National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for wave travel time

  1. Recent Advances in Wave Travel Time Based Methodology for Structural Health Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southern California, University of

    identify wave velocity profiles of vertically propagating shear and torsional waves through the building monitoring, seismic interferometry, wave travel time 1. INTRODUCTION The ability to monitor the health

  2. Time domain analysis of a gyrotron traveling wave amplifier with misaligned electron beam

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Qiushi Peng, Shuyuan; Luo, Jirun

    2014-08-15

    This article develops a time-domain theory to study the beam-wave interaction in gyrotron traveling wave amplifier (gyro-TWA) with a misaligned electron beam. The effects of beam misalignment on the TE{sub 01} mode gyro-TWA operating at the fundamental are discussed. Numerical results show that the effect of misalignment is less obvious when the input power is larger, and the influences of misalignment on the stable gain and the stable time are basically opposite.

  3. Earthquake Damage Detection in the Imperial County Services Building III: Analysis of Wave Travel Times via Impulse Response Functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southern California, University of

    1 Earthquake Damage Detection in the Imperial County Services Building III: Analysis of Wave Travel characteristics of the structure, and are not sensitive to local damage. Wave travel times between selected changes in such characteristics of response are potentially more sensitive to local damage. In this paper

  4. The Effect of Abnormal Granulation on Acoustic Wave Travel Times and Mode Frequencies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Petrovay; R. Erdelyi; M. J. Thompson

    2007-02-02

    Observations indicate that in plage areas (i.e. in active regions outside sunspots) acoustic waves travel faster than in quiet sun, leading to shortened travel times and higher p-mode frequencies. While it is clear that the ultimate cause of any difference between quiet sun and plage is the presence of magnetic fields of order 100 G in the latter, the mechanism by which the magnetic field exerts its influence has not yet been conclusively identified. One possible such mechanism is suggested by the observation that granular motions in plage areas tend to be slightly ``abnormal'', dampened compared to quiet sun. In this paper we consider the effect that abnormal granulation observed in active regions should have on the propagation of acoustic waves. Any such effect is found to be limited to a shallow surface layer where sound waves propagate nearly vertically. The magnetically suppressed turbulence implies higher sound speeds, leading to shorter travel times. This time shift Dt is independent of the travel distance, while it shows a characteristic dependence on the assumed plage field strength. As a consequence of the variation of the acoustic cutoff with height, Dt is expected to be significantly higher for higher frequency waves within the observed regime of 3-5 mHz. The lower group velocity near the upper reflection point further leads to an increased envelope time shift, as compared to the phase shift. $p$-mode frequencies in plage areas are increased by a corresponding amount, Dnu/nu = nu*Dt. These characteristics of the time and frequency shifts are in accordance with observations. The calculated overall amplitude of the time and frequency shifts are comparable to, but still significantly (factor of 2 to 5) less than suggested by measurements.

  5. Traveling-wave photodetector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hietala, Vincent M. (Placitas, NM); Vawter, Gregory A. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1993-01-01

    The traveling-wave photodetector of the present invention combines an absorptive optical waveguide and an electrical transmission line, in which optical absorption in the waveguide results in a photocurrent at the electrodes of the electrical transmission line. The optical waveguide and electrical transmission line of the electrically distributed traveling-wave photodetector are designed to achieve matched velocities between the light in the optical waveguide and electrical signal generated on the transmission line. This velocity synchronization provides the traveling-wave photodetector with a large electrical bandwidth and a high quantum efficiency, because of the effective extended volume for optical absorption. The traveling-wave photodetector also provides large power dissipation, because of its large physical size.

  6. Traveling-wave photodetector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hietala, V.M.; Vawter, G.A.

    1993-12-14

    The traveling-wave photodetector of the present invention combines an absorptive optical waveguide and an electrical transmission line, in which optical absorption in the waveguide results in a photocurrent at the electrodes of the electrical transmission line. The optical waveguide and electrical transmission line of the electrically distributed traveling-wave photodetector are designed to achieve matched velocities between the light in the optical waveguide and electrical signal generated on the transmission line. This velocity synchronization provides the traveling-wave photodetector with a large electrical bandwidth and a high quantum efficiency, because of the effective extended volume for optical absorption. The traveling-wave photodetector also provides large power dissipation, because of its large physical size. 4 figures.

  7. Time-lapse travel time change of multiply scattered acoustic waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snieder, Roel

    .g., wave energy is transported in a process similar to heat diffusion. In medical imaging, for example of applications where detecting temporal changes may be useful include the monitoring of volcanoes, oil reservoirs time-lapse changes in the oil reservoir caused by a massive miscible CO2 flood to enhance oil recovery

  8. Beam loading compensation of traveling wave linacs through the time dependence of the rf drive

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Towne N.; Rose J.

    2011-09-30

    Beam loading in traveling-wave linear accelerating structures leads to unacceptable spread of particle energies across an extended train of bunched particles due to beam-induced field and dispersion. Methods for modulating the rf power driving linacs are effective at reducing energy spread, but for general linacs do not have a clear analytic foundation. We report here methods for calculating how to modulate the rf drive in arbitrarily nonuniform traveling-wave linacs within the convective-transport (power-diffusion) model that results in no additional energy spread due to beam loading (but not dispersion). Varying group velocity, loss factor, and cell quality factor within a structure, and nonzero particle velocity, are handled.

  9. Sequentially pulsed traveling wave accelerator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Caporaso, George J. (Livermore, CA); Nelson, Scott D. (Patterson, CA); Poole, Brian R. (Tracy, CA)

    2009-08-18

    A sequentially pulsed traveling wave compact accelerator having two or more pulse forming lines each with a switch for producing a short acceleration pulse along a short length of a beam tube, and a trigger mechanism for sequentially triggering the switches so that a traveling axial electric field is produced along the beam tube in synchronism with an axially traversing pulsed beam of charged particles to serially impart energy to the particle beam.

  10. Topological horseshoes in travelling waves of discretized nonlinear wave equations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Yi-Chiuan, E-mail: YCChen@math.sinica.edu.tw [Institute of Mathematics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China)] [Institute of Mathematics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Chen, Shyan-Shiou, E-mail: sschen@ntnu.edu.tw [Department of Mathematics, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei 11677, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Mathematics, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei 11677, Taiwan (China); Yuan, Juan-Ming, E-mail: jmyuan@pu.edu.tw [Department of Financial and Computational Mathematics, Providence University, Shalu, Taichung 43301, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Financial and Computational Mathematics, Providence University, Shalu, Taichung 43301, Taiwan (China)

    2014-04-15

    Applying the concept of anti-integrable limit to coupled map lattices originated from space-time discretized nonlinear wave equations, we show that there exist topological horseshoes in the phase space formed by the initial states of travelling wave solutions. In particular, the coupled map lattices display spatio-temporal chaos on the horseshoes.

  11. the wave model A traveling wave is an organized disturbance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winokur, Michael

    1 waves the wave model A traveling wave is an organized disturbance propagating at a well-defined wave speed v. · In transverse waves the particles of the medium move perpendicular to the direction of wave propagation. · In longitudinal waves the particles of the medium move parallel to the direction

  12. Empirical Measurements of Travelers' Value of Travel Time Reliability 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danda, Santosh Rao

    2014-08-12

    empirical data to take an initial step toward understanding the importance of travel time reliability. Katy Freeway travelers face a daily choice between reliable tolled lanes and less reliable but untolled lanes. An extensive dataset of Katy Freeway travel...

  13. SOLITARY-WAVE AND MULTI-PULSED TRAVELING-WAVE ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1910-00-81

    ential equations which model waves in a horizontal water channel traveling in ... undisturbed water depth and ? lies in [0,1]. ..... We content ourselves with.

  14. A novel wideband gyrotron travelling wave amplifier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sirigiri, Jagadishwar R. (Jagadishwar Rao), 1973-

    2003-01-01

    We present the design and the experimental results of a novel wideband quasioptical Gyrotron Traveling Wave Tube (gyro-TWT) amplifier and the first Vacuum Electron Device (VED) with a Photonic Band Gap (PBG) structure. The ...

  15. Time Travel and the Reality of Spontaneity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. K. Raju

    2008-04-05

    Contrary to the informed consensus, time travel implies spontaneity (as distinct from chance) so that time travel can only be of the second kind.

  16. Traveling Waves in Lattice Dynamical Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a number of other potentials, like the power potential, the Lennard­Jones potential, etc., which cases). In the case of a general superquadratic potential, the first rigorous study of traveling waves with prescribed av­ eraged potential energy. Then the wave speed c is determined in terms of the corresponding

  17. Traveling water waves with point vortices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kristoffer Varholm

    2015-03-20

    We construct small-amplitude solitary traveling gravity-capillary water waves with a finite number of point vortices along a vertical line, on finite depth. This is done using a local bifurcation argument. The properties of the resulting waves are also examined: We find that they depend significantly on the position of the point vortices in the water column.

  18. Noisy traveling waves: effect of selection on genealogies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Brunet; B. Derrida; A. H. Mueller; S. Munier

    2006-10-04

    For a family of models of evolving population under selection, which can be described by noisy traveling wave equations, the coalescence times along the genealogical tree scale like $\\log^\\alpha N$, where $N$ is the size of the population, in contrast with neutral models for which they scale like $N$. An argument relating this time scale to the diffusion constant of the noisy traveling wave leads to a prediction for $\\alpha$ which agrees with our simulations. An exactly soluble case gives trees with statistics identical to those predicted for mean-field spin glasses in Parisi's theory.

  19. Treating Time Travel Quantum Mechanically

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John-Mark A. Allen

    2014-10-10

    The fact that closed timelike curves (CTCs) are permitted by general relativity raises the question as to how quantum systems behave when time travel to the past occurs. Research into answering this question by utilising the quantum circuit formalism has given rise to two theories: Deutschian-CTCs (D-CTCs) and "postselected" CTCs (P-CTCs). In this paper the quantum circuit approach is thoroughly reviewed, and the strengths and shortcomings of D-CTCs and P-CTCs are presented in view of their non-linearity and time travel paradoxes. In particular, the "equivalent circuit model"---which aims to make equivalent predictions to D-CTCs, while avoiding some of the difficulties of the original theory---is shown to contain errors. The discussion of D-CTCs and P-CTCs is used to motivate an analysis of the features one might require of a theory of quantum time travel, following which two overlapping classes of new theories are identified. One such theory, the theory of "transition probability" CTCs (T-CTCs), is fully developed. The theory of T-CTCs is shown not to have certain undesirable features---such as time travel paradoxes, the ability to distinguish non-orthogonal states with certainty, and the ability to clone or delete arbitrary pure states---that are present with D-CTCs and P-CTCs. The problems with non-linear extensions to quantum mechanics are discussed in relation to the interpretation of these theories, and the physical motivations of all three theories are discussed and compared.

  20. Stable operating regime for traveling wave devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Carlsten, Bruce E. (Los Alamos, NM)

    2000-01-01

    Autophase stability is provided for a traveling wave device (TWD) electron beam for amplifying an RF electromagnetic wave in walls defining a waveguide for said electromagnetic wave. An off-axis electron beam is generated at a selected energy and has an energy noise inherently arising from electron gun. The off-axis electron beam is introduced into the waveguide. The off-axis electron beam is introduced into the waveguide at a second radius. The waveguide structure is designed to obtain a selected detuning of the electron beam. The off-axis electron beam has a velocity and the second radius to place the electron beam at a selected distance from the walls defining the waveguide, wherein changes in a density of the electron beam due to the RF electromagnetic wave are independent of the energy of the electron beam to provide a concomitant stable operating regime relative to the energy noise.

  1. Traveling-wave photodetectors with high power-bandwidth and gain-bandwidth product performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-01-01

    TRAVELING-WAVE PHOTODETECTORS WITH HIGH POWER–BANDWIDTH ANDTraveling-wave photodetectors for high-power, largeTRAVELING-WAVE PHOTODETECTORS WITH HIGH POWER–BANDWIDTH AND

  2. Observational evidence for travelling wave modes bearing distance proportional shifts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guruprasad, V

    2015-01-01

    Discrepancies of range between the Space Surveillance Network radars and the Deep Space Network in tracking the 1998 earth flyby of NEAR, and between ESA's Doppler and range data in Rosetta's 2009 flyby, reveal a consistent excess delay, or lag, equal to instantaneous one-way travel time in the telemetry signals. These lags readily explain all details of the flyby anomaly, and are shown to be symptoms of chirp d'Alembertian travelling wave solutions, relating to traditional sinusoidal waves by a rotation of the spectral decomposition due to the clock acceleration caused by the Doppler rates during the flybys. The lags thus relate to special relativity, but yield distance proportional shifts like those of cosmology at short range.

  3. Observational evidence for travelling wave modes bearing distance proportional shifts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Guruprasad

    2015-07-18

    Discrepancies of range between the Space Surveillance Network radars and the Deep Space Network in tracking the 1998 earth flyby of NEAR, and between ESA's Doppler and range data in Rosetta's 2009 flyby, reveal a consistent excess delay, or lag, equal to instantaneous one-way travel time in the telemetry signals. These lags readily explain all details of the flyby anomaly, and are shown to be symptoms of chirp d'Alembertian travelling wave solutions, relating to traditional sinusoidal waves by a rotation of the spectral decomposition due to the clock acceleration caused by the Doppler rates during the flybys. The lags thus relate to special relativity, but yield distance proportional shifts like those of cosmology at short range.

  4. Dual variational principles for nonlinear traveling waves in multifluid plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Webb, G. M.; McKenzie, J. F.; Mace, R. L.; Ko, C. M.; Zank, G. P.

    2007-08-15

    A Hamiltonian description of nonlinear, obliquely propagating traveling waves in a charge neutral, electron-proton, multifluid plasma is developed. The governing equations are written as a dual spatial Hamiltonian system. In the first formulation, the Hamiltonian is identified with the longitudinal, x-momentum flux integral P{sub x}=const, in which the energy integral {epsilon}={epsilon}{sub 0} acts as a constraint, and the Hamiltonian evolution operator is d/dx, where x is the position coordinate in the wave frame. In the second Hamiltonian formulation, the Hamiltonian is proportional to the conserved energy integral {epsilon}, in which the momentum integral P{sub x}=const acts as a constraint, and the Hamiltonian evolution operator d/d{tau}=u{sub x}d/dx is the Lagrangian time derivative where u{sub x} is the x component of the electron and proton fluids. The analysis is facilitated by using the de Hoffman-Teller frame of magnetohydrodynamic shock theory to simplify the transverse electron and proton momentum equations. The system is exactly integrable in cases in which the total transverse momentum fluxes of the system are zero in the de Hoffman-Teller frame. The implications of this constraint for the Alfven Mach number of the traveling wave are discussed. The physical conditions for the formation of whistler oscillitons based on the whistler dispersion equation are discussed.

  5. Traveling wave device for combining or splitting symmetric and asymmetric waves

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Möbius, Arnold (Eggenstein, DE); Ives, Robert Lawrence (Saratoga, CA)

    2005-07-19

    A traveling wave device for the combining or splitting of symmetric and asymmetric traveling wave energy includes a feed waveguide for traveling wave energy, the feed waveguide having an input port and a launching port, a reflector for coupling wave energy between the feed waveguide and a final waveguide for the collection and transport of wave energy to or from the reflector. The power combiner has a launching port for symmetrical waves which includes a cylindrical section coaxial to the feed waveguide, and a launching port for asymmetric waves which includes a sawtooth rotated about a central axis.

  6. Photonic-Band-Gap Traveling-Wave Gyrotron Amplifier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nanni, Emilio Alessandro

    We report the experimental demonstration of a gyrotron traveling-wave-tube amplifier at 250 GHz that uses a photonic band gap (PBG) interaction circuit. The gyrotron amplifier achieved a peak small signal gain of 38 dB and ...

  7. Dendritic Actin Filament Nucleation Causes Traveling Waves and Patches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anders E. Carlsson

    2010-05-28

    The polymerization of actin via branching at a cell membrane containing nucleation-promoting factors is simulated using a stochastic-growth methodology. The polymerized-actin distribution displays three types of behavior: a) traveling waves, b) moving patches, and c) random fluctuations. Increasing actin concentration causes a transition from patches to waves. The waves and patches move by a treadmilling mechanism which does not require myosin II. The effects of downregulation of key proteins on actin wave behavior are evaluated.

  8. Traveling Waves Solutions for Bistable Differential-Difference Equations with Periodic Diffusion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elmer, Christopher E.; Van Vleck, Erik

    2001-10-05

    on the underlying lattice as well as on time. For the case of spatially periodic diffusion we obtain analytic solutions for the traveling wave problem using a piecewise linear nonlinearity. The formula for the wave forms is implicitly defined in the general periodic...

  9. Development of a thermoacoustic travelling-wave refrigerator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    mean pressure. By that way, conduction losses on the cold heat exchanger are minimized. However to an acoustic wave. Thereby, gas particle pressure and velocity oscillate around a mean value. According of a travelling-wave, acoustic pressure and velocity are in phase inducing a Stirling type cycle. Over an acoustic

  10. Continuum Cascade Model: Branching Random Walk for Traveling Wave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoshiaki Itoh

    2015-07-15

    The food web is a directed graph in which nodes label species and directed links represent the predation between species. Cascade models generate random food webs. The recursion to obtain the probability distribution of the longest chain length has the solution with traveling wave. We consider a branching random walk to study the asymptotic probability on the wave front.

  11. Traveling-wave device with mass flux suppression

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Swift, Gregory W. (Santa Fe, NM); Backhaus, Scott N. (Los Alamos, NM); Gardner, David L. (White Rock, NM)

    2000-01-01

    A traveling-wave device is provided with the conventional moving pistons eliminated. Acoustic energy circulates in a direction through a fluid within a torus. A side branch may be connected to the torus for transferring acoustic energy into or out of the torus. A regenerator is located in the torus with a first heat exchanger located on a first side of the regenerator downstream of the regenerator relative to the direction of the circulating acoustic energy; and a second heat exchanger located on an upstream side of the regenerator. The improvement is a mass flux suppressor located in the torus to minimize time-averaged mass flux of the fluid. In one embodiment, the device further includes a thermal buffer column in the torus to thermally isolate the heat exchanger that is at the operating temperature of the device.

  12. Traveling water waves with critical layers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ailo Aasen; Kristoffer Varholm

    2015-08-19

    We establish the existence of small-amplitude uni- and bimodal steady periodic gravity waves with an affine vorticity distribution. The solutions describe waves with critical layers and an arbitrary number of crests and troughs in each minimal period. Our bifurcation argument differs slightly from earlier theory, and under certain conditions we prove that the waves found are different from the ones in previous investigations. An important part of the analysis is a fairly complete description of the small-amplitude solutions. Finally, we investigate the asymptotic behavior of solutions on the local bifurcation set.

  13. Tuning gain and bandwidth of traveling wave tubes using metamaterial beam-wave interaction structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lipton, Robert Polizzi, Anthony

    2014-10-14

    We employ metamaterial beam-wave interaction structures for tuning the gain and bandwidth of short traveling wave tubes. The interaction structures are made from metal rings of uniform cross section, which are periodically deployed along the length of the traveling wave tube. The aspect ratio of the ring cross sections is adjusted to control both gain and bandwidth. The frequency of operation is controlled by the filling fraction of the ring cross section with respect to the size of the period cell.

  14. Transformation of spatial and perturbation derivatives of travel time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Transformation of spatial and perturbation derivatives of travel time at a general interface and perturbation parameters. We derive the explicit equations for transforming these travel­time derivatives Hamiltonian function and are applicable to the transformation of travel­time derivatives in both isotropic

  15. Apparatus and method for measuring and imaging traveling waves

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Telschow, Kenneth L. (Idaho Falls, ID); Deason, Vance A. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    2001-01-01

    An apparatus is provided for imaging traveling waves in a medium. The apparatus includes a vibration excitation source configured to impart traveling waves within a medium. An emitter is configured to produce two or more wavefronts, at least one wavefront modulated by a vibrating medium. A modulator is configured to modulate another wavefront in synchronization with the vibrating medium. A sensing media is configured to receive in combination the modulated one wavefront and the another wavefront and having a detection resolution within a limited bandwidth. The another wavefront is modulated at a frequency such that a difference frequency between the one wavefront and the another wavefront is within a response range of the sensing media. Such modulation produces an image of the vibrating medium having an output intensity that is substantially linear with small physical variations within the vibrating medium for all vibration frequencies above the sensing media's response bandwidth. A detector is configured to detect an image of traveling waves in the vibrating medium resulting from interference between the modulated one wavefront and the another wavefront when combined in association with the sensing media. The traveling wave can be used to characterize certain material properties of the medium. Furthermore, a method is provided for imaging and characterizing material properties according to the apparatus.

  16. Infiltration in Porous Media with Dynamic Capillary Pressure: Travelling Waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hulshof, Joost

    Infiltration in Porous Media with Dynamic Capillary Pressure: Travelling Waves C. Cuesta # , C to gravity, results in a pseudo­parabolic Burgers type equation. We give a rigorous study of global of study in this paper. We confine ourselves to the particular case of unsaturated groundwater flow, where

  17. Evolution equations: Frobenius integrability, conservation laws and travelling waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geoff Prince; Naghmana Tehseen

    2015-06-07

    We give new results concerning the Frobenius integrability and solution of evolution equations admitting travelling wave solutions. In particular, we give a powerful result which explains the extraordinary integrability of some of these equations. We also discuss "local" conservations laws for evolution equations in general and demonstrate all the results for the Korteweg de Vries equation.

  18. Shielded serpentine traveling wave tube deflection structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hudson, C.L.; Spector, J.

    1994-12-27

    A shielded serpentine slow wave deflection structure is disclosed having a serpentine signal conductor within a channel groove. The channel groove is formed by a serpentine channel in a trough plate and a ground plane. The serpentine signal conductor is supported at its ends by coaxial feed through connectors. A beam interaction trough intersects the channel groove to form a plurality of beam interaction regions wherein an electron beam may be deflected relative to the serpentine signal conductor. 4 figures.

  19. TRAVELING-WAVE TUBE AMPLIFIER CHARACTERISTICS STUDY FOR STOCHASTIC BEAM COOLING EXPERIMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leskovar, B.

    2010-01-01

    Power Gallium-Arsenide Field- Effect Transistors and Helix Traveling-Wave Tubes (TWT) were considered as potential

  20. Shielded serpentine traveling wave tube deflection structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hudson, Charles L. (Santa Barbara, CA); Spector, Jerome (Berkeley, CA)

    1994-01-01

    A shielded serpentine slow wave deflection structure (10) having a serpene signal conductor (12) within a channel groove (46). The channel groove (46) is formed by a serpentine channel (20) in a trough plate (18) and a ground plane (14). The serpentine signal conductor (12) is supported at its ends by coaxial feed through connectors 28. A beam interaction trough (22) intersects the channel groove (46) to form a plurality of beam interaction regions (56) wherein an electron beam (54) may be deflected relative to the serpentine signal conductor (12).

  1. Numerical studies of current generation by radio-frequency traveling waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karney, Charles

    Numerical studies of current generation by radio-frequency traveling waves Charles F. F. Karney January 1979; final manuscript received 7 May 1979) By injecting radio-frequency traveling waves of the fusion power output. Recently,' the damping of high-phase-velocity radio- frequency traveling waves has

  2. Rigorous Analysis of Traveling Wave Photodetectors under High-Power Illumination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aste, Andreas

    Rigorous Analysis of Traveling Wave Photodetectors under High- Power Illumination Damir Pasalic data has shown excellent agreement. I. INTRODUCTION High-power traveling-wave photodetectors (TWPDs and velocity mismatch between the optical and RF waves over the length of the TWPD. For high power handling

  3. Fast Traveling-Wave Reactor of the Channel Type

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rusov, Vitaliy D; Vashchenko, Volodymyr N; Chernezhenko, Sergei A; Kakaev, Andrei A; Pantak, Oksana I

    2015-01-01

    The main aim of this paper is to solve the technological problems of the TWR based on the technical concept described in our priority of invention reference, which makes it impossible, in particular, for the fuel claddings damaging doses of fast neutrons to excess the ~200 dpa limit. Thus the essence of the technical concept is to provide a given neutron flux at the fuel claddings by setting the appropriate speed of the fuel motion relative to the nuclear burning wave. The basic design of the fast uranium-plutonium nuclear traveling-wave reactor with a softened neutron spectrum is developed, which solves the problem of the radiation resistance of the fuel claddings material.

  4. Fast Traveling-Wave Reactor of the Channel Type

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vitaliy D. Rusov; Victor A. Tarasov; Volodymyr N. Vashchenko; Sergei A. Chernezhenko; Andrei A. Kakaev; Oksana I. Pantak

    2015-04-06

    The main aim of this paper is to solve the technological problems of the TWR based on the technical concept described in our priority of invention reference, which makes it impossible, in particular, for the fuel claddings damaging doses of fast neutrons to excess the ~200 dpa limit. Thus the essence of the technical concept is to provide a given neutron flux at the fuel claddings by setting the appropriate speed of the fuel motion relative to the nuclear burning wave. The basic design of the fast uranium-plutonium nuclear traveling-wave reactor with a softened neutron spectrum is developed, which solves the problem of the radiation resistance of the fuel claddings material.

  5. Three-cell traveling wave superconducting test structure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Avrakhov, Pavel; Kanareykin, Alexei; /Euclid Techlabs, Solon; Kazakov, Sergey; Solyak, Nikolay; Wu, Genfa; Yakovlev, Vyacheslav P.; /Fermilab

    2011-03-01

    Use of a superconducting traveling wave accelerating (STWA) structure with a small phase advance per cell rather than a standing wave structure may provide a significant increase of the accelerating gradient in the ILC linac. For the same surface electric and magnetic fields the STWA achieves an accelerating gradient 1.2 larger than TESLA-like standing wave cavities. The STWA allows also longer acceleration cavities, reducing the number of gaps between them. However, the STWA structure requires a SC feedback waveguide to return the few hundreds of MW of circulating RF power from the structure output to the structure input. A test single-cell cavity with feedback was designed, manufactured and successfully tested demonstrating the possibility of a proper processing to achieve a high accelerating gradient. These results open way to take the next step of the TW SC cavity development: to build and test a travelingwave three-cell cavity with a feedback waveguide. The latest results of the single-cell cavity tests are discussed as well as the design of the test 3-cell TW cavity.

  6. Travel Time Reliability: Its Measurement and Prediction | ornl...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Travel Time Reliability: Its Measurement and Prediction Apr 02 2014 10:00 AM - 11:00 AM George List, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, and Richard Margiotta, Cambridge...

  7. Linear relaxation to planar Travelling Waves in Inertial Confinement Fusion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monsaingeon, Léonard

    2012-01-01

    We study linear stability of planar travelling waves for a scalar reaction-diffusion equation with non-linear anisotropic diffusion. The mathematical model is derived from the full thermo-hydrodynamical model describing the process of Inertial Confinement Fusion. We show that solutions of the Cauchy problem with physically relevant initial data become planar exponentially fast with rate $s(\\eps',k)>0$, where $\\eps'=\\frac{T_{min}}{T_{max}}\\ll 1$ is a small temperature ratio and $k\\gg 1$ the transversal wrinkling wavenumber of perturbations. We rigorously recover in some particular limit $(\\eps',k)\\rightarrow (0,+\\infty)$ a dispersion relation $s(\\eps',k)\\sim \\gamma_0 k^{\\alpha}$ previously computed heuristically and numerically in some physical models of Inertial Confinement Fusion.

  8. Propagation in a kinetic reaction-transport equation: travelling waves and accelerating fronts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calvez, Vincent

    describes particles moving according to a velocity-jump process, and proliferating thanks to a reaction termPropagation in a kinetic reaction-transport equation: travelling waves and accelerating fronts the existence and stability of travelling wave solutions of a kinetic reaction- transport equation. The model

  9. Wunderlich, Kaufman, and Smith LINK TRAVEL TIME PREDICTION FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Robert L.

    . In the Decentralized Dynamic architecture, link-travel times are broadcast to vehicles to provide real-time estimates Architecture does project a gradual progression over time from Autonomous to Decentralized to Centralized route route guidance develops as a viable service. Centralized architectures are projected

  10. Enabling time travel for the scholarly web

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFES ScienceInformation CompanyEmployeeJonHere »ArgonneEnabling time

  11. A penalization method for calculating the flow beneath travelling water waves of large amplitude

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adrian Constantin; Konstantinos Kalimeris; Otmar Scherzer

    2014-08-08

    A penalization method for a suitable reformulation of the governing equations as a constrained optimization problem provides accurate numerical simulations for large-amplitude travelling water waves in irrotational flows and in flows with constant vorticity.

  12. Interpolation of raytheory travel times within ray cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Interpolation of ray­theory travel times within ray cells Petr Bulant & LudŸek KlimeŸs Department techniques. Several methods based on de­ composition of the model volume into ray cells, and on further interpolation within individual ray cells, were introduced. In the wavefront tracing method (Vinje et al. 1996a

  13. Interpolation of raytheory travel times within ray cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Interpolation of ray­theory travel times within ray cells Petr Bulant & LudŸek KlimeŸs Department title: Interpolation within ray cells Summary 3­D ray tracing followed by interpolation of the computed on the decomposition of the model volume into ray cells, and on further interpolation within the individual ray cells

  14. Flow calculations for Yucca Mountain groundwater travel time (GWTT-95)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Altman, S.J.; Arnold, B.W.; Barnard, R.W.; Barr, G.E.; Ho, C.K.; McKenna, S.A.; Eaton, R.R.

    1996-09-01

    In 1983, high-level radioactive waste repository performance requirements related to groundwater travel time were defined by NRC subsystem regulation 10 CFR 60.113. Although DOE is not presently attempting to demonstrate compliance with that regulation, understanding of the prevalence of fast paths in the groundwater flow system remains a critical element of any safety analyses for a potential repository system at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. Therefore, this analysis was performed to allow comparison of fast-path flow against the criteria set forth in the regulation. Models developed to describe the conditions for initiation, propagation, and sustainability of rapid groundwater movement in both the unsaturated and saturated zones will form part of the technical basis for total- system analyses to assess site viability and site licensability. One of the most significant findings is that the fastest travel times in both unsaturated and saturated zones are in the southern portion of the potential repository, so it is recommended that site characterization studies concentrate on this area. Results support the assumptions regarding the importance of an appropriate conceptual model of groundwater flow and the incorporation of heterogeneous material properties into the analyses. Groundwater travel times are sensitive to variation/uncertainty in hydrologic parameters and in infiltration flux at upper boundary of the problem domain. Simulated travel times are also sensitive to poorly constrained parameters of the interaction between flow in fractures and in the matrix.

  15. REAL-TIME WATER WAVES WITH WAVE PARTICLES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keyser, John

    REAL-TIME WATER WAVES WITH WAVE PARTICLES A Dissertation by Cem Yuksel Submitted to the Office of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY August 2010 Major Subject: Computer Science #12;REAL-TIME WATER WAVES WITH WAVE, Valerie E. Taylor August 2010 Major Subject: Computer Science #12;iii ABSTRACT Real-time Water Waves

  16. Time travel, Clock Puzzles and Their Experimental Tests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ignazio Ciufolini

    2013-06-07

    Is time travel possible? What is Einstein's theory of relativity mathematically predicting in that regard? Is time travel related to the so-called clock 'paradoxes' of relativity and if so how? Is there any accurate experimental evidence of the phenomena regarding the different flow of time predicted by General Relativity and is there any possible application of the temporal phenomena predicted by relativity to our everyday life? Which temporal phenomena are predicted in the vicinities of a rotating body and of a mass-energy current, and do we have any experimental test of the occurrence of these phenomena near a rotating body? In this paper, we address and answer some of these questions.

  17. SENSITIVITY OF HELIOSEISMIC TRAVEL TIMES TO THE IMPOSITION OF A LORENTZ FORCE LIMITER IN COMPUTATIONAL HELIOSEISMOLOGY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moradi, Hamed; Cally, Paul S.

    2014-02-20

    The rapid exponential increase in the Alfvén wave speed with height above the solar surface presents a serious challenge to physical modeling of the effects of magnetic fields on solar oscillations, as it introduces a significant Courant-Friedrichs-Lewy time-step constraint for explicit numerical codes. A common approach adopted in computational helioseismology, where long simulations in excess of 10 hr (hundreds of wave periods) are often required, is to cap the Alfvén wave speed by artificially modifying the momentum equation when the ratio between the Lorentz and hydrodynamic forces becomes too large. However, recent studies have demonstrated that the Alfvén wave speed plays a critical role in the MHD mode conversion process, particularly in determining the reflection height of the upwardly propagating helioseismic fast wave. Using numerical simulations of helioseismic wave propagation in constant inclined (relative to the vertical) magnetic fields we demonstrate that the imposition of such artificial limiters significantly affects time-distance travel times unless the Alfvén wave-speed cap is chosen comfortably in excess of the horizontal phase speeds under investigation.

  18. Traveling waves in yeast extract and in cultures of Dictyostelium discoideum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinbock, Oliver

    ­Zhabo- tinsky (BZ) reaction (cf. Ref. [9]). The velocity v of the excitation waves depends in general reaction step according to the relation v (k D)1/2 . Deviations from the constant velocity of a single traveling reaction-diffusion waves occur in response to oscillatory reactions. Glycolytic degradation

  19. 1Travel Time Estimation for Traffic Management and Traveler InformationTravel Time Estimation for Traffic Management and Traveler Information Robert L. BertiniRobert L. Bertini

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    Portland State University Oregon Transportation Research and Education ConsortiumOregon Transportation Research and Education Consortium Transportation Seminar No. 200Transportation Seminar No. 200 ·· April 4, 2008April 4 for Traffic Management and Traveler Information London UndergroundLondon UndergroundLondon Underground #12

  20. IEEE MICROWAVE AND GUIDED WAVE LETTERS, VOL. 8, NO. 3, MARCH 1998 133 A High-Efficiency Traveling-Wave Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    York, Robert A.

    to that of an optimum load for each device, thus realizing a traveling-wave power amplifier. The results for a 1­9-GHz. Additionally, power is lost to backward wave excitation on the artificial output line. A goal of this research port, thus real- izing a traveling wave power amplifier (TWPA). A 1­9-GHz coplanar waveguide (CPW

  1. Travel{time calculation in heterogeneous 3-D structures * Lud ek Klime s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Travel{time calculation in heterogeneous 3-D structures * Lud#20;ek Klime#20;s Department-mail: psencik@earn.cvut.cz Summary The selection of the numerical method to calculate travel times depends on the nature of the travel times, on the complexity and computer representation of the seismic model

  2. Studies of the superconducting traveling wave cavity for high gradient LINAC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avrakhov, Pavel; Kanareykin, Alexei; Solyak, Nikolay; Yakovlev, Vyacheslav P

    2015-01-01

    Use of a traveling wave (TW) accelerating structure with a small phase advance per cell instead of standing wave may provide a significant increase of accelerating gradient in a superconducting linear accelerator. The TW section achieves an accelerating gradient 1.2-1.4 larger than TESLA-shaped standing wave cavities for the same surface electric and magnetic fields. Recent tests of an L-band single-cell cavity with a waveguide feedback demonstrated an accelerating gradient comparable to the gradient in a single-cell ILC-type cavity from the same manufacturer. This article presents the next stage of the 3- cell TW resonance ring development which will be tested in the traveling wave regime. The main simulation results of the microphonics and Lorentz Force Detuning (LFD) are also considered.

  3. TRAVELING-WAVE MODULATOR USING A GELATIN-BASED EO POLYMER WAVEGUIDE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Ray

    TRAVELING-WAVE MODULATOR USING A GELATIN-BASED EO POLYMER WAVEGUIDE R. Shih, R. Chen, and Z. Z. Ho intensity modulator using a gelatin-based EO polymer waveguide has been built and characterized. This EO modulator is constructed from a nitrophenol/gelatin guest/host poled polymer system. V and "33 of 25 V

  4. Dual Use of Traveling and Standing Lamb Waves for Structural Health Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giurgiutiu, Victor

    Dual Use of Traveling and Standing Lamb Waves for Structural Health Monitoring Victor Giurgiutiu@sc.edu ABSTRACT Structural health monitoring (SHM) is an emerging technology with great potential in structural to structures. The paper presents results on the dual use of PWAS for structural health monitoring through: (a

  5. Travelling wave solutions for a quasilinear model of Field Dislocation Mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scheichl, Robert

    Mechanics to a scalar problem in one spatial dimension and investigate the existence of static and slowTravelling wave solutions for a quasilinear model of Field Dislocation Mechanics Amit Acharya in the static case is not proper and it is shown that no comparison principle holds. The findings indicate

  6. Demonstration of a 140-GHz 1-kW Confocal Gyro-Traveling-Wave Amplifier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Temkin, Richard J.

    The theory, design, and experimental results of a wideband 140-GHz 1-kW pulsed gyro-traveling-wave amplifier (gyro-TWA) are presented. The gyro-TWA operates in the HE [subscript 06] mode of an overmoded quasi-optical ...

  7. Modeling, Optimization and Control of Rotary Traveling-Wave Cheng Zhuo, Huafeng Zhang, Rupak Samanta1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Jiang

    Modeling, Optimization and Control of Rotary Traveling-Wave Oscillator Cheng Zhuo, Huafeng Zhang, Rupak Samanta1 , Jiang Hu2 , Kangsheng Chen Department of Information Science & Electronic Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310027, China 1,2 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Texas A

  8. Comparison of actinide production in traveling wave and pressurized water reactors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Osborne, A.G.; Smith, T.A.; Deinert, M.R.

    2013-07-01

    The geopolitical problems associated with civilian nuclear energy production arise in part from the accumulation of transuranics in spent nuclear fuel. A traveling wave reactor is a type of breed-burn reactor that could, if feasible, reduce the overall production of transuranics. In one possible configuration, a cylinder of natural or depleted uranium would be subjected to a fast neutron flux at one end. The neutrons would transmute the uranium, producing plutonium and higher actinides. Under the right conditions, the reactor could become critical, at which point a self-stabilizing fission wave would form and propagate down the length of the reactor cylinder. The neutrons from the fission wave would burn the fissile nuclides and transmute uranium ahead of the wave to produce additional fuel. Fission waves in uranium are driven largely by the production and fission of {sup 239}Pu. Simulations have shown that the fuel burnup can reach values greater than 400 MWd/kgIHM, before fission products poison the reaction. In this work we compare the production of plutonium and minor actinides produced in a fission wave to that of a UOX fueled light water reactor, both on an energy normalized basis. The nuclide concentrations in the spent traveling wave reactor fuel are computed using a one-group diffusion model and are verified using Monte Carlo simulations. In the case of the pressurized water reactor, a multi-group collision probability model is used to generate the nuclide quantities. We find that the traveling wave reactor produces about 0.187 g/MWd/kgIHM of transuranics compared to 0.413 g/MWd/kgIHM for a pressurized water reactor running fuel enriched to 4.95 % and burned to 50 MWd/kgIHM. (authors)

  9. Real-time Water Waves with Wave Particles 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuksel, Cem

    2010-10-12

    This dissertation describes the wave particles technique for simulating water surface waves and two way fluid-object interactions for real-time applications, such as video games. Water exists in various different forms in our environment...

  10. Verification of the helioseismology travel-time measurement technique and the inversion procedure for sound speed using artificial data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parchevsky, K. V.; Zhao, J.; Hartlep, T.; Kosovichev, A. G.

    2014-04-10

    We performed three-dimensional numerical simulations of the solar surface acoustic wave field for the quiet Sun and for three models with different localized sound-speed perturbations in the interior with deep, shallow, and two-layer structures. We used the simulated data generated by two solar acoustics codes that employ the same standard solar model as a background model, but utilize different integration techniques and different models of stochastic wave excitation. Acoustic travel times were measured using a time-distance helioseismology technique, and compared with predictions from ray theory frequently used for helioseismic travel-time inversions. It is found that the measured travel-time shifts agree well with the helioseismic theory for sound-speed perturbations, and for the measurement procedure with and without phase-speed filtering of the oscillation signals. This testing verifies the whole measuring-filtering-inversion procedure for static sound-speed anomalies with small amplitude inside the Sun outside regions of strong magnetic field. It is shown that the phase-speed filtering, frequently used to extract specific wave packets and improve the signal-to-noise ratio, does not introduce significant systematic errors. Results of the sound-speed inversion procedure show good agreement with the perturbation models in all cases. Due to its smoothing nature, the inversion procedure may overestimate sound-speed variations in regions with sharp gradients of the sound-speed profile.

  11. Feasibility of the Interferometric Neighboring Fracture Method and Improved Relative Travel Time Measurement 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shtaygrud, Ilaan

    2014-12-16

    The recently proposed Interferometric Neighboring Fracture (INF) localization method places unique and demanding constraints on relative travel time measurement accuracy and precision, while sampling a function of relative ...

  12. One-dimensional kinetic description of nonlinear traveling-pulse and traveling-wave disturbances in long coasting charged particle beams

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Davidson, Ronald C.; Qin, Hong

    2015-09-21

    This paper makes use of a one-dimensional kinetic model to investigate the nonlinear longitudinal dynamics of a long coasting beam propagating through a perfectly conducting circular pipe with radius r w . The average axial electric field is expressed as z >=–(?/?z)=–ebg???b/?z – ebg2r2w?3?b/?z3, where g0 and g2 are constant geometric factors, ?b(z,t)=?dpz Fb (z,pz,t) is the line density of beam particles, and F b (z,pz,t) satisfies the 1D Vlasov equation. Detailed nonlinear properties of traveling-wave and traveling-pulse (soliton) solutions with time-stationary waveform are examined for a wide range of system parameters extending from moderate-amplitudes to large-amplitude modulations ofmore »the beam charge density. Two classes of solutions for the beam distribution function are considered, corresponding to: (i) the nonlinear waterbag distribution, where Fb = const in a bounded region of pz-space; and (ii) nonlinear Bernstein-Green-Kruskal (BGK)-like solutions, allowing for both trapped and untrapped particle distributions to interact with the self-generated electric field.« less

  13. Scroll Wave Filaments Terminate in the Back of Traveling Fronts Tamas Bansagi, Jr., Christine Palczewski, and Oliver Steinbock*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinbock, Oliver

    Scroll Wave Filaments Terminate in the Back of Traveling Fronts Tama´s Ba´nsa´gi, Jr., Christine with the 1,4-cyclohexanedione Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction demonstrate that three-dimensional scroll waves and the wave-termination of filaments are direct consequences of the system's anomalous dispersion relation

  14. Travelling-waves consistent with turbulence-driven secondary flow in a square duct

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uhlmann, Markus; Pinelli, Alfredo; 10.1063/1.3466661

    2010-01-01

    We present numerically determined travelling-wave solutions for pressure-driven flow through a straight duct with a square cross-section. This family of solutions represents typical coherent structures (a staggered array of counter-rotating streamwise vortices and an associated low-speed streak) on each wall. Their streamwise average flow in the cross-sectional plane corresponds to an eight vortex pattern much alike the secondary flow found in the turbulent regime.

  15. Shielded helix traveling wave cathode ray tube deflection structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Norris, Neil J. (Santa Barbara, CA); Hudson, Charles L. (Santa Barbara, CA)

    1992-01-01

    Various embodiments of a helical coil deflection structure of a CRT are described and illustrated which provide shielding between adjacent turns of the coil on either three or four sides of each turn in the coil. Threaded members formed with either male or female threads and having the same pitch as the deflection coil are utilized for shielding the deflection coil with each turn of the helical coil placed between adjacent threads which act to shield each coil turn from adjacent turns and to confine the field generated by the coil to prevent or inhibit cross-coupling between adjacent turns of the coil to thereby prevent generation of fast fields which might otherwise deflect the beam out of time synchronization with the electron beam pulse.

  16. Shielded helix traveling wave cathode ray tube deflection structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Norris, N.J.; Hudson, C.L.

    1992-12-15

    Various embodiments of a helical coil deflection structure of a CRT are described and illustrated which provide shielding between adjacent turns of the coil on either three or four sides of each turn in the coil. Threaded members formed with either male or female threads and having the same pitch as the deflection coil are utilized for shielding the deflection coil with each turn of the helical coil placed between adjacent threads which act to shield each coil turn from adjacent turns and to confine the field generated by the coil to prevent or inhibit cross-coupling between adjacent turns of the coil to thereby prevent generation of fast fields which might otherwise deflect the beam out of time synchronization with the electron beam pulse. 13 figs.

  17. Simulation studies on the standing and traveling wave thermoacoustic prime movers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Skaria, Mathew; Rasheed, K. K. Abdul; Shafi, K. A.; Kasthurirengan, S.; Behera, Upendra

    2014-01-29

    Thermoacoustic systems have been a focus of recent research due to its structural simplicity, high reliability due to absence of moving parts, and can be driven by low grade energy such as fuel, gas, solar energy, waste heat etc. There has been extensive research on both standing wave and traveling wave systems. Towards the development of such systems, simulations can be carried out by several methods such as (a) solving the energy equation, (b) enthalpy flow model, (c) DeltaEC, a free software available from LANL, USA (d) Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) etc. We present here the simulation studies of standing wave and traveling wave thermoacoustic prime movers using CFD and DeltaEC. The CFD analysis is carried out using Fluent 6.3.26, incorporating the necessary boundary conditions with different working fluids at different operating pressures. The results obtained by CFD are compared with those obtained using DeltaEC. Also, the CFD simulation of the thermoacoustically driven refrigerator is presented.

  18. The TauPToo~kit:Flexib/e Seismic Travel-time and Ray-path Utilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    The TauPToo~kit:Flexib/e Seismic Travel-time and Ray-path Utilities H. Philip Crotwell, Thomas studies. These factors highlight the need for versatile utilities that allow the calculation of travel to implement this approach. We used Maple (Heal etal., 1996), a symbolic mathematics utility, to help convert

  19. Traveling wave instability in sustained double-diffusive convection A. A. Predtechensky,') W. D. McCormick, J. B. Swift, A. G. Rossberg, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin. University of

    Traveling wave instability in sustained double-diffusive convection A. A. Predtechensky,') W. D. Mc instability leads to traveling waves with a high reflection coefficient at the ends of the cell. The measured corrections for the finite thickness of the cell and cross-diffusion effects. The weakly nonlinear waves

  20. Time symmetry in wave function collapse models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel Bedingham

    2015-02-25

    A framework for wave function collapse models that is symmetric under time reversal is presented. Within this framework there are equivalent pictures of collapsing wave functions evolving in both time directions. The backwards-in-time Born rule can be broken by an initial condition on the Universe resulting in asymmetric behaviour. Similarly the forwards-in-time Born rule can in principle be broken by a final condition on the Universe.

  1. Linear and Nonlinear Modeling of a Traveling-Wave Thermoacoustic Heat Engine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scalo, Carlo; Hesselink, Lambertus

    2014-01-01

    We have carried out three-dimensional Navier-Stokes simulations, from quiescent conditions to the limit cycle, of a traveling-wave thermoacoustic heat engine (TAE) composed of a long variable-area resonator shrouding a smaller annular tube, which encloses the hot (HHX) and ambient (AHX) heat-exchangers, and the regenerator (REG). Simulations are wall-resolved, with no-slip and adiabatic conditions enforced at all boundaries, while the heat transfer and drag due to the REG and HXs are modeled. HHX temperatures have been investigated in the range 440K - 500K with AHX temperature fixed at 300K. The initial exponential growth of acoustic energy is due to a network of traveling waves amplified by looping around the REG/HX unit in the direction of the imposed temperature gradient. A simple analytical model demonstrates that such thermoacoustic instability is a Lagrangian thermodynamic process resembling a Stirling cycle. A system-wide linear stability model based on Rott's theory is able to accurately predict the f...

  2. Incident detection using the Standard Normal Deviate model and travel time information from probe vehicles 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mountain, Christopher Eugene

    1993-01-01

    One application of travel time information explored in this thesis is freeway incident detection. It is vital to develop reliable methods for automatically detecting incidents to facilitate the quick response and removal of incidents before...

  3. A Maximum Likelihood Method with Penalty to Estimate Link Travel Time Based on Trip Itinerary Data 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhong, Chujun

    2014-12-15

    Travel time is an important network performance measure. It is a challenging subject due to the fluctuations in traffic characteristics, such as traffic flow. This study proposes a maximum likelihood method with penalty ...

  4. Preliminary performance of the MKII 17 GHz traveling wave relativistic klystron

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haimson, J.; Mecklenburg, B.; Stowell, G.; Kreischer, K. E.; Mastovsky, I. [Haimson Research Corporation, 3350 Scott Blvd., Building 60, Santa Clara, California 95054-3104 (United States); Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139-4294 (United States)

    1999-05-07

    Initial test results are presented of an upgraded RF source developed for high peak power 17 GHz linear accelerator applications. The objectives of this upgrade program were (a) to increase the output capability of the existing vacuum demountable prototype tube so that RF power could also be supplied to a future 2 MeV photoinjector system without appreciable loss of input power to the 17 GHz linac and (b) to investigate the performance of a new design traveling wave output circuit incorporating a racetrack shaped dual output coupler with 5% bandwidth high peak power ceramic RF windows. These recently installed devices are presently being conditioned and tested at the MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Center.

  5. Preliminary performance of the MKII 17 GHz traveling wave relativistic klystron

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haimson, J.; Mecklenburg, B.; Stowell, G. [Haimson Research Corporation, 3350 Scott Blvd., Building 60, Santa Clara, California 95054-3104 (United States); Kreischer, K.E.; Mastovsky, I. [Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139-4294 (United States)

    1999-05-01

    Initial test results are presented of an upgraded RF source developed for high peak power 17 GHz linear accelerator applications. The objectives of this upgrade program were (a) to increase the output capability of the existing vacuum demountable prototype tube so that RF power could also be supplied to a future 2 MeV photoinjector system without appreciable loss of input power to the 17 GHz linac and (b) to investigate the performance of a new design traveling wave output circuit incorporating a racetrack shaped dual output coupler with 5{percent} bandwidth high peak power ceramic RF windows. These recently installed devices are presently being conditioned and tested at the MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Center. {copyright} {ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.}

  6. Travelling waves in a mixture of gases with bimolecular reversible reactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Rossani; A. M. Scarfone

    2003-12-01

    Starting from the kinetic approach for a mixture of reacting gases whose particles interact through elastic scattering and a bimolecular reversible chemical reaction, the equations that govern the dynamics of the system are obtained by means of the relevant Boltzmann-like equation. Conservation laws are considered. Fluid dynamic approximations are used at the Euler level to obtain a close set of PDEs for six unknown macroscopic fields. The dispersion relation of the mixture of reacting gases is explicitly derived in the homogeneous equilibrium state. A set of ODE that governs the propagation of a plane travelling wave is obtained using the Galilei invariance. After numerical integration some solutions, including the well-known Maxwellian and the hard spheres cases, are found for various meaningful interaction laws. The main macroscopic observables for the gas mixture such as the drift velocity, temperature, total density, pressure and its chemical composition are shown.

  7. On kinks and other travelling-wave solutions of a modified sine-Gordon equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaetano Fiore; Gabriele Guerriero; Alfonso Maio; Enrico Mazziotti

    2015-07-07

    We give an exhaustive, non-perturbative classification of exact travelling-wave solutions of a perturbed sine-Gordon equation (on the real line or on the circle) which is used to describe the Josephson effect in the theory of superconductors and other remarkable physical phenomena. The perturbation of the equation consists of a constant forcing term and a linear dissipative term. On the real line candidate orbitally stable solutions with bounded energy density are either the constant one, or of kink (i.e. soliton) type, or of array-of-kinks type, or of "half-array-of-kinks" type. While the first three have unperturbed analogs, the last type is essentially new. We also propose a convergent method of successive approximations of the (anti)kink solution based on a careful application of the fixed point theorem.

  8. HELIOSEISMIC SIGNATURE OF CHROMOSPHERIC DOWNFLOWS IN ACOUSTIC TRAVEL-TIME MEASUREMENTS FROM HINODE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nagashima, Kaori; Sekii, Takashi [Department of Astronomical Science, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (Sokendai), National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Kosovichev, Alexander G.; Zhao Junwei [W.W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); Tarbell, Theodore D. [Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory, B/252, 3251 Hanover Street, Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States)], E-mail: kaorin@solar.mtk.nao.ac.jp

    2009-04-01

    We report on a signature of chromospheric downflows in two emerging flux regions detected by time-distance helioseismology analysis. We use both chromospheric intensity oscillation data in the Ca II H line and photospheric Dopplergrams in the Fe I 557.6 nm line obtained by Hinode/SOT for our analyses. By cross-correlating the Ca II oscillation signals, we have detected a travel-time anomaly in the plage regions; outward travel times are shorter than inward travel times by 0.5-1 minute. However, such an anomaly is absent in the Fe I data. These results can be interpreted as evidence of downflows in the lower chromosphere. The downflow speed is estimated to be below 10 km s{sup -1}. This result demonstrates a new possibility of studying chromospheric flows by time-distance analysis.

  9. A perturbative model for predicting the high-Reynolds-number behaviour of the streamwise travelling waves technique in turbulent drag reduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belan, Marco

    2013-01-01

    The background of this work is the problem of reducing the aerodynamic turbulent friction drag, which is an important source of energy waste in innumerable technological fields. We develop a theoretical framework aimed at predicting the behaviour of existing drag reduction techniques when used at the large values of Re which are typical of applications. We focus on one recently proposed and very promising technique, which consists in creating at the wall streamwise-travelling waves of spanwise velocity. A perturbation analysis of the Navier-Stokes equations that govern the fluid motion is carried out, for the simplest wall-bounded flow geometry, i.e. the plane channel flow. The streamwise base flow is perturbed by the spanwise time-varying base flow induced by the travelling waves. An asymptotic expansion is then carried out with respect to the velocity amplitude of the travelling wave. The analysis, although based on several assumptions, leads to predictions of drag reduction that agree well with the measure...

  10. PHYS 101 Lecture 22 -Standing and travelling waves 22 -1 2001 by David Boal, Simon Fraser University. All rights reserved; further copying or resale is strictly prohibited.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boal, David

    PHYS 101 Lecture 22 - Standing and travelling waves 22 - 1 © 2001 by David Boal, Simon Fraser University. All rights reserved; further copying or resale is strictly prohibited. Lecture 22 - Standing Demonstrations: · retort stand, elastic band, 0.5 kg mass, monochord Standing and Travelling Waves If we pluck

  11. Alternative measurements of the fermion g-factor in the field of a traveling circularly polarized electromagnetic wave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. V. Gisin

    2015-08-20

    The field of a traveling circularly polarized electromagnetic wave and a constant magnetic field localizes fermions perpendicularly to propagation of the wave in the cross section of the order of the wavelength. Unusual exact solutions of the Dirac equation correspond to this localization. Except to routine use of thin fermion beams it can be suitable for alternative measurements of the g - factor. Details and peculiarities of the solutions in application to the measurements are considered in the paper.

  12. A finite volume method and experimental study of a stator of a piezoelectric traveling wave rotary ultrasonic motor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pugh, Mary

    ultrasonic motor V. Bolborici a, , F.P. Dawson b , M.C. Pugh c a University of Texas at El Paso, Department Keywords: Piezoelectric Ultrasonic Motor Stator Eigenfrequency a b s t r a c t Piezoelectric traveling wave rotary ultrasonic motors are motors that generate torque by using the fric- tion force between

  13. FAST Spacecraft Reveals Fundamental Plasma Wave Emission NASA's Fast Auroral Snapshot (FAST) Small Explorer has traveled to the source

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strangeway, Robert J.

    FAST Spacecraft Reveals Fundamental Plasma Wave Emission Mechanism NASA's Fast Auroral Snapshot (FAST) Small Explorer has traveled to the source region of the Earth's most powerful radio emission ­ Auroral Kilometric Radiation (AKR). FAST's high resolution particles and fields measurements have revealed

  14. Time travelling in multicore Henry Liu and Ethan Zou

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poonen, Bjorn

    ) and a Write TimeStamp (WTS) - WTS - time of last store - RTS - time of last read - Private memory - data Structure: WTS RTS Data 8 #12;TARDIS Example Core 0 Private Memory Shared Memory Core 1 Private MemoryPTS = 0 PTS = 0 WTS=0 RTS=0 A = 1 WTS=0 RTS=0 B = 0 Tasks: Set A=2 Print B Tasks: Set B=3 Print A 9 #12

  15. Travel Guide Travel Mode Options

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowther, Paul

    reduce your travel costs, alleviate congestion and parking problems, reduce your carbon footprint.uclan.ac.uk/sustainabletravel For travel advice contact: UCLan Sports Arena 01772 761000 Reduce time, money and your carbon footprint

  16. Understanding bus travel time variation using AVL data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerstle, David G

    2012-01-01

    The benefits of bus automatic vehicle location (AVL) data are well documented (see e.g., Furth et al. (2006)), ranging from passenger-facing applications that predict bus arrival times to service-provider-facing applications ...

  17. Estimation and prediction of travel time from loop detector data for intelligent transportation systems applications 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vanajakshi, Lelitha Devi

    2005-11-01

    ., or from indirect methods such as loop detectors. Because of their wide spread deployment, travel time estimation from loop detector data is one of the most widely used methods. However, the major criticism about loop detector data is the high probability...

  18. Joint two-dimensional DC resistivity and seismic travel time inversion with cross-gradients constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meju, Max

    Joint two-dimensional DC resistivity and seismic travel time inversion with cross to evaluate the structural features common to both methods. The cross-gradients function is incorporated method. The resultant iterative two-dimensional (2-D) joint inversion scheme is successfully applied

  19. ForPeerReview Viability of Travel-time Sensitivity Testing for Estimating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ward, Karen

    of Tomographic Velocity Models: A Case Study Journal: Geophysics Manuscript ID: GEO-2008-0386 Manuscript Type Inversion, Seismic Velocity/Statics GEOPHYSICS #12;ForPeerReview Averill et al., Travel Time Sensitivity Models: A Case Study Matthew G. Averill* , Kate C. Miller (corresponding author), Vladik Krenovich

  20. Computer representation of the model covariance function resulting from travel-time tomography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Karlovu 3, 121 16 Praha 2, Czech Republic, http://sw3d.cz/sta#11;/klimes.htm Summary This paper represents generalization of the equations from interpo- lation of slowness to interpolation of general power of velocity is designed. Keywords Travel{time tomographic inversion, resolution, velocity model, medium covariance func

  1. Gravity Wave Turbulence in Wave Tanks: Space and Time Statistics Sergei Lukaschuk,1,* Sergey Nazarenko,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nazarenko, Sergey

    Gravity Wave Turbulence in Wave Tanks: Space and Time Statistics Sergei Lukaschuk,1,* Sergey the first simultaneous space-time measurements for gravity wave turbulence in a large laboratory flume. We found that the slopes of k and ! wave spectra depend on wave intensity. This cannot be explained by any

  2. that minimizes vehicle emissions during design of routes in congested environments with time-dependent travel speeds, hard time windows,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    that minimizes vehicle emissions during design of routes in congested environments with time emissions, and several laboratory and field methods are available for estimating vehicle emissions rates (1 and then begins to increase again (2); hence, the relationship between emission rates and travel speed

  3. Mixed-domain performance model of the piezoelectric traveling-wave motor and the development of a two-sided device

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glenn, Timothy Scott, 1971-

    2002-01-01

    In recognition of the growing consideration of piezoelectric traveling-wave motors as suitable replacements for small-scale electromagnetic motors, the present work addresses two parallel objectives: (1) to develop an ...

  4. Comparison of vehicle travel times and measurement techniques along the I-35 corridor in San Antonio, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrier, Pete James

    1999-01-01

    The floating car method of travel time data collection has been used since the 1920's to evaluate transportation issues such as congestion management and freeway operation. However, this technique can be time consuming, labor intensive...

  5. A methodology for predicting minimum travel paths using real-time traffic network data 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Chang

    1991-01-01

    A METHODOLOGY FOR PREDICTING MINIMUM TRAVEL PATHS USING REAL-TIME TRAFFIC NETWORK DATA A Thesis by Chang Liu Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillrnent of the requirements for the degree... operations. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I would like to express special thanks to Dr. Daniel B. Fambro for his guidance, assistance, and patience from the initial stage of my graduate career at Texas A&M University through the final stage of the research documented...

  6. First Time Traveler with NU? Sign up for NU financials security access

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ottino, Julio M.

    & Biological Engineering Tech E136 8474912774 Travel Confirmations to Submit: Any prepaid travel should passes, any email confirmations for flight reservations (prepaid or reimbursable) Taxi, Rail, Parking

  7. Turbulent drag reduction by streamwise traveling waves Armin Zare, Binh K. Lieu, and Mihailo R. Jovanovic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jovanovic, Mihailo

    of Minnesota Initiative for Renewable Energy and the Environment under Early Career Award RC- 0014 simulations have provided motivation for the development of a model-based framework for designing traveling

  8. Chaotic microwave systems based on traveling-wave tube (TWT) amplifiers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anlage, Steven

    LOS, cell phones, radar, EW zk v = TWT Dispersion Diagram Slow space charge wave Slow EM wave #12 Dynamic Control ·The radiation scattered off objects will couple in varying strengths to the various nodes

  9. versionCite as: Christoph Sommer, Robert Krul, Reinhard German and Falko Dressler, "Emissions vs. Travel Time: Simulative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Breu, Ruth

    superseded by conference versionCite as: Christoph Sommer, Robert Krul, Reinhard German and Falko vs. Travel Time: Simulative Evaluation of the Environmental Impact of ITS Christoph Sommer, Robert und Kommunikationssysteme Christoph Sommer, Robert Krul, Reinhard German and Falko Dressler

  10. Observations of traveling ionospheric disturbances with a satellite-beacon radio interferometer: Seasonal and local time behavior

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jacobson, A.R.; Carlos, R.C.; Massey, R.S.; Wui, Guanghui [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)] [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

    1995-02-01

    The authors have operated a very long baseline interferometer array at a northern midlatitude site, illuminated by VHF radio beacons from two geosynchronous satellites, quasi-continuously for over a year. The array can detect and measure the trace velocity of traveling ionosphere disturbances (TIDs) via their signatures in the line-of-sight total electron content (TEC). The system noise level is of the order of 10{sup 13} m{sup {minus}2} in the TEC, so that even very weak perturbations can be studied. They have used the year-long TID detection/velocimetry data set to describe local time and seasonal dependences of the wave parameters. The most striking finding is that the preferred azimuths of TIDs in the data set tend to belong to either of two modes: The first mode, strongest at midday and in the early afternoon, particularly around winter equinox, propagates southward. The second mode, strongest in the evening, especially during summer solstice through autumn equinox, propagates west-northwestward. The two modes are disposed in local time such as to suggest the agency of clockwise rotation of the TID preferred azimuths versus time, as expected by wind filtering in the thermospheric diurnal tide. However, there is a gap between the two modes` azimuth bands. Moreover, the two modes exist in all trace-speed quartiles of the data set TIDs, a finding which is at variance with the hypothesis of wind filtering being the primary explanation of these modes. 28 refs., 13 figs.

  11. Dynamically Predicting Corridor Travel Time Under Incident Conditions Using a Neural Network Approach 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeng, Xiaosi

    2011-02-22

    system. The model development process can be used as a demonstration of how, in detail, to predict travel time under various freeway conditions by using the neural network approach. The modeling results may be integrated directly into major TMCs... outputs. Since freeway segments are typically much shorter, the pairing of input and outputs become less erroneous and the sample size is usually no longer an issue. Furthermore, the first step of the two-stage method can be used as a building block so...

  12. STABILITY OF TRAVELING WAVES FOR DEGENERATE SYSTEMS OF REACTION DIFFUSION EQUATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Latushkin, Yuri

    -diffusion system at a traveling pulse or front, we prove a theorem that allows one to derive information about in neurons; certain combustion models [9]; population models in which some species diffuse and others do Classification. 47D06, 35K57, 35B40. Key words and phrases. front, pulse, spectrally stable, linearly stable, C0

  13. RESEARCH PAPER Simulation-based analysis of flow due to traveling-plane-wave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikoglu, Berrin

    : 28 March 2007 Ó Springer-Verlag 2007 Abstract One of the propulsion mechanisms of micro- organisms flows with mechanical micropumps remains somewhat a challenge. Propulsion mechanisms of microorganisms be placed in a channel and actuated for pumping of the fluid by means of introducing a series of traveling

  14. Spin oscillations of relativistic fermions in the field of a traveling circularly polarized electromagnetic wave and a constant magnetic field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boris V. Gisin

    2014-05-13

    The Dirac equation, in the field of a traveling circularly polarized electromagnetic wave and a constant magnetic field, has singular solutions, corresponding the expansion of energy in vicinity of some singular point. These solutions described relativistic fermions. States relating to these solutions are not stationary. The temporal change of average energy, momentum and spin for single and mixed states is studied in the paper. A distinctive feature of the states is the disappearance of the longitudinal component of the average spin. Another feature is the equivalence of the condition of fermion minimal energy and the classical condition of the magnetic resonance. Finding such solutions assumes the use of a transformation for rotating and co-moving frames of references. Comparison studies of solutions obtained with the Galilean and non-Galilean transformation shown that some parameters of the non-Galilean transformation may be measured in high-energy physics.

  15. On the recovery of traveling water waves with vorticity from the pressure at the bed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vera Mikyoung Hur; Michael R. Livesay

    2015-10-08

    We propose higher-order approximation formulae recovering the surface elevation from the pressure at the bed and the background shear flow for small-amplitude Stokes and solitary water waves. They offer improvements over the pressure transfer function and the hydrostatic approximation. The formulae compare reasonably well with asymptotic approximations of the exact relation between the pressure at the bed and the surface wave in the zero vorticity case, but they incorporate the effects of vorticity through solutions of the Rayleigh equation. Several examples are discussed.

  16. On the recovery of traveling water waves with vorticity from the pressure at the bed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hur, Vera Mikyoung

    2015-01-01

    We propose higher-order approximation formulae recovering the surface elevation from the pressure at the bed and the background shear flow for small-amplitude Stokes and solitary water waves. They offer improvements over the pressure transfer function and the hydrostatic approximation. The formulae compare reasonably well with asymptotic approximations of the exact relation between the pressure at the bed and the surface wave in the zero vorticity case, but they incorporate the effects of vorticity through solutions of the Rayleigh equation. Several examples are discussed.

  17. STABILITY OF TRAVELING WAVES IN PARTLY PARABOLIC SYSTEMS ANNA GHAZARYAN, YURI LATUSHKIN, AND STEPHEN SCHECTER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Latushkin, Yuri

    , such as Hodgkin-Huxley and FitzHugh-Nagumo; combustion and chemical reaction equations in which some reactant communication, combustion theory, biomathematics (calcium waves in tissue, nerve conduction, population dynamics suppose that Y() is an equilibrium solution of (1.2) with lim ± Y() = Y±. Y() is called a pulse if Y- = Y

  18. Using Empirical Data to Find the Best Measurement for Travel Time Reliability 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alemazkoor, Negin

    2014-08-20

    . In this research, data from Katy Freeway, where travelers choose between tolled but reliable lanes and free but less reliable lanes, was used in an attempt to find the best measurement of reliability that could lead to the best explanation of travelers’ lane choice...

  19. Light Properties Light travels at the speed of light `c'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    LIGHT!! #12;Light Properties Light travels at the speed of light `c' C = 3 x 108 m/s Or 190,000 miles/second!! Light could travel around the world about 8 times in one second #12;What is light?? Light is a "wave packet" A photon is a "light particle" #12;Electromagnetic Radiation and You Light is sometimes

  20. Multi-time wave functions for quantum field theory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Petrat, Sören; Tumulka, Roderich

    2014-06-15

    Multi-time wave functions such as ?(t{sub 1},x{sub 1},…,t{sub N},x{sub N}) have one time variable t{sub j} for each particle. This type of wave function arises as a relativistic generalization of the wave function ?(t,x{sub 1},…,x{sub N}) of non-relativistic quantum mechanics. We show here how a quantum field theory can be formulated in terms of multi-time wave functions. We mainly consider a particular quantum field theory that features particle creation and annihilation. Starting from the particle–position representation of state vectors in Fock space, we introduce multi-time wave functions with a variable number of time variables, set up multi-time evolution equations, and show that they are consistent. Moreover, we discuss the relation of the multi-time wave function to two other representations, the Tomonaga–Schwinger representation and the Heisenberg picture in terms of operator-valued fields on space–time. In a certain sense and under natural assumptions, we find that all three representations are equivalent; yet, we point out that the multi-time formulation has several technical and conceptual advantages. -- Highlights: •Multi-time wave functions are manifestly Lorentz-covariant objects. •We develop consistent multi-time equations with interaction for quantum field theory. •We discuss in detail a particular model with particle creation and annihilation. •We show how multi-time wave functions are related to the Tomonaga–Schwinger approach. •We show that they have a simple representation in terms of operator valued fields.

  1. Preliminary Deep Water Results in Single-Beacon One-Way-Travel-Time Acoustic Navigation for Underwater Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eustice, Ryan

    Preliminary Deep Water Results in Single-Beacon One-Way-Travel-Time Acoustic Navigation results from the first deep-water evaluation of this method using data collected from an autonomous of Mechanical Engineering Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218 email: {swebster,llw}@jhu.edu Department

  2. An algorithm for the solution of a traveling salesman problem to minimize the average time to demand satisfaction 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryan, James Patrick

    1992-01-01

    AN ALGORITHM FOR THE SOLUTION OF A TRAVELING SALESMAN PROBLEM TO MINIMIZE THE AVERAGE TIME TO DEMAND SATISFACTION A Thesis by JAMES PATRICK RYAN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1992 Major Subject: Industrial Engineering AN ALGORITHM FOR THB SOLUTION OF A TRAVBLING SALESMAN PROBLEM TO MINIMIBB THE AVBRAGE TIME TO DEMAND SATISFACTION A Thesis by JAMES PATRICK RYAN...

  3. Late Time Tail of Wave Propagation on Curved Spacetime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. S. C. Ching; P. T. Leung; W. M. Suen; K. Young

    1994-10-30

    The late time behavior of waves propagating on a general curved spacetime is studied. The late time tail is not necessarily an inverse power of time. Our work extends, places in context, and provides understanding for the known results for the Schwarzschild spacetime. Analytic and numerical results are in excellent agreement.

  4. Three-dimensional P and S waves velocity structures of the Coso...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Three-dimensional P and S waves velocity structures of the Coso geothermal area, California, from microseismic travel time data Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference...

  5. Loschmidt cooling by time reversal of atomic matter waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Martin; B. Georgeot; D. L. Shepelyansky

    2007-11-28

    We propose an experimental scheme which allows to realize approximate time reversal of matter waves for ultracold atoms in the regime of quantum chaos. We show that a significant fraction of the atoms return back to their original state, being at the same time cooled down by several orders of magnitude. We give a theoretical description of this effect supported by extensive numerical simulations. The proposed scheme can be implemented with existing experimental setups.

  6. Cooling by Time Reversal of Atomic Matter Waves

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martin, J.; Georgeot, B.; Shepelyansky, D. L. [Laboratoire de Physique Theorique, Universite de Toulouse III, CNRS, 31062 Toulouse (France)

    2008-02-01

    We propose an experimental scheme which allows us to realized approximate time reversal of matter waves for ultracold atoms in the regime of quantum chaos. We show that a significant fraction of the atoms return back to their original state, being at the same time cooled down by several orders of magnitude. We give a theoretical description of this effect supported by extensive numerical simulations. The proposed scheme can be implemented with existing experimental setups.

  7. The roles of non-extensivity and dust concentration as bifurcation parameters in dust-ion acoustic traveling waves in magnetized dusty plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Narayan Ghosh, Uday; Kumar Mandal, Pankaj, E-mail: pankajwbmsd@gmail.com; Chatterjee, Prasanta [Department of Mathematics, Siksha Bhavana Visva Bharati, Santiniketan, West Bengal 731235 (India)] [Department of Mathematics, Siksha Bhavana Visva Bharati, Santiniketan, West Bengal 731235 (India)

    2014-03-15

    Dust ion-acoustic traveling waves are studied in a magnetized dusty plasma in presence of static dust and non-extensive distributed electrons in the framework of Zakharov-Kuznesstov-Burgers (ZKB) equation. System of coupled nonlinear ordinary differential equations is derived from ZKB equation, and equilibrium points are obtained. Nonlinear wave phenomena are studied numerically using fourth order Runge-Kutta method. The change from unstable to stable solution and consequently to asymptotic stable of dust ion acoustic traveling waves is studied through dynamical system approach. It is found that some dramatical features emerge when the non-extensive parameter and the dust concentration parameters are varied. Behavior of the solution of the system changes from unstable to stable and stable to asymptotic stable depending on the value of the non-extensive parameter. It is also observed that when the dust concentration is increased the solution pattern is changed from oscillatory shocks to periodic solution. Thus, non-extensive and dust concentration parameters play crucial roles in determining the nature of the stability behavior of the system. Thus, the non-extensive parameter and the dust concentration parameters can be treated as bifurcation parameters.

  8. The study of waves is clearly an important subject in acoustics because sound energy is transmitted by waves traveling though air. Furthermore, it turns out that the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robertson, William

    Waves The study of waves is clearly an important subject in acoustics because sound energy energy without any net movement of mass. In other words the energy in the wave moves from point A to point B without moving any material from A to B. After transmission of wave energy the medium is left

  9. The wave equation on static singular space-times

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eberhard Mayerhofer

    2008-02-12

    The first part of my thesis lays the foundations to generalized Lorentz geometry. The basic algebraic structure of finite-dimensional modules over the ring of generalized numbers is investigated. The motivation for this part of my thesis evolved from the main topic, the wave equation on singular space-times. The second and main part of my thesis is devoted to establishing a local existence and uniqueness theorem for the wave equation on singular space-times. The singular Lorentz metric subject to our discussion is modeled within the special algebra on manifolds in the sense of Colombeau. Inspired by an approach to generalized hyperbolicity of conical-space times due to Vickers and Wilson, we succeed in establishing certain energy estimates, which by a further elaborated equivalence of energy integrals and Sobolev norms allow us to prove existence and uniqueness of local generalized solutions of the wave equation with respect to a wide class of generalized metrics. The third part of my thesis treats three different point value resp. uniqueness questions in algebras of generalized functions

  10. Quantified Traveler: Travel Feedback Meets the Cloud to Change Behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    spent traveling (time, cost, CO2, and calories) was able toemissions (kg of CO2), calories burned, cost ($), and traveland cost (Q4) spent traveling did not shift awareness, the information on calories (Q3) and CO2 (

  11. High Order Space-Time Finite Element Schemes for Acoustic and Viscodynamic Wave Equations with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    High Order Space-Time Finite Element Schemes for Acoustic and Viscodynamic Wave Equations in time 5 3 Specific applications 10 3.1 The acoustic wave equation, for the first time, to second order wave equations including elastodynamics with and without Kelvin

  12. Freely floating structures trapping time-harmonic water waves (revisited)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nikolay Kuznetsov; Oleg Motygin

    2014-10-22

    We study the coupled small-amplitude motion of the mechanical system consisting of infinitely deep water and a structure immersed in it. The former is bounded above by a free surface, whereas the latter is formed by an arbitrary finite number of surface-piercing bodies floating freely. The mathematical model of time-harmonic motion is a spectral problem in which the frequency of oscillations serves as the spectral parameter. It is proved that there exist axisymmetric structures consisting of $N \\geq 2$ bodies; every structure has the following properties: (i) a time-harmonic wave mode is trapped by it; (ii) some of its bodies (may be none) are motionless, whereas the rest of the bodies (may be none) are heaving at the same frequency as water. The construction of these structures is based on a generalization of the semi-inverse procedure applied earlier for obtaining trapping bodies that are motionless although float freely.

  13. Time asymptotics of the Schroedinger wave function in time-periodic potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O. Costin; R. D. Costin; J. L. Lebowitz

    2006-08-13

    We study the transition to the continuum of an initially bound quantum particle in $\\RR^d$, $d=1,2,3$, subjected, for $t\\ge 0$, to a time periodic forcing of arbitrary magnitude. The analysis is carried out for compactly supported potentials, satisfying certain auxiliary conditions. It provides complete analytic information on the time Laplace transform of the wave function. From this, comprehensive time asymptotic properties (Borel summable transseries) follow. We obtain in particular a criterion for whether the wave function gets fully delocalized (complete ionization). This criterion shows that complete ionization is generic and provides a convenient test for particular cases. When satisfied it implies absence of discrete spectrum and resonances of the associated Floquet operator. As an illustration we show that the parametric harmonic perturbation of a potential chosen to be any nonzero multiple of the characteristic function of a measurable compact set has this property.

  14. SHEAR WAVE TIME-LAPSE SEISMIC MONITORING OF A TIGHT GAS SANDSTONE RESERVOIR, RULISON FIELD, COLORADO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SHEAR WAVE TIME-LAPSE SEISMIC MONITORING OF A TIGHT GAS SANDSTONE RESERVOIR, RULISON FIELD focused specifically on the use of time-lapse (4D) poststack migrated shear-wave seismic data of shear wave data as a tool for monitoring 4D changes. The basin centered tight gas sandstone reservoir

  15. An Efficient GPU-based Time Domain Solver for the Acoustic Wave Equation Ravish Mehraa,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

    An Efficient GPU-based Time Domain Solver for the Acoustic Wave Equation Ravish Mehraa,1 , Nikunj of the acoustic wave equation for the purpose of room acoustics is presented. It is based on adaptive rectangular. Keywords: Time-domain wave equation solver, Room acoustics, GPU-based algorithms. 1. Introduction

  16. An explicit time evolution method for acoustic wave propagation Huafeng Liu1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niu, Fenglin

    . We started from the constant-density acoustic wave equation and obtained an analytical timeAn explicit time evolution method for acoustic wave propagation Huafeng Liu1 , Nanxun Dai2 (ETE) method to efficiently simulate wave propaga- tion in acoustic media with high temporal accuracy

  17. High Order Space-Time Finite Element Schemes for Acoustic and Viscodynamic Wave Equations with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    High Order Space-Time Finite Element Schemes for Acoustic and Viscodynamic Wave Equations applications are to the acoustic wave equation and to elastodynamics. We also build in the well-known Kelvin for decoupled DGFEM in time 6 3 Specific applications 10 3.1 The acoustic wave equation

  18. Real-time Generation of Plausible Surface Waves Kristian Yrjola and Thomas Larsson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larsson, Thomas

    Real-time Generation of Plausible Surface Waves Kristian Yrj¨ol¨a and Thomas Larsson Department, and the exe- cution time of the generated waves can be controlled dynamically. Finally, experimental results illustrate the interactive performance and the visual quality of the generated waves. CR Categories: I.3

  19. Wave Propagation in Gravitational Systems: Late Time Behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. S. C. Ching; P. T. Leung; W. M. Suen; K. Young

    1995-07-14

    It is well-known that the dominant late time behavior of waves propagating on a Schwarzschild spacetime is a power-law tail; tails for other spacetimes have also been studied. This paper presents a systematic treatment of the tail phenomenon for a broad class of models via a Green's function formalism and establishes the following. (i) The tail is governed by a cut of the frequency Green's function $\\tilde G(\\omega)$ along the $-$~Im~$\\omega$ axis, generalizing the Schwarzschild result. (ii) The $\\omega$ dependence of the cut is determined by the asymptotic but not the local structure of space. In particular it is independent of the presence of a horizon, and has the same form for the case of a star as well. (iii) Depending on the spatial asymptotics, the late time decay is not necessarily a power law in time. The Schwarzschild case with a power-law tail is exceptional among the class of the potentials having a logarithmic spatial dependence. (iv) Both the amplitude and the time dependence of the tail for a broad class of models are obtained analytically. (v) The analytical results are in perfect agreement with numerical calculations.

  20. The stability of Killing-Cauchy horizons in colliding plane wave space-times

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. B. Griffiths

    2005-01-05

    It is confirmed rigorously that the Killing-Cauchy horizons, which sometimes occur in space-times representing the collision and subsequent interaction of plane gravitational waves in a Minkowski background, are unstable with respect to bounded perturbations of the initial waves, at least for the case in which the initial waves have constant aligned polarizations.

  1. Time-lapse monitoring of rock properties with coda wave interferometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snieder, Roel

    exploited ultrasonic coda waves to monitor time-varying rock properties in a laboratory environment. We haveTime-lapse monitoring of rock properties with coda wave interferometry Alexandre Gre^t,1 Roel dam and volcano monitoring, time-lapse reservoir characterization, earthquake relocation, and stress

  2. Wave function for harmonically confined electrons in time-dependent electric and magnetostatic fields

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhu, Hong-Ming; Chen, Jin-Wang; Pan, Xiao-Yin; Sahni, Viraht

    2014-01-14

    We derive via the interaction “representation” the many-body wave function for harmonically confined electrons in the presence of a magnetostatic field and perturbed by a spatially homogeneous time-dependent electric field—the Generalized Kohn Theorem (GKT) wave function. In the absence of the harmonic confinement – the uniform electron gas – the GKT wave function reduces to the Kohn Theorem wave function. Without the magnetostatic field, the GKT wave function is the Harmonic Potential Theorem wave function. We further prove the validity of the connection between the GKT wave function derived and the system in an accelerated frame of reference. Finally, we provide examples of the application of the GKT wave function.

  3. Radio Science, Volume ???, Number , Pages 110, Time Reversal of Electromagnetic Waves and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris 7 - Denis Diderot, Université

    electromagnetic pulse at a central frequency of 2.45 GHz in a high-Q cavity. Another antenna records the stronglyRadio Science, Volume ???, Number , Pages 1­10, Time Reversal of Electromagnetic Waves demonstration of time-reversal focusing with electromagnetic waves in a SISO scheme. An antenna transmits a 1 µs

  4. Accurately specifying storm-time ULF wave radial diffusion in the radiation belts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dimitrakoudis, Stavros; Balasis, Georgios; Papadimitriou, Constantinos; Anastasiadis, Anastasios; Daglis, Ioannis A

    2015-01-01

    Ultra-low frequency (ULF) waves can contribute to the transport, acceleration and loss of electrons in the radiation belts through inward and outward diffusion. However, the most appropriate parameters to use to specify the ULF wave diffusion rates are unknown. Empirical representations of diffusion coefficients often use Kp; however, specifications using ULF wave power offer an improved physics-based approach. We use 11 years of ground-based magnetometer array measurements to statistically parameterise the ULF wave power with Kp, solar wind speed, solar wind dynamic pressure and Dst. We find Kp is the best single parameter to specify the statistical ULF wave power driving radial diffusion. Significantly, remarkable high energy tails exist in the ULF wave power distributions when expressed as a function of Dst. Two parameter ULF wave power specifications using Dst as well as Kp provide a better statistical representation of storm-time radial diffusion than any single variable alone.

  5. Design of Millimeter-Wave Power Ampliers in Silicon /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalantari, Nader

    2013-01-01

    1.1 Millimeter-Wave Power Amplifier . . . . . . . . . .ported mm-wave power amplifiers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .GHz Tapered Constructive Wave Power 3.1 Traveling Wave Power

  6. Local energy decay and Strichartz estimates for the wave equation with time-periodic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petkov, Vesselin

    Local energy decay and Strichartz estimates for the wave equation with time-periodic perturbations(z) = (U(T, 0) - z)-1 , (x) C 0 (Rn ), where U(t, s) is the propagator related to the wave equation) and T > 0 is the period. Assuming that R(z) has no poles z with |z| 1, we establish a local energy decay

  7. FIBER-OPTIC PRESSURE SENSOR FOR TIME-OF-FLIGHT MEASUREMENTS IN A SHOCK WAVE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Arlington, University of

    temperatures as encountered in combustors. To ensure high-temperature survivability, such sensors may be bonded the pressure pulse and the time-of-flight (TOF) of a propagating detonation wave for implementation shock tubes

  8. Time-dependent quantum wave packet study of the Ar+H{sub 2}{sup...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Time-dependent quantum wave packet study of the Ar+Hsub 2sup +yieldsArHsup ++H reaction on a new ab initio potential energy surface for the ground electronic state (1sup...

  9. Development of methods to objectively identify time spent using active and motorised modes of travel to work: how do self-reported measures compare?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Panter, Jenna; Costa, Silvia; Dalton, Alice; Jones, Andy; Ogilvie, David

    2014-09-19

    to objectively identify time spent using active and motorised modes of travel to work: how do self-reported measures compare? Jenna Panter 1,2 , Silvia Costa 1,2 , Alice Dalton 2,3 , Andy Jones 2,3 and David Ogilvie 1,2 1 MRC Epidemiology Unit, School... , and surveillance. University of Chicago Law Review 2008, 75:47-74. 14. van Hees VT, Golubic R, Ekelund U, Brage S: Impact of study design on development and evaluation of an activity-type classifier. Journal of Applied Physiology 2013, 114:1042-1051. 15...

  10. Wave Packet with a Resonance I just wanted to tell you how one can study the time evolution of the wave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murayama, Hitoshi

    Wave Packet with a Resonance I just wanted to tell you how one can study the time evolution of the wave packet around the resonance region quite convincingly. This in my mind is the most difficult can extract. The wave function we obtained earlier in the lecture note is (r) rR0(r) = sin(ka+0) sin

  11. Companionship and Altruism in Daily Activity Time Allocation and Travel by Men and Women in the Same Households

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goulias, Konstadinos G

    2007-01-01

    on men's time allocation, it may function as a constraintindicating time allocation of men functions as a strongdaily time allocation and does not function as a constraint

  12. Time-Reversal Invariance and the Relation between Wave Chaos and Classical Chaos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snieder, Roel

    for the corresponding wave system perturbations grow at a much smaller rate algebraically with time ( t). 1 Time such as the heat equation. This means that when we let the clock run backwards rather than forwards field E and the magnetic field B obey in vacuum Maxwell's equations, which contain only the first time

  13. Gravitational wave detection using pulsars: status of the Parkes Pulsar Timing Array project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. B. Hobbs; M. Bailes; N. D. R. Bhat; S. Burke-Spolaor; D. J. Champion; W. Coles; A. Hotan; F. Jenet; L. Kedziora-Chudczer; J. Khoo; K. J. Lee; A. Lommen; R. N. Manchester; J. Reynolds; J. Sarkissian; W. van Straten; S. To; J. P. W. Verbiest; D. Yardley; X. P. You

    2008-12-15

    The first direct detection of gravitational waves may be made through observations of pulsars. The principal aim of pulsar timing array projects being carried out worldwide is to detect ultra-low frequency gravitational waves (f ~ 10^-9 to 10^-8 Hz). Such waves are expected to be caused by coalescing supermassive binary black holes in the cores of merged galaxies. It is also possible that a detectable signal could have been produced in the inflationary era or by cosmic strings. In this paper we review the current status of the Parkes Pulsar Timing Array project (the only such project in the Southern hemisphere) and compare the pulsar timing technique with other forms of gravitational-wave detection such as ground- and space-based interferometer systems.

  14. P- and S- wave tomography of the crust and uppermost mantle in China and surrounding areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Youshun, 1970-

    2005-01-01

    This thesis involves inverting the seismic structure of the crust and uppermost mantle in China from the P- and S-wave travel-time tomography. The main contributions of this research are: 1) introducing the adaptive moving ...

  15. Travelling to Travelling to Paisley Campus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenaway, Alan

    Travelling to Paisley Campus #12;Travelling to Paisley Campus UWS supports students in making sustainable travel choices for their journey to Paisley Campus. If you live within 2 miles of campus save travel information. The campus is well served by public transport links. Paisley Gilmour Street and Canal

  16. Background atmospheric acoustic waves from 0.01 to 0.1 Hz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nishida, Kiwamu

    Background atmospheric acoustic waves from 0.01 to 0.1 Hz K. Nishida(1), Y. Fukao (2), S. Watada (1 observation of them. In at- tempt to detect the long period acoustic waves, we installed a cross array continuous sampling records in a time period. Acoustic waves traveled from around northwest direction from 0

  17. Parameter Identification for Dispersive Dielectrics Using Pulsed Microwave Interrogating Signals and Acoustic Wave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Acoustic Wave Induced Reflections in Two and Three Dimensions H. T. Banks and V. A. Bokil Center and the relaxation time of the Debye medium. In this technique a travelling acoustic pressure wave that is generated. The reflections of the microwave pulse from the air-Debye interface and from the acoustic pressure wave

  18. Travel Reimbursement

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDidDevelopment TopMetathesisSedimentsTechnologies |TotalRadiationTravel

  19. Initial wave packets and the various power-law decreases of scattered wave packets at long times

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manabu Miyamoto

    2004-04-09

    The long time behavior of scattered wave packets $\\psi (x,t)$ from a finite-range potential is investigated, by assuming $\\psi (x,t)$ to be initially located outside the potential. It is then shown that $\\psi (x,t)$ can asymptotically decrease in the various power laws at long time, according to its initial characteristics at small momentum. As an application, we consider the square-barrier potential system and demonstrate that $\\psi (x,t)$ exhibits the asymptotic behavior $t^{-3/2}$, while another behavior like $t^{-5/2}$ can also appear for another $\\psi (x,t)$.

  20. P-WAVE TIME-LAPSE SEISMIC DATA INTERPRETATION AT RULISON FIELD, PICEANCE BASIN, COLORADO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P-WAVE TIME-LAPSE SEISMIC DATA INTERPRETATION AT RULISON FIELD, PICEANCE BASIN, COLORADO by Donald-lapse seismic surveys, shot by the Reservoir Characterization Project in the fall of 2003 and 2004, at Rulison seismic can monitor tight gas reservoirs, to a limited extent, over a short period of time. Repeat surveys

  1. AC Electro-osmotic Flow Induced-charge electro-osmosis, AC pumping of liquids, traveling-wave electro-osmosis.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bazant, Martin Z.

    AC Electro-osmotic Flow Synonyms Induced-charge electro-osmosis, AC pumping of liquids, traveling-charge electro-osmotic flow around electrodes applying an alternating voltage. Overview Classical electrokinetic phenomena, such as electro-osmotic flow and electrophoresis, are linear in the applied voltage and thus

  2. Time- and power-dependent operation of a parametric spin-wave amplifier

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brächer, T.; Heussner, F.; Pirro, P.; Fischer, T.; Geilen, M.; Heinz, B.; Lägel, B.; Serga, A. A.; Hillebrands, B.

    2014-12-08

    We present the experimental observation of the localized amplification of externally excited, propagating spin waves in a transversely in-plane magnetized Ni{sub 81}Fe{sub 19} magnonic waveguide by means of parallel pumping. By employing microfocussed Brillouin light scattering spectroscopy, we analyze the dependency of the amplification on the applied pumping power and on the delay between the input spin-wave packet and the pumping pulse. We show that there are two different operation regimes: At large pumping powers, the spin-wave packet needs to enter the amplifier before the pumping is switched on in order to be amplified while at low powers the spin-wave packet can arrive at any time during the pumping pulse.

  3. Collision of arbitrary strong gravitational and electromagnetic waves in the expanding universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alekseev, G A

    2015-01-01

    A completely analytical model of the process of collision and nonlinear interaction of gravitational and electromagnetic soliton wave pulses and strong electromagnetic travelling waves of arbitrary profiles propagating in the expanding universe (symmetric Kasner space-time) is presented. In contrast to intuitive expectations that rather strong travelling waves can destroy the soliton, it occurs that the soliton survives during its interaction with electromagnetic wave of arbitrary amplitude and profile, but its parameters begin to evolve under the influence of this interaction. If a travelling electromagnetic wave possesses a finite duration, the soliton parameters after interaction take constant values again, but these values in general are different from those before the interaction. Based on exact solutions of Einstein - Maxwell equations, our model demonstrates a series of nonlinear phenomena, such as (a) creation of gravitational waves in the collision of two electromagnetic waves, (b) creation of electr...

  4. Time delay of wave packets during their tunnelling through a quantum diode

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ivanov, N A; Skalozub, V V

    2014-04-28

    A modified saddle-point method is used to investigate the process of propagation of a wave packet through a quantum diode. A scattering matrix is constructed for the structure in question. The case of tunnelling of a packet with a Gaussian envelope through the diode is considered in detail. The time delay and the shape of the wave packet transmitted are calculated. The dependence of the delay time on the characteristics of the input packet and the internal characteristics of the quantum diode is studied. Possible applications of the results obtained are discussed. (laser applications and other topics in quantum electronics)

  5. Activity-based Travel Demand Model with Time-use and Microsimulation incorporating Intra-household Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Hee-Kyung

    2008-01-01

    production function, the optimal allocation of time tofunction, the structural model of household resource allocationfunction. Domestic production model The optimal allocation

  6. The Feasibility of Using Black Widow Pulsars in Pulsar Timing Arrays for Gravitational Wave Detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bochenek, Christopher; Demorest, Paul

    2015-01-01

    In the past five years, approximately one third of the 65 pulsars discovered by radio observations of Fermi unassociated sources are black widow pulsars (BWPs). BWPs are binary millisecond pulsars with companion masses ranging from 0.01-0.1 solar masses which often exhibit radio eclipses. The bloated companions in BWP systems exert small torques on the system causing the orbit to change on small but measurable time scales. Because adding parameters to a timing model reduces sensitivity to a gravitational wave (GW) signal, the need to fit many orbital frequency derivatives to the timing data is potentially problematic for using BWPs to detect GWs with pulsar timing arrays. Using simulated data with up to four orbital frequency derivatives, we show that fitting for orbital frequency derivatives absorbs less than 5% of the low frequency spectrum expected from a stochastic gravitational wave background signal. Furthermore, this result does not change with orbital period. Therefore, we suggest that if timing syste...

  7. DYNAMIC RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION USING P-WAVE SEISMIC TIME-LAPSE AT POSTLE FIELD,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DYNAMIC RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION USING P-WAVE SEISMIC TIME-LAPSE AT POSTLE FIELD, TEXAS COUNTY characterize the reservoir at Postle Field. RCP shot a 6.25 square miles 4D, 9C seismic survey in March 2008.3 to 0.15. Quadrature attribute and seismic inversion-of-difference provide qualitative and quantitative

  8. PHYSICAL REVIEW E 88, 062910 (2013) Nonlinear time reversal of classical waves: Experiment and model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anlage, Steven

    2013-01-01

    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 interpretation of the experimental results. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.88.062910 PACS number(s): 05.45.Vx, 42.25.Dd, allowing a single wave-absorbing receiver to record a single time-reversible sona signal over a long

  9. Exploring the Manifold of Seismic Waves: Application to the Estimation of Arrival-Times

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kye M. Taylor; Michael J. Procopio; Christopher J. Young; Francois G. Meyer

    2010-07-22

    We propose a new method to analyze seismic time series and estimate the arrival-times of seismic waves. Our approach combines two ingredients: the times series are first lifted into a high-dimensional space using time-delay embedding; the resulting phase space is then parametrized using a nonlinear method based on the eigenvectors of the graph Laplacian. We validate our approach using a dataset of seismic events that occurred in Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, and Utah, between 2005 and 2006. Our approach outperforms methods based on singular-spectrum analysis, waveleta nalysis, and STA/LTA.

  10. Exploring the Manifold of Seismic Waves: Application to the Estimation of Arrival-Times

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, K M; Young, C J; Meyer, F G

    2010-01-01

    We propose a new method to analyze seismic time series and estimate the arrival-times of seismic waves. Our approach combines two ingredients: the times series are first lifted into a high-dimensional space using time-delay embedding; the resulting phase space is then parametrized using a nonlinear method based on the eigenvectors of the graph Laplacian. We validate our approach using a dataset of seismic events that occurred in Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, and Utah, between 2005 and 2006. Our approach outperforms methods based on singular-spectrum analysis, waveleta nalysis, and STA/LTA.

  11. A New Derivation of the Time-Dependent Schrödinger Equation from Wave and Matrix Mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luca Nanni

    2015-06-10

    An alternative method is proposed for deriving the time dependent Schroedinger equation from the pictures of wave and matrix mechanics. The derivation is of a mixed classical quantum character, since time is treated as a classical variable, thus avoiding any controversy over its meaning in quantum mechanics. The derivation method proposed in this paper requires no ad hoc assumption and avoids going through a second-order differential equation that can be reduced to the well known time-dependent Schroedinger equation only postulating a complex wavefunction with an exponential time dependence, as did by Schroedinger in its original paper of 1926.

  12. Stress-energy tensor in colliding plane wave space-times: An approximation procedure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miquel Dorca

    1997-11-07

    In a recent work on the quantization of a massless scalar field in a particular colliding plane wave space-time, we computed the vacuum expectation value of the stress-energy tensor on the physical state which corresponds to the Minkowski vacuum before the collision of the waves. We did such a calculation in a region close to both the Killing-Cauchy horizon and the folding singularities that such a space-time contains. In the present paper, we give a suitable approximation procedure to compute this expectation value, in the conformal coupling case, throughout the causal past of the center of the collision. This will allow us to approximately study the evolution of such an expectation value from the beginning of the collision until the formation of the Killing-Cauchy horizon. We start with a null expectation value before the arrival of the waves, which then acquires nonzero values at the beginning of the collision and grows unbounded towards the Killing-Cauchy horizon. The value near the horizon is compatible with our previous result, which means that such an approximation may be applied to other colliding plane wave space-times. Even with this approximation, the initial modes propagated into the interaction region contain a function which cannot be calculated exactly and to ensure the correct regularization of the stress-energy tensor with the point-splitting technique, this function must be given up to adiabatic order four of approximation.

  13. Optical imaging through turbid media with a degenerate four-wave mixing correlation time gate

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sappey, Andrew D. (Golden, CO)

    1998-04-14

    Optical imaging through turbid media is demonstrated using a degenerate four-wave mixing correlation time gate. An apparatus and method for detecting ballistic and/or snake light while rejecting unwanted diffusive light for imaging structures within highly scattering media are described. Degenerate four-wave mixing (DFWM) of a doubled YAG laser in rhodamine 590 is used to provide an ultrafast correlation time gate to discriminate against light that has undergone multiple scattering and therefore has lost memory of the structures within the scattering medium. Images have been obtained of a test cross-hair pattern through highly turbid suspensions of whole milk in water that are opaque to the naked eye, which demonstrates the utility of DFWM for imaging through turbid media. Use of DFWM as an ultrafast time gate for the detection of ballistic and/or snake light in optical mammography is discussed.

  14. QGP time formation in holographic shock waves model of heavy ion collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aref'eva, Irina Ya

    2015-01-01

    We estimate the thermalization time in two colliding shock waves holographic model of heavy-ion collisions. For this purpose we model the process by the Vaidya metric with a horizon defined by the trapped surface location. We consider two bottom-up AdS/QCD models that give, within the colliding shock waves approach, the dependence of multiplicity on the energy compatible with RHIC and LHC results. One model is a bottom-up AdS/QCD confining model and the other is related to an anisotropic thermalization. We estimate the thermalization time and show that increasing the confining potential decreases the thermalization time as well as an anisotropy accelerates the thermalization.

  15. QGP time formation in holographic shock waves model of heavy ion collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Irina Ya. Aref'eva

    2015-03-07

    We estimate the thermalization time in two colliding shock waves holographic model of heavy-ion collisions. For this purpose we model the process by the Vaidya metric with a horizon defined by the trapped surface location. We consider two bottom-up AdS/QCD models that give, within the colliding shock waves approach, the dependence of multiplicity on the energy compatible with RHIC and LHC results. One model is a bottom-up AdS/QCD confining model and the other is related to an anisotropic thermalization. We estimate the thermalization time and show that increasing the confining potential decreases the thermalization time as well as an anisotropy accelerates the thermalization.

  16. Light-travel-time diagnostics in early Supernova spectra: substantial mass loss of the IIb progenitor of SN 2013cu through a superwind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gräfener, G

    2015-01-01

    The progenitors of type-IIb supernovae (SNe) are believed to have lost their H-rich envelopes almost completely in the direct pre-SN phase. Recently the first 'flash spectrum' of a SN IIb (SN2013cu) has been presented, taken early enough to study its immediate circumstellar medium (CSM). Similar to a previous study by Groh (2014) we analyse the structure and chemical composition of the optically-thick CSM using non-LTE model atmospheres. For the first time we take light-travel time (LTT) effects on the spectrum formation into account, which affect the shapes and strengths of the observable emission lines, as well as the inferred SN luminosity. Based on the new CSM parameters we estimate a lower limit of ~0.3Msun for the CSM mass, which is a factor 10-100 higher than previous estimates. The spectral fit implies a CSM in the form of a homogeneous and spherically symmetric superwind whose mass-loss rate exceeds common expectations by up to two orders of magnitude. The derived chemical composition is in agreement...

  17. Astrometric and Light-travel Time Orbits to Detect Low-mass Companions: A Case Study of the Eclipsing System R Canis Majoris

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ignasi Ribas; Frederic Arenou; Edward F. Guinan

    2002-01-10

    We discuss a method to determine orbital properties and masses of low-mass bodies orbiting eclipsing binaries. The analysis combines long-term eclipse timing modulations (light-travel time or LTT effect) with short-term, high-accuracy astrometry. As an illustration of the method, the results of a comprehensive study of Hipparcos astrometry and over a hundred years of eclipse timings of the Algol-type eclipsing binary R Canis Majoris are presented. A simultaneous solution of the astrometry and the LTTs yields an orbital period of P_12=92.8+/-1.3 yr, an LTT semiamplitude of 2574+/-57 s, an angular semi-major axis of a_12=117+/-5 mas, and values of the orbital eccentricity and inclination of e_12=0.49+/-0.05, and i_12=91.7+/-4.7 deg, respectively. Adopting the total mass of R CMa of M_12=1.24+/-0.05 Mo, the mass of the third body is M_3=0.34+/-0.02 Mo and the semi-major axis of its orbit is a_3=18.7+/-1.7 AU. From its mass, the third body is either a dM3-4 star or, more unlikely, a white dwarf. With the upcoming microarcsecond-level astrometric missions, the technique that we discuss can be successfully applied to detect and characterize long-period planetary-size objects and brown dwarfs around eclipsing binaries. Possibilities for extending the method to pulsating variables or stars with transiting planets are briefly addressed.

  18. Symmetries In Evolving Space-time and Their Connection To High-frequency Gravity Wave Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. W. Beckwith

    2008-04-01

    We present how a worm hole bridge from a prior to the present universe allows us to use symmetry arguments which allow us to generate relic gravity waves, and also non massless gravitons. The relic gravitons are produced due to thermal / vacuum energy transferral from a prior universe using a pseudo time dependent version of the Wheeler De Witt equation as presented by Crowell (2005)

  19. Interview Travel

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation CurrentHenryInhibitingInteractive JobsEngagementInternships Full-timeInterview

  20. Field-scale estimation of volumetric water content using ground-penetrating radar ground wave techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hubbard, Susan

    Field-scale estimation of volumetric water content using ground- penetrating radar ground wave] Ground-penetrating radar (GPR) ground wave techniques were applied to estimate soil water content travel time measurements using 900 and 450 MHz antennas and analyzed these data to estimate water content

  1. Research Announcement: Finite-time Blow Up and Long-wave Unstable Thin Film Equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marina Chugunova; M. C. Pugh; Roman M. Taranets

    2010-08-02

    We study short--time existence, long--time existence, finite speed of propagation, and finite--time blow--up of nonnegative solutions for long-wave unstable thin film equations $h_t = -a_0(h^n h_{xxx})_x - a_1(h^m h_x)_x$ with $n>0$, $a_0 > 0$, and $a_1 >0$. The existence and finite speed of propagation results extend those of [Comm Pure Appl Math 51:625--661, 1998]. For $0time. The construction requires that the initial data be nonnegative, compactly supported in $\\R^1$, be in $H^1(\\R^1)$, and have negative energy. The blow-up is proven for a large range of $(n,m)$ exponents and extends the results of [Indiana Univ Math J 49:1323--1366, 2000].

  2. Travel Policy and Procedures

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2006-02-17

    The Order supplements the Federal Travel Regulation as principal source of policy for Federal employee travel and relocation and establishes DOE M 552.1-1A, U.S. Department of Energy Travel Manual, dated 2-17-06, as the DOE repository for supplementary travel requirements information. Cancels DOE O 552.1-1. Canceled by DOE O 552.1A Admin Chg 1.

  3. Travel Policy and Procedures

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2006-02-17

    The Order supplements the Federal Travel Regulation as principal source of policy for Federal employee travel and relocation and establishes DOE M 552.1-1A, U.S. Department of Energy Travel Manual, dated 2-17-06, as the repository for supplementary travel requirements information. Supersedes DOE O 552.1. Admin Chg 1, dated 10-1-08, supersedes DOE O 552.1A.

  4. Travel Policy and Procedures

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2002-09-04

    To supplement the Federal Travel Regulation (41 CFR, Parts 300-304), the principal source of policy for Federal employee travel and relocation matters, and to establish DOE M 552.1-1, U.S. Department of Energy Travel Manual, dated 09-04-02, as the repository for supplementary travel requirements information for the Department of Energy (DOE). Cancels DOE 1500.2A and DOE 1500.4A. Canceled by DOE O 552.1A.

  5. TROBEXIS / AMADEUS Travel Portal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fleming, Andrew J.

    TROBEXIS / AMADEUS Quick Reference Guides ­ Travel Portal University of Newcastle September 2014 #12;Available Quick Reference Guides - 1. Travel Portal Overview 3 2. Trobexis Overview 4 3 of Newcastle - Travel Portal Trobexis.com © 2010 Evolving Spaces (VIC) Pty Ltd and Amadeus IT Group S.A. P a g

  6. Pulse transit time and the pulse wave contour as measured by photoplethysmography: the effect of drugs and exercise 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Payne, Rupert Alistair

    2009-07-07

    Photoplethysmography (PPG) is a simple means of measuring the pulse wave in humans, exploitable for the purposes of timing the arrival of the pulse at a particular point in the arterial tree, and for pulse contour analysis. ...

  7. Water Waves from General, Time-Dependent Surface Pressure Distribution in the Presence of a Shear Current

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yan

    2015-01-01

    We obtain a general solution for the water waves resulting from a general, time-dependent surface pressure distribution, in the presence of a shear current of uniform vorticity beneath the surface, in three dimensions. Linearized governing equations and boundary conditions including the effects of gravity, a distributed external pressure disturbance, and constant finite depth, are solved analytically, and particular attention is paid to classic initial value problems: an initial pressure impulse and a steady pressure distribution which appears suddenly. In the present paper, good agreement with previous results is demonstrated. We subsequently show both analytically and numerically how transient waves from a suddenly appearing steady pressure distribution vanis for large times, and steady ship waves remain. The transient contribution to wave resistance was derived. The results show that a shear current has significant impact on the transient wave motions, resulting in asymmetry between upstream and downstream...

  8. Exact Time-Dependent Nonlinear Dispersive Wave Solutions in Compressible Magnetized Plasmas Exhibiting Collapse

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chakrabarti, Nikhil; Maity, Chandan; Schamel, Hans

    2011-04-08

    Compressional waves in a magnetized plasma of arbitrary resistivity are treated with the Lagrangian fluid approach. An exact nonlinear solution with a nontrivial space and time dependence is obtained with boundary conditions as in Harris' current sheet. The solution shows competition among hydrodynamic convection, magnetic field diffusion, and dispersion. This results in a collapse of density and the magnetic field in the absence of dispersion. The dispersion effects arrest the collapse of density but not of the magnetic field. A possible application is in the early stage of magnetic star formation.

  9. Wave VelocityWave Velocity Diff t f ti l l itDifferent from particle velocity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, S. J. Ben

    Wave VelocityWave Velocity v=/T =f Diff t f ti l l itDifferent from particle velocity Depends on the medium in which the wave travelsDepends on the medium in which the wave travels stringaonvelocity F v of Waves11-8. Types of Waves Transverse wave Longitudinal wave Liu UCD Phy1B 2014 37 #12;Sound Wave

  10. Expected properties of the first gravitational wave signal detected with pulsar timing arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosado, Pablo A; Gair, Jonathan

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we attempt to investigate the nature of the first gravitational wave (GW) signal to be detected by pulsar timing arrays (PTAs): will it be an individual, resolved supermassive black hole binary (SBHB), or a stochastic background made by the superposition of GWs produced by an ensemble of SBHBs? To address this issue, we analyse a broad set of simulations of the cosmological population of SBHBs, that cover the entire parameter space allowed by current electromagnetic observations in an unbiased way. For each simulation, we construct the expected GW signal and identify the loudest individual sources. We then employ appropriate detection statistics to evaluate the relative probability of detecting each type of source as a function of time for a variety of PTAs; we consider the current International PTA (IPTA), and speculate into the era of the Square Kilometre Array (SKA). The main properties of the first detectable individual SBHBs are also investigated. Contrary to previous work, we cast our resu...

  11. Travel Reimbursement Request Form Submit to: Front Desk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Michael R.

    Travel Reimbursement Request Form Submit to: Front Desk Department of Pharmaceutial Sciences 147 expenses) If travel time does not include overnight stay (between 7AM - 8PM), the traveler should not claim before 11 AM and arrival after 2 PM; dinner - departure before 5 PM. PM and arrival after 7 PM NOTE

  12. Official Foreign Travel

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2002-11-08

    To establish Department of Energy (DOE) and National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) requirements and responsibilities governing official foreign travel by Federal and contractor employees. The Page Change 1 to the CRD issued 11-8-02, will expand the requirements for country clearance for contractors to include all official foreign travel, including travel to nonsensitive countries. Cancels DOE O 551.1. Canceled by DOE O 551.1B.

  13. Official Foreign Travel

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2012-04-12

    The order establishes requirements and responsibilities governing official foreign travel by Federal and contractor employees. Cancels DOE O 551.1C.

  14. Official Foreign Travel

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2008-06-24

    The Order sets forth requirements and responsibilities governing official foreign travel by Federal and contractor employees. Cancels DOE O 551.1B.

  15. Beyond receiver functions: Passive source reverse time migration and inverse scattering of converted waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shang, Xuefeng

    We present a wave equation prestack depth migration to image crust and mantle structures using multi-component earthquake data recorded at dense seismograph arrays. Transmitted P and S waves recorded on the surface are ...

  16. Real-time Non-contact Millimeter Wave Characterization of Water-Freezing and Ice-Melting Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woskov, Paul P.

    We applied millimeter wave radiometry for the first time to monitor water-freezing and ice-melting dynamics in real-time non-contact. The measurements were completed at a frequency of 137 GHz. Small amounts (about 2 mL) ...

  17. Official Foreign Travel

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2012-04-02

    The order establishes DOE requirements and responsibilities governing official foreign travel by Federal and contractor employees. The Pg Chg removes the requirement to surrender official passports and replaces it with a process that requires travelers be responsible for safeguarding theirown official passports. Supersedes DOE O 551.1D, dated 4-12-12.

  18. Decoupling vector wave equation, Proca and Maxwell equations in Petrov type N space-times

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koray Düzta?; ?brahim Semiz

    2015-08-23

    In this work we use Newman-Penrose (NP) two-spinor formalism to derive decoupled equations for vector fields in Petrov type N space-times. In the NP formalism, a four vector can be represented by one complex and two real scalars. Then, a decoupled second order differential equation for one of the real scalars can be derived from the vector wave equation if the space-time is of type N. The solution for this scalar can --in principle-- be used to derive decoupled equations for the other scalars. These results can be directly applies to Proca equation for massive vector fields. We also evaluate Maxwell equations in terms of NP complex scalars of electromagnetism. We derive a decoupled second order differential equation for $\\phi_0$, valid in type N space-times. Substituting any solution for $\\phi_0$ in Maxwell equations, leads to two first order differential equations for $\\phi_1$. We show that these first order equations identically satisfy integrability conditions. Thus, any solution for $\\phi_0$ guarantees the existence of a solution for $\\phi_1$, via either of the first order differential equations.

  19. Deep-water gravity waves: theoretical estimating of wave parameters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mindlin, Ilia M

    2014-01-01

    This paper addresses deep-water gravity waves of finite amplitude generated by an initial disturbance to the water. It is assumed that the horizontal dimensions of the initially disturbed body of the water are much larger than the magnitude of the free surface displacement in the origin of the waves. Initially the free surface has not yet been displaced from its equilibrium position, but the velocity field has already become different from zero. This means that the water at rest initially is set in motion suddenly by an impulse. Duration of formation of the wave origin and the maximum water elevation in the origin are estimated using the arrival times of the waves and the maximum wave-heights at certain locations obtained from gauge records at the locations, and the distances between the centre of the origin and each of the locations. For points situated at a long distance from the wave origin, forecast is made for the travel time and wave height at the points. The forecast is based on the data recorded by th...

  20. Transient effects and reconstruction of the energy spectra in the time evolution of transmitted Gaussian wave packets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sergio Cordero; Gaston Garcia-Calderon

    2009-08-24

    We derive an exact analytical solution to the time-dependent Schr\\"odinger equation for transmission of a Gaussian wave packet through an arbitrary potential of finite range. We consider the situation where the initial Gaussian wave packet is sufficiently broad in momentum space to guarantee that the resonance structure of the system is included in the dynamical description. We demonstrate that the transmitted wave packet exhibits a transient behavior which at very large distances and long times may be written as the free evolving Gaussian wave packet solution times the transmission amplitude of the system and hence it reproduces the resonance spectra of the system. This is a novel result that predicts the ultimate fate of the transmitted Gaussian wave packet. We also prove that at a fixed distance and very long times the solution goes as $t^{-3/2}$ which extends to arbitrary finite range potentials previous analysis on this issue. Our results are exemplified for single and multibarrier systems.

  1. Peregrine Rogue Wave dynamics in the continuous nonlinear Schr\\"odinger system with parity-time symmetric Kerr nonlinearity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Samit Kumar

    2015-01-01

    In this work, we have studied the peregrine rogue wave dynamics, with a solitons on finite background (SFB) ansatz, in the recently proposed (Phys. Rev. Lett. 110 (2013) 064105) continuous nonlinear Schrodinger system with parity-time symmetric Kerr nonlinearity. We have found that the continuous nonlinear Schrodinger system with PT-symmetric nonlinearity also admits Peregrine Soliton solution. Motivated by the fact that Peregrine solitons are regarded as prototypical solutions of rogue waves, we have studied Peregrine rogue wave dynamics in the c-PTNLSE model. Upon numerical computation, we observe the appearance of low-intense Kuznetsov-Ma (KM) soliton trains in the absence of transverse shift (unbroken PT-symmetry) and well-localized high-intense Peregrine Rogue waves in the presence of transverse shift (broken PT-symmetry) in a definite parametric regime.

  2. Existence of a directional Stokes drift in asymmetrical three-dimensional travelling gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iooss, Gérard

    , France Lavrentyev Institute of Hydrodynamics, Lavryentyev pr. 15, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia gerard.iooss@unice.fr, plotnikov@hydro.nsc.ru September 4, 2009 Abstract We consider periodic travelling gravity waves], travelling waves exist with an asymptyotic expansion in powers of 1, 2, for nearly all pair of angles made

  3. Time series analysis of Adaptive Optics wave-front sensor telemetry...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    for each subaperture are available. The primary problem is performance comparison of alternative wave-front sensing algorithms. Using direct comparison of data in open loop and...

  4. Official Foreign Travel

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2000-08-25

    To establish Department of Energy (DOE) and National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) requirements and responsibilities governing official foreign travel by Federal and contractor employees. Cancels DOE O 551.1. Canceled by DOE O 551.1B.

  5. Official Foreign Travel

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2000-01-31

    Establishes Department of Energy (DOE) requirements and responsibilities governing official foreign travel by Federal and contract employees. Cancels DOE O 1500.3. Canceled by DOE O 551.1A.

  6. Official Foreign Travel

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2003-08-19

    To establish Department of Energy (DOE) and National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) requirements and responsibilities governing official foreign travel by Federal and contractor employees. Cancels DOE O 551.1A. Canceled by DOE O 551.1C.

  7. The dispersive Alfvn wave in the time-stationary limit with a focus on collisional and warm-plasma effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, Troy

    The dispersive Alfvén wave in the time-stationary limit with a focus on collisional and warm-plasma May 2008 A nonlinear, collisional, two-fluid model of uniform plasma convection across a field showed that, for cold, collisionless plasma D. J. Knudsen, J. Geophys. Res. 101, 10761 1996

  8. Numerical solution of the time dependent Ginzburg-Landau equations for mixed (d + s)-wave superconductors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gonçalves, W. C.; Sardella, E.; UNESP-Universidade Estadual Paulista, IPMet-Instituto de Pesquisas Meteorológicas, CEP 17048-699 Bauru, SP ; Becerra, V. F.; Miloševi?, M. V.; Peeters, F. M.; Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal do Ceará, 60455-900 Fortaleza, Ceará

    2014-04-15

    The time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau formalism for (d + s)-wave superconductors and their representation using auxiliary fields is investigated. By using the link variable method, we then develop suitable discretization of these equations. Numerical simulations are carried out for a mesoscopic superconductor in a homogeneous perpendicular magnetic field which revealed peculiar vortex states.

  9. Pre-Stack Depth Migration and Attribute Analysis of 3-D Time-Lapse P-wave Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pre-Stack Depth Migration and Attribute Analysis of 3-D Time-Lapse P-wave Data Vacuum Field, New the application of Pre-Stack Depth Migration (PSDM) and innovative window-based attribute analysis applied to 4-D seismic data. The data were acquired in Central Vacuum Unit, Lea County, New Mexico by the Reservoir

  10. Expected properties of the first gravitational wave signal detected with pulsar timing arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pablo A. Rosado; Alberto Sesana; Jonathan Gair

    2015-06-22

    In this paper we attempt to investigate the nature of the first gravitational wave (GW) signal to be detected by pulsar timing arrays (PTAs): will it be an individual, resolved supermassive black hole binary (SBHB), or a stochastic background made by the superposition of GWs produced by an ensemble of SBHBs? To address this issue, we analyse a broad set of simulations of the cosmological population of SBHBs, that cover the entire parameter space allowed by current electromagnetic observations in an unbiased way. For each simulation, we construct the expected GW signal and identify the loudest individual sources. We then employ appropriate detection statistics to evaluate the relative probability of detecting each type of source as a function of time for a variety of PTAs; we consider the current International PTA, and speculate into the era of the Square Kilometre Array. The main properties of the first detectable individual SBHBs are also investigated. Contrary to previous work, we cast our results in terms of the detection probability (DP), since the commonly adopted criterion based on a signal-to-noise ratio threshold is statistic-dependent and may result in misleading conclusions for the statistics adopted here. Our results confirm quantitatively that a stochastic signal is more likely to be detected first (with between 75 to 93 per cent probability, depending on the array), but the DP of single-sources is not negligible. Our framework is very flexible and can be easily extended to more realistic arrays and to signal models including environmental coupling and SBHB eccentricity.

  11. On the stability of time-domain integral equations for acoustic wave propagation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charles L. Epstein; Leslie Greengard; Thomas Hagstrom

    2015-04-15

    We give a principled approach for the selection of a boundary integral, retarded potential representation for the solution of scattering problems for the wave equation in an exterior domain.

  12. Short time scale thermal mechanical shock wave propagation in high performance microelectronic packaging configuration 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagaraj, Mahavir

    2004-11-15

    The generalized theory of thermoelasticity was employed to characterize the coupled thermal and mechanical wave propagation in high performance microelectronic packages. Application of a Gaussian heat source of spectral profile similar to high...

  13. Initial Waves from Deformable Submarine Landslides: A Study on the Separation Time and Parameter Relationships 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Shay, Justin

    2012-07-16

    . Estimates of the energy released during a tsunamigenic earthquake and respective tsunami wave draw a clear picture of the efficiency of the tsunami-generating process. However for submarine landslides, this is not as straightforward because the generation...

  14. Zero Energy Travel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Othman Ahmad; Aroland Kiring; Ali Chekima

    2012-10-17

    It is fundamentally possible to travel with zero energy based on Newton Laws of Motion. According to the first law of motion, a body will continue to travel for infinite distance unless it is acted upon by another force. For a body in motion, the force which stops perpetual motion is friction. However, there are many circumstances that friction is zero, for example in space, where there is vacuum. On earth, gravity makes objects to be in constant contact with each other generating friction but technology exists to separate them in the air using powerful magnetic forces. At low speeds, the friction caused by air is minimal but we can create vacuum even on land for high speed travel. Another condition for travelling is for it to stop at its destination. On land, we can recover the kinetic energy back into electrical energy using brushless permanent magnet generators. These generators can also convert electric energy into kinetic energy in order to provide motion. This article reviews technologies that will allow us to travel with zero energy. It is easier to do it on land but in the air, it is not obvious.

  15. A Study of Cooling Time Reduction of Interferometric Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Detectors Using a High-Emissivity Coating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. Sakakibara; N. Kimura; T. Suzuki; K. Yamamoto; D. Chen; S. Koike; C. Tokoku; T. Uchiyama; M. Ohashi; K. Kuroda

    2013-09-19

    In interferometric cryogenic gravitational wave detectors, there are plans to cool mirrors and their suspension systems (payloads) in order to reduce thermal noise, that is, one of the fundamental noise sources. Because of the large payload masses (several hundred kg in total) and their thermal isolation, a cooling time of several months is required. Our calculation shows that a high-emissivity coating (e.g. a diamond-like carbon (DLC) coating) can reduce the cooling time effectively by enhancing radiation heat transfer. Here, we have experimentally verified the effect of the DLC coating on the reduction of the cooling time.

  16. A study of cooling time reduction of interferometric cryogenic gravitational wave detectors using a high-emissivity coating

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sakakibara, Y.; Yamamoto, K.; Chen, D.; Tokoku, C.; Uchiyama, T.; Ohashi, M.; Kuroda, K.; Kimura, N.; Suzuki, T.; Koike, S.

    2014-01-29

    In interferometric cryogenic gravitational wave detectors, there are plans to cool mirrors and their suspension systems (payloads) in order to reduce thermal noise, that is, one of the fundamental noise sources. Because of the large payload masses (several hundred kg in total) and their thermal isolation, a cooling time of several months is required. Our calculation shows that a high-emissivity coating (e.g. a diamond-like carbon (DLC) coating) can reduce the cooling time effectively by enhancing radiation heat transfer. Here, we have experimentally verified the effect of the DLC coating on the reduction of the cooling time.

  17. Travel | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAbout / TransformingTransuranic Waste Retrieval andTravelTravel

  18. P- and S-body wave tomography of the state of Nevada.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Preston, Leiph

    2010-04-01

    P- and S-body wave travel times collected from stations in and near the state of Nevada were inverted for P-wave velocity and the Vp/Vs ratio. These waves consist of Pn, Pg, Sn and Sg, but only the first arriving P and S waves were used in the inversion. Travel times were picked by University of Nevada Reno colleagues and were culled for inclusion in the tomographic inversion. The resulting tomographic model covers the entire state of Nevada to a depth of {approx}90 km; however, only the upper 40 km indicate relatively good resolution. Several features of interest are imaged including the Sierra Nevada, basin structures, and low velocities at depth below Yucca Mountain. These velocity structure images provide valuable information to aide in the interpretation of geothermal resource areas throughout the state on Nevada.

  19. Standing-wave enhanced electroabsorption modulator for 40-GHz optical pulse generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chou, H F; Chiu, Y J; Bowers, J E

    2003-01-01

    pulse generation, simulation, traveling-wave devices. I. IWAVE ENHANCED EAM FOR 40-GHz OPTICAL PULSE GENERATION (a) (Wave Enhanced Electroabsorption Modulator for 40-GHz Optical Pulse Generation

  20. The noise properties of 42 millisecond pulsars from the European Pulsar Timing Array and their impact on gravitational wave searches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caballero, R N; Lentati, L; Desvignes, G; Champion, D J; Verbiest, J P W; Janssen, G H; Stappers, B W; Kramer, M; Lazarus, P; Possenti, A; Tiburzi, C; Perrodin, D; Os?owski, S; Babak, S; Bassa, C G; Brem, P; Burgay, M; Cognard, I; Gair, J R; Graikou, E; Guillemot, L; Hessels, J W T; Karuppusamy, R; Lassus, A; Liu, K; McKee, J; Mingarelli, C M F; Petiteau, A; Purver, M B; Rosado, P A; Sanidas, S; Sesana, A; Shaifullah, G; Smits, R; Taylor, S R; Theureau, G; van Haasteren, R; Vecchio, A

    2015-01-01

    The sensitivity of Pulsar Timing Arrays to gravitational waves depends critically on the noise present in the individual pulsar timing data. Noise may be either intrinsic or extrinsic to the pulsar. Intrinsic sources of noise might come from rotational instabilities, for example. Extrinsic sources of noise include contributions from physical processes which are not sufficiently well modelled, for example, dispersion and scattering effects, analysis errors and instrumental instabilities. We present the results from a noise analysis for 42 millisecond pulsars (MSPs) observed with the European Pulsar Timing Array. For characterising the low-frequency, stochastic and achromatic noise component, or "timing noise", we employ two methods, based on Bayesian and frequentist statistics. For 25 MSPs, we achieve statistically significant measurements of their timing noise parameters and find that the two methods give consistent results. For the remaining 17 MSPs, we place upper limits on the timing noise amplitude at the...

  1. Particle and Wave: Developing the Quantum Wave Accompanying a Classical Particle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. L. Herzenberg

    2008-12-04

    The relationship between classical and quantum mechanics is explored in an intuitive manner by the exercise of constructing a wave in association with a classical particle. Using special relativity, the time coordinate in the frame of reference of a moving particle is expressed in terms of the coordinates in the laboratory frame of reference in order to provide an initial spatiotemporal function to work from in initiating the development of a quantum wave. When temporal periodicity is ascribed to the particle, a provisional spatiotemporal function for a particle travelling at constant velocity manifests itself as an running wave characterized by parameters associated with the moving particle. A wave description for bidirectional motion is generated based on an average time coordinate for a combination of oppositely directed elementary running waves, and the resulting spatiotemporal function exhibits wave behavior characteristic of a standing wave. Ascribing directional orientation to the intrinsic periodicity of the particle introduces directional sub-states; variations in the relative number of sub-states as a function of angle in combined states lead to spatially varying magnitudes for the associated waves. Further analysis leads to full mathematical expression for all waves representing free particle motion. A generalization for particles subject to force fields enables us to develop a governing differential equation identical in form to the Schroedinger equation.

  2. Effects of Personalized Travel Destination Visual Image on Travel Motivation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Gwanggyu 1981-

    2012-11-12

    This study examines the personalization of shown travel destination visual images using professional photography upon travel motivations, feelings, and purchase intentions of consumers in the online environment. The research design was experimental...

  3. Reporting Unofficial Foreign Travel

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2000-12-15

    Establishes requirements for the reporting of unofficial travel to foreign countries by DOE and DOE contractor employees that hold an access authorization (personnel security clearances). DOE N 251.40, dated 5/3/01, extended this directive until 12/31/01.

  4. Zero Energry Travel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Othman; Chekima, Ali

    2011-01-01

    It is fundamentally possible to travel with zero energy based on Newton Laws of Motion. According to the first law of motion, a body will continue to travel for infinite distance unless it is acted upon by another force. For a body in motion, the force which stops perpetual motion is friction. However, there are many circumstances that friction is zero, for example in space, where there is vacuum. On earth, gravity makes objects to be in constant contact with each other generating friction but technology exists to separate them in the air using powerful magnetic forces. At low speeds, the friction caused by air is minimal but we can create vacuum even on land for high speed travel. Another condition for travelling is for it to stop at its destination. On land, we can recover the kinetic energy back into electrical energy using brushless permanent magnet generators. These generators can also convert electric energy into kinetic energy in order to provide motion. This article reviews technologies that will allo...

  5. REGIONAL TRAVEL MAPS Philadelphia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilchrist, James F.

    REGIONAL TRAVEL MAPS 2 hrs. 1 hr. 3 hrs. 4 hrs. 5 hrs. Philadelphia New York City Pittsburgh BostonReadingand Harrisburg 476 476 276 309 309 663 378 309 33 78 80 80 LEHIGH UNIVERSITY Bethlehem Quakertown to Philadelphia Coast including Philadelphia (50 miles south) and New York City (90 miles northeast). Bethlehem

  6. Focusing Waves at Arbitrary Locations in a Ray-Chaotic Enclosure Using Time-Reversed Synthetic Sonas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bo Xiao; Thomas M. Antonsen; Edward Ott; Steven M. Anlage

    2015-06-30

    Time reversal methods are widely used to achieve wave focusing in acoustics and electromagnetics. A typical time reversal experiment requires that a transmitter be initially present at the target focusing point, which limits the application of this technique. In this paper, we propose a method to focus waves at an arbitary location inside a complex enclosure using a numerically calculated wave excitation signal. We use a semi-classical ray algorithm to calculate the signal that would be received at a transceiver port resulting from the injection of a short pulse at the desired target location. The time-reversed version of this signal is then injected into the transceiver port and an approximate reconstruction of the short pulse is created at the target. The quaility of the pulse reconstruction is quantified in three different ways and the values of these metrics are predicted by the statistics of the scattering-parameter $|S_{21}|^2$ between the transceiver and target points in the enclosure. We experimentally demonstrate the method using a flat microwave billiard and quantify the reconstruction quality as a function of enclosure loss, port coupling and other considerations.

  7. Quantum wave packets in space and time and an improved criterion for classical behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. L. Herzenberg

    2009-04-28

    An improved criterion for distinguishing conditions in which classical or quantum behavior occurs is developed by comparing classical and quantum mechanical measures of size while incorporating spatial and temporal restrictions on wave packet formation associated with limitations on spatial extent and duration.

  8. An Exact, Three-Dimensional, Time-Dependent Wave Solution in Local Keplerian Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steven A. Balbus; John F. Hawley

    2006-08-21

    We present an exact three-dimensional wave solution to the shearing sheet equations of motion. The existence of this solution argues against transient amplification as a route to turbulence in unmagnetized disks. Moreover, because the solution covers an extensive dynamical range in wavenumber space, it is an excellent test of the dissipative properties of numerical codes.

  9. Aperture synthesis of time-limited X waves and analysis of their propagation characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Jian-yu

    of Engineering Physics and Mathematics, Faculty of Engineering Cairo University, Giza, Egypt Ioannis M. Besieris of the FWM pulse does not require infinite power. This is the case because as the generating aperture becomes of the aperture increases as (ct)2 . These two effects balance each other and the power of the excitation wave

  10. FURTHER INVESTIGATION OF PARAMETERS AFFECTING WATER HAMMER WAVE ATTENUATION, SHAPE AND TIMING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

    unsteady friction and viscoelastic behaviour of pipe walls are compared with the results of measurements College, London, United Kingdom. The example piping system used for investigating water hammer wave forms. The apparatus is installed in 1 #12;Robin hydraulic laboratory of the Department of Civil and Environmental

  11. Theoretical modeling of propagation of magneto-acoustic waves in magnetic regions below sunspots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Khomenko; A. Kosovichev; M. Collados; K. Parchevsky; V. Olshevsky

    2008-12-10

    We use 2D numerical simulations and eikonal approximation, to study properties of MHD waves traveling below the solar surface through the magnetic structure of sunspots. We consider a series of magnetostatic models of sunspots of different magnetic field strengths, from 10 Mm below the photosphere to the low chromosphere. The purpose of these studies is to quantify the effect of the magnetic field on local helioseismology measurements by modeling waves excited by sub-photospheric sources. Time-distance propagation diagrams and wave travel times are calculated for models of various field strength and compared to the non-magnetic case. The results clearly indicate that the observed time-distance helioseismology signals in sunspot regions correspond to fast MHD waves. The slow MHD waves form a distinctly different pattern in the time-distance diagram, which has not been detected in observations. The numerical results are in good agreement with the solution in the short-wavelength (eikonal) approximation, providing its validation. The frequency dependence of the travel times is in a good qualitative agreement with observations.

  12. Smartmover Travel Guide Think ahead...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birmingham, University of

    ;Sustainable travel Around 26% of CO2 emissions generated in the UK are caused by personal car travel. It is therefore important to consider the impact of your car journeys. The University is committed to reducing its impact on the environment by reducing carbon emissions caused by commuting and business travel. As part

  13. A coherent method for the detection and parameter estimation of continuous gravitational wave signals using a pulsar timing array

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Yan; Mohanty, Soumya D.; Jenet, Fredrick A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Texas at Brownsville, 1 West University Boulevard, Brownsville, TX 78520 (United States)

    2014-11-01

    The use of a high precision pulsar timing array is a promising approach to detecting gravitational waves in the very low frequency regime (10{sup –6}-10{sup –9} Hz) that is complementary to ground-based efforts (e.g., LIGO, Virgo) at high frequencies (?10-10{sup 3} Hz) and space-based ones (e.g., LISA) at low frequencies (10{sup –4}-10{sup –1} Hz). One of the target sources for pulsar timing arrays is individual supermassive black hole binaries which are expected to form in galactic mergers. In this paper, a likelihood-based method for detection and parameter estimation is presented for a monochromatic continuous gravitational wave signal emitted by such a source. The so-called pulsar terms in the signal that arise due to the breakdown of the long-wavelength approximation are explicitly taken into account in this method. In addition, the method accounts for equality and inequality constraints involved in the semi-analytical maximization of the likelihood over a subset of the parameters. The remaining parameters are maximized over numerically using Particle Swarm Optimization. Thus, the method presented here solves the monochromatic continuous wave detection and parameter estimation problem without invoking some of the approximations that have been used in earlier studies.

  14. Time interval measurement device based on surface acoustic wave filter excitation, providing 1 ps precision and stability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Panek, Petr; Prochazka, Ivan [Institute of Photonics and Electronics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Chaberska 57, 182 51 Prague (Czech Republic)

    2007-09-15

    This article deals with the time interval measurement device, which is based on a surface acoustic wave (SAW) filter as a time interpolator. The operating principle is based on the fact that a transversal SAW filter excited by a short pulse can generate a finite signal with highly suppressed spectra outside a narrow frequency band. If the responses to two excitations are sampled at clock ticks, they can be precisely reconstructed from a finite number of samples and then compared so as to determine the time interval between the two excitations. We have designed and constructed a two-channel time interval measurement device which allows independent timing of two events and evaluation of the time interval between them. The device has been constructed using commercially available components. The experimental results proved the concept. We have assessed the single-shot time interval measurement precision of 1.3 ps rms that corresponds to the time of arrival precision of 0.9 ps rms in each channel. The temperature drift of the measured time interval on temperature is lower than 0.5 ps/K, and the long term stability is better than {+-}0.2 ps/h. These are to our knowledge the best values reported for the time interval measurement device. The results are in good agreement with the error budget based on the theoretical analysis.

  15. Travel Reimbursement Request Form Submit to: Front Desk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loudon, Catherine

    Travel Reimbursement Request Form Submit to: Front Desk Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences 147 : Maximum: $71.00 (Itemize meal expenses) If travel time does not include overnight stay (between 7AM - 8PM; lunch - departure before 11 AM and arrival after 2 PM; dinner - departure before 5 PM. PM and arrival

  16. Constraining dark matter late-time energy injection: decays and p-wave annihilations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diamanti, Roberta; Mena, Olga; Palomares-Ruiz, Sergio; Vincent, Aaron C. [Instituto de Física Corpuscular (IFIC), CSIC-Universitat de València, Apartado de Correos 22085, E-46071 Valencia (Spain); Lopez-Honorez, Laura, E-mail: R.Diamanti@uva.nl, E-mail: llopezho@vub.ac.be, E-mail: omena@ific.uv.es, E-mail: sergio.palomares.ruiz@ific.uv.es, E-mail: vincent@ific.uv.es [Theoretische Natuurkunde Vrije Universiteit Brussel and The International Solvay Institutes Pleinlaan 2, B-1050 Brussels (Belgium)

    2014-02-01

    We use the latest cosmic microwave background (CMB) observations to provide updated constraints on the dark matter lifetime as well as on p-wave suppressed annihilation cross sections in the 1 MeV to 1 TeV mass range. In contrast to scenarios with an s-wave dominated annihilation cross section, which mainly affect the CMB close to the last scattering surface, signatures associated with these scenarios essentially appear at low redshifts (z?<50) when structure began to form, and thus manifest at lower multipoles in the CMB power spectrum. We use data from Planck, WMAP9, SPT and ACT, as well as Lyman–? measurements of the matter temperature at z ? 4 to set a 95% confidence level lower bound on the dark matter lifetime of ? 4 × 10{sup 25} s for m{sub ?} = 100 MeV. This bound becomes lower by an order of magnitude at m{sub ?} = 1 TeV due to inefficient energy deposition into the intergalactic medium. We also show that structure formation can enhance the effect of p-wave suppressed annihilation cross sections by many orders of magnitude with respect to the background cosmological rate, although even with this enhancement, CMB constraints are not yet strong enough to reach the thermal relic value of the cross section.

  17. Travel | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFinancialInvestingRenewableTeach and Learn5Shopping forTrainingTravel

  18. HOME U.S. POLITICS WORLD BIZ & TECH HEALTH & SCIENCE ENTERTAINMENT TRAVEL PEOPLE PHOTOS VIDEO BEST & WORST LISTS MAGAZINE Subscribe to Time Give a Gift

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lovley, Derek

    . The next step: creating Geobacter-based fuel cells that can generate cheap, clean electricity. View > The Best Inventions The Electric Microbe BACK NEXT 20 of 52 View All HEADCASE DESIGN FOR TIME Bacteria have always gotten a bad rap. But we should be thankful for one especially talented microbe, Geobacter, which

  19. It is increasingly common for graduates to consider taking time out on completion of their studies. Travelling, volunteering, gap years or flexible working may be just

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    whilst you take stock of your short and long term career objectives. Things to think about: · What do youIt is increasingly common for graduates to consider taking time out on completion of their studies and abroad · Deferring entry to postgraduate study · Researching employers open to the idea of you taking

  20. Abstract--In this study, we analyzed a dataset of time-series vital-signs data collected by standard Propaq travel monitor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abstract--In this study, we analyzed a dataset of time-series vital-signs data collected combination of the automatically-collected and -qualified vital signs provides the best discrimination between of the vital-signs variables, and used the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC AUC

  1. Time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau equations for mixed d- and s-wave superconductors 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, JX; Kim, WK; Ting, CS; Hu, Chia-Ren.

    1998-01-01

    . M. E? liashberg, Zh. E? ksp. Teor. Fiz. 54, 612 ~1968! @ Sov. Phys. JETP 27, 328 ~1968!#. 8 C.-R. Hu and R. S. Thompson, Phys. Rev. B 6, 110 ~1972!. 9 G. M. E? liashberg, Zh. E? ksp. Teor. Fiz. 55, 2443 ~1968! @ Sov. Phys. JETP 28, 1298 ~1969...! equations for coupled s- and d-wave super- conducting order parameters has been recently proposed,5 and used to investigate the dynamics of vortices in high-Tc superconductors. One would very much like to know how valid is such an approach. PRB 580163-1829/98/58~22!/15020~15!/$15.00...

  2. Fusion reaction of halo nuclei: A real-time wave-packet method for three-body tunneling dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Nakatsukasa; M. Ito; K. Yabana; M. Ueda

    2006-05-12

    We investigate fusion cross section of a nucleus with a valence neutron, using the time-dependent wave-packet method. For a stable projectile, in which the valence neutron is tightly bound (e_n fusion probability when the matching condition of orbital energies are satisfied. In contrast, for a halo nucleus, in which the binding energy of the neutron is very small (e_n>-1 MeV), the fusion probability is hindered by the presence of the weakly bound neutron.

  3. Graduate, Undergraduate Student Travel

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunitiesNERSC Getting StartedGraduate, Undergraduate Travel

  4. Emission of Cosmic Radio-waves, $X$- or $?$-rays by Moving Unstable Particles at Late Times

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Urbanowski

    2015-02-11

    A new quantum effect connected with the late time behavior of decaying states is described and its possible observational consequences are analyzed: It is shown that charged unstable particles as well as neutral unstable particles with non--zero magnetic moment which live sufficiently long may emit electromagnetic radiation. This mechanism is due to the nonclassical behavior of unstable particles at late times (at the post exponential time region). Analyzing the transition times region between exponential and non-exponential form of the survival amplitude it is found that the instantaneous energy of the unstable particle can take very large values, much larger than the energy of this state at times from the exponential time region. Based on the results obtained for the model considered, it is shown that this new purely quantum mechanical effect may be responsible for causing unstable particles produced by astrophysical sources and moving with relativistic velocities to emit electromagnetic--, $X$-- or $\\gamma$--rays at some time intervals from the transition time regions.

  5. SOLITARY WAVE INTERACTION IN A COMPACT EQUATION FOR DEEP-WATER GRAVITY WAVES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    SOLITARY WAVE INTERACTION IN A COMPACT EQUATION FOR DEEP-WATER GRAVITY WAVES FRANCESCO FEDELE of the Zakharov equation for unidirectional deep-water waves recently derived by Dyachenko & Zakharov [7-conserving quantities. Key words and phrases. water waves; deep water approximation; Hamiltonian structure; travelling

  6. Travel Time Tomography and Tensor Tomography, III

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plamen Stefanov

    2009-07-31

    Sx M. |?(x, ?)|2?(? · ?) d?(?). For tensors, the “weight” is ?i ?j . We get that the principal symbol in that case is ?p(N)ijkl (x, ?)=2?. Z. Sx M ?i ?j ?k ?l ?(? · ?) d?(?).

  7. Inversion Of Travel Time For Velocity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Willis, M.E.

    1983-01-01

    Common source velocities and borehole compensated (BC) estimates have been used to obtain formation velocity estimates from full waveform acoustic

  8. Stratified Steady Periodic Water Waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samuel Walsh

    2009-02-11

    This paper considers two-dimensional stratified water waves propagating under the force of gravity over an impermeable flat bed and with a free surface. We prove the existence of a global continuum of classical solutions that are periodic and traveling. These waves, moreover, can exhibit large density variation, speed and amplitude.

  9. Frequency domain and time domain analysis of thermoacoustic oscillations with wave-based acoustics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Orchini, A.; Illingworth, S. J.; Juniper, M. P.

    2015-05-14

    Many thermoacoustic systems exhibit rich nonlinear behaviour. Recent studies show that this nonlinear dynamics can be well captured by low-order time domain models that couple a level set kinematic model for a laminar flame, the G-equation, with a...

  10. Short-time-evolved wave functions for solving quantum many-body problems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciftja, O.; Chin, Siu A.

    2003-01-01

    The exact ground state of a strongly interacting quantum many-body system can be obtained by evolving a trial state with finite overlap with the ground state to infinite imaginary time. In many cases, since the convergence is exponential, the system...

  11. A Numerical Method for Computing Time-Periodic Solutions in Dissipative Wave Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Jianke

    . Then this equation is computed in the combined spatiotemporal domain as a boundary value problem by Newton:420­455 C 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc., A Wiley Company. #12;A Numerical Method for Computing Time gain or loss), these coherent structures generally exist as continuous families, parameterized

  12. Instability of large solitary water waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhiwu Lin

    2008-03-03

    We consider the linearized instability of 2D irrotational solitary water waves. The maxima of energy and the travel speed of solitary waves are not obtained at the highest wave, which has a 120 degree angle at the crest. Under the assumption of non-existence of secondary bifurcation which is confirmed numerically, we prove linear instability of solitary waves which are higher than the wave of maximal energy and lower than the wave of maximal travel speed. It is also shown that there exist unstable solitary waves approaching the highest wave. The unstable waves are of large amplitude and therefore this type of instability can not be captured by the approximate models derived under small amplitude assumptions. For the proof, we introduce a family of nonlocal dispersion operators to relate the linear instability problem with the elliptic nature of solitary waves. A continuity argument with a moving kernel formula is used to study these dispersion operators to yield the instability criterion.

  13. Time-reversal and Interferometry with applications to forward modeling of wave propagation and a chapter on receiver functions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Manen, Dirk-Jan

    2006-01-01

    In exploration seismics and non-destructive evaluation, acoustic, elastic and electro-magnetic waves sensitive to inhomogeneities in the medium under investigation are used to probe its interior. Waves multiply scattered ...

  14. Coherent control and time-dependent density functional theory: Towards creation of wave packets by ultrashort laser pulses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raghunathan, Shampa; Nest, Mathias [Theoretische Chemie, TU Muenchen, Lichtenbergstr. 4, 85747 Garching (Germany)

    2012-02-14

    Explicitly time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) is a formally exact theory, which can treat very large systems. However, in practice it is used almost exclusively in the adiabatic approximation and with standard ground state functionals. Therefore, if combined with coherent control theory, it is not clear which control tasks can be achieved reliably, and how this depends on the functionals. In this paper, we continue earlier work in order to establish rules that answer these questions. Specifically, we look at the creation of wave packets by ultrashort laser pulses that contain several excited states. We find that (i) adiabatic TDDFT only works if the system is not driven too far from the ground state, (ii) the permanent dipole moments involved should not differ too much, and (iii) these results are independent of the functional used. Additionally, we find an artifact that produces fluence-dependent excitation energies.

  15. Time series analysis of ionization waves in dc neon glow discharge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hassouba, M. A.; Al-Naggar, H. I.; Al-Naggar, N. M.; Wilke, C. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Benha University (Egypt); Institute of Physics, E. M. A. University, Domstrasse 10a, 17489 Greifswald (Germany)

    2006-07-15

    The dynamics of dc neon glow discharge is examined by calculating a Lyapunov exponent spectrum (LES) and correlation dimension (D{sub corr}) from experimental time series. The embedding theory is used to reconstruct an attractor with the delay coordinate method. The analysis refers to periodic, chaotic, and quasi-periodic attractors. The results obtained are confirmed by a comparison with other methods of time series analysis such as the Fourier power spectrum and autocorrelation function. The main object of the present work is the positive column of a dc neon glow discharge. The positive column is an excellent model for the study of a non-linearity plasma system because it is nonisothermal plasma far from equilibrium.

  16. ORISE: Travelers' Health Campaign | How ORISE is Making a Difference

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Travelers' Health Campaign Travelers' Health Campaign takes critical messages worldwide Travelers' Health Campaign poster Click image to enlarge Traveling can be a dangerous...

  17. QUASI-PERIODIC FAST-MODE WAVE TRAINS WITHIN A GLOBAL EUV WAVE AND SEQUENTIAL TRANSVERSE OSCILLATIONS DETECTED BY SDO/AIA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu Wei; Nitta, Nariaki V.; Aschwanden, Markus J.; Schrijver, Carolus J.; Title, Alan M.; Tarbell, Theodore D.; Ofman, Leon

    2012-07-01

    We present the first unambiguous detection of quasi-periodic wave trains within the broad pulse of a global EUV wave (so-called EIT wave) occurring on the limb. These wave trains, running ahead of the lateral coronal mass ejection (CME) front of 2-4 times slower, coherently travel to distances {approx}> R{sub Sun }/2 along the solar surface, with initial velocities up to 1400 km s{sup -1} decelerating to {approx}650 km s{sup -1}. The rapid expansion of the CME initiated at an elevated height of 110 Mm produces a strong downward and lateral compression, which may play an important role in driving the primary EUV wave and shaping its front forwardly inclined toward the solar surface. The wave trains have a dominant 2 minute periodicity that matches the X-ray flare pulsations, suggesting a causal connection. The arrival of the leading EUV wave front at increasing distances produces an uninterrupted chain sequence of deflections and/or transverse (likely fast kink mode) oscillations of local structures, including a flux-rope coronal cavity and its embedded filament with delayed onsets consistent with the wave travel time at an elevated (by {approx}50%) velocity within it. This suggests that the EUV wave penetrates through a topological separatrix surface into the cavity, unexpected from CME-caused magnetic reconfiguration. These observations, when taken together, provide compelling evidence of the fast-mode MHD wave nature of the primary (outer) fast component of a global EUV wave, running ahead of the secondary (inner) slow component of CME-caused restructuring.

  18. Health and Safety Tips for Traveling Abroad Summer vacation is the time for us to get relaxed and refreshed. To avoid ending up sick in a foreign country, here is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and dairy products. Avoid Insect Bites Some serious infectious diseases such as malaria, dengue fever and yellow fever are transmitted by insect bites. You should always protect yourself from mosquito bites. l to have certain vaccinations such as yellow fever. You can research what vaccinations for travelers

  19. Effect of trapped electron on the dust ion acoustic waves in dusty plasma using time fractional modified Korteweg-de Vries equation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nazari-Golshan, A.; Nourazar, S. S.; Department of Mechanical Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran

    2013-10-15

    The time fractional modified Korteweg-de Vries (TFMKdV) equation is solved to study the nonlinear propagation of small but finite amplitude dust ion-acoustic (DIA) solitary waves in un-magnetized dusty plasma with trapped electrons. The plasma is composed of a cold ion fluid, stationary dust grains, and hot electrons obeying a trapped electron distribution. The TFMKdV equation is derived by using the semi-inverse and Agrawal's methods and then solved by the Laplace Adomian decomposition method. Our results show that the amplitude of the DIA solitary waves increases with the increase of time fractional order ?, the wave velocity v{sub 0}, and the population of the background free electrons ?. However, it is vice-versa for the deviation from isothermality parameter b, which is in agreement with the result obtained previously.

  20. Time-reversed imaging as a diagnostic of wave and particle chaos R. K. Snieder1,2,* and J. A. Scales1,3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snieder, Roel

    chaol- ogy.'' The relation between classical chaos and quantum chaos is not trivial 3 . For classical phenomena 4 . Although many aspects of the relation between classical chaos and quantum chaosTime-reversed imaging as a diagnostic of wave and particle chaos R. K. Snieder1,2,* and J. A

  1. POINTWISE GREEN FUNCTION BOUNDS AND STABILITY OF COMBUSTION WAVES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texier, Benjamin - Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu, Université Paris 7

    POINTWISE GREEN FUNCTION BOUNDS AND STABILITY OF COMBUSTION WAVES GREGORY LYNG, MOHAMMADREZA ROOFI for traveling wave solutions of an abstract viscous combustion model including both Majda's model and the full-wave) approximation. Notably, our results apply to combustion waves of any type: weak or strong, detonations or defla

  2. Chapter 10: Waves Did you read chapter 10

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Gus

    20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 Multiple Choice Scores Frequency Wave concepts Waves are a "disturbance" that travels (usually through a material). They carry energy away from a source. The disturbance with the energy of the wave · loudness (sound) · brightness (light) Amplitude Wave Properties: Frequency

  3. A staggered-grid finite-difference scheme optimized in the time–space domain for modeling scalar-wave propagation in geophysical problems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tan, Sirui; Huang, Lianjie

    2014-11-01

    For modeling scalar-wave propagation in geophysical problems using finite-difference schemes, optimizing the coefficients of the finite-difference operators can reduce numerical dispersion. Most optimized finite-difference schemes for modeling seismic-wave propagation suppress only spatial but not temporal dispersion errors. We develop a novel optimized finite-difference scheme for numerical scalar-wave modeling to control dispersion errors not only in space but also in time. Our optimized scheme is based on a new stencil that contains a few more grid points than the standard stencil. We design an objective function for minimizing relative errors of phase velocities of waves propagating in all directions within a given range of wavenumbers. Dispersion analysis and numerical examples demonstrate that our optimized finite-difference scheme is computationally up to 2.5 times faster than the optimized schemes using the standard stencil to achieve the similar modeling accuracy for a given 2D or 3D problem. Compared with the high-order finite-difference scheme using the same new stencil, our optimized scheme reduces 50 percent of the computational cost to achieve the similar modeling accuracy. This new optimized finite-difference scheme is particularly useful for large-scale 3D scalar-wave modeling and inversion.

  4. On expansion of equal-time relativistic two-body wave equations in powers of 1/c to higher orders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexei Turovsky

    2012-11-29

    Based on an extension of the Foldy--Wouthuysen method to two-body equations, the problem of expansion of equal-time relativistic equations for two Dirac particles in powers of $1/c$ to higher orders is considered. For the case of two particles with unequal masses, the transformed Hamiltonian in a general even-even form is obtained to order $1/c^4$. It is found that certain extra terms, which can be eliminated by an additional unitary transformation, arise in the expansion in higher orders, depending on the order of application of the generating functions in the first iteration. As examples for illustration, the Breit equation and the Salpeter equation with the Breit interaction are taken and their reduction to approximate forms including all the $1/c^{4}$-order terms is carried out using the method under consideration. The obtained results may be applied for the nonrelativistic expansion of two-body wave equations with various interaction potentials to higher orders, for the investigation of their features and symmetries, and may also be useful in the study of light atoms.

  5. Molten metal feed system controlled with a traveling magnetic field

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Praeg, Walter F. (Palos Park, IL)

    1991-01-01

    A continuous metal casting system in which the feed of molten metal is controlled by means of a linear induction motor capable of producing a magnetic traveling wave in a duct that connects a reservoir of molten metal to a caster. The linear induction motor produces a traveling magnetic wave in the duct in opposition to the pressure exerted by the head of molten metal in the reservoir so that p.sub.c =p.sub.g -p.sub.m where p.sub.c is the desired pressure in the caster, p.sub.g is the gravitational pressure in the duct exerted by the force of the head of molten metal in the reservoir, and p.sub.m is the electromagnetic pressure exerted by the force of the magnetic field traveling wave produced by the linear induction motor. The invention also includes feedback loops to the linear induction motor to control the casting pressure in response to measured characteristics of the metal being cast.

  6. Scattering of acoustic waves by a magnetic cylinder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Gizon; L.; S. M. Hanasoge; A. C. Birch

    2008-03-26

    With the aim of studying magnetic effects in time-distance helioseismology, we use the first-order Born approximation to compute the scattering of acoustic plane waves by a magnetic cylinder embedded in a uniform medium. We show, by comparison with the exact solution, that the travel-time shifts computed in the Born approximation are everywhere valid to first order in the ratio of the magnetic to the gas pressures. We also show that, for arbitrary magnetic field strength, the Born approximation is not valid in the limit where the radius of the magnetic cylinder tends to zero.

  7. An alternative approach to exact wave functions for time-dependent coupled oscillator model of charged particle in variable magnetic field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salah Menouar; Mustapha Maamache; Jeong Ryeol Choi

    2010-10-14

    A general treatment of the quantal time-dependent coupled oscillators in presence of the variable magnetic field is presented. The treatment is based on the use of an alternative canonical transformations, time-dependent unitary transformations and the invariant methods. Exact wave functions for Schr\\"{o}dinger equations of this system are constructed.We applied our theory to a particular case and, co,sequently, showed that our results recovers to the perviously known one.

  8. Relating gravitational wave constraints from primordial nucleosynthesis, pulsar timing, laser interferometers, and the CMB: implications for the early universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Latham A. Boyle; Alessandra Buonanno

    2007-08-18

    We derive a general master equation relating the gravitational-wave observables r and Omega_gw(f). Here r is the tensor-to-scalar ratio, constrained by cosmic-microwave-background (CMB) experiments; and Omega_gw(f) is the energy spectrum of primordial gravitational-waves, constrained e.g. by pulsar-timing measurements, laser-interferometer experiments, and Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN). Differentiating the master equation yields a new expression for the tilt d(ln Omega_gw(f))/d(ln f). The relationship between r and Omega_gw(f) depends sensitively on the uncertain physics of the early universe, and we show that this uncertainty may be encapsulated (in a model-independent way) by two quantities: w_hat(f) and nt_hat(f), where nt_hat(f) is a certain logarithmic average over nt(k) (the primordial tensor spectral index); and w_hat(f) is a certain logarithmic average over w_tilde(a) (the effective equation-of-state in the early universe, after horizon re-entry). Here the effective equation-of-state parameter w_tilde(a) is a combination of the ordinary equation-of-state parameter w(a) and the bulk viscosity zeta(a). Thus, by comparing constraints on r and Omega_gw(f), one can obtain (remarkably tight) constraints in the [w_hat(f), nt_hat(f)] plane. In particular, this is the best way to constrain (or detect) the presence of a ``stiff'' energy component (with w > 1/3) in the early universe, prior to BBN. Finally, although most of our analysis does not assume inflation, we point out that if CMB experiments detect a non-zero value for r, then we will immediately obtain (as a free by-product) a new upper bound w_hat < 0.55 on the logarithmically averaged effective equation-of-state parameter during the ``primordial dark age'' between the end of inflation and the start of BBN.

  9. Harmonic oscillator with time-dependent effective-mass and frequency with a possible application to 'chirped tidal' gravitational waves forces affecting interferometric detectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yacob Ben-Aryeh

    2008-07-29

    The general theory of time-dependent frequency and time-dependent mass ('effective mass') is described.The general theory for time-dependent harmonic- oscillator is applied in the present research for studying certain quantum effects in the interferometers for detecting gravitational waves.When an astronomical binary system approaches its point of coalescence the gravitational wave intensity and frequency are increasing and this can lead to strong deviations from the simple description of harmonic-oscillations for the interferometric masses on which the mirrors are placed.It is shown that under such condtions the harmonic-oscillations of these masses can be described by mechanical harmonic-oscillators with time-dependent frequency and effective-mass. In the present theoretical model the effective-mass is decreasing with time describing pumping phenomena in which the oscillator amplitude is increasing with time . The quantization of this system is analyzed by the use of the adiabatic approximation. It is found that the increase of the gravitational wave intensity, within the adiabatic approximation, leads to squeezing phenomena where the quantum noise in one quadrature is increased and in the other quadrature is decreased.

  10. 2001 New York State NHTS: Travel Patterns of Special Populations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hu, Patricia S [ORNL; Reuscher, Tim [ORNL

    2010-03-01

    Policymakers rely on transportation statistics, including data on personal travel behavior, to formulate strategic transportation policies, and to improve the safety and efficiency of the U.S. transportation system. Data on personal travel trends are needed to examine the reliability, efficiency, capacity, and flexibility of the Nation's transportation system to meet current demands and accommodate future demands; to assess the feasibility and efficiency of alternative congestion-alleviating technologies (e.g., high-speed rail, magnetically levitated trains, intelligent vehicle and highway systems); to evaluate the merits of alternative transportation investment programs; and to assess the energy-use and air-quality impacts of various policies. To address these data needs, the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT) initiated an effort in 1969 to collect detailed data on personal travel. The 1969 survey was the first Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey (NPTS). The survey was conducted again in 1977, 1983, 1990, 1995, and 2001. Data on daily travel were collected in 1969, 1977, 1983, 1990 and 1995. Longer-distance travel was collected in 1977 and 1995. The 2001 National Household Travel Survey (NHTS) collected both daily and longer-distance trips in one survey. The 2001 survey was sponsored by three USDOT agencies: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS), and National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). The primary objective of the survey was to collect trip-based data on the nature and characteristics of personal travel so that the relationships between the characteristics of personal travel and the demographics of the traveler can be established. Commercial and institutional travel was not part of the survey. New York State participated in the 2001 NHTS by procuring additional 12,000 sample households. These additional sample households allowed New York State to address transportation planning issues pertinent to geographic areas that are significantly smaller than what the national NHTS data allowed. The final sample size for New York State was 13,423 usable households. In this report, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) identifies and analyzes differences, if any, in travel patterns that are attributable to demographic characteristics (e.g., gender, age, race and ethnicity), household characteristics (e.g., low income households, zero and one car households), modal characteristics and geographic location. Travel patterns of those who work at home are examined and compared to those of conventional workers, as well as those who do not work. Focus is given to trip frequency, travel by time of day, trip purpose, and mode choice. For example, included in this analysis is the mobility of the elderly population in New York State. The American society is undergoing a major demographic transformation that is resulting in a greater percentage of older individuals in the population. In addition to demographic changes, recent travel surveys show that an increasing number of older individuals are licensed to drive and that they drive more than their same age cohort did a decade ago. Cohort differences in driving are particularly apparent - not only are more of today's elderly population licensed to drive than their age cohort two decades ago, they also drive more. Equally important are the increase in immigration and in racial and cultural diversity. This report also discusses vehicle availability, socioeconomic characteristics, travel trends (e.g., miles travelled, distance driven, commute patterns), and the transportation accessibility of these populations. Specifically, this report addresses in detail the travel behavior of the following special populations: (1) the elderly, defined as those who were 65 years old or older, (2) low-income households, (3) ethnic groups and immigrants, and (4) those who worked at home.

  11. Does Neighborhood Design Influence Travel? A Behavioral Analysis of Travel Diary and GIS Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crane, Randall; Crepeau, Richard

    1998-01-01

    Analysis of Travel Diary and GIS Data R andall Crane 1Analysis of Travel Diary and GIS Data ? Randall Craneof household travel diary and GIS data for San Diego finds

  12. Spatiotemporal synchronization of drift waves in a magnetron sputtering plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martines, E.; Zuin, M.; Cavazzana, R.; Antoni, V.; Serianni, G.; Spolaore, M.; Vianello, N. [Consorzio RFX, Padova (Italy); Adámek, J. [Institute of Plasma Physics AS CR, Prague (Czech Republic)

    2014-10-15

    A feedforward scheme is applied for drift waves control in a magnetized magnetron sputtering plasma. A system of driven electrodes collecting electron current in a limited region of the explored plasma is used to interact with unstable drift waves. Drift waves actually appear as electrostatic modes characterized by discrete wavelengths of the order of few centimeters and frequencies of about 100 kHz. The effect of external quasi-periodic, both in time and space, travelling perturbations is studied. Particular emphasis is given to the role played by the phase relation between the natural and the imposed fluctuations. It is observed that it is possible by means of localized electrodes, collecting currents which are negligible with respect to those flowing in the plasma, to transfer energy to one single mode and to reduce that associated to the others. Due to the weakness of the external action, only partial control has been achieved.

  13. NADIM-Travel: A Multiagent Platform for Travel Services Aggregation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kropf, Peter

    information overload has long been an issue in tourism (Hwang et al. 2002), new technologies and business procedures are changing the way this information is accessible. As a consequence, travel agents and tourism information. MAPWeb (Camacho et al. 2001) for example is a multiagent planning and Web information

  14. Developing regionalized models of lithospheric thickness and velocity structure across Eurasia and the Middle East from jointly inverting P-wave and S-wave receiver functions with Rayleigh wave group and phase velocities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Julia, J; Nyblade, A; Hansen, S; Rodgers, A; Matzel, E

    2009-07-06

    In this project, we are developing models of lithospheric structure for a wide variety of tectonic regions throughout Eurasia and the Middle East by regionalizing 1D velocity models obtained by jointly inverting P-wave and S-wave receiver functions with Rayleigh wave group and phase velocities. We expect the regionalized velocity models will improve our ability to predict travel-times for local and regional phases, such as Pg, Pn, Sn and Lg, as well as travel-times for body-waves at upper mantle triplication distances in both seismic and aseismic regions of Eurasia and the Middle East. We anticipate the models will help inform and strengthen ongoing and future efforts within the NNSA labs to develop 3D velocity models for Eurasia and the Middle East, and will assist in obtaining model-based predictions where no empirical data are available and for improving locations from sparse networks using kriging. The codes needed to conduct the joint inversion of P-wave receiver functions (PRFs), S-wave receiver functions (SRFs), and dispersion velocities have already been assembled as part of ongoing research on lithospheric structure in Africa. The methodology has been tested with synthetic 'data' and case studies have been investigated with data collected at an open broadband stations in South Africa. PRFs constrain the size and S-P travel-time of seismic discontinuities in the crust and uppermost mantle, SRFs constrain the size and P-S travel-time of the lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary, and dispersion velocities constrain average S-wave velocity within frequency-dependent depth-ranges. Preliminary results show that the combination yields integrated 1D velocity models local to the recording station, where the discontinuities constrained by the receiver functions are superimposed to a background velocity model constrained by the dispersion velocities. In our first year of this project we will (i) generate 1D velocity models for open broadband seismic stations in the western half of the study area (Eurasia and the Middle East) and (ii) identify well located seismic events with event-station paths isolated to individual tectonic provinces within the study area and collect broadband waveforms and source parameters for the selected events. The 1D models obtained from the joint inversion will then be combined with published geologic terrain maps to produce regionalized models for distinctive tectonic areas within the study area, and the models will be validated through full waveform modeling of well-located seismic events recorded at local and regional distances.

  15. ACCESSING ROAD TRAVEL REPORTS The safest traveler is the well-informed traveler. While road safety conditions in a country affect that country's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    ACCESSING ROAD TRAVEL REPORTS The safest traveler is the well-informed traveler. While road safety of countries will appear and you can view each road travel report by clicking "Download Now". #12;

  16. Wave Particles Cem Yuksel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keyser, John

    Wave Particles Cem Yuksel Computer Science Texas A&M University Donald H. House Visualization captured from our real-time simulation system (approximately 100,000 wave particles) Abstract We present a new method for the real-time simulation of fluid sur- face waves and their interactions with floating

  17. A Mathematics Education Researcher's Travels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belding, Juliana

    A Mathematics Education Researcher's Travels: Perspectives on Mathematics Education Research from Academia, Government, and Professional Societies Karen D. King, PhD Association of Women in Mathematics for the Intersections of Mathematics and Mathematics Education Perspectives from my past that echo today Current

  18. Travel Pcard Reconciliation Main Campus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Mexico, University of

    Travel Pcard Reconciliation Manual Main Campus Version 1.0 January 2015 Contact Information Unrestricted Accounting ­ Main Campus MSC 01 1260 STAFF: Lisa Wirth-Fiscal Services Tech Ph. # 277-2019 wirthl accounting offices (Contracts and Grants-Main Campus, Unrestricted Accounting-Main Campus, Contracts

  19. Shock wave compression of hexagonal-close-packed metal single crystals: Time-dependent, anisotropic elastic-plastic response of beryllium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Winey, J. M.; Gupta, Y. M.

    2014-07-21

    Understanding and modeling the response of hcp metals to high stress impulsive loading is challenging because the lower crystal symmetry, compared to cubic metals, results in a significantly more complex material response. To gain insight into the inelastic deformation of hcp metals subjected to high dynamic stresses, shock wave compression of single crystals provides a useful approach because different inelastic deformation mechanisms can be examined selectively by shock compression along different crystal orientations. As a representative example, we report, here, on wave propagation simulations for beryllium (Be) single crystals shocked along the c-axis, a-axis, and several low-symmetry directions to peak stresses reaching 7?GPa. The simulations utilized a time-dependent, anisotropic material model that incorporated dislocation dynamics, deformation twinning, and shear cracking based descriptions of inelastic deformation. The simulation results showed good overall agreement with measured wave profiles for all the different crystal orientations examined [Pope and Johnson, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 720 (1975)], including features arising from wave mode coupling due to the highly anisotropic inelastic response of Be. This good agreement demonstrates that the measured profiles can be understood in terms of dislocation slip along basal, prismatic, and pyramidal planes, together with deformation twinning along (101{sup ¯}2) planes. Our results show that the response of shocked Be single crystals involves the simultaneous operation of multiple, distinct inelastic deformation mechanisms for all orientations except the c-axis. For shocked c-axis Be, the measured wave profiles do not provide good discrimination between pyramidal slip and other inelastic deformation mechanisms, such as shear cracking. The findings presented here provide insight into the complex inelastic deformation response of shocked Be single crystals and are expected to be useful for other hcp crystals. More broadly, the present work demonstrates the potential of shock wave propagation along low-symmetry directions to examine, and discriminate between, different inelastic deformation mechanisms in crystalline solids.

  20. Anomalous shear wave delays and surface wave velocities at Yellowstone Caldera, Wyoming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniel, R.G.; Boore, D.M.

    1982-04-10

    To investigate the effects of a geothermal area on the propagation of intermediate-period (1--30 s) teleseismic body waves and surface waves, a specially designed portable seismograph system was operated in Yellowstone Caldera, Wyoming. Travel time residuals, relative to a station outside the caldera, of up to 2 s for compressional phases are in agreement with short-period residuals for P phases measured by other investigators. Travel time delays for shear arrivals in the intermediate-period band range from 2 to 9 s and decrease with increasing dT/d..delta... Measured Rayleigh wave phase velocities are extremely low, ranging from 3.2 km/s at 27-s period to 2.0 km/s at 7-s period; the estimated uncertainty associated with these values is 15%. We propose a model for compressional and shear velocities and Poisson's ratio beneath the Yellowstone caldera which fits the teleseismic body and surface wave data: it consists of a highly anomalous crust with an average shear velocity of 3.0 km/s overlying an upper mantle with average velocity of 4.1 km/s. The high average value of Poisson's ratio in the crust (0.34) suggests the presence of fluids there; Poisson's ratio in the mantle between 40 and approximately 200 km is more nearly normal (0.29) than in the crust. A discrepancy between normal values of Poisson's ratio in the crust calculated from short-period data and high values calculated from teleseismic data can be resolved by postulating a viscoelastic crustal model with frequency-dependent shear velocity and attenuation.

  1. Quantifying the {sup 12}C+{sup 12}C sub-Coulomb fusion with the time-dependent wave-packet method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diaz-Torres, Alexis; Wiescher, Michael

    2012-10-20

    This contribution provides a preliminary study of the {sup 12}C+{sup 12}C sub-Coulomb fusion reaction using the time-dependent wave-packet method within a nuclear molecular picture. The theoretical sub-Coulomb fusion resonances seem to correspond well with observations. The present method might be a more suitable tool for expanding the cross-section predictions towards lower energies than the commonly used potential-model approximation.

  2. Improving the analysis and inversion of multimode Rayleigh-wave dispersion by using group-delay time information observed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duputel, Zacharie

    tractable on a common field computer, to constrain the 1D vertical profile of shear velocities, and static seismic corrections in shear-wave profiling e.g., Mari, 1984 . MASW is based on a frequency multimode dispersion data. Several methods have been de- veloped to isolate the different modes from seismic

  3. Seattle Smart Traveler D. J. Dailey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seattle Smart Traveler D. J. Dailey Assistant Professsor, Research (206) 543-2493 D. Loseff SST, October 14-18, 1996, Orlando, Florida #12;ABSTRACT Seattle Smart Traveler (SST) is a world wide web (WWW-based contact methodologies. INTRODUCTION Seattle Smart Traveler (SST) is a Federal Highway Administration field

  4. Time-periodic solutions of the Benjamin-Ono equation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ambrose , D.M.; Wilkening, Jon

    2008-04-01

    We present a spectrally accurate numerical method for finding non-trivial time-periodic solutions of non-linear partial differential equations. The method is based on minimizing a functional (of the initial condition and the period) that is positive unless the solution is periodic, in which case it is zero. We solve an adjoint PDE to compute the gradient of this functional with respect to the initial condition. We include additional terms in the functional to specify the free parameters, which, in the case of the Benjamin-Ono equation, are the mean, a spatial phase, a temporal phase and the real part of one of the Fourier modes at t = 0. We use our method to study global paths of non-trivial time-periodic solutions connecting stationary and traveling waves of the Benjamin-Ono equation. As a starting guess for each path, we compute periodic solutions of the linearized problem by solving an infinite dimensional eigenvalue problem in closed form. We then use our numerical method to continue these solutions beyond the realm of linear theory until another traveling wave is reached (or until the solution blows up). By experimentation with data fitting, we identify the analytical form of the solutions on the path connecting the one-hump stationary solution to the two-hump traveling wave. We then derive exact formulas for these solutions by explicitly solving the system of ODE's governing the evolution of solitons using the ansatz suggested by the numerical simulations.

  5. Understanding the differences in the development and use of advanced traveler information systems for vehicles (ATIS/V) in the U.S., Germany, and Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sugawara, Yoshihiko

    2007-01-01

    Traffic congestion is becoming a serious problem. As a solution, advanced traveler information systems (ATIS) mitigate traffic congestion by providing real-time traffic information to travelers. ATIS includes various ...

  6. Developing de Broglie Wave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J X Zheng-Johansson; P-I Johansson

    2006-08-27

    The electromagnetic component waves, comprising together with their generating oscillatory massless charge a material particle, will be Doppler shifted when the charge hence particle is in motion, with a velocity $v$, as a mere mechanical consequence of the source motion. We illustrate here that two such component waves generated in opposite directions and propagating at speed $c$ between walls in a one-dimensional box, superpose into a traveling beat wave of wavelength ${\\mit\\Lambda}_d$$=(\\frac{v}{c}){\\mit\\Lambda}$ and phase velocity $c^2/v+v$ which resembles directly L. de Broglie's hypothetic phase wave. This phase wave in terms of transporting the particle mass at the speed $v$ and angular frequency ${\\mit\\Omega}_d=2\\pi v /{\\mit\\Lambda}_d$, with ${\\mit\\Lambda}_d$ and ${\\mit\\Omega}_d$ obeying the de Broglie relations, represents a de Broglie wave. The standing-wave function of the de Broglie (phase) wave and its variables for particle dynamics in small geometries are equivalent to the eigen-state solutions to Schr\\"odinger equation of an identical system.

  7. Unimodal wave trains and solitons in convex FPU chains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Herrmann

    2009-01-23

    We consider atomic chains with nearest neighbour interactions and study periodic and homoclinic travelling waves which are called wave trains and solitons, respectively. Our main result is a new existence proof which relies on the constrained maximisation of the potential energy and exploits the invariance properties of an improvement operator. The approach is restricted to convex interaction potentials but refines the standard results as it provides the existence of travelling waves with unimodal and even profile functions. Moreover, we discuss the numerical approximation and complete localization of wave trains, and show that wave trains converge to solitons when the periodicity length tends to infinity.

  8. Geometrical vs wave optics under gravitational waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raymond Angélil; Prasenjit Saha

    2015-05-20

    We present some new derivations of the effect of a plane gravitational wave on a light ray. A simple interpretation of the results is that a gravitational wave causes a phase modulation of electromagnetic waves. We arrive at this picture from two contrasting directions, namely null geodesics and Maxwell's equations, or, geometric and wave optics. Under geometric optics, we express the geodesic equations in Hamiltonian form and solve perturbatively for the effect of gravitational waves. We find that the well-known time-delay formula for light generalizes trivially to massive particles. We also recover, by way of a Hamilton-Jacobi equation, the phase modulation obtained under wave optics. Turning then to wave optics - rather than solving Maxwell's equations directly for the fields, as in most previous approaches - we derive a perturbed wave equation (perturbed by the gravitational wave) for the electromagnetic four-potential. From this wave equation it follows that the four-potential and the electric and magnetic fields all experience the same phase modulation. Applying such a phase modulation to a superposition of plane waves corresponding to a Gaussian wave packet leads to time delays.

  9. An investigation of induced travel at mixed-use developments 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sperry, Benjamin Robert

    2009-05-15

    information about two trips made by the respondent, including whether the trip made at the time of the interview was induced. A trip was considered induced if the respondent would not have made the trip if it had required travel outside of Legacy Town Center...

  10. Shock wave propagation in composites and active Vinamra Agrawal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shyamasundar, R.K.

    Shock wave propagation in composites and active Vinamra Agrawal California Institute of Technology Under the application of high strain rate loading, like impact of a projectile on a target, shock waves travel through a material. These waves are characterized as a discontinuity propagating through

  11. Linear water waves with vorticity: rotational features and particle paths

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mats Ehrnstrom; Gabriele Villari

    2007-12-04

    Steady linear gravity waves of small amplitude travelling on a current of constant vorticity are found. For negative vorticity we show the appearance of internal waves and vortices, wherein the particle trajectories are not any more closed ellipses. For positive vorticity the situation resembles that of Stokes waves, but for large vorticity the trajectories are affected.

  12. The Wave Digital Tonehole Model Maarten van Walstijn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith III, Julius Orion

    The Wave Digital Tonehole Model Maarten van Walstijn Faculty of Music, University of Edinburgh 12 with the use of wave digital filter techniques. INTRODUCTION Physical modelling of woodwind instruments of any physically and musically feasible dimensions, 2) can be applied in the efficient travelling-wave

  13. Numerical Exercises Course Applied Finite Elements 2012 Tsunami Wave Amplification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Hanbali, Ahmad

    waves seen on our car window as ripples on water sheets during heavy rain are also shallow water waves-Dimensional Linear Shallow Water Equations Linear shallow water equations (LSWE) describe the the motion of waves travelling on the free surface of a liquid, such as sea water. They govern the motion of small

  14. Gravitational Waves around a Naked Singularity -- Odd-Parity Perturbation of Lemaitre-Tolman-Bondi Space-Time --

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hideo Iguchi; Ken-ichi Nakao; Tomohiro Harada

    1998-04-06

    The motion of a spherical dust cloud is described by the Lemaitre-Tolman-Bondi solution and is completely specified by initial values of distributions of the rest mass density and specific energy of the dust fluid. From generic initial conditions of this spherically symmetric collapse, there appears a naked singularity at the symmetric center in the course of the gravitational collapse of the dust cloud. So this might be a counter example to the cosmic censorship hypothesis. To investigate the genericity of this example, we examine the stability of the `nakedness' of this singularity against odd-parity modes of non-spherical linear perturbations for the metric, i.e., linear gravitational waves. We find that the perturbations do not diverge but are well-behaved even in the neighborhood of the central naked singularity. This means that the naked singularity formation process is marginally stable against the odd-parity modes of linear gravitational waves.

  15. Creating More Credible and Likable Travel Recommender Systems: The Influence of Virtual Agents on Travel Recommender System Evaluation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, Kyung Hyan

    2011-08-08

    To help online trip planners, some online travel agencies and travel service providers have adopted travel recommender systems. Although these systems are expected to support travelers in complex decision-making processes, ...

  16. Preventing transition to turbulence using streamwise traveling waves: theoretical analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jovanovic, Mihailo

    . INTRODUCTION Fluid motion is usually classified as either laminar or turbulent; flows that are smooth force on a vehicle moving through a fluid in the laminar regime. Sensorless flow control represents and ordered (laminar) may become complex and disordered (turbulent) as the flow strength increases

  17. Traveling-Wave Thermoacoustic Engines With Internal Combustion

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Weiland, Nathan Thomas (Blacksburg, VA); Zinn, Ben T. (Atlanta, GA); Swift, Gregory William (Sante Fe, NM)

    2004-05-11

    Thermoacoustic devices are disclosed wherein, for some embodiments, a combustion zone provides heat to a regenerator using a mean flow of compressible fluid. In other embodiments, burning of a combustible mixture within the combustion zone is pulsed in phase with the acoustic pressure oscillations to increase acoustic power output. In an example embodiment, the combustion zone and the regenerator are thermally insulated from other components within the thermoacoustic device.

  18. Traveling Waves with Paraboloid Like Interfaces for Balanced Bistable Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamel, François

    University 88, S-4, Ting Chou Road, Taipei 116, Taiwan c Universit´e Aix-Marseille III, LATP (UMR CNRS 6632 e Laboratoire M.I.P. (UMR CNRS 5640) and Institut Universitaire de France Universit´e Paul Sabatier

  19. Generation of 1.5-um band time-bin entanglement using spontaneous fiber four-wave mixing and planar lightwave circuit interferometers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiroki Takesue; Kyo Inoue

    2005-08-29

    This paper reports 1.5-um band time-bin entanglement generation. We employed a spontaneous four-wave mixing process in a dispersion shifted fiber, with which correlated photon pairs with very narrow bandwidths were generated efficiently. To observe two-photon interference, we used planar lightwave circuit based interferometers that were operated stably without feedback control. As a result, we obtained coincidence fringes with 99 % visibilities after subtracting accidental coincidences, and successfully distributed entangled photons over 20-km standard single-mode fiber without any deterioration in the quantum correlation.

  20. SRI2007 Conference - Travel Tips

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein1-0845*RV6 Commercial value of4 Hidden1999 HomeTravel

  1. Travel Policy | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With U.S.WeekProducts >TransportationEHSS A-Z SitePolicy Travel

  2. 2011 Waves -1 STANDING WAVES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gustafsson, Torgny

    2011 Waves - 1 STANDING WAVES ON A STRING The objectives of the experiment are: · To show that standing waves can be set up on a string. · To determine the velocity of a standing wave. · To understand of waves. A #12;2011 Waves - 2 A standing wave is caused by superposing two similar (same frequency

  3. Chemical Wave Packet Propagation, Reflection, and Spreading Lingfa Yang and Irving R. Epstein*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Lingfa

    Chemical Wave Packet Propagation, Reflection, and Spreading Lingfa Yang and Irving R. Epstein 02454-9110 ReceiVed: May 8, 2002; In Final Form: July 10, 2002 Chemical waves can travel in well-defined packets. Two types of phase wave packets, distinguished by whether their component waves move toward

  4. SC-1, S-2: Standing Waves and Sound Name_______________________ Lab Worksheet Group member names__________________________________

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winokur, Michael

    SC-1, S-2: Standing Waves and Sound Name_______________________ Lab Worksheet Group member names. SC-1 Transverse Standing Waves on Strings: In this lab you will do Procedures I and II about to help you visualize how standing waves are generated by the superposition two traveling waves. Procedure

  5. Dissipative electromagnetic solitary waves in collisional plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borhanian, Jafar [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, P.O.Box 179, Ardabil (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2012-08-15

    The propagation of linearly polarized electromagnetic (EM) waves in a collisional plasma is studied using multiple scale perturbation technique in a weakly nonlinear regime. A complex linear dispersion relation and a complex group velocity are obtained for EM waves propagating in a plasma and their dependence on system parameters is investigated. It is shown that the amplitude of EM pulse is governed by an envelope equation similar to a cubic complex Ginzburg-Landau equation. A traveling bright solitary wave solution for envelope equation is found, its existence condition in parameter space is explored and variation of its profile with system parameters is manipulated. Monitoring temporal evolution of traveling solitary wave solution provides more insight into the nature of this solution and ensures that depending on the parameters of the system, solitary wave solution may behave like a stationary soliton or may exhibit the behavior of a breathing soliton.

  6. An investigation of the information needs of air passengers traveling to the airport 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burdette, Debra Arlene

    2000-01-01

    and thus would have adequate time to evaluate their options. Finally, based on the survey results, air passengers indicated they would prefer to use e-mail, pagers, telephones, and the Internet when making future travel information inquiries...

  7. Middletown, Connecticut 06459 Ebola Travel Advisory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Ellen

    community to refrain from nonessential travel to Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone returning to the state from Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. It is important

  8. Jefferson Lab Visitor's Center - Travel Accommodations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Travel Accommodations While visiting or working at JLab there are many options for living accommodations. These options vary depending upon the expected length of stay,...

  9. JACK & LAURA DANGERMOND GEOGRAPHY TRAVEL SCHOLARSHIP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    JACK & LAURA DANGERMOND GEOGRAPHY TRAVEL SCHOLARSHIP APPLICATION FORM NAME PERM _______ E-MAIL DATE ___ Terms of the Award: · Applicant must be a currently registered Geography graduate student. · Applicant

  10. Constraints on cosmic string tension imposed by the limit on the stochastic gravitational wave background from the European Pulsar Timing Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. A. Sanidas; R. A. Battye; B. W. Stappers

    2012-05-31

    We investigate the constraints that can be placed on the cosmic string tension by using the current Pulsar Timing Array limits on the stochastic gravitational wave background (SGWB). We have developed a code to compute the spectrum of gravitational waves (GWs) based on the widely accepted one-scale model. In its simplest form the one-scale model allows one to vary: (i) the string tension, G\\mu/c^2; (ii) the size of cosmic string loops relative to the horizon at birth, \\alpha; (iii) the spectral index of the emission spectrum, q; (iv) the cut-off in the emission spectrum, n_*; and (v) the intercommutation probability, p. The amplitude and slope of the spectrum in the nHz frequency range is very sensitive to these unknown parameters. We have also investigated the impact of more complicated scenarios with multiple initial loop sizes, in particular the 2-\\alpha models proposed in the literature and a log-normal distribution for \\alpha. We have computed the constraint on G\\mu/c^2 due to the limit on a SGWB imposed by data from the European Pulsar Timing Array. Taking into account all the possible uncertainties in the parameters we find a conservative upper limit of G\\mu/c^2Array for Pulsars and the Square Kilometre Array.

  11. Tube-wave seismic imaging

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Korneev, Valeri A. (Lafayette, CA); Bakulin, Andrey (Houston, TX)

    2009-10-13

    The detailed analysis of cross well seismic data for a gas reservoir in Texas revealed two newly detected seismic wave effects, recorded approximately 2000 feet above the reservoir. A tube-wave (150) is initiated in a source well (110) by a source (111), travels in the source well (110), is coupled to a geological feature (140), propagates (151) through the geological feature (140), is coupled back to a tube-wave (152) at a receiver well (120), and is and received by receiver(s) (121) in either the same (110) or a different receiving well (120). The tube-wave has been shown to be extremely sensitive to changes in reservoir characteristics. Tube-waves appear to couple most effectively to reservoirs where the well casing is perforated, allowing direct fluid contact from the interior of a well case to the reservoir.

  12. Tube-wave seismic imaging

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Korneev, Valeri A [LaFayette, CA

    2009-05-05

    The detailed analysis of cross well seismic data for a gas reservoir in Texas revealed two newly detected seismic wave effects, recorded approximately 2000 feet above the reservoir. A tube-wave (150) is initiated in a source well (110) by a source (111), travels in the source well (110), is coupled to a geological feature (140), propagates (151) through the geological feature (140), is coupled back to a tube-wave (152) at a receiver well (120), and is and received by receiver(s) (121) in either the same (110) or a different receiving well (120). The tube-wave has been shown to be extremely sensitive to changes in reservoir characteristics. Tube-waves appear to couple most effectively to reservoirs where the well casing is perforated, allowing direct fluid contact from the interior of a well case to the reservoir.

  13. Time machines and quantum theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mark J Hadley

    2006-12-02

    There is a deep structural link between acausal spacetimes and quantum theory. As a consequence quantum theory may resolve some "paradoxes" of time travel. Conversely, non-time-orientable spacetimes naturally give rise to electric charges and spin half. If an explanation of quantum theory is possible, then general relativity with time travel could be it.

  14. Journey to the edge of time: The GREAT mission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neil J. Cornish; David N. Spergel; Charles L. Bennett

    2002-01-31

    We are surrounded by radiation that originated from the big bang. It has traveled to us from the farthest reaches of the Universe, carrying with it an unaltered record of the beginning of time and space. The radiation is in the form of gravitational waves - propagating ripples in the curvature of spacetime. We describe a mission to detect these Gravitational Echos Across Time (GREAT) that would open up a new window on the very early universe. By studying the gravitational echoes of the big bang we will gain insight into the fundamental structure of matter, gravity, and how the Universe formed.

  15. Synchronization of follicular wave emergence, luteal regression, and ovulation for fixed-time artificial insemination in beef cows and heifers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stutts, Kyle Jeffrey

    2006-10-30

    Two experiments tested the efficacy of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) or estradiol cypionate (ECP) administration in combination with controlled internal drug release (CIDR) inserts on pregnancy rate to fixed-time artificial insemination...

  16. Time Commitments Where Does Your Time Go

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kunkle, Tom

    Time Commitments Where Does Your Time Go Everyone starts the week with the same number of hours. So, why does your time go so fast? Let's find out! Number of hours of sleep each night ____ x 7 preparation/clean-up time) ____ x 7 = ____ Travel time to and from campus ___ x __ = ____ Number of hours per

  17. UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON TRAVEL CARD APPLICATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matrajt, Graciela

    UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON TRAVEL CARD APPLICATION US 01745 UW CTS Box 351120 206-543-7171 CARD DATA the following conditions: · The card must be used only for University of Washington business related and travel expenses as described in card policies http://f2.washington.edu/fm

  18. Travel policies and practices of Department of Energy grantees. [Travel costs for US DOE grantees

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-09-30

    The fiscal year 1980 travel activities, particularly trips to annual conventions, of Department of Energy grantees were reviewed. DOE made 9987 grants during fiscal year 1980. Ten grantees, i.e., educational institutions, governmental entities, companies, etc. were selected for the travel review. Information is included on the cost and purpose of trips, applicable travel policies, cost reporting, and auditing of travel vouchers. The results showed that the 10 selected grantees made 1194 trips costing a total of $170,974, or about 1% of their grant funds. Grantees travel costs ranged from $331 to $46,512 and the number of trips ranged from 1 to 471. (LCL)

  19. Positioner with long travel in two dimensions

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Trumper, David L. (Plaistow, NH); Williams, Mark E. (Pelham, NH)

    1997-12-23

    A precision positioning system is provided which provides long travel in two of the linear dimensions, while using non-contact bearings for both a first subassembly which provides long travel in one of the linear dimension and a second subassembly which provides long travel in the second linear dimension. The first or upper subassembly is preferably a magnetic subassembly which, in addition to providing long travel, also compensates or positions in three rotary dimensions and in the third linear dimension. The second subassembly is preferably either an air bearing or magnetic subassembly and is normally used only to provide long travel. Angled surfaces may be provided for magnetic bearings and capacitive or other gap sensing probes may be mounted to the stage and ground flush with the bearing actuators to provide more precise gap measurements.

  20. CUNY EXPORT CONTROL TRAVEL BRIEFING Last Updated: May 6, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosen, Jay

    CUNY EXPORT CONTROL TRAVEL BRIEFING Last Updated: May 6, 2013 1 CUNY EXPORT CONTROL GUIDANCE: INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL BRIEFING 1. Introduction When traveling abroad, taking certain items, providing certain services or meeting with certain people can present export control

  1. Wave-wave interactions in solar type III radio bursts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thejappa, G.; MacDowall, R. J.

    2014-02-11

    The high time resolution observations from the STEREO/WAVES experiment show that in type III radio bursts, the Langmuir waves often occur as localized magnetic field aligned coherent wave packets with durations of a few ms and with peak intensities well exceeding the strong turbulence thresholds. Some of these wave packets show spectral signatures of beam-resonant Langmuir waves, down- and up-shifted sidebands, and ion sound waves, with frequencies, wave numbers, and tricoherences satisfying the resonance conditions of the oscillating two stream instability (four wave interaction). The spectra of a few of these wave packets also contain peaks at f{sub pe}, 2f{sub pe} and 3 f{sub pe} (f{sub pe} is the electron plasma frequency), with frequencies, wave numbers and bicoherences (computed using the wavelet based bispectral analysis techniques) satisfying the resonance conditions of three wave interactions: (1) excitation of second harmonic electromagnetic waves as a result of coalescence of two oppositely propagating Langmuir waves, and (2) excitation of third harmonic electromagnetic waves as a result of coalescence of Langmuir waves with second harmonic electromagnetic waves. The implication of these findings is that the strong turbulence processes play major roles in beam stabilization as well as conversion of Langmuir waves into escaping radiation in type III radio bursts.

  2. Rebound 2007: Analysis of U.S. Light-Duty Vehicle Travel Statistics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greene, David L

    2010-01-01

    U.S. national time series data on vehicle travel by passenger cars and light trucks covering the period 1966 2007 are used to test for the existence, size and stability of the rebound effect for motor vehicle fuel efficiency on vehicle travel. The data show a statistically significant effect of gasoline price on vehicle travel but do not support the existence of a direct impact of fuel efficiency on vehicle travel. Additional tests indicate that fuel price effects have not been constant over time, although the hypothesis of symmetry with respect to price increases and decreases is not rejected. Small and Van Dender (2007) model of a declining rebound effect with income is tested and similar results are obtained.

  3. Gravitational-wave Detection With Matter-wave Interferometers Based On Standing Light Waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dongfeng Gao; Peng Ju; Baocheng Zhang; Mingsheng Zhan

    2011-03-25

    We study the possibility of detecting gravitational-waves with matter-wave interferometers, where atom beams are split, deflected and recombined totally by standing light waves. Our calculation shows that the phase shift is dominated by terms proportional to the time derivative of the gravitational wave amplitude. Taking into account future improvements on current technologies, it is promising to build a matter-wave interferometer detector with desired sensitivity.

  4. A real-time laser feedback control method for the three-wave laser source used in the polarimeter-interferometer diagnostic on Joint-TEXT tokamak

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xiong, C. Y.; Chen, J. Li, Q.; Liu, Y.; Gao, L.

    2014-12-15

    A three-wave laser polarimeter-interferometer, equipped with three independent far-infrared laser sources, has been developed on Joint-TEXT (J-TEXT) tokamak. The diagnostic system is capable of high-resolution temporal and phase measurement of the Faraday angle and line-integrated density. However, for long-term operation (>10 min), the free-running lasers can lead to large drifts of the intermediate frequencies (?100–?500 kHz/10 min) and decay of laser power (?10%–?20%/10 min), which act to degrade diagnostic performance. In addition, these effects lead to increased maintenance cost and limit measurement applicability to long pulse/steady state experiments. To solve this problem, a real-time feedback control method of the laser source is proposed. By accurately controlling the length of each laser cavity, both the intermediate frequencies and laser power can be simultaneously controlled: the intermediate frequencies are controlled according to the pre-set values, while the laser powers are maintained at an optimal level. Based on this approach, a real-time feedback control system has been developed and applied on J-TEXT polarimeter-interferometer. Long-term (theoretically no time limit) feedback of intermediate frequencies (maximum change less than ±12 kHz) and laser powers (maximum relative power change less than ±7%) has been successfully achieved.

  5. Transformative Wave Technologies Kent, Washington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Transformative Wave Technologies Kent, Washington www.transformativewave.com #12;#12;North America are shifted to off peak times #12;#12;Transformative Wave Technologies www.transformativewave.com #12

  6. Secretary Bodman To Travel to Vienna, Austria for Second GNEP...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Bodman To Travel to Vienna, Austria for Second GNEP Ministerial and IAEA General Conference Secretary Bodman To Travel to Vienna, Austria for Second GNEP Ministerial and IAEA...

  7. DOE Honors WIPP Representative for Cutting Travel Costs, Greenhouse...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    DOE Honors WIPP Representative for Cutting Travel Costs, Greenhouse Gas Emissions DOE Honors WIPP Representative for Cutting Travel Costs, Greenhouse Gas Emissions June 29, 2012 -...

  8. ORISE: CDC Travelers' Health Mobile App, Designed by ORISE, Gains...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    This? Mobile App Helps International Travelers Make Safe Dining Choices CDC Travelers' Health app, designed by ORISE, gains attention on multiple websites How ORISE is Making a...

  9. Errors in determination of soil water content using time-domain reflectometry caused by soil compaction around wave guides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ghezzehei, T.A.

    2008-05-29

    Application of time domain reflectometry (TDR) in soil hydrology often involves the conversion of TDR-measured dielectric permittivity to water content using universal calibration equations (empirical or physically based). Deviations of soil-specific calibrations from the universal calibrations have been noted and are usually attributed to peculiar composition of soil constituents, such as high content of clay and/or organic matter. Although it is recognized that soil disturbance by TDR waveguides may have impact on measurement errors, to our knowledge, there has not been any quantification of this effect. In this paper, we introduce a method that estimates this error by combining two models: one that describes soil compaction around cylindrical objects and another that translates change in bulk density to evolution of soil water retention characteristics. Our analysis indicates that the compaction pattern depends on the mechanical properties of the soil at the time of installation. The relative error in water content measurement depends on the compaction pattern as well as the water content and water retention properties of the soil. Illustrative calculations based on measured soil mechanical and hydrologic properties from the literature indicate that the measurement errors of using a standard three-prong TDR waveguide could be up to 10%. We also show that the error scales linearly with the ratio of rod radius to the interradius spacing.

  10. Changing forms and sudden smooth transitions of tsunami waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Changing forms and sudden smooth transitions of tsunami waves R. H. J. Grimshaw1 , J. C. R. Hunt1 Engineering, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong August 14, 2014 Abstract In some tsunami waves travelling over can be as large as two, which may explain anomalous elevations of tsunamis at particular positions

  11. Extracting the geometry of an obstacle and a zeroth-order coefficient of a boundary condition via the enclosure method using a single reflected wave over a finite time interval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masaru Ikehata

    2013-10-30

    This paper considers an inverse problem for the classical wave equation in an exterior domain. It is a mathematical interpretation of an inverse obstacle problem which employs the dynamical scattering data of acoustic wave over a finite time interval. It is assumed that the wave satisfies a Robin type boundary condition with an unknown variable coefficient. The wave is generated by the initial data localized outside the obstacle and observed over a finite time interval at the same place as the support of the initial data. It is already known that, using the enclosure method, one can extract the maximum sphere whose exterior encloses the obstacle, from the data. In this paper, it is shown that the enclosure method enables us to extract also: (i) a quantity which indicates the deviation of the geometry between the maximum sphere and the boundary of the obstacle at the first reflection points of the wave; (ii) the value of the coefficient of the boundary condition at an arbitrary first reflection point of the wave provided, for example, the surface of the obstacle is known in a neighbourhood of the point. Another new obtained knowledge is that: the enclosure method can cover the case when the data are taken over a sphere whose centre coincides with that of the support of an initial data and yields corresponding results to (i) and (ii).

  12. Wave Motion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Carcione, F. Cavallini, Simulation of waves in porn-viscoelastic rocks Saturated by immiscible ?uids. Numerical evidence ofa second slow wave,]. Comput.

  13. The domestic travel sector in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anders, Jeff, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01

    China is already the largest domestic tourism market in the world. Chinese citizens made as many as 800 million overnight domestic trips in 2005. While travel is not a new concept in China, the disposable income they wield, ...

  14. Travel Agent Participation in Biosecurity Awareness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The show has increased knowledge for a large proportion (75%) of travel agents and also influenced variation in mean response between 2002 and 2004. There is a tendency for agents to be less ambivalent

  15. The Patricia Mokhtarian Fund for Travel Behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    and friends are coming together to create The Patricia Mokhtarian Fund for Travel Behavior at UC Davis Bhat, Cynthia Chen, Sangho Choo, Michael Clay, Susan Handy, David Ory, Ram Pendyala, and Gil Tal. Thank

  16. SELECTING TRAVEL RELIABILITY MEASURES David Schrank

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SELECTING TRAVEL RELIABILITY MEASURES by Tim Lomax David Schrank Shawn Turner Texas Transportation Administration provided technical resource staff persons who identified the need for a reliability measure, California Department of Transportation Tim Baker, Colorado Department of Transportation Gordon Morgan

  17. Hotel and Travel Information for the Summit

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Executive Summit on Wind Research and Development is being held in the Cottonwoods Pavillion at the Hyatt Regency Tamaya Resort and Spa. Here registrants can find summit hotel and travel...

  18. University of Connecticut Office of Travel Services,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    University of Connecticut Office of Travel Services, Accounts Payable Department New Central Warehouse Building, 3 North Hillside Road, Unit 6220 Storrs, CT 06269-6220 The University of Connecticut

  19. Low power penalty 80 to 10 Gbit/s OTDM demultiplexer using standing-wave enhanced electroabsorption modulator with reduced driving voltage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2003-01-01

    ratio and saturation power traveling-wave electroabsorptionpower penalty 80 t o 10 Gbit/s OTDM demultiplexer using standing-wavepower penalty 80 to l O G b i l / s demultiplexing using a novel standing-wave

  20. Information-Entropic for Travelling Solitons in Lorentz and CPT Breaking Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. A. C. Correa; Roldao da Rocha; A. de Souza Dutra

    2015-02-08

    In this work we group three research topics apparently disconnected, namely solitons, Lorentz symmetry breaking and entropy. Following a recent work [Phys. Lett. B 713 (2012) 304], we show that it is possible to construct in the context of travelling wave solutions a configurational entropy measure in functional space, from the field configurations. Thus, we investigate the existence and properties of travelling solitons in Lorentz and CPT breaking scenarios for a class of models with two interacting scalar fields. Here, we obtain a complete set of exact solutions for the model studied which display both double and single-kink configurations. In fact, such models are very important in applications that include Bloch branes, Skyrmions, Yang-Mills, Q-balls, oscillons and various superstring-motivated theories. We find that the so-called Configurational Entropy (CE) for travelling solitons, which we name as travelling Configurational Entropy (TCE), shows that the best value of parameter responsible to break the Lorentz symmetry is one where the energy density is distributed equally around the origin. In this way, the information-theoretical measure of travelling solitons in Lorentz symmetry violation scenarios opens a new window to probe situations where the parameters responsible for breaking the symmetries are random. In this case, the TCE selects the best value.

  1. Directed Relativistic Blast Wave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrei Gruzinov

    2007-04-23

    A spherically symmetrical ultra-relativistic blast wave is not an attractor of a generic asymmetric explosion. Spherical symmetry is reached only by the time the blast wave slows down to non-relativistic velocities, when the Sedov-Taylor-von Neumann attractor solution sets in. We show however, that a directed relativistic explosion, with the explosion momentum close to the explosion energy, produces a blast wave with a universal intermediate asymptotic -- a selfsimilar directed ultra-relativistic blast wave. This universality might be of interest for the astrophysics of gamma-ray burst afterglows.

  2. The detection of upwardly propagating waves channeling energy from the chromosphere to the low corona

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Freij, N.; Nelson, C. J.; Mumford, S.; Erdélyi, R. [Solar Physics and Space Plasma Research Centre (SP2RC), School of Mathematics and Statistics, The University of Sheffield, Hicks Building, Hounsfield Road, Sheffield S3 7RH (United Kingdom); Scullion, E. M.; Wedemeyer, S., E-mail: n.freij@sheffield.ac.uk [Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Oslo, Postboks 1029 Blindern, NO-0315 Oslo (Norway)

    2014-08-10

    There have been ubiquitous observations of wave-like motions in the solar atmosphere for decades. Recent improvements to space- and ground-based observatories have allowed the focus to shift to smaller magnetic structures on the solar surface. In this paper, high-resolution ground-based data taken using the Swedish 1 m Solar Telescope is combined with co-spatial and co-temporal data from the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) satellite to analyze running penumbral waves (RPWs). RPWs have always been thought to be radial wave propagation that occurs within sunspots. Recent research has suggested that they are in fact upwardly propagating field-aligned waves (UPWs). Here, RPWs within a solar pore are observed for the first time and are interpreted as UPWs due to the lack of a penumbra that is required to support RPWs. These UPWs are also observed co-spatially and co-temporally within several SDO/AIA elemental lines that sample the transition region and low corona. The observed UPWs are traveling at a horizontal velocity of around 17 ± 0.5 km s{sup –1} and a minimum vertical velocity of 42 ± 21 km s{sup –1}. The estimated energy of the waves is around 150 W m{sup –2}, which is on the lower bound required to heat the quiet-Sun corona. This is a new, yet unconsidered source of wave energy within the solar chromosphere and low corona.

  3. Non-Destructive Evaluation of Materials Using Pulsed Microwave Interrogating Signals and Acoustic Wave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    interrogation. A third possibility, treated in this paper, entails use of a traveling acoustic wave as a re ect]) that acoustic pressure waves will interact with electromagnetic signals in ways that often mimic interfacial aspects of elementary electromagnetic/acoustic wave interac- tion. The modeling presented in [4

  4. Physics 5B Winter 2009 Rate of Energy Transfer by Sinusoidal Waves on a String

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    , Vibrations and Waves (W.W. Norton and Company, New York, 1971). First, we compute the kinetic energyPhysics 5B Winter 2009 Rate of Energy Transfer by Sinusoidal Waves on a String Consider the kinetic energy and the potential energy of this string segment due to the passage of a traveling wave

  5. Investigation of elastic wave transmission in a metaconcrete Stephanie J. Mitchell a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ortiz, Michael

    of modified concrete, termed metaconcrete, has been shown to exhibit trapping of wave energy and a reduction and therefore reduce stress within the mortar phase of the composite material. The transmission of wave energy of measuring the absorption of wave energy as an applied forcing of known frequency travels through

  6. Physics 5B Winter 2009 Rate of Energy Transfer by Sinusoidal Waves on a String

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Physics 5B Winter 2009 Rate of Energy Transfer by Sinusoidal Waves on a String Consider the kinetic energy and the potential energy of this string segment due to the passage of a traveling wave, Vibrations and Waves (W.W. Norton and Company, New York, 1971). First, we compute the kinetic energy

  7. Propagating Precipitation Waves: Experiments and Modeling Mark R. Tinsley,* Darrell Collison, and Kenneth Showalter*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Showalter, Kenneth

    Propagating Precipitation Waves: Experiments and Modeling Mark R. Tinsley,* Darrell Collison Virginia 26506-6045, United States ABSTRACT: Traveling precipitation waves, including counterrotating spiral waves, are observed in the precipitation reaction of AlCl3 with NaOH [Volford, A.; et al. Langmuir

  8. Sustainable Travel Plan for the Exeter Campuses 2010-2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bearhop, Stuart

    ; · Introduction of emissions-based car parking charges and a new pay and display scheme to support flexible travel related travel 9 4 Key achievements 10 5 Objectives and targets 11 6 Car parking 11 7 Actions 13 7.9 Mitigating travel emissions 21 7.10 Building developments and site specific travel plans 21 8 Measure

  9. GIFT OF TRAVEL OFFER FORWARDING MEMORANDUM Page 1 of 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GIFT OF TRAVEL OFFER FORWARDING MEMORANDUM From: Page 1 of 2 To: President, Naval Postgraduate School Subj: OFFER OF GIFT OF TRAVEL TO THE NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL Ref: (a) NPS Gifts of Travel SOP Date(mm/dd/yyyy): (b) SECNAVINST 4001.2J Encl: (1) Offer of Gift of Travel from 1. Enclosure (1

  10. MHD waves in sunspots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sych, Robert

    2015-01-01

    The review addresses the spatial frequency morphology of sources of sunspot oscillations and waves, including their localization, size, oscillation periods, height localization with the mechanism of cut-off frequency that forms the observed emission variability. Dynamic of sunspot wave processes, provides the information about the structure of wave fronts and their time variations, investigates the oscillation frequency transformation depending on the wave energy is shown. The initializing solar flares caused by trigger agents like magnetoacoustic waves, accelerated particle beams, and shocks are discussed. Special attention is paid to the relation between the flare reconnection periodic initialization and the dynamics of sunspot slow magnetoacoustic waves. A short review of theoretical models of sunspot oscillations is provided.

  11. Transverse-Traceless Gravitational Waves In A Spatially Flat FLRW Universe: Causal Structure from Dimension Reduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Yi-Zen

    2015-01-01

    This work was mainly driven by the desire to explore, to what extent embedding some given geometry in a higher dimensional flat one is useful for understanding the causal structure of classical fields traveling in the former, in terms of that in the latter. We point out, in the 4D spatially flat FLRW universe, that the causal structure of transverse-traceless (TT) gravitational waves can be elucidated by first reducing the problem to a 2D Minkowski wave equation with a time dependent potential, where the relevant Green's function is pure tail -- waves produced by a physical source propagate strictly within the null cone. By viewing this 2D world as embedded in a 4D one, the 2D Green's function can also be seen to be sourced by a cylindrically symmetric scalar field in 3D. From both the 2D wave equation as well as the 3D scalar perspective, we recover the exact solution of the 4D graviton tail, for the case where the scale factor written in conformal time is a power law. There are no TT gravitational wave tail...

  12. Fully nonlinear wave-body interactions by a 2D potential numerical wave tank 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koo, Weoncheol

    2004-11-15

    A 2D fully nonlinear Numerical Wave Tank (NWT) is developed based on the potential theory, mixed Eulerian-Lagrangian (MEL) time marching scheme, and boundary element method (BEM). Nonlinear Wave deformation and wave forces on stationary and freely...

  13. Relativistic quaternionic wave equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, C

    2006-01-01

    Schrodinger ?time dependent? equation, ? 1 and ? 2 , then?TCP?. The current conservation equation ?3.2? is still truefor this extended wave equation ?8.1?, however, Eq. ?6.7?

  14. Generating Electromagnetic Waves from Gravity Waves in Cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. A. Hogan; S. O'Farrell

    2009-05-18

    Examples of test electromagnetic waves on a Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker(FLRW) background are constructed from explicit perturbations of the FLRW space-times describing gravitational waves propagating in the isotropic universes. A possible physical mechanism for the production of the test electromagnetic waves is shown to be the coupling of the gravitational waves with a test magnetic field, confirming the observation of Marklund, Dunsby and Brodin [Phys.Rev. D62,101501(R) (2000)].

  15. Cycloidal Wave Energy Converter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stefan G. Siegel, Ph.D.

    2012-11-30

    This program allowed further advancing the development of a novel type of wave energy converter, a Cycloidal Wave Energy Converter or CycWEC. A CycWEC consists of one or more hydrofoils rotating around a central shaft, and operates fully submerged beneath the water surface. It operates under feedback control sensing the incoming waves, and converts wave power to shaft power directly without any intermediate power take off system. Previous research consisting of numerical simulations and two dimensional small 1:300 scale wave flume experiments had indicated wave cancellation efficiencies beyond 95%. The present work was centered on construction and testing of a 1:10 scale model and conducting two testing campaigns in a three dimensional wave basin. These experiments allowed for the first time for direct measurement of electrical power generated as well as the interaction of the CycWEC in a three dimensional environment. The Atargis team successfully conducted two testing campaigns at the Texas A&M Offshore Technology Research Center and was able to demonstrate electricity generation. In addition, three dimensional wave diffraction results show the ability to achieve wave focusing, thus increasing the amount of wave power that can be extracted beyond what was expected from earlier two dimensional investigations. Numerical results showed wave cancellation efficiencies for irregular waves to be on par with results for regular waves over a wide range of wave lengths. Using the results from previous simulations and experiments a full scale prototype was designed and its performance in a North Atlantic wave climate of average 30kW/m of wave crest was estimated. A full scale WEC with a blade span of 150m will deliver a design power of 5MW at an estimated levelized cost of energy (LCOE) in the range of 10-17 US cents per kWh. Based on the new results achieved in the 1:10 scale experiments these estimates appear conservative and the likely performance at full scale will exceed this initial performance estimates. In advancing the Technology Readiness Level (TRL) of this type of wave energy converter from 3 to 4, we find the CycWEC to exceed our initial estimates in terms of hydrodynamic performance. Once fully developed and optimized, it has the potential to not just outperform all other WEC technologies, but to also deliver power at a lower LCOE than competing conventional renewables like wind and solar. Given the large wave power resource both domestically and internationally, this technology has the potential to lead to a large improvement in our ability to produce clean electricity at affordable cost.

  16. Transferring 2001 National Household Travel Survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hu, Patricia S; Reuscher, Tim; Schmoyer, Richard L; Chin, Shih-Miao

    2007-05-01

    Policy makers rely on transportation statistics, including data on personal travel behavior, to formulate strategic transportation policies, and to improve the safety and efficiency of the U.S. transportation system. Data on personal travel trends are needed to examine the reliability, efficiency, capacity, and flexibility of the Nation's transportation system to meet current demands and to accommodate future demand. These data are also needed to assess the feasibility and efficiency of alternative congestion-mitigating technologies (e.g., high-speed rail, magnetically levitated trains, and intelligent vehicle and highway systems); to evaluate the merits of alternative transportation investment programs; and to assess the energy-use and air-quality impacts of various policies. To address these data needs, the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT) initiated an effort in 1969 to collect detailed data on personal travel. The 1969 survey was the first Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey (NPTS). The survey was conducted again in 1977, 1983, 1990, 1995, and 2001. Data on daily travel were collected in 1969, 1977, 1983, 1990 and 1995. In 2001, the survey was renamed the National Household Travel Survey (NHTS) and it collected both daily and long-distance trips. The 2001 survey was sponsored by three USDOT agencies: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS), and National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). The primary objective of the survey was to collect trip-based data on the nature and characteristics of personal travel so that the relationships between the characteristics of personal travel and the demographics of the traveler can be established. Commercial and institutional travel were not part of the survey. Due to the survey's design, data in the NHTS survey series were not recommended for estimating travel statistics for categories smaller than the combination of Census division (e.g., New England, Middle Atlantic, and Pacific), MSA size, and the availability of rail. Extrapolating NHTS data within small geographic areas could risk developing and subsequently using unreliable estimates. For example, if a planning agency in City X of State Y estimates travel rates and other travel characteristics based on survey data collected from NHTS sample households that were located in City X of State Y, then the agency could risk developing and using unreliable estimates for their planning process. Typically, this limitation significantly increases as the size of an area decreases. That said, the NHTS contains a wealth of information that could allow statistical inferences about small geographic areas, with a pre-determined level of statistical certainty. The question then becomes whether a method can be developed that integrates the NHTS data and other data to estimate key travel characteristics for small geographic areas such as Census tract and transportation analysis zone, and whether this method can outperform other, competing methods.

  17. Explosive plane-wave lens

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Marsh, S.P.

    1988-03-08

    An explosive plane-wave air lens which enables a spherical wave form to be converted to a planar wave without the need to specially machine or shape explosive materials is described. A disc-shaped impactor having a greater thickness at its center than around its periphery is used to convert the spherical wave into a plane wave. When the wave reaches the impactor, the center of the impactor moves first because the spherical wave reaches the center of the impactor first. The wave strikes the impactor later in time as one moves radially along the impactor. Because the impactor is thinner as one moves radially outward, the velocity of the impactor is greater at the periphery than at the center. An acceptor explosive is positioned so that the impactor strikes the acceptor simultaneously. Consequently, a plane detonation wave is propagated through the acceptor explosive. 4 figs.

  18. Explosive plane-wave lens

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Marsh, S.P.

    1987-03-12

    An explosive plane-wave air lens which enables a spherical wave form to be converted to a planar wave without the need to specially machine or shape explosive materials is described. A disc-shaped impactor having a greater thickness at its center than around its periphery is used to convert the spherical wave into a plane wave. When the wave reaches the impactor, the center of the impactor moves first because the spherical wave reaches the center of the impactor first. The wave strikes the impactor later in time as one moves radially along the impactor. Because the impactor is thinner as one moves radially outward, the velocity of the impactor is greater at the periphery than at the center. An acceptor explosive is positioned so that the impactor strikes the acceptor simultaneously. Consequently, a plane detonation wave is propagated through the acceptor explosive. 3 figs., 3 tabs.

  19. San Pablo Avenue Pedestrian Signal Timing Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Ahn; Ragland, David R.

    2007-01-01

    Signals to Accommodate Pedestrian Travel. Road EngineeringM. Cynecki. A Review of Pedestrian Safety Research in theWalking Speeds for Pedestrian Clearance Timing Based on

  20. Surface acoustic waves in rotating orthorhombic crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michel Destrade

    2013-04-24

    The propagation of surface (Rayleigh) waves over a rotating orthorhombic crystal is studied. The crystal possesses three crystallographic axes, normal to the symmetry planes: the half-space is cut along a plane normal to one of these axes, the wave travels in the direction of another, and the rotation occurs at a uniform rate about any of the three axes. The secular equation for the surface wave speed is found explicitly; in contrast to the non-rotating case, it is dispersive (frequency-dependent). Both Coriolis and centrifugal accelerations appear in the equations of motion: none can be neglected in favor of the other, even at small rotation rates.

  1. The Square Root Depth Wave Equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colin C. Cotter; Darryl D. Holm; James R. Percival

    2009-12-11

    We introduce a set of coupled equations for multilayer water waves that removes the ill-posedness of the multilayer Green-Naghdi (MGN) equations in the presence of shear. The new well-posed equations are Hamiltonian and in the absence of imposed background shear they retain the same travelling wave solutions as MGN. We call the new model the Square Root Depth equations, from the modified form of their kinetic energy of vertical motion. Our numerical results show how the Square Root Depth equations model the effects of multilayer wave propagation and interaction, with and without shear.

  2. Semantics of time travel in a generative information space 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khandelwal, Madhur Jugalkishore

    2005-02-17

    to Java by a framework named ecologylab.xml, which was developed as a part of this thesis. These computational keyframe semantics serve as the basis for interaction semantics. A user study was conducted in the form of a design competition, to evaluate...

  3. One-Click Time Travel Mahadev Satyanarayanan, Gloriana St. Clair

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    result that, across a broad range of countries and historical periods, economic growth declines, biology, engineering, economics, political science and the humanities. Examples of software used Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA 15213 CMU Libraries Abstract We describe a system called Olive

  4. The Time Dependent Traveling Salesman Problem: Polyhedra and ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-12-30

    inequalities can be expressed in terms of the TDTSP variables as follows: ? j?S x0 ... at a vertex in S or it must enter S no later than layer n ? |S|. ..... The search.

  5. Supplemental Guidance Regarding Compensatory Time Off for Travel |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OF APPLICABLEStatutory Authority forPerk

  6. Transverse-Traceless Gravitational Waves In A Spatially Flat FLRW Universe: Causal Structure from Dimension Reduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yi-Zen Chu

    2015-05-05

    This work was mainly driven by the desire to explore, to what extent embedding some given geometry in a higher dimensional flat one is useful for understanding the causal structure of classical fields traveling in the former, in terms of that in the latter. We point out, in the 4D spatially flat FLRW universe, that the causal structure of transverse-traceless (TT) gravitational waves can be elucidated by first reducing the problem to a 2D Minkowski wave equation with a time dependent potential, where the relevant Green's function is pure tail -- waves produced by a physical source propagate strictly within the null cone. By viewing this 2D world as embedded in a 4D one, the 2D Green's function can also be seen to be sourced by a cylindrically symmetric scalar field in 3D. From both the 2D wave equation as well as the 3D scalar perspective, we recover the exact solution of the 4D graviton tail, for the case where the scale factor written in conformal time is a power law. There are no TT gravitational wave tails when the universe is radiation dominated because the background Ricci scalar is zero. In a matter dominated one, we estimate the amplitude of the tail to be suppressed relative to its null counterpart by both the ratio of the duration of the source to the age of the universe $\\eta_0$, and the ratio of the observer-source spatial distance (at the observer's time) to the same $\\eta_0$. In a universe driven primarily by a cosmological constant, the tail contribution to the background FLRW geometry after the source has ceased, is the conformal factor $a^2$ times a spacetime-constant symmetric matrix proportional to the spacetime volume integral of the TT part of the source's stress-energy-momentum tensor. In other words, massless spin-2 gravitational waves exhibit a memory effect in de Sitter spacetime.

  7. Transverse-Traceless Gravitational Waves In A Spatially Flat FLRW Universe: Causal Structure from Dimension Reduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yi-Zen Chu

    2015-11-02

    This work was mainly driven by the desire to explore, to what extent embedding some given geometry in a higher dimensional flat one is useful for understanding the causal structure of classical fields traveling in the former, in terms of that in the latter. We point out, in the 4D spatially flat FLRW universe, that the causal structure of transverse-traceless (TT) gravitational waves can be elucidated by first reducing the problem to a 2D Minkowski wave equation with a time dependent potential, where the relevant Green's function is pure tail -- waves produced by a physical source propagate strictly within the null cone. By viewing this 2D world as embedded in a 4D one, the 2D Green's function can also be seen to be sourced by a cylindrically symmetric scalar field in 3D. From both the 2D wave equation as well as the 3D scalar perspective, we recover the exact solution of the 4D graviton tail, for the case where the scale factor written in conformal time is a power law. There are no TT gravitational wave tails when the universe is radiation dominated because the background Ricci scalar is zero. In a matter dominated one, we estimate the amplitude of the tail to be suppressed relative to its null counterpart by both the ratio of the duration of the source to the age of the universe $\\eta_0$, and the ratio of the observer-source spatial distance (at the observer's time) to the same $\\eta_0$. In a universe driven primarily by a cosmological constant, the tail contribution to the background FLRW geometry after the source has ceased, is the conformal factor $a^2$ times a spacetime-constant symmetric matrix proportional to the spacetime volume integral of the TT part of the source's stress-energy-momentum tensor. In other words, massless spin-2 gravitational waves exhibit a tail-induced memory effect in 4D de Sitter spacetime.

  8. Donald L. Wood Professional Conference Travel Grants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cantlon, Jessica F.

    Donald L. Wood Professional Conference Travel Grants for Engineering Undergraduates APPLICATION by a generous donation from the estate of Donald L. Wood. The student application and final report will be used to describe our accomplishments to the family of this sponsor. #12;Donald L. Wood Professional Conference

  9. HARVARD ALUMNI ASSOCIATION WORLDWIDE TRAVEL PROGRAMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Robert

    continents ° Choice of land & rail, cruises, rivers & lakes, and spring break & family adventures ° Travel trip "ELBE RIVER" 2014 WITH PROFESSOR WERNER SOLLORS #12;2015 TRIPS LAND & RAIL CENTRAL AMERICA BEST OF PATAGONIA: BUENOS AIRES, SANTIAGO, EL CALAFATE & TORRES DEL PAINE NATIONAL PARK 29 NOVEMBER 6

  10. FACULTY CONFERENCE TRAVEL GRANT APPLICATION FORM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    FACULTY CONFERENCE TRAVEL GRANT APPLICATION FORM The University of Northern British Columbia conferences. GUIDELINES 1. There will be two (2) competitions per year: March 15 and September 15. 2 consideration; however, the applicant must apply prior to attending the conference and an explanation

  11. CUNY EXPORT CONTROL PROCEDURES 16. Travel Abroad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosen, Jay

    CUNY EXPORT CONTROL PROCEDURES 16. Travel Abroad This Section addresses the process for ensuring export control compliance when shipping or carrying tangible items associated with conferences with whether these activities are subject to export control regulations, to the extent that the scope

  12. Ring aggregation pattern of Human Travel Trips

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zi-Yang; Zhu, Peng; Qin, Yong; Jia, Li-Min

    2015-01-01

    Although a lot of attentions have been paid to human mobility, the relationship between travel pattern with city structure is still unclear. Here we probe into this relationship by analyzing the metro passenger trip data.There are two unprecedented findings. One, from the average view a linear law exists between the individual's travel distance with his original distance to city center. The mechanism underlying is a travel pattern we called "ring aggregation", i.e., the daily movement of city passengers is just aggregating to a ring with roughly equal distance to city center.Interestingly, for the round trips the daily travel pattern can be regarded as a switching between the home ring at outer area with the office ring at the inner area. Second, this linear law and ring aggregation pattern seems to be an exclusive characteristic of the metro system. It can not be found in short distance transportation modes, such as bicycle and taxi, neither as multiple transportation modes. This means the ring aggregation p...

  13. Young media-induced travelers: online representations of media-induced travel conversations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scarpino, Michelle Renee

    2009-05-15

    technology, specifically how online communities and online discussion forums are utilized as important venues, which support conversations among travelers (Wang, Yu & Fesenmaier, 2002; Wang & Fesenmaier, 2004). Study results supported previous arguments...

  14. Forecasting 65+ travel : an integration of cohort analysis and travel demand modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bush, Sarah, 1973-

    2003-01-01

    Over the next 30 years, the Boomers will double the 65+ population in the United States and comprise a new generation of older Americans. This study forecasts the aging Boomers' travel. Previous efforts to forecast 65+ ...

  15. Colorado State University Quick Reference Guide to University Travel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    approval from the Office of Risk Management is required; failure to obtain pre-approval will result or institution of higher education. Airfares/Airlines Traveler should work with approved travel agency and use

  16. What is the purpose of the Travel Policy?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    ://www.lib.berkeley.edu/Staff/LBS/travel.html http://policy.ucop.edu/doc/3420365/BFB-G-28 How to book a car rental through Connexxus: UC Travel

  17. Terminal Chaos: Why U.S. AirTravel Is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Unless aviation infrastructure (airports and air traffic control) were also transformed by market forces success in democ- ratizing air travel. It unleashed competition that transformed air travel from a luxury

  18. Improving Traffic Congestion By Regulating Employee Travel: A Phoenix Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burns, Elizabeth K.

    1991-01-01

    suburbancharacter. The City of Phoenix’s UrbanVillage PlanBy Regulating Employee Travel: A Phoenix Survey Elizabeth K.by Regulating Employee Travel: A Phoenix Survey Elizabeth K.

  19. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Squeeze and Nonlinear Effects in Trivelpiece-Gould and Electron Acoustic Waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    Acoustic Waves A dissertation submitted in partial satisfaction of the requirements for the degree Doctor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xv Chapter 1 Effect of squeeze on electrostatic Trivelpice-Gould wave damping 1 1.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 3.2.1 Traveling plasma modes, large detuning . . . . . . . . 106 3.2.2 Standing plasma waves

  20. Symmetries of the triple degenerate DNLS equations for weakly nonlinear dispersive MHD waves

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Webb, G. M.; Brio, M.; Zank, G. P.

    1996-07-20

    A formulation of Hamiltonian and Lagrangian variational principles, Lie point symmetries and conservation laws for the triple degenerate DNLS equations describing the propagation of weakly nonlinear dispersive MHD waves along the ambient magnetic field, in {beta}{approx}1 plasmas is given. The equations describe the interaction of the Alfven and magnetoacoustic modes near the triple umbilic point, where the fast magnetosonic, slow magnetosonic and Alfven speeds coincide and a{sub g}{sup 2}=V{sub A}{sup 2} where a{sub g} is the gas sound speed and V{sub A} is the Alfven speed. A discussion is given of the travelling wave similarity solutions of the equations, which include solitary wave and periodic traveling waves. Strongly compressible solutions indicate the necessity for the insertion of shocks in the flow, whereas weakly compressible, near Alfvenic solutions resemble similar, shock free travelling wave solutions of the DNLS equation.

  1. Mechanical Surface Waves Accompany Action Potential Propagation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmed El Hady; Benjamin B. Machta

    2014-10-05

    Many studies have shown that a mechanical displacement of the axonal membrane accompanies the electrical pulse defining the Action Potential (AP). Despite a large and diverse body of experimental evidence, there is no theoretical consensus either for the physical basis of this mechanical wave nor its interdependence with the electrical signal. In this manuscript we present a model for these mechanical displacements as arising from the driving of surface wave modes in which potential energy is stored in elastic properties of the neuronal membrane and cytoskeleton while kinetic energy is carried by the axoplasmic fluid. In our model these surface waves are driven by the traveling wave of electrical depolarization that characterizes the AP, altering the compressive electrostatic forces across the membrane as it passes. This driving leads to co-propagating mechanical displacements, which we term Action Waves (AWs). Our model for these AWs allows us to predict, in terms of elastic constants, axon radius and axoplasmic density and viscosity, the shape of the AW that should accompany any traveling wave of voltage, including the AP predicted by the Hodgkin and Huxley (HH) equations. We show that our model makes predictions that are in agreement with results in experimental systems including the garfish olfactory nerve and the squid giant axon. We expect our model to serve as a framework for understanding the physical origins and possible functional roles of these AWs in neurobiology.

  2. Experimental quantum state engineering with time-separated heraldings from a continuous-wave light source: a temporal-mode analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Huang; H. Le Jeannic; V. B. Verma; M. D. Shaw; F. Marsili; S. W. Nam; E Wu; H. Zeng; O. Morin; J. Laurat

    2015-11-06

    Conditional preparation is a well-established technique for quantum state engineering of light. A general trend is to increase the number of heralding detection events in such realization to reach larger photon-number states or their arbitrary superpositions. In contrast to pulsed implementations, where detections only occur within the pulse window, for continuous-wave light the temporal separation of the conditioning detections is an additional degree of freedom and a critical parameter. Based on the theoretical study by A.E.B. Nielsen and K. Molmer and on a continuous-wave two-mode squeezed vacuum from a nondegenerate optical parametric oscillator, we experimentally investigate the generation of two-photon state with tunable delay between the heralding events. The present work illustrates the temporal multimode features in play for conditional state generation based on continuous-wave light sources.

  3. Wave represents displacement Wave represents pressure Source -Sound Waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    is wavelength Number of crests passing a point in 1 second is frequency Wave represents pressure Target - Radio. The Sound Waves simulation becomes the source of an analogical mapping to Radio Waves. Concepts Radio Waves 1 - Sound Waves references water waves 2 - Water is analogy for Sound Waves 3 - Radio

  4. TRAVEL AND BUSINESS EXPENSES University Policy No.: HR6500

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victoria, University of

    Services. 7.00 Reimbursement for prepaid travel, accommodation and conference fees may be claimed in advance by submitting a Travel Claim before the trip. The prepaid receipt with a charge to the appropriate for the prepaid expenses must be included with receipts and the Travel Expense Report after the trip and charged

  5. Financial Policy Manual 2357 TRAVEL AND ENTERTAINMENT POLICY RENTAL CARS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George, Edward I.

    Financial Policy Manual Page 1 2357 ­ TRAVEL AND ENTERTAINMENT POLICY ­ RENTAL CARS Resp. Office/Revision: April 1, 2015 PURPOSE To provide travel guidelines regarding the use of rental cars when traveling on behalf of the University. SCOPE This policy applies to the procurement of rental cars by and for all

  6. Supply Chain Management Purchasing, Direct Pay and Travel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to duplicate. The link to their website is: http://www.lsuhsc.edu/no/administration/supplychain/ CBA with a State of Louisiana Corporate Travel Card or the Dean's office CBA. Only travel listed under the previous CBA section can be purchased with a CBA. Signatures Required for Travel (Dean's office policy

  7. Seattle Smart Traveler: Dynamic Ridematching on the World Wide Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seattle Smart Traveler: Dynamic Ridematching on the World Wide Web D. J. Dailey* , D. Loseff, and D Smart Traveler (SST) is an application of World Wide Web (WWW) technology to test the concept. Keywords: Dynamic ridematch; Rideshare; Database; WWW; Carpool 1. INTRODUCTION Seattle Smart Traveler (SST

  8. Motor Fleet Request/Authorization Page 1 UNCW Travel System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    Motor Fleet Request/Authorization Page 1 UNCW Travel System Motor Fleet Request/Travel Authorization ENTER THE MOTOR FLEET REQUEST IN THE TRANSPORTATION SECTION OF THE TRAVEL AUTHORIZATION. PRESS CLICK TO ADD AND SELECT MOTOR FLEET FROM THE DROP-DOWN BOX. #12;Motor Fleet Request/Authorization Page 2

  9. Revised: October 2010 Eligible employees may request an Individual Travel Card if they travel overnight at least twice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Robert Michael

    ://covkc.virginia.gov. The training is two modules; please follow the instructions on the TCC Cardholder Training Guide. You should State Travel Regulations b. CAPP Topic 20360 Travel Charge Card 5. Complete the Cardholder training

  10. Breaking of parallelograms in presence of torsion: an equivalent alternative approach to detect gravitational waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nayeh, S; Arbabi, S; Ghominejad, M

    2015-01-01

    The equations for gravitational plane waves produced by a typical binary system as a solution of linear approximation of Einstein equations is derived. The dynamics of the corresponding gravitational field is analyzed in a 4-dimensional space-time manifold, endowed with a metric and taking into account the torsion. In this context, the geometrical reason of the existence of torsion due to the presence of gravitational waves, as an asymmetry of connection coefficients with respect of the swapping of indices's is highlighted. In a laser interferometer gravitational detector The delay time between the arrivals of the two laser beams traveling back and forth along the two arms of in presence of gravitational waves, is interpreted from this point of view. The geometrical interpretation of torsion, links this delay time to the breaking of the parallelogram formed by the trajectories of the laser beams in space-time. This delay is calculated for a typical NS-NS binary pulsar in two specific orientations with respect...

  11. CONNECTING THE SUN AND THE SOLAR WIND: THE FIRST 2.5-DIMENSIONAL SELF-CONSISTENT MHD SIMULATION UNDER THE ALFVEN WAVE SCENARIO

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matsumoto, Takuma; Suzuki, Takeru Ken

    2012-04-10

    The solar wind emanates from the hot and tenuous solar corona. Earlier studies using 1.5-dimensional simulations show that Alfven waves generated in the photosphere play an important role in coronal heating through the process of nonlinear mode conversion. In order to understand the physics of coronal heating and solar wind acceleration together, it is important to consider the regions from photosphere to interplanetary space as a single system. We performed 2.5-dimensional, self-consistent magnetohydrodynamic simulations, covering from the photosphere to the interplanetary space for the first time. We carefully set up the grid points with spherical coordinates to treat the Alfven waves in the atmosphere with huge density contrast and successfully simulate the solar wind streaming out from the hot solar corona as a result of the surface convective motion. The footpoint motion excites Alfven waves along an open magnetic flux tube, and these waves traveling upward in the non-uniform medium undergo wave reflection, nonlinear mode conversion from Alfven mode to slow mode, and turbulent cascade. These processes lead to the dissipation of Alfven waves and acceleration of the solar wind. It is found that the shock heating by the dissipation of the slow-mode wave plays a fundamental role in the coronal heating process, whereas the turbulent cascade and shock heating drive the solar wind.

  12. Search All NYTimes.com WORLD U.S. N.Y. / REGION BUSINESS TECHNOLOGY SCIENCE HEALTH SPORTS OPINION ARTS STYLE TRAVEL JOBS REAL ESTATE AUTOS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiss, Benjamin P.

    ARTS STYLE TRAVEL JOBS REAL ESTATE AUTOS ENVIRONMENT SPACE & COSMOS Enlarge This Image LUNAR CLUES World U.S. N.Y. / Region Business Technology Science Health Sports Opinion Arts Style Travel Jobs Real Estate Automobiles Back to Top Copyright 2009 The New York Times Company Privacy Policy Search

  13. OSU Student Health Services Travel Clinic Prices, 2015-2016 Travel Consult prices and length of appointment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullos, Desiree

    OSU Student Health Services Travel Clinic Prices, 2015-2016 Travel Consult prices and length. Prices listed below are subject to change based on vaccine or medication price increases. Vaccines prices, and region of travel all impact vaccine recommendations. Vaccine prices below include a $14 injection fee. Td

  14. THE TRAVEL AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONS OF SHARED AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES, USING AGENT-BASED MODEL SCENARIOS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kockelman, Kara M.

    the rental) like Car2Go and ZipCar have quickly expanded, with the number of U.S. users doubling every one traveler wait times. Next, the model is run over one-hundred days, with driverless vehicles ferrying. As of September 2013, Google had logged over 500,000 miles driven on public roadways using cars equipped with self

  15. Quantum heuristic algorithm for traveling salesman problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeongho Bang; Seokwon Yoo; James Lim; Junghee Ryu; Changhyoup Lee; Jinhyoung Lee

    2012-11-06

    We propose a quantum heuristic algorithm to solve a traveling salesman problem by generalizing Grover search. Sufficient conditions are derived to greatly enhance the probability of finding the tours with extremal costs, reaching almost to unity and they are shown characterized by statistical properties of tour costs. In particular for a Gaussian distribution of the tours along the cost we show that the quantum algorithm exhibits the quadratic speedup of its classical counterpart, similarly to Grover search.

  16. A comparison of trip production rates developed from two types of travel survey diaries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tyner, Fred Mack

    1996-01-01

    In recent years, two types of travel survey diaries have been used to collect travel behavior data for transportation planning: travel diaries and activity diaries. In the travel diary, respondents are prompted to respond for each trip. Further...

  17. Extension arm for mobile travelers suit case

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Byington, Gerald A. (Knoxville, TN)

    1999-01-01

    The invention is an apparatus for adjusting a luggage handle in relation to a luggage frame utilized to transport luggage by a traveler. The handle is connected to two extendable and retractable slide tube assemblies, the assemblies allow for the telescoping of the luggage handle to multiple positions in relation to a pair of fixed frame tubes connected to a luggage shell with wheels, to accommodate the height and personal stride of traveler. The luggage handle incorporates triggering buttons that allow ambidextrous and single-handed control of the height of the handle and slide tube assembly in relation to the luggage. The handle and slide tube assembly are connected by interior filaments to pulleys and filaments within two concentric light-weight slide tubes, which are inserted respectively into two fixed frame tubes, to allow a multitude of positions for the slide tubes to lock into the fixed frame tubes. The apparatus can be pushed or pulled by the traveler, and the support shell can accommodate multiple pieces of luggage.

  18. Stochastic simulation for the propagation of high-frequency acoustic waves through a random velocity field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lu, B.; Darmon, M.; Leymarie, N.; Chatillon, S.; Potel, C.

    2012-05-17

    In-service inspection of Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactors (SFR) requires the development of non-destructive techniques adapted to the harsh environment conditions and the examination complexity. From past experiences, ultrasonic techniques are considered as suitable candidates. The ultrasonic telemetry is a technique used to constantly insure the safe functioning of reactor inner components by determining their exact position: it consists in measuring the time of flight of the ultrasonic response obtained after propagation of a pulse emitted by a transducer and its interaction with the targets. While in-service the sodium flow creates turbulences that lead to temperature inhomogeneities, which translates into ultrasonic velocity inhomogeneities. These velocity variations could directly impact the accuracy of the target locating by introducing time of flight variations. A stochastic simulation model has been developed to calculate the propagation of ultrasonic waves in such an inhomogeneous medium. Using this approach, the travel time is randomly generated by a stochastic process whose inputs are the statistical moments of travel times known analytically. The stochastic model predicts beam deviations due to velocity inhomogeneities, which are similar to those provided by a determinist method, such as the ray method.

  19. Standing waves in the Universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evangelos Chaliasos

    2005-12-06

    At first, a review of our knowledge on the distribution of galaxies at large-scale, leading to a foam-like large-scale structure of the Universe, is presented in the Introduction. Then, it is shown how, according to the present theory for the formation of superclusters, wave scalar perturbations of the same frequency traveling in opposite directions give rise to standing waves, which cause a motion of the cosmic material towards the nodes, resulting in the concentration of the cosmic material around the nodes. Generalizing this effect to two (three) dimensions, the cosmic material is concentrated around the node lines (node surfaces). It is proposed that the three-dimensional effect is responsible for the foam-like large-scale structure of the Universe.

  20. WAVE HEIGHTS IN A 4D OCEAN WAVE FIELD Paul C. Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WAVE HEIGHTS IN A 4D OCEAN WAVE FIELD Paul C. Liu NOAA Great Lakes Environmental Research a preliminary examination and analysis of a small suite of 4-D wave data to explore what new insight century. We feel it is timely to encourage further 4-D ocean wave measurement and thereby facilitate fresh

  1. Vacuum Waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul S. Wesson

    2012-12-11

    As an example of the unification of gravitation and particle physics, an exact solution of the five-dimensional field equations is studied which describes waves in the classical Einstein vacuum. While the solution is essentially 5D in nature, the waves exist in ordinary 3D space, and may provide a way to test for an extra dimension.

  2. Numerical Simulation of Fault Zone Guided Waves: Accuracy and 3-D Effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Zion, Yehuda

    seismic velocity. When sources are located in or close to these low-velocity zones, guided seismic head for seismic fault zone head and trapped waves. Fault zone head waves propagate along material discontinuity Pure and Applied Geophysics #12;traveling inside low velocity fault zone layers with dispersive

  3. Multistage interaction of a shock wave and a strong vortex Shuhai Zhanga

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yong-Tao

    tube, it traveled back toward the vortex and the interaction between the shock and the vortex tookMultistage interaction of a shock wave and a strong vortex Shuhai Zhanga China Aerodynamics; published online 8 November 2005 The interaction between a shock wave and a strong vortex is simulated

  4. Under consideration for publication in J. Fluid Mech. 1 Hydroelastic waves on fluid sheets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parau, Emilian I.

    ). In particular our work may find application in flat plate-type fuel assemblies found in nuclear reactor coolingUnder consideration for publication in J. Fluid Mech. 1 Hydroelastic waves on fluid sheets M. G. B 6BT, UK (Received 26 March 2012) Nonlinear travelling waves on a two-dimensional inviscid fluid

  5. High-frequency waves guided by the subducted plates underneath Taiwan and their association with seismic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Kate Huihsuan

    High-frequency waves guided by the subducted plates underneath Taiwan and their association traveling up a subduction zone is frequently associated with significant large-amplitude, high-frequency offshore northern Taiwan reveal wave guide behavior: large, sustained high-frequency (3­10Hz) signal in P

  6. Dr. John Slough "Rapid Manned Mars Mission with a Propagating Magnetic Wave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shepherd, Simon

    Dr. John Slough MSNW "Rapid Manned Mars Mission with a Propagating Magnetic Wave Plasma Accelerator" For man to venture forth into the solar system, a radically different propulsion system must be envisioned problem. This is accomplished by employing a travelling magnetic wave accelerator to accelerate

  7. Investigation of an empirical methodology for linking value of time with census tract median income 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stockton, William Radney

    2009-05-15

    This research examines a new methodology for prospectively estimating the willingness of travelers to use a toll road by combining travel time saved with the income of the prospective customer base. The purpose of the ...

  8. Venue and Travel | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowingFuel Efficiency &Report | DepartmentVenue and Travel

  9. NO FLARES FROM GAMMA-RAY BURST AFTERGLOW BLAST WAVES ENCOUNTERING SUDDEN CIRCUMBURST DENSITY CHANGE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gat, Ilana; Van Eerten, Hendrik; MacFadyen, Andrew [Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics, Physics Department, New York University, New York, NY 10003 (United States)

    2013-08-10

    Afterglows of gamma-ray bursts are observed to produce light curves with the flux following power-law evolution in time. However, recent observations reveal bright flares at times on the order of minutes to days. One proposed explanation for these flares is the interaction of a relativistic blast wave with a circumburst density transition. In this paper, we model this type of interaction computationally in one and two dimensions, using a relativistic hydrodynamics code with adaptive mesh refinement called RAM, and analytically in one dimension. We simulate a blast wave traveling in a stellar wind environment that encounters a sudden change in density, followed by a homogeneous medium, and compute the observed radiation using a synchrotron model. We show that flares are not observable for an encounter with a sudden density increase, such as a wind termination shock, nor for an encounter with a sudden density decrease. Furthermore, by extending our analysis to two dimensions, we are able to resolve the spreading, collimation, and edge effects of the blast wave as it encounters the change in circumburst medium. In all cases considered in this paper, we find that a flare will not be observed for any of the density changes studied.

  10. Return to the Homeland: Travels in Nigeria by Ola Washington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amankulor, J. Ndukaku

    1989-01-01

    of America during her visit to Nigeria. The imponant thingshowed that she went to Nigeria having a positive attitudethe Homeland; Travels in Nigeria - No Snakes, No Monkeys, No

  11. Secretary Bodman Travels to Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    business leaders in Jordan. He will also travel to the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, and Egypt, to continue dialogues with global leaders, enhance the United States' relationship...

  12. Petroleum Reduction Strategies to Reduce Vehicle Miles Traveled

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    For reducing greenhouse gas emissions, the table below describes petroleum reduction strategies to reduce vehicle miles traveled, as well as guidance and best practices for each strategy.

  13. A Dynamic Traveling Salesman Problem with Stochastic Arc Costs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alejandro Toriello

    2012-08-31

    Aug 31, 2012 ... Abstract: We propose a dynamic traveling salesman problem (TSP) with stochastic arc costs motivated by applications, such as dynamic ...

  14. Secretary Moniz Announces Travel to Alaska, Idaho, Wyoming, Missouri...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    to Alaska, Idaho, Wyoming, Missouri to Discuss Energy Opportunities and Attend Dedication of Kansas City Plant Secretary Moniz Announces Travel to Alaska, Idaho, Wyoming,...

  15. The electronic version is the official version of this policy. Page 1 of 5 International Travel and Security Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calgary, University of

    will be specific targets; v. outbreaks of potentially fatal, easily contractible diseases having no known cure (e) "Employee" means any University employee, full-time or part-time, or any trust employee or other individual hired by the University on a contract basis, who is on approved international travel or service work

  16. New Exact Solutions of a Generalized Shallow Water Wave Equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bijan Bagchi; Supratim Das; Asish Ganguly

    2010-07-01

    In this work an extended elliptic function method is proposed and applied to the generalized shallow water wave equation. We systematically investigate to classify new exact travelling wave solutions expressible in terms of quasi-periodic elliptic integral function and doubly-periodic Jacobian elliptic functions. The derived new solutions include rational, periodic, singular and solitary wave solutions. An interesting comparison with the canonical procedure is provided. In some cases the obtained elliptic solution has singularity at certain region in the whole space. For such solutions we have computed the effective region where the obtained solution is free from such a singularity.

  17. Wave Propagation in Multiferroic Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, Scott Macklin

    2013-01-01

    130 SAW Waves . . . . . . . . . . . . . .QuasiStatic MEE Waves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .General MEE Wave Solution . . . . . . . . . . . .

  18. Emergence of exponentially small reflected waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volker Betz; Alain Joye; Stefan Teufel

    2008-04-23

    We study the time-dependent scattering of a quantum mechanical wave packet at a barrier for energies larger than the barrier height, in the semi-classical regime. More precisely, we are interested in the leading order of the exponentially small scattered part of the wave packet in the semiclassical parameter when the energy density of the incident wave is sharply peaked around some value. We prove that this reflected part has, to leading order, a Gaussian shape centered on the classical trajectory for all times soon after its birth time. We give explicit formulas and rigorous error bounds for the reflected wave for all of these times.

  19. Matter Wave Radiation Leading to Matter Teleportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yong-Yi Huang

    2015-02-12

    The concept of matter wave radiation is put forward, and its equation is established for the first time. The formalism solution shows that the probability density is a function of displacement and time. A free particle and a two-level system are reinvestigated considering the effect of matter wave radiation. Three feasible experimental designs, especially a modified Stern-Gerlach setup, are proposed to verify the existence of matter wave radiation. Matter wave radiation effect in relativity has been formulated in only a raw formulae, which offers another explanation of Lamb shift. A possible mechanics of matter teleportation is predicted due to the effect of matter wave radiation.

  20. Electromagnetic wave scattering by Schwarzschild black holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luís C. B. Crispino; Sam R. Dolan; Ednilton S. Oliveira

    2009-05-20

    We analyze the scattering of a planar monochromatic electromagnetic wave incident upon a Schwarzschild black hole. We obtain accurate numerical results from the partial wave method for the electromagnetic scattering cross section, and show that they are in excellent agreement with analytical approximations. The scattering of electromagnetic waves is compared with the scattering of scalar, spinor and gravitational waves. We present a unified picture of the scattering of all massless fields for the first time.

  1. Reflection and transmission of ocean wave spectra by a band of randomly distributed ice floes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montiel, Fabien; Bennetts, Luke

    2014-01-01

    A new ocean wave/sea-ice interaction model is proposed that simulates how a directional wave spectrum evolves as it travels through an arbitrary finite array of circular ice floes, where wave/ice dynamics are entirely governed by wave scattering effects. The model is applied to characterise the wave reflection and transmission properties of a strip of ice floes, such as an ice edge band. A method is devised to extract the reflected and transmitted directional wave spectra produced by the array. The method builds upon an integral mapping from polar to Cartesian coordinates of the scattered wave components. Sensitivity tests are conducted for a row of floes randomly perturbed from a regular arrangement. Results for random arrays are generated using ensemble averaging. A realistic ice edge band is then reconstructed from field experiments data. Simulations show a good qualitative agreement with the data in terms of transmitted wave energy and directional spreading. In particular, it is observed that short waves ...

  2. Internal wave instability: Wave-wave versus wave-induced mean flow interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sutherland, Bruce

    Internal wave instability: Wave-wave versus wave-induced mean flow interactions B. R. Sutherland fluid, vertically propagating internal gravity waves of moderately large amplitude can become unstable, energy from primary waves is transferred, for example, to waves with half frequency. Self

  3. Motor Fleet Approval Process Page 1 UNCW Travel System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    Motor Fleet Approval Process Page 1 UNCW Travel System Motor Fleet Approval Process Preparer submits the motor fleet vehicle request; and the request is automatically routed to the traveler an e-mail notifying them there are pending motor fleet signatures. If you are both supervisor

  4. INTERNATIONAL ACADEMIC TRAVEL AND U.S. EXPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, X. Rong

    INTERNATIONAL ACADEMIC TRAVEL AND U.S. EXPORT CONTROLS Updated on 5/15/2014 #12;What are Export Export Administration Regulations (EAR) ­ technologies with "dual uses" but primarily commercial 1 2 3 is an "Export" #12;INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL U.S. export control laws are principally concerned with: · Whether

  5. International Academic Travel and U.S. Export Controls INTRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, X. Rong

    TOPIC: International Academic Travel and U.S. Export Controls INTRODUCTION: Many principal, and to perform their actual field research. But the academic traveler's failure to comply with U.S. export, was recently convicted for conspiracy to violate the Arms Export Control Act (AECA), the parent statute

  6. Financial Policy Manual 2351 TRAVEL AND ENTERTAINMENT POLICY OVERVIEW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George, Edward I.

    Financial Policy Manual Page 1 2351 ­ TRAVEL AND ENTERTAINMENT POLICY ­ OVERVIEW Resp. Office/Revision: April 1, 2015 PURPOSE To provide a policy overview for the purchase and payment/reimbursement of travel and entertainment on behalf of the University. SCOPE This policy applies to all affiliates (faculty, staff, students

  7. Financial Policy Manual 2360 TRAVEL AND ENTERTAINMENT POLICY TELEPHONE USAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George, Edward I.

    Financial Policy Manual Page 1 2360 ­ TRAVEL AND ENTERTAINMENT POLICY ­ TELEPHONE USAGE Resp expenses incurred when traveling on behalf of the University. SCOPE This policy applies responsibilities of the employee, student or postdoc can be found in Policy #2352. RESPONSIBILITY OF APPROVERS

  8. Policy: Travel Compensation for Non-exempt Employees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Policy: Travel Compensation for Non-exempt Employees Information contained in this document serves for overtime by federal law) salaried and hourly employees while traveling. Although CSU policy and the Federal for supervisors to interpret multiple policies on their own, CEMML has created a policy to ensure compliance

  9. A Nonlocal Formulation of Rotational Water Waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anthony C. L Ashton; A. S. Fokas

    2011-07-29

    The classical equations of irrotational water waves have recently been reformulated as a system of two equations, one of which is an explicit non-local equation for the wave height and for the velocity potential evaluated on the free surface. Here, in the two dimensional case, (a) we generalise the relevant formulation to the case of constant vorticity, as well as to the case where the free surface is described by a multi-valued function; (b) in the case of travelling waves we derive an upper bound for the free surface; (c) in the case of constant vorticity we construct a sequence of nearly Hamiltonian systems which provide an approximation in the asymptotic limit of certain physical small parameters. In particular, the explicit dependence of the vorticity on the coefficients of the KdV equation is clarified. Also, in the irrotational case we extend the formalism to n>2 dimensions and analyse rigorously the linear limit of these equations.

  10. The thin section rock physics: Modeling and measurement of seismic wave velocity on the slice of carbonates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wardaya, P. D. Noh, K. A. B. M. Yusoff, W. I. B. W.; Ridha, S.; Nurhandoko, B. E. B.

    2014-09-25

    This paper discusses a new approach for investigating the seismic wave velocity of rock, specifically carbonates, as affected by their pore structures. While the conventional routine of seismic velocity measurement highly depends on the extensive laboratory experiment, the proposed approach utilizes the digital rock physics view which lies on the numerical experiment. Thus, instead of using core sample, we use the thin section image of carbonate rock to measure the effective seismic wave velocity when travelling on it. In the numerical experiment, thin section images act as the medium on which wave propagation will be simulated. For the modeling, an advanced technique based on artificial neural network was employed for building the velocity and density profile, replacing image's RGB pixel value with the seismic velocity and density of each rock constituent. Then, ultrasonic wave was simulated to propagate in the thin section image by using finite difference time domain method, based on assumption of an acoustic-isotropic medium. Effective velocities were drawn from the recorded signal and being compared to the velocity modeling from Wyllie time average model and Kuster-Toksoz rock physics model. To perform the modeling, image analysis routines were undertaken for quantifying the pore aspect ratio that is assumed to represent the rocks pore structure. In addition, porosity and mineral fraction required for velocity modeling were also quantified by using integrated neural network and image analysis technique. It was found that the Kuster-Toksoz gives the closer prediction to the measured velocity as compared to the Wyllie time average model. We also conclude that Wyllie time average that does not incorporate the pore structure parameter deviates significantly for samples having more than 40% porosity. Utilizing this approach we found a good agreement between numerical experiment and theoretically derived rock physics model for estimating the effective seismic wave velocity of rock.

  11. Shallow Water Waves and Solitary Waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hereman, Willy

    2013-01-01

    Encyclopedic article covering shallow water wave models used in oceanography and atmospheric science. Sections: Definition of the Subject; Introduction and Historical Perspective; Completely Integrable Shallow Water Wave Equations; Shallow Water Wave Equations of Geophysical Fluid Dynamics; Computation of Solitary Wave Solutions; Numerical Methods; Water Wave Experiments and Observations; Future Directions, and Bibliography.

  12. Fiber optic sensor employing successively destroyed coupled points or reflectors for detecting shock wave speed and damage location

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Weiss, Jonathan D. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1995-01-01

    A shock velocity and damage location sensor providing a means of measuring shock speed and damage location. The sensor consists of a long series of time-of-arrival "points" constructed with fiber optics. The fiber optic sensor apparatus measures shock velocity as the fiber sensor is progressively crushed as a shock wave proceeds in a direction along the fiber. The light received by a receiving means changes as time-of-arrival points are destroyed as the sensor is disturbed by the shock. The sensor may comprise a transmitting fiber bent into a series of loops and fused to a receiving fiber at various places, time-of-arrival points, along the receiving fibers length. At the "points" of contact, where a portion of the light leaves the transmitting fiber and enters the receiving fiber, the loops would be required to allow the light to travel backwards through the receiving fiber toward a receiving means. The sensor may also comprise a single optical fiber wherein the time-of-arrival points are comprised of reflection planes distributed along the fibers length. In this configuration, as the shock front proceeds along the fiber it destroys one reflector after another. The output received by a receiving means from this sensor may be a series of downward steps produced as the shock wave destroys one time-of-arrival point after another, or a nonsequential pattern of steps in the event time-of-arrival points are destroyed at any point along the sensor.

  13. Fiber optic sensor employing successively destroyed coupled points or reflectors for detecting shock wave speed and damage location

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Weiss, J.D.

    1995-08-29

    A shock velocity and damage location sensor providing a means of measuring shock speed and damage location is disclosed. The sensor consists of a long series of time-of-arrival ``points`` constructed with fiber optics. The fiber optic sensor apparatus measures shock velocity as the fiber sensor is progressively crushed as a shock wave proceeds in a direction along the fiber. The light received by a receiving means changes as time-of-arrival points are destroyed as the sensor is disturbed by the shock. The sensor may comprise a transmitting fiber bent into a series of loops and fused to a receiving fiber at various places, time-of-arrival points, along the receiving fibers length. At the ``points`` of contact, where a portion of the light leaves the transmitting fiber and enters the receiving fiber, the loops would be required to allow the light to travel backwards through the receiving fiber toward a receiving means. The sensor may also comprise a single optical fiber wherein the time-of-arrival points are comprised of reflection planes distributed along the fibers length. In this configuration, as the shock front proceeds along the fiber it destroys one reflector after another. The output received by a receiving means from this sensor may be a series of downward steps produced as the shock wave destroys one time-of-arrival point after another, or a nonsequential pattern of steps in the event time-of-arrival points are destroyed at any point along the sensor. 6 figs.

  14. Derivation of site-specific relationships between hydraulic parameters and p-wave velocities based on hydraulic and seismic tomography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brauchler, R.; Doetsch, J.; Dietrich, P.; Sauter, M.

    2012-01-10

    In this study, hydraulic and seismic tomographic measurements were used to derive a site-specific relationship between the geophysical parameter p-wave velocity and the hydraulic parameters, diffusivity and specific storage. Our field study includes diffusivity tomograms derived from hydraulic travel time tomography, specific storage tomograms, derived from hydraulic attenuation tomography, and p-wave velocity tomograms, derived from seismic tomography. The tomographic inversion was performed in all three cases with the SIRT (Simultaneous Iterative Reconstruction Technique) algorithm, using a ray tracing technique with curved trajectories. The experimental set-up was designed such that the p-wave velocity tomogram overlaps the hydraulic tomograms by half. The experiments were performed at a wellcharacterized sand and gravel aquifer, located in the Leine River valley near Göttingen, Germany. Access to the shallow subsurface was provided by direct-push technology. The high spatial resolution of hydraulic and seismic tomography was exploited to derive representative site-specific relationships between the hydraulic and geophysical parameters, based on the area where geophysical and hydraulic tests were performed. The transformation of the p-wave velocities into hydraulic properties was undertaken using a k-means cluster analysis. Results demonstrate that the combination of hydraulic and geophysical tomographic data is a promising approach to improve hydrogeophysical site characterization.

  15. Wave variability and wave spectra for wind generated gravity waves 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bretschneider, Charles L.

    1959-01-01

    A series of experiments of forces on a fixed vertical truncated column due to Stokes 5th order like waves were done in a wave tank. An effort was made to generate the waves as close as possible to theoretical Stokes 5th order waves. A systematic...

  16. Fractional Electromagnetic Waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. F. Gómez; J. J. Rosales; J. J. Bernal; V. I. Tkach; M. Guía

    2011-08-31

    In the present work we consider the electromagnetic wave equation in terms of the fractional derivative of the Caputo type. The order of the derivative being considered is 0 <\\gamma<1. A new parameter \\sigma, is introduced which characterizes the existence of the fractional components in the system. We analyze the fractional derivative with respect to time and space, for \\gamma = 1 and \\gamma = 1/2 cases.

  17. Reflection and Ducting of Gravity Waves Inside the Sun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacGregor, K B

    2011-01-01

    Internal gravity waves excited by overshoot at the bottom of the convection zone can be influenced by rotation and by the strong toroidal magnetic field that is likely to be present in the solar tachocline. Using a simple Cartesian model, we show how waves with a vertical component of propagation can be reflected when traveling through a layer containing a horizontal magnetic field with a strength that varies with depth. This interaction can prevent a portion of the downward-traveling wave energy flux from reaching the deep solar interior. If a highly reflecting magnetized layer is located some distance below the convection zone base, a duct or wave guide can be set up, wherein vertical propagation is restricted by successive reflections at the upper and lower boundaries. The presence of both upward- and downward-traveling disturbances inside the duct leads to the existence of a set of horizontally propagating modes that have significantly enhanced amplitudes. We point out that the helical structure of these ...

  18. Methodological Issues in the Estimation of the Travel, Energy, and Air Quality Impacts of Telecommuting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mokhtarian, Patricia; Handy, Susan; Salomon, Ilan

    1995-01-01

    have analyzed the air quality and energy impacts, but mostits travel, air quality, and energy impacts, and illustrateTHE TRAVEL, ENERGY, AND AIR QUALITY IMPACTS OF TELECOMMUTING

  19. How Common is Pedestrian Travel To, From, and Within Shopping Districts?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schneider, Robert J.; Pande, Swati S.

    2012-01-01

    Part 2. Footnotes Table 2. Pedestrian Travel on Tours To andDistricts Table 3. Pedestrian Travel Within ShoppingFigure 2. Respondent Pedestrian Path Density in Different

  20. Administrative Directive For: Travel and Related Expenses Rates, Suppliers and Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michelson, David G.

    1 Administrative Directive For: Travel and Related Expenses Rates, Suppliers and Services under Options - University travellers have the following alternate options for rental vehicle collision

  1. Observation of ion wave decay products of Langmuir waves generated by stimulated Raman scattering in ignition scale plasmas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

    Observation of ion wave decay products of Langmuir waves generated by stimulated Raman scattering the time resolved spectrum of ion wave decay products from two instabilities which can limit the growth of stimulated Raman scattering SRS . This experiment detected ion wave decay products far above the thermal

  2. Research equipment: Surface Acoustic Wave (SAW) devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gizeli, Electra

    Research equipment: Surface Acoustic Wave (SAW) devices: Operating frequencies @50MHz, 104MHz, 110 outputs measuring the real-time change of the phase and amplitude of the acoustic wave. More specifically with Dissipation monitoring (QCM-D): Qsense D-300 for real-time acoustic measurements at low frequencies (5-35MHz

  3. Deflagration Wave Profiles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Menikoff, Ralph

    2012-04-03

    Shock initiation in a plastic-bonded explosives (PBX) is due to hot spots. Current reactive burn models are based, at least heuristically, on the ignition and growth concept. The ignition phase occurs when a small localized region of high temperature (or hot spot) burns on a fast time scale. This is followed by a growth phase in which a reactive front spreads out from the hot spot. Propagating reactive fronts are deflagration waves. A key question is the deflagration speed in a PBX compressed and heated by a shock wave that generated the hot spot. Here, the ODEs for a steady deflagration wave profile in a compressible fluid are derived, along with the needed thermodynamic quantities of realistic equations of state corresponding to the reactants and products of a PBX. The properties of the wave profile equations are analyzed and an algorithm is derived for computing the deflagration speed. As an illustrative example, the algorithm is applied to compute the deflagration speed in shock compressed PBX 9501 as a function of shock pressure. The calculated deflagration speed, even at the CJ pressure, is low compared to the detonation speed. The implication of this are briefly discussed.

  4. Thermal Gravitational Waves from Primordial Black Holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Sivaram; Kenath Arun

    2010-05-19

    Thermal gravitational waves can be generated in various sources such as, in the cores of stars, white dwarfs and neutron stars due to the fermion collisions in the dense degenerate Fermi gas. Such high frequency thermal gravitational waves can also be produced during the collisions in a gamma ray burst or during the final stages of the evaporation of primordial black holes. Here we estimate the thermal gravitational waves from primordial black holes and estimate the integrated energy of the gravitational wave emission over the entire volume of the universe and over Hubble time. We also estimate the gravitational wave flux from gamma ray bursts and jets.

  5. Localization of Classical Waves I: Acoustic Waves.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Localization of Classical Waves I: Acoustic Waves. Alexander Figotin \\Lambda Department, 1997 Abstract We consider classical acoustic waves in a medium described by a position dependent mass the existence of localized waves, i.e., finite energy solutions of the acoustic equations with the property

  6. Coda wave interferometry 1 Coda wave interferometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snieder, Roel

    Coda wave interferometry 1 Coda wave interferometry An interferometer is an instrument that is sensitive to the interference of two or more waves (optical or acoustic). For example, an optical interferometer uses two interfering light beams to measure small length changes. Coda wave interferometry

  7. UW TravelWIse: New travel portal launched on Aug. 1 Effective Aug. 1, 2013 all UW employees have access to a new portal for all their UW business

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Paul G.

    UW TravelWIse: New travel portal launched on Aug. 1 Effective Aug. 1, 2013 all UW employees have access to a new portal for all their UW business travel needs. The portal, called UW TravelWIse, provides both convenience and consistency for all involved in business travel. Using the travel portal, UW

  8. U.S. Department of Energy Travel Manual

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2002-09-04

    To supplement information contained in the Federal Travel Regulation (FTR) by providing further clarification and establishing Department of Energy (DOE) policy on matters that the FTR left to Agency discretion. Canceled by DOE M 552.1-1A.

  9. U.S. Department of Energy Travel Manual

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2006-02-17

    The Manual supplements information in the Federal Travel Regulation (FTR) by providing further clarification and establishing Department of Energy (DOE) policy on matters that the FTR left to Agency discretion. Supersedes DOE M 552.1-1.

  10. Defining business strategy for development of travel and tourism industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davari, Dordaneh

    2011-01-01

    Many studies conducted on Travel and Tourism industry consider tourism an economic phenomenon. Providing a customer-satisfaction-based analysis, this thesis deals with both economic and social aspects. Economic data on ...

  11. Developing an alternative model for travel decision-making 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hung, Kam

    2009-05-15

    This study proposes an alternative travel decision making model and situates its arguments in the Motivation-Opportunity-Ability (MOA) theoretical construct. The MOA model suggests that motivation, opportunity, and ability ...

  12. Understanding transit travel behavior : value added by smart cards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Saumya, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2006-01-01

    Travel behavior represents a particularly complex area of research in transportation given the interaction between transport supply characteristics and the user perceptions which guide his/her decisions. Thanks to the ...

  13. THE GREATER TORONTO AREA TRAVEL DEMAND MODELLING SYSTEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    by the then Metropolitan Toronto Planning Department and the Ministry of Transportation, Ontario. Support and advice Post-Run Report 32 4.5 Base 1996 Files for Use in Post-Run Utilities 33 #12;GTA Travel Demand Modelling

  14. Odometer Versus Self-Reported Estimates of Vehicle Miles Traveled

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2000-01-01

    The findings described here compare odometer readings with self-reported estimates of Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT) to investigate to what extent self-reported VMT is a reliable surrogate for odometer-based VMT.

  15. Mission Travelers: Relationship-building and Crosscultural Adaptation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Yoon Jung

    2012-10-19

    . Considering the concept of the cultural distance between the participant's home culture and the host culture, American and Korean STM travelers who visited Cambodia or Thailand were recruited. Also, to understand the process of participant's relationship...

  16. ORISE: CDC Travelers' Health Team Receives Innovation Award for...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CDC Travelers' Health Team Receives Innovation Award for Website Redesign ORISE serves as lead redesign contractor on award-winning website redesign for the CDC How ORISE is Making...

  17. Method and apparatus for actively controlling a micro-scale flexural plate wave device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dohner, Jeffrey L. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2001-01-01

    An actively controlled flexural plate wave device provides a micro-scale pump. A method of actively controlling a flexural plate wave device produces traveling waves in the device by coordinating the interaction of a magnetic field with actively controlled currents. An actively-controlled flexural plate wave device can be placed in a fluid channel and adapted for use as a micro-scale fluid pump to cool or drive micro-scale systems, for example, micro-chips, micro-electrical-mechanical devices, micro-fluid circuits, or micro-scale chemical analysis devices.

  18. Student and Volunteer Travel to Countries under US State Department Travel Warnings ASSUMPTION OF RISK AND RELEASE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ziurys, Lucy M.

    at http://ua-risk.terradotta.com/ and the US State Department's Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP conditions; different standards of design, safety, and maintenance of buildings, public places

  19. Inhomogeneous High Frequency Expansion-Free Gravitational Waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Barrabes; P. A. Hogan

    2007-06-18

    We describe a natural inhomogeneous generalization of high frequency plane gravitational waves. The waves are high frequency waves of the Kundt type whose null propagation direction in space-time has vanishing expansion, twist and shear but is not covariantly constant. The introduction of a cosmological constant is discussed in some detail and a comparison is made with high frequency gravity waves having wave fronts homeomorphic to 2-spheres.

  20. Dislocations in magnetohydrodynamic waves in a stellar atmosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ariste, A López; Khomenko, E

    2013-01-01

    We describe the presence of wavefront dislocations in magnetohydrodynamic waves in stratified stellar atmospheres. Scalar dislocations such as edges and vortices can appear in Alfv\\'en waves, as well as in general magneto-acoustic waves. We detect those dislocations in observations of magnetohydrodynamic waves in sunspots in the solar chromosphere. Through the measured charge of all the dislocations observed, we can give for the first time estimates of the modal contribution in the waves propagating along magnetic fields in solar sunspots.

  1. Time cartogram series to explore differences in the level of railway services: a case of the Overijssel railways

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Time cartogram series to explore differences in the level of railway services: a case, population or travelling-time. A time cartogram is a type of cartogram in which the geographic-distance between locations is replaced by a time-related attribute (e.g., travelling-time) and the geography

  2. Modelling and geometry optimisation of wave energy converters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nørvåg, Kjetil

    Modelling and geometry optimisation of wave energy converters Adi Kurniawan Supervisors: Prof;Research questions Modelling How to develop more realistic wave energy converter (WEC) models while wave energy converter (WEC) models while at the same time reduce their simulation time? Optimisation

  3. Effects of Travel Reduction and Efficient Driving on Transportation: Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Numerous transportation strategies are directed at reducing energy use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by changing the behavior of individual drivers or travelers. These behavioral changes may have the effect of reducing travel, shifting travel to more efficient modes, or improving the efficiency of existing travel. Since the 1970s, federal, regional, state and municipal agencies have tried to reduce energy use, emissions, and congestion by influencing travel behavior. This report reviews and summarizes the literature on relationships between these strategies and transportation-related energy use and GHG emissions to examine how changes to travel behavior can reduce transportation energy use and discuss the potential for federal actions to affect travel behavior.

  4. College of Arts and Sciences Travel Award Application Please submit the following information to request a College of Arts and Sciences Travel Award. Programs may nominate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    College of Arts and Sciences Travel Award Application Please submit the following information to request a College of Arts and Sciences Travel Award. Programs may nominate up to three students the College Graduate Office website for additional information: http

  5. Spatiotemporal measurement of surfactant distribution on gravity-capillary waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strickland, Stephen L; Daniels, Karen E

    2015-01-01

    Materials adsorbed to the surface of a fluid -- for instance, crude oil, biogenic slicks, or industrial/medical surfactants -- will move in response to surface waves. Due to the difficulty of non-invasive measurement of the spatial distribution of a molecular monolayer, little is known about the dynamics that couple the surface waves and the evolving density field. Here, we report measurements of the spatiotemporal dynamics of the density field of an insoluble surfactant driven by gravity-capillary waves in a shallow cylindrical container. Standing Faraday waves and traveling waves generated by the meniscus are superimposed to create a non-trivial surfactant density field. We measure both the height field of the surface using moir\\'e-imaging, and the density field of the surfactant via the fluorescence of NBD-tagged phosphatidylcholine, a lipid. Through phase-averaging stroboscopically-acquired images of the density field, we determine that the surfactant accumulates on the leading edge of the traveling menis...

  6. Final Report Phase I Study to Characterize the Market Potential for Non-Motorized Travel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hwang, Ho-Ling [ORNL; Reuscher, Tim [Macrosys; Wilson, Daniel W [ORNL; Schmoyer, Richard L [ORNL

    2012-06-01

    The idea of livable communities suggests that people should have the option to utilize non-motorized travel (NMT), specifically walking and bicycling, to conduct their daily tasks. Forecasting personal travel by walk and bike is necessary as part of regional transportation planning, and requires fine detail not only about individual travel, but also on transportation and neighborhood infrastructure. In an attempt to characterize the 'market' potential for NMT, the Office of Planning, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) funded the Center for Transportation Analysis (CTA) of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to conduct a study. The objectives of this effort were to identify factors that influence communities to walk and bike and to examine why, or why not, travelers walk and bike in their communities. This study relied on information collected under the 2009 National Household Travel Survey (NHTS) as the major source of data, and was supplemented with data from the American Community Survey (ACS), educational survey, health, employment, and others. Initial statistical screening methods were applied to sort through over 400 potential predictor variables, and examined with various measures (e.g., walk trip per person, walk mileage per person, bike trip per person, bike mileage per person) as the dependent variables. The best geographic level of detail used in the modeling for this study was determined to be the Census block group level for walking and Census tract level for biking. The need for additional supplemental private data (i.e., Walk Scores and Nielsen employment data), and geospatial information that reflects land use and physical environments, became evident after an examination of findings from the initial screening models. To be feasible, in terms of costs and time, the geographic scale of the study region was scaled down to nine selected NHTS add-on regions. These regions were chosen based on various criteria including transit availability, population size, and a mix of geographic locations across the nation. Given the similarities in modeling results from walk trips and walk mileages, additional modeling efforts conducted under the later part of this study were focused on walk trips per person. Bike models were limited only with the stepwise logistic models using Census tracts in the selected regions. Due to NHTS sampling limitations, only about 12% of these tracts have bike trips recorded from NHTS sampled households. The modeling with NHTS bike data proved to be more challenging and time consuming than what was anticipated. Along with the late arrival of Nielsen employment data, the project team had to limit the modeling effort to focus on walking. Therefore, the final modeling and discriminant analysis was conducted only for walking trips.

  7. P-wave Indices to Detect Susceptibility to Atrial Fibrillation A Cabasson1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    P-wave Indices to Detect Susceptibility to Atrial Fibrillation A Cabasson1 , L Dang2 , JM Vesin1 or not. In addition to stan- dard temporal P-wave parameters (P-wave duration and PQ interval), an index of P-wave stability over time defined as the Euclidean distance between beat-to-beat P waves

  8. Modulated Wave Trains in Lattice Differential Systems H. J. Hupkes a,, B. Sandstede a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hupkes, Hermen Jan

    Modulated Wave Trains in Lattice Differential Systems H. J. Hupkes a,, B. Sandstede a a Brown spatially periodic structures with different wave numbers: the corresponding modulated wave train is time sinks is proved that connect wave trains with almost identical wave number. The main difficulty

  9. Wave Energy Converter Design Tool for Point Absorbers with Arbitrary Device Geometry Kelley Ruehl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siefert, Chris

    Wave Energy Converter Design Tool for Point Absorbers with Arbitrary Device Geometry Kelley Ruehl University Corvallis, OR, USA ABSTRACT In order to promote and support the wave energy industry, a Wave strategies. KEY WORDS: wave energy; point absorber; time-domain; design tool. INTRODUCTION Wave Energy

  10. Wave Energy Basics

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Wave energy technologies extract energy directly from surface waves or from pressure fluctuations below the surface. Renewable energy analysts believe there is enough energy in ocean waves to provide up to 2 terawatts of electricity.

  11. Wave Control Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirosoetisno, Djoko

    focussing: in crossing seas due to coastal or submarine convergences. Moreover, (rogue) wave energy devices maker to create the highest rogue wave? geometry and dynamo in a new rogue wave energy device? maximum

  12. University Of Aberdeen Sustainable Travel Plan 2013_2017 V1 0.Docx Page 1 of 18 University of Aberdeen Sustainable Travel Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neri, Peter

    . The development of a sustainable travel plan is a significant element in the fulfilment of our commitment to the University, and between University sites. reduce the environmental impact of travel associatedUniversity Of Aberdeen Sustainable Travel Plan 2013_2017 V1 0.Docx Page 1 of 18 University

  13. Ultrahigh-Speed Traveling-Wave Electroabsorption Modulator—Design and Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Paul K.L.

    1999-01-01

    Electroabsorption Modulator—Design and Analysis G. L. Li,ULTRAHIGH-SPEED TW-EAM—DESIGN AND ANALYSIS Fig. 4. Effect ofSPEED TW-EAM—DESIGN AND ANALYSIS a discrete transmission

  14. Traveling Wave Solutions for Systems of ODEs on a Two-Dimensional Spatial Lattice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Vleck, Erik; Mallet-Paret, John; Cahn, John W.

    1999-03-05

    We consider infinite systems of ODEs on the two-dimensional integer lattice, given by a bistable scalar ODE at each point, with a nearest neighbor coupling between lattice points. For a class of ideal nonlinearities, we ...

  15. Asymptotic Stability of Traveling Waves for Viscous Conservation Laws with Dispersion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the Rankine-Hugoniot condition f(u+ ) f(u ) s(u + u ) = 0 (1.4) and the Oleinik shock condition [12] f(u) f 2 by a general convex ux function f(u). This paper is organized as follows: In Section 2, we

  16. TRAVELING-WAVE TUBE AMPLIFIER CHARACTERISTICS STUDY FOR STOCHASTIC BEAM COOLING EXPERIMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leskovar, B.

    2010-01-01

    For this measurement the spectrum analyzer bandwidth was 300in this case a spectrum analyzer was used. The signal froma power meter or a spectrum analyzer being used for this

  17. Traveling waves for a model of gravity-driven film flows in cylindrical domains Roberto Camassaa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marzuola, Jeremy

    of the cur- rent study, where we further concentrate on the cylinder interior problem. In contrast with its-viscosity silicone oil was fed through an axisymmetric slit into the interior of a 40 cm long vertical tube. Once the entire tube was coated with oil, the free surface of the oil film was observed as it fell down the

  18. Chaotic Mixing of Tracer and Vorticity by Modulated Traveling Rossby Waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,-- even though the physics of the present case is very different. We have produced two independent of subtler aspects of the mixing. It is shown the chaotic advection produces very nonlocal mixing which cannot be represented by eddy diffusivity. Also, the power spectrum of the tracer field is found to be k

  19. Numerical Simulations of a Traveling Plane-Wave Actuator for Microfluidic Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikoglu, Berrin

    . Propulsion mechanisms of microscopic or- ganisms can be a viable option for pumping of fluids in a fluid. Microscopic organisms such as spermatozoa use similar mechanisms to propel themselves pumps are used to move the fluid mechanically in the sense that a structural component, which is

  20. Effect of traveling waves on Vortex-Induced Vibration of long flexible cylinders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaiswal, Vivek, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2009-01-01

    Offshore marine risers and pipelines, exposed to ocean currents, are susceptible to Vortex-Induced Vibration (VIV). Accurate prediction of VIV is necessary for estimating the fatigue life as well as for taking corrective ...

  1. Theory of the microelectronic traveling wave klystron amplifier with field-emission cathode array

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ryskin, N. M.; Han, S. T.; Jang, K. H.; Park, G. S. [Saratov State University, Saratov, 410012 (Russian Federation); School of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, 151-742 Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-09-15

    A nonlinear theory is developed to predict the gain of a distributed vacuum amplifier employed with field-emitter arrays. Contrary to conventional expectation, it is shown that density modulation of the electrons in the emitting structure is limited by high resistive losses and electronic damping. Therefore, a modified schematic is suggested with the high-frequency modulator separated from the emitter that only dc bias voltage is applied to. Small-signal calculation shows that 15-25 dB gain (with 3 dB bandwidth over 200 GHz) at 100-400 GHz frequency band can be obtained within 1-2 cm drift space length with currently available parameters of field emitters and microstrip transmission lines. Nonlinear calculations predict promising performances of good linearity and 13-20 dBm saturated output power. The suggested distributed vacuum amplifier fully based on microelectromechanical systems technologies would open a new era for the devices operating at the border of millimeter and submillimeter bands.

  2. Orthogonally interdigitated shielded serpentine travelling wave cathode ray tube deflection structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hagen, E.C.; Hudson, C.L.

    1995-07-25

    A new deflection structure which deflects a beam of charged particles, such as an electron beam, includes a serpentine set for transmitting a deflection field, and a shielding frame for housing the serpentine set. The serpentine set includes a vertical serpentine deflection element and a horizontal serpentine deflection element. These deflection elements are identical, and are interdigitatedly and orthogonally disposed relative to each other, for forming a central transmission passage, through which the electron beam passes, and is deflected by the deflection field, so as to minimize drift space signal distortion. The shielding frame includes a plurality of ground blocks, and forms an internal serpentine trough within these ground blocks, for housing the serpentine set. The deflection structure further includes a plurality of feedthrough connectors which are inserted through the shielding frame, and which are electrically connected to the serpentine set. 10 figs.

  3. 5. CONCLUSIONS In this article, a simple scanning traveling-wave plan array has

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asbeck, Peter M.

    communica- tion systems, such as cell phones, RF tags, and remote sensors. A key aspect to the success. M. Rammal, D. Eclercy, A. Reineix, and B. Jecko, Study of mutual coupling effect on radiated Propagat 37 (1989), 1361­ 1369. 8. A. Alaeddine, A. Reineix, and B. Jecko, Radiation characteristics

  4. Orthogonally interdigitated shielded serpentine travelling wave cathode ray tube deflection structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hagen, Edward C. (Las Vegas, NV); Hudson, Charles L. (Santa Barbara, CA)

    1995-01-01

    A new deflection structure (12) which deflects a beam of charged particles, uch as an electron beam (15), includes a serpentine set (20) for transmitting a deflection field, and a shielding frame (25) for housing the serpentine set (20). The serpentine set (20) includes a vertical serpentine deflection element (22) and a horizontal serpentine deflection element (24). These deflection elements (22, 24) are identical, and are interdigitatedly and orthogonally disposed relative to each other, for forming a central transmission passage (75), through which the electron beam (15) passes, and is deflected by the deflection field, so as to minimize drift space signal distortion. The shielding frame (25) includes a plurality of ground blocks (26, 28, 30, 32), and forms an internal serpentine trough (77) within these ground blocks, for housing the serpentine set (20). The deflection structure (12) further includes a plurality of feedthrough connectors (35, 37, 35I, 37I), which are inserted through the shielding frame (25), and which are electrically connected to the serpentine set (20).

  5. Phases of holographic d-wave superconductor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krikun, Alexander

    2015-01-01

    We study different phases in the holographic model of d-wave superconductor. These are described by solutions to the classical equations of motion found in different ansatze. Apart from the known homogeneous d-wave superconducting phase we find three new solutions. Two of them represent two distinct families of the spatially modulated solutions, which realize the charge density wave phases in the dual theory. The third one is the new homogeneous phase with nonzero anapole moment. These phases are relevant to the physics of cuprate high-Tc superconductor in pseudogap region. While the d-wave phase preserves translation, parity and time reversal symmetry, the striped phases break translations spontaneously. Parity and time-reversal are preserved when combined with discrete half-periodic shift of the wave. In anapole phase translation symmetry is preserved, but parity and time reversal are spontaneously broken. All of the considered solutions brake the global $U(1)$. Thermodynamical treatment shows that in the s...

  6. Landslide Stability: Role of Rainfall-Induced, Laterally Propagating, Pore-Pressure Waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landslide Stability: Role of Rainfall-Induced, Laterally Propagating, Pore-Pressure Waves GEORGE R: Translational Landslide, Hydrogeology, Rainfall, Pore Pressure, Johnson Creek, Oregon ABSTRACT The Johnson Creek pore-water pressure in the basal shear zone in the form of pulses of water pressure traveling laterally

  7. Wave function derivation of the JIMWLK equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexey V. Popov

    2008-12-16

    Using the stationary lightcone perturbation theory, we propose the complete and careful derivation the JIMWLK equation. We show that the rigorous treatment requires the knowledge of a boosted wave function with second order accuracy. Previous wave function approaches are incomplete and implicitly used the time ordered perturbation theory, which requires a usage of an external target field.

  8. Gravity Capillary Standing Water Waves Pietro Baldi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomann, Laurent

    Gravity Capillary Standing Water Waves Pietro Baldi Universit`a di Napoli Federico II Joint work with Thomas Alazard (ENS Paris) Pienza, 29 October 2014 Pietro Baldi Gravity Capillary Standing Water Waves construct small amplitude, standing solutions of Sobolev reg. (standing := periodic in time and space

  9. Wave-Packet Revivals for Quantum Systems with Nondegenerate Energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert Bluhm; Alan Kostelecky; Bogdan Tudose

    1996-09-26

    The revival structure of wave packets is examined for quantum systems having energies that depend on two nondegenerate quantum numbers. For such systems, the evolution of the wave packet is controlled by two classical periods and three revival times. These wave packets exhibit quantum beats in the initial motion as well as new types of long-term revivals. The issue of whether fractional revivals can form is addressed. We present an analytical proof showing that at certain times equal to rational fractions of the revival times the wave packet can reform as a sum of subsidiary waves and that both conventional and new types of fractional revivals can occur.

  10. Solar Eclipse Anomalies and Wave Refraction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alasdair Macleod

    2006-10-23

    There is some inconclusive evidence that measurement devices sensitive to local gravitation exhibit anomalous behaviour during solar eclipses. We investigate if these findings can be incorporated into the standard general relativistic model of gravitation. The General Theory of Relativity (GTR) describes gravitation as the response of an object to local spacetime curvature. Gravitational waves travelling at the speed of light are then a necessary mechanism to maintain the required consistency between local curvature and distant gravitating mass. Gravitational waves will certainly be subject to refraction by bodies such as the moon and we explore if such an effect can result in an error in the apparent position of the sources and thereby give rise to the characteristic pattern of response associated with the eclipse anomaly. It is found there are phenomenological similarities, but only if gravitational waves are considered not merely to respond to spacetime curvature but are also significantly affected by the presence of mass, perhaps in a manner analogous to electromagnetic waves propagating through matter.

  11. Some Wave Equations for Electromagnetism and Gravitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zi-Hua Weng

    2010-08-11

    The paper studies the inferences of wave equations for electromagnetic fields when there are gravitational fields at the same time. In the description with the algebra of octonions, the inferences of wave equations are identical with that in conventional electromagnetic theory with vector terminology. By means of the octonion exponential function, we can draw out that the electromagnetic waves are transverse waves in a vacuum, and rephrase the law of reflection, Snell's law, Fresnel formula, and total internal reflection etc. The study claims that the theoretical results of wave equations for electromagnetic strength keep unchanged in the case for coexistence of gravitational and electromagnetic fields. Meanwhile the electric and magnetic components of electromagnetic waves can not be determined simultaneously in electromagnetic fields.

  12. Refrigeration system having standing wave compressor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lucas, Timothy S. (Glen Allen, VA)

    1992-01-01

    A compression-evaporation refrigeration system, wherein gaseous compression of the refrigerant is provided by a standing wave compressor. The standing wave compressor is modified so as to provide a separate subcooling system for the refrigerant, so that efficiency losses due to flashing are reduced. Subcooling occurs when heat exchange is provided between the refrigerant and a heat pumping surface, which is exposed to the standing acoustic wave within the standing wave compressor. A variable capacity and variable discharge pressure for the standing wave compressor is provided. A control circuit simultaneously varies the capacity and discharge pressure in response to changing operating conditions, thereby maintaining the minimum discharge pressure needed for condensation to occur at any time. Thus, the power consumption of the standing wave compressor is reduced and system efficiency is improved.

  13. Big Flippin' Wave Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    Verdes, Campus Point, Coal Oil Point (Sands) Waves propagate perpendicular to isobaths (lines of constant

  14. Water Waves Roger Grimshaw

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Water Waves Roger Grimshaw May 7, 2003 Abstract A short review of the theory of weakly nonlinear water waves, prepared for the forthcoming Encyclopedia of Nonlinear Science 1 Introduction Water waves nonlinear waves. Throughout the theory is based on the traditional assumptions that water is inviscid

  15. Revisiting time reversal and holography with spacetime transformations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bacot, Vincent; Eddi, Antonin; Fink, Mathias; Fort, Emmanuel

    2015-01-01

    Wave control is usually performed by spatially engineering the properties of a medium. Because time and space play similar roles in wave propagation, manipulating time boundaries provides a complementary approach. Here, we experimentally demonstrate the relevance of this concept by introducing instantaneous time mirrors. We show with water waves that a sudden change of the effective gravity generates time-reversed waves that refocus at the source. We generalize this concept for all kinds of waves introducing a universal framework which explains the effect of any time disruption on wave propagation. We show that sudden changes of the medium properties generate instant wave sources that emerge instantaneously from the entire space at the time disruption. The time-reversed waves originate from these "Cauchy sources" which are the counterpart of Huygens virtual sources on a time boundary. It allows us to revisit the holographic method and introduce a new approach for wave control.

  16. 30 March 2012 Manual Process for Creating Travel Orders When

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , the CBA administrator (Patricia Freeman (3211)) must be contacted to provide the CBA account number and CBA expiration date to SATO. 4) Go to SATO's web site, Virtually There, www in the Travel Module under "Other Transportation." (For CBA ticketed transportation, Ticket Amount, Number

  17. The Path Less Travelled: Overcoming Tor's Bottlenecks with Traffic Splitting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldberg, Ian

    The Path Less Travelled: Overcoming Tor's Bottlenecks with Traffic Splitting Mashael AlSabah, Kevin of Computer Science University of Waterloo Abstract. Tor is the most popular low-latency anonymity network, Tor has a variety of performance problems that result in poor quality of service, a strong

  18. SIMON FRASER UNIVERSITY Travel and Business Expense Claim

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruin, Nils

    hereby certify that all expenses being claimed are net of any travel rebates, and agency discounts TO BE REIMBURSED GST REBATE * GST AMOUNT TO ENTER IN x 5/105 x 5/105 x 5/105 x 5/105 GST COLUMN ON PAGE 1 Above incurred outside Canada do not qualify for rebate. - It is the responsibility of the claimant department

  19. Approximation Algorithms for Multi-criteria Traveling Salesman Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Hanbali, Ahmad

    +3-42 +, respectively. Moreover, we design ran- domized approximation algorithms for multi-criteria () -ATSP (ratio 1 2. Therefore, we design randomized approximation schemes for multi-criteria cycle cover problems by showingApproximation Algorithms for Multi-criteria Traveling Salesman Problems Bodo Manthey1 and L

  20. Advanced Plug-in Electric Vehicle Travel and Charging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Advanced Plug-in Electric Vehicle Travel and Charging Behavior UC Davis Plug-in Hybrid and Electric Vehicle Research Center Michael Nicholas Thomas Turrentine Gil Tal #12;Project Overview · Provide most in-depth study of PEV usage and charging dynamics. Inform policy on battery size/vehicle architecture