National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for watt incandescent lighting-minimum

  1. ECE 466: LED Lighting Systems -Incandescent lightings rise and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Connors, Daniel A.

    ECE 466: LED Lighting Systems - Incandescent lightings rise and demise via government policy - Alternative Fluorescent light sources and compact fluorescent lights (CFL) to incandescents - Alternative LED light sources - Color index as well as Watts to Lumens efficiency available from all three light sources

  2. High efficiency incandescent lighting

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bermel, Peter; Ilic, Ognjen; Chan, Walker R.; Musabeyoglu, Ahmet; Cukierman, Aviv Ruben; Harradon, Michael Robert; Celanovic, Ivan; Soljacic, Marin

    2014-09-02

    Incandescent lighting structure. The structure includes a thermal emitter that can, but does not have to, include a first photonic crystal on its surface to tailor thermal emission coupled to, in a high-view-factor geometry, a second photonic filter selected to reflect infrared radiation back to the emitter while passing visible light. This structure is highly efficient as compared to standard incandescent light bulbs.

  3. Incandescent Lighting | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    courtesy of iStockphotoTokenPhoto. Incandescent lamps are often considered the least energy efficient type of electric lighting commonly found in residential buildings....

  4. How Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescent...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescents How Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescents November 5, 2014 - 11:39pm Addthis By...

  5. How Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescent...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    you can save 75 each year. Compared to traditional incandescents, energy-efficient lightbulbs such as halogen incandescents, compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs), and light emitting...

  6. Dual LED/incandescent security fixture

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gauna, Kevin Wayne

    2005-06-21

    A dual LED and incandescent security lighting system uses a hybrid approach to LED illumination. It combines an ambient LED illuminator with a standard incandescent lamp on a motion control sensor. The LED illuminator will activate with the onset of darkness (daylight control) and typically remain on during the course of the night ("always on"). The LED illumination, typically amber, is sufficient to provide low to moderate level lighting coverage to the wall and ground area adjacent to and under the fixture. The incandescent lamp is integrated with a motion control circuit and sensor. When movement in the field of view is detected (after darkness), the incandescent lamp is switched on, providing an increased level of illumination to the area. Instead of an "always on" LED illuminator, the LEDs may also be switched off when the incandescent lamp is switched on.

  7. How Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescent...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    used light fixtures or bulbs with models that have earned the ENERGY STAR, you can save 75 each year. Compared to traditional incandescents, energy-efficient lightbulbs...

  8. Music Scholarships @ Heriot-Watt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    Music Scholarships @ Heriot-Watt Heriot-Watt University awards many music scholarships each year in the form of free music tuition for talented choral singers and orchestral instrumentalists up to a maximum Music Scholarships offer tuition for one student up to a maximum of £500 per year. The Archer Music

  9. An Oscillating Magnet Watt Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmedov, H

    2015-01-01

    We establish the principles for a new generation of simplified and accurate watt balances in which an oscillating magnet generates Faraday's voltage in a stationary coil. A force measuring system and a mechanism providing vertical movements of the magnet are completely independent in an oscillating magnet watt balance. This remarkable feature allows to establish the link between the Planck constant and a macroscopic mass by a one single experiment. Weak dependence on variations of environmental and experimental conditions, weak sensitivity to ground vibrations and temperature changes, simple force measuring procedure, small sizes and other useful features offered by the novel approach considerably reduce the complexity of the experimental setup. We formulate the oscillating magnet watt balance principle and establish the measurement procedure for the Planck constant. We discuss the nature of oscillating magnet watt balance uncertainties and give a brief description of the National Metrology Institute (UME) wa...

  10. Tennessee Nuclear Profile - Watts Bar Nuclear Plant

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Watts Bar Nuclear Plant" "Unit","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Summer capacity factor (percent)","Type","Commercial operation date","License expiration...

  11. Development of a 500 Watt High Temperature Thermoelectric Generator...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    a 500 Watt High Temperature Thermoelectric Generator Development of a 500 Watt High Temperature Thermoelectric Generator A low temperature TEG has been built and tested providing...

  12. Development of a 100-Watt High Temperature Thermoelectric Generator...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    a 100-Watt High Temperature Thermoelectric Generator Development of a 100-Watt High Temperature Thermoelectric Generator Test results for low and high temperature thermoelectric...

  13. Watts, Oklahoma: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al.,Turin,VillageWarrensource HistoryOregon:WattQuiz Jump to:WattsWatts,

  14. CALiPER Benchmark Report: Performance of Incandescent A Type and Decorative Lamps and LED Replacements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2008-11-01

    This benchmark report addresses common omnidirectional incandescent lamps - A-type and small decorative, candelabra-type lamps - and their commercially available light-emitting diode (LED) replacements.

  15. Nuclear and Plasma Physics Heriot-Watt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenaway, Alan

    Nuclear and Plasma Physics Heriot-Watt 1. S. Porro, G. De Temmerman, S. Lisgo, D.L. Rudakov, A conditions" Journal of Nuclear Materials (2010), doi: 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2010.10.005 2. S Porro, G De L35 2008 Glasgow: Nuclear 19. GeV2 A. J. R. Puckett, et al (JLab, Hall A Collaboration) Recoil

  16. WASTE TO WATTS Waste is a Resource!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    WASTE TO WATTS Waste is a Resource! energy forum Case Studies from Estonia, Switzerland, Germany Bossart,· ABB Waste-to-Energy Plants Edmund Fleck,· ESWET Marcel van Berlo,· Afval Energie Bedrijf From Waste to Energy To Energy from Waste #12;9.00-9.30: Registration 9.30-9.40: Chairman Ella Stengler opens

  17. Development of a 100-Watt High Temperature Thermoelectric Generator

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Test results for low and high temperature thermoelectric generators (TEG) those for a 530-watt BiTe TEG; design and construction of a 100-watt high temperature TEG currently in fabrication.

  18. TerraWatt Power | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013) | Opensource HistoryTerraWatt Power Jump to: navigation, search

  19. WattQuiz | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al.,Turin,VillageWarrensource HistoryOregon:WattQuiz Jump to: navigation,

  20. PlotWatt | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio1975) |Texas: Energy Resources Jump to:PlotWatt Jump to: navigation,

  1. NoWatt | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg, Oregon: Energy ResourcesJiuyi HydropowerNoWatt Jump to:

  2. The Watt Stopper Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeterInformation Policy andInstitute JumpWash Tidal BarrierWatt

  3. Development of a 500 Watt High Temperature Thermoelectric Generator

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A low temperature TEG has been built and tested providing over 500 watts electric power at a ?T of 2000C

  4. Potential Environmental Impacts from the Metals in Incandescent, Compact Fluorescent Lamp (CFL), and Light-Emitting Diode (LED)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Short, Daniel

    Potential Environmental Impacts from the Metals in Incandescent, Compact Fluorescent Lamp (CFL, previous studies have investigated various environmental impacts from incandescent, CFL, and LED bulbs. There is uncertainty about the potential environmental impacts of these components and whether special provisions must

  5. Watt parameters for the Los Alamos Model : Subroutine getab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. P. Lestone

    2014-09-18

    Many neutron transport Monte-Carlo codes can randomly sample fission neutron energies from a Watt spectrum. The quality of simulations depends on how well the Watt spectrum represents the true energy spectrum of the fission neutrons, and on one's choice of the Watt parameters a and b. The energy spectra of fission neutrons have been calculated and tabulated for the neutron induced fission of 235,238U and 239Pu as a function of incoming neutron energy by Madland using the Los Alamos Model. Each of these energy spectra are mapped into time-of-flight space and fitted with a Watt spectrum. A subroutine getab has been written to interpolate these results, so that Watt a and b parameters can be estimated for all incoming neutron energies up to ~16 MeV.

  6. 1 KILOWATT = 1,000 WATTS 1 MEGAWATT = 1,000,000 WATTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hochberg, Michael

    microwave for 1 hour uses 1.2 kW-h of energy. That's 4.3 megajoules or 4,300,000 joules. Power is how fast production of 150 hp. human body base metabolism 80 watts 1 kilowatt microwave 26 cu ft. refrigerator (annual solar panel array (peak production) 1.5 kilowatt ~10 m2 space shuttle lifto hand-cranked generator 10

  7. Trico Electric Cooperative- SunWatts Incentive Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Through the SunWatts Program, Trico Electric Cooperative offers residential and business customers a rebate for installing solar water heaters. Rebates equal $0.40 per expected first year of...

  8. heriot-watt UNiVerSitY Creating Opportunity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    of the most critical drivers for Malaysia's transformation to a high-income nation, with its impact Alison Goligher OBE, Master of Engineering in Petroleum Heriot-Watt Alumni Get In Touch #12;Welcome

  9. Heriot-WattUniversity:Economic ImpactStudy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bosché, Frédéric

    HERIOT-WATT UNIVERSITY RESEARCH PARK.............................................40 9 GRADUATE Performance Indicators; · has a distinctive approach to industry engagement that directly enhances levels of industry engagement. 1.2 Summary of Findings The study considers the impact of the University

  10. Watts Community, Oklahoma: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al.,Turin,VillageWarrensource HistoryOregon:WattQuiz Jump to:Watts

  11. Writing on Clouds Vadim Mazalov and Stephen M. Watt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watt, Stephen M.

    time to improve personal writing recognition. This is done with the aid of a handwriting profile server-dimensional math input. Writing mathematics on a digital canvas is similar to traditional pen-on-paper input. Watt In our classification paradigm, a character is represented by the coefficients of an approximation

  12. Making Computer Algebra More Symbolic Stephen M. Watt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watt, Stephen M.

    with computer algebra built as a layer on top. On the other hand, we may view Axiom as a computer algebra systemMaking Computer Algebra More Symbolic Stephen M. Watt Abstract This paper is a step to bring closer" and the view of "computer algebra." Symbolic computation may be seen as working with expression trees

  13. Physical Gameplay using Augmented Reality Techniques Cody Watts Ehud Sharlin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharlin, Ehud

    Save `Em: Physical Gameplay using Augmented Reality Techniques Cody Watts Ehud Sharlin Interactions, Canada, T2N 4A8 {wattsc, ehud}@cpsc.ucalgary.ca ABSTRACT We present Save `Em, an augmented reality by moving gameplay to the physical environment. As in the classic computer game, Lemmings, Save `Em is based

  14. AVTA: GE Energy WattStation AC Level 2 Charging System Testing...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy WattStation AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: GE Energy WattStation AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced...

  15. Watt-Sun: A Multi-Scale, Multi-Model, Machine-Learning Solar...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Watt-Sun: A Multi-Scale, Multi-Model, Machine-Learning Solar Forecasting Technology Watt-Sun: A Multi-Scale, Multi-Model, Machine-Learning Solar Forecasting Technology IBM logo.png...

  16. A 400 to 500-MHz CMOS Power Amplifier with Multi-Watt Output

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuhn, William B.

    PA cells are power-combined to generate approximately 5-Watt output. The same PA chip is used, the authors demonstrated a fully integrated CMOS 1-Watt PA with high-Q 1:3 turns- ratio output balun [8A 400 to 500-MHz CMOS Power Amplifier with Multi-Watt Output Jeongmin Jeon, Student Member, IEEE

  17. White LED Benchmark of 65 Lumens Per Watt Achieved

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Novel chip design and the balance of multiple interrelated design parameters have enabled Cree, Inc.'s Santa Barbara Technology Center to demonstrate white LEDs with efficacies greater than 65 lumens per watt at 350 mA. The results are particularly significant because they were achieved with a pre-production prototype chip using the same package used in Cree's commercially available XLamp® 7090 high power LED, rather than a laboratory device.

  18. WATT Production of Solar Systems | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company)Idaho)Vossloh Kiepe Jump to: navigation, searchWATT

  19. Watt Does It Cost To Use It? | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematics And Statistics » USAJobs SearchAMERICA'S FUTURE.Projects at ArmyusingPeerTestingaHeadsWatt Does

  20. ORNL Trusted Corridors Project: Watts Bar Dam Inland Waterway Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, Randy M; Gross, Ian G; Smith, Cyrus M; Hill, David E

    2011-11-01

    Radiation has existed everywhere in the environment since the Earth's formation - in rocks, soil, water, and plants. The mining and processing of naturally occurring radioactive materials for use in medicine, power generation, consumer products, and industry inevitably generate emissions and waste. Radiological measuring devices have been used by industry for years to measure for radiation in undesired locations or simply identify radioactive materials. Since the terrorist attacks on the United States on 9-11-01 these radiation measuring devices have proliferated in many places in our nation's commerce system. DOE, TVA, the Army Corps and ORNL collaborated to test the usefulness of these devices in our nation's waterway system on this project. The purpose of the Watts Bar Dam ORNL Trusted Corridors project was to investigate the security, safety and enforcement needs of local, state and federal government entities for state-of-the-art sensor monitoring in regards to illegal cargo including utilization of the existing infrastructure. TVA's inland waterways lock system is a recognized and accepted infrastructure by the commercial carrier industry. Safety Monitoring activities included tow boat operators, commercial barges and vessels, recreational watercraft and their cargo, identification of unsafe vessels and carriers, and, monitoring of domestic and foreign commercial vessels and cargo identification. Safety Enforcement activities included cargo safety, tracking, identification of hazardous materials, waterway safety regulations, and hazardous materials regulations. Homeland Security and Law Enforcement Applications included Radiological Dispersive Devices (RDD) identification, identification of unsafe or illicit transport of hazardous materials including chemicals and radiological materials, and screening for shipments of illicit drugs. In the Fall of 2005 the SensorNet funding for the project expired. After several unsuccessful attempts to find a Federal sponsor to continue with the project, the Watts Bar Dam Project was canceled and the Exploranium radiation monitors were removed from the doors of Watts Bar Dam in early 2006. The DHS Domestic Nuclear Detection Office decided to proceed with a Pilot building on the ORNL work performed at the TN and SC weigh stations in the highway sector of the Trusted Corridors project and eventually expanded it to other southern states under the name of Southeastern Corridor Pilot Project (SETCP). Many of the Phase I goals were achieved however real-world test data of private watercraft and barges was never obtained.

  1. Generic Library Extension in a Heterogeneous Environment Cosmin Oancea Stephen M. Watt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watt, Stephen M.

    Generic Library Extension in a Heterogeneous Environment Cosmin Oancea Stephen M. Watt Department,watt}@csd.uwo.ca Abstract We examine what is necessary to allow generic libraries to be used naturally in a heterogeneous environment. Our approach is to treat a library as a software component and to view the problem as one

  2. Energy Savings and NOx Emissions Reduction Potential from the 2012 Federal Legislation to Phase Out Incandescent Lamps in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Zi; Baltazar, Juan Carlos; Haberl, Jeff; Soman, Rohit

    2010-01-01

    Lamps in Texas Description Value Reference Total Housing Units in Texas in 2013: 10,204,056 Real Estate Center, Texas A&M University3, U.S. Census Bureau4 5 Average Lighting Electricity Usage per House: 1,946 kWh/yr NREL Building America Program6... % of Lamps That can be Retrofitted with a CFL: 70% NREL Building America Program6 and ESL Assumption % of Savings From Replacing Incandescent to CFL Lamps: 75% ESL Assumption CFL Lighting Electricity Savings per House: 1,022 kWh/yr Total Annual CFL...

  3. A guide to web content for Heriot-Watt University websites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howie, Jim

    1 A guide to web content for Heriot-Watt University websites #12;2 Contents A guide to web content..........................................................................................................................3 Why is writing for the web different?..........................................................................................3 Planning your web content

  4. 2014-04-11 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document is a pre-publication Federal Register notice of proposed rulemaking regarding energy conservation standards for general service fluorescent lamps and incandescent reflectors lamps, as issued by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy on April 11, 2014.

  5. Fourteen Points for Energy Conservation in Lighting 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zekowski, G.

    1979-01-01

    are the approximate lumen output of various lamp types: Incandescent - 17 lumens per watt; mer cury-vapor - 55 lumens per watt; fluorescent - 65 lumens per watt; metal hal ide - 95 lumens per watt; and hi pressure sodium - 120 lumens per watt. As an example, using... a low 4?/Kw, ten hours per day, you can save: $10 per year using 1-32 watt fluorescent rather than 2-60 watt incandescents. Or $33 per year by using 1-40 watt fluorescent rather than 4-60 watt incandescents. Or $33 per year using 1-175 watt mercury...

  6. Rigid Deployable Solar Array A.M. Watt and S. Pellegrino

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pellegrino, Sergio

    with the design of low-cost rigid-panel deployable solar arrays with self- locking tape-spring hinges. The reportRigid Deployable Solar Array A.M. Watt and S. Pellegrino CUED/D-STRUCT/TR214 Department on the deployment of a solar array wing are evaluated experimentally. #12;#12;Contents 1 Introduction 1 1.1 Layout

  7. DIESEL AEROSOL SAMPLING IN THE David Kittelson, Jason Johnson, and Winthrop Watts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    chemical composition of diesel particulate matter collected in laboratory and in wind tunnel #12;In OrderDIESEL AEROSOL SAMPLING IN THE ATMOSPHERE David Kittelson, Jason Johnson, and Winthrop Watts Center for Diesel Research University of Minnesota 10th CRC ON-ROAD VEHICLE EMISSIONS WORKSHOP San Diego, California

  8. University of Hawai`i Watt Watcher: Energy Consumption Data Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Award No. DE-FC26-06NT42847 Hawai`i Distributed Energy Resource Technologies for Energy Security SubtaskUniversity of Hawai`i Watt Watcher: Energy Consumption Data Analysis Phase I Interim Report Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Under

  9. University of Hawai`i Watt Watcher: Energy Consumption Data Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -FC26-06NT42847 Hawai`i Distributed Energy Resource Technologies for Energy Security Subtask 11University of Hawai`i Watt Watcher: Energy Consumption Data Analysis Phase I Final Report Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Under Award No. DE

  10. Statistical analysis of wind energy in Chile David Watts a,b,*, Danilo Jara a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    Data Bank Statistical analysis of wind energy in Chile David Watts a,b,*, Danilo Jara December 2010 Keywords: Wind Wind speed Energy Capacity factor Electricity Chile a b s t r a c t Bearing role in any future national energy generation matrix. With a view to understanding the local wind

  11. EWEC2006 Scientific Track Offshore Meteorology for Multi-Mega-Watt Turbines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinemann, Detlev

    Durante5 , Jörg-Olaf Wolff6 1 ForWind - Center for Wind Energy Research, Institute of Physics, University, 34119 Kassel, Germany 5 DEWI, German Wind Energy Institute, Wilhelmshaven, Germany 6 PhysicalEWEC2006 ­ Scientific Track Offshore Meteorology for Multi-Mega-Watt Turbines Jens Tambke1

  12. Michael J. Watts Winner, Netting Award, Cultural and Political Ecology Specialty Group,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Batterbury, Simon

    struggling against oppression, #12;hierarchies of power, and disadvantageous markets, such that reciprocal. Watts, one of the most important figures in academic geography today, has transformed geography), the commercial transformation of chicken farms in the United States, mechanized rice farming in the Sacramento

  13. Closed-Form Solution to the Position Analysis of Watt-Baranov Trusses Using the Bilateration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    loops of the mechanism. The use of kinematic loops to this end has seldom been questioned de- spite the circular concatenation of the Watt mechanism irrespective of the re- sulting number of kinematic loops trusses, Assur kinematic chains, posi- tion analysis, bilateration, distance-based formulations. 1

  14. 50,000-Watt AM Stations IA | MB | MI | MN | NE | ND | ON | SD | WI | Station News | Owners | TV Captures | Links

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Gale

    that broadcast with a power of 50,000 Watts day and night. Some of these stations are what was once known50,000-Watt AM Stations IA | MB | MI | MN | NE | ND | ON | SD | WI | Station News | Owners | TV Captures | Links 50,000-Watt AM stations This list includes AM stations in the United States and Canada

  15. Effects of aggregate morphology and size on laser-induced incandescence and scattering from black carbon (mature soot)

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Bambha, Ray P.; Michelsen, Hope A.

    2015-07-03

    We have used a Single-Particle Soot Photometer (SP2) to measure time-resolved laser-induced incandescence (LII) and laser scatter from combustion-generated mature soot with a fractal dimension of 1.88 extracted from a burner. We have also made measurements on restructured mature-soot particles with a fractal dimension of 2.3–2.4. We reproduced the LII and laser-scatter temporal profiles with an energy- and mass-balance model, which accounted for heating of particles passed through a CW-laser beam over laser–particle interaction times of ~10 ?s. Furthermore, the results demonstrate a strong influence of aggregate size and morphology on LII and scattering signals. Conductive cooling competes with absorptivemore »heating on these time scales; the effects are reduced with increasing aggregate size and fractal dimension. These effects can lead to a significant delay in the onset of the LII signal and may explain an apparent low bias in the SP2 measurements for small particle sizes, particularly for fresh, mature soot. The results also reveal significant perturbations to the measured scattering signal from LII interference and suggest rapid expansion of the aggregates during sublimation.« less

  16. Optimizing performance per watt on GPUs in High Performance Computing: temperature, frequency and voltage effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, D C; Barsdell, B R; Babich, R; Greenhill, L J

    2014-01-01

    The magnitude of the real-time digital signal processing challenge attached to large radio astronomical antenna arrays motivates use of high performance computing (HPC) systems. The need for high power efficiency (performance per watt) at remote observatory sites parallels that in HPC broadly, where efficiency is an emerging critical metric. We investigate how the performance per watt of graphics processing units (GPUs) is affected by temperature, core clock frequency and voltage. Our results highlight how the underlying physical processes that govern transistor operation affect power efficiency. In particular, we show experimentally that GPU power consumption grows non-linearly with both temperature and supply voltage, as predicted by physical transistor models. We show lowering GPU supply voltage and increasing clock frequency while maintaining a low die temperature increases the power efficiency of an NVIDIA K20 GPU by up to 37-48% over default settings when running xGPU, a compute-bound code used in radio...

  17. Clinical and Experimental Optometry 88.5 September 2005 Retinal remodelling Jones, Watt and Marc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marc, Robert E.

    and Marc OPTOMETRY C L I N I C A L A N D E X P E R I M E N T A L Clin Exp Optom 2005; 88: 5: 282D Robert E Marc PhD Moran Eye Center, School of Medicine, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, USA Submitted and Experimental Optometry 88.5 September 2005 283 Retinal remodelling Jones, Watt and Marc dystrophies

  18. Sub-100 fs pulses at watt-level powers from a dissipative-soliton fiber laser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kieu, Khanh

    Sub-100 fs pulses at watt-level powers from a dissipative-soliton fiber laser K. Kieu,* W. H with cladding pumping for high average power. The laser generates 31 nJ chirped pulses at 70 MHz repetition rate, for an average power of 2.2 W. After dechirping outside the laser, 80 fs pulses, with 200 kW peak power

  19. Recommendation and implementation of special seasonal flow releases to enhance sauger spawning in Watts Bar tailwater

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yeager, B.; Shiao, Ming.

    1992-05-01

    In recent years sauger populations in Chickamauga Reservoir, as well as several other areas in the Tennessee River Valley, have suffered drastic declines in numbers. Based on field creel evaluations the fisherman harvest of sauger in Chickamauga Reservoir has declined from an estimated high of 66,000 fish caught in 1979 to 0 fish in 1989. The Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency began an aggressive effort in 1990 and 1991 to recover this population, as well as those of Ft. Loudon and Watts Bar Reservoirs, by stocking large numbers of fingerling sauger. This is however, only a short-term, stopgap measure. The decline in the population of Chickamauga Reservoir appears directly related to dramatically lower discharges from Watts Bar Dam during the recent drought. The primary factor affecting year-class strength (numbers of sauger successfully spawned in a year and reaching catchable size in subsequent years) is the amount of spawning habitat available in the month of April (the spawning season for sauger) at one particular site below Watts Bar Dam. This report documents studies aimed at optimizing sauger spawning in Chickamauga Reservoir.

  20. Soot particle sizing during high-pressure Diesel spray combustion via time-resolved laser-induced incandescence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ryser, R.; Gerber, T.; Dreier, T. [Reaction Analysis Group, Department of General Energy, Paul Scherrer Institute, CH-5232 Villigen (Switzerland)

    2009-01-15

    Single-pulse time-resolved laser-induced incandescence (TiRe-LII) signal transients from soot particulates were acquired during unsteady high pressure Diesel combustion in a constant volume cell for typical top dead center conditions during a Diesel engine cycle. Measurements were performed for initial gas pressures between 1 and 3 MPa, injection pressures between 50 and 130 MPa and laser probe timings between 5 and 16 ms after start of fuel injection. In separate experiments and for the same cell operating conditions gas temperatures were deduced from spectrally resolved soot pyrometry measurements. Implementing the LII model of Kock et al. [Combust. Flame 147 (20006) 79-92] ensemble mean soot particle diameters were evaluated from least-squares fitting of theoretical cooling curves to experimental TiRe-LII signal transients. Since in the experiments the environmental gas temperature and the width of an assumed particle size distribution were not known, the effects of the initial choice of these parameters on retrieved particle diameters were investigated. It is shown that evaluated mean particle diameters are only slightly biased by the choice of typical size distribution widths and gas temperatures. For a fixed combustion phase mean particle diameters are not much affected by gas pressure, however they become smaller at high fuel injection pressure. At a mean chamber pressure of 1.39 MPa evaluated mean particle diameters increased by a factor of two for probe delays between 5 and 16 ms after start of injection irrespective of the choices of first-guess fitting variables, indicating a certain robustness of data analysis procedure. (author)

  1. Soot particle sizing during high-pressure Diesel spray combustion via time-resolved laser-induced incandescence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ryser, R.; Gerber, T.; Dreier, T. [Reaction Analysis Group, Department of General Energy, Paul Scherrer Institute, CH-5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland)

    2008-11-15

    Single-pulse time-resolved laser-induced incandescence (TiRe-LII) signal transients from soot particulates were acquired during unsteady high pressure Diesel combustion in a constant volume cell for typical top dead center conditions during a Diesel engine cycle. Measurements were performed for initial gas pressures between 1 and 3 MPa, injection pressures between 50 and 130 MPa and laser probe timings between 5 and 16 ms after start of fuel injection. In separate experiments and for the same cell operating conditions gas temperatures were deduced from spectrally resolved soot pyrometry measurements. Implementing the LII model of Kock et al. [Combust. Flame 147 (2006) 79-92] ensemble mean soot particle diameters were evaluated from least-squares fitting of theoretical cooling curves to experimental TiRe-LII signal transients. Since in the experiments the environmental gas temperature and the width of an assumed particle size distribution were not known, the effects of the initial choice of these parameters on retrieved particle diameters were investigated. It is shown that evaluated mean particle diameters are only slightly biased by the choice of typical size distribution widths and gas temperatures. For a fixed combustion phase mean particle diameters are not much affected by gas pressure, however they become smaller at high fuel injection pressure. At a mean chamber pressure of 1.39 MPa evaluated mean particle diameters increased by a factor of two for probe delays between 5 and 16 ms after start of injection irrespective of the choices of first-guess fitting variables, indicating a certain robustness of data analysis procedure. (author)

  2. Lead test assembly irradiation and analysis Watts Bar Nuclear Plant, Tennessee and Hanford Site, Richland, Washington

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-07-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) needs to confirm the viability of using a commercial light water reactor (CLWR) as a potential source for maintaining the nation`s supply of tritium. The Proposed Action discussed in this environmental assessment is a limited scale confirmatory test that would provide DOE with information needed to assess that option. This document contains the environmental assessment results for the Lead test assembly irradiation and analysis for the Watts Bar Nuclear Plant, Tennessee, and the Hanford Site in Richland, Washington.

  3. Lumen Maintenance Testing of the Philips 60-Watt Replacement Lamp L Prize Entry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gordon, Kelly L.; Hafen, Ryan P.; Hathaway, John E.; McCullough, Jeffrey J.

    2012-09-01

    This paper describes testing conducted to evaluate the Philips' L Prize award winning 60-watt LED replacement product's ability to meet the lifetime/lumen maintenance requirement of the competition, which was: "having 70 percent of the lumen value under subparagraph (A) [producing a luminous flux greater than 900 lumens] exceeding 25,000 hours under typical conditions expected in residential use." A custom test apparatus was designed and constructed for this testing and a statistical approach was developed for use in evaluating the test results. This will be the only publicly available, third-party data set of long-term LED product operation.

  4. Acoustic emission monitoring of hot functional testing: Watts Bar Unit 1 Nuclear Reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hutton, P.H.; Dawson, J.F.; Friesel, M.A.; Harris, J.C.; Pappas, R.A.

    1984-06-01

    Acoustic emission (AE) monitoring of selected pressure boundary areas at TVA's Watts Bar, Unit 1 Nuclear Power Plant during hot functional preservice testing is described in this report. The report deals with background, methodology, and results. The work discussed here is a major milestone in a program supported by NRC to develop and demonstrate application of AE monitoring for continuous surveillance of reactor pressure boundaries to detect and evaluate growing flaws. The subject work demonstrated that anticipated problem areas can be overcome. Work is continuing toward AE monitoring during reactor operation.

  5. Lower Watts Bar Reservoir Clinch River/Poplar Creek | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties - WAPA PublicLED1,400 Jobs |Inc. | DepartmentModelingWatts Bar

  6. Watch the Watts: Tips for Buying a New Television | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'S FUTURE. regulators consumerWaste IsolationofWatch the Watts: Tips for

  7. Remedial investigation/feasibility study report for Lower Watts Bar Reservoir Operable Unit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-03-01

    This document is the combined Remedial Investigation and Feasibility Study Report for the lower Watts Bar Reservoir (LWBR) Operable Unit (OU). The LWBR is located in Roane, Rhea, and Meigs counties, Tennessee, and consists of Watts Bar Reservoir downstream of the Clinch river. This area has received hazardous substances released over a period of 50 years from the US Department of Energy`s Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR), a National Priority List site established under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA). As required by this law, the ORR and all off-site areas that have received contaminants, including LWBR, must be investigated to determine the risk to human health and the environment resulting from these releases, the need for any remedial action to reduce these risks, and the remedial actions that are most feasible for implementation in this OU. Contaminants from the ORR are primarily transported to the LWBR via the Clinch River. There is little data regarding the quantities of most contaminants potentially released from the ORR to the Clinch River, particularly for the early years of ORR operations. Estimates of the quantities released during this period are available for most radionuclides and some inorganic contaminants, indicating that releases 30 to 50 years ago were much higher than today. Since the early 1970s, the release of potential contaminants has been monitored for compliance with environmental law and reported in the annual environmental monitoring reports for the ORR.

  8. The Model 5000-16C 1000 WATT FEL Lamp Standard pro-vides absolute calibration of spectral irradiance from 250 nm to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Model 5000-16C 1000 WATT FEL Lamp Standard pro- vides absolute calibration of spectral irradiance from 250 nm to 2.5 microns.This Tungsten-Halogen Lamp Standard bears the ANSI designation of FEL might be discernible at the crossover point of the two referenced NIST Scales. 5000 FEL 1000Watt Lamp

  9. HERIOT-WATT UNIVERSITY -SCHOOL OF ENERGY, GEOSCIENCE, INFRASTRUCTURE AND SOCIETY Tuition Fees for Academic Year 2015-16

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    £11,850 £6,160 Bachelor of Science in Urban Planning and Property Development (with sandwich year) £1,820 £237 £9,000 £1,125 £13,020 £6,770 £1,820 £237 £11,850 £6,160 Bachelor of Science in Urban PlanningHERIOT-WATT UNIVERSITY - SCHOOL OF ENERGY, GEOSCIENCE, INFRASTRUCTURE AND SOCIETY Tuition Fees

  10. Policy on the Moderation of Assessment: Approved by the Senate, 22 May 2013 Heriot-Watt University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    1 Policy on the Moderation of Assessment: Approved by the Senate, 22 May 2013 Heriot-Watt University Policy on the Moderation of Assessment With diversity in form of assessment across multi in all disciplines, across all Schools and in all modes or locations of study. The University Policy

  11. Annual radiological environmental monitoring report: Watts Bar Nuclear Plant, 1992. Operations Services/Technical Programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-04-01

    This report describes the preoperational environmental radiological monitoring program conducted by TVA in the vicinity of the Watts Bar Nuclear Plant (WBN) in 1992. The program includes the collection of samples from the environment and the determination of the concentrations of radioactive materials in the samples. Samples are taken from stations in the general area of the plant and from areas that will not be influenced by plant operations. Material sampled includes air, water, milk, foods, vegetation, soil, fish, sediment, and direct radiation levels. During plant operations, results from stations near the plant will be compared with concentrations from control stations and with preoperational measurements to determine potential impacts to the public. Exposures calculated from environmental samples were contributed by naturally occurring radioactive materials, from materials commonly found in the environment as a result of atmospheric fallout, or from the operation of other nuclear facilities in the area. Since WBN has not operated, there has been no contribution of radioactivity from the plant to the environment.

  12. Recommendation and implementation of special seasonal flow releases to enhance sauger spawning in Watts Bar tailwater. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yeager, B.; Shiao, Ming

    1992-05-01

    In recent years sauger populations in Chickamauga Reservoir, as well as several other areas in the Tennessee River Valley, have suffered drastic declines in numbers. Based on field creel evaluations the fisherman harvest of sauger in Chickamauga Reservoir has declined from an estimated high of 66,000 fish caught in 1979 to 0 fish in 1989. The Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency began an aggressive effort in 1990 and 1991 to recover this population, as well as those of Ft. Loudon and Watts Bar Reservoirs, by stocking large numbers of fingerling sauger. This is however, only a short-term, stopgap measure. The decline in the population of Chickamauga Reservoir appears directly related to dramatically lower discharges from Watts Bar Dam during the recent drought. The primary factor affecting year-class strength (numbers of sauger successfully spawned in a year and reaching catchable size in subsequent years) is the amount of spawning habitat available in the month of April (the spawning season for sauger) at one particular site below Watts Bar Dam. This report documents studies aimed at optimizing sauger spawning in Chickamauga Reservoir.

  13. Evaluation of the irising effect of a slow-gating intensified charge-coupled device on laser-induced incandescence measurements of soot

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shaddix, Christopher R.; Williams, Timothy C. [Combustion Research Facility, Sandia National Laboratories, 7011 East Avenue, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)

    2009-03-15

    Intensified charge-coupled devices (ICCDs) are used extensively in many scientific and engineering environments to image weak or temporally short optical events. To optimize the quantum efficiency of light collection, many of these devices are chosen to have characteristic intensifier gate times that are relatively slow, on the order of tens of nanoseconds. For many measurements associated with nanosecond laser sources, such as scattering-based diagnostics and most laser-induced fluorescence applications, the signals rise and decay sufficiently fast during and after the laser pulse that the intensifier gate may be set to close after the cessation of the signal and still effectively reject interferences associated with longer time scales. However, the relatively long time scale and complex temporal response of laser-induced incandescence (LII) of nanometer-sized particles (such as soot) offer a difficult challenge to the use of slow-gating ICCDs for quantitative measurements. In this paper, ultraviolet Rayleigh scattering imaging is used to quantify the irising effect of a slow-gating scientific ICCD camera, and an analysis is conducted of LII image data collected with this camera as a function of intensifier gate width. The results demonstrate that relatively prompt LII detection, generally desirable to minimize the influences of particle size and local gas pressure and temperature on measurements of the soot volume fraction, is strongly influenced by the irising effect of slow-gating ICCDs.

  14. Results of Performance Tests Performed on the John Watts Casing Connection on 7" Pipe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John D. Watts

    1999-08-01

    Stress Engineering Services (SES) was contracted by Mr. John Watts to test his threaded connection developed for oilfield oil and gas service. This particular test required the application of a variety of loads including axial tension and compression, internal pressure (gas), external pressure (water), bending and both low and elevated temperature. These loads were used to determine the sealing and structural limits of the connection. The connection design tested had tapered threads with 10 threads per inch. A square thread form and a round thread form were tested. The square thread form had a 2{sup o} load flank and 15{sup o} stab flank. The round thread had a 0{sup o} load flank and 20{sup o} stab flank. Most of the testing was performed on the round thread form. Both a coupled connection design and an integral connection design were tested. The coupling was a pin by pin (male) thread, with the pipe having a box (female) thread. Both designs have outside and inside diameters that are flush with the pipe body. Both designs also contain a small external shoulder. The test procedure selected for this evaluation was the newly written ISO 13679 procedure for full scale testing of casing and tubing connections. The ISO procedure requires a variety of tests that includes makeup/breakout testing, internal gas sealability/external water sealability testing with axial tension, axial compression, bending, internal gas thermal cycle tests and limit load (failure) tests. This test was performed with four coupled samples and included most of these loads. Two integral samples were also included for limit load testing ISO makeup/breakout tests are divided into three types--initial makeup, IML1, repeated makeup within the same sample, MBL, and repeated makeup using several samples called round robin, RR. IMU and MBL were performed in this project. The ISO sealing and structural procedure is divided into four primary tests and identified as Series A, B, C and Limit Load (failure). Series A and B test to 95% actual yield of the pipe and Series C uses 90% of actual yield. Samples 1 and 3 were tested to Series A and the loads are shown in Figure 1. For these samples, the axial compression was limited to 75% pipe body yield, which was set by Mr. Watts at the beginning of the test. Samples 2 and 4 were tested to Series B with loads shown in Figure 2. This series included 20 degrees per 100 feet bending but no external pressure. Due to premature leaks, no samples were subjected to Series C which included mechanical and thermal cycles. Samples 5 and 6 were tested to failure. The project started with the selection and purchase of a popular size of oilfield pipe, which was 7-inch OD, 32 pound per foot, P-110 casing. While the connections were being threaded, material tensile tests were performed to get the actual strength of the 7-inch pipe. The first samples contained a square thread form. Excessive galling was experienced during the first series of makeup/breakout tests and Mr. Watts decided to change the thread form and remachine the samples. The second samples had a round thread form and performed very well in the makeup/breakout tests. Basically no galling occurred of any consequence. Samples 1 and 3 were to be tested with external water (ISO Series A) while samples 2 and 4 were to be tested with bending (ISO Series B, no external pressure). Testing of all four samples started with tension and internal gas pressure. During this initial pressure testing, samples 1, 3 and 4 developed leaks and the test was stopped before any external pressure or bending was applied. Sample 2 successfully tested to ISO Load Point 5 which included bending before developing a leak. Figure 3 shows the loads at which the samples leaked and the relative pipe body performance capability. Sample 1 and end A of sample 2 held a high pressure while samples 3, 4 and end B of sample 2 leaked at relatively low pressures. All of these leaks were with nitrogen gas pressure. After reviewing the results, it was believed that several conditions may have contributed to the prema

  15. Energy Savings and Green Initiatives Project Grant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kathy MacLennan

    2011-11-21

    This project entails retrofitting all four foot, 2, 3 and 4 bulb 40 watt T12 fixtures to T8 28 watt and 150 watt incandescent to 26 watt compact fluorescent bulbs. In total, 2,086 fixtures will be retrofitted

  16. Final project report on arsenic biogeochemistry in the Clinch River and Watts Bar Reservoir: Volume 2, Quality assurance/quality control summary report for arsenic biogeochemistry in the Clinch River and Watts Bar Reservoir. Environmental Restoration Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Newman, K.A.; Ford, C.J.; Byrd, J.T.

    1995-04-01

    Arsenic contamination was studied in the Clinch River/Watts Bar Reservoir (CR/WBR) system downstream from the US Department of Energy`s Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR). Arsenic is of particular interest and concern because (1) it occurs commonly in coal-bearing rock and waste products such as fly ash associated with the burning of coal, (2) it is classified as a Class A carcinogen by the US Environmental Protection Agency, and (3) disposal of fly ash, both on and off the ORR, may have contaminated surface water and sediments in the Clinch River and Watts Bar Reservoir. The present study dffers from previous reports on arsenic concentrations in the CR/WBR system in the use of much more sensitive and precise processing and analytical techniques to measure arsenic species (arsenate, arsenite, and organic arsenic) at levels well below the ecological and human health risk screening criteria. The absolute detection limits using these techniques are approximately 20 to 40 pmol/L or 0.0015 to 0.003 {mu}g/L.

  17. Final Project Report on Arsenic Biogeochemistry in the Clinch River and Watts Bar Reservoir, Volume 2: Quality Assurance/Quality Control Summary Report for Arsenic Biogeochemistry in the Clinch River and Watts Bar Reservoir

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Newman, K.A.

    1995-01-01

    Arsenic contamination was studied in the Clinch River/Watts Bar Reservoir (CR/WBR) system downstream from the U.S. Department of Energy's Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR). Arsenic is of particular interest and concern because (1) it occurs commonly in coal-bearing rock and waste products such as fly ash associated with the burning of coal, (2) it is classified as a Class A carcinogen by the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, and (3) disposal of fly ash, both on and off the ORR, may have contaminated surface water and sediments in the Clinch River and Watts Bar Reservoir. The present study differs from previous reports on arsenic concentrations in the CR/WBR system in the use of much more sensitive and precise processing and analytical techniques to measure arsenic species (arsenate, arsenite, and organic arsenic) at levels well below the ecological and human health risk screening criteria. The absolute detection limits using these techniques are approximately 20 to 40 pmol/L, or 0.0015 to 0.003 {micro}g/L. Four main sites were sampled quarterly over a 3-year period (1990 through 1992). Sites investigated included Lower Watts Bar Reservoir near the Watts Bar Dam (Tennessee River kilometer 849.6), the Kingston area (Clinch River kilometer 1.6), Poplar Creek (Poplar Creek kilometer 1.6), and the McCoy Branch Embayment (McCoy Branch kilometer 0.3). Additional sites were investigated in the vicinity of these main stations to determine the distribution of contamination and to identify possible alternative or additional sources of arsenic. Detection limits that were a factor of 20 below the minimum risk screening criteria were achieved for 100% of arsenic speciation data. However, 118 samples for inductively coupled plasma metals analysis were not preserved to analytical specifications, and the analytical holding times for 180 ion chromatography samples were not met. More rigorous preservative testing protocols and more tightly defined analytical statements of work will prevent these problems in the future. Introduction, background, materials and methods, results, discussion, and conclusions are presented in Volume 1. The Quality Assurance/Quality Control Summary Report; the listing of water quality and surface water arsenic speciation data by source and site; and the listing of pore water arsenic speciation and particle-to-water distribution coefficients for As, Fe, and Mn by source, site, and season are presented in Volume 2. The Clinch River Environmental Restoration Program is currently completing the second phase of the Clinch River Remedial Investigation, with the intent of performing a baseline risk assessment on collected data. The data collected for this report will contribute to the baseline risk assessment for the Clinch River. Many of the goals of the Clinch River Remedial Investigation were refined using the results of this study.

  18. Final project report on arsenic biogeochemistry in the Clinch River and Watts Bar Reservoir: Volume 1, Main text. Environmental Restoration Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ford, C.J.; Byrd, J.T.; Grebmeier, J.M.; Harris, R.A.; Moore, R.C.; Madix, S.E.; Newman, K.A.; Rash, C.D.

    1995-04-01

    This document reports on the study of arsenic contamination in the Clinch River/Watts Bar Reservoir (CR/WBR) system, downstream from the US Department of Energy`s Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR). Arsenic is of particular interest and concern because it occurs commonly in coal-bearing rock and waste products, such as fly ash associated with the burning of coal; it is classified as a Class A carcinogen by the Environmental Protection Agency; and disposal of fly ash, both on and off the ORR, may have contaminated surface water and sediments in the Clinch River and Watts Bar Reservoir. Four main sites were sampled quarterly over a 3-year period. Sites investigated included lower Watts Bar Reservoir near Watts Bar Dam [Tennessee River kilometer (TRK) 849.6], the Kingston area [Clinch River kilometer (CRK) 1.6], Poplar Creek, and the McCoy Branch Embayment. Additional sites were investigated in the vicinity of these main stations to determine the distribution of contamination and to identify possible alternative or additional sources of arsenic.

  19. Lab safety aerosols / sprays / fog machines 1. http://www.eliminatorlightingdirect.com/EF_400_400_Watt_Mini_Fog_Machine_p/ef-400.htm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Robert E.

    Lab safety ­ aerosols / sprays / fog machines 1 1. http://www.eliminatorlightingdirect.com/EF_400_400_Watt_Mini_Fog_Machine_p/ef-400.htm 2. Vitz, E., Lyle, K. S., J. Chem. Educ., 2008, 85(10), 1385 3. http with surface area (Video of a fog machine in operation) #12;Lab safety ­ aerosols / sprays / fog machines 2 1

  20. Preliminary systems-interaction results from the Digraph Matrix Analysis of the Watts Bar Nuclear Power Plant safety-injection systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sacks, I.J.; Ashmore, B.C.; Champney, J.M.; Alesso, H.P.

    1983-06-01

    This report provides preliminary results generated by a Digraph Matrix Analysis (DMA) for a Systems Interaction analysis performed on the Safety Injection System of the Tennessee Valley Authority Watts Bar Nuclear Power Plant. An overview of DMA is provided along with a brief description of the computer codes used in DMA.

  1. A Comparison between two methods for the measurement of the Planck constant h, the watt balance and the superconductor electromechanical oscillator methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osvaldo F. Schilling

    2009-08-14

    The purpose of this note is to make a brief analysis of the physical principles upon which two methods for relating the mass of an object to fundamental physical constants are based. The two methods are, namely, the watt balance method, and a still untested experimental technique based upon a superconductor electromechanical oscillator. We show that both these methods are governed by similar equations.

  2. Advanced Security Infrastructures for Grid Education Prof R.O. Sinnott, A.J. Stell, Dr J.P. Watt, Prof D.W. Chadwick,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kent, University of

    Advanced Security Infrastructures for Grid Education Prof R.O. Sinnott, A.J. Stell, Dr J.P. Watt domain. Keywords: Grid, education, Security, PERMIS, Shibboleth. 1. Introduction As Grid technology addressing these challenges. This is one of the first full Grid computing courses available today. Security

  3. POLICY ON STAFF USE OF WEB 2.0 TECHNOLOGIES Heriot-Watt University encourages staff to make appropriate use of Web 2.0 technologies in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howie, Jim

    POLICY ON STAFF USE OF WEB 2.0 TECHNOLOGIES Summary Heriot-Watt University encourages staff to make appropriate use of Web 2.0 technologies in work and private life. In order to promote student and staff safety and reduce legal, operational, financial and reputational risk to the University, all staff who use Web 2

  4. Incandescent Lighting | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-inPPLforLDRD Report11,SecurityHomeRemarks As Prepared for

  5. Incandescent Lighting | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof Energy ServicesContractingManagementSuccess,Energy

  6. Transport and accumulation of cesium-137 and mercury in the Clinch River and Watts Bar Reservoir system. Environmental Restoration Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olsen, C.R.; Larsen, I.L.; Lowry, P.D.; Moriones, C.R.; Ford, C.J.; Dearstone, K.C.; Turner, R.R.; Kimmel, B.L.; Brandt, C.C.

    1992-06-01

    Operations and waste disposal activities at the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), and the Oak Ridge K-25 Site (formerly the Oak Ridge Gaseous Diffusion Plant) on the US Department of Energy (DOE) Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) have introduced a variety of airborne, liquid, and solid wastes into the surrounding environment. Some of these wastes may affect off-site areas by entering local streams, which ultimately drain into the Clinch and Tennessee river system. Previously reported concentrations of radionuclides, metals and organic compounds in water, sediment, and biota of the Clinch River and Watts Bar Reservoir suggest the presence of a variety of contaminants of possible concern to the protection of human health and the environment. The work reported here represents part of the initial scoping phase for the Clinch River RCRA Facility Investigation. In this work, the distribution of {sup 137}Cs is used to identify contaminant accumulation patterns and potential problem, or ``hot-spot,`` areas with regard to environmental hazard or human health. Radiocesium was chosen for this scoping effort because (1) its history of release into the Clinch River is reasonably well documented, (2) it is easy and inexpensive to measure by gamma spectrometry, and (3) it is rapidly sorbed to particulate matter and thus serves as a cost-effective tracer for identifying the transport and accumulation patterns of many other particle-reactive contaminants, such as mercury (Hg), lead (Pb), and plutonium (Pu), and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs).

  7. Transport and accumulation of cesium-137 and mercury in the Clinch River and Watts Bar Reservoir system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olsen, C.R.; Larsen, I.L.; Lowry, P.D.; Moriones, C.R.; Ford, C.J.; Dearstone, K.C.; Turner, R.R.; Kimmel, B.L.; Brandt, C.C.

    1992-06-01

    Operations and waste disposal activities at the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), and the Oak Ridge K-25 Site (formerly the Oak Ridge Gaseous Diffusion Plant) on the US Department of Energy (DOE) Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) have introduced a variety of airborne, liquid, and solid wastes into the surrounding environment. Some of these wastes may affect off-site areas by entering local streams, which ultimately drain into the Clinch and Tennessee river system. Previously reported concentrations of radionuclides, metals and organic compounds in water, sediment, and biota of the Clinch River and Watts Bar Reservoir suggest the presence of a variety of contaminants of possible concern to the protection of human health and the environment. The work reported here represents part of the initial scoping phase for the Clinch River RCRA Facility Investigation. In this work, the distribution of {sup 137}Cs is used to identify contaminant accumulation patterns and potential problem, or hot-spot,'' areas with regard to environmental hazard or human health. Radiocesium was chosen for this scoping effort because (1) its history of release into the Clinch River is reasonably well documented, (2) it is easy and inexpensive to measure by gamma spectrometry, and (3) it is rapidly sorbed to particulate matter and thus serves as a cost-effective tracer for identifying the transport and accumulation patterns of many other particle-reactive contaminants, such as mercury (Hg), lead (Pb), and plutonium (Pu), and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs).

  8. Safety Evaluation Report related to the operation of Watts Bar Nuclear Plant, Units 1 and 2 (Docket Nos. 50-390 and 50-391). Supplement No. 12

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tam, P.S.

    1993-10-01

    Supplement No. 12 to the Safety Evaluation Report for the application filed by the Tennessee Valley Authority for license to operate Watts Bar Nuclear Plant, Units 1 and 2, Docket Nos. 50-390 and 50-391, located in Rhea County, Tennessee, has been prepared by the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The purpose of this supplement is to update the Safety Evaluation of (1) additional information submitted by the applicant since Supplement No. 11 was issued, and (2) matters that the staff had under review when Supplement No. 11 was issued.

  9. Safety evaluation report related to the operation of Watts Bar Nuclear Plant, Units 1 and 2 (Docket Nos. 50-390 and 50-391). Supplement No. 14

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tam, P.S.

    1994-12-01

    Supplement No. 14 to the Safety Evaluation Report for the application filed by the Tennessee Valley Authority for license to operate Watts Bar Nuclear Plant, Units 1 and 2, Docket Nos. 50-390 and 50-391, located in Rhea County, Tennessee, has been prepared by the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The purpose of this supplement is to update the Safety Evaluation with additional information submitted by the applicant since Supplement No. 13 was issued, and matters that the staff had under review when Supplement No. 13 was issued.

  10. Luminous Efficacy Standards for General Purpose Lights

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    *Efficacy refers to the overall energy efficiency of light and is measured in lumens (measure of light output) per watt (measure of power input). The efficacy of a typical incandescent light bulb...

  11. Powering a Home with Just 25 Watts of Solar PV. Super-Efficient Appliances Can Enable Expanded Off-Grid Energy Service Using Small Solar Power Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phadke, Amol A.; Jacobson, Arne; Park, Won Young; Lee, Ga Rick; Alstone, Peter; Khare, Amit

    2015-04-01

    Highly efficient direct current (DC) appliances have the potential to dramatically increase the affordability of off-grid solar power systems used for rural electrification in developing countries by reducing the size of the systems required. For example, the combined power requirement of a highly efficient color TV, four DC light emitting diode (LED) lamps, a mobile phone charger, and a radio is approximately 18 watts and can be supported by a small solar power system (at 27 watts peak, Wp). Price declines and efficiency advances in LED technology are already enabling rapidly increased use of small off-grid lighting systems in Africa and Asia. Similar progress is also possible for larger household-scale solar home systems that power appliances such as lights, TVs, fans, radios, and mobile phones. When super-efficient appliances are used, the total cost of solar home systems and their associated appliances can be reduced by as much as 50%. The results vary according to the appliances used with the system. These findings have critical relevance for efforts to provide modern energy services to the 1.2 billion people worldwide without access to the electrical grid and one billion more with unreliable access. However, policy and market support are needed to realize rapid adoption of super-efficient appliances.

  12. A review of "The Arts of 17th-Century Science: Representations of the Natural World in European and North American Culture." by Claire Jowitt and Diane Watt, eds. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karol K. Weaver

    2003-01-01

    in the Development of the Western World, [1957] 260). Claire Jowitt and Diane Watt, eds. The Arts of 17 th -Century Science: Representations of the Natural World in European and North Ameri- can Culture. Aldershot, U.K.: Ashgate. 284 pp. $84.95. Review... overlapped and influenced each other. Editors Claire Jowitt and Diane Watt skillfully separated the volume into four major topics, did a fine job selecting essays that explored these subjects, and placed essays in such a way that they supported one another...

  13. Qualifying entry grades/scores for the Heriot-Watt Academic Scholarship This list sets out the minimum A-Level grades / UCAS Tariff Points for award of Scholarship

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    Qualifying entry grades/scores for the Heriot-Watt Academic Scholarship This list sets out the minimum A-Level grades / UCAS Tariff Points for award of Scholarship: School of Engineering & Physical Sciences · Chemistry: AAA or A*AB (360 points) Contact: Jim Cameron, 0131 451 3104 · Chemical Engineering

  14. Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts | Department of...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    (R)or parabolic reflector (PAR) CFLs for flood and spotlighting. Some CFL fixtures have built-in electronic ballasts and polished metal reflectors. When used in recessed...

  15. Energy-efficient incandescent lamp: Final report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verderber, R.

    2010-01-01

    more energy than the best " Energy Ef- ficient Incandescentbest available conventional glass envelopes the greatest energyenvelope of best optical accuracy. The energy saving could

  16. Energy-efficient incandescent lamp: Final report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verderber, R.

    2010-01-01

    have doubled luminous efficacy, corresponding to 50% energyluminous than the clear lamp. The value of visible wattage 1n the energyluminous efficacy without l i f e reduction. Such efficacy Increase corresponds to an energy

  17. Incandescent Lighting Basics | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATION PLAN FOR THE SITE-218in a V2O5 Battery Electrode

  18. Energy-Saving Incandescents | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submitKansasCommunities EnergyU.S. DOEEnergy StorageTricks Lead3Image icon

  19. Energy-Saving Incandescents | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submitKansasCommunities EnergyU.S. DOEEnergy StorageTricks Lead3Image iconFile

  20. 500-watt commercialized concentrator system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ronney, K.; Aerni, E.

    1983-02-01

    A passively cooled, single-axis tracking, polar-axis mounted photovoltaic concentrator system has been designed, fabricated, installed, and tested. System description, design considerations, system performance and a production cost estimate are detailed.

  1. Anthony Brian Watts Academic qualifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watts, A. B. "Tony"

    Smith Lecturer of the Geological Society of London. 1988 Bullerwell Lecturer of the British Geophysical and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami. 1981 A. I. Levorsen Award of the American Association of Petroleum

  2. Doppler-free intermodulated fluorescence spectroscopy of $^4He$ $2^3P-3^{1,3}D$ transitions at 588 nm with a one-watt compact laser system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luo, Pei-Ling; Feng, Yan; Wang, Li-Bang; Shy, Jow-Tsong

    2015-01-01

    We have demonstrated Doppler-free intermodulated fluorescence spectroscopy of helium $2^3P-3^{1,3}D$ transitions in an rf discharged sealed-off cell using a compact laser system at 588 nm. An external cavity diode laser at 1176 nm was constructed to seed a Raman fiber amplifier. Laser power of more than one watt at 588 nm was produced by frequency doubling of the fiber amplifier output using a MgO:PPLN crystal. A doubling efficiency of 23 % was achieved. The power-dependent spectra of the $2^3P-3^3D$ transitions were investigated. Furthermore, the Doppler-free spectrum of the spin-forbidden $2^3P-3^1D$ transitions was observed for the first time. Our results are crucial towards precision test of QED atomic calculations, especially for improving the determination of the helium $3^1D-3^3D$ separation.

  3. Underwater Lighting by Submerged Lasers and Incandescent Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duntley, Seibert Q

    1971-01-01

    case contains a rotary solenoid with its axle protrudingcylinder containing a rotary solenoid is mount- ed above theshown in Fig. 7-9 is a rotary solenoid which is a part This

  4. A Bright Idea: New Efficiency Standards for Incandescent and Fluorescent

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing ToolInternationalReportOffice | DepartmentVery1, in: Statement of Dr.26Former|A

  5. DOE Requires Manufacturer and Labeler to Cease Sale of Incandescent

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based| Department ofRefrigeratorsDepartmentEP9425

  6. How Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescents |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof Energy ServicesContracting OversightEMSHome

  7. VP 100: Retooling Michigan-- Yachts and Watts

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Tiara Yachts makes fiber composite structures for boats. Now the Holland, Mich.-based company is transforming part of its factory and using its 30 years of expertise in composites to establish a new company - Energetx Composites - that will produce commercial-sized wind turbine blades.

  8. Reducing Leaking Electricity to 1 Watt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meier, A.K.; Huber, Wolfgang; Rosen, Karen

    1998-01-01

    Flash Register Input/Output Emitters Light emitting diode (LED) Light emitting diode (LED) Liquid crystal display (LCD)displays are light emitting diodes (LEDs) and vacuum

  9. Conserving Energy with No Watt Left Behind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leeb, Steven B.

    Facilities managers for industrial and commercial sites want to develop detailed electrical consumption profiles of their electrical and electromechanical loads, including expensive physical plant for heating, ventilation, ...

  10. GlobalWatt Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:BoreOpenGilliamOhio:ChangeGlobalData Jump to:

  11. Shanghai Solar Watt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity for Low EmissionTianhong Silicon MaterialNewHuiyang

  12. SpectraWatt | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren) Jump to: navigation,SouthwoodJump to:NewSpecialSpectra

  13. MegaWatt Solar | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland: Energy Resources Jump to:Electric Coop,Smw importMeeme,Meetsolar Jump

  14. Watts Bar Operating Cycles Simulated to Present

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAbout /Two0Photos and Videos/01/2012 Page 1WaterWaterComing in our

  15. AstroWatt | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAandAmminex A SOpenAshley, Ohio: Energy-ResourceAstha

  16. AlphaWatt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'S FUTURE.EnergyWoodenDateSA JumpSolar PV Jump to:

  17. Goodbye, Watts. Hello, LUMENS! | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journalvivo Low-Dose Low LETUsefulJorge Gardea-Torresdey,Good

  18. Energy efficient control for power management circuits operating from nano-watts to watts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandyopadhyay, Saurav

    2013-01-01

    Energy efficiency and form factor are the key driving forces in today's power electronics. All power delivery circuits, irrespective of the magnitude of power, basically consists of power trains, gate drivers and control ...

  19. HERIOT-WATT UNIVERSITY NEWS: SUMMER 2011 Residences Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    at the Edinburgh and Scottish Borders Campuses Textiles Conservation Grant funding for Textile Collection Dubai Professor Alan McKinnon's experience at the World Economic Forum and astronaut Dr Bonnie Jeanne Dunbar

  20. Wind, Thermal, and Earthquake Monitoring of the Watts Towers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    English, Jackson

    2013-01-01

    Reston, VA. Applied Geomechanics (2001). “Model   716-2  biaxial tiltmeter (model 716-2B) from Applied Geomechanics (Applied Geomechanics, 2001), which is accurate down to

  1. HERIOT-WATT UNIVERSITY NEWS: WINTER 2010 40th Anniversary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    will be eco-friendly and extend the 1,500-student capacity to accommodate a further 3,000 enrolments

  2. Design of a 50-watt air supplied turbogenerator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jovanovic, Stevan, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01

    This thesis presents the design of a high-pressure-ratio, low-flow turbogenerator with 50 W electrical power output, designed to operate from a 5-bar air supply. The research shows that a MEMS-based silicon turbine in ...

  3. Where are your BTUs? Watt are you doing about it?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Venkat

    ) Assist the Early and Cost Effective Implementation of Emerging Technologies in: Energy Efficiency andand (1015 BTUs) EIA AER 2007 #12;YOUR BTU Consumption Rate USA P C it E C tiUSA Per Capita Energy% eat) Industrial 38% #12;Energy Efficiency Benefits 27% Savings Cost Effective · 3 Yr Payback Comm

  4. Heriot-Watt University Spin-Out Company Successes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    Technologies Ltd 2009 Innovative technologies for hydrocarbon recovery and storage of carbon dioxide assurance and hydrate measurement for petroleum engineering Power Photonic Ltd 2004 Design and manufacture

  5. Working with Industry Heriot-Watt University has a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenaway, Alan

    , and Solar Thermal. I Centre for Advanced Energy Storage and Recovery (CAESAR) CAESAR is an interdisciplinary-efficiency Silicon Solar Cells, Modelling of Solar Energy Devices, PV- and Wind- Powered Water Treatment Systems

  6. Wind, Thermal, and Earthquake Monitoring of the Watts Towers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    English, Jackson

    2013-01-01

    Paradigm for Vibration-Based Structural Health Monitoring.Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring, Stanford, CA,Worden, K (2001) “Structural   Health   Monitoring   Using  

  7. Mathematics Heriot-Watt University Mathematics (along with our

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenaway, Alan

    fundamental theory, applications, and interdisciplinary innovation, our research culture provides a rich equations and dynamical systems including nonlinear waves, continuum mechanics, electromagnetic and elastic of mathematics to cell biology, medicine, ecology and evolution, and the theoretical fundamentals of string

  8. HERIOT-WATT UNIVERSITY NEWS: WINTER 2009 Focus on the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    at the International Centre for Brewing & Distilling open day and at the master class given by George Davies

  9. Sulphur Springs Valley EC- SunWatts Loan Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Sulphur Springs Valley Electric Cooperative (SSVEC) has a loan program that allows its members to finance a portion of a photovoltaic (PV) or small wind system. Loans are available in an amount of ...

  10. Wind, Thermal, and Earthquake Monitoring of the Watts Towers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    English, Jackson

    2013-01-01

    hypothesis, the solar radiation data from the LACMA weathersolar radiation. Through comparisons with the temperature data,data from the month of June. Four days were selected: two days with low solar radiation

  11. Rocky Mountain Power - WattSmart Residential Efficiency Program |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nAandSummary From:Construction Industrial Agricultural

  12. Rocky Mountain Power - WattSmart Residential Efficiency Program |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nAandSummary From:Construction Industrial AgriculturalDepartment of Energy

  13. Rocky Mountain Power - WattSmart Residential Efficiency Program |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nAandSummary From:Construction Industrial AgriculturalDepartment of

  14. Kill-a-Watt Contest at UCF | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties - WAPA Public CommentInverted253.16582104)of Energy

  15. Goodbye, Watts. Hello, Lumens. (High-Resolution EPS Billboard) | Department

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journalvivo Low-Dose Low LETUsefulJorge Gardea-Torresdey,Goodof Energy

  16. Goodbye, Watts. Hello, Lumens. (High-Resolution JPG Billboard) | Department

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journalvivo Low-Dose Low LETUsefulJorge Gardea-Torresdey,Goodof Energyof

  17. Goodbye, Watts. Hello, Lumens. (Low-Resolution Billboard) | Department of

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journalvivo Low-Dose Low LETUsefulJorge Gardea-Torresdey,Goodof

  18. Comprehensive Pyrometry of Incandescent Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene in the Visible and Near Infrared

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singer, Scott

    2012-01-01

    chip’s membrane backlit by lightbulb using 500 nm ?lter. Inconnection. A small lightbulb is placed in the backside ofchip’s membrane backlit by lightbulb using 500 nm ?lter. In

  19. Comprehensive Pyrometry of Incandescent Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene in the Visible and Near Infrared

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singer, Scott

    2012-01-01

    Systems Nanofabrication Cleanroom (ISNC) in the Californiawafer. Place the wafer on cleanroom paper and, using a Q-lifto?, place the wafer on a cleanroom paper towel and use a

  20. High Spatial Resolution Laser Cavity Extinction and Laser Induced Incandescence in Low Soot Producing Flames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tian, B.; Gao, Y.; Balusamy, S.; Hochgreb, S.

    2015-06-26

    1 Introduction Soot particles generated from combustion are both a significant atmo- spheric pollutant, as well as a contributor to climate change [1–4]. Many techniques have therefore been developed to measure soot particles from a variety... ,34] is that the present technique does not rely on pulsed, shot-to-shot measurements, but rather a low power, low cost CW laser. This allows for a much simpler, less expensive system, which does not require a fast response detector and signal receiver capable of nanosec...

  1. Aerosol Mass Spectrometry via Laser-Induced Incandescence Particle Vaporization Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Timothy B. Onasch

    2011-10-20

    We have successfully developed and commercialized a soot particle aerosol mass spectrometer (SP-AMS) instrument to measure mass, size, and chemical information of soot particles in ambient environments. The SP-AMS instrument has been calibrated and extensively tested in the laboratory and during initial field studies. The first instrument paper describing the SP-AMS has been submitted for publication in a peer reviewed journal and there are several related papers covering initial field studies and laboratory studies that are in preparation. We have currently sold 5 SP-AMS instruments (either as complete systems or as SP modules to existing AMS instrument operators).

  2. CALiPER Benchmark Report: Performance of Halogen Incandescent MR16 Lamps and LED Replacement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2008-11-01

    This benchmark report addresses the halogen MR16 lamp and its commercially available light-emitting diode (LED) replacements.

  3. Comprehensive Pyrometry of Incandescent Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene in the Visible and Near Infrared

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singer, Scott

    2012-01-01

    Graphene As graphene is a zero-gap semiconductor, transportsemiconductor technology. The performance of grapheneGraphene, an atomically thin sheet of sp 2 bonded carbon, is a zero-bandgap semiconductor

  4. LED Update

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, Mark L.; Gordon, Kelly L.

    2006-09-01

    This article, which will appear in RESIDENTIAL LIGHTING MAGAZINE, interviews PNNL's Kelly Gordon and presents the interview in question and answer format. The topic is a light emitting diode (LED) lighting also known as solid state lighting. Solid state lighting will be a new category in an energy efficient lighting fixture design competition called Lighting for Tomorrow sponsored by the US Department of Energy Emerging Technologies Office, the American Institute for Lighting, and the Consortium for Energy Efficiency. LED technology has been around since the ’60s, but it has been used mostly for indicator lights on electronics equipment. The big breakthrough was the development in the 1990s of blue LEDs which can be combined with the red and green LEDs that already existed to make white light. LEDs produce 25 to 40 lumens of light per watt of energy used, almost as much as a CFL (50 lumens per watt) and much more efficient than incandescent sources, which are around 15 lumens per watt. They are much longer lived and practical in harsh environments unsuitable for incandescent lighting. They are ready for niche applications now, like under-counter lighting and may be practical for additional applications as technological challenges are worked out and the technology is advancing in leaps and bounds.

  5. Lighting Options for Homes.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baker, W.S.

    1991-04-01

    This report covers many aspects of various lighting options for homes. Types of light sources described include natural light, artificial light, incandescent lamps, fluorescent lamps, and high intensity discharge lamps. A light source selection guide gives the physical characteristics of these, design considerations, and common applications. Color, strategies for efficient lighting, and types of lighting are discussed. There is one section giving tips for various situations in specific rooms. Rooms and types of fixtures are shown on a matrix with watts saved by using the recommended type lighting for that room and room location. A major emphasis of this report is saving energy by utilizing the most suitable, recommended lighting option. (BN)

  6. Soot particle size measurements in laminar premixed ethylene flames with laser-induced incandescence and scanning mobility particle sizer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yin, Chung-Yuan

    2009-01-01

    Size Measurements in Laminar Premixed Ethylene Flames withof soot aggregate sampled from a laminar acetyleneSize Measurements in Laminar Premixed Ethylene Flames with

  7. Soot particle size measurements in laminar premixed ethylene flames with laser-induced incandescence and scanning mobility particle sizer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yin, Chung-Yuan

    2009-01-01

    Methane, Propane, and Ethylene Diffusion Flames,” CombustionPropane Diffusion Flames,” Applied Optics 40 (15): 2443-2452 (2001) Haynes BS, Wagner HG, “Soot Formation,” Progress in Energy and Combustion

  8. Heriot-Watt University: Equality Impact Assessment Form School All Schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenaway, Alan

    . To ensure compliance with the Examinations and other assessment held around the world in different time examinations requiring to be run at UK, Dubai and Malaysia Campuses, as well as in a significant number zones set up in accordance with the Examinations and other assessment held around the world in different

  9. WATTS TOWERS: THE EFFECTS OF THERMAL CYCLES ON THE FORMATION AND BEHAVIOR OF CRACKS 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spencer, Matthew T

    2013-02-06

    of cracks located at different sections on the Towers was outfitted with strain gauges, force transducers, and thermocouples to collect data on the crack width as a function of the ambient temperature. Using the Finite Element Analysis program LS-DYNA, a...

  10. Watt-Sun: A Multi-Scale, Multi-Model, Machine-Learning Solar Forecasting Technology

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    As part of this project, new solar forecasting technology will be developed that leverages big data processing, deep machine learning, and cloud modeling integrated in a universal platform with an...

  11. The Kill-a-Watt Competition at University of Central Florida

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Margaret Lo

    2010-09-01

    At the University of Central Florida, students have taken it upon themselves to create a culture of energy efficiency. Each year, different dorm buildings compete to see who can save the most. In 2009, the school saw a total savings of $27,000. As of March 2010, they've saved over $24,000 this year alone.

  12. Cure for the Common Career Presented by: Lindsey Watts Kinsella, M.Ed.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapman, Michael S.

    as a Career Choice Science & Math Healthcare Interpersonal Communication Business Counseling Information Technology March 4, 2015 5 #12;Pharmacy as a Career Choice · Pharmacists as Health Professionals must have advocacy · Desire to work as part of a healthcare team · Attention to detail · High ethical standards

  13. The LSST Camera 500 watt -130 degC Mixed Refrigerant Cooling System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bowden, Gordon B.; Langton, Brian J.; Little, William A.; Powers, Jacob R; Schindler, Rafe H.; Spektor, Sam; /MMR-Technologies, Mountain View, CA

    2014-05-28

    The LSST Camera has a higher cryogenic heat load than previous CCD telescope cameras due to its large size (634 mm diameter focal plane, 3.2 Giga pixels) and its close coupled front-end electronics operating at low temperature inside the cryostat. Various refrigeration technologies are considered for this telescope/camera environment. MMR-Technology’s Mixed Refrigerant technology was chosen. A collaboration with that company was started in 2009. The system, based on a cluster of Joule-Thomson refrigerators running a special blend of mixed refrigerants is described. Both the advantages and problems of applying this technology to telescope camera refrigeration are discussed. Test results from a prototype refrigerator running in a realistic telescope configuration are reported. Current and future stages of the development program are described. (auth)

  14. Lead Test Assembly Irradiation and Analysis Watts Bar Nuclear Plant, Tennessee and Hanford Site, Richland, Washington

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This EA evaluates the environmental impacts associated with the U.S. Department of Energy proposed action to conduct a lead test assembly program to confirm the viability of using a commercial...

  15. Shallow and Deep Current Variability in the Southwestern Japan/East Sea D. Randolph Watts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhode Island, University of

    -5004 phone: (228) 688-4734 fax: (228) 688-5997 email: wteague@nrlssc.navy.mil Award Number: N000149810246

  16. Shallow and Deep Current Variability in the Southwestern Japan/East Sea D. Randolph Watts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhode Island, University of

    -5004 phone: (228) 688-4734 fax: (228) 688-5997 email: wteague@nrlssc.navy.mil Zachariah Hallock Naval

  17. SHALLOW AND DEEP CURRENT VARIABILITY IN THE SOUTHWESTERN JAPAN/EAST SEA D. Randolph Watts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhode Island, University of

    -5004 Phone: (228) 688-4734 Fax: (228) 688-5997 Email: wteague@nrlssc.navy.mil Award Number: N000149810246

  18. AVTA: GE Energy WattStation AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following report describes results from testing done on the GE Energy Wattstation AC Level 2 charging system for plug-in electric vehicles. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  19. A fully-integrated multi-watt permanent-magnet turbine generator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yen, Bernard Chih-Hsun, 1981-

    2008-01-01

    The energy density available from batteries is increasingly becoming a limiting factor in the capabilities of portable electronics. As a result, there is a growing need for compact, high energy density sources. This thesis ...

  20. The Kill-a-Watt Competition at University of Central Florida

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Castro, Chris; Lo, Margaret; Norvell, David; Coelho, Keith; Hitt, John

    2013-05-29

    At the University of Central Florida, students have taken it upon themselves to create a culture of energy efficiency. Each year, different dorm buildings compete to see who can save the most. In 2009, the school saw a total savings of $27,000. As of March 2010, they've saved over $24,000 this year alone. Hear more stories about energy efficiency and renewable energy at Energy Empowers: http://www.eereblogs.energy.gov/energyempowers/page/Home-Page.aspx

  1. POLICY ON MANAGEMENT OF STUDENT FEES, CHARGES, FINES AND DEBTS Heriot-Watt University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    or to make good damage to its property and impose other sanctions on students for debts owed to it. 2 sanctions for debt within the framework of Ordinance 2. The underlying principles guiding the University in its administration of all its fees, charges, fines and sanctions are that its actions should, at all

  2. The Kill-a-Watt Competition at University of Central Florida

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    At the University of Central Florida, students have taken it upon themselves to create a culture of energy efficiency. Each year, different dorm buildings compete to see who can save the most. In...

  3. Is the hourly data I get from NREL's PV Watts program adjusted...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    with daylight savings as it doesn't refer in any way to "hour 1, hour 2...." as the NREL generated production numbers do. Should i adjust the production numbers by an hour on...

  4. A Family of Modular XML Schemas for MathML Stephen M. Watt Yuzhen Xie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watt, Stephen M.

    , simple types, attribute groups, and model groups. #12;We have found that the MathML 2.0 DTD is too from the MathML 2.0 DTD were 230-300KB in size.) These are not suitable for hand maintenance formed XML documents for particular applications. They are more powerful than Document Type Definitions

  5. Less Watts, More Performance: An Intelligent Storage Engine for Data Appliances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teubner, Jens

    how Ibex reduces data movement, CPU usage, and overall energy consumption in database appliances.lastname}@inf.ethz.ch Jens Teubner DBIS Group, Dept. of Computer Science TU Dortmund University, Germany jens Appliance, Energy, FPGA, Ibex 1. INTRODUCTION Modern data appliances such as IBM's Netezza [6] and Oracle

  6. Using Complete Machine Simulation for Software Power Estimation: The SoftWatt Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Wei

    and systems software studies, driving technological innovations to the limits for getting the most out on a very small die, and to clock these transistors at very high speeds. While these innovations and trends. As power dissipation increases, the cost of power delivery to the increasing number of transistors

  7. HERIOT-WATT UNIVERSITY -SCHOOL OF LIFE SCIENCES Tuition Fees for Academic Year 2015-16

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    ,660 Master of Science in Environmental Interactions of Marine Renewable Energy £5,800 £6,800 £16,770 Master of Science in Marine Resource Management £5,800 £6,800 £16,770 Master of Science in Renewable Energy of Science in Marine Biology £1,820 £237 £9,000 £1,125 £16,420 £8,530 £1,820 £237 £14,920 £7,760 Bachelor

  8. John C. Mitani David Watts The evolution of non-maternal caretaking among anthropoid primates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ; Wright 1984; Goldizen 1987a), food provisioning (Feistner and Price 1991), baby-sitting (Stanford 1992 and energy to care for infants of other individuals, and why should mothers tolerate non-mothers handling

  9. Commissioning and Start Up of a 110 MegaWatt Cogeneration Facility 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Good, R.

    1988-01-01

    "In December of 1987, Union Carbide successfully brought on line a 110,000 KVA combined cycle cogeneration facility. The construction, commissioning and start up of this complex facility was accomplished in a remarkably short twelve months...

  10. Is the hourly data from the NREL PV Watts program adjusted for daylight

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervar Hydro Jump to: navigation, search

  11. Is the hourly data I get from NREL's PV Watts program adjusted for daylight

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:on OpeneiAlbanianStudy)savings time. | OpenEI Community

  12. DOE Publishes Final Rule for the Request for Exclusion of 100 Watt R20

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i pStateDOE FederalThe Department ofFederalLED Luminaires |Short

  13. Sulphur Springs Valley EC - SunWatts Rebate Program | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergyPlan | Department of Energy 1Department

  14. Investigating Aeroelastic Performance of Multi-Mega Watt Wind Turbine Rotors Using CFD

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducing the Richard P. FeynmanInventors in Action:

  15. Demonstration Assessment of Light Emitting Diode (LED) Residential Downlights and Undercabinet Lights in the Lane County Tour of Homes, Eugene, Oregon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ton, My K.; Richman, Eric E.; Gilbride, Theresa L.

    2008-11-10

    In August 2008 the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) conducted a light emitting diode (LED) residential lighting demonstration project for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Building Technologies, as part of DOE’s Solid State Lighting (SSL) Technology Demonstration Gateway Program. Two lighting technologies, an LED replacement for downlight lamps (bulbs) and an LED undercabinet lighting fixture, were tested in the demonstration which was conducted in two homes built for the 2008 Tour of Homes in Eugene, Oregon. The homes were built by the Lane County Home Builders Association (HBA), and Future B Homes. The Energy Trust of Oregon (ETO) also participated in the demonstration project. The LED downlight product, the LR6, made by Cree LED Lighting Solutions acts as a screw-in replacement for incandescent and halogen bulbs in recessed can downlights. The second product tested is Phillips/Color Kinetics’ eW® Profile Powercore undercabinet fixture designed to mount under kitchen cabinets to illuminate the countertop and backsplash surfaces. Quantitative and qualitative measurements of light performance and electrical power usage were taken at each site before and after initially installed halogen and incandescent lamps were replaced with the LED products. Energy savings and simple paybacks were also calculated and builders who toured the homes were surveyed for their responses to the LED products. The LED downlight product drew 12 Watts of power, cutting energy use by 82% compared to the 65W incandescent lamp and by 84% compared to the 75W halogen lamp. The LED undercabinet fixture drew 10 watts, cutting energy use by 83% to 90% compared to the halogen product, which was tested at two power settings: a low power 60W setting and a high power 105W setting. The LED downlight consistently provided more light than the halogen and incandescent lamps in horizontal measurements at counter height and floor level. It also outperformed in vertical illuminance measurements taken on the walls, indicating better lateral dispersion of the light. The undercabinet fixture’s light output was midway between the low and high power halogen undercabinet fixture light outputs (35.8 foot candle versus 13.4 fc and 53.4 fc) but it produced a more uniform light (max/min ratio of 7.0 versus 10.8). The color correlated temperature (CCT, the blue or yellowness) of the LED light correlated well with the halogen and incandescent lights (2675 K vs 2700 K). The color rendering of the LED downlight also correlated well at 92 CRI compared to 100 CRI for the halogen and incandescent lamps. The LED undercabinet fixture had measures of 2880 K CCT and 71 CRI compared to the 2700 K and 100 CRI scores for the halogen undercabinet fixture. Builders who toured the homes were surveyed; they gave the LED downlight high marks for brightness, said the undercabinet improved shadows and glare and said both products improved overall visibility, home appearance, and home value. Paybacks on the LED downlight ranged from 7.6 years (assuming electricity cost of 11 c/kWh) to 13.5 years (at 5C/kWh). Paybacks on the LED undercabinet fixture in a new home ranged from 4.4 years (11c/kWh electricity) to 7.6 years (5c/kWh) based on product costs of $95 per LED downlight and $140 per LED undercabinet fixture at 3 hrs per day of usage for the downlight and 2 hrs per day for the undercabinet lighting.

  16. EnergySmart Schools Tips: Retrofitting, Operating, and Maintaining...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    less than three years. * Replace conventional incandescent exit signs with LED (light-emitting diode) exit signs. LEDs use at least 75 percent less energy than incandescent bulbs....

  17. EA-1664: Final Environmental Assessment

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    10 CFR Part 430 Energy Conservation Standards: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps

  18. Photo: D. Stevenson and C. Conway/Beckman Institute/University of Illinois An inorganic LED display printed on a flexible substrate bends without breaking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    cameras. Conventional inorganic LEDs, which are poised to put incandescent and fluorescent lightbulbs out

  19. Initial Score: # of workers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamamoto, Keith

    My lab has replaced incandescent lamps with Compact Fluorescent Lamps (CFLs) or Light Emitting Diodes

  20. PROJECTS IMPLEMENTED The City focused on improving the efficiency of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    · Replacing incandescent exit signs with new light emitting diode signs · Replacing the existing chiller

  1. Phys. Med. Biol. 43 (1998) 24072412. Printed in the UK PII: S0031-9155(98)90934-4 Effects of read-out light sources and ambient light on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Peter K.N.

    1998-01-01

    laser, light emitting diode (LED) and incandescent read-out light sources produce an equivalent dose

  2. ,,,"Incandescent","Standard Fluorescent","Compact Fluorescent","High-Intensity Discharge","Halogen"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: AlternativeMonthly","10/2015"Monthly","10/2015" ,"Release7 Relative Standard Errors for Table 5.7;" " Unit:8977.8.38.

  3. ,,,"Incandescent","Standard Fluorescent","Compact Fluorescent","High-Intensity Discharge","Halogen"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: AlternativeMonthly","10/2015"Monthly","10/2015" ,"Release7 Relative Standard Errors for Table 5.7;" "

  4. Phosphate single mode large mode area all-solid photonic crystal fiber with multi-watt output power

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Longfei; He, Dongbing; Yu, Chunlei; Hu, Lili; Chen, Danping, E-mail: dpchen2008@aliyun.com [Key Laboratory of High Power Laser Materials, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 (China); University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Liu, Hui [Navigation Staff Room, Anhui Bengbu Petty Officer Academy of Navy, Bengbu 233000 (China); Qiu, Jianrong [Institute of Optical Communication Materials, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510641 (China)

    2014-03-31

    An index-depressed active core, single-mode phosphate all-solid large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber (PCF) is theoretically investigated using full-vectorial finite difference approach and experimentally realized. The PCF has a maximum output power of 5.4?W and 31% slope efficiency. Single-mode operation is realized through PCFs with core diameters of 30, 35, and 40??m, respectively. The beam quality is not degraded even at maximum output power. Our simulations and experiments reveal that the laser performance is significantly affected by the center-to-center distance between the two nearest rods ?, the rod diameter d, and their ratio d/?, implying that much attention should be given in employing optimal parameters to achieve excellent laser performance.

  5. Simulations of table-top watt-class 1?THz radiation sources with two-section periodic structure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Weihao, E-mail: liuwhao@ustc.edu.cn; Xu, Zhengyuan [School of Information Science and Technology, and Optical Wireless Communication and Network Center, University of Science and Technology of China, Anhui (China)

    2014-01-07

    Two types of terahertz sources with two-section periodical waveguide structure are studied by simulations. The operation frequency of the rear section (section-II) is the fourth harmonic of that of the front section (section-I), and section-II can operate both in the forward wave region and backward wave region. The critical factor that may affect the proper functioning of this kind of sources—overbunching—is discussed, and the corresponding solutions are proposed. These sources, with millimeter in length, can generate 1?THz wave radiation with power over 1?W, so, they are promising table-top and relatively high power terahertz sources.

  6. TP 3: Brumsack/Reuter 1 2/2001 1/2004 BioGeoChemie des Watts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oldenburg, Carl von Ossietzky Universität

    . Für Cadmium und Kupfer werden die Konzentrations- verteilungen durch Aufnahme in Phytoplankton, für Nitrat in eindimensionalen Modellen für typische Nordseebedingungen simulieren (Kühn 1994). Das in der

  7. 3.3 An Autonomous Inexpensive Robust CO Analyzer (AIRCOA)2 B. Stephens, A. Watt and G.Maclean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, Britton B.

    a considerable increase in the temporal and spatial density of accurate atmospheric CO2 observations, which would, and quartz wool and 30 µm polypropylene filters. The instrument box is generally indoors in an environment

  8. HERIOT-WATT UNIVERSITY -SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES Tuition Fees for Academic Year 2015-16

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    in Chemistry with Pharmaceutical Chemistry £1,820 £237 £9,000 £1,125 £16,420 £8,530 £1,820 £237 £14,920 £7,760 Master of Chemistry in Chemistry with Pharmaceutical Chemistry £1,820 £237 £9,000 £1,125 £16,420 £8,530 £1,820 £237 £14,920 £7,760 Bachelor of Science in Chemistry with Management £1,820 £237 £9,000 £1

  9. Max Tech Appliance Design: Potential for Maximizing U.S. Energy Savings through Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2011-01-01

    fluorescent and lighting dominantly incandescent. LED)LED incandescent efficacies are expected to increase lightingLED Heat pump Heat pump Heat pump d Energy Use (TWh) a Lighting (

  10. Program Potential: Estimates of Federal Energy Cost Savings from Energy Efficient Procurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Margaret

    2014-01-01

    LED Lighting .Substitute Products  LED Lighting  Currently, incandescentCFLs. Alternatively, LED lighting could potentially take on

  11. Structural Studies on the Hydration of L-Glutamic Acid in Solution Sylvia E. McLain,*,, Alan K. Soper, and Anthony Watts,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watts, Anthony

    direct techniques such as X-ray and neutron small angle scattering and diffraction, which provide of neutron diffraction augmented with isotopic substitution and computer modeling using empirical potential be determined by NMR studies,3-10 and the determination of structure and solvation via small angle neutron and X

  12. Efficient compact watt-level deep-ultraviolet laser generated from a multi-kHz Q-switched diode-pumped

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kung, Andy

    W of 213 nm radiation were generated from a fundamental power of 7 W of 1064 nm light at 5 kHz. The overall-4018(02)01669-3 #12;the resonance condition increases the UV pulse duration. As a result, the peak power density 2002; accepted 10 June 2002 Abstract Stable high-power operation in the deep ultraviolet is achieved

  13. "If performance per watt is to remain constant over the next few years, power costs could easily overtake hardware costs, possibly by a large margin." and "...one could

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Todorovich, Elías

    -power operation, consumes about 40 W. For 10 hours of operation between recharges, with a Lithium-Ion battery.00 Lithium-Ion 100 4.00 Lithium-Polymer-Potential 400 1.00 Table 1.1: Battery Sizing Example 1.2: A more is displayed at Table 1.1 for several battery technologies, including the Lithium-Polymer-Potential technology

  14. Institute of Photonics and Quantum Sciences @ Heriot-Watt University Our research interests are wide ranging from theoretical studies into quantum physics,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    postgraduate fees and a contribution to maintenance costs of £8,500 per annum for a maximum of three years and a contribution towards maintenance for up to three years. Please also visit http of diode-pumped solid-state lasers. However, there remain challenging research opportunities for scaling

  15. Fee Status Enquiry Form Heriot-Watt University, in common with other UK universities, charges tuition fees at a higher rate to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    and certain family members Complete Section 5 Certain Refugees and persons of similar status Complete Section Refugee status Home Office letter or refugee travel document Refused refugee status but granted

  16. Industrial Links and Collaborations The extent of our industry and business links at Heriot-Watt University is well-known

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenaway, Alan

    interaction with the energy industry, both for the assessment of impact of oil spillage in marine environments of industry through: I Collaborations I Joint industry projects I Strategic alliances I Knowledge transfer-recognised experience in ecological impact assessment of the oil and gas industry on deep sea environments

  17. Photovoltaic systems are often described and marketed in terms of the DC power rating of their modules, expressed in $'s/Watt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeeding access| DepartmentPeerFederal FleetUp inrd IEEE PVSC, San Diego, CA 2008 1

  18. High Efficiency Integrated Package

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ibbetson, James

    2013-09-15

    Solid-state lighting based on LEDs has emerged as a superior alternative to inefficient conventional lighting, particularly incandescent. LED lighting can lead to 80 percent energy savings; can last 50,000 hours – 2-50 times longer than most bulbs; and contains no toxic lead or mercury. However, to enable mass adoption, particularly at the consumer level, the cost of LED luminaires must be reduced by an order of magnitude while achieving superior efficiency, light quality and lifetime. To become viable, energy-efficient replacement solutions must deliver system efficacies of ? 100 lumens per watt (LPW) with excellent color rendering (CRI > 85) at a cost that enables payback cycles of two years or less for commercial applications. This development will enable significant site energy savings as it targets commercial and retail lighting applications that are most sensitive to the lifetime operating costs with their extended operating hours per day. If costs are reduced substantially, dramatic energy savings can be realized by replacing incandescent lighting in the residential market as well. In light of these challenges, Cree proposed to develop a multi-chip integrated LED package with an output of > 1000 lumens of warm white light operating at an efficacy of at least 128 LPW with a CRI > 85. This product will serve as the light engine for replacement lamps and luminaires. At the end of the proposed program, this integrated package was to be used in a proof-of-concept lamp prototype to demonstrate the component’s viability in a common form factor. During this project Cree SBTC developed an efficient, compact warm-white LED package with an integrated remote color down-converter. Via a combination of intensive optical, electrical, and thermal optimization, a package design was obtained that met nearly all project goals. This package emitted 1295 lm under instant-on, room-temperature testing conditions, with an efficacy of 128.4 lm/W at a color temperature of ~2873K and 83 CRI. As such, the package’s performance exceeds DOE’s warm-white phosphor LED efficacy target for 2013. At the end of the program, we assembled an A19 sized demonstration bulb housing the integrated package which met Energy Star intensity variation requirements. With further development to reduce overall component cost, we anticipate that an integrated remote converter package such as developed during this program will find application in compact, high-efficacy LED-based lamps, particularly those requiring omnidirectional emission.

  19. Achieving Energy Savings with Highly-Controlled Lighting in an Open-Plan Office

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubinstein, Francis

    2010-01-01

    Daily energy density in watt-hours per square foot per daya daily energy use of 13.25 watt-hours per square foot perenergy use is approximately 0.15 watt-hours per square foot

  20. General Service LED Lamps

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A U.S. DOE SSL technology fact sheet that compares general service LED light bulbs with incandescent and CFL bulbs.

  1. Healthcare Energy: Spotlight on Lighting and Other Electric Loads...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Lighting and Other Electric Loads Healthcare Energy: Spotlight on Lighting and Other Electric Loads Compact fluorescent, light-emitting diode, and energy-saving incandescent light...

  2. New Lighting Standards Began in 2012 | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    save you about 50 per year when you replace 15 traditional incandescent bulbs in your home. Measuring Light in Lumens The new efficiency standards require lightbulbs to consume...

  3. Optimizing Energy Savings from Direct-DC in U.S. Residential Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    ballast fluorescent and LED lighting, which are DC- internalmotors [7]. Fluorescent and LED lighting uses one-quarter ofbest technology Lighting Incandescent, fluorescent, LED

  4. Fluorescent Lighting | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    - by far the most common form of fluorescent lighting but rarely found in residential buildings -- are much more energy efficient than incandescent lamps and are ideally suited...

  5. Lesson 13, Section 2.2 Part 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B Compact ?uorescent lightbulbs (CFL) can be used to most places that conventional incandescent bulbs are, but use a ?'action of the electricity. This table lists.

  6. Lesson11.doc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B Compact fluorescent lightbulbs (CFL) can be used to most places that conventional incandescent bulbs are, but use a fraction of the electricity. This table lists ...

  7. Radiative Heat Transfer in Enhanced Hydrogen Outgassing of Glass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kitamura, Rei; Pilon, Laurent

    2009-01-01

    with lamp heating than with furnace heating and (2) hydrogensilica tube and heated in a furnace or by an incandescentan incandescent lamp than within furnace. Here, sample and

  8. DOE Announces Selections for SSL Core Technology and Product...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    seeks to develop a small form factor retrofit lamp consisting of a light engine, optics, drive electronics, and thermal management. The lamp is suitable for incandescent or...

  9. Common Industrial Lighting Upgrade Technologies

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    is used to regulate the ongoing electricity provided to the lamp. COMMON INDUSTRIAL LIGHTING UPGRADE TECHNOLOGIES Due to the phase-out of the incandescent bulb and magnetic...

  10. Optimizing Energy Savings from Direct-DC in U.S. Residential Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    motors [7]. Fluorescent and LED lighting uses one-quarter ofballast fluorescent and LED lighting, which are DC- internalbest technology Lighting Incandescent, fluorescent, LED

  11. 2002 Federal Energy and Water Management Award Winners | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    direct digital control installation to more simple measures, such as installing light-emitting diode technology to replace incandescent lighting in fire alarm transmission boxes....

  12. Peering into a Quantum Well | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    have unearthed droop's elusive cause, illuminating a key barrier to this potentially energy-saving alternative to conventional incandescent and fluorescent lighting. At issue,...

  13. Types of Lighting | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    selection. Types of lighting include: Fluorescent Incandescent Outdoor solar Light-emitting diode (LED) Also learn how energy-efficient lightbulbs compare to traditional...

  14. Life-Cycle Assessment of Energy and Environmental Impacts of...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    We then conducted a comparative LCA, looking at the impacts associated with the Philips Master LEDbulb and comparing those to a CFL and an incandescent lamp. The comparison...

  15. Life-Cycle Assessment of Energy and Environmental Impacts of...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Hollomon, Brad; Dillon, Heather E.; Snowden-Swan, Lesley J. LED; light-emitting diode; CFL; incandescent; halogen; lamp; bulb; TCLP; STLC; TTLC; WET; hazardous waste; electronic...

  16. "Title","Creator/Author","Publication Date","OSTI Identifier...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US)","USDOE","LED; light-emitting diode; CFL; incandescent; halogen; lamp; bulb; TCLP; STLC; TTLC; WET; hazardous waste; electronic...

  17. Understanding Drooping Light Emitting Diodes CEEM | U.S. DOE...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Impact Understanding "droop" may result in cheaper, more efficient LEDs; LEDs are more energy efficient, smaller, and longer-lived than incandescent lamps or fluorescent...

  18. National Electrical Manufacturers Association

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    for incandescent reflector lamps do not need to be amended and let the marketplace transition to more energy efficient lighting technologies combined with other regulatory...

  19. APPLIANCE STANDARDS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Equipment General Service Incandescent Lamps General Service Fluorescent Lamps Small Electric Motors Electric Motors Water Heaters Furnace Fans Distribution Transformers Water...

  20. Half-Scale Model Tests on the Three Quarter Wave R.F. System for the 184-inch Frequency Modulated Cyclotron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Robert L.

    2010-01-01

    ~ o DC PLATE VOLTAGE o PWR INPUT WATTS TO TRIODES ~--o--,110-I DC PLATE' VOLTAGE' PWR INPUT WATTS TO TRIODES

  1. DUAL USE OF LEDS: SIGNALING AND COMMUNICATIONS IN ITS Grantham Pang, Chi-ho Chan, Hugh Liu, Thomas Kwan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pang, Grantham

    lights with LEDs is a reduction in power consumption [7]. In addition, incandescent traffic signals burn1 DUAL USE OF LEDS: SIGNALING AND COMMUNICATIONS IN ITS Grantham Pang, Chi-ho Chan, Hugh Liu of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) over incandescent lights is well-supported. This is due to their high

  2. Electrical modulation of emissivity S. Vassant,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , it is difficult to develop an efficient light emitting diode because the spontaneous emission rate is proportional emitting diodes. Yet, incandescent sources are often the only option in the infrared (IR). Indeed tens of Hz. Hence, for many applications, incandescent light sources can- not compete with light

  3. Technical Report Documentation Page 1. Report No.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    No. 3. Recipient's Catalog No. 4. Title and Subtitle The Impact of the Conversion of Incandescent Cleburne Houston, Texas 77004 10. Work Unit No. (TRAIS) 11. Contract or Grant No. DTRT12-G-UTC06 12 the urban core. 17. Key Words Conversion, Incandescent Bulbs, LED Light 18. Distribution Statement

  4. EA-1210: Finding of No Significant Impact

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Lead Test Assembly Irradiation and Analysis Watts Bar Nuclear Plant, Tennessee and Hanford Site, Richland, Washington

  5. FEBRUARY 3, 2014 YOU ARE HERE: HOME / WIND / INNOVATION / TEXAS UNIVERSITY DEVELOPS MICRO WINDMILLS, SMALLER THAN A GRAIN OF RICE, TO POWER YOUR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiao, Jung-Chih

    your comment here... FEATURED STORY If solar panels cost $1 per Watt, why do you pay $5 per Watt to get André Broessel. Our biggest energy resource: Coal, oil, nuclear, solar, wind? None of them... If solar panels cost $1 per Watt, why do you pay $5 per Watt to get a solar system? If renewables are the future

  6. Advanced Materials & NanoSciences Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenaway, Alan

    of Edinburgh, Glasgow, Heriot-Watt, Paisley, St Andrews, Strathclyde, and the joint Chemistry Research School

  7. Distinguished Lecture Series - Balancing the Energy & Climate Budget

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2010-09-01

    The average American uses 11400 Watts of power continuously. This is the equivalent of burning 114 x100 Watt light bulbs, all the time. The average person globally uses 2255 Watts of power, or a little less than 23 x100 Watt light bulbs.

  8. Superior Energy Performance at Nissan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasmussen, B.

    2014-01-01

    -Sixth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 20-23, 2014 Lighting Change Out Description of Work How Manny Before Work Watt After Work Watt 168 watt T8 6 bulb fixture Savings Watt Removed 400 watt 250 114000 0 114000 Replaced 1000 watt 200... 228000 108000 120000 Replaced 400 watt 2077 947112 348936 598176 832176 KWHR KW Usage Savings $201,320.02 4,793,334 832 Demand Savings $69,595.58 Cooling Savings $24,359.28 579,983 202 Total Savings $295,274.87 5,373,317 1034 Cost of the Lights T8 200...

  9. OS45G-07SHALLOW AND DEEP CURRENT VARIABILITY IN THE KUROSHIO EXTENSIONSHALLOW AND DEEP CURRENT VARIABILITY IN THE KUROSHIO EXTENSIONSHALLOW AND DEEP CURRENT VARIABILITY IN THE KUROSHIO EXTENSION Karen L. Tracey*, D. Randolph Watts, Kathleen A. Donohue and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhode Island, University of

    OS45G-07SHALLOW AND DEEP CURRENT VARIABILITY IN THE KUROSHIO EXTENSIONSHALLOW AND DEEP CURRENT VARIABILITY IN THE KUROSHIO EXTENSIONSHALLOW AND DEEP CURRENT VARIABILITY IN THE KUROSHIO EXTENSION Karen L by measured deep currents. Bottom pressures are leveled using time-mean near-bottom currents. Upper

  10. Commercialization of gallium nitride nanorod arrays on silicon for solid-state lighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wee, Qixun

    2008-01-01

    One important component in energy usage is lighting, which is currently dominated by incandescent and fluorescent lamps. However, due to potentially higher efficiencies and thus higher energy savings, solid-state lighting ...

  11. Aero-Tech: Order (2010-CE-1012)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE issued an Order and closed this case against Aero-Tech Light Bulb Co., without civil penalty, after DOE found that Aero-Tech manufactured and/or privately labeled incandescent reflector lamps, but did not violate DOE regulations.

  12. Save Energy this Independence Day | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    to look for rebates on these appliances. Changing incandescent light bulbs to CFLs or LEDs can save as much as 80% a year on lighting costs. Replacing 15 inefficient...

  13. 90.6% efficient 11MHz 22W LED driver using GaN FETs and burst-mode controller with 0.96 power factor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chandrakasan, Anantha P.

    With the advent of reliable, high brightness and high efficacy LEDs, the lighting industry is expected to see a significant growth in the near future. However, for LEDs to completely replace the traditional incandescent ...

  14. Life-Cycle Assessment of Energy and Environmental Impacts of LED Lighting Products

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This March 28, 2013 webcast reviewed DOE's recently completed three-part study of the life-cycle energy and environmental impacts of LED lighting products relative to incandescent and CFL...

  15. Lumiram Electric: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1014)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Lumiram Electric Corporation failed to certify a variety of incandescent reflector lamps as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  16. Lumiram Electric: Order (2010-CE-1014)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE issued an Order and entered into a Compromise Agreement with Lumiram Electric Corporation after finding Lumiram Electric had failed to certify that certain models of incandescent reflector lamps comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  17. Design and implementation of a solar power system in rural Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hussam, Shaheer M. (Shaheer Muqtasid), 1981-

    2004-01-01

    This paper describes the design and implementation of a solar power system for a school and health center in Petit-Anse, Haiti. The end-use applications are lighting via a set of fluorescent and incandescent bulbs, and a ...

  18. School Energy Survey Student Guide

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of 40 new power plants. INCANDESCENT BULB HALOGEN COMPACT FLUORESCENT (CFL) LIGHT EMITTING DIODE (LED) Brightness 850 lumens 850 lumens 850 lumens 850 lumens Life of Bulb 1,000...

  19. School Energy Survey Teacher Guide

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Key Student Guide Page 20 INCANDESCENT BULB HALOGEN COMPACT FLUORESCENT (CFL) LIGHT EMITTING DIODE (LED) Number of bulbs to get 25,000 hours 25 8.3 2.5 1 Cost of bulbs for 25,000...

  20. Energy Saver Blog | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    April 24, 2014 LED lights are six to seven times more energy efficient than conventional incandescent lights, cut energy use by more than 80 percent and can last more than 25 times...

  1. Lighting Choices - White Background | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Choices - White Background Image icon All of these lightbulbs-CFLs, LEDs, and energy-saving incandescents-meet the new energy standards that take effect from 2012-2014. More...

  2. Lighting Choices to Save You Money Banner | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    to Save You Money Banner Lighting Choices to Save You Money Banner All of these lightbulbs-CFLs, LEDs, and energy-saving incandescents-meet the new energy standards that take...

  3. New Lighting Facts Label: Takes the Guess Work Out of Shopping...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    With new lighting standards taking effect this year, now's a great time switch to energy-saving incandescent, CFL, and LED light bulbs, which are available in most hardware and...

  4. TITLE AUTHORS SUBJECT SUBJECT RELATED DESCRIPTION PUBLISHER AVAILABILI...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Jason R Hollomon Brad Dillon Heather E Snowden Swan Lesley J LED light emitting diode CFL incandescent halogen lamp bulb TCLP STLC TTLC WET hazardous waste electronic waste e...

  5. Aero-Tech: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1012)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Aero-Tech Light Bulb Co. failed to certify a variety of incandescent reflector lamps as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  6. LED Replacement Lamps: Current Performance and the Latest on ENERGY STAR®

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This May 19, 2009 webcast summarized CALiPER's recent benchmark testing of common omnidirectional incandescent lamps (e.g., A-lamps), and provided an update on ENERGY STAR criteria for LED integral...

  7. DuraLamp USA: Order (2010-CE-0912)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered DuraLamp USA, Inc. to pay a $2,500 civil penalty after finding DuraLamp USA had failed to certify that model PAR 30, an incandescent reflector lamp, complies with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  8. High Efficiency, Illumination Quality OLEDs for Lighting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joseph Shiang; James Cella; Kelly Chichak; Anil Duggal; Kevin Janora; Chris Heller; Gautam Parthasarathy; Jeffery Youmans; Joseph Shiang

    2008-03-31

    The goal of the program was to demonstrate a 45 lumen per watt white light device based upon the use of multiple emission colors through the use of solution processing. This performance level is a dramatic extension of the team's previous 15 LPW large area illumination device. The fundamental material system was based upon commercial polymer materials. The team was largely able to achieve these goals, and was able to deliver to DOE a 90 lumen illumination source that had an average performance of 34 LPW a 1000 cd/m{sup 2} with peak performances near 40LPW. The average color temperature is 3200K and the calculated CRI 85. The device operated at a brightness of approximately 1000cd/m{sup 2}. The use of multiple emission colors particularly red and blue, provided additional degrees of design flexibility in achieving white light, but also required the use of a multilayered structure to separate the different recombination zones and prevent interconversion of blue emission to red emission. The use of commercial materials had the advantage that improvements by the chemical manufacturers in charge transport efficiency, operating life and material purity could be rapidly incorporated without the expenditure of additional effort. The program was designed to take maximum advantage of the known characteristics of these material and proceeded in seven steps. (1) Identify the most promising materials, (2) assemble them into multi-layer structures to control excitation and transport within the OLED, (3) identify materials development needs that would optimize performance within multilayer structures, (4) build a prototype that demonstrates the potential entitlement of the novel multilayer OLED architecture (5) integrate all of the developments to find the single best materials set to implement the novel multilayer architecture, (6) further optimize the best materials set, (7) make a large area high illumination quality white OLED. A photo of the final deliverable is shown. In 2003, a large area, OLED based illumination source was demonstrated that could provide light with a quality, quantity, and efficiency on par with what can be achieved with traditional light sources. The demonstration source was made by tiling together 16 separate 6-inch x 6-inch blue-emitting OLEDs. The efficiency, total lumen output, and lifetime of the OLED based illumination source were the same as what would be achieved with an 80 watt incandescent bulb. The devices had an average efficacy of 15 LPW and used solution-processed OLEDs. The individual 6-inch x 6-inch devices incorporated three technology strategies developed specifically for OLED lighting -- downconversion for white light generation, scattering for outcoupling efficiency enhancement, and a scalable monolithic series architecture to enable large area devices. The downconversion approach consists of optically coupling a blue-emitting OLED to a set of luminescent layers. The layers are chosen to absorb the blue OLED emission and then luminescence with high efficiency at longer wavelengths. The composition and number of layers are chosen so that the unabsorbed blue emission and the longer wavelength re-emission combine to make white light. A downconversion approach has the advantage of allowing a wide variety of colors to be made from a limited set of blue emitters. In addition, one does not have to carefully tune the emission wavelength of the individual electro-luminescent species within the OLED device in order to achieve white light. The downconversion architecture used to develop the 15LPW large area light source consisted of a polymer-based blue-emitting OLED and three downconversion layers. Two of the layers utilized perylene based dyes from BASF AG of Germany with high quantum efficiency (>98%) and one of the layers consisted of inorganic phosphor particles (Y(Gd)AG:Ce) with a quantum efficiency of {approx}85%. By independently varying the optical density of the downconversion layers, the overall emission spectrum could be adjusted to maximize performance for lighting (e.g. blackbody temp

  9. Assessment of SEAD Global Efficiency Medals for Televisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, Park, Won

    2013-01-01

    TVs On-mode power performance [watts/cm 2 ] LED-LCDs b (C) %mode Power Consumption Consumption Samsung 26" LED-LCD 22.0On-mode power performance a [watts/cm 2 ] CCFL- LED- LCDs (

  10. Tips: Appliances | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    use them efficiently. What's a Kilowatt? When you use electricity to power a 1000-watt vacuum for 1 hour, you use 1,000 watt-hours (1,000 Wh) of electricity One thousand...

  11. The Advantage of Highly Controlled Lighting for Offices and Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubinstein, Francis

    2010-01-01

    wall switches. Lighting power density equals 0.88 watts/switching only. Lighting power density is 1.4 watts/squareMaximum Installed Lighting Power Density (w/sf) Total kWh

  12. Energy efficient data centers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tschudi, William; Xu, Tengfang; Sartor, Dale; Koomey, Jon; Nordman, Bruce; Sezgen, Osman

    2004-01-01

    while increasing energy use per square foot. 4. Fast trackan energy density value expressed in watts per square foot (an energy density value expressed in watts per square foot (

  13. AEP SWEPCO - SMART Source Solar PV Program | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Amount Residential: 1.50watt DC Non-residential: 1.20watt DC Provider Smart Source PV Program Southwestern Electric Power Company (SWEPCO) offers rebates to customers that...

  14. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Program The City of Ashland Conservation Division offers electric customers installing photovoltaic systems a rebate of either 0.50 per watt (residential) or 0.75 per watt...

  15. Plants have long been classified as self-sustaining organisms, meaning they

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    with an artificial photosynthesis sys- tem--a creation of Richard Watt, faculty member in the Department of Chemistry're trying to build an artificial photosynthesis system by shining light on ferritin," Watt said. "When you

  16. Albritton Bell Tower - 8 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2006-03-24

    to preventing future formation and further propagation. This study examines a currently existing structure known as the Watt’s Towers, or The Towers of Simon Rodia which exhibits extensive cracking. The effects of thermal cycles, both daily and annual...

  17. Reading Municipal Light Department- Residential Renewable Energy Rebates

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Reading Municipal Light Department (RMLD) offers rebates of $1.00/watt for solar photovoltaic and small wind installations for residential customers. A $0.25/watt adder is available for using local...

  18. Evaluation Framework and Tools for Distributed Energy Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gumerman, Etan Z.; Bharvirkar, Ranjit R.; LaCommare, Kristina Hamachi; Marnay, Chris

    2003-01-01

    prices megawatt (10 watts) natural gas combined cycle not in my backyard nitrogen oxides particulate matter photovoltaic

  19. SUBSEXPL: a tool for simulating and comparing explicit substitutions calculi1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamareddine, Fairouz

    .F., Brasil {flaviomoura,ayala}@unb.br ** School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences Heriot-Watt University

  20. Principal Typings for Explicit Substitutions Daniel Lima Ventura1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamareddine, Fairouz

    ´ilia, Bras´ilia D.F., Brasil 2 School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh

  1. Formalizing the dynamic semantics of Java

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watt, D.A.

    Watt,D.A. Proceedings of 3rd International Workshop on Action Semanrics pp 1-18 University of Aarhus

  2. Percolating under one roof

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Joel C

    2015-01-01

    Many different concepts of percolation exist for networks. We show that bond percolation, site percolation, $k$-core percolation, and bootstrap percolation are all special cases of the Watts Threshold model. We show that the "heterogeneous $k$-core" and a corresponding heterogeneous bootstrap model are equivalent to one another and the Watts Threshold Model. A more recent model of a "Generalized Epidemic Process" is also shown to be a special case. Finally, we show that a natural generalization of the Watts Threshold Model is a special case of the Watts Threshold Model, and thus it is equivalent to the Watts Threshold Model as well.

  3. University of Southern California, USC Dornsife Office of Pre-Health Advisement, 3641 Watt Way, HNB 120, Los Angeles, CA 90089 (213) 740-4844, E-mail: prehealth@dornsife.usc.edu; Website: http://dornsife.usc.edu/pre-health; FB: www.facebook.com/USCPreHeal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Xianghong Jasmine

    ://dornsife.usc.edu/pre-health; FB: www.facebook.com/USCPreHealth The mission of the Office of Pre-Health Advisement, within the Dana

  4. OLEDS FOR GENERAL LIGHTING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anil Duggal; Don Foust; Chris Heller; Bill Nealon; Larry Turner; Joe Shiang; Nick Baynes; Tim Butler; Nalin Patel

    2004-02-29

    The goal of this program was to reduce the long term technical risks that were keeping the lighting industry from embracing and developing organic light-emitting diode (OLED) technology for general illumination. The specific goal was to develop OLEDs for lighting to the point where it was possible to demonstrate a large area white light panel with brightness and light quality comparable to a fluorescence source and with an efficacy comparable to that of an incandescent source. it was recognized that achieving this would require significant advances in three area: (1) the improvement of white light quality for illumination, (2) the improvement of OLED energy efficiency at high brightness, and (3) the development of cost-effective large area fabrication techniques. The program was organized such that, each year, a ''deliverable'' device would be fabricated which demonstrated progress in one or more of the three critical research areas. In the first year (2001), effort concentrated on developing an OLED capable of generating high illumination-quality white light. Ultimately, a down-conversion method where a blue OLED was coupled with various down-conversion layers was chosen. Various color and scattering models were developed to aid in material development and device optimization. The first year utilized this approach to deliver a 1 inch x 1 inch OLED with higher illumination-quality than available fluorescent sources. A picture of this device is shown and performance metrics are listed. To their knowledge, this was the first demonstration of true illumination-quality light from an OLED. During the second year, effort concentrated on developing a scalable approach to large area devices. A novel device architecture consisting of dividing the device area into smaller elements that are monolithically connected in series was developed. In the course of this development, it was realized that, in addition to being scalable, this approach made the device tolerant to the most common OLED defect--electrical shorts. This architecture enabled the fabrication of a 6 inch x 6 inch OLED deliverable for 2002. A picture of this deliverable is shown and the performance metrics are listed. At the time, this was the highest efficiency, highest lumen output illumination-quality OLED in existence. The third year effort concentrated on improving the fabrication yield of the 6 inch x 6 inch devices and improving the underlying blue device efficiency. An efficiency breakthrough was achieved through the invention of a new device structure such that now 15 lumen per watt devices could be fabricated. A 2 feet x 2 feet OLED panel consisting of sixteen 6 inch x 6 inch high efficiency devices tiled together was then fabricated. Pictures of this panel are shown with performance metrics listed. This panel met all project objectives and was the final deliverable for the project. It is now the highest efficiency, highest lumen output, illumination-quality OLED in existence.

  5. Energy notes: Energy in natural processes and human consumption, some numbers H A&S 220c Fall 2004 19x2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plant =109 watts (2.4 1011 Btu/day energy input) =2.53x1014 joules/day = 2.9x109 watts = 2200 MwattsEnergy notes: Energy in natural processes and human consumption, some numbers H A&S 220c Fall 2004 half of one percent. Rough Values of Power of Various Processes (watts) Solar power in all directions

  6. Metering and Monitoring Approaches for Verifying Energy Savings from Energy Conservation Retrofits: Experiences from the Field 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McBride, J. R.; Bohmer, C. J.; Lippman, R. H.

    1995-01-01

    building, industrial process or device requires a meter that measures and records the amount of power used over a period of time. Utility revenue meters, watt-hour transducers and multi-channel, integrated, solid-state, watt-hour meters are all used... to measure electrical energy consumption for savings verification purposes. Hand-held or portable watt meters are also used to obtain instantaneous power measurements, which can serve as? input to engineering models used to estimate electrical energy...

  7. MACRO-ENVIRONMENTAL MAPPING OF INTERNATIONAL BRANCH CAMPUS ACTIVITIES OF UNIVERSITIES WORLDWIDE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kosmützky, Ann; Krücken , Georg

    2014-01-01

    world-renowned education in the UK, Heriot-Watt was the first British university to open a campus in Dubai” (

  8. The Potential for Avoided Emissions from Photovoltaic Electricity in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhai, Pei

    2014-01-01

    factor is defined as hourly generation (Watt) divided bygeothermal, and (3) hourly generation from solar and windoutput including hourly generation (MWh) from coal, natural

  9. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    efforts to report this improved knowledge to their home and school communities. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsenergy-management Download Watt Does It Cost To Use It?...

  10. Assessment of China's Energy-Saving and Emission-Reduction Accomplishments and Opportunities During the 11th Five Year Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark D.

    2010-01-01

    coefficient LPD = lighting power density COP = coefficientGB50034-2004 LPD = lighting power density W/m 2 = watts/

  11. 1995 CECS C&E Tables

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    (3 pages, 20 kb) CONTENTS PAGES Table 19. Distribution of Peak Watts per Square Foot and Load Factors, 1995 These data are from the 1995 Commercial Buildings Energy...

  12. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Rocky Mountain Power- WattSmart Residential Efficiency Program Rocky Mountain Power provides incentives for residential customers in Idaho to install energy efficient equipment in...

  13. Benefits of Research in Particle Physics Phil Allport, Barbara Camanzi, Marcus French, ,Nathan Hill, Mark Lancaster, Steve Lloyd, Jason McFall, Val O'Shea, Mike Poole,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowther, Paul

    Hill, Mark Lancaster, Steve Lloyd, Jason McFall, Val O'Shea, Mike Poole, Tim Short, Stephen Watts ........................................8 2.9. Professor Mike Poole: a Biography

  14. PROJECTS FROM FEDERAL REGION IX DOE APPROPRIATE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY PILOT PROGRAM - PART I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Case, C.W.

    2011-01-01

    Design, build, and test a low power, high reliability, windpower 56 watts Cut-in wind velocity 8 mph Maximum output wind velocity 18 mph Maximum design

  15. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Austin Energy- Residential Solar PV Rebate Program Austin Energy's Solar Rebate Program offers a 1.50 per watt incentive to eligible residential who install photovoltaic (PV)...

  16. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    incentives for their residential and commercial customers to install photovoltaic (PV) and solar water heating systems. Qualifying PV systems can earn 1 per watt;......

  17. Thermoelectric Conversion of Waste Heat to Electricity in an IC Engine Powered Vehicle

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    MSU has developed and demonstrated a 5-couple module which produced 5.4 watts at an average ?T estimated to be ~500 oC

  18. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    arts. Activities provided include The Energy Times, Going for a Spin: Making a Model, Steam Turbine and Getting Current: Generating Electricity Using a Magnet, Watt's My Line?,...

  19. Residential Photovoltaic Energy Systems in California: The Effect on Home Sales Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoen, Ben

    2013-01-01

    recoup installed PV system costs because of the burgeoningthe net installed cost of PV, and seller behavior likelythe net installed costs of PV have hovered around $5/watt

  20. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Rocky Mountain Power- WattSmart Residential Efficiency Program Rocky Mountain Power provides incentives for residential customers to increase the energy efficiency of homes through...

  1. Forestry Commission Equality Impact Assessment Forestry Commission Equality Impact Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    society's benefits from the ecosystem services that the estate provides. Information and Data (evidence/February 2010. Further Information Joe Watts, Public Forest Estate Study ­ Project Manager joe

  2. Why don't programming language designers use formal methods?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watt, D.A.

    Watt,D.A. Anais XXIII Seminário Integrado de Software e Hardware pp 3-16 Universidade Federal de Pernambuco

  3. The static and dynamic semantics of Standard ML

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watt, D.A.

    Watt,D.A. Proceedings of 2nd International Workshop on Action Semantics pp 155-172 Dept of Computer Science, University of Aarhus

  4. Scoping Comment Summary 092412.docx

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    plant TVA's involvement in energy conservation and renewable energy, including solar power Tritium contamination at the Watts Bar Nuclear Plant The presence of...

  5. Promoting electricity from renewable energy sources -- lessons learned from the EU, U.S. and Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haas, Reinhard

    2008-01-01

    Renewable Energy Funds Rebates FIT/premium Quota obligationof these programs involves rebates and production incentivesthrough capital cost rebates – denominated in $ per Watt –

  6. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    also learn how to calculate the mean, median, mode, and standard deviation of a set of data. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadshow-big-your-footprint Download Watt Does...

  7. CAPITAL PROJECT PROPOSAL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by Microsoft Operations Framework (MOF) maturity ratings. - Improve BPA position on Green IT by reducing power consumption by 56,000 watts. - Provide additional alternatives...

  8. Intersection type systems and explicit substitutions calculi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamareddine, Fairouz

    Bras´ilia, Bras´ilia D.F., Brasil 2 School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences Heriot-Watt University

  9. Electronic Notes in Theoretical Computer Science 67 (2002) URL: http://www.elsevier.nl/locate/entcs/volume67.html 20 pages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayala-Rincón, Mauricio

    2002-01-01

    Bras#19;#16;lia D.F., Brasil Fairouz Kamareddine 4 School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences Heriot-Watt

  10. JAS - a Java action semantics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, D.F.; Watt, D.A.

    Brown,D.F. Watt,D.A. Proceedings of 2nd International Workshop on Action Semantics pp 43-56 Dept of Computer Science, University of Aarhus

  11. Wetland Flow and Salinity Budgets and Elements of a Decision Support System toward Implementation of Real-Time Seasonal Wetland Salinity Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quinn, N.W.T.

    2013-01-01

    to  a  common  drain   Solar  Panels  with  12-­?volt  by   10   Watt   solar   panels   fixed   to   the  Ducky  Strike  South   Solar  Panels  with  12-­?volt  

  12. Country Review of Energy-Efficiency Financial Incentives in the Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Can, Stephane de la Rue du

    2011-01-01

    by SoWATT and Bush Energie Gmbh. Paris. June. Blumstein,de l’Écologie, de l’Énergie, du Développement durable et de

  13. The GLASS Project: Supporting Secure Shibboleth-based Single Sign-On to Campus Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watt, J.

    Watt,J. Sinnott,R.O. Jiang,J. Proceedings of the UK e-Science All Hands Meeting, Nottingham, UK, September 2007.

  14. Seismic and Acoustic Investigations of Rock Fall Initiation, Processes, and Mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zimmer, Valerie Louise

    2011-01-01

    efficiency   (10%),   losses   (20%)   and   peak   power   point   (17  V)  results  in  a  minimum  requirement  of  a  30-­?watt  solar  panel.    

  15. Amorphous Silicon-Carbon Nanostructure Photovoltaic Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schriver, Maria Christine

    2012-01-01

    costs for installed photovoltaic systems. This graph showsOne dollar per watt photovoltaic systems workshop sum- mary,costs for installed photovoltaic systems. This graph shows

  16. Action transformations in the Actress compiler generator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watt, D.A.

    Watt,D.A. Compiler Construction - 5th Intl. Conference CC'94 (ed. Fritzson, P.) Springer LNCS pp 16-30 Springer

  17. From the Law to the Market: the Campaign of the U'wa Indigenous People in Colombia (1995-2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rueda, Pablo

    2012-01-01

    oil industry. Thus, the alliance between oil companies andof the oil industry to forge alliances with governments toform of alliance that Watts has called “the oil complex”

  18. Nature and Origin of the Cuprate Pseudogap

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    through HTSC cable. That same year, three 400-foot HTSC cables were installed for Detroit Edison at the Frisbie Substation that could deliver 100 million watts of power....

  19. Solid-State Lighting on a Shoestring Budget: The Economics of Off-Grid Lighting for Small Businesses in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radecsky, Kristen

    2009-01-01

    that included solar chargers due to the higher initialthe lamp body, and an AC charger. A one Watt solar moduleelectronic circuitry, AC charger, and solar module were

  20. Concentrating Solar Power Facilities and Solar Potential | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Type All Plants In Operation New in 2014 In Progress Tower and Heliostat Trough or Fresnel Parabolic Dish Concentrating Solar Energy Potential (watt hoursmday) 2500 4000...

  1. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Kentucky corporate taxpayers may take a credit equal to 3 per watt (DC) of rated capacity for the installation of a photovoltaic (PV) system. Solar and wind technologies...

  2. Enhanced Nanoparticle Size Control by Extending LaMer's Mechanism...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Erika C. ; Watt, John ; Schober, Gretchen B. ; Hance, Bradley G. ; Austin, Mariah J. ; Price, Andrew D. ; Fellows, Benjamin D. ; Monson, Todd C. ; Hudak, Nicholas S. ;...

  3. Advanced Integrated Systems Technology Development: Personal Comfort Systems and Radiant Slab Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    CIEE State Partnership for Energy Efficient DemonstrationsAir Volume Term Definition W Watt ZNE Zero-net-energyASHRAE. CPUC. 2011. CA Energy Efficiency Strategic Plan:

  4. Microsoft Word - AMI White paper final 013108 _2_.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AMI meters) * DER Operations (using Watt and VAR data from AMI meters) * Distribution automation (including VoltVAR optimization and fault location, isolation,...

  5. Frequently Asked Questions Information on Compact Fluorescent Light Bulbs (CFLs) and Mercury

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jia, Songtao

    home's electric bill. ENERGY STAR qualified CFLs use up to 75 percent less energy than incandescent, in one year it would save enough energy to light more than 3 million homes and prevent greenhouse gas, accessible change every American can make right now to reduce energy use at home and prevent greenhouse gas

  6. Lesson Summary In this activity, students build and decorate their own

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    Materials Each Student Needs: · 1- 7 inch Oatmeal container · 1- 3 x 5 Index card · 1 Exact-o knife · 1 Construction paper · Masking tape · 1 Incandescent light bulb · Thick black markers · Markers, aluminum foil or atmosphere. #12;Group Size 1 Expendable Cost per Group $4 Engineering Connection Spectrographs are used both

  7. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Developing a Sustainable Food Outlet for UBC Food Services in the New Beaty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    listing provided by 43 CAN Lighting 11. CNA Lighting's full LED Puck Lights product listing 44 provided Management 18 G. Serving Ware 20 H. Lighting and Interior Material 22 i) Lighting 22 ii) Interior Materials comparison of energy use and light output between 42 standard incandescent bulbs and ES-qualified CFLs 9. CNA

  8. Sponsored by The Meyer Fund for Sustainable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oregon, University of

    of photovoltaic cells. To investigate the difference in behavior of solar cells when they are connected the current and voltage output of photovoltaic cells when connected to various loads. This activity incandescent bulbs 5. Photocell Output vs. Lamp Distance To investigate the photovoltaic (PV) cell output

  9. L Prize Drives Technology Innovation, Energy Savings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2014-04-30

    Fact sheet that provides an overview of DOE's L Prize competition, which challenges industry to develop high-quality, high-efficiency SSL products to replace 60W incandescent and PAR38 halogen light bulbs, and highlights the competition's first 60W winner from Philips Lighting North America.

  10. Fort Meade demonstration test LEDS in freezer rooms, fiber optics in display cases

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parker, Steven; Parker, Graham B.

    2008-10-25

    Demonstration projects at Fort George G. Meade, MD, substituted LED lighting for incandescent bulbs in commisary wal-in freezers and fiber optic lighting in reach-in display cases. The goal was to reduce energy consumption and the results were positive. Journal article published in Public Works Digest

  11. Energy Efficiency ISSN 1570-646X

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    ConEd Consolidated Edison CRT Cathode ray tube LCD Liquid crystal display LED Light emitting diode included combustion, incandescent and compact fluorescent (CFL) bulbs, and now light emitting diode (LED emitting diodes (LED), has been sug- gested as a way of reducing energy used for lighting. Such predictions

  12. September 2007 21 commonplace," predicted Shinichiro

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Chenyang

    themselves and when they are in the water. The computers are powered by the sun, which also recharges. "LEDs are becoming popular," he explained, "because their light-emit- ting power is becoming large." Also, he noted, LEDs' power efficiency is greater than that of incandescent lamps and about same

  13. Today LED Holiday Lights, Tomorrow the World?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gordon, Kelly L.

    2004-12-20

    This article for The APEM Advantage, the quarterly newsletter of the Association of Professional Energy Managers (APEM) describes the recent increase in the popularity of light emitting diode (LED) lighting and compares LED light output with that of incandescent and compact fluorescent lighting.

  14. Veeco's collaboration with Sandia has helped us lower

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Technologist Jeff Kempisty of SNL removes an InGaN LED wafer from the Veeco MOCVD system. Research Driving Down the Costs of Efficient LED Lighting Solid state lighting (SSL), which uses light emitting diodes (LEDs), has the potential to be 10 times more energy-efficient than traditional incandescent light bulbs. Currently, 20

  15. ELI Student Voices 1 ELI STUDENT VOICESVolume 10, Issue 2 Summer, 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sin, Peter

    of light pollution on firefly population here and in Thailand. I think not many people are concerned source of light pollution affecting the Thai firefly population. On the other hand, the incandescent bulb that the light will destroy fireflies. The stronger and brighter lights disturb the flashing behavior or sexual

  16. Printer Paper Brand Boise Office Max Boise Boise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    environmental impact from deliveries. #12;Envelopes Envelope Type Padded 9 ½" x 14 ½" Manila 4 1/8" x 9" White-features Compostable Compostable Compostable Compostable Image/Hyperlink Light Bulbs **All compact fluorescent (CFL of bulbs properly** Incandescent Wattage CFL Equivalent LED Equivalent 40 W 9-13 W 6-8 W 60 W 13-15 W 6-8 W

  17. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report An Investigation in Sustainable Lighting Lighting at Koerner's Pub

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    assessment will measure the social, environmental, and economic impact of each of the three lighting methods, but this report will delve into whether the Pub should switch to the more sustainable, yet less common CFL or LED lighting. The analysis and comparison of the three technologies in question, namely incandescent, CFL

  18. Numerical Modelling of Light Emission and Propagation in (Organic) LEDs with the Green's Tensor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Floreano, Dario

    light emitting diodes, light emission, light extraction, dipole radiation, stratified media, layered surpasses incandescent sources by a factor of 2 and with further improvements light emitting diodes could on light extraction techniques from inorganic light emitting diodes we recommend chapter 5 in 1 . Organic

  19. Technical Report Documentation Page 1. Report No.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and solar panels. 17. Key Words Solar Energy, Light Emitting Diodes (LED), Intersections, Incandescent Bulbs No. 3. Recipient's Catalog No. 4. Title and Subtitle Feasibility of Solar Powered Traffic Signs. By retrofitting the signals to solar energy and switching to LED the city will see major energy and cost savings

  20. High-K Based Non-Volatile Memory Devices with the Light Emitting Application 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Chi-Chou

    2014-09-05

    State Incandescent Light Emitting Device ............ 51 2.4 Plasma Deposition and Etching of the Thin Films .................................... 52 2.5 Material Properties Characterization... ......................................................... 59 2.6 Electrical Properties Characterization ....................................................... 66 2.7 Optical Properties Characterization .......................................................... 71 CHAPTER III NANOCRYSTALLINE...

  1. By Stanley Micklavzina, Asher Tubman, and Frank Vignola for the Meyer Fund for Sustainable Development and the University of Oregon Department of Physics and the Solar Radiation Monitoring Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oregon, University of

    Development and the University of Oregon Department of Physics and the Solar Radiation Monitoring Laboratory of wavelength (color) of light on the output of a solar cell. Using an incandescent light bulb, the current output of the solar cell is measured as a series of filters are placed over the solar cell. Next

  2. Formation and Characterization of Core Shell Structures on Nanoporous Gold

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    characteristics. Methods To obtain a layer of nickel on the NPG, electroplating in a Watts bath was the best of the nickel plated NPG for reference. 300 nm dealloyed gold ­ basis for plating Electroplating A 250 mL Watts in the calculated time. A nickel rod acted as the cathode. Because electroplating can sometimes not be as uniform

  3. CHILLING CONSIDERATIONS ABOUT GLOBAL WARMING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Stephen E.

    CHILLING CONSIDERATIONS ABOUT GLOBAL WARMING Stephen E. Schwartz Ethical Culture Society of Suffolk;ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION Energy per area per time Power per area Unit: Watt per square meter W m-2 #12;GLOBAL ENERGY BALANCE Global and annual average energy fluxes in watts per square meter 343 237 237 254K 390

  4. nucl-ex/960200214Feb1996 A High Power Liquid Hydrogen Target for Parity Violation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maryland at College Park, University of

    nucl-ex/960200214Feb1996 A High Power Liquid Hydrogen Target for Parity Violation Experiments E to absorb 500 watts or more with minimal change in target density. A 40 cm long liquid hydrogen target. For this experiment, a 40 cm long liquid hydrogen target was developed which can absorb 500 watts of beam power

  5. Tritium Supply Considerations Scott Willms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    history of US tritium production · 1953-1955 Tritium producing reactors online · 1976-1988 Need for new selected · 1991 Arms reduction progress, only one option needed K Reactor leaks #12;Brief history of US to DOE with Watts Bar/Sequoya service as backup 1998 "Interagency review" issued Watts Bar service chosen

  6. MO. RIV.MO. DATE 11 January 1969

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    . The expected power output of the solar panel array is entirely adequate for the operation of PSEP. 2. The optimum regulator range is 36 watts. SYSTEM INPUT POWER The output of the solar panel array. The difference in power between the solar array output and the 23.8 watts is dissipated in the regulator

  7. -Congressional Policy Brief -International Year of the Reef 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and cultural value of coral reefs and associated ecosystems. · Improve understanding of the critical threats. Photo: James Watt 8. #12;Elkhorn coral. Photo: Paige Gill Credit: Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary information, please visit http://www.icriforum.org. Red pencil urchin. Photo: James Watt Hawaiian squirrelfish

  8. Life with(in) a modular datacenterJon Kuroda UC Berkeley EECS A simple enough idea, but do they deliver? What are they like to use in reality?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    : * Racks - typically 7-8, ~40RU * Power - 10-30 kW/rack * Cooling - Watts in = Watts out * Env. Voila! Sun, IBM, HP, Rackable, Verari sell MDCs. Microsoft, others developed them for their own internal usage Use case: Sun MD S20 aka "Project Blackbox" Site: UC Berkeley, CS Building Backyard Initial

  9. GLOBAL WARMING THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Stephen E.

    PercentofTotal US China Russia Japan Germany ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION Total Global Consum ENERGY BALANCE Global and annual average energy fluxes in watts per square meter 343 237 237 254K 390 RADIATION Energy per area per time Power per area Unit: Watt per square meter W m-2 #12;Everybody talks

  10. Seeing this as people: anthropomorphism and common-sense psychology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seeing this as people: anthropomorphism and common-sense psychology Stuart Watt KMI-TR-61 April 1998 PhD Thesis #12;Anthropomorphism and common-sense psychology Seeing things as people Stuart Neil Kennaway Watt Thesis submitted for the degree of PhD in Cognitive Science (Psychology Discipline) 23rd

  11. Principal Typings for Explicit Substitutions Calculi Daniel Lima Ventura , Mauricio Ayala-Rincon , and Fairouz Kamareddine2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayala-Rincón, Mauricio

    ´ilia, Bras´ilia D.F., Brasil {ayala,ventura}@mat.unb.br 2 School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland fairouz@macs.hw.ac.uk Abstract. Having principal typings (for Research Council at the Heriot-Watt University. Author partially supported by the Brazilian CNPq Research

  12. Simply-Typed Ayala-Rinc on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayala-Rincón, Mauricio

    Computer and Electrical Engineering Universidade de Bras#19; #16;lia Heriot-Watt University Bras#19; #16;lia D. F., Brasil Edinburgh, Scotland WoLLIC 2001 | August 21 st , 2001 Universidade de Bras#19; #16;lia / Heriot-Watt University #12; WoLLIC 2001 | Applying #21;se -Uni#12;cation for HOU in the #21

  13. RESEARCH ARTICLE Ricardo C. Garla Demian D. Chapman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    species associated with shark- diving eco-tourism in the region (Watts 2001; Compag- no 2002). Along (MPAs) around key shark-dive sites (Watts 2001). MPAs are now being widely advocated for the protection, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, BR-101 s/no, Lagoa Nova, Natal, RN, Brasil E-mail: rgarla

  14. Galp associa se melhor escola de petrleo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

    juntaram-se à Galp para criar o ISPG, que se associou à Heriot Watt University para criar um mestrado em de uma parceria entre o ISPG e a Heriot Watt University, considera- da a melhor instituição de qualificado e de I&D deste sector para as operações que desenvolve em muitos países lusófo- nos, como Brasil

  15. Redesign of Lighting Fixtures for the Texas Department of Corrections 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Claridge, D. E.; Turner, W. D.; Krarti, M.; Yebra, R.

    1988-01-01

    colored blankets. 6a. Use fixture with four 34 watt tubes if no allowance for fixture degradation is deemed acceptable; 6b. Use fixture with three 40 watt high efficiency tubes and reflector if 10%-15% margin above 20 fc is needed; 6c. Use fixture...

  16. Intersection Type System with de Bruijn Indices Daniel Lima Ventura1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayala-Rincón, Mauricio

    ´ilia, Bras´ilia D.F., Brasil 2 School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh at the Heriot-Watt University. Partially supported by the CNPq. 1 #12;been investigated, but to the best of our

  17. Intersection Type System with de Bruijn Indices Daniel Lima Ventura1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamareddine, Fairouz

    ´ilia, Bras´ilia D.F., Brasil 2 School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh at the Heriot-Watt University. Partially supported by the CNPq. 1 #12;of explicit substitutions (e.g. [dB78

  18. Principal Typings for Explicit Substitutions Daniel Lima Ventura1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayala-Rincón, Mauricio

    ´ilia, Bras´ilia D.F., Brasil 2 School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, currently supported by a PhD scholarship of the CNPq at the Heriot-Watt University. Author partially

  19. School of GeoSciences, Grant Institute, University of Edinburgh, EDINBURGH EH9 3JW, Scotland . Stuart Haszeldine, Tel +44 (0)131 650 8549 E-mail s.haszeldine@ed.ac.uk. CV Jan 2013 Page 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and tectonic environments. CAREER SINCE GRADUATION 1981-84 British National Oil Corporation, then Britoil plc Visiting lecturer, Heriot-Watt University, Dept Petroleum Engineering 1998 University of Glasgow, Reader and Storage Consortium 2004 Appointed Honorary Professor, Heriot-Watt University, Institute of Petroleum

  20. Taking a Bite out of Lighting Loads 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, S.

    2013-01-01

    >70 • Excellent Uniformity • Dark Sky Friendly 36 LED VS. ESL-KT-13-12-34 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 Alamo Street, San Antonio, Texas • 87 Watt LED Replacing 25,000 250 Watt HPS • Expected...

  1. A seismic reflection profile study of lithospheric flexure in the vicinity of the Cape Verde Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watts, A. B. "Tony"

    ., 1994], Tuamotu [Ito et al., 1995], Canary Islands [Watts et al., 1997], La Re´union [Charvis et al Islands M. Y. Ali and A. B. Watts Department of Earth Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK I. Hill the stratigraphic ``architecture'' of the flexural moat that flanks the Cape Verde Islands. The moat region

  2. H A&S 222a: Introduction to Energy and Environment (Life Under the Pale Sun) Problem Set 1b: 20 April 2006 More Mechanical Energy problems (if you did not

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    person, in watts or kilowatts in the USA and globally. These are important benchmarks of our global Joules/kg. To do this you'll need to know how many miles per gallon (mpg) you are burning and then do the conversions to get watts of power (an optimistic guess would be 20 mpg at 50 mph). ·Your headlights use about

  3. The Birmingham City Council voted unanimously to ban texting while driv-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bedwell, David M.

    came from within," said UAB President Carol Garrison. Watts, 56, holds the John N. Whitaker Endowed in patient care and research," Garrison said. "Dr. Watts consistently has demonstrated superior leadership a successor was named. Garrison praised Rich, saying, "We are very grateful to Bob Rich for the many important

  4. Investigation of Transcription Factor Binding Sequences and Target Genes using Protein Binding Microarrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolotin, Eugene Leonidovich

    2010-01-01

    64] A. J. Watt, W. D. Garrison, and S. A. Duncan. HNF4: aBattle, K. Si-Tayeb, W. Garrison, S. Chhinder, J. Li, R. J.43, [40] A. J. Watt, W. D. Garrison, and S. A. Duncan. HNF4:

  5. TO DISCOVER TO THE CAMPUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenaway, Alan

    the rapidly evolving challenges of the modern world. Acclaimed as the first true "people's college", the Watt in Scotland and Dubai and 17,000 students in 150 countries registered on its courses. Home to Europe's first

  6. Advanced Integrated Systems Technology Development: Personal Comfort Systems and Radiant Slab Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    Air Volume Term Definition W Watt ZNE Zero-net-energyConditioning in Near Zero-Net- Energy Buildings The goal ofconstruct a building with zero net energy use. The building

  7. Product Efficiency Programs | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    is switched off or not performing its primary purpose. Federal agencies are required to purchase products with a low standby power level of 1 Watt or less. See the Low Standby...

  8. Do Photovoltaic Energy Systems Effect Residential Selling Prices? Results from a California Statewide Investigation.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoen, Ben; Cappers, Pete; Wiser, Ryan; Thayer, Mark

    2011-04-12

    An increasing number of homes in the U.S. have sold with photovoltaic (PV) energy systems installed at the time of sale, yet relatively little research exists that provides estimates of the marginal impacts of those PV systems on home sale prices. This research analyzes a large dataset of California homes that sold from 2000 through mid-2009 with PV installed. We find strong evidence that homes with PV systems sold for a premium over comparable homes without PV systems during this time frame. Estimates for this premium expressed in dollars per watt of installed PV range, from roughly $4 to $6.4/watt across the full dataset, to approximately $2.3/watt for new homes, to more than $6/watt for existing homes. A number of ideas for further research are suggested.

  9. Systems/Circuits Scaling of Topologically Similar Functional Modules Defines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Issa, Naoum

    this structure manifests functionally particularly at the larger mesoscale throughout the neocortex. Elucidating (Watts and Strogatz, 1998; Alon, 2007). We imaged the flow of activity at the at the mesoscale level

  10. Thermoelectrics Combined with Solar Concentration for Electrical and Thermal Cogeneration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Philip Robert

    2012-01-01

    of electrical and thermal energy, and the software used forincident 384 watts of thermal energy from the sun via thethe system can extract thermal energy from the receiver, but

  11. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1 - 2 of 2 results. Download Watt Does It Cost To Use It? Students learn how electrical usage is counted and priced. They measure and evaluate energy use and cost of representative...

  12. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1 - 1 of 1 result. Download Watt Does It Cost To Use It? Students learn how electrical usage is counted and priced. They measure and evaluate energy use and cost of representative...

  13. MANDATORY MEASURES DAYLIGHTING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    a general lighting system with a power density greater than 0.5 watts per square foot 10/31/2014 DAYLIGHTING, the automatic daylighting controls requirements for primary sidelit zones also apply to general lighting

  14. AEP Ohio - Commercial New Construction Energy Efficiency Rebate...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    0.02 - 0.04kWh annualized savings Interior Controls: 0.08Watt controlled Lighting Power Density Incentive: 400kW below ASHRAE 90.1-2004 allowed wattage Unitary and Split...

  15. LIGHTING CONTROLS: SURVEY OF MARKET POTENTIAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verderber, R.R.

    2010-01-01

    Floors Floor Area Lighting Power Density Light Output Lampenergy den- sity and power density for lighting to 3.5 kWh/Lighting Level (Lumens/Watt) (Footcandles) Power Density (

  16. Market Trial: Selling Off-Grid Lighting Products in Rural Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tracy, Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    choice to not purchase the solar panel. Each of the productsaccompanying polycrystalline solar panel varied considerablyBattery Capacity (mAh) 4 Solar Panel Rating (watts) 6 (H)

  17. WHAT TO BRING RIT Housing Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salvaggio, Carl

    Extension cords and multi-plug adapters Portable space heaters Halogen lamps and halogen bulbs 300 watts, or laundry basket (Ones that fold are best) Towels and washcloths Iron and small portable ironing board

  18. Sustainability - is it for the CIO?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mangal, Vandana Ann

    2010-01-01

    use 20-100 watts of energy per square foot, with newer, moreconsumed or energy intensity per square foot in a companyper square foot. Server and other IT equipment consume about three-quarters of this energy, and

  19. OxfordCentreforTectonicandMetallogenicStudies For details concerning OCTAMS initiatives, or undergraduate/postgraduate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Gideon

    STRATIGRAPHY (Stephen Hesselbo) · GRAVITY MODELLING, BACK STRIPPING AND BASIN EVOLUTION (Tony Watts) · ORE DEPOSITS AND THEIR TECTONIC SETTING (Laurence Robb, Andrew Mitchell) · SEISMIC WAVE PROPAGATION to the Oman Mountains emphasizing type sections of exposed Mesozoic­ Tertiary rocks, stratigraphy, structural

  20. Basin Research (1999) 11, 285290 Gravity anomalies, subsidence history and the tectonic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watts, A. B. "Tony"

    1999-01-01

    Basin Research (1999) 11, 285­290 DISCUSSION Gravity anomalies, subsidence history and the tectonic' (Madon &and calculate the stretching factor (b), Madon & Watts (1998) conducted subsidence time were then matched to best-fit DEPOSITIONAL ENVIRONMENTS ANDtheoretical subsidence curves

  1. The University of Tennessee's National Institute for Computational Sciences (NICS), winner of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -water heat exchange system, of the two types of simulations combined. The fault surface divides the map of southern California into two of more than 2,000 watts per square foot. That level of power consumption creates commensurate heat

  2. CX-005092: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Non-radiological Carbon Analysis Using Oceanography International Analytical 1030 Watt InstrumentCX(s) Applied: B3.6Date: 12/15/2010Location(s): Aiken, South CarolinaOffice(s): Savannah River Operations Office

  3. Magnetic machines and power electronics for power MEMS applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Das, Sauparna, 1979-

    2005-01-01

    This thesis presents the modeling, design, and characterization of microfabricated, surface-wound, permanent-magnet (PM) generators, and their power electronics, for use in Watt-level Power MEMS applications such as a ...

  4. Sometimes finding your way around campus can be overwhelming. Below are real life things college students do--use the map to follow along on a typical day. Along the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    mobiles--Keep the air circulating, driving the warm air at the top toward the bottom. Keep it cool water from the sun--Solar panels on the roof produce 2400 watts that heat water for sinks and showers

  5. Thermoelectric Conversion of Waste Heat to Electricity in an...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Fabricated at MSU (40 Watts @ T 700C) FEA Model of 16 Leg Module 1 2 3 4 Example of Stress Distribution in 16 Leg Module (300K - 800K) 1 3 4 2 Performance Measures and...

  6. Understanding Wind Turbine Price Trends in the U.S. Over the Past Decade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2013-01-01

    P. Shonfield. 2011. Life Cycle Assessment of ElectricityJ. Blanco. 2009. “Life Cycle Assessment of a Multi-MegaWattLotte. 2000. “Life cycle assessment of a wind farm and

  7. CoServ Electric Cooperative- Commercial Energy Efficient Lighting Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    CoServ Electric Cooperative provides rebates for commercial and industrial customers who upgrade to high efficiency lighting for the workplace. A rebate of $0.20/watt saved is available on interior...

  8. Chicopee Electric Light- Residential Solar Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Chicopee Electric Light offers rebates to residential customers who install solar photovoltaic (PV) systems on their homes. Customer rebates are $0.50 per watt for a maximum of $2,500 per...

  9. Evaluation of Body Sensor Network Platforms: A Design Space and Benchmarking Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poovendran, Radha

    such as SPSW (Samples Processed per Second per Watt) and EPC (Ex- pected Power Consumption). To measure is then transmitted to a central gateway de- vice such as a cellphone or PDA, which in turn can convey

  10. Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2012-01-01

    Bloomberg NEF”). 2011c. Wind Turbine Price Index, Issue V.Hand, A. Laxson. 2006. Wind Turbine Design Cost and Scalingof a Multi-MegaWatt Wind Turbine. ” Renewable Energy, vol.

  11. Pour obtenir le grade de DOCTEUR DE L'UNIVERSIT DE GRENOBLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy Heriot Watt University Institute of Petroleum Engineering digital image correlation, thin sections, strain, damage, geomechanics tel-00721812,version1-30Jul2012 #12

  12. Oil and Gas CDT Downscaling-Upscaling: A Robust Method of Linking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Gideon

    Oil and Gas CDT Downscaling-Upscaling: A Robust Method of Linking Geomechanical Simulations and Fluid Flow Simulations Heriot-Watt University, Institute of Petroleum Engineering Supervisory Team Prof Geomechanical simulation; fractures; strain; flow upscaling Overview Geomechanical simulations of trap

  13. Mortgage default and student outcomes, the solar home price premium, and the magnitude of housing price declines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dastrup, Samuel R.

    2011-01-01

    The market value and cost of solar photovoltaic electricityfour different measures of costs of solar panels. The first$35,967; ($9.02/watt) cost of solar for solar sales Average

  14. Design, automation, and test for low-power and reliable flexible electronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, TC; Huang, JL; Cheng, KT

    2015-01-01

    M. Gratzel. A low-cost, high-efficiency solar cell based oncell. Silicon Solar Cell The cost per watt of crystalline-low manufacturing cost, hybrid solar cells that incorporate

  15. City of Lompoc Utilities- PV Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    City of Lompoc Utilities provides rebates to its electric customers who purchase and install photovoltaic (PV) systems. The rebate is $1.00 per watt-AC. The incentive amount may not exceed 50% the...

  16. Where do the default values for the cost of system breakdowns...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Where do the default values for the cost of system breakdowns come from in SAM, for direct and indirect costs, such as 0.63 per DC watt for panels. 0.18 for inverters. Are these...

  17. Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAllister, Joseph Andrew

    2012-01-01

    level and home size. PV cost per watt of capacity decreases46 Figure 3.9. PV System Cost Evolution by Program Volume,Figure 5.17. Residential PV Systems Cost of CO 2 Reductions

  18. Lumens and the Lighting Facts Label | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    light be any different? For decades, we have been buying lightbulbs based on how much energy they consume (watts) -- no matter how much light they give us (lumens). What's a...

  19. Department of Energy Announces Funding to Support the Next Generation...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    and development programs to achieve the goal of 1a watt utility-level installed photovoltaics by 2020. Learn more about the SunShot Initiative Fellowship Program. More...

  20. Truckee Donner PUD- Photovoltaic Buy Down Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    As required by Senate Bill 1 of 2006, Truckee Donner PUD incentive levels will step down annually during the 10 year program. For program year 2015 the incentive level is $2.55 per watt AC,...

  1. Project Profile: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A 2010 Rocky Mountain Institute report estimated that structural systems alone cost about $0.95 per watt for rooftop installations. Cascade is developing a plastic-based photovoltaic (PV) racking...

  2. 1992 CBECS C&E Table 3.29

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    per Square Foot and Load Factors, 1992 Building Characteristics RSE Column Factor: All Demand-Metered Buildings Peak Watts per Square Foot Load Factor RSE Row Factor Number of...

  3. Enabling dedicated single-cycle connections over a shared network-on-chip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krishna, Tushar

    2014-01-01

    Adding multiple processing cores on the same chip has become the de facto design choice as we continue extracting more and more performance/watt from our chips in every technology generation. In this context, the interconnect ...

  4. lighting in the library

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    plan: the number of watts (I); the number of kilowatt-hours (J); its annual electricity cost (K); the carbon dioxide greenhouse gas created by the electricity produced (L); and...

  5. MA 22300 EXAM 2 Spring 2013 1. An ice hockey puck is sliding ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-02-28

    The power P (in watts) generated by a windmill is given by P(V )=1.302V 3/2, where ... power produced when the wind speed changes from 16 feet per second to ...

  6. Using ultra narrow bandwidth to overcome traditional problems with distribution line carrier

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hunt, P.C.; Hunt, L.R.

    1995-12-31

    It has long been common knowledge among communication engineers that wide bandwidth signals require more energy to overcome noise than do narrow band signals. This is why, during adverse conditions Morse code radio communications can get through when voice can`t. To achieve similar range: A television transmitter (6000 kHz bandwidth) requires 200,000 watts; A music broadcast transmitter (60 kHz bandwidth) requires 2000 watts; A voice only transmitter (3 kHz bandwidth) requires 100 watts. Carry this principle to extremes: An Ultra Narrow Bandwidth (UNB) transmitter (.00001 kHz bandwidth) requires .003 watts. This paper explores the advantages of using Ultra Narrow Bandwidth (UNB) in power line carrier systems. Using an Automatic Meter Reading System as an example, the authors explore how UNB allows (or sometimes requires) a change in system architecture, which creates further advantages.

  7. CROSSED BEAM REACTIVE SCATTERING OF OXYGEN ATOMS AND SURFACE SCATTERING STUDIES OF GASEOUS CONDENSATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sibener, S.J.

    2010-01-01

    F. 0( D,) Production When dilute oxygen-helium gas mixturesoxygen-helium mixture for maximizing Of D ) production. D Ihelium mixtures (12S torr total pressure, 145 watts I The genera­ and have observed atomic hydrogen production.

  8. Corona Department of Water & Power- Solar Partnership Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Corona Department of Water & Power is providing rebates for residential and commercial photovoltaic (PV) systems. The rebate amount for 2015 is $0.78 per watt up to $2,340 for residential...

  9. Novel phosphors for solid state lighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Furman, Joshua D

    2010-11-16

    Solid state white light emitting diode lighting devices outperform conventional light sources in terms of lifetime, durability, and lumens per watt. However, the capital contribution is still to high to encourage widespread adoption. Furthermore...

  10. Taunton Municipal Lighting Plant- Residential PV Rebate Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Customers of Taunton Municipal Lighting Plant (TMLP) may be eligible for a $1.50/watt rebate on solar photovoltaic (PV) installations, up to a maximum rebate of $4,500. The system must be installed...

  11. Where do the default values for the cost of system breakdowns...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    values for the cost of system breakdowns come from in SAM, for direct and indirect costs, such as 0.63 per DC watt for panels. 0.18 for inverters. Are these base on a recent...

  12. School Department Dean Level Designee Level HEALTH SCIENCES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammack, Richard

    .D Department of Health Administration Carolyn A. Watts, Ph.D. Yasar Ozcan, Ph.D. Department of Nurse Anesthesia/Ph.D. Department of Orthodontics Steven J. Lindauer, MDSc/DMD Department of Pediatric Dentistry Tegwyn H

  13. Supporting Security-oriented Collaborative nanoCMOS Electronics e-Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinnott, R.O.

    Sinnott,R.O. Millar,C. Stewart,G. Doherty,T. Martin,D. Watt,J. Proceedings of International Conference on Computational Science, Krakow, Poland, June 2008.

  14. 2011 October Center Directory.pub

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Watt Way, VHE 309 ningfenh@usc.edu 213-740-0713 Gisele Ragusa, PhD, MS Department of Psychology in Education 3470 Trousdale Parkway, WPH 401 Los Angeles, Ca, 90089 ragusa@usc.edu...

  15. FMCAD Conference --November, 2006 Warren A. Hunt, Jr. UT CS and ECE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manolios, Panagiotis "Pete"

    Hot Plate Nuclear Reactor (Watts/cm ) Lithography Feature Size (micrometers) 3 #12;FMCAD Conference are increasing in complexity faster than our ability to manage them or control them. - If we are aggressive, networking, and control systems. 4 #12;

  16. Combination of Indoor and Outdoor Positioning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    / passive sensors Accuracy (m ­ km) Application (industry, surveying, navigation) June 24-26, 2008 ETH.00005 Attenuation of various building materials (L1 = 1500 MHz) Stone (1997) Signal Strength in Decibel Watt of GNSS

  17. City of Sunset Valley- PV Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Sunset Valley rebate is $1.00 per watt (W) up to 3,000 W. In order to qualify for the Sunset Valley rebate, the system must first qualify for an Austin Energy rebate. In addition, the system...

  18. 'I'm not Geordie! I'm not actually anything!' Convergent and divergent trends: Dialect levelling and the struggle for identity in a South Durham New-Town. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Helen Faye

    2009-11-26

    This paper identifies the linguistic and extra-linguistic factors of variation which exist in the unique dialect of Newton Aycliffe, a South Durham New-Town “with no identity”. A panel study, similar to that of Watt and ...

  19. Carbon Nanotubes and Nano-Structure Manufacturing at TJNAF |...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    use tens of watts to make nanotubes at around 200 milligrams per hour. Michael W. Smith, a staff scientist at NASA Langley Research Center, and his colleagues designed a new...

  20. Meeting Customers' Energy Efficiency Goals- In Concert with the Environment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merchant, D. G.

    1993-01-01

    of its major components. The "EcoWatt Benefit Report" is detailed and the benefits for participants are outlined. Testimonials received by this program from community, environmental, and governmental sources are also presented for discussion....

  1. Micro-Management of Lighting Controls Projects 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, W. H.

    1994-01-01

    A common lighting project is to evaluate a block of rooms for savings and payback from the use of photocells or occupancy sensors. The designer counts the fixtures to be controlled, calculates the watts used and then the expected savings...

  2. Explicit Substitutions Calculi with Explicit Eta rules which Preserve Subject Reduction #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayala-Rincón, Mauricio

    â?º â? ao, Departamento de Matemâ??atica, Universidade de Brasâ??�lia, Brasâ??�lia D.F., Brasil 2 School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences, Heriot­Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland {ventura

  3. SUBSEXPL: a tool for simulating and comparing explicit substitutions calculi1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayala-Rincón, Mauricio

    .F., Brasil { ¢¡¤£¦¥¨§©¨©¢££¦¢£ ¡¤£ }! " #%$&# ** School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences Heriot-Watt

  4. Austin's Adoption of ASHRAE S.P. #41 into the Local Energy Code 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, M. N.; Holder, L.M.

    1985-01-01

    , insulation, lighting power and controls. A performance index encourages good design by increased awareness of what factors make a difference, The new lighting code methodology is based upon specified watts per square foot for different tasks and gives credit...

  5. Electronic Notes in Theoretical Computer Science 67 (2002) URL: http://www.elsevier.nl/locate/entcs/volume67.html 20 pages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayala-Rincón, Mauricio

    2002-01-01

    Kamareddine 1 School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland Fran Departamento de Matem#19;atica, Universidade de Bras#19;#16;lia, Bras#19;#16;lia D.F., Brasil Abstract We

  6. DOE/SF/15929-1 FSC-ESD-86-368-11 SURVIVABILITY ENHANCEMENT STUDY

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    of 450,000. A 25-watt Sentinel generator currently costs about 300,000. Teledyne estimates the BUP-500 RTG will cost 650,000 - 700,000. These commercial prices indicate that...

  7. PROCEEDINGS OF WORKSHOP ON THERMOMECHANICAL-HYDROCHEMICAL MODELING FOR A HARDROCK WASTE REPOSITORY. JULY 29-31, 1980. MARRIOTT INN, BERKELEY, CA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Authors, Various

    2010-01-01

    Status of the Hydrogeology for the WIPP G. Barr and D.75 K Watt/Acre Repository at the WIPP Site," CSI-2053-04, inof the Hydrogeology for the WIPP- G. E. Barr and D. D.

  8. Table D.2 List of equiement used in Griffin Experiment. Manufacturer, serial number, and comment/description are given in adjacent columns.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    600 Proven engineering Solar Panels Power generation Six, 75 Watt panels. Pairs of panels were battery bank. BP 275 BP solar Generator Power generation 1.2 kW generator converted to run on propane

  9. A prototype station for ARIANNA: a detector for cosmic neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerhardt, L.

    2010-01-01

    the tower structure and solar panels. The main electronicsis provided by four 30-Watt solar panels. In the winter, aaway. The antennas, four solar panels, a wind generator and

  10. Securing a low-carbon future for the UK -EOR Joint Industry Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    Petroleum UK Ltd and Shell. About SCCS and our partners Scottish Carbon Capture & Storage (SCCS) is an independent research partnership of British Geological Survey (BGS), Heriot-Watt University, the University

  11. Consortium for Advanced Simulation of Light Water Reactors

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for TVA Watts Bar plant * First-of-a-kind three-dimensional (3D) assessment of fuel pellet-to- cladding interaction * VERA 1.0 established with infrastructure and basic industry...

  12. Actress - an action semantics directed compiler generator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watt, D.A.

    Watt,D.A. Brown,D. Moura,H. Compiler Construction - 4th Intl. Conference CC'92 (ed. Kastens, U., and Pfahler, P.) Springer LNCS pp 95-109 Springer

  13. Quarterly Nuclear Deployment Scorecard - July 2012 | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    four ABWRs have been operated in Japan and four are nearing completion in Japan and Taiwan. Expected Operation Date TVA expects Watts Bar 2 to be completed by late 2015....

  14. Impact of Large Scale Energy Efficiency Programs On Consumer Tariffs and Utility Finances in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abhyankar, Nikit

    2011-01-01

    Power requirement (Watts) Appliance life (hours) Usage (hours/year) Retail marketPower requirement (W) Appliance life 10 (yrs) 10 (yrs) 10 (yrs) (yrs) (hours or years) Usage (hours/year) Retail market

  15. Growth connectomics: the organization and re-organization of brain networks during normal and abnormal development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vértes, Petra E.; Bullmore, Edward T.

    2014-12-01

    ). This small-world architecture was originally described in the context of the collaboration graph of film actors, the power grid of the western United States, and the neuronal network of the nematode worm Caenorhabditis elegans (Watts & Strogatz, 1998...

  16. INFRARED VIBRATIONAL PREDISSOCIATION SPECTROSCOPY OF WATER CLUSTERS BY THE CROSSED LASER MOLECULAR BEAM TECHNIQUE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vernon, M.F.

    2013-01-01

    transition state for the tetramer dissociating into a trimer+ a trimer (H20)z H+ b tetramer (Hz0)3 H+ c pentamer (H20)44. Continued. Watts Fig. 5(d) Tetramer Fig. 5(e) Stillinger

  17. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    are offered at 0.75watt-dc. Rebates may be assigned to the customer, a service provider, or a third party. The 2015 program budget is 212,500. Past program budgets...

  18. Advances in Chip Technology, Packaging Enable White LED Breakthroughs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Significant advances in chip technology have enabled Cree, Inc.'s Santa Barbara Technology Center to demonstrate white LEDs with record efficacies as high as 74 lumens per watt - on par with...

  19. TV Energy Consumption Trends and Energy-Efficiency Improvement Options

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Won Young

    2011-01-01

    a PDP’s luminous efficacy is the key to saving energy in PDPENERGY STAR-qualified PDP TVs appear to have achieved luminousluminous efficacy (lumens per watt [lm/W]) improves, the energy

  20. LED Performance Specification Series: T8 Replacement Lamps

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    the better fixture efficiency measured with LED T8s compared to fluorescent. Note that luminous efficacy for the LED T8 is not specified. This is because LED T8 watt- age...

  1. Design of an overmoded W-Band coupled cavity TWT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Comfoltey, Edward Nicholas

    2009-01-01

    We present the design and cold test validation of a novel, overmoded Traveling Wave Tube (TWT) capable of producing power levels in excess of 100 Watts at frequencies of 100 GHz and above. High power sources at frequencies ...

  2. 2002/11/12 Roberto Innocente 1 Transport protocols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Innocente, Roberto

    that that the receiver is flooded by the sender · TCP as many other protocols uses a sliding window mechanism · in every congestion control · It had an importance similar to that the Watt's Flyball regulator had for the steam

  3. THE SCOTTISH ENCOUNTER WITH TROPICAL DISEASE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schnaufer, Achim

    and technological advancement flooded out of Scotland. Joseph Black (1728-1799) led a revolution in chemistry and his former Glasgow University pupil James Watt (1736-1819) invented the steam engine. Scottish

  4. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    In addition, Kentucky corporate taxpayers may take a credit equal to 3 per watt (DC) of rated capacity for the installation of a photovoltaic (PV) system. Solar and wind...

  5. LARGER ITEMS Aquatic climbing wall for lake www.crs4rec.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuart, Steven J.

    LARGER ITEMS Aquatic climbing wall for lake www.crs4rec.com Oreck vacuum cleaners Household Carpet preferred) (60 or 75 watt) Extension cords (green; 15', 50' and 100') Dog food for the Outdoor Lab (Purina

  6. DUCC June Meeting June 21, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brownstone, Rob

    Lemon, Floyd Dykeman, Hannah Dahn, Marc Braithwaite, Jennifer Watts, Art Irwin, Nicholas Hatt, Keri Orientation Hannah Dahn provided an update, September 5 to 8th. Similar to past years, it is a dry week

  7. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    Ovens Electric Heat Pumps Geothermal Heat Pumps Solar WaterOvens Appliance DC-internal product power (Watts) Personal Computers and Related Equipment Rechargeable Electronics Refrigerators Room Air Conditioners Security Systems Solar

  8. TEP- Renewable Energy Credit Purchase Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    '''''Note: The Arizona Corporation Commission (ACC) recently approved modifications to this program. The up-front incentive for residential photovoltaics (PV) has been reduced to $0.10 per watt,...

  9. Solar & Heliospheric Observatory The SOLAR AND HELIOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martens, Petrus C.

    of propellants. The maximum power supply from the solar cells is 1400 Watt, with a maximum payload consumption vantage position has allowed nearly uninterrupted observations of the Sun, 24 hours a day, 365 days a year

  10. Ameren Missouri- Photovoltaic Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Ameren Missouri offers rebates to its customers for the installation of net metered photovoltaic (PV) systems on their properties. The rebate is set at $2.00 per DC watt with a maximum rebate of ...

  11. Microsoft Word - NGL Downlight Report Alston Bird CBI FINAL 2015...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    in Energy and Environmental Design LEED-CI Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design-Commercial Interiors LPD lighting power density lmW lumens per watt LLP Limited...

  12. How Much Do You Consume? | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    capacitor needs 1.21 gigawatts (which he inexplicably pronounces "jigowatts") of power to transport Marty to the future. Watts are a measure of power, or energy used over a period...

  13. Thermoelectrics Combined with Solar Concentration for Electrical and Thermal Cogeneration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Philip Robert

    2012-01-01

    watts of thermal energy from the sun via the water coolingkilowatt-hours of energy from the sun per square mile perthe heat. The thermal energy from the sun is typically used

  14. Residential Small Renewable Energy Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The rebate is equal to $0.75 per watt of nominal generation capacity per residential owner of an eligible facility, up to $3,750 or 50% of system costs, whichever is less. Photovoltaic (PV)...

  15. Deep Energy Retrofits - Eleven California Case Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Less, Brennan

    2014-01-01

    below) with solar thermal is the largest energy use in the225 Watts Renewable Energy PV Solar Thermal X X X X X X X Xpre-heat solar thermal system to reduce the DHW energy use,

  16. Scientists use mathematics to build mental universes. They write down mathematical de-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    range from Watt's steam engine governor, designed during the English Industrial Revolution, to the sophisticated microprocessor controllers found in items ­ such as CD players and automobiles ­ or in industrial

  17. Ukiah Utilities- PV Buydown Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Through Ukiah Utilities’ PV Buydown Program, residential and commercial customers are eligible for a $1.40-per-watt AC rebate on qualifying grid-connected PV systems up to a maximum system size of...

  18. PONTIFICIA UNIVERSIDAD CATOLICA DE CHILE ESCUELA DE INGENIERIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dixon, Juan

    WYNGARD JUAN PABLO MONTERO AYALA DAVID WATTS CASIMIS MARCOS SEPULVEDA FERNÁNDEZ Para completar las Montero, y a Rodrigo Moreno, por sus comentarios que fueron bien recogidos a lo largo de esta tesis

  19. Renewable Energy Tax Credit (Corporate)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In addition, Kentucky corporate taxpayers may take a credit equal to $3 per watt (DC) of rated capacity for the installation of a photovoltaic (PV) system. Solar and wind technologies have a maxi...

  20. LED ProspectsLED Prospects photometric units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pulfrey, David L.

    -life incandescent with LED. · 10 light fixtures/home, lights on for 6h/day, 333 days/yr. · Electricity 0.12 $/kWh. W Illuminated by: (a) high-CRI source (b) low-CRI source EFS #12;6 http://www.ecse.rpi.edu/~schubert/Light-Emitting-Diodes-dot-org/ #12;7 http://www.ecse.rpi.edu/~schubert/Light-Emitting-Diodes-dot-org/ #12;8 http://www.ecse.rpi.edu/~schubert/Light

  1. Rod-to-rod spacing illuminating device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fodor, G.; Gaal, P.S.

    1984-03-14

    A system for obtaining an image of an object includes at least one light source having an incandescent filament. An image of the filament is projected onto an object to be observed. Using light reflected from the object, an image of the object is generated. Such a system may employ a television camera to generate the image, and is especially suited for remote observation of objects.

  2. Michael Shur (shurm@rpi.edu) http://nina.ecse.rpi.edu/shur/ 1 Plasma WavePlasma Wave--basedbased

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pala, Nezih

    ) ·Radar 10-1 ­ 1 m (1936) Cell phone (1973) ·Terahertz Gap (10 m ­ 1 mm) ·IR ·Incandescent 4 10-7 ­ 7.6 10 and biology ­THz radiation ­Imaging ­Spectroscopy and sensing ·Plasma wave electronics for THz generation.com/ap_products/images/prods_Terahertz_graphLarge.jpg #12;Michael Shur (shurm@rpi.edu) http://nina.ecse.rpi.edu/shur/ 5 Black Body and THz Radiation

  3. A single fermentation tube method for the bacteriological analysis of drinking water 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watts, John Wesley

    1980-01-01

    A SINGLE FERMENTATION 'ICE METHOD FOR THE BACTERIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF DRINKING WATER A Thesis by JOHN WESLEY WATTS Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A lk M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1980 Major Subject: Civil Engineering A SINGLE FERMENTATION IIJBE METHOD FOR THE BACTERIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF DRINKING WATER A Thesis by JOHN WESLEY WATTS Approved as to style and content by: ( Chairman of Committee y...

  4. REFERENCE: The Blue Planet An Introduction to Earth System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    : Is the process by which hot, less dense materials rise upward and are replaced by cold, more dense materials = (2.8 x1023 m2)(1370 W/m2) = 3.8 x 1026 watts 1 watt (W) = J/s #12;The fusion process: Nuclear produces its energy by two fusion reactions: 1. Proton-Proton (PP) ­ 88% 2. Carbon-Nitrogen-Oxygen (CNO

  5. League City Intermediate School - A Study in Energy Efficient Design 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Longserre, J. T.; Ahrens, L.

    1984-01-01

    ventilation. 2. The installation of an efficient heat pump system with a modular air condi- tioning design. 3. Indirect lighting in classrooms and the us.? of high pressure sodium (HPS) lamps to produce maximum lumens per watt. 4. A vell insulated...- The primary source of electric lighting is color corrected, high pressure sodium (HPS) designed to provide approximately 50 footcandles without natural lighting. Classrooms, gyms, the commons and resource center all utilize HPS ligh ing. One 250 watt...

  6. Switch Mechanism Diagnosis using a Pattern Recognition Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chamroukhi, Faicel

    6 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 Time (Second) Power(Watt) critical lack of lubrication C2: class 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 Time(Second) Power(Watt) #12;The proposed pattern recognition approach 19 are observed on the shape of the signal #12;0 1 2 3 4 5 6 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 Time (Second) Power

  7. Demonstration of Recessed Downlight Technologies: Power and Illumination Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parker, Steven A.; Beeson, Tracy A.

    2009-11-20

    Solid state lighting (SSL), specifically light-emitting diodes (LED), has been advancing at a rapid pace, and there are presently multiple products available that serve as direct replacements for traditional luminaires. In this demonstration, conventional recessed lights in a conference room were used to compare conventional incandescent A-lamps, incandescent reflector R-lamps, dimming compact fluorescent lamps (CFL), to an LED replacement product. The primary focus during the study was on light delivered to the task plane as provided by the power required by the lighting system. Vertical illuminance, dimming range, and color shift are also important indicators of lighting quality and are discussed in the report. The results clearly showed that LEDs, with dimming-capable drivers, are much more efficient than incandescent and CFLs. Further, LEDs provide much smoother and consistent dimming than dimmable CFLs. On the potential negative side, it is important that the dimming switch be identified as compatible with the LED driver. A wide variety of dimmer switches are capable of dimming LEDs down to 15% of full light output, while select others can be capable of dimming LEDs down to 5%. In addition, LEDs can be intensive light sources, which can result in uncomfortable glare in some applications and to some occupants. Higher ceiling (9-foot or greater) or non-specular reflectors can act to alleviate the potential for glare.

  8. Application Of Optical Processing For Growth Of Silicon Dioxide

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sopori, Bhushan L. (Denver, CO)

    1997-06-17

    A process for producing a silicon dioxide film on a surface of a silicon substrate. The process comprises illuminating a silicon substrate in a substantially pure oxygen atmosphere with a broad spectrum of visible and infrared light at an optical power density of from about 3 watts/cm.sup.2 to about 6 watts/cm.sup.2 for a time period sufficient to produce a silicon dioxide film on the surface of the silicon substrate. An optimum optical power density is about 4 watts/cm.sup.2 for growth of a 100.ANG.-300.ANG. film at a resultant temperature of about 400.degree. C. Deep level transient spectroscopy analysis detects no measurable impurities introduced into the silicon substrate during silicon oxide production and shows the interface state density at the SiO.sub.2 /Si interface to be very low.

  9. Application of optical processing for growth of silicon dioxide

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sopori, B.L.

    1997-06-17

    A process for producing a silicon dioxide film on a surface of a silicon substrate is disclosed. The process comprises illuminating a silicon substrate in a substantially pure oxygen atmosphere with a broad spectrum of visible and infrared light at an optical power density of from about 3 watts/cm{sup 2} to about 6 watts/cm{sup 2} for a time period sufficient to produce a silicon dioxide film on the surface of the silicon substrate. An optimum optical power density is about 4 watts/cm{sup 2} for growth of a 100{angstrom}-300{angstrom} film at a resultant temperature of about 400 C. Deep level transient spectroscopy analysis detects no measurable impurities introduced into the silicon substrate during silicon oxide production and shows the interface state density at the SiO{sub 2}/Si interface to be very low. 1 fig.

  10. Shipboard electronics thermoacoustic cooler. Master`s thesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ballister, S.C.; McKelvey, D.J.

    1995-06-01

    A thermoacoustic refrigerator that was optimized for preservation of biological samples in space, was modified for use as a cooler for the CV-2095 shipboard radar electronics rack. The thermoacoustic cooler was tested in the laboratory and demonstrated at sea aboard USS DEYO (DD-989). In the laboratory, using a calibrated heat load, the data acquisition system was able to account for the total energy balance to within 4%. At the highest operating power aboard ship, 226.6 Watts of acoustic power was used to provide 419 Walls of useful cooling power, corresponding to a coefficient of performance of 1.85. Taking into account the 53.9% electroacoustic efficiency of the loudspeakers, the Shipboard Electronics ThermoAcoustic Cooler (SETAC) provided one Watt of cooling for each Watt of electrical power input.

  11. Energy efficient alternatives to halogen torchieres

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Siminovitch, M.; Marr, L.; Mitchell, J.; Page, E.

    1997-03-01

    A series of novel energy efficient torchiere systems have been developed using compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs). These systems were studied photometrically and compared with the performance of traditional commercially available tungsten halogen sources. Gonio-photometric data and power assessments indicate that significant lighting energy savings can be obtained by utilizing CFL sources instead of standard tungsten halogen sources. This energy savings is jointly due to the higher source efficacy of the CFLs and the surprisingly poor performance of the imported 300 Watt halogen lamps. Experimental data shows that a 50 to 60 Watt CFL will effectively lumen match a variety of 300 Watt tungsten halogen sources with 5 to 10 times the efficacy. CFL torchieres have additional benefits of higher power quality and cooler lamp operating temperature, making them safer fixtures.

  12. Applying Improved Efficiency Transformers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haggerty, N. K.; Malone, T. P.

    1998-01-01

    EVALUATION ($/WATT) DESIGN PRICE LOSSES $0.00 $0.50 $1.00 $2.00 $3 .00 $5.00 A 114.89% 64.17% 144.89% 118.88% 105.54% 91.99% 85.12% 78.20% B 140.89% 65.24% 140.89% 116.51% 104.01% 91.30% 84.87% 78.38% C 123.34% 71.47% 123.34% 106.62% 98.06% 89.34% 84..., the additional cost to reduce each additional watt of losses increases. % OF STAMlARD TOC AT $2.00 PER WATT 125% _"__...'.'.__ ..?_._...__ .?_.. .. .__.._..._ .. _.__?. _ 120% ~ 115% o ~ 110% ~ 105% ~ 100% en ~ 95% #. 90% 85...

  13. Data summary for the near-shore sediment characterization task of the Clinch River Environmental Restoration Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levine, D.A.; Hargrove, W.W.; Campbell, K.R.; Wood, M.A.; Rash, C.D.

    1994-10-01

    This report presents the results of the Near-Shore Sediment Characterization Task of the Clinch River Environmental Restoration Program (CR-ERP). The goals of the task were to (1) determine the extent to which near-shore surface sediments are contaminated by releases from the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) and (2) provide data for the Watts Bar Reservoir Interagency Permitting Group (WBRIPG) to evaluate the human health risks from exposure to sediments during and following dredging operations. The data collected for this task are also to be used in the Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RLTS) for the CR-ERP operable units (Lower Watts Bar and Clinch River) to characterize the human health risk associated with exposure to near-shore sediments throughout the Watts Bar Reservoir.

  14. High lumen compact fluorescents boost light output in new fixtures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1992-12-31

    Some compact fluorescent lamps aren`t so compact. General Electric (GE), OSRAM, and Philips have been expanding offerings in longer, more powerful, hard wired CFLs that generate enough light to serve applications once limited to conventional fluorescents and metal halide systems. All three of these manufacturers have for some time offered 18- to 40-watt high-output CFLs, which use a fluorescent tube doubled back on itself to produce a lot of light in a compact source. Now GE has introduced an even larger, more powerful 50-watt unit, and OSRAM is soon to follow suit with a 55-watt lamp. These new entries to the field of turbocharged CFLs can provide general lighting at ceiling heights of 12 feet or more as well as indirect lighting, floodlighting, and wall washing. They are such a concentrated source of light that they can provide the desired illumination using fewer lamps and fixtures than would be needed with competing sources.

  15. Optical double-slit particle measuring system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tichenor, D.A.; Wang, J.C.F.; Hencken, K.R.

    1982-03-25

    A method for in situ measurement of particle size is described. The size information is obtained by scanning an image of the particle across a double-slit mask and observing the transmitted light. This method is useful when the particle size of primary interest is 3..mu..m and larger. The technique is well suited to applications in which the particles are non-spherical and have unknown refractive index. It is particularly well suited to high temperature environments in which the particle incandescence provides the light source.

  16. Optical double-slit particle measuring system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hencken, Kenneth R. (Pleasanton, CA); Tichenor, Daniel A. (Freemont, CA); Wang, James C. F. (Livermore, CA)

    1984-01-01

    A method for in situ measurement of particle size is described. The size information is obtained by scanning an image of the particle across a double-slit mask and observing the transmitted light. This method is useful when the particle size of primary interest is 3 .mu.m and larger. The technique is well suited to applications in which the particles are non-spherical and have unknown refractive index. It is particularly well suited to high temperature environments in which the particle incandescence provides the light source.

  17. Effects of bile salts and other carboxylates on the reactions of N-tert-butyl-2,4,6-trinitrobenzamide in dimethyl sulfoxide-water solutions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koranek, David James

    1977-01-01

    incandescent bulb at a distance of 20 cm), [5] = 4x10 M: Curve 1 ( . ), initial spectrum; Curve Z ( ? ), after 2 hours; Curve 3 (---), after 10 days; Curve 4 (+-+), after 24 days. . . 92 2Z Absorption spectra of the complex in DMSO at 25. 0'C... of the absorbance at 535 nm vs. nitrite ion concentration using 1. 0 cm cells at 25. 0'C. 4 Absorption spectra of the complex generated in situ from Page 15 24 27 5 at 25. 0'C: 10 M NaOH; 10 M NaOH; -2 Curve 1 (---), in 99K/1% DMSO/H20 (v/v), Curve 2...

  18. ASRC RSS Data

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Kiedron, Peter

    2008-01-15

    Once every minute between sunrise and sunset the Rotating Shadowband Spectroradiometer (RSS) measures simultaneously three irradiances: total horizontal, diffuse horizontal and direct normal in near ultraviolet, visible and near infrared range (approx. 370nm-1050nm) at 512 (RSS103) or 1024 (RSS102 and RSS105) adjacent spectral resolving elements (pixels). The resolution is pixel (wavelength) dependent and it differs from instrument to instrument. The reported irradiances are cosine response corrected. And their radiometric calibration is based on incandescent lamp calibrators that can be traced to the NIST irradiance scale. The units are W/m2/nm.

  19. White light velocity interferometer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Erskine, D.J.

    1999-06-08

    The invention is a technique that allows the use of broadband and incoherent illumination. Although denoted white light velocimetry, this principle can be applied to any wave phenomenon. For the first time, powerful, compact or inexpensive sources can be used for remote target velocimetry. These include flash and arc lamps, light from detonations, pulsed lasers, chirped frequency lasers, and lasers operating simultaneously in several wavelengths. The technique is demonstrated with white light from an incandescent source to measure a target moving at 16 m/s. 41 figs.

  20. Enhancement of the resolution of full-field optical coherence tomography by using a colour image sensor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kalyanov, A L; Lychagov, V V; Smirnov, I V; Ryabukho, V P [N.G. Chernyshevsky Saratov State University, Saratov (Russian Federation)

    2013-08-31

    The influence of white balance in a colour image detector on the resolution of a full-field optical coherence tomograph (FFOCT) is studied. The change in the interference pulse width depending on the white balance tuning is estimated in the cases of a thermal radiation source (incandescent lamp) and a white light emitting diode. It is shown that by tuning white balance of the detector in a certain range, the FFOCT resolution can be increased by 20 % as compared to the resolution, attained with the use of a monochrome detector. (optical coherence tomography)

  1. Secondary Electron Emission from Dust and Its Effect on Charging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saikia, B. K.; Kakati, B.; Kausik, S. S. [Centre of Plasma Physics, Institute for Plasma Research, Nazirakhat, Sonapur-782402, Assam (India); Bandyopadhyay, M. [ITER-India, Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar-382 428 (India)

    2011-11-29

    Hydrogen plasma is produced in a plasma chamber by striking discharge between incandescent tungsten filaments and the permanent magnetic cage [1], which is grounded. The magnetic cage has a full line cusped magnetic field geometry used to confine the plasma elements. A cylindrical Langmuir probe is used to study the plasma parameters in various discharge conditions. The charge accumulated on the dust particles is calculated using the capacitance model and the dust current is measured by the combination of a Faraday cup and an electrometer at different discharge conditions. It is found Secondary electron emission from dust having low emission yield effects the charging of dust particles in presence of high energetic electrons.

  2. The development of a laser safety program for a large academic research institution using Texas A&M University as a model 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Douglas Allen

    1995-01-01

    gas laser falls into the highest laser hazard category, class 4. Momentary viewing will cause eye injury. The incandescent bulb is rated by its power consumption, not its output. It emits approximately 10/o of its rated power as light and it does so... the escape of light above the class 1 limits. Common commercial devices (normally FDA approved) that incorporate class 3 lasers are: compact disk (CD) players, CD computer dnves, and laser printers They often contain diode lasers that qualify as class 3...

  3. ASRC RSS Data

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Kiedron, Peter

    Once every minute between sunrise and sunset the Rotating Shadowband Spectroradiometer (RSS) measures simultaneously three irradiances: total horizontal, diffuse horizontal and direct normal in near ultraviolet, visible and near infrared range (approx. 370nm-1050nm) at 512 (RSS103) or 1024 (RSS102 and RSS105) adjacent spectral resolving elements (pixels). The resolution is pixel (wavelength) dependent and it differs from instrument to instrument. The reported irradiances are cosine response corrected. And their radiometric calibration is based on incandescent lamp calibrators that can be traced to the NIST irradiance scale. The units are W/m2/nm.

  4. Aerogel-supported filament

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wuest, C.R.; Tillotson, T.M.; Johnson, C.V. III

    1995-05-16

    The present invention is a thin filament embedded in a low density aerogel for use in radiation detection instruments and incandescent lamps. The aerogel provides a supportive matrix that is thermally and electrically nonconductive, mechanically strong, highly porous, gas-permeable, and transparent to ionizing radiation over short distances. A low density, open-cell aerogel is cast around a fine filament or wire, which allows the wire to be positioned with little or no tension and keeps the wire in place in the event of breakage. The aerogel support reduces the stresses on the wire caused by vibrational, gravitational, electrical, and mechanical forces. 6 Figs.

  5. Aerogel-supported filament

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wuest, Craig R. (Danville, CA); Tillotson, Thomas M. (Tracy, CA); Johnson, III, Coleman V. (Dallas, TX)

    1995-01-01

    The present invention is a thin filament embedded in a low density aerogel for use in radiation detection instruments and incandescent lamps. The aerogel provides a supportive matrix that is thermally and electrically nonconductive, mechanically strong, highly porous, gas-permeable, and transparent to ionizing radiation over short distances. A low density, open-cell aerogel is cast around a fine filament or wire, which allows the wire to be positioned with little or no tension and keeps the wire in place in the event of breakage. The aerogel support reduces the stresses on the wire caused by vibrational, gravitational, electrical, and mechanical forces.

  6. Demonstration of LED Retrofit Lamps at the Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, DC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, Naomi J.; Rosenfeld, Scott M.

    2012-06-22

    This report documents observations and results obtained from a lighting demonstration project conducted under the U.S. Department of Energy GATEWAY Solid-State Lighting (SSL) Technology Demonstration Program at the Smithsonain American Art Museum in Washington, DC. LED Lamp samples were tested in the museum workshop, temporarily installed in a gallery for feedback, and ultimately replaced all traditional incandescent lamps in one gallery of modernist art at the American Art Museum and partially replacing lamps in two galleries at the Musesum's Renwick Gallery. This report describes the selection and testing process, technology challenges, perceptions, economics, energy use, and mixed results of usign LED replacement lamps in art galleries housing national treasures.

  7. Dimming LEDs with Phase-Cut Dimmers. The Specifier's Process for Maximizing Success

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, N. J.; Poplawski, M. E.

    2013-10-01

    DOE GATEWAY program report reviewing how phase-cut dimmers work, how LEDs differ from the incandescent lamps these dimmers were originally designed to control, and how those differences can lead to complications when attempting to dim LEDs. Providing both general guidance and step-by-step procedures for designing phase-controlled LED dimming on both new and existing projects—as well as real-world examples of how to use those procedures—the report aims to reduce the chance of experiencing compatibility-related problems and, if possible, ensure good dimming performance.

  8. World Record White OLED Performance Exceeds 100 lm/W

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Universal Display Corporation (UDC) has successfully demonstrated a record-breaking white organic light-emitting diode (WOLED) with a power efficacy of 102 lm/W at 1000 cd/m2 using its proprietary, high-efficiency phosphorescent OLED technology. This achievement represents a significant milestone for OLED technology, demonstrating performance that surpasses the power efficacy of incandescent bulbs with less than 15 lm/W and fluorescent lamps at 60-90 lm/W. Funded in part by DOE, UDC's achievement is a major step toward DOE's roadmap goal of a 150 lm/W commercial OLED light source by 2015.

  9. Methodology for Calculating Cooling and Heating Energy-Imput-Ratio (EIR) From the Rated Seasonal Performance Efficiency (SEER or HSPF) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, H.; Baltazar, J. C.; Haberl, J. S.

    2013-01-01

    studies. In this analysis, only the units of which SEER are higher than or equal to SEER 13 were considered. For the FSEC model, the AHRI default fan power (0.365 Watt per CFM) was added with an assumed airflow of 400 CFM/ton, since the FSEC model.... In this analysis, only the units of which HSPF are higher than or equal to HSPF 7.7 were considered. For the FSEC model, the AHRI default fan power (0.365 Watt per CFM) was added with an assumed airflow of 400 CFM/ton, since the FSEC model directly converts...

  10. Investigation of grid embedment techniques as applied to subcritical flow 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watts, Michael E.

    1980-01-01

    INVESTIGATION OF GRID EMBEDMENT TECHNIOUES AS APPI IED TO SUBCRITICAL FLOW A Thesis by MICHAEL E. WATTS Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A@1 University in partial fulfi11ment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... December, 1980 Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering INVESTIGATION OF GRID EMBEDMENT TECHNIQUES AS APPLIED TO SUBCRITICAL FLOW A Thesis by MICHAEL E, WATTS Approved as to style and content by: a)rm n o Committee 3 J4W Member p' c. ember Member...

  11. Bonded Bracket Assmebly for Frameless Solar Panels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murray, Todd

    2013-01-30

    In February 2011 the US Department of Energy announced their new Sunshot Initiative. The Sunshot goal is to reduce the total cost of solar energy systems by about 75 percent before the end of the decade. The DOE estimated that a total installed cost of $1 per watt for photovoltaic systems would be equivalent to 6���¢/kilowatt hour (kWh) for energy available from the grid. The DOE also estimated that to meet the $1 per watt goal, PV module costs would need to be reduced to $.50 per watt, balance of systems costs would need to be reduced to $.40 per watt, and power electronic costs would need to reach $.10 per watt. To address the BOS balance of systems cost component of the $1 per watt goal, the DOE announced a funding opportunity called (BOS-X) Extreme Balance of System Hardware Cost Reductions. The DOE identified eight areas within the total BOS costs: 1) installation labor, 2) installation materials, 3) installation overhead and profit, 4) tracker, 5) permitting and commissioning, 6) site preparation, 7) land acquisition, 8) sales tax. The BOS-X funding announcement requested applications in four specific topics: Topic 1: Transformational Building Integrated Photovoltaic (BIPV) Modules Topic 2: Roof and Ground Mount Innovations Topic 3: Transformational Photovoltaic System Designs Topic 4: Development of New Wind Load Codes for PV Systems The application submitted by ARaymond Tinnerman reflected the requirements listed in Topic #2, Roof and Ground Mount Innovations. The goal of topic #2 was to develop technologies that would result in the extreme reduction of material and labor costs associated with applications that require physical connections and attachments to roof and ground mount structures. The topics researched in this project included component cost reduction, labor reduction, weight reduction, wiring innovations, and alternative material utilization. The project objectives included: 1) The development of an innovative quick snap bracket assembly that would be bonded to frameless PV modules for commercial rooftop installations. 2) The development of a composite pultruded rail to replace traditional racking materials. 3) In partnership with a roofing company, pilot the certification of a commercial roof to be solar panel compliant, eliminating the need for structural analysis and government oversight resulting in significantly decreased permitting costs. 4) Reduce the sum of all cost impacts in topic #2 from a baseline total of $2.05/watt to $.34/watt.

  12. New Light Sources for Tomorrow's Lighting Designs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krailo, D. A.

    1986-01-01

    and lighting systems. Table 2 shows the development of four-foot energy-saving retrofit lamps. By utilizing new cathode designed and different gas fills, 34-watt energy-saving lamps were developed that operate on existing rapid start ballasts and afford... of fluorescent lamps, two watts of system power are consumed in heating the lamp cath odes. The shedding of cathode heating wattage was the next lamp efficiency improvement to be introduced. One available sy tern dis connects the lamp cathodes from...

  13. Fluorescent and cathodoluminescent phophors structurally related to sodalite

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Phillips, Mark L. F. (Tijeras, NM); Shea, Lauren E. (San Diego, CA)

    1998-01-01

    Blue, quantum-confined phosphors for field-emission displays made by reducing metal (M) sulfoaluminates at high temperature. This yields phases of the type M.sub.4 (AlO.sub.2).sub.6 S. Bulk sulfide contaminant mixed with the reduced sulfoaluminate phase is removed by treating it with a chelating agent in nonaqueous solution. A photometric cathodoluminescence efficiency of 9 lumen/watt at 1000 V for Sr.sub.3 PbS(AlO.sub.2).sub.6 is observed. Undoped Sr.sub.4 S(AlO).sub.6 displays 5 lumen/watt at 1000 V, with excellent blue chromatic saturation.

  14. You won`t find these leaks with a blower door: The latest in {open_quotes}leaking electricity{close_quotes} in homes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rainer, L.; Greenberg, S.; Meier, A.

    1996-08-01

    Leaking electricity is the energy consumed by appliances when they are switched off or not performing their principal functions. Field measurements in Florida, California, and Japan show that leaking electricity represents 50 to 100 Watts in typical homes, corresponding to about 5 GW of total electricity demand in the United States. There are three strategies to reduce leaking electricity: eliminate leakage entirely, eliminate constant leakage and replace with intermittent charge plus storage, and improve efficiency of conversion. These options are constrained by the low value of energy savings-less than $5 per saved Watt. Some technical and lifestyle solutions are proposed. 13 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

  15. Failure Mechanisms and Color Stability in Light-Emitting Diodes during Operation in High- Temperature Environments in Presence of Contamination

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lall, Pradeep; Zhang, Hao; Davis, J Lynn

    2015-05-26

    The energy efficiency of light-emitting diode (LED) technology compared to incandescent light bulbs has triggered an increased focus on solid state luminaries for a variety of lighting applications. Solid-state lighting (SSL) utilizes LEDs, for illumination through the process of electroluminescence instead of heating a wire filament as seen with traditional lighting. The fundamental differences in the construction of LED and the incandescent lamp results in different failure modes including lumen degradation, chromaticity shift and drift in the correlated color temperature. The use of LED-based products for safety-critical and harsh environment applications necessitates the characterization of the failure mechanisms and modes. In this paper, failure mechanisms and color stability has been studied for commercially available vertical structured thin film LED (VLED) under harsh environment conditions with and without the presence of contaminants. The VLED used for the study was mounted on a ceramic starboard in order to connect it to the current source. Contamination sources studied include operation in the vicinity of vulcanized rubber and adhesive epoxies in the presence of temperature and humidity. Performance of the VLEDs has been quantified using the measured luminous flux and color shift of the VLEDs subjected to both thermal and humidity stresses under a forward current bias of 350 mA. Results indicate that contamination can result in pre-mature luminous flux degradation and color shift in LEDs.

  16. Architectural Engineering BEng (Hons) Key details

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    engineering). Why study Architectural Engineering at Heriot-Watt University in Dubai? l The first and only worlds (engineering and architecture) l The programme gives you both engineering skills;Contact Dubai Campus l Phone: +971 4435 8700 l Email: dubaienquiries@hw.ac.uk l Facebook: http

  17. Regional Lead Agents and County Coordinators 2011 RESPONSIBILITY NAME COUNTY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolding, M. Chad

    #12;Regional Lead Agents and County Coordinators 2011 RESPONSIBILITY NAME COUNTY REGION 1 Regional Lead Millie Davenport HGIC County Coordinator Matt Burns Pickens County Coordinator Marty Watt Anderson County Coordinator Morris Warner Oconee REGION 2 Regional Lead Danny Howard Greenville County Coordinator

  18. November 21, 2000 PV Lesson Plan 2 Sample Questions & Answers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oregon, University of

    . 3. You would combine the solar cells in parallel to build up the amperage you desire. 4. 1000 Watts Solar Roofs Coalition By Frank Vignola ­ University of Oregon Solar Radiation Monitoring Lab John Hocken your understanding: 1. The typical voltage of a silicon solar cell is about 0.5 volts; where does

  19. HKUST Environmental Report HONG KONG UNIVERSITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The new system results in 1,000 Giga-Watt-Hours of electrical energy savings per annum, which translates involves lighting retrofit and other energy saving initiatives all over the campus, and certain special energy saving measures in the laboratory areas. The anticipated energy reduction at completion

  20. Sources of Hens Though it's sometimes possible to buy five-month old pullets (young hens) that are ready to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    the old pure breeds such as Rhode Island Reds, Barred Rocks or New Hampshires. Expected Results Ten hens, or a small building by itself. In either case, have electricity avail- able. The chicken pen needs with a 25-watt electric light bulb to keep your hens laying through the shorter days of the year. Feeding

  1. Enhancing Electrical Supply by Pumped Storage in Tidal Lagoons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacKay, David J.C.

    months of 2006. Thanks to Heriot­Watt University Physics Department. Storage and wind Offshore wind farms that Britain had `30 GW' of wind farms ­ fifteen times as much as today. I put quotes round `30 GW' to emphasize that the nominal capacity of wind farms is much bigger than the av- erage power delivered

  2. Winter Thermal Ecology of the Iguanid Lizard Tropidurus peruvianus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huey, Raymond B.

    in summer on the Galapagos Islands. Eurythermy of T. albemarlensis may relate to the higher cost comparisons with similar data on Tropidurus albemarlensis from Santa Cruz, Galapagos Islands, during the late-watt light-heat source at one end above the sand-bottomed runway. Two or three newly captured lizards

  3. Model generation of viral channel forming 2B protein bundles from polio and coxsackie viruses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watts, Anthony

    GEORGE PATARGIAS1 , THOMAS BARKE1 , ANTHONY WATTS1 , & WOLFGANG B. FISCHER1,2 1 Biomembrane Structure and assesses stability by molecular dynamics (MD) simulations a putative tetrameric bundle model of 2B is generated. The bundles show a pore lining motif of three lysines followed by a serine. The bundle

  4. To find out more about how we can work together, please contact

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenaway, Alan

    sensitive environment. The School is a centre of excellence for Strategic Project Management encompassing both `project management' as a process to deliver end products, and `strategic management' as a method School of Management and Languages Heriot Watt University, EH 14 4AS T: 0131 451 4342 E: S

  5. Quelques travaux de recherche en efficacit nergtique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Tiggelen, Bart

    ... IT -> electricity -> CO2 -> impact So we should change our way to use energy with IT - Chasing watts / chasing overprovisioning / unuseful services... Some messages from our planet #12; Energy consumption is growing : Top500 referenced) Only usage ! not the full life cycle which is bad : planned obsolescence, rebound effect, design

  6. LGS AO photon return simulations and laser requirements for the Gemini LGS AO program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    additional Watt of laser power increases the laser purchase and operational costs, it is highly desirable like Gemini North and Gemini South require minimum laser output power in the 10 W range. Since each to understand how laser parameters can be optimized in order to decrease the total laser power requirement

  7. Exploration of tektite formation processes through water and metal content measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Cin-Ty Aeolus

    Exploration of tektite formation processes through water and metal content measurements Nigel WATT1 continental crust, although water contents are still extremely high for rocks melted at atmospheric pressure H2O and Zn or Pb contents. Combined with water contents of other tektites in the Australasian strewn

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    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Florida Hydrogen Initiative - Florida State University (Development of a Low-Cost and High-Efficiency 500 Watts Portable Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell)CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6Date: 09/15/2010Location(s): Tallahassee, FloridaOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Stephen E.

    CHILLING CONSIDERATIONS ABOUT GLOBAL WARMING: GREENHOUSE GASES, AEROSOLS, RADIATIVE FORCING dioxide increase: sources, mixing ratio, forcing Global temperature change Climate sensitivity and time;#12;ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION Energy per area per time Power per area Unit: Watt per square meter W m-2 #12;GLOBAL

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ravikumar, B.

    Computer Science Page 91Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog COMPUTER SCIENCE DEPARTMENT Suzanne Rivoire Lynn Stauffer Tia Watts Programs Offered Bachelor of Science in Computer Science Minor in Computer Science Computer science is the scientific study of computing devices, the software that drives

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    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    than 50 pounds, and uses about 50 watts of power. The X-Beam uses polycapillary x-ray optics to collect x-rays over a large solid angle from a low-power x-ray source and to form...

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sprott, Julien Clinton

    ICRF IN THE WISCONSIN TOKAMAK AND TOKAPOLE II (Presented at the 20th Annual Meeting, Division in the Wisconsin Tokamak and Tokapole I 1.* A.P. BIDDLE and J.C. SPROTT. U. of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin. Studies of wave coupi iI1g at powers !::!. :t50 watts in the Wisconsin Tokamak using insulated, unshielded

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenwald, Martin

    better analogy for fusion energy: Heating a building E Total stored energy Joules Heating rate WattsTurbulence and Transport The Secrets of Magnetic Confinement Martin Greenwald - MIT Plasma Science: (sec) ( ) ( / sec) Volume of water gallons Source rate gallons #12;ENERGY CONFINEMENT A slightly

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    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4.00E+06 5.00E+06 6.00E+06 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Time (Seconds) Power (Watts) PV Battery Generators Total Power Power Needed 0.375 kW 1.2 MW 5.5 MW 4.3 MW Energy Storage for...

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellingson, Steven W.

    CRICKET Campaign: Setup and Execution LWA Memo Report K. F. Dymond1 , C. Watts2 , C. Coker1 , N-dimensional picture of the ionosphere over the Southwestern United States and to tie this into the global picture United States. The experiment was to be performed during three ~1.5-hour-long observing windows or Epochs

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danon, Yaron

    -on experiential learning to augment the classroom teaching of nuclear theory. Experimental facilities-purpose laboratory nuclear physics and fluid dynamics laboratory, a 100-watt Reactor Critical Facility (RCF , Donald Gillich2 1 Department of Mechanical, Aerospace, ad Nuclear Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic

  18. Edinburgh Research Explorer The Impact of Working Together.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Millar, Andrew J.

    , I, Carter, K & Elliot, C 2013, 'The Impact of Working Together.: An Analysis of Interdisciplinary for Education in the Built Environment Publisher Rights Statement: © Scott, I., Carter, K., & Elliot, C. (2013 Elliot Heriot Watt University, UK #12;The Impact of Working Together 2 Journal for Education in the Built

  19. 851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The overall lighting power density (LPD) for manufactured homes across the region is about 1.27 Watts Washington Phil Rockefeller Washington April 2, 2013 MEMORANDUM TO: Power Committee Members FROM: Tom Eckman information, occupant attitudes and participation in efficiency programs, a detailed lighting inventory

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Method- Lighting Power Density Values (Watts/ ft2) 11/20/2014 COMPLIANCE OVERVIEW #12;SECTION 2 requirements · Maximum lighting power allowance for a building or an area · Some methods allow for trade/20/2014 COMPLIANCE OVERVIEW #12;SECTION 2 THE PRESCRIPTIVE APPROACH Indoor Lighting The prescriptive lighting power