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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pool storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Behavior of Spent Nuclear Fuel in Water Pool Storage  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Behavior of Spent Nuclear Behavior of Spent Nuclear Fuel in Water Pool Storage A. 0; Johnson, jr. , I ..: . Prepared Cor the Energy Research and Development Administration under Contract EY-76-C-06-1830 ---- Pat t i ~ < N ~ ~ r ~ t b w t ~ - ! I , ~ I ~ ~ ~ I . I I ~ ) ~ I I ~ ~ N O T I C E T€& - was prepad pnpn4. m w n t of w k spon-d by the Unitd S t . & ) C a u n m ~ (*WU ij*. M t e d $tam w the Wqy R e s e w & a d Ohrsropmcnt ~dmhirmlion, nor m y d thair ewhew,,nq Pny @fw a n t r ~ ~ t 0 ~ 1 , s ~ k m r i t r i l t t q r , ~ , m r tWf ernpfQw, r(tLltm any wartany, s x p r e s or kWld,= w w aAql -9 . o r r w p a m l ~ ~ t y for e~ o r uodruincvr of any infomutim, 9 F p d + d - , or repratants that -would nat 1 d - e privately owned rfghas. ,i PAQFIC NORTHWEST UBORATORY operated b ;"' SArnLLE ' fw the E M R m RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRAT1QN Wk.Cwfraa rv-76c-ts-is38

2

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Pentair Water Pool and Spa, Inc.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Pentair Water Pool and Spa, Inc. a provider of equipment, accessories and water technology solutions to the swimming pool, aquaculture and environmental water monitoring industries, is fully...

3

POOL WATER TREATMENT AND COOLING SYSTEM DESCRIPTION DOCUMENT  

SciTech Connect

The Pool Water Treatment and Cooling System is located in the Waste Handling Building (WHB), and is comprised of various process subsystems designed to support waste handling operations. This system maintains the pool water temperature within an acceptable range, maintains water quality standards that support remote underwater operations and prevent corrosion, detects leakage from the pool liner, provides the capability to remove debris from the pool, controls the pool water level, and helps limit radiological exposure to personnel. The pool structure and liner, pool lighting, and the fuel staging racks in the pool are not within the scope of the Pool Water Treatment and Cooling System. Pool water temperature control is accomplished by circulating the pool water through heat exchangers. Adequate circulation and mixing of the pool water is provided to prevent localized thermal hotspots in the pool. Treatment of the pool water is accomplished by a water treatment system that circulates the pool water through filters, and ion exchange units. These water treatment units remove radioactive and non-radioactive particulate and dissolved solids from the water, thereby providing the water clarity needed to conduct waste handling operations. The system also controls pool water chemistry to prevent advanced corrosion of the pool liner, pool components, and fuel assemblies. Removal of radioactivity from the pool water contributes to the project ALARA (as low as is reasonably achievable) goals. A leak detection system is provided to detect and alarm leaks through the pool liner. The pool level control system monitors the water level to ensure that the minimum water level required for adequate radiological shielding is maintained. Through interface with a demineralized water system, adequate makeup is provided to compensate for loss of water inventory through evaporation and waste handling operations. Interface with the Site Radiological Monitoring System provides continuous radiological monitoring of the pool water. The Pool Water Treatment and Cooling System interfaces with the Waste Handling Building System, Site-Generated Radiological Waste Handling System, Site Radiological Monitoring System, Waste Handling Building Electrical System, Site Water System, and the Monitored Geologic Repository Operations Monitoring and Control System.

V. King

2000-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

4

Water inventory management in condenser pool of boiling water reactor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved system for managing the water inventory in the condenser pool of a boiling water reactor has means for raising the level of the upper surface of the condenser pool water without adding water to the isolation pool. A tank filled with water is installed in a chamber of the condenser pool. The water-filled tank contains one or more holes or openings at its lowermost periphery and is connected via piping and a passive-type valve (e.g., squib valve) to a high-pressure gas-charged pneumatic tank of appropriate volume. The valve is normally closed, but can be opened at an appropriate time following a loss-of-coolant accident. When the valve opens, high-pressure gas inside the pneumatic tank is released to flow passively through the piping to pressurize the interior of the water-filled tank. In so doing, the initial water contents of the tank are expelled through the openings, causing the water level in the condenser pool to rise. This increases the volume of water available to be boiled off by heat conducted from the passive containment cooling heat exchangers. 4 figs.

Gluntz, Douglas M. (San Jose, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Strontium and cesium radionuclide leak detection alternatives in a capsule storage pool  

SciTech Connect

A study was performed to assess radionuclide leak-detection systems for use in locating a capsule leaking strontium-90 or cesium-137 into a water-filled pool. Each storage pool contains about 35,000 L of water and up to 715 capsules, each of which contains up to 150 kCi strontium-90 or 80 kCi cesium-137. Potential systems assessed included instrumental chemical analyses, radionuclide detection, visual examination, and other nondestructive nuclear-fuel examination techniques. Factors considered in the assessment include: cost, simplicity of maintenance and operation, technology availability, reliability, remote operation, sensitivity, and ability to locate an individual leaking capsule in its storage location. The study concluded that an adaption of the spent nuclear-fuel examination technique of wet sipping be considered for adaption. In the suggested approoch, samples would be taken continuously from pool water adjacent to the capsule(s) being examined for remote radiation detection. In-place capsule isolation and subsequent water sampling would confirm that a capsule was leaking radionuclides. Additional studies are needed before implementing this option. Two other techniques that show promise are ultrasonic testing and eddy-current testing.

Larson, D.E.; Crawford, T.W.; Joyce, S.M.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Examination of Zircaloy-clad spent fuel after extended pool storage  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results from metallurgical examinations of Zircaloy-clad fuel rods from two bundles (0551 and 0074) of Shippingport PWR Core 1 blanket fuel after extended water storage. Both bundles were exposed to water in the reactor from late 1957 until discharge. The estimated average burnups were 346 GJ/kgU (4000 MWd/MTU) for bundle 0551 and 1550 GJ/kgU (18,000 MWd/MTU) for bundle 0074. Fuel rods from bundle 0551 were stored in deionized water for nearly 21 yr prior to examination in 1980, representing the world's oldest pool-stored Zircaloy-clad fuel. Bundle 0074 has been stored in deionized water since reactor discharge in 1964. Data from the current metallurgical examinations enable a direct assessment of extended pool storage effects because the metallurgical condition of similar fuel rods was investigated and documented soon after reactor discharge. Data from current and past examinations were compared, and no significant degradation of the Zircaloy cladding was indicated after almost 21 yr in water storage. The cladding dimensions and mechanical properties, fission gas release, hydrogen contents of the cladding, and external oxide film thicknesses that were measured during the current examinations were all within the range of measurements made on fuel bundles soon after reactor discharge. The appearance of the external surfaces and the microstructures of the fuel and cladding were also similar to those reported previously. In addition, no evidence of accelerated corrosion or hydride redistribution in the cladding was observed.

Bradley, E.R.; Bailey, W.J.; Johnson, A.B. Jr.; Lowry, L.M.

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Microbiological water quality and sampling policy of public swimming pools  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Water samples collected from 100 public swimming pools in the West Bank of the Palestine by health inspectors. The samples were tested for microbiological quality for the years 2003, 2004 and 2005. The overall of unaccepted tested swimming pool water samples were as follows: 35.8% for total Coliforms (TC), 24.4% for faecal Coliforms (FC), 36% for Heterotrophic Plate Count (HPC), 39.3% Enterococci (Ente), and 28% for P. aeruginosa (Pa), 24.3% for Staphylococcus aureus (Sa), and 6.7% for Salmonella (Sal). Therefore, it is necessary to allocate more attention to swimming pool monitoring and evaluation studies to prevent pollution of the swimming water.

Issam A. Al-Khatib; Reem S. Ghannam

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Storage Gas Water Heaters | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Storage Gas Water Heaters Storage Gas Water Heaters The Department of Energy (DOE) develops standardized data templates for reporting the results of tests conducted in accordance...

9

Electric Storage Water Heaters  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

energy can be wasted even when a hot water tap isn't running. This is called standby heat loss. The American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy provides a helpful...

10

Storage Water Heaters | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Storage Water Heaters Storage Water Heaters Storage Water Heaters June 15, 2012 - 6:00pm Addthis Consider energy efficiency when selecting a conventional storage water heater to avoid paying more over its lifetime. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/JulNichols. Consider energy efficiency when selecting a conventional storage water heater to avoid paying more over its lifetime. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/JulNichols. Conventional storage water heaters remain the most popular type of water heating system for the home. Here you'll find basic information about how storage water heaters work; what criteria to use when selecting the right model; and some installation, maintenance, and safety tips. How They Work A single-family storage water heater offers a ready reservoir -- from 20 to

11

Survival of Shigella flexneri in Swimming Pool Water Monique Gomez1 and Helen J. Wing2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Survival of Shigella flexneri in Swimming Pool Water Monique Gomez1 and Helen J. Wing2 1Western New chlorinated wading pools. These outbreaks are most commonly seen among small children who play in these pools in pool water that is properly chlorinated. In addition, the virulence plasmid carried by S. flexneri

Walker, Lawrence R.

12

salt-water pumped-storage hydroelectric plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

salt-water pumped-storage hydroelectric plant, saltwater pumped-storage hydroelectric station, seawater pumped-storage hydroelectric plant, seawater pumped-storage hydroelectric station ? Salzwasser-...

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Covered Product Category: Residential Gas Storage Water Heaters...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Storage Water Heaters Covered Product Category: Residential Gas Storage Water Heaters The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance for gas storage...

14

Haloacetic acids in swimming pool and spa water in the United States and China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objective of this study is to investigate the occurrence of haloacetic acids (HAAs), a group of disinfection byproducts, in swimming pool and spa water. The samples were collected from six indoor pools, six o...

Xiaomao Wang; Garcia Leal M I; Xiaolu Zhang

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Volatile Halogenated Hydrocarbons in River Water, Ground Water, Drinking Water and Swimming-Pool Water in the Federal Republic of Germany  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With increasing shortage of ground water it becomes more and more necessary to use surface water as a resource for drinking water and swimming-pool water preparation. In the judgement of water...

M. Sonneborn; S. Gerdes; R. Schwabe

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Management and Storage of Surface Waters (Florida)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Environmental Protection regulates the use and storage of surface waters in the state. A permit from either the Department or the local Water Management District is required for...

17

14 - Estimating Water, Energy, andCarbon Footprints ofResidential Swimming Pools  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter demonstrates the development and application of a model as a tool to assess and compare the environmental impacts of residential swimming pools. To demonstrate the applicability and dependability of this model as an assessment, planning, and management tool, realistic scenarios were employed to estimate and compare water, energy, and carbon footprints of residential swimming pools located in Maricopa County (Phoenix metropolitan area, Arizona) and colder climates. The estimated water footprints of the modeled residential swimming pools range from 45m3/year to 185m3/year/pool, while the estimated energy footprints range between 2400 and 2800kWh/year/pool. The carbon footprint of the modeled pools was estimated to be 140050kgCO2e/year/pool. In the absence of direct measurements, development and utilization of simple models to assess and predict water consumption proves to be an invaluable instrument that should be part of a versatile water management toolkit.

Tyler Gallion; Tyler Harrison; Robert Hulverson; Kiril Hristovski

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Probabilistic risk analysis for Test Area North Hot Shop Storage Pool Facility  

SciTech Connect

A storage pool facility used for storing spent fuel and radioactive debris from the Three Mile Island (TMI) accident was evaluated to determine the risk associated with its normal operations. Several hazards were identified and examined to determine if any any credible accident scenarios existed. Expected annual occurrence frequencies were calculated for hazards for which accident scenarios were identified through use of fault trees modeling techniques. Fault tree models were developed for two hazards: (1) increased radiation field and (2) spread of contamination. The models incorporated facets of the operations within the facility as well as the facility itself. 6 refs.

Meale, B.M.; Satterwhite, D.G.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Variability of chlorination by-product occurrence in water of indoor and outdoor swimming pools  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Swimming is one of the most popular aquatic activities. Just like natural water, public pool water may contain microbiological and chemical contaminants. The purpose of this study was to study the presence of chemical contaminants in swimming pools, in particular the presence of disinfection by-products (DBPs) such as trihalomethanes (THMs), haloacetic acids (HAAs) and inorganic chloramines (CAMi). Fifty-four outdoor and indoor swimming pools were investigated over a period of one year (monthly or bi-weekly sampling, according to the type of pool) for the occurrence of DBPs. The results showed that DBP levels in swimming pools were greater than DBP levels found in drinking water, especially for HAAs. Measured concentrations of \\{THMs\\} (97.9 vs 63.7?g/L in average) and \\{HAAs\\} (807.6 vs 412.9?g/L in average) were higher in outdoor pools, whereas measured concentrations of \\{CAMi\\} (0.1 vs 0.8mg/L in average) were higher in indoor pools. Moreover, outdoor pools with heated water contained more \\{DBPs\\} than unheated pools. Finally, there was significant variability in tTHM, HAA9 and \\{CAMi\\} levels in pools supplied by the same municipal drinking water network, suggesting that individual pool characteristics (number of swimmers) and management strategies play a major role in DBP formation.

Sabrina Simard; Robert Tardif; Manuel J. Rodriguez

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

The Integration Of Shallow Solar-Pond and Swimming Pool  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A way of integration of shallow solar-pond into swimming pool is proposed for collecting, storage and utilizing ... solar-pond part can heat the water of swimming pool, share the heat loads of ventilation and...

Haijun Qiao; Diankui Gao

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pool storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Rapid Assay for In Situ Identification of Coagulase-Positive Staphylococci Recovered by Membrane Filtration from Swimming Pool Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...contaminant of swimming pools and other recreational waters with a high...lack of a recovery system which...Examination of Water and Waste- water has...aureus in swimming pool water, these...filtration recovery of staphylococci in swimming pool water. Appl...enterotoxin, and heat-stable...

N. Arlene Klapes; Donald Vesley

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Demand Based Hierarchical QoS Using Storage Resource Pools Ajay Gulati, Ganesha Shanmuganathan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Resource Pools (SRP). SRP supports the logical grouping of related VMs into hierarchical pools. SRP allows resource pools in the VMware ESX hyper- visor. Our results demonstrate that SRP provides hierar- chical

Mellor-Crummey, John

23

Pool boiling heat transfer enhancement over cylindrical tubes with water at atmospheric pressure, Part I: Experimental results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pool boiling heat transfer enhancement over cylindrical tubes with water at atmospheric pressure online 4 May 2013 Keywords: Pool boiling Heat transfer enhancement Open microchannels Cylindrical tube boiling heat transfer over enhanced cylindrical microchannel test surfaces with water at atmospheric

Kandlikar, Satish

24

Stay Above Water with an Efficient Swimming Pool | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Above Water with an Efficient Swimming Pool Above Water with an Efficient Swimming Pool Stay Above Water with an Efficient Swimming Pool August 10, 2009 - 10:38am Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL All eyes were on the pool recently for swimming's 2009 World Championships in Rome. As a former competitive swimmer (though I was a dog-paddler compared to the likes of Michael Phelps and Ariana Kukors), these events hold a special place in my heart, and I managed to catch a few exciting moments in the competition. I'm no longer involved in the world of swimming, but I can only imagine that interest in the sport has skyrocketed since last year's thrilling Olympics in Beijing. Maybe you or your children were inspired to get serious about swimming; maybe you've even decided to install a pool at your

25

Bromate, chlorite, chlorate, haloacetic acids, and trihalomethanes occurrence in indoor swimming pool waters in Italy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Subjects attending indoor swimming pools are exposed to disinfection by-products (DBPs) by inhalation, dermal contact and/or ingestion, as a consequence of water disinfection treatments with chlorine and related compounds. The occurrence of trihalomethanes (THMs) in pool waters has been well documented, while information about other DBPs, including bromate, chlorite, chlorate and haloacetic acids (HAAs), is very limited even though some of these substances are potentially dangerous for human health. The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of bromate, chlorite, chlorate, \\{HAAs\\} and \\{THMs\\} both in pool and in source water of 24 public indoor swimming pools in Emilia Romagna Region, Northern Italy. \\{THMs\\} were evaluated with a standardized method involving the head-space gas-chromatographic technique, while HAAs, bromate, chlorite, and chlorate were detected by Ion Chromatography with Mass Spectrometry. \\{THMs\\} were measured in all the pool water samples (mean value: 36.928.2?g/l), while they were detectable in less than 50% of source waters and always at very low levels (mean value: 2.04.1?g/l), as a consequence of drinking water disinfection with chlorine dioxide, a widespread disinfection method in Italy. Bromate was always absent in source water samples, and it was detected in 3 samples of pool water only (range: 1048?g/l). \\{HAAs\\} were scarcely detected in source waters (3 positive samples, maximum level observed: 21?g/l), while in pool water they were always present at detectable levels and showed high concentrations (range: 11403?g/l, mean value of 164108?g/l). Chlorite was present in 22 water supply samples (mean value: 149122?g/l) but only in one pool water. Chlorate, on the contrary, resulted as the most prevalent DBP both in source (range: 2499?g/l) and in pool waters, where it showed the highest levels, with a mean value of 3661?g/l and a maximum value of 19537?g/l. Such environmental levels could result in an important human exposure, mainly by ingestion and/or dermal contact, to non volatile \\{DBPs\\} different than THMs. Exposure to those DBPs, therefore, needs to be further investigated and strategies aimed at minimizing it should be identified and undertaken. Attention should be paid, above all, to chlorate: this substance appears really widespread in swimming pool water and, according to the most recent toxicological studies, its potential human health effects could be relevant.

Elena Righi; Gugliemina Fantuzzi; Guerrino Predieri; Gabriella Aggazzotti

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Solar pool heating | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Solar pool heating Jump to: navigation, search Pool Heating is a great use for solar energy. Solar pool heating systems can be very effective and inexpensive. The pool itself is the thermal storage unit and the existing pump that the pool uses will circulate the water through the solar collectors. Pool Covers Having a good pool cover is one of the best ways to conserve energy and use solar energy to heat the pool. If you don't have a pool cover the solar energy being used will be wasted and you will be using three times as much energy that is necessary. Solar Sun Rings- instead of using a full pool cover sun rings are

27

Energy requirements for a swimming pool through a water-atmosphere energy balance  

SciTech Connect

The methodology displayed here is to calculate the energy requirements for heating a swimming pool to a desired temperature. This methodology consists of an energy balance between water-atmosphere as is used in the temperature evaluation of cooling ponds in power plants. Different mathematical expressions are given to calculate such a balance. It is necessary to know the month of the year, the ambient temperature, relative humidity, wind velocity, and solar radiation. With these parameters it is possible to know the natural temperature of the water, natural evaporation, energy needed to reach a determined swimming pool temperature and the evaporation of the heated pool.

Almanza, F.; Lara, J. (Ciudad Universitaria (Mexico))

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Rapid analysis of cyanuric acid in swimming pool waters by high performance liquid chromatography using porous graphitic carbon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An approach is presented for reducing analysis times of cyanuric acid in swimming pool waters by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC ... ) to fully resolve cyanuric acid from other pool interferences wit...

R. Cant; O. Evans; M. L. Magnuson

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Effects of Storage Container Color and Shading on Water Temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RWH systems has become a concern. Water temperature is a parameter of water quality and storage container color and shading affect this temperature. Four different colors and three different shadings were applied to twelve rainwater storage barrels...

Clayton, James Brent

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

30

Fire Water Lodge Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Fire Water Lodge Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Fire Water Lodge Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Truth or Consequences, New Mexico Coordinates 33.1284047°, -107.2528069° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

31

An International Survey of Electric Storage Tank Water Heater Efficiency and Standards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Survey of Electric Storage Tank Water Heater Efficiency andSurvey of Electric Storage Tank Water Heater Efficiency andby electric resistance storage tank water heaters (geysers),

Johnson, Alissa

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

USE of mine pool water for power plant cooling.  

SciTech Connect

Water and energy production issues intersect in numerous ways. Water is produced along with oil and gas, water runs off of or accumulates in coal mines, and water is needed to operate steam electric power plants and hydropower generating facilities. However, water and energy are often not in the proper balance. For example, even if water is available in sufficient quantities, it may not have the physical and chemical characteristics suitable for energy or other uses. This report provides preliminary information about an opportunity to reuse an overabundant water source--ground water accumulated in underground coal mines--for cooling and process water in electric generating facilities. The report was funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), which has implemented a water/energy research program (Feeley and Ramezan 2003). Among the topics studied under that program is the availability and use of ''non-traditional sources'' of water for use at power plants. This report supports NETL's water/energy research program.

Veil, J. A.; Kupar, J. M .; Puder, M. G.

2006-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

33

Hygienic surveillance in swimming pools: Assessment of the water quality in Bologna facilities in the period 20102012  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In the three-year period 20102012, 80 public swimming facilities in the metropolitan area of Bologna (Emilia Romagna Region, Italy), including 144 pools (69 indoor, 75 outdoor), were monitored to assess the microbiological and chemical water quality, after about ten years of implementing the new Italian guidance which introduced the principles of internal safety plans in the surveillance of swimming pools. According to the Italian guidance, water samples were collected from supply water (370 samples), pool water (645), and recirculating water entering the pool (307). The samples of supply water always conformed to the microbiological limits for drinking water. The pool water did not conform to the Italian legal requirements in around 16% of indoor pools and 25% of outdoor pools. In 65% of non-compliant samples, only one parameter exceeded the required standards. The microorganisms of faecal origin were isolated very rarely (Enterococci in less than 2% of samples) and pH and residual chlorine showed good compliance in pool water, implying an efficient management of the internal control. The inlet water exceeded the required standards in about 36% and 50% of samples, respectively in indoor and outdoor pools. However, 83.6% of the corresponding samples of pool water met the required limits. The microbiological incongruities were prevalently due to high levels of total heterotrophic counts (THCs) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and were indicative of bacterial colonization of the filters. The sampling of inlet water can thus be indicated as a critical control point for checking the correct functioning of the filters. The non-conformity of samples led to pool closure only in 1.5% of cases. In the other cases, the operators were officially invited to perform the corrective measures previously established in the plan of risk assessment. On the whole, the approach based on internal safety plans produced satisfactory results in terms of pool water quality, demonstrating the effective working of the internal system of analysis and management of risks.

L. Dallolio; M. Belletti; A. Agostini; M. Teggi; M. Bertelli; C. Bergamini; L. Chetti; E. Leoni

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Suppression of thermal stratification in gravity driven water pool of an advanced reactor using shrouds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Advanced and innovative reactor systems are considering the use of large pools as heat sink for various safety functions like decay heat removal or containment cooling. These designs generally have heat exchangers immersed in the pool. For enhanced safety and reliability, preferred heat transfer mode is considered to be passive so that heat sink availability is maintained even in failure of power supply and active components. However, heat transfer by natural convection in large pools poses a problem of thermal stratification. As a result of natural convection, hot layers of water may accumulate over the relatively cold one and in turn inhibit the natural convection itself. Not only the heat transfer performance may get deteriorated but some structural parts of the pool like concrete wall may be subjected to high temperature which is not desirable. In this paper, a new concept of employing shrouds around the heat source is proposed. These shrouds provide multiple natural circulation loops around the heat source, thereby facilitating mixing of hot and cold fluid, which eliminate stratification. The concept has been applied to the Gravity Driven Water Pool (GDWP) of Advance Heavy Water Reactor (AHWR) in which Isolation Condensers (ICs) tubes are submerged for decay heat removal of AHWR using ICS and thermal stratification phenomenon was predicted without and with ICS. Results indicate that the shrouds have application in elimination of thermal stratification in GDWP.

P.K. Verma; A.K. Nayak; Vikas Jain; P.K. Vijayan; K.K. Vaze

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Feasibility study 100 K East Area water purification pools fish-rearing program  

SciTech Connect

As part of the feasibility study, a design analysis was conducted to determine the usefulness of the existing sand filters and associated media for reuse. The sand filters which were studied for potential reuse are located on the northern end of the 100-K East Area water filtration plant on the Hanford Site. This plant is located about one- half mile from the Columbia River. The sand filters were originally part of a system which was used to provide cooling water to the nearby plutonium production K Reactors. This Cold War operation took place until 1971, at which time the K Reactors were closed for eventual decontamination and decommissioning. Recently, it was decided to study the concept of putting the sand filter structures back into use for fish-rearing purposes. Because the water that circulated through the water purification pools (K Pools) and associated sand filters was clean river water, there is little chance of the structures being radioactively contaminated. To date, separate K Pools have been used for raising a variety of cold water fish species, including white sturgeon and fall chinook salmon, as well as for providing potable water to the 100 K Area of the Hanford Site for fire and service water purposes.

Betsch, M.D., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

36

Photolytic removal of \\{DBPs\\} by medium pressure UV in swimming pool water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Medium pressure UV is used for controlling the concentration of combined chlorine (chloramines) in many public swimming pools. Little is known about the fate of other disinfection by-products (DBPs) in UV treatment. Photolysis by medium pressure UV treatment was investigated for 12 \\{DBPs\\} reported to be found in swimming pool water: chloroform, bromodichloromethane, dibromochloromethane, bromoform, dichloroacetonitrile, bromochloroacetonitrile, dibromoacetronitrile, trichloroacetonitrile, trichloronitromethane, dichloropropanone, trichloropropanone, and chloral hydrate. First order photolysis constants ranged 26-fold from 0.020min?1 for chloroform to 0.523min?1 for trichloronitromethane. The rate constants generally increased with bromine substitution. Using the UV removal of combined chlorine as an actinometer, the rate constants were recalculated to actual treatment doses of UV applied in a swimming pool. In an investigated public pool the UV dose was equivalent to an applied electrical energy of 1.34kWhm?3d?1 and the UV dose required to removed 90% of trichloronitromethane was 0.4kWhm?3d?1, while 2.6kWhm?3d?1 was required for chloral hydrate and the bromine containing haloacetonitriles and trihalomethanes ranged from 0.6 to 3.1kWhm?3d?1. It was predicted thus that a beneficial side-effect of applying UV for removing combined chlorine from the pool water could be a significant removal of trichloronitromethane, chloral hydrate and the bromine containing haloacetonitriles and trihalomethanes.

Kamilla M.S. Hansen; Raissa Zortea; Aurelia Piketty; Sergio Rodriguez Vega; Henrik Rasmus Andersen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Modeling of variations in nitrogen trichloride concentration over time in swimming pool water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In water, chlorine reacts with nitrogen-containing compounds to produce disinfection by-products such as nitrogen trichloride which induces ocular and respiratory irritations in swimming pool workers. This study proposes a model to predict variations in \\{NCl3\\} concentration over time in a traditional indoor swimming pool as a function of its operating parameters and attendance. The model was developed taking into consideration the reaction mechanisms, thermodynamic equilibria, physico-chemical properties, and transfer mechanisms occurring at the pool's surface. This model was validated through a robust series of experiments over two days and two nights in a real swimming pool. The model was found to satisfactorily predict variations over time in the concentrations of the chemical species investigated, including nitrogen trichloride. The work presented constitutes a first step to extend the model at different swimming pools. This approach may also be used to study the influence of the main operating parameters and to evaluate the impact of setting up water treatment systems on nitrogen trichloride concentration.

F. Grardin; A. Cloteaux; N. Midoux

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Energy Storage for Variable Renewable Energy Resource Integration - A Regional Assessment for the Northwest Power Pool (NWPP)  

SciTech Connect

This paper addresses the following key questions in the discussion on the integration of renewable energy resources in the Pacific Northwest power grid: a) what will be the future balancing requirement to accommodate a simulated expansion of wind energy resources from 3.3 GW in 2008 to 14.4 GW in 2019 in the Northwest Power Pool (NWPP), and b) what are the most cost effective technological solutions for meeting the balancing requirements in the Northwest Power Pool (NWPP). A life-cycle analysis was performed to assess the least-cost technology option for meeting the new balancing requirement. The technologies considered in this study include conventional turbines (CT), sodium sulfur (NaS) batteries, lithium ion (Li-ion) batteries, pumped hydro energy storage (PH), and demand response (DR). Hybrid concepts that combine 2 or more of the technologies above are also evaluated. This analysis was performed with collaboration by the Bonneville Power Administration and funded by the Energy Storage Systems Program of the U.S. Department of Energy.

Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW; Jin, Chunlian; Balducci, Patrick J.; Elizondo, Marcelo A.; Guo, Xinxin; Nguyen, Tony B.; Tuffner, Francis K.; Viswanathan, Vilayanur V.

2011-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

39

Swimming Pool Heaters | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency Homes Water Heating Swimming Pool Heaters Swimming Pool Heaters July 10, 2014 Gas Swimming Pool Heaters Selecting the right kind of swimming pool heater...

40

Seasonal dynamics of water and air chemistry in an indoor chlorinated swimming pool  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Although swimming is known to be beneficial in terms of cardiovascular health, as well as for some forms of rehabilitation, swimming is also known to present risks to human health, largely in the form of exposure to microbial pathogens and disinfection byproducts (DBPs). Relatively little information is available in the literature to characterize the seasonal dynamics of air and water chemistry in indoor chlorinated swimming pools. To address this issue, water samples were collected five days per week from an indoor chlorinated swimming pool facility at a high school during the academic year and once per week during summer over a fourteen-month period. The samples were analyzed for free and combined chlorine, urea, volatile DBPs, pH, temperature and total alkalinity. Membrane Introduction Mass Spectrometry (MIMS) was used to identify and measure the concentrations of eleven aqueous-phase volatile DBPs. Variability in the concentrations of these \\{DBPs\\} was observed. Factors that influenced variability included bather loading and mixing by swimmers. These compounds have the ability to adversely affect water and air quality and human health. A large fraction of the existing literature regarding swimming pool air quality has focused on trichloramine (NCl3). For this work, gas-phase \\{NCl3\\} was analyzed by an air sparging-DPD/KI method. The results showed that gas-phase \\{NCl3\\} concentration is influenced by bather loading and liquid-phase \\{NCl3\\} concentration. Urea is the dominant organic-N compound in human urine and sweat, and is known to be an important precursor for producing \\{NCl3\\} in swimming pools. Results of daily measurements of urea indicated a link between bather load and urea concentration in the pool.

Mehrnaz Zare Afifi; Ernest R. Blatchley III

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pool storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Effects of UV-dechloramination of swimming pool water on the formation of disinfection by-products: A lab-scale study.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Effects of UV-dechloramination of swimming pool water on the formation of disinfection by process for reducing the concentration of chloramines in public swimming pool water. As the effects hypochlorite are the most common chemicals used for the disinfection of swimming pool water. According

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

42

Assessing the Effect of Timing of Availability for Carbon Dioxide Storage in the Largest Oil and Gas Pools in the Alberta Basin: Description of Data and Methodology  

SciTech Connect

Carbon dioxide capture from large stationary sources and storage in geological media is a technologically-feasible mitigation measure for the reduction of anthropogenic emissions of CO2 to the atmosphere in response to climate change. Carbon dioxide (CO2) can be sequestered underground in oil and gas reservoirs, in deep saline aquifers, in uneconomic coal beds and in salt caverns. The Alberta Basin provides a very large capacity for CO2 storage in oil and gas reservoirs, along with significant capacity in deep saline formations and possible unmineable coal beds. Regional assessments of potential geological CO2 storage capacity have largely focused so far on estimating the total capacity that might be available within each type of reservoir. While deep saline formations are effectively able to accept CO2 immediately, the storage potential of other classes of candidate storage reservoirs, primarily oil and gas fields, is not fully available at present time. Capacity estimates to date have largely overlooked rates of depletion in these types of storage reservoirs and typically report the total estimated storage capacity that will be available upon depletion. However, CO2 storage will not (and cannot economically) begin until the recoverable oil and gas have been produced via traditional means. This report describes a reevaluation of the CO2 storage capacity and an assessment of the timing of availability of the oil and gas pools in the Alberta Basin with very large storage capacity (>5 MtCO2 each) that are being looked at as likely targets for early implementation of CO2 storage in the region. Over 36,000 non-commingled (i.e., single) oil and gas pools were examined with effective CO2 storage capacities being individually estimated. For each pool, the life expectancy was estimated based on a combination of production decline analysis constrained by the remaining recoverable reserves and an assessment of economic viability, yielding an estimated depletion date, or year that it will be available for CO2 storage. The modeling framework and assumptions used to assess the impact of the timing of CO2 storage resource availability on the regions deployment of CCS technologies is also described. The purpose of this report is to describe the data and methodology for examining the carbon dioxide (CO2) storage capacity resource of a major hydrocarbon province incorporating estimated depletion dates for its oil and gas fields with the largest CO2 storage capacity. This allows the development of a projected timeline for CO2 storage availability across the basin and enables a more realistic examination of potential oil and gas field CO2 storage utilization by the regions large CO2 point sources. The Alberta Basin of western Canada was selected for this initial examination as a representative mature basin, and the development of capacity and depletion date estimates for the 227 largest oil and gas pools (with a total storage capacity of 4.7 GtCO2) is described, along with the impact on source-reservoir pairing and resulting CO2 transport and storage economics. The analysis indicates that timing of storage resource availability has a significant impact on the mix of storage reservoirs selected for utilization at a given time, and further confirms the value that all available reservoir types offer, providing important insights regarding CO2 storage implementation to this and other major oil and gas basins throughout North America and the rest of the world. For CCS technologies to deploy successfully and offer a meaningful contribution to climate change mitigation, CO2 storage reservoirs must be available not only where needed (preferably co-located with or near large concentrations of CO2 sources or emissions centers) but also when needed. The timing of CO2 storage resource availability is therefore an important factor to consider when assessing the real opportunities for CCS deployment in a given region.

Dahowski, Robert T.; Bachu, Stefan

2007-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

43

Covered Product Category: Gas Storage Water Heaters | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Gas Storage Water Heaters Gas Storage Water Heaters Covered Product Category: Gas Storage Water Heaters October 7, 2013 - 10:43am Addthis ENERGY STAR Qualified Products FEMP provides acquisition guidance across a variety of product categories, including gas storage water heaters, which are an ENERGY STAR®-qualified product category. Federal laws and executive orders mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law. Most manufacturers display the ENERGY STAR label on complying models. For a model not displaying this label, check the manufacturer's literature to determine if it meets the efficiency requirements outlined by ENERGY STAR. Performance Requirements for Federal Purchases For the most up-to-date efficiency levels required by ENERGY STAR, look for

44

The role of macroalgal species as bio-indicators of water quality in bermudian karstic cave pools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

quality assessment was performed in six of Bermudas anchialine cave pools during summer 2007. Vertical water profiles were collected at each site to determine temperature, salinity, dissolved oxygen, and pH levels throughout the water column. Each cave...

Maloney, Bridget Marie

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

45

An approach to energy saving assessment of solar assisted heat pumps for swimming pool water heating  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A steady state off-design model of a Water Solar Assisted Heat Pump (W-SAHP) and the results of monthly based averaged simulations are presented. The W-SAHP system is arranged with a commercial water-to-water heat pump, coupled with unglazed flat plate solar collectors. The study is purposely developed for swimming pools, however most of the analysis criteria and outcomes are valid for any building (user) having hot water needs. Calculations are made for given thermal load and user operating temperatures with reference to the climatic data of all Italian Municipalities, that is degree days (DD) in the range from 700 to 3000, altitude from 0 to 1500m (above sea level), and latitude from 36.5N to 46.3N. The primary energy saving capability of the W-SAHP solution, compared to a traditional gas-boiler plant, is analyzed as a function of the DD index of each site. Despite the large spread of climatic and altitude data, the results show that the W-SAHP performance is usually well correlated to DD, which can therefore be assumed as the main independent variable for the energy saving assessment of these systems, and make the results easily extended to other possible geographical locations.

Luca A. Tagliafico; Federico Scarpa; Giulio Tagliafico; Federico Valsuani

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Chapter 12 - Swimming Pools  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses water conservation opportunities for swimming pools. Swimming pool water is an expensive commodity given the fact that a large body of water needs to be continually pumped, treated, filtered and backwashed and then heated to temperatures. Councils, leisure and fitness centers, hotels and most motels all have swimming pools. In indoor pools the air needs to be ventilated. For this reason swimming pools consume two to three as much energy as an air-conditioned office building per square area. The typical average energy use in sports centers with pools and dry sports centers are shown. It becomes evident the energy consumption of swimming pools is two to three times per square meter. Twenty-five per cent of the energy is used to heat pools to maintain these temperatures and another 53% of energy is used for space heating in indoor pools. The typical breakdown of water usage in large public swimming pools which show, retrofitting showerheads and minimizing leakage will have a significant effect on reducing water use. Data indicates that 33% of the water usage can be reduced by instituting good management practices. Water conservation opportunities for swimming pools consist of: reducing leakage, installing water-efficient taps, showerheads and toilets, reducing backwash frequency and time and reducing pool evaporation.

Mohan Seneviratne

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Analysis of a solar assisted heat pump system for indoor swimming pool water and space heating  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solar energy application is a good alternative to replace primary energy source especially for large-scale installations. Heat pumps are also effective means to reduce primary energy consumption. This paper describes a case study with a new design of solar assisted heat pump (SAHP) for indoor swimming pool space- and water-heating purposes. The system design procedure was first presented. The entire system was then modeled via the TRNSYS simulation environment and the energy performance was evaluated based on the winter time operation schedule. Economic analysis with a range of collector areas was also performed. The simulation results show that the overall system COP can reach 4.5, and the fractional factor of energy saving is 79% as compared to the conventional energy system. The economical payback period is less than 5years.

T.T. Chow; Y. Bai; K.F. Fong; Z. Lin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Conventional Storage Water Heater Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Conventional Storage Water Heater Basics Conventional Storage Water Heater Basics Conventional Storage Water Heater Basics July 30, 2013 - 3:39pm Addthis Illustration showing the components of a storage water heater. On top of the tank are two thin pipes; one pipe is the hot water outlet, and the other is the cold water inlet. A large pipe in the middle is called a vent pipe. A pressure/temperature relief valve is also on top of the tank and is connected to an open pipe that runs down the side of the tank. Another valve near the bottom of the outside of the tank is the thermostat and gas valve. A cutout shows the parts inside the tank, which include a large tube called a flue tube/heat exchanger. Inside this tube is a jagged insert called a flue baffle. Beside the flue tube/heat exchanger is a thin tube called the anode rod. At the bottom of the tank is a gas burner, and beneath the burner are combustion air openings.

49

Covered Product Category: Residential Gas Storage Water Heaters  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

FEMP provides acquisition guidance across a variety of product categories, including gas storage water heaters, which are an ENERGY STAR-qualified product category. Federal laws and requirements mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law.

50

Cooling Semiconductor Manufacturing Facilities with Chilled Water Storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines the 5.2 million gallon chilled water storage system installed at TI's Expressway manufacturing complex in Dallas, Texas. During the peak cooling season ending September 30, 1994, it provided 3,750 tons of additional peak cooling...

Fiorino, D. P.

51

Optimization of HS-SPME analytical conditions using factorial design for trihalomethanes determination in swimming pool water samples  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Trihalomethanes (THMs) are widely referred and studied as disinfection by-products (DBPs). The \\{THMs\\} that are most commonly detected are chloroform (TCM), bromodichloromethane (BDCM), chlorodibromomethane (CDBM), and bromoform (TBM). Several studies regarding the determination of \\{THMs\\} in swimming pool water and air samples have been published. This paper reviews the most recent work in this field, with a special focus on water and air sampling, sample preparation and analytical determination methods. An experimental study has been developed in order to optimize the headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) conditions of TCM, BDCM, CDBM and TBM from water samples using a 23 factorial design. An extraction temperature of 45C, for 25min, and a desorption time of 5min were found to be the best conditions. Analysis was performed by gas chromatography with an electron capture detector (GC-ECD). The method was successfully applied to a set of 27 swimming pool water samples collected in the Oporto area (Portugal). TCM was the only THM detected with levels between 4.5 and 406.5?gL?1. Four of the samples exceeded the guideline value for total \\{THMs\\} in swimming pool water (100?gL?1) indicated by the Portuguese Health Authority.

Raquel Maia; Manuela Correia; Isabel M. Brs Pereira; Vitorino M. Beleza

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Swimming Pool Worker Dermatoses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ultraviolet light and water disinfection byproducts such as trihalomethanes (THMs) and haloacetic acids can potentially increase cancer risk in swimming pool workers. THMs and chloroform are activated to...

Dr. Aieska De Souza; David E. Cohen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Prevalence of dental erosion in adolescent competitive swimmers exposed to gas-chlorinated swimming pool water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to analyze the prevalence of dental erosion among competitive swimmers of the local swimming club in Szczecin, Poland, who train in closely monitored gas-chlorinated swimming pool wa...

J. Buczkowska-Radli?ska; R. ?agocka; W. Kaczmarek

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Installation for a nuclear power station with staggered swimming pools  

SciTech Connect

In an installation for a nuclear power station comprising a ''reactor building'' with a first swimming pool for handling of fuel units and a fuel building with a second swimming pool for the transfer, storage and deactivation of the units, the second swimming pool is located at a lower level than that of the first and is connected to the first by an intermediate auxiliary chamber filled with water and located under the first swimming pool. The auxiliary chamber is connected by a vertical pipeline to the first swimming pool and by a horizontal connecting pipeline to the second swimming pool. Each of the pipelines is provided with a shut-off valve, with interlocking means which prevents the simultaneous opening of the two valves. There is negligible dead space around a conveyor basket for fuel units when it is in the vertical or horizontal pipelines.

Gigou, R.

1982-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

55

Solar heated swimming pool  

SciTech Connect

A swimming pool construction incorporating solar heating means to heat the pool water to a desired level. The pool includes a surrounding safety fence supported by a plurality of fence supports which are hollow and which include internal passageways. The pool water is passed through the pool support passageways whereupon it absorbs heat from the sidewalls of the fence supports, the surfaces of which have been heated by solar radiation. The fence supports can be made of plastic or other materials, but preferably are dark for improved absorptivity. The pool water can be passed serially through each of the fence supports and suitable thermostat control means can be provided to limit the water temperature increase.

Pettit, F.M.

1984-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

56

Experimental study of integrated collector storage solar water heaters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three Integrated Collector Storage Solar Water Heaters (ICSSWH) have been designed, constructed and experimentally studied in comparison to a Flat Plate Thermosiphonic Unit (FPTU). Each of the ICS experimental models consists of one cylindrical tank horizontally mounted in a stationary symmetrical Compound Parabolic Concentrating (CPC) reflector trough. The main objective is the design and construction of low cost solar water heaters with improved thermal performance and lower possible depths. The experimental models can be mounted on horizontal as well as on inclined roofs by adopting the lowest possible depth. The results show that these solar devices perform more than effectively all year long. This could contribute significantly on the development of ICS type solar water heaters.

M. Souliotis; D. Chemisana; Y.G. Caouris; Y. Tripanagnostopoulos

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Heat pump water heater and storage tank assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A water heater and storage tank assembly comprises a housing defining a chamber, an inlet for admitting cold water to the chamber, and an outlet for permitting flow of hot water from the chamber. A compressor is mounted on the housing and is removed from the chamber. A condenser comprises a tube adapted to receive refrigerant from the compressor, and winding around the chamber to impart heat to water in the chamber. An evaporator is mounted on the housing and removed from the chamber, the evaporator being adapted to receive refrigerant from the condenser and to discharge refrigerant to conduits in communication with the compressor. An electric resistance element extends into the chamber, and a thermostat is disposed in the chamber and is operative to sense water temperature and to actuate the resistance element upon the water temperature dropping to a selected level. The assembly includes a first connection at an external end of the inlet, a second connection at an external end of the outlet, and a third connection for connecting the resistance element, compressor and evaporator to an electrical power source.

Dieckmann, John T. (Belmont, MA); Nowicki, Brian J. (Watertown, MA); Teagan, W. Peter (Acton, MA); Zogg, Robert (Belmont, MA)

1999-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

58

Electrochemical Treatment of Swimming Pools  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Microbiological contamination, mainly due to fecal contamination, is the main cause of illness or infection associated with swimming pool water. Acceptable microbiological water quality is maintained...1].

Jean Gobet

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Optimal Parameter Determination for Tritiated Water Storage in Polyacrylic Networks  

SciTech Connect

Due to the remarkable capacity of water retaining, croslinked polyacrylic acids (PAA) represent an interesting alternative for tritiated water trapping. The study was developed on radiolytical processes in PAA:HTO systems derivated from irradiation of polymeric network by disintegration of tritium atoms from HTO. The aim of these studies is the identification of polymeric structures and optimal storage conditions.Sol and gel fractions were determinated by radiometrical methods using PAA labeled with 14-C at carboxylic groups and T at main chains of the polymer. Simulation of radiolytical processes was realized using {gamma} radiation field emitted by a irradiation source of 60-Co which ensures a maximum of absorbed dose rate of 3 kGy/h. Self-radiolytical effects were investigated using labeled PAA in HTO with great radioactive concentration (37-185 GBq/mL). The experiment suggests as optimum for HTO storage as tritium liquid wastes a 1:30 PAA:HTO swelling degree at 18.5-37 MBqL. HTO radioactive concentration.RES studies of radiolytical processes were also realized on dry polyacrylic acid (PAA) and polyacrylic based hydrogels irradiated and determined at 77 K. In the study we observed the effect of swelling capacity of hydrogel o the formation of free radicals.

Postolache, C. [National Institute of Research and Development for Physics and Nuclear Engineering (Romania); Matei, Lidia [National Institute of Research and Development for Physics and Nuclear Engineering (Romania); Georgescu, Rodica [National Institute of Research and Development for Physics and Nuclear Engineering (Romania); Ionita, Gh. [National R and D Institute for Criogenics and Isotopic Techologies (Romania)

2005-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

60

Adenosine Triphosphate Pools in Methanobacterium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...adenine nucleotide pools and methane production...total nucleotide pool levels after 7 hr...shaken at 37 C in a water bath. Sym- bols...mole, the energy conservation by the bacterium...transferred to methane and water]. The bacterium...might affect ATP pool levels in whole cells...

A. M. Roberton; R. S. Wolfe

1970-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pool storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Relationship of regional water quality to aquifer thermal energy storage  

SciTech Connect

Ground-water quality and associated geologic characteristics may affect the feasibility of aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) system development in any hydrologic region. This study sought to determine the relationship between ground-water quality parameters and the regional potential for ATES system development. Information was collected from available literature to identify chemical and physical mechanisms that could adversely affect an ATES system. Appropriate beneficiation techniques to counter these potential geochemical and lithologic problems were also identified through the literature search. Regional hydrology summaries and other sources were used in reviewing aquifers of 19 drainage regions in the US to determine generic geochemical characteristics for analysis. Numerical modeling techniques were used to perform geochemical analyses of water quality from 67 selected aquifers. Candidate water resources regions were then identified for exploration and development of ATES. This study identified six principal mechanisms by which ATES reservoir permeability may be impaired: (1) particulate plugging, (2) chemical precipitation, (3) liquid-solid reactions, (4) formation disaggregation, (5) oxidation reactions, and (6) biological activity. Specific proven countermeasures to reduce or eliminate these effects were found. Of the hydrologic regions reviewed, 10 were identified as having the characteristics necessary for ATES development: (1) Mid-Atlantic, (2) South-Atlantic Gulf, (3) Ohio, (4) Upper Mississippi, (5) Lower Mississippi, (6) Souris-Red-Rainy, (7) Missouri Basin, (8) Arkansas-White-Red, (9) Texas-Gulf, and (10) California.

Allen, R.D.

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Solar Swimming Pool Heaters | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Swimming Pool Heaters Swimming Pool Heaters Solar Swimming Pool Heaters May 29, 2012 - 6:03pm Addthis An example of a solar pool heater. An example of a solar pool heater. You can significantly reduce swimming pool heating costs by installing a solar pool heater. They're cost competitive with both gas and heat pump pool heaters, and they have very low annual operating costs. Actually, solar pool heating is the most cost-effective use of solar energy in many climates. How They Work Most solar pool heating systems include the following: A solar collector -- the device through which pool water is circulated to be heated by the sun A filter -- removes debris before water is pumped through the collector A pump -- circulates water through the filter and collector and back to the pool A flow control valve -- automatic or manual device that diverts pool

63

Numerical simulation of Large Solar Hot Water system in storage tank.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This research is aimed to study the storage tank design parameters effects on the efficiency of the large solar hot water system. Detailed CFD simulation (more)

Shue, Nai-Shen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Pump and control unit for a solar heating installation for a water tank and particularly for a swimming pool  

SciTech Connect

The invention relates to a pump and control unit for a solar heating installation system for a water tank, particularly for a swimming pool. The system contains a solar collector, a hydraulic circuit which includes an outward-flow pipe, a return-flow pipe, a pump, a derivative-action control unit and two sensors mounted on the outward-flow pipe and on the return-flow pipe, respectively. The pump, the control unit and the two sensors are integrated into a single case. The case is provided in its top wall with a transparent opening which faces the return-flow sensor and through which said sensor can be exposed to solar radiation, such that the pump may be automatically activated during periods of sunshine, i.e., when the solar collector is heating the water returning to the tank, and stopped due to lack of sunshine.

Cannaux, G.; Calvet, G.

1985-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

65

Storage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Storage Storage DUF6 Health Risks line line Accidents Storage Conversion Manufacturing Disposal Transportation Storage A discussion of depleted UF6 cylinder storage activities and associated risks. Management Activities for Cylinders in Storage The long-term management of the existing DUF6 storage cylinders and the continual effort to remediate and maintain the safe condition of the DUF6 storage cylinders will remain a Departmental responsibility for many years into the future. The day to day management of the DUF6 cylinders includes actions designed to cost effectively maintain and improve their storage conditions, such as: General storage cylinder and storage yard maintenance; Performing regular inspections of cylinders; Restacking and respacing the cylinders to improve drainage and to

66

Storage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Environmental Risks » Storage Environmental Risks » Storage Depleted UF6 Environmental Risks line line Storage Conversion Manufacturing Disposal Environmental Risks of Depleted UF6 Storage Discussion of the potential environmental impacts from storage of depleted UF6 at the three current storage sites, as well as potential impacts from the storage of depleted uranium after conversion to an oxide form. Impacts Analyzed in the PEIS The PEIS included an analysis of the potential environmental impacts from continuing to store depleted UF6 cylinders at the three current storage sites, as well as potential impacts from the storage of depleted uranium after conversion to an oxide form. Impacts from Continued Storage of UF6 Cylinders Continued storage of the UF6 cylinders would require extending the use of a

67

Monitoring effective use of household water treatment and safe storage technologies in Ethiopia and Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Household water treatment and storage (HWTS) technologies dissemination is beginning to scale-up to reach the almost 900 million people without access to an improved water supply (WHO/UNICEF/JMP, 2008). Without well-informed ...

Stevenson, Matthew M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Nucleate pool boiling heat transfer characteristics of TiO{sub 2}-water nanofluids at very low concentrations  

SciTech Connect

A study of nucleate pool boiling heat transfer of TiO{sub 2}-water nanofluids is experimentally conducted. Nanofluids with various concentrations of 0.00005, 0.0001, 0.0005, 0.005, and 0.01 vol.% are employed. Horizontal circular plates made from copper and aluminium with different roughness values of 0.2 and 4 {mu}m are used as heating surfaces. The experiments are performed to explore the effects of nanofluids concentration as well as heating surface material and roughness on nucleate pool boiling characteristics and the heat transfer coefficient under ambient pressure. The results show that based on the copper heated surface which is tested with a concentration of 0.0001 vol.%, higher nucleate pool boiling heat transfer coefficient is obtained when compared with the base fluid. A 15% increase is obtained for the surface roughness of 0.2 {mu}m and a 4% increase is obtained for roughness of 4 {mu}m. For concentrations higher than 0.0001 vol.%, however, the higher the concentration, the lower the heat transfer coefficient. In the case of aluminium heated surface, the corresponding heat transfer coefficients are larger than for the copper surface by around 30% with a roughness of 0.2 {mu}m and around 27% with a roughness of 4 {mu}m. Moreover, the results also indicate that the heat transfer coefficient obtained based on a roughness of 4 {mu}m is higher than that for a roughness of 0.2 {mu}m by around 12% for aluminium and by around 13% for copper. (author)

Suriyawong, Adirek; Wongwises, Somchai [Fluid Mechanics, Thermal Engineering and Multiphase Flow Research Lab. (FUTURE), Department of Mechanical Engineering, King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi, Bangmod, Bangkok 10140 (Thailand)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

69

Solar Swimming Pool Heaters | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Swimming Pool Heaters Solar Swimming Pool Heaters Solar Swimming Pool Heaters May 29, 2012 - 6:03pm Addthis An example of a solar pool heater. An example of a solar pool heater. You can significantly reduce swimming pool heating costs by installing a solar pool heater. They're cost competitive with both gas and heat pump pool heaters, and they have very low annual operating costs. Actually, solar pool heating is the most cost-effective use of solar energy in many climates. How They Work Most solar pool heating systems include the following: A solar collector -- the device through which pool water is circulated to be heated by the sun A filter -- removes debris before water is pumped through the collector A pump -- circulates water through the filter and collector and back to the pool

70

Numerical Simulation of Hydrodynamics of a Heavy Liquid Drop Covered by Vapor Film in a Water Pool  

SciTech Connect

A numerical study on the hydrodynamics of a droplet covered by vapor film in water pool is carried out. Two level set functions are used as to implicitly capture the interfaces among three immiscible fluids (melt-drop, vapor and coolant). This approach leaves only one set of conservation equations for the three phases. A high-order Navier-Stokes solver, called Cubic-Interpolated Pseudo-Particle (CIP) algorithm, is employed in combination with level set approach, which allows large density ratios (up to 1000), surface tension and jump in viscosity. By this calculation, the hydrodynamic behavior of a melt droplet falling into a volatile coolant is simulated, which is of great significance to reveal the mechanism of steam explosion during a hypothetical severe reactor accident. (authors)

Ma, W.M.; Yang, Z.L.; Giri, A.; Sehgal, B.R. [Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Drottning Kristinas vaeg 33 A, 100 44, Stockholm (Sweden)

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Estimating Costs and Efficiency of Storage, Demand, and Heat Pump Water  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Estimating Costs and Efficiency of Storage, Demand, and Heat Pump Estimating Costs and Efficiency of Storage, Demand, and Heat Pump Water Heaters Estimating Costs and Efficiency of Storage, Demand, and Heat Pump Water Heaters June 14, 2012 - 7:38pm Addthis A water heater's energy efficiency is determined by the energy factor (EF), which is based on the amount of hot water produced per unit of fuel consumed over a typical day. The higher the energy factor, the more efficient the water heater. A water heater's energy efficiency is determined by the energy factor (EF), which is based on the amount of hot water produced per unit of fuel consumed over a typical day. The higher the energy factor, the more efficient the water heater. What does this mean for me? Estimate the annual operating costs and compare several water heaters to determine whether it is worth investing in a more efficient

72

ALARA Analysis for Shippingport Pressurized Water Reactor Core 2 Fuel Storage in the Canister Storage Building (CSB)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The addition of Shippingport Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) Core 2 Blanket Fuel Assembly storage in the Canister Storage Building (CSB) will increase the total cumulative CSB personnel exposure from receipt and handling activities. The loaded Shippingport Spent Fuel Canisters (SSFCs) used for the Shippingport fuel have a higher external dose rate. Assuming an MCO handling rate of 170 per year (K East and K West concurrent operation), 24-hr CSB operation, and nominal SSFC loading, all work crew personnel will have a cumulative annual exposure of less than the 1,000 mrem limit.

Lewis, M E

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Pooling Authority Interim Enforcement Program Adopted Dec 19, 2011 Section 1: Definitions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conservation and Development Commission. General Manager: The person responsible for implementing the Pooling Pooling Authority. Pooling Authority: Power & Water Resources Pooling Authority. Renewable EnergyPooling Authority Interim Enforcement Program ­ Adopted Dec 19, 2011 1 Section 1: Definitions

74

Development of a Procedure for the Predictive Control Strategy of a Chilled Water Storage System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-peak months to minimize demand charges. By optimizing the operation of the building air handling units (AHUs), chilled water pumps, chiller plant and the thermal storage system, the storage tank is better charged while chiller run time is reduced. Both on...

Wei, G.; Sakuri, Y.; Claridge, D. E.; Turner, W. D.; Liu, M.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Studies of limax amoebae in a Swimming Pool  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Longlasting investigations have been performed in a swimming pool, which has been the source of a...limax...type in the water and in all areas of the swimming pool moistened by the water from the pool and also of...

L. ?erva

1971-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Water Use at Pulverized Coal Power Plants with Postcombustion Carbon Capture and Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Water Use at Pulverized Coal Power Plants with Postcombustion Carbon Capture and Storage ... (24) When CO2 is captured, the heat rejected around the primary condenser does not include the steam extracted for CO2 regeneration. ...

Haibo Zhai; Edward S. Rubin; Peter L. Versteeg

2011-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

77

Long Term Solar Heat Storage through Underground Water Tanks for the Heating of Housing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This project consists in the development of design methods of solar plants for heating of housing by means of the interseasonal storage of solar energy through water tanks located under or...

M. Cucumo; V. Marinelli; G. Oliveti; A. Sabato

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Design of Coil Heat Exchanger for Remote-Storage Solar Water Heating System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A coil heat exchanger for hot water thermal storage was presented including the choice of the ... calculation of flow resistance. In this design, solar collector contour aperture area is 4.26...2, the volume of w...

Lv Cuiping; He Duanlian; Dou Jianqing

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Energy Comparison Between Conventional and Chilled Water Thermal Storage Air Conditioning Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, encouraged by government subsidies and driven by the rapid and continual expansion in building construction, urban development, and the heavy reliance on Air Conditioning (AC) systems for the cooling of buildings. The Chilled Water Thermal Storage (CWTS...

Sebzali, M.; Hussain, H. J.; Ameer, B.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Experimental study of a thermosyphon solar water heater coupled to a fibre-reinforced plastic (FRP) storage tank  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The thermal performance of the thermosyphon solar water heater was analyzed to show its ... %. Also, an analysis of the temperature storage characteristics of a novel fibre-reinforced plastic (FRP) storage tank w...

P. N. Nwosu; O. U. Oparaku; W. I. Okonkwo; G. O. Unachukwu

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pool storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Household water treatment and safe storage product development in Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Microbial and/or chemical contaminants can infiltrate into piped water systems, especially when the system is intermittent. Ghana has been suffering from aged and intermittent piped water networks, and an added barrier of ...

Yang, Shengkun, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Contribution of water vapor pressure to pressurization of plutonium dioxide storage containers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pressurization of long-term storage containers filled with materials meeting the US DOE storage standard is of concern.1 2 For example temperatures within storage containers packaged according to the standard and contained in 9975 shipping packages that are stored in full view of the sun can reach internal temperatures of 250?C.3 Twenty five grams of water (0.5 wt.%) at 250?C in the storage container with no other material present would result in a pressure of 412 psia which is limited by the amount of water. The pressure due to the water can be substantially reduced due to interactions with the stored material. Studies of the adsorption of water by PuO 2 and surface interactions of water with PuO 2 show that adsorption of 0.5 wt.% of water is feasible under many conditions and probable under high humidity conditions.4 5 6 However no data are available on the vapor pressure of water over plutonium dioxide containing materials that have been exposed to water.

D. Kirk Veirs; John S. Morris; Dane R. Spearing

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Methodology for Determining the Optimal Operating Strategies for a Chilled Water Storage System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the example facility. It was concluded that stratified chilled water TES was a viable technology even without the presence of electric rebate incentives or rebates, and it was a sustainable technology for the foreseeable future. 2.1.2 Chilled water storage...

Zhang, Zhiqin

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

84

Apparatus for heating a swimming pool  

SciTech Connect

This disclosure relates to a solar heater apparatus for a swimming pool which incorporates a submersible suspendible black body sheet to serve as a device to absorb solar radiation and transfer the collected energy to the pool water so that the pool water can be efficiently heated.

Kremen, R.D.

1983-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

85

Swimming Pool Covers | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

1 degree, but each pound of 80F water that evaporates takes a whopping 1,048 Btu of heat out of the pool. This pie chart shows outdoor pool energy loss characteristics:...

86

Gravity effect of water storage changes in a weathered hard-rock aquifer in West Africa: results from joint absolute gravity, hydrological monitoring and geophysical prospection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......masked out and the conservation of the total water mass has been enforced...control the amount of water that produces gravity variations (Pool Eychaner 1995...semi-arid Niger. Water Resour. Res...wrcr.20235. Pool D.R. , Eychaner......

Basile Hector; Luc Sguis; Jacques Hinderer; Marc Descloitres; Jean-Michel Vouillamoz; Maxime Wubda; Jean-Paul Boy; Bernard Luck; Nicolas Le Moigne

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Solar heater for swimming pools  

SciTech Connect

A solar heater for swimming pools is provided having one or more heating panels installable on a roof or the like and arranged to discharge into a pool equipped with an apron without need for disturbing or obstructing the apron. This is accomplished by the provision of an elevated bistable dumper adjacent the perimeter of the apron having a dispensing spout normally inclined upwardly but pivoting at intervals to discharge into the pool across the apron without obstructing it. Water to be heated is diverted from the pool filtering system to the solar heater via a pressure regulator and a solar responsive flow control.

Babcock, H.W.

1984-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

88

Remediation of Risks in Natural Gas Storage Produced Waters: The Potential Use of Constructed Wetland Treatment Systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Natural gas storage produced waters (NGSPWs) are generated in large volumes, vary in composition, and often contain constituents in concentrations and forms that are toxic (more)

Johnson, Brenda

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Achieving increased spent fuel storage capacity at the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR)  

SciTech Connect

The HFIR facility was originally designed to store approximately 25 spent cores, sufficient to allow for operational contingencies and for cooling prior to off-site shipment for reprocessing. The original capacity has now been increased to 60 positions, of which 53 are currently filled (September 1994). Additional spent cores are produced at a rate of about 10 or 11 per year. Continued HFIR operation, therefore, depends on a significant near-term expansion of the pool storage capacity, as well as on a future capability of reprocessing or other storage alternatives once the practical capacity of the pool is reached. To store the much larger inventory of spent fuel that may remain on-site under various future scenarios, the pool capacity is being increased in a phased manner through installation of a new multi-tier spent fuel rack design for higher density storage. A total of 143 positions was used for this paper as the maximum practical pool capacity without impacting operations; however, greater ultimate capacities were addressed in the supporting analyses and approval documents. This paper addresses issues related to the pool storage expansion including (1) seismic effects on the three-tier storage arrays, (2) thermal performance of the new arrays, (3) spent fuel cladding corrosion concerns related to the longer period of pool storage, and (4) impacts of increased spent fuel inventory on the pool water quality, water treatment systems, and LLLW volume.

Cook, D.H.; Chang, S.J.; Dabs, R.D.; Freels, J.D.; Morgan, K.A.; Rothrock, R.B. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Griess, J.C. [Griess (J.C.), Knoxville, TN (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

90

Loss of Algicidal Chemicals in Swimming Pools  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...algicides for swimming pools. Appl. Microbiol...of algae in fresh water. Proc. Intern...Algae control in water supplies. Power...N. J. Dept. of Conservation, Progress Report...Badewesens, 5, 197. Water Pollution Abstr...control-swimming pools. Water & Sewage...

George P. Fitzgerald

1960-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Energy Storage and Solar Power: An Exaggerated Problem  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...scale, that could reduce costs and dramatically...work to sub-tly reduce the storage problem...only when the consumption of oil falls significantly...By holding back water that would otherwise...solar sources make up a reasonably small...already available. Water tanks, rock beds...specially designed pools can be used for...

WILLIAM D. METZ

1978-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

92

Removal plan for Shippingport pressurized water reactor core 2 blanket fuel assemblies form T plant to the canister storage building  

SciTech Connect

This document presents the current strategy and path forward for removal of the Shippingport Pressurized Water Reactor Core 2 blanket fuel assemblies from their existing storage configuration (wet storage within the T Plant canyon) and transport to the Canister Storage Building (designed and managed by the Spent Nuclear Fuel. Division). The removal plan identifies all processes, equipment, facility interfaces, and documentation (safety, permitting, procedures, etc.) required to facilitate the PWR Core 2 assembly removal (from T Plant), transport (to the Canister storage Building), and storage to the Canister Storage Building. The plan also provides schedules, associated milestones, and cost estimates for all handling activities.

Lata

1996-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

93

An International Survey of Electric Storage Tank Water Heater Efficiency and Standards  

SciTech Connect

Water heating is a main consumer of energy in households, especially in temperate and cold climates. In South Africa, where hot water is typically provided by electric resistance storage tank water heaters (geysers), water heating energy consumption exceeds cooking, refrigeration, and lighting to be the most consumptive single electric appliance in the home. A recent analysis for the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) performed by the authors estimated that standing losses from electric geysers contributed over 1,000 kWh to the annual electricity bill for South African households that used them. In order to reduce this burden, the South African government is currently pursuing a programme of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labelling (EES&L) for electric appliances, including geysers. In addition, Eskom has a history of promoting heat pump water heaters (HPWH) through incentive programs, which can further reduce energy consumption. This paper provides a survey of international electric storage water heater test procedures and efficiency metrics which can serve as a reference for comparison with proposed geyser standards and ratings in South Africa. Additionally it provides a sample of efficiency technologies employed to improve the efficiency of electric storage water heaters, and outlines programs to promote adoption of improved efficiency. Finally, it surveys current programs used to promote HPWH and considers the potential for this technology to address peak demand more effectively than reduction of standby losses alone

Johnson, Alissa; Lutz, James; McNeil, Michael A.; Covary, Theo

2013-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

94

Regional terrestrial water storage change and evapotranspiration from terrestrial and atmospheric water balance computations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

like to thank Illinois State Water Survey for providing thecollected by the Illinois State Water Survey (ISWS) fromSurface water balance of the continental United States,

Yeh, Pat J.-F.; Famiglietti, J. S

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Economical Analysis of a Groundwater Source Heat Pump with Water Thermal Storage System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper is based on a chilled and heat source for the building which has a total area of 140000m2 in the suburb of Beijing. By comparing the groundwater source heat pump of water thermal storage (GHPWTS) with a conventional chilled and heat source...

Zhou, Z.; Xu, W.; Li, J.; Zhao, J.; Niu, L.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

The energy smart pools computer program  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department Of Energy has developed the Energy Smart Pools computer program as part of its Reducing Swimming Pool Energy Costs initiative. With a minimum of input data, the user friendly software can provide a reasonable, unbiased estimate for indoor or outdoor pools of: (1) Annual pool water heating, air heating, and pump and fan motor energy costs. (2) Costs, savings, and payback of adding a pool cover system. (3) Costs, savings, and payback of adding a solar heating system. The program fulfills an important need for owners and service providers of the nations` over 1.5 million heated residential and commercial pools to be able to quickly and easily predict pool energy costs and potential energy conservation measure savings. Program results have been validated against recent pool research studies, actual pool utility bills, and other simulation results. Results should in most cases be reliable for investment and design decisions.

Jones, R.; Martin, R.; Gunn, J.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Payette Idaho Pool Energy Conservation Study  

SciTech Connect

Staff at PNNL studied and performed evaluations on the pool facility for energy conservation measures and actions to lower the annual energy costs of the pool complex. PNNL staff analyzed the utility billing data and a number of energy conservation opportunities. Conservation opportunities analyzed include adding pool covers and a solar water heating system, sealing and insulating the building envelope, optimizing the pool schedule, and incorporating several no- or low-cost energy saving recommendations.

Larson, Loren L.; Hillman, Timothy C.; McCullough, Jeffrey J.; Roy, Nicole D.

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Solar heating for indoor community swimming pool  

SciTech Connect

This project demonstrates the application of solar technology to an existing public indoor swimming pool. An application makes use of a new type of solar collector material called SolaRoll. The pool water is cycled through collectors made of the material mounted on the pool's dome roof, reducing reliance on natural gas and fuel oil. Approximately 60% of the energy to heat pool water will be provided. The specific objective of the project is to reduce reliance on natural gas and fuel oil consumption used to heat the community's pool and in so doing provide an example for residential applications.

Not Available

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Environmental Assessment -- Test Area North pool stabilization project update  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Environmental Assessment (EA) is to update the ``Test Area North Pool Stabilization Project`` EA (DOE/EA-1050) and finding of no significant impact (FONSI) issued May 6, 1996. This update analyzes the environmental and health impacts of a drying process for the Three Mile Island (TMI) nuclear reactor core debris canisters now stored underwater in a facility on the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). A drying process was analyzed in the predecision versions of the EA released in 1995 but that particular process was determined to be ineffective and dropped from the EA/FONSI issued May 6, 1996. A new drying process was subsequently developed and is analyzed in Section 2.1.2 of this document. As did the 1996 EA, this update analyzes the environmental and health impacts of removing various radioactive materials from underwater storage, dewatering these materials, constructing a new interim dry storage facility, and transporting and placing the materials into the new facility. Also, as did the 1996 EA, this EA analyzes the removal, treatment and disposal of water from the pool, and placement of the facility into a safe, standby condition. The entire action would take place within the boundaries of the INEEL. The materials are currently stored underwater in the Test Area North (TAN) building 607 pool, the new interim dry storage facility would be constructed at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP) which is about 25 miles south of TAN.

NONE

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Draft environmental assessment -- Test Area North pool stabilization project update  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Environmental Assessment (EA) is to update the ``Test Area North Pool Stabilization Project`` EA (DOE/EA-1050) and finding of no significant impact (FONSI) issued May 6, 1996. This update analyzes the environmental and health impacts of a drying process for the Three Mile Island (TMI) nuclear reactor core debris canisters now stored underwater in a facility on the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). A drying process was analyzed in the predecision versions of the EA released in 1995 but that particular process was determined to be ineffective and dropped form the Ea/FONSI issued May 6, 1996. The origin and nature of the TMI core debris and the proposed drying process are described and analyzed in detail in this EA. As did the 1996 EA, this update analyzes the environmental and health impacts of removing various radioactive materials from underwater storage, dewatering these materials, constructing a new interim dry storage facility, and transporting and placing the materials into the new facility. Also, as did the 1996 EA, this EA analyzes the removal, treatment and disposal of water from the pool, and placement of the facility into a safe, standby condition. The entire action would take place within the boundaries of the INEEL. The materials are currently stored underwater in the Test Area North (TAN) building 607 pool, the new interim dry storage facility would be constructed at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP) which is about 25 miles south of TAN.

NONE

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pool storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Gravity effect of water storage changes in a weathered hard-rock aquifer in West Africa: results from joint absolute gravity, hydrological monitoring and geophysical prospection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......and deformation responses on a spherical non-rotating...continental water storage within a range of...the lack of higher frequency gravity data sampling...specific yield and storage change in an unconfined...Combined analysis of energy and water balances...al. Land water storage changes from ground......

Basile Hector; Luc Sguis; Jacques Hinderer; Marc Descloitres; Jean-Michel Vouillamoz; Maxime Wubda; Jean-Paul Boy; Bernard Luck; Nicolas Le Moigne

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL STORAGE BASIN WATER CHEMISTRY: ELECTROCHEMICAL EVALUATION OF ALUMINUM CORROSION  

SciTech Connect

The factors affecting the optimal water chemistry of the Savannah River Site spent fuel storage basin must be determines in order to optimize facility efficiency, minimize fuel corrosion, and reduce overall environmental impact from long term spent nuclear fuel storage at the Savannah River Site. The Savannah River National Laboratory is using statistically designed experiments to study the effects of NO{sub 3}{sup -}, SO{sub 4}{sup 2-}, and Cl{sup -} concentrations on alloys commonly used not only as fuel cladding, but also as rack construction materials The results of cyclic polarization pitting and corrosion experiments on samples of Al 6061 and 1100 alloys will be used to construct a predictive model of the basin corrosion and its dependence on the species in the basin. The basin chemistry model and corrosion will be discussed in terms of optimized water chemistry envelope and minimization of cladding corrosion.

Hathcock, D

2007-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

103

Managing Swimming Pool Temperature for Energy Efficiency | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Managing Swimming Pool Temperature for Energy Efficiency Managing Swimming Pool Temperature for Energy Efficiency Managing Swimming Pool Temperature for Energy Efficiency May 29, 2012 - 7:42pm Addthis Managing Swimming Pool Temperature for Energy Efficiency What does this mean for me? The temperature you keep your pool affects the pool heater size as well as your operating costs. Turn the temperature down or turn off the heater when your pool won't be used for several days. The water temperature you desire for your swimming pool not only affects the size of the pool's heater, but also your heating costs if use a gas or heat pump pool heater. Pool water temperatures typically range from 78ºF to 82ºF. The American Red Cross recommends a temperature of 78ºF for competitive swimming. This coincides with good fuel savings. However, this may be too cool for young

104

Performance of a solid oxide fuel cell CHP system coupled with a hot water storage tank for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Performance of a solid oxide fuel cell CHP system coupled with a hot water storage tank for single storage tank is studied. Thermal stratification in the tank increases the heat recovery performance of the residence. Two fuels are considered, namely syngas and natural gas. The tank model considers the temperature

Berning, Torsten

105

Global Evaluation of the ISBA-TRIP Continental Hydrological System. Part I: Comparison to GRACE Terrestrial Water Storage Estimates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In earth system models, the partitioning of precipitation among the variations of continental water storage climate system sim- ulated by earth system models (ESMs). The continental freshwater reservoirs represent

Ribes, Aurélien

106

TEX-A-SYST: Reducing the Risk of Ground Water Contamination by Improving Livestock Manure Storage and Treatment Facilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Improperly managed manure can contaminate both ground and surface water. Storing manure allows producers to spread it when crops can best use the nutrients. This publication explains safe methods of manure storage, as well as specifics about safe...

Harris, Bill L.; Hoffman, D.; Mazac Jr., F. J.

1997-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

107

Determination of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHS) at the Low ng/l Level in the Biesbosch Water Storage Reservoirs (NETH.) for the Study of the Degradation of Chemicals in Surface Waters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The concentrations of six polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in water of the storage reservoirs of the Dutch...

N. Van Den Hoed; Ms M. T. H. Halmans

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Case Study of Stratified Chilled Water Storage Utilization for Comfort and Process Cooling in a Hot, Humid Climate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the system and its operation is followed by presentation of operating data taken during 1997. INTRODUCTION Chilled water thermal energy storage ('TES) in naturally stratified tanks has been shown to be a valuable central cooling plant load management... and humid environment and presents new data on the performance of a large stratified chilled water storage tank. Figure 1. Plant Schematic. SITE The case study site is the Dallas, TX world headquarters of a major semiconductor manufacturer. The 6...

Bahnfleth, W. P.; Musser, A.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Categorization of failed and damaged spent LWR (light-water reactor) fuel currently in storage  

SciTech Connect

The results of a study that was jointly sponsored by the US Department of Energy and the Electric Power Research Institute are described in this report. The purpose of the study was to (1) estimate the number of failed fuel assemblies and damaged fuel assemblies (i.e., ones that have sustained mechanical or chemical damage but with fuel rod cladding that is not breached) in storage, (2) categorize those fuel assemblies, and (3) prepare this report as an authoritative, illustrated source of information on such fuel. Among the more than 45,975 spent light-water reactor fuel assemblies currently in storage in the United States, it appears that there are nearly 5000 failed or damaged fuel assemblies. 78 refs., 23 figs., 19 tabs.

Bailey, W.J.

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Emerging issues on degradation by-products deriving from personal care products and pharmaceuticals during disinfection processes of water used in swimming pools  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The use of disinfection substances in the sanitation and disinfection processes of artificial water used for sports amenities and swimming pools has recently raised some serious concerns. Recreational Water Illnesses (RWIs) can put at serious risk the health of bathers and swimmers due to adverse effects caused by the use of disinfection chemicals, such as chlorine, chloramine, ozone and UV radiation, as well as their by-products. Remarkable documented evidence is available on the impact of Disinfection By-Products (DBPs), such as chloroform and other trihalomethanes, haloacetic acids and chlorophenols, deriving from the oxidation of common organic pollutants dissolved in raw, drinking, waste and artificial waters. Appropriate countermeasures, aimed at avoiding bathers' exposures to these chemicals, have been developed and adopted in public and private structures, also through important scientific contributions and technical provisions issued by the WHO and some national health authorities. On the other hand, it has been demonstrated that high reactive disinfection agents may transform other undesirable chemicals released by bathers, namely pharmaceuticals, sunscreens and other Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products (PPCPs) into chlorinated and oxidized compounds and nitrosamine precursors. The first symptoms of potentially adverse health effects on human subjects of these largely unknown by-products should be adequately taken into consideration and investigated.

Paola Bottoni; Lucia Bonadonna; Mattea Chirico; Sergio Caroli; Gyula Zray

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Experimental investigation of the night heat losses of hot water storage tanks in thermosyphon solar water heaters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effects of night heat losses on the performance of thermosyphon solar water heaters have been experimentally examined. Three typical thermosyphon solar water heating systems with different storage tank sizes were tested by utilising the method suggested by ISO 9459-2:95. The results were analysed to quantify the night heat losses and to investigate the effect that these may have on the system daily performance. Analysis of the results showed that a linear behavior of the heat losses with the night mean ambient temperature exists. The correlation coefficients of the linearity for the three systems under consideration range from 0.93 to 0.97 with the losses reaching almost 8000 kJ at a mean ambient air temperature of 10 C. This value represents a significant percentage of the daily collected energy making the night losses one of the most important sources of energy loss in thermosyphonic systems.

Ioannis Michaelides; Polyvios Eleftheriou; George A. Siamas; George Roditis; Paraskevas Kyriacou

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Reuse of Produced Water from CO2 Enhanced Oil Recovery, Coal-Bed Methane, and Mine Pool Water by Coal-Based Power Plants: ProMIS/Project No.: DE-NT0005343  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

seyed Dastgheib seyed Dastgheib Principal Investigator Illinois State Geological Survey 615 E. Peabody Drive Champaign, Illinois 61820-6235 217-265-6274 dastgheib@isgs.uius.edu Reuse of PRoduced WateR fRom co 2 enhanced oil RecoveRy, coal-Bed methane, and mine Pool WateR By coal-Based PoWeR Plants: PRomis /PRoject no. : de-nt0005343 Background Coal-fired power plants are the second largest users of freshwater in the United States. In Illinois, the thermoelectric power sector accounts for approximately 84 percent of the estimated 14 billion gallons per day of freshwater withdrawals and one-third of the state's 1 billion gallons per day of freshwater consumption. Illinois electric power generation capacity is projected to expand 30 percent by 2030, increasing water consumption by

113

Conservation and Management of Vernal Pools/Temporary Wetlands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

10/18/2011 1 Conservation and Management of Vernal Pools/Temporary Wetlands Katherine E. Edwards astatic waters · Geographically isolated wetlands · Vernal pools · Specifics- Carolina Bays, Karst ponds adjacent water bodies ­ hydrologically connected by groundwater ­ BUT pools DO NOT have continuous surface

Gray, Matthew

114

Combined cooling and purification system for nuclear reactor spent fuel pit, refueling cavity, and refueling water storage tank  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The spent fuel pit of a pressured water reactor (PWR) nuclear power plant has sufficient coolant capacity that a safety rated cooling system is not required. A non-safety rated combined cooling and purification system with redundant branches selectively provides simultaneously cooling and purification for the spent fuel pit, the refueling cavity, and the refueling water storage tank, and transfers coolant from the refueling water storage tank to the refueling cavity without it passing through the reactor core. Skimmers on the suction piping of the combined cooling and purification system eliminate the need for separate skimmer circuits with dedicated pumps.

Corletti, Michael M. (New Kensington, PA); Lau, Louis K. (Monroeville, PA); Schulz, Terry L. (Murrysville Boro, PA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Improved temperature regulation of process water systems for the APS storage ring.  

SciTech Connect

Beam stability and operational reliability of critical mechanical systems are key performance issues for synchrotron accelerators such as the Advanced Photon Source (APS). Stability is influenced by temperature fluctuations of the process water (PW) used for cooling and/or temperature conditioning storage ring (SR) components such as vacuum chambers, magnets, absorbers, etc. Operational reliability is crucial in maintaining facility beam operations and remaining within downtime ''budgets.'' Water systems for the APS storage ring were originally provided with a distributive control system (DCS) capable of regulation to {+-}1.0 F, as specified by facility design requirements. After several years of operation, a particular mode of component mortality indicated a need for upgrade of the temperature control system. The upgrade that was implemented was chosen for both improved component reliability and temperature stability (now on the order of {+-}0.2 F for copper components and {+-}0.05 F for aluminum components). The design employs a network of programmable logic controllers (PLCs) for temperature control that functions under supervision of the existing DCS. The human-machine interface (HMI) of the PLC system employs RSView32 software. The PLC system also interfaces with the EPICS accelerator control system to provide monitoring of temperature control parameters. Eventual supervision of the PLC system by EPICS is possible with this design.

Putnam, C.; Dortwegt, R.

2002-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

116

Temporal and Spatial Patterns of Eukaryotic and Bacterial Communities Found in Vernal Pools  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...northern Ohio temporary pools along gradients of...A. 2004. Vernal pools: natural history and conservation. The McDonald and...Acidity and associated water chemistry of amphibian...anthropogenic temporary pools in managed forests...

Sarah R. Carrino-Kyker; Andrew K. Swanson

2008-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

117

Klamath Swimming Pools (5) Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Klamath Swimming Pools (5) Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Klamath...

118

Reuse of Produced Water from CO2 Enhanced Oil Recovery, Coal-Bed Methane, and Mine Pool Water by Coal-Based Power Plants  

SciTech Connect

Power generation in the Illinois Basin is expected to increase by as much as 30% by the year 2030, and this would increase the cooling water consumption in the region by approximately 40%. This project investigated the potential use of produced water from CO{sub 2} enhanced oil recovery (CO{sub 2}-EOR) operations; coal-bed methane (CBM) recovery; and active and abandoned underground coal mines for power plant cooling in the Illinois Basin. Specific objectives of this project were: (1) to characterize the quantity, quality, and geographic distribution of produced water in the Illinois Basin; (2) to evaluate treatment options so that produced water may be used beneficially at power plants; and (3) to perform a techno-economic analysis of the treatment and transportation of produced water to thermoelectric power plants in the Illinois Basin. Current produced water availability within the basin is not large, but potential flow rates up to 257 million liters per day (68 million gallons per day (MGD)) are possible if CO{sub 2}-enhanced oil recovery and coal bed methane recovery are implemented on a large scale. Produced water samples taken during the project tend to have dissolved solids concentrations between 10 and 100 g/L, and water from coal beds tends to have lower TDS values than water from oil fields. Current pretreatment and desalination technologies including filtration, adsorption, reverse osmosis (RO), and distillation can be used to treat produced water to a high quality level, with estimated costs ranging from $2.6 to $10.5 per cubic meter ($10 to $40 per 1000 gallons). Because of the distances between produced water sources and power plants, transportation costs tend to be greater than treatment costs. An optimization algorithm was developed to determine the lowest cost pipe network connecting sources and sinks. Total water costs increased with flow rate up to 26 million liters per day (7 MGD), and the range was from $4 to $16 per cubic meter ($15 to $60 per 1000 gallons), with treatment costs accounting for 13 ?? 23% of the overall cost. Results from this project suggest that produced water is a potential large source of cooling water, but treatment and transportation costs for this water are large.

Chad Knutson; Seyed Dastgheib; Yaning Yang; Ali Ashraf; Cole Duckworth; Priscilla Sinata; Ivan Sugiyono; Mark Shannon; Charles Werth

2012-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

119

Efficient, sustainable production of molecular hydrogen -a promising alternative to batteries in terms of energy storage -is still an unsolved problem. Implementation of direct water splitting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in terms of energy storage - is still an unsolved problem. Implementation of direct water splitting usingEfficient, sustainable production of molecular hydrogen - a promising alternative to batteries

Ku?el, Petr

120

Deployable Swimming Pool Enclosures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Deployable enclosures for indoor swimming pools facilities are a common need nowadays. Swimming, a common sport activity concerning overall physical ... climate, especially in cold and windy weather. Swimming pool

E. Karni

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pool storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Swimming Pool Worker Dermatoses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Swimming-pool cleaners are a population conspicuously absent from ... occupational skin disease. On a daily basis, pool cleaners handle a variety of chemicals that ... skin. The aquatic environment with which the...

D. E. Cohen; E. Wolff

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Common marginal cold pools  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study examines marginal cold pools forming in a shallow valley. Marginal refers to cold pools that are generally weak and intermittent. Nineteen stations were instrumented with sonic anemometers and accurate slow-response temperature ...

L. Mahrt; Robert Heald

123

Chilled Water Storage System and Demand Response at the University of California at Merced  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

53E 53E Chilled Water Storage System and Demand Response at the University of California at Merced J. Granderson, J.H. Dudley, S. Kiliccote, M.A. Piette Environmental Energy Technologies Division September 2009 Presented at the 9 th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Austin, TX, November 17-18, 2009, and published in the Proceedings DISCLAIMER This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information,

124

Lightweight concrete materials and structural systems for water tanks for thermal storage. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Thermally efficient hot water storage tanks were designed, fabricated and evaluated. The tanks were made using cellular concrete at a nominal density of 100 lb/ft/sup 3/ for the structural elements and at a 30 lb/ft/sup 3/ density for the insulating elements. Thermal performance testing of the tanks was done using a static decay test since the test procedure specified in ASHRAE 94-77 was not experimentally practical. A series of composition modifications to the cellular concrete mix were investigated and the addition of alkaline resistant glass fibers was found to enhance the mechanical properties at no sacrifice in thermal behavior. Economic analysis indicated that cellular concrete provides a cost-effective insulating material. The total portability of the plant for producing cellular concrete makes cellular concrete amenable to on-site fabrication and uniquely adaptable to retrofit applications.

Buckman, R.W. Jr.; Elia, G.G.; Ichikawa, Y.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Low-temperature rupture behavior of Zircaloy-clad pressurized water reactor spent fuel rods under dry storage conditions  

SciTech Connect

Creep rupture studies on five well-characterized Zircaloy-clad pressurized water reactor spent fuel rods, which were pressurized to a hoop stress of about145 MPa, were conducted for up to 2101 h at 323/sup 0/C. The conditions were chosen for limited annealing of in-reactor irradiation hardening. No cladding breaches occurred, although significant hydride agglomeration and reorientation took place in rods that cooled under stress. Observations are interpreted in terms of a conservatively modified Larson-Miller curve to provide a lower bound on permissible maximum dry-storage temperatures, assuming creep rupture as the life-limiting mechanism. If hydride reorientation can be ruled out during dry storage, 305/sup 0/C is a conservative lower bound, based on the creep-rupture mechanism, for the maximum storage temperature of rods with irradiation-hardened cladding to ensure a 100-yr cladding lifetime in an inert atmosphere. An oxidizing atmosphere reduced the lower bound on the maximum permissible storage temperature by about5/sup 0/C. While this lower bound is based on whole-rod data, other types of data on spent fuel behavior in dry storage might support a higher limit. This isothermal temperature limit does not take credit for the decreasing rod temperature during dry storage. High-temperature tests based on creep rupture as the limiting mechanism indicate that storage at temperatures between 400 and 440/sup 0/C may be feasible for rods that are annealed.

Einsiger, R.E.; Kohli, R.

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Water Heating | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Water Heating Water Heating Water Heating Infographic: Water Heaters 101 Everything you need to know about saving money on water heating costs Read more Selecting a New Water Heater Tankless? Storage? Solar? Save money on your water heating bill by choosing the right type of energy-efficient water heater for your needs. Read more Sizing a New Water Heater When buying a new water heater, bigger is not always better. Learn how to buy the right size of water heater. Read more You can reduce your monthly water heating bills by selecting the appropriate water heater for your home or pool and by using some energy-efficient water heating strategies. Some simple do-it-yourself projects, like insulating hot water pipes and lowering your water heating temperature, can also help you save money and energy on your water heating.

127

NETL: Carbon Storage - Geologic Storage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Geologic Storage Geologic Storage Carbon Storage Geologic Storage Focus Area Geologiccarbon dioxide (CO2) storage involves the injection of supercritical CO2 into deep geologic formations (injection zones) overlain by competent sealing formations and geologic traps that will prevent the CO2 from escaping. Current research and field studies are focused on developing better understanding 11 major types of geologic storage reservoir classes, each having their own unique opportunities and challenges. Understanding these different storage classes provides insight into how the systems influence fluids flow within these systems today, and how CO2 in geologic storage would be anticipated to flow in the future. The different storage formation classes include: deltaic, coal/shale, fluvial, alluvial, strandplain, turbidite, eolian, lacustrine, clastic shelf, carbonate shallow shelf, and reef. Basaltic interflow zones are also being considered as potential reservoirs. These storage reservoirs contain fluids that may include natural gas, oil, or saline water; any of which may impact CO2 storage differently. The following summarizes the potential for storage and the challenges related to CO2 storage capability for fluids that may be present in more conventional clastic and carbonate reservoirs (saline water, and oil and gas), as well as unconventional reservoirs (unmineable coal seams, organic-rich shales, and basalts):

128

Solar disinfection of wild Salmonella sp. in natural water with a 18L CPC photoreactor: Detrimental effect of non-sterile storage of treated water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For the first time solar disinfection of liters of water containing wild Salmonella sp. and total coliforms was carried out in a compound parabolic collector (CPC) photoreactor at temperatures of almost 50C. Using surface water with high turbidity, this treatment was efficient in completely inactivating Salmonella sp. without regrowth during the subsequent 72h of dark sterile storage. However if the solar treated water is poured in a non- sterile container, bacteria regrowth occurs even if 10mgL?1 of H2O2 is added before the storage. On the other hand, 30mgL?1 of H2O2 added when the irradiation started was completely depleted within 2 h and did not prevent bacterial regrowth during post-irradiation storage in non-sterile containers, demonstrating that storage of large volumes of water treated by solar irradiation was not optimal. Finally, total coliforms (Escherichia coli included) showed a far higher sensitivity than Salmonella sp. and demonstrated to be an inappropriate indicator for monitoring bacterial contamination in water during solar disinfection processes.

Frdric Sciacca; Julin A. Rengifo-Herrera; Joseph Wth; Csar Pulgarin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Solar pool heaters: The simplest use of active solar energy  

SciTech Connect

Solar pool heating is the most attractive solar water heating market today, because most pool heaters pay back their purchase price in lower utility bills in two to three years. This article describes why solar pool heaters are popular and their design, operation, and return on investment. 1 fig.

Sheinkopf, K. [Florida Solar Energy Center, Cocoa, FL (United States)

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Chiller Start/Stop Optimization for a Campus-wide Chilled Water System with a Thermal Storage Tank Under a Four-Period Electricity Rate Schedule  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The existence of a 1.4-million-gallon chilled water thermal storage tank greatly increases the operational flexibility of a campuswide chilled water system under a four-part electricity rate structure. While significant operational savings can...

Zhou, J.; Wei, G.; Turner, W. D.; Deng, S.; Claridge, D.; Contreras, O.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Dispersive micro-solid phase extraction combined with gas chromatographychemical ionization mass spectrometry for the determination of N-nitrosamines in swimming pool water samples  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A simple sample pretreatment technique, dispersive micro-solid phase extraction, was applied for the extraction of N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) and other four N-nitrosamines (NAs) from samples of swimming pool w...

Ssu-Chieh Fu; Shin-Hwa Tzing; Hsin-Chang Chen

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Water-trickle type solar collector with a massive concrete slab for heat storage and radiation (TMU solar system I)  

SciTech Connect

Experimental results are reported for a simple open type solar collector - a water-trickle type collector - used in combination with a massive concrete slab for energy storage. This relatively low cost system was installed on a typical Japanese house in Yokohama City and measurements were made of the interior temperature. The system showed considerable promise for application in Japan.

Ito, N. (Tokyo Metropolitan Univ., Japan); Matsuda, K.; Ishii, A.; Osawa, H.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

6262 swimming pool [n] (2)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

recr. (Pool for swimmers, frequently one structure with descending... swimming center [US] /swimming centre [UK]; opp. ? wading pool

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

TEX-A-SYST: Reducing the Risk of Ground Water Contamination by Improving Petroleum Product Storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This publication focuses on safe storage of gasoline, diesel, kerosene and liquid heating fuels. It includes information about storage tank location, tank design and installation, tank monitoring, and tank closure....

Harris, Bill L.; Hoffman, D.; Mazac Jr., F. J.; Kantor, A. S.

1997-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

135

Impact of earthen waste storage on nitrate concentration of surface water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One of the major sources of nitrogen is animal waste stored in earthen waste storage or unlined storage ponds. Quantifying seepage and mass transport of ... is the first critical step in estimating the long-term ...

Tasuku Kato; Motoko Shimura

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Using Mobile Phones for Promoting Water Conservation Rahuvaran Pathmanathan1, 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

243 Using Mobile Phones for Promoting Water Conservation Rahuvaran Pathmanathan1, 2 , Jon Pearce2@unimelb.edu.au ABSTRACT We report a design investigation that seeks to help people to conserve water in their homes, and refilling spas and swimming pools. In the Melbourne metropolitan area, for example, the water storage

Pearce, Jon

137

Heat Pump Swimming Pool Heaters | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Swimming Pool Heaters Swimming Pool Heaters Heat Pump Swimming Pool Heaters May 29, 2012 - 1:49pm Addthis How a heat pump works. How a heat pump works. How They Work Heat pumps use electricity to capture heat and move it from one place to another. They don't generate heat. As the pool pump circulates the swimming pool's water, the water drawn from the pool passes through a filter and the heat pump heater. The heat pump heater has a fan that draws in the outside air and directs it over the evaporator coil. Liquid refrigerant within the evaporator coil absorbs the heat from the outside air and becomes a gas. The warm gas in the coil then passes through the compressor. The compressor increases the heat, creating a very hot gas that then passes through the condenser. The condenser transfers the heat from the hot gas to the cooler pool water circulating

138

Combination fence and solar heater for swimming pools  

SciTech Connect

A combination fence and solar heater for swimming pools comprises a fence shaped for extending about the periphery of the pool to restrict ingress and egress therefrom. A tubular heat exchanger is formed in at least one section of the fence, includes an exterior surface adapted to absorb solar energy, and communicates with the water in the swimming pool. The number of heat exchanger fence sections can be varied in accordance with the climate in which the pool is located. A pump flows the water in the swimming pool through the heat exchanger fence sections during daylight hours, thereby simultaneously heating the water in the pool, and providing an attractive and protective safety barrier about the swimming pool.

Divine, D.L.

1981-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

139

AQUIFER THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Zakhidov, 1971. "Storage of Solar Energy in a Sandy-Aquifer Storage of Hot Water from Solar Energy Collectors,"with solar energy systems, aquifer energy storage provides a

Tsang, C.-F.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

AQUIFER THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Zakhidov, 1971. "Storage of Solar Energy in a Sandy-Gravelwith solar energy systems, aquifer energy storage provides aAquifer Storage of Hot Water from Solar Energy Collectors,"

Tsang, C.-F.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pool storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Drowning in swimming pools  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Although fatal drowning rarely occurs in swimming pools, this event has a very grave impact on the swimming pool employees, notably when they have been directly involved in the rescue and resuscitation. At the same time, very little data is available on the incidence, causes and outcome of pool drowning. It is important that pool lifeguards understand that a cardiac arrest after drowning is different from the primary cardiac arrest due to an infarction or ventricular fibrillation and that oxygen is the most vital aspect of the resuscitation measures. The use of a pool safety plan and the implementation of a checklist, training in realistic pool-related resuscitation scenarios and record keeping of accidents and near-accidents may be helpful to be better prepared for a drowning incident.

Joost Bierens; Andrea Scapigliati

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Maximizing Gross Margin of a Pumped Storage Hydroelectric Facility Under Uncertainty in Price and Water Inflow.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The operation of a pumped storage hydroelectric facility is subject to uncertainty. This is especially true in todays energy markets. Published models to achieve optimal (more)

Ikudo, Akina

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Conserving pool-breeding amphibians in human-dominated landscapes through local implementation of Best Development Practices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Seasonal forest pools in the northeastern USA are unique ecosystems ... coupled with their small size and ephemeral surface water, has made conservation of pool resources challenging. Seasonal pools provide optim...

Aram J. K. Calhoun; Nicholas A. Miller

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Design of dual column water purification system for industrial gamma irradiator based of PUROLITE resins  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract When gamma irradiators are not in use, they have to be stored in nuclear grade water pool. This water serves as shielding and the medium for the removal of generated heat. To prevent corrosion damage to the gamma source and other equipment a purification system controls the water quality. Also, this system serves as the make-up water system for supplies and maintains the de-ionized water level in the gamma source storage pool. In this paper, the design of the dual system for purification and make-up water for optimal water supply and its chemical parameters in the gamma source storage pool is presented. For this purpose, the characteristics of activated carbon purifier, anionic and cationic demineralizers have been determined. Aerb Safety Standard, Purolite Ion Exchange Design Code and Canadian Water Refining Company Manual have been used to design IR-136 gamma irradiator storage pool purification and make-up water system. The main objective of the design is to maintain water purity throughout the storage time.

Reza Gholizadeh Aghoyeh; Hossein Khalafi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Low-temperature rupture behavior of Zircaloy clad pressurized water reactor spent fuel rods under dry storage conditions  

SciTech Connect

Creep rupture studies on five well-characterized Zircaloy clad pressurized water reactor spent fuel rods, which were pressurized to a hoop stress of approximately 145 MPa, were conducted for up to 2101 h at 323/sup 0/C. The conditions were chosen for limited annealing of in-reactor irradiation-hardening. No cladding breaches occurred, although significant hydride agglomeration and reorientation took place in rods that cooled under stress. Observations are interpreted in terms of a conservatively modified Larson-Miller curve to provide a lower bound on permissible maximum dry-storage temperatures, assuming creep rupture as the life-limiting mechanism. If hydride reorientation can be ruled out during dry storage, 305/sup 0/C is a conservative lower bound, based on the creep rupture mechanism, for the maximum storage temperature of rods with irradiation hardened cladding to ensure a 100-year cladding lifetime in an inert atmosphere. An oxidizing atmosphere reduces the lower bound on the maximum permissible storage temperature by approx. 5/sup 0/C. While high-temperature tests based on creep rupture as the limiting mechanism indicate that storage at temperatures between 400/sup 0/C and 440/sup 0/C may be feasible for rods which are annealed, tests to study rod performance in the 305/sup 0/ to 400/sup 0/C temperature range have not been conducted. 37 references, 10 figures, 7 tables.

Einziger, R.E.; Kohli, R.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Mudpots, Mud Pools, or Mud Volcanoes | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mudpots, Mud Pools, or Mud Volcanoes Mudpots, Mud Pools, or Mud Volcanoes Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Mudpots, Mud Pools, or Mud Volcanoes Dictionary.png Mudpots, Mud Pools, or Mud Volcanoes: A kind of hot spring or fumarole with limited water causing a bubbling pool with a consistency of mud or clay. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Modern Geothermal Features Typical list of modern geothermal features Hot Springs Fumaroles Warm or Steaming Ground Mudpots, Mud Pools, or Mud Volcanoes Geysers Blind Geothermal System Mudpot in Yellowstone National Park(reference: nps.gov) Mudpots and mud pools are actually hot springs or fumaroles with limited amounts of water but a lot of clay from surrounding rock and soil causing a boiling slurry. Not to be confused with mud volcanoes, which are the

147

Spent-fuel pool thermal hydraulics: The evaporation question  

SciTech Connect

Many nuclear power plants are currently using dense fuel arrangements that increase the number of spent fuel elements stored in their spent-fuel pools (SFPs). The denser spent-fuel storage results in higher water temperatures, especially when certain event scenarios are analyzed. In some of these event scenarios, it is conservative to maximize the evaporation rate, while in other circumstances it is required to minimize the evaporation rates for conservatism. Evaporation is such a fundamental phenomenon that many branches of engineering developed various equations based on theory and experiments. The evaporation rates predicted by existing equations present a wide range of variation, especially at water temperatures >40{degrees}C. Furthermore, a study on which equations provide the highest and lowest evaporation rates has not been done until now. This study explores the sensitivity of existing evaporation equations to various parameters and recommends the limiting evaporation equations for use in the solution of SFP thermal problems. Note that the results of this study may be applicable to a much wider range of applications from irrigation ponds, cooling lakes, and liquid-waste management to calculating adequate air exchange rate for swimming pools and health spas.

Yilmaz, T.P. [Belcan Services, Lombard, IL (United States); Lai, J.C. [Public Service Electric & Gas Co., Berwick, PA (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

148

Gigawatt-year nuclear-geothermal energy storage for light-water and high-temperature reactors  

SciTech Connect

Capital-intensive, low-operating cost nuclear plants are most economical when operated under base-load conditions. However, electricity demand varies on a daily, weekly, and seasonal basis. In deregulated utility markets this implies high prices for electricity at times of high electricity demand and low prices for electricity at times of low electricity demand. We examined coupling nuclear heat sources to geothermal heat storage systems to enable these power sources to meet hourly to seasonal variable electricity demand. At times of low electricity demand the reactor heats a fluid that is then injected a kilometer or more underground to heat rock to high temperatures. The fluid travels through the permeable-rock heat-storage zone, transfers heat to the rock, is returned to the surface to be reheated, and re-injected underground. At times of high electricity demand the cycle is reversed, heat is extracted, and the heat is used to power a geothermal power plant to produce intermediate or peak power. When coupling geothermal heat storage with light-water reactors (LWRs), pressurized water (<300 deg. C) is the preferred heat transfer fluid. When coupling geothermal heat storage with high temperature reactors at higher temperatures, supercritical carbon dioxide is the preferred heat transfer fluid. The non-ideal characteristics of supercritical carbon dioxide create the potential for efficient coupling with supercritical carbon dioxide power cycles. Underground rock cannot be insulated, thus small heat storage systems with high surface to volume ratios are not feasible because of excessive heat losses. The minimum heat storage capacity to enable seasonal storage is {approx}0.1 Gigawatt-year. Three technologies can create the required permeable rock: (1) hydro-fracture, (2) cave-block mining, and (3) selective rock dissolution. The economic assessments indicated a potentially competitive system for production of intermediate load electricity. The basis for a nuclear geothermal system with LWRs exists today; but, there is need for added research and development before deployment. There are significantly greater challenges for geothermal heat storage at higher temperatures. Such systems are strongly dependent upon the local geology. (authors)

Forsberg, C. W.; Lee, Y.; Kulhanek, M.; Driscoll, M. J. [Massachusetts Inst. of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139-4307 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Experience with solar systems for heating swimming pools in Germany  

SciTech Connect

The results of the demonstration programme [open quotes]Efficient Use of Energy in Swimming Pool Construction[close quotes] has had a positive effect on the dissipation of solar systems for swimming pools. Infrared measurements show how a homogeneous flow can be achieved in the absorber field. The fact that solar systems are acceptable can be clearly in evidence that the behaviour of visitors to purely solar-heated pools with variable water temperature does not differ in principle from conventionally-heated pools with constant temperature. Economic considerations of the operation show that swimming pool solar systems are competitive with conventional heating systems.

Croy, R.; Peuser, F.A. (Zentralstelle fuer Solartechnik, Hilden (Germany))

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Homestead Crater Scuba Dive Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Homestead Crater Scuba Dive Pool Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Midway, Utah Coordinates 40.5121772, -111.4743545 Show Map Loading map......

151

The effects of an intermittent piped water network and storage practices on household water quality in Tamale, Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The United Nations Millennium Development Goals include a target to halve the number of people without access to "improved" water sources, which include piped water supply. However, an "improved" source of water does not ...

Vacs Renwick, Deborah Alexandra

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

CIP-Pool-Name: Vertragsnummer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CIP-Pool-Name: Laufzeit: Vertragsnummer: Interne Felder zur Bearbeitung durch das RRZE. Diese: ........................................................................................................................................................... Ort des CIP-Pools: .................................................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................................................. Zusatzvereinbarungen gem. Anlage: ja nein Kosten derzeit, Stand 01.04.2010 (Kostengruppe I) · CIP-Pool-Betreuung: 42

Fiebig, Peter

153

Rainwater harvesting systems that collect and convey rain-water from roofs to storage tanks are often the best or only  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tanks are often the best or only source of water for many communities in the developing world. A common are swept into the storage tank along with the rainwater. While some systems divert the "first flush into gutters, through a series of pipes and into storage tanks. Three rainwater harvesting systems

Polz, Martin

154

Apparent shape of a swimming pool  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The apparent depth of a pool depends on the angle between the normal to the pool surface and the ray that reaches the observers eye. For small angles the ratio of apparent to actual depth is 1 / n where n is the index of refraction of the water. As the angle increases the image of a point on the bottom becomes astigmatic giving rise to two principal images. For both images the apparent depth becomes smaller as the angle becomes larger. I show that the appearance of a typical gymnasium pool is significantly different depending on whether the observer is standing at the shallow or the deep end of the pool. In either case one of the principal astigmatic images will be much more apparent than the other.

Kenneth S. Mendelson

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Reaction of Aluminum with Water to Produce Hydrogen: A Study of Issues Related to the Use of Aluminum for On-Board Vehicular Hydrogen Storage. Version 2, 2010.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Produced in 2008 by DOE and updated in 2010, this report focuses on the key issues as well as advantages and disadvantages associated with using the reaction between aluminum metal and water for on-board vehicular hydrogen storage.

156

Thermal energy storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Various types of thermal stares for solar systems are surveyed which include: long-term water stores for solar systems; ground storage using soil as an interseasonal energy store; ground-water aquifers; pebble or rock bed storage; phase change storage; solar ponds; high temperature storage; and cold stores for solar air conditioning system. The use of mathematical models for analysis of the storage systems is considered

W.E.J. Neal

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Water preheater system  

SciTech Connect

A heat transfer liquid collects heat in a solar collector and transfers the heat to water in a preheater heat exchanger. Use of a negative-pressure collector by means of an ejector and pressure relief valve allows inexpensive and readily available materials to be used in the collector. Preferably, the preheat heat exchanger is a converted gas hot water heater in which the heat transfer liquid is sprayed onto a portion of the storage tank and is collected in a reservoir. The negative-pressure solar collector can also be used to heat swimming pool water.

Dunstan, Ph.E.

1985-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

158

Disinfection byproducts in swimming pool: Occurrences, implications and future needs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Disinfection of swimming pool water is essential to deactivate pathogenic microorganisms. Many swimming pools apply chlorine or bromine based disinfectants to prevent microbial growth. The chlorinated swimming pool water contains higher chlorine residual and is maintained at a higher temperature than a typical drinking water distribution system. It constitutes environments with high levels of disinfection by-products (DBPs) in water and air as a consequence of continuous disinfection and constant organic loading from the bathers. Exposure to those \\{DBPs\\} is inevitable for any bather or trainer, while such exposures can have elevated risks to human health. To date, over 70 peer-reviewed publications have reported various aspects of swimming pool, including types and quantities of DBPs, organic loads from bathers, factors affecting \\{DBPs\\} formation in swimming pool, human exposure and their potential risks. This paper aims to review the state of research on swimming pool including with the focus of \\{DBPs\\} in swimming pools, understand their types and variability, possible health effects and analyze the factors responsible for the formation of various \\{DBPs\\} in a swimming pool. The study identifies the current challenges and future research needs to minimize \\{DBPs\\} formation in a swimming pool and their consequent negative effects to bathers and trainers.

Shakhawat Chowdhury; Khalid Alhooshani; Tanju Karanfil

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF) Project Acceptance Criteria for Light Water Reactor Spent Fuel Storage System [OCRWM PER REV2  

SciTech Connect

As part of the decommissioning of the 324 Building Radiochemical Engineering Cells there is a need to remove commercial Light Water Reactor (LWR) spent nuclear fuel (SNF) presently stored in these hot cells. To enable fuel removal from the hot cells, the commercial LWR SNF will be packaged and shipped to the 200 Area Interim Storage Area (ISA) in a manner that satisfies site requirements for SNF interim storage. This document identifies the criteria that the 324 Building Radiochemical Engineering Cell Clean-out Project must satisfy for acceptance of the LWR SNF by the SNF Project at the 200 Area ISA. In addition to the acceptance criteria identified herein, acceptance is contingent on adherence to applicable Project Hanford Management Contract requirements and procedures in place at the time of work execution.

JOHNSON, D.M.

2000-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

160

Definition: Mudpots, Mud Pools, or Mud Volcanoes | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Mudpots, Mud Pools, or Mud Volcanoes Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Mudpots, Mud Pools, or Mud Volcanoes A kind of hot spring or fumarole with limited water causing a bubbling pool with a consistency of mud or clay. View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A mudpot - or mud pool - is a sort of acidic hot spring, or fumarole, with limited water. It usually takes the form of a pool of bubbling mud. The acid and microorganisms decompose surrounding rock into clay and mud. Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Mudpots,_Mud_Pools,_or_Mud_Volcanoes&oldid=684824" Category:

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pool storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

REGULAR ARTICLE Small-scale variability in water storage and plant available  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

domain reflectometry, neutron thermalization and gamma ray densitometry. Changes in water content were

Schwinning, Susan - Department of Biology, Texas State University

162

Performance investigation of thermal energy storage system with Phase Change Material (PCM) for solar water heating application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In order to harvest solar energy, thermal energy storage (TES) system with Phase Change Material (PCM) has been receiving greater attention because of its large energy storage capacity and isothermal behavior during charging and discharging processes. In the present experimental study, shell and tube TES system using paraffin wax was used in a water heating system to analyze its performance for solar water heating application. Energy and exergy including their cost analyses for the TES system were performed. Accordingly, total life cycle cost was calculated for different flow rates of the Heat Transfer Fluid (HTF). With 0.033kg/min and 0.167kg/min flow rates of water as HTF, energy efficiencies experienced were 63.88% and 77.41%, respectively, but in exergy analysis, efficiencies were observed to be about 9.58% and 6.02%, respectively. Besides, the total life cycle cost was predicted to be $ 654.61 for 0.033kg/min flow rate, which could be reduced to $ 609.22 by increasing the flow rate to 0.167kg/min. Therefore it can be summarized that total life cycle cost decreases with the increase of flow rate.

M.H. Mahfuz; M.R. Anisur; M.A. Kibria; R. Saidur; I.H.S.C. Metselaar

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Determination of biogeographical range: an application of molecular phylogeography to the European pool frog Rana lessonae  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...introduced. The pool frog (Rana lessonae...deciding local conservation priorities and...eradication. The pool frog Rana lessonae...lessonae and another water frog Rana ridibunda...genetic diversity of pool frogs descended...also be of use in conservation biology. We thank...comments and Anglian Water, English Nature...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Test Area North Pool Stabilization Project: Environmental assessment  

SciTech Connect

The Test Area North (TAN) Pool is located within the fenced TAN facility boundaries on the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The TAN pool stores 344 canisters of core debris from the March, 1979, Three Mile Island (TMI) Unit 2 reactor accident; fuel assemblies from Loss-of-Fluid Tests (LOFT); and Government-owned commercial fuel rods and assemblies. The LOFT and government owned commercial fuel rods and assemblies are hereafter referred to collectively as {open_quotes}commercial fuels{close_quotes} except where distinction between the two is important to the analysis. DOE proposes to remove the canisters of TMI core debris and commercial fuels from the TAN Pool and transfer them to the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP) for interim dry storage until an alternate storage location other than at the INEL, or a permanent federal spent nuclear fuel (SNF) repository is available. The TAN Pool would be drained and placed in an industrially and radiologically safe condition for refurbishment or eventual decommissioning. This environmental assessment (EA) identifies and evaluates environmental impacts associated with (1) constructing an Interim Storage System (ISS) at ICPP; (2) removing the TMI and commercial fuels from the pool and transporting them to ICPP for placement in an ISS, and (3) draining and stabilizing the TAN Pool. Miscellaneous hardware would be removed and decontaminated or disposed of in the INEL Radioactive Waste Management Complex (RWMC). This EA also describes the environmental consequences of the no action alternative.

NONE

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Thermal performance of phase change material energy storage floor for active solar water-heating system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The conventional active solar water-heating floor system contains a big water tank to store energy in the day time for heating at night, which takes much building space and is very heavy. In order to reduce the w...

Ruolang Zeng; Xin Wang; Wei Xiao

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Modeling of LNG Pool Spreading and Vaporization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.............................................................................. 20 CHAPTER III PREVIOUS EXPERIMENTS ON LNG POOL SPREADING .............. 22 3.1. Summary of Experiments on liquefied gases ................................................... 22 CHAPTER IV CURRENT STATE OF THE ART... of liquefied gases into bunds .................................................................... 23 Table 7: Experimental setup for bund experiments.......................................................... 23 Table 8: Spills of liquefied gases onto water...

Basha, Omar 1988-

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

167

A Method to Determine the Optimal Tank Size for a Chilled Water Storage System Under a Time-of-Use Electricity Rate Structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the downtown area of Austin, it is planned to build a new naturally stratified chilled water storage tank and share it among four separated chilled water plants. An underground piping system is to be established to connect these four plants...

Zhang, Z.; Turner, W. D.; Chen, Q.; Xu, C.; Deng, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

NREL: Learning - Solar Hot Water  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hot Water Hot Water Photo of solar collectors on a roof for a solar hot water system. For solar hot water systems, flat-plate solar collectors are typically installed facing south on a rooftop. The shallow water of a lake is usually warmer than the deep water. That's because the sunlight can heat the lake bottom in the shallow areas, which in turn, heats the water. It's nature's way of solar water heating. The sun can be used in basically the same way to heat water used in buildings and swimming pools. Most solar water heating systems for buildings have two main parts: a solar collector and a storage tank. The most common collector is called a flat-plate collector. Mounted on the roof, it consists of a thin, flat, rectangular box with a transparent cover that faces the sun. Small tubes

169

Enhancing Electrical Supply by Pumped Storage in Tidal Lagoons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/3/07 Summary The principle that the net energy delivered by a tidal pool can be increased by pumping extra water into the pool at high tide or by pumping extra water out of the pool at low tide is well known pumping and generating worsens the intermittency­of­supply problem from which simple tide pools suf­ fer

MacKay, David J.C.

170

Chemical Energy Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The oldest and most commonly practiced method to store solar energy is sensible heat storage. The underlying technology is well developed and the basic storage materials, water and rocks, are available ... curren...

H. P. Garg; S. C. Mullick; A. K. Bhargava

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Department of Energy - Swimming Pool Heaters  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

736189 en Gas Swimming Pool Heaters http:energy.govenergysaverarticlesgas-swimming-pool-heaters pool-heaters" class"title-link">

172

Pool octanes via oxygenates  

SciTech Connect

Increasingly stringent antipollution regulations placed on automobile exhaust gases with consequent reduction or complete lead ban from motor gasoline result in octane shortage at many manufacturing sites. Attractive solutions to this problem, especially in conjunction with abundant methanol supplies, are the hydration and etherification of olefins contained in light product streams from cracking unit or produced by field gas dehydrogenation. A comparison is made between oxygenates octane-volume pool contributions and established refinery technologies. Process reviews for bulk manufacture of fuel-grade isopropanol (IPA), secondary butanol (SBA), tertiary butanol (TBA), methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) and tertiary amyl methyl ether (TAME) are presented together with the characteristic investment and operating data. The implantation of these processes into a typical FCCU refinery complex with the resulting octane-pool improvement possibilities is descried.

Prezelj, M.

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Economic Implications of Farmer Storage of Surface Irrigation Water in Federal Projects: El Paso County, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. This procedure produced a schedule of net farm revenues for alternative surface irrigation water allocations for use in conjunction with groundwater. The procedure was repeated with groundwater availability limited to zero. These two schedules of net farm...

Cornforth, G. C.; Lacewell, R. D.

174

Task pool teams implementation of the master equation approach for random sierpinski carpets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider the use of task pool teams in implementation of the master equation on random Sierpinski carpets. Though the basic idea of dynamic storage of the probability density reported earlier applies straightforward to random carpets, the randomized ...

K. H. Hoffmann; M. Hofmann; G. Rnger; S. Seeger

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Practical guidelines for small-volume additions of uninhibited water to waste storage tanks  

SciTech Connect

Allowable volumes of uninhibited water additions to waste tanks are limited to volumes in which hydroxide and nitrite inhibitors reach required concentrations by diffusion from the bulk waste within five days. This diffusion process was modeled conservatively by Fick`s second law of diffusion. The solution to the model was applied to all applicable conditions which exist in the waste tanks. Plant engineers adapted and incorporated the results into a practical working procedure for controlling and monitoring the addition of uninhibited water. Research, technical support, and field engineers worked together to produce an effective solution to a potential waste tank corrosion problem.

Hsu, T.C.; Wiersma, B.J.; Zapp, P.E.; Pike, J.A.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Practical guidelines for small volume additions of uninhibited water to waste storage tanks  

SciTech Connect

Allowable volumes of uninhibited water additions to waste tanks are limited to volumes in which hydroxide and nitrite inhibitors reach required concentrations by diffusion from the bulk waste within five days. This diffusion process was modeled conservatively by Fick`s second law of diffusion. The solution to the model was applied to all applicable conditions which exist in the waste tanks. Plant engineers adapted and incorporated the results into a practical working procedure for controlling and monitoring the addition of uninhibited water. Research, technical support, and field engineers worked together to produce an effective solution to a potential waste tank corrosion problem.

Hsu, T.C.; Wiersma, B.J.; Zapp, P.E.; Pike, J.A. [Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Busting a Chlorine Swimming Pool Urban Myth1 by Chris Wiant2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Busting a Chlorine Swimming Pool Urban Myth1 by Chris Wiant2 3 The Water Quality and Health Council or outdoor.9 10 What actually causes the distinctive, irritating smell around swimming pools is not chlorine an opportunity to address a very common urban myth.5 6 A healthy chlorinated pool can emit a light chemical odor

South Bohemia, University of

178

Regulation of polyamine synthesis in relation to putrescine and spermidine pools in Neurospora crassa.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...no effect on polyamine pool sizes in the short term...Table 1) is not known. Conservation of radioactively labeled...ota strainSa Polyamine pool Addition to Gaetiner...the cell. (The normal pool of spermidine is 6 mM, if referred to cell water. No polyamine synthesis...

T J Paulus; R H Davis

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Characterization of Nucleotide Pools as a Function of Physiological State in Escherichia coli  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...capture true reflections of pool sizes. Using the new...rapidly thawed in a 37C water bath and kept on ice...new information about pool sizes and changes. This...questions about nucleotide conservation and production. The sensitivity of the nucleotide pools to preparative steps...

Michael H. Buckstein; Jian He; Harvey Rubin

2007-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

180

Swimming Pool Covers | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Swimming Pool Covers Swimming Pool Covers Swimming Pool Covers May 29, 2012 - 6:40pm Addthis Swimming Pool Covers What does this mean for me? Pool covers minimize evaporation from both outdoor and indoor pools. Covering a pool when it is not in use is the single most effective means of reducing pool heating costs. Savings of 50%-70% are possible. You can significantly reduce swimming pool heating costs by using a pool cover. On the following pages, see the tables showing the costs of heating pools with and without pool covers in different U.S. cities: Estimating Heat Pump Swimming Pool Heater Costs and Savings Estimating Swimming Pool Gas Heating Costs and Savings Use of a pool cover also can help reduce the size of a solar pool heating system, which can save money. How They Work

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pool storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Floating solar pool heater  

SciTech Connect

A floating solar heater for swimming pools is disclosed which includes a top cover, a vertical outer side wall with inclined inner side wall segments connected thereto, an outside rim and a bottom wall. The inner side wall segments are octagonal, coated with light reflective material, and aid in reflecting the sun's rays to heat the space inside the walls formed by the cover which dead air space also provides for floatation of the heater. The bottom wall is heated by direct sun inpingement and by the air in contact with it and is formed of a material having high heat conductivity.

McCluskey, J.E.

1981-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

182

A water-trickle type solar collector with a massive concrete slab for heat storage and radiation /TMU solar system I/  

SciTech Connect

Experimental results are reported for a simple open type solar collector - a water trickle type collector - used in combination with a massive concrete slab for energy storage. This relatively low cost system was installed on a typical Japanese house in Yokohama City and measurements were made of the interior temperature. The system showed considerable promise for application in Japan.

Ito, N. (Tokyo Metropolitan University, Tokyo, Japan); Matsuda, K. (Kyushu Institute of Design, Kyushu, Japan); Ishii, A. (Ministry of Construction, Building Research Institute, Japan)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

The combined system for fuel supply of fuel cells on the basis of the aluminum-water hydrogen generator and the metal hybride hydrogen storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The system for fuel supply of a hydrogen-air fuel cell on the basis of the aluminum-water hydrogen generator and hydride-forming alloy as an intermediate gas storage has been developed. For a series of...4.5 ? x ...

I. V. Yanilkin; Ye. I. Shkolnikov; S. N. Klyamkin; M. S. Vlaskin

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Hydrological and chemical budgets of a mire pool formed on alluvial lowland of Hokkaido, northern Japan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary Mire pools permanently water-filled depressions on peatlands provide important habitats for myriad organisms. Recently, water balance change and eutrophication resulting from agricultural development are increasingly evident in mire pools of alluvial lowlands. Conservation of mire pool hydrochemistry is necessary. We investigated the hydrological and chemical budgets of a pristine mire pool, Akanuma Pool (95,280m2 area; 1.8m mean depth), located in Kushiro Mire in Hokkaido, northern Japan, during its ice-free period (AprilNovember) in 20072008. Thereby we elucidated the hydrochemical characteristics of mire pools formed on alluvial lowlands. Surface water inflow and surface water outflow dominated the hydrological budget, respectively representing 18.3 and 20.2mmday?1. Groundwater seepage through the pool bottom and surface water inflow mainly supplied the lake water with total nitrogen and Ca2+. Total phosphorus was supplied mostly by groundwater seepage through the bottom. These chemical constituents were run off from the pool mostly by surface water outflow. The input and output fluxes of water were 1620 times greater than those of North American mire pools because of Hokkaidos higher values of precipitation minus evapotranspiration (PET). Moreover, the Ca2+ input into the Akanuma Pool was several times greater than those reported from North American studies. Alluvial mineral soil under the peat layer supplied large amounts of nutrients and mineral ions including Ca2+. These results demonstrate that Hokkaido mire pools hydrochemical characteristics differ greatly from those of pools in North America. Furthermore, each hydrological budget component maintained a constant fraction throughout the two year study period, although the absolute flow rate varied concomitantly with the precipitation level. Maintaining this budget stability is important for the conservation of mire pool hydrochemistry.

Toshikazu Kizuka; Hiroyuki Yamada; Takashi Hirano

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Second look at pool heating  

SciTech Connect

The market for solar heating systems for swimming pools is discussed. The reasons for the decline in the sales of these systems are described.

Best, D.

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Estimated environmental radionuclide transfer and deposition into outdoor swimming pools  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In 2011, a large radioactive discharge occurred at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. This plant is located within a climatically temperate region where outdoor swimming pools are popular. Although it is relatively easy to decontaminate pools by refilling them with fresh water, it is difficult to maintain safe conditions given highly contaminated diurnal dust falls from the surrounding contaminated ground. Our objectives in this paper were to conduct daily radioactivity measurements, to determine the quantity of radioactive contaminants from the surrounding environment that invade outdoor pools, and to investigate the efficacy of traditional pool cleaners in removing radioactive contaminants. The depositions in the paper filterable particulates ranged from 0 to62,5 Bq/m2/day, with the highest levels found in the southern Tohoku District containing Fukushima Prefecture and in the Kanto District containing Tokyo Metro. They were approximately correlated with the ground contamination. Traditional pool cleaners eliminated 99% of contaminants at the bottom of the pool, reducing the concentration to 41Bq/m2 after cleaning. Authors recommended the deposition or the blown radionuclides into outdoor swimming pools must be considered into pool regulations when the environments exactly polluted with radionuclides.

Kazumi Tagami; Izumi Nagata; Keisuke Sueki

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Rates of evaporation from swimming pools in active use  

SciTech Connect

The rates of water evaporation from indoor and outdoor swimming pools in active use have been measured and compared with evaporation rates from unoccupied pools and with values calculated by the equation W = (95 + 0.425 v) (pw-pa)Y, where W is evaporation rate, lb/h ft{sup 2}; v is air velocity at water surface, ft/min.; pw is saturation vapor pressure at water temperature, in. Hg; pa is saturation vapor pressure at air dewpoint, in. Hg; and Y is latent heat at pool temperature, Btu/lb. In undisturbed pools, evaporation rates were measured and found to be 74% of the rates obtained by use of the equation. Rates of evaporation from pools in active use increase with the number of swimmers, rising 40--70% above the rates from a quiet water surface. Measurements of evaporation from a pool in use by 15--20 swimmers per 1,000 ft{sup 2} were found to average 26% higher than the rate calculated by the equation.

Smith, C.C.; Loef, G.O.G. [Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States). Solar Energy Applications Lab.; Jones, R.W. [Dept. of Energy, Golden, CO (United States)

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Characterization of microbial populations associated with natural swimming pools  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Natural swimming pools are artificially created bodies of water that are intended for human recreational bathing and have no chemical disinfection treatment. The microbial populations in four private natural swimming pools were analysed to assess the typical microbiological parameters, establish the origin of faecal contamination in the water, and predict the behaviour of larger systems that are open to the public. For this purpose, faecal coliforms, E. coli, enterococci, aerobic heterotrophic bacteria and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were enumerated in summer and winter. Moreover, faecal coliforms and enterococci populations were biochemically phenotyped with the Phene-Plate System, the diversity and similarity indexes were calculated and the isolates were identified. Three of the four natural pools exceeded the E. coli or enterococci limits stated in the recommendations for natural swimming pools. The concentrations of P. aeruginosa and aerobic heterotrophic bacteria were acceptable. The results suggest that wildlife was an important source of faecal pollution in the pools. Since there is a lack of regulations on these systems, and the health risks are higher than in conventional swimming pools, further research is needed to establish the parameters for ensuring safe bathing in private and public natural swimming pools.

Arnau Casanovas-Massana; Anicet R. Blanch

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Environmental assessment, K Pool fish rearing, Hanford Site, Richland, Washington  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy (DOE) has a need to respond to a request to lease facilities at the Hanford Site 100-KE and 100-KW filter plant pools (K Pools) for fish rearing activities. These fish rearing activities would be: (1) business ventures with public and private funds and (2) long-term enhancement and supplementation programs for game fish populations in the Columbia River Basin. The proposed action is to enter into a use permit or lease agreement with the YIN or other parties who would rear fish in the 100-K Area Pools. The proposed action would include necessary piping, pump, and electrical upgrades of the facility; cleaning and preparation of the pools; water withdrawal from the Columbia River, and any necessary water or wastewater treatment; and introduction, rearing and release of fish. Future commercial operations may be included.

NONE

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

EA-1050: Test Area North Pool Stabilization Project, Idaho Falls, Idaho |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

50: Test Area North Pool Stabilization Project, Idaho Falls, 50: Test Area North Pool Stabilization Project, Idaho Falls, Idaho EA-1050: Test Area North Pool Stabilization Project, Idaho Falls, Idaho SUMMARY This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the U.S. Department of Energy's Idaho National Engineering Laboratory's proposal to remove 344 canisters of Three Mile Island core debris and commercial fuels from the Test Area North Pool and transfer them to the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant for interim dry storage until an alternate storage location other than INEL, or a permanent federal spent nuclear fuel repository is available. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD May 6, 1996 EA-1050: Finding of No Significant Impact Test Area North Pool Stabilization Project

191

Information retrieval system: impacts of water-level changes on uses of federal storage reservoirs of the Columbia River.  

SciTech Connect

A project undertaken to provide the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) with information needed to conduct environmental assessments and meet requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) and the Pacific Northwest Electric Power Planning and Conservation Act (Regional Act) is described. Access to information on environmental effects would help BPA fulfill its responsibilities to coordinate power generation on the Columbia River system, protect uses of the river system (e.g., irrigation, recreation, navigation), and enhance fish and wildlife production. Staff members at BPA identified the need to compile and index information resources that would help answer environmental impact questions. A computer retrieval system that would provide ready access to the information was envisioned. This project was supported by BPA to provide an initial step toward a compilation of environmental impact information. Scientists at Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) identified, gathered, and evaluated information related to environmental effects of water level on uses of five study reservoirs and developed and implemented and environmental data retrieval system, which provides for automated storage and retrieval of annotated citations to published and unpublished information. The data retrieval system is operating on BPA's computer facility and includes the reservoir water-level environmental data. This project was divided into several tasks, some of which were conducted simultaneously to meet project deadlines. The tasks were to identify uses of the five study reservoirs, compile and evaluate reservoir information, develop a data entry and retrieval system, identify and analyze research needs, and document the data retrieval system and train users. Additional details of the project are described in several appendixes.

Fickeisen, D.H.; Cowley, P.J.; Neitzel, D.A.; Simmons, M.A.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Archimedes in the Swimming Pool!  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Applications 1989 research-article Articles Archimedes in the Swimming Pool D. HART T. CROFT Crewe and Alsager College of Higher...APPLICATIONS Volume 8 No. 1, 1989 Archimedes in the Swimming Pool! D. HART Crewe and Alsager College of Higher Education......

D. HART; T. CROFT

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Using Airborne Sensing to Map Pools in Rivers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Department of Water, Land and Biodiversity Conservation, South Australia #12;#12;Mapping methods · SpaceborneUsing Airborne Sensing to Map Pools in Rivers Michael Stewardson, Jeffrey Walker, Michelle Kan, Luke Kitchen, Stephen Wealands, Payam Ghadirian eWater Cooperative Research Centre, The University

Walker, Jeff

194

Self-Assembled, Nanostructured Carbon for Energy Storage and...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Self-Assembled, Nanostructured Carbon for Energy Storage and Water Treatment Self-Assembled, Nanostructured Carbon for Energy Storage and Water Treatment nanostructuredcarbon.pdf...

195

Loss of spent fuel pool cooling PRA: Model and results  

SciTech Connect

This letter report documents models for quantifying the likelihood of loss of spent fuel pool cooling; models for identifying post-boiling scenarios that lead to core damage; qualitative and quantitative results generated for a selected plant that account for plant design and operational practices; a comparison of these results and those generated from earlier studies; and a review of available data on spent fuel pool accidents. The results of this study show that for a representative two-unit boiling water reactor, the annual probability of spent fuel pool boiling is 5 {times} 10{sup {minus}5} and the annual probability of flooding associated with loss of spent fuel pool cooling scenarios is 1 {times} 10{sup {minus}3}. Qualitative arguments are provided to show that the likelihood of core damage due to spent fuel pool boiling accidents is low for most US commercial nuclear power plants. It is also shown that, depending on the design characteristics of a given plant, the likelihood of either: (a) core damage due to spent fuel pool-associated flooding, or (b) spent fuel damage due to pool dryout, may not be negligible.

Siu, N.; Khericha, S.; Conroy, S.; Beck, S.; Blackman, H.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Jandy Pool Products: Order (2010-CE-1111)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE ordered Jandy Pool Products, Inc. to pay a $10,000 civil penalty after finding Jandy Pool Products had failed to certify that certain models of pool heaters comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

197

Experimental analysis of a direct expansion solar assisted heat pump with integral storage tank for domestic water heating under zero solar radiation conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper deals with the experimental evaluation of the performance of a direct expansion solar assisted heat pump water heating (DX-SAHPWH) system working under zero solar radiation conditions at static heating operation mode of the storage tank. The DX-SAHPWH system includes two bare solar collectors as evaporator, a \\{R134a\\} rotary-type hermetic compressor, a thermostatic expansion valve and a helical coil condenser immersed in a 300L water storage tank. The zero solar radiation and stable ambient air temperature working conditions were established by placing the solar collectors into a climate chamber. The analysis is based on experimental data taken from the DX-SAHPWH provided by the manufacturer and equipped with an appropriate data acquisition system. In the paper, the experimental facility, the data acquisition system and the experimental methodology are described. Performance parameters to evaluate the energy efficiency, such as COP and equivalent seasonal performance factors (SPFe) for the heating period, and the water thermal stratification in the storage tank are defined and obtained from the experimental data. Results from the experimental analysis under transient operating working conditions of the DX-SAHPWH system and its main components are shown and discussed. Lastly, the Huang and Lee DX-SAHPWH performance evaluation method was applied resulting in a characteristic COP of 3.23 for the DX-SAHPWH system evaluated under zero solar radiation condition.

Jos Fernndez-Seara; Carolina Pieiro; J. Alberto Dopazo; F. Fernandes; Paulo X.B. Sousa

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

6263 swimming pool hall [n] [US  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

recr. (That part of an ? indoor bathing complex [US] /indoor swimming baths [UK], which is equipped with a swimming pool); syn. indoor pool [n] [UK];spabell...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

E-Print Network 3.0 - association consortium pooled Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

individual water features such as spa, splash area, and water slide... , as well as for a swimming pool. Use the chart below to link the collected data back to a specific...

200

Pooled Bond Program (South Dakota) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pooled Bond Program (South Dakota) Pooled Bond Program (South Dakota) Pooled Bond Program (South Dakota) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State South Dakota Program Type Bond Program Provider South Dakota Governor's Office of Economic Development The Pooled Bond Program offered by the Economic Development Finance Authority is designed for capital intensive projects, providing small businesses access to larger capital markets for tax-exempt or taxable bond issuances. Bond proceeds can be used to finance 80 percent of new construction, and 75 percent of new equipment costs, with no greater than 25 percent of the bond proceeds being used for ancillary activities such as

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pool storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Water Heaters (Storage Electric)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Energy (DOE) develops standardized data templates for reporting the results of tests conducted in accordance with current DOE test procedures. Templates may be used by third-party laboratories under contract with DOE that conduct testing in support of ENERGY STAR verification, DOE rulemakings, and enforcement of the federal energy conservation standards.

202

Terrestrial Water Storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

L. Guyot, 2013: The major floods in the Amazonas River and2012 period: A focus on the 2012 flood. J. Hydrometeor. , inSxi S IDEBAR 7.3: A FRICA : T HE FLOODS OF THE S AHEL IN

Rodell, M; Chambers, D P; Famiglietti, Jay

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Review of International Methods of Test to Rate the Efficiency of Water Heaters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conservation Standards for Residential Water Heaters, Direct Heating Equipment, and PoolConservation Program for Consumer Products: Test Procedures for Residential Water Heaters, Direct Heating Equipment, and Pool

Lutz, Jim

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

6261 swimming pool [n] (1)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

recr. (1.Generic term); 2.natatorium [n] (Swimming pool, especially one in a gymnasium or other...spiscina [f] syn. alberca [f] [MEX], pileta [f] [RA]; fbassin [m] de natation; gSch...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

A simplified model of decontamination by BWR steam suppression pools  

SciTech Connect

Phenomena that can decontaminate aerosol-laden gases sparging through steam suppression pools of boiling water reactors during reactor accidents are described. Uncertainties in aerosol properties, aerosol behavior within gas bubbles, and bubble behavior in plumes affect predictions of decontamination by steam suppression pools. Uncertainties in the boundary and initial conditions that are dictated by the progression of severe reactor accidents and that will affect predictions of decontamination by steam suppression pools are discussed. Ten parameters that characterize boundary and initial condition uncertainties, nine parameters that characterize aerosol property and behavior uncertainties, and eleven parameters that characterize uncertainties in the behavior of bubbles in steam suppression pools are identified. Ranges for the values of these parameters and subjective probability distributions for parametric values within the ranges are defined. These uncertain parameters are used in Monte Carlo uncertainty analyses to develop uncertainty distributions for the decontamination that can be achieved by steam suppression pools and the size distribution of aerosols that do emerge from such pools. A simplified model of decontamination by steam suppression pools is developed by correlating features of the uncertainty distributions for total decontamination factor, DF(total), mean size of emerging aerosol particles, d{sub p}, and the standard deviation of the emerging aerosol size distribution, {sigma}, with pool depth, H. Correlations of the median values of the uncertainty distributions are suggested as the best estimate of decontamination by suppression pools. Correlations of the 10 percentile and 90 percentile values of the uncertainty distributions characterize the uncertainty in the best estimates. 295 refs., 121 figs., 113 tabs.

Powers, D.A.

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Swimming pools and health-related behaviours: results of an Italian multicentre study on showering habits among pool users  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Objectives Showering before entering a swimming pool is highly recommended to reduce the risk of biological and chemical contamination. This study evaluated the behaviour of indoor swimming pool users; analysed the variables associated with lack of showering; and assessed awareness of the importance of showering. Study design Cross-sectional study. Methods A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data about users of swimming pools located in five different Italian cities. The association between specific variables and the lack of showering was assessed. Ppool. The main reason given for pre-swim showering was to wash oneself (50.5%); or to get used to the temperature of the water (44.3%); and 5.2% answered for both reasons. Risk factors significantly associated with lack of showering were: female sex (odds ratio (OR) 1.37, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.21.59), age 1417 years (OR 5.09, 95% CI 3.407.64); not reading the swimming pool rules (OR 1.24, 95% CI 1.101.41); living in Central Italy (OR 3.3, 95% CI 2.654.1) or Southern Italy (OR 1.35, 95% CI 1.181.55); and previous/current attendance of a swimming course (OR 1.7, 95% CI 1.481.97). Conclusions The results revealed low compliance with the rule of showering before entering a swimming pool, and little awareness of the preventive role of showering in the hygienic management of swimming pools. There is a need for targeted educational interventions to inform swimming pool users of the reasons for the importance of showering before entering a pool.

C. Pasquarella; L. Veronesi; C. Napoli; S. Castaldi; M.L. Pasquarella; E. Saccani; M.E. Colucci; F. Auxilia; F. Gall; V. Di Onofrio; S. Tafuri; C. Signorelli; G. Liguori

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Method of measuring a liquid pool volume  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of measuring a molten metal liquid pool volume and in particular molten titanium liquid pools, including the steps of (a) generating an ultrasonic wave at the surface of the molten metal liquid pool, (b) shining a light on the surface of a molten metal liquid pool, (c) detecting a change in the frequency of light, (d) detecting an ultrasonic wave echo at the surface of the molten metal liquid pool, and (e) computing the volume of the molten metal liquid.

Garcia, Gabe V. (Las Cruces, NM); Carlson, Nancy M. (Idaho Falls, ID); Donaldson, Alan D. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

POOL INFORMATION McComas Hall  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;POOL INFORMATION McComas Hall 25-yard, 8-lane swimming pool with a maximum depth of 6.5 feet.recsports.vt.edu/facilities/reservations 3) Is there swim equipment I can use at the pool? Yes, each pool has a variety of kick boards, pull swimming facilities? Access to both McComas and War Memorial Pools are through the locker rooms only

Buehrer, R. Michael

209

Spent fuel storage requirements 1993--2040  

SciTech Connect

Historical inventories of spent fuel are combined with U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) projections of future discharges from commercial nuclear reactors in the United States to provide estimates of spent fuel storage requirements through the year 2040. The needs are estimated for storage capacity beyond that presently available in the reactor storage pools. These estimates incorporate the maximum capacities within current and planned in-pool storage facilities and any planned transshipments of spent fuel to other reactors or facilities. Existing and future dry storage facilities are also discussed. The nuclear utilities provide historical data through December 1992 on the end of reactor life are based on the DOE/Energy Information Administration (EIA) estimates of future nuclear capacity, generation, and spent fuel discharges.

Not Available

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Put pool system vacuum breakers where they save money  

SciTech Connect

Vacuum breakers allow for rapid entry of air, and rapid escape of water from piping when a hydraulic solar energy system is drained. Unlike automatic air valves, vacuum breakers need not be located at the high point of the system to function properly. The proper location of vacuum breakers for a solar pool heating system is discussed.

Root, D.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Cost Analysis of Hydrogen Storage Systems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

In 2004, DOE has selected TIAX to evaluate the lifecycle cost and WTW energy use and GHG emissions of various hydrogen storage options. Water Electrolyzer Water Electrolyzer...

212

THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS WORKSHOP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

F. J. Molz. Subsurface Waste Heat Storage, Experimentalfor land disposal of waste heat and waste water. Inst. forfor land disposal of waste heat and waste water. Inst. for

Authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Evaluation of airborne geophysical surveys for large-scale mapping of contaminated mine pools: draft final report  

SciTech Connect

Decades of underground coal mining has left about 5,000 square miles of abandoned mine workings that are rapidly filling with water. The water quality of mine pools is often poor; environmental regulatory agencies are concerned because water from mine pools could contaminate diminishing surface and groundwater supplies. Mine pools are also a threat to the safety of current mining operations. Conversely, mine pools are a large, untapped water resource that, with treatment, could be used for a variety of industrial purposes. Others have proposed using mine pools in conjunction with heat pumps as a source of heating and cooling for large industrial facilities. The management or use of mine pool water requires accurate maps of mine pools. West Virginia University has predicted the likely location and volume of mine pools in the Pittsburgh Coalbed using existing mine maps, structure contour maps, and measured mine pool elevations. Unfortunately, mine maps only reflect conditions at the time of mining, are not available for all mines, and do not always denote the maximum extent of mining. Since 1999, the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) has been evaluating helicopter-borne, electromagnetic sensing technologies for the detection and mapping of mine pools. Frequency domain electromagnetic sensors are able to detect shallow mine pools (depth < 50 m) if there is sufficient contrast between the conductance of the mine pool and the conductance of the overburden. The mine pools (conductors) most confidently detected by this technology are overlain by thick, resistive sandstone layers. In 2003, a helicopter time domain electromagnetic sensor was applied to mined areas in southwestern Virginia in an attempt to increase the depth of mine pool detection. This study failed because the mine pool targets were thin and not very conductive. Also, large areas of the surveys were degraded or made unusable by excessive amounts of cultural electromagnetic noise that obscured the subtle mine pool anomalies. However, post-survey modeling suggested that thicker, more conductive mine pools might be detected at a more suitable location. The current study sought to identify the best time domain electromagnetic sensor for detecting mine pools and to test it in an area where the mine pools are thicker and more conductive that those in southwestern Virginia. After a careful comparison of all airborne time domain electromagnetic sensors (including both helicopter and fixed-wing systems), the SkyTEM system from Denmark was determined to be the best technology for this application. Whereas most airborne time domain electromagnetic systems were developed to find large, deep, highly conductive mineral deposits, the SkyTEM system is designed for groundwater exploration studies, an application similar to mine pool detection.

Geosciences Division, National Energy Technology Laboratory, US Department of Energy, Pittsburgh, PA; Hammack, R.W.

2006-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

214

Estimating pool energy requirements with a thermometer  

SciTech Connect

It is pointed out that there is a need for a simple method of estimating the energy required by a swimming pool. (This is the first step in determining the size of solar pool heaters for a specific application.) Previous methods for estimating pool energy requirements demand mathematical skills. The method proposed here requires only: (1) measurement of the average pool temperature; (2) an estimate of the pool volume; and (3) a knowledge of the desired temperature. Average temperature of the pool is measured using a weighted thermometer at different locations under various weather conditions. Step-by-step instructions complete with a table are provided. (MJJ)

Not Available

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Analysis of an open-air swimming pool solar heating system by using an experimentally validated TRNSYS model  

SciTech Connect

In the case of private outdoor swimming pools, seldom larger than 100 m{sup 2}, conventional auxiliary heating systems are being installed less and less. Solar heating is an option to extend the swimming season. The temperature evolution of an open-air swimming pool highly depends on the wind speed directly on the water surface, which at the same time is influenced by the surroundings of the pool. In this paper, the TRNSYS model of a private open-air pool with a 50-m{sup 2} surface was validated by registering the water temperature evolution and the meteorological data at the pool site. Evaporation is the main component of energy loss in swimming pools. Six different sets of constants found in literature were considered to evaluate the evaporative heat transfer coefficient with the purpose of finding the most suitable one for the TRNSYS pool model. In order to do that, the evolution of the pool water temperature predicted by the TRNSYS pool model was compared with the experimentally registered one. The simulation with TRNSYS of the total system, including the swimming pool and the absorber circuit integrated into the existing filter circuit, provided information regarding the increase of the pool temperature for different collector areas during the swimming season. This knowledge, together with the economic costs, support the decision about the absorber field size. (author)

Ruiz, Elisa; Martinez, Pedro J. [Universidad Miguel Hernandez - Edificio Torreblanca, Avda. de la Universidad s/n, 03202 Elche (Spain)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

216

List of Solar Pool Heating Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Heating Incentives Heating Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 118 Solar Pool Heating Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 118) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active APS - Renewable Energy Incentive Program (Arizona) Utility Rebate Program Arizona Commercial Residential Anaerobic Digestion Biomass Daylighting Geothermal Electric Ground Source Heat Pumps Landfill Gas Other Distributed Generation Technologies Photovoltaics Small Hydroelectric Solar Pool Heating Solar Space Heat Solar Thermal Process Heat Solar Water Heat Wind energy Yes Alternative Energy Personal Property Tax Exemption (Michigan) Property Tax Incentive Michigan Commercial Industrial Biomass CHP/Cogeneration Fuel Cells Microturbines Photovoltaics

217

New England Power Pool (Multiple States) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

England Power Pool (Multiple States) England Power Pool (Multiple States) New England Power Pool (Multiple States) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Maine Program Type Interconnection Independent System Operator (ISO) New England helps protect the health of New England's economy and the well-being of its people by ensuring the constant availability of electricity, today and for future generations. ISO New England meets this obligation in three ways: by ensuring the day-to-day reliable operation of New England's bulk power generation and transmission system, by overseeing and ensuring the fair administration of the region's wholesale electricity markets, and by managing comprehensive, regional

218

Report on Solar Pool Heating Quantitative Survey  

SciTech Connect

This report details the results of a quantitative research study undertaken to better understand the marketplace for solar pool-heating systems from the perspective of residential pool owners.

Synapse Infusion Group, Inc. (Westlake Village, California)

1999-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

219

Solar Swimming Pool Heating in Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hotels and swimming clubs in Pakistan pay huge gas bills for heating Swimming pools in winter. Winter days in most parts ... solar collectors may be used to extend the swimming season. Installing the pool in a wi...

Irshad Ahmad; Nasim A Khan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Pool boiling on nano-finned surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effect of nano-structured surfaces on pool boiling heat transfer is explored in this study. Experiments are conducted in a cubical test chamber containing fluoroinert coolant (PF5060, Manufacturer: 3M Co.) as the working fluid. Pool boiling...

Sriraman, Sharan Ram

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pool storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Do Dark Pools Harm Price Discovery?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dark pools are equity trading systems that do not publicly display orders. Dark pools offer potential price improvements but do not guarantee execution. Informed traders tend to trade in the same direction, crowd on the ...

Zhu, Haoxiang

222

Swimming pools soak up the sun  

SciTech Connect

Solar pool heaters survived the boom and bust solar years of the 1970s and 1980s. Today they are even popular and cost-effective in parts of the country where many people think solar is impractical. This article discusses the following topics: how solar pool heaters work; types of solar pool heater collectors; collector and pump sizing; collector siting and mounting; systems costs and economics; pool covers. 3 figs.

Cuoghi, D.; Hesse, P.; Schiller, T.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Solar Pool Heating | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleSolarPoolHeating&oldid267195" Category: Articles with outstanding TODO tasks...

224

Effects of storage temperature and duration on release of antimony and bisphenol A from polyethylene terephthalate drinking water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

polyethylene terephthalate drinking water bottles of China Ying-Ying Fan a , Jian-Lun Zheng a , Jing-Hua Ren Accepted 9 May 2014 Available online xxx Keywords: Polyethylene terephthalate Antimony Bisphenol A Release of antimony (Sb) and bisphenol A (BPA) from 16 brands of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) drinking water

Ma, Lena

225

Uncertainty analysis of criticality safety for the plate type fuel assembly storage rack  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To evaluate the criticality safety of the fresh and the spent fuel storage racks in an open pool type research reactor designed by KAERI, the upper subcriticality limit (USL) analysis was carried out. First, the bias and its uncertainty of MCNP code system with ENDF/B-VII library were evaluated using the calculation results of the 183 benchmark experiments. The criticality calculations for the fuel storage rack are carried out under a normal state, an increased water temperature, a fuel assembly drop, and an eccentric insertion which can affect the criticality. Considering biases and uncertainties for the MCNP code system, abnormal conditions, and the manufacturing tolerance of the cell tube thickness, the USL value that can guarantee sufficient subcriticality is determined. It was found that the criticality of the fresh and the spent fuel storage racks currently designed satisfy the USL condition. Additionally, it was concluded that the pitch size of a fresh fuel storage rack can be reduced for efficient space availability, and even under a worst case in which the fresh storage rack is surrounded by a lower water density and the smallest pitch size satisfies the USL conditions.

Tae Young Han; Chang Je Park; Byung Chul Lee; Jae Man Noh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Spent Fuel Storage Operational Experience With Increased Crud Activities  

SciTech Connect

A significant part of the electricity production in Hungary is provided by 4 units of VVER 440 nuclear reactors at the Paks Nuclear Power Plant. Interim dry storage of the spent fuel assemblies that are generated during the operation of the reactors is provided in a Modular Vault Dry Storage (MVDS) facility that is located in the immediate vicinity of the Paks Nuclear Power Plant. The storage capacity of the MVDS is being continuously extended in accordance with spent the fuel production rate from the four reactors. An accident occurred at unit 2 of the Paks Nuclear Power Plant in 2003, when thirty irradiated fuel assemblies were damaged during a cleaning process. The fuel assemblies were not inside the reactor at the time of the accident, but in a separate tank within the adjacent fuel decay pool. As a result of this accident, contamination from the badly damaged fuel assemblies spread to the decay pool water and also became deposited onto the surface of (hermetic) spent fuel assemblies within the decay pool. Therefore, it was necessary to review the design basis of the MVDS and assess the effects of taking the surface contaminated spent fuel assemblies into dry storage. The contaminated hermetic assemblies were transferred from the unit 2 pool to the interim storage facility in the period between 2005 and 2007. Continuous inspection and measurement was carried out during the transfer of these fuel assemblies. On the basis of the design assessments and measurement of the results during the fuel transfer, it was shown that radiological activity values increased due to the consequences of the accident but that these levels did not compromise the release and radiation dose limits for the storage facility. The aim of this paper is to show the effect on the operation of the MVDS interim storage facility as a result of the increased activity values due to the accident that occurred in 2003, as well as to describe the measurements that were taken, and their results and experience gained. In summary: On the basis of the design assessments and measurement of the results during the fuel transfer operations, it was shown that radiological activity values increased due to the consequences of the 2003 accident but that these levels did not compromise the release and dose limits for the fuel storage facility. In the environment there was no measurable radioactivity as a result of the operation of the Paks ISFSI. The exposure of the surrounding population was calculated on measured releases and meteorological data. The calculations show negligible doses until 2004. Due to the increased surface contamination on the spent fuel assemblies the dose rate increased almost 5 times compared to the least annual value, but still less then 0.01 percent of the allowed dose restriction. (authors)

Barnabas, I. [Public Agency for Radioactive Waste, Management (PURAM) (Hungary); Eigner, T. [Paks NPP (Hungary); Gresits, I. [Technical University of Budapest (Hungary); Ordagh, M. [SOM System Llc, (Hungary)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

ODT YZME HAVUZU KURALLARI METU SWIMMING POOL REGULATIONS HAVUZ KULLANICILARI POOL USERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ODT? Y?ZME HAVUZU KURALLARI METU SWIMMING POOL REGULATIONS HAVUZ KULLANICILARI POOL USERS Salik girilmez. c)Pool users must wear caps while swimming. Güvenlik Safety a)Yüzme bilmeyenler Havuza giremezler)Kullanicilar mayo giymek zorundadir. Kot pantolon, futbol h)Pool users must use proper swim wear. Jeans, fotball

Hasýrcý, Vasýf

228

Method of measuring a liquid pool volume  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of measuring a molten metal liquid pool volume and in particular molten titanium liquid pools is disclosed, including the steps of (a) generating an ultrasonic wave at the surface of the molten metal liquid pool, (b) shining a light on the surface of a molten metal liquid pool, (c) detecting a change in the frequency of light, (d) detecting an ultrasonic wave echo at the surface of the molten metal liquid pool, and (e) computing the volume of the molten metal liquid. 3 figures.

Garcia, G.V.; Carlson, N.M.; Donaldson, A.D.

1991-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

229

Status of household water treatment and safe storage in 45 countries and a case study in Northern India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis examines the present of the status of HWTS technologies across the world, and in one location Lucknow, India. The data for the global status of HWTS was collected by contacting the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene ...

Jain, Mehul

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Research Project on CO2 Geological Storage and Groundwater Resources: Water Quality Effects Caused by CO2 Intrusion into Shallow Groundwater  

SciTech Connect

One promising approach to reduce greenhouse gas emissions is injecting CO{sub 2} into suitable geologic formations, typically depleted oil/gas reservoirs or saline formations at depth larger than 800 m. Proper site selection and management of CO{sub 2} storage projects will ensure that the risks to human health and the environment are low. However, a risk remains that CO{sub 2} could migrate from a deep storage formation, e.g. via local high-permeability pathways such as permeable faults or degraded wells, and arrive in shallow groundwater resources. The ingress of CO{sub 2} is by itself not typically a concern to the water quality of an underground source of drinking water (USDW), but it will change the geochemical conditions in the aquifer and will cause secondary effects mainly induced by changes in pH, in particular the mobilization of hazardous inorganic constituents present in the aquifer minerals. Identification and assessment of these potential effects is necessary to analyze risks associated with geologic sequestration of CO{sub 2}. This report describes a systematic evaluation of the possible water quality changes in response to CO{sub 2} intrusion into aquifers currently used as sources of potable water in the United States. Our goal was to develop a general understanding of the potential vulnerability of United States potable groundwater resources in the event of CO{sub 2} leakage. This goal was achieved in two main tasks, the first to develop a comprehensive geochemical model representing typical conditions in many freshwater aquifers (Section 3), the second to conduct a systematic reactive-transport modeling study to quantify the effect of CO{sub 2} intrusion into shallow aquifers (Section 4). Via reactive-transport modeling, the amount of hazardous constituents potentially mobilized by the ingress of CO{sub 2} was determined, the fate and migration of these constituents in the groundwater was predicted, and the likelihood that drinking water standards might be exceeded was evaluated. A variety of scenarios and aquifer conditions was considered in a sensitivity evaluation. The scenarios and conditions simulated in Section 4, in particular those describing the geochemistry and mineralogy of potable aquifers, were selected based on the comprehensive geochemical model developed in Section 3.

Birkholzer, Jens; Apps, John; Zheng, Liange; Zhang, Yingqi; Xu, Tianfu; Tsang, Chin-Fu

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Flow and Storage in Groundwater Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...groundwater removed from storage today was recharged...result of water pumped from wells that...Herrera, Eds., Seawater Intrusion in Coastal...conductivity, specific storage, and thickness...groundwater removed from storage today was recharged...result of water pumped from wells that...

William M. Alley; Richard W. Healy; James W. LaBaugh; Thomas E. Reilly

2002-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

232

Chapter 5 - Solar Water-Heating Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Chapter 5 is on solar water-heating systems. Both passive and active systems are described. Passive systems include thermosiphon and integrated collector storage systems. The former include theoretical performance of thermosiphon solar water heaters, reverse circulation in thermosiphon systems, vertical against horizontal tank configurations, freeze protection, and tracking thermosiphons. Subsequently, active systems are described, which include direct circulation systems, indirect water-heating systems, air water-heating systems, heat pump systems and pool heating systems, which include the analysis of various heat losses like evaporation, radiation, convection heat losses, make-up water load, and solar radiation-heat gain. Then the characteristics and thermal analysis of heat storage systems for both water and air systems are presented. The module and array design methods are then described and include the effects of shading, thermal expansion, galvanic corrosion, array sizing, heat exchangers, pipe and duct losses, partially shaded collectors and over-temperature protectionfollowed by an analysis of the characteristics of differential thermostats. Finally, methods to calculate the hot water demand are given as well as a review of international standards used to evaluate the solar water heaters performance. The chapter includes also simple system models and practical considerations for the setup of solar water-heating systems, which include: pipes, supports and insulation; pumps; valves and instrumentation.

Soteris A. Kalogirou

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Dry storage of spent nuclear fuel in UAE Economic aspect  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Cost analysis of dry storage of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) discharged from Barakah nuclear power plants in the UAE was performed using three variables: average fuel discharge rate (FD), discount rate (d), and cooling time in a spent fuel pool (Tcool). The costs of dry storage as an interim spent fuel storage option in the UAE were estimated and compared between the following two scenarios: Scenario 1 is accelerated transfer of spent fuel to dry storage that SNF will be transferred to dry storage facilities as soon as spent fuel has been sufficiently cooled down in a pool for the dry storage; Scenario 2 is defined as maximum use of spent fuel pool that SNF will be stored in a pool as long as possible till the amount of stored SNF in the pool reaches the capacity of the pools and, then, to be moved to dry storage. A sensitivity analysis on the costs was performed and multiple regression analysis was applied to the resulting net present values (NPVs) for Scenarios 1 and 2 and ?NPV that is difference in the net present values between the two scenarios. The results showed that \\{NPVs\\} and ?NPV could be approximately expressed by single equations with the three variables. Among the three variables, the discount rate had the largest effect on the \\{NPVs\\} of the dry storage costs. However, ?NPV was turned out to be equally sensitive to the discount rate and cooling period. Over the ranges of the variables, the additional cost for accelerated fuel transfer (Scenario 1) ranged from 86.4 to 212.9 million $. Calculated using the maximum difference (212.9M$) between the two scenarios, the accelerated fuel transfer to dry storage could incur the additional electricity rate 8.0נ10?5USD/kWh, which is not considered to be significant, compared to the overall electricity generation cost.

Sara Al Saadi; Yongsun Yi

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Thermal Storage Options for HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this method is based on the specific heat of water rather than the latent 'heat of fusion of ice as in ice storage, it requires about 4 times the storage capacity of an equivalent ice storage system. ? Salt Storage: This system utilizes eutectic salts... which freeze and melt around 47 o F. Exist ing chillers can be easily retrofitted for salt storage or chilled water storage. For ice stor age systems, a direct refrigerant system or glycol chillers are suitable. This paper discusses the details...

Weston, R. F.; Gidwani, B. N.

235

Annual grassland resource pools and fluxes: sensitivity to precipitation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Annual grassland resource pools and fluxes: sensitivity to precipitation Annual grassland resource pools and fluxes: sensitivity to precipitation and dry periods on two contrasting soils Title Annual grassland resource pools and fluxes: sensitivity to precipitation and dry periods on two contrasting soils Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2012 Authors Sudderth, Erika A., Samuel B. St. Clair, Sarah A. Placella, Stéphanie M. Swarbreck, Cristina Castanha, Donald J. Herman, Marc L. Fischer, Markus Kleber, Erik B. Sudderth, Margaret S. Torn, Mary K. Firestone, Gary L. Andersen, and David D. Ackerly Journal Ecosphere Volume 3 Issue 8 Keywords Avena barbata, Bayesian ANOVA, carbon, climate change, dry periods, Grassland, nitrogen, phenology, precipitation, soil type, water Abstract In ecosystems throughout the world climate models project increased variability in precipitation patterns that may strongly affect the above- and below-ground processes that control carbon, water, and nutrient cycles. Uncertainty about how plant and soil processes respond to wet and dry periods at different times in the growing season is a barrier to understanding how changing rainfall patterns will affect ecosystem function in annual grasslands. We used mesocosm systems to test the sensitivity to mid- and late-season dry periods of twenty response variables related to nitrogen, carbon, and water cycling in Avena barbata monocultures. We compared the responses of individual variables and of grassland systems under low and high cumulative rain treatments and between two contrasting soil types.

236

Submersible purification system for radioactive water  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A portable, submersible water purification system for use in a pool of water containing radioactive contamination includes a prefilter for filtering particulates from the water. A resin bed is then provided for removal of remaining dissolved, particulate, organic, and colloidal impurities from the prefiltered water. A sterilizer then sterilizes the water. The prefilter and resin bed are suitably contained and are submerged in the pool. The sterilizer is water tight and located at the surface of the pool. The water is circulated from the pool through the prefilter, resin bed, and sterilizer by suitable pump or the like. In the preferred embodiment, the resin bed is contained within a tank which stands on the bottom of the pool and to which a base mounting the prefilter and pump is attached. An inlet for the pump is provided adjacent the bottom of the pool, while the sterilizer and outlet for the system is located adjacent the top of the pool.

Abbott, Michael L. (Fort Collins, CO); Lewis, Donald R. (Pocatello, ID)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Gas hydrate cool storage system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention presented relates to the development of a process utilizing a gas hydrate as a cool storage medium for alleviating electric load demands during peak usage periods. Several objectives of the invention are mentioned concerning the formation of the gas hydrate as storage material in a thermal energy storage system within a heat pump cycle system. The gas hydrate was formed using a refrigerant in water and an example with R-12 refrigerant is included. (BCS)

Ternes, M.P.; Kedl, R.J.

1984-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

238

Application of probabilistic risk assessment techniques during design phase for dry storage casks  

SciTech Connect

Canisters containing the Three Mile Island (TMI) spent fuel and debris are being stored in a storage pool at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). In order to store these canisters in dry storage casks, a system is being designed to remove entrained water from the canisters. The conceptual design for this drying process was evaluated in respect to the occurrence of a nuclear criticality. The system design was evaluated to address the mechanical failure of the components. Also, human interfaces with the equipment were assessed. The integration of these two facets resulted in a model that was quantified to calculate the occurrence frequency of a nuclear criticality. Changes to design, administrative guidelines, and procedures were recommended so that an acceptable level of risk based on nuclear criticality occurrence frequency could be achieved. 1 ref., 2 figs.

Hallbert, B.P.; Satterwhite, D.G.; Meale, B.M.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Powering of a Solar Heated Swimming Pool  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To drive the pumps of a 2.100 m2 solar thermal system that heats an outdoors swimming pool. This need is hourly in phase with...

Marc Van Gysel

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Solarized swimming: let the sun heat your pool for next to nothing  

SciTech Connect

Means are discussed for using solar energy to provide a comfortable temperature (75/sup 0/ to 85/sup 0/F) in the residential swimming pool. Means of heat escape from a swimming pool are given (10% radiation, 5% conduction, 20% convection, and 65% evaporation). Heating the 20,000 gallons of water in an average sized pool by conventional means can be prohibitively expensive. The advantages of using a clear pool cover to cut heat losses (largely by evaporation) are stressed. Costs and materials of covers are discussed. Coupled with the use of a pool cover, a solar heating unit is recommended. A typical unit is illustrated in which the solar flat-plate collectors are installed on a nearby garage or cabana roof. In a typical pool, a large part of the plumbing is already installed. Sources for additional information on solar heaters for swimming pools are given and typical energy savings for a pool equipped with cover and a solar heating system are tabulated for various areas of the country. (MJJ)

Langa, F.S.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pool storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Solar powered swimming pool skimmer  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a swimming pool skimmer assembly. It comprises: a U-shaped housing which includes two spaced-apart pontoons and a leg connecting the pontoons together, a paddle wheel assembly mounted on the housing and including, a motor having an output shaft, a gear reduction assembly connected to the motor output shaft and a paddle wheel means connected to the gear reduction assembly; a debris catcher mounted on the housing adjacent to the paddle wheel; power means on the housing and connected to the motor, including a solar cell array mounted on the housing connecting leg, and electrically connected to the motor, and a solar concentrator mounted on the housing adjacent to the solar cell; and an alarm circuit means connected to the debris catcher.

Distinti, J.A.; Fonti, R.G.

1992-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

242

Estimating Costs and Efficiency of Storage, Demand, and Heat...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

the stored water compared to the heat content of the water (water heaters with storage tanks) Cycling losses - the loss of heat as the water circulates through a water heater...

243

Public Swimming Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Public Swimming Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Public Swimming Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Public Swimming Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Public Swimming Pool Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Lakeview, Oregon Coordinates 42.1887721°, -120.345792° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

244

Baker Swimming Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Swimming Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Swimming Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Baker Swimming Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Baker Swimming Pool Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Baker, Oregon Coordinates Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

245

Cove Swimming Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Swimming Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Swimming Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Cove Swimming Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Cove Swimming Pool Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Cove, Oregon Coordinates 45.2965256°, -117.8079872° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

246

Homestead Crater Scuba Dive Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Crater Scuba Dive Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Crater Scuba Dive Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Homestead Crater Scuba Dive Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Homestead Crater Scuba Dive Pool Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Midway, Utah Coordinates 40.5121772°, -111.4743545° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

247

Hot Springs Soaking Pools Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Soaking Pools Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Soaking Pools Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Hot Springs Soaking Pools Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Hot Springs Soaking Pools Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Hay-Yo-Kay, New Mexico Coordinates Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

248

Klamath Swimming Pools (5) Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pools (5) Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Pools (5) Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Klamath Swimming Pools (5) Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Klamath Swimming Pools (5) Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Klamath Falls, Oregon Coordinates 42.224867°, -121.7816704° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

249

Bonneville Seabase Scuba Dive Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Seabase Scuba Dive Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Seabase Scuba Dive Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Bonneville Seabase Scuba Dive Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Bonneville Seabase Scuba Dive Pool Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Grantsville, Utah Coordinates 40.5999425°, -112.4643988° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

250

Moana Swimming Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Swimming Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Swimming Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Moana Swimming Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Moana Swimming Pool Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Reno, Nevada Coordinates 39.5296329°, -119.8138027° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

251

Stacy Park Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Stacy Park Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Stacy Park Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Stacy Park Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Stacy Park Pool Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Austin, Texas Coordinates 30.267153°, -97.7430608° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

252

Hobo Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Hobo Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Hobo Pool Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Saratoga, Wyoming Coordinates 41.4549621°, -106.8064263° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

253

Quantification of continual anthropogenic pollutants released in swimming pools  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Disinfection in swimming pools is often performed by chlorination, However, anthropogenic pollutants from swimmers will react with chlorine and form disinfection by-products (DBPs). \\{DBPs\\} are unwanted from a health point of view, because some are irritating, while others might be carcinogenic. The reduction of anthropogenic pollutants will lead to a reduction in DBPs. This paper investigates the continual release of anthropogenic pollutants by means of controlled sweat experiments in a pool tank during laboratory time-series experiments (LTS experiments) and also during on-site experiments (OS experiments) in a swimming pool. The sweat released during the OS and LTS experiments was very similar. The sweat rate found was 0.10.2L/m2/h at water temperatures below 29C and increased linearly with increasing water temperatures to 0.8L/m2/h at 35C. The continual anthropogenic pollutant release (CAPR) not only consisted of sweat, particles (mainly skin fragments and hair) and micro-organisms, but also sebum (skin lipids) has to be considered. The release of most components can be explained by the composition of sweat. The average release during 30min of exercise is 250mg/bather non-purgeable organic carbon (NPOC), 77.3mg/bather total nitrogen (TN), 37.1mg/bather urea and 10.1mg/bather ammonium. The release of NPOC cannot be explained by the composition of sweat and is most probably a result of sebum release. The average release of other components was 1.31נ109 # particles/bather (250?m), 5.2?g/bather intracellular adenosine triphosphate (cATP) and 9.3נ106 intact cell count/bather (iCC). The pool water temperature was the main parameter to restrain the CAPR. This study showed that a significant amount of the total anthropogenic pollutants release is due to unhygienic behaviour of bathers.

M.G.A. Keuten; M.C.F.M. Peters; H.A.M. Daanen; M.K. de Kreuk; L.C. Rietveld; J.C. van Dijk

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Energy Storage  

SciTech Connect

ORNL Distinguished Scientist Parans Paranthaman is discovering new materials with potential for greatly increasing batteries' energy storage capacity and bring manufacturing back to the US.

Paranthaman, Parans

2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

255

Energy Storage  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

ORNL Distinguished Scientist Parans Paranthaman is discovering new materials with potential for greatly increasing batteries' energy storage capacity and bring manufacturing back to the US.

Paranthaman, Parans

2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

256

A westward extension of the warm pool leads to a westward extension of the Walker circulation, drying eastern Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

impli- cations, informing agricultural development, environmental conservation, and water resourceA westward extension of the warm pool leads to a westward extension of the Walker circulation than the central tropical Pacific, extending the tropical warm pool to the west by *40° longitude ([4

Williams, Park

257

Shallow gene pools in the high intertidal: extreme loss of genetic diversity in viviparous sea stars (Parvulastra)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the high-intertidal gene pool. Funding statement This work...Point Brown The Granites Smooth Pools Eaglehawk Neck The Blowhole...Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (80). Federal Register...1558-5646.2009.00801.x ) 22 Waters, JM , and MS Roy. 2004 Phylogeography...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Investigations in cool thermal storage: storage process optimization and glycol sensible storage enhancement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

device in order to meet the utility's mandate. The first part of this study looks at the effects of adding propylene glycol to a static-water ice thermal storage tank, in the pursuit of increasing storage capacity. The effects of glycol addition...

Abraham, Michaela Marie

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Investigation of Pool Spreading and Vaporization Behavior in Medium-Scale LNG Tests  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A failure of a Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) tanker can occur due to collision or loading/unloading operation resulting in spillage of LNG on water. Upon release, a spreading liquid can form a pool with rapid vaporization leading to the formation of a flammable vapor cloud. Safety analysis for the protection of public and property involves the determination of consequences of such accidental releases. To address this complex pool spreading and vaporization phenomenon of LNG, an investigation is performed based on the experimental tests that were conducted by the Mary Kay OConnor Process Safety Center (MKOPSC) in 2007. The 2007 tests are a part of medium-scale experiments carried out at the Brayton Fire Training Field (BFTF), College Station. The dataset represents a semi-continuous spill on water, where LNG is released on a confined area of water for a specified duration of time. The pool spreading and vaporization behavior are validated using empirical models, which involved determination of pool spreading parameters and vaporization rates with respect to time. Knowledge of the pool diameter, pool height and spreading rate are found to be important in calculating the vaporization rates of the liquid pool. The paper also presents a method to determine the vaporization mass flux of LNG using water temperature data that is recorded in the experiment. The vaporization rates are observed to be high initially and tend to decrease once the pool stopped spreading. The results of the analysis indicated that a vaporization mass flux that is varying with time is required for accurate determination of the vaporization rate. Based on the data analysis, sources of uncertainties in the experimental data were identified to arise from ice formation and vapor blocking.

Nirupama Gopalaswami; R. Mentzer; M. Sam Mannan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Solar-heated municipal swimming pools, a case study: Dade County, Florida  

SciTech Connect

The experience of installing a solar energy system to heat the water in the swimming pool in one of Dade County, Florida's major parks is described and the mechanics of solar heated swimming pools are explained. The solar heating system consists of 216 unglazed polypropylene tube collectors, a differential thermostat, and the distribution system. The performance and economics of the system are discussed as well as future plants. (LEW)

Levin, M.

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pool storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Gas Storage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gas Storage Water Heaters to someone by E-mail Gas Storage Water Heaters to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Gas Storage Water Heaters on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Gas Storage Water Heaters on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Gas Storage Water Heaters on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Gas Storage Water Heaters on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Gas Storage Water Heaters on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Gas Storage Water Heaters on AddThis.com... Energy-Efficient Products Federal Requirements Covered Product Categories

262

Dependability of Wind Energy Generators with Short-Term Energy Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...ca-pacity must be enlarged, or storage facili-ties must be added...re-gions where reservoirs for pumped water storage are available, the wind...Examples of possible storage systems are batteries, flywheels, pumped water, compressed air...

BENT SRENSEN

1976-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

263

Evaluation of storing Shippingport Core II spent blanket fuel assemblies in the T Plant PWR Core II fuel pool without active cooling  

SciTech Connect

PWR Core II fuel pool chiller-off test was conducted because it appeared possible that acceptable pool-water temperatures could be maintained without operating the chillers, thus saving hundreds of thousands of dollars in maintenance and replacement costs. Test results showed that the water-cooling capability is no longer needed to maintain pool temperature below 38{degrees}C (100{degrees}F).

Gilbert, E.R.; Lanning, D.D. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Dana, C.M.; Hedengren, D.C. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Monitoring and simulation of the thermal performance of solar heated outdoor swimming pools  

SciTech Connect

Based on detailed measurements of two outdoor swimming pools (at Leonberg and Moehringen) a computer model has been developed and validated for the simulation of the thermal behaviour of such pools. The subroutine is compatible to TRNSYS 13.1. Correlations for the heat losses due to evaporation, convection, and radiation were taken from literature and tested in the model. It was not possible to select one optimal correlation for the description of the evaporative heat losses of both swimming pools due to the different exposure to wind. Using the most suitable correlation for the evaporative heat losses of each pool allowed for the simulation of the pool temperature with less than 0.5 K standard deviation between measured and simulated temperature. the major problem was the measurement of the relevant wind speed to be used in the correlations describing the evaporative heat losses under real outdoor conditions. A method is described detailing how to calibrate the model using the heating energy requirement and the measured pool temperature during actual operation periods. The analysis of the measured data of two different outdoor swimming pools under the same climatic conditions showed differences of a factor 2 and more in the heat demand per unit pool area. This was mainly caused by the difference in local wind speed which differed by more than a factor 4. The two pools investigated were heated by solar energy with a fraction of 28% and 14%, respectively, and the seasonal efficiency of the solar systems was 37.7% and 33.4%. Simulations show that a reduction of the water temperature from 24[degrees]C to 22[degrees]C during periods with low outdoor temperatures and few visitors, reduces the fuel consumption to less than half and increases the solar fraction from 28% to 50% in one pool.

Hahne, E.; Kuebler, R. (Universitaet Stuttgart (Germany))

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

NETL: Carbon Storage FAQs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

different options for CO2 storage? different options for CO2 storage? Oil and gas reservoirs, many containing carbon dioxide (CO2), as well as natural deposits of almost pure CO2, can be found in many places in the United States and around the world. These are examples of long-term storage of CO2 by nature, where "long term" means millions of years. Their existence demonstrates that naturally occurring geologic formations and structures of various kinds are capable of securely storing CO2 deep in the subsurface for very long periods of time. Because of the economic importance of oil and gas, scientists and engineers have studied these natural deposits for many decades in order to understand the physical and chemical processes which led to their formation. There are also many decades of engineering experience in subsurface operations similar to those needed for CO2 storage. The most directly applicable experience comes from the oil industry, which, for 40 years, has injected CO2 in depleted oil reservoirs for the recovery of additional product through enhanced oil recovery (EOR). Additional experience comes from natural gas storage operations, which have utilized depleted gas reservoirs, as well as reservoirs containing only water. Scientists and engineers are now combining the knowledge obtained from study of natural deposits with experience from analogous operations as a basis for studying the potential for large-scale storage of CO2 in the deep subsurface.

266

Chemical Hydrogen Storage Center Center of Excellence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

alternatives and assess economics and life cycle analysis of borohydride/water to hydrogen · Millennium CellChemical Hydrogen Storage Center Center of Excellence for Chemical Hydrogen Storage William Tumas proprietary or confidential information #12;2 Chemical Hydrogen Storage Center Overview Project Start Date: FY

Carver, Jeffrey C.

267

Water Heating | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

to cut your water heating bill. Estimating Costs and Efficiency of Storage, Demand, and Heat Pump Water Heaters A water heater's energy efficiency is determined by the energy...

268

Marketing Cool Storage Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

storage has been substantiated. bv research conducted by Electric Power Research Institute, and by numerous installations, it has become acknowledged that cool stora~e can provide substantial benefits to utilities and end-users alike. A need was reco...~ned to improve utility load factors, reduce peak electric demands, and other-wise mana~e the demand-side use of electricity. As a result of these many pro~rams, it became apparent that the storage of coolin~, in the form of chilled water, ice, or other phase...

McCannon, L.

269

Impact of Pacific and Atlantic sea surface temperatures on interannual and decadal variations of GRACE land water storage in tropical South America  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

re season severity in South America using sea surface tem-storage in tropical South America, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. ,hydroclimatology of tropical South America is characterized

de Linage, Caroline; Kim, Hyungjun; Famiglietti, James S; Yu, Jin-Yi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Enhancement of Pool Boiling Heat Transfer in Confined Space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pool boiling is an effective method used in many technical applications for a long time. Its highly efficient heat transfer performance results from not only the convection effect but also the phase change process in pool boiling. Pool boiling...

Hsu, Chia-Hsiang

2014-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

271

Genepool variation in Caledonian and European Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) revealed by chloroplast simplesequence repeats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...documented the need for conservation of this derelict...Conkle 1983; Waters & Schaal 1991...poten- tial and conservation value of a near-derelict...1977 The gene-pool of Caledonian Scots pine its conservation and uses. In Native...

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

cryogenic storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Storage in which (a) the superconductive property of materials is used to store data and (b) use is made of the phenomenon that superconductivity is destroyed in the presence of a magnetic field, thus enabling...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Hydrogen Storage  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

On-board hydrogen storage for transportation applications continues to be one of the most technically challenging barriers to the widespread commercialization of hydrogen-fueled vehicles. The EERE...

274

Non-tuberculous mycobacteria, amoebae and bacterial indicators in swimming pool and spa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Non-tuberculous mycobacteria are microorganisms commonly living in the environment. Nevertheless, most of them are opportunistic pathogens. To verify their concentrations in swimming pool and spa, analyses were performed on water and biofilm samples and the data were correlated to the global microbiological quality of water. The 93% of samples were found positive for the investigated bacteria. All water samples were positive for mycobacteria with higher densities in the whirlpool (105cfu/L). Swimming pool samples showed variable counts ranging from 29 to 7נ104cfu/L while similar levels of mycobacteria (around to 102cfu/L) characterized water samples from the spa. The 80% of the biofilm samples were positive and one of them was characterized by very high densities (3.7נ103cfu/cm2). The most frequently isolated species was Mycobacterium mucogenicum followed by Mycobacterium immunogenum. Free-living amoebae were never detected in swimming pools and in the whirlpool, while they were found in 75% of spa samples and in 67% of biofilm samples. The mean values of heterotrophic bacteria in swimming pool water were similar to those observed in spa water at both temperatures. Higher values were detected in the whirlpool. Microbial indicators of fecal contamination, Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were never detected both in water and in biofilm samples. No correlation exists between the monitoring controls carried out by law and the occurrence of mycobacteria that may represent a potential risk in facilities such as those investigated.

Rossella Briancesco; Pierluigi Meloni; Maurizio Semproni; Lucia Bonadonna

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

The effects of friction from support surfaces on the dynamic motion of free standing spent fuel rack submerged in water  

SciTech Connect

The friction resistance between rack supports and a pool floor liner plays an important role in the description of the dynamic motion behavior of free standing spent fuel storage racks submerged in water within a pool. The effects of varying the Coulomb friction coefficient was investigated on the dynamic response of a typical rack module subjected to three dimensional seismic floor excitations. The rack, fuel bundle, adjacent racks and pool wall, and surrounding water are hydrodynamically coupled. The fluid-structure interaction (FSI) induced is included in the nonlinear dynamic time history analysis using the added-hydrodynamic-mass concept based on potential theory per the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) acceptance criteria. The rack module is described using a three dimensional (3-D) stick finite element model including the possible dynamic behavior of the impacts of fuel-rack, rack-rack, and rack-pool wall, the tilting or uplift and the frictional sliding of the rack supports, and the frictional sliding of the rack supports, and the impacts of the rack supports to the pool floor. Some response results for two typical friction coefficients are presented and discussed in a more quantitative manner.

Zhao, Yong; Wilson, P.R.; Stevenson, J.D. [Stevenson and Associates, Inc., Cleveland, OH (United States)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Algae Computer Simulation: Growth Forecasting Within A Swimming Pool Environment.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??An issue with the utilization of swimming pools is that pumps are operated an excessive number of hours to keep the pool free of debris (more)

Ballard, Roderick Chevelle

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Solar Heated Swimming Pools in Europe an EC Demonstration Programme  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

About 50 swimming pools in nine countries of the EC are ... At the end of 1983 data of 32 pools were available.

Ulrich Luboschik; Willi Kaut

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Calvary Chapel Conference Center Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Calvary Chapel Conference Center Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Calvary Chapel Conference Center Pool & Spa Low Temperature...

279

Jacumba Hot Springs Health Spa Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jacumba Hot Springs Health Spa Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Jacumba Hot Springs Health Spa Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

280

Steamboat Springs Health and Rec. Pool & Spa Low Temperature...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Springs Health and Rec. Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Steamboat Springs Health and Rec. Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pool storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Environmental impacts of proposed Monitored Retrievable Storage  

SciTech Connect

This report describes environmental impacts from a proposed monitored retrievable storage facility for spent fuels to be located in Tennessee. Areas investigated include: water supply, ground water, air quality, solid waste management, and health hazards. (CBS)

Not Available

1985-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

282

Southwest Power Pool | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Southwest Power Pool Southwest Power Pool Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 90, and contains only the reference case. The data is broken down into electric power sector, cumulative planned additions,cumulative unplanned additions,cumulative retirements, end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO EIA Electric Power projections South Southwest Power Pool Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - Southwest Power Pool / South- Reference Case (xls, 259 KiB)

283

Analysis of Bitcoin Pooled Mining Reward Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we describe the various scoring systems used to calculate rewards of participants in Bitcoin pooled mining, explain the problems each were designed to solve and analyze their respective advantages and disadvantages.

Rosenfeld, Meni

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Northwest Power Pool Area | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Northwest Power Pool Area Northwest Power Pool Area Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 93, and contains only the reference case. The data is broken down into electric power sector, cumulative planned additions,cumulative unplanned additions,cumulative retirements, end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO EIA Electric Power Northwest Power Pool Area projections Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - Western Electricity Coordinating Council / Northwest Power Pool Area (xls, 259.1 KiB)

285

Caliente City Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Caliente City Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Caliente City Pool Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Caliente, Nevada Coordinates 37.6149648°, -114.5119378° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

286

Foreign programs for the storage of spent nuclear power plant fuels, high-level waste canisters and transuranic wastes  

SciTech Connect

The various national programs for developing and applying technology for the interim storage of spent fuel, high-level radioactive waste, and TRU wastes are summarized. Primary emphasis of the report is on dry storage techniques for uranium dioxide fuels, but data are also provided concerning pool storage.

Harmon, K.M.; Johnson, A.B. Jr.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Groundwater and Terrestrial Water Storage,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

area experienced hot winds and extreme fire hazards. ForestPDO downwelling-favorable winds. Extremes were consistentlyextremes. The Southern An- nular Mode (SAM), which affects the westerly wind

Rodell, M; Chambers, D P; Famiglietti, J S

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Water ingestion during water recreation5 Samuel Dorevitch a,b,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and fishing among 2705 people. Second, at outdoor swimming pools, survey research methods and the analysis of cyanuric acid, a tracer of swimming pool water, were used to characterize water ingestion among 662 people ingestion. One published study estimated rates of water ingestion during swimming, but estimates of water

Illinois at Chicago, University of

289

Licensing of spent fuel dry storage and consolidated rod storage: A Review of Issues and Experiences  

SciTech Connect

The results of this study, performed by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) and sponsored by the US Department of Energy (DOE), respond to the nuclear industry's recommendation that a report be prepared that collects and describes the licensing issues (and their resolutions) that confront a new applicant requesting approval from the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) for dry storage of spent fuel or for large-scale storage of consolidated spent fuel rods in pools. The issues are identified in comments, questions, and requests from the NRC during its review of applicants' submittals. Included in the report are discussions of (1) the 18 topical reports on cask and module designs for dry storage fuel that have been submitted to the NRC, (2) the three license applications for dry storage of spent fuel at independent spent fuel storage installations (ISFSIs) that have been submitted to the NRC, and (3) the three applications (one of which was later withdrawn) for large-scale storage of consolidated fuel rods in existing spent fuel storage pools at reactors that were submitted tot he NRC. For each of the applications submitted, examples of some of the issues (and suggestions for their resolutions) are described. The issues and their resolutions are also covered in detail in an example in each of the three subject areas: (1) the application for the CASTOR V/21 dry spent fuel storage cask, (2) the application for the ISFSI for dry storage of spent fuel at Surry, and (3) the application for full-scale wet storage of consolidated spent fuel at Millstone-2. The conclusions in the report include examples of major issues that applicants have encountered. Recommendations for future applicants to follow are listed. 401 refs., 26 tabs.

Bailey, W.J.

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Nuclear Industry Input to the Development of Concepts for the Consolidated Storage of Used Nuclear Fuel - 13411  

SciTech Connect

EnergySolutions and its team partners, NAC International, Exelon Nuclear Partners, Talisman International, TerranearPMC, Booz Allen Hamilton and Sargent and Lundy, have carried out a study to develop concepts for a Consolidated Storage Facility (CSF) for the USA's stocks of commercial Used Nuclear Fuel (UNF), and the packaging and transport provisions required to move the UNF to the CSF. The UNF is currently stored at all 65 operating nuclear reactor sites in the US, and at 10 shutdown sites. The study was funded by the US Department of Energy and followed the recommendations of the Blue Ribbon Commission on America's Nuclear Future (BRC), one of which was that the US should make prompt efforts to develop one or more consolidated storage facilities for commercial UNF. The study showed that viable schemes can be devised to move all UNF and store it at a CSF, but that a range of schemes is required to accommodate the present widely varying UNF storage arrangements. Although most UNF that is currently stored at operating reactor sites is in water-filled pools, a significant amount is now dry stored in concrete casks. At the shutdown sites, the UNF is dry stored at all but two of the ten sites. Various types of UNF dry storage configurations are used at the operating sites and shutdown sites that include vertical storage casks that are also licensed for transportation, vertical casks that are licensed for storage only, and horizontally orientated storage modules. The shutdown sites have limited to nonexistent UNF handling infrastructure and several no longer have railroad connections, complicating UNF handling and transport off the site. However four methods were identified that will satisfactorily retrieve the UNF canisters within the storage casks and transport them to the CSF. The study showed that all of the issues associated with the transportation and storage of UNF from all sites in the US can be accommodated by adopting a staged approach to the construction of the CSF. Stage 1 requires only a cask storage pad and railroad interface to be constructed, and the CSF can then receive the UNF that is in transportable storage casks. Stage 2 adds a canister handling facility, a storage cask fabrication facility and an expanded storage pad, and enables the receipt of all canistered UNF from both operating and shutdown sites. Stage 3 provides a repackaging facility with a water-filled pool that provides flexibility for a range of repackaging scenarios. This includes receiving and repackaging 'bare' UNF into suitable canisters that can be placed into interim storage at the CSF, and enables UNF that is being received, or already in storage onsite, to be repackaged into canisters that are suitable for disposal at a geologic repository. The study used the 'Total System Model' (TSM) to analyze a range of CSF capacities and operating scenarios with differing parameters covering UNF pickup orders, one or more CSF sites, CSF start dates, CSF receipt rates and geologic repository start dates. The TSM was originally developed to model movement of UNF to the Yucca Mountain repository and was modified for this study to enable the CSF to become the 'gateway' to a future geologic repository. The TSM analysis enabled costs to be estimated for each scenario and showed how these are influenced by each of the parameters. This information will provide essential underpinning for a future Conceptual Design preparation. (authors)

Phillips, Chris; Thomas, Ivan; McNiven, Steven [EnergySolutions Federal EPC., 2345 Stevens Drive, Richland, WA, 99354 (United States)] [EnergySolutions Federal EPC., 2345 Stevens Drive, Richland, WA, 99354 (United States); Lanthrum, Gary [NAC International, 3930 East Jones Bridge Road, Norcross, GA, 30092 (United States)] [NAC International, 3930 East Jones Bridge Road, Norcross, GA, 30092 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Revised 4/7/14 POOL USE REQUEST FORM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-2873 Swimming Pool (during pool hours) 344-3496 Responsibilities of the host upon Approval of this requestRevised 4/7/14 POOL USE REQUEST FORM Building 478 Activity As the hosting BNL Employee, YOU MUST be present at this function. Check with Pool for availability, ext. 3496

292

REVIEWARTICLE Creating Successful Vernal Pools: A Literature Review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to mitigate losses through pool creation or restoration. However, mitigation efforts often fail to provide suitable aquatic habitat for vernal pool amphibians. We review the literature on pool creation ecosystems and the historical and current distribution of pools and other wetlands in their local context

Richter, Stephen C.

293

2015 Resource Pool - Sierra Nevada Region - Western Area Power  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2015 Resource Pool 2015 Resource Pool 2015 Resource Pool Updates 2015 Base Resource Percentages Including Resource Pool Allocations Federal Register Notices Final 2015 Resource Pool Allocations (PDF 147KB) Proposed Allocations FRN (PDF - 59KB) Notice of Extension (PDF - 49KB) Applicant Profile Data Form (WORD - 89KB) Call for 2015 Resource Pool Applications (PDF - 70KB) Final 2015 Resource Pool Size and Revised Eligibility Criteria (PDF - 57.4KB) Proposed 2015 Resource Pool Size and Revised Eligibility Criteria (PDF - 60.7KB) Public Meetings Comment Forum on the Proposed 2015 Resource Pool Size and Eligibility Criteria Date: Wednesday, May 21, 2008, at 1:00 p.m., PST Location: Lake Natoma Inn located at 702 Gold Lake Drive, Folsom, California Comments on 2015 Resource Pool Size and General Eligibility Criteria

294

Condensation enhancement on a pool surface caused by a submerged liquid jet  

SciTech Connect

One advanced nuclear reactor design has a residual heat removal (RHR) pipe connected to the bottom of a steam generator outlet plenum. The water in the plenum can become thermally stratified during postulated loss of coolant accidents. Cold water injected through the RHR pipe has the potential effect of increasing the steam condensation on the pool surface due to the stirring action of the jet. The amount of increase depends on a number of factors, including the jet velocity and the pool height above the jet injection point. Prediction of steam condensation rates, before and after the jet breaks the pool surface, is the topic of this paper. Data and correlations exist for pre surface breakthrough and a method has been developed for post breakthrough. The models have been incorporated into the reactor safety analysis computer software known as RELAP5. Comparisons of predictions against data are presented.

Shumway, R.W.

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

AQUIFER THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

using aquifers for thermal energy storage. Problems outlinedmatical Modeling of Thermal Energy Storage in Aquifers,"ings of Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage Workshop, Lawrence

Tsang, C.-F.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Dehumidifying water heater  

SciTech Connect

Drawings and specifications are included for the system to heat water for the swimming pool and dehumidify the building of the Glen Cove YMCA. An overview is presented of the Nautica product used in this system. (MHR)

Not Available

1992-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

297

What about behaviours in swimming pools? Results of an Italian multicentre study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The behaviour of swimming pool users plays an important role in the prevention of chemical, microbial and physical risks associated with these recreational water environments. The aim of this study was to evaluate the hygiene-related behaviours and knowledge of users of indoor swimming pools in five Italian cities. A cross-sectional study was carried out using an anonymous self-administered questionnaire. The association between specific variables and patterns of behaviours and knowledge was assessed. A total of 4315 questionnaires were analysed. Of all respondents, 41.7% declared they had never read the swimming pool rules; 70.9% take a shower before entering the swimming pool; 13.5% said they urinated at least once in a swimming pool; 93.9% always wear proper footwear; 92.1% know what warts are and 69.3% know what mycosis is. A significant association was found between not reading the pool rules and unsafe behaviours, such as not showering (OR: 1.44, 95% CI 1.251.65), urinating in the pool (OR: 1.70, 95% CI 1.412.03) and not wearing any footwear (OR: 1.24, 95% CI 0.961.62). Male gender was significantly associated with urinating in the swimming pool (OR: 1.45, 95% CI 1.211.74) and not wearing footwear (OR: 1.71, 95% CI 1.322.23), but it showed to be protective against not showering (OR: 0.78, 95% CI 0.680.89). An age ?18years was a risk factor for not reading the pool rules (OR: 2.32, 95% CI 2.052.63), not wearing footwear (OR: 2.16, 95% CI 1.672.82) and not knowing what mycosis (OR: 7.04, 95% CI 5.349.27) and warts (OR: 7.94, 95% CI 6.869.20) are. Results reveal that incorrect behaviours are widespread among swimming pool users and that there is little awareness of the importance of reading pool rules for reducing health risks.

Cesira Pasquarella; Licia Veronesi; Christian Napoli; Silvana Castaldi; Maria Luisa Pasquarella; Elisa Saccani; Maria Eugenia Colucci; Francesco Auxilia; Francesca Gall; Valeria Di Onofrio; Silvio Tafuri; Carlo Signorelli; Giorgio Liguori

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Summary To determine the effects of lifting time and stor-age on water-stress resistance of nursery-grown white spruce  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

assimilation, mesophyll conductance, stomatal conductance, water-use efficiency. Introduction Water stressSummary To determine the effects of lifting time and stor- age on water-stress resistance in January 1992. The seedlings were placed in nutrient solution and subjected to ­1.1 or ­2.7 MPa water

Macdonald, Ellen

299

Acoustic resonances in the bubble plume formed by a plunging water jet  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...entering the pool were carefully...air-to-water volume fluxes...based on the conservation of momentum...entering the pool were carefully...air-to-water volume fluxes...based on the conservation of momentum...formed in a pool of fresh water by a vertical...based on the conservation of downward...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Energy Storage  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Daniel R. Borneo, PE Daniel R. Borneo, PE Sandia National Laboratories September 27, 2007 San Francisco, CA PEER REVIEW 2007 DOE(SNL)/CEC Energy Storage Program FYO7 Projects Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. 2 Presentation Outline * DOE(SNL)/CEC Collaboration - Background of DOE(SNL)/CEC Collaboration - FY07 Project Review * Zinc Bromine Battery (ZBB) Demonstration * Palmdale Super capacitor Demonstration * Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) Regional Transit (RT) Super capacitor demonstration * Beacon Flywheel Energy Storage System (FESS) 3 Background of DOE(SNL)/CEC Collaboration * Memorandum of Understanding Between CEC and DOE (SNL). - In Place since 2004

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pool storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Energy Storage  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Development Concept Development Concept Nitrogen-Air Battery F.M. Delnick, D. Ingersoll, K.Waldrip Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, NM presented to U.S. DOE Energy Storage Systems Research Program Washington, DC November 2-4, 2010 Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin company, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. Funded by the Energy Storage Systems Program of the U.S. Department Of Energy through Sandia National Laboratories Full Air Breathing Battery Concept * Concept is to use O 2 and N 2 as the electrodes in a battery * Novel because N 2 is considered inert * Our group routinely reacts N 2 electrochemically

302

Enhancing Electrical Supply by Pumped Storage in Tidal Lagoons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

months of 2006. Thanks to Heriot­Watt University Physics Department. Storage and wind Offshore wind farms the Aluminium plant and the water- purification factory only when the wind blows. A third approach is storage

MacKay, David J.C.

303

Installing and Operating an Efficient Swimming Pool Pump | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Installing and Operating an Efficient Swimming Pool Pump Installing and Operating an Efficient Swimming Pool Pump Installing and Operating an Efficient Swimming Pool Pump May 29, 2012 - 7:54pm Addthis Photo courtesy iStockphoto.com Photo courtesy iStockphoto.com What does this mean for me? Use the smallest size pump possible for your swimming pool. Reduce the time your pool pump operates to save money while still keeping your pool clean. You can save energy and maintain a comfortable swimming pool temperature by using a smaller, higher efficiency pump and by operating it less. In a study of 120 pools by the Center for Energy Conservation at Florida Atlantic University, some pool owners saved as much as 75% of their original pumping bill when they used these energy conservation measures (see table below). Table 1. Savings from Pump Conservation Measures

304

O R E G O N S T A T E U N I V E R S I T Y E x t e n s i o n S e r v i c e WATER STORAGE FOR EMERGENCIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.25% sodium hypochlorite). Large clean pan with lid for boiling water Purification Procedure Filter water the water in clean foodgrade containers. Adapted from Federal Emergency Management System, CornellO R E G O N S T A T E U N I V E R S I T Y E x t e n s i o n S e r v i c e WATER STORAGE

Tullos, Desiree

305

gas cylinder storage guidelines  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Compressed Gas Cylinder Storage Guidelines Compressed Gas Cylinder Storage Guidelines All cylinders must be stored vertical, top up across the upper half the cylinder but below the shoulder. Small cylinder stands or other methods may be appropriate to ensure that the cylinders are secured from movement. Boxes, cartons, and other items used to support small cylinders must not allow water to accumulate and possible cause corrosion. Avoid corrosive chemicals including salt and fumes - keep away from direct sunlight and keep objects away that could fall on them. Use Gas pressure regulators that have been inspected in the last 5 years. Cylinders that contain fuel gases whether full or empty must be stored away from oxidizer cylinders at a minimum of 20 feet. In the event they are stored together, they must be separated by a wall 5 feet high with

306

Contractor's case study: the Petaluma pool  

SciTech Connect

The design of a solar heating system for a swim center is discussed. The heating system for the 12,000 ft/sup 2/ municipal pool employs a massive array of solar collectors along with the necessary piping, pumps, and sensors.

Livingston, J.

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Facilities Cost Pool: Maintenance Service Responsibilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

C 16 EXTERIOR LANDSCAPING University Standard FM FM C 17 EXTERIOR STD BUILDING SIGNS FM FM FM FM FMD 22 DATA POINT MONITORING Environmental building standard FM FM C Cost Pool: Maintenance Service Responsibilities 2 Table of Contents 3 Building Shell

Gulliver, Robert

308

Viral Pollution of Surface Waters Due to Chlorinated Primary Effluents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...gerous wastes into the water environment is likely...logical approach to better water conservation as well as minimizing...combinations ofantiserum pools. Application to typing...Health factors and reused waters. J. Am. Water Works...

Syed A. Sattar; J. C. N. Westwood

1978-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

A global optimization approach to pooling problems in refineries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of discretized pools Pk product k price Si available capacity of source i t number of intervals for a discretized range Uj upper bound of pool j capacity Zj total flow through pool j vii Variables bjq quality q of pool j fj binary... exceed the allowable number of pools (m). To resolve this issue, a 0/1 binary integer variable fj is introduced. If the pool j is used in the solution of (P?), then fj is assigned a value of 1, otherwise fj is 0. This constraint may be formulated...

Pham, Viet

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

310

Mycobacteria in Water and Loose Deposits of Drinking Water Distribution Systems in Finland  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...acid-fast organisms in water supply, treatment, and...distribution systems. J. Am. Water Works Assoc. 75: 139-144...mycobacteria from indoor swimming pools in Finland. APMIS 107...mycobacteria in brook waters. Appl. Environ. Microbiol...

Eila Torvinen; Sini Suomalainen; Markku J. Lehtola; Ilkka T. Miettinen; Outi Zacheus; Lars Paulin; Marja-Leena Katila; Pertti J. Martikainen

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Storage Tanks (Arkansas) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Storage Tanks (Arkansas) Storage Tanks (Arkansas) Storage Tanks (Arkansas) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Fuel Distributor Industrial Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Program Info State Arkansas Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Environmental Quality The Storage Tanks regulations is a set of rules and permit requirements mandated by the Arkansas Pollution and Ecology Commission in order to protect the public health and the lands and the waters of the State of Arkansas. They are promulgated pursuant to Arkansas Code Annotated 8-7-801 and the Petroleum Storage Trust Fund Act 8-7-901. It covers all storage tanks, above (AST) and underground (UST). Most importantly these regulations establish that all owners and operators of storage tanks must

312

The used nuclear fuel problem - can reprocessing and consolidated storage be complementary?  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes our CISF (Consolidated Interim Storage Facilities) and Reprocessing Facility concepts and show how they can be combined with a geologic repository to provide a comprehensive system for dealing with spent fuels in the USA. The performance of the CISF was logistically analyzed under six operational scenarios. A 3-stage plan has been developed to establish the CISF. Stage 1: the construction at the CISF site of only a rail receipt interface and storage pad large enough for the number of casks that will be received. The construction of the CISF Canister Handling Facility, the Storage Cask Fabrication Facility, the Cask Maintenance Facility and supporting infrastructure are performed during stage 2. The construction and placement into operation of a water-filled pool repackaging facility is completed for Stage 3. By using this staged approach, the capital cost of the CISF is spread over a number of years. It also allows more time for a final decision on the geologic repository to be made. A recycling facility will be built, this facility will used the NUEX recycling process that is based on the aqueous-based PUREX solvent extraction process, using a solvent of tri-N-butyl phosphate in a kerosene diluent. It is capable of processing spent fuels at a rate of 5 MT per day, at burn-ups up to 50 GWD per ton of spent fuels and a minimum of 5 years out-of-reactor cooling.

Phillips, C.; Thomas, I. [EnergySolutions Federal EPC., 2345 Stevens Drive, Richland, WA 99354 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Integration of a "Passive Water Recovery" MEA into a Portable...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Fan Water Storage Water Separator Water Pump Condenser Cooling Fan Air Exhaust Radiator heat exchanger requires large surface area Water recovery components are heavy and bulky -...

314

Continuous Commissioning(SM) of a Thermal Storage System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

shows that commissioning of the thermal storage system is not limited to the storage tank itself, but is closely related to successful commissioning of building air handling units (AHUs) and chilled water loops. The full benefit of a thermal storage... than a dozen major buildings. The storage system was installed after a campus-wide energy efficiency retrofit. It is designed to store 42?F chilled water with a return water temperature of 56?F. Total storage capacity is 7000 ton-hours. The tank...

Turner, W. D.; Liu, M.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Gas storage materials, including hydrogen storage materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A material for the storage and release of gases comprises a plurality of hollow elements, each hollow element comprising a porous wall enclosing an interior cavity, the interior cavity including structures of a solid-state storage material. In particular examples, the storage material is a hydrogen storage material, such as a solid state hydride. An improved method for forming such materials includes the solution diffusion of a storage material solution through a porous wall of a hollow element into an interior cavity.

Mohtadi, Rana F; Wicks, George G; Heung, Leung K; Nakamura, Kenji

2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

316

IS URBAN LOGISTICS POOLING VIABLE? A MULTISTAKEHOLDER MULTICRITERIA ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IS URBAN LOGISTICS POOLING VIABLE? A MULTISTAKEHOLDER MULTICRITERIA ANALYSIS Jesus Gonzalez. Urban consolidation and logistics sharing. III. Multi-stakeholder mutli-criteria methodology. A of application. V. Conclusion. ABSTRACT Collaborative transportation and logistics pooling are relatively new

Boyer, Edmond

317

SWIMMING POOL Monday-Thursday: 12-8pm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SWIMMING POOL Monday-Thursday: 12-8pm Friday: 12-5pm GYM 121 FALL 2012 OCTOBER 15th-DECEMBER 14th *NEW* Hip Hop 12-1pm (GYM 100C) -Susan Turbo Kick® 12-1pm (GYM 100J) -Laura Aqua Fit 12-1pm (Pool) -AQ (Pool) -AQ Staff H2O Aerobics 6-7pm (Pool) -AQ Staff Hatha Yoga Flow 12-1pm (BH6) -Meredith ZUMBA® 12

318

Seismic failure and cask drop analyses of the spent fuel pools at two representative nuclear power plants  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses work done in support of the resolution of Generic Issue-82, ''Beyond Design Basis Accidents in Spent Fuel Pools''. Specifically the probability of spent fuel pool failure due to earthquakes was determined for the pools at the Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Station (BWR) and the H. B. Robinson S.E. Plant, Unit 2 (PWR). The dominant failure mode for each pool was gross structural failure caused by seismic motion resulting in the loss of pool liner integrity. The resulting sudden loss of water was then assumed to lead to a self-propagating cladding failure and fission product inventory release from the spent fuel elements in the pool. The mean annual frequency of failure due to this failure mode was found to be 6.7E-06 at Vermont Yankee and 1.8E-06 at H. B. Robinson. Other earthquake induced failure modes studied but found to be less important were loss of pool cooling and make-up capability, fuel rack damage and loss of liner integrity due to a cask drop accident. 61 refs., 47 figs., 14 tabs.

Prassinos, P.G.; Kimura, C.Y.; McCallen, D.B.; Murray, R.C.; Ravindra, M.K.; Campbell, R.D.; Hashimoto, P.S.; Nafday, A.M.; Tong, W.H.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

New algebraic constructions for pooling design in DNA library screening  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pooling design is an important mathematical tool in DNA library screening. It has been showed that using pooling design, the number of tests in DNA library screening can be greatly reduced. In this paper, we present some new algebraic constructions for pooling design.

Zengti Li; Suogang Gao; Hongjie Du; Yan Shi; Weili Wu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Improving the performance of floating solar pool covers  

SciTech Connect

Experimental and analytical analyses are presented for the evaluation of heat transfer through floating solar swimming pool covers. Two improved floating solar swimming pool cover designs are proposed and investigated in this paper. The results conclusively show that both new cover designs should have significantly better performance than conventional floating solar swimming pool covers.

Cole, M.A.; Lowrey, P. (San Diego State Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering)

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pool storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Pool boiling on nano-finned surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is explored in this study. Experiments are conducted in a cubical test chamber containing fluoroinert coolant (PF5060, Manufacturer: 3M Co.) as the working fluid. Pool boiling experiments are conducted for saturation and subcooled conditions. Three...). .................................................................................................68 Fig. 19. Plots comparing the heat flux through the enhanced test surfaces (qw) with the heat flux through the bare test surface (qb) under 10 C sub-cooling condition for both nulceate and film boiling regimes. Heat flux data...

Sriraman, Sharan Ram

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

322

Rainwater Harvesting: Soil Storage and Infiltration System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A soil storage and infiltration system collects rainfall runoff from the roofs of buildings and directs it underground where it infiltrates the soil. Such a system conserves water and protects it from surface pollution. This publication describes...

Mechell, Justin; Lesikar, Bruce J.

2008-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

323

Solid-State Hydrogen Storage: Storage Capacity,Thermodynamics...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Storage: Storage Capacity,Thermodynamics and Kinetics. Solid-State Hydrogen Storage: Storage Capacity,Thermodynamics and Kinetics. Abstract: Solid-state reversible...

324

MELCOR Model of the Spent Fuel Pool of Fukushima Dai-ichi Unit 4  

SciTech Connect

Unit 4 of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant suffered a hydrogen explosion at 6:00 am on March 15, 2011, exactly 3.64 days after the earthquake hit the plant and the off-site power was lost. The earthquake occurred on March 11 at 2:47 pm. Since the reactor of this Unit 4 was defueled on November 29, 2010, and all its fuel was stored in the spent fuel pool (SFP4), it was first believed that the explosion was caused by hydrogen generated by the spent fuel, in particular, by the recently discharged core. The hypothetical scenario was: power was lost, cooling to the SFP4 water was lost, pool water heated/boiled, water level decreased, fuel was uncovered, hot Zircaloy reacted with steam, hydrogen was generated and accumulated above the pool, and the explosion occurred. Recent analyses of the radioisotopes present in the water of the SFP4 and underwater video indicated that this scenario did not occur - the fuel in this pool was not damaged and was never uncovered the hydrogen of the explosion was apparently generated in Unit 3 and transported through exhaust ducts that shared the same chimney with Unit 4. This paper will try to answer the following questions: Could that hypothetical scenario in the SFP4 had occurred? Could the spent fuel in the SPF4 generate enough hydrogen to produce the explosion that occurred 3.64 days after the earthquake? Given the magnitude of the explosion, it was estimated that at least 150 kg of hydrogen had to be generated. As part of the investigations of this accident, MELCOR models of the SFP4 were prepared and a series of calculations were completed. The latest version of MELCOR, version 2.1 (Ref. 1), was employed in these calculations. The spent fuel pool option for BWR fuel was selected in MELCOR. The MELCOR model of the SFP4 consists of a total of 1535 fuel assemblies out of which 548 assemblies are from the core defueled on Nov. 29, 2010, 783 assemblies are older assemblies, and 204 are new/fresh assemblies. The total decay heat of the fuel in the pool was, at the time of the accident, 2.284 MWt, of which 1.872 MWt were from the 548 assemblies of the last core discharged and 0.412 MWt were from the older 783 assemblies. These decay heat values were calculated at Oak Ridge National Laboratory using the ORIGEN2.2 code (Ref. 2) - they agree with values reported elsewhere (Ref. 3). The pool dimensions are 9.9 m x 12.2 m x 11.8 m (height), and with the water level at 11.5 m, the pool volume is 1389 m3, of which only 1240 m3 is water, as some volume is taken by the fuel and by the fuel racks. The initial water temperature of the SFP4 was assumed to be 301 K. The fuel racks are made of an aluminum alloy but are modeled in MELCOR with stainless steel and B4C. MELCOR calculations were completed for different initial water levels: 11.5 m (pool almost full, water is only 0.3 m below the top rim), 4.4577 m (top of the racks), 4.2 m, and 4.026 m (top of the active fuel). A calculation was also completed for a rapid loss of water due to a leak at the bottom of the pool, with the fuel rapidly uncovered and oxidized in air. Results of these calculations are shown in the enclosed Table I. The calculation with the initial water level at 11.5 m (full pool) takes 11 days for the water to boil down to the top of the fuel racks, 11.5 days for the fuel to be uncovered, 14.65 days to generate 150 kg of hydrogen and 19 days for the pool to be completely dry. The calculation with the initial water level at 4.4577 m, takes 1.1 days to uncover the fuel and 4.17 days to generate 150 kg of hydrogen. The calculation with the initial water level at 4.02 m takes 3.63 days to generate 150 kg of hydrogen this is exactly the time when the actual explosion occurred in Unit 4. Finally, fuel oxidation in air after the pool drained the water in 20 minutes, generates only 10 kg of hydrogen this is because very little steam is available and Zircaloy (Zr) oxidation with the oxygen of the air does not generate hydrogen. MELCOR calculated water levels and hydrogen generated in the SFP4 as a function of time for initial water le

Carbajo, Juan J [ORNL] [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Ground water contamination in the United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...volume of ground water in storage exceeds the vol-ume...geo-thermal water; intruded seawater; water affected by evapotranspiration...pressure and the volume in storage may fluctuate according...Estimates of ground water in storage in the United States...communities have over-pumped their freshwater aquifers...

VI Pye; R Patrick

1983-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

326

Moorland pools as refugia for endangered species characteristic of raised bog gradients  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In intact raised bog landscapes transitions from ombrotrophic into minerotrophic conditions occur. These gradients are lost from many bogs due to peat harvesting and drainage, and are difficult to restore. To determine which endangered species are characteristic of pristine raised bog gradients and their current status in degraded bogs, plants and macroinvertebrates were surveyed in Estonian intact raised bogs and Dutch degraded bog remnants. Dutch national distribution data were used to determine whether communities with these species occurred outside bog habitats. Water chemistry data were used to describe associated environmental conditions. Intact bog gradients were the preferred habitat for six plant species and fifteen macroinvertebrate species, all of which are endangered. In degraded bogs these species were scarce or not recorded. In intact bogs these species lived at sites where runoff from the bog massif came into contact with regional ground water resulting in a gradient in pH, alkalinity, Ca, Fe and ionic ratio. Analysis of Dutch national distribution data revealed aggregations of these endangered species in moorland pools. These pools contained water chemistry gradients similar to those found in pristine bogs, which occurred at sites were groundwater seepage and stream water came in contact. In the past, stream water has been used to increase pH and trophic status of moorland pools facilitating fisheries. Today, this practice offers a conservation strategy for the protection of endangered species for which no short-term alternatives are available.

Hein H. van Kleef; Gert-Jan A. van Duinen; Wilco C.E.P. Verberk; Rob S.E.W. Leuven; Gerard van der Velde; Hans Esselink

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Management effects on labile organic carbon pools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is well documented that increases in soil organic matter (SOM) improve soil physical properties and increase the overall fertility and sustainability of the soil. Research in SOM storage has recently amplified following the proposal...

Kolodziej, Scott Michael

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

328

A method of measuring a molten metal liquid pool volume  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of measuring a molten metal liquid pool volume and in particular molten titanium liquid pools, including the steps of (a) generating an ultrasonic wave at the surface of the molten metal liquid pool, (b) shining a light on the surface of a molten metal liquid pool, (c) detecting a change in the frequency of light, (d) detecting an ultrasonic wave echo at the surface of the molten metal liquid pool, and (e) computing the volume of the molten metal liquid. 3 figs.

Garcia, G.V.; Carlson, N.M., Donaldson, A.D.

1990-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

329

Carbon Storage in Basalt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...immobile and thus the storage more secure, though...continental margins have huge storage capacities adjacent...unlimited supplies of seawater. On the continents...present in the target storage formation can be pumped up and used to dissolve...

Sigurdur R. Gislason; Eric H. Oelkers

2014-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

330

Seasonal thermal energy storage  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the following: (1) the US Department of Energy Seasonal Thermal Energy Storage Program, (2) aquifer thermal energy storage technology, (3) alternative STES technology, (4) foreign studies in seasonal thermal energy storage, and (5) economic assessment.

Allen, R.D.; Kannberg, L.D.; Raymond, J.R.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Solar Thermal Energy Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Various types of thermal energy storage systems are introduced and their importance and desired characteristics are outlined. Sensible heat storage, which is one of the most commonly used storage systems in pract...

E. Payko; S. Kaka

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

An integrated approach for the verification of fresh mixed oxide fuel (MOX) assemblies at light water reactor MOX recycle reactors  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents an integrated approach for the verification of mixed oxide (MOX) fuel assemblies prior to their being loaded into the reactor. There is a coupling of the verification approach that starts at the fuel fabrication plant and stops with the transfer of the assemblies into the thermal reactor. The key measurement points are at the output of the fuel fabrication plant, the receipt at the reactor site, and the storage in the water pool as fresh fuel. The IAEA currently has the capability to measure the MOX fuel assemblies at the output of the fuel fabrication plants using a passive neutron coincidence counting systems of the passive neutron collar (PNCL) type. Also. at the MOX reactor pool, the underwater coincidence counter (UWCC) has been developed to measure the MOX assemblies in the water. The UWCC measurement requires that the fuel assembly be lifted about two meters up in the storage rack to avoid interference from the fuel that is stored in the rack. This paper presents a new method to verify the MOX fuel assemblies that are in the storage rack without the necessity of moving the fuel. The detector system is called the Underwater MOX Verification System (UMVS). The integration and relationship of the three measurements systems is described.

Menlove, Howard O [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lee, Sang - Yoon [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETIC ENERGY STORAGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hydro, compressed air, and battery energy storage are allenergy storage sys tem s suc h as pumped hydro and compressed air.

Hassenzahl, W.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Dehumidifying water heater  

SciTech Connect

The indoor swimming pool at the Glen Cove YMCA in Glen Cove, New York, has been selected for the dehumidification/water heating system demonstration project. This report provides the specifications for this system which includes a dehumidifier/air handler, condenser/water heater, and outdoor condenser. Current progress underway includes construction, vendor selection, and control system selection. (SM)

Stark, W.

1991-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

335

Weighted poolingpractical and cost-effective techniques for pooled high-throughput sequencing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Sophisticated pooling designs require belief-propagation...compressed sensing design remains an open one...strategies is based on crossing information between...problem along the pipeline does not influence...a first step in a road that may eventually utilize more complex designs to a greater benefit......

David Golan; Yaniv Erlich; Saharon Rosset

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

336

Environmental impacts of proposed Monitored Retrievable Storage. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report describes environmental impacts from a proposed monitored retrievable storage facility for spent fuels to be located in Tennessee. Areas investigated include: water supply, ground water, air quality, solid waste management, and health hazards. (CBS)

Not Available

1985-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

337

Storage | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Storage Storage Storage Energy storage isn’t just for AA batteries. Thanks to investments from the Energy Department's Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E), energy storage may soon play a bigger part in our electricity grid, making it possible to generate more renewable electricity. Learn more. Energy storage isn't just for AA batteries. Thanks to investments from the Energy Department's Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E), energy storage may soon play a bigger part in our electricity grid, making it possible to generate more renewable electricity. Learn more.

338

Blanketing effect of expansion foam on liquefied natural gas (LNG) spillage pool  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract With increasing consumption of natural gas, the safety of liquefied natural gas (LNG) utilization has become an issue that requires a comprehensive study on the risk of LNG spillage in facilities with mitigation measures. The immediate hazard associated with an LNG spill is the vapor hazard, i.e., a flammable vapor cloud at the ground level, due to rapid vaporization and dense gas behavior. It was believed that high expansion foam mitigated LNG vapor hazard through warming effect (raising vapor buoyancy), but the boil-off effect increased vaporization rate due to the heat from water drainage of foam. This work reveals the existence of blocking effect (blocking convection and radiation to the pool) to reduce vaporization rate. The blanketing effect on source term (vaporization rate) is a combination of boil-off and blocking effect, which was quantitatively studied through seven tests conducted in a wind tunnel with liquid nitrogen. Since the blocking effect reduces more heat to the pool than the boil-off effect adds, the blanketing effect contributes to the net reduction of heat convection and radiation to the pool by 70%. Water drainage rate of high expansion foam is essential to determine the effectiveness of blanketing effect, since water provides the boil-off effect.

Bin Zhang; Yi Liu; Tomasz Olewski; Luc Vechot; M. Sam Mannan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Condition Controlling and Monitoring of Indoor Swimming Pools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 CONDITION CONTROLLING AND MONITORING OF INDOOR SWIMMING POOLS Nissinen, Kari, VTT Building and Transport, PO Box 18021, FO-90571 Oulu Finland, Kauppinen, Timo, VTT Building and Transport, Hekkanen, Martti, VTT Building and Transport..., technical risk map, operation and maintenance manual, software INTRODUCTION There are about 250 indoor swimming pools and 50 indoor spas in public use in Finland. Typically, the indoor swimming pools are owned by the local community. The public...

Nissinen, K.; Kauppinen, T.; Hekkanen, M.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Distributed Energy Systems in California's Future: A Preliminary Report Volume 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Collector and Storage Requirements for Solar Sub-Gridsheater solar swimming pool heater solar-water storage househeater solar-air storage house heater solar cells other (

Balderston, F.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pool storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Evaluation of factors affecting the membrane filter technique for testing drinking water.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...processing of water samples, approximately...buffered dilution water, and these were...Because ofthe heat sensitivity of...in a boiling water bath. After...method gave higher recovery or was positive...and public swimming pools. Public water...

S C Hsu; T J Williams

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Solar pool heating system: An olympic-sized effort  

SciTech Connect

This article describes design and building of the Georgia Tech Aquatic Center Heliocol solar pool heating system, developed for the 1996 Olympics in Atlanta.

Sheinkopf, K.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Low Temperature Direct Use Pool & Spa Geothermal Facilities ...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

facilities found CSV Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleLowTemperatureDirectUsePool%26SpaGeothermalFacilities&oldid305628" Category: List of Low...

344

System for reducing heat losses from indoor swimming pools by use of automatic covers. [Quarterly] report No. 5, January 1, 1995--March 31, 1995  

SciTech Connect

To maintain comfortable and healthful temperatures in an indoor swimming pool, heat must be continually supplied to the pool water and to fresh air-that must be brought in for ventilation. Nearly all the heat added to the water is lost by evaporation into the air above the water surface. That very moist air must then be removed and replaced with relatively dry outdoor air that requires heating during most of the year. The cost of natural gas for supplying heat in a typical institutional pool is $10,000 to $25,000 Per Year. When the pool is not being used, typically half to two-thirds of the time, evaporation and the resulting heat demands can be eliminated by placing impervious covers on the water surface. On a schedule of use such as at Skyland, the pool can be covered and evaporation suppressed about two-thirds of the time, thereby saving about ten thousand dollars per year. Determination of the actual savings achieved by use of pool covers is the principal objective of this project. The program goal is the development of the technology and tools for achieving major reductions in the nation`s waste of energy.

NONE

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LBNL-1470E LBNL-1470E Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool Ranjit Bharvirkar, Grayson Heffner and Charles Goldman Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Environmental Energy Technologies Division January 2009 The work described in this report was funded by the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, Permitting, Siting and Analysis of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of

346

NREL: Energy Storage - Energy Storage Thermal Management  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Storage Thermal Management Infrared image of rectangular battery cell. Infrared thermal image of a lithium-ion battery cell with poor terminal design. Graph of relative...

347

NREL: Energy Storage - Energy Storage Systems Evaluation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Storage Systems Evaluation Photo of man standing between two vehicles and plugging the vehicle on the right into a charging station. NREL system evaluation has confirmed...

348

Designing Sustainable Wastewater Systems: Visual, Interactive Preference Elicitation Chamberlain, B., Taheri, H., Carenini, G., Poole, D., and berg, G.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Designing Sustainable Wastewater Systems: Visual, Interactive Preference Elicitation Chamberlain, B., Taheri, H., Carenini, G., Poole, D., and ?berg, G. Introduction The majority of water and wastewater and trade-offs made [4-7]. Our work aims to create computational tools for wastewater infrastructure design

Carenini, Giuseppe

349

Swimming pools as heat sinks for air conditioners: Model design and experimental validation for natural thermal behavior of the pool  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Swimming pools as thermal sinks for air conditioners could save approximately 40% on peak cooling power and 30% of overall cooling energy, compared to standard residential air conditioning. Heat dissipation from pools in semi-arid climates with large diurnal temperature shifts is such that pool heating and space cooling may occur concurrently; in which case heat rejected from cooling equipment could directly displace pool heating energy, while also improving space cooling efficiency. The performance of such a system relies on the natural temperature regulation of swimming pools governed by evaporative and convective heat exchange with the air, radiative heat exchange with the sky, and conductive heat exchange with the ground. This paper describes and validates a model that uses meteorological data to accurately predict the hourly temperature of a swimming pool to within 1.1C maximum error over the period of observation. A thorough review of literature guided our choice of the most appropriate set of equations to describe the natural mass and energy exchange between a swimming pool and the environment. Monitoring of a pool in Davis, CA, was used to confirm the resulting simulations. Comparison of predicted and observed pool temperature for all hours over a 56 day experimental period shows an R-squared relatedness of 0.967.

Jonathan Woolley; Curtis Harrington; Mark Modera

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Safety of interim storage solutions of used nuclear fuel during extended term  

SciTech Connect

In 2013, the total amount of stored used nuclear fuel (UNF) in the world will reach 225,000 T HM. The UNF inventory in wet storage will take up over 80% of the available total spent fuel pool (SFP) capacity. Interim storage solutions are needed. They give flexibility to the nuclear operators and ensure that nuclear reactors continue to operate. However, we need to keep in mind that they are also an easy way to differ final decision and implementation of a UNF management approach (recycling or final disposal). In term of public perception, they can have a negative impact overtime as it may appear that nuclear industry may have significant issues to resolve. In countries lacking an integrated UNF management approach, the UNF are being discharged from the SFPs to interim storage (mostly to dry storage) at the same rate as UNF is being discharged from reactors, as the SFPs at the reactor sites are becoming full. This is now the case in USA, Taiwan, Switzerland, Spain, South Africa and Germany. For interim storage, AREVA has developed different solutions in order to allow the continued operation of reactors while meeting the current requirements of Safety Authorities: -) Dry storage canisters on pads, -) Dual-purpose casks (dry storage and transportation), -) Vault dry storage, and -) Centralized pool storage.

Shelton, C.; Bader, S.; Issard, H.; Arslan, M. [AREVA, 7135 Minstrel Way, Suite 300 Columbia, MD 21045 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Adapting California's water management to climate change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

storage, water transfers, conservation, recycling, and desalination to meet changing demands. These same of agricultural water districts manage water supplies for California's farmers. Nearly 600 local wastewater utilities must meet water quality standards for municipal wastewater discharge. Most county governments

Pasternack, Gregory B.

352

Thermal Energy Storage for Vacuum Precoolers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

radically creating high peak demands and low load factors. An ice bank thermal energy storage (TES) and ice water vapor condenser were installed. The existing equipment and TES system were computer monitored to determine energy consumption and potential... efficiency at night. The ice bank thermal energy storage system has a 4.4 year simple payback. While building ice, the refrigeration system operated at a 6.26 Coefficient of Performance (COP). The refrigeration system operated more efficiently at night...

Nugent, D. M.

353

Underground Natural Gas Storage by Storage Type  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1973-2014 Withdrawals 43,752 63,495 73,368 47,070 52,054 361,393 1973-2014 Salt Cavern Storage Fields Natural Gas in Storage 381,232 399,293 406,677 450,460 510,558 515,041...

354

Solar heating of swimming pools for the subtropical coastal belt  

SciTech Connect

Consideration is given to heating a swimming pool to obtain all-year-round use or alternatively to extend the use of the pool into the winter period. The report has been prepared for Durban and other parts of the subtropical Coastal Belt as a guide for advising those who may consider using solar energy for such an undertaking.

Forbes, J.; Dobson, D.E.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Urban logistics pooling viabililty analysis via a multicriteria multiactor method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Urban logistics pooling viabililty analysis via a multicriteria multiactor method Jesus Gonzalez transportation and logistics pooling are relatively new concepts in research, but are very popular in practice. In the last years, collaborative transportation seems a good city logistics alternative to classical urban

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

356

ENERGY ABSORBER HEAT PUMP SYSTEM TO SUPPLEMENT HEAT RECOVERY SYSTEMS IN AN INDOOR SWIMMING POOL  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ABSTRACT Compared with convontional indoor swimming pools with traditional plant engineering, the Schwalmtal indoor swimming pool has a final energy consumption of just 40%. This low consumption is achieved by improved insulation of the building's enveloping surface, through the operation of systems for the recovery of heat from drain water and waste air as well as by the operation of a heat pump system to gain ambient heat. The decentralised heat recovery systems met between 40 and 80% of the heat requirements in the supply areas where they were used. The electric heat pump system, which is operated in the bivalent mode in parallel to a heating boiler, could generate 75% of the heat provided by the central heating circuit to meet the residual heat requirements. The report illustrates the structure of the residual heat requirements of the central heating circuit. A description is given of the measured coefficients of performance of the brine/water heat pump connected by a brine circuit with two different energy absorber types - energy stack and energy roof. Finally, the ambient energy gained with the absorbers is broken down into the various kinds of heat gains from radiation, convection, condensation etc. KEYWORDS Energy absorber; energy stack; energy roof; heat pump; heat recovery systems; indoor swimming pool; energy engineering concept.

K. Leisen

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Dragonflies of freshwater pools in lignite spoil heaps: Restoration management, habitat structure and conservation value  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Although numerous studies of several terrestrial groups have revealed high conservation potential of post-industrial sites, freshwater habitats in post-mining sites still remain little explored. Here we present a study of dragonflies (Odonata) colonizing 61 freshwater pools newly established at 9 lignite spoil heaps in the north-western Czech Republic, Central Europe. We aimed mainly on effects of the three prevailing pool restoration methods (spontaneously inundated depressions at non-reclaimed sites, at reclaimed sites; and novel technically constructed ponds) along with several factors of the local habitat and surrounding landscape on species richness, conservation values, and species composition of the dragonfly communities. By recording of 32 species of lentic dragonflies (including 8 threatened ones) and 2 additional threatened lotic species, we documented the conservation value of post-industrial habitats also for aquatic arthropods. None of the three restoration methods supported dragonfly communities of distinctly higher conservation value then did the two others, each method generated habitats for different threatened species. Similar patterns were revealed also for vegetation heterogeneity, bottom substrate, water shading, and surrounding terrestrial habitats. We thus conclude that a mosaic-like combination of the restoration methods and creating of heterogeneous water pools will be most effective for restoring of freshwater biodiversity in highly degraded sites.

Filip Harabi; Filip Tichanek; Robert Tropek

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Sandia National Laboratories: Energy Storage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Mexico Renewable Energy Storage Task Force On January 28, 2014, in Energy, Energy Storage, Energy Storage Systems, Infrastructure Security, News, News & Events, Partnership,...

359

Pennsylvania Pool Chemical Business Soaks Up Rays | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pennsylvania Pool Chemical Business Soaks Up Rays Pennsylvania Pool Chemical Business Soaks Up Rays Pennsylvania Pool Chemical Business Soaks Up Rays September 7, 2010 - 3:00pm Addthis MetroTek installed a 620kW solar panel system at Buckman's Inc. in Pottstown, PA. The Recovery Act-funded project is expected to save the pool chemical business $5 million over the next 25 years. | Photo Courtesy of MetroTek Electrical Services MetroTek installed a 620kW solar panel system at Buckman's Inc. in Pottstown, PA. The Recovery Act-funded project is expected to save the pool chemical business $5 million over the next 25 years. | Photo Courtesy of MetroTek Electrical Services Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE Most people catching rays poolside don't realize this, but it takes a lot

360

Selecting a new water heater  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet describes the types of water heaters available (storage water heaters, demand water heaters, heat pump water heaters, tankless coil and indirect water heaters, and solar water heaters). The criteria for selection are discussed. These are capacity, efficiency rating, and cost. A resource list is provided for further information.

NONE

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pool storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Exergy efficiency analysis in buildings climatized with LiClH2O solar cooling systems that use swimming pools as heat sinks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solar cooling is emerging as one of the most interesting applications in the harnessing of solar energy for alternative uses. Current devices can effectively control the climates of small buildings while addressing the issues associated with the excessive thermal energy captured during the summer months. This article presents an exergy analysis of buildings with solar thermal systems used for Domestic Hot Water (DHW) production and heating and cooling support. The cooling system analyzed is a LiClH2O thermally driven heat pump with integral energy storage that uses outdoor swimming pools as heat sink. All subsystems were integrated into the model and considered as a single energy system, and data from installations in three different locations were used. The influences of the heating and cooling demand ratios and the dead state and house temperatures were analyzed. Further, the use of dissipated energy was analyzed, demonstrating that the proposed method facilitates the realistic study of these systems and provides useful analytical tools for improving the overall exergy performance. The energy delivered for heating, cooling and DHW production strongly influences global performance, suggesting that the appropriate sizing of each system is a priority.

D. Borge; A. Colmenar; M. Castro; S. Martn; E. Sancristobal

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Onboard Storage Tank Workshop  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and Sandia National Laboratories co-hosted the Onboard Storage Tank Workshop on April 29th, 2010. Onboard storage tank experts gathered to share lessons learned...

363

Solar Energy Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The intermittent nature of the solar energy supply makes the provision of adequate energy storage essential for the majority of practical applications. Thermal storage is needed for both low-temperature and high-...

Brian Norton BSc; MSc; PhD; F Inst E; C Eng

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Storage of Solar Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy storage provides a means for improving the performance and efficiency of a wide range of energy systems. It also plays an important role in energy conservation. Typically, energy storage is used when there...

H. P. Garg

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Cool Storage Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Utilities have promoted the use of electric heat and thermal storage to increase off peak usage of power. High daytime demand charges and enticing discounts for off peak power have been used as economic incentives to promote thermal storage systems...

Eppelheimer, D. M.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Safe Home Food Storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proper food storage can preserve food quality and prevent spoilage and food/borne illness. The specifics of pantry, refrigerator and freezer storage are given, along with helpful information on new packaging, label dates, etc. A comprehensive table...

Van Laanen, Peggy

2002-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

367

"Open Water/Closed Water: a filmic portrait of America's disappearing public  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"Open Water/Closed Water: a filmic portrait of America's disappearing public pools" Rachel Johnson space of water as a vital component of the public sphere. My movie features footage and interviews. But ultimately, the film is also a meditation on water itself: the transformative powers the sphere of water can

Sekelsky, Jeff

368

Measurement and analysis of evaporation from an inactive outdoor swimming pool  

SciTech Connect

Evaporation rates and total energy loads from an unoccupied, heated, outdoor pool in Fort Collins, Colorado were investigated. Pool and air temperatures, humidity, thermal radiation, wind speed, and water loss due to evaporation were measured over 21 test periods ranging from 1.1 to 16.2 hours during August and September, 1992. Data were analyzed and compared to commonly used evaporation rate equations, most notably that used in the ASHRAE Applications Handbook. Measured evaporation was 72% of the ASHRAE calculated value with near-zero wind velocity, and 82% of the ASHRAE value at 2.2 m/s wind velocity. A modified version of the ASHRAE equation was developed. Two overnight tests showed energy loss of 56% by evaporation, 26% by radiation, and 18% by convection. A correlation between radiation loss and temperatures was also found for the range of test conditions.

Smith, C.C.; Loef, G. (Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States)); Jones, R. (Department of Energy, Golden (United States))

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Summer Swimming and Diving Pool Programme Week Beginning Monday 8 September to Sunday 14 September 14  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Summer Swimming and Diving Pool Programme Week Beginning Monday 8 September to Sunday 14 September 14 Monday Opening Times Swimming pool Diving pool 06.30am to 9.00pm Fast, Medium & Recreational lane Times Swimming pool Diving pool 06.30am to 2.00pm 3.15pm to 9.00pm Fast, Medium & Recreational lane

Paxton, Anthony T.

370

Summer Swimming and Diving Pool Programme Week Beginning Monday 15 September to Sunday 28 September 14  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Summer Swimming and Diving Pool Programme Week Beginning Monday 15 September to Sunday 28 September 14 Monday Opening Times Swimming pool Diving pool 06.30am to 9.00pm Fast, Medium.00pm 9.00pm Tuesday Opening Times Swimming pool Diving pool 06.30am to 2.00pm 3.15pm

Paxton, Anthony T.

371

Thermochemical Energy Storage  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This presentation summarizes the introduction given by Christian Sattler during the Thermochemical Energy Storage Workshop on January 8, 2013.

372

Energy Storage Systems  

SciTech Connect

Energy Storage Systems An Old Idea Doing New Things with New Technology article for the International Assoication of ELectrical Inspectors

Conover, David R.

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

BNL Gas Storage Achievements, Research Capabilities, Interests...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BNL Gas Storage Achievements, Research Capabilities, Interests, and Project Team Metal hydride gas storage Cryogenic gas storage Compressed gas storage Adsorbed gas storage...

374

BASIC ENGINEERING RESEARCH FOR D&D OF R REACTOR STORAGE POND SLUDGE: ELECTROKINETICS, CARBON DIOXIDE EXTRACTION, AND SUPERCRITICAL WATER OXIDATION  

SciTech Connect

Large quantities of mixed low level waste (MLLW) that fall under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) exist and will continue to be generated during D&D operations at DOE sites across the country. Currently, the volume of these wastes is approximately 23,500 m3, and the majority of these wastes (i.e., almost 19,000 m3) consist of PCBs and PCB-contaminated materials. Further, additional PCB-contaminated waste will be generated during D&D operations in the future. The standard process for destruction of this waste is incineration, which generates secondary waste that must be disposed, and the TSCA incinerator at Oak Ridge has an uncertain future. Beyond incineration, no proposed process for the recovery and/or destruction of these persistent pollutants has emerged as the preferred choice for DOE cleanup. The main objective of the project was to investigate and develop a deeper understanding of the thermodynamic and kinetic reactions involved in the extraction and destruction of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) from low-level mixed waste solid matrices in order to provide data that would permit the design of a combined-cycle extraction/destruction process. The specific research objectives were to investigate benign dense-fluid extraction with either carbon dioxide (USC) or hot water (CU), followed by destruction of the extracted PCBs via either electrochemical (USC) or hydrothermal (CU) oxidation. Two key advantages of the process are that it isolates and concentrates the PCBs from the solid matrices (thereby reducing waste volume greatly and removing the remaining low-level mixed waste from TSCA control), and little, if any, secondary solvent or solid wastes are generated. This project was a collaborative effort involving the University of South Carolina (USC), Clemson University (CU), and Westinghouse Savannah River Company (WSRC) (including the Savannah River Technology Center, Facilities Decommissioning Division and Regulatory Compliance). T he project was directed and coordinated by the South Carolina Universities Research and Education Foundation (SCUREF), a consortium of the four public research universities in South Carolina. The original plan was to investigate two PCB extraction processes (supercritical carbon dioxide and hot, pressurized water) and two PCB destruction processes (electrochemical oxidation and hydrothermal oxidation). However, at approximately the mid-point of the three year project, it was decided to focus on the more promising extraction process (supercritical carbon dioxide) and the more promising destruction process (supercritical water oxidation). This decision was taken because the investigation of two processes simultaneously by each university was stretching resources too thin, and because the electrochemical oxidation process needed more concentrated research before it would be ready for application to PCB destruction. The solid matrix chosen for experimental work was Toxi-dry, a commonly used adsorbent made from plant material that is used in cleanup of spills and/or liquid solvents. The Toxi-dry was supplied by the research team member from the Facilities Decommissioning Division, WSRC. This adsorbent is a major component of job control waste.

Matthews, Michael A.; Bruce,David; Davis,Thomas; Thies, Mark; Weidner, John; White, Ralph

2001-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

375

Basic Engineering Research for D&D of R. Reactor Storage Pond Sludge: Electrokinetics, Carbon Dioxide Extraction, and Supercritical Water Oxidation  

SciTech Connect

Collaborating researchers at the University of South Carolina (USC), Clemson University (CU), and the Savannah River Site (SRS) are investigating the fundamentals of a combined extraction and destruction process for the decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) of PCB-contaminated materials as found at DOE sites. Currently, the volume of PCBs and PCB contaminated wastes at DOE sites nationwide is approximately 19,000 m3. While there are a number of existing and proposed processes for the recovery and/or destruction of these persistent 4 pollutants, none has emerged as the preferred choice. Therefore, this research focuses on combining novel processes to solve the problem. The research objectives are to investigate benign dense-fluid extraction with either carbon dioxide (USC) or hot water (CU), followed by destruction of the extracted PCBs via either electrochemical (USC) or hydrothermal (CU) oxidation. Based on the results of these investigations, a combined extraction and destruction process that incorporates the most successful elements of the various processes will be recommended for application to contaminated DOE sites.

Hamilton, Edward A.; Bruce, David A.; Oji, Lawrence; White, Ralph E.; Matthews, Michael A.; Thies, Mark C.

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Predictive Modeling of Transient Storage and Nutrient Uptake: Implications for Stream Restoration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

parameters using measurements and scaling techniques in order to improve upon traditional conservative tracer that uptake in the main channel was more significant than in storage zones. Conservative tracer fitting was unable to produce transport parameter estimates for a riffle-pool transition of the study reach, while

377

Storage Sub-committee  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Storage Sub-committee Storage Sub-committee 2012 Work Plan Confidential 1 2012 Storage Subcommittee Work Plan * Report to Congress. (legislative requirement) - Review existing and projected research and funding - Review existing DOE, Arpa-e projects and the OE 5 year plan - Identify gaps and recommend additional topics - Outline distributed (review as group) * Develop and analysis of the need for large scale storage deployment (outline distributed again) * Develop analysis on regulatory issues especially valuation and cost recovery Confidential 2 Large Scale Storage * Problem Statement * Situation Today * Benefits Analysis * Policy Issues * Technology Gaps * Recommendations * Renewables Variability - Reserves and capacity requirements - Financial impacts - IRC Response to FERC NOI and update

378

FCT Hydrogen Storage: Hydrogen Storage R&D Activities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Storage R&D Activities Hydrogen Storage R&D Activities to someone by E-mail Share FCT Hydrogen Storage: Hydrogen Storage R&D Activities on Facebook Tweet about FCT Hydrogen Storage: Hydrogen Storage R&D Activities on Twitter Bookmark FCT Hydrogen Storage: Hydrogen Storage R&D Activities on Google Bookmark FCT Hydrogen Storage: Hydrogen Storage R&D Activities on Delicious Rank FCT Hydrogen Storage: Hydrogen Storage R&D Activities on Digg Find More places to share FCT Hydrogen Storage: Hydrogen Storage R&D Activities on AddThis.com... Home Basics Current Technology DOE R&D Activities National Hydrogen Storage Compressed/Liquid Hydrogen Tanks Testing and Analysis Quick Links Hydrogen Production Hydrogen Delivery Fuel Cells Technology Validation Manufacturing Codes & Standards

379

Rehabilitating A Thermal Storage System Through Commissioning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

supplementary chiller (50 tons) was needed due to an under- sized storage tank and an under-sized chller. In 1995, the authors were asked to investigate the problems and provide possible solutions. The thermal storage system was subsequently rehabilitated... draws water from the bottom of the tank and sends the return water to the top of the tank. Valve V4 isolates the chiller from the building and the tank. In the charging mode (Figure 2b), valves V3 and V4 are open while valve V1 is 06 wcad closed...

Liu, M.; Veteto, B.; Claridge, D. E.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Chemical Storage-Overview  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Storage - Storage - Overview Ali T-Raissi, FSEC Hydrogen Storage Workshop Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois August 14-15, 2002 Hydrogen Fuel - Attributes * H 2 +½ O 2 → H 2 O (1.23 V) * High gravimetric energy density: 27.1 Ah/g, based on LHV of 119.93 kJ/g * 1 wt % = 189.6 Wh/kg (0.7 V; i.e. η FC = 57%) * Li ion cells: 130-150 Wh/kg Chemical Hydrides - Definition * They are considered secondary storage methods in which the storage medium is expended - primary storage methods include reversible systems (e.g. MHs & C-nanostructures), GH 2 & LH 2 storage Chemical Hydrides - Definition (cont.) * The usual chemical hydride system is reaction of a reactant containing H in the "-1" oxidation state (hydride) with a reactant containing H in the "+1" oxidation

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pool storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

NETL: Carbon Storage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Storage Storage Technologies Carbon Storage (formerly referred to as the "Carbon Sequestration Program") Program Overview For quick navigation of NETL's Carbon Storage Program website, please click on the image. NETL's Carbon Storage Program Fossil fuels are considered the most dependable, cost-effective energy source in the world. The availability of these fuels to provide clean, affordable energy is essential for domestic and global prosperity and security well into the 21st century. However, a balance is needed between energy security and concerns over the impacts of concentrations of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere - particularly carbon dioxide (CO2). NETL's Carbon Storage Program is developing a technology portfolio of safe, cost-effective, commercial-scale CO2 capture, storage, and mitigation

382

E-Print Network 3.0 - area north pool Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Search Sample search results for: area north pool Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Figure 1. A Solar Pool Heating System An unheated swimming pool has a natural yearly Summary: area you...

383

Nucleotide Pools and Adenylate Energy Charge in Balanced and Unbalanced Growth of Chromatium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Pools and Adenylate Energy Charge in Balanced...University, Ithaca, New York 14850 Adenine nucleotide pools and their energy charge were measured...University, Ithaca, New York 14850 Received for...nucleotide pools and their energy charge were measured...

Margaret L. Miovi?; Jane Gibson

1973-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

High efficiency pool filtering systems utilising variable frequency drives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Over 1 year, private swimming pools in Australia will typically consume 1680GWh of electricity, producing 2130kt of CO2. Redesigning a pool's filtration system and using it more efficiently can reduce the energy use, and hence the CO2 production, by a significant amount. This paper describes experimental measurements carried out on a new design of pool pump system. Initial experiments using a variable frequency drive (VFD) with a standard, single phase pump/motor system have achieved energy savings of 40%. Utilising a VFD and a three phase pump/motor energy savings of 61% have been achieved, without degrading the system performance.

Z. Hameiri; T. Spooner; A.B. Sproul

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Heat pumps and energy storage The challenges of implementation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The wider implementation of variable renewable energy sources such as wind across the UK and Ireland will demand interconnection, energy storage and more dynamic energy systems to maintain a stable energy system that makes full use of one of our best renewable energy resources. However large scale energy storage e.g. pumped storage may be economically challenging. Therefore can thermal energy storage deployed domestically fulfil an element of such an energy storage role? Current electricity pricing is based on a hourly timeframe which will be demonstrated to have some benefits for hot water heating from electrical water heaters in the first instance. However heat pumps linked to energy storage can displace fossil fuel heating systems and therefore the question is whether a renewable tariff based on excess wind for example is sufficient to operate heat pumps. An initial analysis of this scenario will be presented and its potential role in challenging aspects of fuel poverty.

Neil J Hewitt

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Shock Chlorination of Stored Water Supplies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of their well water. While these procedures effectively may san- itize water wells and distribution systems, addition- al steps may be necessary to shock- chlorinate water stored in tanks. Storage Tanks In several regions of Texas, such as the Texas Hill... Country and the Central Texas Blacklands, water is pumped from wells into large storage tanks. Pipes from such tanks then deliver water to houses for domestic use. However, shock-chlorinating a water well alone may not provide enough chlorinated water...

Dozier, Monty; McFarland, Mark L.

2005-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

387

Dehumidifying water heater. Technical progress report  

SciTech Connect

Drawings and specifications are included for the system to heat water for the swimming pool and dehumidify the building of the Glen Cove YMCA. An overview is presented of the Nautica product used in this system. (MHR)

Not Available

1992-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

388

Reassortant influenza A viruses in wild duck populations: effects on viral shedding and persistence in water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...suggested that a large pool of functionally equivalent...and persistence in water represent two key...infectivity titre in water (i.e. time required...from a limited gene pool, likely resulting...technique, sample conservation and detection method...time in distilled water, depending on temperature...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Experimental investigation of sedimentation of LOCA - generated fibrous debris and sludge in BWR suppression pools  

SciTech Connect

Several tests were conducted in a 1:2.4 scale model of a Mark I suppression pool to investigate the behavior of fibrous insulation and sludge debris under LOCA conditions. NUKON{trademark} shreds, manually cut and tore up in a leaf shredder, and iron oxide particles were used to simulate fibrous and sludge debris, respectively. The suppression pool model included four downcomers fitted with pistons to simulate the steam-water oscillations during chugging expected during a LOCA. The study was conducted to provide debris settling velocity data for the models used in the BLOCKAGE computer code, developed to estimate the ECCS pump head loss due to clogging of the strainers with LOCA generated debris. The tests showed that the debris, both fibrous and particulate, remains fully mixed during chugging; they also showed that, during chugging, the fibrous debris underwent fragmentation into smaller sizes, including individual fibers. Measured concentrations showed that fibrous debris settled slower than the sludge, and that the settling behavior of each material is independent of the presence of the other material. Finally, these tests showed that the assumption of considering uniform debris concentration during strainer calculations is reasonable. The tests did not consider the effects of the operation of the ECCS on the transport of debris in the suppression pool.

Souto, F.J.; Rao, D.V.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment Models for Consumption of Raw Vegetables Irrigated with Reclaimed Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...The practice of adding water to cut surfaces to keep...waxed boxes, wherein water pools. Feeding damage by insects...Agriculture methods Conservation of Natural Resources...Food Contamination Fresh Water virology Models, Biological...

Andrew J. Hamilton; Frank Stagnitti; Robert Premier; Anne-Maree Boland; Glenn Hale

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

The response of rigid plates to blast in deep water: fluidstructure interaction experiments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...speed of sound of water, respectively...is dictated by conservation of linear momentum...creating an extending pool of cavitated water. In figure-6...radiated into the water column in contact...Now write conservation of linear momentum...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Case histories of building material problems caused by condensation at an enclosed swimming pool and an enclosed ice rink  

SciTech Connect

Enclosed swimming pools and ice rinks in winter climates have the potential for high indoor relative humidities and cold building materials. These elements can contribute to condensation and premature deterioration of building materials. Case histories are provided for an enclosed swimming pool and an enclosed ice rink with condensation problems. An evaluation was performed after roof leaks were reported at a recently constructed indoor swimming pool in a Chicago suburb. After a preliminary inspection, it was evident that the reported leaks were related to building moisture problems rather than a roof leak. Exterior brick masonry exhibited heavy efflorescence in the area of the swimming pools, and water streaks were visible on the exterior walls below the eaves. The evaluation included laboratory testing, a visual inspection, field tests and measurements, and analyses for condensation potential. Results of the evaluation indicated the presence of condensed moisture as a direct cause of the observed water stains, and masonry efflorescence. Recommended corrective actions developed. A 54-year-old enclosed ice rink in New England was under investigation to determine the cause of a deteriorated wood deck roof. The building did not have dehumidification or air handling systems, and was heated only when occupied. The evaluation included visual inspection and analyses for condensation potential. Results of the evaluation indicated condensation within the wood decking and insulation during winter months, and high relative humidities that prohibited drying during the spring, summer, and fall. These conditions, over an extended number of years, resulted in decay of the wood decking.

VanGeem, M.G.; Farahmandpour, K.; Gajda, J.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Melozi Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Melozi Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Melozi Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Yukon, Alaska Coordinates Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

394

Saratoga Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Saratoga Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Saratoga Springs Resort Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Lehi, Utah Coordinates 40.3916172°, -111.8507662° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

395

Jones Splashland Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jones Splashland Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jones Splashland Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Jones Splashland Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Jones Splashland Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Alamosa, Colorado Coordinates 37.4694491°, -105.8700214° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

396

Calvary Chapel Conference Center Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Calvary Chapel Conference Center Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Calvary Chapel Conference Center Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Calvary Chapel Conference Center Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Calvary Chapel Conference Center Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Murrieta, California Coordinates 33.5539143°, -117.2139232° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

397

Brockway Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brockway Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Brockway Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Brockway Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Brockway Springs Resort Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location King's Beach, California Coordinates Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

398

Indian Springs Natatorium Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Natatorium Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Natatorium Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Indian Springs Natatorium Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Indian Springs Natatorium Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location American Falls, Idaho Coordinates 42.7860226°, -112.8544377° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

399

Esalen Institute Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Esalen Institute Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Esalen Institute Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Esalen Institute Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Esalen Institute Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Big Sur, California Coordinates 36.270241°, -121.8074545° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

400

Tassajara Buddhist Meditation Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tassajara Buddhist Meditation Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Tassajara Buddhist Meditation Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Tassajara Buddhist Meditation Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Tassajara Buddhist Meditation Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Carmel Valley, California Coordinates 36.4860728°, -121.723836° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pool storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Greenbrier Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Greenbrier Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Greenbrier Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia Coordinates 37.7965107°, -80.2975704° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

402

Baumgartner Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Baumgartner Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Baumgartner Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Baumgartner Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Baumgartner Hot Springs Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Featherville, Idaho Coordinates 43.6098966°, -115.2581378° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

403

Goddard Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Goddard Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Goddard Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Goddard Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Goddard Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Sitka, Alaska Coordinates 57.0530556°, -135.33° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

404

Comment to NOI re Retrospective Risk Pooling Program For Suppliers |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to NOI re Retrospective Risk Pooling Program For Suppliers to NOI re Retrospective Risk Pooling Program For Suppliers Comment to NOI re Retrospective Risk Pooling Program For Suppliers Comment by Cameco Resources On Retrospective Risk Pooling Program For Suppliers, 75 Fed. Reg. 43945 (July 27, 2010), Section 934 Rule Making. As discussed below, Cameco believes that producers and providers of uranium concentrates and UF6 conversion services, whether directly or as an intermediary, should be excluded from the definition of nuclear supplier. In this regard, Cameco generally agrees with the comments submitted by the Nuclear Energy Institute ("NEI") on behalf of its members; however, Cameco disagrees with the implication of NEl's comments that producers of uranium concentrates and providers of conversion services should be included in the

405

Stewart Mineral Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mineral Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Mineral Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Stewart Mineral Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Stewart Mineral Springs Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Weed, California Coordinates 41.4226498°, -122.3861269° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

406

Jemez Springs Bathhouse Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bathhouse Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Bathhouse Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Jemez Springs Bathhouse Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Jemez Springs Bathhouse Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Jemez Springs, New Mexico Coordinates 35.7686356°, -106.692258° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

407

Tenakee Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tenakee Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Tenakee Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Tenakee Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Tenakee Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Chichigaf Island, Alaska Coordinates Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

408

Camperworld Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Camperworld Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Camperworld Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Camperworld Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Camperworld Hot Springs Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Garland, Utah Coordinates 41.7410387°, -112.1616194° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

409

Ouray Municipal Pool Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ouray Municipal Pool Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Ouray Municipal Pool Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Ouray Municipal Pool Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Ouray Municipal Pool Sector Geothermal energy Type Space Heating Location Ouray, Colorado Coordinates 38.0227716°, -107.6714487° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

410

Camp Preventorium Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Preventorium Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Preventorium Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Camp Preventorium Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Camp Preventorium Hot Springs Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Big Bend, California Coordinates 39.6982182°, -121.4608015° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

411

Huckelberry Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Huckelberry Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Huckelberry Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Huckelberry Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Huckelberry Hot Springs Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Grand Teton Nat'l Park, Wyoming Coordinates Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

412

Environmental Assessment K Pool 'Fish Rearing, Hanford Site, Richland, Washington  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOERA-1 11 1 DOERA-1 11 1 Environmental Assessment K Pool 'Fish Rearing, Hanford Site, Richland, Washington U.S. Department of Emrgy Richland, Washington December 1996 DOEEA-1111 ENVIRONMJ3'NTAL ASSESSMENT K POOL 'F'ISH REARING HANFORD SITE, RICHLAND, WASHINGTON U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY RICHLAND, WASHINGTON December 1996 This page intentionally left blank. DISCLAIMER Portions of this document may be illegible in electronic image products. Images are produced from the best available original document. 1 ' U.S. Department of Energy summary The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has a need to respond to a request to lease facilities at the Hanford Site 100-KE and 100-KW filter plant pools (K Pools) for fish rearing activities. These fish rearing activities would be: (1) business ventures with public h

413

Safford Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Safford Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Safford Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Safford, Arizona Coordinates 32.8339546°, -109.70758° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

414

Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool In 2007, the Southwest Power Pool (SPP) formed the Customer Response Task Force (CRTF) to identify barriers to deploying demand response (DR) resources in wholesale markets and develop policies to overcome these barriers. One of the initiatives of this Task Force was to develop more detailed information on existing retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs, program rules, and utility operating practices. This report describes the results of a comprehensive survey conducted by LBNL in support of the Customer Response Task Force and discusses policy implications for integrating legacy retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs into wholesale markets in the SPP region.

415

California Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name California Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility California Hot Springs Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Bakersfield, California Coordinates 35.3732921°, -119.0187125° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

416

DNA Library Screening, Pooling Design and Unitary Spaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pooling design is an important research topic in bio- informatics due to its wide applications in molecular biology, especially DNA library screening. In this paper, with unitary spaces over finite fields, we pre...

Suogang Gao; Zengti Li; Jiangchen Yu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

EA-1111: K Pool Fish Rearing, Hanford Site, Richland, Washington  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the proposal to enter into a use permit or lease agreement with the Yakama Indian Nation or other parties who would rear fish in the 100-K Area Pools.

418

PoolParty: SKOS Thesaurus Management Utilizing Linked Data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Building and maintaining thesauri are complex and laborious tasks. PoolParty is a Thesaurus Management Tool (TMT) for the Semantic ... aims to support the creation and maintenance of thesauri by utilizing Linked ...

Thomas Schandl; Andreas Blumauer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Ties that Bind: Policies to Promote (Good) Patent Pools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

net value with each earning a royalty of $4.50 per unit. Ofgets to keep the entire $4.50 royalty, while the pool hasto share its $4.50 royalty with the remaining nine

Gilbert, Richard J

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Fuel assembly transfer basket for pool type nuclear reactor vessels  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fuel assembly transfer basket for a pool type, liquid metal cooled nuclear reactor having a side access loading and unloading port for receiving and relinquishing fuel assemblies during transfer.

Fanning, Alan W. (San Jose, CA); Ramsour, Nicholas L. (San Jose, CA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pool storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Riverdale Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Riverdale Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Riverdale Resort Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Preston, Idaho Coordinates 42.0963133°, -111.8766173° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

422

Sligar's Thousand Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sligar's Thousand Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Sligar's Thousand Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Sligar's Thousand Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Sligar's Thousand Springs Resort Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Hagerman, Idaho Coordinates 42.8121244°, -114.898669° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

423

Jackalope Plunge Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jackalope Plunge Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jackalope Plunge Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Jackalope Plunge Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Jackalope Plunge Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Douglas, Wyoming Coordinates 42.7596897°, -105.3822069° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

424

Baranof Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Baranof Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Baranof Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Baranof Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Baranof Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Sitka, Alaska Coordinates 57.0530556°, -135.33° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

425

Saving for dry days: Aquifer storage and recovery may help  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tx H2O | pg. 2 Saving for dry days Story by Kathy Wythe tx H2O | pg. 3 Aquifer storage and recovery may help With reoccurring droughts and growing population, Texas will always be looking for better ways to save or use water. Some water... suppliers in Texas are turning to aquifer storage and recovery. During the dry summer of 2008, the San Antonio Water System (SAWS) had enough assets in its ?bank? (of water) to make with- drawals to meet the needs of its customers. The water bank...

Wythe, Kathy

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Pool heating system on island brings year-round enjoyment  

SciTech Connect

The Bahamas is not generally thought of as a place in need of pool heating. However, the remote Bahamian island of Treasure Cay is actually situated north of Ft. Lauderdale, Florida. Pool temperatures drop during the winter, thus shortening the swimming season. The Beach Villas Homeowners Association of Treasure Cay investigated pool-heating options some time ago. Energy on Treasure Cay is expensive - about 25 cents/kWh - making cost a major concern for the association as they evaluated their choices. An electric heat pump was rule out as it would place too great a burden on the electricity load of the remote island. Heating the pool with propane gas was deemed far too costly. After evaluating each of these heating methods on the basis of economics, energy efficiency, and comfort, the association concluded that solar would be the best method. They selected a solar pool heating system manufactured by FAFCO, Inc. and installed by SUNWORKS in Ft. Lauderdale. The system requires virtually no daily maintenance, and there have been no problems with the system since its installation. In addition to being trouble-free, the FAFCO solar pool heater has saved Treasure Cay a great deal of money. The equipment cost about $9,500; lumber, PVC, and labor brought the total cost to $13,000. By comparison, a propane-gas system would have cost $4,000 but would have generated a yearly gas bill of $12,000. Therefore, payback on the system began immediately upon installation.

Not Available

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Natural Convection Heat Transfer in a Rectangular Liquid Metal Pool With Bottom Heating and Top Cooling  

SciTech Connect

An experimental study is performed to investigate the natural convection heat transfer characteristics with subcooled coolant to create engineering database for basic applications in a lead alloy cooled reactor. Tests are performed in the ALTOS (Applied Liquid-metal Thermal Operation Study) apparatus as part of MITHOS (Metal Integrated Thermo Hydrodynamic Operation System). A relationship is determined between the Nusselt number Nu and the Rayleigh number Ra in the liquid metal rectangular pool. Results are compared with correlations and experimental data in the literature. Given the similar Ra condition, the present test results for Nu of the liquid metal pool with top subcooling are found to be similar to those predicted by the existing correlations or experiments. The current test results are utilized to develop natural convection heat transfer correlations applicable to low Prandtl number Pr fluids that are heated from below and cooled by the external coolant above. Results from this study are slated to be used in designing BORIS (Battery Optimized Reactor Integral System), a small lead cooled modular fast reactor for deployment at remote sites cycled with MOBIS (Modular Optimized Brayton Integral System) for electricity generation, tied with NAVIS (Naval Application Vessel Integral System) for ship propulsion, joined with THAIS (Thermochemical Hydrogen Acquisition Integral System) for hydrogen production, and coupled with DORIS (Desalination Optimized Reactor Integral System) for seawater desalination. Tests are performed with Wood's metal (Pb-Bi-Sn-Cd) filling a rectangular pool whose lower surface is heated and upper surface cooled by forced convection of water. The test section is 20 cm long, 11.3 cm high and 15 cm wide. The simulant has a melting temperature of 78 deg. C. The constant temperature and heat flux condition was realized for the bottom heating once the steady state had been met. The test parameters include the heated bottom surface temperature of the liquid metal pool, the input power to the bottom surface of the section, and the coolant temperature. (authors)

Lee, Il S.; Yu, Yong H.; Son, Hyoung M.; Hwang, Jin S.; Suh, Kune Y. [Seoul National University, 599 Gwanangno, Gwanak-gu, Seoul, 151-742 (Korea, Republic of)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Development of a Water Management Model for the Metropolitan Water District (NW Tucson)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, bathtubs, washing machines and dishwashers. Outdoor water usage includes: turf and drip irrigation, pools the water use the most and that people would actually change are deemed conservation parameters. WhileDevelopment of a Water Management Model for the Metropolitan Water District (NW Tucson) Amy Lynn

Fay, Noah

429

Energy Storage Systems 2007 Peer Review - International Energy Storage  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

International Energy International Energy Storage Program Presentations Energy Storage Systems 2007 Peer Review - International Energy Storage Program Presentations The U.S. DOE Energy Storage Systems Program (ESS) held an annual peer review on September 27, 2007 in San Francisco, CA. Eighteen presentations were divided into categories; those related to international energy storage programs are below. Other presentation categories were: Economics - Benefit Studies and Environment Benefit Studies Utility & Commercial Applications of Advanced Energy Storage Systems Power Electronics Innovations in Energy Storage Systems ESS 2007 Peer Review - DOE-CEC Energy Storage Program FY07 Projects - Daniel Borneo, SNL.pdf ESS 2007 Peer Review - Joint NYSERDA-DOE Energy Storage Initiative Projects

430

Immersible solar water heater  

SciTech Connect

The invention consists in an immersible solar heat collecting means capable of being laid at the bottom of a pool where it can be walked upon. The substantially laminar portions of the collector each includes a surface of higher light absorbence than the other side thereof so that by folding or otherwise overlapping and rearranging the various portions a different number of higher light absorbence surfaces can be presented to the sun to heat the water at any particular time. Such an apparatus makes possible the controlled solar heating of a pool.

Caroon, R.S.

1980-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

431

NETL: Carbon Storage - Infrastructure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Infrastructure Infrastructure Carbon Storage Infrastructure The Infrastructure Element of DOE's Carbon Storage Program is focused on research and development (R&D) initiatives to advance geologic CO2 storage toward commercialization. DOE determined early in the program's development that addressing CO2 mitigation on a regional level is the most effective way to address differences in geology, climate, population density, infrastructure, and socioeconomic development. This element includes the following efforts designed to support the development of regional infrastructure for carbon capture and storage (CCS). Click on Image to Navigate Infrastructure Content on this page requires a newer version of Adobe Flash Player. Get Adobe Flash player Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships (RCSP) - This

432

Sorption Storage Technology Summary  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presented at the R&D Strategies for Compressed, Cryo-Compressed and Cryo-Sorbent Hydrogen Storage Technologies Workshops on February 14 and 15, 2011.

433

Storage of solar energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A framework is presented for identifying appropriate systems for storage of electrical, mechanical, chemical, and thermal energy in solar energy supply systems. Classification categories include the nature ... su...

Theodore B. Taylor

1979-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

HEATS: Thermal Energy Storage  

SciTech Connect

HEATS Project: The 15 projects that make up ARPA-Es HEATS program, short for High Energy Advanced Thermal Storage, seek to develop revolutionary, cost-effective ways to store thermal energy. HEATS focuses on 3 specific areas: 1) developing high-temperature solar thermal energy storage capable of cost-effectively delivering electricity around the clock and thermal energy storage for nuclear power plants capable of cost-effectively meeting peak demand, 2) creating synthetic fuel efficiently from sunlight by converting sunlight into heat, and 3) using thermal energy storage to improve the driving range of electric vehicles (EVs) and also enable thermal management of internal combustion engine vehicles.

None

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Standard specification for boron-Based neutron absorbing material systems for use in nuclear spent fuel storage racks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1.1 This specification defines criteria for boron-based neutron absorbing material systems used in racks in a pool environment for storage of nuclear light water reactor (LWR) spent-fuel assemblies or disassembled components to maintain sub-criticality in the storage rack system. 1.2 Boron-based neutron absorbing material systems normally consist of metallic boron or a chemical compound containing boron (for example, boron carbide, B4C) supported by a matrix of aluminum, steel, or other materials. 1.3 In a boron-based absorber, neutron absorption occurs primarily by the boron-10 isotope that is present in natural boron to the extent of 18.3 0.2 % by weight (depending upon the geological origin of the boron). Boron, enriched in boron-10 could also be used. 1.4 The materials systems described herein shall be functional that is always be capable to maintain a B10 areal density such that subcriticality Keff <0.95 or Keff <0.98 or Keff < 1.0 depending on the design specification for the service...

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Impact of Reservoir Evaporation and Evaporation Suppression on Water Supply Capabilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reservoir storage is essential for developing dependable water supplies and is a major component of the river system water budget. The storage contents of reservoirs fluctuate greatly with variations in water use and climatic conditions that range...

Ayala, Rolando A

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Hydrogen Storage Workshop Argonne National Laboratory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hydrogen, fuel cells, and distribution..." #12;1. Hydrogen Storage 2. Hydrogen Production 3. Fuel Cell Cost Energy & Water Appropriations #12;FY 2002 Budget = $47.425M Transportation Fuel Cell Stack Subsystem Rossmeissl Hydrogen, Fuel Cells & Infrastructure Technologies Program Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

438

Effect of cropland management and slope position on soil organic carbon pool at the North Appalachian Experimental Watersheds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Soil organic matter is strongly related to soil type, landscape morphology, and soil and crop management practices. Therefore, long-term (1536-years) effects of six cropland management systems on soil organic carbon (SOC) pool in 030cm depth were studied for the period of 19391999 at the North Appalachian Experimental Watersheds (pool ranged from 24.5Mgha?1 in the 32-years moldboard tillage corn (Zea mays L.)wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)meadowmeadow rotation with straight row farming and annual application of fertilizer (N:P:K=5:9:17) of 56112kgha?1 and cattle (Bos taurus) manure of 9Mgha?1 as the prevalent system (MTR-P) to 65.5Mgha?1 in the 36-years no tillage continuous corn with contour row farming and annual application of 170225kgNha?1 and appropriate amounts of P and K, and 611Mgha?1 of cattle manure as the improved system (NTC-M). The difference in SOC pool among management systems ranged from 2.4 to 41Mgha?1 and was greater than 25Mgha?1 between NTC-M and the other five management systems. The difference in the SOC pool of NTC-M and that of no tillage continuous corn (NTC) were 1621Mgha?1 higher at the lower slope position than at the middle and upper slope positions. The effect of slope positions on SOC pools of the other management systems was significantly less (water conservation farming on SOC pool were accumulative. The NTC-M treatment with application of NPK fertilizer, lime, and cattle manure is an effective cropland management system for SOC sequestration.

Y Hao; R Lal; L.B Owens; R.C Izaurralde; W.M Post; D.L Hothem

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

1 BASEMENT STORAGE 3 MICROSCOPE LAB  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MECHANICAL ROOM 13 SHOWER ROOMSAIR COMPRESSOR 14 NITROGEN STORAGE 15 DIESEL FUEL STORAGE 16 ACID NEUT. TANK 17a ACID STORAGE 17b INERT GAS STORAGE 17c BASE STORAGE 17d SHELVES STORAGE * KNOCK-OUT PANEL

Boonstra, Rudy

440

Robotic Inspection System for Bulk Liquid Storage Tanks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for aboveground storage tanks (ASTs) requires: drainage of the product; cleaning of the vessel with water or solvents; physical removal, collection and containment of petroleum and chemical waste residues, including the waste streams created by the cleaning...

Hartsell, D. R.; Hakes, K. J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pool storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Solar Heating Test Design Facility for Bulk PCM Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This experimentation, conducted by the Centre dEnergtique de lENSMP, was designed to analyze the interest of bulk PCM storage centralized in a real water active solar heating system consisting of a low tempe...

P. Achard; B. Amann; D. Mayer

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Storage and stability of inorganic and methylmercury solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The storage behaviour of mercurychloride and methylmercury chloride solutions in deionized water and in seawater stored in polyethylene (PE), pyrex glass ... levels (4 ppb, 50 ppt, natural seawater concentrations...

M. Leermakers; P. Lansens; W. Baeyens

443

NETL: Carbon Storage - Reference Shelf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Storage > Reference Shelf Carbon Storage > Reference Shelf Carbon Storage Reference Shelf Below are links to Carbon Storage Program documents and reference materials. Each of the 10 categories has a variety of documents posted for easy access to current information - just click on the category link to view all related materials. RSS Icon Subscribe to the Carbon Storage RSS Feed. Carbon Storage Collage 2012 Carbon Utilization and Storage Atlas IV Carbon Sequestration Project Portfolio DOE/NETL Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage RD&D Roadmap Public Outreach and Education for Carbon Storage Projects Carbon Storage Technology Program Plan Carbon Storage Newsletter Archive Impact of the Marcellus Shale Gas Play on Current and Future CCS Activities Site Screening, Selection, and Initial Characterization for Storage of CO2 in Deep Geologic Formations Carbon Storage Systems and Well Management Activities Monitoring, Verification, and Accounting of CO2 Stored in Deep Geologic Formations

444

Hydrogen Storage Materials Database Demonstration | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Storage Materials Database Demonstration Hydrogen Storage Materials Database Demonstration Presentation slides from the Fuel Cell Technologies Office webinar "Hydrogen Storage...

445

Feasibility of Aquifer Storage Recovery for the Mustang, Oklahoma Well Field.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this study was to determine the economic and geochemical feasibility of utilizing aquifer storage recovery (ASR) technology to store water in the (more)

Wright, Krishna E.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Analysis of the rigid porous manifold as an effevtive device to stratify solar thermal storage tanks.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??One of the most effective and simplest methods to maintain thermal stratification of solar hot water storage tanks during charge and discharge is the use (more)

Ghosh, Vivekananda

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Solid-state hydrogen storage: Storage capacity, thermodynamics, and kinetics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solid-state reversible hydrogen storage systems hold great promise for onboard applications. ... key criteria for a successful solid-state reversible storage material are high storage capacity, suitable thermodyn...

William Osborn; Tippawan Markmaitree; Leon L. Shaw; Ruiming Ren; Jianzhi Hu

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Large Scale Energy Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work is mainly an experimental investigation on the storage of solar energy and/or the waste heat of a ... lake or a ground cavity. A model storage unit of (120.75)m3 size was designed and constructed. The...

F. mez; R. Oskay; A. ?. er

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Chloroform from swimming pools, a significant source of atmospheric chloroform in Phoenix?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chloroform from swimming pools, a significant source of atmospheric chloroform in Phoenix? Chloroform Flux From Swimming Pools Flux was estimated based on previously collected swimming pool data1; this means that swimming pools in Maricopa county emit an estimated 9.23 metric tons CHCl3/yr! In comparison

Hall, Sharon J.

450

Hedgehog(tm) Water Contaminant Removal System - Energy Innovation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

recirculating treatment system reduces the levels of contaminants in water storage tanks. A recirculation pump continually sends water though a treatment in order to reduce...

451

Ex Parte Memorandum on Grid-Enabled Water Heaters | Department...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

with DOE representatives regarding water heater standards and thermal storage and demand response programs. DOE exparte memo100213 Grid-EnabledWaterHeaterAmendment More...

452

Warehouse and Storage Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Warehouse and Storage Warehouse and Storage Characteristics by Activity... Warehouse and Storage Warehouse and storage buildings are those used to store goods, manufactured products, merchandise, raw materials, or personal belongings. Basic Characteristics [ See also: Equipment | Activity Subcategories | Energy Use ] Warehouse and Storage Buildings... While the idea of a warehouse may bring to mind a large building, in reality most warehouses were relatively small. Forty-four percent were between 1,001 and 5,000 square feet, and seventy percent were less than 10,000 square feet. Many warehouses were newer buildings. Twenty-five percent were built in the 1990s and almost fifty percent were constructed since 1980. Tables: Buildings and Size Data by Basic Characteristics Establishment, Employment, and Age Data by Characteristics

453

Sandia National Laboratories: evaluate energy storage opportunity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

energy storage opportunity 2013 Electricity Storage Handbook Published On July 31, 2013, in Energy, Energy Assurance, Energy Storage, Energy Storage Systems, Energy Surety, Grid...

454

Sandia National Laboratories: implement energy storage projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

implement energy storage projects 2013 Electricity Storage Handbook Published On July 31, 2013, in Energy, Energy Assurance, Energy Storage, Energy Storage Systems, Energy Surety,...

455

Hydrogen Storage Fact Sheet | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Storage Fact Sheet Hydrogen Storage Fact Sheet Fact sheet produced by the Fuel Cell Technologies Office describing hydrogen storage. Hydrogen Storage More Documents & Publications...

456

Compressed Air Storage Strategies | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Storage Strategies Compressed Air Storage Strategies This tip sheet briefly discusses compressed air storage strategies. COMPRESSED AIR TIP SHEET 9 Compressed Air Storage...

457

,"Underground Natural Gas Storage by Storage Type"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Sourcekey","N5030US2","N5010US2","N5020US2","N5070US2","N5050US2","N5060US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Underground Storage Volume (MMcf)","U.S. Total Natural Gas in Underground...

458

Waste Encapsulation and Storage Facility (WESF) Dangerous Waste Training Plan (DWTP)  

SciTech Connect

This Waste Encapsulation Storage Facility (WESF) Dangerous Waste Training Plan (DWTP) applies to personnel who perform work at, or in support of WESF. The plan, along with the names of personnel, may be given to a regulatory agency inspector upon request. General workers, subcontractors, or visiting personnel who have not been trained in the management of dangerous wastes must be accompanied by an individual who meets the requirements of this training plan. Dangerous waste management includes handling, treatment, storage, and/or disposal of dangerous and/or mixed waste. Dangerous waste management units covered by this plan include: less-than-90-day accumulation area(s); pool cells 1-8 and 12 storage units; and process cells A-G storage units. This training plan describes general requirements, worker categories, and provides course descriptions for operation of the WESF permitted miscellaneous storage units and the Less-than-90-Day Accumulation Areas.

SIMMONS, F.M.

2000-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

459

Pathogenic Human Viruses in Coastal Waters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of viruses is heat stable and more...excreted into the water column by mammals...disease after swimming at polluted beaches...caliciviruses in marine water maintained at...with municipal water system. J...associated with swimming in a pool and secondary...

Dale W. Griffin; Kim A. Donaldson; John H. Paul; Joan B. Rose

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

STATE OF CALIFORNIA AIR, WATER SIDE SYSTEM, SERVICE HOT WATER & POOL REQUIREMENTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/Cool 144(d) Economizer 144(e) Heat and Cool Air Supply Reset 144(f) Electric Resistance Heating1 144(g) Heat Rejection System §144 (h) Air Cooled Chiller Limitation §144 (i) Duct Leakage Sealing. If Yes, a MECH-4-A must be submitted 144(k) 1. Total installed capacity (MBtu/hr) of all electric heat

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pool storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

,"Underground Natural Gas Storage - Storage Fields Other than...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Underground Natural Gas Storage - Storage Fields Other than Salt Caverns",8,"Monthly","102014","115...

462

Heat transfer enhancement mechanism of pool boiling with self-rewetting fluid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Self-rewetting fluid (SRWF) is believed to be a promising and useful working liquid for the application of boiling to the development of high efficient cooling devices with micro structure. To clarify the fundamental heat transfer characteristic and heat transfer enhancement mechanism of pool boiling with SRWF, by employing dilute heptanol aqueous solution as SRWF, a series of boiling experiments have been carried out. In pool boiling tests, a boiling system using a horizontal heated wire was employed. The experimental results show that, the critical heat flux (CHF) of the SRWF increased up to 2.52 times the CHF of water, and the heat transfer enhancement mechanism was discussed. With a high speed video camera, the nucleation boiling process on the heated wire has been recorded. It is found out that, the bubble size of the SRWF is much smaller than that of pure water, and the bubbles of SRWF were hard to coalesce, which is beneficial for the application in small thermal devices. Furthermore, when the heat flux was up to a certain value, the micro-bubble emission boiling (MEB) appeared in the SRWF. It can be concluded that the Marangoni convection induced by surface tension gradient of SRWF is probably one of the key factors causing the formation of MEB.

Yanxin Hu; Suling Zhang; Xuanyou Li; Shuangfeng Wang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Demonstrating the Safety of Long-Term Dry Storage - 13468  

SciTech Connect

Commercial nuclear plants in the United States were originally designed with the expectation that used nuclear fuel would be moved directly from the reactor pools and transported off site for either reprocessing or direct geologic disposal. However, Federal programs intended to meet this expectation were never able to develop the capability to remove used fuel from reactor sites - and these programs remain stalled to this day. Therefore, in the 1980's, with reactor pools reaching capacity limits, industry began developing dry cask storage technology to provide for additional on-site storage. Use of this technology has expanded significantly since then, and has today become a standard part of plant operations at most US nuclear sites. As this expansion was underway, Federal programs remained stalled, and it became evident that dry cask systems would be in use longer than originally envisioned. In response to this challenge, a strong technical basis supporting the long term dry storage safety has been developed. However, this is not a static situation. The technical basis must be able to address future challenges. Industry is responding to one such challenge - the increasing prevalence of high burnup (HBU) used fuel and the need to provide long term storage assurance for these fuels equivalent to that which has existed for lower burnup fuels over the past 25 years. This response includes a confirmatory demonstration program designed to address the aging characteristics of HBU fuel and set a precedent for a learning approach to aging management that will have broad applicability across the used fuel storage landscape. (authors)

McCullum, Rod [Nuclear Energy Institute, 1201 F St. NW, Washington, DC, 20004 (United States)] [Nuclear Energy Institute, 1201 F St. NW, Washington, DC, 20004 (United States); Brookmire, Tom [Dominion Energy, 5000 Dominion Boulevard Glen Allen, VA 23060 (United States)] [Dominion Energy, 5000 Dominion Boulevard Glen Allen, VA 23060 (United States); Kessler, John [Electric Power Research Institute, 1300 West W.T. Harris Boulevard, Charlotte, NC 28262 (United States)] [Electric Power Research Institute, 1300 West W.T. Harris Boulevard, Charlotte, NC 28262 (United States); Leblang, Suzanne [Entergy, 1340 Echelon Parkway, Jackson, MS 39211 (United States)] [Entergy, 1340 Echelon Parkway, Jackson, MS 39211 (United States); Levin, Adam [Exelon, 4300 Winfield Road, Warrenville, IL 60555 (United States)] [Exelon, 4300 Winfield Road, Warrenville, IL 60555 (United States); Martin, Zita [Tennessee Valley Authority, 1101 Market Street, Chattanooga, TN 37402 (United States)] [Tennessee Valley Authority, 1101 Market Street, Chattanooga, TN 37402 (United States); Nesbit, Steve [Duke Energy, 550 South Tryon Street, Charlotte, NC 28202 (United States)] [Duke Energy, 550 South Tryon Street, Charlotte, NC 28202 (United States); Nichol, Marc [Nuclear Energy Institute, 1201 F St. NW Washington DC, 2004 (United States)] [Nuclear Energy Institute, 1201 F St. NW Washington DC, 2004 (United States); Pickens, Terry [Xcel Energy, 414 Nicollet Mall, Minneapolis, MN 55401 (United States)] [Xcel Energy, 414 Nicollet Mall, Minneapolis, MN 55401 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Porous polymeric materials for hydrogen storage  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Porous polymers, tribenzohexazatriphenylene, poly-9,9'-spirobifluorene, poly-tetraphenyl methane and their derivatives for storage of H.sub.2 prepared through a chemical synthesis method. The porous polymers have high specific surface area and narrow pore size distribution. Hydrogen uptake measurements conducted for these polymers determined a higher hydrogen storage capacity at the ambient temperature over that of the benchmark materials. The method of preparing such polymers, includes oxidatively activating solids by CO.sub.2/steam oxidation and supercritical water treatment.

Yu, Luping (Hoffman Estates, IL); Liu, Di-Jia (Naperville, IL); Yuan, Shengwen (Chicago, IL); Yang, Junbing (Westmont, IL)

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

465

Fresh Water Increased temperature means higher proportion of water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fresh Water Increased temperature means higher proportion of water falling on surface higher evaporation higher rainfall greater intensity of floods and droughts. Water use has grown four on How much storage compared to average flow Demand as percentage of supply How much ground water is used

Houston, Paul L.

466

Four Dam Pool Power Agency FDPPA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dam Pool Power Agency FDPPA Dam Pool Power Agency FDPPA Jump to: navigation, search Name Four Dam Pool Power Agency (FDPPA) Place Anchorage, Alaska Zip 99515 Sector Hydro Product Joint action agency consisting of four hydroelectric projects that was organized by five electric cooperatives that purchase power from the facilities. Coordinates 38.264985°, -85.539014° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.264985,"lon":-85.539014,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

467

Buckhorn Mineral Wells Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Buckhorn Mineral Wells Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Buckhorn Mineral Wells Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Buckhorn Mineral Wells Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Mesa, Arizona Coordinates 33.4222685°, -111.8226402° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

468

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: Tropical Warm Pool  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment May, Peter Bureau or Meteorology Research Centre Mather, James Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Jakob, Christian BMRC One of the most complete data sets describing tropical convection ever collected will result from the upcoming Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment (TWPICE) in the area around Darwin in late 2005 and early 2006. The aims of the experiment will be to examine convective cloud systems from their initial stages through to the decay of the cirrus generated and to measure their impact on the environment. The experiment design includes an unprecedented network of ground-based observations (soundings, active and passive remote sensors) combined with a large range of low, mid and high altitude aircraft for in-situ and remote sensing

469

Solar swimming pool heating: Description of a validated model  

SciTech Connect

In the framework of a European Demonstration Programme, co-financed by CEC and national bodies, a model was elaborated and validated for open-air swimming pools having a minimal surface of 100 m[sup 2] and a minimal depth of 0.5 m. The model consists of two parts, the energy balance of the pool and the solar plant. The theoretical background of the energy balance of an open-air swimming pool was found to be poor. Special monitoring campaigns were used to validate the dynamic model using mathematical parameter identification methods. The final model was simplified in order to shorten calculation time and to improve the user-friendliness by reducing the input values to the most important one. The programme is commercially available. However, it requires the hourly meteorological data of a test reference year (TRY) as an input. The users are mainly designing engineers.

Haaf, W.; Luboschik, U.; Tesche, B. (IST Energietechnik GmbH, Hauptsitz Wollbach, Kandern (Germany))

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Breitenbush Community Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Breitenbush Community Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Breitenbush Community Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Breitenbush Community Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Detroit, Oregon Coordinates 44.7340108°, -122.1497982° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

471

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tropical Warm Pool Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment General Description The Tropical Warm Pool - International Cloud Experiment (TWP-ICE) was a collaborative effort led by the U.S. Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program and the Australian Bureau of Meteorology. Beginning January 21 and ending February 14, 2006, the experiment was conducted in the region near the ARM Climate Research Facility in Darwin, Northern Australia. This permanent facility is fully equipped with sophisticated instruments for measuring cloud and other atmospheric properties to provide a long-term record of continuous observational data. Measurements obtained from the other experiment components (explained below) will complement this dataset to provide a detailed description of the tropical atmosphere.

472

Ultrafine hydrogen storage powders  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of making hydrogen storage powder resistant to fracture in service involves forming a melt having the appropriate composition for the hydrogen storage material, such, for example, LaNi.sub.5 and other AB.sub.5 type materials and AB.sub.5+x materials, where x is from about -2.5 to about +2.5, including x=0, and the melt is gas atomized under conditions of melt temperature and atomizing gas pressure to form generally spherical powder particles. The hydrogen storage powder exhibits improved chemcial homogeneity as a result of rapid solidfication from the melt and small particle size that is more resistant to microcracking during hydrogen absorption/desorption cycling. A hydrogen storage component, such as an electrode for a battery or electrochemical fuel cell, made from the gas atomized hydrogen storage material is resistant to hydrogen degradation upon hydrogen absorption/desorption that occurs for example, during charging/discharging of a battery. Such hydrogen storage components can be made by consolidating and optionally sintering the gas atomized hydrogen storage powder or alternately by shaping the gas atomized powder and a suitable binder to a desired configuration in a mold or die.

Anderson, Iver E. (Ames, IA); Ellis, Timothy W. (Doylestown, PA); Pecharsky, Vitalij K. (Ames, IA); Ting, Jason (Ames, IA); Terpstra, Robert (Ames, IA); Bowman, Robert C. (La Mesa, CA); Witham, Charles K. (Pasadena, CA); Fultz, Brent T. (Pasadena, CA); Bugga, Ratnakumar V. (Arcadia, CA)

2000-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

473

Using mathematical modelling to inform on the ability of stormwater ponds to improve the water quality of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, a retention pond's permanent pool of water provides the sort of conditions that allows pollutants to degrade that is achieved by the mixing of the inflow with the water in the permanent pool; and (b) how sensitive) that is based on the following equation that describes the conservation of volume of water: dV dt ¼ Qi 2 Qo ð1?

Heal, Kate

474

Trade-off between collector area, storage volume, and building conservation in annual-storage solar-heating systems  

SciTech Connect

Annual storage is used with active solar heating systems to permit storage of summertime solar heat for winter use. The results of a comprehensive computer simulation study of the performance of active solar heating systems with long-term hot water storage are presented. A unique feature of this study is the investigation of systems used to supply backup heat to passive solar and energy-conserving buildings, as well as to meet standard heating and hot water loads. Findings show that system output increases linearly as storage volume increases, up to the point where the storage tank is large enough to store all heat collected in summer. This point, the point of unconstrained operation, is the likely economic optimum. Unlike diurnal storage systems, annual storage systems show only slightly diminished efficiency as system size increases. Annual storage systems providing nearly 100% solar space heat may cost the same or less per unit heat delivered as a 50% diurnal solar system. Also in contrast to diurnal systems, annual storage systems perform efficiently in meeting the load of a passive or energy-efficient building.

Sillman, S.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Sandia National Laboratories: Energy Storage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Molten Salt Energy-Storage Demonstration On May 21, 2014, in Capabilities, Concentrating Solar Power, Energy, Energy Storage, Facilities, National Solar Thermal Test Facility,...

476

NREL: Transportation Research - Energy Storage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Storage Transportation Research Cutaway image of an automobile showing the location of energy storage components (battery and inverter), as well as electric motor, power...

477

Hydrogen Storage Materials Database Demonstration  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

| Fuel Cell Technologies Program Source: US DOE 4252011 eere.energy.gov Hydrogen Storage Materials Database Demonstration FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM Ned Stetson Storage Tech...

478

Hydrogen storage gets new hope  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen storage gets new hope Hydrogen storage gets new hope A new method for "recycling" hydrogen-containing fuel materials could open the door to economically viable...

479

Energy Storage | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Energy Storage Energy Storage One of the distinctive characteristics of the electric power sector is that the amount of electricity that can be generated is relatively fixed over...

480

Risk of Gastrointestinal Disease Associated with Exposure to Pathogens in the Water of the Lower Passaic River  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and R. Cantu. 2006. Water ingestion during swimming activities in a pool: a pilot study. J. Water Health 4: 425-430...Department of Environmental Conservation. 2004. State enforcement targets quality of water near New York City...

Ellen Donovan; Ken Unice; Jennifer D. Roberts; Mark Harris; Brent Finley

2007-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pool storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Gas Storage Technology Consortium  

SciTech Connect

Gas storage is a critical element in the natural gas industry. Producers, transmission and distribution companies, marketers, and end users all benefit directly from the load balancing function of storage. The unbundling process has fundamentally changed the way storage is used and valued. As an unbundled service, the value of storage is being recovered at rates that reflect its value. Moreover, the marketplace has differentiated between various types of storage services and has increasingly rewarded flexibility, safety, and reliability. The size of the natural gas market has increased and is projected to continue to increase towards 30 trillion cubic feet (TCF) over the next 10 to 15 years. Much of this increase is projected to come from electric generation, particularly peaking units. Gas storage, particularly the flexible services that are most suited to electric loads, is crucial in meeting the needs of these new markets. To address the gas storage needs of the natural gas industry, an industry-driven consortium was created - the Gas Storage Technology Consortium (GSTC). The objective of the GSTC is to provide a means to accomplish industry-driven research and development designed to enhance the operational flexibility and deliverability of the nation's gas storage system, and provide a cost-effective, safe, and reliable supply of natural gas to meet domestic demand. This report addresses the activities for the quarterly period of January1, 2007 through March 31, 2007. Key activities during this time period included: {lg_bullet} Drafting and distributing the 2007 RFP; {lg_bullet} Identifying and securing a meeting site for the GSTC 2007 Spring Proposal Meeting; {lg_bullet} Scheduling and participating in two (2) project mentoring conference calls; {lg_bullet} Conducting elections for four Executive Council seats; {lg_bullet} Collecting and compiling the 2005 GSTC Final Project Reports; and {lg_bullet} Outreach and communications.

Joel L. Morrison; Sharon L. Elder

2007-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

482

Gas Storage Technology Consortium  

SciTech Connect

Gas storage is a critical element in the natural gas industry. Producers, transmission and distribution companies, marketers, and end users all benefit directly from the load balancing function of storage. The unbundling process has fundamentally changed the way storage is used and valued. As an unbundled service, the value of storage is being recovered at rates that reflect its value. Moreover, the marketplace has differentiated between various types of storage services and has increasingly rewarded flexibility, safety, and reliability. The size of the natural gas market has increased and is projected to continue to increase towards 30 trillion cubic feet over the next 10 to 15 years. Much of this increase is projected to come from electric generation, particularly peaking units. Gas storage, particularly the flexible services that are most suited to electric loads, is crucial in meeting the needs of these new markets. To address the gas storage needs of the natural gas industry, an industry-driven consortium was created--the Gas Storage Technology Consortium (GSTC). The objective of the GSTC is to provide a means to accomplish industry-driven research and development designed to enhance the operational flexibility and deliverability of the nation's gas storage system, and provide a cost-effective, safe, and reliable supply of natural gas to meet domestic demand. This report addresses the activities for the quarterly period of April 1, 2007 through June 30, 2007. Key activities during this time period included: (1) Organizing and hosting the 2007 GSTC Spring Meeting; (2) Identifying the 2007 GSTC projects, issuing award or declination letters, and begin drafting subcontracts; (3) 2007 project mentoring teams identified; (4) New NETL Project Manager; (5) Preliminary planning for the 2007 GSTC Fall Meeting; (6) Collecting and compiling the 2005 GSTC project final reports; and (7) Outreach and communications.

Joel L. Morrison; Sharon L. Elder

2007-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

483

Preliminary survey and evaluation of nonaquifer thermal energy storage concepts for seasonal storage  

SciTech Connect

Thermal energy storage enables the capture and retention of heat energy (or cold) during one time period for use during another. Seasonal thermal energy storage (STES) involves a period of months between the input and recovery of energy. The purpose of this study was to make a preliminary investigation and evaluation of potential nonaquifer STES systems. Current literature was surveyed to determine the state of the art of thermal energy storage (TES) systems such as hot water pond storage, hot rock storage, cool ice storage, and other more sophisticated concepts which might have potential for future STES programs. The main energy sources for TES principally waste heat, and the main uses of the stored thermal energy, i.e., heating, cooling, and steam generation are described. This report reviews the development of sensible, latent, and thermochemical TES technologies, presents a preliminary evaluation of the TES methods most applicable to seasonal storage uses, outlines preliminary conclusions drawn from the review of current TES literature, and recommends further research based on these conclusions. A bibliography of the nonaquifer STES literature review, and examples of 53 different TES concepts drawn from the literature are provided. (LCL)

Blahnik, D.E.

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Modeling of pool spreading of LNG on land  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents a source term model for estimating the rate of spreading of LNG and other cryogenic mixtures on unconfined land. The model takes into account the composition changes of a boiling mixture, the varying thermodynamic properties due to preferential boiling within the mixture and the effect of the various boiling regimes on conductive heat transfer. A sensitivity analysis is conducted to determine the relative effect of each of these phenomena on pool spread. The model is applied to continuous and instantaneous spills. The model is compared to literature experimental data on cryogenic pool spreading.

Omar Basha; Tomasz Olewski; Luc Vchot; Marcelo Castier; Sam Mannan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Hydrogen Storage- Overview  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- - Overview George Thomas, Hydrogen Consultant to SNL * and Jay Keller, Hydrogen Program Manager Sandia National Laboratories H 2 Delivery and Infrastructure Workshop May 7-8, 2003 * Most of this presentation has been extracted from George Thomas' invited BES Hydrogen Workshop presentation (May 13-14, 2003) Sandia National Laboratories 4/14/03 2 Sandia National Laboratories From George Thomas, BES workshop 5/13/03 H 2 storage is a critical enabling technology for H 2 use as an energy carrier The low volumetric density of gaseous fuels requires a storage method which compacts the fuel. Hence, hydrogen storage systems are inherently more complex than liquid fuels. Storage technologies are needed in all aspects of hydrogen utilization. production distribution utilization