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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Recent Bottom Water Warming in the Pacific Ocean* GREGORY C. JOHNSON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent Bottom Water Warming in the Pacific Ocean* GREGORY C. JOHNSON NOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory Contribution Number 3037. Corresponding author address: Gregory C. Johnson, NOAA-mail: gregory.c.johnson@noaa.gov 1 NOVEMBER 2007 J O H N S O N E T A L . 5365 DOI: 10.1175/2007JCLI1879.1 © 2007

Johnson, Gregory C.

2

Central South Pacific thermocline water circulation from a high-resolution ocean model validated against satellite data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Central South Pacific thermocline water circulation from a high-resolution ocean model validated. Introduction [2] Most South Pacific Ocean studies have been focused on its western or eastern part, leaving 12 January 2009; accepted 28 January 2009; published 13 May 2009. [1] The oceanic circulation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

3

Ocean dynamics and thermodynamics in the tropical Indo- Pacific region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pacific Oceans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .currents in the tropical Pacific Ocean. J. Phys. Oceanogr. ,in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean associated with the

Drushka, Kyla

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Pelagic Polychaetes of the Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Polyc'kaetes of the Pacific Ocean CLAPARtDE,E. 1868. LesPolyc'haetes of the Pacific Ocean KINBERG, J. G. H. 1866.Polyc'kaetes of the Pacific Ocean TREADWELL, A. L. 1906.

Dales, K Phillips

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Impact of mesoscale eddies on water transport between the Pacific Ocean and the Bering Sea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sea surface height anomalies observed by satellites in 1993--2012 are combined with simulation and observations by surface drifters and Argo floats to study water flow pattern in the Near Strait (NS) connected the Pacific Ocean with the Bering Sea. Daily Lagrangian latitudinal maps, computed with the AVISO surface velocity field, and calculation of the transport across the strait show that the flow through the NS is highly variable and controlled by mesoscale and submesoscale eddies in the area. On the seasonal scale, the flux through the western part of the NR is negatively correlated with the flux through its eastern part ($r=-0.93$). On the interannual time scale, a significant positive correlation ($r=0.72$) is diagnosed between the NS transport and the wind stress in winter. Increased southward component of the wind stress decreases the northward water transport through the strait. Positive wind stress curl over the strait area in winter--spring generates the cyclonic circulation and thereby enhances the...

Prants, S V; Budyansky, M V; Uleysky, M Yu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Distribution of copper, nickel, and cadmium in the surface waters of the North Atlantic and North Pacific Ocean  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Concentrations of copper, nickel, and cadmium have been determined for about 250 surface water samples. Nonupwelling open-ocean concentrations of these metals are Cu, 0.5-1.4 nmol/kg: Ni, 1-2 nmol/kg; and Cd, less than 10 pmol/kg. In the equatorial Pacific upwelling zone, concentrations of Ni (3 nmol/kg) and Cd (80 pmol/kg) are higher than in the open ocean, but Cu (0.9 nmol/kg) is not significantly enriched. Metal concentrations are higher in cool, nutrient-rich eastern boundary currents: Cu, 1.5 nmol/kg: Ni, 3.5 nmol/kg and Cd, 30-50 pmol/kg. Copper is distinctly higher in the coastal waters of the Gulf of Panama (3--4 nmol/kg) and also higher in the shelf waters north of the Gulf Stream (2.5 nmol/kg): these copper enrichments may be caused by copper remobilized from mildly reducing shelf sediments and maintained by a coastal nutrient trap. In the open ocean, events of high-Cu water (1.5--3.5 nmol/kg) are seen on scales up to 60 km; presumably, these are due to the advection of coastal water into the ocean interior. The lowest copper concentrations in the North Pacific central gyre (0.5 nmol/kg: (Bruland, 1980) are lower than in the Sargasso Sea (1.3 nmol/kg), while for nickel the lowest concentrations are 2 nmol/kg in both the North Pacific and the North Atlantic. Nickel and cadmium, while generally correlated with the nutrients in surface waters, show distinct regional changes in their element-nutrient correlations. The residual concentrations of trace metals in the surface waters of the ocean can be explained if biological discrimination against trace metals relative to phosphorus increases as productivity decreases.

Boyle, E.A.; Huested, S.S.; Jones, S.P.

1981-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

7

Ocean Observatories Initiative: Pacific Northwest The Endurance Array  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ocean Observatories Initiative: Pacific Northwest The Endurance Array The processes that shape. The Ocean Observatories Initiative (OOI) will build a 25­30 year laboratory on the seafloor, in the water column, and at the ocean surface. It will make available novel platforms for oceanographic discovery

Kurapov, Alexander

8

Late Quaternary variability of sedimentary nitrogen isotopes in the eastern South Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Late Quaternary variability of sedimentary nitrogen isotopes in the eastern South Pacific Ocean), Late Quaternary variability of sedimentary nitrogen isotopes in the eastern South Pacific Ocean) in the water columns of the Arabian Sea (AS) and the eastern North and South Pacific oceans (ENP; ESP) holds

Demouchy, Sylvie

9

The depth of the tropical Pacific Ocean's warm surface layer shrank during the last three  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The depth of the tropical Pacific Ocean's warm surface layer shrank during the last three decades Pacific Ocean, off an island in Palau. They analysed the ratio of nitrogen and carbon isotopes.1029/2010GL044867 (2010) OceanOgraphy Cold water rising in the Pacific DrUg DeVeLOpMenT Worm surgery on a chip

Yanik, Mehmet Fatih

10

Heat Content Changes in the Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heat Content Changes in the Pacific Ocean The Acoustic Thermometry of Ocean Cli- mate (ATOC assimilating ocean observations and changes expected from surface heat fluxes as measured by the daily National are a result of advection of heat by ocean currents. We calculate that the most likely cause of the discrepancy

Frandsen, Jannette B.

11

Distribution of anthropogenic CO2 in the Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distribution of anthropogenic CO2 in the Pacific Ocean C. L. Sabine,1 R. A. Feely,2 R. M. Key,3 J] This work presents an estimate of anthropogenic CO2 in the Pacific Ocean based on measurements from the WOCE tracers; 9355 Information Related to Geographic Region: Pacific Ocean; KEYWORDS: Pacific Ocean

12

Open ocean DMS air/sea fluxes over the eastern South Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

over the North Pacific Ocean, J. Geophys. Res. - Atmos. ,air/sea fluxes over S. Pacific Ocean References Asher, W.in the equa- torial Pacific Ocean ( 1982 to 1996): Evidence

Marandino, C. A; De Bruyn, W. J; Miller, S. D; Saltzman, E. S

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

A synthesis of marine predator migrations, distribution, species overlap, and use of Pacific Ocean Exclusive Economic Zones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

North Pacific Ocean . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .month in the North Pacific Ocean . . . . . . . . . . . .tracked in the Pacific Ocean during 2002-2009. Adapted from

Harrison, Autumn-Lynn

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Eddy correlation measurements of the air/sea flux of dimethylsulfide over the North Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

radon over the northeast Pacific Ocean, J. Atmos. Chem. , 6,in the equatorial Pacific Ocean (1982 to 1996): Evidence ofover the northeast Pacific Ocean, J. Atmos. Chem. , Bates,

Marandino, C. A; De Bruyn, W. J; Miller, S. D; Saltzman, E. S

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Tropical Pacific nutrient dynamics in the modern and pleistocene ocean : insights from the nitrogen isotope system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

eastern tropical North Pacific Ocean, Mar. Chem. , 3, 271eastern tropical South Pacific Ocean, Mar. Chem. , 16, 277and N 2 fixation in the Pacific Ocean, Global Biogeochem.

Rafter, Patrick Anthony

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Trophic understanding of tunas of the Southwest Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trophic understanding of tunas of the Southwest Pacific Ocean WEALTH FROM OCEANS FLAGSHIP Jock of tunas of the Southwest Pacific Ocean| JWY3 | Thunnus tonggol Thunnus obesus Thunnus albacares Thunnus of the Southwest Pacific Ocean| JWY4 | Species SCA DR SIA SFA Thunnus alalunga + + + 0 Thunnus albacares + + + 0

Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

17

Variability in North Pacific intermediate and deep water ventilation during Heinrich events in two coupled climate models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo, Japan d International Pacific Research Center, University water warming in the Pacific Ocean. The sensitivities of the Pacific meridional overturning circulation Pacific. Our models simulate broad features observed in several paleoproxy data of the Pacific Ocean

Chikamoto, Megumi O.

18

A decade of acoustic thermometry in the North Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A decade of acoustic thermometry in the North Pacific Ocean B. D. Dushaw,1 P. F. Worcester,2 W. H of acoustic thermometry in the North Pacific Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 114, C07021, doi:10.1029/2008JC005124. 1 of basin-scale heat content in the northeast Pacific Ocean were made using a broadband 133-Hz source

Frandsen, Jannette B.

19

HEAT STORAGE AND ADVECTION IN THE NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HEAT STORAGE AND ADVECTION IN THE NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO THE GRADUATE maintaining the seasonal heat storage in the 0 to 250 meter surface layer of the North Pacific Ocean. Approximately 140,000 bathy- thermograph observations taken in the Pacific Ocean from 10° South latitude to 70

Luther, Douglas S.

20

DEEP MAXIMA OF PHOTOSYNTHETIC CHLOROPHYLL IN THE PACIFIC OCEAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEEP MAXIMA OF PHOTOSYNTHETIC CHLOROPHYLL IN THE PACIFIC OCEAN E. L. VENRICK, J. A. MCGOWAN, AND A Pacific Ocean show that during most of the year the maximum concentrations of chlorophyll occur below in the world's oceans. There are several thousands of these measurements in the Pacific. Most

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Biogeochemical and hydrographic controls on chromophoric dissolved organic matter distribution in the Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the Pacific Ocean Chantal M. Swan a,?, David A. Siegel a,b , Norman B. Nelson a , Craig A. Carlson c , Elora Available online 19 September 2009 Keywords: CDOM AOU Pacific Water masses Hydrography Bio-optical a b s t r a c t Recent in situ observations of chromophoric dissolved organic material (CDOM) in the Pacific

Siegel, David A.

22

The Ocean's least productive waters are expanding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Ocean's least productive waters are expanding Jeffrey Polovina, Evan Howell, Melanie AbecassisWiFS Annual mean depth integrated net primary productivity (data from Behrenfeld 2007) #12;N Pacific Monthly for Pacific and Atlantic oligotrophic gyres expanding 0.79 4.40 %/yr (6.32- 35.2% increase in 2006 compared

Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

23

Pacific Ocean Contribution to the Asymmetry in Eastern Indian Ocean Variability CAROLINE C. UMMENHOFER*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pacific Ocean Contribution to the Asymmetry in Eastern Indian Ocean Variability CAROLINE C is restricted to the Indian or Pacific Ocean only, support the interpretation of forcing mechanisms for large Indian Ocean atmospheric forcing versus remote influences from Pacific wind forcing: low events develop

Ummenhofer, Caroline C.

24

Mode coherence at megameter ranges in the North Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mode coherence at megameter ranges in the North Pacific Ocean Kathleen E. Wage, Matthew A and the Acoustical Society of America. #12;Mode coherence at megameter ranges in the North Pacific Ocean Kathleen E Thermometry of Ocean Climate ATOC and Alternate Source Test AST experiments. Vertical line arrays at Hawaii

Wage, Kathleen

25

Northerly surface wind events over the eastern North Pacific Ocean : spatial distribution, seasonality, atmospheric circulation, and forcing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

atmosphere over the eastern Pacific Ocean in summer, volumeover the eastern North Pacific Ocean: Spatial distribution,winds over the eastern North Pacific Ocean in spring and

Taylor, Stephen V.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Examining Management Issues for Incidentally Caught Species in Highly Migratory Species Fisheries in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dynamics in the central Pacific Ocean, 1952- 1998. II. Afishing for tunas in the Pacific Ocean. Ecology and Societywestern and central north Pacific Ocean. ISC. 2013a. Stock

Chan, Valerie Ann

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

On the World-wide Circulation of the Deeper Waters of the World Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

circulation of the Pacific Ocean: Flow patterns, tracers,in preparing the figures. Fig. 1 Pacific Ocean winds Fig.2 Pacific Ocean circulation Fig. 4 Pacific Ocean potential

Reid, Joseph L

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Alkyl nitrate (C 1 -C 3 ) depth profiles in the tropical Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experiment (WOCE), vol. 2, Pacific Ocean DRAFT, edited by M.over the equatorial Pacific Ocean during SAGA 3, J. Geophys.the troposphere over the Pacific Ocean during PEM- Tropics A

Dahl, E. E; Yvon-Lewis, S. A; Saltzman, E. S

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Intermediate-depth circulation of the Indian and South Pacific Oceans measured by autonomous floats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

circulation of the Pacific Ocean: Flow patterns, tracers,runs in the Indian and Pacific Oceans using the EstimatingIndian and (right) Pacific Oceans from the JPLECCO data-

Davis, Russ E

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Asian anthropogenic lead contamination in the North Pacific Ocean as evidenced by stable lead isotopic compositions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and North Central Pacific Ocean. Deep Sea Res. Part II Top.Lead Within the Northwest Pacific Ocean Evidenced by Leadventilation flux of the Pacific Ocean. J. Geophys. Res. 106(

Zurbrick, Cheryl Marie

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

The distinct behaviors of Pacific and Indian Ocean warm pool properties on seasonal and interannual time scales  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the tropical Indian and Pacific Ocean regions, Mon. WeatherIndian Ocean and in the Pacific Ocean, J. Ocean Univ. China,KIM ET AL. : PACIFIC AND INDIAN OCEAN WARM POOL Rayner, N.

Kim, Seon Tae; Yu, Jin-Yi; Lu, Mong-Ming

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Relationships between Pacific and Atlantic ocean sea surface temperatures and U.S. streamflow variability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Relationships between Pacific and Atlantic ocean sea surface temperatures and U.S. streamflow March 2006; published 19 July 2006. [1] An evaluation of Pacific and Atlantic Ocean sea surface by an interdecadal-temporal evaluation for the Pacific (Atlantic) Ocean based on the phase of the Pacific Decadal

Piechota, Thomas C.

33

Closure of the global overturning circulation through the Indian, Pacific and Southern Oceans: schematics and transports  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

internal diapycnal transformation in the deep Indian and Pacific Oceans. All three northern-source Deep and Pacific Oceans; only 0.1 PW is gained at the surface in the Southern Ocean. Thus, while an adiabatic model full participation of the diffusive Indian and Pacific Oceans, with a basin-averaged diffusivity

Talley, Lynne D.

34

Journal of Oceanography, Vol. 60, pp. 163 to 188, 2004 Pacific Ocean,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

163 Journal of Oceanography, Vol. 60, pp. 163 to 188, 2004 Keywords: Pacific Ocean, decadal. Decadal-Scale Climate and Ecosystem Interactions in the North Pacific Ocean ARTHUR J. MILLER 1 *, FEI CHAI variations in the Pacific Ocean wield a strong influence on the oceanic ecosystem. Two dominant patterns

Maine, University of

35

Impacts of Pacific and Indian Ocean Coupling on Wintertime Tropical Intraseasonal Oscillation: A Basin-Coupling CGCM Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the central Indian and Pacific oceans. We notice from FigureIP) Run, (c) the Pacific Ocean (PO) Run, and (d) the Indiantropical Indian and Pacific Oceans. Journal of Climate 10:

Weng, Shu-Ping; Yu, Jin-Yi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

1 Drivers of the projected changes to the Pacific Ocean 2 equatorial circulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Drivers of the projected changes to the Pacific Ocean 2 equatorial circulation 3 A. Sen Gupta,1 A), 29 Drivers of the projected changes to the Pacific Ocean equatorial 30 circulation, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, LXXXXX, doi:10.1029/ 31 2012GL051447. 32 1. Introduction 33 [2] The equatorial Pacific Ocean

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

37

Interactions between the Indonesian Throughflow and circulations in the Indian and Pacific Oceans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interactions between the Indonesian Throughflow and circulations in the Indian and Pacific Oceans with the Indonesian Throughflow (IT), particularly concerning subsurface currents in the Pacific Ocean, are studied model (LOM), both confined to the Indo-Pacific basin; and a global, ocean general circulation model

Jensen, Tommy

38

An optimizing reduced order FDS for the tropical Pacific Ocean reduced gravity model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An optimizing reduced order FDS for the tropical Pacific Ocean reduced gravity model Zhendong Luoa) for the tropical Pacific Ocean reduced gravity model. Ensembles of data are compiled from transient solutions computed from the discrete equation system derived by FDS for the tropical Pacific Ocean reduced gravity

Aluffi, Paolo

39

Effects of correcting salinity with altimeter measurements in an equatorial Pacific ocean model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effects of correcting salinity with altimeter measurements in an equatorial Pacific ocean model in a tropical Pacific ocean model run for the period 1993­1997. Salinity and temperature corrections salinity with altimeter measurements in an equatorial Pacific ocean model, J. Geophys. Res., 107(C12), 8001

van Leeuwen, Peter Jan

40

Intraseasonal Eastern Pacific Precipitation and SST Variations in a GCM Coupled to a Slab Ocean Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intraseasonal Eastern Pacific Precipitation and SST Variations in a GCM Coupled to a Slab Ocean-Schubert convection to a slab ocean model (SOM) improves the simulation of eastern Pacific convection during and ocean make eastern Pacific low-level circulation anomalies more complex in the SOM simulation than

Maloney, Eric

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Intermediate Zonal Jets in the Tropical Pacific Ocean Observed by Argo Floats* SOPHIE CRAVATTE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intermediate Zonal Jets in the Tropical Pacific Ocean Observed by Argo Floats* SOPHIE CRAVATTE´veloppement, LEGOS, Toulouse, France WILLIAM S. KESSLER National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/Pacific Argo float data in the tropical Pacific Ocean during January 2003­August 2011 are analyzed to obtain

Boyer, Edmond

42

Eddy mean flow decomposition and eddy diffusivity estimates in the tropical Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Eddy mean flow decomposition and eddy diffusivity estimates in the tropical Pacific Ocean: 2] Eddy diffusivity of the surface velocity field in the tropical Pacific Ocean was estimated using diffusivity estimates in the tropical Pacific Ocean: 2. Results, J. Geophys. Res., 107(C10), 3154, doi:10

43

MODEL OF THE .MIGRATION OF ALBACORE IN THE NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MODEL OF THE .MIGRATION OF ALBACORE IN THE NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN .By TAMIO OTSU and RICHARD N. UCHIDA of the migration of albacore in the North Pacific Ocean has been developed. This model is consistent with the hypothesis that there is a single population of albacore in the North Pacific Ocean. . The model depicts

44

A deeper respired carbon pool in the glacial equatorial Pacific Ocean L.I. Bradtmiller a,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A deeper respired carbon pool in the glacial equatorial Pacific Ocean L.I. Bradtmiller a, , R in paleoceanography. We present evidence from ten equatorial Pacific Ocean sediment cores to show that the deep Pacific Ocean likely stored more carbon during the last glacial period than the Holocene

Sachs, Julian P.

45

North Pacific Gyre Oscillation links ocean climate and ecosystem E. Di Lorenzo,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

North Pacific Gyre Oscillation links ocean climate and ecosystem change E. Di Lorenzo,1 N Pacific Gyre Oscillation links ocean climate and ecosystem change, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L08607, doi:10 to explain physical and biological fluctuations in the Northeast Pacific Ocean [Lynn et al., 1998; Lavaniegos

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

46

Quaternary Science Reviews 20 (2001) 15611576 Millennial scale climate variability of the northeast Pacific Ocean and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the northeast Pacific Ocean and northwest North America based on radiolaria and pollen N.G. Pisiasa, *, A in the Northeast Pacific and the northwestern United States. 2. Study region 2.1. Ocean climate and biota.C. Mixa , L. Heusserb a College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, 104 Ocean

Kurapov, Alexander

47

Tidal-Fluvial and Estuarine Processes in the Lower Columbia River: I. Along-channel Water Level Variations, Pacific Ocean to Bonneville Dam  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This two-part paper provides comprehensive time and frequency domain analyses and models of along-channel water level variations in the 234km-long Lower Columbia River and Estuary (LCRE) and documents the response of floodplain wetlands thereto. In Part I, power spectra, continuous wavelet transforms, and harmonic analyses are used to understand the influences of tides, river flow, upwelling and downwelling, and hydropower operations ("power-peaking") on the water level regime. Estuarine water levels are influenced primarily by astronomical tides and coastal processes, and secondarily by river flow. The importance of coastal and tidal influences decreases in the landward direction, and water levels are increasingly controlled by river flow variations at periods from ?1day to years. Water level records are only slightly non-stationary near the ocean, but become increasingly irregular upriver. Although astronomically forced tidal constituents decrease above the estuary, tidal fortnightly and overtide variations increase for 80-200km landward, both relative to major tidal constituents and in absolute terms.

Jay, D. A.; Leffler, K.; Diefenderfer, Heida L.; Borde, Amy B.

2014-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

48

137Cs(90Sr) and Pu isotopes in the Pacific Ocean sources & trends  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main source of artificial radioactivity in the world`s oceans can be attributed to worldwide fallout from atmospheric nuclear weapons testing. Measurements of selected artificial radionuclides in the Pacific Ocean were first conducted in the 1960`s where it was observed that fallout radioactivity had penetrated the deep ocean. Extensive studies carried out during the 1973-74 GEOSECS provided the first comprehensive data on the lateral and vertical distributions of {sup 9O}Sr, {sup 137}Cs and Pu isotopes in the Pacific on a basin wide scale. Estimates of radionuclide inventories in excess of amounts predicted to be delivered by global fallout alone were attributed to close-in fallout and tropospheric inputs from early U.S. tests conducted on Bikini and Enewetak Atolls in the Equatorial Pacific. In general, levels of fallout radionuclides (including {sup 9O}Sr, {sup 137}Cs and Pu isotopes) in the surface waters of the Pacific Ocean have decreased considerably over the past 4 decades and are now much more homogeneously distributed. Resuspension and the subsequent deposition of fallout radionuclides from previously deposited debris on land has become an important source term for the surface ocean. This can be clearly seen in measurements of fallout radionuclides in mineral aerosols over the Korean Peninsula (Yellow dust events). Radionuclides may also be transported from land to sea in river runoff-these transport mechanisms are more important in the Pacific Ocean where large quantities of river water and suspended sands/fluvial sediments reach the coastal zone. Another unique source of artificial radionuclides in the Pacific Ocean is derived from the slow resolubilization and transport of radionuclides deposited in contaminated lagoon and slope sediments near U.S. and French test sites. Although there is a small but significant flux of artificial radionuclides depositing on the sea floor, > 80% of the total 239, {sup 240}Pu inventory and > 95% of the total {sup 137}Cs inventory remains in the water column. Studies conducted through the 1980`s appear to be consistent with earlier findings and indicate that radionuclide inventories in mid-northern latitudes are at least a factor of two above those expected from global fallout alone. The long term persistence of close-in and/or stratospheric fallout from nuclear weapons testing in the Marshall Islands still appears to be the only plausible explanation for this anomaly.

Hamilton, T.F., Millies-Lacrox, J.C. [Service Mixte de Securite Radologique, Mondhery (France); Hong, G.H. [Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute, Ansan (Korea)

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Reduced Order Modeling of the Upper Tropical Pacific Ocean Model Using Proper Orthogonal Decomposition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reduced Order Modeling of the Upper Tropical Pacific Ocean Model Using Proper Orthogonal of a large-scale upper ocean circulation in the tropic Pacific domain. We construct different POD models-scale seasonal variability of the tropic Pacific obtained by the original model is well captured by a low

Aluffi, Paolo

50

Variation of the Thermohaline Structure in the Western Equatorial Pacific Upper Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Variation of the Thermohaline Structure in the Western Equatorial Pacific Upper Ocean;Abstract Processes which control the upper ocean thermohaline structure in the western equa- torial Pacific forcing data have indicated that the thick isothermal layer in the western equatorial Pacific is found

Luther, Douglas S.

51

Impacts of ocean acidification and mitigative hydrated lime addition on Pacific oyster larvae  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Impacts of ocean acidification and mitigative hydrated lime addition on Pacific oyster larvae, and for other species. Keywords: Ocean acidification; Pacific oyster; Larval stages; Hydrated lime; Shellfish No.: 577 Title of Project: Impacts of ocean acidification and mitigative hydrated lime addition

52

Dynamically and Observationally Constrained Estimates of Water-Mass Distributions and Ages in the Global Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

system at NCEP: The Pacific Ocean. Preprints, Eighth Symp.most of the Indian and Pacific Oceans, reaching a maximum ofin the Southern Ocean. In the Pacific Ocean, the overturning

DeVries, Tim; Primeau, Francois

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

THE EARLY LIFE HISTORY OF SKIPJACK TUNA, Katsuwonus pelamis, IN THE PACIFIC OCEAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE EARLY LIFE HISTORY OF SKIPJACK TUNA, Katsuwonus pelamis, IN THE PACIFIC OCEAN HOWARD O. YOSHIDA, Katsuwonus pelamis, were landed in the eastern Pacific (Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commis- sion, 1970

54

INTEGRITY OF SCHOOLS OF SKIPJACK TUNA, KATSUWONUS PELAMIS, IN THE EASTERN PACIFIC OCEAN,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTEGRITY OF SCHOOLS OF SKIPJACK TUNA, KATSUWONUS PELAMIS, IN THE EASTERN PACIFIC OCEAN Pacific yellowfin [(Thunnus albacares)] and the Pac.ific-wide skipjack [(KatS'Uwonus pelamis

55

Temporal variability of ? 14 C, δ 13 C, and C/N in sinking particulate organic matter at a deep time series station in the northeast Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the northeast Pacific Ocean, J. Geophys. Res. , 101,slope to the abyssal NE Pacific Ocean, Deep Sea Res. , Partof the northeastern Pacific Ocean, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta,

Hwang, Jeomshik; Druffel, Ellen R. M; Griffin, Sheila; Smith, Kenneth L; Baldwin, Roberta J; Bauer, James E

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 0, NO. 0, PAGES 0-0, M 0, 2001 On the Pacific Ocean regime shift  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 0, NO. 0, PAGES 0-0, M 0, 2001 On the Pacific Ocean regime shift variability of Pacific Ocean upper ocean heat content is examined for the 1948-1998 period using gridded-wide phenomenon affecting the thermal structure from 60 S to 70 N. EOF analysis of the Pacific Ocean heat content

57

Reconciling disparate 20th Century Indo-Pacific ocean temperature5 trends in the instrumental record6  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 2 3 4 Reconciling disparate 20th Century Indo-Pacific ocean temperature5 trends in the Indian Ocean and western Pacific Ocean are consistent across26 the 4 datasets, it is uncertain whether theories for the response of the tropical Pacific Ocean to an1 increase in greenhouse gases. Assuming

Newman, Matthew

58

JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1029/, An EddyResolving Ocean Model for the Pacific1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the Pacific1 Ocean: Part 1: Deep Convection and Its Relation to2 SST Anomalies3 A. B. Kara, E. J. Metzger, H­latitudes) HYbrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM),10 configured for the Pacific Ocean (north of 20 S) is used to satellite­based products over the Pacific22 Ocean. HYCOM simulation with no assimilation of any SST gives

Miami, University of

59

Radiocarbon in particulate matter from the eastern sub-arctic Pacific Ocean; evidence of a source of terrestrial carbon to the deep sea.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE EASTERN SUB-ARCTIC PACIFIC OCEAN: EVIDENCE OF A SOURCEfrom the deep Northeast Pacific Ocean. Due to the largeMap of the North Pacific Ocean (after Favorite, Dodimead &

Druffel, Ellen R M; Honju, Susumu; Griffin, Sheila; Wong, C S

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Pacific Equatorial Age Transect (PEAT): Summary As the largest ocean, the Pacific is intricately linked to major changes in the global  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pacific Equatorial Age Transect (PEAT): Summary As the largest ocean, the Pacific is intricately the Cenozoic the Pacific plate has had a northward component. Thus, the Pacific is unique, in that the thick to drill an age transect ("flow-line") following the position of the paleo- equator in the Pacific

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Shipboard Measurements and Estimations of AirSea Fluxes in the Western Tropical Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ship­board Measurements and Estimations of Air­Sea Fluxes in the Western Tropical Pacific Ocean E dur­ ing the Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere (TOGA) Coupled Ocean and Atmospheric Response of the surface­layer turbulence properties are compared with those from previous land and ocean results. Momentum

California at Irvine, University of

62

Taxonomy and distribution of sea anemones (Cnidaria: Actiniaria and Corallimorpharia) from deep water of the northeastern Pacific  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sea anemones sensu lato (members of cnidarian orders Actiniaria and Corallimorpharia) occurring in water of the northeastern Pacific Ocean greater than 1,000 m (to the abyssal plain) are poorly known. Based on the literature and specimens we...

Eash-Loucks, Wendy E.; Fautin, Daphne G.

2012-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

63

Lost at Sea: Hurricane Force Wind Fields and the North Pacific Ocean Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

occur where physical factors such as extreme wind fields and strong currents cause waves to mergeLost at Sea: Hurricane Force Wind Fields and the North Pacific Ocean Environment 1 Unidata Policy Lost at Sea: Hurricane Force Wind Fields and the North Pacific Ocean Environment 2 Hurricane Force (HF

64

The Continental Margin is a Key Source of Iron to the HNLC North Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Continental Margin is a Key Source of Iron to the HNLC North Pacific Ocean Phoebe J. Lam1 concentrations in the upper 500m of the Western Subarctic Pacific, an iron-limited High Nutrient Low Chlorophyll a key source of bioavailable Fe to the HNLC North Pacific. Keywords: iron, continental margin, HNLC 1

65

Internal variability of the tropical Pacific ocean Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Internal variability of the tropical Pacific ocean M. Jochum Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary model of the tropical Pacific ocean is analyzed to quantify the interannual variability caused by internal variability of ocean dynamics. It is found that along the Pacific cold tongue internal variability

Jochum, Markus

66

Proper orthogonal decomposition approach and error estimation of mixed finite element methods for the tropical Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the tropical Pacific Ocean reduced gravity model Zhendong Luo a , Jiang Zhu b , Ruiwen Wang b , I.M. Navon c Available online 8 May 2007 Abstract In this paper, the tropical Pacific Ocean reduced gravity model and the insufficient knowledge of air­sea exchange processes. The tropical Pacific Ocean reduced gravity model

Navon, Michael

67

Subarctic Pacific evidence for a glacial deepening of the oceanic respired carbon pool S.L. Jaccard a,d,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Subarctic Pacific evidence for a glacial deepening of the oceanic respired carbon pool S.L. Jaccard of the overturning circulation. Volumetrically the Pacific Ocean dominates the world ocean (it is three times larger of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, USA c Department of Geosciences, Princeton

Gilli, Adrian

68

Population structure of Manta birostris (Chondrichthyes:Mobulidae) from the Pacific and Atlantic oceans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sequence variation was examined in the circumtropical and highly vagile manta ray, Manta birostris, from the western and eastern Pacific oceans and the Gulf of Mexico to investigate the systematics and population structure of Manta. The entire...

Clark, Timothy Brian

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Passive microwave observations of mesoscale convective systems over the tropical Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents high resolution passive microwave measurements obtained in the western Pacific warm pool region. These measurements represent the first comprehensive observations of convection over the tropical oceans, and were obtained from...

McGaughey, Gary Rae

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Relationships between El Nino and the westerly winds in the South Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN EL NINO AND THE WESTERLY WINDS IN THE SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN A Thesis by ANTONIO JAIME SALVA PANDO Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1976 Major Subject: Oceanography RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN EL NINO AND THE WESTERLY WINDS IN THE SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN A Thesis by ANTONIO JAIME SALVA PANDO Approved as to style and content by: (Ch rman of Committee (Head of D...

Salva Pando, Antonio Jaime

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

OligoceneMiocene tectonic evolution of the South Fiji Basin and Northland Plateau, SW Pacific Ocean: Evidence from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

investigated parts of the southwest Pacific Ocean. It is a region of remnant volcanic arcs, plateaus and basins of the study area in the SW Pacific Ocean, showing geographic names and dredge locations from ChurkinOligocene­Miocene tectonic evolution of the South Fiji Basin and Northland Plateau, SW Pacific

Demouchy, Sylvie

72

Relating spatial and temporal scales of climate and ocean variability to survival of Pacific Northwest Chinook salmon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Relating spatial and temporal scales of climate and ocean variability to survival of Pacific Oregon St, Suite 200, Portland, OR 97232, U.S.A. 2 Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Pacific Biological of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-5020, U.S.A. ABSTRACT Pacific Northwest Chinook, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, have

73

Interconnection of nitrogen fixers and iron in the Pacific Ocean: Theory and numerical simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interconnection of nitrogen fixers and iron in the Pacific Ocean: Theory and numerical simulations, F. Monteiro, and M. J. Follows (2012), Interconnection of nitrogen fixers and iron in the Pacific interconnected. Microbial community structure is shaped by the variable physical, chemical and predatory

74

Modal analysis of the range evolution of broadband wavefields in the North Pacific Ocean: Low mode numbers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modal analysis of the range evolution of broadband wavefields in the North Pacific Ocean: Low mode North Pacific Ocean are reported here. Transient wavefields in the 50­90 Hz band that were recorded numbers Ilya A. Udovydchenkova) Applied Ocean Physics and Engineering Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic

Frandsen, Jannette B.

75

Impact of Tropical Cyclones on the Heat Budget of the South Pacific Ocean S. JULLIEN,* C. E. MENKES,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Impact of Tropical Cyclones on the Heat Budget of the South Pacific Ocean S. JULLIEN,* C. E. MENKES cyclones (TCs) in the South Pacific convergence zone through a complete ocean heat budget. The TC impact, in final form 4 May 2012) ABSTRACT The present study investigates the integrated ocean response to tropical

76

David Welch is the president of Kintama Research Services Ltd., and chief architect of the Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. During the next decade he was responsible for studying the ocean biology of Pacific salmon, and providedDavid Welch is the president of Kintama Research Services Ltd., and chief architect of the Pacific Ocean Shelf Tracking project (POST), which has formed the basis for the global Ocean Tracking Network

Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

77

Intermediate-depth Circulation of the Indian and South Pacific Oceans Measured by Autonomous Floats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intermediate-depth Circulation of the Indian and South Pacific Oceans Measured by Autonomous Floats of the World Ocean Circulation Experiment, 306 autonomous floats were deployed in the tropical and South autonomous floats that are not acoustically tracked, but rather surface at regular intervals to be located by

Davis, Russ

78

Interpretation of tropical thermocline cooling in the Indian and Pacific oceans during recent decades  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, but also could benefit fish industry because changes in vertical structure of oceanic temperature can have substan- tial effects on marine ecosystems and fisheries (e.g., a review paper by Brill [1994]). 2. DataInterpretation of tropical thermocline cooling in the Indian and Pacific oceans during recent

Han, Weiqing

79

Seasonal and interannual variability of ocean color and composition of phytoplankton communities in the North Atlantic, Equatorial Pacific and South Pacific.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seasonal and interannual variability of ocean color and composition of phytoplankton communities in the North Atlantic, Equatorial Pacific and South Pacific. By : Yves Dandonneaua , Pierre-Yves Deschampsb ­ Picoplankton ­ Seasonal variations ­ Variability ­ Oceanic provinces ) Contact : Yves DANDONNEAU LODYC

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

80

Biophysical responses near equatorial islands in the Western Pacific Ocean during El Nio/La Nia transitions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biophysical responses near equatorial islands in the Western Pacific Ocean during El Niño/La Niña 2013. [1] The biological response in the western equatorial Pacific Ocean during El Niño/La Niña responses near equatorial islands in the Western Pacific Ocean during El Niño/La Niña transitions, Geophys

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

ENSO regimes and the late 1970's climate shift: The role of synoptic weather and South Pacific ocean spiciness  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

South Pacific subtropical density compensated temperature and salinity (spiciness) anomalies are known to be associated with decadal equatorial variability, however, the mechanisms by which such disturbances are generated, advect and the degree to which they modulate the equatorial thermocline remains controversial. During the late 1970's a climate regime transition preceded a period of strong and sustained El Nino events. Using an ocean general circulation model forced by the constituent mechanical and thermodynamic components of the reanalysed atmosphere we show that the late 1970's transition coincided with the arrival of a large-scale, subsurface cold and fresh water anomaly in the central tropical Pacific. An ocean reanalysis for the period 19902007 that assimilates subsurface Argo, XBT and CTD data, reveals that disturbances occur due to the subduction of negative surface salinity anomalies from near 30 S, 100 W which are advected along the ?=2526 kgm{sup ?3} isopycnal surfaces. These anomalies take, on average, seven years to reach the central equatorial Pacific where they may substantially perturb the thermocline before the remnants ultimately ventilate in the region of the western Pacific warm pool. Positive (warmsalty) disturbances, known to occur due to late winter diapycnal mixing and isopycnal outcropping, arise due to both subduction of subtropical mode waters and subsurface injection. On reaching the equatorial band (10 S0 S) these disturbances tend to deepen the thermocline reducing the model's ENSO. In contrast the emergence of negative (coldfresh) disturbances at the equator are associated with a shoaling of the thermocline and El Nino events. Process studies are used to show that the generation and advection of anomalous density compensated thermocline disturbances critically depend on stochastic forcing of the intrinsic ocean by weather. We further show that in the absence of the inter-annual component of the atmosphere forcing Central Pacific El Nino events are manifest.

O'Kane, Terence J.; Matear, Richard J.; Chamberlain, Matthew A.; Oke, Peter R.

2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

82

A study of lightning activity over the warm pool western Pacific Ocean (TOGA-COARE region) for 1993  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The warm pool western Pacific Ocean is an area of the equatorial tropics characterized by strong and frequent convection, and vigorous lightning activity. However, it has been noted by various researchers that the vast oceanic expanses experience...

Rios, Luis Alberto

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

The Subcommittee on Water, Power, and Oceans House Committee...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

The Subcommittee on Water, Power, and Oceans House Committee on Natural Resources The Subcommittee on Water, Power, and Oceans House Committee on Natural Resources Testimony of...

84

Before the Subcommittee on Water, Power, and Oceans - House Natural...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Water, Power, and Oceans - House Natural Resources Committee Before the Subcommittee on Water, Power, and Oceans - House Natural Resources Committee Testimony of Kenneth E. Legg,...

85

Variability of the Indo-Pacific Ocean exchanges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ECCOGODAE global estimate of the ocean circulation 19922007 is analyzed in the region of the Indonesian Throughflow (ITF), including the Southern Ocean flow south of Australia. General characteristics are an intense ...

Wunsch, Carl

86

Ocean dynamics and thermodynamics in the tropical Indo- Pacific region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The shortwave radiation entering the ocean mixed layer wasocean mixed layer in various ways: convective cells block the incoming solar radiationradiation (71%) that result from anomalous MJO convection. An exception is in the central Indian Ocean and

Drushka, Kyla

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

232 IEEE JOURNAL OF OCEANIC ENGINEERING, VOL. 30, NO. 1, JANUARY 2005 North East Pacific Time-Integrated Undersea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

232 IEEE JOURNAL OF OCEANIC ENGINEERING, VOL. 30, NO. 1, JANUARY 2005 North East Pacific TimeGinnis, and Phil Lancaster Abstract--The objective of the North East Pacific Time-In- tegrated Undersea Networked elec- tronics, transient analysis, underwater cables. I. INTRODUCTION THE vast oceans of the world have

Frandsen, Jannette B.

88

Impacts of Pacific and Indian Ocean Coupling on Wintertime Tropical Intraseasonal Oscillation: A Basin-Coupling CGCM Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cloud-radiation-SST feedback. In the Indian Ocean, the ISOocean coupling affects the ISO propagation mainly through a wind-evaporation-SST feedback rather than a cloud-radiation-radiation (SWR; contour) composited from (a) the observations, (b) the Indo-Pacific (IP) Run, (c) the Pacific Ocean (

Weng, Shu-Ping; Yu, Jin-Yi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Liquid Water Oceans in Ice Giants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aptly named, ice giants such as Uranus and Neptune contain significant amounts of water. While this water cannot be present near the cloud tops, it must be abundant in the deep interior. We investigate the likelihood of a liquid water ocean existing in the hydrogen-rich region between the cloud tops and deep interior. Starting from an assumed temperature at a given upper tropospheric pressure (the photosphere), we follow a moist adiabat downward. The mixing ratio of water to hydrogen in the gas phase is small in the photosphere and increases with depth. The mixing ratio in the condensed phase is near unity in the photosphere and decreases with depth; this gives two possible outcomes. If at some pressure level the mixing ratio of water in the gas phase is equal to that in the deep interior, then that level is the cloud base. Alternately, if the mixing ratio of water in the condensed phase reaches that in the deep interior, then the surface of a liquid ocean will occur. We find that Neptune is both too warm (photospheric temperature too high) and too dry (mixing ratio of water in the deep interior too low) for liquid oceans to exist at present. To have a liquid ocean, Neptune's deep interior water to gas ratio would have to be higher than current models allow, and the density at 19 kbar would have to be ~ 0.8 g/cm^3. Such a high density is inconsistent with gravitational data obtained during the Voyager flyby. As Neptune cools, the probability of a liquid ocean increases. Extrasolar "hot Neptunes," which presumably migrate inward toward their parent stars, cannot harbor liquid water oceans unless they have lost almost all of the hydrogen and helium from their deep interiors.

Sloane J. Wiktorowicz; Andrew P. Ingersoll

2006-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

90

PACIFICA (PACIFic ocean Interior CArbon) Database: A Data Synthesis Resource (NDP-92, ORNL/CDIAC-159)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

PACIFICA (PACIFic ocean Interior CArbon) was an international collaborative project for synthesis of data on ocean interior carbon and its related parameters in the Pacific Ocean. The North Pacific Marine Science Organization (PICES), Section on Carbon and Climate (S-CC) supported the project. Hydrographic/hydrochemical datasets have been merged from a total of 272 cruises, including those from cruises conducted between the late 1980s and 2000 but not included in GLODAP, as well as CLIVAR/CO2 Repeat Hydrography datasets from the 2000s. Adjustments were calculated to account for analytical offsets in dissolved inorganic carbon, total alkalinity, salinity, oxygen, and nutrients (nitrate and nitrite, phosphate, and silicic acid) for each cruise as a result of the secondary quality control procedure, based on crossover analysis using data from deep layers (Tanhua et al., 2010). A total of 59 adjusted datasets from Line P off the west coast of Canada were also merged. Finally, the authors have produced the adjusted PACIFICA database that consists of datasets from a total of 306 cruises that also includes 34 datasets from WOCE Hydrographic Program cruises in the Pacific Ocean conducted in the 1990s. The PACIFICA database is available free of charge as a numeric data package (NDP-92) from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) and the primary PACIFICA data site at pacifica.pices.jp. The NDP consists of the original cruise data files, adjusted data product, and the documentation.

Suzuki, T.; Ishii, M.; Aoyama, M. R; Christian, J. R.; Enyo, K.; Kawano, T.; Key, R. M.; Kosugi, N.; Kozyr, A.; Miller, L. A.; Murata, A.; Nakano, T.; Ono, T.; Saino, T.; Sasaki, K.; Sasano, D; Takatani, Y.; Wakita, M.; Sabine, C.

91

AEROSOL DIRECT RADIATIVE EFFECTS OVER THE NORTHWEST ATLANTIC, NORTHWEST PACIFIC, AND NORTH INDIAN OCEANS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AEROSOL DIRECT RADIATIVE EFFECTS OVER THE NORTHWEST ATLANTIC, NORTHWEST PACIFIC, AND NORTH INDIAN OCEANS: ESTIMATES BASED ON IN-SITU CHEMICAL AND OPTICAL MEASUREMENTS AND CHEMICAL TRANSPORT MODELING, for United States Government purposes. #12;AEROSOL DIRECT RADIATIVE EFFECTS OVER THE NORTHWEST ATLANTIC

92

The relative importance of tropical variability forced from the North Pacific through ocean pathways  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

forced through the atmosphere? To address this question, in this study we use an anomaly-coupled model), and with coupling con- fined to the Tropics and wind stress and heat fluxes in the North Pacific specified by output impact the tropics through ocean pathways. These two signals are forced by wind stress and surface heat

Solomon, Amy

93

A Hybrid Atmosphere-Ocean Coupling Approach on the Simulation of Tropical Asian-Pacific Climate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Hybrid Atmosphere-Ocean Coupling Approach on the Simulation of Tropical Asian-Pacific Climate at Manoa, 1680 East West Road, POST Bldg. 4th Floor, Honolulu, HI 96822 #12;ABSTRACT A unique Hybrid spring (in late fall). The encouraging results from this hybrid coupled model indicate

Fu, Joshua Xiouhua

94

Oceanic Control of Northeast Pacific Hurricane Activity at Interannual Timescales  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Despite the strong dependence of the Power Dissipation Index (PDI), which is a measure of the intensity of Tropical Cyclone (TC) activity, on tropical sea-surface temperatures (SSTs), the variations in PDI are not completely explained by SST. Here we show, using an analysis of a string of observational data sets, that the variability of the thermocline depth (TD) in the east Pacific exerts a significant degree of control on the variability of PDI in that region. On average, a deep thermocline with a larger reservoir of heat favors TC intensification by reducing SST cooling while a shallow thermocline with a smaller heat reservoir promotes enhanced SST cooling that contributes to TC decay. At interannual time scales, the variability of basin-mean TD accounts for nearly 30% of the variability in the PDI during the TC season. Also, about 20% of the interannual variability in the east Pacific basin-mean TD is due to the El Nio and the Southern Oscillation (ENSO), a dominant climate signal in this region. This study suggests that a better understanding of the factors governing the interannual variability of the TD conditions in the east Pacific and how they may change over time, may lead to an improved projection of future east Pacific TC activity.

Balaguru, Karthik; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Yoon, Jin-Ho

2013-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

95

How ocean color can steer Pacific tropical cyclones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Because ocean color alters the absorption of sunlight, it can produce changes in sea surface temperatures with further impacts on atmospheric circulation. These changes can project onto fields previously recognized to alter ...

Gnanadesikan, Anand

96

Mid-Cretaceous Palynoflora from Central Mid-Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Albian (late Early Cretaceous) pollen and spores were used to reconstruct the floral history of Allison Guyot in the Albian period, to better understand pollen and spore distributions on mid-oceanic islands, to investigate whether Allison Guyot...

Hsiung, Shih-Yi

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

97

Task 3: PNNL Visit by JAEA Researchers to Participate in TODAM Code Applications to Fukushima Rivers and to Evaluate the Feasibility of Adaptation of FLESCOT Code to Simulate Radionuclide Transport in the Pacific Ocean Coastal Water Around Fukushima  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Four JAEA researchers visited PNNL for two weeks in February, 2013 to learn the PNNL-developed, unsteady, one-dimensional, river model, TODAM and the PNNL-developed, time-dependent, three dimensional, coastal water model, FLESCOT. These codes predict sediment and contaminant concentrations by accounting sediment-radionuclide interactions, e.g., adsorption/desorption and transport-deposition-resuspension of sediment-sorbed radionuclides. The objective of the river and coastal water modeling is to simulate 134Cs and 137Cs migration in Fukushima rivers and the coastal water, and their accumulation in the river and ocean bed along the Fukushima coast. Forecasting the future cesium behavior in the river and coastal water under various scenarios would enable JAEA to assess the effectiveness of various on-land remediation activities and if required, possible river and coastal water clean-up operations to reduce the contamination of the river and coastal water, agricultural products, fish and other aquatic biota. PNNL presented the following during the JAEA visit to PNNL: TODAM and FLESCOTs theories and mathematical formulations TODAM and FLESCOT model structures Past TODAM and FLESCOT applications Demonstrating these two codes' capabilities by applying them to simple hypothetical river and coastal water cases. Initial application of TODAM to the Ukedo River in Fukushima and JAEA researchers' participation in its modeling. PNNL also presented the relevant topics relevant to Fukushima environmental assessment and remediation, including PNNL molecular modeling and EMSL computer facilities Cesium adsorption/desorption characteristics Experiences of connecting molecular science research results to macro model applications to the environment EMSL tour Hanford Site road tour. PNNL and JAEA also developed future course of actions for joint research projects on the Fukushima environmental and remediation assessments.

Onishi, Yasuo

2013-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

98

Penetration of solar radiation in the upper ocean: A numerical model for oceanic and coastal waters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Penetration of solar radiation in the upper ocean: A numerical model for oceanic and coastal waters in the upper ocean, the vertical distribution of solar radiation (ESR) in the shortwave domain plays (2005), Penetration of solar radiation in the upper ocean: A numerical model for oceanic and coastal

Lee, Zhongping

99

North Pacific Mesoscale Coupled Air-Ocean Simulations Compared with Observations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Executive summary The main objective of the study was to investigate atmospheric and ocean interaction processes in the western Pacific and, in particular, effects of significant ocean heat loss in the Kuroshio and Kuroshio Extension regions on the lower and upper atmosphere. It is yet to be determined how significant are these processes are on climate scales. The understanding of these processes led us also to development of the methodology of coupling the Weather and Research Forecasting model with the Parallel Ocean Program model for western Pacific regional weather and climate simulations. We tested NCAR-developed research software Coupler 7 for coupling of the WRF and POP models and assessed its usability for regional-scale applications. We completed test simulations using the Coupler 7 framework, but implemented a standard WRF model code with options for both one- and two-way mode coupling. This type of coupling will allow us to seamlessly incorporate new WRF updates and versions in the future. We also performed a long-term WRF simulation (15 years) covering the entire North Pacific as well as high-resolution simulations of a case study which included extreme ocean heat losses in the Kuroshio and Kuroshio Extension regions. Since the extreme ocean heat loss occurs during winter cold air outbreaks (CAO), we simulated and analyzed a case study of a severe CAO event in January 2000 in detail. We found that the ocean heat loss induced by CAOs is amplified by additional advection from mesocyclones forming on the southern part of the Japan Sea. Large scale synoptic patterns with anomalously strong anticyclone over Siberia and Mongolia, deep Aleutian Low, and the Pacific subtropical ridge are a crucial setup for the CAO. It was found that the onset of the CAO is related to the breaking of atmospheric Rossby waves and vertical transport of vorticity that facilitates meridional advection. The study also indicates that intrinsic parameterization of the surface fluxes within the WRF model needs more evaluation and analysis.

Koracin, Darko; Cerovecki, Ivana; Vellore, Ramesh; Mejia, John; Hatchett, Benjamin; McCord, Travis; McLean, Julie; Dorman, Clive

2013-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

100

METHANE SOURCES AND SINKS IN UPPER OCEAN WATERS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

METHANE SOURCES AND SINKS IN UPPER OCEAN WATERS A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO THE GRADUATE DIVISION the distribution of dissolved methane in ocean surface waters were investigated. Water column and sediment trap and Antarctic waters to the oliogotrophic ocean off Hawaii. The methane concentrations in most of the surface

Luther, Douglas S.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

The WOCE-era 3-D Pacific Ocean circulation and heat budget A.M. Macdonald a,*, S. Mecking b  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The WOCE-era 3-D Pacific Ocean circulation and heat budget A.M. Macdonald a,*, S. Mecking b , P was that of Ganachaud (1999), which refined several prior global analyses (Macdonald, 1998; Macdonald and Wunsch, 1996

Talley, Lynne D.

102

Computing dynamic height from temperature profiles north of 30N in the Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COMPUTING DYNAMIC HEIGHT FROM TEMPERATURE PROFILES NORTH OP 30"N IN THE PACIFIC OCEAN A Thesis by ANTHONY O' BRIEN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fullfillment of the requirement for the degree of 1f...ASTER OF SCIENCF. May 1978 Major Subject: Oceanography COMPUTING DYNA11IC HEIGHT FROM TE1IPERATURE PROFILES NORTH OF 30 N IN THE PACI1'IC OCEAN A thesis by ANTHONY O' BRIEN Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Com ittee) (Head of Depar nt...

O'Brien, Anthony

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Global Climate network evolves with North Atlantic Oscillation phases: Coupling to Southern Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct a network from climate records of atmospheric temperature at surface level, at different geographical sites in the globe, using reanalysis data from years 1948-2010. We find that the network correlates with the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), both locally in the north Atlantic, and through coupling to the southern Pacific Ocean. The existence of tele-connection links between those areas and their stability over time allows us to suggest a possible physical explanation for this phenomenon.

Guez, Oded; Berezin, Yehiel; Wang, Yang; Havlin, Shlomo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Week 4, Rain in my Brain On top of the Harbor Cone, Otago Peninsula, Pacific Ocean in the distance.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Week 4, Rain in my Brain On top of the Harbor Cone, Otago Peninsula, Pacific Ocean in the distance of the ocean or of this beautiful city from on-high and it all comes back that we're here, a dream come true

Bardsley, John

105

DECEMBER 1999 3073J O H N S O N A N D M C P H A D E N Interior Pycnocline Flow from the Subtropical to the Equatorial Pacific Ocean*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the Equatorial Pacific Ocean* GREGORY C. JOHNSON AND MICHAEL J. MCPHADEN NOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental and Southern Hemispheres of the Pacific Ocean. In the North Pacific the pycnocline shoals and strengthens dra in the pycnocline of the central North Pacific. This study delineates this pathway and estimates an upper bound

Johnson, Gregory C.

106

Western Pacific Regional Summary Western Pacific  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) of the Pacific-wide (western-central and eastern Pacific Ocean) total of Pacific bigeye tuna landings reported Fisheries Commission (WCPFC) is active in the western and central Pacific Ocean and the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission (IATTC) is active in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Species under the purview

107

Petrophysical properties of the root zone of sheeted dikes in the ocean crust: A case study from Hole ODP/IODP 1256D, Eastern Equatorial Pacific  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Program) Site 1256 is located on the Cocos Plate in the Eastern Equatorial Pacific Ocean, in a 15 Ma oldPetrophysical properties of the root zone of sheeted dikes in the ocean crust: A case study from Hole ODP/IODP 1256D, Eastern Equatorial Pacific Marie Violay , Philippe A. Pezard, Benoît Ildefonse

Demouchy, Sylvie

108

Using Satellite Ocean Color Data to Derive an Empirical Model for the Penetration Depth of Solar Radiation (Hp) in the Tropical Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the climate through the penetration depth of solar radiation in the upper ocean (Hp), a primary parameter on penetrative solar radiation in the tropical Pacific, demonstrating the dynamical implication of remotely in which incident solar radiation is absorbed in the mixed layer and the verti- cal penetration down

Chen, .Dake

109

INTERNATIONAL PACIFIC RESEARCH CENTER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTERNATIONAL PACIFIC RESEARCH CENTER APRIL 2004­MARCH 2005 REPORT SCHOOL OF OCEAN AND EARTH RESEARCH HIGHLIGHTS Indo-Pacific Ocean Climate Pacific Research Center Design by: Susan Yamamoto Printed by: Hagadone Printing Company Photo: Waikiki

Wang, Yuqing

110

Western Pacific Regional Summary Western Pacific  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-central and eastern Pacific Ocean) total of Pacific bigeye tuna landings reported in 2007. Currently (WCPFC) is active in the western and central Pacific Ocean and the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission (IATTC) is active in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Species under the purview of the WCPFC and IATTC

111

Western Pacific Regional Summary Western Pacific  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pacific Ocean) total of Pacific bigeye tuna landings reported in 2007. Currently, there are no catch share in the western and central Pacific Ocean and the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission (IATTC) is active in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Species under the purview of the WCPFC and IATTC migrate across international

112

INTERNATIONAL PACIFIC RESEARCH CENTER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTERNATIONAL PACIFIC RESEARCH CENTER APRIL 2005­MARCH 2006 REPORT SCHOOL OF OCEAN AND EARTH Center 1 The Year's Highlights 3 Indo-Pacific Ocean Climate 4 Regional-Ocean Influences 10 Asian Ocean Climate: To understand climate variations in the Pacific and Indian oceans on interannual

Wang, Yuqing

113

INTERNATIONAL PACIFIC RESEARCH CENTER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTERNATIONAL PACIFIC RESEARCH CENTER Annual Report April 2006 March 2007 School of Ocean Research Center 1 2 The Year's Highlights 3 Research Accomplishments Indo-Pacific Ocean Climate 4 Regional-Ocean Ocean Climate: To understand climate variations in the Pacific and Indian oceans on inter- annual

Wang, Yuqing

114

Late Cretaceous through Paleogene Reconstruction of Pacific Deep-Water Circulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A growing body of Nd isotope data derived from fish debris and Fe-Mn crusts suggests that the Pacific was characterized by deep-water mass formation in both the North and South Pacific during the Early Paleogene. However, the South Pacific source...

Schubert, Jessica

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

115

Variation of surface currents and effects on dispersion in the Tropical Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Tabata, 197 5) North Ecuatorial Countercurrent The North Ecuatorial Countercurrent flows eastward against the wind between 4'N laf. and 10'N lat. across the entire Pacific transporting warm water from west to east. The flow is in approximate... at which data was taken. A solution. is to use the variance of the ship drifts in con- junction with a correlation coefficient from another source. As an example R(t) from a driftez released in the Northern Equatorial Countercurrent with a track between...

Horne, Doyle Jackson

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

International Pacific Research Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Pacific Research Center APRIL 2007­MARCH 2008 REPORT School of Ocean and Earth Center i Foreword ii iv Indo-Pacific Ocean Climate 1 Regional-Ocean Influences 13 Asian by the following broad research themes and goals of the IPRC Science Plan. Indo-Pacific Ocean Climate

Wang, Yuqing

117

Perspectives on Temperature in the Pacific Northwest's Fresh Waters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides a perspective on environmental water temperatures in the Pacific Northwest as they relate to the establishment of water temperature standards by the state and their review by the US Environmental Protection Agency. It is a companion to other detailed reviews of the literature on thermal effects on organisms important to the region. Many factors, both natural and anthropogenic, affect water temperatures in the region. Different environmental zones have characteristic temperatures and mechanisms that affect them. There are specific biotic adaptations to environmental temperatures. Life-cycle strategies of salmonids, in particular, are attuned to annual temperature patterns. Physiological and behavioral requirements on key species form the basis of present water temperature criteria, but may need to be augmented with more concern for environmental settings. There are many issues in the setting of standards, and these are discussed. There are also issues in compliance. Alternative temperature-regulating mechanisms are discussed, as are examples of actions to control water temperatures in the environment. Standards-setting is a social process for which this report should provide background and outline options, alternatives, limitations, and other points for discussion by those in the region.

Coutant, C.C.

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

8 References Agee, J.K. 1993. Fire ecology of Pacific Northwest forests. Island Press, Washington, D.C.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. www.nwcouncil.org. Atzet, T., and D.L.Wheeler. 1984. Preliminary plant associations of the Siskiyou mykiss) in offshore waters of the North American Pacific Ocean. International North Pacific Fisheries

119

North Pacific carbon cycle response to climate variability on seasonal to decadal timescales  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the eastern subarctic Pacific (ocean weather station Papa),in the subarctic North Pacific Ocean, Global Biogeochem.of the tropical Pacific Ocean: I. Seasonal and interannual

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Physical Mechanisms for the Maintenance of GCM-Simulated Madden-Julian Oscillation over the Indian Ocean and Pacific  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The kinetic energy budget is conducted to analyze the physical processes responsible for the improved Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) simulated by the Iowa State University general circulation models (ISUGCM). The modified deep convection scheme that includes the revised convection closure, convection trigger condition and convective momentum transport (CMT) enhances the equatorial (10oS-10oN) MJO-related perturbation kinetic energy (PKE) in the upper troposphere and leads to more robust and coherent eastward propagating MJO signal. In the MJO source region-the Indian Ocean (45oE-120oE), the upper-tropospheric MJO PKE is maintained by the vertical convergence of wave energy flux and the barotropic conversion through the horizontal shear of mean flow. In the convectively active region-the western Pacific (120oE-180o), the upper-tropospheric MJO PKE is supported by the convergence of horizontal and vertical wave energy fluxes. Over the central-eastern Pacific (180o-120oW), where convection is suppressed, the upper-tropospheric MJO PKE is mainly due to the horizontal convergence of wave energy flux. The deep convection trigger condition produces stronger convective heating which enhances the perturbation available potential energy (PAPE) production and the upward wave energy fluxes, and leads to the increased MJO PKE over the Indian Ocean and western Pacific. The trigger condition also enhances the MJO PKE over the central-eastern Pacific through the increased convergence of meridional wave energy flux from the subtropical latitudes of both hemispheres. The revised convection closure affects the response of mean zonal wind shear to the convective heating over the Indian Ocean and leads to the enhanced upper-tropospheric MJO PKE through the barotropic conversion. The stronger eastward wave energy flux due to the increase of convective heating over the Indian Ocean and western Pacific by the revised closure is favorable to the eastward propagation of MJO and the convergence of horizontal wave energy flux over the central-eastern Pacific. The convection-induced momentum tendency tends to decelerate the upper-tropospheric wind which results in a negative work to the PKE budget in the upper troposphere. However, the convection momentum tendency accelerates the westerly wind below 800 hPa over the western Pacific, which is partially responsible for the improved MJO simulation.

Deng, Liping; Wu, Xiaoqing

2011-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Biomarkers, PCBs, DDT, DDE, and plastic pollution in albatross of the north Pacific Ocean  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The impacts of pollution in a remote area of the Pacific Ocean on seabirds were assessed. The amount and effects of accidentally ingested plastic on survival of Laysan albatross chicks were determined. Concentrations of synthetic organochlorine compounds and biomarkers of exposure to several classes of those compounds were measured in plasma of adults and chicks of both Laysan and Black-footed albatross of Sand Island, Midway Atoll. Concentrations of PCBs, DDT, DDE, and other chlorinated insecticides were measured in plasma and egg. Average, total PCB concentrations in the plasma of ten adult Laysan and five Black-footed albatross were 39 and 115 ng/g, respectively; DDE concentrations were 10.8 and 37.2 ng/mg respectively. Total pooled concentrations of PCBs in egg yolk of Laysan or Black-footed albatross were 1.06 or 3.84 {micro}g/g, respectively; DDE concentrations were 321.5 or 1,836.6 ng/g, respectively. Data will be presented on differences between chicks and adults, between species, and among sampling times throughout the nesting season. Serum retinol, T3 and T4 concentrations were quantified and correlated to concentrations of total PCBs, DDT, DDE, and other insecticides in the blood.

Auman, H.J.; Giesy, J.P.; Ludwig, J.P.; Summer, C.L.; Verbrugge, D.A.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

122

Strengthening of the Pacific Equatorial Undercurrent in the SODA Reanalysis: Mechanisms, Ocean Dynamics, and Implications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Several recent studies utilizing global climate models predict that the Pacific Equatorial Undercurrent (EUC) will strengthen over the twenty-first century. Here, historical changes in the tropical Pacific are investigated ...

Karnauskas, Kristopher B.

123

MEASUREMENTS OF PAST 14C LEVELS AND 13C/12C RATIOS IN THE SURFACE WATERS OF THE WORLD'S SUBPOLAR OCEANS.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under this project we have developed methods that allow the reconstruction of past {sup 14}C levels of the surface waters of the subpolar North Pacific Ocean by measuring the {sup 14}C contents of archived salmon scales. The overall goal of this research was to reduce of the uncertainty in the uptake of fossil CO{sub 2} by the oceans and thereby improve the quantification of the global carbon cycle and to elucidate the fate of anthropogenic CO{sub 2}. Ocean General Circulation Models (OGCMs), with their three dimensional global spatial coverage and temporal modeling capabilities, provide the best route to accurately calculating the total uptake of CO{sub 2} by the oceans and, hence, to achieving the desired reduction in uncertainty. {sup 14}C has played, and continues to play, a central role in the validation of the OGCMs calculations, particularly with respect to those model components which govern the uptake of CO{sub 2} from the atmosphere and the transport of this carbon within the oceans. Under this project, we have developed time-series records of the {sup 14}C levels of the surface waters of three areas of the subpolar North Pacific Ocean. As the previously available data on the time-history of oceanic surface water {sup 14}C levels are very limited, these time-series records provide significant new {sup 14}C data to constrain and validate the OGCMs.

Brown, T A

2010-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

124

Regional Summary Western Pacific Management Context  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.5 million pounds) of the Pacific-wide (western-central and eastern Pacific Ocean) total of Pacific bigeye Ocean and the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission (IATTC) is active in the eastern Pacific Ocean coordinated management between countries with fishing interests in the Pacific Ocean. The annual bigeye tuna

125

A spatial deconvolution of molecular signals in oceanic dissolved organic matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

subtropical North Pacific Ocean. Limnol. Oceanogr. 47: 1595-the subtropical North Pacific Ocean. Nature 388: Karl, D. ,subtropical North Pacific Ocean. Nature 388: Kirshenbaum, I;

Meador, Travis Blake

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

A Spatial Deconvolution of Molecular Signals in Oceanic Dissolved Organic Matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

subtropical North Pacific Ocean. Limnol. Oceanogr. 47: 1595-the subtropical North Pacific Ocean. Nature 388: Karl, D. ,central equatorial Pacific Ocean, 1992: Daily and finescale

Meador, Travis B

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

The Golden Gate Textile Barrier: Preserving California Bay of San Francisco from a Rising North Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate change in California may require construction of a barrier separating the Pacific Ocean from San Francisco Bay and the Sacramento River-San Joaquin River Delta simply because Southern California is remarkably dependent on freshwater exported from the Delta. We offer a new kind of salt barrier, a macroproject built of impermeable textile materials stretched across the Golden Gate beneath the famous bridge. We anticipate it might eventually substitute for a recently proposed San Francisco In-Stream Tidal Power Plant harnessing a 1.7 m tide at the Bay entrance if future climate conditions Statewide is conducive. First-glance physics underpin our macroproject.

Richart B. Cathcart; Alexander A. Bolonkin

2007-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

128

The Golden Gate Textile Barrier: Preserving California Bay of San Francisco from a Rising North Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate change in California may require construction of a barrier separating the Pacific Ocean from San Francisco Bay and the Sacramento River-San Joaquin River Delta simply because Southern California is remarkably dependent on freshwater exported from the Delta. We offer a new kind of salt barrier, a macroproject built of impermeable textile materials stretched across the Golden Gate beneath the famous bridge. We anticipate it might eventually substitute for a recently proposed San Francisco In-Stream Tidal Power Plant harnessing a 1.7 m tide at the Bay entrance if future climate conditions Statewide is conducive. First-glance physics underpin our macroproject.

Cathcart, R B; Bolonkin, Alexander A.; Cathcart, Richart B.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Atmosphere and Ocean: Water (drought topic begins at slide 26)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Atmosphere and Ocean: Water (drought topic begins at slide 26) UW Hon220c Energy & Environment in the atmosphere: 50-70% of the greenhouse effect; ½ the flow of thermal energy from laEtude (like SeaXle and its sister city, Bergen Norway. Meehl et al. Geophysical

130

The Fatty Acid Content of Ocean Water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

acetate sea water ethyl acetate 28, 620 226, 750 13, 780 1Z, 500 9, 540 5, 500 89 5-1/ 2 Run 2 sea water ethyl acetate sea water ethyl acetate sea water ethyl acetate 26, 500 20Z, 500 13, 780 12, 250 8, 480 3, 750 11-1/ 2 88-1/ 2...'ters)(CIpCIpCI2C14 14(1=) 16 16(1 =) 18 18(1 =) 18(2 =) Number of Carbon Atoms t. % Wei ht of Esters mg. /I. 10 300 900 1900 0 6Q 20 4 3Q 12 11 7 35 94 0 0 0 7 6 42 15 0 22 16 Bg 14 9 0 0 0 0 0. 5 0. 4 0. 5 0. 3 23 FIGURE 2 SEPARATION...

Slowey, James Frank

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Validation of 3D Radiative Transfer in Coastal-Ocean Water Systems as Modeled by DIRSIG  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Validation of 3D Radiative Transfer in Coastal-Ocean Water Systems as Modeled by DIRSIG FOR IMAGING SCIENCE Title of Dissertation: Validation of 3D Radiative Transfer in Coastal-Ocean Water Systems. Signature Date 3 #12;Validation of 3D Radiative Transfer in Coastal-Ocean Water Systems as Modeled by DIRSIG

Salvaggio, Carl

132

An investigation of the relationships between rainfall in northeast Brazil and sea surface temperatures of the equatorial regions of the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;"V IL FEST? GATION OF THE R). LATIONSHIPS BET))'EFN RATNFAI. L IN NOR'I'llL 'EST BRAZIL AND SEA SL'Rl'ACE TFI!PERAT)JRES CF TIIF. Eq?IA'I'ORIA), RFGIONS OF THE PACIFIC AVL' ATLANITIC OCEANS A TI?csiS OV M "u?'v'I N ARTIIL)R COCHRANE Suhrafr...Mcmli c r) / ~g. ember) (Member) May 1977 ABSTRACT An Investigation of the Relationships between Rainfall in Northeast Brazil and Sca Surface Temperatures of the Equatorial Rcgi. ons of the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans (IJay 1977) . Marvin Arthur...

Cochrane, Marvin Arthur

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

A Review of the Systematics of Angel Sharks Emphasizing the Species of the Eastern Pacific Region with a Modified Set of Morphometrics for Order Squatiniformes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

occurring in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Ayers compared hisoccurring in the eastern Pacific Ocean. It remains possiblethroughout the eastern Pacific Ocean. 1. Subcaudal fin not

Alioto, Dominic

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Comparison of the Carbon System Parameters at the Global CO2 Survey Crossover Locations in the North and South Pacific Ocean, 1990-1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As a collaborative program to measure global ocean carbon inventories and provide estimates of the anthropogenic carbon dioxide (C02) uptake by the oceans. the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the U.S. Department of Energy have sponsored the collection of ocean carbon measurements as part of the World Ocean Circulation Experiment and Ocean-Atmosphere Carbon Exchange Study cruises. The cruises discussed here occurred in the North and South Pacific from 1990 through 1996. The carbon parameters from these 30 crossover locations have been compared to ensure that a consistent global data set emerges from the survey cruises. !'he results indicate that for dissolved inorganic carbon. fugacity of C02 and pH. the a~:,rreements at most crossover locations are well within the design specifications for the global CO) survey: whereas. in the case of total alkaliniry. the agreement between crossover locations is not as close.

Feely, Richard A [NOAA, Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL); Lamb, Marilyn F. [NOAA, Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL); Greeley, Dana J. [NOAA, Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL); Wanninkhof, Rik [NOAA, Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory (AOML)

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

AEROSOL DIRECT RADIATIVE EFFECTS OVER THE NORTHWEST ATLANTIC, NORTHWEST PACIFIC, AND NORTH INDIAN OCEANS: ESTIMATES BASED ON IN-SITU CHEMICAL AND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AEROSOL DIRECT RADIATIVE EFFECTS OVER THE NORTHWEST ATLANTIC, NORTHWEST PACIFIC, AND NORTH INDIAN OCEANS: ESTIMATES BASED ON IN-SITU CHEMICAL AND OPTICAL MEASUREMENTS AND CHEMICAL TRANSPORT MODELING radiation, changing cloud properties and altering precipitation. The largest uncertainty in the radiative

136

Coral Radiocarbon Records of Indian Ocean Water Mass Mixing and Wind-Induced Upwelling Along the Coast of Sumatra, Indonesia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Radiocarbon ({sup 14}C) in the skeletal aragonite of annually banded corals track radiocarbon concentrations in dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) in surface seawater. As a result of nuclear weapons testing in the 1950s, oceanic uptake of excess {sup 14}C in the atmosphere has increased the contrast between surface and deep ocean {sup 14}C concentrations. We present accelerator mass spectrometric (AMS) measurements of radiocarbon isotope ({Delta}{sup 14}C) in Porites corals from the Mentawai Islands, Sumatra (0 S, 98 E) and Watamu, Kenya (3 S, 39 E) to document the temporal and spatial evolution of the {sup 14}C gradient in the tropical Indian Ocean. The rise in {Delta}{sup 14}C in the Sumatra coral, in response to the maximum in nuclear weapons testing, is delayed by 2-3 years relative to the rise in coral {Delta}{sup 14}C from the coast of Kenya. Kenya coral {Delta}{sup 14}C values rise quickly because surface waters are in prolonged contact with the atmosphere. In contrast, wind-induced upwelling and rapid mixing along the coast of Sumatra entrains {sup 14}C-depleted water from the subsurface, which dilutes the effect of the uptake of bomb-laden {sup 14}C by the surface-ocean. Bimonthly AMS {Delta}{sup 14}C measurements on the Mentawai coral reveal mainly interannual variability with minor seasonal variability. The interannual signal may be a response to changes in the Walker circulation, the development of easterly wind anomalies, shoaling of the eastern thermocline, and upwelling of {sup 14}C-depleted water along the coast of Sumatra. Singular spectrum analysis of the Sumatra coral {Delta}{sup 14}C record reveals a significant 3-year periodicity. The results lend support to the concept that ocean atmosphere interactions between the Pacific and Indian Oceans operate in concert with the El Ni{tilde n}o-Southern Oscillation (ENSO).

Guilderson, T P; Grumet, N S; Abram, N J; Beck, J W; Dunbar, R B; Gagan, M K; Hantoro, W S; Suwargadi, B W

2004-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

137

An investigation of the oceanic effects on the climate of Pacific Equatorial South America  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

'C!il (lf. '. E 11 (. '. (l'31 f( (111 'I j 1 (110 CC(EC, t mperatures in Australia. The increasing in- fluence of subsidence from the w stwa d-moving south ?acif 'c high cou' d quite possibly cause 1. ss rain to fall in the western Pacific...

Cook, James Dean

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

138

US Air Force installation restoration program: Remedial investigation of former herbicide storage site at Johnston Island, Pacific Ocean  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report represents a synthesis and reformatting of six primary documents and other related materials on soils, ocean sediments, air, and biota investigations conducted at Johnston Island (JI), Pacific Ocean, to characterize contamination resulting from storage of 1.37 million gallons of Herbicide Orange (HO) from 1972 through 1977. The individual study components comprise the Remedial Investigation (RI) of the former HO storage site at JI. This report describes the procedures, results, and conclusions of the sampling and analysis programs conducted at JI. Samples of site soils, ocean sediments, airborne particulates, dust, sweepings, and aquatic organisms were collected and analyzed for HO-derived 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T), and 2,3,7,8- tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). Environmental media other than soils at the storage facility itself were found to be free of contamination or to contain very low contaminant concentrations. No contamination was found in ocean sediments, indicating possible dispersion of contaminants due to erosion. A few of the biological specimens collected were found to contain TCDD levels below the guidelines of 25 to 50 parts per trillion established by the US Food and Drug Administration; TCDD in all other biota samples was nondetectable. Analysis of samples of airborne particulates and of soils, dust, and sweepings from high-use and residential areas outside the boundaries of the former storage site indicated that there is little or no concern of adverse impacts from airborne transport and deposition of TCDD.

Not Available

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Helium and lead isotope geochemistry of oceanic volcanic rocks from the East Pacific and South Atlantic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The isotopic evolution of helium and lead in the Earth is coupled by virtue of their common radioactive parents uranium and thorium. The isotopic signatures in oceanic volcanic rocks provide constraints on the temporal ...

Graham, David W. (David William)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Tropical Ocean Climate Study (TOCS) and Japan-United States Tropical Ocean Study (JUSTOS) on the R/V KAIYO, 25 Jan to 2 March 1997, to the Tropical Western Pacific Ocean BNL component  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Japanese U.S. Tropical Ocean Study (JUSTOS) cruise on the R/V KAIYO in the Tropical Western Pacific Ocean was a collaborative effort with participants from the Japanese Marine Science and Technology Center (JAMSTEC), the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), and Brookhaven National Laboratory BNL. This report is a summary of the instruments, measurements, and initial analysis of the BNL portion of the cruise only. It includes a brief description of the instrument system, calibration procedures, problems and resolutions, data collection, processing and data file descriptions. This is a working document, which is meant to provide both a good description of the work and as much information as possible in one place for future analysis.

Reynolds, R.M.; Smith, S.

1997-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

PACIFIC HIGHLY MIGR ATORY PEL AGIC FISHERIES pacific highly migratory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Pacific Ocean, from the tropics to temperate latitudes. Many of these fishes routinely travel great highly migratory species throughout the Pacific Ocean. Some of the fleets are capable of operating across the Pacific as well as in other oceans during a single fishing season. These fleets use larger purse

142

Spatial and temporal variability of the dimethylsulfide to chlorophyll ratio in the surface ocean: an assessment based on phytoplankton group dominance determined from space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the equatorial Pacific Ocean (1982 to 1996): Evidence ofover the North Pacific Ocean, J. Geophys. Res. , 112,iron- induced Northeast Pacific Ocean bloom, Geophys. Res.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

The continental margin is a key source of iron to the HNLC North Pacific Ocean  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Here we show that labile particulate iron and manganese concentrations in the upper 500m of the Western Subarctic Pacific, an iron-limited High Nutrient Low Chlorophyll (HNLC) region, have prominent subsurface maxima between 100-200 m, reaching 3 nM and 600 pM, respectively. The subsurface concentration maxima in particulate Fe are characterized by a more reduced oxidation state, suggesting a source from primary volcagenic minerals such as from the Kuril/Kamchatka margin. The systematics of these profiles suggest a consistently strong lateral advection of labile Mn and Fe from redox-mobilized labile sources at the continental shelf supplemented by a more variable source of Fe from the upper continental slope. This subsurface supply of iron from the continental margin is shallow enough to be accessible to the surface through winter upwelling and vertical mixing, and is likely a key source of bioavailable Fe to the HNLC North Pacific.

Lam, P.J.; Bishop, J.K.B

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

144

Automated Sensor Networks to Advance Ocean Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

satellite telecom- munications. A regional cabled observa- tory will "wire" a single region in the north- eastern Pacific Ocean with a high-speed optical and power grid. The coastal com- ponent will expand ocean- observing network in the Mid-Atlantic Bight waters (MAB, spanning offshore regions from

145

Pacific Ocean Pleistocene and Holocene surface temperature variability and implications for climate change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sacramento-San Joaquin delta: Water Resources Bulletin,, no.coastal and estuarine waters: Radiocarbon, v. 38, no. 3, p.salinity systematics in estuarine waters and carbonates: San

Dyez, Kelsey

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Assessment of the amount of cesium-137 released into the Pacific Ocean after the Fukushima accident  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the neighborhood of the plant. An underestimation was noticed for stations located 30 km offshore. The resulting into the ocean from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant (NPP) after the accident in March 2011 and to gain Daiichi nuclear power plant following the earthquake and the tsunami of 11 March 2011 released large

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

147

From the subtropics to the central equatorial Pacific Ocean: Neodymium isotopic composition and rare earth element  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and rare earth element concentration variations Mélanie Grenier,1 Catherine Jeandel,1 François Lacan,1 compositions (eNd) and rare earth element (REE) concentrations were measured for filtered surface to deep composition and rare earth element concentration variations, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 118, 592­618, doi:10

Boyer, Edmond

148

Bio-optical properties of oceanic waters: A reappraisal Andre Morel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bio-optical properties of oceanic waters: A reappraisal Andre´ Morel Laboratoire de Physique et, California Abstract. The apparent optical properties (AOPs) of oceanic case 1 waters were previously analyzed describing the trophic conditions of water bodies. From these empirical relationships a bio-optical model

California at Santa Barbara, University of

149

Anomalous sea surface temperatures of the North Pacific Ocean and their relationship to precipitation in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the North Pacific and precip1tation in the ten climatic divisions of Texas, concurrently, and for t1me lags of up to six months. Anomalous sea surface temperatures for the 20 year period, 1947-1966, were correlated to prec1 pi tation totals that were... reported for the ten climatic divisions of Texas. An examination of the levels of significance for each correlat1on coeffic1ent was conducted. Correlation coefficients with high levels of significance were studied for patterns and peak frequencies...

Atkinson, Garey Cecil

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

A climatology of tropical moisture bursts in the eastern North Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

iva&er i apor in the laver 600-300 mb (Morel, e& al. , 1979) and or&ented along ihe burst axis. Colocaied cloud-track v;inds shov; tliai i, he vapor band, and thus the moisture burst. occurs in association vvith a trough in the upper... AfcM University (TAMI'). Coverage of the eastern Pacific was available mostly at, 6-hour teniporal resolution. The moisture burst definition ivas developed from examinations of UIR still imagery of he wintei months of 1981-82 and 1928-79. A special...

Smith, Neil Ray

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Regional Summary Western Pacific Management Context  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-central and eastern Pacific Ocean) total of Pacific bigeye tuna landings reported in 2009. Currently (WCPFC) is active in the western and central Pacific Ocean and the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission (IATTC) is active in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Species under the purview of the WCPFC and IATTC

152

NUTRIENT INVERSIONS IN THE SOUTHEASTERN TROPICAL PACIFIC OCEAN 1.2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the nutrients were depleted by phytoplankton and has then sunk below high-nutrient and relatively fresh water

153

Comparison of reduced-order, sequential and variational data assimilation methods in the tropical Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents a comparison of two reduced-order, sequential and variational data assimilation methods: the SEEK filter and the R-4D-Var. A hybridization of the two, combining the variational framework and the sequential evolution of covariance matrices, is also preliminarily investigated and assessed in the same experimental conditions. The comparison is performed using the twin-experiment approach on a model of the Tropical Pacific domain. The assimilated data are simulated temperature profiles at the locations of the TAO/TRITON array moorings. It is shown that, in a quasi-linear regime, both methods produce similarly good results. However the hybrid approach provides slightly better results and thus appears as potentially fruitful. In a more non-linear regime, when Tropical Instability Waves develop, the global nature of the variational approach helps control model dynamics better than the sequential approach of the SEEK filter. This aspect is probably enhanced by the context of the experiments in tha...

Robert, Cline; Verron, Jacques

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Reconstruction of Early Paleogene North Pacific Deep-Water Circulation using the Neodymium Isotopic Composition of Fossil Fish Debris  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the timing of the cessation of major, deep convection in the North Pacific occurred much earlier, ~52 Ma than the timing obtained from shallower Shatsky Rise sites, ~45 Ma. Convection in the North Pacific likely produced a dense water mass that influenced...

Hague, Ashley Melissa

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

155

NE Pacific St. NE Pacific St.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lake W ashington Ship Canal NE Pacific St. NE Pacific St. NE Boat St. 15th Ave NE 15thAveNE UniversityWayNE BrooklynAveNE NE Pacific St. MontlakeBlvdNE MontlakeBlvdNE Pacific Place NE University Burke-Gilman Trail METRO NW A CD D EF F GHI H J RR BB CC EE AA Rotunda Cafe Ocean Sciences Hitchcock

156

Water and Environmental Research Institute of the Western Pacific  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Commonwealth Utility Corporation, CNMI and direct appropriations from the Guam legislature. Currently WERI has theses in the Environmental Sciences and Biology graduate programs. Following is a list of non USGS, USGS COMMONWEALTH UTILITY CORPORATION, CNMI Hydraulic Modeling of Saipans Water Distribution System

157

VERTIGO (VERtical Transport In the Global Ocean): A study of particle sources and flux attenuation in the North Pacific  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The VERtical Transport In the Global Ocean (VERTIGO) study examined particle sources and fluxes through the ocean's 'twilight zone' (defined here as depths below the euphotic zone to 1000 m). Interdisciplinary process studies were conducted at contrasting sites off Hawaii (ALOHA) and in the NW Pacific (K2) during 3 week occupations in 2004 and 2005, respectively. We examine in this overview paper the contrasting physical, chemical and biological settings and how these conditions impact the source characteristics of the sinking material and the transport efficiency through the twilight zone. A major finding in VERTIGO is the considerably lower transfer efficiency (T{sub eff}) of particulate organic carbon (POC), POC flux 500/150 m, at ALOHA (20%) vs. K2 (50%). This efficiency is higher in the diatom-dominated setting at K2 where silica-rich particles dominate the flux at the end of a diatom bloom, and where zooplankton and their pellets are larger. At K2, the drawdown of macronutrients is used to assess export and suggests that shallow remineralization above our 150 m trap is significant, especially for N relative to Si. We explore here also surface export ratios (POC flux/primary production) and possible reasons why this ratio is higher at K2, especially during the first trap deployment. When we compare the 500 m fluxes to deep moored traps, both sites lose about half of the sinking POC by >4000 m, but this comparison is limited in that fluxes at depth may have both a local and distant component. Certainly, the greatest difference in particle flux attenuation is in the mesopelagic, and we highlight other VERTIGO papers that provide a more detailed examination of the particle sources, flux and processes that attenuate the flux of sinking particles. Ultimately, we contend that at least three types of processes need to be considered: heterotrophic degradation of sinking particles, zooplankton migration and surface feeding, and lateral sources of suspended and sinking materials. We have evidence that all of these processes impacted the net attenuation of particle flux vs. depth measured in VERTIGO and would therefore need to be considered and quantified in order to understand the magnitude and efficiency of the ocean's biological pump.

Buesseler, K.O.; Trull, T.W.; Steinberg, D.K.; Silver, M.W.; Siegel, D.A.; Saitoh, S.-I.; Lamborg, C.H.; Lam, P.J.; Karl, D.M.; Jiao, N.Z.; Honda, M.C.; Elskens, M.; Dehairs, F.; Brown, S.L.; Boyd, P.W.; Bishop, J.K.B.; Bidigare, R.R.

2008-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

158

Biological and physical regulation of the oceanic fixed nitrogen reservoir  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2 in the subtropical North Pacific Ocean. Nature 412: 635-38in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean. Marine Chemistry 16:and N 2 fixation in the Pacific Ocean. Global Biogeochemical

Weber, Thomas Smith

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Oceanic alkyl nitrates as a natural source of tropospheric ozone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

over the equatorial Pacific Ocean during Saga 3, J. Geophys.the troposphere over the Pacific Ocean during PEM- Tropics Ain the tropical Pacific Ocean, Geophys. Res. Lett. , 32,

Neu, Jessica L; Lawler, Michael J; Prather, Michael J; Saltzman, Eric S

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Surface and free tropospheric sources of methanesulfonic acid over the tropical Pacific Ocean  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The production of sulfate aerosols through marine sulfur chemistry is critical to the climate system. However, not all sulfur compounds have been studied in detail. One such compound is methanesulfonic acid (MSA). In this study, we use a one-dimensional chemical transport model to analyze observed vertical profiles of gas-phase MSA during the Pacific Atmospheric Sulfur Experiment (PASE). The observed sharp decrease in MSA from the surface to 600m implies a surface source of 4.0107 molecules/cm2/s. Evidence suggests that this source is photolytically enhanced. We also find that the observed large increase of MSA from the boundary layer into the lower free troposphere (1000-2000m) results mainly from the degassing of MSA from dehydrated aerosols. We estimate a source of 1.2107 molecules/cm2/s through this pathway. This source of soluble MSA potentially provides an important precursor for new particle formation in the free troposphere over tropics, affecting the climate system through aerosol-cloud interactions.

Zhang, Yuzhong; Wang, Yuhang; Gray, Burton A.; Gu, Dasa; Mauldin, L.; Cantrell, Chris; Bandy, Alan R.

2014-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

SWOT: The Surface Water & Ocean Topography Satellite Mission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of hydroelectric power waiting to be exploited---the oceans, for they contain massive energy in forms such as tides

162

Regional Summary Pacific Region Management Context  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, for the Eastern Pacific Ocean, and the Western and Central Pacific Fishery Commission, for the Western PacificRegional Summary Pacific Region Management Context The Pacific Region includes California, Oregon, and Washington. Federal fisheries in this region are managed by the Pacific Fishery Management Council (PFMC

163

Oceanic CO{sub 2} measurements for the WOCE hydrological survey in the Pacific Ocean; Shipboard alkalinity analyses during 1991 and 1992. Final technical report, February 1, 1992--July 31, 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This research group contributed titration alkalinity analyses to transects of the WOCE Hydrological Survey during 1991 and 1992. The results have been transmitted to the Carbon Dioxide Information and Analysis Center (CDIAC) of the Department of Energy in a technical data report having two parts: Oceanic CO{sub 2} Measurements for the WOCE Hydrographic Survey of the Pacific Ocean, 1990--1991: Shipboard Analyses During 1991 and 1992, Part 1. Alkalinity Measurements on TUNES, Leg 3, 1991. Oceanic CO{sub 2} Measurements for the WOCE Hydrographic Survey of the Pacific Ocean, 1990--1991: Shipboard Analyses During 1991 and 1992, Part 2. Alkalinity Measurements on CGC92, Legs 1 and 2, 1992. This report contains a paper entitled, ``Total dissolved inorganic carbon measurements made on WOCE leg P13`` by Andrew G. Dickson. A brief description of how these measurements were made and calibrated has been provided along with a statement of the quality of the measurements. The data themselves have been sent to ORNL CDIAC for archival and distribution.

Keeling, C.D.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Modeling the Physical and Biochemical Influence of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Plant Discharges into their Adjacent Waters  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Modeling the Physical and Biochemical Influence of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Plant Discharges into their Adjacent Waters

165

ENSO's Impact on the Gap Wind Regions of the Eastern Tropical Pacific Ocean* MICHAEL A. ALEXANDER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The recently released NCEP Climate Forecast System Reanalysis (CFSR) is used to examine the response to ENSO fluxes damp the SSTs anomalies, while the Ekman heat transport is generally in quadrature; with the cold thermocline water at greater depths during El Nin~o in the NETP, it is less likely

Xie, Shang-Ping

166

Comparison of Moist Static Energy and Budget between the GCM-Simulated MaddenJulian Oscillation and Observations over the Indian Ocean and Western Pacific  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The moist static energy (MSE) anomalies and MSE budget associated with the MaddenJulian oscillation (MJO) simulated in the Iowa State University General Circulation Model (ISUGCM) over the Indian and Pacific Oceans are compared with observations. Different phase relationships between MJO 850-hPa zonal wind, precipitation, and surface latent heat flux are simulated over the Indian Ocean and western Pacific, which are greatly influenced by the convection closure, trigger conditions, and convective momentum transport (CMT). The moist static energy builds up from the lower troposphere 1520 days before the peak of MJO precipitation, and reaches the maximum in the middle troposphere (500600 hPa) near the peak of MJO precipitation. The gradual lower-tropospheric heating and moistening and the upward transport of moist static energy are important aspects of MJO events, which are documented in observational studies but poorly simulated in most GCMs. The trigger conditions for deep convection, obtained from the year-long cloud resolving model (CRM) simulations, contribute to the striking difference between ISUGCM simulations with the original and modified convection schemes and play the major role in the improved MJO simulation in ISUGCM. Additionally, the budget analysis with the ISUGCM simulations shows the increase in MJO MSE is in phase with the horizontal advection of MSE over the western Pacific, while out of phase with the horizontal advection of MSE over the Indian Ocean. However, the NCEP analysis shows that the tendency of MJO MSE is in phase with the horizontal advection of MSE over both oceans.

Wu, Xiaoqing; Deng, Liping

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Diurnal cycle of the Intertropical Convergence Zone in the east Pacific  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fall over the tropical Pacific ocean during August 1979,the tropical Pacific and Atlantic oceans, J. Clim. , 17,systems over the west Pacific Ocean had two peaks, one at

Bain, C. L; Magnusdottir, G.; Smyth, P.; Stern, H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Mechanisms controlling dissolved iron distribution in the North Pacific: A model study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

latitude sites in the Pacific?Ocean, J. Geophys. Res. , 96 (of the equatorial Pacific Ocean, Nature, 371(6493), 123129,and western North Pacific Ocean, Geophys. Res. Lett. , 33,

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Abundance and ecological implications of microplastic debris in the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the central North Pacific ocean. Nature 241:271271. doi:waste distributions in Pacific Ocean. Nature 247:3032. doi:of the central North Pacific ocean. Nature 241:271271. doi:

Goldstein, Miriam Chanita

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Vertical flux, ecology and dissolution of radiolaria in tropical oceans : implications for the silica cycle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Radiolarians which settle through the oceanic water column were recovered from three stations (western Tropical Atlantic-Station E, central Tropical Pacific-P1 and Panama Basin-PB) using PARFLUX sediment traps in moored ...

Takahashi, Kozo

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Regional Summary Pacific Management Context  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Bocaccio, Pacific ocean perch, cowcod, and darkblotched and widow rockfish are currently in rebuildingRegional Summary Pacific Management Context The Pacific Region includes California, Oregon, and Washington. Federal fisheries in this region are managed by the Pacific Fishery Management Council (PFMC

172

Interactive influences of bioactive trace metals on biological production in oceanic waters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors present an overview of the oceanic chemistries of the bioactive trace metals, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, and Zn; the authors combine field data with results from laboratory phytoplankton culture-trace metal studies and speculate on the potential influences of these trace metals on oceanic plankton production and species composition. Most field studies have focused on the effects of single metals. However, they propose that synergistic and antagonistic interactions between multiple trace metals could be very important in the oceans. Trace metal antagonisms that may prove particularly important are those between Cu and the potential biolimiting metals Fe, Mn, and Zn. These antagonistic interactions could have the greatest influence on biological productivity in areas of the open ocean isolated from terrestrial inputs, such as the remote high nutrient regions of the Pacific and Antarctic Oceans. The emerging picture of trace metal-biota interactions in these oceanic areas is one in which biology strongly influences distribution and chemical speciation of all these bioactive trace metals. It also seems likely that many of these bioactive trace metals and their speciation may influence levels of primary productivity, species composition, and trophic structure. Future investigations should give more complete consideration to the interactive effects of biologically important trace metals.

Bruland, K.W.; Donat, J.R.; Hutchins, D.A. (Univ. of California, Santa Cruz (United States))

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

An Architecture for Ocean Bottom UnderWater Acoustic Sensor Networks (UWASN)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Architecture for Ocean Bottom UnderWater Acoustic Sensor Networks (UWASN) Dario Pompili, Tommaso collection, pollution monitoring, offshore exploration, and tactical surveillance applications. To make Acoustic Networking (UWASN) is the en- abling technology for these applications [1]. Underwater Networks

Melodia, Tommaso

174

Energy and Water Conservation Assessment of the Radiochemical Processing Laboratory (RPL) at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the results of an energy and water conservation assessment of the Radiochemical Processing Laboratory (RPL) at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). The assessment was performed in October 2013 by engineers from the PNNL Building Performance Team with the support of the dedicated RPL staff and several Facilities and Operations (F&O) department engineers. The assessment was completed for the Facilities and Operations (F&O) department at PNNL in support of the requirements within Section 432 of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007.

Johnson, Stephanie R.; Koehler, Theresa M.; Boyd, Brian K.

2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

175

A retrospective study of ecosystem effects of the 1976/77 regime shift in the eastern Pacific warm pool  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

T.P. , 2001. On the Pacific Ocean regime shift. Geophysicaltuna in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Inter-Amer. Trop. Tunatuna in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Inter-Amer. Trop. Tuna

Vilchis, L. Ignacio

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Measured electric hot water standby and demand loads from Pacific Northwest homes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Bonneville Power Administration began the End-Use Load and Consumer Assessment Program (ELCAP) in 1983 to obtain metered hourly end-use consumption data for a large sample of new and existing residential and commercial buildings in the Pacific Northwest. Loads and load shapes from the first 3 years of data fro each of several ELCAP residential studies representing various segments of the housing population have been summarized by Pratt et al. The analysis reported here uses the ELCAP data to investigate in much greater detail the relationship of key occupant and tank characteristics to the consumption of electricity for water heating. The hourly data collected provides opportunities to understand electricity consumption for heating water and to examine assumptions about water heating that are critical to load forecasting and conservation resource assessments. Specific objectives of this analysis are to: (A) determine the current baseline for standby heat losses by determining the standby heat loss of each hot water tank in the sample, (B) examine key assumptions affecting standby heat losses such as hot water temperatures and tank sizes and locations, (C) estimate, where possible, impacts on standby heat losses by conservation measures such as insulating tank wraps, pipe wraps, anticonvection valves or traps, and insulating bottom boards, (D) estimate the EF-factors used by the federal efficiency standards and the nominal R-values of the tanks in the sample, (E) develop estimates of demand for hot water for each home in the sample by subtracting the standby load from the total hot water load, (F) examine the relationship between the ages and number of occupants and the hot water demand, (G) place the standby and demand components of water heating electricity consumption in perspective with the total hot water load and load shape.

Pratt, R.G.; Ross, B.A.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Impacts of the Indian Ocean on the ENSO cycle Jin-Yi Yu, Carlos R. Mechoso, James C. McWilliams, and Akio Arakawa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the ocean model domain includes only the tropical Pacific Ocean (the Pacific Run). In the other experiment, the ocean model domain includes both the Indian and tropical Pacific Oceans (the Indo-Pacific Run Oceans tends to be more realistic than that including the tropical Pacific Ocean only. In particular

Yu, Jin-Yi

178

Sedimentary and mineral dust sources of dissolved iron to the world ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the tropi- cal Pacific Ocean II. Iron biogeochemistry,in the Northeast Pacific Ocean Gyre: Aerosols, iron, and theF. M. M. : The equatorial Pacific Ocean: Grazer-controlled

Moore, J. K; Braucher, O.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Carbon isotope ratios of organic compound fractions in oceanic suspended particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the northeast Pacific Ocean, J. Geophys. Res. , 101,slope to the abyssal NE Pacific Ocean, Deep Sea Res. , Partwaters of the equatorial Pacific Ocean, Deep Sea Res. , Part

Hwang, Jeomshik; Druffel, Ellen R. M

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

A critical evaluation of the upper ocean heat budget in the Climate Forecast System Reanalysis data for the south central equatorial Pacific  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Coupled ocean-atmospheric models suffer from the common bias of a spurious rain belt south of the central equatorial Pacific throughout the year. Observational constraints on key processes responsible for this bias are scarce. The recently available reanalysis from a coupled model system for the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) Climate Forecast System Reanalysis (CFSR) data is a potential benchmark for climate models in this region. Its suitability for model evaluation and validation, however, needs to be established. This paper examines the mixed layer heat budget and the ocean surface currents - key factors for the sea surface temperature control in the double Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone in the central Pacific - from 5{sup o}S to 10{sup o}S and 170{sup o}E to 150{sup o}W. Two independent approaches are used. The first approach is through comparison of CFSR data with collocated station observations from field experiments; the second is through the residual analysis of the heat budget of the mixed layer. We show that the CFSR overestimates the net surface flux in this region by 23 W m{sup -2}. The overestimated net surface flux is mainly due to an even larger overestimation of shortwave radiation by 44 W m{sup -2}, which is compensated by a surface latent heat flux overestimated by 14 W m{sup -2}. However, the quality of surface currents and the associated oceanic heat transport in CFSR are not compromised by the surface flux biases, and they agree with the best available estimates. The uncertainties of the observational data from field experiments are also briefly discussed in the present study.

Liu H.; Lin W.; Liu, X.; Zhang, M.

2011-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Water and Climate 2. Circulation of ocean and atmosphere; climate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to high latitude and part of that thermal energy is FW: latent heat Gill Atmosphere-Ocean Dynamics integrated vertically (annual mean) ERA40 Atlas ECMWF HIGH: ICTZ, monsoon regions, Amazon.... convergent March 2005 from satellite radiometer AMSR-E. Ranges up to 6.5 cm FW in tropics #12;#12;Relative humidity

182

Ocean Sciences 2006 An Estimate of Carbon Sequestration via Antarctic Intermediate Water Formation in the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ocean Sciences 2006 An Estimate of Carbon Sequestration via Antarctic Intermediate Water Formation traditional deep water formation via entrainment of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse-active species collected for oxygen, total carbon, alkalinity, nutrients, and CFCs. The alkalinity and total carbon data

Talley, Lynne D.

183

Constraining Wind Stress Products with Sea Surface Height Observations and Implications for Pacific Ocean Sea Level Trend Attribution*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ocean Sea Level Trend Attribution* SHAYNE MCGREGOR, ALEXANDER SEN GUPTA, AND MATTHEW H. ENGLAND Climate are available that are commonly used to examine climate vari- ability or trends and as boundary conditions.e., upper ocean heat content redistribution) versus global mean sea level change (i.e., including

England, Matthew

184

GECCO Ocean Energy System Luis Maristany, Nicole Waters, Billy W. Wells Jr., Mario Suarez, Richard Gestewitz, Alexej Wiest,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GECCO Ocean Energy System Luis Maristany, Nicole Waters, Billy W. Wells Jr., Mario Suarez, Richard and to invent ways of harvesting these energies by designing new systems. The ocean is a major resource for all Operation) is a wave energy converter that extracts kinetic energy from ocean waves using a rugged

Wood, Stephen L.

185

Model-Data Fusion Studies of Pacific Arctic Climate and Ice-Ocean Processes Jia Wang1, Hajo Eicken2, Yanling Yu3, X. Bai4, Jinlun Zhang3, H. Hu4, Moto Ikeda5, Kohei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Ecosystems Research (CILER), School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Michigan, 4840 South1 Model-Data Fusion Studies of Pacific Arctic Climate and Ice-Ocean Processes Jia Wang1, Hajo. Tel: 734-741-2281; Email: Jia.Wang@noaa.gov 2. University of Alaska Fairbanks, Geophysical Institute

Zhang, Jinlun

186

ON THE DISPERSAL OF LOBSTER LARVAE INTO THE EAST PACIFIC BARRIER (DECAPODA, PALINURIDEA)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of young skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis, in the east- ern tropical Pacific Ocean (Williams, 1971, 1972

187

Final Technical Report: Ocean CO{sub 2} Measurements for the WOCE Hydrographic Survey in the Pacific Ocean, 1992-1995 Field Years: Shore Based Analysis of Dissolved Inorganic Carbon January 1, 1993-April 15, 1998  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Participation in the hydrographic survey of the world ocean circulation experiment (WOCE) began in December 1990 with a two year grant from DOE for shore related analyses of inorganic carbon in sea water. These analyses were intended to assure that the measurements carried out under difficult laboratory conditions on board ships were consistent with measurements made under more carefully controlled shore laboratory conditions.

Keeling, Charles D.

1998-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

188

Alkyl nitrate (C1-C3) depth profiles in the tropical Pacific Ocean E. E. Dahl,1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and distribution of tropo- spheric ozone. Atmospheric alkyl nitrates are normally associated with polluted air free radical processes initiated by radioactive decay or cosmic rays, enzymatically mediated reactions expedition in the equatorial Pacific, an equatorial maximum in atmospheric ethyl and isopropyl nitrate

Saltzman, Eric

189

Character of the diatom assemblage spanning a depositional transition in the Eastern Equatorial Pacific Ocean at 6.6 Ma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Approximately 6.6 million years ago in the Eastern Equatorial Pacific a large increase in biogenic mass accumulation rates (MAR?s) occurred. This increased level of biogenic mass accumulation persisted until about 4.4 Ma at which time levels...

Brookshire, Brian Neville, Jr.

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

190

Qualitative analysis of food webs in the Pacific Ocean J Young, J Dambacher, R Olson, V Allain, F  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ocean #12;Stomach collections Stomachs collected : CSIRO 3102, SPC 1691, IATTC 3882 Sampling area ~ 35 player Qualitative analyses: method flow chart Perturbations of species/groups to positive or negative

Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

191

The persistence of oceans on Earth-like planets: insights from the deep-water cycle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we present a series of models for the deep water cycle on super-Earths experiencing plate tectonics. The deep water cycle can be modeled through parameterized convection models coupled with a volatile recycling model. The convection of the silicate mantle is linked to the volatile cycle through the water-dependent viscosity. Important differences in surface water content are found for different parameterizations of convection. Surface oceans are smaller and more persistent for single layer convection, rather than convection by boundary layer instability. Smaller planets have initially larger oceans but also return that water to the mantle more rapidly than larger planets. Super-Earths may therefore be less habitable in their early years than smaller planets, but their habitability (assuming stable surface conditions), will persist much longer.

Schaefer, Laura

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Optimization and sensitivity of a global biogeochemistry ocean model using combined in situ DIC, alkalinity, and phosphate data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

anthropogenic CO 2 in the Pacific Ocean, Global Biogeochem.dissolution in the Pacific Ocean, Global Biogeochem. Cycles,PO 4 ] in the equatorial Pacific Ocean by approximately 70%.

Kwon, Eun Young; Primeau, Francois

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Post-doc GIPSA-Lab / LGIT : Ocean Acoustic Tomography in shallow water and Signal Processing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Post-doc GIPSA-Lab / LGIT : Ocean Acoustic Tomography in shallow water and Signal Processing influence and pollution in coastal areas. Consequently, they need the precise knowledge of the spatial and to estimate the sur- face height is also very interesting as these problems have many applications (acoustic

van Tiggelen, Bart

194

Volume III, Chapter 3 Pacific Lamprey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Volume III, Chapter 3 Pacific Lamprey #12;TABLE OF CONTENTS 3.0 Pacific Lamprey (Lampetra ........................................................................................... 3-13 3.4.8 Ocean & Estuary Conditions................................................................................................................. 3-14 #12;PACIFIC LAMPREY III, 3-1 May 2004 3.0 Pacific Lamprey (Lampetra tridentata) The anadromous

195

Decadal Variability in the Formation of the North Pacific Subtropical Mode Water: Oceanic versus Atmospheric Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cooling. In contrast, the decadal signal is found to be closely related to variability in the dynamic cooling. Sheltered from surface processes in subsequent seasons or years, depending on the atmospheric- trainment and/or lateral induction, modulating local or remote wintertime sea surface temperatures (SSTs

Qiu, Bo

196

NE Pacific Basin --Tagging Data Kate Myers, Ph.D.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ocean B: NE Pacific Basin --Tagging Data Kate Myers, Ph.D. Principal Investigator, High Seas Salmon ocean tagging research on Columbia River salmon and steelhead migrating in the NE Pacific Basin R. Basin in 1995-2004. Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Pacific Biological Station, Nanaimo, B

197

The International Pacific Research Center i Foreword ii  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pacific Research Center (IPRC) was estab- lished in 1997 within the School of Ocean and Earth Science in the extratropical North Pacific Ocean, the dynamics of the very strong Kuroshio and Oyashio ocean currents#12; CONTENTS The International Pacific Research Center i Foreword ii #12;i

Wang, Yuqing

198

Elements of tropical Pacific decadal variability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

potential to change the background state of the eastern tropical Pacific. Simultaneously, a redistribution of atmospheric vorticity in the western tropical Pacific affects isopycnal depth and therefore ocean thermal structure progressing the decadal change...

Fuckar, Neven-Stjepan

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

GROWTH OF PACIFIC SAUR~ COWLABlS SAlRA, IN THE NORTHEASTERN AND NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC OCEANI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the northeastern and northwestern Pacific Ocean was studied using otolith growth increments. We found that growth, Cololabis saira (Brevoort), is distributed throughout the North Pacific Ocean and is one of the most the northwestern Pacific Ocean. Details of sampling and methods of reading otoliths are summarized in Table 1

200

Multi-scale modeling of Puget Sound using an unstructured-grid coastal ocean model: from tide flats to estuaries and coastal waters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Water circulation in Puget Sound, a large complex estuary system in the Pacific Northwest coastal ocean of the United States, is governed by multiple spatially and temporally varying forcings from tides, atmosphere (wind, heating/cooling, precipitation/evaporation, pressure), and river inflows. In addition, the hydrodynamic response is affected strongly by geomorphic features, such as fjord-like bathymetry and complex shoreline features, resulting in many distinguishing characteristics in its main and sub-basins. To better understand the details of circulation features in Puget Sound and to assist with proposed nearshore restoration actions for improving water quality and the ecological health of Puget Sound, a high-resolution (around 50 m in estuaries and tide flats) hydrodynamic model for the entire Puget Sound was needed. Here, a threedimensional circulation model of Puget Sound using an unstructured-grid finite volume coastal ocean model is presented. The model was constructed with sufficient resolution in the nearshore region to address the complex coastline, multi-tidal channels, and tide flats. Model open boundaries were extended to the entrance of the Strait of Juan de Fuca and the northern end of the Strait of Georgia to account for the influences of ocean water intrusion from the Strait of Juan de Fuca and the Fraser River plume from the Strait of Georgia, respectively. Comparisons of model results, observed data, and associated error statistics for tidal elevation, velocity, temperature, and salinity indicate that the model is capable of simulating the general circulation patterns on the scale of a large estuarine system as well as detailed hydrodynamics in the nearshore tide flats. Tidal characteristics, temperature/salinity stratification, mean circulation, and river plumes in estuaries with tide flats are discussed.

Yang, Zhaoqing; Khangaonkar, Tarang

2010-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Decadal changes in the equatorial Pacific circulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An ocean general circulation model with data assimilation is used to analyze the decadal changes in the tropical Pacific Ocean circulation. Results indicate that the variability in the Equatorial Undercurrent (EUC) and subtropical cells (STC) have...

Urizar, S. Cristina

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

On the spreading of Weddell Sea deep water in the southwestern Atlantic Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sv (1 Sverdrup = ls10' m'/sec) of WSDW flow from the Scotia Sea into the Georgia Basin. The route through the Scotia Sea, overlooked in previous descriptions of the ocean bottom circulation, can provide a considerable proportion of the cold water... financially supported me during my time at Texas A&M University. TABLE OF CONTENTS Page INTRODUCTION Background. Objectives. Dara and Methods. . BOTTOM CIRCULATION. The South Sandwich Trench Route. The Scotia Sea Route. ll 11 20 THE SCOTIA SEA...

Locarnini, Ricardo A

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Central Equatorial Pacific Experiment (CEPEX)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Earth's climate has varied significantly in the past, yet climate records reveal that in the tropics, sea surface temperatures seem to have been remarkably stable, varying by less than a few degrees Celsius over geologic time. Today, the large warm pool of the western Pacific shows similar characteristics. Its surface temperature always exceeds 27[degree]C, but never 31[degree]C. Heightened interest in this observation has been stimulated by questions of global climate change and the exploration of stabilizing climate feedback processes. Efforts to understand the observed weak sensitivity of tropical sea surface temperatures to climate forcing has led to a number of competing ideas about the nature of this apparent thermostat. Although there remains disagreement on the processes that regulate tropical sea surface temperature, most agree that further progress in resolving these differences requires comprehensive field observations of three-dimensional water vapor concentrations, solar and infrared radiative fluxes, surface fluxes of heat and water vapor, and cloud microphysical properties. This document describes the Central Equatorial Pacific Experiment (CEPEX) plan to collect such observations over the central equatorial Pacific Ocean during March of 1993.

Not Available

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Data Report: Oligocene Paleoceanography of the Equatorial Pacific Ocean: Planktonic and Benthic Foraminifer Stable Isotope Results from Site 1218  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the Southern Hemisphere. We investigate the Oligocene climate, using 54- m-long high-resolution benthic and planktonic foraminifer stable iso- tope records from Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Site 1218. Site 1218 (8?53.38?N, 135?22.00?W) is located... T2. Benthic foraminifer stable iso- tope data, p. 10. F3. Fine-fraction bulk isotopic analyses, p. 8. 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2.0 -0.6 -0.4 -0.2 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 ?13C (?) ?18O (?) Depth (rmcd) 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 C9n C9r Bulk...

Wade, Bridget, S.; P??like, Heiko

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Data report: Oligocene paleoceanography of the equatorial Pacific Ocean: planktonic and benthic stable isotope results from Site 1218  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the Southern Hemisphere. We investigate the Oligocene climate, using 54- m-long high-resolution benthic and planktonic foraminifer stable iso- tope records from Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Site 1218. Site 1218 (8?53.38?N, 135?22.00?W) is located... T2. Benthic foraminifer stable iso- tope data, p. 10. F3. Fine-fraction bulk isotopic analyses, p. 8. 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2.0 -0.6 -0.4 -0.2 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 ?13C (?) ?18O (?) Depth (rmcd) 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 C9n C9r Bulk...

Wade, Bridget S.; P??like, Heiko

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

The Coastal Ocean Applications and Science Team (COAST): Science Support for a Geostationary Ocean Color Imager for Coastal Waters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

intensity, events, e.g. the impacts of an increase in the yearly number of hurricanes, to more slowing of the coastal ocean. Project Description: The Coastal Ocean Applications and Science Team (COAST) was formed productivity and chlorophyll fluorescence, data management Peter Strutton, coastal carbon cycle, Harmful Algal

Kurapov, Alexander

207

Tracking El Nio using optical indices of phytoplankton dynamics in the equatorial Pacific  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pacific's normally deep thermocline to shoal. Subsequently, the tongue of cold water normally extending Atmosphere Ocean (TAO) project array of around 70 buoys tracing meridians from 156E to 95W between 8N and 8S, backscattering meter and C-star beam attenuation meter (proxies for chlorophyll, particulate organic carbon

Kurapov, Alexander

208

UH Parking Access & Mid-Pacific Institute  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hall Keller Hall Physical Science Building Pacific Ocean Science & Technology Kuykendall AnnexStairs Pond UH Parking Access & Mid-Pacific Institute Exit Manoa Innovation Center and Kau Auxiliary Services Pacific Biomedical Warehouse Agricultural Science Shops Campus Security n Landscaping

209

Carbon dioxide, hydrographic, and chemical data obtained in the Central South Pacific Ocean (WOCE sections P17S and P16S) during the tunes-2-expedition of the R/V Thomas Washington, July--August 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This data documentation discusses the procedures and methods used to measure total carbon dioxide (TCO{sub 2}), discrete partial pressure of TCO{sub 2} (pCO{sub 2}), and total alkalinity (TALK), during the Research Vessel (R/V) Thomas Washington TUNES Leg 2 Expedition in the central South Pacific Ocean. Conducted as part of the World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE), the cruise began in Papeete, Tahiti, French Polynesia, on July 16, 1991, and returned to Papeete on August 25, 1991. WOCE Meridional Sections P17S along 135{degrees} W and P16S along 150{degrees} W were completed during the 40-day expedition. A total of 97 hydrographic stations were occupied. Hydrographic and chemical measurements made along WOCE Sections P17S and P16S included pressure, temperature, salinity, and oxygen measured by conductivity, temperature and depth sensor; bottle salinity; oxygen; phosphate; nitrate; nitrite; silicate; CFC-12; CFC- 11; TCO{sub 2}; TALK; and pCO{sub 2} measured at 20{degrees}C. The TCO{sub 2} concentration in 1000 seawater samples was determined with a coulometric analysis system, the pCO{sub 2} in 940 water samples was determined with an equilibrator/gas chromatograph system, while the TALK concentration in 139 samples was determined on shore at the laboratory of C. Goyet of Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution with an alkalinity titration system. In addition, 156 coulometric measurements for the Certified Reference Material (Batch {number_sign}6) were made and yielded a mean value of 2303.2 {plus_minus} 1.5 {mu}mol/kg. This mean value agrees within a standard deviation of the 2304.6 {plus_minus} 1.6 {mu}mol/kg (N=9) value determined with the manometer of C. D. Keeling at Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO). Replicate samples from 11 Niskin bottles at 4 stations were also collected for later shore-based reference analyses of TCO{sub 2} and TALK by vacuum extraction and manometry in the laboratory of C. D. Keeling of SIO.

NONE

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

210

Subantarctic Mode Water formation : air-sea fluxes and cross-frontal exchange  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Front in the southeast Pacific Ocean, with mean profilesCO2 in the Pacific ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 16.surface layer in the Pacific ocean. J. Geophysical Research-

Holte, James

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Measured electric hot water standby and demand loads from Pacific Northwest homes. End-Use Load and Consumer Assessment Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Bonneville Power Administration began the End-Use Load and Consumer Assessment Program (ELCAP) in 1983 to obtain metered hourly end-use consumption data for a large sample of new and existing residential and commercial buildings in the Pacific Northwest. Loads and load shapes from the first 3 years of data fro each of several ELCAP residential studies representing various segments of the housing population have been summarized by Pratt et al. The analysis reported here uses the ELCAP data to investigate in much greater detail the relationship of key occupant and tank characteristics to the consumption of electricity for water heating. The hourly data collected provides opportunities to understand electricity consumption for heating water and to examine assumptions about water heating that are critical to load forecasting and conservation resource assessments. Specific objectives of this analysis are to: (A) determine the current baseline for standby heat losses by determining the standby heat loss of each hot water tank in the sample, (B) examine key assumptions affecting standby heat losses such as hot water temperatures and tank sizes and locations, (C) estimate, where possible, impacts on standby heat losses by conservation measures such as insulating tank wraps, pipe wraps, anticonvection valves or traps, and insulating bottom boards, (D) estimate the EF-factors used by the federal efficiency standards and the nominal R-values of the tanks in the sample, (E) develop estimates of demand for hot water for each home in the sample by subtracting the standby load from the total hot water load, (F) examine the relationship between the ages and number of occupants and the hot water demand, (G) place the standby and demand components of water heating electricity consumption in perspective with the total hot water load and load shape.

Pratt, R.G.; Ross, B.A.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 40, 14091414, doi:10.1002/grl.50287, 2013 Southern Ocean bottom water characteristics in CMIP5 models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

15 April 2013. [1] Southern Ocean deep water properties and formation processes in climate models Project Phase 5) climate models are compared with an observed climatology, focusing on bottom water, most models create deep water by open ocean deep convection, a process occurring rarely in reality

Matthews, Adrian

213

Tier 1 ecological evaluation of proposed discharge of dredged material from Oakland Harbor into ocean waters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Water Resources Development Act of 1986 (Public Law 99--662) authorized the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) -- San Francisco District, to accommodate larger, deeper draft vessels in Oakland inner and Outer Harbors by deepening and widening the existing navigation channel, and providing turning basins and maneuvering areas in Oakland inner Harbor. The suitability of the resulting dredged material for disposal into ocean waters was subject to the procedures of the 1991 Testing Manual, Evaluation of Dredged Material Proposed for Ocean Disposal, known as the ``Green Book``. The Green Book provides a tiered approach for testing the suitability of dredged materials through chemical, physical, and biological evaluations. The first level of investigation, or Tier 1 evaluation, is used to determine whether a decision on LPC compliance can be made on the basis of readily available information. The Tier 1 report primarily summarizes existing information on sediment contamination and toxicity potential, identifies contaminants of concern, and determines the need for further testing. To assist the USACE in determining the suitability of dredged material from Oakland inner and Outer Harbors for ocean disposal, Battelle/Marine Sciences Laboratory prepared this Tier 1 report based upon information and data provided by USACE. Because this Tier 1 report originated well after an LPC determination was made to require testing of project sediments in Tier 3, the primary purpose of this report was to identify contaminants of concern (if any) in that particular dredged material. In addition, this Tier 1 report summarizes available information on chemical, physical, and biological characterization of the sediments in Oakland inner and Outer Harbors.

Shreffler, D.K.; Thorn, R.M.; Walls, B.E.; Word, J.Q. [Battelle/Marine Sciences Lab., Sequim, WA (United States)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Caribbean and Pacific moisture sources on the Isthmus of Panama revealed from stalagmite and surface water d18  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Caribbean and Pacific moisture sources on the Isthmus of Panama revealed from stalagmite values from Panama and Costa Rica. The d18 O values decrease with distance from the Caribbean Sea a contribution of both Caribbean and Pacific sourced moisture to the isthmus. We estimated the Pacific moisture

Asmerom, Yemane

215

Recommendations for the Next President Pacific Institute Fresh Water: Threats and Opportunities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resources are growing and conflicts among water users are worsening. In the United States, wasteful use water scarcity or contamination. States and local governments need help; border states, in particular guidance and direction on the appropriate role of the United States in addressing national water issues

216

Water resources data for Hawaii and other Pacific areas, water year 1989. Volume 2. Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, federated states of Micronesia, Palau, and American Samoa. Water-data report (Annual), 1 October 1988-30 September 1989  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Water-resources data for the 1989 water year for other Pacific areas consist of records of discharge, and water quality of streams and stage of a lake and reservoir; water levels and water quality in wells; stage in a tide gage; and rainfall. This report volume 2 contains discharge records for 26 gaging stations; stage only for 2 gaging stations; water quality at 11 gaging stations, one streamflow partial record station, and 54 wells; water levels for 28 observations wells; and tide stages for one tide gage station. Also included are 2 crest-stage partial record stations, 4 miscellaneous partial-record stations, 15 low-flow partial-record stations, and 19 rainfall stations.

Fontaine, R.A.; Kunishige, V.E.; Lum, M.G.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Reconstruction of stratified steady water waves from pressure readings on the ocean bed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consider a two-dimensional stratified solitary wave propagating through a body of water that is bounded below by an impermeable ocean bed. In this work, we study how such a wave can be reconstructed from data consisting of the wave speed, upstream and downstream density profile, and the trace of the pressure on the bed. First, we prove that this data uniquely determines the wave, both in the (real) analytic and Sobolev regimes. Second, for waves that consist of multiple layers of constant density immiscible fluids, we provide an exact formula describing each of the interfaces in terms of the data. Finally, for continuously stratified fluids, we detail a reconstruction scheme based on approximation by layer-wise constant density flows.

Chen, Robin Ming

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Reconstruction of stratified steady water waves from pressure readings on the ocean bed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consider a two-dimensional stratified solitary wave propagating through a body of water that is bounded below by an impermeable ocean bed. In this work, we study how such a wave can be reconstructed from data consisting of the wave speed, upstream and downstream density profile, and the trace of the pressure on the bed. First, we prove that this data uniquely determines the wave, both in the (real) analytic and Sobolev regimes. Second, for waves that consist of multiple layers of constant density immiscible fluids, we provide an exact formula describing each of the interfaces in terms of the data. Finally, for continuously stratified fluids, we detail a reconstruction scheme based on approximation by layer-wise constant density flows.

Robin Ming Chen; Samuel Walsh

2015-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

219

A Passive Probe for Subsurface Oceans and Liquid Water in Jupiter's Icy Moons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe an interferometric reflectometer method for passive detection of subsurface oceans and liquid water in Jovian icy moons using Jupiter's decametric radio emission (DAM). The DAM flux density exceeds 3,000 times the galactic background in the neighborhood of the Jovian icy moons, providing a signal that could be used for passive radio sounding. An instrument located between the icy moon and Jupiter could sample the DAM emission along with its echoes reflected in the ice layer of the target moon. Cross-correlating the direct emission with the echoes would provide a measurement of the ice shell thickness along with its dielectric properties. The interferometric reflectometer provides a simple solution to sub-Jovian radio sounding of ice shells that is complementary to ice penetrating radar measurements better suited to measurements in the anti-Jovian hemisphere that shadows Jupiter's strong decametric emission. The passive nature of this technique also serves as risk reduction in case of radar transmi...

Romero-Wolf, Andrew; Maiwald, Frank; Heggy, Essam; Ries, Paul; Liewer, Kurt

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

asian pacific neural: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of 27 Ocean-atmosphere-land feedbacks on the western North Pacific-East Asian summer climate Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: limiting poleward extent of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

100 kW CC-OTEC Plant and Deep Ocean water Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the electric grid for the first time in 15 years in the world. #12;IOES (Institute of Ocean Energy, Saga Univ.) Experiments and Demonstration by IOES (Institute of Ocean Energy, Saga University) 30 kW Electricity Construction, Xenesys, Yokogawa Electric JV Institute of Ocean Energy, Saga University Commission Cooperation

222

Central Equatorial Pacific Experiment (CEPEX). Design document  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Earth`s climate has varied significantly in the past, yet climate records reveal that in the tropics, sea surface temperatures seem to have been remarkably stable, varying by less than a few degrees Celsius over geologic time. Today, the large warm pool of the western Pacific shows similar characteristics. Its surface temperature always exceeds 27{degree}C, but never 31{degree}C. Heightened interest in this observation has been stimulated by questions of global climate change and the exploration of stabilizing climate feedback processes. Efforts to understand the observed weak sensitivity of tropical sea surface temperatures to climate forcing has led to a number of competing ideas about the nature of this apparent thermostat. Although there remains disagreement on the processes that regulate tropical sea surface temperature, most agree that further progress in resolving these differences requires comprehensive field observations of three-dimensional water vapor concentrations, solar and infrared radiative fluxes, surface fluxes of heat and water vapor, and cloud microphysical properties. This document describes the Central Equatorial Pacific Experiment (CEPEX) plan to collect such observations over the central equatorial Pacific Ocean during March of 1993.

Not Available

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Deep ocean clay crusts: behaviour and biological origin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Deep ocean clay crusts: behaviour and biological origin Matthew Yih-Han Kuo Kings College University of Cambridge A dissertation submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy February 2011 To Kirsty, Mum, Dad and Ivana . . . observe the small... , the deep Pacific and the Peru Margin. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 3.1 Water content and liquid limit measurements taken from box and STACOR core samples confirming measurements by Fugro (also shown). . . . . . . . . . . 23 3...

Kuo, Matthew Yih-Han

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

224

Ecological evaluation of proposed discharge of dredged material from Oakland Harbor into ocean waters (Phase 3 A of -42-foot project)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Battelle/Marine Sciences Laboratory (MSL) conducted a study to determine whether dredged sediments from Oakland Inner and Outer Harbors were suitable for ocean disposal. Nineteen test treatments, six reference treatments, and three control treatments were tested for physical/chemical parameters, water column effects, dredged- sediment toxicity, and bioaccumulation potential. Physical/chemical parameters were analyzed at each site and each composite sediment to a depth of -44 ft MLLW. These parameters included analysis for geological characteristics, conventional sediment measurements (grain size, total volatile solids, total organic carbon, oil and grease, and total petroleum hydrocarbons), metals,, polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), pesticides, butyltins, and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Physical/chemical data were used in support of the toxicological and bioaccumulation testing, but were not used in the decision-making criteria described in the Draft Implementation manual under Tier III testing. To evaluate water column effects, MSL conducted suspended-particulate-phase (SPP) test using the mysid shrimp Holmesimysis sculpta, speckled sanddab citharichtys stigmaeus, and larvae of the pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas. Both a 48-h and a 96-h test were performed. The MSL evaluated dredged-sediment toxicity by conducting a total of eight solid-phase toxicity tests using the following organisms: the bivalve clam Macoma nasuta, the polychaete worm Nepthys caecoides, the speckled sanddab C. stigmaeus, and the amphipod Rhepoxynius abronius. Test duration ranged from 10 to 28 days. Bioaccumulation potential was evaluated in the 28-day M. Nasuta and N. caecoides solid-phase exposures by measuring the contaminants of concern present in their tissues after exposure to test, reference, and control sediments. This report contains the data and test results.

Ward, J.A.; Word, J.Q.; Pinza, M.R.; Mayhew, H.L.; Barrows, E.S.; Lefkovitz, L.F. (Battelle/Marine Sciences Lab., Sequim, WA (United States))

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Sustainable PNNL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Sustainable PNNL Sustainability at Pacific Northwest National of sustainability throughout our research and operations: environmental stewardship ­ minimizing use of water with the core principles of sustainability. Our success at incorporating sustainability into our work

226

Lecture 4. Ocean vertical structure and property distributions The ocean is an interesting fluid system because it is a three-dimensional body of water that  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from 0.6 to 0.7). Thus the ocean is very efficient at absorbing solar radiation. It is perhaps are obtained remotely from satellites based on infrared radiation that is emitted from the ocean surfaceLecture 4. Ocean vertical structure and property distributions The ocean is an interesting fluid

Thompson, Andrew

227

LEG 142 PRELIMINARY REPORT OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LEG 142 PRELIMINARY REPORT OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM ENGINEERING PRELIMINARY REPORT NO. 3 EAST PACIFIC RISE 1992 #12;OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 142 PRELIMINARY REPORT East Pacific Rise Dr. Rodey Batiza Co 96822 Mr. Michael A. Storms Operations Superintendent/ Assistant Manager of Engineering and Drilling

228

Multidecadal Warming and Shoaling of Antarctic Intermediate Water* SUNKE SCHMIDTKO AND GREGORY C. JOHNSON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. JOHNSON National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Seattle

Johnson, Gregory C.

229

Fiscal Year 2007 Annual Report Integrated Ocean Drilling Program U.S. Implementing Organization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INDIAN OCEAN PACIFIC OCEAN ATLANTIC OCEAN ARCTIC OCEAN SOUTHERN OCEAN 0° 120°E 150° 87°30' 88°00' N M0001Fiscal Year 2007 Annual Report Integrated Ocean Drilling Program · U.S. Implementing Organization­M0004 180° ESO USIO IODP Phase 1 Drill Sites, Expeditions 301­312 #12;Integrated Ocean Drilling

230

Predictability and Diagnosis of Low Frequency Climate Processes in the Pacific, Final Technical Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The report summarized recent findings with respect to Predictability and Diagnosis of Low Frequency Climate Processes in the Pacific, with focus on the dynamics of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation, oceanic adjustments and the coupled feedback in the western boundary current of the North and South Pacific, decadal dynamics of oceanic salinity, and tropical processes with emphasis on the Indonesian Throughflow.

Niklas Schneider

2009-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

231

E-Print Network 3.0 - asia pacific symposium Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

on the North Pacific... :ss.myg.affrc.go.jp), PICES (http:www.pices.int), Global Ocean Ecosystem Dynamics (GLOBEC, http:www.globec.org), the Asia... Pacific Network for...

232

OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 202 SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 202 SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS SOUTHEAST PACIFIC PALEOCEANOGRAPHIC TRANSECTS __________________ Dr. Jack Baldauf Deputy Director of Science Operations Ocean Drilling Program Texas A&M University Manager and Staff Scientist Ocean Drilling Program Texas A&M University 1000 Discovery Drive College

233

www.hboi.fau.edu Ocean Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

www.hboi.fau.edu Ocean Energy Collaboration: A Charge for Engineers BULLETIN Summer 2012 Beginning the State of Florida provided $5 million to establish the Center for Ocean Energy Technology at FAU. In 2010 to ocean energy research; the others are in Hawaii and the Pacific Northwest. Bill Baxley is the SNMREC

Fernandez, Eduardo

234

The deep-ocean heat uptake in transient climate change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The deep-ocean heat uptake (DOHU) in transient climate changes is studied using an ocean general circulation model (OGCM) and its adjoint. The model configuration consists of idealized Pacific and Atlantic basins. The model ...

Huang, Boyin.; Stone, Peter H.; Sokolov, Andrei P.; Kamenkovich, Igor V.

235

The hydrological cycle tirelessly distributes water between land, ocean, atmosphere and cryosphere. Stefan Hagemann and his colleagues at the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

substance across the globe, but they also carry along thermal energy in the process ­ albeit hidden into liquid water or freezes to form ice. Conversely, energy input is necessary for ice to melt or sublimeThe hydrological cycle tirelessly distributes water between land, ocean, atmosphere and cryosphere

236

NEW VIEW of the young earth covered in oceans of liquid water as early as 4.4 billion years ago  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sun. Averaging 75 times the speed of sound, each impactor scorched the surface--shattering, meltingNEW VIEW of the young earth covered in oceans of liquid water as early as 4.4 billion years ago into a crust, before continents could form, be- fore the dense, steamy atmosphere could pool as liquid water

Carlson, Anders

237

PHYTOPLANKTON DYNAMICS IN OCEANIC WATERS OFF KE-AHOLE POINT, Hawaii  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Phytoplankton activity in an oligotrophic environment was studied on six cruises over a 14-month period. Phytoplankton biomass and productivity displayed considerable temporal variability despite the relative constancy of the physical and chemical environment. No evidence of seasonality or diurnal variability in phytoplankton biomass was observed. Annual average (+ s.d.) depth-integrated values (0-260 m) for chlorophyll a, phaeopigment, ATP, and primary productivity were 24.55 + 10.31 mg {center_dot} m{sup -2}, 11.81 + 7.20 mg {center_dot} m{sup -2}, 3.00 + 1.78 mg {center_dot} m{sup -2}, and 8.79 + 7.82 mg C {center_dot} m{sup -2}, h{sup -1}, respectively; over the year these parameters were seen to vary over ranges of 3X, 6X, 10X, and 26X, respectively. The mean depths of the chlorophyll and phaeopigment maxima were 85 + 9 m and 95 + 11 m, respectively; the pheopigment maximum was always located at or below that of chlorophyll. Size fractionation studies showed that at this oceanic station about 80% of the phytoplankton biomass occurred in the < 5 {micro}m fraction. Low ambient nutrient levels were typical at the depth of the chlorophyll maximum, indicating that nutrient assimilation was actively occurring in that layer. Elevated nutrient levels were typical at the deeper phaeopigment maximum layer. The results of sinking rate and size fractionation experiments, together with evidence of physiological viability in this layer suggest that phytoplankton sinking and possibly its association with the nutrient regime influence the accumulation of biomass in this region. Productivity biomass ratios (mg carbon {center_dot} mg chlorophyll a{sup -1} {center_dot} h{sup -1}) were consistently low and indicative of strong nutrient limitation. Variations in phytoplankton biomass did not account (p > 0.10) for the high variability in photosynthetic activity among the six site visits; neither did the slopes or upper depth limits of the nitrate or phosphate gradients (as indicators of the supply rate of new nutrients) show any correlation (p > 0.10) with the observed primary productivity. There were significant correlations (p < 0.01) between depth-integrated phaeopigment stocks and integrated primary production (r = 0.92), and between integrated phaeopigments and integrated ammonium levels (r = 0.80). It is postulated that variations in the supply of regenerated nutrients via grazing (indexed by phaeopigments) were primarily responsible for the observed temporal variability in photosynthesis. Indications of a close coupling between grazing and phytoplankton activity in these waters is supportive evidence for the commonly held belief that animal excretion products are significant sources of nutrients for phytoplankton in oligotrophic systems. The observed relationship between phaeopigments and primary production may be related in part to the predominance of small cells in this phytoplankton community since the latter are probably grazed by small filter feeders which produce amorphous, slow-sinking, rather than encapsulated, fast-sinking fecal material.

Bienfang, P.K.; Szyper, J.P.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Ocean and Resources Engineering is the application of ocean science and engineering to the challenging conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

engineering, mixing and transport, water quality, ocean thermal energy conversion, hydrogen. GENO PAWLAK

Frandsen, Jannette B.

239

Oceanic Trace Gases Numeric Data Packages from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

CDIAC products include numeric data packages, publications, trend data, atlases, models, etc. and can be searched for by subject area, keywords, authors, product numbers, time periods, collection sites, spatial references, etc. Most data sets or packages, many with numerous data files, are free to download from CDIAC's ftp area. CDIAC lists the following numeric data packages under the broad heading of Oceanic Trace Gases: Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained during the R/V Ronald H. Brown Repeat Hydrography Cruise in the Atlantic Ocean: CLIVAR CO2 Section A16S_2005 ( 01/11/05 - 022405) Determination of Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Parameters during the R/V Nathaniel B. Palmer Cruise in the Southern Indian Ocean (WOCE Section S04I, 050396 - 070496) Inorganic Carbon, Nutrient, and Oxygen Data from the R/V Ronald H. Brown Repeat Hydrography Cruise in the Atlantic Ocean: CLIVAR CO2 Section A16N_2003a (060403 081103) Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained During the R/V Maurice Ewing Cruise in the Atlantic Ocean (WOCE Section A17, 010494 - 032194) Global Ocean Data Analysis Project GLODAP: Results and Data Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained During the R/V Knorr Cruises in the North Atlantic Ocean on WOCE Sections AR24 (1102 120596) and A24, A20, and A22 (053097 090397) Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic and Chemical Data Obtained During the Nine R/V Knorr Cruises Comprising the Indian Ocean CO2 Survey (WOCE Sections I8SI9S, I9N, I8NI5E, I3, I5WI4, I7N, I1, I10, and I2; 120 194 012296) Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained During the R/V Meteor Cruise 28/1 in the South Atlantic Ocean (WOCE Section A8, 032994 - 051294) Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained During the R/V Knorr Cruise 138-3, -4, and -5 in the South Pacific Ocean (WOCE Sections P6E, P6C, and P6W, 050292 - 073092) Global Distribution of Total Inorganic Carbon and Total Alkalinity below the deepest winter mixed layer depths Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained During the R/V John V. Vickers Cruise in the Pacific Ocean (WOCE Section P13, NOAA CGC92 Cruise, 080492 102192) Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained During the R/V Hesperides Cruise in the Atlantic Ocean (WOCE Section A5, 071492 - 081592) Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained During the R/V Thomas G. Thompson Cruise in the Pacific Ocean (WOCE Section P10, 100593 111093) The International Intercomparison Exercise of Underway fCO2 Systems during the R/V Meteor Cruise 36/1 in the North Atlantic Ocean Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained during the R/V Meteor Cruise 22/5 in the South Atlantic Ocean (WOCE Section A10, Dec. 1992-Jan, 1993) Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained in the South Pacific Ocean (WOCE Sections P16A/P17A, P17E/P19S, and P19C, R/V Knorr , Oct. 1992-April 1993) Surface Water and Atmospheric Underway Carbon Data Obtained During the World Ocean Circulation Experiment Indian Ocean Survey Cruises (R/V Knorr, Dec. 1994 Jan, 1996) Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained During the R/V Akademik Ioffe Cruise in the South Pacific Ocean (WOCE Section S4P, Feb.-April 1992) Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained During the R/V Thomas Washington Cruise TUNES-1 in the Equatorial Pacific Ocean (WOCE section P17C) Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained During the R/V Thomas Washington Cruise TUNES-3 in the Equatorial Pacific Ocean (WOCE section P16C) Carbon-14 Measurements in Surface Water CO2 from the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans, 1965-1994 Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained During R/V Meteor Cruise 18/1 in the North Atlantic Ocean (WOCE Section A1E) Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained in the Central South Pacific Ocean (WOCE Sections P17S and P16S) during the TUNES-2 Expedition of the R/V Th

240

Warming of Global Abyssal and Deep Southern Ocean Waters between the 1990s and 2000s: Contributions to Global Heat and Sea Level Rise Budgets*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Warming of Global Abyssal and Deep Southern Ocean Waters between the 1990s and 2000s: Contributions of recent warming of these regions in global heat and sea level budgets. The authors 1) compute warming produces a 0.053 (60.017) mm yr21 increase in global average sea level and the deep warming south

Johnson, Gregory C.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Ocean Water Vapor and Cloud Burden Trends Derived from the Topex Microwave Radiometer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

algorithm is a log-linear regression algorithm with coefficients that are stratified by wind speed and water. TMR OBSERVATIONS The TMR flew in a 10-day non-sun-synchronous exact repeat orbit with an inclination

Ruf, Christopher

242

Modeling the Physical and Biochemical Influence of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Plant Discharges into their Adjacent Waters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the modeling work by Makai Ocean Engineering, Inc. to simulate the biochemical effects of of the nutrient-enhanced seawater plumes that are discharged by one or several 100 megawatt OTEC plants. The modeling is needed to properly design OTEC plants that can operate sustainably with acceptably low biological impact. In order to quantify the effect of discharge configuration and phytoplankton response, Makai Ocean Engineering implemented a biological and physical model for the waters surrounding O`ahu, Hawai`i, using the EPA-approved Environmental Fluid Dynamics Code (EFDC). Each EFDC grid cell was approximately 1 square kilometer by 20 meters deep, and used a time step of three hours. The biological model was set up to simulate the biochemical response for three classes of organisms: Picoplankton (< 2 um) such as prochlorococccus, nanoplankton (2-20 um), and microplankton (> 20 um) e.g., diatoms. The dynamic biological phytoplankton model was calibrated using chemical and biological data collected for the Hawaii Ocean Time Series (HOTS) project. Peer review of the biological modeling was performed. The physical oceanography model uses boundary conditions from a surrounding Hawai'i Regional Ocean Model, (ROM) operated by the University of Hawai`i and the National Atmospheric and Oceanic Administration. The ROM provided tides, basin scale circulation, mesoscale variability, and atmospheric forcing into the edges of the EFDC computational domain. This model is the most accurate and sophisticated Hawai'ian Regional Ocean Model presently available, assimilating real-time oceanographic observations, as well as model calibration based upon temperature, current and salinity data collected during 2010 near the simulated OTEC site. The ROM program manager peer-reviewed Makai's implementation of the ROM output into our EFDC model. The supporting oceanographic data was collected for a Naval Facilities Engineering Command / Makai project. Results: The model was run for a 100 MW OTEC Plant consisting of four separate ducts, discharging a total combined flow rate of 420 m3/s of warm water and 320 m3/s of cold water in a mixed discharge at 70 meters deep. Each duct was assumed to have a discharge port diameter of 10.5m producing a downward discharge velocity of about 2.18 m/s. The natural system, as measured in the HOTS program, has an average concentration of 10-15 mgC/m3. To calibrate the biological model, we first ran the model with no OTEC plant and varied biological parameters until the simulated data was a good match to the HOTS observations. This modeling showed that phytoplankton concentration were patchy and highly dynamic. The patchiness was a good match with the data variability observed within the HOTS data sets. We then ran the model with simulated OTEC intake and discharge flows and associated nutrients. Directly under the OTEC plant, the near-field plume has an average terminal depth of 172 meters, with a volumetric dilution of 13:1. The average terminal plume temperature was 19.8oC. Nitrate concentrations are 1 to 2 umol/kg above ambient. The advecting plume then further dilutes to less than 1 umol/kg above ambient within a few kilometers downstream, while remaining at depth. Because this terminal near-field plume is well below the 1% light limited depths (~120m), no immediate biological utilization of the nutrients occurs. As the nitrate is advected and dispersed downstream, a fraction of the deep ocean nutrients (< 0.5 umol/kg perturbation) mix upward where they are utilized by the ambient phytoplankton population. This occurs approximately twenty-five kilometers downstream from the plant at 110 - 70 meters depth. For pico-phytoplankton, modeling results indicate that this nutrient perturbation causes a phytoplankton perturbation of approximately 1 mgC/m3 (~10% of average ambient concentrations) that covers an area 10x5 km in size at the 70 to 90m depth. Thus, the perturbations are well within the natural variability of the system, generally corresponding to a 10 to 15% increase above the a

PAT GRANDELLI, P.E.; GREG ROCHELEAU; JOHN HAMRICK, Ph.D.; MATT CHURCH, Ph.D.; BRIAN POWELL, Ph.D.

2012-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

243

Measurements and simulations of polarization states of underwater light in clear oceanic waters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Remote Sensing Laboratory, The City College of the City University of New York, New York, New York 10031 under various atmospheric, surface, and water conditions, as well as solar and viewing geometries solar elevation. This implies that animals can use the DoLP signal for orientation. © 2011 Optical

Cummings, Molly E.

244

Global relationships of total alkalinity with salinity and temperature in surface waters of the world's oceans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global relationships of total alkalinity with salinity and temperature in surface waters, R. A. Feely, and R. M. Key (2006), Global relationships of total alkalinity with salinity 35)2 + d (SST ? 20) + e (SST ? 20)2 fits surface total alkalinity (AT) data for each of five

245

Ocean Conditions, Salmon, and Climate Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ocean Conditions, Salmon, and Climate Change John Ferguson1 NOAA Fisheries Northwest Fisheries're finding - adult forecasts and climate change) #12;1. Past (for context) · The coastal pelagic ecosystem/survival #12;NE Pacific Ocean fisheries productivity, 200 BC to 2000 AD (by Finney et al. 2002 Nature) Main

246

OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 132 PRELIMINARY REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 132 PRELIMINARY REPORT ENGINEERING II: WESTERN AND CENTRAL PACIFIC Mr. Michael A. Storms Supervisor of Development Engineering Ocean Drilling Program Texas A&M University and Drilling Operations ODP/TAMU Timothy J.G. Francis Deputy Director ODP/TAMU September 1990 #12;This informal

247

OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 191 SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 191 SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS NORTHWEST PACIFIC SEISMIC OBSERVATORY AND HAMMER DRILL ENGINEERING TESTS Dr. Toshihiko Kanazawa Co-Chief Scientist Earthquake Research Institute Director of Science Operations Ocean Drilling Program Texas A&M University 1000 Discovery Drive College

248

OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 132 ENGINEERING PROSPECTUS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 132 ENGINEERING PROSPECTUS WESTERN AND CENTRAL PACIFIC Mr. Michael A. Storms Supervisor of Development Engineering Ocean Drilling Program Texas A & M University College Manager of Engineering and Drilling Operations ODP/TAMU Louis E. Garrison Deputy Director ODP

249

Asia Pacific Clean Energy International OTEC Symposium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in 2013 · NELHA Ocean Energy Research Center ­ Continued Heat Exchanger deployment & testing in relevantAsia Pacific Clean Energy Summit International OTEC Symposium Developer's Perspective Round Table · Invests in green related industries, products and services ­ property, new energy, aviation, agriculture

250

Air-sea interaction at contrasting sites in the Eastern Tropical Pacific : mesoscale variability and atmospheric convection at 10N  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The role of ocean dynamics in driving air-sea interaction is examined at two contrasting sites on 125W in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean using data from the Pan American Climate Study (PACS) field program. Analysis ...

Farrar, J. Thomas (John Thomas), 1976-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

MFR PAPER 1279 The Pacific Northwest Commercial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Ecology of shad and striped bass in coastal rivers and estuaries. Man- age. Res. Div., Fish Comm. OregMFR PAPER 1279 The Pacific Northwest Commercial Fishery for Striped Bass, 1922-74 NORMAN B. PARKS The striped bass, Morone saxatilis, is a native of the east coast and was introduced in Pacific waters

252

COMPOUND-SPECIFIC RADIOCARBON ANALYSES OF PHOSPHOLIPID FATTYACIDS AND n -ALKANES IN OCEAN SEDIMENTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monica Basin surface sediment: a model based on compound-ACIDS AND n-ALKANES IN OCEAN SEDIMENTS Ellen R M Druffel 1 organic matter in ocean sediments from the northeast Pacific

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Compound-Specific Radiocarbon Analyses of Phospholipid Fatty Acids and n-Alkanes in Ocean Sediments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monica Basin surface sediment: a model based on compound-ACIDS AND n-ALKANES IN OCEAN SEDIMENTS Ellen R M Druffel 1 organic matter in ocean sediments from the northeast Pacific

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Introduction The Pacific ocean shrimp, Pandalus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, MICHELLE C. HORECZKO, MICHAEL W. PRALL, TOM J. MASON, BRIAN C. OWENS, and STEPHEN P. WERTZ Adam J. Frimodig, Eureka, CA 95501. Michelle C. Horeczko, Tom J. Mason, Brian C. Owens, and Stephen P. Wertz

255

Water vapor and temperature inversions near the 0 deg C level over the tropical western Pacific. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the Intensive Observation Period (IOP), several periods of water vapor and temperature inversions near the 0 deg C level were observed. Satellite and radiosonde data from TOGA COARE are used to document the large-scale conditions and thermodynamic and kinematic structures present during three extended periods in which moisture and temperature inversions near the freezing level were very pronounced. Observations from each case are synthesized into schematics which represent typical structures of the inversion phenomena. Frequency distributions of the inversion phenomena along with climatological humidity and temperature profiles are calculated for the four-month IOP.

Hart, K.A.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

A DNS capability for obtaining underwater light field and retrieving upper ocean conditions via in-water light measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Predicting the ocean surface conditions (surface elevation, temperature, wind speed, etc.) becomes more and more important for both real life and military applications. This thesis presents a direct numerical simulation ...

Xu, Zao, Mech. E. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

The ocean covers 71 percent of the Earth's surface and contains 97 percent of the planet's water. It  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to construct and navigate a fleet of unmanned underwater vehicles on a global mission of discovery trans-Atlantic underwater glider flight in 2009, when an undersea robot continuously charted ocean data

Goodman, Robert M.

258

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion LUIS A. VEGA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion LUIS A. VEGA Hawaii Natural Energy Institute, School of Ocean depths of 20 m (surface water) and 1,000 m. OTEC Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion, the process of converting the ocean thermal energy into electricity. OTEC transfer function The relationship between

259

Climate change in the Pacific North America region over the past millennium : development and application of novel geochemical tracers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2003) North Pacific intermediate water response to a moderndecadal changes in intermediate water masses a signature offrom tree rings. J. Amer. Water Res. Assoc. Mestas-Nuez,

Roach, Lydia Darcy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Diatom species composition and abundance in water column assemblages from five drill sites in Prydz Bay, Antarctica, Ocean Drilling Program Leg 119: distributional patterns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Maersk Master cruise (ODP Leg 119). A) Site 739, Sta. 1, B) Site 740, St. 8, C)Site 742, St. 11. 104 53. Comparison of mean cell numbers of total empty diatoms between HPMA technique and Utermohl technique 105 54. Comparison of mean cell numbers...DIATOM SPECIES COMPOSITION AND ABUNDANCE IN WATER COLUMN ASSEMBLAGES FROM FIVE DRILL SITES IN PRYDZ BAY, ANTARCTICA, OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 119: DISTRIBUTIONAL PATTERNS A Thesis by SUNG-HO KANG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies...

Kang, Sung-Ho

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Design and testing of a deep sea formation water and temeperature sampling probe for the Ocean Drilling Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Components were then fabricated by a local machine shop. All components under went quality inspection and were then assembled. Full scale testing at the Ocean Drilling Programs Annex is the next step. If successful, the probe is to undergo sea trials...

Fisseler, Patrick James

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

262

Flexible ocean upwelling pipe  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In an ocean thermal energy conversion facility, a cold water riser pipe is releasably supported at its upper end by the hull of the floating facility. The pipe is substantially vertical and has its lower end far below the hull above the ocean floor. The pipe is defined essentially entirely of a material which has a modulus of elasticity substantially less than that of steel, e.g., high density polyethylene, so that the pipe is flexible and compliant to rather than resistant to applied bending moments. The position of the lower end of the pipe relative to the hull is stabilized by a weight suspended below the lower end of the pipe on a flexible line. The pipe, apart from the weight, is positively buoyant. If support of the upper end of the pipe is released, the pipe sinks to the ocean floor, but is not damaged as the length of the line between the pipe and the weight is sufficient to allow the buoyant pipe to come to a stop within the line length after the weight contacts the ocean floor, and thereafter to float submerged above the ocean floor while moored to the ocean floor by the weight. The upper end of the pipe, while supported by the hull, communicates to a sump in the hull in which the water level is maintained below the ambient water level. The sump volume is sufficient to keep the pipe full during heaving of the hull, thereby preventing collapse of the pipe.

Person, Abraham (Los Alamitos, CA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Oceanic nutrient and oxygen transports and bounds on export production during the World Ocean Circulation Experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of intense climate interest. A large fraction of the carbon fixed in the oceanic surface waters is recycledOceanic nutrient and oxygen transports and bounds on export production during the World Ocean are estimated from selected hydrographic sections from the World Ocean Circulation Experiment spanning the world

Wunsch, Carl

264

Horizontal stirring in the global ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Horizontal mixing and the distribution of coherent structures in the global ocean are analyzed using Finite-Size Lyapunov Exponents (FSLE), computed for the surface velocity field derived from the Ocean general circulation model For the Earth Simulator (OFES). FSLEs measure horizontal stirring and dispersion; additionally, the transport barriers which organize the oceanic flow can roughly be identified with the ridges of the FSLE field. We have performed a detailed statistical study, particularizing for the behaviour of the two hemispheres and different ocean basins. The computed Probability Distributions Functions (PDFs) of FSLE are broad and asymmetric. Horizontal mixing is generally more active in the northern hemisphere than in the southern one. Nevertheless the Southern Ocean is the most active ocean, and the Pacific the less active one. A striking result is that the main currents can be classified in two 'activity classes': Western Boundary Currents, which have broad PDFs with large FSLE values, and Eas...

Hernndez-Carrasco, I; Hernndez-Garca, E; Turiel, A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Ecological evaluation of proposed discharge of dredged material from Oakland Harbor into ocean waters (Phase 3 B of -42-foot project)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Water Resources Development Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-662) authorized the US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) San Francisco District, to deepen and widen the navigational channels of the Oakland Inner and Outer Harbors to accomodate deeper-draft vessels. The USACE is considering several disposal options for the dredged material removed during these channel improvements including open-water disposal. Dredged material proposed for open-water disposal must be evaluated to determine the potential impacts of the disposal activity on the water column and disposal site enviromments. The USACE requested that Battelle/Marine Sciences Laboratory (MSL) conduct studies to evaluate open-water disposal options for Oakland Harbor sediments. This request developed into the Oakland Harbor Phase III Program. This is Volume 1 of a two-volume report that presents information gathered to determine the suitability of ocean disposal of sediments dredged from Oakland Harbor. This volume contains project background, materials and methods, results, discussion, and conclusions.

Kohn, N.P.; Ward, J.A.; Mayhew, H.L.; Word, J.Q.; Barrows, E.S.; Goodwin, S.M.; Lefkovitz, L.F. (Battelle/Marine Sciences Lab., Sequim, WA (United States))

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Ecological evaluation of proposed discharge of dredged material from Oakland Harbor into ocean waters (Phase 3 B of -42-foot project). Volume 1, Analyses and discussion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Water Resources Development Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-662) authorized the US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) San Francisco District, to deepen and widen the navigational channels of the Oakland Inner and Outer Harbors to accomodate deeper-draft vessels. The USACE is considering several disposal options for the dredged material removed during these channel improvements including open-water disposal. Dredged material proposed for open-water disposal must be evaluated to determine the potential impacts of the disposal activity on the water column and disposal site enviromments. The USACE requested that Battelle/Marine Sciences Laboratory (MSL) conduct studies to evaluate open-water disposal options for Oakland Harbor sediments. This request developed into the Oakland Harbor Phase III Program. This is Volume 1 of a two-volume report that presents information gathered to determine the suitability of ocean disposal of sediments dredged from Oakland Harbor. This volume contains project background, materials and methods, results, discussion, and conclusions.

Kohn, N.P.; Ward, J.A.; Mayhew, H.L.; Word, J.Q.; Barrows, E.S.; Goodwin, S.M.; Lefkovitz, L.F. [Battelle/Marine Sciences Lab., Sequim, WA (United States)

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Ecological evaluation of proposed discharge of dredged material from Oakland Harbor into ocean waters (Phase 3 B of -42-foot project)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Water Resources Development Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-662) authorized the US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) San Francisco District, to deepen and widen the navigational channels of the Oakland Inner and Outer Harbors to accommodate deeper-draft vessels. The USACE is considering several disposal options for the dredged material removed during these channel improvements including open-water disposal. Dredged material proposed for open-water disposal must be evaluated to determine the potential impacts of the disposal activity on the water column and disposal site environments. The USACE requested that Battelle/Marine Sciences Laboratory (MSL) conduct studies to evaluate open-water disposal options for Oakland Harbor sediments. This request developed into the Oakland Harbor Phase III Program. This is Volume 2 of a two-volume report that presents information gathered to determine the suitability of ocean disposal of sediments dredged from Oakland Harbor. This volume contains the Appendixes (A through N), which provide details of the data analyses and full presentation of the data and results.

Kohn, N.P.; Ward, J.A.; Mayhew, H.L.; Word, J.Q.; Barrows, E.S.; Goodwin, S.M.; Lefkovitz, L.F. (Battelle/Marine Sciences Lab., Sequim, WA (United States))

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Ecological evaluation of proposed discharge of dredged material from Oakland Harbor into ocean waters (Phase 3 B of -42-foot project). Volume 2, Appendixes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Water Resources Development Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-662) authorized the US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) San Francisco District, to deepen and widen the navigational channels of the Oakland Inner and Outer Harbors to accommodate deeper-draft vessels. The USACE is considering several disposal options for the dredged material removed during these channel improvements including open-water disposal. Dredged material proposed for open-water disposal must be evaluated to determine the potential impacts of the disposal activity on the water column and disposal site environments. The USACE requested that Battelle/Marine Sciences Laboratory (MSL) conduct studies to evaluate open-water disposal options for Oakland Harbor sediments. This request developed into the Oakland Harbor Phase III Program. This is Volume 2 of a two-volume report that presents information gathered to determine the suitability of ocean disposal of sediments dredged from Oakland Harbor. This volume contains the Appendixes (A through N), which provide details of the data analyses and full presentation of the data and results.

Kohn, N.P.; Ward, J.A.; Mayhew, H.L.; Word, J.Q.; Barrows, E.S.; Goodwin, S.M.; Lefkovitz, L.F. [Battelle/Marine Sciences Lab., Sequim, WA (United States)

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

NOAA Atlas NESDIS 67 CLIMATIC ATLAS OF THE NORTH PACIFIC SEAS 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NOAA Atlas NESDIS 67 CLIMATIC ATLAS OF THE NORTH PACIFIC SEAS 2009: Bering Sea, Sea of Okhotsk Administration National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service #12;International Ocean Atlas and Information Series, Volume 12 Climatic Atlas of North Pacific Seas 2009 Additional copies

270

Modulation of North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity by the2 Three Phases of ENSO3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 1 Modulation of North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity by the2 Three Phases of ENSO3 4 Hye-Mail: hyemi.kim@eas.gatech.edu29 30 #12;2 Abstract30 Pacific Ocean warming has been separated into two modes (EPC), these three regimes are shown to have different impacts on34 tropical cyclone activity over

Webster, Peter J.

271

OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 142 ENGINEERING AND SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 142 ENGINEERING AND SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS EAST PACIFIC RISE Mr. Michael A. Storms Operations Superintendent/ Assistant Manager of Engineering and Drilling Operations Ocean Drilling Program Texas A&M University Research Park 1000 Discovery Drive College Station, Texas 77845

272

Role of the Atmospheric and Oceanic Circulation in the Tropical Pacific SST Changes Nansen-Zhu International Research Centre, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Beijing, China, and Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center, Bergen, Norway HUIJUN WANG Nansen Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China, and Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center ocean and, furthermore, lead to anomalous positive convergences of heat transport, which is the main

273

Modulation of North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity by Three Phases of ENSO HYE-MI KIM, PETER J. WEBSTER, AND JUDITH A. CURRY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modulation of North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity by Three Phases of ENSO HYE-MI KIM, PETER J Pacific Ocean warming has been separated into two modes based on the spatial distribution of the maximum impacts on tropical cyclone (TC) activity over the North Pacific by differential modulation of both local

Webster, Peter J.

274

Impact of Pacific and Atlantic sea surface temperatures on interannual and decadal variations of GRACE land water storage in tropical South America  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

stress, i.e. , the ground water storage [Toomey et al. ,and longer time scales, as ground water storage multidecadal

de Linage, Caroline; Kim, Hyungjun; Famiglietti, James S; Yu, Jin-Yi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Species profiles: Life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (Pacific Southwest): Striped bass  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Species profiles are literature summaries of the taxonomy, morphology, range, life history, and environmental requirements of coastal aquatic species. They are designed to assist in environmental impact assessment. The striped bass supports one of the most important sport fisheries in the Pacific Southwest. The only population of striped bass of consequence in the Pacific Southwest is in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Estuary and Pacific Ocean within 40 km of San Francisco Bay. Males mature at age 2 or 3 and females at ages 4 to 7. Striped bass are anadromous and spawn in fresh- or nearly fresh-water from April to June in the Sacramento and San Joaquin Rivers and the Delta area formed by the rivers. The semibuoyant eggs require a minimum current of 30.5 cm/s during development to keep them from settling to the bottom and dying. Year-class size of striped bass in the estuary has been correlated with survival during early life. The abundance of young bass, mean FL 38 mm, has been associated with river outflow from the Delta and the percentage of the river inflow diverted. The abundance of striped bass in the estuary has steadily declined since the 1960's; the decline is believed to be related to a combination of toxic substances and entrainment of young bass. Temperature, salinity, and river discharge are also important environmental factors affecting the survival of striped bass. 109 refs., 5 figs., 6 tabs.

Hassler, T.J.

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 181 SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of this publication may be obtained from the ODP Publications Home Page on the World Wide Web at http K. Graber #12;Leg 181 Scientific Prospectus Page 3 ABSTRACT The circulation of cold, deep Antarctic the world ocean through the Southwest Pacific Gateway as a thermohaline drive Deep Western Boundary Current

277

Remote sensing of total integrated water vapor, wind speed, and cloud liquid water over the ocean using the Special Sensor Microwave/Imager (SSM/I)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A modified D-matrix retrieval method is the basis of the refined total integrated water vapor (TIWV), total integrated cloud liquid water (CLW), and surface wind speed (WS) retrieval methods that are developed. The 85 GHZ polarization difference...

Manning, Norman Willis William

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

278

Skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis, are distributed throughout the Pacific  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

343 Skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis, are distributed throughout the Pacific Ocean in tropical at processing plants in Manta (Ecuador), Assessment of skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) spawning activity 2000. Fish. Bull. 99:343­350 (2001). Abstract­An investigation of skip- jack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis

279

Immature East Pacific Green Turtles (Chelonia mydas) Use Multiple Foraging Areas off the Pacific Coast of Baja California Sur, Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

125 Immature East Pacific Green Turtles (Chelonia mydas) Use Multiple Foraging Areas off Tortuguero has been conducting monthly in- water monitoring of East Pacific green turtles (Chelonia mydas), also known as black turtles, at four neritic foraging areas (Bahia Magdalena, Laguna San Igna- cio

Gerber, Leah R.

280

Lagrangian tools to monitor transport and mixing in the ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We apply the Lagrangian approach to study surface transport and mixing in the ocean. New tools have been developed to track the motion of water masses, their origin and fate and to quantify transport and mixing. To illustrate the methods used we compute the Lagrangian synoptic maps a comparatively small marine bay, the Peter the Great Bay in the Japan Sea near Vladivostok city (Russia), and in a comparatively large region in the North Pacific, the Kuroshio Extension system. In the first case we use velocity data from a Japan Sea circulation numerical model and in the second one the velocity data are derived from satellite altimeter measurements of anomalies of the sea height distributed by AVISO.

S. V. Prants; M. V. Budyansky; M. Yu. Uleysky

2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

composition of putative oceans on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;Results: Oceanic water composition · Oceanic water is a NaCl-CaCl2 solution · Large Cl mass · Cl in a "soda ocean" Temperature, o C 100 200 300 400 500 Concentration,mole/kgH2O 0.01 0.1 1 Cl- CaCl2 CaCl+ Na calcite · Quartz · Na-K feldspars · Anhydrite · Pyrite · Hematite/magnetite · Evaporites: NaCl+CaCl2 350o

Treiman, Allan H.

282

PACIFIC NORTHWEST CYBER SUMMIT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On March 26, 2013, the Snohomish County Public Utility District (PUD) and the U.S. Department of Energys (DOEs) Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) jointly hosted the Pacific Northwest Cyber Summit with the DOEs Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, the White House, Washington State congressional delegation, Washington State National Guard, and regional energy companies.

Lesperance, Ann M.; Matlock, Gordon W.; Becker-Dippmann, Angela S.; Smith, Karen S.

2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

283

Development of a Species Distribution Model for the East Pacific Green Sea Turtle using Ecological Geoprocessing Tools  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

East Pacific green sea turtles, Chelonia mydas, play ecologically important roles in marine habitats which range from grazing (and thus regularly "mowing") algae and seagrass beds to cycling nutrients between the ocean and land. However...

Duncan, Roxanne

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

284

Comprehensive Ocean Drilling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comprehensive Ocean Drilling Bibliography containing citations related to the Deep Sea Drilling Project, Ocean Drilling Program, Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, and International Ocean Discovery Program Last updated: May 2014 #12;Comprehensive Bibliography Comprehensive Ocean Drilling Bibliography

285

Critical role for mesoscale eddy diffusion in supplying oxygen to hypoxic ocean waters1 Anand Gnanadesikan*3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the current generation of Earth System Models. Using satellite-based22 estimate of oxygen consumption 1000 m2 /s. Varying Aredi across a suite24 of Earth System Models yields a broadly consistent result with about 1/3 of these waters39 dropping below 10 M (solid black line, Fig. 1c,d).40 The Earth System Models

Gnanadesikan, Anand

286

Efficacy of open-ocean ballast water exchange as a means of preventing invertebrate invasions between freshwater ports  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

between freshwater ports Derek K. Gray Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research, University Lakes to European ports. Each vessel had paired ballast tanks, one of which was designated as a control ports. BWE was verified by ship records and, in two cases, by in situ water quality sensors. BWE

287

E-Print Network 3.0 - atlantic ocean woce Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

S Upper ocean (250 m... OceanAtmosphere Interaction (1) The Hydrological Cycle ATMESSOCN 587 1142010 S. Riser 12... with temperature. An enhanced water cycle will...

288

PMEL Ocean Climate Station Program Meghan Cronin, Chris Sabine, Chris Meinig  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Papa HOT MBARI Cold dry air blowing over warm Kuroshio Extension causes large sensible and latent heat for climate reference) Net Surface Heat Flux = TurbPMEL Ocean Climate Station Program Meghan Cronin, Chris Sabine, Chris Meinig NOAA Pacific Marine

289

Pacific Ethanol, Inc | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Pacific Ethanol, Inc Pacific Ethanol, Inc Pacific Ethanol, Inc More Documents & Publications RSE Pulp & Chemical, LLC (Subsidiary of Red Shield Environmental, LLC) Major DOE...

290

Preliminary Notice of Violation, Pacific Underground Construction...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Pacific Underground Construction, Inc. - WEA-2009-02 Preliminary Notice of Violation, Pacific Underground Construction, Inc. - WEA-2009-02 April 7, 2009 Issued to Pacific...

291

Climate Change over the Equatorial Indo-Pacific in Global Warming* CHIE IHARA, YOCHANAN KUSHNIR, AND MARK A. CANE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate Change over the Equatorial Indo-Pacific in Global Warming* CHIE IHARA, YOCHANAN KUSHNIR to global warming is investigated using model outputs submitted to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate equatorial Indian Ocean warm more than the SSTs in the eastern equatorial Indian Ocean under global warming

292

Water Power for a Clean Energy Future (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This fact sheet provides an overview of the U.S. Department of Energy's Wind and Water Power Program's water power research activities. Water power is the nation's largest source of clean, domestic, renewable energy. Harnessing energy from rivers, manmade waterways, and oceans to generate electricity for the nation's homes and businesses can help secure America's energy future. Water power technologies fall into two broad categories: conventional hydropower and marine and hydrokinetic technologies. Conventional hydropower facilities include run-of-the-river, storage, and pumped storage. Most conventional hydropower plants use a diversion structure, such as a dam, to capture water's potential energy via a turbine for electricity generation. Marine and hydrokinetic technologies obtain energy from waves, tides, ocean currents, free-flowing rivers, streams and ocean thermal gradients to generate electricity. The United States has abundant water power resources, enough to meet a large portion of the nation's electricity demand. Conventional hydropower generated 257 million megawatt-hours (MWh) of electricity in 2010 and provides 6-7% of all electricity in the United States. According to preliminary estimates from the Electric Power Resource Institute (EPRI), the United States has additional water power resource potential of more than 85,000 megawatts (MW). This resource potential includes making efficiency upgrades to existing hydroelectric facilities, developing new low-impact facilities, and using abundant marine and hydrokinetic energy resources. EPRI research suggests that ocean wave and in-stream tidal energy production potential is equal to about 10% of present U.S. electricity consumption (about 400 terrawatt-hours per year). The greatest of these resources is wave energy, with the most potential in Hawaii, Alaska, and the Pacific Northwest. The Department of Energy's (DOE's) Water Power Program works with industry, universities, other federal agencies, and DOE's national laboratories to promote the development and deployment of technologies capable of generating environmentally sustainable and cost-effective electricity from the nation's water resources.

Not Available

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Benthic Assemblage Variability in the Upper San Francisco Estuary: A 27-Year Retrospective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

which lead from the Pacific Ocean to an inland river delta,San Joaquin River Pacific Ocean 10 m 16 km Water Export

Peterson, Heather A; Vayssieres, Marc

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Contemporary population structure and historical demography of sailfish (Istiophorus platypterus) in the Atlantic Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the warmer waters of the western Indo-Pacific. We emphasize that sailfish from this region of the Pacific are phenotypically distinct from those in the rest of the species' range and encourage further studies in order to determine if the eastern Pacific...

Bangma, Jessica

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

295

OBSERVATIONS ON JUVENILE OCEANIC SKIPJACK (KATSUWONUS PELAMIS) FROM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OBSERVATIONS ON JUVENILE OCEANIC SKIPJACK (KATSUWONUS PELAMIS) FROM HAWAIIAN WATERS AND SIERRA SKIPJACK (KATSUWONUS PELAMIS) FROM HAWAIIAN WATERS AND SIERRA MACKEREL (SCOMBEROMORUS SIERRA) FROM September 1948. While operating in Hawaiian waters, seven juvenile KatsllwollllS pelamis (Linnaeus) 1758

296

ESF Consortium for Ocean Drilling White Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ESF Consortium for Ocean Drilling (ECOD) White Paper An ESF Programme September 2003 #12;The, maintains the ship over a specific location while drilling into water depths up to 27,000 feet. A seven Amsterdam, The Netherlands #12;1 ESF Consortium for Ocean Drilling (ECOD) White Paper Foreword 3

Purkis, Sam

297

Predictability and Diagnosis of Low-Frequency Climate Processes in the Pacific  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Predicting the climate for the coming decades requires understanding both natural and anthropogenically forced climate variability. This variability is important because it has major societal impacts, for example by causing floods or droughts on land or altering fishery stocks in the ocean. Our results fall broadly into three topics: evaluating global climate model predictions; regional impacts of climate changes over western North America; and regional impacts of climate changes over the eastern North Pacific Ocean.

Dr. Arthur J. Miller

2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

298

Coupling Between Oceanic Upwelling and Cloud-aerosol Properties at the AMF Point Reyes Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cloud microphysical properties measured at the ARM Mobile Facility site located on the northern coast of California near Point Reyes, during the 2005 Marine Stratus Radiation, Aerosol and Drizzle experiment, were analyzed to determine their relationship to the coastal sea surface temperature (SST) which was characterized using measurements acquired from a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration offshore buoy. An increase in SST resulting from a relaxation of upwelling, occurring in the eastern Pacific Ocean off the coast of California in summer is observed to strongly correlate with nearby ground measured cloud microphysical properties and cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) concentrations. Correlations between these atmospheric and oceanic features provide insight into the interplay between the ocean and cloud radiative properties. We present evidence of this robust correlation and examine the factors controlling these features. The marine boundary layer is in direct contact with the sea surface and is strongly influenced by SST. Moisture and vertical motion are crucial ingredients for cloud development and so we examine the role of SST in providing these key components to the atmosphere. Although upwelling of cold subsurface waters is conventionally thought to increase aerosols in the region, thus increasing clouds, here we observed a relaxation of upwelling associated with changes in the structure of marine stratus clouds. As upwelling relaxes, the SST get warmer, thick clouds with high liquid water paths are observed and persist for a few days. This cycle is repeated throughout the summer upwelling season. A concomitant cyclic increase and decrease of CCN concentration is also observed. Forcing mechanisms and large-scale atmospheric features are discussed. Marine stratocumulus clouds are a critical component of the earth's radiation budget and this site provides an excellent opportunity to study the influence of SST on these clouds.

Dunn, M.; Jensen, M.; Miller, M.; Kollias, P.; Bartholomew, M. J.; Turner, D.; Andrews, E.; Jefferson, A.; Daum, P.

2008-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

299

Antarctic ice sheet fertilises the Southern Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Southern Ocean (SO) marine primary productivity (PP) is strongly influenced by the availability of iron in surface waters, which is thought to exert a significant control upon atmospheric CO2 concentrations on glacial/interglacial ...

Death, R.

300

Reconstructing Past Ocean Salinity ((delta)18Owater)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Temperature and salinity are two of the key properties of ocean water masses. The distribution of these two independent but related characteristics reflects the interplay of incoming solar radiation (insolation) and the uneven distribution of heat loss and gain by the ocean, with that of precipitation, evaporation, and the freezing and melting of ice. Temperature and salinity to a large extent, determine the density of a parcel of water. Small differences in temperature and salinity can increase or decrease the density of a water parcel, which can lead to convection. Once removed from the surface of the ocean where 'local' changes in temperature and salinity can occur, the water parcel retains its distinct relationship between (potential) temperature and salinity. We can take advantage of this 'conservative' behavior where changes only occur as a result of mixing processes, to track the movement of water in the deep ocean (Figure 1). The distribution of density in the ocean is directly related to horizontal pressure gradients and thus (geostrophic) ocean currents. During the Quaternary when we have had systematic growth and decay of large land based ice sheets, salinity has had to change. A quick scaling argument following that of Broecker and Peng [1982] is: the modern ocean has a mean salinity of 34.7 psu and is on average 3500m deep. During glacial maxima sea level was on the order of {approx}120m lower than present. Simply scaling the loss of freshwater (3-4%) requires an average increase in salinity a similar percentage or to {approx}35.9psu. Because much of the deep ocean is of similar temperature, small changes in salinity have a large impact on density, yielding a potentially different distribution of water masses and control of the density driven (thermohaline) ocean circulation. It is partly for this reason that reconstructions of past salinity are of interest to paleoceanographers.

Guilderson, T P; Pak, D K

2005-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Model simulation of Greenland Sea upper-ocean variability S. Hakkinen,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Model simulation of Greenland Sea upper-ocean variability S. Hakkinen,1 F. Dupont,2 M. Karcher,3-ocean water masses coincides with periods of intense deep-water formation in the Greenland Sea. This paper-ocean properties observed in the Greenland Sea, including very dense, saline water masses in the 1950s, 1960s

Zhang, Jinlun

302

Microbe-Metazoan interactions at Pacific Ocean methane seeps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

B) and those present within methane seep Euryarchaea ( PMI,margin: the influence of methane seeps and oxygen minimumisotope signatures and methane use by New Zealand cold seep

Thurber, Andrew R

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Microbe-metazoan interactions at Pacific Ocean methane seeps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

B) and those present within methane seep Euryarchaea ( PMI,margin: the influence of methane seeps and oxygen minimumisotope signatures and methane use by New Zealand cold seep

Thurber, Andrew Reichmann

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

ARM - Lesson Plans: Temperature of the Pacific Ocean  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc Documentation RUC : XDCResearch Related InformationAcid Rain

305

Microbe-metazoan interactions at Pacific Ocean methane seeps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

associated with marine gas hydrates: superlight c-isotopesmethane from near-surface gas hydrates. Chem Geol 205:291-venting sites on the gas-hydrate-bearing Hikurangi Margin,

Thurber, Andrew Reichmann

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Microbe-Metazoan interactions at Pacific Ocean methane seeps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

associated with marine gas hydrates: superlight c-isotopesmethane from near-surface gas hydrates. Chem Geol 205:291-venting sites on the gas-hydrate-bearing Hikurangi Margin,

Thurber, Andrew R

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Eastern Equatorial Pacific Ocean Sedimentation: Investigating Constant Flux Proxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved by: Chair of Committee, Franco Marcantonio Committee Members, Mitchell Lyle Debbie Thomas Matthew Schmidt Brent Miller Head of Department, Rick Giardino December 2012 Major Subject: Geology... .......................................................... 74 4.3. Analytical methods .................................................................................................. 77 4.3.1. Uranium and thorium ................................................................................... 77 4...

Singh, Ajay 1980-

2012-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

308

Ocean Observing Ocean Observing Systems (OOS)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, national, and global scales. · Ocean Observing Systems serve: Fishing industry National security Coastal properties, such as salinity, temperature, and waves Satellite maps of sea surface temperature NATIONAL Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS) 11 REGIONAL Systems, including: MANY LOCAL Systems

Schladow, S. Geoffrey

309

The Combined Effect of Ocean Acidification and Euthrophication on water pH and Aragonite Saturation State in the Northern Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

than acidification from atmospheric CO2 uptake. Furthermore, results from the model simulation show that the decrease in pH since the industrial era is 0.04 units greater than expected from ocean acidification and eutrophication combined. The additional...

Garcia Tigreros, Fenix

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

310

Deep-tow study of magnetic anomalies in the Pacific Jurassic Quiet Zone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Jurassic Quiet Zone (JQZ) is a region of low amplitude, difficult-to-correlate magnetic anomalies located over Jurassic oceanic crust. We collected 1200 km of new deep-tow magnetic anomaly profiles over the Pacific JQZ that complement 2 deep...

Tominaga, Masako

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

311

Micro-phytoplankton biomass of the equatorial Pacific in spring 1992  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Along one transect in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean the micro-phytoplankton (>15 gm in one dimension) biomass in the upper 200 in was examined. The samples were taken during the most recent El Nifio event and examined in the light microscope...

Liu, Duan

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Tuna-Dolphin-Bird Feeding Assemblages in the Galapagos Islands and Their Response to the Physical Characteristics of the Upper Water Column  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tuna-dolphin-bird feeding assemblages are unique to the Eastern Tropical Pacific Ocean (ETP). These multiple species groups are believed to forage together in response to the physical properties of the near surface ocean as these constrain...

Johnston, Michelle

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

313

Pacific Northwest rangeland carbon sequestration.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This paper models the supply curve of carbon sequestration on Pacific Northwest rangelands. Rangeland managers have the ability to sequester carbon in agricultural soils by (more)

Wiggins, Seth T.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Loggerhead sea turtles are circum-global, inhabiting temperate, sub-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

waters of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. In the Pacific, loggerhead sea turtles have been in the North Pacific Ocean occurs in Japan; there is no known nesting in the east- ern North Pacific (Márquez in the oceanic realm of the central North Pacific Ocean are of Japanese stock (Dutton et al., 1998). Tagging

315

A climatology of tropical synoptic scale behavior from TOVS-estimated precipitable water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(1972) studied ITCZ behavior and fluctuations in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans and concluded that the ITCZ remains north of the equator in both oceans, regardless of season. For his day, he determined that the best tools to study this phenomenon... meridional circulation when the zonal Hadley circulation is weak. Madden and Julian (1972) documented a 40-50 day oscillation in station pressure and upper air data throughout the Indian and Pacific Oceans. They determined that this eastward...

Mackey, Morgan Douglas

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Polarocryptic mirror of the lookdown as a biological model for open ocean camouflage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

researchers recognized that the scattering environment of the water medium in the open ocean provides space, the open ocean represents a challenging environment for camouflage. Conventional strategies alteration for effective concealment in the complex open ocean environment. The open ocean is the predominant

Cummings, Molly E.

317

UPDATE ON THE INTERNATIONAL EXPERIMENT ON CO2 OCEAN SEQUESTRATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the deep ocean, forming a buoyant plume. Sea water will be entrained into the rising droplet plume Center, Bergen, Norway 4 Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA), Bergen, Norway 5 University objective of our project on CO2 ocean sequestration is to investigate its technical feasibility

318

Water resource opportunity assessment: Fort Dix  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides the results of the water resource opportunity assessments performed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory at the Fort Dix facility located in Fort Dix, New Jersey.

Sullivan, G.P.; Hostick, D.J.; Elliott, D.B.; Fitzpatrick, Q.K.; Dahowski, R.T.; Dison, D.R

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Use of Advanced Meteorological Model Output for Coastal Ocean Modeling in Puget Sound  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is a great challenge to specify meteorological forcing in estuarine and coastal circulation modeling using observed data because of the lack of complete datasets. As a result of this limitation, water temperature is often not simulated in estuarine and coastal modeling, with the assumption that density-induced currents are generally dominated by salinity gradients. However, in many situations, temperature gradients could be sufficiently large to influence the baroclinic motion. In this paper, we present an approach to simulate water temperature using outputs from advanced meteorological models. This modeling approach was applied to simulate annual variations of water temperatures of Puget Sound, a fjordal estuary in the Pacific Northwest of USA. Meteorological parameters from North American Region Re-analysis (NARR) model outputs were evaluated with comparisons to observed data at real-time meteorological stations. Model results demonstrated that NARR outputs can be used to drive coastal ocean models for realistic simulations of long-term water-temperature distributions in Puget Sound. Model results indicated that the net flux from NARR can be further improved with the additional information from real-time observations.

Yang, Zhaoqing; Khangaonkar, Tarang; Wang, Taiping

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Technical and philosophical aspects of ocean disposal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Di sposai . Geological aspects Physical aspects Chemical aspects Biological aspects CHAPTER II. TECHNICAL ASPECTS OF OCEAN DISPOSAL Types of Waste Materials. Dredged materiais. Industrial wastes, DomestIc sewage wa tes Solid wastes Radloact..., can reduce the passage of light through the water column and cause damaging effects to the marine ecosystem. Each of five major oceans has pronounced gyral, or circular current motion (Fiaure 1. 1). The North Atlantic current system is comprised...

Zapatka, Marchi Charisse

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Science Potential of a Deep Ocean Antineutrino Observatory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents science potential of a deep ocean antineutrino observatory under development at Hawaii. The observatory design allows for relocation from one site to another. Positioning the observatory some 60 km distant from a nuclear reactor complex enables precision measurement of neutrino mixing parameters, leading to a determination of neutrino mass hierarchy. At a mid-Pacific location the observatory measures the flux and ratio of uranium and thorium decay neutrinos from earth's mantle and performs a sensitive search for a hypothetical natural fission reactor in earth's core. A subsequent deployment at another mid-ocean location would test lateral heterogeneity of uranium and thorium in earth's mantle.

Steve Dye

2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

322

Impacts of interruption of the Agulhas leakage on the tropical Atlantic in coupled ocean-atmosphere simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Climate Dynamics October 2009 #12;2 ABSTRACT In this paper we use a coupled ocean-atmosphere model Indian ocean water temperature (cold) and salinity (fresh) anomalies of southern ocean origin propagate the closure of the "warm water path" in favor of the "cold water path". As part of the atmospheric response

Drijfhout, Sybren

323

Inversion for subbottom sound velocity profiles in the deep and shallow ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis investigates the application of acoustic measurements in the deep and shallow ocean to infer the sound velocity profile (svp) in the seabed. For the deep water ocean, an exact method based on the Gelfand-Levitan ...

Souza, Luiz Alberto Lopes de

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

California cooperative oceanic fisheries investigations. Reports volume 37, January 1--December 31, 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Scientists from the California Department of Fish and Game (CDFG), the Southwest Fisheries Science Center of the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), and the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego (UCSD), have collaborated for 46 years in the longest-running large-scale study ever undertaken in the ocean. This study was begun in order to understand the causes of changes in population, over time, of commercially important fishes in California`s coastal waters. When the study began, the Pacific sardine was by far the most significant species of economic concern to the State of California. Because its population changes were thought to be caused by a diversity of atmospheric, oceanic, and biological variables, a wide array of measurements in the California Current region were begun and have been continued to this day. This long time series of data allows not only a better understanding of the flux of fish populations, but also lays the foundation for understanding interdecadal and secular change in the seas. This document contains papers from symposium of the 1995 CalCOFI Conference related to interdecadal changes in the ecology of the California current.

Olfe, J. [ed.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Ocean Carbon Cycle Data from the Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The U.S. JGOFS program, a component of the U.S Global Change Research Program, grew out of the recommendations of a National Academy of Sciences workshop in 1984. An ambitious goal was set to understand the controls on the concentrations and fluxes of carbon and associated nutrients in the ocean. A new field of ocean biogeochemistry emerged with an emphasis on quality measurements of carbon system parameters and interdisciplinary field studies of the biological, chemical and physical process which control the ocean carbon cycle. U.S. JGOFS, ended in 2005 with the conclusion of the Synthesis and Modeling Project (SMP). Data are available throughout the U.S. JGOFS web site at http://usjgofs.whoi.edu/ and from the U.S. JGOFS Data System at http://usjgofs.whoi.edu/jg/dir/jgofs/. Major named segments of the project are: Bermuda Atlantic Time Series (BATS) Study, Hawaii Ocean Time-series (HOT) Study, Equatorial Pacific Process Study, North Atlantic Bloom Experiment (1989), Arabian Sea Process Study, and the Southern Ocean Process Study.

326

Pacific Islands Region News Release  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pacific Islands Region News Release Contact: Wende Goo FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE 808-721-4098 May 27 of these unique twins by contributing more than 100 hours of work to construct a holding pen for the young seal

327

Pacific Northwest Solar Radiation Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pacific Northwest Solar Radiation Data UO SOLAR MONITORING LAB Physics Department -- Solar Energy Center 1274 University of Oregon Eugene, Oregon 97403-1274 April 1, 1999 #12;Hourly solar radiation data

Oregon, University of

328

Ocean Engineering Development Team  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ocean Engineering Hydrofoil Development Team Justin Eickmeier Mirela Dalanaj Jason Gray Matt test bed for future hydrofoil designs. 5) To create future student interest in the Ocean Engineering Efficiency and Acceleration. #12;Design Team Justin Eickmeier Team Leader Major: Ocean Engineering, Junior

Wood, Stephen L.

329

Natural Climate Insurance for Pacific Northwest Salmon and Salmon Fisheries: Finding our way through the Entangled Bank  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Natural Climate Insurance for Pacific Northwest Salmon and Salmon Fisheries: Finding our way) Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Oceans/School of Marine Affairs Climate Impacts and Fisheries Sciences, Box 355020, Seattle, WA 98195-5020; email: bfrancis@u.washington.edu Submitted to an AFS

Mantua, Nathan

330

Declining Oxygen in the Northeast Pacific* STEPHEN D. PIERCE, JOHN A. BARTH, R. KIPP SHEARMAN, AND ANATOLI Y. EROFEEV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Declining Oxygen in the Northeast Pacific* STEPHEN D. PIERCE, JOHN A. BARTH, R. KIPP SHEARMAN a decrease in oceanic dissolved oxygen and a thickening of the oxygen minimum zone, associated with global warming. Comprehensive observational analyses of oxygen decline are chal- lenging, given generally sparse

Pierce, Stephen

331

Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological LaboratoryNovember-December 2009 Volume 13, Number 6 AOML is an environmental research laboratory of NOAA's Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is an environmental research laboratory of NOAA's Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research located on Virginia KeyAtlantic With an estimated 40% of the carbon dioxide (CO2 ) from fossil fuels having entered the oceans since the start studies in the Atlantic and equatorial Pacific performed by NOAA researchers and their affiliates. Carbon

332

Response of water vapor to interannual variations of SST: Results from NCAR Community Climate Model (CCM2)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper very briefly documents the response of water vapor to interannual changes in sea surface temperature (SST) in two of the most frequently used climate models: the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) community climate model (CCM2) and the GFDL spectral model (R30). The corresponding results from radiosonde data are also presented for reference. A simple linear regression model is used to quantify the response of water vapor to changes in SST in the two simulations. Except for the negative response of water vapor over Australia, CCM2 simulates the major characteristics in the horizontal structure of the water vapor response shown in the radiosonde data. The negative response of water over Australia is also not well simulated by GFDL R30. In addition, GFDL R30 significantly underestimates the positive response over the Indian Ocean. The horizontal contrasts between the negative response over the western Pacific and the positive response over the central and eastern Pacific in the model simulations are larger than in the radiosonde data. The negative response in the subtropical region in CCM2 is more pronounced than in R30. Averaged over the tropics, CCM2 has a larger water vapor response in both the boundary layer and the upper troposphere than R30. The correlations between variations of water vapor in the upper troposphere and those at the surface level are also stronger in CCM2 than in R30. 2 refs., 5 figs.

Sun, De-Zheng [National Center For Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States)

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

65J.M. Grebmeier and W. Maslowski (eds.), The Pacific Arctic Region: Ecosystem Status and Trends in a Rapidly Changing Environment, DOI 10.1007/978-94-017-8863-2_4,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Sapporo, Japan K. Mizobata Department of Ocean Sciences, Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, Tokyo, Japan J.E. Overland Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric mechanisms responsible for the diminishing sea ice cannot be explained by the leading Arctic Oscillation (AO

Zhang, Jinlun

334

Evaluating WRF-Chem aerosol indirect effects in Southeast Pacific marine stratocumulus during VOCALS-REx  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We evaluate a regional-scale simulation with the WRF-Chem model for the VAMOS (Variability of the American Monsoon Systems) Ocean-Cloud-Atmosphere-Land Study Regional Experiment (VOCALS-REx), which sampled the Southeast Pacific's persistent stratocumulus deck. Evaluation of VOCALS-REx ship-based and aircraft observations focuses on analyzing how aerosol loading affects marine boundary layer (MBL) dynamics and cloud microphysics. We compare local time series and campaign averaged longitudinal gradients, and highlight differences in model simulations with (W) and without wet (NW) deposition processes. The higher aerosol loadings in the NW case produce considerable changes in MBL dynamics and cloud microphysics, in accordance with the established conceptual model of aerosol indirect effects. These include increase in cloud albedo, increase in MBL and cloud heights, drizzle suppression, increase in liquid water content, and increase in cloud lifetime. Moreover, better statistical representation of aerosol mass and number concentration improves model fidelity in reproducing observed spatial and temporal variability in cloud properties, including top and base height, droplet concentration, water content, rain rate, optical depth (COD) and liquid water path (LWP). Together, these help to quantify confidence in WRF-Chem's modeled aerosol-cloud interactions, while identifying structural and parametric uncertainties including: irreversibility in rain wet removal; overestimation of marine DMS and sea salt emissions and accelerated aqueous sulfate conversion. Our findings suggest that WRF-Chem simulates marine cloud-aerosol interactions at a level sufficient for applications in forecasting weather and air quality and studying aerosol climate forcing, including the reliability required for policy analysis and geo-engineering applications.

Saide, Pablo; Spak, S. N.; Carmichael, Gregory; Mena-Carrasco, M. A.; Yang, Qing; Howell, S. G.; Leon, Dolislager; Snider, Jefferson R.; Bandy, Alan R.; Collett, Jeffrey L.; Benedict, K. B.; de Szoeke, S.; Hawkins, Lisa; Allen, Grant; Crawford, I.; Crosier, J.; Springston, S. R.

2012-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

335

Lecture 10. Shallow water equations and potential vorticity Geostrophy and hydrostatic balance gives us great intuition for how the ocean organizes itself, but  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lecture 10. Shallow water equations and potential vorticity Geostrophy and hydrostatic balance balance, which ignores vertical accelerations: p z = -0g. (104) We can then integrate this equation of the material derivative can be re-written as h t + h · (uh) = 0. (111) Equations (106) and (111

Thompson, Andrew

336

Warming and Freshening in the Abyssal Southeastern Indian Ocean* GREGORY C. JOHNSON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Warming and Freshening in the Abyssal Southeastern Indian Ocean* GREGORY C. JOHNSON NOAA. Johnson, NOAA/ Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, 7600 Sand Point Way NE, Bldg. 3, Seattle, WA 98115. E-mail: gregory.c.johnson@noaa.gov 15 OCTOBER 2008 J O H N S O N E T A L . 5351 DOI: 10

Johnson, Gregory C.

337

Mercury methylation in oxygen deficient zones of the oceans: No evidence for the predominance of anaerobes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mercury methylation in oxygen deficient zones of the oceans: No evidence for the predominance Keywords: Methylmercury Oxygen minimum zone Arabian Sea Equatorial Eastern Pacific Mercury methylation Although a large fraction of the world's population is exposed to mercury through consumption of marine

Morel, François M. M.

338

RADIOGENIC ISOTOPES: TRACERS OF PAST OCEAN CIRCULATION AND EROSIONAL INPUT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the ocean has varied as a function of changes in paleocircu- lation, source provenances, style and intensity-established paleoceano- graphic tracers such as carbon isotopes. INDEX TERMS: 1040 Geochemistry: Isotopic composition Atlantic Deep Water (NADW) according to latest estimates based on results of the World Ocean Circulation

Jellinek, Mark

339

Simulation of propagating EAS Cherenkov radiation over the ocean surface  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present computing results of the Cherenkov light propagation in air and water from extensive air showers developing over the ocean. Limits on zenith angles of the showers, at which the registration of flashes of reflected Cherenkov photons by the satellite-based detector TUS is possible, are analyzed with consideration for waves on the ocean surface.

Shustova, O P; Khrenov, B A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SANTA CRUZ DEPARTMENT OF OCEAN SCIENCES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or more of the following: ocean optics, ocean observing systems, phytoplankton ecology, marine chemistry. Possible related areas of research might include environmental chemistry and water quality. The successful chemistry and molecular methods, and will participate in data QA/QC and data management. The candidate has

California at Santa Cruz, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

INTEGRATED OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM 2011 OCEAN DRILLING CITATION REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTEGRATED OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM 2011 OCEAN DRILLING CITATION REPORT covering citations related to the Deep Sea Drilling Project, Ocean Drilling Program, and Integrated Ocean Drilling Program from Geo Drilling Program Publication Services September 2011 #12;OVERVIEW OF THE OCEAN DRILLING CITATION DATABASE

342

Puget Sound Dissolved Oxygen Modeling Study: Development of an Intermediate Scale Water Quality Model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Salish Sea, including Puget Sound, is a large estuarine system bounded by over seven thousand miles of complex shorelines, consists of several subbasins and many large inlets with distinct properties of their own. Pacific Ocean water enters Puget Sound through the Strait of Juan de Fuca at depth over the Admiralty Inlet sill. Ocean water mixed with freshwater discharges from runoff, rivers, and wastewater outfalls exits Puget Sound through the brackish surface outflow layer. Nutrient pollution is considered one of the largest threats to Puget Sound. There is considerable interest in understanding the effect of nutrient loads on the water quality and ecological health of Puget Sound in particular and the Salish Sea as a whole. The Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology) contracted with Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to develop a coupled hydrodynamic and water quality model. The water quality model simulates algae growth, dissolved oxygen, (DO) and nutrient dynamics in Puget Sound to inform potential Puget Sound-wide nutrient management strategies. Specifically, the project is expected to help determine 1) if current and potential future nitrogen loadings from point and non-point sources are significantly impairing water quality at a large scale and 2) what level of nutrient reductions are necessary to reduce or control human impacts to DO levels in the sensitive areas. The project did not include any additional data collection but instead relied on currently available information. This report describes model development effort conducted during the period 2009 to 2012 under a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) cooperative agreement with PNNL, Ecology, and the University of Washington awarded under the National Estuary Program

Khangaonkar, Tarang; Sackmann, Brandon S.; Long, Wen; Mohamedali, Teizeen; Roberts, Mindy

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Trade war in the Pacific: ASEAN and the Trans-Pacific Partnership https://theconversation.edu.au/trade-war-in-the-pacific-asean-and-the-trans-pacific-partnership-10937[3/12/2012 11:38:09 AM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trade war in the Pacific: ASEAN and the Trans-Pacific Partnership https://theconversation.edu.au/trade-war-in-the-pacific-asean-and-the-trans-pacific-partnership-10937[3/12/2012 11:38:09 AM] TC Home + Society Science + Technology Trade war in the Pacific: ASEAN and the Trans-Pacific Partnership 30 November

Botea, Adi

344

Children's School February 2013 Water Aid Collection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, we are leading a collection of funds for Water Aid (www.wateraidamerica.org) to help poor communities in Africa, Asia, the Pacific region and Central America gain access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene

345

Traces of mercury surprise water officials By Mark Noack [ mark@hmbreview.com  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to overseas coal power plants in China. But that might not explain this strange increase, suggested Chris to be in California," he said. "We generally have clean air masses coming off the Pacific Ocean." The higher toxin

346

Final Technical Report Modeling the Physical and Biochemical Influence of Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Influence of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Plant Discharges into their Adjacent Waters DOE AWARD NO. DE sustainably with acceptably low biological impact. Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) uses large flowsFinal Technical Report Modeling the Physical and Biochemical Influence of Ocean Thermal Energy

347

An energy-diagnostics intercomparison of coupled ice-ocean Arctic models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An energy-diagnostics intercomparison of coupled ice-ocean Arctic models Petteri Uotila a,*, David. Understanding the Arctic Ocean energy balance is important because it can strengthen our understanding for Atmosphere-Ocean Science, Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, NYU, 200 Water

Zhang, Jinlun

348

CHARACTERIZING DANGEROUS WAVES FOR OCEAN WAVE ENERGY CONVERTER SURVIVABILITY Justin Hovland  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHARACTERIZING DANGEROUS WAVES FOR OCEAN WAVE ENERGY CONVERTER SURVIVABILITY Justin Hovland ABSTRACT Ocean Wave Energy Converters (OWECs) operating on the water surface are subject to storms gradient technologies. This paper is focused on Ocean Wave Energy Converters (OWECs) and the need

Haller, Merrick

349

Strategies for gas production from oceanic Class 3 hydrate accumulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

through the annular gravel pack (kg) N H = hydration numberthrough the annular gravel pack (kg/s) Q V = rate of CH 4ocean through the annular gravel pack (ST m 3 ) X i = water

Moridis, George J.; Reagan, Matthew T.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

High Biomass Low Export Regimes in the Southern Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of enhanced carbon biomass and export at 55 degrees S duringHigh Biomass Low Export Regimes in the Southern Ocean PhoebeSurface waters with high biomass levels and high proportion

Lam, Phoebe J.; Bishop, James K.B.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Designed for: Ocean Observing Demo: A collaboration between  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

off of Fire Island, NY. The Wave Glider records data on the wind, water temperature and salinity pressure, temperature and sound velocity. The Wave Glider is an autonomous ocean observing platform

352

AUTOMATED UNDERWAY OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC MEASUREMENTS FROM Shawn R. Smith  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AUTOMATED UNDERWAY OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC MEASUREMENTS FROM SHIPS Shawn R. Smith (1) , Mark A 32306-2840, USA, Emails: smith@coaps.fsu.edu, mbourassa@coaps.fsu.edu (2) CSIRO Land and Water, PO Box

Sprintall, Janet

353

ARM - Lesson Plans: Ocean Currents  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc Documentation RUC : XDCResearch Related InformationAcid Rain OutreachMoving Water andOcean

354

Solar Water Heating Incentive Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Beginning in the fall of 2003, Energy Trust of Oregon's Solar Water Heating (SWH) Incentive Program offers incentives to customers of Pacific Power, PGE, NW Natural Gas and Cascade Natural Gas who...

355

PACIFIC SOUTHWEST Forest and Range  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of forest stands is valuable for studies of the physical environment. Energy balance research centers on howPACIFIC SOUTHWEST Forest and Range Experiment Station FOREST SERVICE U.S. DEPARTMENT in relation to climatic and stand variables USDA FOREST SERVICE RESEARCH PAPER PSW- 71 /1971 #12;CONTENTS

Standiford, Richard B.

356

PACIFIC SOUTHWEST Forest and Range  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

C. Hathaway, both of the Black Hills National Forest, Custer, South Dakota, provided the necessaryPACIFIC SOUTHWEST Forest and Range FOREST SERVICE U. S.DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE P.O. BOX 245, BERKELEY, CALIFORNIA 94701 Experiment Station USDA FOREST SERVICE RESEARCH PAPER PSW- 96 /1973 #12;CONTENTS

Standiford, Richard B.

357

Arnold Schwarzenegger CALIFORNIA OCEAN WAVE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor CALIFORNIA OCEAN WAVE ENERGY ASSESSMENT Prepared For: California this report as follows: Previsic, Mirko. 2006. California Ocean Wave Energy Assessment. California Energy Systems Integration · Transportation California Ocean Wave Energy Assessment is the final report

358

Laboratory Investigations in Support of Carbon Dioxide-in-Water Emulsions Stabilized by Fine Particles for Ocean and Geologic Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since the submission of our last Semi-annual Report, dated September 2006, the research objectives of this Co-operative Agreement shifted toward geologic sequestration of carbon dioxide. In the period September 2006-February 2007, experiments were conducted in a High-Pressure Batch Reactor (HPBR) for creating emulsions of liquid carbon dioxide (/CO{sub 2})-in-water stabilized by fine particles for geologic sequestration of CO{sub 2}. Also, emulsions were created in water of a binary mixture of liquid carbon dioxide and liquid hydrogen sulfide (/H{sub 2}S), called Acid Gas (AG). This leads to the possibility of safe disposal of AG in deep geologic formations, such as saline aquifers. The stabilizing particles included pulverized limestone (CaCO{sub 3}), unprocessed flyash, collected by an electrostatic precipitator at a local coal-fired power plant, and pulverized siderite (FeCO{sub 3}). Particle size ranged from submicron to a few micrometers. The first important finding is that /CO{sub 2} and /H{sub 2}S freely mix as a binary liquid without phase separation. The next finding is that the mixture of /CO{sub 2} and /H{sub 2}S can be emulsified in water using fine particles as emulsifying agents. Such emulsions are stable over prolonged periods, so it should not be a problem to inject an emulsion into subterranean formations. The advantage of injecting an emulsion into subterranean formations is that it is denser than the pure liquid, therefore it is likely to disperse in the bottom of the geologic formation, rather than buoying upward (called fingering). In such a fashion, the risk of the liquids escaping from the formation, and possibly re-emerging into the atmosphere, is minimized. This is especially important for H{sub 2}S, because it is a highly toxic gas. Furthermore, the emulsion may interact with the surrounding minerals, causing mineral trapping. This may lead to longer sequestration periods than injecting the pure liquids alone.

Dan Golomb; David Ryan; Eugene Barry

2007-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

359

Ocean General Circulation Models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

1. Definition of Subject The purpose of this text is to provide an introduction to aspects of oceanic general circulation models (OGCMs), an important component of Climate System or Earth System Model (ESM). The role of the ocean in ESMs is described in Chapter XX (EDITOR: PLEASE FIND THE COUPLED CLIMATE or EARTH SYSTEM MODELING CHAPTERS). The emerging need for understanding the Earths climate system and especially projecting its future evolution has encouraged scientists to explore the dynamical, physical, and biogeochemical processes in the ocean. Understanding the role of these processes in the climate system is an interesting and challenging scientific subject. For example, a research question how much extra heat or CO2 generated by anthropogenic activities can be stored in the deep ocean is not only scientifically interesting but also important in projecting future climate of the earth. Thus, OGCMs have been developed and applied to investigate the various oceanic processes and their role in the climate system.

Yoon, Jin-Ho; Ma, Po-Lun

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

360

Constraining oceanic dust deposition using surface ocean dissolved Al  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Constraining oceanic dust deposition using surface ocean dissolved Al Qin Han,1 J. Keith Moore,1; accepted 7 December 2007; published 12 April 2008. [1] We use measurements of ocean surface dissolved Al (DEAD) model to constrain dust deposition to the oceans. Our Al database contains all available

Zender, Charles

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

A review of global ocean temperature observations: Implications for ocean heat content estimates and climate change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and communications, in Ocean Engineering Planning and Designmicropro?ler, Engineering in the Ocean Environment, Ocean engineering diagnostic data will be transmitted. 5. GLOBAL OCEAN

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Biological Fluxes in the Ocean and Atmospheric pCO2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the ocean; the rest of the ocean is dark, or at least too dark to make a living harvesting energy from light.10.1 INTRODUCTION 275 6.10.2 CHEMICAL REARRANGEMENT OF THE WATERS OF THE OCEAN 276 6.10.2.1 The Organic Carbon redissolution depth 279 6.10.2.4.2 CaCO3 water column redissolution 279 6.10.2.4.3 SiO2 sinking

Archer, David

363

NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-2008) Arctic Fall Temperature Anomalies Greater Than +5 C 2. CAUSES for Reduced Sea Ice #12;[Woodgate et al to the Beaufort Sea Marbled eelpout Walleye pollock Salmon snailfishBigeye sculpin Pacific cod Bering flounder Baseline Observatory Barrow Arctic Haze Air Pollution (Decrease Since the Fall of the USSR) >50% Decrease

Kuligowski, Bob

364

Simple ocean carbon cycle models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Simple ocean carbon cycle models can be used to calculate the rate at which the oceans are likely to absorb CO{sub 2} from the atmosphere. For problems involving steady-state ocean circulation, well calibrated ocean models produce results that are very similar to results obtained using general circulation models. Hence, simple ocean carbon cycle models may be appropriate for use in studies in which the time or expense of running large scale general circulation models would be prohibitive. Simple ocean models have the advantage of being based on a small number of explicit assumptions. The simplicity of these ocean models facilitates the understanding of model results.

Caldeira, K. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Hoffert, M.I. [New York Univ., NY (United States). Dept. of Earth System Sciences; Siegenthaler, U. [Bern Univ. (Switzerland). Inst. fuer Physik

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Evaluate Status of Pacific Lamprey in the Clearwater River and Salmon River Drainages, Idaho, 2009 Technical Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pacific lamprey Lampetra tridentata have received little attention in fishery science until recently, even though abundance has declined significantly along with other anadromous fish species in Idaho. Pacific lamprey in Idaho have to navigate over eight lower Snake River and Columbia River hydroelectric facilities for migration downstream as juveniles to the Pacific Ocean and again as adults migrating upstream to their freshwater spawning grounds in Idaho. The number of adult Pacific lamprey annually entering the Snake River basin at Ice Harbor Dam has declined from an average of over 18,000 during 1962-1969 to fewer than 600 during 1998-2006. Based on potential accessible streams and adult escapement over Lower Granite Dam on the lower Snake River, we estimate that no more than 200 Pacific lamprey adult spawners annually utilize the Clearwater River drainage in Idaho for spawning. We utilized electrofishing in 2000-2006 to capture, enumerate, and obtain biological information regarding rearing Pacific lamprey ammocoetes and macropthalmia to determine the distribution and status of the species in the Clearwater River drainage, Idaho. Present distribution in the Clearwater River drainage is limited to the lower sections of the Lochsa and Selway rivers, the Middle Fork Clearwater River, the mainstem Clearwater River, the South Fork Clearwater River, and the lower 7.5 km of the Red River. In 2006, younger age classes were absent from the Red River.

Cochnauer, Tim; Claire, Christopher [Idaho Department of Fish and Game

2009-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

366

The Southern Pacific, 1901-1985  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Hawley in Iowa 3 8 San Diego & Arizona Railway 59 Portland, Eugene & Eastern Railway 63 Southern Pacific Company, Pacific System, ca. 1922 85 Inside Gateway 9 Modoc Line 6 El Paso & Southwestern's South western Route 101 Southern Pacific's Arizona... representative date, Espee's steam and electric lines, truck and bus operations, plus its maritime system sprawled across a wide domain from Portland, San Francisco, and Los Angeles on the west, to New Orleans on the south, to Saint Louis in the Heartlands...

Hofsommer, Don L.

2008-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

367

Pacific Power- FinAnswer Express  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Pacific Power's FinAnswer Express Program includes incentives and technical assistance for lighting, HVAC and other equipment upgrades that increase energy efficiency and exceed code requirements...

368

Antarctic sea ice control on ocean circulation in present and glacial climates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the modern climate, the ocean below 2 km is mainly filled by waters sinking into the abyss around Antarctica and in the North Atlantic. Paleoproxies indicate that waters of North Atlantic origin were instead absent below ...

Ferrari, Raffaele

369

An Assessment of the Status of Captive Broodstock Technology of Pacific Salmon, 1995 Final Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides guidance for the refinement and use of captive broodstock technology for Pacific salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.) by bringing together information on the husbandry techniques, genetic risks, physiology, nutrition, and pathology affecting captive broodstocks. Captive broodstock rearing of Pacific salmon is an evolving technology, as yet without well defined standards. At present, we regard captive rearing of Pacific salmon as problematic: high mortality rates and low egg viability were common in the programs we reviewed for this report. One of the most important elements in fish husbandry is the culture environment itself. Many captive broodstock programs for Pacific salmon have reared fish from smolt-to-adult in seawater net-pens, and most have shown success in providing gametes for recovery efforts. However, some programs have lost entire brood years to diseases that transmitted rapidly in this medium. Current programs for endangered species of Pacific salmon rear most fish full-term to maturity in fresh well-water, since ground water is low in pathogens and thus helps ensure survival to adulthood. Our review suggested that captive rearing of fish in either freshwater, well-water, or filtered and sterilized seawater supplied to land-based tanks should produce higher survival than culture in seawater net-pens.

Flagg, Thomas A.; Mahnaken, Conrad V.W.; Hard, Jeffrey J.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

The fate of Earth's ocean Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 5(4), 569575 (2001) EGS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The fate of Earth's ocean 569 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 5(4), 569­575 (2001) © EGS The fate of Earth's ocean Christine Bounama, Siegfried Franck and Werner von Bloh Potsdam Institute@pik-potsdam.de Abstract Questions of how water arrived on the Earth's surface, how much water is contained in the Earth

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

371

Woodgate, Arctic Ocean Circulation Page 1:13 February 2012 ARCTIC OCEAN CIRCULATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

deep) Bering Strait, through which about 0.8Sv (1Sv=106 m3 s-1 ) of water enters the Arctic. Properties: 206-221-3268 Accepted for Nature Education Knowledge Project, May 2012 Welcome to the Arctic Ocean Circle, contains deep (~ 4500m) basins, the slowest spreading ridges in the world, and about 15

Washington at Seattle, University of

372

Measurements of air-sea gas exchange at high wind speeds in the Southern Ocean: Implications for global parameterizations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

August 2006. [1] The SOLAS Air-Sea Gas Exchange (SAGE) Experiment was conducted in the western Pacific of air-sea gas exchange. Globally, the dominant control of air-sea gas exchange is turbulent energy as the primary source of energy for the atmospheric and oceanic molecular boundary layers have been derived from

Ho, David

373

Role of AirSea Interaction in the Long Persistence of El Nin~oInduced North Indian Ocean Warming*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Walker circulation adjustments, causing a sustained SST warming in the tropical southwest IO (SWIO) where in the equatorial Pacific with pro- found influences on the global climate. For example, El Nin~o causes sea surfaceRole of Air­Sea Interaction in the Long Persistence of El Nin~o­Induced North Indian Ocean Warming

Xie, Shang-Ping

374

More than two-thirds of the Earth's surface is covered with water, so it is not surprising that the planet's oceans, lakes, rivers, streams and wetlands are considered valuable natural  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that the planet's oceans, lakes, rivers, streams and wetlands are considered valuable natural resources and/stream ecology, wetland science, aquatic- conservation biology and Great Lakes ecosystems. Because of the breadth

Edwards, Paul N.

375

2004 Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study (White Book), which is published annually by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), establishes one of the planning bases for supplying electricity to customers. The White Book contains projections of regional and Federal system load and resource capabilities, along with relevant definitions and explanations. The White Book also contains information obtained from formalized resource planning reports and data submittals including those from individual utilities, the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (Council), and the Pacific Northwest Utilities Conference Committee (PNUCC). The White Book is not an operational planning guide, nor is it used for determining BPA revenues, although the database that generates the data for the White Book analysis contributes to the development of BPA's inventory and ratemaking processes. Operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) is based on a set of criteria different from that used for resource planning decisions. Operational planning is dependent upon real-time or near-term knowledge of system conditions that include expectations of river flows and runoff, market opportunities, availability of reservoir storage, energy exchanges, and other factors affecting the dynamics of operating a power system. The load resource balance of BPA and/or the region is determined by comparing resource availability to an expected level of total retail electricity consumption. Resources include projected energy capability plus contract purchases. Loads include a forecast of retail obligations plus contract obligations. Surplus energy is available when resources are greater than loads. This energy could be marketed to increase revenues. Energy deficits occur when resources are less than loads. These deficits could be met by any combination of the following: better-than-critical water conditions, demand-side management and conservation programs, permanent loss of loads due to economic conditions or closures, additional contract purchases, and/or the addition of new generating resources. The loads and resources analysis in this study simulates the operation of the power system under the current Pacific Northwest Coordination Agreement (PNCA). The PNCA defines the planning and operation of seventeen U.S. Pacific Northwest utilities and other parties with generating facilities within the region's hydroelectric (hydro) system. The hydroregulation study used for the 2004 White Book incorporates measures from the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration Fisheries (NOAA Fisheries) Biological Opinion dated December 2000, and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's 2000 Biological Opinion (2000 FCRPS BiOps) for the Snake River and Columbia River projects. These measures include: (1) Increased flow augmentation for juvenile fish migrations in the Snake and Columbia rivers in the spring and summer; (2) Mandatory spill requirements at the Lower Snake and Columbia dams to provide for non-turbine passage routes for juvenile fish migrants; and (3) Additional flows for Kootenai River white sturgeon in the spring; The hydroregulation criteria for this analysis includes the following: (1) Detailed Operation Plan operation for Treaty reservoirs for Operating Year (OY) 2004; (2) PNCA planning criteria for OY 2004; and (3) Juvenile fish bypass spill levels for 2000 FCRPS BiOps implementation. The 2004 White Book is presented in two documents: (1) this summary document of Federal system and PNW region loads and resources, and (2) a technical appendix which presents regional loads, grouped by major PNW utility categories, and detailed contract and resource information. The technical appendix is available only in electronic form. Individual customer information for marketer contracts is not detailed due to confidentiality agreements. The 2004 White Book analysis updates the 2003 White Book. This analysis projects the yearly average energy consumption and resource availability for the study period, OY 2006 through 2015. The study shows the Federal s

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

2006 Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study (White Book), which is published annually by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), establishes one of the planning bases for supplying electricity to customers. The White Book contains projections of regional and Federal system load and resource capabilities, along with relevant definitions and explanations. The White Book also contains information obtained from formalized resource planning reports and data submittals including those from individual utilities, the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (Council), and the Pacific Northwest Utilities Conference Committee (PNUCC). The White Book is not an operational planning guide, nor is it used for determining BPA revenues, although the database that generates the data for the White Book analysis contributes to the development of BPA's inventory and ratemaking processes. Operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) is based on a set of criteria different from that used for resource planning decisions. Operational planning is dependent upon real-time or near-term knowledge of system conditions that include expectations of river flows and runoff, market opportunities, availability of reservoir storage, energy exchanges, and other factors affecting the dynamics of operating a power system. The load resource balance of both the Federal system and the region is determined by comparing resource availability to an expected level of total retail electricity consumption. Resources include projected energy capability plus contract purchases. Loads include a forecast of retail obligations plus contract obligations. Surplus energy is available when resources are greater than loads. This surplus energy could be marketed to increase revenues. Energy deficits occur when resources are less than loads. These energy deficits will be met by any combination of the following: better-than-critical water conditions, demand-side management and conservation programs, permanent loss of loads due to economic conditions or closures, additional contract purchases, and/or the addition of new generating resources. This study incorporates information on Pacific Northwest (PNW) regional retail loads, contract obligations, and contract resources. This loads and resources analysis simulates the operation of the power system in the PNW. The simulated hydro operation incorporates plant characteristics, streamflows, and non-power requirements from the current Pacific Northwest Coordination Agreement (PNCA). Additional resource capability estimates were provided by BPA, PNW Federal agency, public agency, cooperative, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (USBR), and investor-owned utility (IOU) customers furnished through annual PNUCC data submittals for 2005 and/or direct submittals to BPA. The 2006 White Book is presented in two documents: (1) this summary document of Federal system and PNW region loads and resources, and (2) a technical appendix which presents regional loads, grouped by major PNW utility categories, and detailed contract and resource information. The technical appendix is available only in electronic form. Individual customer information for marketer contracts is not detailed due to confidentiality agreements. The 2006 White Book analysis updates the 2004 White Book. This analysis shows projections of the Federal system and region's yearly average annual energy consumption and resource availability for the study period, OY 2007-2016. The study also presents projections of Federal system and region expected 1-hour monthly peak demand, monthly energy demand, monthly 1-hour peak generating capability, and monthly energy generation for OY 2007, 2011, and 2016. BPA is investigating a new approach in capacity planning depicting the monthly Federal system 120-hour peak generating capability and 120-hour peak surplus/deficit for OY 2007, 2011, and 2016. This document analyzes the PNW's projected loads and available generating resources in two parts: (1) the loads and resources of the Federal system, for which BPA is the marketing agency;

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

2003 Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study (White Book), which is published annually by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), establishes one of the planning bases for supplying electricity to customers. The White Book contains projections of regional and Federal system load and resource capabilities, along with relevant definitions and explanations. The White Book also contains information obtained from formalized resource planning reports and data submittals including those from individual utilities, the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (Council), and the Pacific Northwest Utilities Conference Committee (PNUCC). The White Book is not an operational planning guide, nor is it used for determining BPA revenues, although the database that generates the data for the White Book analysis contributes to the development of BPA's inventory and ratemaking processes. Operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) is based on a set of criteria different from that used for resource planning decisions. Operational planning is dependent upon real-time or near-term knowledge of system conditions that include expectations of river flows and runoff, market opportunities, availability of reservoir storage, energy exchanges, and other factors affecting the dynamics of operating a power system. In this loads and resources study, resource availability is compared to an expected level of total retail electricity consumption. The forecasted annual energy electricity retail load plus contract obligations are subtracted from the sum of the projected annual energy capability of existing resources and contract purchases to determine whether BPA and/or the region will be surplus or deficit. Surplus energy is available when resources are greater than loads. This energy could be marketed to increase revenues. Deficits occur when resources are less than loads. Energy deficits could be met by any combination of the following: better-than-critical water conditions, demand-side management and conservation programs, permanent loss of a load (i.e., due to economic conditions or closures), additional contract purchases, and/or new generating resources. The loads and resources analysis in this study simulates the operation of the power system under the Pacific Northwest Coordination Agreement (PNCA). The PNCA defines the planning and operation of seventeen U.S. Pacific Northwest utilities and other parties with generating facilities within the region's hydroelectric (hydro) system. The hydroregulation study used for the 2003 White Book incorporates measures from the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration Fisheries (NOAA Fisheries) Biological Opinion dated December 2000, and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's 2000 Biological Opinion (2000 FCRPS BiOps) for the Snake River and Columbia River projects. These measures include: (1) Increased flow augmentation for juvenile fish migrations in the Snake and Columbia rivers in the spring and summer; (2) Mandatory spill requirements at the Lower Snake and Columbia dams to provide for non-turbine passage routes for juvenile fish migrants; and (3) Additional flows for Kootenai River white sturgeon in the spring. The hydroregulation criteria for this analysis includes: an updated Detailed Operation Plan for Treaty reservoirs for Operating Year (OY) 2004, updated PNCA planning criteria for OY 2003, and revised juvenile fish bypass spill levels for 2000 FCRPS BiOps implementation. The 2003 White Book is presented in two documents: (1) this summary document of Federal system and PNW region loads and resources, and (2) a technical appendix which presents regional loads, grouped by major PNW utility categories, and detailed contract and resource information. The technical appendix is available only in electronic form. Individual customer information regarding marketer contracts is not detailed due to confidentiality agreements. The 2003 White Book analysis updates the December 2002 White Book. This analysis projects the yearly average energy consumption and resource availability

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Pacific Wind | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth'sOklahoma/GeothermalOrange County is aOrmesaPPT ResearchPacific Wind Facility

379

SeaPower Pacific subsidiary of Renewable Energy Holdings Plc...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SeaPower Pacific subsidiary of Renewable Energy Holdings Plc Carnegie Corporation Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: SeaPower Pacific subsidiary of Renewable Energy Holdings Plc...

380

Secretary Chu Announces Best Buy, Johnson Controls, Pacific Gas...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Best Buy, Johnson Controls, Pacific Gas and Electric, and Veolia to Join National Clean Fleets Partnership Secretary Chu Announces Best Buy, Johnson Controls, Pacific Gas and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Ocean Thermal Extractable Energy Visualization: Final Technical...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Ocean Thermal Extractable Energy Visualization: Final Technical Report Ocean Thermal Extractable Energy Visualization: Final Technical Report Report about the Ocean Thermal...

382

OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION PROGRAMMATIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

M.D. (editor) Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Draftin Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) technology haveThe Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) 2rogrammatic

Sands, M.Dale

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

NOAA/NMFS Developments Initial Assessment of Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of their conclusions, Robert E, Burns, the Deep Ocean Mining Environmental Study project manager for NOAA, said,600 km) southeast of Hawaii, in water about 15,000 feet (5,000 m) deep, The monitoring included samples- tions that the plume moved horizon- tally, carried on slowly moving, deep-water currents. Considerable

384

Stylistic control of ocean water simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

amplitudes defined in the Fourier domain, allowing for creative control of the fluids surface. Such stylized height fields therefore can be simulated to exhibit natural fluid motion as well as to produce dynamic effects such as breaking waves that were...

Root, Christopher Wayne

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

385

Wintertime pytoplankton bloom in the Subarctic Pacific supportedby continental margin iron  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Heightened biological activity was observed in February 1996in the high-nutrient low-chlorophyll (HNLC) subarctic North PacificOcean, a region that is thought to beiron-limited. Here we provideevidence supporting the hypothesis that Ocean Station Papa (OSP) in thesubarctic Pacific received a lateral supply of particulate iron from thecontinental margin off the Aleutian Islands in the winter, coincidentwith the observed biological bloom. Synchrotron X-ray analysis was usedto describe the physical form, chemistry, and depth distributions of ironin size fractionated particulate matter samples. The analysis revealsthat discrete micron-sized iron-rich hotspots are ubiquitous in the upper200m at OSP, more than 900km from the closest coast. The specifics of thechemistry and depth profiles of the Fe hot spots trace them to thecontinental margins. We thus hypothesize that iron hotspots are a markerfor the delivery of iron from the continental margin. We confirm thedelivery of continental margin iron to the open ocean using an oceangeneral circulation model with an iron-like tracer source at thecontinental margin. We suggest that iron from the continental marginstimulated a wintertime phytoplankton bloom, partially relieving the HNLCcondition.

Lam, Phoebe J.; Bishop, James K.B.; Henning, Cara C.; Marcus,Matthew A.; Waychunas, Glenn A.; Fung, Inez

2004-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

386

Demand Response Resources in Pacific Northwest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Demand Response Resources in Pacific Northwest Chuck Goldman Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory cagoldman@lbl.gov Pacific Northwest Demand Response Project Portland OR May 2, 2007 #12;Overview · Typology Annual Reports ­ Journal articles/Technical reports #12;Demand Response Resources · Incentive

387

Arctic ocean long-term acoustic monitoring : ambient noise, environmental correlates, and transients north of Barrow, Alaska  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ocean namely the thickness and concentration of perennial ice coverage is crucial in allowing the water column to retain thermal energy

Roth, Ethan H.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Total Matrix Intercomparison: A Method for Determining the Geometry of Water-Mass Pathways  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ocean tracer distributions have long been used to decompose the deep ocean into constituent water masses, but previous inverse methods have generally been limited to just a few water masses that have been defined by a ...

Gebbie, Geoffrey

389

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory: INstItute for INterfacIaL cataLysIs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Focusing on indigenous coal and recognizing the constraints of air and water neutrality, Pacific Northwest to control product distribution in FTS. By applying our strengths in FTS catalysts, nanoscale catalyst coal components, and as a medium for catalyst delivery and coal pulverization. ReduCed PoLLutants FRo

390

Influence of Western North Pacific Tropical Cyclones on Their Large-Scale Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

water vapor, and sea surface tem- perature (SST)] on an index of TC activity [accumulated cyclone energyInfluence of Western North Pacific Tropical Cyclones on Their Large-Scale Environment ADAM H. SOBEL) tropical cyclones (TCs) on their large-scale environment by lag regressing various large-scale climate

Sobel, Adam

391

Total Precipitable Water  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The simulation was performed on 64K cores of Intrepid, running at 0.25 simulated-years-per-day and taking 25 million core-hours. This is the first simulation using both the CAM5 physics and the highly scalable spectral element dynamical core. The animation of Total Precipitable Water clearly shows hurricanes developing in the Atlantic and Pacific.

None

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Massachusetts Ocean Management Plan (Massachusetts)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Massachusetts Ocean Act of 2008 required the states Secretary of Energy and Environmental Affairs to develop a comprehensive ocean management plan for the state by the end of 2009. That plan...

393

Water Resources Research Center Annual Technical Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Water Supply, the Honolulu Wastewater Division, the state Department of Agriculture, the US Army Pacific #12;Problem and Research Objectives Advanced treatment must be provided to wastewater used

394

Ninth Annual Ocean Renewable Energy Conference  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The future of clean, renewable ocean wave energy will be discussed in depth at the 2014 Ocean Renewable Energy Conference.

395

2006 Nature Publishing Group Episodic fresh surface waters in the Eocene Arctic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and heat supply owing to the influx of waters from adjacent oceans. We suggest that onset and termination

Jakobsson, Martin

396

November 2002 OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

November 2002 OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 208 SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS EARLY CENOZOIC EXTREME CLIMATES -------------------------------- Dr. Jack Baldauf Deputy Director of Science Operations Ocean Drilling Program Texas A&M University Leg Project Manager and Staff Scientist Ocean Drilling Program Texas A&M University 1000 Discovery

397

February 2002 OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

February 2002 OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 204 SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS DRILLING GAS HYDRATES ON HYDRATE -------------------------------- Dr. Jack Baldauf Deputy Director of Science Operations Ocean Drilling Program Texas A&M University Richter Leg Project Manager and Staff Scientist Ocean Drilling Program Texas A&M University 1000 Discovery

398

December 2001 OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

December 2001 OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 203 SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS DRILLING AT THE EQUATORIAL -------------------------------- Dr. Jack Bauldauf Deputy Director of Science Operations Ocean Drilling Program Texas A&M University. Acton Leg Project Manager and Staff Scientist Ocean Drilling Program Texas A&M University 1000 Discovery

399

Open cycle ocean thermal energy conversion system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved open cycle ocean thermal energy conversion system including a flash evaporator for vaporizing relatively warm ocean surface water and an axial flow, elastic fluid turbine having a vertical shaft and axis of rotation. The warm ocean water is transmitted to the evaporator through a first prestressed concrete skirt-conduit structure circumferentially situated about the axis of rotation. The unflashed warm ocean water exits the evaporator through a second prestressed concrete skirt-conduit structure located circumferentially about and radially within the first skirt-conduit structure. The radially inner surface of the second skirt conduit structure constitutes a cylinder which functions as the turbine's outer casing and obviates the need for a conventional outer housing. The turbine includes a radially enlarged disc element attached to the shaft for supporting at least one axial row of radially directed blades through which the steam is expanded. A prestressed concrete inner casing structure of the turbine has upstream and downstream portions respectively situated upstream and downstream from the disc element. The radially outer surfaces of the inner casing portions and radially outer periphery of the axially interposed disc cooperatively form a downwardly radially inwardly tapered surface. An annular steam flowpath of increasing flow area in the downward axial direction is radially bounded by the inner and outer prestressed concrete casing structures. The inner casing portions each include a transversely situated prestressed concrete circular wall for rotatably supporting the turbine shaft and associated structure. The turbine blades are substantially radially coextensive with the steam flowpath and receive steam from the evaporator through an annular array of prestressed concrete stationary vanes which extend between the inner and outer casings to provide structural support therefor and impart a desired flow direction to the steam.

Wittig, J. Michael (West Goshen, PA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Independent Oversight Inspection, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory- December 2003  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Inspection of Environment, Safety, and Health Management at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Pacific Rim Summit on Industrial Biotechnology & Bioenergy  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The ninth annual Pacific Rim Summit on Industrial Biotechnology and Bioenergy will be held from December 79, 2014, in San Diego, California, at the Westin Gaslamp Quarter. Bringing together representatives from various countries all around the Pacific Rim, this event will focus on the growth of the industrial biotechnology and bioenergy sectors in North America and the Asia-Pacific region. Glenn Doyle, BETO's Deployment & Demonstration Technology Manager, will be moderating and speaking at a session on entitled "Utilizing Strategic Partnerships to Grow Your Business" on December 9.

402

Reactive trace metals in the stratified central North Pacific  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Vertical concentration profiles of the dissolved and suspended particulate phases were determined for a suite of reactive trace metals, Al, Fe, Mn, Zn, and Cd, during summertime at a station in the center of the North Pacific gyre. During summer the euphotic zone becomes stratified, forming a shallow (0-25 m), oligotrophic, mixed layer overlying a subsurface (25-140 m), strongly-stratified region. The physical, biological, and chemical structure within the euphotic zone during this period enhanced the effect of atmospheric inputs of Al, Fe, and Mn on mixed layer concentrations. For example, the concentration of dissolved Fe in the surface mixed layer was eighteen times that observed at a depth of 100 m. The observed aeolian signature of these metals matched that predicted from estimates of atmospheric input during the period between the onset of stratification and sampling. The distributions of suspended particulate Al, Fe, and Mn all exhibited minima in the euphotic zone and increased with depth into the main thermocline. Particulate Al and Fe were then uniform with depth below 1000 m before increasing in the near bottom nepheloid layer. Average particulate phase concentrations in intermediate and deep waters of the central North Pacific were 1.0, 0.31, and 0.055 nmol[center dot]kg[sup [minus]1] for Al, Fe, and Mn, respectively. The distribution of particulate Cd exhibited a maximum within the subsurface euphotic zone. Particulate zinc also exhibited a surface maximum, albeit a smaller one. Concentrations of particulate Zn and Cd in intermediate and deep waters were 17 and 0.2 pmol[center dot]kg[sup [minus]1]. Substantial interbasin differences in particulate trace metals occur. Concentrations of suspended particulate Al, Fe, and Mn were three to four times lower in the central North Pacific than recently reported for the central North Atlantic gyre, consistent with differences in atmospheric input to these two regions.

Bruland, K.W. (Univ. of California, Santa Cruz, CA (United States)); Orians, K.J. (Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver (Canada)); Cowen, J.P. (Univ. of Hawaii, Manoa, HI (United States))

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

TransCom 3 inversion intercomparison: Impact of transport model errors on the interannual variability of regional CO 2 fluxes, 1988-2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

East Pacific South Pacific Northern Ocean North AtlanticEast Pacific South Pacific Northern Ocean North Atlanticand South Pacific, and the Northern Ocean) for which there

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Project EARTH-13-RR2: Investigating t Ocean since the Eocene: A novel approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

waters. Due to the deep regeneration of silica in the water co little silicic acid can be entrained from silicic acid in the southern sourced waters. Due to the deep regeneration of silica in the water co littleProject EARTH-13-RR2: Investigating t Ocean since the Eocene: A novel approach Supervisors: R. E. M

Henderson, Gideon

405

Pacific Power- PV Rebate Program (California)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Pacific Power is providing rebates to their customers who install photovoltaic (PV) systems on their homes and facilities. These rebates step down over time as key installation targets are met. As...

406

Diversification of the tropical Pacific avifauna  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the crew at the South Pacific Regional Herbarium, and elsewhere in Fiji, my sincerest thanks for your help throughout the many corners of your beautiful country. Vinaka vakalevu, Mika, Vido, Lulu, Manoa, Nunia, Apaitia, Hilda, Mereia, Siteri, and Isaac...

Andersen, Michael J.

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

407

1993 Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Loads and Resources Study is presented in three documents: (1) this summary of Federal system and Pacific Northwest region loads and resources; (2) a technical appendix detailing forecasted Pacific Northwest economic trends and loads, and (3) a technical appendix detailing the loads and resources for each major Pacific Northwest generating utility. In this loads and resources study, resource availability is compared with a range of forecasted electricity consumption. The forecasted future electricity demands -- firm loads -- are subtracted from the projected capability of existing and {open_quotes}contracted for{close_quotes} resources to determine whether Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and the region will be surplus or deficit. If resources are greater than loads in any particular year or month, there is a surplus of energy and/or capacity, which BPA can sell to increase revenues. Conversely, if firm loads exceed available resources, there is a deficit of energy and/or capacity, and additional conservation, contract purchases, or generating resources will be needed to meet load growth. The Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study analyzes the Pacific Northwest`s projected loads and available generating resources in two parts: (1) the loads and resources of the Federal system, for which BPA is the marketing agency; and (2) the larger Pacific Northwest regional power system, which includes loads and resource in addition to the Federal system. The loads and resources analysis in this study simulates the operation of the power system under the Pacific Northwest Coordination Agreement (PNCA) produced by the Pacific Northwest Coordinating Group. This study presents the Federal system and regional analyses for five load forecasts: high, medium-high, medium, medium-low, and low. This analysis projects the yearly average energy consumption and resource availability for Operating Years (OY) 1994--95 through 2003--04.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Chaotic Lagrangian transport and mixing in the ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamical systems theory approach has been successfully used in physical oceanography for the last two decades to study mixing and transport of water masses in the ocean. The basic theoretical ideas have been borrowed from the phenomenon of chaotic advection in fluids, an analogue of dynamical Hamiltonian chaos in mechanics. The starting point for analysis is a velocity field obtained by this or that way. Being motivated by successful applications of that approach to simplified analytic models of geophysical fluid flows, researchers now work with satellite-derived velocity fields and outputs of sophisticated numerical models of ocean circulation. This review article gives an introduction to some of the basic concepts and methods used to study chaotic mixing and transport in the ocean and a brief overview of recent results with some practical applications of Lagrangian tools to monitor spreading of Fukushima-derived radionuclides in the ocean.

S. V. Prants

2015-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

409

Chaotic Lagrangian transport and mixing in the ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamical systems theory approach has been successfully used in physical oceanography for the last two decades to study mixing and transport of water masses in the ocean. The basic theoretical ideas have been borrowed from the phenomenon of chaotic advection in fluids, an analogue of dynamical Hamiltonian chaos in mechanics. The starting point for analysis is a velocity field obtained by this or that way. Being motivated by successful applications of that approach to simplified analytic models of geophysical fluid flows, researchers now work with satellite-derived velocity fields and outputs of sophisticated numerical models of ocean circulation. This review article gives an introduction to some of the basic concepts and methods used to study chaotic mixing and transport in the ocean and a brief overview of recent results with some practical applications of Lagrangian tools to monitor spreading of Fukushima-derived radionuclides in the ocean.

Prants, S V

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Are extrasolar oceans common throughout the Galaxy?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Light and cold extrasolar planets such as OGLE 2005-BLG-390Lb, a 5.5 Earth-mass planet detected via microlensing, could be frequent in the Galaxy according to some preliminary results from microlensing experiments. These planets can be frozen rocky- or ocean-planets, situated beyond the snow line and, therefore, beyond the habitable zone of their system. They can nonetheless host a layer of liquid water, heated by radiogenic energy, underneath an ice shell surface for billions of years, before freezing completely. These results suggest that oceans under ice, like those suspected to be present on icy moons in the Solar system, could be a common feature of cold low-mass extrasolar planets.

David Ehrenreich; Arnaud Cassan

2007-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

411

1997 Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 1997 White Book is presented in two documents: (1) this summary of Federal system and Pacific Northwest region loads and resources; and (2) a technical appendix detailing the loads and resources for each major Pacific Northwest generating utility. Data detailing Pacific Northwest non-utility generating (NUG) resources is also available upon request. This analysis updates the 1996 pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study, published in December 1996. In this loads and resources study, resource availability is compared with a medium forecast of electricity consumption. This document analyzes the Pacific Northwest`s projected loads and available generating resources in two parts: (1) the loads and resources of the Federal system, for which BPA is the marketing agency; and (2) the larger Pacific Northwest regional power system which includes loads and resources in addition to the Federal system. This study presents the Federal system and regional analyses for the medium load forecast. This analysis projects the yearly average energy consumption and resource availability for Operating Years (OY) 1998--99 through 2007--08.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Army Industrial, Landscaping, and Agricultural Water Use  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory conducted a task for the Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army to quantify the Armys ILA water use and to help improve the data quality and installation water reporting in the Army Energy and Water Reporting System.

McMordie Stoughton, Kate; Loper, Susan A.; Boyd, Brian K.

2014-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

413

E-Print Network 3.0 - antarctic intermediate water Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

intermediate water Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: antarctic intermediate water Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 ON THE OCEANIC RESPONSE...

414

Bralower, T.J., Premoli Silva, I., and Malone, M.J. (Eds.) Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results Volume 198  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MAXIMUM ON SHATSKY RISE, NORTHWEST PACIFIC1 Amanda B. Colosimo,2 Timothy J. Bralower,3 and James C. Zachos, the extent of this shoaling is poorly constrained. Investigation of Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Sites 12091212 at Shatsky Rise, which lies along a depth transect, suggests a minimum lysocline shoaling of ~500 m

Bralower, Timothy J.

415

INTEGRATED OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM United States Implementing Organization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTEGRATED OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM United States Implementing Organization Consortium for Ocean: National Science Foundation _______________________________ David L. Divins Director, Ocean Drilling

416

Ocean Circulation During the Last Glacial Maximum Simulated by PMIP3 Climate Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the intensity of the Atlantic Overturning Circulation (distinguished by the local maximum at approximately 30 N %. In the plot corresponding to the World Ocean Circulation, an increase in the Deep Circulation, associated of the water masses as well as the impact on ocean carbon storage. References: [1] Godfrey J. S., Geophysics

Schmittner, Andreas

417

Influence of ocean winds on the pelagic ecosystem in upwelling regions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Influence of ocean winds on the pelagic ecosystem in upwelling regions Ryan R. Rykaczewski-rich, subsurface water sustains high produc- tivity in the ocean's eastern boundary currents. These ecosystems.g., poultry, swine, and tuna) industries that depend on the fisheries' landings for income and feed. Because

Kudela, Raphael M.

418

The atmospheric ocean: eddies and jets in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in sea surface height across the basin. Similar regions of surface pumping and suction occur in the ACC motions that `pump down' or `suck up' on the water column, respectively. In ocean basins, this surface) is the longest and the strongest oceanic current on the Earth and is the primary means of inter-basin exchange

Thompson, Andrew

419

Methane escape from gas hydrate systems in marine environment, and methane-driven oceanic eruptions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Methane escape from gas hydrate systems in marine environment, and methane-driven oceanic eruptions quantities of CH4 are stored in marine sediment in the form of methane hydrate, bubbles, and dissolved CH4 in pore water. Here I discuss the various pathways for methane to enter the ocean and atmosphere

Zhang, Youxue

420

Pacific Northwest Smart GridPacific Northwest Smart Grid Demonstration ProjectDemonstration Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pacific Northwest Smart GridPacific Northwest Smart Grid Demonstration ProjectDemonstration Project Northwest Power and Conservation Council Lee Hall, BPA Smart Grid Program Manager Tracy Yount, Battelle Electric Grid Research Manager April 14, 2010 PNWD-SA-8921 #12;Agenda · Smart Grid ­ What is it? · PNW

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

90E 120 150E 180 150W 120 90 60 30W 0 30E 60 DSDP Legs 196 ( ), ODP Legs 100210 ( ), IODP Expeditions 301352 ( )  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GREENLAND EUROPE AFRICA SOUTH AMERICA NORTH AMERICA ASIA AUSTRALIA ANTARCTICA INDIAN OCEAN PACIFIC ASIA AUSTRALIA ANTARCTICA INDIAN OCEAN PACIFIC OCEAN ATLANTIC OCEAN ARCTIC OCEAN SOUTHERN OCEAN AMERICA NORTH AMERICA ASIA AUSTRALIA ANTARCTICA INDIAN OCEAN PACIFIC OCEAN ATLANTIC OCEAN ARCTIC OCEAN

422

Taming water waves Case study: Surface Water Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Taming water waves Case study: Surface Water Waves Few things in nature are as dramatic, and potentially dangerous, as ocean waves. The impact they have on our daily lives extends from shipping to the role they play in driving the global climate. From a theoretical viewpoint water waves pose rich

423

INTEGRATED OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM United States Implementing Organization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTEGRATED OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM United States Implementing Organization Consortium for Ocean. ______________________________ David L. Divins Director, Ocean Drilling Programs Consortium for Ocean Leadership, Inc. Washington, D

424

INTEGRATED OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM United States Implementing Organization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTEGRATED OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM United States Implementing Organization Consortium for Ocean. _______________________________ David L. Divins Director, Ocean Drilling Programs Consortium for Ocean Leadership, Inc. Washington, D

425

INTEGRATED OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM United States Implementing Organization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTEGRATED OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM United States Implementing Organization Consortium for Ocean _______________________________ David L. Divins Director, Ocean Drilling Programs Consortium for Ocean Leadership, Inc. Washington, D

426

DRAFT. ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION (OTEC) PILOT PLANTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fifth Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Conference, Februarythe Sixth Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Conference. OceanSixth Ocean Thermal Energy conversion Conference. June 19-

Sullivan, S.M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

VOCALS: The VAMOS Ocean-Cloud-Atmosphere-Land Study  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

VOCALS (VAMOS* Ocean-Cloud-Atmosphere-Land Study) is an international CLIVAR program the major goal of which is to develop and promote scientific activities leading to improved understanding of the Southeast Pacific (SEP) coupled ocean-atmosphere-land system on diurnal to inter-annual timescales. The principal program objectives are: 1) the improved understanding and regional/global model representation of aerosol indirect effects over the SEP; 2) the elimination of systematic errors in the region of coupled atmospheric-ocean general circulation models, and improved model simulations and predictions of the coupled climate in the SEP and global impacts of the system variability. VOCALS is organized into two tightly coordinated components: 1) a Regional Experiment (VOCALSREx), and 2) a Modeling Program (VOCALS-Mod). Extended observations (e.g. IMET buoy, satellites, EPIC/PACS cruises) will provide important additional contextual datasets that help to link the field and the modeling components. The coordination through VOCALS of observational and modeling efforts (Fig. 3) will accelerate the rate at which field data can be used to improve simulations and predictions of the tropical climate variability [Copied from the Vocals Program Summary of June 2007, available as a link from the VOCALS web at http://www.eol.ucar.edu/projects/vocals/]. The CLIVAR sponsored program to under which VOCALS falls is VAMOS, which stands for Variability of the American Monsoon Systems.

Wood, Robert (VOCALS-REx PI, University of Washington); Bretherton, Christopher (GEWEX/GCSS Representative, University of Washington); Huebert, Barry (SOLAS Representative, University of Hawaii); Mechoso, Roberto C. (VOCALS Science Working Group Chair, UCLA); Weller, Robert (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution)

428

Conceptual design of an open-cycle ocean thermal energy conversion net power-producing experiment (OC-OTEC NPPE)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the conceptual design of an experiment to investigate heat and mass transfer and to assess the viability of open-cycle ocean thermal energy conversion (OC-OTEC). The experiment will be developed in two stages, the Heat- and Mass-Transfer Experimental Apparatus (HMTEA) and the Net Power-Producing Experiment (NPPE). The goal for the HMTEA is to test heat exchangers. The goal for the NPPE is to experimentally verify OC-OTEC's feasibility by installing a turbine and testing the power-generating system. The design effort met the goals of both the HMTEA and the NPPE, and duplication of hardware was minimal. The choices made for the design resource water flow rates are consistent with the availability of cold and warm seawater as a result of the seawater systems upgrade carried out by the US Department of Energy (DOE), the state of Hawaii, and the Pacific International Center for High Technology Research. The choices regarding configuration of the system were made based on projected performance, degree of technical risk, schedule, and cost. The cost for the future phase of the design and the development of the HMTEA/NPPE is consistent with the projected future program funding levels. The HMTEA and NPPE were designed cooperatively by PICHTR, Argonne National Laboratory, and Solar Energy Research Institute under the guidance of DOE. The experiment will be located at the DOE's Seacoast Test Facility at the Natural Energy Laboratory of Hawaii, Kailua-Kona, Hawaii. 71 refs., 41 figs., 34 tabs.

Bharathan, D.; Green, H.J.; Link, H.F.; Parsons, B.K.; Parsons, J.M.; Zangrando, F.

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Bringing Water into an Integrated Assessment Framework  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We developed a modeling capability to understand how water is allocated within a river basin and examined present and future water allocations among agriculture, energy production, other human requirements, and ecological needs. Water is an essential natural resource needed for food and fiber production, household and industrial uses, energy production, transportation, tourism and recreation, and the functioning of natural ecosystems. Anthropogenic climate change and population growth are anticipated to impose unprecedented pressure on water resources during this century. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) researchers have pioneered the development of integrated assessment (IA) models for the analysis of energy and economic systems under conditions of climate change. This Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) effort led to the development of a modeling capability to evaluate current and future water allocations between human requirements and ecosystem services. The Water Prototype Model (WPM) was built in STELLA, a computer modeling package with a powerful interface that enables users to construct dynamic models to simulate and integrate many processes (biological, hydrological, economics, sociological). A 150,404-km2 basin in the United States (U.S.) Pacific Northwest region served as the platform for the development of the WPM. About 60% of the study basin is in the state of Washington with the rest in Oregon. The Columbia River runs through the basin for 874 km, starting at the international border with Canada and ending (for the purpose of the simulation) at The Dalles dam. Water enters the basin through precipitation and from streamflows originating from the Columbia River at the international border with Canada, the Spokane River, and the Snake River. Water leaves the basin through evapotranspiration, consumptive uses (irrigation, livestock, domestic, commercial, mining, industrial, and off-stream power generation), and streamflow through The Dalles dam. Water also enters the Columbia River via runoff from land. The model runs on a monthly timescale to account for the impact of seasonal variations of climate, streamflows, and water uses. Data for the model prototype were obtained from national databases and ecosystem model results. The WPM can be run from three sources: 1) directly from STELLA, 2) with the isee Player, or 3) the web version of WPM constructed with NetSim software. When running any of these three versions, the user is presented a screen with a series of buttons, graphs, and a table. Two of the buttons provide the user with background and instructions on how to run the model. Currently, there are five types of scenarios that can be manipulated alone or in combination using the Sliding Input Devices: 1) interannual variability (e.g., El Nio), 2) climate change, 3) salmon policy, 4) future population, and 5) biodiesel production. Overall, the WPM captured the effects of streamflow conditions on hydropower production. Under La Nia conditions, more hydropower is available during all months of the year, with a substantially higher availability during spring and summer. Under El Nio conditions, hydropower would be reduced, with a total decline of 15% from normal weather conditions over the year. A policy of flow augmentation to facilitate the spring migration of smolts to the ocean would also reduce hydropower supply. Modeled hydropower generation was 23% greater than the 81 TWh reported in the 1995 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) database. The modeling capability presented here contains the essential features to conduct basin-scale analyses of water allocation under current and future climates. Due to its underlying data structure iv and conceptual foundation, the WPM should be appropriate to conduct IA modeling at national and global scales.

Izaurralde, Roberto C.; Thomson, Allison M.; Sands, Ronald; Pitcher, Hugh M.

2010-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

430

MID-ATLANTIC REGIONAL OCEAN RESEARCH PLAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

................................................................................. 24 #12;v ASMFC Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission BOEM Bureau of Ocean Energy Management BMPMID-ATLANTIC REGIONAL OCEAN RESEARCH PLAN SEPTEMBER 2012 Sea Grant Mid-Atlantic Ocean Research #12;MID-ATLANTIC REGIONAL OCEAN RESEARCH PLAN SEPTEMBER 2012 Sea Grant Mid-Atlantic Ocean Research

431

ARM - Oceanic Properties  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc Documentation RUC : XDCResearchWarmingMethane Background InformationNewsMediaAlaskaNewsOceanic

432

Water Power for a Clean Energy Future (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Water power technologies harness energy from rivers and oceans to generate electricity for the nation's homes and businesses, and can help the United States meet its pressing energy, environmental, and economic challenges. Water power technologies; fall into two broad categories: conventional hydropower and marine and hydrokinetic technologies. Conventional hydropower uses dams or impoundments to store river water in a reservoir. Marine and hydrokinetic technologies capture energy from waves, tides, ocean currents, free-flowing rivers, streams, and ocean thermal gradients.

Not Available

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Planktivorous fish link coral reef and oceanic food webs : causes and consequences of landscape-scale patterns in fish behavior, diet and growth.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Coral reefs support an abundance of organisms despite being surrounded by oceanic waters characterized by low nutrient levels. Over more than a century of research, (more)

Hanson, Katharine Mary Winston

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

State estimation of the Labrador Sea with a coupled sea ice-ocean adjoint model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sea ice (SI) and ocean variability in marginal polar and subpolar seas are closely coupled. SI variability in the Labrador Sea is of climatic interest because of its relationship to deep convection/mode water formation, ...

Fenty, Ian Gouverneur

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

The tropical cyclone-induced flux of carbon between the ocean and the atmosphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tropical cyclones are known to cause phytoplankton blooms in regions of the ocean that would otherwise support very little life; it is also known that these storms entrain carbon-rich deep water, which can cause ...

Zimmerman, Neil L

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

AUTOMATED UNDERWAY OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC MEASUREMENTS FROM Shawn R. Smith (1)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AUTOMATED UNDERWAY OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC MEASUREMENTS FROM SHIPS Shawn R. Smith (1) , Mark A 32306-2840, USA, Emails: smith@coaps.fsu.edu, mbourassa@coaps.fsu.edu (2) CSIRO Land and Water, PO Box

437

Atmosphere and Ocean: Earth's Heat Engine: GFD Lab notes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Atmosphere and Ocean: Earth's Heat Engine: GFD Lab notes 18 May 2012 UW Hon220c Energy' of water vapor, CO2 and cloud, makes us much warmer than a Marsian (almost no atmosphere. -550C average 2002 clouds, snow, ice, deserts are bright absorbing areas are dark

438

Applied Physics Laboratory College of Ocean and Fishery Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the effects of ocean surface waves on remote sensing techniques and air-sea fluxes of momentum, heat, and gas, and ice, Polar Science Center research- ers have established a year-round observatory in the central basin are especially critical to a Navy commander operating in shallow water. Employing a trained artificial neural

Washington at Seattle, University of

439

INVESTIGATION OF DEEP-WATER CIRCULATION MODES IN THE EARLY CENOZOIC USING NEODYMIUM ISOTOPES FROM FOSSIL FISH DEBRIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The oceans deep-water circulation plays a large role in heat transport across the globe. Circulation in the modern begins where cold, dense surface waters of the North Atlantic and Southern oceans sink to form Atlantic Bottom water. However...

Jones, Landon 1989-

2011-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

440

Ocean Engineering at UNH THE OCEAN ENGINEERING program at UNH provides students with hands-on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-on opportunities for research in ocean renewable energy, remotely operated vehicles, ocean mapping, ocean acousticsOcean Engineering at UNH THE OCEAN ENGINEERING program at UNH provides students with hands, and coastal processes. The Jere A. Chase Ocean Engineering Laboratory is equipped with state

Pringle, James "Jamie"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

An update on modeling land-ice/ocean interactions in CESM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This talk is an update on ongoing land-ice/ocean coupling work within the Community Earth System Model (CESM). The coupling method is designed to allow simulation of a fully dynamic ice/ocean interface, while requiring minimal modification to the existing ocean model (the Parallel Ocean Program, POP). The method makes use of an immersed boundary method (IBM) to represent the geometry of the ice-ocean interface without requiring that the computational grid be modified in time. We show many of the remaining development challenges that need to be addressed in order to perform global, century long climate runs with fully coupled ocean and ice sheet models. These challenges include moving to a new grid where the computational pole is no longer at the true south pole and several changes to the coupler (the software tool used to communicate between model components) to allow the boundary between land and ocean to vary in time. We discuss benefits for ice/ocean coupling that would be gained from longer-term ocean model development to allow for natural salt fluxes (which conserve both water and salt mass, rather than water volume).

Asay-davis, Xylar [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

442

Testing Components of New Community Isopycnal Ocean Circulation Model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ocean and atmosphere are both governed by the same physical laws and models of the two media have many similarities. However, there are critical differences that call for special methods to provide the best simulation. One of the most important difference is that the ocean is nearly opaque to radiation in the visible and infra-red part of the spectrum. For this reason water mass properties in the ocean are conserved along trajectories for long distances and for long periods of time. For this reason isopycnal coordinate models would seem to have a distinct advantage in simulating ocean circulation. In such a model the coordinate surfaces are aligned with the natural paths of near adiabatic, density conserving flow in the main thermocline. The difficulty with this approach is at the upper and lower boundaries of the ocean, which in general do not coincide with density surfaces. For this reason hybrid coordinate models were proposed by Bleck and Boudra (1981) in which Cartesian coordinates were used near the ocean surface and isopycnal coordinates were used in the main thermocline. This feature is now part of the HICOM model (Bleck, 2002).

Bryan, Kirk

2008-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

443

Modeling Ocean Ecosystems: The PARADIGM Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The role of the oceans in Earth systems ecology, and the effects of climate variability on the ocean and its ecosystems, can be understood only by observing, describing, and ultimately predicting the state of the ocean as ...

Rothstein, Lewis M.

444

OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 190 SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

164 Japan __________________ Dr. Jack Baldauf Deputy Director of Science Operations Ocean Drilling under the international Ocean Drilling Program, which is managed by Joint Oceanographic Institutions) Natural Environment Research Council (United Kingdom) European Science Foundation Consortium for the Ocean

445

OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION PROGRAMMATIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

M.D. (editor) Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Draftof ocean thermal energy conversion technology. U.S. Depart~June 1-11, 1980 OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION PROGRAMMATIC

Sands, M.Dale

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION PROGRAMMATIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

M.D. (editor) Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Draftr:he comnercialization of ocean thermal energy conversionJune 1-11, 1980 OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION PROGRAMMATIC

Sands, M.Dale

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION PROGRAMMATIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sands, M.D. (editor) Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC)r:he comnercialization of ocean thermal energy conversionJune 1-11, 1980 OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION PROGRAMMATIC

Sands, M.Dale

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

California Small Hydropower and Ocean Wave Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California Small Hydropower and Ocean Wave Energy Resources IN SUPPORT OF THE 2005 INTEGRATED....................................................................................................................... 9 Ocean Wave Energy................................................................. 21 #12;ii List of Tables Table 1 California Small Hydropower And Ocean Wave Energy Resources Table 2

449

The Asia-Pacific coal technology conference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Asia-Pacific coal technology conference was held in Honolulu, Hawaii, November 14--16, 1989. Topics discussed included the following: Expanded Horizons for US Coal Technology and Coal Trade; Future Coal-Fired Generation and Capacity Requirements of the Philippines; Taiwan Presentation; Korean Presentation; Hong Kong Future Coal Requirements; Indonesian Presentation; Electric Power System in Thailand; Coal in Malaysia -- A Position Paper; The US and Asia: Pacific Partners in Coal and Coal Technology; US Coal Production and Export; US Clean Coal Technologies; Developments in Coal Transport and Utilization; Alternative/Innovative Transport; Electricity Generation in Asia and the Pacific: Power Sector Demand for Coal, Oil and Natural Gas; Role of Clean Coal Technology in the Energy Future of the World; Global Climate Change: A Fossil Energy Perspective; Speaker: The Role of Coal in Meeting Hawaii's Power Needs; and Workshops on Critical Issues Associated with Coal Usage. Individual topics are processed separately for the data bases.

Not Available

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Three Pacific Coast States Join British Columbia to Combat Climate...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Three Pacific Coast States Join British Columbia to Combat Climate Change Three Pacific Coast States Join British Columbia to Combat Climate Change November 6, 2013 - 12:00am...

451

arc western pacific: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cane is then modified to investigate the evolution of the western Pacific Wang, Chunzai 54 10A.7 CLUSTER ANALYSIS OF WESTERN NORTH PACIFIC TROPICAL CYCLONE TRACKS Suzana J....

452

2012 SG Peer Review - Recovery Act: Pacific Northwest Smart Grid...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Principal Investigator Battelle, Pacific Northwest Division Presented at DOE-OE Smart Grid R&D Peer Review June 8, 2012 PNWD-SA-9876 Pacific Northwest Demonstration Project What:...

453

Bees in the Southwest Pacific: Origins, diversity and conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and biodiversity conservation. With impending threats from land use change, invasive species and climate change in island ecosystems. bees / conservation / biodiversity / biogeography / Pacific 1. INTRODUCTIONBees in the Southwest Pacific: Origins, diversity and conservation Scott V. C. GROOM, Michael P

454

Pacific Adaptation Strategy Assistance Program Dynamical Seasonal Forecasting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pacific Adaptation Strategy Assistance Program Dynamical Seasonal Forecasting Seasonal Prediction · POAMA · Issues for future Outline #12;Pacific Adaptation Strategy Assistance Program Major source Adaptation Strategy Assistance Program El Nino Mean State · Easterlies westward surface current upwelling

Lim, Eun-pa

455

An approach to determining nearshore bathymetry using remotely sensed ocean surface dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the hydrodynamic coupling between the water depth and the wave kinematics, methods which would determine the ocean-dimensional algorithm developed to estimate water depths from remotely sensed information of the water surface, using. Wave conditions including monochromatic and irregular waves are simulated in the model. Mean flow

Kirby, James T.

456

November 2002 OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

November 2002 OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 209 SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS DRILLING MANTLE PERIDOTITE ALONG Drilling Program Texas A&M University 1000 Discovery Drive College Station TX 77845-9547 USA -------------------------------- Dr. D. Jay Miller Leg Project Manager and Staff Scientist Ocean Drilling Program Texas A&M University

457

January 2003 OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

January 2003 OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 210 SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS DRILLING THE NEWFOUNDLAND HALF OF THE NEWFOUNDLAND­IBERIA TRANSECT: THE FIRST CONJUGATE MARGIN DRILLING IN A NON-VOLCANIC RIFT Brian E. Tucholke Co Baldauf Deputy Director of Science Operations Ocean Drilling Program Texas A&M University 1000 Discovery

458

The Plastic Ocean Michael Gonsior  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Plastic Ocean Michael Gonsior Bonnie Monteleone, William Cooper, Jennifer O'Keefe, Pamela Seaton, and Maureen Conte #12;#12;#12;Plastic does not biodegrade it photo-degrades breaking down is the plastic cheese wrap? Unfortunately, marine creatures mistake plastics in the ocean for food #12

Boynton, Walter R.

459

GENERATING ELECTRICITY USING OCEAN WAVES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GENERATING ELECTRICITY USING OCEAN WAVES A RENEWABLE SOURCE OF ENERGY REPORT FOR THE HONG KONG ELECTRIC COMPANY LIMITED Dr L F Yeung Mr Paul Hodgson Dr Robin Bradbeer July 2007 #12;Ocean Waves and construction of equipment that could measure and log wave conditions and tide levels at Hoi Ha Wan. Prototypes

Bradbeer, Robin Sarah

460

Permian fusulinids from Pacific northwest and Alaska  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS PALEONTOLOGICAL CONTRIBUTIONS May 23, 1966 Paper 4 PERMIAN FUSULINIDS FROM PACIFIC NORTHWEST AND ALASKA By JoHN W. SKINNER and GARNER L. WILDE Plumbic Oil & Rcfining Company, Midland, Texas CONTENTS PAGE Part 1 PERMIAN... varies Skinner & WildePermian Fusulinids from Pacific Northwest and Alaska 5 FEET FEET FEET 800 1600 111) 7001500IV& 1.1 600 Nev - 9 1400 1111 nibORD NMI ENDMONS rub WINE M- amaimam wom.wen Imo%1111/10 Minh Nev -20 NNW=NM 200 MOD 1000NNW NIPMOM Nev...

Skinner, J. W.; Wilde, G. L.

1966-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Water and Environmental Research Institute of the Western Pacific  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Commonwealth Utility Corporation, CNMI and direct appropriations from the Guam legislature. Currently WERI has research theses in the Environmental Sciences and Biology graduate programs. Following is a list of non In Cooperation with Hawaii District, USGS COMMONWEALTH UTILITY CORPORATION, CNMI Hydraulic Modeling of Saipans

462

PACIFIC NORTHWEST REGIONAL COLLABORATORY ANNUAL REPORT FOR SYNERGY VII (2007)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During this final year of the Pacific Northwest Regional Collaboratory we focused significantly on continuing the relationship between technical teams and government end-users. The main theme of the year was integration. This took the form of data integration via our web portal and integration of our technologies with the end users. The PNWRC's technical portfolio is based on EOS strategies, and focuses on 'applications of national priority: water management, invasive species, coastal management and ecological forecasting.' The products of our technical approaches have been well received by the community of focused end-users. The objective this year was to broaden that community and develop external support to continue and operationalize product development.

Tagestad, Jerry D.; Bolte, John; Guzy, Michael; Woodruff, Dana L.; Humes, Karen; Walden, Von; Wigmosta, Mark S.; Glenn, Nancy; Ames, Dan; Rope, Ronald; Martin, David; Sandgathe, Scott

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

GENETIC POPULATION STRUCTURE OF PSEUDO-NITZSCHIA PUNGENS (BACILLARIOPHYCEAE) FROM THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST AND THE NORTH SEA1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ex Cleve) Hasle is a cosmopolitan diatom commonly occurring in the waters of the Pacific Northwest at least 12 of the 30 described species pro- duce measurable amounts of the neurotoxin DA (Hasle and Syvertsen 1997, Bates 2000, Fryxell and Hasle 2003, Lundholm et al. 2003, Trainer et al. 2008). Molecular

464

Micro-phytoplankton variability at the equatorial Pacific (140W?) during the JGOFS EQPAC Time Series Studies 1992  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Micro-phytoplankton (>20 gm cell size) was sampled in the upper 200 m of the water column at the Pacific equator, 140'W, during two JGOFS EqPac Time Series Studies, in order to determine the changes in the micro-phytoplanlcton assemblage between...

Iriarte, Jose Luis

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

SEARCH FOR EXTRATERRESTRIAL PARTICLES IN SEDIMENT FROM THE SOUTH PACIFIC BARE ZONE. K. Schreiber1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rate suggests that the area may contain an enhanced concentration of extraterrestrial matter, together with MV0502-15JC [5], at 31º 42.194'S, 143º 30.331'W; 5082 m water depth in the South Pacific bare zone). The top 2 m of the core are dominated by dark brown zeolitic clay, followed by a rust

466

Accumulation mode aerosol, pockets of open cells, and particle nucleation in the remote subtropical Pacific marine boundary layer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accumulation mode aerosol, pockets of open cells, and particle nucleation in the remote subtropical in the remote subtropical Pacific marine boundary layer, J. Geophys. Res., 111, D02206, doi:10.1029/2004JD005694 the boundary layer via its action on the budgets of heat and water substance. A plausible consequence may

Russell, Lynn

467

Criteria for an effective water resource planning process  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In examining the present status of water resource planning in the Pacific Northwest, numerous critical inadequacies become readily apparent. One method of minimizing some of these inadequacies is through administrative ...

Bowers, James Myron

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Critical Infrastructure for Ocean Research and Societal Needs in 2030  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The United States has jurisdiction over 3.4 million square miles of oceanâ??an expanse greater than the land area of all fifty states combined. This vast marine area offers researchers opportunities to investigate the oceanâ??s role in an integrated Earth system, but also presents challenges to society, including damaging tsunamis and hurricanes, industrial accidents, and outbreaks of waterborne diseases. The 2010 Gulf of Mexico Deepwater Horizon oil spill and 2011 Japanese earthquake and tsunami are vivid reminders that a broad range of infrastructure is needed to advance our still-incomplete understanding of the ocean. The National Research Council (NRC)â??s Ocean Studies Board was asked by the National Science and Technology Councilâ??s Subcommittee on Ocean Science and Technology, comprised of 25 U.S. government agencies, to examine infrastructure needs for ocean research in the year 2030. This request reflects concern, among a myriad of marine issues, over the present state of aging and obsolete infrastructure, insufficient capacity, growing technological gaps, and declining national leadership in marine technological development; issues brought to the nationâ??s attention in 2004 by the U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy. A 15-member committee of experts identified four themes that encompass 32 future ocean research questionsâ??enabling stewardship of the environment, protecting life and property, promoting economic vitality, and increasing fundamental scientific understanding. Many of the questions in the report (e.g., sea level rise, sustainable fisheries, the global water cycle) reflect challenging, multidisciplinary science questions that are clearly relevant today, and are likely to take decades of effort to solve. As such, U.S. ocean research will require a growing suite of ocean infrastructure for a range of activities, such as high quality, sustained time series observations or autonomous monitoring at a broad range of spatial and temporal scales. Consequently, a coordinated national plan for making future strategic investments becomes an imperative to address societal needs. Such a plan should be based upon known priorities and should be reviewed every 5-10 years to optimize the federal investment. The committee examined the past 20 years of technological advances and ocean infrastructure investments (such as the rise in use of self-propelled, uncrewed, underwater autonomous vehicles), assessed infrastructure that would be required to address future ocean research questions, and characterized ocean infrastructure trends for 2030. One conclusion was that ships will continue to be essential, especially because they provide a platform for enabling other infrastructure â?? autonomous and remotely operated vehicles; samplers and sensors; moorings and cabled systems; and perhaps most importantly, the human assets of scientists, technical staff, and students. A comprehensive, long-term research fleet plan should be implemented in order to retain access to the sea. The current report also calls for continuing U.S. capability to access fully and partially ice-covered seas; supporting innovation, particularly the development of biogeochemical sensors; enhancing computing and modeling capacity and capability; establishing broadly accessible data management facilities; and increasing interdisciplinary education and promoting a technically-skilled workforce. The committee also provided a framework for prioritizing future investment in ocean infrastructure. They recommend that development, maintenance, or replacement of ocean research infrastructure assets should be prioritized in terms of societal benefit, with particular consideration given to usefulness for addressing important science questions; affordability, efficiency, and longevity; and ability to contribute to other missions or applications. These criteria are the foundation for prioritizing ocean research infrastructure investments by estimating

National Research Council

2011-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

469

2013Science Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL),  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2013Science Frontiers #12;Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Laboratory, is pushing the frontiers of science in areas that are critical to the nation's security, health and prosperity. PNNL's science and technology base ranges from basic research

470

TWENTY-FIFTH ANNUAL PACIFIC NORTHWEST  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Daigo Hamura, Tiki Wan, Yuval Mazor Ultra Lightweight Software Test Automation (ULSTA) in an AgileTWENTY-FIFTH ANNUAL PACIFIC NORTHWEST SOFTWARE QUALITY CONFERENCE October 9-10, 2007 Oregon ....................................................................................................................... viii Keynote Address ­ October 9 Schedule Games: Recognizing and Avoiding the Games We Play

Tomkins, Andrew

471

Terrestrial Water Storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ocean Salinity Ocean Temperature Outgoing Longwave Radiationat the ocean surface is the sum of solar radiation (SW),solar radiation reflected upward from beneath the ocean

Rodell, M; Chambers, D P; Famiglietti, Jay

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

2.1 What Does Life Water on Earth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 2.1 What Does Life Require? Water Water on Earth Can exist in all 3 physical states Liquid Solid Gas Not all animals must drink liquid water. Can get water from food. Can get water through metabolism of glucose. Water on Earth Source % of Supply Oceans 97.08 Ice Sheets and Glaciers 1.99 Ground

Cochran-Stafira, D. Liane

473

The circulation of the ocean is usually divided into two parts, a wind-driven circulation that  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Princeton, NJ 08540 #12;2 the solar energy reaching the lowest layers of the atmosphere during the winter, in the formation of new deep water in the North Atlantic and the Southern Ocean. Large volumes of cold polar water occurs and how upwelled deep water returns to the areas of deep-water formation. The main new development

474

Polynyas, Leads in the Southern Ocean -Encyclopedia of the Antarctic The sea ice surrounding Antarctica and covering much of the Southern Ocean is far from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Polynyas, Leads in the Southern Ocean - Encyclopedia of the Antarctic The sea ice surrounding with patches of open water and cracks. Larger, persistent areas of open water within the sea ice pack are called polynyas (a word of Russian origin); while linear cracks in the sea ice are called leads

Renfrew, Ian

475

A REVIEW OF GLOBAL OCEAN TEMPERATURE OBSERVATIONS: IMPLICATIONS FOR OCEAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by taking an inventory of changes in energy storage. The main storage is in the ocean, the latest values, Energy Sustainable Economic, Earth's energy imbalance, and thermosteric sea level rise. Up-to-date estimates are provided

476

Predicting Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Modes with a Climate Modeling Hierarchy -- Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of the project was to determine midlatitude climate predictability associated with tropical-extratropical interactions on interannual-to-interdecadal time scales. Our strategy was to develop and test a hierarchy of climate models, bringing together large GCM-based climate models with simple fluid-dynamical coupled ocean-ice-atmosphere models, through the use of advanced probabilistic network (PN) models. PN models were used to develop a new diagnostic methodology for analyzing coupled ocean-atmosphere interactions in large climate simulations made with the NCAR Parallel Climate Model (PCM), and to make these tools user-friendly and available to other researchers. We focused on interactions between the tropics and extratropics through atmospheric teleconnections (the Hadley cell, Rossby waves and nonlinear circulation regimes) over both the North Atlantic and North Pacific, and the oceans thermohaline circulation (THC) in the Atlantic. We tested the hypothesis that variations in the strength of the THC alter sea surface temperatures in the tropical Atlantic, and that the latter influence the atmosphere in high latitudes through an atmospheric teleconnection, feeding back onto the THC. The PN model framework was used to mediate between the understanding gained with simplified primitive equations models and multi-century simulations made with the PCM. The project team is interdisciplinary and built on an existing synergy between atmospheric and ocean scientists at UCLA, computer scientists at UCI, and climate researchers at the IRI.

Michael Ghil, UCLA; Andrew W. Robertson, IRI, Columbia Univ.; Sergey Kravtsov, U. of Wisconsin, Milwaukee; Padhraic Smyth, UC Irvine

2006-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

477

Ocean Studies Board annual report 1990  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Activities of the Ocean Studies Board fall into three broad categories: promoting the health of ocean sciences in the United States, encouraging the protection and wise use of the ocean and its resources, and applying ocean science to improve national security.

Not Available

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

478

Ocean Studies Board annual report 1990  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Activities of the Ocean Studies Board fall into three broad categories: promoting the health of ocean sciences in the United States, encouraging the protection and wise use of the ocean and its resources, and applying ocean science to improve national security.

Not Available

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

OCEAN-ATMOSPHERE INTERACTION AND TROPICAL CLIMATE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

radiation is the ultimate source of energy for motions in the atmosphere and ocean. Most absorption of solar radiation takes place on the Earth surface, the majority of which is occupied by oceans. Thus oceanic modulate surface radiative flux. Thus, the ocean and atmosphere are a coupled system and their interaction

Xie, Shang-Ping

480

OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 165 SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 165 SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS CARIBBEAN OCEAN HISTORY AND THE CRETACEOUS Scientist, Leg 165 Ocean Drilling Program Texas A&M University Research Park 1000 Discovery Drive College of any portion requires the written consent of the Director, Ocean Drilling Program, Texas A&M University

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 104 SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 104 SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS NORWEGIAN SEA Olav Eldholm Co-Chief Scientist Ocean Drilling Program Texas A & M University College Station, Texas 77843-3469 Pni±ip o Rabinowitz Director Ocean Drilling Program Robert B Kidd Manager of Science Operations Ocean Drilling Program Louis E

482

OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 110 SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 110 SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS LESSER ANTILLES FOREARC J. Casey Moore Staff Science Representative, Leg 110 Ocean Drilling Program Texas A&M University College Station, TX 77843-3469 Philip D. Direct* Ocean Drilling Program Robert B. Kidd Manager of Science Operations Ocean

483

INSTRUCTIONS INTEGRATED OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM (IODP)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE INTEGRATED OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM (IODP) MANUSCRIPT AND PHOTOGRAPH COPYRIGHT, Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, 1000 Discovery Drive, College Station, Texas 77845, USA A signed copyright of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program or any other publications of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program. Author

484

OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 109 PRELIMINARY REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 109 PRELIMINARY REPORT BARE ROCK DRILLING IN THE MID-ATLANTIC RIDGE RIFT 109 Ocean Drilling Program Texas A & M University College Station, TX 77843-3469 Philip D. Rabinowitz Director Ocean Drilling Program Robert B. Kidd Manager of Science Operations Ocean Drilling Program Louis E

485

n CAPABILITY STATEMENT Centre for Ocean Engineering,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

n CAPABILITY STATEMENT Centre for Ocean Engineering, Science and Technology Overview The Centre for Ocean Engineering, Science and Technology (COEST) is dedicated to the ocean, the most fascinating and the most challenging environment for human endeavour. COEST brings together the disciplines of ocean

Liley, David

486

4, 709732, 2007 Ice-shelf ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OSD 4, 709732, 2007 Ice-shelf ocean interactions at Fimbul Ice Shelf M. R. Price Title Page published in Ocean Science Discussions are under open-access review for the journal Ocean Science Ice-shelf ocean interactions at Fimbul Ice Shelf, Antarctica from oxygen isotope ratio measurements M. R. Price 1

Boyer, Edmond

487

Distribution of phytoplankton pigments in the North Pacific Ocean in relation to optical and physical variability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

microscopes, and generally confined to single classes of phytoplankton (i. e. , diatoms by VENRICK, 1971), or they have not been completely representative due to difficulty in preservation of the smaller, fragile forms (HASLE, 1959). TAKAHASHI and HORI...

Ondrusek, Michael Ernest

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

MICRONEKTON OF THE EASTERN TROPICAL PACIFIC OCEAN: FAMILY COMPOSITION, DISTRIBUTION, ABUNDANCE, AND RELATIONS TO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pelamis) from the same areas; agreement between catches and stomach samples was fair for crustaceans

489

The continental margin is a key source of iron to the HNLC North Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

line), and by synchrotron XRF (total) (dashed lines, greycomparison. Error bars on XRF Fe, where present, indicatesynchrotron x-ray fluorescence (XRF) at beamline 10.3.2 at

Lam, P.J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Distributions of crenarchaeal amoA genes and transcripts in the Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Planktonic Crenarchaea are thought to play a key role in chemolithotrophic ammonia oxidation, a critical step of the marine nitrogen (N) cycle. In this study, we examined the spatial distributions of ammonia-oxidizing ...

Church, Matthew J.

491

Understanding the Regional Variability of Eddy Diffusivity in the Pacific Sector of the Southern Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A diagnostic framework is presented, based on the Nakamura effective diffusivity, to investigate the regional variation in eddy diffusivity. Comparison of three different diffusivity calculations enables the effects of ...

Shuckburgh, Emily

492

An Unusual Record of the Lesser Yellow-Legs in the Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Irvin O. Buss Journal: Condor Volume: 58 Issue: 3 (May-June) Section: From Field and Study Year: 1956 Pages: 238

493

Science Fiction Futures and the Ocean as History: Literature, Diaspora, and the Pacific War  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

usage of science fiction in everyday language in the1950s by likening it to neologisms prompted by new military technologies.

Yamamura, Tim

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Literature Review of Unconsolidated Sediment in San Francisco Bay and Nearby Pacific Ocean Coast  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

J. 2006. Under the Golden Gate Bridge views of the sealocated beneath the Golden Gate Bridge. The main north-of Golden Gate. The dashed line near Oakland is bridge

Keller, Barry R.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Alkyl nitrate (C 1 -C 3 ) depth profiles in the tropical Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

concentrations with a [ iPr]/[Et] ratio of 0.10.0. Noat all depths with an [iPr]/[Et] ratio of 0.2 0.0. Thiswith ethyl nitrate with an [iPr]/[Et] ratio of 0.2 0.0.

Dahl, E. E; Yvon-Lewis, S. A; Saltzman, E. S

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Causes of Ocean Surface temperature Changes in Atlantic and Pacific Topical Cyclogenesis Regions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

medres) MIROC3.2(hires) MIUB/ECHO-G MRI- CGCM2.3.2 PCM UKMO-group, Germany/Korea [MIUB/ECHO-G]. B. D. Santer et al. 8.medres) MIROC3.2(hires) MIUB/ECHO-G MRI-CGCM2.3.2 PCM UKMO-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Potential influence of the Pacific Ocean on the Indian summer monsoon and Harappan decline  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Donald* UCLA, Geography, 405 Hilgard Ave, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1524, United States a r t i c l e i n f o), was agrarian ­ using wheat, barley, cattle and other domesticates, included a number of large cities

498

Causes of Ocean Surface temperature Changes in Atlantic and Pacific Topical Cyclogenesis Regions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CM2.0 GFDL-CM2.1 GISS-EH GISS-ER MIROC3.2(medres) MIROC3.2(GISS-AOM, GISS-EH, and GISS-ER]. 11. Institute for NumericalCM2.0 GFDL-CM2.1 GISS-EH GISS-ER MIROC3.2(medres) MIROC3.2(

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Literature Review of Unconsolidated Sediment in San Francisco Bay and Nearby Pacific Ocean Coast  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2009 Literature Review of Unconsolidated Sediment in San2009. Literature review of unconsolidated sediment in Sanmay be difficult to locate. Unconsolidated sediment overlies

Keller, Barry R.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Science Fiction Futures and the Ocean as History: Literature, Diaspora, and the Pacific War  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Eugen, ed. The Art of Treasure Island,. Berkeley, Calif. :of the Worlds Fair on Treasure Island upon the eve of thethe San Francisco Bay, Treasure Island, created as an human-

Yamamura, Tim

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z