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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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1

Equatorial Pacific 13°C Water Eddies in the Eastern Subtropical South Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Argo float profile data are used to analyze warm, salty, weakly stratified, subthermocline eddies of tropical origin in the eastern subtropical South Pacific Ocean. These eddies contain anomalous signatures of the equatorial Pacific “13°C Water” ...

Gregory C. Johnson; Kristene E. McTaggart

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Interannual to Interdecadal Variabilities of the Indonesian Throughflow Source Water Pathways in the Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some of the possible interannual to interdecadal variabilities of the Indonesian Throughflow (ITF) source water pathways in the Pacific Ocean are identified from an ocean reanalysis product provided by the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather ...

Vinu Valsala; Shamil Maksyutov; Raghu Murtugudde

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Estimating the Diapycnal Transport Contribution to Warm Water Volume Variations in the Tropical Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Variations in the warm water volume (WWV) of the equatorial Pacific Ocean are considered a key element of the dynamics of the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon. WWV, a proxy for the upper-ocean heat content, is usually defined as the ...

Jaclyn N. Brown; Alexey V. Fedorov

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Influence of the ITCZ on the Flow of Thermocline Water from the Subtropical to the Equatorial Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The flow of thermocline water from the subtropical to the equatorial Pacific Ocean is investigated using a 2½-layer numerical model. In this system, the lower of the two active layers represents the thermocline region of the ocean, and the upper ...

Peng Lu; Julian P. McCreary Jr.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Modeling the Pacific Ocean  

SciTech Connect

Two numerical models utilizing primitive equations (two momentum equations and a mass continuity equation) simulate the oceanography of the Pacific Ocean from 20{degrees}S to 50{degrees}N. The authors examine the abundant model data through visualization , by animating the appropriate model fields and viewing the time history of each model simulation as a color movie. The animations are used to aid understanding of ocean circulation.

Johnson, M.A.; O' Brien, J.J. (Mesoscale Air-Sea Interaction Group, Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (US))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Circulation of Tritium in the Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The input of bomb tritium into the high-latitude Northern Hemisphere waters has demonstrated the spread of a tracer in three dimensions in the North Pacific Ocean. Subsurface tritium maxima in middle and low latitudes clearly show the importance ...

Rana A. Fine; Joseph L. Reid; H. Göte Östlund

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Why Sequence Subarctic Pacific Ocean?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sequence Subarctic Pacific Ocean? Sequence Subarctic Pacific Ocean? The subarctic Pacific Ocean is one of the areas considered particularly vulnerable to acidification, which could affect the ocean's ability to act as a carbon sink. Global warming affects the food webs and biodiversity in marine ecosystems, especially in regions known as oxygen minimum zones where key components of the global carbon cycle take place. Oxygen minimum zones are found between 200 and 1,000 meters below sea level in the subarctic Pacific, the eastern South Pacific Ocean, the northern parts of the Indian Ocean and Arabian Sea, and off southwestern Africa. As global warming continues, researchers believe the oxygen levels in the oceans will decrease, a change that will extend the boundaries of the oxygen minimum

8

Direct radiometric observations of the water vapor greenhouse effect over the equatorial Pacific ocean  

SciTech Connect

Airborne radiometric measurements were used to determine tropospheric profiles of the clear sky greenhouse effect. At sea surface temperatures (SSTs) larger than 300 kelvin, the clear sky water vapor greenhouse effect was found to increase with SST at a rate of 13 to 15 watts per square meter per kelvin. Satellite measurements of infrared radiances and SSTs indicate that almost 52 percent of the tropical oceans between 20{degrees}N and 20{degrees}S are affected during all seasons. Current general circulation models suggest that the increase in the clear sky water vapor greenhouse effect with SST may have climatic effects on a planetary scale. 23 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

Valero, F.P.J.; Collins, W.D.; Bucholtz, A. [Univ. of California, La Jolla, CA (United States)] [and others

1997-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

9

ARM tropical pacific experiment (ATPEX): Role of cloud, water vapor and convection feedbacks in the coupled ocean/atmosphere system  

SciTech Connect

We have initiated studies that include radiation model validation, improved treatment of the three-dimensional structure of cloud-radiation interactions, and sensitivity runs that will unravel the role of cloud-convection-radiation interactions in the Pacific Sear Surface Temperatures and the overlying Walker and Hadley circulation. The research program is divided into three phases: (1) radiation, (2) cloud parameterization issues; (3) feedback and ocean-atmosphere interactions.

Ramanathan, V.; Barnett, T.P.

1992-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

10

Meridional Heat Transport in the Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The heat transported meridionally in the Pacific Ocean is calculated from the surface heat budgets of Clark and Weare and others; both budgets were based on Bunker's method with different radiation formulas. The meridional heat transport is also ...

L. D. Talley

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Interdecadal Sea Surface Temperature Variability in the Equatorial Pacific Ocean. Part I: The Role of Off-Equatorial Wind Stresses and Oceanic Rossby Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Australian Bureau of Meteorology Research Centre CGCM and a linear first baroclinic-mode ocean shallow-water model (SWM) are used to investigate ocean dynamic forcing mechanisms of the equatorial Pacific Ocean interdecadal sea surface ...

Shayne McGregor; Neil J. Holbrook; Scott B. Power

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Water Mass Export from Drake Passage to the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans: A Lagrangian Model Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The northward export of intermediate water from Drake Passage is investigated in two global ocean general circulation models (GCMs) by means of quantitative particle tracing diagnostics. This study shows that a total of about 23 Sv (Sv ? 106 m3?s?...

Yann Friocourt; Sybren Drijfhout; Bruno Blanke; Sabrina Speich

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Water Masses in the Pacific in CCSM3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An examination of model water masses in the North Pacific Ocean is performed in the Community Climate System version 3 (CCSM3) and its ocean-only counterpart. While the surface properties of the ocean are well represented in both simulations, ...

Lu Anne Thompson; Wei Cheng

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

The Origin of the Pacific Equatorial 13°C Water  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Examination of the vertical distributions of temperature, salinity, oxygen, and nutrient salts in the thermostad of the Equatorial 13°C Water in the eastern Pacific Ocean indicates that local vertical mixing is unimportant in creating the ...

Mizuki Tsuchiya

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Interannual Variability in the Eastern Subtropical North Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interannual variability in the eastern subtropical North Pacific Ocean is investigated using the Naval Research Laboratory Layered Ocean Model (NLOM). Emphasis is placed on examining the nature of westward propagating Rossby waves and their ...

Alan P. Leonardi; Steven L. Morey; James J. O'Brien

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Simulation of the Seasonal Cycle of the Tropical Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a general circulation model of the tropical Pacific Ocean forced with climatological seasonally varying winds, equatorial upwelling and downwelling in adjacent latitudes play central roles in closing the oceanic circulation. The transport of ...

S. G. H. Philander; W. J. Hurlin; A. D. Seigel

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

An Intermediate Model of the Tropical Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An intermediate tropical Pacific Ocean model is developed to bridge the gap between anomaly models of El Niño and ocean general circulation models. The model contains essential physics for reproducing both the annual and interannual variations of ...

Bin Wang; Tianming Li; Ping Chang

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Trophic understanding of tunas of the Southwest Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Trophic understanding of tunas of the Southwest Pacific Ocean WEALTH FROM OCEANS FLAGSHIP Jock Meeting, University of Hawaii November 2012 #12;Tunas and Their Fisheries: Safeguarding Sustainability Ménard, Michel Potier #12;Western subtropical/temperate Pacific: main tuna species Trophic understanding

Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

19

Warming of the North Pacific Ocean: Local Air–Sea Coupling and Remote Climatic Impacts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, global climatic response to the North Pacific oceanic warming is investigated in a series of coupled ocean–atmosphere modeling experiments. In the model, an idealized heating is imposed over the North Pacific Ocean, while the ocean ...

Lixin Wu; Chun Li

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Strengthening of the Pacific Equatorial Undercurrent in the SODA ocean reanalysis: mechanisms, ocean dynamics, and implications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several recent studies utilizing global climate models predict that the Pacific Equatorial Undercurrent (EUC) will strengthen over the 21st century. Here we investigate historical changes in the tropical Pacific using the SODA ocean reanalysis ...

Elizabeth J. Drenkard; Kristopher B. Karnauskas

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

ARM tropical pacific experiment (ATPEX): Role of cloud, water vapor and convection feedbacks in the coupled ocean/atmosphere system. Progress report, September 1, 1991--August 31, 1992  

SciTech Connect

We have initiated studies that include radiation model validation, improved treatment of the three-dimensional structure of cloud-radiation interactions, and sensitivity runs that will unravel the role of cloud-convection-radiation interactions in the Pacific Sear Surface Temperatures and the overlying Walker and Hadley circulation. The research program is divided into three phases: (1) radiation, (2) cloud parameterization issues; (3) feedback and ocean-atmosphere interactions.

Ramanathan, V.; Barnett, T.P.

1992-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

22

Seasonal Variations of Upper Ocean Transport from the Pacific to the Indian Ocean via Indonesian Straits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Seasonal variations of upper-ocean mass transport between the Pacific and Indian Oceans via the Indonesian Throughflow (ITF) are examined using numerical experiments with a 1½-layer, reduced-gravity model forced with specific climatological ...

James T. Potemra

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Did an Open Panama Isthmus Correspond to an Invasion of Pacific Water into the Atlantic?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent general circulation simulations suggest that, prior to the closure of the Panama Isthmus (the narrow strip of land connecting North and South America), low-salinity Pacific Ocean water invaded the Atlantic Ocean via the gap between North ...

Doron Nof; Stephen Van Gorder

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

The export of carbon mediated by mesopelagic fishes in the northeast Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

northeast Pacific Ocean………………………………………………………………………………… 4.1.sound scattering in the ocean. U.S. Government Printingcarbon flux through the ocean's twilight zone. Science 316

Davison, Peter Charles

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Stochastic Analysis of Southern and Pacific Ocean Sea Surface Winds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper shows that the synoptic variability of zonal and meridional midlatitude Pacific and Southern Ocean sea surface winds can be well described by a univariate stochastic dynamical system directly derived from data. The method used to ...

Philip Sura

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

El Niño and Tropical Pacific Ocean Surface Temperatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The spatial and temporal character of El Niño is explored with analyses of tropical Pacific Ocean surface temperatures for the period 1957–76. The data are derived from approximately 5×106 marine weather reports. Maps are illustrated which ...

Bryan C. Weare

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Interannual Dynamics and Thermodynamics of the Indo–Pacific Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A global ocean circulation model, driven by observed interannual fluxes, is used to gain insight into how sea surface temperature anomalies (SSTAs, i.e., variations from the mean seasonal signal) in the tropical and subtropical Indian and Pacific ...

A. Schiller; J. S. Godfrey; P. C. McIntosh; G. Meyers; R. Fiedler

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

A Comment on Long Waves in the Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surface currents near the equator in the eastern Pacific Ocean fluctuate with periods of 21–30 days. Channel model experiments determined that these changes in oscillations are attributed to variations in the intensity of the South Equatorial ...

Anne D. Seigel

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

On the World-wide Circulation of the Deeper Waters of the World Ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

circulation of the Pacific Ocean: Flow patterns, tracers,circulation of the Indian Ocean: Flow patterns, tracers, andthe figures. Fig. 1 Pacific Ocean winds Fig. 2 Pacific Ocean

Reid, Joseph L

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Predictability of Drifter Trajectories in the Tropical Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Predictability of particle motion in the ocean over a timescale of one week is studied using three clusters of buoys consisting of 5–10 drifters deployed in the tropical Pacific Ocean. The analysis is conducted by using three techniques with ...

Tamay M. Özgökmen; Leonid I. Piterbarg; Arthur J. Mariano; Edward H. Ryan

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Public works for water and power development and energy research appropriations for fiscal year 1978. Part I. Corps of Engineers: Lower Mississippi Valley Division; Missouri River Division; North Central Division; Pacific Ocean Division; South Pacific Division; Southwestern Division. Hearings before a Committee on Appropriations, United States Senate, Ninety-Fifth Congress, H. R. 7553  

SciTech Connect

Hearings on Public Works appropriations for fiscal year 1978 were conducted. On February 21, 1977, statements were heard from representatives of the Army Corps of Engineers in support of funds requested for water resources development projects in the Lower Mississippi Valley. On that same date, representatives from the North Central Division of the Corps of Engineers spoke in behalf of their request for funds for 1978. The area covers the north central U.S., from Montana to the St. Lawrence River, and from Canada to within 50 miles of St. Louis. On February 23, 1977, statements were heard from representatives of the South Pacific Division. This area encompasses the states of California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, and portions of the five adjoining states. The Pacific Ocean Division representatives appeared on that same date before the Senate subcommittee. That area extends over the Pacific Ocean from Hawaii to territories of American Samoa and Guam and the Division is responsible for certain regulatory functions in the navigable waters of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. On February 24, 1977, the subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations heard representatives of the Southwestern Division covering portions of 8 states. Also on that date, representatives of the Missouri River Division (Nebraska and parts of 9 other states) presented statements concerning the operation of that system in order to justify that request for funds. (MCW)

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Subduction and Transport in the Indian and Pacific Oceans in a 2 × CO2 Climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Subduction, water mass transformation, and transport rates in the Indo-Pacific Ocean are diagnosed in a recent version of the Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis coupled model. It is found that the subduction across the base of the ...

Oleg A. Saenko; Xiao-Yi Yang; Matthew H. England; Warren G. Lee

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

The 30–60-Day Convection Seesaw between the Tropical Indian and Western Pacific Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The tropical Indian and western Pacific oceans are two prominent action centers for tropical 30–60-day convective variability. When convection is enhanced over the equatorial Indian Ocean, the tropical western Pacific often experiences an ...

Baozhen Zhu; Bin Wang

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Late Cretaceous through Paleogene Reconstruction of Pacific Deep-Water Circulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A growing body of Nd isotope data derived from fish debris and Fe-Mn crusts suggests that the Pacific was characterized by deep-water mass formation in both the North and South Pacific during the Early Paleogene. However, the South Pacific source has not been identified to date. Here we present new fossil fish debris neodymium isotope data from the South Pacific and southern tropical Pacific Ocean Drilling Program and Deep Sea Drilling Project Sites 323, 463, 596, 865 and 869 (paleowater depths spanning 1500 to 5000m) to reconstruct the water mass composition over the time interval ~80 to ~24 Ma. The data indicate a relatively unradiogenic South Pacific water mass composition, and the composition of Nd increases with distance northward. The new tropical Pacific data are consistent with existing records from that region. Analyses of detrital sediment Nd isotopic composition, combined with the dissolved Nd composition recorded by fish debris, suggests that the South Pacific water mass convected in the Pacific sector of the Southern Ocean. We designate this water mass South Pacific Deep Water (SPDW). The Nd isotopic composition of SPDW is more radiogenic than initially hypothesized and the relatively small increase in isotopic composition (from ~-6 to ~-4) during the transit from the Southern Ocean to the tropical Pacific suggests a faster rate of overturning circulation during the greenhouse climate interval than previously thought.

Schubert, Jessica

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Deep-Ocean Bottom Pressure Measurements in the Northeast Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pressure transducers with quartz-crystal resonators are being used to measure deep-ocean bottom pressure in the northeast Pacific as part of a long-term monitoring program. In principal, instrument sensitivity is less than 1 mm for sea-level ...

M. C. Eble; F. I. Gonzalez

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Intermediate-Depth Circulation of the Indian and South Pacific Oceans Measured by Autonomous Floats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of the World Ocean Circulation Experiment, 306 autonomous floats were deployed in the tropical and South Pacific Ocean and 228 were deployed in the Indian Ocean to observe the basinwide circulation near 900-m depth. Mean velocities, ...

Russ E. Davis

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Statistical Relations between Ocean/Atmosphere Fluctuations in the Tropical Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advanced statistical techniques have been used to conduct a study of the relationships between ocean and atmosphere variables in the tropical Pacific Ocean. The results of the study show that the ocean variables can hindcast features of the trade ...

T. P. Barnett

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Structure of Oceanic and Atmospheric Low-Frequency Variability over the Tropical Pacific and Indian Oceans. Part I: COADS Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The recurrent modes of combined oceanic and atmospheric low-frequency variability over the tropical Pacific and Indian oceans are calculated to provide quantitatively and structurally well-defined targets for simulation/prediction studies of ...

Sumant Nigam; Horng-Syi Shen

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

The Annual Cycle in the Tropical Pacific Ocean Based on Assimilated Ocean Data from 1983 to 1992  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analysis of the tropical Pacific Ocean from January 1983 to December 1992 is used to describe the annual cycle, with the main focus on subsurface temperature variations. Some analysis of ocean-current variations are also considered. Monthly ...

Thomas M. Smith; Muthuvel Chelliah

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Impact of Typhoons on the Ocean in the Pacific: ITOP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tropical cyclones (TCs) change the ocean by mixing deeper water into the surface layers, by the direct air–sea exchange of moisture and heat from the sea surface, and by inducing currents, surface waves, and waves internal to the ocean. In turn, the ...

E.A. D'Asaro; P.G. Black; L.R. Centurioni; Y.-T. Chang; S.S. Chen; R. C. Foster; H.C. Graber; P. Harr; V. Hormann; R.-C. Lien; I.-I. Lin; T.B. Sanford; T.-Y. Tang; C.-C. Wu

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Circulation within the Ocean Storms Area Located in the Northeast Pacific Ocean Determined by Inverse Methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An inverse model was applied to hydrographic data obtained from a cruise in the autumn of 1987 in a small area (300 × 250 km) in the northeast Pacific Ocean. The inverse model used geostrophy and a linear ?-plane vorticity equation as dynamical ...

R. J. Matear

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Interannual Variability of Meridional Heat Transport in a Numerical Model of the Upper Equatorial Pacific ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The interannual heat budget of the Pacific equatorial upwelling zone is studied using a primitive equation, a reduced gravity model of the upper Pacific equatorial ocean. The model is forced with monthly mean FSU winds from 1971 to 1990. A ...

Esther C. Brady

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Origin and Pathway of Equatorial 13°C Water in the Pacific Identified by a Simulated Passive Tracer and Its Adjoint  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The origin and pathway of the thermostad water in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean, often referred to as the equatorial 13°C Water, are investigated using a simulated passive tracer and its adjoint, based on circulation estimates of a global ...

Tangdong Qu; Shan Gao; Ichiro Fukumori; Rana A. Fine; Eric J. Lindstrom

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Generalized Inversion of Tropical Atmosphere–Ocean Data and a Coupled Model of the Tropical Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is hypothesized that the circulation of the tropical Pacific Ocean and atmosphere satisfies the equations of a simple coupled model to within errors having specified covariances, and that the Tropical Atmosphere–Ocean array (TAO) measures the ...

Andrew F. Bennett; Boon S. Chua; D. Ed Harrison; Michael J. McPhaden

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Effects of the Indonesian Throughflow on the Pacific and Indian Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Effects of the Indonesian Throughflow (ITF) on the circulation and thermal structure of the Pacific and Indian Oceans are studied by comparing solutions of a near-global ocean general circulation model with open and closed Indonesian passages ...

Tong Lee; Ichiro Fukumori; Dimitris Menemenlis; Zhangfan Xing; Lee-Lueng Fu

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

The Teleconnection between the Western Indian and the Western Pacific Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Shown in this study are a teleconnection pattern relating outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) anomalies over the western Pacific Ocean and sea surface temperature anomalies (SSTAs) over the western Indian Ocean over two seasons [September–October–...

Vasubandhu Misra

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Dynamics of the Biennial Oscillation in the Equatorial Indian and Far Western Pacific Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many investigators have noted strong biennial atmospheric and oceanic variability, phase-locked to the calendar year, over the equatorial Indian and Pacific Oceans. A simple air–sea interaction theory suggests that biennial oscillations in the ...

Allan J. Clarke; Xiang Liu; Stephen Van Gorder

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

A Regional Ocean–Atmosphere Model for Eastern Pacific Climate: Toward Reducing Tropical Biases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The tropical Pacific Ocean is a climatically important region, home to El Niño and the Southern Oscillation. The simulation of its climate remains a challenge for global coupled ocean–atmosphere models, which suffer large biases especially in ...

Shang-Ping Xie; Toru Miyama; Yuqing Wang; Haiming Xu; Simon P. de Szoeke; R. Justin O. Small; Kelvin J. Richards; Takashi Mochizuki; Toshiyuki Awaji

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Scales of Variability in the Equatorial Pacific Inferred form Tropical Atmosphere-Ocean Buoy Array  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The highly temporally resolved time series from the Tropical Atmosphere-Ocean moored buoy array are used to evaluate the scales of thermal variability in the upper equatorial Pacific. The TAO array consists of nearly 70 deep-ocean moorings ...

William S. Kessler; M. C. Spillane; Michael J. McPhaden; D. E. Harrison

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

The Annual Cycle of Circulation of the Southwest Subtropical Pacific, Analyzed in an Ocean GCM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An ocean GCM, interpreted in light of linear models and sparse observations, is used to diagnose the dynamics of the annual cycle of circulation in the western boundary current system of the southwest Pacific Ocean. The simple structure of annual ...

William S. Kessler; Lionel Gourdeau

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

6+ years of acoustic thermometry in the North Pacific Ocean: A cycle of the Pacific decadal oscillation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Acoust. measurements of basin?averaged temperatures have been made in the North Pacific over the last 8 years. The acoustic observations give integral measurements of ocean temperature with the averaging needed to detect weak

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Detection of Rainfall Events Using Underwater Passive Aquatic Sensors and Air–Sea Temperature Changes in the Tropical Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several years of long-term high temporal resolution ocean ambient noise data from the tropical Pacific Ocean are analyzed to detect oceanic rainfall. Ocean ambient noise generated by rainfall and wind are identified through an acoustic ...

Barry B. Ma; Jeffrey A. Nystuen

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Sensitivity of the Simulated Distributions of Water Masses, CFCs, and Bomb 14C to Parameterizations of Mesoscale Tracer Transports in a Model of the North Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A basinwide ocean general circulation model of the North Pacific Ocean is used to study the sensitivity of the simulated distributions of water masses, chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), and bomb carbon-14 isotope (14C) to parameterizations of mesoscale ...

Yongfu Xu; Shigeaki Aoki; Koh Harada

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Ocean dynamics and thermodynamics in the tropical Indo- Pacific region  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

II Observations of the 2004 and 2006 Indian OceanOceans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .magnitudes determined from ocean-bottom pressure gauge data

Drushka, Kyla

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Subduction of South Pacific Tropical Water and Its Equatorward Pathways as Shown by a Simulated Passive Tracer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the subduction of South Pacific Tropical Water (SPTW) and its equatorward pathways using a simulated passive tracer of the consortium Estimating the Circulation & Climate of the Ocean (ECCO). The results show that ...

Tangdong Qu; Shan Gao; Rana A. Fine

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Tropical Oceanic Response to Extratropical Thermal Forcing in a Coupled Climate Model: A Comparison between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The tropical oceanic response to the extratropical thermal forcing is quantitatively estimated in a coupled climate model. This work focuses on comparison of the responses between the tropical Atlantic and Pacific. Under the same extratropical ...

Haijun Yang; Lu Wang

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Vertical Mixing in the Ocean and Its Impact on the Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere System in the Eastern Tropical Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The zonal and meridional asymmetries in the eastern tropical Pacific (the eastern equatorial cold tongue and the northern intertropical convergence zone) are key aspects of the region that are strongly influenced by ocean–atmosphere interactions. ...

Kelvin J. Richards; Shang-Ping Xie; Toru Miyama

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

The Obduction of Equatorial 13°C Water in the Pacific Identified by a Simulated Passive Tracer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The obduction of equatorial 13°C Water in the Pacific is investigated using a simulated passive tracer of the Consortium for Estimating the Circulation and Climate of the Ocean (ECCO). The result shows that the 13°C Water initialized in the ...

Tangdong Qu; Shan Gao; Ichiro Fukumori; Rana A. Fine; Eric J. Lindstrom

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Is There a Meridional Overturning Cell in the Pacific and Indian Oceans?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The diagnostic quasi-island model of Nof addressing the exchange between the South Atlantic and the Southern Ocean is extended to the exchange between the Pacific–Indian Ocean system and the Southern Ocean. The new calculations suggest that, in a ...

Doron Nof

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Bailey, D. A., P. B. Rhines, and S. Hkkinen, 2005: Formation and pathways of North Atlantic Deep Water in a coupled ice-ocean model of the Arctic-North Atlantic Oceans. Climate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water in a coupled ice-ocean model of the Arctic-North Atlantic Oceans. Climate Dyn., 25, doi:10.1007/s. P. Shen, World Scientific, Singapore, 360pp. Yeh, S.- W., and B. P. Kirtman, 2005: Pacific decadal

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Microbe-metazoan interactions at Pacific Ocean methane seeps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from the North Pacific (Aleutian) Margin and the Gulf offrom the North Pacific (Aleutian) Margin and the Gulf ofcold seeps of the eastern aleutian subduction zone. Organic

Thurber, Andrew Reichmann

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Microbe-Metazoan interactions at Pacific Ocean methane seeps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from the North Pacific (Aleutian) Margin and the Gulf offrom the North Pacific (Aleutian) Margin and the Gulf ofcold seeps of the eastern aleutian subduction zone. Organic

Thurber, Andrew R

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Ocean dynamics and thermodynamics in the tropical Indo- Pacific region  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ocean dynamics and thermodynamics in the tropical Indo-Ocean dynamics and thermodynamics in the tropical Indo-affect the dynam- ics and thermodynamics of the upper ocean.

Drushka, Kyla

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Ocean-Cloud-Atmosphere-Land Interactions in the Southeastern Pacific: The VOCALS Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present paper describes the VAMOS Ocean-Cloud-Atmosphere-Land Study (VOCALS), an international research program focused on the improved understanding and modeling of the southeastern Pacific (SEP) climate system on diurnal to interannual timescales. ...

C. R. Mechoso; R. Wood; R. Weller; C. S. Bretherton; A. D. Clarke; H. Coe; C. Fairall; J. T. Farrar; G. Feingold; R. Garreaud; C. Grados; J. McWilliams; S. P. de Szoeke; S. E. Yuter; P. Zuidema

65

Interannual Variation in Net Heating at the Surface of the Tropical Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interannual variations of net surface heating of the tropical Pacific Ocean are analyzed for the period 1957–76. Special emphasis is given to exploring the relationship between these variations and those in sea temperature associated with El Niño/...

Bryan C. Weare

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Indian and Pacific Ocean Influences on Southeast Australian Drought and Soil Moisture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relative influences of Indian and Pacific Ocean modes of variability on Australian rainfall and soil moisture are investigated for seasonal, interannual, and decadal time scales. For the period 1900–2006, observations, reanalysis products, and ...

Caroline C. Ummenhofer; Alexander Sen Gupta; Peter R. Briggs; Matthew H. England; Peter C. McIntosh; Gary A. Meyers; Michael J. Pook; Michael R. Raupach; James S. Risbey

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Pacific Warm Pool Temperature Regulation during TOGA COARE: Upper Ocean Feedback  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Hasselmann feedback model was applied to hindcast western Pacific warm pool sea surface temperatures (SST) with heat flux observations obtained near 2°S, 156°E from October 1992 to February 1993 during the Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere ...

Gary S. E. Lagerloef; Roger Lukas; Robert A. Weller; Steven P. Anderson

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Characteristics of Landfalling Atmospheric Rivers Inferred from Satellite Observations over the Eastern North Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Narrow elongated regions of moisture transport known as atmospheric rivers (ARs), which affect the West Coast of North America, were simultaneously observed over the eastern North Pacific Ocean by the polar orbiting CloudSat and Aqua satellites. ...

Sergey Y. Matrosov

69

Interannual Variability of the Upper Ocean in the Southeast Pacific Stratus Cloud Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Persistent stratus/stratocumulus cloud decks in the southeast Pacific near the coasts of Peru and northern Chile play an important role in regional and global climate variability. Interannual variability of the upper ocean under stratus cloud ...

Toshiaki Shinoda; Jialin Lin

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Freshwater Flux (FWF)-Induced Oceanic Feedback in a Hybrid Coupled Model of the Tropical Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impacts of freshwater flux (FWF) forcing on interannual variability in the tropical Pacific climate system are investigated using a hybrid coupled model (HCM), constructed from an oceanic general circulation model (OGCM) and a simplified ...

Rong-Hua Zhang; Antonio J. Busalacchi

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Mixed Layer Modeling of Intraseasonal Variability in the Tropical Western Pacific and Indian Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sea surface temperature (SST) variations associated with the atmospheric intraseasonal oscillation in the tropical Indian and western Pacific Oceans, are examined using a one-dimensional mixed layer model. Surface fluxes associated with 10 well-...

Toshiaki Shinoda; Harry H. Hendon

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Tropical Indian Ocean Influence on Northwest Pacific Tropical Cyclones in Summer following Strong El Niño  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the summer following a strong El Niño, tropical cyclone (TC) number decreases over the Northwest (NW) Pacific despite little change in local sea surface temperature. The authors’ analysis suggests El Niño–induced tropical Indian Ocean (TIO) ...

Yan Du; Lei Yang; Shang-Ping Xie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

High-Resolution Passive Microwave Observations of Convective Systems over the Tropical Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents high-resolution passive microwave measurements obtained in the western Pacific warm pool region. These measurements represent the most comprehensive such observations of convection over the tropical oceans to date, and were ...

Gary McGaughey; Edward J. Zipser; Roy W. Spencer; Robbie E. Hood

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Diagnostic Model of the Three-Dimensional Circulation in the Upper Equatorial Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To investigate the processes that maintain the large-scale, annual-average thermal structure of the equatorial Pacific, the three-dimensional ocean circulation for a large area is determined from a diagnostic model applied to repeated, meridional ...

Harry L. Bryden; Esther C. Brady

1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

The Generation of Synthetic Sea Surface Temperature Data for the Equatorial Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Synthetic monthly SST anomaly data are constructed using frequency domain analyses of significant principle components derived from reconstructed SST data in the equatorial Pacific Ocean. The model provides insight into the dominant physical ...

J. M. Caron; J. J. O’Brien

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Comparison of Synoptic and Climatologically Mapped Sections in the South Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To understand the extent to which oceanic climate shifts could be detected, a South Pacific climatology has been used to create pseudosections of temperature, salinity, and other tracers along a zonal and meridional lines at 15°S and 90°W, ...

N. L. Bindoff; C. Wunsch

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Northern Hemisphere 700 mb Heights and Pacific Ocean Temperatures for Winter Months  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mean monthly 700 mb height data are analyzed in relation to Pacific Ocean sea-surface temperatures (SST). Instead of treating the winter season as a unit, the data are analyzed separately for December, January and February; some results for ...

Sigmund Fritz

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Variability of Upper Pacific Ocean Overturning in a Coupled Climate Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Variability of subtropical cell (STC) overturning in the upper Pacific Ocean is examined in a coupled climate model in light of large observed changes in STC transport. In a 1000-yr control run, modeled STC variations are smaller than observed, ...

William J. Merryfield; George J. Boer

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Observations of 20-Day Period Meridional Current Oscillations in the Upper Ocean along the Pacific Equator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Prominent oscillations of the meridional current, with a mean period of approximately 20 days, have been observed in the upper ocean over several years from May 1979 to October 1985 using moored current measurements along the Pacific equator at ...

David Halpern; Robert A. Knox; Douglas S. Luther

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Wind-forced Variations in Sea Surface Height in the Northeast Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sea surface height (SSH) anomalies from the Geosat altimeter for the northeast Pacific Ocean were analysed to determine their annual and interannual fluctuations over a 2.5-year period. The interannual anomalies suggested large-scale changes in ...

Kathryn A. Kelly; Michael J. Caruso; Jay A. Austin

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

EPIC2001 and the Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere System of the Tropical East Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Coupled global ocean–atmosphere models currently do a poor job of predicting conditions in the tropical east Pacific, and have a particularly hard time reproducing the annual cycle in this region. This poor performance is probably due to the ...

David J. Raymond; Steven K. Esbensen; Clayton Paulson; Michael Gregg; Christopher S. Bretherton; Walter A. Petersen; Robert Cifelli; Lynn K. Shay; Carter Ohlmann; Paquita Zuidema

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Climate Variability in the Equatorial Pacific Ocean Induced by Decadal Variability of Mixing Coefficient  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The circulation in the equatorial Pacific Ocean is studied in a series of numerical experiments based on an isopycnal coordinate model. The model is subject to monthly mean climatology of wind stress and surface thermohaline forcing. In response ...

Chuan Jiang Huang; Wei Wang; Rui Xin Huang

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

The Annual Cycle of SST in the Eastern Tropical Pacific, Diagnosed in an Ocean GCM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The annual onset of the east Pacific cold tongue is diagnosed in an ocean GCM simulation of the tropical Pacific. The model uses a mixed-layer scheme that explicitly simulates the processes of vertical exchange of heat and momentum with the ...

William S. Kessler; Lewis M. Rothstein; Dake Chen

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Water-Mass and Transport Variability at 110°W in the Equatorial Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analysis of nine hydrographic sections collected in 1979–81 along 110°W in the equatorial Pacific Ocean is presented. Sections typically sampled the upper 500 m of the water column from 10°N to 3°S. Analysis concentrated on the repeated ...

S. P. Hayes; J. M. Toole; L. J. Mangum

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Structure of Intraseasonal Kelvin Waves in the Equatorial Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous studies have shown that intraseasonal Kelvin waves are a prominent mode of variability in the eastern and central equatorial Pacific. These waves appear to be remotely forced by wind variations in the western Pacific and propagate ...

Eric S. Johnson; Michael J. Mc Phaden

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Steric Sea Level Trends in the Northeast Pacific Ocean: Possible Evidence of Global Sea Level Rise  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thirty-year time series of hydrographic observations from Ocean Station PAPA and Line ‘P’ are used to estimate secular trends in monthly mean steric sea level heights relative to depths of 100 and 1000 decibars in the northeast Pacific Ocean. ...

Richard E. Thomson; Susumu Tabata

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Recent Changes in the Pacific Subtropical Cells Inferred from an Eddy-Resolving Ocean Circulation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study the subtropical cells (STC) in the Pacific Ocean are analyzed using an eddy-resolving ocean general circulation model driven by atmospheric forcing for the years 1992–2003. In particular, the authors seek to identify decadal changes ...

Wei Cheng; Michael J. McPhaden; Dongxiao Zhang; E. Joseph Metzger

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Pacific Ocean Heat Transport at 24°N in a High-Resolution Global Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Meridional heat transport in the North Pacific Ocean in a seasonally forced high-resolution global ocean general circulation model is compared to observations. At 24°N, annual mean heat transport in the model of 0.37×1011W is half the most recent ...

John L. Wilkin; James V. Mansbridge; J. Stuart Godfrey

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Upper-Ocean Heat Budget in Response to the Madden–Julian Oscillation in the Western Equatorial Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The upper-ocean heat budget in response to the atmospheric Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO) in the western equatorial Pacific is examined using a tropical Pacific basin general circulation model. The model is forced with surface fluxes associated ...

Toshiaki Shinoda; Harry H. Hendon

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Using Satellite Ocean Color Data to Derive an Empirical Model for the Penetration Depth of Solar Radiation (Hp) in the Tropical Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Satellite-based ocean color measurements indicate clear evidence for bioclimate interactions in the tropical Pacific associated with El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO). Recent modeling studies have demonstrated that ocean biology can potentially ...

Rong-Hua Zhang; Dake Chen; Guihua Wang

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Seasonal and Long-Term Atmospheric Responses to Reemerging North Pacific Ocean Variability: A Combined Dynamical and Statistical Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The atmospheric response to a North Pacific subsurface oceanic temperature anomaly is studied in a coupled ocean–atmosphere general circulation model using a combined dynamical and statistical approach, with the focus on the evolution at seasonal ...

Zhengyu Liu; Yun Liu; Lixin Wu; R. Jacob

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Freshwater and Heat Changes in the North and South Pacific Oceans between the 1960s and 1985–94  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Comparisons of hydrographic conditions in the North and South Pacific Oceans in the 1960s and 1985–94 have been made along five World Ocean Circulation Experiment sections. Below the seasonal mixed layer, statistically significant temporal ...

Annie P. S. Wong; Nathaniel L. Bindoff; John A. Church

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Surface Heat Balance in the Equatorial Pacific Ocean: Climatology and the Warming Event of 1994–95  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The surface heat budget in the equatorial Pacific Ocean was investigated through ocean model simulations, both the climatological cycle and the case of the 1994–95 warm event. The dominant processes governing the seasonal cycle of sea surface ...

Anna Borovikov; Michele M. Rienecker; Paul S. Schopf

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Decadal Sea Level Variability in the South Pacific in a Global Eddy-Resolving Ocean Model Hindcast  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sea level variability and related oceanic changes in the South Pacific from 1970 to 2003 are investigated using a hindcast simulation of an eddy-resolving ocean general circulation model (OGCM) for the Earth Simulator (OFES), along with sea level ...

Yoshi N. Sasaki; Shoshiro Minobe; Niklas Schneider; Takashi Kagimoto; Masami Nonaka; Hideharu Sasaki

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Interannual-to-Decadal Variations of Tropical–Subtropical Exchange in the Pacific Ocean: Boundary versus Interior Pycnocline Transports  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interannual-to-decadal variations of tropical–subtropical mass exchange in the Pacific Ocean are investigated using a near-global ocean general circulation model along with satellite observations of sea level and wind and a data assimilation ...

Tong Lee; Ichiro Fukumori

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

A Coupled Air-Sea Biennial Mechanism in the Tropical Indian and Pacific Regions: Role of the Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Variations in the upper-ocean beat content are part of a mechanism to explain biennial signals in the tropical Indian and Pacific ocean regions. The mechanism involves modulations of the annual cycle of convection and processes of the dynamically ...

Gerald A. Meehl

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Variational Data Assimilation for Determining the Seasonal Net Surface Heat Flux Using a Tropical Pacific Ocean Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors present a study for determining the seasonal net surface heat flux over the tropical Pacific Ocean using an adjoint technique. A simple tropical ocean model with thermodynamics is chosen and the seasonal sea surface temperature (SST) ...

Lisan Yu; James J. O'Brien

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

On the Influence of Pacific Ocean Temperatures on Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Concentration at Ocean Weather Station P  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study presents an analysis of atmospheric CO2 measurements at Ocean Weather Station P (50°N, 145°W) and sea surface temperatures over the North Pacific for the period 1974–78. The results show that during 1976 and 1977 sea surface ...

Kirby J. Hanson; James T. Peterson; Jerome Namias; Robert Born; C. S. Wong

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Pacific Ocean Contribution to the Asymmetry in Eastern Indian Ocean Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Variations in eastern Indian Ocean upper-ocean thermal properties are assessed for the period 1970–2004, with a particular focus on asymmetric features related to opposite phases of Indian Ocean dipole events, using high-resolution ocean model ...

Caroline C. Ummenhofer; Franziska U. Schwarzkopf; Gary Meyers; Erik Behrens; Arne Biastoch; Claus W. Böning

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Deep Currents in the Central Subarctic Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sections of closely spaced CTD stations along Longs. 165°W, 175°W and 175°E, in combination with 14-month current records from the central longitude, define two deep, nearly zonal currants, with speed increasing upward, in the subarctic Pacific. ...

Bruce A. Warren; W. Brechner Owens

1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

The Annual Rossby Wave in the Central Equatorial Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We attribute observed annual variations in the subthermocline thermal structure of the central equatorial Pacific to a forced gravest-meridional-mode Rossby wave. In the region between 300 and 800 m (where the Väisälä frequency varies slowly and ...

Roger Lukas; Eric Firing

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

The South Pacific and southeast Indian Ocean tropical cyclone season 2000-01  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Twelve tropical cyclones formed in the South Pacific and southeast Indian Ocean during the 2000-01 tropical cyclone season. Of these, four formed in the South Pacific east of 160°E. Cyclone numbers in the Australian region were slightly below average, while numbers in the South Pacific were significantly less than average. The season was characterised by moderate La Niña conditions, weakening towards the end of the season. Cyclone occurrences were linked to active phases of the 30 to 60-day intraseasonal oscillation.

P. W. Bate

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Choked Flows from the Pacific to the Indian Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The author considers two oceanic basins separated by a meridional wall. The wall contains a gap that is initially blocked by a gate; westward winds are allowed to blow over the two-layered oceans creating western boundary currents and a sea level ...

Doron Nof

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

How ocean color can steer Pacific tropical cyclones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Because ocean color alters the absorption of sunlight, it can produce changes in sea surface temperatures with further impacts on atmospheric circulation. These changes can project onto fields previously recognized to alter ...

Gnanadesikan, Anand

105

Different Pacific Ocean Warming Decaying Types and Northwest Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study focuses on statistical analysis of anomalous TC activities and the physical mechanisms behind these anomalies. Different patterns of decaying of the warm sea surface temperature anomaly (SSTA) over the equatorial central-eastern Pacific ...

Yao Ha; Zhong Zhong; Xiuqun Yang; Yuan Sun

106

TOGA-TAO: A Moored Array for Real-time Measurements in the Tropical Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The importance of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation phenomenon in year-to-year fluctuations of the global climate has led to efforts to improve the real-time ocean observing system in the tropical Pacific. One element of this improved system is ...

S. P. Hayes; L. J. Mangum; J. Picaut; A. Sumi; K. Takeuchi

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

THE EARLY LIFE HISTORY OF SKIPJACK TUNA, Katsuwonus pelamis, IN THE PACIFIC OCEAN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE EARLY LIFE HISTORY OF SKIPJACK TUNA, Katsuwonus pelamis, IN THE PACIFIC OCEAN HOWARD O. YOSHIDA' ABSTRAcr This study investigates the early life history of skipjack tuna, including the distribution, abundance, age, and growth. The study is based on 1,742 juvenile skipjack tuna that were found

108

Observations of the Equatorial Intermediate Current in the Western Pacific Ocean (165°E)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Direct current measurements (0–600 m; re. 600 m) were carried out every six months from January 1984 to June 1986 in the western tropical Pacific Ocean (165°E) from 20°S to 10°N. The Equatorial Intermediate Current (EIC) occurred beneath the ...

Thierry Delcroix; Christian Henin

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Low-Frequency Pycnocline Depth Variability at Ocean Weather Station P in the Northeast Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Low-frequency variability of the depth of the main pycnocline at Ocean Weather Station P and over the northeast Pacific is examined in terms of the one-dimensional response to local Ekman pumping according to the Hasselmann stochastic climate ...

Patrick F. Cummins; Gary S. E. Lagerloef

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Heat Exchange Between Ocean and Atmosphere in the Eastern North Pacific for 1961-71  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heat Exchange Between Ocean and Atmosphere in the Eastern North Pacific for 1961-71 N. E. CLARK, L of total heat exchange and departuresfroma long-term mean; 2)long-term monthly mean valuesof the total heat exchange, incom- ing solar radiation, effectiveback radiation, and evaporative and sensible heat transfer

111

The South Pacific and southeast Indian Ocean tropical cyclone season 1998-99  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Twenty tropical cyclones formed in the South Pacific and southeast Indian Ocean region during the 1998- 99 season. An uncharacteristic early start to the season saw the development of cyclone Zelia in early October followed by Alison in early November. But the season was most noted for the development

Sue Oates

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Observation of Long Equatorial Waves in the Pacific Ocean by Seasat Altimetry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Synoptic maps of the mesoscale dynamic topography in a band between 7.5°N and 7.5°S in the Pacific Ocean are drawn from Seasat altimeter data. They show a set of eddies 600 km in diameter and 15–20 cm in amplitude moving westward with a velocity ...

Jean-Pierre Malardé; Claire Perigaud; Pierre De Mey; Jean-Francois Minster

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Geostrophic Circulation in the Tropical North Pacific Ocean Based on Argo Profiles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Absolute geostrophic currents in the North Pacific Ocean are calculated from the newly gridded Argo Profiling float data using the P-vector method for the period of 2004 through 2011. The zonal geostrophic currents based on the Argo profile data ...

Dongliang Yuan; Zhichun Zhang; Peter C. Chu; William K. Dewar

114

Heat Budget of the Upper Ocean in the South-Central Equatorial Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The double intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) over the tropical Pacific, with a spurious band of maximum annual sea surface temperature (SST) south of the equator between 5°S and 10°S, is a chronic bias in coupled ocean–atmosphere models. This ...

Hailong Liu; Wuyin Lin; Minghua Zhang

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Upper Ocean Thermal Response to Strong Autumnal Forcing of the Northeast Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CASID free-drifting thermistor chain buoys that utilized Service ARGOS positioning and data collection were deployed in the northeast Pacific Ocean in the vicinity of OWS-P in late autumn in both 1980 and 1981 as part of the Storm Transfer and ...

W. G. Large; J. C. McWilliams; P. P. Niiler

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Evidence of a 4–6 Day Barotropic, Planetary Oscillation of the Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spectral analysis of scattered island and coastal tide-gage records from the Pacific Ocean reveals the presence of a coherent sea level fluctuation at 4–6 days period. The oscillation is distinct from baroclinic, inertia-gravity wave fluctuations ...

Douglas S. Luther

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

PACIFICA (PACIFic ocean Interior CArbon) Database: A Data Synthesis Resource (NDP-92, ORNL/CDIAC-159)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

PACIFICA (PACIFic ocean Interior CArbon) was an international collaborative project for synthesis of data on ocean interior carbon and its related parameters in the Pacific Ocean. The North Pacific Marine Science Organization (PICES), Section on Carbon and Climate (S-CC) supported the project. Hydrographic/hydrochemical datasets have been merged from a total of 272 cruises, including those from cruises conducted between the late 1980s and 2000 but not included in GLODAP, as well as CLIVAR/CO2 Repeat Hydrography datasets from the 2000s. Adjustments were calculated to account for analytical offsets in dissolved inorganic carbon, total alkalinity, salinity, oxygen, and nutrients (nitrate and nitrite, phosphate, and silicic acid) for each cruise as a result of the secondary quality control procedure, based on crossover analysis using data from deep layers (Tanhua et al., 2010). A total of 59 adjusted datasets from Line P off the west coast of Canada were also merged. Finally, the authors have produced the adjusted PACIFICA database that consists of datasets from a total of 306 cruises that also includes 34 datasets from WOCE Hydrographic Program cruises in the Pacific Ocean conducted in the 1990s. The PACIFICA database is available free of charge as a numeric data package (NDP-92) from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) and the primary PACIFICA data site at pacifica.pices.jp. The NDP consists of the original cruise data files, adjusted data product, and the documentation.

Suzuki, T.; Ishii, M.; Aoyama, M. R; Christian, J. R.; Enyo, K.; Kawano, T.; Key, R. M.; Kosugi, N.; Kozyr, A.; Miller, L. A.; Murata, A.; Nakano, T.; Ono, T.; Saino, T.; Sasaki, K.; Sasano, D; Takatani, Y.; Wakita, M.; Sabine, C.

118

Modeling of North Pacific Climate Variability Forced by Oceanic Heat Flux Anomalies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Potential predictability of low-frequency climate changes in the North Pacific depends on two main factors. The first is the sensitivity of the atmosphere to ocean-induced anomalies at the sea surface in midlatitudes. The second is the degree of ...

Elena Yulaeva; Niklas Schneider; David W. Pierce; Tim P. Barnett

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

North Pacific Mesoscale Coupled Air-Ocean Simulations Compared with Observations  

SciTech Connect

Executive summary The main objective of the study was to investigate atmospheric and ocean interaction processes in the western Pacific and, in particular, effects of significant ocean heat loss in the Kuroshio and Kuroshio Extension regions on the lower and upper atmosphere. It is yet to be determined how significant are these processes are on climate scales. The understanding of these processes led us also to development of the methodology of coupling the Weather and Research Forecasting model with the Parallel Ocean Program model for western Pacific regional weather and climate simulations. We tested NCAR-developed research software Coupler 7 for coupling of the WRF and POP models and assessed its usability for regional-scale applications. We completed test simulations using the Coupler 7 framework, but implemented a standard WRF model code with options for both one- and two-way mode coupling. This type of coupling will allow us to seamlessly incorporate new WRF updates and versions in the future. We also performed a long-term WRF simulation (15 years) covering the entire North Pacific as well as high-resolution simulations of a case study which included extreme ocean heat losses in the Kuroshio and Kuroshio Extension regions. Since the extreme ocean heat loss occurs during winter cold air outbreaks (CAO), we simulated and analyzed a case study of a severe CAO event in January 2000 in detail. We found that the ocean heat loss induced by CAOs is amplified by additional advection from mesocyclones forming on the southern part of the Japan Sea. Large scale synoptic patterns with anomalously strong anticyclone over Siberia and Mongolia, deep Aleutian Low, and the Pacific subtropical ridge are a crucial setup for the CAO. It was found that the onset of the CAO is related to the breaking of atmospheric Rossby waves and vertical transport of vorticity that facilitates meridional advection. The study also indicates that intrinsic parameterization of the surface fluxes within the WRF model needs more evaluation and analysis.

Koracin, Darko; Cerovecki, Ivana; Vellore, Ramesh; Mejia, John; Hatchett, Benjamin; McCord, Travis; McLean, Julie; Dorman, Clive

2013-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

120

Task 3: PNNL Visit by JAEA Researchers to Participate in TODAM Code Applications to Fukushima Rivers and to Evaluate the Feasibility of Adaptation of FLESCOT Code to Simulate Radionuclide Transport in the Pacific Ocean Coastal Water Around Fukushima  

SciTech Connect

Four JAEA researchers visited PNNL for two weeks in February, 2013 to learn the PNNL-developed, unsteady, one-dimensional, river model, TODAM and the PNNL-developed, time-dependent, three dimensional, coastal water model, FLESCOT. These codes predict sediment and contaminant concentrations by accounting sediment-radionuclide interactions, e.g., adsorption/desorption and transport-deposition-resuspension of sediment-sorbed radionuclides. The objective of the river and coastal water modeling is to simulate • 134Cs and 137Cs migration in Fukushima rivers and the coastal water, and • their accumulation in the river and ocean bed along the Fukushima coast. Forecasting the future cesium behavior in the river and coastal water under various scenarios would enable JAEA to assess the effectiveness of various on-land remediation activities and if required, possible river and coastal water clean-up operations to reduce the contamination of the river and coastal water, agricultural products, fish and other aquatic biota. PNNL presented the following during the JAEA visit to PNNL: • TODAM and FLESCOT’s theories and mathematical formulations • TODAM and FLESCOT model structures • Past TODAM and FLESCOT applications • Demonstrating these two codes' capabilities by applying them to simple hypothetical river and coastal water cases. • Initial application of TODAM to the Ukedo River in Fukushima and JAEA researchers' participation in its modeling. PNNL also presented the relevant topics relevant to Fukushima environmental assessment and remediation, including • PNNL molecular modeling and EMSL computer facilities • Cesium adsorption/desorption characteristics • Experiences of connecting molecular science research results to macro model applications to the environment • EMSL tour • Hanford Site road tour. PNNL and JAEA also developed future course of actions for joint research projects on the Fukushima environmental and remediation assessments.

Onishi, Yasuo

2013-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Task 3: PNNL Visit by JAEA Researchers to Participate in TODAM Code Applications to Fukushima Rivers and to Evaluate the Feasibility of Adaptation of FLESCOT Code to Simulate Radionuclide Transport in the Pacific Ocean Coastal Water Around Fukushima  

SciTech Connect

Four JAEA researchers visited PNNL for two weeks in February, 2013 to learn the PNNL-developed, unsteady, one-dimensional, river model, TODAM and the PNNL-developed, time-dependent, three dimensional, coastal water model, FLESCOT. These codes predict sediment and contaminant concentrations by accounting sediment-radionuclide interactions, e.g., adsorption/desorption and transport-deposition-resuspension of sediment-sorbed radionuclides. The objective of the river and coastal water modeling is to simulate • 134Cs and 137Cs migration in Fukushima rivers and the coastal water, and • their accumulation in the river and ocean bed along the Fukushima coast. Forecasting the future cesium behavior in the river and coastal water under various scenarios would enable JAEA to assess the effectiveness of various on-land remediation activities and if required, possible river and coastal water clean-up operations to reduce the contamination of the river and coastal water, agricultural products, fish and other aquatic biota. PNNL presented the following during the JAEA visit to PNNL: • TODAM and FLESCOT’s theories and mathematical formulations • TODAM and FLESCOT model structures • Past TODAM and FLESCOT applications • Demonstrating these two codes' capabilities by applying them to simple hypothetical river and coastal water cases. • Initial application of TODAM to the Ukedo River in Fukushima and JAEA researchers' participation in its modeling. PNNL also presented the relevant topics relevant to Fukushima environmental assessment and remediation, including • PNNL molecular modeling and EMSL computer facilities • Cesium adsorption/desorption characteristics • Experiences of connecting molecular science research results to macro model applications to the environment • EMSL tour • Hanford Site road tour. PNNL and JAEA also developed future course of actions for joint research projects on the Fukushima environmental and remediation assessments.

Onishi, Yasuo

2013-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

122

Liquid Water Oceans in Ice Giants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aptly named, ice giants such as Uranus and Neptune contain significant amounts of water. While this water cannot be present near the cloud tops, it must be abundant in the deep interior. We investigate the likelihood of a liquid water ocean existing in the hydrogen-rich region between the cloud tops and deep interior. Starting from an assumed temperature at a given upper tropospheric pressure (the photosphere), we follow a moist adiabat downward. The mixing ratio of water to hydrogen in the gas phase is small in the photosphere and increases with depth. The mixing ratio in the condensed phase is near unity in the photosphere and decreases with depth; this gives two possible outcomes. If at some pressure level the mixing ratio of water in the gas phase is equal to that in the deep interior, then that level is the cloud base. Alternately, if the mixing ratio of water in the condensed phase reaches that in the deep interior, then the surface of a liquid ocean will occur. We find that Neptune is both too warm (photospheric temperature too high) and too dry (mixing ratio of water in the deep interior too low) for liquid oceans to exist at present. To have a liquid ocean, Neptune's deep interior water to gas ratio would have to be higher than current models allow, and the density at 19 kbar would have to be ~ 0.8 g/cm^3. Such a high density is inconsistent with gravitational data obtained during the Voyager flyby. As Neptune cools, the probability of a liquid ocean increases. Extrasolar "hot Neptunes," which presumably migrate inward toward their parent stars, cannot harbor liquid water oceans unless they have lost almost all of the hydrogen and helium from their deep interiors.

Sloane J. Wiktorowicz; Andrew P. Ingersoll

2006-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

123

Interannual and Decadal Changes in Equatorial Wind Stress in the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans and the Eastern Ocean Coastal Response  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently, Clarke and Lebedev showed that ?, the low-frequency eastward equatorial wind stress zonally averaged along the equator, can, in the case of the Pacific Ocean winds, be linearly estimated by ?p, the surface atmospheric pressure ...

Allan J. Clarke; Anna Lebedev

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

High-Height Long-Period Ocean Waves Generated by a Severe Storm in the Northeast Pacific Ocean during February 1983  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Unusally severe storms occurred in the northeast Pacific Ocean between January and March 1983, and waves from these storms caused extensive erosion and damage along the U.S. west coast. Wave conditions as measured by eight data buoys are ...

Marshall D. Earle; Kathryn A. Bush; Glenn D. Hamilton

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Interdecadal Sea Surface Temperature Variability in the Equatorial Pacific Ocean. Part II: The Role of Equatorial/Off-Equatorial Wind Stresses in a Hybrid Coupled Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many modeling studies have been carried out to investigate the role of oceanic Rossby waves linking the off-equatorial and equatorial Pacific Ocean. Although the equatorial ocean response to off-equatorial wind stress forcing alone tends to be ...

Shayne McGregor; Neil J. Holbrook; Scott B. Power

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

El Nino north - Nino effects in the eastern subarctic Pacific ocean  

SciTech Connect

This book represents the proceedings of a meeting on El Nino effects in the eastern subarctic Pacific, held on 12-13 September 1984 at the Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Seattle, Washington. The papers of the first day focused on the physical environment; the second day was devoted to examining the biological response. These papers show how an El Nino event such as that of 1982-1983 can perturb the ocean and its biota far from the equator and provide some insight into the research required if the environmental effects and their biological consequences are to be successfully predicted.

Wooster, W.S.; Fluharty, D.L. (eds.)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

The Mean and the Time Variability of the Shallow Meridional Overturning Circulation in the Tropical South Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The meridional transport in the Pacific Ocean subtropical cell is studied for the period from 2004 to 2011 using gridded Argo temperature and salinity profiles and atmospheric reanalysis surface winds. The poleward Ekman and equatorward ...

N. V. Zilberman; D. H. Roemmich; S. T. Gille

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

The NCEP GODAS Ocean Analysis of the Tropical Pacific Mixed Layer Heat Budget on Seasonal to Interannual Time Scales  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mixed layer heat budget in the tropical Pacific is diagnosed using pentad (5 day) averaged outputs from the Global Ocean Data Assimilation System (GODAS), which is operational at the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP). The ...

Boyin Huang; Yan Xue; Dongxiao Zhang; Arun Kumar; Michael J. McPhaden

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

A Numerical Study of the Circulation of the Bering Sea Basin and Exchange with the North Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A limited-area, primitive equation, three-layer hydrodynamic model, with realistic coastlines and bathymetry and ?° resolution, is used to investigate the circulation of the Bering Sea basin and the adjacent North pacific ocean. The westward ...

James E. Overland; Michael C. Spillane; Harley E. Hurlburt; Alan J. Wallcraft

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

A Synthetic Aperture Radar–Based Climatology of Open-Cell Convection over the Northeast Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an 8-yr (1999–2006) climatology of the frequency of open-cell convection over the northeastern Pacific Ocean and the thermodynamic and kinematic environment associated with its development. The climatology is based on ...

Todd D. Sikora; George S. Young; Caren M. Fisher; Matthew D. Stepp

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

The Structure and Evolution of Seasonal Wind Anomalies over the Near-equatorial Eastern Indian and Western Pacific Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The longitude–height–time evolution of seasonally averaged wind anomalies over the near-equatorial eastern Indian and western Pacific Oceans is examined, using multiyear time series derived from a network of eight rawinsonde stations. Data at six ...

David S. Gutzler; D. E. Harrison

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

A Basinwide Estimate of Vertical Mixing in the Upper Pycnocline: Spreading of Bomb Tritium in the North Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The vertical diffusivity KV in the upper half-kilometer of the North Pacific subtropical pycnocline is estimated from observations of the spreading rate of anthropogenic tritium. The calculation is based on approximately 300 ocean tritium ...

Dan E. Kelley; Kim A. Van Scoy

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Contributions of ENSO and East Indian Ocean SSTA to the Interannual Variability of Northwest Pacific Tropical Cyclone Frequency  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study attempts to understand contributions of ENSO and the boreal summer sea surface temperature anomaly (SSTA) in the East Indian Ocean (EIO) to the interannual variability of tropical cyclone (TC) frequency over the western North Pacific (...

Ruifen Zhan; Yuqing Wang; Xiaotu Lei

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

A Model Study of Oceanic Mechanisms Affecting Equatorial Pacific Sea Surface Temperature during the 1997–98 El Niño  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, the processes affecting sea surface temperature variability over the 1992–98 period, encompassing the very strong 1997–98 El Niño event, are analyzed. A tropical Pacific Ocean general circulation model, forced by a combination of ...

Jérôme Vialard; Christophe Menkes; Jean-Philippe Boulanger; Pascale Delecluse; Eric Guilyardi; Michael J. McPhaden; Gurvan Madec

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

On the Nature and Causes of Large-Scale Thermal Variability in the Central North Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Long-range Naval aircraft using AXBT's obtained meridional temperature sections from the central Pacific Ocean along 158 and 170°W between 30 and 50°N at approximately monthly intervals between November 1974 and April 1977 (29 months). Analyses ...

T. P. Barnett

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Fitting Dynamic Models to the Geosat Sea Level Observations in the Tropical Pacific Ocean. Part I: A Free Wave Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Free, equatorially trapped sinusoidal wave solutions to a linear model on an equatorial beta plane are used to fit the Geosat altimetric sea level observations in the Tropical Pacific Ocean. The Kalman filter technique is used to estimate the ...

Lee-Lueng Fu; Jorge Vazquez; Claire Perigaud

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Low-Frequency Variability of the Equatorial Pacific Ocean Using a New Pseudostress Dataset: 1930–1989  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interannual and interdecadal variability of the equatorial Pacific are examined using a new pseudostress dataset. The monthly mean pseudostress fields (1930–89)are derived from Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set (COADS) pseudostresses using ...

Jay F. Shriver; James J. O'Brien

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

A Zonally Averaged Ocean Model for the Thermohaline Circulation. Part II: Interocean Circulation in the Pacific-Atlantic Basin System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The zonally averaged, latitude-depth ocean model, developed in Part I, is extended to a two-basin system representing the Atlantic and Pacific. Steady states are calculated under two different surface boundary conditions to study a possible ...

Thomas F. Stocker; Daniel G. Wright

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Observations of the Dispersion Characteristics and Meridional Sea Level Structure of Equatorial Waves in the Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spectral techniques applied to altimetry data are used to examine the dispersion relation and meridional sea level structure of wavelike variability with periods of about 20 to 200 days in the equatorial Pacific Ocean. Zonal wavenumber–frequency ...

J. Thomas Farrar

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

A Joint Statistical and Dynamical Assessment of Atmospheric Response to North Pacific Oceanic Variability in CCSM3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atmospheric response to North Pacific oceanic variability is assessed in Community Climate System Model, version 3 (CCSM3) using two statistical methods and one dynamical method. All methods identify an equivalent barotropic low response to a ...

Yafang Zhong; Zhengyu Liu

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Mid-Cretaceous Palynoflora from Central Mid-Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Albian (late Early Cretaceous) pollen and spores were used to reconstruct the floral history of Allison Guyot in the Albian period, to better understand pollen and spore distributions on mid-oceanic islands, to investigate whether Allison Guyot supported land plants in the Albian, and to test previous hypotheses about the development of the guyot. Albian spores found in Allison Guyot sediments from ODP Leg 143 Site 865 include: Laevigatosporites ovatus, Cyathidites minor, Cicatricosisporites sp., Baculatisporites comaumensis, Ceratosporites equalis, Gleicheniidites senonicus, Leptolepidites verrucatus, Retitriletes circolumenus, Lycopodiacidites dettmannae, Osmundacidites wellmanii, Cicatricosisporites hughesii, Impardecispora excavate, and others. Albian pollen from these samples include Callialasporites dampieri, Ephedra, and others occur in Albian samples. The high abundance of terrestrial palynomorphs in these samples suggests that Allison Guyot was exposed in the Albian and supported land plants. The high frequency of spores (more than 90 percent) reflects a flora dominated by ferns.

Hsiung, Shih-Yi

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Time-Mean Response over the Tropical Pacific to Increased C02 in a Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The time-mean response over the tropical Pacific region to a quadrupling Of CO2 is investigated using a global coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulation model. Tropical Pacific sea surface temperatures (SSTs) rise by about 4°–5°C. The zonal ...

Thomas R. Knutson; Syukuro Manabe

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Relative Contributions of the Indian Ocean and Local SST Anomalies to the Maintenance of the Western North Pacific Anomalous Anticyclone during the El Niño Decaying Summer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To investigate the relative role of the cold SST anomaly (SSTA) in the western North Pacific (WNP) or Indian Ocean basin mode (IOBM) in maintaining an anomalous anticyclone over the western North Pacific (WNPAC) during the El Niño decaying summer,...

Bo Wu; Tim Li; Tianjun Zhou

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

An Evaluation of the National Meteorological Center Weekly Hindcast of Upper-Ocean Temperature along the Eastern Pacific Equator in January 1992  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The upper-ocean temperature distribution along the Pacific equator from 139° to 103°W was observed in January 1992 with temperature profiles recorded from a ship and inferred from an ocean general circulation model calculation involving data ...

David Halpern; Ming Ji

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Investigating the Utility of Using Cross-Oceanic Training Sets for Superensemble Forecasting of Eastern Pacific Tropical Cyclone Track and Intensity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines how combining training-set forecasts from two separate oceanic basins affects the resulting tropical cyclone track and intensity forecasts in a particular oceanic basin. Atlantic and eastern Pacific training sets for 2002 and ...

Mark R. Jordan II; T. N. Krishnamurti; Carol Anne Clayson

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Sea Surface Temperature Biases under the Stratus Cloud Deck in the Southeast Pacific Ocean in 19 IPCC AR4 Coupled General Circulation Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines systematic biases in sea surface temperature (SST) under the stratus cloud deck in the southeast Pacific Ocean and upper-ocean processes relevant to the SST biases in 19 coupled general circulation models (CGCMs) participating ...

Yangxing Zheng; Toshiaki Shinoda; Jia-Lin Lin; George N. Kiladis

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

The South Pacific and southeast Indian Ocean tropical cyclone season 2003-04  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Twelve tropical cyclones (TCs) formed in the combined southeast Indian Ocean and South Pacific Ocean basins, all of which formed between December and March. This was well below the long-term average of 18.9 and becomes the fifth consecutive year of below average occurrences of TCs over this region. However, of the 20 TCs to occur in the southern hemisphere as a whole, eight of those became intense tropical cyclones (ITC), resulting in an above average number of ITCs and ITC days in the southern hemisphere. The El Niño Southern – Oscillation (ENSO) should not have been a modulating influence, in this ENSO-neutral season. The majority of TCs coincided with active phases of the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO).

R. Mcinerney; J. Farlow; E. Henry; B. Lynch; I. Shepherd; T. Smith

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

An Assessment Of Atmospheric Water Budget Components Over Tropical Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Balancing global moisture budgets is a difficult task that is even more challenging at regional scales. Atmospheric water budgets components are investigated within five tropical (15°S, 15°N) ocean regions, including the Indian Ocean, three ...

Paula J. Brown; Christian D. Kummerow

149

The Mean Age of Ocean Waters Inferred from Radiocarbon Observations: Sensitivity to Surface Sources and Accounting for Mixing Histories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A number of previous observational studies have found that the waters of the deep Pacific Ocean have an age, or elapsed time since contact with the surface, of 700–1000 yr. Numerical models suggest ages twice as old. Here, the authors present an ...

Geoffrey Gebbie; Peter Huybers

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Antarctic Intermediate Water and Subantarctic Mode Water Formation in the Southeast Pacific: The Role of Turbulent Mixing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the 2005 austral winter (late August–early October) and 2006 austral summer (February–mid-March) two intensive hydrographic surveys of the southeast Pacific sector of the Southern Ocean were completed. In this study the turbulent kinetic ...

Bernadette M. Sloyan; Lynne D. Talley; Teresa K. Chereskin; Rana Fine; James Holte

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Short-Term Climatic Variability in the Thermal Structure of the Pacific Ocean during 1979–82  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Short-term climatic variability in both sea surface temperature (SST) and vertically averaged temperature over the upper 400 m of ocean (Tav) is mapped over the Pacific from 20°S to 50°N each bimonth for four years from 1979 to 1982, leading up ...

Warren B. White; Gary A. Meyers; Jean Rene Donguy; Stephen E. Pazan

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Mechanisms Involved in the Amplification of the 11-yr Solar Cycle Signal in the Tropical Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is debated whether the response of the tropical Pacific Ocean to the 11-yr solar cycle forcing resembles a La Niña– or El Niño–like signal. To address this issue, ensemble simulations employing an atmospheric general circulation model with and ...

Stergios Misios; Hauke Schmidt

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

A comparison of acoustic thermometry, XBT, TOPEX, and HOT observations of ocean temperature in the northeast Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Time series of temperature have been measured acoustically in the northeast Pacific as part of the Acoustic Thermometry of Ocean Climate (ATOC) project. These time series are compared with other available data types. The acoustic time series of transmissions from the California and Kauai acoustic sources were obtained during 1996–1999. As a result of marine mammal protocols

Brian D. Dushaw; ATOC Group

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Sharp Frontal Interfaces in the Near-Surface Layer of the Ocean in the Western Equatorial Pacific Warm Pool  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the TOGA COARE rich horizontal temperature and salinity variability of the near-surface layer of the ocean in the western Pacific warm pool was observed. High-resolution measurements were made by probes mounted on the bow of the vessel in ...

Alexander Soloviev; Roger Lukas

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Reconstruction of Early Paleogene North Pacific Deep-Water Circulation using the Neodymium Isotopic Composition of Fossil Fish Debris  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To better understand the operating mode of the deep oceans during fundamentally warm climate intervals, we present new Nd isotope data from Deep Sea Drilling Project and Ocean Drilling Program sites in the North Pacific to expand the reconstruction of water mass composition and structure during the early Cenozoic. Fossil fish debris from Sites 192, 464, 465, 883, 884 and 1208 (paleowater depths spanning 900 to 4000 m) were used to reconstruct the water mass composition from ~85 to 30 Ma. The fish debris is shown to not be overprinted as there was no systematic offset between the detrital silicate and the fish debris composition. Cleaned and uncleaned fish debris were both included in the reconstruction of water mass composition as they were found to record the same Nd isotope composition. North Pacific deep water convection occurred from ~67 to 45 Ma, the peak in production is recorded by broadly coincident trends at Sites 192, 464 and 883. Further support for North Pacific deep-water convection during the early Paleogene are the geographic trends in detrital silicate versus fish debris composition, greater separation at the more northerly Emperor Seamount sites, and the location of the most radiogenic detrital values at the Emperor Seamount sites. The Emperor Seamount chain likely played a major role in the flow of the North Pacific deep-water mass as it acted as a physical barrier to flow at deep-water sites compared to shallow depths (albeit still deep-water). ?Nd values indicate the timing of the cessation of major, deep convection in the North Pacific occurred much earlier, ~52 Ma than the timing obtained from shallower Shatsky Rise sites, ~45 Ma. Convection in the North Pacific likely produced a dense water mass that influenced the deeper sites in this study more than the shallower sites until ~52 Ma when convection was not as intense or the waters were not sufficiently dense to impact the deeper sites. Deep water convection was most intense during the relatively “cool” portion of the Late Cretaceous and Early Paleocene.

Hague, Ashley Melissa

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Ocean Water Clarity and the Ocean General Circulation in a Coupled Climate Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ocean water clarity affects the distribution of shortwave heating in the water column. In a one-dimensional time-mean sense, increased clarity would be expected to cool the surface and heat subsurface depths as shortwave radiation penetrates ...

Anand Gnanadesikan; Whit G. Anderson

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Acoustic shadow-zone arrivals at long range in the North Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

range in the ocean References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III Effects of upper ocean processes on at 500- and 1000-kmJune through November from the World Ocean Atlas Database (

Van Uffelen, Lora J.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Control of Decadal and Bidecadal Climate Variability in the Tropical Pacific by the Off-Equatorial South Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Delayed negative feedback processes determining intrinsic decadal and bidecadal time scales for the tropical variability in the Pacific are investigated based on climate model experiments. By comparing a control run driven by preindustrial forcing ...

Hiroaki Tatebe; Yukiko Imada; Masato Mori; Masahide Kimoto; Hiroyasu Hasumi

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

On the Mechanism of Pacific Multidecadal Climate Variability in CCSM3: The Role of the Subpolar North Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous analyses of the Community Climate System Model, version 3 (CCSM3) standard integration have revealed pronounced multidecadal variability in the Pacific climate system. The purpose of the present work is to investigate physical mechanism ...

Yafang Zhong; Zhengyu Liu

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Comparison of Moist Static Energy and Budget between the GCM-Simulated Madden–Julian Oscillation and Observations over the Indian Ocean and Western Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The moist static energy (MSE) anomalies and MSE budget associated with the Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO) simulated in the Iowa State University General Circulation Model (ISUGCM) over the Indian and Pacific Oceans are compared with observations. ...

Xiaoqing Wu; Liping Deng

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

The Southern Oscillation in Surface Circulation and Climate over the Tropical Atlantic, Eastern Pacific, and Indian Oceans as Captured by Cluster Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clusters of sea level pressure (SLP), surface wind, cloudiness, and sea surface temperature (SST) in the domain of the tropical Atlantic, eastern Pacific, and Indian Oceans are introduced and discussed in terms of general circulation and climate. ...

Klaus Wolter

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Decadal Variability of the Indo-Pacific Warm Pool and Its Association with Atmospheric and Oceanic Variability in the NCEP–NCAR and SODA Reanalyses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Decadal variability of the Indo-Pacific warm pool (IPWP) sea surface temperature (SST) and its association with atmospheric and oceanic circulations are investigated with observed 50-yr (1952–2001) SST, and the NCEP–NCAR atmospheric and Simple ...

Hui Wang; Vikram M. Mehta

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Global Climate Variations Connected with Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies in the Eastern Equatorial Pacific Ocean for the 1958–73 Period  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The sea surface temperature anomalies in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean are shown to demarcate a “key region” new 130°W for observed variations in the global general circulation. Various techniques are used to describe global conditions ...

Yi Hong Pan; Abraham H. Oort

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Characteristics of Winter Precipitation Variation over Northern Central Eurasia and Their Connections to Sea Surface Temperatures over the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study reveals spatial and temporal characteristics of precipitation variability and their teleconnections to sea surface temperatures (SSTs) over the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans by analyzing 68 yr of recent precipitation records over the ...

Hengchun Ye

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Simulation of the tropical Pacific climate with a coupled ocean - atmosphere general circulation model. Part II: Interannual variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two multiyear simulations with a coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulation model (GCM)-totaling 45 years-are used to investigate interannual variability at the equator. The model consists of the UCLA global atmospheric GCM coupled to the GFDL oceanic GCM, dynamically active over the tropical Pacific. Multichannel singular spectrum analysis along the equator identifies ENSO-like quasi-biennial (QB) and quasi-quadrennial (QQ) modes. Both consist of predominantly standing oscillations in sea surface temperature and zonal wind stress that peak in the central or east Pacific, accompanied by an oscillation in equatorial thermocline depth that is characterized by a phase shift of about 90{degrees} across the basin, with west leading east. Simulated interannual variability is weaker than observed in both simulations. One of these is dominated by the QB, the other by the QQ mode, although the two differ only in details of the surface-layer parameterizations. 42 refs., 19 figs., 2 tabs.

Robertson, A.W.; Ma, C.C.; Ghil, M. [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)] [and others

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Shewanella loihica sp. nov., isolated from iron-rich microbial mats in the Pacific Ocean  

SciTech Connect

A novel marine bacterial strain, PV-4T, isolated from a microbial mat located at a hydrothermal vent of Loihi Seamount in the Pacific Ocean, has been characterized. This micro-organism is orange in color, Gram-negative, polarly flagellated, facultatively anaerobic and psychrotolerant (temperature range, 0-42 C). No growth was observed with nitrate, nitrite, DMSO or thiosulfate as the electron acceptor and lactate as the electron donor. The major fatty acid detected in strain PV-4T was iso-C15 : 0. Strain PV-4T had ubiquinones consisting mainly of Q-7 and Q-8, and possessed menaquinone MK-7. The DNA G+C content of the strain was 53.8 mol% and the genome size was about 4.5 Mbp. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences placed PV-4T within the genus Shewanella. PV-4T exhibited 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity levels of 99.6 and 97.5 %, respectively, with respect to the type strains of Shewanella aquimarina and Shewanella marisflavi. DNA from strain PV-4T showed low mean levels of relatedness to the DNAs of S. aquimarina (50.5%) and S. marisflavi (8.5%). On the basis of phylogenetic and phenotypic characteristics, the bacterium was classified in the genus Shewanella within a distinct novel species, for which the name Shewanella loihica sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is PV-4T (=ATCC BAA-1088T=DSM 17748T).

Gao, Haichun; Obraztova, Anna; Stewart, Nathan; Popa, Radu; Fredrickson, Jim K.; Tiedje, James M.; Nealson, Kenneth; Zhou, Jizhong

2006-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

167

On the Contrast between the Seasonal Cycles of the Equatorial Atlantic and Pacific Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although the winds on the equator at 28°W in the Atlantic and 140°W in the Pacific have similar seasonal variations, the current fluctuations have pronounced differences. In the Pacific the maximum speed of the Equatorial Undercurrent, attained ...

S. G. H. Philander; Yi Chao

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

On the Annual Cycle of the Tropical Pacific Atmosphere and Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The annual cycle in sea surface temperature (SST), surface wind and other atmospheric variables in the tropical Pacific are described. The primary data sets of SST and surface wind are derived from ship observations in the Pacific between 29°N ...

John D. Horel

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Tracing Southwest Pacific Bottom Water Using Potential Vorticity and Helium-3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study uses potential vorticity and other tracers to identify the pathways of the densest form of Circumpolar Deep Water in the South Pacific, termed “Southwest Pacific Bottom Water” (SPBW), along the 28.2 kg m?3 surface. This study focuses on ...

Stephanie M. Downes; Robert M. Key; Alejandro H. Orsi; Kevin G. Speer; James H. Swift

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Formation and Circulation of Mode Waters of the North Pacific in a High-Resolution GCM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Formation and circulation of mode waters in the subtropical North Pacific are investigated by performing a numerical simulation with a high-resolution general circulation model. In the model, important features for forming mode waters, such as ...

Hiroyuki Tsujino; Tamaki Yasuda

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Meridional Circulation Cells and the Source Waters of the Pacific Equatorial Undercurrent  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A 3½-layer model is used to study the meridional circulation cells that provide the source waters of the Pacific Equatorial Undercurrent (EUC). Its three active layers represent tropical, thermocline, and upper-intermediate waters, respectively, ...

Peng Lu; Julian P. McCreary Jr.; Barry A. Klinger

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Surface Flux Observations on the Southeastern Tropical Pacific Ocean and Attribution of SST Errors in Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new dataset synthesizes in situ and remote sensing observations from research ships deployed to the southeastern tropical Pacific stratocumulus region for 7 years in boreal fall. Surface meteorology, turbulent and radiative fluxes, aerosols, ...

Simon P. de Szoeke; Christopher W. Fairall; Daniel E. Wolfe; Ludovic Bariteau; Paquita Zuidema

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

An Exchange Window for the Injection of Antarctic Intermediate Water into the South Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Antarctic Intermediate Water (AAIW) occupies the intermediate horizon of most of the world oceans. Formed in the Southern Ocean, it is characterized by a relative salinity minimum. With a new, denser in situ National Oceanographic Data Center ...

Daniele Iudicone; Keith B. Rodgers; Richard Schopp; Gurvan Madec

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Upper-Ocean Salinity Variability in the Tropical Pacific: Case Study for Quasi-Decadal Shift during the 2000s Using TRITON Buoys and Argo Floats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Upper-ocean salinity variation in the tropical Pacific is investigated during the 2000s, when TRITON buoys and Argo floats were deployed and more salinity data were observed than in previous periods. We focus on upper-ocean salinity variability ...

Takuya Hasegawa; Kentaro Ando; Iwao Ueki; Keisuke Mizuno; Shigeki Hosoda

175

A Series of Zonal Jets Embedded in the Broad Zonal Flows in the Pacific Obtained in Eddy-Permitting Ocean General Circulation Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A series of zonal currents in the Pacific Ocean is investigated using eddy-permitting ocean general circulation models. The zonal currents in the subsurface are classified into two parts: one is a series of broad zonal flows that has the ...

Hideyuki Nakano; Hiroyasu Hasumi

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

The Response of Equatorial Oceans to a Relaxation of the Trade Winds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The trade winds over the central Pacific are observed to weaken several months after the appearance of anomalously warm surface waters in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean. The following results obtained with a numerical model indicate how ...

S. G. H. Philander

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

ATOC or Candide: Toward depth?averaged temperature maps of the North Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ATOC Project has aquired trans?Pacific acoustic data from two acoustic sources: one located on Pioneer Seamount off the coast of California

Brian D. Dushaw; ATOC Group

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Fishery Effects on Dolphins Targeted by Tuna Purse-seiners in the Eastern Tropical Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nursing dolphin calves in a tuna purse-seine fishery. MarineStenella attenuata, in Tuna Purse Seine Nets. Fisheryeastern tropical Pacific tuna fishery. Administrative Report

Edwards, Elizabeth F

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Role of the Indian and Pacific Oceans in the Indian Summer Monsoon Variability .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The role of the Indian and Pacific sea surface temperature (SST) variability in the intraseasonal and interannual variability of the Indian summer monsoon rainfall is… (more)

Achuthavarier, Deepthi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

On Turbulence Production by Swimming Marine Organisms in the Open Ocean and Coastal Waters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Microstructure and acoustic profile time series were collected near Ocean Station P in the eastern subarctic North Pacific and in Saanich Inlet at the south end of Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada, to examine production of turbulent ...

Shani Rousseau; Eric Kunze; Richard Dewey; Kevin Bartlett; John Dower

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Regional Energy and Water Cycles: Transports from Ocean to Land  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The flows of energy and water from ocean to land are examined in the context of the land energy and water budgets, for land as a whole and for continents. Most atmospheric reanalyses have large errors of up to 15 W m?2 in the top-of-atmosphere (...

Kevin E. Trenberth; John T. Fasullo

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Regional energy and water cycles: Transports from ocean to land  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The flows of energy and water from ocean to land are examined in the context of the land energy and water budgets, for land as a whole and for continents. Most atmospheric reanalyses have large errors of up to 15 W m-2 in the top-of-atmosphere (...

Kevin E. Trenberth; John T. Fasullo

183

Water Mass Formation in an Isopycnal Model of the North Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An isopycnal model coupled with a mixed layer model is used to study transformation and formation rates in the North Pacific. When annual formation rates are averaged over the entire North Pacific, a large peak in water mass formation is found at ...

Carol Ladd; Lu Anne Thompson

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Linear Equatorial Wave Mode Initialization in a Model of the Tropical Pacific Ocean: An Initialization Scheme for Tropical Ocean Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data assimilation in models of the tropical oceans can generate spurious equatorial wave modes which are potentially harmful to the model background fields. The amplitudes of these spurious wave modes can often be large and, in general, depend ...

Andrew M. Moore

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Multivariate Error Covariance Estimates by Monte Carlo Simulation for Assimilation Studies in the Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the most difficult aspects of ocean-state estimation is the prescription of the model forecast error covariances. The paucity of ocean observations limits our ability to estimate the covariance structures from model–observation ...

Anna Borovikov; Michele M. Rienecker; Christian L. Keppenne; Gregory C. Johnson

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

The Golden Gate Textile Barrier: Preserving California Bay of San Francisco from a Rising North Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Climate change in California may require construction of a barrier separating the Pacific Ocean from San Francisco Bay and the Sacramento River-San Joaquin River Delta simply because Southern California is remarkably dependent on freshwater exported from the Delta. We offer a new kind of salt barrier, a macroproject built of impermeable textile materials stretched across the Golden Gate beneath the famous bridge. We anticipate it might eventually substitute for a recently proposed San Francisco In-Stream Tidal Power Plant harnessing a 1.7 m tide at the Bay entrance if future climate conditions Statewide is conducive. First-glance physics underpin our macroproject.

Richart B. Cathcart; Alexander A. Bolonkin

2007-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

187

The Scripps Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Regional (SCOAR) Model, with Applications in the Eastern Pacific Sector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A regional coupled ocean–atmosphere model is introduced. It is designed to admit the air–sea feedbacks arising in the presence of an oceanic mesoscale eddy field. It consists of the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS) and the Regional Spectral ...

Hyodae Seo; Arthur J. Miller; John O. Roads

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

A GCM Study of Tropical–Subtropical Upper-Ocean Water Exchange  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experiments with an oceanic general circulation model indicate that the tropical and subtropical oceanic circulations are linked in three ways. Far from coast in the oceanic interior, equatorial surface waters flow poleward to the southern part ...

Zhengyu Liu; S. G. H. Philander; R. C. Pacanowski

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Dynamically and Observationally Constrained Estimates of Water-Mass Distributions and Ages in the Global Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A data-constrained ocean circulation model is used to characterize the distribution of water masses and their ages in the global ocean. The model is constrained by the time-averaged temperature, salinity, and radiocarbon distributions in the ocean,...

Tim DeVries; François Primeau

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

MEASUREMENTS OF PAST 14C LEVELS AND 13C/12C RATIOS IN THE SURFACE WATERS OF THE WORLD'S SUBPOLAR OCEANS.  

SciTech Connect

Under this project we have developed methods that allow the reconstruction of past {sup 14}C levels of the surface waters of the subpolar North Pacific Ocean by measuring the {sup 14}C contents of archived salmon scales. The overall goal of this research was to reduce of the uncertainty in the uptake of fossil CO{sub 2} by the oceans and thereby improve the quantification of the global carbon cycle and to elucidate the fate of anthropogenic CO{sub 2}. Ocean General Circulation Models (OGCMs), with their three dimensional global spatial coverage and temporal modeling capabilities, provide the best route to accurately calculating the total uptake of CO{sub 2} by the oceans and, hence, to achieving the desired reduction in uncertainty. {sup 14}C has played, and continues to play, a central role in the validation of the OGCMs calculations, particularly with respect to those model components which govern the uptake of CO{sub 2} from the atmosphere and the transport of this carbon within the oceans. Under this project, we have developed time-series records of the {sup 14}C levels of the surface waters of three areas of the subpolar North Pacific Ocean. As the previously available data on the time-history of oceanic surface water {sup 14}C levels are very limited, these time-series records provide significant new {sup 14}C data to constrain and validate the OGCMs.

Brown, T A

2010-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

191

Geochemistry of clathrate-derived methane in Arctic Ocean waters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

venting in the eastern Aleutian subduction zone, J. Geophys.Pacific North Pacific Aleutians Bear Island Hakon Mosby

Elliott, S.M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Water Vapor Transfer over the Southwest Pacific: Mean Patterns and Variations during Wet and Dry Periods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mean water vapor transfer of the Southwest Pacific, as determined from radiosonde records near the 170°E meridional transect, is computed for the 1960–73 period. Emphasis is placed on defining average patterns, then examining variations that ...

M. M. Khatep; B. B. Fitzharris; W. E. Bardsley

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Interannual Variations of North Pacific Subtropical Mode Water in the 137°E Section  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Examination of interannual variations of North Pacific subtropical mode water (STMW) in the 137°E repeat hydrographic section by Suga et al. is extended to seek a relation between changes in STMW renewal and the wintertime cooling. Time series of ...

Toshio Suga; Kimio Hanawa

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Interannual Variability in Warm Water Volume Transports in the Equatorial Pacific during 1993–99  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous studies have indicated that the volume of warm water (WWV) in the equatorial Pacific is intrinsically related to the dynamics of the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) cycle. A gridded subsurface temperature dataset, which incorporates ...

Christopher S. Meinen; Michael J. McPhaden

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Role of Low Clouds in Summertime Atmosphere–Ocean Interactions over the North Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The summer-to-summer variability of the areal extent of marine stratiform cloudiness (MSC; stratus, stratocumulus, and fog) over the North Pacific is examined for the period of record 1952–92 using a dataset based on surface observations. ...

Joel R. Norris; Yuan Zhang; John M. Wallace

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Trends and Variations in South Pacific Island and Ocean Surface Temperatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analysis of temperature variability and trends in the South Pacific, mainly in the twentieth century, using data from 40 island stations and optimally interpolated sea surface and night marine air temperature data is presented. The last-named ...

C. K. Folland; M. J. Salinger; N. Jiang; N. A. Rayner

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Improved representation of tropical Pacific ocean-atmosphere dynamics in an intermediate complexity climate model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new anomaly coupling technique is introduced into a coarse-resolution dynamic climate model (LOVECLIM), improving the model’s representation of eastern equatorial Pacific surface temperature variability. The anomaly coupling amplifies the ...

Ryan L. Sriver; Axel Timmermann; Michael E. Mann; Klaus Keller; Hugues Goosse

198

Mass, Heat, Salt and Nutrient Fluxes in the South Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An inverse method has been applied to the Scorpio sections spanning the subtropical gyre of the South Pacific. In addition to constraints upon geostrophic fluxes of mass and salt, constraints were written for silica, oxygen and “PO”, and the ...

Carl Wunsch; Dunxin Hu; Barbara Grant

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Relationships among Lightning, Precipitation, and Hydrometeor Characteristics over the North Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lightning data from the Pacific Lightning Detection Network (PacNet) and Lightning Imaging Sensor (LIS) on the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite were compared with TRMM precipitation radar products and latent heating and ...

Antti T. Pessi; Steven Businger

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Analogous Pacific and Atlantic Meridional Modes of Tropical Atmosphere–Ocean Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From observational analysis a Pacific mode of variability in the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ)/cold tongue region is identified that possesses characteristics and interpretation similar to the dominant “meridional” mode of interannual–...

John C. H. Chiang; Daniel J. Vimont

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

A Relationship between Interannual Variations in the South Pacific Wind Stress Curl, the Indonesian Throughflow, and the West Pacific Warm Water Pool  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simple theory gives that the depth-integrated flow between the Pacific and Indian Oceans, on interannual timescales and longer, is driven by the integral of the wind stress along a line from the northern tip of Papua–New Guinea across the ...

Roxana C. Wajsowicz

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

On the circulation of Atlantic Water in the Arctic Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An idealized eddy-resolving numerical model and an analytic three-layer model are used to develop ideas about what controls the circulation of Atlantic Water in the Arctic Ocean. The numerical model is forced with a surface heat flux, uniform ...

Michael A. Spall

203

The Impact of Melting Ice on Ocean Waters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ice melts when it is in contact with ocean waters that have temperatures above the in situ freezing point. The product is a mixture of meltwater and seawater having properties intermediate between those of the two components. Density is one of ...

Adrian Jenkins

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Hafnium isotopes in Arctic Ocean water Bettina Zimmermann a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-GEOMAR, 24148 Kiel, Germany d Laboratory for Isotope Geology, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Box 50007, SEHafnium isotopes in Arctic Ocean water Bettina Zimmermann a , Don Porcelli b,*, Martin Frank c-104 05 Stockholm, Sweden e Department of Geology, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, USA f

Baskaran, Mark

205

New Altimetric Estimates of Mode-1 M2 Internal Tides in the Central North Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New estimates of mode-1 M2 internal tide energy flux are computed from an extended Ocean Topography Experiment (TOPEX)/Poseidon (T/P) altimeter dataset that includes both the original and tandem tracks, improving spatial resolution over previous ...

Zhongxiang Zhao; Matthew H. Alford

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Helium and lead isotope geochemistry of oceanic volcanic rocks from the East Pacific and South Atlantic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The isotopic evolution of helium and lead in the Earth is coupled by virtue of their common radioactive parents uranium and thorium. The isotopic signatures in oceanic volcanic rocks provide constraints on the temporal ...

Graham, David W. (David William)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

A Comparison of Computed and Observed Insolation under Clear Skies over the Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In an effort to verify computational methods for ocean heat budgets, observations of insulation under clear skies for 26 days were compared with values computed by a formula previously derived from the Smithsonian Tables. The agreement between ...

R. K. Reed; R. E. Brainard

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Comparisons of GCM and Observed Surface Wind Fields over the Tropical Indian and Pacific Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many of the processes that have important effects on both the climatological distribution and interannual variability of sea surface temperatures (SSTs) in the tropical oceans are greatly affected by the surface wind field. For this reason ...

Nicholas E. Graham; Tim P. Barnett; Robert M. Chervin; Michael E. Schlesinger; Ulrich Schlese

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Direct Measurements of Current Shear in the Tropical Pacific Ocean and Its Effect on Drift Buoy Performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements of ocean surface currents derived from drift buoy trajectories are subject to errors caused by slippage of the buoy relative to the surrounding water. This slippage error is caused by a number of forces acting on the buoy and drogue ...

David S. Bitterman; Donald V. Hansen

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Comparison of Measured and Estimated Insolation over the Eastern Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements of insolation at sea are reported and used to compare with a recent empirical formula for computing insolation. The measured and computed results are in good general agreement over a vast region of the eastern Pacific between 7°S and ...

R. K. Reed

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Wind-Generated Equatorial Kelvin Waves Observed Across the Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sea-level fluctuations during 1978–80 at equatorial Pacific islands separated by as much as one-quarter of the earth's circumference are coherent at periods of 1–6 weeks with phases implying eastward propagation. Eastward speeds are 16 ± 7.5% ...

C. C. Eriksen; M. B. Blumenthal; S. P. Hayes; P. Ripa

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Evidence for Coupled Rossby Waves in the Annual Cycle of the Indo–Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The annual cycle in TOPEX/Poseidon sea level height (SLH) and National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) sea surface temperature (SST) and meridional surface wind (MSW) from 1993 to 1998 in the trade wind zone over the Indo-Pacific ...

Warren B. White

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Sampling Requirements for the Surface Wind Field over the Tropical Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Moored wind measurements at near-equatorial locations along 110°W, 125°W, 140°W, 170°W, and 165°E are used to investigate the space-time variability of the tropical Pacific wind field. These measurements complement previous studies that relied on ...

L. J. Mangum; S. P. Hayes; L. D. Stratton

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Comparison of Upper Ocean VACM and VMCM Observations in the Equatorial Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements from a Savonius rotor and vane vector-averaging current meter (VACM) and dual orthogonal propeller vector-measuring current meter (VMCM) placed 1 m apart beneath a surface-following buoy moored on the Pacific equator for 6-month ...

David Halpern

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Design and cost of near-term OTEC (Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion) plants for the production of desalinated water and electric power. [Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

There currently is an increasing need for both potable water and power for many islands in the Pacific and Caribbean. The Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) technology fills these needs and is a viable option because of the unlimited supply of ocean thermal energy for the production of both desalinated water and electricity. The OTEC plant design must be flexible to meet the product-mix demands that can be very different from site to site. This paper describes different OTEC plants that can supply various mixes of desalinated water and vapor -- the extremes being either all water and no power or no water and all power. The economics for these plants are also presented. The same flow rates and pipe sizes for both the warm and cold seawater streams are used for different plant designs. The OTEC plant designs are characterized as near-term because no major technical issues need to be resolved or demonstrated. The plant concepts are based on DOE-sponsored experiments dealing with power systems, advanced heat exchanger designs, corrosion and fouling of heat exchange surfaces, and flash evaporation and moisture removal from the vapor using multiple spouts. In addition, the mature multistage flash evaporator technology is incorporated into the plant designs were appropriate. For the supply and discharge warm and cold uncertainties do exist because the required pipe sizes are larger than the maximum currently deployed -- 40-inch high-density polyethylene pipe at Keahole Point in Hawaii. 30 refs., 6 figs., 8 tabs.

Rabas, T.; Panchal, C.; Genens, L.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

A Study of Response of the Equatorial Pacific SST to Doubled-CO2 Forcing in the Coupled CAM–1.5-Layer Reduced-Gravity Ocean Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The response of the equatorial Pacific SST under CO2 doubling is investigated using Community Atmosphere Model, version 3.1 (CAM3.1)–1.5-layer reduced-gravity ocean (RGO) coupled model. A robust El Niño–like warming pattern is found in the ...

Fan Jia; Lixin Wu

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Fitting Dynamic Models to the Geosat Sea Level Observations in the Tropical Pacific Ocean. Part II: A Linear, Wind-driven Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Geosat altimeter sea level observations in the tropical Pacific Ocean are used to evaluate the Performance of a linear wind-driven equatorial wave model. The question posed is the extent to which such a model can describe the observed sea ...

Lee-Lueng Fu; Ichiro Fukumori; Robert N. Miller

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Interannual Variability of the Kuroshio Frontal Structure along Its Western Boundary in the North Pacific Ocean Associated with the 1982 ENSO Event  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The vertically averaged temperature (Tav) over the upper 200 m of ocean in the western boundary of the North Pacific is used to detect changes in the strength and path of the Kuroshio Front along the western boundary from Luzon (18°N) to Honshu (...

Youhai He; Warren B. White

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Oceanic CO{sub 2} measurements for the WOCE hydrographic survey in the Pacific Ocean, 1990--1991: Shore based analyses. Technical data report  

SciTech Connect

The Office of Health and Environmental Research, of the US Department of Energy (DOE), actively supports global survey investigations of carbon dioxide in the oceans. This large scale study is in conjunction with the hydrographic program of the World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE/HP). On ocean cruises operated by WOCE/HP, carbon dioxide analysis groups, from various oceanographic institutions, perform shipboard chemical measurements of the inorganic carbon system in the ocean. Measurements of total dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) are of central importance to this carbon survey. Shipboard measurements of DIC were made by employing a coulometric technique. The majority of coulometric measurements were made on an integrated automatic device, the Single Operator Multi-Parameter Metabolic Analyzer (SOMMA). In addition to DIC determinations, shipboard analytical groups measured at least one additional parameter of sea water carbon chemistry. This was done to more fully characterize the inorganic carbon system of the sea water sample. This thechnical data report presents DIC and ALK measurements performed in the SIO laboratory on replicate samples collected on the five expedition legs of the WOCE/HP cruises.

Guenther, P.R.; Keeling, C.D.; Emanuele, G. III

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

220

Atmospheric Water Content over the Tropical Pacific Derived from the Nimbus-6 Scanning Microwave Spectrometer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The scanning microwave spectrometer (SCAMS) aboard Nimbus-6 contains a 22.23 GHz water vapor channel and 31.65 GHz window channel for deriving integrated water vapor (precipitable water) and cloud liquid water through a column over the oceans. ...

N. C. Grody; A. Gruber; W. C. Shen

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Grounds Maintenance: Best Management Practice Case Studies #4 and #5 - Water Efficient Landscape and Irrigation (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

FEMP Water Efficiency Best Management Practices #4 and #5 Case Study: Overview of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory grounds maintenance program and results.

Not Available

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Formation Mechanisms for North Pacific Central and Eastern Subtropical Mode Waters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of one-dimensional processes on the formation of deep mixed layers in the central mode water (CMW) and eastern subtropical mode water (ESMW) formation regions of the North Pacific have been analyzed using a mixed layer model. By ...

Carol Ladd; Lu Anne Thompson

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Coupling of Biennial Oceanic Rossby Waves with the Overlying Atmosphere in the Pacific Basin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Anomalies of TOPEX/Poseidon sea level height (SLH), NCEP sea surface temperature (SST), and ECMWF meridional surface wind (MSW) and derived wind stress curl (WSC) are mapped biweekly over the global ocean from 60°S to 60°N for two years from 1993 ...

Warren B. White; Yi Chao; Chang-Kou Tai

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

VERTIGO (VERtical Transport In the Global Ocean): A study of particle sources and flux attenuation in the North Pacific  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

organic carbon fluxes in the ocean based on the quantitativetraps for estimating upper ocean particle fluxes. Journal ofZ. , 2004. Southern Ocean Iron Enrichment Experiment (

Buesseler, K.O.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Equilibrium Response of Ocean Deep-Water Circulation to Variations in Ekman Pumping and Deep-Water Sources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A multilayer ocean model that is physically simple and computationally efficient is developed for studies of competition and interaction among deep-water sources in determining ocean circulation. The model is essentially geostrophic and ...

F. L. Yin; I. Y. Fung; C. K. Chu

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Coral Radiocarbon Records of Indian Ocean Water Mass Mixing and Wind-Induced Upwelling Along the Coast of Sumatra, Indonesia  

SciTech Connect

Radiocarbon ({sup 14}C) in the skeletal aragonite of annually banded corals track radiocarbon concentrations in dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) in surface seawater. As a result of nuclear weapons testing in the 1950s, oceanic uptake of excess {sup 14}C in the atmosphere has increased the contrast between surface and deep ocean {sup 14}C concentrations. We present accelerator mass spectrometric (AMS) measurements of radiocarbon isotope ({Delta}{sup 14}C) in Porites corals from the Mentawai Islands, Sumatra (0 S, 98 E) and Watamu, Kenya (3 S, 39 E) to document the temporal and spatial evolution of the {sup 14}C gradient in the tropical Indian Ocean. The rise in {Delta}{sup 14}C in the Sumatra coral, in response to the maximum in nuclear weapons testing, is delayed by 2-3 years relative to the rise in coral {Delta}{sup 14}C from the coast of Kenya. Kenya coral {Delta}{sup 14}C values rise quickly because surface waters are in prolonged contact with the atmosphere. In contrast, wind-induced upwelling and rapid mixing along the coast of Sumatra entrains {sup 14}C-depleted water from the subsurface, which dilutes the effect of the uptake of bomb-laden {sup 14}C by the surface-ocean. Bimonthly AMS {Delta}{sup 14}C measurements on the Mentawai coral reveal mainly interannual variability with minor seasonal variability. The interannual signal may be a response to changes in the Walker circulation, the development of easterly wind anomalies, shoaling of the eastern thermocline, and upwelling of {sup 14}C-depleted water along the coast of Sumatra. Singular spectrum analysis of the Sumatra coral {Delta}{sup 14}C record reveals a significant 3-year periodicity. The results lend support to the concept that ocean atmosphere interactions between the Pacific and Indian Oceans operate in concert with the El Ni{tilde n}o-Southern Oscillation (ENSO).

Guilderson, T P; Grumet, N S; Abram, N J; Beck, J W; Dunbar, R B; Gagan, M K; Hantoro, W S; Suwargadi, B W

2004-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

227

An Idealized Model of the World Ocean. Part I: The Global-Scale Water Masses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A primitive equation, three-dimensional numerical model of the ocean, employing idealized versions of the real topography and surface boundary conditions, is used to study the water mass structure of the World Ocean. In particular, the response ...

Michael D. Cox

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Busan, Republic of Korea Yellowfin Tuna Fisheries in New Zealand and the Southwest Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

clubs and commercial fishers to describe trends in the availability and abundance of Yellowfin Tuna in New Zealand. 2. To look for catch trends in the rest of the Western Pacific that may be similar or different to those in New Zealand. 3. To summarise Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission views on the status of the Yellowfin stock and current management measures. 4. To discuss the trends observed and what management action may be required in the future. Description of the sport fishery Yellowfin tuna has been an important target and bycatch species for New Zealand recreational fishers for 30 years. It has been a major component of the sport fishery in East Northland, Bay of Plenty and occasionally as far south as Hawke Bay on the North Island east coast and Kawhia on the west coast. Except in the eastern Bay of Plenty, the predominant fishing method is trolled lures. However, when the tuna are plentiful they surround “meatballs ” of anchovy, pilchard and

Holdsworth J; John Holdsworth; Overall Objective

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Distribution and Modification of North Pacific Intermediate Water in the Kuroshio-Oyashio Interfrontal Zone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A multiship CTD survey was conducted in the Kuroshio-Oyash interfrontal zone in the area of 30°–41°N, 140°E–180° from May to June 1992 to examine the distribution, modification process, and formation site of North Pacific Intermediate Water (NPIW)...

Ichiro Yasuda; Kuniaki Okuda; Yugo Shimizu

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Physics of Greenhouse Effect and Convection in Warm Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sea surface temperature (SST) in roughly 50% of the tropical Pacific Ocean is warm enough (SST > 300 K) to permit deep convection. This paper examines the effects of deep convection on the climatological mean vertical distributions of water vapor ...

A. K. Inamdar; V. Ramanathan

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Metagenome of a Versatile Chemolithoautotroph from Expanding Oceanic Dead Zones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENP), Eastern South Pacific (ESP), Northern Indian Ocean,and mussels (EOSA-1 in the ESP and GSO in African shelfsulfidic waters of the ENP and ESP, suggesting alternative

Walsh, David A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Dry January lowers the Pacific Northwest water supply forecast ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration ... most recent 2013 projections for April to September—typically the high hydro season—call for normal to below-normal water ...

233

How Ocean Vertical Mixing and Accumulation of Warm Surface Water Influence the “Sharpness” of the Equatorial Thermocline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work utilizes an equatorial Pacific domain ocean general circulation model that achieves a sharp equatorial thermocline. The model has been developed for simulation of the El Niño–Southern Oscillation phenomenon and employs an integer power (...

S. G. Wilson

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

VERTIGO (VERtical Transport In the Global Ocean): A study of particle sources and flux attenuation in the North Pacific  

SciTech Connect

The VERtical Transport In the Global Ocean (VERTIGO) study examined particle sources and fluxes through the ocean's 'twilight zone' (defined here as depths below the euphotic zone to 1000 m). Interdisciplinary process studies were conducted at contrasting sites off Hawaii (ALOHA) and in the NW Pacific (K2) during 3 week occupations in 2004 and 2005, respectively. We examine in this overview paper the contrasting physical, chemical and biological settings and how these conditions impact the source characteristics of the sinking material and the transport efficiency through the twilight zone. A major finding in VERTIGO is the considerably lower transfer efficiency (T{sub eff}) of particulate organic carbon (POC), POC flux 500/150 m, at ALOHA (20%) vs. K2 (50%). This efficiency is higher in the diatom-dominated setting at K2 where silica-rich particles dominate the flux at the end of a diatom bloom, and where zooplankton and their pellets are larger. At K2, the drawdown of macronutrients is used to assess export and suggests that shallow remineralization above our 150 m trap is significant, especially for N relative to Si. We explore here also surface export ratios (POC flux/primary production) and possible reasons why this ratio is higher at K2, especially during the first trap deployment. When we compare the 500 m fluxes to deep moored traps, both sites lose about half of the sinking POC by >4000 m, but this comparison is limited in that fluxes at depth may have both a local and distant component. Certainly, the greatest difference in particle flux attenuation is in the mesopelagic, and we highlight other VERTIGO papers that provide a more detailed examination of the particle sources, flux and processes that attenuate the flux of sinking particles. Ultimately, we contend that at least three types of processes need to be considered: heterotrophic degradation of sinking particles, zooplankton migration and surface feeding, and lateral sources of suspended and sinking materials. We have evidence that all of these processes impacted the net attenuation of particle flux vs. depth measured in VERTIGO and would therefore need to be considered and quantified in order to understand the magnitude and efficiency of the ocean's biological pump.

Buesseler, K.O.; Trull, T.W.; Steinberg, D.K.; Silver, M.W.; Siegel, D.A.; Saitoh, S.-I.; Lamborg, C.H.; Lam, P.J.; Karl, D.M.; Jiao, N.Z.; Honda, M.C.; Elskens, M.; Dehairs, F.; Brown, S.L.; Boyd, P.W.; Bishop, J.K.B.; Bidigare, R.R.

2008-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

235

Monsoon Climate Variabilities International Pacific Research Center and Department of Meteorology, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Monsoon Climate Variabilities Tim Li International Pacific Research Center and Department, USA The Asian monsoon consists of three subcomponents, Indian monsoon (IM), East Asian monsoon (EAM), and western North Pacific monsoon (WNPM). All these submonsoon systems exhibit remarkable intraseasonal

Li, Tim

236

Mobile Climate Observatory on the Pacific  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Climate Observatory on the Pacific The AMF2 mobile climate observatory is traveling the Pacific ocean between Los Angeles and Honolulu to improve the way global climate models...

237

Impact of Remote Reemergence of the Subtropical Mode Water on Winter SST Variation in the Central North Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using long-term datasets of sea surface temperature (SST), core-layer temperature (CLT) of the North Pacific subtropical mode water (NPSTMW), and the North Pacific index, an impact of remote reemergence of NPSTMW on winter SST variation in the ...

Shusaku Sugimoto; Kimio Hanawa

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

VERTIGO (VERtical Transport In the Global Ocean): A study of particle sources and flux attenuation in the North Pacific  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research II, this volume. Volk, T. , Hoffert, M.I. , 1985.the ocean’s “biological pump” (Volk and Hoffert, 1985). This

Buesseler, K.O.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Long-term Faunal Changes in California Nudibranchs: Climate Change and Local Ocean Health  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

predatory aeolid in the NE Pacific Ocean. Western Society ofin the northeast Pacific Ocean Society for Integrative andscale fluctuations in climate. 2010 Ocean Sciences Meeting,

Goddard, Jeffrey; Pearse, John

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Observations of Steep Wave Statistics in Open Ocean Waters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new wavelet analysis methodology is proposed to estimate the statistics of steep waves. The method is applied to open ocean wave height data from the Southern Ocean Waves Experiment (1992) and from a field experiment conducted at Duck, North ...

Nicholas Scott; Tetsu Hara; Edward J. Walsh; Paul A. Hwang

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Lockheed Testing the Waters for Ocean Thermal Energy System  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The company is working to develop a system to produce electricity using temperature differences in the ocean.

242

The Age of Water and Ventilation Timescales in a Global Ocean Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The age of water in the World Ocean is studied using a passive age tracer introduced into a global ocean model. Additional information is derived from a transient “dye” tracer that tracks the time-dependent spreading of surface waters into the ...

Matthew H. England

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Assessment of the Effects of Tidal Mixing in the Kuril Straits on the Formation of the North Pacific Intermediate Water  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To assess accurately the effect of tidal mixing in the Kuril Straits on the formation of the North Pacific Intermediate Water (NPIW), the spatial distribution of diapycnal diffusivity recently obtained by the present authors is incorporated into ...

Yuki Tanaka; Toshiyuki Hibiya; Yoshihiro Niwa

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Distribution and Modification of North Pacific Intermediate Water around the Subarctic Frontal Zone East of 150°E  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Modification and distribution of North Pacific Intermediate Water (NPIW) in the area north of 30°N and east of 150°E are discussed based on an isopycnal particle tracking experiment with the velocity field estimated from a ?-spiral inverse method ...

Masachika Masujima; Ichiro Yasuda

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

On the Relationship between Water Vapor over the Oceans and Sea Surface Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Monthly mean precipitable water data obtained from passive microwave radiometry (SMMR) are correlated with NMC-blended sea surface temperature data. It is shown that the monthly mean water vapor content of the atmosphere above the oceans can ...

Graeme L. Stephens

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Deep-Water Flow over the Lomonosov Ridge in the Arctic Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Arctic Ocean likely impacts global climate through its effect on the rate of deep-water formation and the subsequent influence on global thermohaline circulation. Here, the renewal of the deep waters in the isolated Canadian Basin is ...

M-L. Timmermans; P. Winsor; J. A. Whitehead

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Upper-Ocean Thermal Structure and the Western North Pacific Category 5 Typhoons. Part II: Dependence on Translation Speed  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using new in situ ocean subsurface observations from the Argo floats, best-track typhoon data from the U.S. Joint Typhoon Warning Center, an ocean mixed layer model, and other supporting datasets, this work systematically explores the ...

I-I. Lin; Iam-Fei Pun; Chun-Chieh Wu

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Vertical flux, ecology and dissolution of radiolaria in tropical oceans : implications for the silica cycle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radiolarians which settle through the oceanic water column were recovered from three stations (western Tropical Atlantic-Station E, central Tropical Pacific-P1 and Panama Basin-PB) using PARFLUX sediment traps in moored ...

Takahashi, Kozo

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

The Combined Sensor Program: An Air–Sea Science Mission in the Central and Western Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Twelve national research organizations joined forces on a 30-day, 6800 n mi survey of the Central and Tropical Western Pacific on NOAA's Research Vessel Discoverer. The Combined Sensor Program (CSP), which began in American Samoa on 14 March 1996,...

Madison J. Post; Christopher W. Fairall; Jack B. Snider; Yong Han; Allen B. White; Warner L. Ecklund; Klaus M. Weickmann; Patricia K. Quinn; Daniel I. Cooper; Steven M. Sekelsky; Robert E. McIntosh; Peter Minnett; Robert O. Knuteson

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Barotropic and Baroclinic Tides in the Central North Pacific Ocean Determined from Long-Range Reciprocal Acoustic Transmissions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Travel times of reciprocal 1000-km range acoustic transmissions, determined from the 1987 Reciprocal Tomography Experiment, are used to study barotropic tidal currents and a large-scale, coherent baroclinic tide in the central North Pacific ...

Brian D. Dushaw; Bruce M. Howe; Bruce D. Cornuelle; Peter F. Worcester; Douglas S. Luther

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Ocean Frontal Effects on the Vertical Development of Clouds over the Western North Pacific: In Situ and Satellite Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A suite of shipboard and satellite observations are analyzed and synthesized to investigate the three-dimensional structure of clouds and influences from sea surface temperature fronts over the western North Pacific. Sharp transitions are ...

Hiroki Tokinaga; Youichi Tanimoto; Shang-Ping Xie; Takeaki Sampe; Hiroyuki Tomita; Hiroshi Ichikawa

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

The Influence of Sea Surface Temperature Gradients on Stratiform Cloudiness along the Equatorial Front in the Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Satellite observations of visible cloudiness and sea surface temperature (SST) are used to test the hypothesis that the configuration of cool low-level winds blowing across a sharp SST front in the equatorial eastern Pacific gives rise to ...

Clara Deser; Susan Wahl; John J. Bates

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Water Mass Transformation in the Southern Ocean of a Global Isopycnal Coordinate GCM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A global isopycnal coordinate GCM is used to investigate the processes that drive the meridional circulation, transformation, and interocean exchange of water masses in the Southern Ocean. The noneddy-resolving model (mesh size 1.25°) includes an ...

Robert Marsh; A. J. George Nurser; Alex P. Megann; Adrian L. New

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Remote Sensing of Precipitable Water over the Oceans from Nimbus 7 Microwave Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nimbus 7 Scanning Multichannel Microwave Radiometer (SMMR) brightness temperature measurements in the 21 and 18 GHz channels are used to sense the precipitable water in the atmosphere over oceans. The difference in the brightness temperature (T21 ...

C. Prabhakara; H. D. Chang; A. T. C. Chang

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Derived Over-Ocean Water Vapor Transports from Satellite-Retrieved E ? P Datasets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A methodology is developed for deriving atmospheric water vapor transports over the World Oceans from satellite-retrieved precipitation (P) and evaporation (E) datasets. The motivation for developing the method is to understand climatically ...

Byung-Ju Sohn; Eric A. Smith; Franklin R. Robertson; Seong-Chan Park

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Role of the Seasonal Cycle in the Subduction Rates of Upper–Southern Ocean Waters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A kinematic approach is used to diagnose the subduction rates of upper–Southern Ocean waters across seasonally migrating density outcrops at the base of the mixed layer. From an Eulerian viewpoint, the term representing the temporal change in the ...

Eun Young Kwon; Stephanie M. Downes; Jorge L. Sarmiento; Riccardo Farneti; Curtis Deutsch

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Contrasting Eastern-Pacific and Central-Pacific Types of ENSO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surface observations and subsurface ocean assimilation datasets are examined to contrast two distinct types of El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) in the tropical Pacific: an eastern-Pacific (EP) type and a central-Pacific (CP) type. An analysis ...

Hsun-Ying Kao; Jin-Yi Yu

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

The Origin, Pathway, and Destination of Niño-3 Water Estimated by a Simulated Passive Tracer and Its Adjoint  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The nature of subtropical–tropical water mass exchange in the Pacific Ocean is investigated, focusing on the origin, pathway, and destination of water occupying the surface layer of the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean (Niño-3 region; 5°S–5°N, ...

Ichiro Fukumori; Tong Lee; Benny Cheng; Dimitris Menemenlis

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

A critical evaluation of the upper ocean heat budget in the Climate Forecast System Reanalysis data for the south central equatorial Pacific  

SciTech Connect

Coupled ocean-atmospheric models suffer from the common bias of a spurious rain belt south of the central equatorial Pacific throughout the year. Observational constraints on key processes responsible for this bias are scarce. The recently available reanalysis from a coupled model system for the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) Climate Forecast System Reanalysis (CFSR) data is a potential benchmark for climate models in this region. Its suitability for model evaluation and validation, however, needs to be established. This paper examines the mixed layer heat budget and the ocean surface currents - key factors for the sea surface temperature control in the double Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone in the central Pacific - from 5{sup o}S to 10{sup o}S and 170{sup o}E to 150{sup o}W. Two independent approaches are used. The first approach is through comparison of CFSR data with collocated station observations from field experiments; the second is through the residual analysis of the heat budget of the mixed layer. We show that the CFSR overestimates the net surface flux in this region by 23 W m{sup -2}. The overestimated net surface flux is mainly due to an even larger overestimation of shortwave radiation by 44 W m{sup -2}, which is compensated by a surface latent heat flux overestimated by 14 W m{sup -2}. However, the quality of surface currents and the associated oceanic heat transport in CFSR are not compromised by the surface flux biases, and they agree with the best available estimates. The uncertainties of the observational data from field experiments are also briefly discussed in the present study.

Liu H.; Lin W.; Liu, X.; Zhang, M.

2011-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

260

Carbon dioxide, hydrographic, and chemical data obtained in the South Pacific Ocean (WOCE Sections P16A/P17A, P17E/P19S, and P19C, R/V Knorr, October 1992--April 1993)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This data documentation discusses the procedures and methods used to measure total carbon dioxide concentration (TCO{sub 2}) and partial pressure of CO{sub 2} (pCO{sub 2}) in discrete water samples collected during three expeditions of the Research Vessel (R/V) Knorr in the South Pacific Ocean. Conducted as part of the World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE), the first cruise (WOCE Section P16A/P17A) began in Papeete, Tahiti, French Polynesia, on October 6, 1992, and returned to Papeete on November 25, 1992. The second cruise (WOCE Section P17E/P19S) began in Papeete on December 4, 1992, and finished in Punta Arenas, Chile, on January 22, 1993. The third expedition (WOCE Section P19C) started in Punta Arenas, on February 22 and finished in Panama City, Panama, on April 13, 1993. During the three expeditions, 422 hydrographic stations were occupied. Hydrographic and chemical measurements made along WOCE Sections P16A/P17A, P17E/P19S, and P19C included pressure, temperature, salinity, and oxygen [measured by conductivity, temperature, and depth (CTD) sensor], as well as discrete measurements of salinity, oxygen, phosphate, nitrate, nitrite, silicate, chlorofluorocarbons (CFC-11, CFC-12), TCO{sub 2}, and pCO{sub 2} measured at 4 and 20 C. In addition, potential temperatures were calculated from the measured variables.

Rubin, S.; Goddard, J.G.; Chipman, D.W.; Takahashi, Taro; Sutherland, S.C. [Columbia Univ., Palisades, NY (United States). Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory; Reid, J.L.; Swift, J.H.; Talley, L.D. [Univ. of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA (United States). Scripps Institution of Oceanography

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Pacific Decadal Variability: The Tropical Pacific Mode and the North Pacific Mode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pacific decadal variability is studied in a series of coupled global ocean–atmosphere simulations aided by two “modeling surgery” strategies: partial coupling (PC) and partial blocking (PB). The PC experiments retain full ocean–atmosphere ...

L. Wu; Z. Liu; R. Gallimore; R. Jacob; D. Lee; Y. Zhong

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Measured electric hot water standby and demand loads from Pacific Northwest homes  

SciTech Connect

The Bonneville Power Administration began the End-Use Load and Consumer Assessment Program (ELCAP) in 1983 to obtain metered hourly end-use consumption data for a large sample of new and existing residential and commercial buildings in the Pacific Northwest. Loads and load shapes from the first 3 years of data fro each of several ELCAP residential studies representing various segments of the housing population have been summarized by Pratt et al. The analysis reported here uses the ELCAP data to investigate in much greater detail the relationship of key occupant and tank characteristics to the consumption of electricity for water heating. The hourly data collected provides opportunities to understand electricity consumption for heating water and to examine assumptions about water heating that are critical to load forecasting and conservation resource assessments. Specific objectives of this analysis are to: (A) determine the current baseline for standby heat losses by determining the standby heat loss of each hot water tank in the sample, (B) examine key assumptions affecting standby heat losses such as hot water temperatures and tank sizes and locations, (C) estimate, where possible, impacts on standby heat losses by conservation measures such as insulating tank wraps, pipe wraps, anticonvection valves or traps, and insulating bottom boards, (D) estimate the EF-factors used by the federal efficiency standards and the nominal R-values of the tanks in the sample, (E) develop estimates of demand for hot water for each home in the sample by subtracting the standby load from the total hot water load, (F) examine the relationship between the ages and number of occupants and the hot water demand, (G) place the standby and demand components of water heating electricity consumption in perspective with the total hot water load and load shape.

Pratt, R.G.; Ross, B.A.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Tapping into Wave and Tidal Ocean Power: 15% Water Power by 2030 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tapping into Wave and Tidal Ocean Power: 15% Water Power by 2030 Tapping into Wave and Tidal Ocean Power: 15% Water Power by 2030 Tapping into Wave and Tidal Ocean Power: 15% Water Power by 2030 January 27, 2012 - 11:30am Addthis A map generated by Georgia Tech's tidal energy resource database shows mean current speed of tidal streams. The East Coast, as shown above, has strong tides that could be tapped to produce energy. | Photo courtesy of Georgia Institute of Technology A map generated by Georgia Tech's tidal energy resource database shows mean current speed of tidal streams. The East Coast, as shown above, has strong tides that could be tapped to produce energy. | Photo courtesy of Georgia Institute of Technology Hoyt Battey Water Power Market Acceleration and Deployment Team Lead, Wind and Water Power Program

264

Characteristics of Strong Updrafts in Precipitation Systems over the Central Tropical Pacific Ocean and in the Amazon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Airborne in situ measurements of updrafts in tropical convective storms were analyzed to determine the similarities and differences between updrafts in a tropical continental and a tropical oceanic region. Two hundred fifteen updraft cores from ...

Nicholas F. Anderson; Cedric A. Grainger; Jeffrey L. Stith

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Simulation of the Tropical Pacific Climate with a Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere General Circulation Model. Part II: Interannual Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two multiyear simulations with a coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulation model (GCM)-totaling 45 years-are used to investigate interannual variability at the equator. The model consists of the UCLA global atmospheric GCM coupled to the GFDL ...

A. W. Robertson; C-C. Ma; M. Ghil; C. R. Mechoso

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

An Examination of the AGCM Simulated Surface Wind Stress and Low-Level Winds over the Tropical Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The monthly mean surface wind stress and winds in the lower troposphere for 1986–92 simulated by the Center for Ocean–Land–Atmosphere Studies atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM) forced with observed sea surface temperature (SST) is ...

Bohua Huang; J. Shukla

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Short-Term Climatic Variability in the Volume Budget of the Western Tropical North Pacific Ocean during 1979–82  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Anomalous 14°C isotherm depth and anomalous geostrophic volume transport above the 14°C isotherm depth are calculated in the tropical Pacific for each bimonth of the four year period 1979 to 1982, based on 15 000 temperature/depth observations ...

Stephen E. Pazan; Warren B. White

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

A Conceptual Model for the Influence of TUTT Cells on Tropical Cyclone Motion in the Northwest Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Eleven (10 Pacific, 1 Atlantic) tropical cyclones (TCs), which include typhoons/hurricanes and tropical storms, are examined using the latest 40-yr ECMWF Re-Analysis (ERA-40) dataset and Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) best-track data to ...

Jason E. Patla; Duane Stevens; Gary M. Barnes

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

A Climatology of Diurnal and Semidiurnal Surface Wind Variations over the Tropical Pacific Ocean Based on the Tropical Atmosphere Ocean Moored Buoy Array  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hourly measurements from 51 moored buoys in the Tropical Atmosphere Ocean array (9°N–8°S, 165°E–95°W) during 1993–2004 are used to document the climatological seasonal and annual mean patterns of diurnal and semidiurnal near-surface wind ...

Rei Ueyama; Clara Deser

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Deep water pipe, pump, and mooring study: Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion program. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The ocean engineering issues affecting the design, construction, deployment, and operation of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) power plants are of key importance. This study addressed the problems associated with the conceptual design of the deep-water pipe, cold-water-pumping, and platform mooring arrangements. These subsystems fall into a natural grouping since the parameters affecting their design are closely related to each other and to the ocean environment. Analysis and evaluations are provided with a view toward judging the impact of the various subsystems on the overall plant concept and to provide an estimate of material and construction cost. Parametric data is provided that describes mooring line configurations, mooring line loads, cold water pipe configurations, and cold water pumping schemes. Selected parameters, issues, and evaluation criteria are used to judge the merits of candidate concepts over a range of OTEC plant size from 100 MWe to 1000 MWe net output power.

Little, T.E.; Marks, J.D.; Wellman, K.H.

1976-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Tritium Time Series from Ocean Station P  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present time series of tritium (3H) concentrations at varying depths in the water column at Ocean Station P(50°N, 145°W) in the northeast Pacific. Measurements started in the fall of 1974, at the time of the GEOSECS mapping of the North ...

A. E. Gargett; G. Ostlund; C. S. Wong

1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

An Estimate of Equatorial Upwelling in the Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Upwelling in the equatorial Pacific Ocean manifests itself by a tongue of cool water stretching from the Galapagos Islands to the date line. To estimate the rate of upwelling, the mass, heat and salt budgets of the tongue are investigated. The ...

Klaus Wyrtki

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Wavenumber–Frequency Spectra of Inertia–Gravity and Mixed Rossby–Gravity Waves in the Equatorial Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the 1970s and 1980s, there was considerable interest in near-equatorial variability at periods of days to weeks associated with oceanic equatorial inertia–gravity waves and mixed Rossby–gravity waves. At that time, the measurements available ...

J. Thomas Farrar; Theodore S. Durland

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Impacts of the Tropical Pacific/Indian Oceans on the Seasonal Cycle of the West African Monsoon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The current consensus is that drought has developed in the Sahel during the second half of the twentieth century as a result of remote effects of oceanic anomalies amplified by local land–atmosphere interactions. This paper focuses on the impacts ...

E. Mohino; B. Rodríguez-Fonseca; C. R. Mechoso; S. Gervois; P. Ruti; F. Chauvin

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Surface Buoyancy Forcing and the Mixed Layer of the Western Pacific Warm Pool: Observations and 1D Model Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The broad, shallow body of warm (>29°C) water found in the western tropical Pacific Ocean plays an important role in the coupled ocean-atmosphere dynamics and thermodynamics associated with the El Niño-Southern Oscillation phenomenon. Thus, it is ...

Steven P. Anderson; Robert A. Weller; Roger B. Lukas

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Upper Ocean Water Masses and Transports in the Western Tropical Pacific (165°E)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of the international TOGA program, the ORSTOM Center in Nouméa (New Caledonia) initiated in January 1984 a series of semi-annual cruises along the 165°E meridian from 20°S to 10°N, across the equatorial current system of the western ...

Thierry Delcroix; Gerard Eldin; Christian Hénin

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Variations in Gyre Closure at the Water Mass Crossroads of the Western Equatorial Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Assuming the flow over the depth of interest may be described by a 2D streamfunction, ?, a general analytical method for determining the path of each streamline through a series of channels, which may be western boundary layers or straits, is ...

Roxana C. Wajsowicz

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Pacific Gas and Electric Company’s Comments on the State Water Resources Control Board’s Proposed Policy Water Quality Control Policy on the Use of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) supports the protection of California’s marine resources through development of a consistent statewide policy implementing Section 316(b) of the Clean Water Act. As we have previously stated, we support efforts to transition away from once through cooling and have clearly demonstrated that support through the

Estuarine Waters; Power Plant Cooling

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

The Effect of Cold Climate upon North Atlantic Deep Water Formation in a Simple Ocean–Atmosphere Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The sensitivity of North Atlantic Deep Water formation to variations in mean surface temperature is explored with a meridional-vertical plane ocean model coupled to an energy balance atmosphere. It is found that North Atlantic Deep Water ...

Michael Winton

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Dynamics of the Coastal Oyashio and Its Seasonal Variation in a High-Resolution Western North Pacific Ocean Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Coastal Oyashio (CO) carries the cold, fresh, and relatively light water mass called the Coastal Oyashio Water (COW) westward along the southeastern coast of Hokkaido in winter and spring. To investigate dynamics of the CO and its seasonal ...

Kei Sakamoto; Hiroyuki Tsujino; Shiro Nishikawa; Hideyuki Nakano; Tatsuo Motoi

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Relationships between Water Vapor Path and Precipitation over the Tropical Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relationship between water vapor path W and surface precipitation rate P over tropical oceanic regions is analyzed using 4 yr of gridded daily SSM/I satellite microwave radiometer data. A tight monthly mean relationship P (mm day?1) = exp[...

Christopher S. Bretherton; Matthew E. Peters; Larissa E. Back

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

MHK Technologies/Deep Ocean Water Application Facility DOWAF | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Water Application Facility DOWAF Water Application Facility DOWAF < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Deep Ocean Water Application Facility DOWAF.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Marc M Siah Associates Inc Technology Resource Click here OTEC Technology Type Click here OTEC - Hybrid Cycle Technology Description MOTEC systems utilize the temperature differential between the warm surface and the cold deep seawater The OTEC heat engine converts the thermal energy into usable mechanical energy which in turn is converted to electrical energy There are different types of OTEC system Technology Dimensions Device Testing Date Submitted 24:54.0 << Return to the MHK database homepage Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=MHK_Technologies/Deep_Ocean_Water_Application_Facility_DOWAF&oldid=681561

283

Equatorward Pathways of Solomon Sea Water Masses and Their Modifications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Solomon Sea is a key region of the southwest Pacific Ocean, connecting the thermocline subtropics to the equator via western boundary currents (WBCs). Modifications to water masses are thought to occur in this region because of the significant ...

Angélique Melet; Jacques Verron; Lionel Gourdeau; Ariane Koch-Larrouy

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

A RADIOLARIAN ANALYSIS OF THE MONTEREY FORMATION: PALEOCEANOGRAPHIC RECONSTRUCTIONS OF THE NEOGENE CALIFORNIA CURRENT SYSTEM (PACIFIC OCEAN) .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Neogene radiolarian assemblages were examined from California, the offshore waters, and adjacent areas. Three time plans, 10, 8, and 5 Ma, were selected for study… (more)

[No author

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Rates of Water Mass Formation in the North Atlantic Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

North Atlantic air-sea heat and freshwater flux data from several sources are used to estimate the conversion rate of water from one density to another throughout the range of sea surface density. This cross-isopycnal mass flux varies greatly ...

Kevin Speer; Eli Tziperman

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Dianeutral Motion, Water Mass Conversion, and Nonlinear Effects on the Density Ratio in the Pacific Thermocline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The averaged hydrography of Levitus has been used to form maps of various quantities that contribute to dianeutral advecion in the Pacific thermocline. On much of the “26.50” neutral surface cabbeling and thermobaricity contribute between ?0.2 × ...

Yuzhu You; Trevor J. McDougall; Raymond W. Schmitt

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Temperature Inversions in the Subarctic North Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydrographic data from the World Ocean Database 2001 and Argo profiling floats were analyzed to study temperature inversions in the subarctic North Pacific Ocean. The frequency distribution of temperature inversions [F(t-inv)] at a resolution of ...

Hiromichi Ueno; Ichiro Yasuda

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

2007-2010 Ocean Protection Council/California Sea Grant Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Overlaps in Fragmented Ocean Governance. Marine Policy, 33:J. Digital Library of Ocean Management Laws: Californiagigas) in the Pacific Ocean off Baja California Sur, Mexico.

Johnson, Christina S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Strong wind forcing of the ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 107 (C2). Vanderbilt, V .in the subtropical pacific ocean. Science, 316, 1017^1021.simulations of the upper ocean's response to hurricane felix

Zedler, Sarah E.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Geochemistry of clathrate-derived methane in Arctic Ocean waters  

SciTech Connect

Alterations to the composition of seawater are estimated for microbial oxidation of methane from large polar clathrate destabilizations, which may arise in the coming century. Gas fluxes are taken from porous flow models of warming Arctic sediment. Plume spread parameters are then used to bracket the volume of dilution. Consumption stoichiometries for the marine methanotrophs are based on growth efficiency and elemental/enzyme composition data. The nutritional demand implied by extra CH{sub 4} removal is compared with supply in various high latitude water masses. For emissions sized to fit the shelf break, reaction potential begins at one hundred micromolar and falls to order ten a thousand kilometers downstream. Oxygen loss and carbon dioxide production are sufficient respectively to hypoxify and acidify poorly ventilated basins. Nitrogen and the monooxygenase transition metals may be depleted in some locations as well. Deprivation is implied relative to existing ecosystems, along with dispersal of the excess dissolved gas. Physical uncertainties are inherent in the clathrate abundance, patch size, outflow buoyancy and mixing rate. Microbial ecology is even less defined but may involve nutrient recycling and anaerobic oxidizers.

Elliott, S.M.; Reagan, M.T.; Moridis, G.J.; Cameron-Smith, P.J.

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

291

Water Mass Analysis of Effect of Climate Change on Air–Sea CO2 Fluxes: The Southern Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Impacts of climate change on air–sea CO2 exchange are strongly region dependent, particularly in the Southern Ocean. Yet, in the Southern Ocean the role of water masses in the uptake of anthropogenic carbon is still debated. Here, a methodology is ...

Roland Séférian; Daniele Iudicone; Laurent Bopp; Tilla Roy; Gurvan Madec

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

OVERVIEW OF TUNA FISHERIES IN THE WESTERN AND CENTRAL PACIFIC OCEAN, INCLUDING ECONOMIC CONDITIONS – 2011 WCPFC-SC8-2012/GN WP-1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper provides a broad description of the major fisheries in the WCPFC Statistical Area (WCP-CA) highlighting activities during the most recent calendar year (2011) and covering the most recent version of catch estimates by gear and species. The provisional total WCP–CA tuna catch for 2011 was estimated at 2,244,776 mt, the lowest since 2005 and 300,000 mt lower than the record in 2009 (2,544,679 mt); this catch represented 79 % of the total Pacific Ocean catch of 2,833,020 mt, and 55 % of the global tuna catch (the provisional estimate for 2011 is 4,077,814 mt, which is the lowest for 10 years). The 2011 WCP–CA catch of skipjack (1,540,189 mt – 69 % of the total catch) was only the fifth highest recorded and around 215,000 mt less than the record catch of 2009 (1,756,628 mt). The WCP–CA yellowfin catch for 2011 (430,506 mt – 19%) was the lowest since 1996 and more than 170,000 mt lower than the record catch taken in 2005 (602,892 mt) due to poor catches in the purse seine fishery. The WCP–CA bigeye catch for 2011 (151,533 mt – 7%) was close to the average for the past decade. The 2011 WCP–CA albacore catch (122,548 mt- 5%) was relatively stable and close to the average for the past decade. The 2011 WCP–CA albacore catch includes catches of north

Republic Of Korea; Peter Williams; Peter Terawasi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

A Satellite Study of the Relationship between Sea Surface Temperature and Column Water Vapor over Tropical and Subtropical Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The known characteristics of the relationship between sea surface temperature (SST) and column water vapor (CWV) are reevaluated with recent satellite observations over tropical and subtropical oceans. Satellite data acquired by the Aqua Advanced ...

Kaya Kanemaru; Hirohiko Masunaga

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Model Estimates of the Land and Ocean Contributions to Biospheric Carbon and Water Fluxes Using MODIS Satellite Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Land and ocean are often treated separately in modeling studies despite their close links through the carbon, water, and energy cycles. However, biospheric models, particularly when used in conjunction with recent satellite datasets, provide a new,...

Paul B. Alton; Per E. Bodin

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Cloud Liquid Water Path from Satellite-Based Passive Microwave Observations: A New Climatology over the Global Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work describes a new climatology of cloud liquid water path (LWP), termed the University of Wisconsin (UWisc) climatology, derived from 18 yr of satellite-based passive microwave observations over the global oceans. The climatology is based ...

Christopher W. O’Dell; Frank J. Wentz; Ralf Bennartz

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Analysis of Intense Poleward Water Vapor Transports into High Latitudes of Western North America  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Significant cool season precipitation along the western coast of North America is often associated with intense water vapor transport (IWVT) from the Pacific Ocean during favorable synoptic-scale flow regimes. These relatively narrow and intense ...

Alain Roberge; John R. Gyakum; Eyad H. Atallah

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Freshening of Subsurface Waters in the Northwest Pacific Subtropical Gyre: Observations and Dynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Subsurface salinity anomalies propagating between mid- and low latitudes along isopycnal surfaces have been shown to play an important role in modulating ocean and climate variability. In this study, a sustained freshening and southwestward ...

Youfang Yan; Eric P. Chassignet; Yiquan Qi; William K. Dewar

298

Carbon dioxide, hydrographic, and chemical data obtained in the Central South Pacific Ocean (WOCE sections P17S and P16S) during the tunes-2-expedition of the R/V Thomas Washington, July--August 1991  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This data documentation discusses the procedures and methods used to measure total carbon dioxide (TCO{sub 2}), discrete partial pressure of TCO{sub 2} (pCO{sub 2}), and total alkalinity (TALK), during the Research Vessel (R/V) Thomas Washington TUNES Leg 2 Expedition in the central South Pacific Ocean. Conducted as part of the World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE), the cruise began in Papeete, Tahiti, French Polynesia, on July 16, 1991, and returned to Papeete on August 25, 1991. WOCE Meridional Sections P17S along 135{degrees} W and P16S along 150{degrees} W were completed during the 40-day expedition. A total of 97 hydrographic stations were occupied. Hydrographic and chemical measurements made along WOCE Sections P17S and P16S included pressure, temperature, salinity, and oxygen measured by conductivity, temperature and depth sensor; bottle salinity; oxygen; phosphate; nitrate; nitrite; silicate; CFC-12; CFC- 11; TCO{sub 2}; TALK; and pCO{sub 2} measured at 20{degrees}C. The TCO{sub 2} concentration in 1000 seawater samples was determined with a coulometric analysis system, the pCO{sub 2} in 940 water samples was determined with an equilibrator/gas chromatograph system, while the TALK concentration in 139 samples was determined on shore at the laboratory of C. Goyet of Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution with an alkalinity titration system. In addition, 156 coulometric measurements for the Certified Reference Material (Batch {number_sign}6) were made and yielded a mean value of 2303.2 {plus_minus} 1.5 {mu}mol/kg. This mean value agrees within a standard deviation of the 2304.6 {plus_minus} 1.6 {mu}mol/kg (N=9) value determined with the manometer of C. D. Keeling at Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO). Replicate samples from 11 Niskin bottles at 4 stations were also collected for later shore-based reference analyses of TCO{sub 2} and TALK by vacuum extraction and manometry in the laboratory of C. D. Keeling of SIO.

NONE

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

299

Origin of the Ocean on the Earth: Early Evolution of Water D/H in a Hydrogen-rich Atmosphere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The origin of the Earth's ocean has been discussed on the basis of deuterium/hydrogen ratios (D/H) of several sources of water in the solar system. The average D/H of carbonaceous chondrites (CC's) is known to be close to the current D/H of the Earth's ocean, while those of comets and the solar nebula are larger by about a factor of two and smaller by about a factor of seven, respectively, than that of the Earth's ocean. Thus, the main source of the Earth's ocean has been thought to be CC's or adequate mixing of comets and the solar nebula. However, those conclusions are correct only if D/H of water on the Earth has remained unchanged for the past 4.5 Gyr. In this paper, we investigate evolution of D/H in the ocean in the case that the early Earth had a hydrogen-rich atmosphere, the existence of which is predicted by recent theories of planet formation no matter whether the nebula remains or not. Then we show that D/H in the ocean increases by a factor of 2-9, which is caused by the mass fractionation during atmospheric hydrogen loss, followed by deuterium exchange between hydrogen gas and water vapor during ocean formation. This result suggests that the apparent similarity in D/H of water between CC's and the current Earth's ocean does not necessarily support the CC's origin of water and that the apparent discrepancy in D/H is not a good reason for excluding the nebular origin of water.

Hidenori Genda; Masahiro Ikoma

2007-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

300

Adjustment of Near-Equatorial Wind Stress with Four-Dimensional Variational Data Assimilation in a Model of the Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A four-dimensional variational scheme is described in which ocean observations are assimilated into an ocean general circulation model using wind stress forcing fields as control variables. Idealized (“twin”) experiments are performed to evaluate ...

Femke C. Vossepoel; Anthony T. Weaver; Jérôme Vialard; Pascale Delecluse

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

The Ocean’s Memory of the Atmosphere: Residence-Time and Ventilation-Rate Distributions of Water Masses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A conceptually new approach to diagnosing tracer-independent ventilation rates is developed. Tracer Green functions are exploited to partition ventilation rates according to the ventilated fluid’s residence time in the ocean interior and ...

François W. Primeau; Mark Holzer

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Tropical Ocean Circulation Experiments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A primitive equation model of the equatorial Pacific Ocean was forced by realistic wind stress distributions over decades. Results were presented for a set of two experiments. In the first experiment the model was forced by an objectively ...

Mojib Latif

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Surface water and atmospheric underway carbon data obtained during the World Ocean Circulation Experiment Indian Ocean survey cruises (R/V Knorr, December 1998--January 1996)  

SciTech Connect

This data documentation presents the results of the surface water and atmospheric underway measurements of mole fraction of carbon dioxide (xCO{sub 2}), sea surface salinity, and sea surface temperature, obtained during the World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) Indian Ocean survey cruises (December 1994--January 1996). Discrete and underway carbon measurements were made by members of the CO{sub 2} survey team. The survey team is a part of the Joint Global Ocean Flux Study supported by the US Department of Energy to make carbon-related measurements on the WOCE global survey cruises. Approximately 200,000 surface seawater and 50,000 marine air xCO{sub 2} measurements were recorded.

Kozyr, A. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Energy, Environment, and Resources Center; Allison, L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

2–3-Day Convective Variability in the Tropical Western Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is an examination of 2–3-day convective variability in the tropical Pacific region. The initial focus of the paper is on the western tropical Pacific during the Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Response ...

Carol Anne Clayson; Brian Strahl; Jon Schrage

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

PDO-Related Heat and Temperature Budget Changes in a Model of the North Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heat and temperature budget changes in a ?° model of the North Pacific driven by an idealized Pacific decadal oscillation (PDO) atmospheric forcing are diagnosed to determine the roles of atmospheric heat flux and ocean dynamics in upper-ocean ...

Jordan T. Dawe; Lu Anne Thompson

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Measured electric hot water standby and demand loads from Pacific Northwest homes. End-Use Load and Consumer Assessment Program  

SciTech Connect

The Bonneville Power Administration began the End-Use Load and Consumer Assessment Program (ELCAP) in 1983 to obtain metered hourly end-use consumption data for a large sample of new and existing residential and commercial buildings in the Pacific Northwest. Loads and load shapes from the first 3 years of data fro each of several ELCAP residential studies representing various segments of the housing population have been summarized by Pratt et al. The analysis reported here uses the ELCAP data to investigate in much greater detail the relationship of key occupant and tank characteristics to the consumption of electricity for water heating. The hourly data collected provides opportunities to understand electricity consumption for heating water and to examine assumptions about water heating that are critical to load forecasting and conservation resource assessments. Specific objectives of this analysis are to: (A) determine the current baseline for standby heat losses by determining the standby heat loss of each hot water tank in the sample, (B) examine key assumptions affecting standby heat losses such as hot water temperatures and tank sizes and locations, (C) estimate, where possible, impacts on standby heat losses by conservation measures such as insulating tank wraps, pipe wraps, anticonvection valves or traps, and insulating bottom boards, (D) estimate the EF-factors used by the federal efficiency standards and the nominal R-values of the tanks in the sample, (E) develop estimates of demand for hot water for each home in the sample by subtracting the standby load from the total hot water load, (F) examine the relationship between the ages and number of occupants and the hot water demand, (G) place the standby and demand components of water heating electricity consumption in perspective with the total hot water load and load shape.

Pratt, R.G.; Ross, B.A.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Localization of Deep Water Formation: Role of Atmospheric Moisture Transport and Geometrical Constraints on Ocean Circulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A series of coupled atmosphere–ocean–ice aquaplanet experiments is described in which topological constraints on ocean circulation are introduced to study the role of ocean circulation on the mean climate of the coupled system. It is imagined ...

David Ferreira; John Marshall; Jean-Michel Campin

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Ocean | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ocean Ocean Ocean Data Tools Technical Guide Map Gallery Regional Planning Feedback Ocean Welcome to our COMMUNITY This is the National Ocean Council's portal for data, information, and decision tools to support people engaged in regional marine planning for the future use of the ocean, our coasts, and the Great Lakes. Our goal is to enhance discovery of and access to data and information for planners, stakeholders, and the public. Please visit our Feedback page to tell us what would make the site most useful to you as we expand our content. Start Here! Previous Pause Next PacIOOS - Pacific Islands Voyager PacIOOS - Pacific Islands Voyager View More West Coast Governors Alliance - Regional Data Framework West Coast Governors Alliance - Regional Data Framework View More Mid-Atlantic Ocean Data Portal

309

Modulation of North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity by Three Phases of ENSO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tropical Pacific Ocean warming has been separated into two modes based on the spatial distribution of the maximum sea surface temperature (SST) anomaly: an east Pacific warming (EPW) and a central Pacific warming (CPW). When combined with east ...

Hye-Mi Kim; Peter J. Webster; Judith A. Curry

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

PACIFICA (PACIFic ocean Interior CArbon)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Database About PACIFICA NDP-092: PACIFICA Data Synthesis Project PACIFICA Cruise Summary Table and Original Cruise Data PACIFICA Data Products PACIFICA Database ODV Collection...

311

Dominant Anomaly Patterns in the Near-Surface Baroclinicity and Accompanying Anomalies in the Atmosphere and Oceans. Part II: North Pacific Basin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Variability in the monthly-mean flow and storm track in the North Pacific basin is examined with a focus on the near-surface baroclinicity. Dominant patterns of anomalous near-surface baroclinicity found from empirical orthogonal function (EOF) ...

Mototaka Nakamura; Shozo Yamane

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

A Study of Geostrophy in Tropical Pacific Ocean Currents during the NORPAX Tahiti Shuttle using a Shipboard Doppler Acoustic Current Profiler  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Continuous velocity measurements from a shipboard Doppler acoustic long on the NORPAX shuttle experiment in the central equatorial Pacific are presented. The time mean of these velocities shows the classical zonal equatorial currents as well as ...

Eric S. Johnson; Lloyd A. Regier; Robert A. Knox

1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

The Tropical Eastern Pacific Seasonal Cycle: Assessment of Errors and Mechanisms in IPCC AR4 Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere General Circulation Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Warmer SST and more rain in the Northern Hemisphere are observed year-round in the tropical eastern Pacific with southerly wind crossing the equator toward the atmospheric heating. The southerlies are minimal during boreal spring, when two ...

Simon P. de Szoeke; Shang-Ping Xie

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Origin of the Ocean on the Earth: Early Evolution of Water D/H in a Hydrogen-rich Atmosphere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The origin of the Earth's ocean has been discussed on the basis of deuterium/hydrogen ratios (D/H) of several sources of water in the solar system. The average D/H of carbonaceous chondrites (CC's) is known to be close to the current D/H of the Earth's ocean, while those of comets and the solar nebula are larger by about a factor of two and smaller by about a factor of seven, respectively, than that of the Earth's ocean. Thus, the main source of the Earth's ocean has been thought to be CC's or adequate mixing of comets and the solar nebula. However, those conclusions are correct only if D/H of water on the Earth has remained unchanged for the past 4.5 Gyr. In this paper, we investigate evolution of D/H in the ocean in the case that the early Earth had a hydrogen-rich atmosphere, the existence of which is predicted by recent theories of planet formation no matter whether the nebula remains or not. Then we show that D/H in the ocean increases by a factor of 2-9, which is caused by the mass fractionation during ...

Genda, Hidenori

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Ocean Dynamics, Thermocline Adjustment, and Regulation of Tropical SST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The role of tropical Pacific ocean dynamics in regulating the ocean response to thermodynamic forcing is investigated using an ocean general circulation model (GCM) coupled to a model of the atmospheric mixed layer. It is found that the basin ...

Richard Seager; Ragu Murtugudde

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Molecular diversity and adaptations of microorganisms from the deep ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the North Pacific ocean. ISME J. 3:1374-1386. DeLong, E.microbial assemblages in the ocean's interior. Science 311:J. 4:159-170. Schlitzer, R. 2010. Ocean Data View. [http://

Eloe, Emiley Ansley

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Dynamic and Thermodynamic Regulation of Ocean Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relative roles of clouds, surface evaporation, and ocean heat transport in limiting maximum sea surface temperatures (SSTs) in the western Pacific warm pool are investigated by means of simple and intermediate coupled ocean–atmosphere models. ...

Tim Li; Timothy F. Hogan; C-P. Chang

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Modes of Interannual and Interdecadal Variability of Pacific SST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The multichannel singular spectrum analysis has been used to characterize the spatio–temporal structures of interdecadal and interannual variability of SST over the Pacific Ocean from 20°S to 58°N. Using the Comprehensive Ocean–Atmosphere Data ...

Xuebin Zhang; Jian Sheng; Amir Shabbar

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Directionality and Crest Length Statistics of Steep Waves in Open Ocean Waters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new wavelet analysis methodology is applied to open ocean wave height data from the Southern Ocean Waves Experiment (1992) and from a field experiment conducted at Duck, North Carolina, in 1997 with the aim of estimating the directionality and ...

Nicholas Scott; Tetsu Hara; Paul A. Hwang; Edward J. Walsh

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Horizontal Ocean Circulation Forced by Deep-Water Formation. Part I: An Analytical Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The horizontal ocean circulation generated by vertical convection is investigated analytically. The stratification is parameterized by a two-layer ocean and attention is focused on the spinup phase when the phenomena can be considered as linear. ...

M. Crépon; M. Boukthir; B. Barnier; F. Aikman III

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Surface Meteorology and Air-Sea Fluxes in the Western Equatorial Pacific Warm Pool during the TOGA Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Response Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A major goal of the Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Response Experiment (COARE) was to achieve significantly more accurate and complete descriptions of the surface meteorology and air-sea fluxes in the western equatorial warm pool region. Time series of ...

R. A. Weller; S. P. Anderson

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Methods for the Reconstruction of Vertical Profiles from Surface Data: Multivariate Analyses, Residual GEM, and Variable Temporal Signals in the North Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Different methods for the extrapolation of vertical profiles from sea surface measurements have been tested on 14 yr of conductivity–temperature–depth (CTD) data collected within the Hawaii Ocean Time-series (HOT) program at A Long-Term ...

Bruno Buongiorno Nardelli; Rosalia Santoleri

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Meso- to Large-Scale Structure of Subducting Water in the Subtropical Gyre of the Eastern North Atlantic Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of an observational study of ocean subduction, SeaSoar surveys were carried out following subducting water tagged by bobber floats during their deployment in the spring of 1991 and again in the fall of 1992 and spring of 1993. In the ...

Terrence M. Joyce; James R. Luyten; Alexander Kubryakov; Frank B. Bahr; Julie S. Pallant

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Water Mass Transformations in the Southern Ocean Diagnosed from Observations: Contrasting Effects of Air–Sea Fluxes and Diapycnal Mixing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Transformation and formation rates of water masses in the Southern Ocean are estimated in a neutral-surface framework using air–sea fluxes of heat and freshwater together with in situ estimates of diapycnal mixing. The air–sea fluxes are taken ...

Gualtiero Badin; Richard G. Williams; Zhao Jing; Lixin Wu

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Annual Cycle and Depth Penetration of Wind-Generated Near-Inertial Internal Waves at Ocean Station Papa in the Northeast Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The downward propagation of near-inertial internal waves following winter storms is examined in the context of a 2-yr record of velocity in the upper 800 m at Ocean Station Papa. The long time series allow accurate estimation of wave frequency, ...

Matthew H. Alford; Meghan F. Cronin; Jody M. Klymak

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis, are distributed throughout the Pacific  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

343 Skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis, are distributed throughout the Pacific Ocean in tropical estimated catches now exceed one million metric tons. In the eastern Pacific Ocean (EPO), skipjack tuna have and west of 105°W to about 125°W. Estimated annual catches of skipjack tuna during the 1988 to 1997 period

327

Radiocarbon Concentration in Pacific Ocean Water By G. S. BIEN, N. W. RAKESTRAW, and H. E. SUESS,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the atmosphere by atomic bombs. Samples from a constant depth of about 3,500 meters show a C14 content decreasing with those reported by Rafter and Fergusson. However, abnormal C14concentrations seem to exist locally scarcely be very accurate. But the addition of artificial radiocarbon to the atmosphere by bomb explosions

328

The Role of Local Heating in Producing Temperature Variations in the Offshore Waters of the Eastern Tropical Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The role of local heating in producing annual and interannual sea-surface temperature variations in the eastern tropical Pacific is studied. Removed from the eastern boundary (122°W), and off the equator, local heating plays a major role in ...

Ants Leetmaa

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

100 kW CC-OTEC Plant and Deep Ocean water Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Examine multiple usage of DSW Yokogawa Electric Produce & set up electricity & control system Plant the electric grid for the first time in 15 years in the world. #12;IOES (Institute of Ocean Energy, Saga Univ.) Experiments and Demonstration by IOES (Institute of Ocean Energy, Saga University) 30 kW Electricity

330

Energy and water development appropriations for 1983. Hearings before a Subcommittee on Appropriations, House of Representatives, Ninety-Seventh Congress, Second Session. Part 2  

SciTech Connect

Part 2 of the hearing record covers the testimony of Corps of Engineers of the Missouri River, North Pacific, Ohio River, Pacific Ocean, South Pacific, and Southwestern Divisions, as well as the testimony of officials from the Delaware and Susquehanna River Basins and the Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin. The committee received information on water projects pertinent to the 1983 budget appropriations. (DCK)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Low-Frequency Variability in Shallow-Water Models of the Wind-Driven Ocean Circulation. Part I: Steady-State Solution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Successive bifurcations—from steady states through periodic to aperiodic solutions—are studied in a shallow-water, reduced-gravity, 2½-layer model of the midlatitude ocean circulation subject to time-independent wind stress. The bifurcation ...

Eric Simonnet; Michael Ghil; Kayo Ide; Roger Temam; Shouhong Wang

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Evaluation of Interior Circulation in a High-Resolution Global Ocean Model. Part II: Southern Hemisphere Intermediate, Mode, and Thermocline Waters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A high-resolution, offline ocean general circulation model, incorporating a realistic parameterization of mixed layer convection, is used to diagnose pathways and time scales of Southern Hemisphere intermediate, mode, and lower thermocline water ...

Alexander Sen Gupta; Matthew H. England

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

On Challenges in Predicting Bottom Water Transport in the Southern Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Changes in the Southern Ocean lower-limb overturning circulation are analyzed using a set of climate models. In agreement with some recently developed theoretical models, it is found that the overturning can be strongly affected by winds. In ...

Oleg A. Saenko; Alex Sen Gupta; Paul Spence

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

A Physically Consistent Formulation of Lateral Friction in Shallow-Water Equation Ocean Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dissipation in numerical ocean models has two purposes: to simulate processes in which the friction is physically relevant and to prevent numerical instability by suppressing accumulation of energy in the smallest resolved scales. This study ...

Alexander F. Shchepetkin; James J. O'Brien

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

A Study of the Wavenumber Spectra of Short Water Waves in the Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spatial measurements of capillary-gravity waves in the ocean were obtained using a scanning slope sensor mounted on a free-drifting buoy intended to minimize the flow disturbance. The data provide direct calculation of the wavenumber spectra of ...

Paul A. Hwang; Serhad Atakturk; A. Sletten; Dennis B. Trizna

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Identification of Atmospheric Fronts over the Ocean with Microwave Measurements of Water Vapor and Rain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Paper describes some basic research techniques and algorithms developed to diagnose fronts in cyclonic storms over the ocean with data from satellite-borne microwave radiometers. The need for this research stems from the limited availability ...

Kristina B. Kanaros; Iffekhar Bhatti; Llynn A. Mcmurdie; Grant W. Petty

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

A Method for Assimilating Lagrangian Data into a Shallow-Water-Equation Ocean Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lagrangian measurements provide a significant portion of the data collected in the ocean. Difficulties arise in their assimilation, however, since Lagrangian data are described in a moving frame of reference that does not correspond to the fixed ...

H. Salman; L. Kuznetsov; C. K. R. T. Jones; K. Ide

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Ocean Interpolation by Four-Dimensional Weighted Least Squares—Application to the Waters around Australasia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new four-dimensional ocean interpolation system based on locally weighted least squares fitting is presented. A loess filter is used to interpolate irregularly spaced data onto a uniform grid. This involves projecting the data onto quadratic ...

K. R. Ridgway; J. R. Dunn; J. L. Wilkin

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

The Ocean–Land–Atmosphere Model (OLAM). Part I: Shallow-Water Tests  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Ocean–Land–Atmosphere Model (OLAM) has been developed to extend the capabilities of the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS) to a global model domain. OLAM adopts many features of its predecessor, including physical parameterizations, ...

Robert L. Walko; Roni Avissar

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Mechanisms for the Interannual Variability of SST in the East Pacific Warm Pool  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In comparison with the western and equatorial Pacific Ocean, relatively little is known about the east Pacific warm pool (EPWP). Observations indicate that the interannual variability of sea surface temperature (SST) in the EPWP is highly ...

Kristopher B. Karnauskas; Antonio J. Busalacchi

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

The South Pacific Meridional Mode: A Mechanism for ENSO-like Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study we investigate the connection between the South Pacific atmospheric variability and the tropical Pacific climate in models of different degrees of coupling between atmosphere and ocean. A robust mode of variability, defined as the ...

Honghai Zhang; Amy Clement; Pedro Di Nezio

342

Is the Interannual Variability of the Summer Asian–Pacific Oscillation Predictable?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The summer (June–August) Asian–Pacific Oscillation (APO) measures the interannual variability of large-scale atmospheric circulation over the Asian–North Pacific Ocean sector. In this study, the authors assess the predictability of the summer APO ...

Yanyan Huang; Huijun Wang; Ping Zhao

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Inverse estimates of anthropogenic CO2 uptake, transport, and storage by the ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 inventory of the Indian Ocean, Global Biogeochem. Cycles,of carbon dioxide: Key ocean/atmosphere/land ana- lyses,in the upper Pacific Ocean, Nature, 415, 603 – 608. Mikaloff

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Methods for hydrographic data collection and use applied to infer biogeochemistry in the Southern Ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

North and South Pacific Oceans between the 1960s and 1985–on "Saturation of the Southern Ocean CO 2 Sink Due to Recentand J. A. Kleypas (2009), Ocean acidification: the other CO

Carter, Brendan Rae

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Significance of microscale interactions in bacterial ecology and carbon biogeochemistry in the ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

organic particles in the ocean. Deep-Sea Res. , Part 1,micrometer particles in the ocean, Nature 345:242–244 Long,in the central North Pacific Ocean. Nature 330, 246 - 248

Malfatti, Francesca

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

A Numerical Investigation of Resonant Inertial Response of the Ocean to Wind Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A one-dimensional model of upper-ocean vertical mixing is used to investigate the ocean's response to idealized atmospheric storms over short (1–2 day) timescales. Initial ocean conditions are based on observations from the northeast Pacific. ...

G. B. Crawford; W. G. Large

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Transport of Freshwater by the Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The global distribution of freshwater transport in the ocean is presented, based on an integration point at Bering Strait, which connects the Pacific and Atlantic oceans via the Artic Ocean. Through Bering Strait, 0.8 × 106 m3 s?1 of relatively ...

Susan E. Wijffels; Raymond W. Schmitt; Harry L. Bryden; Anders Stigebrandt

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Contemporary population structure and historical demography of sailfish (Istiophorus platypterus) in the Atlantic Ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Atlantic sailfish (Istiophorus platypterus) is considered over-fished in U.S. waters. Furthermore, preliminary analyses of abundance indicate that a decline in biomass has occurred. While seminal studies have provided useful baseline data about intra- and inter-oceanic variation within sailfish, such studies may have underestimated the amount of genetic variability as a result of small sample sizes and the poor resolution of restriction fragment length polymorphism data. We used 263 base pairs from the hypervariable mitochondrial control region and fragment polymorphisms from five microsatellite loci to assess the contemporary population structure between eastern (n = 30) and western (n = 192) Atlantic sailfish stocks. We failed to reject the hypothesis of panmixia in Atlantic sailfish; however, higher levels of genetic variation were observed within the eastern Atlantic sailfish, and the nature of this difference needs to be investigated further. Having found no evidence of transatlantic differentiation, we pooled the Atlantic samples (n = 222) and compared them to a sample from the eastern Pacific (n = 22) and rejected the null hypothesis, concluding that sailfish from separate ocean basins do not share a common gene pool. We also found evidence of a recent sudden expansion of Clade I (the ubiquitous clade found in both Atlantic and Pacific Oceans) sailfish into the Atlantic that appears to have occurred between 164000 and 351000 years ago, coinciding with interglacial periods during the Pleistocene. This study also presents the first evidence of a recent sudden expansion of sailfish into the eastern Pacific, roughly 85400 to 173000 years ago, following a period when cooling in the eastern Pacific would have restricted the sailfish range to the warmer waters of the western Indo-Pacific. We emphasize that sailfish from this region of the Pacific are phenotypically distinct from those in the rest of the species' range and encourage further studies in order to determine if the eastern Pacific sailfish population should be managed as a separate stock.

Bangma, Jessica

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Decadal Variability of Two Oceans and an Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model of the midlatitude, large-scale interaction between the upper ocean and the troposphere is used to illustrate possible mechanisms of connection between the decadal variability in the North Atlantic and in the North Pacific. The two ocean ...

Blanca Gallego; Paola Cessi

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Coupled Atmosphere-Ocean Model Simulations of El Niño/Southern Oscillation with and without an Active Indian Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An atmospheric general circulation model (GCM) was coupled with an ocean GCM covering the Pacific. This coupled model (PAC) was integrated over a 30-years period. The PAC model stimulates well the mean seasonally varying atmospheric and ocean ...

T. Nagai; Y. Kitamura; M. Endoh; T. Tokioka

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Winter convection transports Atlantic Water heat to the surface layer in the eastern Arctic Ocean.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A one year (2009–2010) record of temperature and salinity profiles from Ice Tethered Profiler (ITP) buoys in the Eurasian Basin (EB) of the Arctic Ocean is used to quantify the flux of heat from the upper pycnocline to the surface mixed layer. The ...

Igor V. Polyakov; Andrey V. Pnyushkov; Robert Rember; Laurie Padman; Eddy C. Carmack; Jennifer M. Jackson

352

Winter Convection Transports Atlantic Water Heat to the Surface Layer in the Eastern Arctic Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A 1-yr (2009/10) record of temperature and salinity profiles from Ice-Tethered Profiler (ITP) buoys in the Eurasian Basin (EB) of the Arctic Ocean is used to quantify the flux of heat from the upper pycnocline to the surface mixed layer. The upper ...

Igor V. Polyakov; Andrey V. Pnyushkov; Robert Rember; Laurie Padman; Eddy C. Carmack; Jennifer M. Jackson

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Baroclinic Response of Sydney Shelf Waters to Local Wind and Deep Ocean Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A study of the forcing processes responsible for upwelling events in the coastal ocean of Sydney, Australia, has been performed using data collected over the summer of 1994 from a shore-normal-aligned mooring array and a numerical model. Analyses ...

Mark T. Gibbs; Jason H. Middleton; Patrick Marchesiello

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Evolution of the Deep Water in the Canadian Basin in the Arctic Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An overflow of magnitude 0.25 Sv (Sv ? 106 m?3 s?1) has been predicted to enter the Makarov Basin (part of the Canadian Basin in the Arctic Ocean) from the Eurasian Basin via a deep gap in the dividing Lomonosov ridge. The authors argue that this ...

M-L. Timmermans; Chris Garrett

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Design and testing of a deep sea formation water and temeperature sampling probe for the Ocean Drilling Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Ocean Drilling Program is an international research consortium dedicated to exploring the structure and history of earth beneath the oceans. The program receives funds from the National Science Foundation and 18 member countries. Texas A&M University serves as the science operator, drill ship operator, and Gulf Coast Core Repository. The objective of the program is to learn about the geological makeup of the ocean floor and develop a better understanding of how it was formed. Fluid and temperature samples are one means of determining the chemistry of the formation. In order to obtain quality samples a tool must probe into the formation approximately 18 inches and capture a small volume of fluid and record temperatures. The Ocean Drilling Program has developed two such probes, the IPOD in situ Pore Water Sampling Probe (PWS) and the Water Sample and Temperature Probe (WSTP). These probes return samples at near in situ conditions; however, fluid samples typically encounter a pressure drop as they enter the tool. Samples collected using these probes are suspected of giving questionable results due to possible gas/fluid separation as the sample experiences a pressure drop upon entering the probe. Fluid returned at formation pressure is hoped to give scientist a more accurate picture of the formation conditions and allow comparison between samples returned at formation pressure and those returned under partial pressure. The objective of this project was to design, test, and manufacture a probe that would consistently-return fluid and temperature samples at in situ conditions, The project was broken down into two stages, namely the design stage and the testing and manufacturing stage. The design stage was governed by a regimented design methodology. Steps included in the methodology were 1) Need Analysis, 2) Conceptual Design, 3) Conceptual Design Evaluation, and 4) Embodiment Design. The manufacturing and testing stage of the project consisted of full sample system testing and supervision of the manufacturing process. the result of the design process was a sampling system that combined a back pressure piston and metering valve. Full testing of this sampling system showed the sampling system allowed sampling of formation fluid with minimal pressure drop between the formation and the probe. Favorable results of the sampling system allowed for the development of a new probe tip configuration, as well as, a new modularized electronics section. Machine drawings were generated for all components of the tool. Components were then fabricated by a local machine shop. All components under went quality inspection and were then assembled. Full scale testing at the Ocean Drilling Programs Annex is the next step. If successful, the probe is to undergo sea trials in October of 1995.

Fisseler, Patrick James

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Primary Modes and Predictability of Year-to-Year Snowpack Variations in the Western United States from Teleconnections with Pacific Ocean Climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Snowpack, as measured on 1 April, is the primary source of warm-season streamflow for most of the western United States and thus represents an important source of water supply. An understanding of climate factors that influence the variability of ...

Gregory J. McCabe; Michael D. Dettinger

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

What Maintains the SST Front North of the Eastern Pacific Equatorial Cold Tongue?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A coupled ocean–atmosphere regional model suggests a mechanism for formation of a sharp sea surface temperature (SST) front north of the equator in the eastern Pacific Ocean in boreal summer and fall. Meridional convergence of Ekman transport at ...

Simon P. de Szoeke; Shang-Ping Xie; Toru Miyama; Kelvin J. Richards; R. Justin O. Small

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

The centennial and millennial variability of the IndoPacific warm pool and the Indonesian Throughflow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the only low-latitude connection between ocean basins, the Indonesian Throughflow allows the direct transmission of heat and salinity between the Pacific and Indian Oceans. Despite its potential importance, the role of ...

Gibbons, Fern Tolley

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Mixed-Layer Shear Generated by Wind Stress in the Central Equatorial Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sixteen months of wind and current profile observations in the central equatorial Pacific show the response of the upper-ocean shear to local wind forcing. The shear at the ocean surface is significantly correlated with the wind stress in ...

Fernando Santiago-Mandujano; Eric Firing

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Multiscale Variability of the Atmospheric Mixed Layer over the Western Pacific Warm Pool  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sounding data from Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Response Experiment (TOGA COARE) have provided a first opportunity to document the variability of the atmospheric mixed layer over the western Pacific warm pool on ...

Richard H. Johnson; Paul E. Ciesielski; Jennifer A. Cotturone

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Verification of Cloud Forecasts over the Eastern Pacific Using Passive Satellite Retrievals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Operational cloud forecasts generated by the Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System (COAMPS) were verified over the eastern Pacific Ocean. The study focused on the accuracy of cloud forecasts associated with extratropical cyclone ...

Jason E. Nachamkin; Jerome Schmidt; Cristian Mitrescu

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Subtropical Mode Water in the 137°E Section  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The subtropics mode water (STMW) in the North Pacific Ocean has been investigated based on the data of long-term observations along the 137°E meridian, which have been performed by the Japan Meteorological Agency since 1967 for winter and since ...

Toshio Suga; Kimio Hanawa; Yoshiaki Toba

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

The Combined Effect of Ocean Acidification and Euthrophication on water pH and Aragonite Saturation State in the Northern Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations are increasing the rate at which anthropogenic CO2 is accumulating in the ocean, and thereby acidifying ocean water. However, accumulation of anthropogenic CO2 is not the only process affecting coastal oceans. Anthropogenic inputs of nutrients to coastal waters can result in massive algal blooms, a process known as eutrophication. Microbial consumption of this organic matter depletes bottom waters of oxygen and increases acidity through the release of CO2. This study assesses the synergistic effect of ocean acidification and eutrophication in the coastal ocean using data from six cruises to the northern Gulf of Mexico. In addition, this study investigates the effect of the 2011 Mississippi River flood on coastal pH and aragonite saturation states. Data from a model simulation using data collected from the northern Gulf of Mexico indicates that eutrophication is contributing to acidification of subsurface waters and plays a larger role than acidification from atmospheric CO2 uptake. Furthermore, results from the model simulation show that the decrease in pH since the industrial era is 0.04 units greater than expected from ocean acidification and eutrophication combined. The additional decrease was attributed to the reduced buffering capacity of the region and may be related to the uptake of atmospheric CO2 into O2-depleted and CO2-enriched waters, the addition of atmospheric CO2 into O2-rich and CO2-poor waters, the input of CO2 via respiration into waters in equilibrium with high atmospheric CO2, or a combination of all three processes.

Garcia Tigreros, Fenix

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Pacific Cod  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Physical Characteristics of Oils, Fats, and Waxes Cod, Pacific Specific Gravity (SG) 15.5/15.5°C 25/25°C Other SG Refractive Index (RI) 25°C 40°C Other RI Iodine Value Saponification Value Titer °C % Unsaponifiable Melti

365

An Investigation of Explosively Deepening Oceanic Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The explosively deepening oceanic cyclone or “bomb,” one which has central pressure falls of 12 mb (12 h)?1 or greater, has been studied using composites constructed from North Atlantic and Pacific weather ship rawinsonde data during the period ...

Eric Rogers; Lance F. Bosart

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Solitons in a Continuously Stratified Equatorial Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The equatorial soliton studies of Boyd are extended to include the effects of continuous vertical stratification. We use vertical profiles of density measured in the equatorial Pacific Ocean and an idealized profile.

Hal G. Marshall; John P. Boyd

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

A Pacific Interdecadal Climate Oscillation with Impacts on Salmon Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Evidence gleaned from the instrumental record of climate data identifies a robust, recurring pattern of ocean–atmosphere climate variability centered over the midlatitude North Pacific basin. Over the past century, the amplitude of this climate ...

Nathan J. Mantua; Steven R. Hare; Yuan Zhang; John M. Wallace; Robert C. Francis

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Optical Properties of Aerosol Particles over the Northeast Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In July 2002, atmospheric aerosol measurements were conducted over the northeast Pacific Ocean as part of the Subarctic Ecosystem Response to Iron Enhancement Study (SERIES). The following aerosol quantities were measured: particle number size ...

Julia Marshall; Ulrike Lohmann; W. Richard Leaitch; Nicole Shantz; Lisa Phinney; Desiree Toom-Sauntry; Sangeeta Sharma

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

On the Annual Cycle in the Tropical Eastern Central Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the tropical eastern central Pacific Ocean, the annual cycle in sea surface temperature (SST), surface winds and pressure, and clouds are alternatively dominated by an antisymmetric (with respect to the equator) monsoonal mode in February and ...

Bin Wang

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Pacific Subtropical Cell Response to Reduced Equatorial Dissipation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Equatorial turbulent diffusivities resulting from breaking gravity waves may be more than a factor of 10 less than those in the midlatitudes. A coupled general circulation model with a layered isopycnal coordinate ocean is used to assess Pacific ...

M. J. Harrison; R. W. Hallberg

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Pacific Decadal Variability: Paced by Rossby Basin Modes?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A systematic study is presented of decadal climate variability in the North Pacific. In particular, the hypothesis is addressed that oceanic Rossby basin modes are responsible for enhanced energy at decadal and bidecadal time scales. To this end, ...

Wilbert Weijer; Ernesto Muñoz; Niklas Schneider; François Primeau

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Processes Controlling the Mean Tropical Pacific Precipitation Pattern. Part I: The Andes and the Eastern Pacific ITCZ  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The question of why the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) is generally north of the equator in the tropical Pacific is addressed. Experiments with an atmospheric general circulation model coupled to idealized representations of the ocean show ...

Ken Takahashi; David S. Battisti

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Diurnal Characteristics of Precipitation Features over the Tropical East Pacific: A Comparison of the EPIC and TEPPS Regions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the diurnal cycle of precipitation features in two regions of the tropical east Pacific where field campaigns [the East Pacific Investigation of Climate Processes in the Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere System (EPIC) and the Tropical ...

R. Cifelli; S. W. Nesbitt; S. A. Rutledge; W. A. Petersen; S. Yuter

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Turbulent Mixing at the Pacific Subtropical Front  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some advection of water across the North Pacific subtropical front occurs by the subduction of surface mixed layers from the north side of the front underneath surface waters on the south side. Cross-frontal advection in the thermocline is ...

Rolf G. Lueck

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Warm-to-Cold Water Conversion in the Northern North Atlantic Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A box Model of warm-to-cold-water conversion in the northern North Atlantic is developed and used to estimate conversion rates, given water mass temperatures, conversion paths and rate of air-sea heat exchange. The northern North Atlantic is ...

M. S. McCartney; L. D. Talley

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Oceanic Trace Gases Numeric Data Packages from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

CDIAC products include numeric data packages, publications, trend data, atlases, models, etc. and can be searched for by subject area, keywords, authors, product numbers, time periods, collection sites, spatial references, etc. Most data sets or packages, many with numerous data files, are free to download from CDIAC's ftp area. CDIAC lists the following numeric data packages under the broad heading of Oceanic Trace Gases: Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained during the R/V Ronald H. Brown Repeat Hydrography Cruise in the Atlantic Ocean: CLIVAR CO2 Section A16S_2005 ( 01/11/05 - 022405) • Determination of Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Parameters during the R/V Nathaniel B. Palmer Cruise in the Southern Indian Ocean (WOCE Section S04I, 050396 - 070496) • Inorganic Carbon, Nutrient, and Oxygen Data from the R/V Ronald H. Brown Repeat Hydrography Cruise in the Atlantic Ocean: CLIVAR CO2 Section A16N_2003a (060403 – 081103) • Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained During the R/V Maurice Ewing Cruise in the Atlantic Ocean (WOCE Section A17, 010494 - 032194) • Global Ocean Data Analysis Project GLODAP: Results and Data • Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained During the R/V Knorr Cruises in the North Atlantic Ocean on WOCE Sections AR24 (1102 – 120596) and A24, A20, and A22 (053097 – 090397) • Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic and Chemical Data Obtained During the Nine R/V Knorr Cruises Comprising the Indian Ocean CO2 Survey (WOCE Sections I8SI9S, I9N, I8NI5E, I3, I5WI4, I7N, I1, I10, and I2; 120 194 – 012296) • Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained During the R/V Meteor Cruise 28/1 in the South Atlantic Ocean (WOCE Section A8, 032994 - 051294) • Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained During the R/V Knorr Cruise 138-3, -4, and -5 in the South Pacific Ocean (WOCE Sections P6E, P6C, and P6W, 050292 - 073092) • Global Distribution of Total Inorganic Carbon and Total Alkalinity below the deepest winter mixed layer depths • Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained During the R/V John V. Vickers Cruise in the Pacific Ocean (WOCE Section P13, NOAA CGC92 Cruise, 080492 – 102192) • Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained During the R/V Hesperides Cruise in the Atlantic Ocean (WOCE Section A5, 071492 - 081592) • Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained During the R/V Thomas G. Thompson Cruise in the Pacific Ocean (WOCE Section P10, 100593 – 111093) • The International Intercomparison Exercise of Underway fCO2 Systems during the R/V Meteor Cruise 36/1 in the North Atlantic Ocean • Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained during the R/V Meteor Cruise 22/5 in the South Atlantic Ocean (WOCE Section A10, Dec. 1992-Jan, 1993) • Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained in the South Pacific Ocean (WOCE Sections P16A/P17A, P17E/P19S, and P19C, R/V Knorr , Oct. 1992-April 1993) • Surface Water and Atmospheric Underway Carbon Data Obtained During the World Ocean Circulation Experiment Indian Ocean Survey Cruises (R/V Knorr, Dec. 1994 – Jan, 1996) • Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained During the R/V Akademik Ioffe Cruise in the South Pacific Ocean (WOCE Section S4P, Feb.-April 1992) • Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained During the R/V Thomas Washington Cruise TUNES-1 in the Equatorial Pacific Ocean (WOCE section P17C) • Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained During the R/V Thomas Washington Cruise TUNES-3 in the Equatorial Pacific Ocean (WOCE section P16C) • Carbon-14 Measurements in Surface Water CO2 from the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans, 1965-1994 • Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained During R/V Meteor Cruise 18/1 in the North Atlantic Ocean (WOCE Section A1E) • Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained in the Central South Pacific Ocean (WOCE Sections P17S and P16S) during the TUNES-2 Expedition of the R

377

Pacific Ethanol, Inc | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pacific Ethanol, Inc Pacific Ethanol, Inc Pacific Ethanol, Inc More Documents & Publications Pacific Ethanol, Inc Pacific Ethanol, Inc Pacific Ethanol, Inc...

378

436 JOURNAL OF CLIMATE VOLUME 20 Climate Response to External Sources of Freshwater: North Atlantic versus the Southern Ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The response of an atmosphere–ocean general circulation model (AOGCM) to perturbations of freshwater fluxes across the sea surface in the North Atlantic and Southern Ocean is investigated. The purpose of this study is to investigate aspects of the so-called bipolar seesaw where one hemisphere warms and the other cools and vice versa due to changes in the ocean meridional overturning. The experimental design is idealized where 1 Sv (1 Sv ? 10 6 m 3 s ?1) of freshwater is added to the ocean surface for 100 model years and then removed. In one case, the freshwater perturbation is located in the Atlantic Ocean from 50 ° to 70°N. In the second case, it is located south of 60°S in the Southern Ocean. In the case where the North Atlantic surface waters are freshened, the Atlantic thermohaline circulation (THC) and associated northward oceanic heat transport weaken. In the Antarctic surface freshening case, the Atlantic THC is mainly unchanged with a slight weakening toward the end of the integration. This weakening is associated with the spreading of the fresh sea surface anomaly from the Southern Ocean into the rest of the World Ocean. There are two mechanisms that may be responsible for such weakening of the Atlantic THC. First is that the sea surface salinity (SSS) contrast between the North Atlantic and North Pacific is reduced. And, second, when freshwater from the Southern Ocean reaches the high latitudes of the

Ronald J. Stouffer; Dan Seidov; Bernd; J. Haupt

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

The hydrological cycle tirelessly distributes water between land, ocean, atmosphere and cryosphere. Stefan Hagemann and his colleagues at the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

irrigation, permafrost and climate. The Perpetual Pump TEXT UTE KEHSE Photo:Okapia #12;Always on the move sooner or later. W ater molecules are al- ways on the move. They migrate from the ocean into the atmo of those parts of the water cycle that take place on land ­ and to investigate how they feed back

380

Low-Frequency Variability in Shallow-Water Models of the Wind-Driven Ocean Circulation. Part II: Time-Dependent Solutions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The time-dependent wind-driven ocean circulation is investigated for both a rectangular and a North Atlantic–shaped basin. Multiple steady states in a 2½-layer shallow-water model and their dependence on various parameters and other model ...

Eric Simonnet; Michael Ghil; Kayo Ide; Roger Temam; Shouhong Wang

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Establishment of Deep Ocean Circulation Driven by Deep-Water Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A linear, two-layer baroclinic model of deep circulation driven by deep water production is formulated. In distinction to the Stommel-Arons model where a uniform middepth upwelling is prescribed, the present model determines upwelling internally ...

Mitsuhiro Kawase

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Surface Ocean Fluxes and Water-Mass Transformation Rates in the Coupled NCAR Climate System Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The global distributions of the air–sea fluxes of heat and freshwater and water mass transformation rates from a control integration of the coupled National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Climate System Model (CSM) are compared with ...

Scott C. Doney; William G. Large; Frank O. Bryan

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Decadal Changes in Water Mass Characteristics at 24°N in the Subtropical North Atlantic Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Three transatlantic hydrographic sections across 24°N through the center of the subtropical gyre are analyzed for evidence of decadal changes in water mass characteristics. In the main thermocline, there has been a steady increase in salinity ...

Harry L. Bryden; Michael J. Griffiths; Alicia M. Lavin; Robert C. Millard; Gregorio Parrilla; William M. Smethie

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Impact of Kalpana-1-Derived Water Vapor Winds on Indian Ocean Tropical Cyclone Forecasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The water vapor winds from the operational geostationary Indian National Satellite (INSAT) Kalpana-1 have recently become operational at the Space Applications Centre (SAC). A series of experimental forecasts are attempted here to evaluate the ...

S. K. Deb; C. M. Kishtawal; P. K. Pal

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Modeling the Physical and Biochemical Influence of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Plant Discharges into their Adjacent Waters  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper describes the modeling work by Makai Ocean Engineering, Inc. to simulate the biochemical effects of of the nutrient-enhanced seawater plumes that are discharged by one or several 100 megawatt OTEC plants. The modeling is needed to properly design OTEC plants that can operate sustainably with acceptably low biological impact. In order to quantify the effect of discharge configuration and phytoplankton response, Makai Ocean Engineering implemented a biological and physical model for the waters surrounding O`ahu, Hawai`i, using the EPA-approved Environmental Fluid Dynamics Code (EFDC). Each EFDC grid cell was approximately 1 square kilometer by 20 meters deep, and used a time step of three hours. The biological model was set up to simulate the biochemical response for three classes of organisms: Picoplankton (< 2 um) such as prochlorococccus, nanoplankton (2-20 um), and microplankton (> 20 um) e.g., diatoms. The dynamic biological phytoplankton model was calibrated using chemical and biological data collected for the Hawaii Ocean Time Series (HOTS) project. Peer review of the biological modeling was performed. The physical oceanography model uses boundary conditions from a surrounding Hawai'i Regional Ocean Model, (ROM) operated by the University of Hawai`i and the National Atmospheric and Oceanic Administration. The ROM provided tides, basin scale circulation, mesoscale variability, and atmospheric forcing into the edges of the EFDC computational domain. This model is the most accurate and sophisticated Hawai'ian Regional Ocean Model presently available, assimilating real-time oceanographic observations, as well as model calibration based upon temperature, current and salinity data collected during 2010 near the simulated OTEC site. The ROM program manager peer-reviewed Makai's implementation of the ROM output into our EFDC model. The supporting oceanographic data was collected for a Naval Facilities Engineering Command / Makai project. Results: The model was run for a 100 MW OTEC Plant consisting of four separate ducts, discharging a total combined flow rate of 420 m3/s of warm water and 320 m3/s of cold water in a mixed discharge at 70 meters deep. Each duct was assumed to have a discharge port diameter of 10.5m producing a downward discharge velocity of about 2.18 m/s. The natural system, as measured in the HOTS program, has an average concentration of 10-15 mgC/m3. To calibrate the biological model, we first ran the model with no OTEC plant and varied biological parameters until the simulated data was a good match to the HOTS observations. This modeling showed that phytoplankton concentration were patchy and highly dynamic. The patchiness was a good match with the data variability observed within the HOTS data sets. We then ran the model with simulated OTEC intake and discharge flows and associated nutrients. Directly under the OTEC plant, the near-field plume has an average terminal depth of 172 meters, with a volumetric dilution of 13:1. The average terminal plume temperature was 19.8oC. Nitrate concentrations are 1 to 2 umol/kg above ambient. The advecting plume then further dilutes to less than 1 umol/kg above ambient within a few kilometers downstream, while remaining at depth. Because this terminal near-field plume is well below the 1% light limited depths (~120m), no immediate biological utilization of the nutrients occurs. As the nitrate is advected and dispersed downstream, a fraction of the deep ocean nutrients (< 0.5 umol/kg perturbation) mix upward where they are utilized by the ambient phytoplankton population. This occurs approximately twenty-five kilometers downstream from the plant at 110 - 70 meters depth. For pico-phytoplankton, modeling results indicate that this nutrient perturbation causes a phytoplankton perturbation of approximately 1 mgC/m3 (~10% of average ambient concentrations) that covers an area 10x5 km in size at the 70 to 90m depth. Thus, the perturbations are well within the natural variability of the system, generally corresponding to a 10 to 15% increase above the a

PAT GRANDELLI, P.E.; GREG ROCHELEAU; JOHN HAMRICK, Ph.D.; MATT CHURCH, Ph.D.; BRIAN POWELL, Ph.D.

2012-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

386

Modeling the Physical and Biochemical Influence of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Plant Discharges into their Adjacent Waters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the modeling work by Makai Ocean Engineering, Inc. to simulate the biochemical effects of of the nutrient-enhanced seawater plumes that are discharged by one or several 100 megawatt OTEC plants. The modeling is needed to properly design OTEC plants that can operate sustainably with acceptably low biological impact. In order to quantify the effect of discharge configuration and phytoplankton response, Makai Ocean Engineering implemented a biological and physical model for the waters surrounding O`ahu, Hawai`i, using the EPA-approved Environmental Fluid Dynamics Code (EFDC). Each EFDC grid cell was approximately 1 square kilometer by 20 meters deep, and used a time step of three hours. The biological model was set up to simulate the biochemical response for three classes of organisms: Picoplankton ( 20 um) e.g., diatoms. The dynamic biological phytoplankton model was calibrated using chemical and biological data collected for the Hawaii Ocean Time Series (HOTS) project. Peer review of the biological modeling was performed. The physical oceanography model uses boundary conditions from a surrounding Hawai'i Regional Ocean Model, (ROM) operated by the University of Hawai`i and the National Atmospheric and Oceanic Administration. The ROM provided tides, basin scale circulation, mesoscale variability, and atmospheric forcing into the edges of the EFDC computational domain. This model is the most accurate and sophisticated Hawai'ian Regional Ocean Model presently available, assimilating real-time oceanographic observations, as well as model calibration based upon temperature, current and salinity data collected during 2010 near the simulated OTEC site. The ROM program manager peer-reviewed Makai's implementation of the ROM output into our EFDC model. The supporting oceanographic data was collected for a Naval Facilities Engineering Command / Makai project. Results: The model was run for a 100 MW OTEC Plant consisting of four separate ducts, discharging a total combined flow rate of 420 m3/s of warm water and 320 m3/s of cold water in a mixed discharge at 70 meters deep. Each duct was assumed to have a discharge port diameter of 10.5m producing a downward discharge velocity of about 2.18 m/s. The natural system, as measured in the HOTS program, has an average concentration of 10-15 mgC/m3. To calibrate the biological model, we first ran the model with no OTEC plant and varied biological parameters until the simulated data was a good match to the HOTS observations. This modeling showed that phytoplankton concentration were patchy and highly dynamic. The patchiness was a good match with the data variability observed within the HOTS data sets. We then ran the model with simulated OTEC intake and discharge flows and associated nutrients. Directly under the OTEC plant, the near-field plume has an average terminal depth of 172 meters, with a volumetric dilution of 13:1. The average terminal plume temperature was 19.8oC. Nitrate concentrations are 1 to 2 umol/kg above ambient. The advecting plume then further dilutes to less than 1 umol/kg above ambient within a few kilometers downstream, while remaining at depth. Because this terminal near-field plume is well below the 1% light limited depths (~120m), no immediate biological utilization of the nutrients occurs. As the nitrate is advected and dispersed downstream, a fraction of the deep ocean nutrients (< 0.5 umol/kg perturbation) mix upward where they are utilized by the ambient phytoplankton population. This occurs approximately twenty-five kilometers downstream from the plant at 110 - 70 meters depth. For pico-phytoplankton, modeling results indicate that this nutrient perturbation causes a phytoplankton perturbation of approximately 1 mgC/m3 (~10% of average ambient concentrations) that covers an area 10x5 km in size at the 70 to 90m depth. Thus, the perturbations are well within the natural variability of the system, generally corresponding to a 10 to 15% increase above the a

PAT GRANDELLI, P.E.; GREG ROCHELEAU; JOHN HAMRICK, Ph.D.; MATT CHURCH, Ph.D.; BRIAN POWELL, Ph.D.

2012-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

387

Response of the Eastern Tropical Pacific to Meridional Migration of the ITCZ: The Generation of the Costa Rica Dome  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A regional ocean circulation model with fine horizontal resolution has been developed in order to obtain a coherent seasonal picture of the eastern tropical Pacific off Central America.

S. Umatani; T. Yamagata

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Subtropical Cyclogenesis over the Central North Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The occurrence of subtropical cyclones over the central North Pacific Ocean has a significant impact on Hawaii’s weather and climate. In this study, 70 upper-level lows that formed during the period 1980–2002 are documented. In each case the low ...

Steven J. Caruso; Steven Businger

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Anatomy of North Pacific Decadal Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A systematic analysis of North Pacific decadal variability in a full-physics coupled ocean–atmosphere model is executed. The model is an updated and improved version of the coupled model studied by Latif and Barnett. Evidence is sought for ...

Niklas Schneider; Arthur J. Miller; David W. Pierce

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

On the Dependence of Hindcast Skill on Ocean Thermodynamics in a Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Three different mechanisms for the generation of ENSO SST anomalies within a simplified tropical Pacific Ocean model are examined: thermocline depth changes, Ekman-induced upwelling anomalies, and zonal advection changes. The effect of varying ...

Richard Kleeman

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Regional Systems Development for Geothermal Energy Resources Pacific Region (California and Hawaii). Task 3: water resources evaluation. Topical report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The fundamental objective of the water resources analysis was to assess the availability of surface and ground water for potential use as power plant make-up water in the major geothermal areas of California. The analysis was concentrated on identifying the major sources of surface and ground water, potential limitations on the usage of this water, and the resulting constraints on potentially developable electrical power in each geothermal resource area. Analyses were completed for 11 major geothermal areas in California: four in the Imperial Valley, Coso, Mono-Long Valley, Geysers-Calistoga, Surprise Valley, Glass Mountain, Wendel Amedee, and Lassen. One area in Hawaii, the Puna district, was also included in the analysis. The water requirements for representative types of energy conversion processes were developed using a case study approach. Cooling water requirements for each type of energy conversion process were estimated based upon a specific existing or proposed type of geothermal power plant. The make-up water requirements for each type of conversion process at each resource location were then estimated as a basis for analyzing any constraints on the megawatts which potentially could be developed.

Sakaguchi, J.L.

1979-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

392

Electrically Active Convection in Tropical Easterly Waves and Implications for Tropical Cyclogenesis in the Atlantic and East Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, the authors investigated the characteristics of tropical easterly wave convection and the possible implications of convective structure on tropical cyclogenesis and intensification over the Atlantic Ocean and the east Pacific Ocean. ...

Kenneth D. Leppert II; Walter A. Petersen; Daniel J. Cecil

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Transequatorial Flow of Antarctic Bottom Water in the Western Atlantic Ocean: Abyssal Geostrophy at the Equator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In its general northward flow along the western trough of the Atlantic, Antarctic Bottom Water (AABW) must pass over several sills separating the various abyssal basins. At the equator, the western trough is deformed by major east-west offsets of ...

M. S. McCartney; R. A. Curry

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Immunotoxicology of Pacific herring: Determination of reference ranges and their application to assessing exposure to the water-soluble fraction of crude oil.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Declines in Pacific herring returning to spawn in Prince William Sound four years after the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill, and isolation of pathogens, raised… (more)

Sanders, Susan Mary

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Regional systems development for geothermal energy resources: Pacific Region (California and Hawaii). Task 3: water resources evaluation, topical report appendices  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The appendices for the water resources evaluation report are included for the Imperial Valley KGRA's, Coso, Mono-Long Valley, Geysers Calistoga, Surprise Valley, Wendell Amedee, Glass Mountain, Lassen, Puna, and for power plant case studies. (MHR)

Not Available

1979-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

396

The Competition of Freshwater and Radiation in Forcing the Ocean during El Niño  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relative roles of heat and freshwater fluxes in forcing the tropical Pacific on interannual timescales are investigated using sophisticated atmospheric and oceanic general circulation models.

Niklas Schneider; Tim P. Barnett

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Past East Pacific Storm Tracks | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Past East Pacific Storm Tracks Past East Pacific Storm Tracks Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture » Data Past East Pacific Storm Tracks Dataset Summary Description The National Weather Service (NWS) maintains historical Eastern Pacific Ocean hurricane weather data in a format that can be exploited by Graphic Information System (GIS) software. Using KML/KMZ formats, it takes the numbers and words from the rows and columns in databases and spreadsheets and puts them on a map. This data file contains information about named and unnamed Eastern Pacific Ocean tropical storms and hurricanes from 1949 to 2006. Once downloaded, the file can be decompiled by decade and by year in a a KML/KMZ GIS viewer.

398

Energy and water development appropriations for 1988. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, First Session, Part 2  

SciTech Connect

Part 2 of the hearing record covers testimony relating to appropriations for the Corps of Engineers, with separate sections on the North Pacific, North Central, North Atlantic, South Atlantic, New England, and Pacific Ocean divisions of the Corps and the Commissions for each of the Potomac, Delaware, and Susquehanna river basins. A list of witnesses appears at the beginning of each section. Descriptions of the various energy and water development programs and future plans, along with funding requirements, make up the testimony.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

The dynamic response of oceanic hydrate deposits to ocean temperature change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

during transit through the ocean water column Geophys. Res.hydrate in the world's oceans. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 8,of methane hydrate in ocean sediment. Energy and Fuels, 19,

Reagan, Matthew T.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Ocean thermal energy conversion cold water pipe preliminary design project. Appendices to final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

NOAA/DOE has selected three concepts for a baseline design of the cold water pipe (CWP) for OTEC plants: (1) a FRP CWP of sandwich wall construction suspended from the Applied Physical Laboratory/John Hopkins University (APL/JHU) barge at a site 200 miles east of the coast of Brazil using a horizontal deployment scheme; (2) an elastomer CWP suspended from the APL/JHU barge off the southeast coast of Puerto Rico using either a horizontal or vertical deployment scheme; and (3) a polyethylene CWP (single or multiple pipe) suspended from the Gibbs and Cox spar at the Puerto Rico site using a horizontal deployment scheme. TRW has developed a baseline design for each of these configurations. This volume of the report includes the following appendices: (A) fiberglass reinforced plastic cold water pipe (specification and drawingss); (B) specification for polyethylene CWP; (C) elastomer pipe drawings; (D) drawings for OTEC 10/40 hull/CWP transitions; (E) structural design of OTEC 10/40 CWP support and CWP transitions; (F) universal transition joint for CWP; (G) dynamic spherical seal of CWP; (H) at-sea deployment loads - surface towing loads; (I) OTEC 10/40 CWP deployment up-ending loads; (J) cost estimates for OTEC 10/40 hull/CWP transitions; and (K) OTEC 10/40 CWP deployment scenario and cost estimate. (WHK)

Not Available

1979-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Effects of internal waves on low frequency, long range, acoustic propagation in the deep ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis covers a comprehensive analysis of long-range, deep-ocean, low-frequency, sound propagation experimental results obtained from the North Pacific Ocean. The statistics of acoustic fields after propagation through ...

Xu, Jinshan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Oceanic Rossby Wave Dynamics and the ENSO Period in a Coupled Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tropical ocean wave dynamics associated with the El Niño–Southern Oscillation cycle in a coupled model are examined. The ocean–atmosphere model consists of statistical atmosphere coupled to a simple reduced gravity model of the tropical Pacific ...

Ben P. Kirtman

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Inverse Analysis Adjustment of the SOC Air–Sea Flux Climatology Using Ocean Heat Transport Constraints  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results are presented from a linear inverse analysis of the Southampton Oceanography Centre (SOC) air–sea flux climatology using 10 hydrographic ocean heat transport constraints distributed throughout the Atlantic and North Pacific Oceans. A ...

Jeremy P. Grist; Simon A. Josey

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Prevention of a nuclear excursion upon water flooding of an ocean based Tory II-C  

SciTech Connect

As TORY II-C is presently designed, a nuclear excursion would occur if the core were flooded with water. This is true even if all of the existing control rods were fully inserted. Indeed ANGIE calculations indicate that the reactor would be about 30% super-critical in such a case. There are several methods by which the core may be forced sub- critical under these extreme conditions. We will here consider only the method of introducing, directly into the core, a material which strongly absorbs neutrons. It must be possible to remove this excess `poison` prior to, or during the boost phase. Since the computer codes can be trusted to only approximately 3%, we will, for safety, insist on 40% negative reactivity to be introduced by the excess poison.

Stubbs, T.

1962-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

405

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Cold Water Pipe Preliminary Design Project. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

NOAA/DOE has selected three concepts for a baseline design of the cold water pipe (CWP) for OTEC plants: (1) a FRP CWP of sandwich wall construction suspended from the Applied Physical Laboratory/John Hopkins University (APL/JHU) barge at a site 200 miles east of the coast of Brazil using a horizontal deployment scheme; (2) an elastomer CWP suspended from the APL/JHU barge off the south-east coast of Puerto Rico using either a horizontal or vertical deployment scheme; and (3) a polyethylene CWP (single or multiple pipe) suspended from the Gibbs and Cox spar at the Puerto Rico site using a horizontal deployment scheme. TRW has developed a baseline design for each of these configurations. Detailed designs and analyses for the FRP, polyethylene, and elastomer concepts, respectively, are described. Each section includes a discussion of fabrication plans and processes, schedules for mobilization of facilities and equipment, installation plans, and cost breakdown. (WHK)

Not Available

1979-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

406

Modulation of ENSO-Based Long-Lead Outlooks of Southwestern U.S. Winter Precipitation by the Pacific Decadal Oscillation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Seasonal predictability of winter precipitation anomalies across the U.S. Southwest derived from knowledge of antecedent, late-summer Pacific Ocean surface temperatures is examined empirically. Previous studies have shown that equatorial Pacific ...

David S. Gutzler; Deirdre M. Kann; Casey Thornbrugh

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Ocean thermal energy conversion cold water pipe preliminary design project. Task 2. Analysis for concept selection  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The successful performance of the CWP is of crucial importance to the overall OTEC system; the pipe itself is considered the most critical part of the entire operation. Because of the importance the CWP, a project for the analysis and design of CWP's was begun in the fall of 1978. The goals of this project were to study a variety of concepts for delivering cold water to an OTEC plant, to analyze and rank these concepts based on their relative cost and risk, and to develop preliminary design for those concepts which seemed most promising. Two representative platforms and sites were chosen: a spar buoy of a Gibbs and Cox design to be moored at a site off Punta Tuna, Puerto Rico, and a barge designed by APL/Johns Hopkins University, grazing about a site approximately 200 miles east of the coast of Brazil. The approach was to concentrate on the most promising concepts and on those which were either of general interest or espoused by others (e.g., steel and concrete concepts). Much of the overall attention, therefore, focused on analyzing rigid and compliant wall design, while stockade (except for the special case of the FRP stockade) and bottom-mounted concepts received less attention. A total of 67 CWP concepts were initially generated and subjected to a screening process. Of these, 16 were carried through design analysis, costing, and ranking. Study results are presented in detail. (WHK)

None

1979-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Ocean–Atmosphere Interactions in the Tropical and Subtropical Atlantic Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A 110-yr simulation is conducted using a specially designed coupled ocean–atmosphere general circulation model that only allows air–sea interaction over the Atlantic Ocean within 30°S–60°N. Since the influence from the Pacific El Niño–Southern ...

Bohua Huang; J. Shukla

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Decadal Variability in the North Pacific: The Eastern North Pacific Mode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Decadal variability in the North Pacific is studied in a series of coupled global ocean–atmosphere simulations using coupled modeling surgery—a set of modeling approaches that can be used to identify the origins and causes of a specific ...

Lixin Wu; Zhengyu Liu

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Hot Water Electric Energy Use in Single-Family Residences in the Pacific Northwest : Regional End-Use Metering Project (REMP).  

SciTech Connect

The Office of Energy Resources of the Bonneville Power Administration carriers out generation and conservation resource planning. The analysis of historical trends in and determinants of energy consumption is carried out by the office's End-Use Research Section. The End-Use Research Section operates a comprehensive data collection program to provide pertinent information to support demand-side conservation planning, load forecasting, and conservation program development and delivery. Part of this on-going program, commonly known as the End-Use Load and Consumer Assessment Program (ELCAP), was recently renamed the Regional End-Use Metering Project (REMP) to reflect an emphasis on metering rather than analytical activities. REMP is designed to collect electricity usage data through direct monitoring of end-use loads in buildings in the residential and commercial sectors and is conducted for Bonneville by Pacific Northwest Laboratories (Battelle). The detailed summary information in this report is on energy used for water heaters in the residential sector and is based on data collected from September 1985 through December 1990 for 336 of the 499 REMP metered homes. Specific information is provided on annual loads averaged over the years and their variation across residences. Descriptions are given of use as associated with demographic and energy-related characteristics. Summaries are also provided for electricity use by each year, month, and daytype, as well as at peak hot water load and peak system times. This is the second residential report. This report focuses on a specific end use and adds detail to the first report. Subsequent reports are planned on other individual end uses or sets of end uses. 15 refs., 29 figs., 10 tabs.

Taylor, Megan E., Ritland, Keith G., Pratt, R.G.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Water Mass Distribution and Ventilation Time Scales in a Cost-Efficient, Three-Dimensional Ocean Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A cost-efficient, seasonally forced three-dimensional frictional geostrophic balance ocean model (Bern3D) has been developed that features isopycnal diffusion and Gent–McWilliams transport parameterization, 32 depth layers, and an implicit ...

S. A. Müller; F. Joos; N. R. Edwards; T. F. Stocker

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Ocean Heat Transport and Water Vapor Greenhouse in a Warm Equable Climate: A New Look at the Low Gradient Paradox  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors study the role of ocean heat transport (OHT) in the maintenance of a warm, equable, ice-free climate. An ensemble of idealized aquaplanet GCM calculations is used to assess the equilibrium sensitivity of global mean surface temperature ...

Brian E. J. Rose; David Ferreira

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Ocean Heat Transport and Water Vapor Greenhouse in a Warm Equable Climate: A New Look at the Low Gradient Paradox  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The authors study the role of ocean heat transport (OHT) in the maintenance of a warm, equable, ice-free climate. An ensemble of idealized aquaplanet GCM calculations is used to assess the equilibrium sensitivity of global ...

Rose, Brian E. J.

414

Oceans cover almost three-quarters of the Earth's surface, and hold over nine-tenths of the planet's water.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, wave and tidal power). G Sustainable fishery management requires joined-up, interdisciplinary science to predict tides and storm surges accurately G how the oceans' biological productivity depends on tiny plants

Brierley, Andrew

415

Ocean Response to Wind Variations, Warm Water Volume, and Simple Models of ENSO in the Low-Frequency Approximation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Physical processes that control ENSO are relatively fast. For instance, it takes only several months for a Kelvin wave to cross the Pacific basin (Tk ? 2 months), while Rossby waves travel the same distance in about half a year. Compared to such ...

Alexey V. Fedorov

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

The cycling of sulfur in surface seawater of the northeast Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors report on measurements made on the distribution of sulfur between different compounds in surface waters in the northwest Pacific Ocean. Measurements looked at distributions of organic sulfur, low molecular weight organic sulfur, dimethyl sulfide (DMS), dimethylsulfoniopropionate, etc. The objective was to study not just the densities, but the exchanges between these compounds, and sinks, including to the atmosphere. In particular the authors want to study the source to the atmosphere of DMS from the oceans. In the region studied, which had low plankton concentration, but high nutrient concentrations, loss of DMS to the atmosphere was very minor, and indicated that under different climatic conditions, there was potential for much larger sea/air exchange.

Bates, T.S. [NOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental Lab., Seattle, WA (United States)] [NOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental Lab., Seattle, WA (United States); [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Chavez, F.P.; Buck, K.R. [Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, Pacific Grove, CA (United States)] [and others] [Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, Pacific Grove, CA (United States); and others

1994-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

417

Rational reference levels for Pacific Coast radioactive pollution studies supplied by samples from northern Baja California  

SciTech Connect

Background levels of radioactivity in the marine environment along the Pacific Coast are at present extremely low. However, these certainly will rise along with the growth of coastal populations and with the increased use of nuclear energy. It would be desirable to anticipate where and how fast concentrations of artificial radioactivities may reach unacceptable levels in coastal water. Successful prediction of this sort requires knowing how the ocean responds, in given regions, to specific inputs. Fortunately, some of the fate of a large class of radioactive pollutants that must be faced in the future may be inferred from careful studies during the past 20 years of the behavior of certain constituents of nuclear fallout that have entered the ocean along the coasts of California and Baja California. (CH)

Folsom, T.R.

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Ocean Tides from TOPEX/Poseidon Sea Level Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tidal constants are computed from TOPEX/Poseidon sea level data in the northeast Pacific Ocean for the period of September 1992–December 1997. The method used is harmonic analysis. Tidal constituents are also calculated at track crossover ...

J. Y. Cherniawsky; M. G. G. Foreman; W. R. Crawford; R. F. Henry

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Regular Monthly Mean Temperatures of Earth's Oceans from Satellites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Comparisons of satellite-derived monthly mean sea surface temperature anomalies with National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) ship-derived monthly mean sea surface temperature anomalies over the North Pacific Ocean reveal some encouraging ...

A. E. Strong; J. A. Pritchard

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Initial Conditions for a General Circulation Model of Tropical Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A general circulation model of the tropical Pacific Ocean, which realistically simulates El Niño of 1982–83, has been used to determine how different initial conditions affect the model. Given arbitrary initial conditions (not in equilibrium with ...

S. G. H. Philander; W. J. Hurlin; R. C. Pacanowski

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Data-Based Meridional Overturning Streamfunctions for the Global Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The meridional overturning circulation for the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans is computed from absolute geostrophic velocity estimates based on hydrographic data and from climatological Ekman transports. The Atlantic overturn includes the ...

Lynne D. Talley; Joseph L. Reid; Paul E. Robbins

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

The Atmospheric Bridge: The Influence of ENSO Teleconnections on Air–Sea Interaction over the Global Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events, the atmospheric response to sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies in the equatorial Pacific influences ocean conditions over the remainder of the globe. This connection between ocean basins via ...

Michael A. Alexander; Ileana Bladé; Matthew Newman; John R. Lanzante; Ngar-Cheung Lau; James D. Scott

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Variations in the Flow of the Global Atmosphere Associated with a Composite Convectively Coupled Oceanic Kelvin Wave  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kelvin waves in the Pacific Ocean occasionally develop and propagate eastward together with anomalies of deep convection and low-level westerly wind. This pattern suggests coupling between the oceanic waves and atmospheric convection. A simple ...

Paul E. Roundy; Lynn M. Gribble-Verhagen

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

A Systemic Analysis of Multiscale Deep Convective Variability over the Tropical Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The multiscale tropical deep convective variability over the Pacific Ocean is examined with the 4-month high-resolution deep convection index (ITBB) derived from satellite imagery. With a systemic view, the complex phenomenon is described with ...

Wen-wen Tung; Mitchell W. Moncrieff; Jian-Bo Gao

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Decadal Climate Variability in the North Pacific during the Recent Decades  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Decadal wintertime variability in the North Pacific climate system observed over the last few decades is documented. The decadal sea surface temperature (SST) variability is found to be concentrated around two major oceanic fronts. The ...

H. Nakamura; G. Lin; T. Yamagata

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Decadal Climate Variability over the North Pacific and North America: Dynamics and Predictability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dynamics and predictability of decadal climate variability over the North Pacific and North America are investigated by analyzing various observational datasets and the output of a state of the art coupled ocean–atmosphere general circulation ...

M. Latif; T. P. Barnett

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Impacts of Sea Surface Temperature Uncertainty on the Western North Pacific Subtropical High (WNPSH) and Rainfall  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines the sensitivity of short-term forecasts of the western North Pacific subtropical high (WNPSH) and rainfall to sea surface temperature (SST) uncertainty using the Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System (COAMPS). A ...

Xiaodong Hong; Craig H. Bishop; Teddy Holt; Larry O’Neill

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

The Planetary- and Synoptic-Scale Interactions in a Southeast Pacific Blocking Episode Using PV Diagnostics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The synoptic- and planetary-scale forcing in two blocking anticyclones occurring over the southeast Pacific Ocean was examined using potential vorticity diagnostics. While many studies have examined the dynamic and thermodynamic forcing ...

John P. Burkhardt; Anthony R. Lupo

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Extratropical Transition of Southwest Pacific Tropical Cyclones. Part I: Climatology and Mean Structure Changes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A database of tropical cyclone best track and intensity information for the southwest Pacific Ocean basin is used to construct a 28-year climatology for tropical cyclones that move into middle latitudes. Of the nine or so tropical cyclones that ...

Mark R. Sinclair

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Empirical Orthogonal Function Analysis of Wind Vectors over the Tropical Pacific Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The method of empirical orthogonal function analysis is applied to wind stress vectors over the tropical Pacific Ocean from 1961 through 1978. It is determined that this vector analysis enables a more thorough analysis of wind components than do ...

David M. Legler

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Volcanic and Solar Forcing of the Tropical Pacific over the Past 1000 Years  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The response of El Niño to natural radiative forcing changes over the past 1000 yr is investigated based on numerical experiments employing the Zebiak–Cane model of the tropical Pacific coupled ocean–atmosphere system. Previously published ...

Michael E. Mann; Mark A. Cane; Stephen E. Zebiak; Amy Clement

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Spatially Inhomogeneous Trends of Tropical Cyclone Intensity over the Western North Pacific for 1977–2010  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The spatial distribution of trends in tropical cyclone (TC) intensity over the western North Pacific Ocean (WNP) during the period 1977–2010 was examined using five TC datasets. The spatial distribution of the TC intensity was expressed by ...

Doo-Sun R. Park; Chang-Hoi Ho; Joo-Hong Kim; Hyeong-Seog Kim

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Lightning Flash Rates as an Indicator of Tropical Cyclone Genesis in the Eastern North Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lightning flashes in convective tropical clusters of the eastern North Pacific Ocean are detected by the Long-Range Lightning Detection Network and are analyzed for temporal patterns in electrical activity. The rates of lightning flash discharge ...

Lesley A. Leary; Elizabeth A. Ritchie

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

A Pressure-Based Analysis of the Historical Western North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Intensity Record  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The western North Pacific Ocean is the most active tropical cyclone (TC) basin. However, recent studies are not conclusive on whether the TC activity is increasing or decreasing, at least when calculations are based on maximum sustained winds. For ...

Kenneth R. Knapp; John A. Knaff; Charles R. Sampson; Gustavo M. Riggio; Adam D. Schnapp

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Convection and Easterly Wave Structures Observed in the Eastern Pacific Warm Pool during EPIC-2001  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During September–October 2001, the East Pacific Investigation of Climate Processes in the Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere System (EPIC-2001) intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) field campaign focused on studies of deep convection in the warm-pool ...

Walter A. Petersen; Robert Cifelli; Dennis J. Boccippio; Steven A. Rutledge; Chris Fairall

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Interannual Biases Induced by Freshwater Flux and Coupled Feedback in the Tropical Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Freshwater flux (FWF) forcing–induced feedback has not been represented adequately in many coupled ocean–atmosphere models of the tropical Pacific. Previously, various approximations have been made in representing the FWF forcing in climate ...

Rong-Hua Zhang; Guihua Wang; Dake Chen; A. J. Busalacchi; E. C. Hackert

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

A Climatology of Surface Cloud Radiative Effects at the ARM Tropical Western Pacific Sites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud radiative effects on surface downwelling fluxes are investigated using datasets from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program (ARM) sites in the tropical western Pacific Ocean (TWP) region. The Nauru Island (Republic of Nauru) and ...

Sally A. McFarlane; Charles N. Long; Julia Flaherty

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Relationships between Monthly Precipitation and SST Variations in the Tropical Pacific Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relationships between the patterns of monthly sea surface temperature (SST) variations and those of precipitation in the tropical Pacific Ocean region are examined. The rainfall data utilized are derived from satellite observations of ...

Bryan C. Weare

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

A pressure-based analysis of the historical western North Pacific tropical cyclone intensity record  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The western North Pacific Ocean is the most active tropical cyclone (TC) basin. However, recent studies are not conclusive on whether the TC activity is increasing or decreasing, at least when calculations are based on maximum sustained winds. For ...

Kenneth R. Knapp; John A. Knaff; Charles R. Sampson; Gustavo M. Riggio; Adam D. Schnapp

440

Equatorial Asymmetry of the East Pacific ITCZ: Observational Constraints on the Underlying Processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The equatorial asymmetry of the east Pacific intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) is explored on the basis of an ocean surface heat budget analysis carried out with a variety of satellite data products. The annual mean climatology of absorbed ...

Hirohiko Masunaga; Tristan S. L’Ecuyer

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

The Influence of Pacific SST Variability on the Precipitation over Southern Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study is an analysis of AGCM model results to understand the dynamics of the response of precipitation over southern Africa (SA) to anomalies in the sea surface temperature (SST) over the Pacific Ocean. The pattern of interannual ...

Vasubandhu Misra

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Influence of Recent Stratification Changes on ENSO Stability in a Conceptual Model of the Equatorial Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Changes in the mean circulation of the equatorial Pacific Ocean partly control the strong decadal modulation of El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO). This relationship is considered from the linear stability of a conceptual recharge/discharge model ...

Sulian Thual; Boris Dewitte; Soon-Il An; Serena Illig; Nadia Ayoub

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Simulations of the Eastern North Pacific Intraseasonal Variability in CMIP5 GCMs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As a key component of tropical atmospheric variability, intraseasonal variability (ISV) over the eastern North Pacific Ocean (ENP) exerts pronounced influences on regional weather and climate. Since general circulation models (GCMs) are essential ...

Xianan Jiang; Eric D. Maloney; Jui-Lin F. Li; Duane E. Waliser

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Intercomparison of Targeted Observation Guidance for Tropical Cyclones in the Northwestern Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study compares six different guidance products for targeted observations over the northwest Pacific Ocean for 84 cases of 2-day forecasts in 2006 and highlights the unique dynamical features affecting the tropical cyclone (TC) tracks in this ...

Chun-Chieh Wu; Jan-Huey Chen; Sharanya J. Majumdar; Melinda S. Peng; Carolyn A. Reynolds; Sim D. Aberson; Roberto Buizza; Munehiko Yamaguchi; Shin-Gan Chen; Tetsuo Nakazawa; Kun-Hsuan Chou

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Seasonal Forecasting in the Pacific Using the Coupled Model POAMA-2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of a dynamical model seasonal prediction service for island nations in the tropical South Pacific is described. The forecast model is the Australian Bureau of Meteorology's Predictive Ocean–Atmosphere Model for Australia (POAMA), a ...

Andrew Cottrill; Harry H. Hendon; Eun-Pa Lim; Sally Langford; Kay Shelton; Andrew Charles; David McClymont; David Jones; Yuriy Kuleshov

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

The Role of the “Atmospheric Bridge” in Linking Tropical Pacific ENSO Events to Extratropical SST Anomalies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The role of the atmospheric circulation as a “bridge” between sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies in the tropical Pacific and those in the midlatitude northern oceans is assessed. The key processes associated with this atmospheric bridge are ...

Ngar-Cheung Lau; Mary Jo Nath

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Generation and Propagation of 30-Day Waves in a Numerical Model of the Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A multilevel numerical model is applied to the equatorial Pacific Ocean, driven by long-term averaged, monthly varying winds. In agreement with satellite-observed sea surface temperatures, the solution is unstable at certain times of year and ...

Michael D. Cox

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

The influence of tropical Pacific SST anomaly on surface air temperature in China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influence of the tropical Pacific sea surface temperature (SST) on the wintertime surface air temperature (SAT) in China is investigated using both the observational data and the output of coupled ocean-atmosphere numerical models during the ...

XiaoJing Jia; Hai Lin; Xia Yao

449

A Shift in Western Tropical Pacific Sea Level Trends during the 1990s  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pacific Ocean sea surface height trends from satellite altimeter observations for 1993–2009 are examined in the context of longer tide gauge records and wind stress patterns. The dominant regional trends are high rates in the western tropical ...

Mark A. Merrifield

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Clouds, Radiation, and the Diurnal Cycle of Sea Surface Temperature in the Tropical Western Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relationship among clouds, surface radiation flux, and the sea surface temperature (SST) of the tropical western Pacific Ocean over the diurnal cycle is addressed in the context of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program ...

Peter J. Webster; Carol Anne Clayson; Judith A. Curry

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Eddy Energetics in the Upper Equatorial Pacific during the Hawaii-to-Tahiti Shuttle Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Eddy energetics in the central equatorial Pacific Ocean is examined using Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler velocities and CTD densities collected during the Hawaii-to-Tahiti Shuttle Experiment, in 1979–80. Three distinct sources of eddy energy ...

Douglas S. Luther; Eric S. Johnson

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Long-Lead Prediction of Pacific SSTs via Bayesian Dynamic Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tropical Pacific sea surface temperatures (SSTs) and the accompanying El Niño–Southern Oscillation phenomenon are recognized as significant components of climate behavior. The atmospheric and oceanic processes involved display highly complicated ...

L. Mark Berliner; Christopher K. Wikle; Noel Cressie

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Mesoscale Features Associated with Tropical Cyclone Formations in the Western North Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mesoscale features of 124 tropical cyclone formations in the western North Pacific Ocean during 1999–2004 are investigated through large-scale analyses, satellite infrared brightness temperature (TB), and Quick Scatterometer (QuikSCAT) ...

Cheng-Shang Lee; Kevin K. W. Cheung; Jenny S. N. Hui; Russell L. Elsberry

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Why Are There Rossby Wave Maxima in the Pacific at 10°S and 13°N?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations indicate the existence of two bands of maximum thermocline depth variability centered at 10°S and 13°N in the tropical Pacific Ocean. The analysis of a numerical integration performed with the National Center for Atmospheric ...

Antonietta Capotondi; Michael A. Alexander; Clara Deser

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Thermohaline Structure in the Subarctic North Pacific Simulated in a General Circulation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Miami Isopycnic Coordinate Ocean Model configured with 1° horizontal resolution and 23 layers is used to examine processes that maintain the mesothermal structure, a subsurface temperature inversion, in the subarctic North Pacific. The model ...

Takahiro Endoh; Humio Mitsudera; Shang-Ping Xie; Bo Qiu

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Case Studies of Tropical Cyclones and Phytoplankton Blooms over Atlantic and Pacific Regions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates phytoplankton blooms following the passage of Tropical Cyclones in the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean Basins. The variables of sea surface temperature (SST), chlorophyll (Chl-a), precipitation, and storm surface winds were ...

Ashley M. Merritt-Takeuchi; Sen Chiao

457

Flexible ocean upwelling pipe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In an ocean thermal energy conversion facility, a cold water riser pipe is releasably supported at its upper end by the hull of the floating facility. The pipe is substantially vertical and has its lower end far below the hull above the ocean floor. The pipe is defined essentially entirely of a material which has a modulus of elasticity substantially less than that of steel, e.g., high density polyethylene, so that the pipe is flexible and compliant to rather than resistant to applied bending moments. The position of the lower end of the pipe relative to the hull is stabilized by a weight suspended below the lower end of the pipe on a flexible line. The pipe, apart from the weight, is positively buoyant. If support of the upper end of the pipe is released, the pipe sinks to the ocean floor, but is not damaged as the length of the line between the pipe and the weight is sufficient to allow the buoyant pipe to come to a stop within the line length after the weight contacts the ocean floor, and thereafter to float submerged above the ocean floor while moored to the ocean floor by the weight. The upper end of the pipe, while supported by the hull, communicates to a sump in the hull in which the water level is maintained below the ambient water level. The sump volume is sufficient to keep the pipe full during heaving of the hull, thereby preventing collapse of the pipe.

Person, Abraham (Los Alamitos, CA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Formation of Low Potential Vorticity over the Deep Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Low potential vorticity extends over the deep waters of the North Pacific and, possibly, the bottom waters of the North Atlantic. Isopycnic model integrations are conducted to investigate how these potential vorticity distributions are controlled,...

Vassil Roussenov; Richard G. Williams; Jane O'Dwyer

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Ocean Terracing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Artworks can improve humanity ability to apply macro-engineering principles which skirt or correct oceanographic problems impairing the economic usefulness of coastal land, the overhead airshed, and seawater temperature and salinity stability. A new form of Art, Ocean Art, is here proposed which centers on deliberate terracing of appropriate regions of our world ocean; a proposed example of macro-engineered useful Ocean Art is the technically possible 21-st Century terracing of the Mediterranean Sea. Ocean Art is applicable worldwide to places that might be practically improved by its judicious employment. Such Ocean Art may constitute an entirely unique category of solutions to coastal disaster prevention planning.

Richard Cathcart; Alexander Bolonkin

2007-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

460

INVESTIGATION OF DEEP-WATER CIRCULATION MODES IN THE EARLY CENOZOIC USING NEODYMIUM ISOTOPES FROM FOSSIL FISH DEBRIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ocean’s deep-water circulation plays a large role in heat transport across the globe. Circulation in the modern begins where cold, dense surface waters of the North Atlantic and Southern oceans sink to form Atlantic Bottom water. However, this mode did not operate in the geologic past. A growing body of Nd isotope data from fossil fish debris is being used to reconstruct the ancient mode of deep-water circulation throughout the early Cenozoic greenhouse interval. Recent data from previous Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) sites suggest that a bipolar mode of meridional overturning circulation may have existed in the Pacific during the early Cenozoic, beginning ~65 million years ago and lasting until ~40 million years ago. Here I present new data from Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP) Site 464, Northern Hess Rise, to enhance the reconstruction of deep water mass composition as well as determine if a reductive cleaning step (“clean”) method is necessary during sample preparation. Site 464 ?Nd(t) values range from -.30 to less radiogenic values of -4.42 from ~56.0 to 32.3 million years ago, showing a shift from a North Pacific deep-water influence to a Southern Ocean influence. The comparison of “clean” versus “unclean” analyses indicates that both record the same seawater composition.

Jones, Landon 1989-

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Horizontal stirring in the global ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Horizontal mixing and the distribution of coherent structures in the global ocean are analyzed using Finite-Size Lyapunov Exponents (FSLE), computed for the surface velocity field derived from the Ocean general circulation model For the Earth Simulator (OFES). FSLEs measure horizontal stirring and dispersion; additionally, the transport barriers which organize the oceanic flow can roughly be identified with the ridges of the FSLE field. We have performed a detailed statistical study, particularizing for the behaviour of the two hemispheres and different ocean basins. The computed Probability Distributions Functions (PDFs) of FSLE are broad and asymmetric. Horizontal mixing is generally more active in the northern hemisphere than in the southern one. Nevertheless the Southern Ocean is the most active ocean, and the Pacific the less active one. A striking result is that the main currents can be classified in two 'activity classes': Western Boundary Currents, which have broad PDFs with large FSLE values, and Eas...

Hernández-Carrasco, I; Hernández-García, E; Turiel, A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

A Mechanism for Abrupt Climate Change Associated with Tropical Pacific SSTs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The tropical Pacific’s response to transiently increasing atmospheric CO2 is investigated using three ensemble members from a numerically efficient, coupled atmosphere–ocean GCM. The model is forced with a 1% yr?1 increase in CO2 for 110 yr, when ...

Steve Vavrus; Michael Notaro; Zhengyu Liu

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

The Latitudinal Dependence of Shear and Mixing in the Pacific Transiting the Critical Latitude for PSI  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Turbulent mixing rates are inferred from measurements spanning 25°–37°N in the Pacific Ocean. The observations were made as part of the Internal Waves Across the Pacific experiment, designed to investigate the long-range fate of the low-mode ...

J. A. MacKinnon; M. H. Alford; Rob Pinkel; Jody Klymak; Zhongxiang Zhao

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Pacific Ethanol, Inc | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pacific Ethanol, Inc Pacific Ethanol, Inc Pacific Ethanol, Inc More Documents & Publications RSE Pulp & Chemical, LLC (Subsidiary of Red Shield Environmental, LLC) Pacific...

465

Retrospective ENSO Forecasts: Sensitivity to Atmospheric Model and Ocean Resolution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results are described from a series of 40 retrospective forecasts of tropical Pacific SST, starting 1 January and 1 July 1980–99, performed with several coupled ocean–atmosphere general circulation models sharing the same ocean model—the Modular ...

Edwin K. Schneider; Ben P. Kirtman; David G. DeWitt; Anthony Rosati; Link Ji; Joseph J. Tribbia

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

The Structure of Near-Inertial Waves during Ocean Storms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current meter data from two sites were analyzed for near-inertial motions generated by storm during the ten-month period of the Ocean Storms Experiment in the northeast Pacific Ocean. The most striking feature of the inertial wave response to ...

Hongbo Qi; Roland A. De Szoeke; Clayton A. Paulson; Charles C. Eriksen

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

ARM - Field Campaign - Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govCampaignsTropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere govCampaignsTropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Response Exp Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Response Exp 1992.07.11 - 1993.02.28 Lead Scientist : Chuck Long Data Availability Final data available. For data sets, see below. Summary IOP completed. Description The Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Response Experiment (TOGA-COARE) was conducted to better understand the structure of the coupled system of the warm pool of the western Pacific Ocean. Hundreds of participants from dozens of countries took part in this experiment from November 1, 1992 through February 28, 1993. Campaign Data Sets

468

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Skip to Main Content U.S. Department of Energy Search PNNL Search PNNL Home About Research Publications Jobs News Contacts Featured Research...

469

Physics of greenhouse effect and convection in warm Oceans  

SciTech Connect

Sea surface temperatures (SST) in roughly 50% of the tropical Pacific Ocean is warm enough (SST > 300 K) to permit deep convection. This paper examines the effects of deep convection on the climatological mean vertical distributions of water vapor and its greenhouse effect over such warm oceans. The study also examines the link between SST, vertical distribution of water vapor, and its greenhouse effect in the tropical oceans. The radiation model calculations do not include the effects of clouds. The data are grouped into nonconvective and convective categories using SST as an index for convective activity. On average, convective regions are more humid, trap significantly more longwave radiation, and emit more radiation to the sea surface. The greenhouse effect in regions of convection operates as per classical ideas, that is, as the SST increases, the atmosphere traps the excess longwave energy emitted by the surface and reradiates it locally back to the ocean surface. The important departure from the classical picture is that the net (up minus down) fluxes at the surface and at the top-of-the atmosphere decrease with an increase in SST; that is, the surface and the surface-troposphere column lose the ability to radiate the excess energy to space. The cause of this upper greenhouse effect at the surface is the rapid increase in the lower-troposphere humidity with SST; that of the column is due to a combination of increase in humidity in the entire column and increase in the lapse rate within the lower troposphere. The increase in the vertical distribution of humidity far exceeds that which can be attributed to the temperature dependence of saturation vapor pressure; that is, the tropospheric relative humidity is larger in convective regions. The positive coupling between SST and the radiative warming of the surface by the water vapor greenhouse effect is also shown to exist on interannual time scales. 35 refs., 17 figs. 4 tabs.

Inamdar, A.K.; Ramanathan, V. (Univ. of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA (United States))

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Barotropic Zonal Jets Induced by Islands in the Southwest Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The oceanic circulation entering the tropical southwest Pacific (SWP) is dominated by the broad westward flow of the South Equatorial Current (SEC), which is forced by the trade winds. It has been argued that the numerous islands of the SWP are ...

Xavier Couvelard; Patrick Marchesiello; Lionel Gourdeau; Jerome Lefèvre

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Antarctic Bottom Water Warming and Freshening: Contributions to Sea Level Rise, Ocean Freshwater Budgets, and Global Heat Gain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Freshening and warming of Antarctic Bottom Water (AABW) between the 1980s and 2000s are quantified, assessing the relative contributions of water-mass changes and isotherm heave. The analysis uses highly accurate, full-depth, ship-based, ...

Sarah G. Purkey; Gregory C. Johnson

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Subduction over the Southern Indian Ocean in a High-Resolution Atmosphere–Ocean Coupled Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the subduction of the Subantarctic Mode Water in the Indian Ocean in an ocean–atmosphere coupled model in which the ocean component is eddy permitting. The purpose is to assess how sensitive the simulated mode water is to the ...

Mei-Man Lee; A. J. George Nurser; I. Stevens; Jean-Baptiste Sallée

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Change in Pacific nitrogen content tied to climate change  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 For immediate release: 12/15/2013 | NR-13-12-04 High Resolution Image Living and fossilized coral are gathered from dives in the Hawaiian Islands. A Lawrence Livermore scientist and collaborators have studied coral to determine that a long-term shift in nitrogen content in the Pacific Ocean has occurred as a result of climate change. Image courtesy of NOAA Hawaii Undersea Research Laboratory. Change in Pacific nitrogen content tied to climate change Anne M Stark, LLNL, (925) 422-9799, stark8@llnl.gov Using deep sea corals gathered near the Hawaiian Islands, a Lawrence Livermore scientist, in collaboration with UC Santa Cruz colleagues, has determined that a long-term shift in nitrogen content in the Pacific Ocean has occurred as a result of climate change.

474

PACIFIC NORTHWEST CYBER SUMMIT  

SciTech Connect

On March 26, 2013, the Snohomish County Public Utility District (PUD) and the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) jointly hosted the Pacific Northwest Cyber Summit with the DOE’s Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, the White House, Washington State congressional delegation, Washington State National Guard, and regional energy companies.

Lesperance, Ann M.; Matlock, Gordon W.; Becker-Dippmann, Angela S.; Smith, Karen S.

2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

475

Simulation of Mixed Layer Depth in the Northeast Pacific Utilizing Spectral Nudging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A numerical model, the Parallel Ocean Program (POP), is used to run a 46-yr simulation of the North Pacific Ocean beginning in January 1960. The model has 0.25° horizontal resolution and 28 vertical levels, and it employs spectral nudging, which, ...

Shawn M. Donohue; Michael W. Stacey

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Rossby Waves and the Variability of the North Pacific Current during 2002–03  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A numerical model, the Parallel Ocean Program (POP), with 0.25° horizontal spatial resolution and 28 vertical levels is used to simulate the circulation of the North Pacific Ocean for the time period 1960–2006. Spectral nudging is used so that ...

Shawn M. Donohue; Michael W. Stacey

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

A Model Study on the 1988–89 Warming Event in the Northern North Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using outputs of a high-resolution ocean general circulation model, upper-ocean heat content budget and mixed layer heat budget are analyzed to investigate the reason for the 1988–89 decadal warming event in the northern North Pacific. The model ...

Jing-Jia Luo; Toshio Yamagata

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Pacific Ethanol, Inc | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pacific Ethanol, Inc Pacific Ethanol, Inc RSE Pulp & Chemical, LLC (Subsidiary of Red Shield Environmental, LLC)...

479

Pacific Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pacific Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Pacific Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Pacific Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Construction Installer/Contractor Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Appliances & Electronics Sealing Your Home Ventilation Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount CFL/LED Bulbs: Discounted pricing Energy Star CFL/LED Fixtures: $20 Clothes Washers: $50 Refrigerator: up to $35 Dishwasher: $20 Freezer: $20 Room Air Conditioner: $25 Water Heaters: $75 Heat Pump Water Heater: $150 Refrigerator Recycling: $30

480

Diagnosing Climate Change and Ocean Ventilation Using Hydrographic Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Changes in atmospheric forcing can affect the subsurface water column of the ocean by three different mechanisms. First, warmed mixed-layer water that is subducted into the ocean interior will cause subsurface warming; second, the subducted ...

Nathaniel L. Bindoff; Trevor J. Mcdougall

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water pacific ocean" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Humidity Profiles over the Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The distribution of water vapor in the atmosphere affects climate change through radiative balance and surface evaporation. The variabilities of atmospheric humidity profile over oceans from daily to interannual time scales were examined using ...

W. Timothy Liu; Wenqing Tang; Pearn P. Niiler

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Comparison of MTI Satellite-Derived Surface Water Temperatures and In-Situ Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Temperatures of the water surface of a cold, mid-latitude lake and the tropical Pacific Ocean were determined from MTI images and from in situ concurrent measurements. In situ measurements were obtained at the time of the MTI image with a floating, anchored platform, which measured the surface and bulk water temperatures and relevant meteorological variables, and also from a boat moving across the target area. Atmospheric profiles were obtained from concurrent radiosonde soundings. Radiances at the satellite were calculated with the Modtran radiative transfer model. The MTI infrared radiances were within 1 percent of the calculated values at the Pacific Ocean site but were 1-2 percent different over the mid-latitude lake.

Kurzeja, R.

2001-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

483

Impacts of Climate Change on the Subduction of Mode and Intermediate Water Masses in the Southern Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Changes in the temperature, salinity, and subduction of Subantarctic Mode Water (SAMW) and Antarctic Intermediate Water (AAIW) between the 1950s and 2090s are diagnosed using the CSIRO Mark version 3.5 (Mk3.5) climate system model Caps under a CO...

Stephanie M. Downes; Nathaniel L. Bindoff; Stephen R. Rintoul

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Extratropical Transition of Tropical Cyclones over the Western North Pacific. Part II: The Impact of Midlatitude Circulation Characteristics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two characteristic midlatitude circulation patterns (labeled northwest and northeast) are found to be associated with extratropical transition (ET) of tropical cyclones over the western North Pacific Ocean. Although in both cases the tropical ...

Patrick A. Harr; Russell L. Elsberry; Timothy F. Hogan

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Variability of Heat Content in the Central North Pacific in Summer 1987 Determined from Long-Range Acoustic Transmissions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The evolution of the heat content in the central North Pacific Ocean during summer 1987 has been measured using acoustic transmissions between transceivers deployed in a triangle approximately 1000 km on a side. The acoustically determined heat ...

Brian D. Dushaw; Peter F. Worcester; Bruce D. Cornuelle; Bruce M. Howe

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Prediction of September–December Fire in New Caledonia (Southwestern Pacific) Using July Niño-4 Sea Surface Temperature Index  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An empirical statistical scheme for predicting September–December fires in New Caledonia in the southwestern Pacific Ocean region using a cross-validated generalized linear model has been developed for the 2000–10 period. The predictor employs ...

Vincent Moron; Renaud Barbero; Morgan Mangeas; Laurent Borgniet; Thomas Curt; Laure Berti-Equille

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Changes in Thermal Structure of the Equatorial Pacific during the 1972 El Niño as Revealed by Bathythermograph Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bathythermograph data from the equatorial Pacific are used to study changes in upper ocean thermal structure during the period 1971–73 using data averaged over 2- or 3-month segments. This gives reasonable descriptions of the changes in two ...

A. E. Gill

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Detection of an Annual Westward Propagating Signal in the Meridional Wind Component along 8°N in the Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A westward propagating signal with the annual period is detected in anomalies of the zonally averaged meridional wind component along 8°N across the Pacific Ocean. The propagating signal in the “eddy” (defined as the departure from the zonally ...

Shoshiro Minobe

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

On the Structure and Dynamics of Monthly Mean Sea Level Anomalies along the Pacific Coast of North and South America  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The behavior and relationship of anomalies of monthly mean sea level, coastal sea surface temperature and alongshore wind stress for the eastern Pacific Ocean during the period 1950–74 have been studied. Sea level and temperature records from ...

D. B. Enfield; J. S. Allen

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Depiction of the Variations of Great Plains Precipitation and Its Relationship with Tropical Central-Eastern Pacific SST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several advanced analysis tools are applied to depict the time–frequency characteristics of the variations of Great Plains (GP) precipitation and its relationship with tropical central-eastern Pacific Ocean sea surface temperature (SST). These ...

Song Yang; X. Ding; D. Zheng; Q. Li

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Observed Evolution of Northward-Propagating Intraseasonal Variation over the Western Pacific: A Case Study in Boreal Early Summer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the in situ observed evolution of the atmospheric profile during an event of the boreal summer intraseasonal variation (BSISV) in the tropical western Pacific Ocean. The convectively active region of the BSISV proceeded ...

Masaki Katsumata; Hiroyuki Yamada; Hisayuki Kubota; Qoosaku Moteki; Ryuichi Shirooka

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Evaluation of the South Pacific Convergence Zone in IPCC AR4 Climate Model Simulations of the Twentieth Century  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Understanding how the South Pacific convergence zone (SPCZ) may change in the future requires the use of global coupled atmosphere–ocean models. It is therefore important to evaluate the ability of such models to realistically simulate the SPCZ. ...

Josephine R. Brown; Scott B. Power; Francois P. Delage; Robert A. Colman; Aurel F. Moise; Bradley F. Murphy

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Geostrophic Scatter Diagrams and the Application of Quasigeostrophic Free-Mode Theory to a Northeast Pacific Blocking Episode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Throughout the latter part of January and most of February 1989 a large-scale intense blocking event occurred over the northeast Pacific Ocean. During its lifetime the block exhibited two distinct spatial configurations corresponding to Omega and ...

Nils R. Ek; Gordon E. Swaters

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

A Numerical Study on the Atmospheric Circulation over the Midlatitude North Pacific during the Last Glacial Maximum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dynamics of the atmospheric circulation change over the midlatitude North Pacific under the boundary conditions during the last glacial maximum (LGM) have been studied by atmospheric general circulation models (GCMs) with different ocean ...

Wataru Yanase; Ayako Abe-Ouchi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Evaluating Low-Cloud Simulation from an Upgraded Multiscale Modeling Framework Model. Part II: Seasonal Variations over the Eastern Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The eastern Pacific is a climatologically important region. Conventional coupled atmosphere–ocean general circulation models produce positive sea surface temperature biases of 2–5 K in this region because of insufficient stratocumulus clouds. In ...

Kuan-Man Xu; Anning Cheng

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Equatorward Propagation of Coupled Air–Sea Disturbances with Application to the Annual Cycle of the Eastern Tropical Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple coupled ocean–atmospheric boundary layer model is used to study the annual variability in the eastern tropical Pacific. The air–sea coupling, particularly the feedback of the total wind speed effect on evaporation and wind mixing ...

Zhengyu Liu; Shangping Xie

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Measurements of the Directional Spectra of Shallow Water Waves Using the Maximum Entropy Principle and a Single Ocean Bottom Seismometer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new method for measurement of the directional spectra of surface gravity (water) waves is presented here. Measurements are made at a single point by orthogonally mounted seismometers buried 0.5 meters below the seabed surface and a pressure ...

Tom Nye; Tokuo Yamamoto; Mark Trevorrow

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

A Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere System of SST Modulation for the Indian Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The net heat flux into the northern Indian Ocean is between 75 and 100 W m?2 during the boreal spring and early summer but only 10–20 W m?2 in the western Pacific during the entire year. The differences in the net surface heat fluxes arise from ...

Johannes Loschnigg; Peter J. Webster

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Pacific | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pacific Pacific Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Electric Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This data reflects Table 9, and contains only the reference case. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO EIA Energy Consumption Pacific Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Energy Consumption by Sector and Source - Pacific- Reference Case (xls, 297.5 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period 2008-2035 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset

500

The Analysis of Tropical Cyclone Tracks in the Western North Pacific through Data Mining. Part II: Tropical Cyclone Landfall  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is the second paper of a two-part series of papers on the analysis of tropical cyclone (TC) tracks in the western North Pacific Ocean. In this paper, TC landfalls in the South China Sea and western North Pacific basins are investigated ...

Wei Zhang; Yee Leung; Johnny C. L. Chan

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z