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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water intake structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Behavioral Factors Influencing Fish Entrapment at Offshore Cooling-Water Intake Structures in Southern California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Behavioral Factors Influencing Fish Entrapment at Offshore Cooling-Water Intake Structures in Southern California MARK HELVEY Introduction Fish entrapment by offshore cooling-water intake structures. Based on con- comitant in-plant impingement monitoring, it was also learned that these same reef species

2

ASSESSING POWER PLANT COOLING WATER INTAKE SYSTEM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ASSESSING POWER PLANT COOLING WATER INTAKE SYSTEM ENTRAINMENT IMPACTS Prepared For: California, Center for Ocean Health, Long Marine Lab GREGOR CAILLIET, Moss Landing Marine Laboratories DAVID MAYER be obvious that large studies like these require the coordinated work of many people. We would first like

3

On the heredity of water intake and feed efficiency in the Fowl  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the heredity of water intake and feed efficiency in the Fowl A. BORDAS, A. OBFIDAH P. MÃ?RAT variation of water intake and water /feed ratio and the effect of water /feed ratio on feed intake. The main for " polydipsia " in some individuals. There is a large mean difference for water intake between the two

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

4

Electric Power Plant Cooling Water Intakes and Related Water  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Impact of Drought on U.S. Steam Impact of Drought on U.S. Steam Electric Power Plant Cooling Water Intakes and Related Water Resource Management Issues April 2009 DOE/NETL-2009/1364 Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement,

5

Gestational and early postnatal dietary NaCl levels affect NaCl intake, but not stimulated water intake, by adult rats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

intake, by adult rats Kathleen S. Curtis, Eric G. Krause, Donna L. Wong, and Robert J. Contreras affect NaCl intake, but not stimulated water intake, by adult rats. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp examined body fluid regulation by weanling (21­25 days) and adult ( 60 days) male rats that were offspring

Hull, Elaine

6

Energy penalty analysis of possible cooling water intake structurerequirements on existing coal-fired power plants.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Section 316(b) of the Clean Water Act requires that cooling water intake structures must reflect the best technology available for minimizing adverse environmental impact. Many existing power plants in the United States utilize once-through cooling systems to condense steam. Once-through systems withdraw large volumes (often hundreds of millions of gallons per day) of water from surface water bodies. As the water is withdrawn, fish and other aquatic organisms can be trapped against the screens or other parts of the intake structure (impingement) or if small enough, can pass through the intake structure and be transported through the cooling system to the condenser (entrainment). Both of these processes can injure or kill the organisms. EPA adopted 316(b) regulations for new facilities (Phase I) on December 18, 2001. Under the final rule, most new facilities could be expected to install recirculating cooling systems, primarily wet cooling towers. The EPA Administrator signed proposed 316(b) regulations for existing facilities (Phase II) on February 28, 2002. The lead option in this proposal would allow most existing facilities to achieve compliance without requiring them to convert once-through cooling systems to recirculating systems. However, one of the alternate options being proposed would require recirculating cooling in selected plants. EPA is considering various options to determine best technology available. Among the options under consideration are wet-cooling towers and dry-cooling towers. Both types of towers are considered to be part of recirculating cooling systems, in which the cooling water is continuously recycled from the condenser, where it absorbs heat by cooling and condensing steam, to the tower, where it rejects heat to the atmosphere before returning to the condenser. Some water is lost to evaporation (wet tower only) and other water is removed from the recirculating system as a blow down stream to control the building up of suspended and dissolved solids. Makeup water is withdrawn, usually from surface water bodies, to replace the lost water. The volume of makeup water is many times smaller than the volume needed to operate a once-through system. Although neither the final new facility rule nor the proposed existing facility rule require dry cooling towers as the national best technology available, the environmental community and several States have supported the use of dry-cooling technology as the appropriate technology for addressing adverse environmental impacts. It is possible that the requirements included in the new facility rule and the ongoing push for dry cooling systems by some stakeholders may have a role in shaping the rule for existing facilities. The temperature of the cooling water entering the condenser affects the performance of the turbine--the cooler the temperature, the better the performance. This is because the cooling water temperature affects the level of vacuum at the discharge of the steam turbine. As cooling water temperatures decrease, a higher vacuum can be produced and additional energy can be extracted. On an annual average, once-through cooling water has a lower temperature than recirculated water from a cooling tower. By switching a once-through cooling system to a cooling tower, less energy can be generated by the power plant from the same amount of fuel. This reduction in energy output is known as the energy penalty. If a switch away from once-through cooling is broadly implemented through a final 316(b) rule or other regulatory initiatives, the energy penalty could result in adverse effects on energy supplies. Therefore, in accordance with the recommendations of the Report of the National Energy Policy Development Group (better known as the May 2001 National Energy Policy), the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), through its Office of Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), and Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), has studied the energy penalty resulting from converting plants with once-through cooling to wet towers or indirect-dry towers. Five l

Veil, J. A.; Littleton, D. J.; Gross, R. W.; Smith, D. N.; Parsons, E.L., Jr.; Shelton, W. W.; Feeley, T. J.; McGurl, G. V.

2006-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

7

Assessment of age-dependent uranium intake due to drinking water in Hyderabad, India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......60 microg d1. The mean daily uranium intake through tap water, which...Dr A. K. Ghosh, Director, Health, Safety and Environment Group...colleagues. REFERENCES 1 US DOE. Depleted Uranium. Human Health Fact Sheet (2001) ANL. 2 Essien......

A. Y. Balbudhe; S. K. Srivastava; K. Vishwaprasad; G. K. Srivastava; R. M. Tripathi; V. D. Puranik

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Aluminum and silica intake in drinking water and the risk of Alzheimer's disease or cognitive decline: findings of the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aluminum and silica intake in drinking water and the risk of Alzheimer's disease or cognitive,2 , Commenges Daniel1,2 , Helmer Catherine2,3 , Jean-François Dartigues2,3 . Abbreviations: Al, Aluminum; AD, Alzheimer's Disease; MMSE, Mini Mental State Examination; Si, Silica Running head: Aluminum, silica in water

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

9

Assessment of age-dependent uranium intake due to drinking water in Hyderabad, India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......leaching from natural deposits, combustion of coal and other fuels and the use of...species of radio elements from coal-fired plants. Health Phys. (1986...Ultraviolet Rays Uranium analysis Water chemistry Water Pollutants, Radioactive......

A. Y. Balbudhe; S. K. Srivastava; K. Vishwaprasad; G. K. Srivastava; R. M. Tripathi; V. D. Puranik

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

REDACTED - FINAL Environmental Assessment to Address Proposed Site Modifications at the Stragegic Petroleum Reserve's West Hackberry Raw Water Intate Structure Site  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DISCLAIMER DISCLAIMER This document has been approved for distribution to the public. All information classified by the Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve as Sensitive Unclassified Information has been removed from this document. DOE/SPR/EA-1523 Environmental Assessment to Address Proposed Site Modifications at the Strategic Petroleum Reserve's West Hackberry Raw Water Intake Structure Site, Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana U.S. Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve 900 Commerce Road East New Orleans, Louisiana 70123 November 2005 i FINDING OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT PROPOSED SITE MODIFICATIONS AT THE STRATEGIC PETROLEUM RESERVE'S WEST HACKBERRY RAW WATER INTAKE STRUCTURE SITE, CALCASIEU PARISH, LOUISIANA AGENCY: Department of Energy

11

REDACTED - FINAL Environmental Assessment to Address Proposed Site Modifications at the Stragegic Petroleum Reserve's West Hackberry Raw Water Intate Structure Site  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DISCLAIMER DISCLAIMER This document has been approved for distribution to the public. All information classified by the Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve as Sensitive Unclassified Information has been removed from this document. DOE/SPR/EA-1523 Environmental Assessment to Address Proposed Site Modifications at the Strategic Petroleum Reserve's West Hackberry Raw Water Intake Structure Site, Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana U.S. Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve 900 Commerce Road East New Orleans, Louisiana 70123 November 2005 i FINDING OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT PROPOSED SITE MODIFICATIONS AT THE STRATEGIC PETROLEUM RESERVE'S WEST HACKBERRY RAW WATER INTAKE STRUCTURE SITE, CALCASIEU PARISH, LOUISIANA AGENCY: Department of Energy

12

Structural basis of photosynthetic water-splitting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Photosynthetic water-splitting takes place in photosystem II (PSII), a membrane protein complex consisting of 20 subunits with an overall molecular mass of 350 kDa. The light-induced water-splitting reaction catalyzed by PSII not only converts light energy into biologically useful chemical energy, but also provides us with oxygen indispensible for sustaining oxygenic life on the earth. We have solved the structure of PSII at a 1.9 Å resolution, from which, the detailed structure of the Mn{sub 4}CaO{sub 5}-cluster, the catalytic center for water-splitting, became clear. Based on the structure of PSII at the atomic resolution, possible mechanism of light-induced water-splitting was discussed.

Shen, Jian-Ren [Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology/Faculty of Science, Okayama University, Okayama (Japan); Umena, Yasufumi [The OCU Advanced Research Institute for Natural Science and Technology (OCARINA), Osaka City University, Osaka, Japan and PRESTO, JST (Japan); Kawakami, Keisuke [The OCU Advanced Research Institute for Natural Science and Technology (OCARINA), Osaka City University, Osaka (Japan); Kamiya, Nobuo [The OCU Advanced Research Institute for Natural Science and Technology (OCARINA), Osaka City University, Osaka, Japan and Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Osaka City University, Osaka (Japan)

2013-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

13

The Structure of Water in Crystalline Aluminophosphates: Isolated Water and Intermolecular Clusters Probed by Raman Spectroscopy, NMR and Structural Modeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of water in different states, e.g., bulk water, water clusters, aqueous solutions of ions or organicThe Structure of Water in Crystalline Aluminophosphates: Isolated Water and Intermolecular Clusters are used to elucidate the properties of water in Metavariscite, AlPO4-H3, AlPO4-8 and VPI-5. The framework

Goddard III, William A.

14

Surface Science Letters Structures of adsorbed water layers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Surface Science Letters Structures of adsorbed water layers on MgO: an ab initio study R.M. Lynden; Single crystal surfaces 1. Introduction The structure of adsorbed ®lms of water on a perfect surface. Experimentally, water is found to adsorb reversibly on a ¯at MgO surface to form a monolayer at temperatures

Alavi, Ali

15

Adsorption structure of water molecules on the Be(0001) surface  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

By using density functional theory calculations, we systematically investigate the adsorption of water molecules at different coverages on the Be(0001) surface. The coverage dependence of the prototype water structures and energetics for water adlayer growth are systematically studied. The structures, energetics, and electronic properties are calculated and compared with other available studies. Through our systematic investigations, we find that water molecules form clusters or chains on the Be(0001) surface at low coverages. When increasing the water coverage, water molecules tend to form a 2?×?2 hexagonal network on the Be(0001) surface.

Yang, Yu; Li, Yanfang [LCP, Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, P.O. Box 8009, Beijing 100088 (China); Wang, Shuangxi [College of Science, China University of Petroleum, Beijing 102249 (China); Zhang, Ping, E-mail: zhang-ping@iapcm.ac.cn [LCP, Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, P.O. Box 8009, Beijing 100088 (China); Center for Applied Physics and Technology, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)

2014-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

16

Structural Rearrangements in Water Viewed Through Two- Dimensional Infrared Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Compared with other molecular liquids, water is highly structured because of its ability to form up to four hydrogen bonds, resulting in a tetrahedral network of molecules. However, this underlying intermolecular structure ...

Roberts, Sean Thomas

17

ASSOCIATION AMONG FLUID, GRAIN INTAKE AND WEIGHT GAIN IN HOLSTEIN BULL CALVES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Water intake was increased by calves with fecal scores of 1 and 2. However, water intake was significantly different for calves with fecal scores of 3 or 4 with a (P scours and fecal score...

Gonzalez Ferreira, Marcelo A.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

18

The Inhomogeneous Structure of Water at Ambient Conditions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The Inhomogeneous Structure of Water at The Inhomogeneous Structure of Water at Ambient Conditions The water molecule, H2O, has deceptively simple structure, but contains all the prerequisites for building complexity. The oxygen atom has a greater affinity for electrons and pulls them away from the hydrogens making them slightly positive. On the back side of molecule oxygen has a lone pair - electrons that do not assist in binding the hydrogens in the molecule, but to which the hydrogens of another water molecule can be attracted to form a so-called hydrogen bond (H-bond). Hydrogen bond is much weaker than the bonding inside water molecule, but it is still strong enough with the possibility to make from one up to four H-bonds per water molecule. The network connected by H-bonds between water molecules makes liquid water so special compared to other normal liquids with about 66 anomalies, e.g. density maximum at 4 °C and large heat capacity. The anomalies of water become extreme in the supercooled region (below freezing point), whilst they are also present at ambient conditions where most of waters' physical, chemical and biological processes of importance occur. Water at ambient conditions has traditionally been considered as a homogeneous distribution of near- tetrahedral H-bonded structures with thermal fluctuations increasing with temperature. This picture has been challenged by recent studies based on x-ray Raman (XRS), x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and x-ray emission spectroscopy (XES), suggesting two distinct local structures with tetrahedral as a minority and highly H-bond distorted asymmetrical as the majority. In particular, the proposed predominant asymmetrical structure has caused intense debate in the last years.

19

Role of water molecules in the structure and function of aspartic proteinases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Conserved water molecules in the crystal structures of aspartic proteinases have been identified. Possible roles of these water molecules in the enzyme's structure and function have been analyzed.

Prasad, B.V.L.S.

2002-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

20

Shock-less Hypersonic Intakes.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The accuracy of CFD for simulating hypersonic air intake flow is verified by calculating the flow inside a Busemann type intake. The CFD results are… (more)

Miri, Seyed Hossein

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water intake structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Estimation of radiation doses to members of the public in Italy from intakes of some important naturally occurring radionuclides (238U, 234U, 235U, 226Ra, 228Ra, 224Ra and 210Po) in drinking water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The radiological quality in some samples of drinking water collected in Italy has been evaluated in the paper. As far as the measured ? or ? radionuclides are concerned, the doses for all the analysed samples of drinking water are in the range of 1.80–36.2 ?Sv yr?1, all being well below the reference level of the committed effective dose (100 ?Sv yr?1) recommended by the WHO. As far as each measured ? or ? radionuclide is concerned, the dose contributions for most of the analysed water samples are in this order: 210Po>228Ra>226Ra>234U>238U>224Ra>235U, and 210Po and 228Ra can yield a significant contribution to the doses from the analysed drinking water samples. As far as the elements are concerned, the dose contributions are 48.0±27.9% from radium, 31.7±23.1% from polonium, and 20.3±14.1% from uranium. The water samples, No. 2, 7, 13, and 15, can lead to a dose of >10 ?Sv yr?1, mainly due to the dose contribution from 210Po and 228Ra, especially water samples No. 2 and 13. The obtained data can provide basic information for consumers and competent authorities regarding the internal exposure risk due to drinking water intake, and can possibly serve as a comparison when evaluating the dose contribution from artificial radionuclides released to the environment as a result of any human practices and accidents in the studied area.

Guogang Jia; Giancarlo Torri

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Thermodynamics, Structure, and Dynamics of Water Confined between Hydrophobic Plates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We perform molecular dynamics simulations of 512 water-like molecules that interact via the TIP5P potential and are confined between two smooth hydrophobic plates that are separated by 1.10 nm. We find that the anomalous thermodynamic properties of water are shifted to lower temperatures relative to the bulk by $\\approx 40$ K. The dynamics and structure of the confined water resemble bulk water at higher temperatures, consistent with the shift of thermodynamic anomalies to lower temperature. Due to this $T$ shift, our confined water simulations (down to $T = 220$ K) do not reach sufficiently low temperature to observe a liquid-liquid phase transition found for bulk water at $T\\approx 215$ K using the TIP5P potential. We find that the different crystalline structures that can form for two different separations of the plates, 0.7 nm and 1.10 nm, have no counterparts in the bulk system, and discuss the relevance to experiments on confined water.

Pradeep Kumar; Sergey V. Buldyrev; Francis W. Starr; Nicolas Giovambattista; H. Eugene Stanley

2005-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

23

Freely floating structures trapping time-harmonic water waves (revisited)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the coupled small-amplitude motion of the mechanical system consisting of infinitely deep water and a structure immersed in it. The former is bounded above by a free surface, whereas the latter is formed by an arbitrary finite number of surface-piercing bodies floating freely. The mathematical model of time-harmonic motion is a spectral problem in which the frequency of oscillations serves as the spectral parameter. It is proved that there exist axisymmetric structures consisting of $N \\geq 2$ bodies; every structure has the following properties: (i) a time-harmonic wave mode is trapped by it; (ii) some of its bodies (may be none) are motionless, whereas the rest of the bodies (may be none) are heaving at the same frequency as water. The construction of these structures is based on a generalization of the semi-inverse procedure applied earlier for obtaining trapping bodies that are motionless although float freely.

Nikolay Kuznetsov; Oleg Motygin

2014-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

24

IEP - Water-Energy Interface: Advanced Cooling Technology  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cooling Technology Cooling Technology This component of the program is focused on research to develop technologies that improve performance and reduce costs associated with wet cooling, dry cooling, and hybrid cooling technologies. In addition, the research area covers innovative methods to control bio-fouling of cooling water intake structures as well as advances in intake structure systems. Read More! It is technically possible to cool power plants with minimal water use. However, at this time such cooling methods are not as economically feasible as traditional cooling systems. Additional research and development is necessary to develop cooling systems that use as little water as possible, but at a reasonable cost. Water intake structures are also an area of concern, especially considering the Clean Water Act 316(b) regulation which requires that the location, design, construction, and capacity of cooling water intake structures reflect the best technology available for minimizing adverse environmental impact. With plant intake structures, the particular concern is impingement and entrainment of aquatic organisms.

25

Spatial association between the locations of roots and water flow paths in highly structured soil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Considerable evidence exists that the majority of low tension water flow through highly structured clayey soil occurs in a small fraction of total pore space and that the flow paths converge as depth increases. In structured clayey soils, water...

Gardiner, Nathan Thomas

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

26

Water hammer with fluid-structure interaction in thick-walled pipes A.S. Tijsseling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The model is based on conventional water-hammer and beam theories. Fluid- structure interaction (FSI generates water hammer, thus invoking fluid-structure interaction. The numerical simulation of water-hammer at a one-dimensional formulation, in accordance with classical water-hammer theory, the equations (1

Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

27

Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The acceptable daily intake (ADI) is commonly defined as the maximum amount of a chemical to which a person can be exposed, on a daily basis over an extended period of time, usually without suffering a deleterious effect. It represents a daily intake level of a chemical in humans that is associated with minimal or no risk of adverse effects, and if the ingestion exceeds, this amount may cause toxic effects. It is a numerical estimate of daily oral exposure to the human population, including sensitive subgroups such as children, that is not likely to cause harmful effects during a lifetime. The ADI is expressed in milligrams of the chemical, as it appears in the food, per kilogram of body weight per day (mg kg?1 day?1).

J. Chilakapati; H.M. Mehendale

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Air intake shaft performance tests (Shaft 5): In situ data report (May 1988--July 1995). Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Thermal/Structural Interactions Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Data are presented from the Air Intake Shaft Test, an in situ test fielded at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). The construction of this shaft, well after the initial three access shafts, presented an unusual opportunity to obtain valuable detailed data on the mechanical response of a shaft for application to seal design. These data include selected fielding information, test configuration, instrumentation activities, and comprehensive results from a large number of gages. Construction of the test began in December 1987; gage data in this report cover the period from May 1988 through July 1995, with the bulk of the data obtained after obtaining access in November, 1989 and from the heavily instrumented period after remote gage installation between May, 1990, and October, 1991.

Munson, D.E. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Repository Isolation Systems Dept.; Hoag, D.L.; Ball, J.R. [RE/SPEC Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Baird, G.T.; Jones, R.L. [Tech Reps, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

DOE/EA-1602: Alternative Intake Project Transmission Line and Interconnection Final Environmental Assessment (November 2008)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Alternative Intake Project Alternative Intake Project Transmission Line and Interconnection Final Environmental Assessment November 2008 DOE/EA-1602 DOE/EA-1602 Final Environmental Assessment for the Western Area Power Administration Alternative Intake Project Transmission Line and Interconnection As part of its comprehensive water quality strategy to protect and improve water quality for its customers, the Contra Costa Water District (CCWD) is implementing the Alternative Intake Project (AIP). The AIP will enable CCWD to relocate some of its existing diversions to Victoria Canal, a Delta location with higher-quality source water than is currently available at its Old River and Rock Slough intakes. The AIP project purpose is to protect and improve the quality of water delivered to CCWD's untreated-

30

Water structure associated with proteins and its role in crystallization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Water molecules occupy well determined sites inside or at the surface of biological macromolecules. On crystallization some of these waters are either desolvated or involved in crystal packing.

Frey, M.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

ANALYSING THE DIVERSITY OF WATER PRICING STRUCTURES: THE CASE OF FRANCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.montginoul@cemagref.fr ; Fax : (33) 4 67 63 57 95 Paper published in : Water Resour Manage (2007) 21:861­871 Author-produced resources. Simultaneously, the cost of producing drinking water rises, as water has to be transported over1 ANALYSING THE DIVERSITY OF WATER PRICING STRUCTURES: THE CASE OF FRANCE Marielle Montginoul

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

32

Effects of confinement on water structure and dynamics and on proton transport: a molecular simulation study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Classical molecular dynamics (MD) simulations are performed to study structural and dynamic properties of water confined within graphite surfaces. The surfaces are separated at distances varying between 7 and 14.5 Å and the water density is held...

Hirunsit, Pussana

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

33

Effect of Intake on Compressor Performance  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This tip sheet briefly describes the effect of intake air on air compressor performance, offers guidance on selecting intake air filters, and outlines when to pursue filter replacement.

34

Ultrafast conversions between hydrogen bonded structures in liquid water observed by femtosecond x-ray spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the first femtosecond soft x-ray spectroscopy in liquids, enabling the observation of changes in hydrogen bond structures in water via core-hole excitation. The oxygen K-edge of vibrationally excited water is probed with femtosecond soft x-ray pulses, exploiting the relation between different water structures and distinct x-ray spectral features. After excitation of the intramolecular OH stretching vibration, characteristic x-ray absorption changes monitor the conversion of strongly hydrogen-bonded water structures to more disordered structures with weaker hydrogen-bonding described by a single subpicosecond time constant. The latter describes the thermalization time of vibrational excitations and defines the characteristic maximum rate with which nonequilibrium populations of more strongly hydrogen-bonded water structures convert to less-bonded ones. On short time scales, the relaxation of vibrational excitations leads to a transient high-pressure state and a transient absorption spectrum different from that of statically heated water.

Wen, Haidan; Huse, Nils; Schoenlein, Robert W.; Lindenberg, Aaron M.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

CMC intake ramp for hypersonic propulsion systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An alternative technology to produce CMC structural components with lower costs and shorter manufacturing times has been developed at the DLR. The process is based on liquid silicon infiltration (LSI) into porous carbon/carbon resulting in a C/C-SiC material whereby the load carrying fibres are internally protected against oxidation by SiC. The material`s adequate strength levels and the high reproducibility of the state-of-the-art process now allows the realization of CMC components. Representing a very complex structure of high integrity, an intake ramp for a hypersonic propulsion system has been designed, manufactured and tested, which is described in this paper.

Kochendoerfer, R.; Krenkel, W. [Institute of Structures and Design, Stuttgart, (Germany)

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Water dynamics: dependence on local structure probed with vibrational echo correlation spectroscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water dynamics: dependence on local structure probed with vibrational echo correlation spectroscopy­D stretching band of HOD in H2O and molecular dynamics simulations are employed to investigate water dynamics. The wavelength dependence of the measured dynamics demonstrates that different hydrogen bonded water species

Fayer, Michael D.

37

Fault Diagnosis Of A Water For Injection System Using Enhanced Structural Isolation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A water for injection system supplies chilled sterile water as a solvent for pharmaceutical products. There are ultimate requirements for the quality of the sterile water, and the consequence of a fault in temperature or in flow control within the process ... Keywords: Fault Diagnosis, Fault Isolation, Matching, Structural Analysis

Morten Laursen; Mogens Blanke; Dilek Dü?TegöR

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Mineral balances, including in drinking water, estimated for Merced County dairy herds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of daily mineral intake, drinking-water mineral contributionND Total daily intake, including minerals in drinking water.mineral contents in drinking water and daily drinking-water

Castillo, Alejandro R Dr.; Santos, Jose Eduardo P.; Tabone, Tom J.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Ultrafast structural fluctuations and rearrangements of water's hydrogen bonded network  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aqueous chemistry is strongly influenced by water's ability to form an extended network of hydrogen bonds. It is the fluctuations and rearrangements of this network that stabilize reaction products and drive the transport ...

Loparo, Joseph J. (Joseph John)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Inelastic Neutron Scattering from Water in Biological Structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The beryllium filter technique is used to measure rotational modes of water in wet DNA and rat muscle. Measurements are also presented of rotational modes of bound H2O in live leaves of Ficus elastica decora, Phi...

P. Martel

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water intake structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Modeling the structure of coal water slurry (CWS) sprays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis describes a model of coal water slurry (CWS) sprays and presents new experimental data for CWS viscosities. The model is based on the aerodynamic theory of spray atomization which has been successfully used for Diesel sprays. However...

Prithiviraj, Manikandan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

42

Factors influencing food intake of Hispanic children  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The diets of Hispanic children are high in fat and low in fruits and vegetables, which may contribute to their high rates of obesity. Research has revealed that environmental factors, such as household structure, family attitudes towards food and the social context of food messages influence children's food intake. Ethnicity or level of acculturation in Hispanic families may moderate these relationships, but additional research is needed to more fully understand the effects of the process of acculturation on children's diets. More importantly, intervention research is needed to develop and implement programs that may be used to shape public health practice and policies.

Donna Matheson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Study on consumption efficiency of soil water resources in the Yellow River Basin based on regional ET structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Based on the regional water resources character, the concept of soil water resources is first redefined, and then associated...ET)-based consumption structure and consumption efficiency of soil water resources ar...

Hao Wang; GuiYu Yang; YangWen Jia; DaYong Qin

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Towards Structural Determination of the Water-splitting Enzyme PURIFICATION, CRYSTALLIZATION, AND PRELIMINARY CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC STUDIES OF PHOTOSYSTEM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Towards Structural Determination of the Water-splitting Enzyme PURIFICATION, CRYSTALLIZATION functions as a water/plastoquinone oxidoreductase in the thylakoid membrane of chloroplasts and cyanobacteria yielding oxygen, protons, and reduced plastoqui- none by the splitting of water. Powered

Roegner, Matthias

45

Vibrational Sum Frequency Generation Studies of Biological and Atmospheric Relevant Interfaces: Lipids, Organosulfur Species and Interfacial Water Structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vibrational Sum Frequency Generation Studies of Biological and Atmospheric Relevant Interfaces frequency generation is employed to investigate the ordering of water at phospholipid/water interfaces: Lipids, Organosulfur Species and Interfacial Water Structure DISSERTATION Presented in Partial

46

E-Print Network 3.0 - antioxidant nutrient intakes Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

a person's energy & nutrient needs. How big is a serving? You don't need... of lemon, lime, or orange vTips for Increasing Water Intake: Yogurt smoothies String Cheese ......

47

Electronic structure effects in liquid water studied by photoelectron spectroscopy and density functional theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present valence photoelectron emission spectra of liquid water in comparison with gas-phase water, ice close to the melting point, low temperature amorphous and crystalline ice. All aggregation states have major electronic structure changes relative to the free molecule, with rehybridization and development of bonding and anti-bonding states accompanying the hydrogen bond formation. Sensitivity to the local structural order, most prominent in the shape and splitting of the occupied 3a{sub 1} orbital, is understood from the electronic structure averaging over various geometrical structures, and reflects the local nature of the orbital interaction.

Nordlund, Dennis; Odelius, Michael; Bluhm, Hendrik; Ogasawara, Hirohito; Pettersson, Lars G.M.; Nilsson, Anders

2008-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

48

Green Water Flow Kinematics and Impact Pressure on a Three Dimensional Model Structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Flow kinematics of green water due to plunging breaking waves interacting with a simplified, three-dimensional model structure was investigated in laboratory. Two breaking wave conditions were tested: one with waves impinging and breaking...

Ariyarathne, Hanchapola Appuhamilage Kusalika Suranjani

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

49

Structural Features and Water Interactions of Etherified Xylan Thin Films  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, the model film approach was used to investigate the structural features and humidity induced changes of the etherified xylan derivatives by using surface sensitive methods. Two routes to modify the...

Maria Soledad Peresin; Kari Kammiovirta…

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Effect of the Protein Denaturants Urea and Guanidinium on Water Structure: A Structural and Thermodynamic Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the hydrogen bond network of water in the first hydration shell of urea and guanidinium were analyzed in terms of the random network model using Monte Carlo simulations. Bulk water consists of two populations of hydrogen and more bent hydrogen bonds. In the first shell of urea, hydrogen bonds between waters solvating the amino

Sharp, Kim

51

Evolutionary Computing for Detection of Retentive Structures in Coastal Waters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,robillia,poty,fonlupt}@lil.univ-littoral.fr, Abstract-- The demography of anchovy fishes in the Gulf of Biscay seems to be related to the presence of so- called "retentive" hydrodynamical structures, that keep fish eggs and larvae in a favorable environment be used to decide fishing quotas or bans for the sake of preserving the natural resource. We propose two

Fernandez, Thomas

52

LE JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE NON BOUSSINESQ CONVECTIVE STRUCTURES IN WATER NEAR 4 C  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LE JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE NON BOUSSINESQ CONVECTIVE STRUCTURES IN WATER NEAR 4 °C M. DUBOIS, P. BERGE répondant à l'approximation de Boussinesq. On trouve en particulier des structures convectives hexagonales profile of such a layer produces qualitatively different behaviour from that observed in « Boussinesq

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

53

Interaction of Groundwater and Surface Water in the Williston and Powder River Structural Basins  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interaction of Groundwater and Surface Water in the Williston and Powder River Structural Basins Cretaceous aquifer systems in the Williston and Powder River structural basins is currently being assessed by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). The Williston basin is located in parts of North Dakota, South Dakota

Torgersen, Christian

54

Modeling of structure H hydrate equilibria for methane, intermediate hydrocarbon molecules and water systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Clathrate hydrates are inclusion compounds in which guest molecules are engaged by water molecules under favorable conditions of pressure and temperature. The well known structures 1 and 2 have been discovered since last century, while a new structure called H has been recently described in the literature. Since that time, structure H hydrate equilibrium data involving methane and different intermediate liquid hydrocarbon molecules have been published. The equilibrium calculations involving hydrates are based on the fact that the chemical potential of water in the aqueous liquid phase is equal to the one in the hydrate phase. The chemical potential of water in the liquid aqueous phase can be easily described by classical thermodynamic relations, while the chemical potential of water in the hydrates phase is described by the expressions proposed by Van der Walls and Platteeuw derived from an adsorption model based on statistical thermodynamics. The authors present in this paper a set of Kihara potential parameters which enable the calculation of Langmuir constants which characterize the adsorption of some naphthenic and iso-paraffinic intermediate hydrocarbons in the larger cage of structure H hydrates. This work thus allows the computation of structural H hydrate equilibrium conditions for systems made of methane, intermediate hydrocarbon molecules and water.

Thomas, M.; Behar, E. [Inst. Francais du Petrole, Rueil-Malmaison (France)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

55

Comment on "Structure and dynamics of liquid water on rutile TiO2(110)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Liu and co-workers [Phys. Rev. B 82, 161415 (2010)] discussed the long-standing debate regarding whether H2O molecules on the defect-free (110) surface of rutile ( -TiO2) sorb associatively, or there is dissociation of some or all first-layer water to produce hydroxyl surface sites. They conducted static density functional theory (DFT) and DFT molecular dynamics (DFT-MD) investigations using a range of cell configurations and functionals. We have reproduced their static DFT calculations of the influence of crystal slab thickness on water sorption energies. However, we disagree with several assertions made by these authors: (a) that second-layer water structuring and hydrogen bonding to surface oxygens and adsorbed water molecules are weak ; (b) that translational diffusion of water molecules in direct contact with the surface approaches that of bulk liquid water; and (c) that there is no dissociation of adsorbed water at this surface in contact with liquid water. These assertions directly contradict our publishedwork, which compared synchrotron x-ray crystal truncation rod, second harmonic generation, quasielastic neutron scattering, surface charge titration, and classical MD simulations of rutile (110) single-crystal surfaces and (110)-dominated powders in contact with bulk water, and (110)-dominated rutile nanoparticles with several monolayers of adsorbed water.

Wesolowski, David J [ORNL; Sofo, Jorge O. [Pennsylvania State University; Bandura, Andrei V. [St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia; Zhang, Zhan [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Mamontov, Eugene [ORNL; Predota, M. [University of South Bohemia, Czech Republic; Kumar, Nitin [ORNL; Kubicki, James D. [Pennsylvania State University; Kent, Paul R [ORNL; Vlcek, Lukas [ORNL; Machesky, Michael L. [Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, IL; Fenter, Paul [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Cummings, Peter T [ORNL; Anovitz, Lawrence {Larry} M [ORNL; Skelton, A A [Vanderbilt University; Rosenqvist, Jorgen K [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Detailed Hydration Maps of Benzene and Cyclohexane Reveal Distinct Water Structures Tanya M. Raschke* and Michael Levitt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of water to exclude apolar groups play a key role in the stabilization of protein native states,1Detailed Hydration Maps of Benzene and Cyclohexane Reveal Distinct Water Structures Tanya M of a single solute in water. Detailed, spatially resolved, three-dimensional maps of the density of the water

Raschke, Tanya M.

57

Why Is Nevada in Hot Water? Structural Controls and Tectonic Model of  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Why Is Nevada in Hot Water? Structural Controls and Tectonic Model of Why Is Nevada in Hot Water? Structural Controls and Tectonic Model of Geothermal Systems in the Northwestern Great Basin Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Why Is Nevada in Hot Water? Structural Controls and Tectonic Model of Geothermal Systems in the Northwestern Great Basin Abstract In the western Great Basin, the Walker Lane is a system of right-lateral strike-slip faults accommodating ~15-25% of relative motion between the Pacific and North American plates. Relatively high rates of recent (<10 Ma) west-northwest extension absorb northwestward declining dextral motion in the Walker Lane, diffusing that motion into the Basin-Range. Abundant geothermal fields cluster in several northeasttrending belts in the

58

Structure detection in a libration vibration spectrum of water molecules by methods of nonlinear optics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In exciting water possessing an enhanced optical strength by the radiation of a YAG : Nd{sup 3+} laser with 20-ps pulses, nonlinear scattering of light was detected in the frequency range of the optical second harmonic. A relationship was established of the signal of the nonlinear scattering with a stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) of the laser radiation in water. Near the SRS threshold, the structure was observed in the spectrum of nonlinear scattering, which is related to intermolecular libration vibrations of water molecules. (laser applications and other topics in quantum electronics)

Babenko, V A; Sychev, Andrei A [P N Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

59

Water and ice structure in the range 220 - 365K from radiation total scattering experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The past decade or so has witnessed a large number of articles about water structure. The most incisive experiments involve radiation with a wavelength compatible with the observed inter-molecular separations found in water, of order $\\sim 3$\\AA, in other words mostly $$10keV x-rays. Because x-rays are scattered by electrons while neutrons are scattered by nuclei, the two probes give complementary information about the three site-site radial distribution functions for water, namely O-O, O-H and H-H. Here a version of Monte Carlo simulation called Empirical Potential Structure Refinement is used to devise an empirical intermolecular potential which attempts to drive the simulated radial distribution functions as close as possible to the data. New x-ray and neutron scattering data on water in the temperature range 280 - 365K are presented for the first time, alongside a new analysis of some much older neutron data on ice 1h at 220K. This temperature analysis, above and below the water freezing point of water, r...

Soper, Alan K

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Water-mediated variability in the structure of relaxed-state haemoglobin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Partial dehydration of high-salt horse methaemoglobin crystals tends to shift the structure from the R state to the R2 state, in agreement with previous observations that movements in the molecule resulting from changes in water content mimic those involved in protein action.

Kaushal, P.S.

2008-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water intake structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

The influence of temperature on lysozyme crystals. Structure and dynamics of protein and water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lysozyme strtictures at six different temperatures in the range 95-295 K have been determined at a resolution of 1.7 Å. The temperature dependence of the structure of lysozyme together with properties of protein-bound water are analyzed.

Kurinov, I.V.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Structure and water permeability of fully hydrated diphytanoylPC Stephanie Tristram-Naglea,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2010 Keywords: Lipid bilayer structure Volume measurements X-ray scattering Neutron scattering Water-ray scattering from oriented samples, and X-ray and neutron scattering from unilamellar vesicles at T = 30 C. We analysis of neutron and X-ray scattering data. Biophys. J. 95, 2356­2367); this is substantially larger

Nagle, John F.

63

Structural Changes in the Mn(4)Ca Cluster And the Mechanism of Photosynthetic Water Splitting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Photosynthetic water oxidation, where water is oxidized to dioxygen, is a fundamental chemical reaction that sustains the biosphere. This reaction is catalyzed by a Mn{sub 4}Ca complex in the photosystem II (PS II) oxygen-evolving complex (OEC): a multiprotein assembly embedded in the thylakoid membranes of green plants, cyanobacteria, and algae. The mechanism of photosynthetic water oxidation by the Mn{sub 4}Ca cluster in photosystem II is the subject of much debate, although lacking structural characterization of the catalytic intermediates. Biosynthetically exchanged Ca/Sr-PS II preparations and x-ray spectroscopy, including extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS), allowed us to monitor Mn-Mn and Ca(Sr)-Mn distances in the four intermediate S states, S{sub 0} through S{sub 3}, of the catalytic cycle that couples the one-electron photochemistry occurring at the PS II reaction center with the four-electron water-oxidation chemistry taking place at the Mn{sub 4}Ca(Sr) cluster. We have detected significant changes in the structure of the complex, especially in the Mn-Mn and Ca(Sr)-Mn distances, on the S{sub 2}-to-S{sub 3} and S{sub 3}-to-S{sub 0} transitions. These results implicate the involvement of at least one common bridging oxygen atom between the Mn-Mn and Mn-Ca(Sr) atoms in the O-O bond formation. Because PS II cannot advance beyond the S{sub 2} state in preparations that lack Ca(Sr), these results show that Ca(Sr) is one of the critical components in the mechanism of the enzyme. The results also show that Ca is not just a spectator atom involved in providing a structural framework, but is actively involved in the mechanism of water oxidation and represents a rare example of a catalytically active Ca cofactor.

Pushkar, Y.; Yano, J.; Sauer, K.; Boussac, A.; Yachandra, V.K.

2009-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

64

Groundwater recharge estimates using a soil-water-balance model for the Powder River and Williston structural basins  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Groundwater recharge estimates using a soil-water-balance model for the Powder River and Williston for the lower Tertiary and Upper Cretaceous aquifer system in the Powder River and Williston structural basins in the Williston structural basin will require trillions of gallons of water from this aquifer system over the next

Torgersen, Christian

65

Layered Organic Structure at the Carbon Tetrachloride-Water Interface Dennis K. Hore, Dave S. Walker, and Geraldine L. Richmond*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Layered Organic Structure at the Carbon Tetrachloride-Water Interface Dennis K. Hore, Dave S remediation. The carbon tetrachloride-water interface in particular has been the subject of numerous the density profile across the interface. No detailed studies of the carbon tetrachloride structure

Richmond, Geraldine L.

66

The detection and modelling of surface thermal structures and ground water discharges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE DETECTION AND MODELLING DF SURFACE THERMAL STRUCTURES AND GROUND WATER DISCHARGES A Thesis by DOUGLAS YINCENT ROBERTS Subm1tted to the Graduate Col leqe of Texas A&M University in part1al fulf1llment of the requirements or the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August IgSS Major Subject: Geophys1cs THE DETECTION AND MODELLING OF SURFACE THERMAL STRUCTURES AND GROUND HATER DISCHARGES A Thesis DOUGLAS VINCENT ROBERTS Approved as to style and content by: Earl . oskins (Chair of Committee...

Roberts, Douglas Vincent

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

67

Special challenges in design and construction of concrete structures in shallow water and soft soil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper summarizes briefly the trends in offshore concrete structures in the North Sea and reviews the main decisive design requirements. General design process and foundation design with emphasis on soft soil conditions are described and discussed. Further the paper presents 3 gravity based concrete platforms for soft soil in 145 m, 75 m and 20 m water depths, respectively. Particulars on the construction site and work, and main items on project execution model are discussed.

Loset, O. [Kvaerner Concrete Construction, Hovik (Norway); Schroder, K. [Norwegian Geotechnical Inst., Oslo (Norway)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

68

Reactions of cobalt clusters with water and ammonia: Implications for cluster structure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Reactions of cobalt clusters in the 6 to 150 atom size range with water and ammonia are used to probe cluster geometrical structure. Clusters saturated with ammonia are found in several isomeric forms in much of this size region, including a structure based on icosahedral packing for clusters having 50 to 120 atoms. The variations with cluster size of the binding energy for a single water molecule provide evidence for icosahedral structure of the bare cobalt clusters in the same size range seen for the ammoniated clusters. However, both probes suggest that in many cases the bare clusters also have multiple isomers. The evidence for icosahedral structure in the bare and ammoniated clusters disappears above [similar to]120 atoms and is clearly not seen at the third icosahedral shell closing at 147 atoms. Comparison with earlier studies of hydrogenated cobalt clusters and with bare and hydrogenated nickel clusters is made. Reasons for the failure to form the closed-shell 147 atom icosahedral cluster are discussed.

Parks, E.K.; Klots, T.D.; Winter, B.J.; Riley, S.J. (Chemistry Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States))

1993-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

69

Protein folding mediated by solvation: water expelling and formation of the hydrophobic core occurs after the structure collapse  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The interplay between structure-search of the native structure and desolvation in protein folding has been explored using a minimalist model. These results support a folding mechanism where most of the structural formation of the protein is achieved before water is expelled from the hydrophobic core. This view integrates water expulsion effects into the funnel energy landscape theory of protein folding. Comparisons to experimental results are shown for the SH3 protein. After the folding transition, a near-native intermediate with partially solvated hydrophobic core is found. This transition is followed by a final step that cooperatively squeezes out water molecules from the partially hydrated protein core.

Margaret S. Cheung; Angel E. Garcia; Jose N. Onuchic

2002-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

70

Seafood Intake and Neurodevelopment: A Systematic Review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Exposure to fish intake is of particular interest for neurodevelopment. Seafood contains nutrients that are essential for brain development and function. Seafood is also a potential source of well- ... of the lit...

Claudia B. Avella-Garcia; Jordi Julvez

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Tunable structures and properties of electrospun regenerated silk fibroin mats annealed in water vapor at different times and temperatures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Regenerated silk fibroin (SF) mats were fabricated using electrospinning technique, followed by mild water vapor annealing to effectively tune the structures and improve the mechanical properties of the mats at different annealing times and temperatures. ...

Xiangyu Huang, Suna Fan, Alhadi Ibrahim Mohammed Altayp, Yaopeng Zhang, Huili Shao, Xuechao Hu, Minkai Xie, Yuemin Xu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Water channel structure of bassanite at high air humidity: crystal structure of CaSO4·0.625H2O  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the presence of high relative air humidity the crystal structure of CaSO4·0.5H2O transforms due to the incorporation of additional water of hydration. The crystal structure of CaSO4·0.625H2O was solved by single-crystal X-ray diffraction at 298 K with 75% relative air humidity.

Schmidt, H.

2011-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

73

Reconstruction of Long-Lived Radionuclide Intakes for Techa Riverside Residents: Cesium-137  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Radioactive contamination of the Techa River (Southern Urals, Russia) occurred from 1949–1956 due to routine and accidental releases of liquid radioactive wastes from the Mayak Production Association. The long-lived radionuclides in the releases were 90Sr and 137Cs. Contamination of the components of the Techa River system resulted in chronic external and internal exposure of about 30,000 residents of riverside villages. Data on radionuclide intake with diet are used to estimate internal dose in the Techa River Dosimetry System (TRDS), which was elaborated for the assessment of radiogenic risk for Techa Riverside residents. The 90Sri ntake function was recently improved taking into account the recently available archival data on radionuclide releases and in-depth analysis of the extensive data on 90Sr measurements in Techa Riverside residents. The main purpose of this paper is to evaluate the dietary intake of 137Cs by Techa Riverside residents. The 137Cs intake with river water used for drinking was reconstructed on the basis of the 90Sr intake-function and the concentration ratio 137Cs/90Sr in river water. Intake via 137Cs transfer from floodplain soil to grass and cows’ milk was evaluated for the first time. As a result, the maximal 137Cs intake level was indicated near the site of releases in upper-Techa River settlements (8,000–9,000 kBq). For villages located on the lower Techa River the 137Cs intake was significantly less (down to 300 kBq). Cows’ milk was the main source of 137Cs in diet in the upper-Techa.

Tolstykh, E. I.; Degteva, M. O.; Peremyslova, L. M.; Shagina, N. B.; Vorobiova, M. I.; Anspaugh, L. R.; Napier, Bruce A.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Organotin intake through fish consumption in Finland  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Background: Organotin compounds (OTCs) are a large class of synthetic chemicals with widely varying properties. Due to their potential adverse health effects, their use has been restricted in many countries. Humans are exposed to OTCs mostly through fish consumption. Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe OTC exposure through fish consumption and to assess the associated potential health risks in a Finnish population. Methods: An extensive sampling of Finnish domestic fish was carried out in the Baltic Sea and freshwater areas in 2005-2007. In addition, samples of imported seafood were collected in 2008. The chemical analysis was performed in an accredited testing laboratory during 2005-2008. Average daily intake of the sum of dibutyltin (DBT), tributyltin (TBT), triphenyltin (TPhT) and dioctyltin (DOT) ({Sigma}OTCs) for the Finnish population was calculated on the basis of the measured concentrations and fish consumption rates. Results: The average daily intake of {Sigma}OTCs through fish consumption was 3.2 ng/kg bw day{sup -1}, which is 1.3% from the Tolerable Daily Intake (TDI) of 250 ng/kg bw day{sup -1} set by the European Food Safety Authority. In total, domestic wild fish accounted for 61% of the {Sigma}OTC intake, while the intake through domestic farmed fish was 4.0% and the intake through imported fish was 35%. The most important species were domestic perch and imported salmon and rainbow trout. Conclusions: The Finnish consumers are not likely to exceed the threshold level for adverse health effects due to OTC intake through fish consumption.

Airaksinen, Riikka, E-mail: Riikka.Airaksinen@thl.fi [National Institute for Health and Welfare, Department of Environmental Health, P.O. Box 95, FI-70701 Kuopio (Finland)] [National Institute for Health and Welfare, Department of Environmental Health, P.O. Box 95, FI-70701 Kuopio (Finland); Rantakokko, Panu; Turunen, Anu W.; Vartiainen, Terttu [National Institute for Health and Welfare, Department of Environmental Health, P.O. Box 95, FI-70701 Kuopio (Finland)] [National Institute for Health and Welfare, Department of Environmental Health, P.O. Box 95, FI-70701 Kuopio (Finland); Vuorinen, Pekka J.; Lappalainen, Antti; Vihervuori, Aune [Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute, Helsinki (Finland)] [Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute, Helsinki (Finland); Mannio, Jaakko [Finnish Environment Institute, Helsinki (Finland)] [Finnish Environment Institute, Helsinki (Finland); Hallikainen, Anja [Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira, Helsinki (Finland)] [Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira, Helsinki (Finland)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

75

Water Structure at the Air-Aqueous Interface of Divalent Cation and Nitrate Solutions Man Xu, Rick Spinney, and Heather C. Allen*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water Structure at the Air-Aqueous Interface of Divalent Cation and Nitrate Solutions Man Xu, Rick, Columbus, Ohio 43210 ReceiVed: July 24, 2008; ReVised Manuscript ReceiVed: December 4, 2008 The water surface structure of aqueous magnesium, calcium, and strontium nitrate solutions with six to seven water

76

Lightweight concrete materials and structural systems for water tanks for thermal storage. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermally efficient hot water storage tanks were designed, fabricated and evaluated. The tanks were made using cellular concrete at a nominal density of 100 lb/ft/sup 3/ for the structural elements and at a 30 lb/ft/sup 3/ density for the insulating elements. Thermal performance testing of the tanks was done using a static decay test since the test procedure specified in ASHRAE 94-77 was not experimentally practical. A series of composition modifications to the cellular concrete mix were investigated and the addition of alkaline resistant glass fibers was found to enhance the mechanical properties at no sacrifice in thermal behavior. Economic analysis indicated that cellular concrete provides a cost-effective insulating material. The total portability of the plant for producing cellular concrete makes cellular concrete amenable to on-site fabrication and uniquely adaptable to retrofit applications.

Buckman, R.W. Jr.; Elia, G.G.; Ichikawa, Y.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Structured water in polyelectrolyte dendrimers: Understanding small angle neutron scattering results through atomistic simulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Based on atomistic molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, the small angle neutron scattering (SANS) intensity behavior of a single generation-4 (G4) polyelectrolyte polyamidoamine (PAMAM) starburst dendrimer is investigated at different levels of molecular protonation. The SANS form factor, P(Q), and Debye autocorrelation function, (r), are calculated from the equilibrium MD trajectory based on a mathematical approach proposed in this work which provides a link between the neutron scattering experiment and MD computation. The simulations enable scattering calculations of not only the hydrocarbons, but also the contribution to the scattering length density fluctuations caused by structured, confined water within the dendrimer. Based on our computational results, we question the validity of using radius of gyration RG for microstructure characterization of a polyelectrolyte dendrimer from the scattering perspective.

Chen, Wei-Ren [ORNL; Do, Changwoo [ORNL; Hong, Kunlun [ORNL; Liu, Emily [Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI); Liu, Yun [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Porcar, L. [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Smith, Gregory Scott [ORNL; Wu, Bin [ORNL; Egami, T [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Smith, Sean C [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Understanding barotrauma in fish passing hydro structures: a global strategy for sustainable development of water resources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Freshwater fishes are one of the most imperiled groups of vertebrates and species declines have been linked to a number of anthropogenic influences. This is alarming as the diversity and stability of populations are at risk. In addition, freshwater fish serve as important protein sources, particularly in developing countries. One of the focal activities thought to influence freshwater fish population declines is water resource development, which is anticipated to increase over the next several decades. For fish encountering hydro structures, such as passing through hydroturbines, there may be a rapid decrease in pressure which can lead to injuries commonly referred to as barotraumas. The authors summarize the research to date that has examined the effects of rapid pressure changes on fish and outline the most important factors to consider (i.e., swim bladder morphology, depth of acclimation, migration pattern and life stage) when examining the susceptibility of barotraumas for fish of interest.

Brown, Richard S.; Colotelo, Alison HA; Pflugrath, Brett D.; Boys, Craig A.; Baumgartner, Lee J.; Deng, Zhiqun; Silva, Luiz G.; Brauner, Colin J.; Mallen-Cooper, Martin; Phonekhampeng, Oudom; Thorncraft, Garry; Singhanouvong, Douangkham

2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

79

Electronic structure effects in liquid water studied by photoelectron spectroscopy and density functional theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

early electronic structure calculations (26) . The splittingbroadening. Electronic structure calculations using orbital

Nordlund, Dennis

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

The response of rigid plates to blast in deep water: fluid–structure interaction experiments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...speed of sound of water, respectively...is dictated by conservation of linear momentum...creating an extending pool of cavitated water. In figure-6...radiated into the water column in contact...Now write conservation of linear momentum...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water intake structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Effects of water chemistry on NF/RO membrane structure and performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1.1.1. Drinking water…………………………. ……………………. … 1.1.2.concern (CEC’s) in drinking water………… 2.1.1. Classes ofOther Nitrosamines - Drinking Water Issues, in, 2011. [4

Mo, Yibing

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Study on Energy Efficiency Evaluation Method of Cooling Water System of Surface Water Source Heat Pump  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Water source heat pump system is a green air-conditioning system which has high efficiency, energy saving, and environmental protection, but inappropriate design of the system type of water intake will impact on ...

Jibo Long; Siyi Huang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Intake retention functions and derived investigation levels for selected radioelements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an element is preferentially excreted via feces, as in clearance of class Y material from the lung. In addition, the ICRP recommends its use in special investigations, particularly following a known or suspected intake by inhalation of class W or Y.... INHALATION I RACTION OF INTAKE 2. 12. INDOS TECHNIQUE. 3. DEVELOPMENT . . . . . 19 . . . 26 . . . 29 . . . 30 Page 3. 1. ELEMENTS. . 3. 2. INTAKE PATHWAY. 3. 3. METABOLIC DATA. . 3. 4. EXCRETION DATA. . . 3. S. INTAKE DATA. 4. RESULTS...

Buitron Sanchez, Susana

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

84

Characterization of Bacterial Community Structure in a Drinking Water Distribution System during an Occurrence of Red Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...red water libraries, we developed...obtained from public databases...four clone libraries of this study...obtained from the public databases...introducing My RDP space and quality controlled public data. Nucleic...metagenomic and PCR libraries from the Delaware...

Dong Li; Zheng Li; Jianwei Yu; Nan Cao; Ruyin Liu; Min Yang

2010-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

85

The intrinsic interfacial structure of ionic surfactant monolayers at water–oil and water–vapour interfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...surfactant-vacuum and SDS-oil interfaces using the SDS...features a delta function peak at the CH3 position...figure-1 a shows that the oil molecules have a negligible...by the presence of the oil. The water molecules...region (z0), there is a peak in the density profile...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Structure and Electronic Configurations of the Intermediates of Water Oxidation in Blue Ruthenium Dimer Catalysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Catalytic O{sub 2} evolution with cis,cis-[(bpy){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O)Ru{sup III}ORu{sup III}(OH{sub 2})(bpy){sub 2}]{sup 4+} (bpy is 2,2-bipyridine), the so-called blue dimer, the first designed water oxidation catalyst, was monitored by UV-vis, EPR, and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) with ms time resolution. Two processes were identified, one of which occurs on a time scale of 100 ms to a few seconds and results in oxidation of the catalyst with the formation of an intermediate, here termed [3,4]'. A slower process occurring on the time scale of minutes results in the decay of this intermediate and O{sub 2} evolution. Spectroscopic data suggest that within the fast process there is a short-lived transient intermediate, which is a precursor of [3,4]'. When excess oxidant was used, a highly oxidized form of the blue dimer [4,5] was spectroscopically resolved within the time frame of the fast process. Its structure and electronic state were confirmed by EPR and XAS. As reported earlier, the [3,4]' intermediate likely results from reaction of [4,5] with water. While it is generated under strongly oxidizing conditions, it does not display oxidation of the Ru centers past [3,4] according to EPR and XAS. EXAFS analysis demonstrates a considerably modified ligand environment in [3,4]'. Raman measurements confirmed the presence of the O-O fragment by detecting a new vibration band in [3,4]' that undergoes a 46 cm{sup -1} shift to lower energy upon {sup 16}O/{sup 18}O exchange. Under the conditions of the experiment at pH 1, the [3,4]' intermediate is the catalytic steady state form of the blue dimer catalyst, suggesting that its oxidation is the rate-limiting step.

Moonshiram, Dooshaye; Jurss, Jonah W.; Concepcion, Javier J.; Zakharova, Taisiya; Alperovich, Igor; Meyer, Thomas J.; Pushkar, Yulia (Purdue); (UNC)

2013-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

87

Diverse and tunable electronic structures of single-layer metal phosphorus trichalcogenides for photocatalytic water splitting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The family of bulk metal phosphorus trichalcogenides (APX{sub 3}, A = M{sup II}, M{sub 0.5}{sup I}M{sub 0.5}{sup III}; X = S, Se; M{sup I}, M{sup II}, and M{sup III} represent Group-I, Group-II, and Group-III metals, respectively) has attracted great attentions because such materials not only own magnetic and ferroelectric properties, but also exhibit excellent properties in hydrogen storage and lithium battery because of the layered structures. Many layered materials have been exfoliated into two-dimensional (2D) materials, and they show distinct electronic properties compared with their bulks. Here we present a systematical study of single-layer metal phosphorus trichalcogenides by density functional theory calculations. The results show that the single layer metal phosphorus trichalcogenides have very low formation energies, which indicates that the exfoliation of single layer APX{sub 3} should not be difficult. The family of single layer metal phosphorus trichalcogenides exhibits a large range of band gaps from 1.77 to 3.94 eV, and the electronic structures are greatly affected by the metal or the chalcogenide atoms. The calculated band edges of metal phosphorus trichalcogenides further reveal that single-layer ZnPSe{sub 3}, CdPSe{sub 3}, Ag{sub 0.5}Sc{sub 0.5}PSe{sub 3}, and Ag{sub 0.5}In{sub 0.5}PX{sub 3} (X = S and Se) have both suitable band gaps for visible-light driving and sufficient over-potentials for water splitting. More fascinatingly, single-layer Ag{sub 0.5}Sc{sub 0.5}PSe{sub 3} is a direct band gap semiconductor, and the calculated optical absorption further convinces that such materials own outstanding properties for light absorption. Such results demonstrate that the single layer metal phosphorus trichalcogenides own high stability, versatile electronic properties, and high optical absorption, thus such materials have great chances to be high efficient photocatalysts for water-splitting.

Liu, Jian [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, Hunan (China) [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, Hunan (China); Beijing Computational Science Research Center, Beijing 100084 (China); College of Electrical and Information Engineering, Hunan Institute of Engineering, Xiangtan 411105, Hunan (China); Li, Xi-Bo; Wang, Da; Liu, Li-Min, E-mail: ppeng@hnu.edu.cn, E-mail: limin.liu@csrc.ac.cn [Beijing Computational Science Research Center, Beijing 100084 (China)] [Beijing Computational Science Research Center, Beijing 100084 (China); Lau, Woon-Ming [Beijing Computational Science Research Center, Beijing 100084 (China) [Beijing Computational Science Research Center, Beijing 100084 (China); Chengdu Green Energy and Green Manufacturing Technology R and D Center, Chengdu, Sichuan 610207 (China); Peng, Ping, E-mail: ppeng@hnu.edu.cn, E-mail: limin.liu@csrc.ac.cn [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, Hunan (China)] [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, Hunan (China)

2014-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

88

Water Dynamics in Nafion Fuel Cell Membranes: The Effects of Confinement and Structural Changes on the Hydrogen Bond Network  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

emissions energy source is hydrogen. Hydrogen powered vehicles using polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells and hydrophilic aggregates.1-4 Hydrogen fuel cells operate through the oxidation of hydrogen gas at the anodeWater Dynamics in Nafion Fuel Cell Membranes: The Effects of Confinement and Structural Changes

Fayer, Michael D.

89

Journal of Fluids and Structures 22 (2006) 135171 Water hammer with column separation: A historical review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in fully filled pipelines. This may occur in a water-hammer event when the pressure in a pipeline drops worse: in one water-hammer event many repetitions of cavity formation and collapse may occur. This paper-sectional pipe area (m2 ) a pressure wave speed (m/s) B constant in water-hammer compatibility equations (s/m2

Tijsseling, A.S.

90

The structure and spectroscopy of monolayers of water on MgO: An ab initio study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

states in which one third of the water molecules were dissociated. In the more stable of the physisorbed states, the water molecules were not all parallel to the surface, but some showed hydrogen bonding with surface oxygen ions. Even in the physisorbed state, the geometry of these surface H-bonded water molecules

Alavi, Ali

91

Lithium vanadyl oxalatophosphite: Influence of the water content on the crystal structures and the dehydration scheme  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two new lithium vanadyl oxalatophosphites have been synthesized by hydrothermal treatment. The respective formula are Li{sub 2}(VOHPO{sub 3}){sub 2}C{sub 2}O{sub 4} 6H{sub 2}O (1) and Li{sub 2}(VOHPO{sub 3}){sub 2}C{sub 2}O{sub 4} 4H{sub 2}O (2). The structures of the compounds have been determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. Compound 1 crystallizes in triclinic symmetry in space group P-1, a=6.3592(2) Å, b=8.0789(3) Å, c=9.1692(3) Å, ?=64.390(2), ?=87.277(2)°, ?=67.624(2) and, compound 2 in monoclinic symmetry, space group P2{sub 1}/a, a=6.3555(2) Å b=12.6368(7) Å c=9.0242(4) Å ?=105.167(3)°. The vanadium phosphite framework consists of infinite chains of corner-sharing vanadium octahedra and hydrogenophosphite tetrahedra. The oxalate groups ensure the connection between the chains. The lithium ions and the water molecules are located between the anionic [(VO){sub 2}(HPO{sub 3}){sub 2}C{sub 2}O{sub 4}]{sup 2?} layers. Thermal behavior of both compounds was carefully studied by combining thermogravimetric analyses and thermal dependant X-ray diffraction in order to study the thermal stability of the layered oxalatophosphites and to see the influence of the decomposition of the carbon-based anions into the final lithium vanadyl phosphate. Various intermediate phases were evidenced and for both compounds the final product was LiVOPO{sub 4}. -- Graphical abstract: Two new lithium vanadyl oxalatophosphites layered compounds, Li{sub 2} (VOHPO{sub 3}){sub 2}C{sub 2}O{sub 4} 6H{sub 2}O (1) and Li{sub 2} (VOHPO{sub 3}){sub 2}C{sub 2}O{sub 4} 4H{sub 2}O (2) have been hydrothermally synthesized. Lithium ions and water molecules are located between the anionic [(VO){sub 2}(HPO{sub 3}){sub 2}C{sub 2}O{sub 4}]{sup 2?} layers. Thermal behaviors were carefully studied by thermogravimetric and thermal dependant X-ray diffraction. Various intermediate phases were evidenced and for both compounds the final product was LiVOPO{sub 4}. Highlights: • The first lithium vanadium oxalatophosphite have been synthesized hydrothermally. • The structure of these compounds is related to vanadium oxalato-phosphates. • Hydrogen bonding in starting material influences the intermediate phase structures. • Thermal decomposition evidences two Li{sub 2}[(VO){sub 2}(HPO{sub 3}){sub 2}C{sub 2}O{sub 4}] anhydrous polymorphs.

Auguste, S.; Alonzo, V. [Sciences Chimiques de Rennes, UMR 6226, Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Rennes, CNRS, 11 Allée de Beaulieu, CS 50837, 35708 Rennes Cedex 7 (France); Université Européenne de Bretagne, 12 avenue Janvier, 35000 Rennes (France); Bataille, T. [Sciences Chimiques de Rennes, UMR 6226, Université de Rennes 1, CNRS, Campus de Beaulieu, 35042 Rennes Cedex (France); Université Européenne de Bretagne, 12 avenue Janvier, 35000 Rennes (France); Le Pollès, L. [Sciences Chimiques de Rennes, UMR 6226, Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Rennes, CNRS, 11 Allée de Beaulieu, CS 50837, 35708 Rennes Cedex 7 (France); Université Européenne de Bretagne, 12 avenue Janvier, 35000 Rennes (France); Cañón-Mancisidor, W.; Venegas-Yazigi, D. [Facultad de Quimia y Biologia, Universitad de Santiago de Chile, USACH, Casilla, 40 Correo 33, Santiago (Chile); Centro para el Desarrollo de Nanociencias y Nanotecnología, CEDENNA (Chile); Le Fur, E., E-mail: eric.le-fur@ensc-rennes.fr [Sciences Chimiques de Rennes, UMR 6226, Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Rennes, CNRS, 11 Allée de Beaulieu, CS 50837, 35708 Rennes Cedex 7 (France); Université Européenne de Bretagne, 12 avenue Janvier, 35000 Rennes (France)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

92

Does Water Play a Structural Role in the Folding of Small Nucleic Acids? Eric J. Sorin,* Young Min Rhee,* and Vijay S. Pande*yz  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Does Water Play a Structural Role in the Folding of Small Nucleic Acids? Eric J. Sorin,* Young Min Rhee,* and Vijay S. Pande*yz Departments of *Chemistry and y Structural Biology, and z Stanford character of the solvent. Here we consider what role the discrete properties of water and ions play

Sorin, Eric J.

93

Thermal desalination : structural optimization and integration in clean power and water .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??A large number of resources are dedicated to seawater desalination and will only grow as world-wide water scarcity increases. In arid areas with high temperature… (more)

Zak, Gina Marie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Derivative fluorimetry analysis of new cluster structures formed by ethanol and water molecules  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ultraviolet (UV) light excited fluorescence spectra of ethanol-water mixture with different concentrations are investigated by derivative fluorimetry. It is found that there...

Wu, Bin; Liu, Ying; Han, Caiqin; Luo, Xiaosen; Lu, Jian; Ni, Xiaowu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Ab initio Equation of State data for hydrogen, helium, and water and the internal structure of Jupiter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The equation of state of hydrogen, helium, and water effects interior structure models of giant planets significantly. We present a new equation of state data table, LM-REOS, generated by large scale quantum molecular dynamics simulations for hydrogen, helium, and water in the warm dense matter regime, i.e.for megabar pressures and temperatures of several thousand Kelvin, and by advanced chemical methods in the complementary regions. The influence of LM-REOS on the structure of Jupiter is investigated and compared with state-of-the-art results within a standard three-layer model consistent with astrophysical observations of Jupiter. Our new Jupiter models predict an important impact of mixing effects of helium in hydrogen with respect to an altered compressibility and immiscibility.

N. Nettelmann; B. Holst; A. Kietzmann; M. French; R. Redmer; D. Blaschke

2007-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

96

Assessing the efficiency of combined use of surface water and groundwater for process water supply to Kalininskaya NPP  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The potential improvement of the reliability of process water supply system is discussed for the case of an important power facility with the use of combined water intake systems. Hydrological simulation is us...

M. V. Bolgov; R. S. Shtengelov; A. A. Maslov; E. A. Filimonova

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

The Individual and Collective Effects of Exact Exchange and Dispersion Interactions on the Ab Initio Structure of Liquid Water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work, we report the results of a series of density functional theory (DFT) based ab initio molecular dynamics (AIMD) simulations of ambient liquid water using a hierarchy of exchange-correlation (XC) functionals to investigate the individual and collective effects of exact exchange (Exx), via the PBE0 hybrid functional, non-local vdW/dispersion interactions, via a fully self-consistent density-dependent dispersion correction, and approximate nuclear quantum effects (aNQE), via a 30 K increase in the simulation temperature, on the microscopic structure of liquid water. Based on these AIMD simulations, we found that the collective inclusion of Exx, vdW, and aNQE as resulting from a large-scale AIMD simulation of (H$_2$O)$_{128}$ at the PBE0+vdW level of theory, significantly softens the structure of ambient liquid water and yields an oxygen-oxygen structure factor, $S_{\\rm OO}(Q)$, and corresponding oxygen-oxygen radial distribution function, $g_{\\rm OO}(r)$, that are now in quantitative agreement with the best available experimental data. This level of agreement between simulation and experiment as demonstrated herein originates from an increase in the relative population of water molecules in the interstitial region between the first and second coordination shells, a collective reorganization in the liquid phase which is facilitated by a weakening of the hydrogen bond strength by the use of the PBE0 hybrid XC functional, coupled with a relative stabilization of the resultant disordered liquid water configurations by the inclusion of non-local vdW/dispersion interactions.

Robert A. DiStasio Jr.; Biswajit Santra; Zhaofeng Li; Xifan Wu; Roberto Car

2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

98

U.S. Department of Energy Wind and Water Power Program Funding...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

the intake maintenance device, minimizing the need for burning debris, and thus reducing air pollution. continued > WIND AND WATER POWER TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE 4 Table 1: FY 2008 -...

99

The Individual and Collective Effects of Exact Exchange and Dispersion Interactions on the Ab Initio Structure of Liquid Water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work, we report the results of a series of density functional theory (DFT) based ab initio molecular dynamics (AIMD) simulations of ambient liquid water using a hierarchy of exchange-correlation (XC) functionals to investigate the individual and collective effects of exact exchange (Exx), via the PBE0 hybrid functional, non-local vdW/dispersion interactions, via a fully self-consistent density-dependent dispersion correction, and approximate nuclear quantum effects (aNQE), via a 30 K increase in the simulation temperature, on the microscopic structure of liquid water. Based on these AIMD simulations, we found that the collective inclusion of Exx, vdW, and aNQE as resulting from a large-scale AIMD simulation of (H$_2$O)$_{128}$ at the PBE0+vdW level of theory, significantly softens the structure of ambient liquid water and yields an oxygen-oxygen structure factor, $S_{\\rm OO}(Q)$, and corresponding oxygen-oxygen radial distribution function, $g_{\\rm OO}(r)$, that are now in quantitative agreement with ...

DiStasio, Robert A; Li, Zhaofeng; Wu, Xifan; Car, Roberto

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Relationships between circadian rhythms and ethanol intake in mice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4.2.3. Ethanol Vapor Sessions . . . . . . . . .4.2.4.scheduling a?ects subsequent voluntary ethanol 2.1.of circadian period to ethanol intake . . . . . . . . . .

Trujillo, Jennifer L.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water intake structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Intake fraction of nonreactive vehicle emissions in US urban areas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

transfer factors for air pollution health risk assessment.better understanding of air pollution health effects. IntakeFuel combustion, air pollution exposure, and health: The

Marshall, Julian D.; Teoh, Soon-Kay; Nazaroff, William W.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Structure and Depletion at Fluorocarbon and Hydrocarbon/Water Liquid/Liquid Interfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The results of x-ray reflectivity studies of two oil/water (liquid/liquid) interfaces are inconsistent with recent predictions of the presence of a vaporlike depletion region at hydrophobic/aqueous interfaces. One of the oils, perfluorohexane, is a fluorocarbon whose superhydrophobic interface with water provides a stringent test for the presence of a depletion layer. The other oil, heptane, is a hydrocarbon and, therefore, is more relevant to the study of biomolecular hydrophobicity. These results are consistent with the subangstrom proximity of water to soft hydrophobic materials.

Kaoru Kashimoto; Jaesung Yoon; Binyang Hou; Chiu-hao Chen; Binhua Lin; Makoto Aratono; Takanori Takiue; Mark L. Schlossman

2008-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

103

Structure and dynamics of TIP3P, TIP4P, and TIP5P water near smooth and atomistic walls of different hydroaffinity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We perform molecular dynamics simulations to observe the structure and dynamics of water using different water models (TIP3P, TIP4P, TIP5P) at ambient conditions, constrained by planar walls, which are either modeled by smooth potentials or regular atomic lattices, imitating the honeycomb-structure of graphene. We implement walls of different hydroaffinity, different lattice constant, and different types of interaction with the water molecules. We find that in the hydrophobic regime the smooth wall generally represents a good abstraction of the atomically rough walls, while in the hydrophilic regime there are noticeable differences in structure and dynamics between all stages of wall roughness. For a small lattice constant however the smooth and the atomically rough wall still share a number of structural and dynamical similarities. Out of the three water models, TIP5P water shows the largest degree of tetrahedral ordering and is often the one that is least perturbed by the presence of the wall.

Harrach, Michael F., E-mail: harrach@fkp.tu-darmstadt.de; Drossel, Barbara [Institut für Festkörperphysik, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Hochschulstr. 6, 64289 Darmstadt (Germany)] [Institut für Festkörperphysik, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Hochschulstr. 6, 64289 Darmstadt (Germany)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

104

Mechanically and structurally robust sulfonated block copolymer membranes for water purification applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effective removal of ionic pollutants from contaminated water using negatively charged nanofiltration membranes is demonstrated. Block copolymers comprising polystyrene (PS) and partially hydrogenated polyisoprene (hPI) were synthesized by varying chain architectures. A one step procedure of cross-linking (hPI blocks) and sulfonation reactions (PS chains) was then carried out, which was revealed as an effective method to enhance mechanical integrity of membranes while hydrophilic sulfonated chains remain intact. In particular, the control of chain architecture allows us to create a synergetic effect on optimizing charge densities of the membrane, water permeability, and mechanical integrity under water purification conditions. The best performing membrane can almost completely (>99%) reject various divalent cations and also show NO3? rejection > 85% and Na+ rejection > 87%. Well defined nanostructures (tens of nanometers) as well as the periodically arranged water domains (a few nanometers) within hydrophilic phases of the hydrated membranes were confirmed by in situ neutron scattering experiments.

J Yeo; S Y Kim; S Kim; D Y Ryu; T-H Kim; M J Park

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Hierarchically structured TIO2 nanorod spheres for clean water and energy production.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This study focuses on the synthesis of hierarchical TiO2 nanorod spheres for photocatalytic clean water and energy production. TiO2 nanorod spheres were firstly synthesized by… (more)

Bai, Hongwei

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

NMR Solution Structure of Attractin, a Water-Borne Protein Pheromone from the Mollusk Aplysia californica  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The REDAC procedure (34) was applied in the final cycles to increase the convergence of the bundle of structures. ... After 63 NOAH/DIAMOD cycles, using REDAC procedures in the last 8 cycles, and final FANTOM constrained energy minimization, a bundle of 20 structures with the smallest target functions has a RMSD of 0.81 Å for backbone atoms and 1.11 Å for all heavy atoms to the mean structure. ... Biol., 186, 611) is described, which makes use of redundant dihedral angle constraints (REDAC) derived from preliminary calculations of the complete structure. ...

Ravindranath Garimella; Yuan Xu; Catherine H. Schein; Krishna Rajarathnam; Gregg T. Nagle; Sherry D. Painter; Werner Braun

2003-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

107

Effects of Water Content and Alumino-Silicate Sources on the Structure and Properties of Geopolymers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geopolymers (GPs) are a special class of inorganic polymers with unique properties. Their 3-D amorphous structure and properties are often attributed to SiO2/Al2O3 molar ratios. However; contradictory results reported in literature on the structure...

Lizcano, Maricela

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

108

Experience in operating large seawater intakes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1. Modeling of the cooling capacity of a water area without consideration of the weather and ice conditions does...

G. M. Kuzovlev

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

The Integration of a Structural Water-Gas-Shift Catalyst with a Vanadium Alloy Hydrogen Transport Device  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9 9 The InTegraTIon of a STrucTural WaTer- gaS-ShIfT caTalyST WITh a VanadIum alloy hydrogen TranSporT deVIce Description The purpose of this project is to produce a scalable device that simultaneously performs both water-gas-shift (WGS) and hydrogen separation from a coal-derived synthesis gas stream. The justification of such a system is the improved efficiency for the overall production of hydrogen. Removing hydrogen from the synthesis gas (syngas) stream allows the WGS reaction to convert more carbon monoxide (CO) to carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) and maximizes the total hydrogen produced. An additional benefit is the reduction in capital cost of plant construction due to the removal of one step in the process by integrating WGS with the membrane separation device.

110

Structures and charging of alpha-alumina (0001)/water interfaces studies by sum-frequency vibrational spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sum-frequency vibrational spectroscopy in the OH stretch region was employed to study structures of water/{alpha}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} (0001) interfaces at different pH values. Observed spectra indicate that protonation and deprotonation of the alumina surface dominate at low and high pH, respectively, with the interface positively and negatively charged accordingly. The point of zero charge (p.z.c.) appears at pH {approx}6.3, which is close to the values obtained from streaming potential and second harmonic generation studies. It is significantly lower than the p.z.c. of alumina powder. The result can be understood from the pK values of protonation and deprotonation at the water/{alpha}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} (0001) interface. The p.z.c. of amorphous alumina was found to be similar to that of powder alumina.

Zhang, L.; Tian, C.; Waychunas, G.A.; Shen, Y.R.

2008-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

111

Water Molecules Hydrogen Bonding to Aromatic Acceptors of Amino Acids: the Structure of Tyr-Tyr-Phe Dihydrate and a Crystallographic Database Study on Peptides  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the crystal structure of Tyr-Tyr-Phe dihydrate, one of the water molecules forms a hydrogen bond with the Phe side chain. In a database study four related examples in peptides are found.

Steiner, T.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Nanoparticle diffusion probing of the structure of water and aqueous organic solutions near a porous surface and in its bulk in a wide temperature interval  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Scattering of laser radiation by nanoparticles (latex balls and silver nanoparticles) is investigated in a wide temperature interval. It is demonstrated that water is structured near the porous surface of a solid...

V. V. Bryukhanov; I. G. Samusev; A. M. Ivanov; N. A. Myslitskaya

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

E-Print Network 3.0 - assessing dietary intake Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

F1... intake (the intake target') for protein and carbohydrate, (ii) the nature of trade-offs between over... regulated their intake of protein and carbohydrate to a similar...

114

COOLING WATER ISSUES AND OPPORTUNITIES AT U.S. NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report has been prepared for the Department of Energy, Office of Nuclear Energy (DOE-NE), for the purpose of providing a status report on the challenges and opportunities facing the U.S. commercial nuclear energy industry in the area of plant cooling water supply. The report was prompted in part by recent Second Circuit and Supreme Court decisions regarding cooling water system designs at existing thermo-electric power generating facilities in the U.S. (primarily fossil and nuclear plants). At issue in the courts have been Environmental Protection Agency regulations that define what constitutes “Best Technology Available” for intake structures that withdraw cooling water that is used to transfer and reject heat from the plant’s steam turbine via cooling water systems, while minimizing environmental impacts on aquatic life in nearby water bodies used to supply that cooling water. The report was also prompted by a growing recognition that cooling water availability and societal use conflicts are emerging as strategic energy and environmental issues, and that research and development (R&D) solutions to emerging water shortage issues are needed. In particular, cooling water availability is an important consideration in siting decisions for new nuclear power plants, and is an under-acknowledged issue in evaluating the pros and cons of retrofitting cooling towers at existing nuclear plants. Because of the significant ongoing research on water issues already being performed by industry, the national laboratories and other entities, this report relies heavily on ongoing work. In particular, this report has relied on collaboration with the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), including its recent work in the area of EPA regulations governing intake structures in thermoelectric cooling water systems.

Gary Vine

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Effect of Elevated CO2 Concentration on Leaf Structure of Brassica Juncea under Water Stress  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Study on the effect of elevated CO2 concentration on leaf structure of Brassica juncea L. cv. Bio-141 (95) under moisture stress revealed, that CO2 elevated to 600 ?mol mol?1 increased the length of epidermal cel...

D.C. Uprety; N. Dwivedi; R. Mohan; G. Paswan

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

P solid-state NMR studies of the dependence of inter-bilayer water dynamics on lipid headgroup structure and membrane peptides  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2D 1 H­31 P solid-state NMR studies of the dependence of inter-bilayer water dynamics on lipid Revised 29 September 2008 Available online 5 October 2008 Keywords: Water Lipid membranes Solid-state NMR headgroup structure and membrane peptides Tim Doherty, Mei Hong * Department of Chemistry, Iowa State

Hong, Mei

117

WATER PURITY DEVELOPMENT FOR THE COUPLED CAVITY LINAC (CCL) AND DRIFT TUBE LINAC (DTL) STRUCTURES OF THE SPALLATION NEUTRON SOURCE (SNS) LINAC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) is a facility being designed for scientific and industrial research and development. SNS will generate and use neutrons as a diagnostic tool for medical purposes, material science, etc. The neutrons will be produced by bombarding a heavy metal target with a high-energy beam of protons, generated and accelerated with a linear particle accelerator, or linac. The low energy end of the linac consists of two room temperature copper structures, the drift tube linac (DTL), and the coupled cavity linac (CCL). Both of these accelerating structures use large amounts of electrical energy to accelerate the proton beam. Approximately 60-80% of the electrical energy is dissipated in the copper structure and must be removed. This is done using specifically designed water cooling passages within the linac's copper structure. Cooling water is supplied to these cooling passages by specially designed resonance control and water cooling systems. One of the primary components in the DTL and CCL water cooling systems, is a water purification system that is responsible for minimizing erosion, corrosion, scaling, biological growth, and hardware activation. The water purification system consists of filters, ion exchange resins, carbon beds, an oxygen scavenger, a UV source, and diagnostic instrumentation. This paper reviews related issues associated with water purification and describes the mechanical design of the SNS Linac water purification system.

D. KATONAK; J. BERNARDIN; S. HOPKINS

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Long-Term Succession of Structure and Diversity of a Biofilm Formed in a Model Drinking Water Distribution System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

formation in a model drinking water distribution system. J.and activity in drinking water distribution networks underbacterial species from drinking water biofilms and proof of

Martiny, A. C; Jorgensen, T. M; Albrechtsen, H.-J.; Arvin, E.; Molin, S.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Probabilistic modeling of the corrosion of steel structures in marine water-development works  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Considering that corrosion takes place as a random process over time, a a probabilistic approach was utilized in this paper. The corrosion of metallic sheet piling employed in the fascia wall of a bulwerk is considered as an example. A stochastic model is constructed on the base of a modified Weibull distribution function with consideration of parameters of the corrosion process as a function of time. One of the factors defining the corrosion rate of the sheet piling is the degree of access of a section of the wall to the zone of variable water level, or the underwater zone. The type of corrosion-continuous or local-is another factor. The accuracy of corrosion prediction in the underwater zone is higher than that in the zone of variable water level.

Bekker, A. T.; Lyubimov, V. S.; Kovalenko, R. G.; Aleksandrov, A. V.

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

120

E-Print Network 3.0 - adequate intakes Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in the metabolic processing of nutrient intake. Absolute model response... the accuracy of predicting the energetic efficiency of utilizing nutrient intake, as this is...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water intake structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

AIR-FLOW STRUCTURE IN THE VERY CLOSE VICINITY OF WIND GENERATED WATER-WAVES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to : , with the air-density, u and w the horizontal and vertical components of the wind speed, u* the friction and the viscous drag at the sea sur- face, we build two new microphysical devices: 1) the wind-speed vertical of the vertical profile of the normalized phase-averaged wind-speed in the air-viscous layer (1mm above water

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

122

Infrared Pump–Probe Study of Nanoconfined Water Structure in Reverse Micelle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the cases of the HN3 molecules in bulk water as well as in large RMs, the azido IR PP signal does not completely decay to zero due to the local heating contribution to the PP signal. ... This libration decay rate is consistent with the results of previous IR pump-probe measurement analyses for the appearance of heat following excitation resonant with the bend or stretch fundamentals. ...

Jooyong Lee; Micha? Maj; Kyungwon Kwak; Minhaeng Cho

2014-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

123

High Throughput Identification, Purification and Structural Characterization of Water Soluble Protein Complexes in Desulfovibrio vulgaris  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Our scheme for the tagless purification of water soluble complexes. 10 g of protein from a crude bacterial extract is first fractionated by ammonium sulfate precipitation and then by a series of chromatographic steps: anion exchange (IEX), hydrophobic interaction (HIC), and finally size exclusion (Gel Filtration). Fractions from the last chromatography step are trypsin digested and peptides labeled with iTRAQ reagents to allow multiplexing and quantitation during mass spectrometric analysis. Elution profiles of identified proteins are then subjected to clustering analysis.

Dong,, Ming; Han, Bong-Gyoon; Liu, Hui-Hai; Malik, J.; Geller, Jil; Yang, Li; Choi, M.; Chandonia, John-Marc; Arbelaez, Pablo; Sterling, H. J.; Typke, Dieter; Shatsky, Max; Brenner, Steve; Fisher, Susan; Williams, Evan; Szakal, Evelin; Allen, S.; Hall, S. C.; Hazen, Terry; Witkowska, H. E.; Jin, Jiming; Glaeser, Robert; Biggin, Mark

2010-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

124

Structure Sensitivity of the Low-temperature Water-gas Shift Reaction on Cu–CeO2 catalysts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have investigated the structure sensitivity of the water-gas shift (WGS) reaction on Cu-CeO{sub 2} catalysts prepared at the nanoscale by different techniques. On the surface of ceria, different CuO{sub x} structures exist. We show here that only the strongly bound Cu-[O{sub x}]-Ce species, probably associated with the surface oxygen vacancies of ceria, are active for catalyzing the low-temperature WGS reaction. Weakly bound CuO{sub x} clusters and CuO nanoparticles are spectator species in the reaction. Isolated Cu{sup 2+} ions doping the ceria surface are not active themselves, but they are important in that they create oxygen vacancies and can be used as a reservoir of copper to replenish surface Cu removed by leaching or sintering. Accordingly, synthesis techniques such as coprecipitation that allow for extensive solubility of Cu in ceria should be preferred over impregnation, deposition-precipitation, ion exchange or another two-step method whereby the copper precursor is added to already made ceria nanocrystals. For the synthesis of different structures, we have used two methods: a homogeneous coprecipitation (CP), involving hexamethylenetetramine as the precipitating agent and the pH buffer; and a deposition-precipitation (DP) technique. In the latter case, the ceria supports were first synthesized at the nanoscale with different shapes (rods, cubes) to investigate any potential shape effect on the reaction. Cu-CeO{sub 2} catalysts with different copper contents up to ca. 20 at.% were prepared. An indirect shape effect of CeO{sub 2}, manifested by the propensity to form oxygen vacancies and strongly bind copper in the active form, was established; i.e. the water-gas shift reaction is not structure-sensitive. The apparent activation energy of the reaction on all samples was similar, 50 {+-} 10 kJ/mol, in a product-free (2% CO-10% H{sub 2}O) gas mixture.

Si, R.; Zhang, L.; Raitano, J.; Yi, N.; Chan, S.-W.; Flytzani-Stephanopoulos, M.

2012-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

125

Refined Energetic Ordering for Sulfate-Water (n=3-6) Clusters Using High-Level Electronic Structure Calculations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work reports refinements of the energetic ordering of the known low-energy structures of sulfate-water clusters SO2? 4 (H2O)n (n = 3?6) using high-level electronic structure methods. Coupled cluster singles and doubles with perturbative triples (CCSD(T)) is used in combination with an estimate of basis set effects up to the complete basis set limit using second order Møller-Plesset theory. Harmonic zero point energy (ZPE), included at the B3LYP/6-311++G** level, was found to have a significant effect on the energetic ordering. Limitations of the ZPE calculations, both due to electronic structure errors, and use of the harmonic approximation, probably constitute the largest remaining errors. Due to the often small energy differences between cluster isomers, and the significant role of ZPE, deuteration can alter the relative energies of low-lying structures, and, when it is applied in conjunction with calculated harmonic ZPE’s, even alters the global minimum for n = 4.

Lambrecht, Daniel S.; McCaslin, Laura; Xantheas, Sotiris S.; Epifanovsky, Evgeny; Head-Gordon, Martin P.

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Development of Interfacial Structure in a Confined Air-Water Cap-Turbulent and Churn-Turbulent Flow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of the present work is to study and model the interfacial structure development of air-water two-phase flow in a confined test section. Experiments of a total of 9 flow conditions in cap-turbulent and churn-turbulent flow regimes are carried out in a vertical air-water upward two-phase flow experimental loop with a test section of 200-mm in width and 10-mm in gap. Miniaturized four-sensor conductivity probes are used to measure local two-phase parameters at three different elevations for each flow condition. The bubbles captured by the probes are categorized into two groups in view of the two-group interfacial area transport equation, i.e., spherical/distorted bubbles as Group 1 and cap/churn-turbulent bubbles as Group 2. The acquired parameters are time-averaged local void fraction, interfacial velocity, bubble number frequency, interfacial area concentration, and bubble Sauter mean diameter for both groups of bubbles. Also, the line-averaged and area-averaged data are presented and discussed. The comparisons of these parameters at different elevations demonstrate the development of interfacial structure along the flow direction due to bubble interactions. (authors)

Xiaodong Sun; Seungjin Kim; Ling Cheng; Mamoru Ishii [Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 (United States); Beus, Stephen G. [Bechtel Bettis, Inc., Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory, Post Office Box 79, West Mifflin, PA 15122-0079 (United States)

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Modeling water column structure and suspended particulate matter on the Middle Atlantic continental shelf  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that contributed to the evolution of observed thermal structure and resuspension of particulate matter during resuspension processes. It is concluded that wave-current bottom shear stress was clearly the most important process for sediment resuspension during and following both hurricanes. Discrepancies between modeled

Chang, Grace C.

128

Microemulsions of water in supercritical carbon dioxide : an in-situ NMR investigation of micelle formation and structure.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High-pressure NMR spectroscopy was used for the first time to investigate microemulsions of water in supercritical carbon dioxide. The emulsions were formed using a family of anionic perfluoropolyether ammonium carboxylate surfactants. This system holds promise as a reaction medium for conducting homogeneous catalytic reactions within the aqueous micellular cores while, at the same time, exploiting the facile mass transfer properties of the supercritical fluid. Ammonium hexafluorophosphate was used as a water-soluble ionic guest to investigate micelle formation and structure. Under micelle-forming conditions, the PF{sub 6}{sup -} guest, surfactant, and water were uniformly dispersed throughout the CO{sub 2} phase, as demonstrated by in situ NMR imaging. In addition, the micelles were observed to form even in the absence of mechanical stirring. This spontaneous formation of micelles demonstrates that the NMR spectral properties were obtained under conditions that result in the production of thermodynamically stable microemulsions. The nuclear overhauser effect (NOE) was used to probe the micellular structure through dipole-dipole interactions between the PF{sub 6}{sup -} anion and the fluorinated backbone of the surfactant. A strong negative homonuclear NoE was observed between the PF{sub 6}{sup -} guest and the fluorine moiety that is located directly adjacent to the surfactant's carboxylate head group. This highly specific negative NOE indicates an ordered arrangement, where the PF{sub 6}{sup -} anion and carboxylate ion are located in close proximity to one another. This close association of two negatively charged ionic groups in an aqueous environment is unusual and suggests that the PF{sub 6}{sup -} guest is concentrated within the electric double layer that forms at the micellular interface.

Fremgen, D. E.; Smotkin, E. S.; Gerald, R. E.; Klingler, R. J.; Rathke, J. W.; Chemical Engineering; IIT

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Structures of the Ca2+-regulated photoprotein obelin Y138F mutant before and after bioluminescence support the catalytic function of a water molecule in the reaction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Crystal structures of the Y138F obelin mutant before and after bioluminescence have been determined at 1.72 and 1.30 ? resolution, respectively. Their spatial structures support the catalytic function of a water molecule found in an internal cavity in the light-emission reaction of Ca2+-regulated photoproteins.

Natashin, P.V.

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

130

Groundwater and surface water supplies in the Williston and Powder River structural basins are necessary for future development in these regions. To help determine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;i Abstract Groundwater and surface water supplies in the Williston and Powder River structural of streams, and quantify reservoir interaction in the Williston and Powder River structural basins the loss to underlying aquifers was 7790 ft3 /s. Both the Powder River and Williston basins contain gaining

Torgersen, Christian

131

Electronic structure and reactivity in water splitting of the iron oxide dimers and their hexacarbonyls: A density functional study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The iron oxide dimers (FeO){sub 2} and their peroxide isomers are studied with the B3LYP density functional as bare clusters and as hexacarbonyls. Among the bare clusters the planar four-member ring structures are more stable than the non-planar ones and the rhombic dioxide Fe{sub 2}O{sub 2} with antiferromagnetically ordered electrons on iron centers is the global minimum. Water adsorption on the bare diiron dioxide is exothermic, but dissociation does not occur. Carbonylation favors a non-planar Fe{sub 2}O{sub 2} ring for both the dioxides and the peroxides and high electron density at the Fe centers is induced, evidenced by the natural charge distribution, the high proton affinity, and the values of global electronegativity and hardness. The iron dioxide hexacarbonyl Fe{sub 2}O{sub 2}(CO){sub 6} is diamagnetic in the state of the global minimum. It is separated from the next low-lying triplet state by a small energy gap of 0.22 eV. Time-dependent density functional theory methods were applied to examine electron excitations from the ground state to the low-lying triplet states in the hexacarbonyls and their adsorption complexes with water. Singlet-to-triplet state excitations occur via ligand-to-metal charge transfer in the hexacarbonyls; in the adsorption complexes excitations from the oxygen lone pairs to the adsorption center also occur and they appear in the IR-visible region. The lowest energy singlet and triplet state reaction paths for water splitting were followed. On the singlet potential energy surface (PES), water splitting is spontaneous, while for the triplet PES an activation barrier of 14.1 kJ mol{sup ?1} was determined.

Uzunova, Ellie L., E-mail: ellie@svr.igic.bas.bg [Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia 1113 (Bulgaria); Mikosch, Hans [Institute for Chemical Technologies and Analytics, Vienna University of Technology, Getreidemarkt 9/E164-EC, 1060 Vienna (Austria)] [Institute for Chemical Technologies and Analytics, Vienna University of Technology, Getreidemarkt 9/E164-EC, 1060 Vienna (Austria)

2014-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

132

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Intake Air Oxygen Sensor  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation given by Robert Bosch at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about intake air oxygen sensors.

133

DETERMINATION OF IN-VITRO LUNG SOLUBILITY AND INTAKE-TO-DOSE CONVERSION FACTOR FOR TRITIATED LANTHANUM NICKEL ALUMINUM ALLOY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A sample of tritiated lanthanum nickel aluminum alloy (LaNi4.25Al0.75 or LANA.75) similar to that used at the Savannah River Site Tritium Facilities was analyzed to estimate the particle size distribution of this metal tritide powder and the rate, at which this material dissolves in the human respiratory tract after it is inhaled. This information is used to calculate the committed effective dose received by a worker after inhaling the material. These doses, which were calculated using the same methodology given in the DOE Tritium Handbook, are presented as inhalation intake-to-dose conversion factors (DCF). The DCF for this metal tritide is less than the DCF for tritiated water and radiation worker bioassay programs designed for tritiated water are adequate to monitor for intakes of this material.

Farfan, E.; Labone, T.; Staack, G.; Cheng, Y.; Zhou, Y.; Varallo, T.

2011-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

134

Evaluation of intakes of transuranics influenced by chelation therapy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Once an intake of transuranics occurs, there are only three therapeutic procedures available to the physician for reducing the intake and mitigating the dose: excision of material from wounds, removal of material from the lungs with lavage, and chelation therapy. The only chelation agents approved in the United States for the treatment of occupational intakes of transuranics are the zinc and calcium salts of diethylene-triamine-pentaacetic acid, better known as Zn-DTPA and Ca-DTPA. In the past 35 years, approximately 3000 doses of DTPA have been administrated to over 500 individuals who had intakes of transuranics. The drug is considered to be quiet safe and has few side effects. For the internal dosimetrist, perhaps the most important aspects of chelation therapy is that if enhances the excretion rate of a transuranic and perturbs the shape of the urinary excretion curve. These perturbations last for months and are so great that standard urinary excretion models cannot be used to evaluate the intake. We review here a method for evaluating intakes of transuranics influenced by chelation therapy that has been used with some degree of success at the Savannah River Site for over 20 years.

LaBone, T.R.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Prospective Investigation of Poultry and Fish Intake in Relation to Cancer Risk  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...566,401 completed the survey satisfactorily and consented...women: 318 kcal) total energy intake beyond twice the...1994-1996 USDA Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals...consuming skin and light or dark meat. Total fish intake...were adjusted for total energy intake using the nutrient...

Carrie R. Daniel; Amanda J. Cross; Barry I. Graubard; Albert R. Hollenbeck; Yikyung Park; and Rashmi Sinha

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Crystal Structure of Fatty Acid Amide Hydrolase Bound to the Carbamate Inhibitor URB597: Discovery of a Deacylating Water Molecule and Insight into Enzyme Inactivation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The endocannabinoid system regulates a wide range of physiological processes including pain, inflammation, and cognitive/emotional states. URB597 is one of the best characterized covalent inhibitors of the endocannabinoid-degrading enzyme fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH). Here, we report the structure of the FAAH-URB597 complex at 2.3 {angstrom} resolution. The structure provides insights into mechanistic details of enzyme inactivation and experimental evidence of a previously uncharacterized active site water molecule that likely is involved in substrate deacylation. This water molecule is part of an extensive hydrogen-bonding network and is coordinated indirectly to residues lining the cytosolic port of the enzyme. In order to corroborate our hypothesis concerning the role of this water molecule in FAAH's catalytic mechanism, we determined the structure of FAAH conjugated to a urea-based inhibitor, PF-3845, to a higher resolution (2.4 {angstrom}) than previously reported. The higher-resolution structure confirms the presence of the water molecule in a virtually identical location in the active site. Examination of the structures of serine hydrolases that are non-homologous to FAAH, such as elastase, trypsin, or chymotrypsin, shows a similarly positioned hydrolytic water molecule and suggests a functional convergence between the amidase signature enzymes and serine proteases.

Mileni, Mauro; Kamtekar, Satwik; Wood, David C.; Benson, Timothy E.; Cravatt, Benjamin F.; Stevens, Raymond C. (Scripps); (Pfizer)

2010-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

137

Mesoscopic structuring and dynamics of alcohol/water solutions probed by Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy and Pulsed Field Gradient Nuclear Magnetic Resonance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the structure of alcohol/water mixtures. Taking aqueous ethanol as a representative example, excess enthalpy, heat capacity, diffusivity, and viscosity all exhibit maxima or minima at ?15?20 mol %;12,16,20?23 this is attributable to Received: March 20, 2014... dielectric spectroscopy and the results were compared to femtosecond infrared pump? probe studies. By investigating a range of concentrations of aqueous tetramethylurea solutions it was found that the dynamics of the water molecules in close vicinity...

Li, Ruoyu; D'Agostino, Carmine; McGregor, James; Mantle, Michael D.; Zeitler, J. Axel; Gladden, Lynn F.

2014-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

138

Structural Changes of Bimetallic PdX/Cu (1-X) Nanocatalysts Developed for Nitrate Reduction of Drinking Water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Drinking Water Huiping Xu1,2 , Ray Twesten3 , Kathryn Guy4 , John Shapley4 , Charles Werth5 , Anatoly alternative for nitrate removal in drinking water [1]. Fundamental understanding how the atomic arrangement for the purification of drinking water. INTRODUCTION Presently nitrate in drinking water is either not removed

Frenkel, Anatoly

139

Impacts of Stable Element Intake on C and I Dose Estimates - Implications for Proposed Yucca Mountain Repository  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of the intake of stable isotopes of carbon and iodine on the committed doses due to the ingestion of {sup 14}C and {sup 129}I. This was accomplished through the application of two different computational approaches. The first was based on the assumption that ground (drinking) water was the only source of intake of both {sup 14}C and {sup 129}I and stable carbon and stable iodine. For purposes of the second approach, the intake of {sup 14}C and {sup 129}I was still assumed to be only that in the ground (drinking) water, but the intake of stable carbon and stable iodine was assumed to be that in the drinking water plus other components of the diet. The doses were estimated using either a conversion formula or the applicable dose coefficients in Federal Guidance Reports No. 11 and No. 13. Serving as input for the analyses was the estimated maximum concentration of {sup 14}C or {sup 129}I that would be present in the ground water due to potential releases from the proposed Yucca Mountain high-level radioactive waste repository during the first 10,000 years after closure. The estimated concentrations of stable carbon and iodine were based on analyses of ground water samples collected in the Amargosa Valley, NV. Based on the accompanying analyses, three conclusions were reached. First, no dose estimate, using a conversion formula in which the ratios of the stable to radioactive isotopes of an element serve as input, should ever be made without including the stable element intake contributions from all components of the diet. Second, the study suggests that the dose coefficients for {sup 129}I in Federal Guidance Reports No. 11 and No. 12 which, in turn, are based on publications of the ICRP, may not be appropriate for application in developed nations of the world, especially those in which relatively large amounts of seafood are consumed and the use of iodized salt is common. The estimated average daily intake of stable iodine by the adult U.S. population, for example, is 400 pg. This is twice the value listed by the ICRP for Reference Man. This leads to a dose estimate that is too high by a factor of two. Although the ICRP accounts for stable isotope contributions through the selection of a corresponding biological half-time for iodine, the selection in this case may need reevaluation especially with respect to assessments of potential {sup 129}I releases from the proposed Yucca Mountain high-level radioactive waste repository. The third conclusion, which confirms earlier studies, is that an increase in the intake of either {sup 14}C or {sup 129}I will not lead to an increase in the dose if there is a corresponding increase in the intake of stable carbon or iodine such that the ratio of {sup 14}C or {sup 129}I to stable carbon or iodine does not change.

D.W. Moeller; M.T. Ryan; Lin-Shen C. Sun; R.N. Cherry Jr.

2004-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

140

Survival rates of fishes and macroinvertebrates impinged on the vertically revolving intake screens of a power plant on Galveston Bay, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for cooling purposes will continue to increase. The number of aquatic organ- isms impinged or entrained at cooling water intakes will tend to increase accordingly. In recent years environmental studies of power plants have shifted emphasis from effects..., and by asphyxiation due to removal from water for excessively long periods (U. S. Environmental Protection Agency 1973). Recent field studies have enumerated the species of fish impinged at various power plants, but few have actually determined survival rates...

Chase, David Mayo

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water intake structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

ORISE: Dose Coefficients for Intakes of Radionuclides via Contaminated  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Dose Coefficients for Intakes of Radionuclides via Contaminated Wounds Dose Coefficients for Intakes of Radionuclides via Contaminated Wounds Dose coefficients for 38 radionuclides based on NCRP Wound Model and ICRP biokinetic models This report is intended to assist health physics and medical staff in more rapidly assessing the potential dosimetric consequences of a contaminated wound. The National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements Wound Model describing the retention of selected radionuclides at the site of a contaminated wound and their uptake into the transfer compartment has been combined with the International Commission on Radiological Protection element-specific systemic models for those radionuclides to derive dose coefficients for intakes via contaminated wounds. Examples are also provided on using the dose coefficients to generate derived reference

142

Involving children in meal preparation. Effects on food intake  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The question of how to promote healthy eating habits in children is relevant because most children do not meet the recommended vegetable intake. Involving children in food preparation could be an opportunity to develop healthy eating behaviors and to increase vegetable consumption. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of children's involvement in meal preparation on their food and vegetable intake. A between-subject experiment was conducted with 47 children aged 6 to 10 years. In condition 1 (n?=?25), children prepared a lunch meal (pasta, breaded chicken, cauliflower, and salad) with the assistance of a parent. In condition 2 (n?=?22), the meal was prepared by the parent alone. Independent samples t-tests were conducted to compare intake in the “child cooks” and “parent cooks” conditions. Children in the child cooks condition ate significantly more salad 41.7?g (76.1%), more chicken 21.8?g (27.0%), and more calories 84.6 ?kcal (24.4%) than children in the parent cooks condition. Between before cooking and directly after cooking the meal, children in the child cooks condition reported significantly increased feelings of valence (feeling positive) and dominance (feeling in control). This study confirms that involving children in meal preparation can increase vegetable intake. Because of the potential effect on energy intake, parents need to be made aware of appropriate portion sizes for their children. Taking this into account, encouraging parents to involve their children in the preparation of healthy and balanced meals could be a valuable intervention strategy to improve the diets and vegetable intake of children.

Klazine van der Horst; Aurore Ferrage; Andreas Rytz

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Temporary Waters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Temporary waters are lakes, ponds, streams, seeps, microhabitats, and other areas that hold water periodically and then dry. They occur across the globe, at all latitudes, and in all biomes, wherever water can collect long enough for aquatic life to develop. These waters are numerous, mostly small, and easily studied. Their biological communities are diverse, have much among-site variation, often include endemic species, and differ from those in permanent waters, contributing to regional biodiversity. Organisms survive through species-specific behavioral, physiological, and life-history adaptations. Community composition and structure change in response to environmental variations. Temporary waters are highly productive and their food webs are relatively simple. For all of these reasons, temporary waters lend themselves to surveys and experimental manipulations designed to test hypotheses about biological adaptation, population regulation, evolutionary processes, community composition and structure, and ecosystem functioning. In many parts of the world, most temporary waters have been lost. The conservation and restoration of vulnerable temporary waters is a major thrust of applied ecology. Also important are applications of ecological understanding to the control of disease vectors, especially pathogen-transmitting mosquitoes, from temporary water habitats. This article describes temporary waters, examines their biota and adaptations, and summarizes key questions about their ecology.

E.A. Colburn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Walk-in Intake Form First Year Advising & Exploration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Walk-in Intake Form First Year Advising & Exploration Student Development and Enrollment Services (Rev. 12/04/2012) Name: Current Major(s): PID: Current Minor(s): First Year Advising and Exploration process Course Withdrawal Other: 4. List any classes of concern and the reason(s) of your concern below: 5

Wu, Shin-Tson

145

ORIGINAL INVESTIGATION Inhibition of phosphodiesterase-4 decreases ethanol intake  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORIGINAL INVESTIGATION Inhibition of phosphodiesterase-4 decreases ethanol intake in mice Wei Hu Rationale Cyclic AMP (cAMP)­protein kinase A signal- ing has been implicated in the regulation of ethanol intracellular cAMP levels in the brain. However, the role of PDE4 in ethanol consumption remains unknown

146

Robust Strategy for Intake Leakage Detection in Diesel Engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Robust Strategy for Intake Leakage Detection in Diesel Engines Riccardo Ceccarelli , Philippe are provided using advanced Diesel engine developed under AMEsim. I. INTRODUCTION The modern Diesel engine has of the functioning of a air-path in a Diesel engine with exhaust gas recirculation circuit is presented. More

Boyer, Edmond

147

Dietary B Vitamin and Methionine Intakes and Plasma Folate Are Not Associated with Colorectal Cancer Risk in Chinese Women  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and daily intakes of energy, vegetables, fruits...attainment, baseline household income, smoking status...and daily intakes of energy, vegetables, fruits...Stampfer MJ. Total energy intake: implications...case-control study in Japan. Nutr Cancer 2005...

Martha J. Shrubsole; Gong Yang; Yu-Tang Gao; Wang Ho Chow; Xiao Ou Shu; Qiuyin Cai; Nathaniel Rothman; Jin Gao; Conrad Wagner; and Wei Zheng

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Obesity, High Energy Intake, Lack of Physical Activity, and the Risk of Kidney Cancer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Joint effects of body size, energy intake, and physical activity...Dunn B, et al. Association of energy intake and energy balance with postmenopausal breast...ease on response rates and data quality for two dietary questionnaires...

Sai Yi Pan; Marie DesMeules; Howard Morrison; and Shi Wu Wen

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

E-Print Network 3.0 - acids wine intake Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Maternal fatty acid intake and fetal growth: evidence... studies suggest a benefit of seafood and n-3 Fatty Acids (FA) intake on fetal growth and infant... , . They showed1 -7 8 9...

150

E-Print Network 3.0 - acid intakes decrease Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Maternal fatty acid intake and fetal growth: evidence... studies suggest a benefit of seafood and n-3 Fatty Acids (FA) intake on fetal growth and infant... decrease in birthweight...

151

Vitamin D Intake and the Risk for Pancreatic Cancer in Two Cohort Studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...intervals), and total energy intake (kcal). * Multivariate...increasing categories of energy-adjusted total vitamin...both cohorts, whereas dark fish (salmon, mackerel...Nutrition Examination Survey. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers...Stampfer MJ. Total energy intake: implications...

Halcyon G. Skinner; Dominique S. Michaud; Edward Giovannucci; Walter C. Willett; Graham A. Colditz; and Charles S. Fuchs

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Effects of Physical Activity and Restricted Energy Intake on Chemically Induced Mammary Carcinogenesis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Effects of Physical Activity and Restricted Energy Intake on Chemically Induced Mammary Carcinogenesis...little attention has been given to whether energy balance directed interventions designed to regulate body weight by increasing energy expenditure versus reducing energy intake...

Weiqin Jiang; Zongjian Zhu; Henry J. Thompson

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Fecal nitrogen and phosphorus as indicators of intake and quality of Angora goat diets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

equations were used to evaluate relationships between fecal and urinary components and organic matter intake (OMI), In vlvo digestibility (OMD), ration crude protein (RCP), and ration phosphorus (RPhos). Daily feed Intake, fecal output, nitrogen balance... equations were used to evaluate relationships between fecal and urinary components and organic matter intake (OMI), In vlvo digestibility (OMD), ration crude protein (RCP), and ration phosphorus (RPhos). Daily feed Intake, fecal output, nitrogen balance...

Carter, Heidi Christina

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

154

Fecal pats help to predict nutrient intake by cattle during summer on California's annual rangelands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Article t Fecal pats help to predict nutrient intake byof California rangelands will help to identify nutritional

Jinks, Angela D.; Oltjen, James W; Robinson, Peter H; Calvert, Chris C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Soyfood Intake during Adolescence and Subsequent Risk of Breast Cancer among Chinese Women  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Relative to the lowest quartile of energy-adjusted total soy intake...daidzein, and glycitein in market samples of common soyfoods in...confounders (9) . To adjust for energy intake, all foods and nutrients...either as percentage of total energy or as weight/1000 Kcal. Intake...

Xiao Ou Shu; Fan Jin; Qi Dai; Wanqing Wen; John D. Potter; Lawrence H. Kushi; Zhixian Ruan; Yu-Tang Gao; and Wei Zheng

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Reduced Risk of Colon Cancer with High Intake of Vitamin E: The Iowa Women's Health Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Further adjustment for total energy intake and other risk factors...Further adjustment for total energy intake and other risk factors...payment of page charges. This a tide must therefore be hereby marked...implausibly high or low total daily energy intake (5000 kcal...

Roberd M. Bostick; John D. Potter; David R. McKenzie; Thomas A. Sellers; Lawrence H. Kushi; Kristi A. Steinmetz; and Aaron R. Folsom

1993-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

157

Obesity, High Energy Intake, Lack of Physical Activity, and the Risk of Kidney Cancer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...activity, alcohol consumption, diet (69-item...Assessment of obesity and energy intake Participants...North Carolina). Energy intake and total...status, alcohol consumption, smoking, BMI...of cancer in the world: comparative risk...height, body mass, energy intake, and physical...

Sai Yi Pan; Marie DesMeules; Howard Morrison; and Shi Wu Wen

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Comparison of the Impact of Intake Oxygen Enrichment and Fuel Oxygenation on Diesel Combustion and Emissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

turbocharged, Intercooler?(air-air), electronically?controlled?EGR with?actuator ... Fumigation into the intake surge tank was chosen to allow thorough mixing of the oxygen?air mixture through the subsequent components of the intake system, such as the air filter, turbocharger, and intercooler, before entering the intake manifold. ...

Juhun Song; Vince Zello; André L. Boehman; Francis J. Waller

2004-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

159

Obesity, High Energy Intake, Lack of Physical Activity, and the Risk of Kidney Cancer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...obesity and excess energy intake are important...case-control studies|energy intake|exercise...there were an 4,600 new cases of kidney cancer...prevention. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University...height, body mass, energy intake, and physical...

Sai Yi Pan; Marie DesMeules; Howard Morrison; and Shi Wu Wen

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Effect of a putative ER antagonist, MPP, on food intake in cycling and ovariectomized rats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effect of a putative ER antagonist, MPP, on food intake in cycling and ovariectomized rats Jessica treatment alone is not sufficient to normalize food intake and weight gain in OVX rats, and progesterone plays a crucial role in controlling food intake in the female rat. Acting as an indirect control of meal

Hull, Elaine

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water intake structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Obesity, High Energy Intake, Lack of Physical Activity, and the Risk of Kidney Cancer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Article Research Articles Obesity, High Energy Intake, Lack of Physical Activity, and...controls to assess the effect of obesity, energy intake, and recreational physical activity...by age, whereas the effect of excess energy intake was stronger among older people...

Sai Yi Pan; Marie DesMeules; Howard Morrison; Shi Wu Wen

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

?-3 and ?-6 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Intakes and the Risk of Breast Cancer in Mexican Women: Impact of Obesity Status  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...units), socioeconomic status, energy intake (continuous...no), and menopausal status. Linear trend tests...menopause, socioeconomic status, ever use of hormone...physical activity, energy intake (continuous...

Véronique Chajès; Gabriela Torres-Mejía; Carine Biessy; Carolina Ortega-Olvera; Angélica Angeles-Llerenas; Pietro Ferrari; Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce; and Isabelle Romieu

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

The synergistic effect of the structural precursors of Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 catalysts for water–gas shift reaction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 catalysts (Cu/Zn = 1, Al = 4–24 mol%) prepared by co-precipitation were investigated for low-temperature water–gas shift reaction (WGSR) in H2-rich feed gas and characterized by means of XRD, DSC and TPR. The synergistic effect of the structural precursors was detected in catalyst containing Al level of 12 mol%, in which CO conversion reaches to 97.5% at 513 K. It suggests that aurichalcite has been partially intercalated into the hydrotalcite and assimilated the surrounding structure during precipitation, which eventually enhances the interaction between the active centers and supports of the catalyst.

Wei Fu; Zhenghong Bao; Weizhong Ding; Kuochih Chou; Qian Li

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Neutron structure of human carbonic anhydrase II: A hydrogen bonded water network switch is observed between pH 7.8 and 10.0.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The neutron structure of wild type human carbonic anhydrase II at pH 7.8 has been determined to 2.0 resolution. Detailed analysis and comparison to the previous determined structure at pH 10.0 shows important differences in protonation of key catalytic residues in the active site as well as a rearrangement of the hydrogen bonded water network. For the first time, a completed hydrogen bonded network stretching from the Zn-bound solvent to the proton shuttling residue His64 has been directed observed.

Fisher, Zoe [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Langan, Paul [ORNL; Mustyakimov, Marat [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Kovalevsky, Andrey [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Population structure of the gray snapper, Lutjanus griseus, in the U.S. waters of the Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

structure of the species. Population structure of gray snapper in the Gulf was assessed via homogeneity testing of allele and genotype distributions at 13 nuclear-encoded microsatellites and a 590 base-pair fragment of mitochondrial DNA. No significant...

Ebelt, Nancy D

2007-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

166

WIPP air-intake shaft disturbed-rock zone study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The disturbed-rock zone surrounding the air-intake shaft at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) site was investigated to determine the extent and the permeability of the disturbed-rock zone as a function of radial distance from the 6.1 m diameter shaft, at different elevations within the Salado. Gas- and brine-permeability tests were performed in the bedded halite of the Salado formation at two levels within the air-intake shaft. The gas- and brine-permeability test results demonstrated that the radial distance to an undisturbed formation permeability of 1 {times} 10{sup {minus}21} m{sup 2} was less than 3.0 m.

Dale, T. [INTERA Inc., Austin, TX (United States); Hurtado, L.D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Repository Isolation Systems Dept.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Water quality Water quantity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

01-1 · Water quality · Water quantity · Remediation strategies MinE 422: Water Resources: Younger, Banwart and Hedin. 2002. Mine Water. Hydrology, Pollution, Remediation. Impacts of mining on water mining ­ Often the largest long term issue ­ Water quality affected, surface/ground water pollution

Boisvert, Jeff

168

Water quality Water quantity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· Water quality · Water quantity · Remediation strategies MinE 422: Water Resources: Younger, Banwart and Hedin. 2002. Mine Water. Hydrology, Pollution, Remediation. Impacts of mining on water mining ­ Often the largest long term issue ­ Water quality affected, surface/ground water pollution

Boisvert, Jeff

169

Structure  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Structure Structure functions 1 NOTE: THE FIGURES IN THIS SECTION ARE INTENDED TO SHOW THE REPRESENTATIVE DATA. THEY ARE NOT MEANT TO BE COMPLETE COMPILATIONS OF ALL THE WORLD'S RELIABLE DATA. Q 2 (GeV 2 ) F 2 (x,Q 2 ) * 2 i x H1 ZEUS BCDMS E665 NMC SLAC 10 -3 10 -2 10 -1 1 10 10 2 10 3 10 4 10 5 10 6 10 7 10 8 10 9 10 -1 1 10 10 2 10 3 10 4 10 5 10 6 Figure 16.6: The proton structure function F p 2 measured in electromagnetic scattering of positrons on protons (collider experiments ZEUS and H1), in the kinematic domain of the HERA data, for x > 0.00006 (cf. Fig. 16.9 for data at smaller x and Q 2 ), and for electrons (SLAC) and muons (BCDMS, E665, NMC) on a fixed target. Statistical and systematic errors added in quadrature are shown. The data are plotted as a function of Q 2 in bins of fixed x. Some points have been slightly offset in Q 2 for clarity. The ZEUS binning in x is used in this plot; all other data are rebinned to the x values of

170

Maternal feeding self-efficacy and fruit and vegetable intakes in infants. Results from the SAIDI study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Adequate consumption of fruits and vegetables (FV) is a characteristic of a healthy diet but remains a challenge in nutrition interventions. This cross-sectional study explored the multi-directional relationships between maternal feeding self-efficacy, parenting confidence, child feeding behaviour, exposure to new food and FV intake in a cohort of 277 infants. Mothers with healthy infants weighing ?2500?g and ?37?weeks gestation were recruited post-natally from 11 South Australian hospitals. Socio-demographic data were collected at recruitment. At 6?months postnatal, infants were weighed and measured, and mothers completed a questionnaire exploring their perceptions of child feeding behaviour and child exposure to new foods. The questionnaire also included the Short Temperament Scale for Infants, Kessler 10 to measure maternal psychological distress and 5 items measuring maternal feeding self-efficacy. The number of occasions and variety of FV (number of subgroups within food groups) consumed by infants were estimated from a 24-hour dietary recall and 2?days food record. Structural equation modelling was performed using Mplus version 6.11. Median (IQR) variety scores were 2 (1–3) for fruit and 3 (2–5) for vegetable intake. The most popular FV consumed were apple (n?=?108, 45.0%) and pumpkin (n?=?143, 56.3%). None of the variables studied predicted the variety of child fruit intake. Parenting confidence, exposure to new foods and child feeding behaviour were indirectly related to child vegetable intake through maternal feeding self-efficacy while total number of children negatively predicted child vegetable variety (p?

Gloria A. Koh; Jane A. Scott; Richard J. Woodman; Susan W. Kim; Lynne A. Daniels; Anthea M. Magarey

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Distribution, relative abundance and species composition of shrimp, crabs and fish in the intake area, discharge canal and cooling lake of the Cedar Bayou generating station, Baytown, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

area and discharge waters of Houston Lighting S Power Company's Cedar Bayou Generating Station, Baytown, Texas. Hydrological data were taken at each sampling station. A total of 12 species of crustaceans and 53 species of fish was captured. The 10... juvenile stages risk entrainment through the plant (Mihursky and Kennedy 1967; Bascom 1974) or impingement on the intake screens. As Landry (1977) found, the impact of either entrainment or impingement depends mainly on the season of recruitment...

St. Clair, Lou Ann

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

172

The Structure of Hydrated Electron. Part 1. Magnetic Resonance of Internally Trapping Water Anions: A Density Functional Theory Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Density functional theory (DFT) is used to rationalize magnetic parameters of hydrated electron trapped in alkaline glasses as observed using Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) and Electron Spin Echo Envelope Modulation (ESEEM) spectroscopies. To this end, model water cluster anions (n=4-8 and n=20,24) that localize the electron internally are examined. It is shown that EPR parameters of such water anions (such as hyperfine coupling tensors of H/D nuclei in the water molecules) are defined mainly by the cavity size and the coordination number of the electron; the water molecules in the second solvation shell play a relatively minor role. An idealized model of hydrated electron (that is usually attributed to L. Kevan) in which six hydroxyl groups arranged in an octahedral pattern point towards the common center is shown to provide the closest match to the experimental parameters, such as isotropic and anisotropic hyperfine coupling constants for the protons (estimated from ESEEM), the second moment of the EPR spectra, and the radius of gyration. The salient feature of these DFT models is the significant transfer (10-20%) of spin density into the frontal O 2p orbitals of water molecules. Spin bond polarization involving these oxygen orbitals accounts for small, negative hyperfine coupling constants for protons in hydroxyl groups that form the electron-trapping cavity. In Part 2, these results are generalized for more realistic geometries of core anions obtained using a dynamic one-electron mixed qunatum/classical molecular dynamics model.

I. A. Shkrob

2006-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

173

Water quantity and quality model for the evaluation of water-management strategies in the Netherlands: application to the province of Friesland  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Netherlands have a rather complex water-management system consisting of a number of major rivers, canals, lakes and ditches. Water-quantity management on a regional scale is necessary for an effective water-quality policy. To support water management, a computer model was developed that includes both water quality and water quantity, based on three submodels: ABOPOL for the water movement, DELWAQ for the calculation of water quality variables and BLOOM-II for the phytoplankton growth. The northern province of Friesland was chosen as a test case for the integrated model to be developed, where water quality is highly related to the water distribution and the main trade-off is minimizing the intake of (eutrophicated) alien water in order to minimize external nutrient load and maximizing the intake in order to flush channels and lakes. The results of the application of these models to this and to a number of hypothetical future situations are described.

Brinkman, J.J.; Griffioen, P.S.; Groot, S.; Los, F.J.

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 85, 085425 (2012) Influence of water on the electronic structure of metal-supported graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-supported graphene: Insights from van der Waals density functional theory Xiao Li ( ),1 Ji Feng ( ),1,* Enge Wang-supported graphene through van der Waals density functional theory calculations. Our results show a systematic increase in the adsorption energy of water on graphene in the presence of underlying metal substrates

Alavi, Ali

175

Solvation Structures and Dynamics of the Magnesium Chloride (Mg2+–Cl–) Ion Pair in Water–Ethanol Mixtures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

E-mail: A.C., anupam.chatterjee@chem.iitb.ac.in; M.K.D., mayankd@chem.iitb.ac.in. ... Jorgensen, W. L.; Chandrasekhar, J.; Madura, J. D.; Impey, R. W.; Klein, M. L.Comparison of Simple Potential Functions for Simulating Liquid Water J. Chem. ...

Anupam Chatterjee; Mayank Kumar Dixit; B. L. Tembe

2013-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

176

Civil Works Planning Overview Civil Works (CW) Planning offers a structured, rational approach to solving water resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and interrelated processes of social, economic, cultural, environmental and political change at every scale from values inherent in any solution and shape recommendations. · CW Planning is a creative process requiring knowledge of water resources laws and regulations, public involvement methods and processes, engineering

US Army Corps of Engineers

177

Corrosion of Target and Structural Materials in Water Irradiated by an 800 MeV Proton Beam  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to model the corrosion process of a material as an equivalent electrical circuit. Thus the polarization resistance, which is inversely proportional to the corrosion rate, can be extracted from the frequency In a radiation environment, elementary particles passing through water will lead to its radiolysis as follows: H2

178

Water Revisited  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...explains the su-percooling behavior. The important issue...Hydrophobic Interactions The behavior of water toward non-polar...structures ofthe clath-rate hydrates for many ofthese nonpolar...underlying the anomalous behavior of supercooled wa-ter...Schuster, G. Zundel, C. Sand-SCIENCE, VOL. 209...

Frank H. Stillinger

1980-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

179

E-Print Network 3.0 - assessing calcium intake Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: intake (Kcalday)). To assess interaction between protein and calcium for fracture risk, we then included... excretion (RNAE) estimate) and fracture risk vary according...

180

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol intake-induced myocardial Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and caffeine consumption; dietary intake... of saturated fat and n- 3 fatty acids from seafood; family history of myocardial infarction or sudden death... were older; were more...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water intake structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Airflow Simulations around OA Intake Louver with Electronic Velocity Sensors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is important to control outdoor airflow rates into HVAC systems in terms of energy conservation and healthy indoor environment. Technologies are being developed to measure outdoor air (OA) flow rates through OA intake louvers on a real time basis. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the airflow characteristics through an OA intake louver numerically in order to provide suggestions for sensor installations. Airflow patterns are simulated with and without electronic air velocity sensors within cylindrical probes installed between louver blades or at the downstream face of the louver. Numerical results show quite good agreements with experimental data, and provide insights regarding measurement system design. The simulations indicate that velocity profiles are more spatially uniform at the louver outlet relative to between louver blades, that pressure drops imposed by the sensor bars are smaller with sensor bars at the louver outlet, and that placement of the sensor bars between louver blades substantially increases air velocities inside the louver. These findings suggest there is an advantage to placing the sensor bars at the louver outlet face.

Han, Hwataik; Sullivan, Douglas P.; Fisk, William J.

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Water, water everywhere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... available water resources, either locally or globally, are by no means exhausted. At present desalination -- the removal of salt from sea water or brackish water -- is very ... or brackish water -- is very expensive, mainly because it consumes so much energy. Desalination provides less than 0.2 per cent of all the water used in the world ...

Philip Ball

2000-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

183

Evaluating the effect of slot size and environmental variables on the passage of estuarine nekton through a water control structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, James H. Cowan Jr. c a School of Renewable Natural Resources, Louisiana State University AgCenter, Baton an important pathway for the trophic transfer of marsh production (i.e., energy) to the wider estuary altered many northern Gulf of Mexico marshes (Rogers et al., 1992). Structural marsh management typically

184

Nuclear reactor with low-level core coolant intake  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A natural-circulation boiling-water reactor has skirts extending downward from control rod guide tubes to about 10 centimeters from the reactor vessel bottom. The skirts define annular channels about control rod drive housings that extend through the reactor vessel bottom. Recirculating water is forced in through the low-level entrances to these channels, sweeping bottom water into the channels in the process. The sweeping action prevents cooler water from accumulating at the bottom. This in turn minimizes thermal shock to bottom-dwelling components as would occur when accumulated cool water is swept away and suddenly replaced by warmer water.

Challberg, Roy C. (Livermore, CA); Townsend, Harold E. (Campbell, CA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Water Resources Water Quality and Water Treatment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water Resources TD 603 Lecture 1: Water Quality and Water Treatment CTARA Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay 2nd November, 2011 #12;OVERVIEW Water Quality WATER TREATMENT PLANTS WATER TREATMENT PLANTS WATER TREATMENT PLANTS WATER TRE OVERVIEW OF THE LECTURE 1. Water Distribution Schemes Hand Pump

Sohoni, Milind

186

Effects of the GABAB receptor agonist baclofen administered orally on normal food intake and intraperitoneally on fat intake in non-deprived rats.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It has been previously reported that the GABAB receptor agonist baclofen decreases food intake after oral administration and fat intake after intraperitoneal administration. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of baclofen (1–4 mg/ kg) administered orally (Experiment 1) on food intake in non-deprived rats (n=6) and intraperitoneally (Experiment 2) on fat intake in non-deprived rats (n=8) that were naïve to baclofen (1st set of trials) and in the same group of rats after they were sub-chronically exposed to baclofen (2nd set of trials). The results from Experiment 1 show that baclofen had no effects on food intake during the 1st set of trials, but the 2 and 4 mg/kg doses significantly increased food consumption during the 2nd set of trials. Baclofen produced sedation during the 1st set of trials, but tolerance occurred to this effect and was not apparent during the 2nd set of trials. These observations suggest that the motor effects may have competed with the hyperphagic effects of baclofen during the 1st set of trials. The data from Experiment 2 show that baclofen had no effects on fat intake during either the 1st or 2nd set of trials. The results of the study thus indicate that orally administrated baclofen increases food intake and intraperitoneal administration has no effect on fat intake in non-deprived rats under the conditions used in this study. These findings may have important implications for research on the use of baclofen in studies concerned with ingestive behaviours.

Rasneer S. Bains; Ivor S. Ebenezer

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Obesity, High Energy Intake, Lack of Physical Activity, and the Risk of Kidney Cancer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...modification of energy intake and physical...The respective ethics review boards of...classification of energy costs of human physical...factors affecting the development of renal cell cancer...family in cancer development and progression...Obesity, high energy intake, lack of...

Sai Yi Pan; Marie DesMeules; Howard Morrison; and Shi Wu Wen

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

26th INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF THE AERONAUTICAL SCIENCES PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF A 3D SCRAMJET INTAKE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

26th INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF THE AERONAUTICAL SCIENCES PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF A 3D SCRAMJET INTAKE Birgit U. Reinartz CATS, RWTH Aachen University, Germany Keywords: scramjet, hypersonic, intake, CFD Abstract A combined experimental as well as computa- tional analysis of a complete scramjet

189

Obesity, High Energy Intake, Lack of Physical Activity, and the Risk of Kidney Cancer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...modification of energy intake and physical...information on education, average family income over...activity, alcohol consumption, diet (69-item...Assessment of obesity and energy intake Participants...per session, on average, they participated...gardening or yard work, home exercise or exercise...

Sai Yi Pan; Marie DesMeules; Howard Morrison; and Shi Wu Wen

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Tea Intake and Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Skin: Influence of Type of Tea Beverages  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...gender, with one control per household invited to participate using...including age, sex, and energy intake. Potential confounding...the final model. Age, sex, energy intake, inability to tan after...and diet in northern Kyushu, Japan. Jpn. J. Cancer Res...

Iman A. Hakim; Robin B. Harris; and Ute M. Weisgerber

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Abstract 1277: The association between seasonality, vitamin D and calcium intake and mammographic density in Norwegian postmenopausal women  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Health Economic and Drug Unit, Oslo, Norway, Norway. Background: Mammographic density (MD...obtained, as well as vitamin D intake, energy and calcium intake in a population of women from Norway, a country with limited sunlight exposure...

Merete Ellingjord-Dale; Isabel dos Santos Silva; Tom Grotmol; Amrit Kaur Sakhi; Samera Qureshi; Solveig Hofvind; Marianne Skov Markussen; Elisabeth Couto; Lene Frost Andersen; Giske Ursin; and Giske Ursin

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

BiOI nanosheets decorated TiO2 nanofiber: Tailoring water purification performance of photocatalyst in structural and photo-responsivity aspects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Microscopic structure and photo-responsive characters are two important facets that dominate the synthetic performance of photocatalysts in environment remediation. In the present investigation, we report the simultaneous tailoring of these two facets toward improving the water purification performance of TiO2 based photocatalyst. Electrospinning-derived TiO2 nanofibers were decorated with the visible-light responsive BiOI nanosheets via a simple hydrothermal reaction approach, constructing heterostructured composite fibers. The obtained hierarchical TiO2@BiOI fibers demonstrated improved reactivity toward decomposition of Rhodamine B in the visible-light range over the pristine TiO2 nanofibers, meanwhile possessed high recycling convenience. The mechanism for advancement of the photocatalytic reactivity of the TiO2@BiOI fibers was elucidated by analyzing the results of photoluminescence and transient photocurrent response.

Chenxing Liao; Zhijun Ma; Guoping Dong; Jianrong Qiu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Proposed and existing passive and inherent safety-related structures, systems, and components (building blocks) for advanced light-water reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A nuclear power plant is composed of many structures, systems, and components (SSCs). Examples include emergency core cooling systems, feedwater systems, and electrical systems. The design of a reactor consists of combining various SSCs (building blocks) into an integrated plant design. A new reactor design is the result of combining old SSCs in new ways or use of new SSCs. This report identifies, describes, and characterizes SSCs with passive and inherent features that can be used to assure safety in light-water reactors. Existing, proposed, and speculative technologies are described. The following approaches were used to identify the technologies: world technical literature searches, world patent searches, and discussions with universities, national laboratories and industrial vendors. 214 refs., 105 figs., 26 tabs.

Forsberg, C.W.; Moses, D.L.; Lewis, E.B.; Gibson, R.; Pearson, R.; Reich, W.J.; Murphy, G.A.; Staunton, R.H.; Kohn, W.E.

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

RELEVANCE OF SOME BEHAVIOURAL CRITERIA CONCERNING THE SOW (MOTOR ACTIVITY AND WATER INTAKE)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TRUIE (ACTIVIT� MOTRICE ET CONSOMMATION D'EAU) POUR LE V�T�RINAIRE EN �LEVAGE PORCIN INTENSIF. &horbar'activité motrice a été appréhendée sur 125 truies dans six autres élevages. La consommation d'eau chez la truie). Quant à l'activité motrice, elle est réduite chez la truie à l'attache; ainsi la moyenne du temps

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

195

Application of the ultrasonic technique and high-speed filming for the study of the structure of air-water bubbly flows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Multiphase flows are very common in industry, oftentimes involving very harsh environments and fluids. Accordingly, there is a need to determine the dispersed phase holdup using noninvasive fast responding techniques; besides, knowledge of the flow structure is essential for the assessment of the transport processes involved. The ultrasonic technique fulfills these requirements and could have the capability to provide the information required. In this paper, the potential of the ultrasonic technique for application to two-phase flows was investigated by checking acoustic attenuation data against experimental data on the void fraction and flow topology of vertical, upward, air-water bubbly flows in the zero to 15% void fraction range. The ultrasonic apparatus consisted of one emitter/receiver transducer and three other receivers at different positions along the pipe circumference; simultaneous high-speed motion pictures of the flow patterns were made at 250 and 1000 fps. The attenuation data for all sensors exhibited a systematic interrelated behavior with void fraction, thereby testifying to the capability of the ultrasonic technique to measure the dispersed phase holdup. From the motion pictures, basic gas phase structures and different flows patterns were identified that corroborated several features of the acoustic attenuation data. Finally, the acoustic wave transit time was also investigated as a function of void fraction. (author)

Carvalho, R.D.M.; Venturini, O.J.; Tanahashi, E.I. [Universidade Federal de Itajuba (UNIFEI), Itajuba (Brazil); Neves, F. Jr. [Universidade Tecnologica Federal do Parana (UTFPR), Curitiba (Brazil); Franca, F.A. [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas (Brazil)

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

196

The CCKB antagonist CI988 reduces food intake in fasted rats via a dopamine mediated pathway  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Studies have shown a reduction of food intake following peripheral and brain injection of CCK. However, it remains to be established whether endogenous central CCK is involved in the regulation of food intake. We investigated the role of central CCK in the regulation of food intake by pharmacological manipulation of the CCKB (CCK2) receptor system. Intracerebroventricularly (ICV) cannulated male Sprague Dawley rats were fasted for 24 h and received an ICV injection of the CCKB receptor antagonist CI988 at a dose of 10 nmol or 49 nmol or vehicle. Another group received two consecutive ICV injections consisting of the corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) receptor-1 (CRF1) antagonist, CP376395 (3 nmol) or the CRF2 receptor antagonist, K41498 (2 nmol) alone, or followed by CI988 (49 nmol). Lastly, another group of rats received an intraperitoneal (IP) injection of the dopamine antagonist, flupentixol (?197 and ?493 nmol/kg) alone, or followed by CI988 (49 nmol, ICV). Cumulative food intake was assessed for 11 h. Vehicle injected rats showed a robust feeding response. CI988 at 49 nmol reduced food intake by 30% starting at 2 h post injection. CP376395 and K41498 had no effect on food intake. Flupentixol injected IP at a dose of 197 and 493 nmol/kg alone did not modulate food intake whereas the higher dose blocked the CI988-induced reduction of feeding. During the dark phase, CI988 had no effect on food intake in unfasted rats. In summary, CCKB signaling is involved in the regulation of food intake after a fast likely by downstream dopamine signaling.

Lisa Frommelt; Vanessa Lembke; Tobias Hofmann; Miriam Goebel-Stengel; Hubert Mönnikes; Bertram Wiedenmann; Burghard F. Klapp; Andreas Stengel; Peter Kobelt

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Water Efficiency  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Wheeler - Water Savers, LLC * fwheeler@watersaversllc.com Topics * Performance contracting analysis * Water industry terms * Federal reduction goals * Water balance * Water...

198

Plane of nutrition as influencing reaction of breeding cows to high salt intake  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PLANE OF NUTR~T~ON AS INFTUENCTNG REACTION OF BREWING CONS TO HIGH SAT T INTAKE A Thesis Louis Vaughn Sells August 1951 PLANK OF NUTRITION AS INFI UvNCrNr. REACTION OF RREEDINO COWS TO HIGH SALT INTAKE A Thes1s I ou is Vaughn S e 1 1... s August 1951 Ap oved as to sty d content. C 1rman of Committe PLANE OF NUTRITION AS IN&LU:NCING REACTION OF 13REEDING COWS TO HIGH SALT INTAKE A Thesis Submitted to the Faculty of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in Partial Fulf11...

Sells, Louis Vaughn

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

199

How selection structures species abundance distributions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...taxa, and those associated with soft and rocky bottom habitats. They are pelagic, proximo-benthic...The water intakes are in front of a rocky promontory within Bridgwater Bay, while to the east are the 40 km2 Steart mud flats. Depending upon the tide, the fish are...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Water Sampling | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Water Sampling Water Sampling Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Water Sampling Details Activities (51) Areas (45) Regions (5) NEPA(2) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Field Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Field Sampling Parent Exploration Technique: Field Sampling Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Stratigraphic/Structural: Hydrological: Water composition and source of fluids Thermal: Water temperature Dictionary.png Water Sampling: Water sampling is done to characterize the chemical, thermal, or hydrological properties of a surface or subsurface aqueous system. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Introduction Water sampling is done to characterize the geothermal system under investigation. A geothermal water typically has a unique chemical signature

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water intake structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Examining the Relationship Between Plasma Choline Status and Dietary Intake of Choline in Pregnant Women  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Background: Choline is an essential nutrient for maternal health and fetal development of which eggs are the richest source in the typical American diet. A single egg could make a significant difference in choline intake and ultimately plasma...

Mortimer, Deanna Vaughn

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

202

E-Print Network 3.0 - air intake filter Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

results for: air intake filter Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Fault Tolerant Oxygen Control of a Diesel Engine Air System Summary: which is the oxygen concentration in the...

203

Effects of Physical Activity and Restricted Energy Intake on Chemically Induced Mammary Carcinogenesis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...induces a greater flux of energy through the system that could...stress, whereas restricted energy intake (RE) reduces oxidative...maltodextrin, cornstarch, corn oil, cellulose, minerals...and dl-methionine. The energy distribution was protein (20...

Weiqin Jiang; Zongjian Zhu; and Henry J. Thompson

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Population strategies to decrease sodium intake : a global cost-effectiveness analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Excessive sodium consumption is both prevalent and very costly in many countries around the world. Recent research has found that more than 90% of the world's adult population live in countries with mean intakes exceeding ...

Webb, Michael William, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

The relationship between residual feed intake and feeding behavior in growing heifers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The objective of this study was to determine if feeding behavior traits are correlated with performance and feed efficiency traits in growing heifers. Individual dry matter intake (DMI) was measured in Brangus heifers (n = 115) fed a roughage...

Bingham, Glenda Marie

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

206

Vitamin D Intake and the Risk for Pancreatic Cancer in Two Cohort Studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...were compared with the total energy-adjusted vitamin D intake...questionnaires. The (age, sex, energy) adjusted mean concentrations...smoking, and diabetes. Because solar UV light exposure is strongly...Arizona, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma...

Halcyon G. Skinner; Dominique S. Michaud; Edward Giovannucci; Walter C. Willett; Graham A. Colditz; and Charles S. Fuchs

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Estimation and Control of Diesel Engine Processes Utilizing Variable Intake Valve Actuation  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Air handling system model for multi-cylinder variable geometry turbocharged diesel engine with cooled EGR and flexible intake valve actuation developed to capture dynamic effects of gas exchange actuators

208

Energy intake and utilisation by nursing bearded seal (Erignathus barbatus) pups from Svalbard, Norway  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study we measure energy intake via milk in nursing bearded seal (Erignathus barbatus) pups and determine how this energy is allocated into metabolism and storage of new tissues. This was accomplished usin...

C. Lydersen; K. M. Kovacs; M. O. Hammill; I. Gjertz

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

An investigation into the use of biokinetic models when assessing intakes of plutonium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE USE OF BIOKINETIC MODELS WHEN ASSESSING INTAKES OF PLUTONIUM A Thesis by BRIAN ANDREW HRYCUSHKO Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 2008 Major Subject: Health Physics AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE USE OF BIOKINETIC MODELS WHEN ASSESSING INTAKES OF PLUTONIUM A Thesis by BRIAN ANDREW HRYCUSHKO Submitted...

Hrycushko, Brian Andrew

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

210

Magnesium and pyridoxine intake and mineral content of selected tissues and physical development in rats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MAGNESIUM AND PYRIDOXINE INTAKE MINERAL CONTENT OF SELECTED TISSUES PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT IN RATS A Thesis by SU S AN ELA I NE EDGAR Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A8rM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1986 Major Subject: Nutrition MAGNESIUM AND PYRIDOXINE INTAKE MINERAL CONTENT OF SELECTED TISSUES PHYS ICAL DEVELOPMENT IN RATS A Thesis by SUSAN ELAINE EDGAR Approved as to style and content by: 'KAREN...

Edgar, Susan Elaine

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

211

DOE/EA-1497: Finding of No Significant Impact for the Environmental Assessment for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve West Hackberry Facility Raw Intake Pipeline Replacement Project, Cameron and Calcasieu Parishes, Louisiana (8/31/04)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

FINDING OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT FINDING OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT RAW WATER INTAKE PIPELINE REPLACEMENT STRATEGIC PETROLEUM RESERVE WEST HACKBERRY FACILITY AGENCY: Department of Energy (DOE) ACTION: Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) SUMMARY: DOE has prepared an Environmental Assessment (EA), DOE/EA-1497, for the proposed replacement of the existing 107 centimeter (cm) [42 inch (in)] 6.87 kilometer (km) [4.27 mile (mi)] raw water intake pipeline (RWIPL). This action is necessary to allow for continued, optimum operations at the West Hackberry facility (main site/facility). The EA described the proposed action (including action alternatives) and three alternatives to the proposed action. The EA evaluated only the potential environmental consequences of

212

Structure and dynamics of liquid water on rutile TiO2(110) Li-Min Liu, Changjun Zhang, Geoff Thornton, and Angelos Michaelides  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

those between water and titanium dioxide TiO2 . Water-TiO2 interfaces are relevant to photocatalysis on which adsorption state the water molecules are in at the interface: dissociated or molecular? Many, density-functional theory DFT studies predict either molecular or dissociative adsorption on the perfect

Alavi, Ali

213

EA-1523: Final Environmental Assessment  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Address Proposed Site Modifications at the Strategic Petroleum Reserve's West Hackberry Raw Water Intake Structure Site, Parish, Louisiana

214

High dietary methionine intake increases the risk of acute coronary events in middle-aged men  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Background and aim Homocysteine, a methionine metabolite, is suggested to be a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). To date, the effects of dietary intake of methionine, the key amino acid in homocysteine metabolism, on CVD have not been studied. Our aim was to examine the effects of dietary methionine intake on the risk of acute coronary events. Methods and results We examined the effects of dietary methionine intake, assessed with 4-d food record, on acute coronary events in a prospective cohort study consisting of 1981 coronary disease free men from eastern Finland, aged 42–60 years at baseline in 1984–89, in the Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor (KIHD) Study. During an average follow-up time of 14.0 years, 292 subjects experienced an acute coronary event. In a Cox proportional hazards model adjusting for age, examination years, BMI, urinary nicotine metabolites and protein intake (excluding methionine) the relative risks of acute coronary event in the three highest quarters of dietary methionine intake were 1.31 (95% CI: 0.92, 1.86), 1.31 (95% CI: 0.88, 1.96) and 2.08 (95% CI: 1.31, 3.29) as compared with the lowest quarter. Further adjustments did not change the results. However, opposite association was observed with total protein intake, which tended to decrease the risk. Conclusions The main finding of this study is that long-term, moderately high dietary methionine intake may increase the risk of acute coronary events in middle-aged Finnish men free of prior CHD. More prospective research is needed to confirm the role of dietary methionine in the development of CVD, and whether its effects are independent of homocysteine.

Jyrki K. Virtanen; Sari Voutilainen; Tiina H. Rissanen; Pertti Happonen; Jaakko Mursu; Jari A. Laukkanen; Henrik Poulsen; Timo A. Lakka; Jukka T. Salonen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

IEP - Water-Energy Interface: Regulatory Drivers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Regulatory Drivers Regulatory Drivers Several legislative acts are in place that could potentially impact water quality requirements and water use for fossil energy production as well as electricity generation. These acts regulate pollutant discharge and water intake directly and indirectly. Under regulations established by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), these Acts serve to maintain and improve the Nation's water resources for uses including but not limited to agricultural, industrial, nutritional, and recreational purposes. The Clean Water Act - The Federal Water Pollution Control Act, more commonly known as the Clean Water Act, provides for the regulation of discharges to the nation's surface waters. To address pollution, the act specifies that the discharge of any pollutant by any person is unlawful except when in compliance with applicable permitting requirements. Initial emphasis was placed on "point source" pollutant discharge, but 1987 amendments authorized measures to address "non-point source" discharges, including stormwater runoff from industrial facilities. Permits are issued under the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES), which designates the highest level of water pollution or lowest acceptable standards for water discharges. NPDES permits are typically administered by the individual states. With EPA approval, the states may implement standards more stringent than federal water quality standards, but may not be less stringent. Certain sections of the Act are particularly applicable to water issues related to power generation. These include:

216

Water Use Registration and Reporting (Wisconsin) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Registration and Reporting (Wisconsin) Registration and Reporting (Wisconsin) Water Use Registration and Reporting (Wisconsin) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Program Info Start Date 2011 State Wisconsin Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Natural Resources Large water supply systems (e.g. well or surface water intake pipes) with

217

The Mystery of Water  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Water is essential for our existence on this planet - critical to countless physical, biological, geological and chemical processes - it has defied scientific understanding. Exhibiting peculiar properties such as increased density upon melting and high surface tension, water is one of the most intriguing problems in condensed matter and chemical physics. Current research at SSRL, however, is illuminating the nature of H-bonding, presenting exciting new avenues of research and challenging existing models of water's structure.

Nilsson, Anders

2005-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

218

Abstract 823: Water-soluble ureidomustine (BO-1055) potently suppresses orthotopic 22Rv/HL2 prostate tumor xenografts: early preclinical studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...nitrate and nitrite, nitrate in drinking water, and ovarian cancer risk among postmenopausal...and nitrate is a contaminant of drinking water. We previously reported an increased ovarian...associated with higher nitrate intake in public water supplies in the Iowa Womens Health Study...

Tsann-Long Su; Yi-Ren Chen; Jae-Hung Shieh; Tung-Hu Tsai; Malcolm A.S. Moore; Te-Chang Lee

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Abstract A57: Water consumption and urinary arsenic concentrations among U.S. Hispanic, U.S. non-Hispanic, and Sonora, Mexico residents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Microdissected Human Prostate Specimens after Heavy Water Labeling In Vivo: Correlation with Prostate...Design: Three groups of men drank heavy water, a nonradioactive, stable isotopic tracer...Microdissection of prostate tissues following heavy water intake and subsequent biopsy or prostatectomy...

Robin Harris; Jason Roberge; Mercedes Meza; Luis Gutierrez-Millan

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Structural Basis of the 1H-Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectra of Ethanol–Water Solutions Based on Multivariate Curve Resolution Analysis of Mid-Infrared Spectra  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The 1H-nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) chemical shifts of ethanol and water hydroxyl groups show a pattern change at a critical ethanol concentration. Below the critical...

Hu, Naiping; Wu, Dan; Cross, Kelly J; Schaefer, Dale W

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water intake structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

The Association of Energy Intake with Body Mass in Children With and Without Probable Developmental Coordination Disorder.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Objective To determine if there is an association between energy intake (EI) and overweight or obesity status (OWOB) in children with and without probable developmental… (more)

Pryzbek, Michael

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

A Method to Determine the Optimal Tank Size for a Chilled Water Storage System Under a Time-of-Use Electricity Rate Structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the downtown area of Austin, it is planned to build a new naturally stratified chilled water storage tank and share it among four separated chilled water plants. An underground piping system is to be established to connect these four plants...

Zhang, Z.; Turner, W. D.; Chen, Q.; Xu, C.; Deng, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Calculation of Electron Detachment Energies for Water Cluster Anions: An Appraisal of Electronic Structure Methods, with Application to (H2O)20  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Calculation of Electron Detachment Energies for Water Cluster Anions: An Appraisal of Electronic; In Final Form: April 24, 2005 We present benchmark calculations of vertical electron detachment energies/3. On the other hand, these calculations use an electron- water pseudo-potential that is known to overbind

Herbert, John

224

Seafood intake and blood cadmium in a cohort of adult avid seafood consumers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Although the benefits of fish consumption are widely recognized, seafood may also be a source of exposure to heavy metals such as cadmium. Many types of seafood are rich in cadmium, but bioavailability and potential for toxicity after consumption is less clear. This study investigates the relationship between seafood intake and the level of cadmium (Cd) in the blood in a 252 person cohort of avid seafood consumers in the Long Island Study of Seafood Consumption (New York). Blood cadmium is an established biomarker of cadmium exposure, reflecting both recent and decade-long exposure. Data on the amounts and frequency of eating various types of seafood were self-reported by avid seafood consumers recruited in 2011–2012. After adjusting for age, BMI, sex, current smoking status, and income in a linear regression model, we found no association between regular seafood intake (? = ?0.01; p = 0.11) but did identify an association between salmon intake in cups/week (ln transformed) (? = 0.20; p = 0.001) and blood cadmium. After accounting for salmon, no other types of seafood were meaningfully associated with blood cadmium. No association was found between rice intake, blood zinc, or dietary iron or calcium and blood cadmium. Results suggest that seafood is not a major source of cadmium exposure, but that salmon intake does marginally increase blood cadmium levels. Given that cadmium levels in salmon are not higher than those in many other seafood species, the association with salmon intake is likely attributed to higher consumption of salmon in this population.

Stanford Guan; Tia Palermo; Jaymie Meliker

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Peanut, milk, and wheat intake during pregnancy is associated with reduced allergy and asthma in children  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Background Maternal diet during pregnancy may affect childhood allergy and asthma. Objective We sought to examine the associations between maternal intake of common childhood food allergens during early pregnancy and childhood allergy and asthma. Methods We studied 1277 mother-child pairs from a US prebirth cohort unselected for any disease. Using food frequency questionnaires administered during the first and second trimesters, we assessed maternal intake of common childhood food allergens during pregnancy. In mid-childhood (mean age, 7.9 years), we assessed food allergy, asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic dermatitis by questionnaire and serum-specific IgE levels. We examined the associations between maternal diet during pregnancy and childhood allergy and asthma. We also examined the cross-sectional associations between specific food allergies, asthma, and atopic conditions in mid-childhood. Results Food allergy was common (5.6%) in mid-childhood, as was sensitization to at least 1 food allergen (28.0%). Higher maternal peanut intake (each additional z score) during the first trimester was associated with 47% reduced odds of peanut allergic reaction (odds ratio [OR], 0.53; 95% CI, 0.30-0.94). Higher milk intake during the first trimester was associated with reduced asthma (OR, 0.83; 95% CI, 0.69-0.99) and allergic rhinitis (OR, 0.85; 95% CI, 0.74-0.97). Higher maternal wheat intake during the second trimester was associated with reduced atopic dermatitis (OR, 0.64; 95% CI, 0.46-0.90). Peanut, wheat, and soy allergy were each cross-sectionally associated with increased childhood asthma, atopic dermatitis, and allergic rhinitis (ORs, 3.6 to 8.1). Conclusion Higher maternal intake of peanut, milk, and wheat during early pregnancy was associated with reduced odds of mid-childhood allergy and asthma.

Supinda Bunyavanich; Sheryl L. Rifas-Shiman; Thomas A. Platts-Mills; Lisa Workman; Joanne E. Sordillo; Carlos A. Camargo Jr.; Matthew W. Gillman; Diane R. Gold; Augusto A. Litonjua

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

An Obesity-Associated FTO Gene Variant and Increased Energy Intake in Children  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Childhood obesity is a major public health problem in most affluent countries, despite policies targeted toward reducing its prevalence. Impaired glucose tolerance and type 2 diabetes are currently being diagnosed in overweight children,, along with associated risk factors for cardiovascular... This study genotyped children for an obesity-associated variant of the FTO gene and measured adiposity, energy expenditure, and food intake in a subsample. This variant does not appear to be involved in the regulation of energy expenditure but may play a role in the control of food intake and food choice.

Cecil J.E.Tavendale R.Watt P.Hetherington M.M.Palmer C.N.A.

2008-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

227

Trends in Energy Intake among US Children by Eating Location and Food Source, 1977-2006  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Background Little is known about the influence of location of food consumption and preparation upon daily energy intake of children. Objective To examine trends in daily energy intake by children for foods eaten at home or away from home, by source of preparation, and for combined categories of eating location and food source. Subjects The analysis uses data from 29,217 children aged 2 to 18 years from the 1977-1978 Nationwide Food Consumption Survey, 1989-1991 and 1994-1998 Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals, and 2003-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. Methods Nationally representative weighted percentages and means of daily energy intake by eating location were analyzed for trends from 1977 to 2006. Comparisons by food source were examined from 1994 to 2006. Analyses were repeated for three age groups: 2 to 6 years, 7 to 12 years, and 13 to 18 years. Difference testing was conducted using a t test. Results Increased energy intake (+179 kcal/day) by children from 1977-2006 was associated with a major increase in energy eaten away from home (+255 kcal/day). The percentage of daily energy eaten away from home increased from 23.4% to 33.9% from 1977-2006. No further increase was observed from 1994-2006, but the sources of energy shifted. The percentage of energy from fast food increased to surpass intake from schools and become the largest contributor to foods prepared away from home for all age groups. For foods eaten away from home, the percentage of daily energy from stores increased to become the largest source of energy eaten away from home. Fast food eaten at home and store-bought food eaten away from home increased significantly. Conclusions Eating location and food source significantly influence daily energy intake for children. Foods prepared away from home, including fast food eaten at home and store-prepared food eaten away from home, are fueling the increase in total energy intake. However, further research using alternative data sources is necessary to verify that store-bought foods eaten away from home are increasingly store-prepared.

Jennifer M. Poti; Barry M. Popkin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Effect of Water Quality on the Performance of Boiler in Nigerian Petroleum Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work investigates quality of water used in boilers of Refinery Company in Nigeria. The results shows that the quality of water fed to boilers are off specification. Low water quality used in boilers led to frequent failure of the boilers as a result of tube rupture. This has resulted into low capacity utilization and loss of processing fees. The poor performance of the boiler feed treatment plant is attributable to the deplorable condition of water intake plant, raw water treatment, demineralization plant, change in raw water quality and non-functioning of the polisher unit.

J. O. Odigure; A. S. Abdulkareem; E. T. Asuquo

229

PRE-INVESTIGATION WATER ELECTROLYSIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PRE-INVESTIGATION OF WATER ELECTROLYSIS PSO-F&U 2006-1-6287 Draft 04-02-2008 #12;2 Foreword This report is the result of an investigation of water electrolysis for hydrogen production in the energy in Denmark for in relation to water electrolysis. The report is structured as follows After an introduction

230

Dietary intake of acrylamide and epithelial ovarian cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...questionnaire-based acrylamide intake and EOC risk. Acrylamide was energy-adjusted using the residual method, and was evaluated both...and no evidence for a dose-response were observed between energy-adjusted acrylamide intake and EOC risk (HR10microg/day...

Mireia Obón-Santacana; Petra H. Peeters; Heinz Freisling; Laure Dossus; Francoise Clavel-Chapelon; Laura Baglietto; Helena Schock; Renée T. Fortner; Heiner Boeing; Anne Tjonneland; Anja Olsen; Kim Overvad; Virginia Menéndez; Maria-Jose Sanchez; Nerea Larranaga; José María Huerta Castaño; Aurelio Barricarte; Kay-Tee Khaw; Nick Wareham; Ruth C. Travis; Melissa A. Merritt; Antonia Trichopoulou; Dimitrios Trichopoulos; Philippos Orfanos; Giovanna Masala; Sabina Sieri; Rosario Tumino; Paolo Vineis; Amalia Mattiello; H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita; N. Charlotte Onland-Moret; Elisabet Wirfalt; Tanja Stocks; Annika Idahl; Eva Lundin; Guri Skeie; Inger T. Gram; Elisabete Weiderpass; Elio Riboli; Eric J. Duell

231

Dietary intake of acrylamide and epithelial ovarian cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Health Sciences, The Arctic University of Norway 35 Community Medicine, Faculty of Health...acrylamide intake and EOC risk. Acrylamide was energy-adjusted using the residual method...dose-response were observed between energy-adjusted acrylamide intake and EOC risk...

Mireia Obón-Santacana; Petra H. Peeters; Heinz Freisling; Laure Dossus; Francoise Clavel-Chapelon; Laura Baglietto; Helena Schock; Renée T. Fortner; Heiner Boeing; Anne Tjonneland; Anja Olsen; Kim Overvad; Virginia Menéndez; Maria-Jose Sanchez; Nerea Larranaga; José María Huerta Castaño; Aurelio Barricarte; Kay-Tee Khaw; Nick Wareham; Ruth C. Travis; Melissa A. Merritt; Antonia Trichopoulou; Dimitrios Trichopoulos; Philippos Orfanos; Giovanna Masala; Sabina Sieri; Rosario Tumino; Paolo Vineis; Amalia Mattiello; H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita; N. Charlotte Onland-Moret; Elisabet Wirfalt; Tanja Stocks; Annika Idahl; Eva Lundin; Guri Skeie; Inger T. Gram; Elisabete Weiderpass; Elio Riboli; and Eric J. Duell

232

The effects of ruminal and duodenal casein infusion on dry matter (DM) intake of red clover silage and rumen pool  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effects of ruminal and duodenal casein infusion on dry matter (DM) intake of red clover silage) infused continuously into rumen (R), duodenum (D) or both (RD) on forage intake, milk yield, chewing, J Anim Sci, 70, 3528-3540). Ruminal casein infusion tended to increase (P

Boyer, Edmond

233

Use of Silica-Encapsulated Pseudomonas sp. Strain NCIB 9816-4 in Biodegradation of Novel Hydrocarbon Ring Structures Found in Hydraulic Fracturing Waters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...hydrocarbons in hydraulic fracturing (fracking) wastewaters consist of fused, isolated...against the extremes of salinity present in fracking wastewaters. These studies demonstrate...water used in hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, operations are controversial and have...

Kelly G. Aukema; Lisa Kasinkas; Alptekin Aksan; Lawrence P. Wackett

2014-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

234

IN SITU STUDIES OF AQUEOUS CORROSION OF TARGET AND STRUCTURAL MATERIALS IN WATER IRRADIATED BY AN 800 MeV PROTON BEAM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as an equivalent electrical circuit. Thus, the polarization resistance, which is inversely proportional environment, elementary particles passing through water will lead to its radiolysis as follows:1 H2O OH, H, H

235

Water Electrolysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this chapter, water electrolysis technology and its applications for nuclear hydrogen ... of the chapter, a general classification of water electrolysis systems is given, the fundamentals of water electrolysis

Greg F. Naterer; Ibrahim Dincer…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Water Intoxication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2008, May 14). Too much water raises seizure risk in babies.id=4844 9. Schoenly, Lorry. “Water Intoxication and Inmates:article/246650- overview>. 13. Water intoxication alert. (

Lingampalli, Nithya

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Plasma Amino Acids and Insulin Luels in Obesity: Response to Carbohydrate Intake and Tryptophan Supplements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plasma Amino Acids and Insulin Luels in Obesity: Response to Carbohydrate Intake and Tryptophan Supplements Benjamin Caballero, Nicholas Finer, and Richard J. Wurtman We assessed the plasma amino acids-tryptophan (Trp), offered as a capsule. The obese group exhibited elevated plasma levels of the branched

Wurtman, Richard

238

Variable oxygen/nitrogen enriched intake air system for internal combustion engine applications  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An air supply control system for selectively supplying ambient air, oxygen enriched air and nitrogen enriched air to an intake of an internal combustion engine includes an air mixing chamber that is in fluid communication with the air intake. At least a portion of the ambient air flowing to the mixing chamber is selectively diverted through a secondary path that includes a selectively permeable air separating membrane device due a differential pressure established across the air separating membrane. The permeable membrane device separates a portion of the nitrogen in the ambient air so that oxygen enriched air (permeate) and nitrogen enriched air (retentate) are produced. The oxygen enriched air and the nitrogen enriched air can be selectively supplied to the mixing chamber or expelled to atmosphere. Alternatively, a portion of the nitrogen enriched air can be supplied through another control valve to a monatomic-nitrogen plasma generator device so that atomic nitrogen produced from the nitrogen enriched air can be then injected into the exhaust of the engine. The oxygen enriched air or the nitrogen enriched air becomes mixed with the ambient air in the mixing chamber and then the mixed air is supplied to the intake of the engine. As a result, the air being supplied to the intake of the engine can be regulated with respect to the concentration of oxygen and/or nitrogen.

Poola, Ramesh B. (Woodridge, IL); Sekar, Ramanujam R. (Naperville, IL); Cole, Roger L. (Elmhurst, IL)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Effect of level of fish meal on intake and performance in calves grazing sorghum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) supplement intake protein (SIP, g/kg BW) while to daily digestible forage organic matter and potentially digestible fiber as well as daily gains were unrelated. Fecal crude protein excreted (FCP, g/kg BW) and concentration (g/kg fecal OM) were positively...

Scaglia Alonso, Guillermo

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

240

ARTICLE IN PRESS Oxalate, calcium and ash intake and excretion balances in fat sand rats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

chelates Ca2+ , reducing Ca2+ availability in food and plasma (Concon, 1988). However, fat sand rats canARTICLE IN PRESS Oxalate, calcium and ash intake and excretion balances in fat sand rats (Psammomys Fat sand rats Psammomys obesus feed exclusively on plants of the family Chenopodiaceae, which contain

Vatnick, Itzick

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water intake structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

5-Hydroxy-L-tryptophan suppresses food intake in food-deprived and stressed rats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5-Hydroxy-L-tryptophan suppresses food intake in food-deprived and stressed rats Ahmed Amera , Jeff consumption and tissue 5-HTP levels among rats subjected to two different hyperphagic stimuli, food in a 1- h feeding test in food-deprived rats. In this study, both serotonin and 5-HTP exhibited anorectic

Wurtman, Richard

242

Increasing Vegetable and Fruit Intake: Randomized Intervention and Monitoring in an At-Risk Population  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...although the proportion of energy contributed by carbohydrates...1989-1991 Continuing Surveys of Food Intake by Individuals...national population-based survey, found that average...of fiber, and 15% of energy from fat. Similar to...one serving each of dark green vegetables, yellow-orange...

Stephanie A. Smith-Warner; Patricia J. Elmer; Theresa M. Tharp; Lisa Fosdick; Bryan Randall; Myron Gross; James Wood; and John D. Potter

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Method and apparatus for reducing cold-phase emissions by utilizing oxygen-enriched intake air  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An oxygen-enriched air intake control system for an internal combustion engine includes air directing apparatus to control the air flow into the intake of the engine. During normal operation of the engine, ambient air flowing from an air filter of the engine flows through the air directing apparatus into the intake of the engine. In order to decrease the amount of carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrocarbon (HC) emissions that tend to be produced by the engine during a short period of time after the engine is started, the air directing apparatus diverts for a short period of time following the start up of the engine at least a portion of the ambient air from the air filter through a secondary path. The secondary path includes a selectively permeable membrane through which the diverted portion of the ambient air flows. The selectively permeable membrane separates nitrogen and oxygen from the diverted air so that oxygen enriched air containing from about 23% to 25% oxygen by volume is supplied to the intake of the engine.

Poola, Ramesh B. (Woodridge, IL); Sekar, Ramanujam R. (Naperville, IL); Stork, Kevin C. (Chicago, IL)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Contribution of cod liver oil related nutrients –vitamins A, D, E and eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid- to daily nutrient intake and their associations with plasma concentrations in the EPIC-Norfolk cohort  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Background: Total Nutrient Intake (TNI) is intake from food and supplements. This provides assessment of nutrient adequacy, prevalence of excessive intake as well as response on biomarkers. Cod liver oil (CLO) is the most frequently consumed...

Lentjes, Marleen A. H.; Mulligan, Angela A.; Welch, Ailsa A.; Bhaniani, Amit; Luben, Robert N.; Khaw, Kay-Tee

2014-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

245

Energy Intake and Risk of Postmenopausal Breast Cancer: An Expanded Analysis in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial (PLCO) Cohort  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...high (4.5) diet quality score groups (P 0...survivors with low diet quality scores had lower intake of total energy, protein, carbohydrate...for age and total energy intake (Model 1...covariates and diet quality scores, the risk...

Laura Y. Sue; Catherine Schairer; Xiaomei Ma; Craig Williams; Shih-Chen Chang; Anthony B. Miller; Catherine A. McCarty; Bradley J. Willcox; and Regina G. Ziegler

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Age-dependent modulation of central ghrelin effects on food intake and lipid metabolism in rats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Ghrelin is an endogenous peptide potentially useful in therapy of anorexia and other age-related metabolic disturbances. We evaluated the influence of age on the orexigenic and lipid metabolism-altering effects of ghrelin. Peripubertal, young, adult and middle-aged rats (1, 2, 7 and 12 months old, respectively) were treated with 5 daily intracerebroventricular injections of ghrelin (0.15 nmol) or saline (control). The food intake was measured daily before treatment, while white adipose tissue and serum/plasma samples for detection of lipid metabolites/hormones were collected at the end of the experiment. The values of cumulative food intake and body weight gain declined, while the white adipose tissue deposits and blood concentrations of triglycerides, cholesterol and free fatty acids all increased with age. Ghrelin significantly increased all parameters, but the stimulatory effects on body weight gain and food intake were more pronounced in peripubertal/young rats, while the increase in white adipose mass, triglyceride and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels was more noticeable in adult/middle-aged animals. The decrease in sensitivity to ghrelin-mediated stimulation of food intake in older animals could not be explained by alterations in ghrelin's ability to reduce anorexigenic hormones insulin and leptin. However, the higher responsiveness of aged rats to ghrelin-mediated increase in lipid metabolites was accompanied by an increase in adrenocorticotropic hormone and corticosterone levels. These results indicate that aging, while reducing sensitivity to ghrelin-mediated increase in body weight gain and food intake, might enhance the responsiveness to the stimulatory effects of ghrelin on lipid metabolites and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity.

Dejan M. Nesic; Darko M. Stevanovic; Sanja D. Stankovic; Verica L. Milosevic; Vladimir Trajkovic; Vesna P. Starcevic; Walter B. Severs

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Application of metal oxide heterostructures in arsenic removal from contaminated water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It has become one of the major environmental problems for people worldwide to be exposed to high arsenic concentrations through contaminated drinking water, and even the long-term intake of small doses of arsenic has a carcinogenic effect. As an efficient ...

Lei Chen, Hongchuan Xin, Yuan Fang, Cong Zhang, Feng Zhang, Xing Cao, Chunhui Zhang, Xuebing Li

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL GLERL-94 LAKE ERIE WATER TEMPERATURE DATA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

extends about 1.25 miles offshore from the Chestnut Street plant; the intake depth is 27-30' below temperature data are from Erie, Pennsylvania's Chestnut Street plant. The plant superintendent, Mr. John the peninsula that forms the bay. Water temperatures are taken in the plant six times a week (never on Sunday

249

Marketing water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

management, water conservation programs Story by Kathy Wythe tx H2O | pg. 17 public information programs and materials that increase awareness about regional water issues. The company recently opened the TecH2O, a water resource learning center...tx H2O | pg. 16 W ith rapid population growth and the memory of the worst drought in 50 years, cities and groups are promoting programs that educate their constituents about water quality, water conservation, and landscape management. Many...

Wythe, Kathy

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Surface Water Sampling | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Surface Water Sampling Surface Water Sampling Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Surface Water Sampling Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Field Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Field Sampling Parent Exploration Technique: Water Sampling Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Stratigraphic/Structural: Hydrological: Water composition and source of fluids Thermal: Water temperature Dictionary.png Surface Water Sampling: Water sampling is done to characterize the chemical, thermal, or hydrological properties of a surface or subsurface aqueous system. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Introduction Surface water sampling of hot and cold spring discharges has traditionally

251

Purine-Rich Foods, Dairy and Protein Intake, and the Risk of Gout in Men  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Gout is the most common form of inflammatory arthritis in men, affecting as many as 3.4 million men in the United States. Patients with gout are typically advised to avoid habitual intake of purine-rich foods such as meats, seafood, purine-rich vegetables, and animal protein (as a proxy for purines... Purine-rich foods and protein intake have been proposed as risk factors for gout, and consumption of dairy products has been proposed as a protective factor. This study prospectively examined the relationship between purported dietary risk factors and the incidence of gout over a 12-year period among 47,150 men who did not have gout at base line; 730 new cases of gout were documented.

Choi H.K.Atkinson K.Karlson E.W.Willett W.Curhan G.

2004-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

252

Comparison of the intake and digestibility of different diets in Ilamas and sheep  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conditions in llamas, which are more efficient in digesting plant cell walls than sheep. MATERIALS efficient than that of sheep. intake / digestibility / roughage / sheep / Ilama Résumé -Comparaison de l, lamas et moutons ont ingéré la même quantité de foin (17,4 glkg PV), mais les lamas ont ingéré 14% de

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

253

Evaluation of Postpartum Reproductive Performance in Brahman Females with Divergent Residual Feed Intake  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- day trials have become the most common practice. Robinson et al. (1997) observed distinct differences between Bos taurus and Bos indicus cattle in feeding patterns when maintained in the same feedlot environment. Therefore, Archer and Bergh... by development of a functional corpus luteum (Short, 1984; Kinder et al., 1987). After this point, reproduction can occur and puberty is achieved (Robinson, 1977). Placement of heifers in an environment of limited dietary intake or on a low plane...

Poovey, Anna Kathryn

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

254

Growth performance, voluntary intake and nutrient digestibility in horses grazing Bermudagrass pastures and fed Bermudagrass hay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intake of Forages Digestibility of Cell-Wall Constituents Digestibility of Crude Protein in Forages Digestibility of Gross Energy in Forages Relationships Between Availability of Forage and Animal Production Relationships Between Forage IIuality... of growth to reach mature size, which places an importance on maximum production per animal. Research conducted with ruminants has utilized regression analyses to describe the relationship between average daily gain and stocking rate. Peterson et al...

Aiken, Glen Eris

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

255

The effect of post-exercise drink macronutrient content on appetite and energy intake  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Carbohydrate and protein ingestion post-exercise are known to facilitate muscle glycogen resynthesis and protein synthesis, respectively, but the effects of post-exercise nutrient intake on subsequent appetite are unknown. This study aimed to investigate whether protein induced satiety that has been reported at rest was still evident when pre-loads were consumed in a post-exercise context. Using a randomised, double blind, crossover design, 12 unrestrained healthy males completed 30?min of continuous cycling exercise at ~60% VO2peak, followed by five, 3?min intervals at ~85% VO2peak. Ten min post-exercise, subjects consumed 500?ml of either a low energy placebo (15?kJ) (PLA); a 6% whey protein isolate drink (528?kJ) (PRO); or a 6% sucrose drink (528?kJ) (CHO). Sixty min after drink ingestion, a homogenous ad-libitum pasta lunch was provided and energy intake at this lunch was quantified. Subjective appetite ratings were measured at various stages of the protocol. Energy consumed at the ad-libitum lunch was lower after PRO (5831?±?960?kJ) than PLA (6406?±?492?kJ) (P??0.315). Considering the post-exercise drink, total energy intake was not different between trials (P?=?0.383). There were no differences between trials for any of the subjective appetite ratings. The results demonstrate that where post-exercise liquid protein ingestion may enhance the adaptive response of skeletal muscle, this may be possible without affecting gross energy intake relative to consuming a low energy drink.

David J. Clayton; David J. Stensel; Phillip Watson; Lewis J. James

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Copper intake and health threat by consuming seafood from copper-contaminated coastal environments in Taiwan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to describe the impact of copper pollution on the main aquaculture coast of Taiwan and the potential risk from eating the green oysters cultured along the polluted coast. The data show that the highest average concentration of copper in oysters was observed in the Erhjin Chi estuary from 1986 to 1990. The copper concentration in both the seawater and the sediment collected along the Erhjin Chi estuary was also the highest in all sampling locations. Copper concentration in oysters collected from Erhjin Chi, Hsiangshan, and Anping from 1988 to 1990 was, respectively, 61, 29, and 22 times higher than that of 10 years ago. The potential frisk from consuming oysters is relatively higher than that of other seafoods due the high bioaccumulation of oysters. The oysters in the Erhjin Chi estuary had an average concentration of copper of 3,075 [+-] 826 [mu]g/g during the past three years (1988--1990). The average copper intake from oysters for an adult with 70 kg body weight was 12.6 mg/d. The estimate indicated that the average copper intake from the oysters for female individuals is 14 times more than that of international limits. Based on the average value, long-term intake of copper through consumption of oysters cultured along the Erhjin Chi estuary be critical, especially for some high-risk groups.

Han, B.C. (Taipei Medical Coll. (Taiwan, Province of China). School of Public Health); Jeng, W.L.; Hung, T.C. (National Taiwan Univ., Taipei (Taiwan, Province of China). Inst. of Oceanography); Jeng, M.S. (Academia Sinica, Taipei (Taiwan, Province of China). Inst. of Zoology)

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

The use of NMR techniques for the analysis of water in coal and the effect of different coal drying techniques on the structure and reactivity of coal. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Western Research Institute has conducted a study of different methods of coal drying as pretreatment steps before liquefaction. The objectives of this study were to develop a combined chemical dehydration/nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) method for measuring the moisture content of coal, to measure the changes in coal structure that occur during drying, and to determine the effects of different drying methods on liquefaction reactivity of coals. Different methods of drying were investigated to determine whether coal drying can be accomplished without reducing the reactivity of coals toward liquefaction. Drying methods included thermal, microwave, and chemical dehydration. Coals of rank lignite to high volatile bituminous were studied. Coals that were dried or partially dried thermally and with microwaves had lower liquefaction conversions than coals containing equilibrium moisture contents. However, chemically dried coals had conversions equal to or greater than the premoisturized coals. The conversion behavior is consistent with changes in the physical structure and cross linking reactions because of drying. Thermal and microwave drying appear to cause a collapse in the pore structure, thus preventing donor solvents such as tetralin from contacting reactive sites inside the coals. Chemical dehydration does not appear to collapse the pore structure. These results are supported by the solvent swelling measurements in which the swelling ratios of thermally dried and microwave-dried coals were lower than those of premoisturized coals, indicating a greater degree of cross linking in the dried coals. The swelling ratios of the chemically dried coals were greater than those of the premoisturized coals because the pore structure remaining unchanged or increased when water was removed. These results are consistent with the NMR results, which did not show significant changes in coal chemical structure.

Netzel, D.A.; Miknis, F.P.; Wallace, J.C. Jr.; Butcher, C.H.; Mitzel, J.M.; Turner, T.F.; Hurtubise, R.J.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Association of Nut and Seed Intake with Colorectal Cancer Risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, and United Kingdom...the top and bottom 1 of the ratio of energy intake to estimated energy requirement...Denmark, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, and United Kingdom...

Mazda Jenab; Pietro Ferrari; Nadia Slimani; Teresa Norat; Corinne Casagrande; Kim Overad; Anja Olsen; Connie Stripp; Anne Tjønneland; Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault; Françoise Clavel-Chapelon; Emmanuelle Kesse; Alexandra Nieters; Manuela Bergmann; Heiner Boeing; Androniki Naska; Antonia Trichopoulou; Domenico Palli; Vittorio Krogh; Egidio Celentano; Rosario Tumino; Carlotta Sacerdote; Hendrik B. Bueno-de-Mesquita; Marga C. Ocké; Petra H.M. Peeters; Dagrun Engeset; José R. Quirós; Carlos A. González; Carmen Martínez; Maria D. Chirlaque; Eva Ardanaz; Miren Dorronsoro; Peter Wallström; Richard Palmqvist; Bethany Van Guelpen; Sheila Bingham; Miguel A. San Joaquin; Rodolfo Saracci; Rudolf Kaaks; and Elio Riboli

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

A Probabilistic Approach for Deriving Acceptable Human Intake Limits and Human Health Risks from Toxicological Studies: General Framework  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of uncertainty factors in the standard method for deriving acceptable intake or exposure limits for humans, such as the Reference Dose (RfD), may be viewed as a conservative method of taking various un...

W. Slob; M. N. Pieters

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Laboratories for the 21st Century: Best Practices Guide: Modeling Exhaust Dispersion for Specifying Acceptable Exhaust/Intake Design  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Guide describes general information on specifying acceptable exhaust and intake designs. It also provides various quantitative approaches that can be used to determine expected concentration levels resulting from exhaust system emissions.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water intake structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Report of the Nuclear Energy Agency Expert Group on Gut Transfer Factors: Implications for Dose per Unit Intake  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Radiation Protection Dosimetry Article Report of the Nuclear Energy Agency Expert Group on Gut Transfer Factors: Implications...transfer factors recommended by an Expert Group of the Nuclear Energy Agency for intakes of certain important elements in......

G.M. Kendall; J.D. Harrison; T.P. Fell

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

The Combined Effects of Dietary Fat, Protein, and Energy Intake on Azoxymethane-induced Intestinal and Renal Carcinogenesis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Dietary Fat, Protein, and Energy Intake on Azoxymethane-induced...doubled the percentage of energy provided by those sources...choline, and cellulose to energy were constant. The vitamin and mineral mix tures were those recommended...

Steven K. Clinton; Peter B. Imrey; Heather J. Mangian; Steve Nandkumar; and Willard J. Visek

1992-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

263

Inhalation and Ingestion Intakes with Associated Dose Estimates for Level II and Level III Personnel Using Capstone Study Data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Depleted uranium (DU) intake rates and subsequent dose rates were estimated for personnel entering armored combat vehicles perforated with DU penetrators (level II and level III personnel) using data generated during the Capstone Depleted Uranium (DU) Aerosol Study. Inhalation intake rates and associated dose rates were estimated from cascade impactors worn by sample recovery personnel and from cascade impactors that served as area monitors. Ingestion intake rates and associated dose rates were estimated from cotton gloves worn by sample recovery personnel and from wipe test samples from the interior of vehicles perforated with large caliber DU munitions. The mean DU inhalation intake rate for level II personnel ranged from 0.447 mg h-1 based on breathing zone monitor data (in and around a perforated vehicle) to 14.5 mg h-1 based on area monitor data (in a perforated vehicle). The mean DU ingestion intake rate for level II ranged from 4.8 mg h-1 to 38.9 mg h-1 based on the wipe test data including surface to glove transfer factors derived from the Capstone data. Based on glove contamination data, the mean DU ingestion intake rates for level II and level III personnel were 10.6 mg h-1 was and 1.78 mg h-1, respectively. Effective dose rates and peak kidney uranium concentration rates were calculated based on the intake rates. The peak kidney uranium concentration rate cannot be multiplied by the total exposure duration when multiple intakes occur because uranium will clear from the kidney between the exposures.

Szrom, Fran; Falo, Gerald A.; Lodde, Gordon M.; Parkhurst, MaryAnn; Daxon, Eric G.

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

The effects of a marginal intake of magnesium with soy protein concentrate on growth, gestation, and lactation in the rat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) The factors that regulate the intestinal absorption of magnesium are poorly understood. In humans, magnesium is absorbed mainly in the jejunum and the ileum and through an active transport mechanism (9). The level of intake of magnesium rnfluences its... of magnesium (7) Homeostatic controls have been reported to maintarn magnesium balance by renal and to a lesser degree by gastrointestinal mechanisms (8, 9). When the intake of magnesium is decreased, the urinary excretion decreases. However...

McLaughlin, Cynthia Anne

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

265

Water Bugs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Bugs Bugs Nature Bulletin No. 221-A March 12, 1966 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation WATER BUGS It is fascinating to lie in a boat or on a log at the edge of the water and watch the drama that unfolds among the small water animals. Among the star performers in small streams and ponds are the Water Bugs. These are aquatic members of that large group of insects called the "true bugs", most of which live on land. Moreover, unlike many other types of water insects, they do not have gills but get their oxygen directly from the air. Those that do go beneath the surface usually carry an oxygen supply with them in the form of a shiny glistening sheath of air imprisoned among a covering of fine waterproof hairs. The common water insect known to small boys at the "Whirligig Bug" is not a water bug but a beetle.

266

UNL WATER CENTER WATER CURRENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INSIDE UNL WATER CENTER WATER CURRENT PROTECTING NEBRASKAíS WATER RESOURCES THROUGH RESEARCH with a vision, thereís an untapped market using resources right under our feet,î the University of Nebraska outdoors in India, Bangladesh, China and Viet- nam. Thousands of them have been grown to harvest

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

267

Structure and function of gas vacuoles.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...overlying gas phase to atmospheric pressure. Volume...film of surrounding water. From the results...to force liquid water in- side the structure...would also prevent water from accumulating inside by condensation (105). FORMATION...

A E Walsby

1972-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

A numerical soil-water-balance (SWB) model was used to estimate groundwater recharge in the Williston and Powder River structural basins in the Northern Great Plains.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the Williston and Powder River structural basins in the Northern Great Plains. The SWB model consisted of 1 km2 to 2011. Average calculated recharge in the Williston basin was 0.190 in/yr (1,281 ft3 /sec) and ranged.1 percent of precipitation in the Williston basin. Average recharge in the Powder River basin was 0.136 in

Torgersen, Christian

269

water pipeline gallery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

water pipeline gallery, water pipeline drift; water pipeline tunnel (US) ? Wasserleitungsrohrstollen m

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Water and Gold: A Promising Mix for Future Batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Water and Gold: A Promising Mix for Future Batteries Water and Gold: A Promising Mix for Future Batteries Berkeley Lab Study Reveals Molecular Structure of Water at Gold Electrodes...

271

Formation mechanism of ethanol-water excimer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fluorescent spectrum and the excitation spectrum were used to present the cluster molecular structure feature in ethanol-water solutions. Through analyzing the fluorescent...

Liu, Ying; Shao, Hua; Ni, Xiaowu; Lu, Jian

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Ground Water Ground Sky Sky Water Vegetation Ground Vegetation Water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bear Snow Vegetation RhinoWater Vegetation Ground Water Ground Sky Sky Rhino Water Vegetation Ground Vegetation Water Rhino Water Vegetation Ground Rhino Water Rhino Water Ground Ground Vegetation Water Rhino Vegetation Rhino Vegetation Ground Rhino Vegetation Ground Sky Rhino Vegetation Ground Sky

Chen, Tsuhan

273

Water's Hydrogen Bond Strength  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water is necessary both for the evolution of life and its continuance. It possesses particular properties that cannot be found in other materials and that are required for life-giving processes. These properties are brought about by the hydrogen bonded environment particularly evident in liquid water. Each liquid water molecule is involved in about four hydrogen bonds with strengths considerably less than covalent bonds but considerably greater than the natural thermal energy. These hydrogen bonds are roughly tetrahedrally arranged such that when strongly formed the local clustering expands, decreasing the density. Such low density structuring naturally occurs at low and supercooled temperatures and gives rise to many physical and chemical properties that evidence the particular uniqueness of liquid water. If aqueous hydrogen bonds were actually somewhat stronger then water would behave similar to a glass, whereas if they were weaker then water would be a gas and only exist as a liquid at sub-zero temperatures. The overall conclusion of this investigation is that water's hydrogen bond strength is poised centrally within a narrow window of its suitability for life.

Martin Chaplin

2007-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

274

Prospects of using caissonless water-wedge ship lifts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1. Caissonless water-wedge lifts are an effective type of navigation structure for overcoming large differences ...

G. V. Simakov; A. B. Moshkov; P. A. Garibin

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Association between Water Consumption from Polycarbonate Containers and Bisphenol A Intake during Harsh Environmental Conditions in Summer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The optimized detector parameters were as follows: gas temperature, 300 °C; sheath gas heater, 250 °C; capillary voltage, 3500 V; gas flow, 10 L·min–1; sheath gas flow, 11 L·min–1; and nebulilizer, 40 psi. ... Ministry of Agriculture, Environmental and Natural Resources, Nicosia, Cyprus, 2012. ...

K. C. Makris; S. S. Andra; A. Jia; L. Herrick; C. A. Christophi; S. A. Snyder; R. Hauser

2013-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

276

Pars compacta of the substantia nigra modulates motor activity but is not involved importantly in regulating food and water intake  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Precise, bilateral radio-frequency lesions of pars compacta of the substantia nigra in rats resulted in the immediate and sustained appearance of hyperactivity, but such lesions did not produce significant altera...

Gordon K. Hodge; Larry L. Butcher

277

Environmental Assessment for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve West Hackberry Facility Raw Water Intake Pipeline Replacement Cameron and Calcasieu Parishes, Louisiana  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The proposed action and three alternatives, including a No Build alternative, were evaluated along the existing RWIPL alignment to accommodate the placement of the proposed RWIPL. Construction feasibility, reasonableness and potential environmental impacts were considered during the evaluation of the four actions (and action alternatives) for the proposed RWIPL activities. Reasonable actions were identified as those actions which were considered to be supported by common sense and sound technical principles. Feasible actions were those actions which were considered to be capable of being accomplished, practicable and non-excessive in terms of cost. The evaluation process considered the following design specifications, which were determined to be important to the feasibility of the overall project. The proposed RWIPL replacement project must therefore: (1) Comply with the existing design basis and criteria, (2) Maintain continuity of operation of the facility during construction, (3)Provide the required service life, (4) Be cost effective, (5)Improve the operation and maintenance of the pipeline, and (6) Maintain minimal environmental impact while meeting the performance requirements. Sizing of the pipe, piping construction materials, construction method (e.g., open-cut trench, directional drilling, etc.) and the acquisition of new Right-of-Way (ROW) were additionally evaluated in the preliminary alternative identification, selection and screening process.

N /A

2004-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

278

Reusing Water  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Reusing Water Reusing Water Reusing Water Millions of gallons of industrial wastewater is recycled at LANL by virtue of a long-term strategy to treat wastewater rather than discharging it into the environment. April 12, 2012 Water from cooling the supercomputer is release to maintain a healthy wetland. Contact Environmental Communication & Public Involvement P.O. Box 1663 MS M996 Los Alamos, NM 87545 (505) 667-0216 Email We reuse the same water up to six times before releasing it back into the environment cleaner than when it was pumped. How many times does LANL reuse water? Wastewater is generated from some of the facilities responsible for the Lab's biggest missions, such as the cooling towers of the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center, one of the Lab's premier science research

279

Wildfire and the Future of Water Supply  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(23-25) This new wildfire regime includes “mega-fires”, a new class of rare wildfires with behavior that exceeds all efforts at control, regardless of the type, size, or number of fire suppression resources deployed. ... Despite these efforts, a $30-million dredging project was required in 2010 to remove ?480,000 m3 of sediment from the Strontia Springs Reservoir—enough to cover a football field to a depth of 61 m.(52) In 2012, severe wildfires (Waldo Canyon, Hewlett Gulch, and High Park) burned forests throughout Colorado, necessitating the installation of upstream monitors to gauge ash and sediment levels, diversion of sooty water from treatment plant intakes, and restoration efforts to prevent mud, debris, and ash from entering water supplies. ...

Kevin D. Bladon; Monica B. Emelko; Uldis Silins; Micheal Stone

2014-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

280

Water Management  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Water Management This department applies multi-disciplinary science and technology-based modeling to assess complex environmental systems. It integrates ecology, anthropology, and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water intake structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

NETL: Water-Energy Interface - Power Plant Water Management  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Environmentally-Safe Control of Zebra Mussel Fouling - Environmentally-Safe Control of Zebra Mussel Fouling - New York State Education Department Coal-fired power plants within North America need an effective, economical, and non-polluting technique for managing infestations of zebra mussels within their facilities, particularly in cooling water intake systems. Unfortunately, due to a lack of options, many facilities have relied on the use of broad-spectrum, chemical biocides for control of these freshwater, macro-fouling mussels. Biocide treatments, such as continuous chlorination for three weeks, are widely regarded as environmentally unacceptable. Chlorine, for example, can combine with organic compounds in water resulting in the formation of trihalomethanes, dioxins, and other potentially carcinogenic substances. Because of this, there is growing concern within the power generation industry that such broad-spectrum biocides will be banned by individual states and/or the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. This would result in a crisis situation for the electric utility industry. Even if such an outright ban does not occur, the reduction in the use of such biocides is generally viewed by coal-fired and other power generating industries as environmentally prudent and desirable.

282

Sources of biological variation in residual feed intake in growing and finishing steers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

measure of feed efficiency that does not attempt to partition feed intake into growth and maintenance components (Arthur et al., 1996; Hennessy and Arthur, 2004). Feed requirements for maintenance are estimated to account for 60-65% of the total feed.... In growing bulls, Fox (2004) reported that RGE was strongly correlated with ADG (r = 0.75), but was not correlated with DMI. Partial efficiency of growth. Partial efficiency of growth (PEG) is defined as the ratio of ADG to DMI expected for growth...

Brown, Erin Gwen

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

283

The use of solid-state NMR techniques for the analysis of water in coal and the effect of different coal drying techniques on the structure and reactivity of coal. Quarterly report, March 1, 1994--May 31, 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One area for improvement in the economics of coal liquefaction is coal drying, particularly for the lower rank coals. However, there is considerable evidence to show that drying has a detrimental effect on the liquefaction behavior of coals. Regarding the liquefaction of coal, there does not appear to have been any systematic study of the methods of coal drying on coal structure and the role water plays in enhancing or lessening coal reactivity toward liquefaction. For the research program reported here, different methods of drying are being investigated to determine if drying can be accomplished without destroying coal reactivity toward liquefaction. In an effort to understand the mechanism of water for enhancing coal liquefaction yield, the reactions of D{sub 2}O with the molecular constituents of coal during coal liquefaction are being investigated. This study involves the use of solution-state deuterium NMR, as well as, conventional solution-state {sup 1}H and {sup 13}C NMR analyses of the coal, and the coal liquids and residue from a coal liquefaction process. These D{sub 2}O transfer reactions will be conducted on coals which have been dried by various methods and rehydrated using D{sub 2}O and by successive exchange of H{sub 2}O associated with the coals with D{sub 2}O. The drying methods include thermal, microwave, and chemical dehydration of the coal.

Netzel, D.A.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Viscosity of Interfacial Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effective shear viscosity and frequency-dependent dynamic oscillatory shear spectra of water containing monovalent or divalent ions (ionic strength 25 mM), confined between mica crystals at 1–2 water molecules thickness, oscillated with twist angle with the period expected for the pseudohexagonal surface lattice. The effective viscosity varied by orders of magnitude as the twist angle was changed. Confinement appeared to imprint lateral spatial correlation on the ultrathin liquid, the more so the better the confining lattices were aligned, but the oft-proposed “ice structure” was not observed dynamically.

Yingxi Zhu and Steve Granick

2001-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

285

High-Rate Seafood Consumers near Sellafield: Comparison of Conventional Assessments of 137Cs Intakes with the Results of Whole-Body Monitoring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Radiation Protection Dosimetry Article High-Rate Seafood Consumers near Sellafield: Comparison of Conventional Assessments of 137Cs Intakes with the Results of Whole-Body Monitoring......

G.J. Hunt; D.R.P. Leonard; F.A. Fry

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Effect of Intake Air Filter Condition on Light-Duty Gasoline Vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Proper maintenance can help vehicles perform as designed, positively affecting fuel economy, emissions, and the overall drivability. This effort investigates the effect of one maintenance factor, intake air filter replacement, with primary focus on vehicle fuel economy, but also examining emissions and performance. Older studies, dealing with carbureted gasoline vehicles, have indicated that replacing a clogged or dirty air filter can improve vehicle fuel economy and conversely that a dirty air filter can be significantly detrimental to fuel economy. The effect of clogged air filters on the fuel economy, acceleration and emissions of five gasoline fueled vehicles is examined. Four of these were modern vehicles, featuring closed-loop control and ranging in model year from 2003 to 2007. Three vehicles were powered by naturally aspirated, port fuel injection (PFI) engines of differing size and cylinder configuration: an inline 4, a V6 and a V8. A turbocharged inline 4-cylinder gasoline direct injection (GDI) engine powered vehicle was the fourth modern gasoline vehicle tested. A vintage 1972 vehicle equipped with a carburetor (open-loop control) was also examined. Results reveal insignificant fuel economy and emissions sensitivity of modern vehicles to air filter condition, but measureable effects on the 1972 vehicle. All vehicles experienced a measured acceleration performance penalty with clogged intake air filters.

Thomas, John F [ORNL] [ORNL; Huff, Shean P [ORNL] [ORNL; West, Brian H [ORNL] [ORNL; Norman, Kevin M [ORNL] [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Water hammer with fluidstructure interaction in thick-walled pipes A.S. Tijsseling *  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The model is based on conventional water-hammer and beam theories. Fluid­structure interaction (FSI­structure interaction. The numerical simulation of water-hammer events (with and without fluid­structure interaction

Tijsseling, A.S.

288

FT-IR Spectra of Water in Microporous KBr Pellets and Water's Desorption Kinetics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The structure and spectra of water adsorbed on microporous (pore size <3 ?m) KBr pellets were investigated, with the use of an infrared absorption technique at 220 < T...

Malhotra, V M; Jasty, S; Mu, R

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Water Transport Exploratory Studies  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Exploratory Studies Exploratory Studies Office of Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Infrastructure Technologies 2007 kickoff meeting February 13-14, 2007 DOE Forrestal Building Rod Borup Mukundan Rangachary, Bryan Pivovar, Yu Seung Kim, John Davey, David Wood, Tom Springer, Muhammad Arif , Ken Chen, Simon Cleghorn, Will Johnson, Karren More, Peter Wilde, Tom Zawodzinski Los Alamos National Lab This presentation does not contain any proprietary or confidential information Objectives * Develop understanding of water transport in PEM Fuel Cells (non-design-specific) * Evaluate structural and surface properties of materials affecting water transport and performance * Develop (enable) new components and operating methods * Accurately model water transport within the fuel cell * Develop a better understanding of the effects of

290

Investigating Water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

........................................................................................... 193 Lesson 11 Water and Pollution........................................................................................................................ 195 Activity 11.1, Pollution, Pollution, Everywhere...! ............................................................................. 205 Record Sheet 11.1, Pollution, Pollution, Everywhere! ..................................................................... 207 Activity 11.2, Pollution at Its Source...

Howard Jr., Ronald A.

2002-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

291

Water Privatisation   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation deals with the policy issues of large-scale, urban water privatisation projects in the face of uncertainty and variability. The main objective is to evaluate whether a single policy approach, namely privatisation associated...

Zölls, Elisa

2011-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

292

Computerized Waters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with WRAP. TWRI Technical Report 283, April 2005. This report serves as an introductory tutorial to help new users apply the model quickly for basic water availability modeling applications. ? Comparative Evaluation of Generalized Reservoir...

Wythe, Kathy

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Water Electrolysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Production of ammonium sulfate fertilizer via synthetic ammonia was a national project in Japan just after World War II, and water electrolysis as the source of hydrogen was active....3 of hydrogen and 700 Nm3 of...

Fumio Hine

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Water Pollution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Coal bed methane (CBM) gas recovery techniques are unique compared to other production methods. Formation water must be removed, or “dewatered” as it holds the methane gas in the coal seam by hydrostatic pressure...

Alireza Bahadori; Malcolm Clark; Bill Boyd

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Effects of Residual Feed Intake Classification on Temperament, Carcass Composition, and Feeding Behavior Traits in Growing Santa Gertrudis Heifers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

individual animal feed intake and behavior in large groups remained difficult until RFID-based technology was developed in the mid-1970s (Eradus and Jansen, 1999). While the costs associated with measuring individual feed intake in cattle are expensive... traits in large groups of animals using radio frequency identification (RFID) tags. The antenna located within the rim of the feed bunk reads the RFID tag as the animal enters the bunk via the neck bars. A wireless signal is then sent to a data...

Ramirez, Justin A

2014-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

296

Possible relation of water structural relaxation to water anomalies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...TM = 273 K at atmospheric pressure...technique at 54 kHz (35), the SS technique at 100 MHz (36), and...E Stat Phys Plasmas Fluids Relat...and tables for atmospheric-pressure and...E Stat Phys Plasmas Fluids Relat...

Francesco Mallamace; Carmelo Corsaro; H. Eugene Stanley

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Association of Energy Intake and Energy Balance with Postmenopausal Breast Cancer in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...risk of women with a favorable energy balance. Our findings are compatible...nonsignificant, associations between energy intake and breast cancer (22, 23). In a study from Norway (22), women in the highest quartile of energy intake had an increased breast...

Shih-Chen Chang; Regina G. Ziegler; Barbara Dunn; Rachael Stolzenberg-Solomon; James V. Lacey, Jr.; Wen-Yi Huang; Arthur Schatzkin; Douglas Reding; Robert N. Hoover; Patricia Hartge; and Michael F. Leitzmann

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Use of the Predictive Sugars Biomarker to Evaluate Self-Reported Total Sugars Intake in the Observing Protein and Energy Nutrition (OPEN) Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Katan MB.Underestimation of energy intake by 3-d records compared with energy intake to maintain body weight...Multimodel Inference.2nd ed.New York:Springer;2002. Supplementary...the Observing Protein and Energy Nutrition (OPEN) study...

Nataša Tasevska; Douglas Midthune; Nancy Potischman; Amy F. Subar; Amanda J. Cross; Sheila A. Bingham; Arthur Schatzkin; and Victor Kipnis

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Use of the Predictive Sugars Biomarker to Evaluate Self-Reported Total Sugars Intake in the Observing Protein and Energy Nutrition (OPEN) Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...whereas in analysis with energy-adjusted intakes...epidemiology may have prevented us from detecting a causal...and overreporting of energy intake related to weight status and lifestyle in a nationwide...Elliott P.Who are the low energy reporters' in the dietary...

Nataša Tasevska; Douglas Midthune; Nancy Potischman; Amy F. Subar; Amanda J. Cross; Sheila A. Bingham; Arthur Schatzkin; and Victor Kipnis

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

{sup 210}Po and {sup 210}Pb intake by the Portuguese population: The contribution of seafood in the dietary intake of {sup 210}Po and {sup 210}Pb  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Through analysis of {sup 210}Po and {sup 210}Pb in the diet, the average ingestion rate for the Portuguese population is estimated at 1.2 and 0.47 Bq d{sup -1} per capita for {sup 210}Po and {sup 210}Pb, respectively. Detailed analysis of foods indicate that seafood alone contributes up to 70% of the {sup 210}Po ingestion rate, whereas cerals, vegetables, and meat altogether contribute 79% of the {sup 210}Pb ingestion rate. Consumption of seafood, both in terms of quantities (kg d{sup -1} per person) and preferential consumption of certain marine species, is the cause of the relatively high intake of {sup 210}Po and high {sup 210}Po:{sup 210}Pb ratio in the diet in comparison with other countries. Other {sup 210}Po and {sup 210}Pb sources, namely inhalation of surface air and cigarette smoke, contribute only a small percentage of the adsorption of these radionuclides in the blood. Estimated total body burdens of {sup 210}Po and {sup 210}Pb in adult men, 70 Bq, are 3.5 times higher than estimates for humans living in normal radioactivity regions and consuming a reference diet. Average whole body effective doses for the adult from the Portuguese population are estimated at about 85 {mu}Sv y{sup -1} from {sup 210}Po and 170 {mu}Sv y{sup -1} from {sup 210}Pb adsorbed with the diet. Effective dose from {sup 210}Po in the diet may vary from 25 {mu}Sv y{sup -1} in an heavy consumer of sardines, to 1,000 {mu}Sv y{sup -1} in an hypothetical heavy consumer of molluscs. 46 refs., 2 figs., 4 tabs.

Carvalho, F.P. [Instituto Nacional de Engenharia e Tecnolgia Industrial, Savavem (Portugal)

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water intake structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Internal Dose Magnitude Estimation Using Annual Limits on Intake (ALI) Comparisons  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Internal and External Dose Estimation (initial version: 08/2008, current version: 07/2013) Internal and External Dose Estimation (initial version: 08/2008, current version: 07/2013) Rapid Internal and External Dose Magnitude Estimation The Radiation Emergency Assistance Center/Training Site REAC/TS PO Box 117, MS-39 Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (865)576-3131 www.orise.orau.gov/reacts prepared by: Stephen L. (Steve) Sugarman, MS, CHP, CHCM Health Physics Project Manager Cytogenetic Biodosimetry Laboratory Coordinator Early Internal and External Dose Estimation (initial version: 08/2008, current version: 07/2013) Internal Dose Magnitude Estimation Using Annual Limits on Intake (ALI) Comparisons and Derived Reference Levels (DRLs) Assessing the radiological condition of injured personnel is an important part of the health physicist's job, although hopefully, one that is not done very often. There are many things to be

302

Effect of Intake Air Filter Condition on Vehicle Fuel Economy--ORNL/TM-2009/021  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

021 021 Effect of Intake Air Filter Condition on Vehicle Fuel Economy February 2009 Prepared by Kevin Norman Shean Huff Brian West DOCUMENT AVAILABILITY Reports produced after January 1, 1996, are generally available free via the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Information Bridge. Web site http://www.osti.gov/bridge Reports produced before January 1, 1996, may be purchased by members of the public from the following source. National Technical Information Service 5285 Port Royal Road Springfield, VA 22161 Telephone 703-605-6000 (1-800-553-6847) TDD 703-487-4639 Fax 703-605-6900 E-mail info@ntis.gov Web site http://www.ntis.gov/support/ordernowabout.htm Reports are available to DOE employees, DOE contractors, Energy Technology Data Exchange

303

Reward, dopamine and the control of food intake: implications for obesity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ability to resist the urge to eat requires the proper functioning of neuronal circuits involved in top-down control to oppose the conditioned responses that predict reward from eating the food and the desire to eat the food. Imaging studies show that obese subjects might have impairments in dopaminergic pathways that regulate neuronal systems associated with reward sensitivity, conditioning and control. It is known that the neuropeptides that regulate energy balance (homeostatic processes) through the hypothalamus also modulate the activity of dopamine cells and their projections into regions involved in the rewarding processes underlying food intake. It is postulated that this could also be a mechanism by which overeating and the resultant resistance to homoeostatic signals impairs the function of circuits involved in reward sensitivity, conditioning and cognitive control.

Volkow N. D.; Wang G.; Volkow, N.D.; Wang, G.-J.; Baler, R.D.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Crop Water Requirement and Water Use Efficiency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Water use efficiency is defined as ratio of yield to irrigation water requirement (De Pascale and Maggio 2005) WUE=yield/irrigation water requirement (kg crop/m3 irrigation water) ...

Christian von Zabeltitz

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

EXTENSION WATER SUMMIT PRIORITY: WATER CONSERVATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

programs) · Audience: homeowners Outcome 4: Increase water reuse and recycling programs · Example program: Water harvesting ­ rain barrels and cisterns · Audience: home owners #12;: Water conservation. Conserve Florida's finite water resources by teaching rural, suburban and urban

Kane, Andrew S.

306

Arnold Schwarzenegger WATER HEATERS AND HOT WATER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor WATER HEATERS AND HOT WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS;#12;Appendices Appendix A. Multifamily Water Heating Construction Practices, Pricing and Availability Survey Report Appendix B. Multifamily Water Heating Controls Performance Field Report Appendix C. Pipe

307

Water Boatman  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Water Boatman Water Boatman Name: Joshua Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: I am doing a research on water boatman. I go through your web, I only find little information about it. Can you give me its habitat, its appearance, life cycles and communication between themselves and they defenses themselves? Replies: Find a good book in the library on insects, also on pond biology/ecology, as boatmen live in ponds and marshes. It should be easy to find. J.Elliott Try this web site: http://www.dnr.state.il.us/ctap.ctaphome.htm or http://www.dnr.state.il.us/nredu/nredpage.htm this is the state of Illinois Dept. of Natural Resources homepage and somewhere on there is a page called "bugpage". They have pictures and characteristics of aquatic insects there. good luck

308

Gout, allopurinol intake and clinical outcomes in the hospitalized multimorbid elderly  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractBackground Increased serum uric acid has been considered a cardiovascular risk factor but no study has assessed its relation with hospital mortality or length of stay. On the basis of data obtained from a prospective registry, the prevalence of gout/hyperuricemia and its association with these and other clinical parameters was evaluated in an Italian cohort of elderly patients acutely admitted to internal medicine or geriatric wards. Methods While the prevalence of gout was calculated by counting patients with this diagnosis hyperuricemia was inferred in patients taking allopurinol at hospital admission or discharge, on the assumption that this drug was only prescribed owing to the finding of high serum levels of uric acid. A series of clinical and demographic variables were evaluated for their association with gout/hyperuricemia. Results Of 1380 patients, 139 (10%) had a diagnosis of gout or were prescribed allopurinol. They had more co-morbidities (7.0 vs 5.6; P gout/allopurinol intake. Moreover, this combined event was associated with an increased risk of adverse events during hospitalization (OR 1.66, 95% CI 1.16–2.36), but not with the risk of re-hospitalization, length of hospital stay or death. Conclusions Gout/allopurinol intake has a high prevalence in elderly patients acutely admitted to hospital and are associated with renal and cardiovascular diseases, an increased rate of adverse events and a high degree of drug consumption. In contrast, this finding did not affect the length of hospitalization nor hospital mortality.

Carlotta Franchi; Francesco Salerno; Alessio Conca; Codjo D. Djade; Mauro Tettamanti; Luca Pasina; Salvatore Corrao; Alessandra Marengoni; Maura Marcucci; Pier Mannuccio Mannucci; Alessandro Nobili

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Geologic mapping of the air intake shaft at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The air intake shaft (AS) was geologically mapped from the surface to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) facility horizon. The entire shaft section including the Mescalero Caliche, Gatuna Formation, Santa Rosa Formation, Dewey Lake Redbeds, Rustler Formation, and Salado Formation was geologically described. The air intake shaft (AS) at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) site was constructed to provide a pathway for fresh air into the underground repository and maintain the desired pressure balances for proper underground ventilation. It was up-reamed to minimize construction-related damage to the wall rock. The upper portion of the shaft was lined with slip-formed concrete, while the lower part of the shaft, from approximately 903 ft below top of concrete at the surface, was unlined. As part of WIPP site characterization activities, the AS was geologically mapped. The shaft construction method, up-reaming, created a nearly ideal surface for geologic description. Small-scale textures usually best seen on slabbed core were easily distinguished on the shaft wall, while larger scale textures not generally revealed in core were well displayed. During the mapping, newly recognized textures were interpreted in order to refine depositional and post-depositional models of the units mapped. The objectives of the geologic mapping were to: (1) provide confirmation and documentation of strata overlying the WIPP facility horizon; (2) provide detailed information of the geologic conditions in strata critical to repository sealing and operations; (3) provide technical basis for field adjustments and modification of key and aquifer seal design, based upon the observed geology; (4) provide geological data for the selection of instrument borehole locations; (5) and characterize the geology at geomechanical instrument locations to assist in data interpretation. 40 refs., 27 figs., 1 tab.

Holt, R.M.; Powers, D.W. (IT Corporation (USA))

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Preparation and structural characterization of Os2Cl4(chp)2(L) (chp = 6-chloro-2-hydroxypridinato; L = water, pyridine): a new class of M2X4(LL)2 complexes possessing an eclipsed conformation where LL is a substituted hydroxypyridinato ligand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Preparation and structural characterization of Os2Cl4(chp)2(L) (chp = 6-chloro-2-hydroxypridinato; L = water, pyridine): a new class of M2X4(LL)2 complexes possessing an eclipsed conformation where LL is a substituted hydroxypyridinato ligand ...

F. Albert Cotton; Kim R. Dunbar; Marek Matusz

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Effects of undegraded intake protein supplementation on milk production, calf weight gain and reproductive performance in Brahman cows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Eighty multiparous and 51 primiparous Brahman females were allotted to one of three diets based on; parity, sex of calf and breed of calf sire (Angus, Brahman or Tuli). Diets contained either 38.1% Undegraded Intake Protein (UIP) (Low), 56.3% UIP...

Triplett, Brian Lee

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

312

Prospective Study of Solar Exposure, Dietary Vitamin D Intake, and Risk of Breast Cancer among Middle-aged Women  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...cancer risk was not related to solar exposure variables, including...assess the association between solar exposure and dietary or supplementary...n = 1,213), had total energy intake outside of the 1% to...843), or lacked data on all solar exposure variables (26...

Hannah Kuper; Ling Yang; Sven Sandin; Marie Lof; Hans-Olov Adami; and Elisabete Weiderpass

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

A trade-off between energy intake and exposure to parasites in oystercatchers feeding on a bivalve mollusc  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...in size and, hence, in their energy content. When there are i size classes of cockle, the rate of energy intake E/T (g AFDM s 1 ; g...Q i , (1) where Ei is the energy content of prey type i, hi is the handling...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FOOD SECURITY STATUS AND DIETARY INTAKE AND WEIGHT FLUCTUATIONS WITHIN INDIVIDUALS WITH SERIOUS MENTAL ILLNESS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

weekly, and dietary recalls were taken at the beginning and end of each month (at weeks 1, 4, 5, and 8). The healthy eating index (HEI) was used to determine diet quality. All dietary recalls were entered into NDSR and HEI, and energy intake...

Taylor, Lauren Olivia

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Equol-Producing Status, Isoflavone Intake, and Breast Density in a Sample of U.S. Chinese Women  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Health and Human Services, US Department of Agriculture...ed. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office; 2005. 11. US Department of Agriculture...defining equol-producer status and its frequency among...W , Stampfer M.Total energy intake: implications...

Marilyn Tseng; Celia Byrne; Mindy S. Kurzer; and Carolyn Y. Fang

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Weight Loss via Exercise with Controlled Dietary Intake May Affect Phospholipid Profile for Cancer Prevention in Murine Skin Tissues  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...a major factor in energy expenditure has been...Community Health Survey showed that physical...between reduced dietary energy intake and decreased...12-h light/12-h dark cycle. They were...Community Health Survey. Cancer 2008;112...targets for dietary energy restriction prevention...

Ping Ouyang; Yu Jiang; Hieu M. Doan; Linglin Xie; David Vasquez; Ruth Welti; Xiaoyu Su; Nanyan Lu; Betty Herndon; Shie-Shien Yang; Richard Jeannotte; and Weiqun Wang

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Calcium Intake and Lung Cancer Risk Among Female Nonsmokers: A Report from the Shanghai Women's Health Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...time of our baseline survey, when the FFQ was administered...exposure and relatively dark skin, may have resulted...time of our baseline survey. In addition, information...Table 2. Age- and total energy intake-adjusted nutrient...Noncases Cases P Total energy, Kcal/d b 1677 1...

Yumie Takata; Xiao-Ou Shu; Gong Yang; Honglan Li; Qi Dai; Jing Gao; Qiuyin Cai; Yu-Tang Gao; and Wei Zheng

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Calcium Intake and Lung Cancer Risk Among Female Nonsmokers: A Report from the Shanghai Women's Health Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...100,000 person-years in Japan; ref. 16). In addition...13.0% 0.92 Income (per household) 10,000 yuan 15.7% 15...Table 2. Age- and total energy intake-adjusted nutrient...baseline a Noncases Cases P Total energy, Kcal/d b 1677 1.5 1675...

Yumie Takata; Xiao-Ou Shu; Gong Yang; Honglan Li; Qi Dai; Jing Gao; Qiuyin Cai; Yu-Tang Gao; and Wei Zheng

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Whither water?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... proposal for the future seems to have been ruled out for some time to come. Desalination has been widely mooted as a practical system of obtaining pure water in Britain, ... addition, the environment lobby, which by and large seems to favour the idea of desalination, has not, perhaps, taken full account of the impact on the coastal environment ...

John Gribbin

1974-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

320

Microsoft Word - EMDA_Volume_4_-_Concrete_Final.docx  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

room (or building) Diesel generator building Piping or electrical cable ducts or tunnels Radioactive waste storage building Stacks Intake structures (including concrete water...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water intake structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

CX-008862: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Exclusion Determination Variable Frequency Drivers for Raw Water Intake Structure Pumps Government Furnished Equipment CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 08162012 Location(s):...

322

Group Level Validation of Protein Intakes Estimated by 24-Hour Diet Recall and Dietary Questionnaires against 24-Hour Urinary Nitrogen in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) Calibration Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...standard units and household measurements. Trained...average N and energy intakes were...considered the units of observation...dietary N (energy intakes), when dietary measurements (24-HDRs...or total energy intakes...the dietary measurement error characteristics...calibration. | Unit of Nutrition...

Nadia Slimani; Sheila Bingham; Shirley Runswick; Pietro Ferrari; Nicholas E. Day; Ailsa A. Welch; Timothy J. Key; Antony B. Miller; Heiner Boeing; Sabina Sieri; Fabrizio Veglia; Dominico Palli; Salvatore Panico; Rosario Tumino; Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita; Marga C. Ocké; Françoise Clavel-Chapelon; Antonia Trichopoulou; Wija A. van Staveren; and Elio Riboli

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Use of Reclaimed Water for Power Plant Cooling  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CONTENTS Chapter 1 - Introduction .......................................................................................................... 1 Power Plants Need Water .................................................................................................. 1 Meeting Water Demands in a Water-Constrained Environment ....................................... 3 Purpose and Structure of the Report .................................................................................. 3 Chapter 2 - Database of Reclaimed Water Use for Cooling ................................................... 5 Data Collection .................................................................................................................. 5 The Database...................................................................................................................... 7

324

Vibrational Signature of Water Molecules in Asymmetric Hydrogen Bonding Environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vibrational Signature of Water Molecules in Asymmetric Hydrogen Bonding Environments Chao Zhang contributions of each of the two hydrogen atoms to the vibrational modes 1 and 3 of water molecules the early works on the molecular structure of water, it has been accepted that a water molecule

Guidoni, Leonardo

325

Water Power Program Contacts and Organization | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Water Power Program Contacts and Organization Water Power Program Contacts and Organization Water Power Program Contacts and Organization The Wind and Water Power Technologies Office within the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) supports the development, deployment, and commercialization of wind and water power technologies. The Wind and Water Power Technologies Office is one Office that contains two distinct Programs: wind and water. The Wind Program and the Water Power Program operate as integrated, but separate entities within the office. Organization This organization chart shows the management structure for the Water Power Program. This organization chart shows the management structure for the Water Power Program. General Information U.S. Department of Energy - Water Power Program

326

Water|Energy Energy|Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Water|Energy Energy|Water ... This issue of Environmental Science & Technology features articles addressing the concept of the “water–energy nexus”. ... Perrone et al. invoke the concept in their title, in creating a tool to account for the “energy [used] for water and water [used] for energy” (Environ. ...

Darcy J. Gentleman

2011-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

327

Cleaner, Safer Water through Water Safety Plans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CS232615A Cleaner, Safer Water through Water Safety Plans National Center for Environmental Health). Water Safety Plans A Water Safety Plan (WSP) is a preventive management approach used to manage threats to a drinking water system--from catchment to consumer. It helps in the · Management of activities

328

WATER RESOURCES NEBRASKA WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH INSTITUTE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and energy are inextricably bound. Energy is consumed and sometimes produced by every form of water resourcesWATER RESOURCES NEBRASKA WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH INSTITUTE 212 AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING BUILDING of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, water resources professionals squarely faced the fact that water

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

329

Ground water provides drinking water, irrigation for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ground water provides drinking water, irrigation for crops and water for indus- tries. It is also connected to surface waters, and maintains the flow of rivers and streams and the level of wetlands- tion of those along Lake Michigan, most communi- ties, farms and industries still rely on ground water

Saldin, Dilano

330

Regional Water Management: Adapting to Uncertain Water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Regional Water Management: Adapting to Uncertain Water Supply and Demand Jim Schneider, Ph · How Nebraska manages water · Dealing with uncertain water supplies: adaptive management #12;Regional-wide, systematic approach · Flexible--Adaptive Management Adaptive Manageme nt #12;Integrated Water Management

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

331

Isotope and Temperature Effects in Liquid Water Probed by Soft...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Isotope and Temperature Effects in Liquid Water Probed by Soft X Rays Print The geometric structure of liquid water has been investigated in detail by many techniques, but many...

332

Estimation of /sup 244/Cm intake by bioassay measurements following a contamination incident  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An employee was contaminated with radioactive material consisting primarily of /sup 244/Cm and /sup 246/Cm as a consequence of handling a curium nitrate solution at a reprocessing facility. In vivo gamma analysis and in vitro (urine and fecal) analysis were initiated soon after the incident. Further in vivo measurements were performed regularly through hour 528, and in vitro bioassay measurements were obtained through day 74. A sample of the curium solution from the workplace was obtained to confirm that the nitrate was the chemical form and to identify the curium isotopes present. The mass ratio of /sup 244/Cm:/sup 246/Cm was determined to be 91:7. Diethylenetriaminepentaacetate (DTPA) was administered on hours 33 and 71. Observed excretion rates were consistent with available information for curium in the literature. In this paper, the results of the in vivo and in vitro measurements are presented and intake estimates for the incident are developed using various excretion rate functions. 11 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.

Thein, M.; Bogard, J.S.; Eckerman, K.F.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Wear and wear mechanism simulation of heavy-duty engine intake valve and seat inserts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A silicon-chromium alloy frequently used for heavy-duty diesel engine intake valves was tested against eight different insert materials with a valve seat wear simulator. Wear resistance of these combinations was ranked. For each test, the valve seat temperature was controlled at approximately 510 C, the number of cycles was 864,000 (or 24 h), and the test load was 17,640 N. The combination of the silicon-chromium valve against a cast iron insert produced in the least valve seat wear, whereas a cobalt-base alloy insert produced the highest valve seat wear. In the overall valve seat recession ranking, however, the combination of the silicon-chromium valve and an iron-base chromium-nickel alloy insert had the least total seat recession, whereas the silicon-chromium valve against cobalt-base alloy, cast iron, and nickel-base alloy inserts had significant seat recession. Hardness and microstructure compatibility of valve and insert materials are believed to be significant factors in reducing valve and insert wear. The test results indicate that the mechanisms of valve seat and insert wear are a complex combination of adhesion and plastic deformation. Adhesion was confirmed by material transfer, while plastic deformation was verified by shear strain (or radial flow) and abrasion. The oxide films formed during testing also played a significant role. The prevented direct metal-to-metal contact and reduced the coefficient of friction on seat surfaces, thereby reducing adhesive and deformation-controlled wear.

Wang, Y.S.; Narasimhan, S.; Larson, J.M.; Schaefer, S.K. [Eaton Corp., Marshall, MI (United States). Engine Components Operations] [Eaton Corp., Marshall, MI (United States). Engine Components Operations

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Water Permits (Louisiana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Water Permits Division authorizes permits administered under the Water Quality Regulations. Louisiana's Water Quality Regulations require permits for the discharge of pollutants from any point...

335

Light Water Reactor Sustainability  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4 Light Water Reactor Sustainability ACCOMPLISHMENTS REPORT 2014 Accomplishments Report | Light Water Reactor Sustainability 2 T he mission of the Light Water Reactor...

336

Laboratories for the 21st Century: Best Practices Guide: Modeling Exhaust Dispersion for Specifying Acceptable Exhaust/Intake Design (Brochure)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

L L a b o r a t o r i e s f o r t h e 2 1 s t C e n t u r y : B e s t P r a c t i c e s Modeling exhaust dispersion for specifying acceptable exhaust/intake designs Introduction This guide provides general information on specify- ing acceptable exhaust and intake designs. It also offers various quantitative approaches (dispersion modeling) that can be used to determine expected concentration (or dilution) levels resulting from exhaust system emissions. In addition, the guide describes methodologies that can be employed to operate laboratory exhaust systems in a safe and energy efficient manner by using variable air volume (VAV) technology. The guide, one in a series on best practices for laboratories, was produced by Laboratories for the 21st Century (Labs21), a joint pro- gram of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

337

Photosynthetic water oxidation versus photovoltaic water electrolysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

News Media about Center Center Video Library Bisfuel Picture Gallery Photosynthetic water oxidation versus photovoltaic water electrolysis 13 May 2011 Professor Tom Moore, a...

338

The effects of a suboptimal intake of magnesium with soy protein concentrate on parturition, growth, and viability in the rat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

no apparent hormonal homeostatic mechanism exists for regulation of serum magnesium, the normal range results from a balance between gastrointestinal absorption and renal excretion. Factors influencing absorption of magnesium include dietary intake... populations remains to be established. Another abnormality associated with magnesium deficiency concerns the parathyroid gland which is the primary homeostatic mechanism that controls the plasma calcium concentration. PTH release is related to the total...

Carson, Sonja D'Awn

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

339

Repeated cycles of restricted food intake and binge feeding disrupt sensory-specific satiety in the rat  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The relationship between food restriction and subsequent dysregulation of food intake is complex, variable and long-lasting. The present study investigated in rats whether repeated cycles of food restriction and binge feeding opportunities may alter regulation of food intake by employing a test for sensory-specific satiety. Rats that experienced repeated food restriction-binge cycles maintained heavier body weights compared to rats that remained on continuous food restriction. In contrast to the control subjects, rats that alternated between food restriction and binge feeding failed to display sensory-specific satiety. During the first meal, there was a gradual decrease in the amount of food intake over a 40 min period. When presented with a second meal of the same food, these rats responded to the familiar food in a manner similar as to a novel food (i.e., comparable quantities of both types of food were consumed). Food restriction-binge feeding cycles may be considered as a form of stress, which in turn is associated with cross-sensitization to numerous behavioral responses. Therefore, we propose that stress-induced disruption of sensory-specific satiety reflects a sensitized response to food, in which the interaction between sensory and satiety factors are no longer the key regulators of food choice and meal cessation. Furthermore, a role for sensory-specific satiety in terminating food intake appeared to decline with the progression of the cycles, thereby contributing to a steady increase in body weight of rats that experienced restriction with bouts of binge feeding opportunities.

Soyon Ahn; Anthony G. Phillips

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Content of uranium in urine of uranium miners as a tool for estimation of intakes of long-lived alpha radionuclides  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......modelling. In: Quantification of cancer and non-cancer risks associated with multiple...distribution in the air of the uranium mine, Rozna, Czech Republic...assess potential intakes of depleted uranium(DU). Sci. Total Environ......

I. Malátová; V. Becková; L. Tomásek; J. Hulka

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water intake structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Association of Energy Intake and Energy Balance with Postmenopausal Breast Cancer in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...extreme estimates of energy consumption (upper or lower...Implication of total energy intake for epidemiologic...equation for resting energy expenditure in...per capita food consumption. Cancer 1986...of the effect of World War II in Norway...

Shih-Chen Chang; Regina G. Ziegler; Barbara Dunn; Rachael Stolzenberg-Solomon; James V. Lacey, Jr.; Wen-Yi Huang; Arthur Schatzkin; Douglas Reding; Robert N. Hoover; Patricia Hartge; and Michael F. Leitzmann

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Dietary lignan intakes and survival in women with breast cancer in the Western New York Exposures and Breast Cancer (WEB) Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...with breast cancer in the Western New York Exposures and Breast Cancer (WEB...cancer, participants in the Western New York Exposures and Breast Cancer Study...models adjusting for age, total energy intake, stage, and body mass index...

Susan McCann; Jing Nie; Joan Dorn; Maurizio Trevisan; Amy Millen; Peter Shields; Michele Schelske-Santos; Christine Ambrosone; Catalan Marian; Dominica Vito; Stephen Edge; and Jo Freudenheim

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Comparison Of Intake Gate Closure Methods At Lower Granite, Little Goose, Lower Monumental, And Mcnary Dams Using Risk-Based Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this report is to compare the benefits and costs of modifications proposed for intake gate closure systems at four hydroelectric stations on the Lower Snake and Upper Columbia Rivers in the Walla Walla District that are unable to meet the COE 10-minute closure rule due to the installation of fish screens. The primary benefit of the proposed modifications is to reduce the risk of damage to the station and environs when emergency intake gate closure is required. Consequently, this report presents the results and methodology of an extensive risk analysis performed to assess the reliability of powerhouse systems and the costs and timing of potential damages resulting from events requiring emergency intake gate closure. As part of this analysis, the level of protection provided by the nitrogen emergency closure system was also evaluated. The nitrogen system was the basis for the original recommendation to partially disable the intake gate systems. The risk analysis quantifies this protection level.

Gore, Bryan F.; Blackburn, Tyrone R.; Heasler, Patrick G.; Mara, Neil L.; Phan, Hahn K.; Bardy, David M.; Hollenbeck, Robert E.

2001-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

344

Association of Energy Intake and Energy Balance with Postmenopausal Breast Cancer in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...four measures of dietary quality (total energy, energy from fat, FV...servings). Overall, dietary quality was poor, with mean...differences in dietary quality by drinking status; mean daily total energy intake was higher among...

Shih-Chen Chang; Regina G. Ziegler; Barbara Dunn; Rachael Stolzenberg-Solomon; James V. Lacey, Jr.; Wen-Yi Huang; Arthur Schatzkin; Douglas Reding; Robert N. Hoover; Patricia Hartge; and Michael F. Leitzmann

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Does Increased Exercise or Physical Activity Alter Ad-Libitum Daily Energy Intake or Macronutrient Composition in Healthy Adults? A Systematic Review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Background The magnitude of the negative energy balance induced by exercise may be reduced due to compensatory increases in energy intake. Objective To address the question: Does increased exercise or physical ...

Donnelly, Joseph E.; Herrmann, Stephen D.; Lambourne, Kate; Szabo, Amanda N.; Honas, Jeffery J.; Washburn, Richard A.

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

346

Meat and Heme Iron Intake and Risk of Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Upper Aero-Digestive Tract in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...countries: Denmark, Sweden, Norway, the United Kingdom, France...the distribution of the ratio of energy intake versus energy requirement (n = 9,601). In addition, the cohorts of Norway (n = 35,170) and Greece...

Annika Steffen; Manuela M. Bergmann; María-José Sánchez; Maria-Dolores Chirlaque; Paula Jakszyn; Pilar Amiano; J. Ramón Quirós; Aurelio Barricarte Gurrea; Pietro Ferrari; Isabelle Romieu; Veronika Fedirko; H. B(as). Bueno-de-Mesquita; Peter D. Siersema; Petra H.M. Peeters; Kay-Tee Khaw; Nick Wareham; Naomi E. Allen; Francesca L. Crowe; Guri Skeie; Göran Hallmanns; Ingegerd Johansson; Signe Borgquist; Ulrika Ericson; Rikke Egeberg; Anne Tjønneland; Kim Overvad; Verena Grote; Kuanrong Li; Antonia Trichopoulou; Despoina Oikonomidou; Menelaos Pantzalis; Rosario Tumino; Salvatore Panico; Domenico Palli; Vittorio Krogh; Alessio Naccarati; Traci Mouw; Anne-Claire Vergnaud; Teresa Norat; and Heiner Boeing

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Content of uranium in urine of uranium miners as a tool for estimation of intakes of long-lived alpha radionuclides  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......238U and 230Th in excreta of uranium mill crushermen. Health Phys. (1983) 45(3...Measurement of daily urinary uranium excretion in German peacekeeping...assess potential intakes of depleted uranium(DU). Sci. Total Environ......

I. Malátová; V. Becková; L. Tomásek; J. Hulka

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

The Impact of System Level Factors on Treatment Timeliness: Utilizing the Toyota Production System to Implement Direct Intake Scheduling in a Semi-rural Community Mental Health Clinic  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study examined the effect of using the Toyota Production System (TPS) to change intake procedures...F(1,160)?=?4.9; p?=?.03) from an average of 11 to 8 days. The pattern of difference on treatment timeliness...

Addie Weaver PhD; Catherine G. Greeno PhD…

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Association of Energy Intake and Energy Balance with Postmenopausal Breast Cancer in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...may also underreport energy intake and overreport...linked to breast cancer status, and our questionnaires...unmeasured components of energy balance, such as occupational...recreational activity, enabled us to consider all three energy balance variables concurrently...

Shih-Chen Chang; Regina G. Ziegler; Barbara Dunn; Rachael Stolzenberg-Solomon; James V. Lacey, Jr.; Wen-Yi Huang; Arthur Schatzkin; Douglas Reding; Robert N. Hoover; Patricia Hartge; and Michael F. Leitzmann

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

K West integrated water treatment system subproject safety analysis document  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Accident Analysis evaluates unmitigated accident scenarios, and identifies Safety Significant and Safety Class structures, systems, and components for the K West Integrated Water Treatment System.

SEMMENS, L.S.

1999-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

351

How many water molecules can be detected by protein crystallography?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The number of water molecules which are expected to be experimentally located by protein crystallography is determined by analysis of known protein crystal structures.

Carugo, O.

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Classifying coastal waters: Current necessity and historical perspective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Coastal ecosystems are ecologically and commercially valuable, productive habitats that are experiencing escalating compromises of their structural and functional integrity. The Clean Water Act (USC 1972) requ...

J. C. Kurtz; N. D. Detenbeck; V. D. Engle; K. Ho; L. M. Smith…

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Surface Wettability Impact on Water Management in PEM Fuel Cell.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Excessive water formation inside the polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cell’s structures leads to the flooding of the cathode gas diffusion layer (GDL) and cathode… (more)

Al Shakhshir, Saher

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Sensor Networks for Monitoring and Control of Water Distribution Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water distribution systems present a significant challenge for structural monitoring. They comprise a complex network of pipelines buried underground that are relatively inaccessible. Maintaining the integrity of these ...

Whittle, Andrew

355

Global Water Sustainability:  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Ground Water and Drinking Water EPA 816-R-04-003...oil and gas produced water treatment. Journal of Hazardous...92-99 Jurenka B (2007) Electrodialysis (ED) and Electrodialysis...usbr.gov/pmts/water/publications/reportpdfs...

Kelvin B. Gregory; Radisav D. Vidic; David A. Dzombak

356

Drinking Water Problems: Lead  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lead in drinking water can damage the brain, kidneys, nervous system and red blood cells. This publication explains how lead can enter drinking water, how to have your water tested, and how to eliminate lead from drinking water....

Dozier, Monty; McFarland, Mark L.

2004-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

357

Water Beetles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Beetles Beetles Nature Bulletin No. 639-A April 29, 1961 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis Supt. of Conservation WATER BEETLES The world is full of beetles. They live everywhere except in the oceans and in the polar regions. There are more of them than any other kind of insect. A quarter of a million species are known and new ones are being discovered every year. Whether it is a microscopic mushroom beetle a hundredth of an inch long, or a giant six-inch Hercules beetle from South America, it can be recognized by its wings. The upper pair forms a hard shell curving like a shield over the thin folded lower wings and the abdomen. In flight, the upper pair is extended like the wings of an airplane and the lower two become buzzing propellers.

358

Water watch  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Hydropower Generation Report provides generation figures for the largest hydropower producers in each of six regions in the US. The report compares, for each month, the amount of hydroelectricity generated (in thousands of megawatt-hours) by each producers in the last two years to the ten-year average for that month. This database is used to figure long-term generation averages and percent of averages. The producers regularly provide current generation data to update the database. This issue of [open quotes]Water Watch[close quotes] focuses on winter snow conditions across the US as of mid-January. In addition, the department provides an outlook of spring flood potential. The information presented is based on data from the US Geological Survey, the National Weather Service, and the Soil Conservation Service.

Not Available

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Water Power Program: Publications  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Water Power Program HOME ABOUT RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL OPPORTUNITIES INFORMATION RESOURCES NEWS EVENTS EERE Water Power Program Information Resources Publications...

360

Water Sustainability Program Challenges to Sustainable Water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· Drought, Climate Change · Growth and the need for additional supplies · Water and Energy · Water the Southwest, nation, semi-arid and arid regions, and the world. · Today's program provides just a glimpse to and utilization of renewable supplies · Transboundary water issues · The surface water/groundwater interface

Cushing, Jim. M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water intake structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Water Resources Policy & Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water Resources Policy & Economics FOR 4984 Selected Course Topics · Appropriative and riparian water institutions · Incentives for conservation · Water rights for in-stream environmental use · Surface water-groundwater management · Water quality regulations · Water markets · Economic and policy

Buehrer, R. Michael

362

Structure and interactions in simple solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...was performed on molecular ensembles containing 300 water molecules...In From semiconductors to proteins: beyond the average structure...tein denaturations. Adv. Protein Chem. 14, 163. Neilson...refinement for liquids and disordered materials. In Local structure...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

MHK Technologies/Deep Water Pipelines | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Water Pipelines Water Pipelines < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Deep Water Pipelines.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Makai Ocean Engineering Inc Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/Modeling the Physical and Biochemical Influence of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Plant Discharges into their Adjacent Waters Technology Resource Click here Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Technology Type Click here Closed-cycle Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 5/6: System Integration and Technology Laboratory Demonstration Technology Description Examples include 24 pipe for Mini OTEC four 12 55 pipelines at Hawaii Natural Energy Laboratory with intakes from 2200 to 3000 deep used for OTEC research Significant work on 8 ft DoE pipeline in 1980s India OTEC pipe concept design in 1999 Developed gripper for novel OTEC Cold water pipe concept developed by Lockheed Martin Related technology of SeaWater Air Conditioning has resulted in five other subsea pipelines for Cornell University a resort in Bora Bora and Toronto saving 80 MW of air conditioning power

364

Water Heating | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Energy Saver Water Heating Water Heating Infographic: Water Heaters 101 Infographic: Water Heaters 101 Everything you need to know about saving money on water heating costs....

365

Water Footprint | Argonne National Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Footprint Blue water represents water withdrawn from surface water and groundwater for feedstock irrigation and refinery processing. Blue water represents water withdrawn from...

366

Epifaunal Assemblages on Deep-water Corals in Roatan, Honduras  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Deep-water corals provide complex habitat structure for diverse assemblages of invertebrates and fishes. Similar to shallow coral reefs, oyster reefs, and seagrass beds, these complex biogenic structures serve many ecosystem functions: (a) as prey...

Lavelle, Katherine

2012-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

367

Effects of a modified through-mask drinking system (MDS) on fluid intake during exercise in chemical protective gear. Report for January-May 1989  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study was designed to evaluate the effects of a modified through-mask drinking system (MDS) on voluntary fluid consumption. Eighteen male volunteers walked on a treadmill (4.02 km/hr, 0 deg. grade, 50 min/hr for 6 hr) in a climatic chamber (dry bulb=32.6 deg C, wet bulb=17.5 deg C, 20.4% relative humidity, and windspeed=8.05 km/hr, producing a WBGT of 22.1 deg C). Subjects wore chemical protective gear (trousers, jacket, boots, gloves, and M17A1 protective mask) and were randomly assigned one of two through-mask and were randomly assigned one of two through-mask drinking systems: CS (n=9), the current gravity fed system or MDS (n=9), a prototype hand-pump drinking system. Because decontamination of the mask and drinking connections was performed prior to drinking, the overall use of the CS was rated significantly more difficult during both work and rest than the MDS. Failure to decontaminate connections prior to drinking was noted early in the trial in 2 soldiers using the CS suggesting an increase risk of accidental contamination associated with this system. Drinking with the MDS had no measurable adverse effect on hydration status of the test subjects: water intake rate, 0.36 L/hr (CS) and 0.42 L/hr (MDS); sweat rate, 0.63 L/hr (CS) and 0.67 L/hr (MDS); body weight loss, 0.32 %/hr (CS) and 0.31 %/hr (MDS).

Szlyk, P.C.; Sils, I.V.; Tharion, W.J.; Francesconi, R.P.; Mahnke, R.B.

1989-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

368

Partnering to Save Water  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Partnering Partnering to Save Water Phill Consiglio Southern California Edison What We Are Going to Discuss * A Little Bit About Water * The Energy Cost of Water * Water Technologies * What We Have Done * Where We Are Going A Little Bit About Water *The Earth Has A Finite Supply Of Fresh Water. - Water Is Stored In Aquifers, Surface Waters And The Atmosphere - Sometimes Oceans Are Mistaken For Available Water, But The Amount Of Energy Needed To Convert Saline Water To Potable Water Is Prohibitive Today *This Has Created A Water Crisis Due To: - Inadequate Access To Safe Drinking Water For About 884 Million People - Inadequate Access To Water For Sanitation And Waste Disposal For 2.5 Billion People - Groundwater Overdrafting (Excessive Use) Leading To Diminished Agricultural Yields

369

Water Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Priorities for DOE's Priorities for DOE's Innovations for Existing Power Plants R&D Program Institute of Clean Air Companies (ICAC) Annual Meeting May 1, 2008 Stuart, Florida Thomas J. Feeley, III US Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory ICAC, May 1, 2008 National Energy Technology Laboratory * Only DOE national lab dedicated to fossil energy - Fossil fuels provide 85% of U.S. energy supply * One lab, five locations, one management structure * 1,200 Federal and support-contractor employees * Research spans fundamental science to technology demonstrations West Virginia Pennsylvania Oklahoma Alaska Oregon ICAC, May 1, 2008 Innovations for Existing Plants Program Change in Program Focus * FY07 R&D Activities - Mercury control

370

Arsenic Leachability in Water Treatment Adsorbents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Arsenic Leachability in Water Treatment Adsorbents ... The EXAFS results indicate that As forms inner-sphere bidentate binuclear surface complexes on all five adsorbent surfaces. ... Extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) was used for the first time to investigate the bonding structures of adsorbed As(V) ... ...

Chuanyong Jing; Suqin Liu; Manish Patel; Xiaoguang Meng

2005-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

371

The structure of nickel clusters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The reactions of nickel clusters with ammonia and with water are used to probe cluster geometrical structure. Ammonia uptake experiments allow the determination of the number of preferred binding sites on cluster surfaces. This number shows pronounced minima in the 50- to 116- atom size range for many of the cluster sizes that appear as magic numbers in mass spectra of rare gas clusters. Since these magic numbers arise from closings of shells and subshells of the Mackay icosahedra, the correlation suggests that ammoniated nickel clusters in this size region also have icosahedral structure. Similar structure is found for ammoniated clusters smaller than {similar to}30 atoms, but is not seen for room temperature clusters in the vicinity of the third shell closing at 147 atoms. Icosahedral features do appear for the larger clusters at elevated temperatures. For many clusters above 50 atoms, prolonged exposure to ammonia causes a conversion from the icosahedral structure to some other structure that binds more ammonia molecules, and often the two structures are seen together. The equilibrium reaction of a single water molecule with the bare clusters probes the strength of the cluster--water bond. Enhanced water adsorption is often seen for clusters one atom larger than those showing minima in ammonia uptake, suggesting that these bare clusters likewise have icosahedral structure. The reasons for minima in ammonia uptake and maxima in water binding are discussed.

Parks, E.K.; Winter, B.J.; Klots, T.D.; Riley, S.J. (Chemistry Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (US))

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Water Basins Civil Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water Basins Civil Engineering Objective · Connect the study of water, water cycle, and ecosystems with engineering · Discuss how human impacts can effect our water basins, and how engineers lessen these impacts: · The basic concepts of water basins are why they are important · To use a topographic map · To delineate

Provancher, William

373

Grains, Water Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Grains, Water & Wet Sand Onno Bokhove Introduction Dry Granular Chute Flows: Cantilever Water Waves: Bores Near the Shore Surf Induced Sand Dynamics Discussion Dry Granular Flows, Water Waves & Surf, Water & Wet Sand Onno Bokhove Introduction Dry Granular Chute Flows: Cantilever Water Waves: Bores Near

Wirosoetisno, Djoko

374

FOOD INTAKE AND RUMEN OSMOLALITY IN SHEEP S. KATO Y. SASAKI T. TSUDA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

warmed to 40 °C and infused into the rumen in order to change the osmolality of the rumen fluid and lasted 2 h, during which time the infusion rate was decreased gradually from 60 to 10 ml/min. Samples observed in the control experiments, in which no solutions or water were added to the rumen. The infusion

Boyer, Edmond

375

Determining biological sources of variation in residual feed intake in Brahman heifers during confinement feeding and on pasture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

there was little decrease in the variation of RFI. Accuracy of measurements decreased when BW estimates were taken greater than two weeks apart. As would be expected, increasing the number of measurements taken decreases variability. Wang et al. (2006) supported... 56 d 79 d 70 d 70 d Simmental Bull 63 d 35 d 42 d 63 d Bos taurus Steers Wang et al. (2006) a FCR = Feed intake required to produce one unit of weight gain. b RFI = Difference in expected DMI for maintenance and growth at a given level...

Dittmar (III), Robert Otto

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

376

Determining biological sources of variation in residual feed intake in Brahman heifers during confinement feeding and on pasture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

there was little decrease in the variation of RFI. Accuracy of measurements decreased when BW estimates were taken greater than two weeks apart. As would be expected, increasing the number of measurements taken decreases variability. Wang et al. (2006) supported... 56 d 79 d 70 d 70 d Simmental Bull 63 d 35 d 42 d 63 d Bos taurus Steers Wang et al. (2006) a FCR = Feed intake required to produce one unit of weight gain. b RFI = Difference in expected DMI for maintenance and growth at a given level...

Dittmar (III), Robert Otto

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

377

Water Heaters and Hot Water Distribution Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Building Energy Efficiency Standards .. 4 Multi-Family Water Heating.. 4 Pipe HeatBuilding Energy Efficiency Standards The scope of this task included the following subtasks; Multi-Family Water Heating, Pipe Heat

Lutz, Jim

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Shor Lab "Soil Water" Project Undergraduate Research Opportunity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Their approach is to emulate the physical structure of the soil using a combination of microfluidic flow cells microfluidic devices to systematically emulate different soil physical structures. Manipulate water content biofilm EPS level, drying condition and water retention. 5. Use microfluidic devices to systematically

Shor, Leslie McCabe

379

Measurements of daily urinary uranium excretion in German peacekeeping personnel and residents of the Kosovo region to assess potential intakes of depleted uranium (DU)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Following the end of the Kosovo conflict, in June 1999, a study was instigated to evaluate whether there was a cause for concern of health risk from depleted uranium (DU) to German peacekeeping personnel serving in the Balkans. In addition, the investigations were extended to residents of Kosovo and southern Serbia, who lived in areas where DU ammunitions were deployed. In order to assess a possible DU intake, both the urinary uranium excretion of volunteer residents and water samples were collected and analysed using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). More than 1300 urine samples from peacekeeping personnel and unexposed controls of different genders and age were analysed to determine uranium excretion parameters. The urine measurements for 113 unexposed subjects revealed a daily uranium excretion rate with a geometric mean of 13.9 ng/d (geometric standard deviation (GSD) = 2.17). The analysis of 1228 urine samples from the peacekeeping personnel resulted in a geometric mean of 12.8 ng/d (GSD = 2.60). It follows that both unexposed controls and peacekeeping personnel excreted similar amounts of uranium. Inter-subject variation in uranium excretion was high and no significant age-specific differences were found. The second part of the study monitored 24 h urine samples provided by selected residents of Kosovo and adjacent regions of Serbia compared to controls from Munich, Germany. Total uranium and isotope ratios were measured in order to determine DU content. 235U/238U ratios were within ± 0.3% of the natural value, and 236U/238U was less than 2 × 10? 7, indicating no significant DU in any of the urine samples provided, despite total uranium excretion being relatively high in some cases. Measurements of ground and tap water samples from regions where DU munitions were deployed did not show any contamination with DU, except in one sample. It is concluded that both peacekeeping personnel and residents serving or living in the Balkans, respectively, were not exposed to significant amounts of DU.

U. Oeh; N.D. Priest; P. Roth; K.V. Ragnarsdottir; W.B. Li; V. Höllriegl; M.F. Thirlwall; B. Michalke; A. Giussani; P. Schramel; H.G. Paretzke

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Introduction Water conservation is becoming increasingly important to many utilities worldwide. Not only are water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;Introduction Water conservation is becoming increasingly important to many utilities worldwide, to conserve. Utilities often use price structure and other demand side management tools to send a conservation be defined as the time period between billing. Most water utilities either use monthly (once a month), or bi

Mangel, Marc

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water intake structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Feature - WATER Tool Released  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Water Assessment for Transportation Energy Resources (WATER) Tool Released Water Assessment for Transportation Energy Resources (WATER) Tool Released Argonne National Laboratory recently released an open access online tool called WATER (Water Assessment for Transportation Energy Resources), which quantifies water footprint of fuel production stages from feedstock production to conversion process for biofuel with county, state, and regional level spatial resolution. WATER provides analysis on water consumption and its impact on water quality. It contains biofuel pathways for corn grain ethanol, soybean biodiesel, and cellulosic ethanol produced from corn stover and wheat straw. Perennial grass (Switchgrass and Miscanthus) and forest wood residue-based biofuel pathways are currently under development. The WATER tool enables users to conduct pathway comparison, scenario development, and regional specific feedstock analysis in supporting of biofuel industry development and planning. It is available at http://water.es.anl.gov/.

382

Demineralization of Saline Waters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...application to saline-water conversion of the electrodialysis process than...Webster well water would danmage the electrodialysis memiibrane...stack. In the electrodialysis process, power...thus potable water, meeting health...

W. S. Gillam; J. W. McCutchan

1961-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

383

Reduction of Water Consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cooling systems using water evaporation to dissipate waste heat, will require one pound of water per 1,000 Btu. To reduce water consumption, a combination of "DRY" and "WET" cooling elements is the only practical answer. This paper reviews...

Adler, J.

384

Microbial water stress.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...sufficient to bring cellular water potential to about the same...considerable reduction in internal water potential caused by the additive...minor event sufficient to make up any discrepancy between internal and external water potentials (with allowance...

A D Brown

1976-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Water Power Forum | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Water Power Forum Water Power Forum Home > Water Power Forum > Posts by term > Water Power Forum Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Term: gateway Type Term Title Author Replies Last Post sort icon Blog entry gateway OpenEI launches new Water Power Gateway and Community Forum Graham7781 28 Mar 2013 - 15:16 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content MHK LCOE Reporting Guidance Draft MHK Cost Breakdown Structure Draft Global Marine Renewable Energy Conference (GMREC) OpenEI launches new Water Power Gateway and Community Forum Group members (8) Managers: Graham7781 Recent members: Gdavis Jim mcveigh Ocop Thomas.heibel NickL Kch Rmckeel 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2084454102

386

Effects of exposure to television advertising for energy-dense/nutrient-poor food on children's food intake and obesity in South Korea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The aim of this study was to determine the effect of television food advertising on participant food intake and risk of obesity. A total of 2419 children aged 11–13?years were selected from 118 elementary schools in South Korea. All participants completed a self-administered questionnaire with questions about height, weight, television viewing times, food preferences, and food intakes. To estimate actual exposure to food advertising, we asked participants to specify the times at which they usually watched television. We then collected data on the various types of food advertisement broadcast on five different television networks during those viewing times over the course of the previous 7?months. The amount of television watched and exposure to energy-dense/nutrient-poor (EDNP) food advertising were associated with an increased risk of being overweight or obese. Exposure to television advertising for EDNP food was also significantly associated with higher EDNP food preference and intake and lower fruit and vegetable intake. However, these relationships disappeared for all foods after adjusting for the overall amount of television watched. Although it was not possible to conclude that exposure to television advertising for EDNP food was associated with an increased risk of obesity, preference for EDNP foods, or overall food intake due to the strong comprehensive effects of television viewing time, there was a reason to believe the evidence of the effects of advertising in this study. Future longitudinal studies are needed to determine the exclusive effects of exposure to television advertising for EDNP food.

Bora Lee; Hyogyoo Kim; Soo-Kyung Lee; Jihyun Yoon; Sang-Jin Chung

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Water World: Success Stories and Tools for Water Use Reduction...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Water World: Success Stories and Tools for Water Use Reduction in Your Building Portfolio Water World: Success Stories and Tools for Water Use Reduction in Your Building Portfolio...

388

Integrated regional water management: Collaboration or water politics as usual?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

types of water management organizations, environmental NGOs,environmental policy and integrated water management hasenvironmental and water infrastructure stakeholders involved in Bay Area water management.

Lubell, Mark N.; Lippert, Lucas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Integrated regional water management: Collaboration or water politics as usual?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

environmental policy and integrated water management hastypes of water management organizations, environmental NGOs,environmental and water infrastructure stakeholders involved in Bay Area water management.

Lubell, Mark N.; Lippert, Lucas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Sandia National Laboratories: Water  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

basins, surface andor groundwater may be available through permitting with the state water-management agency, alternatively water might be purchased and transferred out of its...

391

Laboratories for the 21st Century: Best Practices; Modeling Exhaust Dispersion for Specifying Acceptable Exhaust/Intake Design (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This guide provides general information on specifying acceptable exhaust and intake designs. It also provides various quantitative approaches that can be used to determine expected concentration levels resulting from exhaust system emissions. In addition, the guide describes methodologies that can be employed to operate laboratory exhaust systems in a safe and energy efficient manner by using variable air volume (VAV) technology. The guide, one in a series on best practices for laboratories, was produced by Laboratories for the 21st Century (Labs21), a joint program of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Geared toward architects, engineers, and facility managers, the guides contain information about technologies and practices to use in designing, constructing, and operating safe, sustainable, high-performance laboratories. Studies show a direct relationship between indoor air quality and the health and productivity of building occupants. Historically, the study and protection of indoor air quality focused on emission sources emanating from within the building. For example, to ensure that the worker is not exposed to toxic chemicals, 'as manufactured' and 'as installed' containment specifications are required for fume hoods. However, emissions from external sources, which may be re-ingested into the building through closed circuiting between the building's exhaust stacks and air intakes, are an often overlooked aspect of indoor air quality.

Not Available

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

2010 Water & Aqueous Solutions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Water covers more than two thirds of the surface of the Earth and about the same fraction of water forms the total mass of a human body. Since the early days of our civilization water has also been in the focus of technological developments, starting from converting it to wine to more modern achievements. The meeting will focus on recent advances in experimental, theoretical, and computational understanding of the behavior of the most important and fascinating liquid in a variety of situations and applications. The emphasis will be less on water properties per se than on water as a medium in which fundamental dynamic and reactive processes take place. In the following sessions, speakers will discuss the latest breakthroughs in unraveling these processes at the molecular level: Water in Solutions; Water in Motion I and II; Water in Biology I and II; Water in the Environment I and II; Water in Confined Geometries and Water in Discussion (keynote lecture and poster winners presentations).

Dor Ben-Amotz

2010-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

393

Application of Specialized Optimization Techniques in Water Quantity and Quality Management with Respect to Planning for the Trinity River Basi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the disposal of wastes. Thus, there is a clear interaction between quantity and quality of water. However, largely due to the agency structure in state and federal government, water quality management and water development activities are usually separated...

Meier Jr., W. L.; Shih, C. S.

394

Remediation of water contamination using catalytic technologies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Remediation of contaminated ground and underground water is becoming a critical issue in Europe and worldwide. We discuss here the role of catalysis in water remediation, with reference to two specific examples of catalytic water remediation technologies: (i) the elimination of nitrate and pesticides from water contaminated as a result of agricultural practices and (ii) the conversion of methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) in contaminated underground water. Of particular interest is a technology based on catalytic membranes for remediation of water contaminated by nitrate, which offers various advantages with respect to conventional technologies. Using a Pd-Cu-based catalytic membrane, a reaction temperature below 15 °C, a mixed 4:1 CO2:H2 feed and controlling bulk solution pH by \\{HCl\\} addition, it is possible to obtain a nitrate conversion higher than 80% even with ammonium ion formation below 0.5 ppm, i.e. the maximum concentration allowed to meet the requirements for drinking water quality. In MTBE conversion in contaminated underground water, acid zeolites with suitable pore structures (channel structure and pore openings) such as H-ZSM-5 and H-BEA can be used as catalytic permeable reactive barriers for in situ remediation. These zeolites not only act as adsorbents for both MTBE and its reaction products, but also effectively catalyze the hydrolysis of MTBE to t-butyl alcohol (TBA) and methanol (MeOH) which then can be rapidly biodegraded by indigenous microorganisms.

Gabriele Centi; Siglinda Perathoner

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Acute ethanol intake induces superoxide anion generation and mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphorylation in rat aorta: A role for angiotensin type 1 receptor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ethanol intake is associated with increase in blood pressure, through unknown mechanisms. We hypothesized that acute ethanol intake enhances vascular oxidative stress and induces vascular dysfunction through renin–angiotensin system (RAS) activation. Ethanol (1 g/kg; p.o. gavage) effects were assessed within 30 min in male Wistar rats. The transient decrease in blood pressure induced by ethanol was not affected by the previous administration of losartan (10 mg/kg; p.o. gavage), a selective AT{sub 1} receptor antagonist. Acute ethanol intake increased plasma renin activity (PRA), angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) activity, plasma angiotensin I (ANG I) and angiotensin II (ANG II) levels. Ethanol induced systemic and vascular oxidative stress, evidenced by increased plasma thiobarbituric acid-reacting substances (TBARS) levels, NAD(P)H oxidase?mediated vascular generation of superoxide anion and p47phox translocation (cytosol to membrane). These effects were prevented by losartan. Isolated aortas from ethanol-treated rats displayed increased p38MAPK and SAPK/JNK phosphorylation. Losartan inhibited ethanol-induced increase in the phosphorylation of these kinases. Ethanol intake decreased acetylcholine-induced relaxation and increased phenylephrine-induced contraction in endothelium-intact aortas. Ethanol significantly decreased plasma and aortic nitrate levels. These changes in vascular reactivity and in the end product of endogenous nitric oxide metabolism were not affected by losartan. Our study provides novel evidence that acute ethanol intake stimulates RAS activity and induces vascular oxidative stress and redox-signaling activation through AT{sub 1}-dependent mechanisms. These findings highlight the importance of RAS in acute ethanol-induced oxidative damage. -- Highlights: ? Acute ethanol intake stimulates RAS activity and vascular oxidative stress. ? RAS plays a role in acute ethanol-induced oxidative damage via AT{sub 1} receptor activation. ? Translocation of p47phox and MAPKs phosphorylation are downstream effectors. ? Acute ethanol consumption increases the risk for acute vascular injury.

Yogi, Alvaro; Callera, Glaucia E. [Kidney Research Centre, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, University of Ottawa, Ontario (Canada)] [Kidney Research Centre, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, University of Ottawa, Ontario (Canada); Mecawi, André S. [Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo (USP), Ribeirão Preto, SP (Brazil)] [Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo (USP), Ribeirão Preto, SP (Brazil); Batalhão, Marcelo E.; Carnio, Evelin C. [Department of General and Specialized Nursing, College of Nursing of Ribeirão Preto, USP, São Paulo (Brazil)] [Department of General and Specialized Nursing, College of Nursing of Ribeirão Preto, USP, São Paulo (Brazil); Antunes-Rodrigues, José [Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo (USP), Ribeirão Preto, SP (Brazil)] [Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo (USP), Ribeirão Preto, SP (Brazil); Queiroz, Regina H. [Department of Clinical, Toxicological and Food Science Analysis, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, USP, São Paulo (Brazil)] [Department of Clinical, Toxicological and Food Science Analysis, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, USP, São Paulo (Brazil); Touyz, Rhian M. [Kidney Research Centre, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, University of Ottawa, Ontario (Canada)] [Kidney Research Centre, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, University of Ottawa, Ontario (Canada); Tirapelli, Carlos R., E-mail: crtirapelli@eerp.usp.br [Department of Psychiatric Nursing and Human Sciences, Laboratory of Pharmacology, College of Nursing of Ribeirão Preto, USP, Ribeirão Preto, SP (Brazil)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Food-intake dysregulation in type 2 diabetic Goto-Kakizaki rats: Hypothesized role of dysfunctional brainstem thyrotropin-releasing hormone and impaired vagal output  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH), a neuropeptide contained in neural terminals innervating brainstem vagal motor neurons, enhances vagal outflow to modify multisystemic visceral functions and food intake. Type 2 diabetes (T2D) and obesity are accompanied by impaired vagal functioning. We examined the possibility that impaired brainstem TRH action may contribute to the vagal dysregulation of food intake in Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats, a T2D model with hyperglycemia and impaired central vagal activation by TRH. Food intake induced by intracisternal injection of TRH analog was reduced significantly by 50% in GK rats, compared to Wistar rats. Similarly, natural food intake in the dark phase or food intake after an overnight fast was reduced by 56–81% in GK rats. Fasting (48 h) and refeeding (2 h)-associated changes in serum ghrelin, insulin, peptide YY, pancreatic polypeptide and leptin, and the concomitant changes in orexigenic or anorexigenic peptide expression in the brainstem and hypothalamus, all apparent in Wistar rats, were absent or markedly reduced in GK rats, with hormone release stimulated by vagal activation, such as ghrelin and pancreatic polypeptide, decreased substantially. Fasting-induced Fos expression accompanying endogenous brainstem TRH action decreased by 66% and 91%, respectively, in the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) and the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMV) in GK rats, compared to Wistar rats. Refeeding abolished fasting-induced Fos-expression in the NTS, while that in the DMV remained in Wistar but not GK rats. These findings indicate that dysfunctional brainstem TRH-elicited vagal impairment contributes to the disturbed food intake in T2D GK rats, and may provide a pathophysiological mechanism which prevents further weight gain in T2D and obesity.

K. Zhao; Y. Ao; R.M. Harper; V.L.W. Go; H. Yang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Water Resources Milind Sohoni  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Agricultural, Industrial and Domestic 4 Annexure III: Water recycling technologies Wastewater and Industrial

Sohoni, Milind

398

Irrigation Water Quality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Irrigation water quality is determined by the total amounts of salts and the types of salts the water contains. In this publication you'll learn why well water can be salty, what problems salty water can cause, what tests should be done...

McFarland, Mark L.; Lemon, Robert G.; Stichler, Charles

2002-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

399

Water Power Forum | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Water Power Forum Water Power Forum Home > Water Power Forum > Posts by term > Water Power Forum Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Term: MHK Type Term Title Author Replies Last Post sort icon Document MHK MHK Cost Breakdown Structure Draft Kch 1 18 Apr 2013 - 13:33 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content Hi Vanessa-I connected wit... 2013 projects and funding Comments on MHK Cost Reduction Pathway White Papers MHK LCOE Reporting Guidance Draft MHK Cost Breakdown Structure Draft more Group members (10) Managers: Graham7781 Recent members: Vanessa.gregory Alison.labonte Gdavis Jim mcveigh Ocop Thomas.heibel NickL Kch Rmckeel 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142253780

400

Water Power Forum | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Water Power Forum Water Power Forum Home > Water Power Forum > Posts by term > Water Power Forum Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Term: marine energy Type Term Title Author Replies Last Post sort icon Document marine energy MHK Cost Breakdown Structure Draft Kch 1 18 Apr 2013 - 13:33 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content Hi Vanessa-I connected wit... 2013 projects and funding Comments on MHK Cost Reduction Pathway White Papers MHK LCOE Reporting Guidance Draft MHK Cost Breakdown Structure Draft more Group members (10) Managers: Graham7781 Recent members: Vanessa.gregory Alison.labonte Gdavis Jim mcveigh Ocop Thomas.heibel NickL Kch Rmckeel 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation:

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water intake structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Water Power Forum | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Water Power Forum Water Power Forum Home > Water Power Forum > Posts by term > Water Power Forum Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Term: CBS Type Term Title Author Replies Last Post sort icon Document CBS MHK Cost Breakdown Structure Draft Kch 1 18 Apr 2013 - 13:33 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content Hi Vanessa-I connected wit... 2013 projects and funding Comments on MHK Cost Reduction Pathway White Papers MHK LCOE Reporting Guidance Draft MHK Cost Breakdown Structure Draft more Group members (10) Managers: Graham7781 Recent members: Vanessa.gregory Alison.labonte Gdavis Jim mcveigh Ocop Thomas.heibel NickL Kch Rmckeel 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142234690

402

Original article Effects of moderate fat intake with different n-3 fatty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ratios on serum and structural lipids in rats L Frémont MT Gozzelino T Hojjat INRA, laboratoire de fatty acids (PUFA) on serum and membrane lipids in rats fed diets containing moderate levels of fats (6, which has a stimulating effect on triacylglycerol synthesis and secretion, was less incorporated

Boyer, Edmond

403

Drinking Water Problems: Benzene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

their water. Activated charcoal or granular activated carbon Cellulose fibers Unfiltered water inlet Filtered water outlet Carbon granules Cellulose fibers Cellulose fibers Figure 2: Granular activated carbon (GAC) filter (adapted from Parrott et al...). filters used to improve the taste or remove odor of the water also can remove some contaminants in water supplies. These filters are effective in removing vola- tile organic compounds which easily vaporize into the atmosphere under normal conditions...

Dozier, Monty; Lesikar, Bruce J.

2009-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

404

Ground water and energy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This national workshop on ground water and energy was conceived by the US Department of Energy's Office of Environmental Assessments. Generally, OEA needed to know what data are available on ground water, what information is still needed, and how DOE can best utilize what has already been learned. The workshop focussed on three areas: (1) ground water supply; (2) conflicts and barriers to ground water use; and (3) alternatives or solutions to the various issues relating to ground water. (ACR)

Not Available

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Multiphoton ionization of large water clusters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Water clusters are multimers of water molecules held together by hydrogen bonds. In the present work, multiphoton ionization in the UV range coupled with time of flight mass spectrometry has been applied to water clusters with up to 160 molecules in order to obtain information on the electronic states of clusters of different sizes up to dimensions that can approximate the bulk phase. The dependence of ion intensities of water clusters and their metastable fragments produced by laser ionization at 355 nm on laser power density indicates a (3+1)-photon resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization process. It also explains the large increase of ionization efficiency at 355 nm compared to that at 266 nm. Indeed, it was found, by applying both nanosecond and picosecond laser ionization with the two different UV wavelengths, that no water cluster sequences after n = 9 could be observed at 266 nm, whereas water clusters up to m/z 2000 Th in reflectron mode and m/z 3000 Th in linear mode were detected at 355 nm. The agreement between our findings on clusters of water, especially true in the range with n > 10, and reported data for liquid water supports the hypothesis that clusters above a critical dimension can approximate the liquid phase. It should thus be possible to study clusters just above 10 water molecules, for getting information on the bulk phase structure.

Apicella, B., E-mail: apicella@irc.cnr.it [Combustion Research Institute, IRC–C.N.R., P.le Tecchio 80, 80125 Napoli (Italy); Li, X. [Key Laboratory of Power Machinery and Engineering, Ministry of Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Passaro, M. [CNISM and Chemical Engineering, Materials and Industrial Production Department, University of Naples “Federico II,” P.le Tecchio 80, 80125 Napoli (Italy); Spinelli, N. [CNISM and Physics Department, University of Naples “Federico II,” Via Cintia, 80124 Napoli (Italy); Wang, X. [SPIN–C.N.R., Via Cintia, 80124 Napoli (Italy)

2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

406

Water Power Forum | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Water Power Forum Water Power Forum Home > Water Power Forum > Posts by term Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds CBS (1) community (1) Cost (1) Current (1) current energy (1) DOE (1) forum (1) gateway (1) GMREC (1) LCOE (2) levelized cost of energy (1) marine energy (1) MHK (1) numerical modeling (1) ocean energy (1) OpenEI (1) Performance (1) Tidal (1) Water power (1) Wave (1) Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content MHK LCOE Reporting Guidance Draft MHK Cost Breakdown Structure Draft Global Marine Renewable Energy Conference (GMREC) OpenEI launches new Water Power Gateway and Community Forum Group members (8) Managers: Graham7781 Recent members: Gdavis Jim mcveigh Ocop Thomas.heibel NickL Kch Rmckeel 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

407

Water Power Forum | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Water Power Forum Water Power Forum Home > Water Power Forum > Posts by term > Water Power Forum Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Term: community Type Term Title Author Replies Last Post sort icon Blog entry community OpenEI launches new Water Power Gateway and Community Forum Graham7781 28 Mar 2013 - 15:16 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content Hi Vanessa-I connected wit... 2013 projects and funding Comments on MHK Cost Reduction Pathway White Papers MHK LCOE Reporting Guidance Draft MHK Cost Breakdown Structure Draft more Group members (10) Managers: Graham7781 Recent members: Vanessa.gregory Alison.labonte Gdavis Jim mcveigh Ocop Thomas.heibel NickL Kch Rmckeel 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load)

408

Water Power Forum | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Water Power Forum Water Power Forum Home > Water Power Forum > Posts by term > Water Power Forum Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Term: numerical modeling Type Term Title Author Replies Last Post sort icon Document numerical modeling MHK LCOE Reporting Guidance Draft Ocop 1 18 Apr 2013 - 13:56 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content MHK LCOE Reporting Guidance Draft MHK Cost Breakdown Structure Draft Global Marine Renewable Energy Conference (GMREC) OpenEI launches new Water Power Gateway and Community Forum Group members (8) Managers: Graham7781 Recent members: Gdavis Jim mcveigh Ocop Thomas.heibel NickL Kch Rmckeel 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 208438428

409

Water Power Forum | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Water Power Forum Water Power Forum Home > Water Power Forum > Posts by term > Water Power Forum Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Term: forum Type Term Title Author Replies Last Post sort icon Blog entry forum OpenEI launches new Water Power Gateway and Community Forum Graham7781 28 Mar 2013 - 15:16 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content Hi Vanessa-I connected wit... 2013 projects and funding Comments on MHK Cost Reduction Pathway White Papers MHK LCOE Reporting Guidance Draft MHK Cost Breakdown Structure Draft more Group members (10) Managers: Graham7781 Recent members: Vanessa.gregory Alison.labonte Gdavis Jim mcveigh Ocop Thomas.heibel NickL Kch Rmckeel 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load)

410

Effects of Crude Protein Content on Intake and Digestion of Coastal Bermudagrass Hay by Horses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

between 30 and 80% of the energy to an equine (Glinsky et al., 1976; Vermorel et al., 1997). Fermentable carbohydrates are classified as rapidly fermentable (CHO-FR) or slowly fermentable (CHO-FS) (Hoffman et al., 2001). Pectins, fructans..., oligosaccharides, and any starch escaping enzymatic hydrolysis, make up the CHO-FR fraction (Hoffman et al., 2001; Hall, 2003). Slowly fermentable carbohydrates include the structural polysaccharides found in the cell wall fraction, hemicellulose, cellulose...

Spurgin, Chelsey L.

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

411

Structural Genomics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Structural Genomics ... Structural genomics is the field of science focused on the systematic determination of the three-dimensional structure of the proteins encoded into genomes. ... Structural genomics is spreading the philosophy of high throughput in all fields of science and making available new tools to speed up research procedures. ...

Ivano Bertini

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Water retention and gas relative permeability of two industrial concretes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This experimental study aims at identifying the water retention properties of two industrial concretes to be used for long term underground nuclear waste storage structures. Together with water retention, gas transfer properties are identified at varying water saturation level, i.e. relative gas permeability is assessed directly as a function of water saturation level S{sub w}. The influence of the initial de-sorption path and of the subsequent re-saturation are analysed both in terms of water retention and gas transfer properties. Also, the influence of concrete microstructure upon water retention and relative gas permeability is assessed, using porosity measurements, analysis of the BET theory from water retention properties, and MIP. Finally, a single relative gas permeability curve is proposed for each concrete, based on Van Genuchten-Mualem's statistical model, to be used for continuous modelling approaches of concrete structures, both during drying and imbibition.

Chen Wei; Liu Jian; Brue, Flore; Skoczylas, Frederic [Univ Lille Nord de France, F-59000 Lille (France); ECLille, LML, BP 48, F-59650 Villeneuve d'Ascq (France); CNRS, UMR 8107, F-59650 Villeneuve d'Ascq (France); Davy, C.A., E-mail: catherine.davy@ec-lille.fr [Univ Lille Nord de France, F-59000 Lille (France); ECLille, LML, BP 48, F-59650 Villeneuve d'Ascq (France); CNRS, UMR 8107, F-59650 Villeneuve d'Ascq (France); Bourbon, Xavier; Talandier, Jean [Andra, 1-7 rue Jean Monnet, F-92298 Chatenay-Malabry Cedex (France)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

413

Reactor water cleanup system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A reactor water cleanup system includes a reactor pressure vessel containing a reactor core submerged in reactor water. First and second parallel cleanup trains are provided for extracting portions of the reactor water from the pressure vessel, cleaning the extracted water, and returning the cleaned water to the pressure vessel. Each of the cleanup trains includes a heat exchanger for cooling the reactor water, and a cleaner for cleaning the cooled reactor water. A return line is disposed between the cleaner and the pressure vessel for channeling the cleaned water thereto in a first mode of operation. A portion of the cooled water is bypassed around the cleaner during a second mode of operation and returned through the pressure vessel for shutdown cooling.

Gluntz, Douglas M. (San Jose, CA); Taft, William E. (Los Gatos, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Reactor water cleanup system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A reactor water cleanup system includes a reactor pressure vessel containing a reactor core submerged in reactor water. First and second parallel cleanup trains are provided for extracting portions of the reactor water from the pressure vessel, cleaning the extracted water, and returning the cleaned water to the pressure vessel. Each of the cleanup trains includes a heat exchanger for cooling the reactor water, and a cleaner for cleaning the cooled reactor water. A return line is disposed between the cleaner and the pressure vessel for channeling the cleaned water thereto in a first mode of operation. A portion of the cooled water is bypassed around the cleaner during a second mode of operation and returned through the pressure vessel for shutdown cooling. 1 figure.

Gluntz, D.M.; Taft, W.E.

1994-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

415

Effects of monensin on intake, digestibility, and turnover of organic matter and bacterial protein in grazing cattle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). In t r i a l 10A, where crude protein (210 g) sub treatments were included* monensin and CP appeared to have equal effect on increasing d i g e s t i b i l i t y of NDF. No r e a l differences i n either d i g e s t i b i l i t y of OM or DNF were... compromised by experimental ( t r i a l 7) or dietary ( t r i a l 11A) factors. The effects of monensin on forage intake were variable. The effect seemed to be related to forage state. Animals grazing low (< 45% diges t i b l e OM) ( t r i a l 10A) or high...

DeLaney, David Scott

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

416

Journal of Fluids and Structures 20 (2005) 753762 Fluidstructure interaction and transient cavitation tests in a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­structure interaction (FSI); Vaporous cavitation; Column separation 1. Introduction Pressure variations in a water-hammer

Tijsseling, A.S.

417

Water resources data, Kentucky. Water year 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Water resources data for the 1991 water year for Kentucky consist of records of stage, discharge, and water quality of streams and lakes; and water-levels of wells. This report includes daily discharge records for 115 stream-gaging stations. It also includes water-quality data for 38 stations sampled at regular intervals. Also published are 13 daily temperature and 8 specific conductance records, and 85 miscellaneous temperature and specific conductance determinations for the gaging stations. Suspended-sediment data for 12 stations (of which 5 are daily) are also published. Ground-water levels are published for 23 recording and 117 partial sites. Precipitation data at a regular interval is published for 1 site. Additional water data were collected at various sites not involved in the systematic data-collection program and are published as miscellaneous measurement and analyses. These data represent that part of the National Water Data System operated by the US Geological Survey and cooperation State and Federal agencies in Kentucky.

McClain, D.L.; Byrd, F.D.; Brown, A.C.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

418

Ethanol intake and ethanol-conditioned place preference are reduced in mice treated with the bioflavonoid agent naringin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Recently, PPAR-? activation has emerged as a potential treatment for alcoholism. However, the adverse effects of synthetic PPAR-? activators, despite being effective drugs, prompted the need for novel PPAR-? agonists that retain efficacy and potency with a lower potential of side effects. Hence, naringin, a bioflavonoid isolated from citrus fruits and recently identified as a natural ligand of PPAR-?, has begun to be evaluated for treatment of alcoholism. It is well known to possess several therapeutic benefits in addition to its anti-anxiety and antidepressant properties. In the present study, we assessed whether naringin treatment possesses anti-ethanol reward properties in C57BL/6 mice. We used the two-bottle choice drinking paradigm and ethanol-induced conditioned place preference (CPP) to examine the effect of naringin treatment on ethanol drinking. Results have shown that, compared with vehicle, naringin (10–100 mg/kg) significantly and dose-dependently decreased voluntary ethanol intake and preference in a two-bottle choice drinking paradigm [3–15% (v/v) escalating over 2 weeks], with no significant effect observed on saccharin [0.02–0.08% (w/v)] or on quinine [15–60 ?M (w/v)] intake. In addition, there was no significant difference in blood ethanol concentration (BEC) between groups following naringin administration of 3 g of ethanol/kg body weight. Interestingly, when mice were treated with vehicle or naringin (30 mg/kg) before injection of ethanol (1.5 g/kg) during conditioning days, naringin inhibited the acquisition of ethanol-CPP. More importantly, these effects were significantly attenuated when mice were pre-injected with the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-? (PPAR-?) antagonist, GW9662. Taken together, the present findings are the first to implicate naringin and PPAR-? receptors in the behavioral and reward-related effects of ethanol and raise the question of whether specific drugs that target PPAR-? receptors could potentially reduce excessive ethanol consumption and preference.

Amine Bahi; Syed M. Nurulain; Shreesh Ojha

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Interactions of CB1 and mGlu5 receptor antagonists in food intake, anxiety and memory models in rats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CB1 receptor antagonists proved to be effective anti-obesity drugs, however, their depressive and anxiogenic effects became also evident. Finding solution to overcome these psychiatric side effects is still in focus of research. Based on the available clinical and preclinical results we hypothesized that the combination of CB1 and mGlu5 receptor antagonisms may result in a pharmacological intervention, where the anxiolytic mGlu5 receptor inhibition may counteract the anxiogenic psychiatric side effects of CB1 antagonism, while CB1 antagonism may ameliorate the memory impairing effect of mGlu5 receptor antagonism. Further, the two components will synergistically interact in blocking food-intake and reducing obesity. For testing the interaction of mGlu5 and CB1 receptor antagonism MTEP [3-[(2-methyl-1,3-thiazol-4-yl)ethynyl]pridine; SIB-1757, 6-methyl-2-(phenylazo)-3-pyridinol)] (mGlu5 antagonist) and rimonabant [(5-(4-Chlorophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichloro-phenyl)-4-methyl-N-(piperidin-1-yl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxamide)hydrochloride] (CB1 antagonist) were used. All experiments were carried out in rats. Effects of the compounds on anxiety were tested in two foot shock induced ultrasonic vocalization paradigms, appetite suppression was assessed in the food intake test, while memory effects were tested in a context conditioned ultrasonic vocalization setup. MTEP abolished the anxiogenic effect of rimonabant, while there was an additive cooperation in suppressing appetite. However, rimonabant did not ameliorate the memory impairing effect of MTEP. By combination of CB1 and mGluR5 antagonism, anxiety related side effects might be attenuated, appetite suppression maintained, nevertheless, the possible emergence of unwanted memory impairments can overshadow its therapeutic success.

Balázs Varga; Ferenc Kassai; István Gyertyán

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Potential benefits of oxygen-enriched intake air in a vehicle powered by a spark-ignition engine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A production vehicle powered by a spark-ignition engine (3.1-L Chevrolet Lumina, model year 1990) was tested. The test used oxygen-enriched intake air containing 25 and 28% oxygen by volume to determine (1) if the vehicle would run without difficulties and (2) if emissions benefits would result. Standard Federal Test Procedure (FTP) emissions test cycles were run satisfactorily. Test results of catalytic converter-out emissions (emissions out of the converter) showed that both carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons were reduced significantly in all three phases of the emissions test cycle. Test results of engine-out emissions (emissions straight out of the engine, with the converter removed) showed that carbon monoxide was significantly reduced in the cold phase. All emission test results were compared with those for normal air (21% oxygen). The catalytic converter also had an improved carbon monoxide conversion efficiency under the oxygen-enriched-air conditions. Detailed results of hydrocarbon speciation indicated large reductions in 1,3-butadiene, formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, and benzene from the engine with the oxygen-enriched air. Catalytic converter-out ozone was reduced by 60% with 25%-oxygen-content air. Although NO{sub x} emissions increased significantly, both for engine-out and catalytic converter-out emissions, we anticipate that they can be ameliorated in the near future with new control technologies. The automotive industry currently is developing exhaust-gas control technologies for an oxidizing environment; these technologies should reduce NO{sub x} emissions more efficiently in vehicles that use oxygen-enriched intake air. On the basis of estimates made from current data, several production vehicles that had low NO{sub x} emissions could meet the 2004 Tier II emissions standards with 25%-oxygen-content air.

Ng, H.K.; Sekar, R.R.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water intake structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Reduction of fuel consumption in gasoline engines by introducing HHO gas into intake manifold  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Brown’s gas (HHO) has recently been introduced to the auto industry as a new source of energy. The present work proposes the design of a new device attached to the engine to integrate an HHO production system with the gasoline engine. The proposed HHO generating device is compact and can be installed in the engine compartment. This auxiliary device was designed, constructed, integrated and tested on a gasoline engine. Test experiments were conducted on a 197cc (Honda G 200) single-cylinder engine. The outcome shows that the optimal surface area of an electrolyte needed to generate sufficient amount of HHO is twenty times that of the piston surface area. Also, the volume of water needed in the cell is about one and half times that of the engine capacity. Eventually, the goals of the integration are: a 20–30% reduction in fuel consumption, lower exhaust temperature, and consequently a reduction in pollution.

Ammar A. Al-Rousan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Genetic Polymorphisms in Nitric Oxide Synthase Genes Modify the Relationship between Vegetable and Fruit Intake and Risk of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...history of NHL, total energy intake (kcal), smoking...significant after false discovery rate adjustment for...primarily found in dark-green leafy vegetables...Controlling the false discovery rate: a practical and...regression model. The false discovery rate method was applied...

Xuesong Han; Tongzhang Zheng; Qing Lan; Yaqun Zhang; Briseis A. Kilfoy; Qin Qin; Nathaniel Rothman; Shelia H. Zahm; Theodore R. Holford; Brian Leaderer; and Yawei Zhang

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Use of a Urinary Sugars Biomarker to Assess Measurement Error in Self-Reported Sugars Intake in the Nutrition and Physical Activity Assessment Study (NPAAS)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...were collected along with sugars and energy dietary biomarkers. Results: Using the...and 4DFR (AF = 0.32), in studies of energy-adjusted sugars and disease risk. In...10) compared FFQ, 24HRs, and 4DFR energy and protein intake in NPAAS against respective...

Natasha Tasevska; Douglas Midthune; Lesley F. Tinker; Nancy Potischman; Johanna W. Lampe; Marian L. Neuhouser; Jeannette M. Beasley; Linda Van Horn; Ross L. Prentice; Victor Kipnis

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Gene expression changes in mononuclear cells from patients with metabolic syndrome after acute intake of phenol-rich virgin olive oil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract Background Previous studies have shown that acute intake of high-phenol virgin olive oil reduces pro-inflammatory, pro-oxidant and pro-thrombotic markers compared with low phenols virgin olive oil, but it still remains unclear whether...

Camargo, Antonio; Ruano, Juan; Fernandez, Juan M; Parnell, Laurence D; Jimenez, Anabel; Santos-Gonzalez, Monica; Marin, Carmen; Perez-Martinez, Pablo; Uceda, Marino; Lopez-Miranda, Jose; Perez-Jimenez, Francisco

2010-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

425

Model-based Adaptive Observers for Intake Leakage Detection in Diesel Riccardo Ceccarelli, Carlos Canudas-de-Wit, Philippe Moulin and Antonio Sciarretta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Model-based Adaptive Observers for Intake Leakage Detection in Diesel Engines Riccardo Ceccarelli Diesel engine testbed. I. INTRODUCTION Modern diesel engine has the potential of a significant reduction of the functioning of a air-path in a diesel engine with exhaust gas recirculation circuit is presented. More

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

426

Model-based Adaptive Observers for Intake Leakage Detection in Diesel Riccardo Ceccarelli , Carlos Canudas-de-Wit, Philippe Moulin and Antonio Sciarretta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Model-based Adaptive Observers for Intake Leakage Detection in Diesel Engines Riccardo Ceccarelli diesel engine professional simulator AMEsim. I. INTRODUCTION Modern diesel engine has the potential of the functioning of a air-path in a diesel engine with exhaust gas recirculation circuit is presented. More

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

427

Influence of Dietary Fatty Acid, Vegetable, and Vitamin Intake on Etheno-DNA Adducts in White Blood Cells of Healthy Female Volunteers: A Pilot Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Environ. Health Perspect., 101: 372-377, 1993. 14 Boeing H., Wahrendorf J., Becker N. EPIC-Germany-a source...Korfmann A., Kroke A., Becker N., Schulze M. B., Boeing H. Dietary habits in the German EPIC cohorts: food group intake...

Tina Hagenlocher; Jagadeesan Nair; Nikolaus Becker; Andrea Korfmann; Helmut Bartsch

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Type A Accident Investigation of the March 16, 2000, Plutonium-238 Multiple Intake Event at the Plutonium Facility, Los Alamos National Laboratory, New Mexico  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

On March 16, 2000, at approximately 2 p.m., a radiological release of plutonium-238 occurred near a glovebox in the Plutonium Processing and Handling Facility (TA-55) of the Los Alamos National Laboratory. At least seven of the eight workers who were in the room at the time received confirmed intakes of plutonium-238.

429

Association of Energy Intake and Energy Balance with Postmenopausal Breast Cancer in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...XO, et al. Energy balance and breast...cancer in western New York. Am J Epidemiol...Implication of total energy intake for epidemiologic...Epidemiology. New York (NY): Oxford...Koh YO. A new predictive equation for resting energy expenditure in...

Shih-Chen Chang; Regina G. Ziegler; Barbara Dunn; Rachael Stolzenberg-Solomon; James V. Lacey, Jr.; Wen-Yi Huang; Arthur Schatzkin; Douglas Reding; Robert N. Hoover; Patricia Hartge; and Michael F. Leitzmann

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Effects of intracerebroventricular ghrelin on food intake and Fos expression in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus in female rats vary with estrous cycle phase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Intracerebroventricular (icv) injection of ghrelin increases food intake via activation of neuropeptide Y (NPY)/agouti-related protein (AgRP) neurons, which express growth hormone secretagogue receptor type 1a (GHS-R1a), in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus (Arc) in male rats. Conversely, elevation in endogenous estrogens or exogenous estrogens decreases food intake, but the precise mechanism mediating this estrogenic effect is unknown. We studied whether the effects of icv ghrelin on food intake and on the expression of Fos, a marker of neuron activation, vary with estrous cycle phase in female rats. Icv ghrelin (100 pmol) significantly increased food intake after injection in diestrus, but it did not affect food intake in proestrus during light phase. Icv ghrelin increased the number of Fos-positive neurons in the Arc both in proestrus and diestrus; however, a significantly larger number of Fos-positive neurons appeared in diestrus than in proestrus. Real-time RT-PCR analysis showed no significant difference in GHS-R1a mRNA expression levels in the mediobasal hypothalamus between diestrus and proestrus. These results indicated that not only the orexigenic effect but also the Fos-inducing effect of icv ghrelin were influenced by the estrous cycle phase; and both effects were reduced in proestrus but not in diestrus. Most NPY/AgRP neurons seemed to be influenced indirectly by estrogens during proestrus because only a few of the NPY/AgRP neurons present in the Arc express ER?. The change in GHS-R1a expression levels in the hypothalamus during estrous cycle is not probably involved in the estrous cycle-induced changes in ghrelin action because there was no difference in GHS-R1a mRNA expression between diestrus and proestrus.

Nobuko Sakurazawa; Asuka Mano-Otagiri; Takahiro Nemoto; Tamotsu Shibasaki

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Energy-Water Overview  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Emerging Issues and Challenges Emerging Issues and Challenges DOE/EIA 2010 Energy Conference Mike Hightower Sandia National Laboratories mmhight@sandia.gov, 505-844-5499 Energy and Water are ... Interdependent Water for Energy and Energy for Water Energy and power production require water: * Thermoelectric cooling * Hydropower * Energy minerals extraction/mining * Fuel Production (fossil fuels, H 2 , biofuels) * Emission control Water production, processing, distribution, and end-use require energy: * Pumping * Conveyance and Transport * Treatment * Use conditioning * Surface and Ground water Water Consumption by Sector U.S. Freshwater Consumption, 100 Bgal/day Livestock 3.3% Thermoelectric 3.3% Commercial 1.2% Domestic 7.1% Industrial 3.3% Mining 1.2% Irrigation 80.6% Energy uses 27 percent of all non-agricultural fresh water

432

Water Management Planning  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

water efficiency water efficiency at Federal sites Background The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) sponsored a water assessment at the Y-12 National Security Complex (Y-12) located in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, during fiscal year 2010. Driven by mandated water reduction goals of Executive Orders 13423 and 13514, the objective of the water assessment was to develop a comprehensive understanding of the current water-consuming applications and equipment at Y-12 and to identify key areas for water efficiency improvements. The water-assessment team learned key lessons from the Y-12 assessment. Therefore, the aim of this document is to share these key lessons to help other large process-driven sites at the Department of Energy (DOE) and beyond develop a comprehensive

433

Water Management Planning  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

water efficiency water efficiency at Federal sites Background The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) sponsored a water assessment at the Y-12 National Security Complex (Y-12) located in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, during fiscal year 2010. Driven by mandated water reduction goals of Executive Orders 13423 and 13514, the objective of the water assessment was to develop a comprehensive understanding of the current water-consuming applications and equipment at Y-12 and to identify key areas for water efficiency improvements. The water-assessment team learned key lessons from the Y-12 assessment. Therefore, the aim of this document is to share these key lessons to help other large process-driven sites at the Department of Energy (DOE) and beyond develop a comprehensive

434

Water | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Water Water Dataset Summary Description This dataset is from the report Operational water consumption and withdrawal factors for electricity generating technologies: a review of existing literature (J. Macknick, R. Newmark, G. Heath and K.C. Hallett) and provides estimates of operational water withdrawal and water consumption factors for electricity generating technologies in the United States. Estimates of water factors were collected from published primary literature and were not modified except for unit conversions. Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released August 28th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords coal consumption csp factors geothermal PV renewable energy technologies Water wind withdrawal Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon Operational water consumption and withdrawal factors for electricity generating technologies (xlsx, 77.7 KiB)

435

Water Rate Escalations  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Federal agencies need accurate water cost escalation rates to perform life cycle cost analyses for water efficiency projects to meet Executive Order 13514 and Energy Independence and Security Act...

436

Water Pollution Control (Indiana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Indiana Department of Environmental Management and the Water Pollution Control Board are tasked with the prevention of pollution in the waters of the state. The Board may adopt rules and...

437

Water, Sun, Energy | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Water, Sun, Energy Water, Sun, Energy Novel method yields highly reactive, highly hydroxylated TiO2 surface The team's new method is a two-step photochemical process. STM images...

438

Global Water Sustainability:  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...fracturing, or fracking, involves the...environmental impacts associated with...water into the environment (Kargbo et al...water into the environment can have a range of impacts. While many...Evaluate the Impacts to USDWs by Hydraulic...

Kelvin B. Gregory; Radisav D. Vidic; David A. Dzombak

439

Electrolysis of Sea Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In implementation of the hydrogen economy, the electrolysis of sea water as the source of hydrogen has been ... . Two options exist for performance of this electrolysis. The first option is to subject the water t...

L. O. Williams

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Water Quality (Oklahoma)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Water Quality Act establishes cumulative remedies to prevent, abate and control the pollution of the waters of the state. The act establishes responsibilities of the Oklahoma Department of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water intake structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

California's Water Energy Relationship  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.........................................................................................................................7 THE ENERGY INTENSITY OF THE WATER USE CYCLE.........................................................................................9 ENERGY INTENSITY IN NORTHERN AND SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA1 CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION California's Water ­ Energy Relationship Prepared in Support

442

ARM Water Vapor IOP  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ARM Water Vapor IOP The SGP CART site will host the third ARM water vapor IOP on September 18-October 8, 2000. The CART site is home to a powerful array of instruments capable of...

443

Water Cycle Pilot Study  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 Water Cycle Pilot Study To learn more about Earth's water cycle, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has established a multi-laboratory science team representing five DOE...

444

September 2004 Water Sampling  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

2014 Groundwater, Surface Water, Produced Water, and Natural Gas Sampling at the Gasbuggy, New Mexico, Site October 2014 LMSGSBS00614 Available for sale to the public from: U.S....

445

The Water Problem  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

New editions of Wasser Kalender 1979 [1) and the Manual on Water [2) have been published. A bibliography on water resources in arid and semiarid regions contains 140 abstracts, 31 of which are new entries. The...

Prof. Dr. Anthony Delyannis; Dr. Euridike-Emmy Delyannis

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Zombie Water Projects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...it makes no difference to the corn and the alfalfa whether it gets Colorado River water or Mississippi water or Missouri ... which have been severely impaired this year by flood conditions, and at the same tim...

Peter H. Gleick; Matthew Heberger; Kristina Donnelly

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Water and Energy Interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

birds, the overall water requirements are minimal and exist only for washing the blades of wind turbines

McMahon, James E.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Facing Israel's water problems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Sea of Galilee), rivers and wadies; it calls for the implementation of sea water desalination by nuclear energy.

Kapai Pines

1975-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

449

Heat Pump Water Heaters  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Water Heaters Showerheads Residential Weatherization Performance Tested Comfort Systems Ductless Heat Pumps New Construction Residential Marketing Toolkit Retail Sales...

450

Factors affecting water coning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of these variables and plotted as reservoir WOR versus cumulative production of recoverable oil; the water and oil production characteristi cs of a field situation can be predicted by finding the equivalent system among these computer runs. The surface water... of these variables and plotted as reservoir WOR versus cumulative production of recoverable oil; the water and oil production characteristi cs of a field situation can be predicted by finding the equivalent system among these computer runs. The surface water...

Parker, Randy Keith

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

451

Technology in water conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

through water conservation, introduction of new technology does not automati- cally result in water savings. #27;e new evapotrans- piration-based irrigation controllers illustrate the point. A lawn?s need for water is dependent on the weather... conditions. #27;e new controllers link operation of the sprinkler system to weather conditions collected on site or through an ongoing feed from radio- or web-based data. If businesses and homeowners are over-watering lawns, the technology could result...

Finch, Dr. Calvin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Surface Water Quality Standards  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SURFACE WATER QUALITY STANDARDS AAs part of the ongoing program to manage Texaswater quality, the Texas Commission onEnvironmental Quality (TCEQ) is currently review- ing the Texas Surface Water Quality Standards, including the standards... for contact recreation use. Preliminary public comment plus input from the Surface Water Quality Standards Advisory Work Group have provided guidance on options available for revising the standards, said Jim Davenport, leader of the TCEQ Water Quality...

Wythe, Kathy

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Water and Energy Interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydroelectricity for agriculture and hydroelectricity. Large volumes of waterElectricity Production Hydroelectricity The most common type

McMahon, James E.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Electrolysis of Water  

K-12 Energy Lesson Plans and Activities Web site (EERE)

Students observe the electrolysis of water using either photovoltaics or a battery as the electric energy source.

455

Dynamics of water and aqueous protons studied using ultrafast multi-dimensional infrared spectroscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Liquid water consists of a highly dynamic network of hydrogen bonds, which evolves on timescales ranging from tens of femtoseconds to a few picoseconds. The fast structural evolution of water's hydrogen bond network is at ...

Ramasesha, Krupa

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Colorado Division of Water Resources Substitute Water Supply...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Substitute Water Supply Plans Webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Colorado Division of Water Resources Substitute Water Supply...

457

Carbon and Water Resource Management for Water Distribution Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the embodied energy in drinking water supply systems: a caselosses to 5% of total drinking water supply for threeResearch Council. Drinking Water Distribution Systems:

Hendrickson, Thomas Peter

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Addressing Water Contamination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

biobed to become water-logged, which compromises the efficiency of the degradation mechanism. Technology of space. Moreover, the VG Biobed is more efficient. It relies on "evapo- transpiration" of water by plants, rather than simple evaporation, and soil activity, to clean the water; under this approach, efficient

Loewith, Robbie

459

Water Resources Milind Sohoni  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-photosynthesis, energy transfer in animals, and so on. Life as we know it is water-centric (and organic carbon 20, 2012 6 / 17 #12;Water availability Total renewable (defined using the water cycle) per-capita, per year. Country cu. m. Congo 275,000 Canada 94,000 Brazil 48,000 Mongolia, Indonesia 13,000 Japan

Sohoni, Milind

460

Water-Heating Dehumidifier  

Energy Innovation Portal (Marketing Summaries) [EERE]

A small appliance developed at ORNL dehumidifies air and then recycles heat to warm water in a water heater. The device circulates cool, dry air in summer and warm air in winter. In addition, the invention can cut the energy required to run a conventional water heater by an estimated 50 per cent....

2010-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water intake structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Water treatment method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is described for reducing the concentration of any undesirable metals dissolved in contaminated water, such as waste water. The method involves uniformly reacting the contaminated water with an excess amount of solid particulate calcium sulfite to insolubilize the undesirable metal ions, followed by removal thereof and of the unreacted calcium sulfite.

Martin, F.S.; Silver, G.L.

1991-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

462

STORM WATER Residential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STORM WATER QUALITY HOTLINE UCSC Residential Car Washing http THAT MAY CAUSE ENVIRONMENTAL HARM TO THE STORM WATER QUALITY HOTLINE: (831) 459-2553. LIKE US ON FACEBOOK AT UCSC STORM WATER MANAGEMENT PROGRAM! DID YOU KNOW? PRACTICAL SOLUTIONS > USE A COMMERCIAL CAR WASH

California at Santa Cruz, University of

463

Dynamics of Confined Water Molecules in Aqueous Salt Hydrates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The unusual properties of water are largely dictated by the dynamics of the H bond network. A single water molecule has more H bonding sites than atoms, hence new experimental and theoretical investigations about this peculiar liquid have not ceased to appear. Confinement of water to nanodroplets or small molecular clusters drastically changes many of the liquid’s properties. Such confined water plays a major role in the solvation of macro molecules such as proteins and can even be essential to their properties. Despite the vast results available on bulk and confined water, discussions about the correlation between spectral and structural properties continue to this day. The fast relaxation of the OH stretching vibration in bulk water, and the variance of sample geometries in the experiments on confined water obfuscate definite interpretation of the spectroscopic results in terms of structural parameters. We present first time-resolved investigations on a new model system that is ideally suited to overcome many of the problems faced in spectroscopical investigation of the H bond network of water. Aqueous hydrates of inorganic salts provide water molecules in a crystal grid, that enables unambiguous correlations of spectroscopic and structural features. Furthermore, the confined water clusters are well isolated from each other in the crystal matrix, so different degrees of confinement can be achieved by selection of the appropriate salt.

Werhahn, Jasper C.; Pandelov, S.; Yoo, Soohaeng; Xantheas, Sotiris S.; Iglev, H.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Visible structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

All architecture is the interplay between structure, surface and ornament. Traditionally, ornament adorned structure thereby giving it its meaning. A society with its intellectual foundations resting in faith or the abstract ...

Conway, Helene Marie

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Structural biology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...systematic attempt to 1980 K. C. Holmes Structural biology...structural genomics (Shapiro & Lima 1998). The purpose...Rosenbaum, G., Holmes, K. C. & Witz, J. 1971 Synchrotron...95, 13 585^13590. Shapiro, L. & Lima, C. D. 1998 The Argonne...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Water Formatics Engineered formation of nanobubbles networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of nanobubbles [3,4,11,14]. 2. A decrease in surface tension from 72 to 68 dyn/cm [11]. 3. Increase nanobubble network is the out come of a self organization process due to the collective effect of bubble-bubble term stability of water structure is resulted from the formation of dense array of stable gas

Jacob, Eshel Ben

467

Water Efficiency | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Water Efficiency Water Efficiency Water is one of our most precious natural resources, and although the United States has an abundant supply, it is not evenly distributed...

468

Water Heating | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

to cut your water heating bill. Estimating Costs and Efficiency of Storage, Demand, and Heat Pump Water Heaters A water heater's energy efficiency is determined by the energy...

469

Resolving Water's Electrical Properties | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Resolving Water's Electrical Properties Resolving Water's Electrical Properties Team ends long-standing confusion about modeling water's electrons The team's work appears on the...

470

Breakout Group 3: Water Management  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

ideas: - Water imaging, (with that of other cell component substances) - diffusivity measurement (2) - Confirmed diagnostics to map water at full-size unit cell in-situ (water...

471

Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water Print Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water Print The unique chemical and physical properties of liquid water are thought to result from the highly directional hydrogen bonding (H-bonding) network structure and its associated dynamics. However, despite intense experimental and theoretical scrutiny, a complete description of this structure has been elusive. Recently, with the help of their novel liquid microjet apparatus, a University of California, Berkeley, group derived a new energy criterion for H-bonds based on experimental data. With this new criterion based on analysis of the temperature dependence of the x-ray absorption spectra of normal and supercooled liquid water, they concluded that the traditional structural model of water is valid.

472

Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water Print Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water Print The unique chemical and physical properties of liquid water are thought to result from the highly directional hydrogen bonding (H-bonding) network structure and its associated dynamics. However, despite intense experimental and theoretical scrutiny, a complete description of this structure has been elusive. Recently, with the help of their novel liquid microjet apparatus, a University of California, Berkeley, group derived a new energy criterion for H-bonds based on experimental data. With this new criterion based on analysis of the temperature dependence of the x-ray absorption spectra of normal and supercooled liquid water, they concluded that the traditional structural model of water is valid.

473

Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water Print Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water Print The unique chemical and physical properties of liquid water are thought to result from the highly directional hydrogen bonding (H-bonding) network structure and its associated dynamics. However, despite intense experimental and theoretical scrutiny, a complete description of this structure has been elusive. Recently, with the help of their novel liquid microjet apparatus, a University of California, Berkeley, group derived a new energy criterion for H-bonds based on experimental data. With this new criterion based on analysis of the temperature dependence of the x-ray absorption spectra of normal and supercooled liquid water, they concluded that the traditional structural model of water is valid.

474

Structure of the BPA-Fructose Complex  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fructose complex of Boronophenylalanine (BPA) is commonly used for in vivo administration, due to its improved water solubility.1...Until now, however, the detailed molecular structure of the BPA-fructose com...

P. Bendel; C. Anderson; G. W. Kabalka

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Degradation of Structural Alloys Under Thermal Insulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wet thermal insulation may actively degrade steel and stainless steel structures by general corrosion or stress-corrosion cracking. Two different mechanisms of water ingress into insulation are discussed; flooding from external sources...

McIntyre, D. R.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Geothermal Water Use: Life Cycle Water Consumption, Water Resource Assessment, and Water Policy Framework  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report examines life cycle water consumption for various geothermal technologies to better understand factors that affect water consumption across the life cycle (e.g., power plant cooling, belowground fluid losses) and to assess the potential water challenges that future geothermal power generation projects may face. Previous reports in this series quantified the life cycle freshwater requirements of geothermal power-generating systems, explored operational and environmental concerns related to the geochemical composition of geothermal fluids, and assessed future water demand by geothermal power plants according to growth projections for the industry. This report seeks to extend those analyses by including EGS flash, both as part of the life cycle analysis and water resource assessment. A regional water resource assessment based upon the life cycle results is also presented. Finally, the legal framework of water with respect to geothermal resources in the states with active geothermal development is also analyzed.

Schroeder, Jenna N.

2014-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

477

Water Heating | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Water Heating Water Heating Water Heating Infographic: Water Heaters 101 Everything you need to know about saving money on water heating costs Read more Selecting a New Water Heater Tankless? Storage? Solar? Save money on your water heating bill by choosing the right type of energy-efficient water heater for your needs. Read more Sizing a New Water Heater When buying a new water heater, bigger is not always better. Learn how to buy the right size of water heater. Read more You can reduce your monthly water heating bills by selecting the appropriate water heater for your home or pool and by using some energy-efficient water heating strategies. Some simple do-it-yourself projects, like insulating hot water pipes and lowering your water heating temperature, can also help you save money and energy on your water heating.

478

The Relationship between Water and Energy: Optimizing Water and Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

understanding that the highest value opportunities for water conservation usually exist where there is the strongest interaction of water and energy. Steam management systems, process cooling, high quality water production and waste water treatment represent...

Finley, T.; Fennessey, K.; Light, R.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Continuous Commissioning of a Central Chilled Water & Hot Water System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A central chilled water / hot water system provides cooling / heating energy from central utility plants to multiple customers (buildings) through campus distribution loops. To effectively transport the chilled water and hot water to the buildings...

Deng, S.; Turner, W. D.; Batten, T.; Liu, M.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

The Stephen and NancyGrand Water Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Community Structure 14:05-14:25 Mordechai Shecter, Haifa University, Economic Analysis of Climate, On the Feasibility of Desalinating Water for Irrigation: Agricultural and Technological Perspectives 16:40-17:00 Oded

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "water intake structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

The Stephen and Nancy GrandThe Stephen and Nancy GrandThe Stephen and Nancy GrandThe Stephen and Nancy Grand Water ResearchWater ResearchWater ResearchWater Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conditions and in Microbial Community Structure 14:05-14:25 Mordechai Shecter, Haifa University, Economic of Desalinating Water for Irrigation: Agricultural and Technological Perspectives 16:40-17:00 Oded Achileah, Haifa

482

Theoretical investigation of solar energy conversion and water oxidation catalysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solar energy conversion and water oxidation catalysis are two great scientific and engineering challenges that will play pivotal roles in a future sustainable energy economy. In this work, I apply electronic structure ...

Wang, Lee-Ping

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

PROCESSING TIP . . . WATER CONSERVATION MAKES SENSE,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with an understanding of the concepts of Water Loss, Water Waste, Efficient Water Use, Intended Water Use and how each Water Use Total Water Use Intended Water Use Water Loss Efficient Water Use Water Waste Adapted from Use) can be further sub-divided into two categories: · Efficient Water Use, and · Water Waste. All

Navara, Kristen

484

Water Power Forum | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Water Power Forum Water Power Forum Home > Water Power Forum > Posts by term > Water Power Forum Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Term: Cost Type Term Title Author Replies Last Post sort icon Document Cost MHK LCOE Reporting Guidance Draft Ocop 1 18 Apr 2013 - 13:56 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content Hi Vanessa-I connected wit... 2013 projects and funding Comments on MHK Cost Reduction Pathway White Papers MHK LCOE Reporting Guidance Draft MHK Cost Breakdown Structure Draft more Group members (10) Managers: Graham7781 Recent members: Vanessa.gregory Alison.labonte Gdavis Jim mcveigh Ocop Thomas.heibel NickL Kch Rmckeel 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142286501

485

Water Power Forum | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Water Power Forum Water Power Forum Home > Water Power Forum > Posts by term > Water Power Forum Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Term: Current Type Term Title Author Replies Last Post sort icon Document Current MHK LCOE Reporting Guidance Draft Ocop 1 18 Apr 2013 - 13:56 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content Hi Vanessa-I connected wit... 2013 projects and funding Comments on MHK Cost Reduction Pathway White Papers MHK LCOE Reporting Guidance Draft MHK Cost Breakdown Structure Draft more Group members (10) Managers: Graham7781 Recent members: Vanessa.gregory Alison.labonte Gdavis Jim mcveigh Ocop Thomas.heibel NickL Kch Rmckeel 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142235402

486

WATER RESOURCES PLANNING ACT Q:\\COMP\\WATER1\\WRPA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

103 WATER RESOURCES PLANNING ACT Q:\\COMP\\WATER1\\WRPA December 29, 2000 #12;Q:\\COMP\\WATER1\\WRPA December 29, 2000 #12;105 WATER RESOURCES PLANNING ACT [As Amended Through P.L. 106­580, Dec. 29, 2000 planning of water and related land resources, through the establishment of a water resources council

US Army Corps of Engineers

487

Water and terrorism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The importance of freshwater and water infrastructure to human and ecosystem health and to the smooth functioning of a commercial and industrial economy makes water and water systems targets for terrorism. The chance that terrorists will strike at water systems is real; indeed, there is a long history of such attacks. Water infrastructure can be targeted directly or water can be contaminated through the introduction of poison or diseasecausing agents. The damage is done by hurting people, rendering water unusable, or destroying purification and supply infrastructure. More uncertain, however, is how significant such threats are today, compared with other targets that may be subject to terrorist attack, or how effective such attacks would actually be. Analysis and historical evidence suggest that massive casualties from attacking water systems are difficult to produce, although there may be some significant exceptions. At the same time, the risk of societal disruptions, disarray, and even overreaction on the part of governments and the public from any attack, may be high. This paper reviews the history of past attacks on water systems and the most pressing vulnerabilities and risks facing modern water systems. Suggestions of ways to reduce those risks are also presented.

Peter H. Gleick

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Social Perceptions of Drinking Water Quality in South Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

quality in the Lower Rio Grande Valley were examined, notably trying to assess the gap in social perceptions between key water managers and the colonia residents. A semi-structured interview methodology was used upon the key water managers in order...

Garcia, Victor

2011-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

489

NREL: Sustainable NREL - Water Efficiency  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Water Efficiency A photo of water spilling out of a downspout from the roof of a multi-story office building. NREL conserves water in a number of innovative ways. A photo of water...

490

Surface Water Management Areas (Virginia)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This legislation establishes surface water management areas, geographically defined surface water areas in which the State Water Control Board has deemed the levels or supply of surface water to be...

491

The water footprint of humanity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and the Middle East, Mexico, Europe, Japan, and South...domestic water supply sector. Water use in energy production is included in the...compared to the water volumes consumed in households from domestic water supply (7). Most...

Arjen Y. Hoekstra; Mesfin M. Mekonnen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Selecting a new water heater  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This fact sheet describes the types of water heaters available (storage water heaters, demand water heaters, heat pump water heaters, tankless coil and indirect water heaters, and solar water heaters). The criteria for selection are discussed. These are capacity, efficiency rating, and cost. A resource list is provided for further information.

NONE

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Solar Water Heating  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

publication provides basic informa- publication provides basic informa- tion on the components and types of solar water heaters currently available and the economic and environmental benefits of owning a system. Although the publica- tion does not provide information on building and installing your own system, it should help you discuss solar water heating systems intelligently with a solar equipment dealer. Solar water heaters, sometimes called

494

Water Energy Tech Team  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The purpose of the DOE Water-Energy Tech Team (WETT) is to identify and pursue cross-cutting technology, data, modeling, analysis, and policy priorities for the Department relevant to the water-energy nexus. The WETT also facilitates coordination of activities within the department and outreach with other stakeholders. The water-energy nexus is integral to two DOE policy priorities: climate change and energy security.

495

Cooperating for Cleaner Water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to date. TCEQ contracted with James Miertschin & Associates to develop the Leon River TMDL. The company is using a water quality model to mimic the hydrologic conditions on the impaired segment of the river. The Leon River Bacteria TMDL Advisory Group... in the state. In 2002, the TCEQ determined that the water quality for 44 miles of the Leon River between Proctor Lake and Lake Belton contained elevated bacteria concen- trations that impair the water for contact recreation such as wading and swimming...

Wythe, Kathy

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Effects of ammoniation of wheat straw and supplementation with soybean meal or broiler litter on feed intake and digestion in yearling Spanish goat wethers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Eight yearling Spanish wethers (29.6±1.10 kg initial BW) were used in an experiment with a 2×4 factorial arrangement of treatments and two simultaneous 4×4 Latin squares to determine effects on feed intake and digestion of supplementing wheat straw treated (ammoniated) with urea (T) or untreated (U) with soybean meal or broiler litter. Supplements were C (ground corn-based and fed at 0.64% BW, DM), S (C plus 0.25% BW of soybean meal) and LL and HL (C plus 0.5 or 1.0% BW of broiler litter). The N concentration was 0.4 and 2.3% and in vitro digestibility was 48 and 63% in U and T, respectively. There were no significant interactions between straw type and supplement treatment except for NDF digestion and digestible NDF intake. Ruminal fluid ammonia N concentration was greater for T than for U (P<0.05) but was not influenced by supplement treatment (4.1, 7.9, 5.1, 3.8, 11.7, 12.4, 10.8 and 15.6 mg/dl; S.E.=1.53); plasma urea N concentration was greater for T vs. U (P<0.05) and lowest among treatments (P<0.05) for C (7.8, 17.1, 16.5, 18.9, 21.5, 25.1, 28.6 and 26.6 mg/dl for U-C, U-S, U-LL, U-HL, T-C, T-S, T-LL and T-HL, respectively; S.E.=1.71). Straw DM intake was not influenced by supplement treatment and tended to be greater (P<0.13) for U vs. T (212, 261, 274, 277, 406, 404, 432 and 423 g per day for U-C, U-S, U-LL, U-HL, T-C, T-S, T-LL and T-HL, respectively; S.E.=24.6). Total OM intake ranked (P<0.05) Cintake was lowest among treatments (P<0.05) for C, similar between S and LL and greater for HL than for S (P<0.05) and LL (P<0.13; 249, 331, 342, 386, 380, 423, 450 and 495 g per day for U-C, U-S, U-LL, U-HL, T-C, T-S, T-LL and T-HL, respectively). In summary, apparently with considerable N recycling by yearling Spanish goat wethers, improvements in digestible OM intake by supplementation were achieved through the additional consumption of digestible OM in soybean meal and broiler litter, without substitution for wheat straw intake. Effects of ammoniation and N supplementation on digestible OM intake were additive, with greater magnitude of change via ammoniation than addition of soybean meal or broiler litter to a moderate level of a grain-based supplement.

G Abebe; R.C Merkel; G Animut; T Sahlu; A.L Goetsch

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Arkansas Water Resources Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Involved in the Selection of Alternatives.. 7 Gasification/liquefaction with Subsequent Transportation. 7 of the Slurry Waste- water as a Function of Residence T

Soerens, Thomas

498

Water purification and monitoring.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The purification of water for the next century is paramount. As global demand for energy increases new ways of generating energy have been discovered and… (more)

Maguire Boyle, Samuel James

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

September 2004 Water Sampling  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Report Attachment 2-Data Presentation Groundwater Quality Data Surface Water Quality Data Natural Gas Analysis Data Equipment Blank Data Time-Concentration Graphs Attachment...

500

Pliny's Water-Mill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... sense of the words correctly: "In the greater part of Italy is used a roughened pestle, with wheels which the water turns in passing, and so it grinds”. ...

HUGH P. VOWLES

1931-06-13T23:59:59.000Z