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Sample records for water content iwc

  1. Evaluation of Ice Water Content Retrievals from Cloud Radar Reflectivity and Temperature Using a Large Airborne In Situ Microphysical Database

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Protat, Alain

    Evaluation of Ice Water Content Retrievals from Cloud Radar Reflectivity and Temperature Using the performances of the proposed ice water content (IWC)­radar reflectivity Z and IWC­Z­temperature T relationships produce a very different ice water path, spanning an order of magnitude (Stephens et al. 2002). Clouds

  2. Relationship between ice water content and equivalent radar reflectivity for clouds consisting of nonspherical ice particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baum, Bryan A.

    Relationship between ice water content and equivalent radar reflectivity for clouds consisting investigates the relationship between ice water content (IWC) and equivalent radar reflectivity (Ze) at 94 GHz. Baum, and A. J. Heymsfield (2008), Relationship between ice water content and equivalent radar

  3. Statistical distributions of water content and sizes for clouds above Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Statistical distributions of water content and sizes for clouds above Europe R. P. H. Berton O and water content (IWC), horizontal and vertical sizes (L and H), and top temperatures (T) of clouds above and water contents) controlling radiation transfer in the cloud, and geo- metrical sizes used

  4. On the correlation between ice water content and ice crystal size and its application to radiative transfer and general circulation models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liou, K. N.

    On the correlation between ice water content and ice crystal size and its application to radiative analysis involving ice water content (IWC) and mean effective ice crystal size (De) intended, K. N., Y. Gu, Q. Yue, and G. McFarguhar (2008), On the correlation between ice water content and ice

  5. 7, 40654083, 2007 Liquid water content

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ACPD 7, 4065­4083, 2007 Liquid water content and effective number density Y. Hu et al. Title Page Chemistry and Physics Discussions Global statistics of liquid water content and effective number density: Y. Hu (yongxiang.hu-1@nasa.gov) 4065 #12;ACPD 7, 4065­4083, 2007 Liquid water content and effective

  6. Vegetation water content mapping using Landsat data derived normalized difference water index for corn and soybeans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt Jr., E. Raymond

    Vegetation water content mapping using Landsat data derived normalized difference water index Information about vegetation water content (VWC) has widespread utility in agriculture, forestry. D 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Keywords: Vegetation water content; Landsat; NDWI 1

  7. PHOSPHORUS CONTENT OF WATERS ALONG THE WEST COAST OF FLORIDA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PHOSPHORUS CONTENT OF WATERS ALONG THE WEST COAST OF FLORIDA Marine Biological Laboratory WOODS PHOSPHORUS CONTENT OF WATERS ALONG THF WEST COAST OF FLORIDA Herbert Wo Graham, Fishery Biologist, John Mo of T richodesmium floating on the surface over water of very low phosphorus content. #12;CONTENTS Page Methods

  8. VARIATIONS IN THE DISSOLVED OXYGEN CONTENT OF INTRAGRAVEL WATER IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ^402: VARIATIONS IN THE DISSOLVED OXYGEN CONTENT OF INTRAGRAVEL WATER IN FOUR SPAWNING STREAMS IN THE DISSOLVED OXYGEN CONTENT OF INTRAGRAVEL WATER IN FOUR SPAWNING STREAMS OF SOUTHEASTERN ALASKA by William J Introduction 1 Sampling intragravel water for dissolved oxygen content 2 Obtaining water samples from

  9. Aircraft Measurements of Cloud Liquid Water Content using the Forward

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delene, David J.

    Aircraft Measurements of Cloud Liquid Water Content using the Forward Scattering Spectrometer Probe Water Content? Basic Cloud Parameter (MPACE) Icing Studies (WISP04, Sikorsky) Comparison with Remote Sensing Measurements (THORpex, IOP1) #12;Liquid Water Content Calculation The amount of liquid water

  10. Original article Estimation of leaf water content and specific leaf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Original article Estimation of leaf water content and specific leaf weight from reflectance and transmittance spectra measured over the 1 300-2 400-nm domain and the corresponding water content (g.cm-2) for pure water. We then investigated the possibility of estimating leaf water content and specific weight

  11. Fragmentation of colliding planetesimals with water content

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maindl, Thomas I; Schäfer, Christoph; Speith, Roland

    2014-01-01

    We investigate the outcome of collisions of Ceres-sized planetesimals composed of a rocky core and a shell of water ice. These collisions are not only relevant for explaining the formation of planetary embryos in early planetary systems, but also provide insight into the formation of asteroid families and possible water transport via colliding small bodies. Earlier studies show characteristic collision velocities exceeding the bodies' mutual escape velocity which - along with the distribution of the impact angles - cover the collision outcome regimes 'partial accretion', 'erosion', and 'hit-and-run' leading to different expected fragmentation scenarios. Existing collision simulations use bodies composed of strengthless material; we study the distribution of fragments and their water contents considering the full elasto-plastic continuum mechanics equations also including brittle failure and fragmentation.

  12. DERIVING PROGNOSTIC EQUATIONS FOR CLOUD FRACTION AND LIQUID WATER CONTENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DERIVING PROGNOSTIC EQUATIONS FOR CLOUD FRACTION AND LIQUID WATER CONTENT Vincent E. Larson1 1 that accounts for how liquid water varies with both total water content and temperature. The variable s has- ter content, ql , and cloud fraction, C. This provides in- formation about partial cloudiness. Tiedtke

  13. NEAR SURFACE WATER CONTENT ESTIMATION USING GPR DATA: INVESTIGATIONS WITHIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubin, Yoram

    NEAR SURFACE WATER CONTENT ESTIMATION USING GPR DATA: INVESTIGATIONS WITHIN CALIFORNIA VINEYARDS S (sshubbard@lbl.gov) Detailed estimates of water content are necessary for variety of hydrogeological inves to obtain sufficient information about the spatial variation of water content within the root zone using

  14. Dependence of seismoelectric amplitudes on water content Matthias Strahser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Dependence of seismoelectric amplitudes on water content Matthias Strahser Institut de Physique of seismoelectric amplitudes on water content Matthias Strahser, Institut f¨ur Geowissenschaften, Abteilung of electrical properties to water content and permeability and the high spatial resolution of seismic surveys

  15. Characterization of soil water content variability and soil texture using GPR groundwave techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grote, K.

    2010-01-01

    wave method for soil water content measurement: Hydrologicalfor estimating soil water content during irrigation andvariations of the soil water content in an agro-ecosystem

  16. The use of a permanent magnet for water content measurements of wood chips

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2001-01-01

    of a Permanent Magnet for Water Content Measurements of Wooda device that measures the water content of wood chips, pulpsystem. The results of water content measurements in wood

  17. Errors in determination of soil water content using time-domain reflectometry caused by soil compaction around wave guides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghezzehei, T.A.

    2008-01-01

    as well as the water content and water retention propertiesvariations in soil-water content, Water Resources Research,eld soil. Subsequent to water content water measurement, the

  18. Original article Irrigation, faecal water content and development rate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Original article Irrigation, faecal water content and development rate of free-living stages- ent faecal water contents (FWC) simulating a submersion (7 or 16 h) or an alternance of spraying, T vitrinus in summer, but higher rates were observed in autumn. The action of water had more effect

  19. Water transfer in soil at low water content. Is the local equilibrium assumption still appropriate?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Water transfer in soil at low water content. Is the local equilibrium assumption still appropriate Montpellier, France Abstract The dynamics of water content in the superficial layers of soils is critical a retardation time and a decrease in phase change rate as the water content gets lower. Therefore, the objective

  20. Stomach contents of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in Scottish waters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Graham

    Stomach contents of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in Scottish waters M.B. Santos*P , G, Stratherrick Road, Inverness, IV24JZ. P E-mail: m.b.santos@abdn.ac.uk Data on stomach contents of ten information exists on the feeding habits of the species in Scottish waters. Cod (Gadus morhua), saithe

  1. Soil-Water Characteristic Curve Modeling at Low Water Content: Empirical and Semi-Empirical Approaches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Soil-Water Characteristic Curve Modeling at Low Water Content: Empirical and Semi model, the Modified Kovacs (MK) model for the determination of soil-water characteristic curve at the low water contents of two horizons of a soil from Burkina Faso. Combining terms from capillary state

  2. NOTE / NOTE New observations on urine contents in water-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vatnick, Itzick

    NOTE / NOTE New observations on urine contents in water- deprived Negev Desert rodents Carmi Korine of the murid subfamilies Gerbillinae and Cricetomyinae from the Namib Desert, when deprived of water, excreted much water. This phenomenon has not been reported in other rodents, and whether it is a trait

  3. A Review Of Water Contents Of Nominally Anhydrous Natural Minerals...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    A Review Of Water Contents Of Nominally Anhydrous Natural Minerals In The Mantles Of Earth, Mars And The Moon Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library...

  4. Interferometric tomography of fuel cells for monitoring membrane water content

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waller, Laura

    We have developed a system that uses two 1D interferometric phase projections for reconstruction of 2D water content changes over time in situ in a proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell system. By modifying the filtered ...

  5. De-coupling seasonal changes in water content and dry matter to predict live conifer foliar moisture content

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De-coupling seasonal changes in water content and dry matter to predict live conifer foliar growing seasons and quantified their LFMC, relative water content (RWC) and dry matter chemistry. LFMC a stronger control on seasonal LFMC dynamics than actual changes in water content, and they challenge

  6. Use of in situ volumetric water content at field capacity to improve prediction of soil water retention properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Use of in situ volumetric water content at field capacity to improve prediction of soil water water content at field capacity to improve prediction of soil water retention properties. Most database. Results showed that use of in situ volumetric water content at field capacity as a predictor led

  7. REMOTE SENS. ENVIRON. 30:43-54 (1989) Detection of Changes in Leaf Water Content

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt Jr., E. Raymond

    1989-01-01

    REMOTE SENS. ENVIRON. 30:43-54 (1989) Detection of Changes in Leaf Water Content Using Near the ability of the Leaf Water Content Index (LWCI) to determine leaf Relative Water content (RWC) of different with little adjustment (Jackson, 1982; Hunt et al., 1987). One such method is the Leaf Water Content Index

  8. Near Surface Water Content Estimation using GPR Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubin, Yoram

    waves can be used to estimate soil water content · Short pulses of High frequency EM energy · Variations) Improved irrigation management; 3) Improved understanding of ecosystem responses and terroir; 4) May assist, evapotranspiration, and groundwater storage From Or and Rubin, 1990 ** Accurate Spatial and Temporal Variations

  9. Effects of Water Content and Molecular Weight on Spin Probe and Water Mobility in Malto-oligomer Glasses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hemminga, Marcus A.

    Effects of Water Content and Molecular Weight on Spin Probe and Water Mobility in Malto content from 10 to 30 wt % leads to a decrease in spin probe mobility at Tg while the water mobility increasing water content. From proton density measurements we conclude that the concomitant increase

  10. Soil water depletion by oak trees and the influence of root water uptake on the moisture content spatial statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katul, Gabriel

    Soil water depletion by oak trees and the influence of root water uptake on the moisture content was used to assess the role of root water uptake on the spatial variability of moisture content the spa- tial variability in moisture content due to root water uptake from variability in soil hydraulic

  11. Exploration of tektite formation processes through water and metal content measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Cin-Ty Aeolus

    Exploration of tektite formation processes through water and metal content measurements Nigel WATT1 continental crust, although water contents are still extremely high for rocks melted at atmospheric pressure H2O and Zn or Pb contents. Combined with water contents of other tektites in the Australasian strewn

  12. NOTES ON THE DISSOLVED CONTENT OF WATER IN ITS EFFECT UPON FISHES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .. NOTES ON THE DISSOLVED CONTENT OF WATER IN ITS EFFECT UPON FISHES· JJ. By M. C. Marsh United at Washington. U. S. A.· September 22 to 26. 1908 #12;CONTENTS. Page. Natural impurities in water u n u _ _ u gas content- u u u u u 898 Dissolved air content of water from a driven weILuuu u______________ 898

  13. Water Calibration Measurements for Neutron Radiography: Application to Water Content Quantification in Porous Media

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kang, Misun [ORNL; Bilheux, Hassina Z [ORNL; Voisin, Sophie [ORNL; Cheng, Chu-lin [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Perfect, Edmund [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Horita, Juske [Texas Tech University (TTU); Warren, Jeffrey [ORNL

    2013-04-01

    Using neutron radiography, the measurement of water thickness was performed using aluminum (Al) water calibration cells at the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) Cold-Guide (CG) 1D neutron imaging facility at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA. Calibration of water thickness is an important step to accurately measure water contents in samples of interest. Neutron attenuation by water does not vary linearly with thickness mainly due to beam hardening and scattering effects. Transmission measurements for known water thicknesses in water calibration cells allow proper correction of the underestimation of water content due to these effects. As anticipated, strong scattering effects were observed for water thicknesses greater than 2 mm when the water calibration cells were positioned close to the face of the detector / scintillator (0 and 2.4 cm away, respectively). The water calibration cells were also positioned 24 cm away from the detector face. These measurements resulted in less scattering and this position (designated as the sample position) was used for the subsequent experimental determination of the neutron attenuation coefficient for water. Neutron radiographic images of moist Flint sand in rectangular and cylindrical containers acquired at the sample position were used to demonstrate the applicability of the water calibration. Cumulative changes in the water volumes within the sand columns during monotonic drainage determined by neutron radiography were compared with those recorded by direct reading from a burette connected to a hanging water column. In general, the neutron radiography data showed very good agreement with those obtained volumetrically using the hanging water-column method. These results allow extension of the calibration equation to the quantification of unknown water contents within other samples of porous media.

  14. Assessment of shock effects on amphibole water contents and hydrogen isotope compositions: 2. Kaersutitic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stewart, Sarah T.

    Assessment of shock effects on amphibole water contents and hydrogen isotope compositions: 2 in kaersutite water contents (H2O=0.25­0.89 wt. %), decreases in Fe3+ /Fe (4­20%), and enrichments in hydrogen atmosphere led to increased water contents and reduced Fe. Fe reduction and water addition via the reaction

  15. PARAMETRIC STUDY ON THE WATER CONTENT PROFILES AND OXIDATION RATES IN NEARLY SATURATED TAILINGS ABOVE THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aubertin, Michel

    PARAMETRIC STUDY ON THE WATER CONTENT PROFILES AND OXIDATION RATES IN NEARLY SATURATED TAILINGS of various factors on the water content profiles in reactive tailings. The results presented here show that the position of the water table has a large influence on the water content profiles and on the oxygen flux

  16. 1 INTRODUCTION The volumetric water content, V, is a key variable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zornberg, Jorge G.

    1 INTRODUCTION The volumetric water content, V, is a key variable in unsaturated soil mechanics of the dielectric permittivity of the soil, Ka, which is in turn related to the volumetric water content through

  17. Effect of higher water vapor content on TBC performance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pint, Bruce A; Haynes, James A

    2012-01-01

    Coal gasification, or IGCC (integrated gasification combined cycle), is one pathway toward cleaner use of coal for power generation with lower emissions. However, when coal-derived synthesis gas (i.e., syngas) is burned in turbines designed for natural gas, turbine manufacturers recommend 'derating,' or lowering the maximum temperature, which lowers the efficiency of the turbine, making electricity from IGCC more expensive. One possible reason for the derating is the higher water vapor contents in the exhaust gas. Water vapor has a detrimental effect on many oxidation-resistant high-temperature materials. In a turbine hot section, Ni-base superalloys are coated with a thermal barrier coating (TBC) allowing the gas temperature to be higher than the superalloy solidus temperature. TBCs have a low thermal conductivity ceramic top coating (typically Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}-stabilized ZrO{sub 2}, or YSZ) and an oxidation-resistant metallic bond coating. For land-based gas turbines, the industry standard is air plasma sprayed (APS) YSZ and high velocity oxygen fuel (HVOF) sprayed NiCoCrAlY bond coatings. To investigate the role of higher water vapor content on TBC performance and possible mitigation strategies, furnace cycling experiments were conducted in dry O{sub 2} and air with 10% (typical with natural gas or jet fuel) or 50 vol% water vapor. Cycle frequency and temperature were accelerated to one hour at 1100 C (with 10 minute cooling to {approx}30 C between each thermal cycle) to induce early failures in coatings that are expected to operate for several years with a metal temperature of {approx}900 C. Coupons (16 mm diameter x 2 mm thick) of commercial second-generation single crystal superalloy CMSX4 were HVOF coated on both sides with {approx}125 {micro}m of Ni-22wt%Co-17Cr-12Al either with 0.7Y or 0.7Y-0.3Hf-0.4Si. One side was then coated with 190-240 {micro}m of APS YSZ. Coatings were cycled until the YSZ top coating spalled. Figure 2 shows the results of the initial phase of experiments. Compared to dry O{sub 2}, the addition of 10% water vapor decreased the lifetime of MCrAlY by {approx}30% for the conventional CMSX4 substrates. Higher average lifetimes were observed with Hf in the bond coating, but a similar decrease in lifetime was observed when water vapor was added. The addition of Y and La to the superalloy substrate did not change the YSZ lifetime with 10% water vapor. However, increasing water vapor content from 10 to 50% did not further decrease the lifetime of either bond coating with the doped superalloy substrate. Thus, these results suggest that higher water vapor contents cannot explain the derating of syngas-fired turbines, and other factors such as sulfur and ash from imperfect syngas cleanup (or upset conditions) need to be explored. Researchers continue to study effects of water vapor on thermally grown alumina scale adhesion and growth rate, and are looking for bond coating compositions more resistant to oxidation in the presence of water vapor.

  18. Profiling the atmospheric water vapor content using a GPS-Meteorology network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mountziaris, T. J.

    Profiling the atmospheric water vapor content using a GPS-Meteorology network Jayson Maldonado-Meteorological stations. Research Objectives · Develop the hardware necessary for the collection atmospheric water content gives the real Water Vapor Content (WVC) in 3D instead of the Zenith Delay. Future Work · Testing

  19. REMEDIATION OF HIGH WATER CONTENT GEOMATERIALS: A REVIEW OF GEOTEXTILE FILTER PERFORMANCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aydilek, Ahmet

    REMEDIATION OF HIGH WATER CONTENT GEOMATERIALS: A REVIEW OF GEOTEXTILE FILTER PERFORMANCE Ahmet H-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, USA ABSTRACT Remediation of contaminated high water content geomaterials for selection of geotextile filters; however, they are not directly applicable to high water content

  20. Stratocumulus Liquid Water Content from Dual-Wavelength Radar ROBIN J. HOGAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reading, University of

    Stratocumulus Liquid Water Content from Dual-Wavelength Radar ROBIN J. HOGAN , NICOLAS GAUSSIAT ABSTRACT A technique is described to retrieve stratocumulus liquid water content (LWC) using the integrated water content of the column, which is then partitioned with height according to the radar

  1. ORIGINAL PAPER Effects of elevated CO2 and soil water content on phytohormone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeLucia, Evan H.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Effects of elevated CO2 and soil water content on phytohormone transcript induction CO2. A mild reduction in soil water content had no effect on leaf sugars but stimulated the induction and reduced soil water content suppressed the expression of transcripts related to JA and ET gene tran

  2. Characterization of Soil Water Content Variability and Soil Texture using GPR Groundwave Techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hubbard, Susan

    Characterization of Soil Water Content Variability and Soil Texture using GPR Groundwave Techniques@ce.berkeley.edu ABSTRACT Accurate characterization of near-surface soil water content is vital for guiding agricultural. Characterizing the near-surface soil water content can be difficult, as this parameter is often both spatially

  3. TRMM observations of the global relationship between ice water content and lightning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutledge, Steven

    TRMM observations of the global relationship between ice water content and lightning Walter A to retrieve ice water content. Citation: Petersen, W. A., H. J. Christian, and S. A. Rutledge (2005), TRMM observations of the global relationship between ice water content and lightning, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L

  4. Field-scale estimation of volumetric water content using ground-penetrating radar ground wave techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hubbard, Susan

    Field-scale estimation of volumetric water content using ground- penetrating radar ground wave] Ground-penetrating radar (GPR) ground wave techniques were applied to estimate soil water content travel time measurements using 900 and 450 MHz antennas and analyzed these data to estimate water content

  5. Simulating the water content and temperature changes in an experimental embankment using meteorological data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Simulating the water content and temperature changes in an experimental embankment using on the soil response such as changes in water content and temperature as well as the induced vertical from the base of embankment. In this study, the changes in temperature, volumetric water content

  6. ORIGINAL PAPER Effects of elevated CO2 and soil water content on phytohormone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeLucia, Evan H.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Effects of elevated CO2 and soil water content on phytohormone transcript induction the abundance of SA compared with plants grown in ambient CO2. A mild reduction in soil water content had herbivory. When applied in combination, elevated CO2 and reduced soil water content suppressed

  7. The influence of changes in water content on the electrical resistivity of a natural unsaturated loess

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 The influence of changes in water content on the electrical resistivity of a natural unsaturated relationship between the water content and the electrical resistivity of soils. In this work, a new electrical resistivity probe was developed to monitor the change in local water content in the triaxial apparatus

  8. submitted to Geophys. J. Int. Streaming potential dependence on water-content in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    submitted to Geophys. J. Int. Streaming potential dependence on water-content in Fontainebleau sand saturation, un- saturated flow, water content SUMMARY The electrokinetic potential results from the coupling of the electrokinetic coefficient as a function of water content. Two drainage experiments have been performed within

  9. Variation in faecal water content may confound estimates of gastro-intestinal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Getz, Wayne M.

    Variation in faecal water content may confound estimates of gastro-intestinal parasite intensity-related variability in faecal water content for two wild ungulate species, springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis) and plains zebra (Equus quagga). We then assessed whether or not faecal water content biased conclusions

  10. Effects of Soil pH and Soil Water Content on Prosulfuron Dissipation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sims, Gerald K.

    Effects of Soil pH and Soil Water Content on Prosulfuron Dissipation RYAN P. HULTGREN,*, ROBERT J% dissipation of the herbicide (DT50) was determined for each soil and water content treatment. At equivalent water contents, prosulfuron DT50 values were positively correlated with soil pH (P

  11. The effect of water content on solute transport in unsaturated porous media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The effect of water content on solute transport in unsaturated porous media Ingrid Y. Padilla, T, Tucson Abstract. The effect of water content on NaCl transport in unsaturated porous media was investigated under steady state flow conditions for water contents ranging between full saturation and 15

  12. Dry matter content in silage maize; assessment of the role of growth and water loss

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Agronomie Dry matter content in silage maize; assessment of the role of growth and water loss JF variations in total dry matter content (MSt) as a function of growth in dry weight and loss of water by plant, as ripening proceeds. Beyond 25% dry matter content the major part of MSt increase was due to loss of water

  13. Normalized Microwave Reflection Index: Validation of Vegetation Water Content Estimates from Montana Grasslands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larson, Kristine

    1 Normalized Microwave Reflection Index: Validation of Vegetation Water Content Estimates from NMRI as a metric for estimating vegetation water content (VWC) and evaluate the normalization procedure Reflection Index (NMRI). It is a measure of vegetation water content (VWC) estimated from data archived

  14. Influence of composition and thermal history of volcanic glasses on water content as determined by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Influence of composition and thermal history of volcanic glasses on water content as determined for quantification of water content in natural glasses requires the assessment of the dependence of the technique content (H2OT) and of water speciation (H2Om/OH) requires the development of micro-analytical techniques

  15. Variation in faecal water content may confound estimates of gastro-intestinal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Getz, Wayne M.

    Variation in faecal water content may confound estimates of gastro-intestinal parasite intensity. Here we evaluated the seasonal, age- and sex-related variability in faecal water content for two wild whether or not faecal water content biased conclusions regarding differences in strongyle infection rates

  16. High-Resolution Estimation of Near-Subsurface Water Content using Surface GPR Ground Wave Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubin, Yoram

    1 High-Resolution Estimation of Near-Subsurface Water Content using Surface GPR Ground Wave, UC Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 1. Introduction Information about near surface soil water content the applicability of a surface geophysical method, ground penetrating radar (GPR), for use as a water content

  17. Quantification of water content and speciation in natural silicic glasses (phonolite, dacite, rhyolite) by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quantification of water content and speciation in natural silicic glasses (phonolite, dacite Sciences de la Terre d'Orléans, CNRS-UO, Orléans, France Abstract The determination of total water content dissolved water content and height or area of the H2OT Raman band. Accuracy of deconvolution procedure

  18. Field-scale estimation of volumetric water content using ground-penetrating radar ground wave techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hubbard, Susan

    Field-scale estimation of volumetric water content using ground- penetrating radar ground wave that the GPR estimates had a root mean square error of volumetric water content of the order of 0 agriculture Citation: Grote, K., S. Hubbard, and Y. Rubin, Field-scale estimation of volumetric water content

  19. TECHNICAL NOTES Long-Term Behavior of Water Content and Density

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Champaign, Ill. in 1987. A pond of water 0.31 m deep was maintained on top of the 7.3 m X 14.6 m X 0.9 mTECHNICAL NOTES Long-Term Behavior of Water Content and Density in an Earthen Liner Timothy E of a compacted earthen liner by monitoring the long-term changes in water content and density. The water content

  20. TABLE 1: TOTAL LEAD Content in Drinking Water Client: St. Francis Xavier University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TABLE 1: TOTAL LEAD Content in Drinking Water Client: St. Francis Xavier University Site Location;TABLE 1 (cont'd): TOTAL LEAD Content in Drinking Water Client: St. Francis Xavier University Site Laundry Room B3 - Sink 42 - 23 - NOTES: value - exceeds MAC 1 Guidelines for Canadian Drinking Water

  1. Polyaluminum chloride with high Al30 content as removal agent for arsenic-contaminated well water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehrli, Bernhard

    Polyaluminum chloride with high Al30 content as removal agent for arsenic-contaminated well water-established coagulant in water treatment with high removal efficiency for arsenic. A high content of Al30 nanoclusters¨ berlandstrasse 133, 8600 Du¨bendorf, Switzerland c Water Research Institute (IRSA), National Research Council

  2. Capillary geochemistry in non-saturated zone of soils. Water content and geochemical signatures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Capillary geochemistry in non-saturated zone of soils. Water content and geochemical signatures change. The volumetric capillary water content of the soil at high suction can be calculated corresponds to a decreasing internal pressure of the water, which modifies its thermodynamic properties

  3. Assessing spatial variability of soil water content through Thermal Inertia and NDVI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poggi, Davide

    Assessing spatial variability of soil water content through Thermal Inertia and NDVI Pierluigi of the soil/canopy water content at the short time-scale. This is obtained by means of an indirect approach monitoring (McVicar and Jupp, 1998)3 or for the management of water resources in wide irrigation schemes

  4. Stable or unstable wetting fronts in water repellent soils effect of antecedent soil moisture content

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    contents during the experiment, which caused the soil to be wettable instead of water repellent. The waterStable or unstable wetting fronts in water repellent soils ± effect of antecedent soil moisture content Coen J. Ritsemaa,* , John L. Nieberb , Louis W. Dekkera , T.S. Steenhuisc a DLO Winand Staring

  5. CRIRES Science Verification Proposal Determining the atmospheric precipitable water vapour content

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liske, Jochen

    CRIRES Science Verification Proposal Determining the atmospheric precipitable water vapour content the precipitable water vapour (PWV) content over Paranal by determining the equivalent widths of 7 carefully. Scientific Case: Atmospheric precipitable water vapour (PWV) is one of the crucial parameters in infrared (IR

  6. Does Water Content or Flow Rate Control Colloid Transport in Unsaturated Porous Media?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thorsten Knappenberger; Markus Flury; Earl D. Mattson; James B. Harsh

    2014-03-01

    Mobile colloids can play an important role in contaminant transport in soils: many contaminants exist in colloidal form, and colloids can facilitate transport of otherwise immobile contaminants. In unsaturated soils, colloid transport is, among other factors, affected by water content and flow rate. Our objective was to determine whether water content or flow rate is more important for colloid transport. We passed negatively charged polystyrene colloids (220 nm diameter) through unsaturated sand-filled columns under steady-state flow at different water contents (effective water saturations Se ranging from 0.1 to 1.0, with Se = (? – ?r)/(?s – ?r)) and flow rates (pore water velocities v of 5 and 10 cm/min). Water content was the dominant factor in our experiments. Colloid transport decreased with decreasing water content, and below a critical water content (Se < 0.1), colloid transport was inhibited, and colloids were strained in water films. Pendular ring and water film thickness calculations indicated that colloids can move only when pendular rings are interconnected. The flow rate affected retention of colloids in the secondary energy minimum, with less colloids being trapped when the flow rate increased. These results confirm the importance of both water content and flow rate for colloid transport in unsaturated porous media and highlight the dominant role of water content.

  7. Water contents in mantle xenoliths from the Colorado Plateau and vicinity: Implications for the mantle rheology and hydration-induced

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Cin-Ty Aeolus

    Water contents in mantle xenoliths from the Colorado Plateau and vicinity: Implications infrared spectroscopy for water contents. Measured water contents range from 2 to 45 ppm for olivine, from the highest water contents (up to 45 ppm H2O in olivine, 402 ppm H2O in orthopyroxene, and 957 ppm H2O

  8. On-sample water content measurement for a complete local monitoring in triaxial testing of unsaturated soils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 On-sample water content measurement for a complete local monitoring in triaxial testing sample during triaxial testing, a local water content measurement device was adapted to a triaxial device transducer). Water content was locally monitored by means of a resistivity probe. The water content

  9. Influence of Water Content and Temperature on Molecular Mobility and Intracellular Glasses in Seeds and Pollen1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hemminga, Marcus A.

    Influence of Water Content and Temperature on Molecular Mobility and Intracellular Glasses in Seeds heating. This temperature increased with decreasing water content of the samples. Differential scanning water content, the molecular mobility reached a minimum, and increased again at very low water content

  10. Soil water content dependent wetting front characteristics in sands T.W.J. Bautersa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    Soil water content dependent wetting front characteristics in sands T.W.J. Bautersa , D.A. Di 94305, USA Received 2 April 1999; accepted 13 August 1999 Abstract The initial soil water content into a 20/30 sand with initial volumetric water contents of 0, 0.005, 0.01, 0.015, 0.02, 0.03, 0.04 and 0

  11. MEASURE-EENT OF WATER CONTENT I N POROUS MEDIA UNDER GEOTHERMAL FLUID FLOW CONDITIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    MEASURE-EENT OF WATER CONTENT I N POROUS MEDIA UNDER GEOTHERMAL FLUID FLOW CONDITIONS for t h e i n - s i t u measurement of water content i n porous media, expressed as a volume f r a c t i o n of t h e pore space; ( 2 ) t o measure water content i n t h e two-phase geothermal f l u i d flow

  12. ABET Criterion 3: Outcomes Met By Course Content Course #: 474 Title: Water and Landscape Engineering Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    ABET Criterion 3: Outcomes Met By Course Content Course #: 474 Title: Water and Landscape Proposed Action 1. Learn fundamental concepts of water storage and movement through soil, the basic processes affecting water movement, how to evaluate components of the soil-water budget, and techniques

  13. Agricultural Water Management 146 (2014) 7583 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nacional de San Luis, Universidad

    2014-01-01

    Agricultural Water Management 146 (2014) 75­83 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Agricultural Water Management journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/agwat Interactive effects of water January 2014 Accepted 13 July 2014 Available online 13 August 2014 Keywords: Water-table Maize Sowing date

  14. ORGANIC CONTENT OF LAKE WATER By EDWARD A. BIRGE and CHANCEY JUDAY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORGANIC CONTENT OF LAKE WATER .:I- By EDWARD A. BIRGE and CHANCEY JUDAY Wisconsin Geological and Natural HistolY Sun'ey .:I- CONTENTS Page Introductlon; ~ - - _________ 185 I.-Data__u u n _ 186 Dissolved carbon; 194 n.-Discussion o(the data-Contd. Total organic content u _ Total organic matter, including

  15. The water ow regime is characterized by the water ux vector q[m=s] and the water content [m3=m3] satisfying the conservation equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;The water ow regime is characterized by the water ux vector q[m=s] and the water content [m3 compared to the water ow, such that a quasi- stationary approach is feasible, describing the reaction. Due to the injection of water at @ " the normal mass ux is given as a convective ux

  16. Does Water Content or Flow Rate Control Colloid Transport in...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    was inhibited, and colloids were strained in water films. Pendular ring and water film thickness calculations indicated that colloids can move only when pendular rings are...

  17. Effect of water washing on oxalic acid content of various fodders and its determination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Effect of water washing on oxalic acid content of various fodders and its determination A Kumar CS that high oxalic acid content, producing oxalate toxicity and interfering with the calcium metabolism, reduces milk yield. If these fodders are washed with water, soluble oxalates are released up to a safe

  18. Comparison of the palatability of some compound feeds with different water content by tests on goats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Comparison of the palatability of some compound feeds with different water content by tests and 20% soya oilmeal. To constitute humid feed, dehydrated beet pulp was rehydrated by adding 875 g water matter than DM but that will have to be confirmed with larger scale humidity contents. The presence

  19. Infiltration Estimates from Borehole Water Content Data using the Markov Chain Monte Carlo Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Zhiming

    measurements of water content and chemical concentrations have been made. This theoretical development Neumann boundary segments N, n(x)=(n1,..., nd)T is an outward unit vector normal to the boundary, C[]= d/d is the specific moisture capacity, is the volumetric water content, and K[] is the unsaturated hydraulic

  20. Water content of 1997 vulcanian pumices at Soufriere Hills Volcano (Montserrat) and implications on pre-eruptive conduit conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Water content of 1997 vulcanian pumices at Soufriere Hills Volcano (Montserrat) and implications of the eruptive products. We used quantitative analysis of water content in residual glasses (matrix glass. To better link water content to structural level, we performed new water solubility experiments at low

  1. Modeling and High-Resolution-Imaging Studies of Water-Content Profiles in a Polymer-Electrolyte-Fuel-Cell Membrane-Electrode Assembly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weber, A.Z.

    2008-01-01

    the weighted sum of the water content in the membrane in theposition of the maximum water content and the water-contentgradient in the water content and capillary pressure,

  2. Correction of Lightning Effects on Water Content Reflectometer Soil Moisture Data John S. McCartney* and Jorge G. Zornberg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zornberg, Jorge G.

    Correction of Lightning Effects on Water Content Reflectometer Soil Moisture Data John S. Mc content measured using WCR (water content reflectometer) probes are susceptible to lightning. Several lightning strikes at the site caused unrealistic shifts in the inferred moisture content (from 0

  3. A BIOMECHANICAL PERSPECTIVE ON THE ROLE OF LARGE STEM VOLUME AND HIGH WATER CONTENT IN BAOBAB TREES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holbrook, N. Michele

    A BIOMECHANICAL PERSPECTIVE ON THE ROLE OF LARGE STEM VOLUME AND HIGH WATER CONTENT IN BAOBAB TREES storage capacity in the six Madagascar baobab species. Baobab wood has a high water content (up to 79 to that in temperate deciduous trees. Furthermore, the elastic modulus of the wood decreases with water content

  4. Non-invasive field measurements of soil water content using a pulsed 14 MeV neutron generator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Peter D.

    Non-invasive field measurements of soil water content using a pulsed 14 MeV neutron generator S-3120, United States 1. Introduction Knowledge of soil water content is critical to agricultural, hydrological-rays from H will be a function of the soils' water-content. To the best of our knowledge

  5. Dual-energy synchrotron X ray measurements of rapid soil density and water content changes in swelling soils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    Dual-energy synchrotron X ray measurements of rapid soil density and water content changes-energy synchrotron X ray to measure, for the first time, the water content and bulk density changes during the fast soils and materials is hampered by the difficulty of accurately mea- suring both the water content

  6. Flow at Low Water Contents: A Simple Approach for Inverse Estimation of van Genuchten-Mualem Soil Hydraulic Parameters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Flow at Low Water Contents: A Simple Approach for Inverse Estimation of van Genuchten-Mualem Soil and civil engineering. Because of the strong dependency of these properties on water content. For gravimetric water contents greater than 0.04, numeral results agreed well with experimental data, while some

  7. Does Variation in Soil Water Content Induce Variation in the Size of Hatchling Snapping Turtles (Chelydra serpentina)?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finkler, Michael S.

    Does Variation in Soil Water Content Induce Variation in the Size of Hatchling Snapping Turtles in substrate water content during incubation on the size of hatchling Snapping Turtles from southeastern, 11, and 13% gravimetric water content). Eggs in the driest soil (3%) had a slight net loss of mass

  8. Influence of the water content on X-ray fluorescence core-scanning measurements in soft marine sediments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tjallingii, Rik

    Influence of the water content on X-ray fluorescence core- scanning measurements in soft marine properties such as density and water content on XRF core scanner data. Comparison of XRF scanner measurements for the radiation absorption of the water content in sediment core GeoB7920 off Cape Blanc, NW Africa. Components

  9. FDR for non destructive evaluation: inspection of external post-tensioned ducts and measurement of water content in concrete

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    of water content in concrete F. Visco-Comandini(1) , T. Bore(2) , G. Six(1) , F. Sagnard(1) , S. Delepine water content assessment technologies [18]. Another example concerns the bridges which include "external of post tensioned ducts or to measure the water content in concrete, we propose a structural health

  10. The effect of soil water content on the phytotoxicity of diuron, fluridone, metribuzin and trifluralin 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baumann, Paul A

    1979-01-01

    'HIE ~ OF SOIL WATER CONTENT ON 'IBE ~XICITY OF DIURON, FLURIDONE, NETMBUZIN AND TRIFLURALIN by Sutmitted to the Graduate College of Tom A&M University in partial fulfillnant of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1979... of Soil Water Content on the Phytotoxicity of Diuron, Fluridone, Netribuzin and Trifluralin (August 1979) Paul Alan Baumann, B. S. Southwest Missouri State (kuversity, Springfield Chairman of Advisory Ccnrnittee: Qr. Norris G. Nerkle 'The effect...

  11. Modeling and High-Resolution-Imaging Studies of Water-Content Profiles in a Polymer-Electrolyte-Fuel-Cell Membrane-Electrode Assembly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weber, A.Z.

    2008-01-01

    is the weighted sum of the water content in the membrane inResolution-Imaging Studies of Water-Content Profiles in aPark, PA 16802, USA. b Water-content profiles across the

  12. Estimating water content in an active landfill with the aid of GPR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yochim, April, E-mail: ayochim@regionofwaterloo.ca [Region of Waterloo Waste Management Division, 925 Erb Street West, Waterloo, ON N2J 3Z4 (Canada); Zytner, Richard G., E-mail: rzytner@uoguelph.ca [School of Engineering, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1 (Canada); McBean, Edward A., E-mail: emcbean@uoguelph.ca [School of Engineering, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1 (Canada); Endres, Anthony L., E-mail: alendres@sciborg.uwaterloo.ca [Dept. of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1 (Canada)

    2013-10-15

    Highlights: • Limited information in the literature on the use of GPR to measure in situ water content in a landfill. • Developed GPR method allows measurement of in situ water content in a landfill. • Developed GPR method is appealing to waste management professionals operating landfills. - Abstract: Landfill gas (LFG) receives a great deal of attention due to both negative and positive environmental impacts, global warming and a green energy source, respectively. However, predicting the quantity of LFG generated at a given landfill, whether active or closed is difficult due to the heterogeneities present in waste, and the lack of accurate in situ waste parameters like water content. Accordingly, ground penetrating radar (GPR) was evaluated as a tool for estimating in situ water content. Due to the large degree of subsurface heterogeneity and the electrically conductive clay cap covering landfills, both of which affect the transmission of the electromagnetic pulses, there is much scepticism concerning the use of GPR to quantify in situ water content within a municipal landfill. Two landfills were studied. The first landfill was used to develop the measurement protocols, while the second landfill provided a means of confirming these protocols. GPR measurements were initially completed using the surface GPR approach, but the lack of success led to the use of borehole (BH) GPR. Both zero offset profiling (ZOP) and multiple offset gathers (MOG) modes were tried, with the results indicating that BH GPR using the ZOP mode is the most simple and efficient method to measure in situ water content. The best results were obtained at a separation distance of 2 m, where higher the water content, smaller the effective separation distance. However, an increase in water content did appear to increase the accuracy of the GPR measurements. For the effective separation distance of 2 m at both landfills, the difference between GPR and lab measured water contents were reasonable at 33.9% for the drier landfill and 18.1% for the wetter landfill. Infiltration experiments also showed the potential to measure small increases in water content.

  13. Analysing chromatographic data using data mining to monitor petroleum content in water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Eibe

    Analysing chromatographic data using data mining to monitor petroleum content in water Geoffrey if they contain petroleum. These tests are mandated in many countries to enable environmental agencies the concentrations of petroleum compounds in water samples. Experiments demonstrate that the framework can be used

  14. The influence of changes in water content on the electrical resistivity of a natural unsaturated loess

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Munoz-Castelblanco, José; Delage, Pierre; Cui, Yu Jun

    2013-01-01

    Non-destructive methods of measuring water content in soils have been extensively developed in the last decades, especially in soil science. Among these methods, the measurements based on the electrical resistivity are simple and reliable thanks to the clear relationship between the water content and the electrical resistivity of soils. In this work, a new electrical resistivity probe was developed to monitor the change in local water content in the triaxial apparatus. The probe is composed of two-pair of electrodes, and an electrical current is induced through the soil at the vicinity of the contact between the probe and the specimen. Some experimental data on the changes in resistivity with the degree of saturation were obtained in specimens of a natural unsaturated loess from Northern France. Two theoretical models of resistivity were also used to analyze the obtained data. Results are finally discussed with respect to the loess's water retention properties.

  15. Accuracy of the Water Vapour Content Measurements in the Atmosphere Using Optical Methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galkin, V D; Alekseeva, G A; Novikov, V V; Pakhomov, V P

    2010-01-01

    This paper describes the accuracy and the errors of water vapour content measurements in the atmosphere using optical methods, especially starphotometer. After the general explanations of the used expressions for the star-magnitude observations of the water vapour absorption in section 3 the absorption model for the water vapour band will be discussed. Sections 4 and 5 give an overview on the technique to determine the model parameters both from spectroscopic laboratory and radiosonde observation data. Finally, the sections 6 and 7 are dealing with the details of the errors; that means errors of observable magnitude, of instrumental extraterrestrial magnitude, of atmospheric extinction determination and of water vapour content determination by radiosonde humidity measurements. The main conclusion is: Because of the high precision of the results the optical methods for water vapour observation are suited to validate and calibrate alternative methods (GPS, LIDAR, MICROWAVE) which are making constant progress wo...

  16. RAPID METHOD FOR DETERMINING WATER CONTENT IN OYSTER TISSUE By THOMAS C. CARVER, JR., Pishery Biologist (Research) I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RAPID METHOD FOR DETERMINING WATER CONTENT IN OYSTER TISSUE By THOMAS C. CARVER, JR., Pishery waiting period. Korringa (1956) reported a method by which the water content of oyster meats could- tained at 100° C. for 1 hour. The volume of water collected was measured and converted to weight

  17. Z .Marine Chemistry 64 1999 5769 A record of estuarine water contamination from the Cd content of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Geen, Alexander

    Z .Marine Chemistry 64 1999 57­69 A record of estuarine water contamination from the Cd content content of overlying water at the time of test formation. Pre-industrial foraminiferal CdrCa ratios-year dissolved Cd time series from San Francisco Bay and adjacent coastal water shows that the composition

  18. Effect of temperature, WPS (water-phase salt) and phenolic contents on4 Listeria monocytogenes growth rates on cold-smoked salmon and evaluation5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 2 3 Effect of temperature, WPS (water-phase salt) and phenolic contents on4 Listeria models, taking into account the effects of temperature, water24 phase salt content, phenolic content

  19. On-sample water content measurement for a complete local monitoring in triaxial testing of unsaturated soils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Munoz-Castelblanco, José; Pereira, Jean-Michel; Cui, Yu-Jun

    2013-01-01

    To provide a complete local monitoring of the state of an unsaturated soil sample during triaxial testing, a local water content measurement device was adapted to a triaxial device comprising the measurement of local displacements (Hall effect transducers) and suction (High capacity transducer). Water content was locally monitored by means of a resistivity probe. The water content/resistivity calibration curves of an intact natural unsaturated loess from Northern France extracted by block sampling at two depths (1 and 3.3 m) were carefully determined, showing good accuracy and repeatability. The validity of two models giving the resistivity of unsaturated soils with respect to their water content was examined.

  20. Effects of Water Content and Alumino-Silicate Sources on the Structure and Properties of Geopolymers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lizcano, Maricela

    2012-10-19

    for 21 days at ambient conditions. In addition, the effects of the initial water content, SiO2/Al2O3 ratio, and alkaline activator (Na or K) on the thermal and mechanical properties of GPs, indicate that the dominant factor controlling thermal...

  1. Cloud water contents and hydrometeor sizes during the FIRE Arctic Clouds Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shupe, Matthew

    Cloud water contents and hydrometeor sizes during the FIRE Arctic Clouds Experiment Matthew D a 35-GHz cloud radar and the DOE Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program operated a suite Clouds Experiment took place during April­July 1998, with the primary goal of investigating cloud

  2. Spatial variability of throughfall water and chemistry and forest floor water content in a Douglas fir forest stand Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 6(3), 363374 (2002) EGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    2002-01-01

    Spatial variability of throughfall water and chemistry and forest floor water content in a Douglas variability of throughfall water and chemistry and forest floor water content in a Douglas fir forest stand K variability of throughfall water and chemistry and forest floor water content within a Douglas fir

  3. Large Scale Ice Water Path and 3-D Ice Water Content

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Liu, Guosheng

    2008-01-15

    Cloud ice water concentration is one of the most important, yet poorly observed, cloud properties. Developing physical parameterizations used in general circulation models through single-column modeling is one of the key foci of the ARM program. In addition to the vertical profiles of temperature, water vapor and condensed water at the model grids, large-scale horizontal advective tendencies of these variables are also required as forcing terms in the single-column models. Observed horizontal advection of condensed water has not been available because the radar/lidar/radiometer observations at the ARM site are single-point measurement, therefore, do not provide horizontal distribution of condensed water. The intention of this product is to provide large-scale distribution of cloud ice water by merging available surface and satellite measurements. The satellite cloud ice water algorithm uses ARM ground-based measurements as baseline, produces datasets for 3-D cloud ice water distributions in a 10 deg x 10 deg area near ARM site. The approach of the study is to expand a (surface) point measurement to an (satellite) areal measurement. That is, this study takes the advantage of the high quality cloud measurements at the point of ARM site. We use the cloud characteristics derived from the point measurement to guide/constrain satellite retrieval, then use the satellite algorithm to derive the cloud ice water distributions within an area, i.e., 10 deg x 10 deg centered at ARM site.

  4. Water/Icy Super-Earths: Giant Impacts and Maximum Water Content

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcus, Robert A; Stewart, Sarah T; Hernquist, Lars

    2010-01-01

    Water-rich super-Earth exoplanets are expected to be common. We explore the effect of late giant impacts on the final bulk abundance of water in such planets. We present the results from smoothed particle hydrodynamics simulations of impacts between differentiated water(ice)-rock planets with masses between 0.5 and 5 M_Earth and projectile to target mass ratios from 1:1 to 1:4. We find that giant impacts between bodies of similar composition never decrease the bulk density of the target planet. If the commonly assumed maximum water fraction of 75wt% for bodies forming beyond the snow line is correct, giant impacts between similar composition bodies cannot serve as a mechanism for increasing the water fraction. Target planets either accrete materials in the same proportion, leaving the water fraction unchanged, or lose material from the water mantle, decreasing the water fraction. The criteria for catastrophic disruption of water-rock planets are similar to those found in previous work on super-Earths of terre...

  5. Large Scale Ice Water Path and 3-D Ice Water Content

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Liu, Guosheng

    Cloud ice water concentration is one of the most important, yet poorly observed, cloud properties. Developing physical parameterizations used in general circulation models through single-column modeling is one of the key foci of the ARM program. In addition to the vertical profiles of temperature, water vapor and condensed water at the model grids, large-scale horizontal advective tendencies of these variables are also required as forcing terms in the single-column models. Observed horizontal advection of condensed water has not been available because the radar/lidar/radiometer observations at the ARM site are single-point measurement, therefore, do not provide horizontal distribution of condensed water. The intention of this product is to provide large-scale distribution of cloud ice water by merging available surface and satellite measurements. The satellite cloud ice water algorithm uses ARM ground-based measurements as baseline, produces datasets for 3-D cloud ice water distributions in a 10 deg x 10 deg area near ARM site. The approach of the study is to expand a (surface) point measurement to an (satellite) areal measurement. That is, this study takes the advantage of the high quality cloud measurements at the point of ARM site. We use the cloud characteristics derived from the point measurement to guide/constrain satellite retrieval, then use the satellite algorithm to derive the cloud ice water distributions within an area, i.e., 10 deg x 10 deg centered at ARM site.

  6. in-house windrow composting Many of the water bodies that are impaired by bacteria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in-house windrow composting Many of the water bodies that are impaired by bacteria throughout from new and existing facilities. One such BMP is in-house windrow composting (IWC) of poultry litter. The Environmental Effects of In-House Windrow Composting of Poultry Litter project is demonstrating

  7. Textures, water content and degassing of silicic andesites from recent plinian and dome-forming eruptions at Mount Pele volcano (Martinique,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Textures, water content and degassing of silicic andesites from recent plinian and dome contents (glass inclusions in phenocrysts and matrix glasses) and microtextures. Water contents of glass-eruptive melt water content (i.e., 5.3­ 6.3 wt.%), whereas they are much lower in the dominant pelean

  8. The Influence of Running on Patellar Water Content and Bone Marrow Edema in Females with and without Patellofemoral , H. H. Hu2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southern California, University of

    The Influence of Running on Patellar Water Content and Bone Marrow Edema in Females marrow water content changes in individuals with and without PFP. To accomplish this goal, we used the water content of the images measured. Equation 2 was used to estimate the water volume of local BME. Eq

  9. Fertilizer Facts: April 1997, Number 14 Safflower Seed Yield and Oil Content as Affected by Water and N

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Rick L.

    Fertilizer Facts: April 1997, Number 14 Safflower Seed Yield and Oil Content as Affected by Water to combat weeds, diseases and insects. Although considered drought tolerant, production is affected by water. This study was undertaken to quantify the effect of available water on safflower yield potential and oil

  10. Desch_Answers N12.pdf Student questions: Steve Desch colloquium on "Predicting the water content of Earth,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shumway, John

    Desch_Answers N12.pdf 1 Student questions: Steve Desch colloquium on "Predicting the water content of water. The only way you could tell if there was an atmosphere is if you watch the planet in transit, but they will be. What defines solar mass to water mass fraction? We can observe absorption lines of O in the solar

  11. Water Determination Using Karl Fischer Titration Water content needs to be determined at all stages of the manufacturing process from raw materials to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nazarenko, Alexander

    of the manufacturing process from raw materials to finished goods. The quality of the product depends on it and effectiveness. In the food industry, the water content of both raw materials and the finished foodstuff needs

  12. Water Content Determination of Rubber Stoppers Utilized for Sealing Lyophilized Pharmaceutical Products: Assessment of Two Karl Fischer Titration Methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Voth, Laura Marie

    2013-08-31

    In the pharmaceutical industry, the success of a new drug product is strongly impacted by the stability of the drug formulation. For many formulations, stability is governed by the drug product's water content, thus the ...

  13. Measuring Soil Water Content with Ground Penetrating Radar: A Review J. A. Huisman,* S. S. Hubbard, J. D. Redman, and A. P. Annan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hubbard, Susan

    Measuring Soil Water Content with Ground Penetrating Radar: A Review J. A. Huisman,* S. S. Hubbard: soil water content determined from reflected climate anomalies, such as continental droughts andwave velocity, soil water content determined from ground wave veloc- large-scale precipitation events (Entekhabi

  14. A method to predict the soil susceptibility to compaction of surface layers as a function of water content and bulk density

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    of water content and bulk density K. Saffih-Hdadi1 , P. Défossez2 , G. Richard3 , Y-J. Cui4 , A-M. Tang4 physical properties. Because the soil compaction depends on its water content, bulk density and texture between soil mechanical properties and easily measurable soil properties as well as water content and bulk

  15. Chemical Characterization and Water Content Determination of Bio-Oils Obtained from Various Biomass Species using 31P NMR Spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David, K.; Ben, H.; Muzzy, J.; Feik, C.; Iisa, K.; Ragauskas, A.

    2012-03-01

    Pyrolysis is a promising approach to utilize biomass for biofuels. One of the key challenges for this conversion is how to analyze complicated components in the pyrolysis oils. Water contents of pyrolysis oils are normally analyzed by Karl Fischer titration. The use of 2-chloro-4,4,5,5,-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaphospholane followed by {sup 31}P NMR analysis has been used to quantitatively analyze the structure of hydroxyl groups in lignin and whole biomass. Results: {sup 31}P NMR analysis of pyrolysis oils is a novel technique to simultaneously characterize components and analyze water contents in pyrolysis oils produced from various biomasses. The water contents of various pyrolysis oils range from 16 to 40 wt%. The pyrolysis oils obtained from Loblolly pine had higher guaiacyl content, while that from oak had a higher syringyl content. Conclusion: The comparison with Karl Fischer titration shows that {sup 31}P NMR could also reliably be used to measure the water content of pyrolysis oils. Simultaneously with analysis of water content, quantitative characterization of hydroxyl groups, including aliphatic, C-5 substituted/syringyl, guaiacyl, p-hydroxyl phenyl and carboxylic hydroxyl groups, could also be provided by {sup 31}P NMR analysis.

  16. Effect of the acrylic acid content on the permeability and water uptake of latex films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reyes-Mercado, Yuri; Duda, Yurko

    2007-01-01

    Acrylic acid (AA) is a monomer commonly employed in emulsion polymerization to provide electrostatic colloidal stability and improve specific film performance. The addition of AA not only modifies the kinetics of the polymerization, but also it takes part in the interaction between colloidal particles, which has a strong influence on their packing and consequent latex film properties. In this contribution a theoretical modeling of the latex film formation is presented and compared to experimental results: water vapor permeability and latex film capacitance are studied as a function of AA content. It has been shown that water uptake is mainly affected by film morphology which in turn is defined by intercolloidal interaction and drying rate.

  17. 16/05/12 3:57 PMWATER: Floating robots use GPS-enabled smartphones to track water flow, help water management Page 1 of 4http://www.lakeconews.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article...o-track-water-flow-help-water-management&catid=1:latest&Itemid=1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    management Page 1 of 4http://www.lakeconews.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article...o-track-water-flow-help-water=com_content&view=article...o-track-water-flow-help-water-management&catid=1:latest&Itemid=19716/05/12 3:57 PMWATER: Floating robots use GPS-enabled smartphones to track water flow, help water

  18. Monitoring Phosphorus Content in a Tropical Estuary Lagoon using an Hyperspectral Sensor and its Application to Water Quality Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    1 Monitoring Phosphorus Content in a Tropical Estuary Lagoon using an Hyperspectral Sensor and its Application to Water Quality Modeling Project Number: 2005PR20B Start: 03/01/2004 End: 12 Quality Board (EQB), conducted water and sediments sampling survey on the SJBNE. While on certain sections

  19. Stratocumulus Liquid Water Content from Dual Wavelength Radar Robin J. Hogan # , Anthony J. Illingworth, John W. F. Goddard + , Suzanne C. H. M. Jongen # and Henri Sauvageot ++

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hogan, Robin

    Stratocumulus Liquid Water Content from Dual Wavelength Radar Robin J. Hogan # , Anthony J­ quid water content (LWC) of such clouds, but active measure­ ments are required in order to obtain information on the vertical distribution of liquid water in the cloud. One of the main prob­ lems

  20. Binding Strength of Sodium Ions in Cellulose for Different Water Contents M. D. Deshpande,,| Ralph H. Scheicher,*,, Rajeev Ahuja,, and Ravindra Pandey*,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pandey, Ravi

    Binding Strength of Sodium Ions in Cellulose for Different Water Contents M. D. Deshpande,,| Ralph ions (Na+ ) with cellulose is investigated from first principles for varying degrees of water content OH groups in cellulose which we categorize as two different types. In the absence of water, Na+ forms

  1. Errors in determination of soil water content using time-domain reflectometry caused by soil compaction around wave guides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ghezzehei, T.A.

    2008-05-29

    Application of time domain reflectometry (TDR) in soil hydrology often involves the conversion of TDR-measured dielectric permittivity to water content using universal calibration equations (empirical or physically based). Deviations of soil-specific calibrations from the universal calibrations have been noted and are usually attributed to peculiar composition of soil constituents, such as high content of clay and/or organic matter. Although it is recognized that soil disturbance by TDR waveguides may have impact on measurement errors, to our knowledge, there has not been any quantification of this effect. In this paper, we introduce a method that estimates this error by combining two models: one that describes soil compaction around cylindrical objects and another that translates change in bulk density to evolution of soil water retention characteristics. Our analysis indicates that the compaction pattern depends on the mechanical properties of the soil at the time of installation. The relative error in water content measurement depends on the compaction pattern as well as the water content and water retention properties of the soil. Illustrative calculations based on measured soil mechanical and hydrologic properties from the literature indicate that the measurement errors of using a standard three-prong TDR waveguide could be up to 10%. We also show that the error scales linearly with the ratio of rod radius to the interradius spacing.

  2. Characterization of soil water content variability and soil texture using GPR groundwave techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grote, K.

    2010-01-01

    of soil moisture: Adv. Water Resourc. , 17, Fageria, N.K. ,SGP97) Hydrology Experiment: Water Resources Research, 35(6)variability across scales: Water Resources Research, 44,

  3. System and method for monitoring water content or other dielectric influences in a medium

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cherry, Robert S. (Idaho Falls, ID); Anderson, Allen A. (Firth, ID)

    2001-01-01

    A sensor system is provided that measures water content or other detectable properties in a medium along the entire length of the sensor at any point in time. The sensor system includes an electromagnetic signal generator and a transmission line disposed in a medium to be monitored. Alternatively, the transmission line can be configured for movement across a medium to be monitored, or the transmission line can be fixed relative to a moving medium being monitored. A signal is transmitted along the transmission line at predetermined frequencies, and the signal is returned back along the transmission line and/or into an optional receive line in proximity to the transmission line. The returned signal is processed to generate a one-dimensional data output profile that is a function of a detectable property of the medium. The data output profile can be mapped onto a physical system to generate a two-dimensional or three-dimensional profile if desired. The sensor system is useful in a variety of different applications such as agriculture, horticulture, biofiltration systems for industrial offgases, leak detection in landfills or drum storage facilities at buried waste sites, and in many other applications.

  4. Rapid Simultaneous Mapping of Total and Myelin Water Content, T1 and T2* in Multiple Sclerosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arhelger, Volker; Gliedstein, Detlef; Lafontaine, Marie-Sofie; Tonkova, Vyara; Holz, Dietrich; Böer, Andreas; Schenk, Jochen; Neeb, Heiko; (,; Koblenz, University of Applied Sciences; Koblenz, Radiologisches Institut Hohenzollernstrasse; Engineering, Institute for Medical; Koblenz, Information Processing; Boeer, Neurologie Dr; Koblenz,

    2010-01-01

    Quantitative magnetic resonance imaging might provide a more specific insight into disease process, progression and therapeutic response of multiple sclerosis. We present an extension of a previously published approach for the simultaneous mapping of brain T1, T2* and total water content. In addition to those three parameters, the method presented in the current work allows for the measurement of myelin bound water content, a surrogate marker of tissue myelination. Myelin water was measured based on its distinct relaxation with reduced T2*, resulting in a multiexponential decay signal. However, only 10 points could be acquired on the relaxation curve within a maximum echo time of <40ms as the quantitative protocol has been adapted previously for fast acquisitions with whole brain coverage. The sparse sampling required an adaption of the optimisation approach with additional constraints necessary in order to obtain reliable results. Therefore, the corresponding pool fractions were determined using linear op...

  5. TABLE OF CONTENTS Content Page

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Jiuyong "John"

    #12;TABLE OF CONTENTS Content Page Version 5.1 iii September 2012 Contents 1 INTRODUCTION 1-1 1;TABLE OF CONTENTS Content Page Version 5.1 iv September 2012 3 PLANNING AND DESIGN GUIDELINES 3-1 3 Noise 3-25 3.3.15 Optimise Light 3-25 3.3.16 Save Water 3-25 3.3.17 Minimise Waste 3-25 3.4 Green Star

  6. An evaluation of hydrologic, geotechnical, and chemical behavior of processed oil shale solid waste 2; The use of time domain reflectometry (TDR) for monitoring in-situ volumetric water content in processed oil shale

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reeves, T.L.; Elgezawi, S.M. (Wyoming Univ., Laramie, WY (USA). Dept. of Civil Engineering); Kaser, T.G. (GIGO Computer and Electronic, Laramie, WY (US))

    1989-01-01

    This paper describes the use of time domain reflectometry (TDR) for monitoring volumetric water contents in processed oil shale solid waste. TDR measures soil water content via a correlation between the dielectric constant (K) of the 3 phase (soil-water-air) system and the volumetric water content ({theta}{sub v}). An extensive bench top research program has been conducted to evaluate and verify the use of this technique in processed oil shale solid waste. This study utilizes columns of processed oil shale packed to known densities and varying water contents and compares the columetric water content measured via TDR and the volumetric water content measured through gravimetric determination.

  7. espite the International Whaling Commission's (IWC) moratorium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerber, Leah R.

    be remarkably successful. Emissions trading markets for air pollutants such as sulphur dioxide and nitrogen

  8. Bulletin de la Socit Royale des Sciences de Lige, Vol. XX, X, 200X, pp. YY-ZZ Influence of the water content in the synthesis of fructose laurate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of the water content in the synthesis of fructose laurate by immobilized lipase B of Candida antarctica of these reactions can be modeled as a function of the initial water content by a three-parameter power law for the esterification and by an exponential law for the transesterification. The influence of the water content

  9. Effect of differing mineral contents in process water on the quantity and nitrogen concentration of protein isolates from defatted soy and cottonseed flours 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Heikyung

    1976-01-01

    EFFECT OF DIFFERING MINERAL CONTENTS IN PROCESS WATER ON THE QUANTITY AND NITROGEN CONCENTRATION OF PROTEIN ISOLATES FROM DEFATTED SOY AND COTTONSEED FLOURS A Thesis by HEIKYUNG KIM Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University... in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December l976 Major Sub)ect: Food Technology EFFECT OF DIFFERING MINERAL CONTENTS IN PROCESS WATER ON THE QUANTITY AND NITROGEN CONCENTRATION OF PROTEIN ISOLATES FROM DEFATTED...

  10. The effect of water content, cooling rate, and growth temperature on the freezing temperature of 4 Tillandsia species 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hagar, Christopher Flint

    1990-01-01

    the exotherm initiation temperatures (EIT) of leaf sections. The effect of 2 growth temperatures (5 and 25oC) on the absolute water content and EIT of T. recurvata and T. usneoides was also determined. All p * * pt T. mb'1 ', f o t ld temperatures at 80... minimum winter temperatures of their different northern boundaries. Cooling rate affected the EIT of T. recurvata and T. d* b t t T. b~l' T. o tll . L f t of the former 2 species froze at colder temperatures when cooled at a rate of 25oC per hour than...

  11. Application of TDR technology to water content monitoring of capillary barriers made of pulp and paper residues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cabral, A.R.; Burnotte, F.; Lefebvre, G.

    1999-03-01

    Acid mine drainage (AMD) can be curbed by covering tailings with capillary barriers. The purposes of these barriers is to prevent O{sub 2} from interacting with mine residues. This control can be made by keeping a high degree of moisture inside the cover material. Saturation is thus a key parameter to be monitored. The purpose of this paper is to present how the time domain reflectometry (TDR) technique can be used in order to monitor the volumetric water content for pulp and paper residues that have been used as capillary barriers. Calibration curves for deinking residues are presented and compared to literature data relating to mineral and organic soils.

  12. Performances of the Electrical Spectroscopy employing a RESPER Probe for measuring the Salinity and Water Content of Concretes and Terrestrial Soils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Settimi, A; Zirizzotti, A; Marchetti, M; Sapia, V

    2010-01-01

    This paper proposes to discuss the performances of the electrical spectroscopy employing a RESPER probe to measure the salinity s and volumetric content {\\theta}W of water in concretes and terrestrial soils. The RESPER probe is an induction device for spectroscopy which performs simultaneous and non invasive measurements on the electrical RESistivity 1/{\\sigma} and relative dielectric PERmittivity {\\epsilon}r of a subjacent medium. The RESPER measures {\\sigma} and {\\epsilon} with inaccuracies below a prefixed limit (10%) in the band of middle and high frequencies (MF-HF). The conductivity is related to salinity and the dielectric permittivity to volumetric water content by suitable refined theoretical models which are consistent with the predictions of two empirical laws, respectively Archie's and Topp's. The better agreement, the lower the hygroscopic water content and the higher s; so a better agreement occurs for concretes, containing almost no bound water molecules, provided that are characterized by an h...

  13. A 1-D modelling of streaming potential dependence on water content during drainage experiment in sand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allègre, Vincent; Ackerer, Philippe; Jouniaux, Laurence; Sailhac, Pascal; 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2012.05371.x

    2012-01-01

    The understanding of electrokinetics for unsaturated conditions is crucial for numerous of geophysical data interpretation. Nevertheless, the behaviour of the streaming potential coefficient C as a function of the water saturation Sw is still discussed. We propose here to model both the Richards' equation for hydrodynamics and the Poisson's equation for electrical potential for unsaturated conditions using 1-D finite element method. The equations are first presented and the numerical scheme is then detailed for the Poisson's equation. Then, computed streaming potentials (SPs) are compared to recently published SP measurements carried out during drainage experiment in a sand column. We show that the apparent measurement of DV / DP for the dipoles can provide the SP coefficient in these conditions. Two tests have been performed using existing models for the SP coefficient and a third one using a new relation. The results show that existing models of unsaturated SP coefficients C(Sw) provide poor results in term...

  14. (1) AGGELIDES, S., YOUNGS, E.G., 1978 -The dependance of the parameters in the Green and Ampt infiltration equation on the initial water content in draining and wetting states.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    infiltration equation on the initial water content in draining and wetting states. Water Resources Research, 14 analysis. Water Resources Research, vol. 2, n°4, p.729-738. (17) BOUWER, H., 1969 ­ Infiltration of water.L., 1977 ­ Estimating the effective capillary pressure in the Green and Ampt infiltration equation. Water

  15. The Laboratory Complex for the Calibration of Photometers Using the Optical Method for Determination of the Water Vapor Content in the Earth Atmosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galkin, V D; Nikanorova, I N; Leiterer, U; Niebert, T; Alekseeva, G A; Novikov, V V; Ilyin, G N; Pakhomov, V P

    2010-01-01

    We describe the laboratory complex for the calibration of photometers that are used in weather service to measure the water vapor content in the Earth atmosphere. The complex was built up in Pulkovo Observatory and developed within the framework of collaboration between Pulkovo Observatory and Lindenberg Meteorological Observatory (Meteorologisches Observatorium Lindenberg - Richard-A{\\ss}mann-Observatorium, Lindenberg, Germany). It is used to obtain calibration dependences for individual devices, and also to develop and compare various methods of construction of calibration dependences. These techniques are based on direct calibration of the photometers, on the use of spectral laboratory transmission functions for water vapor, on calculation methods using spectroscopical databases for individual lines. We hope that when the parameters of the equipment are taken into account in detail and new results for the absorptive power of water vapor are used, the accuracy of determination of the water vapor content in ...

  16. Analysis of the Application of the Optical Method to the Measurements of the Water Vapor Content in the Atmosphere. I. Basic Concepts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galkin, V D; Alekseeva, G A; Berger, F -H; Leiterer, U; Naebert, T; Nikanorova, I N; Novikov, V V; Pakhomov, V P; Sal'nikov, I B

    2010-01-01

    We retrieved the total content of the atmospheric water vapor from extensive sets of photometric data obtained since 1995 at Lindenberg Meteorological Observatory with star and sun photometers. Different methods of determination of the empirical parameters that are necessary for the retrieval are discussed. The instruments were independently calibrated using laboratory measurements made at Pulkovo Observatory with the VKM-100 multi-pass vacuum cell. The empirical parameters were also calculated by the simulation of the atmospheric absorption by water vapor, using the MODRAN-4 program package for different model atmospheres. The results are compared to those presented in the literature, obtained with different instruments and methods of the retrieval. The accuracy of the empirical parameters used for the power approximation that links the water vapor content with the observed absorption is analyzed. Currently, the calibration and measurement errors yield the uncertainty of about 10% in the total column water v...

  17. Modeling Water Management in Polymer-Electrolyte Fuel Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weber, Adam; Department of Chemical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley

    2008-01-01

    of predicted water contents and water management in ani.e . , temperature and water content), and thus many modelsfor the water uptake and water content using macroscopic

  18. Cloud fraction, liquid and ice water contents derived from long-term radar, lidar, and microwave radiometer data are systematically compared to models to quantify and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hogan, Robin

    Cloud fraction, liquid and ice water contents derived from long-term radar, lidar, and microwave a systematic evaluation of clouds in forecast models. Clouds and their associated microphysical processes for end users of weather forecasts, who may be interested not only in cloud cover, but in other variables

  19. Modeling and High-Resolution-Imaging Studies of Water-Content Profiles in a Polymer-Electrolyte-Fuel-Cell Membrane-Electrode Assembly

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stevenson, Cynthia; Weber, A.Z.; Hickner, M.A.

    2008-03-06

    Water-content profiles across the membrane electrode assembly of a polymer-electrolyte fuel cell were measured using high-resolution neutron imaging and compared to mathematical-modeling predictions. It was found that the membrane held considerably more water than the other membrane-electrode constituents (catalyst layers, microporous layers, and macroporous gas-diffusion layers) at low temperatures, 40 and 60 C. The water content in the membrane and the assembly decreased drastically at 80 C where vapor transport and a heat-pipe effect began to dominate the water removal from the membrane-electrode assembly. In the regimes where vapor transport was significant, the through-plane water-content profile skewed towards the cathode. Similar trends were observed as the relative humidity of the inlet gases was lowered. This combined experimental and modeling approach has been beneficial in rationalizing the results of each and given insight into future directions for new experimental work and refinements to currently available models.

  20. Errors in determination of soil water content using time-domain reflectometry caused by soil compaction around wave guides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghezzehei, T.A.

    2008-01-01

    soil bulk density and the water retention curve, Vadose ZoneA. Bruand, A conceptual model of the soil water retentioncurve, Water Resources Research, 34 (2), 223–231, 1998.

  1. SCHOOLOFSCIENCE Table of Contents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varela, Carlos

    SCHOOLOFSCIENCE Table of Contents Degrees Offered and Associated Departments 330 Overview Environmental Science 403 Interdisciplinary Science 407 Multidisciplinary Science 409 The Darrin Fresh Water

  2. Regulations and Basic Information Table of Contents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    Regulations and Basic Information Table of Contents Safe and Effective Use.) for Various Quantities of Water

  3. Using radiative transfer models to study the atmospheric water vapor content and to eliminate telluric lines from high-resolution optical spectra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gardini, A; Pérez, E; Quesada, J A; Funke, B

    2012-01-01

    The Radiative Transfer Model (RTM) and the retrieval algorithm, incorporated in the SCIATRAN 2.2 software package developed at the Institute of Remote Sensing/Institute of Enviromental Physics of Bremen University (Germany), allows to simulate, among other things, radiance/irradiance spectra in the 2400-24 000 {\\AA} range. In this work we present applications of RTM to two case studies. In the first case the RTM was used to simulate direct solar irradiance spectra, with different water vapor amounts, for the study of the water vapor content in the atmosphere above Sierra Nevada Observatory. Simulated spectra were compared with those measured with a spectrometer operating in the 8000-10 000 {\\AA} range. In the second case the RTM was used to generate telluric model spectra to subtract the atmospheric contribution and correct high-resolution stellar spectra from atmospheric water vapor and oxygen lines. The results of both studies are discussed.

  4. The Determination of the Water Vapor Content in the Pulkovo VKM-100 Multipass Vacuum Cell Using Polymer Sensors of Humidity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galkin, V D; Nikanorova, I N; Sal'nikov, I B; Leiterer, U; Alekseeva, G A; Novikov, V V; Dauß, D

    2010-01-01

    In spectral studies of water vapor under laboratory conditions (determination of molecular constants, measurement for spectral transmission functions), the amount of water vapor in the time of the measurements is one of the most essential parameters, which should be determined accurately. We discuss the application for this purpose of polymer sensors of humidity manufactured by Praktik-NC (Moscow) and used in the Pulkovo VKM-100 multipass vacuum cell. These sensors were examined in the laboratory of Lindenberg Meteorological observatory (Germany) by comparison between their readings and those of standard measuring devices for various values of relative humidity, pressure, and temperature. We also carried out measurements of relative humidity in boxes with saline solution, in which the relative humidity that corresponds to a given solution is guaranteed with the accuracy of several tenths of percent. The analysis of the results of the laboratory examination of the sensors and extended sets of measurements made...

  5. SCHOOLOFSCIENCE Table of Contents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varela, Carlos

    SCHOOLOFSCIENCE Table of Contents Degrees Offered and Associated Departments 324 Overview The Darrin Fresh Water Institute 401 New York Center for Studies on the Origins of Life 402 New York State

  6. Inverse modelling of in situ soil water dynamics: investigating the effect of different prior distributions of the soil hydraulic parameters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scharnagl, B.; Vrugt, J. A; Vereecken, H.; Herbst, M.

    2011-01-01

    monitor- ing soil water contents, Water Resour. Res. , 26,spatial variation of soil water content at the field scaledetermination of soil water content: measurements in coaxial

  7. Table Of Contents Section: Page

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    EM 385-1-1 XX Sep 13 i Section 2 SANITATION Table Of Contents Section: Page 02.A General Water......................................................... 2-1 02.D Non-Potable Water and openings. 02.C DRINKING WATER #12;EM 385-1-1 XX Sep 13 2-2 02.C.01 An adequate supply of potable water

  8. Water content and wind acceleration in the envelope around the oxygen-rich AGB star IK Tau as seen by Herschel/HIFI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Decin, L; De Beck, E; Lombaert, R; de Koter, A; Waters, L B F M

    2010-01-01

    During their asymptotic giant branch, evolution low-mass stars lose a significant fraction of their mass through an intense wind, enriching the interstellar medium with products of nucleosynthesis. We observed the nearby oxygen-rich asymptotic giant branch star IK Tau using the high-resolution HIFI spectrometer onboard Herschel. We report on the first detection of H_2^{16}O and the rarer isotopologues H_2^{17}O and H_2^{18}O in both the ortho and para states. We deduce a total water content (relative to molecular hydrogen) of 6.6x10^{-5}, and an ortho-to-para ratio of 3:1. These results are consistent with the formation of H_2O in thermodynamical chemical equilibrium at photospheric temperatures, and does not require pulsationally induced non-equilibrium chemistry, vaporization of icy bodies or grain surface reactions. High-excitation lines of 12CO, 13CO, 28SiO, 29SiO, 30SiO, HCN, and SO have also been detected. From the observed line widths, the acceleration region in the inner wind zone can be characterized...

  9. ARM - Measurement - Ice water content

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Comments?govInstrumentsnoaacrnBarrow, Alaska Outreach Home Roomparticle sizefraction ARMGeometrytypes

  10. ARM - Measurement - Liquid water content

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Comments?govInstrumentsnoaacrnBarrow, Alaska Outreach Home Roomparticlecontent ARM Data Discovery Browse Data

  11. Section 4. Inventory Table of Contents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Section 4. Inventory Table of Contents 4.1 Existing Legal Protections Protections Level Name Clean Water Act Endangered Species Act Migratory Bird Treaty Act National Environmental State Instream Water Rights ­ Oregon Water Resources Department Morrow County Zoning Ordinance ­ Morrow

  12. Methods to Study Intervention Sustainability Using Pre-existing, Community Interventions: Examples from the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Benjamin Ford

    2009-01-01

    water treatment and ii Contents 3.4A.2 Water qualityfor using household water treatment . . . . . . . . . . . .

  13. Table of Contents Deschutes Subbasin Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Table of Contents Deschutes Subbasin Plan Table of Contents Executive Summary 1. Purpose and Scope.1. Physical, Natural and Human Landscape ................................................2.1 2.2. Water, Table of Contents Page 1 #12;Table of Contents 7. Limiting Factors and Conditions .........

  14. Table of Contents Page i 2013 Residential Compliance Manual January 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Table of Contents Page i 2013 Residential Compliance Manual January 2014 Table of Contents 5. Water Heating Requirements ................................................................................................................................1 5.1.1 Water Heating Energy

  15. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"10272015 9:02:05 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Crude Oil Production" "Sourcekey","MCRFPUS1","MCRFPP11","MCRFPFL1","MCRFPNY1","MCRFPPA1","MCRFPV...

  16. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"10272015 9:02:06 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Crude Oil Production" "Sourcekey","MCRFPUS1","MCRFPP11","MCRFPFL1","MCRFPNY1","MCRFPPA1","MCRFPV...

  17. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"2122015 2:09:18 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Distillate Fuel Oil Sales for Residential Use...

  18. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"6252015 11:11:13 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Crude Oil Production" "Sourcekey","MCRFPUS2","MCRFPP12","MCRFPFL2","MCRFPNY2","MCRFPPA2","MCRFPV...

  19. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"6272015 6:10:39 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Oil Wells (Summary) "...

  20. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"6272015 6:10:38 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells (Summary) "...

  1. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"6272015 6:11:20 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Vented and Flared (Summary) "...

  2. Catalog of Studies Table of Contents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capogna, Luca

    2014-15 GRADUATE Catalog of Studies TM #12;Table of Contents Welcome to the University of Arkansas ............................. 26 Arkansas Water Resources Center ................................................ 26 Bessie Boehm

  3. Catalog of Studies Table of Contents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capogna, Luca

    2015-16 GRADUATE Catalog of Studies TM #12;Table of Contents Welcome to the University of Arkansas ............................. 26 Arkansas Water Resources Center ................................................ 26 Bessie Boehm

  4. Table Contents Page i 2013 Nonresidential Compliance Manual January 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Table Contents Page i 2013 Nonresidential Compliance Manual January 2014 Table of Contents........................................................................5 Table F-1 Small Water Heater Test Methods ..................................................................................6 Table F-2 Large Water Heater Test Methods

  5. Volume III, Chapter 4 TABLE OF CONTENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volume III, Chapter 4 Eulachon #12;TABLE OF CONTENTS 4.0 EULACHON (Thaleichthys pacificus..................................................................................................................... 4-4 4.1.5 Movements in Fresh Water ........................................................... 4-8 4.4.1 Water Development

  6. RELATIONS BETWEEN THE DETECTION OF METHYL TERT-BUTYL ETHER (MTBE) IN SURFACE AND GROUND WATER AND ITS CONTENT IN GASOLINE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AND ITS CONTENT IN GASOLINE By Michael J. Moran, Mike J. Halde, Rick M. Clawges and John S. Zogorski U in the United States as an octane enhancer and oxygenate in gasoline. Octane enhancement began in the late 1970's with the phase-out of tetraethyl lead from gasoline. The use of oxygenates was expanded

  7. Marketing water 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2008-01-01

    stream_source_info Marketing water savings.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 9143 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Marketing water savings.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 tx H2... are partnering with federal and state agencies and universities to develop new programs or market existing ones. In North Central Texas, the city of McKin- ney and Texas AgriLife Research and Exten- sion Urban Solutions Center at Dallas recently began...

  8. Watershed and Receiving Water Modeling Introduction ....................................................................................................................................843

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pitt, Robert E.

    APPENDIX H Watershed and Receiving Water Modeling CONTENTS Introduction ..................................................................................................................852 Receiving Water Models ......................................................................................................................................866 INTRODUCTION Models are important tools for watershed and receiving water analyses because

  9. An ecological study examining the correlation of end-stage renal disease and ground water heavy metal content in Texas counties 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bishop, Scott Alan

    1999-01-01

    An ecological study was conducted to examine the correlation of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and the ground water heavy metal level of lead, arsenic, cadmium, mercury and the cumulative level of all four metals in Texas counties. The heavy meal...

  10. An Unprecedented Constraint on Water Content in the Sunlit Lunar Exosphere Seen by Lunar-Based Ultraviolet Telescope of Chang'e-3 Mission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, J; Qiu, Y L; Meng, X M; Cai, H B; Cao, L; Deng, J S; Han, X H; Wei, J Y

    2015-01-01

    The content of $\\mathrm{OH/H_2O}$ molecules in the tenuous exosphere of the Moon is still an open issue at present. We here report an unprecedented upper limit of the content of the OH radicals, which is obtained from the in-situ measurements carried out \\rm by the Lunar-based Ultraviolet Telescope, a payload of Chinese Chang'e-3 mission. By analyzing the diffuse background in the images taken by the telescope, the column density and surface concentration of the OH radicals are inferred to be $<10^{11}\\ \\mathrm{cm^{-2}}$ and $<10^{4}\\ \\mathrm{cm^{-3}}$ (by assuming a hydrostatic equilibrium with a scale height of 100km), respectively, by assuming that the recorded background is fully contributed by their resonance fluorescence emission. The resulted concentration is lower than the previously reported value by about two orders of magnitude, and is close to the prediction of the sputtering model. In addition, the same measurements and method allow us to derive a surface concentration of $<10^{2}\\ \\math...

  11. What's your water footprint? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordan, Leslie

    2009-01-01

    stream_source_info What's your water footprint.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 6622 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name What's your water footprint.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859...-1 tx H2O | pg. 21 What?s your water footprint? When it comes to your water use, do you tread lightly or are you an H2O Sasquatch? How much water do you think you consume every day? You might initially consider the length of your daily shower...

  12. Water Quality Criteria Introduction ....................................................................................................................................798

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pitt, Robert E.

    APPENDIX G Water Quality Criteria CONTENTS Introduction ....................................................................................................................................798 EPA's Water Quality Criteria and Standards Plan -- Priorities for the Future............................798 Compilation of Recommended Water Quality Criteria and EPA's Process for Deriving New

  13. FUNDAMENTALSTUDY FOR IMPROVEMENT OF ESTIMATION ACCURACY CHLORIDE CONTENT USING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    by the electromagnetic wave radar that chloride contents and water contents, and temperature affected the electricalFUNDAMENTALSTUDY FOR IMPROVEMENT OF ESTIMATION ACCURACY CHLORIDE CONTENT USING ELECTROMAGNETIC, Tokyo, Japan mami.uchida.4k@stu.hosei.ac.jp ABSTRACT Chloride contents estimation using electromagnetic

  14. EERE Website Content Checklist

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This checklist is a tool to guide EERE content developers and editors in creating and reviewing content for websites.

  15. Density and water content of nanoscale solid C-S-H formed in alkali-activated slag (AAS) paste and implications for chemical shrinkage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, Jeffrey J., E-mail: jthomas39@slb.com [Schlumberger-Doll Research, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Allen, Andrew J. [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD 20899 (United States); Jennings, Hamlin M. [CSHub, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)

    2012-02-15

    Alkali-activated slag (AAS) paste was analyzed using small-angle neutron scattering (SANS). The scattering response indicates that the microstructure consists of a uniform matrix of hydration product with a high surface area studded with unhydrated cores of slag particles. In contrast with portland cement paste, no surface fractal scattering regime was detected, and elevated temperature curing (at 60 Degree-Sign C) had no detectable effect on the microstructure at any length scale studied. The specific surface area of the AAS pastes is about 25% higher than that of a portland cement paste cured under the same conditions. The composition and mass density of the nanoscale solid C-S-H phase formed in the AAS paste was determined using a previously developed neutron scattering method, in conjunction with a hydration model. The result ((CaO){sub 0.99}-SiO{sub 2}-(Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}){sub 0.06}-(H{sub 2}O){sub 0.97}, d = (2.73 {+-} 0.02) g/cm{sup 3}) is significantly lower in calcium and in water as compared to portland cement or pure tricalcium silicate paste. These values were used to calculate the chemical shrinkage that would result from complete hydration of the AAS paste. The result, (12.2 {+-} 1.5) cm{sup 3} of volumetric shrinkage per 100 g of unhydrated cement, is about twice the amount of chemical shrinkage exhibited by normal cement pastes.

  16. Exploiting User Generated Content for Mountain Peak Detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tagliasacchi, Marco

    Exploiting User Generated Content for Mountain Peak Detection Roman Fedorov Politecnico di Milano.g. snow water availability maps based on mountain peaks states extracted from photographs hosting services). User Generated Content(UGC); collective intelligence; passive crowdsourcing; environmental models

  17. BSc (Hons) Building Surveying Course content

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Paul

    BSc (Hons) Building Surveying Course content Year One Year One modules Professional, Academic and openings o Upper floor construction o Internal walls and partitions o Roofs, roof coverings and rain water

  18. The Sodium Content of Your Food. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anonymous,

    1982-01-01

    ............................ ............................. Pear nectar Pineapple juice .......................... Prune juice .............................. ................ Mineral Water. imported Tea ............................. Hot brewed .............................. Hot instant... .................................... Condiments, fats and oils 2t ........ Sodium Content of Selected Non-prescription Drugs 2t The Sodium Content of Your Food Extension food and nutrition specialists, The Texas A&M University System. Introduction Sodium is a mineral element necessary...

  19. On the Fluctuations that Order and Frustrate Liquid Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Limmer, David

    2013-01-01

    Quantitative water model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5.3 Determining T g for water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .iv Contents 6 Frustrating water at ordered surfaces 6.1

  20. HORTICULTURAL & FOREST CROPS 2013 Table of Contents 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    HORTICULTURAL & FOREST CROPS 2013 Table of Contents 1 1 Regulations and Basic Information Safe Quantities of Water ............................................................................ 1-29 Table 1

  1. CONTENT ADAPTIVE WATERMARKING BASED ON A STOCHASTIC MULTIRESOLUTION IMAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Genève, Université de

    CONTENT ADAPTIVE WATERMARKING BASED ON A STOCHASTIC MULTIRESOLUTION IMAGE MODELING Sviatoslav to provide wa­ termark invisibility. Thirdly, a new principle of water­ mark spatial allocation, based

  2. Environmental Health and Safety -Safety Manual Table of Contents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, X. Rong

    1 Environmental Health and Safety - Safety Manual Table of Contents I. Assignment of Responsibility Management Program..................................81 XIX. Water Vessel Safety Program

  3. HORTICULTURAL & FOREST CROPS 2014 Table of Contents 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    HORTICULTURAL & FOREST CROPS 2014 Table of Contents 1 1 Regulations and Basic Information Safe Quantities of Water ............................................................................ 1-29 Table 1

  4. Solar Works in Seattle: Domestic Hot Water

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Seattle's residential solar hot water workshop. Content also covers general solar resource assessment, siting, and financial incentives.

  5. Sugar, water and free volume networks in concentrated sucrose solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goddard III, William A.

    ) in these mixtures shows a non-monotonic behavior with water content which is consistent with experimental than 38 Æ 4% w/w [5] while the diffusion of water and sucrose decouples for water contents below $50% w/w [6]. Water diffusion in- creases with water content and decreases with temperature

  6. Achievements and Outlook 2012 SA Water Centre for Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mayer, Wolfgang

    Achievements and Outlook 2012 SA Water Centre for Water Management and Reuse #12;Contents Our Breaking News 35 SA Water Centre for Water Management and Reuse University of South Australia Mawson Lakes Campus Mawson Lakes SA 5095 Telephone: +61 (08) 8302 3338 Fax: +61 (08) 8302 3386 Web: unisa.edu.au/water

  7. HOME GROUNDS & ANIMALS 2014 Table of Contents 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    HOME GROUNDS & ANIMALS 2014 Table of Contents 3 1 Regulations and Basic Information How to Use of Water ..................................................................... 1-26 Table 1.6 - Equivalent Quantities of Liquid Materials (Emulsifiable Concentrates, etc.) for Various Quantities of Water

  8. Field Devices for Monitoring Soil Water Content

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (ADR): Impedance 2.1.2.4. Phase Transmission 2.1.2.5. Time Domain Transmission (TDT) 2.1.3. Other.2.2.1. Gypsum (Bouyoucos) Block 2.2.2.2. Granular Matrix Sensors (GMS) 2.2.3. Heat Dissipation 2.2.4. Soil

  9. Supplementary content for Evaluating Air Blown Gasification for Energy Recovery from Wastewater Solids: Impact

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , drying the solids to 10% (wt) water content. Dried solids are briquetted and fed to the gasifier where

  10. Volume III, Chapter 7 TABLE OF CONTENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volume III, Chapter 7 Walleye #12;TABLE OF CONTENTS 7.0 Walleye (Stizostedium vitreum................................................................................................... 7-7 7.4.3 Water Development only in fresh water, as illustrated by the map in Figure 7-1 (Scott and Crossman 1998).Walleye also

  11. Atlas Finding Aid Contents/Index

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ward, Karen

    Atlas Finding Aid Contents/Index A (1) City & State Atlas A (2) Astronomy Atlas A (3) U.S. Atlas A (4) Water Atlas A (5) South America & Central America A (6) Africa, Asia, &, Antarctica A (7) Mexico) SAN ANTONIO QUICK FINDER MAPS F 1373 .B46 F4 1990 33. A (1) SURFACE WATER RESOURCES OF TEXAS MAPS G

  12. ISDAC Microphysics

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    McFarquhar, Greg

    2011-07-25

    Best estimate of cloud microphysical parameters derived using data collected by the cloud microphysical probes installed on the National Research Council (NRC) of Canada Convair-580 during ISDAC. These files contain phase, liquid and ice crystal size distributions (Nw(D) and Ni(D) respectively), liquid water content (LWC), ice water content (IWC), extinction of liquid drops (bw), extinction of ice crystals (bi), effective radius of water drops (rew) and of ice crystals (rei) and median mass diameter of liquid drops (Dmml) and of ice crystals (Dmmi) at 30 second resolution.

  13. ISDAC Microphysics

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    McFarquhar, Greg

    Best estimate of cloud microphysical parameters derived using data collected by the cloud microphysical probes installed on the National Research Council (NRC) of Canada Convair-580 during ISDAC. These files contain phase, liquid and ice crystal size distributions (Nw(D) and Ni(D) respectively), liquid water content (LWC), ice water content (IWC), extinction of liquid drops (bw), extinction of ice crystals (bi), effective radius of water drops (rew) and of ice crystals (rei) and median mass diameter of liquid drops (Dmml) and of ice crystals (Dmmi) at 30 second resolution.

  14. University of California, San Diego Water Action Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gleeson, Joseph G.

    University of California, San Diego Water Action Plan December 20, 2013 #12;i Table of Contents of the Water Action Plan Water Action Plan Committee Regional Scope of the Water Action Plan HISTORICAL PROGRESS IN WATER REDUCTION.......................................................... 5 Campus Irrigation

  15. Privacy in encrypted content distribution using private broadcast encryption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waters, Brent

    @cs.stanford.edu Dan Boneh dabo@cs.stanford.edu Brent Waters bwaters@cs.stanford.edu Abstract In many contentPrivacy in encrypted content distribution using private broadcast encryption Adam Barth abarth distribution systems it is important to both restrict access of content to au- thorized users and to protect

  16. Near-Optimal Content Replication for Interactive Multiview Video Streaming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Shueng-Han Gary

    Near-Optimal Content Replication for Interactive Multiview Video Streaming Huan Huang S.-H. Gary Chan Dept. of Comp. Sci. & Eng. The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Clear Water Bay services, a content provider often deploys distributed content servers with heterogeneous storage

  17. Preliminary results of a comparison between 4 pig breeds in chemical composition of fatty tissue and intramuscular fat content

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    and relatively slow growth rate, gave a fatty tissue with higher water content, and the lipids of this tissue water content did not exceed 12 p. 100 in the other breeds. Backfat with so much water was not suitable hand, carcass fatness and growth rate on the other hand. Water content and degree of unsaturation

  18. Table Contents Page i 2013 Nonresidential Compliance Manual June 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Table Contents Page i 2013 Nonresidential Compliance Manual June 2014 Table of Contents 13.........................................................7 13.8 NRCA-MCH-09-A: Supply Water Temperature Reset Controls Acceptance ....................7 13: Condenser Water Supply Temperature Reset Controls Acceptance 8 13.17 NRCA-MCH-18-A: Energy Management

  19. ContentsContents3399the normal distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vickers, James

    ContentsContents3399the normal distribution 1. The normal distribution 2. The normal approximation to the binomial distribution 3. Sums and differences of random variables Learning outcomes In a previous Workbook of a continuous random variables: the normal distribution. The probabilities of the normal distribution have

  20. ContentsContents4343Regression and correlation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vickers, James

    ContentsContents4343Regression and correlation 1. Regression 2. Correlation Learning outcomes You. 1 #12;Regression 43.1 Introduction Problems in engineering often involve the exploration of the relationship(s) between two or more variables. The technique of regression analysis is very useful and well

  1. ContentsContents1133integration integration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vickers, James

    ContentsContents1133integration integration 1. Basic concepts of integration 2. Definite integrals 3. The area bounded by a curve 4. Integration by parts 5. Integration by substitution and using partial fractions 6. Integration of trigonometric functions Learning outcomes In this workbook you

  2. CONTENT MODEL HOW-TO

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    003241MLTPL00 Content Model Guidelines  https://github.com/usgin/usginspecs/wiki/Content-Model-Guidelines 

  3. FORESTS AND WATER. effects of forest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FORESTS AND WATER. effects of forest management on floods, sedimentation, and water supply HENRY FOREST SERVICE GENERAL TECHNICAL REPORT PSW- 18I1976 #12;CONTENTS Page Introduction ................................ 6 Water Inputs .........................................6 Precipitation Measurement

  4. The Western Water Assessment Annual RISA Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neff, Jason

    ;Western Water Assessment 2007 Annual Report 2 Table of Contents I. Areas of FocusThe Western Water Assessment Annual RISA Report Reporting Period: January 2007-December 2007 #12-30 #12;Western Water Assessment 2007 Annual Report 3

  5. Assessing the Quality of a Water Right

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peck, John C.

    2001-05-01

    stream_size 12 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name Assessing_the_quality_of_a_water_right.pdf.txt stream_source_info Assessing_the_quality_of_a_water_right.pdf.txt Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 Content-Type text...

  6. Turbid water Clear water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaffe, Jules

    Turbid water Clear water pixel position cameraresponsecameraresponse pixel position ABSTRACT: A new underwater laser scanning system, providing microbathymetric information in coastal waters is described the backscatter component resulting in enhanced performance in turbid waters. The system is expected to provide

  7. No-tillage and high-residue practices reduce soil water evaporation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    P, Brown L, Hirschi M. 2000. Water erosion. In: Conservationeffects on evaporation, soil water content, and yield offor Computing Crop Water Requirements. FAO Irrigation and

  8. Fog Water and Ecosystem Function: Heterogeneity in a California Redwood Forest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    access at Springerlink.com Fog Water and Ecosystem Function:The contribution of fog to the water relations of Sequoiaelectrical conductivity, water content, and surface conduc-

  9. Photo Courtesy of Carlsbad Water Distict Economic Evaluation for Water Recycling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lund, Jay R.

    -i- Photo Courtesy of Carlsbad Water Distict Economic Evaluation for Water Recycling In Urban Areas: _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ Committee in Charge 2008 #12;-ii- TABLE OF CONTENTS ABSTRACT........................................................................................................................................... 4 BENEFICIAL USES OF RECYCLED WATER

  10. Table of Contents Our Season Page 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    1 #12;2 Table of Contents 2011-2012 Our Season Page 3 People Page 8 Outreach Page 11 Curricular-Curtain 546 $3,631.16 Hell In High Water-Rand 1252 $7,102.47 Solstice-Curtain 506 $2,583.42 Urinetown - Rand-stage season this spring. Hell in High Water by Marcus Gardley The Rand Theater Nov. 10, 11, 12, 16, 17, 18, 19

  11. Florida LAKEWATCH SOP April 2013 Florida LAKEWATCH Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jawitz, James W.

    Florida LAKEWATCH SOP April 2013 1 Florida LAKEWATCH Water Chemistry Field Sampling and Laboratory of Contents Introduction ..........................................................................................................4 Filling Water Bottles for Nutrients

  12. Agricultural Engineering and Socio-Economics Division Field Contents Member

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banbara, Mutsunori

    Agricultural Engineering and Socio-Economics Division Field Contents Member Environmental Engineering for Water The main subjects in this research and educational field are as follows: hydrological cycle of river basin, characteristics of water environment with regard to water quantity and quality

  13. The Water-Energy Nexus: Challenges and Opportunities Overview...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    The Water-Energy Nexus: Challenges and Opportunities JUNE 2014 THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY BLANK Table of Contents Foreword ......

  14. UC SANTA CRUZ WATER EFFICIENCY SURVEY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    UC SANTA CRUZ WATER EFFICIENCY SURVEY FINAL REPORT December 2007 Prepared By Maddaus Water Management and UC Santa Cruz ` #12;UC Santa Cruz 2 Maddaus Water Management Water Efficiency Survey WATER EFFICIENCY SURVEY OF UC SANTA CRUZ, SANTA CRUZ, CA TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  15. CONTENTS PAGE INTRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aslaksen, Helmer

    THE APPLICATIONS AND VALIDITY OF BODE'S LAW CAN WE EXPLAIN BODE'S LAW USING GRAVITY? 8 Law of Gravitation 8 Centre#12;#12;CONTENTS CONTENTS PAGE INTRODUCTION WHO, HOW AND WHEN IS THE BODE'S LAW DISCOVERED? 1 THE BODE'S LAW HOW THE BODE'S LAW SATISFIED URANUS 3 HOW THE BODE'S LAW LED TO THE DISCOVERY OF CERES

  16. Progress in Polymer Science 35 (2010) 332337 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turro, Nicholas J.

    2010-01-01

    Progress in Polymer Science 35 (2010) 332­337 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Progress properties since they consist predom- inantly of water held in place by a relatively fragile polymer network reserved. Contents 1. Introduction

  17. Water Resources Working Group Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    Water Resources Working Group Report This report provided content for the Wisconsin Initiative in February 2011. #12;Water Resources Working Group Wisconsin Initiative on Climate Change Impacts October 2010 #12;Water Resources Working Group Members ­ WICCI Tim Asplund (Co-Chair) - Wisconsin Department

  18. Water Resources Competitive Grants Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Engineers Water Resources #12;i WATER RESOURCES REQUEST FOR PROPOSALS TABLE OF CONTENTS ABSTRACTWater Resources Competitive Grants Program Fiscal Year 2014 Request for Proposals Pursuant to Section 104 of the Water Resources Research Act of 1984, as Amended Closing Date 4:00 PM, Eastern Time

  19. UMIC NEWS 1/10 Table of Contents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kobbelt, Leif

    UMIC NEWS 1/10 Table of Contents www.umic.rwth-aachen.dewww.umic.rwth-aachen.de U M I Cltra High, along with energy, water and transportation, such that problems like address exhaustion, routing scaling

  20. Table of Contents Degrees Offered and Associated Departments 334

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varela, Carlos

    Table of Contents Degrees Offered and Associated Departments 334 Overview of Undergraduate Programs Water Institute 409 Inverse Problems at RPI (IPRPI) 410 New York Center for Studies on the Origins

  1. Table of Contents Degrees Offered and Associated Departments 338

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varela, Carlos

    Table of Contents Degrees Offered and Associated Departments 338 Overview of Undergraduate Programs Water Institute 414 Inverse Problems at RPI (IPRPI) 415 New York Center for Studies on the Origins

  2. Solar Water Heating: SPECIFICATION, CHECKLIST AND GUIDE

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Water Heating SPECIFICATION, CHECKLIST AND GUIDE Renewable Energy Ready Home Table of Contents About the Renewable Energy Ready Home Specifications Assumptions of the RERH Solar...

  3. Water Resources Water Quality and Water Treatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sohoni, Milind

    Water Resources TD 603 Lecture 1: Water Quality and Water Treatment CTARA Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay 2nd November, 2011 #12;OVERVIEW Water Quality WATER TREATMENT PLANTS WATER TREATMENT PLANTS WATER TREATMENT PLANTS WATER TRE OVERVIEW OF THE LECTURE 1. Water Distribution Schemes Hand Pump

  4. Table of Contents Preparing for and Responding to Drought

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    3 Table of Contents Preparing for and Responding to Drought WHEN EVERY DROP COuNtsProtecting Public, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Agency, and American Water Works Association. 2010. When every drop counts P r o f e s s i o n A l s #12;#12;Table of Contents Acknowledgments

  5. CONSTRUCTING SECURE CONTENT-DEPENDENT WATERMARKING SCHEME USING HOMOMORPHIC ENCRYPTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Qibin

    CONSTRUCTING SECURE CONTENT-DEPENDENT WATERMARKING SCHEME USING HOMOMORPHIC ENCRYPTION Zhi Li.a-star.edu.sg ABSTRACT Content-dependent watermarking (CDWM) has been pro- posed as a solution to overcome the potential and cryptography. 1. INTRODUCTION Consider a simplified model of Spread-Spectrum (SS) water- marking. Let x

  6. Chemical composition, mineral content and cholesterol levels of some regular

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Note Chemical composition, mineral content and cholesterol levels of some regular and reduced from cow's milk, were analyzed for basic nutrients (water, protein, fat, ash and lactose), cholesterol and selected minerals (Na, Ca, K, Mg, P and Zn). The moisture contents of Labneh (78.6 g·100 g-1 ) and Double

  7. A Stochastic Approach to Content Adaptive Digital Image Watermarking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Genève, Université de

    A Stochastic Approach to Content Adaptive Digital Image Watermarking Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiy y z and strength for the water­ mark embedding stage. We examine two such NVFs, based on either a non of the watermark estimation is equivalent to image denoising and derive content adaptive criteria. Re­ sults show

  8. A Stochastic Approach to Content Adaptive Digital Image Watermarking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Genève, Université de

    A Stochastic Approach to Content Adaptive Digital Image Watermarking Sviatoslav Voloshynovskiyyz function, that allows us to determine the optimal watermark locations and strength for the water- mark to image denoising and derive content adaptive criteria. Re- sults show that watermark visibility

  9. Advanced Article Article Contents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Shea, Paul

    -reduction) WILEY ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL BIOLOGY 2008, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1 #12;Membrane PotentialsAdvanced Article Article Contents · Biological Background · Physical Chemistry Background of Biological Roles and of Tech- nologies for Measurement Membrane Potentials in Living Systems, Tools

  10. Effect of Fuel Wobbe Number on Pollutant Emissions from Advanced Technology Residential Water Heaters: Results of Controlled Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rapp, VH

    2014-01-01

    Emissions from Residential Water Heaters Table of Contents46 Table 10. Storage water heaters evaluated experimentally50 Table 11. Published information for water heater

  11. Water Clean Water Clean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishida, Yuko

    Keep Our Water Clean Keep Our Water Clean Home and garden pesticides and fertilizers are polluting residues wash into gutters, storm drains, and streams by rain,garden watering,or cleaning up drinking water. Follow these tips to keep our rivers, creeks, and oceans clean. What can you do to protect

  12. Water, water everywhere,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eberhard, Marc O.

    1 Water, water everywhere, but is it safe to drink? An Inquiry-based unit investigating the journey of your drinking water from source to tap of drinking water will contain different contaminants, based on surrounding land uses (guided inquiry activity

  13. Water Resources Forests & Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Water Resources Forests & Water More than half of the nation's freshwater supply originates on forestland. Healthy and sustainable forests can help ensure a continuous supply of clean and abundant water. Not only does forestland provide the cleanest water of any land use, it also helps absorb rainfall

  14. John Day Subbasin Revised Draft Plan March 15, 2005 Table of Contents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;#12;John Day Subbasin Revised Draft Plan March 15, 2005 i Table of Contents 1. Executive .................................................................................................... 18 3.1.2 Subbasin Existing Water Resources

  15. Contents Lecture 1. Basic notions (AS) 2 Lecture 2. Sheaves: a ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2005-12-15

    This is the content of the rightly renowned. Quillen-Suslin ...... Before muddying the waters further with more definitions, let us have a concrete example which is ...

  16. In-Situ Microphysics from the MPACE IOP

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    McFarquhar, Greg

    2008-01-15

    Best estimates of the size distributions of supercooled water droplets and ice crystals for mixed-phase clouds measured during M-PACE for spiral ascents/descents over Barrow and Oliktok Point, and for ramped ascents/descents between Barrow and Oliktok Point. Our best estimates of the bulk microphysical properties such as ice water content (IWC), liquid water content (LWC), effective radius of ice crystals defined following Fu (1996) (rei), effective radius of supercooled water droplets (rew), total ice crystal number concentration (Ni), total water droplet number concentration (Nw) and total condensed water content (CWC), are also provided. The quantities were derived from the FSSP, 1DC, 2DC, HVPS and the CVI. Note HVPS data are only available after 10 Oct 2004 and some procedures have been developed to account for the missing data.

  17. In-Situ Microphysics from the MPACE IOP

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    McFarquhar, Greg

    Best estimates of the size distributions of supercooled water droplets and ice crystals for mixed-phase clouds measured during M-PACE for spiral ascents/descents over Barrow and Oliktok Point, and for ramped ascents/descents between Barrow and Oliktok Point. Our best estimates of the bulk microphysical properties such as ice water content (IWC), liquid water content (LWC), effective radius of ice crystals defined following Fu (1996) (rei), effective radius of supercooled water droplets (rew), total ice crystal number concentration (Ni), total water droplet number concentration (Nw) and total condensed water content (CWC), are also provided. The quantities were derived from the FSSP, 1DC, 2DC, HVPS and the CVI. Note HVPS data are only available after 10 Oct 2004 and some procedures have been developed to account for the missing data.

  18. SuStainability table of contentS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karonis, Nicholas T.

    SuStainability table of contentS executive Summary-Related Sustainability Options ........................................... 41 Information Technology Infrastucture #12;sustainability 2 Private Giving

  19. New program investigates health and water link 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2009-01-01

    stream_source_info New program investigates public health and water link.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 3540 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name New program investigates public health and water link....pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 Story by Kathy Wythe tx H2O | pg. 24 New program investigates public health and water link Thousands of cases of waterborne and water-related diseases worldwide are related to drinking water. A...

  20. Regulated water production to control water coning in oil wells 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sim?ha, I?s?vara

    1975-01-01

    REGULATED WATER PRODUCTION TO CONTROL WATER CONING IN OIL WELLS A Thesis by ISHWAR SINGH Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1975 Major... Subject: Petroleum Engineering REGULATED WATER PRODUCTION TO CONTROL WATER CONING IN OIL WELLS A Thesis by ISHWAR SINGH Approved as to style and content by (Chairman of Committee) (Membe ) (Head of Departmen lVlemb ) May 1975 ( I ABST RACT...

  1. Sustainable Water Management in the Minerals Industry 1 SUSTAINABLE WATER MANAGEMENT IN THE MINERALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGuinness, Mark

    is the amount and control of salt content in the used water dams. While there may be several dams at a givenSustainable Water Management in the Minerals Industry 1 SUSTAINABLE WATER MANAGEMENT interest. It arises in the provision of water for Queensland coal mines, where additional water

  2. of Your Food Contents Page

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B-1400 8/11 of Your Food Content The Sodium #12;Contents Page Introduction.......................................................................................3 Sodium content of foods Beverages and fruit juices activity, and encourages Americans to consume more healthy foods like vegetables, fruits, seafood, whole

  3. National Water Program Impact Report, 2004-2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and extension projects. #12;Contents CSREES National Water Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3The Land Grant University System National Water Program Impact Report, 2004-2005 Regional A network that responds to water resource issues by advancing knowledge through research, education

  4. Understanding Water and Solute Fluxes in Diverse Catchments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Godsey, Sarah

    2009-01-01

    a step shift in the oxygen 18 content of the water input.Water Resources Research 32: 3497-3511. Schauffler, M. ,for the variation in stream water chemistry at the Hubbard

  5. Original article Changes in foliar nutrient content and resorption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Original article Changes in foliar nutrient content and resorption in Fraxinus excelsior L., Ulmus in the flooded forest, causes high fluctuations of water level and increases bioavailability of cer- tain the variability of the test species response (nutrient con- tent and resorption) to the soil and flood water

  6. Simple Microwave Method for Detecting Water Holdup

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iqbal, Sheikh Sharif

    combinations of oil and water contents. The #12;reflection responses (S11) of the pipe with water level rangingSimple Microwave Method for Detecting Water Holdup Sheikh S. I., Alqurashi K. Y., Ragheb H to determine the water holdup of a near horizontal oil carrying pipeline. This technique is particularly useful

  7. An Extension of the TalbotOgden Hydrology Model to an Affine Multi-dimensional Moisture Content Domain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douglas, Craig C.

    ;2 t = - K + z( )( ), (1) where is water content, t is time, K is hydraulic conductivity, is capillary [3] [4] since both K and are highly nonlinear functions of water content or the pressure head term1 An Extension of the Talbot­Ogden Hydrology Model to an Affine Multi-dimensional Moisture Content

  8. Content-Aware Image enhancement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schettini, Raimondo

    1 Content-Aware Image enhancement R. Schettini www.ivl.disco.unimib.it 8 Faculties, 61 Degree Recognition Content-based retrieval Quality Assessment Content-Aware Image Enhancement Presentation Outline Processing Content aware image enhancement We focus here on image based features. And show how to exploit

  9. Content-Aware Image enhancement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schettini, Raimondo

    Content-Aware Image enhancement R. Schettini www.ivl.disco.unimib.it #12;8 Faculties, 61 Degree Recognition Content-based retrieval Quality Assessment #12;Content-Aware Image Enhancement Presentation Image Processing Content aware image enhancement We focus here on image based features. And show how

  10. ISSUE TABLE OF CONTENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SPECTRA HOME CURRENT ISSUE TABLE OF CONTENTS TECHNOLOGY BUSINESS PRESSTIME BULLETIN ARTICLE Thomas Young's classic setup for the demonstration of interference features light from one source incident on two vertical slits because the phenomenon occurs only if the light from the slits has a well

  11. Table of Contents Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagy, Eric Sándor

    include nitrogen oxides (NOx = NO + NO2 ), nitric acid (HNO3 ), nitrous oxide (N2 O, a greenhouse gas.TheHaber-BoschprocessalsosuppliesNH3 for industrial processes. Anthropogenic sources of nitrogen are twice as large as natural terDRAFT - 1 #12;2 - DRAFT Table of Contents Introduction What is Reactive Nitrogen and Why

  12. Cloud Liquid Water Measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delene, David J.

    of heat to vaporize drops. Power is supplied to coil to maintain a constant temperature. P ­ Total Power #12;Wet Power Term Energy is transferred to heat droplets to to the boiling point and vaporize;Liquid Water Content Formula Combine the Wet and Dry Power Terms PC Ts-TaPv x Mldv[Lvcw Tv-Ta] · M

  13. Youth Water Camp: Ward County 4-H program educates students about water conservation, quality 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Supercinski, Danielle

    2008-01-01

    stream_source_info Youth water camp.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 5692 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Youth water camp.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 tx H2O | pg. 24... A plant chemist directs Water Camp youth in basic water analysis at a local power plant during a tour. Story by Danielle Supercinski Ward County 4-H program educates students about water conservation, quality In January 1991, a committee...

  14. Table of Contents ______________________________________ l HyperioN l SpaceSettlement l 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Contents ______________________________________ l HyperioN l SpaceSettlement l 5 5.4.3 Water Management 813/533- 15/03/2011 #12;Table of Contents ______________________________________ l HyperioN l SpaceSettlement l 2 Table of Contents:- SERIAL NUMBER TOPIC PAGE NUMBER Acknowledgement 6 Executive Summary 7 1

  15. A Decision Theoretic Framework for Analyzing Binary Hash-based Content Identification Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Min

    the host content is copyrighted or not, and also possibly retrieve associated metadata [6]. Water- markingA Decision Theoretic Framework for Analyzing Binary Hash-based Content Identification Systems University of Maryland College Park, MD, USA minwu@umd.edu ABSTRACT Content identification has many

  16. Contention-Free Periodic Message Scheduler Medium Access Control in Wireless Sensor / Actuator Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barua, Rajeev

    , and chemical content to enable precise application of agents such as water, fertilizer, and pesticideContention-Free Periodic Message Scheduler Medium Access Control in Wireless Sensor / Actuator implemented with a contention-free message scheduler. A message scheduler is used to determine which message

  17. Best Practices for Energy Efficient Cleanrooms: Control of Chilled Water System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : Control of chilled water system Tengfang Xu Contents HVAC WATER SYSTEMSLBNL-58635 Best Practices for Energy Efficient Cleanrooms: Control of Chilled Water System Tengfang.............................................................................................. 2 Control of chilled water system

  18. Table of Contents Page i 2013 Residential Compliance Manual January 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Table of Contents Page i 2013 Residential Compliance Manual January 2014 Table of Contents 8, but incorporating all features of Prescriptive Package A. The energy budget includes water heating, space heating and water heating energy use in accordance with a detailed set of rules. The computer programs models

  19. Comparison of Test Procedures and Energy Efficiency Criteria in Selected International Standards and Labeling Programs for Clothes Washers, Water Dispensers, Vending Machines and CFLs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    content test in which water and energy consumption areconsumption, the hot water energy consumption and the energyenergy consumption, hot water energy consumption and energy

  20. Climate Change and Water Resources in California: The Cost of Conservation versus Supply Augmentation for the East Bay Municipal Utility District

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mourad, Bessma

    2009-01-01

    Gammon, Rovert. 2009. Sierra Water Grab. East Bay Express,www.eastbayexpress.com/news/sierra_water_grab/Content? oid=UCB: 1070. Maddaus Water Management.   Conservation

  1. Water Law in Kansas History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peck, John C.

    1992-01-01

    stream_size 7 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name John C. Peck, Water Law in Kansas History, 61 J. Kan. Bar Assoc. 39 (1992).pdf.txt stream_source_info John C. Peck, Water Law in Kansas History, 61 J. Kan. Bar Assoc. 39 (1992...

  2. How large is the subducted water flux? New constraints on mantle regassing1 R. Parai and S. Mukhopadhyay4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhopadhyay, Sujoy

    and14 mantle source water contents, we use a Monte Carlo simulation to set limits on long-term global rates and water contents in primary magmas generated at ocean islands, mid-ocean ridges, arcs17 and back mantle water content of up to 24 ppm/Ga.30 31 #12;3 1. Introduction32 Exchange of water between the Earth

  3. A Content Propagation Metric for Efficient Content Distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keinan, Alon

    A Content Propagation Metric for Efficient Content Distribution Ryan S. Peterson Cornell University@cs.cornell.edu ABSTRACT Efficient content distribution in large networks comprising data- centers, end hosts, and distributed in-network caches is a diffi- cult problem. Existing systems rely on mechanisms and metrics

  4. Web Content Filtering 1 User Guidelines Web content filter guidelines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swain, Peter

    Web Content Filtering 1 User Guidelines Web content filter guidelines Introduction The basic criterion for blocking a Web page Categories of material which will be blocked Requesting the unblocking of Aberdeen applies a Web Content Filtering service to all web pages accessed from the undergraduate network

  5. Perceptual Experience and Its Contents 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toribio, Josefa

    2002-01-01

    The contents of perceptual experience, it has been argued, often include a characteristic “non-conceptual” component (Evans, 1982). Rejecting such views, McDowell (1994) claims that such contents are conceptual in ...

  6. Water Quality

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Water Quality Water Quality We protect water quality through stormwater control measures and an extensive network of monitoring wells and stations encompassing groundwater, surface...

  7. Personalized professional content recommendation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Xu, Songhua

    2015-10-27

    A personalized content recommendation system includes a client interface configured to automatically monitor a user's information data stream transmitted on the Internet. A hybrid contextual behavioral and collaborative personal interest inference engine resident to a non-transient media generates automatic predictions about the interests of individual users of the system. A database server retains the user's personal interest profile based on a plurality of monitored information. The system also includes a server programmed to filter items in an incoming information stream with the personal interest profile and is further programmed to identify only those items of the incoming information stream that substantially match the personal interest profile.

  8. Personalized professional content recommendation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Xu, Songhua

    2015-11-05

    A personalized content recommendation system includes a client interface configured to automatically monitor a user's information data stream transmitted on the Internet. A hybrid contextual behavioral and collaborative personal interest inference engine resident to a non-transient media generates automatic predictions about the interests of individual users of the system. A database server retains the user's personal interest profile based on a plurality of monitored information. The system also includes a server programmed to filter items in an incoming information stream with the personal interest profile and is further programmed to identify only those items of the incoming information stream that substantially match the personal interest profile.

  9. NESEA Newsletter Content

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on77 PAGEMissionStressMoveMuncriefB NESEA Newsletter Content

  10. SHALLOW WATER WAVES OVER POLYGONAL BOTTOMS MATHIEU CATHALA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    . Contents 1. Introduction 1 1.1. Water waves over polygonal topographies 1 1.2. Formulation of the waterSHALLOW WATER WAVES OVER POLYGONAL BOTTOMS MATHIEU CATHALA The traditional shallow water model into a flat bottom domain. We derive a new shallow water model which accounts for polygonal topographies

  11. Engineering water for the world: Texas A&M University tackles a water crisis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Churchill, Caitlin

    2009-01-01

    stream_source_info Engineering water for the world.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 6826 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Engineering water for the world.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859...-1 Story by Caitlin Churchill Engineering water for the world Texas A&M University tackles a water crisis 3 3. Dr. Stephen Carpenter and Dr. Bryan Boulanger combine the mixture. tx H2O | pg. 14 Texas A&M University students and profes- sors...

  12. Water value in power generation: Experts distinguish water use and consumption 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalisek, D

    2013-01-01

    stream_source_info Water value in power generation.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 10063 Content-Encoding windows-1252 stream_name Water value in power generation.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset...=windows-1252 Winter 2013 tx H2O 11 ] Story by Danielle Kalisek In Grimes County, the sun sets over Gibbons Creek Reservoir, the cooling water supply for an adjacent power plant. Photo by Leslie Lee. WATER VALUE IN POWER GENERATION Experts...

  13. Investigating Water 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howard Jr., Ronald A.

    2002-01-02

    This 3-ring binder contains teaching plans for 12 lessons on topics such as "Water in Our Daily Lives," "The Water Cycle," "Amazing Aquifers," "Water and Soil," "Aquatic Ecosystems," and "Water Wise Use." Accompanying each lesson plan are activity...

  14. Dawdon Mine Water Heat Pump Trial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    14-Dec-12 Dawdon Mine Water Heat Pump Trial #12;14 December 2012 2 Potential for Mine Water sourced heating Dawdon heat pump trial A demonstration project Contents #12;Friday, 14 December 2012 3 The UK salinity High Iron (removed by lime treatment) Offices , 8 rooms #12;Dawdon heat pump Warm mine water

  15. ULTRA-DEEP WATER ADVISORY COMMITTEE FINDINGS AND

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    ULTRA-DEEP WATER ADVISORY COMMITTEE FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 2014 ULTRA-DEEPWATER ADVISORY COMMITTEE COMMITTEE FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS i Table of Contents Research and...

  16. DOE/EA-1313: Environmental Assessment of Ground Water Compliance...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    U0069700 This Page Intentionally Blank DOE Office of Legacy Management EA of Ground Water Compliance at the Monument Valley Site March 2005 Final Page iii Contents Page...

  17. Water resources data for Louisiana, water year 1995. Water data report (Annual), 1 October 1994-30 September 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrison, C.R.; Lovelace, W.M.; Montgomery, P.A.

    1996-05-01

    Water resources data for the 1995 water year for Louisiana consists of records of stage, discharge, and water quality of streams; stage, contents, and water quality of lakes and reservoirs; and water levels and water quality of ground water. This report contains records for water discharge at 65 gaging stations; stage only for 40 gaging stations and 6 lakes; water quality for 45 surface-water stations (including 23 gage stations) and 76 wells; and water levels for 217 observation wells. Also included are data for 113 crest-stage and flood-profile partial-record stations. Additional water data were collected at various sites not involved in the systematic data-collection program, and are published as miscellaneous measurements.

  18. Water resources data for Louisiana, water year 1994. Water-data report (Annual), 1 October 1993-30 September 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrison, C.R.; Lovelace, W.M.; Montgomery, P.A.

    1995-03-01

    Water resources data for the 1994 water year for Louisiana consists of records for stage, discharge, and water quality of streams; stage, contents, and water quality of lakes and reservoirs; and water levels and water quality of ground water. This report contains records for water discharge at 64 gaging stations; stage only for 45 gaging stations and 6 lakes; water quality for 51 surface-water stations (including 24 gage stations) and 84 wells; and water levels for 209 observations wells. Also included are data for 115 crest-stage and flood-profile partial-record stations. Additional water data were collected at various sites not involved in the systematic data-collection program, and are published as miscellaneous measurements.

  19. Table of Contents Preface vii

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Departments Restaurant Inspections · Sewage Disposal Systems · Private Water Supply Safety · Swimming Pool and Milk Control · Recreational Facilities Inspections · Surface Water Pollution · Public Water Supply Safety · Solid Waste Management · Animal Control · Hazardous Waste Management · Indoor Air Quality

  20. TABLE OF CONTENTS

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm WaterSeptemberSummarySNev

  1. Water transport in fuel cell membranes measured by laser interferometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Jungik, 1973-

    2009-01-01

    (cont.) The coefficients of electro-osmotic drag were found to increase with the increasing water content, which indicates that the Grotthuss mechanism of proton transfer is not active in the membranes with low water ...

  2. Soil and Water Assessment Tool Theoretical Documentation Version 2009 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neitsch, S.L.; Arnold, J.G.; Kiniry, J.R.; Williams, J.R.

    2011-01-01

    Documentation.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 Theoretical Documentation Version 2009 Soil & Water Assessment Tool TR-406 COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE AND LIFE SCIENCES TR-406 2011 Soil and Water Assessment Tool...

  3. Prediction of soil water retention properties after stratification by combining texture, bulk density and the type of horizon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of water content at particular water potentials (Rawls et al., 1982 & 2004) or the estimation). Most class-PTFs provide class average water contents at particular water potentials or one average1 Prediction of soil water retention properties after stratification by combining texture, bulk

  4. Water Heaters and Hot Water Distribution Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutz, Jim

    2012-01-01

    LBNL collected water and waste water tariffs in Californiastate. Current water and waste water tariffs for these areaswas based on water and waste water tariffs in California

  5. ContentsContents2424Fourier 1. The Fourier transform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vickers, James

    ContentsContents2424Fourier transforms 1. The Fourier transform 2. Properties of the Fourier Transform 3. Some Special Fourier Transform Pairs Learning outcomes needs doing Time allocation You mathematical topics this time may vary considerably. 1 #12;The Fourier Transform 24.1 Introduction

  6. Lead Content of Brass Plumbing Components J Barry Maynard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maynard, J. Barry

    Lead Content of Brass Plumbing Components J Barry Maynard University of Cincinnati 2008 Water are leaded brass and hence comprise a potential source of Pb in compliance testing under the Lead and Copper be marketed as "lead free". In true no-lead brasses, Bi and Se are used in place of Pb (http

  7. HORTICULTURAL & FOREST CROPS 2012 Table of Contents 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    HORTICULTURAL & FOREST CROPS 2012 Table of Contents 1 1 Regulations and Basic Information SafeQuantitiesofLiquidMaterials(EmulsifiableConcentrates,Etc.)for .......... 1-29 Various Quantities of Water Table 1.8 - Pounds of Active Ingredients per Gallon, Pounds per

  8. HORTICULTURAL & FOREST CROPS 2011 Table of Contents 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    HORTICULTURAL & FOREST CROPS 2011 Table of Contents 1 1 Regulations and Basic Information SafeQuantitiesofLiquidMaterials(EmulsifiableConcentrates,Etc.)for .......... 1-30 Various Quantities of Water Table 1.8 - Pounds of Active Ingredients per Gallon, Pounds per

  9. Re-water: More complicated than just toilet-to-tap, water reclamation helps sustain thirsty cities 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Leslie

    2011-01-01

    stream_source_info Re-water_more complicated than just toilet-to-tap, water reclamation helps sustain thirsty cities.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 14065 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Re-water..._more complicated than just toilet-to-tap, water reclamation helps sustain thirsty cities.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 Fall 2011 tx H2O 25 Story by Leslie Lee Timeline of Droughts in Texas TWDB adopts Water for Texas 2007...

  10. Multiscale modeling of clay-water systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ebrahimi, Davoud

    2014-01-01

    The engineering properties of soils are highly affected by clay content and clay-water interactions. However, existing macro-scale continuum models have no length scale to describe the evolution of the clay microstructure ...

  11. Water Intoxication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lingampalli, Nithya

    2013-01-01

    2008, May 14). Too much water raises seizure risk in babies.id=4844 9. Schoenly, Lorry. “Water Intoxication and Inmates:article/246650- overview>. 13. Water intoxication alert. (

  12. Hydraulic redistribution of soil water by roots affects whole-stand evapotranspiration and net ecosystem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noormets, Asko

    Hydraulic redistribution of soil water by roots affects whole-stand evapotranspiration and net sap flow, soil water content, understory, water potential. Summary · Hydraulic redistribution (HR , respectively. · Hydraulic redistribution mitigated the effects of soil drying on understory and stand

  13. Impact of Reservoir Evaporation and Evaporation Suppression on Water Supply Capabilities 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayala, Rolando A

    2013-04-01

    Reservoir storage is essential for developing dependable water supplies and is a major component of the river system water budget. The storage contents of reservoirs fluctuate greatly with variations in water use and climatic conditions that range...

  14. Strawberry Nursery Plant Propagation in Relation to Soil Phosphorus and Water Variation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Hong; Li, Tingxian; Gordon, Robert J.; Asiedu, Samuel K.

    2009-01-01

    and variability of soil pH, water, magnesium and Diaprepesdesign for light and water management in strawberry.P concentrations vary with soil water content (SWC) and pH

  15. Recent content in Water Power Forum | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgency (IRENA)OptionsEquivalent URIGum Pvt Ltd RGPL

  16. CONTENTS 2 1 Motivation 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, Rudolf

    1 #12;CONTENTS 2 Contents 1 Motivation 4 2 Circuit QED and Two-Resonator Circuit-QED 6 2.1 Coupled Fabrication Parameters 94 D E-beam Sample Holder 96 E Danksagungen 103 #12;1 MOTIVATION 4 1 Motivation

  17. Water Efficiency

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Water Efficiency Hosted by: FEDERAL UTILITY PARTNERSHIP WORKING GROUP SEMINAR November 5-6, 2014 Cape Canaveral, Florida WATER EFFICIENCY Federal Utility Partnership Working Group...

  18. Arsenic in your water?: Economists study perceptions of risks from drinking water high in arsenic 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2010-01-01

    in rocks, soils, and the waters in contact with them, and its contamination of groundwater is largely the result of minerals dissolv- ing from weathered rocks and soils. Groundwater arsenic contamination is widespread in Texas, especially in South... stream_source_info Arsenic in your water.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 5400 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Arsenic in your water.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 Arsenic...

  19. Specific heat of apple at different moisture contents and temperatures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viacheslav Mykhailyk; Nikolai Lebovka

    2013-05-11

    This work discusses results of experimental investigations of the specific heat, $C$, of apple in a wide interval of moisture contents ($W=0-0.9$) and temperatures ($T = 283-363$ K). The obtained data reveal the important role of the bound water in determination of $C(W,T)$ behaviour. The additive model for description of $C(W)$ dependence in the moisture range of $0.1apple was considered as a mixture of water and hydrated apple material (water plasticised apple) with specific heat $C_h$. The difference between $C_h$ and specific heat of dry apple, $\\Delta Cb=C_h-C_d$, was proposed as a measure of the excess contribution of bound water to the specific heat. The estimated amounts of bound water $W_b$ were comparable with the monolayer moisture content in apple. The analytical equation was proposed for approximation of $C(W,T)$ dependencies in the studied intervals of moisture content and temperature.

  20. Storing A Safe Emergency Drinking Water By Sharon Skipton,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

    containers and label each with the contents and the preparation date. Water treated in this manner canStoring A Safe Emergency Drinking Water Supply By Sharon Skipton, UNL Extension Water Quality and other property, loss of power, and in some cases an interruption in water supplies. Having a safe

  1. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report An Investigation Into Sustainable Water Consumption -

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Into Sustainable Water Consumption - Water Bottles versus WaterFillz Units Alireza Tavassoli, Yee Chung Wong, Sina of a project/report". #12;An Investigation Into Sustainable Water Consumption - Water Bottles versus Water, 2010 TA: Craig Hennessey #12;ii Table of Contents Abstract

  2. Water in the Soil http://www.alison-burke.com/jpgs-large/lifesciences/soil_waterflow.jpg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nowak, Robert S.

    Recap Recap Recap #12;Water in the Soil http://www.alison-burke.com/jpgs-large/lifesciences/soil_waterflow.jpg Soil water potential More negative #12;Less water requires more force As the soil water content decreases, plants need to excerpt more pressure to take water Photosynthesis and Water A decreases

  3. Reducing the moisture content of clean coals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kehoe, D. )

    1992-12-01

    Coal moisture content can profoundly effect the cost of burning coal in utility boilers. Because of the large effect of coal moisture, the Empire State Electric Energy Research Corporation (ESEERCO) contracted with the Electric Power Research Institute to investigate advanced coal dewatering methods at its Coal Quality Development Center. This report contains the test result on the high-G solid-bowl centrifuge, the second of four devices to be tested. The high-G solid-bowl centrifuge removes water for coal by spinning the coal/water mixture rapidly in a rotating bowl. This causes the coal to cling to the sides of the bowl where it can be removed, leaving the water behind. Testing was performed at the CQDC to evaluate the effect of four operating variables (G-ratio, feed solids concentration, dry solids feed rate, and differential RPM) on the performance of the high-G solid-bowl centrifuge. Two centrifuges of different bowl diameter were tested to establish the effect of scale-up of centrifuge performance. Testing of the two centrifuges occurred from 1985 through 1987. CQDC engineers performed 32 tests on the smaller of the two centrifuges, and 47 tests on the larger. Equations that predict the performance of the two centrifuges for solids recovery, moisture content of the produced coal, and motor torque were obtained. The equations predict the observed data well. Traditional techniques of establishing the performance of centrifuge of different scale did not work well with the two centrifuges, probably because of the large range of G-ratios used in the testing. Cost of operating a commercial size bank of centrifuges is approximately $1.72 per ton of clean coal. This compares well with thermal drying, which costs $1.82 per ton of clean coal.

  4. Precambrian Research 228 (2013) 85101 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiaorui "Ray"

    2013-01-01

    Precambrian Research 228 (2013) 85­101 Contents lists available at SciVerse Science, the extent of organic matter remineralization (and thus degree of 13 C depletion) is correlated with water

  5. Artificial Intelligence 184185 (2012) 1737 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Qiang

    2012-01-01

    Artificial Intelligence 184­185 (2012) 17­37 Contents lists available at SciVerse Science a a Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water

  6. Pervasive and Mobile Computing ( ) Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Polly

    Pervasive and Mobile Computing ( ) ­ Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect Pervasive attached to an everyday drinking mug, and motivates office workers to drink healthy quantities of water

  7. Large Scale Performance Measurement of Content-Based Automated Image-Orientation Detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomkins, Andrew

    Large Scale Performance Measurement of Content-Based Automated Image-Orientation Detection Abstract (sepia toned), contains reflections in water, and contains few markers. Row 4: If deeper information

  8. Pattern Recognition 42 (2009) 3032 --3045 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plaza, Antonio J.

    2009-01-01

    Pattern Recognition 42 (2009) 3032 -- 3045 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Pattern and water on the basis of the unique reflectance patterns that result from the interaction of solar energy

  9. Operations Research Letters 38 (2010) 550555 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Barry L.

    2010-01-01

    Operations Research Letters 38 (2010) 550­555 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Operations Engineering and Logistics Management, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay

  10. Journal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling 50 (2014) 4449 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Benzhuo

    2014-01-01

    Journal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling 50 (2014) 44­49 Contents lists available at Science solvent model, and provides a simpli- fied continuum description of the discrete particle (e.g., water

  11. Computer-Aided Design 43 (2011) 374380 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Guo-liang

    2011-01-01

    Computer-Aided Design 43 (2011) 374­380 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Computer, hence no water could stay on a minimal surface roof. Architecture inspired from minimal surfaces

  12. J. Parallel Distrib. Comput. ( ) Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hwu, Wen-mei W.

    J. Parallel Distrib. Comput. ( ) ­ Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect J. Parallel to water diffusion. MRI image reconstruction consists of solving a large linear system relating

  13. Computer Physics Communications 180 (2009) 669674 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southern California, University of

    2009-01-01

    Computer Physics Communications 180 (2009) 669­674 Contents lists available at Science) surface in implicit water (i.e., a continuum distance-dependent dielectric constant). The results show

  14. Neural Networks ( ) Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minai, Ali A.

    Neural Networks ( ) ­ Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect Neural Networks journal is still not completely understood. Even the simplest movements such as reaching for a glass of water

  15. Physical Communication ( ) Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shi, Zhijie Jerry

    Physical Communication ( ) ­ Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect Physical at the ACM International Workshop on UnderWater Networks (WUWNet), Montréal, Québec, Canada, Sept. 2007 [24

  16. J. Parallel Distrib. Comput. 71 (2011) 10851097 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jie

    2011-01-01

    J. Parallel Distrib. Comput. 71 (2011) 1085­1097 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect J, water, medicine, and doctors to the survivors, we need to know where and how many of these things

  17. Pervasive and Mobile Computing 10 (2014) 203221 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ouhyoung, Ming

    2014-01-01

    Pervasive and Mobile Computing 10 (2014) 203­221 Contents lists available at Science quantities of water. This study discusses the results of a 10-week quantitative user study and qualitative

  18. Automatica 50 (2014) 16411648 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Tongwen

    2014-01-01

    Automatica 50 (2014) 1641­1648 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Automatica journal of Electronic and Computer Engineering, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon

  19. Fuel cell water transport

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vanderborgh, Nicholas E. (Los Alamos, NM); Hedstrom, James C. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1990-01-01

    The moisture content and temperature of hydrogen and oxygen gases is regulated throughout traverse of the gases in a fuel cell incorporating a solid polymer membrane. At least one of the gases traverses a first flow field adjacent the solid polymer membrane, where chemical reactions occur to generate an electrical current. A second flow field is located sequential with the first flow field and incorporates a membrane for effective water transport. A control fluid is then circulated adjacent the second membrane on the face opposite the fuel cell gas wherein moisture is either transported from the control fluid to humidify a fuel gas, e.g., hydrogen, or to the control fluid to prevent excess water buildup in the oxidizer gas, e.g., oxygen. Evaporation of water into the control gas and the control gas temperature act to control the fuel cell gas temperatures throughout the traverse of the fuel cell by the gases.

  20. Water Management in A PEMFC: Water Transport Mechanism and Material

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kandlikar, Satish

    , 2010; accepted October 09, 2011 1 Introduction Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) and the resulting drying and/or flooding in the constituent components. In current PEMFC technologies, water content flood, and block the pores of the CLs, GDLs, and gas chan- nels. Both a dry membrane and flooded

  1. In situ PEM fuel cell water measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borup, Rodney L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mukundan, Rangachary [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Davey, John R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Spendalow, Jacob S [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2008-01-01

    Efficient PEM fuel cell performance requires effective water management. The materials used, their durability, and the operating conditions under which fuel cells run, make efficient water management within a practical fuel cell system a primary challenge in developing commercially viable systems. We present experimental measurements of water content within operating fuel cells. in response to operational conditions, including transients and freezing conditions. To help understand the effect of components and operations, we examine water transport in operating fuel cells, measure the fuel cell water in situ and model the water transport within the fuel cell. High Frequency Resistance (HFR), AC Impedance and Neutron imaging (using NIST's facilities) were used to measure water content in operating fuel cells with various conditions, including current density, relative humidity, inlet flows, flow orientation and variable GDL properties. Ice formation in freezing cells was also monitored both during operation and shut-down conditions.

  2. Journal of Power Sources 196 (2011) 63566361 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    2011-01-01

    - ers [10]. To prevent these issues, the GDL is commonly treated with polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE to design modified GDLs for a more efficient water management. Effects of PTFE content, GDL thickness on the overall cell performance. Dai et al. [16] investigated the effects of PTFE content on the liquid and vapor

  3. Future Generation Computer Systems 25 (2009) 599616 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melbourne, University of

    2009-01-01

    Future Generation Computer Systems 25 (2009) 599­616 Contents lists available at Science that computing will one day be the 5th utility (after water, electricity, gas, and telephony). This computing of harnessing `Storage Clouds' for high performance content delivery. Finally, we conclude with the need

  4. The sulfur content of volcanic gases on Mars Fabrice Gaillard, a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    The sulfur content of volcanic gases on Mars Fabrice Gaillard, a and Bruno Scaillet1, a a CNRS sulfur contents of the martian regolith and lack of detection of extensive carbonate deposits suggest that the latest geological events that shaped the landscapes of Mars were dominated by acidic waters possibly

  5. Hill Climbing Algorithms for Content-Based Retrieval of Similar Configurations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papadias, Dimitris

    Hill Climbing Algorithms for Content-Based Retrieval of Similar Configurations Dimitris Papadias Department of Computer Science Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Clear Water Bay, Hong Kong +852 is an important form of content-based retrieval. Exhaustive processing (i.e., retrieval of the best solutions

  6. UNCORRECTED 2 Kernel-based distance metric learning for content-based image retrieval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yeung, Dit-Yan

    UNCORRECTED PROOF 1 2 Kernel-based distance metric learning for content-based image retrieval 3 and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong 5 Received 24 August 2005; received in revised form 16 images, the performance of a content-based image retrieval (CBIR) system 9 depends critically

  7. Impact of nitrogenous fertiliser-induced proton release on cultivated soils with contrasting carbonate contents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mailhes, Corinne

    carbonate contents: A column experiment Laure Gandois, Anne-Sophie Perrin, Anne Probst Universite´ de in car- bonated soils. Undisturbed soil columns containing different carbonate content were sampled includes leaching of NO3 to surface and ground water and eutrophication (e.g. Seitzinger and Kroeze, 1998

  8. Information and Computation 206 (2008) 11171125 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Yo-Sub

    2008-01-01

    Information and Computation 206 (2008) 1117­1125 Contents lists available at Science of Computer Science, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong-Block determinism We examine two generalizations of 1-deterministic regular languages that are used for the content

  9. Relaxational Metric Adaptation and Its Application to Semi-Supervised Clustering and Content-Based Image

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yeung, Dit-Yan

    Relaxational Metric Adaptation and Its Application to Semi-Supervised Clustering and Content of Science and Technology Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong William K. Cheung Department of Computer it to improve the performance of content-based image retrieval systems through metric adaptation. Experimental

  10. Visual Analysis of Weblog Content

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gregory, Michelle L.; Payne, Deborah A.; McColgin, Dave; Cramer, Nick O.; Love, Douglas V.

    2007-03-26

    In recent years, one of the advances of the World Wide Web is social media and one of the fastest growing aspects of social media is the blogosphere. Blogs make content creation easy and are highly accessible through web pages and syndication. With their growing influence, a need has arisen to be able to monitor the opinions and insight revealed within their content. In this paper we describe a technical approach for analyzing the content of blog data using a visual analytic tool, IN-SPIRE, developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. We highlight the capabilities of this tool that are particularly useful for information gathering from blog data.

  11. Title and Related Considerations in Conveying Kansas Water Rights

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peck, John C.

    1997-11-01

    stream_size 8 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name John C. Peck, Title and Related Considerations in Conveying Kansas Water Rights, 66 J. Kan. Bar Assoc. 38 (Nov. 1997).pdf.txt stream_source_info John C. Peck, Title and Related... Considerations in Conveying Kansas Water Rights, 66 J. Kan. Bar Assoc. 38 (Nov. 1997).pdf.txt Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 ...

  12. Water for Energy in the Eagle Ford 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finch, C.

    2013-01-01

    stream_source_info ESL-KT-13-12-44.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 3680 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name ESL-KT-13-12-44.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 Water and Hydraulic Fracturing... 12/18/2013 CATEE Conference San Antonio, TX Dr. Calvin Finch Texas A&M Water Conservation and Technology Center ESL-KT-13-12-44 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 ESL-KT-13-12-44 CATEE 2013: Clean...

  13. manipulating cytosolic PPi content can

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kronzucker, Herbert J.

    content and starch degradation during storage of tubers harvested from different potato varieties. Potato. et al. (1994) Possible involvement of abscisic acid, ethylene and phenolic acids in potato tuber

  14. Researcher explores economics of U.S. urban water demand 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2009-01-01

    stream_source_info Researcher explores economics of U.S. urban water demand.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 3811 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Researcher explores economics of U.S. urban water demand....pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 Story by Kathy Wythe tx H2O | pg. 24 Researcher explores economics of U.S. urban water demand Photo by: Danielle Supercinski tx H2O | pg. 25 With projected demands for future water supplies...

  15. SAN JOS STATE UNIVERSITY TABLE OF CONTENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, Xiao

    ................................................... B. Chilled Water ...................................... C. Natural Gas

  16. Environmental Flows in Water Availability Modeling 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wurbs, R.; Hoffpauir, R.

    2013-07-18

    Report No. 440 Texas Water Resources Institute The Texas A&M University System College Station, Texas 77843-2118 May 2013 TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter 1 Introduction..., and alternative variations thereof. The Brazos WAM is large and complex, providing opportunities to explore a number of issues involved in integrating environmental flow, water supply, flood control, hydropower, multiple-reservoir system operations, and other...

  17. Kansas Water Rights: Changes and Transfers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peck, John C.

    1988-07-01

    stream_size 9 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name John C. Peck, Kansas Water Rights - Changes and Transfers, 57 J. Kan. Bar Assoc. 21 (July 1988).pdf.txt stream_source_info John C. Peck, Kansas Water Rights - Changes...

  18. QER- Comment of American Water

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Dear QER Team; Thank you for the opportunity to provide comments to the Quadrennial Energy Review Task Force to discuss the water and energy nexus, advances in water innovative technologies, and the impact of climate change on water issues. On behalf of American Water, I wish to submit the following White Papers which we have prepared on these critical issues: Innovations in Energy Use Sustainability and Resiliency Planning for Water Utilities One Water Water/Energy Correlation The Value of Water Challenges in the Water Industry: Climate Change Challenges in the Water Industry: Meeting Demand in the West Innovation Solutions Within the Water Industry: Desalination Innovation Solutions Within the Water Industry: Going Green Innovation Solutions Within the Water Industry: Water Reuse Bridging the Water Innovation Gap. Founded in 1886, American Water is the largest publicly traded U.S. water and wastewater utility company. With headquarters in Voorhees, NJ, the company employs approximately 6,600 dedicated professionals who provide drinking water, wastewater and other related services to an estimated 14 million people in more than 40 states. Please feel free to contact me if you have any questions or if there is any way American Water can be helpful to your mission. Respectfully Yours, Martin (See attached file: White Papers.pdf) Martin D. Kerckhoff Vice President and Divisional General Counsel Central Division American Water CONFIDENTIAL & PRIVILEGED COMMUNICATION This email and any attachments hereto constitute a legally confidential communication from the Legal Department of American Water. The information contained herein is subject to attorney-client privilege and is for the sole use of the intended original addressee. If you are not the intended original addressee, you are hereby notified that any reading, disclosure, copying, distribution, use, or taking of any action in reliance on the contents contained herein is strictly prohibited. If you have received this message in error, please immediately notify us at 314.966.2241 and delete this message from your system. WARNING: Although American Water has taken reasonable precautions to ensure that no viruses are present in this email, it is the responsibility of the recipient to ensure that it is virus free. No responsibility is accepted by American Water for any loss or damage arising in any way from the receipt and/or use of this email.

  19. Water inventory management in condenser pool of boiling water reactor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gluntz, Douglas M. (San Jose, CA)

    1996-01-01

    An improved system for managing the water inventory in the condenser pool of a boiling water reactor has means for raising the level of the upper surface of the condenser pool water without adding water to the isolation pool. A tank filled with water is installed in a chamber of the condenser pool. The water-filled tank contains one or more holes or openings at its lowermost periphery and is connected via piping and a passive-type valve (e.g., squib valve) to a high-pressure gas-charged pneumatic tank of appropriate volume. The valve is normally closed, but can be opened at an appropriate time following a loss-of-coolant accident. When the valve opens, high-pressure gas inside the pneumatic tank is released to flow passively through the piping to pressurize the interior of the water-filled tank. In so doing, the initial water contents of the tank are expelled through the openings, causing the water level in the condenser pool to rise. This increases the volume of water available to be boiled off by heat conducted from the passive containment cooling heat exchangers. 4 figs.

  20. Water inventory management in condenser pool of boiling water reactor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gluntz, D.M.

    1996-03-12

    An improved system for managing the water inventory in the condenser pool of a boiling water reactor has means for raising the level of the upper surface of the condenser pool water without adding water to the isolation pool. A tank filled with water is installed in a chamber of the condenser pool. The water-filled tank contains one or more holes or openings at its lowermost periphery and is connected via piping and a passive-type valve (e.g., squib valve) to a high-pressure gas-charged pneumatic tank of appropriate volume. The valve is normally closed, but can be opened at an appropriate time following a loss-of-coolant accident. When the valve opens, high-pressure gas inside the pneumatic tank is released to flow passively through the piping to pressurize the interior of the water-filled tank. In so doing, the initial water contents of the tank are expelled through the openings, causing the water level in the condenser pool to rise. This increases the volume of water available to be boiled off by heat conducted from the passive containment cooling heat exchangers. 4 figs.

  1. J. Differential Equations 250 (2011) 690709 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Bin

    2011-01-01

    J. Differential Equations 250 (2011) 690­709 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Journal rotating shallow water system Bin Cheng, Chunjing Xie Department of Mathematics, University of Michigan secondary 76N10, 35L60 Keywords: Rotating shallow water system Classical solutions Global existence Klein

  2. Precambrian Research 224 (2013) 169183 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiaorui "Ray"

    2013-01-01

    Precambrian Research 224 (2013) 169­183 Contents lists available at SciVerse Science of autotrophic carbon fixation and aerobic decom- position in shallow-water environments, and increased remineralization by anaerobic heterotrophs in deeper-water environments. Correlation between organic carbon

  3. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 00: 110 (2011) Parametrizing the horizontal inhomogeneity of ice water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hogan, Robin

    2011-01-01

    ) Parametrizing the horizontal inhomogeneity of ice water content using CloudSat data products Peter G. Hilla quantities in the presence of a cloud it is necessary to know not only the mean water content, but also the distribution of this water content. This article describes a study of the in-cloud horizontal inhomogeneity

  4. EXTENSION WATER SUMMIT PRIORITY: WATER CONSERVATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slatton, Clint

    EXTENSION WATER SUMMIT PRIORITY: WATER CONSERVATION Leadership Team Subcommittee: Joan Bradshaw Michael Dukes Pierce Jones Kati Migliaccio #12;Water Conservation - Situation · Florida water supplies are used for agriculture, natural resources, salt water intrusion protection, drinking water, industry

  5. Water Balance, Salt Loading, and Salinity Control Options of Red Bluff Reservoir, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miyamoto, S.; Yuan, Fasong; Anand, Shilpa

    2007-01-01

    stream_source_info tr298.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 85293 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name tr298.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 TR- 298 2007 Water Balance, Salt Loading... Texas Water Resources Institute Texas A&M University WATER BALANCE, SALT LOADING, AND SALINITY CONTROL OPTIONS OF RED BLUFF RESERVOIR, TEXAS S. Miyamoto, Fasong Yuan, and Shilpa Anand...

  6. Ground Water Ground Sky Sky Water Vegetation Ground Vegetation Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Tsuhan

    Bear Snow Vegetation RhinoWater Vegetation Ground Water Ground Sky Sky Rhino Water Vegetation Ground Vegetation Water Rhino Water Vegetation Ground Rhino Water Rhino Water Ground Ground Vegetation Water Rhino Vegetation Rhino Vegetation Ground Rhino Vegetation Ground Sky Rhino Vegetation Ground Sky

  7. THINKING THESIS Table of Contents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    THINKING THESIS GUIDEBOOK #12;#12;Table of Contents Part One: Getting Started 1. What the Honors aides 5. Final Turn in of the Thesis Appendix I. Sample Title Page II. Honors Mentor Declaration Form on to better things. Theodore Roosevelt #12;#12;Honors College Thesis Requirements There are several forms

  8. OUTLOOK BYLAWS Table of Contents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OUTLOOK BYLAWS Table of Contents Article I - Legal Authority to Operate Article II - Scope-in-Chief and Responsible Director Article VIII - Funding of Outlook Article IX - Unused Funds Article X - Composition The publication of Outlook is authorized under a license granted to AUB by decision No. 113 issued by the Lebanese

  9. Table of Contents Executive Summary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    Table of Contents Page Executive Summary I. Introduction 1 Neutrino Oscillation Results from Solar and Atmospheric Neutrino Data 1 Tables 7 References 5 Figures 9 II. Overview of the Long Baseline Experiment 17 Magnetic Moment, Charge Radius, and Extra Z-bosons 261 VII. Cost and Schedule 265 Project schedule 267 Work

  10. Table of Contents INTRODUCTION 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Mahony, Donal E.

    #12;1 Table of Contents INTRODUCTION 2 SECTION ONE: PRINCIPLES OF GOOD PRACTICE 4 SECTION TWO, it offers a practical guide to staff and volunteers who work with children by outlining a number of fundamental principles of good practice, highlighting the key elements of each one and discussing the issues

  11. Supplemental Material Table of Contents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuchta, Shawn R.

    1 Supplemental Material Table of Contents Text on the multiple individuals per population phylogeny: pg 4 Supplemental Figure 1: Phylogram of U. stansburiana populations from the complete data set that included multiple individuals per population. pg 5 Supplemental Table 1: Population locations and years

  12. Student Handbook TABLE OF CONTENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horowitz, Leah S.

    1 Student Handbook 2014-2015 TABLE OF CONTENTS Comprehensive Nondiscrimination Statement 3 Sex Student Handbook Comprehensive Nondiscrimination Policy The provisions of this handbook of the services, programs or activities described in this handbook. The most up-to-date handbook can be found

  13. HOUSING POLICY Table of Contents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HOUSING POLICY Table of Contents Housing Policy Housing Rules and Regulations Appendix I contact: policies@aub.edu.lb. Last updated on: August 14, 2014 #12;HOUSING POLICY Section 1 - Policy Section 2 - Housing Purchase Plan (HPP) Section 3 - Procedure for the Implementation of the Housing

  14. Contents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a crucial insight of Je Smith that external smash products can be internalized. We show that each category of generalized FSP's is isomorphic to the category of.

  15. Contents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modeling the invasion and spread of contagious diseases in heterogeneous populations; Wayne M. Getz, James O. Lloyd-Smith, Paul C. Cross, Shirli Bar-

  16. CONTENTS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Chapter 3.0 - CRITICAL, SPECIAL, & ENGINEERED LIFTS March 21, 2013 Rev 1 Page 4 6. Two mobile cranes are lifting the load and the load share equals more than 70% of one or both...

  17. Contents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit the followingConcentrating Department of Energy'sContango in Cushing?Program

  18. CONTENTS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B LReports from the CloudGEGR-N Goods PO 1 of 8 GE4,

  19. CONTENTS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B LReports from the CloudGEGR-N Goods PO 1 of 8 GE4, Volume 2,

  20. CONTENTS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B LReports from the CloudGEGR-N Goods PO 1 of 8 GE4, Volume 2,

  1. CONTENTS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B LReports from the CloudGEGR-N Goods PO 1 of 8 GE4, Volume 2,8.0 -

  2. Contents

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4) AugustA. Geographic Available for® ALOHA A R E A L L

  3. Contents

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p aDepartmentEnergy comparingDeep Vadose Zone - Applied

  4. contents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorkingLos AlamosSimulation Initiative7 Boundarycontainers | National

  5. The Moving Contact Line in a Shallow Water Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bridson, Robert

    The Moving Contact Line in a Shallow Water Model by Albert C. Wong B.Sc., The University of British with a shallow water model allowing us to track the contact line of the fluid in the shallow water model equation approach. ii #12;Table of Contents Abstract

  6. Page 1 of 62 Redesigning Khardi Rural Piped Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Damani, Om P.

    Page 1 of 62 Redesigning Khardi Rural Piped Water Network Scheme for Sustainability Authors: Varsha #12;Page 2 of 62 Table of Contents Redesigning Khardi Multi Village Rural Piped Water Scheme ..................................................................................................................12 2.1 Source, Raw Water Pumping and Treatment

  7. Recovery of carboxylic acids from water by precipitation from organic solutions

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    King, C. Judson (Kensington, CA); Starr, John (Albany, CA)

    1992-01-01

    Carboxylic acids are recovered from wet organic solutions by reducing the solutions' water content thus causing the acids to precipitate as recoverable crystals.

  8. Computerized Waters 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2006-01-01

    supply diversions, several hydroelectric plants and numerous environ- mental instream flow requirements. Each of these active permits is included in the datasets. Besides the commission using the WAM/WRAP modeling system in water rights permiting... actions be consistent with relevant regional plans. River authorities, water districts and other water management organizations are beginning to use the WRAP model in operational planning studies to optimize operations of their facilities...

  9. Water resources data for New Hampshire and Vermont, water year 1995. Water-data report (Annual), 1 October 1994-30 September 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hammond, R.E.; Coakley, M.F.; Keirstead, C.; Kiah, R.G.

    1996-07-01

    Water-resources data for the 1995 water year for New Hampshire and Vermont consists of stage, discharge, and water quality of streams; contents of lakes and reservoirs; and ground-water levels. The report contains discharge records for 72 gaging stations, stage records for 5 lakes, monthend contents for 23 lakes and reservoirs, water quality for 9 gaging stations and water levels for 26 observation wells. Also included are data for 18 crest-stage partial-record stations. Additional water data were collected at various sites, not part of the systematic data-collection program and are published as miscellaneous measurements. A few pertinent stations in bordering states are also included in the report. These data represent that portion of the National Water Data System operated by the U.S. Geological Survey and cooperating State and Federal agencies in New Hampshire and Vermont.

  10. In situ PEM fuel cell water measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borup, Rodney L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mukundan, Rangachary [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Davey, John R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Spendelow, Jacob S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hussey, Daniel S [NIST; Jacobson, David L [NIST; Arif, Muhammad [NIST

    2009-01-01

    Efficient PEM (Polymer Electrolyte Membrane) fuel cell performance requires effective water management. To achieve a deeper understanding of water transport and performance issues associated with water management, we have conducted in situ water examinations to help understand the effects of components and operations. High Frequency Resistance (HFR), AC Impedance and Neutron imaging were used to measure water content in operating fuel cells, with various conditions, including current density, relative humidity, inlet flows, flow orientation and variable Gas Diffusion Layer (GDL) properties. High resolution neutron radiography was used to image fuel cells during a variety of conditions. The effect of specific operating conditions, including flow direction (co-flow or counter-flow) was examined. Counter-flow operation was found to result in higher water content than co-flow operation, which correlates to lower membrane resistivity. A variety of cells were used to quantify the membrane water in situ during exposure to saturated gases, during fuel cell operation, and during hydrogen pump operation. The quantitative results show lower membrane water content than previous results suggested.

  11. 1. The 600 pound pumpkin had 99% water. This implies that it had 594 pounds of water. Let x be the weight of the pumpkin after it loses water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacDonald, John

    1. The 600 pound pumpkin had 99% water. This implies that it had 594 pounds of water. Let x be the weight of the pumpkin after it loses water and has 98.5% percent water. Then, we have that 1.5% of x = 6 surface in Beti's cup and hb be the depth after half of Alphonse's cup's contents have been transferred

  12. The energy-water tug of war: Drought exacerbates the paradox of efficiently producing energy while conserving water 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalisek, Danielle

    2011-01-01

    ,? Webber said. ?If it?s drought from a heat wave, we might see rolling blackouts, and we might see power price spikes.? Webber?s and Stillwell?s research focuses on analyzing power plant cooling technologies for mitigating water management challenges... stream_source_info The energy-water tug of war.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 8445 Content-Encoding windows-1252 stream_name The energy-water tug of war.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=windows-1252...

  13. Robust Content-Based MPEG-4 XMT Scene Structure Authentication and Multimedia Content Location

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ottawa, University of

    18 Robust Content-Based MPEG-4 XMT Scene Structure Authentication and Multimedia Content Location-based MPEG-4 XMT standard. XMT allows content authors to exchange their content with other authors, tools-4 XMT structure and its media content. Unlike images or videos, watermarking an XMT structure

  14. ARM - PI Product - Large Scale Ice Water Path and 3-D Ice Water Content

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Comments?govInstrumentsnoaacrnBarrow, Alaska OutreachCalendar NSA RelatedInhibitionProductsIn-SituProductsLarge

  15. Page 1 of 10 SWS 5234: ENVIRONMENTAL SOIL, WATER, AND LAND USE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    Page 1 of 10 SWS 5234: ENVIRONMENTAL SOIL, WATER, AND LAND USE: SYLLABUS AND SCHEDULE 2012 Table of Contents SWS 5234: Environmental Soil, Water, and Land Use: Syllabus and Schedule 2012 ........... 1: .................................................................................................................... 3 DISTANCE EDUCATION PARTICIPATION

  16. Development of Self-Interrogation Neutron Resonance Densitometry (SINRD) to Measure the Fissile Content in Nuclear Fuel 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lafleur, Adrienne

    2011-10-21

    Resonance Densitometry (SINRD) has been developed to improve existing nuclear safeguards and material accountability measurements. The following characteristics of SINRD were analyzed: (1) ability to measure the fissile content in Light Water Reactors (LWR...

  17. www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/330/6009/1408/DC1 Supporting Online Material for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cottrell, Garrison W.

    www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/330/6009/1408/DC1 Supporting Online Material for Paradoxical-90% of their free feeding weight, except during recovery from surgery where food was available ad libitum. Water

  18. Future Generation Computer Systems 29 (2013) 472487 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sakellariou, Rizos

    2013-01-01

    Future Generation Computer Systems 29 (2013) 472­487 Contents lists available at SciVerse Science or water [1]. For the underlying infrastructure this means that it has to deal with dynamic load changes

  19. International Journal of Approximate Reasoning 54 (2013) 560572 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Nevin L.

    2013-01-01

    International Journal of Approximate Reasoning 54 (2013) 560­572 Contents lists available at Sci University of Science & Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong c EMC Labs China, Beijing, China A R

  20. www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/314/5805/1585/DC1 Supporting Online Material for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winfree, Erik

    www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/314/5805/1585/DC1 Supporting Online Material for Enzyme solutions were prepared at a concentration of 50 µM in ultra pure water (purified by a Milli-Q system

  1. Computer-Aided Design 44 (2012) 12351252 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mount, David

    2012-01-01

    Computer-Aided Design 44 (2012) 1235­1252 Contents lists available at SciVerse Science and Logistics Management, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong b

  2. Future Generation Computer Systems 29 (2013) 10121023 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melbourne, University of

    2013-01-01

    Future Generation Computer Systems 29 (2013) 1012­1023 Contents lists available at SciVerse Science (e.g., water, electricity and gas). The three main services are provided by the Cloud computing ar

  3. Marvell NanoLab Member login Lab Manual Contents MercuryWeb Berkeley Microlab Chapter 1.3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Irvine, University of

    Marvell NanoLab Member login Lab Manual Contents MercuryWeb Berkeley Microlab Chapter 1.3 Table of Contents (Click on MOD to go to the appropriate section.) Wafer Cleaning MOD1 Standard Wafer Cleaning (quick dump rinse, DI water tank) at the station. (3) Immerse wafers in hot piranha for 10 minutes

  4. Content-Based Retrieval using Heuristic Search Dimitris Papadias, Marios Mantzourogiannis, Panos Kalnis, Nikos Mamoulis, Ishfaq Ahmad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papadias, Dimitris

    Content-Based Retrieval using Heuristic Search Dimitris Papadias, Marios Mantzourogiannis, Panos and Technology Clear Water Bay, Hong Kong +852-23586971 http://www.cs.ust.hk/{~dimitris, ~mantzour, ~kalnis of content-based retrieval where similarity is not defined on visual properties such as color and texture

  5. US China CERC Energy and Water - Funding Opportunity Announcement...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    is the Office of International Affairs. The topics solicited in the FOA build on the contents of The Water-Energy Nexus: Challenge and Opportunities, which DOE issued in June...

  6. Spent Nuclear Fuel Self-Induced XRF to Predict Pu to U Content 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stafford, Alissa Sarah

    2010-10-12

    Los Alamos National Laboratory LEGe Low Energy Germanium Detector LWR Light Water Reactor MC&A Material Control and Accountability MCNP Monte Carlo N?Particle NDA Nondestructive Assay NRC Nuclear Regulatory Committee NRF... measurements would not reflect the Pu to U ratio measured results. Also, for LWR fuel the Pu content is ~1% whereas for fast reactor fuel the Pu content may be 40%. Bushuev?s work showed that distinguishing Pu x-rays in the spent fuel gamma spectrum...

  7. Alexandria Digital Library Project Content Access Characterization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janée, Greg

    Alexandria Digital Library Project Content Access Characterization in Digital Libraries Greg Janée · James Frew · David Valentine University of California, Santa Barbara #12;Alexandria Digital Library environments e.g., GIS #12;Alexandria Digital Library Project Janée, Frew, Valentine · Content Access

  8. Energy.gov Content Management System

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy.gov Content Management SystemEERE's websites are hosted in Energy.gov's Drupal content management system (CMS), which is maintained by the U.S. Department of Energy's Public Affairs Office.

  9. Water Privatisation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zölls, Elisa

    2011-08-17

    This dissertation deals with the policy issues of large-scale, urban water privatisation projects in the face of uncertainty and variability. The main objective is to evaluate whether a single policy approach, namely privatisation associated...

  10. Grabbing Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reis, Pedro Miguel

    We introduce a novel technique for grabbing water with a flexible solid. This new passive pipetting mechanism was inspired by floating flowers and relies purely on the coupling of the elasticity of thin plates and the ...

  11. Water Rights Analysis Package (WRAP) Daily Modeling System 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wurbs, R.; Hoffpauir, R.

    2012-10-01

    Modeling System TR-430 Texas Water Resources Institute College Station, Texas August 2012 by Ralph A. Wurbs and Richard J. Hoffpauir Texas A&M University Water Rights Analysis Package (WRAP) Daily Modeling System...-9-89809 (2008-2011) Contract 582-12-10220 (2011-2013) Technical Report No. 430 Texas Water Resources Institute The Texas A&M University System College Station, Texas 77843-2118 August 2012 ii iii TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter 1 Water...

  12. TABLE OF CONTENTS: Building Executive Definition.......................................................................3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capogna, Luca

    #12;TABLE OF CONTENTS: Building Executive Definition.......................................................................3 Building Executives Areas of Responsibilities ...................................................................................5 Building Safety and Security Issues

  13. Optimal Rate Allocation in Overlay Content Distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Baochun

    Optimal Rate Allocation in Overlay Content Distribution Chuan Wu and Baochun Li Department. This paper addresses the optimal rate allocation problem in overlay content distribution for efficient, these scenarios reflect the contrast between elastic and streaming content distribution, with either per

  14. Water Resources Policy & Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buehrer, R. Michael

    Water Resources Policy & Economics FOR 4984 Selected Course Topics · Appropriative and riparian water institutions · Incentives for conservation · Water rights for in-stream environmental use · Surface water-groundwater management · Water quality regulations · Water markets · Economic and policy

  15. Do Plants Sweat? Core Content

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kessler, Bruce

    in the bright sun and others are grouped together and are regularly sprinkled with water. You begin to wonder plant distribution where you see this principle in action? -Can you predict the effect of seasons data/graph] Three plants are grown in the same greenhouse with the same air temperature, amount

  16. Water Heaters and Hot Water Distribution Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutz, Jim

    2012-01-01

    24 Figure 7. Comparison of Daily Water Heater28 Figure 8. Monitored Field Efficiency of Tankless Water28 Figure 9. Monitored Lab Efficiency of Tankless Water

  17. Content of system design descriptions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-10-01

    A System Design Description (SDD) describes the requirements and features of a system. This standard provides guidance on the expected technical content of SDDs. The need for such a standard was recognized during efforts to develop SDDs for safety systems at DOE Hazard Category 2 nonreactor nuclear facilities. Existing guidance related to the corresponding documents in other industries is generally not suitable to meet the needs of DOE nuclear facilities. Across the DOE complex, different contractors have guidance documents, but they vary widely from site to site. While such guidance documents are valuable, no single guidance document has all the attributes that DOE considers important, including a reasonable degree of consistency or standardization. This standard is a consolidation of the best of the existing guidance. This standard has been developed with a technical content and level of detail intended to be most applicable to safety systems at DOE Hazard Category 2 nonreactor nuclear facilities. Notwithstanding that primary intent, this standard is recommended for other systems at such facilities, especially those that are important to achieving the programmatic mission of the facility. In addition, application of this standard should be considered for systems at other facilities, including non-nuclear facilities, on the basis that SDDs may be beneficial and cost-effective.

  18. www.barrandwray.com Barr + Wray 2013 The Treatment of Scottish Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    or Spring. Sea Water e.g. Desal. of Marine & Brackish. Rain Water Harvesting. Recovery of Treated Wastewaterwww.barrandwray.com © Barr + Wray 2013 The Treatment of Scottish Water for Private Communities + Wray 2013 Contents B+W Overview Our Approach Water Sources Treatment Decision Trees Case Study

  19. hat water you're drinking --or sprinkling onto your flowers, or

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    hat water you're drinking -- or sprinkling onto your flowers, or using to irrigate your crops water is to send a sample to a laboratory to be analyzed. The lab will test the water and send you a report about its contents. Water analysis is con- ducted by governmental agencies and by private

  20. EARTH'S DEEP WATER CYCLE Steven D. Jacobsen and Suzan van der Lee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Lee, Suzan

    CONTENTS EARTH'S DEEP WATER CYCLE Preface Steven D. Jacobsen and Suzan van der Lee I. Overviews Nominally Anhydrous Minerals and Earth's Deep Water Cycle Joseph R. Smyth and Steven D. Jacobsen Seismological Constraints on Earth's Deep Water Cycle Suzan van der Lee and Doug Wiens II. Water Storage

  1. WHOLE-STEM WATER RELTIONS IN WHITE OAK (QUERCUS ALBA L.) CAROL ELAINE GORANSON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teskey, Robert O.

    WHOLE-STEM WATER RELTIONS IN WHITE OAK (QUERCUS ALBA L.) by CAROL ELAINE GORANSON (Under and release water for transpiration, heartwood has never been considered to be a water storage reservoir. This research project investigated diurnal and seasonal changes in heartwood water content of white oak (Quercus

  2. Influence of Water Availability during Incubation on Hatchling Size, Body Composition, Desiccation Tolerance, and Terrestrial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finkler, Michael S.

    714 Influence of Water Availability during Incubation on Hatchling Size, Body Composition The effects of water availability during incubation on the water contents of neonatal snapping turtles in hatchlings with greater water availability dur- ing incubation may enhance survival by increasing the amount

  3. Electrochemical chlorination for purifying domestic water supplies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peters, Joseph Ludwig

    1973-01-01

    ELECTROCHEMICAL CHLORINATION FOR PURIFYING DOMESTIC WATER SUPPLIES A Thesis by JOSEPH LUDWIG PETERS' JR' Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... December 1973 Major Subject: Agricultural Engineering ELECTROCHEMICAL CHLORINATION FOR PURIFYING DOMESTIC WATER SUPPLIES A Thesis JOSEPH LUDWIG PETERS, JR. Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) ( ead of epartm nt) (Member...

  4. Oil removal from water via adsorption 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobs, William Edward

    1973-01-01

    WILLIAM EDWARD JACOBS 1974 OIL REMOVAL FROM WATER VIA ADSORPTION A Thesis by WILLIAM EDWARD JACOBS Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... December 1973 Major Subject: Civil Engineering OIL REMOVAL FROM WATER VIA ADSORPTION A Thesis by WILLIAM EDWARD JACOBS Approved as to style and content by: C airman of Committee ea o Department m er Member Memb December 1973 ABSTRACT Oil...

  5. Arnold Schwarzenegger WATER HEATERS AND HOT WATER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor WATER HEATERS AND HOT WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS;#12;Appendices Appendix A. Multifamily Water Heating Construction Practices, Pricing and Availability Survey Report Appendix B. Multifamily Water Heating Controls Performance Field Report Appendix C. Pipe

  6. Water Heaters and Hot Water Distribution Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutz, Jim

    2012-01-01

    in order to reduce the water and energy wasted in hot waterhot water) and 17% if hot water energy is included. The datafrom the delivered hot water energy of 66% to provide the

  7. Simulation of water transport in heated rock salt

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schlich, M.; Jockwer, N.

    1986-01-01

    This paper summarizes computer simulation studies on water transport in German rock salt. Based on JOCKWERS experimental investigations on water content and water liberation, the object of these studies was to select a water transport model, that matches the water inflow which was measured in some heater experiments in the Asse Salt Mine. The main result is, that an evaporation front model, with Knudsen-type vapor transport combined with fluid transport by thermal expansion of the adsorbed water layers in the non evaporated zone, showed the best agreement with experimental evidence.

  8. Water Resources Data Ohio: Water year 1994. Volume 1, Ohio River Basin excluding Project Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1994-12-31

    The Water Resources Division of the US Geological Survey (USGS) in cooperation with State agencies, obtains a large amount of data each water year (a water year is the 12-month period from October 1 through September 30 and is identified by the calendar year in which it ends) pertaining to the water resources of Ohio. These data, accumulated during many years, constitute a valuable data base for developing an improved understanding of the water resources of the State. To make these data readily available to interested parties outside the USGS, they are published annually in this report series entitled ``Water Resources Data--Ohio.`` This report (in two volumes) includes records on surface water and ground water in the State. Specifically, it contains: (1) Discharge records for streamflow-gaging stations, miscellaneous sites, and crest-stage stations; (2) stage and content records for streams, lakes, and reservoirs; (3) water-quality data for streamflow-gaging stations, wells, synoptic sites, and partial-record sit -aid (4) water-level data for observation wells. Locations of lake-and streamflow-gaging stations, water-quality stations, and observation wells for which data are presented in this volume are shown in figures 8a through 8b. The data in this report represent that part of the National Water Data System collected by the USGS and cooperating State and Federal agencies in Ohio. This series of annual reports for Ohio began with the 1961 water year with a report that contained only data relating to the quantities of surface water. For the 1964 water year, a similar report was introduced that contained only data relating to water quality. Beginning with the 1975 water year, the report was changed to present (in two or three volumes) data on quantities of surface water, quality of surface and ground water, and ground-water levels.

  9. Designing Flat Mail --Contents Publication 63, May 1995

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, Benjamin

    Designing Flat Mail -- Contents Publication 63, May 1995 CONTENTS 1. OVERVIEW 2. UNDERSTANDING FLAT ­ POSTAL BUSINESS CENTERS #12;Publication 63, Designing Flat Mail (May 1995) Contents 1-- Overview

  10. Web Content Analysis and Inventories: Template and FY 2014 Inventory...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Content Analysis and Inventories: Template and FY 2014 Inventory Web Content Analysis and Inventories: Template and FY 2014 Inventory A content inventory and analysis will help...

  11. Pervasive and Mobile Computing 8 (2012) 82102 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fogarty, James A.

    2012-01-01

    Pervasive and Mobile Computing 8 (2012) 82­102 Contents lists available at SciVerse Science Disaggregated water sensing from a single, pressure-based sensor: An extended analysis of HydroSense using-mediated sensing Activity sensing Sensors Water usage a b s t r a c t We present an extended analysis of our

  12. Grabbing water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. M. Reis; J. Hure; S. Jung; J. W. M. Bush; C. Clanet

    2012-07-16

    We introduce a novel technique for grabbing water with a flexible solid. This new passive pipetting mechanism was inspired by floating flowers and relies purely on the coupling of the elasticity of thin plates and the hydrodynamic forces at the liquid interface. Developing a theoretical model has enabled us to design petal-shaped objects with maximum grabbing capacity.

  13. Table of Contents Producing Hydrogen................1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Biomass Gasification.......................10 Thermochemical Production ........................11 Water in its molecular form. It must be produced from other sources or "feedstocks" such as water, biomass

  14. Water in the West

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fahlund, Andrew; Choy, Min L. Janny; Szeptycki, Leon

    2014-01-01

    faced with the imperative that water is vital to all life onChoy* and Leon Szeptycki Water in the West Keywords: climategreen infrastructure; water; water-energy; water governance;

  15. Enabling better water management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenslade, Diana

    CASE STUDY Enabling better water management Seasonal Streamflow Forecast Service influencing water decisions Water management decisions made with confidence Using the Bureau's streamflow forecasting, ACTEW Water confidently removed temporary water restrictions after the millennium drought. Millennium drought

  16. Clean Water Act Section 401 Water Quality Certification: A Water...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Clean Water Act Section 401 Water Quality Certification: A Water Quality Protection Tool for States and Tribes Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library...

  17. Clean Water Act Section 401 Water Quality Certification A Water...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Clean Water Act Section 401 Water Quality Certification A Water Quality Protection Tool for States and Tribes Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library...

  18. The Kansas Water Appropriation Act - A Fifty-Year Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peck, John C.

    1995-07-01

    stream_size 1034 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name John C. Peck, The Kansas Water Appropriations Act - A Fifty-Year Perspective, 43 U. Kan. L. Rev. 735 (1994-1995).pdf.txt stream_source_info John C. Peck, The Kansas Water...

  19. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF NEWFOUNDLAND DRINKING WATER SOURCES CONTAINING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coles, Cynthia

    is found. The current cost of digging a new well or treating the water in the existing well is almost equal. However, in digging a new well there is the risk that the new source will also be contaminated. Data/l. However, As contents exceeding this level have been detected in many wells and some small surface water

  20. Assessing Urban Residential Irrigation Performance Using a Water Budget Approach 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Alan Christopher

    2014-12-16

    Systems HOA Homeowners Association IR Irrigation Requirement SFR Single-Family Residential TWDB Texas Water Development Board TWRI Texas Water Resources Institute USGS United States Geological Survey vi TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ABSTRACT... ........................................................................................................................ 18 Figure 4. College Station neighborhoods and the number of SFR lots selected for study of irrigation performance ........................................................................................ 19 Figure 5. Close-up of GIS layers...

  1. 7 Predictive Risk Mapping of Water Table Depths in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camara, Gilberto

    73 7 Predictive Risk Mapping of Water Table Depths in a Brazilian Cerrado Area R. L. Manzione, M extend from the northern margins of the Amazon rain for- ests to outliers on the southern borders metabolize throughout the year, drawing on soil water reserves, and can withstand short-lived fires. contents

  2. NOAA Water Level and Meteorological Data Report HURRICANE SANDY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NOAA Water Level and Meteorological Data Report HURRICANE SANDY Silver Spring, Maryland January 24 Report HURRICANE SANDY Colleen Fanelli, Paul Fanelli, David Wolcott January 24, 2013 noaa National, Richard Edwing #12;NOAA NOS Hurricane Sandy Water Level & Meteorological Data Report 1 Table of Contents

  3. INSTRUMENTATION OF VIDEO GAME SOFTWARE TO SUPPORT AUTOMATED CONTENT ANALYSES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katchabaw, Michael James

    INSTRUMENTATION OF VIDEO GAME SOFTWARE TO SUPPORT AUTOMATED CONTENT ANALYSES T. Bullen and M, automated content analysis, software instrumentation, Unreal Engine. ABSTRACT Content analysis of video content analyses for video games through the use of software instrumentation. By properly instrumenting

  4. STRATEGIC RESEARCH PLAN TABLE OF CONTENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kavanagh, Karen L.

    SFU STRATEGIC RESEARCH PLAN 2010-2015 #12;TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction........................................................................................ 2 Major Objectives of the Strategic Research Plan (SRP.................................................................................................27 Impact of the Strategic Research Plan

  5. GIS DEVELOPMENT GUIDE Table of Contents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghelli, Giorgio

    GIS DEVELOPMENT GUIDE Volume II Table of Contents SURVEY OF AVAILABLE DATA Introduction ...................................................................................13 EVALUATING GIS HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE Introduction ...................................................................................14 Sources of Information About GIS......................................................14 GIS

  6. Standard Format and Content for Emergency Plans

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1997-08-21

    This volume addresses recommended emergency plan format and content for Operational Emergency Base Programs and Operational Emergency Hazardous Material Programs. Canceled by DOE G 151.1-3.

  7. Energy.gov Content Management System Webforms

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    For Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) websites, Energy.gov's content management system (CMS) has the ability to create webforms.

  8. 2011 Annual Report Table of Contents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) ...................12 Smart Grid Cyber Security.....................................................13 ICT Supply ChainComputer Security Division 2011 Annual Report #12;Table of Contents Welcome ................................................................. 1 Division Organization .................................................2 The Computer Security

  9. Training Program Content, 4/10/95

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The objective of this surveillance is to evaluate the effectiveness of the contractor's program for establishing the content of training programs.  The process to be evaluated includes (1)...

  10. Review: Prof Slipchenko's class, Fall 2013 Contents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-10-10

    REVIEW. Yingwei Wang. October 10, 2013. Review: Prof Slipchenko's class, Fall 2013. Contents. 1 Hartree energy. 2. 2 Many-body system. 2.

  11. Journal of Power Sources 195 (2010) 67486757 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mench, Matthew M.

    2010-01-01

    ]), and are useful to understand the competing phenomena of water removal in PEFC DM. The ultimate goal of this work is known to impede cold start operation and decrease durability of polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFC of the overall stored liquid content in a PEFC is known to reside in the dif- fusion media, very few studies have

  12. Journal of Power Sources 195 (2010) 34633471 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mench, Matthew M.

    2010-01-01

    , electrical and two-phase mass transport in a polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC). However, there is scant storage capacity (approximately 6­18% of the total water content in a PEFC [37]) along this interface of the interfacial transport in PEFCs. 1. Introduction The growing interest in the usage of fuel cell power systems

  13. Journal of Power Sources 195 (2010) 41964205 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mench, Matthew M.

    2010-01-01

    the micro-porous layer (MPL) and the catalyst layer (CL) on the polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs). In order to achieve these improvements, a deeper under- standing of local up to 6­18% of total water content in PEFC under normal operating condition. A study by Hartnig et al

  14. Cleaner, Safer Water through Water Safety Plans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CS232615A Cleaner, Safer Water through Water Safety Plans National Center for Environmental Health (NCEH) Global Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Team's Water Safety Plan Assistance 1.5 million deaths occur globally every year due to a lack of clean water, inadequate sanitation, and improper hygiene (1

  15. Ground water provides drinking water, irrigation for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    they join tributaries to the Mississippi River. · The deep ground water divide is the underground boundary Deep ground water divide Racine Kenosha Walworth Waukesha Washington Ozaukee Milwaukee LAKE MICHIGANGround water provides drinking water, irrigation for crops and water for indus- tries. It is also

  16. From Image Analysis to Content Extraction: Are We There Yet?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Tsuhan

    From Image Analysis to Content Extraction: Are We There Yet? From Image Analysis to Content~2008 #12;Signal vs. ContentSignal vs. Content #12;Tsuhan Chen [Baker and Kanade] What is "content"?What is "content"? populationworldhistoryhuman36524606030 ××××××>> Number of all possible 16×12 images 81216 2

  17. Water Heaters and Hot Water Distribution Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutz, Jim

    2012-01-01

    8 Assess California’s Small Gas Storage Water HeaterAssess California’s Small Gas Storage Water Heater Marketassess California’s small gas storage water heater market.

  18. Water Quality

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAbout /Two0Photos and Videos/01/2012 Page 1Water Power

  19. Efficient Water Use & Management

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Water Use Goal 4: Efficient Water Use & Management Aware of the arid climate of northern New Mexico, water reduction and conservation remains a primary concern at LANL. Energy...

  20. Saving Water Saves Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMahon, James E.; Whitehead, Camilla Dunham; Biermayer, Peter

    2006-01-01

    P. Potential Water and Energy Savings from Showerheads,Saving Water Saves Energy James E. McMahon, Camilla Dunhamavailable products. The energy savings associated with water

  1. Water and Energy Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMahon, James E.

    2013-01-01

    paper describing produced water from production of crudeEmerging Issues Paper: Mine Water Pollution. Dep. Environ.40. Vine G. 2010. Cooling water issues and opportunities at

  2. Terrestrial Water Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodell, M; Chambers, D P; Famiglietti, Jay

    2013-01-01

    with Subantarctic Mode Water. J. Geophys. Res. , 116,Global Climate] Stratospheric water vapor [in “State of the18 2. Total column water

  3. Storm Water Analytical Period

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Individual Permit Storm Water Analytical Period Storm Water Analytical Period The Individual Permit authorizes the discharge of storm water associated with historical industrial...

  4. Water in the West

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fahlund, Andrew; Choy, Min L. Janny; Szeptycki, Leon

    2014-01-01

    connections between water and energy, advances in knowledgeimportant nexus between water and energy. The demand fortwo reports on the water and energy nexus highlighting the

  5. Saving Water Saves Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMahon, James E.; Whitehead, Camilla Dunham; Biermayer, Peter

    2006-01-01

    P. Potential Water and Energy Savings from Showerheads,shorter showers). Water- and energy- conserving activitiesstress imposed on limited water (and energy) supplies from

  6. This article was downloaded by:[EBSCOHost EJS Content Distribution] [EBSCOHost EJS Content Distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuan, May

    This article was downloaded by:[EBSCOHost EJS Content Distribution] [EBSCOHost EJS Content Distribution] On: 24 April 2007 Access Details: [subscription number 768320842] Publisher: Taylor & Francis://www.informaworld.com/smpp/title~content=t713599799 A framework to enhance semantic flexibility for analysis of distributed phenomena J. Mc

  7. Protecting waters of recreational and ecological significance: an analysis of state practices 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darrow, Jeff T.

    1995-01-01

    and content by: Dr. Ronald A. Kaiser, Chair of Advisory Committee Dr. Carlton S. Van Doren, Committee Member Dr. David M. Pugh, Committee Member December, 1995 Abstract Protecting water quality for recreational purposes is an important goal of the Clean... Water Act. A little known and seldom used provision of the Act, termed the "outstanding national resource water" [ONRW] section provides a significant means for protecting water quality. Basically, ONRW's are waters of "outstanding recreational...

  8. CONTENT KNOWLEDGE (Declarative Knowledge): Graduates in Geography will understand basic concepts and theories in the spatial analysis of humanenvironmental systems as emphasized in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    CONTENT KNOWLEDGE (Declarative Knowledge): Graduates in Geography will understand basic concepts: physical environment of South Florida, cultural landscape, water resources, coastal hazards, environmental together many of the techniques, methods, theories and pertinent literature of the discipline of geography

  9. Recovery of Water from Boiler Flue Gas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edward Levy; Harun Bilirgen; Kwangkook Jeong; Michael Kessen; Christopher Samuelson; Christopher Whitcombe

    2008-09-30

    This project dealt with use of condensing heat exchangers to recover water vapor from flue gas at coal-fired power plants. Pilot-scale heat transfer tests were performed to determine the relationship between flue gas moisture concentration, heat exchanger design and operating conditions, and water vapor condensation rate. The tests also determined the extent to which the condensation processes for water and acid vapors in flue gas can be made to occur separately in different heat transfer sections. The results showed flue gas water vapor condensed in the low temperature region of the heat exchanger system, with water capture efficiencies depending strongly on flue gas moisture content, cooling water inlet temperature, heat exchanger design and flue gas and cooling water flow rates. Sulfuric acid vapor condensed in both the high temperature and low temperature regions of the heat transfer apparatus, while hydrochloric and nitric acid vapors condensed with the water vapor in the low temperature region. Measurements made of flue gas mercury concentrations upstream and downstream of the heat exchangers showed a significant reduction in flue gas mercury concentration within the heat exchangers. A theoretical heat and mass transfer model was developed for predicting rates of heat transfer and water vapor condensation and comparisons were made with pilot scale measurements. Analyses were also carried out to estimate how much flue gas moisture it would be practical to recover from boiler flue gas and the magnitude of the heat rate improvements which could be made by recovering sensible and latent heat from flue gas.

  10. Drinking Water Standards 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dozier, Monty; McFarland, Mark L.

    2006-04-26

    This publication explains the federal safety standards for drinking water provided by public water supply systems. It discusses the legal requirements for public water supplies, the maximum level allowed for contaminants in the water...

  11. Drinking Water Problems: Nitrates 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dozier, Monty; Melton, Rebecca; Hare, Michael; Hopkins, Janie; Lesikar, Bruce J.

    2008-03-28

    at http://ag.arizona.edu/pubs/water/ az9420.pdf. ?Drinking Water Treatment: Distillation.? Nebraska Cooperative Extension. Available at http://ianrpubs. unl.edu/water/g1493.htm. ?Electrodyalisis.? GE Infrastructure Water & Process Technologies. General...

  12. Perturbed Physics Ensemble Simulations of Cirrus on the Cloud System-resolving Scale

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muhlbauer, Andreas; Berry, Elizabeth; Comstock, Jennifer M.; Mace, Gerald G.

    2014-04-16

    In this study, the effect of uncertainties in the parameterization of ice microphysical processes and initial conditions on the variability of cirrus microphysical and radiative properties are investigated in a series of cloud system-resolving perturbed physics ensemble (PPE) and initial condition ensemble (ICE) simulations. Three cirrus cases representative of mid-latitude, subtropical and tropical cirrus are examined. It is found that the variability in cirrus properties induced by perturbing uncertain parameters in ice microphysics parameterizations outweighs the variability induced by perturbing the initial conditions in midlatitude and subtropical cirrus. However, in tropical anvil cirrus the variability in the PPE and ICE simulations is about the same order of magnitude. The cirrus properties showing the largest sensitivity are ice water content (IWC) and cloud thickness whereas the averaged high cloud cover is only marginally affected. Changes in cirrus ice water path and outgoing longwave radiation are controlled primarily by changes in IWC and cloud thickness but not by changes is the averaged high cloud cover. The change in the vertical distribution of cloud fraction and cloud thickness is caused by changes in cirrus cloud base whereas cloud top is not sensitive to either perturbed physics or perturbed initial conditions. In all cirrus cases, the top three parameters controlling the microphysical variability and radiative impact of cirrus clouds are ice fall speeds, ice autoconversion size thresholds and heterogeneous ice nucleation. Changes in the ice deposition coefficient do not affect the ice water path and outgoing longwave radiation. Similarly, changes in the number concentration of aerosols available for homogeneous freezing have virtually no effect on the microphysical and radiative properties of midlatitude and subtropical cirrus but only little impact on tropical anvil cirrus. Overall, the sensitivity of cirrus microphysical and radiative properties to uncertainties in ice microphysics is largest for midlatitude cirrus and smallest for tropical anvil cirrus.

  13. Integrated regional water management: Collaboration or water politics as usual?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lubell, Mark N.; Lippert, Lucas

    2010-01-01

    the water quality and waste water elements. At the sameAll water supply, waste water, and flood control agenciesprovide services like waste water treatment and drinking

  14. c:\\documents and settings\\pp50\\local settings\\temporary internet files\\content.outlook\\inxu401f\\finalised resit september ntc timetable 2013.docx

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    c:\\documents and settings\\pp50\\local settings\\temporary internet files\\content.outlook\\inxu401f calculator (see below). Pencil cases should be clear plastic and if you bring in water bottles the labels should be removed. #12;c:\\documents and settings\\pp50\\local settings\\temporary internet files\\content

  15. Water watch

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-02-01

    The Hydropower Generation Report provides generation figures for the largest hydropower producers in each of six regions in the US. The report compares, for each month, the amount of hydroelectricity generated (in thousands of megawatt-hours) by each producers in the last two years to the ten-year average for that month. This database is used to figure long-term generation averages and percent of averages. The producers regularly provide current generation data to update the database. This issue of [open quotes]Water Watch[close quotes] focuses on winter snow conditions across the US as of mid-January. In addition, the department provides an outlook of spring flood potential. The information presented is based on data from the US Geological Survey, the National Weather Service, and the Soil Conservation Service.

  16. Water and Energy Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMahon, James E.

    2013-01-01

    Geothermal . 20 Energy Used for Water Services . 20 Transporting Water 21 Pumping Groundwater. 22 Treating Wastewater 23 Desalination ..

  17. Equilibrium Water Exchange Between the Intra-and Extracellular Spaces of Mammalian Brain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duong, Timothy Q.

    Equilibrium Water Exchange Between the Intra- and Extracellular Spaces of Mammalian Brain James D.H. Ackerman,1,2,5 and Jeffrey J. Neil2,6* This report describes the measurement of water preexchange lifetimes and intra/extracellular content in intact, functioning mammalian brain. Intra- and extracellular water

  18. Impact of Soil Type and Compaction Conditions on Soil Water Characteristic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Sheng-Tao

    Impact of Soil Type and Compaction Conditions on Soil Water Characteristic C. J. Miller, M.ASCE1 the variation of water content and pore water suction for compacted clayey soils. The soils had varying amounts of clay fraction with plasticities ranging from low to high plasticity. The unsaturated soil behavior

  19. Journal of Power Sources 160 (2006) 11951203 Quantification of liquid water accumulation and distribution in a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mench, Matthew M.

    2006-01-01

    water content. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Flooding; Polymer electrolyte fuel and distribution in a polymer electrolyte fuel cell using neutron imaging A. Turhan, K. Heller, J.S. Brenizer, M cell; Solid polymer electrolyte; Neutron imaging; Water storage; Residual water 1. Introduction

  20. ARM: Microwave Radiometer data (MWR Profiles - QME), water vapor, temp, cloud liquid water, precip water retrievals

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Maria Cadeddu

    2004-02-19

    Microwave Radiometer data (MWR Profiles - QME), water vapor, temp, cloud liquid water, precip water retrievals

  1. ARM: Microwave Radiometer data (MWR Profiles - QME), water vapor, temp, cloud liquid water, precip water retrievals

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Maria Cadeddu

    Microwave Radiometer data (MWR Profiles - QME), water vapor, temp, cloud liquid water, precip water retrievals

  2. EXTENSION WATER SUMMIT PRIORITY: WATER QUALITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slatton, Clint

    EXTENSION WATER SUMMIT PRIORITY: WATER QUALITY Leadership Team Subcommittee: Mark Clark Karl Havens BJ Jarvis Kelly Morgan Ramesh Reddy #12;Water Quality ­ Situation (resources) Florida has extensive and diverse water resources 54,836 miles of rivers and streams 1.8 million acres of lakes, reservoirs

  3. The battle of bacteria: Agencies, stakeholders focusing on restoring water quality 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foust, Margaret

    2010-01-01

    stream_source_info The battle of bacteria.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 5899 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name The battle of bacteria.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 txH2O... | pg. 20 Story by Margaret Foust Bacteria is the No. 1 pollutant of water in Texas, causing many of the state?s water bodies to be placed on the Texas Water Quality Inventory and 303(d) List for failing to meet contact recreation use standards...

  4. The battle of bacteria: Agencies, stakeholders focusing on restoring water quality 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foust, Margaret

    2011-01-01

    stream_source_info The battle of bacteria.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 5899 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name The battle of bacteria.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 txH2O... | pg. 20 Story by Margaret Foust Bacteria is the No. 1 pollutant of water in Texas, causing many of the state?s water bodies to be placed on the Texas Water Quality Inventory and 303(d) List for failing to meet contact recreation use standards...

  5. Water Heating | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Public Services Homes Water Heating Water Heating Infographic: Water Heaters 101 Infographic: Water Heaters 101 Everything you need to know about saving money on water...

  6. Milk dispenser for variable fat content

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henion, Julie E

    2011-01-01

    This thesis describes the development of a new milk dispenser product that is designed to dispense milk with varying levels of milk fat content. The product contains two tanks of milk, one containing skim and one containing ...

  7. Hierarchical Classification Web Content Susan Dumais

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Hao

    organizations. Since th century, librarians classification systems Dewey and Library Congress subject headings classification methods to supplement human effort in creating structured knowledge hierarchies. A wide rangeHierarchical Classification Web Content Susan Dumais Microsoft Research One Microsoft Way Redmond

  8. TABLE OF CONTENTS Hand and Power Tools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    EM 385-1-1 30 Nov 14 13-i Section 13 TABLE OF CONTENTS Hand and Power Tools Section: Page 13.A-4 13.D Pneumatic Power Tools ................................................................................. 13-5 13.E Explosive-Actuated Tools

  9. Content modeling for social media text

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sauper, Christina (Christina Joan)

    2012-01-01

    This thesis focuses on machine learning methods for extracting information from user-generated content. Instances of this data such as product and restaurant reviews have become increasingly valuable and influential in ...

  10. Laboratory Safety Manual Table of Contents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natelson, Douglas

    Laboratory Safety Manual Table of Contents I. Emergency Procedures a. Laboratory Contact Information b. Location of Laboratory Emergency Equipment c. Laboratory Hazard and Evacuation Maps d. University Emergency Procedures II. University Policies and Procedures a. Rice University Laboratory Safety

  11. Stomach contents ofjuvenile cobia, Rachycentron canadum,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    374 Stomach contents ofjuvenile cobia, Rachycentron canadum, from the northern Gulf of Mexico James from the northern Gulf of Mexico. Methods The cobia, Rachycentron canadum, is a monotypic member ofthe Mexico (Migdalski and Fichter, 1983), ranging from Key

  12. Integrity and access control in untrusted content distribution networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fu, Kevin E. (Kevin Edward), 1976-

    2005-01-01

    A content distribution network (CDN) makes a publisher's content highly available to readers through replication on remote computers. Content stored on untrusted servers is susceptible to attack, but a reader should have ...

  13. Water budgets of north Texas native grasslands 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Thomas Alan

    1990-01-01

    ; common curlymesquite, ( (Steud) Nash), a warm-season shortgrass; and Texas wintergrass, (~i a ~eu o~+a, (Trin and Rupr. ), a cool-season midgrass. Standing crop was measured periodically using a non- destructive sampling scheme. Soil water content... the amount of standing crop thereby decreasing both transpiration and infiltration. It does not appear feasible to assume that WY can be increased from herbaceous dominated areas without a reduction in standing crop. However, the potential of increasing...

  14. Method of determining a content of a nuclear waste container

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bernardi, Richard T. (Prospect Heights, IL); Entwistle, David (Buffalo Grove, IL)

    2003-04-22

    A method and apparatus are provided for identifying contents of a nuclear waste container. The method includes the steps of forming an image of the contents of the container using digital radiography, visually comparing contents of the image with expected contents of the container and performing computer tomography on the container when the visual inspection reveals an inconsistency between the contents of the image and the expected contents of the container.

  15. Heat Recovery From Arc Furnaces Using Water Cooled Panels 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darby, D. F.

    1987-01-01

    located on the intake air side of the gas burners. From the heat/vent units, the glycol is re turned via the glycol return piping (GWHR) to the secondary side of the water to glycol heat exchanger HE-I, and then back to the surge tank. The system... stream_source_info ESL-IE-87-09-17.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 21344 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name ESL-IE-87-09-17.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 HEAT RECOVERY FROM...

  16. Educating Consumers: New Content on Diesel Vehicles, Diesel Exhaust...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Educating Consumers: New Content on Diesel Vehicles, Diesel Exhaust Fluid, and Selective Catalytic Reduction Technologies on the AFDC Educating Consumers: New Content on Diesel...

  17. Water Basins Civil Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Provancher, William

    Water Basins Civil Engineering Objective · Connect the study of water, water cycle, and ecosystems with engineering · Discuss how human impacts can effect our water basins, and how engineers lessen these impacts: · The basic concepts of water basins are why they are important · To use a topographic map · To delineate

  18. Grains, Water Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirosoetisno, Djoko

    Grains, Water & Wet Sand Onno Bokhove Introduction Dry Granular Chute Flows: Cantilever Water Waves: Bores Near the Shore Surf Induced Sand Dynamics Discussion Dry Granular Flows, Water Waves & Surf, Water & Wet Sand Onno Bokhove Introduction Dry Granular Chute Flows: Cantilever Water Waves: Bores Near

  19. Water Resources Milind Sohoni

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sohoni, Milind

    TD 603 Water Resources Milind Sohoni www.cse.iitb.ac.in/sohoni/ Lecture 9: Water in Agriculture () January 13, 2010 1 / 14 #12;Water in Agriculture Historically: Biggest consumer of water, in developed kilos of sugar. Though the source of water in all the three cases is usually different. Agriculture

  20. RH-TRU Waste Content Codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Washington TRU Solutions

    2007-07-01

    The Remote-Handled Transuranic (RH-TRU) Content Codes (RH-TRUCON) document describes the inventory of RH-TRU waste within the transportation parameters specified by the Remote-Handled Transuranic Waste Authorized Methods for Payload Control (RH-TRAMPAC).1 The RH-TRAMPAC defines the allowable payload for the RH-TRU 72-B. This document is a catalog of RH-TRU 72-B authorized contents by site. A content code is defined by the following components: • A two-letter site abbreviation that designates the physical location of the generated/stored waste (e.g., ID for Idaho National Laboratory [INL]). The site-specific letter designations for each of the sites are provided in Table 1. • A three-digit code that designates the physical and chemical form of the waste (e.g., content code 317 denotes TRU Metal Waste). For RH-TRU waste to be transported in the RH-TRU 72-B, the first number of this three-digit code is “3.” The second and third numbers of the three-digit code describe the physical and chemical form of the waste. Table 2 provides a brief description of each generic code. Content codes are further defined as subcodes by an alpha trailer after the three-digit code to allow segregation of wastes that differ in one or more parameter(s). For example, the alpha trailers of the subcodes ID 322A and ID 322B may be used to differentiate between waste packaging configurations. As detailed in the RH-TRAMPAC, compliance with flammable gas limits may be demonstrated through the evaluation of compliance with either a decay heat limit or flammable gas generation rate (FGGR) limit per container specified in approved content codes. As applicable, if a container meets the watt*year criteria specified by the RH-TRAMPAC, the decay heat limits based on the dose-dependent G value may be used as specified in an approved content code. If a site implements the administrative controls outlined in the RH-TRAMPAC and Appendix 2.4 of the RH-TRU Payload Appendices, the decay heat or FGGR limits based on a 10-day shipping period (rather than the standard 60-day shipping period) may be used as specified in an approved content code. Requests for new or revised content codes may be submitted to the WIPP RH-TRU Payload Engineer for review and approval, provided all RH-TRAMPAC requirements are met.

  1. I-5 DEIS Table of Contents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    12 Transportation Chapter 13 Cultural Resources Volume 2: Chapters 14-33 Chapter 14 Geology and Soils Chapter 15 Water Chapter 16 Wetlands Chapter 17 Vegetation Chapter 18...

  2. Table of Contents Deschutes Subbasin Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .1. Physical, Natural and Human Landscape ................................................2.1 2.2. Water Resources .............................................................................2.12 2.3. Hydrologic.25 5. Out-of-Subbasin Effects

  3. GPR Surveys across a Prototype Surface Barrier to Determine Temporal and Spatial Variations in Soil Moisture Content

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clement, William P.; Ward, Anderson L.

    2008-06-10

    Engineered surface barriers are expected to play a critical role in the closure of waste sites within the DOE complex and currently require monitoring to verify performance. The most comprehensive approach to assess performance is by water balance evaluation, which requires knowledge of the soil water storage. However, water storage measurements are still made mostly by point sensors and as result field-scale estimates are subject to much uncertainty. The objective of this study was to assess the viability of using ground penetrating radar (GPR) to monitor changes in soil moisture distribution, and therefore water storage, at multiple scales. Profiles were collected at four times during the year March, May, September and the following January to track the decrease in storage from the spring to the summer followed by the increase in the winter. A series of 40-m long profiles were collected using 100-Mhz antennas with a sample interval of 0.8 ns and 500 samples per trace in a 400-ns window. A common midpoint (CMP) survey was first used to determine an optimal antenna separation (3.5 m) after which data were collected using a wide-offset reflection geometry. Travel times were used to calculate the electromagnetic velocities which were then used to calculate water content using the Topp’s equation. Changes in the GPR response were easily observed over the course of the study and indicated spatial differences in moisture, which owing to the relatively uniform soil, can be attributed to differences in water removal by evapotranspiration. Water content also showed a strong seasonal strong seasonal dependence that correlate well with seasonal changes in precipitation and plant water uptake. An investigation of the effects of soil water content on the amplitude of the ground wave showed weaker amplitudes in the drier spring and summer months than in the winter suggesting a correlation between amplitude and water content. Results show that GPR can provide accurate non-invasive estimates of spatial and temporal changes in water content and therefore soil water storage.

  4. Household Water Quality Home Water Quality Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    Household Water Quality Home Water Quality Problems­ Causes and Treatments Blake Ross, Extension impurities can be corrected if they are a nuisance. Before beginning any treatment plan, have water tested select the most effective and economical treatment method. www.ext.vt.edu Produced by Communications

  5. AVLIS documentation overview and tables of contents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-11-15

    Three documents constitute the executive summary series in Data Package III: this document (Documentation Overview and Tables of Contents (E001)) plus the AVLIS Production Plant Executive Summary (E010) and the AVLIS Production Plant Overall Design Report (E020). They provide progressively greater detail on the key information and conclusions contained within the data package. The Executive Summary and Overall Design Report present summaries of each Data Package III document. They are intended to provide a global overview of AVLIS Production Plant deployment including program planning, project management, schedules, engineering design, production, operations, capital cost, and operating cost. The purpose of Overview and Tables of Contents is threefold: to briefly review AVLIS goals for Data Package III documentation, to present an overview of the contents of the data package, and to provide a useful guide to information contained in the numerous documents comprising the package.

  6. www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/321/5890/824/DC1 Supporting Online Material for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reif, John H.

    www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/321/5890/824/DC1 Supporting Online Material for Programming DNA) and annealed in a water bath in a styrofoam box by cooling from 90 C to 23 C over a period of 24 to 72 hours-state laser (CrystaLaser, Reno, NV). The Cy3 emission was detected by a 60×, 1.2 NA water immersion objective

  7. Review: Globalization of Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tennant, Matthew Aaron

    2009-01-01

    Review: Globalization of Water: Sharing the Planet’sAshok K. Globalization of Water: Sharing the Planet’s140) liters of virtual water (p. 15). This is one of the

  8. RETORT WATER PARTICULATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    layer of retort water from the filter surface, (3) crystaldeep layer of retort water from the filter surface, from C02distilled water before placing the filter RETORT OPERATING

  9. Lawn Water Management 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAfee, James

    2006-06-26

    Water is a limited resource in Texas. This booklet explains how homeowners can establish a water management program for a home lawn that both maintains a healthy sod and also conserves water. The publication discusses soil types, grass varieties...

  10. Saving Water Saves Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMahon, James E.; Whitehead, Camilla Dunham; Biermayer, Peter

    2006-01-01

    H. , Groves D. California Water 2030: An Efficient Future,Preemption of California’s Water Conservation Standards for2Epdf Biermayer P. Potential Water and Energy Savings from

  11. Landscape Plants: Fertilizing & Watering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishida, Yuko

    Landscape Plants: Fertilizing & Watering Landscape Plants: Fertilizing & Watering Prevent runoff and shrubs, either through directly killing plants or making them more prone to disease. Fertilizer runoff into storm drains pollutes waterways. Maintain plant health and protect water quality by fertilizing

  12. Water Conservation Tips

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Martha

    2008-01-01

    Gardener Water Conservation Tips fo r t h e UCSC Farm &aware of the need to use water responsibly, whether or notcut landscape and garden water needs. Here we share some of

  13. Water and Energy Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMahon, James E.

    2013-01-01

    2009. Thirsty Energy: Water and Energy in the 21st Century.Summary Points 1. Water and energy are strongly dependent onof bioenergy increases water and energy interdependence. 3.

  14. HELSINKI UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY ENE-47.153 Course contentCourse content

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zevenhoven, Ron

    - firedPulverised coal- fired power plantpower plant #12;HELSINKI UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY ENE-47.153 Pulverised coal combustion and gas clean-upPulverised coal combustion and gas clean-up #12;HELSINKIHELSINKI UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY ENE-47.153 ·· Course contentCourse content ·· Flue gases and fuel

  15. Intra-annual variability of the radiocarbon content of corals from the Galapagos Islands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, T.A. Geophysics Program AK-50, Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA ); Farwell, G.W.; Schmidt, F.H. ); Grootes, P.M. Quatenary Isotope Lab. AK-60, Dept. of Geological Sciences, Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA ); Stuiver, M. )

    1993-01-01

    The authors report AMS [sup 14]C measurements on sub annual samples of coral from the Galapagos Islands that span the period, 1970-1973. Both the major 1972 El Nino/Southern Oscillation event and intra-annual changes in regional upwelling of [sup 14]C-depleted waters associated with alternation of surface-ocean current patterns are evident in the record. These data show that the corals preserve a detailed record of past intra-annual variations of the [sup 14]C content of surface ocean water.

  16. Local content of bipartite qubit correlations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Branciard, Cyril; Gisin, Nicolas [Group of Applied Physics, University of Geneva, 1211 Geneva (Switzerland); Scarani, Valerio [Centre for Quantum Technologies and Department of Physics, National University of Singapore, 117543 Singapore (Singapore)

    2010-02-15

    One of the last open problems concerning two qubits in a pure state is to find the exact local content of their correlation, in the sense of Elitzur, Popescu, and Rohrlich (EPR2) [A. C. Elitzur, S. Popescu, and D. Rohrlich, Phys. Lett. A162, 25 (1992)]. We propose an EPR2 decomposition that allows us to prove, for a wide range of states |{psi}({theta})>=cos{theta}|00>+sin{theta}|11>, that their local content is p{sub L}({theta})=cos2{theta}. We also share reflections on how to possibly extend this result to all two-qubit pure states.

  17. Remote-Handled Transuranic Content Codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Washington TRU Solutions

    2006-12-01

    The Remote-Handled Transuranic (RH-TRU) Content Codes (RH-TRUCON) document describes the inventory of RH-TRU waste within the transportation parameters specified by the Remote-Handled Transuranic Waste Authorized Methods for Payload Control (RH-TRAMPAC).1 The RH-TRAMPAC defines the allowable payload for the RH-TRU 72-B. This document is a catalog of RH-TRU 72-B authorized contents by site. A content code is defined by the following components: • A two-letter site abbreviation that designates the physical location of the generated/stored waste (e.g., ID for Idaho National Laboratory [INL]). The site-specific letter designations for each of the sites are provided in Table 1. • A three-digit code that designates the physical and chemical form of the waste (e.g., content code 317 denotes TRU Metal Waste). For RH-TRU waste to be transported in the RH-TRU 72-B, the first number of this three-digit code is “3.” The second and third numbers of the three-digit code describe the physical and chemical form of the waste. Table 2 provides a brief description of each generic code. Content codes are further defined as subcodes by an alpha trailer after the three-digit code to allow segregation of wastes that differ in one or more parameter(s). For example, the alpha trailers of the subcodes ID 322A and ID 322B may be used to differentiate between waste packaging configurations. As detailed in the RH-TRAMPAC, compliance with flammable gas limits may be demonstrated through the evaluation of compliance with either a decay heat limit or flammable gas generation rate (FGGR) limit per container specified in approved content codes. As applicable, if a container meets the watt*year criteria specified by the RH-TRAMPAC, the decay heat limits based on the dose-dependent G value may be used as specified in an approved content code. If a site implements the administrative controls outlined in the RH-TRAMPAC and Appendix 2.4 of the RH-TRU Payload Appendices, the decay heat or FGGR limits based on a 10-day shipping period (rather than the standard 60-day shipping period) may be used as specified in an approved content code.

  18. CH-TRU Waste Content Codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Washington TRU Solutions LLC

    2008-01-16

    The CH-TRU Waste Content Codes (CH-TRUCON) document describes the inventory of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) CH-TRU waste within the transportation parameters specified by the Contact-Handled Transuranic Waste Authorized Methods for Payload Control (CH-TRAMPAC). The CH-TRAMPAC defines the allowable payload for the Transuranic Package Transporter-II (TRUPACT-II) and HalfPACT packagings. This document is a catalog of TRUPACT-II and HalfPACT authorized contents and a description of the methods utilized to demonstrate compliance with the CH-TRAMPAC. A summary of currently approved content codes by site is presented in Table 1. The CH-TRAMPAC describes "shipping categories" that are assigned to each payload container. Multiple shipping categories may be assigned to a single content code. A summary of approved content codes and corresponding shipping categories is provided in Table 2, which consists of Tables 2A, 2B, and 2C. Table 2A provides a summary of approved content codes and corresponding shipping categories for the "General Case," which reflects the assumption of a 60-day shipping period as described in the CH-TRAMPAC and Appendix 3.4 of the CH-TRU Payload Appendices. For shipments to be completed within an approximately 1,000-mile radius, a shorter shipping period of 20 days is applicable as described in the CH-TRAMPAC and Appendix 3.5 of the CH-TRU Payload Appendices. For shipments to WIPP from Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Nevada Test Site, and Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site, a 20-day shipping period is applicable. Table 2B provides a summary of approved content codes and corresponding shipping categories for "Close-Proximity Shipments" (20-day shipping period). For shipments implementing the controls specified in the CH-TRAMPAC and Appendix 3.6 of the CH-TRU Payload Appendices, a 10-day shipping period is applicable. Table 2C provides a summary of approved content codes and corresponding shipping categories for "Controlled Shipments" (10-day shipping period).

  19. Carbon and Water Resource Management for Water Distribution Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hendrickson, Thomas Peter

    2013-01-01

    4 April, 2013. (4) 2010 Water Use Survey Summary Estimates –State Totals; Texas Water Development Board: Austin, TX,indicators for urban water systems. Urban Water. 2004, 4,

  20. Water Efficiency Goal Guidance

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) issued water efficiency goal guidance in Federal Agency Implementation of Water Efficiency and Management Provisions of Executive Order 13514. This...