Sample records for washington puget sound

  1. Fish Foraging on an Artificial Reef in Puget Sound, Washington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fish Foraging on an Artificial Reef in Puget Sound, Washington GREGORY J. HUECKEL and R. LEE with an artificial reef in Puget Sound to increase our knowledge of the changes in the structure of the fish com with an artificial reef in Puget Sound, Wash. Stomachs ofthesefish species, dissectedfrom 609 fish speared on, around

  2. Seasonal and Interannual Variability in the Circulation of Puget Sound, Washington: A Box Model Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacCready, Parker

    Seasonal and Interannual Variability in the Circulation of Puget Sound, Washington: A Box Model A prognostic, time-dependent box model of circulation in Puget Sound, Washington is used to study seasonal circulation dans le détroit de Puget, dans l'État de Washington, pour étudier les variations saisonnières et

  3. PREDATION ON CAPITEllA SPP. BY SMALL-MOUTHED PLEURONECTIDS IN PUGET SOUND, WASHINGTON!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PREDATION ON CAPITEllA SPP. BY SMALL-MOUTHED PLEURONECTIDS IN PUGET SOUND, WASHINGTON! D. SCO-bottom habitats of Puget Sound. Washington. Sampling was conducted throughout the diel cycle during May and June flatfishes Puget Sound, WA on Capitella spp., a well-known group of opportunis- tic

  4. BIODIVERSITY OF MOBILE BENTHIC FAUNA IN GEODUCK (PANOPEA GENEROSA) AQUACULTURE BEDS IN SOUTHERN PUGET SOUND, WASHINGTON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thuesen, Erik V.

    PUGET SOUND, WASHINGTON RANA A. BROWN1,2* AND ERIK V. THUESEN1 1 Laboratory 1, Evergreen State College dramatically during the past decade in southern Puget Sound, WA, and the effects of these intertidal Puget Sound. Surveys of geoduck farms in two different stages of aquaculture production were carried out

  5. SHORT-TERM THERMAL RESISTANCE OF ZOEAE OF 10 SPECIES OF CRABS FROM PUGET SOUND, WASHINGTON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SHORT-TERM THERMAL RESISTANCE OF ZOEAE OF 10 SPECIES OF CRABS FROM PUGET SOUND, WASHINGTON BENJAMIN to protect the most sensitive species studied is 24OC for the Puget Sound area. Thermal resistance of marine species of Puget INorthwest and Alaska Fisheries Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, NOAA, 2725

  6. NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL PMEL-72 MEASUREMENTS OF BENTHIC SEDIMENT ERODIBILITY IN PUGET SOUND, WASHINGTON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL PMEL-72 MEASUREMENTS OF BENTHIC SEDIMENT ERODIBILITY IN PUGET SOUND ···························································· 30 iii #12;#12;MEASUREMENTS OF BENTHIC SEDIMENT ERODIBILITY IN PUGET SOUND, WASHINGTON J.W. Lavelle 1 W.R. Davis 2 ABSTRACT. Rates of erosion of bottom sediment were studied at seven locations in Puget

  7. Accumulation of mercury and PCBs in quillback rockfish (Sebastes maliger) from Puget Sound, Washington, USA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    West, J.E.; O`Neill, S.M. [Washington State Dept. of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, WA (United States)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife is conducting a long-term study designed to identify and monitor levels of contaminants in Puget Sound fish resources as one component of the ongoing Puget Sound Ambient Monitoring Program (PSAMP). Here the authors summarize results from three years of monitoring contaminants in quillback rockfish (Sebastes maliger) and present models for bioaccumulation of persistent pollutants. This species was selected for monitoring because they are long-lived and nonmigratory, occupy a relatively high position in the demersal food web, and are important to Washington fisheries. Muscle tissue from quillback rockfish was sampled from 1991 through 1993 at three PSAMP stations in the Puget Sound (San Juan Islands [SJI], North-Central Puget Sound [NCPS] and Central Puget Sound [CPS]). Two persistent pollutants--mercury and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBS)--were present consistently in quillback rockfish. Maximum concentrations of mercury in composite-samples were 0.51, 0.41 and 0.47 mg/kg for SJI, NCPS and CPS, respectively. One composite exceeded the World Health Organization action limit for mercury in fish tissue (0.5 mg/kg). The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) screening level for mercury in fish is 0.6 mg/kg. Seven composite-samples contained a single group of PCBs (aroclor 1260) which exceeded the EPA screening level for total aroclors (10 {micro}g/kg). Stepwise linear regression was used to model the effects of fish age, size, percent lipids, and collection site on accumulation of mercury and aroclor 1260 in quillback rockfish. Of these variables, age and length (as growth rate) of rockfish were the primary determinants of mercury concentration in quillback rockfish; age of rockfish and collection site were the primary determinants of PCB concentrations.

  8. Pesticides and PCBs in Pacific salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha and O. kisutch) from Puget Sound, Washington

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O`Neill, S.M.; West, J.E. [Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, WA (United States)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife initiated a long-term study to monitor levels of contaminants in two species of Pacific salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha and O. kisutch) and other marine fishes of Puget Sound. The study is one component of the Puget Sound Ambient Monitoring Program (PSAMP), a multi-agency effort to assess the environmental health of Puget Sound. Here the authors summarize results from their ongoing study of O. tshawytscha and O. kisutch. Samples of muscle tissue were collected for chemical analyses from adult salmon that were purchased from licensed fish buyers or treaty tribal fisherman. From 1992 through 1994, both salmon species were sampled at seven fishing areas in marine waters and river mouths of Puget Sound. 4,4-DDE and 4,4-DDD, metabolites of the pesticide DDT, and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBS) were consistently detected in both species and were consistently higher in O. tshawytscha. Low to moderate concentrations of DDT metabolites (3 to 59 ug/kg wet weight) were detected in the salmon samples but were seldom detected in other fish species sampled by PSAMP. Total PCBs concentrations (Arochlor 1254 + 1260) ranged from 10 to 211 ug/kg wet weight in 0. tshawytscha, with many samples containing PCBs concentrations similar to those detected in benthic flatfish, (Pleuronectes vetulus), sampled from urbanized embayments. A stepwise linear regression model was used to identify parameters correlated with accumulation of PCBs and DDT metabolites in salmon. In addition to species differences, factors such as fish age, percent lipids and sampling location may affect the accumulation of these contaminants. Results of this study are contrasted with contaminant levels previously reported for Canadian and Alaskan Pacific salmon. Possible sources of contaminants are outlined.

  9. Puget Sound Dredged Disposal Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Urabeck, F.J.; Phillips, K.E.

    1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Future disposal of dredged material in the Puget Sound estuary of the State of Washington is of major interest to Federal, state, and local governmental regulatory agencies, as well as those responsible for maintaining existing waterways and harbors. Elevated levels of toxic chemicals exist in bottom sediments of all the urban bays, with tumors and other biological abnormalities found in bottom fish associated with these water bodies. Public awareness of this situation has been heightened by extensive media coverage of recent government investigations of environmental conditions in Puget Sound. These investigations and public concerns have led to three ongoing regional planning efforts, all of which deal with Puget Sound water quality and marine bottom sediments. This paper reports on the Puget Sound Dredged Disposal Analysis (PSDDA), a 3-year joint Federal-state study primarily focusing on unconfined, open-water disposal of material dredged from Federal and non-Federal navigation projects. Study objectives include (a) selection of unconfined, open-water disposal sites; (b) development of sampling, testing, and test interpretation procedures to be used in evaluating the suitability of dredged material for disposal in Puget Sound waters; and (c) formulation of disposal site management plans. Preliminary findings for each of these objectives are discussed for central Puget Sound, which includes the ports of Seattle, Tacoma, and Everett.

  10. NAME: Eelgrass Restoration in Puget Sound LOCATION: Puget Sound, WA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    NAME: Eelgrass Restoration in Puget Sound LOCATION: Puget Sound, WA ACRES: 3,700 acres of subtidal restoration efforts and to contribute to the Puget Sound Partnership's Action Agenda recovery goal of 20% more within the Puget Sound region of the Salish Sea: the Nisqually, Elwha, and Skokomish Rivers. These major

  11. UNCORRECTEDPROOF Profiles of Alexandrium catenella cysts in Puget Sound sediments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shull, David H.

    UNCORRECTEDPROOF Profiles of Alexandrium catenella cysts in Puget Sound sediments and the geographical scope of shellfish closures in Puget Sound have increased in recent decades. PSP, monitored by the Washington Department of Health, has spread from Sequim Bay in the 1950s into central Puget Sound in the 1970

  12. Puget Sound Career & Job Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaminsky, Werner

    Puget Sound Career & Job Resources The UW Career Center provides services to current UW students-8300; www.lwtech.edu/ #12;Puget Sound Career & Job Resources North Seattle Community College (206) 934, then Jobs & Careers ADDITIONAL RESOURCES Puget Sound Career Development Association (Professional Career

  13. Biological Sampling and Analysis in Sinclair and Dyes Inlets, Washington: Chemical Analyses for 2007 Puget Sound Biota Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brandenberger, Jill M.; Suslick, Carolynn R.; Johnston, Robert K.

    2008-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Evaluating spatial and temporal trends in contaminant residues in Puget Sound fish and macroinvertebrates are the objectives of the Puget Sound Ambient Monitoring Program (PSAMP). In a cooperative effort between the ENVironmental inVESTment group (ENVVEST) and Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlife, additional biota samples were collected during the 2007 PSAMP biota survey and analyzed for chemical residues and stable isotopes of carbon (?13C) and nitrogen (?15N). Approximately three specimens of each species collected from Sinclair Inlet, Georgia Basin, and reference locations in Puget Sound were selected for whole body chemical analysis. The muscle tissue of specimens selected for chemical analyses were also analyzed for ?13C and ?15N to provide information on relative trophic level and food sources. This data report summarizes the chemical residues for the 2007 PSAMP fish and macro-invertebrate samples. In addition, six Spiny Dogfish (Squalus acanthias) samples were necropsied to evaluate chemical residue of various parts of the fish (digestive tract, liver, embryo, muscle tissue), as well as, a weight proportional whole body composite (WBWC). Whole organisms were homogenized and analyzed for silver, arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, nickel, lead, zinc, mercury, 19 polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners, PCB homologues, percent moisture, percent lipids, ?13C, and ?15N.

  14. Automated landslide mapping using spectral analysis and high-resolution topographic data: Puget Sound lowlands, Washington, and Portland Hills, Oregon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perron, Taylor

    Automated landslide mapping using spectral analysis and high-resolution topographic data: Puget Landslide map LiDAR Tualatin Puget Wavelet Landslide inventory maps are necessary for assessing landslide of spectral analysis that utilize LiDAR-derived digital elevation models of the Puget Sound lowlands

  15. Contaminant effects on growth, age-structure, and reproduction, of Mytilus edulis from Puget Sound, Washington

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Casillas, E.; Kardong, K.; Kagley, A.; Snider, R.G.; Stein, J.E. [NOAA, Seattle, WA (United States). Environmental Conservation Division

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Age-length relationships, age structure, and reproductive status (fecundity, egg size) of Mytilus edulis from six sites in central Puget Sound and one site in the relatively pristine area of northern Puget Sound were measured. Mussels from urban-associated sites (areas with elevated sediment concentrations of PAHs, PCBs, and toxic and essential metals) exhibited high tissue burdens of these contaminants. Age length relationships, fitted to the von Bertalanffy equation, showed that the growth of mussels from urban-associated areas was similar, but was lower than in mussels from minimally-contaminated environments. Comparison of mussel population age-structure showed that at urban sites, mussels of comparable size were consistently older than mussels from minimally contaminated areas and the mean age of urban populations was higher than that of rural populations. In mussels from urban sites, gonad mass was lower while number of oocytes/g gonad was similar compared to mussels from minimally-contaminated areas of Puget Sound. Thus, in mussels from urban sites fecundity was reduced compared to mussels of comparable age from reference sites. The findings support the hypothesis that mussels from the urban areas exhibit impaired growth, altered population age-structure, and reproductive impairment as a result of accumulation of chemical contaminants.

  16. Contaminant exposure and biochemical effects in outmigrant juvenile chinook salmon from urban and nonurban estuaries of Puget Sound, Washington

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stein, J.E.; Hom, T.; Collier, T.K.; Brown, D.W.; Varanasi, U. [National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Seattle, WA (United States)

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Juvenile chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) were sampled in Puget Sound, Washington, for 2 consecutive years from contaminated urban estuaries, a nonurban estuary, and from the respective hatcheries to assess exposure to anthropogenic chemicals and to determine if biochemical changes were occurring as a consequence of exposure. Exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), chlorinated hydrocarbons, and butyltins was determined. The mean concentrations of PAHs and PCBs in stomach contents and PCBs in liver were significantly higher in salmon from the urban estuaries compared to fish from the nonurban estuary in both sampling years. Higher hepatic concentrations of PCBs than DDTs were found in fish from the urban estuaries, but butyltins were rarely detected. Further, mean concentrations of fluorescent aromatic compounds in bile, an estimate of exposure to PAHs, and hepatic cytochrome P4501A and levels of hepatic DNA adducts were also significantly higher in salmon from the urban estuaries compared to either the nonurban estuary or the hatcheries. Results demonstrated increased exposure to chemical contaminants in outmigrant juvenile salmon during their relatively brief residence in urban estuaries of Puget Sound. Moreover, the exposure was sufficient to elicit biochemical responses, which suggest a potential for other biological effects to ensue.

  17. Restoration potential of diked estuarine wetlands in Washington and Oregon. Phase 2: Identification of candidate sites in puget sound

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Under the auspices of the Clean Water Act, Section 404, one of the missions of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is to enhance and protect wetland resources. In EPA Region 10, specifically in the Puget Sound area, there is opportunity to enhance aquatic resources by restoring some of the thousands of acres of wetlands that have been historically diked. The objectives of Work Assignment 24 is to field identify and prioritize areas in Puget Sound and the Straits of Juan de Fuca that were tidally influenced wetlands which are now either not functioning as wetlands or are providing limited wetland functions due to dike construction. This report is the field confirmation of the non-field data compiled in Phase I. The objective of the Phase I study was to identify areas in Washington and Oregon that: (1) once were estuarine wetlands but are not currently functioning as such due to dike construction; (2) were greater than five acres in size; and (3) may be suitable for restoration.

  18. EIS-0160: Puget Sound Area Electric Reliability Plan

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy’s Bonneville Power Administration prepared this statement to assess the environmental and socioeconomic implications of potential solutions to address a power system problem in the Puget Sound area of Washington State.

  19. NOAA Technical Memorandum OAR PMEL-122 Tidal Datum Distributions in Puget Sound,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NOAA Technical Memorandum OAR PMEL-122 Tidal Datum Distributions in Puget Sound, Washington, Based . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 3. Puget Sound Channel Tide Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 3.1 Description of the channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 9. Appendix: Tidal harmonic constants in Puget Sound . . . 30 10. References

  20. --------Original Message --------Subject: [aalist] Tenure Track Position at the University of Puget Sound

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    of Puget Sound Date: Fri, 4 Oct 2013 15:21:44 -0700 From: Brad Richards To Science at the University of Puget Sound is seeking to fill a tenure-track Computer Science position://www.pugetsound.edu/about/offices--services/human-resources/employment- opportunities/. Puget Sound is a selective national liberal arts college in Tacoma, Washington, drawing 2

  1. Report of the Puget Sound Expedition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Report of the Puget Sound Expedition September 8-16, 1998 A Rapid Assessment Survey of Non-indigenous Species in the Shallow Waters of Puget Sound Prepared by Andrew Cohen, Claudia Mills, Helen Berry Olympia, WA 98504-7027 (360) 902-1100 #12;Report of the Puget Sound Expedition Sept. 8-16, 1998 Contents

  2. Puget Sound Career & Job Resources The UW Career Center provides services to current UW students and alumni. This list identifies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaminsky, Werner

    Puget Sound Career & Job Resources The UW Career Center provides services to current UW students COLLEGE CAREER CENTERS Washington Community Colleges CAREER&JOBRESOURCES IN THE PUGET SOUND AREA #12;www

  3. Ambient Monitoring for Sinclair and Dyes Inlets, Puget Sound, Washington: Chemical Analyses for 2010 Regional Mussel Watch (AMB02)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brandenberger, Jill M.; Kuo, Li-Jung; Suslick, Carolynn R.; Johnston, Robert K.

    2010-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The Puget Sound Naval Shipyard & Intermediate Maintenance Facility (PSNS&IMF) and Naval Base Kitsap-Bremerton (Shipyard) located in Bremerton, WA are committed to a culture of continuous process improvement for all aspects of Shipyard operations, including reducing the releases of hazardous materials and waste in discharges from the Shipyard. Under the Project ENVVEST Final Project Agreement, a cooperative project among PSNS&IMF, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology), and local stakeholders (US Navy, EPA and Ecology 2002) has been helping to improve the environmental quality of the Sinclair and Dyes Inlet Watershed (ENVVEST 2006). An ambient monitoring program for sediment, water, and indigenous mussels began in 2009 to assess the status and trend of ecological resources, assess the effectiveness of cleanup and pollution control measures, and determine if discharges from all sources are protective of beneficial uses including aquatic life. This document presents the 2010 chemical residue data and stable isotopes of carbon (?13C) and nitrogen (?15N) for the regional mussel watch stations located in Sinclair Inlet, Dyes Inlet, Port Orchard Passage, Rich Passage, Agate Passage, Liberty Bay, and Keyport Lagoon. Indigenous bivalves were collected from a small boat and/or from along the shoreline, measured, composited, and analyzed for a suite of trace metals and organic contaminants. The trace metals included silver, arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, mercury, nickel, lead, and zinc. The organic contaminants included the list of NOAA Status and Trends 20 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) congeners and suite of parent and methylated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). These chemical residue data provide the first year of the biota ambient monitoring.

  4. Ambient Monitoring for Sinclair and Dyes Inlets, Puget Sound, Washington: Chemical Analyses for 2012 Regional Mussel Watch

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brandenberger, Jill M.; Kuo, Li-Jung; Suslick, Carolynn R.; Johnston, Robert K.

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Under the Project ENVVEST Final Project Agreement, the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard & Intermediate Maintenance Facility (PSNS&IMF), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology), and local stakeholders have worked collaboratively to improve the environmental quality of Sinclair and Dyes Inlets. A regional mussel monitoring program began in 2010 to assess the status and trend of ecological resources, assess the effectiveness of cleanup and pollution control measures, and determine if discharges from all sources are protective of beneficial uses including aquatic life. The program collected indigenous mussels to represent a time-integrated measure of bioavailable metals and organic chemicals present in the water column. This document supplements the 2010 indigenous mussel data with 2012 data to provide two years of data on the chemical residue of mussels present in the inter-tidal regions of Sinclair Inlet, Dyes Inlet, Port Orchard Passage, Rich Passage, Agate Passage, Liberty Bay, and Keyport Lagoon. The 2012 data set added one station at PSNS&IMF and one market samples from Penn Cove. Indigenous mussels were collected from a small boat and/or from along the shoreline, measured, composited, and analyzed for percent lipids, percent moisture, stable isotopes of carbon and nitrogen, and a suite of trace metals and organic contaminants. The trace metals included silver (Ag), arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), mercury (Hg), lead (Pb), and zinc (Zn). The organic contaminants included the list of NOAA Status and Trends 20 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) congeners and suite of parent and methylated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The average lengths between the 2010 and 2012 data were generally less than 30% relative percent difference (RPD). Generally, the metals concentrations were lower in 2012 than 2010 with some notable exceptions in Sinclair Inlet and Rich Passage where increases in Ag, Hg, Pb, Cu, and Zn exceeded an RPD of 50% between years. However, they did not exceed the bioaccumulation critical values or the critical body residues corresponding to the no observed effect dose (NOED) and the lowest observed effect dose (LOED) with one exception. The Cd concentrations exceeded the NOED and LOED for the Manchester Lab Pier and the Pike Place Market samples. For the PAHs and PCB, the 2012 data were generally lower than 2010 and some cases significantly lower for PAHs and none of the available invertebrate benchmarks were exceeded.

  5. --------Original Message --------Subject: [Cis-phd] [jobs] Tenure-Track Position at University of Puget Sound (Tacoma,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    of Puget Sound (Tacoma, WA)] Date: Wed, 26 Sep 2012 11:59:05 -0400 From: Mike Felker -primary@lists.seas.upenn.edu The University of Puget Sound has a tenure-track position opening for the fall of 2013 -- perhaps two. You can in the state. Puget Sound is a selective national liberal arts college in Tacoma, Washington, drawing 2

  6. Ammonia availability shapes the seasonal distribution and activity of archaeal and bacterial ammonia oxidizers in the Puget Sound Estuary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de la Torre, José R.

    ammonia oxidizers in the Puget Sound Estuary Hidetoshi Urakawa,1,a,* Willm Martens-Habbena,1 Carme Huguet, a fjord within the Puget Sound, Washington State estuary system. A greater contribution of AOA numbers of AOA in Hood Canal, a fjord in the Puget Sound estuary system (Urakawa et al. 2010; Horak et al

  7. EA-1949: Admiralty Inlet Pilot Tidal Project, Puget Sound, WA

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA analyzes the potential environmental effects of a proposal by the Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County, Washington to construct and operate the Admiralty Inlet Tidal Project. The proposed 680-kilowatt project would be located on the east side of Admiralty Inlet in Puget Sound, Washington, about 1 kilometer west of Whidbey Island, entirely within Island County, Washington. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) is the lead agency. The DOE NEPA process for this project has been canceled.

  8. Puget Sound area electric reliability plan. Draft environmental impact statement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Puget Sound Area Electric Reliability Plan Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) identifies the alternatives for solving a power system problem in the Puget Sound area. This Plan is undertaken by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), Puget Sound Power & Light, Seattle City Light, Snohomish Public Utility District No. 1 (PUD), and Tacoma Public Utilities. The Plan consists of potential actions in Puget Sound and other areas in the State of Washington. A specific need exists in the Puget Sound area for balance between east-west transmission capacity and the increasing demand to import power generated east of the Cascades. At certain times of the year, there is more demand for power than the electric system can supply in the Puget Sound area. This high demand, called peak demand, occurs during the winter months when unusually cold weather increases electricity use for heating. The existing power system can supply enough power if no emergencies occur. However, during emergencies, the system will not operate properly. As demand grows, the system becomes more strained. To meet demand, the rate of growth of demand must be reduced or the ability to serve the demand must be increased, or both. The plan to balance Puget Sound`s power demand and supply has these purposes: The plan should define a set of actions that would accommodate ten years of load growth (1994--2003). Federal and State environmental quality requirements should be met. The plan should be consistent with the plans of the Northwest Power Planning Council. The plan should serve as a consensus guideline for coordinated utility action. The plan should be flexible to accommodate uncertainties and differing utility needs. The plan should balance environmental impacts and economic costs. The plan should provide electric system reliability consistent with customer expectations. 29 figs., 24 tabs.

  9. toProtectandRestorePugetSound Final Report to the Puget Sound Partnership July 30, 2009 Grant #200806

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carrington, Emily

    1 Citizen Science Harnessing toProtectandRestorePugetSound Final Report to the Puget Sound;2 Harnessing Citizen Science to Protect and Restore Puget Sound Cover photo: Lopez Island's community salmon Department of Ecology Susan Bullerdick, COSEE-Ocean Learning Communities Doug Myers, People for Puget Sound

  10. Puget Sound acidity levels drop after ASARCO shutdown

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The levels of acidity in Puget Sound region rainfall have decreased significantly since the shutdown of the ASARCO copper smelter in Tacoma, Washington, according to a study funded by the US Environmental Protection Agency. Results indicate that sulfate and hydrogen ion concentrations obtained from samples taken before the closure were significantly different than those collected after the shutdown. Rainwater samples collected downwind during smelter operation were also significantly different from those collected upwind. Sulfur dioxide is considered to be one of the principal contributors to acid rain. The smelter was a major source of sulfur dioxide emissions in the Puget Sound region before it shut down in March 1985.

  11. Travel Diary-Based Emissions Analysis of Telecommuting for the Puget Sound Demonstration Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Dennis K; Koenig, Brett E; Mokhtarian, Patricia L

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    B. and P. L. Mokhtarian (1993) "Puget Sound TelecommutingQuaid, M. and B. Lagerberg (1992) "Puget Sound Telecommutingof Telecommuting for the Puget Sound Demonstration Project

  12. Review: Saving Puget Sound: A Conservation Strategy for the 21st Century by John Lombard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Ryder W.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Review: Saving Puget Sound: a Conservation Strategy for theUSA John Lombard. Saving Puget Sound: A Conservationan impassioned plea to save the Puget Sound region from the

  13. Puget Sound Area Electric Reliability Plan : Draft Environmental Impact State.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Puget Sound Area Electric Reliability Plan Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) identifies the alternatives for solving a power system problem in the Puget Sound area. This Plan is undertaken by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), Puget Sound Power Light, Seattle City Light, Snohomish Public Utility District No. 1 (PUD), and Tacoma Public Utilities. The Plan consists of potential actions in Puget Sound and other areas in the State of Washington. A specific need exists in the Puget Sound area for balance between east-west transmission capacity and the increasing demand to import power generated east of the Cascades. At certain times of the year, there is more demand for power than the electric system can supply in the Puget Sound area. This high demand, called peak demand, occurs during the winter months when unusually cold weather increases electricity use for heating. The existing power system can supply enough power if no emergencies occur. However, during emergencies, the system will not operate properly. As demand grows, the system becomes more strained. To meet demand, the rate of growth of demand must be reduced or the ability to serve the demand must be increased, or both. The plan to balance Puget Sound's power demand and supply has these purposes: The plan should define a set of actions that would accommodate ten years of load growth (1994--2003). Federal and State environmental quality requirements should be met. The plan should be consistent with the plans of the Northwest Power Planning Council. The plan should serve as a consensus guideline for coordinated utility action. The plan should be flexible to accommodate uncertainties and differing utility needs. The plan should balance environmental impacts and economic costs. The plan should provide electric system reliability consistent with customer expectations. 29 figs., 24 tabs.

  14. Puget Sound Energy- Resource Conservation Manager Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Puget Sound Energy's (PSE) Resource Conservation Manager Program (RCM) provides funding and support to customers who hire a RCM. The role of an RCM is to increase efficiency by focusing on...

  15. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 106, NO. B7, PAGES 13,541-13,564, JULY 10, 2001 Upper crustal structure in Puget Lowland, Washington: Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramachandran, Kumar

    structure in Puget Lowland, Washington: Results from the 1998SeismicHazards Investigationin PugetA.Fisher,·RayE.Wells,·andtheSHIPSWorkingGroup3 Abstract. A newthree-dimensional(3-D) modelshowsseismicvelocitiesbeneaththePuget Lowlandtoa-arrivaltraveltimesrecordedduringthe1998SeismicHazardsInvestigationinPuget Sound

  16. Radiological surveys of Naval facilities on Puget Sound. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lloyd, V.D.; Blanchard, R.L.

    1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents results of surveys conducted to assess levels of environmental radioactivity resulting from maintenance and operation of nuclear-powered warships at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Naval Submarine Base, Bangor, and the proposed Carrier Battle Group Homeporting Site in northwestern Washington. The purpose of the survey was to determine if activities related to nuclear-powered warships resulted in release of radionuclides that may contribute to significant population exposure or contamination of the environment.

  17. Central Puget Sound freeway network usage and performance. Research report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ishimaru, J.M.; Hallenbeck, M.E.

    1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The summary report presents an overview of the level of traveler usage (e.g., how many vehicles use the freeways) and travel performance (e.g., how fast they are traveling, where and how often congestion occurs) on the principal urban freeways in the central Puget Sound area for 1997. Data presented in this report were collected by the Washington State Department of Transportation`s (WDSOT`s) freeway surveillance system.

  18. NOAA Support for Puget Sound Shellfish: Native Oysters, Abalone &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NOAA Support for Puget Sound Shellfish: Native Oysters, Abalone & a Healthy Marine Habitatnoaa shellfish aquaculture and conservation in Puget Sound as part of NOAA's comprehensive strategy,000 to Rebuild Native Oysters in Puget Sound According to The Nature Conservancy, "shellfish reefs are the most

  19. patible with the distribution and behavior of Puget Sound ratfish.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    patible with the distribution and behavior of Puget Sound ratfish. While no quantitative measurements were made of light intensity or wavelength, to the human eye, the water in Puget Sound is quite it is found closer to shore in Puget Sound than in other areas in its range. In summary, the data indicate

  20. Ecology of Puget Sound Winter 2001: All Level Group Contract

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thuesen, Erik V.

    - 1 - Ecology of Puget Sound Winter 2001: All Level Group Contract Faculty: Erik Thuesen (thuesene@evergreen.edu), Lab 1 3065 This program will investigate ecological interactions of the organisms in the Puget Sound in Puget Sound for hands-on observations and field work. There will be one multi-day field trip to Friday

  1. South Puget Sound Community College Portland State University Transfer Worksheet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caughman, John

    South Puget Sound Community College Portland State University Transfer Worksheet Transferring to Portland State University (PSU) with a Direct Transfer Agreement (DTA) Associates degree from South Puget) #12;South Puget Sound Community College Portland State University 2. DEGREE REQUIREMENTS The majority

  2. Impacts of Center-Based Telecommuting on Travel and Emissions: Analysis of the Puget Sound Demonstration Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Dennis K.; Mokhtarian, Patricia L.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of telecommuting D. , for the Puget Sound Demonstrationof transportation strategies: The Puget Sound TelecommutingLagerberg B. (1992) Puget sound telecommutingdemonstration:

  3. Using Travel Diary Data to Estimate the Emissions Impacts of Transportation Strategies: The Puget Sound Telecommuting Demonstration Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Dennis K.; Koenig, Brett E.; Mokhtarian, Patricia L.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1996. Davis), M. ; B. ~Puget telecommuting Sound demons~’a-of Transportation Strategies: The Puget Sound Telecomrnutingof Transportation Strategies: The Puget Sound Telecommuting

  4. Impacts of Center-Based Telecommuting on Travel and Emissions: Analysis of the Puget Sound Demonstration Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Dennis; Mohktarian, Patricia

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lagerberg B. (1992) Puget sound telecommuting demonstration:EMISSIONS: ANALYSIS OF THE PUGET SOUND DEMONSTRATION PROJECTthe travel diaries of the Puget Sound Project participants.

  5. Puget Sound Dissolved Oxygen Modeling Study: Development of an Intermediate-Scale Hydrodynamic Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Zhaoqing; Khangaonkar, Tarang; Labiosa, Rochelle G.; Kim, Taeyun

    2010-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Washington State Department of Ecology contracted with Pacific Northwest National Laboratory to develop an intermediate-scale hydrodynamic and water quality model to study dissolved oxygen and nutrient dynamics in Puget Sound and to help define potential Puget Sound-wide nutrient management strategies and decisions. Specifically, the project is expected to help determine 1) if current and potential future nitrogen loadings from point and non-point sources are significantly impairing water quality at a large scale and 2) what level of nutrient reductions are necessary to reduce or dominate human impacts to dissolved oxygen levels in the sensitive areas. In this study, an intermediate-scale hydrodynamic model of Puget Sound was developed to simulate the hydrodynamics of Puget Sound and the Northwest Straits for the year 2006. The model was constructed using the unstructured Finite Volume Coastal Ocean Model. The overall model grid resolution within Puget Sound in its present configuration is about 880 m. The model was driven by tides, river inflows, and meteorological forcing (wind and net heat flux) and simulated tidal circulations, temperature, and salinity distributions in Puget Sound. The model was validated against observed data of water surface elevation, velocity, temperature, and salinity at various stations within the study domain. Model validation indicated that the model simulates tidal elevations and currents in Puget Sound well and reproduces the general patterns of the temperature and salinity distributions.

  6. A Survey of Biological Underwater Noises Off the Coast of California and in Upper Puget Sound

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Martin W

    1943-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OF CALIFORNIA AND IN UPPER PUGET SOUND by Martin W Johnson iin noise conditions in the Puget Sound area. ii CONFIDENTIALin background noises in the Puget Sound area which had been

  7. Travel Trends Using the Puget Sound Panel Survey: A Generalized Estimating Equations Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yee, Julie; Niemeier, Debbie

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    panel survey for the Puget Sound Region. Trans­ portationTravel trends using the Puget Sound Panel Table 18. Wave 1longitudinal data from the Puget Sound Transportation Panel.

  8. Puget Sound Energy- Portable Classroom Energy Efficient Controls Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Puget Sound Energy's (PSE) Portable Classroom Controls Rebate program offers rebates to school customers who upgrade portable classroom controls from seven-day programmable thermostats to 365-day...

  9. Puget Sound Energy- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Puget Sound Energy's (PSE) Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs offer a variety of incentives for customers who purchase energy efficient appliances and equipment. Rebates include furnaces...

  10. Puget Sound Energy- Multi-Family Efficiency Programs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Puget Sound Energy (PSE) offers two different programs for multifamily energy efficiency rebates: the Multifamily Retrofit Program and the Multifamily New Construction Program. In order to...

  11. Puget Sound Energy- Commercial Energy Efficient Equipment Rebate Programs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Puget Sound Energy's (PSE) Energy Efficient Equipment Rebate Programs offer a variety of incentives to non-residential customers. Eligible technologies include lighting measures, air conditioners,...

  12. Puget Sound Dissolved Oxygen Modeling Study: Development of an Intermediate Scale Water Quality Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khangaonkar, Tarang; Sackmann, Brandon S.; Long, Wen; Mohamedali, Teizeen; Roberts, Mindy

    2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Salish Sea, including Puget Sound, is a large estuarine system bounded by over seven thousand miles of complex shorelines, consists of several subbasins and many large inlets with distinct properties of their own. Pacific Ocean water enters Puget Sound through the Strait of Juan de Fuca at depth over the Admiralty Inlet sill. Ocean water mixed with freshwater discharges from runoff, rivers, and wastewater outfalls exits Puget Sound through the brackish surface outflow layer. Nutrient pollution is considered one of the largest threats to Puget Sound. There is considerable interest in understanding the effect of nutrient loads on the water quality and ecological health of Puget Sound in particular and the Salish Sea as a whole. The Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology) contracted with Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to develop a coupled hydrodynamic and water quality model. The water quality model simulates algae growth, dissolved oxygen, (DO) and nutrient dynamics in Puget Sound to inform potential Puget Sound-wide nutrient management strategies. Specifically, the project is expected to help determine 1) if current and potential future nitrogen loadings from point and non-point sources are significantly impairing water quality at a large scale and 2) what level of nutrient reductions are necessary to reduce or control human impacts to DO levels in the sensitive areas. The project did not include any additional data collection but instead relied on currently available information. This report describes model development effort conducted during the period 2009 to 2012 under a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) cooperative agreement with PNNL, Ecology, and the University of Washington awarded under the National Estuary Program

  13. Management plan report. Unconfined open-water disposal of dredged material. Phase 2. (North and south puget sound)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains the findings of Phase II of the Puget Sound Dredged Disposal Analysis (PSDDA), a comprehensive study of unconfined dredged material disposal in deep waters of Puget Sound. The study was undertaken as a cooperative effort by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the State of Washington Departments of Natural Resources (DNR) and Ecology (Ecology). A management plan for the Phase II area (North and South Puget Sound) is presented which identifies selected unconfined, open-water disposal sites, evaluation procedures for dredged material being considered for disposal at these sites, and site management considerations including environmental monitoring.

  14. Puget Sound Dredged Disposal Analysis: Management plan assessment report. Dredged Material Management Year 1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Puget Sound Dredged Disposal Analysis (PSDDA) is an interagency program for the management of unconfined, open-water disposal of dredged material into Puget Sound, Washington. The Management Plans for the PSDDA program identify disposal sites, describe dredged material evaluation procedures, and establish site monitoring and management practices. The plans also commit the involved agencies to a cooperative annual review process which evaluates disposal site use and conditions, dredged material testing results, and new scientific information, in order to determine if changes to the evaluation procedures and/or disposal site management practices are needed. Sampling was conducted to determine any chemical/biological contamination.

  15. PUGET SOUND ENERGY, INC- 14-123-LNG

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Office of Fossil Energy gives notice of receipt of an application filed on September 4,  2014, by Puget Sound Energy, Inc. requesting authorization to import and export a combined total of up...

  16. Temporal trends of contaminants recorded in sediments of Puget Sound

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crecelius, E.A.; Curl, H.C. Jr.

    1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses the temporal trends of contamination that can be inferred from the chemical composition of age-dated sediment cores from central Puget Sound. The fine-grain sediment (less than 10% sand) of the deep region (>150m) of central Puget Sound, which accumulates relatively undisturbed sediment at a rate of approximately 1 cm per year, provides a useful record of the history of contamination. 21 refs., 4 figs.

  17. Puget Sound Reinforcement Project : Planning for Peak Power Needs : Scoping Report, Part A, Summary of Public Comments.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes public participation in the environmental scoping process for the Puget Sound Reinforcement Project, a Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and Puget Sound area utilities study of voltage stability in northwestern Washington state. The environmental scoping phase of the Puget Sound project consisted of a series of public meetings and a public comment period. The content of these meetings is summarized in 2.0, Public Involvement. In 3.0, Comment Summary, the report summarizes comments received via meetings, mail and phone. The report ends with a description of the next steps in the project. Chapter 4.0, describes the decision process to be used by BPA and area utilities. Chapter 5.0 describes opportunities for public participation in decisions to be made about the future reliability of Puget Sound's electricity supply.

  18. Contaminant loading to Puget Sound from two marinas. Puget Sound estuary program. Final report, June 1988-October 1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crecelius, E.A.; Fortman, T.J.; Kiesser, S.L.; Apts, C.W.; Cotter, O.A.

    1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Concentrations of Cu, Pb, Zn, PAH's, TBT and FC bacteria were measured in surface sediment, sediment-trap, and water-column samples at two marinas in Puget Sound during summer of 1988. Levels of contaminants inside the marinas were compared with levels outside. TBT had greatest elevation in marina sediments compared to reference sediments. Few of sediments exceeded Puget Sound AET sediment quality values but most did exceed PSDDA screening levels for in-water disposal of dredged sediment. All marinas estimated to contribute less than one percent of total mass loading of Cu, Pb and Zn to main basin of Puget Sound. Contribution of TBT may be much more significant if antifouling paints are the major source for Puget Sound.

  19. EIS-0173: Bonneville Power Administration/Puget Power Northwest Washington Transmission Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) prepared this environmental impact statement to analyze the environmental impacts of an upgrade that BPA and Puget Sound Power & Light Company are considering implementing on the existing high- voltage transmission system in the Whatcom and Skagit Counties area of the State of Washington, between the towns of Custer and Sedro Woolley, including some areas within the City of Bellingham, starting in 1995.

  20. From the Tides of Puget Sound to Your Plate: Northwest Shellfish

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    From the Tides of Puget Sound to Your Plate: Northwest Shellfish Industry Provides Important for Puget Sound's ecosystem. Together with our partners, we are strengthening the health of our ecosystem

  1. Trace metal and ancillary data in the watersheds and urban embayments of Puget Sound. Data report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paulson, A.J.; Curl, H.C.; Feely, R.A.; Massoth, G.J.; Krogslund, K.A.

    1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the first of three data reports encompassing trace metal and ancillary data obtained by the Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL) of NOAA in Puget Sound, Washington, between 1979 and 1986. The report includes the complete data set from two urban embayments (Elliott and Commencement Bays) and the watersheds discharging into Puget Sound. Building on research then underway at PMEL on estuarine circulation, laboratory scientists began a coordinated study that began with the description of the distribution of properties (salinity, temperature, trace metals and trace organics) in the water column and underlying sediments. The objectives of the Marine Environmental Quality trace metal program were (1) to quantify the sources and sinks of selected trace metals for Puget Sound, (2) to determine geochemical mechanisms that transform trace metals between the dissolved and particulate phases and (3) to determine to what extent these geochemical mechanisms alter the fate of trace metals entering Puget Sound. The text of the data report consists of the sampling and analytical methods with the accompanying quality control/quality assurance data. The text of the data sections are a summary of the data and published literature in which the data are interpreted along with a catalogue of the data available on microfiche located in the back pocket of the data report.

  2. A High Resolution Hydrodynamic Model of Puget Sound to Support Nearshore Restoration Feasibility Analysis and Design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khangaonkar, Tarang; Yang, Zhaoqing

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Estuarine and coastal hydrodynamic processes are sometimes neglected in the design and planning of nearshore restoration actions. Despite best intentions, efforts to restore nearshore habitats can result in poor outcomes if circulation and transport which also affect freshwater-saltwater interactions are not properly addressed. Limitations due to current land use can lead to selection of sub-optimal restoration alternatives that may result in undesirable consequences, such as flooding, deterioration of water quality, and erosion, requiring immediate remedies and costly repairs. Uncertainty with achieving restoration goals, such as recovery of tidal exchange, supply of sediment and nutrients, and establishment of fish migration pathways, may be minimized by using numerical models designed for application to the nearshore environment. A high resolution circulation and transport model of the Puget Sound, in the state of Washington, was developed to assist with nearshore habitat restoration design and analysis, and to answer the question “can we achieve beneficial restoration outcomes at small local scale, as well as at a large estuary-wide scale?” The Puget Sound model is based on an unstructured grid framework to define the complex Puget Sound shoreline using a finite volume coastal ocean model (FVCOM). The capability of the model for simulating the important nearshore processes, such as circulation in complex multiple tidal channels, wetting and drying of tide flats, and water quality and sediment transport as part of restoration feasibility, are illustrated through examples of restoration projects in Puget Sound.

  3. 3. Fluvial Processes in Puget Sound Rivers and the Pacific Northwest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    3. Fluvial Processes in Puget Sound Rivers and the Pacific Northwest John M. Buffington*, Richard D and response potential in the Puget Sound region. We also review the influence of different channel types or costly to maintain. *Author corrections shown in blue. in Restoration of Puget Sound Rivers, edited by D

  4. 18. Restoration of Puget Sound Rivers: Do We Know How to Do It?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montgomery, David R.

    18. Restoration of Puget Sound Rivers: Do We Know How to Do It? Susan Bolton, Derek B. Booth;484 Restoration of Puget Sound Rivers: DoWe Know How to Do It? Humans depend on a wide range of natural goods for the Puget Sound region. Several messages are repeated throughout various chapters in this volume: integrate

  5. Puget Sound Pacific Whiting, Merluccius productus, Resource and Industry: An Overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Puget Sound Pacific Whiting, Merluccius productus, Resource and Industry: An Overview MARK PEDERSEN Introduction There may be several aggregations of Pacific whiting, Merluccius pro- ductus, in Puget Sound, Wash., but only one currently supports a com- mercial fishery. This is the central Puget Sound population, which

  6. NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL PMEL-92 THE ANNUAL MEAN TRANSPORT IN PUGET SOUND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FILE NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL PMEL-92 THE ANNUAL MEAN TRANSPORT IN PUGET SOUND E. D. Cokelet R Technical Memorandum ERL PMEL-92 THE ANNUAL MEAN TRANSPORT IN PUGET SOUND E. D. Cokelet Pacific Marine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 7.2 Puget Sound's Main Axis 40 7.3 Hood Canal 43 7.4 Saratoga Passage and Deception Pass 43 7

  7. Culture of Atlantic Salmon, Sa/roo sa/ar, in Puget Sound

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Culture of Atlantic Salmon, Sa/roo sa/ar, in Puget Sound JAMES L. MIGHELL Introduction Depletion streams. A pilot study conducted in Puget Sound, Wash., showed that Atlan- tic salmon brood stock could a feasibility study and pilot test in the Pacific Northwest (Puget Sound, Wash.) to rear Atlantic salmon from

  8. 3. Fluvial Processes in Puget Sound Rivers and the Pacific Northwest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montgomery, David R.

    3. Fluvial Processes in Puget Sound Rivers and the Pacific Northwest John M. Buffington, Richard D and response potential in the Puget Sound region. We also review the influence of different channel types ambitious program for river restoration is develop- ing in the Puget Sound region driven by concerns over

  9. 5.AnthropogenicAlterations to the Biogeography of Puget Sound Salmon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montgomery, David R.

    5.AnthropogenicAlterations to the Biogeography of Puget Sound Salmon George Pess, David R influences have altered the biogeography of Puget Sound salmon, by which we mean their morpho- logical the biogeography of Puget Sound salmon at the regional scale because different juvenile Pacific salmon species

  10. University of Puget Sound Portland State University Updated 1/2/2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caughman, John

    University of Puget Sound Portland State University Updated 1/2/2013 Transfer Worksheet College-level transferable academic courses taken at University of Puget Sound will transfer to Portland State University;University of Puget Sound Portland State University Updated 1/2/2013 2. DEGREE REQUIREMENTS The majority

  11. Genetic Evidence of Postglacial Population Expansion in Puget Sound Rockfish (Sebastes emphaeus)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sotka, Erik

    Genetic Evidence of Postglacial Population Expansion in Puget Sound Rockfish (Sebastes emphaeus declined in abundance owing in part to overfishing. A striking exception is the dwarf-like Puget SoundDNA sequences also suggest that Puget Sound rockfish populations have expanded substantially since the retreat

  12. FOOD HABITS OF HARBOR SEALS (PHOCA VITULINA) IN TWO ESTUARIES IN NORTHERN PUGET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acevedo, Alejandro

    FOOD HABITS OF HARBOR SEALS (PHOCA VITULINA) IN TWO ESTUARIES IN NORTHERN PUGET SOUND, WASHINGTON ____________________________ #12;FOOD HABITS OF HARBOR SEALS (PHOCA VITULINA) IN TWO ESTUARIES IN NORTHERN PUGET SOUND, WASHINGTON (PHOCA VITULINA) IN TWO ESTUARIES IN NORTHERN PUGET SOUND, WASHINGTON by Kathryn Luxa ABSTRACT

  13. University of Washington February 1, 2014 January 31, 2018

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hochberg, Michael

    populated Puget Sound basin. In contrast, Washington's Pacific coast is an area of low population densities governance approaches have developed for Puget Sound and Washington's Pacific coast. WSG is involved in implementing the Puget Sound action agenda to restore and protect Puget Sound. WSG is also a member

  14. Chemical contamination of harbor-seal pups in Puget Sound. Puget Sound Estuary Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Calambokidis, J.; Steiger, G.H.; Lowenstine, L.J.; Becker, D.S.

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dead newborn harbor seals were collected from Smith Island in the Strait of Juan de Fuca and from Gertrude Island in southern Puget Sound. A variety of chemical contaminants were measured in different kinds of tissue from seven harbor seal pups from each location. In addition to measurements of chemical concentrations, various tissues were also evaluated microscopically for histopathological abnormalities. Finally, two methods for determining the concentrations of PCBs and DDE in blubber tissues were compared. Concentrations of PCBs, lead and silver were significantly higher in the seals from Gertrude Island than those from Smith Island. However, the concentrations of PCBs in seal pups from both locations have declined significantly since testing began in 1972.

  15. Dioxin and furan concentrations in Puget Sound crabs. Puget Sound Estuary Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dioxin and furan concentrations were measured in crabs collected from eleven areas of potential chemical contamination and one reference area in Puget Sound in the spring of 1991. While recreationally harvestable Dungeness crabs were the target species, red rock and graceful crabs were also analyzed because they were the only species which could be collected in some areas. Both crab muscle and hepatopancreatic tissues were analyzed for the presence of dioxins and furans. The results of these analyses were evaluated using EPA's human health risk assessment guidance. While dioxins and furans were present in low concentrations in all samples, it appears that only the very heavy consumer of crab muscle and hepatopancreas would see a very sizeable increase in the risk of developing cancer from these chemicals.

  16. Progress re-evaluating Puget Sound sediment apparent effects threshold values (AETs)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gries, T.H.; Waldow, K.H. [Washington Department of Ecology, Olympia, WA (United States)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Puget Sound Dredged Disposal Analysis agencies (US Army Corps of Engineers and Environmental Protection Agency, and Washington Departments of Ecology and Natural Resources) are committed to re-evaluating AETs for Puget Sound sediments, upon which regulatory guideline values and criteria are based. On behalf of the PSDDA agencies, the Department of Ecology used an expanded sediment quality database to calculate 1994 AETs. Those AETs were based on the 10-day Rhepoxinius abronius mortality and 48--96 hour echinoderm larval bioassays. Both abnormality and effective mortality (abnormality + mortality) endpoints were used as indicators of biological effects in the latter test. The echinoderm AETs derived from the abnormality endpoint were more sensitive predictors of significant adverse effects, so those AETs were examined more closely. Results showed most of the 1994 dry weight-normalized amphipod AETs remained the same as 1988 values, but some increased and one decreased. Fewer changes were observed for organic carbon-normalized amphipod AETS. Echinoderm larval abnormality AETs were generally lower than 1986 oyster larval AETS, whether dry weight or organic carbon-normalized. Amphipod values were among the highest and echinoderm values were among the lowest in the suite of Puget Sound AETs. Whether any new AETs lead to corresponding changes to the guideline values used in the PSDDA program or the criteria of the Washington`s Sediment Management Standards (173-204 WAC) will depend on several factors. The new Puget Sound amphipod and echinoderm AETs, some measures of their reliability, and potential changes to sediment quality guidelines and criteria will be presented.

  17. Manta Wings: Wave Energy Testing Floats to Puget Sound

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Columbia Power Technologies plans to test an intermediate-scale version of its wave energy converter device in Puget Sound later this year. The device, which is called Manta because its movements are similar to those of a manta stingray, sits like an iceberg on the water.

  18. Stream Health Index for the Puget Sound Lowland Grace Chiu Peter Guttorp

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    Stream Health Index for the Puget Sound Lowland Grace Chiu Peter Guttorp NRCSET e c h n i c a l R e;#12;Full title: Stream Health Index for the Puget Sound Lowland Short title: SHIPSL Authors: Grace Chiu Stream health is often measured by the multimetric benthic index of biotic integrity (B-IBI). For Puget

  19. New Developments involving the Stream Health Index for the Puget Sound Lowland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    New Developments involving the Stream Health Index for the Puget Sound Lowland Grace Chiu Peter and ecological sciences. #12;#12;Full title: New Developments involving the Stream Health Index for the Puget;SUMMARY Since the introduction of the stream health index for the Puget Sound Lowland (SHIPSL) (Chiu

  20. 1. Puget Sound Rivers and Salmon Recovery David R. Montgomery, Derek B. Booth, and Susan Bolton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montgomery, David R.

    1. Puget Sound Rivers and Salmon Recovery David R. Montgomery, Derek B. Booth, and Susan Bolton A symposium on Restoration of Puget Sound Rivers at the spring 2000 meeting of the Society for Ecological national attention on the condi- tion of rivers and streams of the Pacific Northwest (PNW). In the Puget

  1. BPA/Puget Power Northwest Washington Transmission Project : Summary of the Supplemental Draft Environmental Statement.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    BPA and Puget Sound Power and Light (Puget Power) are proposing to upgrade the existing electric transmission power system in the Whatcom and Skagit County area of northwest Washington to increase the capacity of the US-Canada Intertie transmission system. The project would satisfy the need to provide more ability to store and return energy with Canada, would provide additional capacity on the Intertie for anticipated increases in power transactions, and would increase flexibility in operation of the US and Canadian hydroelectric system. It would protect Puget Power`s local system against thermal overloads, and improve local reliability. In November 1993, Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), and Whatcom County (Washington) published a draft environmental impact statement (DEIS) for the proposed Northwest Washington Transmission Project. In order to present some shifts in need for the project and to permit additional review, BPA and Whatcom County have elected to issue a Supplemental Draft EIS. This Summary presents background material, explains project needs and purposes, and then focuses on alternatives and the possible effects.

  2. Puget Sound Energy Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I GeothermalPotentialBiopowerSolidGenerationMethod Jump to:ThisPublic Power &EnergyOpenPuente HillsPuget

  3. Reference-area performance standards for Puget Sound

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chemical and biological conditions in the sediments at sites in three areas of Puget Sound were analyzed as part of the study. Analysis of sediments from Samish Bay, Holmes Harbor, and Carr Inlet included chemical concentrations, total organic carbon, acid-volatile sulfides, total solids, grain size distribution, and sediment toxicity as measured by amphipod mortality, bivalve larvae mortality and abnormality, echinoderm embryo mortality and abnormality, juvenile polychaete mortality and biomass, and saline Microtox bacterial luminescence bioassays. The performance standards developed for Puget Sound sediment reference sites will provide a consistent basis for comparison and use of sediment data collected by various programs. Based on the performance standards developed, the report found specific stations in Carr Inlet, Holmes Harbor, and Samish Bay to be suitable as sediment reference areas.

  4. Puget Sound Area Electric Reliability Plan : Final Environmental Impact Statement.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A specific need exists in the Puget Sound area for balance between east-west transmission capacity and the increasing demand to import power generated east of the Cascades. At certain times of the year, and during certain conditions, there is more demand for power in the Puget Sound area than the transmission system and existing generation can reliably supply. This high demand, called peak demand occurs during the winter months when unusually cold weather increases electricity use for heating. The existing power system can supply enough power if no emergencies occur. However, during emergencies the system will not operate properly. As demand grows, the system becomes more strained. To meet demand, the rate of growth of demand must be reduced or the ability to serve the demand must be increased, or both.

  5. USING STRUCTURAL EQUATIONS MODELLING TO UNRAVEL THE INFLUENCE OF LAND USE PATTERNS ON TRAVEL BEHAVIOR OF URBAN ADULT WORKERS OF PUGET SOUND REGION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Abreu e Silva, João; Goulias, Konstadinos G.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    behavior observation in the Puget Sound region: sampleHighway Administration and the Puget Sound Regional Council,OF URBAN ADULT WORKERS OF PUGET SOUND REGION João de Abreu e

  6. Using Structural Equations Modelling to Unravel the Influence of Land Use Patterns on Travel Behavior of Urban Adult Workers of Puget Sound Region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    e Silva, Joao de Abreu; Goulias, Konstadinos G.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    behavior observation in the Puget Sound region: sampleHighway Administration and the Puget Sound Regional Council,OF URBAN ADULT WORKERS OF PUGET SOUND REGION João de Abreu e

  7. WashingtonSeaGrant StrategicPlan2010-2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carrington, Emily

    communities with diversified urban economies rim the densely populated Puget Sound basin. Given these differences, separate state governance approaches have developed for Puget Sound and the Washington coast. WSG is involved in implementing the Puget Sound Partnership's Action Agenda to restore and protect Puget Sound

  8. Puget Sound Communities Promote Energy Efficiency

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Using a grant funded by the Recovery Act, four organizations on Washington sate's Kitsap Peninsula are joining forces to inject energy-efficiency savings into areas that need revenue, such as public safety.

  9. An institutional assessment of the implementation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act: Puget Sound case study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farrell, S.O.; Jensen, M.S.

    1980-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

    This report examines and evaluates the capabilities and effectiveness of the institutions charged with enforcing the Clean Air Act requirements in the Puget Sound region of the State of Washington. Among the sections of the Act addressed by the study are those concerning Federal grants, designation and planning, enforcement issues, and citizen suits. The requirements for nonattainment areas specified in Title I, Part D of the Act are reviewed extensively.

  10. Voltage stability of the Puget Sound system under abnormally cold weather conditions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jimma, K.M.; Sheehan, M.T. (Puget Sound Power and Light, Bellevue, WA (United States)); Comegys, G.L. (Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR (United States)); Miller, N.W.; D'Aquila, R.

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The potential for voltage collapse in the Puget Sound area is analyzed. Shunt and series compensation schemes, as well as undervoltage load shedding, are evaluated. Twenty-five minute time simulations of the Puget Sound area system are presented, showing interaction of load dynamics with LTCs, switched compensation and protective equipment. Results and analysis are relevant to utilities worldwide which must address similar concerns.

  11. An evaluation of EPA`s proposed national sediment quality criteria applied to Puget Sound

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gries, T.H. [Washington Department of Ecology, Olympia, WA (United States)

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposed national marine and freshwater sediment quality criteria for five chemicals of concern: acenaphthene, dieldrin, endrin, fluoranthene and phenanthrene. The criteria values EPA developed were based on an equilibrium partitioning approach and are normalized to the organic carbon of the sediment. The Department of Ecology compared the proposed national marine sediment criteria for the three PAH compounds to Washington`s Sediment Management Standards (173-204 WAC), most of which were derived using the empirical ``Apparent Effects Threshold`` approach. The number of stations in Puget Sound exceeding the State`s chemical Sediment Quality Standards (SQS) was 1.7--8.1 times greater those exceeding the proposed criteria. It also appeared from early results that the latter were less sensitive predictors of stations known to exhibit significant adverse biological effects. Thus, the proposed criteria may not be as effective as the SQS when used as a regulatory tool to screen for biological effects in Puget Sound. These and other findings will be presented which generally support the EPA Science Advisory Board recommendation to use proposed national criteria in conjunction with other chemical and biological sediment quality indicators to make regulatory decisions.

  12. NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL PMEL-61 SEDIMENTATION RATES IN PUGET SOUND FROM 210pB MEASUREMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL PMEL-61 SEDIMENTATION RATES IN PUGET SOUND FROM 210pB MEASUREMENTS J ················································· 26 iii #12;#12;Sedimentation Rates in Puget Sound from 210Pb Measurements J. W. Lavelle G. J. Massoth of Puget Sound show that bottom sediments are accumulating at rates of 0.26 to 1.20 g/cm2/yr; these along

  13. VTRA 2010 2013 Preventing Oil Spills from Large Ships and Barges in Northern Puget Sound & Strait of Juan de Fuca

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VTRA 2010 2013 Preventing Oil Spills from Large Ships and Barges in Northern Puget Sound & Strait of Juan de Fuca 1 Prepared for Puget Sound Partnership and the Makah Tribe Situations Incidents Accidents likely be devastating on the long-term restoration and protection of Puget Sound and Salish Sea waters

  14. Puget Sound Hatcheries Draft EIS S-1 July 2014 Draft Environmental Impact Statement on Two Joint State and Tribal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Puget Sound Hatcheries Draft EIS S-1 July 2014 Draft Environmental Impact Statement on Two Joint State and Tribal Resource Management Plans for Puget Sound Salmon and Steelhead Hatchery Programs Introduction Salmon and steelhead have been produced in Puget Sound hatcheries since the late 1800s

  15. Coastal and Lower Elwha River, Washington, Prior to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Puget Sound, a large fjord-estuary in northwestern Washington State. The more than 3,000 km of Puget, and deltas. Puget Sound and the Georgia Basin are part of the Salish Sea (fig. 1.1), which is fed by rivers impacts, Puget Sound is home to a diverse array of biological communities and charismatic species

  16. The legacy of Pleistocene glaciation and the organization of lowland alluvial process domains in the Puget Sound region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montgomery, David R.

    in the Puget Sound region Brian D. Collins , David R. Montgomery Quaternary Research Center and Department Disequilibrium Process domains River valley morphology Concavity index Alluvial rivers of the eastern Puget

  17. Puget Sound Area Electric Reliability Plan. Appendix B : Local Generation Evaluation : Draft Environmental Impact Statement.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The information and data contained in this Appendix was extracted from numerous sources. The principle sources used for technical data were Bonneville Power Administration's 1990 Resource Program along with its technical appendix, and Chapter 8 of the Draft 1991 Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan. All cost data is reported 1988 dollars unless otherwise noted. This information was supplemented by other data developed by Puget Sound utilities who participated on the Local Generation Team. Identifying generating resources available to the Puget Sound area involved a five step process: (1) listing all possible resources that might contribute power to the Puget Sound area, (2) characterizing the technology/resource status, cost and operating characteristics of these resources, (3) identifying exclusion criteria based on the needs of the overall Puget Sound Electric Reliability Plan study, (4) applying these criteria to the list of resources, and (5) summarizing of the costs and characteristics of the final list of resources. 15 refs., 20 tabs.

  18. Control of Toxic Chemicals in Puget Sound, Phase 3: Study of Atmospheric Deposition of Air Toxics to the Surface of Puget Sound

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brandenberger, Jill M.; Louchouarn, Patrick; Kuo, Li-Jung; Crecelius, Eric A.; Cullinan, Valerie I.; Gill, Gary A.; Garland, Charity R.; Williamson, J. B.; Dhammapala, R.

    2010-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The results of the Phase 1 Toxics Loading study suggested that runoff from the land surface and atmospheric deposition directly to marine waters have resulted in considerable loads of contaminants to Puget Sound (Hart Crowser et al. 2007). The limited data available for atmospheric deposition fluxes throughout Puget Sound was recognized as a significant data gap. Therefore, this study provided more recent or first reported atmospheric deposition fluxes of PAHs, PBDEs, and select trace elements for Puget Sound. Samples representing bulk atmospheric deposition were collected during 2008 and 2009 at seven stations around Puget Sound spanning from Padilla Bay south to Nisqually River including Hood Canal and the Straits of Juan de Fuca. Revised annual loading estimates for atmospheric deposition to the waters of Puget Sound were calculated for each of the toxics and demonstrated an overall decrease in the atmospheric loading estimates except for polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and total mercury (THg). The median atmospheric deposition flux of total PBDE (7.0 ng/m2/d) was higher than that of the Hart Crowser (2007) Phase 1 estimate (2.0 ng/m2/d). The THg was not significantly different from the original estimates. The median atmospheric deposition flux for pyrogenic PAHs (34.2 ng/m2/d; without TCB) shows a relatively narrow range across all stations (interquartile range: 21.2- 61.1 ng/m2/d) and shows no influence of season. The highest median fluxes for all parameters were measured at the industrial location in Tacoma and the lowest were recorded at the rural sites in Hood Canal and Sequim Bay. Finally, a semi-quantitative apportionment study permitted a first-order characterization of source inputs to the atmosphere of the Puget Sound. Both biomarker ratios and a principal component analysis confirmed regional data from the Puget Sound and Straits of Georgia region and pointed to the predominance of biomass and fossil fuel (mostly liquid petroleum products such as gasoline and/or diesel) combustion as source inputs of combustion by-products to the atmosphere of the region and subsequently to the waters of Puget Sound.

  19. Integrated Modeling and Decision-Support System for Water Management in the Puget Sound Basin: Snow Caps to White Caps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Copping, Andrea E.; Yang, Zhaoqing; Voisin, Nathalie; Richey, Jeff; Wang, Taiping; Taira, Randal Y.; Constans, Michael; Wigmosta, Mark S.; Van Cleve, Frances B.; Tesfa, Teklu K.

    2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Final Report for the EPA-sponsored project Snow Caps to White Caps that provides data products and insight for water resource managers to support their predictions and management actions to address future changes in water resources (fresh and marine) in the Puget Sound basin. This report details the efforts of a team of scientists and engineers from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and the University of Washington (UW) to examine the movement of water in the Snohomish Basin, within the watershed and the estuary, under present and future conditions, using a set of linked numerical models.

  20. Puget Sound Tidal Energy In-Water Testing and Development Project Final Technical Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Craig W. Collar

    2012-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Tidal energy represents potential for the generation of renewable, emission free, environmentally benign, and cost effective energy from tidal flows. A successful tidal energy demonstration project in Puget Sound, Washington may enable significant commercial development resulting in important benefits for the northwest region and the nation. This project promoted the United States Department of Energy�s Wind and Hydropower Technologies Program�s goals of advancing the commercial viability, cost-competitiveness, and market acceptance of marine hydrokinetic systems. The objective of the Puget Sound Tidal Energy Demonstration Project is to conduct in-water testing and evaluation of tidal energy technology as a first step toward potential construction of a commercial-scale tidal energy power plant. The specific goal of the project phase covered by this award was to conduct all activities necessary to complete engineering design and obtain construction approvals for a pilot demonstration plant in the Admiralty Inlet region of the Puget Sound. Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County (The District) accomplished the objectives of this award through four tasks: Detailed Admiralty Inlet Site Studies, Plant Design and Construction Planning, Environmental and Regulatory Activities, and Management and Reporting. Pre-Installation studies completed under this award provided invaluable data used for site selection, environmental evaluation and permitting, plant design, and construction planning. However, these data gathering efforts are not only important to the Admiralty Inlet pilot project. Lessons learned, in particular environmental data gathering methods, can be applied to future tidal energy projects in the United States and other parts of the world. The District collaborated extensively with project stakeholders to complete the tasks for this award. This included Federal, State, and local government agencies, tribal governments, environmental groups, and others. All required permit and license applications were completed and submitted under this award, including a Final License Application for a pilot hydrokinetic license from the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. The tasks described above have brought the project through all necessary requirements to construct a tidal pilot project in Admiralty Inlet with the exception of final permit and license approvals, and the selection of a general contractor to perform project construction.

  1. Development of a Hydrodynamic Model of Puget Sound and Northwest Straits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Zhaoqing; Khangaonkar, Tarang P.

    2007-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The hydrodynamic model used in this study is the Finite Volume Coastal Ocean Model (FVCOM) developed by the University of Massachusetts at Dartmouth. The unstructured grid and finite volume framework, as well as the capability of wetting/drying simulation and baroclinic simulation, makes FVCOM a good fit to the modeling needs for nearshore restoration in Puget Sound. The model domain covers the entire Puget Sound, Strait of Juan de Fuca, San Juan Passages, and Georgia Strait at the United States-Canada Border. The model is driven by tide, freshwater discharge, and surface wind. Preliminary model validation was conducted for tides at various locations in the straits and Puget Sound using National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) tide data. The hydrodynamic model was successfully linked to the NOAA oil spill model General NOAA Operational Modeling Environment model (GNOME) to predict particle trajectories at various locations in Puget Sound. Model results demonstrated that the Puget Sound GNOME model is a useful tool to obtain first-hand information for emergency response such as oil spill and fish migration pathways.

  2. Rainwater source-receptor relationships near an isolated SO/sub 2/ emission source. [Puget Sound area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vong, R.J.; Larson, T.V.; Zoller, W.H.; Covert, D.S.; Charlson, R.J.; Sweet, I.R.; Peterson, R.E.; Miller, T.L.; O'Loughlin, J.F.; Stevenson, M.N.

    1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is important to improve our understanding of the complex relationships between emissions and subsequent deposition of atmospheric sulfur compounds. These relationships are difficult to examine in the northeastern United States and in central Europe, because the relative contributions of local and distant emissions vary. In the Puget Sound area of Washington State clean background air moves inland from the Pacific Ocean past a relatively small number of emission sources. Most precipitation falls as rain and is associated with cyclonic frontal systems which result in steady southwesterly air flow aloft. The combination of a clean background, very few sulfur sources, and consistent meteorology suggests that rainwater source-receptor relationships may be simpler in the Puget Sound area than elsewhere. The two major SO/sub 2/ emission sources in western Washington are a copper smelter located in Tacoma, WA (4 kg/sec SO/sub 2/) and a coal fired power plant located near Centralia, WA (1.7 kg/sec SO/sub 2/). The copper smelter was permanently shut down in March 1985, presenting an opportunity to validate source-receptor calculations by performing measurements both before and after the smelter closed. This paper includes a discussion of the measurements performed prior to the smelter shutdown. The approach taken to estimate the impact of the copper smelter on mesoscale rainwater composition was to determine the spatial and temporal variability of several appropriate chemical species in the rainwater.

  3. Care Net of Puget Sound is a Christ-centered ministry. We provide life-affirming support to anyone who finds themselves in an unplanned pregnancy, hurting from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Elhanan

    Care Net of Puget Sound is a Christ-centered ministry. We provide life-affirming support to anyone counties, as well as through our various programs. Care Net of Puget Sound is a volunteer-led ministry support directly to women in need. Care Net of Puget Sound receives no federal or state funding

  4. Texas A&M Transportation Institute | 2012 Page | 1 Seven transit providers in the Central Puget Sound region came together to develop the ORCA fare card system.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the Central Puget Sound region came together to develop the ORCA fare card system. The providers include outlets, phone, ticket vending machines, or ORCA customer service offices. History The Central Puget Sound to honor paper transfers. In 1999, Sound Transit and the region developed the PugetPass, which

  5. Cover. Insert, ground-shaking damage from the 1949 Puget Sound earthquake to unrein-forced masonry in Seattle, Wash. Photograph by George Cankonen, Seattle Times. Back-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldfinger, Chris

    #12;Cover. Insert, ground-shaking damage from the 1949 Puget Sound earthquake to unrein- forced to the railbed between Olympia and Tumwater, Wash., in the 1965 Puget Sound earthquake. Photograph by Greg ........................................................................................ 355 GROUND FAILURE Ground Failure Associated with the Puget Sound Region Earthquakes of April 13, 1949

  6. Evaluation of the atmospheric deposition of toxic contaminants to Puget Sound

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A growing recognition of the potential for transfer of pollutants from air to water prompted the study of the contribution of airborne toxic contaminants to water quality problems in Puget Sound. The study objectives were: (1) to develop a better understanding of the relative contribution of atmospheric deposition to toxic contaminants in Commencement Bay and (2) to develop efficient and cost-effective tools which could be used for assessing the question in other Puget Sound reaches and embayments. Commencement Bay was selected to represent a 'worst case' test area in Puget Sound because it is heavily industrialized, having a complex mix of air pollution sources and high concentrations of chemicals in the bay sediments. The study design included sampling and analysis for metals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, PCBs, aliphatic hydrocarbons, and nutrients. Several mathematical models were created or modified for the study.

  7. Development of An Empirical Water Quality Model for Stormwater Based on Watershed Land Use in Puget Sound

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cullinan, Valerie I.; May, Christopher W.; Brandenberger, Jill M.; Judd, Chaeli; Johnston, Robert K.

    2007-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The Sinclair and Dyes Inlet watershed is located on the west side of Puget Sound in Kitsap County, Washington, U.S.A. (Figure 1). The Puget Sound Naval Shipyard (PSNS), U.S Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), the Washington State Department of Ecology (WA-DOE), Kitsap County, City of Bremerton, City of Bainbridge Island, City of Port Orchard, and the Suquamish Tribe have joined in a cooperative effort to evaluate water-quality conditions in the Sinclair-Dyes Inlet watershed and correct identified problems. A major focus of this project, known as Project ENVVEST, is to develop Water Clean-up (TMDL) Plans for constituents listed on the 303(d) list within the Sinclair and Dyes Inlet watershed. Segments within the Sinclair and Dyes Inlet watershed were listed on the State of Washington’s 1998 303(d) because of fecal coliform contamination in marine water, metals in sediment and fish tissue, and organics in sediment and fish tissue (WA-DOE 2003). Stormwater loading was identified by ENVVEST as one potential source of sediment contamination, which lacked sufficient data for a contaminant mass balance calculation for the watershed. This paper summarizes the development of an empirical model for estimating contaminant concentrations in all streams discharging into Sinclair and Dyes Inlets based on watershed land use, 18 storm events, and wet/dry season baseflow conditions between November 2002 and May 2005. Stream pollutant concentrations along with estimates for outfalls and surface runoff will be used in estimating the loading and ultimately in establishing a Water Cleanup Plan (TMDL) for the Sinclair-Dyes Inlet watershed.

  8. Study of the Acoustic Effects of Hydrokinetic Tidal Turbines in Admiralty Inlet, Puget Sound

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brian Polagye; Jim Thomson; Chris Bassett; Jason Wood; Dom Tollit; Robert Cavagnaro; Andrea Copping

    2012-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Hydrokinetic turbines will be a source of noise in the marine environment - both during operation and during installation/removal. High intensity sound can cause injury or behavioral changes in marine mammals and may also affect fish and invertebrates. These noise effects are, however, highly dependent on the individual marine animals; the intensity, frequency, and duration of the sound; and context in which the sound is received. In other words, production of sound is a necessary, but not sufficient, condition for an environmental impact. At a workshop on the environmental effects of tidal energy development, experts identified sound produced by turbines as an area of potentially significant impact, but also high uncertainty. The overall objectives of this project are to improve our understanding of the potential acoustic effects of tidal turbines by: (1) Characterizing sources of existing underwater noise; (2) Assessing the effectiveness of monitoring technologies to characterize underwater noise and marine mammal responsiveness to noise; (3) Evaluating the sound profile of an operating tidal turbine; and (4) Studying the effect of turbine sound on surrogate species in a laboratory environment. This study focuses on a specific case study for tidal energy development in Admiralty Inlet, Puget Sound, Washington (USA), but the methodologies and results are applicable to other turbine technologies and geographic locations. The project succeeded in achieving the above objectives and, in doing so, substantially contributed to the body of knowledge around the acoustic effects of tidal energy development in several ways: (1) Through collection of data from Admiralty Inlet, established the sources of sound generated by strong currents (mobilizations of sediment and gravel) and determined that low-frequency sound recorded during periods of strong currents is non-propagating pseudo-sound. This helped to advance the debate within the marine and hydrokinetics acoustic community as to whether strong currents produce propagating sound. (2) Analyzed data collected from a tidal turbine operating at the European Marine Energy Center to develop a profile of turbine sound and developed a framework to evaluate the acoustic effects of deploying similar devices in other locations. This framework has been applied to Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish Country's demonstration project in Admiralty Inlet to inform postinstallation acoustic and marine mammal monitoring plans. (3) Demonstrated passive acoustic techniques to characterize the ambient noise environment at tidal energy sites (fixed, long-term observations recommended) and characterize the sound from anthropogenic sources (drifting, short-term observations recommended). (4) Demonstrated the utility and limitations of instrumentation, including bottom mounted instrumentation packages, infrared cameras, and vessel monitoring systems. In doing so, also demonstrated how this type of comprehensive information is needed to interpret observations from each instrument (e.g., hydrophone data can be combined with vessel tracking data to evaluate the contribution of vessel sound to ambient noise). (5) Conducted a study that suggests harbor porpoise in Admiralty Inlet may be habituated to high levels of ambient noise due to omnipresent vessel traffic. The inability to detect behavioral changes associated with a high intensity source of opportunity (passenger ferry) has informed the approach for post-installation marine mammal monitoring. (6) Conducted laboratory exposure experiments of juvenile Chinook salmon and showed that exposure to a worse than worst case acoustic dose of turbine sound does not result in changes to hearing thresholds or biologically significant tissue damage. Collectively, this means that Chinook salmon may be at a relatively low risk of injury from sound produced by tidal turbines located in or near their migration path. In achieving these accomplishments, the project has significantly advanced the District's goals of developing a demonstration-scale tidal energy proj

  9. The impact of scavenging on trace metal budgets in Puget Sound

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paulson, A.J.; Feely, R.A.; Curl, H.C. Jr.; Geiselman, T. (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Seattle, WA (USA)); Crecelius, E.A. (Battelle Marine Research Laboratory, Sequim, WA (USA))

    1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The distributions of dissolved and particulate Mn, Pb, Cu and Zn in Puget Sound, its tributaries, and its sediments were determined to illustrate the impact of scavenging reactions on trace metal budgets of a large fjordlike estuary. About 75% of the dissolved Pb discharged into the main basin of Puget Sound was scavenged from the dissolved phase. The high particulate Pb concentrations in regions of high particulate Mn concentrations and the significant correlations between Pb and Mn concentrations on suspended particles demonstrate the importance of hydrous manganese oxide phases in scavenging dissolved Pb. Since particles are effectively retained within the main basin, scavenging results in the sedimentation of about 70% of the total Pb added to the main basin. Only isolated instances of scavenging of dissolved Cu and Zn were observed and the discharge rates of dissolved Cu and Zn from known sources were equal to their rates of advective removal within the errors of the budge. The remineralization of organically-bound particulate Cu is partly responsible for its quasi-conservative behavior within the main basin of Puget Sound. The fates of Cu and Zn are controlled mainly by physical processes such as advection and settling of particles. Advection removes about 60% of the total Cu and Zn added to the main basin while 40% is deposited in the sediments of Puget Sound.

  10. Evaluation of the atmospheric deposition of toxic contaminants to Puget Sound, appendices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The document contains the appendices for the report 'Evaluation of the Atmospheric Deposition of Toxic Contaminants to Puget Sound', (PB93-122208). Contents include Literature Survey; Meteorological Data; Laboratory Results - Six-Month Aerosol and Deposition Study; Emission Inventory; Laboratory Results--18-Day Receptor Modeling Field Study; Diffusion/Transport Modeling; Integration of Results; Supporting Documents.

  11. Enumeration and phylogenetic analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading marine bacteria from Puget Sound sediments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Geiselbrecht, A.D.; Herwig, R.P.; Deming, J.W.; Staley, J.T. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are primarily released into the environment through anthropomorphic sources. PAH degradation has been known to occur in marine sediments. This paper describes the enumeration, isolation, and preliminary characterization of PAH-degrading strains from Puget Sound sediments. 38 refs., 3 figs., 3 tabs.

  12. Disposal site-selection technical appendix. Phase 2. (North and South Puget Sound)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kendall, D.; Jamison, D.; Malek, J.; Ehlers, P.

    1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document is a technical appendix to both the Proposed Management Plan Report and the Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for the Puget Sound Dredged Disposal Analysis (PSDDA) Phase II study covering north and south Puget Sound. Results of disposal-site-selection studies for Phase II of PSDDA, are summarized herein. Phase II includes the southern portion of Puget Sound south of the Tacoma Narrows and the northern portion of Puget Sound north of Admiralty Inlet to the U.S./Canadian border and west to Port Angeles. DSWG's task in Phase II was to identify suitable unconfined, open-water disposal sites. This technical appendix summarizes the process by which DSWG carried out its task. Each site includes a 900-foot radius, 58-acre surface disposal zone within which all dredged material must be released. Each of the dispersive sites includes a 1,500-foot radius, 162-acre surface disposal zone within which all dredgfed material must be released. The capacities of the nondispersive disposal sites in the Phase II area are estimated to be several times the probable volume of dredged material projected for disposal through the year 2000.

  13. Structural Changes in Gill DNA Reveal the Effects of Contaminants on Puget Sound Fish

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malins, Donald C.; Stegeman, John J.; Anderson, Jack W.; Johnson, Paul M.; Gold, Jordan; Anderson, Katie M.

    2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Structural differences were identified in gill DNA from two groups of English sole collected from Puget Sound, Washington, in October 2000. One group was from the industrialized Duwamish River (DR) in Seattle and the other from relatively clean Quartermaster Harbor (QMH). Chemical markets of sediment contamination [e.g., polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHS) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)] established that the DR was substantially more contaminated than QMH. The levels of these chemicals in the sediments of both sites were consistent with levels of cytochrome P450 IA (CYPIA) expression in the gills of English sole from the same sites. Structural differences in gill DNA between the groups were evinced via statistical models of Fourier transform-infrared (FT-IR) spectra. Marked structural damage was found in the gill DNA of the DR fish as reflected in differences in base functional groups (e.g., C-0 and NH2) and conformational properties (e.g., arising from perturbations in vertical base stacking interactions). These DNA differences were used to discriminate between the two fish groups through principal components analysis of mean FT-IR spectra In addition, logistic recession analysis allowed for the development of a ''DNA damage index'' to assess the effects of contaminants on the gill. The evidence implies that environmental chemicals contribute to the DNA changes in the gill. The damaged DNA is a promising marker for identifying, through gill biopsies, contaminant effects on fish.

  14. Contaminant Concentrations in Storm Water Entering the Sinclair/Dyes Inlet Subasin of the Puget Sound, USA, During Storm Event and Baseflow Conditions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brandenberger, Jill M.; May, Christopher W.; Cullinan, Valerie I.; Johnston, Robert K.; Leisle, D. E.; Beckwith, B.; Sherrell, Gerald; Mettallo, David; Pingree, Ryan

    2007-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The Sinclair and Dyes Inlet watershed is located on the west side of Puget Sound in Kitsap County, Washington, U.S.A. (Figure 1). Puget Sound Naval Shipyard (PSNS), U.S Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), the Washington State Department of Ecology (WA-DOE), Kitsap County, City of Bremerton, City of Bainbridge Island, City of Port Orchard, and the Suquamish Tribe have joined in a cooperative effort to evaluate water-quality conditions the Sinclair-Dyes Inlet watershed and correct identified problems. A major focus of this project, known as Project ENVVEST, is to develop Water Clean-up (TMDL) Plans for constituents listed on the 303(d) list within the Sinclair and Dyes Inlet watershed. Segments within the Sinclair and Dyes Inlet watershed were listed on the State of Washington’s 1998 303(d) due to fecal coliform contamination in marine water, metals in sediment and fish tissue, and organics in sediment and fish tissue (WA-DOE 2003). Stormwater loading was identified by ENVVEST as one potential source of sediment contamination, which lacked sufficient data for the contaminant mass balance calculations conducted for the watershed. This paper summarizes the contaminant concentrations in representative streams and outfalls discharging into Sinclair and Dyes Inlets during 18 storm events and wet/dry season baseflow conditions between November 2002 and May 2005. This paper serves as a portion of the report titled, “Surface and Stormwater Quality Assessment for Sinclair and Dyes Inlet, Washington” (Brandenberger et al. 2007).

  15. Puget Sound Clean Cities Coalition | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form History Facebook icon TwitterZip JumpProwindPuda Coal Inc Jump|Puget

  16. Historical trends in the accumulation of chemicals in Puget Sound sediment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crecelius, E.; Cullinan, V.; Lefkovitz, L. [Battelle/Marine Sciences Lab., Sequim, WA (United States); Pevan, C. [Battelle Ocean Sciences Lab., Duxbury, MA (United States)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    As human activity in and around Puget Sound increased, so did the contaminant levels in the sediment. Sediment cores collected in 1 982 revealed inputs of chemicals to the Sound, including lead (Pb), mercury (Hg), silver (Ag), copper (Cu) and petroleum hydrocarbons, began to increase above background in the late 1800s and peaked between 1945 and 1965. Synthetic organic compounds, such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and DDT, first appeared in sediments deposited in the 1930s and reached a maximum in the 1960s. The presence of the subsurface maximum concentrations suggests that pollution-control strategies have improved the sediment quality of central Puget Sound. Additional sediment coring was performed in 1991 and samples were collected at six locations in the main basin of Puget Sound. Sediment ages were determined using Pb{sup 210} radio isotope dating. Sedimentation rates were approximately 1 to 2 cm/yr and deposition rates ranged from 480 to 1000 mg/cm2/yr. The contaminant level of many metals has continued to decrease steadily in the last 10 years. The mean concentration of Pb, for example, has decreased upwards of 20% during this period, with an overall drop of about 30% since its maximum concentration in the 1950s and 1960s. Hydrocarbon contamination appears to parallel that of heavy metals. Significant decrease in PCB and DDT concentrations were also observed with a 2 to 4-fold decrease in surficial sediment concentrations. Concentrations of Ag, As, Cu, Hg, Sb, and Zn have declined significantly in the last 20 years, lending support to the hypothesis that the strengthening of environmental regulations since 1970 has influenced the water quality of Puget Sound.

  17. Trace metal and ancillary data in Puget Sound: August 1986. Data report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paulson, A.J.; Curl, H.C.; Feely, R.A.; Krogslund, K.A.; Hanson, S.

    1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The third data report, data from a single cruise in the urban embayments and open waters of Puget Sound during August 1986 are listed. The data are presented geographically. Building on research then underway at PMEL on estuarine circulation, laboratory scientists began a coordinated study that began with the description of the distribution of properties (salinity, temperature, trace metals and trace organics) in the water column and underlying sediments. The objectives of the Marine Environmental Quality trace metal program were (1) to quantify the sources and sinks of selected trace metals for Puget Sound, (2) to determine geochemical mechanisms that transform trace metals between the dissolved and particulate phases and (3) to determine to what extent these geochemical mechanisms alter the fate of trace metals entering Puget Sound. The text of the data report consists of the sampling and analytical methods with the accompanying quality control/quality assurance data. The text of the data sections are a summary of the data and published literature in which the data are interpreted along with a catalogue of the data available on microfiche located in the back pocket of the data report. In most cases, a table consists of one station with the parameters as columns and the depths as rows.

  18. Tidal Residual Eddies and their Effect on Water Exchange in Puget Sound

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Zhaoqing; Wang, Taiping

    2013-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Tidal residual eddies are one of the important hydrodynamic features in tidally dominant estuaries and coastal bays, and they could have significant effects on water exchange in a tidal system. This paper presents a modeling study of tides and tidal residual eddies in Puget Sound, a tidally dominant fjord-like estuary in the Pacific Northwest coast, using a three-dimensional finite-volume coastal ocean model. Mechanisms of vorticity generation and asymmetric distribution patterns around an island/headland were analyzed using the dynamic vorticity transfer approach and numerical experiments. Model results of Puget Sound show that a number of large twin tidal residual eddies exist in the Admiralty Inlet because of the presence of major headlands in the inlet. Simulated residual vorticities near the major headlands indicate that the clockwise tidal residual eddy (negative vorticity) is generally stronger than the anticlockwise eddy (positive vorticity) because of the effect of Coriolis force. The effect of tidal residual eddies on water exchange in Puget Sound and its sub-basins were evaluated by simulations of dye transport. It was found that the strong transverse variability of residual currents in the Admiralty Inlet results in a dominant seaward transport along the eastern shore and a dominant landward transport along the western shore of the Inlet. A similar transport pattern in Hood Canal is caused by the presence of tidal residual eddies near the entrance of the canal. Model results show that tidal residual currents in Whidbey Basin are small in comparison to other sub-basins. A large clockwise residual circulation is formed around Vashon Island near entrance of South Sound, which can potentially constrain the water exchange between the Central Basin and South Sound.

  19. Tidally averaged circulation in Puget Sound sub-basins: Comparison of historical data, analytical model, and numerical model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khangaonkar, Tarang; Yang, Zhaoqing; Kim, Tae Yun; Roberts, Mindy

    2011-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Through extensive field data collection and analysis efforts conducted since the 1950s, researchers have established an understanding of the characteristic features of circulation in Puget Sound. The pattern ranges from the classic fjordal behavior in some basins, with shallow brackish outflow and compensating inflow immediately below, to the typical two-layer flow observed in many partially mixed estuaries with saline inflow at depth. An attempt at reproducing this behavior by fitting an analytical formulation to past data is presented, followed by the application of a three-dimensional circulation and transport numerical model. The analytical treatment helped identify key physical processes and parameters, but quickly reconfirmed that response is complex and would require site-specific parameterization to include effects of sills and interconnected basins. The numerical model of Puget Sound, developed using unstructured-grid finite volume method, allowed resolution of the sub-basin geometric features, including presence of major islands, and site-specific strong advective vertical mixing created by bathymetry and multiple sills. The model was calibrated using available recent short-term oceanographic time series data sets from different parts of the Puget Sound basin. The results are compared against (1) recent velocity and salinity data collected in Puget Sound from 2006 and (2) a composite data set from previously analyzed historical records, mostly from the 1970s. The results highlight the ability of the model to reproduce velocity and salinity profile characteristics, their variations among Puget Sound subbasins, and tidally averaged circulation. Sensitivity of residual circulation to variations in freshwater inflow and resulting salinity gradient in fjordal sub-basins of Puget Sound is examined.

  20. Use of Advanced Meteorological Model Output for Coastal Ocean Modeling in Puget Sound

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Zhaoqing; Khangaonkar, Tarang; Wang, Taiping

    2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is a great challenge to specify meteorological forcing in estuarine and coastal circulation modeling using observed data because of the lack of complete datasets. As a result of this limitation, water temperature is often not simulated in estuarine and coastal modeling, with the assumption that density-induced currents are generally dominated by salinity gradients. However, in many situations, temperature gradients could be sufficiently large to influence the baroclinic motion. In this paper, we present an approach to simulate water temperature using outputs from advanced meteorological models. This modeling approach was applied to simulate annual variations of water temperatures of Puget Sound, a fjordal estuary in the Pacific Northwest of USA. Meteorological parameters from North American Region Re-analysis (NARR) model outputs were evaluated with comparisons to observed data at real-time meteorological stations. Model results demonstrated that NARR outputs can be used to drive coastal ocean models for realistic simulations of long-term water-temperature distributions in Puget Sound. Model results indicated that the net flux from NARR can be further improved with the additional information from real-time observations.

  1. Contaminant Mass Balance for Sinclair and Dyes Inlets, Puget Sound, WA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crecelius, Eric A.; Johnston, Robert K.; Leather, Jim; Guerrero, Joel; Miller, Martin C.; Brandenberger, Jill M.

    2003-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Sinclair Inlet and Dyes Inlets have historically received contaminates from military installations, industrial activities, municipal outfalls, and other nonpoint sources. For the purpose of determining a ?total maximum daily load? (TMDL) of contaminants for the Inlets, a contaminant mass balance for the sediments is being developed. Sediment cores and traps were collected from depositional areas of the Inlets and surface sediment grabs were collected from fluvial deposits associated with major drainage areas into the Inlets. All sediment samples were screened using X-Ray fluorescence (XRF) for metals, UV fluorescence for organics (PAHs), and immunoassay for PCBs. A subset of split-samples was analyzed using ICP/MS for metals and GC/MS for phthalates, PAHs, and PCBs. Sediment cores were age-dated using radionuclides to determine the sedimentation rate and the history of sediment contamination. Streams and storm water outfalls were sampled in both the wet and dry seasons to assess loading from the watershed. Seawater samples collected from the marine waters of the Inlets and boundary passages to central Puget Sound were used to estimate the exchange of contaminates with central Puget Sound. The historical trends from the cores indicate that contamination was at a maximum in the middle of the 1900s and decreased significantly by the late 1900s. The thickness of the contaminated sediment is in the range of 30 to 50 cm.

  2. Puget Sound Area Electric Reliability Plan : Appendix E, Transmission Reinforcement Analysis.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this appendix to the draft environmental impact statement (EIS) report is to provide an update of the latest study work done on transmission system options for the Puget Sound Area Electric Reliability Plan. Also included in the attachments to the EIS are 2 reports analyzing the voltage stability of the Puget Sound transmission system and a review by Power Technologies, Inc. of the BPA voltage stability analysis and reactive options. Five transmission line options and several reactive options are presently being considered as possible solutions to the PSAFRP by the Transmission Team. The first two line options would be built on new rights-of way adjacent (as much as possible) to existing corridors. The reactive options would optimize the existing transmission system capability by adding new stations for series capacitors and/or switchgear. The other three line options are rebuilds or upgrades of existing cross mountain transmission lines. These options are listed below and include a preliminary assessment of the additional transmission system reinforcement required to integrate the new facilities into the existing transmission system. Plans were designed to provide at least 500 MVAR reactive margin.

  3. Puget Sound Area Electric Reliability Plan. Appendix E: Transmission Reinforcement Analysis : Draft Environmental Impact Statement.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Five transmission line options and several reactive (voltage support) options are presently being considered as possible solutions to the PSAERP by the Transmission Team. The first two line options would be built on new rights-of way adjacent (as much as possible) to existing corridors. The reactive options would optimize the existing transmission system capability by adding new stations for series capacitors and/or switchgear. The other three line options are rebuilds or upgrades of existing cross mountain transmission lines. These options are listed below and include a preliminary assessment of the additional transmission system reinforcement required to integrate the new facilities into the existing transmission system. These options were derived from earlier study work that was summarized in Puget Sound Reinforcement Transmission Options'' and New Cross Mountain Transmission Line Alternative: The Crosstie'', which are attached. The initial Transmission Options study report recognized the value to system performance of adding an entirely new circuit rather than rebuilding an existing one. However, siting realities require that rebuild options be considered. Typically, the most attractive rebuild options would be the lowest capacity (lowest voltage) circuits. But because of corridor location, length and terminal proximity, the rebuild options listed below appear to be the most promising. Schematic diagrams and QV Curves of each option are also attached. It should be noted that Snoqualmie and Echo Lake refer to the same station east of Puget Sound and Naneum and Kittitas refer to the same station in the Ellensburg area. 100 figs., 20 tabs.

  4. Puget Sound Operational Forecast System - A Real-time Predictive Tool for Marine Resource Management and Emergency Responses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Zhaoqing; Khangaonkar, Tarang; Chase, Jared M.; Wang, Taiping

    2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To support marine ecological resource management and emergency response and to enhance scientific understanding of physical and biogeochemical processes in Puget Sound, a real-time Puget Sound Operational Forecast System (PS-OFS) was developed by the Coastal Ocean Dynamics & Ecosystem Modeling group (CODEM) of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). PS-OFS employs the state-of-the-art three-dimensional coastal ocean model and closely follows the standards and procedures established by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Ocean Service (NOS). PS-OFS consists of four key components supporting the Puget Sound Circulation and Transport Model (PS-CTM): data acquisition, model execution and product archive, model skill assessment, and model results dissemination. This paper provides an overview of PS-OFS and its ability to provide vital real-time oceanographic information to the Puget Sound community. PS-OFS supports pacific northwest region’s growing need for a predictive tool to assist water quality management, fish stock recovery efforts, maritime emergency response, nearshore land-use planning, and the challenge of climate change and sea level rise impacts. The structure of PS-OFS and examples of the system inputs and outputs, forecast results are presented in details.

  5. Predicting the probability of elevated nitrate concentrations in the Puget Sound Basin: Implications for aquifer susceptibility and vulnerability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tesoriero, A.J.; Voss, F.D. [Geological Survey, Tacoma, WA (United States). Water Resources Div.

    1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The occurrence and distribution of elevated nitrate concentrations in ground water in the Puget Sound Basin, Washington, were determined by examining existing data from more than 3,000 wells. Models that estimate the probability that a well has an elevated nitrate concentration were constructed by relating the occurrence of elevated nitrate concentrations to both natural and anthropogenic variables using logistic regression. The variables that best explain the occurrence of elevated nitrate concentrations were well depth, surficial geology, and the percentage of urban and agricultural land within a radius of 3.2 kilometers of the well. From these relations, logistic regression models were developed to assess aquifer susceptibility and ground-water vulnerability. Both models performed well at predicting the probability of elevated nitrate concentrations in an independent data set. This approach to assessing aquifer susceptibility and ground-water vulnerability has the advantages of having both model variables and coefficient values determined on the basis of existing water quality information and does not depend on the assignment of variables and weighting factors based on qualitative criteria.

  6. Empirical, probabilistic, and modelling approaches to assess cross-media impacts to marine sediments at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rohrer, W.L.; Vita, C.L. [URS Consultants, Inc., Seattle, WA (United States); Schrock, W. [Navy, Poulsbo, WA (United States). Engineering Field Activity Northwest; Leicht, G. [Navy, Bremerton, WA (United States)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Dredge spoils, industrial fill, and liquid wastes from the 1940s to 1970s have resulted in inorganic and organic contamination of soils, groundwater, and marine sediments near the U.S.S. Missouri and Charleston Beach parking lots at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard (PSNS), in Bremerton, Washington. Extensive collection of environmental data from several studies including the recently completed Remedial Investigation conducted under CERCLA have confirmed contaminant levels above federal risk screening levels and state regulatory criteria for several heavy metals and organic compounds, including pesticides and PCBs. Although the correlation between contamination in marine sediments and those in on-shore fill appears to be strong, there is little evidence that a viable transport pathway currently exists from soils to groundwater and thence to sediments. Several methods used to estimate chemical mass flux from soil to groundwater to sediments and marine waters of Sinclair Inlet are corroborative in this regard. Nonetheless, this result is vexing because present groundwater concentrations exceed ARARs, yet are below levels of concern in terms of mass flux to marine waters. Despite the marginal risks posed by groundwater, various remedial alternatives, including perimeter containment using a subsurface waste-stabilized containment wall, were evaluated to determine whether chemical flux could be reduced to levels below those observed at the present time. Three-dimensional flow modelling and transport modelling also confirmed that chemical fluxes were limited in magnitude and could be addressed with more conventional remedial approaches.

  7. THE AMERICAS Albert Bierstadt, Puget

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hochberg, Michael

    THE AMERICAS Albert Bierstadt, Puget Sound on the Pacific Coast A Superb Vision of Dreamland's spectacular, eight-foot- wide view of Puget Sound, which he painted but never visited. JULY 2011. 64 PP., 40

  8. Measurements of Turbulence at Two Tidal Energy Sites in Puget Sound, WA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomson, Jim; Polagye, Brian; Durgesh, Vibhav; Richmond, Marshall C.

    2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Field measurements of turbulence are pre- sented from two sites in Puget Sound, WA (USA) that are proposed for electrical power generation using tidal current turbines. Rapidly sampled data from multiple acoustic Doppler instruments are analyzed to obtain statistical mea- sures of fluctuations in both the magnitude and direction of the tidal currents. The resulting turbulence intensities (i.e., the turbulent velocity fluctuations normalized by the harmonic tidal currents) are typically 10% at the hub- heights (i.e., the relevant depth bin) of the proposed turbines. Length and time scales of the turbulence are also analyzed. Large-scale, anisotropic eddies dominate the energy spectra, which may be the result of proximity to headlands at each site. At small scales, an isotropic turbulent cascade is observed and used to estimate the dissipation rate of turbulent kinetic energy. Data quality and sampling parameters are discussed, with an emphasis on the removal of Doppler noise from turbulence statistics.

  9. BPA/Puget Power Northwest Washington Transmission Project Final Environmental Impact Statement.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and Puget Sound Power & Light Company (Puget Power) propose to upgrade the existing high-voltage transmission system in the Whatcom and Skagit counties area between the towns of Custer and Sedro Woolley, including some areas within the City of Bellingham, starting in 1995. A Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) for the project was issued in November 1993, followed by a 45-day public comment period. Public response to the DEIS included the identification of several new transmission route alternatives in the Lake Whatcom area. BPA issued a Supplemental DEIS in April 1995 to provide a second public review-and-comment period. Rebuilding an existing 230-kV line to a double-circuit 230-kV transmission line was identified in the Supplemental DEIS as the Proposed Action. The Supplemental DEIS also examined in detail a North Shore Road alternative which was proposed by some members of the public. Public comments on the EIS were listed and responded to in the Supplemental DEIS. In May 1995, a second set of open houses and public meetings was held to review the Supplemental DEIS. Electromagnetic field (EMF) effects raised as an issue in the DEIS continued to be an issue of public concern in the meetings. The EIS has identified impacts that would generally be classified as low to moderate and localized. Effects on soils and water resources in sensitive areas (e.g., near Lake Whatcom) would be low to moderate; there would be little change in magnetic fields; noise levels would remain at existing levels; and land use and property value impacts would be minimal. Threatened and endangered species would not be adversely affected, and all proposed actions in wetlands would be covered by a Corps of Engineers Nationwide Permit. Visual and socioeconomic would be low to moderate. There would be no effect on cultural resources.

  10. Trace metal and ancillary data in the open waters of Puget Sound: 1980-1985. Data report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paulson, A.J.; Curl, H.C.; Feely, R.A.; Geiselman, T.; Krogslund, K.A.

    1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the second of three data reports, the complete data set between 1980 and 1985 for the open waters of Puget Sound is presented. The water column data are divided geographically. The information gained from these data has been interpreted by PMEL scientists and is published in a variety of scientific journals that are listed within each section. Building on research then underway at PMEL on estuarine circulation, laboratory scientists began a coordinated study that began with the description of the distribution of properties (salinity, temperature, trace metals and trace organics) in the water column and underlying sediments. The objectives of the Marine Environmental Quality trace metal program were (1) to quantify the sources and sinks of selected trace metals for Puget Sound, (2) to determine geochemical mechanisms that transform trace metals between the dissolved and particulate phases and (3) to determine to what extent these geochemical mechanisms alter the fate of trace metals entering Puget Sound. The water column data are divided geographically in the following manner: Duwamish River, Duwamish Waterway, Elliott Bay and Commencement Bay and other rivers discharging into Puget Sound. In addition to the water column data, sediment trap, sediment column solid phase and sediment column interstitial phase (pore water) data are presented. The text of the data report consists of the sampling and analytical methods with the accompanying quality control/quality assurance data. The text of the data sections are a summary of the data and published literature in which the data are interpreted along with a catalogue of the data available on microfiche located in the back pocket of the data report. In most cases, a table consists of one station with the parameters as columns and the depths as rows.

  11. Potential alteration of fjordal circulation due to a large floating structure—Numerical investigation with application to Hood Canal basin in Puget Sound

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khangaonkar, Tarang; Wang, Taiping

    2013-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Circulation in typical fjords is characterized by a shallow brackish layer at the surface over a deep long and narrow saltwater column. This surface layer is responsible for the outflow of water from the fjord, is easily disrupted by external forces, such as wind, and is influenced by freshwater inflow. In this paper, we postulate that the stability of fjordal circulation may also be vulnerable to impacts from anthropogenic alterations, such as floating structures, that could constrict the mixing and transport in the upper layers of the water column. The potential for alteration of circulation in Hood Canal, a silled-fjord located inside Puget Sound, Washington, has been examined. Using classical analytical treatments along the lines formulated by Hansen and Rattray [1965], Rattray [1967], Dyer [1973] and more recently, MacCready [2004], we develop a solution applicable to a range of estuary classifications varying from a partially mixed estuary regime to classical fjord conditions. Both estuary types exist in the Puget Sound system, and we compare our analytical solution with observed data. The analysis is based on an exponential variation of eddy viscosity with depth, and it has been extended further with modifications of the free surface boundary conditions to develop a solution representing the presence of a floating bridge at the estuary/fjord entrance. The model results show that tidally averaged mean circulation under the influence of such a constraint could reduce by as much as 30 to 50 percent. The overall water quality of fjords and narrow estuaries is dependent on net circulation and flushing. A potential decrease in residual flow or a corresponding increase in residence time of this magnitude merits further study.

  12. Puget Sound Area Electric Reliability Plan : Scoping Summary Report - Part B Preliminary Technical Analysis Appendix A.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes in general terms the nature of the voltage instability problem facing the Puget Sound area. The following two chapters cover the technical aspects of the problem. It deals with load growth, the root cause of the problem. Also addressed is the capacity of the current power system and the criteria for future system planning. It also explains the technical results of transmission system modeling which confirm the system's vulnerability to voltage instability, the principal symptom of the problem. The results of the scoping process in each of the four measure categories are presented. Included are lists of all options identified, a discussion of the screening criteria, and descriptions of the measures that survived the screening process and are proposed for further evaluation in Phase 2. We discuss the evaluation methodology which will be used to refine the analyses. The next steps in the planning process are outlined. It also describes the short term operational agreements that will assure continued reliable service until a long term solution is in place. 8 figs., 22 tabs.

  13. Historical trends in the accumulation of chemicals in Puget Sound. National status and trends program for marine environmental quality: Technical memo

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lefkovitz, L.F.; Cullinan, V.I.; Crecelius, E.A.

    1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of the study is to: (1) continue monitoring historical trends in the concentration of contaminants in Puget Sound sediments, and (2) quantify recent trends in the recovery of contaminated sediments. Results from this study can be compared with those obtained in the 1982 study to determine whether sediment quality is still improving and to estimate the rate of recovery. A statistically significant reduction in sediment contamination over the past 20 years would provide empirical evidence that environmental regulation has had a positive impact on the water quality in Puget Sound. Chemical trends were evaluated from six age-dated sediment cores collected from the main basin of Puget Sound. Chemical analyses included metals, polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), PCBs and chlorinated pesticides, nutrients (total nitrogen (N), and phosphorus (P)), butyl tins, and total organic carbon (TOC). Sedimentation (cm/yr) and deposition rates (g/sq cm/yr) were estimated using a steady-state Pb-210 dating technique.

  14. Simulation of annual biogeochemical cycles of nutrient balance, phytoplankton bloom(s), and DO in Puget Sound using an unstructured grid model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khangaonkar, Tarang; Sackmann, Brandon S.; Long, Wen; Mohamedali, Teizeen; Roberts, Mindy

    2012-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Nutrient pollution from rivers, nonpoint source runoff, and nearly 100 wastewater discharges is a potential threat to the ecological health of Puget Sound with evidence of hypoxia in some basins. However, the relative contributions of loads entering Puget Sound from natural and anthropogenic sources, and the effects of exchange flow from the Pacific Ocean are not well understood. Development of a quantitative model of Puget Sound is thus presented to help improve our understanding of the annual biogeochemical cycles in this system using the unstructured grid Finite Volume Coastal Ocean Model (FVCOM) framework and the Integrated Compartment Model (CE QUAL-ICM) water quality kinetics. Results based on 2006 data show that phytoplankton growth and die-off, succession between two species of algae, nutrient dynamics, and dissolved oxygen in Puget Sound are strongly tied to seasonal variation of temperature, solar radiation, and the annual exchange and flushing induced by upwelled Pacific Ocean waters. Concentrations in the mixed outflow surface layer occupying approximately 5?20 m of the upper water column show strong effects of eutrophication from natural and anthropogenic sources, spring and summer algae blooms, accompanied by depleted nutrients but high dissolved oxygen levels. The bottom layer reflects dissolved oxygen and nutrient concentrations of upwelled Pacific Ocean water modulated by mixing with biologically active surface outflow in the Strait of Juan De Fuca prior to entering Puget Sound over the Admiralty Inlet. The effect of reflux mixing at the Admiralty Inlet sill resulting in lower nutrient and higher dissolved oxygen levels in bottom waters of Puget Sound than the incoming upwelled Pacific Ocean water is reproduced. By late winter, with the reduction in algal activity, water column constituents of interest, were renewed and the system appeared to reset with cooler temperature, higher nutrient, and higher dissolved oxygen waters from the Pacific Ocean.

  15. Multi-scale modeling of Puget Sound using an unstructured-grid coastal ocean model: from tide flats to estuaries and coastal waters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Zhaoqing; Khangaonkar, Tarang

    2010-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Water circulation in Puget Sound, a large complex estuary system in the Pacific Northwest coastal ocean of the United States, is governed by multiple spatially and temporally varying forcings from tides, atmosphere (wind, heating/cooling, precipitation/evaporation, pressure), and river inflows. In addition, the hydrodynamic response is affected strongly by geomorphic features, such as fjord-like bathymetry and complex shoreline features, resulting in many distinguishing characteristics in its main and sub-basins. To better understand the details of circulation features in Puget Sound and to assist with proposed nearshore restoration actions for improving water quality and the ecological health of Puget Sound, a high-resolution (around 50 m in estuaries and tide flats) hydrodynamic model for the entire Puget Sound was needed. Here, a threedimensional circulation model of Puget Sound using an unstructured-grid finite volume coastal ocean model is presented. The model was constructed with sufficient resolution in the nearshore region to address the complex coastline, multi-tidal channels, and tide flats. Model open boundaries were extended to the entrance of the Strait of Juan de Fuca and the northern end of the Strait of Georgia to account for the influences of ocean water intrusion from the Strait of Juan de Fuca and the Fraser River plume from the Strait of Georgia, respectively. Comparisons of model results, observed data, and associated error statistics for tidal elevation, velocity, temperature, and salinity indicate that the model is capable of simulating the general circulation patterns on the scale of a large estuarine system as well as detailed hydrodynamics in the nearshore tide flats. Tidal characteristics, temperature/salinity stratification, mean circulation, and river plumes in estuaries with tide flats are discussed.

  16. Washington University Can the Sound Generated by Modern Wind Turbines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salt, Alec N.

    Washington University Can the Sound Generated by Modern Wind Turbines Affect the Health of Those turbines haveWind turbines have been getting biggerbeen getting bigger and bigger....and bigger.... Lars Needs Wind turbines are "green" and areWind turbines are "green" and are contributing to our energy

  17. PP-6 Puget Sound Power & Light Company | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEWResponse(Expired) | Department ofINCREASES1 Northern9-1518-3 Puget

  18. International Cooperation on Environmental Issues in the Puget Sound/Georgia Basin: What Environmental Issues Could Threaten Regional Security?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lesperance, Ann M.; Judd, Kathleen S.; Peterson, Nancy S.

    2004-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Security is a growing concern worldwide, and homeland security has captured the attention of the United States over the past year and a half. In addition, awareness of the concept of environmental security—the notion that environmental degradation may have security implications—has been growing over the past decade. Internationally, environmental issues have direct links to security, as evidenced by the Middle East water disputes. While environmental security has not historically been a topic of major concern within the national boundaries of the United States or Canada, the environmental and development challenges that we’re facing in the Puget Sound/Georgia Basin (PS/GB), coupled with this growing concern for security, prompted a query to consider whether environmental or natural resource problems could pose a serious threat to regional cooperation or stability in the PS/GB and, hence, deserve more attention from regional decision-makers. This discussion is expected to provide a useful focus for future collaboration and integration in the PS/GB.

  19. A Study of Atmospheric Deposition of Air Toxics to the Waters of Puget Sound

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aguirre, Danielle

    2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    , Washington, it is vital to determine what the impacts of such growth have had on air and water quality and if greater needs in regulation are needed to curtail emissions. A bi-weekly deposition study of atmospheric particulate matter at seven sites around...

  20. Puget Sound Area Electric Reliability Plan : Supplemental Environmental Analysis, Schultz Substation.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes the purpose, function, and the environmental consequences of the proposed Schultz substation near Ellensburg, Washington. The affected environment is described in detail, including aerial survey photographs. The impacts on vegetation, fish and wildlife, soils, and water resources are described. (GHH)

  1. Effect of the ASARCO smelter shutdown on the acidity of rainfall in the Puget sound area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laulainen, N.S.; Larson, T.V.; Vong, R.J.; Zoller, W.H.

    1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The influence of the sulfur dioxide emissions from a large copper smelter in Tacoma, Washington, USA, was studied by measuring the chemical composition of rainwater collected upwind and downwind of the source, before and after permanent closure of the smelter in 1985. Data analysis was based on a statistical model that accounted for variability associated with location of 25 sampling sites within three geographic regions, smelter operation, ten individual rain events observed over 2 years, and measurement uncertainty. After smelter closure, the upwind-downwind differences in mean hydrogen ion and excess sulfate ion concentrations within a 600 km/sup 2/ region extending to 25 km downwind of the source had decreased significantly compared to the pre-closure value. No significant decreases in mean ion concentrations were observed farther downwind in the Seattle, urban area. During five events sampled prior to smelter closure, we estimate that an average of 1.7% (range 0.3 to 3.0%) of the sulfur dioxide emitted by the smelter was wet deposited as sulfate ion within a 3600 km/sup 2/ area extending 60 km downwind of the source.

  2. Annual Report: 2010-2011 Storm Season Sampling For NON-DRY DOCK STORMWATER MONITORING FOR PUGET SOUND NAVAL SHIPYARD, BREMERTON, WA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brandenberger, Jill M.; Metallo, David; Johnston, Robert K.; Gebhardt, Christine; Hsu, Larry

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This interim report summarizes the stormwater monitoring conducted for non-dry dock outfalls in both the confined industrial area and the residential areas of Naval Base Kitsap within the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard (referred to as the Shipyard). This includes the collection, analyses, and descriptive statistics for stormwater sampling conducted from November 2010 through April 2011. Seven stormwater basins within the Shipyard were sampled during at least three storm events to characterize non-dry dock stormwater discharges at selected stormwater drains located within the facility. This serves as the Phase I component of the project and Phase II is planned for the 2011-2012 storm season. These data will assist the Navy, USEPA, Ecology and other stakeholders in understanding the nature and condition of stormwater discharges from the Shipyard and inform the permitting process for new outfall discharges. The data from Phase I was compiled with current stormwater data available from the Shipyard, Sinclair/Dyes Inlet watershed, and Puget Sound in order to support technical investigations for the Draft NPDES permit. The permit would require storm event sampling at selected stormwater drains located within the Shipyard. However, the data must be considered on multiple scales to truly understand potential impairments to beneficial uses within Sinclair and Dyes Inlets.

  3. Broadband Acoustic Environment at a Tidal Energy Site in Puget Sound

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, Jinshan; Deng, Zhiqun; Martinez, Jayson J.; Carlson, Thomas J.; Myers, Joshua R.; Weiland, Mark A.

    2012-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Admiralty Inlet has been selected as a potential tidal energy site. It is located near shipping lanes, is a highly variable acoustic environment, and is frequented by the endangered southern resident killer whale (SRKW). Resolving environmental impacts is the first step to receiving approval to deploy tidal turbines. Several monitoring technologies are being considered to determine the presence of SRKW near the turbines. Broadband noise level measurements are critical for determining design and operational specifications of these technologies. Acoustic environment data at the proposed site was acquired at different depths using a cabled vertical line array from three different cruises during high tidal period in February, May, and June 2011. The ambient noise level decreases approximately 25 dB re 1 ?Pa per octave from frequency ranges of 1 kHz to 70 kHz, and increases approximately 20 dB re 1 ?Pa per octave for the frequency from 70 kHz to 200 kHz. The difference of noise pressure levels in different months varies from 10 to 30 dB re 1 ?Pa for the frequency range below 70 kHz. Commercial shipping and ferry vessel traffic were found to be the most significant contributors to sound pressure levels for the frequency range from 100 Hz to 70 kHz, and the variation could be as high as 30 dB re 1 ?Pa. These noise level measurements provide the basic information for designing and evaluating both active and passive monitoring systems proposed for deploying and operating for tidal power generation alert system.

  4. Washington – Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Law and Documentation of Discrimination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sears, Brad

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the hospital. 90 Webb v. Puget Sound Broad. Co. , 138 Lab.orientation .” § 14.04. Webb v. Puget Sound Broad. Co. ,24 He had been employed by Puget Sound Broadcasting Company

  5. BULLETIN OF THE UNITED STATES FISH COMMISSION. 353 Vol. 111,No. 83. Washington, D.C. Oct. 19, 1883.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on Puget Sound orwithin the Puget Sound infratidal region offered many advantages over any locality.:Gray. Lutraria capax Gould. West Coast, United States; Puget Sound to Snn Diego, California. I. Specimen

  6. 2009 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Portland General Electric. Puget Sound Energy. 2007. 2007Bellevue, Washington: Puget Sound Energy. SCE. 2010.Inc. (2006) [MN-MISO]; Puget Sound Energy (2007) [Puget

  7. Isolation of marine polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-degrading Cycloclasticus strains from the Gulf of Mexico and comparison of their PAH degradation ability with that of Puget Sound Cycloclasticus strains

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Geiselbrecht, A.D.; Hedlund, B.P.; Tichi, M.A.; Staley, J.T. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States). Dept. of Microbiology

    1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Phenanthrene- and naphthalene-degrading bacteria were isolated from four offshore and nearshore locations in the Gulf of Mexico by using a modified most-probable-number technique. The concentrations of these bacteria ranged from 10{sup 2} to 10{sup 6} cells per ml of wet surficial sediment in mildly contaminated and noncontaminated sediments. A total of 23 strains of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-degrading bacteria were obtained. Based on partial 16S ribosomal DNA sequences and Phenotypic characteristics, these 23 strains are members of the genus Cycloclasticus. Three representatives were chosen for a complete phylogenetic analysis, which confirmed the close relationship of these isolates to type strain Cycloclasticus pugetii PS-1, which was isolated from Puget Sound. PAH substrate utilization tests which included high-molecular-weight PAHs revealed that these isolates had similar, broad substrate ranges which included naphthalene, substituted naphthalenes, phenanthrene, biphenyl, anthracene, acenaphthene, and fluorene. Degradation of pyrene and fluoranthene occurred only when the strains were incubated with phenanthrene. Two distinct partial PAH dioxygenase iron sulfur protein (ISP) gene sequences were PCR amplified from Puget Sound and Gulf of Mexico Cycloclasticus strains. Phylogenetic analyses of these sequences revealed that one ISP type is related to the bph type of ISP sequences, while the other ISP type is related to the nah type of ISP sequences. The predicted ISP amino acid sequences for the Gulf of Mexico and Puget Sound strains are identical, which supports the hypothesis that these geographically separated isolates are closely related phylogentically. Cycloclasticus species appear to be numerically important and widespread PAH-degrading bacteria in both Puget Sound and the Gulf of Mexico.

  8. Conference program and abstracts. International Biogeography Society 6th Biennial Meeting – 9-13 January 2013, Miami, Florida, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Aurelia labiata within Puget Sound, Washington: a repeatedsabboud@ucmerced.edu In Puget Sound, Washington, the waterand Aurelia labiata). Puget Sound therefore provides a

  9. REPRODUCTIVE CYCLE OF THE SOFT-SHELL CLAM, MYA ARENARIA, AT SKAGIT BAY, WASHINGTON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    'll Skagit Bay in northern Puget Sound. Wash. Spawning occurred from late May to early September in both 1971 the annual reproductive cycle for a soft-shell clam population from Puget Sound, Wash. Skagit Bay-shell clams in Puget Sound. DESCRIPTION OF AREA Skagit Bay, Wash., is located in northern Puget Sound 60 miles

  10. The Influence of Climate Variation and Change on Structure and Processes in Nearshore Vegetated Communities of Puget Sound and other Northwest Estuaries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thom, Ronald M.; Borde, Amy B.; Blanton, Susan L.; Woodruff, Dana L.; Williams, Gregory D.

    2001-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We have been investigating the potential for variations in ocean temperature and carbon dioxide to affect nearshore vegetated communities in the Pacific Northwest. Experimental studies as well as long-term monitoring suggest that these communities will respond to climate change and that alterations in their functions may impact fisheries resources. This paper addresses the effects of sea level rise on coastal communities; temperature variations on eelgrass; carbon dioxide-enriched seawater on photosynthetic rates of mudflats, seagrasses, and bull kelp; and of increased climate variability on primary production. Conclusions show there is a clear need to focus investigations on the potential effects of a warmer and CO2-rich environment on Puget Sound's nearshore ecosystem. Experimental data as well as filed studies strongly indicate that temperature is a major factor controlling benthic primary production, respiration and community production in Pacific Northwest estuarine ecosystems. A shift in temperature will predictably affect these processes. The actual amount of effect, the complexities of change and the ultimate impact on fisheries resources are unquantified and highly speculative at this time.

  11. Olympia Oyster Library Research Project With this lesson students learn about the ecology and conservation of an oyster native to Puget

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carrington, Emily

    and conservation of an oyster native to Puget Sound, the Olympia oyster, Ostreola conchaphila. The lesson consists) describing ecology, conservation and restoration of the Olympia oyster in Puget Sound, and students answer

  12. Developing an integrated resource plan and planning process at Puget Power

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hirst, E.; Knutsen, C.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses the progress that Puget Sound Power and Light Company has made in pursuing a new project, Demand and Resource Evaluation (DARE), which began in early 1986. The purposes of DARE are to strengthen the integrated planning process within Puget Power and to develop an integrated resource plan for Puget Power.

  13. Changes in Seasonal and Extreme Hydrologic Conditions of the Georgia Basin/Puget Sound in an Ensemble Regional Climate Simulation for the Mid-Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leung, Lai R.; Qian, Yun

    2003-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examines an ensemble of climate change projections simulated by a global climate model (GCM) and downscaled with a region climate model (RCM) to 40 km spatial resolution for the western North America. One control and three ensemble future climate simulations were produced by the GCM following a business as usual scenario for greenhouse gases and aerosols emissions from 1995 to 2100. The RCM was used to downscale the GCM control simulation (1995-2015) and each ensemble future GCM climate (2040-2060) simulation. Analyses of the regional climate simulations for the Georgia Basin/Puget Sound showed a warming of 1.5-2oC and statistically insignificant changes in precipitation by the mid-century. Climate change has large impacts on snowpack (about 50% reduction) but relatively smaller impacts on the total runoff for the basin as a whole. However, climate change can strongly affect small watersheds such as those located in the transient snow zone, causing a higher likelihood of winter flooding as a higher percentage of precipitation falls in the form of rain rather than snow, and reduced streamflow in early summer. In addition, there are large changes in the monthly total runoff above the upper 1% threshold (or flood volume) from October through May, and the December flood volume of the future climate is 60% above the maximum monthly flood volume of the control climate. Uncertainty of the climate change projections, as characterized by the spread among the ensemble future climate simulations, is relatively small for the basin mean snowpack and runoff, but increases in smaller watersheds, especially in the transient snow zone, and associated with extreme events. This emphasizes the importance of characterizing uncertainty through ensemble simulations.

  14. What is the Eelgrass Stressor Response Project? The Eelgrass Stressor Response Project was established in 2005 to identify causes of eelgrass decline in greater Puget

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carrington, Emily

    was established in 2005 to identify causes of eelgrass decline in greater Puget Sound. It is closely connected to DNR's long term eelgrass monitoring program. Both projects are part of the Puget Sound Assessment and Monitoring Program (PSAMP), a multi-agency monitoring effort that is coordinated by the Puget Sound

  15. Decapod Crustacea of the Californian and Oregonian Zoogeographic Provinces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wicksten, Mary K

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    California. Type locality Puget Sound. Heptacarpus carinatusCalifornia, Mexico. Type locality “Puget Sound”. Neotrypaeaof San Francisco. Type locality Puget Sound, Washington.

  16. 2008 WIND TECHNOLOGIES MARKET REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Demonstration Program. Puget Sound Energy. 2007. 2007Bellevue, Washington: Puget Sound Energy. Shiu, H. , M.year)* Xcel-PSCo MN-MISO** Puget Sound Energy Arizona Pub.

  17. Life History, Abundance, and Distribution of the Spotted Ratfish, Hydrolagus colliei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnett, Lewis A.K.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    captive H. colliei, taken from Puget Sound, WA, deposited 18most abundant groundfish in Puget Sound, Washington (Palssonand diel migrations in Puget Sound. If these behaviors are

  18. Using Historical Data to Estimate Changes in Floating Kelp (Nereocystis luetkeana and Macrocystis integrifolia) in Puget Sound, Washington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Using Historical Data to Estimate Changes in Floating Kelp (Nereocystis luetkeana and Macrocystis 98504-7027; 360-902-1052; helen.berry@wadnr.gov Keywords: floating kelp, vegetated habitats, nearshore, temporal trends, Macrocystis integrifolia, Nereocystis leutkana Abstract Floating kelp beds (Nereocystis

  19. Temporal Trends in Hatchery Releases of Fall-Run Chinook Salmon in California's Central Valley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huber, Eric R.; Carlson, Stephanie M.

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the HSRG. Seattle (WA): Puget Sound and Coastal Washingtonby groups operating in Puget Sound and coastal Washington (

  20. Central Valley Salmon: A Perspective on Chinook and Steelhead in the Central Valley of California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, John G.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of floodplain rivers in the Puget Lowland, Washington.and function of large wood in Puget Lowland rivers. Canadianrecommendations for the Puget Sound and coastal Washington

  1. Kathleen R. Matthews Washington Department of Fisheries. 7600 Sand Point Way NE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on Four Habitat Types in Central Puget Sound* Abstract.-Seasonal habitat use of young (Ebeling et al. 1980a); in Puget Sound this group of rockfishes is represented by cop- per Sebastes cauri central Cali- fornia to Alaska (Hart 1973). All three species occur in Puget Sound, *Contribution No. 804

  2. Population Genetics of the Commercially Important Cabezon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villablanca, Francis; Nakamura, Royden

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    marmoratus Ayres) in Puget Sound, Washington. M.S. ThesisConception, and Washington’s Puget Sound. Concordance mayregional samples, 3) and Puget Sound (as defined by the BAPS

  3. Nomenclature of *Aulactinia* (=*Bunodactis*), with description of *Aulactinia incubans* n.sp. (Coelentera: Actiniaria), an internally brooding sea anemone from Puget Sound

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fautin, Daphne G.; Chia, Fu-Shiang; Levine, Regina

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    *Aulactinia incubans* n.sp. is an internally brooding actinian known from the San Juan Archipelago, Washington, U.S.A., and from Torch Bay, Alaska, U.S.A. Found in sheltered intertidal habitats, this sea anemone averages ...

  4. Chemical contaminants in gray whales (eschichtius robustus) stranded in Alaska, Washington, and California, USA. Technical memo

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Varanasi, U.; Stein, J.E.; Tilbury, K.L.; Meador, J.P.; Sloan, C.A.

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The concentrations of chlorinated hydrocarbons (CHs) such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl) ethanes (DDTs), 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(p- chlorophenyl) ethenes (DDEs), and chlordanes, and essential (e.g., zinc, selenium, copper) and toxic (e.g., mercury, lead) elements were measured in tissues and stomach contents from 22 gray whales (Eschrichtius robustus) stranded between 1988 and 1991. The stranding sites ranged from the relatively pristine areas of Kodiak Island, Alaska, to more urbanized areas in Puget Sound, Washington, and San Francisco Bay, California, with the majority of the sites on the Washington outer coast and in Puget Sound. Similar to concentrations in tissues, no significant differences were observed in concentrations of elements in stomach contents between whales stranded in Puget Sound and whales stranded at the more pristine sites. The lack of data from apparently healthy gray whales limits the assessment of whether the levels of anthropogenic contaminants found in tissues may have deleterious effects on the health of gray whales.

  5. Washington: Community Power Works is Building a More Efficient...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and Olympic Mountain ranges and buffeted by lakes, rivers, and the awe-inspiring Puget Sound, Seattle has a legacy of environmental stewardship and a culture of innovation....

  6. Washington

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradley Nickell Director ofDepartment of Energy Washington , DC

  7. Catalogs of Regular Graphs Robert A. Beezer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beezer, Robert A.

    Science University of Puget Sound Tacoma, Washington 98416 May 12, 1992 Abstract Exhaustive catalogs

  8. Puget Sound Clean Cities Petroleum Reduction Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    fueling station efforts on user fleet satisfaction and limit grant project scope to pipeline CNG fueling infrastructure Vehicles Deployed * 237 CNG vehicles retro-fitted and...

  9. Puget Sound Clean Cities Petroleum Reduction Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    fuel vehicles. Fueling Site Preparation: * Testing complete on WSU biogas scrubberrefinery at WWU biogas facility. * Design underway for WWU biogas fueling facility. * Site...

  10. Puget Sound Clean Cities Petroleum Reduction Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    million people per year. Relevance Vehicle Deployment: * 223 alternative fuel and advance technology vehicles deployed in local government fleets. * 220 compressed natural gas...

  11. Symmetry Breaking Revisited Jean-Francois Puget

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flener, Pierre

    Symmetry Breaking Revisited Jean-Fran¸cois Puget ILOG, 9 avenue de Verdun, 94253 Gentilly, France, puget@ilog.fr Abstract. Symmetries in constraint satisfaction problems (CSPs) are one

  12. www.sfestuary.org Bay-Delta News and Views from the San Francisco Estuary Partnership | Volume 19, No.4 | August 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the opportunity to visit the Puget Sound area of Washington state as part of the US EPA's review of the Puget we have here in the San Francisco Estuary. Particularly exciting is the Puget Sound Partnership

  13. Change in Urban Land Use and Associated Attributes in the Upper San Francisco Estuary, 1990-2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoms, David M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An empirical analysis in Puget lowland sub-basins. LandscapeUrban Planning 80(4):345–361. Puget Sound Action Team. 2007.biotic integrity in the Puget Sound region in Washington

  14. Technical Report 20061 COASTAL HABITATS IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Technical Report 2006­1 COASTAL HABITATS IN PUGET SOUND: A Research Plan in Support of the Puget Sound Nearshore Partnership Prepared in support of the Puget Sound Nearshore Partnership November 2006 Logsdon, University of Washington Doug Myers, Puget Sound Action Team Jan Newton, University of Washington

  15. SEP Success Story: Washington State Becomes Largest Public Consumer...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    shuttle more than 11 million people across the Puget Sound every year. Now, the electric-diesel engines that propel these vessels are powered by a blend of soy-based...

  16. Cascade Apartments - Deep Energy Multifamily Retrofit , Kent, Washington (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In December of 2009-10, King County Housing Authority (KCHA) implemented energy retrofit improvements in the Cascade multifamily community, located in Kent, Washington (marine climate.)This research effort involved significant coordination from stakeholders KCHA, WA State Department of Commerce, utility Puget Sound Energy, and Cascade tenants. This report focuses on the following three primary BA research questions : 1. What are the modeled energy savings using DOE low income weatherization approved TREAT software? 2. How did the modeled energy savings compare with measured energy savings from aggregate utility billing analysis? 3. What is the Savings to Investment Ratio (SIR) of the retrofit package after considering utility window incentives and KCHA capitol improvement funding.

  17. DOI: 10.1126/science.1144004 , 1513 (2007);317Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, Andrew J.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in China (Wolong); Central Puget Sound of Washington (Puget Sound) and Northern Highland Lake District); and Kristianstads Vattenrike of Swe- den (Vattenriket) (Fig. 1). They include urban (Puget Sound), semi (Puget Sound, Wisconsin, and Vattenriket) and developing countries (Altamira, Kenya, and Wolong

  18. Complexity of Coupled Human and Natural Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in China (Wolong); Central Puget Sound of Washington (Puget Sound) and Northern Highland Lake District); and Kristianstads Vattenrike of Swe- den (Vattenriket) (Fig. 1). They include urban (Puget Sound), semi (Puget Sound, Wisconsin, and Vattenriket) and developing countries (Altamira, Kenya, and Wolong

  19. Going Deep Green: A Whole House Approach- Lessons Learned

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides an overview of the SustainableWorks program based in Puget Sound and Spokane, Washington, including lessons learned.

  20. Mineralogical study of borehole MW-206 Asarco smelter site, Tacoma, Washington

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frank, D.

    1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The mobility of metals in ground water is an important consideration for evaluating remedial options at the Asarco smelter site. Tacoma, Washington. One factor in assessing metal mobility is the degree of secondary mineralization in a slag-fill aquifer extending into the intertidal zone along the Puget Sound shoreline. Samples of aquifer material were collected for mineralogical analysis from borehole MW-206 at five-foot intervals within the slag fill from 5 to 25 feet below the ground surface, and in the underlying marine sand and gravel at 27 feet. Grab samples of slag fragments with visually apparent secondary minerals were also collected at five intermediate depths between 12 and 19 feet. Samples were analyzed by a variety of techniques including hydride generation/atomic absorption for arsenic concentration, scanning electron microscopy/electron microprobe for mineralogical texture and microanalysis, powder x-ray diffraction for mineral identification, and optical microscopy for textural observations.

  1. MFR PAPER 11 05 An in-depth look at a popular,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Puget Sound Drum Seining WILLIAM L. HIGH ABSTRACT-Drum seining for salmon in Puget Sound, Washington.C.. reintroduced the drum s)stem shortly before 19'i0 IAnonymous. 1953a). Drum seining ""as Introduced in Puget eason. I I Puget Sound seiner~ had converted from pulling the seine aboard with the aid of a power

  2. Energy Conservation Study on Darigold Fluid Milk Plant, Issaquah, Washington.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seton, Johnson & Odell, Inc.

    1985-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the findings of an energy study done at Darigold dairy products plant in Issaquah, Washington. The study includes all electrical energy using systems at the plant, but does not address specific modifications to process equipment or the gas boilers. The Issaquah Darigold plant receives milk and cream, which are stored in large, insulated silos. These raw products are then processed into butter, cottage cheese, buttermilk, yogurt, sour cream, and powdered milk. This plant produces the majority of the butter used in the state of Washington. The Issaquah plant purchases electricity from Puget Sound Power and Light Company. The plant is on Schedule 31, primary metering. The plant provides transformers to step down the voltage to 480, 240, and 120 volts as needed. Based on utility bills for the period from July 1983 through July 1984, the Issaquah Darigold plant consumed 7,134,300 kWh at a total cost of $218,703.78 and 1,600,633 therms at a total cost of $889,687.48. Energy use for this period is shown in Figures 1.1 to 1.5. Demand charges account for approximately 23% of the total electrical bill for this period, while reactive charges account for less than 0.5%. The electrical usage for the plant was divided into process energy uses, as summarized in Figure 1.2. This breakdown is based on a 311-day processing schedule, with Sunday clean-up and holidays composing the 54 days of downtime.

  3. 4. ReconstructingtheHistoricalRiverineLandscape of the Puget Lowland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montgomery, David R.

    4. ReconstructingtheHistoricalRiverineLandscape of the Puget Lowland Brian D. Collins, David R landscape and salmonid habitats of the Puget Lowland. Archival investigations together with field studies. #12;Reconstructing the Historical Riverine Landscape80 RIVER HISTORY AND THE PUGET LOWLAND A century

  4. MARINE ORNITHOLOGY Vol. 37 No. 1 ISSN 1018-3337 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    important birds in the Strait of Georgia, British Columbia, and Puget Sound, Washington in avifaunal abundance in a heavily used wintering and migration site in Puget Sound, Washington, during 1966 to marine birds in Puget Sound and the Northwest Straits from derelict fishing gear

  5. www.nwcouncil.org Fax: 503-820-2370 Bill Bradbury

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    deflator, 2012 PacifiCorp 1.90% Average of CPI and GDP deflator 2013 IRP Puget Sound Energy 2.50% CPI, 2011.90 Washington Puget Sound Energy Electric 7-May-12 9.80 Washington Puget Sound Energy Natural Gas 7-May-12 9

  6. A History of the Combinatorial Potlatches Brian Alspach Robert A. Beezer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beezer, Robert A.

    , University of Puget Sound Jason Rush, University of Washington Very dense packings of spheres and other February 2002, University of Puget Sound, Brian Alspach, University of Regina and Simon Fraser University

  7. CX-002561: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    CAMPS (Center for Advanced Manufacturing Puget Sound)CX(s) Applied: A9, A11Date: 05/27/2010Location(s): Puget Sound, WashingtonOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  8. Organics Verification Study for Sinclair and Dyes Inlets, Washington

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kohn, Nancy P.; Brandenberger, Jill M.; Niewolny, Laurie A.; Johnston, Robert K.

    2006-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Sinclair and Dyes Inlets near Bremerton, Washington, are on the State of Washington 1998 303(d) list of impaired waters because of fecal coliform contamination in marine water, metals in sediment and fish tissue, and organics in sediment and fish tissue. Because significant cleanup and source control activities have been conducted in the inlets since the data supporting the 1998 303(d) listings were collected, two verification studies were performed to address the 303(d) segments that were listed for metal and organic contaminants in marine sediment. The Metals Verification Study (MVS) was conducted in 2003; the final report, Metals Verification Study for Sinclair and Dyes Inlets, Washington, was published in March 2004 (Kohn et al. 2004). This report describes the Organics Verification Study that was conducted in 2005. The study approach was similar to the MVS in that many surface sediment samples were screened for the major classes of organic contaminants, and then the screening results and other available data were used to select a subset of samples for quantitative chemical analysis. Because the MVS was designed to obtain representative data on concentrations of contaminants in surface sediment throughout Sinclair Inlet, Dyes Inlet, Port Orchard Passage, and Rich Passage, aliquots of the 160 MVS sediment samples were used in the analysis for the Organics Verification Study. However, unlike metals screening methods, organics screening methods are not specific to individual organic compounds, and are not available for some target organics. Therefore, only the quantitative analytical results were used in the organics verification evaluation. The results of the Organics Verification Study showed that sediment quality outside of Sinclair Inlet is unlikely to be impaired because of organic contaminants. Similar to the results for metals, in Sinclair Inlet, the distribution of residual organic contaminants is generally limited to nearshore areas already within the actively managed Puget Sound Naval Shipyard and Intermediate Maintenance Facility Superfund Site, where further source-control actions and monitoring are under way.

  9. Puget Sound Energy- Commercial New Construction Energy Efficiency Grant Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    PSE provides a flexible incentive program to help fund energy-efficiency measures in new construction. Includes custom grants for whole buildings and building components, custom grants for third...

  10. Puget Sound Energy- Multi-Family Efficiency Retrofit Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    PSE’s Multifamily Program incentives include a range of measures aimed at assisting existing multifamily buildings. There are prescriptive rebates for equipment such as windows, insulation, light...

  11. Puget Sound Energy- Commercial Retrofit Energy Efficiency Grant Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    PSE can provide a custom retrofit grant for any energy-efficiency project that meets specified cost-effectiveness criteria and other PSE program requirements. To be eligible, customers must...

  12. Puget Sound Clean Air Agency | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form History Facebook icon TwitterZip JumpProwindPuda Coal Inc Jump|

  13. Puget Sound Energy - Energy Efficiency Custom Retrofit Grant Program |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014, an OHASeptember 2010 |ofDepartment ofPart

  14. Puget Sound Clean Cities Petroleum Reduction Project | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of ContaminationHubs+ ReportEnergyProviding GridCommercialPublications Publicationsof2

  15. Puget Sound Clean Cities Petroleum Reduction Project | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of ContaminationHubs+ ReportEnergyProviding GridCommercialPublications

  16. Puget Sound Clean Cities Petroleum Reduction Project | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of ContaminationHubs+ ReportEnergyProviding GridCommercialPublications0 DOE Vehicle

  17. Modeling of In-stream Tidal Energy Development and its Potential Effects in Tacoma Narrows, Washington, USA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Zhaoqing; Wang, Taiping; Copping, Andrea E.; Geerlofs, Simon H.

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding and providing proactive information on the potential for tidal energy projects to cause changes to the physical system and to key water quality constituents in tidal waters is a necessary and cost-effective means to avoid costly regulatory involvement and late stage surprises in the permitting process. This paper presents a modeling study for evaluating the tidal energy extraction and its potential impacts on the marine environment in a real world site - Tacoma Narrows of Puget Sound, Washington State, USA. An unstructured-grid coastal ocean model, fitted with a module that simulates tidal energy devices, was applied to simulate the tidal energy extracted by different turbine array configurations and the potential effects of the extraction at local and system-wide scales in Tacoma Narrows and South Puget Sound. Model results demonstrated the advantage of an unstructured-grid model for simulating the far-field effects of tidal energy extraction in a large model domain, as well as assessing the near-field effect using a fine grid resolution near the tidal turbines. The outcome shows that a realistic near-term deployment scenario extracts a very small fraction of the total tidal energy in the system and that system wide environmental effects are not likely; however, near-field effects on the flow field and bed shear stress in the area of tidal turbine farm are more likely. Model results also indicate that from a practical standpoint, hydrodynamic or water quality effects are not likely to be the limiting factor for development of large commercial-scale tidal farms. Results indicate that very high numbers of turbines are required to significantly alter the tidal system; limitations on marine space or other environmental concerns are likely to be reached before reaching these deployment levels. These findings show that important information obtained from numerical modeling can be used to inform regulatory and policy processes for tidal energy development.

  18. TRUE, F. W. 1904. The whalebone whales of the western North Atlan-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OF DUNGENESS CRAB, CANCER MAGISTER, ON PUGET SOUND, WASHINGTON, BEACHESI There are two major methods employed in the sport fishery for the Dungeness crab, Cancer magister, in Puget Sound, Wash. The first is a passive to estimate low tide usage of Puget Sound beaches for clam digging and crab- bing. By summer 1973, enough data

  19. in more conventi onal books on ing, and its intended use is for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Washington HG-30, Seattle, WA 98195. The Atlas of Physical and Chemi- cal Properties of Puget Sound and Its- mation for anyone maki ng decisions based on physical and chemical char- acteristics of Puget Sound in this atlas. The first readil) avai lable graphic description of Puget Sound water quality data over a sustall

  20. K. lynne Yamanaka laura J. Richards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . how- ever, in Puget Sound, Washington, and in the Strait of Georgia, Brit- ish Columbia, Canada, a restrictive recreational catch is still permitted. Similar declines in central Puget Sound led to a com- plete into the Strait of Georgia. Such an experi- ment was conducted by Buckley et aI. (1984) in Puget Sound. They found

  1. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    and Efficient Fleet Assistance Western Washington Clean Cities and the Puget Sound Clean Air Agency administer the Evergreen Fleets program, a comprehensive greening plan and...

  2. CX-011131: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Puget Sound Pilot Tidal Energy Project CX(s) Applied: A9 Date: 08/13/2013 Location(s): Washington Offices(s): Golden Field Office

  3. Historical changes in the distribution and functions of large wood in Puget Lowland rivers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montgomery, David R.

    Historical changes in the distribution and functions of large wood in Puget Lowland rivers Brian D and functions in Puget Lowland rivers from the last ~150 years of land use by comparing field data from an 11-km and with archival data from several Puget Lowland rivers. Current wood abundance is one to two orders of magnitude

  4. LEE-0152- In the Matter of Sound Oil Company

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On August 16, 1994, Sound Oil Company (Sound) of Seattle Washington, filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals of the Department of Energy. In its Application,...

  5. Washington Update

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Text eere.energy.gov Federal Energy Management Program FederalUtility Partnership Working Group David McAndrew April 14, 2010 Providence RI Washington Update Federal Energy...

  6. Biennial Report to Congress on the Recovery Program for Threatened

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Puget Sound Chinook ESU (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Steelhead DPS (Oncorhynchus mykiss) .......................................... 70 Puget Sound Steelhead DPS

  7. Biennial Report to Congress on the Recovery Program for Threatened

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .................................................................................. 44 Puget Sound Chinook ESU (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) ................................................................ 49 Puget Sound Steelhead DPS (Oncorhynchus mykiss

  8. 25 ans INSU 3 Dcmbre 2010 J. L. Puget Les premires lumires

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Tiggelen, Bart

    25 ans INSU 3 Décmbre 2010 J. L. Puget Les premières lumières de l'univers et leur detection Jean-Loup Puget Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale,Orsay #12;25 ans INSU 3 Décmbre 2010 J. L. Puget Le début de la est très vite contredit par les observations #12;25 ans INSU 3 Décmbre 2010 J. L. Puget expansion de l

  9. 851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Investor Owned Utilities, Popoff, Phillip, Puget Sound Energy Sims, Brett, Portland General Electric Hines, Villamor, Puget Sound Energy Brown, Stefan, Portland General Electric Bushnell, John, Northwestern Drennan Members: Co-Chairs Karier, Tom, Council Member, Washington Gendron, Mark, Bonneville Power Administration

  10. CX-002368: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Puget Sound Tidal Energy Demonstration Project: Environmental and Permitting ActivitiesCX(s) Applied: B3.1, B3.3, A9Date: 05/10/2010Location(s): Puget Sound, WashingtonOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  11. Residential mobility and location choice: a nested logit model with sampling of alternatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Brian H.; Waddell, Paul

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    empirical results from the Puget Sound region. Environ.residences from the central Puget Sound region. It usesapplication in the Central Puget Sound region The NL model

  12. Cities of Nature: Socio-natural Crisis and the Production of Space in New Orleans and Seattle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janos, Nicholas

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Early Action Proposal Puget Sound Chinook Salmon. Seattle,1991. The Natural History of Puget Sound Country. Seattle:of Urban Streams in the Puget Sound Basin. ” Conservation

  13. Calls to Action -- Seattle 2220: Our Ancestors' Planning Legacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matthews, David J.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pacific Northwest: An Analysis for Puget Sound, Southwesterncity’s connection with Puget Sound. One proposal envisionedhad to deal not only with Puget Sound but with the Duwamish

  14. Policies and Practices For Cost-Effective Transit Investments: Recent Experiences in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deakin, Elizabeth

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Roads Trunsitl ('cnlra| Puget Sound Regional TransitFor esaiirplc. the Central Puget Sound Regional 'l'responsibility of the Central Puget Sound Regional Transit

  15. Current Perspectives on the Physical and Biological Processes of Humboldt Bay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlosser, S. C.; Rasmussen, R.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    responses of their prey in the Puget Sound region. Ecologybearing polychaetes of Puget Sound and adjacent waters.water properties in central Puget Sound. Mar Biol Vermaat

  16. Assessment of Energy Storage Alternatives in the Puget Sound Energy System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balducci, Patrick J.; Jin, Chunlian; Wu, Di; Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW; Leslie, Patrick; Daitch, Charles

    2013-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of an ongoing study co-funded by the Bonneville Power Administration, under its Technology Innovation Grant Program, and the U.S. Department of Energy, the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) has developed an approach and modeling tool for assessing the net benefits of using energy storage located close to the customer in the distribution grid to manage demand. PNNL in collaboration with PSE and Primus Power has evaluated the net benefits of placing a zinc bromide battery system at two locations in the PSE system (Baker River / Rockport and Bainbridge Island). Energy storage can provide a number of benefits to the utility through the increased flexibility it provides to the grid system. Applications evaluated in the assessment include capacity value, balancing services, arbitrage, distribution deferral and outage mitigation. This report outlines the methodology developed for this study and Phase I results.

  17. 2003 Georgia Basin/Puget Sound Research Conference Challenge and Directions Statement: Securing a Sustainable Region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karlsen, Erik; Gaydos, Joseph K.; Dowty, Peter; Fraser, David; Lesperance, Ann M.; Kay, Bruce; Rylko, M.; Ronald, Peter

    2003-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The 2003 GB-PS Research Conference has demonstrated that although much has been done to stem toxic pollution and to contain urban growth, as well as to protect and restore ecosystems in this outstanding region, many environmental health and ecosystem function issues remain and emerging ones are being recognized. More needs to be done to minimize the ongoing degradation and loss and to protect, recover, and restore the natural qualities of this regional ecosystem if we are to secure its sustainable future. This "directions statement" was prepared by several of the members of the technical steering committee from both the US and Canada.

  18. PUGET SOUND AND WILLAPA BAY GUIDE TO THE MARINE LIFE OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruesink, Jennifer

    ' of the ocean. Like all seaweeds, they are rootless, obtaining nutrients directly from the water. The bull kelp the mainland and islands. Hummingbirds buzz across the water at a furious pace! Kelps are the `trees

  19. NOAA Data Report ERL PMEL-37 PUGET SOUND SEDIMENT TRAP DATA: 1980-1985

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Crecelius (Battelle) Nicholas S. Bloom (Battelle) Trace Organics Joel Clinel Timothy Bates Susan E

  20. Impacts of Ferry Terminals on Juvenile Salmon Movement along Puget Sound Shorelines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    filter beneath the terminal structure. Recommendations areand operation of WSF terminals with regard to minimizing theto address whether WSF terminals alter the behavior of

  1. PP-6 Puget Sound Power & Light Company | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of Contamination in235-1 Termoelectrica U.S LLC PP-235-1PP-32PP-40-151

  2. CSESTYLEGUIDE Style Guide for Bibliographies and Footnotes Based on Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers, 7th Edition, 2006. Council of Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hochberg, Michael

    ) Book--Organization as Author [PSAT] Puget Sound Action Team. 2007. 2007 Puget Sound update: 9th report of the Puget Sound assessment and monitoring program. Olympia (WA): Puget Sound Action Team. (PSAT 2007

  3. CX-006957: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Puget Sound Clean Cities Petroleum Reduction Project - Seattle Public UtilitiesCX(s) Applied: B5.1Date: 09/28/2011Location(s): Seattle, WashingtonOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Sandia Site Office

  4. CX-000346: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Puget Sound Clean Cities Petroleum Reduction ProjectCX(s) Applied: A1, A9Date: 12/10/2009Location(s): Seattle, WashingtonOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  5. Chapter 23 Intentional Destructive Acts

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Louisiana, the August 2011 severe burning of a woman attempting to steal copper from a Puget Sound Energy substation in Washington, the October 2011 electrocution death of a man...

  6. CX-012630: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Puget Sound Area Northern Intertie-Covington and Raver Substation Upgrades CX(s) Applied: B1.3, B1.24, B4.11Date: 41885 Location(s): WashingtonOffices(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  7. Final Research Report Research Project T9903, Task 29

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ................................................................................ 9 2.2.1 Puget Sound Regional Council 2.4.1 Puget Sound Regional Council

  8. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    infra at P 12). Coral Power, L.L.C. (Coral Power), Puget Sound Energy, Inc. (Puget Sound), and Avista

  9. --DRAFT--Pacific Ballast Water Group Report and Recommendations --DRAFT--Pacific Ballast Water Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Extension; Harry Hutchins, Puget Sound Steamship Operators Association; Joel Kopp, PWS Regional Citizen...................................................................................... 6 Puget Sound/Georgia Basin Shipping Patterns and Ballast Water Information............. 7 Puget

  10. Ecological Signatures: The Science of Sustainable Urban Forms [Research and Debate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alberti, Marina

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mapper (TM) imagery for the Puget Sound region for 1998.Empirical Analysis in Puget Lowland Sub-Basins,” Landscapestream biotic integrity in Puget Sound lowland. From Alberti

  11. WASHINGTON STATE UNIVERSITY GRADUATE SCHOOL GRADUATE MENTOR ACADEMY OVERVIEW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    WASHINGTON STATE UNIVERSITY GRADUATE SCHOOL GRADUATE MENTOR ACADEMY OVERVIEW 1 Graduate Mentor and mentoring graduate students who need sound advice during their early experiences in graduate school of teacher and mentor. All faculty advisors should be responsible for encouraging and ensuring effective

  12. Washington: Putting More Solar on More Rooftops in Washington...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Putting More Solar on More Rooftops in Washington State Washington: Putting More Solar on More Rooftops in Washington State November 8, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis Mercer Island...

  13. George Washington Carver Recognition Day

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In commemoration of George Washington Carver’s life and work, Congress declared January 5 as George Washington Carver Recognition Day.

  14. Energy Matters in Washington State

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    Energy Matters in Washington State Energy Matters in Washington State www.energy.wsu.edu/library/ November 2009 #12;905 Plum Street SE, Building 3 P.O. Box 43169 Olympia, Washington 98504-3169 Energy University Extension Energy Program. 905 Plum Street SE, Building 3, P.O. Box 43169, Olympia, Washington

  15. Effect of Urbanization and Climate Change on Hydrological Processes over the San Antonio River Basin, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Gang

    2014-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    . Another study by Cuo et al. (2011) investigated the change of flows over Puget Sound in the Pacific Northwest under urbaninzation and climate change, respectively. Despite the perspectives gained through the previous studies, knowledge about three... of the Puget Sound basin in Washington State (Cuo et al., 2008, 2009, 2011; Vano et al., 2010). The DHSVM input data includes a digital elevation map (DEM), a basin boundary mask, soil texture information, and land cover types. In this study, the DEM data...

  16. Dictionary of Upriver Halkomelem, Volume I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galloway, Brent Douglas

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    M. 1976. Dictionary of Puget Salish. University of WashintonCl) 10) Lushootseed [Puget (Sound) Salish] (Ld) (Northern

  17. FUPWG Spring 2010 Providence: Washington Update | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Spring 2010 Providence: Washington Update FUPWG Spring 2010 Providence: Washington Update Presentation covers an update on Washington and is given at the Spring 2010 Federal...

  18. Assessment of Energy Storage Alternatives in the Puget Sound Energy System Volume 2: Energy Storage Evaluation Tool

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, Di; Jin, Chunlian; Balducci, Patrick J.; Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW

    2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This volume presents the battery storage evaluation tool developed at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), which is used to evaluate benefits of battery storage for multiple grid applications, including energy arbitrage, balancing service, capacity value, distribution system equipment deferral, and outage mitigation. This tool is based on the optimal control strategies to capture multiple services from a single energy storage device. In this control strategy, at each hour, a look-ahead optimization is first formulated and solved to determine battery base operating point. The minute by minute simulation is then performed to simulate the actual battery operation. This volume provide background and manual for this evaluation tool.

  19. Washington: Washington's Clean Energy Resources and Economy (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document highlights the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's investments and impacts in the state of Washington.

  20. WASHINGTON TECHNICAL INSTITUTE WASHINGTON, D.C. 20008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    District of Columbia, University of the

    WASHINGTON TECHNICAL INSTITUTE WASHINGTON, D.C. 20008 WRRC REPORT NO. 9 CHARACTERIZATION-379, as amended. Agreement No. 14-34-0001-6066 Water Resources Research Center Washington Technical Institute Analysis of Composite Samples Before Concentration............ 16 5. Organic Losses During Concentration

  1. Washington Residents, Agencies, NGOs Specialists

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    Washington Residents, Agencies, NGOs Specialists County Directors, County Faculty, Staff, and Volunteers Department Chairs District Directors County Government Issue Teams Research and Extension Centers WASHINGTON STATE UNIVERSITY CAMPUSES Pullman Spokane Tri-Cities Vancouver Agriculture Program Director R

  2. Washington State Electric Vehicle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Washington State Electric Vehicle Implementation Bryan Bazard Maintenance and Alternate Fuel Technology Manager #12;Executive Order 14-04 Requires the procurement of electric vehicles where and equipment with electricity or biofuel to the "extent practicable" by June 2015 1. The vehicle is due

  3. Sounds and Space 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nudds, Matthew

    the account I give (in section 1) of what sounds are and (in section 2) of the role of space in auditory perception....

  4. Which Reduces Vehicle Travel More: Jobs-Housing Balauce or Retail-Housing Mixing?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cervero, Robert; Duncan, Michael

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and travel patterns in the Puget Sound transportation paneltravel diary data from the Puget Sound area, he found thathowever. In a study in the Puget Sound, Frank and Pivo (

  5. Tsunami Information Sources: Part 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiegel, Robert L.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mofjeld, and A.J. Venturato, Puget Sound Tsunami Sources -Pub. Co. , 2006, pp 205-217 Puget Sound Tsunami Sources -Military Dept. , 2002, 25 pp Puget Sound Tsunami Sources -

  6. Balanced Growth, Travel Demand, and Physical Activity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cervero, Robert; Duncan, Michael

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Travel Patterns in the Puget Sound Transportation Panel.travel diary data from the Puget Sound area, Krizek foundhowever. In a study in the Puget Sound, Frank and Pivo (

  7. EIS-0484: Montana-to-Washington Transmission System Upgrade Project...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    4: Montana-to-Washington Transmission System Upgrade Project in Washington, Idaho, and Montana EIS-0484: Montana-to-Washington Transmission System Upgrade Project in Washington,...

  8. A Mulit-State Model for Catalyzing the Home Energy Efficiency Market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blackmon, Glenn

    2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The RePower Kitsap partnership sought to jump-start the market for energy efficiency upgrades in Kitsap County, an underserved market on Puget Sound in Washington State. The Washington State Department of Commerce partnered with Washington State University (WSU) Energy Program to supplement and extend existing utility incentives offered by Puget Sound Energy (PSE) and Cascade Natural Gas and to offer energy efficiency finance options through the Kitsap Credit Union and Puget Sound Cooperative Credit Union (PSCCU). RePower Kitsap established a coordinated approach with a second Better Buildings Neighborhood Program project serving the two largest cities in the county – Bainbridge Island and Bremerton. These two projects shared both the “RePower” brand and implementation team (Conservation Services Group (CSG) and Earth Advantage).

  9. SEC Training -Risk Management Washington, D.C., February 27, 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frey, Robert J.

    SEC Training - Risk Management Washington, D.C., February 27, 2006 Robert J. Frey, Ph.D. Director Managers, pp. IV-3 to IV-9 · Market Risk · Liquidity Risk · Credit Risk · Leverage Risk · Operational Risk · Valuation Risk 10 #12;Monitoring Risk Source: MFA's 2005 Sound Practices for Hedge Fund Managers, pp. AI-1

  10. Recovery Act State Memos Washington

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Richart Family has hired 25 new workers since last September to help with the infusion of weatherization work in the southwestern part of Washington. Half of those workers...

  11. Washington City Power- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Washington City adopted a net-metering program, including interconnection procedures, in January 2008.* Net metering is available to residential and commercial customers that generate electricity...

  12. northeastern Washington's Okanogan County. The

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7.31 acre habitat acquisition in Washington's Okanogan River Watershed for fish habitat mitigation (see map). The Okanogan River Watershed was selected as a focus for restoration...

  13. Biofuels in Oregon and Washington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PNNL-17351 Biofuels in Oregon and Washington A Business Case Analysis of Opportunities and Challenges Prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory #12;#12;Biofuels in Oregon and Washington, particularly in light of the recent growth experienced by the biofuels industry in the Midwest. Policymakers

  14. Harold Washington Social Security Administration (SSA) Center...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Harold Washington Social Security Administration (SSA) Center Water Conservation and Green Energy Harold Washington Social Security Administration (SSA) Center Water Conservation...

  15. Washington: Graphene Nanostructures for Lithium Batteries Recieves...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Washington: Graphene Nanostructures for Lithium Batteries Recieves 2012 R&D 100 Award Washington: Graphene Nanostructures for Lithium Batteries Recieves 2012 R&D 100 Award February...

  16. Independent Activity Report, Washington River Protection Solutions...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC - October 2011 October 2011 Industrial Hygiene Surveillance of the Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC Industrial Hygiene...

  17. Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Meeting: Washington...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Meeting: Washington Update Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Meeting: Washington Update Presentation-given at the Fall 2012...

  18. Washington Energy Facility Site Evalutation Council - Generalized...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Washington Energy Facility Site Evalutation Council - Generalized Siting Process Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Chart: Washington Energy...

  19. Sound modes in holographic superfluids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Herzog, Christopher P.; Yarom, Amos [Department of Physics, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States)

    2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Superfluids support many different types of sound waves. We investigate the relation between the sound waves in a relativistic and a nonrelativistic superfluid by using hydrodynamics to calculate the various sound speeds. Then, using a particular holographic scalar gravity realization of a strongly interacting superfluid, we compute first, second, and fourth sound speeds as a function of the temperature. The relativistic low temperature results for second sound differ from Landau's well known prediction for the nonrelativistic, incompressible case.

  20. What Is Sound? Sound is a pressure wave which is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    What Is Sound? Sound is a pressure wave which is created by a vibrating object. This vibrations set the medium. Since the particles are moving in parallel direction to the wave movement, the sound wave of a sine wave (C~crests, R~troughs) The speed of a sound pressure wave in air is 331.5+0.6Tc m/s , Tc

  1. Journal of Sound and Vibration ] (

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ge, Shuzhi Sam

    the ocean surface to the sea floor. With the trend towards oil and gas exploration in deeper watersJOURNAL OF SOUND AND VIBRATION Journal of Sound and Vibration ] (

  2. FUPWG Fall 2009 Washington Update | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    FUPWG Fall 2009 Washington Update FUPWG Fall 2009 Washington Update Presentation covers the 2009 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) Washington update to the Lighting...

  3. Estimated Value of Service Reliability for Electric Utility Customers in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Administration, Duke Energy, Mid America Power, Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Puget Sound Energy, Salt River

  4. Grays Harbor D e m o g r a p h i c a n d S o c i o e c o n o m i c C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s o f S e a t t l eD e m o g r a p h i c a n d S o c i o e c o n o m i c C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s o f S e a t t l e

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Jefferson Puget Sound L a k e Y o u n g s L a k e Y o u n g s King Pierce Snohomish Thurston Kitsap Kittitas-gridded area Puget Sound Puget Sound 0 30 6015 Miles 0 30 6015 Kilometers - Puget Sound Copyright 2006

  5. Northwest Regional Technology Center, March 2013 Page 1 of 2 Around The Region In Homeland Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to homeland security in the region, and this issue highlights Puget Sound Regional Blue Force Tracking Puget Sound Regional Blue Force Tracking Initiative The Puget Sound Regional Blue Force Tracking (BFTS the Puget Sound Area Maritime Security Committee Area of Responsibility. As part of the Initiative

  6. GWU Personnel: Dr. J. Rene van Dorp VCU Personnel: Dr. Jason R. W. Merrick

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    with the USCG VTS and Puget Sound Harbor Safety Committee for data + validation 103 Perpendicular Kinetic Energy Example of potential experts: USCG VTS Operators, Puget Sound Pilots, Tanker Captains and First Mates, Tug Bouy J - Georgia Strait 1159 Bouy J - Puget Sound 322 Puget Sound - Georgia Strait 0 Total Change Bulk

  7. Habitat-Related Benthic Macrofaunal Assemblages of Bays and Estuaries of the Western United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and sediment grain size, were identified: (A) Puget Sound fine sediment, (B) Puget Sound coarse sediment, (C and oligohaline. The Puget Sound, southern California, and San Francisco Bay assemblages were geographically to small spatial scale habitat heterogeneity and temporal change were both low in Puget Sound, but temporal

  8. GWU Personnel: Dr. J. Rene van Dorp VCU Personnel: Dr. Jason R. W. Merrick

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    with the USCG VTS and Puget Sound Harbor Safety Committee for data + validation 103 Perpendicular Kinetic Energy Example of potential experts: USCG VTS Operators, Puget Sound Pilots, Tanker Captains and First Mates, Tug COLUMN 2010 Bouy J - Georgia Strait 1159 Bouy J - Puget Sound 322 Puget Sound - Georgia Strait 0 Total

  9. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for Puget Sound: Puget Sound is the second-largest U.S. estuary, and supports a diverse and econom- ically productive ecosystem with immense cultural, commercial, and recreational value. Yet the Puget Sound of our Puget Sound research include investigating how shoreline armoring affects beach-spawning forage

  10. 851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Owned Utilities, Popoff, Phillip, Puget Sound Energy Sims, Brett, Portland General Electric Hines, John, Portland General Electric Bushnell, John, Northwestern Drennan, Ted, PacifiCorp Kalich, Clint, Avista Noll Members: Co-Chairs Karier, Tom, Council Member, Washington Pendergrass, Rick, Bonneville Power Investor

  11. CX-000350: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Puget Sound Clean Cities Petroleum Reduction ProjectCX(s) Applied: A1, A9, B5.1Date: 12/10/2009Location(s): Snohomish County, WashingtonOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  12. CX-000349: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Puget Sound Clean Cities Petroleum Reduction ProjectCX(s) Applied: A1, A9, B5.1Date: 12/10/2009Location(s): Everett, WashingtonOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  13. CX-000347: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Puget Sound Clean Cities Petroleum Reduction ProjectCX(s) Applied: A1, A9, B5.1Date: 12/10/2009Location(s): Snohomish County, WashingtonOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  14. CX-000348: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Puget Sound Clean Cities Petroleum Reduction ProjectCX(s) Applied: A1, A9, B5.1Date: 12/10/2009Location(s): Lynden, WashingtonOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  15. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Opportunities & Challenges for Computing Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Richard

    Centered Design & Engineering University of Washington 3 Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care System accident, or physical abuse, with prolonged feelings of fear, helplessness, or horror. This disorder can, identifying the symptoms, helping with diagnosis, and aiding in the treatment and assessment of treatment

  16. Transit Rider Information King County Metro Transit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Queitsch, Christine

    works or roads department located in your city. Power Outages Seattle City Light (206) 684-7400 http://www.seattle.gov/light Puget Sound Energy 1 (888) 225-5773 http://www.pse.com Highway & Ferry Conditions Washington State waste container, not in the street. · When snow falls, shovel and de-ice your sidewalk. You can use salt

  17. Review: Rare Plants of Washington State

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Ryder W.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Field Guide to the Rare Plants of Washington Pamela Camp andField Guide to the Rare Plants of Washington. Seattle, WA:State’s 3600 vascular plants, 600 mosses, and 1000-1500

  18. UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON SEATTLE, WASHINGTON 98195-7730

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Elhanan

    of Washington September 2006 #12;3) Rubber O-rings. We reuse the O-rings over and over. We purchase bags of 25 for applying vacuum grease. Puritan Applicator Sticks Harwood Products Guilford, ME 04443-0149 No. 807 1000 6 Number 1-000-0250 Drummond Scientific Company Broomall, PA 7) Schneider's tissue culture medium (500 ml

  19. Robert Blankenship Director Washington University Dewey Holten

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Washington University David Bocian, University of California, Riverside Donald Bryant, Pennsylvania State University Richard Cogdell, University of Glasgow P. Leslie...

  20. EIS-0456: Cushman Hydroelectric Project, Tacoma, Washington

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EIS is for the design and construction of certain components of the Cushman Hydroelectric Project in Mason County, Washington.

  1. Denman Forestry Issues Series: Washington's Forest Regulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Elhanan

    Denman Forestry Issues Series: Washington's Forest Regulations and Their Impacts on The Private College of Forest Resources continued its Denman Forestry Issues Series on May 30, 2001. Alumni landowners. Policy analysts and speakers representing the Washington Farm Forestry Assn., Washington Forest

  2. Sound | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistmaSinosteelSolarSolkar SolarSomont GmbHSonnengeldSosSound

  3. mentor memo University of Washington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Volkenburgh, Elizabeth

    mentor memo University of Washington the graduate school autumn quarter 2009 By Sabrina Bonaparte Network: Finding Mentors What do mentors do? Mentors help you learn and often share common topical a personal manner. Mentors understand you, see potential in you, and help you develop that potential

  4. Washington Update March 14, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington Update March 14, 2011 Nominations for the National Climate Assessment Development a very wide range of expertise is required on the NCADAC.Nominees are sought who have · sectoral expertise, including the natural environment, agriculture and forestry, energy, land cover and land use

  5. FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Washington, DC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peha, Jon M.

    1 Before the FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Washington, DC GN Docket No. 14-28 In the Matter 15213-3890 peha@cmu.edu July 15, 2014 #12;2 Executive Summary It is important for the Commission situated entity. This policy would particularly benefit new entrepreneurial ventures. The Commission should

  6. Abstract--During lung sound recordings, an incessant noise source occurs due to heart sounds. The heart sound

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moussavi, Zahra M. K.

    Abstract--During lung sound recordings, an incessant noise source occurs due to heart sounds. The heart sound interference on lung sounds is significant especially at low flow rates. In this paper a new to detect HN segments in the spectrogram of the recorded lung sound signal. Afterwards the algorithm removes

  7. EFFECTS OF SOUND WAVES ON YOUNG SALMON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EFFECTS OF SOUND WAVES ON YOUNG SALMON Marine Biological Laboratory X. 1 33 R A. RTT ir.':; WOODS instantaneously to sounds. It was con- were tested in an experimental tank and in eluded that sound waves were, Wash . sound studies conducted under the above contract are terminated. #12;EFFECTS OF SOUND WAVES

  8. Annual Report: 2011-2012 Storm Season Sampling, Non-Dry Dock Stormwater Monitoring for Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, WA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brandenberger, Jill M.; Metallo, David; Rupert, Brian; Johnston, Robert K.; Gebhart, Christine

    2013-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Annual PSNS non-dry dock storm water monitoring results for 2011-2012 storm season. Included are a brief description of the sampling procedures, storm event information, laboratory methods and data collection, a results and discussion section, and the conclusions and recommendations.

  9. In situ biomonitoring of juvenile Chinook salmon (Onchorhynchus tshawytscha) using biomarkers of chemical exposures and effects in a partially remediated urbanized waterway of the Puget Sound, WA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Browne, Eva [Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington, 4225 Roosevelt Way Northeast, Suite 100, Seattle, WA 98105-6099 (United States)] [Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington, 4225 Roosevelt Way Northeast, Suite 100, Seattle, WA 98105-6099 (United States); Kelley, Matthew; Zhou, Guo-Dong; He, Ling Yu; McDonald, Thomas; Wang, Shirley [Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, College Station, TX 77843-1266 (United States)] [Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, College Station, TX 77843-1266 (United States); Duncan, Bruce [US Environmental Protection Agency, Region 10, 1200 Sixth Avenue, Seattle, WA 98101 (United States)] [US Environmental Protection Agency, Region 10, 1200 Sixth Avenue, Seattle, WA 98101 (United States); Meador, James [Ecotoxicology Division, National Marine Fisheries Service, Seattle, WA 98105 (United States)] [Ecotoxicology Division, National Marine Fisheries Service, Seattle, WA 98105 (United States); Donnelly, Kirby [Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, College Station, TX 77843-1266 (United States)] [Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, College Station, TX 77843-1266 (United States); Gallagher, Evan, E-mail: evang3@u.washington.edu [Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington, 4225 Roosevelt Way Northeast, Suite 100, Seattle, WA 98105-6099 (United States)] [Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington, 4225 Roosevelt Way Northeast, Suite 100, Seattle, WA 98105-6099 (United States)

    2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In situ biomonitoring has been used to assess the effects of pollution on aquatic species in heavily polluted waterways. In the current study, we used in situ biomonitoring in conjunction with molecular biomarker analysis to determine the effects of pollutant exposure in salmon caged in the Duwamish waterway, a Pacific Northwest Superfund site that has been subject to remediation. The Duwamish waterway is an important migratory route for Pacific salmon and has received historic inputs of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Juvenile pre-smolt Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) caged for 8 days in the three contaminated sites in close proximity within the Duwamish were analyzed for steady state hepatic mRNA expression of 7 exposure biomarker genes encompassing several gene families and known to be responsive to pollutants, including cytochrome P4501A (CYP1A) and CYP2K1, glutathione S-transferase {pi} class (GST-{pi}), microsomal GST (mGST), glutamylcysteine ligase catalytic subunit (GCLC), UDP-glucuronyltransferase family 1 (UDPGT), and type 2 deiodinase (type 2 DI, or D2). Quantitation of gene expression was accomplished by quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) in assays developed specifically for Chinook salmon genes. Gill PAH-DNA adducts were assessed as a chemical effects biomarker using {sup 32}P-postlabeling. The biomarkers in the field-caged fish were analyzed with respect to caged animals maintained at the hatchery receiving flow-through water. Chemical analysis of sediment samples from three field sampling sites revealed relatively high concentrations of total PAHs in one site (site B2, 6711 ng/g dry weight) and somewhat lower concentrations of PAHs in two adjacent sites (sites B3 and B4, 1482 and 1987 ng/g, respectively). In contrast, waterborne PAHs at all of the sampling sites were relatively low (<1 ng/L). Sediment PCBs at the sites ranged from a low of 421 ng/g at site B3 to 1160 ng/g at site B4, and there were no detectable waterborne PCBs at any of the sites (detection limit=10 ng/L). There were no significant differences (p<0.05) in biomarker gene expression in the Duwamish-caged fish relative to controls, although there was a pattern of gene expression suppression at site B3, the most heavily PAH-enriched site. The lack of a marked perturbation of mRNA biomarkers was consistent with relatively low levels of gill PAH-DNA adduct levels that did not differ among caged reference and field fish, and which were also consistent with relatively low waterborne concentrations of chemicals. The results of our study suggest a low bioavailability of sediment pollutants in caged juvenile Chinook potentially reflecting low waterborne exposures occurring at contaminated sites within the Duwamish waterway that have undergone partial remediation.

  10. Radiological Survey Results for Areas A1 North, A5A, A6, and B2 at the Molycorp Washington Remediation Project, Washington, Pennsylvania

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    W.C. Adams

    2007-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Perform radiological surveys of the Molycorp Washington Remediation Project (MWRP) facility in Washington, Pennsylvania

  11. 2011 Interference -1 INTERFERENCE OF SOUND WAVES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glashausser, Charles

    2011 Interference - 1 INTERFERENCE OF SOUND WAVES The objectives of this experiment are: · To measure the wavelength, frequency, and propagation speed of ultrasonic sound waves. · To observe interference phenomena with ultrasonic sound waves. APPARATUS: Oscilloscope, function generator, ultrasonic

  12. Washington Environmental Permit Handbook - Underground Injection...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Washington Environmental Permit Handbook - Underground Injection Control Registration webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site:...

  13. Washington: a guide to geothermal energy development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bloomquist, R.G.; Basescu, N.; Higbee, C.; Justus, D.; Simpson, S.

    1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Washington's geothermal potential is discussed. The following topics are covered: exploration, drilling, utilization, legal and institutional setting, and economic factors of direct use projects. (MHR)

  14. Bonneville Power Administration, Oregon Energy Northwest, Washington...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bonneville Power Administration, Oregon Energy Northwest, Washington; Wholesale Electric Primary Credit Analyst: David N Bodek, New York (1) 212-438-7969; david.bodek@standardandpo...

  15. Energy Northwest, Washington Bonneville Power Administration...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Northwest, Washington Bonneville Power Administration, Oregon; Wholesale Electric Primary Credit Analyst: David N Bodek, New York (1) 212-438-7969; david.bodek@standardandpoors.com...

  16. Washington Environmental Permit Handbook - Dangerous Waste Treatment...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Washington Environmental Permit Handbook - Dangerous Waste Treatment Storage Disposal Facility New Permit Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web...

  17. USDA Rural Development Washington State Workshop

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The U.S. Department of Agriculture is hosting a Washington Rural Development Workshop. Speakers will cover local and regional broadband initiatives program and broadband success stories,...

  18. Washington Environmental Permit Handbook - NPDES Construction...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Washington Environmental Permit Handbook - NPDES Construction Stormwater General Permit Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory...

  19. Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Meeting: Washington...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Meeting: Washington Update fupwgspring12unruh.pdf More Documents & Publications Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Meeting:...

  20. Preliminary Notice of Violation, Washington Closure Hanford,...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Notice of Violation, Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC - WEA-2012-04 Type B Accident Investigation At Washington Closure Hanford, LLC, Employee Fall Injury on July 1,...

  1. Model Configuration for PSC Chinook Model Shaker Algorithm Stock Age 4 & 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    & 3 Term WCVI 4 & 5 Term NKF PSF PSN PSY NKS SKG STL SNO Puget Sound PreTerm Puget Sound 2 & 3 Term Puget Sound 4 & 5 Term WCH WCN WA Coast PreTerm WA Coast 2 & 3 Term WA Coast 4 & 5 Term URB SPR BON CWF None All except Puget Snd Only Puget Sound All 14 None All except WA Coast Only WA Coast All 15 None

  2. Aerospace & Energetics Research Program -University of Washington Plasma Dynamics Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shumlak, Uri

    - University of Washington Plasma Dynamics Group q The Boltzmann equation is seven dimensional. qAerospace & Energetics Research Program - University of Washington Plasma Dynamics Group Plasma Research Program - University of Washington Plasma Dynamics Group Abstract Many current plasma simulation

  3. Washington Nuclear Profile - Power Plants

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office ofthroughYear JanYearFuel Consumption0 0Feet)Same MonthWashington

  4. Washington Post editor David E.

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron SpinPrincetonUsing Maps1DOE AwardsD ContractBOE ReserveWashington Post

  5. Washington,

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradley Nickell Director ofDepartment ofof Energy Provides DC

  6. Washington

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 Russian Nuclear Warheads| DepartmentVictorDepartmentMarksWalk-InWas hingtonApril

  7. Export Control Laws and Washingtonand Washington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Export Control Laws and Washingtonand Washington University For Washington University Faculty Authors: Cindy White, Research Office Tina Tyson, Office of General Counsel May 2006 What are export of foreign policy and national security. *NOTE: Export control laws apply to all activities -- not just

  8. Baer selected to join Washington Academy of Sciences | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    selected to join Washington Academy of Sciences Baer selected to join Washington Academy of Sciences Released: July 21, 2014 He is being honored for outstanding scientific...

  9. Seattle, Washington: Solar in Action (Brochure), Solar America...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Seattle, Washington: Solar in Action (Brochure), Solar America Cities, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Seattle, Washington: Solar in Action (Brochure), Solar America...

  10. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Carnegie Institute of Washington...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Carnegie Institute of Washington Dept of Genetics - NY 0-07 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Carnegie Institute of Washington (Dept. of Genetics) (NY.0-07 ) Eliminated from...

  11. Federal Utility Partnership Working Group 2011 Meeting: Washington...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2011 Meeting: Washington Update Federal Utility Partnership Working Group 2011 Meeting: Washington Update Presentation-given at the Fall 2011 Federal Utility Partnership Working...

  12. Type B Accident Investigation At Washington Closure Hanford,...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Fall Injury on July 1, 2009, At The 336 Building, Hanford Site, Washington Type B Accident Investigation At Washington Closure Hanford, LLC, Employee Fall Injury on July 1,...

  13. 106 FERC 61,026 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    Commissioners: Pat Wood, III, Chairman; Nora Mead Brownell, and Joseph T. Kelliher. Puget Sound Energy, Inc. On August 28, 2003, the Commission's Trial Staff (Trial Staff) and Puget Sound Energy, Inc. (Puget) jointly related to Puget that were set for hearing in Docket No. EL03-169-000 in the Commission's Order to Show

  14. Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Seminar: Washington Update

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation covers the Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Seminar: Washington Update on May 22, 2013.

  15. SCHOOL OF BUSINESS THE GEORGE WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY INVESTORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vertes, Akos

    SCHOOL OF BUSINESS THE GEORGE WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY INVESTORS REPORT2011 #12;#12;SCHOOL OF BUSINESS THE GEORGE WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY INVESTORS REPORT2011 #12;4 | THE GEORGE WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF BUSINESS |2011INVESTORSREPORT 4 THE GEORGE WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF BUSINESS | 2011 INVESTORS REPORT

  16. Federal Government Congressional Budget Office, Budget Analysis Division Washington, DC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shyy, Wei

    Charlotte, NC Gallaher Kazakhstan, Security & Brand Integrity Almaty Oblast, Kazakhstan GMMB Washington, DC

  17. Energy Matters in Washington State Page 1 Energy Matters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    Energy Matters in Washington State ­ Page 1 Energy Matters in Washington State June 2008 Updated November 2009 Updated and Revised October 2013 Grand Coulee Dam #12;Energy Matters in Washington State ­ Page 2 Copyright © 2013 Washington State University Energy Program. 905 Plum Street SE, P.O. Box 43169

  18. University of Washington ENTERPRISE RISK MANAGEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaminsky, Werner

    University of Washington ENTERPRISE RISK MANAGEMENT 2010 Annual Report #12;ERM 2010 Annual Report 2 December 2010 "Enterprise Risk Management" (ERM) - a process - to integrate risk into strategic UW Enterprise Risk Management Framework . . . . . . . . . 6 Illustration of ERM Components

  19. Charging Up in King County, Washington

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Constantine, Dow; Oliver, LeAnn; Inslee, Jay; Sahandy, Sheida; Posthuma, Ron; Morrison, David;

    2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    King County, Washington is spearheading a regional effort to develop a network of electric vehicle charging stations. It is also improving its vehicle fleet and made significant improvements to a low-income senior housing development.

  20. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Information

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    facilities in Washington, use the TransAtlas interactive mapping tool or use BioFuels Atlas to show the use and potential production of biofuels throughout the U.S. and...

  1. University of Washington Montlake Landfill Oversight Committee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilcock, William

    University of Washington Montlake Landfill Oversight Committee Montlake Landfill Project Guide Department with the review and approval of the Montlake Landfill Oversight Committee. #12;Montlake Landfill ...................................................................................................................................3 Figure 1 ­ Approximate Boundaries of the Montlake Landfill

  2. Washington City Power- PV Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Washington City offers a rebate of $1,000 per kilowatt-DC (kW-DC) to customers who install photovoltaic (PV) systems or wind-energy systems. The rebate is limited to $3,000 for residential systems...

  3. Charging Up in King County, Washington

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    King County, Washington is spearheading a regional effort to develop a network of electric vehicle charging stations. It is also improving its vehicle fleet and made significant improvements to a...

  4. Washington and Lee University Edgar W. Spencer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marsh, David

    Washington and Lee University Edgar W. Spencer Class of 1953 Professor Edgar Spencer graduated, with great pride and gratitude the University bestows a 2013 Distinguished Alumni Award on Edgar W. Spencer

  5. Washington Gas- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Washington Gas provides a number of rebates to residential customers who utilize energy efficient equipment and measures in the home. Rebate are available for tankless water heaters, storage (tank)...

  6. pacific northwest UNIVERSITY of WASHINGTON PRESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manchak, John

    Alini iyer published with south asian oral history project and university of washington libraries Oral or history, this read satisfies an urge for either." ­The Green Life, Sierra Club 304 pp., 36 illus. $18

  7. Thermoacoustic tomography, variable sound speed Plamen Stefanov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefanov, Plamen

    Thermoacoustic tomography, variable sound speed Plamen Stefanov Purdue University Based on a joint work with Gunther Uhlmann Plamen Stefanov (Purdue University ) Thermoacoustic tomography, variable sound speed 1 / 18 #12;Formulation Main Problem Thermoacoustic Tomography In thermoacoustic tomography

  8. S10-Sound-Interference -1 -Page 1 of 8 INTERFERENCE OF SOUND WAVES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glashausser, Charles

    S10-Sound-Interference - 1 - Page 1 of 8 INTERFERENCE OF SOUND WAVES PURPOSE: To measure the wavelength, frequency, and propagation speed of ultrasonic sound waves and to observe interference phenomena with ultrasonic sound waves. APPARATUS: Oscilloscope, function generator, transducers, meter stick, angle board

  9. Toward a Unique UnderstandingToward a Unique Understanding Washington SquareWashington Square

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hung, I-Kuai

    ;LagniappeLagniappe 1837 Map of Nacogdoches1837 Map of Nacogdoches 1846 Map of Nacogdoches1846 Map #12;The Sanborn MapsThe Sanborn Maps #12;Georeferenced RepresentationGeoreferenced Representation #12 excavations atbelow from the 1979 excavations at Washington Square.Washington Square. #12;The GridThe Grid #12

  10. Early Adopter PDC AtEarly Adopter PDC At Washington and LeeWashington and Lee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stough, Joshua

    Early Adopter ­ PDC AtEarly Adopter ­ PDC At Washington and LeeWashington and Lee Four-year Liberal with and manipulation of collections of stuff.manipulation of collections of stuff. · PDC applications: sorting, recursive treePDC applications: sorting, recursive tree structures, image processing,...structures, image

  11. A comparison of diversity in the zfy gene in two species of pinnipeds with different breeding strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sweny, Jason Michael

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    , on the outer coast of Washington and Oregon from April through June, in Puget Sound, Washington from late July to September, and in the western Gulf of Alaska from May to June (Thompson 1988, King 1983). Lamont et al.(1996) suggested that it is controlled... of the human y chromosome. Science 278:675-680 Lamont, M. M., J. T. Vida, J. T. Harvey, S. Jefferies, R. Brown, H. H. Huber, R. De Long, and W. K. Thomas. 1996. Genetic substructure of the pacific harbor seal off Washington, Oregon, and California...

  12. 2008 WIND TECHNOLOGIES MARKET REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    multi-year)* Xcel-PSCo MN-MISO** Puget Sound Energy Arizonaand Windlogics Inc. (2006) [MN-MISO]; Puget Sound Energy (2008 at 2006 Gas Prices MN-MISO Pacificorp-2004 Pacificorp-

  13. Title Slide Examples

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    July 17, 2012 Home Energy Reports: Three Year Review Puget Sound Energy Joel Smith and Bobbi Wilhelm Facilitated by Summer Goodwin, BPA July 2012 Puget Sound Energy Joel Smith and...

  14. Washington, Iowa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTri Global EnergyUtilityInformationWashingtonInformationWashington,

  15. Washington Technology Center | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin BaxinUmweltVillageGraph HomeWarana Group ofWashingtonWashington

  16. Small Business Summit - Coming to Washington State this April...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Small Business Summit - Coming to Washington State this April Small Business Summit - Coming to Washington State this April February 23, 2012 - 12:24pm Addthis You're invited to...

  17. Orcas Power & Light- MORE Green Power Program (Washington)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Orcas Power and Light (OPALCO), an electric cooperative serving Washington’s San Juan Islands, provides a production-based incentive for residential and commercial members who generate energy from...

  18. CHP Units in Washington State - Datasets - OpenEI Datasets

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    CHP Units in Washington State This is data taken from the website http:www.eea-inc.comchpdataStatesWA.html on 232015 regarding the Cogeneration units in Washington State....

  19. Washington Notice of Construction Application under New Source...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Washington Notice of Construction Application under New Source Review (Form ECY 070-410) Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Form: Washington Notice...

  20. Anomalous Cherenkov spin-orbit sound

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smirnov, Sergey [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Regensburg, D-93040 Regensburg (Germany)

    2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Cherenkov effect is a well-known phenomenon in the electrodynamics of fast charged particles passing through transparent media. If the particle is faster than the light in a given medium, the medium emits a forward light cone. This beautiful phenomenon has an acoustic counterpart where the role of photons is played by phonons and the role of the speed of light is played by the sound velocity. In this case the medium emits a forward sound cone. Here, we show that in a system with spin-orbit interactions in addition to this normal Cherenkov sound there appears an anomalous Cherenkov sound with forward and backward sound propagation. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the transition from the normal to anomalous Cherenkov sound happens in a singular way at the Cherenkov cone angle. The detection of this acoustic singularity therefore represents an alternative experimental tool for the measurement of the spin-orbit coupling strength.

  1. Advanced structure-borne sound Wave mobilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berlin,Technische Universität

    ^p e j(v -p ) · Wave mobilities © Prof. B.A.T. Petersson Advanced structure-borne sound · Decomposed1 Advanced structure-borne sound p(kx) v(kx) v = p Y = ^ve- jkx x ejv ^pe- jkx x e jp = ^v ^p = ^v;2 Advanced structure-borne sound · Interface mobilities s C kp = 2p C kq = 2q C ; p = 0 ±1 ±2 ±3... ; q = 0

  2. Zero sound in dipolar Fermi gases

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ronen, Shai [JILA and Department of Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80301 (United States); Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Innsbruck, and Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Bohn, John L. [JILA and Department of Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80301 (United States)

    2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the propagation of sound in a homogeneous dipolar gas at zero temperature, which is known as zero sound. We find that undamped zero sound propagation is possible only in a range of solid angles around the direction of polarization of the dipoles. Above a critical dipole moment, we find an unstable mode, by which the gas collapses locally perpendicular to the dipoles' direction.

  3. Pacific Northwest Storms Situation Report # 5

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2006-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant progress has been made in restoring power to customers in the Pacific Northwest region. Currently, 186,627 customers remain without power. The majority of customers without power are served by Puget Sound Energy. This is down from 1.8 million customers who lost power following severe wind and snow storms on December 14-15, 2006. The customers without power represent about 6 percent of customers in the affected utility service areas of Oregon and Washington. See table below.

  4. EIS-0317-S1: Kangley-Echo Lake Transmission Line Project Final Environmental Impact Statement

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) has completed a supplemental draft Environmental Impact Statement (SDEIS) for the proposed Kangley-Echo Lake Transmission Line Project. The proposed line in central King County, Washington is needed to accommodate electrical growth and reliability concerns in the Puget Sound area. The SDEIS analyzes four additional transmission alternatives not analyzed in detail in the draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) issued in June 2001, and a number of non-transmission alternatives.

  5. 1979-1980 Geothermal Resource Assessment Program in Washington

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Korosec, M.A.; Schuster, J.E.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Separate abstracts were prepared for seven papers. Also included are a bibliography of geothermal resource information for the State of Washington, well temperature information and locations in the State of Washington, and a map of the geology of the White Pass-Tumac Mountain Area, Washington. (MHR)

  6. Late Quaternary history of Washington Land, North Greenland OLE BENNIKE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingólfsson, Ólafur

    Late Quaternary history of Washington Land, North Greenland OLE BENNIKE Bennike, O. 2002 (September): Late Quaternary history of Washington Land, North Greenland. Boreas, Vol. 31, 260­272. Oslo. ISSN 0300-9483. During the last glacial stage, Washington Land in western North Greenland was probably completely inun

  7. Sound Waves from Quenched Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vladimir Khachatryan; Edward Shuryak

    2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Heavy ion collisions at RHIC/LHC energies are well described by the (nearly ideal) hydrodynamics. Last year this success has been extended to higher angular harmonics, $v_n,n=3..9$ induced by initial-state perturbations, in analogy to cosmic microwave background fluctuations. Here we use hydrodynamics to study sound propagation emitted by quenched jets. We use the so called "geometric acoustics" to follow the sound propagation, on top of the expanding fireball. The conical waves, known as "Mach cones", turn out to be strongly distorted. We show that large radial flow makes the observed particle spectra to be determined mostlly by the vicinity of their intersection with the fireball's space-like and time-like freezeout surfaces. We further show how the waves modify the freezeout surfaces and spectra. We end up comparing our calculations to the two-particle correlation functions at RHIC, while emphasizing that studies of dijet events observed at LHC should provide much better test of our theory.

  8. Schlumberger Resistivity Soundings At North Brawley Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    due to the success of a geothermal power plant at the southern part of Imperial Valley in Cerro Prieto, Mexico. Notes Schlumberger depth soundings were conducted across Imperial...

  9. Schlumberger Resistivity Soundings At Chena Geothermal Area ...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Schlumberger Resistivity Soundings Activity Date 1979 - 1980 Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Geophysical studies through the University of Alaska...

  10. Experiment Indicates Sound Waves Can Trigger Quakes

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in a laboratory setting, a Los Alamos researcher and his colleagues have shown that seismic waves-the sounds radiated from earthquakes-can induce earthquake aftershocks, often...

  11. WWU Sustainability Academy Western Washington University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

    WWU Sustainability Academy Western Washington University Dear colleagues, We cordially extend to you this invitation to join the WWU Sustainability Academy! Following several years of discussion, a group of faculty has started the (tentatively named) "WWU Sustainability Academy." Our goal is to build

  12. Washington University Department of Computer Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Douglas C.

    Washington University Department of Computer Science CS422: Operating Systems Programming Project_SOCK_Connector (void); // Default constructor. int connect (Muxed_SOCK_Stream *&new_stream, const INET_Addr &remote_sap); // Actively connect and produce a if things go well. // The sap> is the address that we

  13. Electrical Engineering Graduation Requirements University of Washington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Queitsch, Christine

    EE Electrical Engineering Graduation Requirements University of Washington www Chemistry with lab Phys 121 (5cr) ­ Mechanics with lab [pr: Math 124] Engineering Electives (10 Credits Analysis [pr: PHYS 122; MATH 307 & CSE 142 concurrent] Application Deadlines Professional Issues (1 Credit

  14. John Yembrick Headquarters, Washington May 7, 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : 09-100 NASA RELEASES INTERACTIVE 3-D VIEWS OF SPACE STATION, NEW MARS ROVER WASHINGTON -- NASA and Microsoft Corporation of Redmond, Wash., released an interactive, 3-D photographic collection of internal standard digital cameras to construct a 3-D view that can be navigated and explored online. "This stunning

  15. SAN JOSE STATE UNIVERSITY ONE WASHINGTON SQUARE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gleixner, Stacy

    Public Safety Funding). RESOLVED That the San José State University (SJSU) commend the CSU BoardSAN JOSE STATE UNIVERSITY ONE WASHINGTON SQUARE SAN JOSE, CA 95192 SS-F12-2, Sense of the Senate Resolution, Urging that California Voters Become Well Informed About the Current State of Funding

  16. FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Washington, DC 20554

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bove Jr., V. Michael

    FCC 96­207 Before the FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Washington, DC 20554 In the Matter to the advancement of digital television and related technologies by the Federal Communications Commission, its 617­253­0334, fax 617­258­6264 vmb@media.mit.edu #12; EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The Federal Communications

  17. EIS-0205: Joint NEPA/SEPA Final Environmental Impact Statement Washington Windplant No. 1, Goldendale, Washington

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy’s Bonneville Power Administration prepared this statement in order to fulfill its National Environmental Policy Act obligations ahead of signing an agreement with the utilities that would purchase the Windplant’s power from KENETECH. KENETECH Windpower, Inc., proposes to construct and operate Washington Windplant No. 1 in the Columbia Hills area, southeast of Goldendale, in Klickitat County, Washington.

  18. 851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the presentations will feature four Puget Sound area utilities; Puget Sound Energy, Seattle City Light, Snohomish) Puget Sound Energy 2,454 39.8 1.6% $78 Seattle City Light 1,096 14.4 1.3% $33 Snohomish PUD 786 9 of presentations on how energy efficiency is implemented by various entities around the Northwest. In July

  19. Abstract.-The megalopal stage of Ca.ncer o1'egonensis Dana is de-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -reared and naturally occurring populations in the Puget Sound Basin. It is com- pared with megalopae from natural. 'magistet' Dana, C. oregonensis Dana, and C. produc- (:us Randall, coexist in the Puget Sound Basin indigenous to Puget Sound, Ca.ncer magiste-r(Dun- geness crab) is the most thoroughly studied because of its

  20. August 2012 Volume 9, Issue 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    team has turned their sights further north to Puget Sound, which may be influenced by urban, industrial, or agriculture surroundings, to study two specific PBDEs found in Puget Sound's Chinook salmon. In a new study of concentrations. This study is funded by a competitive EPA Region 10 grant, Puget Sound Science and Technical

  1. PREDAnON ON JUVENILE PACIFIC SALMON BY A MARINE ISOPOD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by the Isopoda. In July 1969, we began a series of experiments in Puget Sound to evaluate the feasibility in Puget Sound are the subspecies, pugettensis. He as- signs subspecific rank on the basis of the number of central Puget Sound) had six spines on the propodite of the prehensile legs. 699 #12;Rocinela sp. belongs

  2. Publications New NMFS Scientific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - roneetes amerieanus, prey on annelids, coe- lenterates, and bivalve molluscs. Puget Sound Fisheries information about the physical properties and bio- logical aspects of Puget Sound, man's use of it, and his of the Puget Sound region and. as it must, deals in large part with the commercial and recreational fisheries

  3. 1. Council Business Election of Council Vice-Chair

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    seconded the motion to approve the report, and the motion passed. 2. Presentation on Puget Sound Energy IRP: Phillip Popoff, Manager, Integrated Resource Planning, Puget Sound Energy. Phillip Popoff, manager of integrated resource planning for Puget Sound Energy, said PSE's Integrated Resource Plan (IRP) focuses

  4. MFR PAPER 1271 Importance of Eelgrass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MFR PAPER 1271 Importance of Eelgrass Beds in Puget Sound GORDON W. THAYER and RONALD C. PHILLIPS to almot liquid mud . Eelgrass, Zostera marina, which oc- curs extensively in Puget Sound , i a generally ,000 acre of the bottom of Puget Sound is covered by eelgra . On the Pacific coast this seagra

  5. MFRPAPER1117 Net-Pen Culture of Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Puget Sound, Wash., in 1969 with small (2.7 m:l) net en- closures. The rapId growth and reasonable-pen culture is being practiced in Puget Sound waters for two purposes: (1) the commercia l production of pan.-Puget Sound , Wash. This inland arm of the Pacific Ocean is the site of major activi- ties

  6. PAC I F I C C OAS T S A L M O N Pacific Coast Salmon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    recreationally and commercially in the Pacific Ocean, Puget Sound, and in freshwater rivers on their spawning of gear depending on location: in the Pacific Ocean all harvest is by trolling; in Puget Sound, gillnets, and sockeye salmon are not harvested in signifi- cant numbers recreationally nor outside of Puget Sound

  7. u. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Daniel C. Roper, Secretary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Commissioner THE SALMON AND SALMON FISHERIES OF SWIFTSURE BANK, PUGET SOUND, AND THE FRASER RIVER By GEORGE A OF SWIFT. SURE BANK, PUGET SOUND, AND THE FRASER RIVER 1 By GEORGE A. ROUNSEFEI.I., PH. D., and GEORGE B - - - - - -- Seasonal occurrence of each species_ - - _- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -- Puget sound

  8. The Northwest Wind Integration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Commission Jim Lobdell, Portland General Electric Eric Markell, Puget Sound Energy Louise McCarren, Western Administration Doug Faulkner, Puget Sound Energy Larry Felton, Energy Northwest David Fine, NorthWestern Energy, Inc. Joe Hoerner, Puget Sound Energy Mike Hoffman, Bonneville Power Administration Pamela Jacklin

  9. NOAA/NMFS Developments u.s. Fish Catch Up in 1978

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -round seawater tem- peratures of Puget Sound which range from 42° to 60°F (6-16°C). Seawater temperatures in New at Manchester, Wash., and raised in saltwater pens in Puget Sound. When mature, the fish are spawned 30 mature female salmon raised in Puget Sound during an earlier experiment to develop an Atlan- tic

  10. , JI'''~~t~;._ " ... "_ ~\\ _ ~ "1'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by the Wash- ington State Department of Fisheries lead us to suspect that coho salmon from Puget Sound as dotheir siblings released earlier. Instead, they stay in Puget Sound to grow to adulthood, thereby in Puget Sound by the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS). In salt water of the proper temperature

  11. PACIFIC COAST SALMON pacific Coast Salmon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the Pacific Ocean, Puget Sound, and in freshwater rivers on their spawning migrations. All recreational. In the Pacific Ocean all harvest is by trolling; in Puget Sound, gillnets and purse seines are used in addition outside of Puget Sound. While there are intense recreational fisheries directed at these species in a few

  12. Satellite Infrared Soundings From NOAA Spacecraft

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NOAA Tec / Satellite Infrared Soundings From NOAA Spacecraft #12;U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Infrared Soundings From NOAA Spacecraft L. M. McMillin D. Q. Wark J. M. Siomkajlo P. G. Abel A. Werbowetzki. E. Bittner C. M. Hayden #12;UDC 551.507.362.2:551.508.2:551.501.7:535-1 Physics Infrared radiation

  13. Generalised Soundness of Workflow Nets is Decidable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidorova, Natalia

    Generalised Soundness of Workflow Nets is Decidable Kees van Hee, Natalia Sidorova, and Marc investigate the decidability of the problem of generalised soundness for Workflow nets: ``Every marking with considering simple correctness criteria for Workflow nets and reduce them to the check of structural

  14. Feeding Young Horses For Sound Development 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibbs, Pete G.; Potter, Gary D.

    2005-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Feeding Young Horses for Sound Development B-5043 05-05 Feeding Young Horses for Sound Development Pete G. Gibbs Professor and Extension Horse Specialist Department Of Animal Science Equine Sciences Program The Texas A&M University System Gary D...

  15. achieve uniform sound: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Sound Renderer Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary: sound waves propagation is achieved by the ECHO module using an original hierarchical radiant...

  16. aggregate sound velocities: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    an acoustic loop filter Physics Websites Summary: observation of negative group velocity propagation of sound waves through an asymmetric loop filterSound beyond the speed of...

  17. Analysis Procedure And Equipment For Deep Geoelectrical Soundings...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Soundings In Noisy Areas Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Analysis Procedure And Equipment For Deep Geoelectrical Soundings...

  18. Physical Consonance Law of Sound Waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mario Goto

    2005-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Sound consonance is the reason why it is possible to exist music in our life. However, rules of consonance between sounds had been found quite subjectively, just by hearing. To care for, the proposal is to establish a sound consonance law on the basis of mathematical and physical foundations. Nevertheless, the sensibility of the human auditory system to the audible range of frequencies is individual and depends on a several factors such as the age or the health in a such way that the human perception of the consonance as the pleasant sensation it produces, while reinforced by an exact physical relation, may involves as well the individual subjective feeling.

  19. Sound Science: Taking Action with Acoustics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sinha, Dipen

    2014-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    From tin whistles to sonic booms, sound waves interact with each other and with the medium through which they travel. By observing these interactions, we can identify substances that are hidden in sealed containers and obtain images of buried objects. By manipulating the ability of sound to push matter around, we can create novel structures and unique materials. Join the Lab's own sound hound, Dipen Sinha, as he describes how he uses fundamental research in acoustics for solving problems in industry, security and health.

  20. Sound Science: Taking Action with Acoustics

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Sinha, Dipen

    2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    From tin whistles to sonic booms, sound waves interact with each other and with the medium through which they travel. By observing these interactions, we can identify substances that are hidden in sealed containers and obtain images of buried objects. By manipulating the ability of sound to push matter around, we can create novel structures and unique materials. Join the Lab's own sound hound, Dipen Sinha, as he describes how he uses fundamental research in acoustics for solving problems in industry, security and health.

  1. Nonlinear Sound during Granular Impact

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abram H. Clark; Alec J. Petersen; Lou Kondic; R. P. Behringer

    2014-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    How do dynamic stresses propagate in granular material after a high-speed impact? This occurs often in natural and industrial processes. Stress propagation in a granular material is controlled by the inter-particle force law, $f$, in terms of particle deformation, $\\delta$, often given by $f\\propto\\delta^{\\alpha}$, with $\\alpha>1$. This means that a linear wave description is invalid when dynamic stresses are large compared to the original confining pressure. With high-speed video and photoelastic grains with varying stiffness, we experimentally study how forces propagate following an impact and explain the results in terms of the nonlinear force law (we measure $\\alpha\\approx 1.4$). The spatial structure of the forces and the propagation speed, $v_f$, depend on a dimensionless parameter, $M'=t_cv_0/d$, where $v_0$ is the intruder speed at impact, $d$ is the grain diameter, and $t_c$ is a binary collision time between grains with relative speed $v_0$. For $M'\\ll 1$, propagati ng forces are chain-like, and the measured $v_f \\propto d/t_c\\propto v_b(v_0/v_b)^\\frac{\\alpha-1}{\\alpha+1}$, where $v_b$ is the bulk sound speed. For larger $M'$, the force response has a 2D character, and forces propagate faster than predicted by $d/t_c$ due to collective stiffening of a packing.

  2. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    AREAS 495 596 681 585 599 713 473 739 740 828 792 767 686 722 724 ARRIVALS INTO PUGET SOUND (DISTINCT 2011 3412 3404 6816 3408 2012 3112 3000 6112 3056 Neah Bay Crossing Line 1 2 3 Georgia Strait Puget -166 0 187 41 x21 Puget Sound - Bouy J 126 81 0 37 -169 x12 Bouy J - Puget Sound 126 81 0 37 -169 x23

  3. Cutting sound enhancement system for mining machines

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Leigh, Michael C. (Coal Center, PA); Kwitowski, August J. (Clairton, PA)

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A cutting sound enhancement system (10) for transmitting an audible signal from the cutting head (101) of a piece of mine machinery (100) to an operator at a remote station (200), wherein, the operator using a headphone unit (14) can monitor the difference in sounds being made solely by the cutting head (101) to determine the location of the roof, floor, and walls of a coal seam (50).

  4. Merged Sounding Value-Added Product

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Troyan, D

    2010-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The Merged Sounding value-added product (VAP) uses a combination of observations from radiosonde soundings, the microwave radiometer (MWR), surface meteorological instruments, and European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) model output with a sophisticated scaling/interpolation/smoothing scheme in order to define profiles of the atmospheric thermodynamic state at one-minute temporal intervals and a total of 266 altitude levels.

  5. Sound art and spatial practices : situating sound installation art since 1958

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ouzounian, Gascia

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the interior and exterior spaces as well as visuallydo not represent exterior space, but were conceived andexterior architecture. Varèse claimed that: Densil Cabrera, “Sound Space and

  6. FUPWG Spring 2010 Meeting South Dakota: Washington Update

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation covers an update on Washington given at the Spring 2010 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting in Rapid City, South Dakota.

  7. Washington Recovery Act State Memo | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Recovery Act State Memo Washington State has substantial natural resources, including biomass, wind, geothermal, and hydroelectric power. The American Recovery & Reinvestment Act...

  8. BOBBI M. JOHNSON Washington State University PO Box 644236

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemp, Brian M.

    , Washington-BC, Idaho/Palouse - Sections: Genetics, Education GRANTS AWARDED Northwest Scientific Association / 2011 - 2012 Palouse Audubon Society Research Grant Genetic Characterization of Historic Upper

  9. Energy Secretary Chu, EPA Administrator Jackson, Washington State...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    subject to a public comment period. The proposed consent decree between the Department of Energy (DOE) and Washington State will set a new and achievable schedule for construction...

  10. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Washington Area New Automobile...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Association (WANADA) serves as the representative organization for all franchised new car dealers in the metropolitan Washington region. Workplace charging matches the vision...

  11. annual meeting washington: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Washington ENTERPRISE RISK MANAGEMENT 2010 Annual Report 12;ERM 2010 Annual Report 2 December 2010 "Enterprise Risk Management" (ERM) - a process - to integrate risk...

  12. asce seattle washington: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sept. 21, 2006 Seattle, Washington Next-generation 76Ge neutrinoless double beta-decay experiments J.F. Wilkerson Center for Experimental Nuclear Physics and...

  13. Potential Federal On-Site Solar Aggregation in Washington, D...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Shah 2 Presentation Overview * Federal Renewable Requirements * On-site Renewable Energy Purchase Overview * Washington DCMaryland Solar Options * Case Studies * Federal...

  14. Energy Incentive Programs, Washington | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube|6721 FederalTexas Energy Incentive Programs, Texas Updated JuneWashington Energy

  15. Washington -- SEP Data Dashboard | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradley Nickell Director ofDepartment of Energy Washington ,

  16. Acme, Washington: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlinPapersWindey Wind6:00-06:00AboutAchille,Acme, Washington: Energy

  17. Bothell, Washington: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass ConversionsSouthbyBoston Heights, Ohio: Energy ResourcesBothell, Washington:

  18. Bucoda, Washington: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomassSustainable andBucoda, Washington: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,

  19. Burien, Washington: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomassSustainable andBucoda, Washington:InformationgeothermalBurien,

  20. Washington Gas Energy Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown ofNationwide PermitInformationIsland: Energy ResourcesProcessWashington Gas

  1. Skykomish, Washington: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt LtdShawangunk, New York:SiG SolarSkykomish, Washington: Energy Resources Jump

  2. Kent, Washington: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetecGtelInteriasIowa:Washington: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search

  3. Kingsgate, Washington: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetecGtelInteriasIowa:Washington:Kimble County,

  4. Kirkland, Washington: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetecGtelInteriasIowa:Washington:KimbleKinnelon, NewOklahoma:(Redirected from

  5. Enumclaw, Washington: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOEHazel Crest,EnergySerranopolis JumpESLEnergyEnphaseEnumclaw, Washington:

  6. Newcastle, Washington: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall, Pennsylvania:Information296593°,Newcastle, Washington: Energy Resources

  7. Medina, Washington: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant JumpMarysville, Ohio: Energy8429°, -88.864698°MecostaWashington: Energy Resources

  8. Tenino, Washington: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries PvtStratosolar Jump to:HoldingsTechintIsNumericTenino, Washington: Energy Resources

  9. Washington Gas Energy Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin BaxinUmweltVillageGraph HomeWarana Group ofWashington Gas Energy

  10. Washington: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin BaxinUmweltVillageGraph HomeWarana GroupInformationWashington:

  11. Renton, Washington: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation,Maze - Making the Path for FutureRenton, Washington:

  12. Ritzville, Washington: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation,Maze -RichtonMissouri: EnergyRitzville, Washington:

  13. Rochester, Washington: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation,MazeOhio:Ohio: Energy Resources Jump to:Washington:

  14. Tumwater, Washington: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown of Ladoga, Indiana (UtilityTri-StateTucson Estates,Tumwater, Washington: Energy

  15. A First Course in Linear Algebra A First Course in Linear Algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beezer, Robert A.

    Department of Mathematics and Computer Science University of Puget Sound Version 2.99 #12;Robert A. Beezer is a Professor of Mathematics at the University of Puget Sound, where he has been on the faculty since 1984. He, 2012. Publisher Robert A. Beezer Department of Mathematics and Computer Science University of Puget

  16. MFR PAPER 1297 ANTHONYJ,NOVOTNY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OF VIBRIOSIS AND FURUNCULOSIS The two most common diseases oc- curring in salmon cultured in seawater in Puget Manchester, Wash. (Fig. I). The major research effort at this station in central Puget Sound is focused), In the Puget Sound area, two distinct serotypes of V, anguillarum have caused extensive mortalities in net

  17. Acknowledgments I am indebted to Ned Doughty, owner and op-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    as food. Recently there has been a renewed interest in commercial exploitation of this species in Puget food and reduction purposes, in contrast to 4.9 million lb landed during 1976 in Puget Sound ports of Puget Sound dogfish as food and the mercury levels in relation to import regu- lations ofvarious

  18. ALEXANDER PERLIN Research Scientist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    form drag from seafloor pressure measurement". Puget Sound, WA. June 2010: R/V Wecoma/V Clifford Barnes. "Direct estimation of topographic form drag from seafloor pressure measurement". Puget seafloor pressure measurement". Puget Sound, WA. October-November 2008: R/V Wecoma. " Equatorial Internal

  19. Medical Remote Monitoring using sound environment analysis and wearable sensors 1 Medical Remote Monitoring using sound

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Medical Remote Monitoring using sound environment analysis and wearable sensors 1 X Medical Remote Monitoring using sound environment analysis and wearable sensors Dan Istrate1, Jérôme Boudy2, Hamid Medjahed1. In Europe, for example, the life expectancy for men is about 71 years and for women about 79 years

  20. Aerospace & Energetics Research Program -University of Washington Plasma Dynamics Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shumlak, Uri

    of Washington Plasma Dynamics Group q The Boltzmann equation is seven dimensional. q As a consequence plasmaAerospace & Energetics Research Program - University of Washington Plasma Dynamics Group Plasma Plasma Dynamics Group Abstract Many current plasma simulation codes are based on the magnetohydrodynamic

  1. POLYGENETIC TOPOGRAPHY OF THE CASCADE RANGE, WASHINGTON STATE, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -relief topography, 2) post-Miocene surface uplift of the range superimposed on pre-existing high-relief topographyPOLYGENETIC TOPOGRAPHY OF THE CASCADE RANGE, WASHINGTON STATE, USA SARA GRAN MITCHELL Range of Washington State by analyzing the topography, geology, and exhumation patterns across the range

  2. 12008 Tribal Leadership Summit Universit y of Washington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaminsky, Werner

    for Sustainable Societies 26 Genomics Outreach for Minorities 27 Research Opportunities in Materials Science Leadership Summit University of washington libraries American Indian Children's and Young Adult Material 73 Art, UW Bothell Library 75 University of washington, Bothell Tulalip Data Services 76 University

  3. Pacific Northwest Storms Situation Report # 7

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2006-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite a small storm that came through the area last night with wind gusts peaking at 45 MPH, progress continues to be made in restoring power to customers who lost power during the December 14-15 storms which hit the Pacific Northwest region. Currently, 95,971 customers remain without power, down from 1.8 million customers. The wind storm which affected the area yesterday was not as bad as previously expected, with the majority of the customer outages in the BC Hydro region, and 3,000 additional customer outages in the Puget Sound Energy service area. The customers without power represent 5 percent of customers in the affected utility service areas of Washington. The majority of customers without power are served by Puget Sound Energy, BC Hydro, and Seattle City Light.

  4. ESA LISTED SPECIES appendix 7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chinook salmon (California coastal ESU; Central Valley spring-run ESU; Lower Columbia River ESU; Puget DPS; Lower Columbia River DPS; Middle Columbia River DPS; Northern California DPS; Puget Sound DPS

  5. Spectral analyses of avian heart value sounds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeyaseelan, Prithika

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    septum gives rise to a small positive R wave in the elctrocardiogram. The depolarization wave moves upwards along the walls ol' the right and left ventri- cles, giving rise to the S wave in the electrocardiogram. Ventricular depolarization lasts.... The fourth sound is fused with the first in individuals having a short P-R interval in the EGG. In rare cs. ses a third component caused by the presystolic tensing of the AV valves had been recorded (19). A fifth sound occurs in some cases after the third...

  6. Sound Geothermal Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt LtdShawangunk, NewSingaporeSonix Japan Inc Jump to:Sound Beach, New York:Sound

  7. ester Thurow says "what sounds sensible (export

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ester Thurow says "what sounds sensible (export more) when heard sepa- rately in each country becomes nonsense when aggregated around the world. No one can have more net exports unless someone else a strong relationship between exports and farm prosperity in the United States. From the early 1900s

  8. Demonstrations: sound source for Doppler shift

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boal, David

    of the Universe Doppler effect The technique for measuring the velocities of very remote galaxies is based uponDemonstrations: ·sound source for Doppler shift ·big balloon and labels Text: Mod. Phys. 8.A, 8.B, 8.C Problems: 1, 3, 6, 7 from Ch. 8 What's important: ·Doppler shift ·Hubble's law ·age

  9. Heat flow and geothermal studies in the state of Washington

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blackwell, D.D.; Steele, J.L.; Kelley, S.A.

    1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Existing geothermal gradient and heat flow data for the state of Washington are summarized. In addition, information on mean-annual ground surface temperatures is included. The data consist of accurate, detailed temperature-depth measurements in selected available holes throughout the state of Washington made between 1979 and 1982. Measurements of thermal conductivity on selected rock samples from these drill holes and ancillary information required to assess the significance of the data and calculate heat flow values were obtained as well. Information is presented on the mean-annual ground-surface temperatures throughout the state of Washington. 32 refs., 15 figs., 4 tabs.

  10. International Electric Propulsion Conference, The George Washington University, USA October 6 10, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Mitchell

    1 The 33rd International Electric Propulsion Conference, The George Washington University, USA Electric Propulsion Conference, The George Washington University · Washington, D.C. · USA October 6 ­ 10.t.yim@nasa.gov. #12;2 The 33rd International Electric Propulsion Conference, The George Washington University, USA

  11. The Archeology of Relic Sound Waves J.R. Gladden

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gladden, Josh

    The Archeology of Relic Sound Waves J.R. Gladden Assistant Professor of Physics University and results from this large body of work. I have found the recent article "Cosmic sound waves rule" by Daniel" in the movies aside). However, there was a time when sound waves filled the entire universe, and recent

  12. INFLUENCE OF SOUND WAVE STIMULATION ON THE GROWTH OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    INFLUENCE OF SOUND WAVE STIMULATION ON THE GROWTH OF STRAWBERRY IN SUNLIGHT GREENHOUSE Lirong Qi differences between the circumstances of the two sunlight greenhouses, the strawberry after the sound wave disease and insect pest were enhanced. The experiment results show that sound wave stimulation can

  13. ISIS, AN ALTERNATIVE APPROACH TO SOUND WAVES Clarence Barlow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    ISIS, AN ALTERNATIVE APPROACH TO SOUND WAVES Clarence Barlow Royal Conservatoire Juliana van Sinusoids', is a means of mathematically interpolating sine wave segments between the samples of a sound wave recording (the word "sample" is here used as in "sample rate"). The sound wave is thus

  14. Structure-borne sound Flexural wave (bending wave)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berlin,Technische Universität

    1 Structure-borne sound · Flexural wave (bending wave) »One dimensional (beam) +(/x)dx +(/x)dx = (/x) (/x)dx=(2/x2)dx Mz +(Mz/x)dx Mz vy Fy Fy +(Fy/x)dx Structure-borne sound · Bending wave ­ flexural wave #12;2 Structure-borne sound · Two obliquely propagating waves + - + + - + - Structure

  15. Detection of aeroacoustic sound sources on aircraft and wind turbines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Twente, Universiteit

    Detection of aeroacoustic sound sources on aircraft and wind turbines Stefan Oerlemans #12;Detection of aeroacoustic sound sources on aircraft and wind turbines S. Oerlemans Thesis University;DETECTION OF AEROACOUSTIC SOUND SOURCES ON AIRCRAFT AND WIND TURBINES PROEFSCHRIFT ter verkrijging van de

  16. Computerised lung sound analysis to improve the specificity of paediatric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elhilali, Mounya

    Computerised lung sound analysis to improve the specificity of paediatric pneumonia diagnosis that pulmonary pathology can be differentiated from normal using computerised lung sound analysis (CLSA). The authors will record lung sounds from 600 children aged #5 years, 100 each with consolidative pneumonia

  17. Washington Post, Sept. 15, 2005 Communication Challenges After the Hurricane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peha, Jon M.

    Washington Post, Sept. 15, 2005 Communication Challenges After the Hurricane Jon M. Peha Many survivors of Hurricane Katrina who tried to call for rescue or medical assistance found that their cell

  18. Fiscal Year 2006 Washington Closure Hanford Science & Technology Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    K.J. Kroegler, M. Truex, D.J. McBride

    2006-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

    This Washington Closure Hanford science and technology (S&T) plan documents the activities associated with providing S&T support to the River Corridor Closure Project for fiscal year 2006.

  19. Geoff Brumfiel, Washington Plans shut down international high

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    particle nuclear physics, that decision could affect future projects. think major impact way deal American experiment Tony Reichhardt, Washington Scientific societies urging Department of Agriculture give information agriculture appropriations subcommittee science committee, asked APHIS work closely with research community

  20. Secretary Chu Speaks at the 2010 Washington Auto Show

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    at the 2010 Washington Auto Show, Secretary Chu lays out a roadmap for how the U.S. can lead the world in making the clean vehicles we need. He also announced that the Department of Energy had...

  1. UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON Hazardous Materials Environmental Health & Safety

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilcock, William

    UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON Hazardous Materials Environmental Health & Safety Design Guide Mercury used in many laboratory areas on campus. All laboratory areas and former laboratory areas should. Cleanup by a hazardous materials contractor is required before demolition or construction can begin

  2. MEDICAL FORM Washington and Lee University Outing Club

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marsh, David

    Washington and Lee Outing Club trips are multi-day wilderness expeditions, operating in remote areas where No _____________________________________________________ 21. History of heat stroke or other heat related illness? 21. Yes No FITNESS 22. Do you exercise

  3. Washington Sea Grant Kate Litle, Citizen Science Specialist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carrington, Emily

    Washington Sea Grant Kate Litle, Citizen Science Specialist Michelle Wainstein, Senior Program Stewardship Program Director Citizen Science Advisory Panel Citizen Science Harnessing to State University (WSU) Extension to develop recommendations for advancing citizen science to meet Action

  4. Fluor Federal Services, Richland, Washington, Report from the...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Washington -DOE VPP Onsite Review Report - March 2001 Introduction U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Regulatory Liaison 3 The DOE-VPP onsite review of the Fluor Federal...

  5. EA-0915: Waste Tank Safety Program Hanford Site, Richland, Washington

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the proposal to resolve waste tank safety issues at the Hanford Site near the City of Richland, Washington, and to reduce the risks associated with...

  6. Independent Activity Report, Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC- October 2011

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Industrial Hygiene Surveillance of the Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC Industrial Hygiene Program Strategy and Implementation of the Hanford Concerns Council Recommendations [HIAR-ORP-2011-10-26

  7. Washington State Department of Ecology: Replacement Wells Requiring...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ecology: Replacement Wells Requiring a Water Right Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- OtherOther: Washington State Department of...

  8. Washington State Ergonomics Tool: predictive validity in the waste industry 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eppes, Susan Elise

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This study applies the Washington State Ergonomics Tool to waste industry jobs in Texas. Exposure data were collected by on-site observation of fourteen different multi-task jobs in a major national solid waste management ...

  9. Final Report: Feasibility Study of Biomass in Snohomish County, Washington

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daryl Williams (Tulalip Tribes); Ray Clark (Clark Group)

    2005-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report and its attachments summarizes the results of a unique tribal-farmer cooperative study to evaluate the feasibility of building one or more regional anaerobic digestion systems in Snohomish County, Washington.

  10. Commercial Energy Code Enforcement in Oregon and Washington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, M.; Miller, W.; O'Neill, M.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    COMUERCIAL ENERGY CODE ENFORCEMENT IN OREGON AND WASHINGTON WILL MILLER )(AURA O'NEILL UARK JOHNSON TECHNICAL DIRECTOR PRESIDENT PUBLIC UTILITIES SPECIALIST PORTLAND ENERGY CONSERVATION, IWC . , O'NEILL 6 CO., INC., BONNEVILLE POWER... ADHINISTBATION PORTLAND, OREGON SEATTLE, WASHINGTON PORTLAND. OREGON In recent years. many states and local jurisdictions have passed mandatory building codes to achieve energy efficiency in new construction. All too often the political bodies that pass...

  11. 1999 GWU, RPI, VCU All Rights Reserved Washington State Ferries Risk Assessment -Appendix II The Washington State

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    The Washington State Ferries Risk Assessment Appendix II: Collision, Allision, Grounding and Fire/Explosion..............................................................................................47 SECTION 3: HISTORICAL RATES FOR ALLISIONS, GROUNDINGS AND FIRES/EXPLOSIONS ....................................................................................................53 3.5 FIRE/EXPLOSION ANALYSIS RESULTS.

  12. 1999 GWU, RPI, VCU All Rights Reserved Washington State Ferries Risk Assessment Final Report The Washington State

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    's Transportation Policy Advisor Representative Mike Cooper House Transportation Committee House of Representatives, the Washington State Office of Marine Safety, the Port of Houston, and The Government of Argentina. The tasks

  13. Sound Wave in Vortex with Sink

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soumen Basak

    2003-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Using Komar's definition, we give expressions for the mass and angular momentum of a rotating acoustic black hole. We show that the mass and angular momentum so defined, obey the equilibrium version of the first law of Black Hole thermodynamics. We also show that when a phonon passes by a vortex with a sink, its trajectory is bent. The angle of bending of the sound wave to leading order is quadratic in $A/cb$ and $B/cb$, where $b$ is the impact parameter and $A$ and $B$ are the parameters in the velocity of the fluid flow. The time delay in the propagation of sound wave which to first order depends only on $B/c^2$ and is independent of $A$.

  14. Testing Cosmology with Cosmic Sound Waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pier Stefano Corasaniti; Alessandro Melchiorri

    2008-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    WMAP observations have accurately determined the position of the first two peaks and dips in the CMB temperature power spectrum. These encode information on the ratio of the distance to the last scattering surface to the sound horizon at decoupling. However pre-recombination processes can contaminate this distance information. In order to assess the amplitude of these effects we use the WMAP data and evaluate the relative differences of the CMB peaks and dips multipoles. We find that the position of the first peak is largely displaced with the respect to the expected position of the sound horizon scale at decoupling. In contrast the relative spacings of the higher extrema are statistically consistent with those expected from perfect harmonic oscillations. This provides evidence for a scale dependent phase shift of the CMB oscillations which is caused by gravitational driving forces affecting the propagation of sound waves before recombination. By accounting for these effects we have performed a MCMC likelihood analysis to constrain in combination with recent BAO data a constant dark energy equation w. For a flat universe we find at 95% upper limit w<-1.10, and including the HST prior w<-1.14, which are only marginally consistent with limits derived from the supernova SNLS sample. Larger limits are obtained for non-flat cosmologies. From the full CMB likelihood analysis we also estimate the values of the shift parameter R and the multipole l_a of the acoustic horizon at decoupling for several cosmologies to test their dependence on model assumptions. Although the analysis of the full CMB spectra should be always preferred, using the position of the CMB peaks and dips provide a simple and consistent method for combining CMB constraints with other datasets.

  15. Testing cosmology with cosmic sound waves

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Corasaniti, Pier Stefano [LUTH, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS UMR 8102, Universite Paris Diderot, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon Cedex (France); Melchiorri, Alessandro [Dipartimento di Fisica e Sezione INFN, Universita degli Studi di Roma 'La Sapienza', Ple Aldo Moro 5, 00185, Rome (Italy); CERN, Theory Division, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland)

    2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) observations have accurately determined the position of the first two peaks and dips in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) temperature power spectrum. These encode information on the ratio of the distance to the last scattering surface to the sound horizon at decoupling. However prerecombination processes can contaminate this distance information. In order to assess the amplitude of these effects, we use the WMAP data and evaluate the relative differences of the CMB peak and dip multipoles. We find that the position of the first peak is largely displaced with respect to the expected position of the sound horizon scale at decoupling. In contrast, the relative spacings of the higher extrema are statistically consistent with those expected from perfect harmonic oscillations. This provides evidence for a scale dependent phase shift of the CMB oscillations which is caused by gravitational driving forces affecting the propagation of sound waves before recombination. By accounting for these effects we have performed a Markov Chain Monte Carlo likelihood analysis of the location of WMAP extrema to constrain, in combination with recent BAO data, a constant dark energy equation of state parameter w. For a flat universe we find a strong 2{sigma} upper limit w<-1.10, and including the Hubble Space Telescope prior, we obtain w<-1.14, which is only marginally consistent with limits derived from the Supernova Legacy Survey sample. On the other hand, we infer larger limits for nonflat cosmologies. From the full CMB likelihood analysis, we also estimate the values of the shift parameter R and the multipole l{sub a} of the acoustic horizon at decoupling for several cosmologies, to test their dependence on model assumptions. Although the analysis of the full CMB spectra should always be preferred, using the position of the CMB peaks and dips provides a simple and consistent method for combining CMB constraints with other data sets.

  16. Sound Coiled-Tubing Drilling Practices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, Thomas; Deskins, Greg (Maurer Technology Inc.); Ward, Stephen L. (Advantage Energy Services Ltd); Hightower, Mel

    2001-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This Coiled-Tubing Drilling (CTD) Sound Practices Manual provides tools needed by CTD engineers and supervisors to plan, design and perform safe, successful CTD operations. As emphasized throughout, both careful planning and attention to detail are mandatory for success. A bibliography of many useful CTD references is presented in Chapter 6. This manual is organized according to three processes: 1) Pre-Job Planning Process, 2) Operations Execution Process, and 3) Post-Job Review Process. Each is discussed in a logical and sequential format.

  17. Sounds energetic: the radio producer's energy minibook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Minibook will be expanded into the final Radio Producer's Energy Sourcebook. Radio producers and broadcasters are asked to contribute ideas for presenting energy knowledge to the public and to be included in the Sourcebook. Chapter One presents a case study suggesting programming and promotion ideas and sample scripts for a radio campaign that revolves around no-cost or low-cost steps listeners can take to increase their home energy efficiency and save money. A variety of other energy topics and suggestions on ways to approach them are addressed in Chapter Two. Chapter Three contains energy directories for Baltimore, Philadelphia, Pittsburg, and Washington, DC. The directories will be expanded in the Sourcebook and will consist of a selection of local public and private sector energy-related organizations and list local experts and organizations and the best Federal, state, and local government programs that can provide consumers and citizens groups with information, technical assistance, and financial support. (MCW)

  18. Gravity waves generated by sounds from Big Bang phase transitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tigran Kalaydzhyan; Edward Shuryak

    2015-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Inhomogeneities associated with the cosmological QCD and electroweak phase transitions produce hydrodynamical perturbations, longitudinal sounds and rotations. It has been demonstrated by Hindmarsh et al. that the sounds produce gravity waves (GW) well after the phase transition is over. We further argue, that, under certain conditions, an inverse acoustic cascade may occur and move sound perturbations from the (UV) momentum scale at which the sound is originally produced to much smaller (IR) momenta. Weak turbulence regime of this cascade is studied via Boltzmann equation, possessing stationary power and time-dependent self-similar solutions. We suggest certain indices for strong turbulence regime as well, into which the cascade eventually proceeds. Finally, we point out that two on shell sound waves can produce one on-shell gravity wave, and evaluate the rate of the process using standard sound loop diagram.

  19. Federal -Register / Vol. 52, No. 64 / Friday, April 3, 1987 /,Rules and Regulations latitude [P

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Puget Sour boundarie revised as Tribe Makah............. Ouileute ........... Hoh . Ourwnuft ..... L.Etwha Jamestown- PortGambe.- Lummi. SWinon ...sh. Tutsap h,Tulalip, and Skokomish ated along Puget-44'00- W.lon- gitude. Those locations in the Strait of Juan de Fuca and Puget Sound as determined

  20. The Speed of Sound in Hadronic Matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castorina, P; Miller, D E; Satz, H

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We calculate the speed of sound $c_s$ in an ideal gas of resonances whose mass spectrum is assumed to have the Hagedorn form $\\rho(m) \\sim m^{-a}\\exp{bm}$, which leads to singular behavior at the critical temperature $T_c = 1/b$. With $a = 4$ the pressure and the energy density remain finite at $T_c$, while the specific heat diverges there. As a function of the temperature the corresponding speed of sound initially increases similarly to that of an ideal pion gas until near $T_c$ where the resonance effects dominate causing $c_s$ to vanish as $(T_c - T)^{1/4}$. In order to compare this result to the physical resonance gas models, we introduce an upper cut-off M in the resonance mass integration. Although the truncated form still decreases somewhat in the region around $T_c$, the actual critical behavior in these models is no longer present.

  1. Electromagnetic Soundings At Dixie Valley Geothermal Area (Mallan...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Mallan, Et Al., 2001) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Electromagnetic Soundings At Dixie Valley Geothermal Area (Mallan, Et Al.,...

  2. UBC 50th Anniversary Sound Collection / UBC Archives (collector)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Handy, Todd C.

    UBC 50th Anniversary Sound Collection / UBC Archives (collector) Compiled by Erwin Wodarczak (2006 Archives (collector). ­ September- October 1965. 20 audio recordings. Administrative Sketch The University

  3. atmospheric sound: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Applications of Atmospheric Soundings from Geostationary Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: products can help nowcasting, an improved clear-sky physical...

  4. Electromagnetic Soundings At Kilauea East Rift Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of this study was to obtain a more complete model of the geologic structure and hydrology of Kilauea's east rift zone Notes Electromagnetic transient soundings were conducted...

  5. accurate sound localization: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Profile Layers Engineering Websites Summary: Accurate Ranging in a Stratified Underwater Medium with Multiple Iso-gradient Sound Speed Profile between sensor nodes in an...

  6. Innovate Washington Group Looks to Create State Business

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Madison, Alison L.

    2012-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly column for TCH - April 2012. Excerpt here: Change is inevitable. In fact, many say it’s the only constant. One can either wait for the waves to hit and try not to drown, or get ahead of them and maximize the ride. I believe being proactive is the harder, but more powerful option. Over the past couple years numerous people have proactively worked to effect a particular change across the state of Washington: create a thriving ecosystem to accelerate technology-based economic development and achieve sustainable job growth. The result is an organization called Innovate Washington.

  7. Energy Secretary Moniz's Remarks at CSIS in Washington D.C. on...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Moniz's Remarks at CSIS in Washington D.C. on Energy Security 40 Years after the Embargo - As Delivered Energy Secretary Moniz's Remarks at CSIS in Washington D.C. on Energy...

  8. U.S. Department of Energy - Washington, DC | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Photovoltaic System at the Forrestal Building in Washington, DC The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is housed in the Forrestal Building in Washington, DC. A photovoltaic (PV)...

  9. COMPLEXITY AND ADAPTIVE MANAGEMENT IN WASHINGTON STATE FOREST POLICY, 1987-2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COMPLEXITY AND ADAPTIVE MANAGEMENT IN WASHINGTON STATE FOREST POLICY, 1987-2001 by Mark Kepkay BA and Adaptive Management in Washington State Forest Policy, 1987-2001 PROJECT NUMBER: 345 SUPERVISORY COMMITTEE programs within Washington State forest policy. I focus on the Watershed Analysis program, 1992 to 1997

  10. Ecological Modelling 187 (2005) 140178 Eutrophication model for Lake Washington (USA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arhonditsis, George B.

    Ecological Modelling 187 (2005) 140­178 Eutrophication model for Lake Washington (USA) Part I eutrophication model that has been developed to simulate plankton dynamics in Lake Washington, USA. Because loading scenarios. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Eutrophication; Lake Washington

  11. The 33st International Electric Propulsion Conference, The George Washington University, USA October 6 10, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, Lyon B.

    The 33st International Electric Propulsion Conference, The George Washington University, USA with FerroTec EFH-1 in a non- uniform magnetic field IEPC-2013-319 Presented at the 33rd International Electric Propulsion Conference, The George Washington University · Washington, D.C. · USA October 6 ­ 10

  12. Online Submission ID: 0594 Sound Propagation in Large Complex Environments Using Wave-Ray Coupling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

    Online Submission ID: 0594 Sound Propagation in Large Complex Environments Using Wave-Ray Coupling-3 cal acoustic techniques for sound propagation that computes how4 sound waves travel in space reducing the overall computation.19 1 Introduction20 Sound propagation techniques determine how sound waves

  13. Online Submission ID: 0301 Wave-Ray Coupling for Interactive Sound Propagation in Large Complex Scenes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

    Online Submission ID: 0301 Wave-Ray Coupling for Interactive Sound Propagation in Large Complex numerical techniques.18 1 Introduction19 Sound propagation techniques are used to model how sound waves20 applications use geometric sound propagation40 techniques, which assume that sound waves travels like rays

  14. Spring 2010 (Rev.) Washington and Lee University Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marsh, David

    1 Spring 2010 (Rev.) Washington and Lee University Library Collection Development Policy I. Purpose of the University Library II. Relationship with other libraries III. Purpose of a collection policy IV. Collection. Retrospective purchases D. Duplicates E. Gifts F. Weeding VIII. Types of materials A. Books / E-books B. Serial

  15. Understanding African Poverty: Beyond the Washington Consensus to the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    23 2 Understanding African Poverty: Beyond the Washington Consensus to the Millennium Development Poverty he era of structural adjustment, which can be dated approximately to the last two decades-based development lending of structural adjustment, it remains mired in poverty and debt. What went wrong

  16. UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON Hazardous Materials Environmental Health & Safety

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilcock, William

    project having the potential to impact lead-containing building materials, including lead paint. ResultsUNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON Hazardous Materials Environmental Health & Safety Design Guide Lead Basis, lead-containing materials have the potential to negatively impact the health of construction workers

  17. STATE OF WASHINGTON DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITY, TRADE AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is vital to controlling cost of doing business, reducing consumer spending on energy, and making our an addition $5 billion per year on energy costs an increase of nearly one and onehalf percent in our stateSTATE OF WASHINGTON DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITY, TRADE AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT Energy Policy Division

  18. Fishery Leaflet 374 Washington 2 i Do Co May

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ary Fishery Leaflet 374 Washington 2 i Do Co May FREEZING AND CANNING KING CRAB By John Ao Dassow in maintaining the quality of the canned or frozen product 0 King crab meat must be prooessed with utmost care orab, butohering i oooking i oooling, remo'9'..ing the meat" and oleaning o Reoom- mendations are based

  19. University of Washington Libraries Thesis and Dissertation Submission Agreement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaminsky, Werner

    University of Washington Libraries Thesis and Dissertation Submission Agreement 11/1/2011 In presenting your thesis or dissertation, including any abstract, ("the Work") in partial fulfillment, the publication agreement, if any, associated with such prior publication allows for use in a thesis/dissertation

  20. Materials Science and Engineering Graduate Program Bylaws Washington State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    1 Materials Science and Engineering Graduate Program Bylaws Washington State University of Materials Science and Engineering. In particular: a. To enable students to develop as successful in the field of Materials Science and Engineering. II. Graduate Faculty A. The Gradate Faculty include: 1. All

  1. Washington and Lee University Guidance on Information Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marsh, David

    Washington and Lee University Guidance on Information Security This guidance addresses common issues that have come up during information security discussions with offices and departments across, Information Security Program Committee Chair (sdittman@wlu.edu) or Dean Tallman, Information Security Officer

  2. The Environmental Studies MAJOR The George Washington University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vertes, Akos

    Conservation Biology 3 Chem 2085 Environmental Chemistry 3 CE 1010** Intro to Civil and EnvironmentalThe Environmental Studies MAJOR The George Washington University To declare as an Environmental-8523 Program Advisor Prof. Melissa Keeley, keeley@gwu.edu, (202) 994-7156 Environmental Studies majors must

  3. Anaerobic Co-Digestion on Dairies in Washington State

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    as food-processing wastes) to increase biogas productivity, improve digester performance, and increase with the manure--a process that has been shown to enhance digester performance and notably increase biogas1 Anaerobic Co-Digestion on Dairies in Washington State The solid waste handling permit exemption W

  4. University of Washington-Seattle College of Engineering Mathematics Academy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Richard

    #12;University of Washington-Seattle College of Engineering Mathematics Academy 2010 July 11 - August 6 2010 UW Mathematics Academy #12;About the College of Engineering MATHEMATICS ACADEMY The COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS ACADEMY is a mathematics intensive, four- week residential session , first held

  5. 2004 INDEX OF INNOVATION AND TECHNOLOGY TRI-CITIES, WASHINGTON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    such as traffic congestion and high cost of living o Has two factors impeding its technology-based economic Tax Burden 14 Labor Costs 15 Growth 16 Employment in Technology Firms 17 Growth in Startups 172004 INDEX OF INNOVATION AND TECHNOLOGY TRI-CITIES, WASHINGTON JULY 2004 #12;PNNL-SA-42092 2004

  6. Natural Gas Pipeline Leaks Across Washington, DC Robert B. Jackson,,,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Robert B.

    Natural Gas Pipeline Leaks Across Washington, DC Robert B. Jackson,,, * Adrian Down, Nathan G increased in recent decades, but incidents involving natural gas pipelines still cause an average of 17 fatalities and $133 M in property damage annually. Natural gas leaks are also the largest anthropogenic

  7. MESOSCALE EDDIES Peter B. Rhines, University of Washington,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MESOSCALE EDDIES Peter B. Rhines, University of Washington, School of Oceanography, Box 357940, Seattle, WA 98195 7940, USA Copyright ^ 2001 Academic Press doi:10.1006/rwos.2001.0143 Mesoscale eddies that strongly feel viscosity, to `mesoscale eddies' that strongly feel the Earth's rota- tion, to great `gyres

  8. GeoffBrumfiel,Washington Nuclear watchdogs and former weapons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is supposed to help scientists assess the nation's ageing nuclear stockpile without testing the weaponsGeoffBrumfiel,Washington Nuclear watchdogs and former weapons scientists are taking issue existing bombs detonate, so that the stockpile can be maintained without testing the weapons it contains

  9. Reprint & Copyright by Aerospace Medical Association, Washington, DC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reprint & Copyright ©by Aerospace Medical Association, Washington, DC TECHNICAL NOTE Reflectance.EPICS Biomedical Engineering and Science Institute and Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Drexel and pulsatile and mean Doppler velocities were examined as predictors of impending peripheral light loss (PLL

  10. Green Power Marketing in the United States: A Status Report ...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of New Mexico Puget Sound Energy SCE&G Savannah Electric Tampa Electric Company Tucson Electric Power Company UniSource Energy Services United Illuminating Upper Peninsula...

  11. Duets by molecules and plasmons | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Society. Scientists at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, University of Puget Sound and EMSL used EMSL resources and capabilities to study the interaction between the...

  12. WPP, No. 53: UPSID - Data and Index

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Puget Sound, Luiseno, Porno, Diegueno, Ojibwa, Amahuaca,Yaqui 739 Tiwa 740 Karok 741 Porno 742 Diegueno 743 AchumawiYacqui, Tiwa, Karok, Porno, Diegueno, Achumawi, Shasta,

  13. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - PSE Puget Sound Energy (PSE) provides a 500 rebate to qualified customers for the purchase and installation of Level 2 EVSE....

  14. Contract No

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Power Company, NorthWestern Corp., PacifiCorp, Portland General Electric Company, and Puget Sound Energy, Inc., or their respective successor entities. (p) "May Opinions" has the...

  15. RESIDENTIAL EXCHANGE

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Power Company, NorthWestern Corp., PacifiCorp, Portland General Electric Company, and Puget Sound Energy, Inc., or their respective successor entities. (l) "Standstill Payment"...

  16. ____ High School takes top spot at BPAs 21st annual Regional...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    is a collaboration between Snohomish County Public Utility District, PECI, Lucid, Puget Sound Energy and Starbucks. The program gathers real time energy use data and provides...

  17. RePower Bainbridge's Final Boarding Call Sets Sail for Success...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    properties; connected with trade allies to schedule work; and received loan information from Puget Sound Cooperative Credit Union. Learn more about RePower Bainbridge's event....

  18. Assessment of Strike of Adult Killer Whales by an OpenHydro Tidal Turbine Blade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlson, Thomas J.; Elster, Jennifer L.; Jones, Mark E.; Watson, Bruce E.; Copping, Andrea E.; Watkins, Michael L.; Jepsen, Richard A.; Metzinger, Kurt

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Report to DOE on an analysis to determine the effects of a potential impact to an endangered whale from tidal turbines proposed for deployment in Puget Sound.

  19. For Immediate Release Contacts

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Awards. * The Boeing Co. received the Governor's Award for Leadership by Example, with Puget Sound Energy, Seattle City Light, and Snohomish PUD as the serving utilities. * The...

  20. BONNEVILLE POWER ADMINISTRATION FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    need coupled with an agreement for Portland General Electric to acquire Phase 2 of Puget Sound Energy's Lower Snake River Wind Project, which PGE renamed the Tucannon River...