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Sample records for warrior big horn

  1. EA-1617: Lovell-Yellowtail and Basin-Lovell Transmission Line Rebuild Project, Big Horn County, Wyoming, and Big Horn and Carbon Counties, Montana

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE’s Western Area Power Administration prepared this EA and a finding of no significant impact for a proposal to rebuild the Lovell-Yellowtail (LV-YT) No. 1 and No. 2 115-kV transmission lines, located in Big Horn County, Wyoming, and Big Horn and Carbon Counties in Montana, and the Basin-Lovell 115-kV transmission line in Big Horn County, Wyoming.

  2. Big Horn Rural Electric Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin: EnergyYorkColoradoBelcher HomesBeverly,Lake,GeysersBig Horn

  3. Big Horn Wind Power Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin: EnergyYorkColoradoBelcher HomesBeverly,Lake,GeysersBig HornWind

  4. Big Horn County, Montana: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental JumpInformation BeaufortBentMichigan:Greece)Daddy s Biodiesel Inc JumpBig

  5. Protecting Cattle from Horn Flies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomberlin, Jeffery K.

    2004-05-24

    Horn flies are the most damaging insect to cattle in Texas. This publication explains biological, cultural and chemical methods of controlling horn flies. Various insecticides used to suppress horn flies are listed...

  6. Big Horn 2 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin: EnergyYorkColoradoBelcher HomesBeverly,Lake,Geysers Geothermal2

  7. Big Science

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Dr. Thomas Zacharia

    2010-01-08

    Big science seeks big solutions for the most urgent problems of our times. Video courtesy Cray, Inc.

  8. Horns RevHorns Rev Offshore Wind FarmOffshore Wind Farm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horns RevHorns Rev Offshore Wind FarmOffshore Wind Farm #12;Prepared for: ELSAM A/S, Overgade 45 prior to the construction of an offshore wind farm at Horns Rev, situated approximately 15 km off

  9. Infauna Monitoring Horns Rev Offshore Wind Farm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Infauna Monitoring Horns Rev Offshore Wind Farm Annual Status Report 2003 #12;Infauna Monitoring Horns Rev Offshore Wind Farm Annual Status Report 2003 Published: 13 May 2004 Prepared: Michael Bech

  10. BigHorn Home Improvement Center Energy Performance: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deru, M.; Pless, S.; Torcellini, P.

    2006-04-01

    This is one of the nation's first commercial building projects to integrate extensive high-performance design into a retail space. The extensive use of natural light, combined with energy-efficient electrical lighting design, provides good illumination and excellent energy savings. The reduced lighting loads, management of solar gains, and cool climate allow natural ventilation to meet the cooling loads. A hydronic radiant floor system, gas-fired radiant heaters, and a transpired solar collector deliver heat. An 8.9-kW roof-integrated photovoltaic (PV) system offsets a portion of the electricity.

  11. Big Horn County, Wyoming: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental JumpInformation BeaufortBentMichigan:Greece)Daddy s Biodiesel Inc

  12. Big Horn County Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin: EnergyYorkColoradoBelcher HomesBeverly,Lake,Geysers

  13. Infauna Monitoring Horns Rev Offshore Wind Farm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;Infauna Monitoring Horns Rev Offshore Wind Farm Annual Status Report 2004 Published: 21 April-2004................................................. 48 Wind farm area (Turbine), Reference area (Ref

  14. Horns RevHorns Rev Offshore Wind FarmOffshore Wind Farm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horns RevHorns Rev Offshore Wind FarmOffshore Wind Farm #12;Prepared for: ELSAM A/S, Overgade 45 to establish an offshore wind farm with an output of 150 MW in the waters of Horns Rev, approximately 15 km off to some environmental guidelines for offshore wind farms prepared by the Dani

  15. ECO-WARRIORS IN THE SUPERMARKET?: EVALUATING THE UK SUSTAINABLE CONSUMPTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bateman, Ian J.

    consumption and production; ecological citizenship; government policy; environmental decisionECO-WARRIORS IN THE SUPERMARKET?: EVALUATING THE UK SUSTAINABLE CONSUMPTION STRATEGY AS A TOOL?: EVALUATING THE UK SUSTAINABLE CONSUMPTION STRATEGY AS A TOOL FOR ECOLOGICAL CITIZENSHIP by Gill Seyfang

  16. Reservoir heterogeneity in carboniferous sandstone of the Black Warrior basin. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kugler, R.L.; Pashin, J.C.; Carroll, R.E.; Irvin, G.D.; Moore, H.E.

    1994-06-01

    Although oil production in the Black Warrior basin of Alabama is declining, additional oil may be produced through improved recovery strategies, such as waterflooding, chemical injection, strategic well placement, and infill drilling. High-quality characterization of reservoirs in the Black Warrior basin is necessary to utilize advanced technology to recover additional oil and to avoid premature abandonment of fields. This report documents controls on the distribution and producibility of oil from heterogeneous Carboniferous reservoirs in the Black Warrior basin of Alabama. The first part of the report summarizes the structural and depositional evolution of the Black Warrior basin and establishes the geochemical characteristics of hydrocarbon source rocks and oil in the basin. This second part characterizes facies heterogeneity and petrologic and petrophysical properties of Carter and Millerella sandstone reservoirs. This is followed by a summary of oil production in the Black Warrior basin and an evaluation of seven improved-recovery projects in Alabama. In the final part, controls on the producibility of oil from sandstone reservoirs are discussed in terms of a scale-dependent heterogeneity classification.

  17. Reservoir heterogeneity in Carboniferous sandstone of the Black Warrior basin. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kugler, R.L.; Pashin, J.C.; Carroll, R.E.; Irvin, G.D.; Moore, H.E.

    1994-04-01

    Although oil production in the Black Warrior basin of Alabama is declining, additional oil may be produced through improved recovery strategies, such as waterflooding, chemical injection, strategic well placement, and infill drilling. High-quality characterization of reservoirs in the Black Warrior basin is necessary to utilize advanced technology to recover additional oil and to avoid premature abandonment of fields. This report documents controls on the distribution and producibility of oil from heterogeneous Carboniferous reservoirs in the Black Warrior basin of Alabama. The first part of the report summarizes the structural and depositional evolution of the Black Warrior basin and establishes the geochemical characteristics of hydrocarbon source rocks and oil in the basin. This second part characterizes facies heterogeneity and petrologic and petrophysical properties of Carter and Millerella sandstone reservoirs. This is followed by a summary of oil production in the Black Warrior basin and an evaluation of seven improved-recovery projects in Alabama. In the final part, controls on the producibility of oil from sandstone reservoirs are discussed in terms of a scale-dependent heterogeneity classification.

  18. Hard Bottom Substrate Monitoring Horns Rev Offshore Wind Farm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hard Bottom Substrate Monitoring Horns Rev Offshore Wind Farm Annual Status Report 2003 #12;Hard Bottom Substrate Monitoring Horns Rev Offshore Wind Farm Annual Status Report 2003 Published: 14 May 2004

  19. Col. Shauna Snyder aims for Gold during World Games By Annette Coward, Army Warrior Transition Command

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    du Sport Militaire (CISM) World Games being held in Mungyeong, South Korea, October 2-11 2015. She Warriors competing in para- track and field and para-archery. Founded in 1948, CISM is the second largest of its kind in the world. The United States joined CISM in 1951 and remains one of the most active

  20. CyberCIEGE vs CyberOps NetWarrior September 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that fails to give the player a sense of what the countermeasure actually does. In CyberCIEGE, VPN gateways to the same workstation that has a VPN tunnel into the corporate network. In NetWarrior, a VPN is simply

  1. Representing the Daoist God Zhenwu, the Perfected Warrior, in Late Imperial China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giuffrida, Noelle

    2008-02-29

    Zhenwu, the Perfected Warrior, emerged as an anthropomorphic deity in the early Northern Song (960-1126) and reached the peak of his popularity in the Ming (1368-1644). Prior to this time he was known as Xuanwu, the Dark ...

  2. Emergency Preparedness Plan Horn Point Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boynton, Walter R.

    Emergency Preparedness Plan Horn Point Laboratory March 2015 Introduction This plan summarizes the actions which will be taken in preparation for and in response to emergencies impacting the regular technology security and infrastructure, business functions, and academic and research continuity. Emergencies

  3. Love, Sacrifice, and Honor: Warrior Virtues and the American Soldiers’ Experience of World War II 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williamson, Benjamin K.

    2010-07-14

    ....................................................... 40 Elliot Johnson................................................................................ 42 VI AWARDING VIRTUE: MEDALS OF HONOR AND THE AMERICAN SYSTEM OF MILITARY COMMENDATION................ 45 History of the American system... of morality and virtue. Furthermore, I will investigate the way in which ?warrior virtues? operated?or failed to operate?in the experiences of soldiers in World War II. As stated by James Turner Johnson in his book Morality and Contemporary Warfare, ?The...

  4. Horns Rev Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Impact Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horns Rev Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Impact Assessment of Sea Bottom and Marine Biology #12 Design ApS 01.03.2000 #12;Bio/consult A/S Horns Rev. Offshore Wind Farm Doc. No. 1680-1-02-03-003 rev. 1........................................................................................................................................................... 36 #12;Bio/consult A/S ELSAM Horns Rev. Offshore Wind Farm Doc. No. 1680-1-02-03-003 rev. 1 Page 4

  5. Satellites provide the big picture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Famiglietti, JS; Cazenave, A; Eicker, A; Reager, JT; Rodell, M; Velicogna, I

    2015-01-01

    provide the necessary “big-picture” spatial coverage, asprovide the big picture gether, these measurements will

  6. BIG CPU, BIG DATABIG CPU, BIG DATA Solving the World's Toughest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaminsky, Alan

    BIG CPU, BIG DATABIG CPU, BIG DATA Solving the World's Toughest Computational Problems with Parallel Computing Alan Kaminsky #12;#12;BIG CPU, BIG DATABIG CPU, BIG DATA Solving the World's Toughest College of Computing and Information Sciences Rochester Institute of Technology #12;ii BIG CPU, BIG DATA

  7. Introduction Big Radio Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prodiæ, Aleksandar

    Introduction VLBI Pulsars Summary Big Radio Data Ue-Li Pen CITA, UofT, CIFAR July 3, 2014U. Pen Big Radio Data #12;Introduction VLBI Pulsars Summary Overview History VLBI Processing Future U. Pen Big signal processing U. Pen Big Radio Data #12;Introduction VLBI Pulsars Summary VLBI Current experiments

  8. Numerical simulation of the truss spar 'Horn Mountain' using COUPLE 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theckum Purath, Basil

    2006-08-16

    A truss spar, named as Horn Mountain, was deployed in the Gulf of Mexico in 1,650 m of water, approximately 150 km southeast of New Orleans in June 2002. Horn Mountain is operated by British Petroleum (B.P.). Extensive field measurements were made...

  9. Feasibility study of heavy oil recovery in the Appalachian, Black Warrior, Illinois, and Michigan basins

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olsen, D.K.; Rawn-Schatzinger, V.; Ramzel, E.B.

    1992-07-01

    This report is one of a series of publications assessing the feasibility of increasing domestic heavy oil production. Each report covers select areas of the United States. The Appalachian, Black Warrior, Illinois, and Michigan basins cover most of the depositional basins in the Midwest and Eastern United States. These basins produce sweet, paraffinic light oil and are considered minor heavy oil (10{degrees} to 20{degrees} API gravity or 100 to 100,000 cP viscosity) producers. Heavy oil occurs in both carbonate and sandstone reservoirs of Paleozoic Age along the perimeters of the basins in the same sediments where light oil occurs. The oil is heavy because escape of light ends, water washing of the oil, and biodegradation of the oil have occurred over million of years. The Appalachian, Black Warrior, Illinois, and Michigan basins' heavy oil fields have produced some 450,000 bbl of heavy oil of an estimated 14,000,000 bbl originally in place. The basins have been long-term, major light-oil-producing areas and are served by an extensive pipeline network connected to refineries designed to process light sweet and with few exceptions limited volumes of sour or heavy crude oils. Since the light oil is principally paraffinic, it commands a higher price than the asphaltic heavy crude oils of California. The heavy oil that is refined in the Midwest and Eastern US is imported and refined at select refineries. Imports of crude of all grades accounts for 37 to >95% of the oil refined in these areas. Because of the nature of the resource, the Appalachian, Black Warrior, Illinois and Michigan basins are not expected to become major heavy oil producing areas. The crude oil collection system will continue to degrade as light oil production declines. The demand for crude oil will increase pipeline and tanker transport of imported crude to select large refineries to meet the areas' liquid fuels needs.

  10. Feasibility study of heavy oil recovery in the Appalachian, Black Warrior, Illinois, and Michigan basins

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olsen, D.K.; Rawn-Schatzinger, V.; Ramzel, E.B.

    1992-07-01

    This report is one of a series of publications assessing the feasibility of increasing domestic heavy oil production. Each report covers select areas of the United States. The Appalachian, Black Warrior, Illinois, and Michigan basins cover most of the depositional basins in the Midwest and Eastern United States. These basins produce sweet, paraffinic light oil and are considered minor heavy oil (10{degrees} to 20{degrees} API gravity or 100 to 100,000 cP viscosity) producers. Heavy oil occurs in both carbonate and sandstone reservoirs of Paleozoic Age along the perimeters of the basins in the same sediments where light oil occurs. The oil is heavy because escape of light ends, water washing of the oil, and biodegradation of the oil have occurred over million of years. The Appalachian, Black Warrior, Illinois, and Michigan basins` heavy oil fields have produced some 450,000 bbl of heavy oil of an estimated 14,000,000 bbl originally in place. The basins have been long-term, major light-oil-producing areas and are served by an extensive pipeline network connected to refineries designed to process light sweet and with few exceptions limited volumes of sour or heavy crude oils. Since the light oil is principally paraffinic, it commands a higher price than the asphaltic heavy crude oils of California. The heavy oil that is refined in the Midwest and Eastern US is imported and refined at select refineries. Imports of crude of all grades accounts for 37 to >95% of the oil refined in these areas. Because of the nature of the resource, the Appalachian, Black Warrior, Illinois and Michigan basins are not expected to become major heavy oil producing areas. The crude oil collection system will continue to degrade as light oil production declines. The demand for crude oil will increase pipeline and tanker transport of imported crude to select large refineries to meet the areas` liquid fuels needs.

  11. Slim Holes At Black Warrior Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS ReportEurope GmbH Jump to:Idaho-UtahSkyline HighBlack Warrior Area

  12. Cold warriors target arms control (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfate Reducing Bacteria (TechnicalTransmission,TextitSciTechinRequirementsorModelingandCold warriors

  13. Potential for CO2 Sequestration and Enhanced Coalbed Methane Production, Blue Creek Field, NW Black Warrior Basin, Alabama 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Ting

    2011-02-22

    and enhanced coalbed methane production in San Juan and Alberta basins, but reservoir modeling is needed to assess the potential of the Black Warrior basin. Alabama ranks 9th nationally in CO2 emissions from power plants; two electricity generation plants...

  14. Big Sky Carbon Atlas

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    (Acknowledgment to the Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership (BSCSP); see home page at http://www.bigskyco2.org/)

  15. Ultra-wideband horn antenna with abrupt radiator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)

    1998-01-01

    An ultra-wideband horn antenna transmits and receives impulse waveforms for short-range radars and impulse time-of flight systems. The antenna reduces or eliminates various sources of close-in radar clutter, including pulse dispersion and ringing, sidelobe clutter, and feedline coupling into the antenna. Dispersion is minimized with an abrupt launch point radiator element; sidelobe and feedline coupling are minimized by recessing the radiator into a metallic horn. Low frequency cut-off associated with a horn is extended by configuring the radiator drive impedance to approach a short circuit at low frequencies. A tapered feed plate connects at one end to a feedline, and at the other end to a launcher plate which is mounted to an inside wall of the horn. The launcher plate and feed plate join at an abrupt edge which forms the single launch point of the antenna.

  16. Ultra-wideband horn antenna with abrupt radiator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McEwan, T.E.

    1998-05-19

    An ultra-wideband horn antenna transmits and receives impulse waveforms for short-range radars and impulse time-of flight systems. The antenna reduces or eliminates various sources of close-in radar clutter, including pulse dispersion and ringing, sidelobe clutter, and feedline coupling into the antenna. Dispersion is minimized with an abrupt launch point radiator element; sidelobe and feedline coupling are minimized by recessing the radiator into a metallic horn. Low frequency cut-off associated with a horn is extended by configuring the radiator drive impedance to approach a short circuit at low frequencies. A tapered feed plate connects at one end to a feedline, and at the other end to a launcher plate which is mounted to an inside wall of the horn. The launcher plate and feed plate join at an abrupt edge which forms the single launch point of the antenna. 8 figs.

  17. A New Algorithm for Learning Range Restricted Horn Expressions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arias, Marta; Khardon, Roni

    A learning algorithm for the class of range restricted Horn expressions is presented and proved correct. The algorithm works within the framework of learning from entailment, where the goal is to exactly identify some ...

  18. Big Data Begets Big Database Theory University of Washington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suciu, Dan

    Big Data Begets Big Database Theory Dan Suciu University of Washington 1 Motivation Industry analysts describe Big Data in terms of three V's: volume, velocity, variety. The data is too big to process the technical challenges in big data, but we find no inspiration in the three Vs. Volume is surely nothing new

  19. Performing Lena: Race, Representation, and the Postwar Autobiographical Performances of Lena Horne

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Megan E.

    2012-05-31

    of Lena Horne (New York: Stein and Day, 1984); Gail Lumet Buckley, The Hornes: An American Family (New York: Knopf, 1986); and Leslie Palmer, Lena Horne: Entertainer (New York: Chelsea House, 1989). 7 Club. While performing as the lead vocalist..., Horne played the lead in Lew Leslie’s unsuccessful production of Blackbirds of 1939 on Broadway. In 1940, Horne left her husband and children in Pittsburgh as she looked for a job as a vocalist in New York. That year, Horne returned to show business...

  20. Big Eddy-Knight

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    & Reliability Projects Expand Projects Skip navigation links Line Projects Big Eddy-Knight Central Ferry Lower Monumental Grand Coulee Transmission Line Replacement...

  1. Compliance Monitoring of Underwater Blasting for Rock Removal at Warrior Point, Columbia River Channel Improvement Project, 2009/2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlson, Thomas J.; Johnson, Gary E.; Woodley, Christa M.; Skalski, J. R.; Seaburg, Adam

    2011-05-10

    The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Portland District (USACE) conducted the 20-year Columbia River Channel Improvement Project (CRCIP) to deepen the navigation channel between Portland, Oregon, and the Pacific Ocean to allow transit of fully loaded Panamax ships (100 ft wide, 600 to 700 ft long, and draft 45 to 50 ft). In the vicinity of Warrior Point, between river miles (RM) 87 and 88 near St. Helens, Oregon, the USACE conducted underwater blasting and dredging to remove 300,000 yd3 of a basalt rock formation to reach a depth of 44 ft in the Columbia River navigation channel. The purpose of this report is to document methods and results of the compliance monitoring study for the blasting project at Warrior Point in the Columbia River.

  2. Making big data, in theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boellstorff, Tom

    2013-01-01

    3.0 Unported License. Making big data, in theory by Tommethods for analyzing big data originate in mid-twentieth2012. “Critical questions for Big Data: Provocations for a

  3. Big Data Privacy Scenarios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruce, Elizabeth

    2015-10-01

    This paper is the first in a series on privacy in Big Data. As an outgrowth of a series of workshops on the topic, the Big Data Privacy Working Group undertook a study of a series of use scenarios to highlight the challenges ...

  4. Aalborg Universitet Switching studies for the Horns Rev 2 wind farm main cable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bak, Claus Leth

    Aalborg Universitet Switching studies for the Horns Rev 2 wind farm main cable Jensen, Christian studies for the Horns Rev 2 wind farm main cable. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Power from vbn.aau.dk on: juli 04, 2015 #12;Switching studies for the Horns Rev 2 wind farm main cable C

  5. Investigations of migratory birds during operation of Horns rev offshore wind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Investigations of migratory birds during operation of Horns rev offshore wind farm: Preliminary analyses of bird studies conducted during spring 2004 in relation to the offshore wind farm at Horns Rev of the Horns Rev offshore wind farm - preliminary note on the issue of potential habitat loss. Christensen, T

  6. Effects on birds of an offshore wind park at Horns Rev: Environmental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Effects on birds of an offshore wind park at Horns Rev: Environmental impact assessment NERI Report Environmental Research Institute Effects on birds of an offshore wind park at Horns Rev: Environmental impact of an offshore wind park at Horns Rev: Environmental impact assessment Authors: Henning Noer, Thomas Kjær

  7. GEOLOGIC SCREENING CRITERIA FOR SEQUESTRATION OF CO2 IN COAL: QUANTIFYING POTENTIAL OF THE BLACK WARRIOR COALBED METHANE FAIRWAY, ALABAMA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jack C. Pashin; Richard E. Carroll; Richard H. Groshong Jr.; Dorothy E. Raymond; Marcella McIntyre; J. Wayne Payton

    2004-01-01

    Sequestration of CO{sub 2} in coal has potential benefits for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from the highly industrialized Carboniferous coal basins of North America and Europe and for enhancing coalbed methane recovery. Hence, enhanced coalbed methane recovery operations provide a basis for a market-based environmental solution in which the cost of sequestration is offset by the production and sale of natural gas. The Black Warrior foreland basin of west-central Alabama contains the only mature coalbed methane production fairway in eastern North America, and data from this basin provide an excellent basis for quantifying the carbon sequestration potential of coal and for identifying the geologic screening criteria required to select sites for the demonstration and commercialization of carbon sequestration technology. Coalbed methane reservoirs in the upper Pottsville Formation of the Black Warrior basin are extremely heterogeneous, and this heterogeneity must be considered to screen areas for the application of CO{sub 2} sequestration and enhanced coalbed methane recovery technology. Major screening factors include stratigraphy, geologic structure, geothermics, hydrogeology, coal quality, sorption capacity, technology, and infrastructure. Applying the screening model to the Black Warrior basin indicates that geologic structure, water chemistry, and the distribution of coal mines and reserves are the principal determinants of where CO{sub 2} can be sequestered. By comparison, coal thickness, temperature-pressure conditions, and coal quality are the key determinants of sequestration capacity and unswept coalbed methane resources. Results of this investigation indicate that the potential for CO{sub 2} sequestration and enhanced coalbed methane recovery in the Black Warrior basin is substantial and can result in significant reduction of greenhouse gas emissions while increasing natural gas reserves. Coal-fired power plants serving the Black Warrior basin in Alabama emit approximately 31 MMst (2.4 Tcf) of CO{sub 2} annually. The total sequestration capacity of the Black Warrior coalbed methane fairway at 350 psi is about 189 MMst (14.9 Tcf), which is equivalent to 6.1 years of greenhouse gas emissions from the coal-fired power plants. Applying the geologic screening model indicates that significant parts of the coalbed methane fairway are not accessible because of fault zones, coal mines, coal reserves, and formation water with TDS content less than 3,000 mg/L. Excluding these areas leaves a sequestration potential of 60 MMst (4.7 Tcf), which is equivalent to 1.9 years of emissions. Therefore, if about10 percent of the flue gas stream from nearby power plants is dedicated to enhanced coalbed methane recovery, a meaningful reduction of CO{sub 2} emissions can be realized for nearly two decades. If the fresh-water restriction were removed for the purposes of CO{sub 2} sequestration, an additional 10 MMst (0.9 Tcf) of CO{sub 2} could feasibly be sequestered. The amount of unswept coalbed methane in the fairway is estimated to be 1.49 Tcf at a pressure of 50 psi. Applying the screening model results in an accessible unswept gas resource of 0.44 Tcf. Removal of the fresh-water restriction would elevate this number to 0.57 Tcf. If a recovery factor of 80 percent can be realized, then enhanced recovery activities can result in an 18 percent expansion of coalbed methane reserves in the Black Warrior basin.

  8. Clauser-Horne Bell test with imperfect random inputs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao Yuan; Qi Zhao; Xiongfeng Ma

    2015-05-16

    Bell test is one of the most important tools in quantum information science. On the one hand, it enables fundamental test for the physics laws of nature, and on the other hand, it can be also applied in varieties of device independent tasks such as quantum key distribution and random number generation. In practice, loopholes existing in experimental demonstrations of Bell tests may affect the validity of the conclusions. In this work, we focus on the randomness (freewill) loophole and investigate the randomness requirement in a well-known Bell test, the Clauser-Horne test, under various conditions. With partially random inputs, we explicitly bound the Bell value for all local hidden variable models by optimizing the classical strategy. Our result thus puts input randomness requirement on the Clauser-Horne test under varieties of practical scenarios. The employed analysis technique can be generalized to other Bell's inequalities.

  9. Big Questions: Missing Antimatter

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Lincoln, Don

    2014-08-07

    Einstein's equation E = mc2 is often said to mean that energy can be converted into matter. More accurately, energy can be converted to matter and antimatter. During the first moments of the Big Bang, the universe was smaller, hotter and energy was everywhere. As the universe expanded and cooled, the energy converted into matter and antimatter. According to our best understanding, these two substances should have been created in equal quantities. However when we look out into the cosmos we see only matter and no antimatter. The absence of antimatter is one of the Big Mysteries of modern physics. In this video, Fermilab's Dr. Don Lincoln explains the problem, although doesn't answer it. The answer, as in all Big Mysteries, is still unknown and one of the leading research topics of contemporary science.

  10. Rutgers Workshop on Big Data: Theoretical Foundation of Big Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jornsten, Rebecka

    Rutgers Workshop on Big Data: Theoretical Foundation of Big Data Department of Statistics:05pm: Welcome and Introduction of Big Data Research at Rutgers Regina Liu, Chair, Department, Carnegie Mellon University "On Data Parallelism and Model Parallelism for Large Scale Machine Learning" 4

  11. Big data and the future of ecology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    N. 2010. Big science and big data in biology: from theCONCEPTS AND QUESTIONS Big data and the future of ecologyof the information age and “big data” across all sectors of

  12. Big Bang Nucleosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keith A. Olive

    1997-12-11

    The concordance of standard big bang nucleosynthesis theory and the related observations of the light element isotopes (including some new higher \\he4 abundances) will be reviewed. Implications of BBN on chemical evolution, dark matter and constraints on particle properties will be discussed.

  13. Semantic Interoperability for Big Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baclawski, Kenneth B.

    Semantic Interoperability for Big Data Ken Baclawski College of Computer and Information Science Northeastern University #12;August 11, 2014 2 Emergence of Big Data The phenomenon was studied in the early based on the information scarcity model. #12;August 11, 2014 3 Characteristics of Big Data Large

  14. MICROSOFT PRESENTS FROM BIG DATA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Surajit

    1 MICROSOFT PRESENTS FROM BIG DATA TO SMART DATA: Using data to drive personalized brand January 22, 2014 ABSTRACT This white paper looks at Big Data from the marketing perspective, running DO WITH IT NEARLY EVERYONE IN MARKETING TODAY SHOULD BE FAMILIAR WITH THE CONCEPT OF BIG DATA

  15. Water Management Strategies for Improved Coalbed Methane Production in the Black Warrior Basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pashin, Jack; McIntyre-Redden, Marcella; Mann, Steven; Merkel, David

    2013-10-31

    The modern coalbed methane industry was born in the Black Warrior Basin of Alabama and has to date produced more than 2.6 trillion cubic feet of gas and 1.6 billion barrels of water. The coalbed gas industry in this area is dependent on instream disposal of co-produced water, which ranges from nearly potable sodium-bicarbonate water to hypersaline sodium-chloride water. This study employed diverse analytical methods to characterize water chemistry in light of the regional geologic framework and to evaluate the full range of water management options for the Black Warrior coalbed methane industry. Results reveal strong interrelationships among regional geology, water chemistry, and gas chemistry. Coalbed methane is produced from multiple coal seams in Pennsylvanian-age strata of the Pottsville Coal Interval, in which water chemistry is influenced by a structurally controlled meteoric recharge area along the southeastern margin of the basin. The most important constituents of concern in the produced water include chlorides, ammonia compounds, and organic substances. Regional mapping and statistical analysis indicate that the concentrations of most ionic compounds, metallic substances, and nonmetallic substances correlate with total dissolved solids and chlorides. Gas is effectively produced at pipeline quality, and the only significant impurity is N{sub 2}. Geochemical analysis indicates that the gas is of mixed thermogenic-biogenic origin. Stable isotopic analysis of produced gas and calcite vein fills indicates that widespread late-stage microbial methanogenesis occurred primarily along a CO{sub 2} reduction metabolic pathway. Organic compounds in the produced water appear to have helped sustain microbial communities. Ammonia and ammonium levels increase with total dissolved solids content and appear to have played a role in late-stage microbial methanogenesis and the generation of N{sub 2}. Gas production tends to decline exponentially, whereas water production tends to decline hyperbolically. Hyperbolic decline indicates that water volume is of greatest concern early in the life of a coalbed methane project. Regional mapping indicates that gas production is controlled primarily by the ability to depressurize permeable coal seams that are natively within the steep part of the adsorption isotherm. Water production is greatest within the freshwater intrusion and below thick Cretaceous cover strata and is least in areas of underpressure. Water management strategies include instream disposal, which can be applied effectively in most parts of the basin. Deep disposal may be applicable locally, particularly where high salinity limits the ability to dispose into streams. Artificial wetlands show promise for the management of saline water, especially where the reservoir yield is limited. Beneficial use options include municipal water supply, agricultural use, and industrial use. The water may be of use to an inland shrimp farming industry, which is active around the southwestern coalbed methane fields. The best opportunities for beneficial use are reuse of water by the coalbed methane industry for drilling and hydraulic fracturing. This research has further highlighted opportunities for additional research on treatment efficiency, the origin of nitrogen compounds, organic geochemistry, biogenic gas generation, flow modeling, and computer simulation. Results of this study are being disseminated through a vigorous technology transfer program that includes web resources, numerous presentations to stakeholders, and a variety of technical publications.

  16. State-Estimators for Chemical Reaction Networks of Feinberg-Horn-Jackson Zero De ciency Type

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaves, Madalena

    State-Estimators for Chemical Reaction Networks of Feinberg-Horn-Jackson Zero De#12;ciency Type #3 for detectability for chemical reaction networks of the Feinberg-Horn-Jackson zero de#12;ciency type. Under. Keywords: observers, chemical reaction systems, detectability 1 Introduction One of the most interesting

  17. APPALACHIAN LABORATORY CHESAPEAKE BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY HORN POINT LABORATORY AN INSTITUTION OF THE UNIVERSITY SYSTEM OF MARYLAND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boynton, Walter R.

    APPALACHIAN LABORATORY CHESAPEAKE BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY HORN POINT LABORATORY AN INSTITUTION. of Budget and Management Please fax this form to: 410-333-7122 UMCES Agency #12;APPALACHIAN LABORATORY CHESAPEAKE BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY HORN POINT LABORATORY AN INSTITUTION OF THE UNIVERSITY SYSTEM OF MARYLAND

  18. Clauser-Horne/Eberhard inequality violation by a local model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donald A. Graft

    2015-08-10

    The Clauser-Horne/Eberhard inequality has taken center stage in tests of locality thanks to its immunity to the detection loophole. I describe a local model that violates the inequality using a plausible mechanism relying upon a parameter of the apparatus, the emission rate. The effect is generated through the analysis of time-tagged data using a standard windowed coincidence method; however, the detection times are not functions of the measurement settings. The analysis does not introduce the nonlocal behavior typical of previous coincidence window models. This finding has implications for the design and interpretation of experiments, as it shows that the coincidence window loophole cannot be eliminated by a demonstration of independence of the detection times and settings. The paper describes a reliable coincidence counting method and shows that it delivers an accurate count of true coincidences. Recent experimental tests of local realism based on the Clauser-Horne/Eberhard inequality are considered and it is shown that in one case (Christensen et al.) the emission rate is appropriately limited to ensure valid counting, and the data confirms local realism; in a second case (Giustina et al.) the experiment fails to appropriately limit the emission rate, and the claimed violation can be accounted for locally.

  19. Amphibia-Reptilia 34 (2013): 363-387 Additions to the lizard diversity of the Horn of Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    Amphibia-Reptilia 34 (2013): 363-387 Additions to the lizard diversity of the Horn of Africa: Two Böhme2 Abstract. The Horn of Africa is a center of diversity for African agamid lizards. Among the nine species of Agama occurring in the Horn of Africa, Agama spinosa is the most widely distributed. The A

  20. Small Particles, Big Impact

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation ofAlbuquerque|Sensitive Species3performed StevenSmall Particles, Big Impact

  1. Escaping the Big Rip?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mariam Bouhmadi-Lopez; Jose A. Jimenez Madrid

    2004-04-27

    We discuss dark energy models which might describe effectively the actual acceleration of the universe. More precisely, for a 4-dimensional Friedmann-Lema\\^{\\i}tre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) universe we consider two situations: First of them, we model dark energy by phantom energy described by a perfect fluid satisfying the equation of state $P=(\\beta-1)\\rho$ (with $\\beta<0$ and constant). In this case the universe reaches a ``Big Rip'' independently of the spatial geometry of the FLRW universe. In the second situation, the dark energy is described by a phantom (generalized) Chaplygin gas which violates the dominant energy condition. Contrary to the previous case, for this material content a FLRW universe would never reach a ``big rip'' singularity (indeed, the geometry is asymptotically de Sitter). We also show how this dark energy model can be described in terms of scalar fields, corresponding to a minimally coupled scalar field, a Born-Infeld scalar field and a generalized Born-Infeld scalar field. Finally, we introduce a phenomenologically viable model where dark energy is described by a phantom generalized Chaplygin gas.

  2. Debunking Six Big Myths about Nuclear Weapons

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Debunking Six Big Myths about Nuclear Weapons National Security Science Latest Issue:December 2014 All Issues submit Debunking six big myths about nuclear weapons Are nuclear...

  3. Development and operational experience of magnetic horn system for T2K experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sekiguchi, T; Fujii, Y; Hagiwara, M; Hasegawa, T; Hayashi, K; Ishida, T; Ishii, T; Kobayashi, H; Kobayashi, T; Koike, S; Koseki, K; Maruyama, T; Matsumoto, H; Nakadaira, T; Nakamura, K; Nakayoshi, K; Nishikawa, K; Oyama, Y; Sakashita, K; Shibata, M; Suzuki, Y; Tada, M; Takahashi, K; Tsukamoto, T; Yamada, Y; Yamanoi, Y; Yamaoka, H; Ichikawa, A K; Kubo, H; Butcher, Z; Coleman, S; Missert, A; Spitz, J; Zimmerman, E D; Tzanov, M; Bartoszek, L

    2015-01-01

    A magnetic horn system to be operated at a pulsed current of 320 kA and to survive high-power proton beam operation at 750 kW was developed for the T2K experiment. The first set of T2K magnetic horns was operated for over 12 million pulses during the four years of operation from 2010 to 2013, under a maximum beam power of 230 kW, and $6.63\\times10^{20}$ protons were exposed to the production target. No significant damage was observed throughout this period. This successful operation of the T2K magnetic horns led to the discovery of the $\

  4. Development and operational experience of magnetic horn system for T2K experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Sekiguchi; K. Bessho; Y. Fujii; M. Hagiwara; T. Hasegawa; K. Hayashi; T. Ishida; T. Ishii; H. Kobayashi; T. Kobayashi; S. Koike; K. Koseki; T. Maruyama; H. Matsumoto; T. Nakadaira; K. Nakamura; K. Nakayoshi; K. Nishikawa; Y. Oyama; K. Sakashita; M. Shibata; Y. Suzuki; M. Tada; K. Takahashi; T. Tsukamoto; Y. Yamada; Y. Yamanoi; H. Yamaoka; A. K. Ichikawa; H. Kubo; Z. Butcher; S. Coleman; A. Missert; J. Spitz; E. D. Zimmerman; M. Tzanov; L. Bartoszek

    2015-02-05

    A magnetic horn system to be operated at a pulsed current of 320 kA and to survive high-power proton beam operation at 750 kW was developed for the T2K experiment. The first set of T2K magnetic horns was operated for over 12 million pulses during the four years of operation from 2010 to 2013, under a maximum beam power of 230 kW, and $6.63\\times10^{20}$ protons were exposed to the production target. No significant damage was observed throughout this period. This successful operation of the T2K magnetic horns led to the discovery of the $\

  5. Big Iron for Big Data: An Unnatural Alliance?

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O OLaura| National2.11DESERTWaterSharingBeyondBang or BigBigBig

  6. BIG DATA IMPLEMENTATION COMMITTEE Submitted to Provost Hexter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ullrich, Paul

    BIG DATA IMPLEMENTATION COMMITTEE REPORT Submitted to Provost Hexter February 22, 2013 #12..................................................................................................................................... 5 1. Big Data, Big Challenges, Big Opportunities ......................................................................................... 5 2. UC Davis and Big Data: State of the Art and Current Needs

  7. Population genetics of the pecan weevil, Curculio caryae Horn (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), inferred from mitochondrial nucleotide data 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mynhardt, Glene

    2006-10-30

    The pecan weevil, Curculio caryae Horn, is an obligate nut feeder of all North American hickory (Carya) and a key pest of the pecan, C. illinoinensis Koch. This study investigated population structure of the pecan weevil. ...

  8. Waterfront developments in the Middle East case study : the Golden Horn Project, Istanbul, Turkey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alamuddin, Hana S. (Hana Slieman)

    1987-01-01

    This thesis examines waterfront developments in the Middle East . It concentrates on the Golden Horn project in Istanbul as it raises a number of issues that are central to any such development in that region. In order for ...

  9. HIGH ENERGY PULSED POWER SYSTEM FOR AGS SUPER NEUTRINO FOCUSING HORN.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ZHANG, S.Y.; SANDBERG, J.; WENG, W.-T.

    2005-05-16

    This paper present a preliminary design of a 300 kA, 2.5 Hz pulsed power system. This system will drive the focusing horn of proposed Brookhaven AGS Neutrino Super Beam Facility for Very Long Baseline Neutrino Oscillation Experiment. The peak output power of the horn pulsed power system will reach Giga-watts, and the upgraded AGS will be capable of delivering 1 MW in beam power.

  10. The Paleoindian skeletal material from Horn Shelter, Number 2, in central Texas: an analysis and perspective 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, Diane Elizabeth

    1986-01-01

    individuals to I) more recent Texas aboriginal populations and 2) a temporal sample comprised of the other generally accepted Paleoindian skeletons in North America . In the regional comparison, the question asked is simply, are the Horn individuals... in order to establish a biological framework within which to interpret Pal eoi ndi an skeletal material . Finally, Chapter VII compares the Horn Shelter individuals to I) more recent Texas aboriginal populations and 2) a temporal sample comprised...

  11. Physics: the big black box Mirror conjecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cavalieri, Renzo

    Physics: the big black box Math Mirror conjecture A look into the mirror (I) an overview of Mirror Symmetry #12;Physics: the big black box Math Mirror conjecture Outline 1 Physics: the big black box 2 Math Symmetry #12;Physics: the big black box Math Mirror conjecture A slogan Mirror Symmetry is a correspondence

  12. Big Data Analytics in Financial Statement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;Demographic and Weather Big Data · OfficeMax personalizes online landing pages based on customerBig Data Analytics in Financial Statement Audits Min Cao Roman Chychyla Trevor Stewart February 26th, 2015 #12;Big Data Analytics · Big Data analytics is the process of inspecting, cleaning

  13. The big picture Victoria University of Wellington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visser, Matt

    Outline Abstract Basics The big picture Victoria University of Wellington Te Whare W¯ananga o te Overview of modern cosmology #12;Outline Abstract Basics The big picture Outline: Abstract Basics The big picture Matt Visser Overview of modern cosmology #12;Outline Abstract Basics The big picture Abstract: VUW

  14. Big Sky Trust Fund (Montana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Big Sky Trust Fund reimburses expenses incurred in the purchase, leasing, or relocation of real assets for direct use of the assisted business or employee training costs. A local or tribal...

  15. Making big data, in theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boellstorff, Tom

    2013-01-01

    for this work. Notes 1. Curran, 2012, pp. 34, 60. 2. Peng etin-big-data/, accessed 5 July 2013. James Curran, 2012. “Internet history,” In: James Curran, Natalie Fenton, and Des

  16. Big Bang Nucleosynthesis: 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cyburt, Richard H; Olive, Keith A; Yeh, Tsung-Han

    2015-01-01

    Big-bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) describes the production of the lightest nuclides via a dynamic interplay among the four fundamental forces during the first seconds of cosmic time. We briefly overview the essentials of this physics, and present new calculations of light element abundances through li6 and li7, with updated nuclear reactions and uncertainties including those in the neutron lifetime. We provide fits to these results as a function of baryon density and of the number of neutrino flavors, N_nu. We review recent developments in BBN, particularly new, precision Planck cosmic microwave background (CMB) measurements that now probe the baryon density, helium content, and the effective number of degrees of freedom, n_eff. These measurements allow for a tight test of BBN and of cosmology using CMB data alone. Our likelihood analysis convolves the 2015 Planck data chains with our BBN output and observational data. Adding astronomical measurements of light elements strengthens the power of BBN. We include a ...

  17. A Big Data Approach to Analyzing Market Volatility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Kesheng

    2014-01-01

    A Big Data Approach to Analyzing Market Volatility KeshengUniversity of California. A Big Data Approach to Analyzingefforts to handle the big data problem. However, the

  18. Big data : evolution, components, challenges and opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zarate Santovena, Alejandro

    2013-01-01

    This work reviews the evolution and current state of the "Big Data" industry, and to understand the key components, challenges and opportunities of Big Data and analytics face in today business environment, this is analyzed ...

  19. THE BIG PICTURE: A "FISHERY SYSTEM APPROACH"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charles, Anthony

    THE BIG PICTURE: A "FISHERY SYSTEM APPROACH" LINKS FISHERY MANAGEMENT AND BIODIVERSITY Anthony economy and coastal communities. Accordingly, there is a need to move toward a "big picture" perspective

  20. How to Lie with Big Data (and/or big computations)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stark, Philip B.

    How to Lie with Big Data (and/or big computations) Philip B. Stark Department of Statistics experimental design doesn't matter #12;What's new in Big Data? · design still matters; experiments versus flu trends http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/03/28/ google-flu-trends-the-limits-of-big-data/ #12

  1. Adsorption Kinetics of CO2, CH4, and their Equimolar Mixture on Coal from the Black Warrior Basin, West-Central Alabama

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gruszkiewicz, Miroslaw {Mirek} S [ORNL; Naney, Michael {Mike} T [ORNL; Blencoe, James {Jim} G [ORNL; Cole, David R [ORNL; Pashin, Jack C. [Geological Survey of Alabama; Carroll, Richard E. [Geological Survey of Alabama

    2009-01-01

    Laboratory experiments were conducted to investigate the adsorption kinetic behavior of pure and mixed gases (CO2, CH4, approximately equimolar CO2 + CH4 mixtures, and He) on a coal sample obtained from the Black Warrior Basin at the Littleton Mine (Twin Pine Coal Company), Jefferson County, west-central Alabama. The sample was from the Mary Lee coal zone of the Pottsville Formation (Lower Pennsylvanian). Experiments with three size fractions (45-150 m, 1-2 mm, and 5-10 mm) of crushed coal were performed at 40 C and 35 C over a pressure range of 1.4 6.9 MPa to simulate coalbed methane reservoir conditions in the Black Warrior Basin and provide data relevant for enhanced coalbed methane recovery operations. The following key observations were made: (1) CO2 adsorption on both dry and water-saturated coal is much more rapid than CH4 adsorption; (2) water saturation decreases the rates of CO2 and CH4 adsorption on coal surfaces, but it appears to have minimal effects on the final magnitude of CO2 or CH4 adsorption if the coal is not previously exposed to CO2; (3) retention of adsorbed CO2 on coal surfaces is significant even with extreme pressure cycling; and (4) adsorption is significantly faster for the 45-150 m size fraction compared to the two coarser fractions.

  2. Big Things from Small Beginnings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Slide Presentation given by D. Bullen on behalf of Peter S. Winokur, Ph.D., Chairman Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board; prepared by D. Bullen, D. Owen, J. MacSleyne, and D. Minnema. Big Things from Small Beginnings. How seemingly unimportant situations can lead to significant, undesirable events.

  3. Big Explosives Experimental Facility - BEEF

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2015-01-07

    The Big Explosives Experimental Facility or BEEF is a ten acre fenced high explosive testing facility that provides data to support stockpile stewardship and other national security programs. At BEEF conventional high explosives experiments are safely conducted providing sophisticated diagnostics such as high speed optics and x-ray radiography.

  4. Neutrinos and Big Bang Nucleosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. D. Dolgov

    2002-03-18

    The role of neutrinos in big bang nucleosynthesis is discussed. The bounds on the number of neutrino families, neutrino degeneracy, parameters of neutrino oscillations are presented. A model of chemically inhomogeneous, while energetically smooth, universe created by inhomogeneous cosmological neutrino asymmetry is described. Nucleosynthesis limits on production of right-handed neutrinos are considered.

  5. Big Explosives Experimental Facility - BEEF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2014-10-31

    The Big Explosives Experimental Facility or BEEF is a ten acre fenced high explosive testing facility that provides data to support stockpile stewardship and other national security programs. At BEEF conventional high explosives experiments are safely conducted providing sophisticated diagnostics such as high speed optics and x-ray radiography.

  6. Big Data in Technology Services Mathew Benwell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balasuriya, Sanjeeva

    Big Data in Technology Services #12;Presenter Mathew Benwell Security Specialist Click here to watch online video University of Adelaide 2 #12;What is Big Data ­ 3 V's University of Adelaide 3 #12;Our Big Data Platform ­ Splunk> · The most asked question! Where did the name Splunk come from

  7. Rolling the Dice on Big Data Department of Mathematics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ipsen, Ilse

    Rolling the Dice on Big Data Ilse Ipsen Department of Mathematics #12;The Economist, 27 February on Big Data What is "Big"? #12;Measuring Units 1 byte 1 character 10 bytes 1 word 100 bytes 1 sentence #12;Rolling the Dice on Big Data Data #12;Rolling the Dice on Big Data #12;Rolling the Dice on Big

  8. Big Bang Day : The Great Big Particle Adventure - 3. Origins

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25

    In this series, comedian and physicist Ben Miller asks the CERN scientists what they hope to find. If the LHC is successful, it will explain the nature of the Universe around us in terms of a few simple ingredients and a few simple rules. But the Universe now was forged in a Big Bang where conditions were very different, and the rules were very different, and those early moments were crucial to determining how things turned out later. At the LHC they can recreate conditions as they were billionths of a second after the Big Bang, before atoms and nuclei existed. They can find out why matter and antimatter didn't mutually annihilate each other to leave behind a Universe of pure, brilliant light. And they can look into the very structure of space and time - the fabric of the Universe

  9. SOUTHWESTERNENTOMOLOGIST JUN.1999 THE DIFFERENCESBETWEEN HORN FLY' DENSITIES ON CATTLE PASTURED IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaufman, Phillip E.

    SOUTHWESTERNENTOMOLOGIST JUN.1999 THE DIFFERENCESBETWEEN HORN FLY' DENSITIES ON CATTLE PASTURED, 1800and 2400 m) over two years using fly counts on cattle. In 1995, cattle at the 800 m elevation had the highest density of flies. In 1996,the greatest density of flies occurred on cattle at the 1800m elevation

  10. CONCEPT DESIGN OF THE TARGET/HORN SYSTEM FOR THE BNL NEUTRINO OSCILLATION EXPERIMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    for heat removal, special surface treatments in the form of nano-structured films are being explored. 2 and energy deposited due to beam/target interaction, the integration of the two systems, and the heat removal, vibration and heat. The paper addresses these issues of horn mechanical response, heat removal scenario

  11. From Data Fusion to Knowledge Fusion Xin Luna Dong, Evgeniy Gabrilovich, Geremy Heitz, Wiko Horn,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Kevin Patrick

    From Data Fusion to Knowledge Fusion Xin Luna Dong, Evgeniy Gabrilovich, Geremy Heitz, Wiko Horn|gabr|geremy|wilko|kpmurphy|sunsh|weizh}@google.com ABSTRACT The task of data fusion is to identify the true values of data items (e.g., the true date of birth (and unknown) reliabil- ity. A recent survey [20] has provided a detailed comparison of various fusion

  12. Enrofloxacin and amikacin pharmacokinetics in Scimitar-horned oryx (Oryx dammah) following a single intravenous dose 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gamble, Kathryn Christine

    1995-01-01

    Single dose pharmacokinetics of amikacin and enrofloxacin in adult Scimitar-horned oryx (Oryx dammah) were determined. The (mean) intravenous doses were 5.8mg/kg for amikacin and 1.3mg/kg for enrofloxacin, derived from metabolic energy scaling...

  13. Monolithic Source of Photon Pairs Rolf Horn,1,* Payam Abolghasem,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monolithic Source of Photon Pairs Rolf Horn,1,* Payam Abolghasem,2 Bhavin J. Bijlani,2 Dongpeng and Astronomy, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue W, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3G1, Canada 2 The Edward S. Rogers Sr. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Toronto, 10 King

  14. Traffic information computing platform for big data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duan, Zongtao Li, Ying Zheng, Xibin Liu, Yan Dai, Jiting Kang, Jun

    2014-10-06

    Big data environment create data conditions for improving the quality of traffic information service. The target of this article is to construct a traffic information computing platform for big data environment. Through in-depth analysis the connotation and technology characteristics of big data and traffic information service, a distributed traffic atomic information computing platform architecture is proposed. Under the big data environment, this type of traffic atomic information computing architecture helps to guarantee the traffic safety and efficient operation, more intelligent and personalized traffic information service can be used for the traffic information users.

  15. A different Big Bang theory: Los Alamos

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    different Big Bang theory: Los Alamos unveils explosives detection expertise February 19, 2015 Collaboration project defeats explosives threats through enhanced detection...

  16. 3/12/2015 1 Big Data in Accounting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    3/12/2015 1 Big Data in Accounting: An Overview #12;2 The Meaning of Big Data · Differs across of Storage · Processing #12;3 Accounting and Big Data · Big Data has the potential to cause a paradigm shift the current structured data stores of ERPs. #12;Non-traditional Big Data · Addition of new types of data

  17. Big Efficieny for Small Manufacturing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trombley, D.

    2014-01-01

    stream_source_info ESL-IE-14-05-10.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 6203 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name ESL-IE-14-05-10.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 Big Efficiency for Small... and corporate memberships • Research and technical assistance • Data on real world experiences, best practices • Policies advancing market transformation/market development • Education and Advocacy • Conferences, publications • National, state and local ESL...

  18. Big bang nucleosynthesis: An update

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olive, Keith A. [William I. Fine Theoretical Physics Institute, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States)] [William I. Fine Theoretical Physics Institute, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States)

    2013-07-23

    An update on the standard model of big bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) is presented. With the value of the baryon-tophoton ratio determined to high precision by WMAP, standard BBN is a parameter-free theory. In this context, the theoretical prediction for the abundances of D, {sup 4}He, and {sup 7}Li is discussed and compared to their observational determination. While concordance for D and {sup 4}He is satisfactory, the prediction for {sup 7}Li exceeds the observational determination by a factor of about four. Possible solutions to this problem are discussed.

  19. Big Data Hits the Beamline

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits & InspectionsBeryllium and ChronicBestBeyond theBid-ListBig Data

  20. Big Sol - Facilities - Cyclotron Institute

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits & InspectionsBeryllium and ChronicBestBeyond theBid-ListBig

  1. Yushu Yao Big Data @ NERSC

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorkingLos Alamos verifies largest single|YejunOpportunityYue Lu Yue LuYao Big

  2. Big Data Big Talent The Master's in Business Analytics program starting Spring 2015 is designed to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Haiying

    Business Analytics Big Data Big Talent The Master's in Business Analytics program starting Spring Intelligence Web and Social Analytics Big Data Analytics Python for Data Analytics Forecasting Applied 2015 is designed to create an empowered workforce that understands how data - regardless of size

  3. Report on the Night of the Big Wind The Big Wind of 1839 was

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Report on the Night of the Big Wind The Big Wind of 1839 was Ireland's worst natural disaster. It brought hurricane force winds very rare in such a temperate climate during the night of 6th - 7th January a coincidence. The day before the `Night of the Big Wind' was Little Christmas, the day when the date Christmas

  4. Noncommuting local common causes for correlations violating the Clauser-Horne inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gábor Hofer-Szabó; Péter Vecsernyés

    2012-01-27

    In the paper the EPR-Bohm scenario will be reproduced in an algebraic quantum field theoretical setting with locally finite degrees of freedom. It will be shown that for a set of spatially separated correlating events (projections) maximally violating the Clauser-Horne inequality there can be given a common causal explanation if commutativity is abandoned between the common cause and the correlating events. Moreover, the noncommuting common cause will be local and supported in the common past of the correlating events.

  5. Tools for Extracting Actionable Medical Knowledge from Genomic Big Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldstein, Theodore Charles

    2013-01-01

    KNOWLEDGE FROM GENOMIC BIG DATA A dissertation submitted inKNOWLEDGE FROM GENOMIC BIG DATA By Theodore C. Goldsteinby the quantities of big data from these assays and cannot

  6. Reliability Meets Big Data: Opportunities and Challenges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCalley, James D.

    Reliability Meets Big Data: Opportunities and Challenges William Q. Meeker Department of Statistics maintenance operations. 1.2 Examples of systems providing big data Some examples of particular systems 1, 2013 Abstract Reliability field data such as that obtained from warranty claims and maintenance

  7. GREEN IT STRATEGY WHITE PAPER BIG DATA.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chou, James

    GREEN IT STRATEGY WHITE PAPER BIG DATA. BIG ENERGY. #12;GREEN:ons in MassachuseUs. In one day, Odyssey's cloud compu:ng power can process the same amount of 250 more kilowaUs annually. HARVARD'S GREEN IT COMMITMENT Achieve University

  8. The big picture Victoria University of Wellington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visser, Matt

    Abstract Basics The big picture Victoria University of Wellington Te Whare W¯ananga o te ¯Upoko o picture Abstract: VUW Modern cosmology is an interesting mixture -- some aspects of cosmology are now... #12;Abstract Basics The big picture Basics: Some parts of cosmology are rock solid: Yes, the universe

  9. Quark mass variation constraints from Big Bang nucleosynthesis...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Quark mass variation constraints from Big Bang nucleosynthesis Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Quark mass variation constraints from Big Bang nucleosynthesis We study...

  10. Big Mysteries: The Higgs Mass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lincoln, Don

    2014-04-28

    With the discovery of what looks to be the Higgs boson, LHC researchers are turning their attention to the next big question, which is the predicted mass of the newly discovered particles. When the effects of quantum mechanics is taken into account, the mass of the Higgs boson should be incredibly high...perhaps upwards of a quadrillion times higher than what was observed. In this video, Fermilab's Dr. Don Lincoln explains how it is that the theory predicts that the mass is so large and gives at least one possible theoretical idea that might solve the problem. Whether the proposed idea is the answer or not, this question must be answered by experiments at the LHC or today's entire theoretical paradigm could be in jeopardy.

  11. Big Mysteries: The Higgs Mass

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Lincoln, Don

    2014-06-03

    With the discovery of what looks to be the Higgs boson, LHC researchers are turning their attention to the next big question, which is the predicted mass of the newly discovered particles. When the effects of quantum mechanics is taken into account, the mass of the Higgs boson should be incredibly high...perhaps upwards of a quadrillion times higher than what was observed. In this video, Fermilab's Dr. Don Lincoln explains how it is that the theory predicts that the mass is so large and gives at least one possible theoretical idea that might solve the problem. Whether the proposed idea is the answer or not, this question must be answered by experiments at the LHC or today's entire theoretical paradigm could be in jeopardy.

  12. Our Indian Warriors 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-03-05

    TRANSCRIPTION; MESSAGE: Thank you so much for your L. L. dearest I came Home this morning Sunday I expect your P C will arrive in the morning I will do whatever is arrange Love [illegible]; SENT TO: Miss L. Richards; Coopersale Hall; Epping; Essex...

  13. Carbon smackdown: wind warriors

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Glen Dahlbacka of the Accelerator & Fusion Research Division and Ryan Wiser of the Environmental Energy Technologies Division are the speakers.

    2010-09-01

    July 16. 2010 carbon smackdown summer lecture: learn how Berkeley Lab scientists are developing wind turbines to be used in an urban setting, as well as analyzing what it will take to increase the adoption of wind energy in the U.S.

  14. BIG SKY CARBON SEQUESTRATION PARTNERSHIP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Susan M. Capalbo

    2004-01-04

    The Big Sky Partnership, led by Montana State University, is comprised of research institutions, public entities and private sectors organizations, and the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes and the Nez Perce Tribe. Efforts during the first performance period fall into four areas: evaluation of sources and carbon sequestration sinks; development of GIS-based reporting framework; designing an integrated suite of monitoring, measuring, and verification technologies; and initiating a comprehensive education and outreach program. At the first Partnership meeting the groundwork was put in place to provide an assessment of capture and storage capabilities for CO{sub 2} utilizing the resources found in the Partnership region (both geological and terrestrial sinks), that would complement the ongoing DOE research. The region has a diverse array of geological formations that could provide storage options for carbon in one or more of its three states. Likewise, initial estimates of terrestrial sinks indicate a vast potential for increasing and maintaining soil C on forested, agricultural, and reclaimed lands. Both options include the potential for offsetting economic benefits to industry and society. Complementary to the efforts on evaluation of sources and sinks is the development of the Big Sky Partnership Carbon Cyberinfrastructure (BSP-CC) and a GIS Road Map for the Partnership. These efforts will put in place a map-based integrated information management system for our Partnership, with transferability to the national carbon sequestration effort. The Partnership recognizes the critical importance of measurement, monitoring, and verification technologies to support not only carbon trading but other policies and programs that DOE and other agencies may want to pursue in support of GHG mitigation. The efforts begun in developing and implementing MMV technologies for geological sequestration reflect this concern. Research is also underway to identify and validate best management practices for soil C in the partnership region, and to design a risk/cost effectiveness framework to make comparative assessments of each viable sink, taking into account economic costs, offsetting benefits, scale of sequestration opportunities, spatial and time dimensions, environmental risks, and long term viability. A series of meetings held in November and December, 2003, have laid the foundations for assessing the issues surrounding the implementation of a market-based setting for soil C credits. These include the impact of existing local, state, and federal permitting issues for terrestrial based carbon sequestration projects, consistency of final protocols and planning standards with national requirements, and alignments of carbon sequestration projects with existing federal and state cost-share programs. Finally, the education and outreach efforts during this performance period have resulted in a comprehensive plan which serves as a guide for implementing the outreach activities under Phase I. The primary goal of this plan is to increase awareness, understanding, and public acceptance of sequestration efforts and build support for a constituent based network which includes the initial Big Sky Partnership and other local and regional businesses and entities.

  15. BIG SKY CARBON SEQUESTRATION PARTNERSHIP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Susan M. Capalbo

    2004-06-01

    The Big Sky Partnership, led by Montana State University, is comprised of research institutions, public entities and private sectors organizations, and the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes and the Nez Perce Tribe. Efforts during the second performance period fall into four areas: evaluation of sources and carbon sequestration sinks; development of GIS-based reporting framework; designing an integrated suite of monitoring, measuring, and verification technologies; and initiating a comprehensive education and outreach program. At the first two Partnership meetings the groundwork was put in place to provide an assessment of capture and storage capabilities for CO{sub 2} utilizing the resources found in the Partnership region (both geological and terrestrial sinks), that would complement the ongoing DOE research. The region has a diverse array of geological formations that could provide storage options for carbon in one or more of its three states. Likewise, initial estimates of terrestrial sinks indicate a vast potential for increasing and maintaining soil C on forested, agricultural, and reclaimed lands. Both options include the potential for offsetting economic benefits to industry and society. Steps have been taken to assure that the GIS-based framework is consistent among types of sinks within the Big Sky Partnership area and with the efforts of other western DOE partnerships. Efforts are also being made to find funding to include Wyoming in the coverage areas for both geological and terrestrial sinks and sources. The Partnership recognizes the critical importance of measurement, monitoring, and verification technologies to support not only carbon trading but all policies and programs that DOE and other agencies may want to pursue in support of GHG mitigation. The efforts begun in developing and implementing MMV technologies for geological sequestration reflect this concern. Research is also underway to identify and validate best management practices for soil C in the partnership region, and to design a risk/cost effectiveness framework to make comparative assessments of each viable sink, taking into account economic costs, offsetting benefits, scale of sequestration opportunities, spatial and time dimensions, environmental risks, and long term viability. Scientifically sound information on MMV is critical for public acceptance of these technologies. Two key deliverables were completed this quarter--a literature review/database to assess the soil carbon on rangelands, and the draft protocols, contracting options for soil carbon trading. To date, there has been little research on soil carbon on rangelands, and since rangeland constitutes a major land use in the Big Sky region, this is important in achieving a better understanding of terrestrial sinks. The protocols developed for soil carbon trading are unique and provide a key component of the mechanisms that might be used to efficiently sequester GHG and reduce CO{sub 2} concentrations. Progress on other deliverables is noted in the PowerPoint presentations. A series of meetings held during the second quarter have laid the foundations for assessing the issues surrounding the implementation of a market-based setting for soil C credits. These meetings provide a connection to stakeholders in the region and a basis on which to draw for the DOE PEIS hearings. Finally, the education and outreach efforts have resulted in a comprehensive plan and process which serves as a guide for implementing the outreach activities under Phase I. While we are still working on the public website, we have made many presentations to stakeholders and policy makers, connections to other federal and state agencies concerned with GHG emissions, climate change, and efficient and environmentally-friendly energy production. In addition, we have laid plans for integration of our outreach efforts with the students, especially at the tribal colleges and at the universities involved in our partnership. This includes collaboration with the film and media arts departments at MSU, with outreach effort

  16. BIG SKY CARBON SEQUESTRATION PARTNERSHIP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Susan M. Capalbo

    2005-01-31

    The Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership, led by Montana State University, is comprised of research institutions, public entities and private sectors organizations, and the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes and the Nez Perce Tribe. Efforts under this Partnership in Phase I fall into four areas: evaluation of sources and carbon sequestration sinks that will be used to determine the location of pilot demonstrations in Phase II; development of GIS-based reporting framework that links with national networks; designing an integrated suite of monitoring, measuring, and verification technologies and assessment frameworks; and initiating a comprehensive education and outreach program. The groundwork is in place to provide an assessment of storage capabilities for CO{sub 2} utilizing the resources found in the Partnership region (both geological and terrestrial sinks), that would complement the ongoing DOE research. Efforts are underway to showcase the architecture of the GIS framework and initial results for sources and sinks. The region has a diverse array of geological formations that could provide storage options for carbon in one or more of its three states. Likewise, initial estimates of terrestrial sinks indicate a vast potential for increasing and maintaining soil C on forested, agricultural, and reclaimed lands. Both options include the potential for offsetting economic benefits to industry and society. Steps have been taken to assure that the GIS-based framework is consistent among types of sinks within the Big Sky Partnership area and with the efforts of other western DOE partnerships. The Partnership recognizes the critical importance of measurement, monitoring, and verification technologies to support not only carbon trading but all policies and programs that DOE and other agencies may want to pursue in support of GHG mitigation. The efforts in developing and implementing MMV technologies for geological sequestration reflect this concern. Research is also underway to identify and validate best management practices for soil C in the Partnership region, and to design a risk/cost effectiveness framework to make comparative assessments of each viable sink, taking into account economic costs, offsetting benefits, scale of sequestration opportunities, spatial and time dimensions, environmental risks, and long-term viability. Scientifically sound information on MMV is critical for public acceptance of these technologies.

  17. Big Data ja vakuutustoiminta Oulun yliopisto 28.1.2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klemelä, Jussi

    Big Data ja vakuutustoiminta Oulun yliopisto 28.1.2014 Lasse Koskinen Model IT & Aalto University; Finland 1 #12;Agenda · Model IT · The age of Big Data · Not generally accepted definition · Important #12;Big Data Creates Value · The use of big data offers tremendous potential for creating value · Mc

  18. Big Data Applications in Cloud and Cyber Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    Big Data Applications in Cloud and Cyber Security Prof. Ravi Sandhu Executive Director and Endowed Professor UTSA COB Symposium on Big Data, Big Challenges March 17, 2015 ravi.sandhu@utsa.edu www Security 1 #12;© Ravi Sandhu 2 World-Leading Research with Real-World Impact! Big Data Volume Variety

  19. The SIKS/BiGGrid Big Data Tutorial Djoerd Hiemstra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiemstra, Djoerd

    The SIKS/BiGGrid Big Data Tutorial Djoerd Hiemstra U. Twente, The Netherlands d BiG Grid organized a new two- day tutorial on Big Data at the University of Twente on 30 November terabytes of data on large clusters, and discusses several core computer science top- ics adapted for big

  20. Statistical Inference, Learning and Models for Big Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knight, Keith

    Statistical Inference, Learning and Models for Big Data Steering Committee Yoshua Bengio Hugh: Strategies and Principles Feb 23 - 27 · Big Data in Health Policy Mar 23 - 27 · Big Data for Social Policy Jordan, UC Berkeley, April 7, 8 and 9 · Andrew Lo, MIT March 25 ­ law, finance and big data · Graduate

  1. Big Data As Complementary Audit Kyunghee Yoon, Rutgers Business School

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Big Data As Complementary Audit Evidence Kyunghee Yoon, Rutgers Business School Lucas Hoogduin variety of information - High litigation risks - Advanced technologies · Big data and big data analytics (SAS No. 106) #12;Sufficiency consideration 1. Relevant external big data could be a complement

  2. Astronomical Surveys and Big Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mickaelian, A M

    2015-01-01

    Recent all-sky and large-area astronomical surveys and their catalogued data over the whole range of electromagnetic spectrum are reviewed, from Gamma-ray to radio, such as Fermi-GLAST and INTEGRAL in Gamma-ray, ROSAT, XMM and Chandra in X-ray, GALEX in UV, SDSS and several POSS I and II based catalogues (APM, MAPS, USNO, GSC) in optical range, 2MASS in NIR, WISE and AKARI IRC in MIR, IRAS and AKARI FIS in FIR, NVSS and FIRST in radio and many others, as well as most important surveys giving optical images (DSS I and II, SDSS, etc.), proper motions (Tycho, USNO, Gaia), variability (GCVS, NSVS, ASAS, Catalina, Pan-STARRS) and spectroscopic data (FBS, SBS, Case, HQS, HES, SDSS, CALIFA, GAMA). An overall understanding of the coverage along the whole wavelength range and comparisons between various surveys are given: galaxy redshift surveys, QSO/AGN, radio, Galactic structure, and Dark Energy surveys. Astronomy has entered the Big Data era. Astrophysical Virtual Observatories and Computational Astrophysics play a...

  3. Quality of Big Data in Healthcare

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sukumar, Sreenivas R; Ramachandran, Natarajan; Ferrell, Regina Kay

    2015-01-01

    The current trend in Big Data Analytics and in particular Health information technology is towards building sophisticated models, methods and tools for business, operational and clinical intelligence, but the critical issue of data quality required for these models is not getting the attention it deserves. The objective of the paper is to highlight the issues of data quality in the context of Big Data Healthcare Analytics.

  4. Development of horn antenna mixer array with internal local oscillator module for microwave imaging diagnostics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuwahara, D., E-mail: dkuwahar@cc.tuat.ac.jp [Department of Mechanical Systems Engineering, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8588 (Japan); Ito, N. [Department of Intelligent System Engineering, Ube National College of Technology, Ube, Yamaguchi 755-8555 (Japan); Nagayama, Y. [Department of Helical Plasma Research, National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Gifu 509-5292 (Japan); Yoshinaga, T. [Department of Applied Physics, National Defense Academy, Yokosuka, Kanagawa 239-0811 (Japan); Yamaguchi, S. [Department of Pure and Applied Physics, Kansai University, Suita, Osaka 564-8680 (Japan); Yoshikawa, M.; Kohagura, J. [Graduate School of Pure and Applied Science, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8577 (Japan); Sugito, S. [Equipment Development Center, Institute for Molecular Science, Okazaki, Aichi 444-8585 (Japan); Kogi, Y. [Department of Information Electronics, Fukuoka Institute of Technology, Fukuoka, Fukuoka 811-0295 (Japan); Mase, A. [Art, Science and Technology Center for Cooperative Research, Kyusyu University, Kasuga, Fukuoka 816-8580 (Japan)

    2014-11-15

    A new antenna array is proposed in order to improve the sensitivity and complexity of microwave imaging diagnostics systems such as a microwave imaging reflectometry, a microwave imaging interferometer, and an electron cyclotron emission imaging. The antenna array consists of five elements: a horn antenna, a waveguide-to-microstrip line transition, a mixer, a local oscillation (LO) module, and an intermediate frequency amplifier. By using an LO module, the LO optics can be removed, and the supplied LO power to each element can be equalized. We report details of the antenna array and characteristics of a prototype antenna array.

  5. Preprint submitted to the Proceedings of the European Wind Energy Conference EWEC in Madrid, Spain June 2003 PREVIENTO meets HORNS REV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinemann, Detlev

    of future offshore wind farms. Surprisingly, in all possible thermal conditions measured speeds of westerly Horns Rev offshore wind farm has to be considered as a step to new dimensions in wind power production June 2003 1 PREVIENTO meets HORNS REV Short-Term Wind-Power Prediction ­ adaptation to Offshore Sites

  6. BIG SKY CARBON SEQUESTRATION PARTNERSHIP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Susan M. Capalbo

    2004-10-31

    The Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership, led by Montana State University, is comprised of research institutions, public entities and private sectors organizations, and the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes and the Nez Perce Tribe. Efforts under this Partnership fall into four areas: evaluation of sources and carbon sequestration sinks; development of GIS-based reporting framework; designing an integrated suite of monitoring, measuring, and verification technologies; and initiating a comprehensive education and outreach program. At the first two Partnership meetings the groundwork was put in place to provide an assessment of capture and storage capabilities for CO{sub 2} utilizing the resources found in the Partnership region (both geological and terrestrial sinks), that would complement the ongoing DOE research. During the third quarter, planning efforts are underway for the next Partnership meeting which will showcase the architecture of the GIS framework and initial results for sources and sinks, discuss the methods and analysis underway for assessing geological and terrestrial sequestration potentials. The meeting will conclude with an ASME workshop. The region has a diverse array of geological formations that could provide storage options for carbon in one or more of its three states. Likewise, initial estimates of terrestrial sinks indicate a vast potential for increasing and maintaining soil C on forested, agricultural, and reclaimed lands. Both options include the potential for offsetting economic benefits to industry and society. Steps have been taken to assure that the GIS-based framework is consistent among types of sinks within the Big Sky Partnership area and with the efforts of other western DOE partnerships. Efforts are also being made to find funding to include Wyoming in the coverage areas for both geological and terrestrial sinks and sources. The Partnership recognizes the critical importance of measurement, monitoring, and verification technologies to support not only carbon trading but all policies and programs that DOE and other agencies may want to pursue in support of GHG mitigation. The efforts begun in developing and implementing MMV technologies for geological sequestration reflect this concern. Research is also underway to identify and validate best management practices for soil C in the Partnership region, and to design a risk/cost effectiveness framework to make comparative assessments of each viable sink, taking into account economic costs, offsetting benefits, scale of sequestration opportunities, spatial and time dimensions, environmental risks, and long-term viability. Scientifically sound information on MMV is critical for public acceptance of these technologies. Two key deliverables were completed in the second quarter--a literature review/database to assess the soil carbon on rangelands, and the draft protocols, contracting options for soil carbon trading. The protocols developed for soil carbon trading are unique and provide a key component of the mechanisms that might be used to efficiently sequester GHG and reduce CO{sub 2} concentrations. While no key deliverables were due during the third quarter, progress on other deliverables is noted in the PowerPoint presentations and in this report. A series of meetings held during the second and third quarters have laid the foundations for assessing the issues surrounding carbon sequestration in this region, the need for a holistic approach to meeting energy demands and economic development potential, and the implementation of government programs or a market-based setting for soil C credits. These meetings provide a connection to stakeholders in the region and a basis on which to draw for the DOE PEIS hearings. In the fourth quarter, three deliverables have been completed, some in draft form to be revised and updated to include Wyoming. This is due primarily to some delays in funding to LANL and INEEL and the approval of a supplemental proposal to include Wyoming in much of the GIS data sets, analysis, and related materials. The de

  7. BIG SKY CARBON SEQUESTRATION PARTNERSHIP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Susan M. Capalbo

    2004-06-30

    The Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership, led by Montana State University, is comprised of research institutions, public entities and private sectors organizations, and the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes and the Nez Perce Tribe. Efforts under this Partnership fall into four areas: evaluation of sources and carbon sequestration sinks; development of GIS-based reporting framework; designing an integrated suite of monitoring, measuring, and verification technologies; and initiating a comprehensive education and outreach program. At the first two Partnership meetings the groundwork was put in place to provide an assessment of capture and storage capabilities for CO{sub 2} utilizing the resources found in the Partnership region (both geological and terrestrial sinks), that would complement the ongoing DOE research. During the third quarter, planning efforts are underway for the next Partnership meeting which will showcase the architecture of the GIS framework and initial results for sources and sinks, discuss the methods and analysis underway for assessing geological and terrestrial sequestration potentials. The meeting will conclude with an ASME workshop (see attached agenda). The region has a diverse array of geological formations that could provide storage options for carbon in one or more of its three states. Likewise, initial estimates of terrestrial sinks indicate a vast potential for increasing and maintaining soil C on forested, agricultural, and reclaimed lands. Both options include the potential for offsetting economic benefits to industry and society. Steps have been taken to assure that the GIS-based framework is consistent among types of sinks within the Big Sky Partnership area and with the efforts of other western DOE partnerships. Efforts are also being made to find funding to include Wyoming in the coverage areas for both geological and terrestrial sinks and sources. The Partnership recognizes the critical importance of measurement, monitoring, and verification technologies to support not only carbon trading but all policies and programs that DOE and other agencies may want to pursue in support of GHG mitigation. The efforts begun in developing and implementing MMV technologies for geological sequestration reflect this concern. Research is also underway to identify and validate best management practices for soil C in the Partnership region, and to design a risk/cost effectiveness framework to make comparative assessments of each viable sink, taking into account economic costs, offsetting benefits, scale of sequestration opportunities, spatial and time dimensions, environmental risks, and long-term viability. Scientifically sound information on MMV is critical for public acceptance of these technologies. Two key deliverables were completed in the second quarter--a literature review/database to assess the soil carbon on rangelands, and the draft protocols, contracting options for soil carbon trading. The protocols developed for soil carbon trading are unique and provide a key component of the mechanisms that might be used to efficiently sequester GHG and reduce CO2 concentrations. While no key deliverables were due during the third quarter, progress on other deliverables is noted in the PowerPoint presentations and in this report. A series of meetings held during the second and third quarters have laid the foundations for assessing the issues surrounding carbon sequestration in this region, the need for a holistic approach to meeting energy demands and economic development potential, and the implementation of government programs or a market-based setting for soil C credits. These meetings provide a connection to stakeholders in the region and a basis on which to draw for the DOE PEIS hearings. A third Partnership meeting has been planned for August 04 in Idaho Falls; a preliminary agenda is attached.

  8. Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Susan M. Capalbo

    2005-11-01

    The Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership, led by Montana State University, is comprised of research institutions, public entities and private sectors organizations, and the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes and the Nez Perce Tribe. Efforts under this Partnership in Phase I fall into four areas: evaluation of sources and carbon sequestration sinks that will be used to determine the location of pilot demonstrations in Phase II; development of GIS-based reporting framework that links with national networks; designing an integrated suite of monitoring, measuring, and verification technologies and assessment frameworks; and initiating a comprehensive education and outreach program. The groundwork is in place to provide an assessment of storage capabilities for CO2 utilizing the resources found in the Partnership region (both geological and terrestrial sinks), that would complement the ongoing DOE research agenda in Carbon Sequestration. The region has a diverse array of geological formations that could provide storage options for carbon in one or more of its three states. Likewise, initial estimates of terrestrial sinks indicate a vast potential for increasing and maintaining soil C on forested, agricultural, and reclaimed lands. Both options include the potential for offsetting economic benefits to industry and society. Steps have been taken to assure that the GIS-based framework is consistent among types of sinks within the Big Sky Partnership area and with the efforts of other DOE regional partnerships. The Partnership recognizes the critical importance of measurement, monitoring, and verification technologies to support not only carbon trading but all policies and programs that DOE and other agencies may want to pursue in support of GHG mitigation. The efforts in developing and implementing MMV technologies for geological sequestration reflect this concern. Research is also underway to identify and validate best management practices for soil C in the Partnership region, and to design a risk/cost effectiveness framework to make comparative assessments of each viable sink, taking into account economic costs, offsetting benefits, scale of sequestration opportunities, spatial and time dimensions, environmental risks, and long-term viability. Scientifically sound MMV is critical for public acceptance of these technologies. Deliverables for the 7th Quarter reporting period include (1) for the geological efforts: Reports on Technology Needs and Action Plan on the Evaluation of Geological Sinks and Pilot Project Deployment (Deliverables 2 and 3), and Report on the Feasibility of Mineralization Trapping in the Snake River Plain Basin (Deliverable 14); (2) for the terrestrial efforts: Report on the Evaluation of Terrestrial Sinks and a Report of the Best Production Practices for Soil C Sequestration (Deliverables 8 and 15). In addition, the 7th Quarter activities for the Partnership included further development of the proposed activities for the deployment and demonstration phase of the carbon sequestration pilots including geological and terrestrial pilots, expansion of the Partnership to encompass regions and institutions that are complimentary to the steps we have identified, building greater collaborations with industry and stakeholders in the region, contributed to outreach efforts that spanned all partnerships, co-authorship on the Carbon Capture and Separation report, and developed a regional basis to address future energy opportunities in the region. The deliverables and activities are discussed in the following sections and appended to this report. The education and outreach efforts have resulted in a comprehensive plan which serves as a guide for implementing the outreach activities under Phase I. The public website has been expanded and integrated with the GIS carbon atlas. We have made presentations to stakeholders and policy makers including two tribal sequestration workshops, and made connections to other federal and state agencies concerned with GHG emissions, climate change, and efficient and environmental

  9. Emergence of the adult pecan weevil Curculio caryae (Horn) in relation to soil mechanical impedance and moisture 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanchard, Calvin Earl

    1981-01-01

    and content by: (Chairman of the Committee) 1 '~J' r' "'f'/""' (Member) (Member) / ( ead of Depart e t) May 1981 111 ABSTRACT Emergence of the Adu'It Pecan Weevil Curculio ~car ae (Horn) in Relation to Soil Mechanical Impedance and Moisture. (May... and the factors nec- essary for subsequent release follow, Citations of this and the following pages follow the style and f t fE 1 tt~Et REVIEW OF LITERATURE Taxonomic Position The pecan weevil, Curculio ~car ae (Horn), belongs to the order Coleoptera...

  10. Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Susan Capalbo

    2005-12-31

    The Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership, led by Montana State University, is comprised of research institutions, public entities and private sectors organizations, and the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes and the Nez Perce Tribe. Efforts under this Partnership in Phase I are organized into four areas: (1) Evaluation of sources and carbon sequestration sinks that will be used to determine the location of pilot demonstrations in Phase II; (2) Development of GIS-based reporting framework that links with national networks; (3) Design of an integrated suite of monitoring, measuring, and verification technologies, market-based opportunities for carbon management, and an economic/risk assessment framework; (referred to below as the Advanced Concepts component of the Phase I efforts) and (4) Initiation of a comprehensive education and outreach program. As a result of the Phase I activities, the groundwork is in place to provide an assessment of storage capabilities for CO{sub 2} utilizing the resources found in the Partnership region (both geological and terrestrial sinks), that complements the ongoing DOE research agenda in Carbon Sequestration. The geology of the Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership Region is favorable for the potential sequestration of enormous volume of CO{sub 2}. The United States Geological Survey (USGS 1995) identified 10 geologic provinces and 111 plays in the region. These provinces and plays include both sedimentary rock types characteristic of oil, gas, and coal productions as well as large areas of mafic volcanic rocks. Of the 10 provinces and 111 plays, 1 province and 4 plays are located within Idaho. The remaining 9 provinces and 107 plays are dominated by sedimentary rocks and located in the states of Montana and Wyoming. The potential sequestration capacity of the 9 sedimentary provinces within the region ranges from 25,000 to almost 900,000 million metric tons of CO{sub 2}. Overall every sedimentary formation investigated has significant potential to sequester large amounts of CO{sub 2}. Simulations conducted to evaluate mineral trapping potential of mafic volcanic rock formations located in the Idaho province suggest that supercritical CO{sub 2} is converted to solid carbonate mineral within a few hundred years and permanently entombs the carbon. Although MMV for this rock type may be challenging, a carefully chosen combination of geophysical and geochemical techniques should allow assessment of the fate of CO{sub 2} in deep basalt hosted aquifers. Terrestrial carbon sequestration relies on land management practices and technologies to remove atmospheric CO{sub 2} where it is stored in trees, plants, and soil. This indirect sequestration can be implemented today and is on the front line of voluntary, market-based approaches to reduce CO{sub 2} emissions. Initial estimates of terrestrial sinks indicate a vast potential for increasing and maintaining soil Carbon (C) on rangelands, and forested, agricultural, and reclaimed lands. Rangelands can store up to an additional 0.05 mt C/ha/yr, while the croplands are on average four times that amount. Estimates of technical potential for soil sequestration within the region in cropland are in the range of 2.0 M mt C/yr over 20 year time horizon. This is equivalent to approximately 7.0 M mt CO{sub 2}e/yr. The forestry sinks are well documented, and the potential in the Big Sky region ranges from 9-15 M mt CO{sub 2} equivalent per year. Value-added benefits include enhanced yields, reduced erosion, and increased wildlife habitat. Thus the terrestrial sinks provide a viable, environmentally beneficial, and relatively low cost sink that is available to sequester C in the current time frame. The Partnership recognizes the critical importance of measurement, monitoring, and verification technologies to support not only carbon trading but all policies and programs that DOE and other agencies may want to pursue in support of GHG mitigation. The efforts in developing and implementing MMV technologies for geological and terrestrial sequestration re

  11. Apple Tree, NH Big Tree for May By Anne Krantz, NH Big Tree Team,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    Apple Tree, NH Big Tree for May By Anne Krantz, NH Big Tree Team, UNH Cooperative Extension The explosion of apple blossoms in May transforms the most gnarled old tree into a delicate cloud of beauty (1817-1862) in his essay "The Wild Apple Tree," described the blossoms perfectly: `The flowers

  12. Testing Vpin on Big Data Response to Reflecting on the Vpin Dispute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Kesheng

    2014-01-01

    Wu,  K. ,  et  al.   A  Big  Data  Approach  to  Analyzing  Testing VPIN on Big Data -- Response to “Reflecting on theTesting  VPIN  on  Big  Data    –  Response  to  “

  13. Solution Path Clustering with Minimax Concave Penalty and Its Applications to Noisy Big Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marchetti, Yuliya

    2014-01-01

    Path Clustering of Noisy Big Data . . . . . . . . . . . .Y. Wah, and T. Herawan. “Big Data Clustering: A Review. ” InPath Clustering of Noisy Big Data Introduction In this

  14. Big Data Analaysis and Visualization: What Do LINACS and Tropical Storms Have In Common?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bethel, E. Wes

    2013-01-01

    Big Data Analaysis and Visualization: What Do LINACS andof California. BIG DATA ANALYSIS AND VISUALIZATION: WHAT DOproblems. INTRODUCTION Big data and its attendant

  15. QUANTITATIVE REMOTE SENSING: HORNS REV WIND FARM CASE STUDY C. B. Hasager, M. Nielsen, M. B. Christiansen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    QUANTITATIVE REMOTE SENSING: HORNS REV WIND FARM CASE STUDY C. B. Hasager, M. Nielsen, M. B. Christiansen Risø National Laboratory, Wind Energy Department, Roskilde, Denmark Email: charlotte.hasager@risoe.dk, morten.nielsen@risoe.dk, merete.bruun.christiansen@risoe.dk ABSTRACT Wind vector observations from 85 ERS

  16. Project Title Mobile Device Management. Team Pam Horne, Jolene King, Jim Lehman, Marcus Lill, Terry Schroeder, David Shaw

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pittendrigh, Barry

    Project Title Mobile Device Management. Team Pam Horne, Jolene King, Jim Lehman, Marcus Lill, Terry and supporting mobile devices that access Purdue data and information. Hypothesis We anticipate there would be several advantages from providing a model of supporting mobile devices. These advantages would be in areas

  17. Big Brothers needed in Northern New Mexico

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O OLaura| National2.11DESERTWaterSharingBeyondBang or BigBig

  18. The Politics of European Collaboration in Big Olof Hallonsten

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bongartz, Klaus

    politics. Keywords Big Science · CERN · Common market · European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOMThe Politics of European Collaboration in Big Science Olof Hallonsten Abstract Intergovernmental outside of the political integration work of the European Community/Union, which has resulted

  19. Solar Goes Big: Launching the California Valley Solar Ranch ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Solar Goes Big: Launching the California Valley Solar Ranch Solar Goes Big: Launching the California Valley Solar Ranch October 31, 2013 - 4:14pm Addthis The California Valley...

  20. At Vogtle, Big Results with Nuclear Power | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    At Vogtle, Big Results with Nuclear Power At Vogtle, Big Results with Nuclear Power February 20, 2014 - 1:29pm Addthis Construction work inside the Vogtle 3 and 4 module assembly...

  1. BigNeuron: Unlocking the Secrets of the Human Brain

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    BigNeuron: Unlocking the Secrets of the Human Brain BigNeuron: Unlocking the Secrets of the Human Brain Berkeley Researchers and Supercomputers to Help Create a Standard 3D Neuron...

  2. Distributed Wind Market Report: Small Turbines Lead to Big Growth...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Distributed Wind Market Report: Small Turbines Lead to Big Growth in Exports Distributed Wind Market Report: Small Turbines Lead to Big Growth in Exports August 18, 2014 - 12:13pm...

  3. Photon Speedway Puts Big Data In the Fast Lane

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Photon Speedway Puts Big Data In the Fast Lane Photon Speedway Puts Big Data In the Fast Lane Scientists from Berkeley Lab and SLAC are using NERSC and ESnet to achieve...

  4. PERSPECTIVES Deep Earthquakes: A Fault Too Big?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stein, Seth

    PERSPECTIVES Deep Earthquakes: A Fault Too Big? Seth Stein Because deep Earth processes are inacces. Recent results for the mys- terious deep earthquakes that occur to depths greater than 600 km is that large deep earthquakes (1-3) seem to have occurred on faults larger than ex- pected from the competing

  5. Space Time Quantization and the Big Bang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. G. Sidharth

    1998-06-21

    A recent cosmological model is recapitulated which deduces the correct mass, radius and age of the universe as also the Hubble constant and other well known apparently coincidental relations. It also predicts an ever expanding accelerating universe as is confirmed by latest supernovae observations. Finally the Big Bang model is recovered as a suitable limiting case.

  6. How to think big The 20th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lonardi, Stefano

    ,200 to .033 cents)* * Source: John McCallum, PC Direct #12;If only gas mileage improved as much as disk pricesHow to think big Udi Manber Google #12;· The 20th century was about taming nature (and winning wars performance has gone up by a factor of 3500 (1 MHz ­ 3.5GHz)* · Memory prices per megabyte are down

  7. ICME & MGI Big Area Additive Manufacturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ICME & MGI · Big Area Additive Manufacturing · Neutron Characterization for AM · Materials problems in additive manu- facturing (AM). Additive manufacturing, or three-dimensional (3-D) printing of the world's most advanced neu- tron facilities, the HFIR and SNS, to characterize additive manufactured

  8. No "big trips" for the universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valerio Faraoni

    2007-02-27

    It has been claimed in several papers that a phantom energy-dominated universe can undergo a ``big trip'', i.e., tunneling through a wormhole that grows faster than the cosmic substratum due to the accretion of phantom energy, and will reappear on the other mouth of the wormhole. We show that such claims are unfounded and contradict the Einstein equations.

  9. Data Mining with Big Data Xindong Wu1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ding, Wei

    1 Data Mining with Big Data Xindong Wu1,2 , Xingquan Zhu3 , Gong-Qing Wu2 , Wei Ding4 1 School Boston, USA Abstract: Big Data concerns large-volume, complex, growing data sets with multiple, Big Data is now rapidly expanding in all science and engineering domains, including physical

  10. Mapping collective behavior in the big-data era

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bentley, Alex

    Mapping collective behavior in the big-data era R. Alexander Bentley Department of Archaeology. Similarly, behavioral scientists now have access to "big data" sets ­ those from Twitter and Facebook & Reinsel 2011). These digital shadows are the subjects of "big data" research, which optimists see

  11. Statistical Inference, Learning and Models for Big Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reid, Nancy

    Statistical Inference, Learning and Models for Big Data Nancy Reid University of Toronto P · Optimization and Matrix Methods Feb 9 ­ 11 · Visualization: Strategies and Principles Feb 23 ­ 27 · Big Data in Health Policy Mar 23 ­ 27 · Big Data for Social Policy Apr 13 ­ 16 #12;And more Distinguished Lecture

  12. Toward Effective Big Data Analysis in Continuous Auditing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toward Effective Big Data Analysis in Continuous Auditing By Juan Zhang, Xiongsheng Yang, and Deniz Appelbaum #12;Towards Effective Big Data Analysis Introduction New sources: emails, phone calls, click stream traffic, social media, news media, sensor recordings and videos, and RFID tags 4 V's of Big Data

  13. Cost aware real time big data processing in Cloud Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buyya, Rajkumar

    Cost aware real time big data processing in Cloud Environments By Cristian Montero Under and volatility of Big-data application workloads, it is difficult to decide when and how to scale up and down Environments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.2 Big Data

  14. When Recommenders Met Big Data An Architectural Proposal and Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coruña, Universidade da

    When Recommenders Met Big Data An Architectural Proposal and Evaluation Daniel Valcarce, Javier factor in the design of any system working with big data. In particular, it has been recognised as a main capable of making per- sonalised recommendations using collaborative filtering in a big data en- vironment

  15. Big Data: A Survey Min Chen Shiwen Mao Yunhao Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Min

    Big Data: A Survey Min Chen · Shiwen Mao · Yunhao Liu © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014 Abstract In this paper, we review the background and state-of-the-art of big data. We first introduce the general background of big data and review related technologies, such as could computing

  16. Behavioral Implications of Big Data's Impact on Audit Judgment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Behavioral Implications of Big Data's Impact on Audit Judgment and Decision Making and Future state of Big Data with regards to the audit environment · Information processing weaknesses and limitations that can impede the effective use of Big Data in an audit environment, with a focus on

  17. Implementing 'Big Open Data' in government through Open Collaboration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baclawski, Kenneth B.

    1 Implementing 'Big Open Data' in government through Open Collaboration - case examples@mitre.org> Ken Baclawski Presented at the Joint DATA.GOV - ONTOLOG "Big Open Data" Session 17-May-2012 ( v1.02 ) #12;2ppy/lo/md/kb/Leveraging-OOR-in BigOpenData_May-2012 Presentation Outline

  18. Random Forests and Big Data Robin Genuer 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villa-vialaneix, Nathalie

    Random Forests and Big Data Robin Genuer 1 , Jean-Michel Poggi 2 , Christine Tuleau-Malot3 Castanet Tolosan cedex, nathalie.villa@toulouse.inra.fr R´esum´e. Le Big Data est un des grands d´efis que. Le Big Data implique toujours le caract`ere massif des donn´ees mais comprend bien souvent aussi des

  19. Big Data, the Crowd, and Me Cathy Marshall

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marshall, Cathy

    Big Data, the Crowd, and Me Cathy Marshall Microsoft Research, Silicon Valley Like many of you, I've been swept up by the romance of Big Data. But instead of stepping back and taking the long view, in this account I plan to get enmired in the details and tell you a story about my own Big Data dalliance

  20. Exploring big data opportunities for Online Customer Segmentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Exploring big data opportunities for Online Customer Segmentation Georgia Fotaki Marco Spruit Sjaak University P.O. Box 80.089 3508 TB Utrecht The Netherlands #12;iii Exploring big data opportunities and analyzing the huge amount of data; and this is where the concept of "Big Data" can play an essential role

  1. Orchestrating Science DMZs for Big Data Acceleration: Challenges and Approaches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calyam, Prasad

    Orchestrating Science DMZs for Big Data Acceleration: Challenges and Approaches Saptarshi Debroy: {debroysa, calyamp, dickinsonmg}@missouri.edu. I. INTRODUCTION A. What is Science Big Data? In recent years computing centers, experiments and simulations produce peta-bytes of data viz., Big Data, that is likely

  2. One Statistician's Perspectives on Statistics and "Big Data" Analytics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vardeman, Stephen B.

    One Statistician's Perspectives on Statistics and "Big Data" Analytics Some (Ultimately 2014 Vardeman (Iowa State University) Perspectives on "Big Data" Analytics July 2014 1 / 16 #12;My/modern-multivariate-statistical-learning/ Vardeman (Iowa State University) Perspectives on "Big Data" Analytics July 2014 2 / 16 #12;Some (Indirect

  3. The Foundation of Big Data: Experiments, Formulation, and Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Robert Caiming

    The Foundation of Big Data: Experiments, Formulation, and Applications Robert C. Qiu 1 1 . In the age of Big Data, the size of n is large, but FINITE! The large but finite n asks for a new paradigm for big data analysis. Size is the only thing that matters. It is natural to model massive datasets

  4. Rethinking Abstractions for Big Data: Why, Where, How, and What

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirby, Mike

    Rethinking Abstractions for Big Data: Why, Where, How, and What Mary Hall, Robert M. Kirby, Feifei Venkatasubramanian, University of Utah June 17, 2013 Big data refers to large and complex data sets that, under, analytical tools and human understanding [7]. Numerous lessons on the scalability of big data can already

  5. IMPLICATIONS OF NON-MAXWELLIAN DISTRIBUTIONS ON BIG BANG NUCLEOSYNTHESIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

    #12;IMPLICATIONS OF NON-MAXWELLIAN DISTRIBUTIONS ON BIG BANG NUCLEOSYNTHESIS A Thesis by JOHN FUQUA ON BIG BANG NUCLEOSYNTHESIS A Thesis by JOHN FUQUA Approved by: Advisor: Carlos Bertulani Committee-MAXWELLIAN DISTRIBUTIONS ON BIG BANG NUCLEOSYNTHESIS John Fuqua, MS Texas A&M University-Commerce, 2013 Advisor: Carlos

  6. Visualizing Distributed Data with BigWig and BigBed at UCSC (2010 JGI/ANL HPC Workshop)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Kent, Jim [UCSC

    2011-06-08

    Jim Kent from University of California, Santa Cruz presents on "Visualizing Distributed Data with BigWig and BigBed at UCSC" at the JGI/Argonne HPC Workshop on January 26, 2010.

  7. IOL: Africa's big plans for biofuel Africa's big plans for biofuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IOL: Africa's big plans for biofuel Africa's big plans for biofuel By Clare Byrne Visitors for the production of fuel crops. http://www.iol.co.za/general/news/newsprint.php?art_id=nw20071106135542969C112694&sf= (1 of 3) [11/11/2008 11:48:04 AM] http://www.iol.co.za/index.php?set_id=1&click_id=31&art

  8. 37Guadalupe Mountains National Park ROBERT J. BAKER, Ph.D., is a Horn Professor of biology and museum science and is director of the Natural Sci-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Robert J.

    there, and we got there late in the afternoon, and two bull elk started bugling at each other. They came down out of the hills breaking trees; this was serious fighting. They came down and they locked horns

  9. Big Rock Point severe accident management strategies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brogan, B.A. [Consumers Power Co., Charlevoix, MI (United States); Gabor, J.R. [Dames and Moore, Westmont, IL (United States)

    1996-07-01

    December 1994, the Nuclear Energy Institute (NEI) issued guidance relative to the formal industry position on Severe Accident Management (SAM) approved by the NEI Strategic Issues Advisory Committee on November 4, 1994. This paper summarizes how Big Rock Point (BRP) has and continues to address SAM strategies. The historical accounting portion of this presentation includes a description of how the following projects identified and defined the current Big Rock Point SAM strategies: the 1981 Level 3 Probabilistic Risk Assessment performance; the development of the Plant Specific Technical Guidelines from which the symptom oriented Emergency Operating Procedures (EOPs) were developed; the Control Room Design Review; and, the recent completion of the Individual Plant Evaluation (IPE). In addition to the historical presentation deliberation, this paper the present activities that continue to stress SAM strategies.

  10. Vertical distribution of larval stages of the horn fly, Haematobia irritans irritans (L.), in relation to manure pat temperature gradients 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    March, Philip Anderson

    1981-01-01

    control strategists to recommend the mechanical destruction of the intact manure pat by harrowing (Smith 1889). Mariatt ( 1910) suggested placement of swine in cattle pastures to achieve the same purpose. Rapid dessication of the scattered manure...VERTICAL DISTRISUTION OF LARVAL STAGES OF THE HORN FLY, HAEMATOBIA IRRITANS IRRITANS (L. ), IN RELATION TO MANURE PAT TEMPERATURE GRADIENTS A Thesis by PHILIP ANDERSON MARCH Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AijM University...

  11. Dark Radiation Emerging After Big Bang Nucleosynthesis?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Willy Fischler; Joel Meyers

    2011-02-28

    We show how recent data from observations of the cosmic microwave background may suggest the presence of additional radiation density which appeared after big bang nucleosynthesis. We propose a general scheme by which this radiation could be produced from the decay of non-relativistic matter, we place constraints on the properties of such matter, and we give specific examples of scenarios in which this general scheme may be realized.

  12. Dark radiation emerging after big bang nucleosynthesis?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fischler, Willy; Meyers, Joel [Theory Group, Department of Physics, University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States) and Texas Cosmology Center, University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)

    2011-03-15

    We show how recent data from observations of the cosmic microwave background may suggest the presence of additional radiation density which appeared after big bang nucleosynthesis. We propose a general scheme by which this radiation could be produced from the decay of nonrelativistic matter, we place constraints on the properties of such matter, and we give specific examples of scenarios in which this general scheme may be realized.

  13. Big Bang Nucleosynthesis and Primordial Black Holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Sivaram; Kenath Arun

    2010-06-28

    There are ongoing efforts in detecting Hawking radiation from primordial black holes (PBH) formed during the early universe. Here we put an upper limit on the PBH number density that could have been formed prior to the big bang nucleosynthesis era, based on the constraint that the PBH evaporation energy consisting of high energy radiation not affect the observed abundances' of elements, by disintegrating the nuclei.

  14. Tackling Big Data Together | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergyPlan | DepartmentXIII--SMART GRID SEC.Quadrennial Technology Review AboutBig

  15. Keeping Pace with Big Data Arizona State University Data Mining and Machine Learning Lab NSF Workshop on Big Data Analy6cs, Beijing 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Huan

    Keeping Pace with Big Data Arizona State University Data Mining and Machine Learning Lab NSF Workshop on Big Data Analy6cs, Beijing 1 Keeping Pace with Big Data - A Data Mining Perspec>ve Huan Liu Data

  16. Site Characterization for CO{sub 2} Storage from Coal-fired Power Facilities in the Black Warrior Basin of Alabama

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clark, Peter; Pashin, Jack; Carlson, Eric; Goodliffe, Andrew; McIntyre-Redden, Marcella; Mann, Steven; Thompson, Mason

    2012-08-31

    Coal-fired power plants produce large quantities of carbon dioxide. In order to mitigate the greenhouse gas emissions from these power plants, it is necessary to separate and store the carbon dioxide. Saline formations provide a potential sink for carbon dioxide and delineating the capacity of the various known saline formations is a key part of building a storage inventory. As part of this effort, a project was undertaken to access the storage capacity of saline reservoirs in the Black Warrior Basin of Alabama. This basin has been a productive oil and gas reservoir that is well characterized to the west of the two major coal-fired power plants that are north of Birmingham. The saline zones were thought to extend as far east as the Sequatchie Anticline which is just east of the power plants. There is no oil or gas production in the area surrounding the power plants so little is known about the formations in that area. A geologic characterization well was drilled on the Gorgas Power Plant site, which is the farthest west of two power plants in the area. The well was planned to be drilled to approximately 8,000 feet, but drilling was halted at approximately 5,000 feet when a prolific freshwater zone was penetrated. During drilling, a complete set of cores through all of the potential injection zones and the seals above these zones were acquired. A complete set of openhole logs were run along with a vertical seismic profile (VSP). Before drilling started two approximately perpendicular seismic lines were run and later correlated with the VSP. While the zones that were expected were found at approximately the predicted depths, the zones that are typically saline through the reservoir were found to be saturated with a light crude oil. Unfortunately, both the porosity and permeability of these zones were small enough that no meaningful hydrocarbon production would be expected even with carbon dioxide flooding. iv While this part of the basin was found to be unsuitable for carbon dioxide injection, there is still a large storage capacity in the basin to the west of the power plants. It will, however, require pipeline construction to transport the carbon dioxide to the injection sites.

  17. Design of Dual-Polarization Horn-Coupled Kinetic Inductance Detectors for Cosmic Microwave Background Polarimetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryan, Sean; Che, George; Day, Peter; Flanigan, Daniel; Johnson, Bradley R; Jones, Glenn; Kjellstrand, Bjorn; Limon, Michele; Mauskopf, Philip; McCarrick, Heather; Miller, Amber; Smiley, Brian

    2015-01-01

    Mapping the polarization of the Cosmic Microwave Background is yielding exciting data on the origin of the universe, the reionization of the universe, and the growth of cosmic structure. Kilopixel arrays represent the current state of the art, but advances in detector technology are needed to enable the larger detector arrays needed for future measurements. Here we present a design for single-band dual-polarization Kinetic Inductance Detectors (KIDs) at 20% bandwidths centered at 145, 220, and 280 GHz. The detection and readout system is nearly identical to the successful photon-noise-limited aluminum Lumped-Element KIDs that have been recently built and tested by some of the authors. Fabricating large focal plane arrays of the feed horns and quarter-wave backshorts requires only conventional precision machining. Since the detectors and readout lines consist only of a single patterned aluminum layer on a SOI wafer, arrays of the detectors can be built commercially or at a standard university cleanroom.

  18. Big Canyon Creek Ecological Restoration Strategy.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rasmussen, Lynn; Richardson, Shannon

    2007-10-01

    He-yey, Nez Perce for steelhead or rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), are a culturally and ecologically significant resource within the Big Canyon Creek watershed; they are also part of the federally listed Snake River Basin Steelhead DPS. The majority of the Big Canyon Creek drainage is considered critical habitat for that DPS as well as for the federally listed Snake River fall chinook (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) ESU. The Nez Perce Soil and Water Conservation District (District) and the Nez Perce Tribe Department of Fisheries Resources Management-Watershed (Tribe), in an effort to support the continued existence of these and other aquatic species, have developed this document to direct funding toward priority restoration projects in priority areas for the Big Canyon Creek watershed. In order to achieve this, the District and the Tribe: (1) Developed a working group and technical team composed of managers from a variety of stakeholders within the basin; (2) Established geographically distinct sub-watershed areas called Assessment Units (AUs); (3) Created a prioritization framework for the AUs and prioritized them; and (4) Developed treatment strategies to utilize within the prioritized AUs. Assessment Units were delineated by significant shifts in sampled juvenile O. mykiss (steelhead/rainbow trout) densities, which were found to fall at fish passage barriers. The prioritization framework considered four aspects critical to determining the relative importance of performing restoration in a certain area: density of critical fish species, physical condition of the AU, water quantity, and water quality. It was established, through vigorous data analysis within these four areas, that the geographic priority areas for restoration within the Big Canyon Creek watershed are Big Canyon Creek from stream km 45.5 to the headwaters, Little Canyon from km 15 to 30, the mainstem corridors of Big Canyon (mouth to 7km) and Little Canyon (mouth to 7km). The District and the Tribe then used data collected from the District's stream assessment and inventory, utilizing the Stream Visual Assessment Protocol (SVAP), to determine treatment necessary to bring 90% of reaches ranked Poor or Fair through the SVAP up to good or excellent. In 10 year's time, all reaches that were previously evaluated with SVAP will be reevaluated to determine progress and to adapt methods for continued success. Over 400 miles of stream need treatment in order to meet identified restoration goals. Treatments include practices which result in riparian habitat improvements, nutrient reductions, channel condition improvements, fish habitat improvements, invasive species control, water withdrawal reductions, improved hydrologic alterations, upland sediment reductions, and passage barrier removal. The Nez Perce Soil and Water Conservation District (District) and the Nez Perce Tribe Department of Fisheries Resource Management Watershed Division (Tribe) developed this document to guide restoration activities within the Big Canyon Creek watershed for the period of 2008-2018. This plan was created to demonstrate the ongoing need and potential for anadromous fish habitat restoration within the watershed and to ensure continued implementation of restoration actions and activities. It was developed not only to guide the District and the Tribe, but also to encourage cooperation among all stakeholders, including landowners, government agencies, private organizations, tribal governments, and elected officials. Through sharing information, skills, and resources in an active, cooperative relationships, all concerned parties will have the opportunity to join together to strengthen and maintain a sustainable natural resource base for present and future generations within the watershed. The primary goal of the strategy is to address aquatic habitat restoration needs on a watershed level for resident and anadromous fish species, promoting quality habitat within a self-sustaining watershed. Seven objectives have been developed to support this goal: (1) Identify factors limiting quality

  19. Big, Deep, and Smart Data in Energy Materials Research: Atomic...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Big, Deep, and Smart Data in Energy Materials Research: Atomic View on Materials Functionalities Event Sponsor: Computing, Environment, and Life Sciences Seminar Start Date: Sep 22...

  20. Data, Feedback, & Awareness Lead to Big Energy Savings | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Data, Feedback, & Awareness Lead to Big Energy Savings Fact sheet describes how the Navy Region Southwest Metro San Diego Area (NRSMSD) regional energy management team achieved...

  1. Can Small Go Big? Microfluidics Aid Quest for Artificial Photosynthesi...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Can Small Go Big? Microfluidics Aid Quest for Artificial Photosynthesis Basic Energy Sciences (BES) BES Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BES Funding...

  2. Big Thicket National Preserve: Trails to the Future 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Luke; Allen, Chris; Elrod, Leah; Forbes, Melissa; Harbin, Hannah; Stromm, Diann

    2003-01-01

    stream_source_info Big_Thicket.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 292407 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Big_Thicket.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 Capstone Project... The George Bush School of Government and Public Service Texas A&M University Big Thicket National Preserve: Trails to the Future By Luke Anderson Chris Allen Leah Elrod Melissa Forbes Hannah Harbin Diann Strom Big Thicket National Preserve...

  3. LDRD symposium focuses on materials in extremes, big data, and...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    LDRD symposium focuses on materials in extremes, big data, and energy use impacts | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission...

  4. The Big Picture on Process Heating | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Big Picture on Process Heating (January 2001) More Documents & Publications Metal and Glass Manufacturers Reduce Costs by Increasing Energy Efficiency in Process Heating Systems...

  5. A different Big Bang theory: Los Alamos unveils explosives detection...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    unveils explosives detection expertise A different Big Bang theory: Los Alamos unveils explosives detection expertise A team of scientists is now rolling out a collaborative...

  6. Managing Research Data in Big Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norman Gray; Tobia Carozzi; Graham Woan

    2012-07-17

    The project which led to this report was funded by JISC in 2010--2011 as part of its 'Managing Research Data' programme, to examine the way in which Big Science data is managed, and produce any recommendations which may be appropriate. Big science data is different: it comes in large volumes, and it is shared and exploited in ways which may differ from other disciplines. This project has explored these differences using as a case-study Gravitational Wave data generated by the LSC, and has produced recommendations intended to be useful variously to JISC, the funding council (STFC) and the LSC community. In Sect. 1 we define what we mean by 'big science', describe the overall data culture there, laying stress on how it necessarily or contingently differs from other disciplines. In Sect. 2 we discuss the benefits of a formal data-preservation strategy, and the cases for open data and for well-preserved data that follow from that. This leads to our recommendations that, in essence, funders should adopt rather light-touch prescriptions regarding data preservation planning: normal data management practice, in the areas under study, corresponds to notably good practice in most other areas, so that the only change we suggest is to make this planning more formal, which makes it more easily auditable, and more amenable to constructive criticism. In Sect. 3 we briefly discuss the LIGO data management plan, and pull together whatever information is available on the estimation of digital preservation costs. The report is informed, throughout, by the OAIS reference model for an open archive.

  7. Analytics over Large-Scale Multidimensional Data: The Big Data Revolution!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Il-Yeol

    Analytics over Large-Scale Multidimensional Data: The Big Data Revolution! Alfredo Cuzzocrea ICAR in the field of analytics over big data, and we extend the discussion to analytics over big multidimensional, Management, Performance, Theory Keywords Analytics over Big Data, Analytics over Big Multidimensional Data

  8. The Next Big Thing - Eric Haseltine

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Eric Haseltine

    2010-01-08

    Eric Haseltine, Haseltine Partners president and former chief of Walt Disney Imagineering, presented "The Next Big Thing," on Sept. 11, at the ORNL. He described the four "early warning signs" that a scientific breakthrough is imminent, and then suggested practical ways to turn these insights into breakthrough innovations. Haseltine is former director of research at the National Security Agency and associate director for science and technology for the director of National Intelligence, former executive vice president of Walt Disney Imagineering and director of engineering for Hughes Aircraft. He has 15 patents in optics, special effects and electronic media, and more than 100 publications in science and technical journals, the web and Discover Magazine.

  9. Big Data | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLC Jump to:Greece:BajoBelpower Srl JumpOpenRenewableBielat SantoreBig

  10. Protein Dynamics Hit the Big Screen

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeedingProgramExemptionsProtein Dynamics Hit the Big Screen Protein Dynamics Hit

  11. Big Blue Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin: EnergyYorkColoradoBelcher HomesBeverly,Lake, California:Big

  12. The Big Data Rush Practically every major funding agency is kindling (or rekindling) the idea of`big data'as key to solving

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, T. Daniel

    The Big Data Rush Practically every major funding agency is kindling (or rekindling) the idea of`big.TheWhite House has recently launched a major initiative in this space (Google for"Big Data Across the Federal Government") highlighting the pervasiveness of big data programs across multiple government units. The

  13. Purdue University Faculty Openings in Big Data Purdue University has identified Big Data as a major thrust for inter-disciplinary research and education.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kihara, Daisuke

    Purdue University Faculty Openings in Big Data Purdue University has identified Big Data as a major shape Purdue's vision and research/education agenda in Big Data. Candidates for tenure and tenure, and participate in interdisciplinary Big-Data activities. Salary and benefits are highly competitive, and Purdue

  14. 6 Scalable End-user Access to Big Data 1 6.1 The Data Access Problem of Big Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calvanese, Diego

    Contents 6 Scalable End-user Access to Big Data 1 6.1 The Data Access Problem of Big Data;Chapter 6 Scalable End-user Access to Big Data Martin Giese,1 Diego Calvanese,2 Peter Haase,3 Ian Horrocks-users typically face when dealing with Big Data: · They need to pose ad hoc queries to a collection of data

  15. Big SaaS: The Next Step Beyond Big Data Hong Zhu, Ian Bayley, M. Younas, David Lightfoot, Basel Yousef and Dongmei Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Hong

    Big SaaS: The Next Step Beyond Big Data Hong Zhu, Ian Bayley, M. Younas, David Lightfoot, Basel will integrate with the Internet of Things, Mobile Computing, Big Data, Wireless Sensor Networks, and many other and require Big Data but provide great value to the customer. With these benefits come great societal risks

  16. Review: Eco-Business: A Big-Brand Takeover of Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laberge, Yves

    2015-01-01

    Big-Brand Takeover of Sustainability By Peter Dauvergne andA Big-Brand Takeover of Sustainability. Cambridge, MA: MITA Big-Brand Takeover of Sustainability is a very important

  17. Bid & Open Data position paper 1 / 47 Big and Open data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morik, Katharina

    Bid & Open Data position paper 1 / 47 Big and Open data Position Paper #12;Bid & Open Data position ..................................................................................................................5 II- Challenges with BIG/OPEN DATA ..............................................................................6 III- Technical approaches to Big Data

  18. Microsoft PowerPoint - 12_BRIAN_HORN_NRC and DOE recognition May 13 2014.ppt [Compatibility Mode]

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4) AugustA. -71-3 Recognitions Brian Horn, NRC Pete

  19. Microsoft PowerPoint - 1_BRIAN_HORN_NMMSS Overrview-May 12 2014.ppt [Compatibility Mode]

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4) AugustA. -71-3 Recognitions Brian Horn, NRCMonday, May

  20. Microsoft PowerPoint - 1_Pete_Deessaules_Brain_Horn_NMMSS_2014_screensaver.ppt [Compatibility Mode]

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4) AugustA. -71-3 Recognitions Brian Horn,EmergingWelcome

  1. Recommendations for Technologies for Microgrids on the Big Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Recommendations for Technologies for Microgrids on the Big Island Prepared for U.S. Department Island microgrids By Sentech, Inc. Bethesda, Maryland And University of Hawaii Hawaii Natural Energy for technologies to be used in future installation of Big Island microgrids Subtask 2.2 Deliverable #4 Prepared By

  2. SCIENCE IN HIGH DIMENSIONS: MULTIPARAMETER MODELS AND BIG DATA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sethna, James P.

    SCIENCE IN HIGH DIMENSIONS: MULTIPARAMETER MODELS AND BIG DATA A Dissertation Presented #12;SCIENCE IN HIGH DIMENSIONS: MULTIPARAMETER MODELS AND BIG DATA Ricky Chachra, Ph.D. Cornell parameters as well as a large-dimensional space of predicted data. These high-dimensional spaces of inputs

  3. "Developing the infrastructure and skills needed to handle big data."

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    "Developing the infrastructure and skills needed to handle big data." Don Brown W.S. Calcott Engineering University of Virginia Charlottesville, VA 434.982.2074 Big Data Research Group Our research group and uncertain behaviors. Methodological interests in these areas include data- mining, simulation

  4. Economic Impact of New Residents in Big Stone,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Economic Impact of New Residents in Big Stone, Chippewa, Lac Qui Parle, Swift, and Yellow of Minnesota Extension Center for Community Vitality August 2011 1 ECONOMIC IMPACT ANALYSIS An Extension Community Economics Program #12; Economic Impact of New Residents: Big Stone, Chippewa, Lac Qui

  5. Synoptic Observing Programs at Big Bear Solar Observatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Synoptic Observing Programs at Big Bear Solar Observatory Haimin Wang and Philip R. Goode Big Bear and en- hance the comprehensive synoptic observing programs at BBSO, which include the following ve studies. Statistical studies on sunspot areas and magnetic shear are among the highlights of this research

  6. Rethinking Abstractions for Big Data: Why, Where, How, and What

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) and applications communities. However, scale is only one aspect of current big data trends; fundamentally, current that is being addressed. The "big data challenge" has disrupted computer science by stressing to the very limits heterogeneous and specialized units, with resilience and energy becoming important considerations. The design

  7. Astrogenomics: big data, old problems, old solutions?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golden, Aaron; Greally, John M

    2013-01-01

    The ominous warnings of a `data deluge' in the life sciences from high-throughput DNA sequencing data are being supplanted by a second deluge, of cliches bemoaning our collective scientific fate unless we address the genomic data `tsunami'. It is imperative that we explore the many facets of the genome, not just sequence but also transcriptional and epigenetic variability, integrating these observations in order to attain a genuine understanding of how genes function, towards a goal of genomics-based personalized medicine. Determining any individual's genomic properties requires comparison to many others, sifting out the specific from the trends, requiring access to the many in order to yield information relevant to the few. This is the central big data challenge in genomics that still requires some sort of resolution. Is there a practical, feasible way of directly connecting the scientific community to this data universe? The best answer could be in the stars overhead.

  8. New Nuclear Physics for Big Bang Nucleosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richard N. Boyd; Carl R. Brune; George M. Fuller; Christel J. Smith

    2010-08-04

    We discuss nuclear reactions which could play a role in Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN). Most of these reactions involve lithium and beryllium isotopes and the rates for some of these have not previously been included in BBN calculations. Few of these reactions are well studied in the laboratory. We also discuss novel effects in these reactions, including thermal population of nuclear target states, resonant enhancement, and non-thermal neutron reaction products. We perform sensitivity studies which show that even given considerable nuclear physics uncertainties, most of these nuclear reactions have minimal leverage on the standard BBN abundance yields of 6Li and 7Li. Although a few have the potential to alter the yields significantly, we argue that this is unlikely.

  9. DMP Planning for Big Science Projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Juan Bicarregui; Norman Gray; Rob Henderson; Roger Jones; Simon Lambert; Brian Matthews

    2012-08-18

    This report exists to provide high-level guidance for the strategic and engineering development of Data Management and Preservation plans for 'Big Science' data. Although the report's nominal audience is therefore rather narrow, we intend the document to be of use to other planners and data architects who wish to implement good practice in this area. For the purposes of this report, we presume that the reader is broadly persuaded (by external fiat if nothing else) of the need to preserve research data appropriately, and that they have both sophisticated technical support and the budget to support developments. The goal of the document is not to provide mechanically applicable recipes, but to allow the user to develop and lead a high-level plan which is appropriate to their organisation. Throughout, the report is informed where appropriate by the OAIS reference model.

  10. Big Earth observation data analytics for land use and land cover change information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camara, Gilberto

    .......................................................................................... 3 2.2 CONTRIBUTION TO COMPUTER SCIENCE: BIG DATA IN GEOINFORMATICS

  11. Machine-Learning for Big Data: Sampling and Distributed On-Line Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Combettes, Patrick Louis

    Machine-Learning for Big Data: Sampling and Distributed On-Line Algorithms Stéphan Clémençon LTCI variance control: rate faster than n 1/2 3 Convex risk minimization 4 Oracle inequalities #12;Big Data? Big phones, internet, embedded systems, social networks, . . .) · to store and manage Big (and Complex) Data

  12. IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, Special Issue: Big Data 1 Breaking the Curse of Dimensionality using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, Special Issue: Big Data 1 Breaking the Curse of Dimensionality will discuss two promising tools to alleviate this curse when handling big data. First, instead of using full, Special Issue: Big Data 2 paper we show how to use this expertise to manage otherwise unmanageable big

  13. November2012 IU Bloomington Pascal Hitzler Semantic Web and Big Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hitzler, Pascal

    November2012 ­ IU Bloomington ­ Pascal Hitzler Semantic Web and Big Data ­ Opportunities://www.pascal-hitzler.de/ #12;November2012 ­ IU Bloomington ­ Pascal Hitzler 2 Contents · Big Data, Linked Data, Semantic Web · The Big Data Added Value Pipeline · Fragments #12;November2012 ­ IU Bloomington ­ Pascal Hitzler 3 Big

  14. Big Data is Not About the Data! Institute for Quantitative Social Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    Big Data is Not About the Data! Gary King1 Institute for Quantitative Social Science Harvard Value in Big Data: the Analytics 2/10 #12;The Value in Big Data: the Analytics · Data: 2/10 #12;The Value in Big Data: the Analytics · Data: · easy to come by; often a free byproduct of IT improvements 2

  15. Efficient and Customizable Data Partitioning Framework for Distributed Big RDF Data Processing in the Cloud

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Ling

    Efficient and Customizable Data Partitioning Framework for Distributed Big RDF Data Processing}@gatech.edu Abstract--Big data business can leverage and benefit from the Clouds, the most optimized in processing big data in the Clouds is how to effectively partition the big data to ensure efficient

  16. Closing the Loop on Big Data Rob Nowak www.ece.wisc.edu/~nowak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Robert Caiming

    Closing the Loop on Big Data data Rob Nowak www.ece.wisc.edu/~nowak NSF Big Data Workshop March 21, 2013 #12;model space questions /queries "training data" BIG DATA: A Marriage of Machine and Man Human Judgements labeling, annotation, comparisons #12;model space questions /queries "training data" BIG DATA

  17. Big and Small Ideas: How to Lower Solar Financing Costs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE hosted the "Big & Small Ideas: How to Lower Solar Financing Costs" breakout session during the SunShot Grand Challenge Summit and Technology Forum. This session explored a range of...

  18. The seasonality of aerosol properties in Big Bend National Park 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Christopher Lee

    2007-04-25

    ), to characterize the seasonal variability of the Big Bend regions aerosol optical properties. Mass extinction efficiencies and relative humidity scattering enhancement factors were calculated for both externally and internally mixed aerosol populations for all size...

  19. Eliot Feibush leads new Princeton consortium to visualize Big...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Eliot Feibush leads new Princeton consortium to visualize Big Data By John Greenwald April 22, 2015 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook Eliot Feibush (Photo by Elle...

  20. Scalable multi-access flash store for Big Data analytics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jun, Sang-Woo

    2014-01-01

    For many "Big Data" applications, the limiting factor in performance is often the transportation of large amount of data from hard disks to where it can be processed, i.e. DRAM. In this work we examine an architecture for ...

  1. EIS-0377: Big Stone II Power Plant and Transmission Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A systems study was carried out to identify the most appropriate locations to interconnect the proposed Big Stone II power plant to the regional utility grid. The study also identified transmission...

  2. Thoughts About Really Big Computers | Argonne Leadership Computing...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Thoughts About Really Big Computers Event Sponsor: Leadership Facility Seminar Start Date: Jun 30 2015 - 10:30am BuildingRoom: Building 240Room 1407 Location: Argonne National...

  3. Taking Battery Technology from the Lab to the Big City

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A small New York City startup is hoping it has the next big solution in energy storage. A video documents what the company's breakthrough means for the future of grid-scale energy storage.

  4. LiBeB and Big Bang Nucleosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keith A. Olive; Brian D. Fields

    1999-02-20

    The dual origin of population II Li7, in both big bang nucleosynthesis and galactic cosmic-ray nucleosynthesis is discussed. It is argued that with additional Li6 data, stringent limits on the degree of Li7 depletion can be obtained. Li7 depletion is also constrained by the concordance of big bang predictions with observational determinations of light element abundances. Stringent limits can also be obtained for a fixed primordial D/H abundance.

  5. Big Bang or Big Bounce? Professor Paul J. Steinhardt Princeton University

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O OLaura| National2.11DESERTWaterSharingBeyondBang or Big

  6. Fast generation of N-atom Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger state in separate coupled cavities via transitionless quantum driving

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu-Jiang Shan; Ye-Hong Chen; Yan Xia; Jie Song

    2015-05-19

    By jointly using quantum Zeno dynamics and the approach of "transitionless quantum driving (TQD)" proposed by Berry to construct shortcuts to adiabatic passage (STAP), we propose an efficient scheme to fast generate multiatom Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) states in separate cavities connected by opitical fibers only by one-step manipulation. We first detail the generation of the three-atom GHZ states via TQD, then, we compare the proposed TQD scheme with the traditional ones with adiabatic passage. At last, the influence of various decoherence factors, such as spontaneous emission, cavity decay and fiber photon leakage, is discussed by numerical simulations. All the results show that the present TQD scheme is fast and insensitive to atomic spontaneous emission and fiber photon leakage. Furthermore, the scheme can be directly generalized to realize N-atom GHZ states generation by the same principle in theory.

  7. One-step generation of multi-atom Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger states in separate cavities via adiabatic passage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Si-Yang Hao; Yan Xia; Jie Song; Nguyen Ba An

    2013-01-04

    We propose a scheme to deterministically generate Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger states of $N\\geq 3$ atoms trapped in spatially separated cavities connected by optical fibers. The scheme is based on the technique of fractional stimulated Raman adiabatic passage which is one-step in the sense that one needs just wait for the desired entangled state to be generated in the stationary regime. The parametrized shapes of the Rabi frequencies of the classical fields that drive the two end atoms are chosen appropriately to realize the scheme. We also show numerically that the proposed scheme is insensitive to the fluctuations of the pulses' parameters and, at the same time, robust against decoherence caused by the dissipation due to fiber decay. Moreover, a relatively high fidelity can be obtained even in the presence of cavity decay and atomic spontaneous emission.

  8. Exact solutions for the Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet theory in five dimensions: Black holes, wormholes and spacetime horns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gustavo Dotti; Julio Oliva; Ricardo Troncoso

    2007-09-26

    An exhaustive classification of certain class of static solutions for the five-dimensional Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet theory in vacuum is presented. The class of metrics under consideration is such that the spacelike section is a warped product of the real line with a nontrivial base manifold. It is shown that for generic values of the coupling constants the base manifold must be necessarily of constant curvature, and the solution reduces to the topological extension of the Boulware-Deser metric. It is also shown that the base manifold admits a wider class of geometries for the special case when the Gauss-Bonnet coupling is properly tuned in terms of the cosmological and Newton constants. This freedom in the metric at the boundary, which determines the base manifold, allows the existence of three main branches of geometries in the bulk. For negative cosmological constant, if the boundary metric is such that the base manifold is arbitrary, but fixed, the solution describes black holes whose horizon geometry inherits the metric of the base manifold. If the base manifold possesses a negative constant Ricci scalar, two different kinds of wormholes in vacuum are obtained. For base manifolds with vanishing Ricci scalar, a different class of solutions appears resembling "spacetime horns". There is also a special case for which, if the base manifold is of constant curvature, due to certain class of degeneration of the field equations, the metric admits an arbitrary redshift function. For wormholes and spacetime horns, there are regions for which the gravitational and centrifugal forces point towards the same direction. All these solutions have finite Euclidean action, which reduces to the free energy in the case of black holes, and vanishes in the other cases. Their mass is also obtained from a surface integral.

  9. Quasars and the Big Blue Bump

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhaohui Shang; Michael S. Brotherton; Richard F. Green; Gerard A. Kriss; Jennifer Scott; Jessica Kim Quijano; Omer Blaes; Ivan Hubeny; John Hutchings; Mary Elizabeth Kaiser; Anuradha Koratkar; William Oegerle; Wei Zheng

    2004-09-29

    We investigate the ultraviolet-to-optical spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of 17 active galactic nuclei (AGNs) using quasi-simultaneous spectrophotometry spanning 900-9000 Angstrom (rest frame). We employ data from the Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer (FUSE), the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), and the 2.1-meter telescope at Kitt Peak National Observatory (KPNO). Taking advantage of the short-wavelength coverage, we are able to study the so-called "big blue bump," the region where the energy output peaks, in detail. Most objects exhibit a spectral break around 1100 Angstrom. Although this result is formally associated with large uncertainty for some objects, there is strong evidence in the data that the far-ultraviolet spectral region is below the extrapolation of the near-ultraviolet-optical slope, indicating a spectral break around 1100 Angstrom. We compare the behavior of our sample to those of non-LTE thin-disk models covering a range in black-hole mass, Eddington ratio, disk inclination, and other parameters. The distribution of ultraviolet-optical spectral indices redward of the break, and far-ultraviolet indices shortward of the break, are in rough agreement with the models. However, we do not see a correlation between the far-ultraviolet spectral index and the black hole mass, as seen in some accretion disk models. We argue that the observed spectral break is intrinsic to AGNs, although intrinsic reddening as well as Comptonization can strongly affect the far-ultraviolet spectral index. We make our data available online in digital format.

  10. Does Big Oil Collude and Price Gouge? Big Oil came back into the headlines in recent weeks with another spike in gasoline

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    with another spike in gasoline prices and their reported record profits. Some months ago, during the last gasoline price spike, Congress summoned the executives of the Big Oil companies to testify aboutDoes Big Oil Collude and Price Gouge? Big Oil came back into the headlines in recent weeks

  11. 1 Big Data and User Valuation: a Synergistic Combination Big data analytics is the problem of bringing the massive amounts of data produced today down to human

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Big Data and User Valuation: a Synergistic Combination Big data analytics is the problem will require fundamental advances in big data analytics. arXiv Topic Models User Models Predicted Preferences of bringing the massive amounts of data produced today down to human scale. This problem is faced

  12. Rethinking Abstractions for Big Data: Why, Where, How, and What

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mary Hall; Robert M. Kirby; Feifei Li; Miriah Meyer; Valerio Pascucci; Jeff M. Phillips; Rob Ricci; Jacobus Van der Merwe; Suresh Venkatasubramanian

    2013-06-14

    Big data refers to large and complex data sets that, under existing approaches, exceed the capacity and capability of current compute platforms, systems software, analytical tools and human understanding. Numerous lessons on the scalability of big data can already be found in asymptotic analysis of algorithms and from the high-performance computing (HPC) and applications communities. However, scale is only one aspect of current big data trends; fundamentally, current and emerging problems in big data are a result of unprecedented complexity--in the structure of the data and how to analyze it, in dealing with unreliability and redundancy, in addressing the human factors of comprehending complex data sets, in formulating meaningful analyses, and in managing the dense, power-hungry data centers that house big data. The computer science solution to complexity is finding the right abstractions, those that hide as much triviality as possible while revealing the essence of the problem that is being addressed. The "big data challenge" has disrupted computer science by stressing to the very limits the familiar abstractions which define the relevant subfields in data analysis, data management and the underlying parallel systems. As a result, not enough of these challenges are revealed by isolating abstractions in a traditional software stack or standard algorithmic and analytical techniques, and attempts to address complexity either oversimplify or require low-level management of details. The authors believe that the abstractions for big data need to be rethought, and this reorganization needs to evolve and be sustained through continued cross-disciplinary collaboration.

  13. DC power supply for charging of a 12 KV 200 KJ energy storage capacitor battery of a 500 KA pulse system for the magnetic horn and reflectors of the CERN neutrino beam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langeseth, B

    1968-01-01

    DC power supply for charging of a 12 KV 200 KJ energy storage capacitor battery of a 500 KA pulse system for the magnetic horn and reflectors of the CERN neutrino beam

  14. CORRECTIVE ACTION DECISION DOCUMENT/CLOSURE REPORT FOR CORRECTIVE ACTION UNIT 527: HORN SILVER MINE, NEVADA TEST SITE, NEVADA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2004-08-01

    This Corrective Action Decision Document/Closure Report (CADDKR) has been prepared for Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 527: Horn Silver Mine, Nevada Test Site (NTS), Nevada, in accordance with the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (1996). Corrective Action Unit 527 is located within Area 26 of the NTS and consists of CAS 26-20-01, Contaminated Waste Dump No.1. This CADDKR refers to the site as CAU 527 or the Horn Silver Mine (HSM). This CADDKR provides or references the specific information necessary to support the closure of this CAU. Corrective action investigation activities were performed from November 12,2003 through January 21,2004. Additional sampling of liquid obtained from HSM-3 was conducted on May 3,2004. Corrective action investigation activities were performed as set forth in the Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 527 (NNSAiNV, 2002a). Assessment of the data generated from investigation activities identified the explosive nitrobenzene as a contaminant of concern (COC) on the floor of the 500-foot drift (HSM No.2). No other COCs were identified in the rock samples collected during the investigation activities. The air samples collected from borings HSM-1, HSM-2, and HSM-3 showed volatile organic compounds (primarily gasoline-related contaminants) to be present above the acceptable residential exposure criteria in the boreholes. A conservative modeling effort demonstrated that these concentrations would not migrate to the surface at concentrations that will present an unacceptable risk to future land users. However, other COCs are assumed to exist based on historical documentation on the types of waste placed in the shaft; therefore, the mine including the 300- and 500-foot drifts is considered to be contaminated above action levels. Current results of the field investigation show there are no active transport mechanisms or exposure routes for the contaminants identified in the 500-foot drift. The analytical data did not show the migration of COCs beyond the floor of the 500-foot drift or from the air within the drift. On a conservative basis, the subsurface volume of the zone of contamination is limited to a depth from 150 ft to a maximum of 670 feet below ground surface extending to a radius of 300 feet from the mineshaft. Based on these data, a use restriction will be established for this volume of soil. In addition, the security of the mineshaft is maintained and does not allow unauthorized personnel to enter the vicinity of the mineshaft. Since the removal of the contaminants is not feasible, the close in place with administrative controls corrective action alternative is appropriate because it will prevent inadvertent contact with the subsurface COCs and meets all applicable state and federal regulations for closure of the site. Post-closure monitoring will be conducted for one year. This monitoring will include using the lysimeter at HSM-3 and the data logger to measure precipitation-induced vadose zone moisture flow through the rock beneath the waste shaft at the Horn Silver Mine. Results of the monitoring will be documented in a letter report at the end of one year, anticipated in June 2005. A copy of this report will be submitted to the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection. After one year of monitoring, a determination will be made by the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection and U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office if future monitoring is needed or if use restriction boundaries need to be adjusted. If a large enough pulse of water moves into the lysimeter, a sample will he collected for laboratory analysis. If there is not sufficient volume of liquid collected for a sample or if no COCs are detected in collected samples at the end of this time period, it is recommended that the monitoring wells at the HSM be sealed in accordance with the State of Nevada regulations.

  15. 2013 strategic petroleum reserve big hill well integrity grading report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lord, David L.; Roberts, Barry L.; Lord, Anna C. Snider; Bettin, Giorgia; Sobolik, Steven Ronald; Park, Byoung Yoon; Rudeen, David Keith; Eldredge, Lisa; Wynn, Karen; Checkai, Dean; Perry, James Thomas

    2014-02-01

    This report summarizes the work performed in developing a framework for the prioritization of cavern access wells for remediation and monitoring at the Big Hill Strategic Petroleum Reserve site. This framework was then applied to all 28 wells at the Big Hill site with each well receiving a grade for remediation and monitoring. Numerous factors affecting well integrity were incorporated into the grading framework including casing survey results, cavern pressure history, results from geomechanical simulations, and site geologic factors. The framework was developed in a way as to be applicable to all four of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve sites.

  16. Quantum particle production near the big rip revisited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. G. Alvarenga; A. B. Batista; J. C. Fabris; M. J. S. Houndjo

    2009-04-06

    The effect of quantum particle production near the big rip singularity has been investigated previously, with the conclusion that the energy of the produced particle decreases as the future singularity is approached. Hence, the effect of particle production would not be effective to avoid the big rip singularity. That calculation was performed by introducing an ultra-violet cut-off. In the present work we consider a renormalization of the energy-momentum tensor, obtainning a different expression for the particle production. The new expression seems to indicate that the effect of particle production may be dominant as the singularity is approached.

  17. Dirac Fields in Loop Quantum Gravity and Big Bang Nucleosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin Bojowald; Rupam Das; Robert J. Scherrer

    2008-03-19

    Big Bang nucleosynthesis requires a fine balance between equations of state for photons and relativistic fermions. Several corrections to equation of state parameters arise from classical and quantum physics, which are derived here from a canonical perspective. In particular, loop quantum gravity allows one to compute quantum gravity corrections for Maxwell and Dirac fields. Although the classical actions are very different, quantum corrections to the equation of state are remarkably similar. To lowest order, these corrections take the form of an overall expansion-dependent multiplicative factor in the total density. We use these results, along with the predictions of Big Bang nucleosynthesis, to place bounds on these corrections.

  18. Big Creek Hot Springs Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin: EnergyYorkColoradoBelcher HomesBeverly,Lake, California:BigBig

  19. How the Horned Lizard Got Its Horns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brodie III, Edmund D.

    observed in most selection stud- ies ( 0.15) (5) but nonetheless indicate that constant selection, 245 (2001). 7. H. C. Bumpus, Biol. Lect. Wood

  20. EECBG Success Story: Big Savings for Texas City with Energy Monitoring...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Big Savings for Texas City with Energy Monitoring Sensors EECBG Success Story: Big Savings for Texas City with Energy Monitoring Sensors August 19, 2010 - 5:00pm Addthis With more...

  1. OpenMSI: A Science Gateway to Sort Through Bio-Imaging's Big...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    OpenMSI: A Science Gateway to Sort Through Bio-Imaging's Big Datasets OpenMSI: A Science Gateway to Sort Through Bio-Imaging's Big Datasets August 27, 2013 | Tags: Basic Energy...

  2. Big Bang Expansion A textbook example of how observations drive theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Korn, Andreas

    of structure seeds. The cosmic web will later form out of these sedes. #12;II. Observing the CMB Variations WMAP tot = 1 Dark matter: 23% Dark energy (): 73% #12;Big Bang: a self-consistent theory? Big Bang

  3. Small Changes Help Long Island Homeowner Save Big on Energy Costs...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Small Changes Help Long Island Homeowner Save Big on Energy Costs Small Changes Help Long Island Homeowner Save Big on Energy Costs April 16, 2013 - 12:20pm Addthis Located near...

  4. Annual meeting of Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership to be held Oct. 28, 29 | ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ... Annual meeting of Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership to be held ... meeting of the Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership to be held ... science policy and technology of carbon capture and storage (CCS). Panels ...

  5. The Digital Skin of Cities: Urban Theory and Research in the Age of the Sensored and Metered City, Ubiquitous Computing, and Big Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabari, Chirag

    2013-01-01

    2012, September 30). “Big data: Mind the gaps. ” The BostonQuestions for Big Data. Information, Communication &BigQuery – Real-time big data analytics in the cloud [

  6. AutoGrid - Turning Big Data Into Power with the Energy Data Platform and Apps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Narayan, Amit; Dresselhuys, Eric; Kulp, Yann; Buseman, Greg; Piette, Mary Ann; Tang, Andrew; Dailey, Karla; Knudsen, Chris

    2014-03-25

    AutoGrid personnel discuss how they are turning big data into power with the energy data platform and apps.

  7. Pre-big bang scenario and the WZW model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcel Jacon

    2015-06-09

    Extensive studies of pre-big bang scenarios for Bianchi-I type universe have been made, at various approximation levels. Knowing the solution of the equations for the post-big bang universe, the symmetries of the equations (time reversal and scale dual transformations) allow the study of pre-big bang solutions. However, the proposed solutions are unable to explain the actually observed acceleration of the expantion of the universe.Calculating the $\\beta $ equations for the Non-Linear Sigma model, at the first loop approximation and imposing conformal invariance at this level, lead to equations of motion that simply state that the curvature must be nil, which in turn allows the utilization of groups to solve the $\\beta $ equations. This is what is done in the Weiss-Zumino-Witten (WZW) model. In this article, I will show that using the WZW model on $SU_2$, some of the difficulties encountered in the determination of the pre and post big-bang solutions are eliminated. Combining the general results obtained with the $\\Lambda $CDM parameters lead to realistic solutions for the evolution of the universe, giving an explanation to the actually observed acceleration of the expansion in terms ot the dilation field $\\phi $(t).

  8. Hydroliquefaction of Big Brown lignite in supercritical fluids 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Hui

    1996-01-01

    Big Brown lignite was liquefied in a fixed bed tube reactor. Three solvents were used in the liquefaction studies, toluene, cyclohexane and methanol. Two co-solvents, tetralin and water were used with toluene. The effects of the solvents and co...

  9. People's Physics Book Ch 20-1 The Big Ideas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    People's Physics Book Ch 20-1 The Big Ideas Einstein believed that the laws of physics do of physics. In other words, if you are on a moving train and drop a ball or if you are standing on a farm and drop a ball, the physics that describe the motion of that ball will be the same. Einstein realized

  10. SHADING CALCULATIONS FOR THE BIG DISH Jeff Cumpston1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ], building the 'SG4' 500m2 Big Dish solar paraboloidal concentrator for solar-thermal to electric energy into an array of a specific shape with a pre-defined energy transport network was simulated for a site location of the energy transport network pipe length. Results shows that dish separations can be altered to reduce pipe

  11. The State of the Art in Supporting "Big Data"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliva, Aude

    of investigation · Startups in this space · If there is any achilles heel in big data, this is it! #12;10 DBMS Security · Works well -- i.e. I have never heard of the DBMS screwing up in this area. #12;11 Encryption · Can be entrusted to the DBMS -- Appropriate when there are many clients sharing data -- Don't want

  12. Adventures in Transportation from a (Big) Data Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    + Adventures in Transportation from a (Big) Data Perspective Kristin Tufte NEDB Day, Jan 30, 2015 Maseeh College of Engineering and Computer Science #12;+Portal... !Portland-Vancouver Transportation Data Archive ! Policy of Open Data ! Publicly-funded (Thanks to NSF, FHWA, Metro, RTC,TREC) ! Focus on open

  13. The Big Data Newsvendor: Practical Insights from Machine Learning Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rudin, Cynthia

    2013-10-16

    We present a version of the newsvendor problem where one has n observations of p features as well as past demand. We consider both \\big data" (p=n = O(1)) as well as small data (p=n = o(1)). For small data, we provide a ...

  14. The Big Data Newsvendor: Practical Insights from Machine Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rudin, Cynthia

    2014-02-06

    We investigate the newsvendor problem when one has n observations of p features related to the demand as well as past demands. Both small data (p=n = o(1)) and big data (p=n = O(1)) are considered. For both cases, we propose ...

  15. "Machine learning for big data analytics in biomedicine"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    "Machine learning for big data analytics in biomedicine" Yanjun (Jane) Qi Assistant Professor yq2h-learning techniques on important challenges in biomedicine, especially those dealing with enormous data sets. Taking on Data Mining (ICDM) · Y. Qi, et al,(2009) "Systematic prediction of human membrane receptor interactions

  16. People's Physics book Ch 2-1 The Big Idea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    People's Physics book Ch 2-1 The Big Idea Energy is a measure of the amount of, or potential for, dynamical activity in something. The total amount of energy in the universe is always the same universe. A group of things (we'll use the word system) has a certain amount of energy. Energy can be added

  17. BIG BEAR SOLAR OBSERVATORY CENTER FOR SOLAR-TERRESTRIAL RESEARCH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BIG BEAR SOLAR OBSERVATORY CENTER FOR SOLAR-TERRESTRIAL RESEARCH Faculty Position in Solar Physics, New Jersey Institute of Technology A tenure track faculty position in solar physics is available of NJIT's program in solar physics, visit http://solar.njit.edu. Applicants are required to have a Ph

  18. Small Buildings = Big Opportunity for Energy Savings (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-12-01

    Small buildings have a big impact on energy use. In the United States, 44.6 million small buildings consume 44% of the overall energy used in buildings, presenting an enormous opportunity to cut costs, energy use, and greenhouse gas emissions.

  19. Big Bayou Creek and Little Bayou Creek Watershed Monitoring Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kszos, L.A.; Peterson, M.J.; Ryon; Smith, J.G.

    1999-03-01

    Biological monitoring of Little Bayou and Big Bayou creeks, which border the Paducah Site, has been conducted since 1987. Biological monitoring was conducted by University of Kentucky from 1987 to 1991 and by staff of the Environmental Sciences Division (ESD) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) from 1991 through March 1999. In March 1998, renewed Kentucky Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (KPDES) permits were issued to the US Department of Energy (DOE) and US Enrichment Corporation. The renewed DOE permit requires that a watershed monitoring program be developed for the Paducah Site within 90 days of the effective date of the renewed permit. This plan outlines the sampling and analysis that will be conducted for the watershed monitoring program. The objectives of the watershed monitoring are to (1) determine whether discharges from the Paducah Site and the Solid Waste Management Units (SWMUs) associated with the Paducah Site are adversely affecting instream fauna, (2) assess the ecological health of Little Bayou and Big Bayou creeks, (3) assess the degree to which abatement actions ecologically benefit Big Bayou Creek and Little Bayou Creek, (4) provide guidance for remediation, (5) provide an evaluation of changes in potential human health concerns, and (6) provide data which could be used to assess the impact of inadvertent spills or fish kill. According to the cleanup will result in these watersheds [Big Bayou and Little Bayou creeks] achieving compliance with the applicable water quality criteria.

  20. SHADING CALCULATIONS FOR THE BIG DISH Jeff Cumpston1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ], building the 'SG4' 500m2 Big Dish solar paraboloidal concentrator for solar-thermal to electric energy shading fraction in an array of two-axis tracking collectors. Annual shading on the SG4 dish included transport network, these losses may be reduced by closely spacing collectors within the array. Another form

  1. Original article Energy balance storage terms and big-leaf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    for the determination of big leaf forest evapotranspiration are not of the utmost importance. energy storage / deciduous. The available energy is defined as the net radiation (Rn), from which the net change in energy storage within), biomass heat storage (Sv) and photosynthetic energy storage (Sp). Soil heat storage Sg can be further

  2. People's Physics Book Ch 5-1 The Big Idea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    People's Physics Book Ch 5-1 The Big Idea Acceleration is caused by force. All forces come in pairs of two bodies upon each other are always equal, and directed to contrary parts. Key Concepts · An object pairs must obey three rules: they must be of the same type of force, 1 Principia in modern English

  3. YOU MIGHT BE CELEBRATING THE BIG 3-0 IF....

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    YOU MIGHT BE CELEBRATING THE BIG 3-0 IF.... You remember the power-house figures pictured or shine CVHS will be open for family fun, so do come to experience all the amazing Open House activities for a large variety of exotic animal clinical care. You might save a life with your purchase! To partner

  4. Constraints on massive gravity theory from big bang nucleosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Lambiase

    2012-08-27

    The massive gravity cosmology is studied in the scenario of big bang nucleosynthesis. By making use of current bounds on the deviation from the fractional mass, we derive the constraints on the free parameters of the theory. The cosmological consequences of the model are also discussed in the framework of the PAMELA experiment.

  5. Long Lived Charged Massive Particles and Big Bang Nucleosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kazunori Kohri; Fumihiro Takayama

    2006-11-06

    We consider Big Bang Nucleosynthesis(BBN) with long lived charged massive particles. Before decaying, the long lived massive particles recombines with a light element to form a bound state like a hydrogen atom. We discuss the possible change of primordial light element abundances due to formations of such bound states.

  6. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Big dams and salmon evolution: changes in thermal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angilletta, Michael

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Big dams and salmon evolution: changes in thermal regimes and their potential (Oncorhynchus spp.) across portions of their natural range, dams have arguably played a major role in many locations (NRC 1996; Lichatowich 1999; Ruckelshaus et al. 2002). Large dams (>15 m tall)­ designed

  7. Neutrino energy transport in weak decoupling and big bang nucleosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grohs, E; Kishimoto, C T; Paris, M W; Vlasenko, A

    2015-01-01

    We calculate the evolution of the early universe through the epochs of weak decoupling, weak freeze-out and big bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) by simultaneously coupling a full strong, electromagnetic, and weak nuclear reaction network with a multi-energy group Boltzmann neutrino energy transport scheme. Such an approach allows a detailed accounting of the evolution of the $\

  8. Data Aware Caching for Big-Data Applications Using MapReduce

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jie

    Data Aware Caching for Big-Data Applications Using MapReduce Yaxiong Zhao, Jie Wu #12;Outline · MapReduce and big-data · Cache description · Protocol ­ Relationship between job types and cache organization · Conclusion #12;Outline · MapReduce and big-data · Cache description · Protocol ­ Cache request and reply

  9. Representative Subsets For Big Data Learning using k-NN Graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Representative Subsets For Big Data Learning using k-NN Graphs Raghvendra Mall, Vilen Jumutc, Rocco a deterministic method to obtain subsets from big data which are a good representative of the inherent structure a subset for this big data network. The FURS selection technique selects nodes from different dense regions

  10. CloudVista: Interactive and Economical Visual Cluster Analysis for Big Data in the Cloud

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CloudVista: Interactive and Economical Visual Cluster Analysis for Big Data in the Cloud Huiqi Xu Analysis of big data has become an important problem for many business and scientific applications, among which clustering and visualizing clusters in big data raise some unique challenges. This demonstration

  11. Preface: Big Data Is Not About The Data! 1 Gary King 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    Preface: Big Data Is Not About The Data! 1 Gary King 2 Institute for Quantitative Social Science to it. Now "Big Data" is what you and I do. As trivial as this change sounds, we should be grateful is about. Throughout, we need to remember that for the most part, Big Data is not about the data. Data

  12. Recent Advances in Autonomic Provisioning of Big Data Applications on Clouds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Xian-He

    Recent Advances in Autonomic Provisioning of Big Data Applications on Clouds Rajiv Ranjan, Lizhe for the user, which just pays for the used services. Big Data [2], [3], [4], [5] applications has become a com, medical imaging, and the like. The "BigData" problem, which is defined as the practice of collecting

  13. Crowdsourcing Semantics for Big Data in Geoscience Applications Tom Narock1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hitzler, Pascal

    Crowdsourcing Semantics for Big Data in Geoscience Applications Tom Narock1 and Pascal Hitzler 1 the potential to overcome some of the issues currently surrounding Big Data. Semantic technologies, and complexity of data sources ­ the very definition of Big Data. Yet, for some tasks, semantic algorithms do

  14. Towards an Understanding of Facets and Exemplars of Big Data Applications Geoffrey C.Fox1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Towards an Understanding of Facets and Exemplars of Big Data Applications Geoffrey C.Fox1 Big Data applications from a variety of research and commercial areas and suggest a set Big Data properties, and then to understand applications with those properties. There are many

  15. Scalable Euclidean Embedding for Big Data Zohreh Alavi, Sagar Sharma, Lu Zhou, Keke Chen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scalable Euclidean Embedding for Big Data Zohreh Alavi, Sagar Sharma, Lu Zhou, Keke Chen Data is critical to many visualization techniques. At big-data scale, these algorithms need to be scalable affecting the algorithms are important research problems for visually analyzing big data. We propose

  16. A Cost-Benefit Analysis of Indexing Big Data with Map-Reduce

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arampatzis, Avi

    A Cost-Benefit Analysis of Indexing Big Data with Map-Reduce Dimitrios Siafarikas Argyrios@ee.duth.gr Abstract--We reflect upon the challenge a Big Data analyst faces when dealing with the complex problem the system we developed works. Keywords: Information Retrieval, Big Data, Data Mining, Cluster, Inverted

  17. Principles of Software-defined Elastic Systems for Big Data Analytics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dustdar, Schahram

    Principles of Software-defined Elastic Systems for Big Data Analytics Hong-Linh Truong, Schahram}@dsg.tuwien.ac.at Abstract Techniques for big data analytics should support principles of elasticity that are inherent characteristics of big data described through the "four V's of volume, variety, velocity and veracity" [1] have

  18. Becoming data-savvy in a big-data world Meng Xu and Seung Yon Rhee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Becoming data-savvy in a big-data world Meng Xu and Seung Yon Rhee Carnegie Institution for Science analysis. Big data analysis Advances in digital, information, and communications technologies generate enormous amounts of data ­ coined big data ­ in all sectors of our society [The Economist (2010) http

  19. Data Locality-Aware Query Evaluation for Big Data Analytics in Distributed Clouds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Weifa

    Data Locality-Aware Query Evaluation for Big Data Analytics in Distributed Clouds Qiufen Xia, Weifa. Such data referred to as big data now becomes an invaluable asset to many businesses or organizations, as it can be used to identify business advantages by helping them make their strategic decisions. Big data

  20. When Private Set Intersection Meets Big Data: An Efficient and Scalable Protocol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    When Private Set Intersection Meets Big Data: An Efficient and Scalable Protocol Changyu Dong1 to scale up smoothly when data being protected is big. Efficiency and scalability become critical criteria for privacy preserving protocols in the age of Big Data. In this paper, we present a new Private Set

  1. Querying Big Data: Bridging Theory and Practice Wenfei Fana,b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fan, Wenfei

    Querying Big Data: Bridging Theory and Practice Wenfei Fana,b , Jinpeng Huaib aInternational Research Center on Big Data, Beihang University, Beijing, No.37 XueYuan Road, 100083, Beijing, China Abstract Big data introduces challenges to query answering, from theory to practice. A number of questions

  2. Big Data: A Foundational Explanation Michael J. Sal, Richard J. Barilla, Steven Lindo, and Sam Elnagdy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tappert, Charles

    D6.1 Big Data: A Foundational Explanation Michael J. Salé, Richard J. Barilla, Steven Lindo for the science and practice of Big Data analytics. So long as innovations in data processing and storage capabilities continue, Big Data models and the technologies that enable them will also continue to evolve

  3. Genetic Algorithm based Data-aware Group Scheduling for Big Data Clouds Raghavendra Kune1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buyya, Rajkumar

    Genetic Algorithm based Data-aware Group Scheduling for Big Data Clouds Raghavendra Kune1 , Pramod on demand. Big Data Clouds is a new generation data analytics platform using Cloud computing as a back end and empirical tools. MapReduce scheduling models for Big Data computing operate in the cluster mode, where

  4. Bayes and Big Data: The Consensus Monte Carlo Algorithm Steven L. Scott1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    Bayes and Big Data: The Consensus Monte Carlo Algorithm Steven L. Scott1 , Alexander W. Blocker1 of Business October 31, 2013 Abstract A useful definition of "big data" is data that is too big to comfortably by splitting data across multiple machines. Communication between large numbers of machines is expensive

  5. Big Data Storytelling through Interactive Maps Jayant Madhavan, Sreeram Balakrishnan, Kathryn Brisbin, Hector Gonzalez, Nitin Gupta,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    Big Data Storytelling through Interactive Maps Jayant Madhavan, Sreeram Balakrishnan, Kathryn) brings big data collaboration and visualization to data-experts who possess neither large data high-profile stories. 1 Introduction Much of the current excitement about Big Data refers to performing

  6. On Interference-aware Provisioning for Cloud-based Big Data Processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Jiangchuan (JC)

    On Interference-aware Provisioning for Cloud-based Big Data Processing Yi YUAN, Haiyang WANG, Dan--Recent advances in cloud-based big data analysis offers a convenient mean for providing an elastic and cost and IBM deploy various of big data systems on their cloud platforms, aiming to occupy the huge market

  7. A System Architecture for Running Big Data Workflows in the Cloud Andrey Kashlev, Shiyong Lu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Shiyong

    A System Architecture for Running Big Data Workflows in the Cloud Andrey Kashlev, Shiyong Lu management systems (SWFMSs) to utilize the power of Cloud computing to perform big data analyses. Unlike by running a big data workflow in Amazon EC2, FutureGrid Eucalyptus and OpenStack clouds. From

  8. Evaluating Corpora Documentation with regards to the Ethics and Big Data Charter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evaluating Corpora Documentation with regards to the Ethics and Big Data Charter Alain Couillault.de-mazancourt@eptica.com Abstract The authors have written the Ethics and Big Data Charter in collaboration with various agencies to show the benefit it offers. Keywords: language resources, ethics, documentation, big data. 1

  9. The Trento Big Data Platform for Public Administration and Large Companies: Use cases and Opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Velegrakis, Yannis

    The Trento Big Data Platform for Public Administration and Large Companies: Use cases in the Trentino territory for the collection, cleaning, integration and analysis of BigData. 2. BIGDATA PLATFORM Making the data public has no value if none can actually access, study and use that data. The BigData

  10. SLA-aware Provisioning and Scheduling of Cloud Resources for Big Data Analytics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buyya, Rajkumar

    SLA-aware Provisioning and Scheduling of Cloud Resources for Big Data Analytics Mohammed Alrokayan and traditional data management system could not keep up to scale of Big Data. They have to either invest heavily on their infrastructure or move their Big Data analytics to Cloud where they can benefit from both on-demand scalability

  11. Big data from small data: data-sharing in the 'long tail' of neuroscience.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferguson, Adam R; Nielson, Jessica L; Cragin, Melissa H; Bandrowski, Anita E; Martone, Maryann E

    2014-01-01

    F O C U S O N B I G D ATA Big data from small data: data-small data sources into big data for improved knowledgeo mm e n ta r y Organized big data Data size Long-tail data

  12. Big Data Retour vers le Futur -3 -De Statisticien Data Scientist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Besse, Philippe

    Big Data ­ Retour vers le Futur - 3 - De Statisticien à Data Scientist Philippe Besse Aurélien ; statistical learning ; big data. Université de Toulouse ­ INSA, Institut de Mathématiques, UMR CNRS 5219 omiques la décennie suivante ; ­ avènement récent et très médiatisé du big data. Nous terminons en

  13. Big Data Use Cases and Requirements GEOFFREY FOX, Indiana University, School of Informatics and Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Big Data Use Cases and Requirements GEOFFREY FOX, Indiana University, School of Informatics and Computing Co-Chair, Use Cases & Requirements Subgroup, NIST Big Data Public Working Group WO CHANG, National Institute of Standards and Technologies Co-Chair, NIST Big Data Public Working Group Abstract We formed

  14. Handling Big Dimensions in Distributed Data Warehouses using the DWS Technique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Il-Yeol

    Handling Big Dimensions in Distributed Data Warehouses using the DWS Technique Marco Costa Critical tables creates a limitation to the applicability of the DWS technique to data warehouses with big is also common in big data warehouses [7]. Two types of parallelism can be explored at the query level

  15. The Big Picture Multisets Sets One Last Word A Tiny Introduction to Group Arithmetic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ponomarenko, Vadim

    The Big Picture Multisets Sets One Last Word A Tiny Introduction to Group Arithmetic past University July 3, 2008 http://www-rohan.sdsu.edu/vadim/arithmetic.pdf #12;The Big Picture Multisets Sets One of S. "Sequence"=Multiset #12;The Big Picture Multisets Sets One Last Word the basic problem Let G

  16. PHYSICAL REVIEW C 83, 018801 (2011) Electron screening and its effects on big-bang nucleosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

    2011-01-01

    PHYSICAL REVIEW C 83, 018801 (2011) Electron screening and its effects on big-bang nucleosynthesis screening on nuclear reaction rates occurring during the big-bang nucleosynthesis epoch. The sensitivity. This work rules out electron screening as a relevant ingredient to big-bang nucleosynthesis, confirming

  17. 2013 Mark S. Fox City Data: Big, Open and Linked 1 City Data: Big, Open and Linked

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Yu

    is their "grease disposal" compliance program1 . 61% of all sewer backups are caused by improperly disposed of restaurant grease. The city combined sewer data, grease hauling licenses data and grease producer data sources of grease entering the sewer system. Big Data is the buzzword du jour. It is rare to read

  18. Challenges and Opportunities with Big Data A community white paper developed by leading researchers across the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Challenges and Opportunities with Big Data A community white paper developed by leading researchers recognized broadly, and there is growing enthusiasm for the notion of ``Big Data.'' While the promise of Big, scale, timeliness, complexity, and privacy problems with Big Data impede progress at all phases

  19. StratOS: A Big Data Framework for Scientific Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stickley, Nathaniel R

    2015-01-01

    We introduce StratOS, a Big Data platform for general computing that allows a datacenter to be treated as a single computer. With StratOS, the process of writing a massively parallel program for a datacenter is no more complicated than writing a Python script for a desktop computer. Users can run pre-existing analysis software on data distributed over thousands of machines with just a few keystrokes. This greatly reduces the time required to develop distributed data analysis pipelines. The platform is built upon industry-standard, open-source Big Data technologies, from which it inherits fast data throughput and fault tolerance. StratOS enhances these technologies by adding an intuitive user interface, automated task monitoring, and other usability features.

  20. Big Bang Day: 5 Particles - 3. The Anti-particle

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25

    Simon Singh looks at the stories behind the discovery of 5 of the universe's most significant subatomic particles: the Electron, the Quark, the Anti-particle, the Neutrino and the "next particle". 3. The Anti-particle. It appears to be the stuff of science fiction. Associated with every elementary particle is an antiparticle which has the same mass and opposite charge. Should the two meet and combine, the result is annihilation - and a flash of light. Thanks to mysterious processes that occurred after the Big Bang there are a vastly greater number of particles than anti-particles. So how could their elusive existence be proved? At CERN particle physicists are crashing together subatomic particles at incredibly high speeds to create antimatter, which they hope will finally reveal what happened at the precise moment of the Big Bang to create the repertoire of elementary particles and antiparticles in existence today.

  1. Big-Bang Nucleosynthesis verifies classical Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Q. Hou; J. J. He; A. Parikh; K. Daid; C. Bertulani

    2014-08-15

    We provide the most stringent constraint to date on possible deviations from the usually-assumed Maxwell-Boltzmann (MB) velocity distribution for nuclei in the Big-Bang plasma. The impact of non-extensive Tsallis statistics on thermonuclear reaction rates involved in standard models of Big-Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) has been investigated. We find that the non-extensive parameter $q$ may deviate by, at most, $|\\delta q|$=6$\\times$10$^{-4}$ from unity for BBN predictions to be consistent with observed primordial abundances; $q$=1 represents the classical Boltzmann-Gibbs statistics. This constraint arises primarily from the {\\em super}sensitivity of endothermic rates on the value of $q$, which is found for the first time. As such, the implications of non-extensive statistics in other astrophysical environments should be explored. This may offer new insight into the nucleosynthesis of heavy elements.

  2. Big data for ecologists: Highlighting the ORNL DAAC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boyer, Alison G [ORNL] [ORNL; Cook, Robert B [ORNL] [ORNL; Devarakonda, Ranjeet [ORNL] [ORNL; Eby, Pete I [ORNL] [ORNL; Thornton, Michele M [ORNL] [ORNL; Thornton, Peter E [ORNL] [ORNL; SanthanaVannan, Suresh K [ORNL] [ORNL; Virdi, Makhan L [ORNL] [ORNL; Wei, Yaxing [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01

    Ecologists are increasingly confronted by questions that can be addressed only by integrating data from numerous sources, often across large geographic areas and broad time periods. The supply of ecological big data is increasing at a rapid pace as researchers are publishing their data sets and large, public science and data infrastructures (such as NEON, DataONE, LTER, & NCEAS) are producing and curating extensive volumes of complex data and metadata. While supply of, and demand for, ecological data is on the rise, many ecologists now face a new challenge in locating and synthesizing the data relevant for their particular question. Here we highlight selected popular big data products applicable to ecological research available from the NASA Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC) located at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL).

  3. Quantization of Big Bang in crypto-Hermitian Heisenberg picture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Znojil, Miloslav

    2015-01-01

    A background-independent quantization of the Universe near its Big Bang singularity is considered using a drastically simplified toy model. Several conceptual issues are addressed. (1) The observable spatial-geometry characteristics of our empty-space expanding Universe is sampled by the time-dependent operator $Q=Q(t)$ of the distance between two space-attached observers (``Alice and Bob''). (2) For any pre-selected guess of the simple, non-covariant time-dependent observable $Q(t)$ one of the Kato's exceptional points (viz., $t=\\tau_{(EP)}$) is postulated {\\em real-valued}. This enables us to treat it as the time of Big Bang. (3) During our ``Eon'' (i.e., at all $t>\\tau_{(EP)}$) the observability status of operator $Q(t)$ is mathematically guaranteed by its self-adjoint nature with respect to an {\\em ad hoc} Hilbert-space metric $\\Theta(t) \

  4. BIG BANG NUCLEOSYNTHESIS WITH A NON-MAXWELLIAN DISTRIBUTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bertulani, C. A. [GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung, D-64291 Darmstadt (Germany)] [GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung, D-64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Fuqua, J. [Texas A and M University-Commerce, Commerce, TX 75429-3011 (United States)] [Texas A and M University-Commerce, Commerce, TX 75429-3011 (United States); Hussein, M. S. [Instituto de Estudos Avancados, Universidade de Sao Paulo, C.P. 72.012, 05508-970 Sao Paulo (Brazil)] [Instituto de Estudos Avancados, Universidade de Sao Paulo, C.P. 72.012, 05508-970 Sao Paulo (Brazil)

    2013-04-10

    The abundances of light elements based on the big bang nucleosynthesis model are calculated using the Tsallis non-extensive statistics. The impact of the variation of the non-extensive parameter q from the unity value is compared to observations and to the abundance yields from the standard big bang model. We find large differences between the reaction rates and the abundance of light elements calculated with the extensive and the non-extensive statistics. We found that the observations are consistent with a non-extensive parameter q = 1{sub -} {sub 0.12}{sup +0.05}, indicating that a large deviation from the Boltzmann-Gibbs statistics (q = 1) is highly unlikely.

  5. Electron screening and its effects on big-bang nucleosynthesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang Biao; Bertulani, C. A.; Balantekin, A. B. [Department of Physics, Texas A and M University, Commerce, Texas 75429 (United States); Physics Department, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1150 University Avenue, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States)

    2011-01-15

    We study the effects of electron screening on nuclear reaction rates occurring during the big-bang nucleosynthesis epoch. The sensitivity of the predicted elemental abundances on electron screening is studied in detail. It is shown that electron screening does not produce noticeable results in the abundances unless the traditional Debye-Hueckel model for the treatment of electron screening in stellar environments is enhanced by several orders of magnitude. This work rules out electron screening as a relevant ingredient to big-bang nucleosynthesis, confirming a previous study [see Itoh et al., Astrophys. J. 488, 507 (1997)] and ruling out exotic possibilities for the treatment of screening beyond the mean-field theoretical approach.

  6. 2002 ORNL Story Tips | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2 2002 ORNL Story Tips 1-10 of 16 Results Prev 12 Next Robotics - Easing the warrior's load December 01, 2002 - Soldiers, the elderly and handicapped alike will get a big assist...

  7. Brawny Wimpy Brawny Investigates the efficiency of executing Big Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teo, Yong-Meng

    Preliminary Results 4 Big Data is everywhere NVIDIA GPUs become energy-efficient Efficiency Execution time Energy - Performance-to-power Ratio (PPR) - Energy-delay Product (EDP) Approach Summary5 GPU Technology Frequency 1.60 - 3.40 GHz 0.05 - 1.40 GHz Cache 32kB L1, 256kB L2, 8MB L3 32kB L1, 1MB L2 Memory 8GB DDR3 2

  8. Possible evidence for "dark radiation" from Big Bang Nucleosynthesis Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. V. Flambaum; E. V. Shuryak

    2006-02-06

    We address the emerging discrepancy between the Big Bang Nucleosynthesis data and standard cosmology, which asks for a bit longer evolution time. If this effect is real, one possible implication (in a framework of brane cosmology model) is that there is a ``dark radiation'' component which is negative and makes few percents of ordinary matter density. If so, all scales of this model can be fixed, provided brane-to-bulk leakage problem is solved.

  9. Supernova bangs as a tool to study big bang

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blinnikov, S. I., E-mail: Sergei.Blinnikov@itep.ru [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Russian Federation)

    2012-09-15

    Supernovae and gamma-ray bursts are the most powerful explosions in observed Universe. This educational review tells about supernovae and their applications in cosmology. It is explained how to understand the production of light in the most luminous events with minimum required energy of explosion. These most luminous phenomena can serve as primary cosmological distance indicators. Comparing the observed distance dependence on red shift with theoretical models one can extract information on evolution of the Universe from Big Bang until our epoch.

  10. Constraints on massive gravity theory from big bang nucleosynthesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lambiase, G., E-mail: lambiase@sa.infn.it [Dipartimento di Fisica 'E. R.Caianiello', Università di Salerno, 84081 Baronissi (Italy)

    2012-10-01

    The massive gravity cosmology is studied in the scenario of big bang nucleosynthesis. By making use of current bounds on the deviation from the fractional mass, we derive the constraints on the free parameters of the theory. The cosmological consequences of the model are also analyzed in the framework of the PAMELA experiment, i.e. an excess of positron events, that the conventional cosmology and particle physics cannot explain.

  11. Constraining Big Bang lithium production with recent solar neutrino data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takács, Marcell P; Szücs, Tamás; Zuber, Kai

    2015-01-01

    The 3He({\\alpha},{\\gamma})7Be reaction affects not only the production of 7Li in Big Bang nucleosynthesis, but also the fluxes of 7Be and 8B neutrinos from the Sun. This double role is exploited here to constrain the former by the latter. A number of recent experiments on 3He({\\alpha},{\\gamma})7Be provide precise cross section data at E = 0.5-1.0 MeV center-of-mass energy. However, there is a scarcity of precise data at Big Bang energies, 0.1-0.5 MeV, and below. This problem can be alleviated, based on precisely calibrated 7Be and 8B neutrino fluxes from the Sun that are now available, assuming the neutrino flavour oscillation framework to be correct. These fluxes and the standard solar model are used here to determine the 3He(alpha,gamma)7Be astrophysical S-factor at the solar Gamow peak, S(23+6-5 keV) = 0.548+/-0.054 keVb. This new data point is then included in a re-evaluation of the 3He({\\alpha},{\\gamma})7Be S-factor at Big Bang energies, following an approach recently developed for this reaction in the c...

  12. Geospatial Big Data Handling Theory and Methods: A Review and Research Challenges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, S; Anton, F; Sester, M; Winter, S; Coltekin, A; Pettit, C; Jiang, B; Haworth, J; Stein, A; Cheng, T

    2015-01-01

    Big data has now become a strong focus of global interest that is increasingly attracting the attention of academia, industry, government and other organizations. Big data can be situated in the disciplinary area of traditional geospatial data handling theory and methods. The increasing volume and varying format of collected geospatial big data presents challenges in storing, managing, processing, analyzing, visualizing and verifying the quality of data. This has implications for the quality of decisions made with big data. Consequently, this position paper of the International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS) Technical Commission II (TC II) revisits the existing geospatial data handling methods and theories to determine if they are still capable of handling emerging geospatial big data. Further, the paper synthesises problems, major issues and challenges with current developments as well as recommending what needs to be developed further in the near future. Keywords: Big data, Geospatial...

  13. C-CAMP BIRAC-BIG 1st CALL ENTREPRENEUR VALEDICTORY MENTORING PROGRAMME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhalla, Upinder S.

    .05: Introductions 7.05 ­ 7.35: 5 minute Presentations by BIG Grantees o Achira Labs o Codon Biosciences o Pandorum.30 ­ 1.00 pm: Presentations by BIG Grantees 15 mins each followed by 15 mins of interactions Scientific.30: Vikas Mehra 12.30 ­ 1.00: Sea6 Energy 1.00 ­ 2.00: Lunch 2.00 ­ 3.30: Presentations by BIG Grantees (con

  14. Van Horn folio, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, G. B. (George Burr), 1872-1949.

    1914-01-01

    7 acres, 2009 ? City purchased 23 acres, 2010 ? Demolition began in Sept. 2011 ? Sun Metro will begin construction of the Northgate Transfer Center, 2012 ? Dover Kohl TOD report pending approval in 2011 ? RFI for public/private partnership...

  15. Interview of Gabriel Horn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horn, Gabriel

    2008-06-17

    heard about from Bill Thorpe at the Thorpe-Zangwill club; in animals, they give a response to a novel stimulus but if not rewarded with food, for example, they don't respond; I suddenly realized that we were dealing with a nerve neural counterpart... in 1965 before I went to Makerere; when I came back we began to think of ways of dealing with that problem; on the habituation front, I went on to study it in the insect brain and work out its characteristics and a year after Dick Hill and I published...

  16. RE-SCHEDULED FROM JAN 22 TO JAN 28 - COLLOQUIUM: Addressing Big...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Colloquia MBG Auditorium RE-SCHEDULED FROM JAN 22 TO JAN 28 - COLLOQUIUM: Addressing Big Data Challenges in Simulation-based Science Professor Manish Parashar Rutgers...

  17. A Simple/Short Introduction to Pre-Big-Bang Physics/Cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Veneziano

    1998-03-02

    A simple, non-technical introduction to the pre-big bang scenario is given, emphasizing physical motivations, considerations, and consequences over formalism.

  18. Science DMZ-Based Big-Science Pacific Research Platform Debuts...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science DMZ-Based Big-Science Pacific Research Platform Debuts at CENIC 2015 Annual Conference News & Publications ESnet News Media & Press Publications and Presentations Galleries...

  19. Big & Small Ideas: How to Lower Costs of Project Finance to achieve...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ssgrandchallengefinancearfin.pdf More Documents & Publications Finance Idol Word Cloud Developing Big and Small Ideas: How Can We Lower the Costs of Project Finance to...

  20. Reactor Vessel Removal: Improving Performance Big Rock Point Lessons Learned

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daly, P.T. [BNG America, D and D Operations, 804 South Illinois Avenue, Oak Ridge, TN 37830 (United States)

    2006-07-01

    The Big Rock Point (BRP) reactor vessel was successfully removed, packaged in a Type B shipping container, transported, and buried. The process took almost 4 years of work by many people and a variety of companies. This paper will discuss several areas that can reduce schedule time, resulting in reduced cost and employee dose exposure. For maximum cost effectiveness, these lessons should be applied during the planning stages when developing baseline cost and schedule, As Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA) budgets, and work processes. (authors)

  1. EIS-0315: Caithness Big Sandy Project, Wikieup, AZ

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EIS analyzes DOE's decision to approve Big Sandy Energy to interconnect a proposed 720-MW generating facility near Wikieup, Ariz., with the Mead-Phoenix Project 500-kV transmission line. The powerplant plan includes a proposed high-pressure natural gas pipeline, permanent access road and water pipelines that would cross BLM-administered land. Because the project could 'significantly affect the quality of the human environment,' studies must be done to identify environmental effects. WAPA is partnering with the Bureau of Land Management in Kingman on this project. BLM and Western have delayed issuing the Supplemental Draft EIS at the request of the applicant, Caithness Energy."

  2. Tachyon cosmology, supernovae data and the Big Brake singularity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Z. Keresztes; L. Á. Gergely; V. Gorini; U. Moschella; A. Yu. Kamenshchik

    2009-04-21

    We compare the existing observational data on type Ia Supernovae with the evolutions of the universe predicted by a one-parameter family of tachyon models which we have introduced recently in paper \\cite{we-tach}. Among the set of the trajectories of the model which are compatible with the data there is a consistent subset for which the universe ends up in a new type of soft cosmological singularity dubbed Big Brake. This opens up yet another scenario for the future history of the universe besides the one predicted by the standard $\\Lambda$CDM model.

  3. Quantum support vector machine for big data classification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrick Rebentrost; Masoud Mohseni; Seth Lloyd

    2014-07-10

    Supervised machine learning is the classification of new data based on already classified training examples. In this work, we show that the support vector machine, an optimized binary classifier, can be implemented on a quantum computer, with complexity logarithmic in the size of the vectors and the number of training examples. In cases when classical sampling algorithms require polynomial time, an exponential speed-up is obtained. At the core of this quantum big data algorithm is a non-sparse matrix exponentiation technique for efficiently performing a matrix inversion of the training data inner-product (kernel) matrix.

  4. Constraints on Light Dark Matter from Big Bang Nucleosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brian Henning; Hitoshi Murayama

    2012-05-29

    We examine the effects of relic dark matter annihilations on big bang nucleosynthesis (BBN). The magnitude of these effects have scale simply with the dark matter mass and annihilation cross-section, which we derive. Estimates based on these scaling behaviors indicate that BBN severely constrains hadronic and radiative dark matter annihilation channels in the previously unconsidered dark matter mass region MeV $\\lesssim m_{\\chi} \\lesssim 10$ GeV. Interestingly, we find that BBN constraints on hadronic annihilation channels are competitive with similar bounds derived from the cosmic microwave background.

  5. Big bang nucleosynthesis as a probe of fundamental "constants"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Dent; Steffen Stern

    2007-10-25

    Big Bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) is the earliest sensitive probe of the values of many fundamental particle physics parameters. We have found the leading linear dependences of primordial abundances on all relevant parameters of the standard BBN code, including binding energies and nuclear reaction rates. This enables us to set limits on possible variations of fundamental parameters. We find that 7Li is expected to be significantly more sensitive than other species to many fundamental parameters, a result which also holds for variations of coupling strengths in grand unified (GUT) models. Our work also indicates which areas of nuclear theory need further development if the values of ``constants'' are to be more accurately probed.

  6. Big Sky Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership--Validation Phase

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O OLaura| National2.11DESERTWaterSharingBeyondBang orBigProgram

  7. Nonprofits create big economic impact in northern New Mexico

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shinesSolarNew scholarshipThreeFebruary 2015NikkiBig

  8. BIG SUN Energy Technology Incorporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAandAmminex AAustria Geothermal RegionAvraPáginasSolarBBBFCLands |BIG SUN

  9. Big Flats, Wisconsin: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental JumpInformation BeaufortBentMichigan:Greece)Daddy s Biodiesel Inc JumpBig Flats,

  10. Big Windy Hot Springs Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental JumpInformation BeaufortBentMichigan:Greece)Daddy s BiodieselSky,Big Windy Hot

  11. Big Bend Hot Springs Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin: EnergyYorkColoradoBelcher HomesBeverly,Lake, California:Big Bend

  12. Big Rapids, Michigan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin: EnergyYorkColoradoBelcher HomesBeverly,Lake,GeysersBig

  13. Big River, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin: EnergyYorkColoradoBelcher HomesBeverly,Lake,GeysersBigRiver,

  14. Big Green Bus: A Vehicle for Change | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a l De p uBUSEnergy|| Department ofBuildings,Beverly RamseyThe Big

  15. Laboratory's Season of Giving was a big success

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResourcelogo and masthead BerkeleySiteSeason of Giving big

  16. Big Savings on Outdoor Lighting | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels DataEnergy Webinar:I DueBETO Quiz -Technologies forBig Savings on Outdoor

  17. Big Entropy Fluctuations in Statistical Equilibrium: The Macroscopic Kinetics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. V. Chirikov; O. V. Zhirov

    2000-10-31

    Large entropy fluctuations in an equilibrium steady state of classical mechanics were studied in extensive numerical experiments on a simple 2--freedom strongly chaotic Hamiltonian model described by the modified Arnold cat map. The rise and fall of a large separated fluctuation was shown to be described by the (regular and stable) "macroscopic" kinetics both fast (ballistic) and slow (diffusive). We abandoned a vague problem of "appropriate" initial conditions by observing (in a long run)spontaneous birth and death of arbitrarily big fluctuations for any initial state of our dynamical model. Statistics of the infinite chain of fluctuations, reminiscent to the Poincar\\'e recurrences, was shown to be Poissonian. A simple empirical relation for the mean period between the fluctuations (Poincar\\'e "cycle") has been found and confirmed in numerical experiments. A new representation of the entropy via the variance of only a few trajectories ("particles") is proposed which greatly facilitates the computation, being at the same time fairly accurate for big fluctuations. The relation of our results to a long standing debates over statistical "irreversibility" and the "time arrow" is briefly discussed too.

  18. Primordial Lithium Abundance in Catalyzed Big Bang Nucleosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chris Bird; Kristen Koopmans; Maxim Pospelov

    2008-05-19

    There exists a well known problem with the Li7+Be7 abundance predicted by standard big bang nucleosynthesis being larger than the value observed in population II stars. The catalysis of big bang nucleosynthesis by metastable, \\tau_X \\ge 10^3 sec, charged particles X^- is capable of suppressing the primordial Li7+Be7, abundance and making it consistent with the observations. We show that to produce the correct abundance, this mechanism of suppression places a requirement on the initial abundance of X^- at temperatures of 4\\times 10^8 K to be on the order of or larger than 0.02 per baryon, which is within the natural range of abundances in models with metastable electroweak-scale particles. The suppression of Li7+Be7, is triggered by the formation of (Be7X^-), compound nuclei, with fast depletion of their abundances by catalyzed proton reactions, and in some models by direct capture of X^- on Be7. The combination of Li7+Be7 and Li6 constraints favours the window of lifetimes, 1000s \\la tau_X \\leq 2000 s.

  19. HoustonChronicle.com -Tiny honor a big deal for algae scientist HoustonChronicle.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeong, Hae Jin

    HoustonChronicle.com - Tiny honor a big deal for algae scientist HoustonChronicle. com Section-mail this story June 18, 2005, 5:48PM Tiny honor a big deal for algae scientist By DAVID A. FAHRENTHOLD Washington Post Sometimes, algae can be the highest form of flattery. ADVERTISEMENTSo it was for Diane K. Stoecker

  20. Yale's Environment School Power Plants Big Influence in Regional Mercury Emissions Introduction Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Xuhui

    Yale's Environment School · Power Plants Big Influence in Regional Mercury Emissions Introduction Power Plants Big Influence in Regional Mercury Emissions Related Topics: News Releases; Publications winters and a correspondent decrease in the need for regional power plants to burn coal could partially

  1. Beyond Myopic Inference in Big Data Pipelines Karthik Raman, Adith Swaminathan, Johannes Gehrke, Thorsten Joachims

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joachims, Thorsten

    Beyond Myopic Inference in Big Data Pipelines Karthik Raman, Adith Swaminathan, Johannes Gehrke,adith,johannes,tj}@cs.cornell.edu ABSTRACT Big Data Pipelines decompose complex analyses of large data sets into a series of simpler tasks different pipelines. However, the interaction of independently tuned pipeline components yields poor end

  2. Why Statistics? POPULAR MEDIA AND SCIENCE PUBLICATIONS SOUND THE DRUM: "BIG DATA" WILL DRIVE OUR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capecchi, Mario R.

    Why Statistics? POPULAR MEDIA AND SCIENCE PUBLICATIONS SOUND THE DRUM: "BIG DATA" WILL DRIVE OUR isolates true associations with illnesses and deaths. Big Data payoffs can be enormous, but there are many of learning from data, and of measuring, controlling, and communicating uncertainty; and it thereby provides

  3. DEALING WITH DATA-POOR FISHERIES: A CASE STUDY OF THE BIG SKATE (RAJA BINOCULATA) IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DEALING WITH DATA-POOR FISHERIES: A CASE STUDY OF THE BIG SKATE (RAJA BINOCULATA) IN BRITISH: Master of Resource Management Project No.: 522 Title of Thesis: Dealing with data-poor fisheries: A case study of the big skate (Raja binoculata) in British Columbia's groundfish fishery Examining Committee

  4. Dr. Shih-Lung Shaw's Research on Space-Time GIS, Human Dynamics and Big Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

    1 Dr. Shih-Lung Shaw's Research on Space-Time GIS, Human Dynamics and Big Data for Geography dynamics and big data. We have developed spatiotemporal data models, analysis functions, and visualization. In the meantime, detailed data of individual activities and interactions are being collected by vendors (e

  5. BIG DATA SYSTEMS AT THE ARM ARCHIVE I: INTERACTIVE VISUALIZATION OPPORTUNITIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BIG DATA SYSTEMS AT THE ARM ARCHIVE I: INTERACTIVE VISUALIZATION OPPORTUNITIES Giri Palanisamy, Oak instrumentation (e.g., scanning radars and lidars). As part of the "Big Data System" (BDS) design, the ARM Archive that will be dedicated to visualization and software development based on the very large data volumes from new ARM

  6. Geographically-Distributed Databases: A Big Data Technology for Production Analysis in the Oil & Gas Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SPE 167844 Geographically-Distributed Databases: A Big Data Technology for Production Analysis advances in the scientific field of "big-data" to the world of Oil & Gas upstream industry. These off-of-the-start IT technologies currently employed in the data management of Oil & Gas production operations. Most current

  7. A Big World Inside Small-World Networks Zhihua Zhang, Jianzhi Zhang*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Jianzhi

    A Big World Inside Small-World Networks Zhihua Zhang, Jianzhi Zhang* Department of Ecology networks, including biological networks, are known to have the small-world property, characterized: Zhang Z, Zhang J (2009) A Big World Inside Small-World Networks. PLoS ONE 4(5): e5686. doi:10

  8. Frequent Itemset Mining for Big Data Sandy Moens, Emin Aksehirli and Bart Goethals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antwerpen, Universiteit

    Antwerpen, Belgium Email: firstname.lastname@uantwerpen.be Abstract--Frequent Itemset Mining (FIM) is oneFrequent Itemset Mining for Big Data Sandy Moens, Emin Aksehirli and Bart Goethals Universiteit new methods for mining large datasets: Dist-Eclat focuses on speed while BigFIM is optimized to run

  9. Big Bear Solar Observatory -New Jersey Institute of Technology 2005 Greetings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Big Bear Solar Observatory - New Jersey Institute of Technology 2005 Greetings The Center for Solar-Terrestrial Reasearch (CSTR) at New Jersey Institute of Technology operates Big Bear Solar Observatory (BBSO), which provides a unique and precise measure of the Earth's reflectance (a critical climate parameter since

  10. Use and selection of highway bridges by Rafinesque’s big-eared bats in South Carolina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bennett, Frances M.

    2005-01-01

    s big-eared bats in South Carolina and also carried out anon all public roads in South Carolina. We surveyed 1,129s big-eared bats in the South Carolina Coastal Plain. Our

  11. Building Simulation Modelers are we big-data ready?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanyal, Jibonananda; New, Joshua Ryan

    2014-01-01

    Recent advances in computing and sensor technologies have pushed the amount of data we collect or generate to limits previously unheard of. Sub-minute resolution data from dozens of channels is becoming increasingly common and is expected to increase with the prevalence of non-intrusive load monitoring. Experts are running larger building simulation experiments and are faced with an increasingly complex data set to analyze and derive meaningful insight. This paper focuses on the data management challenges that building modeling experts may face in data collected from a large array of sensors, or generated from running a large number of building energy/performance simulations. The paper highlights the technical difficulties that were encountered and overcome in order to run 3.5 million EnergyPlus simulations on supercomputers and generating over 200 TBs of simulation output. This extreme case involved development of technologies and insights that will be beneficial to modelers in the immediate future. The paper discusses different database technologies (including relational databases, columnar storage, and schema-less Hadoop) in order to contrast the advantages and disadvantages of employing each for storage of EnergyPlus output. Scalability, analysis requirements, and the adaptability of these database technologies are discussed. Additionally, unique attributes of EnergyPlus output are highlighted which make data-entry non-trivial for multiple simulations. Practical experience regarding cost-effective strategies for big-data storage is provided. The paper also discusses network performance issues when transferring large amounts of data across a network to different computing devices. Practical issues involving lag, bandwidth, and methods for synchronizing or transferring logical portions of the data are presented. A cornerstone of big-data is its use for analytics; data is useless unless information can be meaningfully derived from it. In addition to technical aspects of managing big data, the paper details design of experiments in anticipation of large volumes of data. The cost of re-reading output into an analysis program is elaborated and analysis techniques that perform analysis in-situ with the simulations as they are run are discussed. The paper concludes with an example and elaboration of the tipping point where it becomes more expensive to store the output than re-running a set of simulations.

  12. Julia Gillard, Big Pharma, patent law and public health https://theconversation.edu.au/julia-gillard-big-pharma-patent-law-and-public-health-10226[28/11/2012 11:49:28 AM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botea, Adi

    Julia Gillard, Big Pharma, patent law and public health https://theconversation.edu.au/julia-gillard-big-pharma-patent Health + Medicine Politics + Society Science + Technology Julia Gillard, Big Pharma, patent law industry and their patents ­ and has launched several inquiries into patent law and pharmaceutical drugs

  13. Text-Alternative Version of Building America Webinar: Low-e Storms: The Next "Big Thing" in Window Retrofits

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Low-e Storms:  The Next “Big Thing” in Window RetrofitsOfficial Webinar Transcript (September 9, 2014)

  14. Anti-Proton Evolution in Little Bangs and Big Bang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Schade; B. Kampfer

    2009-03-30

    The abundances of anti-protons and protons are considered within momentum-integrated Boltzmann equations describing Little Bangs, i.e., fireballs created in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. Despite of a large anti-proton annihilation cross section we find a small drop of the ratio of anti-protons to protons from 170 MeV (chemical freeze-out temperature) till 100 MeV (kinetic freeze-out temperature) for CERN-SPS and BNL-RHIC energies thus corroborating the solution of the previously exposed "ani-proton puzzle". In contrast, the Big Bang evolves so slowly that the anti-baryons are kept for a long time in equilibrium resulting in an exceedingly small fraction. The adiabatic path of cosmic matter in the phase diagram of strongly interacting matter is mapped out.

  15. Dark/visible parallel universes and Big Bang nucleosynthesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bertulani, C. A.; Frederico, T.; Fuqua, J.; Hussein, M. S.; Oliveira, O.; Paula, W. de [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A and M University-Commerce, Commerce TX 75429 (United States); Departamento de Fisica, Instituto Tecnologico de Aeronautica, DCTA 12.228-900, Sao Jose dos Campos, SP (Brazil); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A and M University-Commerce, Commerce TX 75429 (United States); Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Caixa Postal 66318, 05314-970 Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Departamento de Fisica, Instituto Tecnologico de Aeronautica, DCTA 12.228-900, Sao Jose dos Campos, SP, Brazil and Departamento de Fisica, Universidade de Coimbra, 3004-516 Coimbra (Portugal); Departamento de Fisica, Instituto Tecnologico de Aeronautica, DCTA 12.228-900, Sao Jose dos Campos, SP (Brazil)

    2012-11-20

    We develop a model for visible matter-dark matter interaction based on the exchange of a massive gray boson called herein the Mulato. Our model hinges on the assumption that all known particles in the visible matter have their counterparts in the dark matter. We postulate six families of particles five of which are dark. This leads to the unavoidable postulation of six parallel worlds, the visible one and five invisible worlds. A close study of big bang nucleosynthesis (BBN), baryon asymmetries, cosmic microwave background (CMB) bounds, galaxy dynamics, together with the Standard Model assumptions, help us to set a limit on the mass and width of the new gauge boson. Modification of the statistics underlying the kinetic energy distribution of particles during the BBN is also discussed. The changes in reaction rates during the BBN due to a departure from the Debye-Hueckel electron screening model is also investigated.

  16. Big bang nucleosynthesis revisited via Trojan Horse method measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pizzone, R. G.; Spartá, R.; Spitaleri, C.; La Cognata, M.; Tumino, A. [INFN—Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Via Santa Sofia 62, I-95123 Catania (Italy); Bertulani, C. A.; Lalmansingh, J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A and M University, Commerce, TX 75025 (United States); Lamia, L. [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università degli Studi di Catania, Via Santa Sofia 64, I-95123 Catania (Italy); Mukhamedzhanov, A., E-mail: rgpizzone@lns.infn.it [Cyclotron Institute, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States)

    2014-05-10

    Nuclear reaction rates are among the most important input for understanding primordial nucleosynthesis and, therefore, for a quantitative description of the early universe. An up-to-date compilation of direct cross-sections of {sup 2}H(d, p){sup 3}H, {sup 2}H(d, n){sup 3}He, {sup 7}Li(p, ?){sup 4}He, and {sup 3}He(d, p){sup 4}He reactions is given. These are among the most uncertain cross-sections used and input for big bang nucleosynthesis calculations. Their measurements through the Trojan Horse method are also reviewed and compared with direct data. The reaction rates and the corresponding recommended errors in this work were used as input for primordial nucleosynthesis calculations to evaluate their impact on the {sup 2}H, {sup 3,4}He, and {sup 7}Li primordial abundances, which are then compared with observations.

  17. Big Bang Nucleosynthesis with Independent Neutrino Distribution Functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christel J. Smith; George M. Fuller; Michael S. Smith

    2008-12-06

    We have performed new Big Bang Nucleosynthesis calculations which employ arbitrarily-specified, time-dependent neutrino and antineutrino distribution functions for each of up to four neutrino flavors. We self-consistently couple these distributions to the thermodynamics, the expansion rate and scale factor-time/temperature relationship, as well as to all relevant weak, electromagnetic, and strong nuclear reaction processes in the early universe. With this approach, we can treat any scenario in which neutrino or antineutrino spectral distortion might arise. These scenarios might include, for example, decaying particles, active-sterile neutrino oscillations, and active-active neutrino oscillations in the presence of significant lepton numbers. Our calculations allow lepton numbers and sterile neutrinos to be constrained with observationally-determined primordial helium and deuterium abundances. We have modified a standard BBN code to perform these calculations and have made it available to the community.

  18. Big Data Visual Analytics for Exploratory Earth System Simulation Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steed, Chad A. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Ricciuto, Daniel M. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Shipman, Galen M. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Smith, Brian E. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Thornton, Peter E. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Wang, Dali [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Shi, Xiaoying [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Williams, Dean N. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2013-12-01

    Rapid increases in high performance computing are feeding the development of larger and more complex data sets in climate research, which sets the stage for so-called big data analysis challenges. However, conventional climate analysis techniques are inadequate in dealing with the complexities of today s data. In this paper, we describe and demonstrate a visual analytics system, called the Exploratory Data analysis ENvironment (EDEN), with specific application to the analysis of complex earth system simulation data sets. EDEN represents the type of interactive visual analysis tools that are necessary to transform data into insight, thereby improving critical comprehension of earth system processes. In addition to providing an overview of EDEN, we describe real-world studies using both point ensembles and global Community Land Model Version 4 (CLM4) simulations.

  19. Design of a telescope pointing and tracking subsystem for the Big Bear Solar Observatory New Solar Telescope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Design of a telescope pointing and tracking subsystem for the Big Bear Solar Observatory New Solar Telescope J. R. Varsika and G.Yangb aBig Bear Solar Observatory, 40386 North Shore Lane, Big Bear City, California, U.S.A.; bNew Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, New Jersey, U.S.A. ABSTRACT The New Solar

  20. IEEE COMPUTATIONAL INTELLIGENCE MAGAZINE, VOL. XX, NO. X, XXXX 20XX 1 Big Data Opportunities and Challenges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jin, Yaochu

    IEEE COMPUTATIONAL INTELLIGENCE MAGAZINE, VOL. XX, NO. X, XXXX 20XX 1 Big Data Opportunities, and Graham J. Williams Abstract--"Big Data" as a term has been among the biggest trends of the last three and perspectives of the authors relating to the new opportunities and challenges brought forth by the big data

  1. Plantage Muidergracht 12 | 020 525 4330 | admissions-mbabd@uva.nl mba-bigdata.nl MBA Big Data & Business Analytics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koolen, Marijn

    Plantage Muidergracht 12 | 020 525 4330 | admissions-mbabd@uva.nl mba-bigdata.nl MBA Big Data & Business Analytics To work in Big Data or Business Analytics requires strong multi-disciplinary skills of this MBA is specifically designed to develop students into knowledgeable Big Data experts, both able to do

  2. Introduction to Big Data and High-Performance Computing Lecture 9:30 a.m., Tuesday

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhode Island, University of

    Introduction to Big Data and High-Performance Computing Lecture ­ 9:30 a.m., Tuesday Labs ­ 10:00 a capacity is set to 25 students. In order to best serve students with Big Data and HPC interests and needs Big Data. This need can be in any discipline (science, engineering, computer science, mathematics

  3. Standard big bang nucleosynthesis and primordial CNO abundances after Planck

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coc, Alain [Centre de Sciences Nucléaires et de Sciences de la Matière (CSNSM), CNRS/IN2P3, Université Paris Sud 11, UMR 8609, Bâtiment 104, F–91405 Orsay Campus (France); Uzan, Jean-Philippe; Vangioni, Elisabeth, E-mail: coc@csnsm.in2p3.fr, E-mail: uzan@iap.fr, E-mail: vangioni@iap.fr [Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, UMR-7095 du CNRS, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, 98 bis bd Arago, 75014 Paris (France)

    2014-10-01

    Primordial or big bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) is one of the three historical strong evidences for the big bang model. The recent results by the Planck satellite mission have slightly changed the estimate of the baryonic density compared to the previous WMAP analysis. This article updates the BBN predictions for the light elements using the cosmological parameters determined by Planck, as well as an improvement of the nuclear network and new spectroscopic observations. There is a slight lowering of the primordial Li/H abundance, however, this lithium value still remains typically 3 times larger than its observed spectroscopic abundance in halo stars of the Galaxy. According to the importance of this ''lithium problem{sup ,} we trace the small changes in its BBN calculated abundance following updates of the baryonic density, neutron lifetime and networks. In addition, for the first time, we provide confidence limits for the production of {sup 6}Li, {sup 9}Be, {sup 11}B and CNO, resulting from our extensive Monte Carlo calculation with our extended network. A specific focus is cast on CNO primordial production. Considering uncertainties on the nuclear rates around the CNO formation, we obtain CNO/H ? (5-30)×10{sup -15}. We further improve this estimate by analyzing correlations between yields and reaction rates and identified new influential reaction rates. These uncertain rates, if simultaneously varied could lead to a significant increase of CNO production: CNO/H?10{sup -13}. This result is important for the study of population III star formation during the dark ages.

  4. Warrior Girl Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al.,Turin,VillageWarren Park, Indiana: EnergyWarrick County,

  5. Black Warrior Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLC JumpBiossence Jump to: navigation, searchBirahiCoop JumpIIIBlack

  6. Black Warrior Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental JumpInformationBio-Gas Technologies, LLCMichigan:Earth,

  7. Big Data Is not just a New Type, but a New Paradigm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Bin

    2015-01-01

    This paper is a first draft of the introduction to the special issue on volunteered geographic information published in Computers, Environment and Urban Systems (2015, 53, 1-122). In this short paper, I put georeferenced big data (hereafter, big data) such as tweets locations in comparison with small data such as census data in terms of data characteristics, and further argued that big data differs fundamentally from small data in terms of data analytics, both geometrially and statistically. I would like to thank my colleague Dr. Jean-Claude Thill, who expanded the draft towards a broader scope.

  8. EM Wins Awards for Taking Big Steps to Reduce DOE’s Electronics Footprint

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    WASHINGTON, D.C. – EM is talking big steps to reduce its electronics footprint with exceptional results. EM sites won the majority of awards given to DOE for their outstanding performance in the 2012 Federal Electronics Challenge (FEC).

  9. >> Home >> World News Michael Richardson: Win for France over fusion reactor a big blow to Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World News >> Home >> World News Michael Richardson: Win for France over fusion reactor a big blow source of energy, heat and light. Some scientists say fusion is the best option for abundant

  10. The Decay of the Neutron or Beta Decay, the Big Bang, and the...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Decay of the Neutron or Beta Decay, the Big Bang, and the Left-Handed Universe Apr 03 2014 01:00 PM - 02:30 PM Geoffrey L. Greene Physics Division, ORNL Research Accelerator...

  11. The Influence of Big Donors on Congressional Behavior and Electoral Prospects 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Socker, Erica Marie

    2013-11-18

    on their roll call voting, bill sponsorship and primary election prospects. The results suggest big donors shift members further to the ideological right and decrease their likelihood of introducing direct government spending bills in Congress. These financial...

  12. Data-aware distributed scientific computing for big-data problems...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Report: Data-aware distributed scientific computing for big-data problems in bio-surveillance Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Data-aware distributed scientific...

  13. A Flexible Approach to Big Data at the APS | Argonne National...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A Flexible Approach to Big Data at the APS November 23, 2015 11:00AM to 12:00PM Presenter Ray Osborn (MSD), Senior Physicist Location Building 401, Room A1100 Type Seminar Series...

  14. Big Data-Driven Marketing: How Machine Learning Outperforms Marketers’ Gut-Feeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sundsøy, Pål

    2014-01-01

    This paper shows how big data can be experimentally used at large scale for marketing purposes at a mobile network operator. We present results from a large-scale experiment in a MNO in Asia where we use machine learning ...

  15. Big Data for Disease Control: Interdisciplinary approaches to data linkage and management 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Shona Jane

    2014-08-26

    The source of tremendous promise and unsettling surveillance alike, the term ‘Big Data’ has attracted substantial public attention in recent years, garnering widespread press coverage and debate in equal measure. In reality it is like any other...

  16. Making Big Data Useful for Health Care: A Summary of the Inaugural MIT Critical Data Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Badawi, Omar

    With growing concerns that big data will only augment the problem of unreliable research, the Laboratory of Computational Physiology at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology organized the Critical Data Conference in ...

  17. Research Positions in Big Data Computational Biology Department of Computational and Systems Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benos, Takis

    Research Positions in Big Data Computational Biology Department of Computational and clinical data related to melanoma and chronic lung diseases. The ideal, and will have research experience in computational biology. 2. One Data Scientist

  18. Big Data around UW-Madison Brian S. Yandell,UW-Madison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yandell, Brian S.

    (1995 Silicon Snake Oil) PBS NOVA (1990) "The KGB, the Computer, and Me" #12;What is (are) big data and networks · Spatial/temporal ­ images at all scales, static and dynamic ­ geospatial alliance, biomedical

  19. The 3rd Annual International TCE Conference Machine Learning & Big Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schuster, Assaf

    The 3rd Annual International TCE Conference Machine Learning & Big Data Call for Presentations Industry Track at the International TCE Conference in Haifa The 3rd annual International TCE Conference

  20. SPECTROSCOPIC DIAGNOSTICS OF DISK ACCRETION IN HER BIG AE/BE STARS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hillenbrand, Lynne

    1 SPECTROSCOPIC DIAGNOSTICS OF DISK ACCRETION IN HER­ BIG AE/BE STARS L. GHANDOUR, S. STROM, S). In this contribution, we present preliminary results using new spectroscopic data to explore whether the last three

  1. Vascular Plant Survey of the Canyonlands Unit of the Big Thicket National Preserve, Tyler County, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haile, Kelly

    2012-10-19

    The Big Thicket National Preserve is located in the southern part of the United States. It is within the Pineywoods vegetation region of southeastern Texas. This study area was the Canyonlands Unit, a unit located entirely ...

  2. The relationship of social desirability responding and the Big Five: an investigation using confirmatory factor analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlisle, Todd Dana

    2000-01-01

    The relationship between social desirability responding (SDR) and the Big Five factors of personality was both summarized with a review of past and current studies and directly investigated using a series of confirmatory ...

  3. Inhomogeneous big bang nucleosynthesis with late-decaying massive particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Lopez-Suarez; R. Canal

    1998-04-22

    We investigate the possibility of accounting for the currently inferred primordial abundances of D, 3He, 4He, and 7Li by big bang nucleosynthesis in the presence of baryon density inhomogeneities plus the effects of late-decaying massive particles (X), and we explore the allowed range of baryonic fraction of the closure density Omega_b in such context. We find that, depending on the parameters of this composite model (characteristic size and density contrast of the inhomogeneities; mass-density, lifetime, and effective baryon number in the decay of the X-particles), values as high as \\Omega_{b}h_{50}^{2}\\simeq 0.25-0.35 could be compatible with the primordial abundances of the light nuclides. We include diffusion of neutrons and protons at all stages, and we consider the contribution of the X particles to the energy density, the entropy production by their decay, the possibility that the X-products could photodissociate the light nuclei produced during the previous stages of nucleosynthesis, and also the possibility that the decay products of the X-particles would include a substantial fraction of hadrons. Specific predictions for the primordial abundance of Be are made.

  4. Big Bang Day : Afternoon Play - Torchwood: Lost Souls

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25

    Martha Jones, ex-time traveller and now working as a doctor for a UN task force, has been called to CERN where they're about to activate the Large Hadron Collider. Once activated, the Collider will fire beams of protons together recreating conditions a billionth of a second after the Big Bang - and potentially allowing the human race a greater insight into what the Universe is made of. But so much could go wrong - it could open a gateway to a parallel dimension, or create a black hole - and now voices from the past are calling out to people and scientists have started to disappear... Where have the missing scientists gone? What is the secret of the glowing man? What is lurking in the underground tunnel? And do the dead ever really stay dead? Lost Souls is a spin-off from the award-winning BBC Wales TV production Torchwood. It stars John Barrowman, Freema Agyeman, Eve Myles, Gareth David-Lloyd, Lucy Montgomery (of Titty Bang Bang) and Stephen Critchlow.

  5. Dark Radiation from Particle Decays during Big Bang Nucleosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menestrina, Justin L

    2011-01-01

    Cosmic microwave background (CMB) observations suggest the possibility of an extra dark radiation component, while the current evidence from big bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) is more ambiguous. Dark radiation from a decaying particle can affect these two processes differently. Early decays add an additional radiation component to both the CMB and BBN, while late decays can alter the radiation content seen in the CMB while having a negligible effect on BBN. Here we quantify this difference and explore the intermediate regime by examining particles decaying during BBN, i.e., particle lifetimes \\tau_X satisfying 0.1 sec 1000 sec), \\Delta N_{BBN} is dominated by the energy density of the nonrelativistic particles before they decay, so that \\Delta N_{BBN} remains nonzero and becomes independent of the particle lifetime. By varying both the particle energy density and lifetime, one can obtain any desired combination of \\Delta N_{BBN} and \\Delta N_{CMB}, subject to the constraint that \\Delta N_{CMB} >= \\Delta N_{BBN}.

  6. The NACRE Thermonuclear Reaction Compilation and Big Bang Nucleosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richard H. Cyburt; Brian D. Fields; Keith A. Olive

    2001-05-17

    The theoretical predictions of big bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) are dominated by uncertainties in the input nuclear reaction cross sections. In this paper, we examine the impact on BBN of the recent compilation of nuclear data and thermonuclear reactions rates by the NACRE collaboration. We confirm that the adopted rates do not make large overall changes in central values of predictions, but do affect the magnitude of the uncertainties in these predictions. Therefore, we then examine in detail the uncertainties in the individual reaction rates considered by NACRE. When the error estimates by NACRE are treated as 1\\sigma limits, the resulting BBN error budget is similar to those of previous tabulations. We propose two new procedures for deriving reaction rate uncertainties from the nuclear data: one which sets lower limits to the error, and one which we believe is a reasonable description of the present error budget. We propagate these uncertainty estimates through the BBN code, and find that when the nuclear data errors are described most accurately, the resulting light element uncertainties are notably smaller than in some previous tabulations, but larger than others. Using these results, we derive limits on the cosmic baryon-to-photon ratio $\\eta$, and compare this to independent limits on $\\eta$ from recent balloon-borne measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMB). We discuss means to improve the BBN results via key nuclear reaction measurements and light element observations.

  7. Baghouse Slipstream Testing at TXU's Big Brown Station

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Pavlish; Jason Laumb; Robert Jensen; Jeffery Thompson; Christopher Martin; Mark Musich; Brandon Pavlish; Stanley Miller; Lucinda Hamre

    2007-04-30

    Performing sorbent testing for mercury control at a large scale is a very expensive endeavor and requires months of planning and careful execution. Even with good planning, there are plant limitations on what operating/design parameters can be varied/tested and when. For parameters that cannot be feasibly tested at the full scale (lower/higher gas flow, different bag material, cleaning methods, sorbents, etc.), an alternative approach is used to perform tests on a slipstream unit using flue gas from the plant. The advantage that a slipstream unit provides is the flexibility to test multiple operating and design parameters and other possible technology options without risking major disruption to the operation of the power plant. Additionally, the results generated are expected to simulate full-scale conditions closely, since the flue gas used during the tests comes directly from the plant in question. The Energy & Environmental Research Center developed and constructed a mobile baghouse that allows for cost-effective testing of impacts related to variation in operating and design parameters, as well as other possible mercury control options. Multiple sorbents, air-to-cloth ratios, bag materials, and cleaning frequencies were evaluated while flue gas was extracted from Big Brown when it fired a 70% Texas lignite-30% Powder River Basin (PRB) blend and a 100% PRB coal.

  8. Constraint on slepton intergenerational mixing from big-bang nucleosynthesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kohri, Kazunori; Ohta, Shingo; Sato, Joe; Shimomura, Takashi; Yamanaka, Masato [Theory Center, Institute of Particle and Nuclear Studies, KEK (High Energy Accelerator Research Organization), 1-1 Oho, Tsukuba 305-0801 (Japan); Department of Physics, Saitama University, Shimo-okubo, Sakura-ku, Saitama, 338-8570 (Japan); Department of Physics, Niigata University, Niigata, 950-8502 (Japan) and Max-Planck-Institut fur Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, 69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Maskawa Institute for Science and Culture, Kyoto Sangyo University, Kyoto 603-8555 (Japan)

    2012-07-27

    We find constraint on intergenerational mixing of slepton from big-bang nucleosynthesis (BBN). Today, we know that there exist lepton flavor violation (LFV) from the observation of neutrino oscillation, though there do not exist LFV in the standard model of particle physics (SM). LFV in charged lepton sector (cLFV) have also been expected to exist. From theoretical point of view, the effects of long-lived stau on BBN have been investigated and it is known that the stau can solve the cosmological 7Li problem. However, in the study so far, tau flavor is exactly conserved and it contradict with the existence of cLFV. In this study, we generalize the flavor to be violated and call the stau as slepton. Even if the violation is tiny, it drastically changes the lifetime and the evolution of relic density of the slepton. Thus we analyze the effects of the long-lived slepton on BBN, and constrain the magnitude of the cLFV.

  9. Effect of quark-mass variation on big bang nucleosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. C. Berengut; V. F. Dmitriev; V. V. Flambaum

    2009-07-14

    We calculate the effect of variation in the light-current quark mass, $m_q$, on standard big bang nucleosynthesis. A change in $m_q$ at during the era of nucleosynthesis affects nuclear reaction rates, and hence primordial abundances, via changes the binding energies of light nuclei. It is found that a relative variation of $\\delta m_q/m_q = 0.016 \\pm 0.005$ provides better agreement between observed primordial abundances and those predicted by theory. This is largely due to resolution of the existing discrepancies for 7Li. However this method ignores possible changes in the position of resonances in nuclear reactions. The predicted 7Li abundance has a strong dependence on the cross-section of the resonant reactions 3He(d,p)4He and t(d,n)4He. We show that changes in $m_q$ at the time of BBN could shift the position of these resonances away from the Gamow window and lead to an increased production of 7Li, exacerbating the lithium problem.

  10. Big Bang Nucleosynthesis and the Helium Isotope Ratio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooke, Ryan

    2015-01-01

    The conventional approach to search for departures from the standard model of physics during Big Bang Nucleosynthesis involves a careful, and subtle measurement of the mass fraction of baryons consisting of helium. Recent measurements of this quantity tentatively support new physics beyond the standard model but, historically, this method has suffered from hidden systematic uncertainties. In this letter, I show that a combined measurement of the primordial deuterium abundance and the primordial helium isotope ratio has the potential to provide a complementary and reliable probe of new physics beyond the standard model. Using the recent determination of the primordial deuterium abundance and assuming that the measured pre-solar 3He/4He meteoritic abundance reflects the primordial value, a bound can be placed on the effective number of neutrino species, Neff(BBN) = 3.01 (+0.95 -0.76, with 95 per cent confidence). Although this value of Neff supports the standard model, it is presently unclear if the pre-solar 3...

  11. Big Problems. Big Results.

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O OLaura| National2.11DESERTWaterSharingBeyondBang or

  12. Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 527: Horn Silver Mine, Nevada Test Site, Nevada: Revision 1 (Including Records of Technical Change No.1, 2, 3, and 4)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Operations Office

    2002-12-06

    This Corrective Action Investigation Plan contains the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Operations Office's approach to collect the data necessary to evaluate corrective action alternatives appropriate for the closure of Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 527, Horn Silver Mine, Nevada Test Site, Nevada, under the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order. Corrective Action Unit 527 consists of one Corrective Action Site (CAS): 26-20-01, Contaminated Waste Dump No.1. The site is located in an abandoned mine site in Area 26 (which is the most arid part of the NTS) approximately 65 miles northwest of Las Vegas. Historical documents may refer to this site as CAU 168, CWD-1, the Wingfield mine (or shaft), and the Wahmonie mine (or shaft). Historical documentation indicates that between 1959 and the 1970s, nonliquid classified material and unclassified waste was placed in the Horn Silver Mine's shaft. Some of the waste is known to be radioactive. Documentation indicates that the waste is present from 150 feet to the bottom of the mine (500 ft below ground surface). This CAU is being investigated because hazardous constituents migrating from materials and/or wastes disposed of in the Horn Silver Mine may pose a threat to human health and the environment as well as to assess the potential impacts associated with any potential releases from the waste. The results of this field investigation will support a defensible evaluation of corrective action alternatives in the corrective action decision document.

  13. Visualization at Supercomputing Centers: The Tale of Little Big Iron and the Three Skinny Guys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bethel, E. Wes; van Rosendale, John; Southard, Dale; Gaither, Kelly; Childs, Hank; Brugger, Eric; Ahern, Sean

    2010-12-01

    Supercomputing Centers (SC's) are unique resources that aim to enable scientific knowledge discovery through the use of large computational resources, the Big Iron. Design, acquisition, installation, and management of the Big Iron are activities that are carefully planned and monitored. Since these Big Iron systems produce a tsunami of data, it is natural to co-locate visualization and analysis infrastructure as part of the same facility. This infrastructure consists of hardware (Little Iron) and staff (Skinny Guys). Our collective experience suggests that design, acquisition, installation, and management of the Little Iron and Skinny Guys does not receive the same level of treatment as that of the Big Iron. The main focus of this article is to explore different aspects of planning, designing, fielding, and maintaining the visualization and analysis infrastructure at supercomputing centers. Some of the questions we explore in this article include:"How should the Little Iron be sized to adequately support visualization and analysis of data coming off the Big Iron?" What sort of capabilities does it need to have?" Related questions concern the size of visualization support staff:"How big should a visualization program be (number of persons) and what should the staff do?" and"How much of the visualization should be provided as a support service, and how much should applications scientists be expected to do on their own?"

  14. Visualization at Supercomputing Centers: The Tale of Little Big Iron and the Three Skinny Guys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bethel, E Wes [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); Brugger, Eric [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)

    2011-01-01

    Supercomputing centers are unique resources that aim to enable scientific knowledge discovery by employing large computational resources - the 'Big Iron.' Design, acquisition, installation, and management of the Big Iron are carefully planned and monitored. Because these Big Iron systems produce a tsunami of data, it's natural to colocate the visualization and analysis infrastructure. This infrastructure consists of hardware (Little Iron) and staff (Skinny Guys). Our collective experience suggests that design, acquisition, installation, and management of the Little Iron and Skinny Guys doesn't receive the same level of treatment as that of the Big Iron. This article explores the following questions about the Little Iron: How should we size the Little Iron to adequately support visualization and analysis of data coming off the Big Iron? What sort of capabilities must it have? Related questions concern the size of visualization support staff: How big should a visualization program be - that is, how many Skinny Guys should it have? What should the staff do? How much of the visualization should be provided as a support service, and how much should applications scientists be expected to do on their own?

  15. Photon noise from chaotic and coherent millimeter-wave sources measured with horn-coupled, aluminum lumped-element kinetic inductance detectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flanigan, Daniel; Jones, Glenn; Johnson, Bradley R; Ade, Peter; Araujo, Derek; Bradford, Kristi; Cantor, Robin; Che, George; Day, Peter K; Doyle, Simon; Kjellstrand, Carl Bjorn; LeDuc, Henry G; Limon, Michele; Luu, Vy; Mauskopf, Philip; Miller, Amber; Mroczkowski, Tony; Tucker, Carole; Zmuidzinas, Jonas

    2015-01-01

    We report photon-noise limited performance of horn-coupled, aluminum lumped-element kinetic inductance detectors at millimeter wavelengths. The detectors are illuminated by a millimeter-wave source that uses an active multiplier chain to produce radiation between 140 and 160 GHz. We feed the multiplier with either amplified broadband noise or a continuous-wave tone from a microwave signal generator. We demonstrate that the detector response over a 40 dB range of source power is well-described by a simple model that considers the number of quasiparticles. The detector noise-equivalent power (NEP) is dominated by photon noise when the absorbed power is greater than approximately 1 pW, which corresponds to $\\mathrm{NEP} \\approx 2 \\times 10^{-17} \\; \\mathrm{W} \\; \\mathrm{Hz}^{-1/2}$, referenced to absorbed power. At higher source power levels we observe the relationships between noise and power expected from the photon statistics of the source signal: $\\mathrm{NEP} \\propto P$ for broadband (chaotic) illumination ...

  16. Big Bang Nucleosynthesis and the Helium Isotope Ratio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryan Cooke

    2015-10-09

    The conventional approach to search for departures from the standard model of physics during Big Bang Nucleosynthesis involves a careful, and subtle measurement of the mass fraction of baryons consisting of helium. Recent measurements of this quantity tentatively support new physics beyond the standard model but, historically, this method has suffered from hidden systematic uncertainties. In this letter, I show that a combined measurement of the primordial deuterium abundance and the primordial helium isotope ratio has the potential to provide a complementary and reliable probe of new physics beyond the standard model. Using the recent determination of the primordial deuterium abundance and assuming that the measured pre-solar 3He/4He meteoritic abundance reflects the primordial value, a bound can be placed on the effective number of neutrino species, Neff(BBN) = 3.01 (+0.95 -0.76, with 95 per cent confidence). Although this value of Neff supports the standard model, it is presently unclear if the pre-solar 3He/4He ratio reflects the primordial value. New astrophysical measurements of the helium isotope ratio in near-pristine environments, together with updated calculations and experimental values of several important nuclear reactions (some of which are already being attempted), will lead to much improved limits on possible departures from the standard model. To this end, I describe an analysis strategy to measure the 3He I flux emitted from nearby low metallicity H II regions. The proposed technique can be attempted with the next generation of large telescopes, and will be easier to realize in metal-poor H II regions with quiescent kinematics.

  17. 9/18/09 2:43 PM'Big Wave' Theory Offers Alternative to Dark Energy // Current Page 1 of 11http://current.com/items/90718274_big-wave-theory-offers-alternative-to-dark-energy.htm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Temple, Blake

    9/18/09 2:43 PM'Big Wave' Theory Offers Alternative to Dark Energy // Current Page 1 of 11http://current.com/items/90718274_big-wave-theory-offers-alternative-to-dark-energy.htm login | register |home tv shows schedule to Dark Energy // Current Page 2 of 11http://current.com/items/90718274_big-wave-theory-offers-alternative-to-dark-energy

  18. The X^- Solution to the ^6Li and ^7Li Big Bang Nucleosynthesis Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Motohiko Kusakabe; Toshitaka Kajino; Richard N. Boyd; Takashi Yoshida; Grant J. Mathews

    2008-03-24

    The $^6$Li abundance observed in metal poor halo stars appears to exhibit a plateau as a function of metallicity similar to that for $^7$Li, suggesting a big bang origin. However, the inferred primordial abundance of $^6$Li is $\\sim$1000 times larger than that predicted by standard big bang nucleosynthesis for the baryon-to-photon ratio inferred from the WMAP data. Also, the inferred $^7$Li primordial abundance is 3 times smaller than the big bang prediction. We here describe in detail a possible simultaneous solution to both the problems of underproduction of $^6$Li and overproduction of $^7$Li in big bang nucleosynthesis. This solution involves a hypothetical massive, negatively-charged leptonic particle that would bind to the light nuclei produced in big bang nucleosynthesis, but would decay long before it could be detected. We consider only the $X$-nuclear reactions and assume that the effect of decay products is negligible, as would be the case if lifetime were large or the mass difference between the charged particle and its daughter were small. An interesting feature of this paradigm is that, because the particle remains bound to the existing nuclei after the cessation of the usual big bang nuclear reactions, a second longer epoch of nucleosynthesis can occur among $X$-nuclei. We confirm that reactions in which the hypothetical particle is transferred can occur that greatly enhance the production of $^6$Li while depleting $^7$Li. We also identify a new reaction that destroys large amounts of $^7$Be, and hence reduces the ultimate $^7$Li abundance. Thus, big-bang nucleosynthesis in the presence of these hypothetical particles, together with or without an event of stellar processing, can simultaneously solve the two Li abundance problems.

  19. Elevated levels of plasma Big endothelin-1 and its relation to hypertension and skin lesions in individuals exposed to arsenic

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hossain, Ekhtear; Islam, Khairul; Yeasmin, Fouzia [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205 (Bangladesh)] [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205 (Bangladesh); Karim, Md. Rezaul [Department of Applied Nutrition and Food Technology, Islamic University, Kushtia-7003 (Bangladesh)] [Department of Applied Nutrition and Food Technology, Islamic University, Kushtia-7003 (Bangladesh); Rahman, Mashiur; Agarwal, Smita; Hossain, Shakhawoat; Aziz, Abdul; Al Mamun, Abdullah; Sheikh, Afzal; Haque, Abedul; Hossain, M. Tofazzal [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205 (Bangladesh)] [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205 (Bangladesh); Hossain, Mostaque [Department of Medicine, Bangladesh Institute of Research and Rehabilitation in Diabetes, Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders (BIRDEM), Dhaka (Bangladesh)] [Department of Medicine, Bangladesh Institute of Research and Rehabilitation in Diabetes, Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders (BIRDEM), Dhaka (Bangladesh); Haris, Parvez I. [Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, De Montfort University, Leicester, LE1 9BH (United Kingdom)] [Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, De Montfort University, Leicester, LE1 9BH (United Kingdom); Ikemura, Noriaki; Inoue, Kiyoshi; Miyataka, Hideki; Himeno, Seiichiro [Laboratory of Molecular Nutrition and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tokushima Bunri University, Tokushima 770–8514 (Japan)] [Laboratory of Molecular Nutrition and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tokushima Bunri University, Tokushima 770–8514 (Japan); Hossain, Khaled, E-mail: khossain69@yahoo.com [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205 (Bangladesh)] [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205 (Bangladesh)

    2012-03-01

    Chronic arsenic (As) exposure affects the endothelial system causing several diseases. Big endothelin-1 (Big ET-1), the biological precursor of endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a more accurate indicator of the degree of activation of the endothelial system. Effect of As exposure on the plasma Big ET-1 levels and its physiological implications have not yet been documented. We evaluated plasma Big ET-1 levels and their relation to hypertension and skin lesions in As exposed individuals in Bangladesh. A total of 304 study subjects from the As-endemic and non-endemic areas in Bangladesh were recruited for this study. As concentrations in water, hair and nails were measured by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectroscopy (ICP-MS). The plasma Big ET-1 levels were measured using a one-step sandwich enzyme immunoassay kit. Significant increase in Big ET-1 levels were observed with the increasing concentrations of As in drinking water, hair and nails. Further, before and after adjusting with different covariates, plasma Big ET-1 levels were found to be significantly associated with the water, hair and nail As concentrations of the study subjects. Big ET-1 levels were also higher in the higher exposure groups compared to the lowest (reference) group. Interestingly, we observed that Big ET-1 levels were significantly higher in the hypertensive and skin lesion groups compared to the normotensive and without skin lesion counterpart, respectively of the study subjects in As-endemic areas. Thus, this study demonstrated a novel dose–response relationship between As exposure and plasma Big ET-1 levels indicating the possible involvement of plasma Big ET-1 levels in As-induced hypertension and skin lesions. -- Highlights: ? Plasma Big ET-1 is an indicator of endothelial damage. ? Plasma Big ET-1 level increases dose-dependently in arsenic exposed individuals. ? Study subjects in arsenic-endemic areas with hypertension have elevated Big ET-1 levels. ? Study subjects with arsenic-induced skin lesions show elevated plasma Big ET-1 levels. ? Arsenic-induced hypertension and skin lesions may be linked to plasma Big ET-1 levels.

  20. U.S. strategic petroleum reserve Big Hill 114 leak analysis 2012.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lord, David L.; Roberts, Barry L.; Lord, Anna C. Snider; Sobolik, Steven Ronald; Park, Byoung Yoon; Rudeen, David Keith [GRAM, Inc., Albuquerque, NM

    2013-06-01

    This report addresses recent well integrity issues related to cavern 114 at the Big Hill Strategic Petroleum Reserve site. DM Petroleum Operations, M&O contractor for the U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve, recognized an apparent leak in Big Hill cavern well 114A in late summer, 2012, and provided written notice to the State of Texas as required by law. DM has since isolated the leak in well A with a temporary plug, and is planning on remediating both 114 A- and B-wells with liners. In this report Sandia provides an analysis of the apparent leak that includes: (i) estimated leak volume, (ii) recommendation for operating pressure to maintain in the cavern between temporary and permanent fixes for the well integrity issues, and (iii) identification of other caverns or wells at Big Hill that should be monitored closely in light of the sequence of failures there in the last several years.

  1. 3/3/2014 Big ideas for tinywindmills at UTA | RenewablesBiz http://www.renewablesbiz.com/article/14/03/big-ideas-tiny-windmills-uta 1/3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiao, Jung-Chih

    Energy Central E-Newsletters Recent News/Commentary Three Firms Win Solar Plant Tenders In Va. politics, renewable energy dwarfed by big utility ET Solar Builds Large Scale Solar Power Projects in UK Big ideas windmills could one day power wireless sensors that detect cracks in bridges, failures in security systems

  2. Astrophysical S-factor for destructive reactions of lithium-7 in big bang nucleosynthesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Komatsubara, Tetsuro; Kwon, YoungKwan; Moon, JunYoung; Kim, Yong-Kyun [Rare Isotope Science Project, Institute for Basic Science, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Moon, Chang-Bum [Hoseo University, Asan, Chungnam (Korea, Republic of); Ozawa, Akira; Sasa, Kimikazu; Onishi, Takahiro; Yuasa, Toshiaki; Okada, Shunsuke; Saito, Yuta [Division of Physics, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan); Hayakawa, Takehito; Shizuma, Toshiyuki [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Shirakata Shirane, Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan); Kubono, Shigeru [RIKEN, Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama (Japan); Kusakabe, Motohiko [School of Liberal Arts and Science, Korea Aerospace University (Korea, Republic of); Kajino, Toshitaka [National Astronomical Observatory, Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo (Japan)

    2014-05-02

    One of the most prominent success with the Big Bang models is the precise reproduction of mass abundance ratio for {sup 4}He. In spite of the success, abundances of lithium isotopes are still inconsistent between observations and their calculated results, which is known as lithium abundance problem. Since the calculations were based on the experimental reaction data together with theoretical estimations, more precise experimental measurements may improve the knowledge of the Big Bang nucleosynthesis. As one of the destruction process of lithium-7, we have performed measurements for the reaction cross sections of the {sup 7}L({sup 3}He,p){sup 9}Be reaction.

  3. Non-universal scalar-tensor theories and big bang nucleosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alain Coc; Keith A. Olive; Jean-Philippe Uzan; Elisabeth Vangioni

    2008-11-12

    We investigate the constraints that can be set from big-bang nucleosynthesis on two classes of models: extended quintessence and scalar-tensor theories of gravity in which the equivalence principle between standard matter and dark matter is violated. In the latter case, and for a massless dilaton with quadratic couplings, the phase space of theories is investigated. We delineate those theories where attraction toward general relativity occurs. It is shown that big-bang nucleosynthesis sets more stringent constraints than those obtained from Solar system tests.

  4. Big picture Ads Duplicate detection Spam Web IR Size of the web Web Search and Text Mining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Alexander

    Big picture Ads Duplicate detection Spam Web IR Size of the web Web Search and Text Mining http://www.cc.gatech.edu/~agray/6240spr11 IIR 19: Web Search Basics Alexander Gray Georgia Institute of Technology, College of Computing 2011 Gray: Web Search Basics 1 / 117 #12;Big picture Ads Duplicate detection Spam Web IR Size

  5. Cisco Systems Research Chair The Johnson-Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy (JSGS) invites applications for a newly established Cisco Systems Research Chair in Big Data and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    applications for a newly established Cisco Systems Research Chair in Big Data and Open Government government,Web 2.0, big data analytics and social media. This tenured-track position, with reduced teaching

  6. The Digital Skin of Cities: Urban Theory and Research in the Age of the Sensored and Metered City, Ubiquitous Computing, and Big Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabari, Chirag

    2013-01-01

    Metered City, Ubiquitous Computing, and Big Data A thesisMetered City, Ubiquitous Computing, and Big Data by ChiragIn concert with ubiquitous computing, and the increasing use

  7. Progress on the 1.6-meter New Solar Telescope at Big Bear Solar Observatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the drivers for building solar telescopes with large apertures. Recent advances in adaptive optics (AO) make it possible to build solar telescopes in an open configuration and thus go beyond the conventional meterProgress on the 1.6-meter New Solar Telescope at Big Bear Solar Observatory C. Denkera, P. R

  8. Towards an Understanding of Facets and Exemplars of Big Data Applications Geoffrey C.Fox1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Towards an Understanding of Facets and Exemplars of Big Data Applications Geoffrey C.Fox1 conclusions for the hardware and software architectures that are suggested by this analysis. 1. Introduction cases. However our focus is on Science and Engineering research of data- intensive applications. We

  9. ORIGINAL PAPER Global warming may freeze the invasion of big-headed ants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Courchamp, Franck

    ORIGINAL PAPER Global warming may freeze the invasion of big-headed ants Cleo Bertelsmeier · Gloria is that these threats interact, and that a globally warming climate could favour invasive species. In this study we techniques, 3 Global Circu- lation Models and 2 CO2 emission scenarios, we generated world maps with suitable

  10. From the Big Bang to the Higgs Boson in Less Than an Hour

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fygenson, Deborah Kuchnir

    From the Big Bang to the Higgs Boson in Less Than an Hour Jeffrey D H Higgs boson Gauge bosons (force field quanta) Higgs boson and vacuum expectation value Strong) photon Z boson W bosons H Higgs boson Gauge bosons (force field quanta) Higgs boson and vacuum

  11. From the Big Bang to the Higgs Boson in Less Than an Hour

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fygenson, Deborah Kuchnir

    From the Big Bang to the Higgs Boson in Less Than an Hour Jeffrey D neutrino Z0 W + W -g gluon (8) photon Z boson W bosons Quarks Leptons H Higgs boson Gauge bosons (force field quanta) Higgs boson and vacuum expectation value Strong force EM force Weak force #12;Par7cles

  12. The Thermal Control of the New Solar Telescope at Big Bear Observatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    For large-diameter solar telescopes operating at the theoretical diffraction limit, one of the main designThe Thermal Control of the New Solar Telescope at Big Bear Observatory Angelo P. Verdonia and Carsten Denkera aNew Jersey Institute of Technology, Center for Solar-Terrestrial Research, 323 Martin

  13. Galen H. Sasaki EE 361 University of Hawaii 1 More C functions and Big

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sasaki, Galen H.

    Galen H. Sasaki EE 361 University of Hawaii 1 More C functions and Big Picture [MIPSc Notes ­ Assembling · Passing parameters by value or reference Galen H. Sasaki EE 361 University of Hawaii 2 C;Galen H. Sasaki EE 361 University of Hawaii 3 Callee max(int i, int j) { if (i>j) return i; else return

  14. Compilation and R-matrix analysis of Big Bang nuclear reaction rates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierre Descouvemont; Abderrahim Adahchour; Carmen Angulo; Alain Coc; Elisabeth Vangioni-Flam

    2004-07-06

    We use the R-matrix theory to fit low-energy data on nuclear reactions involved in Big Bang nucleosynthesis. A special attention is paid to the rate uncertainties which are evaluated on statistical grounds. We provide S factors and reaction rates in tabular and graphical formats.

  15. Big Science, Small Scale Western University has made significant investments in nanotechnology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lennard, William N.

    Big Science, Small Scale Western University has made significant investments in nanotechnology in materials and biomaterials. Nanotechnology is poised to revolutionize and advance many vital sectors in nanotechnology and photonics · Houses state-of-the-art instruments, with tools for SEM capabilities and focused

  16. Using Big Data and Smart Field Technology for Detecting Leakage in a CO2 Storage Projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    of the underground carbon dioxide storage to confine and sustain the injected CO2 for very long time. If a leakageSPE 166137 Using Big Data and Smart Field Technology for Detecting Leakage in a CO2 Storage sequestration of carbon dioxide is one of the most fascinating developing technologies in order to reduce

  17. Before the Big Bang? A Novel Resolution of a Profound Cosmological Puzzle

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Penrose, Roger

    2010-09-01

    The second law of thermodynamics says, in effect, that things get more random as time progresses. Thus, we can deduce that the beginning of the universe - the Big Bang - must have been an extraordinarily precisely organized state. What was the nature of this state? How can such a special state have come about? In Penrose's talk, a novel explanation is suggested.

  18. April 28, 2005 Itty-Bitty and Shrinking, Fusion Device Has Big Ideas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and slams them together to produce helium. Unlike earlier claims of tabletop fusion - "cold fusion," in 1989April 28, 2005 Itty-Bitty and Shrinking, Fusion Device Has Big Ideas By KENNETH CHANG Correction nuclear fusion - the same process that powers the sun - in a footlong cylinder just five inches

  19. BIG: A ResourceBounded Information Gathering and Decision Support Agent \\Lambday

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Xiaoqin

    BIG: A Resource­Bounded Information Gathering and Decision Support Agent \\Lambday Victor Lesser an invaluable information resource but the explosion of available information has made web search a time of accessibility, reliability and associated costs present a complex information gathering coordination problem

  20. BIG: A Resource-Bounded Information Gathering and Decision Support Agent y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    BIG: A Resource-Bounded Information Gathering and Decision Support Agent y Victor Lesser Bryan an invaluable information resource but the explosion of available information has made web search a time of accessibility, reliability and associated costs present a complex information gathering coordination problem

  1. BIG: A Resource-Bounded Information Gathering and Decision Support Agent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raja, Anita

    BIG: A Resource-Bounded Information Gathering and Decision Support Agent ¡ Victor Lesser Bryan an invaluable information resource but the explosion of available information has made web search a time of accessibility, reliability and associated costs present a complex information gathering coordination problem

  2. Why Big Data Industrial Systems Need Rules and What We Can Do About It

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doan, AnHai

    of Wisconsin-Madison, 2 Uber, 3 LinkedIn, 4 @WalmartLabs ABSTRACT Big Data industrial systems that address generation, evaluation, execution, optimization, and maintenance. We discuss ongoing work at Walmart the second and fifth authors were at Walmart- Labs. Permission to make digital or hard copies of all or part

  3. Neutrinos and Arms Control: Thinking Big about Detection of Neutrinos from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Learned, John

    Neutrinos and Arms Control: Thinking Big about Detection of Neutrinos from Reactors at Long detect and monitor any new reactor, in particular one which may be producing illicit nuclear weapons FOR INTERNATIONAL REACTOR MONITORING In the present world political environment when nuclear weapons capability

  4. BigBOSS: The Ground-Based Stage IV BAO Experiment BBiiggBBOOSSSS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    M) for this experiment is expected to be equal to that of a JDEM mission for BAO with the lower risk and cost typical pipeline designs. The BigBOSS project is enabled by the impressive 3 degree diameter field of view of the 4

  5. South Florida Sun-Sentinel.com Third parties attract few votes, can have big impact

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    South Florida Sun-Sentinel.com Third parties attract few votes, can have big impact By Anthony Man for Socialist and PSL for Party for Socialism and Liberation -- don't help much. Hoffman said he recognized one, the former Republican governor of New Mexico. Johnson has a platform that could appeal to people on the left

  6. Assessing the impact of feral hog populations on the natural resources of Big Thicket National Preserve 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chavarria, Pedro Mazier

    2009-05-15

    The Big Thicket National Preserve (BTNP) is a unit of the National Park Service whose mission prioritizes conservation of its wildlands in the United States. One threat to natural resources of the BTNP has been impacts associated with feral hog (Sus...

  7. Abstract: In the era of Big Data are traditional analysis tools and concepts drawn from signal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Abstract: In the era of Big Data are traditional analysis tools and concepts drawn from signal data are often conveniently represented by graphs, with the data becoming functions or signals for Networked Data" Professor José M. F. Moura November 19, 2013 11:00AM Davis Auditorium Electrical Engineering

  8. Efficient Privacy-Preserving Big Data Processing through Proxy-Assisted ORAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Efficient Privacy-Preserving Big Data Processing through Proxy-Assisted ORAM (Extended Abstract a client to securely outsource his private data to the cloud while at the same time to delegate to a third party the right to run certain algorithms on his data. The mechanism is privacy-preserving, meaning

  9. Parallel Gaussian Process Regression for Big Data: Low-Rank Representation Meets Markov Approximation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaillet, Patrick

    Parallel Gaussian Process Regression for Big Data: Low-Rank Representation Meets Markov comes at a cost of poor scalability in the data size. To improve its scalability, this paper presents with larger data). As a result, our LMA method can trade off between the size of the support set and the or

  10. Doctoral Defense "Big Data for Urban Sustainability:Integrating Human Mobility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eustice, Ryan

    Doctoral Defense "Big Data for Urban Sustainability:Integrating Human Mobility Dynamics data, neglecting the individual heterogeneity. Individual travel patterns affect charging behavior to be taken into account in environmental assessments. Using vehicle trajectory data of over 10,000 taxis

  11. Big Blue in the Bottomless Pit: The Early Years of IBM Chile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Medina, Eden

    Big Blue in the Bottomless Pit: The Early Years of IBM Chile Eden Medina Indiana University In examining the history of IBM in Chile, this article asks how IBM came to dominate Chile's computer market and, to address this question, emphasizes the importance of studying both IBM corporate strategy

  12. Big doctor on campus Dr. McGarvey wins District Teacher of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford, Kyle

    Big doctor on campus Dr. McGarvey wins District Teacher of the Year award. Nathan Gonzales Staff. John McGarvey. Unique is one way to put it, award-winning is another one entirely. For 20 years, Dr. Mc on the floor. It took me almost three months to win them over." Through the years, however, McGarvey began

  13. Solving Big Problems Managed by UT-Battelle for the US Department of Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solving Big Problems Managed by UT-Battelle for the US Department of Energy Science and Technology battery research. Project Manager--Lynn Kszos Writers--Deborah Counce, Kathy Graham, Gregory Scott Jones images--iStockphotoTM Editors--Priscilla Henson, David Keim Oak Ridge National Laboratory is managed

  14. Limited sampling hampers "big data" estimation of species richness in a tropical biodiversity hotspot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schierup, Mikkel Heide

    and future of the world's biodiversity in the face of human-induced climate and land-use change has focussedLimited sampling hampers "big data" estimation of species richness in a tropical biodiversity by the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, a center funded by the National Science Foundation

  15. Lithium in cool stellar atmospheres: Big bang nucleosynthesis and extrasolar planets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lithium in cool stellar atmospheres: Big bang nucleosynthesis and extrasolar planets Matthias Steffen and Elisabetta Caffau Sternphysik In metal-poor stellar atmospheres, the Lithium line at 6707 Ã?-NLTE, respectively. The accurate spectroscopic determination of the Lithium abundance and in particular the 6Li/7Li

  16. Surface Urban Heat Island Across 419 Global Big Cities Shushi Peng,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myneni, Ranga B.

    , and we assess several potential biophysical and socio-economic driving factors. Across the big cities, we this has been disputed by several studies.6 On the other side, urban heat island also has negative impacts on the quality of the city life from the aspects of energy consumption, air and water quality, and human health

  17. Biography of Barbara J. Garrison Barbara Jane Garrison was born in Big Rapids, Michigan,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    Biography of Barbara J. Garrison Barbara Jane Garrison was born in Big Rapids, Michigan, on March 7, 1949. After serving as a medic in World War II, Barbara's father Homer "Gary" Garrison had resumed his the eighth grade, was the first in the Garrison family to go to college and he graduated in Pharmacy. Bettie

  18. Monte-Carlo Analysis of Big Bang Production of Beryllium and Boron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Thomas

    1994-12-11

    There is continued interest in the possibility that big bang nucleosynthesis may produce significant quantities of Be and B. In this paper we reevaluate the primordial abundances taking into account uncertainties in reactions rates. We discuss the implications for primordial nucleosynthesis, and for galactic cosmic ray spallation.

  19. Big Bang Nucleosynthesis Constraints on the Self-Gravity of Pressure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saul Rappaport; Josiah Schwab; Scott Burles; Gary Steigman

    2007-10-28

    Using big bang nucleosynthesis and present, high-precision measurements of light element abundances, we constrain the self-gravity of radiation pressure in the early universe. The self-gravity of pressure is strictly non-Newtonian, and thus the constraints we set provide a direct test of this prediction of general relativity and of the standard, Robertson-Walker-Friedmann cosmology.

  20. Dark matter relic abundance and big bang nucleosynthesis in Horava's gravity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lambiase, G. [University of Salerno (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Napoli (Italy)

    2011-05-15

    The cosmological consequences of Horava's gravity are reviewed in the frameworks of the PAMELA experiment (which has reported an excess of positron events that likely can be ascribed to weakly interacting massive particles dark matter) and of big bang nucleosynthesis. Constraints on parameters characterizing Horawa's cosmology are derived.

  1. Constraints on the Self-Gravity of Radiation Pressure via Big Bang Nucleosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saul Rappaport; Josiah Schwab; Scott Burles

    2007-07-24

    Using standard big-bang nucleosynthesis and present, high-precision measurements of light element abundances, we place constraints on the self-gravity of radiation pressure in the early universe. The self-gravity of pressure is strictly non-Newtonian, and thus the constraints we set are a direct test of this aspect of general relativity.

  2. Hypersonic acoustic excitations in binary colloidal crystals: Big versus small hard sphere control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schofield, Andrew B.

    Hypersonic acoustic excitations in binary colloidal crystals: Big versus small hard sphere control January 2007 The phononic band structure of two binary colloidal crystals, at hypersonic frequencies diagrams of the single colloidal crystals of the constituent particles. Besides the acoustic band

  3. A Holistic Architecture for the Internet of Things, Sensing Services and Big Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sreenan, Cormac J.

    A Holistic Architecture for the Internet of Things, Sensing Services and Big Data David Tracey will be required for the billions of devices envisaged in the Internet of Things (IoT). The potential of WSNs called "Internet of Things" (IoT). Definitions of IoT generally share the idea that it relates

  4. Thermodynamics of Apparent Horizon and Friedmann Equations in Big Bounce Universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Molin Liu; Yuling Yang; Jianbo Lv; Lixin Xu

    2014-12-08

    In this paper, the thermodynamics of apparent horizon and Friedmann equations are studied in a big bounce universe typified by a non-singular big bounce, as opposed to a singular big bang. This cosmological model can describe radiation dominated early universe and matter dominated late universe in FRW model. Our calculational results show that Einstein gravitational field equations could be derived by the first law of thermodynamics and the fluid's continuity equation. The connections between thermodynamics and gravity are observed in big bounce universe. In the late stages of cold and hot universes, the apparent horizons are convergent and the time when apparent horizons begin to bounce essentially in agreement with that of universe's scalar factor. In the early stage of both cold and hot universes, we find there is only one geometry containing a 4D de Sitter universe with general state parameter. Furthermore, we also find the form of apparent horizon in early universe is strongly dependent on the extra dimension which suggests that the effect of extra dimension could be found in early universe.

  5. Big Data Challenges for Large Radio Arrays Dayton L. Jones, Kiri Wagstaff, David R. Thompson, Larry D'Addario, Robert Navarro, Chris Mattmann,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagstaff, Kiri L.

    1 Big Data Challenges for Large Radio Arrays Dayton L. Jones, Kiri Wagstaff, David R. Thompson be analyzed or stored affordably with current practices. This is, by definition, a "big data" problem in many other fields. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory is developing technologies to address big data issues

  6. Towards HPC-ABDS: An Initial High-Performance Big Data Stack , School of Informatics and Computing, Indiana University, Bloomington, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Towards HPC-ABDS: An Initial High-Performance Big Data Stack Judy Qiu , School of Informatics effectiveness hampered by the increasing volume, variety and rate of change (velocity) of big data ecosystem, resulting in an integrated system generically called high- performance big data system (HPBDS

  7. 22 July/August 2013 Published by the IEEE Computer Society 0272-1716/13/$31.00 2013 IEEE Big-Data Visualization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Haesun

    22 July/August 2013 Published by the IEEE Computer Society 0272-1716/13/$31.00 © 2013 IEEE Big-Data Visualization Customizing Computational Methods for Visual Analytics with Big Data Jaegul Choo and Haesun Park Georgia Tech Owing to the complexities and obscuri- ties in large-scale datasets ("big data"), interest

  8. A Performance Study of Big Data on Small Nodes Dumitrel Loghin, Bogdan Marius Tudor, Hao Zhang, Beng Chin Ooi, Yong Meng Teo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teo, Yong-Meng

    A Performance Study of Big Data on Small Nodes Dumitrel Loghin, Bogdan Marius Tudor, Hao Zhang,bogdan,zhangh,ooibc,teoym}@comp.nus.edu.sg ABSTRACT The continuous increase in volume, variety and velocity of Big Data exposes datacenter resource systemati- cally conduct a performance study of Big Data execution on small nodes in comparison

  9. Intra- and interspecific responses to Rafinesque’s big-eared bat (Corynorhinus rafinesquii) social calls.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loeb, Susan, C.; Britzke, Eric, R.

    2010-07-01

    Bats respond to the calls of conspecifics as well as to calls of other species; however, few studies have attempted to quantify these responses or understand the functions of these calls. We tested the response of Rafinesque’s big-eared bats (Corynorhinus rafinesquii) to social calls as a possible method to increase capture success and to understand the function of social calls. We also tested if calls of bats within the range of the previously designated subspecies differed, if the responses of Rafinesque’s big-eared bats varied with geographic origin of the calls, and if other species responded to the calls of C. rafinesquii. We recorded calls of Rafinesque’s big-eared bats at two colony roost sites in South Carolina, USA. Calls were recorded while bats were in the roosts and as they exited. Playback sequences for each site were created by copying typical pulses into the playback file. Two mist nets were placed approximately 50–500 m from known roost sites; the net with the playback equipment served as the Experimental net and the one without the equipment served as the Control net. Call structures differed significantly between the Mountain and Coastal Plains populations with calls from the Mountains being of higher frequency and longer duration. Ten of 11 Rafinesque’s big-eared bats were caught in the Control nets and, 13 of 19 bats of other species were captured at Experimental nets even though overall bat activity did not differ significantly between Control and Experimental nets. Our results suggest that Rafinesque’s big-eared bats are not attracted to conspecifics’ calls and that these calls may act as an intraspecific spacing mechanism during foraging.

  10. Chapter 4: The Building Architectural Design

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Skylight performance. Lightpipe cross-section. Translucent insulating skylight panels help to offset more than 75% of the electric lighting load in BigHorn Home...

  11. Fin-line horn antenna

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Reindel, John (San Diego, CA)

    1990-01-01

    A fin line circuit card containing a fin line slot feeds a dipole antenna ich extends a quarterwave outside the waveguide and provides an energy beam focal point at or near the open end of the waveguide. The dipole antenna thus maintains a wide and nearly constant beamwidth, low VSWR and a circular symmetric radiation pattern for use in electronic warfare direction finding and surveillance applications.

  12. Horn Wind | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy Resources JumpNew Jersey:Hopkinsville, Kentucky: EnergyWind Jump to:

  13. From human mobility to renewable energies: Big data analysis to approach worldwide multiscale phenomena

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raischel, Frank; Lind, Pedro G

    2014-01-01

    We address and discuss recent trends in the analysis of big data sets, with the emphasis on studying multiscale phenomena. Applications of big data analysis in different scientific fields are described and two particular examples of multiscale phenomena are explored in more detail. The first one deals with wind power production at the scale of single wind turbines, the scale of entire wind farms and also at the scale of a whole country. Using open source data we show that the wind power production has an intermittent character at all those three scales, with implications for defining adequate strategies for stable energy production. The second example concerns the dynamics underlying human mobility, which presents different features at different scales. For that end, we analyze $12$-month data of the Eduroam database within Portuguese universities, and find that, at the smallest scales, typically within a set of a few adjacent buildings, the characteristic exponents of average displacements are different from...

  14. Reheating and dangerous relics in pre-big bang string cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alessandra Buonanno; Martin Lemoine; Keith A. Olive

    2000-09-27

    We discuss the mechanism of reheating in pre-big bang string cosmology and we calculate the amount of moduli and gravitinos produced gravitationally and in scattering processes of the thermal bath. We find that this abundance always exceeds the limits imposed by big-bang nucleosynthesis, and significant entropy production is required. The exact amount of entropy needed depends on the details of the high curvature phase between the dilaton-driven inflationary era and the radiation era. We show that the domination and decay of the zero-mode of a modulus field, which could well be the dilaton, or of axions, suffices to dilute moduli and gravitinos. In this context, baryogenesis can be accomodated in a simple way via the Affleck-Dine mechanism and in some cases the Affleck-Dine condensate could provide both the source of entropy and the baryon asymmetry.

  15. Effect of recirculation pump trip following anticipated transients without scram at Big Rock Point

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lyon, R.E.

    1981-08-01

    As requested by the US Atomic Energy Commission (now US Nuclear Regulatory Commission) in their Technical Report on Anticipated Transients Without Scram (ATWS) for Water-Cooled Reactors (WASH-1270), Consumers Power Company has submitted analyses which describe the response of their Big Rock Point (BRP) Plant to ATWS. The original analyses were submitted on Febuary 21, 1975, and results indicated that a recirculation pump trip (RPT) was effective in limiting the consequences of an ATWS. The response of BRP to an ATWS was reanalyzed as a part of the Big Rock Point Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA). Results of the analysis were submitted on February 26, 1981, with the conclusion that automatic RPT provides little safety improvement at BRP. Purpose of this report is to evaluate the submitted analyses to determine the effectiveness of Recirculation Pump Trip in ATWS recovery.

  16. Dr. StrangeBox or : how I learned to stop worrying and love urban big box retail

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Press, Jared Harding

    2013-01-01

    Over the past decade, Big Box retailers have been trying to tap into urban markets after years of explicitly avoiding them in favor of suburban environments. In the past few years, retailers have begun experimenting with ...

  17. Decrements in Children's Responses to Big and Tall: A Reconsideration of the Potential Cognitive and Semantic Causes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gathercole, V. C. Mueller

    1980-01-01

    The potential causes of decrements in children's understanding of big and tall (Maratsos, 1973, 1974) are reconsidered. Five hypotheses are examined in detail. Two of them, the strong cognitive hypothesis and the strong semantic hypothesis, offer...

  18. The National Center for Biomedical Ontology Enabling the retrieval, integration, and analysis of "big data" in biomedicine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ungerleider, Leslie G.

    , and analysis of "big data" in biomedicine In June 2012, the Data and Informatics that the NIH "promote data sharing through central and federated catalogs." The foundation of such catalogs for data sharing rests in the ontologies and controlled terminologies

  19. Constraints on unparticle long range forces from big bang nucleosynthesis bounds on the variation of the gravitational coupling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O. Bertolami; N. M. C. Santos

    2009-06-18

    We use big bang nucleosynthesis bounds on the variation of the gravitational coupling to derive constraints on the strength of the deviation from the gravitational inverse-square law due to tensor and vector unparticle exchange.

  20. 11th HEAD Meeting March 14, 2010 Big Island, Hawaii ChaMPlane Galactic Bulge Latitude

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    11th HEAD Meeting March 1­4, 2010 Big Island, Hawaii ChaMPlane Galactic Bulge Latitude Survey, Hilo, HI 96720 U.S.A. http://hea-www.harvard.edu/ChaMPlane/ Zhao/CfA ChaMPlane 1 #12;11th HEAD Meeting observation "Limiting Window", a low extinction window closest to the SgrA* with Av=3.9. We also completed

  1. Our Most Popular Energy Conservation Opportunities - Ideas That Could Save Big Dollars For You 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitney, R. D.; Al-Qattan, I. Y.; Turner, W. C.

    1984-01-01

    ENERGY CONSERVATION OPPORTUNITIES - IDEAS TI-lAT COULD SAVE BIG IDLLARS FUR YOU Richard D. Whitney Ibrahim Y. Al-Qattan Wayne C. Turner Oklahoma Industrial Energy f1anagement Program Oklahoma State University Stillwater, Oklahoma Abstract... program funded by the U.S. Department of Energy with the University Science Center of Philadelphia Acting as a primary manager. The Oklahoma EADC is one of a total of five currently active EADC programs. These programs are located at Georgia Institute...

  2. A Big-Bang Nucleosynthesis Limit on the Neutral Fermion Decays into Neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Motohiko Kusakabe; A. B. Balantekin; Toshitaka Kajino; Y. Pehlivan

    2013-04-09

    Using the primordial helium abundance, an upper limit to the magnetic moments for Dirac neutrinos had been provided by imposing restrictions on the number of the additional helicity states. Considering non-thermal photons produced in the decay of the heavy sterile mass eigenstates due to the neutrino magnetic moment, we explore the constraints imposed by the observed abundances of all the light elements produced during the Big Bang nucleosynthesis.

  3. Out of the white hole: a holographic origin for the Big Bang

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pourhasan, Razieh; Afshordi, Niayesh; Mann, Robert B. E-mail: nafshordi@pitp.ca

    2014-04-01

    While most of the singularities of General Relativity are expected to be safely hidden behind event horizons by the cosmic censorship conjecture, we happen to live in the causal future of the classical Big Bang singularity, whose resolution constitutes the active field of early universe cosmology. Could the Big Bang be also hidden behind a causal horizon, making us immune to the decadent impacts of a naked singularity? We describe a braneworld description of cosmology with both 4d induced and 5D bulk gravity (otherwise known as Dvali-Gabadadze-Porati, or DGP model), which exhibits this feature: the universe emerges as a spherical 3-brane out of the formation of a 5D Schwarzschild black hole. In particular, we show that a pressure singularity of the holographic fluid, discovered earlier, happens inside the white hole horizon, and thus need not be real or imply any pathology. Furthermore, we outline a novel mechanism through which any thermal atmosphere for the brane, with comoving temperature of ?20% of the 5D Planck mass can induce scale-invariant primordial curvature perturbations on the brane, circumventing the need for a separate process (such as cosmic inflation) to explain current cosmological observations. Finally, we note that 5D space-time is asymptotically flat, and thus potentially allows an S-matrix or (after minor modifications) an AdS/CFT description of the cosmological Big Bang.

  4. Necessary and sufficient conditions for big bangs, bounces, crunches, rips, sudden singularities, and extremality events

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Celine Cattoen; Matt Visser

    2005-08-30

    The physically relevant singularities occurring in FRW cosmologies had traditionally been thought to be limited to the "big bang", and possibly a "big crunch". However, over the last few years, the zoo of cosmological singularities considered in the literature has become considerably more extensive, with "big rips" and "sudden singularities" added to the mix, as well as renewed interest in non-singular cosmological events such as "bounces" and "turnarounds". In this article we present a complete catalogue of such cosmological milestones, both at the kinematical and dynamical level. First, using generalized power series, purely kinematical definitions of these cosmological events are provided in terms of the behaviour of the scale factor a(t). The notion of a "scale-factor singularity'" is defined, and its relation to curvature singularities (polynomial and differential) is explored. Second, dynamical information is extracted by using the Friedmann equations (without assuming even the existence of any equation of state) to place constraints on whether or not the classical energy conditions are satisfied at the cosmological milestones. We use these considerations to derive necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of cosmological milestones such as bangs, bounces, crunches, rips, sudden singularities, and extremality events. Since the classification is extremely general, the corresponding results are to a high degree model-independent: In particular, we provide a complete characterization of the class of bangs, crunches, and sudden singularities for which the dominant energy condition is satisfied.

  5. Refined scenario of standard Big Bang nucleosynthesis allowing for nonthermal nuclear reactions in the primordial plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Voronchev, Victor T.; Nakao, Yasuyuki; Nakamura, Makoto; Tsukida, Kazuki [Institute of Nuclear Physics, Moscow State University, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation); Department of Applied Quantum Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Kyushu University, Motooka, Fukuoka 819-0395 (Japan); Division of Advanced Plasma Research, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 2-166 Oaza-Obuchi-Aza-Omotedate, Rokkasho, Kamikita, Aomori 039-3212 (Japan); Department of Applied Quantum Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Kyushu University, Motooka, Fukuoka 819-0395 (Japan)

    2012-11-12

    The standard scenario of big bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) is generalized to take into account nonthermal nuclear reactions in the primordial plasma. These reactions are naturally triggered in the BBN epoch by fast particles generated in various exoergic processes. It is found that, although such particles can appreciably enhance the rates of some individual reactions, their influence on the whole process of element production is not significant. The nonthermal corrections to element abundances are obtained to be 0.1% ({sup 3}H), -0.03% ({sup 7}Li), and 0.34 %-0.63% (CNO group).

  6. World pipeline construction patterns shifting away from big North American gas lines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koen, A.D.; True, W.R.

    1992-02-10

    The pattern of world pipeline construction has begun to shift away from large diameter gas lines in North America. Total miles of gas pipelines planned this year and beyond have registered big increases in Europe and Asia- Pacific regions, more than offsetting decreased mileage of planned U.S. and Canadian gas projects. World products pipeline construction planned in 1992 and beyond shows the largest year to year gain, paced by projects in Latin America. Those are among highlights of this article. Many projects only under study or unlikely to be built are excluded from final mileage tallies.

  7. n+p -> d+gamma for Big-Bang Nucleosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiunn-Wei Chen; Martin J. Savage

    1999-07-09

    The cross section for n+p -> d+gamma is calculated at energies relevant to big bang nucleosynthesis using the recently developed effective field theory that describes the two-nucleon sector. The E1 amplitude is computed up to NNNLO and depends only upon nucleon-nucleon phase shift data. In contrast, the M1 contribution is computed up to NLO, and the four-nucleon-one-magnetic-photon counterterm that enters is determined by the cross section for cold neutron capture. The uncertainty in the calculation for nucleon energies up to E ~ 1 MeV is estimated to be < 4%.

  8. An origin of the universe: a model alternative to Big Bang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrzej Mercik; Szymon Mercik

    2006-04-04

    We propose a new approach to the model of an origin of the universe built by Oscar Klein and Hannes Alfv\\'{e}n. Some modifications of assumptions underlying the model result in a possible scenario of the universe creation consistent with observations. We explain the large scale structre of the universe and we estimate the Hubble constant value as well as the number of galaxies in the universe. The model does not require many assumptions made in the model based on the Big Bang idea.

  9. Big solar-panel maker First Solar and Colorado's Clean Energy Collective

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental JumpInformation BeaufortBentMichigan:Greece)Daddy s BiodieselSky,Big Windy

  10. The Big Thaw: 1663 Science and Technology Magazine | Los National Alamos

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With U.S.Week Day Year(active tab) 2016 « PrevLaboratory THE BIG

  11. The distribution and contaminant exposure of Rafinesque's Big-Eared Bats in South Carolina with an emphasis on bridge surveys.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    F.M. Bennett; S.C. Loeb; W.W. Bowerman

    2003-10-23

    Rafinesque's big-eared bat (Corynorhinus rafinesquii), an insectivorous mammal indigenous to the southern United States, has long been referred to as one of the least known bats in North America. Although there has been a moderate increase in the number of peer-reviewed articles published on this species in the past 6 years, the basic ecology and status of Rafinesque's big-eared bat remains largely obscure. Prior to 1996, when the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) discontinued the list of Candidate Species, Rafinesque's big-eared bat was listed as a Federal Category 2 Candidate species. Currently, Rafinesque's big-eared bat is recognized as a ''species of special concern'' across most of its range but receives no legal protection. Nonetheless, the USFWS and numerous state agencies remain concerned about this species. Further biological research and field study are needed to resolve the conservation status of this taxona. In response to the paucity of information regarding the status and distribution of Rafinesque's big-eared bat, statewide survey of highway bridges used as roost sites was conducted.

  12. U.S. Department of the Interior June 2001 U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for ball clay (30% and 25%, respectively); foundry sand (25%), pet waste absorbent (22%), drilling mud (19. Gonzales Utah * Redmond Clay and Salt Co. Inc. Sanpete * Western Clay Co. Sevier Wyoming * American Colloid Johnson, Natrona, Washakie * M-I Drilling Fluids Inc. Big Horn * Wyo-Ben Inc. Big Horn *Asterisk indicates

  13. Lithium in Very Metal-poor Dwarf Stars - Problems for Standard Big Bang Nucleosynthesis?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David L. Lambert

    2004-10-18

    The standard model of primordial nucleosynthesis by the Big Bang as selected by the WMAP-based estimate of the baryon density ($\\Omega_bh^2$) predicts an abundance of $^7$Li that is a factor of three greater than the generally reported abundance for stars on the Spite plateau, and an abundance of $^6$Li that is about a thousand times less than is found for some stars on the plateau. This review discusses and examines these two discrepancies. They can likely be resolved without major surgery on the standard model of the Big Bang. In particular, stars on the Spite plateau may have depleted their surface lithium abundance over their long lifetime from the WMAP-based predicted abundances down to presently observed abundances, and synthesis of $^6$Li (and $^7$Li) via $\\alpha + \\alpha$ fusion reactions may have occurred in the early Galaxy. Yet, there remain fascinating ways in which to remove the two discrepancies involving aspects of a new cosmology, particularly through the introduction of exotic particles.

  14. Restoring Anadromous Fish Habitat in Big Canyon Creek Watershed, 2004-2005 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rasmussen, Lynn

    2006-07-01

    The ''Restoring Anadromous Fish Habitat in the Big Canyon Creek Watershed'' is a multi-phase project to enhance steelhead trout in the Big Canyon Creek watershed by improving salmonid spawning and rearing habitat. Habitat is limited by extreme high runoff events, low summer flows, high water temperatures, poor instream cover, spawning gravel siltation, and sediment, nutrient and bacteria loading. Funded by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) as part of the Northwest Power Planning Council's Fish and Wildlife Program, the project assists in mitigating damage to steelhead runs caused by the Columbia River hydroelectric dams. The project is sponsored by the Nez Perce Soil and Water Conservation District. Target fish species include steelhead trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Steelhead trout within the Snake River Basin were listed in 1997 as threatened under the Endangered Species Act. Accomplishments for the contract period September 1, 2004 through October 31, 2005 include; 2.7 riparian miles treated, 3.0 wetland acres treated, 5,263.3 upland acres treated, 106.5 riparian acres treated, 76,285 general public reached, 3,000 students reached, 40 teachers reached, 18 maintenance plans completed, temperature data collected at 6 sites, 8 landowner applications received and processed, 14 land inventories completed, 58 habitat improvement project designs completed, 5 newsletters published, 6 habitat plans completed, 34 projects installed, 2 educational workshops, 6 displays, 1 television segment, 2 public service announcements, a noxious weed GIS coverage, and completion of NEPA, ESA, and cultural resources requirements.

  15. Hellsgate Big Game Winter Range Wildlife Mitigation Project : Annual Report 2008.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whitney, Richard P.; Berger, Matthew T.; Rushing, Samuel; Peone, Cory

    2009-01-01

    The Hellsgate Big Game Winter Range Wildlife Mitigation Project (Hellsgate Project) was proposed by the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation (CTCR) as partial mitigation for hydropower's share of the wildlife losses resulting from Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams. At present, the Hellsgate Project protects and manages 57,418 acres (approximately 90 miles2) for the biological requirements of managed wildlife species; most are located on or near the Columbia River (Lake Rufus Woods and Lake Roosevelt) and surrounded by Tribal land. To date we have acquired about 34,597 habitat units (HUs) towards a total 35,819 HUs lost from original inundation due to hydropower development. In addition to the remaining 1,237 HUs left unmitigated, 600 HUs from the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife that were traded to the Colville Tribes and 10 secure nesting islands are also yet to be mitigated. This annual report for 2008 describes the management activities of the Hellsgate Big Game Winter Range Wildlife Mitigation Project (Hellsgate Project) during the past year.

  16. STANDARD BIG BANG NUCLEOSYNTHESIS UP TO CNO WITH AN IMPROVED EXTENDED NUCLEAR NETWORK

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coc, Alain [Centre de Spectrometrie Nucleaire et de Spectrometrie de Masse (CSNSM), CNRS/IN2P3, Universite Paris Sud, UMR 8609, Batiment 104, F-91405 Orsay Campus (France); Goriely, Stephane; Xu, Yi [Institut d'Astronomie et d'Astrophysique, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, CP 226, Boulevard du Triomphe, B-1050 Bruxelles (Belgium); Saimpert, Matthias; Vangioni, Elisabeth [Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, UMR 7095 CNRS, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, 98 bis Boulevard Arago, Paris 75014 (France)

    2012-01-10

    Primordial or big bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) is one of the three strong pieces of evidence for the big bang model together with the expansion of the universe and cosmic microwave background radiation. In this study, we improve the standard BBN calculations taking into account new nuclear physics analyses and enlarge the nuclear network up to sodium. This is, in particular, important to evaluate the primitive value of CNO mass fraction that could affect Population III stellar evolution. For the first time we list the complete network of more than 400 reactions with references to the origin of the rates, including Almost-Equal-To 270 reaction rates calculated using the TALYS code. Together with the cosmological light elements, we calculate the primordial beryllium, boron, carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen nuclei. We performed a sensitivity study to identify the important reactions for CNO, {sup 9}Be, and boron nucleosynthesis. We re-evaluated those important reaction rates using experimental data and/or theoretical evaluations. The results are compared with precedent calculations: a primordial beryllium abundance increase by a factor of four compared to its previous evaluation, but we note a stability for B/H and for the CNO/H abundance ratio that remains close to its previous value of 0.7 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -15}. On the other hand, the extension of the nuclear network has not changed the {sup 7}Li value, so its abundance is still 3-4 times greater than its observed spectroscopic value.

  17. Corrected constraints on big bang nucleosynthesis in a modified gravity model of $f(R) \\propto R^n$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kusakabe, Motohiko; Kim, K S; Cheoun, Myung-Ki

    2015-01-01

    Big bang nucleosynthesis in a modified gravity model of $f(R)\\propto R^n$ is investigated. The only free parameter of the model is a power-law index $n$. We find cosmological solutions in a parameter region of $1big bang nucleosynthesis. We compare the results with the latest observational data. It is then found that the power-law index is constrained to be $(n-1)=(-0.86\\pm 1.19)\\times 10^{-4}$ (95 % C.L.) mainly from observations of deuterium abundance as well as $^4$He abundance.

  18. Abstract--The rising popularity of cloud computing and big data applications has led to massive volumes of rack-to-rack

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergman, Keren

    Abstract--The rising popularity of cloud computing and big data applications has led to massive computing and big data applications continue to grow in scope and scale, they introduce increasing inter unicast, multicast, incast and all-to-all cast. Effective support of these traffic patterns in data center

  19. Poster Session--Fuel Consumption During Prescribed Fires in Big Sage--Wright, Ottmar USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-189. 2008. 363

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poster Session--Fuel Consumption During Prescribed Fires in Big Sage--Wright, Ottmar USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-189. 2008. 363 Fuel Consumption During Prescribed Fires in Big Sage Ecosystems1 Clinton S. Wright2 and Roger D. Ottmar2 Introduction Fuel consumption was evaluated for a series

  20. 3/4/2014 Big ideas for tinywindmills at UTA | Electric Power News | EnergyCentral http://www.energycentral.com/news/en/31705741/Big-ideas-for-tiny-windmills-at-UTA? 1/2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiao, Jung-Chih

    power plant Next Nuclear, coal-fired plants will remain staples of energy industry, PPL says Email3/4/2014 Big ideas for tinywindmills at UTA | Electric Power News | EnergyCentral http Worth Star-Telegram Millions of tiny windmills could one day power wireless sensors that detect cracks

  1. Fuel switch could bring big savings for HECO Liquefied natural gas beats low-sulfur oil in cost and equipment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuel switch could bring big savings for HECO Liquefied natural gas beats low-sulfur oil in cost gas instead of continuing to burn low-sulfur fuel oil, a report said. Switching to liquefied natural who switch from gasoline-powered vehicles to ones fueled by compressed natural gas could save as much

  2. Running head: PHARMACEUTICAL ADVERTISING Of Plight and Providence: Big Pharma and The Effects of Pharmaceutical Advertising on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Zhongping

    Running head: PHARMACEUTICAL ADVERTISING 1 Of Plight and Providence: Big Pharma and The Effects of Pharmaceutical Advertising on U.S. patients with RLS, Insomnia, GERD, and GAD Farley Hamada Advisor: Dr. Keith Murphy University of California, Irvine Spring 2011 #12;Running head: PHARMACEUTICAL ADVERTISING 2

  3. Prior-free Mechanisms The big challenge that separates mechanism design from (non-game-theoretic) optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fiat, Amos

    Chapter 6 Prior-free Mechanisms The big challenge that separates mechanism design from (non-game-theoretic) optimization is that the incentive constraints in mechanism design bind across all valuation profiles. E design gives a mechanism for all of type-space that must trade-off performance on one input for another

  4. 1500 VOLUME 17 | NUMBER 11 | NOVEMBER 2014 nature neuroscience r e v i e w focus on big data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    1500 VOLUME 17 | NUMBER 11 | NOVEMBER 2014 nature neuroscience r e v i e w focus on big data and exploratory analyses of large data sets. Critically, we show that there are settings in which data. Dimensionality reduction methods produce low-dimensional representations of high-dimensional data, where

  5. SUN3D: A Database of Big Spaces Reconstructed using SfM and Object Labels Jianxiong Xiao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao, Jianxiong

    SUN3D: A Database of Big Spaces Reconstructed using SfM and Object Labels Jianxiong Xiao Princeton introduce SUN3D, a large-scale RGB-D video database with camera pose and object labels, capturing the full 3- rameterized by its rotation and translation. The SUN3D database, the source code for the generalized bundle

  6. Fusion power faces big crunch Europe poised to decide whether to go it alone on 3bn trial reactor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fusion power faces big crunch Europe poised to decide whether to go it alone on £3bn trial reactor rewards: cheap, clean and almost limitless electricity for an increasingly energy-hungry planet. But), an ambitious, £3bn project that aims to prove, once and for all, that fusion power offers the best solution

  7. Vegetation patterns of Pine Canyon, Big Bend National Park, Texas, in relation to elevation and slope aspect 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Bryan Joseph

    1997-01-01

    Data on the woody vegetation of Pine Canyon, Big Bend National Park, Texas was gathered on an elevational gradient from 1250 m to 2000 m elevation using the point-centered quarter method. Sampling was conducted at 12 sites at 1250 m, 1500 m, 1625 m...

  8. Next generation hyper-scale software and hardware systems for big data analytics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CERN. Geneva

    2013-01-01

    Building on foundational technologies such as many-core systems, non-volatile memories and photonic interconnects, we describe some current technologies and future research to create real-time, big data analytics, IT infrastructure. We will also briefly describe some of our biologically-inspired software and hardware architecture for creating radically new hyper-scale cognitive computing systems. About the speaker Rich Friedrich is the director of Strategic Innovation and Research Services (SIRS) at HP Labs. In this strategic role, he is responsible for research investments in nano-technology, exascale computing, cyber security, information management, cloud computing, immersive interaction, sustainability, social computing and commercial digital printing. Rich's philosophy is to fuse strategy and inspiration to create compelling capabilities for next generation information devices, systems and services. Using essential insights gained from the metaphysics of innnovation, he effectively leads ...

  9. Big Bang Nucleosynthesis Constraints on Hadronically and Electromagnetically Decaying Relic Neutral Particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karsten Jedamzik

    2006-11-10

    Big Bang nucleosynthesis in the presence of decaying relic neutral particles is examined in detail. All non-thermal processes important for the determination of light-element abundance yields of 2H, 3H, 3He, 4He, 6Li, and 7Li are coupled to the thermonuclear fusion reactions to obtain comparatively accurate results. Predicted light-element yields are compared to observationally inferred limits on primordial light-element abundances to infer constraints on the abundances and properties of relic decaying particles with decay times in the interval 0.01 sec < tau < 10^(12) sec. Decaying particles are typically constrained at early times by 4He or 2H, at intermediate times by 6Li, and at large times by the 3He/2H ratio. Constraints are shown for a large number of hadronic branching ratios and decaying particle masses and may be applied to constrain the evolution of the early Universe.

  10. Towards Real-Time Detection and Tracking of Blob-Filaments in Fusion Plasma Big Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Lingfei; Sim, Alex; Churchill, Michael; Choi, Jong Y; Stathopoulos, Andreas; Chang, Cs; Klasky, Scott

    2015-01-01

    Magnetic fusion could provide an inexhaustible, clean, and safe solution to the global energy needs. The success of magnetically-confined fusion reactors demands steady-state plasma confinement which is challenged by the blob-filaments driven by the edge turbulence. Real-time analysis can be used to monitor the progress of fusion experiments and prevent catastrophic events. However, terabytes of data are generated over short time periods in fusion experiments. Timely access to and analyzing this amount of data demands properly responding to extreme scale computing and big data challenges. In this paper, we apply outlier detection techniques to effectively tackle the fusion blob detection problem on extremely large parallel machines. We present a real-time region outlier detection algorithm to efficiently find blobs in fusion experiments and simulations. In addition, we propose an efficient scheme to track the movement of region outliers over time. We have implemented our algorithms with hybrid MPI/OpenMP and ...

  11. Concentric circles in WMAP data may provide evidence of violent pre-Big-Bang activity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. G. Gurzadyan; R. Penrose

    2010-11-16

    Conformal cyclic cosmology (CCC) posits the existence of an aeon preceding our Big Bang 'B', whose conformal infinity 'I' is identified, conformally, with 'B', now regarded as a spacelike 3-surface. Black-hole encounters, within bound galactic clusters in that previous aeon, would have the observable effect, in our CMB sky, of families of concentric circles over which the temperature variance is anomalously low, the centre of each such family representing the point of 'I' at which the cluster converges. These centres appear as fairly randomly distributed fixed points in our CMB sky. The analysis of Wilkinson Microwave Background Probe's (WMAP) cosmic microwave background 7-year maps does indeed reveal such concentric circles, of up to 6{\\sigma} significance. This is confirmed when the same analysis is applied to BOOMERanG98 data, eliminating the possibility of an instrumental cause for the effects. These observational predictions of CCC would not be easily explained within standard inflationary cosmology.

  12. The Big Bang, COBE, and the Relic Radiation of Creation (LBNL Science at the Theater)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Smoot, George

    2011-04-28

    Berkeley Lab's George Smoot won the 2006 Physics Nobel Prize, together with John Mather of NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, for "the discovery of the blackbody form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation." The anisotropy showed as small variations in the map of the early universe. This research looks back into the infant universe and provides a better understanding of the origin of galaxies and stars. The cosmic background radiation is a tool to understand the structure and history of the universe and the structure of space-time. These observations have provided increased support for the big bang theory of the universe's origin. The Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE) NASA satellite, launched in 1989, carries instruments that measured various aspects of cosmic microwave background radiation, and produced the data for these compelling scientific results, which opened up a field that continues very actively today.

  13. Relic High Frequency Gravitational waves from the Big Bang, and How to Detect Them

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. W. Beckwith

    2009-01-14

    We show conditions for HFGW detection, employing an entropy concept written up by Jack Ng, and Steinhard's proceedure for reconstructing tensorial representations for relic HFGW from the onset of the big bang. The issue of the reality of gravitons as a measurable physical object which was raised by Rothman in 2006 is indirectly answered via a proceedure obtained from Weinberg's 1972 book on gravitation, and all the methodologies so obtained are referenced with respect to engineering specifications of the Li-Baker HFGW detector. In addition, the document also refers to entanglement entropy, and its possible aid in refining measurement predictions. Finally, commentary about HFGW and relic neutrino physics data sets is included, with regards to inflationary model candidates

  14. Big bang nucleosynthesis constrains the total annihilation cross section of neutralino dark matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao-Jun Bi

    2008-04-17

    Assuming the lightest neutralino forms dark matter, we study its residual annihilation after freeze-out at the early universe. If taking place after the big bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) the annihilation products, especially at the hadronic modes, may cause nonthermal nuclear reaction and change the prediction of the primordial abundance of light elements in the standard BBN scenario. We therefore put constraints on the neutralino annihilation cross section. These constraints are free of the uncertainties of the dark matter profile today suffered by direct or indirect detection of dark matter. We find the constraints by BBN is important, especially when taking large $\\tan\\beta$. If the light element abundances can be determined with higher precision in the future the constraint will become very strong, so that a majority of the parameter space allowed by the relic density requirement may be excluded.

  15. Constraining scalar dark matter with Big Bang nucleosynthesis and atomic spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadnik, Y V

    2015-01-01

    Scalar dark matter can interact with Standard Model (SM) particles, altering the fundamental constants of Nature in the process. Changes in the fundamental constants during and before Big Bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) produce changes in the primordial abundances of the light elements. In particular, the primordial abundance of $^{4}$He is predominantly determined by the ratio of the neutron-proton mass difference to freeze-out temperature at the time of the weak interaction freeze-out prior to BBN, which is a sensitive function of the fundamental constants. By comparing the measured and calculated (within the SM) primordial abundance of $^{4}$He, we are able to derive stringent constraints on the mass of a scalar dark matter particle $\\phi$ together with its interactions with photons, light quarks and massive vector bosons via linear and quadratic couplings in $\\phi$. We also derive constraints on the quadratic interaction of $\\phi$ with photons from recent atomic dysprosium spectroscopy measurements.

  16. Constraining scalar dark matter with Big Bang nucleosynthesis and atomic spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. V. Stadnik; V. V. Flambaum

    2015-04-12

    Scalar dark matter can interact with Standard Model (SM) particles, altering the fundamental constants of Nature in the process. Changes in the fundamental constants during and prior to Big Bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) produce changes in the primordial abundances of the light elements. By comparing the measured and calculated (within the SM) primordial abundance of $^{4}$He, which is predominantly determined by the ratio of the neutron-proton mass difference to freeze-out temperature at the time of weak interaction freeze-out prior to BBN, we are able to derive stringent constraints on the mass of a scalar dark matter particle $\\phi$ together with its interactions with the photon, light quarks and massive vector bosons via quadratic couplings in $\\phi$, as well as its interactions with massive vector bosons via linear couplings in $\\phi$. We also derive a stringent constraint on the quadratic interaction of $\\phi$ with the photon from recent atomic dysprosium spectroscopy measurements.

  17. Warrior dreams: playing Scotsmen in mainland Europe, 1945 – 2010 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hesse, David Johannes

    2011-11-22

    At the beginning of the twenty first century, thousands of adult Europeans are playing Scotsmen. They dress up in kilts and tartan, parade in military-style bagpipe bands, toss tree trunks at Highland Games, commemorate ...

  18. Vinyasa Flow Awaken your inner warrior! This dynamic flow infuses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -1pm Informal Recreation Open Gym Basketball-6/17-8/14 Gym 147 Monday's and Wednesdays: 12-1pm #12;.sfsu.edu/~recsport Gentle Hatha Yoga 12-1pm (BH6) -Jacalyn Dance-Begins 6/17 12-1pm (Gym 100J) -Mo PIYO® 12-1pm (Gym 149) -Adair 6/10-7/23 Vinyasa Flow 12-1pm (BH6) -Jeff ZUMBA®-Begins 6/18 12-1pm (Gym 100) -Erika- XL Strength

  19. Ancient Warriors and the Origin of Chinese Purple

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O O D S TAPropaneandAn3 Table 3.InnovationAncient

  20. File:EIA-BlackWarrior-BOE.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New Pages Recent Changes AllApschem.pdf Jump to:ColoradoBOE.pdf Jump to:BOE.pdf