National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for war environmental legacy

  1. Linking Legacies: Connecting the Cold War Nuclear Weapons Production...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Linking Legacies: Connecting the Cold War Nuclear Weapons Production Processes to Their Environmental Consequences Linking Legacies: Connecting the Cold War Nuclear Weapons...

  2. Linking legacies: Connecting the Cold War nuclear weapons production processes to their environmental consequences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-01-01

    In the aftermath of the Cold War, the US has begun addressing the environmental consequences of five decades of nuclear weapons production. In support of this effort, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995 directed the Department of Energy (DOE) to describe the waste streams generated during each step in the production of nuclear weapons. Accordingly, this report responds to this mandate, and it is the Department`s first comprehensive analysis of the sources of waste and contamination generated by the production of nuclear weapons. The report also contains information on the missions and functions of nuclear weapons facilities, on the inventories of waste and materials remaining at these facilities, as well as on the extent and characteristics of contamination in and around these facilities. This analysis unites specific environmental impacts of nuclear weapons production with particular production processes. The Department used historical records to connect nuclear weapons production processes with emerging data on waste and contamination. In this way, two of the Department`s legacies--nuclear weapons manufacturing and environmental management--have become systematically linked. The goal of this report is to provide Congress, DOE program managers, non-governmental analysts, and the public with an explicit picture of the environmental results of each step in the nuclear weapons production and disposition cycle.

  3. Status of Environmental Management Initiatives to Accelerate the Reduction of Environmental Risks and Challenges Posed by the Legacy of the Cold War

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This Report to Congress was prepared pursuant to section 3130 of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year (FY) 2008, and summarized the EM program and initiatives to accelerate the reduction of environmental risks and challenges posed by the legacy of the Cold War.

  4. Status of Environmental Management Initiatives to Accelerate the Reduction of Environmental Risks and Challenges Posed by the Legacy of the Cold War

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-01-01

    Fifty years of nuclear weapons production and energy research in the United States during the Cold War generated large amounts of radioactive wastes, spent nuclear fuel (SNF), excess plutonium and uranium, thousands of contaminated facilities, and contaminated soil and groundwater. During most of that half century, the Nation did not have the environmental regulatory structure or nuclear waste cleanup technologies that exist today. The result was a legacy of nuclear waste that was stored and disposed of in ways now considered unacceptable. Cleaning up and ultimately disposing of these wastes is the responsibility of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). In 1989, DOE established the Office of Environmental Management (EM) to solve the large scale and technically challenging risks posed by the world's largest nuclear cleanup. This required EM to build a new nuclear cleanup infrastructure, assemble and train a technically specialized workforce, and develop the technologies and tools required to safely decontaminate, disassemble, stabilize, disposition, and remediate unique radiation hazards. The sites where nuclear activities produced legacy waste and contamination include the original Manhattan Project sites--Los Alamos, New Mexico; Hanford, Washington; and Oak Ridge, Tennessee--as well as major Cold War sites, such as Savannah River Site, South Carolina; the Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho; Rocky Flats Plant, Colorado; and Fernald, Ohio. Today EM has responsibility for nuclear cleanup activities at 21 sites covering more than two million acres in 13 states, and employs more than 30,000 Federal and contractor employees, including scientists, engineers and hazardous waste technicians. This cleanup poses unique, technically complex problems, which must be solved under the most hazardous of conditions, and which will require billions of dollars a year for several more decades. The EM program focus during its first 10 years was on managing the most urgent risks and maintaining safety at each site while negotiating state and Federal environmental compliance agreements. The program also concentrated on characterizing waste and nuclear materials and assessing the magnitude and extent of environmental contamination. By the late 1990s, EM had made significant progress in identifying and characterizing the extent of contamination and cleanup required and began transitioning from primarily a characterization and stabilization program to an active cleanup and closure program. During that time, EM formulated multi-year cleanup and closure plans, which contributed to cleanup progress; however, reducing the overall environmental risk associated with the cleanup program remained a challenge. In response, the Secretary of Energy directed a review of the EM program be undertaken. The resulting 'Top-to Bottom Review' re-directed the program focus from managing risks to accelerating the reduction of these risks.

  5. Environmental Remediation program completes legacy mercury cleanup...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Environmental Stewardship Environmental Cleanup Feature Stories Legacy slope-side cleanup Environmental Remediation program completes legacy mercury cleanup near Smith's...

  6. The Department of Energy Announces Major Cold War Legacy Waste...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    This marks an important milestone in DOE's mission to clean up the country's Cold War legacy. "This accomplishment reflects the hard work and dedication of our workers and...

  7. War women: a motivating legacy enhanced

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    House, Felice

    2006-08-16

    motivation to enroll in the ?hidden army? of war workers. In 1940 a waitress averaged $14 a week while a woman shipyard worker took home $37 a week [8]. Many laundries and restaurants closed during the war because they could not retain workers at the rates...

  8. Risk-Based Ranking Experiences for Cold War Legacy Facilities in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Droppo, James G.

    2003-05-01

    Over the past two decades, a number of government agencies in the United States have faced increasing public scrutiny for their efforts to address the wide range of potential environmental issues related to Cold War legacies. Risk-based ranking was selected as a means of defining the relative importance of issues. Ambitious facility-wide risk-based ranking applications were undertaken. However, although facility-wide risk-based ranking efforts can build invaluable understanding of the potential issues related to Cold War legacies, conducting such efforts is difficult because of the potentially enormous scope and the potentially strong institutional barriers. The U.S. experience is that such efforts are worth undertaking to start building a knowledge base and infrastructure that are based on a thorough understanding of risk. In both the East and the West, the legacy of the Cold War includes a wide range of potential environmental issues associated with large industrial complexes of weapon production facilities. The responsible agencies or ministries are required to make decisions that could benefit greatly from information on the relative importance of these potential issues. Facility-wide risk-based ranking of potential health and environmental issues is one means to help these decision makers. The initial U.S. risk-based ranking applications described in this chapter were “ground-breaking” in that they defined new methodologies and approaches to meet the challenges. Many of these approaches fit the designation of a population-centred risk assessment. These U.S. activities parallel efforts that are just beginning for similar facilities in the countries of the former Soviet Union. As described below, conducting a facility-wide risk-based ranking has special challenges and potential pitfalls. Little guidance exists to conduct major risk-based rankings. For those considering undertaking such efforts, the material contained in this chapter should be useful background information.

  9. Environmental consequences of nuclear war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Toon, Owen B. [Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado (United States); Robock, Alan [Department of Environmental Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey (United States); Turco, Richard P. [Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California (United States)

    2014-05-09

    A regional war involving 100 Hiroshima-sized weapons would pose a worldwide threat due to ozone destruction and climate change. A superpower confrontation with a few thousand weapons would be catastrophic.

  10. Standing by Ohio: Cleaning Up our Environmental Legacy

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Deputy Secretary of Energy Dan Poneman visits Ohio to mark a milestone in the Departments efforts to clean up our environmental legacy.

  11. Linking Legacies: Connecting the Cold War Nuclear Weapons Production

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-inPPLforLDRDEnergyTurbineProcesses to Their Environmental Consequences |

  12. TRASH TO TREASURE: CONVERTING COLD WAR LEGACY WASTE INTO WEAPONS AGAINST CANCER

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicholas, R.G.; Lacy, N.H.; Butz, T.R.; Brandon, N.E.

    2004-10-06

    As part of its commitment to clean up Cold War legacy sites, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has initiated an exciting and unique project to dispose of its inventory of uranium-233 (233U) stored at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), and extract isotopes that show great promise in the treatment of deadly cancers. In addition to increasing the supply of potentially useful medical isotopes, the project will rid DOE of a nuclear concern and cut surveillance and security costs. For more than 30 years, DOE's ORNL has stored over 1,200 containers of fissile 233U, originally produced for several defense-related projects, including a pilot study that looked at using 233U as a commercial reactor fuel. This uranium, designated as special nuclear material, requires expensive security, safety, and environmental controls. It has been stored at an ORNL facility, Building 3019A, that dates back to the Manhattan Project. Down-blending the material to a safer form, rather than continuing to store it, will eliminate a $15 million a year financial liability for the DOE and increase the supply of medical isotopes by 5,700 percent. During the down-blending process, thorium-229 (229Th) will be extracted. The thorium will then be used to extract actinium-225 (225Ac), which will ultimately supply its progeny, bismuth-213 (213Bi), for on-going cancer research. The research includes Phase II clinical trials for the treatment of acute myelogenous leukemia at Sloan-Kettering Memorial Cancer Center in New York, as well as other serious cancers of the lungs, pancreas, and kidneys using a technique known as alpha-particle radioimmunotherapy. Alpha-particle radioimmunotherapy is based on the emission of alpha particles by radionuclides. 213Bi is attached to a monoclonal antibody that targets specific cells. The bismuth then delivers a high-powered but short-range radiation dose, effectively killing the cancerous cells but sparing the surrounding tissue. Production of the actinium and bismuth would be a private venture at no cost to the government. Isotek Systems, LLC, was commissioned by the DOE to execute the project, known as the 233U Disposition, Medical Isotope Production, and Building 3019 Complex Shutdown Project. Isotek is a partnership between Duratek Federal Services, Burns and Roe Enterprises, and Nuclear Fuel Services. By pooling their pioneering experiences in nuclear engineering and design, nuclear recycling, and waste management, the partnership has developed a novel process to meet this clean-up milestone. The project is not only important for its cancer treatment potential, but also for setting the stage for reducing global threats through the down-blending of materials.

  13. Legacy Environmental Solutions | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma, Arizona: EnergyLebanon County,Leflore County, Mississippi:Legacy

  14. Updated Appendices to the Status of Environmental Management...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    the Reduction of Environmental Risks and Challenges Posed by the Legacy of the Cold War Report to Congress Updated Appendices to the Status of Environmental Management...

  15. Architectural Framework for Addressing Legacy Waste from the Cold War - 13611

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Love, Gregory A.; Glazner, Christopher G.; Steckley, Sam [The MITRE Corporation, 7515 Colshire Drive, McLean, VA 22102 (United States)] [The MITRE Corporation, 7515 Colshire Drive, McLean, VA 22102 (United States)

    2013-07-01

    We present an architectural framework for the use of a hybrid simulation model of enterprise-wide operations used to develop system-level insight into the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) environmental cleanup of legacy nuclear waste at the Savannah River Site. We use this framework for quickly exploring policy and architectural options, analyzing plans, addressing management challenges and developing mitigation strategies for DOE Office of Environmental Management (EM). The socio-technical complexity of EM's mission compels the use of a qualitative approach to complement a more a quantitative discrete event modeling effort. We use this model-based analysis to pinpoint pressure and leverage points and develop a shared conceptual understanding of the problem space and platform for communication among stakeholders across the enterprise in a timely manner. This approach affords the opportunity to discuss problems using a unified conceptual perspective and is also general enough that it applies to a broad range of capital investment/production operations problems. (authors)

  16. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Fernald Environmental Management...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Fernald Environmental Management Project - 027 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Fernald Environmental Management Project (027) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation...

  17. Ten Years of Legacy Management: U.S. DOE Office of Legacy Management Accomplishments - 13246

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carter, Tony [U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management, 1000 Independence Ave. SW, Washington, DC 20585 (United States)] [U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management, 1000 Independence Ave. SW, Washington, DC 20585 (United States); Miller, Judith [S.M. Stoller Corporation, 2597 Legacy Way, Grand Junction, CO 81503 (United States)] [S.M. Stoller Corporation, 2597 Legacy Way, Grand Junction, CO 81503 (United States)

    2013-07-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) established the Office of Legacy Management (LM) to provide a long-term, sustainable solution to environmental impacts that remain from nuclear weapons production during World War II and the Cold War. The production activities created adverse environmental conditions at over 100 sites. When LM was established on December 15, 2003, it became responsible for 33 sites where active environmental remediation was complete. Currently, LM is responsible for long-term surveillance and maintenance of environmental remedies, promotion of beneficial reuse of land and buildings, and management of records and information at 89 sites in 29 states and Puerto Rico. LM is also responsible for meeting contractual obligations associated with former contractor workers' pensions and post-retirement benefits. Effectively addressing this environmental and human legacy will continue to require a focused and well-managed effort. (authors)

  18. STS.436 Cold War Science, Spring 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaiser, David

    This course examines the history and legacy of the Cold War on science, looking predominantly at examples in the United States. It begins by exploring scientists new political roles after World War II, ranging from elite ...

  19. The Ghost of the Bomb : the Bravo Medical Program, scientific uncertainty, and the legacy of U.S. Cold War science, 1954-2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harkewicz, Laura J.

    2010-01-01

    impact of nuclear energy and atomic politics on the lives ofWar politics centered on national security through nuclear

  20. Cleaning up the Legacy of the Cold War: Plutonium Oxides and the Role of Synchrotron Radiation Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clark, David Lewis

    2015-01-21

    The deceptively simple binary formula of AnO2 belies an incredibly complex structural nature, and propensity to form mixed-valent, nonstoichiometric phases of composition AnO2x. For plutonium, the very formation of PuO2+x has challenged a long-established dogma, and raised fundamental questions for long-term storage and environmental migration. This presentation covers two aspects of Los Alamos synchrotron radiation studies of plutonium oxides: (1) the structural chemistry of laboratory-prepared AnO2+x systems (An = U, Pu; 0 ? x ? 0.25) determined through a combination of x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy (XAFS) and x-ray scattering of laboratory prepared samples; and (2) the application of synchrotron radiation towards the decontamination and decommissioning of the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site. Making the case for particle transport mechanisms as the basis of plutonium and americium mobility, rather than aqueous sorption-desorption processes, established a successful scientific basis for the dominance of physical transport processes by wind and water. The scientific basis was successful because it was in agreement with general theory on insolubility of PuO2 in oxidation state IV, results of ultrafiltration analyses of field water/sediment samples, XAFS analyses of soil, sediment, and concrete samples, and was also in general agreement with on-site monitoring data. This understanding allowed Site contractors to rapidly move to application of soil erosion and sediment transport models as the means of predicting plutonium and americium transport, which led to design and application of site-wide soil erosion control technology to help control downstream concentrations of plutonium and americium in streamflow.

  1. The Ghost of the Bomb : the Bravo Medical Program, scientific uncertainty, and the legacy of U.S. Cold War science, 1954-2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harkewicz, Laura J.

    2010-01-01

    Peace and War, 170 175; Hacker, Elements of Controversy,131 139. Hacker, Elements of Controversy, 140; ACHRE,Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, Hacker, Barton C. The Dragons

  2. The Ghost of the Bomb : the Bravo Medical Program, scientific uncertainty, and the legacy of U.S. Cold War science, 1954-2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harkewicz, Laura J.

    2010-01-01

    Safety in the Manhattan Project, 1942 1946. Berkeley:Nuclear Badlands: The Manhattan Project in Post-Cold War Newbomb through the Manhattan Project and its asserted role in

  3. Closing the circle on the splitting of the atom: The environmental legacy of nuclear weapons production in the United States and what the Department of Energy is doing about it

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-01-01

    In the grand scheme of things we are a little more than halfway through the cycle of splitting the atom for weapons purposes. If we visualize this historic cycle as the full sweep of a clockface, at zero hour we would find the first nuclear chain reaction by Enrico Fermi, followed immediately by the Manhattan Project and the explosion of the first atomic bombs. From two o`clock until five, the United States built and ran a massive industrial complex that produced tens of thousands of nuclear weapons. At half past, the Cold War ended, and the United States shut down most of its nuclear weapons factories. The second half of this cycle involves dealing with the waste and contamination from nuclear weapons production - a task that had, for the most part, been postponed into the indefinite future. That future is now upon us. Dealing with the environmental legacy of the Cold War is in many ways as big a challenge for us today as the building of the atomic bomb was for the Manhattan Project pioneers in the 1940s. Our challenges are political and social as well as technical, and we are meeting those challenges. We are reducing risks, treating wastes, developing new technologies, and building democratic institutions for a constructive debate on our future course.

  4. Environmental Research 105 (2007) 87100 The slow recovery of San Francisco Bay from the legacy of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01

    , Livermore, CA 94551, USA c Regional Water Quality Control Board, San Francisco Bay Region, 1515 Clay St of the Bay from these inputs and predict its future improvement. Legacy pesticides enter the water contaminated sediment deposits, and dredging and disposal of dredged material. Runoff from small

  5. The Ghost of the Bomb : the Bravo Medical Program, scientific uncertainty, and the legacy of U.S. Cold War science, 1954-2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harkewicz, Laura J.

    2010-01-01

    issues such as health, recreation, and happiness creating a long-term impact on environmental politics, and,

  6. Environmental Programs: Status of Work and Current Priorities for FY13

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, Patricia [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-08-17

    Presentation outline is: Mission/overview, Regulatory framework, Current status of cleanup, Shift in priorities to address highest risk, Removal of above-ground waste, Continued focus on protecting water resources, and Priorities for fiscal year 2013. LANL's Environmental Mission is to: (1) Repack and ship legacy transuranic waste containers; (2) Investigate and remediate Cold War (legacy) hazardous and radioactive waste areas; (3) Demolish unused buildings; (4) Disposition solid waste from Laboratory operations; and (5) Lifecycle cost nearly $3 billion.

  7. A vital legacy: Biological and environmental research in the atomic age

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vaughan, D.

    1997-09-01

    This booklet presents a summary of the five decades of biological and environmental research in the atomic age. It commemorates the contributions to science and society during these decades and concludes with a view to the years ahead. The Contents includes `Safety First: in the Shadow of a New Technology; A Healthy Citizenry: Gifts of the New Era; and Environmental Concerns: From Meteorology to Ecology`. The conclusion is titled `An Enduring Mandate: Looking to the Future`.

  8. Civil War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blattman, Christopher; Miguel, Edward

    2009-01-01

    World Bank 2008). Civil war incidence is drawn from theforthcoming. "Health and Civil War in Burundi." Journal ofMazurana. 2008. "Survey of War Affected Youth: Phase I & II

  9. Under-examined aspects of the potential environmental effects of nuclear war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MacCracken, M.C.; Penner, J.E.

    1987-07-01

    In addition to destroying the area near the explosions, a nuclear war would lead to injection of a wide range of substances into the environment, both as a result of the delivery systems and explosions themselves and as a consequence of the blast, fires, and resulting destruction and disruption. While addressing the many remaining uncertainties concerning the effects of smoke injections on climate is the major topic of present research, there are a number of other potential impacts that could have major consequences, but which are currently poorly understood and have not yet been carefully examined. These under-examined effects include perturbations to atmospheric chemistry, the effects of injections of dust and water (which could create ice particles), the consequences of emissions from the smoldering phase of the fires, resuspension of materials due to perturbed surface conditions, and a range of other potential consequences.

  10. Going Extreme For Small Solutions To Big Environmental Challenges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bagwell, Christopher E.

    2011-03-31

    This chapter is devoted to the scale, scope, and specific issues confronting the cleanup and long-term disposal of the U.S. nuclear legacy generated during WWII and the Cold War Era. The research reported is aimed at complex microbiological interactions with legacy waste materials generated by past nuclear production activities in the United States. The intended purpose of this research is to identify cost effective solutions to the specific problems (stability) and environmental challenges (fate, transport, exposure) in managing and detoxifying persistent contaminant species. Specifically addressed are high level waste microbiology and bacteria inhabiting plutonium laden soils in the unsaturated subsurface.

  11. DOE Reaches Recovery Act Goal With Cleanup of All Legacy Transuranic...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    N.M., May 3, 2012 -The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) completed cleanup of the Cold War legacy transuranic (TRU) waste at Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) in Albuquerque,...

  12. Legacy of a Bomb: The Manhattan Projects Impact on the Scientific Community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Jany Huan

    2009-01-01

    TECH SPRING WAR TECH The Manhattan Projects Impact on thewar and science: the Manhattan Project. This oper- andfor defense ever, the Manhattan Projects legacy does and

  13. LM Records Handling System (LMRHS01) - Rocky Flats Environmental...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Rocky Flats Environmental Records Database, Office of Legacy Management LM Records Handling System (LMRHS01) - Rocky Flats Environmental Records Database, Office of Legacy...

  14. Risk-based Prioritization of Facility Decommissioning and Environmental Restoration Projects in the National Nuclear Legacy Liabilities Program at the Chalk River Laboratory - 13564

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, Jerel G.; Kruzic, Michael; Castillo, Carlos; Pavey, Todd; Alexan, Tamer; Bainbridge, Ian

    2013-07-01

    Chalk River Laboratory (CRL), located in Ontario Canada, has a large number of remediation projects currently in the Nuclear Legacy Liabilities Program (NLLP), including hundreds of facility decommissioning projects and over one hundred environmental remediation projects, all to be executed over the next 70 years. Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL) utilized WorleyParsons to prioritize the NLLP projects at the CRL through a risk-based prioritization and ranking process, using the WorleyParsons Sequencing Unit Prioritization and Estimating Risk Model (SUPERmodel). The prioritization project made use of the SUPERmodel which has been previously used for other large-scale site prioritization and sequencing of facilities at nuclear laboratories in the United States. The process included development and vetting of risk parameter matrices as well as confirmation/validation of project risks. Detailed sensitivity studies were also conducted to understand the impacts that risk parameter weighting and scoring had on prioritization. The repeatable prioritization process yielded an objective, risk-based and technically defendable process for prioritization that gained concurrence from all stakeholders, including Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) who is responsible for the oversight of the NLLP. (authors)

  15. Thomas Dixon's War Prayers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capozzola, Christopher

    2009-01-01

    on pp. 236-37). New Perspectives on The War-Prayer Essayson The War-Prayer Thomas Dixon, Jr. , Dixons Sermons:New Perspectives on The War-Prayer Essays on The War-

  16. War & Peace & War: Peter Turchin Mehran Salehi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Douglas R.

    War & Peace & War: Peter Turchin Mehran Salehi Life Cycles of Imperial Nations Ch. 10-12 10. The Matthew Principle 11. Wheels Within Wheels 12. War and Peace and Particles #12;"Why the rich get richer poor, middle class is slightly effected War #12;Ch. 11: Wheels within wheels - The Many Declines

  17. Copyright Class War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaumann, Niels

    2004-01-01

    Copyright Class War Niels Schaumann* TABLE OF CONTENTS I.F.3d at 1078 n.6. COPYRIGHT CLASS WAR vented. 61 The Ninth70 Id. at 513. COPYRIGHT CLASS WAR MAI's customer service

  18. Ethnic War, Holy War, War O' War: Does the Adjective Matter in Explaining Collective Political Violence?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Edward W.

    2006-01-01

    how many separate conflicts or wars have there been in1978? On the meaning of religious war, see Konrad Repen, What is a Religious War? , in Politics and Society in

  19. A Philosophy of War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moseley, Darran A

    This thesis examines in four parts a collection of philosophical arguments dealing with war. The conclusions drawn are that war is a definable and applicable concept, that above the level of biological reactions war is ...

  20. Political Bias and War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Matthew O.; Morelli, Massimo

    2006-01-01

    is the one who wants to go to war and i is the one who doesthe incentive of j to go to war if (15) holds. Thus, thepayments. We examine how war technology and relative wealth

  1. The Evolution of War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morris, Ian

    2012-01-01

    Viking. Keeley, Lawrence. 1996. War Before Civilization. NewSocieties and the Origins of War. Ann Arbor: University ofPress. Morris: Evolution of War. Cliodynamics (2012) Vol. 3,

  2. SAVANNAH RIVER SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT FOR 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mamatey, A.; Dunaway-Ackerman, J.

    2011-08-16

    This report was prepared in accordance with U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Order 231.1A, 'Environment, Safety and Health Reporting,' to present summary environmental data for the purpose of: (a) characterizing site's environmental management performance; (b) summarizing environmental occurrences and responses reported during the calendar year; (c) describing compliance status with respect to environmental standards and requirements; and (d) highlighting significant site programs and efforts. This report is the principal document that demonstrates compliance with the requirements of DOE Order 5400.5, 'Radiation Protection of the Public and the Environment,' and is a key component of DOE's effort to keep the public informed of environmental conditions at Savannah River Site (SRS). SRS has four primary missions: (1) Environmental Management - Cleaning up the legacy of the Cold War efforts and preparing decommissioned facilities and areas for long-term stewardship; (2) Nuclear Weapons Stockpile Support - Meeting the needs of the U.S. nuclear weapons stockpile through the tritium programs of the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); (3) Nuclear Nonproliferation Support - Meeting the needs of the NNSA's nuclear nonproliferation programs by safely storing and dispositioning excess special nuclear materials; and (4) Research and Development - Supporting the application of science by the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) to meet the needs of SRS, the DOE complex, and other federal agencies During 2010, SRS worked to fulfill these missions and position the site for future operations. SRS continued to work with the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission to find and implement solutions and schedules for waste management and disposition. As part of its mission to clean up the Cold War legacy, SRS will continue to address the highest-risk waste management issues by safely storing and preparing liquid waste and nuclear materials for disposition, and by safely stabilizing any tank waste residues that remain on site.

  3. Idaho Sites Cold War Cleanup Takes Center Stage in Publication

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    IDAHO FALLS, Idaho An association with more than 29,000 members featured an in-depth article on EMs extensive Cold War legacy cleanup at the Idaho site in the current issue of its publication, The Military Engineer.

  4. Environmental Information Sources: Websites and Books

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shrode, Flora

    2010-01-01

    War and Nature: the Environmental Consequences of War in aOrigins of American Environmental Law, 1945-1970. Lawrence,Gregory, Kenneth John. Environmental Science: a Students

  5. Environmental Radiation Dose Reconstruction for U.S. and Russian Weapons Production Facilities: Hanford and Mayak

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ansbaugh, Lynn R.; Degteva, M. O.; Kozheurov, V. P.; Napier, Bruce A.; Tolstykh, E. I.; Vorobiova, M. I.

    2003-05-01

    Another way to look at Cold War legacies is to examine the major environmental releases that resulted from past operation of Cold War-related facilities for the manufacture of nuclear weapons. Examining these historical releases and the resultant radiation dose to individuals living near these facilities is called environmental dose reconstruction. Dose reconstructions have been performed or are underway at most large Cold War installations in the United States, such as the Hanford facility; several are also underway in other countries, such as at the Mayak facility in Russia. The efforts in the United States are mostly based on historical operating records and current conditions, which are used to estimate environmental releases, transport, and human exposure. The Russian efforts are largely based on environmental measurements and measurements of human subjects; environmental transport modelling, when conducted, is used to organize and validate the measurements. Past operation of Cold War-related facilities for the manufacture of nuclear weapons has resulted in major releases of radionuclides into the environment. Reconstruction of the historical releases and the resultant radiation dose to individuals in the public living near these facilities is called environmental dose reconstruction. Dose reconstructions have been performed or are underway at most large Cold War installations in the United States; several are also underway in other countries. The types of activity performed, the operating histories, and the radionuclide releases vary widely across the different facilities. The U.S. Hanford Site and the Russian Mayak Production Association are used here to illustrate the nature of the assessed problems and the range of approaches developed to solve them.

  6. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT REPORT FISCAL YEAR 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bush, S.

    2010-10-22

    The mission of the Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Environmental Management (EM) is to clean up the environmental legacy of nuclear weapons research and production during the Cold War. That mission includes cleaning up nuclear waste, contaminated groundwater and soil, nuclear materials, and contaminated facilities covering two million acres of land in thirty-five states. EM's principal program goals include timely completion of tank waste treatment facilities, reduction of the life-cycle costs and acceleration of the cleanup of the Cold War legacy, and reduction of the EM footprint. The mission of the EM Technology Innovation and Development program is to transform science and innovation into practical solutions to achieve the EM mission. During fiscal year 2010 (October 2009-September 2010), EM focused upon accelerating environmental cleanup by expeditiously filling identified gaps in available knowledge and technology in the EM program areas. This report describes some of the approaches and transformational technologies in tank waste processing, groundwater and soil remediation, nuclear materials disposition, and facility deactivation and decommissioning developed during fiscal year 2010 that will enable EM to meet its most pressing program goals.

  7. The Geometry Of War The Geometry Of War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aslaksen, Helmer

    The Geometry Of War 1 #12;The Geometry Of War GEM1518K Mathematics in Arts &Architecture Presenting : The Geometry Of War Prepared by: 1) Linda Tjoe Matriculation number: U017984E 2) Lince Salim Matriculation017997 2 #12;The Geometry Of War Contents Page(s) Introduction 1 1.1 Early Canon 2 1.2 The Triumph

  8. INDIANAPOLIS LEAVES A LEGACY OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    INDIANAPOLIS LEAVES A LEGACY OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY INDIANAPOLIS LEAVES A LEGACY OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY INDIANAPOLIS LEAVES A LEGACY OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY The City of Indianapolis,...

  9. Environmental Compliance Environmental Compliance Specialist (Research Associate I, II, or III Special) positions are

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Environmental Compliance Specialist Open Pool POSITION Environmental Compliance Specialist (Research Associate I, II, or III Special) positions are available with the Center for Environmental sponsors and within CSU to resolve complex environmental issues, leaving a legacy of science

  10. Idaho_WarEagle

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    War EagleSilver City Site 0105 Latitude: N. 42 deg. 59.508' Longitude: W. 116 deg. 42.130' Elevation: 7883' Anemometer Height: 30 Meters Placed in service: June 24, 2003 Removed...

  11. PIA - Environmental Management Consolidated Business Center ...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Test Reactor National Scientific User Facility Users Week 2009 LM Records Handling System (LMRHS01) - Rocky Flats Environmental Records Database, Office of Legacy Management...

  12. The Legacy of Oil Spills

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trevors, J. T.; Saier, M. H.

    2010-01-01

    010-0527-5 The Legacy of Oil Spills J. T. Trevors & M. H.workers were killed, and oil has been gushing out everday. It is now June, and oil continues to spew forth into

  13. Caloocan: The War-Prayer Answered

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brock, Darryl

    2009-01-01

    opposition to exploitative wars, now and in the future, willman in the back. New Perspectives on The War-Prayer Essayson The War-Prayer Treason. . .encouraging insurgents. . .

  14. Anti-War Statements in 'the War-Prayer' and 'the Private History of a Campaign That Failed'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oran, Maggie

    2009-01-01

    Penguin, 1994. Twain, Mark. The War-Prayer. War-Prayer Essayson The War-Prayer Anti-War Statements in The War-Prayer

  15. REMOVAL OF LEGACY PLUTONIUM MATERIALS FROM SWEDEN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dunn, Kerry A.; Bellamy, J. Steve; Chandler, Greg T.; Iyer, Natraj C.; Koenig, Rich E.; Leduc, D.; Hackney, B.; Leduc, Dan R.

    2013-08-18

    U.S. Department of Energys National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Office of Global Threat Reduction (GTRI) recently removed legacy plutonium materials from Sweden in collaboration with AB SVAFO, Sweden. This paper details the activities undertaken through the U.S. receiving site (Savannah River Site (SRS)) to support the characterization, stabilization, packaging and removal of legacy plutonium materials from Sweden in 2012. This effort was undertaken as part of GTRIs Gap Materials Program and culminated with the successful removal of plutonium from Sweden as announced at the 2012 Nuclear Security Summit. The removal and shipment of plutonium materials to the United States was the first of its kind under NNSAs Global Threat Reduction Initiative. The Environmental Assessment for the U.S. receipt of gap plutonium material was approved in May 2010. Since then, the multi-year process yielded many first time accomplishments associated with plutonium packaging and transport activities including the application of the of DOE-STD-3013 stabilization requirements to treat plutonium materials outside the U.S., the development of an acceptance criteria for receipt of plutonium from a foreign country, the development and application of a versatile process flow sheet for the packaging of legacy plutonium materials, the identification of a plutonium container configuration, the first international certificate validation of the 9975 shipping package and the first intercontinental shipment using the 9975 shipping package. This paper will detail the technical considerations in developing the packaging process flow sheet, defining the key elements of the flow sheet and its implementation, determining the criteria used in the selection of the transport package, developing the technical basis for the package certificate amendment and the reviews with multiple licensing authorities and most importantly integrating the technical activities with the Swedish partners.

  16. Rationalist causes of war : mechanisms, experiments, and East Asian wars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quek, Ch-yuan Kaiy

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation specifies and tests rationalist mechanisms of war. Why would rational states fight each other despite their incentives for peaceful bargains that would avoid the costs of war? In the rationalist theory ...

  17. Minnesota's Computer Industry: History, Legacies, Traces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sobelman, Gerald E.

    : payroll, taxes, suburban development History | Legacies | Traces #12;Control Data at Minnesota state fair | Legacies | Traces A. Univac West 7th (1956) 2750 Shepard Road, Saint Paul B. ERA plant #1 (1946) Midway

  18. Cold War Entanglements of Social ANDY BYFORD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solovey, Mark

    REVIEW Cold War Entanglements of Social Science ANDY BYFORD MLAC, Durham University, UK Cold War.00. The Cold War era the three decades between the end of the Second World War and the end of the Vietnam War of `America' s Cold War' (Farish, 2010). More speci cally, it focuses on the multiple ambiguous `entanglements

  19. American prisoner of war policy and practice from the Revolutionary War to the War on Terror

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Springer, Paul Joseph

    2006-08-16

    American prisoner of war (POW) policy consists of repeated improvisational efforts during wartime followed by few efforts to incorporate lessons learned. As such, in every war, the United States has improvised its system ...

  20. Civil Wars With or Without an End: Postwar Violence and Civil War Recurrence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omae, Masahiro

    2012-01-01

    Power, People, and Internal War in South Asia. London:Were Not Banned Militants: 'War Crime' Condemned as Rulingand Grievance in Civil War. Oxford Economic Papers 56 (

  1. The War of Words: Confederate Rhetoric in the Healdsburg Squatter War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Michael Bret

    2015-01-01

    Dee, Christine. The Civil War in the Great Interior. Athens:California to the Civil War, Historical Society of Southernin the Healdsburg Land Wars, MA thesis, Sonoma State

  2. Turing's Legacy Cambridge University Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harizanov, Valentina S.

    View list of contributors... Hardback (ISBN-13: 9781107043480) c. 60.00 #12; Alan Turing's ideas in logic Rod Downey; 1. Computability and analysis: the legacy of Alan Turing Jeremy Avigad and Vasco Brattka; 2. Alan Turing and the other theory of computation (expanded) Lenore Blum; 3. Turing

  3. Civil & Environmental Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eustice, Ryan

    Civil & Environmental Engineering Building on our Legacy: Strategic Directions for the Future #12, levees, pipelines, water treatment systems, and many others. Environmental engineering, a field that focuses on environmental infrastructure and natural systems, deals with the analysis and design of systems

  4. Editors' Introduction: New Perspectives on 'The War-Prayer'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fishkin, Shelley Fisher; Tatsumi, Takayuki

    2009-01-01

    on the Philippine-American War, ed. Jim Zwick (Syracuse:Philippine-American War, and War: The Philippine-American War

  5. Office of Legacy Management's Strategic Plan 2016-2025 | Department...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Office of Legacy Management's Strategic Plan 2016-2025 Office of Legacy Management's Strategic Plan 2016-2025 Office of Legacy Management's Strategic Plan 2016-2025 More Documents...

  6. Civil War Unplugged | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Civil War Unplugged Featured In Jefferson Lab Spring Science Series Lecture NEWPORT NEWS, Va., Feb.12, 2008 - Discover how sounds affected the outcome of battles during the Civil...

  7. Skin Bleaching in Jamaica: A Colonial Legacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, Petra Alaine

    2012-07-16

    -1 SKIN BLEACHING IN JAMAICA: A COLONIAL LEGACY A Dissertation by PETRA ALAINE ROBINSON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY... May 2011 Major Subject: Educational Human Resource Development Skin Bleaching in Jamaica: A Colonial Legacy Copyright 2011 Petra Alaine Robinson SKIN BLEACHING IN JAMAICA: A COLONIAL LEGACY...

  8. Office of Legacy Management ? Post Competition Accountability...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Organization Proposal 2012 This report serves as an official record of the quarterly cost, personnel, and performance information for the Office of Legacy Management to satisfy...

  9. 2011 Annual Planning Summary for Office of Legacy Management...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Legacy Management (LM), Grand Junction (See LM APS) 2011 Annual Planning Summary for Office of Legacy Management (LM), Grand Junction (See LM APS) The ongoing and projected...

  10. Effects of Intermediate Ethanol Blends on Legacy Vehicles and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Effects of Intermediate Ethanol Blends on Legacy Vehicles and Small Non-Road Engines, Report 1 Updated Feb 2009 Effects of Intermediate Ethanol Blends on Legacy Vehicles and...

  11. Sentimental Poetry of the American Civil War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trapp, Marjorie Jane

    2010-01-01

    Company, 1866. Devon, W. A. War Lyrics. New York: SinclairHickey, ed. Ballads of the War. New York: J. Robins, 1862.Eggleston, G. C, ed. American War Ballads and Lyrics. New

  12. Telling Absence: War Widows, Loss and Memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loipponen, Jaana

    2009-01-01

    This thesis concerns feminist sociological analysis of war loss and its consequences as experienced and told by Finnish Karelian war widows of World War 2. They lost their partners and had to leave their homes by force, ...

  13. An All Women's Response to War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dean, Rebecca

    2008-01-01

    war and aggression in Iraq are on the forefront of manyfifth anniversary of the war in Iraq, the issue Masculinistand occupation of Afghanistan and Iraq; and the use of war,

  14. A Dynamic Theory of Resource Wars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acemoglu, Daron

    We develop a dynamic theory of resource wars and study the conditions under which such wars can be prevented. Our focus is on the interaction between the scarcity of resources and the incentives for war in the presence of ...

  15. War: Origins and Effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piepers, Ingo

    2014-01-01

    The International System is a self-organized system and shows emergent behavior. During the timeframe (1495 - 1945), a finite-time singularity and four accompanying accelerating log-periodic cycles shaped the dynamics of the International System. The accelerated growth of the connectivity of the regulatory network of the International System, in combination with its anarchistic structure, produce and shape the war dynamics of the system. Accelerated growth of the connectivity of the International system is fed by population growth and the need for social systems to fulfill basic requirements. The finite-time singularity and accompanying log-periodic oscillations were instrumental in the periodic reorganization of the regulatory network of the International System, and contributed to a long-term process of social expansion and integration in Europa. The singularity dynamic produced a series of organizational innovations. At the critical time of the singularity (1939) the connectivity of the system reached a cr...

  16. The Quillen Legacy Back to Back Championships

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karsai, Istvan

    INSIDE: The Quillen Legacy Back to Back Championships ETSU Passes State Performance Test S P R I N G 2 0 0 4 INSIDE: The Quillen Legacy Back to Back Championships ETSU Passes State Dr. Paul E. Stanton, Jr.*, ETSU President Mr. James J. Powell Dr. Richard A. Manahan*, Foundation

  17. The unfought chemical war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Freeman, K. (Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park (United States))

    1991-12-01

    In December 1943, in the middle of the scorching northern Australia summer, a young Australian commando, Tom Mitchell, sweated in his respirator and gas-protective clothing as he got ready to take part in a mustard-gas experiment. He grimly watched six US aircraft, B-24 Liberators, drop bombs filled with mustard gas on Brook Island, near Innisfail in the state of Queensland. Ten minutes later, Mitchell was rushing around the island to tend sampling equipment. But a few hours later, he and another Australian soldier were ordered back onto the island - this time, stripped of their respirators and protective clothing. They were forced to camp on the island from dusk to dawn in ordinary clothing without any safety equipment. Mitchell now suffers from lung and heart disease. Last year, nearly 47 years after he was burned, Mitchell settled with the Australian government for $25,000 (Australian). Publicity over his lawsuit, filed in 1981, along with revelations made in a documentary film broadcast in Australia in 1989, has prompted thousands of other Australian survivors of chemical-warfare tests to ask the Australian Department of Veterans Affairs for disability benefits. Veterans of chemical-warfare tests are also breaking their silence in the United States and Canada, stepping forward to seek compensation for their injuries. The impetus behind the US revelations came from a campaign begun in 1989 by Cong. Porter Goss, a Florida Republican, to win benefits for four participants in US Navy mustard-gas tests. During a flurry of publicity in mid-June 1991, the Department of Veterans Affairs announced that it was relaxing its rules to make it easier for World War 2 mustard-gas victims to collect benefits. In Canada, an information hot line run by the Department of National Defense in 1988 and a 1989 book by John Bryden, Deadly Allies: Canada's Secret War 1937-1947, brought the tests to national attention.

  18. Groundwater, Legacy Soil Cleanup and Flood Recovery Top Labs Accomplishments

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    LOS ALAMOS, N.M. Top 2014 accomplishments of the Los Alamos National Laboratorys EM-supported Environmental Programs included remediation of chromium in groundwater, completion of a legacy contaminant soil cleanup project, and rapid recovery from a 1,000-year rain event that caused widespread flooding.

  19. Progress Update: Reactor Disassembly Grouting

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Cody, Tom

    2012-06-14

    Grouting the P&R reactors in order to remove these basins as an environmental threat. This will end the Cold War legacy and end the environmental footprint.

  20. Progress Update: Reactor Disassembly Grouting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cody, Tom

    2010-01-01

    Grouting the P&R reactors in order to remove these basins as an environmental threat. This will end the Cold War legacy and end the environmental footprint.

  1. Shetland and the Great War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riddell, Linda Katherine

    2012-11-30

    The Great War was an enormous global cataclysm affecting the lives of all inhabitants of the combatant countries and many others. The effects were not uniform, however, and, by assessing the experience of the people of ...

  2. Futurist War Noises: Confronting and Coping with the First World War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daly, Selena

    2013-01-01

    Press, 1998. _____. Violence, War, Revolution: MarinettisPerloff, Marjorie. The Great War and the European Avant-Literature of the First World War, edited by V. Sherry, 141-

  3. Environmental Science and Pollution ISSN 0944-1344

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 23 Environmental Science and Pollution Research ISSN 0944-1344 Environ Sci Pollut Res DOI 10 PROTECTION AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH: LEGACY MANAGEMENT AND NEW CONCEPTS Assessment of the contamination . Organochlorine pollution . Marine fauna . Contamination . Guadeloupe . Martinique Introduction Guadeloupe

  4. Narratives of Horror, American Intervention in the Salvadorian Civil War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinez, Maritza

    2015-01-01

    who lived through the war and shared their personalphotographs taken during the war are used to further probein the Salvadorian Civil War By Maritza Martinez This

  5. The Scars We Carve: Disruptive Bodies in Civil War Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Allison Marie

    2013-01-01

    of the American Civil War. New York: Oxford UniversityWriting and the American Civil War. Chicago: The UniversityMemoranda During the War. Camden, NJ, 1875. http://

  6. Sexual Racism: A Legacy of Slavery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lay, Kenneth James

    1993-01-01

    DERRICK A. BELL, JR. , RACE, RACISM, AND AMERICAN LAW 58 (2dharmony. Indeed, until sexual racism ceases to exist, theSexual Racism*: A Legacy of Slavery I. INTRODUCTION Why do

  7. Cesium legacy safety project management work plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Durham, J.S.

    1998-04-21

    This Management Work Plan (MWP) describes the process flow, quality assurance controls, and the Environment, Safety, and Health requirements of the Cesium Legacy Safety Project. This MWP provides an overview of the project goals and methods for repackaging the non-conforming Type W overpacks and packaging the CsCl powder and pellets. This MWP is not intended to apply to other activities associated with the CsCl Legacy Safety Program (i.e., clean out of South Cell).

  8. NTRCI Legacy Engine Research and Development Project Final Technical Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Connie Smith-Holbert; Joseph Petrolino; Bart Watkins; David Irick

    2011-12-31

    The Legacy engine is a completely new design, transitional diesel engine, replacing the reciprocating engine with a rotary engine. The Legacy engine offers significant advances over conventional internal combustion engines in 1) power to weight ratio; 2) multiple fuel acceptance; 3) fuel economy; and 4) environmental compliance. These advances are achieved through a combination of innovative design geometry, rotary motion, aspiration simplicity, and manufacturing/part simplicity. The key technical challenge to the Legacy engine??s commercialization, and the focus of this project, was the development of a viable roton tip seal. The PST concept for the roton tip seal was developed into a manufacturable design. The design was evaluated using a custom designed and fabricated seal test fixture and further refined. This design was incorporated into the GEN2.5A prototype and tested for achievable compression pressure. The Decision Point at the end of Phase 1 of the project (described below) was to further optimize the existing tip seal design. Enhancements to the tip seal design were incorporated into the GEN2.5B prototype and tested and evaluated using the iterative research strategy described below. Compression pressures adequate for compression ignition of diesel fuel were achieved, although not consistently in all combustion volumes. The variation in compression pressures was characterized versus design features. As the roton tip seal performance was improved, results pointed toward inadequate performance of the housing side seals. Enhancement of the housing side seal system was accomplished using a custom designed side seal test fixture. The design enhancements developed with the test fixture were also incorporated into the GEN2.5B prototype and tested and evaluated using the iterative research strategy described below. Finally, to simplify the requirements for the roton tip seals and to enhance the introduction and combustion of fuel, a flush-mount fuel injector was designed, manufactured and demonstrated in the GEN2.5B prototype.

  9. What Hath Happened to 'the War-Prayer'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powers, Ron

    2009-01-01

    hard to understand why The War-Prayer remains little moreNew Perspectives on The War-Prayer Essayson The War-Prayer What Hath Happened to The War-Prayer?

  10. It was 1986, during the Cold War...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    was 1986, during the Cold War, and I had finished my session at a large conference focused on topics related to nuclear war. It was lunchtime. I walked into the lunchroom. I...

  11. Water War in the Klamath Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carchidi, Victoria

    2011-01-01

    Review: Water War in the Klamath Basin: Macho Law, CombatHolly and A. Dan Tarlock. Water War in the Klamath Basin:has rights to the limited water. Birds and ecosystems; fish

  12. War in Iraq: an Impending Refugee Crisis?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loescher, Gil

    2003-01-01

    refugee consequences of a conflict in Iraq at their peril.IMMIGRATION STUDIES War in Iraq: An Impending RefugeeCalifornia 92093-0510 War in Iraq: An Impending Refugee

  13. 17.582 Civil War, Spring 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petersen, Roger

    This course surveys the social science literature on civil war. It studies the origins of civil war, discusses variables affecting duration, and examines termination of conflict. This subject is highly interdisciplinary ...

  14. War, peace, and international politics. Fourth edition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ziegler, D.W. )

    1987-01-01

    We must conclude that war remains a major problem in the last quarter of the twentieth century. My intention in this book is to introduce you to international relations by focusing on this problem. War is not the only problem of international relations, and so this book does not exhaust the field. But war is a central problem, and the possibility of resort to war affects other aspects of international relations. Whatever else we may look at, we cannot avoid looking at war. In fact, in looking at war, we will touch on most of the other subjects important in international relations. War is conflict among states carried on by their armed forces. To distinguish war from border skirmishes and other minor incidents we usually say it must reach a certain magnitude (for example, at least 1,000 soldiers killed in battle over a year). It would be ideal if we could systematically study all the wars in the last hundred years, but such an exhaustive study would be out of place here. At the same time we cannot discuss such subjects as the cause of war or proposals for preventing it without some knowledge about actual wars. We must test theories against historical facts. What follows in Part I is a somewhat detailed history of seven wars (or groups of wars) fought in the last hundred years. These include the most destructive of the wars World War I (1914-1918), World War II (1939-1945), and the Korean War (1950-1953). By way of background to World War I, we will look at the wars of German unification (1864-1871), which preceded and in some ways prepared the way for it. To balance our account, we will also look at several recent wars India and Pakistan (1971), Uganda and Tanzania (1978-1979), and Cambodia, Vietnam, and China (1978-1980). After looking at some of the major wars of the last hundred years, we will look at what people have the about the causes of war in general.

  15. 2003 U.S. Department of Energy Strategic Plan: Protecting National, Energy, and Economic Security with Advanced Science and Technology and Ensuring Environmental Cleanup

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None,

    2003-09-30

    The Department of Energy contributes to the future of the Nation by ensuring energy security, maintaining the safety, security and reliability of the nuclear weapons stockpile, cleaning up the environment from the legacy of the Cold War, and developing innovations in science and technology. After 25 years in existence, the Department now operates 24 preeminent research laboratories and facilities and four power marketing administrations, and manages the environmental cleanup from 50 years of nuclear defense activities that impacted two million acres in communities across the country. The Department has an annual budget of about $23 billion and employs about 14,500 Federal and 100,000 contractor employees. The Department of Energy is principally a national security agency and all of its missions flow from this core mission to support national security. That is true not just today, but throughout the history of the agency. The origins of the Department can be traced to the Manhattan Project and the race to develop the atomic bomb during World War II. Following the war, Congress engaged in a vigorous and contentious debate over civilian versus military control of the atom. The Atomic Energy Act of 1946 settled the debate by creating the Atomic Energy Commission, which took over the Manhattan Projects sprawling scientific and industrial complex.

  16. The Gulf War and the environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El-Baz, F. (ed.) (Boston Univ., MA (United States). Center for Remote Sensing); Makharita, R.M. (ed.) (World Bank, Washington, DC (United States))

    1994-01-01

    The Gulf War inflicted dramatic environmental damage upon the fragile desert and shore environments of Kuwait and northeastern Saudi Arabia. Coastal and marine environments experienced oil spills of more than 8 million barrels, which killed wildlife and damaged the fishing industry. In inland Kuwait, hundreds of oil lakes are scattered across the desert surface: these lakes emit noxious gases, drown insects and birds, and may seep to pollute groundwater. Exploding and burning oil wells released soot particles, oil droplets, and noxious chemicals into the atmosphere, spreading air pollution, acid rain, and respiratory problems. Military diggings, constructions, and vehicles have destroyed much of the desert pavement, resulting in increased dust storms and large, moving dunes.

  17. special focus Women war survivors Leadership training

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R SURVIVORS Overcoming the devastating effects of war in liberia 26 HOPE SPRINgS ETERNal a new programme

  18. Anti-War Statements in 'the War-Prayer' and 'the Private History of a Campaign That Failed'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oran, Maggie

    2009-01-01

    Twains response to the Philippine-American War, The War-the Civil War and the Philippine-American War. Although thewars like that in the Philippines developed later in Twains

  19. Secret War, Secret Science Brad Osgood

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osgood, Brad

    Secret War, Secret Science Brad Osgood Stanford University #12;Tehran meeting November 28th -- December 1st 1943 "In war-time, truth is so precious that she should always be attended by a bodyguard. David Kahn, The Codebreakers #12;The early events Britain's first offensive action of the war

  20. Martinkus docos show reality of Afghanistan war

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wapstra, Erik

    Martinkus docos show reality of Afghanistan war By ShAron Webb Journalist John Martinkus reels off the date he was kidnapped in the Iraq war as if it's perma- nently scratched on his brain. "It happened. It was terrible. I thought: Here we go." It's experiences like this that gave credibility to the television war

  1. An All Women's Response to War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dean, Rebecca

    2008-01-01

    An All Womens Response to War I n t e r n a t i o n a l W oan All Womens Response to the War to take place on March 8,the loudest. The continuous war and aggression in Iraq are

  2. The Emerging Criminal War on Sex Offenders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yung, Corey Rayburn

    2010-01-01

    Act (AWA) in combination with other sex offender laws triggered a transition to a criminal war on sex criminals? Third, if such a criminal war is emerging, what will be the likely effects of such a transition? Fourth, if such a criminal war...

  3. Wrapper-Based Evolution of Legacy Information Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houben, Geert-Jan

    Wrapper-Based Evolution of Legacy Information Systems PHILIPPE THIRAN and JEAN-LUC HAINAUT Facult Universit´e Claude Bernard, Lyon System evolution most often implies the integration of legacy components file model versus OO model). In addition, neither the legacy DBMS (too weak to address integrity issues

  4. Overview of the Government of Canada Nuclear Legacy Liabilities Program - 13551

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Metcalfe, D.; McCauley, D.; Miller, J.; Brooks, S.

    2013-07-01

    Nuclear legacy liabilities have resulted from more than 60 years of nuclear research and development carried out on behalf of Canada. The liabilities are located at Atomic Energy of Canada Limited's (AECL) Chalk River Laboratories in Ontario and Whiteshell Laboratories in Manitoba, as well as three shutdown prototype reactors in Ontario and Quebec that are being maintained in a safe storage state. Estimated at about $7.4 billion (current day dollars), these liabilities consist of disused nuclear facilities and associated infrastructure, a wide variety of buried and stored waste, and contaminated lands. In 2006, the Government of Canada adopted a long-term strategy to deal with the nuclear legacy liabilities and initiated a five-year, $520 million start-up phase, thereby creating the Nuclear Legacy Liabilities Program (NLLP). The Government of Canada renewed the NLLP in 2011 with a $439-million three-year second phase that ends March 31, 2014. The projects and activities carried out under the Program focus on infrastructure decommissioning, environmental restoration, improving the management of legacy radioactive waste, and advancing the long-term strategy. The NLLP is being implemented through a Memorandum of Understanding between Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) and AECL whereby NRCan is responsible for policy direction and oversight, including control of funding, and AECL is responsible for implementing the program of work and holding and administering all licences, facilities and lands. (authors)

  5. The Department of Energy Announces Major Cold War Legacy Waste Cleanup

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDidDevelopment TopMetathesisSediments and Related J. BennettThe

  6. DOE ACHIEVES MAJOR COLD WAR LEGACY WASTE CLEANUP MILESTONE: Waste Isolation

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p aDepartmentEnergyEveryCustomerD=DISCLAIMER:1904-AC23,T A * SPilot

  7. The Department of Energy Announces Major Cold War Legacy Waste Cleanup

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyThe U.S.Laclede GasEfficiency MaineAuto industry workersCompensation Program

  8. The Department of Energy Announces Major Cold War Legacy Waste Cleanup

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With U.S.Week Day Year(active tab) 2016The Dark Side of

  9. Environmental Management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2014-11-12

    Another key aspect of the NNSS mission is Environmental Management program, which addresses the environmental legacy from historic nuclear weapons related activities while also ensuring the health and safety of present day workers, the public, and the environment as current and future missions are completed. The Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management site receives low-level and mixed low-level waste from some 28 different generators from across the DOE complex in support of the legacy clean-up DOE Environmental Management project. Without this capability, the DOE would not be able to complete the clean up and proper disposition of these wastes. The program includes environmental protection, compliance, and monitoring of the air, water, plants, animals, and cultural resources at the NNSS. Investigation and implementation of appropriate corrective actions to address the contaminated ground water facilities and soils resulting from historic nuclear testing activities, the demolition of abandoned nuclear facilities, as well as installation of ground water wells to identify and monitor the extent of ground water contamination.

  10. Environmental Management

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2015-01-07

    Another key aspect of the NNSS mission is Environmental Management program, which addresses the environmental legacy from historic nuclear weapons related activities while also ensuring the health and safety of present day workers, the public, and the environment as current and future missions are completed. The Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management site receives low-level and mixed low-level waste from some 28 different generators from across the DOE complex in support of the legacy clean-up DOE Environmental Management project. Without this capability, the DOE would not be able to complete the clean up and proper disposition of these wastes. The program includes environmental protection, compliance, and monitoring of the air, water, plants, animals, and cultural resources at the NNSS. Investigation and implementation of appropriate corrective actions to address the contaminated ground water facilities and soils resulting from historic nuclear testing activities, the demolition of abandoned nuclear facilities, as well as installation of ground water wells to identify and monitor the extent of ground water contamination.

  11. EM Assistant Secretary Monica Regalbuto to Speak at DOE National...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    to discuss EM's progress in the cleanup of the environmental legacy of the nation's Manhattan Project and Cold War nuclear weapons program. The workshop will focus on major...

  12. DOE's First National Cleanup Workshop Set for Sept. 29-30 | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    to discuss EM's progress in the cleanup of the environmental legacy of the nation's Manhattan Project and Cold War nuclear weapons program. The workshop will focus on major...

  13. Office of Legacy Management. Information and Records Management. Transition Guidance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2004-03-01

    The Office of Legacy Management (LM) is an integral part of the U.S. Department of Energys (DOEs) strategy to ensure that legacy liabilities of former nuclear weapons production sites are properly managed following the completion of environmental cleanup activities. LM will work with each site using an integrated team approach to ensure a successful transition. Part of this process will include transition of Government records and information. The Office of Legacy Management Information and Records Management Transition Guidance focuses on LMs goal to preserve and protect legacy records and information. This guidance document establishes a framework for the transfer of records management responsibilities for sites transferring to LM. It describes the requirements, responsibilities, and procedures for the efficient and cost-effective transfer of custody, ownership, and management of records and other information products from the transfer site to LM. Records management practices are critical to the functions of Federal agencies because records provide information about, or evidence of, the organization, functions, policies, decisions, procedures, operations, or other activities. Therefore, the information generated by an agency is created, maintained, and dispositioned through records management processes that ensure the appropriate preservation and retrieval of essential information. Because of their intrinsic value, best practices to preserve information and records should be utilized when records are transferred from one organization to another. As the transfer program completes cleanup activities at closure sites, a transitional process will facilitate the transparent shift in the management of site records activities to LM. The roles and responsibilities of the transfer site and/or program and LM described in this document are a necessary foundation for cooperation and coordination and are essential to the successful transition of records and information responsibilities. The DOE Office of the Chief Information Officer (OCIO) has a central role in DOE records management by providing guidance, expertise, and coordination to all DOE offices and organizations and coordination with the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). LM and the transfer site will complete an integrated transition plan which will integrate all transition elements including information and records. As part of the overall transition plan, an Information and Records Transition Plan will be developed consistent with the integrated transition plan for the site transfer and included as an attachment. The Information and Records Management Transition Plan will be developed to assist both organizations in organizing the tasks; establishing a timetable and milestones for their completion; and identifying manpower, funding and other resources that will be needed to complete the ownership transfer. In addition, the plan will provide a valuable exchange of institutional knowledge that will assist LM in meeting the obligations of responsibly managing legacy records. Guidance for the development of the plan is included in this document. Records management concerns that may arise during site closure, such as management support, contract language and agreements, interactions with the OCIO and NARA, resource and budget considerations, and procedures to safeguard records are addressed. Guidelines and criteria for records management transition activities are also provided. These include LM expectations for the inventory, scheduling, and disposition of records; the management and transfer of electronic files, including databases and software; records finding aids, indices, and recordkeeping systems; and the process for the transfer of hard copy and electronic records to LM.

  14. Sociology of War: An Annotated Bibliography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sariola, Sakari

    1971-01-01

    , 'interactionist' theories and 'coercive' theories. Hobbes belongs to the last-mentioned category. Institutions must have effective sanctioning power. Otherwise, balanced reciprocity relations will necessarily terminate in the brutal condition of war. See Desmond P....Y. 10003. The Center for War/Peace Studies publishes INTERCOM, a periodical which is a "pro gram guide and program catalyst on War/Peace issues." Published three times a year ($6.00). 40. Janowitz, Morris. Sociology and the Military Establishment. New York...

  15. Analysis and Comparison between War Driving and War Walk-ing in Metropolitan WiFi Radio Maps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Hao-hua

    Analysis and Comparison between War Driving and War Walk- ing in Metropolitan WiFi Radio Maps Arvin, Hsinchu County, 310, Taiwan arvin@itri.org.tw ABSTRACT War-driving is currently the most widely adopted cost for war driv- ing is smaller than that of war walking, its positional accu- racy is also lower

  16. American Legacy Foundation, Getting to the Truth: Assessing Youths' Reactions to the truth and "think. Don't Smoke" Tobacco Countermarketing Campaigns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    Legacy staff and colleagues from RTI, Legacys Research andSurvey (LMTS) was developed by RTI and the American LegacyGroup under the guidance of RTI. *RTI American Legacy

  17. Profiteering on the Iran-Iraq war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brzoska, M.

    1987-06-01

    The military gear delivered from the US in the Iran-contra affair represents only a minor portion of arms sales to the combatants in the Iraq-Iran war. That war has now lasted more than six years and has deeply influenced the international arms market. Occurring during a period when other demand for arms has been relatively low, the war has nourished new suppliers and has revived both the legal and illegal private arms market. The erratic behavior of the USSR and the US, until recently by far the most important arms suppliers to the Third World, has pushed Iran and Iraq toward more commercially oriented sources, including many in the Third World. Both countries have had ample supplies of weapons during the war, and these weapons have served their purpose. Mainly because of its duration, the war already ranks third among post-World War II wars - after the Vietnam war and the Biafra war - in battlefield victims, with 300,000-500,000 casualties. The economic cost has risen to nearly $500 billion in weapons, destruction, and lost income. While it is hard to see anything but losers on the battlefield, the arms traffickers are profiting. Total Iranian arms imports since August 1980 have been higher than $10 billion, while Iraq has imported more than $30 billion worth. It is difficult to know whether making arms more difficult to obtain would have stopped the war, but judging from other recent wars, such as those between India and Pakistan, between Uganda and Tanzania, and in the Middle East, it seems likely that hostilities could have been stopped long ago. 12 references.

  18. Into the Desert: Reflections on the Gulf War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engel, Jeff

    2015-06-09

    Engel Presents his book, "Into the Desert: Reflections on the Gulf War," a reevaluation of the Gulf War's origins, the war itself, and its regional and long term impact on international relations.

  19. Gesturing beyond the Frame: Transnational Trauma and US War Fiction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lahti, Ruth A. H.

    2012-01-01

    of Civilians in Americas Wars (New York: Oxford UniversityButler, Judith. Frames of War: When Is Life Grievable? NewRacial Melancholy in Vietnam War Representation. Arizona

  20. America's Other Half: Slum Journalism and the War of 1898

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leary, John Patrick

    2009-01-01

    McClure,1898. . TheWarDispatchesofStephenRichardHarding. CubainWarTime. Lincoln:UniversityofTheSpanish?Cuban?AmericanWarandtheBirthofAmerican

  1. The Armed Peace: A Punctuated Equilibrium Theory of War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slantchev, Branislav L

    2007-01-01

    Explanations for War. In- ternational Organization 49 (D. 2004. Why Do Some Civil Wars Last So Much Longer ThanAhmer Tarar. 2005. War and Incom- g plete Information.

  2. 17.423 Causes and Prevention of War, Spring 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Evera, Stephen

    Examines the causes of war, with a focus on practical measures to prevent and control war. Topics covered include: causes and consequences of national misperception; military strategy and policy as cause of war; US foreign ...

  3. 17.42 Causes and Prevention of War, Spring 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Evera, Stephen

    The causes and prevention of interstate war are the central topics of this course. The course goal is to discover and assess the means to prevent or control war. Hence we focus on manipulable or controllable war-causes. ...

  4. Twain's Rhetoric of Irony in 'the War-Prayer'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lock, Helen

    2009-01-01

    1917. Twain, Mark. The War-Prayer. Europe and Elsewhere.the Philippine-American War. Fili- pinas Magazine (Sept.s Rhetoric of Irony in The War-Prayer Helen LOCK The point

  5. War Games: Simulating Collins Theory of Battle Victory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fletcher, Jesse B; Apkarian, Jacob; Roberts, Anthony; Lawrence, Kirk; Chase-Dunn, Christopher; Hanneman, Robert A

    2011-01-01

    Friction and Future War. Washington D.C. : Institute forRunning During the Civil War. Columbia, SC: University ofBattle Tactics of the Civil War. New Haven: Yale University

  6. 'the War-Prayer' in U. S. Popular Culture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, John J.

    2009-01-01

    Resources for Times of War or National Crisis. 31 Jan.Resonate Still with Iraq War. St. Louis Post-Dispatch 132005: B1. Pyle, David. Why a War-Prayer? 11 July 2004. 26

  7. Mutual Optimism as a Rationalist Cause of War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slantchev, Branislav L

    2011-01-01

    Geoffrey. 1988. The Causes of War. 3rd ed. New York: FreeExplanations for War. In- ternational Organization 49(2007. Mutual Optimism and War. American Journal of

  8. Legacy Management CERCLA Sites. Quality Assurance Project Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Riddle, Donna L.

    2007-05-03

    S.M. Stoller Corporation is the contractor for the Technical Assistance Contract (TAC) for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Legacy Management (LM) operations. Stoller employs a management system that applies to all programs, projects, and business management systems funded through DOE-LM task orders. The management system incorporates the philosophy, policies, and requirements of health and safety, environmental compliance, and quality assurance (QA) in all aspects of project planning and implementation. Health and safety requirements are documented in the Health and Safety Manual (STO 2), the Radiological Control Manual (STO 3), the Integrated Safety Management System Description (STO 10), and the Drilling Health and Safety Requirements (STO 14). Environmental compliance policy and requirements are documented in the Environmental Management Program Implementation Manual (STO 11). The QA Program is documented in the Quality Assurance Manual (STO 1). The QA Manual (STO 1) implements the specific requirements and philosophy of DOE Order 414.1C, Quality Assurance. This manual also includes the requirements of other standards that are regularly imposed by customers, regulators, or other DOE orders. Title 10 Code of Federal Regulations Part 830, Quality Assurance Requirements, ANSI/ASQC E4-2004, Quality Systems for Environmental Data and Technology Programs Requirements with Guidance for Use, and ISO 14001-2004, Environmental Management Systems, have been included. These standards are similar in content. The intent of the QA Manual (STO 1) is to provide a QA management system that incorporates the requirements and philosophy of DOE and other customers within the QA Manual. Criterion 1, Quality Assurance Program, identifies the fundamental requirements for establishing and implementing the QA management system; QA Instruction (QAI) 1.1, QA Program Implementation, identifies the TAC organizations that have responsibility for implementing the QA program requirements; and Appendix C of the QA Manual provides comparison tables that identify where the requirements of other standards are addressed in the QA Manual.

  9. Nuclear War from a Cosmic Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tegmark, Max

    2015-01-01

    I discuss the impact of computer progress on nuclear war policy, both by enabling more accurate nuclear winter simulations and by affecting the probability of war starting accidentally. I argue that from a cosmic perspective, humanity's track record of risk mitigation is inexcusably pathetic, jeopardizing the potential for life to flourish for billions of years.

  10. Blood and Ink: Russian and Soviet Jewish Chroniclers of Catastrophe from World War I to World War II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zavadivker, Polly

    2013-01-01

    1989. ----------. A Writer at War: A Soviet Journalist withof Settlement During World War I. Ed. and trans. JoachimThe Jews in the Eastern War Zone. New York: The American

  11. If Only This War Would End : : German Soldiers in the Last Year of the First World War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zroka, Ryan Edward

    2013-01-01

    164. Ziemann, Benjamin. War Experiences in Rural Germany.Herwig, The First World War: Germany and Austria-Hungary,256. Herwig, The First World War, 256. MKB, Stein, 21 Jan.

  12. Blood and Ink: Russian and Soviet Jewish Chroniclers of Catastrophe from World War I to World War II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zavadivker, Polly

    2013-01-01

    Jewish Pale of Settlement During World War I. Ed. and trans.Russian Social Life During World War I." Russian Studies inand German Occupation in World War I. Cambridge: Cambridge

  13. Energy Department Awards Small Business Contract for Legacy Management...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    approximately 170 million over the life of the contract and is one of the largest 100% small business contracts within DOE. The contract includes responsibility for legacy sites...

  14. A Shining Example of Dr. King's legacy | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    A Shining Example of Dr. Kings legacy Kathy Chambers Senior Science and Technical Information Specialist, OSTI Editor's Note: This blog was originally posted on OSTI's blog....

  15. Office of Legacy Management FY 2013 Consolidated Energy Data...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3 Consolidated Energy Data Report (CEDR) Office of Legacy Management FY 2013 Consolidated Energy Data Report (CEDR) The Consolidated Energy Data Report (CEDR) consists of 27...

  16. The Office of Legacy Management | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    (LM) manages the Department's legacy responsibilities resulting from the nuclear weapons program. The mission of the Office is to protect human health and the environment...

  17. Energy Department Awards Small Business Contract for Legacy Management...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    information about DOE's Office of Legacy Management. Media contact(s): Megan Barnett, (202) 586-4940 Addthis Related Articles News Release: Energy Department and...

  18. Legacy Management FUSRAP Sites | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties - WAPA PublicLED ADOPTION REPORTLand andDr.Legacy Management FUSRAP

  19. Review: Water, Peace, and War: Confronting the Global Water Crisis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tans, Eric

    2014-01-01

    Review: Water, War, and Peace:Confronting the Global Water Crisis By Brahma ChellaneyUSA Chellaney, Brahma. Water, Peace, and War: Confronting

  20. Repackaging Rocky Flats Legacy Transuranic Waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McTaggart, Jerri Lynne

    2008-01-15

    Repackaging legacy Transuranic (TRU), Transuranic Mixed (TRM), Low Level Waste (LLW), and Low Level Mixed (LLM) waste requires good characterization skills and the ability to adapt to less than ideal conditions. Repackaging legacy waste in a facility that is not undergoing Decontamination and Decommission (D and D) is optimum. However, repackaging any waste in a D and D facility, under cold and dark conditions, can be difficult. Cold and dark conditions are when the heating and air conditioning are no longer in service and the lighting consists of strands of lights hung throughout each of the rooms. Working under these conditions adds an additional level of stress and danger that must be addressed. The use of glovebags was very useful at Rocky Flats during the D and D of many buildings. Glovebags can be adapted for many different types of wastes and unusual conditions. Repackaging of legacy TRU waste, in a D and D facility, can be accomplished safely and cost effectively with the use of glovebags. In conclusion: the use of glovebags to repackage legacy TRU, TRM, LLW, or LLM waste was done safely and cost effectively at Rocky Flats. The cost of using glovebags was minimal. Glovebags are easily adaptable to whatever the waste configuration is. The use of glovebags, for repackaging of Legacy waste, allows D and D efforts to stay on schedule and on task. Without the use of glovebags, additional gloveboxes would have been required at Rocky Flats. Larger items, such as the HEPA filters, would have required the construction of a new large item repackaging glovebox. Repackaging in glovebags allows the freedom to either locate the glovebag by the waste or locate the glovebag in a place that least impacts D and D efforts. The use of glovebags allowed numerous configurations of waste to be repackaged without the use of gloveboxes. During the D and D of the Rocky Flats facility, which was in a cold and dark stage, D and D work was not impacted by the repackaging activity. Glovebags work well in facilities that are in the process of D and D or still in full operations because glovebags are very safe and cost effective.

  1. Economic interests in the domestic politics of war : evidence from U.S. decisions to go to war with Iraq in 1991 and 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seljan, Samuel Sierra

    2010-01-01

    Agent Problem Goes to War. American Journal of PoliticalExplanations For War. International Organization Fordham,2007. Diamonds Are Forever, Wars Are Not: Is Conflict Bad

  2. War casualties on the home front

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brenda J. Flinn

    2005-11-01

    On May 12, 1942, at Christopher coal mine No. 3 in Osage, West Virginia, a continent away from the frontlines of World War II, Superintendent Ed O'Neil saw the mine ventilation fan suddenly run backwards, propelled by a strong gust of air that tore the belt off the huge blower. The second shift mantrip of 115 coal miners, traversing the drift mouth for the 3:00 p.m. shift, ground to an uneasy halt. The article recounts the tragic consequences of this incident. It also tells of other events affecting coal miners during World War I and World War II.

  3. Industrial Perception of Legacy Software System and their Modernization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Industrial Perception of Legacy Software System and their Modernization B. V. Batlajery R. Khadka A;Industrial Perception of Legacy Software Systems and Their Modernization Belfrit V. Batlajery, Ravi Khadka whether practitioners in the industry also share this perception. This paper describes the outcome

  4. Long-term changes in legacy trace organic contaminants and mercury in Lake Ontario salmon in relation to source controls, trophodynamics, and climatic variability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Don

    Long-term changes in legacy trace organic contaminants and mercury in Lake Ontario salmon Queen's University, Department of Biology and School of Environmental Studies, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Ontario M5S 3G5, Canada John M. Casselman Queen's University, Department of Biology, Kingston, Ontario K7L

  5. Groups in Mind: The Coalitional Roots o[War and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cosmides, Leda

    8 Groups in Mind: The Coalitional Roots o[War and Morality John Tooby and Leda Cosmides War, Coalitions, and the HUnlan Condition War is older than the human species. It is found in every region. There is no evidence of it having originated in one place, and spread by contact to others. War is reflected

  6. Risks of using AP locations discovered through war driving

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kotz, David

    Risks of using AP locations discovered through war driving Minkyong Kim, Jeffrey J. Fielding the actual locations are often unavailable, they use estimated locations from war driving estimated through war driving. War driving is the process of collecting Wi-Fi beacons by driving or walking

  7. A Legacy of Benefit | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing ToolInternationalReportOffice | DepartmentVery1, in: Statement ofAEnergyA LIMITEDA Legacy

  8. Legacy Cleanup Completion Project | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURING OFFICE INDUSTRIALU.S.Leadership on Clean Energys o u t h e a s tLeasing ofLegacy

  9. Environmental and Waste Management (WMO) Legacy TRU Waste Pause

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Supporting Technical Document for the Radiological Release Accident Investigation Report (Phase II Report)

  10. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Center for Energy and Environmental

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth Dakota Edgemont, SouthLaboratory - CTCanonsburgState

  11. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Fernald Environmental Management

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth Dakota Edgemont, SouthLaboratoryDiv - NYCorp- 016

  12. Environmental Remediation program completes legacy mercury cleanup near

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFES October 27th, 2010Environment,Reports

  13. Colorado Environmental Coalition v. Office of Legacy Management, Civil

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p aDepartment of Energyof theAction No. 08-cv-01624 (February 27,

  14. Colorado Environmental Coalition v. Office of Legacy Management, Civil

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p aDepartment of Energyof theAction No. 08-cv-01624 (February

  15. MINIMIZING WASTE AND COST IN DISPOSITION OF LEGACY RESIDUES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. BALKEY; M. ROBINSON

    2001-05-01

    Research is being conducted at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) which is directed toward development of a quantitative basis for disposition of actinide-bearing process residues (both legacy residues and residues generated from ongoing programmatic operations). This research is focused in two directions: (1) identifying minimum negative consequence (waste, dose, cost) dispositions working within regulatory safeguards termination criteria, and (2) evaluating logistics/consequences of across-the-board residue discards such as authorized at Rocky Flats under a safeguards termination variance. The first approach emphasizes Laboratory commitments to environmental stewardship, worker safety, and fiscal responsibility. This approach has been described as the Plutonium Disposition Methodology (PDM) in deference to direction provided by DOE Albuquerque. The second approach is born of the need to expedite removal of residues from storage for programmatic and reasons and residue storage safety concerns. Any disposition path selected must preserve the legal distinction between residues as Special Nuclear Material (SNM) and discardable materials as waste in order to insure the continuing viability of Laboratory plutonium processing facilities for national security operations.

  16. DOE Chair of Excellence Professorship in Environmental Disciplines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shoou-Yuh Chang

    2013-01-31

    The United States (US) nuclear weapons program during the Cold War left a legacy of radioactive, hazardous, chemical wastes and facilities that may seriously harm the environment and people even today. Widespread public concern about the environmental pollution has created an extraordinary demand for the treatment and disposal of wastes in a manner to protect the public health and safety. The pollution abatement and environmental protection require an understanding of technical, regulatory, economic, permitting, institutional, and public policy issues. Scientists and engineers have a major role in this national effort to clean our environment, especially in developing alternative solutions and evaluation criteria and designing the necessary facilities to implement the solutions. The objective of the DOE Chair of Excellence project is to develop a high quality educational and research program in environmental engineering at North Carolina A&T State University (A&T). This project aims to increase the number of graduate and undergraduate students trained in environmental areas while developing a faculty concentrated in environmental education and research. Although A&T had a well developed environmental program prior to the Massie Chair grant, A&T's goal is to become a model of excellence in environmental engineering through the program's support. The program will provide a catalyst to enhance collaboration of faculty and students among various engineering departments to work together in a focus research area. The collaboration will be expanded to other programs at A&T. The past research focus areas include: hazardous and radioactive waste treatment and disposal fate and transport of hazardous chemicals in the environment innovative technologies for hazardous waste site remediation pollution prevention Starting from 2005, the new research focus was in the improvement of accuracy for radioactive contaminant transport models by ensemble based data assimilation. The specific objectives are to: 1). improve model accuracy for use in minimizing health and environmental risk, and 2). improve the decision making process in the selection and application of available technologies for long-term monitoring and safeguard operation at NNSA sites.

  17. The "Stylish Battle" World War II and Clothing Design Restrictions in Los Angeles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hannon, Laura Bellew

    2012-01-01

    Battlefield During World War II edited by Barbara McLeanPropaganda during World War II, Communication Review 8 (3. Adrians War Suit, 1942. ..8

  18. Out of the Closed World: how the Computer Revolution helped to End the Cold War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skinner, Rebecca Elizabeth

    2013-01-01

    politics of discourse in Cold War America. Cambridge, MA:John Lewis. The Cold War: A New History, 2005. Gardener,Science of Thermonuclear War. Harvard University Press.

  19. Going to Ground(s): The War Correspondents Memoir

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Christopher P.

    2015-01-01

    Obligations in World War II. Washington, DC: SmithsonianNormalcy: Home Fronts, Good Soldiers, War Correspondents. War, Literature and the Arts 24 (2012): 125. . Stephen

  20. Out of the Closed World: how the Computer Revolution helped to End the Cold War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skinner, Rebecca Elizabeth

    2013-01-01

    Intuitive Science of Thermonuclear War. Harvard UniversityHerman Kahn, author of On Thermonuclear War (1960), with hisIntuitive Science of Thermonuclear War. Harvard University

  1. The Legacy of the Gettysburg Address, 1863-1965

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peatman, Jared Elliott

    2011-10-21

    My project examines the legacy of the Gettysburg Address from 1863 to 1965. After an introduction and a chapter setting the stage, each succeeding chapter surveys the meaning of the Gettysburg Address at key moments: the initial reception...

  2. Legacy Management Work Progresses on Defense-Related Uranium...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    (LM) continues to work on a report to Congress regarding defense-related legacy uranium mines. LM was directed by the U.S. Congress in the National Defense Authorization Act...

  3. Office of Legacy Management (LM) Program Update, January???March...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    us at www.LM.doe.gov Welcome to the 2009 issue of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Legacy Management (LM) . This publication is designed to provide a status of...

  4. Cuba Libre at Odds: Hemingway, Twain, and the Spanish-American War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsuji, Hideo

    2009-01-01

    Hemingway ever read Twains War-Prayer, this piece andon the Philippine-American War are indispensable materi- alsNew Perspectives on The War-Prayer Essays on The War-

  5. A Comment on the War-Prayer: Mark Twain 'Never Ceased to Grow'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagawara, Makoto

    2009-01-01

    on the Philip- pine-American War. Ed. Jim Zwick. Syracuse:Gabriel Wells, . The War Prayer. Mark Twains WeaponsNew Perspectives on The War-Prayer Essays on The War-

  6. The politics of representation and the social order : in the War on Terror

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Gordon C.

    2008-01-01

    Islam, and Americas New War on Terrorism. New York:Galilee]. . 1991. The Gulf War Did Not Take Place.Baxi, Upendra. 2005. The War on Terror and the War of

  7. Home Front as Warfront: African American World War I Drama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Egging, Anna Katherine

    2010-08-31

    This dissertation recovers little-known African American World War I plays that blur the boundary between the home front and warfront. I argue that with this focus, the plays wage their own war for African American citizenship ...

  8. Lab begins demolition of Cold War-era buildings

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Demolition begins of cold War-Era buildings Lab begins demolition of Cold War-era buildings More than 165,000 square feet of former research, production, and office buildings will...

  9. Deserting Gender: A Feminist Rhetorical Approach to Vietnam War Novels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Womack, Anne-Marie

    2012-07-16

    Female characters and references to femininity throughout American war literature disrupt discursive and biological divisions of the masculine and feminine. In examining gender and war literature over the twentieth century, ...

  10. Twain's Rhetoric of Irony in 'the War-Prayer'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lock, Helen

    2009-01-01

    Mark Twain on the Philippine-American War. Fili- pinasof Christendom in the Philippines that would lead, in 1904-predetermined facts. The Philippine-American Warthen and

  11. War: The dynamics of vicious civilizations I. Ispolatov,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Redner, Sidney

    War: The dynamics of vicious civilizations I. Ispolatov,1 P. L. Krapivsky,2 and S. Redner1 1 Center The dynamics of ``vicious,'' continuously growing civilizations domains , which engage in ``war'' when- ever two domains meet, is investigated. In the war event, the smaller domain is annihilated, while

  12. BOOK REVIEW Cold War Social Science: Knowledge Production,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solovey, Mark

    BOOK REVIEW Cold War Social Science: Knowledge Production, Liberal Democracy, and Human Nature institutionalism in economics to post- war neoclassicism, with its physics-like empha- sis on mathematical theory to such existing narrative frameworks by adopting cross-cutting lenses like the "Cold War" and the working

  13. The Oxford Programme on the Changing Character of War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    The Oxford Programme on the Changing Character of War Trinity Term 2015 Lunchtime Discussions on the Changing Character of War Seminars are at 1.00pm, Seminar Room G, Manor Road Building, Oxford A light sandwich lunch is served at 12.50pm. All are welcome. Tuesday 28th April Sir Ivor Roberts (Oxford) War

  14. Creating an intelligent agent for StarCraft: Brood War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ernst, Damien

    Creating an intelligent agent for StarCraft: Brood War University of Lige Faculty of Applied artificialintelligence (AI)? Video games Why real-time strategy (RTS) games? Introduction #12;StarCraft: Brood War a patrol unit #12;Implementation Chapter III #12;StarCraft is not open source! The Brood War Application

  15. Science and Sociology of Science: Beyond War and Peace

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sokal, Alan

    Science and Sociology of Science: Beyond War and Peace Jean Bricmont Institut de Physique Th#19 of Chicago Press, 2001) #12; 1 Introduction: Neither War nor Peace When we were asked to contribute to this volume, our immediate reaction was: We did not want a \\science war" in the #12;rst place, so why should

  16. By war's end,in 1945,the University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palffy-Muhoray, Peter

    III By war's end,in 1945,the University was braced for the influx of returning veterans who were. By then the nation had already been at war for two years and had turned itself into "the Arsenal of Democracy the howitzer that had stood on Front Campus for twenty years as reminder of the school's World War I dead

  17. Freshwater Availability Anomalies and Outbreak of Internal War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Freshwater Availability Anomalies and Outbreak of Internal War: Results from a Global Spatial Time Organizers: Centre for the Study of Civil War, International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO) & Centre Freshwater Availability Anomalies and Outbreak of Internal War: Results from a Global Spatial Time Series

  18. Freshwater Availability Anomalies and Outbreak of Internal War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Freshwater Availability Anomalies and Outbreak of Internal War: Results from a Global Spatial Time, Asker, near Oslo, 2123 June 2005 Organizers: Centre for the Study of Civil War, International Peace War: Results from a Global Spatial Time Series Analysis1 Abstract We investigated the relationship

  19. TERRORISM AND WAR (SAS 7) UC Davis; Spring, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishida, Yuko

    1 TERRORISM AND WAR (SAS 7) UC Davis; Spring, 2013 INSTRUCTORS OFFICE HOUR (VIRTUAL) Prof. James R to varying degrees in major conflicts around the world, issues of terrorism and war are heavily debated deeply about terrorism and war and question your assumptions. You will be asked to understand

  20. Puritan Military Justice: American War Crimes and the Global War on Terrorism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lorenzo, Ronald

    2012-07-16

    Exploring Puritanical cultural habits in the 21st century American military, the following study focuses on U.S. Army courts-martial in the Global War on Terrorism. The study uses Emile Durkheim's original sociological ...

  1. ASSESSING THE BARGAINING MODEL OF WAR TERMINATION: AN EXAMINATION OF THE PHILIPPINE-AMERICAN WAR, 1899-1902

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Adam David

    2008-05-27

    Through a detailed case study of the Philippine-American War (1899-1902), this thesis presents a test of the bargaining model of war termination. The study begins with a review of the war termination theory literature, tracing the currently dominant...

  2. Creating Mother: Mother's Legacies in the Context of the Conduct Literature of Seventeenth-Century England

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morales, Cecilia Ann

    2013-02-04

    This thesis, focusing on seventeenth-century English writers, examines the genre of Mothers Legacies in relation to the conduct literature being written around the same time. It discusses the manner in which the women writers of Mothers Legacies...

  3. Long-Term Assessment of Critical Radionuclides and Associated Environmental Media at the Savannah River Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jannik, G. T.; Baker, R. A.; Lee, P. L.; Eddy, T. P.; Blount, G. C.; Whitney, G. R.

    2012-11-06

    During the operational history of the Savannah River Site (SRS), many different radionuclides have been released from site facilities. However, only a relatively small number of the released radionuclides have been significant contributors to doses and risks to the public. At SRS dose and risk assessments indicate tritium oxide in air and surface water, and Cs-137 in fish and deer have been, and continue to be, the critical radionuclides and pathways. In this assessment, indepth statistical analyses of the long-term trends of tritium oxide in atmospheric and surface water releases and Cs-137 concentrations in fish and deer are provided. Correlations also are provided with 1) operational changes and improvements, 2) geopolitical events (Cold War cessation), and 3) recent environmental remediation projects and decommissioning of excess facilities. For example, environmental remediation of the F- and H-Area Seepage Basins and the Solid Waste Disposal Facility have resulted in a measurable impact on the tritium oxide flux to the onsite Fourmile Branch stream. Airborne releases of tritium oxide have been greatly affected by operational improvements and the end of the Cold War in 1991. However, the effects of SRS environmental remediation activities and ongoing tritium operations on tritium concentrations in the environment are measurable and documented in this assessment. Controlled hunts of deer and feral hogs are conducted at SRS for approximately six weeks each year. Before any harvested animal is released to a hunter, SRS personnel perform a field analysis for Cs-137 concentrations to ensure the hunter's dose does not exceed the SRS administrative game limit of 0.22 millisievert (22 mrem). However, most of the Cs-137 found in SRS onsite deer is not from site operations but is from nuclear weapons testing fallout from the 1950's and early 1960's. This legacy source term is trended in the SRS deer, and an assessment of the ''effective'' half-life of Cs-137 in deer (including the physical decay half-life and the environmental dispersion half-life) is provided. The ''creek mouth'' fisherman is the next most critical pathway at SRS. On an annual basis, three species of fish (panfish, catfish, and bass) are sampled from the mouths of the five SRS streams. Three composites of up to five fish of each species are analyzed from each sampling location. Long-term trending of the Cs-137 concentrations in fish and the subsequent doses from consumption of SRS fish is provided.

  4. Extracting quality information from PL/1 legacy ecosystems Masterarbeit der Philosophisch-naturwissenschaftlichen Fakultat der

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nierstrasz, Oscar

    St1-PL/1 Extracting quality information from PL/1 legacy ecosystems Masterarbeit der Philosophisch presents a case study of analyzing a legacy PL/1 ecosystem that has grown for 40 years and runs on a modern several interviews to learn about legacy ecosystem analysis requirements. We briefly introduce the tool

  5. Confronting the Cold War Legacy: The Forgotten History of the American Colony in St. Petersburg / A Case Study of Reconciliation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzburg, Lyubov Alexandrovna

    2010-04-21

    and the Russian Revolutions......285 Chapter V / Ragtime St. Petersburg St. Petersburg Venues for American Popular Culture and Traditional Russian Amusements........307 Chapter VI / Study Abroad American... known and read by distinguished literary figures in Russia including Alexandr Radischev, who, inspired by the history of the American Revolution, penned his ode Volnost (Liberty), exiled Decembrists N.A. Bestuzhev and M.A. Fonvizin who translated...

  6. Specters of the Cold War in America's century : the Korean War and transnational politics of national imaginaries in the 1950s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hwang, Junghyun

    2008-01-01

    American Novels of the Cold War and Korea, 1945-1962. NewBasinger, Jeanine. The World War II Combat Film: Anatomy of68. Borstlemann, Thomas. The Cold War and the Color Line:

  7. The Cold War is over. What now?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hecker, S.S.

    1995-05-01

    As you might imagine, the end of the Cold War has elicited an intense reexamination of the roles and missions of institutions such as the Los Alamos National Laboratory. During the past few years, the entire defense establishment has undergone substantial consolidation, with a concomitant decrease in support for research and development, including in areas such as materials. The defense industry is down-sizing at a rapid pace. Even universities have experienced significant funding cutbacks from the defense community. I view this as a profound time in history, bringing changes encompassing much more than just the defense world. In fact, support for science and technology is being reexamined across the board more completely than at any other time since the end of World War II.

  8. To return home or "Return to Taiwan" : conflicts and survival in the "Voluntary Repatriation" of Chinese POWs in the Korean War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Cheng David

    2011-01-01

    Anniversary of the Korean War, Journal of Strategic StudiesWar....the Communists: Divergent Civil War Experiences of Chinese

  9. African Americans and the Spanish-American War and Philippine Insurrection: Military Participation, Recognition, and Memory, 1898-1904

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Timothy Dale

    2013-01-01

    and the Spanish American War. Indiana Magazine of History,the Spanish American War, The Sixth Virginia Volunteers. African Americans and the War Against Spain. The North

  10. Cruel Seas: World War 2 Merchant Marine-Related Nautical Fiction from the 1930s to Present

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krummes, Daniel C

    2015-01-01

    Seas : World War 2 merchant marine related nautical fictionWorld War 2 merchant marine related nautical fiction "Seas : World War 2 merchant marine related nautical fiction

  11. The Legacy of Unjust and Illegal Treatment of Unangan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Carlene J.

    2011-12-31

    This thesis discusses the relocation of Unangan during World War II, and the effect that it had on them. It uses personal interviews and secondary sources to provide the Native American and scientific communities with ...

  12. Semantics and Syntax A Legacy of Alan Turing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Semantics and Syntax A Legacy of Alan Turing Scientific Report Arnold Beckmann (Swansea) S. Barry Semantics and Syn- tax was one of the central activities of the Alan Turing Year 2012 (ATY). The ATY, many of which were leaders of their respective fields. Alan Turing's work was too broad for a coherent

  13. Secular Sediment Waves, Channel Bed Waves, and Legacy Sediment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James, L. Allan

    Secular Sediment Waves, Channel Bed Waves, and Legacy Sediment L. Allan James* Geography Department, University South Carolina Abstract The concept of sediment waves is reviewed and clarifications are proposed for nomenclature con- cerning vertical channel responses to large fluvial sediment fluxes over a period of a decade

  14. Legacy sediment: Definitions and processes of episodically produced anthropogenic sediment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James, L. Allan

    Legacy sediment: Definitions and processes of episodically produced anthropogenic sediment L. Allan. Introduction Anthropogenic sediment is an extremely important element of change during the Anthropocene of sediment and the character of land use before and after contact. Rivers are often dominated by cultural

  15. PREDICTIVE YASIR: HIGH SECURITY WITH LOWER LATENCY IN LEGACY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Sean W.

    hydro-electric power station consists of a con- trol center on the bank and a substation on the dam secure operations in legacy industrial control networks, such as power grid net- works. Previous it in the Scalable Simu- lation Framework and testing it on Modbus/ASCII protocol, which is widely used in the power

  16. CASEBASED REASONINGAND LEGACY DATA REUSE FOR WEBBASED RECOMMENDATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ricci, Francesco

    . The framework exploits recent standardization initiatives in the area of XML databases and mediator systems. We show how a legacy database or an XML data source, which may be tagged using a standard vocabulary, can by a network of suppliers that distributes and repackage those items. . Support case exchange. Cases or case

  17. Laboratory's role in Cold War nuclear weapons testing program...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    70th anniversary lecture Laboratory's role in Cold War nuclear weapons testing program focus of next 70th anniversary lecture Lab's role in the development of nuclear weapons...

  18. LPG dealers, manufacturers report diverse effects of recession and war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prowler, S.

    1991-01-01

    The author presents a survey of LPG marketers. The effects of the Persian Gulf War and U.S. recession on the LPG industry are discussed.

  19. DEMOCRACY OVER A BARREL: OIL, REGIME CHANGE AND WAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karl, Terry

    2008-01-01

    armed forces once used oil to finance war, they begin to usesouth. In Colombia, oil helps to finance two rebel groups

  20. After the Water War: Contemporary Political Culture in Cochabamba, Bolivia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hines, Sarah; Shanks, Michael; Cielo, Cristina

    2009-01-01

    Espsito Guevara, Carla and Water Arteaga Aguilar. 2007.Hines, et al. , After the Water War: Contemporary PoliticalInternational Boundary and Water Commission, 2004. No. 2:

  1. Long-Term Assessment of Critical Radionuclides and Associated Environmental Media at the Savannah River Site - 13038

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jannik, G.T.; Baker, R.A.; Lee, P.L. [Savannah River National Laboratory, Savannah River Site, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)] [Savannah River National Laboratory, Savannah River Site, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States); Eddy, T.P.; Blount, G.C. [Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, Savannah River Site, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)] [Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, Savannah River Site, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States); Whitney, G.R. [US Department of Energy, Savannah River Operations, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)] [US Department of Energy, Savannah River Operations, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)

    2013-07-01

    During the operational history of the Savannah River Site (SRS), many different radionuclides have been released from site facilities. However, only a relatively small number of the released radionuclides have been significant contributors to doses and risks to the public. At SRS dose and risk assessments indicate tritium oxide in air and surface water, and Cs-137 in fish and deer have been, and continue to be, the critical radionuclides and pathways. In this assessment, statistical analyses of the long-term trends of tritium oxide in atmospheric and surface water releases and Cs-137 concentrations in fish and deer are provided. Correlations also are provided with 1) operational changes and improvements, 2) geopolitical events (Cold War cessation), and 3) recent environmental remediation projects and decommissioning of excess facilities. For example, environmental remediation of the F- and H-Area Seepage Basins and the Solid Waste Disposal Facility have resulted in a measurable impact on the tritium oxide flux to the onsite Fourmile Branch stream. Airborne releases of tritium oxide have been greatly affected by operational improvements and the end of the Cold War in 1991. However, the effects of SRS environmental remediation activities and ongoing tritium operations on tritium concentrations in the environment are measurable and documented in this assessment. Controlled hunts of deer and feral hogs are conducted at SRS for approximately six weeks each year. Before any harvested animal is released to a hunter, SRS personnel perform a field analysis for Cs-137 concentrations to ensure the Hunter's dose does not exceed the SRS administrative game limit of 0.22 milli-sievert (22 mrem). However, most of the Cs-137 found in SRS onsite deer is not from site operations but is from nuclear weapons testing fallout from the 1950's and early 1960's. This legacy source term is trended in the SRS deer, and an assessment of the 'effective' half-life of Cs-137 in deer (including the physical decay half-life and the environmental dispersion half-life) is provided. The 'creek mouth' fisherman is the next most critical pathway at SRS. On an annual basis, three species of fish (panfish, catfish, and bass) are sampled from the mouths of the five SRS streams. Three composites of up to five fish of each species are analyzed from each sampling location. Long-term trending of the Cs-137 concentrations in fish and the subsequent doses from consumption of SRS fish is provided. (authors)

  2. The Global War on Terror: Race, Gender, and Empire After 9/11

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alimahomed, Sabrina

    2011-01-01

    Violence, and Feminism in the War on Terror. New York: ZedHow to Reinvigorate the War on Terrorism Here at Home, New07- 29_how_to_reinvigorate_the_war_on_terrorism_here_at_

  3. The Effect of War and Its Aftermath on Land Use and Land Cover in Jinotega, Nicaragua

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeledon, Esther Beatriz

    2010-01-01

    Bosnia- Herzegovina a Decade Beyond War. Annals of AmericanBrauer, J. The Effect of War on the Natural Environment.of the Persian Gulf War, 1990-1991: Remote Sensing Datasets

  4. Worlds on view : visual art exhibitions and state identity in the late Cold War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holland, Nicole Murphy

    2010-01-01

    Acheson: A Life in the Cold War. Oxford: Oxford UniversityBarbara. Artists of World War II. Westport CT: GreenwoodExchange and the Cold War, Raising the Iron Curtain.

  5. Cold War love : producing American liberalism in interracial marriages between American soldiers and Japanese women

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsuchiya, Tomoko

    2011-01-01

    Justice: Americanization of Japanese War Crimes at the Endof the Post-Cold War. Journal of Asian American Studies256. Berry, Nicholas O. War and the Red Cross: The Unspoken

  6. Military Formations: Mexican American Civil Rights And Community Belonging During The World War II Era

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bueno, Marianne

    2012-01-01

    Force Material Command Cold War Context, 1945-1991, vol. 2,and Job Politics during World War II. Austin: University ofin Earnings during World War II: New Evidence." Industrial

  7. The Vision of the Other in Mark Twain's 'War-Prayer'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zehr, Martin

    2009-01-01

    Little, 1929. Twain, Mark. The War-Prayer. New York: Harper,New Perspectives on The War-Prayer Essayson The War-Prayer The Vision of the Other in Mark Twain

  8. The Trans-Pacific Lesson of Mark Twain's 'War-Prayer'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsu, Hua

    2009-01-01

    1928. Twain, Mark. The War Prayer. With drawings by JohnBiography as an epigraph to The War-Prayer n.p. ). They mayc Lesson of Mark Twains War-Prayer Hua HSU Written in

  9. Borderland Intimacies: GIs, Koreans, and American Military Landscapes in Cold War Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hwang, Whitney Taejin

    2010-01-01

    1994. Fischer, Hannah. American War and Military OperationsThe Origins of the Korean War: Liberation and the EmergenceThe Origins of the Korean War: The Roaring of the Cataracts,

  10. Remembering Bodies: Gender, Race, and Nationality in the French-Algerian War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quinan, Christine

    2010-01-01

    William. The Algerian War and the Revision of Francesand the Origins of the Post-Cold War Era. New York: OxfordPhilip. Images of the Algerian War: French Fiction and Film,

  11. Mark Twain's 'the War-Prayer'Reflections on Vietnam and Iraq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lan, Mng-

    2009-01-01

    Remarkably, and sadly, The War-Prayer is as meaningfulVol. 2 Mark Twains The War-PrayerRe?ections on Vietnamillumination, have written The War-Prayer. Why? Because

  12. Rules of Engagement: Performance and Identity in the War on Terror

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piepenbrink, Emily

    2012-07-16

    War and war-fighters have become immortalized through performance; generations of service-men and women are defined by actions on the battlefield artfully altered on stage and screen. This reciprocal relationship, whether war-fighters intentionally...

  13. The Origins of Korean Adoption: Cold War Geopolitics and Intimate Diplomacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, E

    2015-01-01

    Klein, Christina. 2003. Cold War Orientalism: Asia in theJanuary. . 1953a First Korean War Baby Brought Here byRace and the Post-World-War-II Translation of American.

  14. Transnational assimilation : literary practices and the racial regime of Cold War America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yin

    2012-01-01

    U.S. or a sheer fiction deployed for Cold War propaganda.Bad Muslim: America, the Cold War, and the Roots of Terror.1984. Borstelmann, Thomas. The Cold War and the Color Line:

  15. Operations new life/arrivals : U.S. national project to forget the Vietnam War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sahara, Ayako

    2009-01-01

    Justice: Americanization of Japanese War Crimes at the Endof the Post-Cold War Journal of Asian American Studies,Americanization of Japanese War Crimes at the End of the

  16. A Clash of Perceptions: Deceit in the Ming-Japan Negotiation During the Imjin War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ha, Yiming

    2015-01-01

    First Great East Asian War, 1592-1598. Norman: University ofHideyoshi 2). Hawley, Imjin War, 371 Seonjo Sujong Sillok,States and Empires: East Asian War, 1592-1598: International

  17. Recipe for Reform: The Food Economy Movement in Britain During the First World War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buckley, Michael Dennis

    2009-01-01

    Inspector of the Board of Education, During the War 1914-18.Women, War, and Society Collection. Fernside, Elizabeth.United Kingdom. National War Savings Committee. F. C. 4:

  18. 13-03-09 9:30 PMCold War Social Science and the Rubric of the "Cold War" | Ether Wave Propaganda Page 1 of 6http://etherwave.wordpress.com/2012/09/06/cold-war-social-science-and-the-rubric-of-the-cold-war/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solovey, Mark

    13-03-09 9:30 PMCold War Social Science and the Rubric of the "Cold War" | Ether Wave Propaganda Page 1 of 6http://etherwave.wordpress.com/2012/09/06/cold-war-social-science-and-the-rubric-of-the-cold-war/ Cold War Social Science and the Rubric of the "Cold War" September 6, 2012 Posted by Will Thomas in EWP

  19. Twain on War and William James on Peace: Shoring up the Platform of the Anti-Imperialist League

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dooley, Patrick

    2009-01-01

    Studies Vol. 2 Twain on War and William James on Peace:helped organize a mass anti-war meeting in Cambridge, MA; heNew Perspectives on The War-Prayer Essays on The War-

  20. Shanghai and the experience of war: The refugee problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Draft 1 Shanghai and the experience of war: The refugee problem Christian Henriot Institut d of thousands of people on the streets. As war expanded to the countryside, millions became refugees. This paper is concerned with the massive and sudden transformation of Shanghai residents into refugees and its impact

  1. Fighting the `Good' Internet War and George Danezis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danezis, George

    , is to suggest strategies and tactics to uncover them. 2 Waging War ­ History Lessons and Internet WarfareFighting the `Good' Internet War Dan Cvrcek and George Danezis 1 University of Cambridge, UK & Brno to counter Internet threats under the light of the classic strategy literature. The literature often

  2. Operations new life/arrivals : U.S. national project to forget the Vietnam War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sahara, Ayako

    2009-01-01

    deployed to rescue the Vietnam War for Americans. 11 SheUS public discussions of Vietnam, have ironically becomeas a rewriting of the Vietnam War. By turning South

  3. Women of Color and Minorities on the Home front during World War II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanders-Pinto, Camille

    2015-01-01

    and Minorities on the Home front during World War II ByCamille Sanders-Pinto During World War II minority women

  4. ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT Environmental Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haase, Markus

    ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT Environmental Policy February 2013 The University of Leeds is responsible to reflect best environmental practice, implement an environmental management system to pursue sustainability and continuous improvement and seek innovative ways of meeting environmental objectives. These include: To meet

  5. Understanding Civil War Violence through Military Intelligence: Mining Civilian Targeting Records from the Vietnam War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douglass, Rex W

    2015-01-01

    Military intelligence is underutilized in the study of civil war violence. Declassified records are hard to acquire and difficult to explore with the standard econometrics toolbox. I investigate a contemporary government database of civilians targeted during the Vietnam War. The data are detailed, with up to 45 attributes recorded for 73,712 individual civilian suspects. I employ an unsupervised machine learning approach of cleaning, variable selection, dimensionality reduction, and clustering. I find support for a simplifying typology of civilian targeting that distinguishes different kinds of suspects and different kinds targeting methods. The typology is robust, successfully clustering both government actors and rebel departments into groups that mirror their known functions. The exercise highlights methods for dealing with high dimensional found conflict data. It also illustrates how aggregating measures of political violence masks a complex underlying empirical data generating process as well as a comple...

  6. Office of Packaging and Transportation Fiscal Year 2012 Annual...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and far ranging of these missions is dealing with the environmental legacy of the Cold War. Many problems posed by its operations are unique, and include the transportation of...

  7. Voluntary Protection Program Onsite Review, Legacy Management Support Team- January 2012

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Evaluation to determine whether Legacy Management Support Team is continuing to perform at a level deserving DOE-VPP Star recognition.

  8. Prisoners of War-Cold War Allies: The Anglo-American Relationship with Wehrmacht Generals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mallett, Derek Ray

    2012-02-14

    halves, regardless of who captured whom, with each being responsible for the internment of their portion. This arrangement remained in effect until September 1944 when, after being inundated with prisoners of war in the months following D-Day, Britain... May 1944,20 of whom ten belonged to the aristocracy. Of these ten aristocratic generals, nine were, themselves, descended from former German generals or high-ranking officers. Thus, not only were the elite heads of the German General Staff...

  9. War dogs: the U.S. K-9 Corps in World War II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whatley, Donald Alan

    1990-01-01

    the Marine Corps and Coast Guard also operated dog training facilities. Almost 80 percent of the animals served as sentries in the United States and the balance in combat zones. The canines proved most effective as sentries and silent scouts but the Army... as messengers and sentries during the Civil War. Legislation was intro- Documentation follows the of Militar Histor duced in Congress in 1917 to appropriate funds "for the purchase, train- ing, and maintenance of dogs for military purposes. " The bill died...

  10. The Decontamination and Characterization Challenges of Legacy Material

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baker, D. IV, Rohrer, S.; Brown, J.

    2003-02-26

    The legacy project at Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute (LRRI) was an opportunity to work with decades worth of research. LRRI was founded in 1963 to provide inhalation research using radioactive nuclides. Over the next 35 years, scientists at the institute researched the effects of radioactivity on the lungs and the effects of inhaled radiation on the body. There were two outcomes of the research. First, the studies provided valuable information regarding radiation safety and the prevention of the inhalation of radioactive material. Second, the studies created a large amount of legacy waste that is now being cleaned up. Overall, the legacy materials project at LRRI was an interesting challenge. It provided opportunities to the team of LRRI and SEC to engineer solutions to remove and release material. It involved unique ALARA engineering to minimize dose exposure to the project team. And finally, it provided an opportunity to minimize low-level radioactive waste. This paper will expand on the waste management challenges and lessons learned.

  11. The Manhattan Project: Science in the Second World War

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gosling, F.G.

    1990-08-01

    The Manhattan Project: Science in the Second World War'' is a short history of the origins and development of the American atomic bomb program during World War II. Beginning with the scientific developments of the pre-war years, the monograph details of the role of the United States government in conducting a secret, nationwide enterprise that took science from the laboratory and into combat with an entirely new type of weapon. The monograph concludes with a discussion of the immediate postwar period, the debate over the Atomic Energy Act of 1946, and the founding of the Atomic Energy Commission.

  12. Networks of Military Alliances, Wars, and International Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Matthew O

    2014-01-01

    We investigate the role of networks of alliances in preventing (multilateral) interstate wars. We first show that, in the absence of international trade, no network of alliances is peaceful and stable. We then show that international trade induces peaceful and stable networks: trade increases the density of alliances so that countries are less vulnerable to attack and also reduces countries' incentives to attack an ally. We present historical data on wars and trade, noting that the dramatic drop in interstate wars since 1950, and accompanying densification and stabilization of alliances, are consistent with the model but not other prominent theories.

  13. Crystal Clear Creators Heritage Lottery Funded Project Leicester in the First World War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    Crystal Clear Creators Heritage Lottery Funded Project Leicester in the First World War Identifying names from Leicester city war memorials and researching personal information about them. Only some of the city war memorials have been recorded in full by the Leicestershire and Rutland War

  14. Deterrence, disarmament, and post-cold war stability: Enhancing security for both ``haves`` and ``have nots``

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lehman, R. F. II

    1995-04-01

    This paper examines possible developments in nuclear disarmament resulting from the end of the Cold War.

  15. How Much Are Those Wars? (How Much Is That Doggie In The Window?)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nightingale, Peter

    , wars ones saw God get- wars ers. fight- dy-the ture ken more ways al- do fu- sa- co- pa- smack- fight The A 't Is Four We ling ways 10 we're war of he we're fight- their has brain- War- dou- fight- struc- al

  16. American Legacy Foundation. Saving Lives, Saving Money: Why States Should Invest in a Tobacco-Free Future.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul G. Billings; Frank Chaloupka; Matthrew Farrelly; Eric N. Lindblom; Thomas Novotny

    2002-01-01

    SAVINGLIVES, SAVING MONEY. Why States Should Invest in a Tobacco-American Legacy Foundation. Saving Lives, Saving Money: Why

  17. Environmental Conditions Environmental Conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Environmental Conditions Environmental Conditions Appendix II The unique geology, hydrology and instream habitat. This chapter examines how environmental conditions in the Deschutes watershed affect, the discussion characterizes the environmental conditions within three watershed areas: the Lower Deschutes

  18. America's Other Half: Slum Journalism and the War of 1898

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leary, John Patrick

    2009-01-01

    theHeydayofYellowJournalism. NewYork:Harper&Row,sOtherHalf: SlumJournalismandtheWarof1898 JOHNof Stephen Cranes wartimejournalismfortheNewYork

  19. Rebels and slaves: reinterpreting the first Sicilian slave war

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morton, Peter Charles Francis

    2009-07-01

    This thesis seeks to rethink the history of the First Sicilian Slave War in the second century B.C. by reassessing the main literary source for the conflict, Diodorus Siculus, and introducing numismatic evidence for the ...

  20. Recovery Act Workers Accomplish Cleanup of Second Cold War Coal...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    June 21, 2011 Recovery Act Workers Accomplish Cleanup of Second Cold War Coal Ash Basin AIKEN, S.C. - American Recovery and Reinvestment Act workers re- cently cleaned up a second...

  1. Music after War: Therapeutic Music Programmes in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kochenderfer, Mary Anne

    2006-01-01

    This thesis is a study of therapeutic music programmes in post-war Bosnia and Herzegovina. This study focuses on how different participant groups perceive programme aims and benefits and what these different perceptions ...

  2. The Armed Peace: A Punctuated Equilibrium Theory of War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slantchev, Branislav L

    2007-01-01

    outlast player 1 if they fight. Consider an arbitrary (x 1 ,each player can reject and fight, any feasible equilibriumif both parties must agree to fight for war to occur. This

  3. Our Role in the War on Cancer | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Our Role in the War on Cancer Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) Click to share on...

  4. Using Theatre to Heal Culture Wars in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klein, Jeanne

    2012-02-08

    After explaining the socio-economic conditions of children in the United States, I explain how a performed play, Lily Plants a Garden by Jose Cruz Gonzalez, may help heal culture wars....

  5. 21H.126 America in Depression and War, Spring 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobs, Meg

    The Great Depression and World War II permanently changed American politics and society. Topics include: the Great Crash, the New Deal, Roosevelt, the home front, the Normandy Invasion, and the atomic bomb. Explores those ...

  6. DEMOCRACY OVER A BARREL: OIL, REGIME CHANGE AND WAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karl, Terry

    2008-01-01

    and A. Suramanian 2004. Saving Iraq from Its Oil, Foreignthe costs of the war in Iraq, I would be more than remissfor democratization. Iraq and the Devils Excrement Oil is

  7. Traumatic Brain Injury: The Signature Injury of the Iraq War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aftandilians, Tania

    2009-01-01

    news/nationworld/iraq/bal- factorvii,0,2855253.storygallery?The Signature Injury of the Iraq War by Tania Aftandiliansremains undi- lives in Iraq; however, funding is severely

  8. Blood Wings: Feeling War in the Twenty-First Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanfilippo, Brenda

    2014-01-01

    What We Dont Know About Drones. The New Yorker. The NewDisputed on Civilian Toll in Drone Strikes." New York Times.The Rise of the Killer Drones: How America Goes to War in

  9. US foreign policy and the CIA: A cold war retrospective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-01-01

    The document consists of three previously announced reports: The CIA under Truman: CIA Cold War Records (PB94-928005); The Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962 (PB92-927906); and Selected Estimates on the Soviet Union (PB93-928112).

  10. Destroyer of Worlds: War and Apocalypse in the Nuclear Epoch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sivak, Andrew Mark

    2015-01-01

    that the purpose of the Manhattan Project was to end war inwho resigned from the Manhattan Project after the fall ofhere is that the Manhattan Project was not essentially

  11. Diversity: Our Commitment, Our Legacy SOM Diversity Strategic Plan 2014-2018 Diversity Strategic Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholson, Bruce J.

    Diversity: Our Commitment, Our Legacy SOM Diversity Strategic Plan 2014-2018 Diversity Strategic Plan School of Medicine 2014-2018 #12;Diversity: Our Commitment, Our Legacy SOM Diversity Strategic Plan 2014-2018 School of Medicine Diversity and Inclusion Strategic Plan (2014-2018) Diversity

  12. YASIR: A Low-Latency, High-Integrity Security Retrofit for Legacy SCADA Systems (Extended Version)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    YASIR: A Low-Latency, High-Integrity Security Retrofit for Legacy SCADA Systems (Extended Version links between devices in legacy Supervisory Con- trol And Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems, on which security, and yet incurs minimal end-to-end communication latency. Keywords: SCADA network security, bump

  13. Excess Plutonium: Weapons Legacy or National Asset?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klipa, G.; Boeke, S.; Hottel, R.

    2002-02-27

    The Nuclear Materials Stewardship Initiative was established in January, 2000, to accelerate the work of achieving integration and cutting long-term costs associated with the management of nuclear materials. As part of that initiative, the Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Environmental Management (EM), has established Nuclear Material Management Groups for the management of excess nuclear materials. As one of these groups, the Plutonium Material Management Group (PMMG) has been chartered to serve as DOE's complex wide resource and point of contact for technical coordination and program planning support in the safe and efficient disposition of the nations excess Plutonium 239. This paper will explain the mission, goals, and objectives of the PMMG. In addition, the paper will provide a broad overview of the status of the plutonium inventories throughout the DOE complex. The DOE currently manages approximately 99.5 MT of plutonium isotopes. Details of the various categories of plutonium, from material designated for national security needs through material that has been declared excess, will be explained. For the plutonium that has been declared excess, the various pathways to disposition (including reuse, recycling, sale, transfer, treatment, consumption, and disposal) will be discussed. At this time 52.5 MT of plutonium has been declared excess and the method of disposition for that material is the subject of study and evaluation within DOE. The role of the PMMG in those evaluations will be outlined.

  14. The War on Terrorism and What We Can Learn from our War with Fire

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    WHITLEY, JOHN B.; YONAS, GEROLD

    2002-07-01

    The highly leveraged, asymmetric attacks of September 11th have launched the nation on a vast ''War on Terrorism''. Now that our vulnerabilities and the enemies' objectives and determination have been demonstrated, we find ourselves rapidly immersed in a huge, complex problem that is virtually devoid of true understanding while being swamped with resources and proposed technologies for solutions. How do we win this war? How do we make sure that we are making the proper investments? What things or freedoms or rights do we have to give up to win? Where do we even start? In analyzing this problem, many similarities to mankind's battle with uncontrolled fire and the threat it presented to society were noted. Major fires throughout history have destroyed whole cities and caused massive loss of life and property. Solutions were devised that have gradually, over several hundred years, reduced this threat to a level that allows us to co-exist with the threat of fire by applying constant vigilance and investments in fire protection, but without living in constant fear and dread from fire. We have created a multi-pronged approach to fire protection that involves both government and individuals in the prevention, mitigation, and response to fires. Fire protection has become a virtually unnoticed constant in our daily lives; we will have to do the same for terrorism. This paper discusses the history of fire protection and draws analogies to our War on Terrorism. We have, as a society, tackled and successfully conquered a problem as big as terrorism. From this battle, we can learn and take comfort.

  15. Finiteness in the Card Game of War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lakshtanov, Evgeny

    2010-01-01

    We study a well-known card game "war" along with its mathematical modification. At the beginning of a game, a set of numbered cards going from 1 to $n$ is split into two parts (hands), and at each round of the game the players lay down the top card from their hand. The player laying the highest card then takes both cards and transfers them to the bottom of their hand. We accept the rule when the lowest valued card in the set beats the highest valued one. The game is finished once one of the players has collected all the cards. The order in which two cards that have been played are returned to the winner's hand, is not defined by the rules. Assuming that the players regularly use both possible ways of returning cards to their hand, we have proved that for all $n$ the time of the game is bounded, i.e. the expected value of the number of moves is finite. A similar result is proved for the standard game played with the classic pack. In the language of finite Markov chains this means that final state can be reache...

  16. Sampling and Analysis Plan for U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management Sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2012-10-24

    This plan incorporates U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Legacy Management (LM) standard operating procedures (SOPs) into environmental monitoring activities and will be implemented at all sites managed by LM. This document provides detailed procedures for the field sampling teams so that samples are collected in a consistent and technically defensible manner. Site-specific plans (e.g., long-term surveillance and maintenance plans, environmental monitoring plans) document background information and establish the basis for sampling and monitoring activities. Information will be included in site-specific tabbed sections to this plan, which identify sample locations, sample frequencies, types of samples, field measurements, and associated analytes for each site. Additionally, within each tabbed section, program directives will be included, when developed, to establish additional site-specific requirements to modify or clarify requirements in this plan as they apply to the corresponding site. A flowchart detailing project tasks required to accomplish routine sampling is displayed in Figure 1. LM environmental procedures are contained in the Environmental Procedures Catalog (LMS/PRO/S04325), which incorporates American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), DOE, and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) guidance. Specific procedures used for groundwater and surface water monitoring are included in Appendix A. If other environmental media are monitored, SOPs used for air, soil/sediment, and biota monitoring can be found in the site-specific tabbed sections in Appendix D or in site-specific documents. The procedures in the Environmental Procedures Catalog are intended as general guidance and require additional detail from planning documents in order to be complete; the following sections fulfill that function and specify additional procedural requirements to form SOPs. Routine revision of this Sampling and Analysis Plan will be conducted annually at the beginning of each fiscal year when attachments in Appendix D, including program directives and sampling location/analytical tables, will be reviewed by project personnel and updated. The sampling location/analytical tables in Appendix D, however, may have interim updates according to project direction that are not reflected in this plan. Deviations from location/analytical tables in Appendix D prior to sampling will be documented in project correspondence (e.g., startup letters). If significant changes to other aspects of this plan are required before the annual update, then the plan will be revised as needed.

  17. Economic interests in the domestic politics of war : evidence from U.S. decisions to go to war with Iraq in 1991 and 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seljan, Samuel Sierra

    2010-01-01

    of the Use of Force against Iraq in 2003." Dissertation,Policy: The Case of the Iraq War. Economica 76, Table 1.1:Policy: The Case of the Iraq War. Economica 76, 225250.

  18. Just war and nuclear weapons : just war theory and its application to the Korean nuclear weapons issue in Korean Christianity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Son, Changwan

    2009-01-01

    This thesis is primarily an application of the Christian tradition of Just War to the problems arising from the basing of US nuclear weapons in South Korea and the development of nuclear weapons by the regime in the ...

  19. Upgrading the HFIR Thermal-Hydraulic Legacy Code Using COMSOL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bodey, Isaac T [ORNL] [ORNL; Arimilli, Rao V [ORNL] [ORNL; Freels, James D [ORNL] [ORNL

    2010-01-01

    Modernization of the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) thermal-hydraulic (TH) design and safety analysis capability is an important step in preparation for the conversion of the HFIR core from a high enriched uranium (HEU) fuel to a low enriched uranium (LEU) fuel. Currently, an important part of the HFIR TH analysis is based on the legacy Steady State Heat Transfer Code (SSHTC), which adds much conservatism to the safety analysis. The multi-dimensional multi-physics capabilities of the COMSOL environment allow the analyst to relax the number and magnitude of conservatisms, imposed by the SSHTC, to present a more physical model of the TH aspect of the HFIR.

  20. Legacy Claims, PIA, Bechtel Jacobs Company, LLC | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResourcelogo and-E C H N I C AFAQ »Lee Honored forLegacy

  1. Mark Solovey. Shaky Foundations: The PoliticsPatronageSocial Science Nexus in Cold War Shaky Foundations: The PoliticsPatronageSocial Science Nexus in Cold War America by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solovey, Mark

    Mark Solovey. Shaky Foundations: The PoliticsPatronageSocial Science Nexus in Cold War America. Shaky Foundations: The PoliticsPatronageSocial Science Nexus in Cold War America by Mark Solovey). CATHY GERE Mark Solovey. Shaky Foundations: The Poli- ticsPatronageSocial Science Nexus in Cold War

  2. The 1964 Festival of Music of the Americas and Spain: A Critical Examination of Ibero-American Musical Relations in the Context of Cold War Politics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Payne, Alyson

    2012-01-01

    of the President's Music": Cold War composers and the Unitedduring the Depression and War. Oxford: Oxford Universityin The Spanish Civil War, 1936-39: American Hemispheric

  3. Facility Environmental Vulnerability Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Hoesen, S.D.

    2001-07-09

    From mid-April through the end of June 2001, a Facility Environmental Vulnerability Assessment (FEVA) was performed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The primary goal of this FEVA was to establish an environmental vulnerability baseline at ORNL that could be used to support the Laboratory planning process and place environmental vulnerabilities in perspective. The information developed during the FEVA was intended to provide the basis for management to initiate immediate, near-term, and long-term actions to respond to the identified vulnerabilities. It was expected that further evaluation of the vulnerabilities identified during the FEVA could be carried out to support a more quantitative characterization of the sources, evaluation of contaminant pathways, and definition of risks. The FEVA was modeled after the Battelle-supported response to the problems identified at the High Flux Beam Reactor at Brookhaven National Laboratory. This FEVA report satisfies Corrective Action 3A1 contained in the Corrective Action Plan in Response to Independent Review of the High Flux Isotope Reactor Tritium Leak at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, submitted to the Department of Energy (DOE) ORNL Site Office Manager on April 16, 2001. This assessment successfully achieved its primary goal as defined by Laboratory management. The assessment team was able to develop information about sources and pathway analyses although the following factors impacted the team's ability to provide additional quantitative information: the complexity and scope of the facilities, infrastructure, and programs; the significantly degraded physical condition of the facilities and infrastructure; the large number of known environmental vulnerabilities; the scope of legacy contamination issues [not currently addressed in the Environmental Management (EM) Program]; the lack of facility process and environmental pathway analysis performed by the accountable line management or facility owner; and poor facility and infrastructure drawings. The assessment team believes that the information, experience, and insight gained through FEVA will help in the planning and prioritization of ongoing efforts to resolve environmental vulnerabilities at UT-Battelle--managed ORNL facilities.

  4. Legacy Vehicle Fuel System Testing with Intermediate Ethanol Blends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davis, G. W.; Hoff, C. J.; Borton, Z.; Ratcliff, M. A.

    2012-03-01

    The effects of E10 and E17 on legacy fuel system components from three common mid-1990s vintage vehicle models (Ford, GM, and Toyota) were studied. The fuel systems comprised a fuel sending unit with pump, a fuel rail and integrated pressure regulator, and the fuel injectors. The fuel system components were characterized and then installed and tested in sample aging test rigs to simulate the exposure and operation of the fuel system components in an operating vehicle. The fuel injectors were cycled with varying pulse widths during pump operation. Operational performance, such as fuel flow and pressure, was monitored during the aging tests. Both of the Toyota fuel pumps demonstrated some degradation in performance during testing. Six injectors were tested in each aging rig. The Ford and GM injectors showed little change over the aging tests. Overall, based on the results of both the fuel pump testing and the fuel injector testing, no major failures were observed that could be attributed to E17 exposure. The unknown fuel component histories add a large uncertainty to the aging tests. Acquiring fuel system components from operational legacy vehicles would reduce the uncertainty.

  5. Constructive Dissent: UC Irvine as a Case Study for the American Student Movement against the Vietnam War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engler, Samantha

    2015-01-01

    www.vvaw.org. 19. Vietnam War Moratorium, Request to23, 2015. 2. Brigham, Robert. "The Wars for Viet Nam."The Wars for Viet Nam. Accessed November 21, 2014. https://

  6. Review: War & the Politics of Identity in Ethiopia: the making of enemies & allies in the Horn of Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kidane, Saba T

    2013-01-01

    War and the Politics of Identity in Ethiopia: the Making ofISBN 978 1 84701 612 6. In War and the Politics of Identityin explaining the latest war with their friendly-neighbor-

  7. March 2015 Columbia Center for New Media Teaching & Learning 1 Lessons from Columbia's MOOC, Civil War & Reconstruction Part 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salzman, Daniel

    Lessons from Columbia's MOOC, Civil War & Reconstruction Part 2 by Laura in Professor Eric Foner's well-received MOOC series on the Civil War and Reconstruction enrolled in Civil War and Reconstruction Part 2 (CWR2) than in Part 1

  8. Constructive Dissent: UC Irvine as a Case Study for the American Student Movement against the Vietnam War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engler, Samantha

    2015-01-01

    http://www.vvaw.org. 19. Vietnam War Moratorium, Request7. Gilbert, Marc Jason. The Vietnam War on Campus: OtherE.M. "Opposition to the Vietnam War among American

  9. Protest in Practice: The University of California Irvine's Place in the Anti-Vietnam War Movement from 1965-1970

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huey, Rebecca

    2012-01-01

    Irvine?s Place in the Anti-Vietnam War Movement from 1965 to06 June 2012 Huey 2 The Vietnam War created a substantialfully understand the anti-Vietnam War movement in the United

  10. Scientific Solutions to Nuclear Waste Environmental Challenges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, Bradley R.

    2014-01-30

    The Hidden Cost of Nuclear Weapons The Cold War arms race drove an intense plutonium production program in the U.S. This campaign produced approximately 100 tons of plutonium over 40 years. The epicenter of plutonium production in the United States was the Hanford site, a 586 square mile reservation owned by the Department of Energy and located on the Colombia River in Southeastern Washington. Plutonium synthesis relied on nuclear reactors to convert uranium to plutonium within the reactor fuel rods. After a sufficient amount of conversion occurred, the rods were removed from the reactor and allowed to cool. They were then dissolved in an acid bath and chemically processed to separate and purify plutonium from the rest of the constituents in the used reactor fuel. The acidic waste was then neutralized using sodium hydroxide and the resulting mixture of liquids and precipitates (small insoluble particles) was stored in huge underground waste tanks. The byproducts of the U.S. plutonium production campaign include over 53 million gallons of high-level radioactive waste stored in 177 large underground tanks at Hanford and another 34 million gallons stored at the Savannah River Site in South Carolina. This legacy nuclear waste represents one of the largest environmental clean-up challenges facing the world today. The nuclear waste in the Hanford tanks is a mixture of liquids and precipitates that have settled into sludge. Some of these tanks are now over 60 years old and a small number of them are leaking radioactive waste into the ground and contaminating the environment. The solution to this nuclear waste challenge is to convert the mixture of solids and liquids into a durable material that won't disperse into the environment and create hazards to the biosphere. What makes this difficult is the fact that the radioactive half-lives of some of the radionuclides in the waste are thousands to millions of years long. (The half-life of a radioactive substance is the amount of time it takes for one-half of the material to undergo radioactive decay.) In general, the ideal material would need to be durable for approximately 10 half-lives to allow the activity to decay to negligible levels. However, the potential health effects of each radionuclide vary depending on what type of radiation is emitted, the energy of that emission, and the susceptibility for the human body to accumulate and concentrate that particular element. Consequently, actual standards tend to be based on limiting the dose (energy deposited per unit mass) that is introduced into the environment. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has the responsibility to establish standards for nuclear waste disposal to protect the health and safety of the public. For example, the Energy Policy Act of 1992 directed the EPA to establish radiation protection standards for the Yucca Mountain geologic repository for nuclear wastes. The standards for Yucca Mountain were promulgated in 2008, and limit the dose to 15 millirem per year for the first 10,000 years, and 100 milirem per year between 10,000 years and 1 million years (40 CFR Part 197; http://www.epa.gov/radiation/yucca/2008factsheet.html). So, the challenge is two-fold: (1) develop a material (a waste form) that is capable of immobilizing the waste over geologic time scales, and (2) develop a process to convert the radioactive sludge in the tanks into this durable waste form material. Glass: Hard, durable, inert, and with infinite chemical versatility Molten glass is a powerful solvent liquid, which can be designed to dissolve almost anything. When solidified, it can be one of the most chemically inert substances known to man. Nature's most famous analogue to glass is obsidian, a vitreous product of volcanic activity; formations over 17 million years old have been found. Archaeologists have found man-made glass specimens that are five thousand years old.

  11. Lew Wallace and the civil war: politics and generalship

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mortenson, Christopher Ryan

    2009-05-15

    , analysis of Wallace?s Civil War years, juxtaposing his autobiography with evidence in archival materials and other published primary sources. The general?s pre-Civil War military career was an asset. Wallace was involved with local, county, and state... stream_source_info MORTENSON-DISSERTATION.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 654174 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name MORTENSON-DISSERTATION.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859...

  12. The History and Application of Christian Just War Theory as Related to Preemptive Attack

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, Galen Michener

    2010-04-28

    Abstract Galen Michener Turner, B.A. Department of Religious Studies, April 2010 University of Kansas The Christian Just War tradition was created around the central principle that war was part of human existence, but that ...

  13. Old Army Fight: The Intersection of War Memorials and Veterans at Texas A&M University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hardi, Betsy Ann

    2015-04-24

    As Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom draw to a close, Americans are curious to learn more about soldier experiences during wartime. War memorials document public war memories and how the masses relate ...

  14. The British Astronomical Association and the Great War of 1914-1918

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shears, Jeremy

    2013-01-01

    Marking the centenary of the outbreak of the First World War, this paper considers the effect of the war on the BAA and pays tribute to some of its members who were involved in the conflict.

  15. Mary A. Favret, War at a Distance: Romanticism and the Making of Modern Wartime: a Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Noel B.

    2010-01-01

    Mary Favrets War at a Distance: Romanticism and the Making of Modern Wartime is a brilliant, beautifully written book on the experience of war in British Romantic writing. Offering intricate close readings of Cowper, ...

  16. Recipe for Reform: The Food Economy Movement in Britain During the First World War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buckley, Michael Dennis

    2009-01-01

    May 1917: 7. "More ration recipes: Rice pancakes and economyFood Economy League. War-Time Recipes for Households WhereFood in War Time and Recipes for Penny Meals. London, 1915-

  17. Mark Twain's 'the War-Prayer'Reflections on Vietnam and Iraq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lan, Mng-

    2009-01-01

    War-PrayerRe?ections on Vietnam and Iraq Mong-Lan Althoughthe Philippines became Vietnam and have become IraqwithThe photographs depicted Vietnam from 1954-1975, the war

  18. Computer Sims: In Climatic Tug of War, Carbon Released From Thawing...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    In Climatic Tug of War, Carbon From Thawing Permafrost Wins In Climatic Tug of War, Carbon From Thawing Permafrost Wins Earth System Model Simulations Run at NERSC Show Lopsided...

  19. ''That truth that lives unchangeably'': The role of ontology in the just war tradition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Phillip Wesley

    2007-04-25

    how certain metaphysical ideas of St. Augustine (especially those on existence, love, and the sovereignty of God) shaped the just war tradition. Following this, I examine the slow evacuation of his metaphysics from the just war tradition. Through...

  20. Why do they fight? Explaining participation in the War in Croatia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Cody McClain

    2013-08-31

    This project explains voluntary participation in the War in Croatia, using a data set of daily interval event data and interviews with Croatian war veterans. It challenges the previous findings of macro level based research on conflict...

  1. 828 NATURE PHYSICS | VOL 7 | NOVEMBER 2011 | www.nature.com/naturephysics A complex legacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    legacy Cristopher Moore In his tragically short life, Alan Turing helped define what computing machines this month, Alan Turing delivered one of the founding works of modern computer science, his paper

  2. A regression approach to infer electricity consumption of legacy telecom equipment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Albert

    A regression approach to infer electricity consumption of legacy telecom equipment [Extended and communications technology accounts for a significant fraction of worldwide electricity consumption. Given inferring the electricity consumption of different components of the installed base of telecommu- nications

  3. Legacy Effects in Material Flux: Structural Catchment Changes Predate Long-Term Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bain, Daniel J.

    Legacy effects of past land use and disturbance are increasingly recognized, yet consistent definitions of and criteria for defining them do not exist. To address this gap in biological- and ecosystem-assessment frameworks, ...

  4. Ecological Assembly Rules and Soil Legacy Effects in the Restoration of an Invaded Plant Community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hilbig, Bridget Elise

    2015-01-01

    A . M . P ETERS . 1997. How soil-borne pathogens may affectCultivation legacies alter soil nutrients and differentially2008. The unseen majority: soil microbes as drivers of plant

  5. Gays and Lesbians at War: Military Service in Iraq and Afghanistan Under Dont Ask, Dont Tell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Nathaniel

    2004-01-01

    AT WAR: MILITARY SERVICE IN IRAQ AND AFGHANISTAN UNDER DONwars in Afghanistan and Iraq. Despite widespread knowledgeused before sites in Iraq and Afghanistan were improved, as

  6. How Just War Theory May Survive Without the Supreme Emergency Exemption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colaner, Nathan

    How Just War Theory May Survive Without the Supreme Emergency Exemption Nathan Colaner University of North Carolina 1 . Introduction Since the human cost of war is inevitably great, the West has traditionally articulated, defended..., and at least nominally practiced a theory of fighting just wars. Unfortunately, this laudable theory is liable to attack because of the widely recognized doctrine of the 'supreme emergency exemption' (SEE). This doctrine states that a nation at war may...

  7. A review of "The Romantic Legacy of Paradise Lost: Reading against the grain" by Jonathan Shears

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Urban, David V.

    2013-01-01

    ? and ?contextual studies.? As a snapshot of recent work by both junior and senior scholars in the ?eld, To Repair the Ruins speaks to the methodological vigor, diversity, and eclecticism of American Milton studies today. Jonathan Shears. ?e Romantic Legacy... and Romantic literature? and ?the legacy that Romantic readings of Paradise Lost have held, and still hold, on the critical consciousness? (?). Respecting but consciously setting his argument against Lucy Newlyn?s Paradise Lost and the Romantic Reader...

  8. U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Legacy Management Program Update, April-June 2009

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2009-04-01

    Welcome to the April-June 2009 issue of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Legacy Management (LM) Program Update. This publication is designed to provide a status of activities within LM. The Legacy Management goals are: (1) Protect human health and the environment through effective and efficient long-term surveillance and maintenance - This goal highlights DOE's responsibility to ensure long-term protection of people, the environment, and the integrity of engineered remedies and monitoring systems. (2) Preserve, protect, and make accessible legacy records and information - This goal recognizes LM's commitment to successfully manage records, information, and archives of legacy sites under its authority. (3) Support an effective and efficient work force structured to accomplish Departmental missions and assure continuity of contractor worker pension and medical benefits - This goal recognizes DOE's commitment to its contracted work force and the consistent management of pension and health benefits. As sites continue to close, DOE faces the challenges of managing pension plan and health benefits liability. (4) Manage legacy land and assets, emphasizing protective real and personal property reuse and disposition - This goal recognizes a DOE need for local collaborative management of legacy assets, including coordinating land use planning, personal property disposition to community reuse organizations, and protecting heritage resources (natural, cultural, and historical). (5) Improve program effectiveness through sound management - This goal recognizes that LM's goals cannot be attained efficiently unless the federal and contractor work force is motivated to meet requirements and work toward continuous performance improvement.

  9. Recipe for Reform: The Food Economy Movement in Britain During the First World War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buckley, Michael Dennis

    2009-01-01

    Oct. 1916: 11. "The war: 3rd year: 236th day." Times 27 Mar.1917: 8. "The war: 3rd year: 334th day." Times 3 July 1917:Barnett 115; "The war: 3rd year: 236th day," Times 27 Mar.

  10. War and Wages: The Strength of Instrumental Variables and Their Sensitivity to Unobserved Biases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Small, Dylan

    War and Wages: The Strength of Instrumental Variables and Their Sensitivity to Unobserved Biases during World War II on subsequent earnings, in which birth cohorts of very similar but not identical age were differently "encouraged" to serve in the war. A striking feature of this example is that those who

  11. SPACE DAILY SPACE WAR TERRA DAILY MARS DAILY SPACE MART SPACE TRAVEL World's Smallest Universal Material

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Espinosa, Horacio D.

    SPACE DAILY SPACE WAR TERRA DAILY MARS DAILY SPACE MART SPACE TRAVEL NANO TECH World's Smallest, professor of mechanical Get Our Free Newsletters Via Email Space - War - Earth - Energy - China your email yes Search All Of Our Sites In One Search SpaceDaily - SpaceWar - TerraDaily Search Horacio D

  12. Book Reviews Cold War Social Science: Knowledge Production, Liberal Democracy, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solovey, Mark

    Book Reviews Cold War Social Science: Knowledge Production, Liberal Democracy, and Human Nature, could be relevant to historians of econom- ics. However, the idea that the Cold War provides Cravens's edited volume, Cold War Social Science: Knowledge Production, Liberal Democracy, and Human

  13. National Center for Digital Government Reflections on The Fog of (Cyber)War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    National Center for Digital Government Reflections on The Fog of (Cyber)War Diego. These assertions are: (a) Cyberspace is a new operational domain for waging war; (b) Cyber warfare can be as severe, it aims at reconnecting the idea of "fog of war" to its Clausewitzian roots, highlighting the importance

  14. -The Bubble Chamber -http://thebubblechamber.org -Review: Cold War Social Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solovey, Mark

    [1] - The Bubble Chamber - http://thebubblechamber.org - Review: Cold War Social Science Posted By Mike Thicke On July 10, 2013 @ 11:04 pm In What We're Reading | No Comments Cold War Social Science.) Palgrave Macmillan (2012) Cold War Social Science is an edited volume that serves as an ideal entre

  15. AusgAbe 04 | 2010 Am 8. November war es so-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schiller, Stephan

    AusgAbe 04 | 2010 Am 8. November war es so- weit: Nach eineinhalb Jahren Vorbereitungs- und Program- senz der HHu erwartet wurde. Ziel des 2009 angelaufenen Projektes war es, der Hein- rich Grafiksammlung ,,Mensch und Tod" zu sehen. Informationen auf seite 10 Oeconomicum: Am 30. November war einweihung

  16. Talking to the Enemy: Germany's Capture of British Voices in the Great War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Talking to the Enemy: Germany's Capture of British Voices in the Great War Catherine Robson Between 1915 and 1918, members of a Royal Prussian Phonogramm Commission visited 70 prisoner-of- war camps of this remarkable episode in the Great War; it explores the project's informing contexts and operational details

  17. Intercepting Tokens: The Empire Strikes Back in the Clone Wars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Intercepting Tokens: The Empire Strikes Back in the Clone Wars ¨Ozg¨ur Dagdelen Marc Fischlin on the weak model of one-time memory tokens. Our protocol only requires four moves, very basic opera- tions-proof hardware devices to relax assumptions dates back to the 80's [62, 50]. Indeed, security tokens

  18. Civil War and the Making of America History 304

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fletcher, Robin

    Civil War and the Making of America History 304 Consider Resources Primary Resources: diaries (scholarly vs. popular), theses, the Web Check subject guide under: Research by Subject History by Region collection unless stated. Album of American History E178 .A2 A (5 volumes; Stauffer Books) Atlas

  19. Nuclear Proliferation and the Deterrence of Conventional War: Justin Pollard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    Nuclear Proliferation and the Deterrence of Conventional War: A Proposal Justin Pollard April 2009) Introduction It seems counterintuitive to think that the spread of nuclear weapons could make the world a safer of ubiquitous nuclear armament is a more dangerous and unstable one. Certainly, a weapon of the nuclear

  20. Real Estate War in Cyberspace: An Emerging Electronic Market?1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowston, Kevin

    Real Estate War in Cyberspace: An Emerging Electronic Market?1 Kevin Crowston and Rolf T. Wigand, we explore how electronic commerce, the World-Wide Web in particular, is affecting the real estate industry. Real estate is a promising setting for studying electronic commerce because it is an information

  1. Experience of War in 20th Century Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fletcher, Robin

    1 Experience of War in 20th Century Europe History 451 Consider Resources Primary Resources" introductions to history of Europe and other regions. Find Primary Sources For information about primary sources the word documents in the title. (europe or european) and history and document* B. Look up Historical

  2. New College Servants in the 1914-18 War The last three names on Eric Gill's 1914-18 war memorial on the south wall of the Antechapel are

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flynn, E. Victor

    New College Servants in the 1914-18 War The last three names on Eric Gill's 1914-18 war memorial, and the chronological list of students and fellows who died in that war, and they give pause for thought concerning children. Like most of the college servants who enlisted when war broke out, he joined the Oxford

  3. ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING UNDERGRADUATEHANDBOOK #12;Environmental Engineering 2015-2016 2015-16 UNDERGRADUATE HANDBOOK FOR ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING MISSION STATEMENT FOR ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING PROGRAM Educate the next generation of environmental engineering professionals and assist in the education

  4. Environmental Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elimelech, Menachem

    ;Beacon for Outstanding Environmental Engineering Education and Research Environmental EngineeringEnvironmental Engineering at the Fall 2014 #12;Environmental Engineering at Yale began in 1998 in environmental, biological, and engineering sciences and guided by the University's global perspective. In 2010

  5. OPERATIONS OTHER THAN WAR: MODELING AND SIMULATION Rafael M. Savelli, Gustavo S.O. Lyrio and Roberto de Beauclair Seixas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Figueiredo, Luiz Henrique

    OPERATIONS OTHER THAN WAR: MODELING AND SIMULATION Rafael M. Savelli, Gustavo S.O. Lyrio War, Serious Games, Modeling and Simulation. ABSTRACT This work presents a model and simulation system in operations other than war. Operations other than war are controlled and financed by the United Nations (UN

  6. River Corridor Work Creates Legacy of Success in Cleanup of Nations Plutonium Production

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    RICHLAND, Wash. The Columbia River flows through the Hanford Site for approximately 50 miles. Nine reactors were built along its southern shore during World War II and the Cold War to produce plutonium for the nations nuclear weapons program.

  7. The Chandra COSMOS Legacy survey: optical/IR identifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marchesi, S; Elvis, M; Salvato, M; Brusa, M; Comastri, A; Gilli, R; Hasinger, G; Lanzuisi, G; Miyaji, T; Treister, E; Urry, C M; Vignali, C; Zamorani, G; Allevato, V; Cappelluti, N; Cardamone, C; Finoguenov, A; Griffiths, R E; Karim, A; Laigle, C; LaMassa, S M; Jahnke, K; Ranalli, P; Schawinski, K; Schinnerer, E; Silverman, J D; Smolcic, V; Suh, H; Trakhtenbrot, B

    2015-01-01

    We present the catalog of optical and infrared counterparts of the Chandra COSMOS-Legacy Survey, a 4.6 Ms Chandra program on the 2.2 square degrees of the COSMOS field, combination of 56 new overlapping observations obtained in Cycle 14 with the previous C-COSMOS survey. In this Paper we report the i, K, and 3.6 micron identifications of the 2273 X-ray point sources detected in the new Cycle 14 observations. We use the likelihood ratio technique to derive the association of optical/infrared (IR) counterparts for 97% of the X-ray sources. We also update the information for the 1743 sources detected in C-COSMOS, using new K and 3.6 micron information not available when the C-COSMOS analysis was performed. The final catalog contains 4016 X-ray sources, 97% of which have an optical/IR counterpart and a photometric redshift, while 54% of the sources have a spectroscopic redshift. The full catalog, including spectroscopic and photometric redshifts and optical and X-ray properties described here in detail, is availa...

  8. Alan Turing's Legacy: Info-Computational Philosophy of Nature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic

    2012-07-03

    Alan Turing's pioneering work on computability, and his ideas on morphological computing support Andrew Hodges' view of Turing as a natural philosopher. Turing's natural philosophy differs importantly from Galileo's view that the book of nature is written in the language of mathematics (The Assayer, 1623). Computing is more than a language of nature as computation produces real time physical behaviors. This article presents the framework of Natural Info-computationalism as a contemporary natural philosophy that builds on the legacy of Turing's computationalism. Info-computationalism is a synthesis of Informational Structural Realism (the view that nature is a web of informational structures) and Natural Computationalism (the view that nature physically computes its own time development). It presents a framework for the development of a unified approach to nature, with common interpretation of inanimate nature as well as living organisms and their social networks. Computing is understood as information processing that drives all the changes on different levels of organization of information and can be modeled as morphological computing on data sets pertinent to informational structures. The use of infocomputational conceptualizations, models and tools makes possible for the first time in history the study of complex selforganizing adaptive systems, including basic characteristics and functions of living systems, intelligence, and cognition.

  9. Environmental Sciences Division Publications 2006 Updated: Dec. 2006 1. Biomass Energy Data Book, S.C. Davis, Editor. 2006.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -doped sol-gel substrate in Nuclear Waste Management: Accomplishment of the Environmental Management Science Decontamination and Characterization by Pulsed Laser, in Nuclear Waste Management: Accomplishment. 367-367. 13.Bagwell, C.E., X. Liu, L. Wu, and J. Zhou, Effects of legacy nuclear waste

  10. The Ghost of the Bomb : the Bravo Medical Program, scientific uncertainty, and the legacy of U.S. Cold War science, 1954-2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harkewicz, Laura J.

    2010-01-01

    As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA), incorporated conceptuallyon the as low as reasonably achievable - ALARA concept.549 ALARA limited radiation exposures to the general public

  11. The Ghost of the Bomb : the Bravo Medical Program, scientific uncertainty, and the legacy of U.S. Cold War science, 1954-2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harkewicz, Laura J.

    2010-01-01

    Enewetak by continued nuclear weapons tests. Subsequently,some time during the Nuclear Weapons Testing Program. ThisExposure to Fallout from Nuclear Weapons Testing Conducted

  12. The Ghost of the Bomb : the Bravo Medical Program, scientific uncertainty, and the legacy of U.S. Cold War science, 1954-2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harkewicz, Laura J.

    2010-01-01

    outrage about secret humans experiments that had been fundedto become framed as a human experiment. Like the Saengerexposure not as a human experiment, but as an observational

  13. The Ghost of the Bomb : the Bravo Medical Program, scientific uncertainty, and the legacy of U.S. Cold War science, 1954-2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harkewicz, Laura J.

    2010-01-01

    agreements, the congressional testimonies, the scientificPrevention. In his Congressional testimony, Simon presented590 In his 2005 Congressional testimony, he argued against

  14. The Ghost of the Bomb : the Bravo Medical Program, scientific uncertainty, and the legacy of U.S. Cold War science, 1954-2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harkewicz, Laura J.

    2010-01-01

    L. Martenson. Human Radiation Experiments and the FormationCommittee on Human Radiation Experiments (ACHRE). Finaltherapy without human radiation experiments? Granted the

  15. The Ghost of the Bomb : the Bravo Medical Program, scientific uncertainty, and the legacy of U.S. Cold War science, 1954-2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harkewicz, Laura J.

    2010-01-01

    the AEC. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) took overfor the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. 426 Bertells1990, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) adopted

  16. The Ghost of the Bomb : the Bravo Medical Program, scientific uncertainty, and the legacy of U.S. Cold War science, 1954-2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harkewicz, Laura J.

    2010-01-01

    science: The Atomic Energy Commissions laboratory system. J. Samuel. The Atomic Energy Commission and the Politics ofUnited States Atomic Energy Commission Division of Biology

  17. The Ghost of the Bomb : the Bravo Medical Program, scientific uncertainty, and the legacy of U.S. Cold War science, 1954-2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harkewicz, Laura J.

    2010-01-01

    first. The Marshallese used coconut oil dressings in theirthat lost from copra production. Copra is coconut oilextracted from coconut meat. Copra trading was a major

  18. The Ghost of the Bomb : the Bravo Medical Program, scientific uncertainty, and the legacy of U.S. Cold War science, 1954-2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harkewicz, Laura J.

    2010-01-01

    and Pinch, Handbook of Science and Technology Studies, 393 and Trevor Pinch, eds. Handbook of Science and Technology

  19. Nations At War I: Why do we keep building weapons?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dhillon, Vikram

    2010-01-01

    This paper is the first in series of four papers that present an analytical approach to war using game theory. We try to explore why is it that "true peace" can't be achieved and all or any efforts we make towards that goal will have huge road-blocks. A fairly simplistic and non technical overview of our approach is given in this paper using prisoner's dilemma.

  20. Cold War Context Statement: Sandia National Laboratories, California Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ULLRICH, REBECCA A.

    2003-01-01

    This document was prepared to support the Department of Energy's compliance with Sections 106 and 110 of the National Historic Preservation Act. It provides an overview of the historic context in which Sandia National Laboratories/California was created and developed. Establishing such a context allows for a reasonable and reasoned historical assessment of Sandia National Laboratories/California properties. The Cold War arms race provides the primary historical context for the SNL/CA built environment.

  1. Going Paranoid from the Cold War to the Post-Cold War: Conspiracy Fiction of DeLillo, Didion, and Silko

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lew, Seung

    2010-07-14

    , an amateur scholar of the history of private mail delivery in the US and a member of the Peter Pinguid Society, who believes that Peter Pinguid, a Confederate commanding officer of a man-of-war during the Civil War, was the ?first casualty...

  2. Legacy System Anti-Patterns and a Pattern-Oriented Migration Response Anthony Lauder and Stuart Kent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kent, University of

    of hacking result in accidental architectures which resist the reflection of on-going business process change. Such petrified systems are termed legacy systems. Legacy systems are simultaneously business assets and business liabilities. Their hard-won dependability and accurate reflection of tacit business knowledge prevents us from

  3. ACS Web Editions/ACS Legacy Archives Multiple Site/Consortium Sales Agreement Page 1 of 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kisiel, Zbigniew

    ACS Web Editions/ACS Legacy Archives Multiple Site/Consortium Sales Agreement Page 1 of 2 I. Czasopisma ACS Web Edition 1. Accounts of Chemical Research 2. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 3. ACS Letters http://pubs.acs.org/journal/jpclcd #12;ACS Web Editions/ACS Legacy Archives Multiple Site

  4. A Vital Legacy - Biological and Environmental Research in the Atomic Age

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaughan editor, Douglas

    2010-01-01

    for low-cost bioremediation of ground water and for improvedwater contaminated with chromium. 1995 OHER conceived the Natural and Acceler- ated Bioremediation

  5. A Vital Legacy - Biological and Environmental Research in the Atomic Age

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaughan editor, Douglas

    2010-01-01

    health physics works and industrial hygiene activ- ities."health physics, industrial hygiene, and radiation biology.

  6. A Vital Legacy - Biological and Environmental Research in the Atomic Age

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaughan editor, Douglas

    2010-01-01

    Consequence: The Human Genome Project A Heritage of Geneticsprograms as the Human Genome Project and the U.S. Globalboundless promise. The Human Genome Project, for example, is

  7. A Vital Legacy - Biological and Environmental Research in the Atomic Age

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaughan editor, Douglas

    2010-01-01

    it created the Atomic Energy Commission. For the ensuingcivilian agency, the Atomic Energy Commission. O n Januarywithin the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. The boundaries of

  8. A Vital Legacy - Biological and Environmental Research in the Atomic Age

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaughan editor, Douglas

    2010-01-01

    as Basic Energy Sciences and Computational and Technologybasic research programs in support of the Department's vital national missions in energy technology,

  9. Letter: Incorporation of Input from the Environmental Management SSAB into Office of Legacy Management Activities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    From: Assistant Secretary, Jessie H. Roberson (EM-1) To: Mr. James C. Bierer, Chair, Fernald Citizens Advisory Board

  10. A Vital Legacy - Biological and Environmental Research in the Atomic Age

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaughan editor, Douglas

    2010-01-01

    and safety policy for the Manhattan Project and inauguratedcarried out during the Manhattan Project to protect workerstime of the Manhattan with radioactive Project, physicists

  11. Environmental Autobiography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcus, Clare Cooper

    2014-01-01

    Marcus Environmental Autobiography The Australian novelist,as the environmental autobiography. Clare Cooper Marcus Theof a large Environmental Autobiography code we designed to

  12. Transuranic Waste Processing Center (TWPC) Legacy Tank RH-TRU Sludge Processing and Compliance Strategy - 13255

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rogers, Ben C.; Heacker, Fred K.; Shannon, Christopher [Wastren Advantage, Inc., Transuranic Waste Processing Center, 100 WIPP Road, Lenoir City, Tennessee 37771 (United States)] [Wastren Advantage, Inc., Transuranic Waste Processing Center, 100 WIPP Road, Lenoir City, Tennessee 37771 (United States); and others

    2013-07-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) needs to safely and efficiently treat its 'legacy' transuranic (TRU) waste and mixed low-level waste (LLW) from past research and defense activities at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) so that the waste is prepared for safe and secure disposal. The TWPC operates an Environmental Management (EM) waste processing facility on the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR). The TWPC is classified as a Hazard Category 2, non-reactor nuclear facility. This facility receives, treats, and packages low-level waste and TRU waste stored at various facilities on the ORR for eventual off-site disposal at various DOE sites and commercial facilities. The Remote Handled TRU Waste Sludge held in the Melton Valley Storage Tanks (MVSTs) was produced as a result of the collection, treatment, and storage of liquid radioactive waste originating from the ORNL radiochemical processing and radioisotope production programs. The MVSTs contain most of the associated waste from the Gunite and Associated Tanks (GAAT) in the ORNL's Tank Farms in Bethel Valley and the sludge (SL) and associated waste from the Old Hydro-fracture Facility tanks and other Federal Facility Agreement (FFA) tanks. The SL Processing Facility Build-outs (SL-PFB) Project is integral to the EM cleanup mission at ORNL and is being accelerated by DOE to meet updated regulatory commitments in the Site Treatment Plan. To meet these commitments a Baseline (BL) Change Proposal (BCP) is being submitted to provide continued spending authority as the project re-initiation extends across fiscal year 2012 (FY2012) into fiscal year 2013. Future waste from the ORNL Building 3019 U-233 Disposition project, in the form of U-233 dissolved in nitric acid and water, down-blended with depleted uranyl nitrate solution is also expected to be transferred to the 7856 MVST Annex Facility (formally the Capacity Increase Project (CIP) Tanks) for co-processing with the SL. The SL-PFB project will construct and install the necessary integrated systems to process the accumulated MVST Facilities SL inventory at the TWPC thus enabling safe and effective disposal of the waste. This BCP does not include work to support current MVST Facility Surveillance and Maintenance programs or the ORNL Building 3019 U-233 Disposition project, since they are not currently part of the TWPC prime contract. The purpose of the environmental compliance strategy is to identify the environmental permits and other required regulatory documents necessary for the construction and operation of the SL- PFB at the TWPC, Oak Ridge, TN. The permits and other regulatory documents identified are necessary to comply with the environmental laws and regulations of DOE Orders, and other requirements documented in the SL-PFB, Safety Design Strategy (SDS), SL-A-AD-002, R0 draft, and the Systems, Function and Requirements Document (SFRD), SL-X-AD-002, R1 draft. This compliance strategy is considered a 'living strategy' and it is anticipated that it will be revised as design progresses and more detail is known. The design basis on which this environmental permitting and compliance strategy is based is the Wastren Advantage, Inc., (WAI), TWPC, SL-PFB (WAI-BL-B.01.06) baseline. (authors)

  13. Environmental Participation and Environmental Motivation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgler, Benno; Garca-Valias, Mara A.; Macintyre, Alison

    2009-01-01

    Willingness to pay for environmental protection in Germany:varying the causes of environmental problems on stated WTPstudy. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management,

  14. Environmental surveillance at Los Alamos during 2009

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fuehne, David; Poff, Ben; Hjeresen, Denny; Isaacson, John; Johnson, Scot; Morgan, Terry; Paulson, David; Salzman, Sonja; Rogers, David

    2010-09-30

    Environmental Surveillance at Los Alamos reports are prepared annually by the Los Alamos National Laboratory (the Laboratory) environmental organization, as required by US Department of Energy Order 5400.1, General Environmental Protection Program, and US Department of Energy Order 231.1A, Environment, Safety, and Health Reporting. These annual reports summarize environmental data that are used to determine compliance with applicable federal, state, and local environmental laws and regulations, executive orders, and departmental policies. Additional data, beyond the minimum required, are also gathered and reported as part of the Laboratorys efforts to ensure public safety and to monitor environmental quality at and near the Laboratory. Chapter 1 provides an overview of the Laboratorys major environmental programs and explains the risks and the actions taken to reduce risks at the Laboratory from environmental legacies and waste management operations. Chapter 2 reports the Laboratorys compliance status for 2009. Chapter 3 provides a summary of the maximum radiological dose the public and biota populations could have potentially received from Laboratory operations and discusses chemical exposures. The environmental surveillance and monitoring data are organized by environmental media (air in Chapter 4; water and sediments in Chapters 5 and 6; soils in Chapter 7; and foodstuffs and biota in Chapter 8) in a format to meet the needs of a general and scientific audience. Chapter 9 provides a summary of the status of environmental restoration work around LANL. The new Chapter 10 describes the Laboratorys environmental stewardship efforts and provides an overview of the health of the Rio Grande. A glossary and a list of acronyms and abbreviations are in the back of the report. Appendix A explains the standards for environmental contaminants, Appendix B explains the units of measurements used in this report, Appendix C describes the Laboratorys technical areas and their associated programs, and Appendix D provides web links to more information.

  15. Environmental Stewardship

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Stewardship community-environmentassetsimagesiconearthday.jpg Environmental Stewardship Our environmental stewardship commitment: we will clean up contamination from the...

  16. Savannah River Site environmental report for 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arnett, M.W.; Mamatey, A.

    1995-12-31

    The 1990s have brought dramatic change to the Savannah River Site (SRS) in its role as a key part of the U.S. Department of Energy`s (DOE) weapons complex. Shrinking federal budgets, sharp workforce reductions, the end of the Cold War, and a major shift in mission objectives have combined to severely test the mettle of SRS-South Carolina`s largest employer. But the sprawling 310-square-mile site`s employees have responded to the test in admirable fashion, effectively shifting their emphasis from weapons production to environmental restoration. This report describes the environmental report for the SRS for 1995.

  17. Surviving Through The Post-Cold War Era: The Evolution of Foreign Policy In North Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yee, Samuel

    2008-01-01

    to the development of nuclear weapons to substitute for thethe Cold War. Developing nuclear weapons also bolstered thethe reduction of nuclear weapons as well as the general

  18. The Strategic Consequences of Military Quagmires: An Examination of War-weariness Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stapleton, Bradford Ian

    2014-01-01

    defend Formosa and the offshore islands so that the Unitedto go to war over the offshore islands, staunchly supportedThe Dienbienphu Crisis. The Offshore Islands

  19. Drowning out the Silence: Nigerian Civil War Literature and the Politics of Gender-Based Violence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hancock, Lynn

    2012-01-01

    Civil War are rare and rape, abuse, and gender-selectivewar suggest that incidents of rape, sexual Hancock | 2regards to accounts of rape, sexual exploitation, gender-

  20. The Health Impact of Chemical Exposures During the Gulf War: A Research Planning Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Health Impact of Chemical Exposures During the Gulf War: A Research Planning Conference and Disease Registry #12;Research Planning Conference Report i Table of Contents Acknowledgments

  1. A SHARED STATE: IRAQI REFUGEES AND AMERICAN VETERANS IN THE AFTERMATH OF WAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolins, Maia

    2013-01-01

    Afghanistan, Palestine, and Iraq. Malden, MA: BlackwellCharles. A History of Iraq. New York: Cambridge UniversityWeb. Also, Glantz, Aaron and Iraq Veterans Against the War.

  2. Higher prices or gasoline lines loom if Iran-Iraq war lasts into spring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Madison, C.

    1981-01-17

    Policies for dealing with the gasoline shortage caused by the Iran-Iraq war are predicted. Options for allocations of existing supplies are discussed. (PSB)

  3. Humanity Must Be Defended: War, Politics and Humanitarian Relief in Iraq, 1990-2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McIntyre, Adrian

    2010-01-01

    Yaphe, Judith S. 2004. Iraq Considered: Review Article. Post-war Reconstruction in Iraq: The Case Study of BasrahWord: Political Discourse in Iraq. Oxford University Press.

  4. The Anglo-Scottish Print War: Sermons, Pamphlets, and Polemics 1638-1640

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hudson, Joshua David

    2011-01-01

    Print War: Sermons, Pamphlets, and Polemics 1638-1640 Abase. While he understood pamphlets provide evidence of what1638 to 1640. Sermons, pamphlets, polemics, works of prose

  5. Environmental Prosperity Game. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berman, M.; Boyack, K.; VanDevender, J.P.

    1995-12-01

    Prosperity Games are an outgrowth and adaptation of move/countermove and seminar War Games. Prosperity Games are simulations that explore complex issues in a variety of areas including economics, politics, sociology, environment, education and research. These issues can be examined from a variety of perspectives ranging from a global, macroeconomic and geopolitical viewpoint down to the details of customer/supplier/market interactions in specific industries. All Prosperity Games are unique in that both the game format and the player contributions vary from game to game. This report documents the Environmental Prosperity Game conducted under the sponsorship of the Silicon Valley Environmental Partnership. Players were drawn from all stakeholders involved in environmental technologies including small and large companies, government, national laboratories, universities, environmentalists, the legal profession, finance, and the media. The primary objectives of this game were to: investigate strategies for developing a multi-agency (national/state/regional), one-step regulatory approval process for certifying and implementing environmental technologies and evaluating the simulated results; identify the regulatory hurdles and requirements, and the best approaches for surmounting them; identify technical problems and potential resources (environmental consultants, labs, universities) for solving them. The deliberations and recommendations of these players provided valuable insights as to the views of this diverse group of decision makers concerning environmental issues, including the development, licensing, and commercialization of new technologies.

  6. SAVANNAH RIVER SITE COLD WAR HISTORIC PROPERTY DOCUMENTATION

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) byMultidayAlumni > The EnergyRyan REPORT4.F..2. Nitrogen REQUEST #WAR

  7. Environmental surveillance at Los Alamos during 2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fuehne, David; Gallagher, Pat; Hjeresen, Denny; Isaacson, John; Johson, Scot; Morgan, Terry; Paulson, David; Rogers, David

    2009-09-30

    Environmental Surveillance at Los Alamos reports are prepared annually by the Los Alamos National Laboratory (the Laboratory) Environmental Programs Directorate, as required by US Department of Energy Order 450.1, General Environmental Protection Program, and US Department of Energy Order 231.1A, Environment, Safety, and Health Reporting. These annual reports summarize environmental data that are used to determine compliance with applicable federal, state, and local environmental laws and regulations, executive orders, and departmental policies. Additional data, beyond the minimum required, are also gathered and reported as part of the Laboratorys efforts to ensure public safety and to monitor environmental quality at and near the Laboratory. Chapter 1 provides an overview of the Laboratorys major environmental programs and explains the risks and the actions taken to reduce risks at the Laboratory from environmental legacies and waste management operations. Chapter 2 reports the Laboratorys compliance status for 2007. Chapter 3 provides a summary of the maximum radiological dose the public and biota populations could have potentially received from Laboratory operations and discusses chemical exposures. The environmental surveillance and monitoring data are organized by environmental media (Chapter 4, air; Chapters 5 and 6, water and sediments; Chapter 7, soils; and Chapter 8, foodstuffs and biota) in a format to meet the needs of a general and scientific audience. Chapter 9 provides a summary of the status of environmental restoration work around LANL. A glossary and a list of acronyms and abbreviations are in the back of the report. Appendix A explains the standards for environmental contaminants, Appendix B explains the units of measurements used in this report, Appendix C describes the Laboratorys technical areas and their associated programs, and Appendix D provides web links to more information.

  8. Social Structure and Development: A Legacy of the Holocaust in Russia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acemoglu, Daron

    We document a statistical association between the severity of the persecution, displacement and mass murder of Jews by the Nazis during World War II and long-run economic and political outcomes within Russia. Cities that ...

  9. ORIGINAL PAPER The legacy of crystal-plastic deformation in olivine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jung, Haemyeong

    ORIGINAL PAPER The legacy of crystal-plastic deformation in olivine: high-diffusivity pathways Abstract Crystal-plastic olivine deformation to produce subgrain boundaries composed of edge dislocations is an inevitable consequence of asthenospheric mantle flow. Although crystal-plastic deformation

  10. ontinuing the legacy of Dr. Charles D. Keeling in monitoring carbon dioxide, NOAA's Office

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C ontinuing the legacy of Dr. Charles D. Keeling in monitoring carbon dioxide, NOAA's Office provides funding to Charles D. Keeling to begin monitoring carbon dioxide (CO2) at the South Pole and Mauna-seasonal data on carbon dioxide, methane, carbon monoxide, and other gases in a region where rapid climate

  11. YASIR: A Low-Latency, High-Integrity Security Retrofit for Legacy SCADA Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    YASIR: A Low-Latency, High-Integrity Security Retrofit for Legacy SCADA Systems Patrick P. Tsang in Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems. Previous BITW solutions fail to provide@cs.dartmouth.edu #12;Contents 1 Introduction 3 1.1 SCADA Systems

  12. YASIR: A Low-Latency, High-Integrity Security Retrofit for Legacy SCADA Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Sean W.

    YASIR: A Low-Latency, High-Integrity Security Retrofit for Legacy SCADA Systems Patrick P. Tsang Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems, on which the proper operations of critical-to-end communication latency. 1 Introduction 1.1 SCADA Systems Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems

  13. P s y c h L i n k Shurrager Legacy In Psychology at IIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    P s y c h L i n k Shurrager Legacy In Psychology at IIT PsychLink is published by the Institute of Psychology Please send correspondence to: PsychLink Institute of Psychology 3101 S. Dearborn Room 252 Chicago, IL 60616-3793 (312) 567-3500 psychology@iit.edu Volume 8, 2nd Issue The Newsletter of the Institute

  14. Regulatory Oversight of the Legacy Gunner Uranium Mine and Mill Site in Northern Saskatchewan, Canada - 13434

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stenson, Ron; Howard, Don

    2013-07-01

    As Canada's nuclear regulator, the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC) is responsible for licensing all aspects of uranium mining, including remediation activities at legacy sites. Since these sites already existed when the current legislation came into force in 2000, and the previous legislation did not apply, they present a special case. The Nuclear Safety and Control Act (NSCA), was written with cradle-to- grave oversight in mind. Applying the NSCA at the end of a 'facilities' life-cycle poses some challenges to both the regulator and the proponent. When the proponent is the public sector, even more challenges can present themselves. Although the licensing process for legacy sites is no different than for any other CNSC license, assuring regulatory compliance can be more complicated. To demonstrate how the CNSC has approached the oversight of legacy sites the history of the Commission's involvement with the Gunnar uranium mine and mill site provides a good case study. The lessons learned from the CNSC's experience regulating the Gunnar site will benefit those in the future who will need to regulate legacy sites under existing or new legislation. (authors)

  15. Deployment of Formal Methods in Industry: the Legacy of the FP7 ICT DEPLOY Integrated Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southampton, University of

    , initially in the four sectors which are key to European industry and society. Paper [2] written whenDeployment of Formal Methods in Industry: the Legacy of the FP7 ICT DEPLOY Integrated Project) on Industrial Deployment of Advanced System Engineering Methods for High Productivity and Dependability [1

  16. The legacy of harvest and fire on ecosystem carbon storage in a north temperate forest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Curtis, Peter S.

    to store carbon (C) due to variation in disturbance frequency and intensity, successional status, soil: Disturbance effects on forest carbon storage Final Submission to Global Change Biology 1 #12;Summary1 2 3 4 5 this legacy of disturbance constrains forest carbon (C) storage rates by quantifying C pools and fluxes after

  17. Performance Analysis and Comparison between Legacy-PSM and U-APSD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Braun, Torsten

    popular power saving mechanisms defined in the IEEE 802.11 standard, namely the Power Save Mode (Legacy-PSM) and the Unscheduled Automatic Power Save Delivery (U-APSD). The assessment comprises a detailed study concerning, Power Save Mode, U-APSD I. INTRODUCTION The usage of Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs) has become

  18. Performance Analysis and Comparison between Legacy-PSM and U-APSD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Braun, Torsten

    popular power saving mechanisms defined in the IEEE 802.11 standard, namely the Power Save Mode (Legacy-PSM) and the Unscheduled Automatic Power Save Delivery (U-APSD). The assessment comprises a detailed study concerning Efficiency, Power Save Mode, U-APSD I. INTRODUCTION The usage of Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs) has

  19. Integrated Weed Control for Land Stewardship at Legacy Management's Rocky Flats Site in Colorado - 13086

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, Jody K.

    2013-07-01

    Land stewardship is one of nine sustainability programs in the U.S. Department of Energy's Environmental Management System. Land stewardship includes maintaining and improving ecosystem health. At the Rocky Flats Site near Westminster, Colorado, land stewardship is an integral component of the Office of Legacy Management's post-closure monitoring and management at the site. Nearly 263 hectares (650 acres) were disturbed and re-vegetated during site cleanup and closure operations. Proactive management of revegetation areas is critical to the successful reestablishment of native grasslands, wetlands, and riparian communities. The undisturbed native plant communities that occur at the site also require active management to maintain the high-quality wetlands and other habitats that are home to numerous species of birds and other wildlife such as elk and deer, rare plant communities, and the federally listed threatened Preble's meadow jumping mouse. Over the past several decades, an increase of Noxious weeds has impacted much of Colorado's Front Range. As a result, weed control is a key component of the land stewardship program at Rocky Flats. Thirty-three species of state-listed Noxious weeds are known to occur in the Central and Peripheral Operable Units at Rocky Flats, along with another five species that are considered invasive at the site. Early detection and rapid response to control new invasive species is crucial to the program. An integrated weed control/vegetation management approach is key to maintaining healthy, sustainable plant communities that are able to resist Noxious weed invasions. Weed mapping, field surveys, and field-staff training sessions (to learn how to identify new potential problem species) are conducted to help detect and prevent new weed problems. The integrated approach at Rocky Flats includes administrative and cultural techniques (prevention), mechanical controls, biological controls, and chemical controls. Several species of biocontrol insects have been released to assist with control of different target weed species. Monitoring is conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of control efforts and to provide information for future control efforts. The effective implementation of this integrated approach has reduced the infestation levels of many species and has kept several newly discovered invasive species from spreading and becoming larger problems at the site. (authors)

  20. Sloan Digital Sky Survey II (SDSS-II), Data Release 7, including the Legacy Survey

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) is a series of three interlocking imaging and spectroscopic surveys, carried out over an eight-year period with a dedicated 2.5m telescope located at Apache Point Observatory in Southern New Mexico. The seventh data release (DR7) from the SDSS represents a completion of the overall, original project, though SDSS-III began in 2008 and will build upon the knowledge gained already. The SDSS Legacy Survey provided a uniform, well-calibrated map of more than 7,500 square degrees of the North Galactic Cap, and three stripes in the South Galactic Cap totaling 740 square degrees. The central stripe in the South Galactic Gap, Stripe 82, was scanned multiple times to enable a deep co-addition of the data and to enable discovery of variable objects. Legacy data supported studies ranging from asteroids and nearby stars to the large-scale structure of the universe. All of the imaging data have been processed to yield calibrated astrometric and photometric parameters and classifications. These parameters are available in one or more tables in a database accessible via the Catalog Archive Server (CAS) at http://cas.sdss.org/astro. [taken and edited from the Legacy page at http://www.sdss.org/legacy/index.html] All three surveys summarized are: 1) Legacy: an imaging survey in five bands over a contiguous 7646 deg2 high-latitude elliptical region in the Northern Galactic Cap, plus an additional 750 deg2 in the Southern Galactic Cap, together with spectroscopy of complete samples of galaxies and quasars covering about 8200 square degrees. The total imaging area in the Legacy survey is 8423 square degrees; 2) SEGUE: (Sloan Extension for Galactic Understanding and Exploration): additional imaging of 3240 deg2 of sky at lower Galactic latitudes, together with spectroscopy of 240,000 stars towards 200 sight lines covering 1400 square degrees (spread throughout the Legacy and SEGUE imaging footprints), to study the structure of the Milky Way; 3) Supernova: the equivalent of about 80 repeated imaging scans of the Southern Equatorial Stripe (ra > 310 or ra < 59; -1.25 > dec < 1.25) obtained in variable weather conditions (some clouds) to search for supernovae in the redshift range 0.1 < z < 0.4. The catalog derived from the images includes more than 350 million celestial objects, and spectra of 930,000 galaxies, 120,000 quasars, and 460,000 stars. The data are fully calibrated and reduced, carefully checked for quality, and publicly accessible through efficient databases. The data have been publicly released in a series of annual data releases, culminating in the final data release, DR7.

  1. Creating and Evaluating Metadata for a Large Legacy Thesis Collection: From 'Vocational Agriculture' (1922) to 'Microemulsion-mediated syntheses' (2004)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potvin, Sarah; Creel, James Silas

    2013-05-23

    stream_source_info Creating and Evaluating Metadata for a Large Legacy Thesis Collection_Potvin and Creel (2013) rev. 3.14.13.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 5933 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Creating... and Evaluating Metadata for a Large Legacy Thesis Collection_Potvin and Creel (2013) rev. 3.14.13.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 Repository Creating and Evaluating Metadata for a Large Legacy Thesis Collection: From...

  2. Some aspects of nuclear power plant safety under war conditions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stritar, A.; Mavko, B.; Susnik, J.; Sarler, B. (Jozef Stefan Inst., Ljubljana (Slovenia))

    1993-02-01

    In the summer of 1991, the Krsko nuclear power plant in Slovenia found itself in an area of military operations. This was probably the first commercial nuclear power plant to have been threatened by an attack by fighter jets. A number of never-before-asked questions had to be answered by the operating staff and supporting organizations. Some aspects of nuclear power plant safety under war conditions are described, such as the selection of the best plant operating state before the attack and the determination of plant system vulnerability and dose releases from the potentially damaged spent fuel in the spent-fuel pit. The best operating mode to which the plant should be brought before the attack is cold shutdown, and radiological consequences to the environment after the spent fuel is damaged and the water in the pit is lost are not very high. The problem of nuclear power plant safety under war conditions should be addressed in more detail in the future.

  3. The strategic offense initiative? The Soviets and Star Wars

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Westwick, Peter J.

    2014-05-09

    Historians of the Cold War have paid too little attention to Soviet fears of 'space-strike weapons' - that is, possible offensive uses of President Ronald Reagan's Strategic Defense Initiative. In fifteen years or so, soldiers will no longer shoot rifles but will use some kind of lightning, some sort of a machine emitting a holocaustal electrical beam. Tell me, what can we invent in this line so as to surprise our neighbors?... Alas, we are only capable of imitating and purchasing weapons from others, and we do well if we manage to repair them ourselves. --Fyodor Dostoevsky, A Writer's Diary, 1873. [Khlinov, a physicist]: 'I know that he has made an important discovery concerning the transmission of infra-red rays over a distance.... Heat waves at a temperature of a thousand degrees centigrade transmitted parallel to each other constitute a monstrous weapon of destruction and defense in time of war. The whole secret lies in the transmission of a ray that does not disperse. So far nobody has been able to do this. Judging by your story, Garin has constructed a machine that will do it. If so it is an extremely important discovery.' 'I've been thinking for a long time that this invention smells of higher politics,' said Shelga. --Aleksei Tolstoy, The Garin Death Ray, 1927 (translated by George Hanna)

  4. Ira Helfand, MD International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robock, Alan

    the urgent need to move with all possible speed to the negotiation of a nuclear weapons conventionIra Helfand, MD International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War Physicians for Social Responsibility NUCLEAR FAMINE: A BILLION PEOPLE AT RISK Global Impacts of Limited Nuclear War on Agriculture

  5. Enfield rifles: the composite conservation of our american civil war heritage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cox, Starr Nicole

    2009-05-15

    . The experiment was designed around five Civil War Enfield rifles from the wreck of the Civil War blockade runner Modern Greece. The main conservation difficulty for both metal and wood from a saltwater site is the presence of chlorides. If not removed...

  6. Presentations July, 2001. Oakes, Margaret. Loss and Recovery in War Refugees: A Qualitative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    Presentations July, 2001. Oakes, Margaret. Loss and Recovery in War Refugees: A Qualitative Study of Bosnian refugees in Las Vegas, Nevada. 3rd International Conference on Social Work in Health and Mental Health. Tampere, Finland. July, 200. Oakes, Margaret. Coping with War and Relocation: A Study of Refugees

  7. Relating Modernity, Conflict and Sexual Violence: Discourses of Violence Against Women in Post-War Sierra Leone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spencer-Walters, Dayo T.

    2010-01-01

    and Men in Partnership for Post-Conflict Reconstruction Heldof Violence Against Women in Post War Sierra Leone Dayo T.against the backdrop of post war Sierra Leone. Within the

  8. Linda Sargent Wood. A More Perfect Union: Holistic Worldviews and the Transformation of American Culture after World War II.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Promnitz, Sarah

    2012-01-01

    23 No. 1 Linda Sargent Wood. A More Perfect Union: HolisticCold War era, Linda Sargent Wood argues that the equallyWorld War II period. For Wood, this cultural perspective

  9. Hauptseminar im Sommersemester 2013 mit Aufenthalt in Helsinki zum Thema ,,Socialism Dtente Transition: Sources to Cold War Studies"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schubart, Christoph

    Transition: Sources to Cold War Studies" In Zusammenarbeit mit dem Aleksanteri Institute der Universitt Transition: Sources to Cold War Studies" unter der Leitung von Natali Stegmann in englischer Sprache statt

  10. Fighting for frames or prospects for peace? : building a prospect theory model of ethnic civil war termination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butts, Robert Davis

    2007-01-01

    Ethnic civil wars are the most abundant form of large-scale, deadly conflict in the world today, yet the dedicated study of ethnic civil war is relatively new within political science. One empirical observation repeated ...

  11. "No Sacrifice is too Great, save that of Honor": Honor, Death, and Psychological Combat Trauma in the American Civil War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheffer, Debra J.

    2009-04-08

    Examination of honor culture and attitudes toward death and dying found in letters, diaries, and newspapers - from the colonial and revolutionary period through the Civil War era - strongly suggests that Civil War soldiers ...

  12. 21/01/2015 07:14The Hives of Others: Bees Wage War across Species -Scientific American Page 1 of 4http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/the-hives-of-others-bees-wage-war-across-species/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Stuart

    21/01/2015 07:14The Hives of Others: Bees Wage War across Species - Scientific American Page 1 of 4http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/the-hives-of-others-bees-wage-war-across-species/ O I L S E L American Volume 312, Issue 2 Advances The Hives of Others: Bees Wage War across Species Australian

  13. Why the Gulf War still matters: Foreign perspectives on the war and the future of international security. Report No. 16

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrity, P.J.

    1993-07-01

    This report summarizes the main findings of a Center for National Security Studies (CNSS) project that examined how a number of nations other than the United States have reacted to the course and outcome of the Persian Gulf War of 1991. The project was built around studies of key countries on which the Gulf War might reasonably be expected to have had a significant impact: Argentina, the ASEAN states, Brazil, China, Cuba, Egypt, France, Germany, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Libya, North Korea, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Syria, Taiwan, the United Kingdom, Vietnam, and the states of the former Yugoslavia. These country studies were written by well-recognized independent experts following a common set of guidelines provided by CNSS. When the country studies were completed, they were reviewed and supplemented through a series of peer assessments and workshops. The report represents a synthesis of material generated through this process, and is intended to stimulate thought and further analysis on the critical topics discussed herein.

  14. ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    27 ICT AND ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY T he environment is a large complex sys- tem. Managing. Environmental Monitoring and Associated Resource Management and Risk Mitigation ICTimprovestheabilitytoobtain,storeandinte- grate large volumes of environmental data and to conductsimulationandanalysisinrealtime

  15. SUBJECT CODES Legacy Abbreviation Subject New Subject Code

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuart, Steven J.

    Studies AS AG ED Agricultural Education AGED AG M Agricultural Mechanization AGM AGRIC Agriculture AGR-OP Cooperative Education COOP CSENV Crop and Soil Environmental Science CSEN DANCE Dance DANC DSIGN Design Foundations EDF ED L Educational Leadership EDL E C E Electrical and Computer Engineering ECE ED EL Elementary

  16. Energy security in the post-Cold War era: Identifying future courses for crises

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Freund, M.T.; Wise, J.A.; Ulibarri, C.A.; Shaw, B.R.; Seely, H.E.; Roop, J.M.

    1994-11-01

    This paper addresses US energy security in the post-Cold War era for a conference on energy security jointly sponsored by the Department of Energy and the National Defense University. It examines the evolving nature of energy security based on analysis of past crisis-inducing events and-discusses potentially important geopolitical, environmental, regulatory, and economic developments during the next twenty-five years. The paper steps beyond the traditional economic focus of energy security issues to examine the interplay between fundamental economic and technical drivers on the one hand, and political, environmental, and perceptual phenomena, on the other hand, that can combine to create crises where none were expected. The paper expands on the premise that the recent demise of the Soviet Union and other changing world conditions have created a new set of energy dynamics, and that it is imperative that the United States revise its energy security perspective accordingly. It proceeds by reviewing key factors that comprise the concepts of ``energy security`` and ``energy crisis`` and how they may fit into the new world energy security equation. The study also presents a series of crisis scenarios that could develop during the next twenty-five years, paying particular attention to mechanisms and linked crisis causes and responses. It concludes with a discussion of factors that may serve to warn analysts and decision makers of impending future crises conditions. The crisis scenarios contained in this report should be viewed only as a representative sample of the types of situations that could occur. They serve to illustrate the variety of factors that can coalesce to produce a ``crisis.``

  17. Environmental Microbiology

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Group Leader Email Rebecca McDonald Bioscience Communications Email Examining the soil beneath our feet Environmental microbiology Read caption + Many environmental molecular...

  18. Environmental Outreach

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Outreach Environmental Outreach Our vision is to operate a proactive and interactive environmental communication and public involvement program that is inclusive and responsive to...

  19. Finger length ratio (2D:4D) and sex differences in aggression during a simulated war game

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cosmides, Leda

    Finger length ratio (2D:4D) and sex differences in aggression during a simulated war game Matthew H), and unprovoked attack during a simulated war game (n = 176). We also investigated whether 2D:4D mediated; Narcissism, social dominance orientation; Stress; Self-esteem; Aggression; War 0191-8869/$ - see front matter

  20. Do Shocks of Civil War Alter Social, Risk and Time Preferences? Results from Field Experiments in Burundi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krivobokova, Tatyana

    Do Shocks of Civil War Alter Social, Risk and Time Preferences? Results from Field Experiments us to investigate the relationship between civil war shocks on preferences, whilst controlling to their neighbours, are more risk seeking and have higher discount rates. Keywords: civil war, preferences, field

  1. Frau Eggestorff war todt. Sie hatte lange scheinbar ge-krnkelt, ohne rechten Glauben fr ihr Leiden finden zu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prodinger, Helmut

    Ida Boy-Ed Welcher? Frau Eggestorff war todt. Sie hatte lange scheinbar ge- kränkelt, ohne rechten meist nur mit halbem Ohre hin; es war ihm stets lästig gewesen, in der knappen Zeit, welche er seiner, unsere gute Alwine Eggestorff war ganz gesund, soweit eine Frau es sein kann, die inner- lich ­ wie soll

  2. THE OBSTACLE PROBLEM FOR THE p-LAPLACIAN VIA OPTIMAL STOPPING OF TUG-OF-WAR GAMES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewicka, Marta

    THE OBSTACLE PROBLEM FOR THE p-LAPLACIAN VIA OPTIMAL STOPPING OF TUG-OF-WAR GAMES MARTA LEWICKA-Laplace oper- ator. The solutions are approximated by running processes determined by tug-of-war games plus be used to write a formula similar to (1.3). Instead, we will show that one can use tug-of-war games

  3. Impacts of a nuclear war in South Asia on soybean and maize production in the Midwest United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robock, Alan

    Impacts of a nuclear war in South Asia on soybean and maize production in the Midwest United States and soybeans to cooler, drier, and darker conditions from war-related smoke. We combined observed climate had an important effect. 1 Introduction In the event of nuclear war, targets in cities and industrial

  4. A review of "The Eye of the Eagle: John Donne and the Legacy of Ignatius Loyola" by Francesca Bugliani Knox

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Mitchell M.

    2012-01-01

    -century news Francesca Bugliani Knox. ?e Eye of the Eagle: John Donne and the Legacy of Ignatius Loyola. Bern: Peter Lang, 2011. Religions and Discourse Series. 342 pp. $75.95. Review by ?????? ?. ??????, ????????? ?? ??? (????? ?? ?). When I spotted... the provocative title of Francesca Bugliani Knox?s ?e Eye of the Eagle: John Donne and the Legacy of Ignatius Loyola for the ?rst time, my curiosity was piqued. Here was an academic monograph that could seemingly go in many directions. For example, it could...

  5. Environmental Participation and Environmental Motivation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgler, Benno; Garca-Valias, Mara A.; Macintyre, Alison

    2009-01-01

    An economic model of moral motivation. Journal of PublicEnvironmental Morale and Motivation, CREMA Working Paper No.Coeff. Environmental Motivation (m) WILLINGNESS TO GIVE

  6. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ENVIRONMENTAL MATERIALS; CONTAMINATION...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    audit of SRP radioactive waste Ashley, C. 05 NUCLEAR FUELS; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ENVIRONMENTAL MATERIALS; CONTAMINATION; RADIOACTIVE EFFLUENTS; EMISSION; HIGH-LEVEL...

  7. ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING www.cee.pdx.edu What do environmental engineers do? Civil and Environmental Engineering (CEE) is an exciting, challenging, and dynamic field that is critical to our quality of life. Environmental engineers help manage and protect natural resources like water supplies as well

  8. Controlling Beryllium Contaminated Material And Equipment For The Building 9201-5 Legacy Material Disposition Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reynolds, T. D.; Easterling, S. D.

    2010-10-01

    This position paper addresses the management of beryllium contamination on legacy waste. The goal of the beryllium management program is to protect human health and the environment by preventing the release of beryllium through controlling surface contamination. Studies have shown by controlling beryllium surface contamination, potential airborne contamination is reduced or eliminated. Although there are areas in Building 9201-5 that are contaminated with radioactive materials and mercury, only beryllium contamination is addressed in this management plan. The overall goal of this initiative is the compliant packaging and disposal of beryllium waste from the 9201-5 Legacy Material Removal (LMR) Project to ensure that beryllium surface contamination and any potential airborne release of beryllium is controlled to levels as low as practicable in accordance with 10 CFR 850.25.

  9. Computing Legacy Software Behavior to Understand Functionality and Security Properties: An IBM/370 Demonstration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Linger, Richard C [ORNL; Pleszkoch, Mark G [ORNL; Prowell, Stacy J [ORNL; Sayre, Kirk D [ORNL; Ankrum, Scott [MITRE Corporation

    2013-01-01

    Organizations maintaining mainframe legacy software can benefit from code modernization and incorporation of security capabilities to address the current threat environment. Oak Ridge National Laboratory is developing the Hyperion system to compute the behavior of software as a means to gain understanding of software functionality and security properties. Computation of functionality is critical to revealing security attributes, which are in fact specialized functional behaviors of software. Oak Ridge is collaborating with MITRE Corporation to conduct a demonstration project to compute behavior of legacy IBM Assembly Language code for a federal agency. The ultimate goal is to understand functionality and security vulnerabilities as a basis for code modernization. This paper reports on the first phase, to define functional semantics for IBM Assembly instructions and conduct behavior computation experiments.

  10. Environmental Restoration Strategic Plan. Remediating the nuclear weapons complex

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-08-01

    With the end of the cold war, the US has a reduced need for nuclear weapons production. In response, the Department of Energy has redirected resources from weapons production to weapons dismantlement and environmental remediation. To this end, in November 1989, the US Department of Energy (DOE) established the Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (renamed the Office of Environmental Management in 1994). It was created to bring under a central authority the management of radioactive and hazardous wastes at DOE sites and inactive or shut down facilities. The Environmental Restoration Program, a major component of DOE`s Environmental Management Program, is responsible for the remediation and management of contaminated environmental media (e.g., soil, groundwater, sediments) and the decommissioning of facilities and structures at 130 sites in over 30 states and territories.

  11. Decontamination Techniques and Fixative Coatings Evaluated in the Building 235-F Legacy Source Term Removal Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    WAYNE, FARRELL

    2005-04-21

    Savannah River Site Building 235-F was being considered for future plutonium storage and stabilization missions but the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (DNFSB) noted that large quantities of Plutonium-238 left in cells and gloveboxes from previous operations posed a potential hazard to both the existing and future workforce. This material resulted from the manufacture of Pu-238 heat sources used by the NASA space program to generate electricity for deep space exploration satellites. A multi-disciplinary team was assembled to propose a cost- effective solution to mitigate this legacy source term which would facilitate future DOE plutonium storage activities in 235-F. One aspect of this study involved an evaluation of commercially available radiological decontamination techniques to remove the legacy Pu-238 and fixative coatings that could stabilize any residual Pu-238 following decontamination activities. Four chemical methods were identified as most likely to meet decontamination objectives for this project and are discussed in detail. Short and long term fixatives will be reviewed with particular attention to the potential radiation damage caused by Pu-238, which has a high specific activity and would be expected to cause significant radiation damage to any coating applied. Encapsulants that were considered to mitigate the legacy Pu-238 will also be reviewed.

  12. Remembering World War I: A Hundredth Anniversary Commemoration The Department of History at Old Dominion University is pleased to host a series of events

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Remembering World War I: A Hundredth Anniversary Commemoration The Department of History at Old World War I: A Hundredth Anniversary Commemoration," designed to commemorate and address World War I: The Great War 100 Years On." "One hundred years after the outbreak of hostilities in 1914," Professor Winter

  13. THE LEBANESE CIVIL WAR (1975-1990): CAUSES AND COSTS OF CONFLICT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohti, Zakaria Mounir

    2010-06-02

    This paper analyzes the factors that caused and sustained the 1975-1990 Lebanese civil war and aims to identify the main causes of the conflict. The author relies heavily on the Collier-Hoeffler Model but does not limit ...

  14. The Logic of Violence in Criminal War: Cartel-State Conflict in Mexico, Colombia, and Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lessing, Benjamin

    2012-01-01

    Economy of Narco-corruption in Mexico. Current History 97,weakness. CHAPTER 6. MEXICO Today, corruption continues todue to violent corruption and turf war in Mexico has had a

  15. EMs December Newsletter Recaps Cold War Cleanup Accomplishments in 2013

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On Dec. 19, EM completed demolition of the 4.8 million-square-foot Building K-25 at Oak Ridge, a milestone that capped a busy and successful 2013 for the Cold War cleanup program.

  16. Wars of position : language policy, counter-hegemonies and cultural cleavages in Italy and Norway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Puzey, Guy Edward Michael

    2011-11-22

    This thesis investigates the development of the present-day linguistic hegemonies within Italy and Norway as products of ongoing linguistic wars of position. Language activist movements have been key actors in these ...

  17. Sounding Off: Folksong, Poetry, and Other Cognitive Dissonance from the American War in Vietnam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Irwin, Matthew Kirk

    2014-10-30

    Among works treating Vietnam War history, few mention and none address extensively the folk culture that American and Vietnamese military forces produced. To bridge gaps between traditional and cultural primary sources, ...

  18. Childhood and the Second World War in the European fiction film

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iannone, Pasquale

    2011-07-01

    The classically idyllic, carefree world of childhood would appear to be diametrically opposed to the horrors of war and world-wide conflict. However, throughout film history, filmmakers have continually turned to the ...

  19. Curriculum Evolution at Air Command and Staff College in the Post-Cold War Era

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donovan, William Robert

    2011-02-22

    This qualitative study used a historical research method to eliminate the gap in the historical knowledge of Air Command and Staff College (ACSC) curriculum evolution in the post-Cold War era. This study is the only known ...

  20. The perceived power: government and taxation during the American Civil War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flaherty, Jane

    2006-04-12

    This dissertation examines how the internal revenue legislation enacted during the American Civil War fostered a new role for government in society. The delegates to the 1787 Constitutional Convention constructed a system ...

  1. Insiders and outsiders : nuclear arms control experts in Cold War America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Benjamin Tyler

    2014-01-01

    This dissertation presents a history of the community of nuclear arms control experts in the United States during the middle and later years of the Cold War, the age of thermonuclear ballistic missiles. Arms control experts ...

  2. The War in the Desert: The Vietnam Antiwar Movement in the American Southwest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ward, Brandon M.

    2010-10-12

    The Vietnam antiwar movement developed in the American Southwest out of a coalition of Chicanos, GI's, and students who agreed that the Vietnam War was racist, imperialist, costly, and negatively affected them and their communities. The antiwar...

  3. Catalysts of conflict : how refugee crises lead to the spread of civil war

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lischer, Sarah Kenyon

    2002-01-01

    The spread of civil war due to refugee crises has occurred repeatedly throughout history. In some refugee crises, the sending state pursues the refugees, subjecting them to military attack. In other cases, militant exiles ...

  4. In the Wake of War: Violence, Identity, and Cultural Change in Puritan Massachusetts, 1676-1713

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heaton, Charles

    2012-10-19

    This thesis seeks to grasp how King Philip's War influenced cultural evolution in Massachusetts in order to determine whether it produced a culture of violence and conflict amongst the Anglo-Puritan inhabitants of the Massachusetts Bay colony...

  5. Caught in the Crossfire: Strategies of Multinationals in Host Countries at War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dai, Li

    2012-02-14

    This dissertation examines the strategic choices of multinational enterprises (MNEs) in host countries that become engaged in war. By combining the resource-based view and resource management theory, and drawing additional ...

  6. Humanity Must Be Defended: War, Politics and Humanitarian Relief in Iraq, 1990-2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McIntyre, Adrian

    2010-01-01

    that something explosive is brewingboth in my guts and outovershadow the food crisis brewing in AfricaespeciallyAn ugly civil war was brewing in Liberia, the peace process

  7. Bankruptcy, guns or campaigns : explaining armed organizations' post-war trajectories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daly, Sarah Zukerman

    2011-01-01

    This project seeks to explain what happens to armed organizations after they sign peace accords. Why do they dissolve, return to war, or form non-violent socio-political entities (political parties or civic associations)? ...

  8. Risk management considerations for cost-effective environmental decisionmaking

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gonzalez, M.A.

    1995-09-14

    Scientific publications and media reports continually remind us about the environmental hazards that surround us. We are appraised of the environmental legacies left by chemical industries, the defense complex, and even our local dry cleaning establishments. Governmental regulations have dictated that industry provide detailed listings of their input materials, wastes, and emissions to the public and perform risk assessments to demonstrate compliance with standards. These regulations were designed to make industry more accountable and to give the public information that would allow them to understand risks and either work for change or accept their living conditions. This process would appear to be rational, fair, and acceptable to both industry and the public. However, our inability to reach agreement on questions such as ``How Clean is Clean?`` or ``Is It Safe?`` after more than ten years of scientific and public discussions, coupled with the frequency of environmental demonstrations throughout the world, serves as evidence that ``acceptable risk`` has not yet been defined.

  9. Environmental Stewardship

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tours Value of the River Hydropower Transmission Environmental Stewardship Fish Renewables Irrigation, Navigation Flood Control and Recreation Energy Efficiency...

  10. Simplification of the tug-of-war model for cellular transport in cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yunxin Zhang

    2010-07-07

    The transport of organelles and vesicles in living cells can be well described by a kinetic tug-of-war model advanced by M\\"uller, Klumpp and Lipowsky. In which, the cargo is attached by two motor species, kinesin and dynein, and the direction of motion is determined by the number of motors which bind to the track. In recent work [Phys. Rev. E 79, 061918 (2009)], this model was studied by mean field theory, and it was found that, usually the tug-of-war model has one, two, or three distinct stable stationary points. However, the results there are mostly obtained by numerical calculations, since it is hard to do detailed theoretical studies to a two-dimensional nonlinear system. In this paper, we will carry out further detailed analysis about this model, and try to find more properties theoretically. Firstly, the tug-of-war model is simplified to a one-dimensional equation. Then we claim that the stationary points of the tug-of-war model correspond to the roots of the simplified equation, and the stable stationary points correspond to the roots with positive derivative. Bifurcation occurs at the corresponding parameters, under which the simplified one-dimensional equation exists root with zero derivative. Using the simplified equation, not only more properties of the tug-of-war model can be obtained analytically, the related numerical calculations will become more accurate and more efficient. This simplification will be helpful to future studies of the tug-of-war model.

  11. Environmental Surveillance at Los Alamos during 2007

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2008-09-30

    Environmental Surveillance at Los Alamos reports are prepared annually by the Los Alamos National Laboratory (the Laboratory) Environmental Directorate, as required by US Department of Energy Order 450.1, General Environmental Protection Program, and US Department of Energy Order 231.1A, Environment, Safety, and Health Reporting. These annual reports summarize environmental data that are used to determine compliance with applicable federal, state, and local environmental laws and regulations, executive orders, and departmental policies. Additional data, beyond the minimum required, are also gathered and reported as part of the Laboratorys efforts to ensure public safety and to monitor environmental quality at and near the Laboratory. Chapter 1 provides an overview of the Laboratorys major environmental programs and explains the risks and the actions taken to reduce risks at the Laboratory from environmental legacies and waste management operations. Chapter 2 reports the Laboratorys compliance status for 2007. Chapter 3 provides a summary of the maximum radiological dose the public and biota populations could have potentially received from Laboratory operations and discusses chemical exposures. The environmental surveillance and monitoring data are organized by environmental media (Chapter 4, air; Chapters 5 and 6, water and sediments; Chapter 7, soils; and Chapter 8, foodstuffs and biota) in a format to meet the needs of a general and scientific audience. Chapter 9 provides a summary of the status of environmental restoration work around LANL. A glossary and a list of acronyms and abbreviations are in the back of the report. Appendix A explains the standards for environmental contaminants, Appendix B explains the units of measurements used in this report, Appendix C describes the laboratorys technical areas and their associated programs, and Appendix D provides web links to more information. In printed copies of this report or Executive Summary, we have also enclosed a compact disc with a copy of the full report in Adobe Acrobat (PDF) form and detailed supplemental tables of data from 2007 in Microsoft Excel format. These files are also available for download from the web (http://www.lanl.gov/community-environment/environmental- stewardship/environmental-report.php).

  12. American Material Culture: Investigating a World War II Trash Dump

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Julie Braun

    2005-10-01

    The Idaho National Laboratory: An Historical Trash Trove Historians and archaeologists love trash, the older the better. Sometimes these researchers find their passion in unexpected places. In this presentation, the treasures found in a large historic dump that lies relatively untouched in the middle of the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) will be described. The U.S. military used the central portion of the INL as one of only six naval proving grounds during World War II. They dumped trash in dry irrigation canals during and after their wartime activities and shortly before the federal government designated this arid and desolate place as the nations nuclear reactor testing station in 1949. When read critically and combined with memories and photographs, the 60-year old trash provides a glimpse into 1940s culture and the everyday lives of ordinary people who lived and worked during this time on Idahos desert. Thanks to priceless stories, hours of research, and the ability to read the language of historic artifacts, the dump was turned from just another trash heap into a treasure trove of 1940s memorabilia. Such studies of American material culture serve to fire our imaginations, enrich our understanding of past practices, and humanize history. Historical archaeology provides opportunities to integrate inanimate objects with animated narrative and, the more recent the artifacts, the more human the stories they can tell.

  13. Tug-of-war in motility assay experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel Hexner; Yariv Kafri

    2009-03-02

    The dynamics of two groups of molecular motors pulling in opposite directions on a rigid filament is studied theoretically. To this end we first consider the behavior of one set of motors pulling in a single direction against an external force using a new mean-field approach. Based on these results we analyze a similar setup with two sets of motors pulling in opposite directions in a tug-of-war in the presence of an external force. In both cases we find that the interplay of fluid friction and protein friction leads to a complex phase diagram where the force-velocity relations can exhibit regions of bistability and spontaneous symmetry breaking. Finally, motivated by recent work, we turn to the case of motility assay experiments where motors bound to a surface push on a bundle of filaments. We find that, depending on the absence or the presence of a bistability in the force-velocity curve at zero force, the bundle exhibits anomalous or biased diffusion on long-time and large-length scales.

  14. Operations other than war: Requirements for analysis tools research report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartley, D.S. III

    1996-12-01

    This report documents the research effort to determine the requirements for new or improved analysis tools to support decisions at the strategic and operational levels for military Operations Other than War (OOTW). The work was performed for the Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Command (USCINCPAC). The data collection was based on workshops attended by experts in OOTWs: analysis personnel from each of the Combatant Commands, the Services, the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD), the Joint Staff, and other knowledgeable personnel. Further data were gathered from other workshops and conferences and from the literature. The results of this research begin with the creation of a taxonomy of OOTWs: categories of operations, attributes of operations, and tasks requiring analytical support. The tasks are connected to the Joint Staff`s Universal Joint Task List (UJTL). Historical OOTWs are analyzed to produce frequency distributions by category and responsible CINC. The analysis products are synthesized into a list of requirements for analytical tools and definitions of the requirements. The report concludes with a timeline or roadmap for satisfying the requirements.

  15. Synchrotron Environmental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, Donald L.

    Synchrotron Environmental Science-II Speaker Abstracts The Role of Synchrotron Radiation in Advancing Frontiers in Environmental Soil Science Donald L. Sparks, University ofDelaware Over the past. These frontiers in molecular environmental science have major impacts on soil remediation, development

  16. The Environmental Style: Writing Environmental Assessments and...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    The Environmental Style: Writing Environmental Assessments and Impact Statements The Environmental Style: Writing Environmental Assessments and Impact Statements A writing guide...

  17. Environmental Impact Statements and Environmental Assessments...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Environmental Impact Statements and Environmental Assessments Status Chart Environmental Impact Statements and Environmental Assessments Status Chart The Status Chart provides the...

  18. Enforcement Guidance Supplement 00-01: Enforcement Position Relative to the Discovery/Control of Legacy Contamination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Section 1.3 of the Operational Procedures for Enforcement, published in June 1998, provides the opportunity for the Office of Enforcement and Investigation (EH-Enforcement) to periodically issue clarifying guidance regarding the processes used in its enforcement activities. On November 24, 1999, I issued a memorandum providing interim clarification on the EH-Enforcement position on legacy radioactive contamination. That memorandum was issued in response to questions I had received regarding 10 CFR 835 (Occupational Radiation Protection) applicability and potential enforcement related to the discovery of legacy contamination in unposted and/or uncontrolled areas. This Enforcement Guidance Supplement (EGS) provides more detail related to specific 10 CFR 835 requirements and applicability of those requirements. This EGS also discusses EH-Enforcement's planned level of enforcement discretion associated with legacy contamination incidents, as well as the limitations to the application of that discretion.

  19. Enforcement Guidance Supplement 00-01: Enforcement Position Relative to the Discovery/Control of Legacy Contamination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Section 1.3 of the Operational Procedures for Enforcement, published in June 1998, provides the opportunity for the Office of Enforcement and Investigation (EH-Enforcement) to periodically issue clarifying guidance regarding the processes used in its enforcement activities. On November 24, 1999, I issued a memorandum providing interim clarification on the EH-Enforcement position on legacy radioactive contamination. That memorandum was issued in response to questions I had received regarding 10 CFR 835 (Occupational Radiation Protection) applicability and potential enforcement related to the discovery of legacy contamination in unposted and/or uncontrolled areas. This Enforcement Guidance Supplement (EGS) provides more detail related to specific 10 CFR 835 requirements and applicability of those requirements. This EGS also discusses EH-Enforcements planned level of enforcement discretion associated with legacy contamination incidents, as well as the limitations to the application of that discretion.

  20. The Nevada Test Site Legacy TRU Waste - The WIPP Central Characterization Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Norton, J. F.; Lahoud, R. G.; Foster, B. D.; VanMeighem, J.

    2003-02-25

    This paper discusses the Central Characterization Project (CCP) designed by the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) to aid sites, especially those sites with small quantities of transuranic (TRU) waste streams, in disposing of legacy waste at their facility. Because of the high cost of contracting vendors with the characterization capabilities necessary to meet the WIPP Waste Acceptance Criteria, utilizing the CCP is meant to simplify the process for small quantity sites. The paper will describe the process of mobilization of the vendors through CCP, the current production milestones that have been met, and the on-site lessons learned.

  1. A review of "The Literary Career and Legacy of Elizabeth Cary, 1613-1680" by Heather Wolfe, ed.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perry, Nandra

    2007-01-01

    , ed. The Literary Career and Legacy of Elizabeth Cary, 1613-1680. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007. xi + 258 pp. $69.95. Review by NANDRA PERRY, TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY. As the first essay collection devoted to the writings of Elizabeth Cary..., The Literary Career and Legacy of Elizabeth Cary, 1613-1680 sets out to do more than simply celebrate Cary?s centrality to the study of early modern women?s writing. This twelve-essay volume also seeks to establish Cary?s relevance to our understanding...

  2. African Americans and the Spanish-American War and Philippine Insurrection: Military Participation, Recognition, and Memory, 1898-1904

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Timothy Dale

    2013-01-01

    American Rebel in the Philippine, 1899-1901. The PacificSpanish-American War and Philippine Insurrection: Militaryofficers serving in the Philippines), acknowledged that the

  3. Environmental Microbiology

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Microbiology Examining the soil beneath our feet Read caption + Many environmental molecular biology studies begin with purified DNA and RNA extracted from the soil. Overview of...

  4. THE CANADA-FRANCE-HAWAII TELESCOPE LEGACY SURVEY: STACKED IMAGES AND CATALOGS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gwyn, Stephen D. J., E-mail: Stephen.Gwyn@nrc-cnrc.gc.ca [Canadian Astronomy Data Centre, Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, 5071 West Saanich Road, Victoria, British Columbia, V9E 2E7 (Canada)

    2012-02-15

    This paper describes the image stacks and catalogs of the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope Legacy Survey produced using the MegaPipe data pipeline at the Canadian Astronomy Data Centre. The Legacy Survey is divided into two parts. The Deep Survey consists of four fields each of 1 deg{sup 2}, with magnitude limits (50% completeness for point sources) of u = 27.5, g = 27.9, r = 27.7, i = 27.4, and z = 26.2. It contains 1.6 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 6} sources. The Wide Survey consists of 150 deg{sup 2} split over four fields, with magnitude limits of u = 26.0, g = 26.5, r = 25.9, i = 25.7, and z = 24.6. It contains 3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 7} sources. This paper describes the calibration, image stacking, and catalog generation process. The images and catalogs are available on the web through several interfaces: normal image and text file catalog downloads, a 'Google Sky' interface, an image cutout service, and a catalog database query service.

  5. DOE Awards Contract for Decontamination & Decommissioning Project for the East Tennessee Technology Park

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Oak Ridge, Tenn. As part of its ongoing commitment to cleaning up the legacy of the Cold War at sites across the weapons complex, the U.S. Department of Energy has awarded a contract for the remaining environmental cleanup at the East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP) to URS | CH2M Oak Ridge, LLC.

  6. Trade war in the Pacific: ASEAN and the Trans-Pacific Partnership https://theconversation.edu.au/trade-war-in-the-pacific-asean-and-the-trans-pacific-partnership-10937[3/12/2012 11:38:09 AM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botea, Adi

    centred on South-East Asia and a United States-led Pacific Rim. Moreover, it is not clear whetherTrade war in the Pacific: ASEAN and the Trans-Pacific Partnership https://theconversation.edu.au/trade-war-in-the-pacific-asean-and-the-trans-pacific-partnership-10937[3/12/2012 11:38:09 AM] TC Home

  7. The Potential for Web Services to Enhance Information Access to Legacy Data: An Exploratory Study and Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moen, William E.

    of the Library of Texas (ZLOT) project, the ZLOT technical team has implemented a multi-purpose Texas Library Directory Database (TLDD) that is used as a back- end database to support the Library of Texas (LOT or more business processes. The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines legacy as "something transmitted

  8. A Celebration and Exploration of Joseph H. Connell's Conceptual and Empirical Influence, Inspiration, and Legacy in Ecological Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Kyle E.

    ,* University of California, Davis Connell's legacy on species-interactions studies. William W. Murdoch-series data. Bill Platt,* Louisiana State University; Kyle E. Harms, Louisiana State University AConnell) communities. As Bill Murdoch put it during his Symposium talk: "Joe had the data!" Connell's observations

  9. Environmental Information Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shrode, Flora

    2007-01-01

    American Association for Environmental Education, 2007. Readeffort between the Environmental Education and Training1, 2007. Applied Environmental Education Program Evaluation,

  10. Ames Laboratory annual site environmental report, calendar year 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-04-01

    This report summarizes the environmental status of Ames Laboratory for calendar year 1996. It includes descriptions of the Laboratory site, its mission, the status of its compliance with applicable environmental regulations, its planning and activities to maintain compliance, and a comprehensive review of its environmental protection, surveillance and monitoring programs. Ames Laboratory is located on the campus of Iowa State University (ISU) and occupies twelve buildings owned by the Department of Energy (DOE). The Laboratory also leases space in ISU owned buildings. Laboratory activities involve less than ten percent of the total chemical use and approximately one percent of the radioisotope use on the ISU campus. In 1996, the Office of Assurance and Assessment merged with the Environment, Safety and Health Group forming the Environment, Safety, Health and Assurance (ESH and A) office. In 1996, the Laboratory accumulated and disposed of wastes under US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued generator numbers. Ames Laboratory submitted a Proposed Site Treatment Plan to EPA in December 1995. This plan complied with the Federal Facilities Compliance Act (FFCA). It was approved by EPA in January 1996. The consent agreement/consent order was issued in February 1996. Pollution awareness, waste minimization and recycling programs, implemented in 1990 and updated in 1994, continued through 1996. Included in these efforts were a waste white paper and green computer paper recycling program. Ames Laboratory also continued to recycle salvageable metal and used oil, and it recovered freon for recycling. All of the chemical and nearly all of the radiological legacy wastes were properly disposed by the end of 1996. Additional radiological legacy waste will be properly disposed during 1997.

  11. The Eagle: an American brig on Lake Champlain during the War of 1812

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crisman, Kevin James

    1984-01-01

    Committee: Mr. J. Richard Steffy The United States Navy brig ~acale was built at Vergennes, Vermont, and constituted the final addition to Commodore Thomas Macdonough's War of 1812 naval squadron on Lake Champlain. The 117-foot-long hull was constructed... of Plattsburgh Bay. The ~Ea le was maintained for several years after the war, until her timbers became decayed and she was abandoned by the Navy in 1825. The submerged and partially-dismembered wreck of the ~Ea le was discovered in 1981 near Whitehall, New...

  12. Kiss Me Quick: on the Naming of Commodities in Britain, 1650 to the First World War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Laura

    2015-08-14

    -Goods); OED Salempore, n. of unascertained origin, A blue cotton cloth formerly made at Nellore in India, and largely exported to the West Indies, where it was the usual slave cloth; OED beteela, n. kind of muslin, etymology obscure; OED chintz, n... Empire, Abdulmecid, who was fighting alongside Britain in the Crimean War against Russia on May 31, 1854, when the perfume was first advertised. Five days earlier the Times had reported By order of the Minister of War, the English airs, God save...

  13. A review of "England's Wars of Religion, Revisited" edited by Charles W. A. Prior and Glenn Burgess

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langley, Chris R.

    2012-01-01

    to contemporaries looking at the con? ict through the just war tradition. Here we again see the blurring of secular and spiritual concerns. Glenn Burgess illustrates in his essay that religious wars were perceived as unjust and motivated by excessive zeal. He...

  14. The Symbolic Management of Performance: Public Opinion and Attention to Performance in a Public Arena During the Iraq War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Lawrence C.

    1 The Symbolic Management of Performance: Public Opinion and Attention to Performance in a Public Arena During the Iraq War Pino G. Audia Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth College pino volume of media coverage of the Iraq War. #12;2 The Symbolic Management of Performance: Public Opinion

  15. ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY AND REGIONAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT Prepared for Environmental Conservation policy of Environment Canada. #12;COASTWRITERS RESEARCH & COMMUNICATION iii ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY ..................................................................................................44 Environmental commitments

  16. Environmental Management System Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, Robert

    2009-01-01

    Management Program, R-3 Environmental Management SystemEnvironmental policy 3. Environmental aspects 4. Legal andObjectives, targets, and Environmental Management Programs

  17. British Government and the European Voluntary Worker Programmes : the post-war refugee crisis, contract labour and political asylum, 1945-1965

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maslen, Hywel Gordon

    2011-11-22

    Persons and European Voluntary Worker programmes after the Second World War. It is argued that the mundane aspects of government bureaucracy, normally unremarkable and unimportant, are indeed crucial to an understanding of how post-war labour and refugee...

  18. (Environmental toxicology)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Travis, C.C.

    1988-11-28

    The traveler attended an International Seminar on Environmental Toxicology sponsored by Her Royal Highness Princess Chulabhorn of Thailand. The objective of the seminar was to provide technical knowledge in the area of environmental toxicology to participants from developing countries in Asia. Priorities identified at the workshop which would aid in the application of environmental toxicology principles in developing countries were: a data base on toxicological properties of chemicals, increased research support in all aspects of science and technology in developing countries, increased public awareness and participation in the risk management process, and an increased number of training courses held in third world countries to facilitate exchange of experience and techniques.

  19. Environmental decontamination

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cristy, G.A.; Jernigan, H.C.

    1981-02-01

    The record of the proceedings of the workshop on environmental decontamination contains twenty-seven presentations. Emphasis is placed upon soil and surface decontamination, the decommissioning of nuclear facilities, and assessments of instrumentation and equipment used in decontamination. (DLS)

  20. Environmental Assessment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for the SAR. 2.2 Description of Alternatives. Alternative B - No Action The BLM NEPA Handbook (H-1790-1) states that for Environmental Assessments (EAs) on externally initiated...

  1. Geology, Environmental Science, Geography, Environmental Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, James R.

    2011 Geology, Environmental Science, Geography, Environmental Management Postgraduate Handbook #12 Environmental Management 14 Environmental Science 18 Geography 22 Geographic Information Science 26 Geology, Applied Geology and Geoscience 30 Course descriptions 36 Masters and PhD programmes 52 The Masters

  2. top of the logistical problems implied by waging war in such a landlocked, mountainous country, this decision was due to the continuously poor performance of the Royal Lao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solovey, Mark

    top of the logistical problems implied by waging war in such a landlocked, mountainous country Cravens (eds.), Cold War Social Science: Knowledge Production, Liberal Democracy, and Human Nature (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012), xv 270 pp. About 20 years ago an orthodoxy about `Cold War social

  3. Sensor Wars: Detecting and Defending Against Spam Attacks in Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levi, Albert

    network are discussed in [7]. Security, network bandwidth and power consumption in sensor networksSensor Wars: Detecting and Defending Against Spam Attacks in Wireless Sensor Networks Serdar Sancak@sabanciuniv.edu Abstract--Anti-nodes deployed inside a wireless sensor network can frequently generate dummy data packets

  4. The G8 must fund the war against poverty: JEFFREY SACHS. By JEFFREY SACHS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COMMENT The G8 must fund the war against poverty: JEFFREY SACHS. By JEFFREY SACHS 768 words 7 June outlays in Iraq and Afghanistan. The G8 should start by remembering its promises. The millennium, the G8 and other signatories urged "developed countries that have not done so to make concrete efforts

  5. "We Have No Place": The Captivity and Homecoming of French Prisoners of War, 1939-1947

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quinn, James T.

    2011-05-31

    In 1940 1.8 million French soldiers were taken as prisoners of war by Germany. During the coming months most of these men were deported into Germany for use as slave laborers. Nearly a million were still held in Germany in 1945 when they were...

  6. Burden of the Cold War: The George H.W. Bush Administration and El Salvador

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arandia, Sebastian Rene

    2012-02-14

    the bipartisan consensus on US policy toward El Salvador: the failure of the FMLNs largest military offensive of the war and the murder of six Jesuit priests, their housekeeper, and her daughter by the Salvadoran military, the FAES. Despite more than one billion...

  7. 1 Environmental Resource Policy ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vertes, Akos

    1 Environmental Resource Policy ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCE POLICY GRADUATE Master's program Master of Arts in the field of environmental resource policy (http://bulletin.gwu.edu/arts-sciences/environmental CERTIFICATE Graduate certificate in contexts of environmental policy (http://bulletin.gwu.edu/arts-sciences/environmental

  8. Environmental Engineering 1 Environmental Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haller, Gary L.

    water, groundwater protection and remediation, wastewater treatment, indoor and outdoor air pollution assessment and development of engineering solutions to environmental problems affecting land, water, and air, solid and hazardous waste disposal, cleanup of contaminated sites, the prevention of pollution through

  9. The Formation and Evolution of Planetary Systems SIRTF Legacy Science in the VLT Era

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyer, M R; Beckwith, S V W; Brooke, T Y; Carpenter, J M; Cohen, M; Gorti, U; Henning, T; Hillenbrand, L A; Hines, D; Hollenbach, D; Lunine, J; Malhotra, R; Mamajek, E; Morris, P; Najita, J R; Padgett, D L; Soderblom, D R; Stauffer, J; Strom, S E; Watson, D; Weidenschilling, S J; Young, E

    2001-01-01

    We will utilize the sensitivity of SIRTF through the Legacy Science Program to carry out spectrophotometric observations of solar-type stars aimed at (1) defining the timescales over which terrestrial and gas giant planets are built, from measurements diagnostic of dust/gas masses and radial distributions; and (2) establishing the diversity of planetary architectures and the frequency of planetesimal collisions as a function of time through observations of circumstellar debris disks. Together, these observations will provide an astronomical context for understanding whether our solar system - and its habitable planet - is a common or a rare circumstance. Achieving our science goals requires measuring precise spectral energy distributions for a statistically robust sample capable of revealing evolutionary trends and the diversity of system outcomes. Our targets have been selected from two carefully assembled databases of solar-like stars: (1) a sample located within 50 pc of the Sun spanning an age range from ...

  10. HELP : The Herschel Extragalactic Legacy Project & The Coming of Age of Multi-Wavelength Astrophysics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaccari, Mattia

    2015-01-01

    How did galaxies form and evolve? This is one of the most challenging questions in astronomy today. Answering it requires a careful combination of observational and theoretical work to reliably determine the observed properties of cosmic bodies over large portions of the distant Universe on the one hand, and accurately model the physical processes driving their evolution on the other. Most importantly, it requires bringing together disparate multi-wavelength and multi-resolution spectro-photometric datasets in an homogeneous and well-characterized manner so that they are suitable for a rigorous statistical analysis. The Herschel Extragalactic Legacy Project (HELP) funded by the EC FP7 SPACE program aims to achieve this goal by combining the expertise of optical, infrared and radio astronomers to provide a multi-wavelength database for the distant Universe as an accessible value-added resource for the astronomical community. It will do so by bringing together multi-wavelength datasets covering the 1000 deg$^2$...

  11. Environmental Information Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shrode, Flora

    2006-01-01

    Interaction in Global Environmental Governance: Synergy andEnvironmental Policy: Regimes and Nonregimes in Global Governance.

  12. La Hague Legacy Waste Recovery Program: Scope, Progress and Issues -12080

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chabeuf, Jean-Michel [AREVA Site Value Development Business Unit, La Hague Site (France)

    2012-07-01

    A significant inventory of process waste of varying natures and quantities has been generated during the thirty years of operation of UP2 400 facility on the site of La Hague, France. The retrieval, packaging and final storage of such an inventory has never been achieved before in France and thus requires the design and qualification of new processes, equipment, and waste packages. Following AREVA strategic decisions and French safety authority requirements, the legacy waste program has begun around the year 2000 and is scheduled to be completed around the year 2025. It is under the responsibility of AREVA Site Value Development Project teams. For each category of waste to be recovered, AREVA teams conducted detailed investigations, defined recovery modes, treatment processes, as well as final waste package forms, which they subsequently submitted to French safety and waste management authorities. A Task force initiative was subsequently launched to optimize the program cost and scenario, and lead to an optimization of about 15% of the entire program. The qualification of processes and waste packages required a significant amount of research and development which is now well under way for processes, and scheduled to be completed in 2015. Preparation work has begun on several installations to clear space for the construction of future retrieval facilities, scheduled to begin in the coming three years. La Hague Legacy waste retrieval program represents a significant challenge in the sense that it covers a significant variety and quantity of waste needing recovery and reconditioning, with tight financial objectives and a binding recovery schedule. During the past five years, AREVA SVD successfully conducted design, research, development, and qualification activities which lead to the definition of qualified processes and waste packages for each retrieval program. Preparation work and supplier consultations are now on-going, in order to meet our objectives of beginning retrieval operations in compliance with our commitments to the safety authorities, in 2015 and 2016. (author)

  13. ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS METHODS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horvth, kos

    ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS METHODS LABORATORY PRACTICES #12;Foundations of Environmental Science Lecture Enviromental Physics Methods Laboratory Practices #12;Etvs Lornd University Faculty of Science ENVIRONMENTAL tanknyvsorozat" (KMR Foundations of Environmental Science Lecture Series). KEYWORDS: Environmental physics

  14. HKUST Environmental ReportHKUST Environmental Report HKUST Environmental Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HKUST Environmental ReportHKUST Environmental Report 1999-2000 #12;4 2 5 7 12 16 19 22 24 27 31 32 3 HKUST Environmental Policy Introduction Environmental Health and Safety Committee 1991-2000 HKUST Environmental Protection Summary Energy Conservation and Building Services Resource Conservation and Waste

  15. 13-03-09 9:42 PMReview: Shannon on *Cold War Social Science* | s-usih.org Page 1 of 9http://s-usih.org/2012/07/review-shannon-on-cold-war-social.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solovey, Mark

    13-03-09 9:42 PMReview: Shannon on *Cold War Social Science* | s-usih.org Page 1 of 9http://s-usih.org/2012/07/review-shannon-on-cold-war-social.html A b o u t U sA b o u t U s G o v e r n a n c eG o v e r n a n c e J o i nJ o i n R e s o u r c e sR e s o u r c e s Search 2 Review: Shannon on *Cold War

  16. Environmental litigation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodenhausen, G.A. (Edwards and Angell, New York, NY (United States))

    1990-07-01

    Environmental risks associated with collateral are an increasingly important aspect of lending transactions. The concerns include liability for cleanup costs and natural resource damages, loss of value of the collateral due to environmental contamination and impairment of the borrower's ability to repay the loan as a result of environmental liabilities. Under CERCLA, lenders incur potential liability in three ways: by becoming the owner or operator of a facility, by holding indicia of ownership as a secured creditor while participating in management, or by becoming a generator of waste; that is, a person who arranges for transport and disposal of hazardous substances to a facility from which there is a release or threatened release. Although most lenders are vigorously pursuing audits, the liabilities that will be arising at today's contaminated sites derive from loans and perhaps foreclosures that may have created owner, operator or generator status many years ago.

  17. Aligning National Environmental Policy Act Process with Environmental...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Aligning National Environmental Policy Act Process with Environmental Management Systems Aligning National Environmental Policy Act Process with Environmental Management Systems...

  18. Annual Site Environmental Report: 2010 (ASER)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sabba, D.

    2011-11-11

    This report provides information about environmental programs during the calendar year of 2010 at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory (SLAC), Menlo Park, California. Activities that overlap the calendar year - i.e., stormwater monitoring covering the winter season of 2010/2011 (October 2010 through May 2011) are also included. SLAC is a federally-funded research and development center with Stanford University as the M&O contractor. Under Executive Order (EO) 13423, Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management, EO 13514, Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance, and DOE Order 450.1A, Environmental Protection Program, SLAC effectively implements and integrates the key elements of an Environmental Management System (EMS) to achieve the site's integrated safety and environmental management system goals. For normal daily activities, SLAC managers and supervisors are responsible for ensuring that policies and procedures are understood and followed so that: (1) Worker safety and health are protected; (2) The environment is protected; and (3) Compliance is ensured. Throughout 2010, SLAC continued to improve its management systems. These systems provided a structured framework for SLAC to implement 'greening of the government' initiatives such as EO 13423, EO 13514, and DOE Orders 450.1A and 430.2B. Overall, management systems at SLAC are effective, supporting compliance with all relevant statutory and regulatory requirements. During 2010, there were no reportable releases to the environment from SLAC operations. In addition, many improvements in waste minimization, recycling, stormwater management, groundwater restoration, and SLAC's chemical management system (CMS) were continued. The following are among SLAC's environmental accomplishments for 2010. To facilitate management and identification of future potential greenhouse gases (GHG) reduction opportunities, SLAC voluntarily completed GHG inventories for calendar year (CY) 2008 and CY 2009 and submitted the results to The Climate Registry. A Lead Management Plan was completed to reduce the potential of lead impacting the environment, and two large legacy tube-trailer modules, each containing 38 tubes of compressed ethane, were reused or recycled by an outside contractor, resulting in hazardous waste avoidance and cost savings of approximately $100,000 in transportation and disposal costs. SLAC continues to make progress on achieving the sustainability goals of EOs 13423 and 13514, which include, but are not limited to reductions in the use of water, energy, and fuel, building to green standards and reductions in GHG emissions. Phase I of the SLAC Advanced Metering project for electrical and natural gas systems was completed. Phase I included the design of the metering system and purchase of the enterprise software. The planning, design, and installation of an advanced water metering system for select buildings, landscape, and process systems were completed. In addition, the last major onsite chiller containing a Class I ozone-depleting substance was taken out of service, and SLAC continued to replace conventional vehicles with electric vehicles. In 2010, there were no radiological impacts to the public or the environment from SLAC operations. The potential doses to the public were negligible and far below the regulatory and SLAC administrative limits. No radiological incidents occurred that increased radiation levels to the public or released radioactivity to the environment. In addition to managing its radioactive wastes safely and responsibly, SLAC worked to reduce the amount of waste generated. SLAC shipped 2,891 cubic feet of low-level radioactive waste, half of which was legacy waste, to appropriate treatment and disposal facilities for low-level radioactive waste. SLAC also continued its efforts to reduce the inventory of materials no longer needed for its mission by permanently removing 125 sealed radioactive sources from the inventory. Ninety-seven of the sealed sources were returned to the manufactur

  19. California's Environmental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    SB 375 and California's Environmental Goals Louise Bedsworth Deputy Director Governor's Office of Planning and Research January 22, 2014 UC Davis Policy Forum Series #12;A vision for California's future Strong economy Thriving urban areas Prosperous rural regions Clean Environment Clean and efficient energy

  20. Lessons Learned and Present Day Challenges of Addressing 20th Century Radiation Legacies of Russia and the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    KRISTOFZSKI, J.G.

    2000-10-26

    The decommissioning of nuclear submarines, disposal of highly-enriched uranium and weapons-grade plutonium, and processing of high-level radioactive wastes represent the most challenging issues facing the cleanup of 20th century radiation legacy wastes and facilities. The US and Russia are the two primary countries dealing with these challenges, because most of the world's fissile inventory is being processed and stored at multiple industrial sites and nuclear weapons production facilities in these countries.

  1. Environmental Change Institute Environmental Change Institute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    Environmental Change Institute 2012/13 eci Environmental Change Institute #12;ii Environmental 06 Educating environmental leaders 08 Centre for interdisciplinary doctoral training 10 A thriving, Dumfriesshire (ECI) #12;1 The Environmental Change Institute has 21 years' experience in helping governments

  2. A new generation's view on foreign intervention: an experimental approach in the post-cold war era

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wyner, Brittani Dawne

    1998-01-01

    This study explores the post-cold war preferences of 400 undergraduate college participants in an experiment about conditions for U.S. intervention and the use of American military forces abroad. Two factors believed to ...

  3. Will to war, will to art : cultural internationalism and the modernist aesthetics of monuments, 1932-1964

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allais, Lucia

    2008-01-01

    This dissertation examines a period around World War II when the prospect of widespread destruction provoked a profound re-evaluation of Europe's landmarks, their material value, and their ethical significance. Between ...

  4. Pershing's right hand: General James G. Harbord and the American Expeditionary Forces in the First World War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neumann, Brian Fisher

    2006-10-30

    with artillery and machine-guns, tanks and aeroplanes, with the common soldier reduced to grist for the mill of industrialized warfare. Even the relative importance of the American contribution to the war remains a topic of debate amongst historians...

  5. The Louisiana State Museum Vessel: a historical and archaeological analysis of an American Civil War-era submersible boat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wills, Richard Keith

    2000-01-01

    During the spring of 1992, and again in the winter of 1993, seven graduate students from Texas A&M University's Nautical Archaeology Program participated in a project to document the Louisiana State Museum Vessel, an American Civil War...

  6. Reconciliation through reintegration? : a study on spatial proximity and social relations in two post-civil war Beirut neighborhoods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saab, Zeina

    2009-01-01

    Although the Lebanese Civil War ended in 1991 and Beirut became a reunified city, much of it remains divided between a Christian East and a Muslim West. Beyond certain parts of the capital, many of its residential neighborhoods ...

  7. From the Frontlines to the Bottom Line: Medical Marijuana, the War on Drugs, and the Drug Policy Reform Movement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heddleston, Thomas Reed

    2012-01-01

    International Journal of Drug Policy 10: 319-28. Zinberg,Norman E. 1984. Drug, Set, and Setting: The Basis forand Mirrors: The War on Drugs and the Politics of Failure.

  8. Environmental Engineering and Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mirza, Umar Karim

    2001-01-01

    Review: Environmental Engineering and Management By J.M.H. Power (Eds. ). Environmental Engineering and Management.Conference on Environmental Engineering and Management,

  9. Environmental Information Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shrode, Flora

    2006-01-01

    Miranda A. Schreurs (Eds. ). Environmental Policy in Japan.Jordan, Andres (Ed. ).Environmental Policy in the EuropeanChao, Chi-Chur. Environmental Policy, International Trade,

  10. Earth & Environmental Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Earth & Environmental Science Earth & Environmental Science1354608000000Earth & Environmental ScienceSome of these resources are LANL-only and will require Remote Access.No...

  11. HUD's Environmental Review Training

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    An environmental review is the process of reviewing a project and its potential environmental impacts to determine whether it meets federal, state, and local environmental standards. The...

  12. Environmental Information Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shrode, Flora

    2006-01-01

    activism and environmental education. The conference purposeHorizons for Environmental Education" and "Celebrating theAmerican Association for Environmental Education. ) )Urban

  13. Environmental Management System

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Management System Environmental Management System An Environmental Management System is a systematic method for assessing mission activities, determining the environmental impacts...

  14. Essays on Environmental Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Qu

    2015-01-01

    Keohane. "Market effects of environmental regulation: coal,utility." Journal of Environmental Economics and ManagementEconomy of Market-Based Environmental Policy: the US Acid

  15. 12-11-24 7:47 PMModernity, the Cold War, and New Whig Histories of Ideas, Pt. 3 Ether Wave Propaganda Page 1 of 6http://etherwave.wordpress.com/2012/11/17/modernity-the-cold-war-and-new-whig-histories-of-ideas-pt-3/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solovey, Mark

    12-11-24 7:47 PMModernity, the Cold War, and New Whig Histories of Ideas, Pt. 3 Ether Wave Propaganda Page 1 of 6http://etherwave.wordpress.com/2012/11/17/modernity-the-cold-war-and-new-whig-histories-of-ideas-pt-3/ Modernity, the Cold War, and New Whig Histories of Ideas, Pt. 3 November 17, 2012 Posted

  16. 13-03-09 9:32 PMModernity, the Cold War, and New Whig Histories of Ideas, Pt. 1 | Ether Wave Propaganda Page 1 of 6http://etherwave.wordpress.com/2012/09/22/modernity-the-cold-war-and-new-whig-histories-of-ideas-pt-1/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solovey, Mark

    13-03-09 9:32 PMModernity, the Cold War, and New Whig Histories of Ideas, Pt. 1 | Ether Wave Propaganda Page 1 of 6http://etherwave.wordpress.com/2012/09/22/modernity-the-cold-war-and-new-whig-histories-of-ideas-pt-1/ Modernity, the Cold War, and New Whig Histories of Ideas, Pt. 1 September 22, 2012 Posted

  17. 13-03-09 9:37 PMModernity, the Cold War, and New Whig Histories of Ideas, Pt. 2 | Ether Wave Propaganda Page 1 of 4http://etherwave.wordpress.com/2012/10/21/modernity-the-cold-war-and-new-whig-histories-of-ideas-pt-2/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solovey, Mark

    13-03-09 9:37 PMModernity, the Cold War, and New Whig Histories of Ideas, Pt. 2 | Ether Wave Propaganda Page 1 of 4http://etherwave.wordpress.com/2012/10/21/modernity-the-cold-war-and-new-whig-histories-of-ideas-pt-2/ Modernity, the Cold War, and New Whig Histories of Ideas, Pt. 2 October 21, 2012 Posted

  18. Tug-of-war as a cooperative mechanism for bidirectional cargo transport by molecular motors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melanie J. I. Mller; Stefan Klumpp; Reinhard Lipowsky

    2008-07-03

    Intracellular transport is based on molecular motors that pull cargos along cytoskeletal filaments. One motor species always moves in one direction, e.g. conventional kinesin moves to the microtubule plus end, while cytoplasmic dynein moves to the microtubule minus end. However, many cellular cargos are observed to move bidirectionally, involving both plus-end and minus-end directed motors. The presumably simplest mechanism for such bidirectional transport is provided by a tug-of-war between the two motor species. This mechanism is studied theoretically using the load-dependent transport properties of individual motors as measured in single-molecule experiments. In contrast to previous expectations, such a tug-of-war is found to be highly cooperative and to exhibit seven different motility regimes depending on the precise values of the single motor parameters. The sensitivity of the transport process to small parameter changes can be used by the cell to regulate its cargo traffic.

  19. Non-Local Tug-of-War and the Infinity Fractional Laplacian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bjorland, Clayton; Figalli, Alessio

    2010-01-01

    Motivated by the "tug-of-war" game studied in [12], we consider a "non-local" version of the game which goes as follows: at every step two players pick respectively a direction and then, instead of flipping a coin in order to decide which direction to choose and then moving of a fixed amount $\\epsilon>0$ (as is done in the classical case), it is a $s$-stable Levy process which chooses at the same time both the direction and the distance to travel. Starting from this game, we heuristically we derive a deterministic non-local integro-differential equation that we call "infinity fractional Laplacian". We study existence, uniqueness, and regularity, both for the Dirichlet problem and for a double obstacle problem, both problems having a natural interpretation as "tug-of-war" games.

  20. Mitigation of Selected Hanford Site Manhattan Project and Cold War Era Artifacts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kennedy, Ellen P.; Harvey, David W.

    2006-09-08

    This document is the first time that Manhattan Project and Cold War era artifacts from the Hanford Site have been assembled within a publication. The publication presents photographic and written documentation of a number of Manhattan Project and Cold War era artifacts that were identified and tagged during assessment walk throughs of historic buildings on the Hanford Site but which could not be curated within the Hanford collection because they were too large for long-term storage and/or exhibit purposes or were radiologically contaminated. The significance of the artifacts in this publication and a proposed future appendix is based not on the individual significance of any single artifact but on their collective contribution to the science and engineering of creating plutonium and advancing nuclear technology in nuclear fuel and power.

  1. UP2 400 High Activity Oxide Legacy Waste Retrieval Project Scope and Progress-13048

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chabeuf, Jean-Michel; Varet, Thierry [AREVA Site Value Development Business Unit, La Hague Site (France)] [AREVA Site Value Development Business Unit, La Hague Site (France)

    2013-07-01

    The High Activity Oxide facility (HAO) reprocessed sheared and dissolved 4500 metric tons of light water reactor fuel the fuel of the emerging light water reactor spent fuel between 1976 and 1998. Over the period, approximately 2200 tons of process waste, composed primarily of sheared hulls, was produced and stored in a vast silo in the first place, and in canisters stored in pools in subsequent years. Upon shutdown of the facility, AREVA D and D Division in La Hague launched a thorough investigation and characterization of the silos and pools content, which then served as input data for the definition of a legacy waste retrieval and reconditioning program. Basic design was conducted between 2005 and 2007, and was followed by an optimization phase which lead to the definition of a final scenario and budget, 12% under the initial estimates. The scenario planned for the construction of a retrieval and reconditioning cell to be built on top of the storage silo. The retrieved waste would then be rinsed and sorted, so that hulls could subsequently be sent to La Hague high activity compacting facility, while resins and sludge would be cemented within the retrieval cell. Detailed design was conducted successfully from 2008 until 2011, while a thorough research and development program was conducted in order to qualify each stage of the retrieval and reconditioning process, and assist in the elaboration of the final waste package specification. This R and D program was defined and conducted as a response and mitigation of the major project risks identified during the basic design process. Procurement and site preparatory works were then launched in 2011. By the end of 2012, R and D is nearly completed, the retrieval and reconditioning process have been secured, the final waste package specification is being completed, the first equipment for the retrieval cell is being delivered on site, while preparation works are allowing to free up space above and around the silo, to allow for construction which is scheduled to being during the first semester of 2013. The elaboration of the final waste package is still undergoing and expected to be completed by then end of 2013, following some final elements of R and D required to demonstrate the full compatibility of the package with deep geological repository. The HAO legacy waste retrieval project is so far the largest such project entering operational phase on the site of La Hague. It is on schedule, under budget, and in conformity with the delivery requirements set by the French Safety Authority, as well as other stakeholders. This project paves the way for the successful completion of AREVA La Hague other legacy waste retrieval projects, which are currently being drafted or already in active R and D phase. (authors)

  2. Love, Sacrifice, and Honor: Warrior Virtues and the American Soldiers Experience of World War II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williamson, Benjamin K.

    2010-07-14

    ....................................................... 40 Elliot Johnson................................................................................ 42 VI AWARDING VIRTUE: MEDALS OF HONOR AND THE AMERICAN SYSTEM OF MILITARY COMMENDATION................ 45 History of the American system... of morality and virtue. Furthermore, I will investigate the way in which ?warrior virtues? operated?or failed to operate?in the experiences of soldiers in World War II. As stated by James Turner Johnson in his book Morality and Contemporary Warfare, ?The...

  3. Tug-of-war and infinity Laplace equation with vanishing Neumann boundary condition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antunovi?, Ton?i; Sheffield, Scott; Somersille, Stephanie

    2011-01-01

    We study a version of the stochastic "tug-of-war" game, played on graphs and smooth domains, with the empty set of terminal states. We prove that, when the running payoff function is shifted by an appropriate constant, the values of the game after n steps converge in the continuous case and the case of finite graphs with loops. Using this we prove the existence of solutions to the infinity Laplace equation with vanishing Neumann boundary condition.

  4. Lessons from post-war Iraq for the international full-scope safeguards regime

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scheinman, L.

    1993-04-01

    The discovery after the Gulf War of the extensive Iraqi nuclear weapon program severely shook public confidence in the nuclear non-proliferation regime in general, and the safeguards program of the IAEA under the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, in particular. Iraq provided the justification for evaluating the safeguards regime under new political circumstances, so that appropriate corrective measures could be taken when necessary. It is now up to the individual states within the international system to take advantage of this opportunity.

  5. Nationalization of the oil industry in Iran 1951-1953: a study in cold war diplomacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qaim-Maqami, Linda Wills

    1973-01-01

    for Russia. The American Government believed that the situation could not go unchecked, so they sent W. Averill Harriman to find a solution since the British hsd proved ~bly unable to do so. Harriman met with some success, even managing to persuade.... Several wars with Russia in the nineteenth cen- tury in which ancient lands were lost were disastrous blows to the traditional structure. Western influence through the British, whose 2 This themis follows the style and format of the American Historical...

  6. Properties of tug-of-war model for cargo transport by molecular motors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yunxin Zhang

    2009-03-20

    Molecular motors are essential components for the biophysical functions of the cell. Our current quantitative understanding of how multiple motors move along a single track is not complete; even though models and theories for single motor chemomechanics abound. Recently, M.J.I. M$\\ddot{\\rm u}$ller {\\em et al.} have developed a tug-of-war model to describe the bidirectional movement of the cargo (PNAS(2008) 105(12) P4609-4614). Through Monte Carlo simulations, they discovered that the tug-of-war model exhibits several qualitative different motility regimes, which depend on the precise value of single motor parameters, and they suggested the sensitivity can be used by a cell to regulate its cargo traffic. In the present paper, we carry out a thorough analysis of the tug-of-war model. All the stable, i.e., biophysically observable, steady states are obtained. Depending on several parameters, the system exhibits either uni-, bi- or tristability. Based on the separating boundary of the different stable states and the initial numbers of the different motor species that are bound to the track, the steady state of the cargo movement can be predicted, and consequently the steady state velocity can be obtained. It is found that, the velocity, even the direction, of the cargo movement change with the initial numbers of the motors which are bound to the track and several other parameters.

  7. Completing the work of the guns: presidential rhetoric, national character, and World War II memorials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Rachel Lee

    2001-01-01

    The problems posed by gender essentialisms are important for both feminist theorists and environmental ethicists. Ecofeminist philosophers, as both feminist theorists and environmental ethicists, should therefore find ...

  8. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; SAVANNAH RIVER PLANT; ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    5 audit of SRP radioactive waste Ashley, C. 05 NUCLEAR FUELS; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; SAVANNAH RIVER PLANT; ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS; RADIOACTIVE EFFLUENTS; EMISSION; HIGH-LEVEL...

  9. Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation Environmental...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Department of Environmental Conservation Environmental Notice Bulletin Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Vermont Department of...

  10. Council on Environmental Quality - Guidance for Environmental...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Council on Environmental Quality - Guidance for Environmental Assessments of Forest Health Projects Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Memorandum:...

  11. National Environmental Information Infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenslade, Diana

    National Environmental Information Infrastructure: Reference Architecture Contributing to the Australian Government National Plan for Environmental Information initiative #12;National Environmental Information Infrastructure: Reference Architecture v1.1 Environmental Information Programme Publication Series

  12. Environmental Standardization for Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bagby, John

    Environmental Standardization for Sustainability by Professor John W. Bagby College of Information that environmental controls are expressed as environmental standards, a traditional driver of investment in pollution control. Environmental standards spur investment in green technologies that promise to stimulate

  13. 2010 / 2011 ENVIRONMENTAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roe, Paul

    VOLUME 12 VOLUME 16 ISSUE 74 2010 / 2011 QUEENSLAND ENVIRONMENTAL PRACTICE REPORTER #12;EDITORIAL Environmental Practice Reporter do not necessarily reflect those of the Queensland Environmental Law Association or information. SUBSCRIPTION CONTRIBUTIONS Contributions to the Queensland Environmental Practice Reporter

  14. Danish Environmental Protection Agency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Danish Environmental Protection Agency Waste in Denmark Ministry of Environment and Energy, Denmark Danish Environmental Protection Agency #12;Danish Environmental Protection Agency Waste in Denmark Ministry of Environment and Energy, Denmark Danish Environmental Protection Agency #12;Contents Waste

  15. Photometric selection of Type Ia supernovae in the Supernova Legacy Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bazin, G; Palanque-Delabrouille, N; Rich, J; Aubourg, E; Astier, P; Balland, C; Basa, S; Carlberg, R G; Conley, A; Fouchez, D; Guy, J; Hardin, D; Hook, I M; Howell, D A; Pain, R; Perrett, K; Pritchet, C J; Regnault, N; Sullivan, M; Fourmanoit, N; Gonzalez-Gaitan, S; Lidman, C; Perlmutter, S; Ripoche, P; Walker, E S

    2011-01-01

    We present a sample of 485 photometrically identified Type Ia supernova candidates mined from the first three years of data of the CFHT SuperNova Legacy Survey (SNLS). The images were submitted to a deferred processing independent of the SNLS real-time detection pipeline. Light curves of all transient events were reconstructed in the g_M, r_M, i_M and z_M filters and submitted to automated sequential cuts in order to identify possible supernovae. Pure noise and long-term variable events were rejected by light curve shape criteria. Type Ia supernova identification relied on event characteristics fitted to their light curves assuming the events to be normal SNe Ia. The light curve fitter SALT2 was used for this purpose, assigning host galaxy photometric redshifts to the tested events. The selected sample of 485 candidates is one magnitude deeper than that allowed by the SNLS spectroscopic identification. The contamination by supernovae of other types is estimated to be 4%. Testing Hubble diagram residuals with ...

  16. Using Coarrays to Parallelize Legacy Fortran Applications: Strategy and Case Study

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Radhakrishnan, Hari; Rouson, Damian W. I.; Morris, Karla; Shende, Sameer; Kassinos, Stavros C.

    2015-01-01

    This paper summarizes a strategy for parallelizing a legacy Fortran 77 program using the object-oriented (OO) and coarray features that entered Fortran in the 2003 and 2008 standards, respectively. OO programming (OOP) facilitates the construction of an extensible suite of model-verification and performance tests that drive the development. Coarray parallel programming facilitates a rapid evolution from a serial application to a parallel application capable of running on multicore processors and many-core accelerators in shared and distributed memory. We delineate 17 code modernization steps used to refactor and parallelize the program and study the resulting performance. Our initial studies were donemoreusing the Intel Fortran compiler on a 32-core shared memory server. Scaling behavior was very poor, and profile analysis using TAU showed that the bottleneck in the performance was due to our implementation of a collective, sequential summation procedure. We were able to improve the scalability and achieve nearly linear speedup by replacing the sequential summation with a parallel, binary tree algorithm. We also tested the Cray compiler, which provides its own collective summation procedure. Intel provides no collective reductions. With Cray, the program shows linear speedup even in distributed-memory execution. We anticipate similar results with other compilers once they support the new collective procedures proposed for Fortran 2015.less

  17. FAINT TIDAL FEATURES IN GALAXIES WITHIN THE CANADA-FRANCE-HAWAII TELESCOPE LEGACY SURVEY WIDE FIELDS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atkinson, Adam M.; Abraham, Roberto G.; Ferguson, Annette M. N.

    2013-03-01

    We present an analysis of the detectability of faint tidal features in galaxies from the wide-field component of the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope Legacy Survey. Our sample consists of 1781 luminous (M{sub r{sup '}}<-19.3 mag) galaxies in the magnitude range 15.5 mag < r' < 17 mag and in the redshift range 0.04 < z < 0.2. Although we have classified tidal features according to their morphology (e.g., streams, shells, and tails), we do not attempt to interpret them in terms of their physical origin (e.g., major versus minor merger debris). Instead, we provide a catalog that is intended to provide raw material for future investigations which will probe the nature of low surface brightness substructure around galaxies. We find that around 12% of the galaxies in our sample show clear tidal features at the highest confidence level. This fraction rises to about 18% if we include systems with convincing, albeit weaker tidal features, and to 26% if we include systems with more marginal features that may or may not be tidal in origin. These proportions are a strong function of rest-frame color and of stellar mass. Linear features, shells, and fans are much more likely to occur in massive galaxies with stellar masses >10{sup 10.5} M {sub Sun }, and red galaxies are twice as likely to show tidal features than are blue galaxies.

  18. The Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Host Galaxy Legacy Survey - I. Sample Selection and Redshift Distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perley, D A; Schulze, S; Postigo, A de Ugarte; Hjorth, J; Berger, E; Cenko, S B; Chary, R; Cucchiara, A; Ellis, R; Fong, W; Fynbo, J P U; Gorosabel, J; Greiner, J; Jakobsson, P; Laskar, T; Levan, A J; Micha?owski, M J; Milvang-Jensen, B; Tanvir, N R; Thne, C C; Wiersema, K

    2015-01-01

    We introduce the Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Host Galaxy Legacy Survey ("SHOALS"), a multi-observatory high-redshift galaxy survey targeting the largest unbiased sample of long-duration gamma-ray burst hosts yet assembled (119 in total). We describe the motivations of the survey and the development of our selection criteria, including an assessment of the impact of various observability metrics on the success rate of afterglow-based redshift measurement. We briefly outline our host-galaxy observational program, consisting of deep Spitzer/IRAC imaging of every field supplemented by similarly-deep, multi-color optical/NIR photometry, plus spectroscopy of events without pre-existing redshifts. Our optimized selection cuts combined with host-galaxy follow-up have so far enabled redshift measurements for 110 targets (92%) and placed upper limits on all but one of the remainder. About 20% of GRBs in the sample are heavily dust-obscured, and at most 2% originate from z>5.5. Using this sample we estimate the redshift-depen...

  19. Environmental Documents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFES October 27th, 2010Environment, Health,Environmental Documents

  20. Environmental Perspective

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFES October 27th, 2010Environment,Reports DocumentsENVIRONMENTAL