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1

Upgrade of the Argonne Wakefield Accelerator Facility (AWA):...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

U.S.A. Abstract Research at the AWA Facility has been focused on the development of electron beam driven wakefield structures. Accelerating gradients of up to 100 MVm have been...

2

Argonne Wakefield Accelerator Facility (AWA) Upgrades  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Facility is dedicated to the study of advanced accelerator concepts based on electron beam driven wakefield acceleration and RF power generation. The facility employs an...

3

Upgrade of the Argonne Wakefield Accelerator Facility (AWA) and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

that will enable it to further study wakefield acceleration driven by high charge electron beams. The facility employs an L-band photocathode RF gun to generate high charge...

4

Recent Experiment on Wakefield Transformer Ratio Enhancement at AWA  

SciTech Connect

One technique to enhance the transformer ratio beyond the ordinary limit of 2 in a collinear wakefield acceleration scheme is to use a ramped bunched train (RBT). The first experimental demonstration has been reported in [1]. However, due to the mismatch between the beam bunch length and frequency of the accelerating structure, the observed transformer ratio was only marginally above 2 in the earlier experiment. We recently revisited this experiment with an optimized bunch length using the laser stacking technique at Argonne Wakefield Accelerator (AWA) facility. A transformer ratio of 3.4 has been measured using two drive bunches. Attempting to use four drive bunches met with major challenges. In this article, measurement results and data analysis from these experiments are presented in detail.

Jing, C.; Kanareykin, A. [Euclid Techlabs, LLC, 5900 Harper Rd, Solon, OH 44139 (United States); High Energy Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Power, J. G.; Conde, M.; Liu, W.; Yusof, Z.; Gai, W. [High Energy Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States)

2010-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

5

High Transformer ratios in collinear wakefield accelerators.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on our previous experiment that successfully demonstrated wakefield transformer ratio enhancement in a 13.625 GHz dielectric-loaded collinear wakefield accelerator using the ramped bunch train technique, we present here a redesigned experimental scheme for even higher enhancement of the efficiency of this accelerator. Design of a collinear wakefield device with a transformer ratio R2, is presented. Using a ramped bunch train (RBT) rather than a single drive bunch, the enhanced transformer ratio (ETR) technique is able to increase the transformer ratio R above the ordinary limit of 2. To match the wavelength of the fundamental mode of the wakefield with the bunch length (sigmaz=2 mm) of the new Argonne wakefield accelerator (AWA) drive gun (where the experiment will be performed), a 26.625 GHz dielectric based accelerating structure is required. This transformer ratio enhancement technique based on our dielectric-loaded waveguide design will result in a compact, high efficiency accelerating structures for future wakefield accelerators.

Power, J. G.; Conde, M.; Yusof, Z.; Gai, W.; Jing, C.; Kanreykin, A.; Schoessow, P.; High Energy Physics; Euclid Techlabs, LLC

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Wakefield Breakdown Test of a Diamond-loaded Accelerating Structure...  

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WAKEFIELD BREAKDOWN TEST OF A DIAMOND-LOADED ACCELERATING STRUCTURE AT THE AWA S. Antipov, C. Jing, P. Schoessow, J. E. Butler, S. Zuo and A. Kanareykin, Euclid Techlabs LLC,...

7

Development of Cesium Telluride Photocathodes for the AWA Accelerator...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(AWA) facility conducts advanced accelerator research studies for the next generation electron accelerators. The acceleration scheme focuses primarily on the generation of...

8

Start-to-end beam dynamics simulation of double triangular current profile generation in Argonne Wakefield Accelerator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Double triangular current profile (DT) gives a high transformer ratio which is the determining factor of the performance of collinear wakefield accelerator. This current profile can be generated using the emittance exchange (EEX) beam line. Argonne Wakefield Accelerator (AWA) facility plans to generate DT using the EEX beam line. We conducted start-to-end simulation for the AWA beam line using PARMELA code. Also, we discuss requirements of beam parameters for the generation of DT.

Ha, G.; Power, J.; Kim, S. H.; Gai, W.; Kim, K.-J.; Cho, M. H.; Namkung, W. [POSTECH, Pohang, Gyeongbuk, 790-784 (Korea, Republic of); Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); POSTECH, Pohang, Gyeongbuk, 790-784 (Korea, Republic of) and Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); POSTECH, Pohang, Gyeongbuk, 790-784 (Korea, Republic of) and Pohang Accelerator Laboratory, Pohang, Gyeongbuk, 790-784 (Korea, Republic of); Pohang Accelerator Laboratory, Pohang, Gyeongbuk, 790-784 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

9

Plasma Wakefield Acceleration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

rpwa rpwa Sign In Launch the Developer Dashboard SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory DOE | Stanford | SLAC | SSRL | LCLS | AD | PPA | Photon Science | PULSE | SIMES FACET User Facility : FACET An Office of Science User Facility Search this site... Search Help (new window) Top Link Bar FACET User Facility FACET Home About FACET FACET Experimental Facilities FACET Users Research at FACET SAREC Expand SAREC FACET FAQs FACET User Facility Quick Launch FACET Users Home FACET Division ARD Home About FACET FACET News FACET Users FACET Experimental Facilities FACET Research Expand FACET Research FACET Images Expand FACET Images SAREC Expand SAREC FACET Project Site (restricted) FACET FAQs FACET Site TOC All Site Content Department of Energy Page Content Plasma Wakefield Acceleration

10

Laser Wakefield Particle Accelerators Project at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Particle Acceleration Laser Wakefield Particle Acceleration Vorpal.jpg Key Challenges: Design of multiple-staged, 10-GeV laser-wakefield plasma accelerated next-generation hardware...

11

Survey of Advanced Dielectric Wakefield Accelerators  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

out wakefield accelerator research. Wakefield Acceleration at AATF The AATF had an electron beam produced by an L- band thermionic RF gun followed by two traveling-wave linac...

12

Upgrade of the Drive LINAC for the AWA Facility Dielectric Two-Beam Accelerator  

SciTech Connect

We report on the design of a seven-cell, standing-wave, 1.3-GHz rf cavity and the associated beam dynamics studies for the upgrade of the drive beamline LINAC at the Argonne Wakefield Accelerator (AWA) facility. The LINAC design is a compromise between single-bunch operation (100 nC {at} 75 MeV) and minimization of the energy droop along the bunch train during bunch-train operation. The 1.3-GHz drive bunch-train target parameters are 75 MeV, 10-20-ns macropulse duration, and 16 x 60 nC microbunches; this is equivalent to a macropulse current and beam power of 80 A and 6 GW, respectively. Each LINAC structure accelerates approximately 1000 nC in 10 ns by a voltage of 11 MV at an rf power of 10 MW. Due to the short bunch-train duration desired ({approx}10 ns) and the existing frequency (1.3 GHz), compensation of the energy droop along the bunch train is difficult to accomplish by means of the two standard techniques: time-domain or frequency-domain beam loading compensation. Therefore, to minimize the energy droop, our design is based on a large stored energy rf cavity. In this paper, we present our rf cavity optimization method, detailed rf cavity design, and beam dynamics studies of the drive beamline.

Power, John; /Argonne; Conde, Manoel; /Argonne; Gai, Wei; /Argonne; Li, Zenghai; /SLAC; Mihalcea, Daniel; /Northern Illinois U.

2012-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

13

Energy Measurement in a Plasma Wakefield Accelerator  

SciTech Connect

In the E-167 plasma wakefield acceleration experiment, electrons with an initial energy of 42GeV are accelerated in a meter-scale lithium plasma. Particles are leaving plasma with a large energy spread. To determine the spectrum of the accelerated particles, a two-plane spectrometer has been set up.

Ischebeck, R

2007-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

14

Modeling Laser Wakefield Accelerators in a Lorentz Boosted Frame  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Laser Wakefield Accelerators in a Lorentz Boosted Frame Modeling Laser Wakefield Accelerators in a Lorentz Boosted Frame VayBoost.gif An image showing the "boosted frame," in which...

15

A Test-bed for Future Linear Collider Technology: Argonne Wakefield...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

U.S.A. Abstract Research at the AWA Facility has been focused on the development of electron beam driven wakefield structures. Accelerating gradients of up to 100 MVm have been...

16

Wakefields in photonic accelerator structures  

SciTech Connect

Control and manipulation of properties - such as vacuum modal confinement, spatial harmonic content, phase velocity, and group velocity - are reasons why an all-dielectric beam-driven accelerator would be expected to benefit by borrowing from the field of optical bandgap photonics. We outline the general conditions for coherent Cerenkov radiation in a photonic crystal, illustrated by three examples: two Bragg mirrors separated by a vacuum gap, a woodpile with a linear waveguide channel, and a stack of photonic slabs having a planar waveguide channel.

Naranjo, B.; Andonian, G.; Arab, E.; Barber, S.; Fitzmorris, K.; Fukusawa, A.; Hoang, P.; Mahapatra, S.; O'Shea, B.; Valloni, A.; Williams, O.; Yang, C.; Rosenzweig, J. B. [UCLA Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1547 (United States)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

17

Transformer Ratio Enhancement for Structure-Based Wakefield Acceleration  

SciTech Connect

A limiting factor in the efficiency of wakefield accelerators is the fact that the transformer ratio R, the parameter that characterizes the energy transfer efficiency from the accelerating structure to the accelerated electron beam, is less than 2 for most technologically realizable beam-structure configurations. We are planning an experiment to study transformer ratio enhancement in a 13.625 GHz dielectric wakefield structure driven by a ramped bunch train. In this paper we present an experimental program for the demonstration of this Enhanced Transformer Ratio Dielectric Wakefield Accelerator (ETR-DWA)

Kanareykin, A. [Euclid Techlabs LLC, Solon OH 44139 (United States); Gai, W.; Power, J.G. [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne IL, 60439 (United States); Schoessow, P. [Tech-X Corp., Boulder CO, 80303 (United States)

2004-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

18

Plasma Focusing & Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

pf pf Sign In Launch the Developer Dashboard SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory DOE | Stanford | SLAC | SSRL | LCLS | AD | PPA | Photon Science | PULSE | SIMES FACET User Facility : FACET An Office of Science User Facility Search this site... Search Help (new window) Top Link Bar FACET User Facility FACET Home About FACET FACET Experimental Facilities FACET Users Research at FACET SAREC Expand SAREC FACET FAQs FACET User Facility Quick Launch FACET Users Home FACET Division ARD Home About FACET FACET News FACET Users FACET Experimental Facilities FACET Research Expand FACET Research FACET Images Expand FACET Images SAREC Expand SAREC FACET Project Site (restricted) FACET FAQs FACET Site TOC All Site Content Department of Energy Page Content Plasma Focusing & Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration

19

Wakefield Breakdown Test of a Diamond-Loaded Accelerating Structure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

WAKEFIELD BREAKDOWN TEST OF A DIAMOND-LOADED ACCELERATING STRUCTURE S. Antipov, C. Jing, A. Kanareykin, P. Schoessow Euclid TechLabs LLC, Solon, OH, 44139 USA M. Conde, W. Gai, S....

20

A New High Intensity Electron Beam for Wakefield Acceleration...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HIGH INTENSITY ELECTRON BEAM FOR WAKEFIELD ACCELERATION STUDIES* M.E. Conde , W. Gai, C. Jing, R. Konecny, W. Liu, J.G. Power, H. Wang, Z. Yusof ANL, Argonne, IL 60439, USA...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wakefield accelerator awa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Analysis of Laser Wakefield Particle Acceleration Data at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Analysis of Laser Wakefield Particle Acceleration Data LWFAIllustrationSmall.png In collaboration with researchers of the LOASIS program (LBNL) and the SciDAC SDM center (LBNL) we...

22

AWA Facility Expansion  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Facility Upgrade Facility Upgrade Wei Gai High Energy Physics Division June 16, 2009 Background * AWA Group has been receiving very positive DOE Review evaluations in the last several years. * DOE funding has been constant or increasing, even in years with general budget cuts. * Outstanding scientific results have been achieved in recent years using the unique AWA electron beam capabilities (100 MV/m accelerating gradient). * General infrastructure in building 366 has improved in recent years (air-conditioner, better lighting, new laboratory space), creating a much better environment for conducting the AWA research program. * Additional RF power station (a second klystron) is being commissioned and it will improve the capabilities of the facility. Recent Budget Increase * Very positive DOE review (Dec. 2008) and

23

Stimulated Raman Side Scattering in Laser Wakefield Acceleration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Stimulated Raman side scattering of an ultrashort high power laser pulse is studied in experiments on laser wakefield acceleration. Experiments and simulations reveal that stimulated Raman side scattering occurs at the beginning of the interaction, that it contributes to the evolution of the pulse prior to wakefield formation, and also that it affects the quality of electron beams generated. The relativistic shift of the plasma frequency is measured.

Matsuoka, T.; McGuffey, C.; Cummings, P. G.; Horovitz, Y.; Dollar, F.; Chvykov, V.; Kalintchenko, G.; Rousseau, P.; Yanovsky, V.; Bulanov, S. S.; Thomas, A. G. R.; Maksimchuk, A.; Krushelnick, K. [Center for Ultrafast Optical Science and FOCUS Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)

2010-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

24

Laser Wakefield Acceleration Experiments Using HERCULES Laser  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Laser wakefield acceleration (LWFA) in a supersonic gas-jet using a self-guided laser pulse was studied by changing laser power and plasma electron density. The recently upgraded HERCULES laser facility equipped with wavefront correction enables a peak intensity of 6.1x10{sup 19} W/cm{sup 2} at laser power of 80 TW to be delivered to the gas-jet using F/10 focusing optics. We found that electron beam charge was increased significantly with an increase of laser power from 30 TW to 80 TW and showed density threshold behavior at a fixed laser power. We also studied the influence of laser focusing conditions by changing the f-number of the optics to F/15 and found an increase in density threshold for electron production compared to the F/10 configuration. The analysis of different phenomena such as betatron motion of electrons, side scattering of the laser pulse for different focusing conditions, the influence of plasma density down ramp on LWFA are shown.

Matsuoka, T.; McGuffey, C.; Dollar, F.; Bulanov, S. S.; Chvykov, V.; Kalintchenko, G.; Rousseau, P.; Yanovsky, V.; Maksimchuk, A.; Krushelnick, K. [Center for Ultrafast Optical Science and FOCUS Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Horovitz, Y. [Center for Ultrafast Optical Science and FOCUS Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Dynamical Experiments Group, Propulsion Division, Soreq NRC, Yavnee 81800 (Israel)

2009-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

25

Modeling Laser Wakefield Accelerators in a Lorentz Boosted Frame  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Modeling Laser Modeling Laser Wakefield Accelerators in a Lorentz Boosted Frame Modeling Laser Wakefield Accelerators in a Lorentz Boosted Frame VayBoost.gif An image showing the "boosted frame," in which the observer moves at near light speed. The laser pulse is represented in blue and red; the wakefields are colored pale blue and yellow. In this frame, the plasma (yellow box) has contracted and the wavefronts are fewer and farther apart, resulting in far fewer calculations and faster results. Why it Matters: Laser driven plasma waves can produce accelerating gradients orders of magnitude greater than standard accelerating structures. High quality electron beams of energy up to 1 GeV have been produced in just a few centimeters and 10-GeV stages being planned as

26

Experimental Plans to Explore Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration in the THZ Regime  

SciTech Connect

Dielectric wakefield accelerators have shown great promise toward high-gradient acceleration. We investigate the performances of a possible experiment under consideration at the FLASH facility in DESY to explore wakefield acceleration with an enhanced transformer ratio. The experiment capitalizes on a unique pulse shaping capability recently demonstrated at this facility. In addition, the facility incorporates a superconducting linear accelerator that could generate bunch trains with closely spaced bunches thereby opening the exploration of potential dynamical effects in dielectric wakefield accelerators.

Lemery, F.; Mihalcea, D.; /Northern Illinois U.; Piot, P.; /Fermilab; Behrens, C.; Elsen, E.; Flottmann, K.; Gerth, C.; Kube, G.; Schmidt, B.; /DESY; Osterhoff, J.; /Hamburg U., Inst. Theor. Phys. II; Stoltz, P.

2011-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

27

Wakefield Simulations for the Laser Acceleration Experiment at SLAC  

SciTech Connect

Laser-driven acceleration in dielectric photonic band gap structures can provide gradients on the order of GeV/m. The small transverse dimension of the structure, on the order of the laser wavelength, presents interesting wakefield-related issues. Higher order modes can seriously degrade beam quality, and a detailed understanding is needed to mitigate such effects. On the other hand, wakefields also provide a direct way to probe the interaction of a relativistic bunch with the synchronous modes supported by the structure. Simulation studies have been carried out as part of the effort to understand the impact on beam dynamics, and to compare with data from beam experiments designed to characterize candidate structures. In this paper, we present simulation results of wakefields excited by a sub-wavelength bunch in optical photonic band gap structures.

Ng, Johnny

2012-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

28

Observation of Enhanced Transformer Ratio in Collinear Wakefield Acceleration  

SciTech Connect

The transformer ratio R is a parameter that characterizes the efficiency of the energy transferred from the drive beam to the trailing witness beam passing through a wakefield accelerating structure (all metal or dielectric based) or a plasma chamber. Using a ramped bunch train (RBT) rather than a single drive bunch, the enhanced transformer ratio (ETR) technique is able to increase the transformer ratio R above the ordinary limit of 2 for a single bunch in a collinear wakefield accelerator. The RBT is a train of electron bunches separated by half integer multiples wavelength of the wakefield. The charge of the leading bunch is lowest and subsequent bunch charges are increased in such a way as to maximize R. In this article, an experimental study of this scheme is presented in which an RBT of 2 bunches with charge ratio of 1:2.5 and bunch length {sigma}z = 2 mm were used to enhance the transformer ratio. Measurement results and data analysis show good agreement with theoretical predictions. The ETR technique demonstrated here can be used in any collinear wakefield accelerator configuration, either structure- or plasma-based.

Jing, C.; Kanareykin, A. [Euclid Techlabs, LLC, Solon, OH-44139 (United States); Power, J.; Conde, M.; Yusof, Z.; Gai, W. [High Energy Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL-60439 (United States)

2006-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

29

Observation of enhanced transformer ratio in collinear Wakefield acceleration.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The transformer ratio R is a parameter that characterizes the efficiency of the energy transferred from the drive beam to the trailing witness beam passing through a wakefield accelerating structure (all metal or dielectric based) or a plasma chamber. Using a ramped bunch train (RBT) rather than a single drive bunch, the enhanced transformer ratio (ETR) technique is able to increase the transformer ratio R above the ordinary limit of 2 for a single bunch in a collinear wakefield accelerator. The RBT is a train of electron bunches separated by half integer multiples wavelength of the wakefield. The charge of the leading bunch is lowest and subsequent bunch charges are increased in such a way as to maximize R. In this article, an experimental study of this scheme is presented in which an RBT of 2 bunches with charge ratio of 1:2.5 and bunch length {sigma}{sub z} = 2 mm were used to enhance the transformer ratio. Measurement results and data analysis show good agreement with theoretical predictions. The ETR technique demonstrated here can be used in any collinear wakefield accelerator configuration, either structure- or plasma-based.

Power, J.; Conde, M.; Yusof, Z.; Gai, W.; Jing, C.; Kanareykin, A.; High Energy Physics; Euclid Techlabs, LLC

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Photocathode Studies at the Argonne Wakefield Accelerator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Quantum Quantum Efficiency Photocathodes for the AWA High Energy Physics Division, ANL Zikri Yusof, Manoel Conde, Felipe Franchini Matt Virgo DOE Review April 26-27 2007 Energy Systems Division, ANL 2 PHOTOCATHODE REQUIREMENT FOR BUNCH TRAIN For the near future, creation of charge bunch train of 16 bunches in a single RF pulse 50 nC 16 micro pulses 5 eV Laser 10 mJ Want 50 nC in each charge microbunch. This is equal to ~ 3×10 11 electrons. * 10 mJ of laser energy per pulse; * Estimate 80% loss due to beam splitter, mirrors, etc.; * Beam is split into 16 micro pulses; * Number of photons in each micro pulse is ~1.5×10 14 . QE of photocathode to be able to supply that amount of charge: % 2 . 0 10 2 10 5 . 1 10 3 3 14 11 = × ≈ × × = - QE Need high QE photocathode - choose Cs 2 Te 770 ps 3 Cs 2 Te RECIPE

31

Dielectric Wakefield Accelerator to drive the future FEL Light Source.  

SciTech Connect

X-ray free-electron lasers (FELs) are expensive instruments and a large part of the cost of the entire facility is driven by the accelerator. Using a high-energy gain dielectric wake-field accelerator (DWA) instead of the conventional accelerator may provide a significant cost saving and reduction of the facility size. In this article, we investigate using a collinear dielectric wakefield accelerator to provide a high repetition rate, high current, high energy beam to drive a future FEL x-ray light source. As an initial case study, a {approx}100 MV/m loaded gradient, 850 GHz quartz dielectric based 2-stage, wakefield accelerator is proposed to generate a main electron beam of 8 GeV, 50 pC/bunch, {approx}1.2 kA of peak current, 10 x 10 kHz (10 beamlines) in just 100 meters with the fill factor and beam loading considered. This scheme provides 10 parallel main beams with one 100 kHz drive beam. A drive-to-main beam efficiency {approx}38.5% can be achieved with an advanced transformer ratio enhancement technique. rf power dissipation in the structure is only 5 W/cm{sup 2} in the high repetition rate, high gradient operation mode, which is in the range of advanced water cooling capability. Details of study presented in the article include the overall layout, the transform ratio enhancement scheme used to increase the drive to main beam efficiency, main wakefield linac design, cooling of the structure, etc.

Jing, C.; Power, J.; Zholents, A. (Accelerator Systems Division (APS)); ( HEP); (LLC)

2011-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

32

A Tunable Dielectric Wakefield Accelerating Structure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a (11-13) GHz dielectric accelerating structure. INTRODUCTION The field of advanced accelerators is in search of novel revolutionary technologies to allow progress in particle...

33

High transformer ratio drive beams for wakefield accelerator studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For wakefield based acceleration schemes, use of an asymmetric (or linearly ramped) drive bunch current profile has been predicted to enhance the transformer ratio and generate large accelerating wakes. We discuss plans and initial results for producing such bunches using the 20 to 23 GeV electron beam at the FACET facility at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and sending them through plasmas and dielectric tubes to generate transformer ratios greater than 2 (the limit for symmetric bunches). The scheme proposed utilizes the final FACET chicane compressor and transverse collimation to shape the longitudinal phase space of the beam.

England, R. J.; Ng, C.-K.; Frederico, J.; Hogan, M. J.; Litos, M.; Muggli, P.; Joshi, C.; An, W.; Andonian, G.; Mori, W.; Lu, W. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States); Max Planck Institute for Physics, 80805 Munich (Germany); University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Tsinghua University, Beijing (China)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

34

Summary Report of Working Group 4: Plasma Wakefield Acceleration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report gives a guide to the discussions of Working Group 4 of the 2010 Advanced Accelerator Concepts Workshop, which was devoted to theory, simulation and experimental issues associated with plasma wakefield acceleration (PWFA). Sessions were organized thematically in this group, concentrating on broad issues of: exploitation of future facilities such as FACET; pushing the accelerating gradient beyond the current frontier, to over a TeV/m; use of positively charged beams to drive plasma wakes; resonant excitation of the PWFA with pulse trains; beam-plasma instabilities; and injection and capture of electron beams into PWFA systems.

Rosenzweig, J.B.; /UCLA; Seryi, A.; /SLAC

2012-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

35

Effects of Ionization in a Laser Wakefield Accelerator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experimental results are presented from studies of the ionization injection process in laser wakefield acceleration using the Hercules laser with laser power up to 100 TW. Gas jet targets consisting of gas mixtures reduced the density threshold required for electron injection and increased the maximum beam charge. Gas mixture targets produced smooth beams even at densities which would produce severe beam breakup in pure He targets and the divergence was found to increase with gas mixture pressure.

McGuffey, C.; Schumaker, W.; Matsuoka, T.; Dollar, F. J.; Chvykov, V.; Kalintchenko, G.; Yanovsky, V.; Thomas, A. G. R.; Maksimchuk, A.; Krushelnick, K. [Center for Ultrafast Optical Science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Kneip, S. [Imperial College London, SW 7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Bychenkov, V. Yu. [P. N. Lebedev Physics Institute, Leninskij prospekt, 53, Moscow (Russian Federation); Glazyrin, I. V.; Karpeev, A. V. [Russian Federal Nuclear Centre All-Russian Institute of Technical Physics, 456770, Snezhinsk, Chelyabinsk Region (Russian Federation)

2010-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

36

Beyond injection: Trojan horse underdense photocathode plasma wakefield acceleration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An overview on the underlying principles of the hybrid plasma wakefield acceleration scheme dubbed 'Trojan Horse' acceleration is given. The concept is based on laser-controlled release of electrons directly into a particle-beam-driven plasma blowout, paving the way for controlled, shapeable electron bunches with ultralow emittance and ultrahigh brightness. Combining the virtues of a low-ionization-threshold underdense photocathode with the GV/m-scale electric fields of a practically dephasing-free beam-driven plasma blowout, this constitutes a 4th generation electron acceleration scheme. It is applicable as a beam brightness transformer for electron bunches from LWFA and PWFA systems alike. At FACET, the proof-of-concept experiment 'E-210: Trojan Horse Plasma Wakefield Acceleration' has recently been approved and is in preparation. At the same time, various LWFA facilities are currently considered to host experiments aiming at stabilizing and boosting the electron bunch output quality via a trojan horse afterburner stage. Since normalized emittance and brightness can be improved by many orders of magnitude, the scheme is an ideal candidate for light sources such as free-electron-lasers and those based on Thomson scattering and betatron radiation alike.

Hidding, B.; Rosenzweig, J. B.; Xi, Y.; O'Shea, B.; Andonian, G.; Schiller, D.; Barber, S.; Williams, O.; Pretzler, G.; Koenigstein, T.; Kleeschulte, F.; Hogan, M. J.; Litos, M.; Corde, S.; White, W. W.; Muggli, P.; Bruhwiler, D. L.; Lotov, K. [Institut fuer Laser- und Plasmaphysik, Heinrich-Heine-Universitaet Duesseldorf 40225 Duesseldorf (Germany) and Particle Beam Physics Laboratory, Department for Physics and Astronomy, UCLA (United States); Particle Beam Physics Laboratory, Department for Physics and Astronomy, UCLA (United States); Institut fuer Laser- und Plasmaphysik, Heinrich-Heine-Universitaet Duesseldorf 40225 Duesseldorf (Germany); Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (United States); Max-Planck-Institut fuer Physik, Muenchen (Germany); Tech-X Corporation, Boulder, Colorado (United States) and 1348 Redwood Ave., Boulder, Colorado 80304 (United States); Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics SB RAS, 630090, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation) and Novosibirsk State University, 630090, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

37

Observation of Enhanced Transformer Ratio in Collinear Wakefield Acceleration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One approach to future high energy particle accelerators is based on the wakefield principle: a leading high-charge drive bunch is used to excite fields in an accelerating structure or plasma that in turn accelerates a trailing low-charge witness bunch. The transformer ratio R is defined as the ratio of the maximum energy gain of the witness bunch to the maximum energy loss of the drive bunch. In general, Rtransformer ratio limitation. We report here the first experimental study of the ramped bunch train (RBT) technique in a dielectric based accelerating structure. A single drive bunch was replaced by two bunches with charge ratio of 1 ratio 2.5 and a separation of 10.5 wavelengths of the fundamental mode. An average measured transformer ratio enhancement by a factor of 1.31 over the single drive bunch case was obtained.

Jing, C.; Kanareykin, A.; Schoessow, P. [Euclid Techlabs LLC, Solon, Ohio 44139 (United States); Power, J. G.; Conde, M.; Yusof, Z.; Gai, W. [High Energy Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois-60439 (United States)

2007-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

38

Ionization Induced Trapping in a Laser Wakefield Accelerator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experimental studies of electrons produced in a laser wakefield accelerator indicate trapping initiated by ionization of target gas atoms. Targets composed of helium and controlled amounts of various gases were found to increase the beam charge by as much as an order of magnitude compared to pure helium at the same electron density and decrease the beam divergence from 5.1+-1.0 to 2.9+-0.8 mrad. The measurements are supported by particle-in-cell modeling including ionization. This mechanism should allow generation of electron beams with lower emittance and higher charge than in preionized gas.

McGuffey, C.; Thomas, A. G. R.; Schumaker, W.; Matsuoka, T.; Chvykov, V.; Dollar, F. J.; Kalintchenko, G.; Yanovsky, V.; Maksimchuk, A.; Krushelnick, K.; Bychenkov, V. Yu.; Glazyrin, I. V.; Karpeev, A. V. [Center for Ultrafast Optical Science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); P. N. Lebedev Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Science, Leninskii Prospect 53, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation); RFNC-VNIITF, Snezhinsk 456770, Chelyabinsk region (Russian Federation)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

39

Increasing the transformer ratio at the Argonne wakefield accelerator.  

SciTech Connect

The transformer ratio is defined as the ratio of the maximum energy gain of the witness bunch to the maximum energy loss experienced by the drive bunch (or a bunch within a multidrive bunch train). This plays an important role in the collinear wakefield acceleration scheme. A high transformer ratio is desirable since it leads to a higher overall efficiency under similar conditions (e.g. the same beam loading, the same structure, etc.). One technique to enhance the transformer ratio beyond the ordinary limit of 2 is to use a ramped bunch train. The first experimental demonstration observed a transformer ratio only marginally above 2 due to the mismatch between the drive microbunch length and the frequency of the accelerating structure [C. Jing, A. Kanareykin, J. Power, M. Conde, Z. Yusof, P. Schoessow, and W. Gai, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 144801 (2007)]. Recently, we revisited this experiment with an optimized microbunch length using a UV laser stacking technique at the Argonne Wakefield Accelerator facility and measured a transformer ratio of 3.4. Measurements and data analysis from these experiments are presented in detail.

Power, J.G.; Conde, M.; Liu, W.; Yusof, Z.; Gai, W.; Jing, C.; Kanareykin, A. (High Energy Physics); (Euclid Techlabs, LLC)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Experimental demonstration of wakefield effects in a THz planar diamond accelerating structure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have directly measured THz wakefields induced by a subpicosecond, intense relativistic electron bunch in a diamond loaded accelerating structure via the wakefield acceleration method. We present here the beam test results from the diamond based structure. Diamond has been chosen for its high breakdown threshold and unique thermoconductive properties. Fields produced by a leading (drive) beam were used to accelerate a trailing (witness) electron bunch, which followed the drive bunch at a variable distance. The energy gain of a witness bunch as a function of its separation from the drive bunch describes the time structure of the generated wakefield.

Antipov, S.; Jing, C. [Euclid Techlabs LLC, Solon, Ohio 44139 (United States); Argonne Wakefield Accelerator Facility, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Kanareykin, A.; Butler, J. E. [Euclid Techlabs LLC, Solon, Ohio 44139 (United States); Yakimenko, V.; Fedurin, M.; Kusche, K. [Accelerator Test Facility, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States); Gai, W. [Argonne Wakefield Accelerator Facility, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

2012-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wakefield accelerator awa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Preformed transient gas channels for laser wakefield particle acceleration  

SciTech Connect

Acceleration of electrons by laser-driven plasma wake fields is limited by the range over which a laser pulse can maintain its intensity. This distance is typically given by the Rayleigh range for the focused laser beam, usually on the order of 0.1 mm to 1 mm. For practical particle acceleration, interaction distances on the order of centimeters are required. Therefore, some means of guiding high intensity laser pulses is necessary. Light intensities on the order of a few times 10{sup 17} W/cm{sup 2} are required for laser wakefield acceleration schemes using near IR radiation. Gas densities on the order of or greater than 10{sup 17} cm{sup {minus}3} are also needed. Laser-atom interaction studies in this density and intensity regime are generally limited by the concomitant problems in beam propagation introduced by the creation of a plasma. In addition to the interaction distance limit imposed by the Rayleigh range, defocusing of the high intensity laser pulse further limits the peak intensity which can be achieved. To solve the problem of beam propagation limitations in laser-plasma wakefield experiments, two potential methods for creating transient propagation channels in gaseous targets are investigated. The first involves creation of a charge-neutral channel in a gas by an initial laser pulse, which then is ionized by a second, ultrashort, high-intensity pulse to create a waveguide. The second method involves the ionization of a gas column by an ultrashort pulse; a transient waveguide is formed by the subsequent expansion of the heated plasma into the neutral gas.

Wood, W.M.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Laser wakefield acceleration experiments at the University of Michigan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Laser wakefield acceleration (LWFA) in a supersonic gas-jet using a self-guided laser pulse was studied by changing the laser power and electron density. The recently upgraded HERCULES laser facility equipped with wavefront correction enables a peak intensity of 8x10{sup 19} W/cm{sup 2} at laser power of 100 TW to be delivered to the gas-jet using f/10 focusing optics. We found that electron beam charge was increased significantly with an increase of the laser power from 30 TW to 80 TW and showed density threshold behavior at a fixed laser power. Betatron motion of electrons was also observed depending on laser power and electron density.

Matsuoka, T.; McGuffey, C.; Horovitz, Y.; Dollar, F.; Bulanov, S. S.; Chvykov, V.; Kalintchenko, G.; Reed, S.; Rousseau, P.; Yanovsky, V.; Maksimchuk, A.; Krushelnick, K. [Center for Ultrafast Optical Science and FOCUS Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Huntington, C. M.; Drake, R. P. [Atmospheric Oceanic and Space Sciences, Space Physics Research Lab., University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Levin, M.; Zigler, A. [Hebrew University, Jerusalem (Israel)

2009-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

43

Experimental laser wakefield acceleration scalings exceeding 100 TW  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Understanding the scaling of laser wakefield acceleration (LWFA) is crucial to the design of potential future systems. A number of computational and theoretical studies have predicted scalings with laser power for various parameters, but experimental studies have typically been limited to small parameter ranges. Here, we detail extensive measurements of LWFA experiments conducted over a considerable range in power from 20 to 110 TW, which allows for a greater plasma density range and for a large number of data points. These measurements include scalings of the electron beam charge and maximum energy as functions of density as well as injection threshold density, beam charge, and total beam energy as functions of laser power. The observed scalings are consistent with theoretical understandings of operation in the bubble regime.

McGuffey, C.; Matsuoka, T.; Schumaker, W.; Dollar, F.; Zulick, C.; Chvykov, V.; Kalintchenko, G.; Yanovsky, V.; Maksimchuk, A.; Thomas, A. G. R.; Krushelnick, K. [Center for Ultrafast Optical Science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Kneip, S.; Najmudin, Z. [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, London SW7 2BZ (United Kingdom)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

44

Calculation of wakefields in a 17 GHz beam-driven photonic band-gap accelerator structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the theoretical analysis and computer simulation of the wakefields in a 17 GHz photonic band-gap (PBG) structure for accelerator applications. Using the commercial code CST Particle Studio, the fundamental ...

Hu, Min

45

Two Channel Dielectric-Lined Rectangular High Transformer Ratio Accelerator Structure Experiment  

SciTech Connect

Current status of a two-channel cm-scale rectangular dielectric lined wakefield accelerator structure is described. This structure is installed at the Argonne Wakefield Accelerator facility (AWA), and is presently being evaluated. The device has a transformer ratio of {approx}12.5:1. When driven by a {approx}50 nC single drive bunch it is expected to obtain {approx}6 MV/m acceleration gradient. Related issues are discussed.

Shchelkunov, S. V.; LaPointe, M. A. [Beam Physics Laboratory, Yale University, 272 Whitney Avenue, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States); Hirshfield, J. L. [Beam Physics Laboratory, Yale University, 272 Whitney Avenue, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States); Omega-P, Inc., 258 Bradley St., New Haven, CT 06510 (United States); Marshall, T. C. [Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 (United States); Omega-P, Inc., 258 Bradley St., New Haven, CT 06510 (United States); Sotnikov, G. [NSC Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology, Kharkov (Ukraine); Omega-P, Inc., 258 Bradley St., New Haven, CT 06510 (United States); Gai, Wei; Conde, M.; Power, J.; Mihalcea, D. [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States)

2010-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

46

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Useful Links Useful Links Argonne National Laboratory Accelerator Sites Conferences Advanced Photon Source (APS) Argonne Wakefield Accelerator (AWA) Argonne Tandem Linear Accelerator System (ATLAS) High Energy Physics Division RIA (????) Link to JACoW (Joint Accelerator Conferences Website) Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory Fermilab-Argonne Collaboration Accelerator Physics Center Workshops Other Accelerator Institutes Energy Recovering Linacs Center for Advance Studies of Accelerators (Jefferson Labs) Center for Beam Physics (LBNL) Accelerator Test Facility (BNL) The Cockcroft Institute (Daresbury, UK) John Adams Institute (Rutherford, UK) ERL2009 to be held at Cornell ERL2007 ERL2005 DOE Laboratory with Accelerators Fermilab Stanford Linear Accelerator Center Brookhaven National Laboratory

47

Properties of Trapped Electron Bunches in a Plasma Wakefield Accelerator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Plasma-based accelerators use the propagation of a drive bunch through plasma to create large electric fields. Recent plasma wakefield accelerator (PWFA) experiments, carried out at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC), successfully doubled the energy for some of the 42 GeV drive bunch electrons in less than a meter; this feat would have required 3 km in the SLAC linac. This dissertation covers one phenomenon associated with the PWFA, electron trapping. Recently it was shown that PWFAs, operated in the nonlinear bubble regime, can trap electrons that are released by ionization inside the plasma wake and accelerate them to high energies. These trapped electrons occupy and can degrade the accelerating portion of the plasma wake, so it is important to understand their origins and how to remove them. Here, the onset of electron trapping is connected to the drive bunch properties. Additionally, the trapped electron bunches are observed with normalized transverse emittance divided by peak current, {epsilon}{sub N,x}/I{sub t}, below the level of 0.2 {micro}m/kA. A theoretical model of the trapped electron emittance, developed here, indicates that the emittance scales inversely with the square root of the plasma density in the non-linear 'bubble' regime of the PWFA. This model and simulations indicate that the observed values of {epsilon}{sub N,x}/I{sub t} result from multi-GeV trapped electron bunches with emittances of a few {micro}m and multi-kA peak currents. These properties make the trapped electrons a possible particle source for next generation light sources. This dissertation is organized as follows. The first chapter is an overview of the PWFA, which includes a review of the accelerating and focusing fields and a survey of the remaining issues for a plasma-based particle collider. Then, the second chapter examines the physics of electron trapping in the PWFA. The third chapter uses theory and simulations to analyze the properties of the trapped electron bunches. Chapters four and five present the experimental diagnostics and measurements for the trapped electrons. Next, the sixth chapter introduces suggestions for future trapped electron experiments. Then, Chapter seven contains the conclusions. In addition, there is an appendix chapter that covers a topic which is extraneous to electron trapping, but relevant to the PWFA. This chapter explores the feasibility of one idea for the production of a hollow channel plasma, which if produced could solve some of the remaining issues for a plasma-based collider.

Kirby, Neil; /SLAC

2009-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

48

Two GeV Electrons Achieved by Laser Plasma Wakefield Acceleration | U.S.  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Two GeV Electrons Achieved by Laser Plasma Wakefield Acceleration Two GeV Electrons Achieved by Laser Plasma Wakefield Acceleration High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees News & Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3624 F: (301) 903-2597 E: sc.hep@science.doe.gov More Information » July 2013 Two GeV Electrons Achieved by Laser Plasma Wakefield Acceleration Scientists at University of Texas, Austin, accelerate electrons to 2 GeV in table top apparatus. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Click to enlarge photo. Enlarge Photo Image courtesy of Neil Fazel The inside of the University of Texas, Austin, vacuum chamber where

49

Modeling laser wakefield accelerators in a Lorentz boosted frame  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Modeling of laser-plasma wakefield accelerators in an optimal frame of reference is shown to produce orders of magnitude speed-up of calculations from first principles. Obtaining these speedups requires mitigation of a high-frequency instability that otherwise limits effectiveness in addition to solutions for handling data input and output in a relativistically boosted frame of reference. The observed high-frequency instability is mitigated using methods including an electromagnetic solver with tunable coefficients, its extension to accomodate Perfectly Matched Layers and Friedman's damping algorithms, as well as an efficient large bandwidth digital filter. It is shown that choosing the frame of the wake as the frame of reference allows for higher levels of filtering and damping than is possible in other frames for the same accuracy. Detailed testing also revealed serendipitously the existence of a singular time step at which the instability level is minimized, independently of numerical dispersion, thus indicating that the observed instability may not be due primarily to Numerical Cerenkov as has been conjectured. The techniques developed for Cerenkov mitigation prove nonetheless to be very efficient at controlling the instability. Using these techniques, agreement at the percentage level is demonstrated between simulations using different frames of reference, with speedups reaching two orders of magnitude for a 0.1 GeV class stages. The method then allows direct and efficient full-scale modeling of deeply depleted laser-plasma stages of 10 GeV-1 TeV for the first time, verifying the scaling of plasma accelerators to very high energies. Over 4, 5 and 6 orders of magnitude speedup is achieved for the modeling of 10 GeV, 100 GeV and 1 TeV class stages, respectively.

Vay, J.-L.; Geddes, C.G.R.; Cormier-Michel, E.; Grotec, D. P.

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

50

Modeling laser wakefield accelerators in a Lorentz boosted frame  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Modeling of laser-plasma wakefield accelerators in an optimal frame of reference [1] is shown to produce orders of magnitude speed-up of calculations from first principles. Obtaining these speedups requires mitigation of a high frequency instability that otherwise limits effectiveness in addition to solutions for handling data input and output in a relativistically boosted frame of reference. The observed high-frequency instability is mitigated using methods including an electromagnetic solver with tunable coefficients, its extension to accomodate Perfectly Matched Layers and Friedman's damping algorithms, as well as an efficient large bandwidth digital filter. It is shown that choosing theframe of the wake as the frame of reference allows for higher levels of filtering and damping than is possible in other frames for the same accuracy. Detailed testing also revealed serendipitously the existence of a singular time step at which the instability level is minimized, independently of numerical dispersion, thus indicating that the observed instability may not be due primarily to Numerical Cerenkov as has been conjectured. The techniques developed for Cerenkov mitigation prove nonetheless to be very efficient at controlling the instability. Using these techniques, agreement at the percentage level is demonstrated between simulations using different frames of reference, with speedups reaching two orders of magnitude for a 0.1 GeV class stages. The method then allows direct and efficient full-scale modeling of deeply depleted laser-plasma stages of 10 GeV-1 TeV for the first time, verifying the scaling of plasma accelerators to very high energies. Over 4, 5 and 6 orders of magnitude speedup is achieved for the modeling of 10 GeV, 100 GeV and 1 TeV class stages, respectively.

Vay, J.-L.; Geddes, C.G.R.; Cormier-Michel, E.; Grote, D.P.

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

51

Numerical methods for instability mitigation in the modeling of laser wakefield accelerators in a Lorentz-boosted frame  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Modeling of laser-plasma wakefield accelerators in an optimal frame of reference [1] has been shown to produce orders of magnitude speed-up of calculations from first principles. Obtaining these speedups required mitigation of a high-frequency instability ... Keywords: Boosted frame, Laser wakefield acceleration, Numerical instability, Particle-in-cell, Plasma simulation, Special relativity

J. -L. Vay; C. G. R. Geddes; E. Cormier-Michel; D. P. Grote

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Characteristics of a tapered capillary plasma waveguide for laser wakefield acceleration  

SciTech Connect

We developed a gas-filled capillary with a tapered density for laser wakefield acceleration, of which the tapering was realized by employing gas feed-lines with different cross-sections. Plasma diagnostics show that the capillary plasma has a significant longitudinal density tapering and a transverse parabolic profile. By using the tapered capillary plasma, high transmission (over 90%) of laser beams, meaning good optical guiding, was observed. These results demonstrate the potential of the tapered plasma source for high-energy laser wakefield acceleration, where the dephasing problem is minimized.

Kim, M. S.; Jang, D. G.; Lee, T. H.; Nam, I. H. [Department of Physics and Photon Science, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), Cheomdan-gwagiro, Buk-gu, Gwangju 500-712 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Physics and Photon Science, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), Cheomdan-gwagiro, Buk-gu, Gwangju 500-712 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, I. W.; Suk, H. [Department of Physics and Photon Science, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), Cheomdan-gwagiro, Buk-gu, Gwangju 500-712 (Korea, Republic of) [Department of Physics and Photon Science, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), Cheomdan-gwagiro, Buk-gu, Gwangju 500-712 (Korea, Republic of); APRI, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), Cheomdan-gwagiro, Buk-gu, Gwangju 500-712 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

53

Modeling beam-driven and laser-driven plasma Wakefield accelerators with XOOPIC  

SciTech Connect

We present 2-D particle-in-cell simulations of both beam-driven and laser-driven plasma wakefield accelerators, using the object-oriented code XOOPIC, which is time explicit, fully electromagnetic, and capable of running on massively parallel supercomputers. Simulations of laser-driven wakefields with low ({approximately} 10{sup 16} W/cm{sup 2}) and high ({approximately} 10{sup 18} W/cm{sup 2}) peak intensity laser pulses are conducted in slab geometry, showing agreement with theory. Simulations of the E-157 beam wakefield experiment at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, in which a 30 GeV electron beam passes through 1 m of preionized lithium plasma, are conducted in cylindrical geometry, obtaining good agreement with previous work. We briefly describe some of the more significant modifications to XOOPIC required by this work, and summarize the issues relevant to modeling electron-neutral collisions in a particle-in-cell code.

Bruhwiler, David L.; Giacone, Rodolfo; Cary, John R.; Verboncoeur, John P.; Mardahl, Peter; Esarey, Eric; Leemans, Wim

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Kelvin probe studies of cesium telluride photocathode for the AWA photoinjector  

SciTech Connect

Cesium telluride is an important photocathode as an electron source for particle accelerators. It has a relatively high quantum efficiency (> 1%), is robust in a photoinjector, and long lifetime. This photocathode is fabricated in-house for a new Argonne Wakefield Accelerator (AWA) beamline to produce high charge per bunch ({approx}50 nC) in a long bunch train. We present some results from a study of the work function of cesium telluride photocathode using the Kelvin Probe technique. The study includes an investigation of the correlation between the quantum efficiency and the work function, the effect of photocathode aging, the effect of UV light exposure on the work function, and the evolution of the work function during and after photocathode rejuvenation via heating.

Velazquez, D.; Wisniewski, E. E.; Yusof, Z.; Harkay, K.; Spentzouris, L.; Terry, J. [Physics Department at Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, IL 60616 and High Energy Physics Division at Argonne National Laboratory, Lemont, IL 60439 (United States); High Energy Physics Division at Argonne National Laboratory, Lemont, IL 60439 (United States); Accelerator Science Division at Argonne National Laboratory, Lemont, IL 60439 (United States); Physics Department at Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, IL 60616 (United States)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

55

Scaling of the Longitudinal Electric Field and Transformer Ratio in a Nonlinear Plasma Wakefield Accelerator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The scaling of the two important figures of merit, the transformer ratio T and the longitudinal electric field E{sub z}, with the peak drive-bunch current I{sub p}, in a nonlinear plasma wakefield accelerator is presented for the first time. The longitudinal field scales as I{sub P}{sup 0.623{+-}0.007}, in good agreement with nonlinear wakefield theory ({approx}I{sub P}{sup 0.5}), while the unloaded transformer ratio is shown to be greater than unity and scales weakly with the bunch current. The effect of bunch head erosion on both parameters is also discussed.

Blumenfeld, I.; /SLAC; Clayton, C.E.; /UCLA; Decker, F.J.; Hogan, M.J.; /SLAC; Huang, C.; /UCLA; Ischebeck, R.; Iverson, R.H.; /SLAC; Joshi, C.; /UCLA; Katsouleas, T.; /Southern California U.; Kirby, N.; /SLAC; Lu, W.; Marsh, K.A.; Mori, W.B.; /UCLA; Muggli, P.; Oz, E.; /Southern California U.; Siemann, R.H.; Walz, D.R.; /SLAC; Zhou, M.; /UCLA

2012-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

56

Numerical Verification of the Power Transfer and Wakefield Coupling in the Clic Two-Beam Accelerator  

SciTech Connect

The Compact Linear Collider (CLIC) provides a path to a multi-TeV accelerator to explore the energy frontier of High Energy Physics. Its two-beam accelerator (TBA) concept envisions complex 3D structures, which must be modeled to high accuracy so that simulation results can be directly used to prepare CAD drawings for machining. The required simulations include not only the fundamental mode properties of the accelerating structures but also the Power Extraction and Transfer Structure (PETS), as well as the coupling between the two systems. Time-domain simulations will be performed to understand pulse formation, wakefield damping, fundamental power transfer and wakefield coupling in these structures. Applying SLAC's parallel finite element code suite, these large-scale problems will be solved on some of the largest supercomputers available. The results will help to identify potential issues and provide new insights on the design, leading to further improvements on the novel two-beam accelerator scheme.

Candel, Arno; Li, Z.; Ng, C.; Rawat, V.; Schussman, G.; Ko, K.; /SLAC; Syratchev, I.; Grudiev, A.; Wuensch, W.; /CERN

2011-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

57

Modeling laser wakefield accelerator experiments with ultrafast particle-in-cell simulations in boosted frames  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of new laser systems at the 10 Petawatt range will push laser wakefield accelerators to novel regimes, for which theoretical scalings predict the possibility to accelerate electron bunches up to tens of GeVs in meter-scale plasmas. Numerical simulations will play a crucial role in testing, probing, and optimizing the physical parameters and the setup of future experiments. Fully kinetic simulations are computationally very demanding, pushing the limits of today's supercomputers. In this paper, the recent developments in the OSIRIS framework [R. A. Fonseca et al., Lect. Notes Comput. Sci. 2331, 342 (2002)] are described, in particular the boosted frame scheme, which leads to a dramatic change in the computational resources required to model laser wakefield accelerators. Results from one-to-one modeling of the next generation of laser systems are discussed, including the confirmation of electron bunch acceleration to the energy frontier.

Martins, S. F.; Fonseca, R. A.; Vieira, J.; Silva, L. O. [GoLP/Instituto de Plasmas e Fusao Nuclear-Laboratorio Associado, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Lisbon (Portugal); Lu, W.; Mori, W. B. [University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

58

Beam dynamics and wakefield simulations of the double grating accelerating structure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Laser-driven acceleration in dielectric structures can provide gradients on the order of GeV/m. The small transverse dimension and tiny feature sizes introduce challenges in design, fabrication, and simulation studies of these structures. In this paper we present the results of beam dynamic simulation and short range longitudinal wakefield simulation of the double grating structure. We show the linear trend of acceleration in a dielectric accelerator design and calculate the maximum achievable gradient equal to 0.47E{sub 0} where E0 is maximum electric field of the laser excitation. On the other hand, using wakefield simulations, we show that the loss factor of the structure with 400nm gap size will be 0.12GV/m for a 10fC, 100as electron bunch which is an order of magnitude less than expected gradient near damage threshold of the device.

Najafabadi, B. Montazeri; Byer, R. L.; Ng, C. K.; England, R. J.; Peralta, E. A.; Soong, K.; Noble, R.; Wu, Z. [Stanford University, Stanford, CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

59

Beam Test of a Tunable Dielectric Wakefield Accelerator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

using the first tunable dielectric loaded accelerating structure. Dielectric-based accelerators are generally lacking in approaches to tune the frequency after fabrication....

60

Benchmarking the codes VORPAL, OSIRIS, and QuickPIC with Laser Wakefield Acceleration Simulations  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Three-dimensional laser wakefield acceleration (LWFA) simulations have recently been performed to benchmark the commonly used particle-in-cell (PIC) codes VORPAL, OSIRIS, and QuickPIC. The simulations were run in parallel on over 100 processors, using parameters relevant to LWFA with ultra-short Ti-Sapphire laser pulses propagating in hydrogen gas. Both first-order and second-order particle shapes were employed. We present the results of this benchmarking exercise, and show that accelerating gradients from full PIC agree for all values of a0 and that full and reduced PIC agree well for values of a0 approaching 4.

Paul, Kevin; Huang, C.; Bruhwiler, D.L.; Mori, W.B.; Tsung, F.S.; Cormier-Michel, E.; Geddes, C.G.R.; Cowan, B.; Cary, J.R.; Esarey, E.; Fonseca, R.A.; Martins, S.F.; Silva, L.O.

2008-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wakefield accelerator awa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Results from the Argonne Wakefield Accelerator Test Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Beams 1, 041302, 1998. 2. N. Barov, et al, Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators And Beams, Volume 3, 011301 (2000) 3. P. Schoessow et al, Journal of Applied...

62

Laser-PlasmaWakefield Acceleration with Higher Order Laser Modes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design considerations for a laser-plasma linear collider,"E.Esarey, and W.P.Leemans, "Free-electron laser driven bythe LBNL laser-plasma accelerator," in Proc. Adv. Acc. Con.

Geddes, C.G.R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Scaling of Energy Gain with Plasma Parameters in a Plasma Wakefield Accelerator  

SciTech Connect

We have recently demonstrating the doubling of the energy of particles of the ultra-short, ultra-relativistic electron bunches of the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center [1]. This energy doubling occurred in a plasma only 85 cm-long with a density of {approx} 2.6 x 10{sup 17} e{sup -}/cm{sup -3}. This milestone is the result of systematic measurements that show the scaling of the energy gain with plasma length and density, and show the reproducibility and the stability of the acceleration process. We show that the energy gain increases linearly with plasma length from 13 to 31 cm. These are key steps toward the application of beam-driven plasma accelerators or plasma wakefield accelerators (PWFA) to doubling the energy of a future linear collider without doubling its length.

Blumenfeld, I.; Decker, F.J.; Hogan, M.J.; Ischebeck, R.; Iverson, R.H.; Kirby, N.A.; Siemann, Robert H.; Walz, D.R.; /SLAC; Clayton, C.E.; Huang, C.; Joshi, C.; Lu, W.; Marsh, K.A.; Mori, W.B.; Zhou, M.; /UCLA; Katsouleas, T.C.; Muggli, P.; Oz, E.; /Southern California U.

2008-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

64

High Frequency, High Gradient Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration Experiments at SLAC and BNL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Given the recent success of >GV/m dielectric wakefield accelerator (DWA) breakdown experiments at SLAC, and follow-on coherent Cerenkov radiation production at the UCLA Neptune, a UCLA-USC-SLAC collaboration is now implementing a new set of experiments that explore various DWA scenarios. These experiments are motivated by the opportunities presented by the approval of FACET facility at SLAC, as well as unique pulse-train wakefield drivers at BNL. The SLAC experiments permit further exploration of the multi-GeV/m envelope in DWAs, and will entail investigations of novel materials (e.g. CVD diamond) and geometries (Bragg cylindrical structures, slab-symmetric DWAs), and have an over-riding goal of demonstrating >GeV acceleration in {approx}33 cm DWA tubes. In the nearer term before FACET's commissioning, we are planning measurements at the BNL ATF, in which we drive {approx}50-200 MV/m fields with single pulses or pulse trains. These experiments are of high relevance to enhancing linear collider DWA designs, as they will demonstrate potential for efficient operation with pulse trains.

Rosenzweig, James; /UCLA; Travish, Gil; /UCLA; Hogan, Mark; /SLAC; Muggli, Patric; /Southern California U.

2012-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

65

Controlling the betatron oscillations of a wakefield-accelerated electron beam by temporally asymmetric laser pulses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations, we investigated the electron beam's transverse oscillations by temporally asymmetric laser pulses in laser wakefield acceleration. Of particular interest in this article are the effects of ultrashort laser pulses having sharp rising and slow falling time scales. In this situation, the accelerated electron beam interacts directly with the laser field and undergoes transverse oscillations due to a phase-slip with the laser field. This oscillation can be matched with the betatron oscillation due to the focusing force of the ions, which can lead to a large transverse oscillation amplitude due to the resonance between them. Furthermore, in this case, the electron beam can be microbunched at the laser wavelength, which may provide the possibility for generation of a coherent synchrotron radiation.

Nam, Inhyuk [Graduate Program of Photonics and Applied Physics, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), Gwangju 500-712 (Korea, Republic of); Hur, Min Sup [School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), Ulsan 689-798 (Korea, Republic of); Uhm, Han Sup [Electrophysics Department, Kwangwoon University, Seoul 139-701 (Korea, Republic of); Advanced Photonics Research Institute, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), Gwangju 500-712 (Korea, Republic of); Hafz, Nasr A. M.; Suk, Hyyong [Advanced Photonics Research Institute, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), Gwangju 500-712 (Korea, Republic of)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

66

Exploiting multi-scale parallelism for large scale numerical modelling of laser wakefield accelerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new generation of laser wakefield accelerators, supported by the extreme accelerating fields generated in the interaction of PW-Class lasers and underdense targets, promises the production of high quality electron beams in short distances for multiple applications. Achieving this goal will rely heavily on numerical modeling for further understanding of the underlying physics and identification of optimal regimes, but large scale modeling of these scenarios is computationally heavy and requires efficient use of state-of-the-art Petascale supercomputing systems. We discuss the main difficulties involved in running these simulations and the new developments implemented in the OSIRIS framework to address these issues, ranging from multi-dimensional dynamic load balancing and hybrid distributed / shared memory parallelism to the vectorization of the PIC algorithm. We present the results of the OASCR Joule Metric program on the issue of large scale modeling of LWFA, demonstrating speedups of over 1 order of magni...

Fonseca, Ricardo A; Fiza, Frederico; Davidson, Asher; Tsung, Frank S; Mori, Warren B; Silva, Lus O

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Simulations of laser-wakefield acceleration with external electron-bunch injection for REGAE experiments at DESY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present particle-in-cell simulations for future laser-plasma wakefield experiments with external bunch injection at the REGAE accelerator facility at DESY, Hamburg, Germany. Two effects have been studied in detail: emittance evolution of electron bunches externally injected into a wake, and longitudinal bunch compression inside the wakefield. Results show significant transverse emittance growth during the injection process, if the electron bunch is not matched to its intrinsic betatron motion inside the wakefield. This might introduce the necessity to include beam-matching sections upstream of each plasma-accelerator section with fundamental implications on the design of staged laser wakefield accelerators. When externally injected at the zero-field crossing of the laser-driven wake, the electron bunch may undergo significant compression in longitudinal direction and be accelerated simultaneously due to the gradient in the acting force. The mechanism would allow for production of single high-energy, ultra-short (on the order of one femtosecond) bunches at REGAE. The optimal conditions for maximal bunch compression are discussed in the presented studies.

Grebenyuk, Julia; Mehrling, Timon; Tsung, Frank S.; Floettman, Klaus; Osterhoff, Jens [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, 22607 Hamburg (Germany); Institut fuer Experimentalphysik, Universitaet Hamburg, 22761 Hamburg (Germany); University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, 22607 Hamburg (Germany); Institut fuer Experimentalphysik, Universitaet Hamburg, 22761 Hamburg (Germany)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

68

Analytic model of electron self-injection in a plasma wakefield accelerator in the strongly nonlinear bubble regime  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Self-injection of background electrons in plasma wakefield accelerators in the highly nonlinear bubble regime is analyzed using particle-in-cell and semi-analytic modeling. It is shown that the return current in the bubble sheath layer is crucial for accurate determination of the trapped particle trajectories.

Yi, S. A.; Khudik, V.; Siemon, C.; Shvets, G. [Department of Physics and Institute for Fusion Studies, University of Texas at Austin, One University Station C1500, Austin, Texas (United States)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

69

GeV Wakefield acceleration of low energy electron bunches using Petawatt lasers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The possibility of accelerating electrons to the GeV level using a Petawatt laser focused in a uniform plasma is investigated. The proposed scheme relies on the wakefield acceleration of an electron bunch from a state-of-the-art radio-frequency accelerator. Using an analytical model as well as numerical simulations performed with WAKE [P. Mora and T. M. Antonsen, Phys. Plasmas 4, 217 (1997)], a systematical study of the injector parameters is carried out. In particular, it is found that the quality of the accelerated electron bunch--in terms of bunch length and energy spread--depends crucially on the injection energy. Injection energies of a few MeV lead to a GeV electron beam with sub-100 fs bunches and 10% energy spreads. Most of the features of the acceleration process can be explained within the linear response framework, including both the reduction of energy spread and bunch length at low injection energies. The role of nonlinear effects is discussed.

Lifschitz, A.F.; Faure, J.; Malka, V.; Mora, P. [Laboratoire d'Optique Appliquee, Ecole Polytechnique, ENSTA, CNRS, UMR 7639, 91761 Palaiseau (France); Laboratoire de Physique Theorique, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS, UMR 7644, 91128 Palaiseau (France)

2005-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

70

The UCLA/SLAC Ultra-High Gradient Cerenkov Wakefield Accelerator Experiment  

SciTech Connect

An experiment is planned to study the performance of dielectric Cerenkov wakefield accelerating structures at extremely high gradients in the GV/m range. This new UCLA/SLAC/USC collaboration will take advantage of the unique SLAC FFTB electron beam and its demonstrated ultra-short pulse lengths and high currents (e.g., {delta}{sub z} = 20 {micro}m at Q = 3 nC). The electron beam will be focused down and sent through varying lengths of fused silica capillary tubing with two different sizes: ID = 200 {micro}m/OD = 325 {micro}m and ID = 100 {micro}m/OD = 325 {micro}m. The pulse length of the electron beam will be varied in order to alter the accelerating gradient and probe the breakdown threshold of the dielectric structures. In addition to breakdown studies, we plan to collect and measure coherent Cerenkov radiation emitted from the capillary tube to gain information about the strength of the accelerating fields.

Thompson, M.C.; Badakov, H.; Rosenzweig, J.B.; Travish, G.; /UCLA; Hogan, M.; Ischebec, R.; Siemann, R.; Walz, D.; /SLAC; Scott, A.; /UC, Santa Barbara; Yoder, R.; /Manhattan Coll., Riverdale

2006-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

71

Wakefield and RF Kicks Due to Coupler Asymmetry in TESLA-Type Accelerating Cavities  

SciTech Connect

In a future linear collider, such as the International Linear Collider (ILC), trains of high current, low emittance bunches will be accelerated in a linac before colliding at the interaction point. Asymmetries in the accelerating cavities of the linac will generate fields that will kick the beam transversely and degrade the beam emittance and thus the collider performance. In the main linac of the ILC, which is filled with TESLA-type superconducting cavities, it is the fundamental (FM) and higher mode (HM) couplers that are asymmetric and thus the source of such kicks. The kicks are of two types: one, due to (the asymmetry in) the fundamental RF fields and the other, due to transverse wakefields that are generated by the beam even when it is on axis. In this report we calculate the strength of these kicks and estimate their effect on the ILC beam. The TESLA cavity comprises nine cells, one HM coupler in the upstream end, and one (identical, though rotated) HM coupler and one FM coupler in the downstream end (for their shapes and location see Figs. 1, 2) [1]. The cavity is 1.1 m long, the iris radius 35 mm, and the coupler beam pipe radius 39 mm. Note that the couplers reach closer to the axis than the irises, down to a distance of 30 mm.

Bane, K.L.F.; Adolphsen, C.; Li, Z.; /SLAC; Dohlus, M.; Zagorodnov, I.; /DESY; Gonin, I.; Lunin, A.; Solyak, N.; Yakovlev, V.; /Fermilab; Gjonaj, E.; Weiland, T.; /Darmstadt, Tech. Hochsch.

2008-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

72

Design of 10 GeV laser wakefield accelerator stages with shaped laser modes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DESIGN OF 10 GEV LASER WAKEFIELD ACCELERATORSTAGES WITH SHAPED LASER MODES ? E. Cormier-Michel, E.PAL framework, of 10 GeV laser plasma wake?eld ac- celerator

Cormier-Michel, Estelle

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Studies of laser wakefield structures and electron acceleration in underdense plasmasa...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a0 1 can be estimated as E eEwfLdph, where Ewf ne cm-3 V/cm is the plasma wave amplitude, providing energy observed in the experi- ment. The corresponding wakefield amplitudes are Ewf=0.32 GV/cm and Ewf=0 amplitude dependence Ewf ne and hence electron energy gain on plasma density and for the dephasing lengths

Shvets, Gennady

74

--No Title--  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Search Argonne ... Search Argonne Home > High Energy Physics Division > AWA > Wakefields > AWA Home Page AWA Activities AWA Facilities AWA Group Meetings AWA News AWA QR Codes AWA...

75

Laser triggered injection of electrons in a laser wakefield accelerator with the colliding pulse method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Laser Triggered Injection ofElectrons in a Laser Wake?eld Accelerator with the CollidingAn injection scheme for a laser wake?eld accelerator that

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Laser Guiding at Relativistic Intensities and Wakefield Particle Acceleration in Plasma Channels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pulsed, THz radiation from laser accelerated relativisticGuiding of Relativistic Laser Pulses by Plasma Channels,"Wake Fields by Colliding Laser Pulses,"Phys. Rev. Lett.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Undulator-Based Laser Wakefield Accelerator Electron Beam Energy Spread and Emittance Diagnostic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The design and current status of experiments to couple the Tapered Hybrid Undulator (THUNDER) to the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) laser plasma accelerator (LPA) to measure electron beam energy spread and emittance are presented.

Bakeman, M.S.; Van Tilborg, J.; Nakamura, K.; Gonsalves, A.; Osterhoff, J.; Sokollik, T.; Lin, C.; Robinson, K.E.; Schroeder, C.B.; Toth, Cs.; Weingartner, R.; Gruner, F.; Esarey, E.; Leemans, W.P.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Generation of tunable, 100-800 MeV quasi-monoenergetic electron beams from a laser-wakefield accelerator in the blowout regime  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present results on a scalable high-energy electron source based on laser wakefield acceleration. The electron accelerator using 30-80 TW, 30 fs laser pulses, operates in the blowout regime, and produces high-quality, quasi-monoenergetic electron beams in the range 100-800 MeV. These beams have angular divergence of 1-4 mrad, and 5%-25% energy spread, with a resulting brightness 10{sup 11} electrons mm{sup -2} MeV{sup -1} mrad{sup -2}. The beam parameters can be tuned by varying the laser and plasma conditions. The use of a high-quality laser pulse and appropriate target conditions enables optimization of beam quality, concentrating a significant fraction of the accelerated charge into the quasi-monoenergetic component.

Banerjee, S.; Powers, N. D.; Ramanathan, V.; Ghebregziabher, I.; Brown, K. J.; Maharjan, C. M.; Chen, S.; Umstadter, D. P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588-0299 (United States); Beck, A.; Lefebvre, E.; Kalmykov, S. Y.; Shadwick, B. A. [CEA, DAM, DIF, 91297 Arpajon Cedex (France)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

79

LASER WAKEFIELD ACCELERATION BEYOND 1 GeV USING IONIZATION INDUCED INJECTION*  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A series of laser wake field accelerator experiments leading to electron energy exceeding 1 GeV are described. Theoretical concepts and experimental methods developed while conducting experiments using the 10 TW Ti:Sapphire laser at UCLA were implemented and transferred successfully to the 100 TW Callisto Laser System at the Jupiter Laser Facility at LLNL. To reach electron energies greater than 1 GeV with current laser systems, it is necessary to inject and trap electrons into the wake and to guide the laser for more than 1 cm of plasma. Using the 10 TW laser, the physics of self-guiding and the limitations in regards to pump depletion over cm-scale plasmas were demonstrated. Furthermore, a novel injection mechanism was explored which allows injection by ionization at conditions necessary for generating electron energies greater than a GeV. The 10 TW results were followed by self-guiding at the 100 TW scale over cm plasma lengths. The energy of the self-injected electrons, at 3 x 10{sup 18} cm{sup -3} plasma density, was limited by dephasing to 720 MeV. Implementation of ionization injection allowed extending the acceleration well beyond a centimeter and 1.4 GeV electrons were measured.

Marsh, K A; Clayton, C E; Joshi, C; Lu, W; Mori, W B; Pak, A; silva, L O; Lemos, N; Fonseca, R A; de Freitas, S; Albert, F; Doeppner, T; Filip, C; Froula, D; Glenzer, S H; Price, D; Ralph, J; Pollock, B B

2011-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

80

Formation of electrostatic structures by wakefield acceleration in ultrarelativistic plasma flows: Electron acceleration to cosmic ray energies  

SciTech Connect

The ever increasing performance of supercomputers is now enabling kinetic simulations of extreme astrophysical and laser produced plasmas. Three-dimensional particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations of relativistic shocks have revealed highly filamented spatial structures and their ability to accelerate particles to ultrarelativistic speeds. However, these PIC simulations have not yet revealed mechanisms that could produce particles with tera-electron volt energies and beyond. In this work, PIC simulations in one dimension (1D) of the foreshock region of an internal shock in a gamma ray burst are performed to address this issue. The large spatiotemporal range accessible to a 1D simulation enables the self-consistent evolution of proton phase space structures that can accelerate particles to giga-electron volt energies in the jet frame of reference, and to tens of tera-electron volt in the Earth's frame of reference. One potential source of ultrahigh energy cosmic rays may thus be the thermalization of relativistically moving plasma.

Dieckmann, M.E.; Shukla, P.K.; Eliasson, B. [Institute of Theoretical Physics IV, Ruhr-University Bochum, D-44780 Bochum (Germany)

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wakefield accelerator awa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Transverse self-modulation of ultra-relativistic lepton beams in the plasma wakefield accelerator  

SciTech Connect

The transverse self-modulation of ultra-relativistic, long lepton bunches in high-density plasmas is explored through full-scale particle-in-cell simulations. We demonstrate that long SLAC-type electron and positron bunches can become strongly radially self-modulated over centimeter distances, leading to wake excitation in the blowout regime with accelerating fields in excess of 20 GV/m. We show that particles energy variations exceeding 10 GeV can occur in meter-long plasmas. We find that the self-modulation of positively and negatively charged bunches differs when the blowout is reached. Seeding the self-modulation instability mitigates the effect of the competing hosing instability. This work reveals that a proof-of-principle experiment to test the physics of bunch self-modulation can be performed with available lepton bunches and with existing experimental apparatus and diagnostics.

Vieira, J.; Silva, L. O. [GoLP/Instituto de Plasmas e Fusao Nuclear, Laboratorio Associado Instituto Superior Tecnico, Technical University of Lisbon, Lisboa (Portugal); Fang, Y. [University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089 (United States); Mori, W. B. [University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States); Muggli, P. [University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089 (United States); Max Planck Institute for Physics, Munich (Germany)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

82

X-ray phase contrast imaging of biological specimens with femtosecond pulses of betatron radiation from a compact laser plasma wakefield accelerator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We show that x-rays from a recently demonstrated table top source of bright, ultrafast, coherent synchrotron radiation [Kneip et al., Nat. Phys. 6, 980 (2010)] can be applied to phase contrast imaging of biological specimens. Our scheme is based on focusing a high power short pulse laser in a tenuous gas jet, setting up a plasma wakefield accelerator that accelerates and wiggles electrons analogously to a conventional synchrotron, but on the centimeter rather than tens of meter scale. We use the scheme to record absorption and phase contrast images of a tetra fish, damselfly and yellow jacket, in particular highlighting the contrast enhancement achievable with the simple propagation technique of phase contrast imaging. Coherence and ultrafast pulse duration will allow for the study of various aspects of biomechanics.

Kneip, S. [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Center for Ultrafast Optical Science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109 (United States); McGuffey, C.; Dollar, F.; Chvykov, V.; Kalintchenko, G.; Krushelnick, K.; Maksimchuk, A.; Mangles, S. P. D.; Matsuoka, T.; Schumaker, W.; Thomas, A. G. R.; Yanovsky, V. [Center for Ultrafast Optical Science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109 (United States); Bloom, M. S.; Najmudin, Z.; Palmer, C. A. J.; Schreiber, J. [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom)

2011-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

83

PHYSICAL REVIEW SPECIAL TOPICS ACCELERATORS AND BEAMS, VOLUME  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

wakefields in a multimode, dielectric wakefield accelerator driven by a train of electron bunches J. G. Power, M. E. Conde, W. Gai, R. Konecny, and P. Schoessow Argonne...

84

Laser guiding at relativistic intensities and wakefield particle accleration in plasma channels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Laser Guiding at Relativistic Intensities and Wakefieldfirst time in a high gradient laser wakefield accelerator byguiding the drive laser pulse. Channels formed by

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

--No Title--  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Argonne National Laboratory High Energy Physics Division Argonne Wakefield Accelerator (AWA) Staff Publications Search Argonne ... Search Argonne Home > High Energy Physics...

86

Generation of High Gradient Wakefields in Dielectric Loaded Structures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

loaded wakefield structures to generate accelerating fields of up to 100 MVm. Short electron bunches (13 ps FWHM) of up to 86 nC are used to drive these fields, either as single...

87

CUSHMAN & WAKEFIELD, Inc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

& Wakefield Launches Environmental Challenge Corporate initiative underway to increase energy and water efficiency and reduce waste NEW YORK - October 20, 2009 - In the spirit of...

88

Resonant Excitation of Plasma Wakefields  

SciTech Connect

We describe characteristics of the bunch train and plasma source used in a resonant plasma wakefield experiment at the Brookhaven National Laboratory Accelerator Test Facility. The bunch train has the proper correlated spread to unambiguously observe the expected energy gain by the witness bunch at resonance. The plasma density in the capillary discharge is sufficiently high to reach the resonance with the typical bunch train spacing of this experiment. It is also uniform over more than 3/4 of the 2 cm-long capillary.

Muggli, P.; Allen, B. [University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089 (United States); Yakimenko, V.; Fedurin, M.; Kusche, K.; Babzien, M. [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973 (United States)

2010-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

89

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - SLAC's Newest Facility...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Max Planck Institute of Physics in Berlin will continue their efforts to make accelerators smaller and more efficient using a technique called plasma wakefield acceleration....

90

Results from Plasma Wakefield Experiments at FACET  

SciTech Connect

We report initial results of the Plasma Wakefield Acceleration (PWFA) Experiments performed at FACET - Facility for Advanced aCcelertor Experimental Tests at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. At FACET a 23 GeV electron beam with 1.8 x 10{sup 10} electrons is compressed to 20 {mu}m longitudinally and focused down to 10 {mu}m x 10 {mu}m transverse spot size for user driven experiments. Construction of the FACET facility completed in May 2011 with a first run of user assisted commissioning throughout the summer. The first PWFA experiments will use single electron bunches combined with a high density lithium plasma to produce accelerating gradients > 10 GeV/m benchmarking the FACET beam and the newly installed experimental hardware. Future plans for further study of plasma wakefield acceleration will be reviewed. The experimental hardware and operation of the plasma heat-pipe oven have been successfully commissioned. Plasma wakefield acceleration was not observed because the electron bunch density was insufficient to ionize the lithium vapor. The remaining commissioning time in summer 2011 will be dedicated to delivering the FACET design parameters for the experimental programs which will begin in early 2012. PWFA experiments require the shorter bunches and smaller transverse sizes to create the plasma and drive large amplitude wakefields. Low emittance and high energy will minimize head erosion which was found to be a limiting factor in acceleration distance and energy gain. We will run the PWFA experiments with the design single bunch conditions in early 2012. Future PWFA experiments at FACET are discussed in [5][6] and include drive and witness bunch production for high energy beam manipulation, ramped bunch to optimize tranformer ratio, field-ionized cesium plasma, preionized plasmas, positron acceleration, etc.. We will install a notch collimator for two-bunch operation as well as new beam diagnostics such as the X-band TCAV [7] to resolve the two bunches. With these new instruments and desired beam parameters in place next year, we will be able to complete the studies of plasma wakefield acceleration in the next few years.

Li, S.Z.; Clarke, C.I.; England, R.J.; Frederico, J.; Gessner, S.J.; Hogan, M.J.; Jobe, R.K.; Litos, M.D.; Walz, D.R.; /SLAC; Muggli, P.; /Munich, Max Planck Inst.; An, W.; Clayton, C.E.; Joshi, C.; Lu, W.; Marsh, K.A.; Mori, W.; Tochitsky, S.; /UCLA; Adli, E.; /U. Oslo

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

91

PHYSICAL REVIEW SPECIAL TOPICS ACCELERATORS AND BEAMS, VOLUME  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Argonne Wakefield Accelerator facility are reported. In this regime, the relativistic electron beam is denser than the plasma, causing the beam channel to completely rarefy, and...

92

Microsoft Word - DWA4XFELsummary_awa_verson.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Future X-Ray Lasers Future X-Ray Lasers Article written by J. Power and A. Zholents for the Argonne Management Blog: FOCAL POINT Last week, twenty plus accelerator scientists gathered at Argonne to shape a roadmap to a future x-ray free electron lasers (FELs). Tremendously effective in the production of light, FELs are now actively moving into territory traditionally occupied by machines such as the Advanced Photon Source. They are poised to make a revolution in x-ray research by enabling cutting-edge experiments including time-resolved studies of matter with femtosecond (one femtosecond corresponds to millionth of a billionth second, 10 -15 seconds) resolution and Angstrom scale spatial resolution, a dream of scientists who want to glimpse into the microscopic world of cells,

93

Effect of pulse profile and chirp on a laser wakefield generation  

SciTech Connect

A laser wakefield driven by an asymmetric laser pulse with/without chirp is investigated analytically and through two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations. For a laser pulse with an appropriate pulse length compared with the plasma wavelength, the wakefield amplitude can be enhanced by using an asymmetric un-chirped laser pulse with a fast rise time; however, the growth is small. On the other hand, the wakefield can be greatly enhanced for both positively chirped laser pulse having a fast rise time and negatively chirped laser pulse having a slow rise time. Simulations show that at the early laser-plasma interaction stage, due to the influence of the fast rise time the wakefield driven by the positively chirped laser pulse is more intense than that driven by the negatively chirped laser pulse, which is in good agreement with analytical results. At a later time, since the laser pulse with positive chirp exhibits opposite evolution to the one with negative chirp when propagating in plasma, the wakefield in the latter case grows more intensely. These effects should be useful in laser wakefield acceleration experiments operating at low plasma densities.

Zhang Xiaomei; Shen Baifei; Ji Liangliang; Wang Wenpeng; Xu Jiancai; Yu Yahong; Yi Longqing; Wang Xiaofeng [State Key Laboratory of High Field Laser Physics, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 (China); Hafz, Nasr A. M. [Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas (Ministry of Education) and Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Kulagin, V. [Sternberg Astronomical Institute of Moscow State University, Moscow 119992 (Russian Federation); Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Dolgoprudny, Moscow region, 141700 (Russian Federation)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

94

Optimization of Drive-Bunch Current Profile for Enhanced Transformer Ratio in Beam-Driven Acceleration Techniques  

SciTech Connect

In recent years, wakefield acceleration has gained attention due to its high acceleration gradients and cost effectiveness. In beam-driven wakefield acceleration, a critical parameter to optimize is the transformer ratio. It has been shown that current shaping of electron beams allows for enhanced (> 2) transformer ratios. In this paper we present the optimization of the pulse shape of the drive bunch for dielectric-wakefield acceleration.

Lemery, F.; Mihalcea, D.; Prokop, C.R.; /Northern Illinois U.; Piot, P.; /Northern Illinois U. /Fermilab

2012-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

95

Computational studies and optimization of wakefield accelerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

France [1] ILC- www.linearcollider.org/cms ; LCLS- www-ssrl.slac.stanford.edu/lcls/ [2] T. Tajima and J. M. Dawson,while machines such as the LCLS will use km-scale linacs to

Geddes, C.G.R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Electron bunch injection at an angle into a laser wakefield  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

External injection of electron bunches longer than the plasma wavelength in a laser wakefield accelerator can lead to the generation of femtosecond ultrarelativistic bunches with a couple of percent energy spread. Extensive study has been done on external electron bunch (e.g. one generated by a photo-cathode rf linac) injection in a laser wakefield for different configurations. In this paper we investigate a new way of external injection where the electron bunch is injected at a small angle into the wakefield. This way one can avoid the ponderomotive scattering as well as the vacuum-plasma transition region, which tend to destroy the injected bunch. In our simulations, the effect of the laser pulse dynamics is also taken into account. It is shown that injection at an angle can provide compressed and accelerated electron bunches with less than 2% energy spread. Another advantage of this scheme is that it has less stringent requirements in terms of the size of the injected bunch and there is the potential to tr...

Luttikhof, M J H; Van Goor, F A; Boller, K -J

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

 

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Staff Staff AWA Home Page AWA Activities AWA Facilities AWA Group Meetings AWA News AWA QR Codes AWA Safety Discussions AWA Safety & Procedure Manual WF Notes AGN Notes (Internal) US High Gradient Collaboration Meeting Other Related Links Security and Privacy Notice Members of Argonne Wakefield Accelerator Group Current Staff: Name Title E-Mail Homepage Wei Gai Group Leader wg@hep.anl.gov www.hep.anl.gov/wg Manoel Conde Staff Scientist conde@anl.gov Scott Doran Staff Engineering Assistant sdoran@hep.anl.gov Marvin Lien Staff Engineering Assistant mklien@hep.anl.gov Wanming Liu Staff Scientist wmliu@hep.anl.gov www.hep.anl.gov/wmliu Richard Konecny Staff Engineer rsk@hep.anl.gov Pramila Malhotra Administrative Secretary pmalhotra@anl.gov www.hep.anl.gov/pmalhotr John Power Staff Scientist

98

Accelerators  

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Accelerators Elementary Particles Detectors Accelerators Visit World Labs For Children - for younger people For Children The Electric Force For Children Electric Force Fields For...

99

acceleration  

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middle name. The head of Fermilab's Accelerator Division explains a basic idea of high-energy physics in everyday language. Painless Physics Articles BEAM COOLING August 2, 1996...

100

Wakefield Computations for the Injector (Part I)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this document, we report on basic wakefield computations used to establish the impedance budget for the LCLS injector. Systematic comparisons between analytic formulae and results from ABCI are done. Finally, a comparison between 2D and 3D wakefield calculations are given for a cross. The three parts of the document are presented as follows: (1) ABCI computations for a few structures (Flange, Bellows...); (2) Comparison analytic with ABCI runs; and (3) Comparison Cross and Cavity using MAFIA.

Limborg-Deprey, C.

2010-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wakefield accelerator awa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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101

Accelerator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1. ACCELERATOR PHYSICS OF COLLIDERS Revised July 2011 by D. A. Edwards (DESY) and M. J. Syphers (MSU) 1.1. Luminosity This article provides background for the High-Energy Collider...

102

Two-Pulse Ionization Injection into Quasi-Linear Laser Wakefields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a scheme for controlling electron injection into the quasi-linear wakefield driven by a guided drive pulse via ionization of a dopant species by a collinear injection laser pulse with a short Rayleigh range. The scheme is analyzed by particle in cell simulations which show controlled injection and acceleration of electrons to an energy of 370 MeV, a relative energy spread of 2%, and a normalized transverse emittance of 3.0 {\\mu}m.

Bourgeois, Nicolas; Hooker, Simon M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Acceleration  

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Acceleration Acceleration of porous media simulations on the Cray XE6 platform Kirsten M. Fagnan, Michael Lijewski, George Pau, Nicholas J. Wright Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road Berkeley, CA 94720 May 18, 2011 1 Introduction In this paper we investigate the performance of the Porous Media with Adaptive Mesh Refinment (PMAMR) code which was developed in the Center for Computational Science and Engineering at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. This code is being used to model carbon sequestration and contaminant transport as part of the Advanced Simulation Capability for Environmental Management (ASCEM) project. The goal of the ASCEM project is to better understand and quantify flow and contaminant transport behavior in complex geological systems. It will also address the long-term performance of engineered components including cementitious materials in

104

COAXIAL TWO-CHANNEL DIELECTRIC WAKE FIELD ACCELERATOR  

SciTech Connect

Theory, computations, and experimental apparatus are presented that describe and are intended to confirm novel properties of a coaxial two-channel dielectric wake field accelerator. In this configuration, an annular drive beam in the outer coaxial channel excites multimode wakefields which, in the inner channel, can accelerate a test beam to an energy much higher than the energy of the drive beam. This high transformer ratio is the result of judicious choice of the dielectric structure parameters, and of the phase separation between drive bunches and test bunches. A structure with cm-scale wakefields has been build for tests at the Argonne Wakefield Accelerator Laboratory, and a structure with mm-scale wakefields has been built for tests at the SLAC FACET facility. Both tests await scheduling by the respective facilities.

Hirshfield, Jay L. [Omega-P, Inc.

2013-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

105

DOE Review  

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Review 2007 Review 2007 AWA Facility Update, High Gradient Wakefield Generation, and Future Upgrades Manoel Conde, Sergey Antipov, Felipe Franchini, Wei Gai, Feng Gao, Chunguang Jing, Richard Konecny, Wanming Liu, Jidong Long, John Power, Haitao Wang, Zikri Yusof Argonne Wakefield Accelerator Group High Energy Physics Division April 25 - 27, 2007 2 Outline Description of AWA Facililty. Wakefield structures built and tested. Measurements and simulations. List of next experiments to be performed. Plans for Facility upgrades. 3 AWA Drive Beamline Drive Gun Linac & Steering Coils Quads Wakefield Structure Experimental Chambers 4.5 m GV GV YAG1 YAG2 Spectrometer YAG5 Dump/ Faraday Cup Slits YAG4 YAG3 ICT1 ICT2 BPM Single bunch operation - Q=1-100 nC - Energy=15 MeV - High Current = 10 kAmp

106

Characterisation of electron beams from laser-driven particle accelerators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development, understanding and application of laser-driven particle accelerators require accurate measurements of the beam properties, in particular emittance, energy spread and bunch length. Here we report measurements and simulations showing that laser wakefield accelerators can produce beams of quality comparable to conventional linear accelerators.

Brunetti, E.; Manahan, G. G.; Shanks, R. P.; Islam, M. R.; Ersfeld, B.; Anania, M. P.; Cipiccia, S.; Issac, R. C.; Vieux, G.; Welsh, G. H.; Wiggins, S. M.; Jaroszynski, D. A. [Physics Department, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0NG (United Kingdom)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

107

Wakefield Municipal Gas & Light Department- Residential Conservation Services Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Wakefield Municipal Gas & Light Department (WMGLD), in cooperation with the Massachusetts Municipal Wholesale Electric Company (MMWEC), offers the "Incentive Rebate Program" to encourage...

108

Trans-Debye Scale Plasma Modeling & Stochastic GRB Wakefield Plasma Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling plasma physical processes in astrophysical context demands for both detailed kinetics and large scale development of the electromagnetic field densities. We present a new framework for modeling plasma physics of hot tenuous plasmas by a two-split scheme, in which the large scale fields are modeled by means of a particle-in-cell (PIC) code, and in which binary collision processes and single-particle processes are modeled through a Monte-Carlo approach. Our novel simulation tool -- the PhotonPlasma code -- is a unique hybrid model; it combines a highly parallelized (Vlasov) particle-in-cell approach with continuous weighting of particles and a sub-Debye Monte-Carlo binary particle interaction framework. As an illustration of the capabilities we present results from a numerical study of Gamma-Ray Burst - Circumburst Medium interaction and plasma preconditioning via Compton scattering. We argue that important microphysical processes can only viably be investigated by means of hybrid codes such as the PhotonPlasma code. Our first results from 3D simulations with this new simulation tool suggest that magnetic fields and plasma filaments are created in the wakefield of prompt gamma-ray bursts. Furthermore, the photon flux density gradient impacts on particle acceleration in the burst head and wakefield. We discuss some possible implications of the circumburst medium being preconditioned for a trailing afterglow shock front. We also discuss important improvements for future studies of GRB wakefields processes, using the PhotonPlasma code.

J. Trier Frederiksen; T. Haugboelle; A. Nordlund

2008-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

109

Characteristics of an envelope model for laser-plasma accelerator simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simulation of laser-plasma accelerator (LPA) experiments is computationally intensive due to the disparate length scales involved. Current experiments extend hundreds of laser wavelengths transversely and many thousands in the propagation direction, ... Keywords: Envelope model, Laser wakefield acceleration, Laser-plasma acceleration, PIC, Plasma accelerator

Benjamin M. Cowan; David L. Bruhwiler; Estelle Cormier-Michel; Eric Esarey; Cameron G. R. Geddes; Peter Messmer; Kevin M. Paul

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Plasma wakefields in the quasi-nonlinear regime: Experiments at ATF  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work we present details of planned experiments to investigate certain aspects of the quasi non linear regime (QNL) of plasma wakefield acceleration (PWFA). In the QNL regime it is, in principal, possible to combine the benefits of both nonlinear and linear PWFA. That is, beams of high quality can be maintained through acceleration due to the complete ejection of plasma electrons from beam occupied region, while large energy gains can be achieved through use of transformer ratio increasing schemes, such as ramped bunch trains. With the addition of an short focal length PMQ triplet capable of focusing beams to the few micron scale and the ability to generate tunable bunch trains, the Accelerator Test Facility (ATF) at Brookhaven National Lab offers the unique capabilities to probe these characteristics of the QNL regime.

Rosenzweig, J. B.; Andonian, G.; Barber, S.; Ferrario, M.; Muggli, P.; O'Shea, B.; Sakai, Y.; Valloni, A.; Williams, O.; Xi, Y.; Yakimenko, V. [UCLA Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, 405 Hilgard Ave. Los Angeles, CA, 90095 (United States); Accelerator Division, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati , Via E. Fermi 40, Frascati (RM) 00044 (Italy); Max Planck Institute for Physics, Munich (Germany); UCLA Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, 405 Hilgard Ave. Los Angeles, CA, 90095 (United States); Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY, 11973 (United States)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

111

Modeling laser wakefield accelerators in a Lorentz boosted frame  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on axis, beam average energy history and momentum spread aton the mean beam energy histories and on the lon- gitudinalgave the same beam energy history within a few percents, and

Vay, J.-L.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Modeling laser wakefield accelerators in a Lorentz boosted frame  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on axis, beam average energy history and momentum spread aton the mean beam energy histories and on the longitudinalgave the same beam energy history within a few percents, and

Vay, J.-L.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Proposed Dark Current Studies at the Argonne Wakefield Accelerator...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Breakdown may include several factors such as local field enhancement, explosive electron emission, Ohmic heating, tensile stress produced by electric field, and others. The...

114

Wakefield Municipal Gas and Light Department - Residential Conservation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wakefield Municipal Gas and Light Department - Residential Wakefield Municipal Gas and Light Department - Residential Conservation Services Program Wakefield Municipal Gas and Light Department - Residential Conservation Services Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Manufacturing Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Maximum Rebate Energy Audit Recommended Measures: $300 Programmable Thermostats: 2 units Program Info State Massachusetts Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Energy Audit Recommended Measures: 25% of total cost Refrigerators: $50 Clothes Washer: $50 Dishwasher: $50 Room AC: $50

115

Laser Wakefield diagnostic using holographic longitudinal interferometry  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We propose a diagnostic technique for wakefield measurement in plasma channels. A new technique for plasma channel creation, the Ignitor Heater scheme was proposed and experimentally tested in hydrogen and nitrogen previously. It makes use of two laser pulses. The Ignitor, an ultrashort (sub 100 fs) laser pulse, is brought to a line focus using a cylindrical lens to ionize the gas. The Heater pulse (160 ps long) is used to heat the existing spark via in-verse Bremsstrahlung. The hydrodynamic shock expansion creates a partially evacuated plasma channel with a density minimum on axis. Such a channel has properties of an optical waveguide. This technique allows creation of plasma channels in low atomic number gases, such as hydrogen, which is of importance for guiding of highly intense laser pulses. Laser pulses injected into such plasma channels produce a plasma wake that has a phase velocity close to the speed of light. A discussion of plasma wake measurements, using a Longitudinal Interferometry Wakefield Diagnostic Based on Time Domain Rayleigh Refractometry with Holographic Inversion, will be presented.

Volfbeyn, P.; Esarey, E.; Leemans, W.P.

1999-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

116

A 26 GHz Dielectric Based Wakefield Power Extractor  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

26GHz high power rf source based on the extraction of wakefields from a relativistic electron beam. The extractor is designed to couple out rf power generated from a high charge...

117

Experimental Measurements of Wakefields in a Multimode, Dielectric...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Measurements of Wakefields in a Multimode, Dielectric Structure Driven by a Train of Electron Bunches J.G. Power, M.E. Conde, W. Gai, A. Kanareykenf, R. Konecny, and P. Schoessow...

118

Preparation For Laser Wakefield Experiments Driven by the Texas Petawatt Laser System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Laboratories around the world are planning petawatt laser driven experiments. The Texas petawatt laser offers the ability to demonstrate laser wake field acceleration (LWFA) in a unique regime with pulse duration ({approx}160 fs) shorter than other petawatt scale systems currently in operation or under development. By focusing the 1.25 PW, 200 J, 160 fs pulses to peak intensity {approx}10{sup 19} W/cm{sup 2}, multi-GeV electron bunches can be produced from a low density He gas jet. The rarefied plasma density (5x10{sup 16}-10{sup 17} cm{sup -3}) required for near-resonant LWFA minimizes plasma lensing and offers long dephasing length for electron acceleration over distances ({approx}10 cm) exceeding the Rayleigh range. Because of the high power, the laser can be focused to a spot (r{sub 0}{approx}100 microns) greater than the plasma wavelength (r{sub 0}>{lambda}{sub p}), thus minimizing radial propagation effects. Together these properties enable the laser pulse to self-guide without the use of a preformed channel lending simplicity and stability to the overall acceleration process. Particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations show the laser experiences self-focusing which, because of ultrashort pulse duration, does not lead to a collapse of the wakefield and can generate over 3 GeV electron energy. The presented material will include details of initial measurements of the Texas petawatt laser system, simulations of laser wakefield acceleration for the given laser parameters and the experimental setup currently under construction.

Reed, S. A.; Kalmykov, S.; Gaul, E.; Martinez, M.; Henderson, W.; Dong, P.; Gao, X.; Sanders, J. C.; Wang, X.; Shvets, G.; Ditmire, T.; Downer, M. [Department of Physics and Institute for Fusion Studies, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)

2009-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

119

Wakefield Damping for the CLIC Crab Cavity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A crab cavity is required in the CLIC to allow effective head-on collision of bunches at the IP. A high operating frequency is preferred as the deflection voltage required for a given rotation angle and the RF phase tolerance for a crab cavity are inversely proportional to the operating frequency. The short bunch spacing of the CLIC scheme and the high sensitivity of the crab cavity to dipole kicks demand very high damping of the inter-bunch wakes, the major contributor to the luminosity loss of colliding bunches. This paper investigates the nature of the wakefields in the CLIC crab cavity and the possibility of using various damping schemes to suppress them effectively.

Ambattu, P.K.; Burt, G.; Dexter, A.C.; Carter, R.G.; /Cockcroft Inst. Accel. Sci. Tech. /Lancaster U.; Khan, V.; Jones, R.M.; /Cockcroft Inst. Accel. Sci. Tech. /Manchester U.; Dolgashev, V.; /SLAC

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Physics of Laser-driven plasma-based acceleration  

SciTech Connect

The physics of plasma-based accelerators driven by short-pulse lasers is reviewed. This includes the laser wake-field accelerator, the plasma beat wave accelerator, the self-modulated laser wake-field accelerator, and plasma waves driven by multiple laser pulses. The properties of linear and nonlinear plasma waves are discussed, as well as electron acceleration in plasma waves. Methods for injecting and trapping plasma electrons in plasma waves are also discussed. Limits to the electron energy gain are summarized, including laser pulse direction, electron dephasing, laser pulse energy depletion, as well as beam loading limitations. The basic physics of laser pulse evolution in underdense plasmas is also reviewed. This includes the propagation, self-focusing, and guiding of laser pulses in uniform plasmas and plasmas with preformed density channels. Instabilities relevant to intense short-pulse laser-plasma interactions, such as Raman, self-modulation, and hose instabilities, are discussed. Recent experimental results are summarized.

Esarey, Eric; Schroeder, Carl B.

2003-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wakefield accelerator awa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Town of Wakefield, Massachusetts (Utility Company) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wakefield Wakefield Place Massachusetts Utility Id 19979 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location NPCC NERC NPCC Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial Rate B Commercial Domestic Electric Rate A Residential Power Rate C Industrial Average Rates Residential: $0.1510/kWh Commercial: $0.1410/kWh Industrial: $0.1240/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Town_of_Wakefield,_Massachusetts_(Utility_Company)&oldid=41183

122

Town of Wakefield, Virginia (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wakefield, Virginia (Utility Company) Wakefield, Virginia (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name Town of Wakefield Place Virginia Utility Id 19978 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial Commercial Large Service Demand Industrial Out Town Residential Elec Residential Residential Residential Small Commercial Demand Commercial Average Rates Residential: $0.0855/kWh Commercial: $0.0855/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from

123

TWO-CHANNEL DIELECTRIC WAKE FIELD ACCELERATOR  

SciTech Connect

Experimental results are reported for test beam acceleration and deflection in a two-channel, cm-scale, rectangular dielectric-lined wakefield accelerator structure energized by a 14-MeV drive beam. The dominant waveguide mode of the structure is at {approx}30 GHz, and the structure is configured to exhibit a high transformer ratio ({approx}12:1). Accelerated bunches in the narrow secondary channel of the structure are continuously energized via Cherenkov radiation that is emitted by a drive bunch moving in the wider primary channel. Observed energy gains and losses, transverse deflections, and changes in the test bunch charge distribution compare favorably with predictions of theory.

Jay L. Hirshfield

2012-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

124

Measurement and correction of accelerator optics  

SciTech Connect

This report reviews procedures and techniques for measuring, correcting and controlling various optics parameters of an accelerator, including the betatron tune, beta function, betatron coupling, dispersion, chromaticity, momentum compaction factor, and beam orbit. The techniques described are not only indispensable for the basic set-up of an accelerator, but in addition the same methods can be used to study more esoteric questions as, for instance, dynamic aperture limitations or wakefield effects. The different procedures are illustrated by examples from several accelerators, storage rings, as well as linacs and transport lines.

Zimmerman, F.

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Facility for Advanced Accelerator Experimental Tests (FACET) at SLAC and its Radiological Considerations  

SciTech Connect

Facility for Advanced Accelerator Experimental Tests (FACET) in SLAC will be used to study plasma wakefield acceleration. FLUKA Monte Carlo code was used to design a maze wall to separate FACET project and LCLS project to allow persons working in FACET side during LCLS operation. Also FLUKA Monte Carlo code was used to design the shielding for FACET dump to get optimum design for shielding both prompt and residual doses, as well as reducing environmental impact. FACET will be an experimental facility that provides short, intense pulses of electrons and positrons to excite plasma wakefields and study a variety of critical issues associated with plasma wakefield acceleration [1]. This paper describes the FACET beam parameters, the lay-out and its radiological issues.

Mao, X.S.; Leitner, M.Santana; Vollaire, J.

2011-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

126

Muon Acceleration in Cosmic-ray Sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many models of ultra-high energy cosmic-ray production involve acceleration in linear accelerators located in Gamma-Ray Bursts magnetars, or other sources. These source models require very high accelerating gradients, $10^{13}$ keV/cm, with the minimum gradient set by the length of the source. At gradients above 1.6 keV/cm, muons produced by hadronic interactions undergo significant acceleration before they decay. This acceleration hardens the neutrino energy spectrum and greatly increases the high-energy neutrino flux. We rule out many models of linear acceleration, setting strong constraints on plasma wakefield accelerators and on models for sources like Gamma Ray Bursts and magnetars.

Spencer R. Klein; Rune Mikkelsen; Julia K. Becker Tjus

2012-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

127

 

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Related Links Related Links AWA Home Page AWA Activities AWA Facilities AWA Group Meetings AWA News AWA QR Codes AWA Safety Discussions AWA Safety & Procedure Manual WF Notes AGN Notes (Internal) US High Gradient Collaboration Meeting Other Related Links Security and Privacy Notice AWA-- Related Links 2008 Advanced Accelerator Concepts Workshop Argonne Accelerator Institute Illinois Accelerator Institute 2006 Advanced Accelerator Concepts Workshop American Physical Society -- Division of Physics of Beams Euclid Techlabs Joint Accelerator Conferences Website International Linear Collider (ILC) Northern Illinois Center for Accelerator and Detector Development (NICADD) Other Advanced Accelerator R&D Programs · Accelerator Test Facility at BNL · Center for Beam Physics at LBNL

128

Trapping and dark current in plasma-based accelerators  

SciTech Connect

The trapping of thermal electrons in a nonlinear plasma wave of arbitrary phase velocity is investigated. The threshold plasma wave amplitude for trapping plasma electrons is calculated, thereby determining the fraction trapped and the expected dark current in a plasma-based accelerator. It is shown that the presence of a laser field (e.g., trapping in the self-modulated regime of the laser wakefield accelerator) increases the trapping threshold. Implications for experimental and numerical laser-plasma studies are discussed.

Schroder, C.B.; Esarey, E.; Shadwick, B.A.; Leemans, W.P.

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Wakefield Calculations for the LCLS in Multbunch Operation  

SciTech Connect

Normally the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) operates in single-bunch mode, sending a bunch of up to 250 pC charge at 120 Hz through the linac and the undulator, and the resulting FEL radiation into one of the experimental hutches. With two bunches per rf pulse, each pulse could feed either two experiments or one experiment in a pump-probe type configuration. Two-bunch FEL operation has already been briefly tested at the LCLS, and works reasonably well, although not yet routinely. In this report we study the longitudinal and transverse long-range (bunch-to-bunch) wakefields of the linacs and their effects on LCLS performance in two-bunch mode, which is initially the most likely scenario. The longitudinal wake changes the average energy at the second bunch, and the transverse wake misaligns the second bunch (in transverse phase space) in the presence of e.g. transverse injection jitter or quad misalignments. Finally, we extend the study to consider the LCLS with trains of up to 20 bunches per rf pulse. In the LCLS the bunch is created in an rf gun, and then passes in sequence through Linac 0, Linac 1, Linac X, Bunch Compressor 1 (BC 1), Linac 2, BC 2, Linac 3, and finally the undulator. In the process the bunch energy reaches 13.5 GeV and peak current 3 kA. In Table 1 we present some machine and beam parameters in three of the linacs that we will use in the calculations: initial beam energy E{sub 0}, total accelerator length L, average beta function {beta}{sub y}, bunch peak current I, and rf phase (with respect to crest) {phi}; the final energy of a linac equals E{sub 0} of the following linac, and in Linac 3 is E{sub f} = 13.5 GeV. (The X-band linac, with L = 60 cm, has wake effects that are small compared to the other linacs, and will not be discussed.) In this report we limit our study to trains of equally populated, equally spaced bunches with a total length of less than 100 ns. The charge of each bunch is eN{sub b} = 250 pC.

Bane, K; /SLAC

2011-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

130

Particle-in-cell simulations of plasma accelerators and electron-neutral collisions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present 2-D simulations of both beam-driven and laser-driven plasma wakefield accelerators, using the object-oriented particle-in-cell code XOOPIC, which is time explicit, fully electromagnetic, and capable of running on massively parallel supercomputers. Simulations of laser-driven wakefields with low ({approx}10{sup 16} W/cm{sup 2}) and high ({approx}10{sup 18} W/cm{sup 2}) peak intensity laser pulses are conducted in slab geometry, showing agreement with theory and fluid simulations. Simulations of the E-157 beam wakefield experiment at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, in which a 30 GeV electron beam passes through 1 m of preionized lithium plasma, are conducted in cylindrical geometry, obtaining good agreement with previous work. We briefly describe some of the more significant modifications of XOOPIC required by this work, and summarize the issues relevant to modeling relativistic electron-neutral collisions in a particle-in-cell code.

Bruhwiler, David L.; Giacone, Rodolfo E.; Cary, John R.; Verboncoeur, John P.; Mardahl, Peter; Esarey, Eric; Leemans, W.P.; Shadwick, B.A.

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Stochastic wake field particle acceleration in Gamma-Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gamma-Ray Burst (GRB) prompt emission can, for specific conditions, be so powerful and short-pulsed to strongly influence any surrounding plasma. In this paper, we briefly discuss the possibility that a very intense initial burst of radiation produced by GRBs satisfy the intensity and temporal conditions to cause stochastic wake-field particle acceleration in a surrounding plasma of moderate density. Recent laboratory experiments clearly indicate that powerful laser beam pulses of tens of femtosecond duration hitting on target plasmas cause efficient particle acceleration and betatron radiation up to tens of MeV. We consider a simple but realistic GRB model for which particle wake-field acceleration can first be excited by a very strong low-energy precursor, and then be effective in producing the observed prompt X-ray and gamma-ray GRB emission. We also briefly discuss some of the consequences of this novel GRB emission mechanism.

G. Barbiellini; F. Longo; N. Omodei; A. Celotti; M. Tavani

2006-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

132

The Wakefield Effects of Pulsed Crab Cavities at the Advanced Photon Source for Short-X-ray Pulse Generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Wakefield Effects of Pulsed Crab Cavities at the Advanced Photon Source for Short-X-ray Pulse Generation

Chae, Y C; Dolgashev, V

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Optimization of the LCLS X-ray FEL output performance in the presence of strong undulator wakefields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimization of the LCLS X-ray FEL output performance in the presence of strong undulator wakefields

Reiche, S; Emma, P; Fawley, W M; Huang, Z; Nuhn, H D; Stupakov, G V

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Cushman & Wakefield Environmental Challenge | ENERGY STAR Buildings &  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cushman & Wakefield Environmental Challenge Cushman & Wakefield Environmental Challenge Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In this section How can we help you? Build an energy program Improve building and plant performance Earn the ENERGY STAR and other recognition Benchmark energy use ENERGY STAR in action Communicate and educate ENERGY STAR communications toolkit Bring Your Green to Work with ENERGY STAR

135

Commissioning of a 1.3-GHz Deflecting Cavity for Phase-Space...  

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AWA electron bunches in support of dielectric wakefield exper- iments with enhanced transformer ratio. In this paper we report on the initial commissioning of the deflecting...

136

Collimator Wakefield Calculations for ILC-TRC Report(LCC-0101)  

SciTech Connect

We summarize the formalism of collimator wakefields and their effect on beams that are near the center of the collimator gap, and apply the formalism to the TESLA, NLC, and CLIC collimation systems.

Tenenbaum, P

2003-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

137

Microsoft Word - Designated_User_Facilities_April_13_2010  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4/13/2010 4/13/2010 DOE Designated Scientific User Facilities Laboratory/Facility Argonne National Laboratory Advanced Photon Source (APS) Intense Pulsed Neutron Source (IPNS) Electron Microscopy Center for Materials Research Argonne Wakefield Accelerator (AWA) Argonne Tandem Linac Accelerator System (ATLAS) Center for Nanoscale Materials Leadership Computing Facility* Brookhaven National Laboratory Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope Facility National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS) Accelerator Test Facility (ATF) Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) Center for Functional Nanomaterials Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory 1,000 GeV Superconducting Accelerator System

138

Excitation of Accelerating Plasma Waves by Counter-propagating Laser Beams  

SciTech Connect

Generation of accelerating plasma waves using two counter-propagating laser beams is considered. Colliding-beam accelerator requires two laser pulses: the long pump and the short timing beam. We emphasize the similarities and differences between the conventional laser wakefield accelerator and the colliding-beam accelerator (CBA). The highly nonlinear nature of the wake excitation is explained using both nonlinear optics and plasma physics concepts. Two regimes of CBA are considered: (i) the short-pulse regime, where the timing beam is shorter than the plasma period, and (ii) the parametric excitation regime, where the timing beam is longer than the plasma period. Possible future experiments are also outlined.

Gennady Shvets; Nathaniel J. Fisch; and Alexander Pukhov

2001-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

139

Cushman & Wakefields Client Solutions Group presents:  

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OCTOBER 2009 OCTOBER 2009 Updated January 2010 A CALL TO ACTION TO IMPROVE THE ENVIRONMENTAL EFFICIENCY OF CUSHMAN &WAKEFIELD'S MANAGED PROPERTIES Take the C&W Environmental Challenge and help us find out: * Who can quantify improvements in environmental performance over time? * Who can take environmental performance to the next level? * Which buildings are the highest performers across C&W managed portfolio? WHAT IS THE C&W ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGE? WHY PARTICIPATE? IMPROVE YOUR BOTTOM LINE: Increased energy and water efficiency, and reduced waste in commercial real estate can reduce operating expenses and increase property asset value. DO YOUR PART TO ADDRESS CLIMATE CHANGE: Commercial buildings generate about 17% of total greenhouse gas emissions.

140

PARTICLE ACCELERATOR  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

ABS>A combination of two accelerators, a cyclotron and a ring-shaped accelerator which has a portion disposed tangentially to the cyclotron, is described. Means are provided to transfer particles from the cyclotron to the ring accelerator including a magnetic deflector within the cyclotron, a magnetic shield between the ring accelerator and the cyclotron, and a magnetic inflector within the ring accelerator.

Teng, L.C.

1960-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wakefield accelerator awa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Energy spread reduction of electron beams produced via laser wakefield acceleration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The energy in each pulse entering the regenerative ampli?erenergy to 250 mJ. The Ti:Sapphire crystal in the regenerative (

Pollock, Bradley Bolt

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

2012 SG Peer Review - Day 2 Panel Discussion: Matt Wakefield, EPRI  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Matt Wakefield Matt Wakefield Senior Program Manager, Smart Grid June 7, 2012 Overview & Industry Coordination of EPRI IntelliGrid & Security Research & Smart Grid Demonstrations 2 © 2012 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. IntelliGrid Program Information & Communication Technologies (ICT) to Enable..... The IntelliGrid Program conducts research, development and demonstrations on the Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) that Enable Smart Grid applications IntelliGrid * Transmission * Distribution * End-Use (AMI/DR) 3 © 2012 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. * Reliability and performance characteristics the various technology

143

Can Accelerators Accelerate Learning?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 'Young Talented' education program developed by the Brazilian State Funding Agency (FAPERJ)[1] makes it possible for high-schools students from public high schools to perform activities in scientific laboratories. In the Atomic and Molecular Physics Laboratory at Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), the students are confronted with modern research tools like the 1.7 MV ion accelerator. Being a user-friendly machine, the accelerator is easily manageable by the students, who can perform simple hands-on activities, stimulating interest in physics, and getting the students close to modern laboratory techniques.

Santos, A. C. F.; Fonseca, P.; Coelho, L. F. S. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil, Caixa Postal 68528, 21941-972 (Brazil)

2009-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

144

PARTICLE ACCELERATOR  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fixed-field alternating gradient accelerator for simultaneous acceleration of two particle beams in opposite directions is described. (T.R.H.)

Ohkawa, T.

1959-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Visualizing Particle-in-Cell Simulation of Laser Wakefield Particle...  

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and assist in the planning of the next generation of particle accelerators and ultrafast applications in chemistry and biology. This image shows a horizontal slice through...

146

Simulations and Measurements of Beam Breakup in Dielectric Wakefield...  

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are a serious limitation to the performance of dielectric structure based accelerators. We report here on numerical studies and experimental investigations of BBU and its...

147

Production, Characterization, and Acceleration of Optical Microbunches  

SciTech Connect

Optical microbunches with a spacing of 800 nm have been produced for laser acceleration research. The microbunches are produced using a inverse Free-Electron-Laser (IFEL) followed by a dispersive chicane. The microbunched electron beam is characterized by coherent optical transition radiation (COTR) with good agreement to the analytic theory for bunch formation. In a second experiment the bunches are accelerated in a second stage to achieve for the first time direct net acceleration of electrons traveling in a vacuum with visible light. This dissertation presents the theory of microbunch formation and characterization of the microbunches. It also presents the design of the experimental hardware from magnetostatic and particle tracking simulations, to fabrication and measurement of the undulator and chicane magnets. Finally, the dissertation discusses three experiments aimed at demonstrating the IFEL interaction, microbunch production, and the net acceleration of the microbunched beam. At the close of the dissertation, a separate but related research effort on the tight focusing of electrons for coupling into optical scale, Photonic Bandgap, structures is presented. This includes the design and fabrication of a strong focusing permanent magnet quadrupole triplet and an outline of an initial experiment using the triplet to observe wakefields generated by an electron beam passing through an optical scale accelerator.

Sears, Christopher M.S.; /Stanford U. /SLAC

2008-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

148

Wakefield induced Losses in the Manual Valves of the TESLA Cryomodule  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Wakefield induced Losses in the Manual Valves of the TESLA Cryomodule M.Dohlus,H.-P.Wedekind,K.Zapfe DeutschesElektronenSynchrotron Notkestr.85,D-22603Hamburg,Germany Abstract The beam pipe of the TESLA valves with spring type rf-shield which are presently used in the linac of the TESLA Test Facility

149

DEVELOPMENT OF ONE METER-LONG LITHIUM PLASMA SOURCE AND EXCIMER MODE REDUCTION FOR PLASMA WAKEFIELD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DEVELOPMENT OF ONE METER-LONG LITHIUM PLASMA SOURCE AND EXCIMER MODE REDUCTION FOR PLASMA WAKEFIELD 94720 K. Marsh, P. Muggli, S. Wang, and C. Joshi, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90024 Abstract A one meter long reduction. 1 INTRODUCTION A one-meter long plasma source has been constructed which will permit

150

Acceleration Mechanisms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Glossary I. Background and context of the subject II. Stochastic acceleration III. Resonant scattering IV. Diffusive shock acceleration V. DSA at multiple shocks VI. Applications of DSA VII. Acceleration by parallel electric fields VIII. Other acceleration mechanisms IX. Future directions X. Appendix: Quasilinear equations XI. Bibliography

Melrose, D B

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

 

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> Witness Gun > Witness Gun AWA Home Page AWA Activities AWA Facilities AWA Group Meetings AWA Safety Discussions AWA Safety & Procedure Manual AWA News AWA QR Codes WF Notes AGN Notes (Internal) US High Gradient Collaboration Meeting Other Related Links Security and Privacy Notice Witness Gun The AWA witness gun is a 6 cell pi/2 mode rf photoinjector, capable of generating 0.5 nC, 8 ps electron bunches at 4 MeV. The witness beam is used to diagnose wakefields generated by the high current drive beam. Using an optical trombone to vary the laser timing at the photocathode while adjusting the witness gun rf phase the witness bunch can be continuously delayed up to 10 ns relative to the drive bunch for wakefield measurements. AWA Beamlines The diagram shows the witness gun in relation to the drive linac and wakefield device test section. This configuration is used for experiments which employ collinear drive and witness beams. The beamlines are currently being reconfigured to allow parallel drive and witness beams needed for dielectric wakefield transformer measurements.

152

Transformer ratio improvement for beam based plasma accelerators  

SciTech Connect

Increasing the transformer ratio of wakefield accelerating systems improves the viability of present novel accelerating schemes. The use of asymmetric bunches to improve the transformer ratio of beam based plasma systems has been proposed for some time[1, 2] but suffered from lack appropriate beam creation systems. Recently these impediments have been overcome [3, 4] and the ability now exists to create bunches with current profiles shaped to overcome the symmetric beam limit of R {<=} 2. We present here work towards experiments designed to measure the transformer ratio of such beams, including theoretical models and simulations using VORPAL (a 3D capable PIC code) [5]. Specifically we discuss projects to be carried out in the quasi-nonlinear regime [6] at the UCLA Neptune Laboratory and the Accelerator Test Facility at Brookhaven National Lab.

O'Shea, Brendan; Rosenzweig, James; Barber, Samuel; Fukasawa, Atsushi; Williams, Oliver; Muggli, Patric; Yakimenko, Vitaly; Kusche, Karl [University of California, Los Angeles, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); University of Southern California, Department of Electrical Engineering, Los Angeles, CA 90089 U.S.A. and Max-Planck-Institut fuer Physik, Foehringer Ring 6, 80805 Muenchen (Germany); Accelerator Test Facility, Brookhaven National Lab, Upton, NY, 11973 (United States)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

153

The evolution of high energy accelerators  

SciTech Connect

Accelerators have been devised and built for two reasons: In the first place, by physicists who needed high energy particles in order to have a means to explore the interactions between particles that probe the fundamental elementary forces of nature. And conversely, sometimes accelerator builders produce new machines for higher energy than ever before just because it can be done, and then challenge potential users to make new discoveries with the new means at hand. These two approaches or motivations have gone hand in hand. This lecture traces how high energy particle accelerators have grown from tools used for esoteric small-scale experiments to the gigantic projects of today. So far all the really high-energy machines built and planned in the world--except the SLC--have been ring accelerators and storage rings using the strong-focusing method. But this method has not removed the energy limit, it has only pushed it higher. It would seem unlikely that one can go beyond the Large Hadron Collider (LHC)--but in fact a workshop was held in Sicily in November 1991, concerned with the question of extrapolating to 100 TeV. Other acceleration and beam-forming methods are now being discussed--collective fields, laser acceleration, wake-field accelerators etc., all aimed primarily at making linear colliders possible and more attractive than with present radiofrequency methods. So far it is not entirely clear which of these schemes will dominate particle physics in the future--maybe something that has not been thought of as yet.

Courant, E.D.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Accelerator Need  

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Need for Large Accelerators An Article Written Originally for Midlevel Teachers Back In order to study small particles, a high energy beam of particles must be generated. The...

155

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - Accelerators and Society  

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Accelerators and Society PHOTO: An accelerator at SLAC. SLAC has been developing, running and studying the basic physics of particle accelerators for half a century. Thousands of...

156

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - Accelerator Directorate  

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physics. Today, the Accelerator Directorate operates and maintains SLAC's existing accelerators to provide the highest possible level of performance. Accelerator employees improve...

157

ION ACCELERATOR  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An arrangement for the drift tubes in a linear accelerator is described whereby each drift tube acts to shield the particles from the influence of the accelerating field and focuses the particles passing through the tube. In one embodiment the drift tube is splii longitudinally into quadrants supported along the axis of the accelerator by webs from a yoke, the quadrants. webs, and yoke being of magnetic material. A magnetic focusing action is produced by energizing a winding on each web to set up a magnetic field between adjacent quadrants. In the other embodiment the quadrants are electrically insulated from each other and have opposite polarity voltages on adjacent quadrants to provide an electric focusing fleld for the particles, with the quadrants spaced sufficienily close enough to shield the particles within the tube from the accelerating electric field.

Bell, J.S.

1959-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

158

LINEAR ACCELERATOR  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Improvements in linear particle accelerators are described. A drift tube system for a linear ion accelerator reduces gap capacity between adjacent drift tube ends. This is accomplished by reducing the ratio of the diameter of the drift tube to the diameter of the resonant cavity. Concentration of magnetic field intensity at the longitudinal midpoint of the external sunface of each drift tube is reduced by increasing the external drift tube diameter at the longitudinal center region.

Christofilos, N.C.; Polk, I.J.

1959-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

159

Summary of June 2 Step-up Transformer Experiment Run  

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ANLHEPWF Note 184 June 3, 1999 Summary of June 2 Step-up Transformer Experiment Run Wei Gai for AWA group Purpose: To verify efficient Wakefield energy coupling from stage I to...

160

Submillimeter-Resolution Radiography of Shielded Structures with Laser-Accelerated Electron Beams  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the use of energetic electron beams for high-resolution radiography of flaws embedded in thick solid objects. A bright, monoenergetic electron beam (with energy >100 MeV) was generated by the process of laser-wakefield acceleration through the interaction of 50-TW, 30-fs laser pulses with a supersonic helium jet. The high energy, low divergence, and small source size of these beams make them ideal for high-resolution radiographic studies of cracks or voids embedded in dense materials that are placed at a large distance from the source. We report radiographic imaging of steel with submillimeter resolution.

Ramanathan, Vidya [University of Nebraska, Lincoln; Banerjee, Sudeep [University of Nebraska, Lincoln; Powell, Nathan [University of Nebraska, Lincoln; Cummingham, N. J. [University of Nebraska, Lincoln; Chandler-Smith, Nate [University of Nebraska, Lincoln; Zhao, Kun [University of Nebraska, Lincoln; Brown, Kevin [University of Nebraska, Lincoln; Umstadter, Donald [University of Nebraska, Lincoln; Clarke, Shaun [University of Michigan; Pozzi, Sara [University of Michigan; Beene, James R [ORNL; Vane, C Randy [ORNL; Schultz, David Robert [ORNL

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wakefield accelerator awa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Synchrotron Radiation from a Laser Plasma Accelerator in the Bubble Regime  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A laser wakefield accelerator is shown to operate in the highly non-linear bubble regime, following the characteristic scaling of energy gain with density and leading to monoenergetic electron beams with up to 400 MeV and hundreds of pC charge. The bubble acts at the same time as a miniature undulator, causing the electrons to give off a beam of betatron x-rays with milliradian divergence, {mu}m source size, 1-100 keV photon energy and 10{sup 22} ph/mm{sup 2}/mrad{sup 2}s/0.1% BW.

Kneip, S. [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, London, SW7 2BZ (United Kingdom); Center for Ultrafast Optical Science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109 (United States); McGuffey, C.; Chvykov, V.; Dollar, F.; Kalintchenko, G.; Maksimchuk, T.; Matsuoka, T.; Thomas, A. G. R.; Krushelnick, K. [Center for Ultrafast Optical Science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109 (United States); Mangles, S. P. D.; Nagel, S. R.; Palmer, C. A. J.; Schreiber, J.; Najmudin, Z. [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, London, SW7 2BZ (United Kingdom); Ta Phuoc, K. [Laboratoire d'Optique Appliquee, ENSTA, Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau, 91761 (France)

2010-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

162

Application Acceleration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Acceleration Acceleration on Current and Future Cray Platforms Alice Koniges, Robert Preissl, Jihan Kim, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory David Eder, Aaron Fisher, Nathan Masters, Velimir Mlaker, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Stephane Ethier, Weixing Wang, Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Martin Head-Gordon, University of California, Berkeley and Nathan Wichmann, Cray Inc. ABSTRACT: Application codes in a variety of areas are being updated for performance on the latest architectures. We describe current bottlenecks and performance improvement areas for applications including plasma physics, chemistry related to carbon capture and sequestration, and material science. We include a variety of methods including advanced hybrid parallelization using multi-threaded MPI, GPU acceleration, libraries and auto- parallelization compilers. KEYWORDS: hybrid

163

Compact accelerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact linear accelerator having at least one strip-shaped Blumlein module which guides a propagating wavefront between first and second ends and controls the output pulse at the second end. Each Blumlein module has first, second, and third planar conductor strips, with a first dielectric strip between the first and second conductor strips, and a second dielectric strip between the second and third conductor strips. Additionally, the compact linear accelerator includes a high voltage power supply connected to charge the second conductor strip to a high potential, and a switch for switching the high potential in the second conductor strip to at least one of the first and third conductor strips so as to initiate a propagating reverse polarity wavefront(s) in the corresponding dielectric strip(s).

Caporaso, George J. (Livermore, CA); Sampayan, Stephen E. (Manteca, CA); Kirbie, Hugh C. (Los Alamos, NM)

2007-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

164

Observation of Wakefields in a Beam-Driven Photonic Band Gap...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Proceedings of IPAC'10, Kyoto, Japan THPD066 03 Linear Colliders, Lepton Accelerators and New Acceleration Techniques A14 Advanced Concepts 4431 Figure 1: Schematic...

165

MUON ACCELERATION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the major motivations driving recent interest in FFAGs is their use for the cost-effective acceleration of muons. This paper summarizes the progress in this area that was achieved leading up to and at the FFAG workshop at KEK from July 7-12, 2003. Much of the relevant background and references are also given here, to give a context to the progress we have made.

BERG,S.J.

2003-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

166

What is an accelerator?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

world of physics though, 'accelerator' means something a little more specific. Our accelerators are a whole class of machines that accelerate atoms, or more often, pieces of...

167

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Argonne Accelerator Institute: Mission The mission of the Argonne Accelerator Institute is centered upon the following related goals: Locate next generation accelerator facilities...

168

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - Accelerator Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

An image of the FACET equipment and a man examining it. ACCELERATOR PHYSICS Accelerators form the backbone of SLAC's on-site experimental program. They are complicated...

169

Breakdown Limits on Gigavolt-per-Meter Electron-Beam-Driven Wakefields in Dielectric Structures  

SciTech Connect

First measurements of the breakdown threshold in a dielectric subjected to GV/m wakefields produced by short (30-330 fs), 28.5 GeV electron bunches have been made. Fused silica tubes of 100 {micro}m inner diameter were exposed to a range of bunch lengths, allowing surface dielectric fields up to 27 GV/m to be generated. The onset of breakdown, detected through light emission from the tube ends, is observed to occur when the peak electric field at the dielectric surface reaches 13.8 {+-} 0.7 GV/m. The correlation of structure damage to beam-induced breakdown is established using an array of postexposure inspection techniques.

Thompson, M.C.; /UCLA /LLNL, Livermore; Badakov, H.; Cook, A.M.; Rosenzweig, J.B.; Tikhoplav, R.; Travish, G.; /UCLA; Blumenfeld, I.; Hogan, M.J.; Ischebeck, R.; Kirby, N.; Siemann, R.; Walz, D.; /SLAC; Muggli, P.; /Southern California U.; Scott, A.; /UC, Santa Barbara; Yoder, R.B.; /Manhattan Coll., Riverdale

2008-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

170

Accelerators and the Accelerator Community  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, standing back--looking from afar--and adopting a historical perspective, the field of accelerator science is examined. How it grew, what are the forces that made it what it is, where it is now, and what it is likely to be in the future are the subjects explored. Clearly, a great deal of personal opinion is invoked in this process.

Malamud, Ernest; Sessler, Andrew

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

 

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Search Argonne ... Search Argonne Home > High Energy Physics Division > AWA > Linac> AWA Home Page AWA Activities AWA Facilities AWA Group Meetings AWA News AWA Safety Discussions AWA Safety & Procedure Manual AWA QR Codes WF Notes AGN Notes (Internal) US High Gradient Collaboration Meeting Other Related Links Security and Privacy Notice Linac Beam exits the photo-cathode based gun at about 2 MeV energy. It is then accelerated by two specially built standing wave cavity structures. Each structure consists of 16 individual cells operating in a pi/2 mode. To keep wake induced energy spread from becoming too large, the coupling apertures (10 cm diam.) are considerably larger than those normally used in L-band cavities. Because of this, the group velocity is about 0.17 c, forcing us to operate them in the standing wave mode.

172

Accelerating Solutions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solutions From vehicles on the road to the energy that powers them, Oak Ridge National Laboratory innovations are advancing American transportation. Oak Ridge National Laboratory is making an impact on everyday America by enhancing transportation choices and quality of life. Through strong collaborative partnerships with industry, ORNL research and development efforts are helping accelerate the deployment of a new generation of energy efficient vehicles powered by domestic, renewable, clean energy. EPA ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel rule ORNL and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory co-led a comprehensive research and test program to determine the effects of diesel fuel sulfur on emissions and emission control (catalyst) technology. In the course of this program, involving

173

Observation of Synchrotron Radiation from Electrons Accelerated in a Petawatt-Laser-Generated Plasma Cavity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dynamics of plasma electrons in the focus of a petawatt laser beam are studied via measurements of their x-ray synchrotron radiation. With increasing laser intensity, a forward directed beam of x rays extending to 50 keV is observed. The measured x rays are well described in the synchrotron asymptotic limit of electrons oscillating in a plasma channel. The critical energy of the measured synchrotron spectrum is found to scale as the Maxwellian temperature of the simultaneously measured electron spectra. At low laser intensity transverse oscillations are negligible as the electrons are predominantly accelerated axially by the laser generated wakefield. At high laser intensity, electrons are directly accelerated by the laser and enter a highly radiative regime with up to 5% of their energy converted into x rays.

Kneip, S.; Nagel, S. R.; Bellei, C.; Dangor, A. E.; Mangles, S. P. D.; Nilson, P. M.; Willingale, L.; Najmudin, Z. [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Bourgeois, N.; Marques, J. R. [Laboratoire pour l'Utilisation des Lasers Intenses, Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau (France); Gopal, A. [Department of Electronics, Technological Educational Institute of Crete, Romanou, 3-GR73133 Chania (Greece); Heathcote, R. [Central Laser Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Oxon OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Maksimchuk, A.; Reed, S. [Center for Ultrafast Optical Science (CUOS) University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Phuoc, K. Ta; Rousse, A. [Laboratoire d'Optique Applique, ENSTA, Ecole Polytechnique, 91761 Palaiseau (France); Tzoufras, M.; Tsung, F. S.; Mori, W. B. [Department of Physics and Astronomy and Department of Electrical Engineering, UCLA, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States); Krushelnick, K. [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Center for Ultrafast Optical Science (CUOS) University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)

2008-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

174

Acceleration Modules in Linear Induction Accelerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Linear Induction Accelerator (LIA) is a unique type of accelerator, which is capable to accelerate kiloAmpere charged particle current to tens of MeV energy. The present development of LIA in MHz busting mode and successful application into synchrotron broaden LIAs usage scope. Although transformer model is widely used to explain the acceleration mechanism of LIAs, it is not appropriate to consider the induction electric field as the field which accelerates charged particles for many modern LIAs. Authors examined the transition of the magnetic cores functions during LIA acceleration modules evolution, distinguished transformer type and transmission line type LIA acceleration modules, and reconsidered several related issues based on transmission line type LIA acceleration module. The clarified understanding should be helpful in the further development and design of the LIA acceleration modules.

Wang, Shaoheng

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Development of a Dielectric-loaded Accelerating Structure with...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and wakefield power extractors. The new principle for HOM absorption is based on electron paramagnetic resonance. The dielectric tube of the DLA has to be doped with a...

176

--No Title--  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Search Argonne ... Search Argonne Home > High Energy Physics Division > AWA > Overview AWA Facilities AAWA Home Page AWA Activities AWA Facilities AWA Group Meetings AWA News AWA...

177

A possible experiment at LEUTL to characterize surface roughness Wakefield effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Advanced Photon Source (APS) Linear Accelerator,Line (LEUTL) at the Advanced Photon Source (APS) at Argonne

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

SLAC/CERN High Gradient Tests of An X Band Accelerating Section  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High frequency linear collider schemes envisage the use of rather high accelerating gradients: 50 to 100 MV/m for X-band and 80 MV/m for CLIC. Because these gradients are well above those commonly used in accelerators, high gradient studies of high frequency structures have been initiated and test facilities have been constructed at KEK [1], SLAC [2] and CERN [3]. The studies seek to demonstrate that the above mentioned gradients are both achievable and practical. There is no well-defined criterion for the maximum acceptable level of dark current but it must be low enough not to generate unacceptable transverse wakefields, disturb beam position monitor readings or cause RF power losses. Because there are of the order of 10,000 accelerating sections in a high frequency linear collider, the conditioning process should not be too long or difficult. The test facilities have been instrumented to allow investigation of field emission and RF breakdown mechanisms. With an understanding of these effects, the high gradient performance of accelerating sections may be improved through modifications in geometry, fabrication methods and surface finish. These high gradient test facilities also allow the ultimate performance of high frequency/short pulse length accelerating structures to be probed. This report describes the high gradient test at SLAC of an X-band accelerating section built at CERN using technology developed for CLIC.

Loewen, Roderick J

2003-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

179

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

AAI Home AAI Home Welcome Accelerators at Argonne Mission Organization History Document Collection Conferences & Workshops Beams and Applications Seminar Argonne-Fermilab Collaboration Lee Teng Scholarship Program Useful Links Argonne Accelerator Institute In 2006, Argonne Laboratory Director Robert Rosner formed the AAI as a focal point for accelerator initiatives. The institute works to utilize Argonne's extensive accelerator resources, to enhance existing facilities, to determine the future of accelerator development and construction, and to oversee a dynamic and acclaimed accelerator physics portfolio. More Information for: Members * Students Industrial Collaborators - Working with Argonne Link to: Accelerators for America's Future Upcoming Events and News 4th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC'13)

180

Science Accelerator Widget  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Science Accelerator Widget You can now explore multiple Science Accelerator features through the new tabbed widget. Download this tool via the 'Get Widget Options' link or by...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wakefield accelerator awa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accelerators at Argonne Argonne has a long and continuing history of participation in accelerator based, and user oriented facilities. The Zero-Gradient Synchrotron, which began...

182

Focusing in Linear Accelerators  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

Review of the theory of focusing in linear accelerators with comments on the incompatibility of phase stability and first-order focusing in a simple accelerator.

McMillan, E. M.

1950-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

183

Microsoft Word - 031conde.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

electrons bunches. Keywords: wakefield acceleration, high gradient, dielectric structure PACS: 41.75.Lx, 41.60.-m, 41.75.Ht INTRODUCTION The Argonne Wakefield Accelerator...

184

--No Title--  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Notes primarily for internal use by the Argonne Wakefield Accelerator Group. WF-241 Study of Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration Scheme in Possible FEL Applications, C....

185

NIST MIRF - Accelerator Radiation Physics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accelerator Radiation Physics. Medium-energy accelerators are under investigation for production of channeling radiation ...

186

Fermilab | Illinois Accelerator Research Center | Illinois Accelerator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

photo: IARC photo: IARC As envisioned, the Illinois Accelerator Research Center will provide approximately 83,000 square feet of technical, office and classroom space for scientists and industrial partners. The Illinois Accelerator Research Center (IARC) is a new accelerator research facility being built at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. At the Illinois Accelerator Research Center, scientists and engineers from Fermilab, Argonne and Illinois universities will work side by side with industrial partners to research and develop breakthroughs in accelerator science and translate them into applications for the nation's health, wealth and security. Located on the Fermilab campus this 83,000 square foot, state-of-the-art facility will house offices, technical and educational space to study

187

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - SLAC National Accelerator...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Security Notice and Terms of Use Updated January 3, 2005 PRIVACY NOTICE Welcome to the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory website. We collect no personal information about you...

188

On using moving windows in finite element time domain simulation for long accelerator structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A finite element moving window technique is developed to simulate the propagation of electromagnetic waves induced by the transit of a charged particle beam inside large and long structures. The window moving along with the beam in the computational domain adopts high-order finite element basis functions through p refinement and/or a high-resolution mesh through h refinement so that a sufficient accuracy is attained with substantially reduced computational costs. Algorithms to transfer discretized fields from one mesh to another, which are the keys to implementing a moving window in a finite element unstructured mesh, are presented. Numerical experiments are carried out using the moving window technique to compute short-range wakefields in long accelerator structures. The results are compared with those obtained from the normal finite element time domain (FETD) method and the advantages of using the moving window technique are discussed.

Lee, L.-Q., E-mail: liequan@gmail.co [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 2575 Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States); Candel, Arno; Ng, Cho; Ko, Kwok [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 2575 Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States)

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

189

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research and Development Research and Development Click to download a PDF version of this document. PDF Focus Research Areas Fundamental Accelerator Physics: Theory Importance Accelerator physics research is normally associated with specific accelerator projects. As a scientific discipline, however, it is useful to study fundamental accelerator phenomena decoupled, as much as possible, from specific project aspects. Pursuit of fundamental accelerator physics in this sense has contributed significantly to the advance of the accelerator physics knowledgebase during the last several decades, clarifying the limitations and suggesting ways to overcome those limitations. Such basic research tends to be discouraged in a project-driven environment. For sustained and significant progress in

190

Facility for Advanced Accelerator Experimental Tests at SLAC (FACET) Conceptual Design Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Conceptual Design Report (CDR) describes the design of FACET. It will be updated to stay current with the developing design of the facility. This CDR begins as the baseline conceptual design and will evolve into an 'as-built' manual for the completed facility. The Executive Summary, Chapter 1, gives an introduction to the FACET project and describes the salient features of its design. Chapter 2 gives an overview of FACET. It describes the general parameters of the machine and the basic approaches to implementation. The FACET project does not include the implementation of specific scientific experiments either for plasma wake-field acceleration for other applications. Nonetheless, enough work has been done to define potential experiments to assure that the facility can meet the requirements of the experimental community. Chapter 3, Scientific Case, describes the planned plasma wakefield and other experiments. Chapter 4, Technical Description of FACET, describes the parameters and design of all technical systems of FACET. FACET uses the first two thirds of the existing SLAC linac to accelerate the beam to about 20GeV, and compress it with the aid of two chicanes, located in Sector 10 and Sector 20. The Sector 20 area will include a focusing system, the generic experimental area and the beam dump. Chapter 5, Management of Scientific Program, describes the management of the scientific program at FACET. Chapter 6, Environment, Safety and Health and Quality Assurance, describes the existing programs at SLAC and their application to the FACET project. It includes a preliminary analysis of safety hazards and the planned mitigation. Chapter 7, Work Breakdown Structure, describes the structure used for developing the cost estimates, which will also be used to manage the project. The chapter defines the scope of work of each element down to level 3.

Amann, J.; Bane, K.; /SLAC

2009-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

191

RHIC | Accelerator Complex  

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RHIC Accelerators RHIC Accelerators The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider complex is actually composed of a long "chain" of particle accelerators Heavy ions begin their travels in the Electron Beam Ion Source accelerator (1). The ions then travel to the small, circular Booster (3) where, with each pass, they are accelerated to higher energy. From the Booster, ions travel to the Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (4), which then injects the beams via a beamline (5) into the two rings of RHIC (6). In RHIC, the beams get a final accelerator "kick up" in energy from radio waves. Once accelerated, the ions can "orbit" inside the rings for hours. RHIC can also conduct colliding-beam experiments with polarized protons. These are first accelerated in the Linac (2), and further in the Booster (3), AGS (4), and

192

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

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GEM - GeV Electron Microtron (design report 1982) The GEM design report describes a novel six-sided CW microtron for accelerating electrons to 4 GeV. This accelerator design was...

193

Accelerating Electric Vehicle Deployment | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Accelerating Electric Vehicle Deployment Accelerating Electric Vehicle Deployment Accelerating Electric Vehicle Deployment Accelerating Electric Vehicle Deployment More Documents &...

194

Laser wakefield simulation using a speed-of-light frame envelope model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Laser wake?eld simulation using a speed-of-light frameAbstract. Simulation of laser wake?eld accelerator (LWFA)extend hundreds of laser wave- lengths transversely and many

Cowan, B.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Far field acceleration  

SciTech Connect

Far fields are propagating electromagnetic waves far from their source, boundary surfaces, and free charges. The general principles governing the acceleration of charged particles by far fields are reviewed. A survey of proposed field configurations is given. The two most important schemes, Inverse Cerenkov acceleration and Inverse free electron laser acceleration, are discussed in detail.

Fernow, R.C.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

What is an accelerator operator?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is an accelerator operator? First I'll explain the education one must have in order to be considered for an Accelerator Operator position. Jefferson Lab's typical Accelerator...

197

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

AAI Homepage Lee Teng Scholarship Program USPAS Argonne Department of Education Fermilab Education Office For Students Many scientific advances are made using accelerators. The world of High Energy Particle Physics has driven this field and continues to depend largely on accelerators. Increasingly advances in materials science, chemistry, biology and environmental science are being made at accelerators using x-ray and neutrons to probe matter. Accelerators have a number of commercial applications including isotope production for use in medicine, cancer treatment, processing semiconductor chips, and so on. Presently there are around 15,000 accelerators worldwide. Approximately 97% of these are used for commercial applications. However several hundred are in use

198

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - Director of Accelerator...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Committee on Appropriations asked the US Department of Energy (DOE) to submit a strategic plan for accelerator R&D by June 2012. The DOE asked me to lead a task force to...

199

High brightness electron accelerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact high brightness linear accelerator is provided for use, e.g., in a free electron laser. The accelerator has a first plurality of acclerating cavities having end walls with four coupling slots for accelerating electrons to high velocities in the absence of quadrupole fields. A second plurality of cavities receives the high velocity electrons for further acceleration, where each of the second cavities has end walls with two coupling slots for acceleration in the absence of dipole fields. The accelerator also includes a first cavity with an extended length to provide for phase matching the electron beam along the accelerating cavities. A solenoid is provided about the photocathode that emits the electrons, where the solenoid is configured to provide a substantially uniform magnetic field over the photocathode surface to minimize emittance of the electrons as the electrons enter the first cavity.

Sheffield, R.L.; Carlsten, B.E.; Young, L.M.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

200

Acceleration in astrophysics  

SciTech Connect

The origin of cosmic rays and applicable laboratory experiments are discussed. Some of the problems of shock acceleration for the production of cosmic rays are discussed in the context of astrophysical conditions. These are: The presumed unique explanation of the power law spectrum is shown instead to be a universal property of all lossy accelerators; the extraordinary isotropy of cosmic rays and the limited diffusion distances implied by supernova induced shock acceleration requires a more frequent and space-filling source than supernovae; the near perfect adiabaticity of strong hydromagnetic turbulence necessary for reflecting the accelerated particles each doubling in energy roughly 10{sup 5} to {sup 6} scatterings with negligible energy loss seems most unlikely; the evidence for acceleration due to quasi-parallel heliosphere shocks is weak. There is small evidence for the expected strong hydromagnetic turbulence, and instead, only a small number of particles accelerate after only a few shock traversals; the acceleration of electrons in the same collisionless shock that accelerates ions is difficult to reconcile with the theoretical picture of strong hydromagnetic turbulence that reflects the ions. The hydromagnetic turbulence will appear adiabatic to the electrons at their much higher Larmor frequency and so the electrons should not be scattered incoherently as they must be for acceleration. Therefore the electrons must be accelerated by a different mechanism. This is unsatisfactory, because wherever electrons are accelerated these sites, observed in radio emission, may accelerate ions more favorably. The acceleration is coherent provided the reconnection is coherent, in which case the total flux, as for example of collimated radio sources, predicts single charge accelerated energies much greater than observed.

Colgate, S.A.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wakefield accelerator awa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

--No Title--  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Award > AWA Home Page AWA News AWA Facilities AWA Activities WF Notes AWA Group Meetings AWA Safety Discussions Other Related Links Security and Privacy Notice AGN Notes (Internal)...

202

HIGH-GRADIENT, HIGH-TRANSFORMER-RATIO, DIELECTRIC WAKE FIELD ACCELERATOR  

SciTech Connect

The Phase I work reported here responds to DoE'ss stated need "...to develop improved accelerator designs that can provide very high gradient (>200 MV/m for electrons...) acceleration of intense bunches of particles." Omega-P'?s approach to this goal is through use of a ramped train of annular electron bunches to drive a coaxial dielectric wakefield accelerator (CDWA) structure. This approach is a direct extension of the CDWA concept from acceleration in wake fields caused by a single drive bunch, to the more efficient acceleration that we predict can be realized from a tailored (or ramped) train of several drive bunches. This is possible because of a much higher transformer ratio for the latter. The CDWA structure itself has a number of unique features, including: a high accelerating gradient G, potentially with G > 1 GeV/m; continuous energy coupling from drive to test bunches without transfer structures; inherent transverse focusing forces for particles in the accelerated bunch; highly stable motion of high charge annular drive bunches; acceptable alignment tolerances for a multi-section system. What is new in the present approach is that the coaxial dielectric structure is now to be energized by-not one-?but by a short train of ramped annular-shaped drive bunches moving in the outer coaxial channel of the structure. We have shown that this allows acceleration of an electron bunch traveling along the axis in the inner channel with a markedly higher transformer ratio T than for a single drive bunch. As described in this report, the structure will be a GHz-scale prototype with cm-scale transverse dimensions that is expected to confirm principles that can be applied to the design of a future THz-scale high gradient (> 500 MV/m) accelerator with mm-scale transverse dimensions. We show here a new means to significantly increase the transformer ratio T of the device, and thereby to significantly improve its suitability as a flexible and effective component in a future high energy, high gradient accelerator facility. We predict that the T of a high gradient CDWA can be increased by a substantial factor; this enhancement is dramatically greater than what has been demonstrated heretofore. This large enhancement in T that we predict arises from using a train of three or four drive bunches in which the spacing of the bunches and their respective charges are selected according to a simple principle that requires each bunch lose energy to the wakefields at the same rate, so as not to sacrifice drive beam efficiency?¢????as would be the case if one bunch exhausted its available energy while others had not. It is anticipated that results from the study proposed here can have a direct impact on design of the dielectric accelerator in a TeV-scale collider concept, and in the accelerator for an x-ray FEL.

Jay L. Hirshfield

2012-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

203

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mission Mission The mission of the Argonne Accelerator Institute is centered upon the following related goals: Locate next generation accelerator facilities in Northern Illinois Advance accelerator technology Oversee a selected, strategic, lab-wide, and acclaimed accelerator R&D portfolio In order to accomplish the above goals, the institute has established five objectives. These are coupled to programmatic objectives, and are dependent on each other, but they serve to identify important areas for the institute to focus its activities. Educate the "next generation" of accelerator physicists and engineers Work with area Universities to establish Joint Appointments and Adjunct Professorships Identify students Provide research opportunities at Argonne Work with the US Particle Accelerator School

204

BNL | Accelerator Test Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accelerator Test Facility Accelerator Test Facility Home Core Capabilities Photoinjector S-Band Linac Laser Systems CO2 Laser Nd:Yag Laser Beamlines Beamline Simulation Data Beamline Parameters Beam Diagnostics Detectors Beam Schedule Operations Resources Fact Sheet (.pdf) Image Library Upgrade Proposal (.pdf) Publications ES&H Experiment Start-up ATF Handbook Laser Safety Collider-Accelerator Dept. C-AD ES&H Resources Staff Users' Place Apply for Access ATF photo ATF photo ATF photo ATF photo ATF photo A user facility for advanced accelerator research The Brookhaven Accelerator Test Facility (ATF) is a proposal driven, steering committee reviewed facility that provides users with high-brightness electron- and laser-beams. The ATF pioneered the concept of a user facility for studying complex properties of modern accelerators and

205

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Welcome Welcome In 2006, Argonne laboratory director Robert Rosner formed the AAI as a focal point for accelerator initiatives. The institute works to utilize Argonne's extensive accelerator resources, to enhance existing facilities, to determine the future of accelerator development and construction, and to oversee a dynamic and acclaimed accelerator physics portfolio. I invite you to look around the content of this web site. Accelerators at Argonne describes our rich heritage in this field, particularly with respect to the development and support of user facilities. Initiatives describes the things we are hoping to do, and Research & Development discusses our research portfolio. If you are a graduate or undergraduate student wishing to pursue a career in accelerator science or technology, please see Educational

206

North Linear Accelerator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

North Linear Accelerator North Linear Accelerator Building Exterior Beam Enclosure Level Walk to the North Spreader North Recombiner Extras! North Linear Accelerator The North Linear Accelerator is one of the two long, straight sections of Jefferson Lab's accelerator. Electrons gain energy in this section by passing through acceleration cavities. There are 160 cavities in this straightaway, all lined up end to end. That's enough cavities to increase an electron's energy by 400 million volts each time it passes through this section. Electrons can pass though this section as many as five times! The cavities are powered by microwaves that travel down the skinny rectangular pipes from the service buildings above ground. Since the cavities won't work right unless they are kept very cold, they

207

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Argonne Accelerator History Document Collection The Argonne Accelerator History Document Collection The Argonne Accelerator Institute (AAI) has established a special collection of archived documents which describe notable Argonne accelerator work of the past 50 years. A list of such Argonne Accelerator Projects is given below. Each project is described briefly, with links to archived documents in this collection. This collection includes important Argonne accelerator documents which may have become difficult to locate, as well as ones which have broad scope. In keeping with its historical purpose, this collection only covers work done 10 or more years ago. Many of the listed documents are available online. We hope to make more of them available online in the future. [For several of the projects, interesting additional online documents can be found by

208

accelerators for ATI  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Building Accelerator Analogs Building Accelerator Analogs Some QuarkNet centers have built "accelerators." No, they are not real but can be used as analogs to real particle accelerators. The real learning comes, of course, when you plan and experiment on your own, but this may give you some starting points. Things to Think About What are your objectives? To make an analogy for particle accelerators? To use classical physics qualitatively? To use classical physics quantitatively? To measure forces, speed, etc.? _______________ Who is your target audience— in an Associate Teacher Institute or their students or both? What do the participants need to know before beginning? Jawbreaker Accelerator Pressurized gas shoots jawbreakers through PVC pipe into a fixed target (brick) or into each other. The original speeds and masses are measured as are those of the resulting particles.

209

Optically pulsed electron accelerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optically pulsed electron accelerator can be used as an injector for a free electron laser and comprises a pulsed light source, such as a laser, for providing discrete incident light pulses. A photoemissive electron source emits electron bursts having the same duration as the incident light pulses when impinged upon by same. The photoemissive electron source is located on an inside wall of a radiofrequency-powered accelerator cell which accelerates the electron burst emitted by the photoemissive electron source.

Fraser, J.S.; Sheffield, R.L.

1985-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

210

Optically pulsed electron accelerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optically pulsed electron accelerator can be used as an injector for a free electron laser and comprises a pulsed light source, such as a laser, for providing discrete incident light pulses. A photoemissive electron source emits electron bursts having the same duration as the incident light pulses when impinged upon by same. The photoemissive electron source is located on an inside wall of a radio frequency powered accelerator cell which accelerates the electron burst emitted by the photoemissive electron source.

Fraser, John S. (Los Alamos, NM); Sheffield, Richard L. (Los Alamos, NM)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

ACCELERATION RESPONSIVE SWITCH  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An acceleration-responsive device with dual channel capabilities whereby a first circuit is actuated upon attainment of a predetermined maximum acceleration level and when the acceleration drops to a predetermined minimum acceleriltion level another circuit is actuated is described. A fluid-damped sensing mass slidably mounted in a relatively frictionless manner on a shaft through the intermediation of a ball bushing and biased by an adjustable compression spring provides inertially operated means for actuating the circuits. (AEC)

Chabrek, A.F.; Maxwell, R.L.

1963-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Novel Methods in the Particle-In-Cell Accelerator Code-Framework Warp  

SciTech Connect

The Particle-In-Cell (PIC) Code-Framework Warp is being developed by the Heavy Ion Fusion Science Virtual National Laboratory (HIFS-VNL) to guide the development of accelerators that can deliver beams suitable for high energy density experiments and implosion of inertial fusion capsules. It is also applied in various areas outside the Heavy Ion Fusion program to the study and design of existing and next-generation high-energy accelerators, including the study of electron cloud effects and laser wakefield acceleration for example. This paper presents an overview of Warps capabilities, summarizing recent original numerical methods that were developed by the HIFS-VNL (including Particle-In-Cell with Adaptive Mesh Refinement, a large-timestep drift-Lorentz mover for arbitrarily magnetized species, a relativistic Lorentz invariant leapfrog particle pusher, simulations in Lorentz boosted frames, an electromagnetic solver with tunable numerical dispersion and efficient stride20 based digital filtering), with great emphasis on the description of the mesh refinement capability. Selected examples of applications of the methods to the abovementioned fields are given.

Vay, J. -L.; Grote, D. P.; Cohen, R. H.; Friedman, A.; Grote, D. P.; Cohen, R. H.; Friedman, A.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

SLAC/CERN high gradient tests on an X-band accelerating section  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High frequency linear collider schemes envisage the use of rather high accelerating gradients: 50 to 100 MV/m for X-band and 80 MV/m for CLIC. Because these gradients are well above those commonly used in accelerators, high gradient studies of high frequency structures have been initiated and test facilities have been constructed at KEK [1], SLAC [2] and CERN [3]. The studies seek to demonstrate that the above mentioned gradients are both achievable and practical. There is no well-defined criterion for the maximum acceptable level of dark current but it must be low enough not to generate unacceptable transverse wakefields, disturb beam position monitor readings or cause RF power losses. Because there are of the order of 10,000 accelerating sections in a high frequency linear collider, the conditioning process should not be too long or difficult. The test facilities have been instrumented to allow investigation of field emission and RF breakdown mechanisms. With an understanding of these effects, the high grad...

Wang, J W; Loewen, R J; Ruth, Ronald D; Vlieks, A E; Wilson, Ian H; Wuensch, Walter

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

WF-192  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of the AWA facility (with the upgraded RF gun) which makes use of the step- up transformer structure which we constructed and demonstrated at lower accelerating gradients....

215

Science Accelerator : User Account  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Office of Science Office of Scientific and Technical Information Website PoliciesImportant Links Science Accelerator science.gov WorldWideScience.org Deep Web Technologies...

216

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ICFA Beam Dynamics Mini-Workshop on DeflectingCrabbing Cavity Applications in Accelerators April 21-23, 2010, Cockcroft Institute, Daresbury Laboratory, Warrington, UK Sixth...

217

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Welcome Accelerators at Argonne Mission Organization History Document Collection Conferences & Workshops Beams and Applications Seminar Argonne-Fermilab Collaboration Lee Teng...

218

Human Accelerator - Teacher Overview  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

electrons. The cavities are arranged in two long, straight sections called Linear Accelerators. In this activity, students pass tennis balls down a line like Jefferson Lab's...

219

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(1971). (Located in the Argonne Research Library) Lee Teng Autobiography: Accelerators and I, Beam Dynamics Newsletter, No. 35, p 8-19, December (2004). (Located in Beam...

220

Market Acceleration (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The fact sheet summarizes the goals and activities of the DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program efforts within its market acceleration subprogram.

Not Available

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wakefield accelerator awa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- Document Access Guide ATLAS: A Proposal for a Precision Heavy Ion Accelerator, Argonne National Laboratory, February (1978). (Located in the DOE Information Bridge) The...

222

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fermilab Collaboration Lee Teng Scholarship Program Useful Links Argonne Accelerator Institute: For Industrial Collaborators -- Working with Argonne This link is addressed to...

223

The Accelerator Chain  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Watch video of Fermilab's Accelerators to learn more. Project Contact: Thomas Jordan - jordant@fnal.gov Web Maintainer: qnet-webmaster@fnal.gov Last Update: April 22, 2001...

224

WIPP - CBFO Accelerating Cleanup  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

more information, access DOE Environmental Management site at: http:www.em.doe.govclosure For more information regarding the Accelerating Cleanup: Paths to Closure, contact...

225

Acceleration of polarized protons in circular accelerators  

SciTech Connect

The theory of depolarization in circular accelerators is presented. The spin equation is first expressed in terms of the particle orbit and then converted to the equivalent spinor equation. The spinor equation is then solved for three different situations: (1) a beam on a flat top near a resonance, (2) uniform acceleration through an isolated resonance, and (3) a model of a fast resonance jump. Finally, the depolarization coefficient, epsilon, is calculated in terms of properties of the particle orbit and the results are applied to a calculation of depolarization in the AGS.

Courant, E.D.; Ruth, R.D.

1980-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

226

A steadily growing interest in the accelerator community toward...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

or multiple- channel structures that can support wakefields driven by either a single electron bunch or a train of bunches has provided a strong incentive for the research which we...

227

Accelerators, Beams And Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators And Beams  

SciTech Connect

Accelerator science and technology have evolved as accelerators became larger and important to a broad range of science. Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams was established to serve the accelerator community as a timely, widely circulated, international journal covering the full breadth of accelerators and beams. The history of the journal and the innovations associated with it are reviewed.

Siemann, R.H.; /SLAC

2011-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

228

Microscale acceleration history discriminators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A new class of micromechanical acceleration history discriminators is claimed. These discriminators allow the precise differentiation of a wide range of acceleration-time histories, thereby allowing adaptive events to be triggered in response to the severity (or lack thereof) of an external environment. Such devices have applications in airbag activation, and other safety and surety applications.

Polosky, Marc A. (Albuquerque, NM); Plummer, David W. (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Collider-Accelerator Department  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RHIC Tunnel and Magnets RHIC Tunnel and Magnets RHIC Tunnel and Magnets AGS Tunnel and Magnets NSRL Beamline RF Kicker Snake 200-MeV LINAC AGS Cold Snake Magnet About the Collider-Accelerator Department The mission of the Collider-Accelerator Department is to develop, improve and operate the suite of particle / heavy ion accelerators used to carry out the program of accelerator-based experiments at BNL; to support the experimental program including design, construction and operation of the beam transports to the experiments plus support of detector and research needs of the experiments; to design and construct new accelerator facilities in support of the BNL and national missions. The C-A Department supports an international user community of over 1500 scientists. The department performs all these functions in an environmentally responsible and safe manner under a rigorous conduct of operations approach.

230

Jar mechanism accelerator  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes an accelerator for use with a jar mechanism in a well pipe string to enhance the jarring impact delivered to a stuck object wherein the jar mechanism includes inner and outer members for connection, respectively, between the well pipe string the stuck object. The jar mechanism members are constructed to (1) restrict relative longitudinal movement therebetween to build up energy in the well pipe string and accelerator and then (2) to release the jar mechanism members for unrestrained, free relative longitudinal movement therebetween to engage jarring surfaces on the jar mechanism members for delivering a jarring impact to the stuck object. The accelerator includes: inner and outer telescopically connected members relatively movable longitudinally to accumulate energy in the accelerator; the inner and outer accelerator members each having means for connecting the accelerator in the well pipe string; means associated with the inner and outer members for initially accomodating a predetermined minimum length of unrestrained, free relative longitudinal movement between the inner and outer accelerator members.

Anderson, E.A.; Webb, D.D.

1989-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

231

BNL | Accelerating Particles Accelerates Science - With Big Benefits...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

program focused on developing the next crop of bold accelerator scientists and engineers. Photo of CASE participants The Center for Accelerator Science and Education (CASE)...

232

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

AAI Home AAI Home Welcome Accelerators at Argonne Mission Organization History Document Collection Conferences & Workshops Beams and Applications Seminar Argonne-Fermilab Collaboration Lee Teng Scholarship Program Useful Links Organization The Argonne Accelerator Institute is a matrixed organization. Its members and fellows reside in programmatic Argonne divisions. The Institute reports to the Associate Laboratory Director for Photon Science), and the administrative functions of the Institute are within the PSC directorate. Director: Rodney Gerig Associate Director: Hendrik Weerts ( Director of High Energy Physics Division) Associate Director: Sasha Zholents (Director of Accelerator Systems Division) Associate Director: Robert Janssens ( Director of Argonne Physics Division)

233

Superfund accelerated cleanup model  

SciTech Connect

In an effort to speed and maximize cleanup of the worst sites first, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) developed the Superfund Accelerated Cleanup Model (SACM). SACM streamlines the Superfund process so hazardous waste sites can be addressed quicker and in a more cost effective manner. EPA Regional offices developed a number of pilot projects to test the principles of SACM. Although many pilots are underway in the Regions, the pilots described here involve four areas: accelerating cleanup through early actions; integrating site assessments; using Regional Decision Teams to establish priorities; and accelerating cleanup through the use of new technology.

Not Available

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

The Fast Lane: Fermilab's Accelerators  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lane: Accelerators at Fermilab Introduction Introduction to Accelerators Accelerator Chain Cockcroft-Walton How it works How it looks Linac How it works How it looks Booster How it...

235

The Particle Adventure | Accelerators and Particle Detectors  

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Waves and particles The world's meterstick Mass and energy Energy-mass conversion Accelerators How to obtain particles to accelerate Accelerating particles Accelerating...

236

C-AD Accelerator Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accelerator Division Accelerator Division The Accelerator Division operates and continually upgrades a complex of eight accelerators: 2 Tandem Van de Graaff electrostatic accelerators, an Electron Beam Ion Source (EBIS), a 200 MeV proton Linac, the AGS Booster, the Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (AGS), and the 2 rings of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). These machines serve user programs at the Tandems, the Brookhaven Linac Isotope Producer (BLIP), the NASA Space Radiation Laboratory (NSRL), and the 2 RHIC experiments STAR, and PHENIX. The Division also supports the development of new accelerators and accelerator components. Contact Personnel Division Head: Wolfram Fischer Deputy Head: Joe Tuozzolo Division Secretary: Anna Petway Accelerator Physics: Michael Blaskiewicz

237

Accelerated Aging of Roofing Surfaces  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ohio CRRC, Arizona CRRC, Florida CRRC, Ohio 6 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Approach: develop accelerated aging method Accelerated soiling (atmospheric...

238

Physics Out Loud - Particle Accelerator  

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Nucleus Previous Video (Nucleus) Physics Out Loud Main Index Next Video (Particle Resonance) Particle Resonance Particle Accelerator Andrew Hutton, Director of Accelerators at...

239

Linear Accelerator | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

electrons emitted from a cathode heated to 1100 C. The electrons are accelerated by high-voltage alternating electric fields in a linear accelerator (linac; photo below)....

240

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Quarterly Meetings Quarterly Meetings November 29, 2011 Held at the Advanced Photon Source, Argonne, IL DOE Accelerator R&D Task Force - M. White February 17, 2010 Held at the Advanced Photon Source, Argonne, IL June 16, 2009 General Updates - R. Gerig Accelerator Developments in Physics Division - R. Janssens Proposal for Argonne SRF Facility - M. Kelly Accelerator Developments in HEP Division - W. Gai Beam Activities of the DOD Project Office-Focus on the Navy FEL - S. Biedron AAI Historical Collection - T. Fields November 24, 2008 Strategic Theme Forum Meeting - This meeting was held to gather information on the Accelerator Science and Technology Theme to establish the Argonne's Strategic Plan January 9, 2008 Opening Remarks - R. Gerig ILC Planning - J. Carwardine Argonne Participation in Project X - P. Ostroumov

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wakefield accelerator awa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Charged particle accelerator grating  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A readily disposable and replaceable accelerator grating for a relativistic particle accelerator is described. The grating is formed for a plurality of liquid droplets that are directed in precisely positioned jet streams to periodically dispose rows of droplets along the borders of a predetermined particle beam path. A plurality of lasers are used to direct laser beams onto the droplets, at predetermined angles, thereby to excite the droplets to support electromagnetic accelerating resonances on their surfaces. Those resonances operate to accelerate and focus particles moving along the beam path. As the droplets are distorted or destroyed by the incoming radiation, they are replaced at a predetermined frequency by other droplets supplied through the jet streams.

Palmer, R.B.

1985-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

242

HEAVY ION LINEAR ACCELERATOR  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A linear accelerator of heavy ions is described. The basic contributions of the invention consist of a method and apparatus for obtaining high energy particles of an element with an increased charge-to-mass ratio. The method comprises the steps of ionizing the atoms of an element, accelerating the resultant ions to an energy substantially equal to one Mev per nucleon, stripping orbital electrons from the accelerated ions by passing the ions through a curtain of elemental vapor disposed transversely of the path of the ions to provide a second charge-to-mass ratio, and finally accelerating the resultant stripped ions to a final energy of at least ten Mev per nucleon.

Van Atta, C.M.; Beringer, R.; Smith, L.

1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

--No Title--  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ramped Bunch Train > HEP Home Page AWA Home Page AWA Activities AWA Facilities AWA Group Meetings AWA News AWA QR Codes AWA Safety Discussions AWA Safety & Procedure Manual WF...

244

--No Title--  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Search Argonne Home > High Energy Physics Division > AWA Home Page > HEP Home Page AWA Home Page AWA Activities AWA Facilities AWA Group Meetings AWA News AWA QR Codes AWA Safety...

245

CEBAF accelerator achievements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the past decade, nuclear physics users of Jefferson Lab's Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) have benefited from accelerator physics advances and machine improvements. As of early 2011, CEBAF operates routinely at 6 GeV, with a 12 GeV upgrade underway. This article reports highlights of CEBAF's scientific and technological evolution in the areas of cryomodule refurbishment, RF control, polarized source development, beam transport for parity experiments, magnets and hysteresis handling, beam breakup, and helium refrigerator operational optimization.

Y.C. Chao, M. Drury, C. Hovater, A. Hutton, G.A. Krafft, M. Poelker, C. Reece, M. Tiefenback

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Accelerating Turing Machines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accelerating Turing machines are Turing machines of a sort able to perform tasks that are commonly regarded as impossible for Turing machines. For example, they can determine whether or not the decimal representation of ? contains n consecutive 7s, ... Keywords: ?-machine, Chinese room argument, ChurchTuring thesis, accelerating Turing machine, decision problem, effective procedure, halting problem, hypercomputation, hypercomputer, infinity machine, oracle machine, super-task

B. Jack Copeland

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Plasma-based accelerator structures  

SciTech Connect

Plasma-based accelerators have the ability to sustain extremely large accelerating gradients, with possible high-energy physics applications. This dissertation further develops the theory of plasma-based accelerators by addressing three topics: the performance of a hollow plasma channel as an accelerating structure, the generation of ultrashort electron bunches, and the propagation of laser pulses is underdense plasmas.

Schroeder, Carl B.

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Collective Acceleration in Solar Flares  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Laboratory UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA Accelerator & FusionLaboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (2)

Barletta, W.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

BNL | Our History: Accelerators  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

> See also: Reactors > See also: Reactors A History of Leadership in Particle Accelerator Design Cosmotron Cosmotron (1952-1966) Early in Brookhaven Lab history, the consortium of universities responsible for founding the new research center, decided that Brookhaven should provide leading facilities for high energy physics research. In April 1948, the Atomic Energy Commission approved a plan for a proton synchrotron to be built at Brookhaven. The new machine would accelerate protons to previously unheard of energies-comparable to the cosmic rays showering the earth's outer atmosphere. It would be called the Cosmotron. The Cosmotron was the first accelerator in the world to send particles to energies in the billion electron volt, or GeV, region. The machine reached its full design energy of 3.3 GeV in 1953.

250

Accelerator Update | Archive | 2012  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Accelerator Update Archive 2 Accelerator Update Archive April 27, 2012 - April 30, 2012 NuMI reported receiving 7.67E18 protons on target for the period from 4/23/12 to 4/30/12. The Booster developed an aperture restriction that required lower beam intensity Main Injector personnel completed their last study The shutdown begins Linac, MTA, and Booster will continue using beam for one or two more weeks Linac will supply the Neutron Therapy Facility beam for most of the shutdown April 25, 2012 - April 27, 2012 Booster beam stop problem repaired Beam to all experiments will shut off at midnight on Monday morning, 4/30/12. Main Injector will continue to take beam until 6 AM on Monday morning. Linac, the Neutron Therapy Facility, MTA, and Booster will continue using beam for one or two more weeks. The Fermi Accelerator Complex will be in shutdown for approximately one year

251

ORELA accelerator facility  

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The Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator The Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator Pulsed Neutron Source The ORELA is a powerful electron accelerator-based neutron source located in the Physics Division of Oak Ridge National Laboratory. It produces intense, nanosecond bursts of neutrons, each burst containing neutrons with energies from 10e-03 to 10e08 eV. ORELA is operated about 1200 hours per year and is an ORNL User Facility open to university, national laboratory and industrial scientists. The mission of ORELA has changed from a recent focus on applied research to nuclear astrophysics. This is an area in which ORELA has historically been very productive: most of the measurements of neutron capture cross sections necessary for understanding heavy element nucleosynthesis through the slow neutron capture process (s-process) have

252

Modeling of 10 GeV-1 TeV laser-plasma accelerators using Lorentz booster simulations  

SciTech Connect

Modeling of laser-plasma wakefield accelerators in an optimal frame of reference [J.-L. Vay, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98 130405 (2007)] allows direct and e#14;fficient full-scale modeling of deeply depleted and beam loaded laser-plasma stages of 10 GeV-1 TeV (parameters not computationally accessible otherwise). This verifies the scaling of plasma accelerators to very high energies and accurately models the laser evolution and the accelerated electron beam transverse dynamics and energy spread. Over 4, 5 and 6 orders of magnitude speedup is achieved for the modeling of 10 GeV, 100 GeV and 1 TeV class stages, respectively. Agreement at the percentage level is demonstrated between simulations using different frames of reference for a 0.1 GeV class stage. Obtaining these speedups and levels of accuracy was permitted by solutions for handling data input (in particular particle and laser beams injection) and output in a relativistically boosted frame of reference, as well as mitigation of a high-frequency instability that otherwise limits effectiveness.

Vay, J.-L.; Geddes, C.G.R.; Esarey, E.; Esarey, E.; Leemans, W.P.; Cormier-Michel, E.; Grote, D.P.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Interfacing to accelerator instrumentation  

SciTech Connect

As the sensory system for an accelerator, the beam instrumentation provides a tremendous amount of diagnostic information. Access to this information can vary from periodic spot checks by operators to high bandwidth data acquisition during studies. In this paper, example applications will illustrate the requirements on interfaces between the control system and the instrumentation hardware. A survey of the major accelerator facilities will identify the most popular interface standards. The impact of developments such as isochronous protocols and embedded digital signal processing will also be discussed.

Shea, T.J.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

254

High intensity hadron accelerators  

SciTech Connect

This rapporteur report consists mainly of two parts. Part I is an abridged review of the status of all High Intensity Hadron Accelerator projects in the world in semi-tabulated form for quick reference and comparison. Part II is a brief discussion of the salient features of the different technologies involved. The discussion is based mainly on my personal experiences and opinions, tempered, I hope, by the discussions I participated in in the various parallel sessions of the workshop. In addition, appended at the end is my evaluation and expression of the merits of high intensity hadron accelerators as research facilities for nuclear and particle physics.

Teng, L.C.

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

An accelerator technology legacy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accelerator technology has been a major beneficiary of the investment made over the last decade. It is the intention of this paper to provide the reader with a glimpse of the broad nature of those advances. Development has been on a broad front and this paper can highlight only a few of those. Two spin-off applications will be outlined -- a concept for a compact, active, beam probe for solar body exploration and the concept for an accelerator-driven transmutation system for energy production.

Heighway, E.A.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Accelerating News Issue 5  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this spring issue, we look at developments towards higher luminosity and higher energy colliders. We report on the technology developed for the remote powering of the LHC magnets and studies of diagnostics based on higher order mode port signals. We also inform you about the main outcome of the TIARA survey on market needs for accelerator scientists.

Szeberenyi, A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Portable Linear Accelerator Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes Minac-3, a miniaturized linear accelerator system. It covers the current equipment capabilities and achievable modifications, applications information for prospective users, and technical information on high-energy radiography that is useful for familiarization and planning. The design basis, development, and applications history of Minac are also summarized.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Tightly Coupled Accelerators Architecture for Minimizing Communication Latency among Accelerators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, heterogeneous clusters using accelerators have been widely used in high performance computing systems. In such clusters, inter-node communication among accelerators requires several memory copies via CPU memory, and the communication ... Keywords: GPGPU, Accelerator Computing, Interconnection Network, PCI Express, Remote DMA, CUDA, GPU Direct

Toshihiro Hanawa, Yuetsu Kodama, Taisuke Boku, Mitsuhisa Sato

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Accelerations in Steep Gravity Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surface accelerations can be measured in at least two ways: 1) by a fixed vertical wave guage, 2) by a free-floating buoy. This gives rise to two different vertical accelerations, called respectively apparent and real, or Langrangian. This ...

M. S. Longuet-Higgins

1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

BNL | Accelerators for Scientific Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the development of the next crop of accelerator scientists and engineers, promises to train even more. With its history of building world-class accelerators and its proximity to...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wakefield accelerator awa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

SSRL Accelerator Phycics Home Page  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(29047 bytes) ICFA2000t.gif (31362 bytes) Home Page LCLS Accelerator Physics at SSRL The field tha t can be covered by the Accelerator Physics activities at SSRL is limited...

262

Accelerator Update | Archive | 2010  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

10 Accelerator Update Archive 10 Accelerator Update Archive December 20, 2010 - December 22, 2010 - Three stores provided !32 hours of luminosity - Problems with two Linac quadrupole power supplies - Cryo system technicians work on TEV sector D1 wet engine - TEV quench during checkout - JASMIN's run at MTest ends December 17, 2010 - December 20, 2010 The Integrated Luminosity for the period from 12/13/10 to 12/20/10 was 66.31 inverse picobarns. NuMI reported receiving 7.62E18 protons on target during this same period. - Five Stores provided ~62 hours of luminosity - Operations had trouble with a Linac RF station (LRF3) - Operators tuned the Linac backup source (I- Source) December 15, 2010 - December 17, 2010 - Three stores provided ~36.1 hours of luminosity - MI-52 Septa repaired - NuMI recovered its target LCW system

263

ACCELERATOR SAFETY ENVELOPE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LCASE-001, Ver. 3 LCASE-001, Ver. 3 Linac Commissioning Accelerator Safety Envelope For the National Synchrotron Light Source II Photon Sciences Directorate Version 3 December 8, 2011 Prepared by Brookhaven National Laboratory P.O. Box 5000 Upton, NY 11973-5000 managed by Brookhaven Science Associates for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Basic Energy Science under contract DE-AC02-98CD10886 Linac Commissioning Accelerator Safety Envelope (LCASE) ii Photon Sciences Directorate ii DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, nor any of their contractors, subcontractors, or their employees, makes any warranty,

264

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CWDD - Continuous Wave Deuterium Demonstrator CWDD - Continuous Wave Deuterium Demonstrator The Continuous Wave Deuterium Demonstrator (CWDD) accelerator, a cryogenically-cooled (26K) linac, was designed to accelerate 80 mA cw of D to 7.5 MeV. CWDD was being built to demonstrate the lauching of a beam with characteristics suitable for a space-based neutral particle-beam (NPB). A considerable amount of hardware was constructed and installed in the Argonne-based facility, and major performance milestones were achieved before program funding ended in October 1993. References - Document Access Guide Continuous Wave Deuterium Demonstrator Final Design Review, Grumman Space Systems, Grumman-Culham Laboratory, Los Alamos (1989). (Located in the Argonne Research Library) Recommissioning and first operation of the CWDD injector at Argonne

265

Accelerator Update | Archive | 2009  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9 Accelerator Update Archive 9 Accelerator Update Archive December 18, 2009 - December 21, 2009 The integrated luminosity for the period from 12/14/09 to 12/21/09 was 51.27 inverse picobarns. NuMI reported receiving 6.38E18 protons on target during this same period. - Four stores provided ~62.25 hours of luminosity - Store 7444 had an AIL of 306E30 - BRF19 cavity suffered a vacuum failure and was removed - The Booster West Anode Power Supply suffered some problems December 16, 2009 - December 18, 2009 - Three stores provided ~45 hours of luminosity - PBar kicker problem - MI RF problems December 14, 2009 - December 16, 2009 - Four stores provided ~42 hours of luminosity - Recycler kicker repaired - Booster East Anode Power Supply trips due to BRF1, 2, & 8 December 11, 2009 - December 14, 2009

266

WIPP Accelerating Cleanup  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ACCELERATING CLEANUP: ACCELERATING CLEANUP: PATHS TO CLOSURE CARLSBAD AREA OFFICE JUNE 1998 I. Operations/Field Overview CAO Mission The mission of the Carlsbad Area Office (CAO) is to protect human health and the environment by opening and operating the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) for safe disposal of transuranic (TRU) waste and by establishing an effective system for management of TRU waste from generation to disposal. It includes personnel assigned to CAO, WIPP site operations, transportation, and other activities associated with the National TRU Program (NTP). The CAO develops and directs implementation of the TRU waste program, and assesses compliance with the program guidance, as well as the commonality of activities and assumptions among all TRU waste sites. NTP Program Management

267

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ZGS -- Zero Gradient Synchrotron (operation: 1963 - 1979) ZGS -- Zero Gradient Synchrotron (operation: 1963 - 1979) The ZGS was a 12 GeV weak-focusing proton synchrotron. It was the first high energy physics accelerator located between the U.S. coasts. The ZGS was also the first synchrotron to accelerate spin polarized protons and the first to use H-minus injection. Other noteworthy features of the ZGS program were the large number of university-based users and the pioneering development of large superconducting magnets for bubble chambers and beam transport. References - Document Access Guide History of the ZGS, Argonne, 1979, American Institute of Physics, AIP Conference Proceedings No. 60 (1980). (Located in the Argonne Research Library) High Energy Physics at Argonne National Laboratory, A. Crewe, R.

268

ACCELERATOR SAFETY ENVELOPE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BCASE-001, Ver. 2 BCASE-001, Ver. 2 Booster Commissioning Accelerator Safety Envelope For the National Synchrotron Light Source II Photon Sciences Directorate Version 2 December 8, 2011 Prepared by Brookhaven National Laboratory P.O. Box 5000 Upton, NY 11973-5000 managed by Brookhaven Science Associates for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Basic Energy Science under contract DE-AC02-98CD10886 Booster Commissioning Accelerator Safety Envelope (BCASE) ii Photon Sciences Directorate ii DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, nor any of their contractors, subcontractors, or their employees, makes any warranty,

269

Review of ion accelerators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The field of ion acceleration to higher energies has grown rapidly in the last years. Many new facilities as well as substantial upgrades of existing facilities have extended the mass and energy range of available beams. Perhaps more significant for the long-term development of the field has been the expansion in the applications of these beams, and the building of facilities dedicated to areas outside of nuclear physics. This review will cover many of these new developments. Emphasis will be placed on accelerators with final energies above 50 MeV/amu. Facilities such as superconducting cyclotrons and storage rings are adequately covered in other review papers, and so will not be covered here.

Alonso, J.

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Accelerators for Cancer Therapy  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

The vast majority of radiation treatments for cancerous tumors are given using electron linacs that provide both electrons and photons at several energies. Design and construction of these linacs are based on mature technology that is rapidly becoming more and more standardized and sophisticated. The use of hadrons such as neutrons, protons, alphas, or carbon, oxygen and neon ions is relatively new. Accelerators for hadron therapy are far from standardized, but the use of hadron therapy as an alternative to conventional radiation has led to significant improvements and refinements in conventional treatment techniques. This paper presents the rationale for radiation therapy, describes the accelerators used in conventional and hadron therapy, and outlines the issues that must still be resolved in the emerging field of hadron therapy.

Lennox, Arlene J.

2000-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

271

Research | SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accelerators and Society Astrophysics & Cosmology Biology Elementary Particle Physics Environmental Science Materials, Chemistry & Energy Sciences Scientific Computing X-ray...

272

History of Proton Linear Accelerators  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

Some personal recollections are presented that relate to the author`s experience developing linear accelerators, particularly for protons. (LEW)

Alvarez, L. W.

1987-01-00T23:59:59.000Z

273

Linear induction accelerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A linear induction accelerator includes a plurality of adder cavities arranged in a series and provided in a structure which is evacuated so that a vacuum inductance is provided between each adder cavity and the structure. An energy storage system for the adder cavities includes a pulsed current source and a respective plurality of bipolar converting networks connected thereto. The bipolar high-voltage, high-repetition-rate square pulse train sets and resets the cavities. 4 figs.

Buttram, M.T.; Ginn, J.W.

1988-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

274

ION ACCELERATION SYSTEM  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Well focused, intense ion beams are obtained by providing a multi- apertured source grid in front of an ion source chamber and an accelerating multi- apertured grid closely spaced from and in alignment with the source grid. The longest dimensions of the elongated apertures in the grids are normal to the direction of the magnetic field used with the device. Large ion currents may be withdrawn from the source, since they do not pass through any small focal region between the grids.

Luce, J.S.; Martin, J.A.

1960-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

275

ACCELERATION INTEGRATING MEANS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An acceleration responsive device is described. A housing has at one end normally open electrical contacts and contains a piston system with a first part of non-magnetic material having metering orifices in the side walls for forming an air bearing between it and the walls of the housing; this first piston part is normally held against the other end of the housing from the noted contacts by a second piston or reset part. The reset part is of partly magnetic material, is separable from the flrst piston part, and is positioned within the housing intermediate the contacts and the first piston part. A magnet carried by the housing imposes a retaining force upon the reset part, along with a helical compression spring that is between the reset part and the end with the contacts. When a predetermined acceleration level is attained, the reset part overcomes the bias or retaining force provided by the magnet and the spring'' snaps'' into a depression in the housing adjacent the contacts. The first piston part is then free to move toward the contacts with its movement responsive tc acceleration forces and the metering orifices. (AEC)

Wilkes, D.F.

1961-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

276

TRACKING ACCELERATOR SETTINGS.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recording setting changes within an accelerator facility provides information that can be used to answer questions about when, why, and how changes were made to some accelerator system. This can be very useful during normal operations, but can also aid with security concerns and in detecting unusual software behavior. The Set History System (SHS) is a new client-server system developed at the Collider-Accelerator Department of Brookhaven National Laboratory to provide these capabilities. The SHS has been operational for over two years and currently stores about IOOK settings per day into a commercial database management system. The SHS system consists of a server written in Java, client tools written in both Java and C++, and a web interface for querying the database of setting changes. The design of the SHS focuses on performance, portability, and a minimal impact on database resources. In this paper, we present an overview of the system design along with benchmark results showing the performance and reliability of the SHS over the last year.

D OTTAVIO,T.; FU, W.; OTTAVIO, D.P.

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

277

Berkeley Proton Linear Accelerator  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

A linear accelerator, which increases the energy of protons from a 4 Mev Van de Graaff injector, to a final energy of 31.5 Mev, has been constructed. The accelerator consists of a cavity 40 feet long and 39 inches in diameter, excited at resonance in a longitudinal electric mode with a radio-frequency power of about 2.2 x 10{sup 6} watts peak at 202.5 mc. Acceleration is made possible by the introduction of 46 axial "drift tubes" into the cavity, which is designed such that the particles traverse the distance between the centers of successive tubes in one cycle of the r.f. power. The protons are longitudinally stable as in the synchrotron, and are stabilized transversely by the action of converging fields produced by focusing grids. The electrical cavity is constructed like an inverted airplane fuselage and is supported in a vacuum tank. Power is supplied by 9 high powered oscillators fed from a pulse generator of the artificial transmission line type.

Alvarez, L. W.; Bradner, H.; Franck, J.; Gordon, H.; Gow, J. D.; Marshall, L. C.; Oppenheimer, F. F.; Panofsky, W. K. H.; Richman, C.; Woodyard, J. R.

1953-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

278

Accelerator Operations and Physics - Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accelerator Operations & Physics Accelerator Systems Division---Argonne National Laboratory Mission Statement Safe, reliable, attentive, and responsive operation of APS accelerator...

279

Accelerator and Beam Science, ABS, Accelerator Operations and Technology,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accelerator Concepts Accelerator Concepts Injectors Operations Physics CONTACTS Group Leader Robert Garnett Deputy Group Leader Kenneth Johnson Office Administrator Monica Sanchez Phone: (505) 667-2846 Put a short description of the graphic or its primary message here Accelerator and Beam Science The Accelerator and Beam Science (AOT-ABS) Group at Los Alamos addresses physics aspects of the driver accelerator for the LANSCE spallation neutron source and related topics. These activities are wide ranging and include generating negative and positive ions in plasma ion sources, creating ion beams from these particles, accelerating the ion beams in linear accelerator structures up to an energy of 800 MeV, compressing the negative hydrogen beam to packets of sub-microsecond duration and accumulating beam current in the Proton Storage Ring, and

280

--No Title--  

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Metamaterials > AWA Home Page AWA News AWA Facilities AWA Activities WF Notes AWA Group Meetings Other Related Links Security and Privacy Notice AGN Notes (Internal) Metamaterials...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wakefield accelerator awa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Control of Laser Plasma Based Accelerators up to 1 GeV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This dissertation documents the development of a broadband electron spectrometer (ESM) for GeV class Laser Wakefield Accelerators (LWFA), the production of high quality GeV electron beams (e-beams) for the first time in a LWFA by using a capillary discharge guide (CDG), and a statistical analysis of CDG-LWFAs. An ESM specialized for CDG-LWFAs with an unprecedented wide momentum acceptance, from 0.01 to 1.1 GeV in a single shot, has been developed. Simultaneous measurement of e-beam spectra and output laser properties as well as a large angular acceptance (> {+-} 10 mrad) were realized by employing a slitless scheme. A scintillating screen (LANEX Fast back, LANEX-FB)--camera system allowed faster than 1 Hz operation and evaluation of the spatial properties of e-beams. The design provided sufficient resolution for the whole range of the ESM (below 5% for beams with 2 mrad divergence). The calibration between light yield from LANEX-FB and total charge, and a study on the electron energy dependence (0.071 to 1.23 GeV) of LANEX-FB were performed at the Advanced light source (ALS), Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). Using this calibration data, the developed ESM provided a charge measurement as well. The production of high quality electron beams up to 1 GeV from a centimeter-scale accelerator was demonstrated. The experiment used a 310 {micro}m diameter gas-filled capillary discharge waveguide that channeled relativistically-intense laser pulses (42 TW, 4.5 x 10{sup 18} W/cm{sup 2}) over 3.3 centimeters of sufficiently low density ({approx_equal} 4.3 x 10{sup 18}/cm{sup 3}) plasma. Also demonstrated was stable self-injection and acceleration at a beam energy of {approx_equal} 0.5 GeV by using a 225 {micro}m diameter capillary. Relativistically-intense laser pulses (12 TW, 1.3 x 10{sup 18}W/cm{sup 2}) were guided over 3.3 centimeters of low density ({approx_equal} 3.5 x 10{sup 18}/cm{sup 3}) plasma in this experiment. A statistical analysis of the CDG-LWFAs performance was carried out. By taking advantage of the high repetition rate experimental system, several thousands of shots were taken in a broad range of the laser and plasma parameters. An analysis program was developed to sort and select the data by specified parameters, and then to evaluate performance statistically. The analysis suggested that the generation of GeV-level beams comes from a highly unstable and regime. By having the plasma density slightly above the threshold density for self injection, (1) the longest dephasing length possible was provided, which led to the generation of high energy e-beams, and (2) the number of electrons injected into the wakefield was kept small, which led to the generation of high quality (low energy spread) e-beams by minimizing the beam loading effect on the wake. The analysis of the stable half-GeV beam regime showed the requirements for stable self injection and acceleration. A small change of discharge delay t{sub dsc}, and input energy E{sub in}, significantly affected performance. The statistical analysis provided information for future optimization, and suggested possible schemes for improvement of the stability and higher quality beam generation. A CDG-LWFA is envisioned as a construction block for the next generation accelerator, enabling significant cost and size reductions.

Nakamura, Kei

2007-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

282

Muon Acceleration - RLA and FFAG  

SciTech Connect

Various acceleration schemes for muons are presented. The overall goal of the acceleration systems: large acceptance acceleration to 25 GeV and 'beam shaping' can be accomplished by various fixed field accelerators at different stages. They involve three superconducting linacs: a single pass linear Pre-accelerator followed by a pair of multi-pass Recirculating Linear Accelerators (RLA) and finally a non-scaling FFAG ring. The present baseline acceleration scenario has been optimized to take maximum advantage of appropriate acceleration scheme at a given stage. The solenoid based Pre-accelerator offers very large acceptance and facilitates correction of energy gain across the bunch and significant longitudinal compression trough induced synchrotron motion. However, far off-crest acceleration reduces the effective acceleration gradient and adds complexity through the requirement of individual RF phase control for each cavity. The RLAs offer very efficient usage of high gradient superconducting RF and ability to adjust path-length after each linac pass through individual return arcs with uniformly periodic FODO optics suitable for chromatic compensation of emittance dilution with sextupoles. However, they require spreaders/recombiners switchyards at both linac ends and significant total length of the arcs. The non-scaling Fixed Field Alternating Gradient (FFAG) ring combines compactness with very large chromatic acceptance (twice the injection energy) and it allows for large number of passes through the RF (at least eight, possibly as high as 15).

Alex Bogacz

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

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Fermilab Collaboration Fermilab Collaboration Lee Teng Scholarship Program Useful Links The Argonne Accelerator Institute Historical Document Collection Document Access Guide The documents in this collection are held in several repositories, some of which have restricted access. This guide explains the different types of access, and specifies the access levels for each repository. Repositories Name Access Argonne National Laboratory Document Open Access Argonne Research Library Hard Copy Only Beam Dynamics Newsletter Open Access DOE Information Bridge Open Access IEEE Xplore Library Subscription Required JACoW Open Access Journal of Applied Physics Subscription Required Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research, Section A Subscription Required Physical Review A Subscription Required

284

Accelerating Innovation Webinar Series - Energy Innovation Portal  

Accelerating Innovation Webinar Series. In partnership with the Battelle Commercialization Council, the Energy Innovation Portal is hosting an Accelerating Innovation ...

285

Broadband accelerator control network  

SciTech Connect

A broadband data communications network has been implemented at BNL for control of the Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (AG) proton accelerator, using commercial CATV hardware, dual coaxial cables as the communications medium, and spanning 2.0 km. A 4 MHz bandwidth Digital Control channel using CSMA-CA protocol is provided for digital data transmission, with 8 access nodes available over the length of the RELWAY. Each node consists of an rf modem and a microprocessor-based store-and-forward message handler which interfaces the RELWAY to a branch line implemented in GPIB. A gateway to the RELWAY control channel for the (preexisting) AGS Computerized Accelerator Operating system has been constructed using an LSI-11/23 microprocessor as a device in a GPIB branch line. A multilayer communications protocol has been defined for the Digital Control Channel, based on the ISO Open Systems Interconnect layered model, and a RELWAY Device Language defined as the required universal language for device control on this channel.

Skelly, J.; Clifford, T.; Frankel, R.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Magnetic Insulation for Electrostatic Accelerators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The voltage gradient which can be sustained between electrodes without electrical breakdowns is usually one of the most important parameters in determining the performance which can be obtained in an electrostatic accelerator. We have recently proposed a technique which might permit reliable operation of electrostatic accelerators at higher electric field gradients, perhaps also with less time required for the conditioning process in such accelerators. The idea is to run an electric current through each accelerator stage so as to produce a magnetic field which envelopes each electrode and its electrically conducting support structures. Having the magnetic field everywhere parallel to the conducting surfaces in the accelerator should impede the emission of electrons, and inhibit their ability to acquire energy from the electric field, thus reducing the chance that local electron emission will initiate an arc. A relatively simple experiment to assess this technique is being planned. If successful, this technique might eventually find applicability in electrostatic accelerators for fusion and other applications.

Grisham, L. R. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, P. O. Box 451, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)

2011-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

287

Cast dielectric composite linear accelerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A linear accelerator having cast dielectric composite layers integrally formed with conductor electrodes in a solventless fabrication process, with the cast dielectric composite preferably having a nanoparticle filler in an organic polymer such as a thermosetting resin. By incorporating this cast dielectric composite the dielectric constant of critical insulating layers of the transmission lines of the accelerator are increased while simultaneously maintaining high dielectric strengths for the accelerator.

Sanders, David M. (Livermore, CA); Sampayan, Stephen (Manteca, CA); Slenes, Kirk (Albuquerque, NM); Stoller, H. M. (Albuquerque, NM)

2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

288

Challenges in Accelerator Beam Instrumentation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The challenges in beam instrumentation and diagnostics for present and future particle accelerator projects are presented. A few examples for advanced hadron and lepton beam diagnostics are given.

Wendt, M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Challenges in Accelerator Beam Instrumentation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The challenges in beam instrumentation and diagnostics for present and future particle accelerator projects are presented. A few examples for advanced hadron and lepton beam diagnostics are given.

Wendt, M.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Ultrafast Accelerators for Pulse Radiolysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in this area agreed that it would be useful to organize a specialist's conference on ultrafast accelerators for pulse radiolysis, to discuss the common experiences and problems...

291

BNL | Accelerators for Scientific Research  

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for Basic Research Brookhaven National Lab excels at the design, construction, and operation of large-scale accelerator facilities, a tradition that started with the Cosmotron and...

292

Science at SLAC National Accelerator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

matter and dark energy, and develop smaller, more efficient versions of particle accelerators widely used in research, medicine and industry. As our second half-century unfolds,...

293

Argonne's Accelerator Science and Technology  

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has significant expertise in modeling, design, and operation of both electron accelerators and free electron lasers; undulator design, fabrication, and measurement; control...

294

XML-based Test Accelerator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... A test accelerator that provides core reusable components, yet allows input and output formats to be defined by the user, will facilitate building ...

2011-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

295

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - Organization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Organization PHOTO: Aerial view of SLAC Campus SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory is operated by Stanford University for the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science. The...

296

Science Accelerator : User Login  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Login Login The Science Accelerator ALERTS feature will automatically update you regarding newly available information in your specific area(s) of interest. Simply register for the service, then create a search strategy which will be run against information added to . Select a schedule (weekly, monthly, etc.) for receiving the email Alerts. If you are a new patron, Register to learn how to set up Alerts to meet your needs. If you are an existing patron, enter your user name and password in the boxes to login. Once logged in, you may review or modify your search, add a new search and see recent Alerts results. User Name: Password: Remember Me Remember me on this computer. Login Don't have a user name? Register! Forgot your password? Reset your password Alerts The Alerts function allows you to monitor a topic and receive timely

297

Science Accelerator : Your Selections  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Your Selections Back To Previous Page Selections - of First Page Previous Page Next Page Last Page Back To Previous Page You have 0 selections. Click the checkboxes clipping.addClipping on the results or alert results pages to add to your selections. Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site. U.S. Department of Energy U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Office of Scientific and Technical Information Website Policies/Important Links Science Accelerator science.gov WorldWideScience.org Deep Web Technologies Email Results Use this form to email your search results * Email this to: * Your Name: Comments: URL only?: Number of results: 10 20 50 100 200 All Email Format: HTML TEXT * Required field Print Results

298

HIGH ENERGY PARTICLE ACCELERATOR  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved apparatus is presented for focusing charged particles in an accelerator. In essence, the invention includes means for establishing a magnetic field in discrete sectors along the path of moving charged particles, the magnetic field varying in each sector in accordance with the relation. B = B/ sub 0/ STAln (r-r/sub 0/)/r/sub 0/!, where B/sub 0/ is the value of the magnetic field at the equilibrium orbit of radius r/sub 0/ of the path of the particles, B equals the magnetic field at the radius r of the chamber and n equals the magnetic field gradient index, the polarity of n being abruptly reversed a plurality of times as the particles travel along their arcuate path. With this arrangement, the particles are alternately converged towards the axis of their equillbrium orbit and diverged therefrom in successive sectors with a resultant focusing effect.

Courant, E.D.; Livingston, M.S.; Snyder, H.S.

1959-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

299

Muon Collider Progress: Accelerators  

SciTech Connect

A muon collider would be a powerful tool for exploring the energy-frontier with leptons, and would complement the studies now under way at the LHC. Such a device would offer several important benefits. Muons, like electrons, are point particles so the full center-of-mass energy is available for particle production. Moreover, on account of their higher mass, muons give rise to very little synchrotron radiation and produce very little beamstrahlung. The first feature permits the use of a circular collider that can make efficient use of the expensive rf system and whose footprint is compatible with an existing laboratory site. The second feature leads to a relatively narrow energy spread at the collision point. Designing an accelerator complex for a muon collider is a challenging task. Firstly, the muons are produced as a tertiary beam, so a high-power proton beam and a target that can withstand it are needed to provide the required luminosity of ~1 10{sup 34} cm{sup 2}s{sup 1}. Secondly, the beam is initially produced with a large 6D phase space, which necessitates a scheme for reducing the muon beam emittance (cooling). Finally, the muon has a short lifetime so all beam manipulations must be done very rapidly. The Muon Accelerator Program, led by Fermilab and including a number of U.S. national laboratories and universities, has undertaken design and R&D activities aimed toward the eventual construction of a muon collider. Design features of such a facility and the supporting R&D program are described.

Zisman, Michael S.

2011-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

300

Accelerations in Steep Gravity Waves. II: Subsurface Accelerations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is shown that the vertical acceleration of a particle beneath the crest of a step gravity wave does not always decrease monotonically with depth in the fluid. When the wave steepness ak exceeds 0.4, the acceleration at first increases with ...

M. S. Longuet-Higgins

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wakefield accelerator awa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

RF Breakdown Studies Using a 1.3-GHz Text Cell  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

M. Conde, W. Gai, ANL, Argonne, IL A. Moretti, M. Popovic,experiments is planned at the Argonne Wakefield Accelerator.stand was transported to the Argonne Wakefield Accelerator (

Sah, R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

SPEAR3 Accelerator Physics Update  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SPEAR3 ACCELERATOR PHYSICS UPDATE* SPEAR3 ACCELERATOR PHYSICS UPDATE* J. Safranek # , W.J. Corbett, R. Hettel, X. Huang, Y. Nosochkov, J. Sebek, A. Terebilo, SSRL/SLAC, Menlo Park, CA, U.S.A. Abstract The SPEAR3 [1,2] storage ring at Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory has been delivering photon beams for three years. We will give an overview of recent and ongoing accelerator physics activities, including 500 mA fills, work toward top-off injection, long-term orbit stability characterization and improvement, fast orbit feedback, new chicane optics, low alpha optics & short bunches, low emittance optics, and MATLAB software. The accelerator physics group has a strong program to characterize and improve SPEAR3 performance. INTRODUCTION In this summary of the past three years of accelerator

303

Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility Site Tour - Accelerator Map  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Counting House Free Electron Accelerator Facility Machine Control Center Physics Storage Building North Linear Accelerator South Linear Accelerator VEPCO Substation Machine Control Center Annex Machine Control Center Annex II North Access Building South Access Building Central Helium Liquefier Injector Hall A Truck Ramp Hall B Truck Ramp Hall C Truck Ramp Experimental Hall A Experimental Hall B Experimental Hall C East Arc West Arc Counting House Free Electron Accelerator Facility Machine Control Center Physics Storage Building North Linear Accelerator South Linear Accelerator VEPCO Substation Machine Control Center Annex Machine Control Center Annex II North Access Building South Access Building Central Helium Liquefier Injector Hall A Truck Ramp Hall B Truck Ramp Hall C Truck Ramp Experimental Hall A Experimental Hall B Experimental Hall C East Arc West Arc Science Education Jefferson Lab Jefferson Lab Home Search Jefferson Lab Contact Jefferson Lab Science Education Home Teacher Resources Student Zone Games and Puzzles Science Cinema Programs and Events Search Education Privacy and Security Notice Jefferson Lab Site Tour Guided Tour Site Map Accelerator Area Map Administrative Area Map Tour Index

304

EXOTIC MAGNETS FOR ACCELERATORS.  

SciTech Connect

Over the last few years, several novel magnet designs have been introduced to meet the requirements of new, high performance accelerators and beam lines. For example, the FAIR project at GSI requires superconducting magnets ramped at high rates ({approx} 4 T/s) in order to achieve the design intensity. Magnets for the RIA and FAIR projects and for the next generation of LHC interaction regions will need to withstand high doses of radiation. Helical magnets are required to maintain and control the polarization of high energy protons at RHIC. In other cases, novel magnets have been designed in response to limited budgets and space. For example, it is planned to use combined function superconducting magnets for the 50 GeV proton transport line at J-PARC to satisfy both budget and performance requirements. Novel coil winding methods have been developed for short, large aperture magnets such as those used in the insertion region upgrade at BEPC. This paper will highlight the novel features of these exotic magnets.

WANDERER, P.

2005-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

305

RFQ accelerator tuning system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cooling system is provided for maintaining a preselected operating temperature in a device, which may be an RFQ accelerator, having a variable heat removal requirement, by circulating a cooling fluid through a cooling system remote from the device. Internal sensors in the device enable an estimated error signal to be generated from parameters which are indicative of the heat removal requirement from the device. Sensors are provided at predetermined locations in the cooling system for outputting operational temperature signals. Analog and digital computers define a control signal functionally related to the temperature signals and the estimated error signal, where the control signal is defined effective to return the device to the preselected operating temperature in a stable manner. The cooling system includes a first heat sink responsive to a first portion of the control signal to remove heat from a major portion of the circulating fluid. A second heat sink is responsive to a second portion of the control signal to remove heat from a minor portion of the circulating fluid. The cooled major and minor portions of the circulating fluid are mixed in response to a mixing portion of the control signal, which is effective to proportion the major and minor portions of the circulating fluid to establish a mixed fluid temperature which is effective to define the preselected operating temperature for the remote device. In an RFQ environment the stable temperature control enables the resonant frequency of the device to be maintained at substantially a predetermined value during transient operations.

Bolie, Victor W. (Albuquerque, NM)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Electron beam accelerator with magnetic pulse compression and accelerator switching  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electron beam accelerator comprising an electron beam generator-injector to produce a focused beam of .gtoreq.0.1 MeV energy electrons; a plurality of substantially identical, aligned accelerator modules to sequentially receive and increase the kinetic energies of the beam electrons by about 0.1-1 MeV per module. Each accelerator module includes a pulse-forming network that delivers a voltage pulse to the module of substantially 0.1-1 MeV maximum energy over a time duration of .ltoreq.1 .mu.sec.

Birx, Daniel L. (Brentwood, CA); Reginato, Louis L. (Orinda, CA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Electron beam accelerator with magnetic pulse compression and accelerator switching  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electron beam accelerator comprising an electron beam generator-injector to produce a focused beam of .gtoreq.0.1 MeV energy electrons; a plurality of substantially identical, aligned accelerator modules to sequentially receive and increase the kinetic energies of the beam electrons by about 0.1-1 MeV per module. Each accelerator module includes a pulse-forming network that delivers a voltage pulse to the module of substantially .gtoreq.0.1-1 MeV maximum energy over a time duration of .ltoreq.1 .mu.sec.

Birx, Daniel L. (Brentwood, CA); Reginato, Louis L. (Orinda, CA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Electron beam accelerator with magnetic pulse compression and accelerator switching  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electron beam accelerator is described comprising an electron beam generator-injector to produce a focused beam of greater than or equal to .1 MeV energy electrons; a plurality of substantially identical, aligned accelerator modules to sequentially receive and increase the kinetic energies of the beam electron by about .1-1 MeV per module. Each accelerator module includes a pulse-forming network that delivers a voltage pulse to the module of substantially .1-1 MeV maximum energy over a time duration of less than or equal to 1 ..mu..sec.

Birx, D.L.; Reginato, L.L.

1984-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

309

Theoretical Investigations of Plasma-Based Accelerators and Other Advanced Accelerator Concepts  

SciTech Connect

Theoretical investigations of plasma-based accelerators and other advanced accelerator concepts. The focus of the work was on the development of plasma based and structure based accelerating concepts, including laser-plasma, plasma channel, and microwave driven plasma accelerators.

Shuets, G.

2004-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

310

Pulse - Accelerator Science in Medicine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

t he future of accelerator physics isn’t just for physicists. As in the past, tomorrow’s discoveries in particle accelerator science may lead to unexpected applications for medical diagnosis, healing and the understanding of human biology. t he future of accelerator physics isn’t just for physicists. As in the past, tomorrow’s discoveries in particle accelerator science may lead to unexpected applications for medical diagnosis, healing and the understanding of human biology. Breakthroughs in the technology of superconducting magnets, nanometer beams, laser instrumentation and information technology will give high-energy physicists new accelerators to explore the deepest secrets of the universe: the ultimate structure of matter and the nature of space and time. But breakthroughs in accelerator science may do more than advance the exploration of particles and forces. No field of science is an island. Physics, astronomy, chemistry, biology, medicine— all interact in the continuing human endeavor to explore and understand our world and ourselves. Research at high-energy physics laboratories will lead to the next generation of particle accelerators—and perhaps to new tools for medical science.

311

Accelerated cleanup risk reduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is no proven technology for remediating contaminant plume source regions in a heterogeneous subsurface. This project is an interdisciplinary effort to develop the requisite new technologies so that will be rapidly accepted by the remediation community. Our technology focus is hydrous pyrolysis/oxidation (HPO) which is a novel in situ thermal technique. We have expanded this core technology to leverage the action of steam injection and place an in situ microbial filter downstream to intercept and destroy the accelerated movement of contaminated groundwater. Most contaminant plume source regions, including the chlorinated solvent plume at LLNL, are in subsurface media characterized by a wide range in hydraulic conductivity. At LLNL, the main conduits for contaminant transport are buried stream channels composed of gravels and sands; these have a hydraulic conductivity in the range of 10{sup -1} to 10{sup -2} cm/s. Clay and silt units with a hydraulic conductivity of 10{sup -1} to 10{sup -6} cm/s bound these buried channels; these are barriers to groundwater movement and contain the highest contaminant concentrations in the source region. New remediation technologies are required because the current ones preferentially access the high conductivity units. HPO is an innovative process for the in situ destruction of contaminants in the entire subsurface. It operates by the injection of steam. We have demonstrated in laboratory experiments that many contaminants rapidly oxidize to harmless compounds at temperatures easily achieved by injecting steam, provided sufficient dissolved oxygen is present. One important challenge in a heterogeneous source region is getting heat, contaminants, and an oxidizing agent in the same place at the same time. We have used the NUFT computer program to simulate the cyclic injection of steam into a contaminated aquifer for design of a field demonstration. We used an 8 hour, steam/oxygen injection cycle followed by a 56 hour relaxation period in which the well was `capped`. Our results show the formation of an inclined gas phase during injection and a fast collapse of the steam zone within an hour of terminating steam injection. The majority of destruction occurs during the collapse phase, when contaminant laden water is drawn back towards the well. Little to no noncondensible gasses are created in this process, removing any possibility of sparging processes interfering with contaminant destruction. Our models suggest that the thermal region should be as hot and as large as possible. To have HPO accepted, we need to demonstrate the in situ destruction of contaminants. This requires the ability to inexpensively sample at depth and under high temperatures. We proved the ability to implies monitoring points at depths exceeding 150 feet in highly heterogeneous soils by use of cone penetrometry. In addition, an extractive system has been developed for sampling fluids and measuring their chemistry under the range of extreme conditions expected. We conducted a collaborative field test of HPO at a Superfund site in southern California where the contaminant is mainly creosote and pentachlorophenol. Field results confirm the destruction of contaminants by HPO, validate our field design from simulations, demonstrate that accurate field measurements of the critical fluid parameters can be obtained using existing monitoring wells (and minimal capital cost) and yield reliable cost estimates for future commercial application. We also tested the in situ microbial filter technology as a means to intercept and destroy the accelerated flow of contaminants caused by the injection of steam. A series of laboratory and field tests revealed that the selected bacterial species effectively degrades trichloroethene in LLNL Groundwater and under LLNL site conditions. In addition, it was demonstrated that the bacteria effectively attach to the LLNL subsurface media. An in-well treatability study indicated that the bacteria initially degrade greater than 99% of the contaminant, to concentrations less than regulatory limit

Knapp, R.B.; Aines, R.M.; Blake, R.G.; Copeland, A.B.; Newmark, R.L.; Tompson, A.F.B.

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

SNEAP 80: symposium of Northeastern Accelerator personnel  

SciTech Connect

Reports of operations are presented for twenty-seven facilities, along with reports on accelerators in progress, ion sources, insulating gases, charging systems, stripping foils, accelerating tubes, and upgraded accelerator systems. (GHT)

Billen, J.H. (ed.) ed.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory April 2012  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

into applications for the nation's health, wealth and security. Science at Fermilab Illinois Accelerator Research Center The Illinois Accelerator Research Center, or IARC, will...

314

Science Accelerator content now includes multimedia  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Science Accelerator content now includes multimedia Science Accelerator has expanded its suite of collections to include ScienceCinema, which contains videos produced by the U.S....

315

Honda Insight Fleet and Accelerated Reliability Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ford Fusion Hybrid Electric Vehicle Accelerated Testing - May 2012 Two model year 2010 Ford Fusion hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) entered Accelerated testing during August 2009 in...

316

Honda Insight Fleet and Accelerated Reliability Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mazda 3 Micro Hybrid Vehicle Accelerated Testing - December 2012 Two Mazda 3 European Micro Hybrid Vehicles (MHVs) entered accelerated testing during November 2010 in a fleet in...

317

Honda Insight Fleet and Accelerated Reliability Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Volkswagen Golf Micro Hybrid Vehicle Accelerated Testing - December 2012 Two Volkswagen Golf European Micro Hybrid Vehicle (MHVs) entered accelerated testing during October 2010 in...

318

Honda Insight Fleet and Accelerated Reliability Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Accelerated Testing (Model Year 2004) - October 2007 Two (Model Year 2004) Toyota Prius hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) entered accelerated testing in a...

319

Honda Insight Fleet and Accelerated Reliability Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Smart fortwo Micro Hybrid Vehicle Accelerated Testing - December 2012 Three Smart fortwo European Micro Hybrid Vehicles (MHVs) entered accelerated testing during October 2010 in a...

320

Technology Commercialization and Partnerships | CASE Accelerates ...  

The Center for Accelerator Science and ... get hands-on experience using the accelerator and reporting their results. ... R&D funding is especially important for ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wakefield accelerator awa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Honda Insight Fleet and Accelerated Reliability Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gen III Prius HEV Accelerated Testing - May 2012 Two model year 2010 Toyota Generation III Prius hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) entered Accelerated testing during July 2009 in a...

322

Honda Insight Fleet and Accelerated Reliability Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gen II Insight HEV Accelerated Testing - August 2012 Two model year 2010 Honda Generation II Insight hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) entered Accelerated testing during July 2009 in...

323

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - Scientific Programs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Programs Advanced Accelerator Research Particle accelerators are complicated machines, with hundreds of thousands of components that all need to be designed, engineered and...

324

Annual Planning Summaries: Stanford Linear Accelerator (SLAC...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Stanford Linear Accelerator (SLAC) Annual Planning Summaries: Stanford Linear Accelerator (SLAC) Document(s) Available For Download January 11, 2012 2012 Annual Planning Summary...

325

Argonne National Laboratory's Accelerator Experimental Infrastructure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accelerator Experimental Infrastructure Argonne National Laboratory is somewhat unique among the Office of Science National Laboratories in that it possesses active accelerator...

326

Terahertz radiation from laser accelerated electron bunches  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NUMBER 5 MAY 2004 Terahertz radiation from laser acceleratedand millimeter wave radiation from laser acceleratedNo. 5, May 2004 Terahertz radiation from laser accelerated

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Early Days of Accelerator Mass Spectrometry  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

Alvarez reviews his role in the development of the tandem Van de Graaff accelerator and the technique of accelerator mass spectrometry as a technique for isotope dating. (GHT)

Alvarez, L. W.

1981-05-00T23:59:59.000Z

328

Honda Insight Fleet and Accelerated Reliability Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Civic CNG Accelerated Testing - June 2013 Four model year 2013 Honda Civic compressed natural gas (CNGs) entered Accelerated testing during November 2012 in a fleet in Arizona....

329

Honda Insight Fleet and Accelerated Reliability Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Volt EREV Accelerated Testing - June 2013 Four model year 2013 Chevrolet Volt extended range electric vehicles (EREVs) entered Accelerated testing during November 2012 in a fleet...

330

Honda Insight Fleet and Accelerated Reliability Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chevrolet Volt EREV Accelerated Testing - June 2013 Two model year 2011 Chevrolet Volt extended range electric vehicles (EREVs) entered Accelerated testing during March 2011 in a...

331

CRAD, Radiological Controls - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Radiological Controls - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II CRAD, Radiological Controls - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II February 2006 A section of Appendix...

332

CRAD, Emergency Management - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Emergency Management - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II CRAD, Emergency Management - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II February 2006 A section of Appendix C...

333

BNL | Accelerators for Applied Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accelerators for Applied Research Accelerators for Applied Research Brookhaven National Lab operates several accelerator facilities dedicated to applied research. These facilities directly address questions and concerns on a tremendous range of fields, including medical imaging, cancer therapy, computation, and space exploration. Leading scientists lend their expertise to these accelerators and offer crucial assistant to collaborating researchers, pushing the limits of science and technology. Interested in gaining access to these facilities for research? See the contact number listed for each facility. RHIC tunnel Brookhaven Linac Isotope Producer The Brookhaven Linac Isoptope Producer (BLIP)-positioned at the forefront of research into radioisotopes used in cancer treatment and diagnosis-produces commercially unavailable radioisotopes for use by the

334

IMPACT-T: Accelerator Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

IMPACTT General Description IMPACT-T (Integrated Map and Particle Accelerator Tracking-Time) is a parallel, three-dimensional, quasi-static beam dynamics code used to study...

335

Accelerating and rotating black holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An exact solution of Einstein's equations which represents a pair of accelerating and rotating black holes (a generalised form of the spinning C-metric) is presented. The starting point is a form of the Plebanski-Demianski metric which, in addition to the usual parameters, explicitly includes parameters which describe the acceleration and angular velocity of the sources. This is transformed to a form which explicitly contains the known special cases for either rotating or accelerating black holes. Electromagnetic charges and a NUT parameter are included, the relation between the NUT parameter $l$ and the Plebanski-Demianski parameter $n$ is given, and the physical meaning of all parameters is clarified. The possibility of finding an accelerating NUT solution is also discussed.

J. B. Griffiths; J. Podolsky

2005-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

336

Residual Activation of Accelerator Components  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accelerators / Special Issue on the 11th International Conference on Radiation Shielding and the 15th Topical Meeting of the Radiation Protection and Shielding Division (PART 3) / Radiation Measurements and Instrumentation

I. L. Rakhno; N. V. Mokhov; S. I. Striganov

337

APS Accelerator Systems Division Home  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Photon Source and pursues research and development profitable to the science of accelerators and future light source technologies. Featured Image Two 352-MHz1-kW CW solid...

338

What is SLAC National Accelerator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory? The numbers tell the tale. SLAC began in 1962 with 200 employees. Nearly 1,700 people now work on staff plus 300 postdoctoral researchers and...

339

Electrodynamics acceleration of electrical dipoles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article considers the acceleration of electric dipoles consisting of thin metal plates and dielectric (barium titanate). The dipoles are of a cylindrical shape with a diameter of the cylinder two centimeters and length one centimeter. Capacity of the parallel-plate capacitor is three hundred picofarads and it is charged up to the voltage of two hundred eighty kilovolts. Pre-acceleration of the electric dipoles till velocity one kilometer per second is reached by the gas-dynamic method. The finite acceleration is produced in a spiral waveguide, where the pulse is travelling with voltage amplitude seven hundreds kilovolts and power one hundred twenty-five megawatts. This pulse travels via the spiral waveguide and accelerates the injected electric dipoles in the longitudinal direction till the finite velocity eight and a half kilometers per second over length seven hundred and seventy meters.

Dolya, S N

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Science Accelerator | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dataset Summary Description Science Accelerator is a gateway to science, including DOE R&D results, major R&D accomplishments, and recent research of interest to U.S. Department...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wakefield accelerator awa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Market Acceleration | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Market Acceleration Market Acceleration Market Acceleration Photo of several men on a floating platform that is lowering monitoring tools into the ocean. The Water Power Program works to foster a commercial market for marine and hydrokinetic (MHK) energy devices in order to achieve its goal of the nation obtaining 15% of its electricity needs from all types of water power by 2030. Though marine and hydrokinetic energy is still in its infancy, the program is developing a robust portfolio of projects to accelerate wave, tidal and current project deployments and development of the MHK market in general. These projects include project siting activities, market assessments, environmental impact analyses, and research supporting technology commercialization. Learn more about the Water Power Program's work in the following areas of

342

A Low-Charge, Hard X-Ray FEL Driven with an X-band Injector and Accelerator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

After the successful operation of FLASH (Free-Electron Laser in Hamburg) and LCLS (Linac Coherent Light Source), soft and hard X-ray Free Electron Lasers (FELs) are being built, designed or proposed at many accelerator laboratories. Acceleration employing lower frequency RF cavities, ranging from L-band to C-band, is usually adopted in these designs. In the first stage bunch compression, higher-frequency harmonic RF system is employed to linearize the beam's longitudinal phase space, which is nonlinearly chirped during the lower frequency RF acceleration process. In this paper, a hard X-ray FEL design using an all X-band accelerator at 11.424 GHz (from photo-cathode RF gun to linac end) is presented, without the assistance of any harmonic RF linearization. It achieves LCLS-like performance at low charge using X-band linac drivers, which is more versatile, efficient and compact than ones using S-band or C-band rf technology. It employs initially 42 microns long (RMS), low charge (10 pC) electron bunches from an X-band photoinjector. An overall bunch compression ratio of roughly 100 times is proposed in a two stage bunch compressor system. The start-to-end macro-particle 3-D simulation employing several computer codes is presented in this paper, where space charge, wakefields, incoherent and coherent synchrotron radiation (ISR and CSR) effects are included. Employing an undulator with a short period of 1.5 cm, a Genesis FEL simulation shows successful lasing at a wavelength of 0.15 nm with a pulse length of 2 fs and a power saturation length as short as 20 meters, which is equivalent to LCLS low charge mode. Its overall length of both accelerators and undulators is 180 meters (much shorter than the effective LCLS overall length of 1230 meters, including an accelerator length of 1100 meters and an undulator length of 130 meters), which makes it possible to be built in places where only limited space is available.

Sun, Yipeng; Adolphsen, Chris; Limborg-Deprey, Cecile; Raubenheimer, Tor; Wu, Juhao; /SLAC

2012-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

343

Low-Charge, Hard X-Ray Free Electron Laser Driven with an X-Band Injector and Accelerator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

After the successful operation of the Free Electron Laser in Hamburg (FLASH) and the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS), soft and hard x-ray free electron lasers (FELs) are being built, designed, or proposed at many accelerator laboratories. Acceleration employing lower frequency rf cavities, ranging from L-band to C-band, is usually adopted in these designs. In the first stage bunch compression, higher-frequency harmonic rf system is employed to linearize the beam's longitudinal phase space, which is nonlinearly chirped during the lower frequency rf acceleration process. In this paper, a hard x-ray FEL design using an all X-band accelerator at 11.424 GHz (from photocathode rf gun to linac end) is presented, without the assistance of any harmonic rf linearization. It achieves LCLS-like performance at low charge using X-band linac drivers, which is more versatile, efficient, and compact than ones using S-band or C-band rf technology. It employs initially 42 microns long (rms), low-charge (10 pC) electron bunches from an X-band photoinjector. An overall bunch compression ratio of roughly 100 times is proposed in a two stage bunch compressor system. The start-to-end macroparticle 3D simulation employing several computer codes is presented in this paper, where space charge, wakefields, and incoherent and coherent synchrotron radiation effects are included. Employing an undulator with a short period of 1.5 cm, a Genesis FEL simulation shows successful lasing at a wavelength of 0.15 nm with a pulse length of 2 fs and a power saturation length as short as 20 meters, which is equivalent to LCLS low-charge mode. Its overall length of both accelerators and undulators is 180 meters (much shorter than the effective LCLS overall length of 1230 meters, including an accelerator length of 1100 meters and an undulator length of 130 meters), which makes it possible to be built in places where only limited space is available.

Sun, Yipeng; Adolphsen, Chris; Limborg-Deprey, Cecile; Raubenheimer, Tor; Wu, Juhao; /SLAC

2012-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

344

High-Intensity Proton Accelerator  

SciTech Connect

Analysis is presented for an eight-cavity proton cyclotron accelerator that could have advantages as compared with other accelerators because of its potentially high acceleration gradient. The high gradient is possible since protons orbit in a sequence of TE111 rotating mode cavities of equally diminishing frequencies with path lengths during acceleration that greatly exceed the cavity lengths. As the cavities operate at sequential harmonics of a basic repetition frequency, phase synchronism can be maintained over a relatively wide injection phase window without undue beam emittance growth. It is shown that use of radial vanes can allow cavity designs with significantly smaller radii, as compared with simple cylindrical cavities. Preliminary beam transport studies show that acceptable extraction and focusing of a proton beam after cyclic motion in this accelerator should be possible. Progress is also reported on design and tests of a four-cavity electron counterpart accelerator for experiments to study effects on beam quality arising from variations injection phase window width. This device is powered by four 500-MW pulsed amplifiers at 1500, 1800, 2100, and 2400 MHz that provide phase synchronous outputs, since they are driven from a with harmonics derived from a phase-locked 300 MHz source.

Jay L. Hirshfield

2011-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

345

Accelerator and electrodynamics capability review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) uses capability reviews to assess the science, technology and engineering (STE) quality and institutional integration and to advise Laboratory Management on the current and future health of the STE. Capability reviews address the STE integration that LANL uses to meet mission requirements. The Capability Review Committees serve a dual role of providing assessment of the Laboratory's technical contributions and integration towards its missions and providing advice to Laboratory Management. The assessments and advice are documented in reports prepared by the Capability Review Committees that are delivered to the Director and to the Principal Associate Director for Science, Technology and Engineering (PADSTE). Laboratory Management will use this report for STE assessment and planning. LANL has defined fifteen STE capabilities. Electrodynamics and Accelerators is one of the seven STE capabilities that LANL Management (Director, PADSTE, technical Associate Directors) has identified for review in Fiscal Year (FY) 2010. Accelerators and electrodynamics at LANL comprise a blend of large-scale facilities and innovative small-scale research with a growing focus on national security applications. This review is organized into five topical areas: (1) Free Electron Lasers; (2) Linear Accelerator Science and Technology; (3) Advanced Electromagnetics; (4) Next Generation Accelerator Concepts; and (5) National Security Accelerator Applications. The focus is on innovative technology with an emphasis on applications relevant to Laboratory mission. The role of Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) in support of accelerators/electrodynamics will be discussed. The review provides an opportunity for interaction with early career staff. Program sponsors and customers will provide their input on the value of the accelerator and electrodynamics capability to the Laboratory mission.

Jones, Kevin W [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

The Advanced Manufacturing Jobs and Innovation Accelerator ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Advanced Manufacturing Jobs and Innovation Accelerator Challenge Application Guide & Document Checklist 1 of 4 ...

2012-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

347

Interconnection Network for Tightly Coupled Accelerators Architecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, heterogeneous clusters using accelerators have entered widespread use in high-performance computing systems. In such clusters, inter-node communication between accelerators normally requires several memory copies via CPU memory, which ... Keywords: PCI Express, Interconnect for accelerators, GPU cluster, Accelerator computing, Remote DMA

Toshihiro Hanawa, Yuetsu Kodama, Taisuke Boku, Mitsuhisa Sato

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Pulse - Accelerator Science in Medicine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

t the forefront of biomedical research, medical scientists use particle accelerators to explore the structure of biological molecules. They use the energy that charged particles emit when accelerated to nearly the speed of light to create one of the brightest lights on earth, 30 times more powerful than the sun and focused on a pinpoint. t the forefront of biomedical research, medical scientists use particle accelerators to explore the structure of biological molecules. They use the energy that charged particles emit when accelerated to nearly the speed of light to create one of the brightest lights on earth, 30 times more powerful than the sun and focused on a pinpoint. Deciphering the structure of proteins is key to understanding biological processes and healing disease. To determine a protein’s structure, researchers direct the beam from an accelerator called a synchrotron through a protein crystal. The crystal scatters the beam onto a detector. From the pattern of scattering, computers calculate the position of every atom in the protein molecule and create a 3-D image of the molecule.

349

Market Acceleration | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Market Acceleration Market Acceleration Market Acceleration Photo of the Wanapum Dam. Hydropower contributes significantly to the nation's renewable energy portfolio; over the last decade, the United States obtained nearly 7% of its electricity from hydropower sources. Already the largest source of renewable electricity in the United States, there remains a vast untapped resource potential in hydropower. To achieve its vision of supporting 15% of our nation's electricity needs from water power by 2030, the Water Power Program works to address environmental and regulatory barriers that prevent significant amounts of deployment; to assess and quantify the value of hydropower to the nation's electric grid and its ability to integrate other variable renewable energy technologies; and to develop a vibrant U.S.

350

Accelerated Aging of Roofing Surfaces  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Accelerated aging of roofing surfaces Accelerated aging of roofing surfaces Hugo Destaillats, Ph.D. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory HDestaillats@LBL.gov (510) 486-5897 http://HeatIsland.LBL.gov April 4, 2013 Development of Advanced Building Envelope Surface Materials & Integration of Artificial Soiling and Weathering in a Commercial Weatherometer New York Times, 30 July 2009 2010 2012 Challenge: speed the development of high performance building envelope materials that resist soiling, maintain high solar reflectance, and save energy 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov

351

Accelerator Operators and Software Development  

SciTech Connect

At Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, accelerator operators perform tasks in their areas of specialization in addition to their machine operations duties. One crucial area in which operators contribute is software development. Operators with programming skills are uniquely qualified to develop certain controls applications because of their expertise in the day-to-day operation of the accelerator. Jefferson Lab is one of the few laboratories that utilizes the skills and knowledge of operators to create software that enhances machine operations. Through the programs written; by operators, Jefferson Lab has improved machine efficiency and beam availability. Because many of these applications involve automation of procedures and need graphical user interfaces, the scripting language Tcl and the Tk toolkit have been adopted. In addition to automation, some operator-developed applications are used for information distribution. For this purpose, several standard web development tools such as perl, VBScript, and ASP are used. Examples of applications written by operators include injector steering, spin angle changes, system status reports, magnet cycling routines, and quantum efficiency measurements. This paper summarizes how the unique knowledge of accelerator operators has contributed to the success of the Jefferson Lab control system. *This work was supported by the U.S. DOE contract No. DE-AC05-84-ER40150.

April Miller; Michele Joyce

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson Lab) in Newport News, Virginia, USA, is one of ten national laboratories under the aegis of the Office of Science of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). It is managed and operated by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC. The primary facility at Jefferson Lab is the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) as shown in an aerial photograph in Figure 1. Jefferson Lab was created in 1984 as CEBAF and started operations for physics in 1995. The accelerator uses superconducting radio-frequency (srf) techniques to generate high-quality beams of electrons with high-intensity, well-controlled polarization. The technology has enabled ancillary facilities to be created. The CEBAF facility is used by an international user community of more than 1200 physicists for a program of exploration and study of nuclear, hadronic matter, the strong interaction and quantum chromodynamics. Additionally, the exceptional quality of the beams facilitates studies of the fundamental symmetries of nature, which complement those of atomic physics on the one hand and of high-energy particle physics on the other. The facility is in the midst of a project to double the energy of the facility and to enhance and expand its experimental facilities. Studies are also pursued with a Free-Electron Laser produced by an energy-recovering linear accelerator.

Joseph Grames, Douglas Higinbotham, Hugh Montgomery

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Accelerators for Intensity Frontier Research  

SciTech Connect

In 2008, the Particle Physics Project Prioritization Panel identified three frontiers for research in high energy physics, the Energy Frontier, the Intensity Frontier, and the Cosmic Frontier. In this paper, I will describe how Fermilab is configuring and upgrading the accelerator complex, prior to the development of Project X, in support of the Intensity Frontier.

Derwent, Paul; /Fermilab

2012-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

354

GPU-accelerated path rendering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For thirty years, resolution-independent 2D standards (e.g. PostScript, SVG) have depended on CPU-based algorithms for the filling and stroking of paths. Advances in graphics hardware have largely ignored accelerating resolution-independent 2D graphics ... Keywords: OpenGL, path rendering, stencil buffer, vector graphics

Mark J. Kilgard; Jeff Bolz

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Accelerating lattice reduction with FPGAs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe an FPGA accelerator for the Kannan-Fincke-Pohst enumeration algorithm (KFP) solving the Shortest Lattice Vector Problem (SVP). This is the first FPGA implementation of KFP specifically targeting cryptographically relevant dimensions. In order ... Keywords: FPGA, euclidean lattices, shortest vector problem

Jrmie Detrey; Guillaume Hanrot; Xavier Pujol; Damien Stehl

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Petawatt pulsed-power accelerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A petawatt pulsed-power accelerator can be driven by various types of electrical-pulse generators, including conventional Marx generators and linear-transformer drivers. The pulsed-power accelerator can be configured to drive an electrical load from one- or two-sides. Various types of loads can be driven; for example, the accelerator can be used to drive a high-current z-pinch load. When driven by slow-pulse generators (e.g., conventional Marx generators), the accelerator comprises an oil section comprising at least one pulse-generator level having a plurality of pulse generators; a water section comprising a pulse-forming circuit for each pulse generator and a level of monolithic triplate radial-transmission-line impedance transformers, that have variable impedance profiles, for each pulse-generator level; and a vacuum section comprising triplate magnetically insulated transmission lines that feed an electrical load. When driven by LTD generators or other fast-pulse generators, the need for the pulse-forming circuits in the water section can be eliminated.

Stygar, William A. (Albuquerque, NM); Cuneo, Michael E. (Albuquerque, NM); Headley, Daniel I. (Albuquerque, NM); Ives, Harry C. (Albuquerque, NM); Ives, legal representative; Berry Cottrell (Albuquerque, NM); Leeper, Ramon J. (Albuquerque, NM); Mazarakis, Michael G. (Albuquerque, NM); Olson, Craig L. (Albuquerque, NM); Porter, John L. (Sandia Park, NM); Wagoner; Tim C. (Albuquerque, NM)

2010-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

357

The BErkeley Lab Laser Accelerator (BELLA): A 10 GeV Laser Plasma Accelerator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The BErkeley Lab Laser Accelerator (BELLA):A 10 GeV Laser Plasma Accelerator W.P. Leemans ' , R.of the design of a 10 GeV laser plasma accelerator (LPA)

Leemans, W.P.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Transformer Ratio Enhancement Using A Ramped Bunch Train In A...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

wakefleld accelerator - i.e. with either plasma or structure based wakefield accelerators. It is known that the transformer ratio cannot generally be greater than 2 for a...

359

--No Title--  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1999 Particle Accelerator Conference, (PAC'99), (IEEE), 2024-202, February 2000. Transformer Ratio Enhancement Using a Ramped Bunch Train in a Collinear Wakefield Accelerator...

360

SciTech Connect: "smart grid"  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Beam Matching to a Plasma Wakefield Accelerator Using a Ramped Density Profile at the Plasma Boundary Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Beam Matching to a Plasma Wakefield...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wakefield accelerator awa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Science Accelerator Widget | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science Accelerator Widget BusinessUSA DataTools Apps Challenges Let's Talk BusinessUSA You are here Data.gov Communities BusinessUSA Data Science Accelerator Widget...

362

Research Accelerator Division | Neutron Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Kevin Jones The Research Accelerator Division is responsible for operation of the SNS accelerator complex, which consists of a negative hydrogen-ion injector, a 1 GeV linear...

363

Research Accelerator Division | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Kevin Jones. The Research Accelerator Division (RAD) is responsible for operation of the SNS accelerator complex, which consists of a negative hydrogen-ion injector, a 1 GeV linear...

364

Elucidating mechanisms of accelerated neurological aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

C. (2005). Mechanisms of aging in senescence- accelerated2.2 Strain-specific aging gene-expression profiles..C. (2005). Mechanisms of aging in senescence-accelerated

Greenhall, Jennifer Anne

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Accelerator and Fusion Research Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Outreach and Diversity Highlights Safety Other Sites and Labs Intramural Outreach and Diversity Highlights Safety Other Sites and Labs Intramural Historical photo of Laboratory founder and cyclotron inventor Ernest Orlando Lawrence at his desk OUR SCIENTIFIC PROGRAMS Accelerator Physics for the ALS Center for Beam Physics LOASIS Laboratory Fusion Science and Ion Beam Technology Superconducting Magnets Free Electron Laser R&D News: AFRD's Jean-Luc Vay and former AFRD scientist Kwang-Je Kim share the US Particle Accelerator School Prize. Andre Anders places two articles among the year's top 30 in the Journal of Applied Physics. AFRD personnel win an R&D 100 in a joint project with industry; the laser at the heart of BELLA sets a world record for laser power. Employees: Safety tips regarding the mountain lion are available. The results from our two most recent Self-Assessment Focus Groups are up, covering emergency preparedness and ergonomics while working offsite.

366

Fermilab's Accelerator and Research Divisions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

July 19, 1996 July 19, 1996 Number 14 Fixed-target experimenters not only expect Fermilab's Accelerator and Research Divisions to turn water into wine-they need 10 different vintages. Providing beam to fixed-target experiments presents the challenge of converting high-inten- sity protons into 10 separate beams of varying intensities and particles, from kaons to neu- trinos. The Accelerator Division generates and splits the beam, and then hands the protons off to the Research Division, which converts them into beams of different particles. The process begins with a breath of hydrogen gas. Eventually the hydrogen atoms lose their outer electrons and become a stream of protons-the formation of the beam. Physicists measure two characteristics of the beam: its energy (eV) and its intensity. Intensity

367

Radiological Training for Accelerator Facilities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8-2002 8-2002 May 2002 Change Notice No 1. with Reaffirmation January 2007 DOE HANDBOOK RADIOLOGICAL TRAINING FOR ACCELERATOR FACILITIES U.S. Department of Energy AREA TRNG Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. TS This document has been reproduced from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from ES&H Technical Information Services, U.S. Department of Energy, (800) 473-4375, fax: (301) 903-9823. Available to the public from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161; (703) 605-6000. Change Notice 1. Radiological Safety Training for Accelerator Facilities

368

Standards Acceleration to Jumpstart Adoption of Cloud ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Standards Acceleration to Jumpstart Adoption of Cloud Computing (SAJACC). The goal of the SAJACC initiative is to drive ...

2013-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

369

Available Technologies: Acceleration of Carbon Dioxide ...  

APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: Carbon dioxide capture and sequestration; ADVANTAGES: Accelerated capture of carbon dioxide; Effective at extremely dilute (nanomolar ...

370

Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory Technology Marketing ...  

Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory Technology Marketing Summaries. Here youll find marketing summaries for technologies available for licensing ...

371

Accelerating Innovation Webinar Series - Energy Innovation ...  

Accelerating Innovation Webinar Series. In partnership with the Battelle Commercialization Council, the Energy Innovation Portal is hosting an ...

372

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory Technology Marketing ...  

Energy Analysis; Energy Storage; Geothermal; Hydrogen and Fuel Cell; Hydropower, Wave and Tidal; ... SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory Technology Marketing Summaries.

373

Accelerator Mass Spectrometry: Extreme Sensitivity in Biological ...  

THE LLNL TECHNOLOGY COMPANY PRODUCT 24 Partnering Today: Technology Transfer Highlights Accelerator Mass Spectrometry: Extreme Sensitivity in Biological Research

374

Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory Technologies Available ...  

... Energy Innovation Portal on Google; Bookmark Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory Technologies Available for Licensing - Energy Innovation Portal ...

375

Accelerated Weathering of Fluidized Bed Steam Reformation ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sep 16, 2007 ... Accelerated Weathering of Fluidized Bed Steam Reformation Material Under Hydraulically Unsaturated Conditions by E.M. Pierce...

376

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory Technology Marketing ...  

Energy Analysis; Energy Storage; Geothermal; Hydrogen and Fuel Cell; Hydropower, Wave and Tidal; ... SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory Technology M ...

377

Accelerated Materials Evaluation for Nuclear Application Utilizing ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 15, 2013... of accelerated nuclear materials testing for fission and fusion reactors. Presentations combining experiment with theory, modeling and...

378

Powering Up America: Accelerating an Interoperable Smart ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Powering Up America: Accelerating an Interoperable Smart Grid (+18 FTE, +$5,000,000). image: Shutterstock, copyright Photoroller. Challenge. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

379

Accelerating Observers, Area and Entropy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider an explicit example of a process, where the entropy carried by radiation through an accelerating two-plane is proportional to the decrease in the area of that two-plane even when the two-plane is not a part of any horizon of spacetime. Our results seem to support the view that entropy proportional to area is possessed not only by horizons but by all spacelike two-surfaces of spacetime.

Makela, J

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Accelerating Observers, Area and Entropy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider an explicit example of a process, where the entropy carried by radiation through an accelerating two-plane is proportional to the decrease in the area of that two-plane even when the two-plane is not a part of any horizon of spacetime. Our results seem to support the view that entropy proportional to area is possessed not only by horizons but by all spacelike two-surfaces of spacetime.

Jarmo Makela

2005-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wakefield accelerator awa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Accelerators  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aceleradores Avanzar Volver Principal ESTOY PERDIDO Los aceleradores le resuelven a los fsicos dos problemas. En primer lugar, dado que todas las partculas se comportan como...

382

Proton acceleration experiments with Z-Petawatt.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The outline of this presentation: (1) Proton acceleration with high-power lasers - Target Normal Sheath Acceleration concept; (2) Proton acceleration with mass-reduced targets - Breaking the 60 MeV threshold; (3) Proton beam divergence control - Novel focusing target geometry; and (4) New experimental capability development - Proton radiography on Z.

Arefiev, A. (University of Texas at Austin); Schaumann, G. (Technische Universitat Darmstadt, Germany); Deppert, O. (Technische Universitat Darmstadt, Germany); Rambo, Patrick K.; Roth, M. (Technische Universitat Darmstadt, Germany); Geissel, Matthias; Schwarz, Jens; Sefkow, Adam B.; Atherton, Briggs W.; Kimmel, Mark W.; Schollmeier, Marius; Breizman, B. (University of Texas at Austin)

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Voltage regulation in linear induction accelerators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Improvement in voltage regulation in a Linear Induction Accelerator wherein a varistor, such as a metal oxide varistor when it is placed in parallel with the beam accelerating cavity and the magnetic core. The non-linear properties of the varistor result in a more stable voltage across the beam accelerating cavity than with a conventional compensating resistance.

Parsons, W.M.

1991-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

384

Voltage regulation in linear induction accelerators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Improvement in voltage regulation in a linear induction accelerator wherein a varistor, such as a metal oxide varistor, is placed in parallel with the beam accelerating cavity and the magnetic core is disclosed. The non-linear properties of the varistor result in a more stable voltage across the beam accelerating cavity than with a conventional compensating resistance. 4 figs.

Parsons, W.M.

1992-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

385

Current Sheet Canting in Pulsed Electromagnetic Accelerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current Sheet Canting in Pulsed Electromagnetic Accelerators Thomas Edward Markusic A DISSERTATION #12;Current Sheet Canting in Pulsed Electromagnetic Accelerators Prepared by: Thomas Edward Markusic of current sheet canting in pulsed electromagnetic accelerators is the de- parture of the plasma sheet

Choueiri, Edgar

386

Accelerating Clean-up at Savannah River | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Accelerating Clean-up at Savannah River Accelerating Clean-up at Savannah River Accelerating Clean-up at Savannah River More Documents & Publications Integrated Project Team RM...

387

Fermilab | Plan for the Future | Fermilab accelerator complex...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Fermilab accelerator complex Fermilab's accelerator complex comprises ten particle accelerators and storage rings. It produces the world's most powerful, high-energy neutrino...

388

ACCELERATOR & FUSION RESEARCH DIV. ANNUAL REPORT, OCT. 79 - SEPT. 80  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

34 in Biological and Medical Research with Accelerated Heavyin Biological and Medical Research with Accelerated Heavyin Biological and Medical Research with Accelerated Heavy

Authors, Various

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

LASER-PLASMA-ACCELERATOR-BASED GAMMA GAMMA COLLIDERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LASER-PLASMA-ACCELERATOR-BASED ?? COLLIDERS ? C. B.linear col- lider based on laser-plasma-accelerators arediscussed, and a laser-plasma-accelerator-based gamma-

Schroeder, C. B.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Advanced Manufacturing Jobs and Innovation Accelerator Challenge |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technical Assistance » Advanced Manufacturing Jobs and Innovation Technical Assistance » Advanced Manufacturing Jobs and Innovation Accelerator Challenge Advanced Manufacturing Jobs and Innovation Accelerator Challenge October 10, 2013 - 12:01pm Addthis The Advanced Manufacturing Jobs and Innovation Accelerator Challenge (Accelerator) is a multi-agency sponsored competition established to enhance existing regional networks of firms and institutions that accelerate technology-related innovation, business formation, and job creation. Funding provided to these regional networks (also called clusters) help academia, utilities, local governments, and private industry and investors expand partnerships, share strategic information more efficiently, and reduce costs by leveraging existing assets and resources (like physical facilities and equipment).

391

Accelerator Technology Division progress report, FY 1992  

SciTech Connect

This report briefly discusses the following topics: The Ground Test Accelerator Program; Defense Free-Electron Lasers; AXY Programs; A Next Generation High-Power Neutron-Scattering Facility; JAERI OMEGA Project and Intense Neutron Sources for Materials Testing; Advanced Free-Electron Laser Initiative; Superconducting Supercollider; The High-Power Microwave (HPM) Program; Neutral Particle Beam (NPB) Power Systems Highlights; Industrial Partnering; Accelerator Physics and Special Projects; Magnetic Optics and Beam Diagnostics; Accelerator Design and Engineering; Radio-Frequency Technology; Accelerator Theory and Free-Electron Laser Technology; Accelerator Controls and Automation; Very High-Power Microwave Sources and Effects; and GTA Installation, Commissioning, and Operations.

Schriber, S.O.; Hardekopf, R.A.; Heighway, E.A.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Community Petascale Project for Accelerator Science and Simulation: Advancing Computational Science for Future Accelerators and Accelerator Technologies  

SciTech Connect

The design and performance optimization of particle accelerators are essential for the success of the DOE scientific program in the next decade. Particle accelerators are very complex systems whose accurate description involves a large number of degrees of freedom and requires the inclusion of many physics processes. Building on the success of the SciDAC-1 Accelerator Science and Technology project, the SciDAC-2 Community Petascale Project for Accelerator Science and Simulation (ComPASS) is developing a comprehensive set of interoperable components for beam dynamics, electromagnetics, electron cooling, and laser/plasma acceleration modelling. ComPASS is providing accelerator scientists the tools required to enable the necessary accelerator simulation paradigm shift from high-fidelity single physics process modeling (covered under SciDAC1) to high-fidelity multiphysics modeling. Our computational frameworks have been used to model the behavior of a large number of accelerators and accelerator R&D experiments, assisting both their design and performance optimization. As parallel computational applications, the ComPASS codes have been shown to make effective use of thousands of processors. ComPASS is in the first year of executing its plan to develop the next-generation HPC accelerator modeling tools. ComPASS aims to develop an integrated simulation environment that will utilize existing and new accelerator physics modules with petascale capabilities, by employing modern computing and solver technologies. The ComPASS vision is to deliver to accelerator scientists a virtual accelerator and virtual prototyping modeling environment, with the necessary multiphysics, multiscale capabilities. The plan for this development includes delivering accelerator modeling applications appropriate for each stage of the ComPASS software evolution. Such applications are already being used to address challenging problems in accelerator design and optimization. The ComPASS organization for software development and applications accounts for the natural domain areas (beam dynamics, electromagnetics, and advanced acceleration), and all areas depend on the enabling technologies activities, such as solvers and component technology, to deliver the desired performance and integrated simulation environment. The ComPASS applications focus on computationally challenging problems important for design or performance optimization to all major HEP, NP, and BES accelerator facilities. With the cost and complexity of particle accelerators rising, the use of computation to optimize their designs and find improved operating regimes becomes essential, potentially leading to significant cost savings with modest investment.

Spentzouris, P.; /Fermilab; Cary, J.; /Tech-X, Boulder; McInnes, L.C.; /Argonne; Mori, W.; /UCLA; Ng, C.; /SLAC; Ng, E.; Ryne, R.; /LBL, Berkeley

2011-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

393

Accelerating Clean-up at Savannah River | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Accelerating Clean-up at Savannah River Accelerating Clean-up at Savannah River Accelerating Clean-up at Savannah River More Documents & Publications Accelerating Clean-up at...

394

Accelerator experiments contradicting general relativity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The deflection of gamma-rays in Earth's gravitational field is tested in laser Compton scattering at high energy accelerators. Within a formalism connecting the bending angle to the photon's momentum it follows that detected gamma-ray spectra are inconsistent with a deflection magnitude of 2.78 nrad, predicted by Einstein's gravity theory. Moreover, preliminary results for 13-28 GeV photons from two different laboratories show opposite - away from the Earth - deflection, amounting to 33.8-0.8 prad. I conclude that general relativity, which describes gravity at low energies precisely, break down at high energies.

Vahagn Gharibyan

2014-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

395

Plasma beat-wave accelerator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We perform an analytic study of some quantities relevant to the plasma beat-wave accelerator (PBWA) concept. We obtain analytic expressions for the plasma frequency, longitudinal electron velocity, plasma density and longitudinal plasma electric field of a nonlinear longitudinal electron plasma oscillation with amplitude less than the wave-breaking limit and phase velocity approaching the speed of light. We also estimate the luminosity of a single-pass e/sup +/e/sup -/ linear PBWA collider assuming the energy and collision beamstrahlung are fixed parameters.

Noble, R.J.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Accelerators for heavy ion fusion  

SciTech Connect

Large fusion devices will almost certainly produce net energy. However, a successful commercial fusion energy system must also satisfy important engineering and economic constraints. Inertial confinement fusion power plants driven by multi-stage, heavy-ion accelerators appear capable of meeting these constraints. The reasons behind this promising outlook for heavy-ion fusion are given in this report. This report is based on the transcript of a talk presented at the Symposium on Lasers and Particle Beams for Fusion and Strategic Defense at the University of Rochester on April 17-19, 1985.

Bangerter, R.O.

1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

High Performance Computing in Accelerator Science: Past Successes. Future Challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High Performance Computing in Accelerator Science: PastAC02- 05CH11231. High Performance Computing in Accelerator

Ryne, R.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

RECENT ADVANCES IN THE TECHNOLOGY OF SUPERCONDUCTING ACCELERATOR MAGNETS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accelerator Magnets, Brookhaven National Laboratory,in Superconducting Magnets,- Brookhaven National Laboratory,Accelerator Magnet Wire," Brookhaven National Laboratory,

Taylor, C.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

DOE O 420.2C, Safety of Accelerator Facilities  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

The order defines accelerators and establishes accelerator specific safety requirements and approval authorities which, when supplemented by other applicable ...

2011-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

400

1998 SSRL Accelerator Physics Schedule  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SSRL Accelerator Physics Schedule SSRL Accelerator Physics Schedule Proposal Deadline Schedule Announcement Experimental Period Duration Tue, Nov 11, 17:00 Wed, Nov 12, '97 17:00 Mon, Nov 17, '97 18:00-Wed, Nov 19, '97 02:00 32 hrs Mon, Dec 01, '97 17:00 Tue, Dec 02, '97 13:00 Mon, Dec 08, '97 06:00-Wed, Dec 10, '97 02:00 44 hrs Mon, Jan 05, 17:00 Tue, Jan 06, 13:00 Mon, Jan 12, 18:00-Wed, Jan 14, 02:00 32 hrs Fri, Jan 16, 17:00 Tue, Jan 20, 13:00 Mon, Jan 26, 06:00-Wed, Jan 28, 02:00 44 hrs Mon, Feb 02, 17:00 Tue, Feb 03, 13:00 Tue, Feb 10, 18:00-Thu, Feb 12, 02:00 32 hrs Tue, Feb 17, 17:00 Wed, Feb 18, 17:00 Mon, Feb 23, 06:00-Wed, Feb 25, 02:00 44 hrs Mon, Mar 02, 17:00 Tue, Mar 03, 13:00 Mon, Mar 09, 18:00-Wed, Mar 11, 02:00 32 hrs Mon, Mar 16, 17:00 Tue, Mar 17, 13:00 Mon, Mar 23, 06:00-Wed, Mar 25, 02:00 44 hrs

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wakefield accelerator awa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

1997 SSRL Accelerator Physics Schedule  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SSRL Accelerator Physics Schedule SSRL Accelerator Physics Schedule Proposal Deadline Schedule Announcement Experimental Period Duration Mon, Nov 11, '96 17:00 Tue, Nov 12, '96 13:00 Tue, Nov 19, '96 15:00-Wed, Nov 20, '96 02:00 11 hrs Mon, Dec 02, '96 17:00 Tue, Dec 03, '96 13:00 Mon, Dec 09, '96 06:00-Wed, Dec 11, '96 02:00 44 hrs Mon, Jan 06, 17:00 Tue, Jan 07, 13:00 Mon, Jan 13, 18:00-Wed, Jan 15, 02:00 32 hrs Mon, Jan 20, 17:00 Tue, Jan 21, 13:00 Mon, Jan 27, 06:00-Wed, Jan 29, 02:00 44 hrs Mon, Feb 03, 17:00 Tue, Feb 04, 13:00 Tue, Feb 11, 18:00-Thu, Feb 13, 02:00 32 hrs Mon, Feb 18, 09:30 Tue, Feb 18, 13:00 Mon, Feb 24, 06:00-Wed, Feb 26, 02:00 44 hrs Mon, Mar 03, 17:00 Tue, Mar 04, 13:00 Mon, Mar 10, 18:00-Wed, Mar 12, 02:00 32 hrs Mon, Mar 17, 17:00 Tue, Mar 18, 13:00 Mon, Mar 24, 06:00-Wed, Mar 26, 02:00 44 hrs

402

2000 SSRL Accelerator Physics Schedule  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SSRL Accelerator Physics Schedule SSRL Accelerator Physics Schedule Proposal Deadline Schedule Announcement Experimental Period Duration Mon, Nov 08, '99 17:00 Tue, Nov 09, '99 13:00 Mon, Nov 15, '99 18:00-Wed, Nov 17, '99 02:00 32 hrs Mon, Nov 29, '99 17:00 Tue, Nov 30, '99 13:00 Mon, Dec 06, '99 06:00-Wed, Dec 08, '99 02:00 44 hrs Mon, Jan 03, 17:00 Tue, Jan 04, 13:00 Mon, Jan 10, 18:00-Wed, Jan 12, 02:00 32 hrs Fri, Jan 14, 17:00 Tue, Jan 18, 13:00 Mon, Jan 24, 06:00-Wed, Jan 26, 02:00 44 hrs Mon, Feb 14, 17:00 Tue, Feb 15, 17:00 Tue, Feb 22, 06:00-Thu, Feb 24, 02:00 44 hrs Mon, Feb 28, 17:00 Tue, Feb 29, 13:00 Mon, Mar 06, 18:00-Wed, Mar 08, 02:00 32 hrs Mon, Mar 13, 17:00 Tue, Mar 14, 13:00 Mon, Mar 20, 06:00-Wed, Mar 22, 02:00 44 hrs Mon, Apr 10, 17:00 Tue, Apr 11, 13:00 Mon, Apr 17, 06:00-Wed, Apr 19, 02:00 44 hrs

403

2002 SSRL Accelerator Physics Schedule  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SSRL Accelerator Physics Schedule SSRL Accelerator Physics Schedule Proposal Deadline Schedule Announcement Experimental Period Duration Mon, Nov 05, '01 17:00 Tue, Nov 06, '01 13:00 Mon, Nov 12, '01 18:00-Wed, Nov 14, '01 02:00 32 hrs Mon, Dec 03, '01 17:00 Tue, Dec 04, '01 13:00 Mon, Dec 10, '01 06:00-Wed, Dec 12, '01 02:00 44 hrs Mon, Dec 17, '01 09:00 Tue, Dec 18, '01 13:00 Mon, Jan 07, 18:00-Wed, Jan 9, 02:00 32 hrs Mon, Jan 14, 12:00 Tue, Jan 15, 13:00 Tue, Jan 22, 06:00-Thu, Jan 24, 02:00 44 hrs Mon, Jan 28, 17:00 Tue, Jan 29, 17:00 Tue, Feb 05, 18:00-Thu, Feb 07, 02:00 32 hrs Mon, Feb 11, 17:00 Tue, Feb 12, 17:00 Tue, Feb 19, 06:00-Wed, Feb 20, 02:00 20 hrs Mon, Feb 25, 17:00 Tue, Feb 26, 13:00 Mon, Mar 04, 18:00-Wed, Mar 06, 02:00 32 hrs Mon, Mar 11, 17:00 Tue, Mar 12, 13:00 Mon, Mar 18, 06:00-Wed, Mar 20, 02:00 44 hrs

404

1999 SSRL Accelerator Physics Schedule  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9 SSRL Accelerator Physics Schedule 9 SSRL Accelerator Physics Schedule Proposal Deadline Schedule Announcement Experimental Period Duration Mon, Nov 30, '98 17:00 Tue, Dec 01, '98 13:00 Mon, Dec 07, '98 06:00-Wed, Dec 09, '98 02:00 44 hrs Mon, Jan 04, 17:00 Tue, Jan 05, 13:00 Mon, Jan 11, 18:00-Wed, Jan 13, 02:00 32 hrs Fri, Jan 15, 17:00 Tue, Jan 19, 13:00 Mon, Jan 25, 06:00-Wed, Jan 27, 02:00 44 hrs Mon, Feb 01, 17:00 Tue, Feb 02, 13:00 Tue, Feb 09, 18:00-Thu, Feb 11, 02:00 32 hrs Tue, Feb 16, 17:00 Wed, Feb 17, 17:00 Mon, Feb 22, 06:00-Wed, Feb 24, 02:00 44 hrs Mon, Mar 01, 17:00 Tue, Mar 02, 13:00 Mon, Mar 08, 18:00-Wed, Mar 10, 02:00 32 hrs Mon, Mar 15, 17:00 Tue, Mar 16, 13:00 Mon, Mar 22, 06:00-Wed, Mar 24, 02:00 44 hrs Mon, Apr 12, 17:00 Tue, Apr 13, 13:00 Mon, Apr 19, 06:00-Wed, Apr 21, 02:00 44 hrs

405

Commnity Petascale Project for Accelerator Science and Simulation: Advancing Computational Science for Future Accelerators and Accelerator Technologies  

SciTech Connect

The design and performance optimization of particle accelerators is essential for the success of the DOE scientific program in the next decade. Particle accelerators are very complex systems whose accurate description involves a large number of degrees of freedom and requires the inclusion of many physics processes. Building on the success of the SciDAC1 Accelerator Science and Technology project, the SciDAC2 Community Petascale Project for Accelerator Science and Simulation (ComPASS) is developing a comprehensive set of interoperable components for beam dynamics, electromagnetics, electron cooling, and laser/plasma acceleration modeling. ComPASS is providing accelerator scientists the tools required to enable the necessary accelerator simulation paradigm shift from high-fidelity single physics process modeling (covered under SciDAC1) to high-fidelity multi-physics modeling. Our computational frameworks have been used to model the behavior of a large number of accelerators and accelerator R&D experiments, assisting both their design and performance optimization. As parallel computational applications, the ComPASS codes have been shown to make effective use of thousands of processors.

Spentzouris, Panagiotis; /Fermilab; Cary, John; /Tech-X, Boulder; Mcinnes, Lois Curfman; /Argonne; Mori, Warren; /UCLA; Ng, Cho; /SLAC; Ng, Esmond; Ryne, Robert; /LBL, Berkeley

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Commnity Petascale Project for Accelerator Science And Simulation: Advancing Computational Science for Future Accelerators And Accelerator Technologies  

SciTech Connect

The design and performance optimization of particle accelerators are essential for the success of the DOE scientific program in the next decade. Particle accelerators are very complex systems whose accurate description involves a large number of degrees of freedom and requires the inclusion of many physics processes. Building on the success of the SciDAC-1 Accelerator Science and Technology project, the SciDAC-2 Community Petascale Project for Accelerator Science and Simulation (ComPASS) is developing a comprehensive set of interoperable components for beam dynamics, electromagnetics, electron cooling, and laser/plasma acceleration modelling. ComPASS is providing accelerator scientists the tools required to enable the necessary accelerator simulation paradigm shift from high-fidelity single physics process modeling (covered under SciDAC1) to high-fidelity multiphysics modeling. Our computational frameworks have been used to model the behavior of a large number of accelerators and accelerator R&D experiments, assisting both their design and performance optimization. As parallel computational applications, the ComPASS codes have been shown to make effective use of thousands of processors.

Spentzouris, Panagiotis; /Fermilab; Cary, John; /Tech-X, Boulder; Mcinnes, Lois Curfman; /Argonne; Mori, Warren; /UCLA; Ng, Cho; /SLAC; Ng, Esmond; Ryne, Robert; /LBL, Berkeley

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

407

RHIC Superconducting Accelerator and Electron Cooling Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Organization Chart (PDF) Organization Chart (PDF) Accelerator R&D Division eRHIC R&D Energy Recovery Linac Photocathode R&D Superconducting RF Electron Cooling LARP Center for Accelerator Science and Education C-AD Accelerator R&D Division Superconducting RF Group Group Headed By: Sergey Belomestnykh This web site presents information on the Superconducting Accelerator and RHIC Electron Cooling Group, which is in the Accelerator R&D Division of the Collider-Accelerator Department of Brookhaven National Laboratory. Work is supported mainly by the Division of Nuclear Physics of the US Department of Energy. Upcoming Events: TBD Most recent events: 56 MHz 2nd External Review, March 8-9, 2011 External Review of the Energy Recovery Linac, February 17-18, 2010. Report of the Review Committee

408

Electron acceleration in solar noise storms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an up-to-date review of the physics of electron acceleration in solar noi se storms. We describe the observed characteristics of noise storm emission, emphasi zing recent advances in imaging observations. We briefly describe the general method ology of treating particle acceleration problems and apply it to the specific proble m of electron acceleration in noise storms. We dwell on the issue of the efficiency of the overall noise storm emission process and outline open problems in this area.

Subramanian, P

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Electron acceleration in solar noise storms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an up-to-date review of the physics of electron acceleration in solar noi se storms. We describe the observed characteristics of noise storm emission, emphasi zing recent advances in imaging observations. We briefly describe the general method ology of treating particle acceleration problems and apply it to the specific proble m of electron acceleration in noise storms. We dwell on the issue of the efficiency of the overall noise storm emission process and outline open problems in this area.

Prasad Subramanian

2007-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

410

Solar system constraints on Rindler acceleration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the classical tests of general relativity in the presence of Rindler acceleration. Among these tests the perihelion shifts give the tightest constraints and indicate that the Pioneer anomaly cannot be caused by a universal solar system Rindler acceleration. We address potential caveats for massive test-objects. Our tightest bound on Rindler acceleration that comes with no caveats is derived from radar echo delay and yields |a|<3nm/s^2.

Sante Carloni; Daniel Grumiller; Florian Preis

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Accelerator Technology Division progress report, FY 1993  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report discusses the following topics: A Next-Generation Spallation-Neutron Source; Accelerator Performance Demonstration Facility; APEX Free-Electron Laser Project; The Ground Test Accelerator (GTA) Program; Intense Neutron Source for Materials Testing; Linac Physics and Special Projects; Magnetic Optics and Beam Diagnostics; Radio-Frequency Technology; Accelerator Controls and Automation; Very High-Power Microwave Sources and Effects; and GTA Installation, Commissioning, and Operation.

Schriber, S.O.; Hardekopf, R.A.; Heighway, E.A.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

412

Application of Phase Diagram Calculation to Accelerated ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Application of Phase Diagram Calculation to Accelerated Development of Mo-Si-B Based Alloys. Author(s), Ying Yang, H Bei, Shuanglin...

413

Science Accelerator : Main View : Deep Federated Search  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Us | OSTI HOME ADVANCED SEARCH ALERTS ABOUT RESOURCE DESCRIPTIONS Powered by Deep Web Technologies Science Accelerator QR Code | RSS | RSS Archive | Share | Widget Help |...

414

Particle Acceleration by Electromagnetic-Dominated Outflows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review recent developments in particle acceleration by Poynting flux using plasma kinetic simulations, and discuss their potential applications to gamma-ray burst phenomenology

Edison Liang; Koichi Noguchi

2006-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

415

Particle Acceleration by Electromagnetic-Dominated Outflows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review recent developments in particle acceleration by Poynting flux using plasma kinetic simulations, and discuss their potential applications to gamma-ray burst phenomenology

Liang, E; Liang, Edison; Noguchi, Koichi

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Accelerator Operations and Physics - Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data Review Fill History RMD Reports ASD AES XSD APS Argonne Accelerator Operations & Physics Operational Items Storage ring current and lifetime On-axis Brilliance Plots Source...

417

Inexact and accelerated proximal point algorithms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

required, with the sum of total errors that can be possibly infinite. This is a remarkable fact that does not occur in the classical (non accelerated) proximal point...

418

Physics Out Loud - SRF Accelerator Cavities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Short-range Correlations Previous Video (Short-range Correlations) Physics Out Loud Main Index Next Video (User Facility) User Facility SRF Accelerator Cavities Charlie Reece, an...

419

Accelerators for Testing Radiation Tolerances of Electronics...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

upgrades in 2001, 2003 (TAMU) Result of NP research: Accelerator Physics development and energy loss studies Application currently being supported by: Large number of government...

420

High-Energy Laser Ponderomotive Acceleration  

SciTech Connect

A new concept of TeV-range laser ponderomotive acceleration in a plasma is proposed. Particles are accelerated in the point-like scattering by the leading front of the laser pulse, propagating at the group velocity less than the vacuum speed of light. In this scheme, the gain in particle energy is determined by the group velocity and does not depend on laser intensity, which determines the quantum probability of acceleration. The quantum and classical analysis of the scheme proposed is presented. Estimates show that the concept proposed is a promising technique for compact laser acceleration of TeV energy range.

Smetanin, I.V.; /Lebedev Inst.; Barnes, C.; /SLAC; Nakajima, K.; /KEK, Tsukuba

2006-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wakefield accelerator awa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Offshore Wind Accelerator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector Wind energy Product Research and development initiative aimed at cutting the cost of offshore wind energy. References Offshore Wind Accelerator1 LinkedIn Connections...

422

Science Accelerator Resource Descriptions, Office of Scientific...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Resource Descriptions Below you will find descriptions of each of the scientific and technical resources searchable in the Science Accelerator. DOE Data Explorer Locate collections...

423

Mission of the Accelerator Systems Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Photon Source and to pursue research and development profitable to the science of accelerators and future light source technologies. This mission is accomplished by pursuing the...

424

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - Facility for Advanced...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2012 as a test bed for technologies that will power the next generation of particle accelerators. It also hosts experiments that require extreme electric and magnetic fields. Visit...

425

International Conference on Accelerator and Large Experimental...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Large Experimental Physics Control Systems Covering control system topics for accelerators, telescopes, fusion, physics detectors, space exploration, and more Proceedings...

426

Venture Acceleration Fund now accepting 2012 applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2012 applications Venture Acceleration Fund now accepting 2012 applications The three companies selected will receive up to 100,000 each to commercialize technology and take it to...

427

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - About SLAC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About SLAC Overview Director's Office Vision & Mission Organization History Brochures Contact SLAC About SLAC SLAC lab at night Since its opening in 1962, SLAC National Accelerator...

428

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - SLAC Overview  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SLAC Overview An aerial image of SLAC's facilities SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory is one of 10 Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science laboratories and is operated by...

429

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - Novel Magnetic, Superconducting...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials and Energy Science (SIMES), a joint institute of the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University, opens "exciting possibilities...

430

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - Panofsky Prize Honors...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, and Cabrera, of Stanford University and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, have sought the same answers in deep shafts largely...

431

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - Experiment Finds Ulcer...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

10, 2012 Menlo Park, Calif. - Experiments at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have revealed a potential new way to attack common...

432

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - Roger Blandford Receives...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, which is jointly run by Stanford and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, and is a professor of particle physics and...

433

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - Speakers Bureau  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

accelerator technology, chemistry, astrophysics and more. For more information or to book a speaker, please contact the Office of Communications. RELATED LINKS Contact SLAC...

434

An Accelerator Control Middle Layer Using MATLAB  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accelerator Control." SSRL Memo, March, [5] G. Portmann, ALS (LBNL) and SPEAR3 (SSRL) but easily ports to othereffort between ALS and SSRL, many of the control functions

Portmann, Gregory J.; Corbett, Jeff; Terebilo, Andrei

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - LCLS Graphite Experiment...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LCLS Graphite Experiment Poses New Questions for Researchers By Glenn Roberts Jr. May 21, 2012 In experiments at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, a powerful X-ray laser...

436

Slow Waveguide Structures for Particle Accelerators  

A waveguide design that can save time and money in the construction and tuning ofa particle accelerator was developed by ORNL researchers. Particle ...

437

Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility Technologies ...  

Jefferson Lab also conducts a variety of research using its Free-Electron Laser, which is based on the same electron-accelerating technology used in CEBAF.

438

Accelerating polarized beams in Tevatron  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we will examine the totality of equipment, manpower and cost necessary to obtain a polarized proton beam in the Tevatron. We will not, however, be concerned with the acquisition and acceleration of polarized /bar p/ beams. Furthermore we will consider only a planar main ring without overpass, although it is expected that Siberian snake schemes could be made to apply equally well to non-planar machines. In addition to not wanting to tackle here the task of reformulating the theory for a non-planar closed orbit, we also anticipate that as part of the Tevatron upgrade the main ring will in the not too distant future, be replaced by a planar main injector situated in a separate tunnel. 4 refs., 11 figs., 1 tab.

Teng, L.C.

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

FEL-accelerator related diagnostics  

SciTech Connect

Free Electron Lasers (FEL) present a unique set of beam parameters to the diagnostics suite. The FEL requires characterization of the full six dimensional phase space of the electron beam at the wiggler and accurate alignment of the electron beam to the optical mode of the laser. In addition to the FEL requirements on the diagnostics suite, the Jefferson Lab FEL is operated as an Energy Recovered Linac (ERL) which imposes additional requirements on the diagnostics. The ERL aspect of the Jefferson Lab FEL requires that diagnostics operate over a unique dynamic range and operate with simultaneous transport of the accelerated and energy recovered beams. This talk will present how these challenges are addressed at the Jefferson Lab FEL.

Kevin Jordan; David Douglas; Stephen V. Benson; Pavel Evtuschenko

2007-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

440

Interactive troubleshooting guide for accelerators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Modern accelerators face the challenge of supporting increased machine complexity and higher levels of utilization while relying on downsized maintenance and support groups. To improve system availability, reduce reliance on system experts and provide a systematic approach to problem solving, an interactive troubleshooting guide has been implemented for the CEBAF injector at Jefferson lab. This guide, which uses a tree structure with appropriate hypertext links, traces problems from a set of symptoms, through a series of diagnostic tests, to a specific corrective action. This guide is used in conjunction with an active parameter monitoring system that is part of the EPICS control system tool kit. The monitoring system generates operator alarms when injector RF or magnet parameters fall outside pre-set windows. Operators receive immediate feedback when injector components vary from their standard values and the troubleshooting guide provides a systematic means to identify and ultimately correct the problem.

Legg, R.; Dunham, B.; Higgins, S.; Kazimi, R.; Kehne, D.; Oren, T.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wakefield accelerator awa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Materials considerations in accelerator targets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Future nuclear materials production and/or the burn-up of long lived radioisotopes may be accomplished through the capture of spallation produced neutrons in accelerators. Aluminum clad-lead and/or lead alloys has been proposed as a spallation target. Aluminum was the cladding choice because of the low neutron absorption cross section, fast radioactivity decay, high thermal conductivity, and excellent fabricability. Metallic lead and lead oxide powders were considered for the target core with the fabrication options being casting or powder metallurgy (PM). Scoping tests to evaluate gravity casting, squeeze casting, and casting and swaging processes showed that, based on fabricability and heat transfer considerations, squeeze casting was the preferred option for manufacture of targets with initial core cladding contact. Thousands of aluminum clad aluminum-lithium alloy core targets and control rods for tritium production have been fabricated by coextrusion processes and successfully irradiated in the SRS reactors. Tritium retention in, and release from the coextruded product was modeled from experimental and operational data. Newly produced tritium atoms were trapped by lithium atoms to form a lithium tritide. The effective tritium pressure required for trap or tritide stability was the equilibrium decomposition pressure of tritium over a lithium tritide-aluminum mixture. The temperature dependence of tritium release was determined by the permeability of the cladding to tritium and the local equilibrium at the trap sites. The model can be used to calculate tritium release from aluminum clad, aluminum-lithium alloy targets during postulated accelerator operational and accident conditions. This paper describes the manufacturing technologies evaluated and presents the model for tritium retention in aluminum clad, aluminum-lithium alloy tritium production targets.

Peacock, H.B. Jr.; Iyer, N.C.; Louthan, M.R. Jr. [Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States). Materials Technology Section

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Accelerator transmutation of waste economics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A parametric systems model of the accelerator transmutation of (nuclear) waste (ATW) is used to examine key system trade-offs and design drivers on the basis of unit costs. This model is applied primarily to a fluid-fuel blanket concept for an ATW that generates net electric power from the fissioning of spent commercial reactor fuel. An important goal of this study is the development of essential parametric trade-offs to aid in any future conceptual engineering design of an ATW that would burn spent commercial fuel and generate net electric power. As such, costing procedures and methodologies used to estimate and compare advanced nuclear power generation systems are applied. The cost of electricity required by an electrical power-generating ATW fueled with spent commercial fuels is generally found to be above that projected for other advanced fission power plants. The accelerator and the chemical plant equipment cost accounts are quantitatively identified as main cost drivers, with the capital cost of radio-frequency power dominating the former. Significant reductions of this cost differential are possible by increased blanket neutron multiplication, increased plant capacity, or increased thermal-to-electric conversion efficiency. The benefits of reduced long-lived fission products and spent commercial fuel actinides provided by the ATW approach translate into a less tangible source of revenue to be provided by a charge that must be levied on the client fission power plants being serviced. The main goal of this study, however, is not a direct cost comparison but is instead a quantitative determination of cost-based sensitivity of key cost drivers and operational modes for an ATW concept that would address the growing spent commercial fuel problem; parametric results presented focus on this goal, and a specific ATW ``straw man`` is given to achieve this main objective.

Krakowski, R.A. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Accelerating cleanup: Paths to closure  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the status of Environmental Management`s (EM`s) cleanup program and a direction forward to complete achievement of the 2006 vision. Achieving the 2006 vision results in significant benefits related to accomplishing EM program objectives. As DOE sites accelerate cleanup activities, risks to public health, the environment, and worker safety and health are all reduced. Finding more efficient ways to conduct work can result in making compliance with applicable environmental requirements easier to achieve. Finally, as cleanup activities at sites are completed, the EM program can focus attention and resources on the small number of sites with more complex cleanup challenges. Chapter 1 describes the process by which this report has been developed and what it hopes to accomplish, its relationship to the EM decision-making process, and a general background of the EM mission and program. Chapter 2 describes how the site-by-site projections were constructed, and summarizes, for each of DOE`s 11 Operations/Field Offices, the projected costs and schedules for completing the cleanup mission. Chapter 3 presents summaries of the detailed cleanup projections from three of the 11 Operations/Field Offices: Rocky Flats (Colorado), Richland (Washington), and Savannah River (South Carolina). The remaining eight Operations/Field Office summaries are in Appendix E. Chapter 4 reviews the cost drivers, budgetary constraints, and performance enhancements underlying the detailed analysis of the 353 projects that comprise EM`s accelerated cleanup and closure effort. Chapter 5 describes a management system to support the EM program. Chapter 6 provides responses to the general comments received on the February draft of this document.

NONE

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Report on accelerated corrosion studies.  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) conducted accelerated atmospheric corrosion testing for the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) to help further the understanding of the development of corrosion products on conductor materials in household electrical components exposed to environmental conditions representative of homes constructed with problem drywall. The conditions of the accelerated testing were chosen to produce corrosion product growth that would be consistent with long-term exposure to environments containing humidity and parts per billion (ppb) levels of hydrogen sulfide (H{sub 2}S) that are thought to have been the source of corrosion in electrical components from affected homes. This report documents the test set-up, monitoring of electrical performance of powered electrical components during the exposure, and the materials characterization conducted on wires, screws, and contact plates from selected electrical components. No degradation in electrical performance (measured via voltage drop) was measured during the course of the 8-week exposure, which was approximately equivalent to 40 years of exposure in a light industrial environment. Analyses show that corrosion products consisting of various phases of copper sulfide, copper sulfate, and copper oxide are found on exposed surfaces of the conductor materials including wires, screws, and contact plates. The morphology and the thickness of the corrosion products showed a range of character. In some of the copper wires that were observed, corrosion product had flaked or spalled off the surface, exposing fresh metal to the reaction with the contaminant gasses; however, there was no significant change in the wire cross-sectional area.

Mowry, Curtis Dale; Glass, Sarah Jill; Sorensen, Neil Robert

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Initial Tests Of The Dual-Sweep Streak Camera System Planned For Aps Particle-Beam Diagnostics*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Initial tests of a dual-sweep streak system planned for use on the Advanced Photon Source (APS) have been performed using assets of the Argonne Wakefield Accelerator (AWA) facility. The short light pulses from the photoelectric injector drive laser in both the visible (l=496 nm, Dt~1.5 ps (FWHM)), and the ultraviolet (l= 248 nm, Dt~5 ps (FWHM)) were used. Both a UV-visible S20 photocathode streak tube and a UV-tox -ray Au photocathode streak tube were tested. Calibration data with an etalon were also obtained. A sample of dualsweep streak data using optical synchrotron radiation on the APS injector synchrotron is also presented. I. INTRODUCTION The Advanced Photon Source will be a third-generation synchrotron radiation facility for the hard x-ray (10-100 keV) research community. The need to measure and monitor particle and photon beam parameters in the single bunch (10 ps), bunch-to-bunch (3 to 180 ns), and turn-by-turn (3.68 s) timescales has resulted in the choice of a dual-sweep s...

Lumpkin Yang And; A. Lumpkin; B. Yang; W. Gai; W. Cieslik

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Comparison of the plasma beat wave accelerator and the plasma wake field accelerator  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we compare the Plasma Beat Wave Accelerator and Plasma Wake Field Accelerator. We show that the electric fields in the plasma for both schemes are very similar, and thus the dynamics of the driven beams are very similar. The differences appear in the parameters associated with the driving beams. In particular to obtain a given accelerating gradient, the Plasma Wake Field Accelerator has a higher efficiency and a lower total energy for the driving beam. 7 refs., 2 tabs.

Chen, P.; Ruth, R.D.

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

The Heating & Acceleration of the Solar Wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Heating & Acceleration of the Solar Wind Eliot Quataert (UC Berkeley) Collaborators: Steve & Slow Winds · The Puzzle of the High Frequency Cascade (or the lack thereof ....) · Possible Solutions #12;Background · Heating required to accelerate the solar wind · Early models invoked e- conduction

Wurtele, Jonathan

448

RHIC sextant test: Accelerator systems and performance  

SciTech Connect

One sextant of the RHIC Collider was commissioned in early 1997 with beam. We describe here the performance of the accelerator systems, instrumentation subsystems and application software. We also describe a ramping test without beam that took place after the commissioning with beam. Finally, we analyze the implications of accelerator systems performance and their impact on the planning for RHIC installation and commissioning.

Pilat, F.; Trbojevic, D.; Ahrens, L. [and others

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Accelerator Production Options for 99MO  

SciTech Connect

Shortages of {sup 99}Mo, the most commonly used diagnostic medical isotope, have caused great concern and have prompted numerous suggestions for alternate production methods. A wide variety of accelerator-based approaches have been suggested. In this paper we survey and compare the various accelerator-based approaches.

Bertsche, Kirk; /SLAC

2010-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

450

Cohesion: a hybrid memory model for accelerators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two broad classes of memory models are available today: models with hardware cache coherence, used in conventional chip multiprocessors, and models that rely upon software to manage coherence, found in compute accelerators. In some systems, both types ... Keywords: accelerator, cache coherence, computer architecture

John H. Kelm; Daniel R. Johnson; William Tuohy; Steven S. Lumetta; Sanjay J. Patel

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Very high energy heavy-ion accelerators  

SciTech Connect

A review is given of various programs for building heavy ion accelerators. Topics discussed are (1) options of reaching very high energies with heavy ions; (2) present performance of the superHILAC and the Bevalac; (3) heavy ion sources; (4) applications of heavy ion accelerators outside of basic research; and (5) reliability and operating costs of heavy ion sources. (PMA)

Grunder, H.A.

1975-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Magnetic instabilities in accelerating plasma surfaces  

SciTech Connect

The existence of an interchange instability strictly associated with electron inertia is demonstrated. This is characterized by a growth rate significantly larger than the usual ion-inertial Rayleigh-Taylor rate and by self-generated magnetic fields localized around the accelerating plasma surface. This novel instability may be partially responsible for the observed magnetic fields in ablatively accelerated laser plasmas.

Amendt, P.; Rahman, H.U.; Strauss, M.

1984-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

453

Does The Pioneer Anomalous Acceleration Really Exist?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The analysis of the Pioneer 10 and 11 data demonstrated the presence of an anomalous Doppler frequency blue-shift drift which is interpreted as an anomalous acceleration. The Doppler frequency dirft follows by considering the motions of the Pioneers in the universe, i.e. it is of cosmological origin. There is no anomalous acceleration.

Walter Petry

2005-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

454

A Survey of Hadron Therapy Accelerator Technologies.  

SciTech Connect

Hadron therapy has entered a new age [1]. The number of facilities grows steadily, and 'consumer' interest is high. Some groups are working on new accelerator technology, while others optimize existing designs by reducing capital and operating costs, and improving performance. This paper surveys the current requirements and directions in accelerator technology for hadron therapy.

PEGGS,S.; SATOGATA, T.; FLANZ, J.

2007-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

455

Independent Oversight Inspection, Stanford Linear Accelerator Center -  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Stanford Linear Accelerator Stanford Linear Accelerator Center - January 2007 Independent Oversight Inspection, Stanford Linear Accelerator Center - January 2007 January 2007 Inspection of Environment, Safety, and Health Programs at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Independent Oversight, within the Office of Health, Safety and Security, conducted an inspection of environment, safety, and health (ES&H) programs at the DOE Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) during October and November 2006. The inspection was performed by Independent Oversight's Office of Environment, Safety and Health Evaluations. Since the 2004 Type A electrical accident, SSO and SLAC have made improvements in many aspects of ES&H programs. However, the deficiencies in

456

Accelerator Operations and Technology, AOT: LANL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ADE Accelerator and Operations Technology, AOT ADE Accelerator and Operations Technology, AOT About Us AOT Home Groups Accelerator, Beam Science High Power Electrodynamics Instrumentation, Controls Mechanical Design Engineering Operations Radio Frequency Engineering CONTACTS Division Leader John Erickson Deputy Division Leader for Operations Martha Zumbro Deputy Division Leader for Technology Subrata Nath Administrator Jean N. Trujillo Phone: (505) 665-2683 Put a short description of the graphic or its primary message here Accelerator and Operations Technology The Accelerator and Operations Technology (AOT) Division at Los Alamos National Laboratory conducts fundamental and applied research and development needed to improve operations and operations support for the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE). AOT's R&D efforts include

457

ACCELERATING POLARIZED PROTONS TO HIGH ENERGY.  

SciTech Connect

The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) is designed to provide collisions of high energy polarized protons for the quest of understanding the proton spin structure. Polarized proton collisions at a beam energy of 100 GeV have been achieved in RHIC since 2001. Recently, polarized proton beam was accelerated to 250 GeV in RHIC for the first time. Unlike accelerating unpolarized protons, the challenge for achieving high energy polarized protons is to fight the various mechanisms in an accelerator that can lead to partial or total polarization loss due to the interaction of the spin vector with the magnetic fields. We report on the progress of the RHIC polarized proton program. We also present the strategies of how to preserve the polarization through the entire acceleration chain, i.e. a 200 MeV linear accelerator, the Booster, the AGS and RHIC.

BAI, M.; AHRENS, L.; ALEKSEEV, I.G.; ALESSI, J.; BEEBE-WANG, J.; BLASKIEWICZ, M.; BRAVAR, A.; BRENNAN, J.M.; BRUNO, D.; BUNCE, G.; ET AL.

2006-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

458

Proposed research on advanced accelerator concepts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes technical progress and accomplishments during the proposed three-year research on advanced accelerator concepts supported by the Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-FG02-88ER40465. A vigorous theoretical program has been pursued in critical problem areas related to advanced accelerator concepts and the basic equilibrium, stability, and radiation properties of intense charged particle beams. Broadly speaking, our research has made significant contributions in the following three major areas: Investigations of physics issues related to particle acceleration including two-beam accelerators and cyclotron resonance laser (CRL) accelerators; Investigations of RF sources including the free- electron lasers, cyclotron resonance masers, and relativistic magnetrons; Studies of coherent structures in electron plasmas and beams ranging from a low-density, nonrelativistic, pure electron plasma column to high-density, relativistic, non-neutral electron flow in a high-voltage diode. The remainder of this report presents theoretical and computational advances in these areas.

Davidson, R.C.; Wurtele, J.S.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Overview of SNS accelerator shielding analyses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Spallation Neutron Source is an accelerator driven neutron scattering facility for materials research. During all phases of SNS development, including design, construction, commissioning and operation, extensive neutronics work was performed in order to provide adequate shielding, to assure safe facility operation from radiation protection point of view, and to optimize performance of the accelerator and target facility. Presently, most of the shielding work is concentrated on the beam lines and instrument enclosures to prepare for commissioning, safe operation and adequate radiation background in the future. Although the accelerator is built and in operation mode, there is extensive demand for shielding and activation analyses. It includes redesigning some parts of the facility, facility upgrades, designing additional structures, storage and transport containers for accelerator structures taken out of service, and performing radiation protection analyses and studies on residual dose rates inside the accelerator. (authors)

Popova, I.; Gallmeier, F. X.; Ferguson, P.; Iverson, E.; Lu, W. [ORNL/SNS, MS6475, PO Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6471 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Cushman & Wakefields Client Solutions Group presents:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

disposal in Re-TRAC, EPA Waste Wise's free online tool. 3. Make improvements over the Challenge period leveraging the strategies outlined in C&W's Green Practice Policies. 4....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wakefield accelerator awa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

PGI Accelerator Compilers - Aug 2009  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PGI PGI ® 2010 Compilers & Tools Dave Norton Dave.norton@pgroup.com www.pgroup.com NERSC/OLCF/NICS Cray XT5 Workshop Lawrence Berkeley National Lab February 2010 Craig Toepfer Craig.toepfer@pgroup.com www.pgroup.com HPC Hardware Trends Today: Clusters of Multicore x86 Tomorrow? Clusters of Multicore x86 + Accelerators Jun-93 Jun-94 Jun-95 Jun-96 Jun-97 Jun-98 Jun-99 Jun-00 Jun-01 Jun-02 Jun-03 Jun-04 Jun-05 Jun-06 Jun-07 Jun-08 Jun-09 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 50.0% 60.0% 70.0% 80.0% 90.0% 100.0% Custom RISC/UNIX Vector Itanium 64-bit x86 32-bit x86 Top 500 PGI Workstation / Server / CDK Linux, Windows, MacOS, 32-bit, 64-bit, Intel 64, AMD64 UNIX-heritage Command-level Compilers + Graphical Tools Compiler Language Command PGF95 (tm)

462

Accelerating cleanup: Paths to closure  

SciTech Connect

This document was previously referred to as the Draft 2006 Plan. As part of the DOE`s national strategy, the Richland Operations Office`s Paths to Closure summarizes an integrated path forward for environmental cleanup at the Hanford Site. The Hanford Site underwent a concerted effort between 1994 and 1996 to accelerate the cleanup of the Site. These efforts are reflected in the current Site Baseline. This document describes the current Site Baseline and suggests strategies for further improvements in scope, schedule and cost. The Environmental Management program decided to change the name of the draft strategy and the document describing it in response to a series of stakeholder concerns, including the practicality of achieving widespread cleanup by 2006. Also, EM was concerned that calling the document a plan could be misconstrued to be a proposal by DOE or a decision-making document. The change in name, however, does not diminish the 2006 vision. To that end, Paths to Closure retains a focus on 2006, which serves as a point in time around which objectives and goals are established.

Edwards, C.

1998-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

463

High-power accelerator technology and requirements  

SciTech Connect

Designs of high-power proton linear accelerators (linacs) for accelerator transmutation of waste (ATW) are being actively studied at Los Alamos National Laboratory and at several other laboratories worldwide. Beam parameters cover the 100- to 300-mA range in average current and 800 to 1600 MeV in energy. While ideas for such accelerators have been discussed for decades, the technology base has recently advanced to the point that the feasibility of machines in the ATW power class is now generally conceded. Factors contributing to this advance have been the following: experience gained with medium-power research accelerators, especially the LAMPF linac at Los Alamos; major improvements in the theory and technology of high-intensity high-brightness accelerators fostered by the SDIO Neutral Particle Beam program; and development of high-power continuous-wave (cw) radio-frequency (rf) generators for high-energy colliding-beam rings. The reference ATW accelerator concept described in this paper is based on room-temperature copper accelerating cavities. Advances in superconducting niobium cavity technology have opened the possibility of application to ATW-type linacs. Useful efficiency gains could be realized, especially for lower current systems, and there may be technical advantages as well. Technology issues that need to be addressed for superconducting rf linac designs include the development of high-power rf couplers, appropriate cavity designs, and superconducting focusing elements, as well as concerns about beam damage of niobium structures and dynamic rf control with high beam currents.

Lawrence, G.P. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

A Compact Wakefield Measurement Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

through the NLC structure. In a similar fashion, the witness beam is delivered through a dog-leg section and into the NLC structure. Initial alignment of the drive (witness) beam...

465

Accelerate Oklahoma (Oklahoma) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Accelerate Oklahoma (Oklahoma) Accelerate Oklahoma (Oklahoma) Accelerate Oklahoma (Oklahoma) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Retail Supplier Systems Integrator Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Oklahoma Program Type Equity Investment Provider i2E Three new funds that each offer equity and growth investment capital for state-based entrepreneurs, depending on the lifecycle stage of their business, were appropriated through the Oklahoma Commerce Department by the U.S. Treasury Department and are managed by i2E.

466

Polarized proton acceleration program at the AGS  

SciTech Connect

The unexpected importance of high energy spin effects and the success of the ZGS in correcting many intrinsic and imperfection depolarizing resonances led us to attempt to accelerate polarized protons in the AGS. A multi-university/laboratory collaborative effort involving Argonne, Brookhaven, Michigan, Rice and Yale is underway to improve and modify to accelerate polarized protons. From the experience at the ZGS and careful studies made us confident of the feasibility of achieving a polarization of over 60 percent up to 26 GeV/c with an intensity of 10/sup 11/ approx. 10/sup 12/ per pulse. The first polarized proton acceleration at the AGS is expected in 1983.

Lee, Y.Y.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Ultra Accelerated Testing of PV Module Components  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Using concentrated natural sunlight at the NREL High Flux Solar Furnace, we have exposed several materials to acceleration factors of up to 400 times the normal outdoor UV exposure dose. This accelerated rate allows the exposure of materials such that a year of outdoor exposure can be simulated in about 5 hours. We have studied the solarization of cerium containing glass, the degradation of ethylene vinyl acetate laminated between borosilicate glass, and the yellowing of standard polystyrene test coupons. The first two candidates are of interest to the photovoltaics (PV) program, and the last candidate material is a widely used dosimeter for ultra violet (UV) exposure in accelerated weathering chambers

Pitts, J. R.; King, D. E.; Bingham, C.; Czanderna, A. W.

1998-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

468

Cosmic acceleration and Brans-Dicke theory  

SciTech Connect

We study the accelerated expansion of the universe by exploring the Brans-Dicke parameter in different eras. For this, we take the FRW universe model with a viscous fluid (without potential) and the Bianchi type-I universe model with a barotropic fluid (with and without a potential). We evaluate the deceleration parameter and the Brans-Dicke parameter to explore cosmic acceleration. It is concluded that accelerated expansion of the universe can also be achieved for higher values of the Brans-Dicke parameter in some cases.

Sharif, M., E-mail: msharif.math@pu.edu.pk; Waheed, S. [University of the Punjab, Department of Mathematics (Pakistan)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

469

Kwok Ko SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Kwok Ko Kwok Ko SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory Work supported by US DOE Offices of HEP, ASCR and BES under contract AC02-76SF00515. Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for High Energy Physics Rockville, MD, November 27-28, 2012 Present and Future Computing Requirements for Advanced Modeling for Particle Accelerator 1. Advanced Modeling for Particle Accelerators (AMPA) NERSC Repositories: m349 Principal Investigator: K. Ko Senior Investigators: SLAC - L. Ge, Z. Li, C. Ng, L. Xiao, FNAL - A. Lunin, Jlab - H. Wang, BNL - S. Belomestnykh, ANL - A. Nassiri

470

Accelerating Clean-up at Savannah River | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Accelerating Clean-up at Savannah River Accelerating Clean-up at Savannah River Accelerating Clean-up at Savannah River More Documents & Publications Project NameDescription Slide...

471

Jefferson Lab Guided Tour - What is an accelerator?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

What is an accelerator? Welcome to Jefferson Lab Why was Jefferson Lab built? How do scientists study quarks? What is an accelerator? How does the accelerator work? Why use...

472

Jefferson Lab Guided Tour - How does the accelerator work?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

How does the accelerator work? Welcome to Jefferson Lab Why was Jefferson Lab built? How do scientists study quarks? What is an accelerator? How does the accelerator work? Why use...

473

Upgrade of the Drive LINAC for the AWA Facility Dielectric Two...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Therefore, to minimize the energy droop, our design is based on a large stored energy rf cavity. In this paper, we present our rf cavity optimization method, detailed rf...

474

--No Title--  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ScCaree08 AWA Home Page AWA News AWA Facilities AWA Activities WF Notes AWA Group Meetings Other Related Links Security and Privacy Notice AGN Notes (Internal) Science Careers In...

475

--No Title--  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Top of Form Search Argonne ... Search Argonne Home > High Energy Physics Division > AWA > ScCareers07 > AWA Home Page AWA News AWA Facilities AWA Activities WF Notes Other Related...

476

The Illinois Accelerator Research Center, or IARC, will  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Illinois Accelerator Research Center, or IARC, will provide a state-of-the-art facility for accelerator research, education and industrialization. Scientists and engineers from...

477

Physics of Accelerators and Related Technology for International...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Physics of Accelerators and Related Technology for International Students (PARTI). Physics of Accelerators and Related Technology for International Students (PARTI). December 14,...

478

DOE Science Accelerator, Office of Scientific and Technical Informatio...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Diffusion Links DOE Science Accelerator Booklet The DOE Science Accelerator Through innovation and research, OSTI is finding the fast lanes for knowledge diffusion to propel...

479

EA-1147: Low Energy Demonstration Accelerator Tech Area 53, Los...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

design, build, and test critical prototypical components of the accelerator system for tritium production, specifically the front-end low-energy section of the accelerator, at the...

480

Accelerator-Driven Transmutation Of Spent Fuel Elements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

accelerator power, whereas neutron-efficient high temperature gas reactors (HTGRs) or CANDU reactors will require the smallest accelerator power, especially if thorium is...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wakefield accelerator awa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Laser Plasma Particle Accelerators: Large Fields for Smaller Facility Sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of high- gradient, laser plasma particle accelerators.particle accelerators, plasmas can sustain acceleratingthat use laser-driven plasma waves. These plasma- based

Geddes, Cameron G.R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Energy Department Announces Investments to Accelerate U.S. Manufacturi...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Investments to Accelerate U.S. Manufacturing of Energy Efficient Lighting Technologies Energy Department Announces Investments to Accelerate U.S. Manufacturing of Energy Efficient...

483

Department of Energy Awards $338 Million to Accelerate Domestic...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here Home Department of Energy Awards 338 Million to Accelerate Domestic Geothermal Energy Department of Energy Awards 338 Million to Accelerate Domestic Geothermal...

484

Energy Department Announces New Investments to Accelerate Breakthrough...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Investments to Accelerate Breakthroughs in Cost-Competitive Solar Energy Energy Department Announces New Investments to Accelerate Breakthroughs in Cost-Competitive Solar Energy...

485

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - Crowd-sourcing the Future...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Crowd-sourcing the Future of Accelerators By Janet Rae-Dupree January 12, 2012 Accelerator technology has made huge leaps forward, prompting important developments well beyond high...

486

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - SLAC Public Lecture: Particle...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Division will present a free public lecture, "Particle Accelerator on a Chip." Accelerators are huge and expensive, miles-long tubes that produce high-energy particles to...

487

Experiment on a Tunable Dielectric-Loaded Accelerating Structure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Proceedings of IPAC'10, Kyoto, Japan THPD068 03 Linear Colliders, Lepton Accelerators and New Acceleration Techniques A14 Advanced Concepts 4437 is connected to the...

488

Borland Awarded ACFA-IPAC'13 Prize for Accelerator Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Argonne physicist Michael Borland has been awarded the Asian Committee for Future Accelerators ACFA-IPAC'13 Prize for recent, significant contribution to the field of accelerator...

489

2011 Annual Planning Summary for Stanford Linear Accelerator...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Stanford Linear Accelerator Center Site Office (SLAC) 2011 Annual Planning Summary for Stanford Linear Accelerator Center Site Office (SLAC) The ongoing and projected Environmental...

490

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory Our Vision. Our Mission...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

National Accelerator Laboratory Our Vision. Our Mission. Our Values. SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory 2575 Sand Hill Road Menlo Park, CA 94025-7015 slac.stanford.edu Great...

491

The DOE Science Accelerator | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

The DOE Science Accelerator Research Diffusion Links DOE Science Accelerator Booklet Through innovation and research, OSTI is finding the fast lanes for knowledge diffusion to...

492

Analysis of Lipid OxidationChapter 9 Accelerated Stability Tests  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analysis of Lipid Oxidation Chapter 9 Accelerated Stability Tests Methods and Analyses eChapters Methods - Analyses Books Downloadable pdf of Chapter 9 Accelerated Stability Tests from ...

493

Search widget page for the Science Accelerator, Office of Scientific...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(DOEOSTI) by downloading the Science Accelerator widget. Use the widget to search, receive the RSS feed, and to access and manage Alerts. Get the Science Accelerator...

494

NERSC and CRD Help Decipher Science from Compact Accelerator...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and CRD Help Decipher Science from Compact Accelerator Simulations NERSC and CRD Help Decipher Science from Compact Accelerator Simulations May 26, 2009 3D Particle Surfing :...

495

Accelerated Aging of Roofing Surfaces | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Accelerated Aging of Roofing Surfaces Accelerated Aging of Roofing Surfaces Emerging Technologies Project for the 2013 Building Technologies Office's Program Peer Review...

496

EA-1655: Berkeley Lab Laser Accelerator (BELLA) Laser Acquisition...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

655: Berkeley Lab Laser Accelerator (BELLA) Laser Acquisition, Installation and Use for Research and Development EA-1655: Berkeley Lab Laser Accelerator (BELLA) Laser Acquisition,...

497

Electron acceleration & laser pulse compression using a laser...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

acceleration & laser pulse compression using a laser-plasma accelerator Wednesday, August 14, 2013 - 3:00pm SLAC, Redtail Hawk Conference Room 108A Andreas Walker, Oxford...

498

Staging laser plasma accelerators for increased beam energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Staging Laser Plasma Accelerators for Increased Beam Energy94720, USA Abstract. Staging laser plasma accelerators is anefficient way of mitigating laser pump depletion in laser

Panasenko, Dmitriy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Laser Plasma Particle Accelerators: Large Fields for Smaller Facility Sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of high- gradient, laser plasma particle accelerators.accelerators that use laser-driven plasma waves. Theseleft) showing the laser (red), plasma wake density (purple-

Geddes, Cameron G.R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Recovery Act funding accelerates cleanup of Idaho Site, Creates...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Recovery Act funding accelerates cleanup of Idaho Site, Creates jobs in community IDAHO FALLS American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) funding has accelerated a project...