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1

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print Wednesday, 25 November 2009 00:00 Magnetic...

2

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print Magnetic thin-film nanostructures can exhibit a magnetic vortex state in which the magnetization vectors lie in the film plane and curl around in a closed loop. At the very center of the vortex, a small, stable core exists where the magnetization points either up or down out of the plane. Three years ago, the discovery of an easy core reversal mechanism at the ALS not only made the possibility of using such systems as magnetic memories much more realistic, it also initiated investigation of the core switching mechanism itself. Now, a Belgian-German-ALS collaboration has used high-resolution, time-resolved, magnetic x-ray microscopy to experimentally reveal the first step of the reversal process: the dynamic deformation of the vortex core. The group also measured a critical vortex velocity above which reversal occurs. Both these observations provide the first experimental support for the postulated reversal mechanism.

3

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print Magnetic thin-film nanostructures can exhibit a magnetic vortex state in which the magnetization vectors lie in the film plane and curl around in a closed loop. At the very center of the vortex, a small, stable core exists where the magnetization points either up or down out of the plane. Three years ago, the discovery of an easy core reversal mechanism at the ALS not only made the possibility of using such systems as magnetic memories much more realistic, it also initiated investigation of the core switching mechanism itself. Now, a Belgian-German-ALS collaboration has used high-resolution, time-resolved, magnetic x-ray microscopy to experimentally reveal the first step of the reversal process: the dynamic deformation of the vortex core. The group also measured a critical vortex velocity above which reversal occurs. Both these observations provide the first experimental support for the postulated reversal mechanism.

4

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print Wednesday, 25 November 2009 00:00 Magnetic thin-film nanostructures can exhibit a magnetic vortex state in which the magnetization vectors lie in the film plane and curl around in a closed loop. At the very center of the vortex, a small, stable core exists where the magnetization points either up or down out of the plane. Three years ago, the discovery of an easy core reversal mechanism at the ALS not only made the possibility of using such systems as magnetic memories much more realistic, it also initiated investigation of the core switching mechanism itself. Now, a Belgian-German-ALS collaboration has used high-resolution, time-resolved, magnetic x-ray microscopy to experimentally reveal the first step of the reversal process: the dynamic deformation of the vortex core. The group also measured a critical vortex velocity above which reversal occurs. Both these observations provide the first experimental support for the postulated reversal mechanism.

5

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print Magnetic thin-film nanostructures can exhibit a magnetic vortex state in which the magnetization vectors lie in the film plane and curl around in a closed loop. At the very center of the vortex, a small, stable core exists where the magnetization points either up or down out of the plane. Three years ago, the discovery of an easy core reversal mechanism at the ALS not only made the possibility of using such systems as magnetic memories much more realistic, it also initiated investigation of the core switching mechanism itself. Now, a Belgian-German-ALS collaboration has used high-resolution, time-resolved, magnetic x-ray microscopy to experimentally reveal the first step of the reversal process: the dynamic deformation of the vortex core. The group also measured a critical vortex velocity above which reversal occurs. Both these observations provide the first experimental support for the postulated reversal mechanism.

6

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print Magnetic thin-film nanostructures can exhibit a magnetic vortex state in which the magnetization vectors lie in the film plane and curl around in a closed loop. At the very center of the vortex, a small, stable core exists where the magnetization points either up or down out of the plane. Three years ago, the discovery of an easy core reversal mechanism at the ALS not only made the possibility of using such systems as magnetic memories much more realistic, it also initiated investigation of the core switching mechanism itself. Now, a Belgian-German-ALS collaboration has used high-resolution, time-resolved, magnetic x-ray microscopy to experimentally reveal the first step of the reversal process: the dynamic deformation of the vortex core. The group also measured a critical vortex velocity above which reversal occurs. Both these observations provide the first experimental support for the postulated reversal mechanism.

7

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print Magnetic thin-film nanostructures can exhibit a magnetic vortex state in which the magnetization vectors lie in the film plane and curl around in a closed loop. At the very center of the vortex, a small, stable core exists where the magnetization points either up or down out of the plane. Three years ago, the discovery of an easy core reversal mechanism at the ALS not only made the possibility of using such systems as magnetic memories much more realistic, it also initiated investigation of the core switching mechanism itself. Now, a Belgian-German-ALS collaboration has used high-resolution, time-resolved, magnetic x-ray microscopy to experimentally reveal the first step of the reversal process: the dynamic deformation of the vortex core. The group also measured a critical vortex velocity above which reversal occurs. Both these observations provide the first experimental support for the postulated reversal mechanism.

8

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print Magnetic thin-film nanostructures can exhibit a magnetic vortex state in which the magnetization vectors lie in the film plane and curl around in a closed loop. At the very center of the vortex, a small, stable core exists where the magnetization points either up or down out of the plane. Three years ago, the discovery of an easy core reversal mechanism at the ALS not only made the possibility of using such systems as magnetic memories much more realistic, it also initiated investigation of the core switching mechanism itself. Now, a Belgian-German-ALS collaboration has used high-resolution, time-resolved, magnetic x-ray microscopy to experimentally reveal the first step of the reversal process: the dynamic deformation of the vortex core. The group also measured a critical vortex velocity above which reversal occurs. Both these observations provide the first experimental support for the postulated reversal mechanism.

9

Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations Print In micrometer-sized magnetic thin films, the magnetization typically adopts an in-plane, circular configuration known...

10

Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations Print Wednesday, 28 March 2007 00:00 In micrometer-sized magnetic thin films, the magnetization typically adopts an in-plane, circular configuration known as a magnetic vortex. At the vortex core, the magnetization turns sharply out of the plane, pointing either up or down. Magnetic data storage based on this binary phenomenon is an intriguing concept, but it would require the ability to flip the vortex cores on demand. Because these structures are highly stable, very strong magnetic fields of around half a tesla (approximately one-third the field of the strongest permanent magnet) were previously thought to be necessary to accomplish this. At the ALS, a team of researchers from Germany, Belgium, and the U.S. has used time-resolved scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) to observe vortex motion and demonstrate the feasibility of using weak magnetic fields as low as 1.5 millitesla (mT) to reverse the direction of a vortex core. The observed switching mechanism, which can be understood within the framework of micromagnetic theory, gives insights into basic magnetization dynamics and their possible application to data storage technologies.

11

Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations Print Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations Print In micrometer-sized magnetic thin films, the magnetization typically adopts an in-plane, circular configuration known as a magnetic vortex. At the vortex core, the magnetization turns sharply out of the plane, pointing either up or down. Magnetic data storage based on this binary phenomenon is an intriguing concept, but it would require the ability to flip the vortex cores on demand. Because these structures are highly stable, very strong magnetic fields of around half a tesla (approximately one-third the field of the strongest permanent magnet) were previously thought to be necessary to accomplish this. At the ALS, a team of researchers from Germany, Belgium, and the U.S. has used time-resolved scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) to observe vortex motion and demonstrate the feasibility of using weak magnetic fields as low as 1.5 millitesla (mT) to reverse the direction of a vortex core. The observed switching mechanism, which can be understood within the framework of micromagnetic theory, gives insights into basic magnetization dynamics and their possible application to data storage technologies.

12

Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations Print Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations Print In micrometer-sized magnetic thin films, the magnetization typically adopts an in-plane, circular configuration known as a magnetic vortex. At the vortex core, the magnetization turns sharply out of the plane, pointing either up or down. Magnetic data storage based on this binary phenomenon is an intriguing concept, but it would require the ability to flip the vortex cores on demand. Because these structures are highly stable, very strong magnetic fields of around half a tesla (approximately one-third the field of the strongest permanent magnet) were previously thought to be necessary to accomplish this. At the ALS, a team of researchers from Germany, Belgium, and the U.S. has used time-resolved scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) to observe vortex motion and demonstrate the feasibility of using weak magnetic fields as low as 1.5 millitesla (mT) to reverse the direction of a vortex core. The observed switching mechanism, which can be understood within the framework of micromagnetic theory, gives insights into basic magnetization dynamics and their possible application to data storage technologies.

13

Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations Print Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations Print In micrometer-sized magnetic thin films, the magnetization typically adopts an in-plane, circular configuration known as a magnetic vortex. At the vortex core, the magnetization turns sharply out of the plane, pointing either up or down. Magnetic data storage based on this binary phenomenon is an intriguing concept, but it would require the ability to flip the vortex cores on demand. Because these structures are highly stable, very strong magnetic fields of around half a tesla (approximately one-third the field of the strongest permanent magnet) were previously thought to be necessary to accomplish this. At the ALS, a team of researchers from Germany, Belgium, and the U.S. has used time-resolved scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) to observe vortex motion and demonstrate the feasibility of using weak magnetic fields as low as 1.5 millitesla (mT) to reverse the direction of a vortex core. The observed switching mechanism, which can be understood within the framework of micromagnetic theory, gives insights into basic magnetization dynamics and their possible application to data storage technologies.

14

Low-amplitude magnetic vortex core reversal by non-linear interaction between azimuthal spin waves and the vortex gyromode  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We show, by experiments and micromagnetic simulations in vortex structures, that an active “dual frequency” excitation of both the sub-GHz vortex gyromode and multi-GHz spin waves considerably changes the frequency response of spin wave mediated vortex core reversal. Besides additional minima in the switching threshold, a significant broadband reduction of the switching amplitudes is observed, which can be explained by non-linear interaction between the vortex gyromode and the spin waves. We conclude that the well known frequency spectra of azimuthal spin waves in vortex structures are altered substantially, when the vortex gyromode is actively excited simultaneously.

Sproll, Markus; Noske, Matthias; Kammerer, Matthias; Dieterle, Georg; Weigand, Markus; Stoll, Hermann; Schütz, Gisela [Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems (formerly MPI for Metals Research), Heisenbergstr. 3, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany)] [Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems (formerly MPI for Metals Research), Heisenbergstr. 3, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Bauer, Hans; Gangwar, Ajay; Woltersdorf, Georg; Back, Christian H. [Department of Physics, University of Regensburg, Universitätsstr. 31, 93040 Regensburg (Germany)] [Department of Physics, University of Regensburg, Universitätsstr. 31, 93040 Regensburg (Germany)

2014-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

15

Role of the core energy in the vortex Nernst effect  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present an analytical study of diamagnetism and transport in a film with superconducting phase fluctuations, formulated in terms of vortex dynamics within the Debye-Hückel approximation. We find that the diamagnetic and Nernst signals decay strongly with temperature in a manner that is dictated by the vortex core energy. Using the theory to interpret Nernst measurements of underdoped La2?xSrxCuO4 above the critical temperature regime, we obtain a considerably better fit to the data than a fit based on Gaussian order-parameter fluctuations. Our results indicate that the core energy in this system scales roughly with the critical temperature and is significantly smaller than expected from BCS theory. Furthermore, it is necessary to assume that the vortex mobility is much larger than the Bardeen-Stephen value in order to reconcile conductivity measurements with the same vortex picture. Therefore, either the Nernst signal is not due to fluctuating vortices, or vortices in underdoped La2?xSrxCuO4 have highly unconventional properties.

Gideon Wachtel and Dror Orgad

2014-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

16

Resonant amplification of vortex-core oscillations by coherent magnetic-field pulses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

structure of magnetic vortex cores. Science 298, 577–580 (D. A. et al. Magnetic domain-wall logic. Science 309, 1688 (L. Magnetic domain-wall racetrack memory. Science 320, 190–

Yu, Young-Sang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Mineral Deformation at Earth's Core-Mantle Boundary  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mineral Deformation at Earth's Core-Mantle Boundary Print Mineral Deformation at Earth's Core-Mantle Boundary Print Earth is a dynamic planet in which convection takes place on the scale of thousands of kilometers. Because Earth is mostly solid (except for its liquid-iron outer core), this convection causes deformation of solid rocks by plastic flow. At the core-mantle boundary (CMB), 2900 km deep, seismologists have discovered that seismic waves travel faster in certain directions. This seismic anisotropy appears to be related to the deformation of the constituent minerals. To understand the deformation mechanisms of mineral phases at this depth, researchers from Yale and UC Berkeley re-created the ultrahigh pressures of the deep Earth at ALS Beamline 12.2.2 while conducting in situ x-ray diffraction experiments to probe changes in crystal orientations.

18

Mineral Deformation at Earth's Core-Mantle Boundary  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mineral Deformation at Earth's Core-Mantle Boundary Print Mineral Deformation at Earth's Core-Mantle Boundary Print Earth is a dynamic planet in which convection takes place on the scale of thousands of kilometers. Because Earth is mostly solid (except for its liquid-iron outer core), this convection causes deformation of solid rocks by plastic flow. At the core-mantle boundary (CMB), 2900 km deep, seismologists have discovered that seismic waves travel faster in certain directions. This seismic anisotropy appears to be related to the deformation of the constituent minerals. To understand the deformation mechanisms of mineral phases at this depth, researchers from Yale and UC Berkeley re-created the ultrahigh pressures of the deep Earth at ALS Beamline 12.2.2 while conducting in situ x-ray diffraction experiments to probe changes in crystal orientations.

19

Mineral Deformation at Earth's Core-Mantle Boundary  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mineral Deformation at Earth's Core-Mantle Boundary Print Mineral Deformation at Earth's Core-Mantle Boundary Print Earth is a dynamic planet in which convection takes place on the scale of thousands of kilometers. Because Earth is mostly solid (except for its liquid-iron outer core), this convection causes deformation of solid rocks by plastic flow. At the core-mantle boundary (CMB), 2900 km deep, seismologists have discovered that seismic waves travel faster in certain directions. This seismic anisotropy appears to be related to the deformation of the constituent minerals. To understand the deformation mechanisms of mineral phases at this depth, researchers from Yale and UC Berkeley re-created the ultrahigh pressures of the deep Earth at ALS Beamline 12.2.2 while conducting in situ x-ray diffraction experiments to probe changes in crystal orientations.

20

Mineral Deformation at Earth's Core-Mantle Boundary  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mineral Deformation at Earth's Core-Mantle Boundary Print Earth is a dynamic planet in which convection takes place on the scale of thousands of kilometers. Because Earth is mostly...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vortex core deformation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Mineral Deformation at Earth's Core-Mantle Boundary  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Deformation at Earth's Core-Mantle Boundary Print Wednesday, 31 August 2011 00:00 Earth is a dynamic planet in which convection takes place on the scale of thousands of...

22

Polarization-selective vortex-core switching by tailored orthogonal Gaussian-pulse currents  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We experimentally demonstrate low-power-consumption vortex-core switching in magnetic nanodisks using tailored rotating magnetic fields produced with orthogonal and unipolar Gaussian-pulse currents. The optimal width of the orthogonal pulses and their time delay are found, from analytical and micromagnetic numerical calculations, to be determined only by the angular eigenfrequency {omega}{sub D} for a given vortex-state disk of polarization p, such that {sigma}=1/{omega}{sub D} and ?{Delta}t={pi}/2 p/{omega}{sub D} . The estimated optimal pulse parameters are in good agreement with the experimental results. This work lays a foundation for energy-efficient information recording in vortex-core cross-point architecture.

Jung, H.; Choi, Y. -S.; Yoo, M. -W.; Im, M. -Y.; Kim, S. -K.

2010-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

23

Numerical Simulation of the Meso-? Scale Structure and Evolution of the 1977 Johnstown Flood. Part II: Inertially Stable Warm-Core Vortex and the Mesoscale Convective Complex  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A mesoscale warm-core vortex associated with the mesoscale convective complex (MCC) that produced the 1977 Johnstown flood is examined using a three-dimensional nested-grid model simulation of the flood episode. In the simulation, the vortex ...

Da-Lin Zhang; J. Michael Fritsch

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Memory-bit selection and recording by rotating fields in vortex-core cross-point architecture  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In one of our earlier studies [Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 022509 (2008)], we proposed a concept of robust information storage, recording and readout, which can be implementaed in nonvolatile magnetic random-access memories and is based on the energetically degenerated twofold ground states of vortex-core magnetizations. In the present study, we experimentally demonstrate reliable memory-bit selection and information recording in vortex-core cross-point architecture, specifically using a two-by-two vortex-state disk array. In order to efficiently switch a vortex core positioned at the intersection of crossed electrodes, two orthogonal addressing electrodes are selected, and then two Gaussian pulse currents of optimal pulse width and time delay are applied. Such tailored pulse-type rotating magnetic fields which occurs only at the selected intersection is prerequisite for a reliable memory-bit selection and low-power-consumption recording of information in the existing cross-point architecture.

Yu, Y. -S.; Jung, H.; Lee, K. -S.; Fischer, P.; Kim, S. -K.

2010-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

25

Optical excitation of quasiparticle pairs in the vortex core of high- T sub c superconductors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A far-infrared resonance has been observed in superconducting YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7} thin films in the presence of high magnetic fields. It corresponds to the quasiparticle pair creation process inside the vortex core. The resonance frequency is {omega}{sub 0}=1.3{ital kT}{sub {ital c}}/{h bar} with a linewidth 1/{tau}{congruent}0.6{omega}. This value for {omega}{sub 0} implies, within BCS theory, a large energy gap in YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7}.

Karraie, K.; Choi, E.J.; Dunmore, F.; Liu, S.H.; Drew, H.D. (Center for Superconductivity Research, Department of Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States) Laboratory for Physical Sciences, College Park, Maryland 20740 (United States)); Li, Q.; Fenner, D.B. (Advanced Fuel Research, E. Hartford, Connecticut 06138 (United States)); Zhu, Y.D.; Zhang, F. (Department of Physics, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221 (United States))

1992-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

26

Tunable negligible-loss energy transfer between dipolar-coupled magnetic disks by stimulated vortex gyration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

structure of magnetic vortex cores. Science 298, 577– Park,Magnetic vortex core observation in circular dots of Permalloy. Science

Jung, Hyunsung

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Symmetry breaking in the formation of magnetic vortex states in a permalloy nanodisk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

structure of magnetic vortex cores. Science 298, 6. Fischer,Magnetic Material Center, National Institute for Materials Science (Magnetic vortex core observation in circular dots of Permalloy. Science

Im, Mi-Young

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Z2 index for gapless fermionic modes in the vortex core of three-dimensional paired Dirac fermions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider the gapless modes along the vortex line of the fully gapped, momentum independent paired states of three-dimensional Dirac fermions. For this, we require the solution of fermion zero modes of the corresponding two-dimensional problem in the presence of a point vortex, in the plane perpendicular to the vortex line. Based on the spectral symmetry requirement for the existence of the zero mode, we identify the appropriate generalized Jackiw-Rossi Hamiltonians for different paired states. A four-dimensional generalized Jackiw-Rossi Hamiltonian possesses spectral symmetry with respect to an antiunitary operator, and gives rise to a single zero mode only for the odd vorticity, which is formally described by a Z2 index. In the presence of generic perturbations such as chemical potential, Dirac mass, and Zeeman couplings, the associated two-dimensional problem for the odd parity topological superconducting state maps onto two copies of generalized Jackiw-Rossi Hamiltonian, and consequently an odd vortex binds two Majorana fermions. In contrast, there are no zero-energy states for the topologically trivial s-wave superconductor in the presence of any chiral symmetry breaking perturbation in the particle-hole channel, such as regular Dirac mass. We show that the number of one-dimensional dispersive modes along the vortex line is also determined by the index of the associated two-dimensional problem. For an axial superfluid state in the presence of various perturbations, we discuss the consequences of the Z2 index on the anomaly equations.

Bitan Roy and Pallab Goswami

2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

29

Vortex Structure in Charged Condensate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study magnetic fields in the charged condensate that we have previously argued should be present in helium-core white dwarf stars. We show that below a certain critical value the magnetic field is entirely expelled from the condensate, while for larger values it penetrates the condensate within flux-tubes that are similar to Abrikosov vortex lines; yet higher fields lead to the disruption of the condensate. We find the solution for the vortex lines in both relativistic and nonrelativistic theories that exhibit the charged condensation. We calculate the energy density of the vortex solution and the values of the critical magnetic fields. The minimum magnetic field required for vortices to penetrate the helium white dwarf cores ranges from roughly 10^7 to 10^9 Gauss. Fields of this strength have been observed in white dwarfs. We also calculate the London magnetic field due to the rotation of a dwarf star and show that its value is rather small.

Gabadadze, Gregory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Vortex Structure in Charged Condensate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study magnetic fields in the charged condensate that we have previously argued should be present in helium-core white dwarf stars. We show that below a certain critical value the magnetic field is entirely expelled from the condensate, while for larger values it penetrates the condensate within flux-tubes that are similar to Abrikosov vortex lines; yet higher fields lead to the disruption of the condensate. We find the solution for the vortex lines in both relativistic and nonrelativistic theories that exhibit the charged condensation. We calculate the energy density of the vortex solution and the values of the critical magnetic fields. The minimum magnetic field required for vortices to penetrate the helium white dwarf cores ranges from roughly 10^7 to 10^9 Gauss. Fields of this strength have been observed in white dwarfs. We also calculate the London magnetic field due to the rotation of a dwarf star and show that its value is rather small.

Gregory Gabadadze; Rachel A. Rosen

2009-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

31

Development of vortex state in circular magnetic nanodots: Theory and experiment RID A-9247-2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

magnetic vortex. The vortex-core diameter is controlled by competing magnetic energy contributions. For 20-nm-thick Fe dots, the values of the critical diameter (58-60 nm) and the vortex core (16-19 nm) are in very good agreement between the different...

Mejia-Lopez, J.; Altbir, D.; Landeros, P.; Escrig, J.; Romero, A. H.; Roshchin, Igor V.; Li, C-P; Fitzsimmons, M. R.; Batlle, X.; Schuller, Ivan K.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Vortex configurations of bosons in an optical lattice  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The single-vortex problem in a strongly correlated bosonic system is investigated self-consistently within the mean-field theory of the Bose-Hubbard model. Near the superfluid-Mott-insulator transition, the vortex core has a tendency toward the Mott-insulating phase, with the core particle density approaching the nearest commensurate value. If the nearest-neighbor repulsion exists, the charge-density wave order may develop locally in the core. The evolution of the vortex configuration from the strong- to weak-coupling regions is studied. This phenomenon can be observed in systems of rotating ultracold atoms in optical lattices and Josephson-junction arrays.

Wu Congjun; Zhang Shoucheng [Department of Physics, McCullough Building, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305-4045 (United States); Chen Handong [Department of Applied Physics, McCullough Building, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305-4045 (United States); Hu Jiangpiang [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095-1547 (United States)

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Temperature dependence of vortex charges in high-temperature superconductors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using a model Hamiltonian with d-wave superconductivity and competing antiferromagnetic (AF) interactions, the temperature (T) dependence of the vortex charge in high-Tc superconductors is investigated by numerically solving the Bogoliubov–de Gennes equations. The strength of the induced AF order inside the vortex core is T dependent. The vortex charge could be negative when the AF order with sufficient strength is present at low temperatures. At higher temperatures, the AF order may be completely suppressed and the vortex charge becomes positive. A first-order-like transition in the T-dependent vortex charge is seen near the critical temperature TAF. For an underdoped sample, the spatial profiles of the induced spin-density wave and the charge-density wave orders could have stripelike structures at TTs. As a result, a vortex charge discontinuity occurs at Ts.

Yan Chen; Z. D. Wang; C. S. Ting

2003-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

34

Dynamic decay of a single vortex into vortex-antivortex pairs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A variety of metastable states, including vortices, antivortices, and their combinations, is typical for magnetically soft, thin films and patterned structures. The physics of individual spin vortices in patterned structures has been rather extensively explored. In contrast, there are few studies of the vortex–antivortex–vortex (v-av-v) system, in part because the configuration is rather challenging to obtain experimentally. We demonstrate herein how a recently proposed resonant-spin-ordering technique can be used to induce the dynamic decay of a single vortex into v-av states in elongated elements. The approach is based on first driving the system from the linear regime of constant vortex gyrations to the non-linear regime of vortex-core reversals at a fixed excitation frequency, and then subsequently reducing the excitation field back to the linear regime. This procedure stabilizes the system into a v-av-v state that is completely decoupled from the initialization excitation frequency. The newly acquired state is stable in remanence. The dynamic response of this system is expected to demonstrate a number of collective modes, depending on the combination of the vortex core polarities, and/or the excitation field direction, and, hence, is of interest for future studies.

Lendínez, Sergi [Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Universidad Barcelona, Departamento Fisica Fonamental, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain); Jain, Shikha; Novosad, Valentyn, E-mail: novosad@anl.gov; Fradin, Frank Y.; Pearson, John E. [Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Tejada, Javier [Universidad Barcelona, Departamento Fisica Fonamental, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain); Bader, Samuel D. [Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Center for Nanoscale Materials, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

35

Improved vortex reactor system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved vortex reactor system for affecting fast pyrolysis of biomass and Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) feed materials comprising: a vortex reactor having its axis vertically disposed in relation to a jet of a horizontally disposed steam ejector that impels feed materials from a feeder and solids from a recycle loop along with a motive gas into a top part of said reactor.

Diebold, James P. (Lakewood, CO); Scahill, John W. (Evergreen, CO)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Field dependence of the vortex structure in d-wave and s-wave superconductors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the vortex structure and its field dependence within the framework of the quasiclassical Eilenberger theory to find the difference between the dx2-y2- and s-wave pairings. We clarify the effect of the dx2-y2-wave nature and the vortex lattice effect on the vortex structure of the pair potential, the internal field and the local density of states. The dx2-y2-wave pairing introduces a fourfold-symmetric structure around each vortex core. With increasing field, their contribution becomes significant to the whole structure of the vortex lattice state, depending on the vortex lattice’s configuration. It is reflected in the form factor of the internal field, which may be detected by small-angle neutron scattering, or the resonance line shape of muon spin resonance and NMR experiments. We also study the induced s- and dxy-wave components around the vortex in dx2-y2-wave superconductors.

Masanori Ichioka; Akiko Hasegawa; Kazushige Machida

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Improved vortex reactor system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved vortex reactor system is described for affecting fast pyrolysis of biomass and Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) feed materials comprising: a vortex reactor having its axis vertically disposed in relation to a jet of a horizontally disposed steam ejector that impels feed materials from a feeder and solids from a recycle loop along with a motive gas into a top part of said reactor. 12 figs.

Diebold, J.P.; Scahill, J.W.

1995-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

38

Vortex Characterization for Engineering Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Realistic engineering simulation data often have features that are not optimally resolved due to practical limitations on mesh resolution. To be useful to application engineers, vortex characterization techniques must be sufficiently robust to handle realistic data with complex vortex topologies. In this paper, we present enhancements to the vortex topology identification component of an existing vortex characterization algorithm. The modified techniques are demonstrated by application to three realistic data sets that illustrate the strengths and weaknesses of our approach.

Jankun-Kelly, M; Thompson, D S; Jiang, M; Shannahan, B; Machiraju, R

2008-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

39

UBIQUITOUS SOLAR ERUPTIONS DRIVEN BY MAGNETIZED VORTEX TUBES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The solar surface is covered by high-speed jets transporting mass and energy into the solar corona and feeding the solar wind. The most prominent of these jets have been known as spicules. However, the mechanism initiating these eruption events is still unknown. Using realistic numerical simulations we find that small-scale eruptions are produced by ubiquitous magnetized vortex tubes generated by the Sun's turbulent convection in subsurface layers. The swirling vortex tubes (resembling tornadoes) penetrate into the solar atmosphere, capture and stretch background magnetic field, and push the surrounding material up, generating shocks. Our simulations reveal complicated high-speed flow patterns and thermodynamic and magnetic structure in the erupting vortex tubes. The main new results are: (1) the eruptions are initiated in the subsurface layers and are driven by high-pressure gradients in the subphotosphere and photosphere and by the Lorentz force in the higher atmosphere layers; (2) the fluctuations in the vortex tubes penetrating into the chromosphere are quasi-periodic with a characteristic period of 2-5 minutes; and (3) the eruptions are highly non-uniform: the flows are predominantly downward in the vortex tube cores and upward in their surroundings; the plasma density and temperature vary significantly across the eruptions.

Kitiashvili, I. N.; Kosovichev, A. G. [Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); Lele, S. K.; Mansour, N. N.; Wray, A. A., E-mail: irinasun@stanford.edu [Center for Turbulence Research, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States)

2013-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

40

Vortex Ring Interaction with a Particle Layer: Implications for Sediment Transport  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resuspension has been studied much less. This is an important mechanism, however, as it represents an integral conducted to study particle resuspension by vortex rings colliding with a particle bed. The dynamics at the resuspension onset are investigated, showing that the deformable particle bed resembles a free slip boundary

Dalziel, Stuart

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vortex core deformation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Vortex lines and transitions in superfluid hydrodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Preface to Vortices, dislocations, and line singularities in partial differential equations...Leslie and J. R. Ockendon. Vortex lines and transitions in superfluid hydrodynamics...nature and the motion of qunatized vortex lines. This paper illustrates the transitions...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Gravity waves from vortex dipoles and jets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The dissertation first investigates gravity wave generation and propagation from jets within idealized vortex dipoles using a nonhydrostatic mesoscale model. Several initially balanced and localized jets induced by vortex dipoles are examined here...

Wang, Shuguang

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

43

Flame–vortex interaction in a reacting vortex ring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Direct numerical simulations are used to study the flame–vortex interaction in a laminar reacting vortex ring. The chemical reaction occurs by a one-step Arrhenius-type reaction that mimics the combustion of typical hydrocarbon and air. The ring is generated by an axisymmetric jet that is impulsed to emit a cold fuel through a nozzle. The fuel enters a quiescent ambient at a much higher temperature. By adjusting the ratio of the ambient and fuel temperatures the ignition either occurs during the formation or post-formation phase of the ring. When ignition occurs during the formation phase of the ring the bulk of combustion is by a flame at the front of the vortex bubble. When ignition is delayed until after the formation phase most of the reaction occurs inside the vortex ring. It is found that premixing the fuel and the oxidizer enhances the amount of product formation. The heat released from the reaction significantly affects production redistribution and diffusion of the vorticity throughout the field. The results of the simulations also reveal that the heat of reaction affects the strain rate fields differently depending on when the ignition of the ring occurs.

J. S. Hewett; C. K. Madnia

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

PLASTIC DEFORMATIONPLASTIC DEFORMATION Modes of Deformation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PLASTIC DEFORMATIONPLASTIC DEFORMATION Modes of Deformation The Uniaxial Tension Test Mechanisms underlying Plastic Deformation Strengthening mechanisms Mechanical Metallurgy George E Dieter McClick here to know about all the mechanisms by which materials fail #12;Slip (Dislocation motion) Plastic

Subramaniam, Anandh

45

Vortex molecules in Bose-Einstein condensates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stable vortex dimers are known to exist in coherently coupled two component Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs). We construct stable vortex trimers in three component BECs and find that the shape can be controlled by changing the internal coherent (Rabi) couplings. Stable vortex N-omers are also constructed in coherently coupled N-component BECs. We classify all possible N-omers in terms of the mathematical graph theory. Next, we study effects of the Rabi coupling in vortex lattices in two-component BECs. We find how the vortex lattices without the Rabi coupling known before are connected to the Abrikosov lattice of integer vortices with increasing the Rabi coupling. In this process, vortex dimers change their partners in various ways at large couplings. We then find that the Abrikosov lattices are robust in three-component BECs.

Muneto Nitta; Minoru Eto; Mattia Cipriani

2013-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

46

Reconnection of vortex filaments and Kolmogorov spectrum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The energy spectrum of the 3D velocity field, induced by collapsing vortex filaments is studied. One of the aims of this work is to clarify the appearance of the Kolmogorov type energy spectrum $E(k)\\varpropto k^{-5/3}$, observed in many numerical works on discrete vortex tubes (quantized vortex filaments in quantum fluids). Usually, explaining classical turbulent properties of quantum turbulence, the model of vortex bundles, is used. This model is necessary to mimic the vortex stretching, which is responsible for the energy transfer in classical turbulence. In our consideration we do not appeal to the possible "bundle arrangement" but explore alternative idea that the turbulent spectra appear from singular solution, which describe the collapsing line at moments of reconnection. One more aim is related to an important and intensively discussed topic - a role of hydrodynamic collapse in the formation of turbulent spectra. We demonstrated that the specific vortex filament configuration generated the spectrum $E...

Nemirovskii, Sergey K

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Quantum Kinematics of Bosonic Vortex Loops  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Poisson structure for vortex filaments (loops and arcs) in 2D ideal incompressible fluid is analyzed in detail. Canonical coordinates and momenta on coadjoint orbits of the area-preserving diffeomorphism group, associated with such vortices, are found. The quantum space of states in the simplest case of ''bosonic'' vortex loops is built within a geometric quantization approach to the description of a quantum fluid. Fock-like structure and non-local creation and annihilation operators of quantum vortex filaments are introduced.

Goldin, G.A.; Owczarek, R.; Sharp, D.H.

1999-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

48

Vortex Hydro Energy Develops Transformational Technology to Harness...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Vortex Hydro Energy Develops Transformational Technology to Harness Energy from Water Currents Vortex Hydro Energy Develops Transformational Technology to Harness Energy from Water...

49

Core sizes and dynamical instabilities of giant vortices in dilute Bose-Einstein condensates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Motivated by a recent demonstration of cyclic addition of quantized vorticity into a Bose-Einstein condensate, the vortex pump, we study dynamical instabilities and core sizes of giant vortices. The core size is found to increase roughly as a square-root function of the quantum number of the vortex, whereas the strength of the dynamical instability either saturates to a fairly low value or increases extremely slowly for large quantum numbers. Our studies suggest that giant vortices of very high angular momenta may be achieved by gradually increasing the operation frequency of the vortex pump.

Kuopanportti, Pekko; Lundh, Emil; Huhtamaeki, Jukka A. M.; Pietilae, Ville; Moettoenen, Mikko [Department of Applied Physics/COMP, Aalto University School of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 15100, FI-00076 AALTO (Finland); Department of Physics, Umeaa University, SE-90187 Umeaa (Sweden); Department of Applied Physics/COMP, Aalto University School of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 15100, FI-00076 AALTO, Finland and Department of Physics, Okayama University, Okayama 700-8530 (Japan); Department of Applied Physics/COMP, Aalto University School of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 15100, FI-00076 AALTO, Finland and Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Quantum Computer Technology, School of Electrical Engineering and Telecommunications, University of New South Wales, Sydney NSW 2052 (Australia); Department of Applied Physics/COMP, Aalto University School of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 15100, FI-00076 AALTO, Finland, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Quantum Computer Technology, School of Electrical Engineering and Telecommunications, University of New South Wales, Sydney NSW 2052 (Australia) and Low Temperature Laboratory, Aalto University School of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 13500, FI-00076 AALTO (Finland)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

50

Characterization of The Dalles Dam Spillbay 6 Vortex Using Surface Entrained Sensor Fish Device: Preliminary Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document summarizes the pilot study to characterize The Dalles Dam Spillbay 6 vortex using a surface entrained Sensor Fish device. It was conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) on April 13 and 14, 2006. The total spill was controlled at approximately 110 kcfs, the forebay elevation was 157.89 ft, and the discharge of Bay 6 at the tested gate opening of 14 ft was approximately 18 kcfs. The objectives of the full study are to (1) develop baseline conditions for the detailed analysis of Sensor Fish measurements by deploying Sensor Fish in different surface locations in the vortex periphery; (2) observe the entrainment pattern and extract hydraulic data of interest such as acceleration, rotation, pressure, and estimated velocity of Sensor Fish or drogues; (3) integrate the experimental results with companion computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations and inertial particle tracking studies. A total of 12 Sensor Fish were released in the surface at upstream edge, left edge, downstream edge, and the core of the vortex at Bay 6. Because of the high discharge, the vortex patterns at the test condition were less consistent than the patterns observed at lower discharges. Compared with the Sensor Fish released at mid-bay at Bay 6, Sensor Fish released from the surface at the vortex experienced higher pressure fluctuations, a larger percentage of severe events, and much more rapid angular velocities.

Deng, Zhiqun; Richmond, Marshall C.; Carlson, Thomas J.

2006-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

51

Microscopic and self-consistent description for neutron halo in deformed nuclei  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A deformed relativistic Hartree-Bogoliubov theory in continuum has been developed for the study of neutron halos in deformed nuclei and the halo phenomenon in deformed weakly bound nuclei is investigated. Magnesium and neon isotopes are studied and some results are presented for the deformed neutron-rich and weakly bound nuclei {sup 44}Mg and {sup 36}Ne. The core of the former nucleus is prolate, but the halo has a slightly oblate shape. This indicates a decoupling of the halo orbitals from the deformation of the core. The generic conditions for the existence of halos in deformed nuclei and for the occurrence of this decoupling effect are discussed.

Li Lulu [Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Beijing 100094 (China); Meng Jie [State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China) and Department of Physics, University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch (South Africa); Zhao Enguang; Zhou Shangui [State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China) and Center of Theoretical Nuclear Physics, National Laboratory of Heavy Ion Accelerator, Lanzhou 730000 (China)

2013-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

52

The idea of vortex energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work formulates and gives grounds for general principles and theorems that question the energy function doctrine and its quantum version as a genuine law of nature without borders of adequacy. The emphasis is on the domain where the energy of systems is conserved -- I argue that only in its tiny part the energy is in the kinetic, potential and thermal forms describable by a generalized thermodynamic potential, whereas otherwise the conserved energy constitutes a whole linked to vortex forces, and can be a factor of things like persistent currents and dark matter.

V. E. Shapiro

2011-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

53

Stability of vortex solitons in a photorefractive optical lattice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

://www.njp.org/ DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/6/1/047 Abstract. Stability of on- and off-site vortex solitons with unit stable than off-site ones. Increasing the DC field stabilizes both types of vortex solitons. Contents 1. Introduction 2 2. Off-site vortex solitons 4 3. On-site vortex solitons 9 4. Summary 11 Acknowledgments 11

Yang, Jianke

54

Core Specialization  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Core Specialization Core Specialization Core Specialization Core Specialization (CS) is a feature of the Cray operating system that allows the user to reserve one or more cores per node for handling system services, and thus reduce the effects of timing jitter due to interruptions from the operating system at the expense of (possibly) requiring more nodes to run an application. The specialized cores may also be used in conjunction with Cray's MPI asynchronous progress engine [1] to improve the overlap of communication and computation for applications that use non-blocking MPI functions. In the absence of CS, the compute cores must service their own non-blocking calls. Hyper-Threading complicates questions abouty the most effective use of processor resources. HT doubles the number of compute stream (i.e.

55

Core Specialization  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Core Core Specialization Core Specialization Core Specialization (CS) is a feature of the Cray operating system that allows the user to reserve one or more cores per node for handling system services, and thus reduce the effects of timing jitter due to interruptions from the operating system at the expense of (possibly) requiring more nodes to run an application. The specialized cores may also be used in conjunction with Cray's MPI asynchronous progress engine [1] to improve the overlap of communication and computation for applications that use non-blocking MPI functions. In the absence of CS, the compute cores must service their own non-blocking calls. Hyper-Threading complicates questions abouty the most effective use of processor resources. HT doubles the number of compute stream (i.e.

56

Lower pseudogap phase of Mott insulators: A spin/vortex liquid state  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The pseudogap phase is considered to be a new state of matter in the phase string model of the doped Mott insulator, which is composed of two distinct regimes known as the upper and lower pseudogap phases, respectively. The former corresponds to the formation of spin-singlet pairing, the magnetic characterizations of which have been recently studied [Phys. Rev. B 72, 104520 (2005)]. The latter, as a low-temperature regime of the pseudogap phase, is systematically explored in this work, which is characterized by the formation of the Cooper pair amplitude and described by a generalized Ginzburg-Landau theory. Elementary excitation in this phase is a charge-neutral object carrying spin-1?2 and locking with a supercurrent vortex, known as a spinon-vortex composite. Such a lower pseudogap phase can be regarded as a vortex liquid state due to the presence of free spinon vortices. Here thermally excited spinon vortices destroy the phase coherence and are responsible for the nontrivial Nernst effect and diamagnetism. The transport entropy and core energy associated with a spinon vortex are determined by the spin degrees of freedom. Such a spontaneous vortex liquid phase can be also considered as a spin liquid with a finite correlation length and gaped S=1?2 excitations, where a resonancelike nonpropagating spin mode emerges at the antiferromagnetic wavevector (?,?) with a doping-dependent characteristic energy. The superconducting phase is closely related to the lower pseudogap phase by a topological transition with spinon vortices and antivortices forming bound pairs and the emergence of fermionic quasiparticles as holon-spinon-vortex bound objects. A quantitative phase diagram in the parameter space of doping, temperature, and magnetic field is determined. Comparisons with experiments are also made.

Zheng-Yu Weng and Xiao-Liang Qi

2006-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

57

Particle resuspension by an impacting vortex ring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Coherent vortex structures play a significant and important role in the dynamics of many commonly occurring natural flows, for example turbulent boundary layers and channel flows. One particularly important fe...

Rick J. Munro; Stuart B. Dalziel

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

‘Optimal’ vortex rings and aquatic propulsion mechanisms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...vortex rings and aquatic propulsion mechanisms P. F. Linden...fluid mechanics behind these propulsion mechanisms and show that...over the cycle. 4. FISH PROPULSION BY UNDULATORY SWIMMING Most marine organisms have only discrete...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Polarization dependent forces in optical vortex pipeline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study both, theoretically and in experiments, the dependence of optical forces acting on a spherical particle guided in air with an optical vortex beam, on the light polarization...

Eckerskorn, Niko; Krolikowski, Wieslaw; Shvedov, Vladlen; Rode, Andrei

60

Airfoil Vortex Induced Vibration suppression devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vortex Induced Vibrations (VIV) is a major concern of the offshore oil industry. This problem leads to fatigue failure in the marine risers and causes costly replacement of the risers. Appendages such as helical strakes ...

Lee, Evan J. (Evan Joseph)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vortex core deformation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Holographic Vortex Liquids and Superfluid Turbulence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of Kelvin waves flowing along vortex strings in 3D quantum turbulence...theory correlators from non-critical string theory . Phys. Lett. B...S. , Emergence of turbulence in an oscillating Bose-Einstein condensate . Phys. Rev...

Paul M. Chesler; Hong Liu; Allan Adams

2013-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

62

Direct Imaging of Antiferromagnetic Vortex States  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Direct Imaging of Antiferromagnetic Vortex States Print Direct Imaging of Antiferromagnetic Vortex States Print Magnetic materials are characterized by the ordering of electron spins, with nearest-neighbor spins parallel to each other in ferromagnetic (FM) materials and antiparallel to each other in antiferromagnetic (AFM) materials. As the size of a magnetic system is reduced to micron scale, it has been shown that the spins in an FM microstructure can curl around to form a magnetic vortex state. While there has been intensive activity in the study of vortex states in FM disks, there has been no direct observation of such states in an AFM microstructure, although theory predicts many interesting and unique properties for the AFM vortex state. Recently, a research team from Berkeley, Korea, and China has taken the first direct image of an AFM vortex in multilayered magnetic disk structures using x-ray magnetic linear dichroism (XMLD) and photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM) at ALS Beamlines 4.0.2 and 11.0.1 , respectively. The experiments observed two types of AFM vortices, one of which has no analogue in FM vortices.

63

Direct Imaging of Antiferromagnetic Vortex States  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Direct Imaging of Antiferromagnetic Vortex States Print Direct Imaging of Antiferromagnetic Vortex States Print Magnetic materials are characterized by the ordering of electron spins, with nearest-neighbor spins parallel to each other in ferromagnetic (FM) materials and antiparallel to each other in antiferromagnetic (AFM) materials. As the size of a magnetic system is reduced to micron scale, it has been shown that the spins in an FM microstructure can curl around to form a magnetic vortex state. While there has been intensive activity in the study of vortex states in FM disks, there has been no direct observation of such states in an AFM microstructure, although theory predicts many interesting and unique properties for the AFM vortex state. Recently, a research team from Berkeley, Korea, and China has taken the first direct image of an AFM vortex in multilayered magnetic disk structures using x-ray magnetic linear dichroism (XMLD) and photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM) at ALS Beamlines 4.0.2 and 11.0.1 , respectively. The experiments observed two types of AFM vortices, one of which has no analogue in FM vortices.

64

Direct Imaging of Antiferromagnetic Vortex States  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Direct Imaging of Antiferromagnetic Vortex States Print Direct Imaging of Antiferromagnetic Vortex States Print Magnetic materials are characterized by the ordering of electron spins, with nearest-neighbor spins parallel to each other in ferromagnetic (FM) materials and antiparallel to each other in antiferromagnetic (AFM) materials. As the size of a magnetic system is reduced to micron scale, it has been shown that the spins in an FM microstructure can curl around to form a magnetic vortex state. While there has been intensive activity in the study of vortex states in FM disks, there has been no direct observation of such states in an AFM microstructure, although theory predicts many interesting and unique properties for the AFM vortex state. Recently, a research team from Berkeley, Korea, and China has taken the first direct image of an AFM vortex in multilayered magnetic disk structures using x-ray magnetic linear dichroism (XMLD) and photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM) at ALS Beamlines 4.0.2 and 11.0.1 , respectively. The experiments observed two types of AFM vortices, one of which has no analogue in FM vortices.

65

Reconnection of vortex filaments and Kolmogorov spectrum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The energy spectrum of the 3D velocity field, induced by collapsing vortex filaments is studied. One of the aims of this work is to clarify the appearance of the Kolmogorov type energy spectrum $E(k)\\varpropto k^{-5/3}$, observed in many numerical works on discrete vortex tubes (quantized vortex filaments in quantum fluids). Usually, explaining classical turbulent properties of quantum turbulence, the model of vortex bundles, is used. This model is necessary to mimic the vortex stretching, which is responsible for the energy transfer in classical turbulence. In our consideration we do not appeal to the possible "bundle arrangement" but explore alternative idea that the turbulent spectra appear from singular solution, which describe the collapsing line at moments of reconnection. One more aim is related to an important and intensively discussed topic - a role of hydrodynamic collapse in the formation of turbulent spectra. We demonstrated that the specific vortex filament configuration generated the spectrum $E(k)$ close to the Kolmogorov dependence and discussed the reason for this as well as the reason for deviation. We also discuss the obtained results from point of view of the both classical and quantum turbulence.

Sergey K. Nemirovskii

2014-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

66

Kinematics of compressional and extensional ductile shearing deformation in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kinematics of compressional and extensional ductile shearing deformation in Kinematics of compressional and extensional ductile shearing deformation in a metamorphic core complex of the northeastern basin and range Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Kinematics of compressional and extensional ductile shearing deformation in a metamorphic core complex of the northeastern basin and range Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Analysis of shear criteria enables the kinematics of two main ductile-shearing events (D1 and D2) to be established in the Raft River, Grouse Creek and Albion 'metamorphic core complex'. The first event (D1) is a NNE-thrusting and corresponds to Mesozoic shortening. A well developed non-coaxial ductile deformation (D2), of Cenozoic age, is marked by the occurrence of opposing eastward (in Raft River) and westward shear

67

Vortex Hydro Energy LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydro Energy LLC Hydro Energy LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Vortex Hydro Energy LLC Address 4870 West Clark Rd Suite 108 Place Ypsilanti Zip 48197 Sector Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone number 734.971.4020 Website http://www.vortexhydroenergy.c Region United States LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This company is listed in the Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Database. This company is involved in the following MHK Projects: Marine Hydrodynamics Laboratory at the University of Michigan This company is involved in the following MHK Technologies: Vortex Induced Vibrations Aquatic Clean Energy VIVACE This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Vortex_Hydro_Energy_LLC&oldid=678497

68

Sediment resuspension and erosion by vortex rings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Particle resuspension and erosion induced by a vortex ringinteracting with a sediment layer was investigated experimentally using flow visualization (particle image velocimetry) high-speed video and a recently developed light attenuation method for measuring displacements in bed level. Near-spherical sediment particles were used throughout with relative densities of 1.2–7 and diameters ( d ) ranging between 90 and 1600 ? ? m . Attention was focused on initially smooth horizontal bedforms with the vortex ring aligned to approach the bed vertically. Interaction characteristics were investigated in terms of the dimensionless Shields parameter defined using the vortex-ring propagation speed. The critical conditions for resuspension (whereby particles are only just resuspended) were determined as a function of particle Reynolds number (based on the particle settling velocity and d ). The effects of viscous damping were found to be significant for d / ? resuspension volumes are analyzed as a function interaction time impact condition and sediment size.

R. J. Munro; N. Bethke; S. B. Dalziel

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Vortex reconnections between coreless vortices in binary condensates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Vortex reconnections plays an important role in the turbulent flows associated with the superfluids. To understand the dynamics, we examine the reconnections of vortex rings in the superfluids of dilute atomic gases confined in trapping potentials using Gross-Petaevskii equation. Further more we study the reconnection dynamics of coreless vortex rings, where one of the species can act as a tracer.

Gautam, S. [Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore-560 012 (India); Suthar, K.; Angom, D. [Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad-380 009 (India)

2014-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

70

PHYSICS OF FLUIDS 24, 125108 (2012) Quantum vortex reconnections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is continuous, not discrete, and parts of the initial vortical tubes can be left behind as vortex threads, whichPHYSICS OF FLUIDS 24, 125108 (2012) Quantum vortex reconnections S. Zuccher,1 M. Caliari,1 A. W that the minimum distance between vortices scales differently with time before and after the vortex reconnection

Zuccher, Simone

71

Correlated vortex pinning in slightly orthorhombic twinned Ba(Fe1-xCox)2As2 single crystals: Possible shift of the vortex-glass/liquid transition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The interest in twin-boundary (TB) planes as a source of vortex pinning has been recently renewed with the discovery of the new iron-arsenide pnictide superconductors. In the family of compounds Ba(Fe1-xCox)2As2 a structural transition from a tetragonal to orthorhombic lattice takes place for compounds with xvortex cores. In this work we investigate the changes in anisotropy produced by subtle differences in the Co doping level, in the neighborhood of the structural transition, in good-quality single crystals. Using a scaling approach we are able to determine the angular regions where correlated or uncorrelated disorder prevails. In the tetragonal samples (x>xcr) there is no twinning and we find good agreement with the expected scaling function under uncorrelated disorder, with small anisotropy values similar to those reported in the literature. We show that in the orthorhombic samples (xvortex liquid-glass transition temperature.

Bermudez, M. Marziali [Universidad de Buenos Aires; Pasquini, G. [Universidad de Buenos Aires; Budko, Sergey L. [Ames Laboratory; Canfield, Paul C. [Ames Laboratory

2013-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

72

Neutron Scattering Studies of Vortex Matter in Type-II Superconductors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The proposed program is an experimental study of the fundamental properties of Abrikosov vortex matter in type-II superconductors. Most superconducting materials used in applications such as MRI are type II and their transport properties are determined by the interplay between random pinning, interaction and thermal fluctuation effects in the vortex state. Given the technological importance of these materials, a fundamental understanding of the vortex matter is necessary. The vortex lines in type-II superconductors also form a useful model system for fundamental studies of a number of important issues in condensed matter physics, such as the presence of a symmetry-breaking phase transition in the presence of random pinning. Recent advances in neutron scattering facilities such as the major upgrade of the NIST cold source and the Spallation Neutron Source are providing unprecedented opportunities in addressing some of the longstanding issues in vortex physics. The core component of the proposed program is to use small angle neutron scattering and Bitter decoration experiments to provide the most stringent test of the Bragg glass theory by measuring the structure factor in both the real and reciprocal spaces. The proposed experiments include a neutron reflectometry experiment to measure the precise Q-dependence of the structure factor of the vortex lattice in the Bragg glass state. A second set of SANS experiments will be on a shear-strained Nb single crystal for testing a recently proposed theory of the stability of Bragg glass. The objective is to artificially create a set of parallel grain boundaries into a Nb single crystal and use SANS to measure the vortex matter diffraction pattern as a function of the changing angle between the applied magnetic field to the grain boundaries. The intrinsic merits of the proposed work are a new fundamental understanding of type-II superconductors on which superconducting technology is based, and a firm understanding of phases and phase transitions in condensed matter systems with random pinning. The broader impact of the program includes the training of future generation of neutron scientists, and further development of neutron scattering and complementary techniques for studies of superconducting materials. The graduate and undergraduate students participating in this project will learn the state-of-the-art neutron scattering techniques, acquire a wide range of materials research experiences, and participate in the frontier research of superconductivity. This should best prepare the students for future careers in academia, industry, or government.

Xinsheng Ling

2012-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

73

Jammed vortex matter Hajime Yoshino1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Abstract: Irrationally frustrated Josephson junction array (JJA), namely JJA with irrational number density point. Figure 1: Josephson junction array (JJA) on a square lattice. The vertexes and bonds represent- not develop usual periodic vortex lattices. 1 Introduction Josephson junction array under mag- netic field

Katsumoto, Shingo

74

Vortex lines in films: Fields and interactions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

General expressions are given for the magnetic field and energy of arbitrary arrangements of straight and curved vortices in an anisotropic superconductor film of finite thickness within anisotropic London theory. As examples we consider the magnetic field and interaction of straight perpendicular vortex lines in films of finite thickness.

Gilson Carneiro and Ernst Helmut Brandt

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Vortex Jitter in Hover Swathi M. Mula  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

78712, USA Abstract The trajectory of the tip vortex of a reduced-scale, 1 m diameter, four-bladed rotor condition of the rotor is at a blade loading of CT / = 0.0645 and a rotational speed of 1240RPM wake dominated by the tip vortices shed from the rotor blades. The complexity of the flow

Tinney, Charles E.

76

The multiple vortex nature of tropical cyclogenesis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) __________________________ __________________________ John Nielsen-Gammon Craig Epifanio (Chair of Committee) (Member) __________________________ __________________________ Fuqing Zhang Hongxing Liu (Member) (Member) December 2004 Major Subject: Atmospheric Sciences... iii ABSTRACT The Multiple Vortex Nature of Tropical Cyclogenesis. (December 2004) Jason Allen Sippel, B.S., Texas A&M University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. John Nielsen-Gammon This thesis contains an observational analysis...

Sippel, Jason Allen

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

77

Quenching Processes in Flame-Vortex Interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Astrophysical Thermonuclear Flashes 1 , Chicago, IL 60637 y Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University-vortex interactions in order to understand quenching of thermonuclear ames. The key question is|can a ther- monuclear. If a ame encounters a 1) The Center for Astrophysical Thermonuclear Flashes is supported by the Department

Zingale, Michael

78

Vortex dynamics in 4 Banavara N. Shashikanth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

during the interaction of a pair of counter-rotating vortices Phys. Fluids 24, 014107 (2012) The onset of oblique vortex shedding behind a heated circular cylinder in laminar wake regime Phys. Fluids 24, 011701 fluids Phys. Fluids 23, 115106 (2011) Asymptotic properties of wall-induced chaotic mixing in point

Shashikanth, Banavara N.

79

Interaction with deformable displays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Technological developments in display technologies allow us to explore the design of mobile devices that extend beyond the rigid, flat screen surfaces with which we are familiar. The next generation mobile devices will instead include deformable displays ... Keywords: deformable displays, display surfaces, interaction, shape-changing displays

Jason Alexander; Johan Kildal; Kasper Hornbaek; Viljakaisa Aaltonen; Andrés Lucero; Sriram Subramanian

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Nanoscale strain-induced pair suppression as a vortex-pinning mechanism in high- temperature superconductors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Boosting large-scale superconductor applications require nanostructured conductors with artificial pinning centres immobilizing quantized vortices at high temperature and magnetic fields. Here we demonstrate a highly effective mechanism of artificial pinning centers in solution-derived high-temperature superconductor nanocomposites through generation of nanostrained regions where Cooper pair formation is suppressed. The nanostrained regions identified from transmission electron microscopy devise a very high concentration of partial dislocations associated with intergrowths generated between the randomly oriented nanodots and the epitaxial YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7} matrix. Consequently, an outstanding vortex-pinning enhancement correlated to the nanostrain is demonstrated for four types of randomly oriented nanodot, and a unique evolution towards an isotropic vortex-pinning behaviour, even in the effective anisotropy, is achieved as the nanostrain turns isotropic. We suggest a new vortex-pinning mechanism based on the bond-contraction pairing model, where pair formation is quenched under tensile strain, forming new and effective core-pinning regions.

Llordes, Anna [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Palau, A. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Gazquez, J. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Coll, M. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Vlad, R. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Pomar, A. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Arbiol, Jordi [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Guzman, Roger [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Ye, S. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Rouco, V [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Sandiumenge, Felip [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Ricart, Susagna [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Puig, Teresa [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Varela del Arco, Maria [ORNL; Chataigner, D. [CRISMAT, Caen, France; Vanacken, J. [INPAC-Institute for Nanoscale Physics and Chemistry, Leuven, Belgium; Gutierrez, J. [INPAC-Institute for Nanoscale Physics and Chemistry, Leuven, Belgium; Moschalkov, V. [INPAC-Institute for Nanoscale Physics and Chemistry, Leuven, Belgium; Deutscher, G. [Tel Aviv University; Magen Dominguez, Cesar [ORNL; Obradors, Xavier [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vortex core deformation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

A Vortex Contactor for Carbon Dioxide Separations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vortex Contactor for Carbon Dioxide Separations Vortex Contactor for Carbon Dioxide Separations Kevin T. Raterman (ratekt@inel.gov; 208-526-5444) Michael McKellar (mgq@inel.gov; 208-526-1346) Anna Podgorney (poloak@inel.gov; 208-526-0064) Douglas Stacey (stacde@inel.gov; 208-526-3938) Terry Turner (tdt@inel.gov; 208-526-8623) Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory P.O. Box 1625 Idaho Falls, Idaho 83415-2110 Brian Stokes (bxs9@pge.com; 415-972-5591) John Vranicar (jjv2@pge.com; 415-972-5591) Pacific Gas & Electric Company 123 Mission Street San Francisco, CA 94105 Introduction Many analysts 1,2,3 identify carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) capture and separation as a major roadblock in efforts to cost effectively mitigate greenhouse gas emissions via sequestration. An assessment 4 conducted by the International Energy Agency (IEA)

82

Vortex Dynamics in NanoScale Materials  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Into the Vortex: Dynamics in Nanoscale Materials Into the Vortex: Dynamics in Nanoscale Materials Micron and nanosized magnets are of great interest for their potential applications in new electronic devices, such as magnetic random access memories. As the size of magnets is reduced to a 1-micron scale and below, the boundaries (surfaces, perimeters, etc) of the objects begin to profoundly influence both the static and dynamic behavior of the materials. Researchers from Argonne's Materials Science Division (MSD), Center for Nanoscale Materials (CNM), and Advanced Photon Source (APS) have recently examined the dynamics of 3- to 7-micron-diameter NiFe alloy disks with a combination of theoretical calculations and a new time-resolved magnetic imaging technique using synchrotron-based x-ray photoemission electron

83

Acceleration and vortex filaments in turbulence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report recent results from a high resolution numerical study of fluid particles transported by a fully developed turbulent flow. Single particle trajectories were followed for a time range spanning more than three decades, from less than a tenth of the Kolmogorov time-scale up to one large-eddy turnover time. We present some results concerning acceleration statistics and the statistics of trapping by vortex filaments.

F. Toschi; L. Biferale; G. Boffetta; A. Celani; B. J. Devenish; A. Lanotte

2005-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

84

Deformation of Diopside Single Crystal at Mantle Pressure 2 TEM Characterization of Deformation Microstructures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The dislocation microstructures of diopside single crystals deformed at high-pressure (4 {<=} P {<=} 9 GPa), high-temperature (1100{sup o} {<=} T {<=} 1400 {sup o}C) using a Deformation-DIA high-pressure apparatus (D-DIA) have been characterized by transmission electron microscopy using weak-beam dark-field (WBDF), precession electron diffraction (PED), large-angle convergent-beam electron diffraction (LACBED) and the thickness-fringe method. Dislocation glide is the dominant deformation mechanism under these conditions. The 1/2<110>{l_brace}110{r_brace} glide is controlled by lattice friction on the edge segments and shows extensive cross-slip. The [001] glide occurs mostly on {l_brace}110{r_brace}; no evidence for [001](010) glide has been found. The [100] dislocations bear a strong lattice friction probably due to complex (out of glide) core structures.

E Amiguet; P Cordier; P Raterron

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

85

Jet?vortex Interaction: A Numerical Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The interaction of a vortex and a jet plays an important role for many industrial processes such as Carbon Black formation or combustion in diesel engines. The knowledge of physics of these phenomena is crucial for engineers but also for scientists who wish to reveal many interesting and complex issues hidden there. In this research we numerically investigate cases where a cylindrical reactor is charged with gas injected through five ports. The first one is located along the main axis of the cylinder and this leads to the formation of the main jet. The other four ports are situated along the side walls such that the gas entering the cylinder tangentially through them causes a vortex to be formed. The objective of this paper is to show the fundamental physical phenomena and also how the initial and boundary conditions influence the results. Our most important observation at this stage is that the mixing process is more intense if the vortex is inclined towards x?axis. The results are mainly shown as snapshots of gas velocity.

Catalin G. Ilea; Pawel Kosinski; Alex C. Hoffmann

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Liquid Vortex Shielding for Fusion Energy Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Swirling liquid vortices can be used in fusion chambers to protect their first walls and critical elements from the harmful conditions resulting from fusion reactions. The beam tube structures in heavy ion fusion (HIF) must be shielded from high energy particles, such as neutrons, x-rays and vaporized coolant, that will cause damage. Here an annular wall jet, or vortex tube, is proposed for shielding and is generated by injecting liquid tangent to the inner surface of the tube both azimuthally and axially. Its effectiveness is closely related to the vortex tube flow properties. 3-D particle image velocimetry (PIV) is being conducted to precisely characterize its turbulent structure. The concept of annular vortex flow can be extended to a larger scale to serve as a liquid blanket for other inertial fusion and even magnetic fusion systems. For this purpose a periodic arrangement of injection and suction holes around the chamber circumference are used, generating the layer. Because it is important to match the index of refraction of the fluid with the tube material for optical measurement like PIV, a low viscosity mineral oil was identified and used that can also be employed to do scaled experiments of molten salts at high temperature.

Bardet, Philippe M. [University of California, Berkeley (United States); Supiot, Boris F. [University of California, Berkeley (United States); Peterson, Per F. [University of California, Berkeley (United States); Savas, Oemer [University of California, Berkeley (United States)

2005-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

87

Novel Vortex Generator and Mode Converter for Electron Beams  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A mode converter for electron vortex beams is described. Numerical simulations, confirmed by experiment, show that the converter transforms a vortex beam with a topological charge m=±1 into beams closely resembling Hermite-Gaussian HG10 and HG01 modes. The converter can be used as a mode discriminator or filter for electron vortex beams. Combining the converter with a phase plate turns a plane wave into modes with topological charge m=±1. This combination serves as a generator of electron vortex beams of high brilliance.

P. Schattschneider; M. Stöger-Pollach; J. Verbeeck

2012-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

88

Energy Separation And Lox Separation Studies In Vortex Tubes.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Vortex Tube (VT) is a simple device having no moving mechanical parts, in which compressed gas at high pressure is injected through one or more… (more)

Behera, Upendra

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Vortex motion rectification in Josephson junction arrays with a ratchet potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

By means of electrical transport measurements we have studied the rectified motion of vortices in ratchet potentials engineered on over-damped Josephson junction arrays. The rectified voltage as a function of the vortex density shows a maximum efficiency close a matching condition to the period of the ratchet potential indicating a collective vortex motion. Vortex current reversals where detected varying the driving force and vortex density revealing the influence of vortex-vortex interaction in the ratchet effect.

D. E. Shalom; H. Pastoriza

2004-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

90

An application of vortex cancellation to vortex generator techniques in low speed wind tunnels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

'lugs/ft-sec Axial distance between sets of vortex generators root chord lengths /Y Vertical dimension of duct cross section Tube height/Y in. none ~St i t ()i ()2 (), ( )?q Measured at station g 1 Measured at Station 0 8 Upstream srl... TABLE I II BOUNDARY LAYER PROFILE DATA IN THE VICINITY OF A VORTEX FILAMENT AT STATION 0 7 Tube Number I 2 3 4. 5 6 7 8 9 '10 I 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 I 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Ft-Fs in. H 0 1. 31 1. 31 1. 31 I . 26 1. 20...

Mount, Glynn O., Jr

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

91

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced vortex element Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

method of plasma Summary: with the new simple explanation of the energy separation in vortex tubes described here. Advanced numerical... vortex method of plasma insulation and...

92

E-Print Network 3.0 - accelerated vortex ring Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

left behind... forces were derived from the vortex rings, assuming all propulsive energy to be compiled in the rings... , ending up in a separate vortex ... Source:...

93

Transverse energy circulation and the edge diffraction of an optical vortex beam  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Edge diffraction of a circular Laguerre–Gaussian beam represents an example of the optical vortex symmetry breakdown in which the hidden “vortex” energy...

Bekshaev, Aleksandr Ya; Mohammed, Kadhim A; Kurka, Ivan A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Finned Tube With Vortex Generators For A Heat Exchanger.  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for and method of manufacturing a finned tube for a heat exchanger is disclosed herein. A continuous fin strip is provided with at least one pair of vortex generators. A tube is rotated and linearly displaced while the continuous fin strip with vortex generators is spirally wrapped around the tube.

Sohal, Monohar S. (Idaho Falls, ID); O'Brien, James E. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2004-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

95

ENERGY LEVEL SPECTROSCOPY OF A BOUND VORTEX-ANTIVORTEX PAIR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vortex- antivortex (VAV) state in an annular Josephson junction. The bound VAV pair is formed microwave spectroscopy. Keywords: Macroscopic quantum effects, long Josephson junctions, vortex­9]. Most of the studied systems, such as dc-biased Josephson junctions (JJ), supercon- ducting quantum

Wallraff, Andreas

96

Contractions, deformations and curvature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The role of curvature in relation with Lie algebra contractions of the pseudo-ortogonal algebras so(p,q) is fully described by considering some associated symmetrical homogeneous spaces of constant curvature within a Cayley-Klein framework. We show that a given Lie algebra contraction can be interpreted geometrically as the zero-curvature limit of some underlying homogeneous space with constant curvature. In particular, we study in detail the contraction process for the three classical Riemannian spaces (spherical, Euclidean, hyperbolic), three non-relativistic (Newtonian) spacetimes and three relativistic ((anti-)de Sitter and Minkowskian) spacetimes. Next, from a different perspective, we make use of quantum deformations of Lie algebras in order to construct a family of spaces of non-constant curvature that can be interpreted as deformations of the above nine spaces. In this framework, the quantum deformation parameter is identified as the parameter that controls the curvature of such "quantum" spaces.

Angel Ballesteros; Francisco J. Herranz; Orlando Ragnisco; Mariano Santander

2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

97

Dynamics of Magnetized Vortex Tubes in the Solar Chromosphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use 3D radiative MHD simulations to investigate the formation and dynamics of small-scale (less than 0.5 Mm in diameter) vortex tubes spontaneously generated by turbulent convection in quiet-Sun regions with initially weak mean magnetic fields. The results show that the vortex tubes penetrate into the chromosphere and substantially affect the structure and dynamics of the solar atmosphere. The vortex tubes are mostly concentrated in intergranular lanes and are characterized by strong (near sonic) downflows and swirling motions that capture and twist magnetic field lines, forming magnetic flux tubes that expand with height and which attain magnetic field strengths ranging from 200 G in the chromosphere to more than 1 kG in the photosphere. We investigate in detail the physical properties of these vortex tubes, including thermodynamic properties, flow dynamics, and kinetic and current helicities, and conclude that magnetized vortex tubes provide an important path for energy and momentum transfer from the con...

Kitiashvili, I N; Mansour, N N; Wray, A A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Nanolaminate deformable mirrors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A deformable mirror formed out of two layers of a nanolaminate foil attached to a stiff substrate is introduced. Deformation is provided by an electrostatic force between two of the layers. The internal stiffness of the structure allows for high-spatial-frequency shapes. The nanolaminate foil of the present invention allows for a high-quality mirror surface. The device achieves high precision in the vertical direction by using foils with accurately controlled thicknesses, but does not require high precision in the lateral dimensions, allowing such mirrors to be fabricated using crude lithography techniques. Such techniques allow structures up to about the meter scale to be fabricated.

Papavasiliou, Alexandros P. (Oakland, CA); Olivier, Scot S. (Santa Cruz, CA)

2009-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

99

Electromagnetic Behavior of the Vortex Sponge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In an introductory paper the vortex sponge was shown to be governed in restricted cases by Maxwell's free-space equations. In the present paper analogs to electric and magnetic energies and Poynting's theorem are derived by simple mechanical considerations. Rotational stability suggested originally by MacCullagh as a fundamental property of a luminiferous ether turns out to be a quality of the medium as do the stresses introduced by Faraday and Maxwell to explain the mechanical actions of electric and magnetic fields. A rudimentary model for the electrostatic field is suggested on this basis. A conventional definition of charge and the laws of Coulomb and Biot complete Maxwell's equations for cases including charges and currents. A model of the magnetic field based on the bulk rotation and the Faraday-Maxwell stresses combined with the laws of Coulomb and Biot permits the inference of the Lorentz force. Although numerous gaps occur in the treatment it seems not unlikely that the vortex sponge has the qualities described by the electromagnetic field equations as well as the mechanical attributes required for a model of these fields.

Edward M. Kelly

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Irreversible flow of vortex matter: Polycrystal and amorphous phases Paolo Moretti and M.-Carmen Miguel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

systems exhibiting this phenomenol- ogy, flux line vortex lattices in type II superconductors rep- resent

Miguel-Lopez, Carmen

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vortex core deformation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Potential Flow Model of a Vortex Street Near a Fish-like Body  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Potential Flow Model of a Vortex Street Near a Fish-like Body Joshua Brulé, University of Maryland to inviscid, irrotational solutions of Navier-Stokes · Vortex potential: "A model of the lateral line of fish for vortex sensing." Ren Z, Mohseni K. 2012 #12;Vortex near a (circular) fish · (Insert your own spherical

Anlage, Steven

102

Vortex-vacancy interactions in two-dimensional easy-plane magnets G. M. Wysin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vortex-vacancy interactions in two-dimensional easy-plane magnets G. M. Wysin Department of Physics of a magnetic vacancy site on a nearby magnetic vortex are analyzed on square, hexagonal and triangular lattices. When the vortex is centered on a vacancy, the critical anisotropies where the stable vortex structure

Wysin, Gary

103

MHK Technologies/Vortex Induced Vibrations Aquatic Clean Energy VIVACE |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vortex Induced Vibrations Aquatic Clean Energy VIVACE Vortex Induced Vibrations Aquatic Clean Energy VIVACE < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Vortex Induced Vibrations Aquatic Clean Energy VIVACE.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Vortex Hydro Energy LLC Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/Marine Hydrodynamics Laboratory at the University of Michigan Technology Resource Click here Current/Tidal Technology Type Click here Reciprocating Device Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 4: Proof of Concept Technology Description The VIVACE (Vortex Induced Vibrations Aquatic Clean Energy) device is based on the extensively studied phenomenon of Vortex Induced Vibrations (VIV), which was first observed five-hundred years ago by Leonardo DaVinci in the form of 'Aeolian Tones.' VIV results from vortices forming and shedding on the downstream side of a bluff body in a current. Vortex shedding alternates from one side to the other, thereby creating a vibration or oscillation. The VIV phenomenon is non-linear, which means it can produce useful energy at high efficiency over a wide range of current speeds and directions.This converter is unlike any existing technology, as it does not use turbines, propellers, or dams. VIVACE converts the horizontal hydrokinetic energy of currents into cylinder mechanical energy. The latter is then converted to electricity through electric power generators.

104

Reconnection in orthogonally interacting vortex tubes: Direct numerical simulations and quantifications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The three?dimensional time evolution of two orthogonally offset cylindrical vortices of equal strength is simulated by solving the hyperviscosity?regularized incompressible Navier–Stokes equations. A Fourier pseudospectral method with a time?split integration scheme is used for the solution. Four runs with different Reynolds numbers ranging between 690–2100 are performed each with a resolution of 963 collocation points. The sequence of important physical processes and the evolution of local and global quantities such as vorticity velocity and mean?square strain rate are presented. It is found that the growth rate of the maximum vorticity is at most exponential. The Reynolds number dependence of the time scale of reconnection the vorticity growth rate and the time at which the maximum vorticity is attained are examined and differences between the present results and Saffman’s essentially two?dimensional model predictions are encountered and elucidated. The distributions of the eigenvalues ? ? ? and the corresponding eigenvectors s ? s ? s ? of the rate of strain tensor S i j are calculated at different times. It is found that as the mean?square strain rate ? increases during the evolution s ? and the vorticity vector ? are perfectly aligned and ?>0 in high ? regions. Strong temporal spatial and Reynolds number dependence of the strain fields is also seen. Evidence is presented that during reconnection the vorticity growth in newly forming bridges takes place in the vicinity of the upper stagnation line segment of the vortex dipole due to the nature of the vortex stretching term. Also examined is the initial finger formation and it is found that the initial nonuniform axial stretching and the displacement of the vortex cores due to a lift force play an important role in this process.

O. N. Boratav; R. B. Pelz; N. J. Zabusky

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Monopole-Antimonopole Chains and Vortex Rings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider static axially symmetric solutions of SU(2) Yang-Mills-Higgs theory. The simplest such solutions represent monopoles, multimonopoles and monopole-antimonopole pairs. In general such solutions are characterized by two integers, the winding number m of their polar angle, and the winding number n of their azimuthal angle. For solutions with n=1 and n=2, the Higgs field vanishes at m isolated points along the symmetry axis, which are associated with the locations of m monopoles and antimonopoles of charge n. These solutions represent chains of m monopoles and antimonopoles in static equilibrium. For larger values of n, totally different configurations arise, where the Higgs field vanishes on one or more rings, centered around the symmetry axis. We discuss the properties of such monopole-antimonopole chains and vortex rings, in particular their energies and magnetic dipole moments, and we study the influence of a finite Higgs self-coupling constant on these solutions.

Burkhard Kleihaus; Jutta Kunz; Yasha Shnir

2004-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

106

Integrated multi vector vortex beam generator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A novel method to generate and manipulate vector vortex beams in an integrated, ring resonator based geometry is proposed. We show numerically that a ring resonator, with an appropriate grating, addressed by a vertically displaced access waveguide emits a complex optical field. The emitted beam possesses a specific polarization topology, and consequently a transverse intensity profile and orbital angular momentum. We propose a combination of several concentric ring resonators, addressed with different bus guides, to generate arbitrary orbital angular momentum qudit states, which could potentially be used for classical and quantum communications. Finally, we demonstrate numerically that this device works as an orbital angular momentum sorter with an average cross-talk of -10 dB between different orbital angular momentum channels.

Sebastian A. Schulz; Taras Machula; Ebrahim Karimi; Robert W. Boyd

2013-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

107

Argonne CNM Highlight: Biofunctionalized magnetic-vortex microdiscs for  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biofunctionalized magnetic-vortex microdiscs for targeted cancer-cell destruction Biofunctionalized magnetic-vortex microdiscs for targeted cancer-cell destruction Magnetic microdisks Reflection optical microscope image of a dried suspension of the discs prepared via magnetron sputtering and optical lithography. Magnetic spin vortex Model of magnetic-vortex spin distribution in a disc. Users from Argonne's Materials Science Division and University of Chicago's Pritzker School of Medicine, working collaboratively on a user science project with CNM's Nanobio Interfaces Group, have discovered that nanostructured magnetic materials offer exciting avenues for probing cell mechanics, activating mechanosensitive ion channels, and advancing potential cancer therapies. Their new report describes an approach based on interfacing cells with lithographically defined microdiscs (1-micron

108

A study on passive methods of vortex induced vibrations suppression  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A number of engineering systems, including those found in offshore operations, are often affected by vortex-induced vibrations (VIV). This phenomenon is caused by the interaction between a structure and shed vortices which ...

Galvao, Richardo A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Experimental demonstration of vortex pancake in high temperature superconductor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to demonstrate the existence of the vortex pancake in high temperature superconductor experimentally, a configuration in which the current...E-j relation obtained with this electrodes spatial configurati...

Wei-xian Wang; Yu-heng Zhang

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

MHK Technologies/SeaUrchin Vortex Reaction Turbine | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SeaUrchin Vortex Reaction Turbine SeaUrchin Vortex Reaction Turbine < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage SeaUrchin Vortex Reaction Turbine.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Elemental Energy Technologies Limited ABN 46 128 491 903 Technology Resource Click here Current Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 4 Proof of Concept Technology Description A revolutionary vortex reaction turbine branded the SeaUrchin an advanced third generation marine turbine technology capable of delivering inexpensive small to large scale baseload or predictable electricity by harnessing the kinetic energy of free flowing ocean currents tides and rivers Technology Dimensions Device Testing Date Submitted 55:15.2

111

Self-Consistent Electronic Structure of a dx2-y2 and a dx2-y2 + idxy Vortex  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigate quasiparticle states associated with an isolated vortex in a d-wave superconductor using a self-consistent Bogoliubov–de Gennes formalism. For a pure dx2-y2 superconductor we find that there exist no bound states in the core; all the states are extended with continuous energy spectrum. This result is inconsistent with the existing experimental data on cuprates. We propose an explanation for this data in terms of a magnetic-field-induced dx2-y2+idxy state recently invoked in connection with the thermal conductivity measurements on Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8.

M. Franz and Z. Tešanovi?

1998-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

112

Nanoscale strain-induced pair suppression as a source of vortex pinning in high-temperature superconductors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Boosting large-scale superconductor applications require nanostructured conductors with artificial pinning centres immobilizing quantized vortices at high temperature and magnetic fields. Here we demonstrate a highly effective mechanism of artificial pinning centres in solution-derived high-temperature superconductor nanocomposites through generation of nanostrained regions where Cooper pair formation is suppressed. The nanostrained regions identified from transmission electron microscopy devise a very high concentration of partial dislocations associated with intergrowths generated between the randomly oriented nanodots and the epitaxial YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7} matrix. Consequently, an outstanding vortex-pinning enhancement correlated to the nanostrain is demonstrated for four types of randomly oriented nanodot, and a unique evolution towards an isotropic vortex-pinning behaviour, even in the effective anisotropy, is achieved as the nanostrain turns isotropic. We suggest a new vortex-pinning mechanism based on the bond-contraction pairing model, where pair formation is quenched under tensile strain, forming new and effective core-pinning regions.

Llordes, A. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Palau, A. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Vlad, R. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Pomar, A. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Arbiol, Jordi [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Guzman, Roger [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Gazquez Alabart, Jaume [ORNL; Varela del Arco, Maria [ORNL; Sandiumenge, Felip [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Ricart, Susagna [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Puig, Teresa [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Chataigner, D. [CRISMAT, Caen, France; Vanacken, J. [INPAC-Institute for Nanoscale Physics and Chemistry, Leuven, Belgium; Gutierrez, J. [INPAC-Institute for Nanoscale Physics and Chemistry, Leuven, Belgium; Deutscher, G. [Tel Aviv University; Moschalkov, V. [INPAC-Institute for Nanoscale Physics and Chemistry, Leuven, Belgium; Obradors, Xavier [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Turbine component casting core with high resolution region  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A hollow turbine engine component with complex internal features can include a first region and a second, high resolution region. The first region can be defined by a first ceramic core piece formed by any conventional process, such as by injection molding or transfer molding. The second region can be defined by a second ceramic core piece formed separately by a method effective to produce high resolution features, such as tomo lithographic molding. The first core piece and the second core piece can be joined by interlocking engagement that once subjected to an intermediate thermal heat treatment process thermally deform to form a three dimensional interlocking joint between the first and second core pieces by allowing thermal creep to irreversibly interlock the first and second core pieces together such that the joint becomes physically locked together providing joint stability through thermal processing.

Kamel, Ahmed; Merrill, Gary B.

2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

114

Deformed "Commutative" Chern - Simons System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Noncommutative Chern - Simons' system is non-perturbatively investigated at a full deformed level. A deformed "commutative" phase space is found by a non-canonical change between two sets of deformed variables of noncommutative space. It is explored that in the "commutative" phase space all calculations are similar to the case in commutative space. Spectra of the energy and angular momentum of the Chern - Simons' system are obtained at the full deformed level. The noncommutative-commutative correspondence is clearly showed. Formalism for the general dynamical system is briefly presented. Some subtle points are clarified.

Jian-Zu Zhang

2009-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

115

Ultra-Low NOx Advanced Vortex Combustor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An ultra lean-premixed Advanced Vortex Combustor (AVC) has been developed and tested. The natural gas fueled AVC was tested at the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Energy Technology Laboratory (USDOE NETL) test facility in Morgantown (WV). All testing was performed at elevated pressures and inlet temperatures and at lean fuel-air ratios representative of industrial gas turbines. The improved AVC design exhibited simultaneous NOx/CO/UHC emissions of 4/4/0 ppmv (all emissions are at 15% O2 dry). The design also achieved less than 3 ppmv NOx with combustion efficiencies in excess of 99.5%. The design demonstrated tremendous acoustic dynamic stability over a wide range of operating conditions which potentially makes this approach significantly more attractive than other lean premixed combustion approaches. In addition, a pressure drop of 1.75% was measured which is significantly lower than conventional gas turbine combustors. Potentially, this lower pressure drop characteristic of the AVC concept translates into overall gas turbine cycle efficiency improvements of up to one full percentage point. The relatively high velocities and low pressure drops achievable with this technology make the AVC approach an attractive alternative for syngas fuel applications.

Edmonds, R.G. (Ramgen Power Systems, Inc., Bellevue, WA); Steele, R.C. (Ramgen Power Systems, Inc., Bellevue, WA); Williams, J.T. (Ramgen Power Systems, Inc., Bellevue, WA); Straub, D.L.; Casleton, K.H.; Bining, Avtar (California Energy Commission, Sacramento, CA)

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

ULTRA-LOW NOX ADVANCED VORTEX COMBUSTOR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An ultra lean-premixed Advanced Vortex Combustor (AVC) has been developed and tested. The natural gas fueled AVC was tested at the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Energy Technology Laboratory (USDOE NETL) test facility in Morgantown (WV). All testing was performed at elevated pressures and inlet temperatures and at lean fuel-air ratios representative of industrial gas turbines. The improved AVC design exhibited simultaneous NOx/CO/UHC emissions of 4/4/0 ppmv (all emissions are at 15% O2 dry). The design also achieved less than 3 ppmv NOx with combustion efficiencies in excess of 99.5%. The design demonstrated tremendous acoustic dynamic stability over a wide range of operating conditions which potentially makes this approach significantly more attractive than other lean premixed combustion approaches. In addition, a pressure drop of 1.75% was measured which is significantly lower than conventional gas turbine combustors. Potentially, this lower pressure drop characteristic of the AVC concept translates into overall gas turbine cycle efficiency improvements of up to one full percentage point. The relatively high velocities and low pressure drops achievable with this technology make the AVC approach an attractive alternative for syngas fuel applications.

Ryan G. Edmonds; Robert C. Steele; Joseph T. Williams; Douglas L. Straub; Kent H. Casleton; Avtar Bining

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Wave–vortex interactions in the nonlinear Schrödinger equation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is a theoretical study of wave–vortex interaction effects in the two-dimensional nonlinear Schrödinger equation, which is a useful conceptual model for the limiting dynamics of superfluid quantum condensates at zero temperature. The particular wave–vortex interaction effects are associated with the scattering and refraction of small-scale linear waves by the straining flows induced by quantized point vortices and, crucially, with the concomitant nonlinear back-reaction, the remote recoil, that these scattered waves exert on the vortices. Our detailed model is a narrow, slowly varying wavetrain of small-amplitude waves refracted by one or two vortices. Weak interactions are studied using a suitable perturbation method in which the nonlinear recoil force on the vortex then arises at second order in wave amplitude, and is computed in terms of a Magnus-type force expression for both finite and infinite wavetrains. In the case of an infinite wavetrain, an explicit asymptotic formula for the scattering angle is also derived and cross-checked against numerical ray tracing. Finally, under suitable conditions a wavetrain can be so strongly refracted that it collapses all the way onto a zero-size point vortex. This is a strong wave–vortex interaction by definition. The conditions for such a collapse are derived and the validity of ray tracing theory during the singular collapse is investigated.

Guo, Yuan, E-mail: yuanguo@cims.nyu.edu; Bühler, Oliver [Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, New York, New York 10012 (United States)] [Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, New York, New York 10012 (United States)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

118

Experimental Investigations of Vortex Induced Vibration of A Flat Plate in Pitch Oscillation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A bluff structure placed in a flowing fluid, may be subjected to vortex-induced vibrations (VIV). For a flat plate with only rotational degree of freedom, the VIV is rotational oscillation. Based on the experimental investigation, vortex...

Yang, Yi

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

119

Generation and Propagation of Inertia Gravity Waves from Vortex Dipoles and Jets Shuguang Wang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generation and Propagation of Inertia Gravity Waves from Vortex Dipoles and Jets Shuguang Wang generation and propagation from jets within idealized vortex dipoles using a nonhydrostatic mesoscale model, moist convection, fronts, upper level jets, geostrophic adjustment and spontaneous generation (Fritts

120

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 85, 134414 (2012) Nonlinear motion of magnetic vortex cores during fast magnetic pulses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pulses Keiki Fukumoto* Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5198, Japan 351-0198, Japan Toyohiko Kinoshita Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, Sayo, Hyogo 679 Kuniaki Arai Institute for Solid State Physics, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8581, Japan

Otani, Yoshichika

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vortex core deformation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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121

A constant shear stress core flow model of the bidirectional vortex  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Chiaverini, M. J., Sauer, J. A. Knuth, W. H. 2004 Numerical code development for simulating gel propellant combustion processes. JANNAF Paper (unclassified). Ogawa, A 1984Estimation of the collection efficiencies of the three types of...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Core Drilling Demonstration  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Tank Farms workers demonstrate core drilling capabilities for Hanford single-shell tanks. Core drilling is used to determine the current condition of each tank to assist in the overall assessment...

123

Habit tic deformity secondary to guitar playing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

KA. Treatment of habit- tic deformity with fluoxetine. ArchHabit tic deformity secondary to guitar playing Jashin J Wuchanges similar to the habit tic deformity may be produced

Wu, Jashin J

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Mutual Chern-Simons gauge theory of spontaneous vortex phase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We apply the mutual Chern-Simons effective theory [Kou, Qi, and Weng, Phys. Rev. B 71, 235102 (2005)] of the doped Mott insulator to the study of the so-called spontaneous vortex phase in the low-temperature pseudogap region, which is characterized by strong unconventional superconducting fluctuations. An effective description for the spontaneous vortex phase is derived from the general mutual Chern-Simons Lagrangian, based on which the physical properties including the diamagnetism, spin paramagnetism, magnetoresistance, and the Nernst coefficient, have been quantitatively calculated. The phase boundaries of the spontaneous vortex phase, which sits between the onset temperature Tv and the superconducting transition temperature Tc, are also determined within the same framework. The results are consistent with the experimental measurements of the cuprates.

Xiao-Liang Qi and Zheng-Yu Weng

2007-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

125

Ubiquitous Solar Eruptions Driven by Magnetized Vortex Tubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The solar surface is covered by high-speed jets transporting mass and energy into the solar corona and feeding the solar wind. The most prominent of these jets have been known as spicules. However, the mechanism initiating these eruptions events is still unknown. Using realistic numerical simulations we find that small-scale eruptions are produced by ubiquitous magnetized vortex tubes generated by the Sun's turbulent convection in subsurface layers. The swirling vortex tubes (resembling tornadoes) penetrate into the solar atmosphere, capture and stretch background magnetic field, and push surrounding material up, generating quasiperiodic shocks. Our simulations reveal a complicated high-speed flow patterns, and thermodynamic and magnetic structure in the erupting vortex tubes. We found that the eruptions are initiated in the subsurface layers and are driven by the high-pressure gradients in the subphotosphere and photosphere, and by the Lorentz force in the higher atmosphere layers.

Kitiashvili, I N; Lele, S K; Mansour, N N; Wray, A A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

The effect of surface tension on the Moore singularity of vortex sheet dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effect of surface tension on the Moore singularity of vortex sheet dynamics F. de la Hoz , M's singularities by surface tension in the evolution of vortex sheets and its dependence on Weber number (which is inversely proportional to surface tension coefficient). The curvature of the vortex sheet, instead

Fontelos, Marco

127

Traveling Waves from the Arclength Parameterization: Vortex Sheets with Surface Tension  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Traveling Waves from the Arclength Parameterization: Vortex Sheets with Surface Tension Benjamin for the vortex sheet with surface tension. We use the angle- arclength description of the interface rather than prove that there exist traveling vortex sheets with surface tension bifurcating from equilibrium. We

Wright, J. Douglas

128

CALTECH ASCI TECHNICAL REPORT 129 On Velocity Structure Functions and the Spherical Vortex Model for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the stretched-spiral vortex has been suc- cessfully applied to the calculation of the energy spectrum,6 and some for larger scales is perhaps questionable. Most quantitative vortex-based models have utilized tube and sheetCALTECH ASCI TECHNICAL REPORT 129 On Velocity Structure Functions and the Spherical Vortex Model

Barr, Al

129

Vortex reconnections in atomic condensates at finite temperature A. J. Allen1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, reconnections of stream lines, vortex lines and magnetic flux tubes change the topology of the flowVortex reconnections in atomic condensates at finite temperature A. J. Allen1 , S. Zuccher2 , M (Dated: May 28, 2014) The study of vortex reconnections is an essential ingredient of understanding

Zuccher, Simone

130

Vortex Formation in a Plasma Interacting with Neutral Flow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently, it has been observed that there exists a class of vortices which rotates in the opposite direction to ExB drift (referred to as anti-ExB vortex). This result suggests that a predominant force other than electric field is acting on ions. It is found that momentum transport and resultant force generation through the interaction between ions and neutral flow play an essential role on anti-ExB vortex formation. The existence of inward neutral flow, which drives the ions in the anti-ExB direction, has been confirmed using a newly-developed high-resolution laser induced fluorescence (LIF) spectroscopy system.

Tanaka, M. Y.; Ogiwara, K.; Etoh, S. [Department of High Energy Engineering Science, Kyushu University, Kasuga-koen 6-1, Kasuga 816-8580 (Japan); Aramaki, M. [Department of Electrical Engineering, Nagoya University, Chikusa, Nagoya 464-8603 (Japan); Yoshimura, S. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Oroshi 322-6, Toki 509-5292 (Japan); Varanjes, J. [Center for Plasma Astrophysics, Celestijnenlaan 200 B 3001 Leuven (Belgium)

2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

131

Laboratory Analysis of Vortex Dynamics For Shallow Tidal Inlets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LABORATORY ANALYSIS OF VORTEX DYNAMICS FOR SHALLOW TIDAL INLETS A Thesis by KERRI ANN WHILDEN Submitted to the O ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial ful llment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 2009... Major Subject: Ocean Engineering LABORATORY ANALYSIS OF VORTEX DYNAMICS FOR SHALLOW TIDAL INLETS A Thesis by KERRI ANN WHILDEN Submitted to the O ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial ful llment of the requirements for the degree...

Whilden, Kerri Ann

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

132

Revival of Classical Vortex Generators Now for Transition Delay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Classical vortex generators, known for their efficiency in delaying or even inhibiting boundary layer separation, are here shown to be coveted devices for transition to turbulence delay. The present devices are miniature with respect to classical vortex generators but are tremendously powerful in modulating the laminar boundary layer in the direction orthogonal to the base flow and parallel to the surface. The modulation generates an additional term in the perturbation energy equation, which counteracts the wall-normal production term and, hence, stabilizes the flow. Our experimental results show that these devices are really effective in delaying transition, but we also reveal their Achilles’ heel.

Shahab Shahinfar; Sohrab S. Sattarzadeh; Jens H. M. Fransson; Alessandro Talamelli

2012-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

133

Vortex Diode Analysis and Testing for Fluoride Salt-Cooled High-Temperature Reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fluidic diodes are presently being considered for use in several fluoride salt-cooled high-temperature reactor designs. A fluidic diode is a passive device that acts as a leaky check valve. These devices are installed in emergency heat removal systems that are designed to passively remove reactor decay heat using natural circulation. The direct reactor auxiliary cooling system (DRACS) uses DRACS salt-to-salt heat exchangers (DHXs) that operate in a path parallel to the core flow. Because of this geometry, under normal operating conditions some flow bypasses the core and flows through the DHX. A flow diode, operating in reverse direction, is-used to minimize this flow when the primary coolant pumps are in operation, while allowing forward flow through the DHX under natural circulation conditions. The DRACSs reject the core decay heat to the environment under loss-of-flow accident conditions and as such are a reactor safety feature. Fluidic diodes have not previously been used in an operating reactor system, and therefore their characteristics must be quantified to ensure successful operation. This report parametrically examines multiple design parameters of a vortex-type fluidic diode to determine the size of diode needed to reject a particular amount of decay heat. Additional calculations were performed to size a scaled diode that could be tested in the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Liquid Salt Flow Loop. These parametric studies have shown that a 152.4 mm diode could be used as a test article in that facility. A design for this diode is developed, and changes to the loop that will be necessary to test the diode are discussed. Initial testing of a scaled flow diode has been carried out in a water loop. The 150 mm diode design discussed above was modified to improve performance, and the final design tested was a 171.45 mm diameter vortex diode. The results of this testing indicate that diodicities of about 20 can be obtained for diodes of this size. Experimental results show similar trends as the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) results presented in this report; however, some differences exist that will need to be assessed in future studies. The results of this testing will be used to improve the diode design to be tested in the liquid salt loop system.

Yoder Jr, Graydon L [ORNL; Elkassabgi, Yousri M. [Texas A& M University, Kingsville; De Leon, Gerardo I. [Texas A& M University, Kingsville; Fetterly, Caitlin N. [Texas A& M University, Kingsville; Ramos, Jorge A. [Texas A& M University, Kingsville; Cunningham, Richard Burns [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

HYDRATE CORE DRILLING TESTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ''Methane Hydrate Production from Alaskan Permafrost'' project is a three-year endeavor being conducted by Maurer Technology Inc. (MTI), Noble, and Anadarko Petroleum, in partnership with the U.S. DOE National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). The project's goal is to build on previous and ongoing R&D in the area of onshore hydrate deposition. The project team plans to design and implement a program to safely and economically drill, core and produce gas from arctic hydrates. The current work scope includes drilling and coring one well on Anadarko leases in FY 2003 during the winter drilling season. A specially built on-site core analysis laboratory will be used to determine some of the physical characteristics of the hydrates and surrounding rock. Prior to going to the field, the project team designed and conducted a controlled series of coring tests for simulating coring of hydrate formations. A variety of equipment and procedures were tested and modified to develop a practical solution for this special application. This Topical Report summarizes these coring tests. A special facility was designed and installed at MTI's Drilling Research Center (DRC) in Houston and used to conduct coring tests. Equipment and procedures were tested by cutting cores from frozen mixtures of sand and water supported by casing and designed to simulate hydrate formations. Tests were conducted with chilled drilling fluids. Tests showed that frozen core can be washed out and reduced in size by the action of the drilling fluid. Washing of the core by the drilling fluid caused a reduction in core diameter, making core recovery very difficult (if not impossible). One successful solution was to drill the last 6 inches of core dry (without fluid circulation). These tests demonstrated that it will be difficult to capture core when drilling in permafrost or hydrates without implementing certain safeguards. Among the coring tests was a simulated hydrate formation comprised of coarse, large-grain sand in ice. Results with this core showed that the viscosity of the drilling fluid must also be carefully controlled. When coarse sand was being cored, the core barrel became stuck because the drilling fluid was not viscous enough to completely remove the large grains of sand. These tests were very valuable to the project by showing the difficulties in coring permafrost or hydrates in a laboratory environment (as opposed to a field environment where drilling costs are much higher and the potential loss of equipment greater). Among the conclusions reached from these simulated hydrate coring tests are the following: Frozen hydrate core samples can be recovered successfully; A spring-finger core catcher works best for catching hydrate cores; Drilling fluid can erode the core and reduces its diameter, making it more difficult to capture the core; Mud must be designed with proper viscosity to lift larger cuttings; and The bottom 6 inches of core may need to be drilled dry to capture the core successfully.

John H. Cohen; Thomas E. Williams; Ali G. Kadaster; Bill V. Liddell

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Compressive deformation and yielding mechanisms in cellular Al alloys determined using X-ray tomography and surface strain mapping  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The mechanisms of compressive deformation that occur in closed cell Al alloys have been established. This has been achieved by using x-ray computed tomography (CT) and surface strain mapping to determine the deformation modes and the cell morphologies that control the onset of yielding. The deformation is found to localize in narrow bands having width of order of a cell diameter. Outside the bands, the material remains elastic. The cells within the bands that experience large permanent strains are primarily elliptical. A group of cells work collectively to allow large localized deformation. Size does not appear to be the initiator of the deformation bands. Equiaxed cells remain elastic. The implications for manufacturing materials with superior mechanical properties are discussed. Visualization of internal deformation of a closed cell Al alloy core, as part of a sandwich panel construction, is also possible using x-ray tomography. Preliminary results for a punch indentation test are presented.

Bart-Smith, H.; Bastawros, A.F.; Mumm, D.R.; Evans, A.G. [Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States). Div. of Engineering and Applied Sciences; Sypeck, D.J.; Wadley, H.N.G. [Univ. of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States). School of Engineering and Applied Science

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

136

New vortex ring configurations for the MAP dyon solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electrically charged magnetic solutions of SU (2) Yang-Mills-Higgs theory with net zero topological charge has been obtained as axially symmetric saddle-point solutions in Ref. [1]. These solutions are characterized by an integer the winding number n of their azimuthal angle ? and an electric charge parameter 0vortex ring configuration with n=2 ?=0.65 and varying Higgs field strength. Our observations showed that beside the fundamental solution which is an electrically charged MAP solution there also exist two other branches of eclectically charged vortex ring solutions which both appear at ?=20.45. The difference in total energy between these two branches of solution is very small but the difference in diameter of vortex rings of the two branches is quite significant. Finding of a branching phenomena in presence of a fundamental MAP solution has been for the first time. In Ref. [2] new branching solutions occur for the electrically neutral case in presence of fundamental vortex ring solutions but not for the fundamental MAP solution.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Creation and pinning of vortex-antivortex pairs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer modeling is reported about the creation and pinning of a magnetic vortex-antivortex (V-AV) pair in a superconducting thin film, due to the magnetic field of a vertical magnetic dipole above the film, and two antidot pins inside the film...

Kim, Sangbum; Hu, Chia-Ren; Andrews, Malcolm J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Vortex trimer in three-component Bose-Einstein condensates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vortex trimer is predicted in three-component Bose-Einstein condensates with internal coherent couplings. The molecule is made by three constituent vortices which are bounded by domain walls of the relative phases. We show that the shape and the size of the molecule can be controlled by changing the internal coherent couplings.

Minoru Eto; Muneto Nitta

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

High-Resolution Simulations of Parallel BladeVortex Interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

= perturbation pressure coefficient, p ps= 1 2 1U2 1 c = rotor blade chord p = instantaneous airfoil surface­vortex interaction computations Introduction A MAJOR source of rotorcraft noise is generated by the rotor blades on the rotor blades. BVI noise is especially important because it is known to propagate out

Alonso, Juan J.

140

WAVE-VORTEX INTERACTIONS IN THE ATMOSPHERE, AND CLIMATE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

parcel dynamics, linear modes, balan- ced models, gravity waves, weather and climate prediction Introduction Numerical weather and climate prediction is complicated because only the flow scales larger thanWAVE-VORTEX INTERACTIONS IN THE ATMOSPHERE, AND CLIMATE PREDICTION Onno Bokhove Numerical Analysis

Vellekoop, Michel

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vortex core deformation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Modified Black Hole with Polar Jet and Vortex  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There are many models relating an accretion disk of Black Hole to jet outflow. The herein heuristic model describes the continuation of an external accretion disk to an internal accretion disk for less than Black Hole horizon, and subsequent polar jet outflow along polar axis out of polar vortex wherein the event horizon is no longer descriptive.

T. Tmmalm

2001-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

142

Vortex strings in electric dipole radiation near a mirror  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The energy flow pattern of the radiation emitted by an oscillating electric dipole near a mirror has a complicated structure, including numerous singularities and vortices. We consider the flow lines of energy in the plane through the surface normal and the oscillation direction of the dipole. It is shown that the vortices are due to the vanishing of the magnetic field at their centers. The locations of the vortices have the appearance of beads on strings, and there are four such strings. The rotation direction of the energy flow for each vortex on a given string is the same. There are two strings with clockwise rotation and two strings with counterclockwise rotation. Field lines of energy flow either start or end at the center of a vortex. For a given string, field lines end at each vortex or field lines start at each vortex. There are two strings on which field lines end at the centers of the vortices, and there are two strings on which field lines start inside the vortices.

Xin Li; Henk F. Arnoldus

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Vortex motion in Josephson-junction arrays near f=0 and f=1/2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study vortex motion in two-dimensional Josephson arrays at magnetic fields near zero and one-half flux quanta per plaquette (f=0 and f=1/2). The array is modeled as a network of resistively and capacitively shunted Josephson junctions at temperature T=0. Calculations are carried out over a range of the McCumber-Stewart junction damping parameter ?. Near both f=0 and f=1/2, the I-V characteristics exhibit two critical currents, Ic1(f) and Ic2(f), representing the critical current for depinning a single vortex, and for depinning the entire ground-state phase configuration. Near f=0, single vortex motion just above Ic1(0) leads to Josephson-like voltage oscillations. The motion of the vortex is seemingly overdamped (i.e., nonhysteretic) even when the individual junction parameters are highly underdamped, in agreement with experiments. At sufficiently large ?, and sufficiently high vortex velocity, the vortex breaks up into a row of resistively switched junctions perpendicular to the current. Near f=1/2, the vortex potential, and corresponding vortex trajectories, are more complicated than near f=0. Nevertheless, the vortex is still ‘‘overdamped’’ even when the individual junctions are highly underdamped, and there is still row-switching behavior at large values of ?. A high-energy vortex in a very underdamped array tends to generate resistively switched rows rather than to move ballistically. Some possible explanations for this behavior are discussed.

Wenbin Yu; K. H. Lee; D. Stroud

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Neutron scattering on deformed nuclei  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measurements of neutron elastic and inelastic differential cross sections around 14 MeV for 9Be C 181 Ta 232Th 238U and 239Pu have been analyzed using a coupled channel (CC) formalism for deformed nuclei and phenomenological global optical model potentials (OMP). For the actinide targets these results are compared with the predictions of a semi?microscopic calculation using Jeukenne Lejeune and Mahaux (JLM) microscopic OMP and a deformed ground state nuclear density. The overall agreement between calculations and the measurements is reasonably good even for the very light nuclei where the quality of the fits is better than those obtained with spherical OMP.

L. F. Hansen; R. C. Haight; B. A. Pohl; C. Wong; Ch. Lagrange

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Vortex properties in superconducting Nb/Pd multilayers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have investigated the upper critical magnetic field Hc2, the critical current density Jc, and the pinning force Fp in sputtered Nb/Pd multilayers, varying the temperatures T, the Pd thicknesses dPd and the magnetic field H orientation (parallel and perpendicular to the plane of the sample). In perpendicular fields, the vortex dynamics was strongly influenced by grain-boundary pinning. In parallel fields, a peak was observed in the Jc(H) curves for samples with Pd thicknesses dPd>100 Å. After comparing the experimental results with the existing theories, we have related the presence of this peak effect to the matching of vortex kinks with the layered artificial structure.

C. Coccorese; C. Attanasio; L. V. Mercaldo; M. Salvato; L. Maritato; J. M. Slaughter; C. M. Falco; S. L. Prischepa; B. I. Ivlev

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Higher Derivative Corrections to Non-Abelian Vortex Effective Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We give a systematic method to calculate higher derivative corrections to low-energy effective theories of solitons, which are in general non-linear sigma models on the moduli spaces of the solitons. By applying it to the effective theory of a single BPS non-Abelian vortex in U(N) gauge theory with N fundamental Higgs fields, we obtain four derivative corrections to the effective sigma model on the moduli space C \\times CP^{N-1}. We compare them with the Nambu-Goto action and the Faddeev-Skyrme model. We also show that Yang-Mills instantons/monopoles trapped inside a non-Abelian vortex membrane/string are not modified in the presence of higher derivative terms.

Minoru Eto; Toshiaki Fujimori; Muneto Nitta; Keisuke Ohashi; Norisuke Sakai

2012-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

147

Precession of a single vortex line in superfluid B3  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reports the discovery of a new vortex phenomenon in superfluid B3. A single filament of quantized vortex line precesses as a solid body around a wire extending along the axis of a cylinder. The precession frequency equals the angular velocity of the apparatus at which the presence of a single quantum of circulation minimizes the system’s free energy. The period of precession is related to the circulation quantum and the dimensions of the apparatus. Thus a measurement of the precession period is an accurate determination of the quantum unit. We find ?=(1.020±0.03)h/2m3, where m3 is the mass of the He3 atom.

R. J. Zieve; Yu. Mukharsky; J. D. Close; J. C. Davis; R. E. Packard

1992-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

148

MHK Technologies/Vortex Oscillation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oscillation Oscillation < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Vortex Oscillation.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Vortex Oscillation Technology Ltd Technology Resource Click here Current Technology Type Click here Attenuator Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description If cylinder or another body is fixed on a moving bonding this force can set the body or its separate parts into oscillation e g elastic slat If the system of mechanical energy output is organized correctly this device can be considered as generator Technology Dimensions Device Testing Date Submitted 08:12.7 << Return to the MHK database homepage Retrieved from

149

-The Core of CS -Curricula  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- Advanced Courses #12;The Core of CS Curricula #12;CS Body of Knowledge Area > Unit > Topic Core vs elective#12;ACM vs U S I #12;- The Core of CS - Curricula - Introductory Courses - Intermediate Courses Introductory Intermediate Advanced Core Elective Units #12;Courses Introductory Intermediate Advanced Core

Hauswirth, Matthias

150

Vortex energy and 360 Neel walls in thinfilm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.Ignat@math.u-psud.fr) Courant Institute, New York University, New York, NY 10012, USA (e-mail: knuepfer@cims.nyu.edu) 1 #12Vortex energy and 360 ­N´eel walls in thin­film micromagnetics Radu Ignat , Hans Kn¨upfer October-section. The model is based on the following energy functional: E2d (m) = Z B2 |m|2 dx + | ln | 2 Z R2 ||-1

151

Coherence Current, Coherence Vortex, and the Conservation Law of Coherence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Introducing scalar and vector densities for a mutual coherence function, we present a new conservation law for optical coherence of scalar wave fields in the form of a continuity equation. This coherence conservation law provides new insights into topological phenomena for the complex coherence function. Some properties related to the newly introduced coherence vector density, such as a circulating coherence current associated with a coherence vortex, are investigated both theoretically and experimentally for the first time.

Wei Wang and Mitsuo Takeda

2006-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

152

Core shroud corner joints  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A core shroud is provided, which includes a number of planar members, a number of unitary corners, and a number of subassemblies each comprising a combination of the planar members and the unitary corners. Each unitary corner comprises a unitary extrusion including a first planar portion and a second planar portion disposed perpendicularly with respect to the first planar portion. At least one of the subassemblies comprises a plurality of the unitary corners disposed side-by-side in an alternating opposing relationship. A plurality of the subassemblies can be combined to form a quarter perimeter segment of the core shroud. Four quarter perimeter segments join together to form the core shroud.

Gilmore, Charles B.; Forsyth, David R.

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

153

Transient vortex events in the initial value problem for turbulence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A vorticity surge event that could be a paradigm for a wide class of bursting events in turbulence is studied to examine how the energy cascade is established and how this event could serve as a new test of LES turbulence models. This vorticity surge event is tied to the formation of the energy cascade in a direct numerical simulation by the traditional signatures of a turbulent energy cascade such as spectra approaching -5/3 and strongly Beltramized vortex tubes. A coherent mechanism is suggested by the nearly simultaneous development of a maximum of the peak vorticity $\\|\\omega\\|_\\infty$, growth of the dissipation, the appearance of a helically aligned local vortex configuration and strong, transient oscillations in the helicity wavenumber spectrum. This coherence is also examined for two LES models, a traditional purely dissipative eddy viscosity model and a modern method (LANS$-\\alpha$) that respects the nonlinear transport properties of fluids. Both LES models properly represent the spectral energy and energy dissipation associated with this vorticity surge event. However, only the model that preserves nonlinear fluid transport properties reproduces the helical properties, including Beltrami-like vortex tubes.

Darryl D. Holm; Robert M. Kerr

2001-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

154

Deformation of subducted oceanic lithosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......versus strain-rate exponent of n...observed for large F. Penetration of the slab below...G.F. , 1995. Penetration of plates and plumes...Seismic strain rate and deep slab deformation...versus strain-rate exponent of n...observed for large F. Penetration of the slab below......

Gregory A. Houseman; David Gubbins

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Coherence Holography and Spatial Frequency Comb for 3-D Coherence Imaging and Coherence Vortex Generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The principle and the applications of a recently proposed unconventional holography technique, coherence holography, applied for coherence vortex generation, and a related technique...

Takeda, Mitsuo; Wang, Wei; Duan, Zhihui; Miyamoto, Yoko; Rosen, Joseph

156

Vortex shedding from square plates near a ground plane: an experimental study.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Vortex shedding frequencies were obtained experimentally for square plates near a ground plane in the Texas Tech wind tunnel. These frequencies, in the form of… (more)

Matty, Rosemary Ricohermoso

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Rotational Doppler-effect due to selective excitation of vector-vortex field in optical fiber  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experimental demonstration of rotational Doppler-effect due to direct and simultaneous excitation of orthogonal elliptically-polarized fundamental and vortex modes in a two-mode...

Inavalli, V V G Krishna; Viswanathan, Nirmal K

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Oxygen to the core  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1-01 1-01 For immediate release: 01/10/2013 | NR-13-01-01 Oxygen to the core Anne M Stark, LLNL, (925) 422-9799, stark8@llnl.gov Printer-friendly An artist's conception of Earth's inner and outer core. LIVERMORE, Calif. -- An international collaboration including researchers from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has discovered that the Earth's core formed under more oxidizing conditions than previously proposed. Through a series of laser-heated diamond anvil cell experiments at high pressure (350,000 to 700,000 atmospheres of pressure) and temperatures (5,120 to 7,460 degrees Fahrenheit), the team demonstrated that the depletion of siderophile (also known as "iron loving") elements can be produced by core formation under more oxidizing conditions than earlier

159

Core assembly storage structure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A structure for the storage of core assemblies from a liquid metal-cooled nuclear reactor. The structure comprises an enclosed housing having a substantially flat horizontal top plate, a bottom plate and substantially vertical wall members extending therebetween. A plurality of thimble members extend downwardly through the top plate. Each thimble member is closed at its bottom end and has an open end adjacent said top plate. Each thimble member has a length and diameter greater than that of the core assembly to be stored therein. The housing is provided with an inlet duct for the admission of cooling air and an exhaust duct for the discharge of air therefrom, such that when hot core assemblies are placed in the thimbles, the heat generated will by convection cause air to flow from the inlet duct around the thimbles and out the exhaust duct maintaining the core assemblies at a safe temperature without the necessity of auxiliary powered cooling equipment.

Jones, Jr., Charles E. (Northridge, CA); Brunings, Jay E. (Chatsworth, CA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

DEFORMATIONAL KINKS IN BRUCITE AND GYPSUM  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

DEFORMATIONAL KINKS IN BRUCITE AND GYPSUM Francis J. Turner Lionel...CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY DEFORMATIONAL KINKS IN BRUCITE AND GYPSUM. | DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY...cgi/georef/georef;1966012724 brucite Brucite and gypsum crystal structure...

Francis J. Turner; Lionel E. Weiss

1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vortex core deformation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Twist deformation of rotationally invariant quantum mechanics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Noncommutative quantum mechanics in 3D is investigated in the framework of an abelian Drinfeld twist which deforms a given Hopf algebra structure. Composite operators (of coordinates and momenta) entering the Hamiltonian have to be reinterpreted as primitive elements of a dynamical Lie algebra which could be either finite (for the harmonic oscillator) or infinite (in the general case). The deformed brackets of the deformed angular momenta close the so(3) algebra. On the other hand, undeformed rotationally invariant operators can become, under deformation, anomalous (the anomaly vanishes when the deformation parameter goes to zero). The deformed operators, Taylor-expanded in the deformation parameter, can be selected to minimize the anomaly. We present the deformations (and their anomalies) of undeformed rotationally invariant operators corresponding to the harmonic oscillator (quadratic potential), the anharmonic oscillator (quartic potential), and the Coulomb potential.

Chakraborty, B. [S.N. Bose National Center for Basic Sciences, JD Block, Sector III, Salt-Lake, Kolkata-700098 (India); Kuznetsova, Z. [UFABC, Rua Catequese 242, Bairro Jardim, cep 09090-400, Santo Andre (Brazil); Toppan, F. [CBPF, Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud 150, cep 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

162

To mechanics of deformation, flow, and fracture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is stated in the main in essence new approach to mechanics of the stressed state of the solid body from statistically isotropic material and the homogeneous liquid dynamics. The approach essence is in the detected property of the core-shell spontaneous structurization of internal energy of the solid and liquid bodies in its natural state and under action of external forces. The method elements of construction of physically adequate model of the stressed state of the solid and liquid bodies, reproduced exactly its behavior on the stages of elastic and plastic deformation, flow and fracture, are stated. It is adduced a number of the examples of the stressed state construction of the simple form bodies under action of its tension, compression, torsion and at its contact interaction. For the first time it is adduced structure of the principal - normal - stresses in cylindrical bar under action of the torsion moment. The detected property and the developed method is one of necessary bases for construction of physically adequate mathematical model of the stressed state of the body and fluid in contrast to traditional approach.

S. L. Arsenjev

2008-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

163

Quantum mechanical effects from deformation theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We consider deformations of quantum mechanical operators by using the novel construction tool of warped convolutions. The deformation enables us to obtain several quantum mechanical effects where electromagnetic and gravitomagnetic fields play a role. Furthermore, a quantum plane can be defined by using the deformation techniques. This in turn gives an experimentally verifiable effect.

Much, A. [Max-Planck-Institute for Mathematics in the Sciences, 04103 Leipzig, Germany and Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Leipzig, 04009 Leipzig (Germany)] [Max-Planck-Institute for Mathematics in the Sciences, 04103 Leipzig, Germany and Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Leipzig, 04009 Leipzig (Germany)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

164

CubeSat deformable mirror demonstration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The goal of the CubeSat Deformable Mirror Demonstration (DeMi) is to characterize the performance of a small deformable mirror over a year in low-Earth orbit. Small form factor deformable mirrors are a key technology needed ...

Cahoy, Kerri

165

Is inner core seismic anisotropy a marker of plastic flow of cubic iron?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper investigates whether observations of seismic anisotropy are compatible with a cubic structure of the inner core Fe alloy. We assume that anisotropy is the result of plastic deformation within a large scale flow induced by preferred growth at the inner core equator. Based on elastic moduli from the literature, bcc- or fcc-Fe produce seismic anisotropy well below seismic observations ($\\textless{}0.4\\%$). A Monte-Carlo approach allows us to generalize this result to any form of elastic anisotropy in a cubic system. Within our model, inner core global anisotropy is not compatible with a cubic structure of Fe alloy. Hence, if the inner core material is indeed cubic, large scale coherent anisotropic structures, incompatible with plastic deformation induced by large scale flow, must be present.

Lincot, A; Cardin, Philippe

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Vortex-induced vibration of a circular cylinder with combined in-line and cross-flow motion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Deep water, string-like, marine risers subject to strong ocean currents, suffer from vortex-induced vibrations (VIV), where vortex shedding interacts with the structural properties of the riser, resulting in large amplitude ...

Dahl, Jason (Jason Michael)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Plastic Deformations of Carbon Nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Although the elastic properties of a carbon nanotube are nearly independent of wrapping indices, we show that the onset of plastic deformation depends very strongly on the wrapping index. An (n,0) nanotube has an elastic limit nearly twice that of an (n,n) tube with the same radius. Such great variation has important consequences for structural applications of carbon nanotubes. In addition, the remnant bond rotations remaining after strain release strongly affect the electronic structure of the distorted nanotube.

Peihong Zhang; Paul E. Lammert; Vincent H. Crespi

1998-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

168

AO Core Competency Worksheet  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AO Core Competency Worksheet AO Core Competency Worksheet 1 DOE CYBER SECURITY EBK: CORE COMPETENCY TRAINING REQUIREMENTS Key Cyber Security Role: Authorizing Official (AO) Role Definition: The AO is the Senior DOE Management Federal official with the authority to formally assume responsibility and be held fully accountable for operating an information system at an acceptable level of risk. Competency Area: Incident Management Functional Requirement: Manage Competency Definition: Refers to the knowledge and understanding of the processes and procedures required to prevent, detect, investigate, contain, eradicate, and recover from incidents that impact the organizational mission as directed by the DOE Cyber Incident Response Capability (CIRC). Behavioral Outcome: Individuals fulfilling the role of AO will have a working knowledge of policies

169

Earth's Core Hottest Layer  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Earth's Core Hottest Layer Earth's Core Hottest Layer Name: Alfred Status: Grade: 6-8 Location: FL Country: USA Date: Spring 2011 Question: Why is the inner core the hottest layer? How is that possible? Replies: There are two factors causing the center of the Earth hotter than various layers of the Earth's. First, the more dense is the layer. The denser layer, the hotter it will be. In addition, the source of the heating is due to heat produced by nuclear decay. These substances tend to be more dense than lower dense substances. So the source of heat (temperature) is higher, the greater will be the temperature. Having said all that, the reasons are rather more complicated in the "real" Earth. If the inner layers were less dense they would rise (bubble) to the "surface" leaving the inner layers more dense and thus hotter layers.

170

2000 BTS Core Databook  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

0 BTS CORE DATABOOK 0 BTS CORE DATABOOK 2000 BTS CORE DATABOOK OFFICE OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND RENEWABLE ENERGY * U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY This version is dated: August 7, 2000 DISCLAIMER This document was designed for the internal use of the United States Department of Energy. This document was also designed to be occasionally updated and, therefore, this copy may not reflect the most current version. This document was prepared as account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that

171

van Hove singularities and vortex motion in superconductors B. I. Ivlev,1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

´ 78000, Mexico Received 16 February 2001; published 18 June 2001 When vortices move in a type by an electric current, any peculiarity of the vortex radiation friction due to emission of acoustic waves vortices. When a vortex moves under the action of a transport electric current, an electric field

Kunchur, Milind N.

172

Magnetization reversal via single and double vortex states in submicron Permalloy ellipses P. Vavassori,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetization reversal via single and double vortex states in submicron Permalloy ellipses P University, Ithaca, New York, USA Received December 5, 2003; published 3 June 2004 The magnetization reversal of the magnetic field and to occur via the formation of one or two vortices; the one vortex state is nucleated

Metlushko, Vitali

173

Nucleation-controlled vortex entry in a square-columnar Josephson-junction array  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The initial magnetization curve of square-columnar Josephson-junction arrays is calculated from fundamental laws. It is found that the first vortex entry is controlled by vortex nucleation rather than surface depinning and it occurs at a field greater than that predicted by the traditional surface-barrier theory. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

Chen, D.; Moreno, J.J.; Hernando, A. [Instituto de Magnetismo Aplicado, RENFE-UCM-CSIC, 28230 Las Rozas, Madrid (Spain)] [Instituto de Magnetismo Aplicado, RENFE-UCM-CSIC, 28230 Las Rozas, Madrid (Spain)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Modeling bubble-vortex interactions Modeling and simulation of multiple bubble entrainment and interactions with two  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling bubble-vortex interactions Modeling and simulation of multiple bubble entrainment, OR 97331. (Dated: 5 November 2010) 1 #12;Modeling bubble-vortex interactions Simulations of bubble direct numerical simulation whereas motion of subgrid bubbles is modeled using Lagrangian track- ing

Apte, Sourabh V.

175

Generation and Propagation of InertiaGravity Waves from Vortex Dipoles and Jets SHUGUANG WANG*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generation and Propagation of Inertia­Gravity Waves from Vortex Dipoles and Jets SHUGUANG WANG) ABSTRACT This study investigates gravity wave generation and propagation from jets within idealized vortex, geostrophic adjust- ment, and spontaneous generation (Fritts and Alexander 2003, and references therein

176

Hopper Multi-Core FAQ  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hopper Multi-Core FAQ Hopper Multi-Core FAQ Hopper Multi-Core FAQ Q. How is Hopper Different than Franklin? A. The new Hopper Phase-II system will have 24 cores per node. Franklin had only four. Q. What else is different? A. There is less memory per core. Hopper has 1.3 GB / core rather than 2.0 GB / core on Franklin. A code using MPI on Hopper may be more likely to exhaust available memory, causing an error. Additionally, Hopper's memory hierarchy is "deeper" and more non-uniform than Franklin's and this can have a big impact on performance in certain cases. Hopper's 24 cores per node are implemented on two sockets, each containing two six-core dies (see the image below). Each of the six-core dies has direct access to one-quarter of the node's total memory. Thus,

177

TMI-2 core examination  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The examination of the damaged core at the Three Mile Island Unit 2 (TMI-2) reactor is structured to address the following safety issues: fission product release, transport, and deposition; core coolability; containment integrity; and recriticality during severe accidents; as well as zircaloy cladding ballooning and oxidation during so-called design basis accidents. The numbers of TMI-2 components or samples to be examined, the priority of each examination, the safety issue addressed by each examination, the principal examination techniques to be employed, and the data to be obtained and the principal uses of the data are discussed in this paper.

Hobbins, R.R.; MacDonald, P.E.; Owen, D.E.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Stripe Domains and First-Order Phase Transition in the Vortex Matter of Anisotropic High-Temperature Superconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stripe Domains and First-Order Phase Transition in the Vortex Matter of Anisotropic High-Temperature temperature superconductor and reveal a sharp transition in the state of this phase resulting in regular that can subsequently melt at high temperatures to a vortex liquid, a pinned vortex glassy state that can

Alexei, Koshelev

179

Effect of time-dependent piston velocity program on vortex ring formation in a piston/cylinder arrangement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effect of time-dependent piston velocity program on vortex ring formation in a piston An analytical model describing laminar vortex ring formation in a nozzle flow generator piston/ cylinder.1063/1.2188918 I. INTRODUCTION Vortex rings are usually generated in the laboratory by the motion of a piston

Dabiri, John O.

180

arXiv:1206.2498v2[cond-mat.other]19Nov2012 Quantum vortex reconnections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and parts of the initial vortical tubes can be left behind as vortex threads, which then undergo successivearXiv:1206.2498v2[cond-mat.other]19Nov2012 Quantum vortex reconnections S. Zuccher,1 M. Caliari,1 A with time before and after the vor- tex reconnection. We also compute vortex reconnections using the Biot

Caliari, Marco

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vortex core deformation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

The role of boundary conditions in a simple model of incipient vortex breakdown F. Gallaire and J.-M. Chomaz  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. In the labora- tory, it is preferentially studied in vortex tubes, where it is seen in many cases to give riseThe role of boundary conditions in a simple model of incipient vortex breakdown F. Gallaire and J of a hairpin vortex in a shear-thinning fluid governed by a power-law model Phys. Fluids 25, 101703 (2013); 10

Boyer, Edmond

182

Quantum dynamics of a vortex in a Josephson junction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the tunneling character of vortex in an asymmetrical potential well with a finite barrier by using the periodic instanton method. We obtain the total decay rate which is valid for the entire range of temperature and show how it reduces to the appropriate results for the classical thermal activation at high temperatures, the thermally assisted tunneling at intermediate temperatures, and the pure quantum tunneling at low temperature. We can even give the exact definition of the 'crossover' temperature and find experimental data to support our theoretical analysis.

Li Hong; Liu Wuming [Joint Laboratory of Advanced Technology in Measurements, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080 (China); Shen Shunqing [Department of Physics, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong (China); Liang Jiuqing [Institute of Theoretical Physics, Shanxi University, Taiyuan, Shanxi 030006 (China)

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Collective Effects in Vortex Movements in Complex Plasmas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the onset and characteristics of vortices in complex (dusty) plasmas using two-dimensional simulations in a setup modeled after the PK-3 Plus laboratory. A small number of microparticles initially self-arranges in a monolayer around the void. As additional particles are introduced, an extended system of vortices develops due to a nonzero curl of the plasma forces. We demonstrate a shear-thinning effect in the vortices. Velocity structure functions and the energy and enstrophy spectra show that vortex flow turbulence is present that is in essence of the “classical” Kolmogorov type.

Mierk Schwabe, Sergey Zhdanov, Christoph Räth, David B. Graves, Hubertus M. Thomas, and Gregor E. Morfill

2014-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

184

Spontaneous vortex phase and pinning in ferromagnetic-superconducting systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of epsilon10 as a function of rho0lambda for the case when n = 1, lambdaxi = 10,R1 = lambda,R2 = 2lambda and deltam = 10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 ix FIGURE Page 12 A superconducting thin film pierced by a ferromagnetic nano rod of radius R, length L... circle of radius rho0 that depends on the radii and magnetization per unit area of the annulus, and on the SC pene- tration depth lambda. In section five I focus on pinning and spontaneous vortex creation by a ferromagnetic rod which penetrates...

Kayali, Mohammad Amin

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

185

Interaction of Josephson Junction and Distant Vortex in Narrow Thin-Film Superconducting Strips  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The phase difference between the banks of an edge-type planar Josephson junction crossing the narrow thin-film strip depends on wether or not vortices are present in the junction banks. For a vortex close to the junction this effect has been seen by Golod, Rydh, and Krasnov [Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 227003 (2010)], who showed that the vortex may turn the junction into ? type. It is shown here that even if the vortex is far away from the junction, it still changes the 0 junction to a ? junction when situated close to the strip edges. Within the approximation used, the effect is independent of the vortex-junction separation, a manifestation of the topology of the vortex phase which extends to macroscopic distances of superconducting coherence.

Kogan, V. G. [Ames Laboratory; Mints, R. G. [Tel Aviv University

2014-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

186

A two-dimensional deformable phantom for quantitatively verifying deformation algorithms  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: The incorporation of deformable image registration into the treatment planning process is rapidly advancing. For this reason, the methods used to verify the underlying deformation algorithms must evolve equally fast. This manuscript proposes a two-dimensional deformable phantom, which can objectively verify the accuracy of deformation algorithms, as the next step for improving these techniques. Methods: The phantom represents a single plane of the anatomy for a head and neck patient. Inflation of a balloon catheter inside the phantom simulates tumor growth. CT and camera images of the phantom are acquired before and after its deformation. Nonradiopaque markers reside on the surface of the deformable anatomy and are visible through an acrylic plate, which enables an optical camera to measure their positions; thus, establishing the ground-truth deformation. This measured deformation is directly compared to the predictions of deformation algorithms, using several similarity metrics. The ratio of the number of points with more than a 3 mm deformation error over the number that are deformed by more than 3 mm is used for an error metric to evaluate algorithm accuracy. Results: An optical method of characterizing deformation has been successfully demonstrated. For the tests of this method, the balloon catheter deforms 32 out of the 54 surface markers by more than 3 mm. Different deformation errors result from the different similarity metrics. The most accurate deformation predictions had an error of 75%. Conclusions: The results presented here demonstrate the utility of the phantom for objectively verifying deformation algorithms and determining which is the most accurate. They also indicate that the phantom would benefit from more electron density heterogeneity. The reduction of the deformable anatomy to a two-dimensional system allows for the use of nonradiopaque markers, which do not influence deformation algorithms. This is the fundamental advantage of this verification technique.

Kirby, Neil; Chuang, Cynthia; Pouliot, Jean [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143-1708 (United States)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

187

SECA Core Technology Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

January 27 - January 27 - 28, 2005 Workshop Peer Review Rating Results Summary Donald Collins SECA Core January 2005 Workshop Peer Review Summary - DWC,PM-30,3-10-05 2 of 21 Review Process Summary * Core Technology Project Presentations - Project Objectives & Results - Non-proprietary Information - Industry, National Lab & University Participation * Verbal & Written Constructive Comments - Written Comments on Peer Review Forms - Industry Verbal Feedback at Workshop * Core Participant Review & Reply to Comments - Reply to Comment Issues * DOE NETL Redirect Projects as Needed M a t e r i a l s C o n t r o l s & D i a g n o s t i c s P o w e r E le c t r o n ic s F u e l P r o c e s s i n g Manufacturing M o d e li n g & S im u la ti o n SECA Core January 2005 Workshop Peer Review Summary - DWC,PM-30,3-10-05 3 of 21 Peer Review Questions

188

SECA Core Technology Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

May 12 - May 12 - 13, 2004 Workshop Peer Review Rating Results Summary Donald Collins SECA Core May 2004 Workshop Peer Review Summary - DWC,PM-30,5-21-04 2 of 16 Review Process Summary * Core Technology Project Presentations - Project Objectives & Results - Non-proprietary Information - Industry, National Lab & University Participation * Verbal & Written Constructive Comments - Written Comments on Peer Review Forms - Industry Verbal Feedback at Workshop * Core Participant Review & Reply to Comments - Reply to Comment Issues * DOE NETL Redirect Projects as Needed M a t e r i a l s C o n t r o l s & D i a g n o s t i c s P o w e r E le c t r o n ic s F u e l P r o c e s s i n g Manufacturing M o d e li n g & S im u la ti o n SECA Core May 2004 Workshop Peer Review Summary - DWC,PM-30,5-21-04 3 of 16 Peer Review Questions

189

Plan ?: core or cusp?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Article Plan beta: core or cusp? Thomas...Breddels (2013) for a detailed review of the more sophisticated numerical...is available for each star (standard technique). Large data sets...velocity space, we use the standard definition, for the velocity......

Thomas D. Richardson; Douglas Spolyar; Matthew D. Lehnert

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Core competence (knowledge) (skill)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Core competence 8 5~8 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 PPS003 Ver. 1.1 2011/03/07 #12; 2 (knowledge) (skill) (attitude) Set of skill, knowledge or attitude which should be learned or acquired by each, 2000) (knowledge) (skill) (attitude) Set of skill, knowledge or attitude which should be learned

Wu, Yih-Min

191

Dynamics of core accretion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......formation, the accretor is of course a rocky planetary core, on to which gas accretion...both cases, the distributions are nearly flat at large distances (i.e.-R H...the evolution of the simulation, using a safety factor of J- 4. Nevertheless, at time......

Andrew F. Nelson; Maximilian Ruffert

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Dynamics of core accretion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the accretor is of course a rocky planetary core, on to which...the distributions are nearly flat at large distances (i.e...numerically induced collapse through violation of the Jeans criterion (Truelove...of the simulation, using a safety factor of J- 4. Nevertheless......

Andrew F. Nelson; Maximilian Ruffert

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Flexible, liquid core light guide with focusing and light shaping attachments  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A liquid light guide system for ultraviolet light is disclosed that has a light shaping arrangement for the emitted light, a stable liquid core and sheath and reliable and effective end closures. The end closures include a metal crimping arrangement that utilizes two layers of deformable materials to prevent cracking of endplugs.

Wojcik, Randolph Frank (Yorktown, VA); Majewski, Stanislaw (Grafton, VA); Zorn, Carl John (Yorktown, VA); Kross, Brian (Yorktown, VA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Flexible, liquid core light guide with focusing and light shaping attachments  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A liquid light guide system for ultraviolet light is disclosed that has a light shaping arrangement for the emitted light, a stable liquid core and sheath and reliable and effective end closures. The end closures include a metal crimping arrangement that utilizes two layers of deformable materials to prevent cracking of endplugs. 19 figs.

Wojcik, R.F.; Majewski, S.; Zorn, C.J.; Kross, B.

1999-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

195

Formation Flying and Deformable Instruments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Astronomers have always attempted to build very stable instruments. They fight all that can cause mechanical deformation or image motion. This has led to well established technologies (autoguide, active optics, thermal control, tip/tilt correction), as well as observing methods based on the use of controlled motion (scanning, micro scanning, shift and add, chopping and nodding). Formation flying disturbs this practice. It is neither possible to reduce the relative motion to very small amplitudes, nor to control it at will. Some impacts on Simbol-X instrument design, and operation are presented.

Rio, Yvon [CEA/IRFU/Sap, CEA Saclay, 91191 Gif sur Yvette (France)

2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

196

Quantum limits to estimation of photon deformation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We address potential deviations of radiation field from the bosonic behaviour and employ local quantum estimation theory to evaluate the ultimate bounds to precision in the estimation of these deviations using quantum-limited measurements on optical signals. We consider different classes of boson deformation and found that intensity measurement on coherent or thermal states would be suitable for their detection making, at least in principle, tests of boson deformation feasible with current quantum optical technology. On the other hand, we found that the quantum signal-to-noise ratio (QSNR) is vanishing with the deformation itself for all the considered classes of deformations and probe signals, thus making any estimation procedure of photon deformation inherently inefficient. A partial way out is provided by the polynomial dependence of the QSNR on the average number of photon, which suggests that, in principle, it would be possible to detect deformation by intensity measurements on high-energy thermal states.

Giovanni De Cillis; Matteo G. A. Paris

2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

197

Core Holes | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Core Holes Core Holes Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Core Holes Details Activities (8) Areas (7) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Drilling Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Exploration Drilling Parent Exploration Technique: Exploration Drilling Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Core holes are drilled to identify lithology and mineralization Stratigraphic/Structural: Retrieved samples can be used to identify fracture networks or faults Hydrological: Thermal: Thermal conductivity measurements can be done on retrieved samples. Dictionary.png Core Holes: A core hole is a well that is drilled using a hallow drill bit coated with synthetic diamonds for the purposes of extracting whole rock samples from

198

Deformable human body model development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the final report of a three-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). A Deformable Human Body Model (DHBM) capable of simulating a wide variety of deformation interactions between man and his environment has been developed. The model was intended to have applications in automobile safety analysis, soldier survivability studies and assistive technology development for the disabled. To date, we have demonstrated the utility of the DHBM in automobile safety analysis and are currently engaged in discussions with the U.S. military involving two additional applications. More specifically, the DHBM has been incorporated into a Virtual Safety Lab (VSL) for automobile design under contract to General Motors Corporation. Furthermore, we have won $1.8M in funding from the U.S. Army Medical Research and Material Command for development of a noninvasive intracranial pressure measurement system. The proposed research makes use of the detailed head model that is a component of the DHBM; the project duration is three years. In addition, we have been contacted by the Air Force Armstrong Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory concerning possible use of the DHBM in analyzing the loads and injury potential to pilots upon ejection from military aircraft. Current discussions with Armstrong involve possible LANL participation in a comparison between DHBM and the Air Force Articulated Total Body (ATB) model that is the current military standard.

Wray, W.O.; Aida, T.

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Cryogenic wavefront correction using membrane deformable mirrors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Micro-machined membrane deformable mirrors (MMDMs) are being evaluated for their suitability as wavefront correctors at cryogenic temperatures. Presented here are experimental...

Dyson, Harold; Sharples, Ray; Dipper, N; Vdovin, Gleb

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Earth tides, earthquake occurrence and earth deformation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??An analysis of Earth deformation, earthquakes and tides has been undertaken using Earth tide and interferometric SAR data from ESA satellites. The ability of Earth… (more)

Kansowa, Tarek

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vortex core deformation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Origami-enabled deformable silicon solar cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Deformable electronics have found various applications and elastomeric materials have been widely used to reach flexibility and stretchability. In this Letter, we report an alternative approach to enable deformability through origami. In this approach, the deformability is achieved through folding and unfolding at the creases while the functional devices do not experience strain. We have demonstrated an example of origami-enabled silicon solar cells and showed that this solar cell can reach up to 644% areal compactness while maintaining reasonable good performance upon cyclic folding/unfolding. This approach opens an alternative direction of producing flexible, stretchable, and deformable electronics.

Tang, Rui; Huang, Hai; Liang, Hanshuang; Liang, Mengbing [School of Electrical, Computer and Energy Engineering, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287 (United States); Tu, Hongen; Xu, Yong [Electrical and Computer Engineering, Wayne State University, 5050 Anthony Wayne Dr., Detroit, Michigan 48202 (United States); Song, Zeming; Jiang, Hanqing, E-mail: hanqing.jiang@asu.edu [School for Engineering of Matter, Transport and Energy, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287 (United States); Yu, Hongyu, E-mail: hongyu.yu@asu.edu [School of Electrical, Computer and Energy Engineering, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287 (United States); School of Earth and Space Exploration, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287 (United States)

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

202

Random center vortex lines in continuous 3D space-time  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a model of center vortices, represented by closed random lines in continuous 2+1- dimensional space- time. These random lines are modeled as being piece-wise linear and an ensemble is generated by Monte Carlo methods. The physical space in which the vortex lines are defined is a cuboid with periodic boundary conditions. Besides moving, growing and shrinking of the vortex configuration, also reconnections are allowed. Our ensemble therefore contains not a fixed, but a variable number of closed vortex lines. This is expected to be important for realizing the deconfining phase transition. Using the model, we study both vortex percolation and the potential V (R) between quark and anti-quark as a function of distance R at different vortex densities, vortex segment lengths, reconnection conditions and at different temperatures. We have found three deconfinement phase transitions, as a function of density, as a function of vortex segment length, and as a function of temperature. The model reproduces the qualitative features of confinement physics seen in SU(2) Yang-Mills theory.

Roman Höllwieser; Derar Altarawneh; Michael Engelhardt

2014-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

203

Core Measure Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Core Measure Core Measure Results FY 07 Results FY 08 Results FY 09 Results FY 10 Target FY 10 Customer Perspective: Customer Satisfaction: -Timeliness NM 81 NM NM NM -Quality NM 90 NM NM NM Effective Service Partnership: -Extent of Customer Satisfaction with the responsiveness, etc. NM 87 NM NM NM Internal Business Perspective: Acquisition Excellence: -Extent to which internal quality control systems are effective 86 87 84 87 88 Most Effective Use of Contracting Approaches to Maximize Efficiency and Cost Effectiveness: Use of Electronic Commerce: - % of delivery & purchase orders issued electronically as a % of total simplified actions 70 72 89 99 100 - % of new competitive transactions > $100K conducted through EC 70 72 91 100 95 Performance Based Service Contracts: - PBSCs awarded as a % of eligible new

204

Banded electromagnetic stator core  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A stator core for an electromagnetic pump includes a plurality of circumferentially adjoining groups of flat laminations disposed about a common centerline axis and collectively defining a central bore and a discontinuous outer perimeter, with adjacent groups diverging radially outwardly to form V-shaped gaps. An annular band surrounds the groups and is predeterminedly tensioned to clamp together the laminations, and has a predetermined flexibility in a radial direction to form substantially straight bridge sections between the adjacent groups.

Fanning, Alan W. (San Jose, CA); Gonzales, Aaron A. (San Jose, CA); Patel, Mahadeo R. (San Jose, CA); Olich, Eugene E. (Aptos, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Banded electromagnetic stator core  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A stator core for an electromagnetic pump includes a plurality of circumferentially adjoining groups of flat laminations disposed about a common centerline axis and collectively defining a central bore and a discontinuous outer perimeter, with adjacent groups diverging radially outwardly to form V-shaped gaps. An annular band surrounds the groups and is predeterminedly tensioned to clamp together the laminations, and has a predetermined flexibility in a radial direction to form substantially straight bridge sections between the adjacent groups.

Fanning, Alan W. (San Jose, CA); Gonzales, Aaron A. (San Jose, CA); Patel, Mahadeo R. (San Jose, CA); Olich, Eugene E. (Aptos, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Variable depth core sampler  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A variable depth core sampler apparatus comprising a first circular hole saw member, having longitudinal sections that collapses to form a point and capture a sample, and a second circular hole saw member residing inside said first hole saw member to support the longitudinal sections of said first hole saw member and prevent them from collapsing to form a point. The second hole saw member may be raised and lowered inside said first hole saw member.

Bourgeois, Peter M. (Hamburg, NY); Reger, Robert J. (Grand Island, NY)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Electromagnetic pump stator core  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A stator core for supporting an electrical coil includes a plurality of groups of circumferentially abutting flat laminations which collectively form a bore and perimeter. A plurality of wedges are interposed between the groups, with each wedge having an inner edge and a thicker outer edge. The wedge outer edges abut adjacent ones of the groups to provide a continuous path around the perimeter. 21 figures.

Fanning, A.W.; Olich, E.E.; Dahl, L.R.

1995-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

208

Banded electromagnetic stator core  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A stator core for an electromagnetic pump includes a plurality of circumferentially adjoining groups of flat laminations disposed about a common centerline axis and collectively defining a central bore and a discontinuous outer perimeter, with adjacent groups diverging radially outwardly to form V-shaped gaps. An annular band surrounds the groups and is predeterminedly tensioned to clamp together the laminations, and has a predetermined flexibility in a radial direction to form substantially straight bridge sections between the adjacent groups. 5 figs.

Fanning, A.W.; Gonzales, A.A.; Patel, M.R.; Olich, E.E.

1996-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

209

Banded electromagnetic stator core  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A stator core for an electromagnetic pump includes a plurality of circumferentially adjoining groups of flat laminations disposed about a common centerline axis and collectively defining a central bore and a discontinuous outer perimeter, with adjacent groups diverging radially outwardly to form V-shaped gaps. An annular band surrounds the groups and is predeterminedly tensioned to clamp together the laminations, and has a predetermined flexibility in a radial direction to form substantially straight bridge sections between the adjacent groups. 5 figures.

Fanning, A.W.; Gonzales, A.A.; Patel, M.R.; Olich, E.E.

1994-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

210

Variable depth core sampler  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A variable depth core sampler apparatus is described comprising a first circular hole saw member, having longitudinal sections that collapses to form a point and capture a sample, and a second circular hole saw member residing inside said first hole saw member to support the longitudinal sections of said first hole saw member and prevent them from collapsing to form a point. The second hole saw member may be raised and lowered inside said first hole saw member. 7 figs.

Bourgeois, P.M.; Reger, R.J.

1996-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

211

Core Analysis | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Core Analysis Core Analysis Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Core Analysis Details Activities (41) Areas (28) Regions (2) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Lab Analysis Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Rock Lab Analysis Parent Exploration Technique: Rock Lab Analysis Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Core analysis is done to define lithology. Stratigraphic/Structural: Core analysis can locate faults or fracture networks. Oriented core can give additional important information on anisotropy. Hydrological: Thermal: Thermal conductivity can be measured from core samples. Cost Information Low-End Estimate (USD): 2,000.00200,000 centUSD 2 kUSD 0.002 MUSD 2.0e-6 TUSD / 30 foot core Median Estimate (USD): 10,000.001,000,000 centUSD

212

Topics in Noncommutative Gauge Theories and Deformed Relativistic Theories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This is my PhD thesis. In this thesis we study the gauge theories on noncommutative Moyal space. We find new static solitons and instantons in terms of the so called generalized Bose operators. Generalized Bose operators are constructed to describe reducible representation of the oscillator algebra. They create/annihilate $k$-quanta, $k$ being a positive integer. We start with giving an alternative description to the already found static magnetic flux tube solutions of the noncommutative gauge theories in terms of generalized Bose operators. The Nielsen-Olesen vortex solutions found in terms of these operators reduce to the already found ones. On the contrary we find a class of new instaton solutions which are unitarily inequivalant to the the ones found from ADHM construction on noncommutative space. The charge of the instaton has a description in terms of the index representing the reducibility of the Fock space, i.e., $k$. After studying the static solitonic solutions in noncommutative Minkowski space and the instaton solutions in noncommutative Euclidean space we go on to study the implications of the time-space noncommutativity in Minkowski space. To understand it properly we study the time-dependent transitions of a forced harmonic oscillator in noncommutative 1+1 dimensional spacetime. We also try to understand the implications of the found results in the context of quantum optics. We then shift to the so called DSR theories which are related to a different kind of noncommutative ($\\kappa$-Minkowski) space. DSR (Doubly/Deformed Special Relativity) aims to search for an alternate relativistic theory which keeps a length/energy scale (the Planck scale) and a velocity scale (the speed of light scale) invariant. We study thermodynamics of an ideal gas in such a scenario.

Nitin Chandra

2013-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

213

FEM Analysis ofFEM Analysis of Deformation and Fracture ofDeformation and Fracture of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FEM Analysis ofFEM Analysis of Deformation and Fracture ofDeformation and Fracture of Deformation and Fracture in Polycrystalline -TiAl + 2-Ti3Al Single Crystals #12;Use of -TiAl + 2-Ti3Al Alloys-Temperature Ductility ·Low Ambient-Temperature Fracture Toughness (KIC

Grujicic, Mica

214

Vortex and gap generation in gauge models of graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effective quantum field theoretical continuum models for graphene are investigated. The models include a complex scalar field and a vector gauge field. Different gauge theories are considered and their gap patterns for the scalar, vector, and fermion excitations are investigated. Different gauge groups lead to different relations between the gaps, which can be used to experimentally distinguish the gauge theories. In this class of models the fermionic gap is a dynamic quantity. The finite-energy vortex solutions of the gauge models have the flux of the "magnetic field" quantized, making the Bohm-Aharonov effect active even when external electromagnetic fields are absent. The flux comes proportional to the scalar field angular momentum quantum number. The zero modes of the Dirac equation show that the gauge models considered here are compatible with fractionalization.

O. Oliveira; C. E. Cordeiro; A. Delfino; W. de Paula; T. Frederico

2010-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

215

Numerical approach to the nuclear deformation energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A numerical method close to the Strutinsky procedure (but better) is proposed to calculate the deformation energy of nuclei. Quadrupole (triaxial) deformations are considered. Theoretical as well as practical aspects of the method are reviewed in this paper. A complete fortran program illustrates the feasibility of the method.

B. Mohammed-Azizi

2010-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

216

Local Energy Gap in Deformed Carbon Nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Local Energy Gap in Deformed Carbon Nanotubes Ken-ichi Sasaki 1 *) Yoshiyuki...gap along the axis of a deformed nanotube. We compare our energy gap results...experimental data on energy gaps in nanotubes and peapods. We also discuss the......

Ken-ichi Sasaki; Yoshiyuki Kawazoe; Riichiro Saito

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Core Competency Worksheets for Significant Cybersecurity Roles...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Core Competency Worksheets for Significant Cybersecurity Roles Core Competency Worksheets for Significant Cybersecurity Roles The OCIO has developed core competency worksheets for...

218

2001 BTS Core Databook  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

1 BTS CORE 1 BTS CORE DATABOOK OFFICE OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND RENEWABLE ENERGY U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY This version is dated: November 30, 2001 REVISED data tables on the web site that have been changed since November 30, 2001 include tables: 5.6.7 5.6.8 5.6.9 5.10.8 5.10.9 5.10.10 5.10.11 5.10.12 5.10.13 5.10.14 5.10.15 5.10.16 5.10.17 5.10.18 NEW data tables on the web site that have been added since July 13, 2001 include tables: 5.6.14 5.9.7 5.9.8 5.9.9 REVISED data tables on the web site that have been changed since July 13, 2001 include tables: 4.1.1 4.1.2 4.1.4 4.1.5 4.2.1 4.2.2 4.2.3 4.2.4 4.2.5 4.2.9 4.3.1 4.3.2 4.3.3 4.3.4 4.5.1 4.5.2 4.5.3 5.1.2 5.3.1 5.8.1 5.10.1 6.2.4 7.1.8 7.3.3 These tables are not included in this version of the 2001 BTS Core Databook. DISCLAIMER DISCLAIMER DISCLAIMER DISCLAIMER

219

Yang-Baxter deformations and rack cohomology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Every rack $Q$ provides a set-theoretic solution $c_Q$ of the Yang-Baxter equation. This article examines the deformation theory of $c_Q$ within the space of Yang-Baxter operators over a ring $\\A$, a problem initiated by Freyd and Yetter in 1989. As our main result we classify deformations in the modular case, which had previously been left in suspense, and establish that every deformation of $c_Q$ is gauge-equivalent to a quasi-diagonal one. Stated informally, in a quasi-diagonal deformation only behaviourally equivalent elements interact. In the extreme case, where all elements of $Q$ are behaviourally distinct, Yang-Baxter cohomology thus collapses to its diagonal part, which we identify with rack cohomology. The latter has been intensively studied in recent years and, in the modular case, is known to produce non-trivial and topologically interesting Yang-Baxter deformations.

Eisermann, Michael

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Clustering and Triaxial Deformations of $^{40}$Ca  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have studied the positive-parity states of $^{40}$Ca using antisymmetrized molecular dynamics (AMD) and the generator coordinate method (GCM). Imposing two different kinds of constraints on the variational calculation, we have found various kinds of $^{40}{\\rm Ca}$ structures such as a deformed-shell structure, as well as $\\alpha$-$^{36}$Ar and $^{12}$C-$^{28}$Si cluster structures. After the GCM calculation, we obtained a normal-deformed band and a superdeformed band together with their side bands associated with triaxial deformation. The calculated $B(E2)$ values agreed well with empirical data. It was also found that the normal-deformed and superdeformed bands have a non-negligible $\\alpha$-$^{36}$Ar cluster component and $^{12}$C-$^{28}$Si cluster component, respectively. This leads to the presence of an $\\alpha$-$^{36}$Ar higher-nodal band occurring above the normal-deformed band.

Yasutaka Taniguchi; Masaaki Kimura; Yoshiko Kanada-En'yo; Hisashi Horiuchi

2007-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vortex core deformation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Constitutive relationships for elastic deformation of clay rock: Data Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Geological repositories have been considered a feasible option worldwide for storing high-level nuclear waste. Clay rock is one of the rock types under consideration for such purposes, because of its favorable features to prevent radionuclide transport from the repository. Coupled hydromechanical processes have an important impact on the performance of a clay repository, and establishing constitutive relationships for modeling such processes are essential. In this study, we propose several constitutive relationships for elastic deformation in indurated clay rocks based on three recently developed concepts. First, when applying Hooke's law in clay rocks, true strain (rock volume change divided by the current rock volume), rather than engineering strain (rock volume change divided by unstressed rock volume), should be used, except when the degree of deformation is very small. In the latter case, the two strains will be practically identical. Second, because of its inherent heterogeneity, clay rock can be divided into two parts, a hard part and a soft part, with the hard part subject to a relatively small degree of deformation compared with the soft part. Third, for swelling rock like clay, effective stress needs to be generalized to include an additional term resulting from the swelling process. To evaluate our theoretical development, we analyze uniaxial test data for core samples of Opalinus clay and laboratory measurements of single fractures within macro-cracked Callovo-Oxfordian argillite samples subject to both confinement and water reduced swelling. The results from this evaluation indicate that our constitutive relationships can adequately represent the data and explain the related observations.

Liu, H.H.; Rutqvist, J.; Birkholzer, J.T.

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

222

Core-tube data logger  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wireline core drilling, increasingly used for geothermal exploration, employs a core-tube to capture a rock core sample during drilling. Three types of core-tube data loggers (CTDL) have been built and tested to date by Sandia national Laboratories. They are: (1) temperature-only logger, (2) temperature/inclinometer logger and (3) heat-shielded temperature/inclinometer logger. All were tested during core drilling operations using standard wireline diamond core drilling equipment. While these tools are designed for core-tube deployment, the tool lends itself to be adapted to other drilling modes and equipment. Topics covered in this paper include: (1) description on how the CTDLs are implemented, (2) the components of the system, (3) the type of data one can expect from this type of tool, (4) lessons learned, (5) comparison to its counterpart and (6) future work.

Henfling, J.A.; Normann, R.A.; Knudsen, S.; Drumheller, D.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

CFD Numerical Simulation of Vortex-Induced Vibration of a Stay Cable under a Wind Profile  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

VIV (Vortex-induced vibration) of a stay cable subjected to a wind profile is numerically simulated through combining CFD ... numerical model. Under a profile of mean wind speed, unsteady aerodynamic lift coeffic...

Wenli Chen; Hui Li

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Optimal Excitation of Asymmetric Perturbations on an Axisymmetric Barotropic Vortex: A linear Singular Value Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Singular vectors on a barotropic circular vortex consisting of three regions of piecewise-constant vorticity are investigated under the L2-norm to reveal the shape and growth rate of possible perturbations that may contribute to the formation of ...

Toshihisa Itano

225

Dynamical mass of a quantum vortex in a Josephson junction array  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The real-time response to a small external perturbation of a vortex in a quantum Josephson junction array, with long-range Coulomb interaction between Cooper pairs, is analyzed. While the static damping is zero for vortex velocities below some threshold value v{sub th} (which implies the possibility of ballistic motion), a dynamical friction due to the coupling to the plasma oscillations is always present for frequencies higher than a given threshold {omega}{sub th}. The latter approaches zero when the velocity increases to v{sub th}. However, radiative dissipation of the vortex affects the threshold for ballistic motion. We discuss the conditions under which a mass can be defined for the vortex as a quantum particle. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

Eckern, U. [Institut fuer Physik, Universitaet Augsburg, D-86135 Augsburg (Germany)] [Institut fuer Physik, Universitaet Augsburg, D-86135 Augsburg (Germany); Luciano, G.; Tagliacozzo, A. [Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Universita di Napoli, Mostra dOltremare Pad. 19, I-80125 Napoli (Italy)] [Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Universita di Napoli, Mostra dOltremare Pad. 19, I-80125 Napoli (Italy); [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica della Materia (INFM), I-16152 Genova (Italy)

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

E-Print Network 3.0 - axially-symmetric cyclonic vortex Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

> >> 1 1 APRIL 2002 1213W A N G 2002 American Meteorological Society Summary: and wind fields of the vortex Rossby waves are quasi-balanced, with confluent cyclonic (divergent... ,...

227

Ultraviolet vortex generation using periodically bonded ?-BaB2O4 device  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes the first demonstration of ultraviolet (266nm) vortex generation using the combination of a frequency-doubled nanosecond green laser, a spiral phase plate, and a...

Sasaki, Yuta; Koyama, Mio; Miyamoto, Katsuhiko; Ariga, Yoshimi; Onda, Tomomi; Shoji, Ichiro; Omatsu, Takashige

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Vortex-Induced Vibration of a slender horizontal cylinder in currents and waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vortex-Induced Vibration (VIV) is a concern when dealing with slender, flexible structural members of deepwater platforms. While much is known about the characteristics of VIV in uniform and sheared current flows, very little is known about...

Chitwood, James Scott

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

229

Application of fiber Bragg grating based strain sensor in pipeline vortex-induced vibration measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The vortex-induced vibrations (VIV) is an important topic of ... of different methods have been applied to the measurement of VIV, especially for the elongated, ... in stainless steel tubes were applied to the measurement

Liang Ren; ZiGuang Jia; Michael Siu Chun Ho…

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

The Roles of Vortex Rossby Waves in Hurricane Secondary Eyewall Formation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A high-resolution, full-physics model initiated with an idealized tropical cyclone–like vortex is used to simulate and investigate the secondary eyewall formation. The beta skirt axisymmetrization (BSA) hypothesis previously proposed is examined ...

Xin Qiu; Zhe-Min Tan; Qingnong Xiao

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Vortex life cycles in two-and three-layer quasi-geostrophic models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coherent vortices and their properties were studied in two- and three-layer quasi-geostrophic beta-plane turbulence. Much research has discussed vortex characteristics in a number of applications, but no significant study of vortices in turbulent...

Fox, Amanda Katherine

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

232

Vortex Induced Vibrations of cylinders : experiments in reducing drag force and amplitude of motion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reducing the deleterious effect of Vortex Induced Vibrations (VIV) in marine risers is an important task for ocean engineers; and many competing factors exist in the design of VIV suppression devices. This thesis explores ...

Farrell, David Emmanuel

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Effects of trailing edge flap dynamic deployment on blade-vortex interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A theoretical and experimental investigation is undertaken to determine the effects of an actively deployable trailing edge flap on the disturbances created during blade-vortex interactions (BVI). The theoretical model consists of an unsteady panel...

Nelson, Carter T.

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

234

Steady-state and equilibrium vortex configurations, transitions, and evolution in a mesoscopic superconducting cylinder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that the system passes through nearly metastable intermediate configurations while seeking the final minimum-energy steady state consistent with the square symmetry of the sample. An efficient scheme to determine the equilibrium vortex configuration in a...

Kim, S.; Hu, Chia-Ren; Andrews, MJ.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

An adaptive mesh method for the simulation of Blade Vortex Interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An adaptive mesh method for the simulation of parallel ics. Blade Vortex Interaction (BV1) with an active Trailing Edge Flap (TEF) is presented. The two-dimensional 1111-steady problem is solved by a higher order upwind Euler method...

Kim, Kyu-Sup

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

236

MEC E 638 VORTEX FLOWS Winter 2014 LARGE-SCALE STRUCTURES IN TURBULENCE PROF L. SIGURDSON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to find the characteristic vortex structures; to read the literature, nomenclature, terminology. TOPICS: Professor Lorenz Sigurdson, 5-1B Mech Eng Bldg, lorenz@ualberta.ca, http://websrv.mece.ualberta.ca/intranet

Flynn, Morris R.

237

Visualization of Intricate Flow Structures for Vortex Breakdown Analysis Xavier Tricoche  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hansen University of Utah Figure 1: Vortex breakdown bubble in numerical simulation of a cylindrical to study their impact on flight stability. Yet, to fully exploit the huge amount of information contained

Utah, University of

238

Annular Vortex Generation for Inertial Fusion Energy Beam-Line Protection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of swirling annular vortex flow inside beam entrance tubes can protect beam-line structural materials in chambers for heavy-ion inertial fusion energy (IFE) applications. An annular wall jet, or vortex tube, is generated by injecting liquid tangent to the inner surface of a tube wall with both axially and azimuthally directed velocity components. A layer of liquid then lines the beam tube wall, which may improve the effectiveness of neutron shielding, and condenses and removes vaporized coolant that may enter the beam tubes. Vortex tubes have been constructed and tested with a thickness of three-tenths the pipe radius. Analysis of the flow is given, along with experimental examples of vortex tube fluid mechanics and an estimate of the layer thickness, based on simple mass conservation considerations.

Pemberton, Steven J.; Abbott, Ryan P.; Peterson, Per F. [University of California (United States)

2003-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

239

High-frequency vortex dynamics and dissipation of high-temperature superconductors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The high-frequency vortex dynamics of high-temperature superconductors near the flux-line depinning threshold is investigated based on a thermally activated flux-flow (TAFF) model. Dissipation due to vortex motion driven by a microwave electromagnetic field is studied as a function of the frequency, temperature, dc magnetic field, and microwave power. The generalized TAFF model is also compared to the conventional flux-creep theory and is found qualitatively consistent.

N.-C. Yeh

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Effect of a surface boundary layer on an intensifying, downward-propagating vortex  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFFECT OF A SURFACE BOUNDARY LAYER ON AN INTENSIFYING, DOWNWARD-PROPAGATING VORTEX A Thesis by VINCENT TUNSTALL WOOD Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 1977 Major Subject: Meteorology EFFECT OF A SURFACE BOUNDARY LAYER ON AN INTENSIFYING, DOWNWARD-PROPAGATING VORTEX A Thesis by VINCENT TUNSTALL WOOD Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) (Head of Department...

Wood, Vincent Tunstall

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vortex core deformation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Explicit mean-field radius for nearly parallel vortex filaments in statistical equilibrium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geophysical research has focused on flows, such as ocean currents, as two dimensional. Two dimensional point or blob vortex models have the advantage of having a Hamiltonian, whereas 3D vortex filament or tube systems do not necessarily have one, although they do have action functionals. On the other hand, certain classes of 3D vortex models called nearly parallel vortex filament models do have a Hamiltonian and are more accurate descriptions of geophysical and atmospheric flows than purely 2D models, especially at smaller scales. In these ``quasi-2D'' models we replace 2D point vortices with vortex filaments that are very straight and nearly parallel but have Brownian variations along their lengths due to local self-induction. When very straight, quasi-2D filaments are expected to have virtually the same planar density distributions as 2D models. An open problem is when quasi-2D model statistics behave differently than those of the related 2D system and how this difference is manifested. In this paper we study the nearly parallel vortex filament model of Klein, Majda, Damodaran in statistical equilibrium. We are able to obtain a free-energy functional for the system in a non-extensive thermodynamic limit that is a function of the mean square vortex position $R^2$ and solve \\emph{explicitly} for $R^2$. Such an explicit formula has never been obtained for a non-2D model. We compare the results of our formula to a 2-D formula of \\cite{Lim:2005} and show qualitatively different behavior even when we disallow vortex braiding. We further confirm our results using Path Integral Monte Carlo (Ceperley (1995)) \\emph{without} permutations and that the Klein, Majda, Damodaran model's asymptotic assumptions \\emph{are valid} for parameters where these deviations occur.

Timothy D. Andersen; Chjan C. Lim

2006-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

242

Core stress distribution of phase shifting multimode polymer optical fiber  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Poly-(methyl methacrylate-co-benzyl methacrylate) polarization-maintaining optical fibers are known for their high response to normal stress. In this report, responses to higher stress levels up to 0.45?MPa were investigated. The stress amplitude and direction in the fiber cross section were calculated and analyzed with a coincident mode-field obtained from the near-field pattern. The stress amplitude varies significantly in the horizontal direction and is considered to create multiple phases, explaining the measurement results. To investigate possible permanent deformation, the core yield point profile was analyzed. Although it largely exceeds the average applied stress, the calculated stress distribution indicates that the core could partially experience stress that exceeds the yield point.

Furukawa, Rei, E-mail: furukawa@ee.uec.ac.jp; Matsuura, Motoharu [Center for Frontier Science and Engineering, The University of Electro-Communications, Chofugaoka 1-5-1, Chofu, Tokyo 182-8585 (Japan)] [Center for Frontier Science and Engineering, The University of Electro-Communications, Chofugaoka 1-5-1, Chofu, Tokyo 182-8585 (Japan); Nagata, Morio; Mishima, Kenji [Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology, The University of Tokyo, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8904 (Japan)] [Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology, The University of Tokyo, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8904 (Japan); Inoue, Azusa; Tagaya, Akihiro; Koike, Yasuhiro [Keio Photonics Research Institute, Keio University, Saiwaiku Shinkawasaki 7-1, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 212-0032 (Japan)] [Keio Photonics Research Institute, Keio University, Saiwaiku Shinkawasaki 7-1, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 212-0032 (Japan)

2013-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

243

Minor Groove Deformability of DNA: A Molecular Dynamics Free...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Minor Groove Deformability of DNA: A Molecular Dynamics Free EnergySimulation Study. Minor Groove Deformability of DNA: A Molecular Dynamics Free EnergySimulation Study. Abstract:...

244

First Generation Advanced High-Strength Steels Deformation Fundamental...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Deformation Fundamentals First Generation Advanced High-Strength Steels Deformation Fundamentals 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program...

245

Dynamic core length in saturated core fault current limiters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A saturated core fault current limiter (SCFCL) is a non-linear core-reactor where the core is saturated by an external superconducting DC bias source to achieve a low core permeability at nominal AC currents. Fault current levels in the AC coils de-saturate the core and transform it to a higher permeability state, hence limiting the fault current. In this work we describe the transition between saturated and de-saturated states in three SCFCL configurations. The 'effective core length', Leff, of the SCFCL, defined as the length of the de-saturated AC core limb, is introduced for exploring this transition as a function of the current, I, in the AC coil. Practically, Leff allows one to see the SCFCL as an inductor with a variable core length, allowing calculations of the impedance of the SCFCL over the whole range of operating currents. The Leff(I) curve is further used to calculate the dynamics of the demagnetization factor in a SCFCL. We show that the strong change in the magnetic induction of a SCFCL at high current is the result of both increasing the effective core length and decreasing the demagnetization factor. The method and results presented here serve as an important tool for comparing between various SCFCL concepts not only by comparing their impedance values at the extreme fault and nominal current conditions but also by providing an insight into the full de-saturation process.

Y Nikulshin; Y Wolfus; A Friedman; Y Yeshurun

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Postearthquake deformation analysis of wildlife site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Postearthquake deformations of the Wildlife site, Imperial Valley, Calif., following the 1987 Superstition Hills earthquake, have been interpreted by finite-element deformation analyses. The analyses consider the stress redistribution and reconsolidation caused by the development of liquefaction. The stress redistribution analysis was conducted under fully undrained condition to consider the effects of strain-softening behavior of liquefied materials. The reconsolidation analysis was conducted using Biot's theory to consider the effects of dissipation of excess pore-water pressures. The results reveal that the delayed pore-water pressure response and deformation may be due to the redistribution of stresses and pore-water pressures.

Gu, W.H. (EBA Engineering, Edmonton, Alberta (Canada)); Morgenstern, N.R.; Robertson, P.K. (Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta (Canada). Dept. of Civil Engineering)

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Characterizations of severely deformed and annealed copper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

microstructures for different processing routes. After recrystallization heat treatment, the nucleation of new grains from heavily deformed material was found to occur along sites with heavy distortions. Nucleation sites for recrystallized grains start in shear...

Haouaoui, Mohammed

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Probing deformed commutators with macroscopic harmonic oscillators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A minimal observable length is a common feature of theories that aim to merge quantum physics and gravity. Quantum mechanically, this concept is associated to a nonzero minimal uncertainty in position measurements, which is encoded in deformed commutation relations. In spite of increasing theoretical interest, the subject suffers from the complete lack of dedicated experiments and bounds to the deformation parameters are roughly extrapolated from indirect measurements. As recently proposed, low-energy mechanical oscillators could allow to reveal the effect of a modified commutator. Here we analyze the free evolution of high quality factor micro- and nano-oscillators, spanning a wide range of masses around the Planck mass $m_{\\mathrm{P}}$ (${\\approx 22\\,\\mu\\mathrm{g}}$), and compare it with a model of deformed dynamics. Previous limits to the parameters quantifying the commutator deformation are substantially lowered.

Mateusz Bawaj; Ciro Biancofiore; Michele Bonaldi; Federica Bonfigli; Antonio Borrielli; Giovanni Di Giuseppe; Lorenzo Marconi; Francesco Marino; Riccardo Natali; Antonio Pontin; Giovanni A. Prodi; Enrico Serra; David Vitali; Francesco Marin

2014-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

249

Probing deformed commutators with macroscopic harmonic oscillators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A minimal observable length is a common feature of theories that aim to merge quantum physics and gravity. Quantum mechanically, this concept is associated to a nonzero minimal uncertainty in position measurements, which is encoded in deformed commutation relations. In spite of increasing theoretical interest, the subject suffers from the complete lack of dedicated experiments and bounds to the deformation parameters are roughly extrapolated from indirect measurements. As recently proposed, low-energy mechanical oscillators could allow to reveal the effect of a modified commutator. Here we analyze the free evolution of high quality factor micro- and nano-oscillators, spanning a wide range of masses around the Planck mass $m_{\\mathrm{P}}$ (${\\approx 22\\,\\mu\\mathrm{g}}$), and compare it with a model of deformed dynamics. Previous limits to the parameters quantifying the commutator deformation are substantially lowered.

Bawaj, Mateusz; Bonaldi, Michele; Bonfigli, Federica; Borrielli, Antonio; Di Giuseppe, Giovanni; Marconi, Lorenzo; Marino, Francesco; Natali, Riccardo; Pontin, Antonio; Prodi, Giovanni A; Serra, Enrico; Vitali, David; Marin, Francesco

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

A COGNITIVE COMPENSATION MECHANSIM FOR DEFORMABLE ANTENNAS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents the design, theory, and measurement of a linearly polarized microstrip patch antenna with a novel substrate-integrated mechanism that can compensate the detuning effects from a physical deformation. Specifically, this antenna...

Long, Stephen A.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

251

Arbitrary cutting of deformable tetrahedralized objects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose a flexible geometric algorithm for placing arbitrary cracks and incisions on tetrahedralized deformable objects. Although techniques based on remeshing can also accommodate arbitrary fracture patterns, this flexibility comes at the risk of ...

Eftychios Sifakis; Kevin G. Der; Ronald Fedkiw

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Maps between Deformed and Ordinary Gauge Fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we introduce a map between the q-deformed gauge fields defined on the GL$_{q}(N) $-covariant quantum hyperplane and the ordinary gauge fields. Perturbative analysis of the q-deformed QED at the classical level is presented and gauge fixing $\\grave{a} $ la BRST is discussed. An other star product defined on the hybrid $(q,h) $% -plane is explicitly constructed .

L. Mesref

2005-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

253

Deformable mirror for short wavelength applications  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A deformable mirror compatible with short wavelength (extreme ultraviolet) radiation that can be precisely controlled to nanometer and subnanometer accuracy is described. Actuators are coupled between a reaction plate and a face plate which has a reflective coating. A control system adjusts the voltage supplied to the actuators; by coordinating the voltages supplied to the actuators, the reflective surface of the mirror can be deformed to correct for dimensional errors in the mirror or to produce a desired contour.

Chapman, Henry N. (2417 Kilkare Rd., Sunol, CA 94586); Sweeney, Donald W. (5020 Canyon Crest Dr., San Ramon, CA 94583)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Deformation of C15 Laves phase alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Details of the structure and previous work on the deformation of C Laves phases are reviewed. The phase diagram of the Hf-V-Nb system, some metallurgical and physical properties, mechanical behavior, and the deformation mechanisms of HfV{sub 2}+Nb (CI5 HfV{sub 2}+Nb and V-rich bcc solution) are presented based on our previous work. Theoretical approaches to understanding the results of these studies are discussed.

Chu, F.; Pope, D.P.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

255

Deformable Mirror Materials Issue Assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It was a pleasure to speak with you and Dr. Olivier Guyon about your project to develop a coronagraph and in particular about materials science considerations in the development of the deformable mirror (DM) for the coronagraph. The coronagraph application will demand more of a DM than previous applications with regard to precision, and since the characterization and modeling tools are currently under development, you asked me to comment on materials issues that might impact the DM design and testing. I have not conducted research on this question, and my own research on modeling MEMS has not included DM systems. I am only in a position to discuss some general considerations that may help in developing a research plan for the DM system. As I understand it, the relevant points about the DM system are as follows. The DM surface needs to be positioned to less than 1 {angstrom} RMS of the desired shape, and be stable to 0.3 {angstrom} RMS for an hour. In the ultimate application in space the stability requirements may be greater. For example, the DM shape can be set using a bright star and then allow the coronagraph to be turned to a dim star to collect data for several hours, counting on the mirror shape to be stable. The DM is made of a polysilicon membrane coated with one or more metal layers for the reflective surface and actuated by 32x32 or 64x64 electrostatic actuators on the back side. The uncertainty in the position of any one actuator should be at the few-picometer level or less averaged over the 300-{micro}m region of the actuator. Currently, experiments are conducted that can characterize the surface shape to the 1 nm level, and it is anticipated that the experiments will be able to characterize the shape at the sub-Angstrom level but not in the immediate future. Regarding stability, under relatively large deformations (10's of nm), the DM mirror surface shows no hysteresis at the measurable nm level. Let me begin by saying that I am not aware of any article in the literature that directly assesses surface position stability at the sub-Angstrom level across 100's of microns of surface. Interferometry is typically used for precise metrology over areas this large, but not typically at the sub-Angstrom level. For the purpose of these comments, I assume that it will be possible to measure the precision of the mirror shape and stability at the requisite sub-Angstrom level at some point during the coronagraph development using interferometers or some other high-precision metrology technique. The hope is that the comments at this point may identify some potential issues that can be resolved early in the development to avoid costly surprises in the later stages.

Rudd, R E

2008-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

256

Numerical simulation of a viscous vortex ring interaction with a density interface  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When a vortex-dominated flow interacts with a sharp density interface, the dynamics are characterized by the interaction of baroclinically generated vorticity with the already existing vorticity field. This can be seen in many natural and technology settings; examples are the interaction of a ship or submarine wake with a thermocline, the collision of a buoyant thermal with a temperature inversion, and the interaction of a vortex flow with a flame front. This problem also serves as a generic model for turbulent mixing and entrainment processes across sharp density interfaces. The interaction between vortices and a free surface, with corresponds to the case where the density jump is very large, has been studied fairly extensively, both experimentally and computationally. By comparison, the literature for the more general case of vortex pairs and rings interacting with sharp density interfaces is relatively sparse. Experiments and numerical studies have been performed, but the numerical simulations were confined primarily to vortex pairs, restricted to the inviscid case, and the effect of density variation modeled under the Boussinesq approximation. The experiments were also confined to the Boussinesq regime. In this paper, we study the motion of a vortex ring in a sharply stratified, viscous fluid via a numerical solution of the full Navier-Stokes equations with finite-amplitude density variation. both Boussinesq and non-Boussinesq flow regimes will be studied, the effect of viscosity on the interaction will be examined, and three-dimensional aspects of the motion will be addressed, such as Widnall instability of the vortex ring and vortex reconnection at the interface.

Marcus, D.L.; Bell, J.B.

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Magnetorotational instability, current relaxation, and current-vortex sheet  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The conjugate effect of current relaxation and of current-vortex sheet formation on the magnetorotational instability is explored in a conducting fluid. It is found that the relative amplification of the magnetic viscosity from marginal stability to the instability determined by the maximum growth rate is around 924% when resistive effects dominate, while the corresponding quantity is around 220% in the ideal limit. This shows that the conjugate influence is much more efficient to amplify the magnetic viscosity than just the effect due to the standard magnetic tension. It is also found that the magnitude of the magnetic viscosity is effectively enhanced by the conjugate influence. The results presented here may contribute to the understanding of the various processes that play a significant role in the mechanism of anomalous viscosity observed in Keplerian disks. It is argued that the new effect shall be relevant in thin accretion disks. It is also mentioned that the proposed formulation may be of interest for some theories of magnetic reconnection. Possible extensions of this work are suggested.

Silveira, F. E. M. [Centro de Ciências Naturais e Humanas, Universidade Federal do ABC, Rua Santa Adélia, 166, CEP 09210-170, Bairro Bangu, Santo André, SP (Brazil)] [Centro de Ciências Naturais e Humanas, Universidade Federal do ABC, Rua Santa Adélia, 166, CEP 09210-170, Bairro Bangu, Santo André, SP (Brazil); Galvão, R. M. O. [Instituto de Física, Universidade de São Paulo, Rua do Matão, Travessa R, 187, CEP 05508-090, Cidade Universitária, São Paulo, SP (Brazil)] [Instituto de Física, Universidade de São Paulo, Rua do Matão, Travessa R, 187, CEP 05508-090, Cidade Universitária, São Paulo, SP (Brazil)

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

258

Vortex Dynamics for the Ginzburg-Landau-Schrödinger Equation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The initial value problem for the Ginzburg-Landau-Schr\\"odinger equation is examined in the $\\epsilon \\rightarrow 0$ limit under two main assumptions on the initial data $\\phi^\\epsilon$. The first assumption is that $\\phi^\\epsilon$ exhibits $m$ distinct vortices of degree $\\pm 1$; these are described as points of concentration of the Jacobian $[J\\phi^\\epsilon]$ of $\\phi^\\epsilon$. Second, we assume energy bounds consistent with vortices at the points of concentration. Under these assumptions, we identify ``vortex structures'' in the $\\epsilon \\rightarrow 0$ limit of $\\phi^\\epsilon$ and show that these structures persist in the solution $u^\\epsilon(t)$ of $GLS_\\epsilon$. We derive ordinary differential equations which govern the motion of the vortices in the $\\epsilon \\rightarrow 0$ limit. The limiting system of ordinary differential equations is a Hamitonian flow governed by the renormalized energy of Bethuel, Brezis and H\\'elein. Our arguments rely on results about the structural stability of vortices which are proved in a separate paper.

James Ellis Colliander; Robert L. Jerrard

1997-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

259

Influence of plastic deformation on bimaterial fault rupture directivity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Influence of plastic deformation on bimaterial fault rupture directivity Nora DeDontney,1 Elizabeth of the role of the stress state on the distribution of plastic deformation and the direction of preferred in determining the location of plastic deformation. For different orientations, plastic deformation can

Dmowska, Renata

260

Microsoft Word - IronCore  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

November/December 2013 November/December 2013 Percolation Explains How Earth's Iron Core Formed The formation of Earth's metallic core, which makes up a third of our planet's mass, represents the most significant differentiation event in Earth's history. Earth's present layered structure with a metallic core and an overlying silicate mantle would have required mechanisms to separate iron alloy from a silicate phase. Percolation of liquid iron alloy moving through a solid silicate matrix (much as water percolates through porous rock, or even coffee grinds) has been proposed as a possible model for core formation (Figure 1). Many previous experimental results have ruled out percolation as a major core formation mechanism for Earth at the relatively lower pressure conditions in the upper mantle, but

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vortex core deformation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Increasing liquid hydrocarbon recovery from natural gas: Evaluation of the vortex-tube device  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The vortex-tube device provides a useful addition to the range of equipment available to the gas industry. It has been shown that the use of vortex-tube equipment permits improved separation in comparison with a Joule-Thomson system, without entering into the cost and complexity of a true isentropic system such as a turbo-expander unit. The comparative advantage of the vortex tube depends upon the inlet conditions of the gas and the pressure drop that is available. An optimum pressure drop of 25--35% of the inlet gas pressure has been confirmed in practice. Although not yet tested on operating plant, it is expected that a loss of performance of vortex-tube units will occur for inlet liquid-to-gas ratios of greater than 20%. Units with up to 5% liquid at the inlet have been successfully operated showing that a single phase gas at the unit inlet is not essential. It is expected that future application of vortex tube units will be concentrated where performance improvements over Joule-Thomson units, at low capital cost, are required.

Hajdik, B. [CBS Engineering, Houston, TX (United States); Steinle, J. [BEB Erdoel and Erdgas GmbH, Hannover (Germany); Lorey, M. [Filtan Analgenbau GmbH, Langenselbold (Germany); Thomas, K. [Falk and Thomas Engineering GmbH, Wettenberg (Germany)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

262

Effects of Combustion-Induced Vortex Breakdown on Flashback Limits of Syngas-Fueled Gas Turbine Combustors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Turbine combustors of advanced power systems have goals to achieve very low pollutants emissions, fuel variability, and fuel flexibility. Future generation gas turbine combustors should tolerate fuel compositions ranging from natural gas to a broad range of syngas without sacrificing operational advantages and low emission characteristics. Additionally, current designs of advanced turbine combustors use various degrees of swirl and lean premixing for stabilizing flames and controlling high temperature NOx formation zones. However, issues of fuel variability and NOx control through premixing also bring a number of concerns, especially combustor flashback and flame blowout. Flashback is a combustion condition at which the flame propagates upstream against the gas stream into the burner tube. Flashback is a critical issue for premixed combustor designs, because it not only causes serious hardware damages but also increases pollutant emissions. In swirl stabilized lean premixed turbine combustors onset of flashback may occur due to (i) boundary layer flame propagation (critical velocity gradient), (ii) turbulent flame propagation in core flow, (iii) combustion instabilities, and (iv) upstream flame propagation induced by combustion induced vortex breakdown (CIVB). Flashback due to first two foregoing mechanisms is a topic of classical interest and has been studied extensively. Generally, analytical theories and experimental determinations of laminar and turbulent burning velocities model these mechanisms with sufficient precision for design usages. However, the swirling flow complicates the flashback processes in premixed combustions and the first two mechanisms inadequately describe the flashback propensity of most practical combustor designs. The presence of hydrogen in syngas significantly increases the potential for flashback. Due to high laminar burning velocity and low lean flammability limit, hydrogen tends to shift the combustor operating conditions towards flashback regime. Even a small amount of hydrogen in a fuel blend triggers the onset of flashback by altering the kinetics and thermophysical characteristics of the mixture. Additionally, the presence of hydrogen in the fuel mixture modifies the response of the flame to the global effects of stretch and preferential diffusion. Despite its immense importance in fuel flexible combustor design, little is known about the magnitude of fuel effects on CIVB induced flashback mechanism. Hence, this project investigates the effects of syngas compositions on flashback resulting from combustion induced vortex breakdown. The project uses controlled experiments and parametric modeling to understand the velocity field and flame interaction leading to CIVB driven flashback.

Ahsan Choudhuri

2011-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

263

Joule heating induced by vortex motion in a type-II superconductor Z. L. Xiao and E. Y. Andrei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Joule heating induced by vortex motion in a type-II superconductor Z. L. Xiao and E. Y. Andrei-II superconductor due to Joule heating induced by vortex motion. The effect of Joule heating is detected s duration, where the Joule heating is negligible and saturates, respectively. The thermometry is based

Andrei, Eva Y.

264

Method for the assessment of airborne off-target pesticide spray concentrations due to aircraft wing-tip vortex  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that spherical spray droplets are transported by a two dimensional parametric representation of a spray-engulfing aircraft wing-tip vortex pair. Two distinctive flow regions were considered for the spray-vortex dynamics. The first occurs in the vicinity...

Oliva, Sergio Eduardo

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

265

Counter-rotating vortex patches in shear: a model of the effect of wind shear on aircraft trailing vortices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...significantly a following passenger-containing aircraft and cause an accident. For example, the vortex wake of a Boeing 747 can rotate a Boeing 737 through 45 . This problem is called the trailing-vortex hazard, and since the trailing vortices can...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Slowing of vortex rings by development of Kelvin waves Robert E. Hershberger, Diogo Bolster, and Russell J. Donnelly*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of existence, their duration a problem of stability and if there are several we have a problem of vortex mecha- nism is that the bubble loses impulse as the radius of the ring grows due to viscous decay of circulation 6 . A further theory suggests that the vortex bubble the ambient fluid car- ried along

Bolster, Diogo

267

Observation of Hybrid Soliton Vortex-Ring Structures in Bose-Einstein Condensates Naomi S. Ginsberg,1,* Joachim Brand,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Einstein condensates. We examine both their creation via soliton-vortex collisions and their subsequent development into vortex rings (VRs) [7,8] via the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili, or ``snake,'' instability [9]. In this Letter frequencies !z 2 21 Hz and !x !y 3:0!z in our 4-Dee magnetic trap [14]. We work at temperatures well below

Hau, Lene Vestergaard

268

Reduction of vortex induced forces and motion through surface roughness control  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Roughness is added to the surface of a bluff body in a relative motion with respect to a fluid. The amount, size, and distribution of roughness on the body surface is controlled passively or actively to modify the flow around the body and subsequently the Vortex Induced Forces and Motion (VIFM). The added roughness, when designed and implemented appropriately, affects in a predetermined way the boundary layer, the separation of the boundary layer, the level of turbulence, the wake, the drag and lift forces, and consequently the Vortex Induced Motion (VIM), and the fluid-structure interaction. The goal of surface roughness control is to decrease/suppress Vortex Induced Forces and Motion. Suppression is required when fluid-structure interaction becomes destructive as in VIM of flexible cylinders or rigid cylinders on elastic support, such as underwater pipelines, marine risers, tubes in heat exchangers, nuclear fuel rods, cooling towers, SPAR offshore platforms.

Bernitsas, Michael M; Raghavan, Kamaldev

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Experimental study of vortex generators effects on low Reynolds number airfoils in turbulent flow  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the present work, we study the aerodynamic effects of triangular vortex generators, as passive flow control devices, placed on the upper surface of an airfoil submitted to a low Reynolds number turbulent flow. In the experiments, different configurations of those devices have been studied. An Eppler 387 airfoil was used. The tests were performed in a turbulent boundary layer wind tunnel using a two component aerodynamic balance and flow visualisation systems. Turbulent flow characterisation was made by means of hot wire anemometry. Calculations of local turbulent intensity as well as temporal and spatial turbulent scales were made. Vortex generators were located at 10% and 20% of the airfoil chord from the leading edge, modifying its angle of incidence refereed to the free stream. The results show changes in the aerodynamic section coefficients, C1, Cd and C1, for the different vortex generator configurations. Neither hysteresis effects, nor leading edge bubbles were found in the experiments.

Juan Sebastián Delnero; Julio Marañon Di Leo; Mauricio Ezequiel Camocardi; Mariano A. Martinez; Jorge L. Colman Lerner

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Novel vortex dynamics in untwinned YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-{delta}} single crystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Magnetotransport measurements on a clean, untwinned YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7{minus}{delta}} single crystal show that the vortex dynamics at temperatures just below the vortex lattice melting transition are highly dependent on the type of modulation of the probing current. While in the case of DC current the flux flow is disordered, the {open_quotes}shaking{close_quotes} of the vortex lattice by a square-wave current leads to a more uniform vortex motion. A small asymmetry ({approximately}10%) in the durations of the positive and negative parts of the square-wave period induces periodical oscillations of the voltage response amplitude. The period of oscillations ({approximately}100 s) is the same order of magnitude as the time needed for vortices to cross the sample (transit time). The authors relate the observed voltage oscillations to a periodically ordered vortex motion.

Gordeev, S.N.; Oussena, M.; Pinfold, S.; Langan, R.M. [Univ. of Southampton (United Kingdom)] [and others

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Quantum reference frames and deformed symmetries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the context of constrained quantum mechanics, reference systems are used to construct relational observables that are invariant under the action of the symmetry group. Upon measurement of a relational observable, the reference system undergoes an unavoidable measurement 'back-action' that modifies its properties. In a quantum-gravitational setting, it has been argued that such a back-action may produce effects that are described at an effective level as a form of deformed (or doubly) special relativity. We examine this possibility using a simple constrained system that has been extensively studied in the context of quantum information. While our conclusions support the idea of a symmetry deformation, they also reveal a host of other effects that may be relevant to the context of quantum gravity, and could potentially conceal the symmetry deformation.

Girelli, Florian [SISSA, Via Beirut 2-4, 34014 Trieste (Italy) and INFN, Sezione di Trieste, Trieste (Italy); Poulin, David [Center for the Physics of Information, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

272

Quantum reference frames and deformed symmetries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the context of constrained quantum mechanics, reference systems are used to construct relational observables that are invariant under the action of the symmetry group. Upon measurement of a relational observable, the reference system undergoes an unavoidable measurement “back-action” that modifies its properties. In a quantum-gravitational setting, it has been argued that such a back-action may produce effects that are described at an effective level as a form of deformed (or doubly) special relativity. We examine this possibility using a simple constrained system that has been extensively studied in the context of quantum information. While our conclusions support the idea of a symmetry deformation, they also reveal a host of other effects that may be relevant to the context of quantum gravity, and could potentially conceal the symmetry deformation.

Florian Girelli and David Poulin

2008-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

273

Decoherence of spin-deformed bosonic model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The decoherence rate and some parameters affecting it are investigated for the generalized spin-boson model. We consider the spin-bosonic model when the bosonic environment is modeled by the deformed harmonic oscillators. We show that the state of the environment approaches a non-linear coherent state. Then, we obtain the decoherence rate of a two-level system which is in contact with a deformed bosonic environment which is either in thermal equilibrium or in the ground state. By using some recent realization of f-deformed oscillators, we show that some physical parameters strongly affect the decoherence rate of a two-level system. -- Highlights: •Decoherence of the generalized spin-boson model is considered. •In this model the environment consists of f-oscillators. •Via the interaction, the state of the environment approaches non-linear coherent states. •Effective parameters on decoherence are considered.

Dehdashti, Sh., E-mail: shahram.dehdashti@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Isfahan, Hezar Jerib St., Isfahan 81746-73441 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Mahdifar, A., E-mail: mahdifar_a@sci.sku.ac.ir [Science Department, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Bagheri Harouni, M., E-mail: m-bagheri@phys.ui.ac.ir [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Isfahan, Hezar Jerib St., Isfahan 81746-73441 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Quantum Optics Group, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Isfahan, HezarJerib St., Isfahan 81746-73441 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Roknizadeh, R., E-mail: rokni@sci.ui.ac.ir [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Isfahan, Hezar Jerib St., Isfahan 81746-73441 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Quantum Optics Group, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Isfahan, HezarJerib St., Isfahan 81746-73441 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

274

Phase-locking of driven vortex lattices with transverse ac force and periodic pinning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For a vortex lattice moving in a periodic array we show analytically and numerically that a new type of phase locking occurs in the presence of a longitudinal dc driving force and a transverse ac driving force. This phase locking is distinct from the Shapiro step phase locking found with longitudinal ac drives. We show that an increase in critical current and a fundamental phase-locked step width scale with the square of the driving ac amplitude. Our results should carry over to other systems such as vortex motion in Josephson-junction arrays.

Reichhardt, Charles; Kolton, Alejandro B.; Dominguez, Daniel; Gronbech-Jensen, Niels

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Low-temperature vortex dynamics in a high-temperature superconductor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Magnetic-field gradients in the mixed state of a type-II superconductor are studied using Tl205 nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) on Tl2Ba2Ca2Cu3O10+?. An anomalous peak was observed in the temperature dependence of the transverse relaxation rate at T/Tc?0.25. We attribute this behavior to magnetic-field flucutations from vortex dynamics. We interpret this behavior as a crossover of the principal time scale for vortex dynamics with that of the NMR experiment, approximately 100 ?s. The temperature dependence of this time scale is discussed.

Y.-Q. Song; S. Tripp; W. P. Halperin; L. Tonge; T. J. Marks

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

The effects of a jet on vortex breakdown over a sharp leading-edge delta wing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE EFFECTS OF A JET ON VORTEX BREAKDOWN OVER A SHARP LEADING-EDGE DELTA WING A Thesis Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1985... Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering THE EFFECTS OF A JET ON VORTEX BREAKDOWN OVER A SHARP LEADING-EDGE DELTA WING A Thesis by IAN KENNETH MAYNARD Approved as to style and content by: Cyrus Ostowar (Chairman of Committee) Stan J Miley (M er...

Maynard, Ian Kenneth

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

277

Dynamic switching of the circulation in tapered magnetic nanodisks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

spin structure of magnetic vortex cores. Science 298, 577 (Magnetic vortex core observation in circular dots of permalloy. Science

Uhlir, V.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Plastic Deformation of 2D Crumpled Wires  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When a single long piece of elastic wire is injected trough channels into a confining two-dimensional cavity, a complex structure of hierarchical loops is formed. In the limit of maximum packing density, these structures are described by several scaling laws. In this paper it is investigated this packing process but using plastic wires which give origin to completely irreversible structures of different morphology. In particular, it is studied experimentally the plastic deformation from circular to oblate configurations of crumpled wires, obtained by the application of an axial strain. Among other things, it is shown that in spite of plasticity, irreversibility, and very large deformations, scaling is still observed.

M A F Gomes; V P Brito; A S O Coelho; C C Donato

2008-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

279

Alkali solution treatment on sandstone cores  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was used for filtering the solution before the injection into the core. Hassler-t e Core Holder A stainless steel core holder was used to hold the core for treatment with the solutions. The core sample was positioned in the center of the core holder... and heat the water in the flask. Electric Heatin Ta e A silicone rubber embedded flexible heating tape was used to wrap the core holder to heat the core sample to the desired temperature. The maximum 0 continuous operating temperature of the tape...

Lee, Suk Jin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

280

PLASTIC DEFORMATION OF CRYSTALS: ANALYTICAL AND COMPUTER SIMULATION STUDIES OF DISLOCATION GLIDE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Rate Processes in Plastic Deformation of Materials, J. C.PLASTIC DEFORMATION OF CRYSTALS: ANALYTICAL AND COMPUTERCAPTIONS FIGURES - iii - PLASTIC DEFORMATION OF CRYSTALS:

Altintas, Sabri

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vortex core deformation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Deformable geometry design with controlled mechanical property based on 3D printing.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Deformable products exist broadly in different industries. These deformable products undergo deformation to achieve specific mechanical properties. Custom made insoles are applied to redistribute plantar… (more)

Li, Yongqiang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Gardner's deformations of the Boussinesq equations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using the algebraic method of Gardner's deformations for completely integrable systems, we construct recurrence relations for densities of the Hamiltonians for the Boussinesq and the Kaup–Boussinesq equations. By extending the Magri schemes for these equations, we obtain new integrable systems adjoint with respect to the initial ones and describe their Hamiltonian structures and symmetry properties.

Atalay Karasu; Arthemy V Kiselev

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Ice deformation near SHEBA R. W. Lindsay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the vicinity of the Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic Ocean (SHEBA) ice camp that is suitable for forcing factor for regional heat fluxes, ice growth and melt rates, and ice strength [Maykut, 1982Ice deformation near SHEBA R. W. Lindsay Polar Science Center, University of Washington, Seattle

Lindsay, Ron

284

Experimental deformation of natural and synthetic dolomite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Natural and hot isostatically pressed dolomite aggregates were experimentally deformed at effective pressures of Pe = 50 ?? 400 MPa, temperatures of 400 ?? 850??C, and strain rates of ?& = 1.2x10-4 s-1 to 1.2x10-7 s-1. Coarse- and fine...

Davis, Nathan Ernest

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Earth science: Radon and rock deformation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... crustal deformation. This ‘unproven’ category includes the well-documented precursory decrease and increase of radon concentration before the 1978 Izu-Oshima earthquake in Japan (Fig. 1), as well ... local electric field. Trique et al. now report that various phenomena — bursts of radon gas, changes of electric potential, and departures of ground tilt from that predicted on ...

Evelyn Roeloffs

1999-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

286

Tropical cyclone genesis efficiency: mid-level versus bottom vortex Xuyang Ge and Tim Li  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;4 1. Introduction Tropical cyclone (TC) genesis is the least understood phase in a TC life cycle is cyclogenesis in an environment with a mid-level vortex (EMV). An analysis of the WNP TC genesis in 2000 the QuikSCAT-derived surface wind observations, there was no sign

Li, Tim

287

Cherenkov resonances in vortex dissipation in superconductors B. I. Ivlev and S. Mejia-Rosales  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Mexico M. N. Kunchur Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South-two superconductors the magnetic flux is carried by vortices. If the transport electric current greatly exceeds in the crystal the dissipa- tion increases due to Cherenkov emission of sound waves. Each moving vortex creates

Kunchur, Milind N.

288

DETECTION OF VORTEX TUBES IN SOLAR GRANULATION FROM OBSERVATIONS WITH SUNRISE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have investigated a time series of continuum intensity maps and corresponding Dopplergrams of granulation in a very quiet solar region at the disk center, recorded with the Imaging Magnetograph eXperiment (IMaX) on board the balloon-borne solar observatory SUNRISE. We find that granules frequently show substructure in the form of lanes composed of a leading bright rim and a trailing dark edge, which move together from the boundary of a granule into the granule itself. We find strikingly similar events in synthesized intensity maps from an ab initio numerical simulation of solar surface convection. From cross sections through the computational domain of the simulation, we conclude that these granular lanes are the visible signature of (horizontally oriented) vortex tubes. The characteristic optical appearance of vortex tubes at the solar surface is explained. We propose that the observed vortex tubes may represent only the large-scale end of a hierarchy of vortex tubes existing near the solar surface.

Steiner, O.; Franz, M.; Bello Gonzalez, N.; Nutto, Ch.; Rezaei, R.; Schmidt, W. [Kiepenheuer-Institut fuer Sonnenphysik, Schoeneckstrasse 6, 79104 Freiburg (Germany); Martinez Pillet, V.; Bonet Navarro, J. A. [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, 38200, La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Del Toro Iniesta, J. C. [Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia (CSIC), Apdo. de Correos 3004, 18080 Granada (Spain); Domingo, V. [Grupo de Astronomia y Ciencias del Espacio, Universidad de Valencia, 46980 Paterna, Valencia (Spain); Solanki, S. K.; Barthol, P.; Gandorfer, A. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Sonnensystemforschung, 37191 Katlenburg-Lindau (Germany); Knoelker, M., E-mail: steiner@kis.uni-freiburg.d [High Altitude Observatory, National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), Boulder, CO 80307-3000 (United States)

2010-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

289

ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, VOL. 27, NO. 2, 2010, 243252 Mesoscale Barotropic Instability of Vortex Rossby  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, VOL. 27, NO. 2, 2010, 243­252 Mesoscale Barotropic Instability of Vortex Rossby Waves in Tropical Cyclones ZHONG Wei1 ( Í), LU Han-Cheng1 (ö ), and Da-Lin ZHANG2 1 Institute of Meteorology, PLA University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 211101 2 Department

Zhang, Da-Lin

290

Sediment resuspension and erosion by vortex rings R. J. Munro,1,a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sediment resuspension and erosion by vortex rings R. J. Munro,1,a N. Bethke,2 and S. B. Dalziel2 1; accepted 26 January 2009; published online 8 April 2009 Particle resuspension and erosion induced-ring propagation speed. The critical conditions for resuspension whereby particles are only just resuspended were

Dalziel, Stuart

291

Particle resuspension by an impacting vortex ring RICK J. MUNRO & STUART B. DALZIEL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Particle resuspension by an impacting vortex ring RICK J. MUNRO & STUART B. DALZIEL Department results from a set of visualization experiments conducted to analyse the hydrodynamic resuspension of particles from a thick horizontal sediment layer. The mechanism employed to produce the resuspension

Dalziel, Stuart

292

Resuspension onset and crater erosion by a vortex ring interacting with a particle layer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents results from an experimental investigation of the interaction of a vortex ring with a particle layer. The flowdynamics during the onset of particle resuspension are analysed using particle image velocimetry while a light attenuation method provides accurate measurements of the final eroded crater shape. This work is a continuation of the research described in R. J. Munro N. Bethke and S. B. Dalziel “Sediment resuspension and erosion by vortex rings ” Phys. Fluids21 046601 (2009)10.1063/1.3083318 which focussed on the general resuspension onset dynamics and initial crater formation. Here we analyse the velocity induced by the vortex ring on the particle layer surface during the resuspension of particles for different particle sizes and the shape and size of the final craters that are formed by the impact of the vortex ring. We find that the boundary condition is characterised by a quasi-slip velocity at the particle layer surface independent of the particle size. The particle diameter and thus bed permeability is found to have a significant effect on the final crater characteristics.

N. Bethke; S. B. Dalziel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Resuspension onset and crater erosion by a vortex ring interacting with a particle layer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Resuspension onset and crater erosion by a vortex ring interacting with a particle layer N. Bethke://pof.aip.org/features/most_downloaded Information for Authors: http://pof.aip.org/authors #12;PHYSICS OF FLUIDS 24, 063301 (2012) Resuspension onset layer. The flow dynamics during the onset of particle resuspension are analysed using particle image

Dalziel, Stuart

294

Tip Vortex Field Resolution Using an Adaptive Dual-Mesh Computational Nathan Hariharan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the aforementioned unsteady, vortical fields. 1. Introduction 1.1 Background Vortical wakes introduce important AMR in an unstructured Euler solver. Potsdam[3] also applied unstructured AMR to wind turbine wake1 Tip Vortex Field Resolution Using an Adaptive Dual-Mesh Computational Paradigm Nathan Hariharan

Steffen, Michael

295

First-order disorder-driven transition and inverse melting of the vortex lattice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

`inverse' melting behavior. � 2001 Published by Elsevier Science B.V. Keywords: Type-II superconductivity-order transition (FOT) [1±5] whereas at low temperatures the ordered vortex lattice transforms into a disordered open questions in the phase diagram of HTS is the thermodynamic nature of the disorder-dri- ven

Zeldov, Eli

296

Computational Analysis of a Tip Vortex Structure Shed from a Bioinspired Blade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

design for this purpose. Different rotor blade designs and relevant insect wings are under study Computational Analysis of a Tip Vortex Structure Shed from a Bioinspired Blade Sebastian was generated with SolidWorks CAD software from measurements performed on a wing sample obtained from

Maccabe, Barney

297

VIVDR -Vortex-induced vibration data repository An overview of available riser datasets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VIVDR - Vortex-induced vibration data repository An overview of available riser datasets http://oe.mit.edu/VIV H. Mukundan and M. Triantafyllou 20 April 2008 #12;NDP 38m long riser model datasets #12;33 q Rig q Tension applied through spring-supported clump weights NDP 38m long riser model datasets

298

2094 OPTICS LETTERS / Vol. 28, No. 21 / November 1, 2003 Fundamental and vortex solitons in a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2094 OPTICS LETTERS / Vol. 28, No. 21 / November 1, 2003 Fundamental and vortex solitons in a two-dimensional optical lattice Jianke Yang Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Vermont, Burlington-dimensional optically induced waveguide array are reported. In the strong localization regime the fundamental soliton

Yang, Jianke

299

Effect of asymmetric axial strain on the behavior of the juncture vortex system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The objective of this research was to investigate the behavior of the vortex formed in a wing-body juncture in a water tunnel flow. The wing-body juncture was created by mounting a symmetrical airfoil with an elliptical leading edge normal to a flat...

Trosper, Jeffrey Randall

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

300

Nanogenerator as an active sensor for vortex capture and ambient wind-velocity detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and mechanical (wind, water flow, vibration, friction and body movement) energies are common in the ambientNanogenerator as an active sensor for vortex capture and ambient wind-velocity detection Rui Zhang principle, ambient wind-speed measurements with the NG are demonstrated. Due to the simple structure, high

Wang, Zhong L.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vortex core deformation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Effects of subsurface fracture interactions on surface deformation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Although the surface deformation resulting from the opening of a single fracture in a layered elastic half-space resembles the observed deformation at the InSalah site, it seems unlikely that only a single fracture is ...

Jerry, Ruel (Ruel Valentine)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Hot deformation behavior of Hastelly C276 superalloy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hot tensile behavior of C276 superalloy was studied in the deformation temperature range of 650–750 °C with the strain rate range of 0.35–35 mm/s. The results show that deformation temperature and strain rate both have significant influence on the flow stress. The flow stress decreases with the increase of deformation temperature, while increases with the increase of strain rate. The deformation of C276 superalloy exhibits dynamic recovery feature in the case of deformation temperature of 700 °C. However, when the deformation temperature increases to 750 °C, dynamic recrystallization behavior may occur. The flow stress of C276 alloy during hot deformation process can be characterized by Zener-Hollomon parameter including the Arrhenius term and the deformation activation energy is 327.66 kJ/mol. Therefore, a scientific basis is provided for the reasonable choice of processing parameters of C276 superalloy.

Yan-ling LU; Jin-xi LIU; Xiao-ke LI; Jian-ping LIANG; Zhi-jun LI; Guan-yuan WU; Xing-tai ZHOU

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Core Values | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Core Values Core Values Core Values People - People are our most important resource. We respect and use our experience and skills and appreciate our diversity. Business Excellence - We are fiscally responsible and actively pursue best business practices. Safety - We protect our human and material resources and promote safe work practices within the office and at our sites. Communication - We take full advantage of our virtual organization's strengths and share information freely across all levels of the organization. Leadership and Teamwork - We encourage leadership and teamwork at all levels of the organization. We value active participation and demonstrate respect for each other. Customer Service - We openly communicate with all our customers in a timely manner and actively seek opportunities to improve our services.

304

Organic experiences: (re)shaping interactions with deformable displays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Display technology developments mean the next generation of visual output devices will extend beyond the rigid, flat surfaces with which we are familiar to those that the user or the machine can deform. These will allow users to physically push, pull, ... Keywords: deformable displays, machine-initiated shape change, organic user experience, organic user interfaces, user-deformation

Jason Alexander; Ryan Brotman; David Holman; Audrey Younkin; Roel Vertegaal; Johan Kildal; Andrés A. Lucero; Anne Roudaut; Sriram Subramanian

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

An interactive deformation technique with triangles and distance functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

stiA' or rigid models can be made to look Fig. 15. Four triangle deformers used together in 3D. organic. Figure 16 is a fairly complicated 3D model of a castle. After deformation, the castle looks organic and elastic. Deformation can breathe life...

Palmer, James Dean

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

306

Definition: Core Analysis | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Core Analysis Core Analysis Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Core Analysis Core samples are obtained from drilling a well, typically using a synthetic diamond coated bit that has a hollow center so cylindrical rock samples ("core") can be extracted. Core samples successfully recovered are visually inspected to determine rock type, mineralization, and fracture networks, then certain laboratory analyses may ensue to acquire detailed rock properties. View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A core sample is a cylindrical section of (usually) a naturally occurring substance. Most core samples are obtained by drilling with special drills into the substance, for example sediment or rock, with a hollow steel tube called a core drill. The hole made for the core sample is

307

Multi-core Performance Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

core Performance Analysis core Performance Analysis HPC Computation 1 Performance Analysis * Compiler Feedback * HWPC Data * Load Balance 2 Compiler Feedback * Before optimizing code, it's critical to know what the compiler does to your code - Loop optimizations - Vectorization - Prefetching - ... * Equally important to what the compiler does is what it doesn't do, and why - Data dependencies - Misplaced branches - Unknown loop counts - ... 3 Enabling Compiler Feedback * Portland Group - Minfo=all - Mneginfo - Minfo=ccff (Common Compiler Feedback Format) * Cray - rm (Fortran) - hlist=m (C/C++) * Intel - vec-report1 * Pathscale - LNO:simd_verbose=ON:vintr_verbose=ON:prefetch_v erbose=ON * GNU - ftree-vectorizer-verbose=1

308

Large core fiber optic cleaver  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention relates to a device and method for cleaving optical fibers which yields cleaved optical fiber ends possessing high damage threshold surfaces. The device can be used to cleave optical fibers with core diameters greater than 400 {micro}m. 30 figs.

Halpin, J.M.

1996-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

309

Stellar core collapse and supernova  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Massive stars that end their stable evolution as their iron cores collapse to a neutron star or black hole long been considered good candidates for producing Type II supernovae. For many years the outward propagation of the shock wave produced by the bounce of these iron cores has been studied as a possible mechanism for the explosion. For the most part, the results of these studies have not been particularly encouraging, except, perhaps, in the case of very low mass iron cores or very soft nuclear equations of state. The shock stalls, overwhelmed by photodisintegration and neutrino losses, and the star does not explode. More recently, slow late time heating of the envelope of the incipient neutron star has been found to be capable of rejuvenating the stalled shock and producing an explosion after all. The present paper discusses this late time heating and presents results from numerical calculations of the evolution, core collapse, and subsequent explosion of a number of recent stellar models. For the first time they all, except perhaps the most massive, explode with reasonable choices of input physics. 39 refs., 17 figs., 1 tab.

Wilson, J.R.; Mayle, R.; Woosley, S.E.; Weaver, T.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Stability of Molten Core Materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to document a literature and data search for data and information pertaining to the stability of nuclear reactor molten core materials. This includes data and analysis from TMI-2 fuel and INL’s LOFT (Loss of Fluid Test) reactor project and other sources.

Layne Pincock; Wendell Hintze

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Wright State University CORE Scholar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wright State University CORE Scholar Psychology Faculty Publications Psychology 10-1-2010 The Statistical Properties of the Survivor Interaction Contrast Joseph W. Houpt Wright State University - Main Campus, joseph.houpt@wright.edu James T. Townsend Follow this and additional works at: http://corescholar.libraries.wright

Townsend, James T.

312

Uniformly accelerated detector in the $?$-deformed Dirac vacuum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we investigate how a uniformly accelerated detector responds to vacuum state of a Dirac field in the $\\kappa$-Minkowski space-time. Starting from $\\kappa$-deformed Dirac theory, which is invariant under $\\kappa$-Poincare algebra, we derive $\\kappa$-deformed Wightmann function for Dirac field, which is valid up to first order in the deformation parameter $a$. Using this, we calculate the response function of the uniformly accelerated detector, which is coupled to massless Dirac field in $\\kappa$-spacetime. From this, we obtain the modification to Unruh effect for the $\\kappa$-deformed Dirac field, valid up to first order in the deformation parameter.

E. Harikumar; Ravikant Verma

2012-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

313

q-deformed dynamics and Josephson junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We define a generalized rate equation for an observable in quantum mechanics, that involves a parameter q and whose limit $q\\to 1$ gives the standard Heisenberg equation. The generalized rate equation is used to study dynamics of current biased Josephson junction. It is observed that this toy model incorporates diffraction like effects in the critical current. Physical interpretation for q is provided which is also shown to be q-deformation parameter.

Ramandeep S. Johal

2000-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

314

Biaxially textured articles formed by plastic deformation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of preparing a biaxially textured article comprises the steps of providing a metal preform, coating or laminating the preform with a metal layer, deforming the layer to a sufficient degree, and rapidly recrystallizing the layer to produce a biaxial texture. A superconducting epitaxial layer may then be deposited on the biaxial texture. In some embodiments the article further comprises buffer layers, electromagnetic devices or electro-optical devices.

Goyal, Amit (Knoxville, TN)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Role of deformation in exotic decay studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have recently constructed a model for exotic decay studies using a cubic potential for the overlapping region that is smoothly connected by a Yukawa-plus-exponential potential for the region after separation. In this model, the zero-point vibration energy is explicitly used without violating the energy conservation and the inertial mass coefficient is made dependent on the center of mass distance, but the deformation effect has not been included. In this work, it is taken into account in both the parent and the daughter nuclei, keeping the emitted nucleus always spherical. This model is applied to the cases of {sup 14}C and {sup 24}Ne emissions and also for the recently reported cases of {sup 26}Ne, {sup 28,30}Mg, and {sup 34}Si emissions. It is found that the effect of the fragment deformation (which is always very small in the above decays) on lifetime is negligible while the parent deformation plays an appreciable role in the lifetime calculations.

Shanmugam, G.; Kamalaharan, B. (Department of Physics, Presidency College, Madras 600 005, India (IN))

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Thermomechanical characterization of a membrane deformable mirror  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A membrane deformable mirror has been investigated for its potential use in high-energy laser systems. Experiments were performed in which the deformable mirror was heated with a 1 kW incandescent lamp and the thermal profile, the wavefront aberrations, and the mechanical displacement of the membrane were measured. A finite element model was also developed. The wavefront characterization experiments showed that the wavefront degraded with heating. Above a temperature of 35 deg. C, the wavefront characterization experiments indicated a dramatic increase in the high-order wavefront modes before the optical beam became immeasurable in the sensors. The mechanical displacement data of the membrane mirror showed that during heating, the membrane initially deflected towards the heat source and then deflected away from the heat source. Finite element analysis (FEA) predicted a similar displacement behavior as shown by the mechanical displacement data but over a shorter time scale and a larger magnitude. The mechanical displacement data also showed that the magnitude of membrane displacement increased with the experiments that involved higher temperatures. Above a temperature of 35 deg. C, the displacement data showed that random deflections as a function of time developed and that the magnitude of these deflections increased with increased temperature. We concluded that convection, not captured in the FEA, likely played a dominant role in mirror deformation at temperatures above 35 deg. C.

Morse, Kathleen A.; McHugh, Stuart L.; Fixler, Jeff

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

317

Tropical Cyclone Initialization with a Spherical High-Order Filter and an Idealized Three-Dimensional Bogus Vortex  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A tropical cyclone initialization method with an idealized three-dimensional bogus vortex of an analytic empirical formula is presented for the track and intensity prediction. The procedure in the new method consists of four steps: the separation ...

In-Hyuk Kwon; Hyeong-Bin Cheong

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Steady state deformation of the Coso Range, east central California,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Steady state deformation of the Coso Range, east central California, Steady state deformation of the Coso Range, east central California, inferred from satellite radar interferometry Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Steady state deformation of the Coso Range, east central California, inferred from satellite radar interferometry Details Activities (2) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Observations of deformation from 1992 to 1997 in the southern Coso Range using satellite radar interferometry show deformation rates of up to 35 mm yr -1 in an area approximately 10 km by 15 km. The deformation is most likely the result of subsidence in an area around the Coso geothermal field. The deformation signal has a short-wavelength component, related to production in the field, and a long-wavelength component,

319

Logging-while-coring method and apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for downhole coring while receiving logging-while-drilling tool data. The apparatus includes core collar and a retrievable core barrel. The retrievable core barrel receives core from a borehole which is sent to the surface for analysis via wireline and latching tool The core collar includes logging-while-drilling tools for the simultaneous measurement of formation properties during the core excavation process. Examples of logging-while-drilling tools include nuclear sensors, resistivity sensors, gamma ray sensors, and bit resistivity sensors. The disclosed method allows for precise core-log depth calibration and core orientation within a single borehole, and without at pipe trip, providing both time saving and unique scientific advantages.

Goldberg, David S. (New York, NY); Myers, Gregory J. (Cornwall, NY)

2007-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

320

Status of the TOUGH-FLAC simulator and recent applications related to coupled fluid flow and crustal deformations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

multiphase fluid flow, heat transfer, and deformation infor multiphase fluid flow, heat transfer and deformation in

Rutqvist, J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vortex core deformation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Methods of classical mechanics applied to turbulence stresses in a tip leakage vortex  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Moore et al. measured the six Reynolds stresses in a tip leakage vortex in a linear turbine cascade. Stress tensor analysis, as used in classical mechanics, has been applied to the measured turbulence stress tensors. Principal directions and principal normal stresses are found. A solid surface model, or three-dimensional glyph, for the Reynolds stress tensor is proposed and used to view the stresses throughout the tip leakage vortex. Modeled Reynolds stresses using the Boussinesq approximation are obtained from the measured mean velocity strain rate tensor. The comparison of the principal directions and the three-dimensional graphic representations of the strain and Reynolds stress tensors aids in the understanding of the turbulence and what is required to model it.

Moore, J.G.; Schorn, S.A.; Moore, J. [Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

A model for vortex-induced vibration analysis of long-span bridges  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Long-span structures are susceptible to wind-induced vibrations due to their low oscillation frequency and low mechanical damping. Although many efforts have been made in the past to model vortex-induced vibration of circular cylinders, limited studies can be found for non-circular cross sections representative of long-span bridge decks. A model for vortex-induced vibration analysis of long-span bridge is presented in this paper. The aeroelastic equation of motion of the model, a procedure to extract aeroelastic coefficients from wind tunnel experiments, analysis of full-scale structures incorporating loss of spanwise correlation of aeroelastic forces, and comparison between simulated and full-scale measured responses on a twin deck bridge (Fred Hartman bridge, Baytown, Texas) are discussed. Six bluff sections – Deer Isle bridge, Tsurumi bridge, Fred Hartman bridge, generic rectangular, H shaped, and circular models – were considered in this research program.

Mehedy Mashnad; Nicholas P. Jones

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Amplitude distribution of magnetoelastic waves propagating in a vortex field in a superconducting layer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Magnetic field enters the type ? II superconducting body along a discrete arrangement of magnetic vortex lines. In the dynamic case when the magnetic field vary in time around each such a line a supercurrent flows. So the vorticesinteract one to another with the help of the Lorentz force forming this way a new mechanical field of elastic properties. Moreover those lines arrange themselves in a triangular or quadratic lattice. Such a set is observed if the intensity of the applied to the materialmagnetic field is close to its lower limiting value. The paper aims at investigating amplitude distributions of magnetoelastic waves propagating solely in the vortex field of the superconducting layer. Our attention have been focused on the applied magnetic field intensity influence on those amplitudes for various wave frequencies.

Bogdan T. Maruszewski; Andrzej Drzewiecki; Roman Starosta

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Processing of Activated Core Components  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Used activated components from the core of a NPP like control elements, water channels from a BWR, and others like in-core measurement devices need to be processed into waste forms suitable for interim storage, and for the final waste repository. Processing of the activated materials can be undertaken by underwater cutting and packaging or by cutting and high-pressure compaction in a hot cell. A hot cell is available in Germany as a joint investment between GNS and the Karlsruhe Research Center at the latter's site. Special transport equipment is available to transport the components ''as-is'' to the hot cell. Newly designed underwater processing equipment has been designed, constructed, and operated for the special application of NPP decommissioning. This equipment integrates an underwater cutting device with an 80 ton force underwater in-drum compactor.

Friske, A.; Gestermann, G.; Finkbeiner, R.

2003-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

325

TMI-2 core shipping preparations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Shipping the damaged core from the Unit 2 reactor of Three Mile Island Nuclear Power Station near Harrisburg, PA, to the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory near Idaho Falls, ID, required development and implementation of a completely new spent fuel transportation system. This paper describes the equipment developed, the planning and activities used to implement the hardware systems into the facilities, and the planning involved in making the rail shipments. It also includes a summary of recommendations resulting from this experience.

Ball, L.J.; (EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)); Barkanic, R.J. (Bechtel North American Power Corporation (United States)); Conaway, W.T. II (GPU Nuclear Corporation, Three Mile Island, Middletown, PA (United States)); Schmoker, D.S. (Nuclear Packaging, Inc., Federal Way, WA (United States))

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Laminated electromagnetic pump stator core  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A stator core for an electromagnetic pump includes a plurality of circumferentially abutting tapered laminations extending radially outwardly from a centerline axis to collectively define a radially inner bore and a radially outer circumference. Each of the laminations includes radially inner and outer edges and has a thickness increasing from the inner edge toward the outer edge to provide a substantially continuous path adjacent the circumference. This pump is used in nuclear fission reactors. 19 figs.

Fanning, A.W.

1995-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

327

Reduced gravity Rankine cycle system design and optimization study with passive vortex phase separation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REDUCED GRAVITY RANKINE CYCLE SYSTEM DESIGN AND OPTIMIZATION STUDY WITH PASSIVE VORTEX PHASE SEPARATION A Thesis by KEVIN ROBERT SUPAK Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... SEPARATION A Thesis by KEVIN ROBERT SUPAK Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved by: Chair of Committee, Frederick...

Supak, Kevin Robert

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

328

Effects of syngas composition on combustion induced vortex breakdown (CIVB) flashback in a swirl stabilized combustor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Flame flashback attributed to combustion induced vortex breakdown (CIVB) is a major design challenge for swirl stabilized burner combustors. This paper presents an experimental investigation of combustion induced vortex breakdown (CIVB) flashback propensity for flames yielded from Hydrogen (H2)–Carbon Monoxide (CO) fuel blends and actual synthesized gas (syngas) mixtures. A two-fold experimental approach, consisting of a high definition digital imaging system and a high speed PIV system, was employed. The main emphasis was on the effect of concentration of different constituents in fuel mixtures on flashback limit. In addition, the effect of Swirl Number on flashback propensity was discussed. The percentage of H2 in fuel mixtures played the dominant role when CIVB flashback occurred. For a given air mass flow rate, the mixture containing a higher percentage of H2 underwent flashback at much leaner conditions. Flashback maps for actual syngas fuel compositions showed a distinct behavior when various concentrations of diluents were introduced in the mixture. For the two major diluents tested, carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2), CO2 was more dominant. The effect of Swirl Number on the flashback propensity was also tested and showed a decrease with an increase in Swirl Number. The final portion of this paper also provides an analysis of flow field of reacting flames which revealed complex vortex–chemistry interactions leading to vortex breakdown and flashback. Based on the experimental results a parametric model similar to Peclet Number approach was developed employing a flame quenching concept. A value of the quench parameter, Cquench was obtained from the correlation of flow Peclet Number and flame Peclet Number, which was observed to be dominated by the fuel composition rather than Swirl Number.

Bidhan Dam; Gilberto Corona; Mir Hayder; Ahsan Choudhuri

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Aircraft Emissions Deposited in the Stratosphere and Within the Arctic Polar Vortex. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes an analysis of the quantity of emissions (water vapor, NO(x)) projected to be deposited directly within the Arctic polar vortex by projected fleets of Mach 2.4 high speed civil transports (HSCT`s). It also evaluates the amount of emissions from subsonic aircraft which are emitted into the lower stratosphere using aircraft emission inventories developed earlier for May 1990 as representative of the annual average.

Baughcum, S.L.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Three-Dimensional Nonlinear Lattices: From Oblique Vortices and Octupoles to Discrete Diamonds and Vortex Cubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We construct a variety of novel localized topological structures in the 3D discrete nonlinear Schrödinger equation. The states can be created in Bose-Einstein condensates trapped in strong optical lattices and crystals built of microresonators. These new structures, most of which have no counterparts in lower dimensions, range from multipole patterns and diagonal vortices to vortex “cubes” (stack of two quasiplanar vortices) and “diamonds” (formed by two orthogonal vortices).

R. Carretero-González; P. G. Kevrekidis; B. A. Malomed; D. J. Frantzeskakis

2005-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

331

HyCore | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HyCore Jump to: navigation, search Name: HyCore Place: Norway Sector: Hydro, Solar Product: JV between Umicore and Norsk Hydro to manufacture solar-grade silicon. References:...

332

Matrix Acidizing Parallel Core Flooding Apparatus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and provide this information to the field. To conduct various experiments, core flooding setups are created. The setup consists of a core holder, accumulator, overburden pump, injection pump, accumulator, pressure sensors, and a back pressure regulator...

Ghosh, Vivek

2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

333

Kelvin-Helmholtz instability in a current-vortex sheet at a 3D magnetic null  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report here, for the first time, an observed instability of a Kelvin-Helmholtz nature occurring in a fully three-dimensional (3D) current-vortex sheet at the fan plane of a 3D magnetic null point. The current-vortex layer forms self-consistently in response to foot point driving around the spine lines of the null. The layer first becomes unstable at an intermediate distance from the null point, with the instability being characterized by a rippling of the fan surface and a filamentation of the current density and vorticity in the shear layer. Owing to the 3D geometry of the shear layer, a branching of the current filaments and vortices is observed. The instability results in a mixing of plasma between the two topologically distinct regions of magnetic flux on either side of the fan separatrix surface, as flux is reconnected across this surface. We make a preliminary investigation of the scaling of the system with the dissipation parameters. Our results indicate that the fan plane separatrix surface is an ideal candidate for the formation of current-vortex sheets in complex magnetic fields and, therefore, the enhanced heating and connectivity change associated with the instabilities of such layers.

Wyper, P. F. [School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S3 7RH (United Kingdom); Pontin, D. I. [Division of Mathematics, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN (United Kingdom)

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

334

The SimCore/Alpha Functional Simulator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have developed a function-level processor simulator, SimCore/Alpha Functional Simulator Version 2.0 (SimCore Version 2.0), for processor architecture research and processor education. This paper describes the design and implementation of SimCore Version ...

Kenji Kise; Takahiro Katagiri; Hiroki Honda; Toshitsugu Yuba

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Core Competency Worksheets for Significant Cybersecurity Roles  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

OCIO has developed core competency worksheets for significant cyber roles to assist training personnel, curricula developers, supervisors, etc. with identifying core skills needed to perform their functional roles. Core competencies can be used to develop training objectives for site or organization-specific role-based training.

336

GCFR core thermal-hydralic design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The approach for developing the thermal-hydraulic core assembly designs for the gas-cooled fast reactor (GCFR) is reviewed, and key considerations for improving the core performance at all power and flow conditions are discussed. It is shown how the thermal-hydraulic core assembly designs evolve from evaluations of plant size, material limitations, safety criteria, and structural performance considerations.

Schleuter, G.; Baxi, C.B.; Bennett, F.O.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Russian techniques for more productive core drilling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is a short discussion of the trends and technology being used in Russia to increase the production of core drilling. The currently used rigs are given with the plans for improvement in drive methods and to reduce trip time in the recovery of cores. The recommendations by the Russians to improve the core recovery quality and quantity are also given.

Not Available

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Development of integrated core disruptive accident analysis code for FBR - ASTERIA-FBR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The evaluation of consequence at the severe accident is the most important as a safety licensing issue for the reactor core of liquid metal cooled fast breeder reactor (LMFBR), since the LMFBR core is not in an optimum condition from the viewpoint of reactivity. This characteristics might induce a super-prompt criticality due to the core geometry change during the core disruptive accident (CDA). The previous CDA analysis codes have been modeled in plural phases dependent on the mechanism driving a super-prompt criticality. Then, the following event is calculated by connecting different codes. This scheme, however, should introduce uncertainty and/or arbitrary to calculation results. To resolve the issues and obtain the consistent calculation results without arbitrary, JNES is developing the ASTERIA-FBR code for the purpose of providing the cross-check analysis code, which is another required scheme to confirm the validity of the evaluation results prepared by applicants, in the safety licensing procedure of the planned high performance core of Monju. ASTERIA-FBR consists of the three major calculation modules, CONCORD, dynamic-GMVP, and FEMAXI-FBR. CONCORD is a three-dimensional thermal-hydraulics calculation module with multi-phase, multi-component, and multi-velocity field model. Dynamic-GMVP is a space-time neutronics calculation module. FEMAXI-FBR calculates the fuel pellet deformation behavior and fuel pin failure behavior. This paper describes the needs of ASTERIA-FBR development, major module outlines, and the model validation status. (authors)

Ishizu, T.; Endo, H.; Tatewaki, I.; Yamamoto, T. [Japan Nuclear Energy Safety Organization JNES, Toranomon Towers Office, 4-1-28, Toranomon, Minato-ku, Tokyo (Japan); Shirakawa, N. [Inst. of Applied Energy IAE, Shimbashi SY Bldg., 14-2 Nishi-Shimbashi 1-Chome, Minato-ku, Tokyo (Japan)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

DOE CYBER SECURITY EBK: MINIMUM CORE COMPETENCY TRAINING REQUIREMENTS...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

DOE CYBER SECURITY EBK: MINIMUM CORE COMPETENCY TRAINING REQUIREMENTS DOE CYBER SECURITY EBK: MINIMUM CORE COMPETENCY TRAINING REQUIREMENTS DOE CYBER SECURITY EBK: CORE COMPETENCY...

340

DOE CYBER SECURITY EBK: CORE COMPETENCY TRAINING REQUIREMENTS...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

CORE COMPETENCY TRAINING REQUIREMENTS: CA DOE CYBER SECURITY EBK: CORE COMPETENCY TRAINING REQUIREMENTS: CA DOE CYBER SECURITY EBK: CORE COMPETENCY TRAINING REQUIREMENTS. Key Cyber...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vortex core deformation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Ruthenium Aluminides: Deformation Mechanisms and Substructure Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Structural and functional materials that can operate in severe, high temperature environments are key to the operation of a wide range of energy generation systems. Because continued improvements in the energy efficiency of these systems is critical, the need for new materials with higher temperature capabilities is inevitable. Intermetallic compounds, with strong bonding and generally high melting points offer this possibility for a broad array of components such as coatings, electrode materials, actuators and/or structural elements. RuAl is a very unusual intermetallic compound among the large number of B2compounds that have been identified and investigated to date. This material has a very high melting temperature of 2050?C, low thermal expansion, high thermal conductivity and good corrosion resistance. Unlike most other high temperature B2 intermetallics, RuAl possesses good intrinsic deformability at low temperatures. In this program fundamental aspects of low and high temperature mechanical properties and deformation mechanisms in binary and higher order RuAl-based systems have been investigated. Alloying additions of interest included platinum, boron and niobium. Additionally, preliminary studies on high temperature oxidation behavior of these materials have been conducted.

Tresa M. Pollock

2005-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

342

Deformation correction in ultrasound imaging in an elastography framework  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tissue deformation in ultrasound imaging is an inevitable phenomenon and poses challenges to the development of many techniques related to ultrasound image registration, including multimodal image fusion, freehand ...

Sun, Shih-Yu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Geothermal: Sponsored by OSTI -- Monitoring deformation at the...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Monitoring deformation at the Geysers Geothermal Field, California, using C-band and X-band interferometric synthetic aperture radar Geothermal Technologies Legacy Collection Help...

344

Contemporary Tectonic Deformation of the Basin and Range Province...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Journal Article: Contemporary Tectonic Deformation of the Basin and Range Province, Western United States: 10 Years of Observation with the Global Positioning System Abstract...

345

Consistent Deformed Bosonic Algebra in Noncommutative Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In two-dimensional noncommutive space for the case of both position - position and momentum - momentum noncommuting, the consistent deformed bosonic algebra at the non-perturbation level described by the deformed annihilation and creation operators is investigated. A general relation between noncommutative parameters is fixed from the consistency of the deformed Heisenberg - Weyl algebra with the deformed bosonic algebra. A Fock space is found, in which all calculations can be similarly developed as if in commutative space and all effects of spatial noncommutativity are simply represented by parameters.

Jian-Zu Zhang

2009-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

346

Free motion in deformed (quantum) four-dimensional space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown that trajectories of free motion of the particles in deformed ("quantum") four dimensional space-time are quadratic curves.

A. N. Leznov

2007-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

347

Core Coupling in Nb-99  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to be good. NUCLEAR REACTIONS, NUCLEAR STRUCTURE '"Mop, 'He), E =40.7 Mev, measured o(8) 99Nb levels deduced S. Calculated levels, 4, n', 8 NNb, particle- core-coupling model. The proton configurations of nuclei in the Zr-Mo region have been the subject... of much experimental interest. ' ' The only information available on ~Nb, however, was obtained by measurement of y decay following 99Zr P decay, ~ and is rather lim- ited. We have studied the levels of "Nb with the Mo(d, 'He) reaction at 40.7-Me...

Bindal, P. K.; Youngblood, David H.

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

SoCore Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SoCore Energy SoCore Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name SoCore Energy Place Chicago, Illinois Zip 60601 Sector Solar Product Chicago-based solar installer and mounting solution company that also arranges for solar loans and PPAs. References SoCore Energy[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. SoCore Energy is a company located in Chicago, Illinois . References ↑ "SoCore Energy" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=SoCore_Energy&oldid=351218" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties About us Disclaimers Energy blogs

349

Micrographic detection of plastic deformation in nickel base alloys  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for detecting low levels of plastic deformation in metal articles comprising electrolytically etching a flow free surface of the metal article with nital at a current density of less than about 0.1 amp/cm.sup.2 and microscopically examining the etched surface to determine the presence of alternating striations. The presence of striations indicates plastic deformation in the article.

Steeves, Arthur F. (Schenectady, NY); Bibb, Albert E. (Clifton Park, NY)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Seismology of plastic deformation Jero^me Weiss *, Francois Louchet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seismology of plastic deformation Je´ro^me Weiss *, Franc¸ois Louchet Laboratoire de Glaciologie et-free critical picture of dislocational plasticity that challenges the classical continuum models of plasticity rights reserved. Keywords: Acoustic methods; Dislocation dynamics; Plastic deformation; Self

Weiss, Jérôme

351

Image Deformation Using Moving Least Squares Scott Schaefer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: · Interpolation: The handles p should map directly to q under deformation. (i.e; f (pi) = qi). · Smoothness: f should be the identity function. (i.e; qi = pi f (v) = v). These properties are very similar to thoseImage Deformation Using Moving Least Squares Scott Schaefer Texas A&M University Travis Mc

Schaefer, Scott

352

Image Deformation Using Moving Least Squares Scott Schaefer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: The handles p should map directly to q under deformation. (i.e; f(pi) = qi). · Smoothness: f should produce be the identity function. (i.e; qi = pi f(v) = v). These properties are very similar to those used in scatteredImage Deformation Using Moving Least Squares Scott Schaefer Texas A&M University Travis Mc

Warren, Joe

353

DEFORMED MACDONALD-RUIJSENAARS OPERATORS AND SUPER MACDONALD POLYNOMIALS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEFORMED MACDONALD-RUIJSENAARS OPERATORS AND SUPER MACDONALD POLYNOMIALS A.N. SERGEEV AND A.P. VESELOV Abstract. It is shown that the deformed Macdonald-Ruijsenaars op- erators can be described as the restrictions on certain affine subvarieties of the usual Macdonald-Ruijsenaars operator in infinite number

354

Coordinate realizations of deformed Lie algebras with three generators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Differential realizations in coordinate space for deformed Lie algebras with three generators are obtained using bosonic creation and annihilation operators satisfying Heisenberg commutation relations. The unified treatment presented here contains as special cases all previously given coordinate realizations of so(2,1), so(3), and their deformations. Applications to physical problems involving eigenvalue determination in nonrelativistic quantum mechanics are discussed.

R. Dutt; A. Gangopadhyaya; C. Rasinariu; U. Sukhatme

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

DESCRIBING THE PLASTIC DEFORMATION OF ALUMINUM SOFTBALL BATS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DESCRIBING THE PLASTIC DEFORMATION OF ALUMINUM SOFTBALL BATS E. BIESEN1 AND L. V. SMITH2 Washington-mail: lvsmith@wsu.edu Hollow aluminum bats were introduced over 30 years ago to provide improved durability over durability. Accordingly, the plastic deformation from a ball impact of a single-wall aluminum bat

Smith, Lloyd V.

356

Plastic deformation in Al (Cu) interconnects stressed by electromigration and studied by synchrotron polychromatic X-ray microdiffraction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plastic deformation in Al (Cu) interconnects stressed bygrain orientation [7], study plastic deformation [12-15] andThis aspect of EM-induced plastic deformation in grains

Chen, Kai; Advanced Light Source; UCLA

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Modeling Of Surface Deformation From Satellite Radar Interferometry In The  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modeling Of Surface Deformation From Satellite Radar Interferometry In The Modeling Of Surface Deformation From Satellite Radar Interferometry In The Salton Sea Geothermal Field, California Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Modeling Of Surface Deformation From Satellite Radar Interferometry In The Salton Sea Geothermal Field, California Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Surface deformation in the Salton Sea geothermal field is modeled using results from satellite radar interferometry, data from leveling surveys, and observations from the regional GPS network. The field is located in the Salton Trough, an active spreading center in southern California, which is traversed by the Brawley seismic zone. Deformation time series at thousands of points in the study area are obtained from a

358

Surface Deformation from Satellite Data and Geothermal Assessment,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Surface Deformation from Satellite Data and Geothermal Assessment, Surface Deformation from Satellite Data and Geothermal Assessment, Exploration and Mitigation in Imperial Valley Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Surface Deformation from Satellite Data and Geothermal Assessment, Exploration and Mitigation in Imperial Valley Author Mariana Eneva Published N/A, 2012 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for Surface Deformation from Satellite Data and Geothermal Assessment, Exploration and Mitigation in Imperial Valley Citation Mariana Eneva. Surface Deformation from Satellite Data and Geothermal Assessment, Exploration and Mitigation in Imperial Valley [Internet]. 2012. N/A. N/A. [cited 2013/09/17]. Available from: http://www.energy.ca.gov/research/notices/2012-02-29_workshop/presentations/Geothermal/Eneva-Imageair_Inc_Presentation.pdf

359

Deformation-induced accelerated dynamics in polymer glasses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Molecular dynamics simulations are used to investigate the effects of deformation on the segmental dynamics in an aging polymer glass. Individual particle trajectories are decomposed into a series of discontinuous hops, from which we obtain the full distribution of relaxation times and displacements under three deformation protocols: step stress (creep), step strain, and constant strain rate deformation. As in experiments, the dynamics can be accelerated by several orders of magnitude during deformation, and the history dependence is entirely erased during yield (mechanical rejuvenation). Aging can be explained as a result of the long tails in the relaxation time distribution of the glass, and similarly, mechanical rejuvenation is understood through the observed narrowing of this distribution during yield. Although the relaxation time distributions under deformation are highly protocol specific, in each case they may be described by a universal acceleration factor that depends only on the strain.

Mya Warren; Joerg Rottler

2010-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

360

Turbine blade platform film cooling with simulated stator-rotor purge flow with varied seal width and upstream wake with vortex  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

phase locations to model the unsteady wake formed at the trailing edge of the upstream vane. Delta wings were also placed in four positions to create a vortex similar to the passage vortex at the exit of the vane. The film cooling effectiveness...

Blake, Sarah Anne

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vortex core deformation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Core Capabilities | Argonne National Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The Advanced Photon Source is one of the brightest sources of X-rays in the The Advanced Photon Source is one of the brightest sources of X-rays in the Western Hemisphere. Photons are accelerated to over 99% of the speed of light around its ring, which is the size of a baseball stadium. To view a larger version of the image, click on it. The Center for Nanoscale Materials at Argonne is a premier user facility, providing expertise, instruments, and infrastructure for interdisciplinary nanoscience and nanotechnology research. To view a larger version of the image, click on it. Core Capabilities Argonne's vision is to lead the world in discovery science and engineering that provides technical solutions to the grand challenges of our time. Argonne's vision is to lead the world in discovery science and engineering that provides technical solutions to the grand challenges of our time:

362

Test report -- Prototype core sampler  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this test is to determine the adequacy of the prototype sampler, provided to Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) by DOE-RL. The sampler was fabricated for DOE-RL by the Concord Company by request of DOE-RL. This prototype sampler was introduced as a technology that can be easily deployed (similar to the current auger system) and will reliably collect representative samples. The sampler is similar to the Universal Sampler i.e., smooth core barrel and piston with an O-ring seal, but lacks a rotary valve near the throat of the sampler. This makes the sampler inappropriate for liquid sampling, but reduces the outside diameter of the sampler considerably, which should improve sample recovery. Recovery testing was performed with the supplied sampler in three different consistencies of Kaolin sludge simulants.

Linschooten, C.G.

1995-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

363

Nuclear core and fuel assemblies  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fast flux nuclear core of a plurality of rodded, open-lattice assemblies having a rod pattern rotated relative to a rod support structure pattern. Elongated fuel rods are oriented on a triangular array and laterally supported by grid structures positioned along the length of the assembly. Initial inter-assembly contact is through strongbacks at the corners of the support pattern and peripheral fuel rods between adjacent assemblies are nested so as to maintain a triangular pitch across a clearance gap between the other portions of adjacent assemblies. The rod pattern is rotated relative to the strongback support pattern by an angle .alpha. equal to sin .sup.-1 (p/2c), where p is the intra-assembly rod pitch and c is the center-to-center spacing among adjacent assemblies.

Downs, Robert E. (Monroeville, PA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

WAVE-VORTEX MODE COUPLING IN ASTROPHYSICAL ACCRETION DISKS UNDER COMBINED RADIAL AND VERTICAL STRATIFICATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We examine accretion disk flow under combined radial and vertical stratification utilizing a local Cartesian (or ''shearing box'') approximation. We investigate both axisymmetric and nonaxisymmetric disturbances with the Boussinesq approximation. Under axisymmetric disturbances, a new dispersion relation is derived. It reduces to the Solberg-Hoieland criterion in the case without vertical stratification. It shows that, asymptotically, stable radial and vertical stratification cannot induce any linear instability; Keplerian flow is accordingly stable. Previous investigations strongly suggest that the so-called bypass concept of turbulence (i.e., that fine-tuned disturbances of any inviscid smooth shear flow can reach arbitrarily large transient growth) can also be applied to Keplerian disks. We present an analysis of this process for three-dimensional plane-wave disturbances comoving with the shear flow of a general rotating shear flow under combined stable radial and vertical rotation. We demonstrate that large transient growth occurs for K{sub 2}/k{sub 1} >> 1 and k{sub 3} = 0 or k{sub 1} {approx} k{sub 3}, where k{sub 1}, K{sub 2}, and k{sub 3} are the azimuthal, radial, and vertical components of the initial wave vector, respectively. By using a generalized ''wave-vortex'' decomposition of the disturbance, we show that the large transient energy growth in a Keplerian disk is mainly generated by the transient dynamics of the vortex mode. The analysis of the power spectrum of total (kinetic+potential) energy in the azimuthal or vertical directions shows that the contribution coming from the vortex mode is dominant at large scales, while the contribution coming from the wave mode is important at small scales. These findings may be confirmed by appropriate numerical simulations in the high Reynolds number regime.

Salhi, A. [Departement de Physique, Faculte des Sciences de Tunis, 1060 Tunis (Tunisia); Lehner, T. [LUTH, UMR 8102 CNRS, Observatoire de Paris-Meudon, 5 place de Janssen, F-92195 Meudon (France); Godeferd, F.; Cambon, C. [Laboratoire de Mecanique des Fluides et d'Acoustique, Ecole Centrale de Lyon, Universite de Lyon, UMR 5509, CNRS, INSA, UCB, F-69134 Ecully Cedex (France)

2013-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

365

Non-equilibrium coherent vortex states and subharmonic giant Shapiro steps in Josephson junction arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This is a review of recent work on the dynamic response of Josephson junction arrays driven by dc and ac currents. The arrays are modeled by the resistively shunted Josephson junction model, appropriate for proximity effect junctions, including self-induced magnetic fields as well as disorder. The relevance of the self-induced fields is measured as a function of a parameter $\\kappa=\\lambda_L/a$, with $\\lambda_L$ the London penetration depth of the arrays, and $a$ the lattice spacing. The transition from Type II ($\\kappa>1$) to Type I ($\\kappa <1$) behavior is studied in detail. We compare the results for models with self, self+nearest-neighbor, and full inductance matrices. In the $\\kappa=\\infty$ limit, we find that when the initial state has at least one vortex-antivortex pair, after a characteristic transient time these vortices unbind and {\\it radiate} other vortices. These radiated vortices settle into a parity-broken, time-periodic, {\\em axisymmetric coherent vortex state} (ACVS), characterized by alternate rows of positive and negative vortices lying along a tilted axis. The ACVS produces subharmonic steps in the current voltage (IV) characteristics, typical of giant Shapiro steps. For finite $\\kappa$ we find that the IV's show subharmonic giant Shapiro steps, even at zero external magnetic field. We find that these subharmonic steps are produced by a whole family of coherent vortex oscillating patterns, with their structure changing as a function of $\\kappa$. In general, we find that these patterns are due to a break down of translational invariance produced, for example, by disorder or antisymmetric edge-fields. The zero field case results are in good qualitative agreement with experiments

Daniel Domínguez; Jorge V. José

1994-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

366

Over Core Stress | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Over Core Stress Over Core Stress Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Over Core Stress Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Lab Analysis Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Rock Lab Analysis Parent Exploration Technique: Rock Lab Analysis Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Stratigraphic/Structural: Hydrological: Thermal: Dictionary.png Over Core Stress: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Related Techniques Rock Lab Analysis Core Analysis Cuttings Analysis Isotopic Analysis- Rock Over Core Stress Paleomagnetic Measurements Petrography Analysis Rock Density X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) References Page Area Activity Start Date Activity End Date Reference Material

367

Interconversion of dark soliton and Josephson vortex in a quasi-1D long Bose Josephson junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dark soliton (DS) and Josephson vortex (JV) in quasi-1D long Bose Josephson junction (BJJ) can be interconverted by tuning Josephson coupling. Rates of the interconversion as well as of the thermally activated phase-slip effect, resulting in the JV switching its vorticity, have been evaluated. The role of quantum phase-slip in creating superposition of JVs with opposite vorticities as a qubit is discussed as well. Utilization of the JV for controlled and coherent transfer of atomic Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) is suggested.

V. M. Kaurov; A. B. Kuklov

2004-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

368

Vortex states in a binary mixture of Bose-Einstein condensates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The vortex configurations in the Bose-Einstein condensate of a mixture of two different spin states |F=1,mf=-1? and |2,1? of 87Rb atoms corresponding to the recent experiments by Matthews et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2498 (1999)] are considered in the framework of the Thomas-Fermi approximation as functions of N2/N1, where N1 is the number of atoms in the state |1,-1? and N2 in the state |2,1?. Ranges of this ratio are determined within which the various configurations of the binary condensate are stable.

S. T. Chui; V. N. Ryzhov; E. E. Tareyeva

2001-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

369

Numerical models of caldera deformation: Effects of multiphase and multicomponent hydrothermal fluid flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and poroelastic deformation using a range of realistic physical parameters and processes. Hydrothermal fluidNumerical models of caldera deformation: Effects of multiphase and multicomponent hydrothermal. Although hydrothermal fluids have been discussed as a possible deformation agent, very few quantitative

370

Large Pitch Hollow Core Honeycomb Fiber  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new kind of hollow core photonic crystal fiber (HC-PCF) for broadband guidance is introduced. Structural and optical properties of a fabricated example are detailed.

Beaudou, Benoît; Couny, François; Benabid, Fetah; Roberts, Peter John

371

Femtosecond laser fabrication of micro and nano-disks in single layer graphene using vortex Bessel beams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the fabrication of micro and nano-disks in single layer chemical vapor deposition graphene on glass substrate using femtosecond laser ablation with vortex Bessel beams. The fabricated graphene disks with diameters ranging from 650?nm to 4??m were characterized by spatially resolved micro-Raman spectroscopy. The variation of ablation threshold was investigated as a function of the number of pulses showing an incubation effect. A very high degree of size control of the fabricated graphene disks is enabled using a sequence of femtosecond pulses with different vortex orders.

Wetzel, Benjamin, E-mail: benjamin.wetzel@femto-st.fr; Xie, Chen; Lacourt, Pierre-Ambroise; Dudley, John M.; Courvoisier, Francois [Département d'Optique P.M. Duffieux, Institut FEMTO-ST, UMR–6174 CNRS, Université de Franche-Comté, 25030 Besançon (France)] [Département d'Optique P.M. Duffieux, Institut FEMTO-ST, UMR–6174 CNRS, Université de Franche-Comté, 25030 Besançon (France)

2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

372

Surface tension of the core-crust interface of neutron stars with global charge neutrality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It has been shown recently that taking into account strong, weak, electromagnetic, and gravitational interactions, and fulfilling the global charge neutrality of the system, a transition layer will happen between the core and crust of neutron stars, at the nuclear saturation density. We use relativistic mean field theory together with the Thomas-Fermi approximation to study the detailed structure of this transition layer and calculate its surface and Coulomb energy. We find that the surface tension is proportional to a power-law function of the baryon number density in the core bulk region. We also analyze the influence of the electron component and the gravitational field on the structure of the transition layer and the value of the surface tension to compare and contrast with known phenomenological results in nuclear physics. Based on the above results we study the instability against Bohr-Wheeler surface deformations in the case of neutron stars obeying global charge neutrality. Assuming the core-crust transition at nuclear density $\\rho_{core}\\approx 2.7 * 10^{14}$ g cm$^{-3}$, we find that the instability sets the upper limit to the crust density, $\\rho_{crust}^{crit}\\approx 1.2 * 10^{14}$ g cm$^{-3}$. This result implies a nonzero lower limit to the maximum electric field of the core-crust transition surface and makes inaccessible a limit of quasilocal charge neutrality in the limit $\\rho_{crust}=\\rho_{core}$. The general framework presented here can be also applied to study the stability of sharp phase transitions in hybrid stars as well as in strange stars, both bare and with outer crust. The results of this work open the way to a more general analysis of the stability of these transition surfaces, accounting for other effects such as gravitational binding, centrifugal repulsion, magnetic field induced by rotating electric field, and therefore magnetic dipole-dipole interactions.

Jorge A. Rueda; Remo Ruffini; Yuan-Bin Wu; She-Sheng Xue

2014-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

373

Deformation and Vibration Measurement and Data Evaluation on Large Structures Employing Optical Measurement Techniques  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Deformation and vibration measurements and frequency analysis are part of complex ... development and testing time optimization for deformation and vibration measurement procedures. This paper focuses on one rece...

Hagen Berger; Markus Klein; Theodor Möller

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

EFFECT OF GRAIN SIZE ON THE ACOUSTIC EMISSION GENERATED DURING PLASTIC DEFORMATION OF ALUMINUM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PLASTIC DEFORMATION OF ALUMINUM LAWRENCE BERKELEY LABORATORYDURING PLASTIC DEFORMATION OF ALUMINUM J. Baram Materialsof polycrystalline aluminum, of different grain sizes and at

Baram, J.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

EFFECT OF GRAIN SIZE ON THE ACOUSTIC EMISSION GENERATED DURING PLASTIC DEFORMATION OF COPPER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PLASTIC DEFORMATION OF COPPER J, Baram Materials Engineeringfrom plastically deformed copper specimens were analyzedrelated to the behavior of copper while undergoing plastic

Baram, J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

E-Print Network 3.0 - aligned breakup deformation Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

drop deformation and breakup within time... .g., oil-in-water, polymer blends, biological fluids by causing deformation ... Source: Cristini, Vittorio - Departments of Biomedical...

377

Investigation of Deformation Dynamics in a Wrought Magnesium Alloy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the present research, the deformation dynamics and the effect of the deformation history on plastic deformation in a wrought magnesium alloy have been studied using real-time in-situ neutron diffraction measurements under a continuous loading condition and elastic-viscoplastic self-consistent (EVPSC) polycrystal modeling. The experimental results reveal that the pre-deformation delayed the activation of the tensile twinning during subsequent compression, mainly resulting from the residual strain. No apparent detwinning occurred during unloading and even in the elastic region during reverse loading. It is believed that the grain rotation played an important role in the elastic region during reverse loading. The EVPSC model, which has been recently updated by implementing the twinning and detwinning model, was employed to characterize the deformation mechanism during the strain-path changes. The simulation result predicts well the experimental observation from the real-time in-situ neutron diffraction measurements. The present study provides a deep insight of the nature of deformation mechanisms in a hexagonal close-packed structured polycrystalline wrought magnesium alloy, which might lead to a new era of deformation-mechanism research.

Wu, Wei [ORNL; Qiao, Hua [McMaster University; An, Ke [ORNL; Wu, Peidong [McMaster University; Liaw, Peter K [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Axisymmetric-coherent-vortex states in current-driven Josephson-junction arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present results from an extensive analysis of the dynamic response of Josephson-junction arrays driven by external currents of the form [ital I]=[ital I][sub dc]+[ital I][sub ac]sin(2[pi][nu][ital t]). The dynamics is given by the resistively shunted Josephson-junction model with Johnson noise. We find a stationary [ital axisymmetric][minus][ital coherent][minus][ital vortex] [ital state] (ACVS) away from equilibrium and above a minimum lattice size ([similar to]20[times]20) whenever the initial state has at least one antivortex and a vortex. The ACVS is characterized by tilted rows of oscillating positive and negative vortices, produced by the combined effect of the driving current plus the collective coupling of the nonlinear Josephson oscillators. The ACVS is manifested in the current-voltage characteristics as giant half-integer Shapiro steps, leading to period-two resonances in the spectral function. The stability and properties of the ACVS are studied as a function of frequency, temperature, disorder, edge magnetic fields, and lattice sizes. It is found that the ACVS is a very robust two-dimensional dynamical state that is produced under very diverse circumstances. A connection between the ACVS and half-integer steps seen in proximity effect arrays in zero field is also discussed.

Dominguez, D.; Jose, J.V. (Physics Department, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts 02115 (United States))

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

MAP, MAC, and Vortex-rings Configurations in the Weinberg-Salam Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the presence of new axially symmetric monopoles, antimonopoles and vortex-rings solutions of the SU(2)$\\times$U(1) Weinberg-Salam model of electromagnetic and weak interactions. When the $\\phi$-winding number $n=1$, and 2, the configurations are monopole-antimonopole pair (MAP) and monopole-antimonopole chain (MAC) with poles of alternating sign magnetic charge arranged along the $z$-axis. Vortex-rings start to appear from the MAP and MAC configurations when the winding number $n=3$. The MAP configurations possess zero net magnetic charge whereas the MAC configurations possess net magnetic charge of $4\\pi n/e$. In the MAP configurations, the monopole-antimonopole pair is bounded by the ${\\cal Z}^0$ field flux string and there is an electromagnetic current loop encircling it. The monopole and antimonopole possess magnetic charges $\\pm\\frac{2\\pi n}{e}$ respectively. In the MAC configurations there is no string connecting the monopole and the adjacent antimonopole and they possess magnetic charges $\\pm\\frac{4\\pi n}{e}$ respectively. The MAC configurations possess infinite total energy and zero magnetic dipole moment whereas the MAP configurations which are actually sphalerons possess finite total energy and magnetic dipole moment. The configurations were investigated for varying value of Higgs boson mass $0\\leq M_H^2\\leq 80$ at Weinberg angle $\\theta_W=\\frac{\\pi}{4}$.

Rosy Teh; Ban-Loong Ng; Khai-Ming Wong

2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

380

Evidence for Deformed Ground States in Light Kr Isotopes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The levels in Kr74,76 were studied with in-beam ?-spectroscopy techniques and the ?+ decay of Rb76. The energies of the 21+ states in Kr74,76 deviate from smooth behavior compared with the higher spin levels. The yrast cascade B(E2)'s are highly collective. The Kr74,76 ground states have unusually large deformation. The origin of this deformation and of shape coexistence in this region is described in terms of the protons driving the deformation.

R. B. Piercey; J. H. Hamilton; R. Soundranayagam; A. V. Ramayya; C. F. Maguire; X. -J. Sun; Z. Z. Zhao; R. L. Robinson; H. J. Kim; S. Frauendorf; J. Döring; L. Funke; G. Winter; J. Roth; L. Cleemann; J. Eberth; W. Neumann; J. C. Wells; J. Lin; A. C. Rester; H. K. Carter

1981-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vortex core deformation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Deformation twinning mechanisms in FCC and HCP metals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the recent work on twinning and detwinning in fcc and hcp metals based on the in situ and ex situ TEM observations and molecular dynamics simulations. Three aspects are discussed in this paper. (1) Detwinning in single-phase Cu with respect to growth twins, (2) deformation twinning in Ag-Cu composites, and (3) deformation twinning mechanisms in hcp metals. The main conclusion is that atomic structures of interfaces (twin boundaries, two-phases interface, and grain boundaries) play a crucial role in nucleating and propagating of deformation twins.

Wang, Jian [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tome, Carlos N [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Beyerlein, Irene J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Misra, Amit [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mara, N [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

382

Oxidation induced localized creep deformation in Zircaloy-2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Extensive plastic deformation in the metal underneath the oxide scale in autoclave tested Zircaloy-2 was studied using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). It was concluded that the plastic deformation is created by creep during oxidation, and is not caused by surface treatment, sample preparation or cooling from autoclave temperatures. Evidence of large strains was found in the form of dislocation tangles, dislocation patches and sub-grain formation, and also indications of twinning were found. The heavily deformed layer is around a few ?m thick and no obvious difference could be seen between alloys with different strength or different oxide thickness.

Pia Tejland; Hans-Olof Andrén

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Origin of the Core Francis Nimmo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Origin of the Core Francis Nimmo Dept. Earth Sciences, University of California, Santa Cruz F. Nimmo, Dept. Earth Sciences, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA (fnimmo@es.ucsc.edu), tel. 831-459-1783, fax. 831-459-3074 1 #12;Origin of the Core All major bodies of the inner solar

Nimmo, Francis

384

Idealized Test Cases for Dynamical Core Experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Idealized Test Cases for Dynamical Core Experiments Christiane Jablonowski (University of Michigan-13/2006 #12;Motivation · Test cases for 3D dynamical cores on the sphere ­ are hard to find in the literature groups ­ lack standardized & easy-to-use analysis techniques · Idea: Establish a collection of test cases

Jablonowski, Christiane

385

Experto Universitario Java Sesin 1: Spring core  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Enterprise Spring © 2012-2013 Depto. Ciencia de la Computación e IA Spring core Puntos a tratar 2 #12;Experto Universitario Java Enterprise Spring © 2012-2013 Depto. Ciencia de la Computación e IA;Experto Universitario Java Enterprise Spring © 2012-2013 Depto. Ciencia de la Computación e IA Spring core

Escolano, Francisco

386

Module Handbook Core Univ. of Oldenburg  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· Mechanical and Electrical Systems of the WEC Content: Energy conversion process in Wind Turbines · Wind/EUREC Course 2008/2009 #12;EUREC Core Courses at University of Oldenburg, 1st Semester Wind Energy Module Module Description: Wind Energy Field: Core Oldenburg Courses: Wind Energy Wind Energy

Habel, Annegret

387

UNL Core for Applied Genomics and Ecology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UNL Core for Applied Genomics and Ecology Bioinformatics training Roche 454 GS-FLX Registration, Microbiomes, Variant Analysis, Whole Genomes, Transcriptomes Data Analysis and Statistics CAGE database and employer. University of Nebraska-Lincoln*Core for Applied Genomics and Ecology* 323 Filley Hall *Lincoln

Farritor, Shane

388

Core File Settings | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Core File Settings Core File Settings The following environment variables control core file creation and contents. Specify regular (non-script) jobs using the qsub argument --env (Note: two dashes). Specify script jobs (--mode script) using the --envs (Note: two dashes) or --exp_env (Note: two dashes) options of runjob. For additional information about setting environment variables in your job, visit http://www.alcf.anl.gov/user-guides/running-jobs#environment-variables. Generation The following environment variables control conditions of core file generation and naming: BG_COREDUMPONEXIT=1 Creates a core file when the application exits. This is useful when the application performed an exit() operation and the cause and location of the exit() is not known. BG_COREDUMPONERROR=1

389

Quantum Dissociation of a Vortex-Antivortex Pair in a Long Josephson Junction M.V. Fistul,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum Dissociation of a Vortex-Antivortex Pair in a Long Josephson Junction M.V. Fistul,1 A VAV pair manifests itself in a switching of the Josephson junction from the superconducting biased single Josephson junctions (JJs), various SQUIDs, and small Josephson junction arrays, contain

Wallraff, Andreas

390

Tracking Waves and Vortex Nucleation in Excitable Systems with Anomalous Dispersion N. Manz, C.T. Hamik, and O. Steinbock  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tracking Waves and Vortex Nucleation in Excitable Systems with Anomalous Dispersion N. Manz, C obtained from a chemical reaction-diffusion system in which wave propagation is limited to a finite band of wavelengths and in which no solitary pulses exist. Wave patterns increase their size through repeated

Steinbock, Oliver

391

Quantum Hasimoto transformation and nonlinear waves on a superfluid vortex filament under the quantum local induction approximation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Hasimoto transformation between the classical LIA (local induction approximation, a model approximating the motion of a thin vortex filament) and the nonlinear Schr\\"odinger equation (NLS) has proven very useful in the past, since it allows one to construct new solutions to the LIA once a solution to the NLS is known. In the present paper, the quantum form of the LIA (which includes mutual friction effects) is put into correspondence with a type of complex nonlinear dispersive partial differential equation (PDE) with cubic nonlinearity (similar in form to a Ginsburg-Landau equation, with additional nonlinear terms). Transforming the quantum LIA in such a way enables one to obtain quantum vortex filament solutions once solutions to this dispersive PDE are known. From our quantum Hasimoto transformation, we determine the form and behavior of Stokes waves and a standing 1-soliton solution under normal and binormal friction effects. The soliton solution on a quantum vortex filament is a natural generalization of the classical 1-soliton solution constructed mathematically by Hasimoto (which motivated subsequent real-world experiments). The quantum Hasimoto transformation is useful when normal fluid velocity is relatively weak, so for the case where the normal fluid velocity is dominant we resort to other approaches. We consider the dynamics of the tangent vector to the vortex filament directly from the quantum LIA, and this approach, while less elegant than the quantum Hasimoto transformation, enables us to study waves primarily driven by the normal fluid velocity.

Robert A. Van Gorder

2014-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

392

Energy Losses Due to Vortex Shedding from the Lower Edge of a Vertical Plate Attacked by Surface Waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Vertical Plate Attacked by Surface Waves M. Stiassnie E. Naheer Irina Boguslavsky...The ratio between the flux of the energy taken out by the vortex generation process , and the incoming wave energy flux , is shown to be given by where...

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Geodetic Constraints on Contemporary Deformation in the Northern Walker  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geodetic Constraints on Contemporary Deformation in the Northern Walker Geodetic Constraints on Contemporary Deformation in the Northern Walker Lane: 2. Velocity and Strain Rate Tensor Analysis- In: Late Cenozoic Structure and Evolution of the Great Basin-Sierra Nevada Transition Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Book Section: Geodetic Constraints on Contemporary Deformation in the Northern Walker Lane: 2. Velocity and Strain Rate Tensor Analysis- In: Late Cenozoic Structure and Evolution of the Great Basin-Sierra Nevada Transition Abstract Abstract unavailable Authors C. Kreemer, Geoffrey Blewitt and William C. Hammond Editors John S. Oldow and Patricia H. Cashman Published Geological Society of America, 2009 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for Geodetic Constraints on Contemporary Deformation

394

Applications of Radar Interferometry to Detect Surface Deformation in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Applications of Radar Interferometry to Detect Surface Deformation in Applications of Radar Interferometry to Detect Surface Deformation in Geothermal Areas of Imperial Valley in Southern California Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Applications of Radar Interferometry to Detect Surface Deformation in Geothermal Areas of Imperial Valley in Southern California Abstract InSAR (interferometric synthetic aperture radar) is applied in Imperial Valley of southern California to detect and characterize surface deformation in existing geothermal fields, possible future geothermal developments, and around faults. The data used are from the Envisat satellite, collected over the period 2003-2010. The specific InSAR technique applied, SqueeSARTM, identifies permanent and distributed scatterers (PS and DS), which play the role of numerous benchmarks

395

Marker-less Human Motion Estimation using Articulated Deformable Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Marker-less Human Motion Estimation using Articulated Deformable Model Koichi Ogawara and Xiaolu Li and backtrack re-estimation algorithm enable accurate estimation. The power to track challenging whole body

Tokyo, University of

396

Activation of conductive pathways via deformation-induced instabilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inspired by the pattern transformation of periodic elastomeric cellular structures, the purpose of this work is to exploit this unique ability to activate conductive via deformation-induced instabilities. Two microstructural ...

Ni, Xinchen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Experimental Study on Rock Deformation and Permeability Variation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The development of a petroleum reservoir would inevitably induce a rearrangement of the in-situ stress field. The rearrangement of the stress field would then bring about a deformation of the reservoir rock and a change of the permeability...

Ding, Jihui

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

EXISTENCE OF SOLUTIONS TO A NONLINEAR PROBLEM INVOLVING ISOTROPIC DEFORMATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EXISTENCE OF SOLUTIONS TO A NONLINEAR PROBLEM INVOLVING ISOTROPIC DEFORMATIONS ANA CRISTINA BARROSO manuscript, published in "Journal of Nonlinear Systems and Applications (2010) ?" #12;2 ANA CRISTINA BARROSO

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

399

Hardening of a bismuth crystal due to electroplastic deformation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The surface texture of a bismuth crystal after deformation of the surface by a diamond pyramid and simultaneous passage of a pulse of high-density electric current is studied. The fact of hardening is establis...

1 V. S. Savenko

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Analytical modeling of deformed plain woven thermoplastic composites  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This research addressed the deformation predictability of post-manufactured, plain weave architecture composite panels. Often times during the production of deep drawn composite parts, a fabric preform experie...

John R. Smith; Uday K. Vaidya…

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vortex core deformation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

3D deformation field throughout the interior of materials.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains the one-year feasibility study for our three-year LDRD proposal that is aimed to develop an experimental technique to measure the 3D deformation fields inside a material body. In this feasibility study, we first apply Digital Volume Correlation (DVC) algorithm to pre-existing in-situ Xray Computed Tomography (XCT) image sets with pure rigid body translation. The calculated displacement field has very large random errors and low precision that are unacceptable. Then we enhance these tomography images by setting threshold of the intensity of each slice. DVC algorithm is able to obtain accurate deformation fields from these enhanced image sets and the deformation fields are consistent with the global mechanical loading that is applied to the specimen. Through this study, we prove that the internal markers inside the pre-existing tomography images of aluminum alloy can be enhanced and are suitable for DVC to calculate the deformation field throughout the material body.

Jin, Huiqing; Lu, Wei-Yang

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

ORIGINAL ARTICLE LEGO-like assembly of peelable, deformable  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the production of an integrated architecture without additional electrical connections. The free technologies that can release mechanical stress has enabled the production of various electronic circuits on non-conven- tional, deformable substrates including plastic, elastomeric rubber, fabric, paper

Rogers, John A.

403

A Four-Dimensional Viscoelastic Deformation Model For Long Valley...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and components of two continuous GPS time series. Additionally, the model explains the spatial extent of deformation observed by InSAR data covering the 1997-98 inflation...

404

Wavefront control in space with MEMS deformable mirrors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To meet the high contrast requirement of 1 × 10[superscript ?10] to image an Earth-like planet around a Sun-like star, space telescopes equipped with coronagraphs require wavefront control systems. Deformable mirrors (DMs) ...

Cahoy, Kerri L.

405

Localized Deformation and Fracture in Neutron Irradiated Zircaloy-2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A detailed examination of the deformation bands and the fracture surface morphologies was made with neutron irradiated Zircaloy-2 sheet that had been prepared with similar compositions and microstructures, but...

H. S. Rosenbaum; G. F. Rieger; D. Lee

1974-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Mechanics of inelastic deformation and delamination in paperboard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Paperboard is one of the most widely used materials. The inelastic deformation of paperboard plays a crucial role during many manufacturing processes (e.g., the converting process whereby paperboard is converted into a ...

Xia, Qingxi, 1973-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Lifetime measurements of Triaxial Strongly Deformed bands in $^{163}$Tm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With the Doppler Shift Attenuation Method, quadrupole transition moments, $Q_t$, were determined for the two recently proposed Triaxial Strongly Deformed (TSD) bands in $^{163}$Tm. The measured $Q_t$ moments indicate that the deformation of these bands is larger than that of the yrast, signature partners. However, the measured values are smaller than those predicted by theory. This observation appears to be valid for TSD bands in several nuclei of the region

X. wang; R. V. F. Janssens; E. F. Moore; U. Garg; Y. Gu; S. Frauendorf; M. P. Carpenter; S. S. Ghugre; N. J. Hammond; T. Lauritsen; T. Li; G. Mukherjee; N. S. Pattabiraman; D. Seweryniak; S. Zhu

2007-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

408

TDHF fusion calculations for spherical+deformed systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We outline a formalism to carry out TDHF calculations of fusion cross sections for spherical + deformed nuclei. The procedure incorporates the dynamic alignment of the deformed nucleus into the calculation of the fusion cross section. The alignment results from multiple E2/E4 Coulomb excitation of the ground state rotational band. Implications for TDHF fusion calculations are discussed. TDHF calculations are done in an unrestricted three-dimensional geometry using modern Skyrme force parametrizations.

A. S. Umar; V. E. Oberacker

2006-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

409

Deformed Kazhdan-Lusztig elements and Macdonald polynomials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce deformations of Kazhdan-Lusztig elements and specialised nonsymmetric Macdonald polynomials, both of which form a distinguished basis of the polynomial representation of a maximal parabolic subalgebra of the Hecke algebra. We give explicit integral formula for these polynomials, and explicitly describe the transition matrices between classes of polynomials. We further develop a combinatorial interpretation of homogeneous evaluations using an expansion in terms of Schubert polynomials in the deformation parameters.

Jan de Gier; Alain Lascoux; Mark Sorrell

2011-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

410

Quantifying non-axial deformations in rat myocardium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

improve our experimental models. In order to do so, we must first understand the manner in which myocardial geometry changes in response to deformation, i.e., strain. The goal of this research project is to develop an experimental method to examine... muscle fiber deformations. However, Zahalak?s model maked assumptions about myocardial geometry that have yet to be validated, and he highlighted the need for more investigation in this area. GROWTH AND REMODELING During development and disease...

Aghassibake, Kristina Diane

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

411

An experimental investigation of the rolling moment on a flat plate in the presence of a free vortex of known strength  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

not affect their vertical or lateral positioning. The vortex probe assembly is shown in Figure 2. A comparison of the free-stream velocities obtained from the vortex probe assembly and a standard pitot-static tube revealed a difference of less than one...AN EXPERIMENTAL 1NVES1'IGATION OF THE ROLLING MOMENT ON A ILAT PLATE IN THE ?RESENCE OP A FREE VORTEX OF KNOWN STRENGTH A Thesis by MAURICE VERNE VAN DUSEN, JR. Submitted to the Graduate College of Teras A&M University in partial fulfillment...

Van Dusen, Maurice Verne

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

412

Size effects on the onset of plastic deformation during nanoindentation of thin films and patterned lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Size effects on the onset of plastic deformation during nanoindentation of thin films and patterned; accepted 13 August 2003 Plastic deformation of materials exhibits a strong size dependence when, particularly the transition from elastic to plastic deformation and the early stages of plastic deformation. We

Van Vliet, Krystyn J.

413

510 Plant Disease / Vol. 97 No. 4 Etiology of Moldy Core, Core Browning, and Core Rot of Fuji Apple in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

510 Plant Disease / Vol. 97 No. 4 Etiology of Moldy Core, Core Browning, and Core Rot of Fuji Apple, and core rot of Fuji apple in China. Plant Dis. 97:510-516. `Fuji' apple fruit were collected in Shaanxi to species. Pathogenicity was determined by cutting apple fruit into halves and daubing spore suspensions

Biggs, Alan R.

414

Effects of atmospheric conditions and control surface deflections on vortex characteristics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I I I i. C iS OF:"-:, ','". : iFII! 2! C CO", Df if Of!S f'-, 'ID CO, ", IROI ':L'll ', CI DI. I I ECT IOIIS O', I 'ilORT:-X ' I~OR;. C I L!If ISTICS 0 Thesis by CALVfl'I L!O'. , 'PRD SIIEIIKIR, JR. Subr~i fis!i to the G! ', 'uete Col ieije...7, SST Ci'rcorde, C-SA, and others, induce 'tr. ailing r, ing iiI! vor'-ic, s ?aiich pr: sent a hazard Lo stnal1er ait craft. In this Itir!Osti(dation such vr. i tex charac'ieristics as I!ave Fornations, r;0!e Ienrgths, b(eak t&1es, and vortex...

Shenkir, Calvin Edward

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

415

Mechanical (acoustic?like) wave propagation along a vortex array in the superconducting heterostructure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Magnetic flux can penetrate the type ? II superconductor in the form of Abrikosov vortices (also called flux lines flux tubes or fluxons) each carrying a quantum of magnetic flux. These tiny vortices of supercurrent tend to arrange themselves in a triangular or quadratic flux?line lattice. Since the vortices are formed by the applied magnetic field around of each of them the supercurrent flows. Moreover there also exist some Lorentz force interactions among them. Those interactions form an origin of an additional mechanical (stress) field occurring in the type?II superconductor. The paper deals with an analysis of elastic (acoustic?like) wave propagation solely along vortices in a heterostructure consisted of the superconducting layer put on the superconducting substrate. Dispersion and the amplitude distribution of those waves in the vortex field existing in that structure has been presented.

Bogdan T. Maruszewski; Andrzej Drzewiecki; Roman Starosta

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Plasma resonance at low magnetic fields as a probe of vortex line meandering in layered superconductors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider the magnetic-field dependence of the plasma resonance frequency in pristine and in irradiated Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 crystals near Tc. At low magnetic fields we relate linear in field corrections to the plasma frequency to the average distance between the pancake vortices in the neighboring layers (wandering length). We calculate the wandering length in the case of thermal wiggling of vortex lines, taking into account both Josephson and magnetic interlayer coupling of pancakes. Analyzing experimental data, we found that (i) the wandering length becomes comparable with the London penetration depth near Tc and (ii) at small melting fields (line liquid phase in this field range. We also found that pinning by columnar defects affects weakly the field dependence of the plasma resonance frequency near Tc.

L. N. Bulaevskii; A. E. Koshelev; V. M. Vinokur; M. P. Maley

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Plasma resonance at low magnetic fields as a probe of vortex line meandering in layered superconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the magnetic field dependence of the plasma resonance frequency in pristine and in irradiated Bi$_2$Sr$_2$CaCu$_2$O$_8$ crystals near $T_c$. At low magnetic fields we relate linear in field corrections to the plasma frequency to the average distance between the pancake vortices in the neighboring layers (wandering length). We calculate the wandering length in the case of thermal wiggling of vortex lines, taking into account both Josephson and magnetic interlayer coupling of pancakes. Analyzing experimental data, we found that (i) the wandering length becomes comparable with the London penetration depth near T$_{c}$ and (ii) at small melting fields ($line liquid phase in this field range. We also found that pinning by columnar defects affects weakly the field dependence of the plasma resonance frequency near $T_c$.

L. N. Bulaevskii; A. E. Koshelev; V. M. Vinokur; M. P. Maley

1999-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

418

Vortex precession frequency and its amplitude-dependent shift in cylindrical nanomagnets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Frequency of free magnetic vortex precession in circular soft ferromagnetic nano-cylinders (magnetic dots) of various sizes is an important parameter, used in design of spintronic devices (such as spin-torque microwave nano-oscillators) and characterization of magnetic nanostructures. Here, using a recently developed collective-variable approach to non-linear dynamics of magnetic textures in planar nano-magnets, this frequency and its amplitude-dependent shift are computed analytically and plotted for the full range of cylinder geometries. The frequency shift is positive in large planar dots, but becomes negative in smaller and more elongated ones. At certain dot dimensions, a zero frequency shift is realized, which can be important for enhancing frequency stability of magnetic nano-oscillators.

Metlov, Konstantin L., E-mail: metlov@fti.dn.ua [Donetsk Institute for Physics and Technology NAS, Donetsk 83114 (Ukraine)

2013-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

419

Cyclostrophic adjustment in swirling gas flows and the Ranque-Hilsch vortex tube effect  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A theoretical analysis of cyclostrophic adjustment is presented; i.e., adjustment to balance between pressure gradient and centrifugal force in axisymmetric flow of an inviscid gas is examined. The solution to the problem is represented as the sum of a time-independent (balanced) and time-dependent (wave) components. It is shown that the wave component of the flow in an unbounded domain decays with time, and the corresponding solution reduces to the balanced component. In a bounded domain, the balanced flow component exists against the background of undamped acoustic waves. It is found that the balanced flow is thermally stratified at Mach numbers close to unity, with a substantial decrease in gas temperature (to between -50 and -100 deg. C) in the axial region. This finding, combined with the results of special experiments, is used to explain the Ranque-Hilsch vortex tube effect.

Kalashnik, M. V., E-mail: lingel@obninsk.com; Visheratin, K. N. [SPA Typhoon (Russian Federation)], E-mail: kvisher@typhoon.obninsk.ru

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

420

Dynamic Inductance in Saturated Cores Fault Current Limiters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The saturated cores Fault Current Limiter (FCL) is one of the leading ... for providing a commercial robust solution to the fault current problem. Basically, the saturated cores FCL ... its saturated cores state ...

Y. Nikulshin; Y. Wolfus; A. Friedman…

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vortex core deformation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

TCEQ-CoreDataForm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TCEQ-CoreDataForm Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Form: TCEQ-CoreDataForm Abstract This is the core data form from the Texas Commission on...

422

Unearthing the Composition of Our Planet's Core  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Unearthing the Composition of Our Planet's Core Unearthing the Composition of Our Planet's Core The chemical composition of the Earth's core is surprisingly complicated, according to high-temperature, high-pressure experiments conducted by University of Chicago scientists using the William M. Keck High Pressure Laboratory at the GSECARS facility, APS sector 13. This research has produced experimental evidence suggesting that the Earth's inner core largely consists of two exotic forms of iron (rather than one as previously thought) that appear to be alloyed with silicon. Backscattered electron image of the quenched laser-heated diamond anvil cell sample from 31 GPa and 1976K. ( J.-F. Lin et al.) Above: Backscattered electron image of the quenched laser-heated diamond anvil cell sample from 31 GPa and 1976K. ( J.-F. Lin et al.)

423

GreenCore Capital | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GreenCore Capital GreenCore Capital Jump to: navigation, search Logo: GreenCore Capital Name GreenCore Capital Address 10509 Vista Sorrento Parkway Place San Diego, California Zip 92121 Region Southern CA Area Product Invests in developing promising renewable energy companies Website http://www.greencorecapital.co Coordinates 32.898095°, -117.215736° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.898095,"lon":-117.215736,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

424

A New Greenland Deep Ice Core  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...isotopic profile with that from camp Century and with a deep-sea foraminifera...deep-sea cores. The redated Camp Century record suggests a dramatic termination...CENTURIES OF CLIMATIC RECORD FROM CAMP CENTURY ON GREENLAND ICE SHEET, SCIENCE...

W. Dansgaard; H. B. Clausen; N. Gundestrup; C. U. Hammer; S. F. Johnsen; P. M. Kristinsdottir; N. Reeh

1982-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

425

ICE CORE RECORDS | Greenland Stable Isotopes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Greenland ice cores contain a wealth of information on past climatic conditions throughout the Northern Hemisphere. A historical perspective on the climatic interpretation of stable isotopes in water and ice is presented in the introduction, while the remainder of the article is devoted to the current interpretation of stable isotope data from Greenland ice cores. The progress in our understanding of stable isotope signals, on timescales from seasons to glacial cycles, is discussed and evaluated through numerous examples from Greenland ice cores. Stable isotope profiles from the Camp Century, Dye-3, GISP2, GRIP, NGRIP, and Renland deep ice cores are emphasized, as they all provide climatic information dating back into the Eemian period.

B.M. Vinther; S.J. Johnsen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Bacterial Fouling in a Model Core System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...to reduce permeability. Therefore...aspects of reservoir rock, without...an "open" sandstone. Thus, especially...changes in permeability that occurred...22). The porosity of the cores...liquid storage reservoir with a capacity...

J. C. Shaw; B. Bramhill; N. C. Wardlaw; J. W. Costerton

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Crystallization of the crenarchaeal SRP core  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The conserved ribonucleoprotein core of the signal recognition particle (SRP) has been crystallized. Both crystal forms are highly twinned and an explanation for the possible tetartohedral twinning is presented.

Rosendal, K.R.

2003-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

428

Xenon Oscillations in a VVÉR-1000 Core  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Xenon oscillations – periodic redistribution of the power over ... the large size of this core. The xenon oscillations can be conventionally divided into axial, radial ... paper, methods are described for initiat...

V. A. Tereshonok; V. S. Stepanov; V. P. Povarov; O. V. Lebedev…

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Environmental impact of various kayak core materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis compares the environmental impact of fiberglass, Kevlar, carbon fiber, and cork. A kayak company is interested in using cork as a core material, and would like to claim that it is the most environmentally ...

Kirkland, David R. (David Roger)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

PRELIMINARY TIME ESTIMATES FOR CORING OPERATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EQUATIONS 17 FIGURE 1. DRILL STRING ROUND TRIP 19 FIGURE 2. STANDARD ROTARY CORING (RCB) WIRELINE TRIP 21) WIRELINE TRIP 25 FIGURE 5. ESTIMATED RIGGING, WIRELINE, AND SCANNING TIME FOR REENTRY. 27 #12;Preliminary

431

MagLab - Magnetic Core Memory Tutorial  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

grid is made up of wires. The purpose of the horizontal and vertical X and Y Address Lines is to direct current to a specific core. The purpose of the diagonal Sense Lines is to...

432

Armor systems including coated core materials  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An armor system and method involves providing a core material and a stream of atomized coating material that comprises a liquid fraction and a solid fraction. An initial layer is deposited on the core material by positioning the core material in the stream of atomized coating material wherein the solid fraction of the stream of atomized coating material is less than the liquid fraction of the stream of atomized coating material on a weight basis. An outer layer is then deposited on the initial layer by positioning the core material in the stream of atomized coating material wherein the solid fraction of the stream of atomized coating material is greater than the liquid fraction of the stream of atomized coating material on a weight basis.

2013-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

433

Armor systems including coated core materials  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An armor system and method involves providing a core material and a stream of atomized coating material that comprises a liquid fraction and a solid fraction. An initial layer is deposited on the core material by positioning the core material in the stream of atomized coating material wherein the solid fraction of the stream of atomized coating material is less than the liquid fraction of the stream of atomized coating material on a weight basis. An outer layer is then deposited on the initial layer by positioning the core material in the stream of atomized coating material wherein the solid fraction of the stream of atomized coating material is greater than the liquid fraction of the stream of atomized coating material on a weight basis.

Chu, Henry S. (Idaho Falls, ID); Lillo, Thomas M. (Idaho Falls, ID); McHugh, Kevin M. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

434

Panelized wall system with foam core insulation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A wall system includes a plurality of wall members, the wall members having a first metal panel, a second metal panel, and an insulating core between the first panel and the second panel. At least one of the first panel and the second panel include ridge portions. The insulating core can be a foam, such as a polyurethane foam. The foam can include at least one opacifier to improve the k-factor of the foam.

Kosny, Jan (Oak Ridge, TN); Gaskin, Sally (Houston, TX)

2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

435

NETL: Control Technology: ElectroCore Separator  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ElectroCore Separator ElectroCore Separator LSR Technologies and its subcontractors designed and installed a 8,500 m3/hr (5,000 acfm) Advanced ElectroCore system and a dry sulfur scrubber to test it using an exhaust gas slipstream at Alabama Power Company's Gaston Steam Plant. Shakedown is scheduled for August 15, 2001. The exhaust gas will be from Unit #4 of a 270 MWe sub-critical, pulverized coal boiler burning a low-sulfur bituminous coal. The Advanced ElectroCore system will consist of a conventional upstream ESP, a dry SO2 scrubber, a particle precharger and an Advanced ElectroCore separator. Particle concentrations and size distributions will be measured at the ESP inlet, at the dry scrubber outlet and at the ElectroCore outlet. The concentration of 12 common HAPs will be measured at these locations as well. For purposes of project organization and monitoring, the work will be divided into nine (9) tasks described below.

436

Formed Core Sampler Hydraulic Conductivity Testing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A full-scale formed core sampler was designed and functionally tested for use in the Saltstone Disposal Facility (SDF). Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) was requested to compare properties of the formed core samples and core drilled samples taken from adjacent areas in the full-scale sampler. While several physical properties were evaluated, the primary property of interest was hydraulic conductivity. Differences in hydraulic conductivity between the samples from the formed core sampler and those representing the bulk material were noted with respect to the initial handling and storage of the samples. Due to testing conditions, the site port samples were exposed to uncontrolled temperature and humidity conditions prior to testing whereas the formed core samples were kept in sealed containers with minimal exposure to an uncontrolled environment prior to testing. Based on the results of the testing, no significant differences in porosity or density were found between the formed core samples and those representing the bulk material in the test stand.

Miller, D. H.; Reigel, M. M.

2012-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

437

Solid oxide fuel cell having monolithic core  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A solid oxide fuel cell is described for electrochemically combining fuel and oxidant for generating galvanic output, wherein the cell core has an array of electrolyte and interconnect walls that are substantially devoid of any composite inert materials for support. Instead, the core is monolithic, where each electrolyte wall consists of thin layers of cathode and anode materials sandwiching a thin layer of electrolyte material therebetween. The electrolyte walls are arranged and backfolded between adjacent interconnect walls operable to define a plurality of core passageways alternately arranged where the inside faces thereof have only the anode material or only the cathode material exposed. Means direct the fuel to the anode-exposed core passageways and means direct the oxidant to the anode-exposed core passageways and means direct the oxidant to the cathode-exposed core passageway; and means also direct the galvanic output to an exterior circuit. Each layer of the electrolyte and interconnect materials is of the order of 0.002 to 0.01 cm thick; and each layer of the cathode and anode materials is of the order of 0.002 to 0.05 cm thick.

Ackerman, J.P.; Young, J.E.

1983-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

438

Early Type Galaxy Core Phase Densities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Early type galaxies, ellipticals and S0's, have two distinct core density profiles, either a power law or nearly flat in projection. The two core types are distributed with substantial overlap in luminosity, radius, mass and velocity dispersion, however, the cores separate into two distinct distributions in their coarse grain phase density, Q_0 = rho/sigma^3,suggesting that dynamical processes played a dominant role in their origin. The transition phase density separating the two elliptical types is approximately 0.003 M_sun pc^-3 km^-3 s^3,. The Q_0*M_c^2 vs M_c diagram shows that globular clusters, nuclear star clusters and power-law cores fall on what is likely a "collisional" sequence of inspiralling globular clusters. on which the relative core mass excess varies as the bulk stellar mass to the -0.34+/-0.08 power, close to predictions, albeit with a correlation coefficient of -0.46. Both power-law and cored galaxies lie on a single sequence of approximately Q_0 ~r_c^-2.2, suggesting that transport proces...

Carlbeg, Raymond

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Synthesis of Lutetium Phosphate/Apoferritin Core-Shell Nanoparticles...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Core-Shell Nanoparticles for Potential Applications in Radioimmunoimaging and Synthesis of Lutetium PhosphateApoferritin Core-Shell Nanoparticles for Potential...

440

Core Analysis At International Geothermal Area, Indonesia (Boitnott...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Area Indonesia Exploration Technique Core Analysis Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown References Greg N. Boitnott (2003) Core Analysis For The Development...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vortex core deformation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Core Analysis At Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area (Laughlin, Et...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Activity Details Location Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Core Analysis Activity Date - 1983 Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes A few cores...

442

DOE CYBER SECURITY EBK: MINIMUM CORE COMPETENCY TRAINING REQUIREMENTS...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE CYBER SECURITY EBK: MINIMUM CORE COMPETENCY TRAINING REQUIREMENTS DOE CYBER SECURITY EBK: CORE COMPETENCY TRAINING REQUIREMENTS: CA Cybersecurity Program Manager (CSPM...

443

Smart” Diblock Copolymers as Templates for Magnetic-Core...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Smart” Diblock Copolymers as Templates for Magnetic-Core Gold-Shell Nanoparticle Synthesis. Smart” Diblock Copolymers as Templates for Magnetic-Core Gold-Shell...

444

OpenStudio Core Development and Deployment Support - 2014 BTO...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Core Development and Deployment Support - 2014 BTO Peer Review OpenStudio Core Development and Deployment Support - 2014 BTO Peer Review Presenter: Larry Brackney, National...

445

E-Print Network 3.0 - air-suspended solid-core fibers Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

solid core subwavelength ber (a) and suspended porous core... December 2011 | 41 TERAHERTZ Suspended Core Subwavelength Plastic ... Source: Skorobogatiy, Maksim -...

446

Large-Eddy Simulation of Stratified Turbulence. Part II: Application of the Stretched-Vortex Model to the Atmospheric Boundary Layer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The buoyancy-adjusted stretched-vortex subgrid-scale (SGS) model is assessed for a number of large-eddy simulations (LESs) corresponding to diverse atmospheric boundary layer conditions. The cases considered are free convection, a moderately ...

Georgios Matheou; Daniel Chung

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

205Tl NMR observation of vortex lattice formation in the high temperature superconductor Tl2Ba2CuO6  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on the asymmetric field distribution of the triangular vortex lattice in the superconductor Tl2Ba2CuO6 as observed by205Tl NMR atB a =4.26 T. A penetra...

M. Mehring; F. Hentsch; Hj. Mattausch…

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Satellite Data Assimilation in Numerical Weather Prediction Models. Part II: Uses of Rain-Affected Radiances from Microwave Observations for Hurricane Vortex Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A hybrid variational scheme (HVAR) is developed to produce the vortex analysis associated with tropical storms. This scheme allows for direct assimilation of rain-affected radiances from satellite microwave instruments. In the HVAR, the ...

Fuzhong Weng; Tong Zhu; Banghua Yan

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Fluid-driven deformation of a soft granular material  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Compressing a porous, fluid-filled material will drive the interstitial fluid out of the pore space, as when squeezing water out of a kitchen sponge. Inversely, injecting fluid into a porous material can deform the solid structure, as when fracturing a shale for natural gas recovery. These poromechanical interactions play an important role in geological and biological systems across a wide range of scales, from the propagation of magma through the Earth's mantle to the transport of fluid through living cells and tissues. The theory of poroelasticity has been largely successful in modeling poromechanical behavior in relatively simple systems, but this continuum theory is fundamentally limited by our understanding of the pore-scale interactions between the fluid and the solid. In growing, melting, granular, and fibrous materials, these interactions can be extremely complex. Here, we present a high-resolution measurement of poromechanical deformation driven by fluid injection. We inject fluid into a dense, confined monolayer of soft particles and use particle tracking to reveal the dynamics of the multi-scale deformation field. While a continuum model based on a modification of conventional poroelastic theory captures certain macroscopic features of the deformation, the particle-scale deformation field exhibits dramatic departures from smooth, continuum behavior. We observe novel grain-scale plasticity and hysteresis, as well as petal-like mesoscale structures that are connected to material failure through spiral shear banding.

Christopher W. MacMinn; Eric R. Dufresne; John S. Wettlaufer

2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

450

A survey of ideal fluid propeller theories and a study of the effects of aerodynamic propeller loading on trailing vortex induced velocity and thrust  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A SURVEY OF IDEAL FLUID PRO~ THEORIES AND A STUIE OP THE EFFECTS OF AERODYNAMIC PRO~ LOADING ON TRAILING VORTEX INDUCED VELOCITY AND THRUST A Thesis EDWARD MADISON ~ Suhmitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in Partial... fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1969 h'h, jor Suhgect: Mechanical Engineering A SURVEY OF IDEAL FLUID PROPELLEB THEORIES AND A STUDY OF THE EFFKTS OF AERODYKVGC PROPELLER LOADING ON TRAILING VORTEX INDUCED...

Kelley, Edward Madison

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

451

A model of the lateral line of fish for vortex sensing This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A model of the lateral line of fish for vortex sensing This article has been downloaded from.1088/1748-3182/7/3/036016 A model of the lateral line of fish for vortex sensing Zheng Ren1 and Kamran Mohseni1,2,3,4 1 Department.iop.org/BB/7/036016 Abstract In this paper, the lateral line trunk canal (LLTC) of a fish is modeled

Mohseni, Kamran

452

Calorimetric study of the transitions between the different vortex states in YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7}.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have studied the vortex phase diagram of YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7{minus}{delta}} (YBCO) in very strong magnetic field (0-26 Tesla) by a.c. calorimetry. We describe the anomalies associated with the transitions between the different vortex states (solid, liquid, and glass), with special emphasis on the first order flux lattice melting.

Bouquet, F.; Calemczuk, R.; Crabtree, G. W.; Erb, A.; Fisher, R. A.; Junod, A.; Kwok, W. K.; Marcenat, C.; Phillips, N. E.; Roulin, M.; Schilling, A.; Welp, U.

1999-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

453

Overview on Hydrate Coring, Handling and Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gas hydrates are crystalline, ice-like compounds of gas and water molecules that are formed under certain thermodynamic conditions. Hydrate deposits occur naturally within ocean sediments just below the sea floor at temperatures and pressures existing below about 500 meters water depth. Gas hydrate is also stable in conjunction with the permafrost in the Arctic. Most marine gas hydrate is formed of microbially generated gas. It binds huge amounts of methane into the sediments. Worldwide, gas hydrate is estimated to hold about 1016 kg of organic carbon in the form of methane (Kvenvolden et al., 1993). Gas hydrate is one of the fossil fuel resources that is yet untapped, but may play a major role in meeting the energy challenge of this century. In June 2002, Westport Technology Center was requested by the Department of Energy (DOE) to prepare a ''Best Practices Manual on Gas Hydrate Coring, Handling and Analysis'' under Award No. DE-FC26-02NT41327. The scope of the task was specifically targeted for coring sediments with hydrates in Alaska, the Gulf of Mexico (GOM) and from the present Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) drillship. The specific subjects under this scope were defined in 3 stages as follows: Stage 1: Collect information on coring sediments with hydrates, core handling, core preservation, sample transportation, analysis of the core, and long term preservation. Stage 2: Provide copies of the first draft to a list of experts and stakeholders designated by DOE. Stage 3: Produce a second draft of the manual with benefit of input from external review for delivery. The manual provides an overview of existing information available in the published literature and reports on coring, analysis, preservation and transport of gas hydrates for laboratory analysis as of June 2003. The manual was delivered as draft version 3 to the DOE Project Manager for distribution in July 2003. This Final Report is provided for records purposes.

Jon Burger; Deepak Gupta; Patrick Jacobs; John Shillinglaw

2003-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

454

CFD Analysis of Core Bypass Phenomena  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy is exploring the potential for the VHTR which will be either of a prismatic or a pebble-bed type. One important design consideration for the reactor core of a prismatic VHTR is coolant bypass flow which occurs in the interstitial regions between fuel blocks. Such gaps are an inherent presence in the reactor core because of tolerances in manufacturing the blocks and the inexact nature of their installation. Furthermore, the geometry of the graphite blocks changes over the lifetime of the reactor because of thermal expansion and irradiation damage. The existence of the gaps induces a flow bias in the fuel blocks and results in unexpected increase of maximum fuel temperature. Traditionally, simplified methods such as flow network calculations employing experimental correlations are used to estimate flow and temperature distributions in the core design. However, the distribution of temperature in the fuel pins and graphite blocks as well as coolant outlet temperatures are strongly coupled with the local heat generation rate within fuel blocks which is not uniformly distributed in the core. Hence, it is crucial to establish mechanistic based methods which can be applied to the reactor core thermal hydraulic design and safety analysis. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) codes, which have a capability of local physics based simulation, are widely used in various industrial fields. This study investigates core bypass flow phenomena with the assistance of commercial CFD codes and establishes a baseline for evaluation methods. A one-twelfth sector of the hexagonal block surface is modeled and extruded down to whole core length of 10.704m. The computational domain is divided vertically with an upper reflector, a fuel section and a lower reflector. Each side of the sector grid can be set as a symmetry boundary

Richard W. Johnson; Hiroyuki Sato; Richard R. Schultz

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

CFD Analysis of Core Bypass Phenomena  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy is exploring the potential for the VHTR which will be either of a prismatic or a pebble-bed type. One important design consideration for the reactor core of a prismatic VHTR is coolant bypass flow which occurs in the interstitial regions between fuel blocks. Such gaps are an inherent presence in the reactor core because of tolerances in manufacturing the blocks and the inexact nature of their installation. Furthermore, the geometry of the graphite blocks changes over the lifetime of the reactor because of thermal expansion and irradiation damage. The existence of the gaps induces a flow bias in the fuel blocks and results in unexpected increase of maximum fuel temperature. Traditionally, simplified methods such as flow network calculations employing experimental correlations are used to estimate flow and temperature distributions in the core design. However, the distribution of temperature in the fuel pins and graphite blocks as well as coolant outlet temperatures are strongly coupled with the local heat generation rate within fuel blocks which is not uniformly distributed in the core. Hence, it is crucial to establish mechanistic based methods which can be applied to the reactor core thermal hydraulic design and safety analysis. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) codes, which have a capability of local physics based simulation, are widely used in various industrial fields. This study investigates core bypass flow phenomena with the assistance of commercial CFD codes and establishes a baseline for evaluation methods. A one-twelfth sector of the hexagonal block surface is modeled and extruded down to whole core length of 10.704m. The computational domain is divided vertically with an upper reflector, a fuel section and a lower reflector. Each side of the one-twelfth grid can be set as a symmetry boundary

Richard W. Johnson; Hiroyuki Sato; Richard R. Schultz

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Contemporary Tectonic Deformation of the Basin and Range Province, Western  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Contemporary Tectonic Deformation of the Basin and Range Province, Western Contemporary Tectonic Deformation of the Basin and Range Province, Western United States: 10 Years of Observation with the Global Positioning System Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Contemporary Tectonic Deformation of the Basin and Range Province, Western United States: 10 Years of Observation with the Global Positioning System Abstract [1] We have estimated patterns and rates of crustal movement across 800 km of the Basin and Range at ∼39° north latitude with Global Positioning System surveys in 1992, 1996, 1998, and 2002. The total rate of motion tangent to the small circle around the Pacific-North America pole of rotation is 10.4 ± 1.0 mm/yr, and motion normal to this small circle is 3.9 ± 0.9 mm/yr compared to the east end of our network. On the Colorado

457

Nuclear skin emergence in Skyrme deformed Hartree-Fock calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A study of the charge and matter densities and the corresponding rms radii for even-even isotopes of Ni, Kr, and Sn has been performed in the framework of deformed self-consistent mean field Skyrme HF+BCS method. The resulting charge radii and neutron skin thicknesses of these nuclei are compared with available experimental data, as well as with other theoretical predictions. The formation of a neutron skin, which manifests itself in an excess of neutrons at distances greater than the radius of the proton distribution, is analyzed in terms of various definitions. Formation of a proton skin is shown to be unlikely. The effects of deformation on the neutron skins in even-even deformed nuclei far from the stability line are discussed.

Sarriguren, P; de Guerra, E Moya; Antonov, A N

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Kinematic quantities of finite elastic and plastic deformation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kinematic quantities for finite elastic and plastic deformations are defined via an approach that does not rely on auxiliary elements like reference frame and reference configuration, and that gives account of the inertial-noninertial aspects explicitly. These features are achieved by working on Galilean spacetime directly. The quantity expressing elastic deformations is introduced according to its expected role: to measure how different the current metric is from the relaxed/stressless metric. Further, the plastic kinematic quantity is the change rate of the stressless metric. The properties of both are analyzed, and their relationship to frequently used elastic and plastic kinematic quantities is discussed. One important result is that no objective elastic or plastic quantities can be defined from deformation gradient.

T. Fülöp; P. Ván

2012-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

459

Deformation and failure of zircaloy fuel sheaths under LOCA conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A unified, microstructural creep law which simulates the transient creep deformation of Zircaloy at temperatures above 750 K has been used to follow the interaction of diffusional and dislocation creep with changes in material microstructure (grain size, recrystallization, phase fraction and anisotropy) under loss-of-coolant accident (LOCA) conditions. Comparison of a membrane sheath model using this creep law with a large number of tube tests (>700) in an inert environment had demonstrated good predictive capability. This model has been extended to cover other aspects affecting deformation deformation and failure of CANDU fuel sheaths such as: nonuniform structure distribution resulting from temperature profiles along the sheath length, oxidation of the fuel sheaths, cracking of the oxidized layers and localized straining, large strain failure, and failure by beryllium-assisted cracking. 13 figures, 26 references.

Sagat, S.; Sills, H.E.; Walsworth, J.A.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Experimental and thermodynamical analyses of the diesel exhaust vortex generator heat exchanger for optimizing its operating condition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this research, a vortex generator heat exchanger is used to recover exergy from the exhaust of an OM314 diesel engine. Twenty vortex generators with 30° angle of attack are used to increase the heat recovery as well as the low back pressure in the exhaust. The experiments are prepared for five engine loads (0, 20, 40, 60 and 80% of full load), two exhaust gases amount (50 and 100%) and four water mass flow rates (50, 40, 30 and 20 g/s). After a thermodynamical analysis on the obtained data, an optimization study based on Central Composite Design (CCD) is performed due to complex effect of engine loads and water mass flow rates on exergy recovery and irreversibility to reach the best operating condition.

M. Hatami; D.D. Ganji; M. Gorji-Bandpy

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vortex core deformation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Interstitials, Vacancies and Dislocations in Flux-Line Lattices: A Theory of Vortex Crystals, Supersolids and Liquids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study a three dimensional Abrikosov vortex lattice in the presence of an equilibrium concentration of vacancy, interstitial and dislocation loops. Vacancies and interstitials renormalize the long-wavelength bulk and tilt elastic moduli. Dislocation loops lead to the vanishing of the long-wavelength shear modulus. The coupling to vacancies and interstitials - which are always present in the liquid state - allows dislocations to relax stresses by climbing out of their glide plane. Surprisingly, this mechanism does not yield any further independent renormalization of the tilt and compressional moduli at long wavelengths. The long wavelength properties of the resulting state are formally identical to that of the ``flux-line hexatic'' that is a candidate ``normal'' hexatically ordered vortex liquid state.

M. Cristina Marchetti; Leo Radzihovsky

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Instantaneous crankshaft torsional deformation during turbocharged diesel engine operation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An experimentally validated diesel engine code is used to study the crankshaft torsional deformations originating in the difference between instantaneous engine and load torques. The analysis aims in studying the phenomena under critical conditions, namely operation when one cylinder malfunctions ('open valves' or motoring situation) as well as during transient conditions. A detailed crankshaft torsional model is formulated; this takes into account cylinder gas, inertia, friction, load and stiffness and damping torques. Details are provided concerning the underlying mechanism of the crankshaft torsional deformations, which can assume significant values depending on the specific configuration, being important for safe engine operation.

E.G. Giakoumis; I.A. Dodoulas; C.D. Rakopoulos

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Nuclear reactions in hot stellar matter and nuclear surface deformations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cross sections for capture reactions of charged particles in hot stellar matter turn out be increased by the quadrupole surface oscillations when the corresponding phonon energies are of the order of the star temperature. This increase is studied in a model that combines barrier distribution induced by surface oscillations and tunneling. The capture of charged particles by nuclei with well-deformed ground states is enhanced in stellar matter. It is found that the influence of quadrupole surface deformation on the nuclear reactions in stars grows when mass and proton numbers in colliding nuclei increase.

V. Yu. Denisov

2006-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

464

Motion-Induced Radiation from a Dynamically Deforming Mirror  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A path integral formulation is developed to study the spectrum of radiation from a perfectly reflecting (conducting) surface. It allows us to study arbitrary deformations in space and time. The spectrum is calculated to second order in the height function. For a harmonic traveling wave on the surface, we find many different regimes in which the radiation is restricted to certain directions. It is shown that high frequency photons are emitted in a beam with relatively low angular dispersion whose direction can be controlled by the mechanical deformations of the plate.

Faez Miri; Ramin Golestanian

1998-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

465

A microscopic view of accelerated dynamics in deformed polymer glasses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A molecular level analysis of segmental trajectories obtained from molecular dynamics simulations is used to obtain the full relaxation time spectrum in aging polymer glasses subject to three different deformation protocols. As in experiments, dynamics can be accelerated by several orders of magnitude, and a narrowing of the distribution of relaxation times during creep is directly observed. Additionally, the acceleration factor describing the transformation of the relaxation time distributions is computed and found to obey a universal dependence on the global strain, independent of age and deformation protocol.

Mya Warren; Joerg Rottler

2010-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

466

Vortex graphs as N-omers and CP(N-1) Skyrmions in N-component Bose-Einstein condensates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stable vortex N-omers are constructed in coherently coupled N-component Bose-Einstein condensates. We classify all possible N-omers in terms of the mathematical graph theory and numerically construct all graphs for N=2,3,4. We also find that N-omers are well described as CP(N-1) skyrmions when inter-component and intra-component couplings are U(N) symmetric, and we evaluate their size dependence on the Rabi coupling.

Minoru Eto; Muneto Nitta

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

467

CA Core Competency Worksheet August 2010  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

CA Core Competency Worksheet August 2010 CA Core Competency Worksheet August 2010 1 DOE CYBER SECURITY EBK: CORE COMPETENCY TRAINING REQUIREMENTS Key Cyber Security Role: Certification Agent (CA) (Also referred to as Security Control Assessor) Role Definition: The CA is the individual responsible for assessing the management, operational, assurance, and technical security controls implemented on an information system via security testing and evaluation (ST&E) methods. This individual must be independent of system development, operation, and deficiency mitigation. Competency Area: Data Security Functional Requirement: Design Competency Definition: Refers to the application of the principles, policies, and procedures necessary to ensure the confidentiality, integrity, availability, and privacy of data in all forms of media (i.e., electronic

468

Analytical Chemistry Core Capability Assessment - Preliminary Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The concept of 'core capability' can be nebulous one. Even at a fairly specific level, where core capability equals maintaining essential services, it is highly dependent upon the perspective of the requestor. Samples are submitted to analytical services because the requesters do not have the capability to conduct adequate analyses themselves. Some requests are for general chemical information in support of R and D, process control, or process improvement. Many analyses, however, are part of a product certification package and must comply with higher-level customer quality assurance requirements. So which services are essential to that customer - just those for product certification? Does the customer also (indirectly) need services that support process control and improvement? And what is the timeframe? Capability is often expressed in terms of the currently utilized procedures, and most programmatic customers can only plan a few years out, at best. But should core capability consider the long term where new technologies, aging facilities, and personnel replacements must be considered? These questions, and a multitude of others, explain why attempts to gain long-term consensus on the definition of core capability have consistently failed. This preliminary report will not try to define core capability for any specific program or set of programs. Instead, it will try to address the underlying concerns that drive the desire to determine core capability. Essentially, programmatic customers want to be able to call upon analytical chemistry services to provide all the assays they need, and they don't want to pay for analytical chemistry services they don't currently use (or use infrequently). This report will focus on explaining how the current analytical capabilities and methods evolved to serve a variety of needs with a focus on why some analytes have multiple analytical techniques, and what determines the infrastructure for these analyses. This information will be useful in defining a roadmap for what future capability needs to look like.

Barr, Mary E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Farish, Thomas J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

469

Reactor Core Assembly - HFIR Technical Parameters | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Home › Facilities › HFIR › Reactor Core Assembly Home › Facilities › HFIR › Reactor Core Assembly Reactor Core Assembly The reactor core assembly is contained in an 8-ft (2.44-m)-diameter pressure vessel located in a pool of water. The top of the pressure vessel is 17 ft (5.18 m) below the pool surface, and the reactor horizontal mid-plane is 27.5 ft (8.38 m) below the pool surface. The control plate drive mechanisms are located in a subpile room beneath the pressure vessel. These features provide the necessary shielding for working above the reactor core and greatly facilitate access to the pressure vessel, core, and reflector regions. In-core irradiation and experiment locations (cross section at horizontal midplane) Reactor core assembly Reactor core assembly: (1) in-core irradiation and experiment locations,

470

Experimental optimization of a free vortex propeller runner for micro hydro application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The turbine technology for low head application in the micro hydro range has been vastly neglected despite niche available in scattered regions of valley flows as well as in wastewater canals and other energy recovery schemes, where the available head does not exceed 2 meters. The goal of this study is to develop hydraulically optimized propeller turbines for the micro hydro range with a particular focus on ease of manufacture. This paper presents a wide range of geometrical optimization steps carried out on a propeller runner, whose blades have been designed using the free vortex theory, and operating with a gross head from 1.5 to 2 m and discharge of approximately 75 l/s. It further illustrates 3 stages of geometrical modifications carried out on the runner with an objective of optimizing the runner performance. These modifications comprised of changes to the tip angles (both at the runner inlet and exit) as well as the hub angles (at the runner inlet) of the runner blades. The paper also presents an interesting theoretical methodology to analyze the effects of each optimization stage. This method looks at the relative changes to shaft power and discharge at constant head and speed and gives wonderful insight as to how the internal parameters like Euler shaft work and runner hydraulic losses are behaving with respect to each optimization stage. It was found that the performance of the runner was very sensitive to changes to exit tip angle. At two levels of modification, the discharge increased in the range of 15-30%, while shaft power increased in the range of 12-45%, thus influencing the efficiency characteristics. The results of the runner inlet tip modification were very interesting in that a very significant rise of turbine efficiency was recorded from 55% to 74% at the best efficiency point, which was caused by a reduced discharge consumption as well as a higher power generation. It was also found that the optimization study on a propeller runner has reasonably validated the estimates of the free vortex theory despite small deviations. The final runner configuration demonstrated a maximum efficiency of 74% ({+-}1.8%), which is very encouraging from the perspectives of micro hydro application. The paper concludes with recommendations of a series of optimization steps to increase the efficiency of the runner. It also recommends the attempt of Computational Fluid Dynamics both as a validation and optimization tool for future research on propeller runners. (author)

Singh, Punit; Nestmann, Franz [Institute for Water and River Basin Management (IWG), University of Karlsruhe, Kaiser Str. 12, D 76128 Karlsruhe (Germany)

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

471

SECA Core Technology Program Seal Workshop  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

SECA Core Technology Program Seal Workshop Workshop held at Hyatt Regency, San Antonio August 10, 2007 Workshop organized by: Dr. Ayyakkannu Manivannan, National Energy technology Laboratory Morgantown, WV Dr. Prabhakar Singh Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, WA 1 2 Table of Content * Executive Summary * Meeting Agenda * Presentations * List of Attendees 3 Executive Summary SECA Core Technology Program (SECA CTP) led workshop on the topical area titled "SOFC seal: Technology, Challenges and Future Directions" was held on August 10, 2007 at Hyatt Regency, San Antonio, TX. The workshop was attended by scientists and engineers presently involved in the development, engineering, fabrication, and testing of

472

Thermal metastabilities in the solar core  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Linear stability analysis indicates that solar core is thermally stable for infinitesimal internal perturbations. For the first time, thermal metastabilities are found in the solar core when outer perturbations with significant amplitude are present. The obtained results show that hot bubbles generated by outer perturbations may travel a significant distance in the body of the Sun. These deep-origin hot bubbles have mass, energy, and chemical composition that may be related to solar flares. The results obtained may have remarkable relations to activity cycles in planets like Jupiter and also in extrasolar planetary systems.

Attila Grandpierre; Gabor Agoston

2002-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

473

Conformal Deformation from Normal to Hermitian Random Matrix Ensembles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the eigenvalues statistics of ensembles of normal random matrices when their order N tends to infinite. In the model the eigenvalues have uniform density within a region determined by a simple analytic polynomial curve. We study the conformal deformations of normal random ensembles to Hermitian random ensembles and give sufficient conditions for the latter to be a Wigner ensemble.

Alexei M. Veneziani; Tiago Pereira; Domingos H. U. Marchetti

2009-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

474

Virtual deformation of soft tissue using bulk variables  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present an alternative online simulation model for human tissue. Online simulation of human tissue deformation during surgical training or surgical assistance is becoming increasingly important within the medical community. Unfortunately, even classical ... Keywords: soft tissue simulation, surgical simulators, virtual reality

K. Sundaraj

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Master Thesis: Simulation of plastic deformation in cemented carbide inserts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Master Thesis: Simulation of plastic deformation in cemented carbide inserts Background Sandvik in cemented carbide, high-speed steel and other hard materials such as diamond, cubic boron nitride in cemented carbide inserts will be performed using the FEM software Ansys and AdvantEdge. The work

Haviland, David

476

Anisotropic phonon-dislocation scattering in deformed LiF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

By direct imaging of ballistic phonons having equivalent temperatures near 4 K in LiF, we have found that a subset of fast-transverse phonons can propagate without scattering even in heavily deformed samples. The highly anisotropic phonon-scattering cross section is consistent with the concept of fluttering dislocations. The magnitude of the scattering cross section has been obtained for the first time. For small plastic deformation the measured cross section agrees with that calculated theoretically using a measured dislocation density. However, at large deformation the calculated cross section is too small, supporting the speculation that a larger density of dislocation dipoles may provide the dominant scattering. Also consistent with the concept of fluttering dislocations, ? irradiation reduces the phonon scattering created by deformation, presumably by pinning of the dislocations. It is demonstrated that the method of phonon imaging used here provides details of phonon scattering processes which are not available from conventional thermal-transport measurements, especially when the scattering is anisotropic.

G. A. Northrop; E. J. Cotts; A. C. Anderson; J. P. Wolfe

1983-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

477

CONTAINED PLASTIC DEFORMATION NEAR CRACKS AND NOTCHES UNDER LONGITUDINAL SHEAR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONTAINED PLASTIC DEFORMATION NEAR CRACKS AND NOTCHES UNDER LONGITUDINAL SHEAR James R. Rice* ABSTRACT An exact linear elastic-perfectly plastic solution is presented for the problem of a sharp notch coordinates corresponding to given stresses, position of the elastic-plastic boundary, and accompanying

478

Graded Materials for Resistance to Contact Deformation and Damage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Graded Materials for Resistance to Contact Deformation and Damage S. Suresh The mechanical response, materials sci- entists increasingly aim to engineer graded materials that are more damage-resistant than of materials with spatial gradients in composition and structure is of considerable interest in disciplines

Suresh, Subra

479

Cylindric Macdonald functions and a deformation of the Verlinde algebra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cylindric Macdonald functions and a deformation of the Verlinde algebra Christian Korff (christian arxiv: 1110.6356 December 6, 2011 Christian Korff Cylindric Macdonald functions #12;Outline 1 q-Heisenberg algebra and exactly solvable lattice models 2 partition functions: cylindric Macdonald functions 3

Guo, Zaoyang

480

Influence of shockwave obliquity on deformation twin formation in Ta  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energetic loading subjects a material to a 'Taylor wave' (triangular wave) loading profile that experiences an evolving balance of hydrostatic (spherical) and deviatoric stresses. While much has been learned over the past five decades concerning the propensity of deformation twinning in samples shockloaded using 'square-topped' profiles as a function of peak stress, achieved most commonly via flyer plate loading, less is known concerning twinning propensity during non-I-dimensional sweeping detonation wave loading. Systematic small-scale energetically-driven shock loading experiments were conducted on Ta samples shock loaded with PEFN that was edge detonated. Deformation twinning was quantified in post-mortem samples as a function of detonation geometry and radial position. In the edge detonated loading geometry examined in this paper, the average volume fraction of deformation twins was observed to drastically increase with increasing shock obliquity. The results of this study are discussed in light of the formation mechanisms of deformation twins, previous literature studies of twinning in shocked materials, and modeling of the effects of shock obliquity on the evolution of the stress tensor during shock loading.

Gray, George T., III [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Livescu, V [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Cerreta, E K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mason, T A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Maudlin, P J [RETIRED; Bingert, J F [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vortex core deformation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Labeling the Brain Surface Using a Deformable Multiresolution Mesh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Labeling the Brain Surface Using a Deformable Multiresolution Mesh Sylvain Jaume1 , Beno^it Macq2 Abstract. We propose to match a labeled mesh onto the patient brain surface in a multiresolution way for labeling the patient brain. Labeling the patient brain surface provides a map of the brain folds where

Desbrun, Mathieu

482

Deformable Organisms and Error Learning for Brain Segmentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Deformable Organisms and Error Learning for Brain Segmentation Gautam Prasad1,2 , Anand A. Joshi3 be easily incorporated into the plan. We validate this framework by creating a plan to locate the brain in 3D magnetic resonance images of the head (skull-stripping). This is important for surgical planning

Boyer, Edmond

483

Structured Deformations as Energy Minimizers in Models of Fracture and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Structured Deformations as Energy Minimizers in Models of Fracture and Hysteresis R. Choksi and for a bar experiencing both smooth exten- sion and macroscopic fractures then are determined, and applications to the shearing of single crystals and to the cohesive fracture of solids are discussed. Yield

484

Interactive Furniture Design: Using Deformable Models to Create Chairs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brand, MIT Media Laboratory Abstract Deformable models that evolve under a set of mutual forces and structurally sound. We encode the input image and knowledge of furniture design into a set of force fields as input an image of the silhouette of a seated person, and then designs a chair that is comfortable

Agarwala, Aseem

485

TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY OF WEAKLY DEFORMED ALKALI HALIDE CRYSTALS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

377 TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY OF WEAKLY DEFORMED ALKALI HALIDE CRYSTALS H. STRUNK Max'importance croissante du durcissement de la solution solide. Abstract. 2014 Transmission electron microscopy (TEM Abstracts 7j66 - 7 I' 1. Introduction. - It is only some years ago that transmission electron microscopy

Boyer, Edmond

486

Deformed dispersion relations and the degree of coherence function  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The analysis of the modifications that the presence of a deformed dispersion relation entails in the roots of the so--called degree of coherence function, for a beam embodying two different frequencies and moving in a Michelson interferometer, is carried out. The conditions to be satisfied, in order to detect this kind of quantum gravity effect, are also obtained.

A. Camacho; A. Macias

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

487

Large Deformation Constitutive Laws for Isotropic Thermoelastic Materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We examine the approximations made in using Hooke's law as a constitutive relation for an isotropic thermoelastic material subjected to large deformation by calculating the stress evolution equation from the free energy. For a general thermoelastic material, we employ the volume-preserving part of the deformation gradient to facilitate volumetric/shear strain decompositions of the free energy, its first derivatives (the Cauchy stress and entropy), and its second derivatives (the specific heat, Grueneisen tensor, and elasticity tensor). Specializing to isotropic materials, we calculate these constitutive quantities more explicitly. For deformations with limited shear strain, but possibly large changes in volume, we show that the differential equations for the stress components involve new terms in addition to the traditional Hooke's law terms. These new terms are of the same order in the shear strain as the objective derivative terms needed for frame indifference; unless the latter terms are negligible, the former cannot be neglected. We also demonstrate that accounting for the new terms requires that the deformation gradient be included as a field variable

Plohr, Bradley J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Plohr, Jeeyeon N. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

488

Measuring and segmentation in CT data using deformable Vclav Krajcek  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tomography (CT). We take advantage of long-time research in the area of deformable models. We have developed Snakes, CT, Medical Segmentation, Volume Measurement. 1 INTRODUCTION Computed tomography is a common tool, that temperature of healthy body is about 36,5 C. Higher temperature means that body is fighting with an illness

Pelikan, Josef

489

Possible Ground-State Octupole Deformation in Pa229  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Evidence is presented for the occurrence of a 52± parity doublet as the ground state of Pa229, in agreement with a previous theoretical prediction. The doublet splitting energy is measured to be 0.22±0.05 keV. The relation of this doublet to ground-state octupole deformation is discussed.

I. Ahmad; J. E. Gindler; R. R. Betts; R. R. Chasman; A. M. Friedman

1982-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

490

MATLOC. Transient Non Lin Deformation in Fractured Rock  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

MATLOC is a nonlinear, transient, two-dimensional (planer and axisymmetric), thermal stress, finite-element code designed to determine the deformation within a fractured rock mass. The mass is modeled as a nonlinear anistropic elastic material which can exhibit stress-dependent bi-linear locking behavior.

Boonlualohr, P.; Mustoe, G.; Williams, J.R.; Lester, B.H.; Huyakorn, P.S. [Geotrans Inc., (United States)

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Adiabatic plastic deformation: the case of cutting process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Numerical and experimental research program was developed taking into account the high speed machining particularities. The results was analyzed by approaching the cutting process as adiabatic plastic deformation process. Firstly, the process of material ... Keywords: adiabatic cutting process, cutting thermodynamic system, high speed machining, surface layer

C. Maier; V. Vacarus; M. Banu; A. Epureanu

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

High temperature (600 to 800/sup 0/C) thermally activated deformation behavior of. cap alpha. -Zircaloy-4-oxygen alloys. [DS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The high temperature thermally activated deformation behavior of Zircaloy-4-oxygen alloys containing oxygen up to 1 wt % has been investigated. Decremental unloading technique (Dip technique) was employed to determine the internal stress (tau/sub ..mu../) and thus the effective stress (tau*). Strain rate change tests were done to determine strain rate sensitivity (m) and activation volume (V*). Activation energy (..delta..G/sup ..mu../) was calculated from the above data. Oxygen was found to produce an increase in y.s. (0.2%), tau* and ..delta..G/sub 0//sup ..mu../ and a decrease in m and V* while tau/sub ..mu../ was not affected significantly. These experimental results support the view that the predominant rate controlling mechanism for deformation in this temperature regime is the thermally activated breaking of attractive junctions for these alloys. Oxygen atoms, pairs or clusters of oxygen atoms, are ruled out as barriers, instead the strengthening is attributed to an increase in the core width of the dislocations due to the presence of oxygen. This in turn results in a more stable attractive junction, which is reflected in the increasing values of ..delta..G/sub 0//sup ..mu../ with the increase in oxygen. Finally it is suggested that the atypical temperature dependence of tau/sub ..mu..//..mu.. and ..delta..G/sup ..mu../ is a direct consequence of dynamic recovery.

Mehrotra, B.N.; Tangri, K.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Static solitons of the sine-Gordon equation and equilibrium vortex structure in Josephson junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The problem of vortex structure in a single Josephson junction in an external magnetic field, in the absence of transport currents, is reconsidered from a new mathematical point of view. In particular, we derive a complete set of exact analytical solutions representing all the stationary points (minima and saddle-points) of the relevant Gibbs free-energy functional. The type of these solutions is determined by explicit evaluation of the second variation of the Gibbs free-energy functional. The stable (physical) solutions minimizing the Gibbs free-energy functional form an infinite set and are labeled by a topological number N{sub v}=0,1,2,... . Mathematically, they can be interpreted as nontrivial 'vacuum' (N{sub v}=0) and static topological solitons (N{sub v}=1,2,...) of the sine-Gordon equation for the phase difference in a finite spatial interval: solutions of this kind were not considered in previous literature. Physically, they represent the Meissner state (N{sub v}=0) and Josephson vortices (N{sub v}=1,2,...). Major properties of the new physical solutions are thoroughly discussed. An exact, closed-form analytical expression for the Gibbs free energy is derived and analyzed numerically. Unstable (saddle-point) solutions are also classified and discussed.

Kuplevakhsky, S. V.; Glukhov, A. M. [B. I. Verkin Institute for Low Temperature Physics and Engineering, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 47 Lenin Avenue, 61103 Kharkov (Ukraine)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Effects of vortex generators on a blunt trailing-edge airfoil for wind turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Vortex generators (VGs) are commonly-used effective flow separation control devices, and are proved to have potential to improve the aerodynamic performance of large wind turbines. In this paper, the flow physics of \\{VGs\\} and how their size affects the aerodynamic performance of a blunt trailing-edge airfoil DU97-W-300 have been investigated using CFD simulations. Based on wind turbine dedicated airfoil with and without \\{VGs\\} respectively, three-dimensional numerical models were established and further validated through the comparisons between the numerical results and the experimental data. The effects of VGs' size were analyzed from several perspectives, such as trailing-edge height, length, short and long spacing between an adjacent pair of VGs. The results indicate that drag penalty is more sensitive to the increase of VG height than lift; an increment of VG length leads to negative effects on both lift and drag; increases of the spacing between an adjacent pair of \\{VGs\\} have positive impact on suppression of separated flow. Additionally, the flow field characteristics were further revealed by the analysis of streamlines and vortices in the wake region.

Linyue Gao; Hui Zhang; Yongqian Liu; Shuang Han

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Engineering Nanocolumnar Defect Configurations for Optimized Vortex Pinning in High Temperature Superconducting Nanocomposite Wires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High temperature superconducting (HTS), coated conductor wires based on nanocomposite films containing self-assembled, insulating BaZrO3 (BZO) nanocolumnar defects have previously been reported to exhibit enhanced vortex pinning. Here, we report on microstructural design via control of BZO nanocolumns density in YBa2Cu3O7- (YBCO)+BZO nancomposite films to achieve the highest critical current density, Jc(H, ,T). X-ray diffraction and microstructural examination shows increasing number density of epitaxial BZO nanocolumns in the highly cube-textured YBCO matrix with increasing nominal BZO additions. Transport property measurement reveals that an increase in BZO content upto 4 vol% is required to sustain the highest pinning and Jc performance as the magnetic field increases. By growing thicker, single-layer nanocomposite films (~4 m) with controlled density of BZO columnar defects, the critical current (Ic) of ~1000 A/cm at 77 K, self-field and the minimum Ic of 455 A/cm at 65 K and 3 T for all magnetic field orientations were obtained. This is the highest Ic reported to date for films on metallic templates which are the basis for the 2nd generation, coated conductor-based HTS wires.

Wee, Sung Hun [ORNL; Zuev, Yuri L [ORNL; Cantoni, Claudia [ORNL; Goyal, Amit [ORNL; Ahuja, Raj [Waukesha Electric Systems Inc.; Abiade, J. [North Carolina A& T State University

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Moving vortex phases, dynamical symmetry breaking, and jamming for vortices in honeycomb pinning arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We show using numerical simulations that vortices in honeycomb pinning arrays can exhibit a remarkable variety of dynamical phases that are distinct from those found for triangular and square pinning arrays. In the honeycomb arrays, it is possible for the interstitial vortices to form dimer or higher n-mer states which have an additional orientational degree of freedom that can lead to the formation of vortex molecular crystals. For filling fractions where dimer states appear, a dynamical symmetry breaking can occur when the dimers flow in one of two possible alignment directions. This leads to transport in the direction transverse to the applied drive. We show that dimerization produces distinct types of moving phases which depend on the direction of the driving force with respect to the pinning lattice symmetry. When the dimers are driven along certain directions, a reorientation of the dimers can produce a jamming phenomenon which results in a strong enhancement in the critical depinning force. The jamming can also cause unusual effects such as an increase in the critical depinning force when the size of the pinning sites is reduced.

Reichhardt, Charles [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Reichhardt, Cynthia [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

On the efficiency of energy harvesting using vortex-induced vibrations of cables  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Many technologies based on fluid–structure interaction mechanisms are being developed to harvest energy from geophysical flows. The velocity of such flows is low, and so is their energy density. Large systems are therefore required to extract a significant amount of energy. The question of the efficiency of energy harvesting using vortex-induced vibrations (VIV) of cables is addressed in this paper, through two reference configurations: (i) a long tensioned cable with periodically-distributed harvesters and (ii) a hanging cable with a single harvester at its upper extremity. After validation against either direct numerical simulations or experiments, an appropriate reduced-order wake-oscillator model is used to perform parametric studies of the impact of the harvesting parameters on the efficiency. For both configurations, an optimal set of parameters is identified and it is shown that the maximum efficiency is close to the value reached with an elastically-mounted rigid cylinder. The variability of the efficiency is studied in light of the fundamental properties of each configuration, i.e. body flexibility and gravity-induced spatial variation of the tension. In the periodically-distributed harvester configuration, it is found that the standing-wave nature of the vibration and structural mode selection plays a central role in energy extraction. In contrast, the efficiency of the hanging cable is essentially driven by the occurrence of traveling wave vibrations.

Clément Grouthier; Sébastien Michelin; Rémi Bourguet; Yahya Modarres-Sadeghi; Emmanuel de Langre

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Development of a free vortex wake method code for offshore floating wind turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Offshore floating wind turbines (OFWTs) present unique aerodynamic analysis challenges. Motion–derived velocity perturbations in the wake necessitate higher–fidelity aerodynamic analysis methods than the ubiquitous momentum balance techniques currently in use. A more physically–sound approach is to model the wake generated by a wind turbine rotor as a freely convecting lattice, using the resultant inflow to estimate rotor loads, as it done with a free vortex wake method (FVM). The FVM code Wake Induced Dynamics Simulator (WInDS) was developed at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst to predict the aerodynamic loading and wake evolution of an OFWT to a higher degree of accuracy than is possible via momentum balance methods. A series of validation cases were conducted to provide some basis for applying \\{WInDS\\} to floating wind turbine cases, for which no aerodynamic experimental data is currently available. The results from these tests show that \\{WInDS\\} is able to accurately predict the aerodynamically–derived loads and wake structures generated by various fixed and rotary–wing cases, and may therefore be applied to more complex cases, like OFWTs, with a degree of confidence.

T. Sebastian; M.A. Lackner

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Germania-Based Core Optical Fibers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Germania-glass-based core silica glass cladding single-mode fibers (Delta n up to 0.143) with a minimum loss of 20 dB/km at 1.9 µm were fabricated by the modified chemical vapor...

Dianov, Evgeny M; Mashinsky, Valery M

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Introduction What is the Common Core Curriculum?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

been, and continue to be, of deeply profound significance to humankind, the core intellectual skills education, it is important that you choose your courses carefully. To this end, the handbook provides you. These learning outcomes are statements that specify precisely what you should be able to do at the end

Leung, Ka-Cheong