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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volcanic age host" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

archean volcanic hosted: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

greenstone pile Sandiford, Mike 23 Application of magnetic amplitude inversion in exploration for natural gas in volcanics Yaoguo Li, Center for Gravity, Electrical, and...

2

Cosmos greenstone terrane: Insights into an Archaean volcanic arc, associated with komatiite-hosted nickel sulphide mineralisation, from U-Pb dating, volcanic stratigraphy and geochemistry†  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Neoarchaean Agnew-Wiluna greenstone belt (AWB) of the Kalgoorlie Terrane, within the Eastern Goldfields Superterrane (EGS) of the Yilgarn Craton, Western Australia, contains several world-class, komatiite-hosted, ...

De Joux, Alexandra; Joux, Alexandra de

2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

3

DETECTING VOLCANISM ON EXTRASOLAR PLANETS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The search for extrasolar rocky planets has already found the first transiting rocky super-Earth, Corot 7b, with a surface temperature that allows for magma oceans. Here, we investigate whether we could distinguish rocky planets with recent major volcanism by remote observation. We develop a model for volcanic eruptions on an Earth-like exoplanet based on the present-day Earth and derive the observable features in emergent and transmission spectra for multiple scenarios of gas distribution and cloud cover. We calculate the observation time needed to detect explosive volcanism on exoplanets in primary as well as secondary eclipse and discuss the likelihood of observing volcanism on transiting Earth-sized to super-Earth-sized exoplanets. We find that sulfur dioxide from large explosive eruptions does present a spectral signal that is remotely detectable especially for secondary eclipse measurements around the closest stars and ground-based telescopes, and report the frequency and magnitude of the expected signatures. The transit probability of a planet in the habitable zone decreases with distance from the host star, making small, nearby host stars the best targets.

Kaltenegger, L.; Sasselov, D. D. [Harvard University, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Henning, W. G., E-mail: lkaltene@cfa.harvard.ed [Harvard University, EPS, 20 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

4

Asteroseismic determination of the physical characteristics of the planetary system host HR\\,8799 ($\\lambda$ Bootis nature and age)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HR\\,8799 is a $\\lambda$ Bootis, $\\gamma$ Doradus star hosting a planetary system and a debris disk with two rings. This makes this system a very interesting target for asteroseismic studies. In particular, this work is devoted to the determination of the internal metallicity of this star, linked with its $\\lambda$ Bootis nature, and its age, taking the advantage of its $\\gamma$ Doradus-type pulsations. To do so we have used the equilibrium code CESAM and the non-adiabatic pulsational code GraCo. We have applied the Frequency Ratio Method and the Time Dependent Convection theory to estimate the mode identification, the Brunt-Va\\"is\\"al\\"a frequency integral and the mode instability, making a selection of the possible models fulfilling all observational constraints. Using the position of the star in the HR diagram, the solar metallicity models is discarded. This result contradicts one of the main assumptions of the most accepted hypothesis explaining the $\\lambda$ Bootis nature, the accretion/diffusion of gas f...

Moya, A; Barrado, D; HernŠndez, A Garc\\'\\ia; Aberasturi, M; Montesinos, B; Aceituno, F

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

The role of age, mating status and host experience on the behavior of the parasitoid Campoletis sonorensis (Cameron)(Hymenoptera:Ichneumonidae) in relation to host plants in a wind tunnel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

them differed significantly between tobacco and potato (p& 0. 001) (Table 4). Females reaching tobacco tended to remain on and search the plants for a longer period of time than did females responding to potato. 3. Age Effects on Both Virgin.... (December 1992) Jia Lu B. Sc. , Jilin Agricultural University, China Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. S. B. Vinson The behavior of female Campoletis sonorensis (Cameron) in response to two host plants, tobacco and potato, was studied in a laboratory...

Lu, Jia

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

The Ages of Early-Type Stars: Str\\"omgren Photometric Methods Calibrated, Validated, Tested, and Applied to Hosts and Prospective Hosts of Directly Imaged Exoplanets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Age determination is undertaken for nearby early-type (BAF) stars, which constitute attractive targets for high-contrast debris disk and planet imaging surveys. Our analysis sequence consists of: acquisition of uvby{\\beta} photometry from catalogs, correction for the effects of extinction, interpolation of the photometry onto model atmosphere grids from which atmospheric parameters are determined, and finally, comparison to the theoretical isochrones from pre-main sequence through post-main sequence stellar evolution models, accounting for the effects of stellar rotation. We calibrate and validate our methods at the atmospheric parameter stage by comparing our results to fundamentally determined Teff and log g values. We validate and test our methods at the evolutionary model stage by comparing our results on ages to the accepted ages of several benchmark open clusters (IC 2602, {\\alpha} Persei, Pleiades, Hyades). Finally, we apply our methods to estimate stellar ages for 3493 field stars, including several w...

David, Trevor J

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Temporal and petrogenetic constraints on volcanic accretionary processes at 9-10 degrees North East Pacific Rise  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Volcanic accretion at the fast-spreading East Pacific Rise (EPR) occurs over a ~2-4 km wide neo-volcanic zone on either side of the axial summit trough (AST). Eruption ages are critical for understanding the distribution ...

Waters, Christopher L

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Modeling volcanic ash dispersal  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Explosive volcanic eruptions inject into the atmosphere large amounts of volcanic material (ash, blocks and lapilli). Blocks and larger lapilli follow ballistic and non-ballistic trajectories and fall rapidly close to the volcano. In contrast, very fine ashes can remain entrapped in the atmosphere for months to years, and may affect the global climate in the case of large eruptions. Particles having sizes between these two end-members remain airborne from hours to days and can cover wide areas downwind. Such volcanic fallout entails a serious threat to aircraft safety and can create many undesirable effects to the communities located around the volcano. The assessment of volcanic fallout hazard is an important scientific, economic, and political issue, especially in densely populated areas. From a scientific point of view, considerable progress has been made during the last two decades through the use of increasingly powerful computational models and capabilities. Nowadays, models are used to quantify hazard scenarios and/or to give short-term forecasts during emergency situations. This talk will be focused on the main aspects related to modeling volcanic ash dispersal and fallout with application to the well known problem created by the EyjafjŲll volcano in Iceland. Moreover, a short description of the main volcanic monitoring techniques is presented.

None

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

9

NAVY PRECISION OPTICAL INTERFEROMETER OBSERVATIONS OF THE EXOPLANET HOST {kappa} CORONAE BOREALIS AND THEIR IMPLICATIONS FOR THE STAR'S AND PLANET'S MASSES AND AGES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We used the Navy Precision Optical Interferometer to measure the limb-darkened angular diameter of the exoplanet host star {kappa} CrB and obtained a value of 1.543 {+-} 0.009 mas. We calculated its physical radius (5.06 {+-} 0.04 R{sub Sun }) and used photometric measurements from the literature with our diameter to determine {kappa} CrB's effective temperature (4788 {+-} 17 K) and luminosity (12.13 {+-} 0.09 L{sub Sun }). We then placed the star on an Hertzsprung-Russell diagram to ascertain the star's age (3.42{sup +0.32}{sub -0.25} Gyr) and mass (1.47 {+-} 0.04 M{sub Sun }) using a metallicity of [Fe/H] = +0.15. With this mass, we calculated the system's mass function with the orbital elements from a variety of sources, which produced a range of planetary masses: m{sub p}sin i = 1.61-1.88 M{sub Jup}. We also updated the extent of the habitable zone for the system using our new temperature.

Baines, Ellyn K.; Armstrong, J. Thomas [Remote Sensing Division, Naval Research Laboratory, 4555 Overlook Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Van Belle, Gerard T., E-mail: ellyn.baines@nrl.navy.mil [Lowell Observatory, Flagstaff, AZ 86001 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Application of magnetic amplitude inversion in exploration for natural gas in volcanics Yaoguo Li, Center for Gravity, Electrical, and Magnetic Studies, Colorado School of Mines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Application of magnetic amplitude inversion in exploration for natural gas in volcanics Yaoguo Li basins and have strong remanent magnetization. The appli- cation arises in exploration of natural gas identify the volcanic units at large depths. INTRODUCTION Exploration for natural gas hosted in volcanics

11

Jasper Seamount: Seven million years of volcanism  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Jasper Seamount is a young, mid-sized (690 km{sup 3}) oceanic intraplate volcano located about 500 km west-southwest of San Diego, California. Reliable {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar age data were obtained for several milligram-sized samples of 4 to 10 Ma plagioclase by using a defocused laser beam to clean the samples before fusion. Gee and Staudigel suggested that Jasper Seamount consists of a transitional to tholeiitic shield volcano formed by flank transitional series lavas, overlain by flank alkalic series lavas and summit alkalic series lavas. Twenty-nine individual {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar laser fusion analyses on nine samples confirm the stratigraphy: 10.3-10.0 Ma for the flank transitonal series, 8.7-7.5 Ma for the flank alkalic series, and 4.8-4.1 Ma for the summit alkalic series. The alkalinity of the lavas clearly increases with time, and there appear to be 1 to 3 m.y. hiatuses between each series. The age data are consistent with the complex magnetic anomaly of Jasper; however the dominant reversed polarity inferred from the anomaly suggests that most of the seamount formed at ca. 11 Ma, prior to the onset of Chron C5N. The duration of volcanism of Jasper Seamount is slightly longer than the duration of volcanism at Hawaiian volcanoes, suggesting that individual age data from seamounts may constrain the age of a seamount only to within about 7 m.y. unless the stage of volcanism can be unambiguously determined. Extrapolating from the results of our study, similar precision in age determinations should be possible on 50 mg of 1 Ma plagioclase from mid-ocean ridge basalt, opening new possibilities in the geochronology of young, low-potassium volcanic rocks.

Pringle, M.S. (Geological Survey, Menlo Park, California (USA)); Staudigel, H.; Gee, J. (Scripps Institution of Oceanography, LaJolla, California (USA))

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Volcanism Studies: Final Report for the Yucca Mountain Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report synthesizes the results of volcanism studies conducted by scientists at the Los Alamos National Laboratory and collaborating institutions on behalf of the Department of Energy's Yucca Mountain Project. An assessment of the risk of future volcanic activity is one of many site characterization studies that must be completed to evaluate the Yucca Mountain site for potential long-term storage of high-level radioactive waste. The presence of several basaltic volcanic centers in the Yucca Mountain region of Pliocene and Quaternary age indicates that there is a finite risk of a future volcanic event occurring during the 10,000-year isolation period of a potential repository. Chapter 1 introduces the volcanism issue for the Yucca Mountain site and provides the reader with an overview of the organization, content, and significant conclusions of this report. The risk of future basaltic volcanism is the primary topic of concern including both events that intersect a potential repository and events that occur near or within the waste isolation system of a repository. Future volcanic events cannot be predicted with certainty but instead are estimated using formal methods of probabilistic volcanic hazard assessment (PVHA). Chapter 2 describes the volcanic history of the Yucca Mountain region (YMR) and emphasizes the Pliocene and Quaternary volcanic record, the interval of primary concern for volcanic risk assessment. The distribution, eruptive history, and geochronology of Plio-Quaternary basalt centers are described by individual center emphasizing the younger postcaldera basalt (<5 Ma). The Lathrop Wells volcanic center is described in detail because it is the youngest basalt center in the YMR. The age of the Lathrop Wells center is now confidently determined to be about 75 thousand years old. Chapter 3 describes the tectonic setting of the YMR and presents and assesses the significance of multiple alternative tectonic models. The Crater Flat volcanic zone is defined and described as one of many alternative models of the structural controls of the distribution of Plio-Quaternary basalt centers in the YMR. Geophysical data are described for the YMR and are used as an aid to understand the distribution of basaltic volcanic centers. Chapter 4 discusses the petrologic and geochemical features of basaltic volcanism in the YMR, the southern Great Basin and the Basin and Range province. Geochemical and isotopic data are presented for post-Miocene basalts of the Yucca Mountain region. Alternative petrogenetic models are assessed for the formation of the Lathrop Wells volcanic center. Based on geochemical data, basaltic ash in fault trenches near Yucca Mountain is shown to have originated from the Lathrop Wells center. Chapter 5 synthesizes eruptive and subsurface effects of basaltic volcanism on a potential repository and summarizes current concepts of the segregation, ascent, and eruption of basalt magma. Chapter 6 synthesizes current knowledge of the probability of disruption of a potential repository at Yucca Mountain. In 1996, an Expert Elicitation panel was convened by DOE that independently conducted PVHA for the Yucca Mountain site. Chapter 6 does not attempt to revise this PVHA; instead, it further examines the sensitivity of variables in PVHA. The approaches and results of PVHA by the expert judgment panel are evaluated and incorporated throughout this chapter. The disruption ratio (E2) is completely re-evaluated using simulation modeling that describes volcanic events based on the geometry of basaltic feeder dikes. New estimates of probability bounds are developed. These comparisons show that it is physically implausible for the probability of magmatic disruption of the Yucca Mountain site to be > than about 7 x 10{sup {minus}8} events yr{sup {minus}1} . Simple probability estimates are used to assess possible implications of not drilling aeromagnetic anomalies in the Amargosa Valley. The sensitivity of the disruption probability to the location of northeast boundaries of volcanic zones near the Yucca Mountain si

Bruce M. Crowe; Frank V. Perry; Greg A. Valentine; Lynn M. Bowker

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Disruptive event analysis: volcanism and igneous intrusion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An evaluation is made of the disruptive effects of volcanic activity with respect to long term isolation of radioactive waste through deep geologic storage. Three major questions are considered. First, what is the range of disruption effects of a radioactive waste repository by volcanic activity. Second, is it possible, by selective siting of a repository, to reduce the risk of disruption by future volcanic activity. And third, can the probability of repository disruption by volcanic activity be quantified. The main variables involved in the evaluation of the consequences of repository disruption by volcanic activity are the geometry of the magma-repository intersection (partly controlled by depth of burial) and the nature of volcanism. Potential radionuclide dispersal by volcanic transport within the biosphere ranges in distance from several kilometers to global. Risk from the most catastrophic types of eruptions can be reduced by careful site selection to maximize lag time prior to the onset of activity. Certain areas or volcanic provinces within the western United States have been sites of significant volcanism and should be avoided as potential sites for a radioactive waste repository. Examples of projection of future sites of active volcanism are discussed for three areas of the western United States. Probability calculations require two types of data: a numerical rate or frequency of volcanic activity and a numerical evaluation of the areal extent of volcanic disruption for a designated region. The former is clearly beyond the current state of art in volcanology. The latter can be approximated with a reasonable degree of satisfaction. In this report, simplified probability calculations are attempted for areas of past volcanic activity.

Crowe, B.M.

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

SYSTHESIS OF VOLCANISM STUDIES FOR THE YUCCA MOUNTAIN SITE CHARACTERIZATION PROJECT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report synthesizes the results of volcanism studies conducted by scientists at the Los Alamos National Laboratory and collaborating institutions on behalf of the Department of Energy's Yucca Mountain Project. Chapter 1 introduces the volcanism issue for the Yucca Mountain site and provides the reader with an overview of the organization, content, and significant conclusions of this report. The hazard of future basaltic volcanism is the primary topic of concern including both events that intersect a potential repository and events that occur near or within the waste isolation system of a repository. Future volcanic events cannot be predicted with certainty but instead are estimated using formal methods of probabilistic volcanic hazard assessment (PVHA). Chapter 2 describes the volcanic history of the Yucca Mountain region (YMR) and emphasizes the Pliocene and Quaternary volcanic record, the interval of primary concern for volcanic risk assessment. The distribution, eruptive history, and geochronology of Plio-Quaternary basalt centers are described by individual center emphasizing the younger postcaldera basalt (<5 Ma). The Lathrop Wells volcanic center is described in detail because it is the youngest basalt center in the YMR. The age of the Lathrop Wells center is now confidently determined to be about 75 thousand years old. Chapter 3 describes the tectonic setting of the YMR and presents and assesses the significance of multiple alternative tectonic models. The distribution of Pliocene and Quaternary basaltic volcanic centers is evaluated with respect to tectonic models for detachment, caldera, regional and local rifting, and the Walker Lane structural zone. Geophysical data are described for the YMR and are used as an aid to understand the distribution of past basaltic volcanic centers and possible future magmatic processes. Chapter 4 discusses the petrologic and geochemical features of basaltic volcanism in the YMR, the southern Great Basin and the Basin and Range province. Geochemical and isotopic data are presented for post-Miocene basalts of the Yucca Mountain region. Alternative petrogenetic models are assessed for the formation of the Lathrop Wells volcanic center. Based on geochemical data, basaltic ash in fault trenches near Yucca Mountain is shown to have originated from the Lathrop Wells center. Chapter 5 synthesizes eruptive and subsurface effects of basaltic volcanism on a potential repository and summarizes current concepts of the segregation, ascent, and eruption of basalt magma. Chapter 6 synthesizes current knowledge of the probability of disruption of a potential repository at Yucca Mountain. In 1996, an Expert Elicitation panel was convened by DOE that independently conducted PVHA for the Yucca Mountain site. Chapter 6 does not attempt to revise this PVHA; instead, it further examines the sensitivity of variables in PVHA. The approaches and results of PVHA by the expert judgment panel are evaluated and incorporated throughout this chapter. The disruption ratio (E2) is completely re-evaluated using simulation modeling that describes volcanic events based on the geometry of basaltic feeder dikes. New estimates of probability bounds are developed. These comparisons show that it is physically implausible for the probability of magmatic disruption of the Yucca Mountain site to be greater than 10{sup -7} events per year. Bounding probability estimates are used to assess possible implications of not drilling aeromagnetic anomalies in the Arnargosa Valley and Crater Flat. The results of simulation modeling are used to assess the sensitivity of the disruption probability for the location of northeast boundaries of volcanic zones near the Yucca Mountain site. A new section on modeling of radiological releases associated with surface and subsurface magmatic activity has been added to chapter 6. The modeling results are consistent with past total system performance assessments that show future volcanic and magmatic events are not significant components of repository performance and volcanism is not a prio

FV PERRY, GA CROWE, GA VALENTINE AND LM BOWKER

1997-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

15

THE LOCAL HOSTS OF TYPE Ia SUPERNOVAE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We use multi-wavelength, matched aperture, integrated photometry from the Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX), the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, and the RC3 to estimate the physical properties of 166 nearby galaxies hosting 168 well-observed Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia). The ultraviolet (UV) imaging of local SN Ia hosts from GALEX allows a direct comparison with higher-redshift hosts measured at optical wavelengths that correspond to the rest-frame UV. Our data corroborate well-known features that have been seen in other SN Ia samples. Specifically, hosts with active star formation produce brighter and slower SNe Ia on average, and hosts with luminosity-weighted ages older than 1 Gyr produce on average more faint, fast, and fewer bright, slow SNe Ia than younger hosts. New results include that in our sample, the faintest and fastest SNe Ia occur only in galaxies exceeding a stellar mass threshold of approx10{sup 10} M{sub sun}, leading us to conclude that their progenitors must arise in populations that are older and/or more metal rich than the general SN Ia population. A low host extinction subsample hints at a residual trend in peak luminosity with host age, after correcting for light-curve shape, giving the appearance that older hosts produce less-extincted SNe Ia on average. This has implications for cosmological fitting of SNe Ia, and suggests that host age could be useful as a parameter in the fitting. Converting host mass to metallicity and computing {sup 56}Ni mass from the supernova light curves, we find that our local sample is consistent with a model that predicts a shallow trend between stellar metallicity and the {sup 56}Ni mass that powers the explosion, but we cannot rule out the absence of a trend. We measure a correlation between {sup 56}Ni mass and host age in the local universe that is shallower and not as significant as that seen at higher redshifts. The details of the age-{sup 56}Ni mass correlations at low and higher redshift imply a luminosity-weighted age threshold of approx3 Gyr for SN Ia hosts, above which they are less likely to produce SNe Ia with {sup 56}Ni masses above approx0.5 M{sub sun}.

Neill, James D.; Martin, D. Christopher; Barlow, Tom A.; Foster, Karl; Friedman, Peter G.; Morrissey, Patrick; Wyder, Ted K. [California Institute of Technology, 1200 E. California Blvd., Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Sullivan, Mark [University of Oxford, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Road, Oxford, OX1 3RH (United Kingdom); Howell, D. Andrew [Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, 6740 Cortona Dr., Suite 102, Goleta, CA 93117 (United States); Conley, Alex [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St. George Street, Toronto, ONM5S3H8 (Canada); Seibert, Mark; Madore, Barry F. [The Observatories of the Carnegie Institute of Washington, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA, 91101 (United States); Neff, Susan G. [Laboratory for Astronomy and Solar Physics, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Schiminovich, David [Department of Astronomy, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 (United States); Bianchi, Luciana [Center for Astrophysical Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 N. Charles St., Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Donas, Jose; Milliard, Bruno [Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille, BP 8, Traverse du Siphon, 13376 Marseille Cedex 12 (France); Heckman, Timothy M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Homewood Campus, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Lee, Young-Wook [Center for Space Astrophysics, Yonsei University, Seoul 120-749 (Korea, Republic of); Rich, R. Michael [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States)

2009-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

16

A Preparation Zone For Volcanic Explosions Beneath Naka-Dake...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Volcanic explosions act to release the energy transferred from magma or volcanic fluids. Measurement of the subsurface electrical resistivity is a promising method in...

17

Blind Geothermal System Exploration in Active Volcanic Environments...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Blind Geothermal System Exploration in Active Volcanic Environments; Multi-phase Geophysical and Geochemical Surveys in Overt & Subtle Volcanic Systems, Hawaii & Maui Blind...

18

Isotopic Analysis At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Janik...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Isotopic Analysis At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Janik & Mclaren, 2010) Exploration Activity...

19

Effects of Volcanism, Crustal Thickness, and Large Scale Faulting...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Colorado. collaborativeprojectchilepeer2013.pdf More Documents & Publications Blind Geothermal System Exploration in Active Volcanic Environments; Multi-phase Geophysical...

20

TESTING MODELS FOR BASALTIC VOLCANISM: IMPLICATIONS FOR YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TESTING MODELS FOR BASALTIC VOLCANISM: IMPLICATIONS FOR YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA Eugene Smith 1 The determination of volcanic risk to the proposed high- level nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain requires, then volcanism in the future may not be a significant threat to Yucca Mountain. On the other hand, if melting

Conrad, Clint

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volcanic age host" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Revised isotopic (40 Ar) age for the lamproite volcano of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Revised isotopic (40 Ar/39 Ar) age for the lamproite volcano of Cabezos Negros, Fortuna Basin (lamproites) of the Fortuna Basin in southeast Spain. This age is significantly older than earlier reported K. Because the volcanic rocks are intercalated in the stratigraphic sequence of the Fortuna Basin directly

Utrecht, Universiteit

22

Monday, March 12, 2007 MARS VOLCANISM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monday, March 12, 2007 MARS VOLCANISM 2:30 p.m. Crystal Ballroom B Chairs: J. E. Bleacher M. H to the northeast. 2:45 p.m. Baloga S. M. * Glaze L. S. Time-Dependent Levee Growth for Mars Lava Flows [#1276, for very cold climate, sulfur dioxide glaciers and liquid sulfur dioxide runoff. 4:00 p.m. Johnson S. S

Rathbun, Julie A.

23

australian volcanic-hosted massive: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sciences Websites Summary: AUSTRALIAN UNIVERSITIES QUALITY AGENCY Report of an Audit of Swinburne; AUQA Audit Report Number 61 ISBN 978 1 877090 90 5 Australian...

24

Type D: Sedimentary-hosted, Volcanic-related Resource | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,LtdInformationTulsa,TuscarawasFallon | OpenTyntekInformation

25

Groundwater in the Southwestern Part of the Jemez Mountains Volcanic...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Southwestern Part of the Jemez Mountains Volcanic Region, New Mexico Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Groundwater in the...

26

Data Acquisition-Manipulation At Lassen Volcanic National Park...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

82) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Data Acquisition-Manipulation At Lassen Volcanic National Park Geothermal Area (1982)...

27

anatolian volcanic province: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Volcanic Province Geosciences Websites Summary: the Lonar crater. Chondrite-normalized Rare Earth Element (REE) patterns in the target basalts and brecciaTrace element and...

28

Modeling-Computer Simulations At San Juan Volcanic Field Area...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Modeling-Computer Simulations At San Juan Volcanic Field Area (Clarkson & Reiter, 1987) Exploration...

29

Teleseismic-Seismic Monitoring At Lassen Volcanic National Park...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Teleseismic-Seismic Monitoring At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Janik & Mclaren, 2010) Exploration...

30

Surface Gas Sampling At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Janik...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown References Cathy J. Janik, Marcia K. McLaren (2010) Seismicity And Fluid Geochemistry At Lassen Volcanic National Park,...

31

Temporal Relations of Volcanism and Hydrothermal Systems in Two...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

associated with current hot-spring activity and the youngest pulses of volcanism. > Oxygen-isotope data from illitesmectite clays in the Cochiti district are zonally...

32

Compound and Elemental Analysis At Lassen Volcanic National Park...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown References J. Michael Thompson (1985) Chemistry Of Thermal And Nonthermal Springs In The Vicinity Of Lassen Volcanic National Park...

33

Mercury Vapor At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Varekamp...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Mercury Vapor At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Varekamp & Buseck, 1983) Exploration...

34

Blind Geothermal System Exploration in Active Volcanic Environments...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Geochemical Surveys in Overt and Subtle Volcanic Systems, Hawaii and Maui Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title...

35

A Volcanologist'S Review Of Atmospheric Hazards Of Volcanic Activity...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

atmospheric hazards caused by explosive volcanic activity. The hazard posed by fine silicate ash with long residence time in the atmosphere is probably much less serious than...

36

Fatty acid-producing hosts  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Described are hosts for overproducing a fatty acid product such as a fatty acid. The hosts include an exogenous nucleic acid encoding a thioesterase and, optionally, an exogenous nucleic acid encoding an acetyl-CoA carboxylase, wherein an acyl-CoA synthetase in the hosts are functionally delected. The hosts prefereably include the nucleic acid encoding the thioesterase at an intermediate copy number. The hosts are preferably recominantly stable and growth-competent at 37.degree. C. Methods of producing a fatty acid product comprising culturing such hosts at 37.degree. C. are also described.

Pfleger, Brian F; Lennen, Rebecca M

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

37

E-Print Network 3.0 - american volcanic arc Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sample search results for: american volcanic arc Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Project: EARTH-12-TM2: Volcanic volatile fluxes and the Central American Volcanic Arc (CAVA) Summary:...

38

Hengill geothermal volcanic complex (Iceland) characterized by integrated geophysical observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hengill geothermal volcanic complex (Iceland) characterized by integrated geophysical observations be used to infer the location of magma chambers or productive geothermal areas. The Hengill volcanic triple-junction complex has a well-developed geothermal system, which is being exploited to extract hot

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

39

Volcanic rifting at Martian grabens Daniel Me`ge,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Volcanic rifting at Martian grabens Daniel Me`ge,1 Anthony C. Cook,2,3 Erwan Garel,4 Yves: Solar System Objects: Mars; 8121 Tectonophysics: Dynamics, convection currents and mantle plumes; 8010: Me`ge, D., A. C. Cook, E. Garel, Y. Lagabrielle, and M.-H. Cormier, Volcanic rifting at Martian

Mege, Daniel

40

The volcanic acidification of glacial Lake Caviahue, Province of Neuquen, Argentina Johan C. Varekamp  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The volcanic acidification of glacial Lake Caviahue, Province of Neuquen, Argentina Johan C (northern Patagonia, Argentina) is a large glacial lake acidified by volcanic fluids from Copahue volcano

Royer, Dana

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volcanic age host" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Uranium mineralization in fluorine-enriched volcanic rocks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several uranium and other lithophile element deposits are located within or adjacent to small middle to late Cenozoic, fluorine-rich rhyolitic dome complexes. Examples studied include Spor Mountain, Utah (Be-U-F), the Honeycomb Hills, Utah (Be-U), the Wah Wah Mountains, Utah (U-F), and the Black Range-Sierra Cuchillo, New Mexico (Sn-Be-W-F). The formation of these and similar deposits begins with the emplacement of a rhyolitic magma, enriched in lithophile metals and complexing fluorine, that rises to a shallow crustal level, where its roof zone may become further enriched in volatiles and the ore elements. During initial explosive volcanic activity, aprons of lithicrich tuffs are erupted around the vents. These early pyroclastic deposits commonly host the mineralization, due to their initial enrichment in the lithophile elements, their permeability, and the reactivity of their foreign lithic inclusions (particularly carbonate rocks). The pyroclastics are capped and preserved by thick topaz rhyolite domes and flows that can serve as a source of heat and of additional quantities of ore elements. Devitrification, vapor-phase crystallization, or fumarolic alteration may free the ore elements from the glassy matrix and place them in a form readily leached by percolating meteoric waters. Heat from the rhyolitic sheets drives such waters through the system, generally into and up the vents and out through the early tuffs. Secondary alteration zones (K-feldspar, sericite, silica, clays, fluorite, carbonate, and zeolites) and economic mineral concentrations may form in response to this low temperature (less than 200 C) circulation. After cooling, meteoric water continues to migrate through the system, modifying the distribution and concentration of the ore elements (especially uranium).

Burt, D.M.; Sheridan, M.F.; Bikun, J.; Christiansen, E.; Correa, B.; Murphy, B.; Self, S.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Y-12 hosts NNSA aging infrastructure workshop | National Nuclear Security  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartmentStewardshipAdministration helps more than 600 kids for the

43

Property:HostRockAge | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:PlugNumberOfArraProjectTypeTopic2GrossGen JumpRating

44

Relative Ages of Globular Clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ages of extragalactic globular clusters can provide valuable insights into the formation and evolution of galaxies. In this contribution the photometric methods of age dating old globular cluster systems are summarised. The spectroscopic approach is reviewed with an emphasis of the right choice of age diagnostics. We present a new method of quantifying the relatively best age-sensitive spectroscopic index given the quality of a data set and a certain theoretical stellar synthesis model. The relatively best diagnostic plot is constructed from the set of Lick indices and used to age date globular clusters in several early-type galaxies which are part of a large spectroscopic survey of extragalactic globular cluster systems. We find that, independently of host galaxy, metal-poor ([Fe/H] 8 Gyr) and coeval. Metal-rich clusters show a wide range of ages from ~15 down to a few Gyr.

Thomas H. Puzia

2002-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

45

Cenozoic volcanic geology of the Basin and Range province in...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

volcanic geology of the Basin and Range province in Hidalgo County, southwestern New Mexico Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper:...

46

Seismicity And Fluid Geochemistry At Lassen Volcanic National...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and 15N-N2 values indicate a contribution from the mantle and a subducted sediment source in an arc volcanic setting. Authors Cathy J. Janik and Marcia K. McLaren...

47

Application Of Gravity And Deep Dipole Geoelectrics In The Volcanic...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gravity And Deep Dipole Geoelectrics In The Volcanic Area Of Mt Etna (Sicily) Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Application Of...

48

Surface Mercury Geochemistry As A Guide To Volcanic Vent Structure...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Surface Mercury Geochemistry As A Guide To Volcanic Vent Structure And Zones Of High Heat Flow In The...

49

Properties of SN-host galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is of prime importance to recognize evolution and extinction effects in supernovae results as a function of redshift, for SN Ia to be considered as distance indicators. This review surveys all observational data searching for an evolution and/or extinction, according to host morphology. For instance, it has been observed that high-z SNe Ia have bluer colours than the local ones: although this goes against extinction to explain why SN are dimmer with redshift until z ~ 1, supporting a decelerating universe, it also demonstrates intrinsic evolution effects. -- SNe Ia could evolve because the age and metallicity of their progenitors evolve. The main parameter is carbon abundance. Smaller C leads to a dimmer SN Ia and also less scatter on peak brightness, as it is the case in elliptical galaxy today. Age of the progenitor is an important factor: young populations lead to brighter SNe Ia, as in spiral galaxies, and a spread in ages lead to a larger scatter, explaining the observed lower scatter at high z. -- Selection biases also play a role, like the Malmquist bias; high-z SNe Ia are found at larger distance from their host center: there is more obscuration in the center, and also detection is easier with no contamination from the center. This might be one of the reason why less obscuration has been found for SNe Ia at high z. -- There is clearly a sample evolution with z: currently only the less bright SNe Ia are detected at high z, with less scatter. The brightest objects have a slowly declining light-curve, and at high z, no slow decline has been observed. This may be interpreted as an age effect, high-z SN having younger progenitors.

F. Combes

2003-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

50

Ethanol production by recombinant hosts  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Novel plasmids comprising genes which code for the alcohol dehydrogenase and pyruvate decarboxylase are described. Also described are recombinant hosts which have been transformed with genes coding for alcohol dehydrogenase and pyruvate. By virtue of their transformation with these genes, the recombinant hosts are capable of producing significant amounts of ethanol as a fermentation product. Also disclosed are methods for increasing the growth of recombinant hosts and methods for reducing the accumulation of undesirable metabolic products in the growth medium of these hosts. Also disclosed are recombinant host capable of producing significant amounts of ethanol as a fermentation product of oligosaccharides and plasmids comprising genes encoding polysaccharases, in addition to the genes described above which code for the alcohol dehydrogenase and pyruvate decarboxylase. Further, methods are described for producing ethanol from oligomeric feedstock using the recombinant hosts described above. Also provided is a method for enhancing the production of functional proteins in a recombinant host comprising overexpressing an adhB gene in the host. Further provided are process designs for fermenting oligosaccharide-containing biomass to ethanol.

Fowler, David E. (Gainesville, FL); Horton, Philip G. (Gainesville, FL); Ben-Bassat, Arie (Gainesville, FL)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Ethanol production by recombinant hosts  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Novel plasmids comprising genes which code for the alcohol dehydrogenase and pyruvate decarboxylase are described. Also described are recombinant hosts which have been transformed with genes coding for alcohol dehydrogenase and pyruvate. By virtue of their transformation with these genes, the recombinant hosts are capable of producing significant amounts of ethanol as a fermentation product. Also disclosed are methods for increasing the growth of recombinant hosts and methods for reducing the accumulation of undesirable metabolic products in the growth medium of these hosts. Also disclosed are recombinant host capable of producing significant amounts of ethanol as a fermentation product of oligosaccharides and plasmids comprising genes encoding polysaccharases, in addition to the genes described above which code for the alcohol dehydrogenase and pyruvate decarboxylase. Further, methods are described for producing ethanol from oligomeric feedstock using the recombinant hosts described above. Also provided is a method for enhancing the production of functional proteins in a recombinant host comprising overexpressing an adhB gene in the host. Further provided are process designs for fermenting oligosaccharide-containing biomass to ethanol.

Ingram, Lonnie O. (Gainesville, FL); Beall, David S. (Gainesville, FL); Burchhardt, Gerhard F. H. (Gainesville, FL); Guimaraes, Walter V. (Vicosa, BR); Ohta, Kazuyoshi (Miyazaki, JP); Wood, Brent E. (Gainesville, FL); Shanmugam, Keelnatham T. (Gainesville, FL)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Aging gauge  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An aging gauge comprising a container having a fixed or a variable sized t opening with a cap which can be opened to control the sublimation rate of a thermally sublimational material contained within the container. In use, the aging gauge is stored with an item to determine total heat the item is subjected to and also the maximum temperature to which the item has been exposed. The aging gauge container contains a thermally sublimational material such as naphthalene or similar material which has a low sublimation rate over the temperature range from about 70.degree. F. to about 160.degree. F. The aging products determined by analyses of a like item aged along with the aging gauge for which the sublimation amount is determined is employed to establish a calibration curve for future aging evaluation. The aging gauge is provided with a means for determining the maximum temperature exposure (i.e., a thermally indicating material which gives an irreversible color change, Thermocolor pigment). Because of the relationship of doubling reaction rates for increases of 10.degree. C., equivalency of item used in accelerated aging evaluation can be obtained by referring to a calibration curve depicting storage temperature on the abscissa scale and multiplier on the ordinate scale.

Betts, Robert E. (Huntsville, AL); Crawford, John F. (Huntsville, AL)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

HOST GALAXY PROPERTIES AND HUBBLE RESIDUALS OF TYPE Ia SUPERNOVAE FROM THE NEARBY SUPERNOVA FACTORY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We examine the relationship between Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) Hubble residuals and the properties of their host galaxies using a sample of 115 SNe Ia from the Nearby Supernova Factory. We use host galaxy stellar masses and specific star formation rates fitted from photometry for all hosts, as well as gas-phase metallicities for a subset of 69 star-forming (non-active galactic nucleus) hosts, to show that the SN Ia Hubble residuals correlate with each of these host properties. With these data we find new evidence for a correlation between SN Ia intrinsic color and host metallicity. When we combine our data with those of other published SN Ia surveys, we find the difference between mean SN Ia brightnesses in low- and high-mass hosts is 0.077 {+-} 0.014 mag. When viewed in narrow (0.2 dex) bins of host stellar mass, the data reveal apparent plateaus of Hubble residuals at high and low host masses with a rapid transition over a short mass range (9.8 {<=} log (M{sub *}/M{sub Sun }) {<=} 10.4). Although metallicity has been a favored interpretation for the origin of the Hubble residual trend with host mass, we illustrate how dust in star-forming galaxies and mean SN Ia progenitor age both evolve along the galaxy mass sequence, thereby presenting equally viable explanations for some or all of the observed SN Ia host bias.

Childress, M.; Aldering, G.; Aragon, C.; Bailey, S.; Fakhouri, H. K.; Hsiao, E. Y.; Kim, A. G.; Loken, S. [Physics Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Antilogus, P.; Bongard, S.; Canto, A.; Cellier-Holzem, F.; Guy, J. [Laboratoire de Physique Nucleaire et des Hautes Energies, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie Paris 6, Universite Paris Diderot Paris 7, CNRS-IN2P3, 4 place Jussieu, F-75252 Paris Cedex 05 (France); Baltay, C. [Department of Physics, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06250-8121 (United States); Buton, C.; Kerschhaggl, M.; Kowalski, M. [Physikalisches Institut, Universitaet Bonn, Nussallee 12, D-53115 Bonn (Germany); Chotard, N.; Copin, Y.; Gangler, E. [Universite de Lyon, F-69622, Lyon (France); Universite de Lyon 1, Villeurbanne (France); CNRS/IN2P3, Institut de Physique Nucleaire de Lyon (France); and others

2013-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

54

A model simulation of Pinatubo volcanic aerosols in the stratosphere  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A one-dimensional, time-dependent model is used to study the chemical, microphysical, and radiative properties of volcanic aerosols produced by the Mount Pinatubo eruption on June 15, 1991. The authors` model treats gas-phase sulfur photochemistry, gas-to-particle conversion of sulfur, and the microphysics of sulfate aerosols and ash particles under stratospheric conditions. The dilution and diffusion of the volcanic eruption clouds are also accounted for in these conditions. Heteromolecular homogeneous and heterogeneous binary H{sub 2}SO{sub 4}/H{sub 2}O nucleation, acid and water condensational growth, coagulation, and gravitational sedimentation are treated in detail in the model. Simulations suggested that after several weeks, the volcanic cloud was composed mainly of sulfuric acid/water droplets produced in situ from the SO{sub 2} emissions. The large amounts of SO{sub 2} (around 20 Mt) injected into the stratosphere by the Pinatubo eruption initiated homogeneous nucleation which generated a high concentration of small H{sub 2}SO{sub 4}/H{sub 2}O droplets. These newly formed particles grew rapidly by condensation and coagulation in the first few months and then reached their stabilized sizes with effective radii in a range between 0.3 and 0.5 {mu}m approximately one-half year after the eruption. The predicted volcanic cloud parameters reasonably agree with measurements in term of the vertical distribution and lifetime of the volcanic aerosols, their basic microphysical structures (e.g., size distribution, concentration, mass ratio, and surface area) and radiative properties. The persistent volcanic aerosols can produce significant anomalies in the radiation field, which have important climatic consequences. The large enhancement in aerosol surface area can result in measurable global stratospheric ozone depletion. 57 refs., 15 figs., 1 tab.

Zhao, J. [Univ. of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI (United States)] [Univ. of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI (United States); Turco, R.P. [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)] [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Toon, O.B. [NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA (United States)] [NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA (United States)

1995-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

55

"Hot Water" in Lassen Volcanic National Park--Fumaroles, Steaming Ground, and Boiling Mudpots  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"Hot Water" in Lassen Volcanic National Park-- Fumaroles, Steaming Ground, and Boiling Mudpots U, ydrothermal (hot water) and steaming ground. These features are re- lated to active volcanism, the largest fumarole (steam and volcanic-gas vent) in the park. The temperature of the high-velocity steam

Torgersen, Christian

56

Wednesday, March 25, 2009 VENUS GEOLOGY, VOLCANISM, TECTONICS, AND RESURFACING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wednesday, March 25, 2009 VENUS GEOLOGY, VOLCANISM, TECTONICS, AND RESURFACING 3:00 p.m. Waterway. The Geological History of Venus: Constraints from Buffered Crater Densities [#1096] We apply buffered crater density technique to a new global geological map of Venus (Ivanov, 2008) and obtain robust constraints

Rathbun, Julie A.

57

Measurement of the Optical Proper-ties of Volcanic Ash  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: ­ Scattering solar radiation. ­ Absorption in the infrared. For chemical reactions: ­ Particles become coatedMeasurement of the Optical Proper- ties of Volcanic Ash Daniel M. Peters and R. G. Grainger@atm.ox.ac.uk http://www.atm.ox.ac.uk 1 Abstract We have just commenced a laboratory project, the "Optical Properties

Oxford, University of

58

SILICATE MELT PROPERTIES AND VOLCANIC Youxue Zhang,1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SILICATE MELT PROPERTIES AND VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS Youxue Zhang,1,2 Zhengjiu Xu,2 Mengfan Zhu,1 2007. [1] Knowledge about the properties of silicate melts is needed by volcanologists and petrologists and diffusivity of volatile components in silicate melts, silicate melt viscosity, and the fragmentation condition

Zhang, Youxue

59

Visualizing the Aftermath of Volcanic Eruptions Tobias Gunther  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Magdeburg ABSTRACT Volcanic eruptions are not only hazardous in the vicinity of a vol- cano, but also affect to reconstruct and assess the movement of ash clouds. In particular, we shed light on the Gr¬īimsv¬®otn, Puyehue or temperature. Combining individual satellite data into one visual- ization also allows to locate and judge

60

Host Event Based Network Monitoring  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of INLís research on this project is to demonstrate the feasibility of a host event based network monitoring tool and the effects on host performance. Current host based network monitoring tools work on polling which can miss activity if it occurs between polls. Instead of polling, a tool could be developed that makes use of event APIs in the operating system to receive asynchronous notifications of network activity. Analysis and logging of these events will allow the tool to construct the complete real-time and historical network configuration of the host while the tool is running. This research focused on three major operating systems commonly used by SCADA systems: Linux, WindowsXP, and Windows7. Windows 7 offers two paths that have minimal impact on the system and should be seriously considered. First is the new Windows Event Logging API, and, second, Windows 7 offers the ALE API within WFP. Any future work should focus on these methods.

Jonathan Chugg

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volcanic age host" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Materials compatibility with the volcanic environment. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Attempts were made to run materials compatibility, volcanic gas collection, and heat transfer experiments during the 1977 Kilauea eruption. Preliminary results from the recovered samples showed that Fe, Ni, and Fe-Ni alloys were the most heavily oxidized. The Mo and W alloys showed some attack and only neglible reaction was seen on 310 stainless, Hastelloy C, Inconel 600, Inconel 718, Rene 41, and Nichrome. Results are qualitative only. (DLC)

Htun, K.M.

1984-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

62

Status of volcanism studies for the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Chapter 1 introduces the volcanism issue for the Yucca Mountain site and provides the reader with an overview of the organization, content, and significant conclusions of this report. The risk of future basaltic volcanism is the primary topic of concern including both events that intersect a potential repository and events that occur near or within the waste isolation system of a repository. Chapter 2 describes the volcanic history of the Yucca Mountain region (YMR) and emphasizes the Pliocene and Quaternary volcanic record, the interval of primary concern for volcanic risk assessment. The Lathrop Wells volcanic center is described in detail because it is the youngest basalt center in the YMR. Chapter 3 describes the tectonic setting of the YMR and presents and assesses the significance of multiple alternative tectonic models. Geophysical data are described for the YMR and are used as an aid to understand the distribution of basaltic volcanic centers. Chapter 4 discusses the petrologic and geochemical features of basaltic volcanism in the YMR, the southern Great Basin and the Basin and Range province. The long time of activity and characteristic small volume of the Postcaldera basalt of the YMR result in one of the lowest eruptive rates in a volcanic field in the southwest United States. Chapter 5 summarizes current concepts of the segregation, ascent, and eruption of basalt magma. Chapter 6 summarizes the history of volcanism studies (1979 through early 1994), including work for the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project and overview studies by the state of Nevada and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Chapter 7 summarizes probabilistic volcanic hazard assessment using a three-part conditional probability model. Chapter 8 describes remaining volcanism work judged to be needed to complete characterization studies for the YMR. Chapter 9 summarizes the conclusions of this volcanism status report.

Crowe, B.; Perry, F.; Murrell, M.; Poths, J.; Valentine, G.A. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Wells, S. [Univ. of California, Riverside, CA (United States); Bowker, L.; Finnegan, K. [Univ. of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV (United States); Geissman, J.; McFadden, L.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Lithium depletion and the rotational history of exoplanet host stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Israelian et al. (2004) reported that exoplanet host stars are lithium depleted compared to solar-type stars without detected massive planets, a result recently confirmed by Gonzalez (2008). We investigate whether enhanced lithium depletion in exoplanet host stars may result from their rotational history. We have developed rotational evolution models for slow and fast solar-type rotators from the pre-main sequence (PMS) to the age of the Sun and compare them to the distribution of rotational periods observed for solar-type stars between 1 Myr and 5 Gyr. We show that slow rotators develop a high degree of differential rotation between the radiative core and the convective envelope, while fast rotators evolve with little core-envelope decoupling. We suggest that strong differential rotation at the base of the convective envelope is responsible for enhanced lithium depletion in slow rotators. We conclude that lithium-depleted exoplanet host stars were slow rotators on the zero-age main sequence (ZAMS) and argue that slow rotation results from a long lasting star-disk interaction during the PMS. Altogether, this suggests that long-lived disks (> 5 Myr) may be a necessary condition for massive planet formation/migration.

Jerome Bouvier

2008-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

64

Uranium and its relationship to host rock mineralogy in an unoxidized roll front in the Jackson group, South Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

environment produced in the over- lying rocks by the sulfate caprock of the dome. ~at ati r h Stratigraphy was a major control of uranium mineralization in south Texas. The area has a combination of uranium rich source rocks, permeable host rocks... m1d-Tertiary volcanic activ1ty in northern Mexico. This mater1al is generally thought to nave been the source of uranium for the ore deposits in the area . Source Rocks. Tuff is a good source of uranium because 1t has a h1gh original uranium...

Prasse, Eric Martin

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

E-Print Network 3.0 - activity beneath non-volcanic Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tectonics 7, 1-21 (1988). 9. Abers, G. A. in Non-Volcanic Rifting of Continental... @iac.unibe.ch). ... Mantle...

66

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered volcanic ash Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sciences, University of British Columbia Collection: Geosciences 44 Globally synchronous ice core volcanic tracers and abrupt cooling during the last glacial period Summary:...

67

Volcanic, erosional, tectonic, and biogenic peaks on Guyot Summit Plains in the Louisville Seamount Chain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vol. 23, p. 125-138. Sinton, J.M. 2009. Volcanic Islands. inAustral-Cook Islands [Sinton, 2009]. While these features

Ebuna, Daniel R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

E-Print Network 3.0 - active volcanic features Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of the active volcanic centers are complexes... active and closely spaced Central American ... Source: Carr, Michael J.- Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Rutgers...

69

Winds of Planet Hosting Stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The field of exoplanetary science is one of the most rapidly growing areas of astrophysical research. As more planets are discovered around other stars, new techniques have been developed that have allowed astronomers to begin to characterise them. Two of the most important factors in understanding the evolution of these planets, and potentially determining whether they are habitable, are the behaviour of the winds of the host star and the way in which they interact with the planet. The purpose of this project is to reconstruct the magnetic fields of planet hosting stars from spectropolarimetric observations, and to use these magnetic field maps to inform simulations of the stellar winds in those systems using the Block Adaptive Tree Solar-wind Roe Upwind Scheme (BATS-R-US) code. The BATS-R-US code was originally written to investigate the behaviour of the Solar wind, and so has been altered to be used in the context of other stellar systems. These simulations will give information about the velocity, pressur...

Nicholson, B A; Brookshaw, L; Vidotto, A A; Carter, B D; Marsden, S C; Soutter, J; Waite, I A; Horner, J

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Interfacial assembly of dendritic microcapsules with host-guest chemistry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-irradiation was per- formed on a LZC-ORG photoreactor with both 365 nm wavelength lamps. Titration experiments were car- ried out on a ITC200 from Microcal Inc. Weight aver- age molecular weight (Mw), number average molecu- lar weight (Mn) and polydispersity (Mw... multistimuli responsiveness. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134, 11767Ė73 (2012). [38] Lan, Y., Wu, Y., Karas, A., and Scherman, O. A. Photoresponsive Hybrid Raspberry-Like Colloids Based on Cucurbit[8]uril Host-Guest Interactions. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 126, 2166Ė9 (2014...

Zheng, Yu; Yu, Ziyi; Parker, Richard M.; Wu, Yuchao; Abell, Chris; Scherman, Oren A.

2014-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

71

Analysis and correlation of volcanic ash in marine sediments from the Peru Margin, Ocean Drilling Program Leg 201: explosive volcanic cycles of the north-central Andes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A detailed investigation of cores from three Peru Margin sites drilled during Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Leg 201 has been conducted to determine the occurrence of volcanic ash layers and ash accumulations within marine sediments along the Peru...

Hart, Shirley Dawn

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

72

Ice nucleation and overseeding of ice in volcanic clouds A. J. Durant,1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that such ``overseeded'' volcanic clouds will exhibit enhanced ice crystal concentrations and smaller average ice crystal nucleation in volcanic plumes and clouds affects dynamics [Glaze et al., 1997; Herzog et al., 1998; Mastin- porting water to the stratosphere [Glaze et al., 1997] and these fluxes depend in part on the microphysics

Rose, William I.

73

Ensemble Forecasting of Volcanic Sulfur Emissions in Hawai'i Andre Pattantyus and Steven Businger  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Hawai'i. The probabilistic forecast products show uncertainty in pollutant concentrations of pollution known as "vog" after volcanic smog. Prevailing northeast trade winds in Hawaii advectEnsemble Forecasting of Volcanic Sulfur Emissions in Hawai'i Andre Pattantyus and Steven Businger

Businger, Steven

74

Globally synchronous ice core volcanic tracers and abrupt cooling during the last glacial period  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Globally synchronous ice core volcanic tracers and abrupt cooling during the last glacial period R (2006), Globally synchronous ice core volcanic tracers and abrupt cooling during the last glacial period histories from ice coring of Greenland and Antarctica over the period 2 to 45 ka, using SO4 anomalies

Price, P. Buford

75

Submeter bathymetric mapping of volcanic and hydrothermal features on the East Pacific Rise crest at 9500  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of bathymetric changes associated with active volcanic, hydrothermal and tectonic processes. Components: 15Submeter bathymetric mapping of volcanic and hydrothermal features on the East Pacific Rise crest to produce submeter resolution bathymetric maps of five hydrothermal vent areas at the East Pacific Rise (EPR

Whitcomb, Louis L.

76

Measurement of the Optical Proper-ties of Volcanic Ash: Current status.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurement of the Optical Proper- ties of Volcanic Ash: Current status. Daniel M. Peters and R. G is to allow further assessment of the role of volcanic ash in atmospheric chem- istry, and radiative transfer. Applications of the measurements include: · Radiative transfer from: ­ Scattering solar radiation. ­ Absorption

Oxford, University of

77

Magnetotelluric images of the crustal structure of Chyulu Hills volcanic field, Kenya  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetotelluric images of the crustal structure of Chyulu Hills volcanic field, Kenya V. Sakkas volcanic chain on the eastern flank of the Kenya Rift in East Africa. Transient electromagnetic (TEM flank of the Kenya Rift deduced from wide-angle P-wave data. In: Fuchs, K., Altherr, R., Muller, B

Meju, Max

78

Deep explosive volcanism on the Gakkel Ridge and seismological constraints on Shallow Recharge at TAG Active Mound  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seafloor digital imagery and bathymetric data are used to evaluate the volcanic characteristics of the 85įE segment of the ultraslow spreading Gakkel Ridge (9 mm yr-Ļ). Imagery reveals that ridges and volcanic cones in the ...

Pontbriand, Claire Willis

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Solid hosts for dye laser rods: Part 1, Criteria for choosing a host material  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper will attempt to provide selection criteria for polymers as hosts for flashlamp-pumped dye laser rods. The properties of transparent polymer materials are compared with typical inorganic crystal and glass hosts. 2 figs., 1 tab.

Erickson, G.F.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Gastrointestinal parasites in relation to host traits and group factors in wild meerkats Suricata suricatta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, population density and host age, sex or condition (Setchell et al. 2007; Thurber et al. 2011; Oates et al, UK 2 Kalahari Meerkat Project, Kuruman River Reserve, 8467 Van Zylsrus, Northern Cape, South Africa 3 regulatory factors in animal population, basic knowledge on meerkats' parasites is lacking. Here 100 fresh

Leclaire, Sarah

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volcanic age host" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

The Chachil Limestone (Pliensbachianeearliest Toarcian) Neuqun Basin, Argentina: UePb age calibration and its significance on the Early Jurassic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Chachil Limestone (Pliensbachianeearliest Toarcian) Neuquén Basin, Argentina: UePb age Geológico Minero Argentino and CONICET, Av. Julio A. Roca 651, 1322 Buenos Aires, Argentina b Physics Geológicas, Universidad Nacional de la Plata, Calle 1 - # 644, 1900 La Plata, Argentina e Volcanic Basin

Mazzini, Adriano

82

The Timber Mountain magmato-thermal event: An intense widespread culmination of magmatic and hydrothermal activity at the southwestern Nevada volcanic field  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Eruption of the Rainier Mesa and Ammonia Tanks Members Timber Mountain Tuff at about 11.5 and 11.3 Ma, respectively, resulted in formation of the timber Mountain (TM) caldera; new K-Ar ages show that volcanism within and around the TM caldera continued for about 1 m.y. after collapse. Some TM age magmatic activity took place west and southeast of the TM caldera in the Beatty -- Bullfrog Hills and Shoshone Mountain areas, suggesting that volcanic activity at the TM caldera was an intense expression of an areally extensive magmatic system active from about 11.5 to 10Ma. Epithermal Au-Ag, Hg and fluorite mineralization and hydrothermal alteration are found in both within and surrounding the Timber Mountain -- Oasis Valley caldera complex. New K-Ar ages date this hydrothermal activity between about 13 and 10 Ma, largely between about 11.5 and 10 Ma, suggesting a genetic relation of hydrothermal activity to the TM magmatic system.

Jackson, M.R. Jr.

1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Characterization of Io's volcanic activity by infrared polarimetry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The thermal emission from Io's volcanic hot spots is linearly polarized.Infrared measurements at 4.76 micrometers show disk-integrated polarization as large as 1.6 percent. The degree and position angle of linear polarization vary with Io's rotation in a manner characteristic of emission from a small number of hot spots. A model incorporating three hot spots best fits the data. The largest of these hot spots lies to the northeast of Loki Patera, as mapped from Voyager, and the other spot on the trailing hemisphere is near Ra Patera. The hot spot on the leading hemisphere corresponds to no named feature on the Voyager maps. The value determined for the index of refraction of the emitting surface is a lower bound; it is similar to that of terrestrial basalts and is somewhat less than that of sulfur. 25 references.

Goguen, J.D.; Sinton, W.M.

1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Preliminary volcanic hazards evaluation for Los Alamos National Laboratory Facilities and Operations : current state of knowledge and proposed path forward  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The integration of available information on the volcanic history of the region surrounding Los Alamos National Laboratory indicates that the Laboratory is at risk from volcanic hazards. Volcanism in the vicinity of the Laboratory is unlikely within the lifetime of the facility (ca. 50Ė100 years) but cannot be ruled out. This evaluation provides a preliminary estimate of recurrence rates for volcanic activity. If further assessment of the hazard is deemed beneficial to reduce risk uncertainty, the next step would be to convene a formal probabilistic volcanic hazards assessment.

Keating, Gordon N.; Schultz-Fellenz, Emily S.; Miller, Elizabeth D.

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

THE EXTREME HOSTS OF EXTREME SUPERNOVAE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We use GALEX ultraviolet (UV) and optical integrated photometry of the hosts of 17 luminous supernovae (LSNe, having peak M{sub V} < -21) and compare them to a sample of 26, 000 galaxies from a cross-match between the SDSS DR4 spectral catalog and GALEX interim release 1.1. We place the LSN hosts on the galaxy NUV - r versus M{sub r} color-magnitude diagram (CMD) with the larger sample to illustrate how extreme they are. The LSN hosts appear to favor low-density regions of the galaxy CMD falling on the blue edge of the blue cloud toward the low-luminosity end. From the UV-optical photometry, we estimate the star formation history of the LSN hosts. The hosts have moderately low star formation rates (SFRs) and low stellar masses (M{sub *}) resulting in high specific star formation rates (sSFR). Compared with the larger sample, the LSN hosts occupy low-density regions of a diagram plotting sSFR versus M{sub *} in the area having higher sSFR and lower M{sub *}. This preference for low M{sub *}, high sSFR hosts implies that the LSNe are produced by an effect having to do with their local environment. The correlation of mass with metallicity suggests that perhaps wind-driven mass loss is the factor that prevents LSNe from arising in higher-mass, higher-metallicity hosts. The massive progenitors of the LSNe (>100 M{sub sun}), by appearing in low-SFR hosts, are potential tests for theories of the initial mass function that limit the maximum mass of a star based on the SFR.

Neill, James D.; Quimby, Robert; Ofek, Eran; Wyder, Ted K.; Martin, D. Christopher; Barlow, Tom A.; Foster, Karl; Friedman, Peter G.; Morrissey, Patrick [California Institute of Technology, 1200 E. California Blvd., Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Sullivan, Mark [University of Oxford, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Road, Oxford, OX1 3RH (United Kingdom); Gal-Yam, Avishay [Department of Particle Physics and Astrophysics, Faculty of Physics, Weizmann Institute of Science, 76100 Rehovot (Israel); Howell, D. Andrew [Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, 6740 Cortona Dr., Suite 102, Goleta, CA 93117 (United States); Nugent, Peter [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, MS 50F-1650, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720-8139 (United States); Seibert, Mark [The Observatories of the Carnegie Institute of Washington, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); Overzier, Roderik [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 1, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Neff, Susan G. [Laboratory for Astronomy and Solar Physics, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Schiminovich, David [Department of Astronomy, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 (United States); Bianchi, Luciana [Center for Astrophysical Sciences, The Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Donas, Jose [Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille, BP 8, Traverse du Siphon, 13376 Marseille Cedex 12 (France); Heckman, Timothy M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, The Johns Hopkins University, Homewood Campus, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)

2011-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

86

Data Acquisition-Manipulation At San Francisco Volcanic Field...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

geologically mapped the target area, obtained rock samples for age dating and mineral chemistry, performed gravity and magnetic surveys, and integrated these results to identify...

87

Ground Gravity Survey At San Francisco Volcanic Field Area (Warpinski...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

geologically mapped the target area, obtained rock samples for age dating and mineral chemistry, performed gravity and magnetic surveys, and integrated these results to identify...

88

Field Mapping At San Francisco Volcanic Field Area (Warpinski...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

geologically mapped the target area, obtained rock samples for age dating and mineral chemistry, performed gravity and magnetic surveys, and integrated these results to identify...

89

Rock Sampling At San Francisco Volcanic Field Area (Warpinski...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

geologically mapped the target area, obtained rock samples for age dating and mineral chemistry, performed gravity and magnetic surveys, and integrated these results to identify...

90

Ground Magnetics At San Francisco Volcanic Field Area (Warpinski...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

geologically mapped the target area, obtained rock samples for age dating and mineral chemistry, performed gravity and magnetic surveys, and integrated these results to identify...

91

Sustainability transformations in Olympic host cities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Olympic Games represent an unparalleled fast-track urban development opportunity for Olympic host cities. Taking the premise that the transformational effect of the Olympics has a potential to drive long-term urban ...

Mokrushina, Ksenia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Secretary Chu Hosts FY 2012 Budget Briefing  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Secretary Chu hosted a media briefing on the Department's Fiscal Year 2012 Budget Request. You can watch video of the event and check out his PowerPoint presentation, or see the budget documents themselves.

93

Center for Volcanic and Tectonic Studies: 1992--1993 annual report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The annual report of the Center for Volcanic Studies (CVTS) contains a series of papers, reprints and a Master of Science thesis that review the progress made by the CVTS between October 1, 1992 and February 1, 1994. During this period CVTS staff focused on several topics that have direct relevance to volcanic hazards related to the proposed high-level nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. These topics include: (1) polygenetic/polycyclic volcanism in Crater Flat, Nevada; (2) the role of the mantle during crustal extension; (3) the detailed geology of Crater Flat, Nevada; (4) Pliocene volcanoes in the Reveille Range, south-central Nevada; (5) estimating the probability of disruption of the proposed repository by volcanic eruptions. This topic is being studied by Dr. C.H. Ho at UNLV. The report contains copies of these individual papers as they were presented in various conference proceedings.

NONE

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

94

Direct numerical simulations of multiphase flow with applications to basaltic volcanism and planetary evolution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multiphase flows are an essential component of natural systems: They affect the explosivity of volcanic eruptions, shape the landscape of terrestrial planets, and govern subsurface flow in hydrocarbon reservoirs. Advancing ...

Suckale, Jenny

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Quaternary Science Reviews 26 (2007) 15291546 Glacial and volcanic history of Icelandic table mountains from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction Table mountains, also widely known as tuyas of these distinctive landforms in the Tuya Butte volcanic field in northwestern British Columbia were described

Licciardi, Joseph M.

96

Red Mountain is one of several hundred cinder cones within a swath of volcanic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

time to expose their internal features. Although human quarrying creates frequently changing glimpses into a few of the cones in the volcanic field, quarries generally are unsafe for tourists and public access

Torgersen, Christian

97

Helium and lead isotope geochemistry of oceanic volcanic rocks from the East Pacific and South Atlantic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The isotopic evolution of helium and lead in the Earth is coupled by virtue of their common radioactive parents uranium and thorium. The isotopic signatures in oceanic volcanic rocks provide constraints on the temporal ...

Graham, David W. (David William)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Sandia National Laboratories: Sandia Will Host PV Bankability...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ateECEnergyComputational Modeling & SimulationSandia Will Host PV Bankability Workshop at Solar Power International (SPI) 2013 Sandia Will Host PV Bankability Workshop at Solar...

99

Department of Energy to Host Secretary of Energy Advisory Board...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Department of Energy to Host Secretary of Energy Advisory Board Natural Gas Subcommittee Meeting Department of Energy to Host Secretary of Energy Advisory Board Natural Gas...

100

NNSA Hosts Cybersecurity Consortium Members Following White House...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

NNSA Blog NNSA Hosts Cybersecurity Consortium Members Following White ... NNSA Hosts Cybersecurity Consortium Members Following White House Announcement of 25 Million in Grants...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volcanic age host" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Senior DOE Official to Host Press Call on Electricity Advisory...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Senior DOE Official to Host Press Call on Electricity Advisory Committee's New Reports Senior DOE Official to Host Press Call on Electricity Advisory Committee's New Reports...

102

Secretary of Energy Advisory Board Hosts Conference Call on Shale...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Secretary of Energy Advisory Board Hosts Conference Call on Shale Gas Draft Report Secretary of Energy Advisory Board Hosts Conference Call on Shale Gas Draft Report November 10,...

103

Phosphine oxide derivatives as hosts for blue phosphors: A joint...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

oxide derivatives as hosts for blue phosphors: A joint theoretical and experimental study of their electronic Phosphine oxide derivatives as hosts for blue phosphors: A joint...

104

MEDIA BRIEFING CONFERENCE CALL: Secretary Chu to Host Solar Energy...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

BRIEFING CONFERENCE CALL: Secretary Chu to Host Solar Energy Conference Call MEDIA BRIEFING CONFERENCE CALL: Secretary Chu to Host Solar Energy Conference Call February 4, 2011 -...

105

Melt zones beneath five volcanic complexes in California: an assessment of shallow magma occurrences  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent geological and geophysical data for five magma-hydrothermal systems were studied for the purpose of developing estimates for the depth, volume and location of magma beneath each area. The areas studied were: (1) Salton Trough, (2) The Geysers-Clear Lake, (3) Long Valley caldera, (4) Coso volcanic field, and (5) Medicine Lake volcano, all located in California and all selected on the basis of recent volcanic activity and published indications of crustal melt zones. 23 figs.

Goldstein, N.E.; Flexser, S.

1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Geologic evolution of the Jemez Mountains and their potential for future volcanic activity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Geophysical and geochemical data and the geologic history of the Rio Grande rift and the vicinity of the Jemez Mountains are summarized to determine the probability of future volcanic activity in the Los Alamos, New Mexico area. The apparent cyclic nature of volcanism in the Jemez Mountains may be related to intermittent thermal inputs into the volcanic system beneath the region. The Jemez lineament, an alignment of late Cenozoic volcanic centers that crosses the rift near Los Alamos, has played an important role in the volcanic evolution of the Jemez Mountains. Geophysical data suggest that there is no active shallow magma body beneath the Valles caldera, though magma probably exists at about 15 km beneath this portion of the rift. The rate of volcanism in the Jemez Mountains during the last 10 million years has been 5 x 10/sup -9//km/sup 2//y. Lava or ash flows overriding Laboratory radioactive waste disposal sites would have little potential to release radionuclides to the environment. The probability of a new volcano intruding close enough to a radioactive waste disposal site to effect radionuclide release is 2 x 10/sup -7//y.

Burton, B.W.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Geologic origin of magnetic volcanic glasses in the KBS tuff  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Volcanic glass shards and banded pumice from the KBS tuff of northern Kenya exhibit marked variations in magnetic susceptibility and color (colorless to dark brown). The darker glass shards exhibit superparamagnetism, which they now know to be carried by a population of tiny microcrystals of Fe-rich cubic oxide, approx. 20 to approx. 100 A in size, thought to be magnetite. A theory for their origin is one of nucleation and growth (precipitation) in quenched homogeneous glass (colorless) at temperatures of approx. 700-1000/sup 0/C during and immediately subsequent to eruption. Results from high-temperature heating experiments on KBS shards support this idea. The precipitate appears in the KBS shards as a consequence of their cooling history and is the origin of their coloring; the origin cannot lie in negligible compositional differences between the colorless and darkest shards. On the other hand, banded pumice from the KBS tuff has both dark and colorless glasses of differing compositions. The pumice appears banded because precipitation occurred preferentially in the Fe-rich glass. Although magma mixing may have played a role in the eruption of these materials, on the basis of their survey of distal eruptive products, it would appear that the volumetric amount of the mafic end member (dark pumice) was insubstantial.

Schlinger, C.M.; Smith, R.M.; Veblen, D.R.

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

THE MASS DEPENDENCE BETWEEN PROTOPLANETARY DISKS AND THEIR STELLAR HOSTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a substantial extension of the millimeter (mm) wave continuum photometry catalog for circumstellar dust disks in the Taurus star-forming region, based on a new ''snapshot'' {lambda} = 1.3 mm survey with the Submillimeter Array. Combining these new data with measurements in the literature, we construct a mm-wave luminosity distribution, f(L{sub mm}), for Class II disks that is statistically complete for stellar hosts with spectral types earlier than M8.5 and has a 3{sigma} depth of roughly 3 mJy. The resulting census eliminates a longstanding selection bias against disks with late-type hosts, and thereby demonstrates that there is a strong correlation between L{sub mm} and the host spectral type. By translating the locations of individual stars in the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram into masses and ages, and adopting a simple conversion between L{sub mm} and the disk mass, M{sub d} , we confirm that this correlation corresponds to a statistically robust relationship between the masses of dust disks and the stars that host them. A Bayesian regression technique is used to characterize these relationships in the presence of measurement errors, data censoring, and significant intrinsic scatter: the best-fit results indicate a typical 1.3 mm flux density of {approx}25 mJy for 1 M{sub Sun} hosts and a power-law scaling L{sub mm}{proportional_to}M{sub *}{sup 1.5-2.0}. We suggest that a reasonable treatment of dust temperature in the conversion from L{sub mm} to M{sub d} favors an inherently linear M{sub d} {proportional_to}M{sub *} scaling, with a typical disk-to-star mass ratio of {approx}0.2%-0.6%. The measured rms dispersion around this regression curve is {+-}0.7 dex, suggesting that the combined effects of diverse evolutionary states, dust opacities, and temperatures in these disks imprint a full width at half-maximum range of a factor of {approx}40 on the inferred M{sub d} (or L{sub mm}) at any given host mass. We argue that this relationship between M{sub d} and M{sub *} likely represents the origin of the inferred correlation between giant planet frequency and host star mass in the exoplanet population, and provides some basic support for the core accretion model for planet formation. Moreover, we caution that the effects of incompleteness and selection bias must be considered in comparative studies of disk evolution, and illustrate that fact with statistical comparisons of f(L{sub mm}) between the Taurus catalog presented here and incomplete subsamples in the Ophiuchus, IC 348, and Upper Sco young clusters.

Andrews, Sean M.; Rosenfeld, Katherine A.; Kraus, Adam L.; Wilner, David J., E-mail: sandrews@cfa.harvard.edu [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

2013-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

109

NEW MEXICO BUREAU OF GEOLOGY & MINERAL RESOURCES, BULLETIN 160, 2004 Cosmogenic 36Cl ages of lava flows in the ZuniBandera  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

309 NEW MEXICO BUREAU OF GEOLOGY & MINERAL RESOURCES, BULLETIN 160, 2004 Cosmogenic 36Cl ages of lava flows in the Zuni­Bandera volcanic field, northcentral New Mexico, U.S.A. Nelia W. Dunbar1 and Fred M. Phillips2 1New Mexico Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources, New Mexico Institute of Mining

Dunbar, Nelia W.

110

Effects of Volcanism on Climate Paul Withers The effects of subaerial volcanism extend far from their source. Long-distance effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at ground level. Mafic volcanic gases can be roughly described as 80% H2O, 10% CO2, 5% SO2, and traces, 1980), El Chichon (Mexico, 1982), Mt. Hudson (Chile, 1991), and Mt. Pinatubo (Philippines, 1991 of the eruption column, having been transported less than 1000 km for any eruptions in the Holocene, or past 8000

Withers, Paul

111

(New hosts and vectors for genome cloning)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main goal of our project remains the development of new bacterial hosts and vectors for the stable propagation of human DNA clones in E. coli. During the past six months of our current budget period, we have (1) continued to develop new hosts that permit the stable maintenance of unstable features of human DNA, and (2) developed a series of vectors for (a) cloning large DNA inserts, (b) assessing the frequency of human sequences that are lethal to the growth of E. coli, and (c) assessing the stability of human sequences cloned in M13 for large-scale sequencing projects.

Not Available

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Ceramic Hosts for Fission Products Immobilization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Natural spinel, perovskite and zirconolite rank among the most leach resistant of mineral forms. They also have a strong affinity for a large number of other elements and including actinides. Specimens of natural perovskite and zirconolite were radioisotope dated and found to have survived at least 2 billion years of natural process while still remain their loading of uranium and thorium . Developers of the Synroc waste form recognized and exploited the capability of these minerals to securely immobilize TRU elements in high-level waste . However, the Synroc process requires a relatively uniform input and hot pressing equipment to produce the waste form. It is desirable to develop alternative approaches to fabricate these durable waste forms to immobilize the radioactive elements. One approach is using a high temperature process to synthesize these mineral host phases to incorporate the fission products in their crystalline structures. These mineral assemblages with immobilized fission products are then isolated in a durable high temperature glass for periods measured on a geologic time scale. This is a long term research concept and will begin with the laboratory synthesis of the pure spinel (MgAl2O4), perovskite (CaTiO3) and zirconolite (CaZrTi2O7) from their constituent oxides. High temperature furnace and/or thermal plasma will be used for the synthesis of these ceramic host phases. Nonradioactive strontium oxide will be doped into these ceramic phases to investigate the development of substitutional phases such as Mg1-xSrxAl2O4, Ca1-xSrxTiO3 and Ca1-xSrxZrTi2O7. X-ray diffraction will be used to establish the crystalline structures of the pure ceramic hosts and the substitution phases. Scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray analysis (SEM-EDX) will be performed for product morphology and fission product surrogates distribution in the crystalline hosts. The range of strontium doping is planned to reach the full substitution of the divalent metal ions, Mg and Ca, in the ceramic host phases. The immobilization of rear earth (lanthanide series) fission products in these ceramic host phases will also be studied this year. Cerium oxide is chosen to represent the rear earth fission product for substitution studies in spinel, perovskite and zirconolite ceramic hosts. Cerium has +3 and +4 oxidation states and it can replace some of the trivalent or tetravalent host ions to produce the substitution ceramics such as MgAl2-xCexO4, CaTi1-xCexO3, CaZr1-xCexTi2O7 and CaZrTi2-xCexO7. X-ray diffraction analysis will be used to compare the crystalline structures of the pure ceramic hosts and the substitution phases. SEM-EDX analysis will be used to study the Ce distribution in the ceramic host phases. The range of cerium doping is planned to reach the full substitution of the trivalent or tetravalent ions, Al, Ti and Zr, in the ceramic host phases.

Peter C Kong

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

DMBC: Domain Names & Web Hosting Domain Names  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DMBC: Domain Names & Web Hosting Domain Names Top Level Domains · .com · .net · .org · .edu · .gov.9% of the web-viewing audience is used to typing in. Chances are, a visitor will type in ".com" even if you tell and simple · Try to avoid dashes or underscores in the domain name unless there is no other option Web

Stowell, Michael

114

The red triangles are volcano locations. Dark-orange areas have a higher volcanic hazard; light-orange areas have a lower volcanic hazard. Dark-gray areas have a higher ash fall hazard;  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The red triangles are volcano locations. Dark-orange areas have a higher volcanic hazard; light-orange areas have a lower volcanic hazard. Dark-gray areas have a higher ash fall hazard; light-gray areas have a lower ash fall hazard. Information is based on data during the past 10,000 years. Bottom, from left

Torgersen, Christian

115

Bull. Soc. gol. Fr., 2008, no The alkaline intraplate volcanism of the Antalya nappes (Turkey): a Late  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bull. Soc. géol. Fr., 2008, no 4 The alkaline intraplate volcanism of the Antalya nappes (Turkey-words. ­ Alkali basalt, Intraplate volcanism, Triassic (Upper), Neotethys, Turkey, Geochemistry. Abstract. ­ Late belonging to the Kara Dere ­ Sayrun unit of the Middle Antalya nappes, southwestern Turkey. New

Demouchy, Sylvie

116

Solar and volcanic fingerprints in tree-ring chronologies over the past 2000 years Petra Breitenmoser a,b,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solar and volcanic fingerprints in tree-ring chronologies over the past 2000 years Petra Climate variability Tree-ring proxies DeVries solar cycle Volcanic activity Past two millennia The Sun cli- mate forcings to continuing global warming. To properly address long-term fingerprints of solar

Wehrli, Bernhard

117

Exploring links between physical and probabilistic models of volcanic eruptions: The Soufrie`re Hills Volcano, Montserrat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

] Probabilistic methods play an increasingly important role in volcanic hazards forecasts. Here we show stiffening and gas exsolution, and depressurization due to development of permeability and gas escape. Our experience with the Soufrie`re Hills Volcano eruption sequence suggests that volcanic eruption forecasts

Connor, Charles

118

Evidence for explosive silicic volcanism on the Moon from the extended distribution of thorium near the Compton-Belkovich Volcanic Complex  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We reconstruct the abundance of thorium near the Compton-Belkovich Volcanic Complex on the Moon, using data from the Lunar Prospector Gamma Ray Spectrometer. We enhance the resolution via a pixon image reconstruction technique, and find that the thorium is distributed over a larger (40 km $\\times$ 75 km) area than the (25 km $\\times$ 35 km) high albedo region normally associated with Compton-Belkovich. Our reconstructions show that inside this region, the thorium concentration is 15 - 33 ppm. We also find additional thorium, spread up to 300 km eastward of the complex at $\\sim$2 ppm. The thorium must have been deposited during the formation of the volcanic complex, because subsequent lateral transport mechanisms, such as small impacts, are unable to move sufficient material. The morphology of the feature is consistent with pyroclastic dispersal and we conclude that the present distribution of thorium was likely created by the explosive eruption of silicic magma.

Wilson, J T; Massey, R J; Elphic, R C; Jolliff, B L; Lawrence, D J; Llewellin, E W; McElwaine, J N; Teodoro, L F A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Y-12 hosts NNSA Aging Infrastructure Workshop | Y-12 National Security  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert SouthwestTechnologies | Blandine Jerome Careers atWorking with UsComplex Y-12

120

ORNL to Host Tennessee Solar Initiative  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;ORNL to Host Tennessee· Solar Initiative Two Energy Frontier Research· Centers at ORNL Senate each of energy's "10 Big Problems." Our strategy is grounded in the belief that no single technology Energy Chair Visits ORNL· V o l . 4 2 , N o . 2 , 2 0 0 9 c o n t e n t s e d i t o r i a l 1 Solving

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volcanic age host" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Identification of host response signatures of infection.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Biological weapons of mass destruction and emerging infectious diseases represent a serious and growing threat to our national security. Effective response to a bioattack or disease outbreak critically depends upon efficient and reliable distinguishing between infected vs healthy individuals, to enable rational use of scarce, invasive, and/or costly countermeasures (diagnostics, therapies, quarantine). Screening based on direct detection of the causative pathogen can be problematic, because culture- and probe-based assays are confounded by unanticipated pathogens (e.g., deeply diverged, engineered), and readily-accessible specimens (e.g., blood) often contain little or no pathogen, particularly at pre-symptomatic stages of disease. Thus, in addition to the pathogen itself, one would like to detect infection-specific host response signatures in the specimen, preferably ones comprised of nucleic acids (NA), which can be recovered and amplified from tiny specimens (e.g., fingerstick draws). Proof-of-concept studies have not been definitive, however, largely due to use of sub-optimal sample preparation and detection technologies. For purposes of pathogen detection, Sandia has developed novel molecular biology methods that enable selective isolation of NA unique to, or shared between, complex samples, followed by identification and quantitation via Second Generation Sequencing (SGS). The central hypothesis of the current study is that variations on this approach will support efficient identification and verification of NA-based host response signatures of infectious disease. To test this hypothesis, we re-engineered Sandia's sophisticated sample preparation pipelines, and developed new SGS data analysis tools and strategies, in order to pioneer use of SGS for identification of host NA correlating with infection. Proof-of-concept studies were carried out using specimens drawn from pathogen-infected non-human primates (NHP). This work provides a strong foundation for large-scale, highly-efficient efforts to identify and verify infection-specific host NA signatures in human populations.

Branda, Steven S.; Sinha, Anupama; Bent, Zachary

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

On Quasar Masses and Quasar Host Galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The mass of massive black holes in quasar cores can be deduced using the typical velocities of Hb-emitting clouds in the Broad Line Region (BLR) and the size of this region. However, this estimate depends on various assumptions and is susceptible to large systematic errors. The Hb-deduced black hole mass in a sample of 14 bright quasars is found here to correlate with the quasar host galaxy luminosity, as determined with the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). This correlation is similar to the black hole mass vs. bulge luminosity correlation found by Magorrian et al. in a sample of 32 nearby normal galaxies. The similarity of the two correlations is remarkable since the two samples involve apparently different types of objects and since the black hole mass estimates in quasars and in nearby galaxies are based on very different methods. This similarity provides a ``calibration'' of the Hb-deduced black hole mass estimate, suggesting it is accurate to +-0.5 on log scale. The similarity of the two correlations also suggests that quasars reside in otherwise normal galaxies, and that the luminosity of quasar hosts can be estimated to +-0.5 mag based on the quasar continuum luminosity and the Hb line width. Future imaging observations of additional broad-line active galaxies with the HST are required in order to explore the extent, slope, and scatter of the black hole mass vs. host bulge luminosity correlation in active galaxies.

Ari Laor

1998-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

123

Acting Biomass Program Manager Dr. Valerie Reed to Host Live...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Biomass Program Manager Dr. Valerie Reed to Host Live Twitter Q&A on Advanced Biofuels Acting Biomass Program Manager Dr. Valerie Reed to Host Live Twitter Q&A on Advanced Biofuels...

124

Parylene C Aging Studies.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Parylene C is used in a device because of its conformable deposition and other advantages. Techniques to study Parylene C aging were developed, and %22lessons learned%22 that could be utilized for future studies are the result of this initial study. Differential Scanning Calorimetry yielded temperature ranges for Parylene C aging as well as post-deposition treatment. Post-deposition techniques are suggested to improve Parylene C performance. Sample preparation was critical to aging regimen. Short-term (~40 days) aging experiments with free standing and ceramic-supported Parylene C films highlighted %22lessons learned%22 which stressed further investigations in order to refine sample preparation (film thickness, single sided uniform coating, machine versus laser cutting, annealing time, temperature) and testing issues (%22necking%22) for robust accelerated aging of Parylene C.

Achyuthan, Komandoor; Sawyer, Patricia Sue.; Mata, Guillermo Adrian; White II, Gregory Von; Bernstein, Robert

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

COOEE bitumen: chemical aging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study chemical aging in "COOEE bitumen" using molecular dynamic simulations. The model bitumen is composed of four realistic molecule types: saturated hydrocarbon, resinous oil, resin, and asphaltene. The aging reaction is modelled by the chemical reaction: "2 resins $\\rightarrow$ 1 asphaltene". Molecular dynamic simulations of four bitumen compositions, obtained by a repeated application of the aging reaction, are performed. The stress autocorrelation function, the fluid structure, the rotational dynamics of the plane aromatic molecules, and the diffusivity of each molecule, are determined for the four different compositions. The aging reaction causes a significant dynamics slowdown, which is correlated to the aggregation of asphaltene molecules in larger and dynamically slower nanoaggregates. Finally, a detailed description of the role of each molecule types in the aggregation and aging processes is given.

Lemarchand, Claire A; Dyre, Jeppe C; Hansen, Jesper S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

W&M, JLab Host International Neutrino Workshop (William & Mary...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

wm.edunewsstories2012william--mary-hosts-international-neutrino-workshop123.php Submitted: Wednesday, July 18...

127

William and Mary Athletics Recruit Host Money Form  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

William and Mary Athletics Recruit Host Money Form This form must be completed when requesting reimbursement for recruit host money distributed to William and Mary student-athletes. 1. All expenses must from the William and Mary Athletics department, to be used for recruit host money during the dates

Swaddle, John

128

RESEARCH ARTICLE Apparent downwind depletion of volcanic SO2 flux--lessons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Volcano monitoring . FLYSPEC Introduction Volcanic gas emissions play an important role indicate that dry deposition of sulfur from the plume and conversion of SO2 to sulfate aerosols within 5km downwind, and is responsible for the apparent loss of SO2. Due to the importance of SO2 emission

Williams-Jones, Glyn

129

Journal of Geodynamics Offshore Oligo-Miocene volcanic fields within the Corsica-Liguria Basin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Journal of Geodynamics Offshore Oligo-Miocene volcanic fields within the Corsica-Liguria Basin Mediterranean) have been affected by a geochemically diverse igneous activity, offshore and onshore, since to our initial project. Key-Words: Mediterranean, Ligurian margins and Basin, Offshore Corsica, Miocene

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

130

Using hydraulic equivalences to discriminate transport processes1 of volcanic flows1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

G21942 Using hydraulic equivalences to discriminate transport processes1 of volcanic flows1 2 Alain of hydraulic equivalence, we determined that deposits resulted from a combination of suspended-12 load fallout between transport mechanisms, hydraulic18 equivalences have a general applicability in geophysical flows

Boyer, Edmond

131

Effects of Mount Pinatubo volcanic eruption on the hydrological cycle as an analog of geoengineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of geoengineering Kevin E. Trenberth1 and Aiguo Dai1 Received 27 April 2007; revised 4 June 2007; accepted 26 June the composition of the atmosphere and alter outgoing longwave radiation (OLR). One geoengineering solution being geoengineering solutions. Citation: Trenberth, K. E., and A. Dai (2007), Effects of Mount Pinatubo volcanic

Dai, Aiguo

132

Did the Toba volcanic eruption of $74 ka B.P. produce widespread glaciation?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that the Toba volcanic eruption, approximately 74 ka B.P., was responsible for the extended cooling period and ice sheet advance immediately following it, but previous climate model simulations, using 100 times a maximum global cooling of 10 K and ModelE runs produced 8­17 K of cooling within the first years

Robock, Alan

133

Impacts, volcanism and mass extinction: random coincidence or cause and effect?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in diameter caused significant species extinctions. This includes the 170 km-diameter Chicxulub impact crater or even significant species extinctions. The K/T mass extinction may have been caused by the coincidenceImpacts, volcanism and mass extinction: random coincidence or cause and effect? G. KELLER

134

Geochemistry of volcanic rocks from the Geysers geothermal area, California Coast Ranges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

source of geothermal energy, is ulti- 0024-4937/$ - see front matter D 2005 Published by Elsevier BGeochemistry of volcanic rocks from the Geysers geothermal area, California Coast Ranges Axel K Potsdam, Germany c Philippine Geothermal, Inc., Makati, Philippines Received 1 May 2004; accepted 25 May

135

Geologic constraints on the existence and distribution of West Antarctic subglacial volcanism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

geothermal heat associated with their em- placement and cooling could play a crucial role in basal melt water [2] Geophysical studies suggest that subglacial volcanic activity and geothermal phenomena may help production. For instance, the geothermal flux estimate in the vicinity of a (potential) recently active

Hemming, Sidney R

136

Mt. Etna volcanic aerosol and ash retrievals using MERIS and AATSR data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

radiation. Explosive plume particles component optical characteristics has been retrieved as a spatial calculating the optical properties of the volcanic ash a radiative transfer model has been used to simulated visible and near infrared channels we have estimated the optical depth (at 550nm) and the effective radius

Oxford, University of

137

Hydrogeochemistry and rare earth element behavior in a volcanically acidified watershed in Patagonia, Argentina  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrogeochemistry and rare earth element behavior in a volcanically acidified watershed and analyzed for major ions, trace metals, and rare earth elements (REE). The concentrations of REE in the Rio to oxidation of sulfide minerals. D 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Rare earth elements

Royer, Dana

138

New ice core evidence for a volcanic cause of the A.D. 536 dust veil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New ice core evidence for a volcanic cause of the A.D. 536 dust veil L. B. Larsen,1 B. M. Vinther,1. [1] New and well-dated evidence of sulphate deposits in Greenland and Antarctic ice cores indicate a substantial and extensive atmospheric acidic dust veil at A.D. 533¬≠534 ¬Ī 2 years. This was likely produced

Nicolussi, Kurt

139

Automated volcanic eruption detection using MODIS Robert Wright *, Luke Flynn, Harold Garbeil, Andrew Harris, Eric Pilger  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automated volcanic eruption detection using MODIS Robert Wright *, Luke Flynn, Harold Garbeil, Harris, & Wright, 2001). Initial research was concerned with the use of high-spatial-, low.g. Flynn Mouginis-Mark, & Horton, 1994; Wright, Flynn, & Harris, 2001), lava domes (e.g. Oppenheimer

Wright, Robert

140

Steam Explosions, Earthquakes, and Volcanic Eruptions--What's in Yellowstone's Future?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Steam Explosions, Earthquakes, and Volcanic Eruptions-- What's in Yellowstone's Future? U. In the background, steam vigorously rises from the hot Each year, millions of visitors come to admire the hot, such as geysers. Steam and hot water carry huge quantities of thermal en- ergy to the surface from the magma cham

Torgersen, Christian

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volcanic age host" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

American Journal of Science UTURUNCU VOLCANO, BOLIVIA: VOLCANIC UNREST DUE TO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

American Journal of Science JUNE 2008 UTURUNCU VOLCANO, BOLIVIA: VOLCANIC UNREST DUE TO MID. Uturuncu volcano, SW Bolivia, is a dormant stratovolcano ( 85 km3 ) dominated by dacitic lava domes ßßß Empresa Minera Unificada S.A., La Paz, Bolivia; Mayelsuco@hotmail.com Institute of Geophysics, University

Pritchard, Matthew

142

Lithium abundances in exoplanet-hosts stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exoplanet-host stars (EHS) are known to present surface chemical abundances different from those of stars without any detected planet (NEHS). EHS are, on the average, overmetallic compared to the Sun. The observations also show that, for cool stars, lithium is more depleted in EHS than in NEHS. The overmetallicity of EHS may be studied in the framework of two different scenarii. We have computed main sequence stellar models with various masses, metallicities and accretion rates. The results show different profiles for the lithium destruction according to the scenario. We compare these results to the spectroscopic observations of lithium.

M. Castro; S. Vauclair; O. Richard; N. C. Santos

2008-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

143

Class Host: Johnson County Sheriff's Office Criminalistics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to User Group and Userof aChristina MartosLibrary ServicesClass Host:

144

A novel test for host-symbiont codivergence indicates ancient origin of fungal endophytes in grasses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Significant phylogenetic codivergence between plant or animal hosts ($H$) and their symbionts or parasites ($P$) indicate the importance of their interactions on evolutionary time scales. However, valid and realistic methods to test for codivergence are not fully developed. One of the systems where possible codivergence has been of interest involves the large subfamily of temperate grasses (Pooideae) and their endophytic fungi (epichloae). These widespread symbioses often help protect host plants from herbivory and stresses, and affect species diversity and food web structures. Here we introduce the MRCALink (most-recent-common-ancestor link) method and use it to investigate the possibility of grass-epichlo\\"e codivergence. MRCALink applied to ultrametric $H$ and $P$ trees identifies all corresponding nodes for pairwise comparisons of MRCA ages. The result is compared to the space of random $H$ and $P$ tree pairs estimated by a Monte Carlo method.

Schardl, Chris L; Lindstrom, Adam; Speakman, Skyler; Stromberg, Arnold; Yoshida, Ruriko

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Spectral decomposition of broad-line agns and host galaxies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using an eigenspectrum decomposition technique, we separate the host galaxy from the broad line active galactic nucleus (AGN) in a set of 4666 spectra from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), from redshifts near zero up to about 0.75. The decomposition technique uses separate sets of galaxy and quasar eigenspectra to efficiently and reliably separate the AGN and host spectroscopic components. The technique accurately reproduces the host galaxy spectrum, its contributing fraction, and its classification. We show how the accuracy of the decomposition depends upon S/N, host galaxy fraction, and the galaxy class. Based on the eigencoefficients, the sample of SDSS broad-line AGN host galaxies spans a wide range of spectral types, but the distribution differs significantly from inactive galaxies. In particular, post-starburst activity appears to be much more common among AGN host galaxies. The luminosities of the hosts are much higher than expected for normal early-type galaxies, and their colors become increasingly bluer than early-type galaxies with increasing host luminosity. Most of the AGNs with detected hosts are emitting at between 1% and 10% of their estimated Eddington luminosities, but the sensitivity of the technique usually does not extend to the Eddington limit. There are mild correlations among the AGN and host galaxy eigencoefficients, possibly indicating a link between recent star formation and the onset of AGN activity. The catalog of spectral reconstruction parameters is available as an electronic table.

Vanden Berk, Daniel E.; Shen, Jiajian; /Penn State U., Astron. Astrophys.; Yip, Ching-Wa; /Pittsburgh U.; Schneider, Donald P.; /Penn State U., Astron. Astrophys.; Connolly,; /Pittsburgh U.; Burton, Ross E.; /Pittsburgh U. /Case Western Reserve U.; Jester, Sebastian; /Fermilab; Hall, Patrick B.; /York U., Canada; Szalay, Alex S.; /Johns Hopkins; Brinkmann, John; /Apache Point Observ.

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

New Age Teaching: Beyond Didactics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Age Teaching: Beyond Didactics TheScientificWorldJOURNAL (New age teaching: beyond didactics. TSW Urology 1, 75Ė85.New Age Teaching: Beyond Didactics Peter D. Vlaovic and

Vlaovic, Peter D; McDougall, Elspeth M

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Fastbus host interface for VAX/VMS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A list processing microprocessor controlled host interface for FASTBUS has been constructed by connection of a FASTBUS cable segment to the VAX DR-32 Device Interconnect (DDI) implemented via the DEC DR-780 channel on a VAX-11/780 system. Block transfer rates of 5.7 megabytes/second (700 ns per 32 bit longword) are achieved on VAX-11/780 systems equipped with a single MS-780 memory controller, while interleaved dual memory controller systems reach 8.0 megabytes/second (500 ns per longword) performance. The hardware and software interface should work equally well on DR-750 equipped VAX-11/750 systems (with appropriate reductions in achievable bandwidth) as well as on any future VAX systems equipped with a DDI adapter.

Siskind, E.J.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

ISO Observations of Quasars and Quasar Hosts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Infrared Space Observatory (ISO), launched in November 1995, allows us to measure the far-infrared (far-IR) emission of quasars in greater detail and over a wider energy range than previously possible. In this paper, preliminary results in a study of the 5--200 $\\mu m$ continuum of quasars and active galaxies are presented. Comparison of the spectral energy distributions show that, if the far-IR emission from quasars is thermal emission from galaxian dust, the host galaxies of quasars must contain dust in quantities comparable to IR luminous galaxies rather than normal spiral galaxies. In the near-IR, the ISO data confirm an excess due to a warm `AGN-related' dust component, possibly from the putative molecular torus. We report detection of the high-redshift quasar, 1202-0727, in the near-IR indicating that it is unusually IR-bright compared with low-redshift quasars.

Belinda J. Wilkes

1997-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

149

Acoustic waves in the atmosphere and ground generated by volcanic activity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports an interesting sequence of harmonic tremor observed in the 2011 eruption of Shinmoe-dake volcano, southern Japan. The main eruptive activity started with ashcloud forming explosive eruptions, followed by lava effusion. Harmonic tremor was transmitted into the ground and observed as seismic waves at the last stage of the effusive eruption. The tremor observed at this stage had unclear and fluctuating harmonic modes. In the atmosphere, on the other hand, many impulsive acoustic waves indicating small surface explosions were observed. When the effusion stopped and the erupted lava began explosive degassing, harmonic tremor started to be transmitted also to the atmosphere and observed as acoustic waves. Then the harmonic modes became clearer and more stable. This sequence of harmonic tremor is interpreted as a process in which volcanic degassing generates an open connection between the volcanic conduit and the atmosphere. In order to test this hypothesis, a laboratory experiment was performed and the essential features were successfully reproduced.

Ichihara, Mie; Lyons, John; Oikawa, Jun; Takeo, Minoru [Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0032 (Japan); Instituto Geofisico, Escuela Politecnica Nacional, Ladron de Guevara E11-253, Aptdo 2759, Quito (Ecuador); Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0032 (Japan)

2012-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

150

Weathering and genesis of volcanic ash-influenced vertisols and vertic-like soils of El Salvador  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

weathered Vertisol. Many studies have been done on the clay mineralogy of volcanic ash-derived soils. These soils have considerable amounts of amorphous materials in the clay fraction resulting in properties different from other mineral soils. Literature... on the mineralogy of Vertisols derived from or influenced by pyroclastic deposits, however, remain sparse. The mineralogical composition of volcanic ash depends on the conditions existing at the time of eruptions, the stage of soil 13 formation, the thickness...

Yerima, Bernard Palmer Kfuban

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

DEMOGRAPHICS OF THE GALAXIES HOSTING SHORT-DURATION GAMMA-RAY BURSTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present observations of the afterglows and host galaxies of three short-duration gamma-ray bursts (GRBs): 100625A, 101219A, and 110112A. We find that GRB 100625A occurred in a z = 0.452 early-type galaxy with a stellar mass of Almost-Equal-To 4.6 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 9} M{sub Sun} and a stellar population age of Almost-Equal-To 0.7 Gyr, and GRB 101219A originated in a star-forming galaxy at z = 0.718 with a stellar mass of Almost-Equal-To 1.4 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 9} M{sub Sun }, a star formation rate of Almost-Equal-To 16 M{sub Sun} yr{sup -1}, and a stellar population age of Almost-Equal-To 50 Myr. We also report the discovery of the optical afterglow of GRB 110112A, which lacks a coincident host galaxy to i {approx}> 26 mag, and we cannot conclusively identify any field galaxy as a possible host. From afterglow modeling, the bursts have inferred circumburst densities of Almost-Equal-To 10{sup -4}-1 cm{sup -3} and isotropic-equivalent gamma-ray and kinetic energies of Almost-Equal-To 10{sup 50}-10{sup 51} erg. These three events highlight the diversity of galactic environments that host short GRBs. To quantify this diversity, we use the sample of 36 Swift short GRBs with robust associations to an environment ({approx}1/2 of 68 short bursts detected by Swift to 2012 May) and classify bursts originating from four types of environments: late-type ( Almost-Equal-To 50%), early-type ( Almost-Equal-To 15%), inconclusive ( Almost-Equal-To 20%), and ''host-less'' (lacking a coincident host galaxy to limits of {approx}> 26 mag; Almost-Equal-To 15%). To find likely ranges for the true late- and early-type fractions, we assign each of the host-less bursts to either the late- or early-type category using probabilistic arguments and consider the scenario that all hosts in the inconclusive category are early-type galaxies to set an upper bound on the early-type fraction. We calculate most likely ranges for the late- and early-type fractions of Almost-Equal-To 60%-80% and Almost-Equal-To 20%-40%, respectively. We find no clear trend between gamma-ray duration and host type. We also find no change to the fractions when excluding events recently claimed as possible contaminants from the long GRB/collapsar population. Our reported demographics are consistent with a short GRB rate driven by both stellar mass and star formation.

Fong, W.; Berger, E.; Chornock, R.; Margutti, R.; Czekala, I.; Zauderer, B. A.; Laskar, T.; Servillat, M. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Levan, A. J.; Tunnicliffe, R. L. [Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom); Tanvir, N. R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH (United Kingdom); Fox, D. B. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 525 Davey Laboratory, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Perley, D. A. [Cahill Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Room 232, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Cenko, S. B. [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3411 (United States); Persson, S. E.; Monson, A. J.; Kelson, D. D.; Birk, C.; Murphy, D. [Observatories of the Carnegie Institution for Science, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); Anglada, G. [Institut fuer Astrophysik, Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, Universitaet Goettingen, D-37077 Goettingen (Germany)

2013-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

152

Geologic and geophysical investigations of the Zuni-Bandera volcanic field, New Mexico  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A positive, northeast-trending gravity anomaly, 90 km long and 30 km wide, extends southwest from the Zuni uplift, New Mexico. The Zuni-Bandera volcanic field, an alignment of 74 basaltic vents, is parallel to the eastern edge of the anomaly. Lavas display a bimodal distribution of tholeiitic and alkalic compositions, and were erupted over a period from 4 Myr to present. A residual gravity profile taken perpendicular to the major axis of the anomaly was analyzed using linear programming and ideal body theory to obtain bounds on the density contrast, depth, and minimum thickness of the gravity body. Two-dimensionality was assumed. The limiting case where the anomalous body reaches the surface gives 0.1 g/cm/sup 3/ as the greatest lower bound on the maximum density contrast. If 0.4 g/cm/sup 3/ is taken as the geologically reasonable upper limit on the maximum density contrast, the least upper bound on the depth of burial is 3.5 km and minimum thickness is 2 km. A shallow mafic intrusion, emplaced sometime before Laramide deformation, is proposed to account for the positive gravity anomaly. Analysis of a magnetotelluric survey suggests that the intrusion is not due to recent basaltic magma associated with the Zuni-Bandera volcanic field. This large basement structure has controlled the development of the volcanic field; vent orientations have changed somewhat through time, but the trend of the volcanic chain followed the edge of the basement structure. It has also exhibited some control on deformation of the sedimentary section.

Ander, M.E.; Heiken, G.; Eichelberger, J.; Laughlin, A.W.; Huestis, S.

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Aging in community  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Baby Boomers are on the brink of retirement. According to U.S. Census Bureau projections, the number of people aged 65 and over will more than double in the coming decades, growing from 35 million in 2000 to 72 million in ...

Fay, Justin (Justin Thomas)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Comparative analysis of core drilling and rotary drilling in volcanic terrane  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Initially, the goal of this report is to compare and contrast penetration rates of rotary-mud drilling and core drilling in young volcanic terranes. It is widely recognized that areas containing an abundance of recent volcanic rocks are excellent targets for geothermal resources. Exploration programs depend heavily upon reliable subsurface information, because surface geophysical methods may be ineffective, inconclusive, or both. Past exploration drilling programs have mainly relied upon rotary-mud rigs for virtually all drilling activity. Core-drilling became popular several years ago, because it could deal effectively with two major problems encountered in young volcanic terranes: very hard, abrasive rock and extreme difficulty in controlling loss of circulation. In addition to overcoming these difficulties, core-drilling produced subsurface samples (core) that defined lithostratigraphy, structure and fractures far better than drill-chips. It seemed that the only negative aspect of core drilling was cost. The cost-per-foot may be two to three times higher than an ''initial quote'' for rotary drilling. In addition, penetration rates for comparable rock-types are often much lower for coring operations. This report also seeks to identify the extent of wireline core drilling (core-drilling using wireline retrieval) as a geothermal exploration tool. 25 refs., 21 figs., 13 tabs.

Flynn, T.; Trexler, D.T.; Wallace, R.H. Jr. (ed.)

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

NNSA hosts Illinois emergency responders during technical exchange...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Press Releases Video Gallery Photo Gallery Jobs Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home NNSA Blog NNSA hosts Illinois emergency responders during technical ......

156

Department of Energy to Host Secretary of Energy Advisory Board...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of Energy will host a public meeting of the Secretary of Energy Advisory Board (SEAB) Natural Gas Subcommittee. The meeting will allow subcommittee members to hear...

157

Department of Energy Hosts Inaugural Energy Frontier Research...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

News & Events DOE Announcements Department of Energy Hosts Inaugural Energy Frontier Research Center Summit Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers...

158

Concrete containment aging study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1989, IAEA initiated a pilot study on the management of aging of nuclear power plant components. The Phase I and II studies of concrete containment are discussed. With the data base, plant owners will be able to review and enhance their existing programs. IAEA will analyze data provided by participating plants and the report is scheduled to be released by late 1994 (final report release mid-1995).

Pachner, J. [International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria); Tai, T.M. [Bechtel National, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Naus, D. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Excitonic effects in oxyhalide scintillating host compounds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ab-initio calculations based on density functional theory have been performed to study the electronic, optical, mechanical, and vibrational properties of scintillator host compounds YOX (X?=?F, Cl, Br, and I). Semiempirical dispersion correction schemes are used to find the effect of van der Waals forces on these layered compounds and we found this effect to be negligible except for YOBr. Calculations of phonons and elastic constants showed that all the compounds studied here are both dynamically and mechanically stable. YOF and YOI are found to be indirect band gap insulators while YOCl and YOBr are direct band gap insulators. The band gap is found to decrease as we move from fluorine to iodine, while the calculated refractive index shows the opposite trend. As the band gap decreases on going down the periodic table from YOF to YOI, the luminescence increases. The excitonic binding energy calculated, within the effective mass approximation, is found to be more for YOF than the remaining compounds, suggesting that the excitonic effect to be more in YOF than the other compounds. The optical properties are calculated within the Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory (TDDFT) and compared with results obtained within the random phase approximation. The TDDFT calculations, using the newly developed bootstrap exchange-correlation kernel, showed significant excitonic effects in all the compounds studied here.

Shwetha, G.; Kanchana, V., E-mail: kanchana@iith.ac.in [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad, Ordnance Factory Estate, Yeddumailaram 502 205, Telangana (India); Valsakumar, M. C. [School of Engineering Sciences and Technology (SEST), University of Hyderabad, Prof. C. R. Rao Road, Gachibowli, Hyderabad 500 046, Telangana (India)

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

160

Host galaxies and environment of BL Lac objects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since the last meeting on BL Lac objects 10 years ago, BL Lac host galaxies and their cluster environment have gained much attention. Hence, our current knowledge of the properties of BL Lac host galaxies and their cluster environment has improved considerably, which will be reviewed. The importance of future observing programs using (very) large telescopes is briefly outlined.

J. Heidt

1998-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volcanic age host" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

A Serpentinite-Hosted Ecosystem: The Lost City Hydrothermal Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Serpentinite-Hosted Ecosystem: The Lost City Hydrothermal Field Deborah S. Kelley,1 * Jeffrey A. Baross,1 Roger E. Summons,7 Sean P. Sylva4 The serpentinite-hosted Lost City hydrothermal field is a remarkable submarine ecosystem in which geological, chemical, and biological processes are intimately

Gilli, Adrian

162

An Approach to the Automated Determination of Host Information Value  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Enterprise networks are comprised of thousands of interconnected computer hosts, each of which is capable of creating, removing, and exchanging data according to the needs of their users. Thus, the distribution of high-value, sensitive, and proprietary information across enterprise networks is poorly managed and understood. A significant technology gap in information security is the inability to automatically quantify the value of the information contained on each host in a network. Such insight would allow an enterprise to scale its defenses, react intelligently to an intrusion, manage its configuration audits, and understand the leak potential in the event that a host is compromised. This paper outlines a novel approach to the automated determination of the value of the information contained on a host computer. It involves the classification of each text document on the host machine using the frequency of the document s terms and phrases. A host information value is computed using an enterprise-defined weighting schema and applying it to a host s document distribution. The method is adaptable to specific organizational information needs, requires manual intervention only during schema creation, and is repeatable and consistent regardless of changes in information on the host machines.

Beaver, Justin M [ORNL; Patton, Robert M [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Age determination of the HR8799 planetary system using asteroseismology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Discovery of the first planetary system by direct imaging around HR8799 has made the age determination of the host star a very important task. This determination is the key to derive accurate masses of the planets and to study the dynamical stability of the system. The age of this star has been estimated using different procedures. In this work we show that some of these procedures have problems and large uncertainties, and the real age of this star is still unknown, needing more observational constraints. Therefore, we have developed a comprehensive modeling of HR8799, and taking advantage of its gamma Doradus-type pulsations, we have estimated the age of the star using asteroseismology. The accuracy in the age determination depends on the rotation velocity of the star, and therefore an accurate value of the inclination angle is required to solve the problem. Nevertheless, we find that the age estimate for this star previously published in the literature ([30,160] Myr) is unlikely, and a more accurate value ...

Moya, A; Barrado, D; HernŠndez, A GarcŪa; Aberasturi, M; Montesinos, B; Aceituno, F

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Hierarchical probabilistic regionalization of volcanism for Sengan region in Japan using multivariate statistical techniques and geostatistical interpolation techniques.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sandia National Laboratories, under contract to Nuclear Waste Management Organization of Japan (NUMO), is performing research on regional classification of given sites in Japan with respect to potential volcanic disruption using multivariate statistics and geo-statistical interpolation techniques. This report provides results obtained for hierarchical probabilistic regionalization of volcanism for the Sengan region in Japan by applying multivariate statistical techniques and geostatistical interpolation techniques on the geologic data provided by NUMO. A workshop report produced in September 2003 by Sandia National Laboratories (Arnold et al., 2003) on volcanism lists a set of most important geologic variables as well as some secondary information related to volcanism. Geologic data extracted for the Sengan region in Japan from the data provided by NUMO revealed that data are not available at the same locations for all the important geologic variables. In other words, the geologic variable vectors were found to be incomplete spatially. However, it is necessary to have complete geologic variable vectors to perform multivariate statistical analyses. As a first step towards constructing complete geologic variable vectors, the Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) zone 54 projected coordinate system and a 1 km square regular grid system were selected. The data available for each geologic variable on a geographic coordinate system were transferred to the aforementioned grid system. Also the recorded data on volcanic activity for Sengan region were produced on the same grid system. Each geologic variable map was compared with the recorded volcanic activity map to determine the geologic variables that are most important for volcanism. In the regionalized classification procedure, this step is known as the variable selection step. The following variables were determined as most important for volcanism: geothermal gradient, groundwater temperature, heat discharge, groundwater pH value, presence of volcanic rocks and presence of hydrothermal alteration. Data available for each of these important geologic variables were used to perform directional variogram modeling and kriging to estimate values for each variable at 23949 centers of the chosen 1 km cell grid system that represents the Sengan region. These values formed complete geologic variable vectors at each of the 23,949 one km cell centers.

Park, Jinyong (University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ); Balasingham, P. (University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ); McKenna, Sean Andrew; Kulatilake, Pinnaduwa H. S. W. (University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ)

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Computation of probabilistic hazard maps and source parameter estimation for volcanic ash transport and dispersion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Volcanic ash advisory centers are charged with forecasting the movement of volcanic ash plumes, for aviation, health and safety preparation. Deterministic mathematical equations model the advection and dispersion of these plumes. However initial plume conditions Ė height, profile of particle location, volcanic vent parameters Ė are known only approximately at best, and other features of the governing system such as the windfield are stochastic. These uncertainties make forecasting plume motion difficult. As a result of these uncertainties, ash advisories based on a deterministic approach tend to be conservative, and many times over/under estimate the extent of a plume. This paper presents an end-to-end framework for generating a probabilistic approach to ash plume forecasting. This framework uses an ensemble of solutions, guided by Conjugate Unscented Transform (CUT) method for evaluating expectation integrals. This ensemble is used to construct a polynomial chaos expansion that can be sampled cheaply, to provide a probabilistic model forecast. The CUT method is then combined with a minimum variance condition, to provide a full posterior pdf of the uncertain source parameters, based on observed satellite imagery. The April 2010 eruption of the EyjafjallajŲkull volcano in Iceland is employed as a test example. The puff advection/dispersion model is used to hindcast the motion of the ash plume through time, concentrating on the period 14Ė16 April 2010. Variability in the height and particle loading of that eruption is introduced through a volcano column model called bent. Output uncertainty due to the assumed uncertain input parameter probability distributions, and a probabilistic spatial-temporal estimate of ash presence are computed.

Madankan, R. [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University at Buffalo (United States); Pouget, S. [Department of Geology, University at Buffalo (United States); Singla, P., E-mail: psingla@buffalo.edu [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University at Buffalo (United States); Bursik, M. [Department of Geology, University at Buffalo (United States); Dehn, J. [Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska, Fairbanks (United States); Jones, M. [Center for Computational Research, University at Buffalo (United States); Patra, A. [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University at Buffalo (United States); Pavolonis, M. [NOAA-NESDIS, Center for Satellite Applications and Research (United States); Pitman, E.B. [Department of Mathematics, University at Buffalo (United States); Singh, T. [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University at Buffalo (United States); Webley, P. [Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska, Fairbanks (United States)

2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

166

TECTONIC VERSUS VOLCANIC ORIGIN OF THE SUMMIT DEPRESSION AT MEDICINE LAKE VOLCANO, CALIFORNIA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Medicine Lake Volcano is a Quaternary shield volcano located in a tectonically complex and active zone at the transition between the Basin and Range Province and the Cascade Range of the Pacific Province. The volcano is topped by a 7x12 km elliptical depression surrounded by a discontinuous constructional ring of basaltic to rhyolitic lava flows. This thesis explores the possibility that the depression may have formed due to regional extension (rift basin) or dextral shear (pull-apart basin) rather than through caldera collapse and examines the relationship between regional tectonics and localized volcanism. Existing data consisting of temperature and magnetotelluric surveys, alteration mineral studies, and core logging were compiled and supplemented with additional core logging, field observations, and fault striae studies in paleomagnetically oriented core samples. These results were then synthesized with regional fault data from existing maps and databases. Faulting patterns near the caldera, extension directions derived from fault striae P and T axes, and three-dimensional temperature and alteration mineral models are consistent with slip across arcuate ring faults related to magma chamber deflation during flank eruptions and/or a pyroclastic eruption at about 180 ka. These results are not consistent with a rift or pull-apart basin. Limited subsidence can be attributed to the relatively small volume of ash-flow tuff released by the only known major pyroclastic eruption and is inconsistent with the observed topographic relief. The additional relief can be explained by constructional volcanism. Striae from unoriented and oriented core, augmented by striae measurements in outcrop suggest that Walker Lane dextral shear, which can be reasonably projected from the southeast, has probably propagated into the Medicine Lake area. Most volcanic vents across Medicine Lake Volcano strike north-south, suggesting they are controlled by crustal weakness related to Basin and Range extension. Interaction of dextral shear, Basin and Range extension, and the zone of crustal weakness expressed as the Mount Shasta-Medicine Lake volcanic highland controlled the location and initiation of Medicine Lake Volcano at about 500 ka.

Mark Leon Gwynn

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Tectonic versus volcanic origin of the summit depression at Medicine Lake Volcano, California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Medicine Lake Volcano is a Quaternary shield volcano located in a tectonically complex and active zone at the transition between the Basin and Range Province and the Cascade Range of the Pacific Province. The volcano is topped by a 7x12 km elliptical depression surrounded by a discontinuous constructional ring of basaltic to rhyolitic lava flows. This thesis explores the possibility that the depression may have formed due to regional extension (rift basin) or dextral shear (pull-apart basin) rather than through caldera collapse and examines the relationship between regional tectonics and localized volcanism. Existing data consisting of temperature and magnetotelluric surveys, alteration mineral studies, and core logging were compiled and supplemented with additional core logging, field observations, and fault striae studies in paleomagnetically oriented core samples. These results were then synthesized with regional fault data from existing maps and databases. Faulting patterns near the caldera, extension directions derived from fault striae P and T axes, and three-dimensional temperature and alteration mineral models are consistent with slip across arcuate ring faults related to magma chamber deflation during flank eruptions and/or a pyroclastic eruption at about 180 ka. These results are not consistent with a rift or pull-apart basin. Limited subsidence can be attributed to the relatively small volume of ash-flow tuff released by the only known major pyroclastic eruption and is inconsistent with the observed topographic relief. The additional relief can be explained by constructional volcanism. Striae from unoriented and oriented core, augmented by striae measurements in outcrop suggest that Walker Lane dextral shear, which can be reasonably projected from the southeast, has probably propagated into the Medicine Lake area. Most volcanic vents across Medicine Lake Volcano strike north-south, suggesting they are controlled by crustal weakness related to Basin and Range extension. Interaction of dextral shear, Basin and Range extension, and the zone of crustal weakness expressed as the Mount Shasta-Medicine Lake volcanic highland controlled the location and initiation of Medicine Lake Volcano at about 500 ka.

Mark Leon Gwynn

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Volcanic ash in feed coal and its influence on coal combustion products  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US Geological Survey and the University of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy Research are collaborating with an Indiana Utility to determine the physical and chemical properties of feed coal and coal combustion products (CCPs) from a coal-fired power plant. The plant utilizes a low-sulfur (.23--.47 weight percent S) coal from the Powder River Basin, Wyoming. Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis of feed coal samples identified two mineral suites. A primary suite (not authigenic) consisting of quartz (detrital and volcanic beta-form grains), biotite, and minor zircon and a secondary authigenic mineral suite containing calcite, alumino-phosphates (crandallite and gorceixite), kaolinite, quartz, anatase, barite, and pyrite. The authigenic minerals are attributed to air-fall and reworked volcanic ash that was deposited in peat-forming mires. The Powder River Basin feed coals contain higher amounts of Ba, Ca, Mg, Na, Sr, and P compared to other analyzed eastern coals. These elements are associated with alumino-phosphate, biotite, calcite, and clay minerals. The element associations are indicative of coal that incorporated volcanic ash during deposition. XRD analysis of CCPs revealed a predominance of glass, perovskite, lime, gehlenite, quartz, and phosphates with minor amounts of periclase, anhydrite, hematite, and spinel group minerals in the fly ash; and quartz, plagioclase (albite and anorthite), pyroxene (augite and fassaite), rhodonite, and akermanite in the bottom ash. Microprobe and SEM analysis of fly ash samples revealed quartz, zircon, monazite, euhedral laths of corundum with merrillite, hematite, dendritic spinels/ferrites, and rounded grains of wollastonite with periclase. The abundant Ca and Mg mineral phases in the fly ashes are related to the presence of carbonate, clay, and phosphate minerals in the feed coal. The Ca- and Mg-rich mineral phases in the CCPs can be attributed to volcanic minerals deposited in the peat-forming mire. Dissolution and alteration of these minerals occurred either in the peat-forming sate or during coalification/diagenesis contributing to the authigenic mineral suite. Additionally, detrital mineral input and epigenetic ground-water flow may have affected the geochemistry of the feed coal.

Brownfield, M.E.; Affolter, R.H.; Cathcart, J.D.; Brownfield, I.K.; Hower, J.C.; Stricker, G.D.; O'Connor, J.T.

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Improving Type Ia Supernova Standard Candle Cosmology Measurements Using Observations of Early-Type Host Galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Host Galaxies of Type Ia Supernovae Introduction SN Ia Hosts109 C HAPTER 1 Cosmology, Type Ia Supernovae and HostGalaxies Observations of supernovae have played a role in

Meyers, Joshua Evan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Host/virus interactions in the marine cyanobacterium prochlorococcus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bacterial viruses shape the diversity, metabolic function, and community dynamics of their microbial hosts. As microbes drive many major biogeochemical cycles, viral infection is therefore a phenomenon of global significance. ...

Frois-Moniz, Katya

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Host-Associated Differentiation in an Insect Community  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Host-Associated Differentiation (HAD) is the formation of genetically divergent hostassociated lineages maintained by ecological isolation. HAD is potentially an important route to ecological speciation in parasites including many insects. While HAD...

Dickey, Aaron

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

172

DOE and Northwest Partners Host Three-Day Market Introduction...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

270 attendees gathered in Portland, OR to participate in the "Voices for SSL Efficiency" Solid-State Lighting Workshop on July 9-11, 2008. The workshop, hosted by DOE, Bonneville...

173

Host nation security force development : a new roadmap  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new model concerning the concepts of host nation security force development, or security sector reform (SSR), is proposed. This model is rooted in scholarly literature and seeks to fill current gaps in United States Army ...

Fitzgerald, Shawn (Shawn Michael)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Jefferson Lab hosts 19 schools for Virginia Regional High School...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

hosts 19 schools for Virginia Regional High School Science Bowl on Feb. 10 January 30, 2007 Some of the brightest young minds in the Commonwealth will meet at the Department of...

175

Jefferson Lab hosts 22 teams for Virginia High School Science...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of the Jefferson Lab Science Bowl logo. Jefferson Lab hosts 22 teams for Virginia High School Science Bowl on Feb. 12 February 1, 2005 Some of the brightest young minds in the...

176

DOE and Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnerships Host Two-Day...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Over 100 attendees gathered in Boston, MA to participate in the "Voices for SSL Efficiency" Solid-State Lighting Workshop on July 16-17, 2007. The workshop, hosted by DOE and...

177

DOE Hosts Solid-State Lighting Commercial Product Testing Program...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Department of Energy (DOE) hosted a workshop on October 27, 2006, to introduce the DOE SSL Commercial Product Testing Program. The workshop, held in Washington, D.C., drew over...

178

Energy and Interior Departments Host Offshore Energy Knowledge...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Related Articles DOE to Host a Booth at Offshore WINDPOWER Wind Program Newsletter: Second Quarter 2012 DOE-DOI Strategy Seeks to Harness U.S. Offshore Wind Energy Potential...

179

Oxygen buffering of Kilauea volcanic gases and the oxygen fugacity of Kilauea basalt  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Volcanic gases collected during episode 1 of the Puu Oo eruption along the east rift zone of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii, have uniform C-O-H-S-Cl-F compositions that are sharply depleted in CO[sub 2]. The CO[sub 2]-poor gases are typical of Type II volcanic gases (GERLACH and GRAEBER, 1985) and were emitted from evolved magma stored for a prolonged period of time in the east rift zone after releasing CO[sub 2]-rich gases during an earlier period of temporary residence in the summit magma chamber. The samples are remarkably free of contamination by atmospheric gases and meteoric water. Thermodynamic evaluation of the analytical data shows that the episode 1 gases have equilibrium compositions appropriate for temperatures between 935 and 1032[degrees]C. Open- and closed-system equilibrium models of species distributions for the episode 1 gases show unequivocally that coexisting lavas buffered the gas oxygen fugacities during cooling. These models indicate that the F[sub o[sub 2

Gerlach, T.M. (Geological Survey, Vancouver, WA (United States))

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

California GAMA Program: Groundwater Ambient Monitoring and Assessment Results for the Sacramento Valley and Volcanic Provinces of Northern California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In response to concerns expressed by the California Legislature and the citizenry of the State of California, the State Water Resources Control Board (SWRCB), implemented a program to assess groundwater quality, and provide a predictive capability for identifying areas that are vulnerable to contamination. The program was initiated in response to concern over public supply well closures due to contamination by chemicals such as methyl tert butyl ether (MTBE) from gasoline, and solvents from industrial operations. As a result of this increased awareness regarding groundwater quality, the Supplemental Report of the 1999 Budget Act mandated the SWRCB to develop a comprehensive ambient groundwater monitoring plan, and led to the initiation of the Groundwater Ambient Monitoring and Assessment (GAMA) Program. The primary objective of the California Aquifer Susceptibility (CAS) project (under the GAMA Program) is to assess water quality and to predict the relative susceptibility to contamination of groundwater resources throughout the state of California. Under the GAMA program, scientists from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) collaborate with the SWRCB, the U.S. Geological Survey, the California Department of Health Services (DHS), and the California Department of Water Resources (DWR) to implement this groundwater assessment program. In 2003, LLNL carried out this vulnerability study in the Sacramento Valley and Volcanic Provinces. The goal of the study is to provide a probabilistic assessment of the relative vulnerability of groundwater used for the public water supply to contamination from surface sources. This assessment of relative contamination vulnerability is made based on the results of two types of analyses that are not routinely carried out at public water supply wells: ultra low-level measurement of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and groundwater age dating (using the tritium-helium-3 method). In addition, stable oxygen isotope measurements help determine the recharge water source location. Interpreted together, and in the context of existing water quality and hydrogeologic data, these observable parameters help define the flow field of a groundwater basin, and indicate the degree of vertical communication between near-surface sources (or potential sources) of contamination, and deeper groundwater pumped at high capacity production wells.

Moran, J E; Hudson, G B; Eaton, G F; Leif, R

2005-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volcanic age host" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Molecular Comparison and DNA Fingerprinting of Sporisorium reilianum and Peronosclerospora sorghi Relating to Host Specificity and Host Resistance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on host and race specificity. MATERIALS AND METHODS Head smut isolates A total of 44 isolates of S. reilianum sorghum isolates, collected in 2004, 2006, 2009 and 2011 from different locations in Texas (Corpus Christi, Weslaco, and College Station...

Radwan, Ghada Lotfy Hassan Elhefny

2013-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

182

Aging and functional brain networks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Aging is associated with changes in human brain anatomy and function and cognitive decline. Recent studies suggest the aging decline of major functional connectivity hubs in the 'default-mode' network (DMN). Aging effects on other networks, however, are largely unknown. We hypothesized that aging would be associated with a decline of short- and long-range functional connectivity density (FCD) hubs in the DMN. To test this hypothesis, we evaluated resting-state data sets corresponding to 913 healthy subjects from a public magnetic resonance imaging database using functional connectivity density mapping (FCDM), a voxelwise and data-driven approach, together with parallel computing. Aging was associated with pronounced long-range FCD decreases in DMN and dorsal attention network (DAN) and with increases in somatosensory and subcortical networks. Aging effects in these networks were stronger for long-range than for short-range FCD and were also detected at the level of the main functional hubs. Females had higher short- and long-range FCD in DMN and lower FCD in the somatosensory network than males, but the gender by age interaction effects were not significant for any of the networks or hubs. These findings suggest that long-range connections may be more vulnerable to aging effects than short-range connections and that, in addition to the DMN, the DAN is also sensitive to aging effects, which could underlie the deterioration of attention processes that occurs with aging.

Tomasi D.; Tomasi, D.; Volkow, N.D.

2011-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

183

Classifying Three-way Seismic Volcanic Data by Dissimilarity Representation Diana Porro-Mu~noz , Isneri Talavera, Robert P.W. Duin, Mauricio Orozco-Alzate and John Makario Londo~no-Bonilla  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Classifying Three-way Seismic Volcanic Data by Dissimilarity Representation Diana Porro in a natural way. As an example, the classification of seismic volcanic events is used. It is shown features. Keywords-volcanic seismic data, three-way representation, dissimilarity representation

Duin, Robert P.W.

184

ATMOSPHERIC DISPERSAL AND DEPOSITION OF TEPHRA FROM A POTENTIAL VOLCANIC ERUPTION AT YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this model report is to provide documentation of the conceptual and mathematical model (Ashplume) for atmospheric dispersal and subsequent deposition of ash on the land surface from a potential volcanic eruption at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. This report also documents the ash (tephra) redistribution conceptual model. These aspects of volcanism-related dose calculation are described in the context of the entire igneous disruptive events conceptual model in ''Characterize Framework for Igneous Activity'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169989], Section 6.1.1). The Ashplume conceptual model accounts for incorporation and entrainment of waste fuel particles associated with a hypothetical volcanic eruption through the Yucca Mountain repository and downwind transport of contaminated tephra. The Ashplume mathematical model describes the conceptual model in mathematical terms to allow for prediction of radioactive waste/ash deposition on the ground surface given that the hypothetical eruptive event occurs. This model report also describes the conceptual model for tephra redistribution from a basaltic cinder cone. Sensitivity analyses and model validation activities for the ash dispersal and redistribution models are also presented. Analyses documented in this model report update the previous documentation of the Ashplume mathematical model and its application to the Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) for the License Application (TSPA-LA) igneous scenarios. This model report also documents the redistribution model product outputs based on analyses to support the conceptual model. In this report, ''Ashplume'' is used when referring to the atmospheric dispersal model and ''ASHPLUME'' is used when referencing the code of that model. Two analysis and model reports provide direct inputs to this model report, namely ''Characterize Eruptive Processes at Yucca Mountain, Nevada and Number of Waste Packages Hit by Igneous Intrusion''. This model report provides direct inputs to the TSPA, which uses the ASHPLUME software described and used in this model report. Thus, ASHPLUME software inputs are inputs to this model report for ASHPLUME runs in this model report. However, ASHPLUME software inputs are outputs of this model report for ASHPLUME runs by TSPA.

C. Harrington

2004-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

185

AGING FACILITY WORKER DOSE ASSESSMENT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this calculation is to estimate radiation doses received by personnel working in the Aging Facility performing operations to transfer aging casks to the aging pads for thermal and logistical management, stage empty aging casks, and retrieve aging casks from the aging pads for further processing in other site facilities. Doses received by workers due to aging cask surveillance and maintenance operations are also included. The specific scope of work contained in this calculation covers both collective doses and individual worker group doses on an annual basis, and includes the contributions due to external and internal radiation from normal operation. There are no Category 1 event sequences associated with the Aging Facility (BSC 2004 [DIRS 167268], Section 7.2.1). The results of this calculation will be used to support the design of the Aging Facility and to provide occupational dose estimates for the License Application. The calculations contained in this document were developed by Environmental and Nuclear Engineering of the Design and Engineering Organization and are intended solely for the use of the Design and Engineering Organization in its work regarding facility operation. Yucca Mountain Project personnel from the Environmental and Nuclear Engineering should be consulted before use of the calculations for purposes other than those stated herein or use by individuals other than authorized personnel in Environmental and Nuclear Engineering.

R.L. Thacker

2005-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

186

Volcanic activity can have a profound effect on the Earth's atmosphere and environment across many spatial and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Fink (Eds.) 117 Earth's Deep Interior: Mineral Physics and Tomography From the Atomic to the Global and the atmosphere will find this work an important resource. Volcanism and the Earth's Atmosphere Alan Robock IUGG Volumes Maurice Ewing Volumes Mineral Physics Volumes #12;105 New Perspectives on the Earth

Robock, Alan

187

Atmospheric chemistry of a 3334 hour old volcanic cloud from Hekla Volcano (Iceland): Insights from direct sampling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geological Engineering and Sciences, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, Michigan, USA. 2 Department and nitric acid promoted polar stratospheric cloud (PSC) formation at 201≠203 K, yielding ice, nitric acid) particles. We show that these volcanically induced PSCs, especially the ice and NAT particles, activated

Rose, William I.

188

Volcanic particle aggregation in explosive eruption columns. Part I: Parameterization of the microphysics of hydrometeors and ash  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI, USA d Department of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol imply that volcanic particles are active as condensation nuclei for water and ice formation. Ash can: Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, UK. 2 Present address: NOAA Geophysical Fluid Dynamics

Rose, William I.

189

NAME M/YEAR MASTERS THESES TITLES SCOPEL, ROBERT B Jun49 The Volcanic History of Jackson Hole, Wyoming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Park County, Wyoming GOSSER, CHARLES F. Jun60 Petrography and Metamorphism of the Star Lake Area of the Keewatin Province, Ontario RUBEL, DANIEL N Apr59 Tertiary volcanic rocks of the Cooke city - pilot peak, Montana BRUEHL, DONALD H. Jun61 The Petrography and Structure of an area North of Cooke City, Montana #12

Baskaran, Mark

190

Geothermal waters from the Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand: Li,1 B and Sr isotopes characterization2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Geothermal waters from the Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand: Li,1 B and Sr isotopes 13 In this study, we report chemical and isotope data for 23 geothermal water samples collected geothermal waters collected from deep boreholes16 in different geothermal fields (Ohaaki, Wairakei, Mokai

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

191

Blind teen-age students' expectations Focus: school-age  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Blind teen-age students' expectations Focus: school-age Topic: What are the changing demands disabled pupils, inclusion increased significantly, particularly in high schools. Blind learners, who used. For this lecture, I will present a few blind students' opinions, which will help building the items for the case

Paris-Sud XI, Universitť de

192

Supernovae without host galaxy? - Hypervelocity stars in foreign galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Harvesting the SAI supernova catalog, we search for SNe that apparently do not occur within a distinct host galaxy but lie a great distance apart from their assigned host galaxy. Assuming two possible explanations for this host-lessness of a fraction of reported SNe, namely (i) a host galaxy which is too faint to be detected within the limits of currently available surveys or (ii) a hypervelocity star (HVS) as progenitor of the SN,we want to distinguish between these two cases. To do so, we use deep imaging to test explanation (i). If within our detection limit of 27 mag/arcsec^2, the central surface brightness of the faintest known LSB galaxy so far, no galaxy could be identified, we discard this explanation and regard the SN, after several other checks, to have had a hypervelocity star progenitor. Analyzing a selected subsample of five host-less SNe we find one, SN 2006bx in UGC5434, to be put in the hypervelocity progenitor category with a high probability, exhibiting a projected velocity of > 800 km/s. SN...

Zinn, Peter-Christian; Bomans, Dominik J

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Millimetric Properties of Gamma Ray Burst Host Galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present millimetre (mm) and submillimetre (submm) photometry of a sample of host galaxies of Gamma Ray Bursts (GRBs), obtained using the MAMBO2 and SCUBA bolometer arrays respectively. These observations were obtained as part of an ongoing project to investigate the status of GRBs as indicators of star formation. Our targets include two of the most unusual GRB host galaxies, selected as likely candidate submm galaxies: the extremely red (R-K approx 5) host of GRB 030115, and the extremely faint (R>29.5) host of GRB 020124. Neither of these galaxies is detected, but the deep upper limits for GRB 030115 impose constraints on its spectral energy distribution. As a framework for interpreting these data, and for predicting the results of forthcoming submm surveys of Swift-derived host samples, we model the expected flux and redshift distributions based on luminosity functions of both submm galaxies and GRBs, assuming a direct proportionality between the GRB rate density and the global star formation rate density. We derive the effects of possible sources of uncertainty in these assumptions, including an anticorrelation between GRB rate and the global average metallicity.

R. S. Priddey; N. R. Tanvir; A. J. Levan; A. S. Fruchter; C. Kouveliotou; I. A. Smith; R. A. M. J. Wijers

2006-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

194

Design Evolution Study - Aging Options  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is to identify options and issues for aging commercial spent nuclear fuel received for disposal at the Yucca Mountain Mined Geologic Repository. Some early shipments of commercial spent nuclear fuel to the repository may be received with high-heat-output (younger) fuel assemblies that will need to be managed to meet thermal goals for emplacement. The capability to age as much as 40,000 metric tons of heavy metal of commercial spent nuclear he1 would provide more flexibility in the design to manage this younger fuel and to decouple waste receipt and waste emplacement. The following potential aging location options are evaluated: (1) Surface aging at four locations near the North Portal; (2) Subsurface aging in the permanent emplacement drifts; and (3) Subsurface aging in a new subsurface area. The following aging container options are evaluated: (1) Complete Waste Package; (2) Stainless Steel inner liner of the waste package; (3) Dual Purpose Canisters; (4) Multi-Purpose Canisters; and (5) New disposable canister for uncanistered commercial spent nuclear fuel. Each option is compared to a ''Base Case,'' which is the expected normal waste packaging process without aging. A Value Engineering approach is used to score each option against nine technical criteria and rank the options. Open issues with each of the options and suggested future actions are also presented. Costs for aging containers and aging locations are evaluated separately. Capital costs are developed for direct costs and distributable field costs. To the extent practical, unit costs are presented. Indirect costs, operating costs, and total system life cycle costs will be evaluated outside of this study. Three recommendations for aging commercial spent nuclear fuel--subsurface, surface, and combined surface and subsurface are presented for further review in the overall design re-evaluation effort. Options that were evaluated but not recommended are: subsurface aging in a new subsurface area (high cost); surface aging in the complete waste package (risk to the waste package and impact on the Waste Handling Facility); and aging in the stainless steel liner (impact on the waste package design and new high risk operations added to the waste packaging process). The selection of a design basis for aging will be made in conjunction with the other design re-evaluation studies.

P. McDaniel

2002-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

195

Long-term desorption behavior of uranium and neptunium in heterogeneous volcanic tuff materials /  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Uranium and neptunium desorption were studied in long-term laboratory experiments using four well-characterized volcanic tuff cores collected from southeast of Yucca Mountain, Nevada. The objectives of the experiments were to 1. Demonstrate a methodology aimed at characterizing distributions of sorption parameters (attributes of multiple sorption sites) that can be applied to moderately-sorbing species in heterogeneous systems to provide more realistic reactive transport parameters and a more realistic approach to modeling transport in heterogeneous systems. 2. Focus on uranium and neptunium because of their high solubility, relatively weak sorption, and high contributions to predicted dose in Yucca Mountain performance assessments. Also, uranium is a contaminant of concern at many DOE legacy sites and uranium mining sites.

Dean, Cynthia A.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Effects of internal mineral structures on the magnetic remanence of silicate-hosted titanomagnetite inclusions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effects of internal mineral structures on the magnetic remanence of silicate-hosted titanomagnetite epitaxially by exsolution from their host silicate. Close examination of clinopyroxene- hosted inclusions of silicate-hosted titanomagnetite inclusions: An electron holography study, J. Geophys. Res., 111, B12S15

Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E.

197

QSO HOST GALAXIES AT Z=2.3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Images are discussed of six QSOs at z=2.3, one QSO-like IRAS source at z=2.3, and one QSO at z=1.1, taken with resolution 0.6 to 0.9 arcsec. Five of the QSOs are radio-quiet. All QSOs except one are just resolved, while the IRAS source has definite structure. In some cases, part of the QSO fuzz appears to be a close companion rather than a concentric host galaxy. The luminosities implied for the hosts or companions are typical of bright galaxies with young hot star populations. Radio-quiet QSOs appear to have host galaxies less luminous by ~2 magnitudes than radio-loud QSOs.

J. B. Hutchings

1995-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

198

Host galaxies of z ~ 4.7 QSOs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2 micron broad- and narrow-band imaging with the Gemini-N telescope of five z~4.7 QSOs, has resolved both the host galaxies and [O II] emission-line gas. The resolved fluxes of the host galaxies fall within the extrapolated spread of the K-z relationship for radio galaxies at lower redshifts, and their resolved morphology is irregular. The [O II] images indicate knots coincident with many continuum features and also some bright jet-like features near the nucleus. The line emission total fluxes indicate overall equivalent widths of 5 to 10 A at rest wavelengths. Two of the QSOs are in a local environment of faint galaxies of similar magnitude to the hosts, and three have nearby galaxies with excess narrow-band flux, which would be [O II] if they are at the QSO redshift.

J. B. Hutchings

2002-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

199

Understanding host-acceptance behavior and larval feeding of the parasitic wasp Melittobia digitata (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) to facilitate rearing on an artificial host  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, M digitata was found to oviposit on artificial hosts, Parafilm(& domes containing artificial diet. It was determined that females preferred artificial hosts containing the agar-based diet to those containing only agar. Further testing ruled out...

Cooperband, Miriam Faith

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

[New hosts and vectors for genome cloning]. Progress report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main goal of our project remains the development of new bacterial hosts and vectors for the stable propagation of human DNA clones in E. coli. During the past six months of our current budget period, we have (1) continued to develop new hosts that permit the stable maintenance of unstable features of human DNA, and (2) developed a series of vectors for (a) cloning large DNA inserts, (b) assessing the frequency of human sequences that are lethal to the growth of E. coli, and (c) assessing the stability of human sequences cloned in M13 for large-scale sequencing projects.

Not Available

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volcanic age host" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

AGING SYSTEM DESIGN DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This plan provides an overview, work to date, and the path forward for the design development strategy of the Aging cask for aging commercial spent nuclear fuel (CSNF) at the Yucca Mountain Project (YMP) repository site. Waste for subsurface emplacement at the repository includes US Department of Energy (DOE) high-level radioactive waste (HLW), DOE SNF, commercial fuel in dual-purpose canisters (DPCs), uncanistered bare fuel, naval fuel, and other waste types. Table 1-1 lists the types of radioactive materials that may be aged at YMP, and those materials that will not be placed in an aging cask or module. This plan presents the strategy for design development of the Aging system. The Aging system will not handle naval fuel, DOE HLW, MCOs, or DOE SNF since those materials will be delivered to the repository in a state and sequence that allows them to be placed into waste packages for emplacement. Some CSNF from nuclear reactors, especially CSNF that is thermally too hot for emplacement underground, will need to be aged at the repository.

J. Beesley

2005-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

202

Host selection in Peristenus stygicus Loan (Hymenoptera: Braconidae): an approach to the evaluation of host range for parasitoids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) / (Member) / (Member) (Member) (Head of Department) December 1979 ABSTRACT H g 1 ' ' P t 1 yft' L LHy p *: B* 'd ); An Approach to the Evaluation of Host Range for Parasitoids. (December... of an unidentified species of the mirid, subfamily Orthotylinae, and Micro- ~hl 11 ~31 ' k*d b 1 1 g p tial larval development was observed in these hosts. Other members of h f llygf. 'd bib pdbyP. ~tf 1 f k t 1 d d '1 *di j I 1, H 1 t lid, d ~HL b ~L. Ph p b...

Porter, Barbara Jean

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

203

Community Police Academy Hosted By: University of Delaware Police  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Community Police Academy Hosted By: University of Delaware Police When: Wednesdays, 6:00 p.m. - 9:00 p.m. (March 4th through April 29th , 2015) Where: 413 Academy Street Newark DE 19716 - University should I expect to learn: The Community Police Academy (CPA) is an informative learning process

Firestone, Jeremy

204

he LSUHSC School of TPublic Health hosted a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

thought, the researchers now believe that trichomonas takes on theroleof a "farmer"bycultivatingbacterialcommunitiesthatarebeneficialtoithe LSUHSC School of TPublic Health hosted a s p e c i a l v i e w i n g o f t h e documentary advancement of understanding the mechanisms of disease. about problems, as well as potential solutions

205

Intracellular invasion of green algae in a salamander host  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intracellular invasion of green algae in a salamander host Ryan Kerneya,1 , Eunsoo Kimb , Roger P) and green algae ("Oophila amblystomatis" Lamber ex Printz) has been considered an ectosymbiotic mutu- alism tracts, consistent with oviductal transmission of algae from one salamander generation to the next

206

Scleral Reinforcement Through Host Tissue Integration with Biomimetic Enzymatically Degradable  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Wildsoet, O.D., Ph.D.1 Enzymatically degradable semi-interpenetrating polymer networks (edsIPNs) were Polymer Network James Su, M.Eng.,1 Samuel T. Wall, Ph.D.,2 Kevin E. Healy, Ph.D.,2,3 and Christine FScleral Reinforcement Through Host Tissue Integration with Biomimetic Enzymatically Degradable Semi-Interpenetrating

Healy, Kevin Edward

207

and Co-Host Riverside Electric Vehicle Day  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Co-Host Riverside Electric Vehicle Day Where: UC Riverside | CE-CERT, 1084 Columbia Ave, 92507 renewable sourc- es, efficiently use electric transporta- tion through advanced vehicles and im- prove our million electric vehi- cles on California's roads by 2023 and to ensure that low-income communities, which

Mills, Allen P.

208

The first Power and Energy Conference at Illinois was hosted  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ingenuity The first Power and Energy Conference at Illinois was hosted successfully February 12 STORY >> Students organize first Power and Energy Conference at Illinois By Susan Kantor ECE graduate by Tom Moone The keynote speaker at the first Power and Energy Conference at Illinois was Wanda Reder

Liu, Gang "Logan"

209

ISO Observations of Quasars and Quasar Hosts Belinda J. Wilkes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ISO Observations of Quasars and Quasar Hosts Belinda J. Wilkes Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, 60 Garden St., Cambridge, MA 02138, USA Abstract. The Infrared Space Observatory (ISO), launched spiral galaxies. In the near≠IR, the ISO data confirm an excess due to a warm `AGN≠related' dust

Wilkes, Belinda

210

Trusted End Host Monitors for Securing Cloud Datacenters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trusted End Host Monitors for Securing Cloud Datacenters Alan Shieh Srikanth Kandula Albert Greenberg #12;Cloud workload is dynamic and hostile Traditional datacenters Infrastructure supports small to audit app code Cloud datacenters Infrastructure is shared among many untrusted tenants ­ Rapidly

Keinan, Alon

211

Engineering Challenge Camp Hosted by the West Virginia University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4th and 5th Grade Engineering Challenge Camp Hosted by the West Virginia University Benjamin M. Statler College of Engineering and Mineral Resources and sponsored in part by Halliburton, AEP and Axiall Industries. July 28-August 1, 2014 Monday, July 28, 2014-- Up, Up and Away Day (Aerospace Engineering) Time

Mohaghegh, Shahab

212

Engineering Challenge Camp Hosted by the West Virginia University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1st , 2nd , and 3rd Grade Engineering Challenge Camp Hosted by the West Virginia University Benjamin M. Statler College of Engineering & Mineral Resources and sponsored in part by Halliburton, Axiall, July 28, 2014-- Up, Up and Away Day (Aerospace Engineering) Time Activity Place Led By 8:30-8:45 a

Mohaghegh, Shahab

213

Cell Senescence: Aging and Cancer  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Scientists have identified a molecular cause behind the ravages of old age and in doing so have also shown how a natural process for fighting cancer in younger persons can actually promote cancer in older individuals.

Campisi, Judith

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

214

Malcolm Guite Poets in Age  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Malcolm Guite Poets in Age or A Study of Reading Habits At first I used to wish that I were Keats passing bell is rung. But now I need the poets who grew old And wore the bottoms of their trousers rolled of pure gold. I need the poets now, who match my age, Like Coleridge I could become a sage, And I bet I

Robertson, Stephen

215

Center for volcanic and tectonic studies, Department of Geoscience, Univ. of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV. Annual report No. 69, October 1, 1991--September 30, 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The annual report of the Center for Volcanic and Tectonic Studies (CVTS) contains a series of papers, maps, and reprints that review the progress made by the CVTS between October 1, 1991 and December 31, 1992. During this period CVTS staff focused on several topics that had direct relevance to volcanic hazards related to the proposed high-level nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. These topics included: (1) The role of the mantle during regional extension. (2) The structural controls and emplacement mechanisms of Pliocene/Quaternary basaltic centers and dikes. (3) The detailed geochemistry of individual volcanic centers in Crater Flat, Nevada. (4) Estimating the probability of disruption of the proposed repository by volcanic eruption (this topic is being studied by Dr. C-H. Ho at UNLV).

Smith, E.I.

1992-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

216

Abstract The Holocene Parinacota Volcanic Debris Av-alanche (ca. 8,000 years B.P.) is located in the central An-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that material that travelled further broke up and had an initial greater kinetic energy. Keywords Debris Andes Volcanic Zone of northern Chile (Figs. 1 and 2). Parinacota Volcano is located on the Chile≠Bolivia

Huppert, Herbert

217

THE AGE OF PLASTIC INGENUITY + RESPONSIBILITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE AGE OF PLASTIC INGENUITY + RESPONSIBILITY An Interdisciplinary Symposium Stone Age, Bronze Age, Iron Age...and now the Age of Plastic. The Smithsonian Institution is leveraging its collections--arguably the world's greatest repository of plastic material culture--to investigate the significance of plastic, its

Mathis, Wayne N.

218

Effect of aged waste package and basalt on radioelement release  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Results of experiments are described that combine backfill, radioactive waste, and repository host rock in a single flowing groundwater stream in a manner analogous to a hydraulic breach of a waste repository. The experimental design is used to identify the chemical interactions that would occur if repository components were breached by flowing water. The results indicate that of three parameters studied, the alteration of the repository components as might occur upon aging had the most substantial influence on the migration of radioactive elements dissolved from the solid radioactive waste. The other two parameters, the metal alloy used in the apparatus and an ionizing radiation field imposed on the experimental apparatus, had little or no measurable effect on radioactive element transport by flowing water. Inasmuch as the alteration of the repository materials represent aging in an actual repository, it is concluded that changes with age may detrimentally affect the ability of a repository to isolate plutonium and neptunium, and possibly other radioactive elements in nuclear waste. 37 references, 2 figures, 2 tables.

Seitz, M.G.; Vandegrift, G.F.; Bowers, D.L.; Gerding, T.J.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Four-year prospective study of the respiratory effects of volcanic ash from Mt. St. Helens  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the 4-yr follow-up of 712 loggers exposed over an extended period to varying levels of fresh volcanic ash from the 1980 eruptions of Mt. St. Helens. Concerns related to the irritant effect the ash might have on the airways and also to its fibrogenic potential if exposures were intense and continued over many years. Our subjects were divided into 3 groups: high, low, and no exposure. Baseline testing was begun in June 1980, 1 month after the major eruption, and follow-up testing continued on an annual basis through 1984; 88% of the loggers have been tested at least 3 times. Analysis of lung function data showed that a significant, exposure-related decline in FEV1 occurred during the first year after the eruption. The decline was short-lived, however, and by 1984 the differences between exposure groups were no longer significant. Self-reported symptoms of cough, phlegm, and wheeze showed a similar pattern. No ash-related changes were seen in chest roentgenograms taken in 1980 and in 1984. Our findings are consistent with the hypothesis that the inhaled ash caused mucus hypersecretion and/or airway inflammation that reversed when the exposure levels decreased. The ash levels to which the loggers were exposed were low compared with permissible occupational levels for nuisance dusts, but generally higher than the total suspended particulate levels permissible in ambient air.

Buist, A.S.; Vollmer, W.M.; Johnson, L.R.; Bernstein, R.S.; McCamant, L.E.

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Metal binding proteins, recombinant host cells and methods  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present disclosure provides artificial heavy metal binding proteins termed chelons by the inventors. These chelons bind cadmium and/or mercuric ions with relatively high affinity. Also disclosed are coding sequences, recombinant DNA molecules and recombinant host cells comprising those recombinant DNA molecules for expression of the chelon proteins. In the recombinant host cells or transgenic plants, the chelons can be used to bind heavy metals taken up from contaminated soil, groundwater or irrigation water and to concentrate and sequester those ions. Recombinant enteric bacteria can be used within the gastrointestinal tracts of animals or humans exposed to toxic metal ions such as mercury and/or cadmium, where the chelon recombinantly expressed in chosen in accordance with the ion to be rededicated. Alternatively, the chelons can be immobilized to solid supports to bind and concentrate heavy metals from a contaminated aqueous medium including biological fluids.

Summers, Anne O.; Caguiat, Jonathan J.

2004-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volcanic age host" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Linking Short Gamma Ray Bursts and their Host Galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The luminosities of short gamma ray burst host galaxies are anticorrelated with both the isotropic equivalent gamma ray energy and the gamma ray luminosity of the explosions. Observational selection effects only strengthen the significance of this correlation. The correlation may indicate that there are two physically distinct groups of SGRBs. If so, it requires that the more luminous class of explosions be associated with the younger class of progenitors. Alternatively, it could be due to a continuous distribution of burst and host properties. As one possible explanation, we find that the effect of binary neutron star masses on inspiral time and energy reservoir produces a correlation of the appropriate sign, but does not automatically reproduce the correlation slope or the full range of SGRB energy scales. Any future model of SGRB progenitors needs to reproduce this correlation.

James E. Rhoads

2008-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

222

Supplement 17, Part 7, Parasite-Subject Catalogue: Hosts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ZOOLOGY SUPPLEMENT 17, PART 7 PARASITE-SUBJECT CATALOGUE HOSTS By DOROTHY B. SEGAL, Zoologist JUDITH M. HUMPHREY, Zoologist SHIRLEY J. EDWARDS, Technical Information Specialist MARGIE D. KIRBY, Technical Information Specialist NATIONAL ANIMAL..., containing indices to the author references, are being issued. The Author Catalogue continues the format of previous supplements. The users should note that for each reference in the Author Catalogue, the author(s) plus the date and letter (e.g., Smith, J...

Edwards, Shirley J.; Kirby, Margie D.; Segal, Dorothy B.; Humphrey, Judith M.

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Deactivation of Accelerated Engine-Aged and Field-Aged SCR Catalysts...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Deactivation of Accelerated Engine-Aged and Field-Aged SCR Catalysts and the Role of the DOC Deactivation of Accelerated Engine-Aged and Field-Aged SCR Catalysts and the Role of...

224

Recombinant host cells and media for ethanol production  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed are recombinant host cells suitable for degrading an oligosaccharide that have been optimized for growth and production of high yields of ethanol, and methods of making and using these cells. The invention further provides minimal media comprising urea-like compounds for economical production of ethanol by recombinant microorganisms. Recombinant host cells in accordance with the invention are modified by gene mutation to eliminate genes responsible for the production of unwanted products other than ethanol, thereby increasing the yield of ethanol produced from the oligosaccharides, relative to unmutated parent strains. The new and improved strains of recombinant bacteria are capable of superior ethanol productivity and yield when grown under conditions suitable for fermentation in minimal growth media containing inexpensive reagents. Systems optimized for ethanol production combine a selected optimized minimal medium with a recombinant host cell optimized for use in the selected medium. Preferred systems are suitable for efficient ethanol production by simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) using lignocellulose as an oligosaccharide source. The invention also provides novel isolated polynucleotide sequences, polypeptide sequences, vectors and antibodies.

Wood, Brent E; Ingram, Lonnie O; Yomano, Lorraine P; York, Sean W

2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

225

Transportation, Aging and Disposal Canister System Performance...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

specifications for selected system components of the Transportation, Aging and Disposal (TAD) canister-based system. Transportation, Aging and Disposal Canister System Performance...

226

Chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis has nonamphibian hosts and releases chemicals that cause  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for a pathogen, some can serve as res- ervoir hosts. Reservoir hosts can sustain the parasite when par- ticular abandoned after Rowley et al. (17) retracted their initial report of the de- tection of B. dendrobatidis

Johnson, Pieter

227

U.S. Department of Energy to Host Press Call on Radioactive Waste...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Department of Energy to Host Press Call on Radioactive Waste Shipment and Disposal U.S. Department of Energy to Host Press Call on Radioactive Waste Shipment and Disposal November...

228

TODAY: ARPA-E Director Arun Majumdar to Host Live Chat on Reducing...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

TODAY: ARPA-E Director Arun Majumdar to Host Live Chat on Reducing America's Oil Dependence Through Innovation TODAY: ARPA-E Director Arun Majumdar to Host Live Chat on Reducing...

229

U.S. Department of Energy to Host Regional Energy Efficiency...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Host Regional Energy Efficiency Conference in Istanbul, Turkey on June 3-4 U.S. Department of Energy to Host Regional Energy Efficiency Conference in Istanbul, Turkey on June 3-4...

230

Arkansas Natural Gas Company Hosts Tour With U.S. Deputy Secretary...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Arkansas Natural Gas Company Hosts Tour With U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Poneman Arkansas Natural Gas Company Hosts Tour With U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Poneman February...

231

ARPA-E Director Arun Majumdar to Host Conference Call to Announce...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Director Arun Majumdar to Host Conference Call to Announce New ARPA-E Projects ARPA-E Director Arun Majumdar to Host Conference Call to Announce New ARPA-E Projects September 28,...

232

April 16, 2012 GEOSHARE: Geospatial Open Source Hosting of Agriculture, Resource &  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

April 16, 2012 GEOSHARE: Geospatial Open Source Hosting of the key recommendations in its recently launched report. The geospatial data

Ginzel, Matthew

233

!anspace age esa SP-1150  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.2 Solar Wind 3.3 Role of Europe 3.4 Conclusions and Recommendations 4. High-Energy Physics 4.8 Role of Europe 5.9 Conclusions and Recommendations 6. Exploitation of the Moon 6.1 Power Generation!anspace age #12;esa SP-1150 June 1992 MISSIONto the MOON Europe's Priorities

Rathbun, Julie A.

234

Kentucky Cheese: Coming of Age  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

i The FoodIssue Kentucky Cheese: Coming of Age pg. 7 Kentucky is Apple-icious A Taste for Success and does not imply approval to the exclusion of other suitable products or firms. Kentucky Cheese: Coming, and approved by UK's Food Systems Innovation Center. Kentucky is Apple-icious Let those northern and western

Hayes, Jane E.

235

Comparison of Field Galaxy and Supernovae Host Galaxy Properties Rachael Merritt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the thermonuclear and core collapse hosts, this project confirms that field properties fall between supernova host properties. #12;2 Introduction: In 2011, Joel Williams compared properties of thermonuclear (type I) and core Smith and Matthew Taylor, Williams' sample consisted of 34 thermonuclear and 75 core collapse hosts

Cinabro, David

236

4/22/08 4:15 PMCientficos estudian origen de los volcanes costarricenses -ALDEA GLOBAL -nacion.com Page 1 of 2http://nacion.com/ln_ee/2008/abril/22/aldea1502437.html  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

volcanes y los sismos aquí PABLO FONSECA Q. | pfonseca@nacion.com Un grupo de científicos estadounidenses y

Holbrook, W. Steven

237

On the afterglow and host galaxy of GRB 021004: A comprehensivestudy with the Hubble Space Telescope1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on Hubble Space Telescope (HST) observations of the late-time afterglow and host galaxy of GRB 021004 (z = 2.33).Although this gamma-ray burst (GRB) is one of the best observed so far in terms of sampling in the time domain, multi-wavelength coverage and polarimetric observations, there is large disagreement between different measurements and interpretations of this burst in the literature. We have observed the field of GRB 021004 with the HST at multiple epochs from 3 days until almost 10 months after the burst. With STI S prism and G430L spectroscopy we cover the spectral region from about 2000 Angstrom to 5700 Angstrom corresponding to 600 1700 Angstrom in the rest frame. From the limit on the flux recovery bluewards of the Lyman-limit we constrain the H I column density to be above 1 x 1018 cm-2 (5 sigma). Based on ACS and N ICMOS imaging we find that the afterglow evolved a chromatically within the errors (any variation must be less then 5 percent) during the period of HST observations. The color changes observed by other authors during the first four days must be related to a 'noisy' phenomenon superimposed on an afterglow component with a constant spectral shape. This also means that the cooling break has remained on the blue side of the optical part of the spectrum for at least two weeks after the explosion. The optical to X-ray slope OX is consistent with being the same at 1.4 and 52.4 days after the burst. This indicates that the cooling frequency is constant and hence, according to fireball models, that the circumburst medium has a constant density profile. The late-time slope of the light curve (alpha 2, F nu proportional to t-alpha2) is in the range 2 = 1.8-1.9, although inconsistent with a single power-law. This could be due to a late-time flattening caused by the transition to non-relativistic expansion or due to excess emission (a 'bump' in the light curve) about 7 days afterburst. The host galaxy is like most previously studied GRB hosts a (very) blue starburst galaxy with no evidence for dust and with strong Ly emission. The star-formation rate of the host is about 10 M solar mass yr-1 based on both the strength of the UV continuum and on the Ly alpha luminosity. The spectral energy distribution of the host implies an age in the range 30-100 Myr for the dominant stellar population.

Fynbo, J.P.U.; Gorosabel, J.; Smette, A.; Fruchter, A.; Hjorth,J.; Pedersen, K.; Levan, A.; Burud, I.; Sahu, K.; Vreeswijk, P.M.; Bergeron, E.; Kouveliotou1, C.; Tanvir, N.; Thorsett11, S.E.; Wijers,R.A.M.J.; Castro Ceron, J.M.; Castro-Tirado, A.; Garnavich, P.; Holland,S.T.; Jakobsson, P.; Moller, P.; Nugent, P.; Pian, E.; Rhoads, J.; Thomsen, B.; Watson, D.; Woosley, S.

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

June 17, 2013 Symposium on Aging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to forestall and treat diseases of aging such as diabetes, cancer, Alzheimer's and heart disease. Today

Church, George M.

239

Compilation of network activity logs on a DECnet host  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Log files are created for all incoming connection requests on a DECnet host. These log files contain connection data such as the requesting source, destination, and throughput. The procedures (referred to as collect software) outlined in this report, were written to collect these log files, to extract the essential information, and to condense the data into one-line records. The two VAX/VMS systems at SNLA that currently run these procedures compile network transaction logs on a weekly basis. This document is intended for VAX/VMS system managers who wish to install, and possibly modify, this software.

George, M.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Guest-host crosslinked polyimides for integrated optics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the optical and electrical characterization of aromatic, fluorinated, fully imidized, organic soluble, thermally and photochemically, crosslinkable, guest-host polyimides for integrated optics. Refractive indices and optical losses were measured to evaluate the performance of these materials for passive applications. Materials were doped with two high temperature nonlinear optical chromophores, and poled during crosslinking to produce nonlinear optical materials. Measurements of electro-optic coefficient, macroscopic second order susceptibility, and conductivity were performed to assess these materials as potential candidates for active devices.

Kowalczyk, T.C.; Kosc, T.Z.; Singer, K.D. [Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH (United States). Dept. of Physics; Beuhler, A.J.; Wargowski, D.A. [Amoco Chemical Co., Naperville, IL (United States). Amoco Research Center; Cahill, P.A.; Seager, C.H.; Meinhardt, M.B. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volcanic age host" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

NERSC Hosts Application Readiness and Portability Meeting with OLCF and  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challengeMultiscale SubsurfaceExascalePhase-1 HPSSALCF Hosts Application

242

Paducah Site Hosts Governor's Scholars Visit | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F SSalesOE0000652 Srivastava,Pacific NorthwestFebruarySite Hosts

243

LANL hosts annual Hazmat Challenge | National Nuclear Security  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfraredJeffersonJonathanMultimaterial2 J.N.Administration hosts annual

244

Lab hosts multi-lab cyber security games  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickrinformationPostdocs space control NewsUWFive R&DLab hosts

245

Los Alamos National Laboratory to host Robot Rodeo  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickrinformationPostdocsCenterCenteraLANL sponsors 14thHazmatLANL to host

246

advancing paternal age: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

In most animals, advancing age is accompanied by the deteriorative process of aging (senescence). Aging is the main cause of severe illness and death in humans aging is...

247

advanced paternal age: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

In most animals, advancing age is accompanied by the deteriorative process of aging (senescence). Aging is the main cause of severe illness and death in humans aging is...

248

Chelation: A Fundamental Mechanism of Action of AGE Inhibitors...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mechanism of Action of AGE Inhibitors, AGE Breakers, and Other Inhibitors of Diabetes Complications. Chelation: A Fundamental Mechanism of Action of AGE Inhibitors, AGE...

249

Aging of Pentaerythritol Tetranitrate (PETN)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN) is a relatively sensitive explosive used in many electroexplosive devices as well as in medicine. Of primary interest to LLNL is its use in items such as exploding bridgewire (EBW) detonators and exploding bridge foil initiators (EFI). In these devices the crystalline powder is pressed into a granular, low-density compact that can be initiated by an exploding wire or foil. The long-term stability of this pressed compact is of interest to weapon stockpile lifetime prediction studies. Key points about potential aging mechanisms can be summarized as follows: (1) There are a number of factors that can contribute to PETN instability. These include particle size, polymorphic phase transitions, crystal structure, impurities, moisture, occlusions, chemical incompatibility and biological (microorganism) action. of these factors the most important for long-term aging of high surface area powders used in detonators appears to be that of particle size growth. (2) There is a great deal of literature on the thermal degradation kinetics of PETN, unfortunately much of it with little bearing on ambient temperature aging during long-term storage. PETN is very stable with respect to thermal decomposition. Low-temperature thermal studies have not revealed evidence of chemical degradation products in archived PETN. Data extrapolated to 30 C predicts a half-life of 12 million years. (3) Moisture seems to lower the activation energy for and accelerate the decomposition of PETN. (4) External drivers affecting stability include temperature, moisture, radiation fields, and stress, while internal drivers include residual solvents, and impurities. Temperature affects kinetic processes of crystal growth such as adsorption, desorption, and diffusion rates of molecules on the surface of PETN crystals. A low-level radiation field may induce unexpected changes in the chemical makeup of PETN and its homologue impurities. Stress at high pressure points caused by crystalline surface irregularities may cause a decrease in surface area over time due to smoothing of contact points and sintering. PETN has been found to contain a number of impurities, including homologues, pentaerythryl ethers with a mixture of hydroxyl and nitrate functional groups, and organic salts, that can alter its physical and chemical properties. (5) The processes of sublimation/recrystallization and surface diffusion are important processes that can cause changes in PETN crystal morphology, particle size distribution and specific surface area. Sublimation feeds a process called Ostwald ripening, which involves the spontaneous growth of larger crystals from those of smaller size. This process proceeds with age regardless of storage conditions unless the crystals are treated to retard growth. The coarsening mechanisms include Ostwald ripening, 'sintering', and surface diffusion. The latter has not been experimentally observed, but a molecular modeling approach has attempted to investigate this phenomenon theoretically. (6) Threshold test fire, particle size distribution, specific surface area, thermal analysis, chemical analysis, powder compact specific surface area and density are approaches that have been used in the attempt to assess changes attributable to aging of PETN, with varying results. The biggest problem lies in the aging mechanism itself, which likely influences small changes in morphology, both internal and external, and particle size distribution changes on a scale too small to reliably monitor. Other aspects, such as subtle changes in density profiles within pressed powder compacts, may be beyond the capability of current technology to assess. Crystal growth significant enough to affect the PETN particle size distribution is expected to impact detonator performance. (7) Factors relevant to stabilizing particle size growth include crystal morphology, powder surface area and particle size distribution; crystal density and internal defects; and powder compact density and density gradients.

Foltz, M F

2009-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

250

SNF AGING SYSTEM DESCRIPTION DOCUMENT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this system description document (SDD) is to establish requirements that drive the design of the spent nuclear fuel (SNF) aging system and associated bases, which will allow the design effort to proceed. This SDD will be revised at strategic points as the design matures. This SDD identifies the requirements and describes the system design, as it currently exists, with emphasis on attributes of the design provided to meet the requirements. This SDD is an engineering tool for design control; accordingly, the primary audience and users are design engineers. This SDD is part of an iterative design process. It leads the design process with regard to the flow down of upper tier requirements onto the system. Knowledge of these requirements is essential in performing the design process. The SDD follows the design with regard to the description of the system. The description provided in the SDD reflects the current results of the design process. Throughout this SDD, the term aging cask applies to vertical site-specific casks and to horizontal aging modules. The term overpack is a vertical site-specific cask that contains a dual-purpose canister (DPC) or a disposable canister. Functional and operational requirements applicable to this system were obtained from ''Project Functional and Operational Requirements'' (F&OR) (Curry 2004 [DIRS 170557]). Other requirements that support the design process were taken from documents such as ''Project Design Criteria Document'' (PDC) (BSC 2004 [DES 171599]), ''Site Fire Hazards Analyses'' (BSC 2005 [DIRS 172174]), and ''Nuclear Safety Design Bases for License Application'' (BSC 2005 [DIRS 171512]). The documents address requirements in the ''Project Requirements Document'' (PRD) (Canori and Leitner 2003 [DIRS 166275]). This SDD includes several appendices. Appendix A is a Glossary; Appendix B is a list of key system charts, diagrams, drawings, lists and additional supporting information; and Appendix C is a list of procedures that will be used to operate the system.

L.L. Swanson

2005-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

251

Dark Energy in the Dark Ages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LBNL- 61876 Dark Energy in the Dark Ages Eric V. LinderUniversity of California. Dark Energy in the Dark Ages Eric2008) Non-negligible dark energy density at high redshifts

Linder, Eric V.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Utah Commission on Aging June 6, 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Institutions Norma Matheson Chair Anne Peterson University of Utah Mayor JoAnn Seghini Midvale City Sara to the Commission for consideration. ∑ Aging SMART: Denise Brooks distributed Aging SMART Sourcebook. Website is up

Tipple, Brett

253

Lithophysal Rock Mass Mechanical Properties of the Repository Host Horizon  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this calculation is to develop estimates of key mechanical properties for the lithophysal rock masses of the Topopah Spring Tuff (Tpt) within the repository host horizon, including their uncertainties and spatial variability. The mechanical properties to be characterized include an elastic parameter, Young's modulus, and a strength parameter, uniaxial compressive strength. Since lithophysal porosity is used as a surrogate property to develop the distributions of the mechanical properties, an estimate of the distribution of lithophysal porosity is also developed. The resulting characterizations of rock parameters are important for supporting the subsurface design, developing the preclosure safety analysis, and assessing the postclosure performance of the repository (e.g., drift degradation and modeling of rockfall impacts on engineered barrier system components).

D. Rigby

2004-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

254

Three regimes of extrasolar planets inferred from host star metallicities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Approximately half of the extrasolar planets (exoplanets) with radii less than four Earth radii are in orbits with short periods. Despite their sheer abundance, the compositions of such planets are largely unknown. The available evidence suggests that they range in composition from small, high-density rocky planets to low-density planets consisting of rocky cores surrounded by thick hydrogen and helium gas envelopes. Understanding the transition from the gaseous planets to Earth-like rocky worlds is important to estimate the number of potentially habitable planets in our Galaxy and provide constraints on planet formation theories. Here we report the abundances of heavy elements (that is, the metallicities) of more than 400 stars hosting 600 exoplanet candidates, and find that the exoplanets can be categorized into three populations defined by statistically distinct (~ 4.5{\\sigma}) metallicity regions. We interpret these regions as reflecting the formation regimes of terrestrial-like planets (radii less than 1...

Buchhave, Lars A; Latham, David W; Sasselov, Dimitar; Cochran, William D; Endl, Michael; Isaacson, Howard; Juncher, Diana; Marcy, Geoffrey W

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Dry aging beef for the retail channel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Koohmaraie, & Goll, 1995). The Z-line is one myofibrillar structure clearly altered by proteases in the postmortem aging of beef (Goll, Otsuka, Nagainis, Shannon, Sathe, & Muguruma, 1983). However, Z-disk degradation does not occur to any significant... and humidity is said to be dry aged. Practically all beef is vacuumed packaged at the packer level. However, many believe 3 that wet aging does not produce the enhanced palatability characteristics associated with dry aged beef. This process can...

Smith, Robert David

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

256

aged rat erectile: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

98504-3144 An age-length key (ALK) is the tra- ditional method for estimating age-stage length samples for relatively costly age determination (age subsamplel. Age...

257

aged interleukin-18 deficient: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

98504-3144 An age-length key (ALK) is the tra- ditional method for estimating age-stage length samples for relatively costly age determination (age subsamplel. Age...

258

age stratigraphic relationships: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

98504-3144 An age-length key (ALK) is the tra- ditional method for estimating age-stage length samples for relatively costly age determination (age subsamplel. Age...

259

HOST GALAXIES, CLUSTERING, EDDINGTON RATIOS, AND EVOLUTION OF RADIO, X-RAY, AND INFRARED-SELECTED AGNs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We explore the connection between different classes of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) and the evolution of their host galaxies, by deriving host galaxy properties, clustering, and Eddington ratios of AGNs selected in the radio, X-ray, and infrared (IR) wavebands. We study a sample of 585 AGNs at 0.25 < z < 0.8 using redshifts from the AGN and Galaxy Evolution Survey (AGES). We select AGNs with observations in the radio at 1.4 GHz from the Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope, X-rays from the Chandra XBooetes Survey, and mid-IR from the Spitzer IRAC Shallow Survey. The radio, X-ray, and IR AGN samples show only modest overlap, indicating that to the flux limits of the survey, they represent largely distinct classes of AGNs. We derive host galaxy colors and luminosities, as well as Eddington ratios, for obscured or optically faint AGNs. We also measure the two-point cross-correlation between AGNs and galaxies on scales of 0.3-10 h {sup -1} Mpc, and derive typical dark matter halo masses. We find that: (1) radio AGNs are mainly found in luminous red sequence galaxies, are strongly clustered (with M {sub halo} {approx} 3 x 10{sup 13} h {sup -1} M {sub sun}), and have very low Eddington ratios {lambda} {approx}< 10{sup -3}; (2) X-ray-selected AGNs are preferentially found in galaxies that lie in the 'green valley' of color-magnitude space and are clustered similar to the typical AGES galaxies (M {sub halo} {approx} 10{sup 13} h {sup -1} M {sub sun}), with 10{sup -3} {approx}< {lambda} {approx}< 1; (3) IR AGNs reside in slightly bluer, slightly less luminous galaxies than X-ray AGNs, are weakly clustered (M {sub halo} {approx}< 10{sup 12} h {sup -1} M {sub sun}), and have {lambda}>10{sup -2}. We interpret these results in terms of a simple model of AGN and galaxy evolution, whereby a 'quasar' phase and the growth of the stellar bulge occurs when a galaxy's dark matter halo reaches a critical mass between {approx}10{sup 12} and 10{sup 13} M {sub sun}. After this event, star formation ceases and AGN accretion shifts from radiatively efficient (optical- and IR-bright) to radiatively inefficient (optically faint, radio-bright) modes.

Hickox, Ryan C.; Jones, Christine; Forman, William R.; Murray, Stephen S.; Brodwin, Mark; Narayan, Ramesh; Kenter, Almus; Caldwell, Nelson; Anderson, Michael E. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Kochanek, Christopher S. [Department of Astronomy and Center for Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Ohio State University, 140 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210-1173 (United States); Eisenstein, Daniel [Steward Observatory, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Jannuzi, Buell T.; Dey, Arjun [National Optical Astronomy Observatory, Tucson, AZ 85726-6732 (United States); Brown, Michael J. I. [School of Physics, Monash University, Clayton 3800, Victoria (Australia); Stern, Daniel; Eisenhardt, Peter R.; Gorjian, Varoujan [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States); Cool, Richard J. [Princeton University Observatory, Peyton Hall, Princeton, NJ 08544-1001 (United States)], E-mail: rhickox@cfa.harvard.edu

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Age And Nature Of Deposits On The Submarine Flanks Of Piton De...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

voluminous formations in the submarine domain around Reunion Island. 21 sites sampled offshore of Piton de la Fournaise were studied. All the dredged rocks have a volcanic origin...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volcanic age host" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Host Plant Influences on Performance and Haplotype Diversity of Dalbulus maidis, a Specialist Herbivore of Zea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

host plants, followed by planned, a priori contrasts (with Sidak?s correction; Abdi and Williams 2010) to evaluate whether corn leafhopper overall performance was affected by transitions in Zea: (i) life history, i.e. perennial teosinte vs. Balsas... preference for any of the host plants if denied a choice of host plant (Bellota-Villafuerte 2012). When warranted by the ANOVA (P Abdi and Williams 2010) to evaluate whether individual...

Davila-Flores, Amanda

2012-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

262

Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Public Charging Station Hosts (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This handbook answers basic questions about plug-in electric vehicles, charging stations, charging equipment, and considerations for station owners, property owners, and station hosts.

Not Available

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

E-Print Network 3.0 - amphibian host greatly Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Short Communication Preserving pathogens for wildlife conservation Summary: pathogen Batrachochy- trium dendrobatidis outside the amphibian host...

264

E-Print Network 3.0 - application hosting environment Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

host color interaction. a This model also includes the applicable interaction terms listed in table 3... Environments" 2 Table A3 Family effect varies with environment...

265

E-Print Network 3.0 - apparently immunocompetent host Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sample search results for: apparently immunocompetent host Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Ecology 2006 20, 457463 Summary: 55), suggesting that the apparent overall seasonal...

266

MEDIA ADVISORY: REAC/TS hosts 5th International Symposium on...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

REACTS hosts 5th International Symposium on the Medical Basis for Radiation Accident Preparedness FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE June 27, 2011 FY11-35 Who: Radiation Emergency...

267

Collection and Analysis of Geothermal and Volcanic Water and Gas Discharges  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:EnergyWisconsin: Energy, -105.3774934¬įCodaColden, New York:Ages of Megabreccia|

268

Energetics of gas-driven limnic and volcanic eruptions Department of Geological Sciences, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1063, USA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energetics of gas-driven limnic and volcanic eruptions Y. Zhang* Department of Geological Sciences for the rigorous treatment of the energetics of gas exsolution from a gas-containing liquid, which powers gas) are discussed, and the maximum amount of kinetic energy derivable from a reversible gas exsolution process

Zhang, Youxue

269

Volcanology and volcanic activity with a primary focus on potential hazard impacts for the Hawaii geothermal project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This annotated bibliography reviews published references about potential volcanic hazards on the Island of Hawaii that are pertinent to drilling and operating geothermal wells. The first two sections of this annotated bibliography list the most important publications that describe eruptions of Kilauea volcano, with special emphasis on activity in and near the designated geothermal subzones. References about historic eruptions from Mauna Loa`s northeast rift zone, as well as the most recent activity on the southern flank of dormant Mauna Kea, adjacent to the Humu`ula Saddle are described. The last section of this annotated bibliography lists the most important publications that describe and analyze deformations of the surface of Kilauea and Mauna Loa volcanoes.

Moore, R.B. [Federal Center, Denver, CO (United States); Delaney, P.T. [2255 North Gemini Drive, Flagstaff, AZ (United States); Kauahikaua, J.P. [Geological Survey, Hawaii National Park, HI (United States). Hawaiian Volcano Observatory

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Lithium abundances in exoplanet-host stars : modelling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aims. Exoplanet-host stars (EHS) are known to present superficial chemical abundances different from those of stars without any detected planet (NEHS). EHS are, on the average, overmetallic compared to the Sun. The observations also show that, for cool stars, lithium is more depleted in EHS than in NEHS. The aim of this paper is to obtain constraints on possible models able to explain this difference, in the framework of overmetallic models compared to models with solar abundances. Methods. We have computed main sequence stellar models with various masses and metallicities. The results show different behaviour for the lithium destruction according to those parameters. We compare these results to the spectroscopic observations of lithium. Results. Our models show that the observed lithium differences between EHS and NEHS are not directly due to the overmetallicity of the EHS: some extra mixing is needed below the convective zones. We discuss possible explanations for the needed extra mixing, in particular an increase of the mixing efficiency associated with the development of shear instabilities below the convective zone, triggered by angular momentum transfer due to the planetary migration.

M. Castro; S. Vauclair; O. Richard; N. C. Santos

2008-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

271

Kuiper belt structure around nearby super-Earth host stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present new observations of the Kuiper belt analogues around HD 38858 and HD 20794, hosts of super-Earth mass planets within 1 au. As two of the four nearby G-type stars (with HD 69830 and 61 Vir) that form the basis of a possible correlation between low-mass planets and debris disc brightness, these systems are of particular interest. The disc around HD 38858 is well resolved with Herschel and we constrain the disc geometry and radial structure. We also present a probable JCMT sub-mm continuum detection of the disc and a CO J=2-1 upper limit. The disc around HD 20794 is much fainter and appears marginally resolved with Herschel, and is constrained to be less extended than the discs around 61 Vir and HD 38858. We also set limits on the radial location of hot dust recently detected around HD 20794 with near-IR interferometry. We present HARPS upper limits on unseen planets in these four systems, ruling out additional super-Earths within a few au, and Saturn-mass planets within 10 au. We consider the disc st...

Kennedy, Grant M; Marmier, Maxime; Greaves, Jane S; Wyatt, Mark C; Bryden, Geoffrey; Holland, Wayne; Lovis, Christophe; Matthews, Brenda C; Pepe, Francesco; Sibthorpe, Bruce; Udry, Stťphane

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

MAGNETIC ACTIVITY CYCLES IN THE EXOPLANET HOST STAR {epsilon} ERIDANI  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The active K2 dwarf {epsilon} Eri has been extensively characterized both as a young solar analog and more recently as an exoplanet host star. As one of the nearest and brightest stars in the sky, it provides an unparalleled opportunity to constrain stellar dynamo theory beyond the Sun. We confirm and document the 3-year magnetic activity cycle in {epsilon} Eri originally reported by Hatzes and coworkers, and we examine the archival data from previous observations spanning 45 years. The data show coexisting 3-year and 13-year periods leading into a broad activity minimum that resembles a Maunder minimum-like state, followed by the resurgence of a coherent 3-year cycle. The nearly continuous activity record suggests the simultaneous operation of two stellar dynamos with cycle periods of 2.95 {+-} 0.03 years and 12.7 {+-} 0.3 years, which, by analogy with the solar case, suggests a revised identification of the dynamo mechanisms that are responsible for the so-called 'active' and 'inactive' sequences as proposed by Boehm-Vitense. Finally, based on the observed properties of {epsilon} Eri, we argue that the rotational history of the Sun is what makes it an outlier in the context of magnetic cycles observed in other stars (as also suggested by its Li depletion), and that a Jovian-mass companion cannot be the universal explanation for the solar peculiarities.

Metcalfe, T. S.; Mathur, S. [Space Science Institute, 4750 Walnut Street, Suite 205, Boulder, CO 80301 (United States); Buccino, A. P.; Mauas, P. J. D.; Petrucci, R. [Instituto de Astronomia y Fisica del Espacio (CONICET), C.C. 67 Sucursal 28, C1428EHA-Buenos Aires (Argentina); Brown, B. P. [Department of Astronomy and Center for Magnetic Self-Organization, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706-1582 (United States); Soderblom, D. R. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Dr., Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Henry, T. J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30302 (United States); Hall, J. C. [Lowell Observatory, 1400 West Mars Hill Road, Flagstaff, AZ 86001 (United States); Basu, S. [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, P.O. Box 208101, New Haven, CT 06520 (United States)

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Covariance of phenotypically plastic traits induces an adaptive shift in host selection behaviour  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Covariance of phenotypically plastic traits induces an adaptive shift in host selection behaviour efficiency. In the present study, we investigated covariance of two plastic traits--size at pupation and host; evolution 1. INTRODUCTION Phenotypic plasticity is defined as the ability of an organism to change its

Dukas, Reuven

274

Isotope systematics of ore-bearing granites and host rocks of the Orlovka-Spokoinoe mining  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Isotope systematics of ore-bearing granites and host rocks of the Orlovka-Spokoinoe mining district and Spokoinoe granite massifs and their host rocks in the Orlovka- Spokoinoe mining district, Eastern Transbaikalia, Russia. Pb isotope analyses indicate one common Pb source for all three granite massifs

Siebel, Wolfgang

275

Microbial utilization of abiogenic carbon and hydrogen in a serpentinite-hosted system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microbial utilization of abiogenic carbon and hydrogen in a serpentinite-hosted system Susan Q-hosted hydrothermal activity is exemplified by the Lost City Hydrothermal Field (30¬įN, Mid-Atlantic Ridge) where fluid demonstrate that in active carbonate chimneys where microbial sulfate reduction is important, up to 50

Gilli, Adrian

276

Record of archaeal activity at the serpentinite-hosted Lost City Hydrothermal Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Record of archaeal activity at the serpentinite-hosted Lost City Hydrothermal Field S. M EHAY,1 of young, outer surfaces of brucite­carbonate deposits from the ultramafic-hosted Lost City hydro- thermal field were analyzed for DNA and lipid biomarker distributions and for carbon and hydrogen stable isotope

Gilli, Adrian

277

Dynamical Study of Guest-Host Orientational Interaction in LiquidCrystalline Materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Guest-host interaction has long been a subject of interest in many disciplines. Emphasis is often on how a small amount of guest substance could significantly affect the properties of a host material. This thesis describe our work in studying a guest-host effect where dye-doping of liquid crystalline materials greatly enhances the optical Kerr nonlinearity of the material. The dye molecules, upon excitation and via intermolecular interaction, provides an extra torque to reorient the host molecules, leading to the enhanced optical Kerr nonlinearity. We carried out a comprehensive study on the dynamics of the photoexcited dye-doped liquid crystalline medium. Using various experimental techniques, we separately characterized the dynamical responses of the relevant molecular species present in the medium following photo-excitation, and thus were able to follow the transient process in which photo-excitation of the dye molecules exert through guest-host interaction a net torque on the host LC material, leading to the observed enhanced molecular reorientation. We also observed for the first time the enhanced reorientation in a pure liquid crystal system, where the guest population is created through photoexcitation of the host molecules themselves. Experimental results agree quantitatively with the time-dependent theory based on a mean-field model of the guest-host interaction.

Truong, Thai Viet

2005-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

278

HoBIDS: A Data Mining Approach to Host Based Intrusion Detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HoBIDS: A Data Mining Approach to Host Based Intrusion Detection Department of Computer Science of a host based IDS built on a data mining framework. This framework allows the system to detect both known and lightweight sensor system with the capabilities of sophisticated data-mining techniques to build a powerful

Hershkop, Shlomo

279

Mineral paragenesis and textures associated with sandstone-hosted roll-front uranium deposits, NW China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, People's Republic of China c Northwest Institute of Uranium Geology, China National Nuclear CorporationMineral paragenesis and textures associated with sandstone-hosted roll-front uranium deposits, NW, Wuyiyi and Shihongtan sandstone-hosted roll-front uranium deposits, northwest China. The mineralization

Fayek, Mostafa

280

Taint-Exchange: a Generic System for Cross-process and Cross-host Taint Tracking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Taint-Exchange: a Generic System for Cross-process and Cross-host Taint Tracking Angeliki Zavou also utilized to track data across processes and hosts to shed light on the interaction of distributed components, but also for security purposes. This paper presents Taint-Exchange, a generic cross- process

Yang, Junfeng

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volcanic age host" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Effect of pretreating of host oil on coprocessing. Quarterly progress report, January 1--March 31, 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The principal objective of this research is to gain information on the role that host petroleum-derived oils (1000{degrees} F+), as well as that of catalytically treated host oils, play when used as liquefaction solvents in coprocessing with coal. The host oil will be extensively characterized and then pretreated in a number of ways which involve catalytic reactions such as hydrogenation, hydrocracking, and isomerization. The pretreated oils will then be characterized by elemental analysis, catalytic dehydrogenation, distillation, GC-MS, and NMR. The effect of the host oil on coprocessing with coal will be compared to that obtained using catalytically modified host oils. When appropriate, model compounds will be used to study specific reactions brought about by the pretreatments.

Wender, I.; Tierney, J.W.

1994-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

282

aged korean adults: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AGING & SOCIETY Engineering Websites Summary: DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, AGING & SOCIETY Monthly Speaker Series Dr. Ellen B. Ryan DATE TIME ROOM Department of Health, Aging, &...

283

Materials Research in the Information Age  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Materials Research in the Information Age Accelerating Advanced Material Development NERSC Science Gateway a 'Google of Material Properties' October 31, 2011 | Tags: Materials...

284

Evaluation of Potato Psyllid, Bactericera Cockerelli (Sulc) (Hemiptera: Triozidae), Host Preferences, Adaptation, Behavior, and Transmission of 'Candidatus Liberibacter Solanacearum' among Wild and Cultivated Solanaceous Hosts in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Host plant preferences of the potato psyllid B. cockerelli among wild and cultivated solanaceous hosts in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas, and transmission of the endosymbiotic bacterial pathogen, ĎCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearumí (Lso...

Thinakaran, Jenita

2014-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

285

UNDEREMPLOYMENT AMONG MATURE AGE WORKERS IN AUSTRALIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 UNDEREMPLOYMENT AMONG MATURE AGE WORKERS IN AUSTRALIA * Jinjing Li1 , Alan Duncan2 and Riyana Miranti1 1 NATSEM, University of Canberra, Australia 2 Bankwest Curtin Economics Centre, Curtin University of underemployment for mature aged workers in Australia, and seeks in particular to determine the principal factors

286

6, 39453963, 2006 Methanol inside aged  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The oxidation of methane (and other hydrocarbons) can also produce methanol primarily via the self reactionACPD 6, 3945­3963, 2006 Methanol inside aged tropical biomass burning plumes G. Dufour et al. Title Chemistry and Physics Discussions First space-borne measurements of methanol inside aged tropical biomass

287

New age constraints on the Middle Stone Age occupations of Kharga Oasis, Western Desert, Egypt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New age constraints on the Middle Stone Age occupations of Kharga Oasis, Western Desert, Egypt rocks, or tufas, exposed along the flanks of the Libyan Plateau near Kharga Oasis, Western Desert, Egypt

Asmerom, Yemane

288

Deactivation of Accelerated Engine-Aged and Field-Aged SCR Catalysts...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of Accelerated Engine-Aged and Field-Aged SCR Catalysts and the Role of the DOC Adam Foster and Ke Nguyen University of Tennessee - Knoxville Bruce G. Bunting and Todd J. Toops Oak...

289

sup 40 Ar/ sup 39 Ar age calibration of the litho- and paleomagnetic stratigraphies of the Ngorora Formation, Kenya  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Precise eruptive ages have been determined by the laser-fusion, single-crystal {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar method for juvenile volcanic feldspars from reworked and contaminated volcaniclastic rocks of the middle Miocene Ngorora Formation, Kenya Rift Valley. These ages range from 13.06 Ma at the base to 10.51 Ma toward the top of the type section near Kabarsero. Correlation of the local paleomagnetic stratigraphies with the geomagnetic reversal time scale yields magnetochronologic age estimates that are younger than the isotopic ages by an average of 0.18 Ma. Much of the discrepancy can be eliminated if an inferred change in sea-floor spreading rate occurred at 13 Ma or earlier, rather than at 10.42 Ma as previously suggested. Sedimentation rates at Kabarsero calculated from the {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar results decrease from initial values of {approximately}25 cm/1,000 yr to {approximately}5 cm/1,000 yr toward the top of the section. The initial rapid sedimentation rates characterize the first 0.1 to 0.3 m.y. following emplacement of the underlying, voluminous, basin-filling Tiim Phonolites, indicating that the Baringo Basin at this time may not have existed as a rift valley created by extensional tectonics, but instead may have been a subsidence feature formed in response to removal of large volumes of magma from the lithosphere. A premolar tentatively identified as Proconsul sp. indet. found in the Ngorora Formation near the village of Bartabwa has been dated at {approximately}12.42 Ma, representing perhaps the last known occurrence of this genus in the fossil record.

Deino, A.; Drake, R. (Institute of Human Origins, Berkeley, CA (USA)); Tauxe, L. (Scripps Institute of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA (USA)); Monaghan, M. (Univ. of Chicago, IL (USA))

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Sulfur Emissions from Volcanic A c t i v i t y i n 1985 and 1990 Carmen M. Benkovitz and M. A l t a f Mubaraki  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

APPENDIX C Sulfur Emissions from Volcanic A c t i v i t y i n 1985 and 1990 Carmen M. Benkovitz). Global estimates o f anthropogenic emissions o f sulfur f o r 1985 are approximately 65 Tg S y-l (Benkovi Anthropogenic Sulfur Emissions f o r 1985 and 1990 i n t h i s report). Sulfur from biogenic sources i s emitted

291

The radial velocity signature of tides raised in stars hosting exoplanets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Close-in, massive exoplanets raise significant tides in their stellar hosts. We compute the radial velocity (RV) signal due to this fluid motion in the equilibrium tide approximation. The predicted RVs in the observed ...

Arras, Phil

292

Efficient light emitting devices utilizing CdSe(ZnS) quantum dots in organic host matrices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate efficient electroluminescence from thin film structures containing core-shell CdSe(ZnS) quantum dots dispersed in molecular organic host materials. In the most efficient devices, excitons are created on the ...

Coe-Sullivan, Seth (Seth Alexander)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

E-Print Network 3.0 - antibacterial host defense Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

0708.00 0 doi:10.1128AEM.02238-06 Summary: in establishing inter- actions with their algal and dinoflagellate hosts. The produc- tion of an antibacterial... . Production of...

294

Genome analysis of Bifidobacterium bifidum PRL2010 reveals metabolic pathways for host-derived  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Genome analysis of Bifidobacterium bifidum PRL2010 reveals metabolic pathways for host,214,650-bp genome of Bifidobacterium bifidum PRL2010, a strain isolated from infant stool, revealed

Gleeson, Joseph G.

295

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered host cell Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Sample search results for: altered host cell Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 PLoS Biology | www.plosbiology.org 0001 In humanpathogen encounters,the battle for advantage...

296

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered host resistance Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sample search results for: altered host resistance Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 PLoS Biology | www.plosbiology.org 0001 In humanpathogen encounters,the battle for advantage...

297

Characterization of host lymphoid cells in antibody-facilitated bone marrow chimeras  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors have produced stable murine antibody-facilitated (AF) chimeras by the simultaneous injection of P1 bone marrow cells and anti-P2 monoclonal antibody into normal (unirradiated) adult (P1 X P2)F1 recipients. These AF chimeras are healthy, long-lived, and exhibit no overt signs of graft-versus-host disease. They are immunocompetent and tolerant of host, P2-encoded alloantigens. Donor cell engraftment and takeover, monitored by glucosephosphate isomerase isozyme patterns, is usually complete (greater than 95%) in the peripheral blood, bone marrow, and hemopoietic stem cell compartments of long-term (greater than 3 months posttransplantation) AF chimeras. The authors report here, however, that splenic, lymph node, and thymic leukocytes of AF chimeras represent donor/host chimeric populations. Spleen cell populations of AF chimeras exhibit substantial chimera-to-chimera variation in the preponderant residual host cell type(s) present. Interpretations of the implications of these findings are discussed.

McCarthy, S.A.; Griffith, I.J.; Gambel, P.; Francescutti, L.H.; Wegmann, T.G.

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Platforms for exploring host-pathogen interactions in hepatitis C virus infection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Afflicting almost 200 million worldwide, hepatitis C virus (HCV) mounts a chronic infection of liver hepatocytes that causes substantial morbidity and mortality. An understanding of host-virus interactions will drive the ...

Trehan, Kartik

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

U.S. Department of Energy to Host Press Call on Transition of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

586 4940 U.S. Department of Energy to Host Press Call on Transition of Legacy Cleanup Work at Los Alamos National Laboratory WASHINGTON- On Wednesday, December 3, 2014, the Office...

300

T-637: VMSA-2011-0009 VMware hosted product updates, ESX patches...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

to determine if a path exists in the Host filesystem and whether it is a file or directory regardless of permissions. CVE-2011-1787 Mount.vmhgfs Race Condition, privilege...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volcanic age host" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Emplacing Displacement: Cultural Landscapes of Refugee-hosting in Ukwimi, Zambia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In response to calls for increased understanding of and solutions to the issue of protracted refugee situations, this dissertation examines the social and spatial implications of a long history of refugee-hosting in Eastern ...

Gray, Angela M.

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

302

Host identity impacts rhizosphere fungal communities associated with three alpine plant species  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fungal diversity and composition are still relatively unknown in many ecosystems; however, host identity and environmental conditions are hypothesized to influence fungal community assembly. To test these hypotheses we ...

Becklin, Katie M.; Hertweck, Kate L.; Jumpponen, Ari

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternate solanaceous hosts Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

running... temperatures are cool, the emerging beetles seek suit- able host plants (potato in the early spring in Virginia... in tight clusters of 30 to 60, usually on the...

304

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternative host matrix Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

doi:10.1111j.1558-5646.2010.01051.x Summary: seasonal changeover of resources, and micro-parasites that alternate between host species. Because... may be eco- logical, such...

305

Cyanobacterium sp. host cell and vector for production of chemical compounds in cyanobacterial cultures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A cyanobacterial host cell, Cyanobacterium sp., that harbors at least one recombinant gene for the production of a chemical compounds is provided, as well as vectors derived from an endogenous plasmid isolated from the cell.

Piven, Irina; Friedrich, Alexandra; Duhring, Ulf; Uliczka, Frank; Baier, Kerstin; Inaba, Masami; Shi, Tuo; Wang, Kui; Enke, Heike; Kramer, Dan

2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

306

New Phytol. (1998), 139, 331339 Multiple-host fungi are the most frequent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New Phytol. (1998), 139, 331­339 Multiple-host fungi are the most frequent and abundant, citing physiological adap- tations to marginal habitats or plant chemicals as selection pressures toward

Horton, Tom

307

Influenza type C virus biology, interaction with the host, and epidemiology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

glycoprotein, HEF, which is responsible for attachment to the sialic acid host cell receptor, receptor destruction, and viral-cell fusion (similar to the HN glycoprotein of Paramyxoviruses). RNA segment 5 codes for the nucleoprotein (NP) which is the backbone...

Reeves, William Wyatt

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

308

Energy Department to Host SunShot Initiative Summit and Technology...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

SunShot Initiative Summit and Technology Forum in Denver, Colorado Energy Department to Host SunShot Initiative Summit and Technology Forum in Denver, Colorado June 6, 2012 -...

309

Review article Initial adherence of EPEC, EHEC and VTEC to host cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Only a few adhesins (BfpA, AF/R1, AF/R2, Ral, F18 adhesins) appear to be host and pathotype specific........................................................................................................................ 5 3.1. F18 adhesin

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

310

Computational Age Dating of Special Nuclear Materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This slide-show presented an overview of the Constrained Progressive Reversal (CPR) method for computing decays, age dating, and spoof detecting. The CPR method is: Capable of temporal profiling a SNM sample; Precise (compared with known decay code, such a ORIGEN); Easy (for computer implementation and analysis). ? We have illustrated with real SNM data using CPR for age dating and spoof detection. If SNM is pure, may use CPR to derive its age. If SNM is mixed, CPR will indicate that it is mixed or spoofed.

None

2012-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

311

Effect of the hepatoma growth period on host plasma and liver lipid concentrations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFFECT OF THE HEPATOMA GROWTH PERIOD ON HOST PLASMA AND LIVER LIPID CONCENTRATIONS A Thesis by MARTHA FRANCES MATOCHA Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1979 Niajor Sub ect: Biochem. 'stry EFFECT OF THE HEPATOMA GROWTH PERIOD ON HOST PLASMA AND LIVER LIPID CONCENTRATIONS A Thesis MARTHA FRANCES MATOCHA Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) (Mern...

Matocha, Martha Frances

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

The host galaxies of Compact Steep Spectrum and Gigahertz-Peaked Spectrum radio sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I will review some of the developments in studies of the host galaxy properties of Compact Steep Spectrum (CSS) and GigaHertz-Peaked Spectrum (GPS) radio sources. In contrast to previous reviews structured around observational technique, I will discuss the host galaxy properties in terms of morphology, stellar content and warm gas properties and discuss how compact, young radio-loud AGN are key objects for understanding galaxy evolution.

J. Holt

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

313

HOST GALAXIES OF TYPE Ia SUPERNOVAE FROM THE NEARBY SUPERNOVA FACTORY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present photometric and spectroscopic observations of galaxies hosting Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) observed by the Nearby Supernova Factory. Combining Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX) UV data with optical and near-infrared photometry, we employ stellar population synthesis techniques to measure SN Ia host galaxy stellar masses, star formation rates (SFRs), and reddening due to dust. We reinforce the key role of GALEX UV data in deriving accurate estimates of galaxy SFRs and dust extinction. Optical spectra of SN Ia host galaxies are fitted simultaneously for their stellar continua and emission lines fluxes, from which we derive high-precision redshifts, gas-phase metallicities, and H{alpha}-based SFRs. With these data we show that SN Ia host galaxies present tight agreement with the fiducial galaxy mass-metallicity relation from Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) for stellar masses log(M{sub *}/M{sub Sun }) > 8.5 where the relation is well defined. The star formation activity of SN Ia host galaxies is consistent with a sample of comparable SDSS field galaxies, though this comparison is limited by systematic uncertainties in SFR measurements. Our analysis indicates that SN Ia host galaxies are, on average, typical representatives of normal field galaxies.

Childress, M.; Aldering, G.; Aragon, C.; Bailey, S.; Fakhouri, H. K.; Hsiao, E. Y.; Kim, A. G.; Loken, S. [Physics Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Antilogus, P.; Bongard, S.; Canto, A.; Cellier-Holzem, F.; Guy, J. [Laboratoire de Physique Nucleaire et des Hautes Energies, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie Paris 6, Universite Paris Diderot Paris 7, CNRS-IN2P3, 4 place Jussieu, F-75252 Paris Cedex 05 (France); Baltay, C. [Department of Physics, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06250-8121 (United States); Buton, C.; Kerschhaggl, M.; Kowalski, M. [Physikalisches Institut, Universitaet Bonn, Nussallee 12, D-53115 Bonn (Germany); Chotard, N.; Copin, Y.; Gangler, E. [Universite de Lyon, F-69622, Lyon (France); Universite de Lyon 1, Villeurbanne (France); CNRS/IN2P3, Institut de Physique Nucleaire de Lyon (France); and others

2013-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

314

The Optically Unbiased Gamma-Ray Burst Host (TOUGH) Survey. VII. The Host Galaxy Luminosity Function: Probing the Relationship Between GRBs and Star Formation to Redshift $\\sim6$  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) offer a route to characterizing star-forming galaxies and quantifying high-$z$ star-formation that is distinct from the approach of traditional galaxy surveys: GRB selection is independent of dust and probes even the faintest galaxies that can evade detection in flux-limited surveys. However, the exact relation between GRB rate and Star Formation Rate (SFR) throughout all redshifts is controversial. The TOUGH survey includes observations of all GRB hosts (69) in an optically unbiased sample and we utilize these to constrain the evolution of the UV GRB-host-galaxy Luminosity Function (LF) between $z=0$ and $z=4.5$, and compare this with LFs derived from both Lyman-break galaxy (LBG) surveys and simulation modeling. At all redshifts we find the GRB hosts to be most consistent with a Luminosity Function derived from SFR weighted models incorporating GRB production via both metallicity-dependent and independent channels with a relatively high level of bias towards low metallicity hosts. In...

Schulze, S; Hjorth, J; Levan, A J; Jakobsson, P; BjŲrnsson, G; Perley, D A; KrŁhler, T; Gorosabel, J; Tanvir, N R; Postigo, A de Ugarte; Fynbo, J P U; Milvang-Jensen, B; MÝller, P; Watson, D J

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

HYGROTHERMAL AGING OF POLYIMIDE MATRIX COMPOSITE LAMINATES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The time to initiate water-induced microcracks, tm, (in minutes), was log .t T m = + 3423 1 35 (1) #12-ply laminates and supplied to us by the Boeing Company. For hygrothermal aging experiments, a series

Nairn, John A.

316

Aging of polymeric composites : a literature review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Due to their increased use in today's society, an extensive survey was undertaken in this report to condense what's been, thus far, discovered as to the effects of aging on polymeric composites. Special emphasis was placed ...

TreviŮo-Garrido, Margie N

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

QUANTITY SEX AGE WEIGHT WITH: VENDOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

QUANTITY SEX AGE WEIGHT NUMBER/ CAGE WITH: VENDOR: REFERENCE No: PO No: FACILITY: RECEIVED ON PLACED BY: DATE: SUGGESTED VENDOR: AUP No: USER's PHONE No: USER's NAME: USER's EMAIL: ANIMAL REQUEST

Arnold, Jonathan

318

June 18, 2012 Symposium on Aging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, anemia, muscular dystrophy, and diabetes. The reasons for accelerating research into the molecular diseases of aging such as diabetes, cancer, Alzheimer's and heart disease. Today's attendees come not only

Church, George M.

319

DISCOVERY OF A 1.6 YEAR MAGNETIC ACTIVITY CYCLE IN THE EXOPLANET HOST STAR {iota} HOROLOGII  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Mount Wilson Ca HK survey revealed magnetic activity variations in a large sample of solar-type stars with timescales ranging from 2.5 to 25 years. This broad range of cycle periods is thought to reflect differences in the rotational properties and the depths of the surface convection zones for stars with various masses and ages. In 2007, we initiated a long-term monitoring campaign of Ca II H and K emission for a sample of 57 southern solar-type stars to measure their magnetic activity cycles and their rotational properties when possible. We report the discovery of a 1.6 year magnetic activity cycle in the exoplanet host star {iota} Horologii and obtain an estimate of the rotation period that is consistent with Hyades membership. This is the shortest activity cycle so far measured for a solar-type star and may be related to the short-timescale magnetic variations recently identified in the Sun and HD 49933 from helioseismic and asteroseismic measurements. Future asteroseismic observations of {iota} Hor can be compared to those obtained near the magnetic minimum in 2006 to search for cycle-induced shifts in the oscillation frequencies. If such short activity cycles are common in F stars, then NASA's Kepler mission should observe their effects in many of its long-term asteroseismic targets.

Metcalfe, T. S.; Judge, P. G.; Knoelker, M.; Mathur, S.; Rempel, M. [High Altitude Observatory, NCAR, P.O. Box 3000, Boulder, CO 80307 (United States); Basu, S. [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, P.O. Box 208101, New Haven, CT 06520 (United States); Henry, T. J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30302 (United States); Soderblom, D. R. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Dr., Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)

2010-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

320

The Evolution of Host Specialization in the Vertebrate Gut Symbiont Lactobacillus reuteri  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent research has provided mechanistic insight into the important contributions of the gut microbiota to vertebrate biology, but questions remain about the evolutionary processes that have shaped this symbiosis. In the present study, we showed in experiments with gnotobiotic mice that the evolution of Lactobacillus reuteri with rodents resulted in the emergence of host specialization. To identify genomic events marking adaptations to the murine host, we compared the genome of the rodent isolate L. reuteri 100-23 with that of the human isolate L. reuteri F275, and we identified hundreds of genes that were specific to each strain. In order to differentiate true host-specific genome content from strain-level differences, comparative genome hybridizations were performed to query 57 L. reuteri strains originating from six different vertebrate hosts in combination with genome sequence comparisons of nine strains encompassing five phylogenetic lineages of the species. This approach revealed that rodent strains, although showing a high degree of genomic plasticity, possessed a specific genome inventory that was rare or absent in strains from other vertebrate hosts. The distinct genome content of L. reuteri lineages reflected the niche characteristics in the gastrointestinal tracts of their respective hosts, and inactivation of seven out of eight representative rodent-specific genes in L. reuteri 100-23 resulted in impaired ecological performance in the gut of mice. The comparative genomic analyses suggested fundamentally different trends of genome evolution in rodent and human L. reuteri populations, with the former possessing a large and adaptable pan-genome while the latter being subjected to a process of reductive evolution. In conclusion, this study provided experimental evidence and a molecular basis for the evolution of host specificity in a vertebrate gut symbiont, and it identified genomic events that have shaped this process.

Frese, Steven A. [University of Nebraska, Lincoln; Benson, Andrew K. [University of Nebraska, Lincoln; Tannock, Gerald W. [University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand; Loach, Diane M. [University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand; Kim, Jaehyoung [University of Nebraska, Lincoln; Zhang, Min [University of Nebraska, Lincoln; Oh, Phaik Lyn [University of Nebraska, Lincoln; Heng, Nicholas C. K. [University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand; Patil, Prabhu [University of Nebraska, Lincoln; Juge, Nathalie [Institute of Food Research, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, United Kingdom; MacKenzie, Donald A. [Institute of Food Research, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, United Kingdom; Pearson, Bruce M. [Institute of Food Research, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, United Kingdom; Lapidus, Alla L. [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Dalin, Eileen [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Tice, Hope [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Goltsman, Eugene [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Land, Miriam L [ORNL; Hauser, Loren John [ORNL; Ivanova, N [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Kyrpides, Nikos C [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Walter, Jens [University of Nebraska, Lincoln

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volcanic age host" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

E-Print Network 3.0 - aging society aging Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of two different aging techniques. ... Source: South Dakota State University, Climate Change and Prairie Wetlands Program Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology ;...

322

E-Print Network 3.0 - age gestational age Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 25 Pregnancy ComplicationsHealth Problems Complication Explanation Summary: her gestational age. (Sometimes referred to as...

323

Restructuring and aging in a capillary suspension  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The rheological properties of capillary suspensions, suspensions with small amounts of an added immiscible fluid, are dramatically altered with the addition of the secondary fluid. We investigate a capillary suspension to determine how the network ages and restructures at rest and under applied external shear deformation. The present work uses calcium carbonate suspended in silicone oil (11 % solids) with added water as a model system. Aging of capillary suspensions and their response to applied oscillatory shear is distinctly different from particulate gels dominated by the van der Waals forces. The suspensions dominated by the capillary force are very sensitive to oscillatory flow, with the linear viscoelastic regime ending at a deformation of only 0.1 % and demonstrating power-law aging behavior. This aging persists for long times at low deformations or for shorter times with a sudden decrease in the strength at higher deformations. This aging behavior suggests that the network is able to rearrange and even rupture. This same sensitivity is not demonstrated in shear flow where very high shear rates are required to rupture the agglomerates returning the apparent viscosity of capillary suspensions to the same viscosity as for the pure vdW suspension. A transitional region is also present at intermediate water contents wherein the material response depends very strongly on the type, strength, and duration of the external forcing.

Erin Koos; Wolfgang Kannowade; Norbert Willenbacher

2014-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

324

Globular Cluster Ages and Stromgren CCD Photometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stromgren uvby CCD photometry can be used in a variety of ways to constrain the absolute and relative ages of globular clusters. The reddening corrected (v-y, c1) diagram offers the means to derive ages that are completely independent of distance. Very precise differential ages for clusters of the same chemical composition may also be determined from such 2-color plots, or from measurements of the magnitude difference, Delta_u, between the subgiant and horizontal branches on the $u-y, u$ plane (where both of these features are flat and well-defined, even for clusters like M13 that have extremely blue HBs on the (B-V, V) diagram). Based on high-quality photometry we find that: (1) M92 is 15 Gyr old, (2) M3 and M13 differ in age by < 1 Gyr, and (3) NGC 288, NGC 362, and NGC 1851 are coeval to within ~1.5 Gyr. These results strongly suggest that age cannot be the only ``second parameter''. Finally, we suggest that the observed variations in c1 among giant branch stars in all the metal-poor clusters that we have studied so far are likely due to star-to-star C and N abundance variations, and potentially indicate that most (if not all) globular clusters have ``primordial'' variations in at least these elements.

Frank Grundahl

1999-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

325

Supermassive black hole mass related to total mass of host galaxy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Although a supermassive black hole resides at the center of almost all galaxies, fundamental questions concerning the relation between central black hole mass and host galaxy mass remain unanswered. Marleau et al [arXiv:1212.0980 and arXiv:1411.3844] studied about 6,000 galaxies and found central black hole mass correlates better with total stellar mass of the host galaxy than with bulge mass, disk mass, or stellar velocity dispersion. They summarized their findings in a linear correlation equation linking central black hole mass and host galaxy stellar mass. The model outlined in this paper, based on the holographic principle and involving no arbitrary parameters, relates central black hole mass to total mass (including dark matter) of the host galaxy and accounts for the Marleau et al 6,000 galaxy survey data better than their linear correlation equation. The fact that a simple model with no arbitrary parameters accounts for observational data on central black holes in terms of host galaxy total mass reinforces the conclusion that central black holes are an essential element of most galaxies.

T. R. Mongan

2015-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

326

Died suddenly under age 50 Heart disease  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­ _____________________________________________________________ Student cell phone Current email address (for contact over the summer) Persons to contact in case _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ Home phone Business phone Cell phone Home phone Business phone Cell phone State of Age at Age Health _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ City State Zip Code Nation (if not US) Home phone

Smith, Marc L.

327

american children ages: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

july 2004 Age-Specific Demography in Plantago: Uncovering Roach,. Deborah 17 Tackling Dyslexia at an Early Age esearchers at HMS and Boston Children's Biology and Medicine Websites...

328

aging tumor growth: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1983), provide valuable data on the age 85 AGE AND GROWTH OF SKIPJACK TUNA, KATSUWONUS PELAMIS, AND YELLOWFIN TUNA, THUNNUS ALBACARES, AS INDICATED Environmental Sciences and...

329

aging aircraft nondestructive: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

at Early Ages An Experimental and Numerical Analysis by Dr for Nondestructive Testing of Cement-Based Materials at Early Ages - An Experi- mental and Numerical Analysis...

330

Diagnostic and Prognostic Analysis of Battery Performance & Aging...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Prognostic Analysis of Battery Performance & Aging based on Kinetic and Thermodynamic Principles Diagnostic and Prognostic Analysis of Battery Performance & Aging based on...

331

Rapid Aging Protocols for Diesel Aftertreatment Devices: NOx...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Rapid Aging Protocols for Diesel Aftertreatment Devices: NOx Abatement Catalysts Rapid Aging Protocols for Diesel Aftertreatment Devices: NOx Abatement Catalysts Poster...

332

Accelerated Aging of Roofing Surfaces | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Accelerated Aging of Roofing Surfaces Accelerated Aging of Roofing Surfaces Emerging Technologies Project for the 2013 Building Technologies Office's Program Peer Review...

333

THYROID HORMONE REVERSES AGING-INDUCED MYOCARDIAL FATTY ACID...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

occurs during aging in humans and mice and may contribute to development of heart failure. Aging also impairs myocardial fatty acid oxidation, causing increased...

334

Review: Glut: Mastering Information throughout the Ages by Alex Wright  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In positing his proposal, Wright has provided the literaturethrough the Ages by Alex Wright. Washington: Joseph Henrythrough the Ages, Alex Wright may have uncovered one such

Haley, Dan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Effect of non-ageing and ageing ceria nanoparticles suspensions on fresh water micro-algae  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effect of non-ageing and ageing ceria nanoparticles suspensions on fresh water micro-algae Manier nanoparticle (nCeO2) suspensions, towards freshwater micro-algae assessing the effect nCeO2 suspensions microscopy (TEM). In addition, the interaction between NPs and algae were investigated using flow

Boyer, Edmond

336

HOST STAR PROPERTIES AND TRANSIT EXCLUSION FOR THE HD 38529 PLANETARY SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The transit signature of exoplanets provides an avenue through which characterization of exoplanetary properties may be undertaken, such as studies of mean density, structure, and atmospheric composition. The Transit Ephemeris Refinement and Monitoring Survey is a program to expand the catalog of transiting planets around bright host stars by refining the orbits of known planets discovered with the radial velocity technique. Here we present results for the HD 38529 system. We determine fundamental properties of the host star through direct interferometric measurements of the radius and through spectroscopic analysis. We provide new radial velocity measurements that are used to improve the Keplerian solution for the two known planets, and we find no evidence for a previously postulated third planet. We also present 12 years of precision robotic photometry of HD 38529 that demonstrate the inner planet does not transit and the host star exhibits cyclic variations in seasonal mean brightness with a timescale of approximately six years.

Henry, Gregory W. [Center of Excellence in Information Systems, Tennessee State University, 3500 John A. Merritt Blvd., Box 9501, Nashville, TN 37209 (United States); Kane, Stephen R.; Von Braun, Kaspar; Ciardi, David R.; Hinkel, Natalie R. [NASA Exoplanet Science Institute, Caltech, MS 100-22, 770 South Wilson Avenue, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Wang, Sharon X.; Wright, Jason T.; Mahadevan, Suvrath; Pilyavsky, Genady [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, 525 Davey Laboratory, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Boyajian, Tabetha S.; Fischer, Debra A. [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States); Dragomir, Diana [Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, 6740B Cortona Dr., Suite 102, Goleta, CA 93117 (United States); Farrington, Chris [The CHARA Array, Mount Wilson Observatory, Mount Wilson, CA 91023 (United States); Howard, Andrew W. [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Jensen, Eric [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, PA 19081 (United States); Laughlin, Gregory, E-mail: gregory.w.henry@gmail.com [UCO/Lick Observatory, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)

2013-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

337

Modeling The GRB Host Galaxy Mass Distribution: Are GRBs Unbiased Tracers of Star Formation?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We model the mass distribution of long gamma-ray burst (GRB) host galaxies given recent results suggesting that GRBs occur in low metallicity environments. By utilizing measurements of the redshift evolution of the mass-metallicity (M-Z) relationship for galaxies, along with a sharp host metallicity cut-off suggested by Modjaz and collaborators, we estimate an upper limit on the stellar mass of a galaxy that can efficiently produce a GRB as a function of redshift. By employing consistent abundance indicators, we find that sub-solar metallicity cut-offs effectively limit GRBs to low stellar mass spirals and dwarf galaxies at low redshift. At higher redshifts, as the average metallicity of galaxies in the Universe falls, the mass range of galaxies capable of hosting a GRB broadens, with an upper bound approaching the mass of even the largest spiral galaxies. We compare these predicted limits to the growing number of published GRB host masses and find that extremely low metallicity cut-offs of 0.1 to 0.5 Z{sub {circle_dot}} are effectively ruled out by a large number of intermediate mass galaxies at low redshift. A mass function that includes a smooth decrease in the efficiency of producing GRBs in galaxies of metallicity above 12+log(O/H){sub KK04} = 8.7 can, however, accommodate a majority of the measured host galaxy masses. We find that at z {approx} 1, the peak in the observed GRB host mass distribution is inconsistent with the expected peak in the mass of galaxies harboring most of the star formation. This suggests that GRBs are metallicity biased tracers of star formation at low and intermediate redshifts, although our model predicts that this bias should disappear at higher redshifts due to the evolving metallicity content of the universe.

Kocevski, Daniel; /KIPAC, Menlo Park; West, Andrew A.; /UC, Berkeley, Astron. Dept. /MIT, MKI; Modjaz, Maryam; /UC, Berkeley, Astron. Dept.

2009-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

338

Technology and social process : oscillations in Iron Age copper production and power in Southern Jordan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a bulk mineralogical composition including identificationsbulk fragment], distribution in the host rock), fuel (identification

Ben-Yosef, Erez

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

[New hosts and vectors for genome cloning]. Progress report, 1990--1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main goal of our project remains the development of new bacterial hosts and vectors for the stable propagation of human DNA clones in E. coli. During the past six months of our current budget period, we have (1) continued to develop new hosts that permit the stable maintenance of unstable features of human DNA, and (2) developed a series of vectors for (a) cloning large DNA inserts, (b) assessing the frequency of human sequences that are lethal to the growth of E. coli, and (c) assessing the stability of human sequences cloned in M13 for large-scale sequencing projects.

Not Available

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

340

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Workshop Characterization of Pathogenicity, Virulence and Host-Pathogen Interactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The threats of bio-terrorism and newly emerging infectious diseases pose serious challenges to the national security infrastructure. Rapid detection and diagnosis of infectious disease in human populations, as well as characterizing pathogen biology, are critical for reducing the morbidity and mortality associated with such threats. One of the key challenges in managing an infectious disease outbreak, whether through natural causes or acts of overt terrorism, is detection early enough to initiate effective countermeasures. Much recent attention has been directed towards the utility of biomarkers or molecular signatures that result from the interaction of the pathogen with the host for improving our ability to diagnose and mitigate the impact of a developing infection during the time window when effective countermeasures can be instituted. Host responses may provide early signals in blood even from localized infections. Multiple innate and adaptive immune molecules, in combination with other biochemical markers, may provide disease-specific information and new targets for countermeasures. The presence of pathogen specific markers and an understanding of the molecular capabilities and adaptations of the pathogen when it interacts with its host may likewise assist in early detection and provide opportunities for targeting countermeasures. An important question that needs to be addressed is whether these molecular-based approaches will prove useful for early diagnosis, complement current methods of direct agent detection, and aid development and use of countermeasures. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) will host a workshop to explore the utility of host- and pathogen-based molecular diagnostics, prioritize key research issues, and determine the critical steps needed to transition host-pathogen research to tools that can be applied towards a more effective national bio-defense strategy. The workshop will bring together leading researchers/scientists in the area of host-pathogen interactions as well as policy makers from federal agencies. The main objectives of the workshop are: (1) to assess the current national needs, capabilities, near-term technologies, and future challenges in applying various diagnostics tools to public health and bio-defense; (2) to evaluate the utility and feasibility of host-response and pathogen biomarker profiling in the diagnosis and management of infectious diseases; and (3) to create a comprehensive developmental strategy from proof-of-concept, through validation, to deployment of appropriate advanced technology for the clinical/public health and bio-defense environments.

Krishnan, A

2006-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volcanic age host" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Seasonal Abundance and Dispersal of the Cotton Fleahopper as Related to Host Plant Phenology.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

occurred. Croton served as a host plant both for overwintering eggs and throughout the growing season. Seasonal Abundance and Dispersal of the Cotton Fleahopper as Related to Host Plant Phenology *L. K. Almand W. L. Sterling C. L. Green... to various wind speeds also was de rmined in a wind tunnel with a testing area of about 3 lhic feet. Nymphs ;less than 24 hours old which had ltched from overwintering eggs (procedure developed I Sterling and Plapp, 1972) were collected for testing Id...

Almand, Lyndon K.; Sterling, W.L.; Green, C.L.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

The Host Galaxies of Radio-Loud and Radio-Quiet Quasars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I review our knowledge of the properties of the host galaxies of radio-loud and radio-quiet quasars, both in comparison to each other and in the context of the general galaxy population. It is now clear that the hosts of radio-loud and radio-quiet quasars with M_V 10^9 solar masses appears to be a necessary (although perhaps not sufficient) condition for the production of radio jets of sufficient power to produce an FRII radio source within a massive galaxy halo.

James S. Dunlop

2001-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

343

Studies on the integration pattern of FBDV genome in host cell DNA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STUDIES ON THE INTEGRATION PATTERN OF FBDV GENOME IN HOST CELL DNA A Thesis by MIRZA AMANATULLA BAIG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 1992 Major Subject: Veterinary Microbiology STUDIES ON THE INTEGRATION PA~ OF FBDV GENOME IN HOST CELL DNA A Thesis by MIRZA AMANATULLA BAIG Approved as to style and content by: David L. Grah m (Chair of Commi tee) Maurice C. mp...

Baig, Mirza Amanatulla

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Simulation of host-parasite interactions within a resource management framework: impact of brucellosis on bison population dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or commensal associations-the endpoint predicted by conventional dogma. (3) There is extreme polymorphism in the genetic systems controlling both specific and non-specific host responses to parasitic invasion in natural populations. (4) The observed... be "ideal" for regulating host populations: (1) high case mortality relative to the intrinsic growth rate of the disease-free host population, (2) relatively short incubation periods, (3) long duration of infection, and (4) the ability to decrease...

Peterson, Markus John

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Utah Commission on Aging June 16, 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is focusing on fall prevention, end of life care, and elder abuse issues, all of which fall under the auspices Cherie Brunker Health Care Shauna O'Neil Area Agencies on Aging Robert Archuleta Ethnic Minorities Helen-Michele Church Department of Human Services Kent Alderman Legal Profession Gary Kelso Long-Term Care Jo

Tipple, Brett

346

7, 1365313697, 2007 Global mean age of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACPD 7, 13653­13697, 2007 Global mean age of air from MIPAS G. P. Stiller et al. Title Page measurements G. P. Stiller 1 , T. von Clarmann 1 , M. H¨opfner 1 , N. Glatthor 1 , U. Grabowski 1 , S. Kellmann Correspondence to: G. P. Stiller (gabriele.stiller@imk.fzk.de) 13653 #12;ACPD 7, 13653­13697, 2007 Global mean

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

347

Bitcoin and the Age of Bespoke Silicon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bitcoin and the Age of Bespoke Silicon Michael B. Taylor Associate Professor University of California, San Diego #12;This Talk Introduction An Overview of the Bitcoin Cryptocurrency Bitcoin's Computing Evolution Bespoke Silicon #12;Interesting Facts about Bitcoin The most successful digital

Wang, Deli

348

Aging and Place: Building Health Promotion into  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aging and Place: Building Health Promotion into Long-Term Care IHRP Brownbag May 21, 2013 Naoko-being in social contexts. ­ To improve quality of services by building health promotion into long-term care. #12 ­ U.S. 3. Building health promotion into long-term care ­ Why important? ­ Challenges

Illinois at Chicago, University of

349

Stone Age Distributed Computing (Extended Abstract)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the first page. Copyrights for components of this work owned by others than ACM must be honored. AbstractingStone Age Distributed Computing (Extended Abstract) Yuval Emek Distributed Computing Group ETH wattenhofer@ethz.ch ABSTRACT A new model that depicts a network of randomized finite state machines operating

350

Aging assessment of auxiliary feedwater systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study of Pressurized Water Reactor Auxiliary Feedwater (AFW) Systems has been conducted by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) under the auspices of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Nuclear Plant Aging Research Program. The study has reviewed historical failure experience and current monitoring practices for the AFW System. This paper provides an overview of the study approach and results. 7 figs.

Casada, D.A. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Eligibility: Cancer Survivor ages 35-75  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Eligibility: · Cancer Survivor ages 35-75 · Patient has completed treatment within last two years for non-metastic solid tumor · Patient's cancer is currently considered stable or in remission · At least. Please contact Missy Buchanan 415-353-7019 for more information. Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer

Walter, Peter

352

Metabolic reprogramming, caloric restriction and aging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

metabolic response to changes in nutrient availability, energetic demand or redox status. The fact that many the response to altered nutri- ent availability with CR and how the pathways they regulate can retard the aging and has the potential to reveal cellular pathways that are important in directing

Sheridan, Jennifer

353

The Security of International Investments: a Synthesis of Impacts on Public Policies and Domestic Law of Host States.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The subject of this dissertation is the relationship between the protection of foreign investors' investments under international investment law and the domestic law of hostÖ (more)

Costanza, Livia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

The 2006 Harvard / Paul F. Glenn Symposium on Aging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

diseases of aging, such as diabetes, cancer, Alzheimer's and heart disease. A recent study1 concluded

Church, George M.

355

International Support On Hosting or Hiring Internationals Since 9/11  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Mail: isfs@sc.edu Website: http://hr.sc.edu/international.html #12;Hosting or Hiring Internationals | Page 2. Instructions are on the ISFS website; Best practice is to submit form both to Immigration & to International Support. State law sets special requirements for issuance of a S.C. driver's license E-Verify/FAR rules

Almor, Amit

356

Communities of fungal endophytes in tropical forest grasses: highly diverse host-and habitat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Communities of fungal endophytes in tropical forest grasses: highly diverse host- and habitat: Charles W. Bacon Keywords: Barro Colorado Island Biodiversity Community assembly Fungal endophytes Poaceae- studied endophytes in the lowland forests of Panama. We used sequence data for 402 isolates from two

Coley, Phyllis

357

Culturing and direct PCR suggest prevalent host generalism among diverse fungal endophytes of tropical forest grasses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Culturing and direct PCR suggest prevalent host generalism among diverse fungal endophytes examining endophytic fungi associated with grasses (Poaceae) have focused on agronomically important species and forest-edge communities. To provide a broader context for understanding grass-endophyte associations we

Coley, Phyllis

358

The Endophytic System of Mediterranean Cytinus (Cytinaceae) Developing on Five Host Cistaceae Species  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Endophytic System of Mediterranean Cytinus (Cytinaceae) Developing on Five Host Cistaceae in the genus Cytinus, a holoparasite whose vegetative body is reduced to an endophytic system living within its scrublands. The aim of this work is to describe the endophytic systems of C. hypocistis and C. ruber

Herrera, Carlos M.

359

Hosting Dynamic Data in the Cloud with Isis2 and the Ida DHT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hosting Dynamic Data in the Cloud with Isis2 and the Ida DHT Ken Birman and Heesung Sohn Dept, cloud storage and access technologies must be reexamined. Isis2 aims at such scenarios, offering a base called the Isis2 interactive data analysis infrastructure: Ida. Ida is a strongly-consistent distributed

Keinan, Alon

360

allowing a longer period of infection within an individual host and by facilitating re-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

T cells and neutralizing antibodies. It augments viral load and thus accelerates the destruc- tion of CD4, dis- cussing genetic differences among hosts in theirimmuneresponsesandimmunemem- ory profiles Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA. Martin Nowak is at the Institute

Cai, Long

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volcanic age host" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Discovery of the eucalypt pathogen Quambalaria eucalypti infecting a non-Eucalyptus host in Uruguay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Discovery of the eucalypt pathogen Quambalaria eucalypti infecting a non-Eucalyptus host in Uruguay, Paysand√ļ, Uruguay. C Department of Microbiology and Plant Pathology, Forestry and Agricultural Agropecuaria, Ruta 48, km 10, Canelones, Uruguay. E Corresponding author. Email: caperez@fagro.edu.uy Abstract

362

Host Range and Variability of Calcium Binding by Surface Loops in the Capsids of Canine and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Host Range and Variability of Calcium Binding by Surface Loops in the Capsids of Canine and Feline, consisting of residues 359 to 375 of the capsid protein. This loop binds a divalent calcium ion in FPV and in the presence or absence of Ca2 . The largest structural difference was found to occur in a ¬Įexible surface loop

Rossmann, Michael G.

363

Scintillator having a MgAI.sub.2O.sub.4 host lattice  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A scintillator having a host lattice of MgAl.sub.2O.sub.4 was prepared by hot pressing under a vacuum environment a powder mixture of MgAl.sub.2O.sub.4, CeO.sub.2, and LiF.

Chen, Ching-Fong (Los Alamos, NM)

2011-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

364

Children's School May 2011 Children's School Co-Hosts NALS Conference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Children's School May 2011 Children's School Co-Hosts NALS Conference Thanks to all the educators Affiliated Schools! We were honored by the presence and encouragement of H&SS Dean John Lehoczky, Psychology school's approach to early childhood education through offering tours, sharing a poster and presentations

365

Hostile Takeover by Plasmodium: Reorganization of Parasite and Host Cell Membranes during Liver Stage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MalaR (European Virtual Institute for Malaria Research) and Malsig (Signalling in life cycle stages of malaria is transmitted by female Anopheles mosquitoes and undergoes obligatory development within a parasitophorous to mask itself from the host immune system and bypass the numerous Kupffer cells on its way

Arnold, Jonathan

366

Importance of dye host on absorption, propagation losses, and amplified spontaneous emission for dye-doped  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Importance of dye host on absorption, propagation losses, and amplified spontaneous emission for dye-doped polymer thin films Hélène Goudket, Tran Hong Nhung, Buntha Ea-Kim, Gisèle Roger, and Michael Canva The absorption spectra of dye-doped polymer thin films made from a variety of five dyes and six

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

367

The relationship between host selection behaviour and offspring tness in a koinobiont parasitoid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Introduction A classic problem in parasitoid behavioural ecology is the prediction of which hosts a female foraging bout, depending both on the female's previous experience and hence perception of the environment-mail: Ana.Rivero@ed.ac.uk # 2000 Blackwell Science Ltd 467 Ecological Entomology (2000) 25, 467

Rivero, Ana

368

DOI: 10.1002/chem.200901982 Template-Synthesized Porous Silicon Carbide as an Effective Host  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DOI: 10.1002/chem.200901982 Template-Synthesized Porous Silicon Carbide as an Effective Host, especially those that can work more du- rably under harsh conditions. Silicon carbide (SiC) is a promising has been de- veloped for the fabrication of porous silicon carbide (SiC) by means of sin- tering

Bao, Xinhe

369

A Comprehensive Collection of Systems Biology Data Characterizing the Host Response to Viral Infection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Systems Biology for Infectious Diseases Research program was established by the U.S. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases to investigate host-pathogen interactions at a systems level. This program generated 47 transcriptomic and proteomic datasets from 30 studies that investigate in vivo and in vitro host responses to viral infections. Human pathogens in the Orthomyxoviridae and Coronaviridae families, especially pandemic H1N1 and avian H5N1 influenza A viruses and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV), were investigated. Study validation was demonstrated via experimental quality control measures and meta-analysis of independent experiments performed under similar conditions. Primary assay results are archived at the GEO and PeptideAtlas public repositories, while processed statistical results together with standardized metadata are publically available at the Influenza Research Database (www.fludb.org) and the Virus Pathogen Resource (www.viprbrc.org). By comparing data from mutant versus wild-type virus and host strains, RNA versus protein differential expression, and infection with genetically similar strains, these data can be used to further investigate genetic and physiological determinants of host responses to viral infection.

Aevermann, Brian; Pickett, Brett E.; Kumar, Sanjeev; Klem, Edward B.; Agnihothram, Sudhakar; Askovich, Peter S.; Bankhead, Armand; Bolles, Meagan; Carter, Victoria; Chang, Jean H.; Clauss, Therese RW; Dash, Pradyot; Diercks, Alan H.; Eisfeld, Amie J.; Ellis, Amy L.; Fan, Shufang; Ferris, Martin T.; Gralinski, Lisa; Green, Richard; Gritsenko, Marina A.; Hatta, Masato; Heegel, Robert A.; Jacobs, Jon M.; Jeng, Sophia; Josset, Laurence; Kaiser, Shari M.; Kelly, Sarah; Law, Gale L.; Li, Chengjun; Li, Jiangning; Long, Casey; Luna, Maria L.; Matzke, Melissa M.; McDermott, Jason E.; Menachery, Vineet; Metz, Thomas O.; Mitchell, Hugh D.; Monroe, Matthew E.; Navarro, Garnet; Neumann, Gabriele; Podyminogin, Rebecca L.; Purvine, Samuel O.; Rosenberger, Carrie; Sanders, Catherine J.; Schepmoes, Athena A.; Shukla, Anil K.; Sims, Amy; Sova, Pavel; Tam, Vincent C.; Tchitchek, Nicholas; Thomas, Paul G.; Tilton, Susan C.; Totura, Allison L.; Wang, Jing; Webb-Robertson, Bobbie-Jo M.; Wen, Ji; Weiss, Jeffrey M.; Yang, Feng; Yount, Boyd; Zhang, Qibin; Mcweeney, Shannon K.; Smith, Richard D.; Waters, Katrina M.; Kawaoka, Yoshihiro; Baric, Ralph; Aderem, Alan; Katze, Michael G.; Scheuermann, Richard H.

2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

370

Selective Organic and Organometallic Reactions in Water-Soluble Host-Guest Supramolecular Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Inspired by the efficiency and selectivity of enzymes, synthetic chemists have designed and prepared a wide range of host molecules that can bind smaller molecules with their cavities; this area has become known as 'supramolecular' or 'host-guest' chemistry. Pioneered by Lehn, Cram, Pedersen, and Breslow, and followed up by a large number of more recent investigators, it has been found that the chemical environment in each assembly - defined by the size, shape, charge, and functional group availability - greatly influences the guest-binding characteristics of these compounds. In contrast to the large number of binding studies that have been carried out in this area, the exploration of chemistry - especially catalytic chemistry - that can take place inside supramolecular host cavities is still in its infancy. For example, until the work described here was carried out, very few examples of organometallic reactivity inside supramolecular hosts were known, especially in water solution. For that reason, our group and the group directed by Kenneth Raymond decided to take advantage of our complementary expertise and attempt to carry out metal-mediated C-H bond activation reactions in water-soluble supramolecular systems. This article begins by providing background from the Raymond group in supramolecular coordination chemistry and the Bergman group in C-H bond activation. It goes on to report the results of our combined efforts in supramolecular C-H activation reactions, followed by extensions of this work into a wider range of intracavity transformations.

Pluth, Michael D.; Raymond, Kenneth N.; Bergman, Robert G.

2008-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

371

Library Hosted Catalogs Job Aid PURCH12/23/13L.Tran Page1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, enter in the applicable search terms, and click the Go button. 2. The search results are shown items from preferred suppliers at University-specific pricing. Use Advanced Search options to enter, and then enter the applicable search item and the click Search button #12; Library Hosted Catalogs ­ Job

California at Berkeley, University of

372

Sources of organic nitrogen at the serpentinite-hosted Lost City hydrothermal field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sources of organic nitrogen at the serpentinite-hosted Lost City hydrothermal field S. Q. LANG,1 G environment, the Lost City hydrothermal field (30¬įN, Mid-Atlantic Ridge). Total hydrolizable amino acid (THAA carbon (2.5¬≠15.1%). The amino acid distributions, and the relative concentrations of these compounds

Gilli, Adrian

373

DAX: A Widely Distributed Multi-tenant Storage Service for DBMS Hosting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DAX: A Widely Distributed Multi-tenant Storage Service for DBMS Hosting Rui Liu University data management needs that are best served by a SQL-based relational DBMS. It is not difficult to run a DBMS in the cloud, and in many cases one DBMS instance is enough to support an application's workload

Aboulnaga, Ashraf

374

Cell Host & Microbe Translocation of Sickle Cell Erythrocyte MicroRNAs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cell Host & Microbe Article Translocation of Sickle Cell Erythrocyte MicroRNAs into Plasmodium a variant hemoglobin allele (HbS), which causes sickle cell disease and resists infection by the malaria in translational inhibition. Hence, sickle cell erythrocytes exhibit cell-intrinsic resistance to malaria in part

Nicchitta, Chris

375

A Statistical Study of H I Gas in Nearby Narrow-Line AGN-Hosting Galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As a quenching mechanism, AGN feedback could suppress on-going star formation in their host galaxies. On the basis of a sample of galaxies selected from ALFALFA HI survey, the dependence of their HI mass M[HI], stellar mass M[*] & HI-to-stellar mass ratio M[HI]/M[*] on various tracers of AGN activity are presented and analyzed in this paper. Almost all the AGN-hostings in this sample are gas-rich galaxies, and there is no any evidence to be shown to indicate that the AGN activity could increase/decrease either M[HI] or M[HI]/M[*]. The cold neutral gas can not be fixed positions accurately just based on available HI data due to the large beam size of ALFALFA survey. In addition, even though AGN-hostings are more easily detected by HI survey compared with absorption line galaxies, these two types of galaxies show similar star formation history. If an AGN-hosting would ultimately evolve into an old red galaxy with few cold gas, then when and how the gas has been exhausted have to be solved by future hypothes...

Zhu, Yi-Nan

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Crop Protection 24 (2005) 961970 Evaluation of potato late blight management utilizing host plant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Crop Protection 24 (2005) 961­970 Evaluation of potato late blight management utilizing host plant contact fungicide fluazinam to control foliar potato late blight (Phytophthora infestans). Potato. and was either partially effective or ineffective in the susceptible cvs.. The study demonstrates that potato cvs

Douches, David S.

377

Plant Disease / October 2001 1113 Effect of Host Plant Resistance and Reduced Rates and Frequencies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plant Disease / October 2001 1113 Effect of Host Plant Resistance and Reduced Rates and Frequencies. These include the use of fungicides with less active ingredient, re- duced application rates, longer application. The frequent fungicide spray intervals and rates currently used by growers to control late blight are expensive

Douches, David S.

378

Improved Catalysts for Heavy Oil Upgrading Based on Zeolite Y Nanoparticles Encapsulated Stable Nanoporous Host  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this project is to synthesize nanocrystals of highly acidic zeolite Y nanoclusters, encapsulate them within the channels of mesoporous (nanoporous) silicates or nanoporous organosilicates, and evaluate the 'zeolite Y/Nanoporous host' composites as catalysts for the upgrading of heavy petroleum feedstocks. In comparison to conventionally-used zeolite Y catalysts of micron size particles, the nanocrystals (< 100 nm particle size) which contain shorter path lengths, are expected to allow faster diffusion of large hydrocarbon substrates and the catalysis products within and out of the zeolite's channels and cages (<1 nm size). This is expected to significantly reduce deactivation of the catalyst and to prolong their period of reactivity. Encapsulating zeolite Y nanocrystals within the nanoporous materials is expected to protect its external surfaces and pore entrances from being blocked by large hydrocarbon substrates, since these substrates will initially be converted to small molecules by the nanoporous host (a catalyst in its own right). The project consisted of four major tasks as follows: (1) synthesis of the nanoparticles of zeolite Y (of various chemical compositions) using various techniques such as the addition of organic additives to conventional zeolite Y synthesis mixtures to suppress zeolite Y crystal growth; (2) synthesis of nanoporous silicate host materials of up to 30 nm pore diameter, using poly (alkylene oxide) copolymers which when removed will yield a mesoporous material; (3) synthesis of zeolite Y/Nanoporous Host composite materials as potential catalysts; and (4) evaluation of the catalyst for the upgrading of heavy petroleum feedstocks.

Conrad Ingram; Mark Mitchell

2007-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

379

A Summary Report Keeping pace with changing global markets, meeting world demand for a host  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in an uncertain world. Robert Johns (CTS director), Rebecca Jasper (Council of Supply Chain ManagementA Summary Report Keeping pace with changing global markets, meeting world demand for a host, transportation infrastructure, ports, railroads, biofuels and agricultural byproducts, and transportation

Minnesota, University of

380

TOPIC: Shale Gas Emissions w/David Allen, Energy Institute HOST: Jeff Tester and Todd Cowen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the nation's energy landscape. However, the environmental impacts associated with ``fracking'' for shale gas: November 20th , 12:00 -1:00pm, 300 Rice Hall Atmospheric Impacts of Expanded Natural Gas Use HydraulicTOPIC: Shale Gas Emissions w/David Allen, Energy Institute HOST: Jeff Tester and Todd Cowen DATE

Angenent, Lars T.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volcanic age host" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

-News Home Help EU offers 'sweetener' to Japan to let France host nuclear project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to host a revolutionary nuclear fusion project. news web sites "I cannot elaborate on the sweetener, but I Wednesday after talks in Vienna on the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). news web ( - ) -- which have supported the Japanese bid -- plus Russia and China, which back the EU bid.news web sites

382

Protection Mechanisms for Application Service Hosting Platforms Xuxian Jiang, Dongyan Xu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Protection Mechanisms for Application Service Hosting Platforms Xuxian Jiang, Dongyan Xu Department on the virtual OS technology. We then present three protection mechanisms we have developed in SODA, our ASHP architecture. The mechanisms include: (1) resource isolation between AS, (2) virtual switching and firewalling

Xu, Dongyan

383

Neutrinos from gamma-ray bursts: propagation of cosmic rays in their host galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are proposed as candidate sources of ultra-high energy cosmic rays (UHECRs). We study the possibility that the PeV neutrinos recently observed by IceCube are produced by GRB cosmic rays interacting with the interstellar gas in the host galaxies. By studying the relation between the X-ray absorption column density N_H and the surface star-formation rate of GRB host galaxies, we find that N_H is a good indicator of the surface gas density of the host galaxies. Then we are able to calculate the neutrino production efficiency of CRs for GRBs with known N_H. We collect a sample of GRBs that have both measurements of N_H and accurate gamma-ray fluence, and attempt to calculate the accumulated neutrino flux based on the current knowledge about GRBs and their host galaxies. When the CR intensity produced by GRBs is normalized with the observed UHECR flux above $10^{19}{\\rm eV}$, the accumulated neutrino flux at PeV energies is estimated to be about $(0.3\\pm0.2)\\times10^{-8} \\rm{GeV\\ cm^{-2}\\ s...

Wang, Zi-Yi; Wang, Jun-Feng

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Predation on infected host promotes evolutionary branching of virulence and pathogens' biodiversity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Predation on infected host promotes evolutionary branching of virulence and pathogens' biodiversity G H L I G H T S c We investigate the role of predators in biodiversity of the pathogens of prey. c investigate the possible role of predators in promoting biodiversity and disruptive evolution (evolutionary

385

Title: Working Together in Shale Gas Policy Hosts: Todd Cowen, Teresa Jordan and Christine Shoemaker  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Title: Working Together in Shale Gas Policy Hosts: Todd Cowen, Teresa Jordan and Christine and environmental groups. The Shale Gas Roundtable of the Institute of Politics at the University of Pittsburgh produced a report with several recommendations dealing especially with shale gas research, water use

Angenent, Lars T.

386

TITLE: Shifting Agrarian Landscapes: Climate Change and Adaptation in Bangladesh HOSTS: Jason Cons and Shelley Feldman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and water resources are rapidly reorganizing village-life and changing Bangladesh's agrarian landscapes. FarTITLE: Shifting Agrarian Landscapes: Climate Change and Adaptation in Bangladesh HOSTS: Jason Cons fragile lowland areas of the Ganges Delta, in which the vast majority of Bangladesh is situated. For rural

Angenent, Lars T.

387

The Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Host Galaxy Legacy Survey - I. Sample Selection and Redshift Distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce the Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Host Galaxy Legacy Survey ("SHOALS"), a multi-observatory high-redshift galaxy survey targeting the largest unbiased sample of long-duration gamma-ray burst hosts yet assembled (119 in total). We describe the motivations of the survey and the development of our selection criteria, including an assessment of the impact of various observability metrics on the success rate of afterglow-based redshift measurement. We briefly outline our host-galaxy observational program, consisting of deep Spitzer/IRAC imaging of every field supplemented by similarly-deep, multi-color optical/NIR photometry, plus spectroscopy of events without pre-existing redshifts. Our optimized selection cuts combined with host-galaxy follow-up have so far enabled redshift measurements for 110 targets (92%) and placed upper limits on all but one of the remainder. About 20% of GRBs in the sample are heavily dust-obscured, and at most 2% originate from z>5.5. Using this sample we estimate the redshift-depen...

Perley, D A; Schulze, S; Postigo, A de Ugarte; Hjorth, J; Berger, E; Cenko, S B; Chary, R; Cucchiara, A; Ellis, R; Fong, W; Fynbo, J P U; Gorosabel, J; Greiner, J; Jakobsson, P; Laskar, T; Levan, A J; Micha?owski, M J; Milvang-Jensen, B; Tanvir, N R; ThŲne, C C; Wiersema, K

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Evidence of uranium biomineralization in sandstone-hosted roll-front uranium deposits, northwestern China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evidence of uranium biomineralization in sandstone-hosted roll-front uranium deposits, northwestern Available online 25 January 2005 Abstract We show evidence that the primary uranium minerals, uraninite-front uranium deposits, Xinjiang, northwestern China were biogenically precipitated and psuedomorphically

Fayek, Mostafa

389

Paper #194973 GEOCHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF THE RESERVOIR HOSTING SHALE-GAS AND OIL in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Paper #194973 GEOCHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF THE RESERVOIR HOSTING SHALE-GAS AND OIL a reservoir for shale-gas and oil. We examined organic-rich black shale, known as Macasty shale, of Upper SHALE-GAS AND OIL in THE SUBSURFACE OF ANTICOSTI ISLAND, CANADA Key Words: Provenance, Anticosti Island

390

Host-IP Clustering Technique for Deep Web Characterization Denis Shestakov  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Host-IP Clustering Technique for Deep Web Characterization Denis Shestakov Department of Media databases. This part of the Web, known as the deep Web, is to date relatively unexplored and even major are aimed at more accurate estimation of main parameters of the deep Web by sampling one national web domain

Hammerton, James

391

FUNDAMENTAL PROPERTIES OF KEPLER PLANET-CANDIDATE HOST STARS USING ASTEROSEISMOLOGY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have used asteroseismology to determine fundamental properties for 66 Kepler planet-candidate host stars, with typical uncertainties of 3% and 7% in radius and mass, respectively. The results include new asteroseismic solutions for four host stars with confirmed planets (Kepler-4, Kepler-14, Kepler-23 and Kepler-25) and increase the total number of Kepler host stars with asteroseismic solutions to 77. A comparison with stellar properties in the planet-candidate catalog by Batalha et al. shows that radii for subgiants and giants obtained from spectroscopic follow-up are systematically too low by up to a factor of 1.5, while the properties for unevolved stars are in good agreement. We furthermore apply asteroseismology to confirm that a large majority of cool main-sequence hosts are indeed dwarfs and not misclassified giants. Using the revised stellar properties, we recalculate the radii for 107 planet candidates in our sample, and comment on candidates for which the radii change from a previously giant-planet/brown-dwarf/stellar regime to a sub-Jupiter size or vice versa. A comparison of stellar densities from asteroseismology with densities derived from transit models in Batalha et al. assuming circular orbits shows significant disagreement for more than half of the sample due to systematics in the modeled impact parameters or due to planet candidates that may be in eccentric orbits. Finally, we investigate tentative correlations between host-star masses and planet-candidate radii, orbital periods, and multiplicity, but caution that these results may be influenced by the small sample size and detection biases.

Huber, Daniel; Lissauer, Jack J.; Rowe, Jason F. [NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States); Chaplin, William J. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT (United Kingdom); Christensen-Dalsgaard, Jorgen; Kjeldsen, Hans; Handberg, Rasmus; Karoff, Christoffer; Lund, Mikkel N.; Lundkvist, Mia [Stellar Astrophysics Centre, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, Ny Munkegade 120, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Gilliland, Ronald L. [Center for Exoplanets and Habitable Worlds, The Pennsylvania State University, 525 Davey Lab, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Buchhave, Lars A. [Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, DK-2100 Copenhagen (Denmark); Fischer, Debra A.; Basu, Sarbani [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States); Sanchis-Ojeda, Roberto [Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Hekker, Saskia [Astronomical Institute ''Anton Pannekoek'', University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098 XH Amsterdam (Netherlands); Howard, Andrew W. [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Isaacson, Howard; Marcy, Geoffrey W. [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Latham, David W., E-mail: daniel.huber@nasa.gov [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); and others

2013-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

392

Continuous Commissioningģ in an Aged Office Building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ICEBO2005 Cui and Liu Continuous Commissioning SM in an Aged Office Building Y. Cui, Ph.D. Energy Systems Laboratory Architectural Engineering Department University of Nebraska-Lincoln Omaha, NE 68182 cuiy@unomaha.edu Mingsheng Liu, Ph... and Liu Units (AHUs). Among these, 7 AHUs serve the Main Building and Executive Wing areas: one AHU, called Primary AHU, for the perimeter of the Main Building and Executive Wing areas, and six AHUs, called Interior AHUs, for the interior of Main...

Cui, Y.; Liu, M.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

AGES: THE AGN AND GALAXY EVOLUTION SURVEY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The AGN and Galaxy Evolution Survey (AGES) is a redshift survey covering, in its standard fields, 7.7 deg{sup 2} of the Booetes field of the NOAO Deep Wide-Field Survey. The final sample consists of 23,745 redshifts. There are well-defined galaxy samples in 10 bands (the B{sub W} , R, I, J, K, IRAC 3.6, 4.5, 5.8, and 8.0 {mu}m, and MIPS 24 {mu}m bands) to a limiting magnitude of I < 20 mag for spectroscopy. For these galaxies, we obtained 18,163 redshifts from a sample of 35,200 galaxies, where random sparse sampling was used to define statistically complete sub-samples in all 10 photometric bands. The median galaxy redshift is 0.31, and 90% of the redshifts are in the range 0.085 < z < 0.66. Active galactic nuclei (AGNs) were selected as radio, X-ray, IRAC mid-IR, and MIPS 24 {mu}m sources to fainter limiting magnitudes (I < 22.5 mag for point sources). Redshifts were obtained for 4764 quasars and galaxies with AGN signatures, with 2926, 1718, 605, 119, and 13 above redshifts of 0.5, 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively. We detail all the AGES selection procedures and present the complete spectroscopic redshift catalogs and spectral energy distribution decompositions. Photometric redshift estimates are provided for all sources in the AGES samples.

Kochanek, C. S. [Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, 140 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Eisenstein, D. J.; Caldwell, N.; Jones, C.; Murray, S. S.; Forman, W. R.; Green, P. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Cool, R. J. [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Peyton Hall, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States); Assef, R. J.; Eisenhardt, P.; Stern, D. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States); Jannuzi, B. T.; Dey, A. [NOAO, 950 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); Brown, M. J. I. [School of Physics, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800 (Australia); Gonzalez, A. H. [Department of Astronomy, Bryant Space Science Center, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States)

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Age-dependent decay in the landscape  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The picture of the "multiverse" arising in diverse cosmological scenarios involves transitions between metastable vacuum states. It was pointed out by Krauss and Dent that the transition rates decrease at very late times, leading to a dependence of the transition probability between vacua on the age of each vacuum region. I investigate the implications of this non-Markovian, age-dependent decay on the global structure of the spacetime in landscape scenarios. I show that the fractal dimension of the eternally inflating domain is precisely equal to 3, instead of being slightly below 3 in scenarios with purely Markovian, age-independent decay. I develop a complete description of a non-Markovian landscape in terms of a nonlocal master equation. Using this description I demonstrate by an explicit calculation that, under some technical assumptions about the landscape, the probabilistic predictions of our position in the landscape are essentially unchanged, regardless of the measure used to extract these predictions. I briefly discuss the physical plausibility of realizing non-Markovian vacuum decay in cosmology in view of the possible decoherence of the metastable quantum state.

Sergei Winitzki

2007-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

395

Managing Energy and Server Resources in Hosting Centers Jeffrey S. Chase, Darrell C. Anderson, Prachi N. Thakar, Amin M. Vahdat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of delivered performance. The system continuously moni- tors load and plans resource allotments by estimating bandwidth) to insulate its customers from demand surges and capital costs for excess capacity. HostingManaging Energy and Server Resources in Hosting Centers Jeffrey S. Chase, Darrell C. Anderson

Sirer, Emin Gun

396

Variational Implicit-Solvent Modeling of Host-Guest Binding: A Case Study on Cucurbit[7]uril  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112-5820, United States 5 Department of Mathematics, University of the individual VISM free-energy contributions shows that the major driving forces are water-mediated hydrophobic[n]uril hosts thanks to its good balance between the number of water molecules confined in the host cavity

Li, Bo

397

Petrography and genetic history of coffinite and uraninite from the Liueryiqi granite-hosted uranium deposit, SE China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-hosted uranium deposit, SE China Maozhong Mina,b,*, Changquan Fanga , Mostafa Fayekc a Department of Earth-hosted uranium deposit, SE China, form a unique bbull's-eyeQ texture. These aggregates consist of concentric% at temperatures between 126 and 178 8C and a lithostatic pressure of 500 to 800 bars. Uranium was likely

Fayek, Mostafa

398

On the seismic age of the Sun  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use low-degree acoustic modes obtained by the BiSON to estimate the main-sequence age $t_\\odot$ of the Sun. The calibration is accomplished by linearizing the deviations from a standard solar model the seismic frequencies of which are close to those of the Sun. Formally, we obtain the preliminary value $t_\\odot=4.68\\pm0.02 $Gy, coupled with an initial heavy-element abundance $Z=0.0169\\pm0.0005$. The quoted standard errors, which are not independent, are upper bounds implied under the assumption that the standard errors in the observed frequencies are independent.

G. Houdek; D. O. Gough

2007-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

399

Rock of Ages | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-g Grant ofRichardton Abbey Wind Farm It is classified asOpenAges Jump

400

AGE UFMG Incubator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 SouthWater Rights,Information OfOpen EnergyEnergyAGE UFMG Incubator Jump

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volcanic age host" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

The May 22, 1915, explosive eruption of Lassen Peak, California, blasted rock fragments and pumice high into the air and rained fine volcanic ash as far away as Winnemucca, Nevada, 200 miles to the east. In this photograph  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The May 22, 1915, explosive eruption of Lassen Peak, California, blasted rock fragments and pumice of volcanic rock, called lava domes, were created by eruptions of lava too viscous to flow readily away from its source. Eruptions about 27,000 years ago formed Lassen Peak, probably in only a few years

402

3D climate modeling of Earth-like extrasolar planets orbiting different types of host stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The potential habitability of a terrestrial planet is usually defined by the possible existence of liquid water on its surface. The potential presence of liquid water depends on many factors such as, most importantly, surface temperatures. The properties of the planetary atmosphere and its interaction with the radiative energy provided by the planet's host star are thereby of decisive importance. In this study we investigate the influence of different main-sequence stars upon the climate of Earth-like extrasolar planets and their potential habitability by applying a 3D Earth climate model accounting for local and dynamical processes. The calculations have been performed for planets with Earth-like atmospheres at orbital distances where the total amount of energy received from the various host stars equals the solar constant. In contrast to previous 3D modeling studies, we include the effect of ozone radiative heating upon the vertical temperature structure of the atmospheres. The global orbital mean results o...

Godolt, M; Hamann-Reinus, A; Kitzmann, D; Kunze, M; Langematz, U; von Paris, P; Patzer, A B C; Rauer, H; Stracke, B

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

The host preference of the tobacco budworm, Heliothis virescens (Fabricius), to cotton and tobacco  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tobacco budworm moths in the area during all of June and practically all oviposition took place on tobacco. Thus, during this period tobacco apparently was serving as a very effective trap crop for small numbers of budworms. Table 11. Seasonal...THE HOST PREFERENCE OF THE TOBACCO BUDWORM, HELIOTHIS VIRESCENS (FABRICIUS), TO COTTON AND TOBACCO A Thesis by GARY WRIGHT KENNEDY Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

Kennedy, Gary Wright

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

THE HOMOGENEOUS STUDY OF TRANSITING SYSTEMS (HoSTS). I. THE PILOT STUDY OF WASP-13  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the fundamental stellar and planetary properties of the transiting planetary system WASP-13 within the framework of the Homogeneous Study of Transiting Systems (HoSTS). HoSTS aims to derive the fundamental stellar (T{sub eff}, [Fe/H], M{sub *}, R{sub *}) and planetary (M{sub pl}, R{sub pl}, T{sub eq}) physical properties of known transiting planets using a consistent methodology and homogeneous high-quality data set. Four spectral analysis techniques are independently applied to a Keck+HIRES spectrum of WASP-13 considering two distinct cases: unconstrained parameters and constrained log g from transit light curves. We check the derived stellar temperature against that from a different temperature diagnostic based on an INT+IDS H{alpha} spectrum. The four unconstrained analyses render results that are in good agreement, and provide an improvement of 50% in the precision of T{sub eff}, and of 85% in [Fe/H] with respect to the WASP-13 discovery paper. The planetary parameters are then derived via the Monte Carlo Markov Chain modeling of the radial velocity and light curves, in iteration with stellar evolutionary models to derive realistic uncertainties. WASP-13 (1.187 {+-} 0.065 M{sub Sun }; 1.574 {+-} 0.048 R{sub Sun }) hosts a Saturn-mass, transiting planet (0.500 {+-} 0.037 M{sub Jup}; 1.407 {+-} 0.052 R{sub Jup}), and is at the end of its main-sequence lifetime (4-5.5 Gyr). Our analysis of WASP-13 showcases that both a detailed stellar characterization and transit modeling are necessary to well determine the fundamental properties of planetary systems, which are paramount in identifying and determining empirical relationships between transiting planets and their hosts.

Gomez Maqueo Chew, Yilen; Cargile, Phillip; Hebb, Leslie; Stassun, Keivan G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235 (United States); Faedi, Francesca; Pollacco, Don [Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom); Doyle, Amanda P.; Smalley, Barry [Astrophysics Group, Keele University, Staffordshire ST5 5BG (United Kingdom); Ghezzi, Luan; Cunha, Katia; Smith, Verne V. [Observatorio Nacional, Rua Gal. Jose Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400 (Brazil); Sousa, Sergio; Santos, Nuno C. [Centro de Astrofisica, Universidade do Porto, Rua das Estrelas, 4150-762 Porto (Portugal); Barros, Susana C. C. [LAM (Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille) UMR 7326, Aix Marseille Universite, CNRS, F-13388 Marseille (France); Schuler, Simon C. [Stewart Observatory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Collier Cameron, Andrew, E-mail: yilen.gomez@vanderbilt.edu [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9SS (United Kingdom)

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Effects of method of wheat streak mosaic virus transmission on the resistance of selected hosts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of these hybrids, which showed resistance to infection, were frequently reclassified as a susceptible host after reinoculation. The efficiency of transmission of WSMV to wheat by the mite, artist's airbrush, and carborundum rub inoculations were 49. 2, and 41... OF CONTENTS Chapter Page I INTRODUCTION II REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE III GENERAL MATERIALS AND METHODS Plant Materials Virus and Vector Virus Mite Transmission Carborundum rub Artist's airbrush Mite transmission 10 10 11 11 11 1. 2 12 12 13...

Cho, Han Yong

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Microstructural Features in Aged Erbium Tritide Foils  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Aged erbium tritide foil specimens are found to contain five distinctly different microstructural features. The general structure was of large columnar grains of ErT2. But on a fine scale, precipitates believed to be erbium oxy-tritides and helium bubbles could be identified. The precipitate size was in the range of ~10 nm and the bubbles were of an unusual planar shape on {111} planes with an invariant thickness of ~1 nm and a diameter on the order of 10 nm. Also, an outer layer containing no fine precipitate structure and only a few helium bubbles was present on foils. This layer is best described as a denuded zone which probably grew during aging in air. Finally, large embedded Er2O3 particles were found at low density and non-uniformly distributed, but sometimes extending through the thickness of the foil. A failure mechanism allowing the helium to escape is suggested by observed cracking between bubbles closer to end of life.

Gelles, David S.; Brewer, L. N.; Kotula, Paul G.; Cowgill, Donald F.; Busick, C. C.; Snow, C. S.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

SEECAL: Program to calculate age-dependent  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the computer program SEECAL, which calculates specific effective energies (SEE) to specified target regions for ages newborn, 1 y, 5 y, 10 y, 15 y, a 70-kg adult male, and a 58-kg adult female. The dosimetric methodology is that of the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) and is generally consistent with the schema of the Medical Internal Radiation Dose committee of the US Society of Nuclear Medicine. Computation of SEEs is necessary in the computation of equivalent dose rate in a target region, for occupational or public exposure to radionuclides taken into the body. Program SEECAL replaces the program SEE that was previously used by the Dosimetry Research Group at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The program SEE was used in the dosimetric calculations for occupational exposures for ICRP Publication 30 and is limited to adults. SEECAL was used to generate age-dependent SEEs for ICRP Publication 56, Part 1. SEECAL is also incorporated into DCAL, a radiation dose and risk calculational system being developed for the Environmental Protection Agency. Electronic copies of the program and data files and this report are available from the Radiation Shielding Information Center at Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

Cristy, M.; Eckerman, K.F.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Age Dating of Mixed SNM--Preliminary Investigations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently we investigated the nuclear forensics problem of age determination for mixed special nuclear material (SNM). Through limited computational mixing experiments and interactive age analysis, it was observed that age dating results are generally affected by the mixing of samples with different assays or even by small radioactive material contamination. The mixing and contamination can be detected through interactive age analysis, a function provided by the Decay Interaction, Visualization and Analysis (DIVA) software developed by NSTec. It is observed that for mixed SNM with two components, the age estimators typically fall into two distinct clusters on the time axis. This suggests that averaging or other simple statistical methods may not always be suitable for age dating SNM mixtures. Instead, an interactive age analysis would be more suitable for age determination of material components of such SNM mixtures. This work was supported by the National Center for Nuclear Security (NCNS).

Yuan, D., Guss, P. P., Yfantis, E., Klingensmith, A., Emer, D.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Managing Aging Effects on Dry Cask Storage Systems for Extended...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Managing Aging Effects on Dry Cask Storage Systems for Extended Long Term Storage and Transportation of Used Fuel Rev0 Managing Aging Effects on Dry Cask Storage Systems for...

410

Complexities in human herpesvirus-6A and -6B binding to host cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Human herpesvirus-6A and -6B uses the cellular receptor CD46 for fusion and infection of the host cell. The viral glycoprotein complex gH-gL from HHV-6A binds to the short consensus repeat 2 and 3 in CD46. Although all the major isoforms of CD46 bind the virus, certain isoforms may have higher affinity than others for the virus. Within recent years, elucidation of the viral complex has identified additional HHV-6A and -6B specific glycoproteins. Thus, gH-gL associates with a gQ1-gQ2 dimer to form a heterotetrameric complex. In addition, a novel complex consisting of gH-gL-gO has been described that does not bind CD46. Accumulating evidence suggests that an additional HHV-6A and -6B receptor exists. The previous simple picture of HHV-6A/B-host cell contact therefore includes more layers of complexities on both the viral and the host cell side of the interaction.

Pedersen, Simon Metz [Institute of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, The Bartholin Building, University of Aarhus, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Hoellsberg, Per [Institute of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, The Bartholin Building, University of Aarhus, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark)]. E-mail: ph@microbiology.au.dk

2006-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

411

A low-luminosity type-1 QSO sample: II. Overluminous host spheroidals or undermassive black holes?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recognizing the properties of the host galaxies of quasi-stellar objects (QSOs) is essential to understand the suspected coevolution of central supermassive black holes (BHs) and their host galaxies. We selected a subsample of the Hamburg/ESO survey for bright UV-excess QSOs, containing only the 99 nearest QSOs with redshift z<=0.06, that are close enough to allow detailed structural analysis. From this "low-luminosity type-1 QSO sample", we observed 20 galaxies and performed aperture photometry and bulge-disk-bar-AGN-decomposition with BUDDA on near-infrared J, H, K band images. From the photometric decomposition of these 20 objects and visual inspection of images of another 26, we find that ~50% of the hosts are disk galaxies and most of them (86%) are barred. Stellar masses, calculated from parametric models based on inactive galaxy colors, range from 2x10^9 M_sun to 2x10^11 M_sun. Black hole masses measured from single epoch spectroscopy range from 1x10^6 M_sun to 5x10^8 M_sun. In comparison to higher ...

Busch, Gerold; Valencia-S., Můnica; Moser, Lydia; Fischer, Sebastian; Eckart, Andreas; Scharwšchter, Julia; Gadotti, Dimitri A; Wisotzki, Lutz

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

The low-extinction afterglow in the solar-metallicity host galaxy of GRB 110918A  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Galaxies selected through long gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) could be of fundamental importance when mapping the star formation history out to the highest redshifts. Before using them as efficient tools in the early Universe, however, the environmental factors that govern the formation of GRBs need to be understood. Metallicity is theoretically thought to be a fundamental driver in GRB explosions and energetics, but is still, even after more than a decade of extensive studies, not fully understood. This is largely related to two phenomena: a dust-extinction bias, that prevented high-mass and thus likely high-metallicity GRB hosts to be detected in the first place, and a lack of efficient instrumentation, that limited spectroscopic studies including metallicity measurements to the low-redshift end of the GRB host population. The subject of this work is the very energetic GRB 110918A, for which we measure one of the largest host-integrated metallicities, ever, and the highest stellar mass for z<1.9. This presents ...

Elliott, J; Greiner, J; Savaglio, S; E., F Olivares; Rau, A; Postigo, A de Ugarte; SŠnchez-RamŪrez, R; Wiersema, K; Schady, P; Kann, D A; Filgas, R; Nardini, M; Berger, E; Fox, D; Gorosabel, J; Klose, S; Levan, A; Guelbenzu, A Nicuesa; Rossi, A; Schmidl, S; Sudilovsky, V; Tanvir, N R; ThŲne, C C

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Star formation in z>1 3CR host galaxies as seen by Herschel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present Herschel (PACS and SPIRE) far-infrared (FIR) photometry of a complete sample of z>1 3CR sources, from the Herschel GT project The Herschel Legacy of distant radio-loud AGN (PI: Barthel). Combining these with existing Spitzer photometric data, we perform an infrared (IR) spectral energy distribution (SED) analysis of these landmark objects in extragalactic research to study the star formation in the hosts of some of the brightest active galactic nuclei (AGN) known at any epoch. Accounting for the contribution from an AGN-powered warm dust component to the IR SED, about 40% of our objects undergo episodes of prodigious, ULIRG-strength star formation, with rates of hundreds of solar masses per year, coeval with the growth of the central supermassive black hole. Median SEDs imply that the quasar and radio galaxy hosts have similar FIR properties, in agreement with the orientation-based unification for radio-loud AGN. The star-forming properties of the AGN hosts are similar to those of the general popul...

Podigachoski, P; Haas, M; Leipski, C; Wilkes, B; Kuraszkiewicz, J; Westhues, C; Willner, S P; Ashby, M L N; Chini, R; Clements, D L; Fazio, G G; Labiano, A; Lawrence, C; Meisenheimer, K; Peletier, R F; Siebenmorgen, R; Kleijn, G Verdoes

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

CONSTRAINTS ON OBSCURED STAR FORMATION IN HOST GALAXIES OF GAMMA-RAY BURSTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the results of the 16 cm wave band continuum observations of four host galaxies of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) 990705, 021211, 041006, and 051022 using the Australia Telescope Compact Array. Radio emission was not detected in any of the host galaxies. The 2{sigma} upper limits on star formation rates derived from the radio observations of the host galaxies are 23, 45, 27, and 26 M{sub Sun} yr{sup -1}, respectively, which are less than about 10 times those derived from UV/optical observations, suggesting that they have no significant dust-obscured star formation. GRBs 021211 and 051022 are known as the so-called dark GRBs and our results imply that dark GRBs do not always occur in galaxies enshrouded by dust. Because large dust extinction was not observed in the afterglow of GRB 021211, our result suggests the possibility that the cause of the dark GRB is the intrinsic faintness of the optical afterglow. On the other hand, by considering the high column density observed in the afterglow of GRB 051022, the likely cause of the dark GRB is the dust extinction in the line of sight of the GRB.

Hatsukade, Bunyo; Ohta, Kouji [Department of Astronomy, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Hashimoto, Tetsuya; Nakanishi, Kouichiro [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Tamura, Yoichi; Kohno, Kotaro, E-mail: hatsukade@kusastro.kyoto-u.ac.jp [Institute of Astronomy, the University of Tokyo, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-0015 (Japan)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Characterization of thermal aging of duplex stainless steel by SQUID  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermal aging is a growing concern for long-term-aged duplex stainless steel piping in nuclear power plants. Superconducting QUantum Interference Device (SQUID) was used for the detection of thermal aging of SUS329 rolled duplex stainless steel and SCS16 cast duplex stainless steel. It was found that the SQUID output signal pattern in the presence of AC magnetic field applied to the specimen was sensitive to the changes in electromagnetic properties due to thermal aging.

Isobe, Y.; Kamimura, A.; Aoki, K.; Nakayasu, F. [Nuclear Fuel Industries, Ltd., Osaka (Japan)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

AGE: a distributed environment for creating interactive animations of graphs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

com- munication domain. Standard routines, which we shall refer to as the AGE client primitives, that read snd write AGE messages to and from the socket, and routines that create and interpret AGE messages have been developed and are available... for use by those wishing to code a client program (refer to Appendix C). While most requirements for the environment desired are fulfilled by the AGE server, itself, some facilities are supplied by clients, namely, scripts, view broadcasting...

Veatch, Timothy Richard

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

The 2008 Harvard / Paul F. Glenn Symposium on Aging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of aging such as diabetes, cancer, Alzheimer's and heart disease. Thus, a major goal in the coming years

Church, George M.

418

The 2007 Harvard / Paul F. Glenn Symposium on Aging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are regulated, leading to novel medicines to forestall and treat diseases of aging such as diabetes, cancer

Church, George M.

419

The 2009 Harvard / Paul F. Glenn Symposium on Aging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of aging such as diabetes, cancer, Alzheimer's and heart disease. Thus, a major goal in the coming years

Church, George M.

420

Host Genetic Control of the Microbiome in Humans and Maise or Relating Host Genetic Variation to the Microbiome (2011 JGI User Meeting)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (JGI) invited scientists interested in the application of genomics to bioenergy and environmental issues, as well as all current and prospective users and collaborators, to attend the annual DOE JGI Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting held March 22-24, 2011 in Walnut Creek, Calif. The emphasis of this meeting was on the genomics of renewable energy strategies, carbon cycling, environmental gene discovery, and engineering of fuel-producing organisms. The meeting features presentations by leading scientists advancing these topics. Ruth Ley of Cornell University gives a presentation on "Relating Host Genetic Variation to the Microbiome" at the 6th annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting on March 23, 2011.

Ley, Ruth [Cornell University] [Cornell University

2011-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volcanic age host" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Host Genetic Control of the Microbiome in Humans and Maise or Relating Host Genetic Variation to the Microbiome (2011 JGI User Meeting)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (JGI) invited scientists interested in the application of genomics to bioenergy and environmental issues, as well as all current and prospective users and collaborators, to attend the annual DOE JGI Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting held March 22-24, 2011 in Walnut Creek, Calif. The emphasis of this meeting was on the genomics of renewable energy strategies, carbon cycling, environmental gene discovery, and engineering of fuel-producing organisms. The meeting features presentations by leading scientists advancing these topics. Ruth Ley of Cornell University gives a presentation on "Relating Host Genetic Variation to the Microbiome" at the 6th annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting on March 23, 2011.

Ley, Ruth [Cornell University

2011-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

422

Virtual Age: Enabling Technologies and Trends Hamid Mahmoodi 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This much-needed breakthrough manifested itself in the form of the industrial revolution. Industrial revolution signaled the end of the Agricultural Age and moved the human society forward towards the Industrial Age which lasted for about 500 years. In this age, great inventions, such as, the steam engine

Mahmoodi, Hamid

423

FUNCTIONAL ESTIMATION FOR A MULTICOMPONENT AGE REPLACEMENT MODEL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 FUNCTIONAL ESTIMATION FOR A MULTICOMPONENT AGE REPLACEMENT MODEL Pierre L'Ecuyer, Benoit Martin, controlled by a replacement rule based on age thresholds. We show how to estimate the expected cost­ generative simulation, maintenance models, age replacement policies. #12; 2 L'ECUYER, MARTIN, AND V ' AZQUEZ

L'Ecuyer, Pierre

424

FUNCTIONAL ESTIMATION FOR A MULTICOMPONENT AGE REPLACEMENT MODEL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FUNCTIONAL ESTIMATION FOR A MULTICOMPONENT AGE REPLACEMENT MODEL Pierre L'Ecuyer, Benoit Martin, controlled by a replacement rule based on age thresholds. We show how to estimate the expected cost­ generative simulation, maintenance models, age replacement policies. #12; L'ECUYER, MARTIN, AND V ' AZQUEZ

V√°zquez-Abad, Felisa J.

425

Dark Energy in the Dark Ages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Non-negligible dark energy density at high redshifts would indicate dark energy physics distinct from a cosmological constant or ``reasonable'' canonical scalar fields. Such dark energy can be constrained tightly through investigation of the growth of structure, with limits of \\la2% of total energy density at z\\gg1 for many models. Intermediate dark energy can have effects distinct from its energy density; the dark ages acceleration can be constrained to last less than 5% of a Hubble e-fold time, exacerbating the coincidence problem. Both the total linear growth, or equivalently \\sigma_8, and the shape and evolution of the nonlinear mass power spectrum for zenergy behavior over the entire range z=0-1100.

Eric V. Linder

2006-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

426

Ageing of Natural Rubber under Stress  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report a dynamical-mechanical study of stress relaxation at small deformation in a natural (polyisoprene) rubber well above its glass transition temperature Tg. We find that an almost complete relaxation of stress takes place over very long periods of time, even though the elastic network integrity is fully retained. The relaxation rate and the long-time equilibrium modulus are sensitive functions of temperature which do not follow time-temperature superposition. Many characteristic features of non-ergodic ageing response are apparent at both short and very long times. We interpret the observed behaviour in terms of the properties of rubber crosslinks, capable of isomerisation under stress, and relate the results to recent models of soft glassy rheology.

S. M. Clarke; F. Elias; E. M. Terentjev

2000-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

427

Evaluation of aging degradation of structural components  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Irradiation embrittlement of the neutron shield tank (NST) A212 Grade B steel from the Shippingport reactor, as well as thermal embrittlement of CF-8 cast stainless steel components from the Shippingport and KRB reactors, has been characterized. Increases in Charpy transition temperature (CTT), yield stress, and hardness of the NST material in the low-temperature low-flux environment are consistent with the test reactor data for irradiations at < 232{degrees}C. The shift in CTT is not as severe as that observed in surveillance samples from the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR): however, it shows very good agreement with the results for HFIR A212-B steel irradiated in the Oak Ridge Research Reactor. The results indicate that fluence rate has not effect on radiation embrittlement at rates as low as 2 {times} 10{sup 8} n/cm{sup 2}{center_dot}s at the low operating temperature of the Shippingport NST, i.e., 55{degrees}C. This suggest that radiation damage in Shippingport NST and HFIR surveillance samples may be different because of the neutron spectra and/or Cu and Ni content of the two materials. Cast stainless steel components show relatively modest decreases in fracture toughness and Charpy-impact properties and a small increase in tensile strength. Correlations for estimating mechanical properties of cast stainless steels predict accurate or slightly conservative values for Charpy-impact energy, tensile flow stress, fracture toughness J-R curve, and J{sub IC} of the materials. The kinetics of thermal embrittlement and degree of embrittlement at saturation, i.e., the minimum impact energy achieved after long-term aging, were established from materials that were aged further in the laboratory. The results were consistent with the estimates. The correlations successfully predict the mechanical properties of the Ringhals 2 reactor hot- and crossover-leg elbows (CF-8M steel) after service of {approx}15 y.

Chopra, O.K.; Shack, W.J.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Evaluation of aging degradation of structural components  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Irradiation embrittlement of the neutron shield tank (NST) A212 Grade B steel from the Shippingport reactor, as well as thermal embrittlement of CF-8 cast stainless steel components from the Shippingport and KRB reactors, has been characterized. Increases in Charpy transition temperature (CTT), yield stress, and hardness of the NST material in the low-temperature low-flux environment are consistent with the test reactor data for irradiations at < 232{degrees}C. The shift in CTT is not as severe as that observed in surveillance samples from the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR): however, it shows very good agreement with the results for HFIR A212-B steel irradiated in the Oak Ridge Research Reactor. The results indicate that fluence rate has not effect on radiation embrittlement at rates as low as 2 {times} 10{sup 8} n/cm{sup 2}{center dot}s at the low operating temperature of the Shippingport NST, i.e., 55{degrees}C. This suggest that radiation damage in Shippingport NST and HFIR surveillance samples may be different because of the neutron spectra and/or Cu and Ni content of the two materials. Cast stainless steel components show relatively modest decreases in fracture toughness and Charpy-impact properties and a small increase in tensile strength. Correlations for estimating mechanical properties of cast stainless steels predict accurate or slightly conservative values for Charpy-impact energy, tensile flow stress, fracture toughness J-R curve, and J{sub IC} of the materials. The kinetics of thermal embrittlement and degree of embrittlement at saturation, i.e., the minimum impact energy achieved after long-term aging, were established from materials that were aged further in the laboratory. The results were consistent with the estimates. The correlations successfully predict the mechanical properties of the Ringhals 2 reactor hot- and crossover-leg elbows (CF-8M steel) after service of {approx}15 y.

Chopra, O.K.; Shack, W.J.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Aging management guideline for commercial nuclear power plants - heat exchangers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Aging Management Guideline (AMG) describes recommended methods for effective detection and mitigation of age-related degradation mechanisms in commercial nuclear power plant heat exchangers important to license renewal. The intent of this AMG is to assist plant maintenance and operations personnel in maximizing the safe, useful life of these components. It also supports the documentation of effective aging management programs required under the License Renewal Rule 10 CFR 54. This AMG is presented in a manner that allows personnel responsible for performance analysis and maintenance to compare their plant-specific aging mechanisms (expected or already experienced) and aging management program activities to the more generic results and recommendations presented herein.

Booker, S.; Lehnert, D.; Daavettila, N.; Palop, E.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Near-Infrared Observations of Globular Clusters in NGC 4472, NGC 4594, NGC 3585 and NGC 5813 and Implications for their Ages and Metallicities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present near-infrared photometry of the globular cluster systems of the early-type galaxies NGC 4472, NGC 4594, NGC 3585, and NGC 5813. We combine these near-infrared data, obtained with PANIC at the Magellan Baade 6.5m telescope, with archival optical HST and FORS/VLT data, and use the optical to near-infrared colors to constrain the ages and metallicities of the globular clusters around the target galaxies. For NGC 4472 we have the most extensive near-infrared and optical photometric dataset. These colors show that the NGC 4472 globular cluster system has a broad metallicity distribution and that the clusters are predominantly old (i.e. ages of about 10 Gyr or more). This result agrees well with earlier spectroscopic work on NGC 4472, and is evidence that the combination of optical to near-infrared colors can identify predominantly old systems and distinguish these from systems with a substantial intermediate age component. Based on the smaller sample of combined optical and near-infrared data NGC 4594 and NGC 3585 appear to have predominantly old globular cluster systems, while that of NGC 5813 may have a more significant age spread. We also match our sample of globular clusters with near-infrared and optical photometry to Chandra X-ray source detections in these galaxies, and discuss how the probability that a globular cluster hosts a low-mass X-ray binary depends on metallicity and age.

Maren Hempel; Steve Zepf; Arunav Kundu; Doug Geisler; Thomas J. Maccarone

2007-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

431

Phylogenetic relationships, host affinity, and geographic structure of boreal and arctic endophytes from three major plant lineages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phylogenetic relationships, host affinity, and geographic structure of boreal and arctic endophytes Although associated with all plants, fungal endophytes (microfungi that live within healthy plant tissues, or phylogenetic relationships. We surveyed endophytic Ascomycota from healthy photosyn- thetic tissues of three

Arnold, A. Elizabeth

432

Chloroplast symbiosis: organization and expression of chloroplast genes and maintenance of chloroplast activity in a foreign host  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

blotting with a V. litorea intergenic transcribed spacer (ITS) probe disproved the presence of any whole algal nuclei or nucleomorph in the host sea slug. This suggested the maintenance of algal chloroplast activity may be due to the high autonomy...

Li, Wei-Ye

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

433

Detailed search US supports Japanese bid to host ITER as France urges Europe to go it alone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

support of his country for the Japanese bid to host the international thermonuclear site (ITER thermonuclear site if the French candidate is not selected for the international project. However

434

Effect of pretreating of host oil on coprocessing. Quarterly progress report, July 1, 1993--September 30, 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The principal objective of this research is to gain information on the role that host petroleum-derived oils (1000F+), as well as that of catalytically treated host oils, play when used as liquefaction solvents in coprocessing with coal. The host oil will be extensively characterized and then pretreated in a number of ways which involve catalytic reactions such as hydrogenation, hydrocracking, and isomerization. The pretreated oils will then be characterized by elemental analysis, catalytic dehydrogenation, distillation, GC-MS, and NMR. The effects of the host oil on coprocessing with coal will be compared to those obtained using catalytically modified heavy oils. When appropriate, model compounds will be used to study specific reactions brought about by the pretreatments.

Wender, I.; Tierney, J.W.

1993-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

435

Effects of two naphthoquinone compounds on wheat seedlings, germination of urediospores of Puccinia graminis tritici and the host parasite relationship  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFFECTS OF TWO NAPHTHOQUINONE COMPOUNDS ON WHEAT SEEDLINGS, GERMINATION OF UREDIOSPORES OF PUCCINIA GRAMINIS TRITICI AND THE HOST PARASITE RELATIONSHIP A thesis Enrique Rodrigues Campos Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas Ak... TRITICI AND THE HOST PARASITE RELATIONSHIP A thesis by Enrique Rodriguez Campos Approved. as to style and content by: Ch irman of Committee omm tee Member o ittee ember Committee Member ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The author wishes to acknowledge Dr. Maurice...

Rodriguez Campos, Enrique

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Dynamic interplay between spin-crossover and host-guest function in a nanoporous metal-organic framework material.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nanoporous metal-organic framework [Fe(pz)Ni(CN){sub 4}], 1 (where pz is pyrazine), exhibits hysteretic spin-crossover at ambient conditions and is robust to the adsorption and desorption of a wide range of small molecular guests, both gases (N{sub 2}, O{sub 2}, CO{sub 2}) and vapors (methanol, ethanol, acetone, acetonitrile, and toluene). Through the comprehensive analysis of structure, host-guest properties, and spin-crossover behaviors, it is found that this pillared Hofmann system uniquely displays both guest-exchange-induced changes to spin-crossover and spin-crossover-induced changes to host-guest properties, with direct dynamic interplay between these two phenomena. Guest desorption and adsorption cause pronounced changes to the spin-crossover behavior according to a systematic trend in which larger guests stabilize the high-spin state and therefore depress the spin-crossover temperature of the host lattice. When stabilizing the alternate spin state of the host at any given temperature, these processes directly stimulate the spin-crossover process, providing a chemisensing function. Exploitation of the bistability of the host allows the modification of adsorption properties at a fixed temperature through control of the host spin state, with each state shown to display differing chemical affinities to guest sorption. Guest desorption then adsorption, and vice versa, can be used to switch between spin states in the bistable temperature region, adding a guest-dependent memory effect to this system.

Southon, P. D.; Liu, L.; Fellows, E. A.; Price, D. J.; Halder, G. J.; Chapman, K. W.; Moubaraki, B.; Murray, K. S.; Letard, J.F.; Kepert, C. J.; Univ. Sydney; Monash Univ.; Universite Bordeaux

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

The Connection among Gamma-ray Burst Host-Galaxies, BL Lacs and Quasars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A possible connection among host-galaxies of gamma-ray bursts, BL Lacs and quasars is analysed. It is believed that the gamma-ray bursts, which do not show radio or infrared emission, occur in faint blue dwarf galaxies, that are seen around radio-quiet quasars, which lie in clusters. The GRB counterparts, which show radio emission, may be associated with more evolved starbursting environments, and arise from red galaxies, that are observed around some radio-loud quasars lying in richer clusters. The absorption lines are believed to arise from gases, that move in the intergalactic medium, due to tidal interactions occuring among the compact galaxies in the cluster environment. The connections between intra-day variable BL Lac-blazars and radio emitting gamma-ray hosts are also studied. The hosts of gamma-ray bursts, BL Lacs and quasars are believed to represent different evolutionary phases of a particular type of galaxy with a "twisted" morphology. They mostly occur in star formation environments and evolve from a galaxy possessing no AGN, but consisting of very massive young stellar sytems, to galaxies possessing developed AGNs, like in quasars, whose gas content have been exhausted in giving birth to the stars at the AGN core. In between these two phases, these galaxies may pass through the state of the red objects, which contain a new born quasar hidden under dust.This evolutionary history of the morphologies and the environment, where GRBs may occur is believed to be related to the process of formation of galaxies and large scale structures. Moreover, the starbursting peaks at different redshifts may indicate a universe that is different from the standard cosmolgy.

A. Rej

1999-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

438

The statistical investigation of type Ib/c and II supernovae and their host galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This is a statistical study of the properties of type Ib/c and II supernovae and of the integral parameters of their spiral host galaxies. The methods of one-dimensional and multivariate statistics were applied to the data sample. It was found that the Ib/c supernovae are more concentrated radially toward the centers of the galaxies than those of type II. The distributions of the radial distances R(SN)/R(25) for the type Ib/c and II supernovae in active galaxies are more concentrated toward the center than in normal galaxies. This effect is stronger for type Ib/c than for type II supernovae.

A. A. Hakobyan

2008-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

439

NERSC Hosts HS Students on Job Shadow Day- NERSC Center News, Mar 15, 2011  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challengeMultiscale SubsurfaceExascalePhase-1 HPSSALCF Hosts

440

Y-12 hosts visit from directors of weapons labs | Y-12 National Security  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered energy consumption byAbout SRNL Home SRNL mainEmployeesresearchComplex hosts

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volcanic age host" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

U.S. Department of Energy Hosts Booth at WINDPOWER | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up from theDepartment of EnergyTheDepartmentFeed Families" |HydrogenHosts Booth

442

Jefferson Lab hosts two World Year of Physics events in March | Jefferson  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfraredJefferson LabJefferson Lab educational,Lab hosts two World

443

LIGA microsystems aging : evaluation and mitigation.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The deployment of LIGA structures in DP applications requires a thorough understanding of potential long term physical and chemical changes that may occur during service. While these components are generally fabricated from simple metallic systems such as copper, nickel and nickel alloys, the electroplating process used to form them creates microstructural features which differ from those found in conventional (e.g. ingot metallurgy) processing of such materials. Physical changes in non-equilibrium microstructures may occur due to long term exposure to temperatures sufficient to permit atomic and vacancy mobility. Chemical changes, particularly at the surfaces of LIGA parts, may occur in the presence of gaseous chemical species (e.g. water vapor, HE off-gassing compounds) and contact with other metallic structures. In this study, we have characterized the baseline microstructure of several nickel-based materials that are used to fabricate LIGA structures. Solute content and distribution was found to have a major effect on the electroplated microstructures. Microstructural features were correlated to measurements of hardness and tensile strength. Dormancy testing was conducted on one of the baseline compositions, nickel-sulfamate. Groups of specimens were exposed to controlled thermal cycles; subsequent examinations compared properties of 'aged' specimens to the baseline conditions. Results of our testing indicate that exposure to ambient temperatures (-54 C to 71 C) do not result in microstructural changes that might be expected to significantly effect mechanical performance. Additionally, no localized changes in surface appearance were found as a result of contact between electroplated parts.

Cadden, Charles H.; Yang, Nancy Y. C.; San Marchi, Christopher W.

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Aging and weathering of cool roofing membranes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Aging and weathering can reduce the solar reflectance of cool roofing materials. This paper summarizes laboratory measurements of the solar spectral reflectance of unweathered, weathered, and cleaned samples collected from single-ply roofing membranes at various sites across the United States. Fifteen samples were examined in each of the following six conditions: unweathered; weathered; weathered and brushed; weathered, brushed and then rinsed with water; weathered, brushed, rinsed with water, and then washed with soap and water; and weathered, brushed, rinsed with water, washed with soap and water, and then washed with an algaecide. Another 25 samples from 25 roofs across the United States and Canada were measured in their unweathered state, weathered, and weathered and wiped. We document reduction in reflectivity resulted from various soiling mechanisms and provide data on the effectiveness of various cleaning approaches. Results indicate that although the majority of samples after being washed with detergent could be brought to within 90% of their unweathered reflectivity, in some instances an algaecide was required to restore this level of reflectivity.

Akbari, Hashem; Berhe, Asmeret A.; Levinson, Ronnen; Graveline,Stanley; Foley, Kevin; Delgado, Ana H.; Paroli, Ralph M.

2005-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

445

E-Print Network 3.0 - aging glassy systems Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

shear melting and aging experiments... was the first to term this phenomenon as phy- sical aging 26, 29, 30. Aging in glassy materials contin- ues... at that tempera-...

446

Chelation: A Fundamental Mechanism of Action of AGE Inhibitors, AGE Breakers, and Other Inhibitors of Diabetes Complications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Advanced glycation or glycoxidation end-products (AGE) increase in tissue proteins with age, and their rate of accumulation is increased in diabetes, nephropathy and inflammatory diseases. AGE inhibitors include a range of compounds that are proposed to act by trapping carbonyl and dicarbonyl intermediates in AGE formation. However, some among the newer generation of AGE inhibitors lack reactive functional groups that would trap reaction intermediates, indicating an alternative mechanism of action. We propose that AGE inhibitors function primarily as chelators, inhibiting metal-catalyzed oxidation reactions. The AGE-inhibitory activity of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers is also consistent with their chelating activity. Finally, compounds described as AGE breakers, or their hydrolysis products, also have strong chelating activity, suggesting that these compounds also act through their chelating activity. We conclude that chelation is the common, and perhaps the primary, mechanism of action of AGE inhibitors and breakers, and that chronic, mild chelation therapy should prove useful in treatment of diabetes and age-related diseases characterized by oxidative stress, inflammation and increased chemical modification of tissue proteins by advanced glycoxidation and lipoxidation end-products.

Nagai, Rhoji; Murray, David B.; Metz, Thomas O.; Baynes, John

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

REVISITING THE FIRST GALAXIES: THE EFFECTS OF POPULATION III STARS ON THEIR HOST GALAXIES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We revisit the formation and evolution of the first galaxies using new hydrodynamic cosmological simulations with the adaptive refinement tree code. Our simulations feature a recently developed model for H{sub 2} formation and dissociation, and a star formation recipe that is based on molecular rather than atomic gas. Here, we develop and implement a recipe for the formation of metal-free Population III (Pop III) stars in galaxy-scale simulations that resolve primordial clouds with sufficiently high density. We base our recipe on the results of prior zoom-in simulations that resolved the protostellar collapse in pre-galactic objects. We find the epoch during which Pop III stars dominated the energy and metal budget of the first galaxies to be short-lived. Galaxies that host Pop III stars do not retain dynamical signatures of their thermal and radiative feedback for more than 10{sup 8} years after the lives of the stars end in pair-instability supernovae, even when we consider the maximum reasonable efficiency of the feedback. Though metals ejected by the supernovae can travel well beyond the virial radius of the host galaxy, they typically begin to fall back quickly, and do not enrich a large fraction of the intergalactic medium. Galaxies with a total mass in excess of 3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 6} M{sub Sun} re-accrete most of their baryons and transition to metal-enriched Pop II star formation.

Muratov, Alexander L.; Gnedin, Oleg Y.; Zemp, Marcel [Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Gnedin, Nickolay Y., E-mail: muratov@umich.edu [Particle Astrophysics Center, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL 60510 (United States)

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

The APOGEE Spectroscopic Survey of Kepler Planet Hosts: Feasibility, Efficiency, and First Results  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Kepler mission has yielded a large number of planet candidates from among the Kepler Objects of Interest (KOIs), but spectroscopic follow-up of these relatively faint stars is a serious bottleneck in confirming and characterizing these systems. We present motivation and survey design for an ongoing project with the SDSS-III multiplexed APOGEE near-infrared spectrograph to monitor hundreds of KOI host stars. We report some of our first results using representative targets from our sample, which include current planet candidates that we find to be false positives, as well as candidates listed as false positives that we do not find to be spectroscopic binaries. With this survey, KOI hosts are observed over ~20 epochs at a radial velocity precision of 100-200 m/s. These observations can easily identify a majority of false positives caused by physically-associated stellar or substellar binaries, and in many cases, fully characterize their orbits. We demonstrate that APOGEE is capable of achieving RV precision ...

Fleming, Scott W; Deshpande, Rohit; Bender, Chad F; Terrien, Ryan C; Marchwinski, Robert C; Wang, Ji; Roy, Arpita; Stassun, Keivan G; Prieto, Carlos Allende; Cunha, Katia; Smith, Verne V; Agol, Eric; Ak, Hasan; Bastien, Fabienne A; Bizyaev, Dmitry; Crepp, Justin R; Ford, Eric B; Frinchaboy, Peter M; GarcŪa-HernŠndez, Domingo AnŪbal; Pťrez, Ana Elia GarcŪa; Gaudi, B Scott; Ge, Jian; Hearty, Fred; Ma, Bo; Majewski, Steve R; MťszŠros, Szabolcs; Nidever, David L; Pan, Kaike; Pepper, Joshua; Pinsonneault, Marc H; Schiavon, Ricardo P; Schneider, Donald P; Wilson, John C; Zamora, Olga; Zasowski, Gail

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Precision Measurement of the Decay Rate of 7Be in Host Materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A controlled and precise determination of the cross-sections of the fusion reactions 7Be(p,gamma)8B and 3He(4He,gamma)7Be, which play an important role in determining the solar neutrino flux, necessitates the knowledge of a precise value of the electron-capture half-life of 7Be. This half-life may depend on the material hosting the 7Be atoms via small modifications of the electron density around the 7Be nucleus. In this brief communication we report on the measurement of 7Be implanted in four materials: copper, aluminum, sapphire and PVC. The four results are consistent with a null host dependence within two standard deviations and their weighted average of 53.236(39)d agrees very well with the adopted value in the literature, 53.22(6)d. The present results may exhibit a slight (0.22%) increase of the half-life at room temperature for metals compared to insulators that requires further studies.

Y. Nir-El; G. Haquin; Z. Yungreiss; M. Hass; G. Goldring; S. K. Chamoli; B. S. Nara Singh; S. Lakshmi; U. Koester; N. Champault; A. Dorsival; G. Georgiev; V. N. Fedoseyev; B. A. Marsh; D. Schumann; G. Heidenreich; S. Teichmann

2006-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

450

Cyber-Physical System Security With Deceptive Virtual Hosts for Industrial Control Networks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A challenge facing industrial control network administrators is protecting the typically large number of connected assets for which they are responsible. These cyber devices may be tightly coupled with the physical processes they control and human induced failures risk dire real-world consequences. Dynamic virtual honeypots are effective tools for observing and attracting network intruder activity. This paper presents a design and implementation for self-configuring honeypots that passively examine control system network traffic and actively adapt to the observed environment. In contrast to prior work in the field, six tools were analyzed for suitability of network entity information gathering. Ettercap, an established network security tool not commonly used in this capacity, outperformed the other tools and was chosen for implementation. Utilizing Ettercap XML output, a novel four-step algorithm was developed for autonomous creation and update of a Honeyd configuration. This algorithm was tested on an existing small campus grid and sensor network by execution of a collaborative usage scenario. Automatically created virtual hosts were deployed in concert with an anomaly behavior (AB) system in an attack scenario. Virtual hosts were automatically configured with unique emulated network stack behaviors for 92% of the targeted devices. The AB system alerted on 100% of the monitored emulated devices.

T. Vollmer; M. Manic

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

ALFALFA HI Data Stacking II. HI content of the host galaxies of AGN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use a stacking technique to measure the average HI content of a volume-limited sample of 1871 AGN host galaxies from a parent sample of galaxies selected from the SDSS and GALEX imaging surveys with stellar masses greater than 10^10 M_sun and redshifts in the range 0.025ALFALFA) survey. In previous work, we found that the HI gas fraction in galaxies correlates most strongly with the combination of optical/UV colour and stellar surface mass density. We therefore build a control sample of non-AGN matched to the AGN hosts in these two properties. We study trends in HI gas mass fraction (M(HI)/M_*), where M_* is the stellar mass) as a function of black hole accretion rate indicator L[OIII]/M(BH). We find no significant difference in HI content between AGN and control samples at all values of black hole accretion rate probed by the galaxies in our sample. This indicates that AGN do not influence the large-scale gaseous properties of galaxie...

Fabello, S; Catinella, B; Giovanelli, R; Haynes, M P; Heckman, T M; Schiminovich, D

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

HD 46375: seismic and spectropolarimetric analysis of a young Sun hosting a Saturn-like planet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HD 46375 is known to host a Saturn-like exoplanet orbiting at 0.04 AU from its host star. Stellar light reflected by the planet was tentatively identified in the 34-day CoRoT run acquired in October-November 2008. We constrain the properties of the magnetic field of HD 46375 based on spectropolarimetric observations with the NARVAL spectrograph at the Pic du Midi observatory. In addition, we use a high-resolution NARVAL flux spectrum to contrain the atmospheric parameters. With these constraints, we perform an asteroseismic analysis and modelling of HD 46375 using the frequencies extracted from the CoRoT light curve. We used Zeeman Doppler imaging to reconstruct the magnetic map of the stellar surface. In the spectroscopic analysis we fitted isolated lines using 1D LTE atmosphere models. This analysis was used to constrain the effective temperature, surface gravity, and chemical composition of the star. To extract information about the p-mode oscillations, we used a technique based on the envelope autocorrela...

Gaulme, P; Weiss, W W; Mosser, B; Moutou, C; Bruntt, H; Donati, J -F; Vannier, M; Guillot, T; Appourchaux, T; Michel, E; Auvergne, M; Samadi, R; Baudin, F; Catala, C; Baglin, A; 10.1051/0004-6361/201014142

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

The planetary system host HR\\,8799: On its $\\lambda$ Bootis nature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HR\\,8799 is a $\\lambda$ Bootis, $\\gamma$ Doradus star hosting a planetary system and a debris disk with two rings. This makes this system a very interesting target for asteroseismic studies. This work is devoted to the determination of the internal metallicity of this star, linked with its $\\lambda$ Bootis nature (i.e., solar surface abundances of light elements, and subsolar surface abundances of heavy elements), taking advantage of its $\\gamma$ Doradus pulsations. This is the most accurate way to obtain this information, and this is the first time such a study is performed for a planetary-system-host star. We have used the equilibrium code CESAM and the non-adiabatic pulsational code GraCo. We have applied the Frequency Ratio Method (FRM) and the Time Dependent Convection theory (TDC) to estimate the mode identification, the Brunt-Va\\"is\\"al\\"a frequency integral and the mode instability, making the selection of the possible models. When the non-seismological constraints (i.e its position in the HR diagram)...

Moya, A; Barrado, D; HernŠndez, A GarcŪa; Aberasturi, M; Montesinos, B; Aceituno, F

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Constraining the properties of AGN host galaxies with Spectral Energy Distribution modeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[abridged] We use the latest release of CIGALE, a galaxy SED fitting model relying on energy balance, to study the influence of an AGN in estimating both the SFR and stellar mass in galaxies, as well as the contribution of the AGN to the power output of the host. Using the galaxy formation SAM GALFORM, we create mock galaxy SEDs using realistic star formation histories (SFH) and add an AGN of Type 1, Type 2, or intermediate type whose contribution to the bolometric luminosity can be variable. We perform an SED fitting of these catalogues with CIGALE assuming three different SFHs: a single- and double-exponentially-decreasing, and a delayed SFH. Constraining thecontribution of an AGN to the LIR (fracAGN) is very challenging for fracAGN<20%, with uncertainties of ~5-30% for higher fractions depending on the AGN type, while FIR and sub-mm are essential. The AGN power has an impact on the estimation of $M_*$ in Type 1 and intermediate type AGNs but has no effect for galaxies hosting Type 2 AGNs. We find that i...

Ciesla, L; Georgakakis, A; Bernhard, E; Mitchell, P D; Buat, V; Elbaz, D; Floc'h, E Le; Lacey, C G; Magdis, G E; Xilouris, M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Far-infrared observations of an unbiased sample of gamma-ray burst host galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are the most energetic phenomena in the Universe; believed to result from the collapse and subsequent explosion of massive stars. Even though it has profound consequences for our understanding of their nature and selection biases, little is known about the dust properties of the galaxies hosting GRBs. We present analysis of the far-infrared properties of an unbiased sample of 21 GRB host galaxies (at an average redshift of $z\\,=\\,3.1$) located in the {\\it Herschel} Astrophysical Terahertz Large Area Survey (H-ATLAS), the {\\it Herschel} Virgo Cluster Survey (HeViCS), the {\\it Herschel} Fornax Cluster Survey (HeFoCS), the {\\it Herschel} Stripe 82 Survey (HerS) and the {\\it Herschel} Multi-tiered Extragalactic Survey (HerMES), totalling $880$ deg$^2$, or $\\sim 3$\\% of the sky in total. Our sample selection is serendipitous, based only on whether the X-ray position of a GRB lies within a large-scale {\\it Herschel} survey -- therefore our sample can be considered completely unbiased. Using ...

Kohn, Saul A; Bourne, Nathan; Baes, Maarten; Fritz, Jacopo; Cooray, Asantha; De Looze, Ilse; De Zotti, Gianfranco; Dannerbauer, Helmut; Dunne, Loretta; Dye, Simon; Eales, Stephen; Furlanetto, Cristina; Gonzalez-Nuevo, Joaquin; Ibar, Edo; Ivison, Rob J; Maddox, Steve J; Scott, Douglas; Smith, Daniel J B; Smith, Matthew W L; Symeonidis, Myrto; Valiante, Elisabetta

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Proton Mediated Chemistry and Catalysis in a Self-Assembled Supramolecular Host  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Synthetic supramolecular host assemblies can impart unique reactivity to encapsulated guest molecules. Synthetic host molecules have been developed to carry out complex reactions within their cavities, despite the fact that they lack the type of specifically tailored functional groups normally located in the analogous active sites of enzymes. Over the past decade, the Raymond group has developed a series of self-assembled supramolecules and the Bergman group has developed and studied a number of catalytic transformations. In this Account, we detail recent collaborative work between these two groups, focusing on chemical catalysis stemming from the encapsulation of protonated guests and expanding to acid catalysis in basic solution. We initially investigated the ability of a water-soluble, self-assembled supramolecular host molecule to encapsulate protonated guests in its hydrophobic core. Our study of encapsulated protonated amines revealed rich host-guest chemistry. We established that self-exchange (that is, in-out guest movement) rates of protonated amines were dependent on the steric bulk of the amine rather than its basicity. The host molecule has purely rotational tetrahedral (T) symmetry, so guests with geminal N-methyl groups (and their attendant mirror plane) were effectively desymmetrized; this allowed for the observation and quantification of the barriers for nitrogen inversion followed by bond rotation. Furthermore, small nitrogen heterocycles, such as N-alkylaziridines, N-alkylazetidines, and N-alkylpyrrolidines, were found to be encapsulated as proton-bound homodimers or homotrimers. We further investigated the thermodynamic stabilization of protonated amines, showing that encapsulation makes the amines more basic in the cavity. Encapsulation raises the effective basicity of protonated amines by up to 4.5 pK{sub a} units, a difference almost as large as that between the moderate and strong bases carbonate and hydroxide. The thermodynamic stabilization of protonated guests was translated into chemical catalysis by taking advantage of the potential for accelerating reactions that take place via positively charged transition states, which could be potentially stabilized by encapsulation. Orthoformates, generally stable in neutral or basic solution, were found to be suitable substrates for catalytic hydrolysis by the assembly. Orthoformates small enough to undergo encapsulation were readily hydrolyzed by the assembly in basic solution, with rate acceleration factors up to 3900 compared with those of the corresponding uncatalyzed reactions. Furthering the analogy to enzymes that obey Michaelis-Menten kinetics, we observed competitive inhibition with the inhibitor NPr{sub 4}{sup +}, thereby confirming that the interior cavity of the assembly was the active site for catalysis. Mechanistic studies revealed that the assembly is required for catalysis and that the rate-limiting step of the reaction involves proton transfer from hydronium to the encapsulated substrate. Encapsulation in the assembly changes the orthoformate hydrolysis from an A-1 mechanism (in which decomposition of the protonated substrate is the rate-limiting step) to an A-S{sub E}2 mechanism (in which proton transfer is the rate-limiting step). The study of hydrolysis in the assembly was next extended to acetals, which were also catalytically hydrolyzed by the assembly in basic solution. Acetal hydrolysis changed from the A-1 mechanism in solution to an A-2 mechanism inside the assembly, where attack of water on the protonated substrate is rate limiting. This work provides rare examples of assembly-catalyzed reactions that proceed with substantial rate accelerations despite the absence of functional groups in the cavity and with mechanisms fully elucidated by quantitative kinetic studies.

Pluth, Michael; Bergman, Robert; Raymond, Kenneth

2009-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

457

age children group: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

surface area, and thickness measures were obtained. Anxiety symptoms were 22 Tackling Dyslexia at an Early Age esearchers at HMS and Boston Children's Biology and Medicine Websites...

458

aged children hbsc: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

surface area, and thickness measures were obtained. Anxiety symptoms were 13 Tackling Dyslexia at an Early Age esearchers at HMS and Boston Children's Biology and Medicine Websites...

459

age children preliminary: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

surface area, and thickness measures were obtained. Anxiety symptoms were 17 Tackling Dyslexia at an Early Age esearchers at HMS and Boston Children's Biology and Medicine Websites...

460

age tumor size: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

alternate body arches, fin cartilage 422 AGE AND GROWTH OF SKIPJACK TUNA, KATSUWONUS PELAMIS, AND YELLOWFIN TUNA, THUNNUS ALBACARES, AS INDICATED Environmental Sciences and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volcanic age host" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Influence of Aging and Environment on Nanoparticle Chemistry...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of cerium in cerium oxide nanoparticles is studied in detail. The influence of synthesis medium, aging time and local environment on the oxidation state switching, between +3 and...

462

aged patients usefulness: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(6-month old, 12-month old, and adult) based on auditory event-related potentials Reilly, James P. 34 USING OBJECTIVE CRITERIA AND MULTIPLE REGRESSION MODELS FOR AGE...

463

Successful cognitive aging in persons living with HIV infection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

medical evaluations. Successful cognitive aging (SCA) wasby a battery of well- validated cognitive tests andself-endorsed cognitive com- plaints. Thirty-two percent of

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

accelerated aging studies: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the nominal one, increasing background and pile-up event probability. This requires detector performances which are currently under study in intensive R&D activities. Aging is...

465

age spectrum epidemiology: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of a young supernova. We associate this break with the phenomenon of synchrotron aging of radiating electrons. From the break in the spectrum we calculate the magnetic field...

466

age experimental analysis: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Websites Summary: , by improving the seismic hazard evaluation using probabilistic seismic hazard assessment (PSHA) methodsSeismic vulnerability assessment to slight dam- age...

467

The Work of Art in the Age of Deindustrialization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Deindustrialization By Jasper Quentin Bernes A dissertationof Deindustrialization by Jasper Quentin Bernes Doctor ofAge of Deindustrialization Jasper Bernes i Acknowledgments

Bernes, Jasper

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

An Accelerated Aging Method for Diesel Exhaust Aftertreatment...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

for Diesel Aftertreatment Devices Impact of Fuel Metal Impurities on Diesel Exhaust Catalysts Rapid Aging Protocols for Diesel Aftertreatment Devices: NOx Abatement Catalysts...

469

Empowering Communities in the Age of E-Government | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

in the Age of E-Government (March 2006) More Documents & Publications Technology Transfer for Brownfields Redevelopment Project Environmental Justice and Public...

470

Strategy for Aging Tests of Fuel Cell Membranes (Presentation...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Aging Tests Advanced Post Mortem Analysis Concluding Remarks Radiation Grafted Fuel Cell Membranes Lorenz Gubler, Paul Scherrer Institut, 2007 HTWG Meeting @ 212th ECS...

471

aged adults: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The "Aging in Place" project strives to delay taking that first step away from the family home. Through the careful placement of technological support we believe older...

472

age shetland implications: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

initial pricing of this program are not included--see below; all land and water transportation; airport Rowley, Clarence W. 111 Supercomputing Comes of Age Computer Technologies...

473

Aging Impairs Myocardial Fatty Acid and Ketone Oxidation and...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

that aging modifies substrate utilization and alters insulin sensitivity in mouse heart when provided multiple substrates. In vivo cardiac function was measured with...

474

Microsoft Word - CASS_Aging-LWRS_5YR_Plan  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

LTR-2012440 Light Water Reactor Sustainability Cast Stainless Steel Aging Research Plan September 2012 Prepared by: T. S. Byun and J. T. Busby Oak Ridge National Laboratory This...

475

Investigation of Aging Mechanisms in Lean NOx Traps  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Annual Merit Review 1 Investigation of Aging Mechanisms in Lean NOx Traps Mark Crocker Center for Applied Energy Research, University of Kentucky May 20, 2009 This presentation...

476

aging colloidal glass: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Matter (arXiv) Summary: We use confocal microscopy to directly visualize the dynamics of aging colloidal glasses. We prepare a colloidal suspension at high density, a...

477

Theoretical foundation for measuring the groundwater age distribution.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, we use PFLOTRAN, a highly scalable, parallel, flow and reactive transport code to simulate the concentrations of 3H, 3He, CFC-11, CFC-12, CFC-113, SF6, 39Ar, 81Kr, 4He and themean groundwater age in heterogeneous fields on grids with an excess of 10 million nodes. We utilize this computational platform to simulate the concentration of multiple tracers in high-resolution, heterogeneous 2-D and 3-D domains, and calculate tracer-derived ages. Tracer-derived ages show systematic biases toward younger ages when the groundwater age distribution contains water older than the maximum tracer age. The deviation of the tracer-derived age distribution from the true groundwater age distribution increases with increasing heterogeneity of the system. However, the effect of heterogeneity is diminished as the mean travel time gets closer the tracer age limit. Age distributions in 3-D domains differ significantly from 2-D domains. 3D simulations show decreased mean age, and less variance in age distribution for identical heterogeneity statistics. High-performance computing allows for investigation of tracer and groundwater age systematics in high-resolution domains, providing a platform for understanding and utilizing environmental tracer and groundwater age information in heterogeneous 3-D systems. Groundwater environmental tracers can provide important constraints for the calibration of groundwater flow models. Direct simulation of environmental tracer concentrations in models has the additional advantage of avoiding assumptions associated with using calculated groundwater age values. This study quantifies model uncertainty reduction resulting from the addition of environmental tracer concentration data. The analysis uses a synthetic heterogeneous aquifer and the calibration of a flow and transport model using the pilot point method. Results indicate a significant reduction in the uncertainty in permeability with the addition of environmental tracer data, relative to the use of hydraulic measurements alone. Anthropogenic tracers and their decay products, such as CFC11, 3H, and 3He, provide significant constraint oninput permeability values in the model. Tracer data for 39Ar provide even more complete information on the heterogeneity of permeability and variability in the flow system than the anthropogenic tracers, leading to greater parameter uncertainty reduction.

Gardner, William Payton; Arnold, Bill Walter

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

E-Print Network 3.0 - age structured equations Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ageing may result in biases in stock assessments and Summary: recapture and known-age data. As with Equation 1, for a given true age b, the bias (b) of the observed age... to...

479

Development of a geothermal resource in a fractured volcanic formation: Case study of the Sumikawa Geothermal Field, Japan. Final report, May 1, 1995--November 30, 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The principal purpose of this case study of the Sumikawa Geothermal Field is to document and to evaluate the use of drilling logs, surface and downhole geophysical measurements, chemical analyses and pressure transient data for the assessment of a high temperature volcanic geothermal field. This comprehensive report describes the work accomplished during FY 1993-1996. A brief review of the geological and geophysical surveys at the Sumikawa Geothermal Field is presented (Section 2). Chemical data, consisting of analyses of steam and water from Sumikawa wells, are described and interpreted to indicate compositions and temperatures of reservoir fluids (Section 3). The drilling information and downhole pressure, temperature and spinner surveys are used to determine feedzone locations, pressures and temperatures (Section 4). Available injection and production data from both slim holes and large-diameter wells are analyzed to evaluate injectivity/productivity indices and to investigate the variation of discharge rate with borehole diameter (Section 5). New interpretations of pressure transient data from several wells are discussed (Section 6). The available data have been synthesized to formulate a conceptual model for the Sumikawa Geothermal Field (Section 7).

Garg, S.K.; Combs, J.; Pritchett, J.W. [and others

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

The Cognitive Aging and Neuroimaging (CAN) Lab The Cognitive Aging and Neuroimaging (CAN)Lab investigates the development of both cognitive and neural processes associated  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Cognitive Aging and Neuroimaging (CAN) Lab Overview: The Cognitive Aging and Neuroimaging (CAN)Lab investigates the development of both cognitive and neural processes associated with aging -with a focus on ageMRI to elucidate the cognitive and neural processes underlying age-related differences in cognitive control

Bj√łrnstad, Ottar Nordal

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volcanic age host" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Colored figures Franke & Gaser (2012): Longitudinal changes in individual BrainAGE in healthy aging, mild cognitive impairment, and Alzheimer's disease  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Colored figures Franke & Gaser (2012): Longitudinal changes in individual BrainAGE in healthy aging, mild cognitive impairment, and Alzheimer's disease Figure 1: Depiction of the BrainAGE concept. A: The model of healthy brain aging is trained with the chronological age and preprocessed structural MRI data

Gaser, Christian

482

The effect of chrome adhesion layer on quartz resonator aging.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This SAND report documents a late start LDRD designed to determine the possible aging effects of a quartz resonator gold adhesion layer. Sandia uses quartz resonators for applications. These applications require a very stable frequency source with excellent aging (low drift) characteristics. These parts are manufactured by one of our qualified vendors outside Sandia Laboratories, Statek Corp. Over the years we, Sandia and the vendor, have seen aging variations that have not been completely explained by the typical mechanisms known in the industry. One theory was that the resonator metallization may be contributing to the resonator aging. This LDRD would allow us to test and analyze a group of resonators with known differentiating metallization and via accelerated aging determine if a chrome adhesion layer used to accept the final gold plating may contribute to poor aging. We worked with our main vendor to design and manufacture a set of quartz resonators with a wide range of metallization thickness ratios between the chrome and gold that will allow us determine the cause of this aging and which plating thickness ratios provide the best aging performance while not degrading other key characteristics.

Wessendorf, Kurt O.; Ohlhausen, James Anthony

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Communicating Coastal Risk Analysis in an Age of Climate Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Communicating Coastal Risk Analysis in an Age of Climate Change TR-11-04 Brian Blanton, John Mc in an Age of Climate Change Brian Blanton, John McGee, Oleg Kapeljushnik Renaissance Computing Institute of climate change complicates matters further. An immersive visualization environment integrating data from

484

aging materials: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

aging materials First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Ageing and Rheology in Soft Materials...

485

International Trade in Natural Gas: Golden Age of LNG?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Trade in Natural Gas: Golden Age of LNG? Yichen Du and Sergey Paltsev Report No. 271;1 International Trade in Natural Gas: Golden Age of LNG? Yichen Du* and Sergey Paltsev* Abstract The introduction of liquefied natural gas (LNG) as an option for international trade has created a market for natural gas where

Gabrieli, John

486

THE ROLE OF AGING AND ONCE-THROUGH-COOLED POWER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION THE ROLE OF AGING AND ONCE-THROUGH-COOLED POWER PLANTS IN CALIFORNIA Nyberg, Darryl Metz, Connie Leni. 2009. The Role of Aging and Once-Through-Cooled Power Plants .......................................9 The Performance of Once-Through-Cooled Power Plants 2002

487

Microscopic histochemical changes associated with aging in the feline kidney  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 13). This activity increased at one year of age to a moderate level and at 3 years to a high level of activity. A slight non-significant increase in activity was apparent from 5. 5 to 7. 5 years of age (Fig. 14). Aldolase N*-* tive l~omo t...

Kaler, Lawrence William

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Preserved lignin structures in Miocene-aged lignite lithotypes, Bulgaria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Preserved lignin structures in Miocene-aged lignite lithotypes, Bulgaria M. Stefanova, O. Maman, B, Orleans Cedex 2, France Abstract Contents of preserved lignin structures in Miocene-aged lignite lithotypes were determined. Phenol aldehydes, ketones and acids released from lignin by CuO oxidative

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

489

Aging management guideline for commercial nuclear power plants-pumps  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Aging Management Guideline (AMG) describes recommended methods for effective detection and mitigation of age-related degradation mechanisms in BWR and PWR commercial nuclear power plant pumps important to license renewal. The intent of this AMG is to assist plant maintenance and operations personnel in maximizing the safe, useful life of these components. It also supports the documentation of effective aging management programs required under the License Renewal Rule 10 CFR Part 54. This AMG is presented in a manner that allows personnel responsible for performance analysis and maintenance to compare their plant-specific aging mechanisms (expected or already experienced) and aging management program activities to the more generic results and recommendations presented herein.

Booker, S.; Katz, D.; Daavettila, N.; Lehnert, D. [MDC-Ogden Environmental and Energy Services, Southfield, MI (United States)

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Low-temperature emission spectra of 9-alkylanthracene esters: Dimer photodecomposition and monomer pair interactions in polymer hosts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Effects due to variation in the alkyl chain length of photodimers of 9-alkylanthracene esters on their photodecomposition efficiencies at 12 K and, by implication, the photoproduct migration as a function of temperature within polymer hosts are investigated. It is shown that dimers with longer alkyl chains have a lower photodecomposition efficiency. The extent of photoproduct migration within the polymer following photodecomposition was also studied as a function of alkyl chain length. This migration and its modulation of the interaction between the separating monomers is shown to affect the emission spectrum. Thus, monomer migration was studied in temperature cycling experiments. It was also found, for the polymer hosts investigated - poly(methyl methacrylate), poly(vinyl chloride), and polystyrene - that these properties are host dependent. This result is probably due to the void space differences that exist among these polymers. 17 refs., 10 figs.

Salt, K.; Scott, G.W. (Univ. of California, Riverside, CA (United States))

1994-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

491

NO CORRELATION BETWEEN HOST GALAXY METALLICITY AND GAMMA-RAY ENERGY RELEASE FOR LONG-DURATION GAMMA-RAY BURSTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We compare the redshifts, host galaxy metallicities, and isotropic (E{sub {gamma}},iso) and beaming-corrected (E{sub {gamma}}) gamma-ray energy release of 16 long-duration gamma-ray bursts (LGRBs) at z < 1. From this comparison, we find no statistically significant correlation between host metallicity and redshift, E{sub {gamma}},iso, or E{sub {gamma}}. These results are at odds with previous theoretical and observational predictions of an inverse correlation between gamma-ray energy release and host metallicity, as well as the standard predictions of metallicity-driven wind effects in stellar evolutionary models. We consider the implications that these results have for LGRB progenitor scenarios, and discuss our current understanding of the role that metallicity plays in the production of LGRBs.

Levesque, Emily M.; Kewley, Lisa J. [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Soderberg, Alicia M.; Berger, Edo, E-mail: emsque@ifa.hawaii.ed, E-mail: kewley@ifa.hawaii.ed, E-mail: asoderbe@cfa.harvard.ed, E-mail: eberger@cfa.harvard.ed [Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, 60 Garden St., MS-20, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

492

The integration of multiple OS-9 stations with a VAX/VMS host via Ethernet  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper a method for providing embedded microprocessors with virtual disk storage capacity and remote terminal access from a VAX/VMS host via Ethernet is described. The underlying Ethernet driver permits different network protocols to be co-resident in the microprocessors. The system described is in use in many experiments at CERN and elsewhere, and provides a cheap and effective method for sharing data and programs between microprocessors and VAX/VMS systems. Existing approaches to these problems required sole use of a dedicated intelligent network interface, and were biased towards VMEbus systems. One of the goals of the design was to provide a highly transparent and easy-to-use development environment such that users would appear to be working on dedicated microprocessor workstations, unaware of the underlying network connections.

Charity, T. (CERN/EF, Geneva (CH))

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Homogeneous spectroscopic parameters for bright planet host stars from the northern hemisphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aims. In this work we derive new precise and homogeneous parameters for 37 stars with planets. For this purpose, we analyze high resolution spectra obtained by the NARVAL spectrograph for a sample composed of bright planet host stars in the northern hemisphere. The new parameters are included in the SWEET-Cat online catalogue. Methods. To ensure that the catalogue is homogeneous, we use our standard spectroscopic analysis procedure, ARES+MOOG, to derive effective temperatures, surface gravities, and metallicities. These spectroscopic stellar parameters are then used as input to compute the stellar mass and radius, which are fundamental for the derivation of the planetary mass and radius. Results. We show that the spectroscopic parameters, masses, and radii are generally in good agreement with the values available in online databases of exoplanets. There are some exceptions, especially for the evolved stars. These are analyzed in detail focusing on the effect of the stellar mass on the derived planetary mass. ...

Sousa, S G; Mortier, A; Tsantaki, M; Adibekyan, V; Mena, E Delgado; Israelian, G; Rojas-Ayala, B; Neves, V

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Low-phonon-frequency chalcogenide crystalline hosts for rare earth lasers operating beyond three microns  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention comprises a RE-doped MA.sub.2 X.sub.4 crystalline gain medium, where M includes a divalent ion such as Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, Pb, Eu, or Yb; A is selected from trivalent ions including Al, Ga, and In; X is one of the chalcogenide ions S, Se, and Te; and RE represents the trivalent rare earth ions. The MA.sub.2 X.sub.4 gain medium can be employed in a laser oscillator or a laser amplifier. Possible pump sources include diode lasers, as well as other laser pump sources. The laser wavelengths generated are greater than 3 microns, as becomes possible because of the low phonon frequency of this host medium. The invention may be used to seed optical devices such as optical parametric oscillators and other lasers.

Payne, Stephen A. (Castro Valley, CA); Page, Ralph H. (San Ramon, CA); Schaffers, Kathleen I. (Pleasanton, CA); Nostrand, Michael C. (Livermore, CA); Krupke, William F. (Pleasanton, CA); Schunemann, Peter G. (Malden, MA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Parent Stars of Extrasolar Planets. XV. Host Star Rotation Revisited with {\\it Kepler} Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We employed published rotation periods of {\\it Kepler} field stars to test whether stars hosting planets tend to rotate more slowly than stars without known planets. Spectroscopic vsini observations of nearby stars with planets have indicated that they tend to have smaller visni values. We employ data for {\\it Kepler} Objects of Interest (KOIs) from the first 16 quarters of its original mission; stellar parameters are based on the analysis of the first 17 quarters. We confirm that KOI stars rotate more slowly with much greater confidence than we had previously found for nearby stars with planets. Furthermore, we find that stars with planets of all types rotate more slowly, not just stars with giant planets.

Gonzalez, Guillermo

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Subcellular proteomic analysis of host-pathogen interactions using human monocytes exposed to Yersinia pestis and Yersinia pseudotuberculosis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Yersinia pestis, the etiological agent of plague, is of concern to human health both from an infectious disease and a civilian biodefense perspective. While Y. pestis and Y. pseudotuberculosis share more than 90% DNA homology, they have significantly different clinical manifestations. Plague is often fatal if untreated, yet Y. pseudotuberculosis causes severe intestinal distress and is rarely fatal. A better understanding of host response to these closely related pathogens may help explain the different mechanisms of virulence and pathogenesis that result in such different clinical outcomes. The aim of this study was to characterize host protein expression changes in human monocyte-like U937 cells after exposure to Y. pestis and Y. pseudotuberculosis. In order to gain global proteomic coverage of host response, proteins from cytoplasmic, nuclear and membrane fractions of host cells were studied by 2-dimensional differential gel electrophoresis (2-D DIGE) and relative protein expression differences were quantitated. Differentially expressed proteins, with at least 1.5 fold expression changes and p values of 0.01 or less, were identified by MALDI-MS or LC/MS/MS. With these criteria, differential expression was detected in 16 human proteins after Y. pestis exposure and 13 human proteins after Y. pseudotuberculosis exposure, of which only two of the differentially expressed proteins identified were shared between the two exposures. Proteins identified in this study are reported to be involved in a wide spectrum of cellular functions and host defense mechanisms including apoptosis, cytoskeletal rearrangement, protein synthesis and degradation, DNA replication and transcription, metabolism, protein folding, and cell signaling. Notably, the differential expression patterns observed can distinguish the two pathogen exposures from each other and from unexposed host cells. The functions of the differentially expressed proteins identified provide insight on the different virulence and pathogenic mechanisms of Y. pestis and Y. pseudotuberculosis.

Zhang, C G; Gonzales, A D; Choi, M W; Chromy, B A; Fitch, J P; McCutchen-Maloney, S L

2004-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

497

IMPROVED CATALYSTS FOR HEAVY OIL UPGRADING BASED ON ZEOLITE Y NANOPARTICLES ENCAPSULATED STABLE NANOPOROUS HOST  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Al-SBA-15 mesoporous catalysts with strong Broensted acid sites and Al stabilized in a totally tetrahedral coordination was synthesized from the addition of hydrothermally aged zeolite Y precursor to SBA-15 synthesis mixture under mildly acidic condition of pH 5.5. The materials possessed surface areas between 690 and 850 m{sup 2}/g, pore sizes ranging from 5.6 to 7.5 nm and pore volumes up 1.03 cm{sup 3}, which were comparable to parent SBA-15 synthesized under similar conditions. Up to 2 wt. % Al was present in the most aluminated sample that was investigated, and the Al remained stable in totally tetrahedral coordination, even after calcination at 550 C. The Al-SBA-15 mesoporous catalyst showed significant catalytic activity for cumene dealkylation, and activity increased as the amount of zeolite precursor added to the SBA-15 mixture was increased. The catalyst's activity was not affected by the aging time of the precursor for up to the 24 hr aging time investigated. This method of introducing Al and maintaining it in a total tetrahedral coordination is very effective, in comparison to other direct and post synthesis alumination methods reported. The catalytic performance of the zeolite Y/SBA-15 composite materials will be compared with that of pure SBA-15. The catalysts will then be evaluated for the conversion of heavy petroleum feedstocks.

Conrad Ingram; Mark Mitchell

2006-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

498

Conference on Transportation, Economics, Energy and the Environment (TE3 Hosted by the University of Michigan Energy Institute (UMEI)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) Gabriel E. Lade (UC Davis), C.-Y. Cynthia Lin (UC Davis), and Aaron Smith (UC Davis) "The Effect of PolicyConference on Transportation, Economics, Energy and the Environment (TE3 ) Hosted by the University of Michigan Energy Institute (UMEI) Rackham Amphitheatre, Ann Arbor, Michigan -- Friday, 3 October 2014 8

Daly, Samantha

499

Short title: Endophytes of grasses Culturing and direct PCR suggest prevalent host generalism among diverse fungal endophytes of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Short title: Endophytes of grasses Culturing and direct PCR suggest prevalent host generalism among diverse fungal endophytes of tropical forest grasses K. Lindsay Higgins Phyllis D. Coley Thomas A. Kursar: Most studies examining endophytic fungi associated with grasses (Poaceae) have focused on agronomically

Arnold, A. Elizabeth

500

The host of GRB/XRF 030528 - an actively star forming galaxy at z=0.782  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An important parameter for the distinction of X-ray flashes, X-ray rich bursts and Gamma-ray bursts in the rest frame is the distance to the explosion site. Here we report on the spectroscopic redshift determination of the host galaxy of XRF/GRB 030528 using the ESO VLT FORS2 instrument. From the strong oxygen and hydrogen emission lines the redshift was measured to be z=0.782+-0.001. Obtaining the line luminosities and ratios we find that the host is consistent with being an actively star forming galaxy with sub-solar metallicity. With a stellar mass of ~10E10 Msun the host is placed among the most massive GRB host galaxies at a similar redshift. Estimating the redshifted properties of the prompt emission, we find that XRF/GRB 030528 would be classified as an X-ray rich bursts in the rest frame rather than an X-ray flash in the typically used observer frame.

Rau, A

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z