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1

Common Platform Enumeration: Naming Specification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) promotes the U.S. economy and public welfare by providing of Booz Allen Hamilton, Seth Hanford of Cisco Systems, Inc., Tim Keanini of nCircle, Kent Landfield of Mc that IT products must meet for conformance with the CPE Naming version 2.3 specification. Trademark Information CPE

2

Performance specifications for technology development: Application for characterization of volatile organic compounds in the environment  

SciTech Connect

This report contains information about technology development for the monitoring and remediation of environmental pollution caused by the release of volatile organic compounds. Topics discussed include: performance specification processes, gas chromatography, mass spectrometer, fiber-optic chemical sensors, infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, piezoelectric sensors and electrochemical sensors. These methods are analyzed for their cost efficiency, accuracy, and the ability to meet the needs of the customer.

Carpenter, S.E.; Doskey, P.V.; Erickson, M.D.; Lindahl, P.C.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

What Is Price Volatility  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

What Is Price Volatility? What Is Price Volatility? The term "price volatility" is used to describe price fluctuations of a commodity. Volatility is measured by the day-to-day percentage difference in the price of the commodity. The degree of variation, not the level of prices, defines a volatile market. Since price is a function of supply and demand, it follows that volatility is a result of the underlying supply and demand characteristics of the market. Therefore, high levels of volatility reflect extraordinary characteristics of supply and/or demand. Prices of basic energy (natural gas, electricity, heating oil) are generally more volatile than prices of other commodities. One reason that energy prices are so volatile is that many consumers are extremely limited in their ability to substitute other fuels when the price, of natural gas

4

Derivative Usage and Performance Volatility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Derivative usage that reduces return volatility is frequently termed hedging, and derivative usage that increases return volatility is called speculation. ... reduce or increase their return volatility with deriv...

Weiying Jia; Yi Kang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Current status of fluoride volatility method development  

SciTech Connect

The Fluoride Volatility Method is based on a separation process, which comes out from the specific property of uranium, neptunium and plutonium to form volatile hexafluorides whereas most of fission products (mainly lanthanides) and higher transplutonium elements (americium, curium) present in irradiated fuel form nonvolatile tri-fluorides. Fluoride Volatility Method itself is based on direct fluorination of the spent fuel, but before the fluorination step, the removal of cladding material and subsequent transformation of the fuel into a powdered form with a suitable grain size have to be done. The fluorination is made with fluorine gas in a flame fluorination reactor, where the volatile fluorides (mostly UF{sub 6}) are separated from the non-volatile ones (trivalent minor actinides and majority of fission products). The subsequent operations necessary for partitioning of volatile fluorides are the condensation and evaporation of volatile fluorides, the thermal decomposition of PuF{sub 6} and the finally distillation and sorption used for the purification of uranium product. The Fluoride Volatility Method is considered to be a promising advanced pyrochemical reprocessing technology, which can mainly be used for the reprocessing of oxide spent fuels coming from future GEN IV fast reactors.

Uhlir, J.; Marecek, M.; Skarohlid, J. [UJV - Nuclear Research Institute, Research Centre Rez, CZ-250 68 Husinec - Rez 130 (Czech Republic)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Specific  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Specific Specific energy for pulsed laser rock drilling Z. Xu, a) C. B. Reed, and G. Konercki Technology Development Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60540 R. A. Parker b) Parker Geoscience Consulting, LLC, Arvada, Colorado 80403 B. C. Gahan Gas Technology Institute, Des Plains, Illinois 60018 S. Batarseh c) and R. M. Graves Department of Petroleum Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado 80401 H. Figueroa Petroleos de Venezuela INTEVEP, S.A., Caracas 1070A, Venezuela N. Skinner Halliburton Energy Service, Carrollton, Texas 75006 ͑Received 20 December 2001; accepted for publication 19 August 2002͒ Application of advanced high power laser technology to oil and gas well drilling has been attracting significant research interests recently among research institutes, petroleum industries, and universities. Potential laser or laser-aided

7

The impact of oil price shocks on the stock market return and volatility relationship  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper examines the impact of structural oil price shocks on the covariance of U.S. stock market return and stock market volatility. We construct from daily data on return and volatility the covariance of return and volatility at monthly frequency. The measures of daily volatility are realized-volatility at high frequency (normalized squared return), conditional-volatility recovered from a stochastic volatility model, and implied-volatility deduced from options prices. Positive shocks to aggregate demand and to oil-market specific demand are associated with negative effects on the covariance of return and volatility. Oil supply disruptions are associated with positive effects on the covariance of return and volatility. The spillover index between the structural oil price shocks and covariance of stock return and volatility is large and highly statistically significant.

Wensheng Kang; Ronald A. Ratti; Kyung Hwan Yoon

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Determination of Steam-Volatile Organic Acids in Fermentation Media by Gas-Liquid Chromatography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Articles Determination of Steam-Volatile Organic Acids in Fermentation...utility in the separation and quantitation of steam-volatile organic acids commonly produced...column of Carbowax 20 M + H3PO4 separated steam-volatile organic acids completely. The...

L. V. Packett; R. W. McCune

1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Oil Price Volatility  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Speculation and Oil Price Volatility Speculation and Oil Price Volatility Robert J. Weiner Robert J. Weiner Professor of International Business, Public Policy & Professor of International Business, Public Policy & Public Administration, and International Affairs Public Administration, and International Affairs George Washington University; George Washington University; Membre Associ Membre Associ é é , GREEN, Universit , GREEN, Universit é é Laval Laval EIA Annual Conference Washington Washington 7 April 2009 7 April 2009 1 FACTORS DRIVNG OIL PRICE VOLATILITY FACTORS DRIVNG OIL PRICE VOLATILITY ► ► Market fundamentals Market fundamentals . . Fluctuations in supply, Fluctuations in supply, demand, and market power demand, and market power Some fundamentals related to expectations of Some fundamentals related to expectations of

10

Proboscis extension reflex platform for volatiles and semi-volatiles detection  

SciTech Connect

The present invention provides an apparatus for the detection of volatile and semi-volatile chemicals using the olfactory abilities of honey bees that are trained to respond to the presence of a specific chemical in a sample of gas with the proboscis extension reflex (PER). In particular, the geometry and arrangement of the parts of the apparatus are such that the amount of surface area in contact with the sample of gas prior to its introduction to the bees is minimized to improve the detection of particular volatile and semi-volatile that have a tendency to "stick" to contacting surfaces, especially certain chemicals associated with explosives and narcotics. According to another aspect of the present invention, a pre-concentrating means is incorporated with the device to effectively increase the concentration of "sticky" chemicals presented to the insects.

Wingo, Robert M. (Los Alamos, NM); McCabe, Kirsten J. (Los Alamos, NM); Haarmann, Timothy K. (Jemez Pueblo, NM)

2010-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

11

Petroleum Outlook:.More Volatility?  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Outlook: More Volatility? Outlook: More Volatility? 3/19/01 Click here to start Table of Contents Petroleum Outlook: More Volatility? Product Price Volatility-This Year and in the Future WTI Crude Oil Price: Potential for Volatility Around Base Case OPEC Crude Oil Production 1998-2001 Annual World Oil Demand Growth by Region, 1991-2001 Low Total OECD Oil Stocks* Keep Market Balance Tight Fundamentals Explain High Crude Oil Prices Product Price Spreads Over Crude Oil Reflect Product Market-Based Volatility U.S. Distillate Inventories Distillate Winter Demand Stronger Than Temperatures Would Imply High Production Offset Lack of Inventory High Production Came From High Yields & High Inputs High Margins Bring High Imports Gasoline Price Volatility Is a Concern This Summer Gasoline Volatility

12

A nonparametric GARCH model of crude oil price return volatility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of parametric GARCH models to characterise crude oil price volatility is widely observed in the empirical literature. In this paper, we consider an alternative approach involving nonparametric method to model and forecast oil price return volatility. Focusing on two crude oil markets, Brent and West Texas Intermediate (WTI), we show that the out-of-sample volatility forecast of the nonparametric GARCH model yields superior performance relative to an extensive class of parametric GARCH models. These results are supported by the use of robust loss functions and the Hansen's (2005) superior predictive ability test. The improvement in forecasting accuracy of oil price return volatility based on the nonparametric GARCH model suggests that this method offers an attractive and viable alternative to the commonly used parametric GARCH models.

Aijun Hou; Sandy Suardi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Oxidation and volatilization of a niobium alloy  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the findings from a preliminary investigation into oxidation and volatilization characteristics of a niobium alloy. Niobium is a candidate alloy for use in plasma facing components (PFCS) in experimental fusion reactors like the Intemational Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). An experimental alloy was tailored to simulate small changes in chemistry which could result from transmutations from irradiation. The alloy was exposed in air and steam between 800[degree]C and 1200[degree]C. Volatilized products and hydrogen were collected and measured. Post-test examinations were also performed on the samples to determine the amount of material loss during the exposures. The obtained measurements of volatilization flux (g/m[sup 2]-s), hydrogen generation rates (liters/m[sup 2]-s), and recession rates (mm/s) are data which can be used for safety analyses and material performance to predict consequences which may result from an accident involving the ingress of air or steam into the plasma chamber of fusion reactor. In our volatility tests, only molybdenum and niobium were found at release levels above the detection limit. Although molybdenum is present at only 0.12 wt%, the quantities of this element volatilized in air are nearly comparable to the quantities of niobium released. The niobium release in steam is only three to four times higher than that of molybdenum in steam. The hydrogen production of the niobium alloy is compared with other PFC materials that we have tested, specifically, beryllium, graphite, and a tunesten alloy. At high temperatures, the hydrogen production rate of the niobium alloy is among the lowest of these materials, significantly lower than beryllium. To understand what this means in an accident situation, modeling is necessary to predict temperatures, and therefore total hydrogen production. The INEL is currently doing this modeling.

Smolik, G.R.; McCarthy, K.A.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Common Platform Enumeration: Name Matching Specification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the U.S. economy and public welfare by providing technical leadership for the nation's measurement of The MITRE Corporation, Paul Cichonski of NIST, Adam Halbardier of Booz Allen Hamilton, Seth Hanford of Cisco and explains the requirements that IT products must meet for conformance with the CPE Name Matching version 2

15

Macro determinants of volatility and volatility spillover in energy markets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We analyze the time-varying volatility and spillover effects in crude oil, heating oil, and natural gas futures markets by incorporating changes in important macroeconomic variables and major political and weather-related events into the conditional variance equations. We allow asymmetric responses to random disturbances in each market as well as to good and bad economic news related to the overall economy. Results show the presence of asymmetric effects in both random disturbances and macroeconomic variables. A bidirectional volatility spillover effect is found between natural gas and crude oil and between the natural gas and heating oil markets. Crude oil volatility is found to increase following major political, financial, and natural events. Seasonality and day-of-the-week effects are found in the crude oil and heating oil markets.

Berna Karali; Octavio A. Ramirez

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

In Search of a Statistically Valid Volatility Risk Factor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cross- section of volatility and expected returns, Theof a Statistically Valid Volatility Risk Factor (revised)of a Statistically Valid Volatility Risk Factor Robert M.

Anderson, Robert M.; Bianchi, Stephen W.; Goldberg, Lisa R.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

FIELD SCREENING FOR HALOGENATED VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS  

SciTech Connect

Western Research Institute (WRI) initiated exploratory work towards the development of new field screening methodology and a test kit to measure halogenated volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the field. Heated diode and corona discharge sensors are commonly used to detect leaks of refrigerants from air conditioners, freezers, and refrigerators. They are both selective to the presence of carbon-halogen bonds. Commercially available heated diode and corona discharge leak detectors were procured and evaluated for halogenated VOC response. The units were modified to provide a digital readout of signal related to VOC concentration. Sensor response was evaluated with carbon tetrachloride and tetrachloroethylene (perchloroethylene, PCE), which represent halogenated VOCs with and without double bonds. The response characteristics were determined for the VOCs directly in headspace in Tedlar bag containers. Quantitation limits in air were estimated. Potential interferences from volatile hydrocarbons, such as toluene and heptane, were evaluated. The effect of humidity was studied also. The performance of the new devices was evaluated in the laboratory by spiking soil samples and monitoring headspace for halogenated VOCs. A draft concept of the steps for a new analytical method was outlined. The results of the first year effort show that both devices show potential utility for future analytical method development work towards the goal of developing a portable test kit for screening halogenated VOCs in the field.

John F. Schabron; Joseph F. Rovani Jr.; Theresa M. Bomstad

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Formaldehyde and Other Volatile Organic Chemical Emissions in Four FEMA  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Formaldehyde and Other Volatile Organic Chemical Emissions in Four FEMA Formaldehyde and Other Volatile Organic Chemical Emissions in Four FEMA Temporary Housing Units Title Formaldehyde and Other Volatile Organic Chemical Emissions in Four FEMA Temporary Housing Units Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2009 Authors Maddalena, Randy L., Marion L. Russell, Douglas P. Sullivan, and Michael G. Apte Journal Environmental Science and Technology Volume 43 Start Page Chapter Pagination 5626-5632 Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Abstract Four unoccupied FEMA temporary housing units (THUs) were studied to assess their indoor emissions of volatile organic compounds including formaldehyde. Measurement of whole-THUVOC and aldehyde emission factors (µg h-1 per m2 of floor area) for each of the four THUs were made at FEMA's Purvis MS staging yard using a mass balance approach. Measurements were made in the morning, and again in the afternoon in each THU. Steady-state indoor formaldehydeconcentrations ranged from 378 µg m-3 (0.31ppm) to 632 µg m-3 (0.52 ppm) in the AM, and from 433 µg m-3 (0.35 ppm) to 926 µg m-3 (0.78 ppm) in the PM. THU air exchange rates ranged from 0.15 h-1 to 0.39 h-1. A total of 45 small (approximately 0.025 m2) samples of surface material, 16 types, were collected directly from the four THUs and shipped to Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. The material samples were analyzed for VOC and aldehyde emissions in small stainless steel chambers using a standard, accurate mass balance method. Quantification of VOCs was done via gas chromatography - mass spectrometry and low molecular weight aldehydes via high performance liquid chromatography. Material specific emission factors (µg h-1 per m2 of material) were quantified. Approximately 80 unique VOCs were tentatively identified in the THU field samples, of which forty-five were quantified either because of their toxicological significance or because their concentrations were high. Whole-trailer and materialspecific emission factors were calculated for 33 compounds. The THU emission factors and those from their component materials were compared against those measured from other types of housing and the materials used in their construction. Whole THU emission factors for most VOCs were typically similar to those from comparative housing. The three exceptions were exceptionally large emissions of formaldehyde and TMPD-DIB (a common plasticizer in vinyl products), and somewhat elevated for phenol. Of these three compounds, formaldehyde was theonly one with toxicological significance at the observed concentrations. Whole THU formaldehyde emissions ranged from 173 to 266 µg m-2 h-1 in the morning and 257 to 347 µg m-2 h-1 in the afternoon. Median formaldehyde emissions in previously studied site-built and manufactured homes were 31 and 45 µg m-2 h-1, respectively. Only one of the composite wood materials that was tested appeared to exceed the HUD formaldehyde emission standard (430 µg/m2 h-1 for particleboard and 130 µg/m2 h-1 for plywood). The high loading factor (materialsurface area divided by THU volume) of composite wood products in the THUs and the low fresh air exchange relative to the material surface area may be responsible for the excessive concentrations observed for some of the VOCs and formaldehyde

19

GADOLINIUM SOLUBILITY AND VOLATILITY DURING DWPF PROCESSING  

SciTech Connect

Understanding of gadolinium behavior, as it relates to potential neutron poisoning applications at the DWPF, has increased over the past several years as process specific data have been generated. Of primary importance are phenomena related to gadolinium solubility and volatility, which introduce the potential for gadolinium to be separated from fissile materials during Chemical Process Cell (CPC) and Melter operations. Existing data indicate that gadolinium solubilities under moderately low pH conditions can vary over several orders of magnitude, depending on the quantities of other constituents that are present. With respect to sludge batching processes, the gadolinium solubility appears to be highly affected by iron. In cases where the mass ratio of Fe:Gd is 300 or more, the gadolinium solubility has been observed to be low, one milligram per liter or less. In contrast, when the ratio of Fe:Gd is 20 or less, the gadolinium solubility has been found to be relatively high, several thousands of milligrams per liter. For gadolinium to serve as an effective neutron poison in CPC operations, the solubility needs to be limited to approximately 100 mg/L. Unfortunately, the Fe:Gd ratio that corresponds to this solubility limit has not been identified. Existing data suggest gadolinium and plutonium are not volatile during melter operations. However, the data are subject to inherent uncertainties preventing definitive conclusions on this matter. In order to determine if gadolinium offers a practical means of poisoning waste in DWPF operations, generation of additional data is recommended. This includes: Gd solubility testing under conditions where the Fe:Gd ratio varies from 50 to 150; and Gd and Pu volatility studies tailored to quantifying high temperature partitioning. Additional tests focusing on crystal aging of Gd/Pu precipitates should be pursued if receipt of gadolinium-poisoned waste into the Tank Farm becomes routine.

Reboul, S

2008-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

20

Volatility in natural gas and oil markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using daily futures price data, I examine the behavior of natural gas and crude oil price volatility since 1990. I test whether there has been a significant trend in volatility, whether there was a short-term increase in ...

Pindyck, Robert S.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility specifications commonly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Volatile compounds from marine algae  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Volatile compounds from marine algae ... Seasonal Variations of Bromophenols in Brown Algae (Padina arborescens, Sargassum siliquastrum, and Lobophora variegata) Collected in Hong Kong ... Seasonal Variations of Bromophenols in Brown Algae (Padina arborescens, Sargassum siliquastrum, and Lobophora variegata) Collected in Hong Kong ...

Richard E. Moore

1977-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

5, 463499, 2008 Oxygenated volatiles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of flooding on the exchange of the volatile C2-compounds ethanol, acetaldehyde and acetic acid between leaves Discussion EGU Abstract The effect of root inundation on the leaf emissions of ethanol, acetaldehyde in stomatal conduc-10 tance. Flooding of the roots resulted in leaf emissions of ethanol and acetaldehyde

Boyer, Edmond

23

Volatility clustering in land markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

analysis. Applying a Lagrange Multiplier (LM) test for AutoRegressive Conditional Heteroskedasticity (ARCH) effects in the Canadian land markets, we find that clustering in land price returns exists in Alberta, Ontario, Quebec, and British Columbia... by even higher volatility and vice versa. III. Data and Descriptive Statistics The monthly land price index for each individual province is obtained from Statistics Canada, covering all of the Canadian provinces (Alberta, Ontario, Quebec...

Bao, Helen X. H.; Huang, Hui; Huang, Yu-Lieh; Lin, Pin-te

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Silicon Nanowires for Non-Volatile Memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Silicon Nanowires for Non-Volatile Memory P R O J E C T L E A D E R : Curt A. Richter (NIST) C O L approaches for silicon nanowire non-volatile memory. K E Y A C C O M P L I S H M E N T S Fabricated novel non-volatile memory cells with silicon nanowire channels and Al2 O3 /HfO2 /SiO2 gate dielectric storage stacks

25

Elastic Prices and Volatile Energy Generation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? New possibilities are developing in the infrastructure of electrical systems to meet the new demand of more volatile power generation. This study focuses on (more)

Daln, Anders

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Jumps and stochastic volatility in crude oil futures prices using conditional moments of integrated volatility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We evaluate alternative models of the volatility of commodity futures prices based on high-frequency intraday data from the crude oil futures markets for the October 2001December 2012 period. These models are implemented with a simple GMM estimator that matches sample moments of the realized volatility to the corresponding population moments of the integrated volatility. Models incorporating both stochastic volatility and jumps in the returns series are compared on the basis of the overall fit of the data over the full sample period and subsamples. We also find that jumps in the returns series add to the accuracy of volatility forecasts.

Christopher F. Baum; Paola Zerilli

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Partitioning of Volatile Organics in Diesel Particulate and Exhaust...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Exhaust Partitioning of Volatile Organics in Diesel Particulate and Exhaust Evaluation of how sampling details affect the measurement of volatile organic compounds in...

28

Detection of Low Volatility Organic Analytes on Soils Using Infrared...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Low Volatility Organic Analytes on Soils Using Infrared Reflection Spectroscopy. Abstract: Previous work on detection of low-volatility liquid organic (and...

29

Comparative Toxicity of Combined Particle and Semi-Volatile Organic...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Toxicity of Combined Particle and Semi-Volatile Organic Fractioins of Gasoline and Diesel Emissions Comparative Toxicity of Combined Particle and Semi-Volatile Organic Fractioins...

30

Volatile organic compound sensing devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus employing vapochromic materials in the form of inorganic double complex salts which change color reversibly when exposed to volatile organic compound (VOC) vapors is adapted for VOC vapor detection, VOC aqueous matrix detection, and selective VOC vapor detection. The basic VOC vapochromic sensor is incorporated in various devices such as a ground probe sensor, a wristband sensor, a periodic sampling monitor, a soil/water penetrometer, an evaporative purge sensor, and various vacuum-based sensors which are particularly adapted for reversible/reusable detection, remote detection, continuous monitoring, or rapid screening of environmental remediation and waste management sites. The vapochromic sensor is used in combination with various fiber optic arrangements to provide a calibrated qualitative and/or quantitative indication of the presence of VOCs.

Lancaster, Gregory D. (Idaho Falls, ID); Moore, Glenn A. (Idaho Falls, ID); Stone, Mark L. (Idaho Falls, ID); Reagen, William K. (Stillwater, MN)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Volatile organic compound sensing devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus employing vapochromic materials in the form of inorganic double complex salts which change color reversibly when exposed to volatile organic compound (VOC) vapors is adapted for VOC vapor detection, VOC aqueous matrix detection, and selective VOC vapor detection. The basic VOC vapochromic sensor is incorporated in various devices such as a ground probe sensor, a wristband sensor, a periodic sampling monitor, a soil/water penetrometer, an evaporative purge sensor, and various vacuum-based sensors which are particularly adapted for reversible/reusable detection, remote detection, continuous monitoring, or rapid screening of environmental remediation and waste management sites. The vapochromic sensor is used in combination with various fiber optic arrangements to provide a calibrated qualitative and/or quantitative indication of the presence of VOCs. 15 figs.

Lancaster, G.D.; Moore, G.A.; Stone, M.L.; Reagen, W.K.

1995-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

32

Experimental and Modeling Study of the Flammability of Fuel Tank Headspace Vapors from Ethanol/Gasoline Fuels; Phase 3: Effects of Winter Gasoline Volatility and Ethanol Content on Blend Flammability; Flammability Limits of Denatured Ethanol  

SciTech Connect

This study assessed differences in headspace flammability for summertime gasolines and new high-ethanol content fuel blends. The results apply to vehicle fuel tanks and underground storage tanks. Ambient temperature and fuel formulation effects on headspace vapor flammability of ethanol/gasoline blends were evaluated. Depending on the degree of tank filling, fuel type, and ambient temperature, fuel vapors in a tank can be flammable or non-flammable. Pure gasoline vapors in tanks generally are too rich to be flammable unless ambient temperatures are extremely low. High percentages of ethanol blended with gasoline can be less volatile than pure gasoline and can produce flammable headspace vapors at common ambient temperatures. The study supports refinements of fuel ethanol volatility specifications and shows potential consequences of using noncompliant fuels. E85 is flammable at low temperatures; denatured ethanol is flammable at warmer temperatures. If both are stored at the same location, one or both of the tanks' headspace vapors will be flammable over a wide range of ambient temperatures. This is relevant to allowing consumers to splash -blend ethanol and gasoline at fueling stations. Fuels compliant with ASTM volatility specifications are relatively safe, but the E85 samples tested indicate that some ethanol fuels may produce flammable vapors.

Gardiner, D. P.; Bardon, M. F.; Clark, W.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Securing non-volatile memory regions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods, apparatus and articles of manufacture to secure non-volatile memory regions are disclosed. An example method disclosed herein comprises associating a first key pair and a second key pair different than the first key pair with a process, using the first key pair to secure a first region of a non-volatile memory for the process, and using the second key pair to secure a second region of the non-volatile memory for the same process, the second region being different than the first region.

Faraboschi, Paolo; Ranganathan, Parthasarathy; Muralimanohar, Naveen

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

34

Volatile constituents in a wood pyrolysis oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Science VOLATILE CONSTITUTENTS IN A WOOD PYROLYSIS OIL A Thesis SHIH-CHIEN LIN Appro d as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) Head of epa tmen (Member Member Nay 1978 442936 ABSTRACT Volatile Constituents in a Wood Pyrolysis Oil.../120 Supelcoport. Other trace constituents of volatile acid were also 'dentifi="' by trap- ping the substances from the C. C. column into i: n;- 0-sh ped capillary tube and subjecting to mass spectrometry. The corrosivity of pyrolysis oil and it, volati'e acids...

Lin, Shih-Chien

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Partitioning of Volatile Organics in Diesel Particulate and Exhaust  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Evaluation of how sampling details affect the measurement of volatile organic compounds in diesel exhaust

36

The Role of Volatiles in Coal Combustion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Our knowledge of the role of volatiles in coal combustion ranges at this time from the self-evident to the ambiguous. The clearest point on which all agree is that pyrolysis will occur during the total coal co...

Robert H. Essenhigh; Eric M. Suuberg

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Volatile Organic Compounds Emissions from Biomass Combustion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) from biomass combustion have been investigated. VOC contribute both to ... 0.510 MW. A variety of biomass fuel types and combustion equipment was covered. The su...

Lennart Gustavsson; Mats-Lennart Karlsson

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Kiowa County Commons Building  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This poster describes the energy efficiency features and sustainable materials used in the Kiowa County Commons Building in Greensburg, Kansas.

39

Identifying Sources of Volatile Organic Compounds and Aldehydes in a High  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Identifying Sources of Volatile Organic Compounds and Aldehydes in a High Identifying Sources of Volatile Organic Compounds and Aldehydes in a High Performance Building Title Identifying Sources of Volatile Organic Compounds and Aldehydes in a High Performance Building Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-3979e Year of Publication 2010 Authors Ortiz, Anna C., Marion L. Russell, Wen-Yee Lee, Michael G. Apte, and Randy L. Maddalena Pagination 29 Date Published 09/2010 Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley Abstract The developers of the Paharpur Business Center (PBC) and Software Technology Incubator Park in New Delhi, India offer an environmentally sustainable building with a strong emphasis on energy conservation, waste minimization and superior indoor air quality (IAQ). To achieve the IAQ goal, the building utilizes a series of air cleaning technologies for treating the air entering the building. These technologies include an initial water wash followed by ultraviolet light treatment and biolfiltration using a greenhouse located on the roof and numerous plants distributed throughout the building. Even with the extensive treatment of makeup air and room air in the PBC, a recent study found that the concentrations of common volatile organic compounds and aldehydes appear to rise incrementally as the air passes through the building from the supply to the exhaust. This finding highlights the need to consider the minimization of chemical sources in buildings in combination with the use of advanced air cleaning technologies when seeking to achieve superior IAQ. The goal of this project was to identify potential source materials for indoor chemicals in the PBC. Samples of building materials, including wood paneling (polished and unpolished), drywall, and plastic from a hydroponic drum that was part of the air cleaning system, were collected from the building for testing. All materials were collected from the PBC building and shipped to the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) for testing. The materials were pre-conditioned for two different time periods before measuring material and chemical specific emission factors for a range of VOCs and Aldehydes. Of the six materials tested, we found that the highest emitter of formaldehyde was new plywood paneling. Although polish and paint contribute to some VOC emissions, the main influence of the polish was in altering the capacity of the surface to accumulate formaldehyde. Neither the new nor aged polish contributed significantly to formaldehyde emissions. The VOC emission stream (excluding formaldehyde) was composed of up to 18 different chemicals and the total VOC emissions ranged in magnitude from 7 μg/m2/h (old wood with old polish) to >500 μg/m2/h (painted drywall). The formaldehyde emissions from drywall and old wood with either new or old polish were ~ 15 μg/m2/h while the new wood material emitted > 100 μg/m2/h. However, when the projected surface area of each material in the building was considered, the new wood, old wood and painted drywall material all contributed substantially to the indoor formaldehyde loading while the coatings contributed primarily to the VOCs

40

Modelling oil price volatility with structural breaks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we provide two main innovations: (i) we analyze oil prices of two prominent markets namely West Texas Intermediate (WTI) and Brent using the two recently developed tests by Narayan and Popp (2010) and Liu and Narayan, 2010 both of which allow for two structural breaks in the data series; and (ii) the latter method is modified to include both symmetric and asymmetric volatility models. We identify two structural breaks that occur in 1990 and 2008 which coincidentally correspond to the Iraqi/Kuwait conflict and the global financial crisis, respectively. We find evidence of persistence and leverage effects in the oil price volatility. While further extensions can be pursued, the consideration of asymmetric effects as well as structural breaks should not be jettisoned when modelling oil price volatility.

Afees A. Salisu; Ismail O. Fasanya

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility specifications commonly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Volatile Species Retention During Metallic Fuel Casting  

SciTech Connect

Metallic nuclear fuels are candidate transmutation fuel forms for advanced fuel cycles. Through the operation of the Experimental Breeder Reactor II metallic nuclear fuels have been shown to be robust and easily manufactured. However, concerns have been raised concerning loss of americium during the casting process because of its high vapor pressure. In order to address these concerns a gaseous diffusion model was developed and a series of experiments using both manganese and samarium as surrogates for americium were conducted. The modeling results showed that volatility losses can be controlled to essentially no losses with a modest overpressure. Experimental results also showed volatile species retention down to no detectable losses through overpressure, although the loss values varied from the model results the same trend was seen. Bases on these results it is very probably that americium losses through volatility can be controlled to no detectable losses through application of a modest overpressure during casting.

Randall S. Fielding; Douglas L. Proter

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Oxidation and Volatilization from Tungsten Brush High Heat Flux Armor During High Temperature Steam Exposure  

SciTech Connect

Tungsten brush accommodates thermal stresses and high heat flux in fusion reactor components such as plasma facing surfaces or armor. However, inherently higher surface areas are introduced with the brush design. We have tested a specific design of tungsten brush in steam between 500 and 1100C. Hydrogen generation and tungsten volatilization rates were determined to address fusion safety issues. The brush prepared from 3.2-mm diameter welding rods had a packing density of 85 percent. We found that both hydrogen generation and tungsten volatilization from brush, fixtured to represent a unit within a larger component, were less than projections based upon the total integrated surface area (TSA). Steam access and the escape of hydrogen and volatile oxide from void spaces within the brush are restricted compared to specimens with more direct diffusion pathways to the test environment. Hydrogen generation rates from restrained specimens based on normal surface area (NSA) remain about five times higher than rates based on total surface areas from specimens with direct steam access. Volatilization rates from restrained specimens based upon normal surface area (NSA) were only 50 percent higher than our historic cumulative maximum flux plot (CMFP) for tungsten. This study has shown that hydrogen generation and tungsten volatilization from brush do not scale according to predictions with previously determined rates, but in fact, with higher packing density could approach those from flat surfaces.

Smolik, Galen Richard; Pawelko, Robert James; Anderl, Robert Andrew; Petti, David Andrew

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

FIELD SCREENING FOR HALOGENATED VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS  

SciTech Connect

Western Research Institute (WRI) is continuing work toward the development of new screening methodology and a test kit to measure halogenated volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the field. Heated diode and corona discharge sensors are commonly used to detect leaks of refrigerants from air conditioners, freezers, and refrigerators. They are both selective to the presence of halogens. In prior work, the devices were tested for response to carbon tetrachloride, heptane, toluene, and water vapors. In the current work, sensor response was evaluated with sixteen halogenated VOCs relative to carbon tetrachloride. The results show that the response of the various chlorinated VOCs is within an order of magnitude of the response to carbon tetrachloride for each of the sensors. Thus, for field screening a single response factor can be used. Both types of leak detectors are being further modified to provide an on-board LCD signal readout, which is related to VOC concentration. The units will be fully portable and will operate with 115-V line or battery power. Signal background, noise level, and response data on the Bacharach heated diode detector and the TIF corona discharge detector show that when the response curves are plotted against the log of concentration, the plot is linear to the upper limit for the particular unit, with some curvature at lower levels. When response is plotted directly against concentration, the response is linear at the low end and is curved at the high end. The dynamic ranges for carbon tetrachloride of the two devices from the lower detection limit (S/N=2) to signal saturation are 4-850 vapor parts per million (vppm) for the corona discharge unit and 0.01-70 vppm for the heated diode unit. Additional circuit modifications are being made to lower the detection limit and increase the dynamic response range of the corona discharge unit. The results indicate that both devices show potential utility for future analytical method development work toward the goal of developing a portable test kit for screening halogenated VOCs in the field.

John F. Schabron; Joseph F. Rovani, Jr.; Theresa M. Bomstad

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Non-volatile memory for checkpoint storage  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system, method and computer program product for supporting system initiated checkpoints in high performance parallel computing systems and storing of checkpoint data to a non-volatile memory storage device. The system and method generates selective control signals to perform checkpointing of system related data in presence of messaging activity associated with a user application running at the node. The checkpointing is initiated by the system such that checkpoint data of a plurality of network nodes may be obtained even in the presence of user applications running on highly parallel computers that include ongoing user messaging activity. In one embodiment, the non-volatile memory is a pluggable flash memory card.

Blumrich, Matthias A.; Chen, Dong; Cipolla, Thomas M.; Coteus, Paul W.; Gara, Alan; Heidelberger, Philip; Jeanson, Mark J.; Kopcsay, Gerard V.; Ohmacht, Martin; Takken, Todd E.

2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

45

Forecasting Volatility in Stock Market Using GARCH Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Forecasting volatility has held the attention of academics and practitioners all over the world. The objective for this master's thesis is to predict the volatility in stock market by using generalized autoregressive ...

Yang, Xiaorong

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Sequential #optimal consumption and investment for stochastic volatility markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sequential #­optimal consumption and investment for stochastic volatility markets with unknown investment and consumption problem for a Black­Scholes financial market with stochastic volatility sequential estimation. We show that the consumption and investment strategy calculated through

47

Volatility Relationship between Crude Oil and Petroleum Products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper utilizes calculated historical volatility and GARCH models to compare the historical price volatility behavior of crude oil, motor gasoline and heating oil in U.S. markets since 1990. ... GARCH/TARCH m...

Thomas K. Lee; John Zyren

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Common Help Room Hours  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Common Help Room Hours for Spring 2015. Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday. 10:30 am. 11:30 am. MA 16200 - MATH 205 - Nathanael Cox...

49

Common Help Room Hours  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Common Help Room Hours for Spring 2015. Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday. 10:30 am. 11:30 am. MA 16010 - MATH 205 - Alessandra...

50

X-ray elemental online analyzer measures volatiles  

SciTech Connect

The use of an online XRF analyser for determining the volatiles content of coal is outlined. 3 figs.

Klein, A.; Pilz, K.; Reich, K. [Indutech Instruments GmbH, Simmersfeld (Germany)

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

51

COMMODITY PRICE VOLATILITY ACROSS EXCHANGE RATE REGIMES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 COMMODITY PRICE VOLATILITY ACROSS EXCHANGE RATE REGIMES John T. Cuddington* and Hong Liang** March 10, 2003 ABSTRACT This paper documents a new "stylized fact" regarding the relative price 1880 to 1996, this key relative price among two categories of tradable goods is shown to exhibit

52

Volatilization characteristics of solid recovered fuels (SRFs)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The volatilization characteristics of three MSW-derived materials (FO, RT and FL) produced by local waste-management companies were investigated as potential solid recovered fuels (SRFs). FL was prepared from sorted domestic waste and consisted of non-recyclable plastics, refuse paper and biomass. RT and FO were obtained through active hygienization of unsorted MSW and refuse materials from selective waste-collection streams. RT was rich in plastics and had low biomass, whereas FO was mainly biomass and refuse paper. The rate of energy release during volatilization depended on the content of biomass and plastic, especially at a low conversion. Major contaminants had different rates of volatilization. Nitrogen and sulfur tended to accumulate in the charred solid, and were released as SO2 and nitrous oxides during both the volatilizationcombustion stage and the char burning stage. Chlorine release was faster for the fuels rich in plastic waste. According to their ash melting characteristics and slagging indexes (Fs: 1188C for FO, 1192C for RT and 1234C for FL) the three fuels were equivalent to commercial SRFs. The three fuels showed potential as standardized SRF, although it would be desirable to reduce their chlorine content and, in the case of FO, to increase its heating value.

Daniel Montan; Snia Abell; Xavier Farriol; Csar Berrueco

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Understanding Price Volatility in Electricity Markets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper illustrates notions of volatility associated with power systems spot prices for electricity. The paper demonstrates a frequency-domain method useful to separate out periodic price variations from random variations. It then uses actual observed ... Keywords: electricity spot pricing, risk management

Fernando L. Alvarado; Rajesh Rajaraman

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Approximate hedging problem with transaction costs in stochastic volatility markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Approximate hedging problem with transaction costs in stochastic volatility markets Thai Huu Nguyen stochastic volatility markets with transaction costs using a new form for enlarged volatility in Leland between the present setting and high frequency markets with transaction costs. Possibilities to improve

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

55

Online measurements of the emissions of intermediate-volatility and semi-volatile organic compounds from aircraft  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A detailed understanding of the climate and air quality impacts of aviation requires measurements of the emissions of intermediate-volatility and semi-volatile organic compounds (I/SVOCs) from aircraft. Currently both the ...

Herndon, S. C.

56

In-Situ Containment and Extraction of Volatile Soil Contaminants  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention relates to a novel approach to containing and removing toxic waste from a subsurface environment. More specifically the present invention relates to a system for containing and removing volatile toxic chemicals from a subsurface environment using differences in surface and subsurface pressures. The present embodiment generally comprises a deep well, a horizontal tube, at least one injection well, at least one extraction well and a means for containing the waste within the waste zone (in-situ barrier). During operation the deep well air at the bottom of well (which is at a high pressure relative to the land surface as well as relative to the air in the contaminated soil) flows upward through the deep well (or deep well tube). This stream of deep well air is directed into the horizontal tube, down through the injection tube(s) (injection well(s)) and into the contaminate plume where it enhances volatization and/or removal of the contaminants.

Varvel, Mark Darrell

2005-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

57

Common Coil Papers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

on the common coil magnet design with Ramesh Gupta as a major author on the common coil magnet design with Ramesh Gupta as a major author (unless noted). There are many other papers on common coil magnet by several other authors that are not listed here. R. Gupta, et. al, "React & Wind Nb3Sn Common Coil Dipole", Presented at ASC 2006, August 27- September 1, 2006 in Seattle, WA, USA. J. Cozzolino, et. al., "Magnet Engineering and Test Results of the High Field Magnet R&D Program at BNL", Presented at the Applied Superconductivity Conference at Houston, TX, USA (2002). R. Gupta, et al., “R & D for Accelerator Magnets with React and Wind High Temperature Superconductors,” International Conference on Magnet Technology (MT-17) at Geneva, Switzerland (2001)... (Click here for Talk) J. Escallier, et al., "Technology Development for React and Wind

58

An Introduction Common Criteria  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(Germany), NLNCSA (Netherlands), CESG (UK), NIST (USA) and NSA (USA). Contents 2 This document provides... Page 3 Page 4 Page 6 Page 8 Page 10 Page 12 Page 14 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 #12;Common Criteria

Sandhu, Ravi

59

Volatility forecasting with smooth transition exponential smoothing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Adaptive exponential smoothing methods allow smoothing parameters to change over time, in order to adapt to changes in the characteristics of the time series. This paper presents a new adaptive method for predicting the volatility in financial returns. It enables the smoothing parameter to vary as a logistic function of user-specified variables. The approach is analogous to that used to model time-varying parameters in smooth transition generalised autoregressive conditional heteroskedastic (GARCH) models. These non-linear models allow the dynamics of the conditional variance model to be influenced by the sign and size of past shocks. These factors can also be used as transition variables in the new smooth transition exponential smoothing (STES) approach. Parameters are estimated for the method by minimising the sum of squared deviations between realised and forecast volatility. Using stock index data, the new method gave encouraging results when compared to fixed parameter exponential smoothing and a variety of GARCH models.

James W. Taylor

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Pressure maintenance in a volatile oil reservoir  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reservoir. Historically, produced and makeup gas was injected to maintain pressure. In today's economy. gas has an increasing market value compared to the price of oil. Therefore, it becomes increasingly difficult to justify economically the injection... of produced gas and the purchase of additional make up gas to maintain reservoir pressure. Accordingly, water injection to maintain pressure becomes more favorable economically. This research investigated water injection into a volatile oil reservoir...

Schuster, Bruce Alan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility specifications commonly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

The Common Communication Interface (CCI)  

SciTech Connect

There are many APIs for connecting and exchanging data between network peers. Each interface varies wildly based on metrics including performance, portability, and complexity. Specifically, many interfaces make design or implementation choices emphasizing some of the more desirable metrics (e.g., performance) while sacrificing others (e.g., portability). As a direct result, software developers building large, network-based applications are forced to choose a specific network API based on a complex, multi-dimensional set of criteria. Such trade-offs inevitably result in an interface that fails to deliver some desirable features. In this paper, we introduce a novel interface that both supports many features that have become standard (or otherwise generally expected) in other communication interfaces, and strives to export a small, yet powerful, interface. This new interface draws upon years of experience from network-oriented software development best practices to systems-level implementations. The goal is to create a relatively simple, high-level communication interface with low barriers to adoption while still providing important features such as scalability, resiliency, and performance. The result is the Common Communications Interface (CCI): an intuitive API that is portable, efficient, scalable, and robust to meet the needs of network-intensive applications common in HPC and cloud computing.

Shipman, Galen M [ORNL; Atchley, Scott [ORNL; Dillow, David A [ORNL; Geoffray, Patrick [ORNL; Bosilca, George [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Squyres, Jeffrey M [ORNL; Minnich, Ronald [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Selective Trapping of Volatile Fission Products with an Off-Gas Treatment System  

SciTech Connect

A head-end processing step, termed DEOX for its emphasis on decladding via oxidation, is being developed for the treatment of spent oxide fuel by pyroprocessing techniques. The head-end step employs high temperatures to oxidize UO2 to U3O8 resulting in the separation of fuel from cladding and the removal of volatile fission products. Development of the head-end step is being performed in collaboration with the Korean Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI) through an International Nuclear Energy Research Initiative. Following the initial experimentation for the removal of volatile fission products, an off-gas treatment system was designed in conjunction with KAERI to collect specific fission gases. The primary volatile species targeted for trapping were iodine, technetium, and cesium. Each species is intended to be collected in distinct zones of the off-gas system and within those zones, on individual filters. Separation of the volatile off-gases is achieved thermally as well as chemically given the composition of the filter media. A description of the filter media and a basis for its selection will be given along with the collection mechanisms and design considerations. In addition, results from testing with the off-gas treatment system will be presented.

B.R. Westphal; J.J. Park; J.M. Shin; G.I. Park; K.J. Bateman; D.L. Wahlquist

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

NETL: Ambient Monitoring - Contribution of Semi-volatile Organic Material  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Semi-volatile Organics in PM Semi-volatile Organics in PM This project is a cooperative effort between Brigham Young University (BYU) and researchers from the DOE-NETL Office of Science and and Engineering Research to determine the contribution of semi-volatile particulate organic compounds (SVOC) to total ambient suspended fine particulate mass at the NETL-Pittsburgh air monitoring facility. Project funding comes from DOE‘s University Coal Research (UCR) program. The hypothesis of the project is that fine particulate mass will be significantly under-determined in urban environments using single filter samplers such as the PM2.5 Federal Reference Method (FRM) because of the loss of semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOC) from the particles during sampling and storage. It is postulated that fine particulate mass, including the semi-volatile fine particulate organic species, are an appropriate surrogate for the components of fine particles which are associated with observed mortality and morbidity effects in epidemiological studies. Further, it is postulated that the most important fraction of the semi-volatile organic material with respect to exacerbation of health problems will be semi-volatile secondary compounds formed from reactions of volatile organic material with ozone and nitrogen oxides. Under-determination of these semi-volatile species will tend to over emphasize the importance of non-volatile fine particulate components such as sulfate or may reduce the significance of correlations with measured health effects.

64

Modelling and forecasting fossil fuels, CO2 and electricity prices and their volatilities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the current uncertain context that affects both the world economy and the energy sector, with the rapid increase in the prices of oil and gas and the very unstable political situation that affects some of the largest raw materials producers, there is a need for developing efficient and powerful quantitative tools that allow to model and forecast fossil fuel prices, CO2 emission allowances prices as well as electricity prices. This will improve decision making for all the agents involved in energy issues. Although there are papers focused on modelling fossil fuel prices, CO2 prices and electricity prices, the literature is scarce on attempts to consider all of them together. This paper focuses on both building a multivariate model for the aforementioned prices and comparing its results with those of univariate ones, in terms of prediction accuracy (univariate and multivariate models are compared for a large span of days, all in the first 4 months in 2011) as well as extracting common features in the volatilities of the prices of all these relevant magnitudes. The common features in volatility are extracted by means of a conditionally heteroskedastic dynamic factor model which allows to solve the curse of dimensionality problem that commonly arises when estimating multivariate GARCH models. Additionally, the common volatility factors obtained are useful for improving the forecasting intervals and have a nice economical interpretation. Besides, the results obtained and methodology proposed can be useful as a starting point for risk management or portfolio optimization under uncertainty in the current context of energy markets.

Carolina Garca-Martos; Julio Rodrguez; Mara Jess Snchez

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Commonizing Uncommon Sense  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Commonizing Uncommon Sense Commonizing Uncommon Sense The universe that Einstein discovered—in which time doesn’t pass at the same rate for everyone, space bends, and chance prevails where we would expect certainties—seems strange to us, but becomes easier to understand once we realize that our everyday situation is the unusual one. Imagine that you had never known how different people’s customs are in other countries. One day you travel to another country, far from your own, where they do things not just slightly differently, but very differently. Not being forewarned of this, you might be greatly surprised, and find yourself having to spend a lot more time than you expected getting used to the differences. Your understanding of the culture could develop in at least one of two

66

Most Commonly Identified Recommendations  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Most Commonly Identified Recommendations Most Commonly Identified Recommendations DOE ITP In Depth ITP Energy Assessment Webcast Presented by: Dr. Bin Wu, Director, Professor of Industrial Engineering Dr. Sanjeev Khanna, Assistant Director, Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering With Contribution From MO IAC Student Engineers: Chatchai Pinthuprapa Jason Fox Yunpeng Ren College of Engineering, University of Missouri. April 16, 2009 Missouri Industrial Assessment Center Missouri IAC is one of the 26 centers founded by the U.S. DOE in the nation. Since its establishment in 2005, we have been working closely with the MoDNR, the MU University Extension, utility providers in the state, etc, to provide education, development and services in industrial energy efficiency. Our services (audits, workshops, etc), have already covered many locations across the state of Missouri.

67

Common tester platform concept.  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the results of a case study on the doctrine of a common tester platform, a concept of a standardized platform that can be applicable across the broad spectrum of testing requirements throughout the various stages of a weapons program, as well as across the various weapons programs. The common tester concept strives to define an affordable, next-generation design that will meet testing requirements with the flexibility to grow and expand; supporting the initial development stages of a weapons program through to the final production and surveillance stages. This report discusses a concept investing key leveraging technologies and operational concepts combined with prototype tester-development experiences and practical lessons learned gleaned from past weapons programs.

Hurst, Michael James

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Oxidation and volatilization of a niobium alloy. Fusion Safety Program/Activation Products Task  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the findings from a preliminary investigation into oxidation and volatilization characteristics of a niobium alloy. Niobium is a candidate alloy for use in plasma facing components (PFCS) in experimental fusion reactors like the Intemational Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). An experimental alloy was tailored to simulate small changes in chemistry which could result from transmutations from irradiation. The alloy was exposed in air and steam between 800{degree}C and 1200{degree}C. Volatilized products and hydrogen were collected and measured. Post-test examinations were also performed on the samples to determine the amount of material loss during the exposures. The obtained measurements of volatilization flux (g/m{sup 2}-s), hydrogen generation rates (liters/m{sup 2}-s), and recession rates (mm/s) are data which can be used for safety analyses and material performance to predict consequences which may result from an accident involving the ingress of air or steam into the plasma chamber of fusion reactor. In our volatility tests, only molybdenum and niobium were found at release levels above the detection limit. Although molybdenum is present at only 0.12 wt%, the quantities of this element volatilized in air are nearly comparable to the quantities of niobium released. The niobium release in steam is only three to four times higher than that of molybdenum in steam. The hydrogen production of the niobium alloy is compared with other PFC materials that we have tested, specifically, beryllium, graphite, and a tunesten alloy. At high temperatures, the hydrogen production rate of the niobium alloy is among the lowest of these materials, significantly lower than beryllium. To understand what this means in an accident situation, modeling is necessary to predict temperatures, and therefore total hydrogen production. The INEL is currently doing this modeling.

Smolik, G.R.; McCarthy, K.A.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Volatiles as a link between planetary interiors and the environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Volatiles derived from planetary interiors influence magma evolution and environmental processes. Over appropriate timescales, Earth's mantle, crust, ocean, and atmosphere constitute coupled systems. The apparently synchronous ...

Black, Benjamin A. (Benjamin Alexander)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Price and volatility relationships in the Australian electricity market.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents a collection of papers that has been published, accepted or submitted for publication. They assess price, volatility and market relationships in the (more)

Higgs, Helen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Common Platform Enumeration: Applicability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and public welfare by providing technical leadership for the nation's measurement and standards, Adam Halbardier of Booz Allen Hamilton, Seth Hanford of Cisco Systems, Inc., Tim Keanini of n meet for conformance with the CPE Applicability Language version 2.3 specification. Trademark

72

A Comment on \\The Cross-Section of Volatility and Expected Returns": The Statistical Signi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on "The Cross-Section of Volatility and Expected Returns":on The Cross-Section of Volatility and Expected Returns:the pricing of aggregate volatility risk and idiosyncratic

Anderson, Robert M.; Bianchi, Stephen W.; Goldberg, Lisa R.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Functional Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Functional Specifications Functional Specifications Services Overview ECS Audio/Video Conferencing Fasterdata IPv6 Network Network Performance Tools (perfSONAR) ESnet OID Registry PGP Key Service Virtual Circuits (OSCARS) OSCARS Case Study Documentation User Manual FAQ Design Specifications Functional Specifications Notifications Publications Authorization Policy Default Attributes Message Security Clients For Developers Interfaces Links Hardware Requirements DOE Grids Service Transition Contact Us Technical Assistance: 1 800-33-ESnet (Inside the US) 1 800-333-7638 (Inside the US) 1 510-486-7600 (Globally) 1 510-486-7607 (Globally) Report Network Problems: trouble@es.net Provide Web Site Feedback: info@es.net Functional Specifications OSCARS Reservation Manager - Functional Specifications Year 3 Update (DRAFT)

74

Terrorism, country attributes, and the volatility of stock returns  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study investigates the interplay between terrorism and finance, focusing on the stock return volatility of American firms targeted by terrorist attacks. We find terrorism risk is an important factor in explaining the volatility of stock returns, which should be taken into account when modelling volatility. Using a volatility event-study approach and a new bootstrapping technique, we find volatility increases on the day of the attack and remain significant for at least fifteen days following the day of the attack. Cross-sectional analysis of the abnormal volatility indicates that the impact of terrorist attacks differs according to the country characteristics in which the incident occurred. We find that firms operating in wealthier, or more democratic countries, face greater volatility in stock returns relative to firms operating in developing countries. Firm exposure varies with the nature of country location, with country wealth and level of democracy playing an important role in explaining the likelihood of a terrorist attack. Our results show that despite significant terrorist events this past decade, stock markets in developed countries have not taken terrorist risk into sufficient consideration.

Naceur Essaddam; John M. Karagianis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Nitrogen Trifluoride-Based Fluoride- Volatility Separations Process: Initial Studies  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the results of our investigations on the potential use of nitrogen trifluoride as the fluorinating and oxidizing agent in fluoride volatility-based used nuclear fuel reprocessing. The conceptual process uses differences in reaction temperatures between nitrogen trifluoride and fuel constituents that produce volatile fluorides to achieve separations and recover valuable constituents. We provide results from our thermodynamic evaluations, thermo-analytical experiments, kinetic models, and provide a preliminary process flowsheet. The evaluations found that nitrogen trifluoride can effectively produce volatile fluorides at different temperatures dependent on the fuel constituent.

McNamara, Bruce K.; Scheele, Randall D.; Casella, Andrew M.; Kozelisky, Anne E.

2011-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

76

Design Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Design Design Specifications Services Overview ECS Audio/Video Conferencing Fasterdata IPv6 Network Network Performance Tools (perfSONAR) ESnet OID Registry PGP Key Service Virtual Circuits (OSCARS) OSCARS Case Study Documentation User Manual FAQ Design Specifications Functional Specifications Notifications Publications Authorization Policy Default Attributes Message Security Clients For Developers Interfaces Links Hardware Requirements DOE Grids Service Transition Contact Us Technical Assistance: 1 800-33-ESnet (Inside the US) 1 800-333-7638 (Inside the US) 1 510-486-7600 (Globally) 1 510-486-7607 (Globally) Report Network Problems: trouble@es.net Provide Web Site Feedback: info@es.net Design Specifications OSCARS Reservation Manager - Design Specifications Year 3 Update (DRAFT) David Robertson, Chin Guok

77

Growth History Of Kilauea Inferred From Volatile Concentrations In  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

History Of Kilauea Inferred From Volatile Concentrations In History Of Kilauea Inferred From Volatile Concentrations In Submarine-Collected Basalts Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Growth History Of Kilauea Inferred From Volatile Concentrations In Submarine-Collected Basalts Details Activities (4) Areas (2) Regions (0) Abstract: Major-element and volatile (H2O, CO2, S) compositions of glasses from the submarine flanks of Kilauea Volcano record its growth from pre-shield into tholeiite shield-stage. Pillow lavas of mildly alkalic basalt at 2600-1900 mbsl on the upper slope of the south flank are an intermediate link between deeper alkalic volcaniclastics and the modern tholeiite shield. Lava clast glasses from the west flank of Papau Seamount are subaerial Mauna Loa-like tholeiite and mark the contact between the two

78

Field Derived Emission Factors For Formaldehyde and other Volatile Organic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Field Derived Emission Factors For Formaldehyde and other Volatile Organic Field Derived Emission Factors For Formaldehyde and other Volatile Organic Compounds in FEMA Temporary Housing Units Title Field Derived Emission Factors For Formaldehyde and other Volatile Organic Compounds in FEMA Temporary Housing Units Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-4083E Year of Publication 2010 Authors Parthasarathy, Srinandini, Randy L. Maddalena, Marion L. Russell, and Michael G. Apte Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley Abstract Sixteen previously occupied temporary housing units (THUs) were studied to assess emissions of volatile organic compounds. The whole trailer emission factors were evaluated for 36 VOCs including formaldehyde. Indoor sampling was carried out in the THUs located in Purvis staging yard in Mississippi, USA. Indoor temperature and relative humidity (RH) were also measured in all the trailers during sampling. Indoor temperatures were varied (increased or decreased) in a selection of THUs using the

79

Volatility of Vanadia from Vanadia-Based SCR Catalysts under...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Vanadia from Vanadia-Based SCR Catalysts under Accelerated Aging Conditions Volatility of Vanadia from Vanadia-Based SCR Catalysts under Accelerated Aging Conditions TiO2-supported...

80

Volatility and Growth: Credit Constraints and the Composition of Investment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How does uncertainty and credit constraints affect the cyclical composition of investment and thereby volatility and growth? This paper addresses this question within a model where firms engage in two types of investment: ...

Aghion, Philippe

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility specifications commonly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Financial distortions and the distribution of global volatility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, I study the interactions between various aspects of the financial system and macroeconomic volatility in a globally integrated environment. In Chapter 1, I illustrate that an efficient allocation of liquidity ...

Eden, Maya Rachel

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

The impact of fuel price volatility on transportation mode choice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years, the price of oil has driven large fluctuations in the price of diesel fuel, which is an important cost component in freight logistics. This thesis explores the impact of fuel price volatility on supply ...

Kim, Eun Hie

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

In Vitro Genotoxicity of Particulate and Semi-Volatile Organic...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Particulate and Semi-Volatile Organic Compound Exhaust Materails from a Set of Gasoline and a Set of Diesel Engine Vehicles Operated at 30F In Vitro Genotoxicity of Particulate...

84

Specific Viscosity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

n Equal to the relative viscosity of the same solution minus one. It represents the increase in viscosity that may be contributed by the polymeric solute. The specific viscosity, ?sp is defined by th...

Jan W. Gooch

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Volatiles from sheep wool and the modification of wool odour  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Compounds in the headspace of a variety of wool samples and greases have been analysed with the aid of solid phase microextraction using a carboxen-polydimethylsiloxane coated fibre. Volatiles were analysed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, while sulphur-containing compounds were analysed using gas chromatography/pulsed flame photometric detector. The volatile organic compounds released from scoured sheep wool and wool grease were investigated in vials under dry and humid conditions between 20 and 40C. A laboratory scale scouring apparatus was also used to investigate the emission of volatiles at different stages of the wool scouring process. A variety of volatile compounds, including sulphur-containing compounds, were emitted with their concentration increasing with temperature and humidity in most cases. There was a progressive decrease in the number of volatiles released after various stages of the wool scouring process. Wool grease emitted an assortment of volatile compounds, many of which were also detected in the headspace of scoured wool. Degradation of wool and particularly wool grease is thought to be responsible for the occurrence of the detected compounds. Use of an odour index helped identify possible contributors to the odour of wool, but unqualified proof remains elusive because of the possibility that compounds present at concentrations below detection limits may have made a contribution. A major aim of this work was to improve the odour of scoured wool. To achieve this aim two antioxidants were separately incorporated into the wool scouring process. In both cases, this resulted in a reduction of the number of headspace volatile compounds detected, and a distinct improvement in the pleasantness of the odour with an accompanying reduction in the odour intensity.

A.M Lisovac; D Shooter

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

A numerical solution to three-dimensional multiphase transport of volatile organic compounds in unsaturated soils -- with an application to the remedial method of in-situ volatilization. Part I: Theoretical development  

SciTech Connect

Part I of this paper presents the development and application of a numerical model for determining the fate and transport of volatile organic compounds (VOCS) in the unsaturated zone resulting from forced volatilization and gaseous advection-dispersion of organic vapor in a multipartitioned three-dimensional environment. The model allows for single-component transport in the gas and water phases. The hydrocarbon is assumed to be in specific retention and, therefore, immobile. Partitioning of the hydrocarbon between the oil, water, gas, and soil is developed as rate-limited functions that are incorporated into sink/source terms in the transport equations. The code for the model was developed specifically to investigate in-situ volatilization (ISV) remedial strategies, predict the extent of cleanup from information obtained at a limited number of measurement locations, and to help design ISV remedial systems. Application of the model is demonstrated for a hypothetical one-dimensional ISV system. Part II of this paper will present the analysis of an existing ISV system using the full three-dimensional capability of the model.

Filley, T.; Tomasko, D.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Modelling futures price volatility in energy markets: Is there a role for financial speculation?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper models volatility in four energy futures markets, adopting GARCH models. The variance equation is enriched with alternative measures of speculation, based on CFTC data: the market share of non-commercial traders, the Working's T index, and the percentage of net long positions of non-commercials over total open interest in future markets. It also includes a control for market liquidity. We consider four energy commodities (light sweet crude oil, heating oil, gasoline and natural gas) over the period 20002014, analysed at weekly frequency. We find that speculation presents a negative and significant sign. The robustness exercise shows that: i) results remain unchanged through different model specifications (GARCH-in-mean, EGARCH, and TARCH); ii) results are robust to different specifications of the mean and variance equation.

Matteo Manera; Marcella Nicolini; Ilaria Vignati

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Temporal Geochemical Variations In Volatile Emissions From Mount St Helens,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Temporal Geochemical Variations In Volatile Emissions From Mount St Helens, Temporal Geochemical Variations In Volatile Emissions From Mount St Helens, Usa, 1980-1994 Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Temporal Geochemical Variations In Volatile Emissions From Mount St Helens, Usa, 1980-1994 Details Activities (2) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Fumarole discharges (95-560°C) collected from the dacite dome inside Mount St. Helens crater show temporal changes in their isotopic and chemical compositions. A ΔD vs. Δ18O plot shows that condensed waters from the gases are mixtures of meteoric and magmatic components, but that the apparent magmatic end-member in 1994 was depleted by about 7‰ in ΔD relative to the apparent end-member in 1980. Based on ΔD modeling, approximately 63% of shallow, post-1980 magma has yet to degas.

89

Volatiles in hydrothermal fluids- A mass spectrometric study of fluid  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Volatiles in hydrothermal fluids- A mass spectrometric study of fluid Volatiles in hydrothermal fluids- A mass spectrometric study of fluid inclusions from active geothermal systems Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Report: Volatiles in hydrothermal fluids- A mass spectrometric study of fluid inclusions from active geothermal systems Details Activities (4) Areas (4) Regions (0) Abstract: A system for analysis of inclusion gas contents based upon quadrupole mass spectrometry has been designed, assembled and tested during the first 7 months of funding. The system is currently being tested and calibrated using inclusions with known gas contents from active geothermal systems. Analyses are in progress on inclusions from the Salton Sea, Valles Caldera, Geysers, and Coso geothermal systems. Author(s): Mckibben, M. A.

90

Impact of Storage Time on the Needed Capture Efficiency for Volatile Radionuclides - 13369  

SciTech Connect

During the processing of used nuclear fuel (UNF), volatile radionuclides will be discharged from the facility stack if no recovery processes are in place to limit their release. The volatile radionuclides of concern are {sup 3}H, {sup 14}C, {sup 85}Kr, and {sup 129}I. There are three key regulations that address the release of these radionuclides to the environment- 40 CFR 61, 40 CFR 190, and 10 CFR 20. These regulations apply to the total radionuclide release and establish dose limits for the maximum exposed individual (MEI) in the public both in terms of whole body dose and dose to specific organs such as the thyroid. Each radionuclide released to the environment contributes to the total dose to some degree. In this paper we attempt to evaluate the efficiency requirements for the capture processes to limit the doses to the MEI to regulatory levels. Since the total amount of each volatile radionuclide present in the UNF changes with the age of the fuel, the respective capture requirements also change with time. Specifically, we are interested in the impact of the decreasing contribution of {sup 3}H and {sup 85}Kr, which have relatively short half-lives, 12.32 y and 10.76 y, respectively, with the increasing age of the fuel (i.e., time between when the UNF is removed from the reactor and the time it is processed) on the capture requirements. In this paper we examine the capture requirements for these four radionuclides for three fuel types (pressurized water reactor [PWR] with uranium oxide fuel [UOX], PWR with mixed oxide fuel [MOX], and an advanced high temperature gas-cooled reactor [AHTGR]), several burnup values, and time out of reactor extending to 200 y. We calculate doses to the MEI with the EPA code CAP-88 and look at two dose contribution cases. In the first case, we assume that the total allowable dose is attributed to only the four volatile radionuclides. This establishes the lowest capture efficiency value possible. Since this is unrealistic, because it assumes zero dose contribution from all other radionuclides, we also examine a second case, where only 10% of the allowable dose is assigned to the four volatile radionuclides. We calculate the required decontamination factors (DFs) for both of these cases for the three fuel types, multiple fuel burnups, and fuel ages and determine whether or not the dose to the whole body or to the thyroid that drives the capture requirements would require additional effluent controls for the shorter half-life volatile radionuclides based on dose considerations. This analysis indicates that the principal isotopes of concern are generally {sup 3}H and {sup 129}I, the latter requiring the highest DFs. The maximum DF value for {sup 129}I is 8000 for the evaluated cases and assumptions used. ?60 for fresh fuels. The DF for {sup 14}C could be as high as 30 for certain fuels. These values are based on just meeting the regulatory limits, and additional engineering margins (perhaps 3x to 10x or higher) should be applied to provide a safety factor for compliance. However, by assuming less conservative dose allocations, taller stacks, different radionuclide speciation, fuel aging, and other reprocessing facility design and location parameters, the DF requirements could be significantly reduced. (authors)

Jubin, R.T.; Ilas, G. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37849 (United States)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37849 (United States); Soelberg, N.R. [Idaho National Laboratory (United States)] [Idaho National Laboratory (United States); Strachan, D.M. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (United States)] [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Characterization of a Root-Specific Arabidopsis Terpene Synthase Responsible for the Formation of the Volatile  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

monoterpenes, many sesqui- terpenes, and a few diterpenes have high vapor pres- sure at ambient temperature,8-cineole predominating. This protein was therefore designated AtTPS-Cin. The purified recombinant AtTPS and lateral roots, but not in the root meristem or the elongation zone. Although the products of AtTPS

Tholl, Dorothea

92

Commons Capital | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Commons Capital Commons Capital Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Commons Capital Name Commons Capital Address 320 Washington Street, 4th floor Place Brookline, Massachusetts Zip 02445 Region Greater Boston Area Product Early-stage venture capital fund. Phone number (617) 739-3500 Website http://www.commonscapital.com/ Coordinates 42.3333887°, -71.1201943° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.3333887,"lon":-71.1201943,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

93

VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS 1 Vehicle Features Base Vehicle: 2011 Chevrolet Volt VIN: 1G1RD6E48BUI00815 Class: Compact Seatbelt Positions: 4 Type 2 : Multi-Mode PHEV (EV, Series, and Power-split) Motor Type: 12-pole permanent magnet AC synchronous Max. Power/Torque: 111 kW/370 Nm Max. Motor Speed: 9500 rpm Cooling: Active - Liquid cooled Generator Type: 16-pole permanent magnet AC synchronous Max. Power/Torque: 55 kW/200 Nm Max. Generator Speed: 6000 rpm Cooling: Active - Liquid cooled Battery Manufacturer: LG Chem Type: Lithium-ion Cathode/Anode Material: LiMn 2 O 4 /Hard Carbon Number of Cells: 288 Cell Config.: 3 parallel, 96 series Nominal Cell Voltage: 3.7 V Nominal System Voltage: 355.2 V Rated Pack Capacity: 45 Ah Rated Pack Energy: 16 kWh Weight of Pack: 435 lb

94

VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Page 1 of 5 Page 1 of 5 VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS 1 Vehicle Features Base Vehicle: 2011 Nissan Leaf VIN: JN1AZ0CP5BT000356 Class: Mid-size Seatbelt Positions: 5 Type: EV Motor Type: Three-Phase, Four-Pole Permanent Magnet AC Synchronous Max. Power/Torque: 80 kW/280 Nm Max. Motor Speed: 10,390 rpm Cooling: Active - Liquid cooled Battery Manufacturer: Automotive Energy Supply Corporation Type: Lithium-ion - Laminate type Cathode/Anode Material: LiMn 2 O 4 with LiNiO 2 /Graphite Pack Location: Under center of vehicle Number of Cells: 192 Cell Configuration: 2 parallel, 96 series Nominal Cell Voltage: 3.8 V Nominal System Voltage: 364.8 V Rated Pack Capacity: 66.2 Ah Rated Pack Energy: 24 kWh Max. Cell Charge Voltage 2 : 4.2 V Min. Cell Discharge Voltage 2 : 2.5 V

95

Integration of Micro Patterning Techniques into Volatile Functional Materials and Advanced Devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Novel micro patterning techniques have been developed for the patterning of volatile functional materials which cannot be conducted by conventional photolithography. First, in order to create micro patterns of volatile materials (such as bio...

Hong, Jung M.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

96

Marginalization and aggregation of exponential smoothing models in forecasting portfolio volatility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper examines exponentially weighted moving average models for predicting volatility and assessing risk in portfolios. It proposes a method that identifies the decay factors of the marginal volatility mo...

Giacomo Sbrana; Andrea Silvestrini

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

A two-dimensional volatility basis set Part 2: Diagnostics of organic-aerosol evolution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the use of a two-dimensional volatility-oxidation space (2-D-VBS) to describe organic-aerosol chemical evolution. The space is built around two coordinates, volatility and the degree of oxidation, both of which ...

Donahue, N. M.

98

Earnings and labour market volatility in Britain, with a transatlantic comparison  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We contribute new evidence about earnings and labour market volatility in Britain over the period 19922008, for women as well as men, and provide transatlantic comparisons (Most research about volatility refers to earnings volatility for US men.). Earnings volatility declined slightly for both men and women over the period but the changes are not statistically significant. When we look at labour market volatility, i.e. also including individuals with zero earnings in the calculations, there is a statistically significant decline in volatility for both women and men, with the fall greater for men. Using variance decompositions, we demonstrate that the fall in labour market volatility is largely accounted for by changes in employment attachment rates. We show that volatility trends in Britain, and what contributes to them, differ from their US counterparts in several respects.

Lorenzo Cappellari; Stephen P. Jenkins

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

ALDEHYDE AND OTHER VOLATILE ORGANIC CHEMICAL EMISSIONS IN FOUR FEMA TEMPORARY HOUSING UNITS FINAL REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Urea Formaldehyde Foam Insulation (UFFI), Consumer Productdiisobutyrate Urea Formaldehyde Foam Insulation orexpandable foam insulation Volatile Organic Chemical TMPD-

Maddalena, Randy L.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Oxidation and Volatilization from Tantalum Alloy T-222 During Air Exposure  

SciTech Connect

Tantalum alloys are one of the refractory metals with renewed consideration for high temperatures in fusion reactor applications. Tantalum alloys perform well in protective environments but oxidized readily in gases containing higher oxygen levels. In addition, the radioactive isotope Ta-182 would be produced in tantalum and could be a significant contributor to dose if mobilized. Other isotopes of importance are produced from tungsten and hafnium. Mobilization of activated products during an accident with air ingress is therefore a safety issue. In this study, we measured the extent of oxidation and mobilization from tantalum alloy T-222 oxidized in flowing air between 500 and 1200 C. This alloy nominally contains 10 wt% tungsten, 2.5 wt% hafnium and 0.01 wt% carbon. We found that the mobilization of Ta and Hf was closely linked to the occurrence of oxide spalling. These elements showed no migration from the test chamber. Some W was mobilized by volatilization as evidenced by transport from the chamber. Tungsten volatilization could occur primarily during initial stages of oxidation before an oxide scale forms and impedes the process. The mobilization of Ta and W are presented in terms of the mass flux (g/m 2 -h) as a function of test temperature. These measurements along with specific designs, activation calculations, and accident scenarios provide information useful for dose calculations of future fusion devices.

Smolik, G.R.; Petti, D.A.; Sharpe, J.P.; Schuetz, S.T.

2000-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility specifications commonly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Oxidation and Volatilization from Tantalum Alloy T-222 During Air Exposure  

SciTech Connect

Tantalum alloys are one of the refractory metals with renewed consideration for high temperatures in fusion reactor applications. Tantalum alloys perform well in protective environments but oxidized readily in gases containing higher oxygen levels. In addition, the radioactive isotope Ta-182 would be produced in tantalum and could be a significant contributor to dose if mobilized. Other isotopes of importance are produced from tungsten and hafnium. Mobilization of activated products during an accident with air ingress is therefore a safety issue. In this study, we measured the extent of oxidation and mobilization from tantalum alloy T-222 oxidized in flowing air between 500 and 1200C. This alloy nominally contains 10 wt% tungsten, 2.5 wt% hafnium and 0.01 wt% carbon. We found that the mobilization of Ta and Hf was closely linked to the occurrence of oxide spalling. These elements showed no migration from the test chamber. Some W was mobilized by volatilization as evidenced by transport from the chamber. Tungsten volatilization could occur primarily during initial stages of oxidation before an oxide scale forms and impedes the process. The mobilization of Ta and W are presented in terms of the mass flux (g/m 2 -h) as a function of test temperature. These measurements along with specific designs, activation calculations, and accident scenarios provide information useful for dose calculations of future fusion devices

Smolik, Galen Richard; Petti, David Andrew; Sharpe, John Phillip; Schuetz, Stanley Thomas

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Algorithms and Data Representations for Emerging Non-Volatile Memories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-volatile memory (NVM). NVMs provide excellent performance such as random access, high I/O speed, low power consumption, and so on. The storage density of NVMs keeps increasing following Moores law. However, higher storage density also brings significant data...

Li, Yue

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

103

Organizational Adaptation in Volatile Environments Kathleen M. Carley  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by environmental volatility. This paper uses a computational model of organizational learning to theorize about within an ecology of learning in which change is occurring at many levels -- individual, organizational organizational adaptation as resulting from strategic maneuvering in a learning ecology will be illustrated using

Sadeh, Norman M.

104

A Class of Stochastic Volatility Models for Environmental Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pharmaceuticals Inc. Ke Wang, Pfizer Inc. F. Jay Breidt, Colorado State University Richard A. Davis, Columbia stochastic volatility modeling to this context, resulting in a stochastic heteroscedastic process (SHP), which is unconditionally stationary and non-Gaussian. Conditional on a latent GP, the SHP

Breidt, F. Jay

105

Renewable Hydrogen from Nonvolatile Fuels by Reactive Flash Volatilization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...with refined soy oil, biodiesel (the volatile methyl...heat supplied. This process produces ?70% selectivity...intensification of the process into millisecond time...powders is possible. The process also requires further experiments, long-term evaluation, and modeling to...

J. R. Salge; B. J. Dreyer; P. J. Dauenhauer; L. D. Schmidt

2006-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

106

MAGNESIUM ABSORPTION IN THE CCUM OF RATS RELATED TO VOLATILE FATTY ACIDS PRODUCTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MAGNESIUM ABSORPTION IN THE C?CUM OF RATS RELATED TO VOLATILE FATTY ACIDS PRODUCTION Y. RAYSSIGUIER RELATIONS ENTRE L'ABSORPTION C,4ECALE DE MAGNESIUM CHEZ LE RAT ET LA PRODUCTION D'ACIDES GRAS VOLATILS du caecum, pH, acides gras volatils, activité microbienne. Introduction The mode of magnesium

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

107

CROWN/MERRILL DINING COMMONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-MERRILL APTS. TO PARKING LOT 111 TO MERRILL COLLEGE CROWN CIRCLE CROWN LIBRARY Library - 1st floor Computer Lab - 2nd floor Senior Commons - 3rd floor SCALE IN FEET 0 6030 Disabled parking space Disabled access path Disabled access ramp Power-assisted doors Emergency blue light phone Public phone Metered parking

Wilmers, Chris

108

Common Misconceptions about Software Architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Common Misconceptions about Software Architecture by Philippe Kruchten Rational Fellow Rational Software Canada References to architecture are everywhere: in every article, in every ad. And we take definition of software architecture. Are we all understanding the same thing? We gladly accept that software

van der Hoek, André

109

Volatility spillover effect of emerging markets and economic growth versus oil price volatility : the case of the Gulf Co-operation Council countries.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The relationship between stock markets returns, economic growth and oil price volatility has been an issue of considerable debate. While there are many studies showing (more)

Fayyad, Abdallah

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Explaining the convenience yield in the WTI crude oil market using realized volatility and jumps  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, we first provide an empirical evidence of the existence of intraday jumps in the crude oil price series. We then show that these jumps, in conjunction with realized volatility measures, are important in modeling the convenience yield over the 20012010 period. Our empirical results indicate that lagged jump mean only explains around 16% of the weekly convenience yield. Our best specification, including variation in inventories, 8-week realized variance and the 250-day jump mean is able to explain around 61% of the weekly convenience yield. Importantly, our results are not driven by the simultaneous determination of the various variables at work as we only use lagged variables in all regressions.

Benot Svi

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Coordinated Multi-layer Multi-domain Optical Network (COMMON) for Large-Scale Science Applications (COMMON)  

SciTech Connect

We intend to implement a Coordinated Multi-layer Multi-domain Optical Network (COMMON) Framework for Large-scale Science Applications. In the COMMON project, specific problems to be addressed include 1) anycast/multicast/manycast request provisioning, 2) deployable OSCARS enhancements, 3) multi-layer, multi-domain quality of service (QoS), and 4) multi-layer, multidomain path survivability. In what follows, we outline the progress in the above categories (Year 1, 2, and 3 deliverables).

Vokkarane, Vinod [University of Massachusetts

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Introduction Nested common intervals on permutations Nested common intervals on sequences Conclusion Finding Nested Common Intervals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conclusion Comparing genomes Genomes evolved from a common ancestor tend to share the same varieties of gene clusters used in genomes comparison. . . . seeking for gene clusters between their genomes. A gene cluster = a set of genes appearing, in spatial proximity along the chromosome, in at least two genomes. G. Blin

Blin, Guillaume

113

Volatile Energy Costs and the Floundering Deregulation of Electricity: A  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Volatile Energy Costs and the Floundering Deregulation of Electricity: A Volatile Energy Costs and the Floundering Deregulation of Electricity: A Fresh Look at Integrating Supply-Side and Demand-Side Resources Speaker(s): Bill Kelly Robert Redlinger Date: January 19, 2001 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3148 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Julie Osborn The restructuring of the California electricity industry has not proceeded as intended. A generation capacity shortage, combined with spiraling natural gas costs and a flawed electricity market structure, have led to unprecedented wholesale electricity prices, power outages, and a political and financial crisis for the State. This crisis will not be solved through increasing electricity supply alone. Energy industry observers agree that 1.) energy efficiency, 2.) distributed on-site generation, and 3.) price

114

Comments on Americium Volatilization during Fuel Fabrication for Fast Reactors  

SciTech Connect

The physical processes relevant to the fabrication of metallic and ceramic nuclear fuels are analyzed, with attention to recycling of fuels containing U, Pu, and minor volatile actinides for the use in fast reactors. This analysis is relevant to the development of a process model that can be used for the numerical simulation and prediction of the spatial distribution of composition in the fuel, an important factor in fuel performance.

Sabau, Adrian S [ORNL; Ohriner, Evan Keith [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

FIELD SCREENING FOR HALOGENATED VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS: THE NEW X-WAND HVOC SCREENING DEVICE  

SciTech Connect

Western Research Institute (WRI) has developed new methodology and a test kit to screen soil or water samples for halogenated volatile organic compounds (HVOCs) in the field. The technology has been designated the X-Wand{trademark} screening tool. The new device uses a heated diode sensor that is commonly used to detect leaks of refrigerants from air conditioners, freezers, and refrigerators. This sensor is selective to halogens. It does not respond to volatile aromatic hydrocarbons, such as those in gasoline, and it is not affected by high humidity. In the current work, the heated diode leak detectors were modified further to provide units with rapid response and enhanced sensitivity. The limit of detection for trichloroethylene TCE in air is 0.1 mg/m{sup 3} (S/N = 2). The response to other HVOCS relative to TCE is similar. Variability between sensors and changes in a particular sensor over time can be compensated for by normalizing sensor readings to a maximum sensor reading at 1,000 mg/m{sup 3} TCE. The soil TCE screening method was expanded to include application to water samples. Assuming complete vaporization, the detection limit for TCE in soil is about 1 ug/kg (ppb) for a 25-g sample in an 8-oz jar. The detection limit for TCE in water is about 1 ug/L (ppb) for a 25-mL sample in an 8-oz jar. This is comparable to quantitation limits of EPA GC/MS laboratory methods. A draft ASTM method for screening TCE contaminated soils using a heated diode sensor was successfully submitted for concurrent main committee and subcommittee balloting in ASTM Committee D 34 on Waste Management. The method was approved as ASTM D 7203-05, Standard Test Method for Screening Trichloroethylene (TCE)-Contaminated Soil Using a Heated Diode Sensor.

John F. Schabron; Susan S. Sorini; Joseph F. Rovani Jr

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Volatility of Power Grids under Real-Time Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper proposes a framework for modeling and analysis of the dynamics of supply, demand, and clearing prices in power system with real-time retail pricing and information asymmetry. Real-time retail pricing is characterized by passing on the real-time wholesale electricity prices to the end consumers, and is shown to create a closed-loop feedback system between the physical layer and the market layer of the power system. In the absence of a carefully designed control law, such direct feedback between the two layers could increase volatility and lower the system's robustness to uncertainty in demand and generation. A new notion of generalized price-elasticity is introduced, and it is shown that price volatility can be characterized in terms of the system's maximal relative price elasticity, defined as the maximal ratio of the generalized price-elasticity of consumers to that of the producers. As this ratio increases, the system becomes more volatile, and eventually, unstable. As new demand response technolo...

Roozbehani, Mardavij; Mitter, Sanjoy K

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Characteristics of the volatile organic compounds -- Arid Integrated Demonstration Site  

SciTech Connect

The Volatile Organic Compounds -- Arid Integrated Demonstration Program (VOC-Arid ID) is targeted at demonstration and testing of technologies for the evaluation and cleanup of volatile organic compounds and associated contaminants at arid DOE sites. The initial demonstration site is an area of carbon tetrachloride (CCl{sub 4}) contamination located near the center of the Hanford Site. The movement of CCl{sub 4} and other volatile organic contaminants in the subsurface is very complex. The problem at the Hanford Site is further complicated by the concurrent discharge of other waste constituents including acids, lard oil, organic phosphates, and transuranic radionuclides. In addition, the subsurface environment is very complex, with large spatial variabilities in hydraulic properties. A thorough understanding of the problem is essential to the selection of appropriate containment, retrieval, and/or in situ remedial technologies. The effectiveness of remedial technologies depends on knowing where the contaminants are, how they are held up in a given physical and chemical subsurface environment; and knowing the physical, chemical, and microbiological changes that are induced by the various remedial technologies.

Last, G.V.; Lenhard, R.J.; Bjornstad, B.N.; Evans, J.C.; Roberson, K.R.; Spane, F.A.; Amonette, J.E.; Rockhold, M.L.

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Volatile organic compound losses from sewage sludge-amended soils  

SciTech Connect

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) applied to soil in sludge have been assumed to disappear quickly and completely. The VOC behavior in sludge-amended soils has been studied previously only in laboratory systems where the sludged soil has been spiked with compounds of interest. Behavior in these systems may not necessarily represent compound behavior in field soils to which contaminated sludge is added. A series of laboratory microcosm experiments were designed therefore to investigate the behavior of toluene, ethyl benzene, o-, m-, and p-xylene applied to soil in contaminated sludge, and factors influencing loss processes. The VOC loss from sludge-amended soil was well described by a simple one step pseudo-first-order model but in certain soils was better described by a two step first-order model. Volatilization was the predominant loss process. Rates of loss depended on sludge application rate, method of sludge application, soil properties, and on compound characteristics. Experiments indicated that spiking sludge-amended soils gave a reasonable indication of VOC loss rates from systems amended with contaminated sludge at least over a period of 23 d. The majority of VOCs applied to soils in sludge volatilizes quickly to the atmosphere over a few to 10s of days with a small fraction lost more slowly. Potential for VOC crop uptake, livestock ingestion, and contamination of ground water is low under routine, managed applications of sewage sludge to agricultural land.

Wilson, S.C.; Jones, K.C.

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Measurement of Passive Uptake Rates for Volatile Organic Compounds on  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Measurement of Passive Uptake Rates for Volatile Organic Compounds on Measurement of Passive Uptake Rates for Volatile Organic Compounds on Commercial Thermal Desorption Tubes and the Effect of Ozone on Sampling Title Measurement of Passive Uptake Rates for Volatile Organic Compounds on Commercial Thermal Desorption Tubes and the Effect of Ozone on Sampling Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-6257E Year of Publication 2013 Authors Maddalena, Randy L., Amanda Parra, Marion L. Russell, and Wen-Yee Lee Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley Keywords indoor air quality, Passive Sampling, Uptake Rates, vocs Abstract Diffusive or passive sampling methods using commercially filled axial-sampling thermal desorption tubes are widely used for measuring volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in air. The passive sampling method provides a robust, cost effective way to measure air quality with time-averaged concentrations spanning up to a week or more. Sampling rates for VOCs can be calculated using tube geometry and Fick's Law for ideal diffusion behavior or measured experimentally. There is evidence that uptake rates deviate from ideal and may not be constant over time. Therefore, experimentally measured sampling rates are preferred. In this project, a calibration chamber with a continuous stirred tank reactor design and constant VOC source was combined with active sampling to generate a controlled dynamic calibration environment for passive samplers. The chamber air was augmented with a continuous source of 45 VOCs ranging from pentane to diethyl phthalate representing a variety of chemical classes and physiochemical properties. Both passive and active samples were collected on commercially filled Tenax TA thermal desorption tubes over an 11-day period and used to calculate passive sampling rates. A second experiment was designed to determine the impact of ozone on passive sampling by using the calibration chamber to passively load five terpenes on a set of Tenax tubes and then exposing the tubes to different ozone environments with and without ozone scrubbers attached to the tube inlet. During the sampling rate experiment, the measured diffusive uptake was constant for up to seven days for most of the VOCs tested but deviated from linearity for some of the more volatile compounds between seven and eleven days. In the ozone experiment, both exposed and unexposed tubes showed a similar decline in terpene mass over time indicating back diffusion when uncapped tubes were transferred to a clean environment but there was no indication of significant loss by ozone reaction.

120

Development and Characterization of a Thermodenuder for Aerosol Volatility Measurements  

SciTech Connect

This SBIR Phase I project addressed the critical need for improved characterization of carbonaceous aerosol species in the atmosphere. The proposed work focused on the development of a thermodenuder (TD) system capable of systematically measuring volatility profiles of primary and secondary organic aerosol species and providing insight into the effects of absorbing and nonabsorbing organic coatings on particle absorption properties. This work provided the fundamental framework for the generation of essential information needed for improved predictions of ambient aerosol loadings and radiative properties by atmospheric chemistry models. As part of this work, Aerodyne Research, Inc. (ARI) continued to develop and test, with the final objective of commercialization, an improved thermodenuder system that can be used in series with any aerosol instrument or suite of instruments (e.g., aerosol mass spectrometers-AMS, scanning mobility particle sizers-SMPS, photoacoustic absorption spectrometers-PAS, etc.) to obtain aerosol chemical, physical, and optical properties as a function of particle volatility. In particular, we provided the proof of concept for the direct coupling of our improved TD design with a full microphysical model to obtain volatility profiles for different organic aerosol components and to allow for meaningful comparisons between different TD-derived aerosol measurements. In a TD, particles are passed through a heated zone and a denuding (activated charcoal) zone to remove semi-volatile material. Changes in particle size, number concentration, optical absorption, and chemical composition are subsequently detected with aerosol instrumentation. The aerosol volatility profiles provided by the TD will strengthen organic aerosol emission inventories, provide further insight into secondary aerosol formation mechanisms, and provide an important measure of particle absorption (including brown carbon contributions and identification, and absorption enhancements due to coatings on soot particles). The successfully completed Phase I project included construction of a prototype design for the TD with detailed physical modeling, testing with laboratory and ambient aerosol particles, and the initiation of a detailed microphysical model of the aerosol particles passing through the TD to extract vapor pressure distributions. The objective of the microphysical model is to derive vapor pressure distributions (i.e. vapor pressure ranges, including single chemical compounds, mixtures of known compounds, and complex real-world aerosols, such as SOA, and soot particles with absorbing and nonabsorbing coatings) from TD measurements of changes in particle size, mass, and chemical composition for known TD temperatures and flow rates (i.e. residence times). The proposed Phase II project was designed to optimize several TD systems for different instrument applications and to combine the hardware and modeling into a robust package for commercial sales.

Dr. Timothy Onasch

2009-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

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121

Consideration of common cause failures in safety systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Systems in which failure could endanger human life are termed safety-critical. The SIS (Safety Instrumented System) should be designed to meet the required safety integrity level as defined in the safety requirement specification. Moreover, the SIS design ... Keywords: IEC 61508, beta-factor-model, common cause failure, multi parameter model, probability of failure on demand

J. Brcsk; P. Holub

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

1 Emerging versus developed volatility indexes. The comparison of VIW20 and VIX index.1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling of financial markets volatility is one of the most significant issues of contemporary finance, especially while analyzing high-frequency data. Accurate quantification and forecast of volatility are of immense importance in risk management (VaR models, stress testing and worst case scenario), models of capital market and options valuation techniques. What we show in this paper is the methodology for calculating volatility index for Polish capital market (VIW20 index anticipating expected volatility of WIG20 index). The methods presented are based on VIX index (VIX White Paper, 2003) and enriched with necessary modifications corresponding with the character of Polish options market. Quoted on CBOE, VIX index is currently known as the best measure of capital investment risk perfectly illustrating the level of fear and emotions of market participants. The conception of volatility index is based on combination of realized volatility and implied volatility which, using methodology of Derman et al. (1999) and reconstructing volatility surface, reflects both volatility smile as well as its term structure. The research is carried out using high-frequency data (i.e. tick data) for index options on WIG20 index for the period November 2003- May 2007, in other words, starting with the introduction of options by Warsaw Stock

Robert ?lepaczuk; Grzegorz Zakrzewski

123

Effects of Ethanol and Volatility Parameters on Exhaust Emissions of Light-Duty Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

26-28, 2005 THE EFFECTS OF ETHANOL AND VOLATILITY PARAMETERSare changed to include ethanol. While past studies of theincluding many with ethanol, there are some contradictory

Durbin, T; Miller, J W; Huai, T; Cocker III, D R; Younglove, Y

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Vehicular emission of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from a tunnel study in Hong Kong  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemistry and Physics Vehicular emission of volatile organicY. , and Huang, Y. S. : Emission factors and characteristicslight-duty vehicle emissions, Environ. Sci. Technol. , 30,

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Improvement of SOFC Electrodes through Catalyst Infiltration & Control of Cr Volatilization from FeCr Components  

SciTech Connect

This presentation discusses the improvement of SOFC electrodes through catalyst infiltration and control of Cr volatilization from FeCr components.

Visco, S.J.; Jacobson, C.; Kurokawa, H.; Sholklapper, T.; Lu, C.; De Jonghe, L.

2005-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

126

Essays on the volatility and spillover effects of oil and food price shocks.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis comprises five self contained but related essays on the volatility and spillover effects of oil and food price shocks, making contributions to the (more)

Alom, Fardous

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Stochastic volatility models with persistent latent factors: theory and its applications to asset prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

consider the nonlinear nonstationary state-space model given by yt = radicalbig f(xt,?) ut, xt+1 = ?xt +vt+1,(2.1) where I make the following assumptions: Assumption 1: The volatility function is given by (2.2) f(xt,?) = + ?1+exp(??(x t ??)) , where ? = (.... Assumption 2: (xt) is a scalar latent volatility factor and |?| ? 1, I describe the volatility factor, (xt) explicitly in the transition equation because I am interested in the linkage between it and macro economic fundamentals. I assume that this volatility...

Lee, Hyoung Il

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

128

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne volatile organic Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

predicting volatile organic concentration levels immediately downwind of wastewater treatment facilities... aeration which is used to increase the purification capacity also...

129

E-Print Network 3.0 - acidos grasos volatiles Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

signal that triggers the release of plant volatiles; one or more elicitors from the oral secretion allow Source: Par, Paul W. - Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Texas...

130

Oil consumption, pollutant emission, oil proce volatility and economic activities in selected Asian Developing Economies.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??It is now well established in the literature that oil consumption, oil price shocks, and oil price volatility may impact the economic activities negatively. Studies (more)

Rafiq, Shuddhasattwa

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Ammonia volatilization from N fertilizers surface applied on bermudagrass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- vestigate the feasibility of CaC1 as a urea hydrolysis depressant. Laboratory In a simple nonaerated experiment in air-tight jars, CaCl ad- 2 ditive with urea depressed urea hydrolysis as measured by reduction in NH3 volatilization N loss from 48 to 3...% as a result of inhibiting bio- logical activity. This depression likely resulted from retarded micro- bial activity because CaC12 salt induced high osmotic pressure. In an aerated experiment which circulated air over treated soil, more similar...

Panossian, Jack B.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Effect of Outside Air Ventilation Rate on Volatile Organic Compound  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Outside Air Ventilation Rate on Volatile Organic Compound Outside Air Ventilation Rate on Volatile Organic Compound Concentrations in a Call Center Title Effect of Outside Air Ventilation Rate on Volatile Organic Compound Concentrations in a Call Center Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2003 Authors Hodgson, Alfred T., David Faulkner, Douglas P. Sullivan, Dennis L. DiBartolomeo, Marion L. Russell, and William J. Fisk Journal Atmospheric Environment Volume 37 Start Page Chapter Pagination 5517-5528 Abstract A study of the relationship between outside air ventilation rate and concentrations of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) generated indoors was conducted in a call center office building. The building, with two floors and a floor area of 4,600 m2, was located in the San Francisco Bay Area, CA. Ventilation rates were manipulated with the building's four air handling units (AHUs). VOC concentrations in the AHU returns were measured on seven days during a 13-week period. VOC emission factors were determined for individual zones on days when they were operating at near steady-state conditions. The emission factor data were subjected to principal component (PC) analysis to identify groups of co-varying compounds. Potential sources of the PC vectors were ascribed based on information from the literature supporting the associations. Two vectors with high loadings of compounds including formaldehyde, 2,2,4-trimethyl-1,3- pentanediol monoisobutyrate, decamethylcyclopentasiloxane (d5 siloxane), and isoprene likely identified occupant-related sources. One vector likely represented emissions from building materials. Another vector represented emissions of solvents from cleaning products. The relationships between indoor minus outdoor VOC concentrations and ventilation rate were qualitatively examined for eight VOCs. Of these, acetaldehyde and hexanal, which were likely associated with material sources, and d5 siloxane exhibited general trends of higher concentrations at lower ventilation rates. For other compounds, the operation of the building and variations in pollutant generation and removal rates apparently combined to obscure the inverse relationship between VOC concentrations and ventilation. This result emphasizes the importance of utilizing source control measures, in addition to adequate ventilation, to limit concentrations of VOCs of concern in office buildings

133

Detection of Volatile Organics Using a Surface Acoustic Wave Array System  

SciTech Connect

A chemical sensing system based on arrays of surface acoustic wave (SAW) delay lines has been developed for identification and quantification of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The individual SAW chemical sensors consist of interdigital transducers patterned on the surface of an ST-cut quartz substrate to launch and detect the acoustic waves and a thin film coating in the SAW propagation path to perturb the acoustic wave velocity and attenuation during analyte sorption. A diverse set of material coatings gives the sensor arrays a degree of chemical sensitivity and selectivity. Materials examined for sensor application include the alkanethiol-based self-assembled monolayer, plasma-processed films, custom-synthesized conventional polymers, dendrimeric polymers, molecular recognition materials, electroplated metal thin films, and porous metal oxides. All of these materials target a specific chemical fi.mctionality and the enhancement of accessible film surface area. Since no one coating provides absolute analyte specificity, the array responses are further analyzed using a visual-empirical region-of-influence (VERI) pattern recognition algorithm. The chemical sensing system consists of a seven-element SAW array with accompanying drive and control electronics, sensor signal acquisition electronics, environmental vapor sampling hardware, and a notebook computer. Based on data gathered for individual sensor responses, greater than 93%-accurate identification can be achieved for any single analyte from a group of 17 VOCs and water.

ANDERSON, LAWRENCE F.; BARTHOLOMEW, JOHN W.; CERNOSEK, RICHARD W.; COLBURN, CHRISTOPHER W.; CROOKS, R.M.; MARTINEZ, R.F.; OSBOURN, GORDON C.; RICCO, A.J.; STATON, ALAN W.; YELTON, WILLIAM G.

1999-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

134

Heating System Specification Specification of Heating System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Appendix A Heating System Specification /* Specification of Heating System (loosely based */ requestHeat : Room ­? bool; 306 #12; APPENDIX A. HEATING SYSTEM SPECIFICATION 307 /* user inputs */ livingPattern : Room ­? behaviour; setTemp : Room ­? num; heatSwitchOn, heatSwitchOff, userReset : simple

Day, Nancy

135

Designing the Microbial Research Commons  

SciTech Connect

Recent decades have witnessed an ever-increasing range and volume of digital data. All elements of the pillars of science--whether observation, experiment, or theory and modeling--are being transformed by the continuous cycle of generation, dissemination, and use of factual information. This is even more so in terms of the re-using and re-purposing of digital scientific data beyond the original intent of the data collectors, often with dramatic results. We all know about the potential benefits and impacts of digital data, but we are also aware of the barriers, the challenges in maximizing the access, and use of such data. There is thus a need to think about how a data infrastructure can enhance capabilities for finding, using, and integrating information to accelerate discovery and innovation. How can we best implement an accessible, interoperable digital environment so that the data can be repeatedly used by a wide variety of users in different settings and with different applications? With this objective: to use the microbial communities and microbial data, literature, and the research materials themselves as a test case, the Board on Research Data and Information held an International Symposium on Designing the Microbial Research Commons at the National Academy of Sciences in Washington, DC on 8-9 October 2009. The symposium addressed topics such as models to lower the transaction costs and support access to and use of microbiological materials and digital resources from the perspective of publicly funded research, public-private interactions, and developing country concerns. The overall goal of the symposium was to stimulate more research and implementation of improved legal and institutional models for publicly funded research in microbiology.

Uhlir, Paul F

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

New Soil Volatile Organic Compound Samplers U S  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Soil Volatile Organic Soil Volatile Organic Compound Samplers U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f E n e r g y * O f f i c e o f F o s s i l E n e r g y N a t i o n a l E n e r g y T e c h n o l o g y L a b o r a t o r y Successes AdvAnced ReseARch To support coal and power systems development, NETL's Advanced Research Program conducts a range of pre-competitive research focused on breakthroughs in materials and processes, coal utilization science, sensors and controls, computational energy science, and bioprocessing-opening new avenues to gains in power plant efficiency, reliability, and environmental quality. NETL also sponsors cooperative educational initiatives in University Coal Research, Historically Black Colleges and Universities, and Other Minority Institutions. Accomplishments P Process improvement P Cost reduction P Greater efficiency

137

Common Carbon Metric | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Common Carbon Metric Common Carbon Metric Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Common Carbon Metric Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme, World Resources Institute Sector: Energy Focus Area: Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Industry Topics: GHG inventory, Implementation Resource Type: Guide/manual, Publications Website: www.unep.org/sbci/pdfs/Common-Carbon-Metric-for_Pilot_Testing_220410.p Common Carbon Metric Screenshot References: Common Carbon Metrics [1] "This paper is offered by the United Nations Environment Programme's Sustainable Buildings & Climate Initiative (UNEP-SBCI), a partnership between the UN and public and private stakeholders in the building sector, promoting sustainable building practices globally. The purpose of this

138

Volatility-- a statistical comparison between the secondary and primary home markets : the lower Cape's volatility and average return compared to three Boston area primary markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis attempts to analyze the long-standing perception that the secondary home market, homes built in and around vacation areas, is more volatile than the primary home market. For the first time, this study measures ...

Knight, Craig, 1971-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

A method to characterise the volatile release of solid recovered fuels (SRF)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A method was developed and successfully applied to characterise the de-volatilisation process of solid recovered fuels (SRF). Following the definitions of the European initiative on SRF standardisation CEN/TC 343, this kind of fuels have to be produced from non-hazardous bio-residues, mixed- and mono-waste streams, and they are designated to be used either in mono- or co-combustion processes. Consequently, SRF are in most cases heterogeneous fuel mixtures. The de-volatilisation process was identified as highly relevant due to the nature of fuel: most SRF components do not evolve a char comparable to coal. Furthermore, large particle sizes do not allow the application of common approaches to determine kinetic parameters. The method presented in this paper relies on thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA). By successful combination with other well-established analytical procedures, the obtainable information towards the de-volatilisation process was largely improved. The method allows a quantification of energy and elemental distribution between volatiles and char during the de-volatilisation process in relation to the particle temperature. The data can be used to compare SRF or SRF components with other known fuels such as lignite and biomass. Moreover, the data is suitable as input data for combustion models. Focus of this paper is the analytical procedure including the required calculations. In addition, first results are presented and some ideas towards the use of the results are discussed.

Th. Hilber; M. Martensen; J. Maier; G. Scheffknecht

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Experimental studies and thermodynamic modelling of volatilities of uranium, plutonium, and americium from their oxides and from their oxides interacted with ash  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study is to identify the types and amounts of volatile gaseous species of U, Pu, and Am that are produced in the combustion chamber offgases of mixed waste oxidation processors. Primary emphasis is on the Rocky Flats Plant Fluidized Bed Incinerator. Transpiration experiments have been carried out on U{sub 3}O{sub 8}(s), U{sub 3}O{sub 8} interacted with various ash materials, PuO{sub 2}(s), PuO{sub 2} interacted with ash materials, and a 3%PuO{sub 2}/0.06%AmO{sub 2}/ash material, all in the presence of steam and oxygen, and at temperatures in the vicinity of 1,300 K. UO{sub 3}(g) and UO{sub 2}(OH){sub 2}(g) have been identified as the uranium volatile species and thermodynamic data established for them. Pu and Am are found to have very low volatilities, and carryover of Pu and Am as fine dust particulates is found to dominate over vapor transport. The authors are able to set upper limits on Pu and Am volatilities. Very little lowering of U volatility is found for U{sub 3}O{sub 8} interacted with typical ashes. However, ashes high in Na{sub 2}O (6.4 wt %) or in CaO (25 wt %) showed about an order of magnitude reduction in U volatility. Thermodynamic modeling studies were carried out that show that for aluminosilicate ash materials, it is the presence of group I and group II oxides that reduces the activity of the actinide oxides. K{sub 2}O is the most effective followed by Na{sub 2}O and CaO for common ash constituents. A more major effect in actinide activity lowering could be achieved by adding excess group I or group II oxides to exceed their interaction with the ash and lead to direct formation of alkali or alkaline earth uranates, plutonates, and americates.

Krikorian, O.H.; Ebbinghaus, B.B.; Adamson, M.G.; Fontes, A.S. Jr.; Fleming, D.L.

1993-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility specifications commonly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Differential volatile emissions and salicylic acid levels from tobacco  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pv. tabaci (Pstb), with tobacco plants resulted in a different volatile blend, consisting of MeORIGINAL ARTICLE Differential volatile emissions and salicylic acid levels from tobacco plants / Published online: 24 April 2003 ? Springer-Verlag 2003 Abstract Pathogen-induced plant responses include

Raina, Ramesh

142

Intra-daily variations in volatility and transaction costs in the Credit Default Swap market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Intra-daily variations in volatility and transaction costs in the Credit Default Swap market Andras : Credit Default Swap, Intra-daily patterns, Stochastic transaction costs, Volatility, Interdealer market on the Microstructure of Financial Markets in Hong Kong, the 2008 Credit conference in Venice, the Third Annual Risk

Del Moral , Pierre

143

A Gaussian Approximation Scheme for Computation of Option Prices in Stochastic Volatility Models 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

perform well on simulated joint price and options data that follow the log-linear stocastic volatility of Mathematics University of Alabama Tuscaloosa AL, 35487-0350. February 2007 1Research supported by National process that follows the log-linear stochastic volatil- ity model. There are three stochastic integrals

Ji, Chuanshu

144

Opportunities for reducing volatile organic compound emissions in manufacturing office furniture partitions: a feasibility analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A feasibility analysis is reported of reduction opportunities for volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions in manufacturing office furniture partitions. The pollution prevention (P2) methodology as defined by the Ontario Ministry of the Environment ... Keywords: emissions, manufacturing, office furniture, pollution prevention, volatile organic compound

Frank S. Luisser; Marc A. Rosen

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Arid site characterization and technology assessment: Volatile Organic Compounds-Arid Integrated Demonstration  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) Volatile Organic Compounds-Arid Integrated Demonstration (VOC-Arid ID) program was initiated in March 1991 to evaluate technologies for all phases of remediation of VOCs in soils and groundwater at DOE arid/semiarid sites. The primary site for field demonstrations under the VOC-Arid ID program is the Hanford Site. The purpose of this report is to describe (1) the bases for technologies currently under evaluation in the VOC-Arid ID program; (2) the types of subsurface contamination at DOE arid/semiarid sites; and (3) the areas of potential common technology interests based on perceived technology needs at other DOE sites. This report was compiled by Pacific Northwest Laboratory in response to DOE`s Office of Technology Development`s mission to carry out an aggressive program to accelerate the development and implementation of new and existing technologies to meet a 30-year goal set by DOE in June 1989 to clean up all of its sites and to bring all sites into compliance with current and future environmental regulations. A key component of this program is the development of technologies that are better, faster, safer, and cheaper than those technologies currently available. Included in this report are an evaluation of technologies currently (fiscal year 1993) being pursued at the Hanford Site under the auspices of the VOC-Arid ID program, an assessment of subsurface contaminants at arid/semiarid sites, a summarization of technologies under consideration at other DOE sites, a discussion of areas of potential common technology interests, and the conclusions. Also included are a summary of the extent of contamination at the DOE arid/semiarid sites under consideration and a bibliography of source documents from which this report was prepared.

Riley, R.G.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

COMMON KNOWLEDGE, COHERENT UNCERTAINTIES AND CONSENSUS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMMON KNOWLEDGE, COHERENT UNCERTAINTIES AND CONSENSUS by Yakov Ben-Haim TECHNICAL REPORT ETR-2001 of Mechanical Engineering #12;Working Paper Common Knowledge, Coherent Uncertainties and Consensus Yakov Ben- and knowledge-functions, common knowledge and consensus. Our main results are that knowledge is constricted

Rimon, Elon

147

STUDENT LEARNING COMMONS PLANNING 2007-2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STUDENT LEARNING COMMONS PLANNING 2007-2010 Elaine Fairey, Director, Student Learning Commons Lynn delivery 4. Space 5. Internal relations 6. External relations Introduction The Student Learning Commons (SLC) was created in response to the report on Student Learning Support Services (October 2004

148

Student Learning Commons Questions & Answers for Faculty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Student Learning Commons Questions & Answers for Faculty What is the SFU Student Learning Commons? The Student Learning Commons (SLC), is an academic learning centre which provides peer-based assistance with library reference, computer assistance, and other student academic support services. SLC programs

149

System for loading executable code into volatile memory in a downhole tool  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for loading an executable code into volatile memory in a downhole tool string component comprises a surface control unit comprising executable code. An integrated downhole network comprises data transmission elements in communication with the surface control unit and the volatile memory. The executable code, stored in the surface control unit, is not permanently stored in the downhole tool string component. In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the downhole tool string component comprises boot memory. In another embodiment, the executable code is an operating system executable code. Preferably, the volatile memory comprises random access memory (RAM). A method for loading executable code to volatile memory in a downhole tool string component comprises sending the code from the surface control unit to a processor in the downhole tool string component over the network. A central processing unit writes the executable code in the volatile memory.

Hall, David R. (Provo, UT); Bartholomew, David B. (Springville, UT); Johnson, Monte L. (Orem, UT)

2007-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

150

Using futures prices to filter short-term volatility and recover a latent, long-term price series for oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oil prices are very volatile. But much of this volatility seems to reflect short-term,transitory factors that may have little or no influence on the price in the long run. Many major investment decisions should be guided ...

Herce, Miguel Angel

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Detection of volatile organic compounds using surface enhanced Raman scattering  

SciTech Connect

The authors present the detection of volatile organic compounds directly in their vapor phase by surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrates based on lithographically-defined two-dimensional rectangular array of nanopillars. The type of nanopillars is known as the tapered pillars. For the tapered pillars, SERS enhancement arises from the nanofocusing effect due to the sharp tip on top. SERS experiments were carried out on these substrates using various concentrations of toluene vapor. The results show that SERS signal from a toluene vapor concentration of ppm level can be achieved, and the toluene vapor can be detected within minutes of exposing the SERS substrate to the vapor. A simple adsorption model is developed which gives results matching the experimental data. The results also show promising potential for the use of these substrates in environmental monitoring of gases and vapors.

Chang, A S; Maiti, A; Ileri, N; Bora, M; Larson, C C; Britten, J A; Bond, T C

2012-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

152

Bioorganic nanodots for non-volatile memory devices  

SciTech Connect

In recent years we are witnessing an intensive integration of bio-organic nanomaterials in electronic devices. Here we show that the diphenylalanine bio-molecule can self-assemble into tiny peptide nanodots (PNDs) of ?2 nm size, and can be embedded into metal-oxide-semiconductor devices as charge storage nanounits in non-volatile memory. For that purpose, we first directly observe the crystallinity of a single PND by electron microscopy. We use these nanocrystalline PNDs units for the formation of a dense monolayer on SiO{sub 2} surface, and study the electron/hole trapping mechanisms and charge retention ability of the monolayer, followed by fabrication of PND-based memory cell device.

Amdursky, Nadav; Shalev, Gil; Handelman, Amir; Natan, Amir; Rosenwaks, Yossi [School of Electrical Engineering, Iby and Aladar Fleischman Faculty of Engineering, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel); Litsyn, Simon; Szwarcman, Daniel; Rosenman, Gil, E-mail: rgil@post.tau.ac.il [School of Electrical Engineering, Iby and Aladar Fleischman Faculty of Engineering, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel); StoreDot LTD, 16 Menahem Begin St., Ramat Gan (Israel); Roizin, Yakov [School of Electrical Engineering, Iby and Aladar Fleischman Faculty of Engineering, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel); TowerJazz, P.O. Box 619, Migdal HaEmek 23105 (Israel)

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Common Air Conditioner Problems | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Common Air Conditioner Problems Common Air Conditioner Problems Common Air Conditioner Problems May 30, 2012 - 6:41pm Addthis A refrigerant leak is one common air conditioning problem. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/BanksPhotos. A refrigerant leak is one common air conditioning problem. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/BanksPhotos. What does this mean for me? You can eliminate the most common air conditioner problems before hiring an air conditioning technician. You can do some air conditioner maintenance and repair tasks yourself. One of the most common air conditioning problems is improper operation. If your air conditioner is on, be sure to close your home's windows and outside doors. For room air conditioners, isolate the room or a group of connected rooms as much as possible from the rest of your home.

154

Common Air Conditioner Problems | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Common Air Conditioner Problems Common Air Conditioner Problems Common Air Conditioner Problems May 30, 2012 - 6:41pm Addthis A refrigerant leak is one common air conditioning problem. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/BanksPhotos. A refrigerant leak is one common air conditioning problem. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/BanksPhotos. What does this mean for me? You can eliminate the most common air conditioner problems before hiring an air conditioning technician. You can do some air conditioner maintenance and repair tasks yourself. One of the most common air conditioning problems is improper operation. If your air conditioner is on, be sure to close your home's windows and outside doors. For room air conditioners, isolate the room or a group of connected rooms as much as possible from the rest of your home.

155

Scale-up analysis and development of gliding arc discharge facility for volatile organic compounds decomposition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The influences of inlet gas flow rate and reactor configuration on volatile organic compounds (VOCs) decomposition efficiency in a traditional gliding arc (T-GA) facility are studied based on laboratory experiments and numerical simulation. The ratio of the nozzle diameter and the shortest distance of two electrodes should be maintained in a suitable value range to guarantee the decomposition efficiency, which indicates simply enlarging the nozzle inner diameter is not a proper way to raise the T-GA treatment capacity in a fixed supply voltage condition. A developed gliding arc gas discharge (D-GA) reactor based on a modified gas feed system is proposed: small flow rate air goes through the bottom nozzle to process the GA evolution, and high flow rate contaminated gas goes frontal through the plasma region and decomposes. The performances of D-GA reactor in the decomposition of \\{VOCs\\} with relative high gas flow rate, including decomposition efficiency and specific energy consumption, are better than T-GA reactor. D-GA reactor also avoids the drawbacks of the increases of power system amount and electric power consumption in multi-electrode GA system.

Zheng Bo; Jianhua Yan; Xiaodong Li; Yong Chi; Kefa Cen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Energy Assessment Results: Most Commonly Identified Recommendations...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Assessment Results: Most Commonly Identified Recommendations The Missouri Industrial Assessment Center shares its experience providing energy assessments to local industry. Energy...

157

Ethanol as Internal Standard for Quantitative Determination of Volatile Compounds in Spirit Drinks by Gas Chromatography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The new methodical approach of using ethanol as internal standard in gas chromatographic analysis of volatile compounds in spirit drinks in daily practice of testing laboratories is proposed. This method provides determination of volatile compounds concentrations in spirit drinks directly expressed in milligrams per liter (mg/L) of absolute alcohol according to official methods without measuring of alcohol strength of analyzed sample. The experimental demonstration of this method for determination of volatile compounds in spirit drinks by gas chromatography is described. Its validation was carried out by comparison with experimental results obtained by internal standard method and external standard method.

Charapitsa, Siarhei V; Kulevich, Nikita V; Makoed, Nicolai M; Mazanik, Arkadzi L; Sytova, Svetlana N

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Digestion and rumen volatile fatty acid production by heifers fed reconstituted sorghum grain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ce oE M. STER OF SCIENCE January 1969 major Sub dace: Anbmal Science DIGESTION AND RlRCEN VOLATILE FATTY ACE) PRODUCTION BY REIZERS . "~ RECONSTITUTED SCRCEWI GRAIN A Tbests EDUARDO J. FA'is'I XM Approved as to s /le and oontent by...) Appendix 'cable Page Analyses of Variance of Volatile Patty Acids in liicrnno~es/Ill& liliter of Bmaen PluM Analyses of Variance of Nolo Percent Volatile Patty Acids in Ruraen gamples A9 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Sorghum grain i. s the principal...

Pantin, Eduardo Jose

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Learning Commons Project Team Report Abridged Version  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, central space dedicated to the enrichment of all. In the context of a public institution of higher established to foster the learning of all. The university library is an example of a common space where each education, such as the University of Connecticut, a commons might be conceived as a space formally

Lozano-Robledo, Alvaro

160

Hough Transform Common Names: Hough transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hough Transform Common Names: Hough transform Brief Description The Hough transform is a technique that the desired features be specified in some parametric form, the classical Hough transform is most commonly used for the detection of regular curves such as lines, circles, ellipses, etc. A generalized Hough transform can

Masci, Frank

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility specifications commonly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Effect of Milk Protein Concentrate on Lipid Oxidation and Formation of Fishy Volatiles in Herring Mince ( Clupea harengus) during Frozen Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sensory evaluation was also conducted to assess the intensity of fishy odor, and the volatiles were analyzed using static headspace gas chromatographymass spectrometry (SHGC-MS). ... Volatile analysis using SHGC-MS showed that 4% MPC was able to reduce headspace volatiles associated with fishy odor. ... Herring mince; SHGC-MS; lipid oxidation; fishy volatiles; fatty acids ...

H. J. F. Joaquin; S. Tolasa; A. C. M. Oliveira; C. M. Lee; K. H. Lee

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Trapping of volatiles in amorphous water ice. R. M. E. Mastrapa , R. H. Brown  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

were re- leased into the sample chamber at the same pressure as the water, measurements will be taken with a solar system composition gas with the proper ratios of water to volatile. References: [1] Bar-Nun, A., G

Cohen, Barbara Anne

163

E-Print Network 3.0 - aqueous volatile organic Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

51 SEDIMENT-TO-AIR MASS TRANSFER OF SEMI-VOLATILE CONTAMINANTS DUE TO SEDIMENT RESUSPENSION IN WATER Summary: @lsuvm.sncc.lsu.edu ABSTRACT Experiments were conducted to...

164

Sensitivity of Investor Reaction to Market Direction and Volatility: The Case of Dividend Change Announcements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study examines whether investor reactions are sensitive to the recent direction and/or volatility of underlying market movements. We find dividend change announcements elicit a greater change in stock price when the ...

Koch, Paul D.; Docking, Diane Scott

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Options introduction and volatility in the EU ETS1 Julien Chevallier 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS), the European Climate Exchange (ECX) has introduced option the introduction of options has increased or decreased volatility in the European Union Emissions Trading Sc

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

166

Volatile liquid hydrocarbon characterization of underwater hydrocarbon vents and formation waters from offshore production operations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Volatile liquid hydrocarbon characterization of underwater hydrocarbon vents and formation waters from offshore production operations ... The environmental implications of offshore oil and gas activities ... The environmental implications of offshore oil and gas activities ...

Theodor C. Sauer

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

The Volatility and the Thermal Storage Performance of Binary Polyalcohol Systems Used in the Wall  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, the volatility of binary systems, consisting of neopentylglycol(NPG), pentaerythritol(PE) and trihytdroxy methyl-aminomethane(TAM) with different components, was studied experimentally. In the solid -solid phase change process...

Yan, Q.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Electrospun Polyurethane Fibers for Absorption of Volatile Organic Compounds from Air  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electrospun polyurethane fibers for removal of volatile organic compounds (VOC) from air with rapid VOC absorption and desorption have been developed. Polyurethanes based on 4,4-methylenebis(phenylisocyanate) (MDI) and ...

Scholten, Elke

169

Measurements of Volatile Organic Compounds Using Proton Transfer Reaction - Mass Spectrometry during the MILAGRO 2006 Campaign  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were measured by proton transfer reaction mass spectrometry (PTR-MS) on a rooftop in the urban mixed residential and industrial area North Northeast of downtown Mexico City as part of ...

Fortner, E. C.

170

Chain hotels versus independent hotels : an analysis of branding, room revenue & volatility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis analyzes the historical performance of chain-affiliated hotels and independent (non-affiliated) hotels with an emphasis on the volatility of room revenues. The thesis attempts to prove or disprove the hypothesis ...

Langlois, Tyler J. (Tyler Joseph), 1974-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Comparison of Two ARMA-GARCH Approaches for Forecasting the Mean and Volatility of Wind Speed  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, we develop two ARMA-GARCH models for predicting the mean and volatility of wind speed. The first model employs the standalone ARMA-GARCH model for modeling the mean wind speed and the variance simu...

Ergin Erdem; Jing Shi; Ying She

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Volatile organic compound monitoring by photo acoustic radiometry  

SciTech Connect

Two methods for sampling and analyzing volatile organics in subsurface pore gas were developed for use at the Hazardous Waste Disposal Site at Los Alamos National Laboratory. One is Thermal Desorption Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (TDGCMS), the other is Photoacoustic Radiometry (PAR). Presented here are two years worth of experience and lessons learned as both techniques matured. The sampling technique is equally as important as the analysis method. PAR is a nondispersive infrared technique utilizing band pass filters in the region from 1 to 15 {mu}m. A commercial instrument, the Model 1302 Multigas Analyzer, made by Bruel and Kjaer, was adapted for field use. To use the PAR there must be some a priori knowledge of the constellation of analytes to be measured. The TDGCMS method is sensitive to 50 analytes. Hence TDGCMS is used in an initial survey of the site to determine what compounds are present and at what concentration. Once the major constituents of the soil-gas vapor plume are known the PAR can be configured to monitor for the five analytes of most interest. The PAR can analyse a sample in minutes, while in the field. The PAR is also quite precise in controlled situations.

Sollid, J.E.; Trujillo, V.L.; Limback, S.P.; Woloshun, K.A.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Architectural Techniques For Managing Non-volatile Caches  

SciTech Connect

As chip power dissipation becomes a critical challenge in scaling processor performance, computer architects are forced to fundamentally rethink the design of modern processors and hence, the chip-design industry is now at a major inflection point in its hardware roadmap. The high leakage power and low density of SRAM poses serious obstacles in its use for designing large on-chip caches and for this reason, researchers are exploring non-volatile memory (NVM) devices, such as spin torque transfer RAM, phase change RAM and resistive RAM. However, since NVMs are not strictly superior to SRAM, effective architectural techniques are required for making them a universal memory solution. This book discusses techniques for designing processor caches using NVM devices. It presents algorithms and architectures for improving their energy efficiency, performance and lifetime. It also provides both qualitative and quantitative evaluation to help the reader gain insights and motivate them to explore further. This book will be highly useful for beginners as well as veterans in computer architecture, chip designers, product managers and technical marketing professionals.

Mittal, Sparsh [ORNL] ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Identification and evaluation of volatile compounds associated with vacuum and modified atmosphere packaged fresh red meats  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with Lacrobacillus planrarum or Leuconostoc mesenteroides and stored for 28 days at 3'C included acetone, toluene, acetic acid, ethyl acetate, a hydrocarbon and CHCls. The profile of volatiles in packaged sterile loin tissue stored for 28 days was very similar.... , 1979, 1983; Vanderzant et al. , 1986). ~Although many studies have reported these off-odors, very little published information exists relative to the nature of the volatile aroma compounds which result from microbial or enzymatic activity during...

Jackson, Timothy Court

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Influence of Prefermentative Treatments to the Major Volatile Compounds of Assyrtiko Wines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Quantification of the major volatile compounds was realized developing a rapid analytical method based on fractionation of a 50 mL wine aliquot using C18-reversed phase adsorbent. ... The method allows satisfactory determination of more than 15 volatile compounds of wine. ... The method was applied to wines produced by Assyrtiko grapes (AOC Santorini), for two consecutive years, to compare the effect of skin contact prior to fermentation and the must clarification process. ...

Despina Kechagia; Yannis Paraskevopoulos; Eleni Symeou; Maria Galiotou-Panayotou; Yorgos Kotseridis

2008-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

176

The performance of a volatile oil reservoir overlain by a gas cap  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE PERFORMANCE OF A VOLATILE OIL RESERVOIR OVERLAIN BY A GAS CAP A Thesis By J. RALPH ELLIS, JR. Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August, 1960 Major Subject: PETROLEUM ENGINEERING THE PERFORMANCE OF A VOLATILE OIL RESERVOIR OVERLAIN BY A GAS CAP A Thesis By J. RALPH ELLIS, JR. Approved as to style and content by: hairxnan of Coxnxnittee) (Head...

Ellis, Joseph Ralph, Jr

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

177

Sorption and permeation of low molecular weight volatile compounds in polypropylene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SORPTION AND PERMEATION OP LOW MOLECULAR WEIGHT VOLATILE COMPOUNDS IN POLYPROPYLENE A Thesis by ANTONIO RAMIRO SANTIAGO VIDAL JUNIOR Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1991 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering SORPTION AND PERMEATION OF LOW MOLECULAR WEIGHT VOLATILE COMPOUNDS IN POLYPROPYLENE A Thesis by ANTONIO RAMIRO SANTIAGO VIDAL JUNIOR Approved...

Vidal, Antonio Ramiro Santiago

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

178

Commonality analysis for exploration life support systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commonality, defined practically as the use of similar technologies to deliver similar functions across a range of different complex systems, offers opportunities to improve the lifecycle costs of portfolios of complex ...

Cunio, Phillip M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Medical Progress: How Contagious Are Common Respiratory Tract Infections?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the 20th century. In general, the potential for an outbreak is modified by the general health and the level of specific immunity of the population at risk., Among South African miners in 1910 to 1912, the attack rate exceeded 1 percent per month, as it did in some military training camps during the... The answer to this frequently asked question is addressed in this review article, which focuses on common respiratory tract infections that are spread from person to person. The author concentrates on community-based contagion rather than nosocomial infections or agents that have received recent attention principally because of their actual or potential role in biologic terrorism.

Musher D.M.

2003-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

180

Techniques to evaluate the importance of common cause degradation on reliability and safety of nuclear weapons.  

SciTech Connect

As the nuclear weapon stockpile ages, there is increased concern about common degradation ultimately leading to common cause failure of multiple weapons that could significantly impact reliability or safety. Current acceptable limits for the reliability and safety of a weapon are based on upper limits on the probability of failure of an individual item, assuming that failures among items are independent. We expanded the current acceptable limits to apply to situations with common cause failure. Then, we developed a simple screening process to quickly assess the importance of observed common degradation for both reliability and safety to determine if further action is necessary. The screening process conservatively assumes that common degradation is common cause failure. For a population with between 100 and 5000 items we applied the screening process and conclude the following. In general, for a reliability requirement specified in the Military Characteristics (MCs) for a specific weapon system, common degradation is of concern if more than 100(1-x)% of the weapons are susceptible to common degradation, where x is the required reliability expressed as a fraction. Common degradation is of concern for the safety of a weapon subsystem if more than 0.1% of the population is susceptible to common degradation. Common degradation is of concern for the safety of a weapon component or overall weapon system if two or more components/weapons in the population are susceptible to degradation. Finally, we developed a technique for detailed evaluation of common degradation leading to common cause failure for situations that are determined to be of concern using the screening process. The detailed evaluation requires that best estimates of common cause and independent failure probabilities be produced. Using these techniques, observed common degradation can be evaluated for effects on reliability and safety.

Darby, John L.

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility specifications commonly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Tritium Specific Adsorption Simulation Utilizing the OSPREY Model  

SciTech Connect

During the processing of used nuclear fuel, volatile radionuclides will be discharged to the atmosphere if no recovery processes are in place to limit their release. The volatile radionuclides of concern are 3H, 14C, 85Kr, and 129I. Methods are being developed, via adsorption and absorption unit operations, to capture these radionuclides. It is necessary to model these unit operations to aid in the evaluation of technologies and in the future development of an advanced used nuclear fuel processing plant. A collaboration between Fuel Cycle Research and Development Offgas Sigma Team member INL and a NEUP grant including ORNL, Syracuse University, and Georgia Institute of Technology has been formed to develop off gas models and support off gas research. This report is discusses the development of a tritium specific adsorption model. Using the OSPREY model and integrating it with a fundamental level isotherm model developed under and experimental data provided by the NEUP grant, the tritium specific adsorption model was developed.

Veronica Rutledge; Lawrence Tavlarides; Ronghong Lin; Austin Ladshaw

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Common Sources of Federal Greenhouse Gas Emissions | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Common Sources of Federal Greenhouse Gas Emissions Common Sources of Federal Greenhouse Gas Emissions Common Sources of Federal Greenhouse Gas Emissions...

183

Determination of Migration Parameters for Volatile Organic Compounds in Polyethylene Terephthalate and Nylon 6 by Dynamic Permeation Cell Method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Determination of Migration Parameters for Volatile Organic Compounds in Polyethylene Terephthalate, such as low-density polyethylene (LDPE), high-density polyethylene (HDPE), and polypropylene (PP); however

Heller, Barbara

184

The Global Innovation Commons | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Commons Commons Jump to: navigation, search Name The Global Innovation Commons Address 210 Ridge-McIntire Road Place Charlottesville, Virginia Zip 22903 Year founded 2009 Notes www.globalinnovationcommons.org/blog Coordinates 38.0314057°, -78.4850371° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.0314057,"lon":-78.4850371,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

185

CommonAngels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CommonAngels CommonAngels Jump to: navigation, search Name CommonAngels Place Lexington, Massachusetts Zip 2421 Product Boston-based technology venture investor focused on Series A rounds. Coordinates 37.785485°, -79.441469° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.785485,"lon":-79.441469,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

186

Volatile Organic Compound Investigation Results, 300 Area, Hanford Site, Washington  

SciTech Connect

Unexpectedly high concentrations of volatile organic compounds (VOC) were discovered while drilling in the unconfined aquifer beneath the Hanford Sites 300 Area during 2006. The discovery involved an interval of relatively finer-grained sediment within the unconfined aquifer, an interval that is not sampled by routine groundwater monitoring. Although VOC contamination in the unconfined aquifer has been identified and monitored, the concentrations of newly discovered contamination are much higher than encountered previously, with some new results significantly higher than the drinking water standards. The primary contaminant is trichloroethene, with lesser amounts of tetrachloroethene. Both chemicals were used extensively as degreasing agents during the fuels fabrication process. A biological degradation product of these chemicals, 1,2-dichloroethene, was also detected. To further define the nature and extent of this contamination, additional characterization drilling was undertaken during 2007. Four locations were drilled to supplement the information obtained at four locations drilled during the earlier investigation in 2006. The results of the combined drilling indicate that the newly discovered contamination is limited to a relatively finer-grained interval of Ringold Formation sediment within the unconfined aquifer. The extent of this contamination appears to be the area immediately east and south of the former South Process Pond. Samples collected from the finer-grained sediment at locations along the shoreline confirm the presence of the contamination near the groundwater/river interface. Contamination was not detected in river water that flows over the area where the river channel potentially incises the finer-grained interval of aquifer sediment. The source for this contamination is not readily apparent. A search of historical documents and the Hanford Waste Information Data System did not provide definitive clues as to waste disposal operations and/or spills that might have resulted in groundwater contamination in this sediment, although several relatively small accidental releases of VOCs have occurred in the past in the northern portion of the 300 Area. It is likely that large quantities of degreasing solutions were disposed to the North and South Process Ponds during the 1950s and 1960s, and that evidence for them in the upper portion of the unconfined aquifer has been removed because of groundwater movement through the much more transmissive sediment. Also, investigations to date have revealed no evidence to suggest that a dense, non-aqueous phase liquid remains undetected in the subsurface. Potential pathways for contamination to migrate from this finer-grained sediment include groundwater movement through the interval to offshore locations in the Columbia River channel, dispersion out of the finer-grained interval into the overlying transmissive sediment (again, with transport to the riverbed), and potential future withdrawal via water supply wells.

Peterson, Robert E.; Williams, Bruce A.; Smith, Ronald M.

2008-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

187

Common Questions Why should I soil test?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Common Questions Why should I soil test? Soil testing is an important diagnostic tool to evaluate nutrient imbalances and understand plant growth. The most important reason to soil test is to have a basis for intelligent application of fertilizer and lime. Testing also allows for growers and homeowners to maintain

Isaacs, Rufus

188

Common Insect and Mite Pests of Humans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, in cooperation with the United States Department of Agriculture. Edward G. Smith, Director, Texas AgriLife Extension Service, The Texas A&M System. Revision ... can transmit several diseases, includ- ing trench fever, relapsing fever, and typhus, which are not commonly found in the United States. Usually these lice are associated with people who seldom change their clothing. To manage body lice, wash...

Brown, Elizabeth; Troxclair, Noel N.

2008-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

189

New Approach to Assess Volatile Contamination in Vadose Zone Provides Path  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Approach to Assess Volatile Contamination in Vadose Zone Approach to Assess Volatile Contamination in Vadose Zone Provides Path Forward for Site Closure New Approach to Assess Volatile Contamination in Vadose Zone Provides Path Forward for Site Closure April 24, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Conceptual site model for evaluating soil vapor extraction system performance to determine if the system should be optimized, terminated, or transitioned to another approach. Conceptual site model for evaluating soil vapor extraction system performance to determine if the system should be optimized, terminated, or transitioned to another approach. RICHLAND, Wash. and LOS ALAMOS, N.M. - Through the Deep Vadose Zone-Applied Field Research Initiative (DVZ-AFRI), scientists and engineers from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation

190

Volatility of HCl and the thermodynamics of brines during brine dryout  

SciTech Connect

Laboratory measurements of liquid-vapor partitioning (volatility) of chlorides from brines to steam can be used to indicate the potential for corrosion problems in geothermal systems. Measurements of volatilities of solutes in chloride brines have established a possible mechanism for the production of high-chloride steam from slightly acidic high temperature brines. Questions concerning the fate of NaCl in the steam production process have been addressed through extensive measurements of its volatility from brines ranging in concentration from dilute solutions to halite saturation. Recent measurements of chloride partitioning to steam over brines in contact with Geysers rock samples are consistent with our concept of the process for production of high-chloride steam.

Simonson, J.M.; Palmer, D.A.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Price volatility forecasting using artificial neural networks in emerging electricity markets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the adaptive short-term electricity price forecasting, it may be premature to rely solely on the hourly price forecast. The volatility of electricity price should also be analysed to provide additional insight on price forecasting. This paper proposes a price volatility module to analyse electricity price spikes and study the probability distribution of electricity price. Two methods are used to study the probability distribution of electricity price: the analytical method and the ANN method. Furthermore, ANN method is used to study the impact of line limits, line outages, generator outages, load pattern and bidding strategy on short term price forecasting, in addition to sensitivity analysis to determine the extent to which these factors impact price forecasting. Data used in this study are spot electricity prices from California market in the period which includes the crisis months where extreme volatility was observed.

Ahmad F. Al-Ajlouni; Hatim Y. Yamin; Ali Eyadeh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Redesigning specificity in miniproteins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work focuses on designing specific miniprotein interactions using computational models and then testing these designs with experiments. Miniproteins are small, autonomously-folding proteins that are excellent for ...

Taylor, Christina Marie

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Viscosity, specific (for liquids)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

n. The ratio between the viscosity of a liquid and the viscosity of water at the same temperature. Specific viscosity is sometimes used interchangeably with relative viscosity for liquids.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Specific light in sculpture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Specific light is defined as light from artificial or altered natural sources. The use and manipulation of light in three dimensional sculptural work is discussed in an historic and contemporary context. The author's work ...

Powell, John William

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Size-Dependent Mixing Characteristics of Volatile and Nonvolatile Components in Diesel Exhaust Aerosols  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Size-Dependent Mixing Characteristics of Volatile and Nonvolatile Components in Diesel Exhaust Aerosols ... Diesel exhaust particles that were size-selected in the first DMA were passed through the heater, and the change in particle size due to loss of volatile components was determined by the second DMA. ... Diesel exhaust particles are attracting significant attention with regards to their potential health effects (7?9) since they can be formed in high concentrations as ultrafine particles and can contain high levels of organic compounds and soot. ...

Hiromu Sakurai; Kihong Park; Peter H. McMurry; Darrick D. Zarling; David B. Kittelson; Paul J. Ziemann

2003-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

196

Building a Common Identity Common identity is an important tool in ensuring appropriate access to corporate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

complex heterogeneous systems, significant challenges arise. These can include high help-desk costs capabilities. Empower people Productivity suffers and your IT costs go up when users have to call the help deskBuilding a Common Identity Common identity is an important tool in ensuring appropriate access

Chaudhuri, Surajit

197

Market-oriented ethanol and corn-trade policies can reduce climate-induced US corn price volatility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Agriculture is closely affected by climate. Over the past decade, biofuels have emerged as another important factor shaping the agricultural sector. We ask whether the presence of the US ethanol sector can play a role in moderating increases in US corn price variability, projected to occur in response to near-term global warming. Our findings suggest that the answer to this question depends heavily on the underlying forces shaping the ethanol industry. If mandate-driven, there is little doubt that the presence of the corn-ethanol sector will exacerbate price volatility. However, if market-driven, then the emergence of the corn-ethanol sector can be a double-edged sword for corn price volatility, possibly cushioning the impact of increased climate driven supply volatility, but also inheriting volatility from the newly integrated energy markets via crude oil price fluctuations. We find that empirically the former effect dominates, reducing price volatility by 27%. In contrast, mandates on ethanol production increase future price volatility by 54% in under future climate after 2020. We also consider the potential for liberalized international corn trade to cushion corn price volatility in the US. Our results suggest that allowing corn to move freely internationally serves to reduce the impact of near-term climate change on US corn price volatility by 8%.

Monika Verma; Thomas Hertel; Noah Diffenbaugh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Combustion and emission characteristics of a turbo-charged common rail diesel engine fuelled with diesel-biodiesel-DEE blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The combustion and emission characteristics of a turbo-charged, common rail diesel engine fuelled with diesel-biodiesel-DEE blends were investigated. The study reports that the brake-specific fuel consumption of ...

Ni Zhang; Zuohua Huang; Xiangang Wang; Bin Zheng

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Energy Calculator- Common Units and Conversions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Calculator - Common Units and Conversions Energy Calculator - Common Units and Conversions Calculators for Energy Used in the United States: Coal Electricity Natural Gas Crude Oil Gasoline Diesel & Heating Oil Coal Conversion Calculator Short Tons Btu Megajoules Metric Tons Clear Calculate 1 Short Ton = 20,169,000 Btu (based on U.S. consumption, 2007) Electricity Conversion Calculator KilowattHours Btu Megajoules million Calories Clear Calculate 1 KilowattHour = 3,412 Btu Natural Gas Conversion Calculator Cubic Feet Btu Megajoules Cubic Meters Clear Calculate 1 Cubic Foot = 1,028 Btu (based on U.S. consumption, 2007); 1 therm = 100,000 Btu; 1 terajoule = 1,000,000 megajoules Crude Oil Conversion Calculator Barrels Btu Megajoules Metric Tons* Clear Calculate 1 Barrel = 42 U.S. gallons = 5,800,000 Btu (based on U.S. consumption,

200

A Common Solution of Two Cosmic Puzzles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The origin of the diffuse extragalactic gamma-ray background, which was measured with the large area telescope (LAT) aboard the Fermi satellite at energy below 820 GeV, and of the diffuse cosmic background of neutrinos, which was observed at much higher energies with the IceCube detector deep under the south pole ice, are among the current unsolved major cosmic puzzles. Here we show that their properties indicate a common origin: the decay of mesons produced in collisions of cosmic rays accelerated in relativistic jets with matter in/near source. Moreover, their properties are those expected if their common source is the highly relativistic jets that produce the long duration gamma ray bursts in core collapse supernovae of type Ic, which take place mostly in the densest regions of giant molecular clouds in star forming galaxies.

Dado, Shlomo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility specifications commonly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

The impact of acetate metabolism on yeast fermentative performance and wine quality: reduction of volatile acidity of grape musts and wines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Acetic acid is the main component of the volatile acidity of grape musts and wines. It can be formed as a by ... bacteria, which can metabolize residual sugars to increase volatile acidity. Acetic acid has a nega...

Alice Vilela-Moura; Dorit Schuller

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Specific Group Hardware  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Specific Group Hardware Specific Group Hardware Specific Group Hardware ALICE palicevo1 The Virtual Organization (VO) server. Serves as gatekeeper for ALICE jobs. It's duties include getting assignments from ALICE file catalog (at CERN), submitting jobs to pdsfgrid (via condor) which submits jobs to the compute nodes, monitoring the cluster work load, and uploading job information to ALICE file catalog. It is monitored with MonALISA (the monitoring page is here). It's made up of 2 Intel Xeon E5520 processors each with 4 cores (16 virtual cores with hyperthreading). The total local disk space is 1.9 TB. It is running Scientific Linux SL release 5.5 (Boron) and is disk booted. It is in rack 17. palicevo2 The Virtual Organization (VO) server testbed. It's a Dell PowerEdge R410 with 2 Intel Xeon E5520 processors, each with 4 cores (16 virtual cores

203

Boron Volatilization and Its Isotope Fractionation during Evaporation of Boron Solution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Evaporation experiments were undertaken to determine the volatility of parts-per-million concentrations of boron in water and dilute HCl in the presence and absence of equimolar mannitol and/or cesium. Multiple 10 mL aliquots prepared identically were ...

Y. K. Xiao; R. D. Vocke, Jr.; G. H. Swihart; Y. Xiao

1997-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

204

Separation and Volatility of Locational Marginal Prices in Restructured Wholesale Power Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Test Bed I. INTRODUCTION THE wholesale power market design proposed by the U.S. Federal Energy1 Separation and Volatility of Locational Marginal Prices in Restructured Wholesale Power Markets (LMPs) in an ISO-managed restructured wholesale power market operating over an AC transmission grid

Tesfatsion, Leigh

205

Plant Odor Analysis of Potato: Response of Guatemalan Moth to Above- and Belowground Potato Volatiles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Plant Odor Analysis of Potato: Response of Guatemalan Moth to Above- and Belowground Potato Volatiles ... Potatoes were planted in fertilized and limed peat soil (NPK 180:90:195 g/m3; Hydro Agri AB, Landskrona, Sweden) in 5-L plastic pots. ...

Miriam Frida Karlsson; Gran Birgersson; Alba Marina Cotes Prado; Felipe Bosa; Marie Bengtsson; Peter Witzgall

2009-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

206

Auto-correlated behavior of WTI crude oil volatilities: A multiscale perspective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we investigate the long-range auto-correlated behavior of WTI crude oil volatility series employing multifractal detrended fluctuation analysis. Our findings show that the for small time scales, the auto-correlations of volatilities were multifractal while for large time scales, the auto-correlations were nearly monofractal. Based on multiscale analysis, we also investigate the dynamics of auto-correlations for different intervals of time scales and find that several shocks could make significant effects on the auto-correlated behaviors for small time scales. Analyzing the dynamics of multifractality degrees of auto-correlations for small time scales, we find that the stronger auto-correlations were always related to the lower degrees of multifractality. At last, we have discussions on the determination factors of price behavior, the predictive implications of scaling behavior in volatilities for oil markets and the reasons why long-range auto-correlations of volatility were always strong for both small time scales and large time scales. Our results are very important theoretically and practically.

Yudong Wang; Yu Wei; Chongfeng Wu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

A Tree's Response to Herbivory: Quantification of Biogenic Volatile Organic Compound Emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Tree's Response to Herbivory: Quantification of Biogenic Volatile Organic Compound Emissions an abundant source of Secondary Organic Aerosols (SOA). These emissions are known to vary in quantity and composition due to both biogenic and anthropogenic stressors. In this study, BVOC emissions from bristlecone

Collins, Gary S.

208

LETTER doi:10.1038/nature13032 A large source of low-volatility secondary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of atmospheric aerosol1,2 , which is known to affect the Earth's radi- ation balance by scattering solar radiation and by acting as cloud condensation nuclei3 . The quantitative assessment of such climate abundant, essentially non- volatile organicvapours4­6 , but the sourcesand compositionsofsuch

Cai, Long

209

UV-C??Irradiated Arabidopsis and Tobacco Emit Volatiles That Trigger Genomic Instability in Neighboring Plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...impaired in both the production and the perception...is primed by the production of the mobile metabolite...through volatile organic compounds has been...depend on how many cell division cycles have...ankyrin repeats. Cell 88 : 57-63. Caputo...L. (2006). Solar ultraviolet-B radiation...

Youli Yao; Cristian H. Danna; Franz J. Zemp; Viktor Titov; Ozan Nazim Ciftci; Roman Przybylski; Frederick M. Ausubel; Igor Kovalchuk

2011-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

210

Fluid saturation and volatile partitioning between melts and hydrous fluids in crustal magmatic systems: The contribution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

systems, experimental results on the solubility and partitioning of H2O, CO2, S, Cl, F and a few other ......................................................................... 2 Keywords: magmatic volatiles, solubility, water, carbon dioxide, sulfur, halogens 2 1 systems: The contribution of experimental measurements and solubility models Don R. Baker1 and Marina

Boyer, Edmond

211

Metabolism of 210Po in rats: volatile 210Po in excreta  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Laboratories, Atomic Energy of Canada Limited...as it emits high-energy alpha particles...stayed and in his own home. Release of volatile...Laboratories, Atomic Energy of Canada Limited...rat, their daily consumption of food and water...efficiency was 98.6 % (average of five replicates......

Chunsheng Li; Baki Sadi; Heather Wyatt; Michelle Bugden; Nicholas Priest; Diana Wilkinson; Gary H. Kramer

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Lunar apatite with terrestrial volatile abundances Jeremy W. Boyce1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is a high-Al basalt rich in K, rare-earth elements and P (KREEP), consisting dominantly of augite is texturally associated with anhedral apatite having variable Cl and rare-earth-element con- tents is thought to be depleted relative to the Earth in volatile elements such as H, Cl and the alkalis1

Perfect, Ed

213

A Critical Review on Studies of Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Sorption by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Critical Review on Studies of Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Sorption by Building Materials (RP the pros and cons of existing sorption models, as well as experimental methods. In addition, it summarizes existing sorption data in order to understand the phenomenon of VOC sorption on building materials better

Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

214

Memory in Returns and Volatilities of Futures' Contracts BONNIE K. RAY*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Memory in Returns and Volatilities of Futures' Contracts NUNO CRATO BONNIE K. RAY* Various authors claim to have found evidence of stochastic long memory behavior in futures' contract returns using estimate of the long- memory parameter. Results based on these new methods provide no evidence for persis

Crato, Nuno

215

Accurate dispensing of volatile reagents on demand for chemical reactions in EWOD chips{  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accurate dispensing of volatile reagents on demand for chemical reactions in EWOD chips{ Huijiang the use of a filler liquid (e.g., oil). These properties pose challenges for delivering controlled volumes are introduced to the chip, independent of time delays between dispensing operations. On-demand dispensing

216

IDC System Specification Document.  

SciTech Connect

This document contains the system specifications derived to satisfy the system requirements found in the IDC System Requirements Document for the IDC Reengineering Phase 2 project. Revisions Version Date Author/Team Revision Description Authorized by V1.0 12/2014 IDC Reengineering Project Team Initial delivery M. Harris

Clifford, David J.

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Understanding Operational Amplifier Specifications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are utilized to the extent TI deems necessary to support this warranty. Specific testing of all parameters are the property of their respective owners. #12;CONTACT INFORMATION INTERNET www.ti.com Register with TI INFORMATION CENTERS US TMS320 Hotline (281) 274-2320 Fax (281) 274-2324 BBS (281) 274-2323 email dsph

Jones, R. Victor

218

How Common is Irritable Bowel Syndrome? Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is the most common  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AND IBS Upper gastrointestinal (UGI) symptoms are commonly reported by IBS patients. 25 to 50% of patients). Overlapping symptoms are more challenging to separate and treat, as the treatments for IBS and UGI symptoms

Virginia Tech

219

Technology, Language, and Public Decisions: Finding Common Ground for Experts and Citizens  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technology, Language, and Public Decisions: Finding Common Ground for Experts and Citizens David D@cs.umass.edu Todd M. La Porte School of Systems Engineering & Policy Analysis Delft University of Technology Delft, The Netherlands tlaporte@tmn.com Abstract---Many conflicts over specific technologies could be alleviated

Jensen, David

220

Common Cyber Security Vulnerabilities Observed in Control System...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Common Cyber Security Vulnerabilities Observed in Control System Assessments by the INL NSTB Program Common Cyber Security Vulnerabilities Observed in Control System Assessments by...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility specifications commonly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Hydrogen Assisted Diesel Combustion in a Common Rail Turbodiesel...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Assisted Diesel Combustion in a Common Rail Turbodiesel Engine P-3 Hydrogen Assisted Diesel Combustion in a Common Rail Turbodiesel Engine P-3 Gregory Lilik, Jos Martn...

222

Hydrogen Assisted Diesel Combustion in a Common Rail Turbodiesel...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Assisted Diesel Combustion in a Common Rail Turbodiesel Engine Hydrogen Assisted Diesel Combustion in a Common Rail Turbodiesel Engine This study measured the effects of hydrogen...

223

ADMINISTRATIVE RECORDS SCHEDULE 23: RECORDS COMMON TO MOST OFFICES...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3: RECORDS COMMON TO MOST OFFICES (Revision 2) ADMINISTRATIVE RECORDS SCHEDULE 23: RECORDS COMMON TO MOST OFFICES (Revision 2) This schedule provides for the disposal of certain...

224

ADMINISTRATIVE RECORDS SCHEDULE 23: RECORDS COMMON TO MOST OFFICES...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

23: RECORDS COMMON TO MOST OFFICES ADMINISTRATIVE RECORDS SCHEDULE 23: RECORDS COMMON TO MOST OFFICES This schedule covers those administrative management activities not covered by...

225

Common Products Made from Oil and Natural Gas | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Common Products Made from Oil and Natural Gas Common Products Made from Oil and Natural Gas Educational poster developed by the Office of Fossil Energy that graphically displays...

226

Specifications for thesaurus software  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Specifications are presented for software designed to support manual development and maintenance of information retrieval thesauri. The specifications are intended to support both evaluation of existing packages for acquisition and design of custom software. Specialized requirements of thesaurus support are emphasized over more general database management requirements. Requirements for integration with larger systems and for the user interface are summarized. Relationships specified by the ANSI standard should be supported, and the relationships should be validated to avoid introduction of conflicting relationships. Flexibility in availability of note and date fields is important, and where required, term classifications should be available. Maintenance procedures should include provision for feedback on the impact of changes, as well as appropriate levels of approval for changes. A wide variety of online displays and printed reports are required, including but not limited to alphabetical, hierarchical, and rotated. In addition, it is desirable to be able to search the thesaurus database with such capabilities as Boolean logic and proximity operators.

Jessica L. Milstead

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

NETL: Ambient Monitoring - Contribution of Semi-volatile Organic Material  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Airborne Particulate Threat Assessment (APTA) Project Airborne Particulate Threat Assessment (APTA) Project In a collaborative effort between ChemImage Biothreat, LLC and the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), the Airborne Particulate Threat Assessment (APTA) Project will acquire the ability to discern between chemical/biological threat agents and ambient background particulate matter (PM) encountered in the environment. The project will focus on potential background interferences, specifically from the ambient backgrounds collected at NETL-supported ambient air collection facilities. Potential substrate interferences such as pollen, insecticides and industrial PM will be addressed. Using Raman Chemical Imaging (RCI) and fluorescence chemical imaging, a background - void of pathogen spores - will be collected and compared to known pathogens. Interactions causing possible false positives will be identified and studied. This study would systematically identify potential problems and provide a baseline of ambient particulates found in the mid-eastern United States .

228

Small-Chamber Measurements of Chemical-Specific Emission Factors for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Small-Chamber Measurements of Chemical-Specific Emission Factors for Small-Chamber Measurements of Chemical-Specific Emission Factors for Drywall Title Small-Chamber Measurements of Chemical-Specific Emission Factors for Drywall Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2010 Authors Maddalena, Randy L., Marion L. Russell, Moya Melody, and Michael G. Apte Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley Abstract Imported drywall installed in U.S. homes is suspected of being a source of odorous and potentially corrosive indoor pollutants. To support an investigation of those building materials by the Consumer Products Safety Commission (CPSC), Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) measured chemical-specific emission factors for 30 samples of drywall materials. Emission factors are reported for 75 chemicals and 30 different drywall samples encompassing both domestic and imported stock and incorporating natural, synthetic, or mixed gypsum core material. CPSC supplied all drywall materials. First the drywall samples were isolated and conditioned in dedicated chambers, then they were transferred to small chambers where emission testing was performed. Four sampling and analysis methods were utilized to assess (1) volatile organic compounds, (2) low molecular weight carbonyls, (3) volatile sulfur compounds, and (4) reactive sulfur gases. LBNL developed a new method that combines the use of solid phase microextraction (SPME) with small emission chambers to measure the reactive sulfur gases, then extended that technique to measure the full suite of volatile sulfur compounds. The testing procedure and analysis methods are described in detail herein. Emission factors were measured under a single set of controlled environmental conditions. The results are compared graphically for each method and in detailed tables for use in estimating indoor exposure concentrations

229

Chemical decontamination specification preparation  

SciTech Connect

Since the first low-concentration chemical decontamination in the United States at Vermont Yankee in 1979, > 75 decontamination applications have been made at > 20 nuclear electrical generating stations. Chemical decontamination has become a common technique for reducing person-rem exposures. Two vendors are currently offering low-concentration chemical decontamination reagents for application in boiling water reactor and pressurized water reactor systems. All technical aspects associated with the chemical decontamination technology have been commercially tested and are well advanced beyond the research and development stage. Extensive corrosion and material compatibility testing has been performed on the major solvent systems with satisfactory results. The material compatibility testing for the three main solvent systems, CANDECON, CITROX, and LOMI, has been documented in numerous Electric Power Research Institute reports.

Miller, M.A.; Remark, J.F.; Vandergriff, D.M.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Measures |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Measures Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Measures This document provides a set of model protocols for determining energy and demand savings that result from specific energy efficiency measures implemented through state and utility efficiency programs. The methods described here are approaches that are-or are among-the most commonly used in the energy efficiency industry for certain measures or programs. Acknowledgements Introduction Commercial and Industrial Lighting Evaluation Protocol Commercial and Industrial Lighting Controls Evaluation Protocol Small Commercial and Residential Unitary and Split System HVAC Cooling Equipment-Efficiency Upgrade Evaluation Protocol

231

Product Volatilization as a Probe of the Physics and Chemistry of Latent Image Formation in Chemically Amplified Resists,  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Product Volatilization as a Probe of the Physics and Chemistry of Latent Image Formation in Chemically Amplified Resists, ... The products pass through an all-glass line that uses a high-flow gas stream to extract a small fraction of the product gases through a capillary for analysis. ... Because the rates of each of the sequential steps leading to thickness lossdeprotection, volatilization, and densificationcan be no slower than the overall observed rate of densification, the data in Table 3 provide a lower limit for the rates of volatilization and film densification at 100 C. ...

W. D. Hinsberg; F. A. Houle; G. M. Poliskie; D. Pearson; M. I. Sanchez; H. Ito

2002-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

232

CMLOG: A common message logging system  

SciTech Connect

The Common Message Logging (CMLOG) system is an object-oriented and distributed system that not only allows applications and systems to log data (messages) of any type into a centralized database but also lets applications view incoming messages in real-time or retrieve stored data from the database according to selection rules. It consists of a concurrent Unix server that handles incoming logging or searching messages, a Motif browser that can view incoming messages in real-time or display stored data in the database, a client daemon that buffers and sends logging messages to the server, and libraries that can be used by applications to send data to or retrieve data from the database via the server. This paper presents the design and implementation of the CMLOG system meanwhile it will also address the issue of integration of CMLOG into existing control systems.

Chen, J.; Akers, W.; Bickley, M.; Wu, D.; Watson, W. III [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States). Control Software Group

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Programovn v Common Lispu ter, 9. jna 12  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-LISPWORKS :LW-EDITOR :CAPI :COCOA :UNIX-WITHOUT-MOTIF :COMPILER :ANSI-CL :COMMON-LISP :IEEE-PERSONAL-EDITION :COMMON-LISPWORKS :LW-EDITOR :CAPI :COCOA :UNIX-WITHOUT-MOTIF :COMPILER :ANSI-CL :COMMON-LISP :IEEE-LISPWORKS :LW-EDITOR :CAPI :COCOA :UNIX-WITHOUT-MOTIF :COMPILER :ANSI-CL :COMMON-LISP :IEEE

Krupka, Michal

234

WIPP Weatherization: Common Errors and Innovative Solutions Presentation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This presentation contains information on WIPP Weatherization: Common Errors and Innovative Solutions.

235

Volatile organic chemical emissions from carpets. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The primary objective of this research, was to measure the emission rates of selected individual VOC, including low molecular-weight aldehydes, released by samples of four new carpets that are typical of the major types of carpets used in residences, schools and offices. The carpet samples were collected directly from the manufacturers` mills and packaged to preserve their chemical integrity. The measurements of the concentrations and emission rates of these compounds were made under simulated indoor conditions in a 20-M{sup 3} environmental chamber designed specifically for investigations of VOC. The measurements were conducted over a period of one week following the installation of the carpet samples in the chamber. Duplicate experiments were conducted for one carpet. In addition, the concentrations and emission rates of VOC resulting from the installation of a new carpet in a residence were measured over a period of seven weeks. The stabilities of the week-long ventilation rates and temperatures were one percent relative standard deviation. The four carpets emitted a variety of VOC, 40 of which were positively identified. Eight of these were considered to be dominant. They were (in order of chromatographic retention time) formaldehyde, vinyl acetate, 2,2,4-trimethylpentane (isooctane), 1,2-propanediol (propylene glycol), styrene, 2-ethyl-l-hexanol, 4-phenylcyclohexene (4-PCH), and 2,6 di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol (BHT). With the exception of formaldehyde, only limited data are available on the toxicity and irritancy of these compounds at low concentrations. Therefore, it is difficult to determine at this time the potential magnitude of the health and comfort effects that may occur among the population from exposures to emissions from new carpets. The concentrations and emission rates of most compounds decreased rapidly over the first 12 h of the experiments.

Hodgson, A.T.; Wooley, J.D.; Daisey, J.M.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

The impact of crude-oil price volatility on agricultural employment in the United States  

SciTech Connect

This study focuses on the impact of fluctuations in the price of crude oil on agricultural employment in the United States. After reviewing previous assessments of the issue, the existence of an empirical relationship between agricultural employment and crude oil price volatility is established using Granger causality. Subsequently, the nature of the relationship is estimated with the results suggesting that at least three full years are required before the measurable impacts of a percentage change in the real price of crude oil on the change in agricultural employment are exhausted. Finally, the structural stability of the functional relationship between the change in agricultural employment and the volatility of the price of crude oil, the percentage changes in expected net farm income, realized technological innovation, and the wage rate is examined.

Uri, N.D. [Dept. of Agriculture, Washington, DC (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

237

Effect of sampling technique on the measurement of gasoline volatility. Technical report  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is proposing the adoption of regulations that would reduce the amount of hydrocarbons released to the atmosphere due to evaporation of gasoline. One regulatory alternative under consideration is to put an upper limit on volatility. Volatility is typically quantified by measurement of Reid vapor pressure. The purpose of the report was to identify and quantify any differences in vapor pressure caused by the technique used to obtain the sample. The objective of the effort is identify and document a fast, inexpensive, and reliable method to obtain enforcement-quality samples at service station-type facilities. The report examines the effect of four sampling techniques and two methods of analysis on three types of fuels.

Scarbro, C.A.; White, J.T.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

DOI: 10.1002/ejic.200600960 Synthesis and Sublimation Kinetics of a Highly Volatile Asymmetric Iron(II)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FULL PAPER DOI: 10.1002/ejic.200600960 Synthesis and Sublimation Kinetics of a Highly Volatile: Asymmetric iron(II) amidinate / Bridging ligands / Metathesis / Sublimation kinetics / Thermochemistry properties have been the subject of intense investigations in chemistry, electronics, optics, energy

239

Photochemical Modeling of Emissions Trading of Highly Reactive Volatile Organic Compounds in Houston, Texas. 2. Incorporation of Chlorine Emissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As part of the State Implementation Plan for attaining the National Ambient Air Quality Standard for ozone, the Texas Commission of Environmental Quality has created a Highly Reactive Volatile Organic Compounds (HRVOC) Emissions Cap and Trade Program for ...

Linlin Wang; Tammy Thompson; Elena C. McDonald-Buller; David T. Allen

2007-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

240

Volatiles from potato plants infected with potato leafroll virus attract and arrest the virus vector, Myzus persicae (Homoptera: Aphididae)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

7 March 2002 research-article Volatiles from potato plants infected with potato leafroll virus attract and arrest the virus vector...previously reported preferential colonization of potatoes infected by potato leafroll virus (genus Polerovirus...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility specifications commonly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

PII S0016-7037(01)00802-X Volatilization kinetics of silicon carbide in reducing gases: An experimental study with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PII S0016-7037(01)00802-X Volatilization kinetics of silicon carbide in reducing gases occurring hexagonal sili- con carbide ( -SiC), and -SiC, the cubic form, are occasion- ally reported

Grossman, Lawrence

242

The Impact of Tax Shocks and Oil Price Volatility on Risk - A Study of North Sea Oilfield Projects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine the impact of market volatility and increased fiscal take on risk in strategic natural resource projects. An increase in 2006 UK oilfield taxation is used as a natural experiment for assessing the impact of a ...

Kretzschmar, Gavin Lee; Moles, Peter

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Evaluation of the colossal electroresistance (CER) effect and its application in the non-volatile Resistive Random Access Memory (RRAM)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Flash memory, the current leading technology for non-volatile memory (NVM), is projected by many to run obsolete in the face of future miniaturization trend in the semiconductor devices due to some of its technical ...

Wicaksono, Aulia Tegar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Source Signature of Volatile Organic Compounds from Oil and Natural Gas Operations in Northeastern Colorado  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Source Signature of Volatile Organic Compounds from Oil and Natural Gas Operations in Northeastern Colorado ... Only 4% of all samples at BAO had high ROH+VOCO&NG and were from the western sector where the nearest wells are located indicating that they were not the dominant O&NG source at BAO. ... parameters were measured concurrently at a site on the western perimeter of Boulder, Colorado, during Feb., 1991. ...

J. B. Gilman; B. M. Lerner; W. C. Kuster; J. A. de Gouw

2013-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

245

Ammonia volatilization from surface application of ammonium sulfate to carbonate systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

correspond- 3 ed to the simultaneous loss of H 0 and NH . Jewitt (1942) showed that as H 0 loss increased due to evaporation the amount of NH volatilized increased on four alkaline Sudan soils when (NHL?) 2SOL? was surface appli- ed. He proposed...?OH, (IKt) CO , or NH~HCO depending upon the factors mentioned above. This suggests a rather complicated reaction mechanism. Duplessis and Kroontje (1964) also supported Jewitt's (1942) mechanism. In their experiment, (NHL?) SOL? wes surface applied...

Feagley, Sam Edward

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

ABSORPTION DES ACIDES GRAS VOLATILS DANS L'OMASUM DE LA VACHE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSORPTION DES ACIDES GRAS VOLATILS DANS L'OMASUM DE LA VACHE C. DARDILLAT Station de rôle du feuillet et ses capacités d'absorption sont très mal connus car il est difficile d'accé- der à cet organe sans perturber son fonctionnement. Nous avons fixé par effet ventouse une chambre d'absorption

Boyer, Edmond

247

Extraction Utility Design Specification  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Extraction Extraction Utility Design Specification May 13, 2013 Document Version 1.10 1 Revision History Date Version Section and Titles Author Summary of Change January 15, 2010 1.0 All Eric Morgan, Dekker, Ltd. Initial Draft Document January 19, 2010 1.1 All Igor Pedan, Dekker, Ltd. Document update with EM team review notes January 20, 2010 1.2 2.1.1 EM Project Team Document Review January 27, 2010 1.3 All Bruce Bartells Final Draft Review May 10, 2010 1.4.1 2.8 Igor Pedan, Dekker, Ltd. Section Update May 14, 2010 1.4.2 2.3.1 Igor Pedan, Dekker, Ltd. System Tables Added May 17, 2010 1.4.3 2.3 Igor Pedan, Dekker, Ltd. Enhancements Update June 29, 2010 1.5 All Igor Pedan, Dekker, Ltd. Revised for Version

248

Estimation of ammonia volatilization from surface-applied urea as indicated by bermudagrass N-use efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ESTIMATION OF AMMONIA VOLATILIZATION FROM SURFACE-APPLIED UREA AS INDICATED BY BERMUDAGRASS N-USE EFFICIENCY A Thesis by JOHN MATTHEW DRWAL Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1986 Major Subject: Soil Science ESTIMATION OF AMMONIA VOLATILIZATION FROM SURFACE-APPLIED UREA AS INDICATED BY BERMUDAGRASS N-USE EFFICIENCY A Thesis by JOHN MATTHEW DRWAL Approved as to style and content by...

Drwal, John Matthew

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

249

NOTE SUR LES EFFETS DE L'INFUSION PERMANENTE D'UN MLANGE D'ACIDES GRAS VOLATILS DANS LE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NOTE SUR LES EFFETS DE L'INFUSION PERMANENTE D'UN M?LANGE D'ACIDES GRAS VOLATILS DANS LE RUMEN DU problèmes techniques : infusion permanente et prolongée, dans le rumen, de quantités d'acides gras volatils début de l'infusion, les veaux étaient âgés d'environ 4 mois et pesaient respectivement 95 et 80 kg

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

250

Cancer risks from soil emissions of volatile organic compounds at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

The emission isolation flux chamber (EIFC) methodology was applied to Superfund investigations at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Site 300 to determine if on-site workers were exposed to VOCs volatilizing from the subsurface and what, if any, health risks could be attributed to the inhalation of the VOCs volatilizing from the subsurface. During July and August of 1996, twenty, eighteen, and twenty six VOC soil vapor flux samples were collected in the Building 830, 832, and 854 areas, respectively using EIFCS. The VOC concentrations in the vapor samples were used to calculate soil flux rates which were used as input into an air dispersion model to calculate ambient air exposure-point concentrations. The exposure-point concentrations were compared to EPA Region IX Preliminary Remediation Goals (PRGs). Buildings 830 and 832 exposure-point concentrations were less then the PRGs therefore no cancer risks were calculated. The cancer risks for Building 854 ranged from 1.6 x 10{sup -7} to 2.1 x 10{sup -6}. The resultant inhalation cancer risks were all within the acceptable range, implying that on-site workers were not exposed to VOC vapors volatilizing from the subsurface soil that could have significant cancer risks. Therefore remediation in these areas would not be necessary.

Dibley, V. R., LLNL

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Chapter 17: Estimating Net Savings: Common Practices  

SciTech Connect

This chapter focuses on the methods used to estimate net energy savings in evaluation, measurement, and verification (EM&V) studies for energy efficiency (EE) programs. The chapter provides a definition of net savings, which remains an unsettled topic both within the EE evaluation community and across the broader public policy evaluation community, particularly in the context of attribution of savings to particular program. The chapter differs from the measure-specific Uniform Methods Project (UMP) chapters in both its approach and work product. Unlike other UMP resources that provide recommended protocols for determining gross energy savings, this chapter describes and compares the current industry practices for determining net energy savings, but does not prescribe particular methods.

Violette, D. M.; Rathbun, P.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Extraction Utility Design Specification  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Extraction Utility Extraction Utility Design Specification January 11, 2011 Document Version 1.9 1 Revision History Date Version Section and Titles Author Summary of Change January 15, 2010 1.0 All Eric Morgan, Dekker, Ltd. Initial Draft Document January 19, 2010 1.1 All Igor Pedan, Dekker, Ltd. Document update with EM team review notes January 20, 2010 1.2 2.1.1 EM Project Team Document Review January 27, 2010 1.3 All Bruce Bartells Final Draft Review May 10, 2010 1.4.1 2.8 Igor Pedan, Dekker, Ltd. Section Update May 14, 2010 1.4.2 2.3.1 Igor Pedan, Dekker, Ltd. System Tables Added May 17, 2010 1.4.3 2.3 Igor Pedan, Dekker, Ltd. Enhancements Update June 29, 2010 1.5 All Igor Pedan, Dekker, Ltd. Revised for Version 8.0.20100628 July 14, 2010 1.5.1 2.8 Igor Pedan,

253

Commissioning Specifications | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Specifications Specifications Commissioning Specifications October 16, 2013 - 4:44pm Addthis Commissioning specifications outline basic requirements of the commissioning process and detail the roles and responsibilities of each party involved. System checklists, startup requirements, and performance testing procedures are typically included in the specifications to let contractors know what standards are required during the various testing phases involved throughout the commissioning process. Since renewable energy technologies are changing and developing rapidly, it is critical to have the commissioning specifications developed by a well-informed resource with up-to-date renewable energy expertise. This resource must also have a thorough understanding of how renewable energy

254

Generating Test Data from SOFL Specifications \\Lambda A. Jefferson Offutt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generating Test Data from SOFL Specifications \\Lambda A. Jefferson Offutt ISSE Department, 4A4@cs.hiroshima­cu.ac.jp Abstract Software testing can only be formalized and quantified when a solid basis for test generation can be defined. Tests are commonly generated from the source code, control flow graphs, design representations

Offutt, Jeff

255

Advanced Diesel Common Rail Injection System for Future Emission Legislation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentation: Robert Bosch GMBH Common Rail System Engineering for PC Diesel Systems

256

STUDENT LEARNING COMMONS Annual Report 2007/08  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STUDENT LEARNING COMMONS Annual Report 2007/08 Elaine Fairey, Director, Student Learning Commons ______________________________________________________________________________________ Introduction The Student Learning Commons (SLC) is an academic learning centre with the mandate to assist and support students in their academic pursuits, with a focus on providing writing and learning support

257

STUDENT LEARNING COMMONS Annual Report 2006/07  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STUDENT LEARNING COMMONS Annual Report 2006/07 Elaine Fairey, Director, Student Learning Commons ______________________________________________________________________________________ Introduction Officially launched in Fall 2006, the Student Learning Commons (SLC) is an academic learning centre with the mandate to assist and support students in their academic pursuits, with a focus

258

Information Commons Help Desk Internet / Connectivity Wireless Access  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Information Commons Help Desk Internet / Connectivity » Wireless Access ID #1912 Connecting in the Username and Password fields.5. Info Commons Help Desk - Connecting to the UofT wireless netwo... http://help on this entry Info Commons Help Desk - Connecting to the UofT wireless netwo... http://help

Boonstra, Rudy

259

SG Network System Requirements Specification  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SG Network System Requirements Specification SG Network System Requirements Specification Interim Release 3 5/17/2010 - 2 - Table of Contents Document History ....................................................................................................................................... - 3 - Revision History .......................................................................................................................................... - 3 - Preface........................................................................................................................................................ - 4 - Authors........................................................................................................................................................ - 6 -

260

Fate of anthropogenic cyclic volatile methylsiloxanes in a wastewater treatment plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The fate of cyclic volatile methylsiloxanes (cVMS) octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4), decamethylcyclopentasiloxane (D5), and dodecamethylcyclohexasiloxane (D6) was evaluated in a typical secondary activated sludge wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). Water samples (influent, primary effluent, and final effluent) and sludge (primary sludge and waste activated sludge) samples were collected at overnight low, morning high, afternoon low, and evening high flows. Concentrations of cVMS in influents fluctuated with the influent flows, ranging from 0.166 to 1.13?gL?1, 3.4719.3?gL?1, and 0.4463.87?gL?1 for D4, D5, and D6, respectively. Mass balance analysis of cVMS showed the average mass of D4, D5, and D6 entering and exiting the plant in influent and effluent, respectively, were 109gd?1, 2050gd?1, 280gd?1, and 1.41gd?1, 27.0gd?1, 1.90gd?1. The total removal efficiency of cVMS was >96%. To elucidate their detailed removal mechanisms, Mackay's fugacity-based treatment plant model was used to simulate the fate of cVMS through the WWTP. Due to the unusual combination of high hydrophobicity and volatility of cVMS, volatilization in the aeration tank and adsorption to sludge were the two main pathways of cVMS removal from water in this WWTP based on the experimental and modeled results. The morning and evening high influent mass flows contributed almost equally at approximately 40% of the total daily cVMS mass, with D5 accounting for the majority of this daily loading.

De-Gao Wang; Monica Aggarwal; Tara Tait; Samantha Brimble; Grazina Pacepavicius; Laura Kinsman; Mike Theocharides; Shirley Anne Smyth; Mehran Alaee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility specifications commonly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Oxidation of volatiles in residential wood burning equipment. Final technical report, September 1980-February 1984  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of this project are to measure, through the use of laboratory combustors, those conditions which promote complete combustion of wood volatiles in residential wood burning equipment. The conditions of interest are combustion temperature, residence time, stoichiometry, and air mixing. The project objectives are met through two laboratory approaches: (1) model compound studies: in order to measure the overall rates of oxidative pyrolysis of biomass volatiles, and to determine the types of intermediate organic species which are likely to form as part of this process, model compounds have been reacted in a specialized jet-stirred reactor, which has been developed as part of this research. (2) high-intensity wood combustion: in order to study the clean combustion of wood, that is, to investigate the conceptual design features required for clean burning, and to ascertain the levels and types of pollutant and condensible species which are most difficult to oxidize, a high-intensity, research wood combustor has been developed and examined for the different phases of the wood burning cycle. Although the objectives of the project have been met, it has not been possible, because of support limitations, to thoroughly explore several interesting aspects which have arisen because of this research. For example, a third laboratory system in which wood pyrolysis gas is injected directly into the a well characterized reactor, so that the kinetics and mechanisms of the gas-phase reaction of the actual biomass volatiles can be studied, could not be thoroughly developed. Refinements in the high-intensity wood combustor, which would bring its design features closer to practicality for the industry, could not be considered. 32 references, 37 figures, 10 tables.

Malte, P.C.; Thornton, M.M.; Kamber, P.D.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

A study of Shanghai fuel oil futures price volatility based on high frequency data: Long-range dependence, modeling and forecasting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In existing researches, the investigations of oil price volatility are always performed based on daily data and squared daily return is always taken as the proxy of actual volatility. However, it is widely accepted that the popular realized volatility (RV) based on high frequency data is a more robust measure of actual volatility than squared return. Due to this motivation, we investigate dynamics of daily volatility of Shanghai fuel oil futures prices employing 5-minute high frequency data. First, using a nonparametric method, we find that RV displays strong long-range dependence and recent financial crisis can cause a lower degree of long-range dependence. Second, we model daily volatility using RV models and GARCH-class models. Our results indicate that RV models for intraday data overwhelmingly outperform GARCH-class models for daily data in forecasting fuel oil price volatility, regardless the proxy of actual volatility. Finally, we investigate the major source of such volatile prices and found that trader activity has major contribution to fierce variations of fuel oil prices.

Li Liu; Jieqiu Wan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Volatile tritiated organic acids in stack effluents and in air surrounding contaminated materials  

SciTech Connect

A small fraction of the tritium released into the atmosphere from tritium-handling or solid waste storage facilities was shown to be in the form of volatile organic acids. The same compounds were also found, but at a much higher proportion, in the tritium evolved at room temperature from highly contaminated materials placed under air atmospheres. This might be due to the oxidation and labeling of hydrocarbon(s) by mechanisms that are presumably of a radiolytic nature. The new forms could have an impact on operational requirements and waste management strategies within a tritium facility and a fusion reactor hall. Further data are needed to assess the related doses.

Belot, Y.; Camus, H.; Marini, T.; Raviart, S. (Institut de Protection et de Surete Nucleaire (France))

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Photo-activated luminescence sensor and method of detecting trichloroethylene and related volatile organochloride compounds  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A sensor for detecting trichloroethylene and related volatile organochloride compounds uses a photo-activator that produces a photo-product complex with the contaminant. Characteristics of the light emitted from the complex will indicate the presence of the contaminant. A probe containing the photo-activator has an excitation light interface and a contaminant interface. One particular embodiment uses a porous membrane as the contaminant interface, so that the contaminant can migrate therethrough to the photo-activator and thereby form the complex.

Dinh, Tuan V. (Knoxville, TN)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Photo-activated luminescence sensor and method of detecting trichloroethylene and related volatile organochloride compounds  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A sensor for detecting trichloroethylene and related volatile organochloride compounds uses a photo-activator that produces a photo-product complex with the contaminant. Characteristics of the light emitted from the complex will indicate the presence of the contaminant. A probe containing the photo-activator has an excitation light interface and a contaminant interface. One particular embodiment uses a porous membrane as the contaminant interface, so that the contaminant can migrate there through to the photo-activator and thereby form the complex. 23 figs.

Dinh, T.V.

1996-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

266

Long-Term Growth and Short-Term Volatility: The Labour Market Nexus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(1997) and (2000), Black- burn and Galindev (2003), show that when the knowledge (embodied or disembodied) accumulation externality works only through labour, volatility will be detrimental to growth. However, De Hek (1999), going back to Romers (1986... where mpt ? MtPtKt . Equation (10) also tells us that inflation pit+1 = Pt+1Pt ? 1 evolves according to: (1 + pit)(1 + gt) = at. (29) Coming to the labour market equilibrium, (17) in terms of stationary variables be- comes: Lt = (?2atbtEt?1Lta?1t ??ct...

Annicchiarico, B; Corrado, Luisa; Pelloni, A

267

Literature review of stabilization/solidification of volatile organic compounds and the implications for Hanford grouts  

SciTech Connect

A literature review was conducted on the stabilization/solidification of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Based on this literature, it is likely that the limestone-containing grout will not permanently immobilize VOCs and that no presently available additives can guarantee permanent immobilization. The Westinghouse hanford company grout may be fairly effective at retarding aqueous leaching of VOCs, and commercial additives can improve this performance. Significant VOC losses do occur during stabilization/solidification, and the high temperatures of the Westinghouse Hanford Company waste and grout should exacerbate this problem. In fact, these high temperatures raise doubts about the presence of VOCs in the double-shell tanks supernates.

Spence, R.D.; Osborne, S.C.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Common inversion polymorphism at 17q21.31 affects expression of multiple genes in tissue-specific manner  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2007, 25(3):561570. 11. Rademakers R, Melquist S, Cruts M,Genet 2005, 5. Cruts M, Rademakers R, Gijselinck I, van der

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Development of a new generation of waste form for entrapment and immobilization of highly volatile and soluble radionuclides.  

SciTech Connect

The United States is now re-assessing its nuclear waste disposal policy and re-evaluating the option of moving away from the current once-through open fuel cycle to a closed fuel cycle. In a closed fuel cycle, used fuels will be reprocessed and useful components such as uranium or transuranics will be recovered for reuse. During this process, a variety of waste streams will be generated. Immobilizing these waste streams into appropriate waste forms for either interim storage or long-term disposal is technically challenging. Highly volatile or soluble radionuclides such as iodine ({sup 129}I) and technetium ({sup 99}Tc) are particularly problematic, because both have long half-lives and can exist as gaseous or anionic species that are highly soluble and poorly sorbed by natural materials. Under the support of Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) Laboratory-Directed Research & Development (LDRD), we have developed a suite of inorganic nanocomposite materials (SNL-NCP) that can effectively entrap various radionuclides, especially for {sup 129}I and {sup 99}Tc. In particular, these materials have high sorption capabilities for iodine gas. After the sorption of radionuclides, these materials can be directly converted into nanostructured waste forms. This new generation of waste forms incorporates radionuclides as nano-scale inclusions in a host matrix and thus effectively relaxes the constraint of crystal structure on waste loadings. Therefore, the new waste forms have an unprecedented flexibility to accommodate a wide range of radionuclides with high waste loadings and low leaching rates. Specifically, we have developed a general route for synthesizing nanoporous metal oxides from inexpensive inorganic precursors. More than 300 materials have been synthesized and characterized with x-ray diffraction (XRD), BET surface area measurements, and transmission electron microscope (TEM). The sorption capabilities of the synthesized materials have been quantified by using stable isotopes I and Re as analogs to {sup 129}I and {sup 99}Tc. The results have confirmed our original finding that nanoporous Al oxide and its derivatives have high I sorption capabilities due to the combined effects of surface chemistry and nanopore confinement. We have developed a suite of techniques for the fixation of radionuclides in metal oxide nanopores. The key to this fixation is to chemically convert a target radionuclide into a less volatile or soluble form. We have developed a technique to convert a radionuclide-loaded nanoporous material into a durable glass-ceramic waste form through calcination. We have shown that mixing a radionuclide-loaded getter material with a Na-silicate solution can effectively seal the nanopores in the material, thus enhancing radionuclide retention during waste form formation. Our leaching tests have demonstrated the existence of an optimal vitrification temperature for the enhancement of waste form durability. Our work also indicates that silver may not be needed for I immobilization and encapsulation.

Rodriguez, Mark Andrew; Bencoe, Denise Nora; Brinker, C. Jeffrey; Murphy, Andrew Wilson; Holt, Kathleen Caroline; Turnham, Rigney; Kruichak, Jessica Nicole; Tellez, Hernesto; Miller, Andy; Xiong, Yongliang; Pohl, Phillip Isabio; Ockwig, Nathan W.; Wang, Yifeng; Gao, Huizhen

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Pesq. agropec. bras., Braslia, v.39, n.3, p.201-208, mar. 2004 Mutants of common bean alpha-amylase inhibitor-2 201  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pesq. agropec. bras., Brasília, v.39, n.3, p.201-208, mar. 2004 Mutants of common bean alpha-amylase inhibitor-2 201 Mutants of common bean alpha-amylase inhibitor-2 as an approach to investigate binding specificity to alpha-amylases Maria Cristina Mattar da Silva(1) , Luciane Vieira Mello(1) , Marise Ventura

Neshich, Goran

271

Generation risk assessment in volatile conditions with wind, hydro, and natural gas units  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper studies a generating company (GENCO)s midterm (a few months to a year) scheduling payoffs and risks in volatile operating conditions. The proposed algorithm considers the integration of intermittent wind units into a GENCOs generation assets and coordinates the GENCOs hourly wind generation schedule with that of natural gas (NG) units (with volatile gas prices) and hydro units (with water inflow forecast) for maximizing the GENCOs payoff. The proposed midterm GENCO model applies market price forecasts to the risk-constrained stochastic price-based unit commitment (PBUC) for calculating the GENCOs risk in energy and ancillary services markets. The proposed PBUC minimizes the cost of (a) NG contracts, storage, startup and shutdown, (b) startup and shutdown of cascaded hydro units, and (c) penalty for defaulting on the scheduled power delivery. Simulation results show that the diversification of generating assets including bilateral contracts (BCs) could enhance the GENCOs midterm planning by increasing the expected payoff and decreasing the financial risk.

Cem Sahin; Mohammad Shahidehpour; Ismet Erkmen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Volatile abundances in submarine glasses from the North Fiji and Lau back-arc basins  

SciTech Connect

Glasses from submarine lavas of the North Fiji and lau back-arc basins were analyzed by high-temperature mass spectrometry for volatiles. Abundances for H{sub 2}O, Cl, F, S and CO{sub 2} in glasses ranging in composition from depleted, primitive MORB to enriched, transitional tholeiites are reported. The samples divide into three groups based on K{sub 2}O vs. H{sub 2}O, Ba/Zr vs. H{sub 2}O and K{sub 2}O/H{sub 2}O vs. P{sub 2}O{sub 5}/H{sub 2}O variation diagrams. At similar Mg No., the least evolved samples studied are nearly identical to N-type MORB in H{sub 2}O abundances but show Cl contents enriched by a factor of 5. More enriched samples, classified as back-arc basin basalts (BABB) on the basis of major/trace elements and isotopes, are not as hydrous (at similar Mg No.) as those from the Mariana and East Scotia Sea back-arc basins. The data indicate that not all back-arc basins erupt lavas with the distinct volatile and other elemental characteristics of lavas from the Mariana Trough and Scotia Sea.

Aggrey, K.E.; Muenow, D.W.; Sinton, J.M. (Univ. of Hawaii, Honolulu (USA))

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Evaluation of several methods to measure volatility of motor fuels. Technical report  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is proposing regulations to reduce the amount of hydrocarbons released to the atmosphere due to the evaporation of automotive fuels. The new regulations may define upper volatility limits for these fuels based on seasonal climatic patterns. Volatility of gasoline fuels is typically quantified by measurement of Reid vapor pressure (RVP). Although an established procedure exists for the assessment of the parameter (ASTM S 323), there is question as to the accuracy of the procedure when evaluating fuels with water-interactive constituents, e.g., alcohols and ethers. ASTM P 176 is a procedure that has been proposed as its replacement. It addresses the problem of water and is known as the dry version of ASTM D 323. The correlation study was designed to evaluate the proposed ASTM P 176 procedure for repeatability and reproducibility. The results of the study will help establish a basis for enforcement tolerance. Also evaluated was the equivalency of results from two commercial instruments versus those obtained by the traditional gauges and bath techniques.

Haubenstricker, M.E.; Scarbro, C.A.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

An assessment of methyl mercury and volatile mercury in land-applied sewage sludge  

SciTech Connect

In 1993, the US Environmental Protection Agency issued regulations covering the land-application of municipal sewage sludge. These regulations established maximum pollutant concentrations and were based upon a risk assessment of human exposure. Mercury, assumed to be inorganic and non-volatile, was one pollutant evaluated. From April, 1995 through February, 1996, the authors studied the species of mercury contaminating municipal sludge applied to land, and the potential for volatilization of mercury from land-applied sludge. Methyl mercury was found at 0.1% of total mercury concentrations and was emitted from land-applied sludge to the atmosphere. Elemental mercury (Hg) was formed in land-applied sludge via the reduction of oxidized mercury and was also emitted to the atmosphere. Hg emission from land-applied sludge was significantly elevated over background soil emission. Methyl mercury is more toxic and more highly bioaccumulated than inorganic mercury, and warrants assessment considering these special criteria. Additionally, mercury emission from sludge-amended soil may lead to the contamination of other environmental media with significant concentrations of the metal. Although these pathways were not evaluated in the regulatory risk assessment, they are an important consideration for evaluating the risks from mercury in land-applied sludge. This presentation will summarize the results of a re-assessment of US EPA regulations regarding the land-application of municipal sewage sludge using data on methyl mercury toxicity and mercury transport in the atmosphere.

Carpi, A. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States); Lindberg, S.E. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

275

Conditional correlations and volatility spillovers between crude oil and stock index returns  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper investigates the conditional correlations and volatility spillovers between the crude oil and financial markets, based on crude oil returns and stock index returns. Daily returns from 2 January 1998 to 4 November 2009 of the crude oil spot, forward and futures prices from the WTI and Brent markets, and the FTSE100, NYSE, Dow Jones and S&P500 stock index returns, are analysed using the CCC model of Bollerslev (1990), VARMA-GARCH model of Ling and McAleer (2003), VARMA-AGARCH model of McAleer, Hoti, and Chan (2008), and DCC model of Engle (2002). Based on the CCC model, the estimates of conditional correlations for returns across markets are very low, and some are not statistically significant, which means the conditional shocks are correlated only in the same market and not across markets. However, the DCC estimates of the conditional correlations are always significant. This result makes it clear that the assumption of constant conditional correlations is not supported empirically. Surprisingly, the empirical results from the VARMA-GARCH and VARMA-AGARCH models provide little evidence of volatility spillovers between the crude oil and financial markets. The evidence of asymmetric effects of negative and positive shocks of equal magnitude on the conditional variances suggests that VARMA-AGARCH is superior to VARMA-GARCH and CCC.

Chia-Lin Chang; Michael McAleer; Roengchai Tansuchat

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

QGESS: Specification for Selected Feedstocks  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

011812 National Energy Technology Laboratory Office of Program Performance and Benefits 2 Specification for Selected Feedstocks Quality Guidelines for Energy System Studies January...

277

PART FIVE COMMON PROVISIONS ARTICLE XXIX. RECOVERY OF STATE...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

COMMON PROVISIONS ARTICLE XXIX. RECOVERY OF STATE COSTS 99. DOE agrees to reimburse Ecology for all of its costs related to the implementation of this Agreement as provided...

278

Hanford Site environmental management specification  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office (RL) uses this Hanford Site Environmental Management Specification (Specification) to document top-level mission requirements and planning assumptions for the prime contractors involved in Hanford Site cleanup and infrastructure activities under the responsibility of the US Department of Energy, Office of Environmental Management. This Specification describes at a top level the activities, facilities, and infrastructure necessary to accomplish the cleanup of the Hanford Site and assigns this scope to Site contractors and their respective projects. This Specification also references the key National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA), Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA), and safety documentation necessary to accurately describe the cleanup at a summary level. The information contained in this document reflects RL`s application of values, priorities, and critical success factors expressed by those involved with and affected by the Hanford Site project. The prime contractors and their projects develop complete baselines and work plans to implement this Specification. These lower-level documents and the data that support them, together with this Specification, represent the full set of requirements applicable to the contractors and their projects. Figure 1-1 shows the relationship of this Specification to the other basic Site documents. Similarly, the documents, orders, and laws referenced in this specification represent only the most salient sources of requirements. Current and contractual reference data contain a complete set of source documents.

Grygiel, M.L.

1998-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

279

Simulated population responses of common carp to commercial exploitation  

SciTech Connect

Common carp Cyprinus carpio is a widespread invasive species that can become highly abundant and impose deleterious ecosystem effects. Thus, aquatic resource managers are interested in controlling common carp populations. Control of invasive common carp populations is difficult, due in part to the inherent uncertainty of how populations respond to exploitation. To understand how common carp populations respond to exploitation, we evaluated common carp population dynamics (recruitment, growth, and mortality) in three natural lakes in eastern South Dakota. Common carp exhibited similar population dynamics across these three systems that were characterized by consistent recruitment (ages 3 to 15 years present), fast growth (K = 0.37 to 0.59), and low mortality (A = 1 to 7%). We then modeled the effects of commercial exploitation on size structure, abundance, and egg production to determine its utility as a management tool to control populations. All three populations responded similarly to exploitation simulations with a 575-mm length restriction, representing commercial gear selectivity. Simulated common carp size structure modestly declined (9 to 37%) in all simulations. Abundance of common carp declined dramatically (28 to 56%) at low levels of exploitation (0 to 20%) but exploitation >40% had little additive effect and populations were only reduced by 49 to 79% despite high exploitation (>90%). Maximum lifetime egg production was reduced from 77 to 89% at a moderate level of exploitation (40%), indicating the potential for recruitment overfishing. Exploitation further reduced common carp size structure, abundance, and egg production when simulations were not size selective. Our results provide insights to how common carp populations may respond to exploitation. Although commercial exploitation may be able to partially control populations, an integrated removal approach that removes all sizes of common carp has a greater chance of controlling population abundance and reducing perturbations induced by this invasive species.

Weber, Michael J.; Hennen, Matthew J.; Brown, Michael L.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Modified Atmosphere Packaged Cheddar Cheese Shreds:? Influence of Fluorescent Light Exposure and Gas Type on Color and Production of Volatile Compounds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Modified Atmosphere Packaged Cheddar Cheese Shreds:? Influence of Fluorescent Light Exposure and Gas Type on Color and Production of Volatile Compounds ... The cheese block was shredded with a hand shredder. ... Aldehydes were the major constituent of the volatile fraction of shredded Cheddar cheese packaged under CO2. ...

Llori M. Colchin; Sandra L. Owens; Galina Lyubachevskaya; Elizabeth Boyle-Roden; Estelle Russek-Cohen; Scott A. Rankin

2001-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility specifications commonly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Photochemical Modeling of Emissions Trading of Highly Reactive Volatile Organic Compounds in Houston, Texas. 1. Reactivity Based Trading and Potential for Ozone Hot Spot Formation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Photochemical Modeling of Emissions Trading of Highly Reactive Volatile Organic Compounds in Houston, Texas. ... (12)?Thompson, T. M.; Wang, L.; Web, A.; McDonald-Buller, E.; Allen, D. T. Photochemical Modeling of the Air Quality Impacts of an Emissions Trading Program for Highly Reactive Volatile Organic Compounds (HRVOCs) in Texas; Air and Waste Management Association Annual Meeting, New Orleans, June, 2006. ...

Linlin Wang; Tammy Thompson; Elena C. McDonald-Buller; Alba Webb; David T. Allen

2007-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

282

Building Energy Data Exchange Specification (BEDES) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercial Buildings » Building Energy Data Exchange Specification Commercial Buildings » Building Energy Data Exchange Specification (BEDES) Building Energy Data Exchange Specification (BEDES) The Building Energy Data Exchange Specification (BEDES, pronounced "beads" or /bi:ds/) is designed to support analysis of the measured energy performance of commercial, multifamily, and residential buildings, by providing a common data format, definitions, and an exchange protocol for building characteristics, efficiency measures, and energy use. Challenge One of the primary challenges to expanding the building energy efficiency retrofit market is the lack of empirical data on the energy performance and physical and operational characteristics of commercial, multifamily, and residential buildings. This makes it difficult for building-level

283

FAQ 3-What are the common forms of uranium?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

are the common forms of uranium? are the common forms of uranium? What are the common forms of uranium? Uranium can take many chemical forms. In nature, uranium is generally found as an oxide, such as in the olive-green-colored mineral pitchblende. Uranium oxide is also the chemical form most often used for nuclear fuel. Uranium-fluorine compounds are also common in uranium processing, with uranium hexafluoride (UF6) and uranium tetrafluoride (UF4) being the two most common. In its pure form, uranium is a silver-colored metal. The most common forms of uranium oxide are U3O8 and UO2. Both oxide forms have low solubility in water and are relatively stable over a wide range of environmental conditions. Triuranium octaoxide (U3O8) is the most stable form of uranium and is the form most commonly found in nature. Uranium dioxide (UO2) is the form in which uranium is most commonly used as a nuclear reactor fuel. At ambient temperatures, UO2 will gradually convert to U3O8. Because of their stability, uranium oxides are generally considered the preferred chemical form for storage or disposal.

284

The Learning Commons At the University of Connecticut, Storrs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commons proper is located on Level 1 of the Homer Babbidge Library and encompasses all of the public space will be coordinated by the Library. Office Space The Learning Commons space is set aside exclusively as public space and collaborative spaces, technologies, instruction and other assistance that cumulatively enable students

Lozano-Robledo, Alvaro

285

Commons and Anticommons in a simple Renewable Resource Harvest Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commons and Anticommons in a simple Renewable Resource Harvest Model June 20, 2007 M. Bredea a model where agents harvesting from a renewable resource can impose limita- tions on the harvesting that a fluctuation destabilizes the system into severe overexploitation. key words: renewable resources, commons

Boschetti, Fabio

286

The Texas Common Application www.applytexas.org  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at Galveston Texas Southern University University of Houston Main Campus University of Houston Downtown #12The Texas Common Application www.applytexas.org #12;About the Texas Common Application The goal of ApplyTexas is to offer a centralized means for both Texas and non-Texas students to apply to the many

287

Volatility regimes, asymmetric basis effects and forecasting performance: An empirical investigation of the WTI crude oil futures market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study employs a flexible regime-switching EGARCH model with Student-t distributed error terms to investigate whether volatility regimes and basis affect the behavior of crude oil futures returns, including the conditional mean, variance, skewness, kurtosis as well as the extent of heavy-tailedness. The study also examines whether volatility regimes and asymmetric basis effects can improve the forecasting accuracy. The main merit of the empirical model is that the basis effect is allowed to be asymmetric and to vary across volatility regimes. Empirical results suggest that the conditional mean and variance respond to the basis asymmetrically and nonlinearly, and that the responses of transition probabilities to the basis are symmetric. Furthermore, the conditional higher moments are sensitive to the absolute value of basis, and the heavy tailed characteristic can be greatly alleviated by taking into account the asymmetric basis effects and regime switches. Finally, the regime switches and asymmetric basis effects play decisive roles in forecasting return, volatility and tail distribution.

Kuang-Liang Chang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Use of Low-Volatile Solid Fuels in a 100 kW Chemical-Looping Combustor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Swedish wood char and Mexican petcoke, both having low volatile content, were used as fuel. ... The carbon capture efficiency was high with wood char, but not as high with petcoke. ... Using petcoke as fuel, high gas conversion was achieved even when employing very high fuel power, 148 kW. ...

Carl Linderholm; Matthias Schmitz; Pavleta Knutsson; Malin Klln; Anders Lyngfelt

2014-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

289

Fluid saturation and volatile partitioning between melts and hydrous fluids in crustal magmatic systems: The contribution of experimental measurements and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

systems, experimental results on the solubility and partitioning of H2O, CO2, S, Cl, F and a few other systems: The contribution of experimental measurements and solubility models Don R. Baker a, , Marina 2012 Keywords: Magmatic volatiles Solubility Water Carbon dioxide Sulfur Halogens This work reviews

Long, Bernard

290

Diversity of the Volatile Organic Compounds Emitted by 55 Species of Tropical Trees: a Survey in French Guiana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in French Guiana Elodie A. Courtois & C. E. Timothy Paine & Pierre-Alain Blandinieres & Didier Stien & Jean, LLC 2009 Abstract Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are pro- duced by a broad range of organisms, from tropical tree species in a lowland rainforest of French Guiana. We discovered a remarkably high chemical

Chave, Jérôme

291

Estimation of Volatility The values of the parameters r, t, St, T, and K used to price a call op-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is the price of light sweet crude oil futures traded on the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX), basedChapter 7 Estimation of Volatility The values of the parameters r, t, St, T, and K used to price in the stock price model dSt St = µdt + dBt. A natural estimator for the trend parameter µ can be written as ^µ

Privault, Nicolas

292

NMED COMMENTS ITEM 3 REVISE VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND (VOC) TARGET ANALYTE LIST  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 NMED COMMENTS ITEM 3 REVISE VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND (VOC) TARGET ANALYTE LIST OTHER CHANGES TO VOC MONITORING PROGRAM Page 1 of 21 VOC 3·1: PMR Section 3, Topic 1, Table 1 Recalculated Waste Matrix Code Group Weighting Factors based on the 2004 Compliance Recertification Contact Handled (CH) Transuranic (TRU) Waste Inventory (m 3 ) The new weighting factors appear to be based on CH TRU waste only and do not include remote handled (RH) TRU waste. There was no discussion in the PMR addressing possible differences in Waste Matrix Code Group (WMCG) for RH TRU that could potentially impact the weighting factors. Please provide data characterizing the differences in emissions between the two types of waste, in support of the assertion that modeling data from CH TRU waste adequately

293

Evaluation of calcium chloride and ammonium thiosulfate as ammonia volatilization inhibitors for surface-applied urea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

million tons Total fertilizer Total N NH4NOs Anhydrous NHs N solutions Urea 22. 7 24. 9 42. 5 52. 8 41. 8 50. 1 1. 6 2. 74 8. 60 11. 4 9. 13 11. 1 1. 12 1. 23 2. 80 2. 63 2. 15 2. 19 0. 35 0. 71 4. 02 5. 48 3. 84 4. 71 0. 21 0. 65 4. 11 6. 67 6...-12 10-12 10-12 0-2 12-14 0-2 120 144 96 24 36 24 261 3128 218 1878 225 3104 In general, three major effects were observed: 1) The lag phase of NHs volatilization was delayed or lengthened. 2) The maximum N loss rate occurred later...

Sloan, John J.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Investigations of release phenomenon of volatile organic compounds and particulates from residual storage chip piles  

SciTech Connect

This paper outlines the method for estimating Particulate Matter and Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) emissions from wood handling and storage operations at a pulp mill. Fugitive particulate matter emissions from wood handling and storage operations are due to material load/dropout operations, wind erosion from storage piles and vehicular traffic on paved roads. The particulate matter emissions are a function of a number of variables like windspeed, surface moisture content, material silt content, and number of days of precipitation. Literature review attributes VOC emissions to biological, microbiological, chemical, and physical processes occurring in wood material storage pile. The VOC emissions are from the surface of these piles and the VOC released during retrieval of chips from the pile. VOC emissions are based on the chip throughput, number of turnovers, moisture content and surface area of the pile. The emission factors with the requisite calculation methodology to be utilized for quantifying VOC emissions from chip piles has been discussed in this paper.

Mohan, S.; Nagarkatti, M. [Trinity Consultants, Inc., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

295

Hydrogen Safety Project chemical analysis support task: Window C'' volatile organic analysis  

SciTech Connect

This data package contains the results obtained by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) staff in the characterization of samples for the 101-SY Hydrogen Safety Project. The samples were submitted for analysis by Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) under the Technical Project Plan (TPP) 17667 and the Quality Assurance Plan MCS-027. They came from a core taken during Window C'' after the May 1991 gas release event. The analytical procedures required for analysis were defined in the Test Instructions (TI) prepared by the PNL 101-SY Analytical Chemistry Laboratory (ACL) Project Management Office in accordance with the TPP and the QA Plan. The requested analysis for these samples was volatile organic analysis. The quality control (QC) requirements for each sample are defined in the Test Instructions for each sample. The QC requirements outlined in the procedures and requested in the WHC statement of work were followed.

Gillespie, B.M.; Stromatt, R.W.; Ross, G.A.; Hoope, E.A.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Hydrogen Safety Project chemical analysis support task: Window ``C`` volatile organic analysis  

SciTech Connect

This data package contains the results obtained by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) staff in the characterization of samples for the 101-SY Hydrogen Safety Project. The samples were submitted for analysis by Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) under the Technical Project Plan (TPP) 17667 and the Quality Assurance Plan MCS-027. They came from a core taken during Window ``C`` after the May 1991 gas release event. The analytical procedures required for analysis were defined in the Test Instructions (TI) prepared by the PNL 101-SY Analytical Chemistry Laboratory (ACL) Project Management Office in accordance with the TPP and the QA Plan. The requested analysis for these samples was volatile organic analysis. The quality control (QC) requirements for each sample are defined in the Test Instructions for each sample. The QC requirements outlined in the procedures and requested in the WHC statement of work were followed.

Gillespie, B.M.; Stromatt, R.W.; Ross, G.A.; Hoope, E.A.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Oak Ridge Site Specific Advisory ...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Ridge Site Specific Advisory Board * P.O. Box 2001, EM-91, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 Phone: 865-241-4583, 865-241-4584, 1-800-382-6938 * Fax: 865-574-3521 * Internet:...

298

Electric motor model repair specifications  

SciTech Connect

These model repair specifications list the minimum requirements for repair and overhaul of polyphase AC squireel cage induction motors. All power ranges, voltages, and speeds of squirrel cage motors are covered.

NONE

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Characterization of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in Asian and north American pollution plumes during INTEX-B: identification of specific Chinese air mass tracers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1,2-DCE), ethane, ethyne, propane, butanes, i-pentane, andDCE Ethane Ethene Ethyne Propane i-Butane n-Butane i-PentaneDCE Ethane Ethene Ethyne Propane i-Butane n-Butane i-Pentane

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Characterization of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in Asian and north American pollution plumes during INTEX-B: identification of specific Chinese air mass tracers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

coal and biofuel combustion and biomass burning (Khalil andcombustion products ethyne and benzene, and of the biomass/combustion tracer ethyne, the industrial solvent CH 2 Cl 2 , and the two coal/biomass

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility specifications commonly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Building Energy Data Exchange Specification Scoping Report |...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Building Energy Data Exchange Specification Scoping Report Building Energy Data Exchange Specification Scoping Report The Building Energy Data Exchange Specification (BEDES),...

302

Common Myths about Tamper Indicating Seals - Vulnerability Assessment Team  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Common Myths about Tamper Common Myths about Tamper Indicating Seals VAT Projects Introducing the VAT Adversarial Vulnerability Assessments Safety Tags & Product Counterfeiting Election Security Spoofing GPS Defeating Existing Tamper-Indicating Seals Specialty Field Tools & Sampling Tools Insider Threat Mitigation Drug Testing Security Microprocessor Prototypes The Journal of Physical Security Vulnerability Assessments Vulnerability Assessments Insanely Fast µProcessor Shop Insanely Fast µProcessor Shop Seals About Seals Applications of Seals Common Myths about Tamper Indicating Seals Definitions Findings and Lessons Learned New Seals Types of Seals Seals References Selected VAT Papers Selected VAT Papers Selected Invited Talks Self-Assessment Survey Security Maxims Devil's Dictionary of Security Terms

303

Development and Application of A Membrane-Based Thermodenuder for Measurement of Volatile Particles Emitted by A Jet Turbine Engine  

SciTech Connect

Measurement of volatile particles emitted by modern jet engines is a daunting task. Besides the complexity in sampling jet aircraft exhaust, the main difficulty lies at how to faithfully capture the phase-partition dynamics of volatile particles as they travel downstream from the engine exhaust nozzle. As a result, the physico-chemical properties of the exhaust are also transformed. We have developed a sampling instrument that aims at enabling study of the phase-partition dynamics. The objective of this research project was to design and evaluate a new thermodenuder for performing phase separation of the engine-emitted volatile particles. The backbone of the new thermodenuder is a thin metallic membrane. The membrane enables extraction of molecules that can be thermally desorbed from the condensed particulate phases and collected for subsequent chemical analysis. Toward realization of the technique in the future field aircraft emissions measurement we tested this new thermo-denuding device using laboratory-generated particles that were made of non-volatile or semi-volatile chemicals. The particle penetration efficiency, a measure of the device performance, of this thermodenuder was found to be better than 99%. Results obtained from the tests executed at a number of operating temperature conditions show reasonably good thermal separation. We have scheduled to apply this new device to characterize emissions from a T63 turboshaft engine in the spring of 2010 and are expecting to show the engine results at the conference. The test results based on the laboratory-generated particles were encouraging for the intended application. With excellent particle transmission efficiency and an ability to simultaneously measure the composition in the gas and particle phases of the engine particles, we believe the new technology will make a great contribution to measurement research of engine emissions.

Cheng, Mengdawn [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Collaborating Towards a Common Goal to Advance America's Solar Industry |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Collaborating Towards a Common Goal to Advance America's Solar Collaborating Towards a Common Goal to Advance America's Solar Industry Collaborating Towards a Common Goal to Advance America's Solar Industry June 21, 2012 - 6:07pm Addthis Attendees gather to discuss, collaborate at the SunShot Grand Challenge Summit in Denver, Colorado. | Photo by Dennis Schroeder/NREL. Attendees gather to discuss, collaborate at the SunShot Grand Challenge Summit in Denver, Colorado. | Photo by Dennis Schroeder/NREL. Justin Vandenbroeck Intern, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Change takes more than desire -- it takes collaboration, communication, and a common goal. This idea was perhaps best exemplified at the SunShot Grand Challenge Summit in Denver. As a former participant in the Solar Decathlon and a current Energy Department intern, I attended the Summit to

305

Collaborating Towards a Common Goal to Advance America's Solar Industry |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Collaborating Towards a Common Goal to Advance America's Solar Collaborating Towards a Common Goal to Advance America's Solar Industry Collaborating Towards a Common Goal to Advance America's Solar Industry June 21, 2012 - 6:07pm Addthis Attendees gather to discuss, collaborate at the SunShot Grand Challenge Summit in Denver, Colorado. | Photo by Dennis Schroeder/NREL. Attendees gather to discuss, collaborate at the SunShot Grand Challenge Summit in Denver, Colorado. | Photo by Dennis Schroeder/NREL. Justin Vandenbroeck Intern, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Change takes more than desire -- it takes collaboration, communication, and a common goal. This idea was perhaps best exemplified at the SunShot Grand Challenge Summit in Denver. As a former participant in the Solar Decathlon and a current Energy Department intern, I attended the Summit to

306

CommonWealth Resource Management Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CommonWealth Resource Management Corporation CommonWealth Resource Management Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name CommonWealth Resource Management Corporation Place Boston, Massachusetts Zip MA 02132 Product String representation "CommonWealth is ... c partnerships." is too long. Coordinates 42.358635°, -71.056699° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.358635,"lon":-71.056699,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

307

Modularity and Commonality Research: Past Developments and Future Opportunities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research on modularity and commonality has grown substantially over the past 15 years. Searching 36 journals over more than the past 35 years, I identify over 160 references in the engineering and management literature ...

Fixson, Sebastian K.

2007-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

308

CAPRI: A Common Architecture for Distributed Probabilistic Internet Fault Diagnosis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents a new approach to root cause localization and fault diagnosis in the Internet based on a Common Architecture for Probabilistic Reasoning in the Internet (CAPRI) in which distributed, heterogeneous ...

Lee, George J.

2007-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

309

Translation of Common Information Model to Web Ontology Language  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a brief overview of the work on translation of Common Information Model (CIM) to Web Ontology Language (OWL) standard. The main motivation ... also comparison of existing approaches to convers...

Marta Majewska; Bartosz Kryza; Jacek Kitowski

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

CAPRI : a common architecture for distributed probabilistic Internet fault diagnosis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents a new approach to root cause localization and fault diagnosis in the Internet based on a Common Architecture for Probabilistic Reasoning in the Internet (CAPRI) in which distributed, heterogeneous ...

Lee, George J. (George Janbing), 1979-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Integrating the common information model with MDS4  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The management and monitoring of static and dynamic resources is a key issue in grid environments. Information models are an abstract representation of software and hardware aspects of these resources, a common and structured representation that allows ...

I. Diaz; G. Fernandez; M. J. Martinm; P. Gonzalez; J. Tourino

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Common cause analysis : a review and extension of existing methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The quantitative common cause analysis code, MOBB, is extended to include uncertainties arising from modelling uncertainties and data uncertainties. Two methods, Monte Carlo simulation and the Method-of-Moments are used ...

Heising, Carolyn D.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Improving commonality implementation in the cockpits of commercial aircraft  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Product development is a major source of competitive advantage in the commercial aircraft business. Judiciously implementing commonality across a range of products yields important benefits in this area. Thus, measuring ...

Bador, Damien (Damien Pierre Marcellin Dominique)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Rangeland Risk Management for Texans: Common Grazing Management Mistakes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Producers who understand the common grazing management mistakes discussed in this publication will be able to analyze their operations, realistically estimate their forage resources, and make adjustments if necessary....

White, Larry D.; Hanselka, C. Wayne; Clayton, Lindi

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Estimation of common k for negative binomial distributions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ESTIMATION OF COMMON K FOR NEGATIVE BINOMIAL DISTRIBUTIONS A Thesis LUCIANA MARTA Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1982 Major... of Department) December 1982 ABSTRACT Estimation of Common k for Negative Binomial Distributions. (December 1982) Luciana Marts, B. S. , Univ. Nacional de Rosario, Argentina. Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. James H. Natis, Two aspects of estimating a...

Marta, Luciana

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

E-Print Network 3.0 - approach defines common Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the product family optimization literature, commonality metrics are used to define the multi... defined for binary formulations (common not common), is relaxed to the continuous...

317

Method To Identify Specific Inhibiutors Of Imp Dehydrogenase  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to methods to identify specific inhibitors of the purine nucleotide synthesis enzyme, IMP dehydrogenase (IMPDH). IMPDH is an essential enzyme found in all free-living organisms from humans to bacteria and is an important therapeutic target. The invention allows the identification of specific inhibitors of any IMPDH enzyme which can be expressed in a functional form in a recombinant host cell. A variety of eukaryotic or prokaryotic host systems commonly used for the expression of recombinant proteins are suitable for the practice of the invention. The methods are amenable to high throughput systems for the screening of inhibitors generated by combinatorial chemistry or other methods such as antisense molecule production. Utilization of exogenous guanosine as a control component of the methods allows for the identification of inhibitors specific for IMPDH rather than other causes of decreased cell proliferation.

Collart, Frank R. (Bolingbrook, IL); Huberman, Eliezer (LaGrange, IL)

2000-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

318

Common Pipeline Carriers (North Dakota) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Common Pipeline Carriers (North Dakota) Common Pipeline Carriers (North Dakota) Common Pipeline Carriers (North Dakota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State North Dakota Program Type Siting and Permitting Any entity that owns, operates, or manages a pipeline for the purpose of transporting crude petroleum, gas, coal, or carbon dioxide within or through the state of North Dakota, or is engaged in the business of

319

Building a Common Understanding: Clean Air Act and Upcoming Carbon  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Building a Common Understanding: Clean Air Act and Upcoming Carbon Building a Common Understanding: Clean Air Act and Upcoming Carbon Pollution Guidelines for Existing Power Plants Webinar Building a Common Understanding: Clean Air Act and Upcoming Carbon Pollution Guidelines for Existing Power Plants Webinar August 27, 2013 1:00PM EDT Webinar This U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) presentation for state and tribal officials will provide an overview of Clean Air Act provisions for regulating carbon pollution from existing power plants. The webinar will be held Tuesday, August 27 from 1:00-2:30 p.m. Eastern Time. Please email walker.jean@epa.gov to register. Background On June 25, 2013, President Obama issued a Presidential Memorandum directing the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to work expeditiously to complete carbon pollution standards for the power sector.

320

Is HaleBopp A Juvenile Comet Study Of The Energy Balance To Explain The Vapor Flux Of Volatiles From The Surface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sublimation of minor gases from ices inside of a porous comet ... input. Our model meant to describe the gas flux inside and out of the porous...2O and CO as the most abundant minor component of higher volatility...

J. Benkhoff; H. Rauer

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility specifications commonly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Separation and Identification of Volatile Compounds from Liquid Cultures of Trichoderma harzianum by GC-MS using Three Different Capillary Columns  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......functions in the organism that are of remarkable importance to humankind in medical, industrial or agricultural applications. Some...activities. Volatile compounds are appear as intermediate and end products of diverse metabolic pathways and belong to various......

Shafiquzzaman Siddiquee; Bo Eng Cheong; Khanam Taslima; Hossain Kausar; Md Mainul Hasan

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Weed Busters: How to Control Common (Annual) Broomweed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of herbicide, surfactant and dye, then continue to fill the tank to the desired level with water. Be sure to add a spray marking dye and add the surfactant at 1 ?4 to 1 ?2 percent. Spray the Common Broomweed Spray individual common broomweed plants... Leaf Spray Method Herbicide rates for individual plant leaf spray. Amount of ingredient for Concentration varying spray tank sizes in Spray (gallons) Ingredient Solution 3 14 25 Herbicide 1% 4 ounces 18 ounces 32 ounces Surfactant 1 /4%1 ounce 5 ounces...

2005-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

323

Volatility of Mixtures of JP-8 with Biomass Derived Hydroprocessed Renewable Jet Fuels by the Composition Explicit Distillation Curve Method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Volatility of Mixtures of JP-8 with Biomass Derived Hydroprocessed Renewable Jet Fuels by the Composition Explicit Distillation Curve Method ... Energy Fuels, 2012, 26 (3), ... There are many reasons for this, the most important of which are guarding against potential supply disruptions, overcoming the dependence on foreign sources of petroleum, overcoming the vulnerability of large centralized refineries (to both weather events and terrorist acts), and mitigation of the rising costs of current fuel streams. ...

Jean Van Buren; Kathryn Abel; Tara M. Lovestead; Thomas J. Bruno

2012-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

324

The Pond 2 selenium volatilization study: A synthesis of five years of experimental results, 1990--1995  

SciTech Connect

Microbial volatilization is a potential remedial measure to decrease the selenium inventory in Kesterson Reservoir soils. Past studies in both the field and the laboratory suggest that a significant percentage of the selenium inventory may be removed in this fashion. The objectives of this study include the quantification of selenium losses and a test of a pilot-scale design which in the future may be used in other parts of the Reservoir.

Zawislanski, P.T. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Earth Sciences Div.; Jayaweera, G.R.; Biggar, J.W.; Wu, L. [Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States); Frankenberger, W.T. [Univ. of California, Riverside, CA (United States). Dept. of Soil and Environmental Sciences

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Secondary Organic Aerosol from Aqueous Reactions of Green Leaf Volatiles with Organic Triplet Excited States and Singlet Molecular Oxygen  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Secondary Organic Aerosol from Aqueous Reactions of Green Leaf Volatiles with Organic Triplet Excited States and Singlet Molecular Oxygen ... To examine this, we calculated the bond dissociation energies (BDE) of different CH bonds in the two molecules (Section S2 and Figure S3 in the SI). ... by the Arrhenius equation (Figure 3b)(6)where A is the pre-exponential factor, Ea is the activation energy, and R is the gas constant. ...

Nicole K. Richards-Henderson; Andrew T. Pham; Benjamin B. Kirk; Cort Anastasio

2014-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

326

Vertical composition gradient effects on original hydrocarbon in place volumes and liquid recovery for volatile oil and gas condensate reservoirs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Place Volumes and Liquid Recovery for Volatile Oil and Gas Condensate Reservoirs. (December 2000) Juan Manual Jaramillo Arias, B. S. , Universidad de America; B. S. , Universidad Nacional de Colombia Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Maria A. Barrufet... Reservoir Performance 2. 2 Equation of State Review. . 2. 3 Peng Robinson Equation of State (PR EOS). 2. 4 Vapor Liquid Equilibria. . 2. 5 Volume Translation. 2. 6 Pseudoization or Lumping. 2. 7 Heavy Fraction Characterization. . 2. 8 Compositional...

Jaramillo Arias, Juan Manuel

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

327

Causality and volatility spillovers among petroleum prices of WTI, gasoline and heating oil in different locations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper examines the time series properties of daily spot and futures prices for three petroleum types traded at five commodity centers within and outside the United States. Examining five combinations of the spot and futures prices by petroleum type and trading center, the cointegration tests of each of these five groups suggest that spot and futures contracts offer little room for long-run commodity portfolio diversification. In the West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude-oil group, the VEC model indicates that the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) 1-month futures price has the upper hand in terms of directional causality and volatility spillovers. In the NYMEX gasoline system, there are bi-directional causality relationships among all the gasoline spot and futures prices, but the spot price produces the greatest spillover. In the NYMEX heating oil system, information transmission and predictability among the spot, 1- and 3-month futures are found to be particularly strong and significant. In the international gasoline spot market, contrary to the world crude-oil market, there is no apparent world gasoline spot leader for the gasoline spot prices.

Shawkat Hammoudeh; Huimin Li; Bang Jeon

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

LastingNVCache: A Technique for Improving the Lifetime of Non-volatile Caches  

SciTech Connect

Use of NVM (Non-volatile memory) devices such as ReRAM (resistive RAM) and STT-RAM (spin transfer torque RAM) for designing on-chip caches holds the promise of providing a high-density, low-leakage alternative to SRAM. However, low write endurance of NVMs, along with the write-variation introduced by existing cache management schemes may significantly limit the lifetime of NVM caches. We present LastingNVCache, a technique for improving lifetime of NVM caches by mitigating the intra-set write variation. LastingNVCache works on the key idea that by periodically flushing a frequently-written data-item, the next time the block can be made to load into a cold block in the set. Through this, the future writes to that data-item can be redirected from a hot block to a cold block, which leads to improvement in the cache lifetime. Microarchitectural simulations have shown that LastingNVCache provides 6.36X, 9.79X, and 10.94X improvement in lifetime for single, dual and quad-core systems. Also, its implementation overhead is small and it outperforms a recently proposed technique for improving lifetime of NVM caches.

Mittal, Sparsh [ORNL] [ORNL; Vetter, Jeffrey S [ORNL] [ORNL; Li, Dong [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Real-time monitoring of volatile organic compounds using chemical ionization mass spectroscopy: Final report  

SciTech Connect

Volatile organic compound (VOC) emission to the atmosphere is of great concern to semiconductor manufacturing industries, research laboratories, the public, and regulatory agencies. Some industries are seeking ways to reduce emissions by reducing VOCs at the point of use (or generation). This paper discusses the requirements, design, calibration, and use of a sampling inlet/quadrupole mass spectrometer system for monitoring VOCs in a semiconductor manufacturing production line. The system uses chemical ionization to monitor compounds typically found in the lithography processes used to manufacture semiconductor devices (e.g., acetone, photoresist). The system was designed to be transportable from tool to tool in the production line and to give the operator real-time feedback so the process(es) can be adjusted to minimize VOC emissions. Detection limits ranging from the high ppb range for acetone to the low ppm range fore other lithography chemicals were achieved using chemical ionization mass spectroscopy at a data acquisition rate of approximately 1 mass spectral scan (30 to 200 daltons) per second. A demonstration of exhaust VOC monitoring was performed at a working semiconductor fabrication facility during actual wafer processing.

Thornberg, S.M.; Mowry, C.D.; Keenan, M.R.; Bender, S.F.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Gas Analysis Lab.; Owen, T. [Intel Corp., Rio Rancho, NM (United States)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Estimating Persistent Mass Flux of Volatile Contaminants from the Vadose Zone to Ground Water  

SciTech Connect

Contaminants may persist for long time periods within low permeability portions of the vadose zone where they cannot be effectively treated and are a potential continuing source of contamination to groundwater. Setting appropriate vadose zone remediation goals requires evaluating these persistent sources in terms of their impact on meeting groundwater remediation goals. One-dimensional approaches for estimating transport of volatile contaminants in the vadose zone are considered and compared to a one-dimensional flux-continuity-based assessment of vapor-phase contaminant movement from the vadose zone to the groundwater. The flux-continuity-based assessment demonstrates that the ability of the groundwater to move contaminant away from the water table controls the vapor-phase mass flux from the vadose zone across the water table. Limitations of the one-dimensional approaches are then discussed with respect to the need for further method development and application of two- or three-dimensional numerical modeling. The carbon tetrachloride (CT) plume at the U.S. Department of Energy Hanford Site is used as an example of a site where persistent vadose zone contamination needs to be considered in the context of groundwater remediation.

Truex, Michael J.; Oostrom, Martinus; Brusseau, Mark

2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

331

Chromosome specific repetitive DNA sequences  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is provided for determining specific nucleotide sequences useful in forming a probe which can identify specific chromosomes, preferably through in situ hybridization within the cell itself. In one embodiment, chromosome preferential nucleotide sequences are first determined from a library of recombinant DNA clones having families of repetitive sequences. Library clones are identified with a low homology with a sequence of repetitive DNA families to which the first clones respectively belong and variant sequences are then identified by selecting clones having a pattern of hybridization with genomic DNA dissimilar to the hybridization pattern shown by the respective families. In another embodiment, variant sequences are selected from a sequence of a known repetitive DNA family. The selected variant sequence is classified as chromosome specific, chromosome preferential, or chromosome nonspecific. Sequences which are classified as chromosome preferential are further sequenced and regions are identified having a low homology with other regions of the chromosome preferential sequence or with known sequences of other family me This invention is the result of a contract with the Department of Energy (Contract No. W-7405-ENG-36).

Moyzis, Robert K. (Los Alamos, NM); Meyne, Julianne (Los Alamos, NM)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Specifications  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Biodiesel Specifications to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Specifications on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Specifications on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Specifications on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Specifications on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Specifications on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Specifications on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Specifications Biodiesel produced or sold in the state, including for the purpose of blending with petroleum diesel, must meet ASTM specification D6751.

333

A COMPARISON OF MEASURED AND CALCULATED GAMMA RAY ATTENUATION FOR A COMMON COUNTING GEOMETRY  

SciTech Connect

In order to perform quantitative gamma spectroscopy, it is necessary to know the sample-specific detection efficiency for photons as a function of energy. The detection efficiency, along with the branching ratio for the isotope and gamma ray of interest, is used to convert observed counts/second to actual disintegrations/second, and, hence, has a large effect on the accuracy of the measurement. In cases where the geometry of the source is simple and reproducible, such as a point source, small vial of solid, or jar of liquid, geometry-specific standards may be counted to determine the detection efficiency. In cases where the samples are large, irregular, or unique, this method generally cannot be used. For example, it is impossible to obtain a NIST-traceable standard glovebox or 55-gallon drum. In these cases, a combination of measured absolute detector efficiency and calculated sample-specific correction factors is commonly used. The correction factors may be calculated via Monte Carlo simulation of the item (the method used by Canberra's ISOCS system), or via semi-empirical calculation of matrix and container attenuations based on the thickness and composition of the container and radioactive matrix (ISOTOPIC by EG&G Ortec uses this method). The accuracy of these correction factors for specific geometries is often of vital interest when assessing the quality of gamma spectroscopy data. During the Building 251 Risk-Reduction Project, over 100 samples of high activity actinides will be characterized via gamma spectroscopy, typically without removing the material from the current storage containers. Most of the radioactive materials in B-251 are stored in cylindrical stainless steel canisters (called USV containers, after the Underground Storage Vaults they are commonly stored in), 13 cm in diameter, by 28 cm high, with walls that are 1.8 mm thick. While the actual samples have a variety of configurations inside the USV container, a very common configuration is the material (usually as an oxide powder pellet of approximately 2 cm diameter by {approx}2 mm thick) in a squat glass jar, with the jar placed in a thin steel food-pack can, which is then placed in the bottom of the USV canister. During data acquisition, the USV containers are typically rotated at approximately 4 rpm on a turntable to eliminate errors due to the material not being centered in the can, or attenuation not being isotropic. An aluminum plate is placed over the container, secured by three vertical rods, to securely hold the container. Pictures of both the containers, and this typical counting configuration are shown below.

Gaylord, R F

2004-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

334

Effect of Oil Price Volatility on Tunisian Stock Market at Sector-level and Effectiveness of Hedging Strategy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this work, our objective is to study in a first step links and interaction between oil and stock markets in Tunisia in terms of volatility at the sector-level, and then in a second step to determine the best hedging strategy for oil-stock portfolio against the risk of negative variation in stock market prices. Our methodology consist to model the data by a bivariate GARCH model to capture the effect in terms of volatility in the variation of the oil price on the different sector index, and to use the conditional variances and conditional correlation to calculate the hedging ratio and determinate the best hedging strategy. The empirical results indicate that the majority of relationships are unidirectional from the oil market to Tunisian stock market, and the conditional variance of a stock sector returns is affected not only by the volatility surprises of the stock market, but also by those of oil market. The model GARCH-BEKK is more effective than the others versions to minimize the risk of oil-stock portfolio.

Wajdi Hamma; Anis Jarboui; Ahmed Ghorbel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Solar Photovoltaic SPECIFICATION, CHECKLIST AND GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Photovoltaic Photovoltaic SPECIFICATION, CHECKLIST AND GUIDE Renewable Energy Ready Home Renewable Energy Ready Home SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC SPECIFICATION, CHECKLIST AND GUIDE i Table of Contents About the Renewable Energy Ready Home Specifications Assumptions of the RERH Solar Photovoltaic Specification .............................................................................. 1 Builder and Specification Limitations ............................................................................................................. 2

336

Comparing Bacterial Genomes by Searching their Common Intervals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comparing Bacterial Genomes by Searching their Common Intervals S´ebastien Angibaud, Damien. Comparing bacterial genomes implies the use of a dedicated measure. It relies on comparing circular genomes genomes that takes into account duplications. Its application on a concrete case, comparing E. coli and V

Fertin, Guillaume

337

Towards a Common Terminology in the Discipline of Enterprise Architecture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a literature analysis considering 126 references to support a common terminology in the discipline of Enterprise Architecture (EA). In a first step, it surveys EA-Drivers, addressed architectural layers and the differentiation of ... Keywords: Architecture Layers, Drivers, Enterprise Architecture, Terminology

Marten Schenherr

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Metabolism and proliferation share common regulatory pathways in cancer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Metabolism and proliferation share common regulatory pathways in cancer cells. Vanessa Fritz, proliferation, and cancer inserm-00491405,version1-11Jun2010 Author manuscript, published in "Oncogene 2010;29(31):4369-77" DOI : 10.1038/onc.2010.182 #12;Metabolism, proliferation and cancer Fritz and Fajas 2 Abstract Cancer

Boyer, Edmond

339

REFORM, LOBBIES AND WELFARE: A COMMON AGENCY APPROACH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REFORM, LOBBIES AND WELFARE: A COMMON AGENCY APPROACH Cecilia TESTA London School of Economics are a reform and a compensating taxation. The main feature of the reform is that it creates gainers and losers on tax parameters. keywords: reform, lobbying, redistribution, economic welfare. 1 #12;Introduction

Royal Holloway, University of London

340

WHY MAJOR IN MATHEMATICS? Mathematics has commonly been recognized  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WHY MAJOR IN MATHEMATICS? Mathematics has commonly been recognized as the queen of science. But more than its role as a mere language and foundation of scientific studies and computing, Mathematics to medicine and from government to psychology. An undergraduate degree in Mathematics will open the way

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility specifications commonly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Common cause and contextual realization of Bell correlation  

SciTech Connect

Considering the common cause principle, we construct a local-contextual hidden-variable model for the Bohm version of EPR experiment. Our proposed model can reproduce the predictions of quantum mechanics. It can be also extended to classical examples in which similar correlations may be revealed.

Shafiee, A. [Department of Chemistry, Sharif University of Technology, P.O. Box 11365-9516, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: shafiee@sharif.edu; Maleeh, R. [Department of Philosophy of Science, Sharif University of Technology, P.O. Box 11365-9161, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Golshani, M. [Department of Physics, Sharif University of Technology, P.O. Box 11365-9161, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Institutes for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics, P.O. Box 19395-5531, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

342

Research Note True Metabolizable Energy for Seeds of Common Moist-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research Note True Metabolizable Energy for Seeds of Common Moist- Soil Plant Species BRUCE D Tech Center Drive, Suite 115, Vancouver, WA 98683, USA ABSTRACT Understanding the true metabolizable energy (TME) value of food is important for constructing bioenergetic models. We estimated gross energy

Dugger, Bruce

343

Providing a Common Platform to Drive mHealth Solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Providing a Common Platform to Drive mHealth Solutions The AT&T mHealth Platform enables are increasingly turning to mobile devices to help track and manage healthcare outcomes. There are over 17,000 mHealth applications in the major app stores today. By 2015, it is projected that there will be 500 million mHealth

Fisher, Kathleen

344

Finding Aggregate Proximity Relationships and Commonalities in Spatial Data Mining  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Finding Aggregate Proximity Relationships and Commonalities in Spatial Data Mining Edwin M. Knorr interested in mining spatial data. Due to the ever­growing uses of spatial systems such as GIS's, there are already huge amounts of spatial data accumulated, presenting ample opportunities for data analysis

Knorr, Edwin M.

345

Student Learning Commons Annual Report 2008/09  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Student Learning Commons Annual Report 2008/09 Elaine Fairey Introduction · The Student students in their academic pursuits, with a focus on providing writing and learning support services, Student Services, and many other campus groups. · SLC programs are provided using a highly effective

346

Common Spatial Patterns for Steady-State Somatosensory Evoked Potentials*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

spatial pattern (CSP) method, which is the spatial feature extraction method most widely used for the motor imagery BCI paradigm, to SSSEP BCI. Experimental results show that our approach, where two CSP, which is referred to as "common spatial pattern (CSP)" method [4]. The CSP is one of the most

Choi, Seungjin

347

2012 Graduate School of Science Current Course Descriptions Common Courses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and social issues (ELSI) as well as cases of bioethics, climate change and nuclear power. https2012 Graduate School of Science Current Course Descriptions Common Courses Science Communication Courses Course code Course title Instructor Course Description 35620-2001 Theory of Science Communication

Sano, Masaki

348

National Common Minimum Programme of the Congress-Led  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National Common Minimum Programme of the Congress-Led United Progressive Alliance: Policy Reform Progressive Alliance: Policy Reform and Public Investment Requirements Nirupam Bajpai and Jeffrey D. Sachs 2004. This note attempts to identify and analyze what the key policy reform measures and the public

349

Cumulative Carbon and Just Allocation of the Global Carbon Commons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cumulative Carbon and Just Allocation of the Global Carbon Commons R.T. Pierrehumbert* Abstract statistic, called cumulative carbon. This statistic is the aggregate amount ofcarbon emitted in theform such activitiespersist.In thispaper the conceptis usedto addressthe question offair allocation of carbon emissions

Pierrehumbert, Raymond

350

Cumulative Carbon and Just Allocation of the Global Carbon Commons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cumulative Carbon and Just Allocation of the Global Carbon Commons R.T. Pierrehumbert1 on climate can be characterized by a single statistic, called Cumulative Carbon. This is the aggregate amount of carbon emitted in the form of carbon dioxide by activities such as fossil fuel burning and deforestation

Pierrehumbert, Raymond

351

Non-local common cause explanations for EPR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper argues that a causal explanation of the correlated outcomes of EPR-type experiments is desirable and possible. It shows how Bohmian mechanics and the GRW mass density theory offer such an explanation in terms of a non-local common cause.

Egg, Matthias

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Methodological commons: arts and humanities e-Science fundamentals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Articles 1003 184 193 Theme Issue 'e-Science: past, present and future I' compiled...Methodological commons: arts and humanities e-Science fundamentals Sheila Anderson Tobias Blanke...London WC2B 5RL, UK The application of e-Science technologies to disciplines in the arts...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Project X functional requirements specification  

SciTech Connect

Project X is a multi-megawatt proton facility being developed to support a world-leading program in Intensity Frontier physics at Fermilab. The facility is designed to support programs in elementary particle and nuclear physics, with possible applications to nuclear energy research. A Functional Requirements Specification has been developed in order to establish performance criteria for the Project X complex in support of these multiple missions, and to assure that the facility is designed with sufficient upgrade capability to provide U.S. leadership for many decades to come. This paper will briefly review the previously described Functional Requirements, and then discuss their recent evolution.

Holmes, S.D.; Henderson, S.D.; Kephart, R.; Kerby, J.; Kourbanis, I.; Lebedev, V.; Mishra, S.; Nagaitsev, S.; Solyak, N.; Tschirhart, R.; /Fermilab

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Developing Biological Specifications for Fish Friendly Turbines...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Developing Biological Specifications for Fish Friendly Turbines Developing Biological Specifications for Fish Friendly Turbines This factsheet explains studies conducted in a...

355

" Row: Specific Energy-Management Activities...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 Number of Establishments by Participation in Specific Energy-Management Activities, 2006;" " Level: National Data; " " Row: Specific Energy-Management Activities within NAICS...

356

" Row: Specific Energy-Management Activities...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 Number of Establishments by Participation in Specific Energy-Management Activities, 2010;" " Level: National Data; " " Row: Specific Energy-Management Activities within NAICS...

357

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Quality Specifications  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Quality Biofuels Quality Specifications to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Quality Specifications on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Quality Specifications on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Quality Specifications on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Quality Specifications on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Quality Specifications on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Quality Specifications on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Quality Specifications The Tennessee Department of Agriculture may inspect and test biofuels under

358

COMMON CORE STATE STANDARDS Science Topic Outreach Posters (STOP) promote skills and learning processes detailed in the Common Core  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Science Topic Outreach posters COMMON CORE STATE STANDARDS Science Topic Outreach Posters (STOP manner, the sequence of questions posed on Science Topic Outreach Posters intensifies in rigor to Science Topic Outreach Posters grow in complexity from simple selections (multiple-choice) to student

359

Toward a Common Method ofToward a Common Method of Cost Estimation forCost Estimation for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Context for this TalkThe Context for this Talk At last year's workshop I reviewed/discussed the: · Common (IEAGHG) · Clas Ekström (Vattenfall) · Mike Matuszewski (USDOE) · Sean McCoy (IEA) · Ed Rubin (CMU) (Chair

360

CoNNECTIoNS FoR THE CommoN good  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

House. GPRI grant recipient Klein Ileleji is striving to help protect crops in sub-Saharan Africa challenge issues such as the impact of drought in Africa, global food price volatility and biofuels production. GPRI also forged new ground this year. As part of our research initiatives, we hosted Fulbright

Ginzel, Matthew

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility specifications commonly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Specifications  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

E85 Specifications to E85 Specifications to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Specifications on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Specifications on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Specifications on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Specifications on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Specifications on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Specifications on AddThis.com... More in this section... Ethanol Basics Blends Specifications Production & Distribution Feedstocks Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives E85 Specifications ASTM International developed specifications for E85-a gasoline-ethanol blend containing 51% to 83% ethanol-to ensure proper vehicle starting,

362

Chasing a common cold virus | Argonne National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Robert Fischetti (left), Glen Nemerow (center) and Vijay Reddy load samples at the Advanced Photon Source. Robert Fischetti (left), Glen Nemerow (center) and Vijay Reddy load samples at the Advanced Photon Source. Robert Fischetti (left), Glen Nemerow (center) and Vijay Reddy load samples at the Advanced Photon Source. Chasing a common cold virus By Susheela Bhat * October 19, 2012 Tweet EmailPrint As the cold and flu season makes its annual visit, a team of researchers, using Argonne's Advanced Photon Source, continue to complete a detailed map of the human adenovirus-one of several viruses responsible for the common cold. Although human adenovirus is usually not deadly, it is a seasonal nuisance to some and can cause deadly infections in others. In the early 1990s, Glen Nemerow, professor and principal investigator at the Immunology and Microbial Science division of The Scripps Institute,

363

Accelerated Wear Tests on Common Floor-covering Materials.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

materials indicated there are variations in the changes of appearance and wear in these materials. Solid sheet vinyls and rubber tiles showed significantly less wear than asphalt tiles, vinyl- asbestos tiles, linoleums and cork. Asphalt tiles showed... in home installations. Six common floor covering materials-solid .sheet vinyls, rubber tiles, vinyl-asbestos tiles, J linoleums, corks and asphalt tiles-were used to construct 63 test specimens 2 x 2 feet in size. 1 T'ariations in specimens were...

Stewart, B. R.; Kunze, O. R.; Hobgood, Price.

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Biomass Burning Observation Project Specifically,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Burning Observation Project Burning Observation Project Specifically, the aircraft will obtain measurements of the microphysical, chemical, hygroscopic, and optical properties of aerosols. Data captured during BBOP will help scientists better understand how aerosols combine and change at a variety of distances and burn times. Locations Pasco, Washington. From July through September, the G-1 will be based out of its home base in Washington. From this location, it can intercept and measure smoke plumes from naturally occurring uncontrolled fires across Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Northern California, and Western Montana. Smoke plumes aged 0-5 hours are the primary targets for this phase of the campaign. Memphis, Tennessee. In October, the plane moves to Tennessee to sample prescribed

365

VEHICLE DETAILS AND BATTERY SPECIFICATIONS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RR0DF106791 RR0DF106791 Hybrid Propulsion System: Mild Parallel Belt-Alternator Starter (BAS) Number of Electric Machines: 1 Motor: 15 kW (peak), AC induction Battery Specifications Manufacturer: Hitachi Type: Cylindrical Lithium-ion Number of Cells: 32 Nominal Cell Voltage: 3.6 V Nominal System Voltage: 115.2 V Rated Pack Capacity: 4.4 Ah Maximum Cell Charge Voltage 2 : 4.10 V Minimum Cell Discharge Voltage 2 : 3.00 V Thermal Management: Active - Forced air Pack Weight: 65 lb BEGINNING-OF-TEST: BATTERY LABORATORY TEST RESULTS SUMMARY Vehicle Mileage and Testing Date Vehicle Odometer: 5,715 mi Date of Test: January 8, 2013 Static Capacity Test Measured Average Capacity: 3.98 Ah Measured Average Energy Capacity: 460 Wh HPPC Test Pulse Discharge Power @ 50% DOD

366

VEHICLE DETAILS AND BATTERY SPECIFICATIONS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RRXDF106605 RRXDF106605 Hybrid Propulsion System: Mild Parallel Belt-Alternator Starter (BAS) Number of Electric Machines: 1 Motor: 15 kW (peak), AC induction Battery Specifications Manufacturer: Hitachi Type: Cylindrical Lithium-ion Number of Cells: 32 Nominal Cell Voltage: 3.6 V Nominal System Voltage: 115.2 V Rated Pack Capacity: 4.4 Ah Maximum Cell Charge Voltage 2 : 4.10 V Minimum Cell Discharge Voltage 2 : 3.00 V Thermal Management: Active - Forced air Pack Weight: 65 lb BEGINNING-OF-TEST: BATTERY LABORATORY TEST RESULTS SUMMARY Vehicle Mileage and Testing Date Vehicle Odometer: 4,244 mi Date of Test: January 9, 2013 Static Capacity Test Measured Average Capacity: 3.88 Ah Measured Average Energy Capacity: 450 Wh HPPC Test Pulse Discharge Power @ 50% DOD

367

Specific test and evaluation plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Specific Test and Evaluation Plan (STEP) is to provide a detailed written plan for the systematic testing of modifications made to the 241-AX-B Valve Pit by the W-314 Project. The STEP develops the outline for test procedures that verify the system`s performance to the established Project design criteria. The STEP is a lower tier document based on the W-314 Test and Evaluation Plan (TEP). Testing includes Validations and Verifications (e.g., Commercial Grade Item Dedication activities), Factory Acceptance Tests (FATs), installation tests and inspections, Construction Acceptance Tests (CATs), Acceptance Test Procedures (ATPs), Pre-Operational Test Procedures (POTPs), and Operational Test Procedures (OTPs). It should be noted that POTPs are not required for testing of the transfer line addition. The STEP will be utilized in conjunction with the TEP for verification and validation.

Hays, W.H.

1998-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

368

Renewable Energy Ready Home Solar Photovoltaic Specifications  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Solar Photovoltaic Specification, Checklist and Guide, from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

369

UV-C??Irradiated Arabidopsis and Tobacco Emit Volatiles That Trigger Genomic Instability in Neighboring Plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114 d Department of Medical Sciences...and Ballare, C.L. (2006). Solar ultraviolet-B radiation alters the...pathways mediate specific effects of solar ultraviolet B radiation on leaf phenolics...

Youli Yao; Cristian H. Danna; Franz J. Zemp; Viktor Titov; Ozan Nazim Ciftci; Roman Przybylski; Frederick M. Ausubel; Igor Kovalchuk

2011-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

370

Effect of fermentation conditions on yeast growth and volatile composition of wine produced from mango (Mangifera indica L.) fruit juice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study mango juice fermentation at laboratory scale with controlled inoculation using selected yeast strain was performed (Saccharomyces cerevisiae 101). Effect of fermentation conditions (temperature, pH, SO2 and aeration) on wine fermentation was evaluated based on yeast growth, duration, fermentation rate and volatile composition. The composition of the major volatile compounds with low boiling points was determined by gas chromatography under the different operating conditions of fermentation temperature (1535C), pH (3.56.0), SO2 (100300ppm) and aeration (initial dissolved O2 and shaking at 30rpm). Temperature had important effect on yeast growth and on the levels of volatile compounds. It was observed that the final concentrations of ethyl acetate and some of the higher alcohols decreased when fermentation temperature increased to 25C (35mg/l at 15C and 27mg/l at 25C). SO2 stimulated the yeast growth up to certain level and in excess it inhibited the yeast metabolism. Ethanol concentration slightly increased with the addition of 100ppm SO2 (8.2g/l) and decreased with increase in concentration of SO2 (6.2g/l in 300ppm SO2). Aeration by shaking increased the viable cell count (from 52נ106 in the absence of oxygen to 98נ106 in shaking at 30rpm) but decreased the ethanol productivity (from 7.2 in initial dissolved O2 to 6.5g/l shaking at 30rpm). With the results obtained it was concluded that the temperature (25C), pH (5), SO2 (100ppm) and must with initial oxygen were optimum for better quality of wine from mango fruits. The results of the present study considering the traditionally recognized preference for low alcoholic fermentation temperatures in wine making.

L.V.A. Reddy; O.V.S. Reddy

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Common Pitfalls of Using QVT Relations - Graphical Debugging as Remedy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

OMG's Model-Driven Architecture (MDA) has emerged as a new approach for the development of software. For this, the Query/View/Transformation (QVT) standard plays a central role, since it allows for the specification of model transformations. Nevertheless, ... Keywords: model transformations, colored petri nets, debugging

Angelika Kusel; Wieland Schwinger; Manuel Wimmer; Werner Retschitzegger

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Behavioral/Cognitive Representational Similarity Analysis Reveals Commonalities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

), in addition to object- and word-specific semantic processing in ventral temporal cortex and more anterior MTG in the Semantic Processing of Words and Objects Barry J. Devereux, Alex Clarke, Andreas Marouchos, and Lorraine K investigating the neural processing of concepts, presented separately as written words and pictures. Activation

Talbot, James P.

373

Volatile Composition of Sunflower Oil-in-Water Emulsions during Initial Lipid Oxidation:? Influence of pH  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For static headspace gas chromatography (SHGC), 2 mL of emulsion was transferred into a 10 mL vial and incubated at 60 C for 10 min in the headspace unit of a Carlo Erba MEGA 5300 GC (Interscience bv, Breda, The Netherlands). ... The volatilities of the compounds in both emulsions were determined by SHGC, with and without addition of artificial saliva (Table 2), and their release was studied in the mouth model system combined with GC/SP (Table 3). ... In SHGC the peak areas of the compounds of the pH 6 emulsion were lower than those of the pH 3 emulsion. ...

Saskia M. van Ruth; Jacques P. Roozen; Maarten A. Posthumus; Frans Jos H. M. Jansen

1999-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

374

How do OPEC news and structural breaks impact returns and volatility in crude oil markets? Further evidence from a long memory process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Since its formation, OPEC through its conference decisions has been a major player in the world oil markets. The purpose of this paper is to examine the impacts of OPEC's different news announcements on the conditional expectations and volatility of crude oil markets in the presence of long memory and structural changes. To do so, we first discern OPEC's oil production behavior in response to its cut, maintain, and increase decisions. Then by applying the ARMAGARCH class models to the two global benchmarks WTI and Brent over the period May 1987 through December 2012, we find strong evidence of long memory. The empirical evidence also shows that OPEC's announcements especially the cut and the maintain decisions have a significant effect on both returns and volatility of the crude oil markets, particularly that of the WTI. Moreover, we explore the possibility of structural breaks in the crude oil prices and detect five (six) breakpoints for the WTI (Brent) oil markets. The presence of structural breaks reduces the persistence of volatility. Accounting for OPEC's scheduled news announcements in the presence of structural changes reduces the degree of volatility persistence and enhances the understanding of this volatility in the oil markets. These results have several implications for policy makers, oil traders and other participants in the crude oil markets.

Walid Mensi; Shawkat Hammoudeh; Seong-Min Yoon

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Field Derived Emission Factors For Formaldehyde and other Volatile Organic Compounds in FEMA Temporary Housing Units  

SciTech Connect

Sixteen previously occupied temporary housing units (THUs) were studied to assess emissions of volatile organic compounds. The whole trailer emission factors wereevaluated for 36 VOCs including formaldehyde. Indoor sampling was carried out in the THUs located in Purvis staging yard in Mississippi, USA. Indoor temperature andrelative humidity (RH) were also measured in all the trailers during sampling. Indoor temperatures were varied (increased or decreased) in a selection of THUs using theheating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems. Indoor temperatures during sampling ranged from 14o C to 33o C, and relative humidity (RH) varied between 35percentand 74percent. Ventilation rates were increased in some trailers using bathroom fans and vents during some of the sampling events. Ventilation rates measured during some aselection of sampling events varied from 0.14 to 4.3 h-1. Steady state indoor formaldehyde concentrations ranged from 10 mu g-m-3 to 1000 mu g-m-3. The formaldehyde concentrations in the trailers were of toxicological significance. The effects of temperature, humidity and ventilation rates were also studied. A linearregression model was built using log of percentage relative humidity, inverse of temperature (in K-1), and inverse log ACH as continuous independent variables, trailermanufacturer as a categorical independent variable, and log of the chemical emission factors as the dependent variable. The coefficients of inverse temperature, log relativehumidity, log inverse ACH with log emission factor were found to be statistically significant for all the samples at the 95percent confidence level. The regression model wasfound to explain about 84percent of the variation in the dependent variable. Most VOC concentrations measured indoors in the Purvis THUs were mostly found to be belowvalues reported in earlier studies by Maddalena et al.,1,2 Hodgson et al.,3 and Hippelein4. Emissions of TMPB-DIB (a plasticizer found in vinyl products) were found to be higher than values reported in comparable housing by Hodgson et al.,3. Emissions of phenol were also found to be slightly higher than values reported in earlier studies1,2,3. This study can assist in retrospective formaldehyde exposure assessments of THUs where estimates of the occupants indoor formaldehyde exposures are needed.

Parthasarathy, Srinandini; Maddalena, Randy L.; Russell, Marion L.; Apte, Michael G.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

The Common Sheep-Scab Mite and its Control.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

., Soil Surveyor S. H. Yarnell, Sc. D., Chief R. M. Marshall, B. S., Soil Surveyor Range Animal Husbandry: Botany : J. M. Jones. A. M.. Chief V. L. Cory. M. S., Acting Chief B. L. Warwick, Ph. D., Breeding Investisa. Swine Husbandry: S. P. Davis. Wool... first demon- ed that mites were the cause of three kinds of sheep scabies. e common sheep-scab mite attacks practically the entire surface of the UIAl,,,al, causing large areas of wool to be shed, pulled, or rubber off, some- times until the animal...

Babcock, O. G. (Orville Gorman); Black, William L. (William Lawrence)

1933-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

A Common Sense Approach to Energy Issues in Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that the best place to start is to develop a power-use inventory. POWER-USE INVENTORY This is fairly easy on the electric side of power, since equipment nameplate data or tong ammeter checks provide relevant data for compilation. With gas or oil... to equally important, but more urgent production and people problems. A common sense approach to plant energy issues is illustrated by a case study of an industrial foundry, and includes the following: ? Power-use inventory ? Rate issues ? Process...

Richards, F. J.

378

Alternative Fuels Data Center: ASTM Biodiesel Specifications  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

ASTM Biodiesel ASTM Biodiesel Specifications to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: ASTM Biodiesel Specifications on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: ASTM Biodiesel Specifications on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: ASTM Biodiesel Specifications on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: ASTM Biodiesel Specifications on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: ASTM Biodiesel Specifications on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: ASTM Biodiesel Specifications on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Blends Production & Distribution Specifications Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives ASTM Biodiesel Specifications These tables show selected ASTM requirements for B100 and B6 to B20. Note

379

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fuel Specifications  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Hydrogen Fuel Hydrogen Fuel Specifications to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fuel Specifications on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fuel Specifications on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fuel Specifications on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fuel Specifications on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fuel Specifications on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fuel Specifications on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Hydrogen Fuel Specifications The California Department of Food and Agriculture, Division of Measurement Standards (DMS) established interim specifications for hydrogen fuels for

380

Structural Basis for Metal Binding Specificity: the N-terminal Cadmium Binding Domain of the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In bacteria, P1-type ATPases are responsible for resistance to di- and monovalent toxic heavy metals by taking years and no common mechanism for resistance toward toxic heavy metals such as Cd(II), Zn(II), HgStructural Basis for Metal Binding Specificity: the N-terminal Cadmium Binding Domain of the P1

Scott, Robert A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility specifications commonly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

The Uniform Methods Project: Methods For Determining Energy Efficiency Savings For Specific Measures  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

This document provides a set of model protocols for determining energy and demand savings that result from specific energy efficiency measures implemented through state and utility efficiency programs. The methods described here are approaches that are?or are among?the most commonly used in the energy efficiency industry for certain measures or programs.

382

The Specification of the Casimir Architecture1 Project R1-[ImageSpace  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

architecture, we use entities in environmental and geographic space that can be conveyed through 2-dimensionalThe Specification of the Casimir Architecture1 Project R1-[ImageSpace] Sven Bertel, Thomas and mental diagrammatic representations. The diagrammatic processing architecture Casimir2 serves as a common

Bremen, Universität

383

E-Print Network 3.0 - adding common genetic Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

commonly used resources harbor only a fraction of the genetic diversity... the mouse genome resequencing project did not include every parental strain used in common genetic...

384

An observational test of common-envelope evolution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By analysing and modelling the change in the abundance ratio of $^{12}$C/$^{13}$C and $^{16}$O/$^{17}$O on the surface of the lower mass star of a binary during the common-envelope (CE) phase of evolution, we propose a simple observational test of the CE scenario. The test is based on the infrared measurement of either the $^{12}$C/$^{13}$C or $^{16}$O/$^{17}$O ratio of red dwarfs in post-common envelope binaries (PCEB's). In certain cases (main-sequence red dwarf secondaries in PCEB's without planetary nebulae), as well as determining whether or not accretion has occurred during the CE phase, we can determine the amount of mass accreted during the CE phase and hence the initial mass of the red dwarf component prior to the CE phase. In the other cases considered (low-mass red dwarfs in PCEB's and red dwarf's in PCEB's with planetary nebulae) we can only say whether or not accretion has occurred during the CE phase.

M. J. Sarna; V. S. Dhillon; T. R. Marsh; P. B. Marks

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Recognizing and Managing Common Health Problems of Beef Cattle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

breathing, weak, feverish, scouring and dying.? Because several infectious causes are possible, professional assistance is required to make a specific diagnosis. Fresh feces from live calves must be submitted for laboratory testing, and one of the dead... (septicemia). Scours (enteritis-colitis septicemia) Nursing calves are at high risk to fatal diseases such as scours from the day they are born and continuing during the time of the year when one is calving cows and heifers, moving and mixing these cows...

Faries Jr., Floron C.

2005-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

386

A hybrid magnetic/complementary metal oxide semiconductor three-context memory bit cell for non-volatile circuit design  

SciTech Connect

After decades of continued scaling to the beat of Moore's law, it now appears that conventional silicon based devices are approaching their physical limits. In today's deep-submicron nodes, a number of short-channel and quantum effects are emerging that affect the manufacturing process, as well as, the functionality of the microelectronic systems-on-chip. Spintronics devices that exploit both the intrinsic spin of the electron and its associated magnetic moment, in addition to its fundamental electronic charge, are promising solutions to circumvent these scaling threats. Being compatible with the CMOS technology, such devices offer a promising synergy of radiation immunity, infinite endurance, non-volatility, increased density, etc. In this paper, we present a hybrid (magnetic/CMOS) cell that is able to store and process data both electrically and magnetically. The cell is based on perpendicular spin-transfer torque magnetic tunnel junctions (STT-MTJs) and is suitable for use in magnetic random access memories and reprogrammable computing (non-volatile registers, processor cache memories, magnetic field-programmable gate arrays, etc). To demonstrate the potential our hybrid cell, we physically implemented a small hybrid memory block using 45?nm 45?nm round MTJs for the magnetic part and 28?nm fully depleted silicon on insulator (FD-SOI) technology for the CMOS part. We also report the cells measured performances in terms of area, robustness, read/write speed and energy consumption.

Jovanovi?, B., E-mail: bojan.jovanovic@lirmm.fr, E-mail: lionel.torres@lirmm.fr; Brum, R. M.; Torres, L. [LIRMMUniversity of Montpellier 2/UMR CNRS 5506, 161 Rue Ada, 34095 Montpellier (France)

2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

387

The use of auxiliary ignition devices to improve combustion of low centane-high volatility fuels in a diesel engine  

SciTech Connect

The use of auxiliary ignition devices to improve the combustion of low cetane-high volatility fuels in a Diesel engine is described. Previous combustion with a low cetane-high volatility fuel (with a spark plug located at the periphery of the cylinder) resulted in engine knock at heavy loads and poor engine operation at light loads. In the present investigation, several new ignition devices were used to ignite the fuel in the center of the cylinder, to allow combustion to be controlled by rate of injection. The devices used were an extended spark electrode, a fuel spray deflector, a nozzle glow ring, and a nozzle fuel cage. High speed photography and heat release were used to characterize the ignition and combustion process of the low cetane fuel in conjunction with the ignition devices. Combustion with all of the ignition devices was initiated in the center of the cylinder, significantly reducing engine knock. The use of the auxiliary ignition devices to ignite the fuel in the center of the chamber demonstrated extended operation of the Diesel engine for all of the devices tested.

Stroia, B.L.; Abata. D.L.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Oak Ridge Site Specific Advisory Board Meetings  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Lists links to the Oak Ridge Site Specific Advisory Board Meetings. The links provide meeting documents available for download.

389

Oak Ridge Site Specific Advisory Board Contacts  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Lists Oak Ridge Site Specific Advisory Board contact information including mailing address, phone numbers, and contact email addresses.

390

FTCP Site Specific Information- Carlsbad Field Office  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Site Specific Information includes Annual Workforce Analysis & Staffing Plan Reports, and Technical Qualification Program (TQP) Self-Assessment.

391

Equilibrium Isotherms of Volatile Alkanes, Alkenes, and Ketones on Activated Carbon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Given the following values we obtain The measurement errors for the volumetric apparatus are (using a mercury filling and weighing method) Therefore the expected error in nads is The error may become larger than 1.6 % if the uncertainties for T and P are found to be more than the manufacturers specifications for the instruments. ...

Ming-Hong Lai; Richard Quio Chu; Hsiu-Chu Huang; Shih-Hong Shu; Tsair-Wang Chung

2009-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

392

UV-C??Irradiated Arabidopsis and Tobacco Emit Volatiles That Trigger Genomic Instability in Neighboring Plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...M., and Ballare, C.L. (2006). Solar ultraviolet-B radiation alters the attractiveness...independent pathways mediate specific effects of solar ultraviolet B radiation on leaf phenolics...Lethbridge, Lethbridge, Alberta T1K 3M4, Canada. | Journal Article Research Support...

Youli Yao; Cristian H. Danna; Franz J. Zemp; Viktor Titov; Ozan Nazim Ciftci; Roman Przybylski; Frederick M. Ausubel; Igor Kovalchuk

2011-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

393

UNIT SPECIFIC PLAN FORM INVESTIGATOR INFORMATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

performed in your work area. This information is requested to help EHS review your Unit Specific Plan Form or stored in your work areas, a" Standard Operating Procedure" (SOP), Appendix A of the Unit Specific Plan1 UNIT SPECIFIC PLAN FORM INVESTIGATOR INFORMATION Principal Investigator: E-Mail: Department

Maroncelli, Mark

394

Oxygen Atoms Display Novel Behavior on Common Catalyst  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

11, 2008 11, 2008 Oxygen Atoms Display Novel Behavior on Common Catalyst Like waltzing dancers, the two atoms of an oxygen molecule usually behave identically when they separate on the surface of a catalyst. However, new research from the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory reveals that on a particular catalyst, the oxygen atoms act like a couple dancing the tango: one oxygen atom plants itself while the other shimmies away, probably with energy partially stolen from the stationary one. Scientists from EMSL and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory discovered this unanticipated behavior while studying how oxygen interacts with reduced titanium oxide, a popular catalyst and a model oxide. Their research began with a slice of titanium oxide crystal, oriented so that titanium and oxygen

395

Organic combustion fingerprints of three common home heating fuels  

SciTech Connect

The paper discusses the chemical structures of three common home heating fuels: wood, coal, and No. 2 fuel oil. GC and GC/MS data are then presented which demonstrate how the thermal destruction of each fuel results in the production of a characteristic group of organic 'fingerprint' compounds. For wood, where the chief structural element is lignin polymer, they are methoxy benzenes, methoxy phenols, and alkyl bezenes. For coal, where the polymer contains more fused-ring structures, the chief products are fused-ring aromatics with structures of three or more rings, benzothiophenes, and to a lesser extent methyl-substituted phenols. For oil, the chief byproducts are unburned droplets of the oil. The paper concludes with a brief discussion of how these fingerprints can be used as apportionment guides in complex airsheds.

Steiber, R.S.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Entanglement dynamics of qubits in a common environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use the quantum jump approach to study the entanglement dynamics of a quantum register, which is composed of two or three dipole-dipole coupled two-level atoms, interacting with a common environment. Our investigation of entanglement dynamics reflects that the environment has dual actions on the entanglement of the qubits in the model. While the environment destroys the entanglement induced by the coherent dipole-dipole interactions, it can produce stable entanglement between the qubits prepared initially in a separable state. The analysis shows that it is the entangled decoherence-free states contained as components in the initial state that contribute to the stable entanglement. Our study indicates how the environmental noise produces the entanglement and exposes the interplay of environmental noise and coherent interactions of qubits on the entanglement.

Jun-Hong An; Shun-Jin Wang; Hong-Gang Luo

2006-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

397

A pair of oscillators interacting with a common heat bath  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Here the problem considered is that of a pair of oscillators coupled to a common heat bath. Many, if not most, discussions of a single operator coupled to a bath have used the independent oscillator model of the bath. However, that model has no notion of separation, so the question of phenomena when the oscillators are near one another compared with when they are widely separated cannot be addressed. Here the Lamb model of an oscillator attached to a stretched string is generalized to illustrate some of these questions. The coupled Langevin equations for a pair of oscillators attached to the string at different points are derived and their limits for large and small separations obtained. Finally, as an illustration of a different phenomenon, the fluctuation force between a pair of masses attached to the string is calculated, with closed form expressions for the force at small and large separations.

G. W. Ford; R. F. O'Connell

2014-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

398

Preliminary level 2 specification for the nested, fixed-depth sampling system  

SciTech Connect

This revision 1 Level 2 Specification establishes the performance, design, development, and test requirements for a sampling system and for an at-tank analysis system that will support the BNFL, Inc. privatization contract in the final disposal of Hanford's high level waste (HLW) and low activity waste (LAW). The sampling system will quickly provide large volume, representative waste samples for validating the chemical, radiological, and physical properties of the tank waste without the exposure and time concerns of the baseline grab sampling method. The on-line sensors of the at-tank analysis system will provide data from which the mixing or settling status of the waste can be assessed. This revision 1 document includes functions, requirement, and specifications for the at-tank analysis system, the results of the preliminary outline design, and the FY 1998 validation testing. The sample container filling system will comply with RCRA criteria for samples with volatile organic constituents, include empty container and swipe input ports, use Hanford's Steel Pig radioactive sample package, comply with Hanford's flammable gas criteria, and have the means to recover from broken sample containers.

BOGER, R.M.

1999-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

399

Procuring and Implementing Solar Projects on Public Buildings: How to Avoid Common Pitfalls  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Procuring and Implementing Solar Projects on Public Buildings: How to Avoid Common Pitfalls Webinar.

400

Ergonomic Chair Specifications These specifications are intended to address most employees. Employees that have  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ergonomic Chair Specifications These specifications are intended to address most employees should consult Environmental Health & Safety if they require a special ergonomic chair. a. Any chair must

de Lijser, Peter

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility specifications commonly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Common themes, methods, and applications in multiscale science  

SciTech Connect

In 1993, under the leadership of Richard Slansky, the T-Division Director, an initiative was started to facilitate cross communications and interactions between a large number of different workers who were, from their own perspectives and with regard to their own challenges, in fact working on very difficult problems which involved multiple size and time scales. The realization of this common element had the potential for valuable mutual interaction. His initiative led initially to a competency development initiative and subsequently to a broadening recognition of the importance of multiscale science and a broadening application of it to problems and concerns inherent in significant fields of endeavor at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. One of the aspects of this effort was a series of meetings which emphasizes cross communication between the workers. It was realized early on that this cross communication would be fare more effective, considering the difficult technical nature and that the range of the material was well outside the area of specialization of individual members of the group, if notes were taken, written up, and disseminated. This report represents the collection of these notes.

Baker, G.A. Jr.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Independent Specific Administrative Controls Review, Richland Operations  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Independent Specific Administrative Controls Review, Richland Independent Specific Administrative Controls Review, Richland Operations Office - December 2010 Independent Specific Administrative Controls Review, Richland Operations Office - December 2010 December 2010 Specific Administrative Controls Review with the Office of Environmental Management at DOE-Richland Operations Office The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Independent Oversight, within the Office of Health, Safety and Security, participated in the Office of Environmental Management Office of Standards and Quality Assurance, EM-23, review of Specific Administrative Controls (SAC) at the Hanford Site. The EM-23 review included selected programs at the Hanford Site that are under the auspices of the DOE Richland Operations Office. Independent Specific Administrative Controls Review, Richland Operations

403

Methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) is a volatile organic com-pound (VOC) derived from natural gas that is added to gas-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) is a volatile organic com- pound (VOC) derived from natural gas Water in Urban and Agricultural Areas made from methanol, which is derived primarily from natural gas that is added to gas- oline either seasonally or year round in many parts of the United States to increase

404

The price fluctuations of the stock market display fascinating properties. The volatility is around one order of magnitude too large than what is predicted  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract The price fluctuations of the stock market display fascinating properties. The volatility decisions. We also study the price formation and the microstructure of financial markets, at the level of the order book which organizes transactions. We explain why the price is diffusive despite the fact

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

405

Occurrence and Potential Human-Health Relevance of Volatile Organic Compounds in Drinking Water from Domestic Wells in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Occurrence and Potential Human-Health Relevance of Volatile Organic Compounds in Drinking Water from Domestic Wells in the United States *Barbara L. Rowe1 , Patricia L. Toccalino2 , Michael J. Moran1 , John S. Zogorski1 , Curtis V. Price1 1 United States Geological Survey, Road, Rapid City, SD 57702 USA

406

Solid-Phase Microextraction in Combination with GCFID for Quantification of the Volatile Free Fatty Acids in Wastewater from Constructed Wetlands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......1,2), river water, or industrial and...phosphorus and nitrogen) removal processes...biotransformation of nitrogen in activated sludge...importance of VFAs in water treatment systems...spectrometry (14), gas chromatography...volatility, and solubility in water of VFAs......

Lin Feng; Yuming Huang; Hao Wang

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Communication accepte: Healthy Buildings/IAQ'97 Washington DC, septembre 1997Communication accepte: Healthy Buildings/IAQ'97 Washington DC, septembre 1997 DISCRIMINATION OF VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Communication acceptée: Healthy Buildings/IAQ'97 Washington DC, septembre 1997Communication acceptée: Healthy Buildings/IAQ'97 Washington DC, septembre 1997 DISCRIMINATION OF VOLATILE ORGANIC manuscript, published in "4th International Conference on Healthy Buildings'97, Washington : United States

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

408

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. X, NO. Y, MONTH 2012 1 Volatility of Power Grids under Real-Time Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for engineering modern power grids with the capacity to integrate renewable energy resources at large scale THE increasing demand for energy along with growing environmental concerns have led to a national agendaIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. X, NO. Y, MONTH 2012 1 Volatility of Power Grids under

Bhatia, Sangeeta

409

The pass through of oil prices into euro area consumer liquid fuel prices in an environment of high and volatile oil prices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Crude and refined oil prices have been relatively high and volatile on a sustained basis since 1999. This paper considers the pass through of oil prices into consumer liquid (i.e. petrol, diesel and heating) fuel prices in such an environment. The pass through of oil prices into consumer liquid fuel prices has already been addressed extensively in the literature. Nonetheless much of this literature has either focused on the United States or on a time period when oil prices were relatively stable, or has used monthly data. The main contribution of this paper is a comprehensive combination of many features that have been considered before but rarely jointly. These features include: (1) the analysis of the euro area as an aggregate and a large number of countries (the initial 12 member states); (2) the consideration of different time periods; (3) the modelling of the data in raw levels rather than in log levels. This turns out to have important implications for our findings; (4) the use of high frequency (weekly) data, which, as results will suggest, are the lowest frequency one should consider; (5) the investigation of the different stages of the production chain from crude oil prices to retail distribution refining costs and margins, distribution and retailing costs and margins; (6) the examination of prices including and excluding taxes excise and value-added; (7) the modelling of prices for three fuel types passenger car petrol and diesel separately and home heating fuel oil; (8) lastly we also address the issue of possible asymmetries, allowing for the pass through to vary according to (a) whether price are increasing or decreasing and (b) whether price levels are above or below their equilibrium level. The main findings are as follows: First, as distribution and retailing costs and margins have been broadly stable on average, the modelling of the relationship between consumer prices excluding taxes and upstream prices in raw levels rather than in logarithms has important implications for the stability of estimates of pass through when oil price levels rise significantly. Second, considering spot prices for refined prices improves significantly the fit of the estimated models relative to using crude oil prices. It also results in more economically meaningful results concerning the extent of pass through. Third, oil price pass through occurs quickly, with 90% occurring within three to five weeks. Fourth, using a relatively broad specification allowing for asymmetry in the pass through from upstream to downstream prices, there is little evidence of statistically significant asymmetries. Furthermore, even where asymmetry is found to be statistically significant, it is generally not economically significant. Lastly, these results generally hold across most euro area countries with few exceptions.

Aidan Meyler

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Direct green extraction of volatile aroma compounds using vegetable oils as solvents: Theoretical and experimental solubility study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The current study aimed at evaluation of the dissolving power of various vegetable oils in both theoretical and experimental way for the extraction of volatile aroma compounds (VACs) from basil. The solubility of six main \\{VACs\\} from basil in ten vegetable oils was firstly investigated through a theoretical modeling of their Hansen solubility parameters (HSP), followed by real experimental extractions using vegetable oils as solvents instead of petroleum-based solvents such as dichloromethane. Furthermore, multivariate statistical analyses were performed to partition vegetable oils into clusters referring to their dissolving power of VACs, which could be quantified by gas chromatographymass spectroscopy (GCMS) coupling to the headspace solid phase micro-extraction (HS-SPME). The results indicated that the solubility of \\{VACs\\} in enriched vegetable oils was significantly different (psolvents for further application in green extraction of natural products, in which sunflower oil gave the best performance.

Ying Li; Anne Sylvie Fabiano-Tixier; Christian Ginies; Farid Chemat

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Low Specific Activity (LSA) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Low Specific Activity (LSA) Low Specific Activity (LSA) Low Specific Activity (LSA) This scenario provides the planning instructions, guidance, and evaluation forms necessary to conduct an exercise involving a highway shipment of Low Specific Activity (LSA) material. This exercise manual is one in a series of five scenarios developed by the Department of Energy Transportation Emergency Preparedness Program. Responding agencies may include several or more of the following: local municipal and county fire, police, sheriff, and Emergency Medical Services (EMS) personnel; state, local, and federal emergency response teams; emergency response contractors; and other emergency response resources that could potentially be provided by the carrier and the originating facility (shipper).

412

Legacy Management Specific Training | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Legacy Management Specific Training Legacy Management Specific Training Legacy Management Specific Training Registration Information The following courses are specific to Legacy Management Employees, for more information about the courses below or to register for any of these courses please contact Chequita Johnson. Mandatory Training ECOMM, Environmental-Related External Communication (E-COMM) Tracking System GPP101, Management of Government Personal Property RM 102, Basic Records Management Training (DOE) Training at All LM Site Offices EC 100, Environmental Management System General Awareness (DOE) ER 200, Site Emergency Preparedness [All sites except Grand Junction] SC 105, Security Awareness Briefing Washington, DC HQ Mini Coop Briefing Fernald, OH FE110, Fernald Preserve Site Awareness Briefing

413

Oak Ridge Site Specific Advisory Board Committees  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Oak Ridges Site Specific Advisory Board uses its committee structure to achieve its mission and conduct many of its tasks.

414

Oak Ridge Site Specific Advisory Board  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

on Additional Off-site Groundwater Migration Studies At our May 14, 2014, meeting, the Oak Ridge Site Specific Advisory Board approved the enclosed recommendations on additional...

415

Oak Ridge Site Specific Advisory Board  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3: Recommendations on Additional Waste Disposal Capacity on the Oak Ridge Reservation At our May 14, 2014, meeting, the Oak Ridge Site Specific Advisory Board approved the enclosed...

416

Model Specification for LED Roadway Luminaires  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The DOE Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium's Model Specification for LED Roadway Luminaires enables cities, utilities, and other state and local agencies to assemble effective bid...

417

Model Specification for LED Roadway Luminaires Webcast  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This November 15, 2011 webcast presented information about the Model Specification for LED Roadway Luminaires developed by DOE's Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium. During the webcast...

418

CRAD, Specific Administrative Controls - December 14, 2007 |...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

2007 Specific Administrative Controls Implementation Inspection Criteria, Approach, and Lines of Inquiry (HSS CRAD 64-32) This Criteria Review and Approach Document (HSS CRAD...

419

Solid tumors of childhood display specific serum microRNA profiles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

into account other samples in the dataset and instead used a sample-specific normalization factor plotted on a linear scale (12); Serum microRNAs in childhood tumors 7 c) the modified global mean method of common microRNAs (12), i.e. those micro... and RNU49A, present on the Exiqon platform; i) the single small nuclear RNA (snRNA) RNU6, present on the platform. Both snoRNAs and snRNAs are commonly used for microRNA normalization purposes in tissue samples (12). Statistical analyses...

Murray, Matthew J.; Raby, Katie L.; Saini, Harpreet K.; Bailey, Shivani; Wool, Sophie V.; Tunnacliffe, Jane M.; Enright, Anton J.; Nicholson, James C.; Coleman, Nicholas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Primate-specific evolution of an LDLR enhancer  

SciTech Connect

Sequence changes in regulatory regions have often been invoked to explain phenotypic divergence among species, but molecular examples of this have been difficult to obtain. In this study we identified an anthropoid primate-specific sequence element that contributed to the regulatory evolution of the low-density lipoprotein receptor. Using a combination of close and distant species genomic sequence comparisons coupled with in vivo and in vitro studies, we found that a functional cholesterol-sensing sequence motif arose and was fixed within a pre-existing enhancer in the common ancestor of anthropoid primates. Our study demonstrates one molecular mechanism by which ancestral mammalian regulatory elements can evolve to perform new functions in the primate lineage leading to human.

Wang, Qian-Fei; Prabhakar, Shyam; Wang, Qianben; Moses, Alan M.; Chanan, Sumita; Brown, Myles; Eisen, Michael B.; Cheng, Jan-Fang; Rubin,Edward M.; Boffelli, Dario

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility specifications commonly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Study on the Volatility of Cesium in Dry Ashing Pretreatment and Dissolution of Ash by Microwave Digestion System - 13331  

SciTech Connect

Based on the regulation of the activity concentration of Cs-137, Co-58, Co-60, Fe-55, Ni-59, Ni-63, Sr-90, Nb-94, and Tc-99, and the total alpha from the radioactive waste acceptance criteria, the measurement of the activity concentration of these nuclides in low and intermediate levels of radioactive waste such as in paper, cotton, vinyl and plastic samples was investigated. A dry ashing method was applied to obtain a concentration effect of the samples. Owing to the temperature dependence of the volatility for cesium, the temperature of 300 to 650 deg. C was examined. It was found that 450 deg. C is the optimum dry ashing temperature. After dry ashing, the produced ash was dissolved with HNO{sub 3}, HCl, and HF by a high-performance microwave digestion system. The ash sample, for the most part, was completely dissolved with 10 mL of HNO{sub 3}, 4 mL of HCl, and 0.25 mL of HF by a high-performance microwave digestion system using a nova high temperature rotor at 250 deg. C for 90 min until reaching 0.2 g. To confirm the reliability of cesium loss after the performance of the dry ashing procedure, a cesium standard solution for AAS and a Cs-137 standard solution for gamma spectrometry were added to a paper towel or a planchet of stainless steel, respectively. Cesium was measured by AAS, ICP-MS, and gamma spectrometry. The volatility of cesium did not occur until 450 deg. C ashing. (authors)

Choi, Kwang-Soon; Lee, Chang Heon; Ahn, Hong-Joo; Park, Yong Joon; Song, Kyuseok [Nuclear Chemistry Research Division, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daedeok-daero 989-111, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, 305-353 (Korea, Republic of)] [Nuclear Chemistry Research Division, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daedeok-daero 989-111, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, 305-353 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Cold Temperature and Biodiesel Fuel Effects on Speciated Emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds from Diesel Trucks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Emissions testing was conducted on a chassis dynamometer at two ambient temperatures (?7 and 22 C) operating on two fuels (ultra low sulfur diesel and 20% soy biodiesel blend) over three driving cycles: cold start, warm start and heavy-duty urban dynamometer driving cycle. ... Different 2007+ aftertreatment technologies involving catalyst regeneration led to significant modifications of VOC emissions that were compound-specific and highly dependent on test conditions. ... However, emissions of other toxic partial combustion products such as carbonyls were not reduced in the modern diesel vehicles tested. ...

Ingrid J. George; Michael D. Hays; Richard Snow; James Faircloth; Barbara J. George; Thomas Long; Richard W. Baldauf

2014-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

423

Influence of coal thermoplastic properties on coking pressure generation: Part 2 A study of binary coal blends and specific additives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A number of coal blends and pitch/coal blends were evaluated using rheometry, thermogravimetric analysis and microscopy to confirm and further elucidate the coking pressure mechanism previously proposed by Duffy et al. (2007) [1]. We confirm that blending a low rank, high fluidity, low coking pressure coal, with a high rank, low fluidity, high coking pressure coal can significantly reduce the coking pressure associated with the latter. Interestingly, blending does not necessarily result in a fluidity that is midway between that of the two coals; sometimes the fluidity of the blend is less than that of the low fluidity coal, especially when the coals are significantly different in rank. This occurs because the increase in complex viscosity (?*) through resolidification of the low rank, high fluidity coal counteracts the reduction in ?* resulting from softening of the high rank, low fluidity coal. It has also been confirmed that the ?* of the resultant blend can be estimated from the ?* of each component coal using a logarithmic additivity rule commonly employed for polymer blends. Polarised light microscopy has indicated that the degree of mixing between coals of different rank is minimal, with fusion restricted to the particle surface. It is therefore inappropriate to think of such a coal blend in the same way as a single coal, since each component coal behaves relatively independently. This limited fusion is important for understanding the coking pressure mechanism for blends. It is proposed here that the lower rank coal, which softens at lower temperature, is able to expand into the interparticle voids between the high rank coal that is yet to soften, and these voids can create channels for volatiles to traverse. Then, and importantly, when the high rank coal begins to expand, the pore structure developed in the resolidified structures of the low rank coal can facilitate removal of volatiles, while the resolidified material may also act as a suitable sorbent for volatile matter. This is considered to be the primary mechanism by which coal blending is able to alleviate coking pressure, and applies to addition of inert material also. Addition of a coal tar pitch was found to increase fluidity but also to extend the thermoplastic range to lower temperatures. This caused an increase in the swelling range, which was accompanied by a long plateau in ?*, a feature which has previously been observed for certain high fluidity, high pressure coals. Elasticity and ?* at the onset of expansion were also higher for both the pitch impregnated coals and the high pressure blends, which supports previous findings for singly charged high pressure coals, and confirms the potential use of such criteria for identifying potentially dangerous coals/blends.

John J. Duffy; Merrick R. Mahoney; Karen M. Steel

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Synthesis for Regular Specifications over Unbounded Domains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Synthesis for Regular Specifications over Unbounded Domains Jad Hamza, Barbara Jobstmann, Viktor Kuncak ENS Cachan, France CNRS/Verimag, France, EPFL, Switzerland Abstract--Synthesis from specifications is a promising method of obtaining systems that are correct by construction. Previous work includes synthesis

Jobstmann, Barbara

425

Building Energy Data Exchange Specification Scoping Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Building Energy Data Exchange Specification Scoping Report. The Building Energy Data Exchange Specification (BEDES), developed by DOE, is a uniform format is intended to make it easier for external stakeholders to use DOE tools, streamline reporting for DOE programs, and help unlock the full utility of the data that the DOE collects.

426

Formal Specification of Operating System Operations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Formal Specification of Operating System Operations Dan Zhou Department of Computer Science.black@nist.gov This paper describes the development of a formal specification for a secure operating system architecture operations. We also provide a uniform environment for system commands that change the security state

Black, Paul E.

427

End Points Specification Methods | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

End Points Specification Methods End Points Specification Methods End Points Specification Methods Two methods to develop end point specifications are presented. These have evolved from use in the field for deactivation projects. The hierarchical method is systematic, comprehensive, and completely defensible as to the basis for each specification. This method may appear complex to the uninitiated, but it is a straightforward application of a systematic engineering approach. It is labor intensive only during the final stage. This method is appropriate to the type of project involving a complex facility that contains process systems and a variety of contaminated areas or other hazards. The checklist method is an approach that is more appropriate to facilities which require less detailed planning, such as for industrial

428

Analysis of a Clonal Lineage of HIV-1 Envelope V2/V3 Conformational Epitope-Specific Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies and Their Inferred Unmutated Common Ancestors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...sequence, to trigger and drive the development of naive...antibodies generated during natural HIV-1 infection: good news for an HIV-1 vaccine...Distance-scaled, finite ideal-gas reference state improves...be used to trigger and drive the development of memory...

Mattia Bonsignori; Kwan-Ki Hwang; Xi Chen; Chun-Yen Tsao; Lynn Morris; Elin Gray; Dawn J. Marshall; John A. Crump; Saidi H. Kapiga; Noel E. Sam; Faruk Sinangil; Marie Pancera; Yang Yongping; Baoshan Zhang; Jiang Zhu; Peter D. Kwong; Sijy O'Dell; John R. Mascola; Lan Wu; Gary J. Nabel; Sanjay Phogat; Michael S. Seaman; John F. Whitesides; M. Anthony Moody; Garnett Kelsoe; Xinzhen Yang; Joseph Sodroski; George M. Shaw; David C. Montefiori; Thomas B. Kepler; Georgia D. Tomaras; S. Munir Alam; Hua-Xin Liao; Barton F. Haynes

2011-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

429

Impacts of Ecotourism on Short-Beaked Common Dolphins (Delphinus delphis) in Mercury Bay, New Zealand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impacts of Ecotourism on Short-Beaked Common Dolphins (Delphinus delphis) in Mercury Bay, New on this species. Key Words: short-beaked common dolphins, Delphinus delphis, ecotourism, dolphin-watching, swim

430

Learning common sense knowledge from user interaction and principal component analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, I present a system for reasoning with common sense knowledge in multiple natural languages, as part of the Open Mind Common Sense project. The knowledge that Open Mind collects from volunteer contributors ...

Speer, Robert (Robert H.)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Fish Bulletin No. 28. Handbook of Common Commercial and Game Fishes of California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

65 pp. , 28 figs. No. 28. Handbook of Common Commercial andFISH BULLETIN No. 28 Handbook of Common Commercial and Gamehas at- tempted to provide a handbook for the convenience of

Walford, Lionel A

1930-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

A Directory of Dedicated Commemorative Groves, Trees and Display Plantings (sorted by common name)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) University of Idaho Arboretum Botanical Garden Paul Warnick Common Name Scientific Name Commemorating Ash North America Fraxinus pennsylvanica, americana etc. Idaho Public Utilities Executives' Course Aspen Groves, Trees and Display Plantings (sorted by common name) University of Idaho Arboretum Botanical

Waits, Lisette

433

Abstract Red is a common colour signal in both aposematic warning displays, and in fruit displays. One common feature is that red is conspicuous against the natural  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract Red is a common colour signal in both aposematic warning displays, and in fruit displays. One common feature is that red is conspicuous against the natural background of the prey and fruits. However, there is a potential conflict between fruits and aposematic prey in how a bird predator should

Tullberg, Birgitta

434

Procuring and Implementing Solar Projects on Public Buildings: How to Avoid Common Pitfalls (Text Version)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Transcript of the webinar, "Procuring and Implementing Solar Projects on Public Buildings: How to Avoid Common Pitfalls."

435

Noncommuting local common causes for correlations violating the Clauser-Horne inequality  

SciTech Connect

In the paper, the EPR-Bohm scenario will be reproduced in an algebraic quantum field theoretical setting with locally finite degrees of freedom. It will be shown that for a set of spatially separated correlating events (projections) maximally violating the Clauser-Horne inequality there can be given a common causal explanation if commutativity is abandoned between the common cause and the correlating events. Moreover, the noncommuting common cause will be local and supported in the common past of the correlating events.

Hofer-Szabo, Gabor [Research Center for the Humanities, Budapest (Hungary); Vecsernyes, Peter [Wigner Research Centre for Physics, Budapest (Hungary)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

436

A J-integral estimation method for C(T) specimens using the Common Format Equation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new $$\\cal J$$ ...estimation scheme based on the Common Format Equation (CFE) is laid out for Compact Tension ( ... ...

U. Mhlich; J. R. Donoso; J. D. Landes

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

OCOG: A common grasp computation algorithm for a set of planar objects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper addresses the problem of defining a simple End-Effector design for a robotic arm that is able to grasp a given set of planar objects. The OCOG (Objects COmmon Grasp search) algorithm proposed in this paper searches for a common grasp over ... Keywords: Algorithm, Common, End-Effector, Grasp, Search

Avishai Sintov; Roland J. Menassa; Amir Shapiro

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Green treefrogs are most commonly found in bushes and grasses near water (for instance the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Green treefrogs are most commonly found in bushes and grasses near water (for instance the NATL and are a common feature of any humid or rainy evening. Green treefrogs are most commonly found in bushes.5 inches Identification: Coloration may vary greatly, from dark brown to bright, vibrant green, with a long

Slatton, Clint

439

Automatically Identifying Special and Common Unit Tests for Object-Oriented Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Automatically Identifying Special and Common Unit Tests for Object-Oriented Programs Tao Xie@cs.washington.edu Abstract Developers often create common tests and special tests, which exercise common behaviors and special behaviors of the class under test, respectively. Although manually created tests are valuable

Xie, Tao

440

Accepted in European Journal of Operations Research 1 Statistical Dependence through Common Risk Factors: With Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accepted in European Journal of Operations Research 1 Statistical Dependence through Common Risk) STATISTICAL DEPENDENCE THROUGH COMMON RISK FACTORS Accepted in European Journal of Operations Research 2 between random variables with a bounded support is present due to common risk factors, such as e

van Dorp, Johan René

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility specifications commonly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Sorption and diffusion of helium in garnet: implications for volatile tracing and dating  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present data on He sorption in garnet obtained by loading garnet samples with He at 25010 bar in the temperature range 800990C. For this temperature range we find a three-fold decrease in He sorption from 2.1 10?5 (800C) to 0.72 10?5 cm3 STPg?1 bar?1 (990C). We use the sorption data of partially saturated samples to obtain the activation energy (Ea = 660120190 kJ/mol) and frequency factor (D0 = 1015.6(+8,?5.2) cm2/s) for He diffusion in garnet. The results of our study suggest that garnet is probably one of the most retentive silicate minerals for He, which is in agreement with its very low ion porosity. The high retentivity results in a high closure temperature (Tc) for the (U + Th)He system. For cooling rates as low as 0.11C/Ma, Tc lies between 590 and 630C. Accordingly, (U + Th)He dating of garnet may provide information about the medium to high temperature cooling path of a rock at the lower end of the temperature range of currently used isotopic systems in garnet. In addition, the high retentivity for He makes garnet a potentially useful mineral in the field of exposure age dating. Currently, it is the only-known common silicate mineral occurring in upper crustal rocks which probably retains cosmogenic noble gases under all climatic conditions. For geochemical studies using noble gases as tracers for geofluids, garnet is a perfect container if temperatures never exceed 600C; that is, all originally trapped noble gases are quantitatively retained.

T.J. Dunai; K. Roselieb

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

ATLAS Binary Readout IC (ABC) Specification V5.01 21Jul1999 Project Specification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ATLAS Binary Readout IC (ABC) Specification V5.01 21­Jul­1999 Project Specification Project Name: ATLAS ATLAS Binary Readout IC (ABC) Specification V5.01 21­Jul­1999 Table of Contents 1. SCOPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 1.1. ATLAS BINARY FRONT END READOUT ARCHITECTURE

California at Santa Cruz, University of

443

ATLAS Binary Readout IC (ABC) Specification V5.01 21-Jul-1999 Project Specification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Page 1 ATLAS Binary Readout IC (ABC) Specification V5.01 21-Jul-1999 Project Specification Project Name: ATLAS Binary Chip (ABC) Version: 5.01 Revision History Revision Change Description, Pages Revised and formatting. M. French 21-Jul-99 #12;Page 2 ATLAS Binary Readout IC (ABC) Specification V5.01 21-Jul-1999

California at Santa Cruz, University of

444

BRASIL Language Specification March 9, 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BRASIL Language Specification March 9, 2010 #12;Contents 1 Introduction 3 2 Getting Started: Simulations in BRASIL 4 2.1 The State-Effect Design Pattern . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.2 Supporting the State-Effect Pattern in BRASIL

445

Antibody Chromatography on an Immunologically Specific Adsorbent  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... in the separation of closely related proteins as of low molecular weight substances, chromatography on adsorbents which bind only to the specific reactive sites of biologically active proteins may help to ...

L. S. LERMAN

1953-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

446

Oak Ridge Site Specific Advisory Board  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oak Ridge Site Specific Advisory Board Wednesday, March 12, 2014, 6:00 p.m. DOE Information Center 1 Science.gov Way, Oak Ridge, Tenn. AGENDA I. Welcome and Announcements (D....

447

British Standard Specification for Cable Insulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... different types of cables and cords ; and the third, with tests for thickness of insulation and sheath, voltage, ... and sheath, voltage, insulation resistance, spark testing, tinning and armouring. The numerous tables with which the specification ...

1947-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

448

Geothermal energy, site specificity, and resource reserves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The site specific nature of geothermal energy places a great emphasis on land use ... use planning. A survey of the operating geothermal generating stations around the world reveals many ... agricultural use of t...

M. J. Pasqualetti

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Bonneville Power Administration Program Specific Recovery Plan...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Power Administration Program Specific Recovery Plan Microsoft Word - PSRP May 15 2009 BPA Final.docx More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - PSRP Updates 6-25-10v2...

450

UPC Language Specifications V1.2  

SciTech Connect

UPC is an explicitly parallel extension to the ISO C 99Standard. UPC follows the partitioned global address space programming model. This document is the formal specification for the UPC language syntax and semantics.

UPC Consortium

2005-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

451

Double Shell Tank (DST) Utilities Specification  

SciTech Connect

This specification establishes the performance requirements and provides the references to the requisite codes and standards to he applied during the design of the Double-Shell Tank (DST) Utilities Subsystems that support the first phase of waste feed delivery (WFD). The DST Utilities Subsystems provide electrical power, raw/potable water, and service/instrument air to the equipment and structures used to transfer low-activity waste (LAW) and high-level waste (HLW) to designated DST staging tanks. The DST Utilities Subsystems also support the equipment and structures used to deliver blended LAW and HLW feed from these staging tanks to the River Protection Project (RPP) Privatization Contractor facility where the waste will be immobilized. This specification is intended to be the basis for new projects/installations. This specification is not intended to retroactively affect previously established project design criteria without specific direction by the program.

SUSIENE, W.T.

2000-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

452

Stepwise Development from Ideal Specifications Graeme Smith  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stepwise Development from Ideal Specifications Graeme Smith Software Verification Research Centre University of Queensland, Australia smith@svrc.uq.edu.au Abstract The stepwise development of a program using

Smith, Graeme

453

Technical requirements specification for tank waste retrieval  

SciTech Connect

This document provides the technical requirements specification for the retrieval of waste from the underground storage tanks at the Hanford Site. All activities covered by this scope are conducted in support of the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) mission.

Lamberd, D.L.

1996-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

454

Better Buildings Alliance Equipment Performance Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BBA Equipment Performance BBA Equipment Performance Specifications William Goetzler Navigant Consulting william.goetzler@navigant.com (781) 270 8351 April 4, 2013 Better Buildings Alliance BTO Program Review 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Project Overview The BBA Performance Specifications project provides information and tools to help BBA members and other commercial building owners/operators specify and purchase high efficiency equipment. - Ensures targeted technologies are of interest to end users and manufacturers

455

Better Buildings Alliance Equipment Performance Specifications  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BBA Equipment Performance BBA Equipment Performance Specifications William Goetzler Navigant Consulting william.goetzler@navigant.com (781) 270 8351 April 4, 2013 Better Buildings Alliance BTO Program Review 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Project Overview The BBA Performance Specifications project provides information and tools to help BBA members and other commercial building owners/operators specify and purchase high efficiency equipment. - Ensures targeted technologies are of interest to end users and manufacturers

456

Specific Heat of Disordered 3He  

SciTech Connect

Porous aerogel is a source of elastic scattering in superfluid 3He and modifies the properties of the superfluid, suppressing the transition temperature and order parameter. The specific heat jumps for the B-phase of superfluid 3He in aerogel have been measured as a function of pressure and interpreted using the homogeneous and inhomogeneous isotropic scattering models. The specific heat jumps for others p-wave states are estimated for comparison.

Choi, H.; Davis, J. P.; Pollanen, J.; Halperin, W. P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208 (United States); Mulders, N. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 (United States)

2006-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

457

Solar Water Heating: SPECIFICATION, CHECKLIST AND GUIDE | Department...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Solar Water Heating: SPECIFICATION, CHECKLIST AND GUIDE Solar Water Heating: SPECIFICATION, CHECKLIST AND GUIDE Solar Water Heating: SPECIFICATION, CHECKLIST AND GUIDE, from the...

458

The mechanism of coking pressure generation II: Effect of high volatile matter coking coal, semi-anthracite and coke breeze on coking pressure and contraction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One of the most important aspects of the cokemaking process is to control and limit the coking pressure since excessive coking pressure can lead to operational problems and oven wall damage. Following on from a previous paper on plastic layer permeability we have studied the effect of contraction of semi-coke on coking pressure and the effect of organic additives on contraction. A link between contraction (or simulated contraction) outside the plastic layer and coking pressure was demonstrated. The interaction between this contraction, local bulk density around the plastic layer and the dependence of the permeability of the plastic layer on bulk density was discussed as possible mechanisms for the generation of coking pressure. The effect of blending either a high volatile matter coal or one of two semi-anthracites with low volatile matter, high coking pressure coals on the coking pressure of the binary blends has been explained using this mechanism.

Merrick Mahoney; Seiji Nomura; Koichi Fukuda; Kenji Kato; Anthony Le Bas; David R. Jenkins; Sid McGuire

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Consulting, Construction and Operating Results of a Full-Scale Biotechnological Plant for the Oxidation of Iron and Manganese with Simultaneous Elimination of Volatile Chlorinated Hydrocarbons from Ground Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ground water in the south part of Hannover, known ... Sdstadt, is partially polluted with volatile chlorinated hydrocarbons (C1HC). This contamination originated from a ... the factory stands as well as the...

V. Quentmeier; M. Saake

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Characterization of Volatile Compounds of Indian Cress Absolute by GC-Olfactometry/VIDEO-Sniff and Comprehensive Two-Dimensional Gas Chromatography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Characterization of Volatile Compounds of Indian Cress Absolute by GC-Olfactometry/VIDEO-Sniff and Comprehensive Two-Dimensional Gas Chromatography ... During the sniffing sessions, the sniffers were instructed (a) to signal each odor perceived by pressing a push button for as long as the odor lasted, (b) to describe the odors orally, and (c) to quantify their intensity on a five-point scale (2). ...

Katharina Breme; Pascal Tournayre; Xavier Fernandez; Uwe J. Meierhenrich; Hugues Brevard; Daniel Joulain; Jean Louis Berdague?

2009-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility specifications commonly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Effects of the addition of water-filled bladders or volatile fatty acids to the rumen on the feeding behaviour in lactating dairy cows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tests (rumen bladders and VFA infusion) were carried out at 4, 9, 15 and 35 wk after calving in 4) was compared to a bladder-free control. In the second test, a con- tinuous infusion of 20.3 MJ/d volatile fatty- men was compared to a control infusion (7 g NaCl, 3.7 g KCI and 2.4 ml HCI 2 N perI water

Boyer, Edmond

462

Microcarbon residue yield and heteroatom partitioning between volatiles and solids for whole vacuum resids and their liquid chromatographic fractions  

SciTech Connect

Five petroleum >1000{degrees}F resids were separated into compound type fractions using liquid chromatography. The coking tendency of each compound type was assessed using the microcarbon residue (MCR) test (ASTM D 4530). Heteroatom (N, S, Ni, V) partitioning between MCR solids versus volatiles was determined through analysis of the starting fractions and the corresponding MCR solids. The weighted sum of MCR solid yields over all compound types in a given resid was typically in good agreement with the MCR yield of the whole resid. This finding agrees with prior studies indicating coke yield to be an additive property. Sulfur partitioning was also an additive property, was predictable from MCR yield, and was nearly independent of the initial form (sulfide, thiophenic, sulfoxide) present. Nitrogen and nickel partitioning were nonadditive and therefore composition dependent. Partitioning of vanadium into solids was essentially quantitative for all resids and their fractions. MCR solid yield was generally dependent only on H/C ratio. However, there is some evidence indicating secondary dependence on hydrocarbon structure; i.e., that naphthenic rings reduce MCR in proportion to H/C by virtue of their effective hydrogen transfer properties. Deposition of N and Ni into MCR solids over the fractions was often appreciably less than that of the whole resids, thereby indicating that interaction among various compound types was required for maximum incorporation of those elements into coke.

Green, J.B.; Shay, J.Y.; Reynolds, J.W.; Green, J.A.; Young, L.L.; White, M.E.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

EqualChance: Addressing Intra-set Write Variation to Increase Lifetime of Non-volatile Caches  

SciTech Connect

To address the limitations of SRAM such as high-leakage and low-density, researchers have explored use of non-volatile memory (NVM) devices, such as ReRAM (resistive RAM) and STT-RAM (spin transfer torque RAM) for designing on-chip caches. A crucial limitation of NVMs, however, is that their write endurance is low and the large intra-set write variation introduced by existing cache management policies may further exacerbate this problem, thereby reducing the cache lifetime significantly. We present EqualChance, a technique to increase cache lifetime by reducing intra-set write variation. EqualChance works by periodically changing the physical cache-block location of a write-intensive data item within a set to achieve wear-leveling. Simulations using workloads from SPEC CPU2006 suite and HPC (high-performance computing) field show that EqualChance improves the cache lifetime by 4.29X. Also, its implementation overhead is small, and it incurs very small performance and energy loss.

Mittal, Sparsh [ORNL; Vetter, Jeffrey S [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Contribution of power and desalination plants to the levels of volatile liquid hydrocarbons in the nearby coastal areas of Kuwait  

SciTech Connect

The levels and distribution of volatile liquid hydrocarbons (VLHs) were determined in Kuwait`s coastal areas in the vicinity of outlets of power and desalination plants. About 230 samples were collected from the selected sampling locations over the 4 seasons. The VLHs in the samples were analyzed using Grob`s closed-loop stripping technique and GC with FID and confirmed by GC/MS. The results showed that significant levels of VLHs were present. The levels ranged from 307 to 6,500 ng/L and from 2,880 to 7,811 ng/L in Kuwait Bay and Sulaibekhat Bay, respectively. The annual average for VLHs near Al-Zor power plant ranged from 465 to 4,665 ng/L. Benzenoids formed the bulk (about 80%) of the VLHs present. Comparison with the levels in the outlets indicated that Doha West power plant contributed much higher levels of VLHs to the coastal areas than Al-Zor plant.

Saeed, T.; Khordagui, H.; Al-Hashash, H. [Kuwait Inst. for Scientific Research, Safat (Kuwait). Environmental Sciences Dept.] [Kuwait Inst. for Scientific Research, Safat (Kuwait). Environmental Sciences Dept.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Air filters from HVAC systems as possible source of volatile organic compounds (VOC) laboratory and field assays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The emission of volatile organic compounds (VOC) from air filters of HVAC systems was to be evaluated. In a first study carbonyl compounds (14 aldehydes and two ketones) were measured by reacting them with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH). Analysis was done by HPLC and UV detection. In laboratory experiments pieces of used and unused HVAC filters were incubated in test chambers. Filters to be investigated were taken from a filter bank of a large HVAC system in the centre of Berlin. First results show that among those compounds formaldehyde and acetone were found in higher concentrations in the test chambers filled with used filters in comparison to those with unused filters. Parallel field measurements were carried out at the prefilter and main filter banks of the two HVAC systems. Here measurements were carried out simultaneously before and after the filters to investigate whether those aldehydes or ketones arise from the filter material on site. Formaldehyde and acetone significantly increased in concentration after the filters of one HVAC system. In parallel experiments microorganisms were proved to be able to survive on air filters. Therefore, a possible source of formaldehyde and acetone might be microbes.

Hans Schleibinger; Henning Rden

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Effects of oil drops containing Lactobacillus salivarius WB21 on periodontal health and oral microbiota producing volatile sulfur compounds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objective of this paper is to evaluate the effects of oil drops containing Lactobacillus salivarius WB21 on periodontal health and oral microbiota producing volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs). For this study, 42 subjects were randomly assigned to receive oil samples containing L. salivarius WB21 or a placebo for two weeks. Oral assessment and saliva collection were performed on days 1 and 15. Bacterial analysis was performed using the real-time polymerase chain reaction and terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP). In both the experimental and placebo groups, the average probing depth, number of periodontal pockets, and the percentage of bleeding on probing (BOP) decreased while stimulated salivary flow increased on day 15. BOP was reduced in the experimental group compared with the placebo group (P = 0.010). In the experimental group, total bacterial numbers decreased, and the number of L. salivarius increased. The number of Prevotella intermedia, which is correlated with hydrogen sulfide concentration in mouth air, increased in the placebo group and did not change in the experimental group. T-RFLP analysis found that the peak area proportions representing Porphyromonas gingivalis, P. intermedia, Tannerella forsythensis, and Fusobacterium nucleatum decreased in the experimental group, although there was no significant change in the bacterial composition. Thus we observed oil drops containing L. salivarius WB21 improved BOP and inhibited the reproduction of total and VSC-producing periodontopathic bacteria compared with the placebo group, but also showed the limit of its efficacy in controlling VSCs producing and periodontal pathogens.

Nao Suzuki; Kazunari Tanabe; Toru Takeshita; Masahiro Yoneda; Tomoyuki Iwamoto; Sueko Oshiro; Yoshihisa Yamashita; Takao Hirofuji

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Improved volatile fatty acid and biomethane production from lipid removed microalgal residue (LR?AR) through pretreatment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Renewable energy from lipid removed microalgal residues (LR?ARs) serves as a promising tool for sustainable development of the microalgal biodiesel industry. Hence, in this study, LR?AR from Ettlia sp. was characterized for its physico-biochemical parameters, and applied to various pretreatment to increase the biodegradability and used in batch experiments for the production of volatile fatty acids (VFA) and biomethane. After various pretreatments, the soluble organic matters were increased at a maximum of 82% in total organic matters in alkali-autoclaved sample. In addition, VFA and methane production was enhanced by 30% and 40% in alkali-sonicated and alkali-autoclaved samples, respectively. Methane heating value was recovered at maximum of 6.6MJkg?1VS in alkali-autoclaved conditions with comparison to non-pretreated samples. The pretreatment remarkably improved LR?AR solubilization and enhanced VFA and biomethane production, which holds immense potential to eventually reduce the cost of algal biodiesel.

Arumuganainar Suresh; Charles Seo; Ho Nam Chang; Yeu-Chun Kim

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Domain-specific abstractions and compiler transformations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Domain-specific abstractions and compiler Domain-specific abstractions and compiler transformations Domain-specific abstractions and compiler transformations March 4, 2013 sadayappan Saday Sadayappan Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Ohio State University Recent trends in architecture are making multicore parallelism as well as heterogeneity ubiquitous. This creates significant chalenges to application developers as well as compiler implementations. Currently it is virtually impossible to achieve performance portability of high-performance applications, i.e., develop a single version of source code for an application that achieves high performance on different parallel computer platforms. Different implementations of compute intensive core functions are generally needed for different target platforms, e.g., for multicore

469

AWS breaks new ground with soldering specification.  

SciTech Connect

Joining technologies continue to advance with new materials, process innovations, and inspection techniques. An increasing number of high-valued, high-reliability applications -- from boilers and ship hulls to rocket motors and medical devices -- have required the development of industry standards and specifications in order to ensure that the best design and manufacturing practices are being used to produce safe, durable products and assemblies. Standards writing has always had an important role at the American Welding Society (AWS). The AWS standards and specifications cover such topics as filler materials, joining processes, inspection techniques, and qualification methods that are used in welding and brazing technologies. These AWS standards and specifications, all of which are approved by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), have also provided the basis for many similar documents used in Europe and in Pacific Rim countries.

Vianco, Paul Thomas

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SITE SPECIFIC ADVISORY BOARD  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SITE-SPECIFIC ADVISORY BOARD (EM SSAB) Savannah River Site Application No. (Please leave blank) ______________ MEMBERSHIP APPLICATION ________________________________________________________________________________________________ The EM SSAB provides meaningful opportunity for collaborative dialogue among the diverse communities at the Department of Energy (DOE) Environmental Management (EM) clean-up sites. At the request of the Assistant Secretary or the Site Manager/Assistant Manager for Environmental Management, the Board provides advice and recommendations concerning the following EM site-specific issues: clean-up standards and environmental restoration; waste management and disposition; stabilization and disposition of non-stockpile nuclear materials;

471

ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SITE-SPECIFIC ADVISORY BOARD  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Washington, D.C. 20585 Washington, D.C. 20585 April 25, 2013 2 Environmental Management Site-Specific Advisory Board - April 25, 2013 Meeting Minutes LIST OF ACRONYMS AB - Advisory Board ANL - Argonne National Laboratory ARP - Accelerator Retrieval Project BNL - Brookhaven National Laboratory BRC - Blue Ribbon Commission CAB - Citizens Advisory Board D&D - Decontamination & Decommissioning DDFO - Deputy Designated Federal Officer DOE - Department of Energy DUF6 - Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride DWPF - Defense Waste Processing Facility EIS - Environmental Impact Statement EM - DOE Office of Environmental Management EM SSAB - DOE Office of Environmental Management Site-Specific Advisory Board EPA - U.S. Environmental Protection Agency FY - Fiscal Year

472

ACTIVITY SPECIFIC FIREARMS SAFETY PLAN FOR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility/ Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility/ North Slope of Alaska/Adjacent Arctic Ocean (ACRF/NSA/AAO) Activity Specific Firearm Safety Plan for ACRF/North Slope of Alaska Sandia National Laboratories Department 6383, Energy, Climate & Atmospheric Management ACRF/NSA/AAO Revision 14 Activity Specific Firearm Safety Plan for June 2010 ACRF/North Slope of Alaska Signature Page This safety plan is approved by the undersigned and includes the firearm and ammunition storage practices described in this document. Mark D Ivey ACRF/NSA/AAO Site Manager _________________________________Date: ______ Mark D Ivey Department 06339 Manager _________________________________Date: _______ Michael L Heister SNL Safety Engineer _________________________________Date:________

473

POLYNOMIALS WITH A COMMON COMPOSITE ROBERT M. BEALS, JOSEPH L. WETHERELL, AND MICHAEL E. ZIEVE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

POLYNOMIALS WITH A COMMON COMPOSITE ROBERT M. BEALS, JOSEPH L. WETHERELL, AND MICHAEL E. ZIEVE- mon composite, i.e., whether there are nonconstant u, v K[x] such that u(f1(x)) = v(f2(x)). Any such polynomial u(f1(x)) is a common composite. It turns out that there are very precise results about common com

Zieve, Michael E.

474

Effect of Verification Bias on Screening for Prostate Cancer by Measurement of Prostate-Specific Antigen  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...specificity of the PSA test that are not limited by verification bias, since all men in the trial underwent biopsy at the completion of the study. We studied only total PSA measurements, which are commonly used in the primary care setting for screening. Measurements other than total PSA, such as PSA velocity... The failure to perform prostate biopsy in all members of a screened population affects the sensitivity and specificity of the measurement of prostate-specific antigen (PSA). Correction for verification bias with the use of a mathematical method revealed that the usual threshold value of 4.1 ng of PSA per milliliter for a recommendation of biopsy misses 82 percent of prostate cancers in men younger than 60 years and 65 percent in older men.

Punglia R.S.D'Amico A.V.Catalona W.J.Roehl K.A.Kuntz K.M.

2003-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

475

Commoning| Creating a new socio-economic order? A grounded theory study.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Interest in the commons, a concept that extends back to antiquity, has peaked in recent years as alarming resource depletion and intellectual property restrictions (more)

Thompson, Randal Joy

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Double common-path interferometer for flexible optical probe of optical coherence tomography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J. Fujimoto, Optical coherence tomography, Science 254(D. E. N. Davies, Optical coherence-domain reflectometry: afiber common-path optical coherence tomography: sensitivity

Park, Jae Seok; Chen, Zhongping; Jeong, Myung Yung; Kim, Chang-Seok

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Photoinhibition in common atlantic macroalgae measured on site in Gran Canaria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The photosynthetic quantum yield was analysed in four common atlantic macroalgae, the Rhodophytes Gelidium arbuscula and Halopithys incurvus and the Phaeophytes Halopteris scoparia and Lobophora variegata in Gran

D.-P. Hder; M. Porst; M. Lebert

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Tree based domain-specific mapping languages  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Model transformation languages have been mainly used by researchers --- the software engineering industry has not yet widely accepted the model driven software development (MDSD). One of the main reasons is the complexity of metamodelling principles ... Keywords: UML, domain-specific languages, mappings, model transformation languages

Elina Kalnina; Audris Kalnins; Agris Sostaks; Edgars Celms; Janis Iraids

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Synthesis for Regular Specifications over Unbounded Domains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Synthesis for Regular Specifications over Unbounded Domains Jad Hamza # , Barbara Jobstmann + , Viktor Kuncak # # ENS Cachan, France + CNRS/Verimag, France, # EPFL, Switzerland Abstract---Synthesis that are correct by construction. Previous work includes synthesis of reactive finite­state systems from linear

Kuncak, Viktor

480

Synthesis for Regular Specifications over Unbounded Domains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Synthesis for Regular Specifications over Unbounded Domains Jad Hamza, Barbara Jobstmann, Viktor Kuncak ENS Cachan, France CNRS/Verimag, France, EPFL, Switzerland Abstract--Synthesis from declarative. Previous work includes synthesis of reactive finite-state systems from linear temporal logic and its

Kuncak, Viktor

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility specifications commonly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

2IW05 Model Examination Software Specification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Universiteit Eindhoven (TU/e) October 25, 2012 Important Notes. It is not allowed to use study material a class diagram for the following informal specification of a cus- tomer service unit. For each caller in the client-manager system, is checked and noted. A caller is connected to a unique handling callee, which

Mousavi, Mohammad

482

2IW05 Model Examination Software Specification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Universiteit Eindhoven (TU/e) January 9, 2012 Important Notes. It is not allowed to use study material a class diagram for the following informal specification of a cus- tomer service unit. For each caller in the client-manager system, is checked and noted. A caller is connected to a unique handling callee, which

Mousavi, Mohammad

483

Generating Test Data From Statebased Specifications 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generating Test Data From State­based Specifications 1 A. Jefferson Offutt 1 , Shaoying Liu 2 testing in industry is conducted at the system level, most formal research has focused on the unit level. As a result, most system level testing techniques are only described informally. This paper presents formal

Offutt, Jeff

484

Transforming and Refining Abstract Constraint Specifications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transforming and Refining Abstract Constraint Specifications Alan M. Frisch1 , Brahim Hnich2 , Ian choose model transformations to reduce greatly the amount of effort that is required to solve a problem by systematic search. It is a consid- erable challenge to automate such transformations. A problem may be viewed

Walsh, Toby

485

A Domain Specific Property Language For Fraud Detection To Support Agile Specification Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Domain Specific Property Language For Fraud Detection To Support Agile Specification Development Fraud detection is vital in any financial transaction system, including the collection of tax. The identification of fraud cases was traditionally carried out manually, having fraud experts going through

Pace, Gordon J.

486

Security Policy Specification Using a Graphical Approach Page 1 Security Policy Specification Using a Graphical  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Security Policy Specification Using a Graphical Approach Page 1 Security Policy Specification Using of California, Davis {hoagland,pandey,levitt}@cs.ucdavis.edu Technical Report CSE-98-3 A security policy states for organizations to declare their security policies, even informal state- ments would be better than the current

California at Davis, University of

487

Digital RNA allelotyping reveals tissue-specific and allele-specific gene expression in human  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

characterized four cell lines established from two human subjects in the Personal Genome Project. Approximately the comprehensive mapping of linkage disequilibrium in the human genome. The block-like distribution of linkageDigital RNA allelotyping reveals tissue-specific and allele-specific gene expression in human Kun

Cai, Long

488

Digital RNA allelotyping reveals tissue-specific and allele-specific gene expression in human  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

characterized four cell lines established from two human subjects in the Personal Genome Project. Approximately the comprehensive mapping of linkage disequilibrium in the human genome. The block like distribution of linkageDigital RNA allelotyping reveals tissue-specific and allele-specific gene expression in human Kun

Church, George M.

489

Quantifying the value that energy efficiency and renewable energy provide as a hedge against volatile natural gas prices  

SciTech Connect

Advocates of energy efficiency and renewable energy have long argued that such technologies can mitigate fuel price risk within a resource portfolio. Such arguments--made with renewed vigor in the wake of unprecedented natural gas price volatility during the winter of 2000/2001--have mostly been qualitative in nature, however, with few attempts to actually quantify the price stability benefit that these sources provide. In evaluating this benefit, it is important to recognize that alternative price hedging instruments are available--in particular, gas-based financial derivatives (futures and swaps) and physical, fixed-price gas contracts. Whether energy efficiency and renewable energy can provide price stability at lower cost than these alternative means is therefore a key question for resource acquisition planners. In this paper we evaluate the cost of hedging gas price risk through financial hedging instruments. To do this, we compare the price of a 10-year natural gas swap (i.e., what it costs to lock in prices over the next 10 years) to a 10-year natural gas price forecast (i.e., what the market is expecting spot natural gas prices to be over the next 10 years). We find that over the past two years natural gas users have had to pay a premium as high as $0.76/mmBtu (0.53/242/kWh at an aggressive 7,000 Btu/kWh heat rate) over expected spot prices to lock in natural gas prices for the next 10 years. This incremental cost to hedge gas price risk exposure is potentially large enough - particularly if incorporated by policymakers and regulators into decision-making practices - to tip the scales away from new investments in variable-price, natural gas-fired generation and in favor of fixed-price investments in energy efficiency and renewable energy.

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Bachrach, Devra; Golove, William

2002-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

490

Model Based Torque Control and Estimation for Common Rail Diesel Engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A rapid control prototyping based on torque control algorithm using V-cycle mode for common rail diesel engine was developed, and a torque prediction model was present which including a feed-forward mean value engine model and a feedback correction of ... Keywords: common rail diesel engine, control strategies, torque control, torque estimation

Wang Hongrong; Wang Yongfu; Liu Zhi

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Some experimental observations on common sense and fuzzy logic Maria Ajello, Filippo Spagnolo1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

35 Some experimental observations on common sense and fuzzy logic Maria Ajello, Filippo Spagnolo1 1.0 COMMON SENSE AND FUZZY LOGIC Bart Kosko's works on fuzzy thinking have drawn great attention to some to be in control of a situation. The author (of the well known book: "fuzzy thinking") has highlighted that when we

Spagnolo, Filippo

492

Analysis of Common Cause Failure in Redundant Control Systems Using Fault Trees  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper highlights the importance of reliability studies for systems where high reliability is a must. The common cause failure concept is introduced and studied due to its relevancy. A simple hypothetical control system is used to illustrate the ... Keywords: Common Cause Failure, Fault Tree, Redundant Control, Reliability

David Bayona i Bru; Joaquim Melndez; Gabriel Olguin

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

INVERTIBLE SUBSTITUTIONS WITH A COMMON PERIODIC HUI RAO AND ZHI-YING WEN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INVERTIBLE SUBSTITUTIONS WITH A COMMON PERIODIC POINT HUI RAO AND ZHI-YING WEN Abstract. We characterize the invertible substitutions over a two-letter alphabet which share a common periodic point (or for some n 1. A substitution is said invertible if it is an automorphism of the free group F generated

Rao, Hui

494

Greenhouse and Field Nursery Evaluation for Potato Common Scab Tolerance in a Tetraploid Population  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Greenhouse and Field Nursery Evaluation for Potato Common Scab Tolerance in a Tetraploid Population J. Driscoll & J. Coombs & R. Hammerschmidt & W. Kirk & L. Wanner & D. Douches # Potato Association of America 2009 Abstract Potato common scab (Streptomyces scabies (Thaxt.) Waksman & Henrici) is a major

Douches, David S.

495

Greenhouse and Field Nursery Evaluation for Potato Common Scab Tolerance in a Tetraploid Population  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Greenhouse and Field Nursery Evaluation for Potato Common Scab Tolerance in a Tetraploid Population January 2009 # Potato Association of America 2009 Abstract Potato common scab (Streptomyces scabies (Thaxt.) Waksman & Henrici) is a major disease of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.), due to the unmarketability

Douches, David S.

496

Implementing a Variety of Linguistic Annotations through a Common Web-Service Interface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

documentation1 for details of the GATE li- brary.) All the services share a common WSDL interfaceImplementing a Variety of Linguistic Annotations through a Common Web-Service Interface Adam Funk Demonstrator (Kemps- Snders et al., 2009) prototype system will integrate a number of resources and services

Maynard, Diana

497

Simulation Model of Common-Mode Chokes for High-Power Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simulation Model of Common-Mode Chokes for High-Power Applications A. Muetze C. R. Sullivan Found;Simulation Model of Common-Mode Chokes for High-Power Applications Charles R. Sullivan Annette Muetze Thayer simulation models for nanocrystalline cores, and compare the results to experimental measurements. We also

498

U-015: CiscoWorks Common Services Home Page Input Validation Flaw Lets  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

15: CiscoWorks Common Services Home Page Input Validation Flaw 15: CiscoWorks Common Services Home Page Input Validation Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Commands U-015: CiscoWorks Common Services Home Page Input Validation Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Commands October 20, 2011 - 7:30am Addthis PROBLEM: CiscoWorks Common Services Home Page Input Validation Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Commands. PLATFORM: CiscoWorks Common Services-based products prior to version 4.1 running on Microsoft Windows ABSTRACT: Successful exploitation of this vulnerability may allow an authenticated, remote attacker to execute arbitrary commands on the affected system with the privileges of a system administrator. reference LINKS: Cisco Security Advisory ID: cisco-sa-20111019-cs Cisco Security Advisories and Responses

499

U-015: CiscoWorks Common Services Home Page Input Validation Flaw Lets  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5: CiscoWorks Common Services Home Page Input Validation Flaw 5: CiscoWorks Common Services Home Page Input Validation Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Commands U-015: CiscoWorks Common Services Home Page Input Validation Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Commands October 20, 2011 - 7:30am Addthis PROBLEM: CiscoWorks Common Services Home Page Input Validation Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Commands. PLATFORM: CiscoWorks Common Services-based products prior to version 4.1 running on Microsoft Windows ABSTRACT: Successful exploitation of this vulnerability may allow an authenticated, remote attacker to execute arbitrary commands on the affected system with the privileges of a system administrator. reference LINKS: Cisco Security Advisory ID: cisco-sa-20111019-cs Cisco Security Advisories and Responses

500

Recycled Plastics in FCC Feedstocks:? Specific Contributions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recycled Plastics in FCC Feedstocks:? Specific Contributions ... Zhibo, Z.; Nishio, S.; Morioka, Y.; Ueno, A.; Ohkita, H.; Tochihara, Y.; Mizushima, P.; Kakuta, N. Thermal and chemical recycle of waste polymers. ... Feedstock recycling of plastic waste by thermal and catalytic processes is a promising route to eliminate this refuse (which is harmful to the environment) by obtaining, at the same time, products that are useful as fuels or chemicals. ...

Gabriela de la Puente; Jos M. Arandes; Ulises A. Sedran

1997-11-03T23:59:59.000Z