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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility rvp regulations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

On-line RVP analysis improves gas blending  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

New government regulations on gasoline quality are making gasoline blending an increasingly important aspect of refining. The Environmental Protection Agency volatility regulations that establish maximum summertime commercial gasoline volatility levels provide that gasoline Reid Vapor Pressor starting in 1989 may not exceed 10.5, or 9.0 psi. Additionally, beginning in 1992, it may not exceed either 9.0 or 7.8 psi, depending on the area of the country and the month. This article discusses the on-line analysis of gas blending to minimize the volatile organic compounds released to the air.

Lo, P.T. [BP Oil Alliance Refinery, Belle Chasse, LA (United States)

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Environmental Regulations and Changes in Petroleum Refining Operations  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Environmental Regulations and Environmental Regulations and Changes in Petroleum Refining Operations By Tancred C.M. Lidderdale Contents * Introduction * Motor Gasoline Summer Volatility (RVP) Regulations o Table 1. Summer Volatility Regulations for Motor Gasoline o Table 2. Refinery Inputs and Production of Normal Butane o Figure 1. Refinery Inputs and Production of Normal Butane o Table 3. Price Relationship Between Normal Butane and Motor Gasoline o Table 4. Market Price Premium for Low Vapor Pressure (RVP) Gasoline * Oxygenate Content of Motor Gasoline o Figure 2. Oxygenate Content of Motor Gasoline o Table 5. Oxygenated and Conventional Motor Gasoline Price Relationship o Table 6. Reformulated and Conventional Motor Gasoline Price Relationship o Figure 3. Price Differences Between RFG or MTBE and Conventional Gasoline

3

Evaluation of several methods to measure volatility of motor fuels. Technical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is proposing regulations to reduce the amount of hydrocarbons released to the atmosphere due to the evaporation of automotive fuels. The new regulations may define upper volatility limits for these fuels based on seasonal climatic patterns. Volatility of gasoline fuels is typically quantified by measurement of Reid vapor pressure (RVP). Although an established procedure exists for the assessment of the parameter (ASTM S 323), there is question as to the accuracy of the procedure when evaluating fuels with water-interactive constituents, e.g., alcohols and ethers. ASTM P 176 is a procedure that has been proposed as its replacement. It addresses the problem of water and is known as the dry version of ASTM D 323. The correlation study was designed to evaluate the proposed ASTM P 176 procedure for repeatability and reproducibility. The results of the study will help establish a basis for enforcement tolerance. Also evaluated was the equivalency of results from two commercial instruments versus those obtained by the traditional gauges and bath techniques.

Haubenstricker, M.E.; Scarbro, C.A.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

What Is Price Volatility  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

What Is Price Volatility? What Is Price Volatility? The term "price volatility" is used to describe price fluctuations of a commodity. Volatility is measured by the day-to-day percentage difference in the price of the commodity. The degree of variation, not the level of prices, defines a volatile market. Since price is a function of supply and demand, it follows that volatility is a result of the underlying supply and demand characteristics of the market. Therefore, high levels of volatility reflect extraordinary characteristics of supply and/or demand. Prices of basic energy (natural gas, electricity, heating oil) are generally more volatile than prices of other commodities. One reason that energy prices are so volatile is that many consumers are extremely limited in their ability to substitute other fuels when the price, of natural gas

5

Derivative Usage and Performance Volatility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Derivative usage that reduces return volatility is frequently termed hedging, and derivative usage that increases return volatility is called speculation. ... reduce or increase their return volatility with deriv...

Weiying Jia; Yi Kang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Air-Quality Regulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

n...Federal, state and/or local regulations constructed for the purpose of protecting air quality, e.g., low volatile organic compounds...

Jan W. Gooch

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Air-quality regulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

n....Federal, state and/or local regulations constructed for the purpose of protecting air quality, e.g., low volatile organic compounds...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Oil Price Volatility  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Speculation and Oil Price Volatility Speculation and Oil Price Volatility Robert J. Weiner Robert J. Weiner Professor of International Business, Public Policy & Professor of International Business, Public Policy & Public Administration, and International Affairs Public Administration, and International Affairs George Washington University; George Washington University; Membre Associ Membre Associ é é , GREEN, Universit , GREEN, Universit é é Laval Laval EIA Annual Conference Washington Washington 7 April 2009 7 April 2009 1 FACTORS DRIVNG OIL PRICE VOLATILITY FACTORS DRIVNG OIL PRICE VOLATILITY ► ► Market fundamentals Market fundamentals . . Fluctuations in supply, Fluctuations in supply, demand, and market power demand, and market power Some fundamentals related to expectations of Some fundamentals related to expectations of

9

Petroleum Outlook:.More Volatility?  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Outlook: More Volatility? Outlook: More Volatility? 3/19/01 Click here to start Table of Contents Petroleum Outlook: More Volatility? Product Price Volatility-This Year and in the Future WTI Crude Oil Price: Potential for Volatility Around Base Case OPEC Crude Oil Production 1998-2001 Annual World Oil Demand Growth by Region, 1991-2001 Low Total OECD Oil Stocks* Keep Market Balance Tight Fundamentals Explain High Crude Oil Prices Product Price Spreads Over Crude Oil Reflect Product Market-Based Volatility U.S. Distillate Inventories Distillate Winter Demand Stronger Than Temperatures Would Imply High Production Offset Lack of Inventory High Production Came From High Yields & High Inputs High Margins Bring High Imports Gasoline Price Volatility Is a Concern This Summer Gasoline Volatility

10

Macro determinants of volatility and volatility spillover in energy markets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We analyze the time-varying volatility and spillover effects in crude oil, heating oil, and natural gas futures markets by incorporating changes in important macroeconomic variables and major political and weather-related events into the conditional variance equations. We allow asymmetric responses to random disturbances in each market as well as to good and bad economic news related to the overall economy. Results show the presence of asymmetric effects in both random disturbances and macroeconomic variables. A bidirectional volatility spillover effect is found between natural gas and crude oil and between the natural gas and heating oil markets. Crude oil volatility is found to increase following major political, financial, and natural events. Seasonality and day-of-the-week effects are found in the crude oil and heating oil markets.

Berna Karali; Octavio A. Ramirez

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

In Search of a Statistically Valid Volatility Risk Factor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The cross- section of volatility and expected returns, Theof a Statistically Valid Volatility Risk Factor (revised)of a Statistically Valid Volatility Risk Factor Robert M.

Anderson, Robert M.; Bianchi, Stephen W.; Goldberg, Lisa R.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Volatility in natural gas and oil markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using daily futures price data, I examine the behavior of natural gas and crude oil price volatility since 1990. I test whether there has been a significant trend in volatility, whether there was a short-term increase in ...

Pindyck, Robert S.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Volatile compounds from marine algae  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Volatile compounds from marine algae ... Seasonal Variations of Bromophenols in Brown Algae (Padina arborescens, Sargassum siliquastrum, and Lobophora variegata) Collected in Hong Kong ... Seasonal Variations of Bromophenols in Brown Algae (Padina arborescens, Sargassum siliquastrum, and Lobophora variegata) Collected in Hong Kong ...

Richard E. Moore

1977-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

5, 463499, 2008 Oxygenated volatiles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of flooding on the exchange of the volatile C2-compounds ethanol, acetaldehyde and acetic acid between leaves Discussion EGU Abstract The effect of root inundation on the leaf emissions of ethanol, acetaldehyde in stomatal conduc-10 tance. Flooding of the roots resulted in leaf emissions of ethanol and acetaldehyde

Boyer, Edmond

15

Volatility clustering in land markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

analysis. Applying a Lagrange Multiplier (LM) test for AutoRegressive Conditional Heteroskedasticity (ARCH) effects in the Canadian land markets, we find that clustering in land price returns exists in Alberta, Ontario, Quebec, and British Columbia... by even higher volatility and vice versa. III. Data and Descriptive Statistics The monthly land price index for each individual province is obtained from Statistics Canada, covering all of the Canadian provinces (Alberta, Ontario, Quebec...

Bao, Helen X. H.; Huang, Hui; Huang, Yu-Lieh; Lin, Pin-te

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Silicon Nanowires for Non-Volatile Memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Silicon Nanowires for Non-Volatile Memory P R O J E C T L E A D E R : Curt A. Richter (NIST) C O L approaches for silicon nanowire non-volatile memory. K E Y A C C O M P L I S H M E N T S Fabricated novel non-volatile memory cells with silicon nanowire channels and Al2 O3 /HfO2 /SiO2 gate dielectric storage stacks

17

Elastic Prices and Volatile Energy Generation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? New possibilities are developing in the infrastructure of electrical systems to meet the new demand of more volatile power generation. This study focuses on (more)

Daln, Anders

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Jumps and stochastic volatility in crude oil futures prices using conditional moments of integrated volatility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We evaluate alternative models of the volatility of commodity futures prices based on high-frequency intraday data from the crude oil futures markets for the October 2001December 2012 period. These models are implemented with a simple GMM estimator that matches sample moments of the realized volatility to the corresponding population moments of the integrated volatility. Models incorporating both stochastic volatility and jumps in the returns series are compared on the basis of the overall fit of the data over the full sample period and subsamples. We also find that jumps in the returns series add to the accuracy of volatility forecasts.

Christopher F. Baum; Paola Zerilli

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Current status of fluoride volatility method development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Fluoride Volatility Method is based on a separation process, which comes out from the specific property of uranium, neptunium and plutonium to form volatile hexafluorides whereas most of fission products (mainly lanthanides) and higher transplutonium elements (americium, curium) present in irradiated fuel form nonvolatile tri-fluorides. Fluoride Volatility Method itself is based on direct fluorination of the spent fuel, but before the fluorination step, the removal of cladding material and subsequent transformation of the fuel into a powdered form with a suitable grain size have to be done. The fluorination is made with fluorine gas in a flame fluorination reactor, where the volatile fluorides (mostly UF{sub 6}) are separated from the non-volatile ones (trivalent minor actinides and majority of fission products). The subsequent operations necessary for partitioning of volatile fluorides are the condensation and evaporation of volatile fluorides, the thermal decomposition of PuF{sub 6} and the finally distillation and sorption used for the purification of uranium product. The Fluoride Volatility Method is considered to be a promising advanced pyrochemical reprocessing technology, which can mainly be used for the reprocessing of oxide spent fuels coming from future GEN IV fast reactors.

Uhlir, J.; Marecek, M.; Skarohlid, J. [UJV - Nuclear Research Institute, Research Centre Rez, CZ-250 68 Husinec - Rez 130 (Czech Republic)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Partitioning of Volatile Organics in Diesel Particulate and Exhaust...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Exhaust Partitioning of Volatile Organics in Diesel Particulate and Exhaust Evaluation of how sampling details affect the measurement of volatile organic compounds in...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility rvp regulations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Detection of Low Volatility Organic Analytes on Soils Using Infrared...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Low Volatility Organic Analytes on Soils Using Infrared Reflection Spectroscopy. Abstract: Previous work on detection of low-volatility liquid organic (and...

22

Comparative Toxicity of Combined Particle and Semi-Volatile Organic...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Toxicity of Combined Particle and Semi-Volatile Organic Fractioins of Gasoline and Diesel Emissions Comparative Toxicity of Combined Particle and Semi-Volatile Organic Fractioins...

23

Volatile organic compound sensing devices  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus employing vapochromic materials in the form of inorganic double complex salts which change color reversibly when exposed to volatile organic compound (VOC) vapors is adapted for VOC vapor detection, VOC aqueous matrix detection, and selective VOC vapor detection. The basic VOC vapochromic sensor is incorporated in various devices such as a ground probe sensor, a wristband sensor, a periodic sampling monitor, a soil/water penetrometer, an evaporative purge sensor, and various vacuum-based sensors which are particularly adapted for reversible/reusable detection, remote detection, continuous monitoring, or rapid screening of environmental remediation and waste management sites. The vapochromic sensor is used in combination with various fiber optic arrangements to provide a calibrated qualitative and/or quantitative indication of the presence of VOCs.

Lancaster, Gregory D. (Idaho Falls, ID); Moore, Glenn A. (Idaho Falls, ID); Stone, Mark L. (Idaho Falls, ID); Reagen, William K. (Stillwater, MN)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Volatile organic compound sensing devices  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus employing vapochromic materials in the form of inorganic double complex salts which change color reversibly when exposed to volatile organic compound (VOC) vapors is adapted for VOC vapor detection, VOC aqueous matrix detection, and selective VOC vapor detection. The basic VOC vapochromic sensor is incorporated in various devices such as a ground probe sensor, a wristband sensor, a periodic sampling monitor, a soil/water penetrometer, an evaporative purge sensor, and various vacuum-based sensors which are particularly adapted for reversible/reusable detection, remote detection, continuous monitoring, or rapid screening of environmental remediation and waste management sites. The vapochromic sensor is used in combination with various fiber optic arrangements to provide a calibrated qualitative and/or quantitative indication of the presence of VOCs. 15 figs.

Lancaster, G.D.; Moore, G.A.; Stone, M.L.; Reagen, W.K.

1995-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

25

Library Regulations Library Regulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Library Regulations 2012-13 Library Regulations UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM REGULATIONS LIBRARY REGULATIONS Preamble: The Library Regulations apply to all users of library facilities managed on behalf of the University by Library Services, and thus there are sections that apply also to non- members of the University

Birmingham, University of

26

Securing non-volatile memory regions  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods, apparatus and articles of manufacture to secure non-volatile memory regions are disclosed. An example method disclosed herein comprises associating a first key pair and a second key pair different than the first key pair with a process, using the first key pair to secure a first region of a non-volatile memory for the process, and using the second key pair to secure a second region of the non-volatile memory for the same process, the second region being different than the first region.

Faraboschi, Paolo; Ranganathan, Parthasarathy; Muralimanohar, Naveen

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

27

Volatile constituents in a wood pyrolysis oil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Science VOLATILE CONSTITUTENTS IN A WOOD PYROLYSIS OIL A Thesis SHIH-CHIEN LIN Appro d as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) Head of epa tmen (Member Member Nay 1978 442936 ABSTRACT Volatile Constituents in a Wood Pyrolysis Oil.../120 Supelcoport. Other trace constituents of volatile acid were also 'dentifi="' by trap- ping the substances from the C. C. column into i: n;- 0-sh ped capillary tube and subjecting to mass spectrometry. The corrosivity of pyrolysis oil and it, volati'e acids...

Lin, Shih-Chien

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Partitioning of Volatile Organics in Diesel Particulate and Exhaust  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Evaluation of how sampling details affect the measurement of volatile organic compounds in diesel exhaust

29

The Role of Volatiles in Coal Combustion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Our knowledge of the role of volatiles in coal combustion ranges at this time from the self-evident to the ambiguous. The clearest point on which all agree is that pyrolysis will occur during the total coal co...

Robert H. Essenhigh; Eric M. Suuberg

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Volatile Organic Compounds Emissions from Biomass Combustion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) from biomass combustion have been investigated. VOC contribute both to ... 0.510 MW. A variety of biomass fuel types and combustion equipment was covered. The su...

Lennart Gustavsson; Mats-Lennart Karlsson

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Modelling oil price volatility with structural breaks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we provide two main innovations: (i) we analyze oil prices of two prominent markets namely West Texas Intermediate (WTI) and Brent using the two recently developed tests by Narayan and Popp (2010) and Liu and Narayan, 2010 both of which allow for two structural breaks in the data series; and (ii) the latter method is modified to include both symmetric and asymmetric volatility models. We identify two structural breaks that occur in 1990 and 2008 which coincidentally correspond to the Iraqi/Kuwait conflict and the global financial crisis, respectively. We find evidence of persistence and leverage effects in the oil price volatility. While further extensions can be pursued, the consideration of asymmetric effects as well as structural breaks should not be jettisoned when modelling oil price volatility.

Afees A. Salisu; Ismail O. Fasanya

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Volatile Species Retention During Metallic Fuel Casting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Metallic nuclear fuels are candidate transmutation fuel forms for advanced fuel cycles. Through the operation of the Experimental Breeder Reactor II metallic nuclear fuels have been shown to be robust and easily manufactured. However, concerns have been raised concerning loss of americium during the casting process because of its high vapor pressure. In order to address these concerns a gaseous diffusion model was developed and a series of experiments using both manganese and samarium as surrogates for americium were conducted. The modeling results showed that volatility losses can be controlled to essentially no losses with a modest overpressure. Experimental results also showed volatile species retention down to no detectable losses through overpressure, although the loss values varied from the model results the same trend was seen. Bases on these results it is very probably that americium losses through volatility can be controlled to no detectable losses through application of a modest overpressure during casting.

Randall S. Fielding; Douglas L. Proter

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Non-volatile memory for checkpoint storage  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system, method and computer program product for supporting system initiated checkpoints in high performance parallel computing systems and storing of checkpoint data to a non-volatile memory storage device. The system and method generates selective control signals to perform checkpointing of system related data in presence of messaging activity associated with a user application running at the node. The checkpointing is initiated by the system such that checkpoint data of a plurality of network nodes may be obtained even in the presence of user applications running on highly parallel computers that include ongoing user messaging activity. In one embodiment, the non-volatile memory is a pluggable flash memory card.

Blumrich, Matthias A.; Chen, Dong; Cipolla, Thomas M.; Coteus, Paul W.; Gara, Alan; Heidelberger, Philip; Jeanson, Mark J.; Kopcsay, Gerard V.; Ohmacht, Martin; Takken, Todd E.

2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

34

Forecasting Volatility in Stock Market Using GARCH Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forecasting volatility has held the attention of academics and practitioners all over the world. The objective for this master's thesis is to predict the volatility in stock market by using generalized autoregressive ...

Yang, Xiaorong

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Sequential #optimal consumption and investment for stochastic volatility markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sequential #­optimal consumption and investment for stochastic volatility markets with unknown investment and consumption problem for a Black­Scholes financial market with stochastic volatility sequential estimation. We show that the consumption and investment strategy calculated through

36

Volatility Relationship between Crude Oil and Petroleum Products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper utilizes calculated historical volatility and GARCH models to compare the historical price volatility behavior of crude oil, motor gasoline and heating oil in U.S. markets since 1990. ... GARCH/TARCH m...

Thomas K. Lee; John Zyren

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

X-ray elemental online analyzer measures volatiles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of an online XRF analyser for determining the volatiles content of coal is outlined. 3 figs.

Klein, A.; Pilz, K.; Reich, K. [Indutech Instruments GmbH, Simmersfeld (Germany)

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

38

COMMODITY PRICE VOLATILITY ACROSS EXCHANGE RATE REGIMES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 COMMODITY PRICE VOLATILITY ACROSS EXCHANGE RATE REGIMES John T. Cuddington* and Hong Liang** March 10, 2003 ABSTRACT This paper documents a new "stylized fact" regarding the relative price 1880 to 1996, this key relative price among two categories of tradable goods is shown to exhibit

39

Volatilization characteristics of solid recovered fuels (SRFs)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The volatilization characteristics of three MSW-derived materials (FO, RT and FL) produced by local waste-management companies were investigated as potential solid recovered fuels (SRFs). FL was prepared from sorted domestic waste and consisted of non-recyclable plastics, refuse paper and biomass. RT and FO were obtained through active hygienization of unsorted MSW and refuse materials from selective waste-collection streams. RT was rich in plastics and had low biomass, whereas FO was mainly biomass and refuse paper. The rate of energy release during volatilization depended on the content of biomass and plastic, especially at a low conversion. Major contaminants had different rates of volatilization. Nitrogen and sulfur tended to accumulate in the charred solid, and were released as SO2 and nitrous oxides during both the volatilizationcombustion stage and the char burning stage. Chlorine release was faster for the fuels rich in plastic waste. According to their ash melting characteristics and slagging indexes (Fs: 1188C for FO, 1192C for RT and 1234C for FL) the three fuels were equivalent to commercial SRFs. The three fuels showed potential as standardized SRF, although it would be desirable to reduce their chlorine content and, in the case of FO, to increase its heating value.

Daniel Montan; Snia Abell; Xavier Farriol; Csar Berrueco

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Understanding Price Volatility in Electricity Markets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper illustrates notions of volatility associated with power systems spot prices for electricity. The paper demonstrates a frequency-domain method useful to separate out periodic price variations from random variations. It then uses actual observed ... Keywords: electricity spot pricing, risk management

Fernando L. Alvarado; Rajesh Rajaraman

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility rvp regulations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Proboscis extension reflex platform for volatiles and semi-volatiles detection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present invention provides an apparatus for the detection of volatile and semi-volatile chemicals using the olfactory abilities of honey bees that are trained to respond to the presence of a specific chemical in a sample of gas with the proboscis extension reflex (PER). In particular, the geometry and arrangement of the parts of the apparatus are such that the amount of surface area in contact with the sample of gas prior to its introduction to the bees is minimized to improve the detection of particular volatile and semi-volatile that have a tendency to "stick" to contacting surfaces, especially certain chemicals associated with explosives and narcotics. According to another aspect of the present invention, a pre-concentrating means is incorporated with the device to effectively increase the concentration of "sticky" chemicals presented to the insects.

Wingo, Robert M. (Los Alamos, NM); McCabe, Kirsten J. (Los Alamos, NM); Haarmann, Timothy K. (Jemez Pueblo, NM)

2010-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

42

Approximate hedging problem with transaction costs in stochastic volatility markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Approximate hedging problem with transaction costs in stochastic volatility markets Thai Huu Nguyen stochastic volatility markets with transaction costs using a new form for enlarged volatility in Leland between the present setting and high frequency markets with transaction costs. Possibilities to improve

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

43

Online measurements of the emissions of intermediate-volatility and semi-volatile organic compounds from aircraft  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A detailed understanding of the climate and air quality impacts of aviation requires measurements of the emissions of intermediate-volatility and semi-volatile organic compounds (I/SVOCs) from aircraft. Currently both the ...

Herndon, S. C.

44

Oxidation and volatilization of a niobium alloy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the findings from a preliminary investigation into oxidation and volatilization characteristics of a niobium alloy. Niobium is a candidate alloy for use in plasma facing components (PFCS) in experimental fusion reactors like the Intemational Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). An experimental alloy was tailored to simulate small changes in chemistry which could result from transmutations from irradiation. The alloy was exposed in air and steam between 800[degree]C and 1200[degree]C. Volatilized products and hydrogen were collected and measured. Post-test examinations were also performed on the samples to determine the amount of material loss during the exposures. The obtained measurements of volatilization flux (g/m[sup 2]-s), hydrogen generation rates (liters/m[sup 2]-s), and recession rates (mm/s) are data which can be used for safety analyses and material performance to predict consequences which may result from an accident involving the ingress of air or steam into the plasma chamber of fusion reactor. In our volatility tests, only molybdenum and niobium were found at release levels above the detection limit. Although molybdenum is present at only 0.12 wt%, the quantities of this element volatilized in air are nearly comparable to the quantities of niobium released. The niobium release in steam is only three to four times higher than that of molybdenum in steam. The hydrogen production of the niobium alloy is compared with other PFC materials that we have tested, specifically, beryllium, graphite, and a tunesten alloy. At high temperatures, the hydrogen production rate of the niobium alloy is among the lowest of these materials, significantly lower than beryllium. To understand what this means in an accident situation, modeling is necessary to predict temperatures, and therefore total hydrogen production. The INEL is currently doing this modeling.

Smolik, G.R.; McCarthy, K.A.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Effect of sampling technique on the measurement of gasoline volatility. Technical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is proposing the adoption of regulations that would reduce the amount of hydrocarbons released to the atmosphere due to evaporation of gasoline. One regulatory alternative under consideration is to put an upper limit on volatility. Volatility is typically quantified by measurement of Reid vapor pressure. The purpose of the report was to identify and quantify any differences in vapor pressure caused by the technique used to obtain the sample. The objective of the effort is identify and document a fast, inexpensive, and reliable method to obtain enforcement-quality samples at service station-type facilities. The report examines the effect of four sampling techniques and two methods of analysis on three types of fuels.

Scarbro, C.A.; White, J.T.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Volatility forecasting with smooth transition exponential smoothing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Adaptive exponential smoothing methods allow smoothing parameters to change over time, in order to adapt to changes in the characteristics of the time series. This paper presents a new adaptive method for predicting the volatility in financial returns. It enables the smoothing parameter to vary as a logistic function of user-specified variables. The approach is analogous to that used to model time-varying parameters in smooth transition generalised autoregressive conditional heteroskedastic (GARCH) models. These non-linear models allow the dynamics of the conditional variance model to be influenced by the sign and size of past shocks. These factors can also be used as transition variables in the new smooth transition exponential smoothing (STES) approach. Parameters are estimated for the method by minimising the sum of squared deviations between realised and forecast volatility. Using stock index data, the new method gave encouraging results when compared to fixed parameter exponential smoothing and a variety of GARCH models.

James W. Taylor

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Pressure maintenance in a volatile oil reservoir  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reservoir. Historically, produced and makeup gas was injected to maintain pressure. In today's economy. gas has an increasing market value compared to the price of oil. Therefore, it becomes increasingly difficult to justify economically the injection... of produced gas and the purchase of additional make up gas to maintain reservoir pressure. Accordingly, water injection to maintain pressure becomes more favorable economically. This research investigated water injection into a volatile oil reservoir...

Schuster, Bruce Alan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

48

NETL: Ambient Monitoring - Contribution of Semi-volatile Organic Material  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Semi-volatile Organics in PM Semi-volatile Organics in PM This project is a cooperative effort between Brigham Young University (BYU) and researchers from the DOE-NETL Office of Science and and Engineering Research to determine the contribution of semi-volatile particulate organic compounds (SVOC) to total ambient suspended fine particulate mass at the NETL-Pittsburgh air monitoring facility. Project funding comes from DOE‘s University Coal Research (UCR) program. The hypothesis of the project is that fine particulate mass will be significantly under-determined in urban environments using single filter samplers such as the PM2.5 Federal Reference Method (FRM) because of the loss of semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOC) from the particles during sampling and storage. It is postulated that fine particulate mass, including the semi-volatile fine particulate organic species, are an appropriate surrogate for the components of fine particles which are associated with observed mortality and morbidity effects in epidemiological studies. Further, it is postulated that the most important fraction of the semi-volatile organic material with respect to exacerbation of health problems will be semi-volatile secondary compounds formed from reactions of volatile organic material with ozone and nitrogen oxides. Under-determination of these semi-volatile species will tend to over emphasize the importance of non-volatile fine particulate components such as sulfate or may reduce the significance of correlations with measured health effects.

49

An assessment of methyl mercury and volatile mercury in land-applied sewage sludge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1993, the US Environmental Protection Agency issued regulations covering the land-application of municipal sewage sludge. These regulations established maximum pollutant concentrations and were based upon a risk assessment of human exposure. Mercury, assumed to be inorganic and non-volatile, was one pollutant evaluated. From April, 1995 through February, 1996, the authors studied the species of mercury contaminating municipal sludge applied to land, and the potential for volatilization of mercury from land-applied sludge. Methyl mercury was found at 0.1% of total mercury concentrations and was emitted from land-applied sludge to the atmosphere. Elemental mercury (Hg) was formed in land-applied sludge via the reduction of oxidized mercury and was also emitted to the atmosphere. Hg emission from land-applied sludge was significantly elevated over background soil emission. Methyl mercury is more toxic and more highly bioaccumulated than inorganic mercury, and warrants assessment considering these special criteria. Additionally, mercury emission from sludge-amended soil may lead to the contamination of other environmental media with significant concentrations of the metal. Although these pathways were not evaluated in the regulatory risk assessment, they are an important consideration for evaluating the risks from mercury in land-applied sludge. This presentation will summarize the results of a re-assessment of US EPA regulations regarding the land-application of municipal sewage sludge using data on methyl mercury toxicity and mercury transport in the atmosphere.

Carpi, A. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States); Lindberg, S.E. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

50

GADOLINIUM SOLUBILITY AND VOLATILITY DURING DWPF PROCESSING  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Understanding of gadolinium behavior, as it relates to potential neutron poisoning applications at the DWPF, has increased over the past several years as process specific data have been generated. Of primary importance are phenomena related to gadolinium solubility and volatility, which introduce the potential for gadolinium to be separated from fissile materials during Chemical Process Cell (CPC) and Melter operations. Existing data indicate that gadolinium solubilities under moderately low pH conditions can vary over several orders of magnitude, depending on the quantities of other constituents that are present. With respect to sludge batching processes, the gadolinium solubility appears to be highly affected by iron. In cases where the mass ratio of Fe:Gd is 300 or more, the gadolinium solubility has been observed to be low, one milligram per liter or less. In contrast, when the ratio of Fe:Gd is 20 or less, the gadolinium solubility has been found to be relatively high, several thousands of milligrams per liter. For gadolinium to serve as an effective neutron poison in CPC operations, the solubility needs to be limited to approximately 100 mg/L. Unfortunately, the Fe:Gd ratio that corresponds to this solubility limit has not been identified. Existing data suggest gadolinium and plutonium are not volatile during melter operations. However, the data are subject to inherent uncertainties preventing definitive conclusions on this matter. In order to determine if gadolinium offers a practical means of poisoning waste in DWPF operations, generation of additional data is recommended. This includes: Gd solubility testing under conditions where the Fe:Gd ratio varies from 50 to 150; and Gd and Pu volatility studies tailored to quantifying high temperature partitioning. Additional tests focusing on crystal aging of Gd/Pu precipitates should be pursued if receipt of gadolinium-poisoned waste into the Tank Farm becomes routine.

Reboul, S

2008-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

51

Volatiles as a link between planetary interiors and the environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Volatiles derived from planetary interiors influence magma evolution and environmental processes. Over appropriate timescales, Earth's mantle, crust, ocean, and atmosphere constitute coupled systems. The apparently synchronous ...

Black, Benjamin A. (Benjamin Alexander)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Price and volatility relationships in the Australian electricity market.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis presents a collection of papers that has been published, accepted or submitted for publication. They assess price, volatility and market relationships in the (more)

Higgs, Helen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

FIELD SCREENING FOR HALOGENATED VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Western Research Institute (WRI) initiated exploratory work towards the development of new field screening methodology and a test kit to measure halogenated volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the field. Heated diode and corona discharge sensors are commonly used to detect leaks of refrigerants from air conditioners, freezers, and refrigerators. They are both selective to the presence of carbon-halogen bonds. Commercially available heated diode and corona discharge leak detectors were procured and evaluated for halogenated VOC response. The units were modified to provide a digital readout of signal related to VOC concentration. Sensor response was evaluated with carbon tetrachloride and tetrachloroethylene (perchloroethylene, PCE), which represent halogenated VOCs with and without double bonds. The response characteristics were determined for the VOCs directly in headspace in Tedlar bag containers. Quantitation limits in air were estimated. Potential interferences from volatile hydrocarbons, such as toluene and heptane, were evaluated. The effect of humidity was studied also. The performance of the new devices was evaluated in the laboratory by spiking soil samples and monitoring headspace for halogenated VOCs. A draft concept of the steps for a new analytical method was outlined. The results of the first year effort show that both devices show potential utility for future analytical method development work towards the goal of developing a portable test kit for screening halogenated VOCs in the field.

John F. Schabron; Joseph F. Rovani Jr.; Theresa M. Bomstad

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

A Comment on \\The Cross-Section of Volatility and Expected Returns": The Statistical Signi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on "The Cross-Section of Volatility and Expected Returns":on The Cross-Section of Volatility and Expected Returns:the pricing of aggregate volatility risk and idiosyncratic

Anderson, Robert M.; Bianchi, Stephen W.; Goldberg, Lisa R.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Environmental Regulations and Changes in Petroleum Refining Operations (Released in the STEO June 1998)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Changes in domestic refining operations are identified and related to the summer Reid vapor pressure (RVP) restrictions and oxygenate blending requirements. This analysis uses published Energy Information Administration survey data and linear regression equations from the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS). The STIFS model is used for producing forecasts appearing in the Short-Term Energy Outlook.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

The impact of oil price shocks on the stock market return and volatility relationship  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper examines the impact of structural oil price shocks on the covariance of U.S. stock market return and stock market volatility. We construct from daily data on return and volatility the covariance of return and volatility at monthly frequency. The measures of daily volatility are realized-volatility at high frequency (normalized squared return), conditional-volatility recovered from a stochastic volatility model, and implied-volatility deduced from options prices. Positive shocks to aggregate demand and to oil-market specific demand are associated with negative effects on the covariance of return and volatility. Oil supply disruptions are associated with positive effects on the covariance of return and volatility. The spillover index between the structural oil price shocks and covariance of stock return and volatility is large and highly statistically significant.

Wensheng Kang; Ronald A. Ratti; Kyung Hwan Yoon

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Terrorism, country attributes, and the volatility of stock returns  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study investigates the interplay between terrorism and finance, focusing on the stock return volatility of American firms targeted by terrorist attacks. We find terrorism risk is an important factor in explaining the volatility of stock returns, which should be taken into account when modelling volatility. Using a volatility event-study approach and a new bootstrapping technique, we find volatility increases on the day of the attack and remain significant for at least fifteen days following the day of the attack. Cross-sectional analysis of the abnormal volatility indicates that the impact of terrorist attacks differs according to the country characteristics in which the incident occurred. We find that firms operating in wealthier, or more democratic countries, face greater volatility in stock returns relative to firms operating in developing countries. Firm exposure varies with the nature of country location, with country wealth and level of democracy playing an important role in explaining the likelihood of a terrorist attack. Our results show that despite significant terrorist events this past decade, stock markets in developed countries have not taken terrorist risk into sufficient consideration.

Naceur Essaddam; John M. Karagianis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Nitrogen Trifluoride-Based Fluoride- Volatility Separations Process: Initial Studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document describes the results of our investigations on the potential use of nitrogen trifluoride as the fluorinating and oxidizing agent in fluoride volatility-based used nuclear fuel reprocessing. The conceptual process uses differences in reaction temperatures between nitrogen trifluoride and fuel constituents that produce volatile fluorides to achieve separations and recover valuable constituents. We provide results from our thermodynamic evaluations, thermo-analytical experiments, kinetic models, and provide a preliminary process flowsheet. The evaluations found that nitrogen trifluoride can effectively produce volatile fluorides at different temperatures dependent on the fuel constituent.

McNamara, Bruce K.; Scheele, Randall D.; Casella, Andrew M.; Kozelisky, Anne E.

2011-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

59

Growth History Of Kilauea Inferred From Volatile Concentrations In  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

History Of Kilauea Inferred From Volatile Concentrations In History Of Kilauea Inferred From Volatile Concentrations In Submarine-Collected Basalts Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Growth History Of Kilauea Inferred From Volatile Concentrations In Submarine-Collected Basalts Details Activities (4) Areas (2) Regions (0) Abstract: Major-element and volatile (H2O, CO2, S) compositions of glasses from the submarine flanks of Kilauea Volcano record its growth from pre-shield into tholeiite shield-stage. Pillow lavas of mildly alkalic basalt at 2600-1900 mbsl on the upper slope of the south flank are an intermediate link between deeper alkalic volcaniclastics and the modern tholeiite shield. Lava clast glasses from the west flank of Papau Seamount are subaerial Mauna Loa-like tholeiite and mark the contact between the two

60

Field Derived Emission Factors For Formaldehyde and other Volatile Organic  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Field Derived Emission Factors For Formaldehyde and other Volatile Organic Field Derived Emission Factors For Formaldehyde and other Volatile Organic Compounds in FEMA Temporary Housing Units Title Field Derived Emission Factors For Formaldehyde and other Volatile Organic Compounds in FEMA Temporary Housing Units Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-4083E Year of Publication 2010 Authors Parthasarathy, Srinandini, Randy L. Maddalena, Marion L. Russell, and Michael G. Apte Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley Abstract Sixteen previously occupied temporary housing units (THUs) were studied to assess emissions of volatile organic compounds. The whole trailer emission factors were evaluated for 36 VOCs including formaldehyde. Indoor sampling was carried out in the THUs located in Purvis staging yard in Mississippi, USA. Indoor temperature and relative humidity (RH) were also measured in all the trailers during sampling. Indoor temperatures were varied (increased or decreased) in a selection of THUs using the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility rvp regulations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Volatility of Vanadia from Vanadia-Based SCR Catalysts under...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Vanadia from Vanadia-Based SCR Catalysts under Accelerated Aging Conditions Volatility of Vanadia from Vanadia-Based SCR Catalysts under Accelerated Aging Conditions TiO2-supported...

62

Volatility and Growth: Credit Constraints and the Composition of Investment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How does uncertainty and credit constraints affect the cyclical composition of investment and thereby volatility and growth? This paper addresses this question within a model where firms engage in two types of investment: ...

Aghion, Philippe

63

A nonparametric GARCH model of crude oil price return volatility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of parametric GARCH models to characterise crude oil price volatility is widely observed in the empirical literature. In this paper, we consider an alternative approach involving nonparametric method to model and forecast oil price return volatility. Focusing on two crude oil markets, Brent and West Texas Intermediate (WTI), we show that the out-of-sample volatility forecast of the nonparametric GARCH model yields superior performance relative to an extensive class of parametric GARCH models. These results are supported by the use of robust loss functions and the Hansen's (2005) superior predictive ability test. The improvement in forecasting accuracy of oil price return volatility based on the nonparametric GARCH model suggests that this method offers an attractive and viable alternative to the commonly used parametric GARCH models.

Aijun Hou; Sandy Suardi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Financial distortions and the distribution of global volatility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, I study the interactions between various aspects of the financial system and macroeconomic volatility in a globally integrated environment. In Chapter 1, I illustrate that an efficient allocation of liquidity ...

Eden, Maya Rachel

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

The impact of fuel price volatility on transportation mode choice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In recent years, the price of oil has driven large fluctuations in the price of diesel fuel, which is an important cost component in freight logistics. This thesis explores the impact of fuel price volatility on supply ...

Kim, Eun Hie

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

In Vitro Genotoxicity of Particulate and Semi-Volatile Organic...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Particulate and Semi-Volatile Organic Compound Exhaust Materails from a Set of Gasoline and a Set of Diesel Engine Vehicles Operated at 30F In Vitro Genotoxicity of Particulate...

67

Impact of Storage Time on the Needed Capture Efficiency for Volatile Radionuclides - 13369  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the processing of used nuclear fuel (UNF), volatile radionuclides will be discharged from the facility stack if no recovery processes are in place to limit their release. The volatile radionuclides of concern are {sup 3}H, {sup 14}C, {sup 85}Kr, and {sup 129}I. There are three key regulations that address the release of these radionuclides to the environment- 40 CFR 61, 40 CFR 190, and 10 CFR 20. These regulations apply to the total radionuclide release and establish dose limits for the maximum exposed individual (MEI) in the public both in terms of whole body dose and dose to specific organs such as the thyroid. Each radionuclide released to the environment contributes to the total dose to some degree. In this paper we attempt to evaluate the efficiency requirements for the capture processes to limit the doses to the MEI to regulatory levels. Since the total amount of each volatile radionuclide present in the UNF changes with the age of the fuel, the respective capture requirements also change with time. Specifically, we are interested in the impact of the decreasing contribution of {sup 3}H and {sup 85}Kr, which have relatively short half-lives, 12.32 y and 10.76 y, respectively, with the increasing age of the fuel (i.e., time between when the UNF is removed from the reactor and the time it is processed) on the capture requirements. In this paper we examine the capture requirements for these four radionuclides for three fuel types (pressurized water reactor [PWR] with uranium oxide fuel [UOX], PWR with mixed oxide fuel [MOX], and an advanced high temperature gas-cooled reactor [AHTGR]), several burnup values, and time out of reactor extending to 200 y. We calculate doses to the MEI with the EPA code CAP-88 and look at two dose contribution cases. In the first case, we assume that the total allowable dose is attributed to only the four volatile radionuclides. This establishes the lowest capture efficiency value possible. Since this is unrealistic, because it assumes zero dose contribution from all other radionuclides, we also examine a second case, where only 10% of the allowable dose is assigned to the four volatile radionuclides. We calculate the required decontamination factors (DFs) for both of these cases for the three fuel types, multiple fuel burnups, and fuel ages and determine whether or not the dose to the whole body or to the thyroid that drives the capture requirements would require additional effluent controls for the shorter half-life volatile radionuclides based on dose considerations. This analysis indicates that the principal isotopes of concern are generally {sup 3}H and {sup 129}I, the latter requiring the highest DFs. The maximum DF value for {sup 129}I is 8000 for the evaluated cases and assumptions used. ?60 for fresh fuels. The DF for {sup 14}C could be as high as 30 for certain fuels. These values are based on just meeting the regulatory limits, and additional engineering margins (perhaps 3x to 10x or higher) should be applied to provide a safety factor for compliance. However, by assuming less conservative dose allocations, taller stacks, different radionuclide speciation, fuel aging, and other reprocessing facility design and location parameters, the DF requirements could be significantly reduced. (authors)

Jubin, R.T.; Ilas, G. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37849 (United States)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37849 (United States); Soelberg, N.R. [Idaho National Laboratory (United States)] [Idaho National Laboratory (United States); Strachan, D.M. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (United States)] [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Volatiles from sheep wool and the modification of wool odour  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Compounds in the headspace of a variety of wool samples and greases have been analysed with the aid of solid phase microextraction using a carboxen-polydimethylsiloxane coated fibre. Volatiles were analysed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, while sulphur-containing compounds were analysed using gas chromatography/pulsed flame photometric detector. The volatile organic compounds released from scoured sheep wool and wool grease were investigated in vials under dry and humid conditions between 20 and 40C. A laboratory scale scouring apparatus was also used to investigate the emission of volatiles at different stages of the wool scouring process. A variety of volatile compounds, including sulphur-containing compounds, were emitted with their concentration increasing with temperature and humidity in most cases. There was a progressive decrease in the number of volatiles released after various stages of the wool scouring process. Wool grease emitted an assortment of volatile compounds, many of which were also detected in the headspace of scoured wool. Degradation of wool and particularly wool grease is thought to be responsible for the occurrence of the detected compounds. Use of an odour index helped identify possible contributors to the odour of wool, but unqualified proof remains elusive because of the possibility that compounds present at concentrations below detection limits may have made a contribution. A major aim of this work was to improve the odour of scoured wool. To achieve this aim two antioxidants were separately incorporated into the wool scouring process. In both cases, this resulted in a reduction of the number of headspace volatile compounds detected, and a distinct improvement in the pleasantness of the odour with an accompanying reduction in the odour intensity.

A.M Lisovac; D Shooter

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

FIELD SCREENING FOR HALOGENATED VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Western Research Institute (WRI) is continuing work toward the development of new screening methodology and a test kit to measure halogenated volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the field. Heated diode and corona discharge sensors are commonly used to detect leaks of refrigerants from air conditioners, freezers, and refrigerators. They are both selective to the presence of halogens. In prior work, the devices were tested for response to carbon tetrachloride, heptane, toluene, and water vapors. In the current work, sensor response was evaluated with sixteen halogenated VOCs relative to carbon tetrachloride. The results show that the response of the various chlorinated VOCs is within an order of magnitude of the response to carbon tetrachloride for each of the sensors. Thus, for field screening a single response factor can be used. Both types of leak detectors are being further modified to provide an on-board LCD signal readout, which is related to VOC concentration. The units will be fully portable and will operate with 115-V line or battery power. Signal background, noise level, and response data on the Bacharach heated diode detector and the TIF corona discharge detector show that when the response curves are plotted against the log of concentration, the plot is linear to the upper limit for the particular unit, with some curvature at lower levels. When response is plotted directly against concentration, the response is linear at the low end and is curved at the high end. The dynamic ranges for carbon tetrachloride of the two devices from the lower detection limit (S/N=2) to signal saturation are 4-850 vapor parts per million (vppm) for the corona discharge unit and 0.01-70 vppm for the heated diode unit. Additional circuit modifications are being made to lower the detection limit and increase the dynamic response range of the corona discharge unit. The results indicate that both devices show potential utility for future analytical method development work toward the goal of developing a portable test kit for screening halogenated VOCs in the field.

John F. Schabron; Joseph F. Rovani, Jr.; Theresa M. Bomstad

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Temporal Geochemical Variations In Volatile Emissions From Mount St Helens,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Temporal Geochemical Variations In Volatile Emissions From Mount St Helens, Temporal Geochemical Variations In Volatile Emissions From Mount St Helens, Usa, 1980-1994 Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Temporal Geochemical Variations In Volatile Emissions From Mount St Helens, Usa, 1980-1994 Details Activities (2) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Fumarole discharges (95-560°C) collected from the dacite dome inside Mount St. Helens crater show temporal changes in their isotopic and chemical compositions. A ΔD vs. Δ18O plot shows that condensed waters from the gases are mixtures of meteoric and magmatic components, but that the apparent magmatic end-member in 1994 was depleted by about 7‰ in ΔD relative to the apparent end-member in 1980. Based on ΔD modeling, approximately 63% of shallow, post-1980 magma has yet to degas.

71

Volatiles in hydrothermal fluids- A mass spectrometric study of fluid  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Volatiles in hydrothermal fluids- A mass spectrometric study of fluid Volatiles in hydrothermal fluids- A mass spectrometric study of fluid inclusions from active geothermal systems Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Report: Volatiles in hydrothermal fluids- A mass spectrometric study of fluid inclusions from active geothermal systems Details Activities (4) Areas (4) Regions (0) Abstract: A system for analysis of inclusion gas contents based upon quadrupole mass spectrometry has been designed, assembled and tested during the first 7 months of funding. The system is currently being tested and calibrated using inclusions with known gas contents from active geothermal systems. Analyses are in progress on inclusions from the Salton Sea, Valles Caldera, Geysers, and Coso geothermal systems. Author(s): Mckibben, M. A.

72

Government Regulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract. Interest in the use of so-called voluntary approaches to supplement or replace formal environmental regulation is on the rise, both in Europe and in the United States. These approaches fall into two general ...

Ashford, Nicholas

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Integration of Micro Patterning Techniques into Volatile Functional Materials and Advanced Devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Novel micro patterning techniques have been developed for the patterning of volatile functional materials which cannot be conducted by conventional photolithography. First, in order to create micro patterns of volatile materials (such as bio...

Hong, Jung M.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

74

Marginalization and aggregation of exponential smoothing models in forecasting portfolio volatility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper examines exponentially weighted moving average models for predicting volatility and assessing risk in portfolios. It proposes a method that identifies the decay factors of the marginal volatility mo...

Giacomo Sbrana; Andrea Silvestrini

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

A two-dimensional volatility basis set Part 2: Diagnostics of organic-aerosol evolution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the use of a two-dimensional volatility-oxidation space (2-D-VBS) to describe organic-aerosol chemical evolution. The space is built around two coordinates, volatility and the degree of oxidation, both of which ...

Donahue, N. M.

76

Earnings and labour market volatility in Britain, with a transatlantic comparison  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We contribute new evidence about earnings and labour market volatility in Britain over the period 19922008, for women as well as men, and provide transatlantic comparisons (Most research about volatility refers to earnings volatility for US men.). Earnings volatility declined slightly for both men and women over the period but the changes are not statistically significant. When we look at labour market volatility, i.e. also including individuals with zero earnings in the calculations, there is a statistically significant decline in volatility for both women and men, with the fall greater for men. Using variance decompositions, we demonstrate that the fall in labour market volatility is largely accounted for by changes in employment attachment rates. We show that volatility trends in Britain, and what contributes to them, differ from their US counterparts in several respects.

Lorenzo Cappellari; Stephen P. Jenkins

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

ALDEHYDE AND OTHER VOLATILE ORGANIC CHEMICAL EMISSIONS IN FOUR FEMA TEMPORARY HOUSING UNITS FINAL REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Urea Formaldehyde Foam Insulation (UFFI), Consumer Productdiisobutyrate Urea Formaldehyde Foam Insulation orexpandable foam insulation Volatile Organic Chemical TMPD-

Maddalena, Randy L.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Algorithms and Data Representations for Emerging Non-Volatile Memories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-volatile memory (NVM). NVMs provide excellent performance such as random access, high I/O speed, low power consumption, and so on. The storage density of NVMs keeps increasing following Moores law. However, higher storage density also brings significant data...

Li, Yue

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

79

Organizational Adaptation in Volatile Environments Kathleen M. Carley  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by environmental volatility. This paper uses a computational model of organizational learning to theorize about within an ecology of learning in which change is occurring at many levels -- individual, organizational organizational adaptation as resulting from strategic maneuvering in a learning ecology will be illustrated using

Sadeh, Norman M.

80

A Class of Stochastic Volatility Models for Environmental Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pharmaceuticals Inc. Ke Wang, Pfizer Inc. F. Jay Breidt, Colorado State University Richard A. Davis, Columbia stochastic volatility modeling to this context, resulting in a stochastic heteroscedastic process (SHP), which is unconditionally stationary and non-Gaussian. Conditional on a latent GP, the SHP

Breidt, F. Jay

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility rvp regulations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Renewable Hydrogen from Nonvolatile Fuels by Reactive Flash Volatilization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...with refined soy oil, biodiesel (the volatile methyl...heat supplied. This process produces ?70% selectivity...intensification of the process into millisecond time...powders is possible. The process also requires further experiments, long-term evaluation, and modeling to...

J. R. Salge; B. J. Dreyer; P. J. Dauenhauer; L. D. Schmidt

2006-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

82

Determination of Steam-Volatile Organic Acids in Fermentation Media by Gas-Liquid Chromatography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Articles Determination of Steam-Volatile Organic Acids in Fermentation...utility in the separation and quantitation of steam-volatile organic acids commonly produced...column of Carbowax 20 M + H3PO4 separated steam-volatile organic acids completely. The...

L. V. Packett; R. W. McCune

1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

MAGNESIUM ABSORPTION IN THE CCUM OF RATS RELATED TO VOLATILE FATTY ACIDS PRODUCTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MAGNESIUM ABSORPTION IN THE C?CUM OF RATS RELATED TO VOLATILE FATTY ACIDS PRODUCTION Y. RAYSSIGUIER RELATIONS ENTRE L'ABSORPTION C,4ECALE DE MAGNESIUM CHEZ LE RAT ET LA PRODUCTION D'ACIDES GRAS VOLATILS du caecum, pH, acides gras volatils, activité microbienne. Introduction The mode of magnesium

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

84

Volatility spillover effect of emerging markets and economic growth versus oil price volatility : the case of the Gulf Co-operation Council countries.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The relationship between stock markets returns, economic growth and oil price volatility has been an issue of considerable debate. While there are many studies showing (more)

Fayyad, Abdallah

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Regulation 28: Library REGULATION 28: LIBRARY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Regulation 28: Library 180 REGULATION 28: LIBRARY The purpose of this Regulation is to safeguard the common interests of all Library users. All persons are admitted on the understanding that they have read and agreed to observe the Library Regulations. Breach of this Regulation could result in membership being

Sussex, University of

86

Volatile Energy Costs and the Floundering Deregulation of Electricity: A  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Volatile Energy Costs and the Floundering Deregulation of Electricity: A Volatile Energy Costs and the Floundering Deregulation of Electricity: A Fresh Look at Integrating Supply-Side and Demand-Side Resources Speaker(s): Bill Kelly Robert Redlinger Date: January 19, 2001 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3148 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Julie Osborn The restructuring of the California electricity industry has not proceeded as intended. A generation capacity shortage, combined with spiraling natural gas costs and a flawed electricity market structure, have led to unprecedented wholesale electricity prices, power outages, and a political and financial crisis for the State. This crisis will not be solved through increasing electricity supply alone. Energy industry observers agree that 1.) energy efficiency, 2.) distributed on-site generation, and 3.) price

87

Comments on Americium Volatilization during Fuel Fabrication for Fast Reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The physical processes relevant to the fabrication of metallic and ceramic nuclear fuels are analyzed, with attention to recycling of fuels containing U, Pu, and minor volatile actinides for the use in fast reactors. This analysis is relevant to the development of a process model that can be used for the numerical simulation and prediction of the spatial distribution of composition in the fuel, an important factor in fuel performance.

Sabau, Adrian S [ORNL; Ohriner, Evan Keith [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Volatility of Power Grids under Real-Time Pricing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The paper proposes a framework for modeling and analysis of the dynamics of supply, demand, and clearing prices in power system with real-time retail pricing and information asymmetry. Real-time retail pricing is characterized by passing on the real-time wholesale electricity prices to the end consumers, and is shown to create a closed-loop feedback system between the physical layer and the market layer of the power system. In the absence of a carefully designed control law, such direct feedback between the two layers could increase volatility and lower the system's robustness to uncertainty in demand and generation. A new notion of generalized price-elasticity is introduced, and it is shown that price volatility can be characterized in terms of the system's maximal relative price elasticity, defined as the maximal ratio of the generalized price-elasticity of consumers to that of the producers. As this ratio increases, the system becomes more volatile, and eventually, unstable. As new demand response technolo...

Roozbehani, Mardavij; Mitter, Sanjoy K

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Characteristics of the volatile organic compounds -- Arid Integrated Demonstration Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Volatile Organic Compounds -- Arid Integrated Demonstration Program (VOC-Arid ID) is targeted at demonstration and testing of technologies for the evaluation and cleanup of volatile organic compounds and associated contaminants at arid DOE sites. The initial demonstration site is an area of carbon tetrachloride (CCl{sub 4}) contamination located near the center of the Hanford Site. The movement of CCl{sub 4} and other volatile organic contaminants in the subsurface is very complex. The problem at the Hanford Site is further complicated by the concurrent discharge of other waste constituents including acids, lard oil, organic phosphates, and transuranic radionuclides. In addition, the subsurface environment is very complex, with large spatial variabilities in hydraulic properties. A thorough understanding of the problem is essential to the selection of appropriate containment, retrieval, and/or in situ remedial technologies. The effectiveness of remedial technologies depends on knowing where the contaminants are, how they are held up in a given physical and chemical subsurface environment; and knowing the physical, chemical, and microbiological changes that are induced by the various remedial technologies.

Last, G.V.; Lenhard, R.J.; Bjornstad, B.N.; Evans, J.C.; Roberson, K.R.; Spane, F.A.; Amonette, J.E.; Rockhold, M.L.

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Volatile organic compound losses from sewage sludge-amended soils  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) applied to soil in sludge have been assumed to disappear quickly and completely. The VOC behavior in sludge-amended soils has been studied previously only in laboratory systems where the sludged soil has been spiked with compounds of interest. Behavior in these systems may not necessarily represent compound behavior in field soils to which contaminated sludge is added. A series of laboratory microcosm experiments were designed therefore to investigate the behavior of toluene, ethyl benzene, o-, m-, and p-xylene applied to soil in contaminated sludge, and factors influencing loss processes. The VOC loss from sludge-amended soil was well described by a simple one step pseudo-first-order model but in certain soils was better described by a two step first-order model. Volatilization was the predominant loss process. Rates of loss depended on sludge application rate, method of sludge application, soil properties, and on compound characteristics. Experiments indicated that spiking sludge-amended soils gave a reasonable indication of VOC loss rates from systems amended with contaminated sludge at least over a period of 23 d. The majority of VOCs applied to soils in sludge volatilizes quickly to the atmosphere over a few to 10s of days with a small fraction lost more slowly. Potential for VOC crop uptake, livestock ingestion, and contamination of ground water is low under routine, managed applications of sewage sludge to agricultural land.

Wilson, S.C.; Jones, K.C.

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Measurement of Passive Uptake Rates for Volatile Organic Compounds on  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Measurement of Passive Uptake Rates for Volatile Organic Compounds on Measurement of Passive Uptake Rates for Volatile Organic Compounds on Commercial Thermal Desorption Tubes and the Effect of Ozone on Sampling Title Measurement of Passive Uptake Rates for Volatile Organic Compounds on Commercial Thermal Desorption Tubes and the Effect of Ozone on Sampling Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-6257E Year of Publication 2013 Authors Maddalena, Randy L., Amanda Parra, Marion L. Russell, and Wen-Yee Lee Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley Keywords indoor air quality, Passive Sampling, Uptake Rates, vocs Abstract Diffusive or passive sampling methods using commercially filled axial-sampling thermal desorption tubes are widely used for measuring volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in air. The passive sampling method provides a robust, cost effective way to measure air quality with time-averaged concentrations spanning up to a week or more. Sampling rates for VOCs can be calculated using tube geometry and Fick's Law for ideal diffusion behavior or measured experimentally. There is evidence that uptake rates deviate from ideal and may not be constant over time. Therefore, experimentally measured sampling rates are preferred. In this project, a calibration chamber with a continuous stirred tank reactor design and constant VOC source was combined with active sampling to generate a controlled dynamic calibration environment for passive samplers. The chamber air was augmented with a continuous source of 45 VOCs ranging from pentane to diethyl phthalate representing a variety of chemical classes and physiochemical properties. Both passive and active samples were collected on commercially filled Tenax TA thermal desorption tubes over an 11-day period and used to calculate passive sampling rates. A second experiment was designed to determine the impact of ozone on passive sampling by using the calibration chamber to passively load five terpenes on a set of Tenax tubes and then exposing the tubes to different ozone environments with and without ozone scrubbers attached to the tube inlet. During the sampling rate experiment, the measured diffusive uptake was constant for up to seven days for most of the VOCs tested but deviated from linearity for some of the more volatile compounds between seven and eleven days. In the ozone experiment, both exposed and unexposed tubes showed a similar decline in terpene mass over time indicating back diffusion when uncapped tubes were transferred to a clean environment but there was no indication of significant loss by ozone reaction.

92

Development and Characterization of a Thermodenuder for Aerosol Volatility Measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This SBIR Phase I project addressed the critical need for improved characterization of carbonaceous aerosol species in the atmosphere. The proposed work focused on the development of a thermodenuder (TD) system capable of systematically measuring volatility profiles of primary and secondary organic aerosol species and providing insight into the effects of absorbing and nonabsorbing organic coatings on particle absorption properties. This work provided the fundamental framework for the generation of essential information needed for improved predictions of ambient aerosol loadings and radiative properties by atmospheric chemistry models. As part of this work, Aerodyne Research, Inc. (ARI) continued to develop and test, with the final objective of commercialization, an improved thermodenuder system that can be used in series with any aerosol instrument or suite of instruments (e.g., aerosol mass spectrometers-AMS, scanning mobility particle sizers-SMPS, photoacoustic absorption spectrometers-PAS, etc.) to obtain aerosol chemical, physical, and optical properties as a function of particle volatility. In particular, we provided the proof of concept for the direct coupling of our improved TD design with a full microphysical model to obtain volatility profiles for different organic aerosol components and to allow for meaningful comparisons between different TD-derived aerosol measurements. In a TD, particles are passed through a heated zone and a denuding (activated charcoal) zone to remove semi-volatile material. Changes in particle size, number concentration, optical absorption, and chemical composition are subsequently detected with aerosol instrumentation. The aerosol volatility profiles provided by the TD will strengthen organic aerosol emission inventories, provide further insight into secondary aerosol formation mechanisms, and provide an important measure of particle absorption (including brown carbon contributions and identification, and absorption enhancements due to coatings on soot particles). The successfully completed Phase I project included construction of a prototype design for the TD with detailed physical modeling, testing with laboratory and ambient aerosol particles, and the initiation of a detailed microphysical model of the aerosol particles passing through the TD to extract vapor pressure distributions. The objective of the microphysical model is to derive vapor pressure distributions (i.e. vapor pressure ranges, including single chemical compounds, mixtures of known compounds, and complex real-world aerosols, such as SOA, and soot particles with absorbing and nonabsorbing coatings) from TD measurements of changes in particle size, mass, and chemical composition for known TD temperatures and flow rates (i.e. residence times). The proposed Phase II project was designed to optimize several TD systems for different instrument applications and to combine the hardware and modeling into a robust package for commercial sales.

Dr. Timothy Onasch

2009-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

93

Regulators, Requirements, Statutes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Statutes Regulators, Requirements, Statutes The Laboratory must comply with environmental laws and regulations that apply to Laboratory operations. Contact Environmental...

94

1 Emerging versus developed volatility indexes. The comparison of VIW20 and VIX index.1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling of financial markets volatility is one of the most significant issues of contemporary finance, especially while analyzing high-frequency data. Accurate quantification and forecast of volatility are of immense importance in risk management (VaR models, stress testing and worst case scenario), models of capital market and options valuation techniques. What we show in this paper is the methodology for calculating volatility index for Polish capital market (VIW20 index anticipating expected volatility of WIG20 index). The methods presented are based on VIX index (VIX White Paper, 2003) and enriched with necessary modifications corresponding with the character of Polish options market. Quoted on CBOE, VIX index is currently known as the best measure of capital investment risk perfectly illustrating the level of fear and emotions of market participants. The conception of volatility index is based on combination of realized volatility and implied volatility which, using methodology of Derman et al. (1999) and reconstructing volatility surface, reflects both volatility smile as well as its term structure. The research is carried out using high-frequency data (i.e. tick data) for index options on WIG20 index for the period November 2003- May 2007, in other words, starting with the introduction of options by Warsaw Stock

Robert ?lepaczuk; Grzegorz Zakrzewski

95

Effects of Ethanol and Volatility Parameters on Exhaust Emissions of Light-Duty Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

26-28, 2005 THE EFFECTS OF ETHANOL AND VOLATILITY PARAMETERSare changed to include ethanol. While past studies of theincluding many with ethanol, there are some contradictory

Durbin, T; Miller, J W; Huai, T; Cocker III, D R; Younglove, Y

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Vehicular emission of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from a tunnel study in Hong Kong  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chemistry and Physics Vehicular emission of volatile organicY. , and Huang, Y. S. : Emission factors and characteristicslight-duty vehicle emissions, Environ. Sci. Technol. , 30,

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Improvement of SOFC Electrodes through Catalyst Infiltration & Control of Cr Volatilization from FeCr Components  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation discusses the improvement of SOFC electrodes through catalyst infiltration and control of Cr volatilization from FeCr components.

Visco, S.J.; Jacobson, C.; Kurokawa, H.; Sholklapper, T.; Lu, C.; De Jonghe, L.

2005-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

98

Essays on the volatility and spillover effects of oil and food price shocks.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis comprises five self contained but related essays on the volatility and spillover effects of oil and food price shocks, making contributions to the (more)

Alom, Fardous

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Stochastic volatility models with persistent latent factors: theory and its applications to asset prices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consider the nonlinear nonstationary state-space model given by yt = radicalbig f(xt,?) ut, xt+1 = ?xt +vt+1,(2.1) where I make the following assumptions: Assumption 1: The volatility function is given by (2.2) f(xt,?) = + ?1+exp(??(x t ??)) , where ? = (.... Assumption 2: (xt) is a scalar latent volatility factor and |?| ? 1, I describe the volatility factor, (xt) explicitly in the transition equation because I am interested in the linkage between it and macro economic fundamentals. I assume that this volatility...

Lee, Hyoung Il

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

100

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne volatile organic Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

predicting volatile organic concentration levels immediately downwind of wastewater treatment facilities... aeration which is used to increase the purification capacity also...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility rvp regulations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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101

E-Print Network 3.0 - acidos grasos volatiles Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

signal that triggers the release of plant volatiles; one or more elicitors from the oral secretion allow Source: Par, Paul W. - Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Texas...

102

Oil consumption, pollutant emission, oil proce volatility and economic activities in selected Asian Developing Economies.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??It is now well established in the literature that oil consumption, oil price shocks, and oil price volatility may impact the economic activities negatively. Studies (more)

Rafiq, Shuddhasattwa

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Ammonia volatilization from N fertilizers surface applied on bermudagrass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- vestigate the feasibility of CaC1 as a urea hydrolysis depressant. Laboratory In a simple nonaerated experiment in air-tight jars, CaCl ad- 2 ditive with urea depressed urea hydrolysis as measured by reduction in NH3 volatilization N loss from 48 to 3...% as a result of inhibiting bio- logical activity. This depression likely resulted from retarded micro- bial activity because CaC12 salt induced high osmotic pressure. In an aerated experiment which circulated air over treated soil, more similar...

Panossian, Jack B.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Effect of Outside Air Ventilation Rate on Volatile Organic Compound  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Outside Air Ventilation Rate on Volatile Organic Compound Outside Air Ventilation Rate on Volatile Organic Compound Concentrations in a Call Center Title Effect of Outside Air Ventilation Rate on Volatile Organic Compound Concentrations in a Call Center Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2003 Authors Hodgson, Alfred T., David Faulkner, Douglas P. Sullivan, Dennis L. DiBartolomeo, Marion L. Russell, and William J. Fisk Journal Atmospheric Environment Volume 37 Start Page Chapter Pagination 5517-5528 Abstract A study of the relationship between outside air ventilation rate and concentrations of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) generated indoors was conducted in a call center office building. The building, with two floors and a floor area of 4,600 m2, was located in the San Francisco Bay Area, CA. Ventilation rates were manipulated with the building's four air handling units (AHUs). VOC concentrations in the AHU returns were measured on seven days during a 13-week period. VOC emission factors were determined for individual zones on days when they were operating at near steady-state conditions. The emission factor data were subjected to principal component (PC) analysis to identify groups of co-varying compounds. Potential sources of the PC vectors were ascribed based on information from the literature supporting the associations. Two vectors with high loadings of compounds including formaldehyde, 2,2,4-trimethyl-1,3- pentanediol monoisobutyrate, decamethylcyclopentasiloxane (d5 siloxane), and isoprene likely identified occupant-related sources. One vector likely represented emissions from building materials. Another vector represented emissions of solvents from cleaning products. The relationships between indoor minus outdoor VOC concentrations and ventilation rate were qualitatively examined for eight VOCs. Of these, acetaldehyde and hexanal, which were likely associated with material sources, and d5 siloxane exhibited general trends of higher concentrations at lower ventilation rates. For other compounds, the operation of the building and variations in pollutant generation and removal rates apparently combined to obscure the inverse relationship between VOC concentrations and ventilation. This result emphasizes the importance of utilizing source control measures, in addition to adequate ventilation, to limit concentrations of VOCs of concern in office buildings

105

New Soil Volatile Organic Compound Samplers U S  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Soil Volatile Organic Soil Volatile Organic Compound Samplers U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f E n e r g y * O f f i c e o f F o s s i l E n e r g y N a t i o n a l E n e r g y T e c h n o l o g y L a b o r a t o r y Successes AdvAnced ReseARch To support coal and power systems development, NETL's Advanced Research Program conducts a range of pre-competitive research focused on breakthroughs in materials and processes, coal utilization science, sensors and controls, computational energy science, and bioprocessing-opening new avenues to gains in power plant efficiency, reliability, and environmental quality. NETL also sponsors cooperative educational initiatives in University Coal Research, Historically Black Colleges and Universities, and Other Minority Institutions. Accomplishments P Process improvement P Cost reduction P Greater efficiency

106

Volatility-- a statistical comparison between the secondary and primary home markets : the lower Cape's volatility and average return compared to three Boston area primary markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis attempts to analyze the long-standing perception that the secondary home market, homes built in and around vacation areas, is more volatile than the primary home market. For the first time, this study measures ...

Knight, Craig, 1971-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Differential volatile emissions and salicylic acid levels from tobacco  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pv. tabaci (Pstb), with tobacco plants resulted in a different volatile blend, consisting of MeORIGINAL ARTICLE Differential volatile emissions and salicylic acid levels from tobacco plants / Published online: 24 April 2003 ? Springer-Verlag 2003 Abstract Pathogen-induced plant responses include

Raina, Ramesh

108

Intra-daily variations in volatility and transaction costs in the Credit Default Swap market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intra-daily variations in volatility and transaction costs in the Credit Default Swap market Andras : Credit Default Swap, Intra-daily patterns, Stochastic transaction costs, Volatility, Interdealer market on the Microstructure of Financial Markets in Hong Kong, the 2008 Credit conference in Venice, the Third Annual Risk

Del Moral , Pierre

109

A Gaussian Approximation Scheme for Computation of Option Prices in Stochastic Volatility Models 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

perform well on simulated joint price and options data that follow the log-linear stocastic volatility of Mathematics University of Alabama Tuscaloosa AL, 35487-0350. February 2007 1Research supported by National process that follows the log-linear stochastic volatil- ity model. There are three stochastic integrals

Ji, Chuanshu

110

Opportunities for reducing volatile organic compound emissions in manufacturing office furniture partitions: a feasibility analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A feasibility analysis is reported of reduction opportunities for volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions in manufacturing office furniture partitions. The pollution prevention (P2) methodology as defined by the Ontario Ministry of the Environment ... Keywords: emissions, manufacturing, office furniture, pollution prevention, volatile organic compound

Frank S. Luisser; Marc A. Rosen

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

System for loading executable code into volatile memory in a downhole tool  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for loading an executable code into volatile memory in a downhole tool string component comprises a surface control unit comprising executable code. An integrated downhole network comprises data transmission elements in communication with the surface control unit and the volatile memory. The executable code, stored in the surface control unit, is not permanently stored in the downhole tool string component. In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the downhole tool string component comprises boot memory. In another embodiment, the executable code is an operating system executable code. Preferably, the volatile memory comprises random access memory (RAM). A method for loading executable code to volatile memory in a downhole tool string component comprises sending the code from the surface control unit to a processor in the downhole tool string component over the network. A central processing unit writes the executable code in the volatile memory.

Hall, David R. (Provo, UT); Bartholomew, David B. (Springville, UT); Johnson, Monte L. (Orem, UT)

2007-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

112

Using futures prices to filter short-term volatility and recover a latent, long-term price series for oil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oil prices are very volatile. But much of this volatility seems to reflect short-term,transitory factors that may have little or no influence on the price in the long run. Many major investment decisions should be guided ...

Herce, Miguel Angel

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Formaldehyde and Other Volatile Organic Chemical Emissions in Four FEMA  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Formaldehyde and Other Volatile Organic Chemical Emissions in Four FEMA Formaldehyde and Other Volatile Organic Chemical Emissions in Four FEMA Temporary Housing Units Title Formaldehyde and Other Volatile Organic Chemical Emissions in Four FEMA Temporary Housing Units Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2009 Authors Maddalena, Randy L., Marion L. Russell, Douglas P. Sullivan, and Michael G. Apte Journal Environmental Science and Technology Volume 43 Start Page Chapter Pagination 5626-5632 Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Abstract Four unoccupied FEMA temporary housing units (THUs) were studied to assess their indoor emissions of volatile organic compounds including formaldehyde. Measurement of whole-THUVOC and aldehyde emission factors (µg h-1 per m2 of floor area) for each of the four THUs were made at FEMA's Purvis MS staging yard using a mass balance approach. Measurements were made in the morning, and again in the afternoon in each THU. Steady-state indoor formaldehydeconcentrations ranged from 378 µg m-3 (0.31ppm) to 632 µg m-3 (0.52 ppm) in the AM, and from 433 µg m-3 (0.35 ppm) to 926 µg m-3 (0.78 ppm) in the PM. THU air exchange rates ranged from 0.15 h-1 to 0.39 h-1. A total of 45 small (approximately 0.025 m2) samples of surface material, 16 types, were collected directly from the four THUs and shipped to Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. The material samples were analyzed for VOC and aldehyde emissions in small stainless steel chambers using a standard, accurate mass balance method. Quantification of VOCs was done via gas chromatography - mass spectrometry and low molecular weight aldehydes via high performance liquid chromatography. Material specific emission factors (µg h-1 per m2 of material) were quantified. Approximately 80 unique VOCs were tentatively identified in the THU field samples, of which forty-five were quantified either because of their toxicological significance or because their concentrations were high. Whole-trailer and materialspecific emission factors were calculated for 33 compounds. The THU emission factors and those from their component materials were compared against those measured from other types of housing and the materials used in their construction. Whole THU emission factors for most VOCs were typically similar to those from comparative housing. The three exceptions were exceptionally large emissions of formaldehyde and TMPD-DIB (a common plasticizer in vinyl products), and somewhat elevated for phenol. Of these three compounds, formaldehyde was theonly one with toxicological significance at the observed concentrations. Whole THU formaldehyde emissions ranged from 173 to 266 µg m-2 h-1 in the morning and 257 to 347 µg m-2 h-1 in the afternoon. Median formaldehyde emissions in previously studied site-built and manufactured homes were 31 and 45 µg m-2 h-1, respectively. Only one of the composite wood materials that was tested appeared to exceed the HUD formaldehyde emission standard (430 µg/m2 h-1 for particleboard and 130 µg/m2 h-1 for plywood). The high loading factor (materialsurface area divided by THU volume) of composite wood products in the THUs and the low fresh air exchange relative to the material surface area may be responsible for the excessive concentrations observed for some of the VOCs and formaldehyde

114

In-Situ Containment and Extraction of Volatile Soil Contaminants  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention relates to a novel approach to containing and removing toxic waste from a subsurface environment. More specifically the present invention relates to a system for containing and removing volatile toxic chemicals from a subsurface environment using differences in surface and subsurface pressures. The present embodiment generally comprises a deep well, a horizontal tube, at least one injection well, at least one extraction well and a means for containing the waste within the waste zone (in-situ barrier). During operation the deep well air at the bottom of well (which is at a high pressure relative to the land surface as well as relative to the air in the contaminated soil) flows upward through the deep well (or deep well tube). This stream of deep well air is directed into the horizontal tube, down through the injection tube(s) (injection well(s)) and into the contaminate plume where it enhances volatization and/or removal of the contaminants.

Varvel, Mark Darrell

2005-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

115

Detection of volatile organic compounds using surface enhanced Raman scattering  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors present the detection of volatile organic compounds directly in their vapor phase by surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrates based on lithographically-defined two-dimensional rectangular array of nanopillars. The type of nanopillars is known as the tapered pillars. For the tapered pillars, SERS enhancement arises from the nanofocusing effect due to the sharp tip on top. SERS experiments were carried out on these substrates using various concentrations of toluene vapor. The results show that SERS signal from a toluene vapor concentration of ppm level can be achieved, and the toluene vapor can be detected within minutes of exposing the SERS substrate to the vapor. A simple adsorption model is developed which gives results matching the experimental data. The results also show promising potential for the use of these substrates in environmental monitoring of gases and vapors.

Chang, A S; Maiti, A; Ileri, N; Bora, M; Larson, C C; Britten, J A; Bond, T C

2012-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

116

Bioorganic nanodots for non-volatile memory devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In recent years we are witnessing an intensive integration of bio-organic nanomaterials in electronic devices. Here we show that the diphenylalanine bio-molecule can self-assemble into tiny peptide nanodots (PNDs) of ?2 nm size, and can be embedded into metal-oxide-semiconductor devices as charge storage nanounits in non-volatile memory. For that purpose, we first directly observe the crystallinity of a single PND by electron microscopy. We use these nanocrystalline PNDs units for the formation of a dense monolayer on SiO{sub 2} surface, and study the electron/hole trapping mechanisms and charge retention ability of the monolayer, followed by fabrication of PND-based memory cell device.

Amdursky, Nadav; Shalev, Gil; Handelman, Amir; Natan, Amir; Rosenwaks, Yossi [School of Electrical Engineering, Iby and Aladar Fleischman Faculty of Engineering, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel); Litsyn, Simon; Szwarcman, Daniel; Rosenman, Gil, E-mail: rgil@post.tau.ac.il [School of Electrical Engineering, Iby and Aladar Fleischman Faculty of Engineering, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel); StoreDot LTD, 16 Menahem Begin St., Ramat Gan (Israel); Roizin, Yakov [School of Electrical Engineering, Iby and Aladar Fleischman Faculty of Engineering, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel); TowerJazz, P.O. Box 619, Migdal HaEmek 23105 (Israel)

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Ethanol as Internal Standard for Quantitative Determination of Volatile Compounds in Spirit Drinks by Gas Chromatography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The new methodical approach of using ethanol as internal standard in gas chromatographic analysis of volatile compounds in spirit drinks in daily practice of testing laboratories is proposed. This method provides determination of volatile compounds concentrations in spirit drinks directly expressed in milligrams per liter (mg/L) of absolute alcohol according to official methods without measuring of alcohol strength of analyzed sample. The experimental demonstration of this method for determination of volatile compounds in spirit drinks by gas chromatography is described. Its validation was carried out by comparison with experimental results obtained by internal standard method and external standard method.

Charapitsa, Siarhei V; Kulevich, Nikita V; Makoed, Nicolai M; Mazanik, Arkadzi L; Sytova, Svetlana N

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Digestion and rumen volatile fatty acid production by heifers fed reconstituted sorghum grain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ce oE M. STER OF SCIENCE January 1969 major Sub dace: Anbmal Science DIGESTION AND RlRCEN VOLATILE FATTY ACE) PRODUCTION BY REIZERS . "~ RECONSTITUTED SCRCEWI GRAIN A Tbests EDUARDO J. FA'is'I XM Approved as to s /le and oontent by...) Appendix 'cable Page Analyses of Variance of Volatile Patty Acids in liicrnno~es/Ill& liliter of Bmaen PluM Analyses of Variance of Nolo Percent Volatile Patty Acids in Ruraen gamples A9 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Sorghum grain i. s the principal...

Pantin, Eduardo Jose

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Arid site characterization and technology assessment: Volatile Organic Compounds-Arid Integrated Demonstration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) Volatile Organic Compounds-Arid Integrated Demonstration (VOC-Arid ID) program was initiated in March 1991 to evaluate technologies for all phases of remediation of VOCs in soils and groundwater at DOE arid/semiarid sites. The primary site for field demonstrations under the VOC-Arid ID program is the Hanford Site. The purpose of this report is to describe (1) the bases for technologies currently under evaluation in the VOC-Arid ID program; (2) the types of subsurface contamination at DOE arid/semiarid sites; and (3) the areas of potential common technology interests based on perceived technology needs at other DOE sites. This report was compiled by Pacific Northwest Laboratory in response to DOE`s Office of Technology Development`s mission to carry out an aggressive program to accelerate the development and implementation of new and existing technologies to meet a 30-year goal set by DOE in June 1989 to clean up all of its sites and to bring all sites into compliance with current and future environmental regulations. A key component of this program is the development of technologies that are better, faster, safer, and cheaper than those technologies currently available. Included in this report are an evaluation of technologies currently (fiscal year 1993) being pursued at the Hanford Site under the auspices of the VOC-Arid ID program, an assessment of subsurface contaminants at arid/semiarid sites, a summarization of technologies under consideration at other DOE sites, a discussion of areas of potential common technology interests, and the conclusions. Also included are a summary of the extent of contamination at the DOE arid/semiarid sites under consideration and a bibliography of source documents from which this report was prepared.

Riley, R.G.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Study on the Volatility of Cesium in Dry Ashing Pretreatment and Dissolution of Ash by Microwave Digestion System - 13331  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Based on the regulation of the activity concentration of Cs-137, Co-58, Co-60, Fe-55, Ni-59, Ni-63, Sr-90, Nb-94, and Tc-99, and the total alpha from the radioactive waste acceptance criteria, the measurement of the activity concentration of these nuclides in low and intermediate levels of radioactive waste such as in paper, cotton, vinyl and plastic samples was investigated. A dry ashing method was applied to obtain a concentration effect of the samples. Owing to the temperature dependence of the volatility for cesium, the temperature of 300 to 650 deg. C was examined. It was found that 450 deg. C is the optimum dry ashing temperature. After dry ashing, the produced ash was dissolved with HNO{sub 3}, HCl, and HF by a high-performance microwave digestion system. The ash sample, for the most part, was completely dissolved with 10 mL of HNO{sub 3}, 4 mL of HCl, and 0.25 mL of HF by a high-performance microwave digestion system using a nova high temperature rotor at 250 deg. C for 90 min until reaching 0.2 g. To confirm the reliability of cesium loss after the performance of the dry ashing procedure, a cesium standard solution for AAS and a Cs-137 standard solution for gamma spectrometry were added to a paper towel or a planchet of stainless steel, respectively. Cesium was measured by AAS, ICP-MS, and gamma spectrometry. The volatility of cesium did not occur until 450 deg. C ashing. (authors)

Choi, Kwang-Soon; Lee, Chang Heon; Ahn, Hong-Joo; Park, Yong Joon; Song, Kyuseok [Nuclear Chemistry Research Division, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daedeok-daero 989-111, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, 305-353 (Korea, Republic of)] [Nuclear Chemistry Research Division, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daedeok-daero 989-111, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, 305-353 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility rvp regulations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Effect of Milk Protein Concentrate on Lipid Oxidation and Formation of Fishy Volatiles in Herring Mince ( Clupea harengus) during Frozen Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sensory evaluation was also conducted to assess the intensity of fishy odor, and the volatiles were analyzed using static headspace gas chromatographymass spectrometry (SHGC-MS). ... Volatile analysis using SHGC-MS showed that 4% MPC was able to reduce headspace volatiles associated with fishy odor. ... Herring mince; SHGC-MS; lipid oxidation; fishy volatiles; fatty acids ...

H. J. F. Joaquin; S. Tolasa; A. C. M. Oliveira; C. M. Lee; K. H. Lee

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Trapping of volatiles in amorphous water ice. R. M. E. Mastrapa , R. H. Brown  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

were re- leased into the sample chamber at the same pressure as the water, measurements will be taken with a solar system composition gas with the proper ratios of water to volatile. References: [1] Bar-Nun, A., G

Cohen, Barbara Anne

123

E-Print Network 3.0 - aqueous volatile organic Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

51 SEDIMENT-TO-AIR MASS TRANSFER OF SEMI-VOLATILE CONTAMINANTS DUE TO SEDIMENT RESUSPENSION IN WATER Summary: @lsuvm.sncc.lsu.edu ABSTRACT Experiments were conducted to...

124

Sensitivity of Investor Reaction to Market Direction and Volatility: The Case of Dividend Change Announcements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study examines whether investor reactions are sensitive to the recent direction and/or volatility of underlying market movements. We find dividend change announcements elicit a greater change in stock price when the ...

Koch, Paul D.; Docking, Diane Scott

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Options introduction and volatility in the EU ETS1 Julien Chevallier 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS), the European Climate Exchange (ECX) has introduced option the introduction of options has increased or decreased volatility in the European Union Emissions Trading Sc

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

126

Volatile liquid hydrocarbon characterization of underwater hydrocarbon vents and formation waters from offshore production operations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Volatile liquid hydrocarbon characterization of underwater hydrocarbon vents and formation waters from offshore production operations ... The environmental implications of offshore oil and gas activities ... The environmental implications of offshore oil and gas activities ...

Theodor C. Sauer

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

The Volatility and the Thermal Storage Performance of Binary Polyalcohol Systems Used in the Wall  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, the volatility of binary systems, consisting of neopentylglycol(NPG), pentaerythritol(PE) and trihytdroxy methyl-aminomethane(TAM) with different components, was studied experimentally. In the solid -solid phase change process...

Yan, Q.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Electrospun Polyurethane Fibers for Absorption of Volatile Organic Compounds from Air  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrospun polyurethane fibers for removal of volatile organic compounds (VOC) from air with rapid VOC absorption and desorption have been developed. Polyurethanes based on 4,4-methylenebis(phenylisocyanate) (MDI) and ...

Scholten, Elke

129

Measurements of Volatile Organic Compounds Using Proton Transfer Reaction - Mass Spectrometry during the MILAGRO 2006 Campaign  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were measured by proton transfer reaction mass spectrometry (PTR-MS) on a rooftop in the urban mixed residential and industrial area North Northeast of downtown Mexico City as part of ...

Fortner, E. C.

130

Chain hotels versus independent hotels : an analysis of branding, room revenue & volatility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis analyzes the historical performance of chain-affiliated hotels and independent (non-affiliated) hotels with an emphasis on the volatility of room revenues. The thesis attempts to prove or disprove the hypothesis ...

Langlois, Tyler J. (Tyler Joseph), 1974-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Comparison of Two ARMA-GARCH Approaches for Forecasting the Mean and Volatility of Wind Speed  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, we develop two ARMA-GARCH models for predicting the mean and volatility of wind speed. The first model employs the standalone ARMA-GARCH model for modeling the mean wind speed and the variance simu...

Ergin Erdem; Jing Shi; Ying She

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Volatile organic compound monitoring by photo acoustic radiometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two methods for sampling and analyzing volatile organics in subsurface pore gas were developed for use at the Hazardous Waste Disposal Site at Los Alamos National Laboratory. One is Thermal Desorption Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (TDGCMS), the other is Photoacoustic Radiometry (PAR). Presented here are two years worth of experience and lessons learned as both techniques matured. The sampling technique is equally as important as the analysis method. PAR is a nondispersive infrared technique utilizing band pass filters in the region from 1 to 15 {mu}m. A commercial instrument, the Model 1302 Multigas Analyzer, made by Bruel and Kjaer, was adapted for field use. To use the PAR there must be some a priori knowledge of the constellation of analytes to be measured. The TDGCMS method is sensitive to 50 analytes. Hence TDGCMS is used in an initial survey of the site to determine what compounds are present and at what concentration. Once the major constituents of the soil-gas vapor plume are known the PAR can be configured to monitor for the five analytes of most interest. The PAR can analyse a sample in minutes, while in the field. The PAR is also quite precise in controlled situations.

Sollid, J.E.; Trujillo, V.L.; Limback, S.P.; Woloshun, K.A.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Architectural Techniques For Managing Non-volatile Caches  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As chip power dissipation becomes a critical challenge in scaling processor performance, computer architects are forced to fundamentally rethink the design of modern processors and hence, the chip-design industry is now at a major inflection point in its hardware roadmap. The high leakage power and low density of SRAM poses serious obstacles in its use for designing large on-chip caches and for this reason, researchers are exploring non-volatile memory (NVM) devices, such as spin torque transfer RAM, phase change RAM and resistive RAM. However, since NVMs are not strictly superior to SRAM, effective architectural techniques are required for making them a universal memory solution. This book discusses techniques for designing processor caches using NVM devices. It presents algorithms and architectures for improving their energy efficiency, performance and lifetime. It also provides both qualitative and quantitative evaluation to help the reader gain insights and motivate them to explore further. This book will be highly useful for beginners as well as veterans in computer architecture, chip designers, product managers and technical marketing professionals.

Mittal, Sparsh [ORNL] ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Identification and evaluation of volatile compounds associated with vacuum and modified atmosphere packaged fresh red meats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with Lacrobacillus planrarum or Leuconostoc mesenteroides and stored for 28 days at 3'C included acetone, toluene, acetic acid, ethyl acetate, a hydrocarbon and CHCls. The profile of volatiles in packaged sterile loin tissue stored for 28 days was very similar.... , 1979, 1983; Vanderzant et al. , 1986). ~Although many studies have reported these off-odors, very little published information exists relative to the nature of the volatile aroma compounds which result from microbial or enzymatic activity during...

Jackson, Timothy Court

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Influence of Prefermentative Treatments to the Major Volatile Compounds of Assyrtiko Wines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Quantification of the major volatile compounds was realized developing a rapid analytical method based on fractionation of a 50 mL wine aliquot using C18-reversed phase adsorbent. ... The method allows satisfactory determination of more than 15 volatile compounds of wine. ... The method was applied to wines produced by Assyrtiko grapes (AOC Santorini), for two consecutive years, to compare the effect of skin contact prior to fermentation and the must clarification process. ...

Despina Kechagia; Yannis Paraskevopoulos; Eleni Symeou; Maria Galiotou-Panayotou; Yorgos Kotseridis

2008-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

136

The performance of a volatile oil reservoir overlain by a gas cap  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE PERFORMANCE OF A VOLATILE OIL RESERVOIR OVERLAIN BY A GAS CAP A Thesis By J. RALPH ELLIS, JR. Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August, 1960 Major Subject: PETROLEUM ENGINEERING THE PERFORMANCE OF A VOLATILE OIL RESERVOIR OVERLAIN BY A GAS CAP A Thesis By J. RALPH ELLIS, JR. Approved as to style and content by: hairxnan of Coxnxnittee) (Head...

Ellis, Joseph Ralph, Jr

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

137

Sorption and permeation of low molecular weight volatile compounds in polypropylene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SORPTION AND PERMEATION OP LOW MOLECULAR WEIGHT VOLATILE COMPOUNDS IN POLYPROPYLENE A Thesis by ANTONIO RAMIRO SANTIAGO VIDAL JUNIOR Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1991 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering SORPTION AND PERMEATION OF LOW MOLECULAR WEIGHT VOLATILE COMPOUNDS IN POLYPROPYLENE A Thesis by ANTONIO RAMIRO SANTIAGO VIDAL JUNIOR Approved...

Vidal, Antonio Ramiro Santiago

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

138

New York State Regulations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New York New York State Regulations: New York State of New York The primary responsibility for regulating oil and gas activities within New York resides with the Bureau of Oil and Gas Regulation in the Division of Mineral Resources (Office of Natural Resources) of the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC). Other offices and divisions within the NYSDEC administer the major environmental protection laws. Contact New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Division of Mineral Resources Bureau of Oil and Gas Regulation 625 Broadway, 3rd Floor Albany, NY 12233-6500 (518) 402-8056 (phone) (518) 402-8060 (fax) Disposal Practices and Applicable Regulations Environmental conservation rules and regulations are contained in Title 6 of the Official Compilation of Codes, Rules and Regulations of the State of New York (6 NYCRR). The rules and regulations for oil, gas and solution mining are provided in 6 NYCRR Parts 550-559.

139

Regulators, Requirements, Statutes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Regulators, Requirements, Statutes Regulators, Requirements, Statutes Regulators, Requirements, Statutes The Laboratory must comply with environmental laws and regulations that apply to Laboratory operations. Contact Environmental Communication & Public Involvement P.O. Box 1663 MS M996 Los Alamos, NM 87545 (505) 667-0216 Email Environmental laws and regulations LANL complies with more than 30 state and federal regulations and policies designed to protect human health and the environment. Regulators Regulators Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) EPA Homepage EPA - Region VI U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) DOE Homepage DOE Environmental Policy DOE Citizen's Advisory Board U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) Southwest Region 2 New Mexico Environment Department (NMED) NMED Homepage NMED DOE Oversight Office

140

Computer Use Regulation Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer Use Regulation #12;Introduction · The following training materials will reference the contents of the Computer Use Regulations, but should not serve as a substitute for reading the actual responsibilities NCSU employees have under the regulations. · North Carolina State University's computer networks

Liu, Paul

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility rvp regulations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Load regulating expansion fixture  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A free standing self contained device for bonding ultra thin metallic films, such as 0.001 inch beryllium foils is disclosed. The device will regulate to a predetermined load for solid state bonding when heated to a bonding temperature. The device includes a load regulating feature, whereby the expansion stresses generated for bonding are regulated and self adjusting. The load regulator comprises a pair of friction isolators with a plurality of annealed copper members located therebetween. The device, with the load regulator, will adjust to and maintain a stress level needed to successfully and economically complete a leak tight bond without damaging thin foils or other delicate components. 1 fig.

Wagner, L.M.; Strum, M.J.

1998-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

142

Load regulating expansion fixture  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A free standing self contained device for bonding ultra thin metallic films, such as 0.001 inch beryllium foils. The device will regulate to a predetermined load for solid state bonding when heated to a bonding temperature. The device includes a load regulating feature, whereby the expansion stresses generated for bonding are regulated and self adjusting. The load regulator comprises a pair of friction isolators with a plurality of annealed copper members located therebetween. The device, with the load regulator, will adjust to and maintain a stress level needed to successfully and economically complete a leak tight bond without damaging thin foils or other delicate components.

Wagner, Lawrence M. (San Jose, CA); Strum, Michael J. (San Jose, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Real-Time Power Control of Data Centers for Providing Regulation Service  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Real-Time Power Control of Data Centers for Providing Regulation Service Real-Time Power Control of Data Centers for Providing Regulation Service Speaker(s): Ayse K. Coskun Date: November 19, 2013 - 12:00pm - 1:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Girish Ghatikar Today's US power markets offer new opportunities for the energy consumers to reduce their energy costs by first promising an average consumption rate for the next hour and then by following a regulation signal broadcast by the independent system operators (ISOs), who need to match supply and demand in real time in presence of volatile and intermittent renewable energy generation. This talk proposes a management framework for the data centers to participate in the power markets. First, I will discuss how to solve the data center "regulation service (RS)" optimization problem to

144

Determination of Migration Parameters for Volatile Organic Compounds in Polyethylene Terephthalate and Nylon 6 by Dynamic Permeation Cell Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Determination of Migration Parameters for Volatile Organic Compounds in Polyethylene Terephthalate, such as low-density polyethylene (LDPE), high-density polyethylene (HDPE), and polypropylene (PP); however

Heller, Barbara

145

Oxidation and Volatilization from Tungsten Brush High Heat Flux Armor During High Temperature Steam Exposure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tungsten brush accommodates thermal stresses and high heat flux in fusion reactor components such as plasma facing surfaces or armor. However, inherently higher surface areas are introduced with the brush design. We have tested a specific design of tungsten brush in steam between 500 and 1100C. Hydrogen generation and tungsten volatilization rates were determined to address fusion safety issues. The brush prepared from 3.2-mm diameter welding rods had a packing density of 85 percent. We found that both hydrogen generation and tungsten volatilization from brush, fixtured to represent a unit within a larger component, were less than projections based upon the total integrated surface area (TSA). Steam access and the escape of hydrogen and volatile oxide from void spaces within the brush are restricted compared to specimens with more direct diffusion pathways to the test environment. Hydrogen generation rates from restrained specimens based on normal surface area (NSA) remain about five times higher than rates based on total surface areas from specimens with direct steam access. Volatilization rates from restrained specimens based upon normal surface area (NSA) were only 50 percent higher than our historic cumulative maximum flux plot (CMFP) for tungsten. This study has shown that hydrogen generation and tungsten volatilization from brush do not scale according to predictions with previously determined rates, but in fact, with higher packing density could approach those from flat surfaces.

Smolik, Galen Richard; Pawelko, Robert James; Anderl, Robert Andrew; Petti, David Andrew

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Volatile Organic Compound Investigation Results, 300 Area, Hanford Site, Washington  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Unexpectedly high concentrations of volatile organic compounds (VOC) were discovered while drilling in the unconfined aquifer beneath the Hanford Sites 300 Area during 2006. The discovery involved an interval of relatively finer-grained sediment within the unconfined aquifer, an interval that is not sampled by routine groundwater monitoring. Although VOC contamination in the unconfined aquifer has been identified and monitored, the concentrations of newly discovered contamination are much higher than encountered previously, with some new results significantly higher than the drinking water standards. The primary contaminant is trichloroethene, with lesser amounts of tetrachloroethene. Both chemicals were used extensively as degreasing agents during the fuels fabrication process. A biological degradation product of these chemicals, 1,2-dichloroethene, was also detected. To further define the nature and extent of this contamination, additional characterization drilling was undertaken during 2007. Four locations were drilled to supplement the information obtained at four locations drilled during the earlier investigation in 2006. The results of the combined drilling indicate that the newly discovered contamination is limited to a relatively finer-grained interval of Ringold Formation sediment within the unconfined aquifer. The extent of this contamination appears to be the area immediately east and south of the former South Process Pond. Samples collected from the finer-grained sediment at locations along the shoreline confirm the presence of the contamination near the groundwater/river interface. Contamination was not detected in river water that flows over the area where the river channel potentially incises the finer-grained interval of aquifer sediment. The source for this contamination is not readily apparent. A search of historical documents and the Hanford Waste Information Data System did not provide definitive clues as to waste disposal operations and/or spills that might have resulted in groundwater contamination in this sediment, although several relatively small accidental releases of VOCs have occurred in the past in the northern portion of the 300 Area. It is likely that large quantities of degreasing solutions were disposed to the North and South Process Ponds during the 1950s and 1960s, and that evidence for them in the upper portion of the unconfined aquifer has been removed because of groundwater movement through the much more transmissive sediment. Also, investigations to date have revealed no evidence to suggest that a dense, non-aqueous phase liquid remains undetected in the subsurface. Potential pathways for contamination to migrate from this finer-grained sediment include groundwater movement through the interval to offshore locations in the Columbia River channel, dispersion out of the finer-grained interval into the overlying transmissive sediment (again, with transport to the riverbed), and potential future withdrawal via water supply wells.

Peterson, Robert E.; Williams, Bruce A.; Smith, Ronald M.

2008-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

147

Alabama State Regulations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

State Regulations » Alabama State Regulations » Alabama State Regulations: Alabama State of Alabama The State Oil and Gas Board of Alabama, under the direction of the State Geologist and Oil and Gas Supervisor, is responsible for the regulation of oil and gas operations. The Board is divided into two administrative regions-north and south. The Board has broad authority in Alabama's oil and gas conservation statutes to promulgate and enforce rules and regulations to ensure the conservation and proper development of Alabama's petroleum resources. A major duty of the Board is to prevent pollution of fresh water supplies by oil, gas, salt water, or other contaminants resulting from oil and gas operations. The Alabama Department of Environmental Management (ADEM) administers the major federal environmental protection laws through regulations governing air pollution, water quality and supply, solid and hazardous waste management.

148

Pressure reducing regulator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A pressure reducing regulator that controls its downstream or outlet pressure to a fixed fraction of its upstream or inlet pressure is disclosed. The regulator includes a housing which may be of a titanium alloy, within which is located a seal or gasket at the outlet end which may be made of annealed copper, a rod, and piston, each of which may be made of high density graphite. The regulator is insensitive to temperature by virtue of being without a spring or gas sealed behind a diaphragm, and provides a reference for a system in which it is being used. The rod and piston of the regulator are constructed, for example, to have a 1/20 ratio such that when the downstream pressure is less than 1/20 of the upstream pressure the regulator opens and when the downstream pressure exceeds 1/20 of the upstream pressure the regulator closes. 10 figs.

Whitehead, J.C.; Dilgard, L.W.

1995-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

149

TOWARD MORE EFFECTIVE REGULATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper proposes a model relationship between the operator engaged in a hazardous activity, the regulator of that activity, and the general public. The roles and responsibilities of each entity are described in a way that allows effective communication flow. The role of the regulator is developed using the steam boiler as an example of a hazard subject to regulation; however, the model applies to any regulated activity. In this model the safety analyst has the extremely important role of communicating sometimes difficult technical information to the regulator in a way that the regulator can provide credible assurance to the general public as to the adequacy of the control of the hazardous activity. The conclusion asserts that acceptance of the model, understanding of the roles and responsibilities and definition of who communicates what information to whom will mitigate frustration on the part of each of the three entities.

J. GRAF

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

New Approach to Assess Volatile Contamination in Vadose Zone Provides Path  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Approach to Assess Volatile Contamination in Vadose Zone Approach to Assess Volatile Contamination in Vadose Zone Provides Path Forward for Site Closure New Approach to Assess Volatile Contamination in Vadose Zone Provides Path Forward for Site Closure April 24, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Conceptual site model for evaluating soil vapor extraction system performance to determine if the system should be optimized, terminated, or transitioned to another approach. Conceptual site model for evaluating soil vapor extraction system performance to determine if the system should be optimized, terminated, or transitioned to another approach. RICHLAND, Wash. and LOS ALAMOS, N.M. - Through the Deep Vadose Zone-Applied Field Research Initiative (DVZ-AFRI), scientists and engineers from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation

151

Volatility of HCl and the thermodynamics of brines during brine dryout  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Laboratory measurements of liquid-vapor partitioning (volatility) of chlorides from brines to steam can be used to indicate the potential for corrosion problems in geothermal systems. Measurements of volatilities of solutes in chloride brines have established a possible mechanism for the production of high-chloride steam from slightly acidic high temperature brines. Questions concerning the fate of NaCl in the steam production process have been addressed through extensive measurements of its volatility from brines ranging in concentration from dilute solutions to halite saturation. Recent measurements of chloride partitioning to steam over brines in contact with Geysers rock samples are consistent with our concept of the process for production of high-chloride steam.

Simonson, J.M.; Palmer, D.A.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Price volatility forecasting using artificial neural networks in emerging electricity markets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the adaptive short-term electricity price forecasting, it may be premature to rely solely on the hourly price forecast. The volatility of electricity price should also be analysed to provide additional insight on price forecasting. This paper proposes a price volatility module to analyse electricity price spikes and study the probability distribution of electricity price. Two methods are used to study the probability distribution of electricity price: the analytical method and the ANN method. Furthermore, ANN method is used to study the impact of line limits, line outages, generator outages, load pattern and bidding strategy on short term price forecasting, in addition to sensitivity analysis to determine the extent to which these factors impact price forecasting. Data used in this study are spot electricity prices from California market in the period which includes the crisis months where extreme volatility was observed.

Ahmad F. Al-Ajlouni; Hatim Y. Yamin; Ali Eyadeh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Tidal Wetlands Regulations (Connecticut)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Most activities occurring in or near tidal wetlands are regulated, and this section contains information on such activities and required permit applications for proposed activities. Applications...

154

Size-Dependent Mixing Characteristics of Volatile and Nonvolatile Components in Diesel Exhaust Aerosols  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Size-Dependent Mixing Characteristics of Volatile and Nonvolatile Components in Diesel Exhaust Aerosols ... Diesel exhaust particles that were size-selected in the first DMA were passed through the heater, and the change in particle size due to loss of volatile components was determined by the second DMA. ... Diesel exhaust particles are attracting significant attention with regards to their potential health effects (7?9) since they can be formed in high concentrations as ultrafine particles and can contain high levels of organic compounds and soot. ...

Hiromu Sakurai; Kihong Park; Peter H. McMurry; Darrick D. Zarling; David B. Kittelson; Paul J. Ziemann

2003-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

155

Market-oriented ethanol and corn-trade policies can reduce climate-induced US corn price volatility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Agriculture is closely affected by climate. Over the past decade, biofuels have emerged as another important factor shaping the agricultural sector. We ask whether the presence of the US ethanol sector can play a role in moderating increases in US corn price variability, projected to occur in response to near-term global warming. Our findings suggest that the answer to this question depends heavily on the underlying forces shaping the ethanol industry. If mandate-driven, there is little doubt that the presence of the corn-ethanol sector will exacerbate price volatility. However, if market-driven, then the emergence of the corn-ethanol sector can be a double-edged sword for corn price volatility, possibly cushioning the impact of increased climate driven supply volatility, but also inheriting volatility from the newly integrated energy markets via crude oil price fluctuations. We find that empirically the former effect dominates, reducing price volatility by 27%. In contrast, mandates on ethanol production increase future price volatility by 54% in under future climate after 2020. We also consider the potential for liberalized international corn trade to cushion corn price volatility in the US. Our results suggest that allowing corn to move freely internationally serves to reduce the impact of near-term climate change on US corn price volatility by 8%.

Monika Verma; Thomas Hertel; Noah Diffenbaugh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

The impact of acetate metabolism on yeast fermentative performance and wine quality: reduction of volatile acidity of grape musts and wines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Acetic acid is the main component of the volatile acidity of grape musts and wines. It can be formed as a by ... bacteria, which can metabolize residual sugars to increase volatile acidity. Acetic acid has a nega...

Alice Vilela-Moura; Dorit Schuller

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Boron Volatilization and Its Isotope Fractionation during Evaporation of Boron Solution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Evaporation experiments were undertaken to determine the volatility of parts-per-million concentrations of boron in water and dilute HCl in the presence and absence of equimolar mannitol and/or cesium. Multiple 10 mL aliquots prepared identically were ...

Y. K. Xiao; R. D. Vocke, Jr.; G. H. Swihart; Y. Xiao

1997-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

158

Separation and Volatility of Locational Marginal Prices in Restructured Wholesale Power Markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Test Bed I. INTRODUCTION THE wholesale power market design proposed by the U.S. Federal Energy1 Separation and Volatility of Locational Marginal Prices in Restructured Wholesale Power Markets (LMPs) in an ISO-managed restructured wholesale power market operating over an AC transmission grid

Tesfatsion, Leigh

159

Plant Odor Analysis of Potato: Response of Guatemalan Moth to Above- and Belowground Potato Volatiles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Plant Odor Analysis of Potato: Response of Guatemalan Moth to Above- and Belowground Potato Volatiles ... Potatoes were planted in fertilized and limed peat soil (NPK 180:90:195 g/m3; Hydro Agri AB, Landskrona, Sweden) in 5-L plastic pots. ...

Miriam Frida Karlsson; Gran Birgersson; Alba Marina Cotes Prado; Felipe Bosa; Marie Bengtsson; Peter Witzgall

2009-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

160

Auto-correlated behavior of WTI crude oil volatilities: A multiscale perspective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we investigate the long-range auto-correlated behavior of WTI crude oil volatility series employing multifractal detrended fluctuation analysis. Our findings show that the for small time scales, the auto-correlations of volatilities were multifractal while for large time scales, the auto-correlations were nearly monofractal. Based on multiscale analysis, we also investigate the dynamics of auto-correlations for different intervals of time scales and find that several shocks could make significant effects on the auto-correlated behaviors for small time scales. Analyzing the dynamics of multifractality degrees of auto-correlations for small time scales, we find that the stronger auto-correlations were always related to the lower degrees of multifractality. At last, we have discussions on the determination factors of price behavior, the predictive implications of scaling behavior in volatilities for oil markets and the reasons why long-range auto-correlations of volatility were always strong for both small time scales and large time scales. Our results are very important theoretically and practically.

Yudong Wang; Yu Wei; Chongfeng Wu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility rvp regulations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

A Tree's Response to Herbivory: Quantification of Biogenic Volatile Organic Compound Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Tree's Response to Herbivory: Quantification of Biogenic Volatile Organic Compound Emissions an abundant source of Secondary Organic Aerosols (SOA). These emissions are known to vary in quantity and composition due to both biogenic and anthropogenic stressors. In this study, BVOC emissions from bristlecone

Collins, Gary S.

162

LETTER doi:10.1038/nature13032 A large source of low-volatility secondary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of atmospheric aerosol1,2 , which is known to affect the Earth's radi- ation balance by scattering solar radiation and by acting as cloud condensation nuclei3 . The quantitative assessment of such climate abundant, essentially non- volatile organicvapours4­6 , but the sourcesand compositionsofsuch

Cai, Long

163

UV-C??Irradiated Arabidopsis and Tobacco Emit Volatiles That Trigger Genomic Instability in Neighboring Plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...impaired in both the production and the perception...is primed by the production of the mobile metabolite...through volatile organic compounds has been...depend on how many cell division cycles have...ankyrin repeats. Cell 88 : 57-63. Caputo...L. (2006). Solar ultraviolet-B radiation...

Youli Yao; Cristian H. Danna; Franz J. Zemp; Viktor Titov; Ozan Nazim Ciftci; Roman Przybylski; Frederick M. Ausubel; Igor Kovalchuk

2011-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

164

Fluid saturation and volatile partitioning between melts and hydrous fluids in crustal magmatic systems: The contribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

systems, experimental results on the solubility and partitioning of H2O, CO2, S, Cl, F and a few other ......................................................................... 2 Keywords: magmatic volatiles, solubility, water, carbon dioxide, sulfur, halogens 2 1 systems: The contribution of experimental measurements and solubility models Don R. Baker1 and Marina

Boyer, Edmond

165

Metabolism of 210Po in rats: volatile 210Po in excreta  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Laboratories, Atomic Energy of Canada Limited...as it emits high-energy alpha particles...stayed and in his own home. Release of volatile...Laboratories, Atomic Energy of Canada Limited...rat, their daily consumption of food and water...efficiency was 98.6 % (average of five replicates......

Chunsheng Li; Baki Sadi; Heather Wyatt; Michelle Bugden; Nicholas Priest; Diana Wilkinson; Gary H. Kramer

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Lunar apatite with terrestrial volatile abundances Jeremy W. Boyce1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is a high-Al basalt rich in K, rare-earth elements and P (KREEP), consisting dominantly of augite is texturally associated with anhedral apatite having variable Cl and rare-earth-element con- tents is thought to be depleted relative to the Earth in volatile elements such as H, Cl and the alkalis1

Perfect, Ed

167

A Critical Review on Studies of Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Sorption by  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Critical Review on Studies of Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Sorption by Building Materials (RP the pros and cons of existing sorption models, as well as experimental methods. In addition, it summarizes existing sorption data in order to understand the phenomenon of VOC sorption on building materials better

Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

168

Selective Trapping of Volatile Fission Products with an Off-Gas Treatment System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A head-end processing step, termed DEOX for its emphasis on decladding via oxidation, is being developed for the treatment of spent oxide fuel by pyroprocessing techniques. The head-end step employs high temperatures to oxidize UO2 to U3O8 resulting in the separation of fuel from cladding and the removal of volatile fission products. Development of the head-end step is being performed in collaboration with the Korean Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI) through an International Nuclear Energy Research Initiative. Following the initial experimentation for the removal of volatile fission products, an off-gas treatment system was designed in conjunction with KAERI to collect specific fission gases. The primary volatile species targeted for trapping were iodine, technetium, and cesium. Each species is intended to be collected in distinct zones of the off-gas system and within those zones, on individual filters. Separation of the volatile off-gases is achieved thermally as well as chemically given the composition of the filter media. A description of the filter media and a basis for its selection will be given along with the collection mechanisms and design considerations. In addition, results from testing with the off-gas treatment system will be presented.

B.R. Westphal; J.J. Park; J.M. Shin; G.I. Park; K.J. Bateman; D.L. Wahlquist

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Memory in Returns and Volatilities of Futures' Contracts BONNIE K. RAY*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Memory in Returns and Volatilities of Futures' Contracts NUNO CRATO BONNIE K. RAY* Various authors claim to have found evidence of stochastic long memory behavior in futures' contract returns using estimate of the long- memory parameter. Results based on these new methods provide no evidence for persis

Crato, Nuno

170

Accurate dispensing of volatile reagents on demand for chemical reactions in EWOD chips{  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accurate dispensing of volatile reagents on demand for chemical reactions in EWOD chips{ Huijiang the use of a filler liquid (e.g., oil). These properties pose challenges for delivering controlled volumes are introduced to the chip, independent of time delays between dispensing operations. On-demand dispensing

171

Indiana State Regulations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Indiana Indiana State Regulations: Indiana State of Indiana The Indiana Department of Natural Resources (DNR) Division of Oil and Gas regulates petroleum exploration, production, and site abandonment activities, underground injection control, test hole drilling, and geophysical surveying operations. Otherwise, the Indiana Department of Environmental Management (IDEM) administers the major environmental protection laws. Contact Division of Oil and Gas (Indianapolis Central Office) 402 West Washington Street, Room 293 Indianapolis, IN 46204 (317) 232-4055 (phone) (317) 232-1550 (fax) (Division Contacts) Indiana Department of Environmental Management P.O. Box 6015 Indianapolis, IN 46206-6015 (317) 232-8603 (phone) (317) 233-6647 (fax) Disposal Practices and Applicable Regulations

172

Oxidation and volatilization of a niobium alloy. Fusion Safety Program/Activation Products Task  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the findings from a preliminary investigation into oxidation and volatilization characteristics of a niobium alloy. Niobium is a candidate alloy for use in plasma facing components (PFCS) in experimental fusion reactors like the Intemational Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). An experimental alloy was tailored to simulate small changes in chemistry which could result from transmutations from irradiation. The alloy was exposed in air and steam between 800{degree}C and 1200{degree}C. Volatilized products and hydrogen were collected and measured. Post-test examinations were also performed on the samples to determine the amount of material loss during the exposures. The obtained measurements of volatilization flux (g/m{sup 2}-s), hydrogen generation rates (liters/m{sup 2}-s), and recession rates (mm/s) are data which can be used for safety analyses and material performance to predict consequences which may result from an accident involving the ingress of air or steam into the plasma chamber of fusion reactor. In our volatility tests, only molybdenum and niobium were found at release levels above the detection limit. Although molybdenum is present at only 0.12 wt%, the quantities of this element volatilized in air are nearly comparable to the quantities of niobium released. The niobium release in steam is only three to four times higher than that of molybdenum in steam. The hydrogen production of the niobium alloy is compared with other PFC materials that we have tested, specifically, beryllium, graphite, and a tunesten alloy. At high temperatures, the hydrogen production rate of the niobium alloy is among the lowest of these materials, significantly lower than beryllium. To understand what this means in an accident situation, modeling is necessary to predict temperatures, and therefore total hydrogen production. The INEL is currently doing this modeling.

Smolik, G.R.; McCarthy, K.A.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Interviewee Travel Regulations Scope  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3/2012 3/2012 Interviewee Travel Regulations Scope These regulations apply to the reimbursement of round-trip travel expenses incurred by interviewees. These regulations do not apply to applicants who live within a 50-mile radius of Los Alamos based on the Rand McNally Standard Highway Mileage Guide. Reimbursement With the exception of airfare, interviewees will be reimbursed for travel expenses according to Federal travel regulations. For interviewees, airfare reimbursement is limited to the lesser of the standard coach airfare or the actual amount paid. The lowest available airfare should be obtained based on the official business dates and locations. The reimbursement amount will be based on the most direct route available between the interviewee's residence and the laboratory. Costs incurred over the lowest available fare will be the

174

New Mexico State Regulations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New Mexico New Mexico State Regulations: New Mexico State of New Mexico The Oil Conservation Division (OCD) in the New Mexico Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department regulates oil and gas and geothermal operations in New Mexico. The OCD has the responsibility to gather oil and gas production data, permit new wells, establish pool rules and oil and gas allowables, issue discharge permits, enforce rules and regulations of the division, monitor underground injection wells and ensure that abandoned wells are properly plugged and the land is responsibly restored. Otherwise, the New Mexico Environment Department (NMED) administers the major environmental protection laws. The Water Quality Control Commission (WQCC), which is administratively attached to the NMED, assigns responsibility for administering its regulations to constituent agencies, including the OCD.

175

GUIDANCE REGARDING NEPA REGULATIONS  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

This memorandum was published in the Federal Register and appears at 48 Fed. Reg. 34263 (1983). Ed. Note] This memorandum was published in the Federal Register and appears at 48 Fed. Reg. 34263 (1983). Ed. Note] GUIDANCE REGARDING NEPA REGULATIONS 40 CFR Part 1500 Executive Office of the President Council on Environmental Quality 722 Jackson Place, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20006 July 22, 1983 Memorandum For: Heads of Federal Agencies From: A. Alan Hill, Chairman Re: Guidance Regarding NEPA Regulations The Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) regulations implementing the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) were issued on November 29, 1978. These regulations became effective for, and binding upon, most federal agencies on July 30, 1979, and for all remaining federal agencies on November 30, 1979. As part of the Council's NEPA oversight responsibilities it solicited through an August 14,

176

Virginia State Regulations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Virginia Virginia State Regulations: Virginia State of Virginia The Division of Gas and Oil in the Virginia Department of Mines, Minerals and Energy (DMME) regulates the effects of gas and oil operations both on and below the surface. The Virginia Gas and Oil Board is to foster, encourage, and promote the safe and efficient exploration for and development, production, and utilization of gas and oil resources. Otherwise, three regulatory citizen boards are responsible for adopting Virginia 's environmental regulations. The Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) staff administers the regulations as approved by the boards. Finally, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 3, through its Water Protection Division, administers Class II underground injection control (UIC) programs in Virginia in direct implementation.

177

California Energy Commission REGULATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California Energy Commission REGULATIONS NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING ENERGY Office Manager High Performance Buildings and Standards Development Office Dave Ashuckian Deputy Director Efficiency and Renewable Energy Division Robert Oglesby Executive Director DISCLAIMER

178

A Furnace Temperature Regulator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Synopsis.By making the heating coil of an electric furnace one arm of a wheatstone bridge, and combining this with a galvanometer regulator, thus keeping constant the resistance of the coil, we can, regardless of variations in the current supply, and with no attention, maintain constant the temperature of furnaces not too directly influenced by the temperature of the room, or where the surrounding air is kept constant. The power available in this regulator is relatively very great indeed; nothing has to be inserted within the furnace cavity, and the lag is practically nothing; the regulator is often almost at its best under conditions most unfavorable to other regulators. It has held a small furnace constant to 0.1 for hours at temperatures from 500 to 1400.

Walter P. White and Leason H. Adams.

1919-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Product Volatilization as a Probe of the Physics and Chemistry of Latent Image Formation in Chemically Amplified Resists,  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Product Volatilization as a Probe of the Physics and Chemistry of Latent Image Formation in Chemically Amplified Resists, ... The products pass through an all-glass line that uses a high-flow gas stream to extract a small fraction of the product gases through a capillary for analysis. ... Because the rates of each of the sequential steps leading to thickness lossdeprotection, volatilization, and densificationcan be no slower than the overall observed rate of densification, the data in Table 3 provide a lower limit for the rates of volatilization and film densification at 100 C. ...

W. D. Hinsberg; F. A. Houle; G. M. Poliskie; D. Pearson; M. I. Sanchez; H. Ito

2002-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

180

Quantifying the value that energy efficiency and renewable energy provide as a hedge against volatile natural gas prices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Advocates of energy efficiency and renewable energy have long argued that such technologies can mitigate fuel price risk within a resource portfolio. Such arguments--made with renewed vigor in the wake of unprecedented natural gas price volatility during the winter of 2000/2001--have mostly been qualitative in nature, however, with few attempts to actually quantify the price stability benefit that these sources provide. In evaluating this benefit, it is important to recognize that alternative price hedging instruments are available--in particular, gas-based financial derivatives (futures and swaps) and physical, fixed-price gas contracts. Whether energy efficiency and renewable energy can provide price stability at lower cost than these alternative means is therefore a key question for resource acquisition planners. In this paper we evaluate the cost of hedging gas price risk through financial hedging instruments. To do this, we compare the price of a 10-year natural gas swap (i.e., what it costs to lock in prices over the next 10 years) to a 10-year natural gas price forecast (i.e., what the market is expecting spot natural gas prices to be over the next 10 years). We find that over the past two years natural gas users have had to pay a premium as high as $0.76/mmBtu (0.53/242/kWh at an aggressive 7,000 Btu/kWh heat rate) over expected spot prices to lock in natural gas prices for the next 10 years. This incremental cost to hedge gas price risk exposure is potentially large enough - particularly if incorporated by policymakers and regulators into decision-making practices - to tip the scales away from new investments in variable-price, natural gas-fired generation and in favor of fixed-price investments in energy efficiency and renewable energy.

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Bachrach, Devra; Golove, William

2002-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility rvp regulations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Wyoming State Regulations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Wyoming Wyoming State Regulations: Wyoming State of Wyoming The Wyoming Oil and Gas Conservation Commission (WOGCC) is the state agency authorized to regulate oil and gas exploration and production waste. The Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) administers general environmental protection regulations. Contact Wyoming Oil and Gas Conservation Commission 2211 King Blvd. Casper, WY 82602 (street address) P.O. Box 2640 Casper, WY 82602 (mailing address) (307) 234-7147 (phone) (307) 234-5306 (fax) Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality 122 West 25th Street, Herscheler Building Cheyenne, WY 82002 (307) 777-7937 (phone) (307) 777-7682 (fax) Disposal Practices and Applicable Regulations Document # 4855, Agency (Oil and Gas Conservation Commission), General Agency, Board or Commission Rules, Chapter 4 (Environmental Rules, Including Underground Injection Control Program Rules for Enhanced Recovery and Disposal Projects), Section 1. Pollution and Surface Damage (Forms 14A and 14B) of the Wyoming Rules and Regulations contains the environmental rules administered by the WOGCC with respect to management options for exploration and production waste.

182

The impact of crude-oil price volatility on agricultural employment in the United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study focuses on the impact of fluctuations in the price of crude oil on agricultural employment in the United States. After reviewing previous assessments of the issue, the existence of an empirical relationship between agricultural employment and crude oil price volatility is established using Granger causality. Subsequently, the nature of the relationship is estimated with the results suggesting that at least three full years are required before the measurable impacts of a percentage change in the real price of crude oil on the change in agricultural employment are exhausted. Finally, the structural stability of the functional relationship between the change in agricultural employment and the volatility of the price of crude oil, the percentage changes in expected net farm income, realized technological innovation, and the wage rate is examined.

Uri, N.D. [Dept. of Agriculture, Washington, DC (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

183

DOI: 10.1002/ejic.200600960 Synthesis and Sublimation Kinetics of a Highly Volatile Asymmetric Iron(II)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FULL PAPER DOI: 10.1002/ejic.200600960 Synthesis and Sublimation Kinetics of a Highly Volatile: Asymmetric iron(II) amidinate / Bridging ligands / Metathesis / Sublimation kinetics / Thermochemistry properties have been the subject of intense investigations in chemistry, electronics, optics, energy

184

Photochemical Modeling of Emissions Trading of Highly Reactive Volatile Organic Compounds in Houston, Texas. 2. Incorporation of Chlorine Emissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As part of the State Implementation Plan for attaining the National Ambient Air Quality Standard for ozone, the Texas Commission of Environmental Quality has created a Highly Reactive Volatile Organic Compounds (HRVOC) Emissions Cap and Trade Program for ...

Linlin Wang; Tammy Thompson; Elena C. McDonald-Buller; David T. Allen

2007-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

185

Volatiles from potato plants infected with potato leafroll virus attract and arrest the virus vector, Myzus persicae (Homoptera: Aphididae)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

7 March 2002 research-article Volatiles from potato plants infected with potato leafroll virus attract and arrest the virus vector...previously reported preferential colonization of potatoes infected by potato leafroll virus (genus Polerovirus...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

PII S0016-7037(01)00802-X Volatilization kinetics of silicon carbide in reducing gases: An experimental study with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PII S0016-7037(01)00802-X Volatilization kinetics of silicon carbide in reducing gases occurring hexagonal sili- con carbide ( -SiC), and -SiC, the cubic form, are occasion- ally reported

Grossman, Lawrence

187

The Impact of Tax Shocks and Oil Price Volatility on Risk - A Study of North Sea Oilfield Projects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine the impact of market volatility and increased fiscal take on risk in strategic natural resource projects. An increase in 2006 UK oilfield taxation is used as a natural experiment for assessing the impact of a ...

Kretzschmar, Gavin Lee; Moles, Peter

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Evaluation of the colossal electroresistance (CER) effect and its application in the non-volatile Resistive Random Access Memory (RRAM)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Flash memory, the current leading technology for non-volatile memory (NVM), is projected by many to run obsolete in the face of future miniaturization trend in the semiconductor devices due to some of its technical ...

Wicaksono, Aulia Tegar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Michigan State Regulations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Michigan Michigan State Regulations: Michigan State of Michigan The Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ), through the Supervisor of Wells, Geological and Land Management Division (GLM), oversees the regulation of oil and gas activities. DEQ staff monitors the environmental impacts of well drilling operations, oil and gas production facilities, and gas storage wells. Contact Michigan Department of Environmental Quality Geological and Land Management Division P.O. Box 30256 Lansing, MI 48909-7756 (517) 241-1515 (phone) (517) 241-1601 (fax) (Organization Chart) Disposal Practices and Applicable Regulations The rules governing oil and gas operations are contained in Part 615, Rules 324.101-324.1301 (Department of Environmental Quality, Oil and Gas Operations) of the Michigan Administrative Code.

190

Source Signature of Volatile Organic Compounds from Oil and Natural Gas Operations in Northeastern Colorado  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Source Signature of Volatile Organic Compounds from Oil and Natural Gas Operations in Northeastern Colorado ... Only 4% of all samples at BAO had high ROH+VOCO&NG and were from the western sector where the nearest wells are located indicating that they were not the dominant O&NG source at BAO. ... parameters were measured concurrently at a site on the western perimeter of Boulder, Colorado, during Feb., 1991. ...

J. B. Gilman; B. M. Lerner; W. C. Kuster; J. A. de Gouw

2013-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

191

Ammonia volatilization from surface application of ammonium sulfate to carbonate systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

correspond- 3 ed to the simultaneous loss of H 0 and NH . Jewitt (1942) showed that as H 0 loss increased due to evaporation the amount of NH volatilized increased on four alkaline Sudan soils when (NHL?) 2SOL? was surface appli- ed. He proposed...?OH, (IKt) CO , or NH~HCO depending upon the factors mentioned above. This suggests a rather complicated reaction mechanism. Duplessis and Kroontje (1964) also supported Jewitt's (1942) mechanism. In their experiment, (NHL?) SOL? wes surface applied...

Feagley, Sam Edward

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Performance specifications for technology development: Application for characterization of volatile organic compounds in the environment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains information about technology development for the monitoring and remediation of environmental pollution caused by the release of volatile organic compounds. Topics discussed include: performance specification processes, gas chromatography, mass spectrometer, fiber-optic chemical sensors, infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, piezoelectric sensors and electrochemical sensors. These methods are analyzed for their cost efficiency, accuracy, and the ability to meet the needs of the customer.

Carpenter, S.E.; Doskey, P.V.; Erickson, M.D.; Lindahl, P.C.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

ABSORPTION DES ACIDES GRAS VOLATILS DANS L'OMASUM DE LA VACHE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ABSORPTION DES ACIDES GRAS VOLATILS DANS L'OMASUM DE LA VACHE C. DARDILLAT Station de rôle du feuillet et ses capacités d'absorption sont très mal connus car il est difficile d'accé- der à cet organe sans perturber son fonctionnement. Nous avons fixé par effet ventouse une chambre d'absorption

Boyer, Edmond

194

Regulated underground storage tanks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This guidance package is designed to assist DOE Field operations by providing thorough guidance on the underground storage tank (UST) regulations. (40 CFR 280). The guidance uses tables, flowcharts, and checklists to provide a roadmap'' for DOE staff who are responsible for supervising UST operations. This package is tailored to address the issues facing DOE facilities. DOE staff should use this guidance as: An overview of the regulations for UST installation and operation; a comprehensive step-by-step guidance for the process of owning and operating an UST, from installation to closure; and a quick, ready-reference guide for any specific topic concerning UST ownership or operation.

Not Available

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Regulated underground storage tanks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This guidance package is designed to assist DOE Field operations by providing thorough guidance on the underground storage tank (UST) regulations. [40 CFR 280]. The guidance uses tables, flowcharts, and checklists to provide a ``roadmap`` for DOE staff who are responsible for supervising UST operations. This package is tailored to address the issues facing DOE facilities. DOE staff should use this guidance as: An overview of the regulations for UST installation and operation; a comprehensive step-by-step guidance for the process of owning and operating an UST, from installation to closure; and a quick, ready-reference guide for any specific topic concerning UST ownership or operation.

Not Available

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Estimation of ammonia volatilization from surface-applied urea as indicated by bermudagrass N-use efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ESTIMATION OF AMMONIA VOLATILIZATION FROM SURFACE-APPLIED UREA AS INDICATED BY BERMUDAGRASS N-USE EFFICIENCY A Thesis by JOHN MATTHEW DRWAL Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1986 Major Subject: Soil Science ESTIMATION OF AMMONIA VOLATILIZATION FROM SURFACE-APPLIED UREA AS INDICATED BY BERMUDAGRASS N-USE EFFICIENCY A Thesis by JOHN MATTHEW DRWAL Approved as to style and content by...

Drwal, John Matthew

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

197

NOTE SUR LES EFFETS DE L'INFUSION PERMANENTE D'UN MLANGE D'ACIDES GRAS VOLATILS DANS LE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NOTE SUR LES EFFETS DE L'INFUSION PERMANENTE D'UN M?LANGE D'ACIDES GRAS VOLATILS DANS LE RUMEN DU problèmes techniques : infusion permanente et prolongée, dans le rumen, de quantités d'acides gras volatils début de l'infusion, les veaux étaient âgés d'environ 4 mois et pesaient respectivement 95 et 80 kg

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

198

Cancer risks from soil emissions of volatile organic compounds at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The emission isolation flux chamber (EIFC) methodology was applied to Superfund investigations at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Site 300 to determine if on-site workers were exposed to VOCs volatilizing from the subsurface and what, if any, health risks could be attributed to the inhalation of the VOCs volatilizing from the subsurface. During July and August of 1996, twenty, eighteen, and twenty six VOC soil vapor flux samples were collected in the Building 830, 832, and 854 areas, respectively using EIFCS. The VOC concentrations in the vapor samples were used to calculate soil flux rates which were used as input into an air dispersion model to calculate ambient air exposure-point concentrations. The exposure-point concentrations were compared to EPA Region IX Preliminary Remediation Goals (PRGs). Buildings 830 and 832 exposure-point concentrations were less then the PRGs therefore no cancer risks were calculated. The cancer risks for Building 854 ranged from 1.6 x 10{sup -7} to 2.1 x 10{sup -6}. The resultant inhalation cancer risks were all within the acceptable range, implying that on-site workers were not exposed to VOC vapors volatilizing from the subsurface soil that could have significant cancer risks. Therefore remediation in these areas would not be necessary.

Dibley, V. R., LLNL

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Design of Optimal Regulators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Current research suggests the use of a liner quadratic performance index for optimal control of regulators in various applications. Some examples include correcting the trajectory of rocket and air vehicles, vibration suppression of flexible structures, and airplane stability. In all these cases, the focus is in suppressing/decreasing system deviations rapidly. However, if one compares the Linear Quadratic Regulator (LQR) solution with optimal solutions (minimum time), it is seen that the LQR solution is less than optimal in some cases indeed (3-6) times that obtained using a minimum time solution. Moreover, the LQR solution is sometimes unacceptable in practice due to the fact that values of control extend beyond admissible limits and thus the designer must choose coefficients in the linear quadratic form, which are unknown. The authors suggest methods which allow finding a quasi-optimal LQR solution with bounded control which is closed to the minimum time solution. They also remand the process of the minimum time decision. Keywords: Optimal regulator, minimum time controller, Linear Quadratic Regulator (LQR). -- This paper is declared a work of the U.S. Government and not subject to copyright protection in the USA. The manuscript is accepted as paper AIAA-2003-6638 by 2nd AIAA Unmanned Unlimited Systems, Technologies, and Operations-Aerospace, Land, and See Conference and Workshop - Exhibit, San Diego, California, USA, 15-18 Sep. 2003.

Alexander Bolonkin; Robert Sierakowski

2007-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

200

Emotion Regulation CONCEPTUAL FOUNDATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in emotion and emotion regulation. 3 This is a chapter excerpt from Guilford Publications. Handbook, Hofer, & Vaughan, this volume; Shaver & Mikulincer, this volume), and even in physical illness (Sapolsky with a gossipy clerk counts. So does amusement at a cartoon, anger at economic disparities around the world

Gross, James J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility rvp regulations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Emotion Regulation JAMES J. GROSS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHAPTER 31 ·Emotion Regulation JAMES J. GROSS Have you ever gotten so angry that you've done), and self-regulation (Mischel, Shoda, & Rodriguez, 1989). What is new are the theoretical and empiri cal

Gross, James J.

202

California State Regulations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

California California State Regulations: California State of California The California Department of Conservation's Division of Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Resources oversees the drilling, operation, maintenance, and plugging and abandonment of oil, natural gas, and geothermal wells. The regulatory program emphasizes the development of oil, natural gas, and geothermal resources in the state through sound engineering practices that protect the environment, prevent pollution, and ensure public safety. Other agencies that may be involved in the regulation of drilling wastes include the State Water Resources Control Board and appropriate Regional Water Quality Control Boards, the California Integrated Waste Management Board, the California Air Resources Board and appropriate Air Quality Management Districts or Air Pollution Control Districts, and the Department of Toxic Substances Control.

203

North Dakota State Regulations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

North Dakota North Dakota State Regulations: North Dakota State of North Dakota The North Dakota Industrial Commission (NDIC), through its Oil and Gas Division (OGD), is the regulatory agency for oil and gas exploration and production activities in North Dakota. The North Dakota Department of Health (NDDH) Environmental Health Section (EHS) has the responsibility to safeguard the quality of North Dakota's air, land, and water resources. Contact North Dakota Industrial Commission Oil and Gas Division 600 East Boulevard Avenue, Dept. 405 Bismarck, ND 58505-0840 (701) 328-8020 (phone) (701) 328-8022 (fax) North Dakota Department of Health Environmental Health Section 1200 Missouri Avenue P.O. Box 5520 Bismarck, ND 58506-5520 (701) 328-5150 (phone) (701) 328-5200 (fax) Disposal Practices and Applicable Regulations

204

Nevada State Regulations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Nevada Nevada State Regulations: Nevada State of Nevada The Nevada Division of Minerals (Nevada Commission of Mineral Resources) administers programs and activities to further the responsible development and production of Nevada's mineral resources, including the regulation of oil- and gas-well drilling operations. Otherwise, the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (Nevada Department of Conservation and Mineral Resources) administers the major environmental protection laws. Contact Nevada Division of Minerals (Carson City Office) 400 West King Street, Suite 106 Carson City, NV 89703 (775) 684-7040 (phone) (775) 684-7052 (fax) (Las Vegas Office) 2030 East Flamingo Road, Suite 220 Las Vegas, NV 89119 (702) 486-4343 (phone) (702) 486-4345 (fax) Nevada Division of Environmental Protection

205

Colorado State Regulations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Colorado Colorado State Regulations: Colorado State of Colorado The Colorado Oil and Gas Conservation Commission (COGCC), a division of the Department of Natural Resources (DNR), regulates oil and gas activities in Colorado. The COGCC has broad statutory authority with respect to impacts on any air, water, soil, or biological resources resulting from oil and gas operations. The COGCC implements the state ground water standards and classifications as they relate to oil and gas exploration and production (E&P) activities. The COGCC has jurisdiction for all Class II injection wells except those on Indian lands. The COGCC has jurisdiction for the management of all E&P wastes except at commercial disposal facilities. The Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (CDPHE) administers the environmental protection laws related to air quality, waste discharge to surface water, and commercial disposal facilities.

206

Kansas State Regulations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Kansas Kansas State Regulations: Kansas State of Kansas The Kansas Corporation Commission (KCC) Conservation Division regulates oil and gas operations and protects correlative rights and environmental resources. Otherwise, the Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE) administers the major environmental protection laws. Contact Kansas Corporation Commission (Main Office) 1500 S.W. Arrowhead Road Topeka, KS 66604-2425 (785) 271-3100 (phone) (785) 271-3354 (fax) Conservation Division Finney State Office Building 130 South Market, Room 2078 Wichita, KS 67202-3802 (316) 337-6200 (phone) (316) 337-6211 (fax) Kansas Department of Health and Environment Charles Curtis State Office Building 1000 S.W. Jackson Topeka, KS 66612 (785) 296-1500 (phone) (785) 368-6368 (fax)

207

Oklahoma State Regulations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Oklahoma Oklahoma State Regulations: Oklahoma State of Oklahoma The Oklahoma Corporation Commission (OCC), through the Oil and Gas Division, assists the domestic oil and gas industry, protects and preserves the environment, and conserves the natural resources. General environmental protection regulations are administered by the Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ). Contact Oklahoma Corporation Commission Oil and Gas Division P.O. Box 52000 Oklahoma City, OK 73152-2000 (mailing address) (405) 521-2302 (phone) 2101 North Lincoln Blvd. Oklahoma City, OK 73105 (street address) Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality P.O. Box 1677 Oklahoma City, OK 73101-1677 (mailing address) 707 North Robinson Oklahoma City, OK 73102 (street address) (405) 702-1000 (phone)

208

Regulation of Meiotic Recombination  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Meiotic recombination results in the heritable rearrangement of DNA, primarily through reciprocal exchange between homologous chromosome or gene conversion. In plants these events are critical for ensuring proper chromosome segregation, facilitating DNA repair and providing a basis for genetic diversity. Understanding this fundamental biological mechanism will directly facilitate trait mapping, conventional plant breeding, and development of genetic engineering techniques that will help support the responsible production and conversion of renewable resources for fuels, chemicals, and the conservation of energy (1-3). Substantial progress has been made in understanding the basal recombination machinery, much of which is conserved in organisms as diverse as yeast, plants and mammals (4, 5). Significantly less is known about the factors that regulate how often and where that basal machinery acts on higher eukaryotic chromosomes. One important mechanism for regulating the frequency and distribution of meiotic recombination is crossover interference - or the ability of one recombination event to influence nearby events. The MUS81 gene is thought to play an important role in regulating the influence of interference on crossing over. The immediate goals of this project are to use reverse genetics to identify mutants in two putative MUS81 homologs in the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana, characterize those mutants and initiate a novel forward genetic screen for additional regulators of meiotic recombination. The long-term goal of the project is to understand how meiotic recombination is regulated in higher eukaryotes with an emphasis on the molecular basis of crossover interference. The ability to monitor recombination in all four meiotic products (tetrad analysis) has been a powerful tool in the arsenal of yeast geneticists. Previously, the qrt mutant of Arabidopsis, which causes the four pollen products of male meiosis to remain attached, was developed as a facile system for assaying recombination using tetrad analysis in a higher eukaryotic system (6). This system enabled the measurement of the frequency and distribution of recombination events at a genome wide level in wild type Arabidopsis (7), construction of genetic linkage maps which include positions for each centromere (8), and modeling of the strength and pattern of interference (9). This proposal extends the use of tetrad analysis in Arabidopsis by using it as the basis for assessing the phenotypes of mutants in genes important for recombination and the regulation of crossover interference and performing a novel genetic screen. In addition to broadening our knowledge of a classic genetic problem - the regulation of recombination by crossover interference - this proposal also provides broader impact by: generating pedagogical tools for use in hands-on classroom experience with genetics, building interdisciplinary collegial partnerships, and creating a platform for participation by junior scientists from underrepresented groups. There are three specific aims: (1) Isolate mutants in Arabidopsis MUS81 homologs using T-DNA and TILLING (2) Characterize recombination levels and interference in mus81 mutants (3) Execute a novel genetic screen, based on tetrad analysis, for genes that regulate meiotic recombination

Gregory p. Copenhaver

2011-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

209

Computing Borel's Regulator II.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In our earlier article we described a power series formula for the Borel regulator evaluated on the odd-dimensional homology of the general linear group of a number field and, concentrating on dimension three for simplicity, described a computer algorithm which calculates the value to any chosen degree of accuracy. In this sequel we give an algorithm for the construction of the input homology classes and describe the results of one cyclotomic field computation.

Zacky Choo; Wajid Mannan; Rubn J. Snchez-Garca; Victor P. Snaith

210

Temperature controlled high voltage regulator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A temperature controlled high voltage regulator for automatically adjusting the high voltage applied to a radiation detector is described. The regulator is a solid state device that is independent of the attached radiation detector, enabling the regulator to be used by various models of radiation detectors, such as gas flow proportional radiation detectors.

Chiaro, Jr., Peter J. (Clinton, TN); Schulze, Gerald K. (Knoxville, TN)

2004-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

211

Improving CS regulations.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

President Carter issued Executive Order 12044 (3/28/78) that required all Federal agencies to distinguish between significant and insignificant regulations, and to determine whether a regulation will result in major impacts. This study gathered information on the impact of the order and the guidelines on the Office of Conservation and Solar Energy (CS) regulatory practices, investigated problems encountered by the CS staff when implementing the order and guidelines, and recommended solutions to resolve these problems. Major tasks accomplished and discussed are: (1) legislation, Executive Orders, and DOE Memoranda concerning Federal administrative procedures relevant to the development and analysis of regulations within CS reviewed; (2) relevant DOE Orders and Memoranda analyzed and key DOE and CS staff interviewed in order to accurately describe the current CS regulatory process; (3) DOE staff from the Office of the General Counsel, the Office of Policy and Evaluation, the Office of the Environment, and the Office of the Secretary interviewed to explore issues and problems encountered with current CS regulatory practices; (4) the regulatory processes at five other Federal agencies reviewed in order to see how other agencies have approached the regulatory process, dealt with specific regulatory problems, and responded to the Executive Order; and (5) based on the results of the preceding four tasks, recommendations for potential solutions to the CS regulatory problems developed. (MCW)

Nesse, R.J.; Scheer, R.M.; Marasco, A.L.; Furey, R.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Fate of anthropogenic cyclic volatile methylsiloxanes in a wastewater treatment plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The fate of cyclic volatile methylsiloxanes (cVMS) octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4), decamethylcyclopentasiloxane (D5), and dodecamethylcyclohexasiloxane (D6) was evaluated in a typical secondary activated sludge wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). Water samples (influent, primary effluent, and final effluent) and sludge (primary sludge and waste activated sludge) samples were collected at overnight low, morning high, afternoon low, and evening high flows. Concentrations of cVMS in influents fluctuated with the influent flows, ranging from 0.166 to 1.13?gL?1, 3.4719.3?gL?1, and 0.4463.87?gL?1 for D4, D5, and D6, respectively. Mass balance analysis of cVMS showed the average mass of D4, D5, and D6 entering and exiting the plant in influent and effluent, respectively, were 109gd?1, 2050gd?1, 280gd?1, and 1.41gd?1, 27.0gd?1, 1.90gd?1. The total removal efficiency of cVMS was >96%. To elucidate their detailed removal mechanisms, Mackay's fugacity-based treatment plant model was used to simulate the fate of cVMS through the WWTP. Due to the unusual combination of high hydrophobicity and volatility of cVMS, volatilization in the aeration tank and adsorption to sludge were the two main pathways of cVMS removal from water in this WWTP based on the experimental and modeled results. The morning and evening high influent mass flows contributed almost equally at approximately 40% of the total daily cVMS mass, with D5 accounting for the majority of this daily loading.

De-Gao Wang; Monica Aggarwal; Tara Tait; Samantha Brimble; Grazina Pacepavicius; Laura Kinsman; Mike Theocharides; Shirley Anne Smyth; Mehran Alaee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Modelling and forecasting fossil fuels, CO2 and electricity prices and their volatilities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the current uncertain context that affects both the world economy and the energy sector, with the rapid increase in the prices of oil and gas and the very unstable political situation that affects some of the largest raw materials producers, there is a need for developing efficient and powerful quantitative tools that allow to model and forecast fossil fuel prices, CO2 emission allowances prices as well as electricity prices. This will improve decision making for all the agents involved in energy issues. Although there are papers focused on modelling fossil fuel prices, CO2 prices and electricity prices, the literature is scarce on attempts to consider all of them together. This paper focuses on both building a multivariate model for the aforementioned prices and comparing its results with those of univariate ones, in terms of prediction accuracy (univariate and multivariate models are compared for a large span of days, all in the first 4 months in 2011) as well as extracting common features in the volatilities of the prices of all these relevant magnitudes. The common features in volatility are extracted by means of a conditionally heteroskedastic dynamic factor model which allows to solve the curse of dimensionality problem that commonly arises when estimating multivariate GARCH models. Additionally, the common volatility factors obtained are useful for improving the forecasting intervals and have a nice economical interpretation. Besides, the results obtained and methodology proposed can be useful as a starting point for risk management or portfolio optimization under uncertainty in the current context of energy markets.

Carolina Garca-Martos; Julio Rodrguez; Mara Jess Snchez

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Oxidation of volatiles in residential wood burning equipment. Final technical report, September 1980-February 1984  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objectives of this project are to measure, through the use of laboratory combustors, those conditions which promote complete combustion of wood volatiles in residential wood burning equipment. The conditions of interest are combustion temperature, residence time, stoichiometry, and air mixing. The project objectives are met through two laboratory approaches: (1) model compound studies: in order to measure the overall rates of oxidative pyrolysis of biomass volatiles, and to determine the types of intermediate organic species which are likely to form as part of this process, model compounds have been reacted in a specialized jet-stirred reactor, which has been developed as part of this research. (2) high-intensity wood combustion: in order to study the clean combustion of wood, that is, to investigate the conceptual design features required for clean burning, and to ascertain the levels and types of pollutant and condensible species which are most difficult to oxidize, a high-intensity, research wood combustor has been developed and examined for the different phases of the wood burning cycle. Although the objectives of the project have been met, it has not been possible, because of support limitations, to thoroughly explore several interesting aspects which have arisen because of this research. For example, a third laboratory system in which wood pyrolysis gas is injected directly into the a well characterized reactor, so that the kinetics and mechanisms of the gas-phase reaction of the actual biomass volatiles can be studied, could not be thoroughly developed. Refinements in the high-intensity wood combustor, which would bring its design features closer to practicality for the industry, could not be considered. 32 references, 37 figures, 10 tables.

Malte, P.C.; Thornton, M.M.; Kamber, P.D.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

A study of Shanghai fuel oil futures price volatility based on high frequency data: Long-range dependence, modeling and forecasting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In existing researches, the investigations of oil price volatility are always performed based on daily data and squared daily return is always taken as the proxy of actual volatility. However, it is widely accepted that the popular realized volatility (RV) based on high frequency data is a more robust measure of actual volatility than squared return. Due to this motivation, we investigate dynamics of daily volatility of Shanghai fuel oil futures prices employing 5-minute high frequency data. First, using a nonparametric method, we find that RV displays strong long-range dependence and recent financial crisis can cause a lower degree of long-range dependence. Second, we model daily volatility using RV models and GARCH-class models. Our results indicate that RV models for intraday data overwhelmingly outperform GARCH-class models for daily data in forecasting fuel oil price volatility, regardless the proxy of actual volatility. Finally, we investigate the major source of such volatile prices and found that trader activity has major contribution to fierce variations of fuel oil prices.

Li Liu; Jieqiu Wan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Volatile tritiated organic acids in stack effluents and in air surrounding contaminated materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A small fraction of the tritium released into the atmosphere from tritium-handling or solid waste storage facilities was shown to be in the form of volatile organic acids. The same compounds were also found, but at a much higher proportion, in the tritium evolved at room temperature from highly contaminated materials placed under air atmospheres. This might be due to the oxidation and labeling of hydrocarbon(s) by mechanisms that are presumably of a radiolytic nature. The new forms could have an impact on operational requirements and waste management strategies within a tritium facility and a fusion reactor hall. Further data are needed to assess the related doses.

Belot, Y.; Camus, H.; Marini, T.; Raviart, S. (Institut de Protection et de Surete Nucleaire (France))

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Photo-activated luminescence sensor and method of detecting trichloroethylene and related volatile organochloride compounds  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A sensor for detecting trichloroethylene and related volatile organochloride compounds uses a photo-activator that produces a photo-product complex with the contaminant. Characteristics of the light emitted from the complex will indicate the presence of the contaminant. A probe containing the photo-activator has an excitation light interface and a contaminant interface. One particular embodiment uses a porous membrane as the contaminant interface, so that the contaminant can migrate therethrough to the photo-activator and thereby form the complex.

Dinh, Tuan V. (Knoxville, TN)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Photo-activated luminescence sensor and method of detecting trichloroethylene and related volatile organochloride compounds  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A sensor for detecting trichloroethylene and related volatile organochloride compounds uses a photo-activator that produces a photo-product complex with the contaminant. Characteristics of the light emitted from the complex will indicate the presence of the contaminant. A probe containing the photo-activator has an excitation light interface and a contaminant interface. One particular embodiment uses a porous membrane as the contaminant interface, so that the contaminant can migrate there through to the photo-activator and thereby form the complex. 23 figs.

Dinh, T.V.

1996-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

219

Long-Term Growth and Short-Term Volatility: The Labour Market Nexus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(1997) and (2000), Black- burn and Galindev (2003), show that when the knowledge (embodied or disembodied) accumulation externality works only through labour, volatility will be detrimental to growth. However, De Hek (1999), going back to Romers (1986... where mpt ? MtPtKt . Equation (10) also tells us that inflation pit+1 = Pt+1Pt ? 1 evolves according to: (1 + pit)(1 + gt) = at. (29) Coming to the labour market equilibrium, (17) in terms of stationary variables be- comes: Lt = (?2atbtEt?1Lta?1t ??ct...

Annicchiarico, B; Corrado, Luisa; Pelloni, A

220

Literature review of stabilization/solidification of volatile organic compounds and the implications for Hanford grouts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A literature review was conducted on the stabilization/solidification of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Based on this literature, it is likely that the limestone-containing grout will not permanently immobilize VOCs and that no presently available additives can guarantee permanent immobilization. The Westinghouse hanford company grout may be fairly effective at retarding aqueous leaching of VOCs, and commercial additives can improve this performance. Significant VOC losses do occur during stabilization/solidification, and the high temperatures of the Westinghouse Hanford Company waste and grout should exacerbate this problem. In fact, these high temperatures raise doubts about the presence of VOCs in the double-shell tanks supernates.

Spence, R.D.; Osborne, S.C.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility rvp regulations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Texas State Regulations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Texas Texas State Regulations: Texas State of Texas The Railroad Commission of Texas (RCC), through the Oil and Gas Division, administers oil and gas exploration, development, and production operations, except for oil and gas leasing, royalty payments, surface damages through oil and gas operations, and operator-landowner contracts. The RCC and the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ), formerly, the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission (TNRCC), have entered into a Memorandum of Understanding clarifying jurisdiction over oil field wastes generated in connection with oil and gas exploration, development, and production. The RCC Oil and Gas Division operates nine district offices, each staffed with field enforcement and support personnel.

222

Self-regulating valve  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A variable, self-regulating valve having a hydraulic loss coefficient proportional to a positive exponential power of the flow rate. The device includes two objects in a flow channel and structure which assures that the distance between the two objects is an increasing function of the flow rate. The range of spacing between the objects is such that the hydraulic resistance of the valve is an increasing function of the distance between the two objects so that the desired hydraulic loss coefficient as a function of flow rate is obtained without variation in the flow area.

Humphreys, D.A.

1982-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

223

Generation risk assessment in volatile conditions with wind, hydro, and natural gas units  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper studies a generating company (GENCO)s midterm (a few months to a year) scheduling payoffs and risks in volatile operating conditions. The proposed algorithm considers the integration of intermittent wind units into a GENCOs generation assets and coordinates the GENCOs hourly wind generation schedule with that of natural gas (NG) units (with volatile gas prices) and hydro units (with water inflow forecast) for maximizing the GENCOs payoff. The proposed midterm GENCO model applies market price forecasts to the risk-constrained stochastic price-based unit commitment (PBUC) for calculating the GENCOs risk in energy and ancillary services markets. The proposed PBUC minimizes the cost of (a) NG contracts, storage, startup and shutdown, (b) startup and shutdown of cascaded hydro units, and (c) penalty for defaulting on the scheduled power delivery. Simulation results show that the diversification of generating assets including bilateral contracts (BCs) could enhance the GENCOs midterm planning by increasing the expected payoff and decreasing the financial risk.

Cem Sahin; Mohammad Shahidehpour; Ismet Erkmen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Volatile abundances in submarine glasses from the North Fiji and Lau back-arc basins  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Glasses from submarine lavas of the North Fiji and lau back-arc basins were analyzed by high-temperature mass spectrometry for volatiles. Abundances for H{sub 2}O, Cl, F, S and CO{sub 2} in glasses ranging in composition from depleted, primitive MORB to enriched, transitional tholeiites are reported. The samples divide into three groups based on K{sub 2}O vs. H{sub 2}O, Ba/Zr vs. H{sub 2}O and K{sub 2}O/H{sub 2}O vs. P{sub 2}O{sub 5}/H{sub 2}O variation diagrams. At similar Mg No., the least evolved samples studied are nearly identical to N-type MORB in H{sub 2}O abundances but show Cl contents enriched by a factor of 5. More enriched samples, classified as back-arc basin basalts (BABB) on the basis of major/trace elements and isotopes, are not as hydrous (at similar Mg No.) as those from the Mariana and East Scotia Sea back-arc basins. The data indicate that not all back-arc basins erupt lavas with the distinct volatile and other elemental characteristics of lavas from the Mariana Trough and Scotia Sea.

Aggrey, K.E.; Muenow, D.W.; Sinton, J.M. (Univ. of Hawaii, Honolulu (USA))

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Conditional correlations and volatility spillovers between crude oil and stock index returns  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper investigates the conditional correlations and volatility spillovers between the crude oil and financial markets, based on crude oil returns and stock index returns. Daily returns from 2 January 1998 to 4 November 2009 of the crude oil spot, forward and futures prices from the WTI and Brent markets, and the FTSE100, NYSE, Dow Jones and S&P500 stock index returns, are analysed using the CCC model of Bollerslev (1990), VARMA-GARCH model of Ling and McAleer (2003), VARMA-AGARCH model of McAleer, Hoti, and Chan (2008), and DCC model of Engle (2002). Based on the CCC model, the estimates of conditional correlations for returns across markets are very low, and some are not statistically significant, which means the conditional shocks are correlated only in the same market and not across markets. However, the DCC estimates of the conditional correlations are always significant. This result makes it clear that the assumption of constant conditional correlations is not supported empirically. Surprisingly, the empirical results from the VARMA-GARCH and VARMA-AGARCH models provide little evidence of volatility spillovers between the crude oil and financial markets. The evidence of asymmetric effects of negative and positive shocks of equal magnitude on the conditional variances suggests that VARMA-AGARCH is superior to VARMA-GARCH and CCC.

Chia-Lin Chang; Michael McAleer; Roengchai Tansuchat

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Oxidation and Volatilization from Tantalum Alloy T-222 During Air Exposure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tantalum alloys are one of the refractory metals with renewed consideration for high temperatures in fusion reactor applications. Tantalum alloys perform well in protective environments but oxidized readily in gases containing higher oxygen levels. In addition, the radioactive isotope Ta-182 would be produced in tantalum and could be a significant contributor to dose if mobilized. Other isotopes of importance are produced from tungsten and hafnium. Mobilization of activated products during an accident with air ingress is therefore a safety issue. In this study, we measured the extent of oxidation and mobilization from tantalum alloy T-222 oxidized in flowing air between 500 and 1200 C. This alloy nominally contains 10 wt% tungsten, 2.5 wt% hafnium and 0.01 wt% carbon. We found that the mobilization of Ta and Hf was closely linked to the occurrence of oxide spalling. These elements showed no migration from the test chamber. Some W was mobilized by volatilization as evidenced by transport from the chamber. Tungsten volatilization could occur primarily during initial stages of oxidation before an oxide scale forms and impedes the process. The mobilization of Ta and W are presented in terms of the mass flux (g/m 2 -h) as a function of test temperature. These measurements along with specific designs, activation calculations, and accident scenarios provide information useful for dose calculations of future fusion devices.

Smolik, G.R.; Petti, D.A.; Sharpe, J.P.; Schuetz, S.T.

2000-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

227

Oxidation and Volatilization from Tantalum Alloy T-222 During Air Exposure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tantalum alloys are one of the refractory metals with renewed consideration for high temperatures in fusion reactor applications. Tantalum alloys perform well in protective environments but oxidized readily in gases containing higher oxygen levels. In addition, the radioactive isotope Ta-182 would be produced in tantalum and could be a significant contributor to dose if mobilized. Other isotopes of importance are produced from tungsten and hafnium. Mobilization of activated products during an accident with air ingress is therefore a safety issue. In this study, we measured the extent of oxidation and mobilization from tantalum alloy T-222 oxidized in flowing air between 500 and 1200C. This alloy nominally contains 10 wt% tungsten, 2.5 wt% hafnium and 0.01 wt% carbon. We found that the mobilization of Ta and Hf was closely linked to the occurrence of oxide spalling. These elements showed no migration from the test chamber. Some W was mobilized by volatilization as evidenced by transport from the chamber. Tungsten volatilization could occur primarily during initial stages of oxidation before an oxide scale forms and impedes the process. The mobilization of Ta and W are presented in terms of the mass flux (g/m 2 -h) as a function of test temperature. These measurements along with specific designs, activation calculations, and accident scenarios provide information useful for dose calculations of future fusion devices

Smolik, Galen Richard; Petti, David Andrew; Sharpe, John Phillip; Schuetz, Stanley Thomas

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

6 - Nuclear Waste Regulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The most influential national and international bodies providing recommendations on radiation protection are described, including the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Protection philosophies and the ICRP general principles of radiation protection are discussed. Radioactive material regulations and sources of radiation are explained. Criteria of exemption from regulatory control are discussed with examples of exemption levels for naturally occurring and radioactive waste radionuclides. Clearance of both moderate and bulk amounts of materials from regulatory control is also explained, including examples of EU and the UK regulations. Dose limits recommended by the ICRP are given, as well as the main principles of control of radiation hazards. Nuclear waste classification schemes are outlined, including the IAEA classification scheme. A brief explanation of nuclear waste classes including exempt waste, very short-lived waste, very low-level waste, low-level waste, intermediate-level waste and high-level waste is given. Examples of waste classification schemes are given, including that of the UK.

M.I. Ojovan; W.E. Lee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Modified Atmosphere Packaged Cheddar Cheese Shreds:? Influence of Fluorescent Light Exposure and Gas Type on Color and Production of Volatile Compounds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Modified Atmosphere Packaged Cheddar Cheese Shreds:? Influence of Fluorescent Light Exposure and Gas Type on Color and Production of Volatile Compounds ... The cheese block was shredded with a hand shredder. ... Aldehydes were the major constituent of the volatile fraction of shredded Cheddar cheese packaged under CO2. ...

Llori M. Colchin; Sandra L. Owens; Galina Lyubachevskaya; Elizabeth Boyle-Roden; Estelle Russek-Cohen; Scott A. Rankin

2001-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

230

Photochemical Modeling of Emissions Trading of Highly Reactive Volatile Organic Compounds in Houston, Texas. 1. Reactivity Based Trading and Potential for Ozone Hot Spot Formation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Photochemical Modeling of Emissions Trading of Highly Reactive Volatile Organic Compounds in Houston, Texas. ... (12)?Thompson, T. M.; Wang, L.; Web, A.; McDonald-Buller, E.; Allen, D. T. Photochemical Modeling of the Air Quality Impacts of an Emissions Trading Program for Highly Reactive Volatile Organic Compounds (HRVOCs) in Texas; Air and Waste Management Association Annual Meeting, New Orleans, June, 2006. ...

Linlin Wang; Tammy Thompson; Elena C. McDonald-Buller; Alba Webb; David T. Allen

2007-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

231

Nebraska Air Quality Regulations (Nebraska)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

These regulations, promulgated by the Department of Environmental Quality, contain provisions pertaining to ambient air quality standards, pollution source operating permits, emissions reporting,...

232

Underground Injection Control Regulations (Kansas)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This article prohibits injection of hazardous or radioactive wastes into or above an underground source of drinking water, establishes permit conditions and states regulations for design,...

233

Nebraska State Regulations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Nebraska Nebraska State Regulations: Nebraska State of Nebraska The Nebraska Oil and Gas Conservation Commission (NOGCC) seeks to prevent waste, protect correlative rights of all owners, and encourage and authorize secondary recovery, pressure maintenance, cycling, or recycling, in order that the greatest ultimate recovery of oil and gas may be obtained within the state while protecting the environment. Otherwise, the Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality (NDEQ) administers the major environmental protection laws. Contact Nebraska Oil and Gas Conservation Commission 922 Illinois Street, P.O. Box 399 Sidney, NE 69162 (308) 254-6919 (phone) (308) 254-6922 (fax) Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality 1200 "N" Street, Suite 400 P.O. Pox 98922 Lincoln, NE 68509

234

Kentucky State Regulations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Kentucky Kentucky State Regulations: Kentucky State of Kentucky The Division of Oil and Gas (DOG) in the Department of Natural Resources (DNR) fosters conservation of all mineral resources, encourages exploration of such resources, protects the correlative rights of land and mineral owners, prohibits waste and unnecessary surface loss and damage, and encourages the maximum recovery of oil and gas from all deposits. The Energy and Environment Cabinet brings together various Kentucky agencies. It is tasked with protecting and enhancing Kentucky's natural resources. The Department for Environmental Protection (DEP) administers the major environmental protection laws. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 4 administers Class II underground injection control (UIC) programs in Kentucky in direct implementation.

235

Computing Borel's Regulator.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an infinite series formula based on the Karoubi-Hamida integral, for the universal Borel class evaluated on H_{2n+1}(GL(\\mathbb{C})). For a cyclotomic field F we define a canonical set of elements in K_3(F) and present a novel approach (based on a free differential calculus) to constructing them. Indeed, we are able to explicitly construct their images in H_{3}(GL(\\mathbb{C})) under the Hurewicz map. Applying our formula to these images yields a value V_1(F), which coincides with the Borel regulator R_1(F) when our set is a basis of K_3(F) modulo torsion. For F= \\mathbb{Q}(e^{2\\pi i/3}) a computation of V_1(F) has been made based on our techniques.

Zacky Choo; Wajid Mannan; Rubn J. Snchez-Garca; Victor P. Snaith

236

Intrinsically Disordered Proteins: Regulation and Disease Regulation of IDPs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

31st Jan 2011 Intrinsically Disordered Proteins: Regulation and Disease Regulation of IDPs M. Madan ......................................................................................................................................8 #12;1 Abstract Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) are often enriched in signaling and regulatory functions because the features of disordered segments permit interaction with multiple proteins

Babu, M. Madan

237

Volatility regimes, asymmetric basis effects and forecasting performance: An empirical investigation of the WTI crude oil futures market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study employs a flexible regime-switching EGARCH model with Student-t distributed error terms to investigate whether volatility regimes and basis affect the behavior of crude oil futures returns, including the conditional mean, variance, skewness, kurtosis as well as the extent of heavy-tailedness. The study also examines whether volatility regimes and asymmetric basis effects can improve the forecasting accuracy. The main merit of the empirical model is that the basis effect is allowed to be asymmetric and to vary across volatility regimes. Empirical results suggest that the conditional mean and variance respond to the basis asymmetrically and nonlinearly, and that the responses of transition probabilities to the basis are symmetric. Furthermore, the conditional higher moments are sensitive to the absolute value of basis, and the heavy tailed characteristic can be greatly alleviated by taking into account the asymmetric basis effects and regime switches. Finally, the regime switches and asymmetric basis effects play decisive roles in forecasting return, volatility and tail distribution.

Kuang-Liang Chang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Use of Low-Volatile Solid Fuels in a 100 kW Chemical-Looping Combustor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Swedish wood char and Mexican petcoke, both having low volatile content, were used as fuel. ... The carbon capture efficiency was high with wood char, but not as high with petcoke. ... Using petcoke as fuel, high gas conversion was achieved even when employing very high fuel power, 148 kW. ...

Carl Linderholm; Matthias Schmitz; Pavleta Knutsson; Malin Klln; Anders Lyngfelt

2014-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

239

Fluid saturation and volatile partitioning between melts and hydrous fluids in crustal magmatic systems: The contribution of experimental measurements and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

systems, experimental results on the solubility and partitioning of H2O, CO2, S, Cl, F and a few other systems: The contribution of experimental measurements and solubility models Don R. Baker a, , Marina 2012 Keywords: Magmatic volatiles Solubility Water Carbon dioxide Sulfur Halogens This work reviews

Long, Bernard

240

Diversity of the Volatile Organic Compounds Emitted by 55 Species of Tropical Trees: a Survey in French Guiana  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in French Guiana Elodie A. Courtois & C. E. Timothy Paine & Pierre-Alain Blandinieres & Didier Stien & Jean, LLC 2009 Abstract Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are pro- duced by a broad range of organisms, from tropical tree species in a lowland rainforest of French Guiana. We discovered a remarkably high chemical

Chave, Jérôme

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility rvp regulations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Estimation of Volatility The values of the parameters r, t, St, T, and K used to price a call op-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is the price of light sweet crude oil futures traded on the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX), basedChapter 7 Estimation of Volatility The values of the parameters r, t, St, T, and K used to price in the stock price model dSt St = µdt + dBt. A natural estimator for the trend parameter µ can be written as ^µ

Privault, Nicolas

242

Identifying Sources of Volatile Organic Compounds and Aldehydes in a High  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Identifying Sources of Volatile Organic Compounds and Aldehydes in a High Identifying Sources of Volatile Organic Compounds and Aldehydes in a High Performance Building Title Identifying Sources of Volatile Organic Compounds and Aldehydes in a High Performance Building Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-3979e Year of Publication 2010 Authors Ortiz, Anna C., Marion L. Russell, Wen-Yee Lee, Michael G. Apte, and Randy L. Maddalena Pagination 29 Date Published 09/2010 Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley Abstract The developers of the Paharpur Business Center (PBC) and Software Technology Incubator Park in New Delhi, India offer an environmentally sustainable building with a strong emphasis on energy conservation, waste minimization and superior indoor air quality (IAQ). To achieve the IAQ goal, the building utilizes a series of air cleaning technologies for treating the air entering the building. These technologies include an initial water wash followed by ultraviolet light treatment and biolfiltration using a greenhouse located on the roof and numerous plants distributed throughout the building. Even with the extensive treatment of makeup air and room air in the PBC, a recent study found that the concentrations of common volatile organic compounds and aldehydes appear to rise incrementally as the air passes through the building from the supply to the exhaust. This finding highlights the need to consider the minimization of chemical sources in buildings in combination with the use of advanced air cleaning technologies when seeking to achieve superior IAQ. The goal of this project was to identify potential source materials for indoor chemicals in the PBC. Samples of building materials, including wood paneling (polished and unpolished), drywall, and plastic from a hydroponic drum that was part of the air cleaning system, were collected from the building for testing. All materials were collected from the PBC building and shipped to the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) for testing. The materials were pre-conditioned for two different time periods before measuring material and chemical specific emission factors for a range of VOCs and Aldehydes. Of the six materials tested, we found that the highest emitter of formaldehyde was new plywood paneling. Although polish and paint contribute to some VOC emissions, the main influence of the polish was in altering the capacity of the surface to accumulate formaldehyde. Neither the new nor aged polish contributed significantly to formaldehyde emissions. The VOC emission stream (excluding formaldehyde) was composed of up to 18 different chemicals and the total VOC emissions ranged in magnitude from 7 μg/m2/h (old wood with old polish) to >500 μg/m2/h (painted drywall). The formaldehyde emissions from drywall and old wood with either new or old polish were ~ 15 μg/m2/h while the new wood material emitted > 100 μg/m2/h. However, when the projected surface area of each material in the building was considered, the new wood, old wood and painted drywall material all contributed substantially to the indoor formaldehyde loading while the coatings contributed primarily to the VOCs

243

NMED COMMENTS ITEM 3 REVISE VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND (VOC) TARGET ANALYTE LIST  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3 3 NMED COMMENTS ITEM 3 REVISE VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND (VOC) TARGET ANALYTE LIST OTHER CHANGES TO VOC MONITORING PROGRAM Page 1 of 21 VOC 3·1: PMR Section 3, Topic 1, Table 1 Recalculated Waste Matrix Code Group Weighting Factors based on the 2004 Compliance Recertification Contact Handled (CH) Transuranic (TRU) Waste Inventory (m 3 ) The new weighting factors appear to be based on CH TRU waste only and do not include remote handled (RH) TRU waste. There was no discussion in the PMR addressing possible differences in Waste Matrix Code Group (WMCG) for RH TRU that could potentially impact the weighting factors. Please provide data characterizing the differences in emissions between the two types of waste, in support of the assertion that modeling data from CH TRU waste adequately

244

Explaining the convenience yield in the WTI crude oil market using realized volatility and jumps  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, we first provide an empirical evidence of the existence of intraday jumps in the crude oil price series. We then show that these jumps, in conjunction with realized volatility measures, are important in modeling the convenience yield over the 20012010 period. Our empirical results indicate that lagged jump mean only explains around 16% of the weekly convenience yield. Our best specification, including variation in inventories, 8-week realized variance and the 250-day jump mean is able to explain around 61% of the weekly convenience yield. Importantly, our results are not driven by the simultaneous determination of the various variables at work as we only use lagged variables in all regressions.

Benot Svi

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Modelling futures price volatility in energy markets: Is there a role for financial speculation?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper models volatility in four energy futures markets, adopting GARCH models. The variance equation is enriched with alternative measures of speculation, based on CFTC data: the market share of non-commercial traders, the Working's T index, and the percentage of net long positions of non-commercials over total open interest in future markets. It also includes a control for market liquidity. We consider four energy commodities (light sweet crude oil, heating oil, gasoline and natural gas) over the period 20002014, analysed at weekly frequency. We find that speculation presents a negative and significant sign. The robustness exercise shows that: i) results remain unchanged through different model specifications (GARCH-in-mean, EGARCH, and TARCH); ii) results are robust to different specifications of the mean and variance equation.

Matteo Manera; Marcella Nicolini; Ilaria Vignati

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Evaluation of calcium chloride and ammonium thiosulfate as ammonia volatilization inhibitors for surface-applied urea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

million tons Total fertilizer Total N NH4NOs Anhydrous NHs N solutions Urea 22. 7 24. 9 42. 5 52. 8 41. 8 50. 1 1. 6 2. 74 8. 60 11. 4 9. 13 11. 1 1. 12 1. 23 2. 80 2. 63 2. 15 2. 19 0. 35 0. 71 4. 02 5. 48 3. 84 4. 71 0. 21 0. 65 4. 11 6. 67 6...-12 10-12 10-12 0-2 12-14 0-2 120 144 96 24 36 24 261 3128 218 1878 225 3104 In general, three major effects were observed: 1) The lag phase of NHs volatilization was delayed or lengthened. 2) The maximum N loss rate occurred later...

Sloan, John J.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Investigations of release phenomenon of volatile organic compounds and particulates from residual storage chip piles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper outlines the method for estimating Particulate Matter and Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) emissions from wood handling and storage operations at a pulp mill. Fugitive particulate matter emissions from wood handling and storage operations are due to material load/dropout operations, wind erosion from storage piles and vehicular traffic on paved roads. The particulate matter emissions are a function of a number of variables like windspeed, surface moisture content, material silt content, and number of days of precipitation. Literature review attributes VOC emissions to biological, microbiological, chemical, and physical processes occurring in wood material storage pile. The VOC emissions are from the surface of these piles and the VOC released during retrieval of chips from the pile. VOC emissions are based on the chip throughput, number of turnovers, moisture content and surface area of the pile. The emission factors with the requisite calculation methodology to be utilized for quantifying VOC emissions from chip piles has been discussed in this paper.

Mohan, S.; Nagarkatti, M. [Trinity Consultants, Inc., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

248

Hydrogen Safety Project chemical analysis support task: Window C'' volatile organic analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This data package contains the results obtained by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) staff in the characterization of samples for the 101-SY Hydrogen Safety Project. The samples were submitted for analysis by Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) under the Technical Project Plan (TPP) 17667 and the Quality Assurance Plan MCS-027. They came from a core taken during Window C'' after the May 1991 gas release event. The analytical procedures required for analysis were defined in the Test Instructions (TI) prepared by the PNL 101-SY Analytical Chemistry Laboratory (ACL) Project Management Office in accordance with the TPP and the QA Plan. The requested analysis for these samples was volatile organic analysis. The quality control (QC) requirements for each sample are defined in the Test Instructions for each sample. The QC requirements outlined in the procedures and requested in the WHC statement of work were followed.

Gillespie, B.M.; Stromatt, R.W.; Ross, G.A.; Hoope, E.A.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Hydrogen Safety Project chemical analysis support task: Window ``C`` volatile organic analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This data package contains the results obtained by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) staff in the characterization of samples for the 101-SY Hydrogen Safety Project. The samples were submitted for analysis by Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) under the Technical Project Plan (TPP) 17667 and the Quality Assurance Plan MCS-027. They came from a core taken during Window ``C`` after the May 1991 gas release event. The analytical procedures required for analysis were defined in the Test Instructions (TI) prepared by the PNL 101-SY Analytical Chemistry Laboratory (ACL) Project Management Office in accordance with the TPP and the QA Plan. The requested analysis for these samples was volatile organic analysis. The quality control (QC) requirements for each sample are defined in the Test Instructions for each sample. The QC requirements outlined in the procedures and requested in the WHC statement of work were followed.

Gillespie, B.M.; Stromatt, R.W.; Ross, G.A.; Hoope, E.A.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

FIELD SCREENING FOR HALOGENATED VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS: THE NEW X-WAND HVOC SCREENING DEVICE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Western Research Institute (WRI) has developed new methodology and a test kit to screen soil or water samples for halogenated volatile organic compounds (HVOCs) in the field. The technology has been designated the X-Wand{trademark} screening tool. The new device uses a heated diode sensor that is commonly used to detect leaks of refrigerants from air conditioners, freezers, and refrigerators. This sensor is selective to halogens. It does not respond to volatile aromatic hydrocarbons, such as those in gasoline, and it is not affected by high humidity. In the current work, the heated diode leak detectors were modified further to provide units with rapid response and enhanced sensitivity. The limit of detection for trichloroethylene TCE in air is 0.1 mg/m{sup 3} (S/N = 2). The response to other HVOCS relative to TCE is similar. Variability between sensors and changes in a particular sensor over time can be compensated for by normalizing sensor readings to a maximum sensor reading at 1,000 mg/m{sup 3} TCE. The soil TCE screening method was expanded to include application to water samples. Assuming complete vaporization, the detection limit for TCE in soil is about 1 ug/kg (ppb) for a 25-g sample in an 8-oz jar. The detection limit for TCE in water is about 1 ug/L (ppb) for a 25-mL sample in an 8-oz jar. This is comparable to quantitation limits of EPA GC/MS laboratory methods. A draft ASTM method for screening TCE contaminated soils using a heated diode sensor was successfully submitted for concurrent main committee and subcommittee balloting in ASTM Committee D 34 on Waste Management. The method was approved as ASTM D 7203-05, Standard Test Method for Screening Trichloroethylene (TCE)-Contaminated Soil Using a Heated Diode Sensor.

John F. Schabron; Susan S. Sorini; Joseph F. Rovani Jr

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Conversion Regulations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Conversion Regulations Conversion Regulations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Conversion Regulations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Conversion Regulations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Conversion Regulations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Conversion Regulations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Conversion Regulations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Conversion Regulations on AddThis.com... Conversion Regulations All vehicle and engine conversions must meet standards instituted by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), and state agencies like the California Air Resources Board (CARB).

252

Development and Application of A Membrane-Based Thermodenuder for Measurement of Volatile Particles Emitted by A Jet Turbine Engine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Measurement of volatile particles emitted by modern jet engines is a daunting task. Besides the complexity in sampling jet aircraft exhaust, the main difficulty lies at how to faithfully capture the phase-partition dynamics of volatile particles as they travel downstream from the engine exhaust nozzle. As a result, the physico-chemical properties of the exhaust are also transformed. We have developed a sampling instrument that aims at enabling study of the phase-partition dynamics. The objective of this research project was to design and evaluate a new thermodenuder for performing phase separation of the engine-emitted volatile particles. The backbone of the new thermodenuder is a thin metallic membrane. The membrane enables extraction of molecules that can be thermally desorbed from the condensed particulate phases and collected for subsequent chemical analysis. Toward realization of the technique in the future field aircraft emissions measurement we tested this new thermo-denuding device using laboratory-generated particles that were made of non-volatile or semi-volatile chemicals. The particle penetration efficiency, a measure of the device performance, of this thermodenuder was found to be better than 99%. Results obtained from the tests executed at a number of operating temperature conditions show reasonably good thermal separation. We have scheduled to apply this new device to characterize emissions from a T63 turboshaft engine in the spring of 2010 and are expecting to show the engine results at the conference. The test results based on the laboratory-generated particles were encouraging for the intended application. With excellent particle transmission efficiency and an ability to simultaneously measure the composition in the gas and particle phases of the engine particles, we believe the new technology will make a great contribution to measurement research of engine emissions.

Cheng, Mengdawn [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

2011 Air Quality Regulations Report | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Air Quality Regulations Report 2011 Air Quality Regulations Report 2011 Air Quality Regulations Report120111.pdf More Documents & Publications 2011:...

254

Self-regulated reionization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently, we have presented the first large-scale radiative transfer simulations of reionization. Here we present new simulations which extend the source halo mass range downward to 10^8M_solar, to capture the full range of halo masses thought to be primarily responsible for reionization by their star formation following atomic hydrogen radiative cooling and gravitational collapse. Haloes below about 10^9M_solar, however, are subject to Jeans-mass filtering in the ionized regions, which suppresses their baryonic content and their ability to release ionizing radiation. By including these smaller-mass haloes but accounting for their suppression, too, we find that reionization is ``self-regulating,'' as follows. As the mean ionized fraction rises, so does the fraction of the volume within which suppression occurs. Hence, the degree of suppression is related to the mean ionized fraction. Since low-mass haloes with high emissivity achieve a given mean ionized fraction earlier than do those with low efficiency, Jeans-mass filtering compensates for the difference in the emissivity of the suppressible haloes in these two cases. As a result, in the presence of lower-mass source haloes, reionization begins earlier, but the later stages of reionization and the time of overlap are dictated by the efficiency of the higher-mass haloes, independent of the efficiency of the suppressible, lower-mass haloes. Reionization histories consistent with current observational constraints are shown to be achievable with standard stellar sources in haloes above 10^8M_solar. Neither minihalos nor exotic sources are required, and the phenomenon of ``double reionization'' previously suggested does not occur. (abridged)

Ilian T. Iliev; Garrelt Mellema; Paul R. Shapiro; Ue-Li Pen

2006-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

255

Chapter 2 of the Wyoming Public Service Commission Regulations...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the Wyoming Public Service Commission Regulations: General Regulations Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation:...

256

Vermont Hazardous Waste Management Regulations (Vermont)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

These regulations are intended to protect public health and the environment by comprehensively regulating the generation, storage, collection, transport, treatment, disposal, use, reuse, and...

257

Price regulation for waste hauling franchises in California: an examination of how regulators regulate pricing and the effects of competition on regulated markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thomadakis, Stavros. Price Regulation Under Uncertainty in698. Bs, Dieter. Pricing and Price Regulation. Elsevier.Optimal Structure of Public Prices. The American Economic

Seltzer, Steven A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Aquifer Protection Area Land Use Regulations (Connecticut)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

These regulations describe allowable activities within aquifer protection areas, the procedure by which such areas are delineated, and relevant permit requirements. The regulations also describe...

259

Camptothecine, a selective plant growth regulator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Camptothecine, a selective plant growth regulator ... The literature documents several hundred plant products that appear to exhibit growth-regulating activity. ...

J. George Buta; Joseph F. Worley

1976-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

International Electricity Regulation | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Regulation International Electricity Regulation U.S. trade in electric energy with Canada and Mexico is rising, bringing economic and reliability benefits to the United States and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility rvp regulations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Vehicle Technologies Office: Regulated Fleets | Department of...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Alternative Fuels Vehicle Technologies Office: Regulated Fleets Vehicle Technologies Office: Regulated Fleets The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) manages...

262

Alaska ADEC Wetlands Regulation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Regulation Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Alaska ADEC Wetlands Regulation Author Alaska Division of Water Published Alaska Department...

263

Private Regulation of Consumer Arbitration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Arbitration providers, such as the American Arbitration Association (AAA) and JAMS, have promulgated due process protocols to regulate the fairness of consumer and employment arbitration agreements. A common criticism of these due process...

Drahozal, Christopher R.; Zyontz, Samantha

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Kansas Air Quality Regulations (Kansas)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

All new air contaminant emission sources or alterations to emission sources that are required to be reported shall be in compliance with all applicable emission control regulations at the time that...

265

Water Quality Regulations (Rhode Island)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The purpose of these regulations is to establish water quality standards for the state's surface waters. These standards are intended to restore, preserve and enhance the physical, chemical and...

266

Environmental Regulations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

do: add table This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleEnvironmentalRegulations&oldid542702"...

267

California Energy Commission PROPOSED REGULATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California Energy Commission PROPOSED REGULATIONS ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Edmund G. Brown Jr., Governor FEBRUARY 2013 CEC3002013002SD #12;CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Lorraine Gonzalez Angela Gould Primary Authors and Project Managers Kate Zocchetti

268

Ground Water Management Regulations (Louisiana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The rules and regulations apply to the management of the state's ground water resources. In addition, the Commissioner of Conservation has recommended that oil and gas operators with an interest...

269

A numerical solution to three-dimensional multiphase transport of volatile organic compounds in unsaturated soils -- with an application to the remedial method of in-situ volatilization. Part I: Theoretical development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Part I of this paper presents the development and application of a numerical model for determining the fate and transport of volatile organic compounds (VOCS) in the unsaturated zone resulting from forced volatilization and gaseous advection-dispersion of organic vapor in a multipartitioned three-dimensional environment. The model allows for single-component transport in the gas and water phases. The hydrocarbon is assumed to be in specific retention and, therefore, immobile. Partitioning of the hydrocarbon between the oil, water, gas, and soil is developed as rate-limited functions that are incorporated into sink/source terms in the transport equations. The code for the model was developed specifically to investigate in-situ volatilization (ISV) remedial strategies, predict the extent of cleanup from information obtained at a limited number of measurement locations, and to help design ISV remedial systems. Application of the model is demonstrated for a hypothetical one-dimensional ISV system. Part II of this paper will present the analysis of an existing ISV system using the full three-dimensional capability of the model.

Filley, T.; Tomasko, D.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Is HaleBopp A Juvenile Comet Study Of The Energy Balance To Explain The Vapor Flux Of Volatiles From The Surface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sublimation of minor gases from ices inside of a porous comet ... input. Our model meant to describe the gas flux inside and out of the porous...2O and CO as the most abundant minor component of higher volatility...

J. Benkhoff; H. Rauer

271

Separation and Identification of Volatile Compounds from Liquid Cultures of Trichoderma harzianum by GC-MS using Three Different Capillary Columns  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......functions in the organism that are of remarkable importance to humankind in medical, industrial or agricultural applications. Some...activities. Volatile compounds are appear as intermediate and end products of diverse metabolic pathways and belong to various......

Shafiquzzaman Siddiquee; Bo Eng Cheong; Khanam Taslima; Hossain Kausar; Md Mainul Hasan

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Volatility of Mixtures of JP-8 with Biomass Derived Hydroprocessed Renewable Jet Fuels by the Composition Explicit Distillation Curve Method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Volatility of Mixtures of JP-8 with Biomass Derived Hydroprocessed Renewable Jet Fuels by the Composition Explicit Distillation Curve Method ... Energy Fuels, 2012, 26 (3), ... There are many reasons for this, the most important of which are guarding against potential supply disruptions, overcoming the dependence on foreign sources of petroleum, overcoming the vulnerability of large centralized refineries (to both weather events and terrorist acts), and mitigation of the rising costs of current fuel streams. ...

Jean Van Buren; Kathryn Abel; Tara M. Lovestead; Thomas J. Bruno

2012-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

273

The Pond 2 selenium volatilization study: A synthesis of five years of experimental results, 1990--1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Microbial volatilization is a potential remedial measure to decrease the selenium inventory in Kesterson Reservoir soils. Past studies in both the field and the laboratory suggest that a significant percentage of the selenium inventory may be removed in this fashion. The objectives of this study include the quantification of selenium losses and a test of a pilot-scale design which in the future may be used in other parts of the Reservoir.

Zawislanski, P.T. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Earth Sciences Div.; Jayaweera, G.R.; Biggar, J.W.; Wu, L. [Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States); Frankenberger, W.T. [Univ. of California, Riverside, CA (United States). Dept. of Soil and Environmental Sciences

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Secondary Organic Aerosol from Aqueous Reactions of Green Leaf Volatiles with Organic Triplet Excited States and Singlet Molecular Oxygen  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Secondary Organic Aerosol from Aqueous Reactions of Green Leaf Volatiles with Organic Triplet Excited States and Singlet Molecular Oxygen ... To examine this, we calculated the bond dissociation energies (BDE) of different CH bonds in the two molecules (Section S2 and Figure S3 in the SI). ... by the Arrhenius equation (Figure 3b)(6)where A is the pre-exponential factor, Ea is the activation energy, and R is the gas constant. ...

Nicole K. Richards-Henderson; Andrew T. Pham; Benjamin B. Kirk; Cort Anastasio

2014-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

275

Vertical composition gradient effects on original hydrocarbon in place volumes and liquid recovery for volatile oil and gas condensate reservoirs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Place Volumes and Liquid Recovery for Volatile Oil and Gas Condensate Reservoirs. (December 2000) Juan Manual Jaramillo Arias, B. S. , Universidad de America; B. S. , Universidad Nacional de Colombia Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Maria A. Barrufet... Reservoir Performance 2. 2 Equation of State Review. . 2. 3 Peng Robinson Equation of State (PR EOS). 2. 4 Vapor Liquid Equilibria. . 2. 5 Volume Translation. 2. 6 Pseudoization or Lumping. 2. 7 Heavy Fraction Characterization. . 2. 8 Compositional...

Jaramillo Arias, Juan Manuel

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

276

Causality and volatility spillovers among petroleum prices of WTI, gasoline and heating oil in different locations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper examines the time series properties of daily spot and futures prices for three petroleum types traded at five commodity centers within and outside the United States. Examining five combinations of the spot and futures prices by petroleum type and trading center, the cointegration tests of each of these five groups suggest that spot and futures contracts offer little room for long-run commodity portfolio diversification. In the West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude-oil group, the VEC model indicates that the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) 1-month futures price has the upper hand in terms of directional causality and volatility spillovers. In the NYMEX gasoline system, there are bi-directional causality relationships among all the gasoline spot and futures prices, but the spot price produces the greatest spillover. In the NYMEX heating oil system, information transmission and predictability among the spot, 1- and 3-month futures are found to be particularly strong and significant. In the international gasoline spot market, contrary to the world crude-oil market, there is no apparent world gasoline spot leader for the gasoline spot prices.

Shawkat Hammoudeh; Huimin Li; Bang Jeon

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

LastingNVCache: A Technique for Improving the Lifetime of Non-volatile Caches  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Use of NVM (Non-volatile memory) devices such as ReRAM (resistive RAM) and STT-RAM (spin transfer torque RAM) for designing on-chip caches holds the promise of providing a high-density, low-leakage alternative to SRAM. However, low write endurance of NVMs, along with the write-variation introduced by existing cache management schemes may significantly limit the lifetime of NVM caches. We present LastingNVCache, a technique for improving lifetime of NVM caches by mitigating the intra-set write variation. LastingNVCache works on the key idea that by periodically flushing a frequently-written data-item, the next time the block can be made to load into a cold block in the set. Through this, the future writes to that data-item can be redirected from a hot block to a cold block, which leads to improvement in the cache lifetime. Microarchitectural simulations have shown that LastingNVCache provides 6.36X, 9.79X, and 10.94X improvement in lifetime for single, dual and quad-core systems. Also, its implementation overhead is small and it outperforms a recently proposed technique for improving lifetime of NVM caches.

Mittal, Sparsh [ORNL] [ORNL; Vetter, Jeffrey S [ORNL] [ORNL; Li, Dong [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Real-time monitoring of volatile organic compounds using chemical ionization mass spectroscopy: Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Volatile organic compound (VOC) emission to the atmosphere is of great concern to semiconductor manufacturing industries, research laboratories, the public, and regulatory agencies. Some industries are seeking ways to reduce emissions by reducing VOCs at the point of use (or generation). This paper discusses the requirements, design, calibration, and use of a sampling inlet/quadrupole mass spectrometer system for monitoring VOCs in a semiconductor manufacturing production line. The system uses chemical ionization to monitor compounds typically found in the lithography processes used to manufacture semiconductor devices (e.g., acetone, photoresist). The system was designed to be transportable from tool to tool in the production line and to give the operator real-time feedback so the process(es) can be adjusted to minimize VOC emissions. Detection limits ranging from the high ppb range for acetone to the low ppm range fore other lithography chemicals were achieved using chemical ionization mass spectroscopy at a data acquisition rate of approximately 1 mass spectral scan (30 to 200 daltons) per second. A demonstration of exhaust VOC monitoring was performed at a working semiconductor fabrication facility during actual wafer processing.

Thornberg, S.M.; Mowry, C.D.; Keenan, M.R.; Bender, S.F.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Gas Analysis Lab.; Owen, T. [Intel Corp., Rio Rancho, NM (United States)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Scale-up analysis and development of gliding arc discharge facility for volatile organic compounds decomposition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The influences of inlet gas flow rate and reactor configuration on volatile organic compounds (VOCs) decomposition efficiency in a traditional gliding arc (T-GA) facility are studied based on laboratory experiments and numerical simulation. The ratio of the nozzle diameter and the shortest distance of two electrodes should be maintained in a suitable value range to guarantee the decomposition efficiency, which indicates simply enlarging the nozzle inner diameter is not a proper way to raise the T-GA treatment capacity in a fixed supply voltage condition. A developed gliding arc gas discharge (D-GA) reactor based on a modified gas feed system is proposed: small flow rate air goes through the bottom nozzle to process the GA evolution, and high flow rate contaminated gas goes frontal through the plasma region and decomposes. The performances of D-GA reactor in the decomposition of \\{VOCs\\} with relative high gas flow rate, including decomposition efficiency and specific energy consumption, are better than T-GA reactor. D-GA reactor also avoids the drawbacks of the increases of power system amount and electric power consumption in multi-electrode GA system.

Zheng Bo; Jianhua Yan; Xiaodong Li; Yong Chi; Kefa Cen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

A method to characterise the volatile release of solid recovered fuels (SRF)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A method was developed and successfully applied to characterise the de-volatilisation process of solid recovered fuels (SRF). Following the definitions of the European initiative on SRF standardisation CEN/TC 343, this kind of fuels have to be produced from non-hazardous bio-residues, mixed- and mono-waste streams, and they are designated to be used either in mono- or co-combustion processes. Consequently, SRF are in most cases heterogeneous fuel mixtures. The de-volatilisation process was identified as highly relevant due to the nature of fuel: most SRF components do not evolve a char comparable to coal. Furthermore, large particle sizes do not allow the application of common approaches to determine kinetic parameters. The method presented in this paper relies on thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA). By successful combination with other well-established analytical procedures, the obtainable information towards the de-volatilisation process was largely improved. The method allows a quantification of energy and elemental distribution between volatiles and char during the de-volatilisation process in relation to the particle temperature. The data can be used to compare SRF or SRF components with other known fuels such as lignite and biomass. Moreover, the data is suitable as input data for combustion models. Focus of this paper is the analytical procedure including the required calculations. In addition, first results are presented and some ideas towards the use of the results are discussed.

Th. Hilber; M. Martensen; J. Maier; G. Scheffknecht

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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281

Detection of Volatile Organics Using a Surface Acoustic Wave Array System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A chemical sensing system based on arrays of surface acoustic wave (SAW) delay lines has been developed for identification and quantification of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The individual SAW chemical sensors consist of interdigital transducers patterned on the surface of an ST-cut quartz substrate to launch and detect the acoustic waves and a thin film coating in the SAW propagation path to perturb the acoustic wave velocity and attenuation during analyte sorption. A diverse set of material coatings gives the sensor arrays a degree of chemical sensitivity and selectivity. Materials examined for sensor application include the alkanethiol-based self-assembled monolayer, plasma-processed films, custom-synthesized conventional polymers, dendrimeric polymers, molecular recognition materials, electroplated metal thin films, and porous metal oxides. All of these materials target a specific chemical fi.mctionality and the enhancement of accessible film surface area. Since no one coating provides absolute analyte specificity, the array responses are further analyzed using a visual-empirical region-of-influence (VERI) pattern recognition algorithm. The chemical sensing system consists of a seven-element SAW array with accompanying drive and control electronics, sensor signal acquisition electronics, environmental vapor sampling hardware, and a notebook computer. Based on data gathered for individual sensor responses, greater than 93%-accurate identification can be achieved for any single analyte from a group of 17 VOCs and water.

ANDERSON, LAWRENCE F.; BARTHOLOMEW, JOHN W.; CERNOSEK, RICHARD W.; COLBURN, CHRISTOPHER W.; CROOKS, R.M.; MARTINEZ, R.F.; OSBOURN, GORDON C.; RICCO, A.J.; STATON, ALAN W.; YELTON, WILLIAM G.

1999-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

282

Estimating Persistent Mass Flux of Volatile Contaminants from the Vadose Zone to Ground Water  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Contaminants may persist for long time periods within low permeability portions of the vadose zone where they cannot be effectively treated and are a potential continuing source of contamination to groundwater. Setting appropriate vadose zone remediation goals requires evaluating these persistent sources in terms of their impact on meeting groundwater remediation goals. One-dimensional approaches for estimating transport of volatile contaminants in the vadose zone are considered and compared to a one-dimensional flux-continuity-based assessment of vapor-phase contaminant movement from the vadose zone to the groundwater. The flux-continuity-based assessment demonstrates that the ability of the groundwater to move contaminant away from the water table controls the vapor-phase mass flux from the vadose zone across the water table. Limitations of the one-dimensional approaches are then discussed with respect to the need for further method development and application of two- or three-dimensional numerical modeling. The carbon tetrachloride (CT) plume at the U.S. Department of Energy Hanford Site is used as an example of a site where persistent vadose zone contamination needs to be considered in the context of groundwater remediation.

Truex, Michael J.; Oostrom, Martinus; Brusseau, Mark

2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

283

Effect of Oil Price Volatility on Tunisian Stock Market at Sector-level and Effectiveness of Hedging Strategy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this work, our objective is to study in a first step links and interaction between oil and stock markets in Tunisia in terms of volatility at the sector-level, and then in a second step to determine the best hedging strategy for oil-stock portfolio against the risk of negative variation in stock market prices. Our methodology consist to model the data by a bivariate GARCH model to capture the effect in terms of volatility in the variation of the oil price on the different sector index, and to use the conditional variances and conditional correlation to calculate the hedging ratio and determinate the best hedging strategy. The empirical results indicate that the majority of relationships are unidirectional from the oil market to Tunisian stock market, and the conditional variance of a stock sector returns is affected not only by the volatility surprises of the stock market, but also by those of oil market. The model GARCH-BEKK is more effective than the others versions to minimize the risk of oil-stock portfolio.

Wajdi Hamma; Anis Jarboui; Ahmed Ghorbel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Definition: Overlap Regulation Service | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Overlap Regulation Service Overlap Regulation Service Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Overlap Regulation Service A method of providing regulation service in which the Balancing Authority providing the regulation service incorporates another Balancing Authority's actual interchange, frequency response, and schedules into providing Balancing Authority's AGC/ACE equation.[1] Related Terms regulation service, frequency response, balancing authority, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inl LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ine Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Overlap_Regulation_Service&oldid=502490" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions

285

Federal Regulations | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Federal Regulations Federal Regulations Federal Regulations NOTE: Adobe Acrobat Reader may be necessary to view PDF documents listed below. Accessibility Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act - Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility Standards Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act - Nondiscrimination Under Federal Grants and Programs Federal Records Act Freedom of Information Act (as amended) Freedom of Information Act Updates Privacy Act of 1974 (as amended) Privacy Act Overview Cyber Security Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (PDF) Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1986 (PDF) Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986 Federal Information Security Management of 2002 ( Title III of E-Gov) Homeland Security Act of 2002 ( includes Cyber Security Act of 2002 and Critical Infrastructure Act of 2002)

286

Improving Regulation Through Incremental Adjustment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

category or subcategory" to take account of data that EPA never considered in issuing the regulations and that render a particular discharger's situation fundamentally different from the ones EPA considered in the rulemaking. 40 C.F.R. 125.30(b) (2003...-77 (1986). 67. 42 U.S.c. 6921(a), (b)(1) (2000). 68. [d. 6922-6924. 69. [d. 6921(f)(1). 70. 40 c.F.R. 260.22(a)(1) (2003). EPA regulations also provide a mechanism for the filing of petitions to add a hazardous waste to the list. [d. 260...

Glicksman, Robert L.; Shapiro, Sidney A.

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Can Government Regulate Portion Sizes?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...it struck down the law on the basis of the separation-of-powers issue. According to the dissenting opinion, however, "the Rule easily passes this test." Neither lower court had found that regulating portion sizes of sugar-sweetened beverages was irrational (although both courts similarly struck down... A New York City Board of Health regulation limiting portion sizes of sugar-sweetened beverages was struck down this year, but the case may help address fundamental questions about whether restricting portion sizes is defensible on public health and legal grounds.

Pomeranz J.L.; Brownell K.D.

2014-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

288

Federal Energy Management Program: Laws and Regulations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Laws and Laws and Regulations to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Laws and Regulations on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Laws and Regulations on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Laws and Regulations on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Laws and Regulations on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Laws and Regulations on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Laws and Regulations on AddThis.com... Requirements by Subject Requirements by Regulation Notices & Rules Guidance Facility Reporting Fleet Reporting Laws and Regulations EISA 432 Compliance Tracking Track Federal agency progress toward Section 432 of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 using FEMP's EISA 432 Compliance Tracking

289

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Storage Regulations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biodiesel Storage Biodiesel Storage Regulations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Storage Regulations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Storage Regulations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Storage Regulations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Storage Regulations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Storage Regulations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Storage Regulations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Storage Regulations Underground storage tank regulations apply to all biodiesel blends with the exception of 100% biodiesel (B100). An owner changing the use of an

290

Implementation Regulations 3TU MSc Sustainable Energy Technology Delft, 2014-2015 THE IMPLEMENTATION REGULATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Implementation Regulations 3TU MSc Sustainable Energy Technology ­ Delft, 2014-2015 THE IMPLEMENTATION REGULATIONS 2014 - 2015 3TU MASTER'S DEGREE PROGRAMME Sustainable Energy Technology - Delft (SET) DELFT UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY #12;Implementation Regulations MSc Sustainable Energy Technology SET

291

Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Alton Strategic Environmental Group Alton Strategic Environmental Group New Port Richey, FL charles.alton@earthlink.net April 4, 2011 Daniel Cohen, Assistant General Counsel Legislation, Regulation, and Energy Efficiency Office of the General Counsel U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 Dear Mr. Cohen: I have reviewed the Request For Information regarding Reducing Regulatory Reform issued

292

California Energy Commission PROPOSED REGULATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California Energy Commission PROPOSED REGULATIONS MARCH 2012 CEC-400-2010-004-SD3, Article 9, Sections 1680 1685 CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Edmund G. Brown Jr., Governor #12;CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Martha Brook Program Senior Mechanical Engineer Justin Regnier Project Manager

293

California Energy Commission PROPOSED REGULATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, such as fossil fuelbased power plants, and may ameliorate air quality problems and improve public health renewable energy resources, such as wind, solar, biomass, landfill gas, digester gas, geothermal, or smallCalifornia Energy Commission PROPOSED REGULATIONS INITIAL STATEMENT OF REASONS FOR ENFORCEMENT

294

Output-Based Regulations: A Handbook for Air Regulators (U.S. EPA), August 2004  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Handbook providing practical information to help regulators decide if they want to use output-based regulations and explains how to develop an output-based emission standard

295

Effect of fermentation conditions on yeast growth and volatile composition of wine produced from mango (Mangifera indica L.) fruit juice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study mango juice fermentation at laboratory scale with controlled inoculation using selected yeast strain was performed (Saccharomyces cerevisiae 101). Effect of fermentation conditions (temperature, pH, SO2 and aeration) on wine fermentation was evaluated based on yeast growth, duration, fermentation rate and volatile composition. The composition of the major volatile compounds with low boiling points was determined by gas chromatography under the different operating conditions of fermentation temperature (1535C), pH (3.56.0), SO2 (100300ppm) and aeration (initial dissolved O2 and shaking at 30rpm). Temperature had important effect on yeast growth and on the levels of volatile compounds. It was observed that the final concentrations of ethyl acetate and some of the higher alcohols decreased when fermentation temperature increased to 25C (35mg/l at 15C and 27mg/l at 25C). SO2 stimulated the yeast growth up to certain level and in excess it inhibited the yeast metabolism. Ethanol concentration slightly increased with the addition of 100ppm SO2 (8.2g/l) and decreased with increase in concentration of SO2 (6.2g/l in 300ppm SO2). Aeration by shaking increased the viable cell count (from 52נ106 in the absence of oxygen to 98נ106 in shaking at 30rpm) but decreased the ethanol productivity (from 7.2 in initial dissolved O2 to 6.5g/l shaking at 30rpm). With the results obtained it was concluded that the temperature (25C), pH (5), SO2 (100ppm) and must with initial oxygen were optimum for better quality of wine from mango fruits. The results of the present study considering the traditionally recognized preference for low alcoholic fermentation temperatures in wine making.

L.V.A. Reddy; O.V.S. Reddy

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Volatile Composition of Sunflower Oil-in-Water Emulsions during Initial Lipid Oxidation:? Influence of pH  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For static headspace gas chromatography (SHGC), 2 mL of emulsion was transferred into a 10 mL vial and incubated at 60 C for 10 min in the headspace unit of a Carlo Erba MEGA 5300 GC (Interscience bv, Breda, The Netherlands). ... The volatilities of the compounds in both emulsions were determined by SHGC, with and without addition of artificial saliva (Table 2), and their release was studied in the mouth model system combined with GC/SP (Table 3). ... In SHGC the peak areas of the compounds of the pH 6 emulsion were lower than those of the pH 3 emulsion. ...

Saskia M. van Ruth; Jacques P. Roozen; Maarten A. Posthumus; Frans Jos H. M. Jansen

1999-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

297

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blending Regulation  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Ethanol Blending Ethanol Blending Regulation to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blending Regulation on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blending Regulation on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blending Regulation on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blending Regulation on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blending Regulation on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blending Regulation on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Blending Regulation Gasoline suppliers who provide fuel to distributors in the state must offer gasoline that is suitable for blending with fuel alcohol. Suppliers may not

298

Definition: Automated Voltage Regulators | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Regulators Regulators Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Automated Voltage Regulators Voltage regulators are transformers that can increase or decrease the voltage on a distribution circuit to help keep the voltage within a pre-determined band. Unlike capacitor banks, voltage regulators cannot adjust power factor. These devices typically monitor the voltage at the location where they are connected, and compare it to a programmed set point. If the voltage deviates too far from the set point, the voltage regulator can increase or decrease its output voltage by moving the tap on the secondary side up or down. An automated voltage regulator can operate with remote control signals, or in concert with other area voltage control devices, to help regulate distribution voltage in a coordinated fashion.

299

Britain's genetic manipulation regulations to be extended  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... ) of foreign DNA into cells is not subject to regulation. And deliberate release from offshore installations (an oil ... installations (an oil rig, for example) would unambiguously be covered by the new regulations, although strangely they ...

Peter Newmark

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Alternative Regulation (Vermont) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Regulation (Vermont) Regulation (Vermont) Alternative Regulation (Vermont) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fuel Distributor Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Vermont Program Type Generating Facility Rate-Making Utility regulators, including the Public Service Board, have applied a new type of regulation, often called "alternative regulation" or "incentive regulation." There are many variants of this type of regulation, but the common foundation is that rates are set differently from the traditional cost-of-service approach. Sometimes there is a performance-based aspect to

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility rvp regulations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

How do OPEC news and structural breaks impact returns and volatility in crude oil markets? Further evidence from a long memory process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Since its formation, OPEC through its conference decisions has been a major player in the world oil markets. The purpose of this paper is to examine the impacts of OPEC's different news announcements on the conditional expectations and volatility of crude oil markets in the presence of long memory and structural changes. To do so, we first discern OPEC's oil production behavior in response to its cut, maintain, and increase decisions. Then by applying the ARMAGARCH class models to the two global benchmarks WTI and Brent over the period May 1987 through December 2012, we find strong evidence of long memory. The empirical evidence also shows that OPEC's announcements especially the cut and the maintain decisions have a significant effect on both returns and volatility of the crude oil markets, particularly that of the WTI. Moreover, we explore the possibility of structural breaks in the crude oil prices and detect five (six) breakpoints for the WTI (Brent) oil markets. The presence of structural breaks reduces the persistence of volatility. Accounting for OPEC's scheduled news announcements in the presence of structural changes reduces the degree of volatility persistence and enhances the understanding of this volatility in the oil markets. These results have several implications for policy makers, oil traders and other participants in the crude oil markets.

Walid Mensi; Shawkat Hammoudeh; Seong-Min Yoon

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Field Derived Emission Factors For Formaldehyde and other Volatile Organic Compounds in FEMA Temporary Housing Units  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sixteen previously occupied temporary housing units (THUs) were studied to assess emissions of volatile organic compounds. The whole trailer emission factors wereevaluated for 36 VOCs including formaldehyde. Indoor sampling was carried out in the THUs located in Purvis staging yard in Mississippi, USA. Indoor temperature andrelative humidity (RH) were also measured in all the trailers during sampling. Indoor temperatures were varied (increased or decreased) in a selection of THUs using theheating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems. Indoor temperatures during sampling ranged from 14o C to 33o C, and relative humidity (RH) varied between 35percentand 74percent. Ventilation rates were increased in some trailers using bathroom fans and vents during some of the sampling events. Ventilation rates measured during some aselection of sampling events varied from 0.14 to 4.3 h-1. Steady state indoor formaldehyde concentrations ranged from 10 mu g-m-3 to 1000 mu g-m-3. The formaldehyde concentrations in the trailers were of toxicological significance. The effects of temperature, humidity and ventilation rates were also studied. A linearregression model was built using log of percentage relative humidity, inverse of temperature (in K-1), and inverse log ACH as continuous independent variables, trailermanufacturer as a categorical independent variable, and log of the chemical emission factors as the dependent variable. The coefficients of inverse temperature, log relativehumidity, log inverse ACH with log emission factor were found to be statistically significant for all the samples at the 95percent confidence level. The regression model wasfound to explain about 84percent of the variation in the dependent variable. Most VOC concentrations measured indoors in the Purvis THUs were mostly found to be belowvalues reported in earlier studies by Maddalena et al.,1,2 Hodgson et al.,3 and Hippelein4. Emissions of TMPB-DIB (a plasticizer found in vinyl products) were found to be higher than values reported in comparable housing by Hodgson et al.,3. Emissions of phenol were also found to be slightly higher than values reported in earlier studies1,2,3. This study can assist in retrospective formaldehyde exposure assessments of THUs where estimates of the occupants indoor formaldehyde exposures are needed.

Parthasarathy, Srinandini; Maddalena, Randy L.; Russell, Marion L.; Apte, Michael G.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Regulations for beneficial use changing nationwide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Regulations on the use of coal combustion products (CCPs) that are being considered by various US states are reviewed.

Goss, D. [American Coal Ash Association (United States)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

The Building Standard (Scotland) Amendment Regulations 1964  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STATUTORY INSTRUMENTS 1964 No. 802 (S. 50) BUILDING AND BUILDINGS The Building Standards (Scotland) Amendment Regulations 1964...

Noble, Michael

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Shale Gas Development: A Smart Regulation Framework  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Shale Gas Development: A Smart Regulation Framework ... Mandatory reporting of greenhouse gases: Petroleum and natural gas systems; Final rule. ...

Katherine E. Konschnik; Mark K. Boling

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

306

Natural gas cavern storage regulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Investigation of an incident at an LPG storage facility in Texas by U.S. Department of Transportation resulted in recommendation that state regulation of natural gas cavern storage might be improved. Interstate Oil & Gas Compact Commission has established a subcommittee to analyze the benefits and risks associated with natural gas cavern storage, and to draft a regulation model which will suggest engineering and performance specifications. The resulting analysis and regulatory language will be reviewed by I.O.G.C.C., and if approved, distributed to member states (including New York) for consideration. Should the states desire assistance in modifying the language to reflect local variables, such as policy and geology, I.O.G.C.C. may offer assistance. The proposed presentation will review the I.O.G.C.C. product (if published at that date), and discuss implications of its application in New York.

Heneman, H.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Key Publications - Natural Gas Regulation | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Services Natural Gas Regulation Key Publications - Natural Gas Regulation Key Publications - Natural Gas Regulation Natural Gas Imports and Exports - Quarterly Reports July...

308

2011: Air Quality Regulations Report | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

: Air Quality Regulations Report 2011: Air Quality Regulations Report 2011 Air Quality Regulations ReportA120911.pdf More Documents & Publications 2011...

309

Chapter 9 of the Wyoming Public Service Commission Regulations...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wyoming Public Service Commission Regulations: General Forms Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: Chapter 9 of...

310

Frequency regulator for synchronous generators  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention is directed to a novel frequency regulator which controls a generator output frequency for variations in both the input power to the generator and the power supplied to an uncontrolled external load. The present invention further includes over current and current balance protection devices which are relatively inexpensive to manufacture, which may be encapsulated to provide protection from the operating environment and which respond more quickly than previously known electromechanical devices.

Karlicek, Robert F. (1920 Camino Centroloma, Fullerton, CA 92633)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Frequency regulator for synchronous generators  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention is directed to a novel frequency regulator which controls a generator output frequency for variations in both the input power to the generator and the power supplied to an uncontrolled external load. The present invention further includes over current and current balance protection devices which are relatively inexpensive to manufacture, which may be encapsulated to provide protection from the operating environment and which respond more quickly than previously known electromechanical devices. 11 figs.

Karlicek, R.F.

1982-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

312

Notes On Nuclear Energy Regulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Notes On Nuclear Energy Regulation ... Geology matters is a key lesson from the 2011 earthquake and tsunami that hit the coast of Japan, resulting in the meltdown of three nuclear reactors at the Fukushima Daiichi power plant complex, said Allison M. Macfarlane, new head of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, at her first press briefing last week. ... In her address to energy reporters, she focused on her top priorities for the commission. ...

JEFF JOHNSON

2012-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

313

Advanced Clean Cars Zero Emission Vehicle Regulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advanced Clean Cars Zero Emission Vehicle Regulation ZEV #12;Advanced Clean Cars ZEV Program 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 Current Regulation -ZEVs Current Regulation -PHEVs Projected: PHEVs 15Net ­ Blueprint Plan ­ Regional clusters, environmental and economic analysis · Clean Fuels Outlet

California at Davis, University of

314

Regulation of Hydraulic Fracturing in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

APRIL 2013 Regulation of Hydraulic Fracturing in California: A WAsteWAteR And WAteR QuAlity Pe | Regulation of Hydraulic Fracturing in California Wheeler Institute for Water Law & Policy Center for Law #12;Regulation of Hydraulic Fracturing in California | 3Berkeley law | wheeler InstItute for water law

Kammen, Daniel M.

315

NRC - regulator of nuclear safety  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) was formed in 1975 to regulate the various commercial and institutional uses of nuclear energy, including nuclear power plants. The agency succeeded the Atomic Energy Commission, which previously had responsibility for both developing and regulating nuclear activities. Federal research and development work for all energy sources, as well as nuclear weapons production, is now conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy. Under its responsibility to protect public health and safety, the NRC has three principal regulatory functions: (1) establish standards and regulations, (2) issue licenses for nuclear facilities and users of nuclear materials, and (3) inspect facilities and users of nuclear materials to ensure compliance with the requirements. These regulatory functions relate to both nuclear power plants and to other uses of nuclear materials - like nuclear medicine programs at hospitals, academic activities at educational institutions, research work, and such industrial applications as gauges and testing equipment. The NRC places a high priority on keeping the public informed of its work. The agency recognizes the interest of citizens in what it does through such activities as maintaining public document rooms across the country and holding public hearings, public meetings in local areas, and discussions with individuals and organizations.

NONE

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

PA Nutrient Management Regulations: Act 38 of 2005 Summary of Regulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PA Nutrient Management Regulations: Act 38 of 2005 Summary of Regulations Effective October 1, 2006 Who is regulated under this law (see Fact Sheet 54, from PSU): o Must be high animal density AND must of animals/4 acres = 2,500 lbs per acre (this is a regulated farm) o Also must have over 8,000 lbs of animals

Guiltinan, Mark

317

AdpA, key regulator for morphological differentiation regulates bacterial chromosome replication  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and source are credited. AdpA, key regulator for morphological differentiation regulates...of the most pleiotropic transcription regulators in bacteria, controls expression of...AraC/XylS family of transcription regulators, whose members contain a dual helix-turn-helix...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

A hybrid magnetic/complementary metal oxide semiconductor three-context memory bit cell for non-volatile circuit design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

After decades of continued scaling to the beat of Moore's law, it now appears that conventional silicon based devices are approaching their physical limits. In today's deep-submicron nodes, a number of short-channel and quantum effects are emerging that affect the manufacturing process, as well as, the functionality of the microelectronic systems-on-chip. Spintronics devices that exploit both the intrinsic spin of the electron and its associated magnetic moment, in addition to its fundamental electronic charge, are promising solutions to circumvent these scaling threats. Being compatible with the CMOS technology, such devices offer a promising synergy of radiation immunity, infinite endurance, non-volatility, increased density, etc. In this paper, we present a hybrid (magnetic/CMOS) cell that is able to store and process data both electrically and magnetically. The cell is based on perpendicular spin-transfer torque magnetic tunnel junctions (STT-MTJs) and is suitable for use in magnetic random access memories and reprogrammable computing (non-volatile registers, processor cache memories, magnetic field-programmable gate arrays, etc). To demonstrate the potential our hybrid cell, we physically implemented a small hybrid memory block using 45?nm 45?nm round MTJs for the magnetic part and 28?nm fully depleted silicon on insulator (FD-SOI) technology for the CMOS part. We also report the cells measured performances in terms of area, robustness, read/write speed and energy consumption.

Jovanovi?, B., E-mail: bojan.jovanovic@lirmm.fr, E-mail: lionel.torres@lirmm.fr; Brum, R. M.; Torres, L. [LIRMMUniversity of Montpellier 2/UMR CNRS 5506, 161 Rue Ada, 34095 Montpellier (France)

2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

319

The use of auxiliary ignition devices to improve combustion of low centane-high volatility fuels in a diesel engine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of auxiliary ignition devices to improve the combustion of low cetane-high volatility fuels in a Diesel engine is described. Previous combustion with a low cetane-high volatility fuel (with a spark plug located at the periphery of the cylinder) resulted in engine knock at heavy loads and poor engine operation at light loads. In the present investigation, several new ignition devices were used to ignite the fuel in the center of the cylinder, to allow combustion to be controlled by rate of injection. The devices used were an extended spark electrode, a fuel spray deflector, a nozzle glow ring, and a nozzle fuel cage. High speed photography and heat release were used to characterize the ignition and combustion process of the low cetane fuel in conjunction with the ignition devices. Combustion with all of the ignition devices was initiated in the center of the cylinder, significantly reducing engine knock. The use of the auxiliary ignition devices to ignite the fuel in the center of the chamber demonstrated extended operation of the Diesel engine for all of the devices tested.

Stroia, B.L.; Abata. D.L.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Dam Safety Regulation (Mississippi) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Dam Safety Regulation (Mississippi) Dam Safety Regulation (Mississippi) Dam Safety Regulation (Mississippi) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Transportation Utility Savings Category Water Buying & Making Electricity Home Weatherization Program Info State Mississippi Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality The purpose of the Dam Safety Regulation is to ensure that all dams constructed in the state of Mississippi are permitted and thus do not potentially harm wildlife, water supplies and property. Any person or entity proposing to construct, enlarge, repair, or alter a dam or reservoir

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility rvp regulations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Forest Road Building Regulations | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

You are here You are here Home » Forest Road Building Regulations Forest Road Building Regulations < Back Eligibility Utility Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Fuel Distributor Nonprofit Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info Start Date 09/2010 State Wisconsin Program Type Environmental Regulations The Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources has regulations for building a forest road, if development requires one. Regulations include zoning ordinances and permits for stream crossing, grading, stormwater, and

322

Underground Storage Tank Regulations | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Underground Storage Tank Regulations Underground Storage Tank Regulations Underground Storage Tank Regulations < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Program Info State Mississippi Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Environmental Quality The Underground Storage Tank Regulations is relevant to all energy projects

323

Laws and Regulations | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Laws and Regulations Laws and Regulations Laws and Regulations Federal laws and regulations set multiple energy management requirements for Federal agencies spanning energy efficiency, renewable energy, water conservation, and alternative fuel use. This section outlines Federal energy management authorities through: Requirements by Subject Requirements by Regulation. The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) analyzes energy management authorities and develops rules and guidance to help Federal agencies comply with applicable requirements. Reporting requirements and Federal Government performance reports are also available through: Notices and Rules Facility Reporting Fleet Reporting. EISA 432 Compliance Tracking Track Federal agency progress toward Section 432 of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 using FEMP's EISA 432

324

Coal Mining Regulations (Kentucky) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Coal Mining Regulations (Kentucky) Coal Mining Regulations (Kentucky) Coal Mining Regulations (Kentucky) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Developer Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Retail Supplier Program Info State Kentucky Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Kentucky Department for Energy Development and Independence Kentucky Administrative Regulation Title 405 chapters 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 10, 12, 16, 18 and 20 establish the laws governing coal mining in the state. The Department of Natural Resources under the authority of the Energy and Environment Cabinet is responsible for enforcing these laws and assuring compliance with the 1977 Federal Surface Mining Control Act (SMCRA). The Division of Mine Reclamation and Enforcement is responsible for inspecting

325

Public Utility Regulation (Iowa) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Utility Regulation (Iowa) Utility Regulation (Iowa) Public Utility Regulation (Iowa) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fuel Distributor Industrial Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Iowa Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Iowa Utilities Board This section applies to any person, partnership, business association, or corporation that owns or operates any facilities for furnishing gas by piped distribution system, electricity, communications services, or water to the public for compensation. Regulations pertaining to these facilities can be found in this section. Some exemptions apply

326

Regulations of Wells (Florida) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Regulations of Wells (Florida) Regulations of Wells (Florida) Regulations of Wells (Florida) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Florida Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Florida Department of Environmental Protection The Department of Environmental Protection regulates the construction, repair, and abandonment of wells, as well as the persons and businesses undertaking such practices. Governing boards of water management districts

327

Natural Gas Regulations (Kentucky) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Natural Gas Regulations (Kentucky) Natural Gas Regulations (Kentucky) Natural Gas Regulations (Kentucky) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Developer Fuel Distributor Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Program Info State Kentucky Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Department For Natural Resources Kentucky Administrative Regulation title 805 promulgates the rules and regulations pertaining to natural gas production in Kentucky. In addition to KAR title 405, chapter 30, which pertains to any oil shale operation, these regulations govern natural gas operations throughout the state. The following information is found in KAR title 404 chapter 30: Oil shale operations or related activity require a valid permit covering

328

Optimized regulator for the quantized anharmonic oscillator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The energy gap between the first excited state and the ground state is calculated for the quantized anharmonic oscillator in the framework of the functional renormalization group method. The compactly supported smooth regulator is used which includes various types of regulators as limiting cases. It was found that the value of the energy gap depends on the regulator parameters. We argue that the optimization based on the disappearance of the false, broken symmetric phase of the model leads to the Litim's regulator. The least sensitivity on the regulator parameters leads however to an IR regulator being somewhat different of the Litim's one, but it can be described as a perturbatively improved, or generalized Litim's regulator and provides analytic evolution equations, too.

J. Kovacs; S. Nagy; K. Sailer

2014-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

329

WAC - 173-401 Operating Permit Regulation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Operating Permit Regulation Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: WAC - 173-401 Operating Permit RegulationLegal...

330

Comparing Emissions Benefits from Regulating Heavy Vehicle Idling...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

from Regulating Heavy Vehicle Idling Comparing Emissions Benefits from Regulating Heavy Vehicle Idling 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference...

331

Systems analysis of multiple regulator perturbations allows discoveryo...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Systems analysis of multiple regulator perturbations allows discoveryof virulence factors in Salmonella. Systems analysis of multiple regulator perturbations allows discoveryof...

332

GP-8 LAWS AND REGULATIONS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

DOP (5-2011) DOP (5-2011) Supersedes (7-2010) issue DECLARATION of OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE PROVIDER GENERAL INFORMATION PURPOSE All Contractors and their lower-tier subcontractors must comply with the Department of Energy's Worker Safety and Health Program regulation, 10 CFR 851, "Worker Safety and Health Program (WSHP). The WSHP enforces worker safety and health requirements including, but not limited to, standards of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), American National Standards Institute (ANSI) and Workers Compensation Laws as incorporated in the SNL WSHP. APPLICABILITY Contractors at all tiers which meet the applicability criteria must establish and provide comprehensive

333

Methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) is a volatile organic com-pound (VOC) derived from natural gas that is added to gas-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) is a volatile organic com- pound (VOC) derived from natural gas Water in Urban and Agricultural Areas made from methanol, which is derived primarily from natural gas that is added to gas- oline either seasonally or year round in many parts of the United States to increase

334

The price fluctuations of the stock market display fascinating properties. The volatility is around one order of magnitude too large than what is predicted  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract The price fluctuations of the stock market display fascinating properties. The volatility decisions. We also study the price formation and the microstructure of financial markets, at the level of the order book which organizes transactions. We explain why the price is diffusive despite the fact

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

335

Occurrence and Potential Human-Health Relevance of Volatile Organic Compounds in Drinking Water from Domestic Wells in the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Occurrence and Potential Human-Health Relevance of Volatile Organic Compounds in Drinking Water from Domestic Wells in the United States *Barbara L. Rowe1 , Patricia L. Toccalino2 , Michael J. Moran1 , John S. Zogorski1 , Curtis V. Price1 1 United States Geological Survey, Road, Rapid City, SD 57702 USA

336

Solid-Phase Microextraction in Combination with GCFID for Quantification of the Volatile Free Fatty Acids in Wastewater from Constructed Wetlands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......1,2), river water, or industrial and...phosphorus and nitrogen) removal processes...biotransformation of nitrogen in activated sludge...importance of VFAs in water treatment systems...spectrometry (14), gas chromatography...volatility, and solubility in water of VFAs......

Lin Feng; Yuming Huang; Hao Wang

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Communication accepte: Healthy Buildings/IAQ'97 Washington DC, septembre 1997Communication accepte: Healthy Buildings/IAQ'97 Washington DC, septembre 1997 DISCRIMINATION OF VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Communication acceptée: Healthy Buildings/IAQ'97 Washington DC, septembre 1997Communication acceptée: Healthy Buildings/IAQ'97 Washington DC, septembre 1997 DISCRIMINATION OF VOLATILE ORGANIC manuscript, published in "4th International Conference on Healthy Buildings'97, Washington : United States

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

338

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. X, NO. Y, MONTH 2012 1 Volatility of Power Grids under Real-Time Pricing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for engineering modern power grids with the capacity to integrate renewable energy resources at large scale THE increasing demand for energy along with growing environmental concerns have led to a national agendaIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. X, NO. Y, MONTH 2012 1 Volatility of Power Grids under

Bhatia, Sangeeta

339

Direct green extraction of volatile aroma compounds using vegetable oils as solvents: Theoretical and experimental solubility study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The current study aimed at evaluation of the dissolving power of various vegetable oils in both theoretical and experimental way for the extraction of volatile aroma compounds (VACs) from basil. The solubility of six main \\{VACs\\} from basil in ten vegetable oils was firstly investigated through a theoretical modeling of their Hansen solubility parameters (HSP), followed by real experimental extractions using vegetable oils as solvents instead of petroleum-based solvents such as dichloromethane. Furthermore, multivariate statistical analyses were performed to partition vegetable oils into clusters referring to their dissolving power of VACs, which could be quantified by gas chromatographymass spectroscopy (GCMS) coupling to the headspace solid phase micro-extraction (HS-SPME). The results indicated that the solubility of \\{VACs\\} in enriched vegetable oils was significantly different (psolvents for further application in green extraction of natural products, in which sunflower oil gave the best performance.

Ying Li; Anne Sylvie Fabiano-Tixier; Christian Ginies; Farid Chemat

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Massachusetts Endangered Species Act Regulations (Massachusetts) |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Endangered Species Act Regulations (Massachusetts) Endangered Species Act Regulations (Massachusetts) Massachusetts Endangered Species Act Regulations (Massachusetts) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Massachusetts Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Department of Fish and Game

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility rvp regulations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Utility Regulation (Indiana) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Regulation (Indiana) Regulation (Indiana) Utility Regulation (Indiana) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial General Public/Consumer Industrial Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Indiana Program Type Generating Facility Rate-Making Provider Indiana Utility Regulatory Commission The Indiana Utility Regulatory Commission enforces regulations in this legislation that apply to all individuals, corporations, companies, and partnerships that may own, operate, manage, or control any equipment for the production, transmission, delivery, or furnishing of heat, light,

342

Dam Safety Regulations (Connecticut) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Safety Regulations (Connecticut) Safety Regulations (Connecticut) Dam Safety Regulations (Connecticut) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Water Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State Connecticut Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Energy and Environmental Protection All dams, except those owned by the U.S., are under the jurisdiction of these regulations. These dams will be classified by hazard rating, and may

343

Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan Regulation Act (Florida) |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan Regulation Act (Florida) Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan Regulation Act (Florida) Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan Regulation Act (Florida) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Florida Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Florida Department of Environmental Protection

344

Exporting licensing regulations affecting US geothermal firms  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document presents a brief introduction and overview of the Department of Commerce's Export Administration Regulations which might affect potential US geothermal goods exporters. It is intended to make US geothermal firms officials aware of the existence of such regulations and to provide them with references, contacts and phone numbers where they can obtain specific and detailed information and assistance. It must be stressed however, that the ultimate responsibility for complying with the above mentioned regulations lies with the exporter who must consult the complete version of the regulations.

Not Available

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Regulations, Guidelines and Codes and Standards  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Many regulations, guidelines, and codes and standards have already been established through years of hydrogen use in industrial and aerospace applications. In addition, systems and organizations...

346

Regulation Services with Demand Response - Energy Innovation...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Regulation Services with Demand Response Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Contact PNNL About This Technology Using grid frequency information, researchers have created...

347

Regulations for Air Quality (Quebec, Canada)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This Regulation establishes emission standards for particulates and gases, emission opacity standards, standards of air quality and control measures to prevent, eliminate or reduce the emission of...

348

Predatory Pricing Safeguards and Telecommunications Regulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Telecommunications regulation frequently employs safeguards against anticompetitive practices, usually in the form ... structural separation also was used extensively as a safeguard, and persists in the Computer ...

Alexander Larson

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Council on Environmental Quality - Regulations for Implementing...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: Council on Environmental Quality - Regulations for Implementing the Procedural Provisions of the NEPALegal Abstract...

350

Solid Waste Regulations (Nova Scotia, Canada)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Nova Scotia Environment administers waste management for the province. Regulations include specific rules and standards for landfills, establish a Resource Recovery Fund, and guidelines for...

351

Inland Wetlands and Water Courses Regulations (Connecticut)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Regulated activities in or near inland wetlands and water courses include the removal or depositing of material, land or water obstruction or alteration, construction, pollution, or water diversion...

352

EPA Regulations Overview Website | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Overview Website Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: EPA Regulations Overview Website Abstract This website contains information about laws...

353

ACHP - Section 106 Regulations Flowchart Explanatory Material...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Explanatory Material Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: ACHP - Section 106 Regulations Flowchart Explanatory Material Abstract This...

354

Noncommutative geometry as a regulator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We give a perturbative quantization of R4 space-time in the case where the commutators C??=[X?,X?] of the underlying algebra generators are not central. We argue that this kind of quantum space-time can be used as a regulator for quantum field theories. In particular we show, in the case of ?4 theory, that by choosing appropriately the commutators C?? we can remove all the infinities by reproducing all the counterterms. In other words, the renormalized action on R4 plus the counterterms can be rewritten as only a renormalized action on the quantum space-time QR4. We conjecture therefore that the renormalization of quantum field theory is equivalent to the quantization of the underlying space-time R4.

Badis Ydri

2000-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

355

Regulation of Quality and the Ratchet Effect: Does Unverifiability Hurt the Regulator?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper considers a regulatory relationship in which the quality of the output produced by the firm may be hard to verify. When the regulators commitment power is unlimited, one finds that unverifiability alwa...

Dag Morten Dalen

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Implementation Regulations MSc Chemical Engineering 2013-2014 THE IMPLEMENTATION REGULATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.......................................................................................................4 Article 7 ­ The Nuclear Science & Engineering track. The programme comprises the following tracks: - Chemical Product Engineering, - Process Engineering, - NuclearImplementation Regulations MSc Chemical Engineering 2013-2014 THE IMPLEMENTATION REGULATIONS 2013

357

Engineer Regulation 1110-2-1150  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CECW-EP Engineer Regulation 1110-2-1150 Department of the Army U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Washington, DC 20314-1000 ER 1110-2-1150 31 August 1999 Engineering and Design ENGINEERING AND DESIGN 1110-2-1150 U.S. Army Corps of Engineers CECW-EP Washington, D.C. 20314-1000 Regulation No. 1110

US Army Corps of Engineers

358

Biotechnology regulation: White House holds the ring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) says, in a major statement on biotechnology regulation*, that the Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee (RAC) of the National Institutes of ... research, and endorses the actions of the Environmental Protection Agency in moving to regulate industrial biotechnology.

Tim Beardsley

1985-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

359

NEW INVESTIGATOR GRANT MRF GRANT REGULATIONS & GUIDELINES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NEW INVESTIGATOR GRANT MRF GRANT REGULATIONS & GUIDELINES FOR ADMINISTRATION OF GRANTS AWARDED BY THE MEDICAL RESEARCH FOUNDATION COMMITTEE OF OREGON REGULATIONS 1. MRF grants are awarded to institutions. The grantee institution will account for expenditures at the close of the grant period. 2. Funds will be used

Chapman, Michael S.

360

Regulation of phosphate starvation response in Arabidopsis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2006 Major Subject: Biology REGULATION OF PHOSPHATE STARVATION RESPONSE IN ARABIDOPSIS A Thesis by BETH ELENE ARMSTRONG THOMAS Submitted... Alan Pepper Dorothy Shippen Head of Department, Vincent Cassone December 2006 Major Subject: Biology iii ABSTRACT Regulation of Phosphate Starvation Response...

Thomas, Beth Elene Armstrong

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility rvp regulations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Ethylene, the Natural Regulator of Leaf Abscission  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... ETHYLENE is increasingly thought of as an integral part of plant auto-regulation1; a concept ... as an integral part of plant auto-regulation1; a concept originating from the discovery that ethylene was a natural product of plant metabolism2,3. More recently, the use of gas ...

MICHAEL B. JACKSON; DAPHNE J. OSBORNE

1970-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

362

Regulation mechanisms in spatial stochastic development models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The aim of this paper is to analyze different regulation mechanisms in spatial continuous stochastic development models. We describe the density behavior for models with global mortality and local establishment rates. We prove that the local self-regulation via a competition mechanism (density dependent mortality) may suppress a unbounded growth of the averaged density if the competition kernel is superstable.

Dmitri Finkelshtein; Yuri Kondratiev

2008-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

363

Federal Energy Management Program: Laws & Regulations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Laws and Regulations Laws and Regulations EISA 432 Compliance Tracking Track Federal agency progress toward Section 432 of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 using FEMP's EISA 432 Compliance Tracking System. Federal laws and regulations set multiple energy management requirements for Federal agencies spanning energy efficiency, renewable energy, water conservation, and alternative fuel use. This section outlines Federal energy management authorities through: Requirements by Subject: Find regulatory requirements and related guidance by topic area. Requirements by Regulation: Take an in-depth look at individual laws and regulations. The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) analyzes energy management authorities and develops rules and guidance to help Federal agencies comply with applicable requirements. Reporting requirements and Federal Government performance reports are also available through:

364

Of Refrigerators & Regulations | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Of Refrigerators & Regulations Of Refrigerators & Regulations Of Refrigerators & Regulations February 8, 2011 - 9:29am Addthis Jesse Lee White House Director of Online Affairs Editor's Note: This entry has been cross-posted from The White House Blog. For those interested in the President's remarks to the U.S. Chamber of Commerce and his views on the shared responsibilities of government and business to the American people, our post earlier will give a suitable overview. For those interested in the details of the President's Executive Order on reviewing regulations and their impacts on the economy, Cass Sunstein's post this morning will also be of value. But the President also took a moment during his speech to put the debate over regulation in a different perspective, and to break through the false dichotomy so often

365

SUBPART B - Exception Regulations | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

SUBPART B - Exception Regulations SUBPART B - Exception Regulations SUBPART B - Exception Regulations SUBPART B--EXCEPTIONS Sec. 1003.20 Purpose and scope. (a) This subpart establishes the procedures for applying for an exception, as provided for in § 504 (42 U.S.C. 7194) of the Department of Energy Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7101 et seq.), from a rule, regulation or DOE action having the effect of a rule as defined by 5 U.S.C. 551(4), based on an assertion of serious hardship, gross inequity or unfair distribution of burdens, and for the consideration of such application by the OHA. The procedures contained in this subpart may be incorporated by reference in another DOE rule or regulation which invokes the adjudicatory authority of the Office of Hearings and Appeals. The procedures may also be made

366

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Natural Gas Regulation | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Natural Gas Regulation Natural Gas Regulation Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Natural Gas Regulation Categorical Exclusion Determinations issued by Natural Gas Regulation. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD October 14, 2011 CX-006821: Categorical Exclusion Determination ConocoPhillips Company CX(s) Applied: B5.7 Date: 10/14/2011 Location(s): Quintana Island, Texas Office(s): Fossil Energy, NNSA-Headquarters July 19, 2011 CX-006219: Categorical Exclusion Determination Freeport Liquefied Natural Gas Development, L.P. CX(s) Applied: B5.7 Date: 07/19/2011 Location(s): Freeport, Texas Office(s): Fossil Energy, Natural Gas Regulation January 19, 2011 CX-005025: Categorical Exclusion Determination Eni USA Gas Marketing, LLC CX(s) Applied: B5.7 Date: 01/19/2011 Location(s): Cameron Parish, Louisiana

367

E-Print Network 3.0 - air toxic regulations Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AQPM air quality program manager ARP accidental release prevention ATCM air toxic control... -volatile organic compound TAC toxic air contaminant TCA trichloroethane TCE...

368

Experimental studies and thermodynamic modelling of volatilities of uranium, plutonium, and americium from their oxides and from their oxides interacted with ash  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is to identify the types and amounts of volatile gaseous species of U, Pu, and Am that are produced in the combustion chamber offgases of mixed waste oxidation processors. Primary emphasis is on the Rocky Flats Plant Fluidized Bed Incinerator. Transpiration experiments have been carried out on U{sub 3}O{sub 8}(s), U{sub 3}O{sub 8} interacted with various ash materials, PuO{sub 2}(s), PuO{sub 2} interacted with ash materials, and a 3%PuO{sub 2}/0.06%AmO{sub 2}/ash material, all in the presence of steam and oxygen, and at temperatures in the vicinity of 1,300 K. UO{sub 3}(g) and UO{sub 2}(OH){sub 2}(g) have been identified as the uranium volatile species and thermodynamic data established for them. Pu and Am are found to have very low volatilities, and carryover of Pu and Am as fine dust particulates is found to dominate over vapor transport. The authors are able to set upper limits on Pu and Am volatilities. Very little lowering of U volatility is found for U{sub 3}O{sub 8} interacted with typical ashes. However, ashes high in Na{sub 2}O (6.4 wt %) or in CaO (25 wt %) showed about an order of magnitude reduction in U volatility. Thermodynamic modeling studies were carried out that show that for aluminosilicate ash materials, it is the presence of group I and group II oxides that reduces the activity of the actinide oxides. K{sub 2}O is the most effective followed by Na{sub 2}O and CaO for common ash constituents. A more major effect in actinide activity lowering could be achieved by adding excess group I or group II oxides to exceed their interaction with the ash and lead to direct formation of alkali or alkaline earth uranates, plutonates, and americates.

Krikorian, O.H.; Ebbinghaus, B.B.; Adamson, M.G.; Fontes, A.S. Jr.; Fleming, D.L.

1993-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

369

EIA - AEO2010 - Legislation and Regulations  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Legislation and Regulations Legislation and Regulations Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projections to 2035 Legislation and Regulations Introduction The Reference case projections in AEO2010 generally assume that current laws and regulations affecting the energy sector remain unchanged throughout the projection period (including the implication that laws which include sunset dates do, in fact, become ineffective at the time of those sunset dates). The potential impacts of pending or proposed legislation, regulations, and standards—or of sections of legislation that have been enacted but that require regulations for which the implementing agency will exercise major discretion, or require appropriation of funds that are not provided or specified in the legislation itself—are not reflected in the Reference case projections. However, sensitivity cases that incorporate alternative assumptions about the future of existing policies subject to periodic updates also are included. The Federal and State laws and regulations included in AEO2010 are based on those in effect as of the end of October 2009. In addition, at the request of the Administration and Congress, EIA has regularly examined the potential implications of proposed legislation in Service Reports (see EIA Service Reports released since January 2009).

370

Transcriptional regulation constrains the organization of genes on eukaryotic chromosomes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transcriptional regulation constrains the organization of genes on eukaryotic chromosomes Sarath. Although it is known that eukaryotic transcriptional regulation is complex and requires an intricate-order organization of genes across and within chromosomes that is constrained by transcriptional regulation

Babu, M. Madan

371

Form:Federal Oil and Gas Regulation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Regulation Jump to: navigation, search Federal Oil and Gas Regulation This is the "Federal Oil and Gas Regulation" form. To create a page with this form, enter the page name below;...

372

Statutes, Regulations, and Directives for Classification Program |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Classification » Statutes, Regulations, and Directives Classification » Statutes, Regulations, and Directives for Classification Program Statutes, Regulations, and Directives for Classification Program Classification Atomic Energy Act of 1954 - Establishes Government-wide policies for classifying, safeguarding, and declassifying Restricted Data information. 10 CFR Part 1045, Nuclear Classification and Declassification - Establishes the Government-wide policies and procedures for implementing sections 141 and 142 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 for classifying and declassifying RD and FRD and implements those requirements of Executive Order 12958 concerning NSI that affect the public. Executive Order 13526, Classified National Security Information - Prescribes the Government-wide system for classifying, safeguarding, and

373

Proper time regulator and renormalization group flow  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider some applications of the renormalization group flow equations obtained by resorting to a specific class of proper time regulators. Within this class a particular limit that corresponds to a sharpening of the effective width of the regulator is investigated and a procedure to analytically implement this limit on the flow equations is shown. We focus on the critical exponents determination for the O(N) symmetric scalar theory in three dimensions. The large N limit and some perturbative features in four dimensions are also analyzed. In all problems examined the results are optimized when the mentioned limit of the proper time regulator is taken.

M. Mazza and D. Zappal

2001-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

374

Proper time regulator and Renormalization Group flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider some applications of the Renormalization Group flow equations obtained by resorting to a specific class of proper time regulators. Within this class a particular limit that corresponds to a sharpening of the effective width of the regulator is investigated and a procedure to analytically implement this limit on the flow equations is shown. We focus on the critical exponents determination for the O(N) symmetric scalar theory in three dimensions. The large N limit and some perturbative features in four dimensions are also analysed. In all problems examined the results are optimized when the mentioned limit of the proper time regulator is taken.

M. Mazza; D. Zappala'

2001-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

375

Harnessing science for environmental regulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An introductory chapter by Graham frames the issues to be discussed; then the following three chapters describe the formation and character of three organizations. These chapters are written by authors who have each had an active management role in the organization they are writing about: Terry F. Yosie, now at the American Petroleum Institute, who staffed the SAB (Science Advisory Board) while he was at EPA; Robert A. Neal, who headed CIIT (Chemical Industry Institute of Toxicology) before leaving for a position at Vanderbilt University; and Thomas P. Grumbly, former executive director of HEI (Health Effects Institute) now president of Clean Sites, Inc. While these chapters are well written and make a vital contribution to the overall development of the book's themes, the most valuable and enjoyable parts of the book are the succeeding five chapters, which present case studies dealing with EPA's regulatory efforts on unleaded gasoline, perchloroethylene, formaldehyde, nitrates in drinking water, and carbon monoxide. Each of these case studies, nominally historical accounts of how one or more of these (three) organizations participated in the regulatory controversy, offer insight into the broader issues of dealing with, and incorporating into regulations scientific information that has high uncertainty. One of the richest aspects of the five case studies is the extensive use of referenced interviews with identified participants from all aspects of the regulatory process. This material illuminates the motivation, emotions, and goals of the different players, helping the reader to understand their positions and other issues, such as why industry pursues, and EPA and the environmental movement appear to resist, good science; what underlies EPA's preferences for one regulatory option over another; and why scientists are histant to give yes-or-no answers in accord with the real time needs of the regulatory agency.

Graham, J.D. (ed.)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

The mechanism of coking pressure generation II: Effect of high volatile matter coking coal, semi-anthracite and coke breeze on coking pressure and contraction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One of the most important aspects of the cokemaking process is to control and limit the coking pressure since excessive coking pressure can lead to operational problems and oven wall damage. Following on from a previous paper on plastic layer permeability we have studied the effect of contraction of semi-coke on coking pressure and the effect of organic additives on contraction. A link between contraction (or simulated contraction) outside the plastic layer and coking pressure was demonstrated. The interaction between this contraction, local bulk density around the plastic layer and the dependence of the permeability of the plastic layer on bulk density was discussed as possible mechanisms for the generation of coking pressure. The effect of blending either a high volatile matter coal or one of two semi-anthracites with low volatile matter, high coking pressure coals on the coking pressure of the binary blends has been explained using this mechanism.

Merrick Mahoney; Seiji Nomura; Koichi Fukuda; Kenji Kato; Anthony Le Bas; David R. Jenkins; Sid McGuire

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Consulting, Construction and Operating Results of a Full-Scale Biotechnological Plant for the Oxidation of Iron and Manganese with Simultaneous Elimination of Volatile Chlorinated Hydrocarbons from Ground Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ground water in the south part of Hannover, known ... Sdstadt, is partially polluted with volatile chlorinated hydrocarbons (C1HC). This contamination originated from a ... the factory stands as well as the...

V. Quentmeier; M. Saake

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Insurance Regulation  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Electric Vehicle (EV) Electric Vehicle (EV) Insurance Regulation to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Insurance Regulation on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Insurance Regulation on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Insurance Regulation on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Insurance Regulation on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Insurance Regulation on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Insurance Regulation on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Electric Vehicle (EV) Insurance Regulation

379

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Municipal Alternative Fuel Tax Regulation  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Municipal Alternative Municipal Alternative Fuel Tax Regulation to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Municipal Alternative Fuel Tax Regulation on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Municipal Alternative Fuel Tax Regulation on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Municipal Alternative Fuel Tax Regulation on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Municipal Alternative Fuel Tax Regulation on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Municipal Alternative Fuel Tax Regulation on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Municipal Alternative Fuel Tax Regulation on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Municipal Alternative Fuel Tax Regulation

380

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Dispensing Regulations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Ethanol Fuel Blend Ethanol Fuel Blend Dispensing Regulations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Dispensing Regulations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Dispensing Regulations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Dispensing Regulations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Dispensing Regulations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Dispensing Regulations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Dispensing Regulations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Fuel Blend Dispensing Regulations

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility rvp regulations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Incomplete Environmental Regulation, Imperfect Competition, and Emissions Leakage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

D. (2005), Economic impacts of RGGI under the proposed SWGenvironmental regulation (RGGI, 2007; CEC 2006c). Emissionsfrom environmental regulation (RGGI, 2007; CCAP, 2005). In a

Fowlie, Meredith

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Federal Regulations for Natural Gas Imports and Exports | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Federal Regulations for Natural Gas Imports and Exports Federal Regulations for Natural Gas Imports and Exports Section 3 of the Natural Gas Act More Documents & Publications...

383

Notice of 2009 Guidance on Energy Efficiency Enforcement Regulations...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Notice of 2009 Guidance on Energy Efficiency Enforcement Regulations Notice of 2009 Guidance on Energy Efficiency Enforcement Regulations Notice - DOE Guidance on Energy Efficiency...

384

Emission Regulations Reduced Impact of Climate Change in CA  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Emission Regulations Reduced Impact of Climate Change in CA Emission Regulations Reduced Impact of Climate Change in CA Study shows clean diesel programs slashed black carbon, a...

385

Re: Request for Information on Regulatory Burden of DOE Regulations...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Request for Information on Regulatory Burden of DOE Regulations Re: Request for Information on Regulatory Burden of DOE Regulations Comments from Edison Electric Institute on DOE's...

386

Chapter 1 - Acquisition Regulations System | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

- Acquisition Regulations System 1.1AcquisitionRegulationSystem0.pdf 1.2HeadofContractingActivity(HCA)Authority,Functions,andResponsibilities0.pdf...

387

Ultralight Pressure Regulator for Application in Pneumatic Prostheses:.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Available pressure regulators are considered too heavy for application in pneumatic prostheses. Goal of this paper is developing a lighter pressure regulator adapted for this (more)

Rob, J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Update on Diesel Exhaust Emission Control Technology and Regulations  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Control Technology and Regulations Tim Johnson August 2004 2 Diesel emission control technology is making significant progress * Diesel regulations are getting tighter in all...

389

REEEP/UNIDO Sustainable Energy Regulation and Policymaking for...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

REEEPUNIDO Sustainable Energy Regulation and Policymaking for Africa Toolkit < REEEP Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Sustainable Energy Regulation and...

390

Characterization of Volatile Compounds of Indian Cress Absolute by GC-Olfactometry/VIDEO-Sniff and Comprehensive Two-Dimensional Gas Chromatography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Characterization of Volatile Compounds of Indian Cress Absolute by GC-Olfactometry/VIDEO-Sniff and Comprehensive Two-Dimensional Gas Chromatography ... During the sniffing sessions, the sniffers were instructed (a) to signal each odor perceived by pressing a push button for as long as the odor lasted, (b) to describe the odors orally, and (c) to quantify their intensity on a five-point scale (2). ...

Katharina Breme; Pascal Tournayre; Xavier Fernandez; Uwe J. Meierhenrich; Hugues Brevard; Daniel Joulain; Jean Louis Berdague?

2009-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

391

Effects of the addition of water-filled bladders or volatile fatty acids to the rumen on the feeding behaviour in lactating dairy cows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tests (rumen bladders and VFA infusion) were carried out at 4, 9, 15 and 35 wk after calving in 4) was compared to a bladder-free control. In the second test, a con- tinuous infusion of 20.3 MJ/d volatile fatty- men was compared to a control infusion (7 g NaCl, 3.7 g KCI and 2.4 ml HCI 2 N perI water

Boyer, Edmond

392

Microcarbon residue yield and heteroatom partitioning between volatiles and solids for whole vacuum resids and their liquid chromatographic fractions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Five petroleum >1000{degrees}F resids were separated into compound type fractions using liquid chromatography. The coking tendency of each compound type was assessed using the microcarbon residue (MCR) test (ASTM D 4530). Heteroatom (N, S, Ni, V) partitioning between MCR solids versus volatiles was determined through analysis of the starting fractions and the corresponding MCR solids. The weighted sum of MCR solid yields over all compound types in a given resid was typically in good agreement with the MCR yield of the whole resid. This finding agrees with prior studies indicating coke yield to be an additive property. Sulfur partitioning was also an additive property, was predictable from MCR yield, and was nearly independent of the initial form (sulfide, thiophenic, sulfoxide) present. Nitrogen and nickel partitioning were nonadditive and therefore composition dependent. Partitioning of vanadium into solids was essentially quantitative for all resids and their fractions. MCR solid yield was generally dependent only on H/C ratio. However, there is some evidence indicating secondary dependence on hydrocarbon structure; i.e., that naphthenic rings reduce MCR in proportion to H/C by virtue of their effective hydrogen transfer properties. Deposition of N and Ni into MCR solids over the fractions was often appreciably less than that of the whole resids, thereby indicating that interaction among various compound types was required for maximum incorporation of those elements into coke.

Green, J.B.; Shay, J.Y.; Reynolds, J.W.; Green, J.A.; Young, L.L.; White, M.E.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

EqualChance: Addressing Intra-set Write Variation to Increase Lifetime of Non-volatile Caches  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To address the limitations of SRAM such as high-leakage and low-density, researchers have explored use of non-volatile memory (NVM) devices, such as ReRAM (resistive RAM) and STT-RAM (spin transfer torque RAM) for designing on-chip caches. A crucial limitation of NVMs, however, is that their write endurance is low and the large intra-set write variation introduced by existing cache management policies may further exacerbate this problem, thereby reducing the cache lifetime significantly. We present EqualChance, a technique to increase cache lifetime by reducing intra-set write variation. EqualChance works by periodically changing the physical cache-block location of a write-intensive data item within a set to achieve wear-leveling. Simulations using workloads from SPEC CPU2006 suite and HPC (high-performance computing) field show that EqualChance improves the cache lifetime by 4.29X. Also, its implementation overhead is small, and it incurs very small performance and energy loss.

Mittal, Sparsh [ORNL; Vetter, Jeffrey S [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Contribution of power and desalination plants to the levels of volatile liquid hydrocarbons in the nearby coastal areas of Kuwait  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The levels and distribution of volatile liquid hydrocarbons (VLHs) were determined in Kuwait`s coastal areas in the vicinity of outlets of power and desalination plants. About 230 samples were collected from the selected sampling locations over the 4 seasons. The VLHs in the samples were analyzed using Grob`s closed-loop stripping technique and GC with FID and confirmed by GC/MS. The results showed that significant levels of VLHs were present. The levels ranged from 307 to 6,500 ng/L and from 2,880 to 7,811 ng/L in Kuwait Bay and Sulaibekhat Bay, respectively. The annual average for VLHs near Al-Zor power plant ranged from 465 to 4,665 ng/L. Benzenoids formed the bulk (about 80%) of the VLHs present. Comparison with the levels in the outlets indicated that Doha West power plant contributed much higher levels of VLHs to the coastal areas than Al-Zor plant.

Saeed, T.; Khordagui, H.; Al-Hashash, H. [Kuwait Inst. for Scientific Research, Safat (Kuwait). Environmental Sciences Dept.] [Kuwait Inst. for Scientific Research, Safat (Kuwait). Environmental Sciences Dept.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Air filters from HVAC systems as possible source of volatile organic compounds (VOC) laboratory and field assays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The emission of volatile organic compounds (VOC) from air filters of HVAC systems was to be evaluated. In a first study carbonyl compounds (14 aldehydes and two ketones) were measured by reacting them with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH). Analysis was done by HPLC and UV detection. In laboratory experiments pieces of used and unused HVAC filters were incubated in test chambers. Filters to be investigated were taken from a filter bank of a large HVAC system in the centre of Berlin. First results show that among those compounds formaldehyde and acetone were found in higher concentrations in the test chambers filled with used filters in comparison to those with unused filters. Parallel field measurements were carried out at the prefilter and main filter banks of the two HVAC systems. Here measurements were carried out simultaneously before and after the filters to investigate whether those aldehydes or ketones arise from the filter material on site. Formaldehyde and acetone significantly increased in concentration after the filters of one HVAC system. In parallel experiments microorganisms were proved to be able to survive on air filters. Therefore, a possible source of formaldehyde and acetone might be microbes.

Hans Schleibinger; Henning Rden

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Effects of oil drops containing Lactobacillus salivarius WB21 on periodontal health and oral microbiota producing volatile sulfur compounds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objective of this paper is to evaluate the effects of oil drops containing Lactobacillus salivarius WB21 on periodontal health and oral microbiota producing volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs). For this study, 42 subjects were randomly assigned to receive oil samples containing L. salivarius WB21 or a placebo for two weeks. Oral assessment and saliva collection were performed on days 1 and 15. Bacterial analysis was performed using the real-time polymerase chain reaction and terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP). In both the experimental and placebo groups, the average probing depth, number of periodontal pockets, and the percentage of bleeding on probing (BOP) decreased while stimulated salivary flow increased on day 15. BOP was reduced in the experimental group compared with the placebo group (P = 0.010). In the experimental group, total bacterial numbers decreased, and the number of L. salivarius increased. The number of Prevotella intermedia, which is correlated with hydrogen sulfide concentration in mouth air, increased in the placebo group and did not change in the experimental group. T-RFLP analysis found that the peak area proportions representing Porphyromonas gingivalis, P. intermedia, Tannerella forsythensis, and Fusobacterium nucleatum decreased in the experimental group, although there was no significant change in the bacterial composition. Thus we observed oil drops containing L. salivarius WB21 improved BOP and inhibited the reproduction of total and VSC-producing periodontopathic bacteria compared with the placebo group, but also showed the limit of its efficacy in controlling VSCs producing and periodontal pathogens.

Nao Suzuki; Kazunari Tanabe; Toru Takeshita; Masahiro Yoneda; Tomoyuki Iwamoto; Sueko Oshiro; Yoshihisa Yamashita; Takao Hirofuji

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Improved volatile fatty acid and biomethane production from lipid removed microalgal residue (LR?AR) through pretreatment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Renewable energy from lipid removed microalgal residues (LR?ARs) serves as a promising tool for sustainable development of the microalgal biodiesel industry. Hence, in this study, LR?AR from Ettlia sp. was characterized for its physico-biochemical parameters, and applied to various pretreatment to increase the biodegradability and used in batch experiments for the production of volatile fatty acids (VFA) and biomethane. After various pretreatments, the soluble organic matters were increased at a maximum of 82% in total organic matters in alkali-autoclaved sample. In addition, VFA and methane production was enhanced by 30% and 40% in alkali-sonicated and alkali-autoclaved samples, respectively. Methane heating value was recovered at maximum of 6.6MJkg?1VS in alkali-autoclaved conditions with comparison to non-pretreated samples. The pretreatment remarkably improved LR?AR solubilization and enhanced VFA and biomethane production, which holds immense potential to eventually reduce the cost of algal biodiesel.

Arumuganainar Suresh; Charles Seo; Ho Nam Chang; Yeu-Chun Kim

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

1031 regulations | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1031 regulations 1031 regulations Home Kyoung's picture Submitted by Kyoung(155) Contributor 7 March, 2013 - 10:24 Colorado Meeting 1031 regulations Colorado Yesterday, we held a meeting with Colorado state agencies and geothemral developers to review the flowcharts and preliminary content of the Colorado Geothemral Roadmap. The meeting was well-attended with over 25 attendees! In addition, we had discussions with county officials and concerned developers about the yet-to-be-developed regulations for 1041 permits. It was noted that the state has funded the drafting of guidelines which are currently being developd and scheduled for draft release in mid-March 2013. Syndicate content 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142286916

399

Natural Gas Regulation | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Natural Gas Regulation Natural Gas Regulation Natural Gas Regulation Natural Gas Regulation The Natural Gas Act of 1938, as amended, requires anyone who wants to import or export natural gas, including liquefied natural gas (LNG) from or to a foreign country must first obtain an authorization from the Department of Energy. The Office of Oil and Gas Global Security and Supply, Division of Natural Gas Regulatory Activities is the one-stop-shopping place to obtain these authorizations in the Department. The import/export authorizations are necessary for anyone who wants to import or export natural gas, including LNG. There are basically two types of authorizations, blanket and long-term authorizations. The blanket authorization enables you to import or export on a short-term or spot market basis for a period of up to two years. The

400

Integrated Regulation of Growth and of Function  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In vivo studies have shown that thyrotropin regulates thyroid growth and function. How TSH is able to exert these dramatic effects is not clear. The last decade has seen such refinements in cell culture system...

Margaret C. Eggo; Gerard N. Burrow

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility rvp regulations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

California Energy Commission REVISED DRAFT REGULATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OFFICE Panama Bartholomy Deputy Director EFFICIENCY AND RENEWABLE ENERGY DIVISION Robert Oglesby Nonresidential Building Energy Use Disclosure Program Draft Regulations Title 20, Division 2, Chapter 4 Performance Buildings Bill Pennington Office Manager HIGH PERFORMANCE BUILDINGS AND STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT

402

Module 9: Acts, Codes, Regulations and Guidelines  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This course covers the mandating of alternative fuel vehicles in the US, the codes, regulations, and guidelines concerning the use of hydrogen, where to look for additional information on hydrogen standards

403

Regulation of Numbers of Intracellular Algae  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Regulation of Numbers of Intracellular Algae L. Muscatine R. R. Pool Members of three classes of unicellular algae have exploited an intracellular habitat...is poorly understood. Steady-state algae:host cell ratios might be achieved by...

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Regulating new construction in historic areas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study is an examination of how the restrictiveness of different design regulations impacts the process of new construction in historic areas. The North End, South End, and Back Bay neighborhoods of Boston were identified ...

Sellers-Garcia, Oliver

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

The TetR Family of Regulators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Regulator of the LmrB efflux pump Flavonoids (quercetin, fisetin, galangin, catechin, coumestrol, genistein) 104 LplR Rhodococcus...quercetin dioxygenase QdoI (YxaG) Flavonoids (quercetin, fisetin, tamarixetin, galangin, genistein, coumestrol) 317 RamR...

Leslie Cuthbertson; Justin R. Nodwell

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

mHealth Regulation, Legislation, and Cybersecurity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The pervasiveness of regulation in the health-care industry generally presumes an inevitability of extension into the mHealth sector. Although following the money cannot be discounted, the key drivers for mHealth

Robert L. Garrie; Pamela E. Paustian

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Conflicting Objectives in Regulating the Automobile  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Optimized control Engine quality Alternate engines: Diesel PROCOt Turbocharging...efficiency Improved engine transmission matching...reduction increases fuel economy by 8 percent...the changes in fuel consumption effected by the regulation...

Lester B. Lave

1981-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

408

Book review Photosynthesis: Regulation under Varying Light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pages); (4) Leaf heliotropism, solar tracking and regulation of light interception (10 pages); (5 topic of heliotropism (a subject of interest to Rama Das), and of the transgenic and biotechnological

Govindjee "Gov"

409

Plant phytotoxicity: A self-regulating pathway  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the session on regulating sludge utilization, held at BioCycle's 19th Annual National conference on Composting and Recycling, a participant asked one of the speakers, Dr. Alan Rubin of the US EPA's Office of Water Regulations and Standards, why the plant phytotoxicity pathway should be the most limiting, especially when there is no concern about human or animal health. The question related specifically to copper being the most limiting metal concentration limit for many sludge composting and land application programs under the proposed Part 503 regulations. And the most limiting pathway for copper is Pathway 7, sludge-soil-plant phytotoxicity. Rubin responded that the regulation is supposed to protect both human health and the environment, e.g. plants and animals other than humans.

Not Available

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Regulation and Corporate Crime: Managers and Auditors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Do laws ever deepen the crime risks facing managers and auditors? According to the literature and drawing upon ... in regulation in two distinct sectors, the energy market and securities (financial instruments), ...

Michael Levi; Nicholas Dorn

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Regulation of Branching by Phytochrome and Phytohormones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Light is the fundamental source of energy and information throughout the plant life cycle. Light signals regulate plant architecture and branching, key processes that determine biomass production and grain yield. Low red (R) to far-red (FR) light...

Krishnareddy, Srirama R.

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

412

Fish Habitat Regulations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Fish Habitat Regulations Author Alaska Department of Fish & Game Published Alaska Department of Fish &...

413

Student Regulations and Procedures Academic Division  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This handbook contains the general nonacademic regulations and procedures applicable to our students. The information contained within this handbook is also available on our website: www documents issued to students. It does not, however, guarantee the provision of such services

414

Regulation No. Department of the Army  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CEMP-CE Regulation No. 1180-1-6 Department of the Army U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Washington, DC 20314-1000 ER 1180-1-6 30 Sep 95 Contracts CONSTRUCTION QUALITY MANAGEMENT Distribution Restriction-1-6 CEMP-CE U. S. Army Corps of Engineers CECW-OC Washington, D.C. 20314-1000 Regulation No. 1180-1-6 30

US Army Corps of Engineers

415

Moving from self-regulation to external regulation of Department of Energy facilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the initiative to transfer the regulation of Department of Energy (DOE) nuclear facilities to the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). The paper gives an overview of some of the major technical, policy and legal issues that accompany this initiative. The paper focuses on specific issues and how they may be affected by external regulation of occupational radiation protection at DOE facilities. Differences between the NRC and the DOE approach to regulating nuclear safety are compared and contrasted. Some projected impacts from this transition are examined. Finally, recommendations are provided that may enhance the transition, increasing the likelihood of successful external NRC regulation.

Wishau, R.J.; Dawson, J.; Lee, D.W.

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Rules and Regulations for Hazardous Waste Management (Rhode Island)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

These regulations establish permitting and operational requirements for hazardous waste facilities. They are designed to minimize...

417

Development of a new generation of waste form for entrapment and immobilization of highly volatile and soluble radionuclides.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The United States is now re-assessing its nuclear waste disposal policy and re-evaluating the option of moving away from the current once-through open fuel cycle to a closed fuel cycle. In a closed fuel cycle, used fuels will be reprocessed and useful components such as uranium or transuranics will be recovered for reuse. During this process, a variety of waste streams will be generated. Immobilizing these waste streams into appropriate waste forms for either interim storage or long-term disposal is technically challenging. Highly volatile or soluble radionuclides such as iodine ({sup 129}I) and technetium ({sup 99}Tc) are particularly problematic, because both have long half-lives and can exist as gaseous or anionic species that are highly soluble and poorly sorbed by natural materials. Under the support of Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) Laboratory-Directed Research & Development (LDRD), we have developed a suite of inorganic nanocomposite materials (SNL-NCP) that can effectively entrap various radionuclides, especially for {sup 129}I and {sup 99}Tc. In particular, these materials have high sorption capabilities for iodine gas. After the sorption of radionuclides, these materials can be directly converted into nanostructured waste forms. This new generation of waste forms incorporates radionuclides as nano-scale inclusions in a host matrix and thus effectively relaxes the constraint of crystal structure on waste loadings. Therefore, the new waste forms have an unprecedented flexibility to accommodate a wide range of radionuclides with high waste loadings and low leaching rates. Specifically, we have developed a general route for synthesizing nanoporous metal oxides from inexpensive inorganic precursors. More than 300 materials have been synthesized and characterized with x-ray diffraction (XRD), BET surface area measurements, and transmission electron microscope (TEM). The sorption capabilities of the synthesized materials have been quantified by using stable isotopes I and Re as analogs to {sup 129}I and {sup 99}Tc. The results have confirmed our original finding that nanoporous Al oxide and its derivatives have high I sorption capabilities due to the combined effects of surface chemistry and nanopore confinement. We have developed a suite of techniques for the fixation of radionuclides in metal oxide nanopores. The key to this fixation is to chemically convert a target radionuclide into a less volatile or soluble form. We have developed a technique to convert a radionuclide-loaded nanoporous material into a durable glass-ceramic waste form through calcination. We have shown that mixing a radionuclide-loaded getter material with a Na-silicate solution can effectively seal the nanopores in the material, thus enhancing radionuclide retention during waste form formation. Our leaching tests have demonstrated the existence of an optimal vitrification temperature for the enhancement of waste form durability. Our work also indicates that silver may not be needed for I immobilization and encapsulation.

Rodriguez, Mark Andrew; Bencoe, Denise Nora; Brinker, C. Jeffrey; Murphy, Andrew Wilson; Holt, Kathleen Caroline; Turnham, Rigney; Kruichak, Jessica Nicole; Tellez, Hernesto; Miller, Andy; Xiong, Yongliang; Pohl, Phillip Isabio; Ockwig, Nathan W.; Wang, Yifeng; Gao, Huizhen

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Regulations For Gas Companies (Tennessee) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Regulations For Gas Companies (Tennessee) Regulations For Gas Companies (Tennessee) Regulations For Gas Companies (Tennessee) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Developer Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Utility Program Info State Tennessee Program Type Environmental Regulations Safety and Operational Guidelines Provider Tennessee Regulatory Authority The Regulations for Gas Companies, implemented by the Tennessee Regulatory Authority (Authority) outline the standards for metering, distribution and electricity generation for utilities using gas. They follow the same equipment, metering reporting and customer relations standards as the Regulations for Electric Companies. In addition to these requirements these regulations outline purity requirements, pressure limits, piping

419

Solid Waste and Infectious Waste Regulations (Ohio) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

and Infectious Waste Regulations (Ohio) and Infectious Waste Regulations (Ohio) Solid Waste and Infectious Waste Regulations (Ohio) < Back Eligibility Utility Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility Industrial Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Rural Electric Cooperative Program Info State Ohio Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Ohio Environmental Protection Agency This chapter of the law that establishes the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency establishes the rules and regulations regarding solid waste. The chapter establishes specific regulations for biomass facilities, which includes permitting, siting, operation, safety guidelines, and closing requirements. Siting regulations include setbacks from waste handling areas for state facilities (1000 feet from jails, schools), requirements for not siting

420

Regulations The purpose of these regulations is to safeguard the common interests of all Library users.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

staff. 2. Code of conduct 2.1 The Library is intended to be a silent space for study. Clearly designated.5 In the interests of other Library users study spaces and group study rooms must be left clean and tidy and all1 Library Regulations The purpose of these regulations is to safeguard the common interests of all

Sussex, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility rvp regulations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Revisions to Energy Efficiency Enforcement Regulations  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

6450-01-P 6450-01-P DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 10 CFR Parts 430 and 431 Docket No. EERE-2010-BT-CE-0014 RIN 1904-AC23 Revisions to Energy Efficiency Enforcement Regulations AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy and Office of the General Counsel, Department of Energy. ACTION: Request for Information (RFI); request for comment. SUMMARY: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE or the "Department") intends to expand and revise its existing energy efficiency enforcement regulations for certain consumer products and commercial and industrial equipment covered under the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975, as amended (EPCA or the "Act"). These regulations provide for manufacturer submission of compliance statements and

422

Annual Energy Outlook 2001 - Legislation and Regulations  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Legislation & Regulations Legislation & Regulations Nitrogen Oxide Emission Caps Heavy-Duty Vehicle Emissions and Diesel Fuel Quality Standards FERC Order 2000 Banning or Reducing the Use of MTBE in Gasoline Updates on State Renewable Portfolio Standards and Renewable Energy Mandates Proposed Changes to RFG Oxygen Standard FERC Order 637 Proposed Limits on Benzene in Gasoline Royalty Rules Low-Emission Vehicle Program Tier 2 Vehicle Emissions and Gasoline Sulfur Standards Appliance Efficiency Standards Petroleum Reserves Introduction Because analyses by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) are required to be policy-neutral, the projections in this Annual Energy Outlook 2001 (AEO2001) are based on Federal, State, and local laws and regulations in effect on July 1, 2000. The potential impacts of pending or

423

Notices DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Defense Acquisition Regulations  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2 Federal Register 2 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 184 / Monday, September 23, 2013 / Notices DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Defense Acquisition Regulations System [Docket No. 2011-0052] Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request ACTION: Notice. The Defense Acquisition Regulations System has submitted to OMB for clearance, the following proposal for collection of information under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. chapter 35). DATES: Consideration will be given to all comments received by October 23, 2013. Title, Associated Form, and OMB Number: Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement (DFARS), Part 204 and related clause at 252.204-7012, Safeguarding Unclassified Controlled Technical Information. Type of Request: New collection. Number of Respondents: 6,555.

424

2007 Solar Decathlon Rules and Regulations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Solar Decathlon Rules and Regulations Solar Decathlon Rules and Regulations Number of Pages Date of Last Revision Primary Documents Overview 7 pages February 16, 2007 Definitions 4 pages February 16, 2007 Competition Regulations 23 pages February 16, 2007 The Contests 2 pages February 16, 2007 Contest 1: Architecture 2 pages May 3, 2006 Drawings and Specifications Contest Activity Details 7 pages February 16, 2007 Contest 2: Engineering 2 pages February 16, 2007 Energy Analysis Contest Activity Details 3 pages February 16, 2007 Contest 3: Market Viability 2 pages February 16, 2007 Economic Analysis Contest Activity Details 6 pages February 16, 2007 Contest 4: Communications 2 pages February 16, 2007 Web Site Contest Activity Details 6 pages February 16, 2007 Contest 5: Comfort Zone

425

Anti-slip regulator system (ASR)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When wheelspin occurs the anti-slip regulator system (ASR) regulates the drive torque in such a way that steerability is always retained, together with good forward traction. The microprocessor which performs the regulating function compares the wheel speed increase at each driven wheel with the vehicle acceleration, and calculates the 'excess torque' which is causing wheelspin, and eliminates it automatically by briefly actuating the wheel brake and/or by backing off the throttle. At low speeds the wheel with the greatest amount of wheelspin is slowed by an exactly calculated brake application with a simultaneous reduction of engine power, so that the amount of forward traction is determined by the greatest available surface adhesion. At higher speeds, however, in order to avoid undesired yaw reactions, the system operates only by reducing engine power delivery by the necessary amount, which means that the amount of tractive force is determined by the lower surface adhesion value in each case.

B.-G. Schulze; E. Lissel

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Appliance Efficiency Regulations | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Efficiency Regulations Efficiency Regulations Appliance Efficiency Regulations < Back Program Info State California Program Type Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards Provider California Energy Commission '' Note: The federal government has imposed and updated appliance efficiency standards through several legislative acts,* and now has standards in place or under development for 30 classes of products. In general, states which had set standards prior to federal action may enforce their own standards until the federal standards take effect. States that had not set standards prior to federal action must use the federal standards. This summary addresses (1) state appliance standards that will be in place until the federal standards take effect and (2) products for which the federal government is not currently developing an efficiency

427

Property:Regulations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Regulations Property Type String Description Regulations as listed on cleanenergysolutions.org Agriculture Efficiency Requirements Appliance & Equipment Standards and Required Labeling Audit Requirements Building Certification Building Codes Cost Recovery/Allocation Emissions Mitigation Scheme Emissions Standards Enabling Legislation Energy Standards Feebates Feed-in Tariffs Fuel Efficiency Standards Incandescent Phase-Out Mandates/Targets Net Metering & Interconnection Resource Integration Planning Safety Standards Upgrade Requirements Utility/Electricity Service Costs Subproperties This property has the following 43 subproperties: 2 2010 Vehicle Technologies Market Report A A Strategy for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) in the United Kingdom and Beyond

428

Regulation of hypoxanthine transport in Neurospora crassa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a mutant of Neurospora crassa deficient in general amino acid permease activity. Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 413;45-51. 15. REINERT, W. R. and G. A. MARZLUF 1975. Regulation of the purine 6 1 * y ' ~N . A h. B' h' . B' phy 166:565-574. 16... of a mutant of Neurospora crassa deficient in general amino acid permease activity. Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 413;45-51. 15. REINERT, W. R. and G. A. MARZLUF 1975. Regulation of the purine 6 1 * y ' ~N . A h. B' h' . B' phy 166:565-574. 16...

Sabina, Richard Lee

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

429

Explicit regulator maps on polylogarithmic motivic complexes.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We define a regulator map from the weight n polylogarithmic motivic complex to the weight n Deligne complex of an algebraic variety X. The regulator map is constructed explicitly via the classical polylogarithms with some funny combinations of Bernoulli numbers as coefficients. This leads to conjectures on special values of L-functions at s=n which reduce to Zagier's conjecture when X is of dimension zero over Q. The cone of this map, shifted by one, should be called the Arakelov motivic complex of X. Its last cohomology group is identified with a group of codimension n Arakelov cycles on X.

A. B. Goncharov

430

WEAPONS ON CAMPUS REGULATION WEAPONS ON CAMPUS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WEAPONS ON CAMPUS REGULATION CHAPTER 20 WEAPONS ON CAMPUS 8VAC115-20-10. Definitions, including the Virginia Institute of Marine Science. "Weapon" means any firearm or any other weapon listed115-20-20. Possession of weapons prohibited. Possession or carrying of any weapon by any person

Lewis, Robert Michael

431

Beyond Regulation: Risk Pricing and Responsible Innovation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Finally, innovation is an inherently dynamic process: by the time the case is made for regulating one sector of innovation (e.g., passive engineered nanoparticles), the innovation landscape has changed (e.g., active nanostructures) (12, 13); regulation is destined to play catch up, at a rate often governed by the pace of publicly funded research, itself at the mercy of competing political priorities. ... In addressing the often significant time delays between innovation and regulation as a risk governance mechanism two fundamental issues arise: first the need for better foresight, whereby emerging information on innovations and associated information on impacts and risks (and indeed benefits) are identified upstream and in real time in the innovation processwhat we describe as horizon scanningand second the coupling of this horizon scanning activity to complementary risk governance mechanisms, i.e., mechanisms that complement regulation but may be enacted further upstream in the innovation process (17). ... Likewise, market competition may act to curb insurers ability to raise premiums, and companies or investors would have to balance investment in the upstream identification and management of risk uncertainties against the value of any reduced premium and wider benefits. ...

Richard Owen; David Baxter; Trevor Maynard; Michael Depledge

2009-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

432

Method for regulation of plant lignin composition  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is disclosed for the regulation of lignin composition in plant tissue. Plants are transformed with a gene encoding an active F5H gene. The expression of the F5H gene results in increased levels of syringyl monomer providing a lignin composition more easily degraded with chemicals and enzymes.

Chapple, Clint (West Lafayette, IN)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

RULES AND REGULATIONS Title 7--AGRICULTURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RULES AND REGULATIONS Title 7--AGRICULTURE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE [7 PA. CODE CH. 130b] Nutrient Management Certification [35 Pa.B. 6504] The Department of Agriculture (Department), under section 7(a or the Senate or House Agricultural and Rural Affairs Committees regarding the proposed rulemaking

Guiltinan, Mark

434

Voltage regulation in linear induction accelerators  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Improvement in voltage regulation in a Linear Induction Accelerator wherein a varistor, such as a metal oxide varistor, is placed in parallel with the beam accelerating cavity and the magnetic core. The non-linear properties of the varistor result in a more stable voltage across the beam accelerating cavity than with a conventional compensating resistance.

Parsons, William M. (Santa Fe, NM)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Voltage regulation in linear induction accelerators  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Improvement in voltage regulation in a linear induction accelerator wherein a varistor, such as a metal oxide varistor, is placed in parallel with the beam accelerating cavity and the magnetic core is disclosed. The non-linear properties of the varistor result in a more stable voltage across the beam accelerating cavity than with a conventional compensating resistance. 4 figs.

Parsons, W.M.

1992-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

436

APPLIANCE EFFICIENCY REGULATIONS FOR REFRIGERATORS AND FREEZERS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mobile equipment. (c) Central air conditioning heat pumps, regardless of capacity, except that requirements for central air conditioning heat pumps with cooling capacity of 135,000 Btu per hour or more#12;#12;APPLIANCE EFFICIENCY REGULATIONS FOR REFRIGERATORS AND FREEZERS ROOM AIR CONDITIONERS

437

California's new mandatory greenhouse gas reporting regulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Beginning in early 2009, approximately 1000 California businesses will begin reporting their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions based on the requirements of a new regulation adopted by the California Air Resources Board (CARB) in December 2007. California's mandatory GHG reporting regulation is the first rule adopted as a requirement of the Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006, passed by the California Legislature as Assembly Bill 32 (AB 32; Nunez, Chapter 488, Statutes of 2006) and signed by Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger in September 2006. The regulation is the first of its kind in the United States to require facilities to report annual GHG emissions. In general, all facilities subject to reporting are required to report their on-site stationary source combustion emissions of CO{sub 2}, nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O), and methane (CH{sub 4}). Some industrial sectors, such as cement producers and oil refineries, also must report their process emissions, which occur from chemical or other noncombustion activities. Fugitive emissions from facilities are required to be reported when specified in the regulation. Sulfur hexafluoride (SF{sub 6}) and hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) use is prevalent in electricity facilities and must be reported. CO{sub 2} emissions from biomass-derived fuels must be separately identified during reporting, and reporters must also provide their consumption of purchased or acquired electricity and thermal energy; these requirements will assist facilities in evaluating changes in their fossil fuel carbon footprints. 1 tab.

Patrick Gaffney; Doug Thompson; Richard Bode [California Air Resources Board, CA (United States)

2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

438

Smooth muscle myosin: regulation and properties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...A. P. Somlyo & H. V. Sparks), pp...Control of cross-bridge cycling by myosin...S., Sweeney, H. L. & Goldman...smooth muscle cross-bridge cycle is not directly...negatively strained cross-bridges in vertebrate smooth...165192. Sweeney, H. L. 1998 Regulation...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Regulator of modular units and Mahler measures.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a proof of the formula, due to Mellit and Brunault, which evaluates an integral of the regulator of two modular units to the value of the $L$-series of a modular form of weight 2 at $s=2$. Applications of the formula to computing Mahler measures are discussed.

Wadim Zudilin.

440

LIBRARY REGULATIONS 1. THE LIBRARY POLICY COMMITTEE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 LIBRARY REGULATIONS 1. THE LIBRARY POLICY COMMITTEE 1.1 The Library Policy Committee shall shall be: [i] to formulate proposals in regard to policy matters relating to the Library for consideration by the Academic Council and the Governing Body; [ii] to monitor the implementation of Library

Schellekens, Michel P.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility rvp regulations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

State-federal interactions in nuclear regulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Atomic Energy Act of 1954 established, and later Congressional amendments have confirmed, that except in areas which have been explicitly granted to the states, the federal government possesses preemptive authority to regulate radiation hazards associated with the development and use of atomic energy. Since the passage of the original Act, numerous decisions by the courts have reaffirmed the legitimacy of federal preemption, and have defined and redefined its scope. In this study, the aim is to explore the underlying issues involved in federal preemption of radiation-hazard regulation, and to recommend actions that the Department of Energy and other agencies and groups should consider undertaking in the near term to protect the preemption principle. Appropriate roles of the states are discussed, as well as recent state-level activities and their rationale, and several current arenas in which state-federal conflicts about regulation of hazards are being played out. The emphasis here is on four particular arenas that are now important arenas of conflict, but the issues discussed are far broader in scope. These four arenas are: state-level moratorium activity; emergency planning for reactors; conflicts arising from state financial regulation; and inroads in federal preemption through litigation under state law.

Pasternak, A.D.; Budnitz, R.J.

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

RULES AND REGULATIONS ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY BOARD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on best management practices to protect and restore that important resource, and to meet PennsylvaniaRULES AND REGULATIONS ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY BOARD [25 PA. CODE CHS. 91 AND 92] Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations and Other Agricultural Operations [35 Pa.B. 5796] The Environmental Quality Board

Guiltinan, Mark

443

Food price volatility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...much lower on the political agenda in the...Despite the inherent risks in agricultural...markets and crop insurance. While these...measures of price risk management (Morgan 2001). Insurance markets are well...not for price risk. Futures and...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Food price volatility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of commodity price changes in energy and metals as well as for foods...commodities, in particular corn, sugar and vegetable oils...smaller in food markets than in energy and metals markets, reflecting...insignificant fall grains (%) maize (corn) 19.3 19.4 19.2 1.02...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Virginia Electric Utility Regulation Act (Virginia) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Electric Utility Regulation Act (Virginia) Electric Utility Regulation Act (Virginia) Virginia Electric Utility Regulation Act (Virginia) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Virginia Program Type Safety and Operational Guidelines Provider Virginia State Corporation Commission The Virginia Electric Utility Regulation Act constitutes the main legislation in Virginia that pertains to the regulation of the state's electric utilities. The Act directs the State Corporation Commission to construct regulations for electric utilities, and contains information on

446

Hazardous Waste Management Regulations (Mississippi) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Regulations (Mississippi) Regulations (Mississippi) Hazardous Waste Management Regulations (Mississippi) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Transportation Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Program Info State Mississippi Program Type Environmental Regulations Sales Tax Incentive Provider Department of Environmental Quality The Hazardous Waste Management Regulations follow the EPA's definitions and guidelines for the most part, which are listed in 40 CFR parts 260-282. In addition to these federal regulations the Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality requires that each generator of greater than 220

447

Notice of Guidance on Energy Efficiency Enforcement Regulations |  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Notice of Guidance on Energy Efficiency Enforcement Regulations Notice of Guidance on Energy Efficiency Enforcement Regulations Notice of Guidance on Energy Efficiency Enforcement Regulations Notice - DOE Guidance on Energy Efficiency Enforcement Regulations, Federal Register Vol. 74, No. 197 October 14, 2009. This notice sets forth the Department of Energy's (DOE's) interpretation of its energy efficiency enforcement regulations. These regulations provide for manufacturer submission of compliance statements and certification reports to DOE, maintenance of compliance records by manufacturers, and the availability of enforcement actions for improper certification or upon a determination of noncompliance. DOE also announces its intent to randomly select and review manufacturer compliance with these requirements and initiate enforcement

448

Atomic Energy and Radioactive Substances: Licensing and Regulation of Sites: The Nuclear Installations Regulations, 1962  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

These regulations, made by the Minister of Power and the Secretary of State for Scotland acting jointly, prescribe for the purpose of subsection (1)(b) of section one of the Nuclear Installations (Licensing and Insurance) Act, 1959, certain classes...

Wood, Richard; Maclay, John. S.

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Electrochemical Performance and Stability of the Cathode for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: III. Role of volatile boron species on LSM/YSZ and LSCF  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Boron oxide is a key component to tailor the softening temperature and viscosity of the sealing glass for solid oxide fuel cells. The primary concern regarding the use of boron containing sealing glasses is the volatility of boron species, which possibly results in cathode degradation. In this paper, we report the role of volatile boron species on the electrochemical performance of LSM/YSZ and LSCF cathodes at various SOFC operation temperatures. The transport rate of boron, ~ 3.2410-12 g/cm2sec was measured at 750C with air saturated with 2.8% moisture. A reduction in power density was observed in cells with LSM/YSZ cathodes after introduction of the boron source to the cathode air stream. Partial recovery of the power density was observed after the boron source was removed. Results from post-test secondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS) analysis the partial recovery in power density correlated with partil removal of the deposited boron by the clean air stream. The presence of boron was also observed in LSCF cathodes by SIMS analysis, however the effect of boron on the electrochemical performance of LSCF cathode was negligible. Coverage of triple phase boundaries in LSM/YSZ was postulated as the cause for the observed reduction in electrochemical performance.

Zhou, Xiao Dong; Templeton, Jared W.; Zhu, Zihua; Chou, Y. S.; Maupin, Gary D.; Lu, Zigui; Brow, R. K.; Stevenson, Jeffry W.

2010-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

450

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel School Bus Regulations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Fuel Fuel School Bus Regulations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel School Bus Regulations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel School Bus Regulations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel School Bus Regulations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel School Bus Regulations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel School Bus Regulations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel School Bus Regulations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel School Bus Regulations The Virginia Board of Education may not unreasonably limit the authority of

451

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Local Vehicle Idling Regulations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Local Vehicle Idling Local Vehicle Idling Regulations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Local Vehicle Idling Regulations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Local Vehicle Idling Regulations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Local Vehicle Idling Regulations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Local Vehicle Idling Regulations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Local Vehicle Idling Regulations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Local Vehicle Idling Regulations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Local Vehicle Idling Regulations A local highway authority may not enact an ordinance that prohibits or

452

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Franchising Contract Regulations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biofuel Franchising Biofuel Franchising Contract Regulations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Franchising Contract Regulations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Franchising Contract Regulations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Franchising Contract Regulations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Franchising Contract Regulations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Franchising Contract Regulations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Franchising Contract Regulations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuel Franchising Contract Regulations Franchise documents may not restrict a franchisee from participating in any

453

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blending Contract Regulation  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biofuel Blending Biofuel Blending Contract Regulation to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blending Contract Regulation on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blending Contract Regulation on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blending Contract Regulation on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blending Contract Regulation on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blending Contract Regulation on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blending Contract Regulation on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuel Blending Contract Regulation Any provision in a contract between a fuel wholesaler and a refiner or

454

Governing the gap: Forging safe science through relational regulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Designed to close the ubiquitous gap between law on the books and law in action, management systems locate the standard setting and implementation of regulation within the regulated organization itself. Despite efforts to ...

Huising, Ruthanne

455

Energy storage for frequency regulation on the electric grid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ancillary services such as frequency regulation are required for reliable operation of the electric grid. Currently, the same traditional thermal generators that supply bulk power also perform nearly all frequency regulation. ...

Leitermann, Olivia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

NRS 704 - Regulation of Public Utilities Generally | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Regulation of Public Utilities Generally Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: NRS 704 - Regulation of Public Utilities...

457

RCRA Notification of Regulated Waste Activity (EPA Form 8700...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Notification of Regulated Waste Activity (EPA Form 8700-12) Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Form: RCRA Notification of Regulated Waste Activity...

458

Notification of Regulated Waste Activity | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Regulated Waste Activity Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- OtherOther: Notification of Regulated Waste ActivityLegal Published NA...

459

Colorado Parks and Wildlife Rules and Regulations | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rules and Regulations Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Colorado Parks and Wildlife Rules and Regulations Abstract This web page lists...

460

Regulations of the Arkansas Operating Air Permit Program (Arkansas) |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Regulations of the Arkansas Operating Air Permit Program (Arkansas) Regulations of the Arkansas Operating Air Permit Program (Arkansas) Regulations of the Arkansas Operating Air Permit Program (Arkansas) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Fuel Distributor Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Retail Supplier Utility Program Info State Arkansas Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Environmental Quality The Regulations of the Arkansas Air Operating Program are adopted in accordance with the provisions of Part UU of the Arkansas Water and Air Pollution Control Act, Arkansas Code Annotated 8-4-101, and will be referred to in this description as "program", "regulations" and "regulation No. 26". The regulations are intended to meet the requirements of title of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility rvp regulations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Fleet Operation Regulations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Federal Fleet Federal Fleet Operation Regulations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Fleet Operation Regulations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Fleet Operation Regulations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Fleet Operation Regulations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Fleet Operation Regulations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Fleet Operation Regulations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Fleet Operation Regulations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Federal Fleet Operation Regulations Federal fleets based in Arizona that operate primarily in counties with a

462

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles Safety Regulations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas Vehicles Natural Gas Vehicles Safety Regulations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles Safety Regulations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles Safety Regulations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles Safety Regulations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles Safety Regulations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles Safety Regulations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles Safety Regulations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas Vehicles Safety Regulations Vehicles converted to operate on compressed natural gas (CNG), liquefied

463

Alternative Fuels Data Center: School Bus Idle Reduction Regulations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

School Bus Idle School Bus Idle Reduction Regulations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: School Bus Idle Reduction Regulations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: School Bus Idle Reduction Regulations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: School Bus Idle Reduction Regulations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: School Bus Idle Reduction Regulations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: School Bus Idle Reduction Regulations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: School Bus Idle Reduction Regulations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type School Bus Idle Reduction Regulations School bus drivers must turn off bus engines as soon as possible at loading

464

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Exclusivity Contract Regulation  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Fuel Exclusivity Fuel Exclusivity Contract Regulation to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Exclusivity Contract Regulation on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Exclusivity Contract Regulation on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Exclusivity Contract Regulation on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Exclusivity Contract Regulation on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Exclusivity Contract Regulation on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Exclusivity Contract Regulation on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Fuel Exclusivity Contract Regulation Motor fuel franchise dealers may obtain alternative fuels from a supplier

465

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Resale Regulation  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Alternative Fuel Alternative Fuel Resale Regulation to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Resale Regulation on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Resale Regulation on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Resale Regulation on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Resale Regulation on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Resale Regulation on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Resale Regulation on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Resale Regulation An individual, corporation, or other legal entity that resells compressed

466

Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Fuel Exclusivity Contract Regulations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

E85 Fuel Exclusivity E85 Fuel Exclusivity Contract Regulations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Fuel Exclusivity Contract Regulations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Fuel Exclusivity Contract Regulations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Fuel Exclusivity Contract Regulations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Fuel Exclusivity Contract Regulations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Fuel Exclusivity Contract Regulations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Fuel Exclusivity Contract Regulations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type E85 Fuel Exclusivity Contract Regulations

467

Regulation of Gene Expression by Synthetic DNA-Binding Ligands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Regulation of Gene Expression by Synthetic DNA-Binding Ligands Peter B. Dervan ( ) · Adam T. Poulin

Dervan, Peter B.

468

Regulatory Takings and Environmental Regulation in NAFTA's Chapter 11  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for regulation is known only after the investment is sunk. The ex- istence of sunk costs combined with the fact

Karp, Larry S.

469

ADR Provisions in Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

ADR Provisions in Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) ADR Provisions in Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) d. Alternative means of dispute resolution. Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, a contractor and a contracting officer may use any alternative means of dispute resolution under subchapter IV of chapter 5 of title 5, or other mutually agreeable procedures, for resolving claims. In a case in which such alternative means of dispute resolution or other mutually agreeable procedures are used, the contractor shall certify that the claim is made in good faith, that the supporting data are accurate and complete to the best of his or her knowledge and belief, and that the amount requested accurately reflects the contract adjustment for which the contractor believes the Government is liable. All provisions of subchapter IV

470

Definition: Regulation Service | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Service Service Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Regulation Service The process whereby one Balancing Authority contracts to provide corrective response to all or a portion of the ACE of another Balancing Authority. The Balancing Authority providing the response assumes the obligation of meeting all applicable control criteria as specified by NERC for itself and the Balancing Authority for which it is providing the Regulation Service.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition According to Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, Demand Response (DR) is defined as: "Changes in electric usage by end-use customers from their normal consumption patterns in response to changes in the price of electricity over time, or to incentive payments designed to induce lower

471

Electric holding company regulation by multistate compact  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article is divided into five sections. The first section discusses the market and regulatory environment of bulk power sales. The second presents the legal framework for compacting and discusses the minimal constitutional barriers presented by the Compact Clause. The next section discusses the economic considerations inherent in attempting to regulate a national activity through regional authorities. The fourth section more fully develops the administrative and political problems that regional regulation must overcome to be successful. Using the legal, economic, and policy framework developed in the preceding sections, the final section analyzes the proposal encompassed in Senate Bill 2607, a proposal by the Arkansas Public Service Commission and Entergy Corporation to create regional organizations to provide integrated resource planning.

Darr, F.P.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Alternative Regulation for North American Electric Utilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

After a decade of favorable operating conditions, utilities find themselves faced with accelerating prices for key inputs and a growing need for new capacity. These pressures are likely to prompt increasingly frequent, and perhaps more contentious, rate cases. Steady progress in the development of alternative regulation provides hope that the utility industry will respond to these challenges much better than in 1975-85. (author)

Lowry, Mark Newton; Kaufmann, Lawrence

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

473

Regulators on additive higher Chow groups.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As an attempt to understand motives over $k[x]/(x^m)$, we define the cubical additive higher Chow groups with modulus for all dimensions extending the works of S. Bloch, H. Esnault and K. Rlling on 0-dimensional cycles. We give an explicit construction of regulator maps on the groups of 1-cycles with an aid of the residue theory of A. Parshin and V. Lomadze.

Jinhyun Park (Purdue University; West Lafayette; IN)

474

Cooperative regulation in yeast cell cycle network  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We define a measure of cooperativity for gene regulatory networks which we propose should be maximized under a demand for energy efficiency. We investigate its dependence on network size, connectivity and the fraction of repressory/activatory interactions. Next, we consider the cell-cycle regulatory network of the yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, as a case study and calculate its degree of cooperativity. A comparison with random networks of similar size and composition reveals that the yeast's cell-cycle regulation is exceptionally cooperative.

Nese Aral; Alkan Kabakcioglu

2014-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

475

Coordinated Output Regulation of Multiple Heterogeneous Linear Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the generalizations of coordination of multiple linear dynamic systems to the cooperative output regulation problemCoordinated Output Regulation of Multiple Heterogeneous Linear Systems Ziyang Meng, Tao Yang, Dimos V. Dimarogonas, and Karl H. Johansson Abstract-- The coordinated output regulation problem

Dimarogonas, Dimos

476

Control of Wind Turbines for Power Regulation and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Control of Wind Turbines for Power Regulation and Load Reduction Juan Jose Garcia Quirante Kongens regulation and load reduction and their ensemble in a variable-speed wind turbine. The power regulation aspects of mathematical modelling of wind turbines, and especially the control methods suited for power

477

01.03 1 Policy & Regulation Manuals REGENTS' POLICY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

01.03 1 Policy & Regulation Manuals REGENTS' POLICY PART I � MISSION AND GENERAL PROVISIONS Chapter 01.03 � Policy and Regulation Manuals P01.03.010. Policies and Regulations; Manuals. A. Policies by the President of the University. Adopted policies shall be maintained in the form of a Policy Manual and set out

Pantaleone, Jim

478

Hormonal regulation of microRNA expression in the ovary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

forms of gene regulation, including post-transcriptional gene regulation. One mechanism of post-transcriptional gene regulation is the expression and function of microRNA (miRNA). These highly conserved, short, non-coding RNA molecules primarily silence...

Luense, Lacey J.

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

479

Energy-conserving development regulations: current practice  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Almost every aspect of land development has an effect on energy use, from minute architectural details to broad considerations of urban density. Energy-efficiency depends in part on how development is planned and carried out. Conventional development regulations, such as zoning ordinances and subdivision regulations, can be adapted in many ways to promote energy conservation at the community level. This report is about energy-efficient site and neighborhood design. It examines recent experiences of local governments that have adopted new development regulations or amended existing ones to promote energy conservation, more efficient generation and distribution, or a switch to alternative, renewable sources. Although much has been written in recent years about saving energy through community design, actual experience in applying these new ideas is still limited. To date, most communities have focused their efforts on studying the problem, documenting consumption patterns, and writing reports and plans. Only a handful have amended their land-use controls for the express purpose of saving energy. This study identifies 13 of these pioneering communities, after undertaking a survey of over 1400 local, regional, and state planning agencies. It takes a look at their experiences, to learn what has been done, how well it has worked, and what problems have been encountered.

Not Available

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Reformulated gasoline: Costs and refinery impacts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Studies of reformulated gasoline (RFG) costs and refinery impacts have been performed with the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Refinery Yield Model (ORNL-RYM), a linear program which has been updated to blend gasolines to satisfy emissions constraints defined by preliminary complex emissions models. Policy makers may use the reformulation cost knee (the point at which costs start to rise sharply for incremental emissions control) to set emissions reduction targets, giving due consideration to the differences between model representations and actual refining operations. ORNL-RYM estimates that the reformulation cost knee for the US East Coast (PADD I) is about 15.2 cents per gallon with a 30 percent reduction of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The estimated cost knee for the US Gulf Coast (PADD III) is about 5.5 cents per gallon with a VOC reduction of 35 percent. Reid vapor pressure (RVP) reduction is the dominant VOC reduction mechanism. Even with anti-dumping constraints, conventional gasoline appears to be an important sink which permits RFG to be blended with lower aromatics and sulfur contents in PADD III. In addition to the potentially large sensitivity of RFG production to different emissions models, RFG production is sensitive to the non-exhaust VOC share assumption for a particular VOC model. ORNL-RYM has also been used to estimate the sensitivity of RFG production to the cost of capital; to the RVP requirements for conventional gasoline; and to the percentage of RFG produced in a refining region.

Hadder, G.R.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "volatility rvp regulations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

To regulate or not to regulate off-grid electricity access in developing countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract As off-grid electrification receives global attention in the Sustainable Energy for All initiative, the role of regulation for this alternative form of electricity delivery requires a careful investigation. This paper asks whether the activity has to be regulated or not. It then tries to find out where regulation can be used and what type of regulation is appropriate. It suggests that for product-type delivery options, there is no justification for regulatory intervention in the sense of utility regulation but such intervention makes sense in the case of mini-grid-based off-grid delivery options. The paper considers the pros and cons of a generic license waiver, a simplified regulatory arrangement and a full-fledged regulatory supervision and suggests that a light-handed approach is appropriate in general to promote the activities of the sub-sector but more formal approaches may be required if the players do not abide by the rules. The paper also highlights some regulatory challenges and issues.

Subhes C. Bhattacharyya

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Evolving Role of the Power Sector Regulator: A Clean Energy Regulators Initiative Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper seeks to briefly characterize the evolving role of power sector regulation. Given current global dynamics, regulation of the power sector is undergoing dramatic changes. This transformation is being driven by various factors including technological advances and cost reductions in renewable energy, energy efficiency, and demand management; increasing air pollution and climate change concerns; and persistent pressure for ensuring sustainable economic development and increased access to energy services by the poor. These issues add to the already complex task of power sector regulation, of which the fundamental remit remains to objectively and transparently ensure least-cost service delivery at high quality. While no single regulatory task is trivial to undertake, it is the prioritization and harmonization of a multitude of objectives that exemplifies the essential challenge of power sector regulation. Evolving regulatory roles can be understood through the concept of existing objectives and an additional layer of emerging objectives. Following this categorization, we describe seven existing objectives of power sector regulators and nine emerging objectives, highlighting key challenges and outlining interdependencies. This essay serves as a preliminary installment in the Clean Energy Regulatory Initiative (CERI) series, and aims to lay the groundwork for subsequent reports and case studies that will explore these topics in more depth.

Zinaman, O.; Miller, M.; Bazilian, M.

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

SERN Policy and Regulation Database | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SERN Policy and Regulation Database SERN Policy and Regulation Database Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: SERN Policy and Regulation Database Agency/Company /Organization: Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics: Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset References: REEEP SERN Policy and Regulation Database[1] "The SERN Policy database will allow project developers to understand the existing energy mix within a country and the regulatory barriers which they may have to overcome in implementing a renewable energy and/or energy efficiency project. The policy database is available online." References ↑ "REEEP SERN Policy and Regulation Database"

484

Regulations For Electric Companies (Tennessee) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Regulations For Electric Companies (Tennessee) Regulations For Electric Companies (Tennessee) Regulations For Electric Companies (Tennessee) < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative State/Provincial Govt Transportation Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Tennessee Program Type Generating Facility Rate-Making Net Metering Provider Tennessee Regulatory Authority The Regulations for Electric Companies are under the Authority of the Tennessee Regulatory Authority, which is the public service branch of the state government. These regulations establish the records electricity providers are required to keep and submit. It requires that all electricity

485

Colorado/Transmission/Local Regulations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Colorado/Transmission/Local Regulations Colorado/Transmission/Local Regulations < Colorado‎ | Transmission Jump to: navigation, search ColoradoTransmissionHeader.png Roadmap Agency Links Local Regulations State Regulations Summary General Transmission Dashboard Permitting Atlas Compare States Arizona California Colorado Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Oregon Utah Washington Wyoming Resource Library NEPA Database Local Siting Process Under state law, Colorado counties and municipalities are given broad authority to plan for and regulate the use of land within their jurisdictions.[1] State statutes give local governments (counties and municipalities) the authorization to; Appoint planning commissions [2] which are required to prepare and adopt master plans or comprehensive plans for physical development within

486

Functional renormalization group with a compactly supported smooth regulator function  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The functional renormalization group equation with a compactly supported smooth (CSS) regulator function is considered. It is demonstrated that in an appropriate limit the CSS regulator recovers the optimized one and it has derivatives of all orders. The more generalized form of the CSS regulator is shown to reduce to all major type of regulator functions (exponential, power-law) in appropriate limits. The CSS regulator function is tested by studying the critical behavior of the bosonized two-dimensional quantum electrodynamics in the local potential approximation and the sine-Gordon scalar theory for dregulator.

I. Nandori

2012-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

487

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025- Legislation and Regulations  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

State Air Emission Regulations State Air Emission Regulations Legislation and Regulations. State Air Emission Regulations Several States, primarily in the Northeast, have recently enacted air emission regulations that will affect the electricity generation sector. The regulations are intended to improve air quality in the States and assist them in complying with the revised 1997 National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for ground-level ozone and fine particulates. The affected States include Connecticut, North Carolina, Massachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, and Oregon. The regulations govern emissions of NOx, sulfur dioxide (SO2), carbon dioxide (CO2), and mercury from power plants. Table 2 shows emissions of NOx, SO2, and CO2 by electricity generators in the eight States and in the rest of the country. Comparable data on mercury emissions by State are not available.

488

Oil and Gas Commission General Rules and Regulations (Arkansas) |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Commission General Rules and Regulations (Arkansas) Commission General Rules and Regulations (Arkansas) Oil and Gas Commission General Rules and Regulations (Arkansas) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Program Info State Arkansas Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Natural Resources The Oil and Gas Commission General Rules and Regulations are the body of rules and regulations that relate to natural gas production in Arkansas. The statutory law is found Arkansas Code Annotated Title 15 chapter 72. Contained in this summary are the rules and regulations most relevant to

489

Surface Coal Mining Regulations (Mississippi) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Surface Coal Mining Regulations (Mississippi) Surface Coal Mining Regulations (Mississippi) Surface Coal Mining Regulations (Mississippi) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Developer Industrial Utility Program Info State Mississippi Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality The Surface Coal Mining Regulations are a combination of permitting requirements and environmental regulations that limit how, where and when coal can be mined. It protects lands that are under special regulation due to their nature, and applies only to state lands. When applied to Coal with Carbon Capture and Storage projects the rules that would apply to a normal coal-mining project still apply. In addition to these measures, a CCS plant would need to adhere to all waste disposal requirements, water usage

490

Arizona/Transmission/Local Regulations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Regulations Regulations < Arizona‎ | Transmission Jump to: navigation, search ArizonaTransmissionHeader.png Roadmap Agency Links Local Regulations State Regulations Summary General Transmission Dashboard Permitting Atlas Compare States Arizona California Colorado Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Oregon Utah Washington Wyoming Resource Library NEPA Database Local Siting Process A CEC granted by the TLSC must be in compliance with all applicable ordinances, master plans and regulations of the state, a county or an incorporated city or town in which a facility will be located.[1] [This is subject to the power to grant a CEC "notwithstanding any such ordinance, master plan or regulation, exclusive of franchises, if the committee finds as a fact that compliance with such ordinance, master plan or regulation is

491

Final Report - Glass Formulation Testing to Increase Sulfate Volatilization from Melter, VSL-04R4970-1, Rev. 0, dated 2/24/05  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The principal objectives of the DM100 and DM10 tests were to determine the impact of four different organics and one inorganic feed additive on sulfate volatilization and to determine the sulfur partitioning between the glass and the off-gas system. The tests provided information on melter processing characteristics and off-gas data including sulfur incorporation and partitioning. A series of DM10 and DM100 melter tests were conducted using a LAW Envelope A feed. The testing was divided into three parts. The first part involved a series of DM10 melter tests with four different organic feed additives: sugar, polyethylene glycol (PEG), starch, and urea. The second part involved two confirmatory 50-hour melter tests on the DM100 using the best combination of reductants and conditions based on the DM10 results. The third part was performed on the DM100 with feeds containing vanadium oxide (V{sub 2}O{sub 5}) as an inorganic additive to increase sulfur partitioning to the off-gas. Although vanadium oxide is not a reductant, previous testing has shown that vanadium shows promise for partitioning sulfur to the melter exhaust, presumably through its known catalytic effect on the SO{sub 2}/SO{sub 3} reaction. Crucible-scale tests were conducted prior to the melter tests to confirm that the glasses and feeds would be processable in the melter and that the glasses would meet the waste form (ILAW) performance requirements. Thus, the major objectives of these tests were to: ? Perform screening tests on the DM10 followed by tests on the DM100-WV system using a LAW -Envelope A feed with four organic additives to assess their impact on sulfur volatilization. ? Perform tests on the DM100-WV system using a LAW -Envelope A feed containing vanadium oxide to assess its impact on sulfur volatilization. ? Determine feed processability and product quality with the above additives. ? Collect melter emissions data to determine the effect of additives on sulfur partitioning and melter emissions. ? Collect and analyze discharged glass to determine sulfur retention in the glass. ? Prepare and characterize feeds and glasses with the additives to confirm that the feeds and the glass melts are suitable for processing in the DM100 melter. ? Prepare and characterize glasses with the additives to confirm that the glasses meet the waste form (ILAW) performance requirements.

Kruger, Albert A.; Matlack, K. A.; Pegg, I. L.; Gong, W.

2013-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

492

Characterization of the FNR Protein of Escherichid coli, an Iron-Binding Transcriptional Regulator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...coli, an Iron-Binding Transcriptional Regulator Jeffrey Green Martin Trageser Stephan...John R. Guest FNR is a transcriptional regulator mediating the activation or repression...coli, an iron-binding transcriptional regulator. | FNR is a transcriptional regulator...

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Microsoft Word - Regulating Change.docx  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

DOE Award No.: DE-FC26-06NT15567 Final Report Technology's Impact on Production Submitted by: Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission PO Box 53127 Oklahoma City, OK 73152 Prepared for: United States Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory March 17, 2010 Office of Fossil Energy New Energy Technologies Regulating Change Final Scientific/Technical Report Reporting Period Start Date: July 1, 2006 Reporting Period End Date: June 30, 2009 DE-FC26-06NT15567 Tasks 2 & 3 Principal Authors: Rachel Amann, Federal Projects Director Ellis Deweese, Legal and Regulatory Research Specialist Deborah Shipman, Technical Writing Specialist Submitted to:

494

Harmonization of Federal and International Regulations  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOT/PHMSA DOT/PHMSA Update Michael Conroy U.S. Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Office of Hazardous Materials Safety Radioactive Materials - 2 - HM-230 (1/26/04) Harmonized with 2000 Version of IAEA's 1996 Edition - 3 - Changes to the IAEA Regulations Since 2000 2003 Amendment 2005 Edition 2009 Edition U.S. Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Harmonization Rulemaking (HM-250) * Harmonize with 2009 Edition of TS-R-1 * Miscellaneous Other Fixes - Update, clarify, correct, or provide relief from certain regulatory requirements * DOT and NRC will both issue rulemakings - DOT NPRM Issued August 12, 2011 - NRC NPRM coming soon

495

Regulations & Rulemaking | Building Energy Codes Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Determinations Federal Buildings Manufactured Housing Resource Center Regulations & Rulemaking The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is required by law to establish mandatory energy efficiency requirements for new federal commercial and residential buildings and to develop energy efficiency standards for manufactured homes. Federal law also requires that DOE publish determinations as to whether new editions of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 and the International Energy Conservation Code will improve energy efficiency. In response, DOE, through the Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) undertakes rulemaking processes to facilitate full disclosure of DOE's analyses and development methodologies, to solicit public input, and to publish final rules. DOE's rulemaking process involves

496

State regulation of the coming competitive market  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Utilities and state commissions can have retail competition without a federal presence by integrating economics and reliability through a concept called Wide Open Load Following, or WOLF. Under WOLF, the transaction between the utility and the consumer would continue to be a sale that is subject to regulation by the state commission. As a retail sale, the transaction requires no FERC involvement. This article shows how WOLF combines economics and physics for pricing retail electric sales in a competitive market so that the sales remain under the jurisdiction of a state authority, even while third parties participate in the market.

Lively, M.B. [Lively (Mark B.), Gaithersburg, MD (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

497

Regulation changes create opportunities for pipeline manufacturers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US Department of Transportation`s (DOT) Research and Special Programs Administration (RSPA) is proposing to change its safety standards for the repair of corroded or damaged steel pipe in gas and hazardous liquid pipelines. For pipeline operators, the expected revisions will allow new flexibility in approaches to pipeline repair. Less costly and less disruptive procedures will be acceptable. For manufacturers, the changes will open opportunities for development of corrosion repair technology. A highly competitive market in new repair technology can be expected to arise. Current regulations, new technologies, and proposed safety standards are described.

Santon, J.

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Self-regulating flow control device  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A variable, self-regulating valve having a hydraulic loss coefficient proportional to a positive exponential power of the flow rate. The device includes two objects in a flow channel and structure which assures that the distance between the two objects is an increasing function of the flow rate. The range of spacing between the objects is such that the hydraulic resistance of the valve is an increasing function of the distance between the two objects so that the desired hydraulic loss coefficient as a function of flow rate is obtained without variation in the flow area.

Humphreys, Duane A. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

PCBs and OCPs on a East-to-West Transect: The Importance of Major Currents and Net Volatilization for PCBs in the Atlantic Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

PCBs and OCPs on a East-to-West Transect: The Importance of Major Currents and Net Volatilization for PCBs in the Atlantic Ocean ... In summary, we collected and analyzed samples collected across the tropical Atlantic to deduce whether (i) there were significant eastwest and northsouth gradients of selected PCB congeners and OCPs; (ii) the Atlantic Ocean was a net sink or secondary source of PCBs and OCPs; (iii) ocean current and river plumes would affect the presence and airwater gradients of selected POPs; and (iv) to compare active and passive sampling approaches for POPs. ... Iwata, H.; Tanabe, S.; Sakai, N.; Tatsukawa, R.Distribution of Persistent Organochlorines in the Oceanic Air and Surface Seawater and the Role of Oceans on Their Global Transport and Fate Environ. ...

Rainer Lohmann; Jana Klanova; Petr Kukucka; Shifra Yonis; Kevyn Bollinger

2012-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

500

The Numerically Optimized Regulator and the Functional Renormalization Group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We aim to optimize the functional form of the compactly supported smooth (CSS) regulator within the functional renormalization group (RG), in the framework of bosonized two-dimensional Quantum Electrodynamics (QED_2) and of the three-dimensional O(N=1) scalar field theory in the local potential approximation (LPA). The principle of minimal sensitivity (PMS) is used for the optimization of the CSS regulator, recovering all the major types of regulators in appropriate limits. Within the investigated class of functional forms, a thorough investigation of the CSS regulator, optimized with two different normalizations within the PMS method, confirms that the functional form of a regulator first proposed by Litim is optimal within the LPA. However, Litim's exact form leads to a kink in the regulator function. A form of the CSS regulator, numerically close to Litim's limit while maintaining infinite differentiability, remains compatible with the gradient expansion to all orders. A smooth analytic behaviour of the regulator is ensured by a small, but finite value of the exponential fall-off parameter in the CSS regulator. Consequently, a compactly supported regulator, in a parameter regime close to Litim's optimized form, but regularized with an exponential factor, appears to have favorable properties and could be used to address the scheme dependence of the functional renormalization group, at least within the the approximations employed in the studies reported here.

I. G. Marian; U. D. Jentschura; I. Nandori

2013-11-28T23:59:59.000Z