National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for visualizing lignin coalescence

  1. Bacterial extracellular lignin peroxidase

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Crawford, Donald L. (Moscow, ID); Ramachandra, Muralidhara (Moscow, ID)

    1993-01-01

    A newly discovered lignin peroxidase enzyme is provided. The enzyme is obtained from a bacterial source and is capable of degrading the lignin portion of lignocellulose in the presence of hydrogen peroxide. The enzyme is extracellular, oxidative, inducible by lignin, larch wood xylan, or related substrates and capable of attacking certain lignin substructure chemical bonds that are not degradable by fungal lignin peroxidases.

  2. Coalescence preference in densely packed microbubbles

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Kim, Yeseul; Lim, Su Jin; Gim, Bopil; Weon, Byung Mook

    2015-01-13

    A bubble merged from two parent bubbles with different size tends to be placed closer to the larger parent. This phenomenon is known as the coalescence preference. Here we demonstrate that the coalescence preference can be blocked inside a densely packed cluster of bubbles. We utilized high-speed high-resolution X-ray microscopy to clearly visualize individual coalescence events inside densely packed microbubbles with a local packing fraction of ~40%. Thus, the surface energy release theory predicts an exponent of 5 in a relation between the relative coalescence position and the parent size ratio, whereas our observation for coalescence in densely packed microbubblesmore »shows a different exponent of 2. We believe that this result would be important to understand the reality of coalescence dynamics in a variety of packing situations of soft matter.« less

  3. Bacterial extracellular lignin peroxidase

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Crawford, D.L.; Ramachandra, M.

    1993-08-03

    DNA constructs are provided for the production of Streptomyces lignin peroxidase. The enzyme finds use in the degradation of lignin and oxidation of organic substrates.

  4. Modulating lignin in plants

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Apuya, Nestor; Bobzin, Steven Craig; Okamuro, Jack; Zhang, Ke

    2013-01-29

    Materials and methods for modulating (e.g., increasing or decreasing) lignin content in plants are disclosed. For example, nucleic acids encoding lignin-modulating polypeptides are disclosed as well as methods for using such nucleic acids to generate transgenic plants having a modulated lignin content.

  5. Lignin Valorization-final-sm

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Routes To Lignin Depolymerization Chemical routes use the versatility of ionic liquid solvents to extract lignin from biomass and depolymerize the macromolecules at lower...

  6. Crack coalescence in granite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, James Thomas, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01

    This thesis experimentally investigates crack coalescence in prismatic Barre Granite specimens with two pre-cut, open flaws under uniaxial compression. Using a high-speed video system, crack initiation, propagation, and ...

  7. Fluorescence analyzer for lignin

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Berthold, John W. (Salem, OH); Malito, Michael L. (Hubbard, OH); Jeffers, Larry (Alliance, OH)

    1993-01-01

    A method and apparatus for measuring lignin concentration in a sample of wood pulp or black liquor comprises a light emitting arrangement for emitting an excitation light through optical fiber bundles into a probe which has an undiluted sensing end facing the sample. The excitation light causes the lignin concentration to produce fluorescent emission light which is then conveyed through the probe to analyzing equipment which measures the intensity of the emission light. Measures a This invention was made with Government support under Contract Number DOE: DE-FC05-90CE40905 awarded by the Department of Energy (DOE). The Government has certain rights in this invention.

  8. Lignin blockers and uses thereof

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yang, Bin (West Lebanon, NH); Wyman, Charles E. (Norwich, VT)

    2011-01-25

    Disclosed is a method for converting cellulose in a lignocellulosic biomass. The method provides for a lignin-blocking polypeptide and/or protein treatment of high lignin solids. The treatment enhances cellulase availability in cellulose conversion and allows for the determination of optimized pretreatment conditions. Additionally, ethanol yields from a Simultaneous Saccharification and Fermentation process are improved 5-25% by treatment with a lignin-blocking polypeptide and/or protein. Thus, a more efficient and economical method of processing lignin containing biomass materials utilizes a polypeptide/protein treatment step that effectively blocks lignin binding of cellulase.

  9. Lignin blockers and uses thereof

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yang, Bin; Wyman, Charles E

    2013-11-12

    Disclosed is a method for converting cellulose in a lignocellulosic biomass. The method provides for a lignin-blocking polypeptide and/or protein treatment of high lignin solids. The treatment enhances cellulase availability in cellulose conversion and allows for the determination of optimized pretreatment conditions. Additionally, ethanol yields from a Simultaneous Saccharification and Fermentation process are improved 5-25% by treatment with a lignin-blocking polypeptide and/or protein.

  10. Lignin | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History ViewInformationWinds JumpOxiranchem IncLighthouseLignin Jump to:

  11. Functionalized lignin, rubber containing functionalized lignin and products containing such rubber composition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benko, David Andrew; Hahn, Bruce Raymond; Cohen, Martin Paul; Dirk, Shawn Matthew; Cicotte, Kirsten Nicole

    2014-03-04

    The invention relates to functionalized lignin, rubber compositions which contain functionalized lignin and to products which have at least one component comprised of such rubber composition.

  12. To Coalesce or Not To Coalesce Khaled Salah

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salah, Khaled Hamed

    Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia Email: salah caused by heavy incoming traffic. One of the most popular solutions to mitigate such overhead is interrupt coalescing in which a single interrupt is generated for multiple incoming packets. This is opposed

  13. Lignin-assisted coal depolymerization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lalvani, S.B.

    1991-01-01

    Previous research has shown that addition of lignin-derived liquids to coal stirred in tetralin under mild reaction conditions (375{degree}C and 300--500 psig) results in a marked enhancement in the rate of coal depolymerization. A mathematical model was developed to study the kinetics of coal depolymerization in the presence of liquid-derived liquids. In the present study, a reaction pathway was formulated to explain the enhancement in coal depolymerization due to lignin (solid) addition. The model postulated assumes that the products of lignin obtained during thermolysis interact with the reactive moieties present in coal while simultaneous depolymerization of coal occurs. A good fit between the experimental data and the kinetic model was found. The results show that in addition to the enhancement in the rate of coal depolymerization, lignin also reacts (and enhances the extent of depolymerization of coal) with those reaction sites in coal that are not susceptible to depolymerization when coal alone is reacted in tetralin under identical reaction conditions. Additional work is being carried out to determine a thorough materials balance on the lignin-assisted coal depolymerization process. A number of liquid samples have been obtained which are being studied for their stability in various environments. 5 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

  14. Mathematical Properties of the Deep Coalescence Cost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenberg, Noah

    the maximum cost. We also study corresponding problems for a fixed gene tree. Index Terms--Deep coalescenceMathematical Properties of the Deep Coalescence Cost Cuong V. Than and Noah A. Rosenberg Abstract coalescence cost for reconciling a collection of gene trees is taken as an estimate of the species tree

  15. Liquid Fuels from Lignins: Annual Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chum, H. L.; Johnson, D. K.

    1986-01-01

    This task was initiated to assess the conversion of lignins into liquid fuels, primarily of lignins relevant to biomass-to-ethanol conversion processes. The task was composed of a literature review of this area and an experimental part to obtain pertinent data on the conversion of lignins germane to biomass-to-ethanol conversion processes.

  16. Cationic electrodepositable coating composition comprising lignin

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fenn, David; Bowman, Mark P; Zawacky, Steven R; Van Buskirk, Ellor J; Kamarchik, Peter

    2013-07-30

    A cationic electrodepositable coating composition is disclosed. The present invention in directed to a cationic electrodepositable coating composition comprising a lignin-containing cationic salt resin, that comprises (A) the reaction product of: lignin, an amine, and a carbonyl compound; (B) the reaction product of lignin, epichlorohydrin, and an amine; or (C) combinations thereof.

  17. The fate of lignin during hydrothermal pretreatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trajano, Heather L; Engle, Nancy L; Foston, Marcus; Ragauskas, Arthur J; Tschaplinski, Timothy J; Wyman, Charles E

    2013-01-01

    followed by a dioxane water extraction, while Trajano et al.water, limited condensation reactions for both substrates, as evidenced by greater lignin extraction

  18. Method of altering lignin in trees

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    MacKay, John (Raleigh, NC); O'Malley, David (Cary, NC); Whetten, Ross (Raleigh, NC); Sederoff, Ronald (Raleigh, NC)

    1998-01-01

    Methods of providing and breeding trees having more easily extractable lignin due to the presence of a cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (Cad) null gene are presented.

  19. Method of altering lignin in trees

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    MacKay, J.; O`Malley, D.; Whetten, R.; Sederoff, R.

    1998-10-20

    Methods of providing and breeding trees having more easily extractable lignin due to the presence of a cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (Cad) null gene are presented. 16 figs.

  20. Novel seed coat lignins in the Cactaceae: structure, distribution...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Novel seed coat lignins in the Cactaceae: structure, distribution and implications for the evolution of lignin diversity Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Novel seed coat...

  1. Preparation of lithium-ion battery anodes using lignin (Journal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Journal Article: Preparation of lithium-ion battery anodes using lignin Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Preparation of lithium-ion battery anodes using lignin Authors:...

  2. Method for recovering and using lignin in adhesive resins by extracting demethylated lignin

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schroeder, Herbert A. (Ft. Collins, CO)

    1991-01-01

    Lignin, or a lignin derived material, which has been significantly demethylated (e.g., the demethylated lignin found in the raffinate produced as a by-product of dimethyl sulfide production which can be carried out using the spent liquor from wood pulping operations) can be isolated by a process wherein an organic solvent is added to a lignin-containing aqueous solution. The organic solvent is typically a polar, and at least a partially water-immiscible substance such as, for example, ethyl acetate. The resulting lignin-containing aqueous solution/organic solvent mixture is acidified to produce a water layer which is discarded and an organic solvent layer which contains the demethylated lignin. Upon its recovery, the demethylated lignin is preferably dried and stored until it is used (along with an alkali, an aldehyde and an adhesive filler) in compounding an adhesive of the type generally used in the manufacture of plywood.

  3. Method for recovering and using lignin in adhesive resins by extracting demethylated lignin

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schroeder, Herbert A. (Ft. Collins, CO)

    1991-01-01

    Lignin, or a lignin derived material, which has been significantly demethylated (e.g., the demethylated lignin found in the raffinate produced as a by-product of dimethyl sulfide production which can be carried out using the spent liquor from wood pulping operations) can be isolated by a process wherein an organic solvent is added to a lignin-containing aqueous solution. The organic solvent is typically a polar, and at least a partially water-immiscible substance such as, for example, ethyl acetate. The resulting lignin-containing aqueous solution/organic solvent mixture is acidified to produce a water layer which is discarded and an organic solvent layer which contains the demethylated lignin. Upon its recovery, the demethylated lignin is dissolved in an alkaline solution to which an aldehyde source is added to produce a resol-type resin. The aldehyde source may be formaldehyde in solution, paraformaldehyde, hexamethylenetetramine, or other aldehydes including acetaldehyde, furfural, and their derivatives.

  4. Method for regulation of plant lignin composition

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chapple, Clint (West Lafayette, IN)

    1999-01-01

    A method is disclosed for the regulation of lignin composition in plant tissue. Plants are transformed with a gene encoding an active F5H gene. The expression of the F5H gene results in increased levels of syringyl monomer providing a lignin composition more easily degraded with chemicals and enzymes.

  5. Bunch coalescing in the Fermilab Main Ring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wildman, D.; Martin, P.; Meisner, K.; Miller, H.W.

    1987-03-01

    A new rf system has been installed in the Fermilab Main Ring to coalesce up to 13 individual bunches of protons or antiprotons into a single high-intensity bunch. The coalescing process consists of adiabatically reducing the h = 1113 Main Ring rf voltage from 1 MV to less than 1 kV, capturing the debunched beam in a linearized h = 53 and h = 106 bucket, rotating for a quarter of a synchrotron oscillation period, and then recapturing the beam in a single h = 1113 bucket. The new system will be described and the results of recent coalescing experiments will be compared with computer-generated particle tracking simulations.

  6. Methanol Fractionation of Softwood Kraft Lignin: Impact on the Lignin Properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saito, Tomonori [ORNL] [ORNL; Perkins, Joshua H [ORNL] [ORNL; Vautard, Frederic [ORNL] [ORNL; Meyer III, Harry M [ORNL] [ORNL; Messman, Jamie M [ORNL] [ORNL; Tolnai, Balazs [ORNL] [ORNL; Naskar, Amit K [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01

    The development of technologies to tune lignin properties for high-performance lignin-based materials is crucial for the utilization of lignin in various applications. Here, the effect of methanol (MeOH) fractionation on the molecular weight, molecular weight distribution, glass transition temperature (Tg), thermal decomposition, and chemical structure of lignin were investigated. Repeated MeOH fractionation of softwood Kraft lignin successfully removed the low-molecular-weight fraction. The separated high-molecular-weight lignin showed a Tg of 211 C and a char yield of 47%, much higher than those of asreceived lignin (Tg 153 C, char yield 41%). The MeOH-soluble fraction of lignin showed an increased low-molecular-weight fraction and a lower Tg (117 C) and char yield (32%). The amount of low-molecular-weight fraction showed a quantitative correlation with both 1/Tg and char yield in a linear regression. This study demonstrated the efficient purification or fractionation technology for lignin; it also established a theoretical and empirical correlation between the physical characteristics of fractionated lignins.

  7. Partonic coalescence in relativistic heavy ion collisions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greco, V.; Ko, Che Ming; Levai, P.

    2003-01-01

    Using a covariant coalescence model, we study hadron production in relativistic heavy ion collisions from both soft partons in the quark-gluon plasma and hard partons in minijets. Including transverse flow of soft partons and independent...

  8. Characterization of Trapped Lignin-Degrading Microbes in Tropical Forest Soil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeAngelis, Kristen

    2012-01-01

    of Trapped Lignin-Degrading Microbes in Tropical Forest Soilof Trapped Lignin-Degrading Microbes in Journals Tropicalof Trapped Lignin-Degrading Microbes in Tropical Forest Soil

  9. Biological Lignin Depolymerization Presentation for BETO 2015...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    solid DMR-EH Compositional analysis Molecular weight distribution Sample ID Content (%) Ash 2.18 Lignin 66.0 Glucan 9.24 Xylan 9.36 Galactan 1.04 Arabinan 1.62 Fructan 0.00...

  10. Biologically produced acid precipitable polymeric lignin

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Crawford, Don L. (Moscow, ID); Pometto, III, Anthony L. (Moscow, ID)

    1984-01-01

    A water soluble, acid precipitable polymeric degraded lignin (APPL), having a molecular weight of at least 12,000 daltons, and comprising, by percentage of total weight, at least three times the number of phenolic hydroxyl groups and carboxylic acid groups present in native lignin. The APPL may be modified by chemical oxidation and reduction to increase its phenolic hydroxyl content and reduce the number of its antioxidant inhibitory side chains, thereby improving antioxidant properties.

  11. Conductivity factor in the electrostatic coalescence of crude oil emulsions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, James B

    1998-01-01

    parameter on the rate of coalescence. Using previously established procedures, the potential for enhancement of the electrostatic coalescence rate for oil/water emulsions of highly refined oils and different grades of crude oils was explored using a 2-L...

  12. Controlling drop coalescence using nano-engineered surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corral, Manuel, Jr

    2011-01-01

    The dynamics of drop coalescence are explored on micro-scale surface features for the first time. Drop coalescence is defined as a process by which two or more droplets, bubbles or particles merge during contact to form a ...

  13. Tracking Hemicellulose and Lignin Deconstruction During Hydrothermal Pretreatment of Biomass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKenzie, Heather Lorelei

    2012-01-01

    degradation products with lignin products. However in this study, with the exception of Pt4, more phenols

  14. Genetic engineering of syringyl-enriched lignin in plants

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chiang, Vincent Lee; Li, Laigeng

    2004-11-02

    The present invention relates to a novel DNA sequence, which encodes a previously unidentified lignin biosynthetic pathway enzyme, sinapyl alcohol dehydrogenase (SAD) that regulates the biosynthesis of syringyl lignin in plants. Also provided are methods for incorporating this novel SAD gene sequence or substantially similar sequences into a plant genome for genetic engineering of syringyl-enriched lignin in plants.

  15. Process for producing phenolic compounds from lignins

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Agblevor, F.A.

    1998-09-15

    A process is described for the production of low molecular weight phenolic compounds from lignins through the pyrolysis of the lignins in the presence of a strong base. In a preferred embodiment, potassium hydroxide is present in an amount of from about 0.1% to about 5% by weight, the pyrolysis temperature is from about 400 C to about 600 C at atmospheric pressure, and the time period for substantial completion of the reaction is from about 1--3 minutes. Examples of low molecular weight phenolic compounds produced include methoxyphenols, non-methoxylated phenols, and mixtures thereof. 16 figs.

  16. Process for producing phenolic compounds from lignins

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Agblevor, Foster A. (Lakewood, CO)

    1998-01-01

    A process for the production of low molecular weight phenolic compounds from lignins through the pyrolysis of the lignins in the presence of a strong base. In a preferred embodiment, potassium hydroxide is present in an amount of from about 0.1% to about 5% by weight, the pyrolysis temperature is from about 400.degree. C. to about 600.degree. C. at atmospheric pressure, and the time period for substantial completion of the reaction is from about 1-3 minutes. Examples of low molecular weight phenolic compounds produced include methoxyphenols, non-methoxylated phenols, and mixtures thereof.

  17. Lignin-blocking treatment of biomass and uses thereof

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yang, Bin (Hanover, NH); Wyman, Charles E. (Norwich, VT)

    2009-10-20

    Disclosed is a method for converting cellulose in a lignocellulosic biomass. The method provides for a lignin-blocking polypeptide and/or protein treatment of high lignin solids. The treatment enhances cellulase availability in cellulose conversion. Cellulase efficiencies are improved by the protein or polypeptide treatment. The treatment may be used in combination with steam explosion and acid prehydrolysis techniques. Hydrolysis yields from lignin containing biomass are enhanced 5-20%, and enzyme utilization is increased from 10% to 50%. Thus, a more efficient and economical method of processing lignin containing biomass materials utilizes a polypeptide/protein treatment step that effectively blocks lignin binding of cellulase.

  18. Method for recovering and using lignin in adhesive resins

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schroeder, Herbert A. (Ft. Collins, CO)

    1993-01-01

    Lignin, or a lignin derived material, which has been significantly demethylated (e.g., the demethylated lignin found in the raffinate produced as a by-product of dimethyl sulfide production which can be carried out using the spent liquor from wood pulping operations) can be isolated by a process wherein an organic solvent is added to a lignin-containing aqueous solution. The organic solvent is typically a polar, and at least a partially water-immiscible substance such as, for example, ethyl acetate. The resulting lignin-containing aqueous solution/organic solvent mixture is acidified to produce a water layer which is discarded and an organic solvent layer which contains the demethylated lignin. Upon its recovery, the demethylated lignin is dissolved in an alkaline solution to which an aldehyde source is added to produce a resol-type resin. The aldehyde source may be formaldehyde in solution, paraformaldehyde, hexamethylenetetramine, or other aldehydes including acetaldehyde, furfural, and their derivatives.

  19. Isolation of a bacterium capable of degrading peanut hull lignin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kerr, T.A.; Kerr, R.D.; Benner, R.

    1983-11-01

    Thirty-seven bacterial strains capable of degrading peanut hull lignin were isolated by using four types of lignin preparations and hot-water-extracted peanut hulls. One of the isolates, tentatively identified as Arthrobacter species, was capable of utilizing all four lignin preparations as well as extracted peanut hulls as a sole source of carbon. The bacterium was also capable of degrading specifically labeled (/sup 14/C) lignin-labeled lignocellulose and (/sup 14/C)cellulose-labeled lignocellulose from the cordgrass Spartina alterniflora and could also degrade (/sup 14/C) Kraft lignin from slash pine. After 10 days of incubation with (/sup 14/C) cellulose-labeled lignocellulose or (/sup 14/C) lignin-labeled lignocellulose from S. alterniflora, the bacterium mineralized 6.5% of the polysaccharide component and 2.9% of the lignin component. (Refs. 24).

  20. Entrainment in two coalescing axisymmetric turbulent plumes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cenedese, Claudia; Linden, P. F.

    2014-07-11

    , K. G. & Rona, P. A. 1989 A model of an atlantic and pacific hydrothermal plume. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 94 (C5), 6213–6220. Turner, J. S. 1979 Buoyancy Effects in Fluids. New York: Cambridge University Press. Xu, Y., Rignot, E., Fenty... close together, and the depth at which the coalescing plumes reach their neutral buoyancy level and intrude horizontally in the stratified atmosphere de- pends on the details of this interaction. Buoyant turbulent plumes are produced around oceanic...

  1. Economic contribution of lignins to ethanol production from biomass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chum, H.L.; Parker, S.K.; Feinberg, D.A.; Wright, J.D.; Rice, P.A.; Sinclair, S.A.; Glasser, W.G.

    1985-05-01

    Lignin, one of the three major polymeric components of biomass (16% to 33% by weight in wood), has the highest specific heat content. Therefore, it can be burned for process fuel. Compared to coal, its fuel value is 2.2 cents/lb. This report investigates markets for lignin utilization of higher value. After lignin isolation from the process, purchase of replacement fuel (coal was analyzed), lignin sale for the manufacture of solid materials or higher value octane enhancers was evaluated. Polymeric applications evaluated were: surfactants, asphalt, carbon black, adhesives, and lignin plastics; agricultural applications were briefly reviewed. These lignins would generate coproduct credits of 25 cents to 150 cents/gallon of ethanol respectively for 7.5 cents to 60 cents/lb lignin value (isolation and eventual modification costs were taken into account). Overall markets for these polymeric applications were projected at 11 billion lb/year by the year 2000. These projections are intensities of demand and not actual shipments of lignins. In addition, this report investigates the possibility of converting lignins into mixtures of methyls aryl ethers and methyl substituted-aryl ethers which are high value octane enhancers, fully compatible with gasoline. The report intends to show that if fuel ethanol production in the billions of gallons scale occurs lignin markets would not be saturated. 10 refs., 14 figs., 36 tabs.

  2. p-Hydroxyphenyl (H) Units Lower the Degree of Polymerization in Lignin: Chemical Control in Lignin Biosynthesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sangha, A. K.; Parks, J. M.; Davis, M. F.; Smith, J. C.

    2013-01-01

    Lignin, composed predominantly of p-hydroxyphenyl (H), guaiacyl (G) and syringyl (S) subunits, is a major component of plant cell walls that imparts resistance toward chemical and microbial deconstruction of plant biomass, rendering its conversion inefficient and costly. Previous studies have shown that alterating lignin composition, i.e., the relative abundance of H, G and S subunits, promises more efficient extraction of sugars from plant biomass. Smaller and less branched lignin chains are more easily extracted during pretreatment, making cellulose more readily degradable. Here, using density functional theory calculations, we show that the incorporation of H subunits into lignin via b-b and b-5 interunit linkages reduces the degree of polymerization in lignin. Frontier molecular orbital analyses of lignin dimers and trimers show that H as a terminal subunit on a growing lignin polymer linked via b-b and b-5 linkage cannot undergo radical formation, preventing further chain growth by endwise polymerization resulting in lignin polymers with lower degree of polymerization. These results indicate that, for endwise polymerization in lignin synthesis, there exists a chemical control that may lay a significant role in determining the structure of lignin.

  3. Characterization of Trapped Lignin-Degrading Microbes in Tropical Forest Soil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeAngelis, Kristen

    2012-01-01

    PLoS ONE: Characterization of Trapped Lignin-DegradingAccess For Readers Hubs Characterization of Trapped Lignin-11:36:02 AM] PLoS ONE: Characterization of Trapped Lignin-

  4. Sandia Energy - "Bionic" Liquids from Lignin: Joint BioEnergy...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    from Lignin: Joint BioEnergy Institute Results Pave the Way for Closed-Loop Biofuel Refineries Home Renewable Energy Energy Transportation Energy Biofuels Facilities Partnership...

  5. Catalysis of 6? Electrocyclizations & Catalytic Disproportionation of Lignin Model Compounds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bishop, Lee

    2010-01-01

    catalytic reductions, and catalytic oxidations. 13 The high-processes for the catalytic oxidation of lignin has focusedand paper industry. Catalytic oxidation is of less interest

  6. Carbohydrate and lignin are simultaneously solubilized from unpretreat...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Carbohydrate and lignin are simultaneously solubilized from unpretreated switchgrass by microbial action at high temperature Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Carbohydrate...

  7. Synthetic Design Microorganisms for Lignin Fuels and Chemicals...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    polymerize and depolymerize aromatics. Scientific Questions: Can laccase synergize with cells to promote lignin depolymerization? How efficient is the reaction? Laccase and Cell...

  8. NREL Refines Method to Convert Lignin to Nylon Precursor - News...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to Convert Lignin to Nylon Precursor Recent Findings Published in Energy & Environmental Science February 26, 2015 A new study from the Energy Department's National Renewable...

  9. Interactions of Lignin and Hemicellulose and Effects on Biomass Deconstruction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Hongjia

    2012-01-01

    and lignin in biomass. NREL Laboratory Analytical Procedure.2008;NREL/TP-510-42618. DeMartini JD, Wyman CE. Changes inof Lignocellulosic Biomass. NREL Laboratory Analytical

  10. Lignin Utilization Presentation for BETO 2015 Project Peer Review

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    biomass polymer * 15-30% of biomass * 40% of biomass carbon * Typically slated for heat & power * Lignin valorization essential for DOE BETO 3gge cost target by 2022...

  11. Second harmonic electromagnetic emission via Langmuir wave coalescence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melrose, Don

    constraints.8 The theory of nonlinear three-wave processes to explain fundamental and second harmonic emissionSecond harmonic electromagnetic emission via Langmuir wave coalescence A. J. Willes, P. A. Robinson 1995 The coalescence of Langmuir waves to produce electromagnetic waves at twice the plasma frequency

  12. COALESCING NEUTRON STARS AS GAMMA RAY BURSTERS ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Ruffert; H. -Th. Janka; W. Keil; G. Schaefer

    1995-03-06

    We investigate the dynamics and evolution of coalescing neutron stars. The three-dimensional Newtonian equations of hydrodynamics are integrated by the `Piecewise Parabolic Method' However, we do include the effects of the emission of gravitational waves on the hydrodynamics. The properties of neutron star matter are described by the equation of state of Lattimer & Swesty. In addition to the fundamental hydrodynamic quantities, density, momentum, and energy, we follow the time evolution of the electron density in the stellar gas. Energy losses and changes of the electron abundance due to the emission of neutrinos are taken into account by an elaborate ``neutrino leakage scheme'', which employs a careful calculation of the lepton number and energy source terms of all neutrino types. The grid is Cartesian and equidistant with a resolution of 64**3 or 128**3, which allows us to calculate the self-gravity via fast Fourier transforms.

  13. Modification of lignin content and composition in plants

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ye, Zheng-Hua (Athens, GA)

    2002-01-01

    Plants and methods of preparing plants having reduced lignin content and/or altered lignin composition are provided. The activities of caffeoyl-CoA O-methyltransferase and/or caffeic acid O-methyltransferase enzymes in the modified plants are reduced.

  14. BSA Treatment to Enhance Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Cellulose in Lignin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Riverside, University of

    BSA Treatment to Enhance Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Cellulose in Lignin Containing Substrates Bin Yang cellulose and solids containing 56% cellulose and 28% lignin from dilute sulfuric acid pretreatment of corn stover. Little BSA was adsorbed on Avicel cellulose, while pretreated corn stover solids adsorbed

  15. Carbohydrate Derived-Pseudo-Lignin Can Retard Cellulose Biological Conversion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Riverside, University of

    ARTICLE Carbohydrate Derived-Pseudo-Lignin Can Retard Cellulose Biological Conversion Rajeev Kumar derived pseudo-lignin on cellulose conversion at the moderate to low enzyme loadings necessary for favorable economics, dilute acid pretreatment of Avicel cellulose alone and mixed with beechwood xylan

  16. Process for conversion of lignin to reformulated hydrocarbon gasoline

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shabtai, Joseph S. (Salt Lake City, UT); Zmierczak, Wlodzimierz W. (Salt Lake City, UT); Chornet, Esteban (Golden, CO)

    1999-09-28

    A process for converting lignin into high-quality reformulated hydrocarbon gasoline compositions in high yields is disclosed. The process is a two-stage, catalytic reaction process that produces a reformulated hydrocarbon gasoline product with a controlled amount of aromatics. In the first stage, a lignin material is subjected to a base-catalyzed depolymerization reaction in the presence of a supercritical alcohol as a reaction medium, to thereby produce a depolymerized lignin product. In the second stage, the depolymerized lignin product is subjected to a sequential two-step hydroprocessing reaction to produce a reformulated hydrocarbon gasoline product. In the first hydroprocessing step, the depolymerized lignin is contacted with a hydrodeoxygenation catalyst to produce a hydrodeoxygenated intermediate product. In the second hydroprocessing step, the hydrodeoxygenated intermediate product is contacted with a hydrocracking/ring hydrogenation catalyst to produce the reformulated hydrocarbon gasoline product which includes various desirable naphthenic and paraffinic compounds.

  17. Catalytic Hydrolytic Cleavage and Oxy-Cleavage of Lignin Linkages

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xia, Guanguang; Chen, Baowei; Zhang, Rui; Zhang, Z. Conrad

    2014-07-26

    In this work, new strategies involving organic bases were evaluated to depolymerize lignin to reduced molecular fragments in aqueous medium. NaOH as an inorganic base was also investigated as a reference. Full nature lignin samples are used for the study. As research tools to unravel the complexity of the macro lignin structure and bulky molecular size under this study, size exclusion chromatography and high resolution mass spectrometric analysis, typically used for protein characterizations, were used to follow the progress of lignin depolymerisation by measuring the molecular weight distribution of the products and determining the key molecular fingerprints, respectively. The results show that sodium phenoxide and guanidine carbonate are effective catalysts for lignin depolymerization. It is observed that there exists a synergism between H2O2 and the organic base, which is strongest with guanidine carbonate.

  18. SODIUM ALUMINOSILICATE FOULING AND CLEANING OF DECONTAMINATED SALT SOLUTION COALESCERS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poirier, M; Thomas Peters, T; Fernando Fondeur, F; Samuel Fink, S

    2008-10-28

    During initial non-radioactive operations at the Modular Caustic Side Solvent Extraction Unit (MCU), the pressure drop across the decontaminated salt solution coalescer reached {approx}10 psi while processing {approx}1250 gallons of salt solution, indicating possible fouling or plugging of the coalescer. An analysis of the feed solution and the 'plugged coalescer' concluded that the plugging was due to sodium aluminosilicate solids. MCU personnel requested Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) to investigate the formation of the sodium aluminosilicate solids (NAS) and the impact of the solids on the decontaminated salt solution coalescer. Researchers performed developmental testing of the cleaning protocols with a bench-scale coalescer container 1-inch long segments of a new coalescer element fouled using simulant solution. In addition, the authors obtained a 'plugged' Decontaminated Salt Solution coalescer from non-radioactive testing in the MCU and cleaned it according to the proposed cleaning procedure. Conclusions from this testing include the following: (1) Testing with the bench-scale coalescer showed an increase in pressure drop from solid particles, but the increase was not as large as observed at MCU. (2) Cleaning the bench-scale coalescer with nitric acid reduced the pressure drop and removed a large amount of solid particles (11 g of bayerite if all aluminum is present in that form or 23 g of sodium aluminosilicate if all silicon is present in that form). (3) Based on analysis of the cleaning solutions from bench-scale test, the 'dirt capacity' of a 40 inch coalescer for the NAS solids tested is calculated as 450-950 grams. (4) Cleaning the full-scale coalescer with nitric acid reduced the pressure drop and removed a large amount of solid particles (60 g of aluminum and 5 g of silicon). (5) Piping holdup in the full-scale coalescer system caused the pH to differ from the target value. Comparable hold-up in the facility could lead to less effective cleaning and precipitation of bayerite solid particles. (6) Based on analysis of the cleaning solutions from the full-scale test, the 'dirt capacity' of a 40 inch coalescer for these NAS solids was calculated to be 40-170 grams.

  19. Recent results and persisting problems in modeling flow induced coalescence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fortelný, I. E-mail: juza@imc.cas.cz; Jza, J. E-mail: juza@imc.cas.cz

    2014-05-15

    The contribution summarizes recent results of description of the flow induced coalescence in immiscible polymer blends and addresses problems that call for which solving. The theory of coalescence based on the switch between equations for matrix drainage between spherical or deformed droplets provides a good agreement with more complicated modeling and available experimental data for probability, P{sub c}, that the collision of droplets will be followed by their fusion. A new equation for description of the matrix drainage between deformed droplets, applicable to the whole range of viscosity ratios, p, of the droplets and matrixes, is proposed. The theory facilitates to consider the effect of the matrix elasticity on coalescence. P{sub c} decreases with the matrix relaxation time but this decrease is not pronounced for relaxation times typical of most commercial polymers. Modeling of the flow induced coalescence in concentrated systems is needed for prediction of the dependence of coalescence rate on volume fraction of droplets. The effect of the droplet anisometry on P{sub c} should be studied for better understanding the coalescence in flow field with high and moderate deformation rates. A reliable description of coalescence in mixing and processing devices requires proper modeling of complex flow fields.

  20. Potential role of lignin in tomorrow's wood utilization technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glasser, W.G.

    1981-03-01

    Low-grade timber supplies and wood processing residues are presently converted into paper products, used for fuel, or remain totally unused. Competition for this resource will continue to mount, particularly when manufacturers of chemicals and liquid fuels enter the market with new technologies now under development. The type of technology that concentrates on depolymerization of carbohydrates will generate large quantities of lignin-rich residues. The potential of these lignins to contribute to the economic feasibility of new chemical wood process technologies may involve degradative depolymerization to phenols and benzene, or polymer conversion into a wide variety of dispersants, binders, reinforcing and antioxidizing agents, etc. Where lignin's fuel value lies around 3 to 4 cents/lb. (fall of 1979), its raw material value for phenol is reported to be almost 5 cents/lb., and the value of the polymeric materials is estimated to be between 6 and 20 cents/lb. At the lower end of this range of raw material values are ligninsulfonates, which contribute nearly 98 percent to the approximately 1.5 billion lb./yr. U.S. market for lignin products. Kraft lignins are located at the opposite end of this range. Novel bioconversion-type lignins are expected to be more similar in structure and properties to kraft than to sulfite lignins. Whereas application of the dispersant properties of ligninsulfonates in tertiary oil recovery operations is expected to constitute the most significant use of lignin in terms of volume, adhesive and resin applications hold the greatest promise in terms of value. Both utilization schemes seem to require pretreatments in the form of either polymeric fractionation or chemical modification. Potential savings from the use of polymeric lignins in material systems are great.

  1. Coalescence of bubbles and drops in an outer fluid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph D. Paulsen; Rémi Carmigniani; Anerudh Kannan; Justin C. Burton; Sidney R. Nagel

    2014-07-24

    When two liquid drops touch, a microscopic connecting liquid bridge forms and rapidly grows as the two drops merge into one. Whereas coalescence has been thoroughly studied when drops coalesce in vacuum or air, many important situations involve coalescence in a dense surrounding fluid, such as oil coalescence in brine. Here we study the merging of gas bubbles and liquid drops in an external fluid. Our data indicate that the flows occur over much larger length scales in the outer fluid than inside the drops themselves. Thus we find that the asymptotic early regime is always dominated by the viscosity of the drops, independent of the external fluid. A phase diagram showing the crossovers into the different possible late-time dynamics identifies a dimensionless number that signifies when the external viscosity can be important.

  2. Coalescence of bubbles and drops in an outer fluid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paulsen, Joseph D; Kannan, Anerudh; Burton, Justin C; Nagel, Sidney R

    2014-01-01

    When two liquid drops touch, a microscopic connecting liquid bridge forms and rapidly grows as the two drops merge into one. Whereas coalescence has been thoroughly studied when drops coalesce in vacuum or air, many important situations involve coalescence in a dense surrounding fluid, such as oil coalescence in brine. Here we study the merging of gas bubbles and liquid drops in an external fluid. Our data indicate that the flows occur over much larger length scales in the outer fluid than inside the drops themselves. Thus we find that the asymptotic early regime is always dominated by the viscosity of the drops, independent of the external fluid. A phase diagram showing the crossovers into the different possible late-time dynamics identifies a dimensionless number that signifies when the external viscosity can be important.

  3. Crack coalescence in molded gypsum and Carrara marble

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Ngai Yuen

    2008-01-01

    This thesis investigates the fracturing and coalescence behavior in prismatic laboratory molded gypsum and Carrara marble specimens, which consist of either one or two preexisting open flaws, under uniaxial compression. ...

  4. Modeling of crack initiation, propagation and coalescence in rocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonçalves da Silva, Bruno Miguel

    2009-01-01

    Natural or artificial fracturing of rock plays a very important role in geologic processes and for engineered structures in and on rock. Fracturing is associated with crack initiation, propagation and coalescence, which ...

  5. Crack coalescence in rock-like material under cycling loading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ko, Tae Young, 1973-

    2005-01-01

    A total of 170 tests (68 tests for monotonic loading, 102 tests for cyclic loading) have been performed to investigate crack initiation, propagation and coalescence. The specimens have two pre-existing flaws which are ...

  6. The influence of surface tension gradients on drop coalescence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bush, John W. M.

    We present the results of a combined experimental and numerical investigation of the coalescence of a drop with a liquid reservoir of a miscible but distinct fluid. Particular attention is given to elucidating the influence ...

  7. Genealogies of regular exchangeable coalescents with applications to sampling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Limic, Vlada

    2010-01-01

    This article considers a model of genealogy corresponding to a regular exchangeable coalescent (also known as Xi-coalescent) started from a large finite configuration, and undergoing neutral mutations. Asymptotic expressions for the number of active lineages were obtained by the author in a previous work. Analogous results for the number of active mutation-free lineages and the combined lineage lengths are derived using the same martingale-based technique. They are given in terms of convergence in probability, while extensions to convergence in moments and convergence almost surely are discussed. The above mentioned results have direct consequences on the sampling theory in the Xi-coalescent setting. In particular, the regular Xi-coalescents that come down from infinity (i.e., with locally finite genealogies), have an asymptotically equal number of families under the corresponding infinite alleles and infinite sites models. In special cases, quantitative asymptotic formulae for the number of families that con...

  8. On the Inside How Low Can Lignin Go?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kachroo, Pradeep

    of plant biotech- nology. Lignin is an unwanted product in the pulp and paper industry because it increases the costs of paper produc- tion and associated water treatments necessary for environmental protection

  9. NREL Overcomes Obstacles in Lignin Valorization (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2015-01-01

    This NREL Highlight is being produced for the 2015 February Alliance S&T Board meeting, and describes research that shows lignin can be converted into renewable fuels, chemicals, and materials.

  10. Plants with modified lignin content and methods for production thereof

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhao, Qiao; Chen, Fang; Dixon, Richard A.

    2014-08-05

    The invention provides methods for decreasing lignin content and for increasing the level of fermentable carbohydrates in plants by down-regulation of the NST transcription factor. Nucleic acid constructs for down-regulation of NST are described. Transgenic plants are provided that comprise reduced lignin content. Plants described herein may be used, for example, as improved biofuel feedstock and as highly digestible forage crops. Methods for processing plant tissue and for producing ethanol by utilizing such plants are also provided.

  11. Coalescence of Low-Viscosity Fluids in Air

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarah C. Case

    2008-09-09

    An electrical method is used to study the early stages of coalescence of two low-viscosity drops. A drop of aqueous NaCl solution is suspended in air above a second drop of the same solution which is grown until the drops touch. At that point a rapidly widening bridge forms between them. By measuring the resistance and capacitance of the system during this coalescence event, one can obtain information about the time dependence of the characteristic bridge radius and its characteristic height. At early times, a new asymptotic regime is observed that is inconsistent with previous theoretical predictions. The measurements at several drop radii and approach velocities are consistent with a model in which the two liquids coalesce with a slightly deformed interface.

  12. Coalescence model for crumpled globules formed in polymer collapse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bunin, Guy

    2015-01-01

    The rapid collapse of a polymer, due to external forces or changes in solvent, yields a long-lived `crumpled globule,' shaped by hierarchical collapse dynamics. The conjectured fractal structure of this state has proved difficult to establish, even with large simulations. To unravel this puzzle, we study a coarse-grained model with in-falling spherical blobs that coalesce upon contact. Distances between pairs of monomers are assigned upon their initial coalescence, and do not `equilibrate' subsequently. Surprisingly, the model reproduces quantitatively the dependence of distance on segment length, suggesting that the slow approach to scaling is related to a wide distribution of blob sizes.

  13. Lignin's potential contribution to the feasibility of biomass conversion to ethanol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muller, P.C.; Glasser, W.G.

    1983-01-01

    The potential contribution of lignin toward the economic improvement of processes involving the bioconversion of lignocellulosics to liquid fuels such as ethyl alcohol was examined. This improvement in process economics is achieved by the employment of a two-product process scheme whereby lignin-rich residues separated from cellulosics during bioconversion are marketed as polymeric materials. Lignin's utility as a marketable macromolecule was assessed by (a) characterization of structural features in bioconversion lignins with reference to commercial lignin products, (b) by examining lignin in terms of its value as a component in polymer systems such as urethane and phenol-formaldehyde thermosetting adhesives, and (c) by identifying potential high-volume, high-value lignin market categories which could absorb lignin fractions produced in future bioconversion scenarios. 38 references, 7 figures, 4 tables.

  14. Evidence for Complex Molecular Architectures for Solvent-Extracted Lignins

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rials, Timothy G [ORNL; Urban, Volker S [ORNL; Langan, Paul [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)

    2012-01-01

    Lignin, an abundant, naturally occurring biopolymer, is often considered 'waste' and used as a simple fuel source in the paper-making process. However, lignin has emerged as a promising renewable resource for engineering materials, such as carbon fibers. Unfortunately, the molecular architecture of lignin (in vivo and extracted) is still elusive, with numerous conflicting reports in the literature, and knowledge of this structure is extremely important, not only for materials technologies, but also for production of biofuels such as cellulosic ethanol due to biomass recalcitrance. As such, the molecular structures of solvent-extracted (sulfur-free) lignins, which have been modified using various acyl chlorides, have been probed using small-angle X-ray (SAXS) and neutron (SANS) scattering in tetrahydrofuran (THF) solution along with hydrodynamic characterization using dilute solution viscometry and gel permeation chromatography (GPC) in THF. Mass spectrometry shows an absolute molecular weight {approx}18-30 kDa ({approx}80-140 monomers), while GPC shows a relative molecular weight {approx}3 kDa. A linear styrene oligomer (2.5 kDa) was also analyzed in THF using SANS. Results clearly show that lignin molecular architectures are somewhat rigid and complex, ranging from nanogels to hyperbranched macromolecules, not linear oligomers or physical assemblies of oligomers, which is consistent with previously proposed delignification (extraction) mechanisms. Future characterization using the methods discussed here can be used to guide extraction processes as well as genetic engineering technologies to convert lignin into value added materials with the potential for high positive impact on global sustainability.

  15. Process for conversion of lignin to reformulated, partially oxygenated gasoline

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shabtai, Joseph S. (Salt Lake City, UT); Zmierczak, Wlodzimierz W. (Salt Lake City, UT); Chornet, Esteban (Golden, CO)

    2001-01-09

    A high-yield process for converting lignin into reformulated, partially oxygenated gasoline compositions of high quality is provided. The process is a two-stage catalytic reaction process that produces a reformulated, partially oxygenated gasoline product with a controlled amount of aromatics. In the first stage of the process, a lignin feed material is subjected to a base-catalyzed depolymerization reaction, followed by a selective hydrocracking reaction which utilizes a superacid catalyst to produce a high oxygen-content depolymerized lignin product mainly composed of alkylated phenols, alkylated alkoxyphenols, and alkylbenzenes. In the second stage of the process, the depolymerized lignin product is subjected to an exhaustive etherification reaction, optionally followed by a partial ring hydrogenation reaction, to produce a reformulated, partially oxygenated/etherified gasoline product, which includes a mixture of substituted phenyl/methyl ethers, cycloalkyl methyl ethers, C.sub.7 -C.sub.10 alkylbenzenes, C.sub.6 -C.sub.10 branched and multibranched paraffins, and alkylated and polyalkylated cycloalkanes.

  16. Recent Development in Chemical Depolymerization of Lignin: A Review

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Wang, Hai; Tucker, Melvin; Ji, Yun

    2013-01-01

    This article reviewed recent development of chemical depolymerization of lignins. There were five types of treatment discussed, including base-catalyzed, acid-catalyzed, metallic catalyzed, ionic liquids-assisted, and supercritical fluids-assisted lignin depolymerizations. The methods employed in this research were described, and the important results were marked. Generally, base-catalyzed and acid-catalyzed methods were straightforward, but the selectivity was low. The severe reaction conditions (high pressure, high temperature, and extreme pH) resulted in requirement of specially designed reactors, which led to high costs of facility and handling. Ionic liquids, and supercritical fluids-assisted lignin depolymerizations had high selectivity, but the high costs of ionic liquids recyclingmore »and supercritical fluid facility limited their applications on commercial scale biomass treatment. Metallic catalyzed depolymerization had great advantages because of its high selectivity to certain monomeric compounds and much milder reaction condition than base-catalyzed or acid-catalyzed depolymerizations. It would be a great contribution to lignin conversion if appropriate catalysts were synthesized.« less

  17. Hydrotreating Pyrolytic Lignin to Produce a Refinery Feedstock (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    French, R. J.

    2013-09-01

    Fast pyrolysis of biomass followed by water separation to produce pyrolytic lignin and hydrotreating of the lignin could be used to produce a stable volatile low-oxygen intermediate liquid. Such a liquid could be converted into a finished motor-fuel in a refinery, taking advantage of the existing infrastructure and economies of scale of refineries. Hydrotreating just the lignin would consume less hydrogen while preserving about half of the energy of the original oil. The aqueous by-products could be reformed to produce the needed hydrogen and would contain much of the unwanted acids and unstable oxygenates. To assess such intermediate liquids, several pyrolytic lignins were prepared by mixing pyrolysis oil with water at 1:1 and 3:1 ratios. The carboxylic acidity in the pyrolytic lignin was reduced to 24 and 10 mg-KOH/g-lignin compared to 81 in the whole oil. These lignins were hydrotreated using Ni-Mo(S)/alumina, Pt/char, or Pd/C(activated) in a semi-batch 1 L stirred autoclave. The oil was stabilized under hydrogen at 150-280 degrees C, then water and light organics were removed by partial depressurization. Hydrodeoxygenation was then performed at 340-400 degrees C. Total pressure was controlled at 70 or 170 bar with hydrogen gas. Organic liquid yields of 39-56% were obtained. For many experiments the organic oxygen content was <7%, acidity was < 7 mg-KOH/g-oil, the volatility was greater than or equal to 94% and, on a carbon basis, the total yield of organic products miscible in hydrocarbons at a 1:10 ratio was over 50%. These properties are probably acceptable to a refinery.The residual liquids left in the reactor at the end of the experiment comprised 60-85% of the organic-phase product while the rest was condensate. 13C-NMR of the residual liquids showed that they were 50-80% aliphatic. 13C-NMR coupled with GC-MS identified phenolic compounds as the main oxygenates in most residual liquids.

  18. Bio-inspired MOF-based Catalysts for Lignin Valorization.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allendorf, Mark D.; Stavila, Vitalie; Ramakrishnan, Parthasarathi; Davis, Ryan Wesley

    2014-09-01

    Lignin is a potentially plentiful source of renewable organics, with ~50Mtons/yr produced by the pulp/paper industry and 200-300 Mtons/yr projected production by a US biofuels industry. This industry must process approximately 1 billion tons of biomass to meet the US Renewable Fuel goals. However, there are currently no efficient processes for converting lignin to value-added chemicals and drop-in fuels. Lignin is therefore an opportunity for production of valuable renewable chemicals, but presents staggering technical and economic challenges due to the quantities of material involved and the strong chemical bonds comprising this polymer. Aggressive chemistries and high temperatures are required to degrade lignin without catalysts. Moreover, chemical non-uniformity among lignins leads to complex product mixtures that tend to repolymerize. Conventional petrochemical approaches (pyrolysis, catalytic cracking, gasification) are energy intensive (400-800 degC), require complicated separations, and remove valuable chemical functionality. Low-temperature (25-200 degC) alternatives are clearly desirable, but enzymes are thermally fragile and incompatible with liquid organic compounds, making them impractical for large-scale biorefining. Alternatively, homogeneous catalysts, such as recently developed vanadium complexes, must be separated from product mixtures, while many heterogenous catalysts involve costly noble metals. The objective of this project is to demonstrate proof of concept that an entirely new class of biomimetic, efficient, and industrially robust synthetic catalysts based on nanoporous Metal- Organic Frameworks (MOFs) can be developed. Although catalytic MOFs are known, catalysis of bond cleavage reactions needed for lignin degradation is completely unexplored. Thus, fundamental research is required that industry and most sponsoring agencies are currently unwilling to undertake. We introduce MOFs infiltrated with titanium and nickel species as catalysts for the C-O bond hydrogenolysis in model compounds, which mimic the b-O-4, a-O-4, and 4-O-5 linkages of natural lignin. The versatile IRMOF-74(n) series is proposed as a platform for creating efficient hydrogenolysis catalysts as it not only displays tunable pore sizes, but also has the required thermal and chemical stability. The catalytic C-O bond cleavage occurs at 10 bar hydrogen pressure and temperatures as low as 120 degC. The conversion efficiency of the aromatic ether substrates into the corresponding hydrocarbons and phenols varies as PhCH 2 CH 2 OPh > PhCH 2 OPh > PhOPh (Ph = phenyl), while the catalytic activity generally follows the following trend Ni%40IRMOF-74>Ti%40IRMOF-74>IRMOF-74. Conversions as high as 80%, coupled with good selectivity for hydrogenolysis vs. hydrogenation, highlight the potential of MOF-based catalysts for the selective cleavage of recalcitrant aryl-ether bonds found in lignin and other biopolymers. This project supports the DOE Integrated Biorefinery Program goals, the objective of which is to convert biomass to fuels and high-value chemicals, by addressing an important technology gap: the lack of low-temperature catalysts suitable for industrial lignin degradation. Biomass, which is ~30 wt% lignin, constitutes a potentially major source of platform chemicals that could improve overall profitability and productivity of all energy-related products, thereby benefiting consumers and reducing national dependence on imported oil. Additionally, DoD has a strong interest in low-cost drop-in fuels (Navy Biofuel Initiative) and has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with DOE and USDA to develop a sustainable biofuels industry.

  19. Hadron production from quark coalescence and jet fragmentation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greco, V.; Ko, Che Ming; Vitev, I.

    2005-01-01

    (dashed line). Experimental pi 0 (filled circles) and proton (open squares) data at ?sNN = 200 GeV [40,42] are shown for reference. Inset: The ratio r(pT ) of the contribution from quark coalescence to that from both quark coalescence and minijet... in the inset of Fig. 1, where the ratio r(pT ) of the contribution from quark 4 5 63210 7 8 pT (GeV) 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 Rati o p/pi+ (200 GeV) p/pi? (200 GeV) p/pi (62 GeV) p/pi (62 GeV) FIG. 2. (Color online) Same as Fig. 1 for the ratios...

  20. Complete phenomenological gravitational waveforms from spinning coalescing binaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Sturani; S. Fischetti; L. Cadonati; G. M. Guidi; J. Healy; D. Shoemaker; A. Viceré

    2010-11-03

    The quest for gravitational waves from coalescing binaries is customarily performed by the LIGO-Virgo collaboration via matched filtering, which requires a detailed knowledge of the signal. Complete analytical coalescence waveforms are currently available only for the non-precessing binary systems. In this paper we introduce complete phenomenological waveforms for the dominant quadrupolar mode of generically spinning systems. These waveforms are constructed by bridging the gap between the analytically known inspiral phase, described by spin Taylor (T4) approximants in the restricted waveform approximation, and the ring-down phase through a phenomenological intermediate phase, calibrated by comparison with specific, numerically generated waveforms, describing equal mass systems with dimension-less spin magnitudes equal to 0.6. The overlap integral between numerical and phenomenological waveforms ranges between 0.95 and 0.99.

  1. J/Psi Production by Charm Quark Coalescence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. E. Kahana; S. H. Kahana

    2010-06-30

    Production of $c\\bar c$ pairs in elementary hadron-hadron collisions is introduced in a simulation of relativistic heavy ion collisions. Coalescence of charmed quarks and antiquarks into various charmonium states is performed and the results are compared to PHENIX J$/\\psi$ Au+Au data. The $\\chi$ and $\\psi$' bound states must be included as well as the ground state J$/\\psi$, given the appreciable feeding from the excited states down to the J$/\\psi$ via gamma decays. Charmonium coalescence is found to take place at relatively late times: generally after $c$($\\bar c$)-medium interactions have ceased. Direct production of charmonia through hadron-hadron interactions, {\\it ie.} without explicit presence of charm quarks, occurring only at early times, is suppressed by collisions with comoving particles and accounts for some $\\sim 5\\%$ of the total J$/\\psi$ production. Coalescence is especially sensitive to the level of open charm production, scaling naively as $n_{c\\bar c}^2$. The J$/\\psi$ transverse momentum distribution is dependent on the charm quark transverse momentum distribution and early charm quark-medium interaction, thus providing a glimpse of the initial collision history.

  2. Lignin-assisted coal depolymerization. Technical report, December 1, 1991--February 29, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lalvani, S.B.

    1992-08-01

    Previous research has shown that addition of lignin and lignin-derived liquids to coal stirred in tetralin under mild reaction conditions (375{degrees}C and 300--500 psig) results in a marked enhancement in the rate of coal depolymerization. In this quarterly report, overall mass balances on experiments conducted with tetralin, coal, lignin and coal-lignin mixture are reported. Overall mass recoveries of 95--99% of the total mass charged to the reactor were obtained. A number of experiments were conducted on coal, lignin and coal-lignin depolymerization. A careful statistical analysis of the data shows that coal depolymerization is enhanced by 10.4%, due to the lignin addition. The liquids obtained are being examined for their elemental composition, and molecular weight determination by size exclusion chromatography. The stability of the liquid products is being examined in various environments. The gaseous product analyses show that the major gases produced during the course of depolymerization are CO, CH{sub 4}, and CO{sub 2}. When coal and lignin are reacted together, the amount of CO and CH{sub 4}produced respectively 12% and 38% greater than the corresponding amount of gases calculated, based on the weighted average of values obtained for coal and lignin alone. The data obtained show that lignin addition to coal is synergistic in that not only is the extent of coal depolymerization increased, but the gas produced contains higher concentrations of more desirable gaseous products.

  3. Development of a prototype lignin concentration sensor. Final report. Draft

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jeffers, L.A.

    1994-11-01

    The ultimate objective of the DOE-sponsored program discussed in this report is to commercialize an instrument for real-time, in-situ measurement of lignin in wood pulp at a variety of locations in the pulp process stream. The instrument will be used as a primary sensor for process control in the pulp and paper industry. Work done by B&W prior to the initiation of this program had shown: there is a functional relationship between the fluorescence intensity and the Kappa number as measured at the pulp mill laboratory. Kappa number is a standard wet chemical method for determination of the lignin concentration; the relationship is one of decreasing intensity with Kappa number, indicating operation in the quenched fluorescence regime; a great deal of scatter in the data. Because of the preliminary nature of the study, the origin of the scatter was not identified. This report documents the results of laboratory measurements made on a variety of well defined pulp samples to generate the data necessary to: determine the feasibility of an instrument for on-line lignin concentration measurement using laser fluorescence; identify the preferred measurement strategy; define the range of applicability of the instrument; and to provide background information to guide the design of a field-worthy prototype.

  4. On-line measurement of lignin in wood pulp by color shift of fluorescence

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jeffers, L.A.; Malito, M.L.

    1996-01-23

    Lignin concentrations from wood pulp samples are measured by applying an excitation light at a selected wavelength to the samples in order to cause the lignin to emit fluorescence. A spectral distribution of the fluorescence emission is then determined. The lignin concentration is then calculated based on the spectral distribution signal. The spectral distribution is quantified by either a wavelength centroid method or a band ratio method. 6 figs.

  5. On-line measurement of lignin in wood pulp by color shift of fluorescence

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jeffers, Larry A. (Washington Township, Stark County, OH); Malito, Michael L. (Liberty Township, Trumbull County, OH)

    1996-01-01

    Lignin concentrations from wood pulp samples are measured by applying an excitation light at a selected wavelength to the samples in order to cause the lignin to emit fluorescence. A spectral distribution of the fluorescence emission is then determined. The lignin concentration is then calculated based on the spectral distribution signal. The spectral distribution is quantified by either a wavelength centroid method or a band ratio method.

  6. Catalytic C-O Bond Cleavage of 2-Aryloxy-1-arylethanols and Its Application to the Depolymerization of Lignin-Related Polymers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    of Lignin-Related Polymers Jason M. Nichols, Lee M. Bishop,found in lignin-related polymers. The bond transformationof a lignin-related polymer quantitatively yields the

  7. Characterization of trapped lignin-degrading microbes in tropical forest soil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeAngelis, K.M.

    2012-01-01

    Center for Applied Biogeosciences, University of Tulsa,Tulsa OK 74104; Department of Environmental Science, PolicyBio-Sep® (University of Tulsa) beads to create the lignin-

  8. Characterization of trapped lignin-degrading microbes in tropical forest soil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeAngelis, K.M.

    2012-01-01

    of trapped lignin-degrading microbes in tropical forest soilunseen majority: soil microbes as drivers of plant diversitya challenge for soil microbes and biofuels engineers alike.

  9. Characterization of trapped lignin-degrading microbes in tropical forest soil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeAngelis, K.M.

    2012-01-01

    degradation of the lignin substrate analog L-dihydrophenylalanine (L-DOPA) with 0.3% hydrogen peroxide for peroxidase, and without for phenol

  10. Characterization of Trapped Lignin-Degrading Microbes in Tropical Forest Soil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeAngelis, Kristen

    2012-01-01

    degradation of the lignin substrate analog L-dihydrophenylalanine (L-DOPA) with 0.3% hydrogen peroxide for peroxidase, and without for phenol

  11. Forest Biomass and Lignocellulosic Materials Forest-derived biopolymers lignin and cellulose

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nair, Sankar

    Forest Biomass and Lignocellulosic Materials Forest-derived biopolymers lignin and cellulose of sustainable products such as nanocellulose and biocomposites from forest biomass; biorefining to develop high

  12. Final Report: Investigation of Catalytic Pathways for Lignin Breakdown into Monomers and Fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gluckstein, Jeffrey A; Hu, Michael Z.; Kidder, Michelle; McFarlane, Joanna; Narula, Chaitanya Kumar; Sturgeon, Matthew R

    2010-12-01

    Lignin is a biopolymer that comprises up to 35% of woody biomass by dry weight. It is currently underutilized compared to cellulose and hemicellulose, the other two primary components of woody biomass. Lignin has an irregular structure of methoxylated aromatic groups linked by a suite of ether and alkyl bonds which makes it difficult to degrade selectively. However, the aromatic components of lignin also make it promising as a base material for the production of aromatic fuel additives and cyclic chemical feed stocks such as styrene, benzene, and cyclohexanol. Our laboratory research focused on three methods to selectively cleave and deoxygenate purified lignin under mild conditions: acidolysis, hydrogenation and electrocatalysis. (1) Acidolysis was undertaken in CH2Cl2 at room temperature. (2) Hydrogenation was carried out by dissolving lignin and a rhodium catalyst in 1:1 water:methoxyethanol under a 1 atm H2 environment. (3) Electrocatalysis of lignin involved reacting electrically generated hydrogen atoms at a catalytic palladium cathode with lignin dissolved in a solution of aqueous methanol. In all of the experiments, the lignin degradation products were identified and quantified by gas chromatography mass spectroscopy and flame ionization detection. Yields were low, but this may have reflected the difficulty in recovering the various fractions after conversion. The homogeneous hydrogenation of lignin showed fragmentation into monomers, while the electrocatalytic hydrogenation showed production of polyaromatic hydrocarbons and substituted benzenes. In addition to the experiments, promising pathways for the conversion of lignin were assessed. Three conversion methods were compared based on their material and energy inputs and proposed improvements using better catalyst and process technology. A variety of areas were noted as needing further experimental and theoretical effort to increase the feasibility of lignin conversion to fuels.

  13. On the fourth order PI equation and coalescing phenomena of nonlinear turning points

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RIMS­1804 On the fourth order PI equation and coalescing phenomena of nonlinear turning points), 000--000 On the fourth order PI equation and coalescing phenomena of nonlinear turning points we present a conjecture for the fourth order PI equation with a large parameter to show its

  14. On the fourth order PI equation and coalescing phenomena of nonlinear turning points

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RIMS-1804 On the fourth order PI equation and coalescing phenomena of nonlinear turning points), 000­000 On the fourth order PI equation and coalescing phenomena of nonlinear turning points Dedicated a conjecture for the fourth order PI equation with a large parameter to show its importance in the exact WKB

  15. Film drainage and coalescence between deformable drops and bubbles Derek Y. C. Chan,*abc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Derek Y C

    Film drainage and coalescence between deformable drops and bubbles Derek Y. C. Chan,*abc Evert not present in the interaction between solid bodies. The drops can entrap a thin liquid film of the continuous phase that can lead to a stable film or coalescence. But before leading to either of these outcomes

  16. A coalescent model for the effect of advantageous mutations on the genealogy of a population

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Durrett, Richard

    A coalescent model for the effect of advantageous mutations on the genealogy of a population in this paper is to describe the coalescent processes that arise when we consider the genealogy of a population individuals at random from this population at time zero. To describe the genealogy of the sample, we

  17. Aalborg Universitet Hydrothermal Processing of Lignin for Bio-Crude Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosendahl, Lasse

    Aalborg Universitet Hydrothermal Processing of Lignin for Bio-Crude Production Grigoras, Ionela.aau.dk on: juli 04, 2015 #12;Hydrothermal Processing of Lignin for Bio-crude Production Ionela F. Grigoras) per day, and with an oil production capacity questioned constantly, together with the increasing CO2

  18. Sandia Energy - Lignin-Feasting Microbe Holds Promise for Biofuels

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust, High-Throughput Analysis ofSampleLignin-Feasting Microbe Holds Promise for Biofuels Home

  19. Lignin Based Carbon Materials for Energy Storage Applications (Book) |

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfate Reducing(Journalspectroscopy ofArticle) | SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect Book: Lignin

  20. A NEW PROCESS DEVELOPED FOR SEPARATION OF LIGNIN FROM AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE PRETREATMENT SOLUTIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sherman, S.; Gorensek, M.; Milliken, C.

    2010-12-14

    A method is described for separating lignin from liquid solutions resulting from the pretreatment of lignocellulosic materials such as switchgrass with ammonium hydroxide. The method involves a sequence of steps including acidification, evaporation, and precipitation or centrifugation that are performed under defined conditions, and results in a relatively pure, solid lignin product. The method is tested on ammonium hydroxide solutions containing lignin extracted from switchgrass. Experimental results show that the method is capable of recovering between 66-95% of dissolved lignin as a precipitated solid. Cost estimates of pilot-scale and industrial-scale expressions of the process indicate that breakeven lignin prices of $2.36/kg and $0.78/kg, respectively, may be obtainable with this recovery method.

  1. Aging through hierarchical coalescence in the East model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Faggionato; F. Martinelli; C. Roberto; C. Toninelli

    2010-12-22

    We rigorously analyze the low temperature non-equilibrium dynamics of the East model, a special example of a one dimensional oriented kinetically constrained particle model, when the initial distribution is different from the reversible one and for times much smaller than the global relaxation time. This setting has been intensively studied in the physics literature to analyze the slow dynamics which follows a sudden quench from the liquid to the glass phase. In the limit of zero temperature (i.e. a vanishing density of vacancies) and for initial distributions such that the vacancies form a renewal process we prove that the density of vacancies, the persistence function and the two-time autocorrelation function behave as staircase functions with several plateaux. Furthermore the two-time autocorrelation function displays an aging behavior. We also provide a sharp description of the statistics of the domain length as a function of time, a domain being the interval between two consecutive vacancies. When the initial renewal process has finite mean our results confirm (and generalize) previous findings of the physicists for the restricted case of a product Bernoulli measure. However we show that a different behavior appears when the initial domain distribution is in the attraction domain of a $\\alpha$-stable law. All the above results actually follow from a more general result which says that the low temperature dynamics of the East model is very well described by that of a certain hierarchical coalescence process, a probabilistic object which can be viewed as a hierarchical sequence of suitably linked coalescence processes and whose asymptotic behavior has been recently studied in [14].

  2. A Continuous-State Coalescent and the Impact of Weak Selection on the Structure of Gene Genealogies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adler, Fred

    A Continuous-State Coalescent and the Impact of Weak Selection on the Structure of Gene Genealogies for understanding the shape of gene genealogies and resulting patterns of genetic diversity. However, the coalescent words: coalescent, weak selection, gene genealogies, interference,multisite selection. Researcharticle

  3. Effect of ionic liquid treatment on the structures of lignins in solutions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheng, Gang [Joint Bioenergy Institute; Kent, Michael S [ORNL; He, Lilin [ORNL; Varanasi, Patanjali [Joint Bioenergy Institute; Dibble, Dean [Joint Bioenergy Institute; Melnichenko, Yuri B [ORNL; Simmons, Blake [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Singh, Seema [Joint Bioenergy Institute

    2012-01-01

    The solution structures of three types of isolated lignin - organosolv (OS), Kraft (K), and low sulfonate (LS) - before and after treatment with 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate were studied using small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) and dynamic light scattering (DLS) over a concentration range of 0.3-2.4 wt %. The results indicate that each of these lignins is comprised of aggregates of well-defined basal subunits, the shapes and sizes of which, in D{sub 2}O and DMSO-d{sub 6}, are revealed using these techniques. LS lignin contains a substantial amount of nanometer-scale individual subunits. In aqueous solution these subunits have a well-defined elongated shape described well by ellipsoidal and cylindrical models. At low concentration the subunits are highly expanded in alkaline solution, and the effect is screened with increasing concentration. OS lignin dissolved in DMSO was found to consist of a narrow distribution of aggregates with average radius 200 {+-} 30 nm. K lignin in DMSO consists of aggregates with a very broad size distribution. After ionic liquid (IL) treatment, LS lignin subunits in alkaline solution maintained the elongated shape but were reduced in size. IL treatment of OS and K lignins led to the release of nanometer-scale subunits with well-defined size and shape.

  4. Lignin-assisted coal depolymerization. [Final] technical report, September 1, 1991--August 31, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lalvani, S.B.; Muchmore, C.B.; Koropchak, J.A.; Kim, Jong Won

    1992-12-31

    Liquefaction of an Illinois bituminous and a caustic lignin was studied in an initial hydrogen pressure of 140 psig. Experiments were conducted in the temperature range of 325-375{degree}C in tetralin. The addition of lignin to coal was found to be synergistic in that it significantly improves the quality and yield of the liquid products obtained. Kinetic data for coal conversion enhancement due to lignin addition were obtained. A mathematical model describing the reaction chemistry, using lignin, has been proposed and developed. The analysis of the results indicates that the intermediates produced from lignin were responsible for enhancement in coal depolymerization rate, however, the intermediates are short-lived as compared to the time needed for a significant coal conversion yield. Coal depolymerization rate was found to be a function of time; compared to processing coal alone, it doubled upon reacting coal with lignin at 375{degree}C and after 67 minutes from the beginning of the experiment. Overall mass recoveries of 95--98% of the total mass charged to the reactor were obtained. A careful statistical analysis of the data shows that coal depolymerization yield is enhanced by 11.9% due to the lignin addition. The liquids obtained were examined for their elemental composition, and molecular weight determination by size exclusion chromatography. The stability of liquid products was characterized by determining their solubility in pentane and benzene, and by evaluating the molecular weight.

  5. Mechanistic Investigation of Acid-Catalyzed Cleavage of Aryl-Ether Linkages: Implications for Lignin Depolymerization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sturgeon, M. R.; Kim, S.; Chmely, S. C.; Foust, T. D.; Beckham, G. T.

    2013-01-01

    Carbon-oxygen bonds are the primary inter-monomer linkages lignin polymers in plant cell walls, and as such, catalyst development to cleave these linkages is of paramount importance to deconstruct biomass to its constituent monomers for the production of renewable fuels and chemicals. For many decades, acid catalysis has been used to depolymerize lignin. Lignin is a primary component of plant cell walls, which is connected primarily by aryl-ether linkages, and the mechanism of its deconstruction by acid is not well understood, likely due to its heterogeneous and complex nature compared to cellulose. For effective biomass conversion strategies, utilization of lignin is of significant relevance and as such understanding the mechanisms of catalytic lignin deconstruction to constituent monomers and oligomers is of keen interest. Here, we present a comprehensive experimental and theoretical study of the acid catalysis of a range of dimeric species exhibiting the b-O-4 linkage, the most common inter-monomer linkage in lignin. We demonstrate that the presence of a phenolic species dramatically increases the rate of cleavage in acid at 150 degrees C. Quantum mechanical calculations on dimers with the para-hydroxyl group demonstrate that this acid-catalyzed pathway differs from the nonphenolic dimmers. Importantly, this result implies that depolymerization of native lignin in the plant cell wall will proceed via an unzipping mechanism wherein b-O-4 linkages will be cleaved from the ends of the branched, polymer chains inwards toward the center of the polymer. To test this hypothesis further, we synthesized a homopolymer of b-O-4 with a phenolic hydroxyl group, and demonstrate that it is cleaved in acid from the end containing the phenolic hydroxyl group. This result suggests that genetic modifications to lignin biosynthesis pathways in plants that will enable lower severity processes to fractionate lignin for upgrading and for easier access to the carbohydrate fraction of the plant cell wall.

  6. Expression of a bacterial 3-dehydroshikimate dehydratase reduces lignin content and improves biomass saccharification efficiency

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Eudes, Aymerick; Sathitsuksanoh, Noppadon; Baidoo, Edward E. K.; George, Anthe; Liang, Yan; Yang, Fan; Singh, Seema; Keasling, Jay D.; Simmons, Blake A.; Loqué, Dominique

    2015-01-13

    Lignin confers recalcitrance to plant biomass used as feedstocks in agro-processing industries or as source of renewable sugars for the production of bioproducts. The metabolic steps for the synthesis of lignin building blocks belong to the shikimate and phenylpropanoid pathways. Genetic engineering efforts to reduce lignin content typically employ gene knockout or gene silencing techniques to constitutively repress one of these metabolic pathways. Recently, new strategies have emerged offering better spatiotemporal control of lignin deposition, including the expression of enzymes that interfere with the normal process for cell wall lignification. In this study, we report that expression of a 3-dehydroshikimatemore »dehydratase (QsuB from Corynebacterium glutamicum) reduces lignin deposition in Arabidopsis cell walls. QsuB was targeted to the plastids to convert 3-dehydroshikimate – an intermediate of the shikimate pathway – into protocatechuate. Compared to wild-type plants, lines expressing QsuB contain higher amounts of protocatechuate, p-coumarate, p-coumaraldehyde and p-coumaryl alcohol, and lower amounts of coniferaldehyde, coniferyl alcohol, sinapaldehyde and sinapyl alcohol. 2D-NMR spectroscopy and pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (pyro-GC/MS) reveal an increase of p-hydroxyphenyl units and a reduction of guaiacyl units in the lignin of QsuB lines. Size-exclusion chromatography indicates a lower degree of lignin polymerization in the transgenic lines. Therefore, our data show that the expression of QsuB primarily affects the lignin biosynthetic pathway. Finally, biomass from these lines exhibits more than a twofold improvement in saccharification efficiency. We conclude that the expression of QsuB in plants, in combination with specific promoters, is a promising gain-of-function strategy for spatiotemporal reduction of lignin in plant biomass.« less

  7. Controlling porosity in lignin-derived nanoporous carbon for supercapacitor applications

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Jeon, Ju-Won; Zhang, Libing; Lutkenhaus, Jodie L.; Laskar, Dhrubojyoti D.; Lemmon, John P.; Choi, Daiwon; Nandasiri, Manjula I.; Hashmi, Ali; Xu, Jie; Motkuri, Radha K.; et al

    2015-02-01

    Low-cost renewable lignin has been used as a precursor to produce porous carbons. However, to date, it has not been easy to obtain high surface area porous carbon without activation processes or templating agents. Here, we demonstrate that low molecular weight lignin yields highly porous carbon (1092 m² g?¹) with more graphitization through direct carbonization without additional activation processes or templating agents. We found that molecular weight and oxygen consumption during carbonization are critical factors to obtain high surface area, graphitized porous carbons. This highly porous carbon from low-cost renewable lignin sources is a good candidate for supercapacitor electrode materials.

  8. Universality in one-dimensional hierarchical coalescence processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alessandra Faggionato; Fabio Martinelli; Cyril Roberto; Cristina Toninelli

    2012-08-07

    Motivated by several models introduced in the physics literature to study the nonequilibrium coarsening dynamics of one-dimensional systems, we consider a large class of "hierarchical coalescence processes" (HCP). An HCP consists of an infinite sequence of coalescence processes ${\\xi^{(n)}(\\cdot)}_{n\\ge1}$: each process occurs in a different "epoch" (indexed by $n$) and evolves for an infinite time, while the evolution in subsequent epochs are linked in such a way that the initial distribution of $\\xi^{(n+1)}$ coincides with the final distribution of $\\xi^{(n)}$. Inside each epoch the process, described by a suitable simple point process representing the boundaries between adjacent intervals (domains), evolves as follows. Only intervals whose length belongs to a certain epoch-dependent finite range are active, that is, they can incorporate their left or right neighboring interval with quite general rates. Inactive intervals cannot incorporate their neighbors and can increase their length only if they are incorporated by active neighbors. The activity ranges are such that after a merging step the newly produced interval always becomes inactive for that epoch but active for some future epoch. Without making any mean-field assumption we show that: (i) if the initial distribution describes a renewal process, then such a property is preserved at all later times and all future epochs; (ii) the distribution of certain rescaled variables, for example, the domain length, has a well-defined and universal limiting behavior as $n\\to \\infty$ independent of the details of the process (merging rates, activity ranges$,...$). This last result explains the universality in the limiting behavior of several very different physical systems (e.g., the East model of glassy dynamics or the Paste-all model) which was observed in several simulations and analyzed in many physics papers. The main idea to obtain the asymptotic result is to first write down a recursive set of nonlinear identities for the Laplace transforms of the relevant quantities on different epochs and then to solve it by means of a transformation which in some sense linearizes the system.

  9. Use and value of reactive lignin. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frank, M.E.; Mednick, R.L.; Stern, K.M.

    1988-03-01

    New York State has ample reserves of wood that are not suitable for lumber nor paper making. The Energy Authority has several research projects to utilize wood for the production of fuels and energy intensive chemicals. The Energy Authority and Chem Systems set out to characterize the market potential for lignins derived as by-products of wood-to-ethanol processes. Based on these analyses and subsequent ranking of the potential applications, three end uses (Phenol-Formaldehyde resin adhesives, carbon black substitutes and diesel fuel cetane enhancers) were characterized as having a high potential of commercial success. Epoxies were characterized as having a low potential. The prospects of the remaining end uses (activated carbon replacements, polyurethanes, dietary adsorbents, phenol/benzene and asphalt extenders) were classified as intermediate, along with those of the Urea-Formaldehyde resin portion of the adhesive market.

  10. Electrostatic coalescence of used automotive crankcase oil as an alternative to other separation processes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dixon, John Leslie

    1998-01-01

    This thesis presents an initial investigation of using electrostatic coalescence as an alternative to conventional separation processes to purify used automotive crankcase oil. Specific emphasis of this study was the feasibility of this approach...

  11. Coalescence model for Theta_c pentaquark formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marek Karliner; Bryan R. Webber

    2005-01-14

    We present a model for the formation of the charmed pentaquark Theta_c in hard scattering processes such as deep inelastic scattering, e^+e^- annihilation, and high-energy p pbar collisions. The model assumes that the cross section for Theta_c formation is proportional to the rate of production of p D^{*-} (or pbar D^{*+}) pairs in close proximity both in momentum space and in coordinate space. The constant of proportionality is determined from the Theta_c cross section in deep inelastic scattering as reported by the H1 experiment. The HERWIG Monte Carlo is used to generate simulated DIS events and also to model the space-time structure of the final state. Requiring the proton and the D^* be within a 100 MeV mass window and separated by a spacelike distance of no more than 2 fm, we find that a large "coalescence enhancement factor" F_co \\sim 10 is required to account for the H1 signal. The same approach is then applied in order to estimate the number and characteristics of Theta_c events produced at LEP and the Tevatron.

  12. Mobility and coalescence of stacking fault tetrahedra in Cu

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Martínez, Enrique; Uberuaga, Blas P.

    2015-03-13

    Stacking fault tetrahedra (SFTs) are ubiquitous defects in face-centered cubic metals. They are produced during cold work plastic deformation, quenching experiments or under irradiation. From a dislocation point of view, the SFTs are comprised of a set of stair-rod dislocations at the (110) edges of a tetrahedron bounding triangular stacking faults. These defects are extremely stable, increasing their energetic stability as they grow in size. At the sizes visible within transmission electron microscope they appear nearly immobile. Contrary to common belief, we show in this report, using a combination of molecular dynamics and temperature accelerated dynamics, how small SFTs canmore »diffuse by temporarily disrupting their structure through activated thermal events. More over, we demonstrate that the diffusivity of defective SFTs is several orders of magnitude higher than perfect SFTs, and can be even higher than isolated vacancies. Finally, we show how SFTs can coalesce, forming a larger defect in what is a new mechanism for the growth of these omnipresent defects.« less

  13. Gravitational Waves from Coalescing Binary Black Holes: Theoretical and Experimental Challenges

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06

    A network of ground-based interferometric gravitational wave detectors (LIGO/VIRGO/GEO/...) is currently taking data near its planned sensitivity. Coalescing black hole binaries are among the most promising, and most exciting, gravitational wave sources for these detectors. The talk will review the theoretical and experimental challenges that must be met in order to successfully detect gravitational waves from coalescing black hole binaries, and to be able to reliably measure the physical parameters of the source (masses, spins, ...).

  14. Characterization of Trapped Lignin-Degrading Microbes in Tropical Forest Soil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeAngelis, Kristen

    2012-01-01

    Related Articles on the Web University of Tulsa,Tulsa, Oklahoma, United States of America, 6 Department ofBio-Sep® (University of Tulsa) beads to create the lignin-

  15. PATTERNS OF DIFFUSIBILITY OF LIGNIN AND CARBOHYDRATE DEGRADING SYSTEMS IN WOOD-ROTTING FUNGI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenberg, S. L.

    2011-01-01

    T.. B. F, Kelson and J ,H, Sloneker. 1975. Kirk, T.K.Kirk, T,K. Appl, Microbiol. 30:876-878, Ann, Rev.on lignin. Phytopathol. ~: Kirk. LK, and A, Kelman, Ref. 1.

  16. Energetics and phasing of nonprecessing spinning coalescing black hole binaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alessandro Nagar; Thibault Damour; Christian Reisswig; Denis Pollney

    2015-06-28

    We present an improved numerical relativity (NR) calibration of the new effective-one-body (EOB) model for coalescing non precessing spinning black hole binaries recently introduced by Damour and Nagar [Physical Review D 90, 044018 (2014)]. We do so by comparing the EOB predictions to both the phasing and the energetics provided by two independent sets of NR data covering mass ratios $1\\leq q \\leq 8$ and dimensionless spin range $-0.95\\leq \\chi\\leq +0.98$. One set of data is a subset of the Simulating eXtreme Spacetimes (SXS) catalog of public waveforms; the other set consists of new simulations obtained with the Llama code plus Cauchy Characteristic Evolution. We present the first systematic computation of the gauge-invariant relation between the binding energy and the total angular momentum, $E_{b}(j)$, for a large sample of, spin-aligned, SXS and Llama data. The EOB model presented here has only two calibration parameters, one entering the non spinning sector, as a 5PN effective correction to the interaction potential, and one in the spinning sector, as an effective next-to-next-to-next-to-leading order correction to the spin-orbit coupling. These parameters are determined by comparing the EOB phasing with the SXS phasing, the consistency of the energetics being checked afterwards. The quality of the analytical model for gravitational wave data analysis purposes is assessed by computing the EOB/NR faithfulness, that is found to range, over the NR data sample, between $99\\%$ and $99.99\\%$ with a median value $99.865\\%$.

  17. Visual Breakout

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Visual Breakout of the Cummulative Barrels of Oil Recovered by the Discoverer Enterprise, Q4000 and HP1. Updated through 12:00 AM on July 16, 2010.

  18. Preliminary Economics for the Production of Pyrolysis Oil from Lignin in a Cellulosic Ethanol Biorefinery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, Susanne B.; Zhu, Yunhua

    2009-04-01

    Cellulosic ethanol biorefinery economics can be potentially improved by converting by-product lignin into high valued products. Cellulosic biomass is composed mainly of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin. In a cellulosic ethanol biorefinery, cellulose and hemicellullose are converted to ethanol via fermentation. The raw lignin portion is the partially dewatered stream that is separated from the product ethanol and contains lignin, unconverted feed and other by-products. It can be burned as fuel for the plant or can be diverted into higher-value products. One such higher-valued product is pyrolysis oil, a fuel that can be further upgraded into motor gasoline fuels. While pyrolysis of pure lignin is not a good source of pyrolysis liquids, raw lignin containing unconverted feed and by-products may have potential as a feedstock. This report considers only the production of the pyrolysis oil and does not estimate the cost of upgrading that oil into synthetic crude oil or finished gasoline and diesel. A techno-economic analysis for the production of pyrolysis oil from raw lignin was conducted. comparing two cellulosic ethanol fermentation based biorefineries. The base case is the NREL 2002 cellulosic ethanol design report case where 2000 MTPD of corn stover is fermented to ethanol (NREL 2002). In the base case, lignin is separated from the ethanol product, dewatered, and burned to produce steam and power. The alternate case considered in this report dries the lignin, and then uses fast pyrolysis to generate a bio-oil product. Steam and power are generated in this alternate case by burning some of the corn stover feed, rather than fermenting it. This reduces the annual ethanol production rate from 69 to 54 million gallons/year. Assuming a pyrolysis oil value similar to Btu-adjusted residual oil, the estimated ethanol selling price ranges from $1.40 to $1.48 (2007 $) depending upon the yield of pyrolysis oil. This is considerably above the target minimum ethanol selling price of $1.33 for the 2012 goal case process as reported in the 2007 State of Technology Model (NREL 2008). Hence, pyrolysis oil does not appear to be an economically attractive product in this scenario. Further research regarding fast pyrolysis of raw lignin from a cellulosic plant as an end product is not recommended. Other processes, such as high-pressure liquefaction or wet gasification, and higher value products, such as gasoline and diesel from fast pyrolysis oil should be considered in future studies.

  19. Lignin-assisted coal depolymerization. [Quarterly] report, March 1, 1992--May 31, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lalvani, S.B.; Muchmore, C.B.; Koropchak, J.A.; Kim, Jong Won

    1992-10-01

    In the last report, it was shown that when lignin is added to coal, the rate of coal depolymerization is enhanced. The results,-reported were based upon a number of experiments conducted for the following three reasons: (i) to generate enough quantities of liquid products so that their stability in various environments can be ascertained, (ii) to closely characterize the reaction products, so that individual atomic mass balances can be performed, and (iii) to determine the reproducibility of the experiments conducted. The stability of liquid products was characterized by determining their solubility in pentane and benzene. Exposure of the coal- and coal+lignin-derived liquids to air at 40 and 80{degrees}C led to a decrease in the pentane-soluble and asphaltene fractions with a concomitant enhancement in the benzene insoluble fraction. However, relatively no degradation was observed for the liquid samples exposed to an inert (N{sub 2}) atmosphere. Preliminary data show that the coal+lignin-derived liquids are more stable than that obtained by coal liquefaction. In this quarterly report, individual atomic mass balances on various experiments conducted with coal, lignin and coal+lignin mixtures are also reported. Although the overall mass recoveries of 95--98% of the total mass charged to the reactor were obtained, the atomic mass balance data are somewhat difficult to interpret due to the possible incorporation of tetralin (solvent) in the reaction products.

  20. Lignin-assisted coal depolymerization. Technical report, September 1, 1991--November 30, 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lalvani, S.B.

    1991-12-31

    Previous research has shown that addition of lignin-derived liquids to coal stirred in tetralin under mild reaction conditions (375{degree}C and 300--500 psig) results in a marked enhancement in the rate of coal depolymerization. A mathematical model was developed to study the kinetics of coal depolymerization in the presence of liquid-derived liquids. In the present study, a reaction pathway was formulated to explain the enhancement in coal depolymerization due to lignin (solid) addition. The model postulated assumes that the products of lignin obtained during thermolysis interact with the reactive moieties present in coal while simultaneous depolymerization of coal occurs. A good fit between the experimental data and the kinetic model was found. The results show that in addition to the enhancement in the rate of coal depolymerization, lignin also reacts (and enhances the extent of depolymerization of coal) with those reaction sites in coal that are not susceptible to depolymerization when coal alone is reacted in tetralin under identical reaction conditions. Additional work is being carried out to determine a thorough materials balance on the lignin-assisted coal depolymerization process. A number of liquid samples have been obtained which are being studied for their stability in various environments. 5 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

  1. Manipulation of lignin composition in plants using a tissue-specific promoter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chapple, Clinton C. S.

    2003-08-26

    The present invention relates to methods and materials in the field of molecular biology, the manipulation of the phenylpropanoid pathway and the regulation of proteins synthesis through plant genetic engineering. More particularly, the invention relates to the introduction of a foreign nucleotide sequence into a plant genome, wherein the introduction of the nucleotide sequence effects an increase in the syringyl content of the plant's lignin. In one specific aspect, the invention relates to methods for modifying the plant lignin composition in a plant cell by the introduction there into of a foreign nucleotide sequence comprising at issue specific plant promoter sequence and a sequence encoding an active ferulate-5-hydroxylase (F5H) enzyme. Plant transformants harboring an inventive promoter-F5H construct demonstrate increased levels of syringyl monomer residues in their lignin, rendering the polymer more readily delignified and, thereby, rendering the plant more readily pulped or digested.

  2. Melting, freezing, and coalescence of gold nanoclusters Laurent J. Lewis, (a) Pablo Jensen, and JeanLouis Barrat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Laurent J.

    Melting, freezing, and coalescence of gold nanoclusters Laurent J. Lewis, (a) Pablo Jensen We present a detailed molecular­dynamics study of the melting, freezing, and coalescence of gold to address two issues. First, we investigate the influence of size on the melting and freezing of gold

  3. Top Value-Added Chemicals from Biomass - Volume II—Results of Screening for Potential Candidates from Biorefinery Lignin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holladay, John E.; White, James F.; Bozell, Joseph J.; Johnson, David

    2007-10-01

    This report evaluates lignin’s role as a renewable raw material resource. Opportunities that arise from utilizing lignin fit into one of three categories: 1)power, fuel and syngas (generally near-term opportunities) 2) macromolecules (generally medium-term opportunities) 3) aromatics and miscellaneous monomers (long-term opportunities). Biorefineries will receive and process massive amounts of lignin. For this reason, how lignin can be best used to support the economic health of the biorefinery must be defined. An approach that only considers process heat would be shortsighted. Higher value products present economic opportunities and the potential to significantly increase the amount of liquid transportation fuel available from biomass. In this analysis a list of potential uses of lignin was compiled and sorted into “product types” which are broad classifications (listed above as power—fuel—syngas; macromolecules; and aromatics). In the first “product type” (power—fuel—gasification) lignin is used purely as a carbon source and aggressive means are employed to break down its polymeric structure. In the second “product type” (macromolecules) the opposite extreme is considered and advantage of the macromolecular structure imparted by nature is retained in high-molecular weight applications. The third “product type” (aromatics) lies somewhere between the two extremes and employs technologies that would break up lignin’s macromolecular structure but maintain the aromatic nature of the building block molecules. The individual opportunities were evaluated based on their technical difficulty, market, market risk, building block utility, and whether a pure material or a mixture would be produced. Unlike the “Sugars Top 10” report it was difficult to identify the ten best opportunities, however, the potential opportunities fell nicely into near-, medium- and long-term opportunities. Furthermore, the near-, medium- and long-term opportunities roughly align with the three “product types.” From this analysis a list of technical barriers was developed which can be used to identify research needs. Lignin presents many challenges for use in the biorefinery. Chemically it differs from sugars having a complex aromatic substructure. Unlike cellulose, which has a relatively simple substructure of glucose subunits, lignin has a high degree of variability in its structure which differs both from biomass source and from the recovery process used. In addition to its variability lignin is also reactive and to some degree less stable thermally and oxidatively to other biomass streams. What this means is that integrating a lignin process stream within the biorefinery will require identifying the best method to separate lignin from biomass cost-effectively.

  4. Method of separating lignocellulosic material into lignin, cellulose and dissolved sugars

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Black, S.K.; Hames, B.R.; Myers, M.D.

    1998-03-24

    A method is described for separating lignocellulosic material into (a) lignin, (b) cellulose, and (c) hemicellulose and dissolved sugars. Wood or herbaceous biomass is digested at elevated temperature in a single-phase mixture of alcohol, water and a water-immiscible organic solvent (e.g., a ketone). After digestion, the amount of water or organic solvent is adjusted so that there is phase separation. The lignin is present in the organic solvent, the cellulose is present in a solid pulp phase, and the aqueous phase includes hemicellulose and any dissolved sugars.

  5. Method of separating lignocellulosic material into lignin, cellulose and dissolved sugars

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Black, Stuart K. (Denver, CO); Hames, Bonnie R. (Westminster, CO); Myers, Michele D. (Dacono, CO)

    1998-01-01

    A method for separating lignocellulosic material into (a) lignin, (b) cellulose, and (c) hemicellulose and dissolved sugars. Wood or herbaceous biomass is digested at elevated temperature in a single-phase mixture of alcohol, water and a water-immiscible organic solvent (e.g., a ketone). After digestion, the amount of water or organic solvent is adjusted so that there is phase separation. The lignin is present in the organic solvent, the cellulose is present in a solid pulp phase, and the aqueous phase includes hemicellulose and any dissolved sugars.

  6. Non-coalescence of oppositely charged drops W. D. Ristenpart1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    as storm cloud formation5 , commercial ink-jet printing6 , petroleum and vegetable oil dehydration7 in an applied electric field; but whereas the drops coalesce as expected at low field strengths the bouncing drops, andpropose that this temporary bridge is unstable with respect to capillary pressure when

  7. Production of Heavy Clusters with an Expanded Coalescence Model in CEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leslie M. Kerby; Stepan G. Mashnik

    2015-03-02

    The production of heavy clusters in nuclear reactions is important in a wide variety of applications: radiation shielding, space engineering and design, medical physics, accelerator design, and more. According to the Cascade Exciton Model (CEM), there are three ways high-energy heavy clusters can be produced. The first way is via coalescence of nucleons produced in the IntraNuclear Cascade (INC). The second way is via the preequilibrium model. The last way is via Fermi breakup. Previous work in CEM examines the impact of expansions of the preequilibrium model and Fermi breakup model on heavy cluster production. The present work studies the impact of expanding the coalescence model on heavy cluster spectra. CEM03.03, the default event generator in the Monte Carlo N-Particle transport code version 6 (MCNP6) for intermediate-energy nuclear reactions, is capable of producing light fragments up to He4 in its coalescence model. In the present study, we have expanded the coalescence model to be able to produce up to Be7. Preliminary results are promising.

  8. Results of Analysis of Macrobatch 3 Decontaminated Salt Solution Coalescer from May 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peters, T. B.; Fink, S. D.

    2012-12-18

    SRNL analyzed the Decontamination Salt Solution (DSS) coalescer from MCU by several analytical methods. This unit was removed from service in May 2010. The results of these analyses indicate that there is very little evidence of fouling via excessive solids, either from the leaching studies or X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) analysis.

  9. Emergence of unsteady dark solitary waves from coalescing spatially-periodic patterns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bridges, Tom

    Emergence of unsteady dark solitary waves from coalescing spatially-periodic patterns Thomas J of the defocussing nonlinear Schrödinger equation. In this paper the interest is in a mechanism for the emergence is on the periodic state at innity as the generator. It is shown that a natural mechanism for the emergence

  10. Herpesviral replication compartments move and coalesce at nuclear speckles to enhance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knipe, David M.

    Herpesviral replication compartments move and coalesce at nuclear speckles to enhance export at and reorganize nuclear speckles. Lastly, distinct effects of actin and myosin inhibitors on viral gene expression of transcriptionally active RCs with nuclear speckles to form structures that enhance export of viral late mRNAs. gene

  11. ISLAND COALESCENCE USING PARALLEL FIRST-ORDER SYSTEM LEAST-SQUARES ON INCOMPRESSIBLE RESISTIVE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCormick, Steve

    ISLAND COALESCENCE USING PARALLEL FIRST-ORDER SYSTEM LEAST-SQUARES ON INCOMPRESSIBLE RESISTIVE. This paper investigates the performance of a parallel Newton, first-order system least-squares (FOSLS) finite magnetohydrodynamics. In particular, an island coa- lescence test problem is studied that models magnetic reconnection

  12. Statistically Quantitative Volume Visualization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kniss, Joe Michael

    in the visualization pipeline involves some level of uncertainty, this valuable quantity should accessible as part for volume visualization ­ Risk transfer functions ­ Visual uncertainty ­ Interactive decision manipulation

  13. Lignin-Derived Carbon Fiber as a Co-Product of Refining Cellulosic Biomass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Langholtz, Matthew H; Downing, Mark; Graham, Robin Lambert; Baker, Fred S; Compere, A L; Griffith, William {Bill} L; Boeman, Raymond G; Keller, Martin

    2014-01-01

    Lignin by-products from biorefineries has the potential to provide a low-cost alternative to petroleum-based precursors to manufacture carbon fiber, which can be combined with a binding matrix to produce a structural material with much greater specific strength and specific stiffness than conventional materials such as steel and aluminum. The market for carbon fiber is universally projected to grow exponentially to fill the needs of clean energy technologies such as wind turbines and to improve the fuel economies in vehicles through lightweighting. In addition to cellulosic biofuel production, lignin-based carbon fiber production coupled with biorefineries may provide $2,400 to $3,600 added value dry Mg-1 of biomass for vehicle applications. Compared to producing ethanol alone, the addition of lignin-derived carbon fiber could increase biorefinery gross revenue by 30% to 300%. Using lignin-derived carbon fiber in 15 million vehicles per year in the US could reduce fossil fuel consumption by 2-5 billion liters year-1, reduce CO2 emissions by about 6.7 million Mg year-1, and realize fuel savings through vehicle lightweighting of $700 to $1,600 per Mg biomass processed. The value of fuel savings from vehicle lightweighting becomes economical at carbon fiber price of $6.60 kg-1 under current fuel prices, or $13.20 kg-1 under fuel prices of about $1.16 l-1.

  14. Batch Microreactor Studies of Lignin Depolymerization by Bases. 1. Alcohol Solvents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MILLER, JAMES E.; EVANS, LINDSEY; LITTLEWOLF, ALICIA; TRUDELL, DANIEL E.

    2002-05-01

    Biomass feedstocks contain roughly 10-30% lignin, a substance that can not be converted to fermentable sugars. Hence, most schemes for producing biofuels (ethanol) assume that the lignin coproduct will be utilized as boiler fuel to provide heat and power to the process. However, the chemical structure of lignin suggests that it will make an excellent high value fuel additive, if it can be broken down into smaller molecular units. From fiscal year 1997 through fiscal year 2001, Sandia National Laboratories was a participant in a cooperative effort with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and the University of Utah to develop and scale a base catalyzed depolymerization (BCD) process for lignin conversion. SNL's primary role in the effort was to utilize rapidly heated batch microreactors to perform kinetic studies, examine the reaction chemistry, and to develop alternate catalyst systems for the BCD process. This report summarizes the work performed at Sandia during FY97 and FY98 with alcohol based systems. More recent work with aqueous based systems will be summarized in a second report.

  15. Access of Cellulase to Cellulose and Lignin for Poplar Solids Produced by Leading Pretreatment Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Riverside, University of

    Access of Cellulase to Cellulose and Lignin for Poplar Solids Produced by Leading Pretreatment. From this, Langmuir adsorption parameters, cellulose accessibility to cellulase, and the effectiveness (rsolids ¼ 56 mg/g solid). Lime pretreated sol- ids also had the highest cellulose accessibility

  16. Investigation of Lignin Deposition on Cellulose During Hydrothermal Pretreatment, Its Effect on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Riverside, University of

    Investigation of Lignin Deposition on Cellulose During Hydrothermal Pretreatment, Its Effect on Cellulose Hydrolysis, and Underlying Mechanisms Hongjia Li,1,2,4 Yunqiao Pu,3,4 Rajeev Kumar,1,2,4 Arthur J to form droplets that deposit on the cellulose surface and retard enzymatic digestion of cellulose

  17. Visualizing data 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ilik, Violeta

    2013-01-01

    We used Viewshare to visualize three different sets of data. Frist one is a collection of budget reports published by the Texas A&M System. The file was crosswalked from MARCXML to MODS and uploaded to Viewshare as an XML MODS file. The second...

  18. Visualizing information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ernst, Damien

    GEURTS and Louis WEHENKEL University of Li` ege ­ Belgium I. Data mining in power systems II. Dynamic+ + LESCOPE'98 Halifax, June 1998 Visualizing Dynamic Power System Scenarios for Data Mining Pierre. Wehenkel ­ June 1998 2 + + I. Data mining in power systems Data mining ? ffl Aims at extracting useful (and

  19. VISUAL-SOLAR

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    003661IBMPC00 Visual-SOLAR: Modeling and Visualization of Solar Radiation Potential on Individual Building Rooftops   

  20. Visualizing Teleportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott M. Cohen

    2008-05-13

    A novel way of picturing the processing of quantum information is described, allowing a direct visualization of teleportation of quantum states and providing a simple and intuitive understanding of this fascinating phenomenon. The discussion is aimed at providing physicists a method of explaining teleportation to non-scientists. The basic ideas of quantum physics are first explained in lay terms, after which these ideas are used with a graphical description, out of which teleportation arises naturally.

  1. Short Gamma Ray Bursts as possible electromagnetic counterpart of coalescing binary systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Capozziello; M. De Laurentis; I. De Martino; M. Formisano

    2010-04-27

    Coalescing binary systems, consisting of two collapsed objects, are among the most promising sources of high frequency gravitational waves signals detectable, in principle, by ground-based interferometers. Binary systems of Neutron Star or Black Hole/Neutron Star mergers should also give rise to short Gamma Ray Bursts, a subclass of Gamma Ray Bursts. Short-hard-Gamma Ray Bursts might thus provide a powerful way to infer the merger rate of two-collapsed object binaries. Under the hypothesis that most short Gamma Ray Bursts originate from binaries of Neutron Star or Black Hole/Neutron Star mergers, we outline here the possibility to associate short Gamma Ray Bursts as electromagnetic counterpart of coalescing binary systems.

  2. Toward Early-Warning Detection of Gravitational Waves from Compact Binary Coalescence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kipp Cannon; Romain Cariou; Adrian Chapman; Mireia Crispin-Ortuzar; Nickolas Fotopoulos; Melissa Frei; Chad Hanna; Erin Kara; Drew Keppel; Laura Liao; Stephen Privitera; Antony Searle; Leo Singer; Alan Weinstein

    2014-05-07

    Rapid detection of compact binary coalescence (CBC) with a network of advanced gravitational-wave detectors will offer a unique opportunity for multi-messenger astronomy. Prompt detection alerts for the astronomical community might make it possible to observe the onset of electromagnetic emission from (CBC). We demonstrate a computationally practical filtering strategy that could produce early-warning triggers before gravitational radiation from the final merger has arrived at the detectors.

  3. Photochemical and microbial degradation of dissolved lignin phenols: Implications for the fate of terrigenous dissolved organic matter in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hernes, Peter J.

    Photochemical and microbial degradation of dissolved lignin phenols: Implications for the fate phenols. A 10-day incubation experiment with plume water indicated rates of microbial degradation the impact of various removal mechanisms (photooxidation, microbial degradation, and flocculation

  4. RESULTS FROM ANALYSIS OF THE FIRST AND SECOND STRIP EFFLUENT COALESCER ELEMENTS FROM RADIOACTIVE OPERATIONS OF THE MODULAR CAUSTIC-SIDE SOLVENT EXTRACTION UNIT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peters, T.; Fondeur, F.; Fink, S.

    2011-06-28

    The coalescer elements for the Strip Effluent (SE) acid within the Modular Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Unit (MCU) experienced elevated differential pressure drop during radioactive operations. Following the end of operations for the first Macrobatch campaign and soon after start of the second Macrobatch campaign, personnel removed the coalescer media and provided to Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) for diagnostic investigation of the causes of reduced flow. This report summarizes those studies. Two Strip Effluent (SE) coalescers were delivered to the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL). One was removed from the Modular Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Unit (MCU) between processing of Macrobatch 1 and 2 (coalescer 'Alpha'), and the second was removed from MCU after processing of {approx}24,000 gallons of salt solution (coalescer 'Beta'). Both coalescers underwent the same general strip acid flush program to reduce the dose and were delivered to SRNL for analysis of potential occluding solids. Analysis of Coalescer Alpha indicates the presence of aluminum hydroxide solids and aluminosilicate solids, while analysis of Coalescer Beta indicates the presence of aluminum hydroxide solids, but no aluminosilicates. Leaching studies on sections of both coalescers were performed. The results indicate that the coalescers had different amounts of solids present on them at the time of removal. Finally, samples of free liquids retrieved from both coalescers indicate no excessive amounts of CSSX solvent present. Given the strip acid flushing that occurred in the SE coalescers, the solids we detected on the coalescers are probably indicative of a larger quantity of these solids present before the strip acid flushing. Under this scenario, the excessive pressure drops are due to the solids and not from organic fouling.

  5. Computational Study of Bond Dissociation Enthalpies for Substituted $\\beta$-O-4 Lignin Model Compounds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Younker, Jarod M; Beste, Ariana; Buchanan III, A C

    2011-01-01

    The biopolymer lignin is a potential source of valuable chemicals. Phenethyl phenyl ether (PPE) is representative of the dominant $\\beta$-O-4 ether linkage. Density functional theory (DFT) is used to calculate the Boltzmann-weighted carbon-oxygen and carbon-carbon bond dissociation enthalpies (BDEs) of substituted PPE. These values are important in order to understand lignin decomposition. Exclusion of all conformers that have distributions of less than 5\\% at 298 K impacts the BDE by less than 1 kcal mol$^{-1}$. We find that aliphatic hydroxyl/methylhydroxyl substituents introduce only small changes to the BDEs (0-3 kcal mol$^{-1}$). Substitution on the phenyl ring at the $ortho$ position substantially lowers the C-O BDE, except in combination with the hydroxyl/methylhydroxyl substituents, where the effect of methoxy substitution is reduced by hydrogen bonding. Hydrogen bonding between the aliphatic substituents and the ether oxygen in the PPE derivatives has a significant influence on the BDE. CCSD(T)-calculated BDEs and hydrogen bond strengths of $ortho$-substituted anisoles when compared with M06-2X values confirm that the latter method is sufficient to describe the molecules studied and provide an important benchmark for lignin model compounds.

  6. Radical Coupling Reactions in Lignin Synthesis: A Density Functional Theory Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sangha, A. K.; Parks, J. M.; Standaert, R. F.; Ziebell, A.; Davis, M.; Smith, J. C.

    2012-04-26

    Lignin is a complex, heterogeneous polymer in plant cell walls that provides mechanical strength to the plant stem and confers resistance to degrading microbes, enzymes, and chemicals. Lignin synthesis initiates through oxidative radical-radical coupling of monolignols, the most common of which are p-coumaryl, coniferyl, and sinapyl alcohols. Here, we use density functional theory to characterize radical-radical coupling reactions involved in monolignol dimerization. We compute reaction enthalpies for the initial self- and cross-coupling reactions of these monolignol radicals to form dimeric intermediates via six major linkages observed in natural lignin. The 8-O-4, 8-8, and 8-5 coupling are computed to be the most favorable, whereas the 5-O-4, 5-5, and 8-1 linkages are less favorable. Overall, p-coumaryl self- and cross-coupling reactions are calculated to be the most favorable. For cross-coupling reactions, in which each radical can couple via either of the two sites involved in dimer formation, the more reactive of the two radicals is found to undergo coupling at its site with the highest spin density.

  7. General coalescence conditions for the exact wave functions. II. Higher-order relations for many-particle systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kurokawa, Yusaku I. E-mail: h.nakatsuji@qcri.or.jp; Nakashima, Hiroyuki; Nakatsuji, Hiroshi E-mail: h.nakatsuji@qcri.or.jp

    2014-06-07

    We derived the necessary conditions that must be satisfied by the non-relativistic time-independent exact wave functions for many-particle systems at a two-particle coalescence (or cusp) point. Some simple conditions are known to be Kato's cusp condition (CC) and Rassolov and Chipman's CC. In a previous study, we derived an infinite number of necessary conditions that two-particle wave functions must satisfy at a coalescence point. In the present study, we extend these conditions to many-particle systems. They are called general coalescence conditions (GCCs), and Kato's CC and Rassolov and Chipman's CC are included as special conditions. GCCs can be applied not only to Coulombic systems but also to any system in which the interaction between two particles is represented in a power series of inter-particle distances. We confirmed the correctness of our derivation of the GCCs by applying the exact wave function of a harmonium in electron-electron and electron-nucleus coalescence situations. In addition, we applied the free complement (FC) wave functions of a helium atom to the GCCs to examine the accuracy of the FC wave function in the context of a coalescence situation.

  8. Visual Perception Light and the Visual Apparatus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mignotte, Max

    #12;293 Vision and Visual Perception Light and the Visual Apparatus The Visible Spectrum The Eye. was in his car when it was hit by a small truck. In the emergency room, he was told that he had a concussion are providing a valuable model for understanding complex neural processing in general. Light and the Visual

  9. Lipid-Based Nanodiscs as Models for Studying Mesoscale Coalescence A Transport Limited Case

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hu, Andrew; Fan, Tai-Hsi; Katsaras, John; Xia, Yan; Li, Ming; Nieh, Mu-Ping

    2014-01-01

    Lipid-based nanodiscs (bicelles) are able to form in mixtures of long- and short-chain lipids. Initially, they are of uniform size but grow upon dilution. Previously, nanodisc growth kinetics have been studied using time-resolved small angle neutron scattering (SANS), a technique which is not well suited for probing their change in size immediately after dilution. To address this, we have used dynamic light scattering (DLS), a technique which permits the collection of useful data in a short span of time after dilution of the system. The DLS data indicate that the negatively charged lipids in nanodiscs play a significant role in disc stability and growth. Specifically, the charged lipids are most likely drawn out from the nanodiscs into solution, thereby reducing interparticle repulsion and enabling the discs to grow. We describe a population balance model, which takes into account Coulombic interactions and adequately predicts the initial growth of nanodiscs with a single parameter i.e., surface potential. The results presented here strongly support the notion that the disc coalescence rate strongly depends on nanoparticle charge density. The present system containing low-polydispersity lipid nanodiscs serves as a good model for understanding how charged discoidal micelles coalesce.

  10. Coalescence of Drops Near A Hydrophilic Boundary Leads to Long Range Directed Motion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manoj K. Chaudhury; Aditi Chakrabarti; Tapasya Tibrewal

    2014-10-08

    A new mechanism for the passive removal of drop on a horizontal surface is described that does not require pre-fabrication of a surface energy gradient. The method relies upon the preparation of alternate hydrophilic/hydrophobic stripes on a surface. When one side of this surface is exposed to steam, with its other surface convectively cooled with cold water, steam condenses as a continuous film on the hydrophilic stripes but as droplets on the hydrophobic stripes. Coalescence leads to a random motion of the center of mass of the fused drops on the surface, which are readily removed as they reach near the boundary of the hydrophobic and hydrophilic zones thus resulting in a net diffusive flux of the coalesced drops from the hydrophobic to the hydrophilic stripes of the surface. Although an in-situ produced thermal gradient due to differential heat transfer coefficients of the hydrophilic and hydrophobic stripes could provide additional driving force for such a motion, it is, however, not a necessary condition for motion to occur. This method of creating directed motion of drops does not require a pre-existing wettability gradient and may have useful applications in thermal management devices.

  11. Lignin biosynthesis perturbations affect secondary cell wall composition and saccharification yield in Arabidopsis thaliana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Acker, Rebecca; Vanholme, Ruben; Storme, Véronique; Mortimer, Jennifer C; Dupree, Paul; Boerjan, Wout

    2013-04-26

    and composition? To investigate whether perturbations in the lignin bio- synthetic pathway also affected the abundance of the other cell wall polymers, we measured the cellulose con- tent with the spectrophotometric phenol-sulfuric acid assay (adapted from [45... ://www.biotechnologyforbiofuels.com/content/6/1/46A C E B D F Figure 2 Cell wall degradation after saccharification. Stem material after 48 h of saccharification (including acid pretreatment). (A) Wild-type. The structure of stem segments of the mutants c4h-2 (B), ccr1-3 (C), and ccr1-6 (D...

  12. Restricting lignin and enhancing sugar deposition in secondary cell walls enhances monomeric sugar release after low temperature ionic liquid pretreatment

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Scullin, Chessa; Cruz, Alejandro G.; Chuang, Yi -De; Simmons, Blake A.; Loque, Dominique; Singh, Seema

    2015-07-04

    Lignocellulosic biomass has the potential to be a major source of renewable sugar for biofuel production. Before enzymatic hydrolysis, biomass must first undergo a pretreatment step in order to be more susceptible to saccharification and generate high yields of fermentable sugars. Lignin, a complex, interlinked, phenolic polymer, associates with secondary cell wall polysaccharides, rendering them less accessible to enzymatic hydrolysis. Herein, we describe the analysis of engineered Arabidopsis lines where lignin biosynthesis was repressed in fiber tissues but retained in the vessels, and polysaccharide deposition was enhanced in fiber cells with little to no apparent negative impact on growth phenotype.

  13. Integration of air separation membrane and coalescing filter for use on an inlet air system of an engine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Moncelle, Michael E. (Bloomington, IL)

    2003-01-01

    An intake air separation system suitable for combustion air of an internal combustion engine. An air separation device of the system includes a plurality of fibers, each fiber having a tube with a permeation barrier layer on the outer surface thereof and a coalescing layer on the inner surface thereof, to restrict fluid droplets from contacting the permeation barrier layer.

  14. Lipophilic Force Driven Dynamics in Langmuir monolayers: In-plane Coalescence and Out-of-plane Diffusion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uttam Kumar Basak; Alokmay Datta

    2014-10-21

    While monolayer area fraction versus time ($A_{n}-t$) curves obtained from surface pressure-area ($\\pi-A$) isotherms for desorption-dominated (DD) processes in Langmuir monolayers of fatty acids represent continuous loss, those from Brewster Angle Microscopy (BAM) also show a 2D coalescence. For nucleation-dominated (ND) processes both techniques suggest competing processes, with BAM showing 2D coalescence alongside multilayer formation. $\\pi$ enhances both DD and ND with a lower cut-off for ND, while temperature has a lower cut-off for DD but negligible effect on ND. Hydrocarbon chain length has the strongest effect, causing a cross-over from DD to ND dynamics. Imaging Ellipsometry (IE) of horizontally transferred films onto Si(100) shows Stranski-Krastanov (SK) like growth for ND process in arachidic acid monolayer resulting in succesive stages of monolayer, trilayer, multilayer islands, ridges from lateral island-coalescence and shallow wavelike structures from ridge-coalescence on the film surface. These studies show that lipophilic attraction between hydrocarbon chains is the driving force at all stages of long term monolayer dynamics.

  15. Dynamics of Coalescence of Plugs with a Hydrophilic Wetting Layer Induced by Flow in a Microfluidic Chemistrode

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ismagilov, Rustem F.

    Dynamics of Coalescence of Plugs with a Hydrophilic Wetting Layer Induced by Flow in a Microfluidic.; Ismagilov, R. F. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2008, 105, 16843­16848) microfluidic analogue of an electrode-response processes in chemistry and biology. The chemistrode consists of open-ended V-shaped microfluidic channels

  16. On the electron dynamics during island coalescence in asymmetric magnetic reconnection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cazzola, Emanuele; Markidis, Stefano; Goldman, Martin V; Newman, David L; Lapenta, Giovanni

    2015-01-01

    We present an analysis of the electron dynamics during rapid island merging in asymmetric magnetic reconnection. We consider a doubly periodic system with two asymmetric transitions. The upper layer is an asymmetric Harris sheet initially perturbed to promote a single reconnection site. The lower layer is a tangential discontinuity that promotes the formation of many X-points, separated by rapidly merging islands. Across both layers the magnetic field and the density have a strong jump, but the pressure is held constant. Our analysis focuses on the consequences of electron energization during island coalescence. We focus first on the parallel and perpendicular components of the electron temperature to establish the presence of possible anisotropies and non-gyrotropies. Thanks to the direct comparison between the two different layers simulated, we can distinguish three main types of behavior characteristic of three different regions of interest. The first type represents the regions where traditional asymmetri...

  17. Research Article Visual Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grill-Spector, Kalanit

    ) or subordinate (e.g., Volkswagen Beetle) level. How- ever, this is apparently not true for visually atypical

  18. ESnet Visualization Widgets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gopal Vaswani, Jon Dugan

    2012-07-01

    The ESnet Visualization widgets are various data visualization widgets for use in web browsers to aid in the visualization of computer networks. In particular the widgets are targetted at displaying timeseries and topology data. They were developed for use in the MyESnet portal but are general enough to be used other places. The widgets are built using the d3.js library.

  19. VISUAL ASSISTANCE TOOLS FOR INTERACTIVE VISUALIZATION OF REMOTE SENSING DATA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanz, Volker

    VISUAL ASSISTANCE TOOLS FOR INTERACTIVE VISUALIZATION OF REMOTE SENSING DATA Martin Lambers to interactive visualization of remote sensing data. Index Terms-- Visualization 1. INTRODUCTION Interactive visualization of remote sensing data gives the user much control over the visualization result. In the ideal

  20. Conceptual design assessment for the co-firing of bio-refinery supplied lignin project. Quarterly report, June 23--July 1, 2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berglund, T.; Ranney, J.T.; Babb, C.L.

    2000-07-27

    The Conceptual Design Assessment for the Co-Firing of Bio-Refinery Supplied Lignin Project was successfully kicked off on July 23, 2000 during a meeting at the TVA-PPI facility in Muscle Shoals, AL. An initial timeline for the study was distributed, issues of concern were identified and a priority actions list was developed. Next steps include meeting with NETL to discuss de-watering and lignin fuel testing, the development of the mass balance model and ethanol facility design criteria, providing TVA-Colbert with preliminary lignin fuel analysis and the procurement of representative feed materials for the pilot and bench scale testing of the hydrolysis process.

  1. Characterization of solids deposited on the modular caustic-side solvent extraction unit (MCU) coalescer media removed in May and October 2014

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fondeur, F. F.

    2015-10-01

    During routine maintenance, the coalescers utilized in the Modular Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Unit (MCU) processing of Salt Batch 6 and a portion of Salt Batch 7 were sampled and submitted to the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) for characterization, for the purpose of identifying solid phase constituents that may be accumulating in these coalescers. Specifically, two samples were received and characterized: A decontaminated salt solution (DSS) coalescer sample and a strip effluent (SE) coalescer sample. Aliquots of the samples were analyzed by XRD, Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) Spectroscopy, SEM, and EDS. Other aliquots of the samples were leached in acid solution, and the leachates were analyzed by ICP-AES. In addition, modeling was performed to provide a basis for comparison of the analytical results.

  2. Delayed outflows from black hole accretion tori following neutron star binary coalescence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernández, Rodrigo

    2013-01-01

    Expulsion of neutron-rich matter following the merger of neutron star (NS) binaries is crucial to the radioactively-powered electromagnetic counterparts of these events and to their relevance as sources of r-process nucleosynthesis. Numerical simulations of NS-NS coalescence find, however, a wide range in the quantity of prompt dynamically-ejected mass. Here we explore the long-term (viscous) evolution of remnant black hole accretion disks formed in such mergers by means of two-dimensional, time-dependent hydrodynamical simulations. The evolution of the electron fraction due to charged-current weak interactions is included, and neutrino self-irradiation is modeled as a lightbulb that accounts for the disk geometry and moderate optical depth effects. Over several viscous times (~1s), a fraction ~10% of the initial disk mass is ejected as a moderately neutron-rich wind (Y_e ~ 0.2) powered by viscous heating and nuclear recombination, with neutrino self-irradiation playing a sub-dominant role. Although the prope...

  3. An improved pipeline to search for gravitational waves from compact binary coalescence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Usman, Samantha A; Nitz, Alexander H; Harry, Ian W; Brown, Duncan A; Capano, Collin D; Dent, Thomas; Fairhurst, Stephen; Pfeiffer, Harald P; Biwer, Christopher M; Canton, Tito Dal; Keppel, Drew; Saulson, Peter R; West, Matthew; Willis, Joshua L

    2015-01-01

    The second generation of ground-based gravitational-wave detectors will begin taking data in September 2015. Sensitive and computationally-efficient data analysis methods will be required to maximize what we learn from their observations. We describe improvements made to the offline analysis pipeline searching for gravitational waves from stellar-mass compact binary coalescences, and assess how these improvements affect search sensitivity. Starting with the two-stage ihope pipeline used in S5, S6 and VSR1-3 and using two weeks of S6/VSR3 data as test periods, we first demonstrate a pipeline with a simpler workflow. This single-stage pipeline performs matched filtering and coincidence testing only once. This simplification allows us to reach much lower false-alarm rates for loud candidate events. We then describe an optimized chi-squared test which minimizes computational cost. Next, we compare methods of generating template banks, demonstrating that a fixed bank may be used for extended stretches of time. Fix...

  4. An improved pipeline to search for gravitational waves from compact binary coalescence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samantha A. Usman; Marcel S. Kehl; Alexander H. Nitz; Ian W. Harry; Duncan A. Brown; Collin D. Capano; Thomas Dent; Stephen Fairhurst; Harald P. Pfeiffer; Christopher M. Biwer; Tito Dal Canton; Drew Keppel; Peter R. Saulson; Matthew West; Joshua L. Willis

    2015-08-10

    The second generation of ground-based gravitational-wave detectors will begin taking data in September 2015. Sensitive and computationally-efficient data analysis methods will be required to maximize what we learn from their observations. We describe improvements made to the offline analysis pipeline searching for gravitational waves from stellar-mass compact binary coalescences, and assess how these improvements affect search sensitivity. Starting with the two-stage ihope pipeline used in S5, S6 and VSR1-3 and using two weeks of S6/VSR3 data as test periods, we first demonstrate a pipeline with a simpler workflow. This single-stage pipeline performs matched filtering and coincidence testing only once. This simplification allows us to reach much lower false-alarm rates for loud candidate events. We then describe an optimized chi-squared test which minimizes computational cost. Next, we compare methods of generating template banks, demonstrating that a fixed bank may be used for extended stretches of time. Fixing the bank reduces the cost and complexity, compared to the previous method of regenerating a template bank every 2048 s of analyzed data. Creating a fixed bank shared by all detectors also allows us to apply a more stringent coincidence test, whose performance we quantify. With these improvements, we find a 10% increase in sensitive volume with a negligible change in computational cost.

  5. Sensitivity Comparison of Searches for Binary Black Hole Coalescences with Ground-based Gravitational-Wave Detectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Satya Mohapatra; Laura Cadonati; Sarah Caudill; James Clark; Chad Hanna; Sergey Klimenko; Chris Pankow; Ruslan Vaulin; Gabriele Vedovato; Salvatore Vitale

    2014-05-26

    Searches for gravitational-wave transients from binary black hole coalescences typically rely on one of two approaches: matched filtering with templates and morphology-independent excess power searches. Multiple algorithmic implementations in the analysis of data from the first generation of ground-based gravitational wave interferometers have used different strategies for the suppression of non-Gaussian noise transients, and targeted different regions of the binary black hole parameter space. In this paper we compare the sensitivity of three such algorithms: matched filtering with full coalescence templates, matched filtering with ringdown templates and a morphology-independent excess power search. The comparison is performed at a fixed false alarm rate and relies on Monte-carlo simulations of binary black hole coalescences for spinning, non-precessing systems with total mass 25-350 solar mass, which covers the parameter space of stellar mass and intermediate mass black hole binaries. We find that in the mass range of 25 -100 solar mass the sensitive distance of the search, marginalized over source parameters, is best with matched filtering to full waveform templates, to within 10 percent at a false alarm rate of 3 events per year. In the mass range of 100-350 solar mass, the same comparison favors the morphology-independent excess power search to within 20 percent. The dependence on mass and spin is also explored.

  6. Visual Resource Report

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Assessment Visual Resource Report in Support of the I-5 Corridor Reinforcement Project Environmental Impact Statement Prepared for: Bonneville Power Administration P.O. Box 3621...

  7. Video-Visuals

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Multimedia resources at the United States Department of Energy help to message geothermal development visually through video, photographs, renderings of the subsurface, and resource maps. VIDEO links

  8. Computational Analysis of the Pyrolysis of ..beta..-O4 Lignin Model Compounds: Concerted vs. Homolytic Fragmentation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clark, J. M.; Robichaud, D. J.; Nimlos, M. R.

    2012-01-01

    The thermochemical conversion of biomass to liquid transportation fuels is a very attractive technology for expanding the utilization of carbon neutral processes and reducing dependency on fossil fuel resources. As with all such emerging technologies, biomass conversion through gasification or pyrolysis has a number of obstacles that need to be overcome to make these processes cost competitive with the refining of fossil fuels. Our current efforts have focused on the investigation of the thermochemistry of the linkages between lignin units using ab initio calculations on dimeric lignin model compounds. All calculations were carried out using M062X density functional theory at the 6-311++G(d,p) basis set. The M062X method has been shown to be consistent with the CBS-QB3 method while being significantly less computationally expensive. To date we have only completed the study on the b-O4 compounds. The theoretical calculations performed in the study indicate that concerted elimination pathways dominate over bond homolysis reactions under typical pyrolysis conditions. However, this does not mean that concerted elimination will be the dominant loss process for lignin. Bimolecular radical chemistry could very well dwarf the unimolecular pathways investigated in this study. These concerted pathways tend to form stable, reasonably non-reactive products that would be more suited producing a fungible bio-oil for the production of liquid transportation fuels.

  9. A novel scheme for rapid parallel parameter estimation of gravitational waves from compact binary coalescences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Pankow; P. Brady; E. Ochsner; R. O'Shaughnessy

    2015-02-15

    We introduce a highly-parallelizable architecture for estimating parameters of compact binary coalescence using gravitational-wave data and waveform models. Using a spherical harmonic mode decomposition, the waveform is expressed as a sum over modes that depend on the intrinsic parameters (e.g. masses) with coefficients that depend on the observer dependent extrinsic parameters (e.g. distance, sky position). The data is then prefiltered against those modes, at fixed intrinsic parameters, enabling efficiently evaluation of the likelihood for generic source positions and orientations, independent of waveform length or generation time. We efficiently parallelize our intrinsic space calculation by integrating over all extrinsic parameters using a Monte Carlo integration strategy. Since the waveform generation and prefiltering happens only once, the cost of integration dominates the procedure. Also, we operate hierarchically, using information from existing gravitational-wave searches to identify the regions of parameter space to emphasize in our sampling. As proof of concept and verification of the result, we have implemented this algorithm using standard time-domain waveforms, processing each event in less than one hour on recent computing hardware. For most events we evaluate the marginalized likelihood (evidence) with statistical errors of less than about 5%, and even smaller in many cases. With a bounded runtime independent of the waveform model starting frequency, a nearly-unchanged strategy could estimate NS-NS parameters in the 2018 advanced LIGO era. Our algorithm is usable with any noise curve and existing time-domain model at any mass, including some waveforms which are computationally costly to evolve.

  10. Multivariate Classification with Random Forests for Gravitational Wave Searches of Black Hole Binary Coalescence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul T. Baker; Sarah Caudill; Kari A. Hodge; Dipongkar Talukder; Collin Capano; Neil J. Cornish

    2014-12-19

    Searches for gravitational waves produced by coalescing black hole binaries with total masses $\\gtrsim25\\,$M$_\\odot$ use matched filtering with templates of short duration. Non-Gaussian noise bursts in gravitational wave detector data can mimic short signals and limit the sensitivity of these searches. Previous searches have relied on empirically designed statistics incorporating signal-to-noise ratio and signal-based vetoes to separate gravitational wave candidates from noise candidates. We report on sensitivity improvements achieved using a multivariate candidate ranking statistic derived from a supervised machine learning algorithm. We apply the random forest of bagged decision trees technique to two separate searches in the high mass $\\left( \\gtrsim25\\,\\mathrm{M}_\\odot \\right)$ parameter space. For a search which is sensitive to gravitational waves from the inspiral, merger, and ringdown (IMR) of binary black holes with total mass between $25\\,$M$_\\odot$ and $100\\,$M$_\\odot$, we find sensitive volume improvements as high as $70_{\\pm 13}-109_{\\pm 11}$\\% when compared to the previously used ranking statistic. For a ringdown-only search which is sensitive to gravitational waves from the resultant perturbed intermediate mass black hole with mass roughly between $10\\,$M$_\\odot$ and $600\\,$M$_\\odot$, we find sensitive volume improvements as high as $61_{\\pm 4}-241_{\\pm 12}$\\% when compared to the previously used ranking statistic. We also report how sensitivity improvements can differ depending on mass regime, mass ratio, and available data quality information. Finally, we describe the techniques used to tune and train the random forest classifier that can be generalized to its use in other searches for gravitational waves.

  11. Constraining the neutron star equation of state with gravitational wave signals from coalescing binary neutron stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michalis Agathos; Jeroen Meidam; Walter Del Pozzo; Tjonnie G. F. Li; Marco Tompitak; John Veitch; Salvatore Vitale; Chris Van Den Broeck

    2015-07-12

    Recently exploratory studies were performed on the possibility of constraining the neutron star equation of state (EOS) using signals from coalescing binary neutron stars, or neutron star-black hole systems, as they will be seen in upcoming advanced gravitational wave detectors such as Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo. In particular, it was estimated to what extent the combined information from multiple detections would enable one to distinguish between different equations of state through hypothesis ranking or parameter estimation. Under the assumption of zero neutron star spins both in signals and in template waveforms and considering tidal effects to 1 post-Newtonian (1PN) order, it was found that O(20) sources would suffice to distinguish between a hard, moderate, and soft equation of state. Here we revisit these results, this time including neutron star tidal effects to the highest order currently known, termination of gravitational waveforms at the contact frequency, neutron star spins, and the resulting quadrupole-monopole interaction. We also take the masses of neutron stars in simulated sources to be distributed according to a relatively strongly peaked Gaussian, as hinted at by observations, but without assuming that the data analyst will necessarily have accurate knowledge of this distribution for use as a mass prior. We find that especially the effect of the latter is dramatic, necessitating many more detections to distinguish between different EOS and causing systematic biases in parameter estimation, on top of biases due to imperfect understanding of the signal model pointed out in earlier work. This would get mitigated if reliable prior information about the mass distribution could be folded into the analyses.

  12. Studies on Supercapacitor Electrode Material from Activated Lignin-Derived Mesoporous Carbon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saha, Dipendu; Li, Yunchao; Bi, Zhonghe; Chen, Jihua; Keum, Jong Kahk; Hensley, Dale K; Grappe, Hippolyte A.; Meyer III, Harry M; Dai, Sheng; Paranthaman, Mariappan Parans; Naskar, Amit K

    2014-01-01

    We synthesized mesoporous carbon from pre-cross-linked lignin gel impregnated with a surfactant as the pore-forming agent, and then activated the carbon through physical and chemical methods to obtain activated mesoporous carbon. The activated mesoporous carbons exhibited 1.5- to 6-fold increases in porosity with a maximum BET specific surface area of 1148 m2/g and a pore volume of 1.0 cm3/g. Slow physical activation helped retain dominant mesoporosity; however, aggressive chemical activation caused some loss of the mesopore volume fraction. Plots of cyclic voltammetric data with the capacitor electrode made from these carbons showed an almost rectangular curve depicting the behavior of ideal double-layer capacitance. Although the pristine mesoporous carbon exhibited the same range of surface-area-based capacitance as that of other known carbon-based supercapacitors, activation decreased the surface-area-based specific capacitance and increased the gravimetric-specific capacitance of the mesoporous carbons. Surface activation lowered bulk density and electrical conductivity. Warburg impedance as a vertical tail in the lower frequency domain of Nyquist plots supported good supercapacitor behavior for the activated mesoporous carbons. Our work demonstrated that biomass-derived mesoporous carbon materials continue to show potential for use in specific electrochemical applications.

  13. Visualization of electronic density

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Grosso, Bastien; Cooper, Valentino R.; Pine, Polina; Hashibon, Adham; Yaish, Yuval; Adler, Joan

    2015-04-22

    An atom’s volume depends on its electronic density. Although this density can only be evaluated exactly for hydrogen-like atoms, there are many excellent numerical algorithms and packages to calculate it for other materials. 3D visualization of charge density is challenging, especially when several molecular/atomic levels are intertwined in space. We explore several approaches to 3D charge density visualization, including the extension of an anaglyphic stereo visualization application based on the AViz package to larger structures such as nanotubes. We will describe motivations and potential applications of these tools for answering interesting questions about nanotube properties.

  14. Visualizing conceptual information 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brunner, Matthew Conrad

    1993-01-01

    Foos-Grabers book, DEATHING: An Alternative for the Final Moments of Life. The visualization is both aesthetic in its expression and clearly communicative of the original ideas. Included is a discussion which centers on techniques and aesthetic...

  15. Computational visual reality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hirsch, Matthew Waggener

    2014-01-01

    It is not so far-fetched to envision a future student working through a difficult physics problem by using their hands to manipulate a 3D visualization that floats above the desk. A doctor preparing for heart surgery will ...

  16. Matching Law Visualization Tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Derek D.

    2015-05-15

    , the matching law remains an elusive principle to students of behavior analysis lacking requisite training in quantitative analyses. This simulation tool is intended to visually describe how manipulations of the parameters of the quantitative models modulate...

  17. Visualizing historic buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Kyu Yol

    1997-01-01

    and horizontal curved surfaces. Engineers and architects can also use animation software to visualize their products and architectural designs for presentations, or to simulate reality convincing in the animation of yet-to-be-constructed buildings. "Once... visualization tool. SoftImage's broad range of powerful and sophisticated animation tools allows the production of complex 3D spaces and animations of outstanding quality both quickly and easily. I intend to investigate selected objects with these two...

  18. Advanced Recombinant Manganese Peroxidase for Biosynthesis of Lignin Bioproducts, Phase I Final Report, STTR Grant #: DE-SC0007503.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beatty, Christopher; Kitner, Joshua; Lajoie, Curtis; McClain, Sean; Potochnik, Steve

    2012-12-13

    The core purpose of this Phase I STTR was to evaluate the feasibility of a new method of producing a recombinant version of manganese peroxidase (MnP) enzyme. MnP is a potentially valuable enzyme for producing high value lignin products and also for industrial de-coloring operations such as biobleaching of pulp and color removal from textile dye effluents. This lignin-modifying enzyme is produced in small amounts by the native host, a white rot fungus. Previous work by Oregon State University developed a secreted recombinant version of the enzyme in the yeast Pichia pastoris. Unfortunately, the expression is barely moderate and the enzyme is heavily glycosylated, which inhibits purification. In this work, the gene for the enzyme is given a tag which targets production of the enzyme to the peroxisome. This is a promising approach since this location is also where heme and hydrogen peroxide are sequestered, which are both necessary cofactors for MnP. More than ten recombinant strains were constructed, verified, and expressed in the Pichia system. Constitutive (GAP) and methanol-induced promoters (AOX) were tried for peroxisomal targeted, cytosolic, and secreted versions of MnP. Only the secreted strains showed activity. The amount of expression was not significantly changed. The degree of glycosylation was lessened using the AOX (methanol) promotoer, but the resulting enzyme was still not able to be purified using immobilized metal affinity chromatography. Additional work beyond the scope of the defined Phase I project was undertaken to construct, verify, and express Pichia strains that mutated the MnP glycosylation sites to inhibit this process. These strains did not show significant activity. The cause is not known, but it is possible that these sites are important to the structure of the enzyme. Also beyond the scope proposed for our Phase I STTR, the team collaborated with AbSci, a startup with a new E. coli based expression system focused on the production of antibodies and enzymes containing disulfide bonds and requiring folding/post-translational modification. With only limited time remaining in the Phase I schedule, a single construct was made to produce MnP with this system. The enzyme was produced in the soluble fraction of the cell lysate, but no activity was measured. MnP from the existing recombinant source was used to act on lignin. The lignin was from a Kraft process and had a molecular weight of about 10,000 Da. Using 1000 Da dialysis membranes and UV-visible spectroscopy, no modification of either lignin was evident in the dialysate or the retentate. Assays using 2,6 dimethoxy phenol (DMP) as a substrate showed consistent activity throughout the project. In summary, these results fell far short of our expectations. A Phase II proposal was not submitted. Possible reasons for the failure of peroxisomal targeting include destruction by native hydrogen peroxide, native proteases, or unforeseen causes. The AbSci system was only lighted tested and further work may yield a strain with active enzyme. The lack of evidence for lignin modification may be due to the techniques employed. NMR or GC-MS studies may reveal evidence of modification.

  19. THE WEATHER VISUALIZER, JAVATM , HABANEROTM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilhelmson, Robert

    13.19 THE WEATHER VISUALIZER, JAVATM , HABANEROTM , AND THE FUTURE Joel Plutchak* , Robert B Urbana-Champaign has developed a web-based visualization tool known as The Weather Visualizer (DAS, 1997 and images.__ Since its debut in 1995, the goals of the various versions of the Weather Visualizer have

  20. Improving the sensitivity of a search for coalescing binary black holes with non-precessing spins in gravitational wave data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephen Privitera; Satyanarayan R. P. Mohapatra; Parameswaran Ajith; Kipp Cannon; Nickolas Fotopoulos; Melissa A. Frei; Chad Hanna; Alan J. Weinstein; John T. Whelan

    2013-10-21

    We demonstrate the implementation of a sensitive search pipeline for gravitational waves from coalescing binary black holes whose components have spins aligned with the orbital angular momentum. We study the pipeline recovery of simulated gravitational wave signals from aligned-spin binary black holes added to real detector noise, comparing the pipeline performance with aligned-spin filter templates to the same pipeline with non-spinning filter templates. Our results exploit a three-parameter phenomenological waveform family that models the full inspiral-merger-ringdown coalescence and treats the effect of aligned spins with a single effective spin parameter \\chi. We construct template banks from these waveforms by a stochastic placement method and use these banks as filters in the recently-developed gstlal search pipeline. We measure the observable volume of the analysis pipeline for binary black hole signals with total mass in [15,25] solar masses and \\chi in [0, 0.85]. We find an increase in observable volume of up to 45% for systems with 0.2 <= \\chi <= 0.85 with almost no loss of sensitivity to signals with 0 <= \\chi <= 0.2. We demonstrate this analysis on 25.9 days of data obtained from the Hanford and Livingston detectors in LIGO's fifth observation run.

  1. Inference on gravitational waves from coalescences of stellar-mass compact objects and intermediate-mass black holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haster, Carl-Johan; Berry, Christopher P L; Stevenson, Simon; Veitch, John; Mandel, Ilya

    2015-01-01

    Gravitational waves from coalescences of neutron stars or stellar-mass black holes into intermediate-mass black holes (IMBHs) of $\\gtrsim 100$ solar masses represent one of the exciting possible sources for advanced gravitational-wave detectors. These sources can provide definitive evidence for the existence of IMBHs, probe globular-cluster dynamics, and potentially serve as tests of general relativity. We analyse the accuracy with which we can measure the masses and spins of the IMBH and its companion in intermediate-mass ratio coalescences. We find that we can identify an IMBH with a mass above $100 ~ M_\\odot$ with $95\\%$ confidence provided the massive body exceeds $130 ~ M_\\odot$. For source masses above $\\sim200 ~ M_\\odot$, the best measured parameter is the frequency of the quasi-normal ringdown. Consequently, the total mass is measured better than the chirp mass for massive binaries, but the total mass is still partly degenerate with spin, which cannot be accurately measured. Low-frequency detector sen...

  2. Visualization of Solution Gas Drive in Viscous Oil, SUPRI TR-126

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    George, D.S.; Kovscek, A.R.

    2001-07-23

    Several experimental studies of solution gas drive are available in this report. Almost all of the studies have used light oil. Solution gas drive behavior, especially in heavy oil reservoirs, is poorly understood. Experiments were performed in which pore-scale solution gas drive phenomena were viewed in water/carbon dioxide and viscous oil/carbon dioxide systems. A new pressure vessel was designed and constructed to house silicon-wafer micromodels that previously operated at low (<3 atm) pressure. The new apparatus is used for the visual studies. Several interesting phenomena were viewed. The repeated nucleation of gas bubbles was observed at a gas-wet site occupied by dirt. Interestingly, the dissolution of a gas bubble into the liquid phase was previously recorded at the same nucleation site. Gas bubbles in both systems grew to span one ore more pore bodies before mobilization. Liquid viscosity affected the ease with which gas bubbles coalesced. More viscous solutions result in slower rates of coalescence. The transport of solid particles on gas-liquid interfaces was also observed.

  3. Cinematic Scientific Visualizations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Litaker, Kendall R

    2013-05-21

    is applied to the test cases of a nebula, star-forming region Sharpless 2-106, and a galaxy, Messier 51, or the Whirlpool Galaxy. The results of this thesis demonstrate the visual, scientific, and technical success of this solution. The code developed during...

  4. HOGgles: Visualizing Object Detection Features

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vondrick, Carl Martin

    We introduce algorithms to visualize feature spaces used by object detectors. The tools in this paper allow a human to put on 'HOG goggles' and perceive the visual world as a HOG based object detector sees it. We found ...

  5. Attention and the Indeterminacy of Visual Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stazicker, James David

    2011-01-01

    Early in post-retinal visual processing, information aboutEarly in post-retinal visual processing, information about

  6. Processing Visual Images

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Litke, Alan (UC Santa Cruz) [UC Santa Cruz

    2006-03-27

    The back of the eye is lined by an extraordinary biological pixel detector, the retina. This neural network is able to extract vital information about the external visual world, and transmit this information in a timely manner to the brain. In this talk, Professor Litke will describe a system that has been implemented to study how the retina processes and encodes dynamic visual images. Based on techniques and expertise acquired in the development of silicon microstrip detectors for high energy physics experiments, this system can simultaneously record the extracellular electrical activity of hundreds of retinal output neurons. After presenting first results obtained with this system, Professor Litke will describe additional applications of this incredible technology.

  7. Methods of visualizing graphs

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wong, Pak C. (Richland, WA); Mackey, Patrick S. (Kennewick, WA); Perrine, Kenneth A. (Richland, WA); Foote, Harlan P. (Richland, WA); Thomas, James J. (Richland, WA)

    2008-12-23

    Methods for visualizing a graph by automatically drawing elements of the graph as labels are disclosed. In one embodiment, the method comprises receiving node information and edge information from an input device and/or communication interface, constructing a graph layout based at least in part on that information, wherein the edges are automatically drawn as labels, and displaying the graph on a display device according to the graph layout. In some embodiments, the nodes are automatically drawn as labels instead of, or in addition to, the label-edges.

  8. Growth rate of the tidal p-mode g-mode instability in coalescing binary neutron stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinberg, Nevin N

    2015-01-01

    We recently described an instability due to the nonlinear coupling of p-modes to g-modes and, as an application, we studied the stability of the tide in coalescing binary neutron stars. Although we found that the tide is p-g unstable early in the inspiral and rapidly drives modes to large energies, our analysis only accounted for three-mode interactions. Venumadhav, Zimmerman, and Hirata showed that four-mode interactions must also be accounted for as they enter into the analysis at the same order. They found a near-exact cancellation between three- and four-mode interactions and concluded that while the tide in binary neutron stars can be p-g unstable, the growth rates are not fast enough to impact the gravitational wave signal. Their analysis assumes that the linear tide is incompressible, which is true of the static linear tide (the m=0 harmonic) but not the non-static linear tide (m=+/- 2). Here we account for the compressibility of the non-static linear tide and find that the three- and four-mode interac...

  9. Nonlinear Dimensionality Reduction for Visualization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verleysen, Michel

    ://perso.uclouvain.be/michel.verleysen/ 2 IREC, Universit´e catholique de Louvain, Belgium john.lee@uclouvain.be Abstract. The visual

  10. Scientific Visualization, Seeing the Unseeable

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    LBNL

    2009-09-01

    June 24, 2008 Berkeley Lab lecture: Scientific visualization transforms abstract data into readily comprehensible images, provide a vehicle for "seeing the unseeable," and play a central role in bo... June 24, 2008 Berkeley Lab lecture: Scientific visualization transforms abstract data into readily comprehensible images, provide a vehicle for "seeing the unseeable," and play a central role in both experimental and computational sciences. Wes Bethel, who heads the Scientific Visualization Group in the Computational Research Division, presents an overview of visualization and computer graphics, current research challenges, and future directions for the field.

  11. Perception and Attention for Visualization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haroz, Steve

    2013-01-01

    right halves of the regions of the visual field. This information,information (which news category is most prevalent? ). ).On the right

  12. Search for Gravitational Waves from Low Mass Compact Binary Coalescence in LIGO's Sixth Science Run and Virgo's Science Runs 2 and 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the LIGO Scientific Collaboration; the Virgo Collaboration; J. Abadie; B. P. Abbott; R. Abbott; T. D. Abbott; M. Abernathy; T. Accadia; F. Acernese; C. Adams; R. Adhikari; C. Affeldt; M. Agathos; P. Ajith; B. Allen; G. S. Allen; E. Amador Ceron; D. Amariutei; R. S. Amin; S. B. Anderson; W. G. Anderson; K. Arai; M. A. Arain; M. C. Araya; S. M. Aston; P. Astone; D. Atkinson; P. Aufmuth; C. Aulbert; B. E. Aylott; S. Babak; P. Baker; G. Ballardin; S. Ballmer; D. Barker; F. Barone; B. Barr; P. Barriga; L. Barsotti; M. Barsuglia; M. A. Barton; I. Bartos; R. Bassiri; M. Bastarrika; A. Basti; J. Batch; J. Bauchrowitz; Th. S. Bauer; M. Bebronne; B. Behnke; M. G. Beker; A. S. Bell; A. Belletoile; I. Belopolski; M. Benacquista; J. M. Berliner; A. Bertolini; J. Betzwieser; N. Beveridge; P. T. Beyersdorf; I. A. Bilenko; G. Billingsley; J. Birch; R. Biswas; M. Bitossi; M. A. Bizouard; E. Black; J. K. Blackburn; L. Blackburn; D. Blair; B. Bland; M. Blom; O. Bock; T. P. Bodiya; C. Bogan; R. Bondarescu; F. Bondu; L. Bonelli; R. Bonnand; R. Bork; M. Born; V. Boschi; S. Bose; L. Bosi; B. Bouhou; S. Braccini; C. Bradaschia; P. R. Brady; V. B. Braginsky; M. Branchesi; J. E. Brau; J. Breyer; T. Briant; D. O. Bridges; A. Brillet; M. Brinkmann; V. Brisson; M. Britzger; A. F. Brooks; D. A. Brown; A. Brummit; T. Bulik; H. J. Bulten; A. Buonanno; J. Burguet--Castell; O. Burmeister; D. Buskulic; C. Buy; R. L. Byer; L. Cadonati; G. Cagnoli; E. Calloni; J. B. Camp; P. Campsie; J. Cannizzo; K. Cannon; B. Canuel; J. Cao; C. D. Capano; F. Carbognani; S. Caride; S. Caudill; M. Cavaglià; F. Cavalier; R. Cavalieri; G. Cella; C. Cepeda; E. Cesarini; O. Chaibi; T. Chalermsongsak; E. Chalkley; P. Charlton; E. Chassande-Mottin; S. Chelkowski; Y. Chen; A. Chincarini; A. Chiummo; H. Cho; N. Christensen; S. S. Y. Chua; C. T. Y. Chung; S. Chung; G. Ciani; F. Clara; D. E. Clark; J. Clark; J. H. Clayton; F. Cleva; E. Coccia; P. -F. Cohadon; C. N. Colacino; J. Colas; A. Colla; M. Colombini; A. Conte; R. Conte; D. Cook; T. R. Corbitt; M. Cordier; N. Cornish; A. Corsi; C. A. Costa; M. Coughlin; J. -P. Coulon; P. Couvares; D. M. Coward; D. C. Coyne; J. D. E. Creighton; T. D. Creighton; A. M. Cruise; A. Cumming; L. Cunningham; E. Cuoco; R. M. Cutler; K. Dahl; S. L. Danilishin; R. Dannenberg; S. D'Antonio; K. Danzmann; V. Dattilo; B. Daudert; H. Daveloza; M. Davier; G. Davies; E. J. Daw; R. Day; T. Dayanga; R. De Rosa; D. DeBra; G. Debreczeni; J. Degallaix; W. Del Pozzo; M. del Prete; T. Dent; V. Dergachev; R. DeRosa; R. DeSalvo; S. Dhurandhar; L. Di Fiore; A. Di Lieto; I. Di Palma; M. Di Paolo Emilio; A. Di Virgilio; M. Díaz; A. Dietz; J. DiGuglielmo; F. Donovan; K. L. Dooley; S. Dorsher; M. Drago; R. W. P. Drever; J. C. Driggers; Z. Du; J. -C. Dumas; S. Dwyer; T. Eberle; M. Edgar; M. Edwards; A. Effler; P. Ehrens; G. Endröczi; R. Engel; T. Etzel; K. Evans; M. Evans; T. Evans; M. Factourovich; V. Fafone; S. Fairhurst; Y. Fan; B. F. Farr; W. Farr; D. Fazi; H. Fehrmann; D. Feldbaum; I. Ferrante; F. Fidecaro; L. S. Finn; I. Fiori; R. P. Fisher; R. Flaminio; M. Flanigan; S. Foley; E. Forsi; L. A. Forte; N. Fotopoulos; J. -D. Fournier; J. Franc; S. Frasca; F. Frasconi; M. Frede; M. Frei; Z. Frei; A. Freise; R. Frey; T. T. Fricke; D. Friedrich; P. Fritschel; V. V. Frolov; P. J. Fulda; M. Fyffe; M. Galimberti; L. Gammaitoni; M. R. Ganija; J. Garcia; J. A. Garofoli; F. Garufi; M. E. Gáspár; G. Gemme; R. Geng; E. Genin; A. Gennai; L. Á. Gergely; S. Ghosh; J. A. Giaime; S. Giampanis; K. D. Giardina; A. Giazotto; C. Gill; E. Goetz; L. M. Goggin; G. González; M. L. Gorodetsky; S. Goßler; R. Gouaty; C. Graef; M. Granata; A. Grant; S. Gras; C. Gray; N. Gray; R. J. S. Greenhalgh; A. M. Gretarsson; C. Greverie; R. Grosso; H. Grote; S. Grunewald; G. M. Guidi; C. Guido; R. Gupta; E. K. Gustafson; R. Gustafson; T. Ha; B. Hage; J. M. Hallam; D. Hammer; G. Hammond; J. Hanks; C. Hanna; J. Hanson; A. Hardt; J. Harms; G. M. Harry; I. W. Harry; E. D. Harstad; M. T. Hartman; K. Haughian; K. Hayama; J. -F. Hayau; J. Heefner; A. Heidmann; M. C. Heintze; H. Heitmann; P. Hello; M. A. Hendry; I. S. Heng; A. W. Heptonstall; V. Herrera; M. Hewitson; S. Hild; D. Hoak; K. A. Hodge; K. Holt; T. Hong; S. Hooper; D. J. Hosken; J. Hough; E. J. Howell; B. Hughey; S. Husa; S. H. Huttner; T. Huynh-Dinh; D. R. Ingram; R. Inta; T. Isogai; A. Ivanov; K. Izumi; M. Jacobson; H. Jang; P. Jaranowski; W. W. Johnson; D. I. Jones; G. Jones; R. Jones; L. Ju; P. Kalmus; V. Kalogera; I. Kamaretsos; S. Kandhasamy; G. Kang; J. B. Kanner; E. Katsavounidis; W. Katzman; H. Kaufer; K. Kawabe; S. Kawamura; F. Kawazoe; W. Kells; D. G. Keppel; Z. Keresztes; A. Khalaidovski; F. Y. Khalili; E. A. Khazanov; B. Kim; C. Kim; D. Kim; H. Kim; K. Kim; N. Kim; Y. -M. Kim; P. J. King; M. Kinsey; D. L. Kinzel; J. S. Kissel; S. Klimenko; K. Kokeyama; V. Kondrashov; R. Kopparapu; S. Koranda

    2012-01-18

    We report on a search for gravitational waves from coalescing compact binaries using LIGO and Virgo observations between July 7, 2009 and October 20, 2010. We searched for signals from binaries with total mass between 2 and 25 solar masses; this includes binary neutron stars, binary black holes, and binaries consisting of a black hole and neutron star. The detectors were sensitive to systems up to 40 Mpc distant for binary neutron stars, and further for higher mass systems. No gravitational-wave signals were detected. We report upper limits on the rate of compact binary coalescence as a function of total mass, including the results from previous LIGO and Virgo observations. The cumulative 90%-confidence rate upper limits of the binary coalescence of binary neutron star, neutron star- black hole and binary black hole systems are 1.3 x 10^{-4}, 3.1 x 10^{-5} and 6.4 x 10^{-6} Mpc^{-3}yr^{-1}, respectively. These upper limits are up to a factor 1.4 lower than previously derived limits. We also report on results from a blind injection challenge.

  13. Knowledge Assisted Visualization Knowledge-assisted visualization of seismic data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for knowledge-assisted annotation and computer-assisted interpretation of seismic data for oil and gas, using seismic interpretation, is performed that makes it fit very naturally into the paradigmKnowledge Assisted Visualization Knowledge-assisted visualization of seismic data Daniel Patel a

  14. Interacting with Microseismic Visualizations Microseismic visualization systems present complex 3D

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Saul

    Interacting with Microseismic Visualizations Abstract Microseismic visualization systems present that information. Author Keywords 3D microseismic visualizations; proxemic interactions ACM Classification Keywords, S., Brazil, E., Sharlin, E. and Sousa, M. (2013) Interacting with Microseismic Visualizations

  15. Evaluation of a Vehicle Visualization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kameda, Yoshinari

    , "Ergonomic Design and Evaluation of Augmented Reality Based Cautionary Warnings for Driving Assistance *1 *2 *2 *2 *1 *2 CG Evaluation of a Vehicle Visualization In this paper, we report an evaluation of the visualization method that displays a hidden vehicle

  16. Visualization of domain and concept descriptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mladenic, Dunja

    coordinates method which was previously used for visualizing mul- tidimensional geometry. Visualization of examples and rules with the parallel coordinates method enables the analysis, an early approach to data visualization was by using a sim* *ple table representation of examples

  17. Testing general relativity with compact coalescing binaries: comparing exact and predictive methods to compute the Bayes factor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter Del Pozzo; Katherine Grover; Ilya Mandel; Alberto Vecchio

    2014-08-11

    The second generation of gravitational-wave detectors is scheduled to start operations in 2015. Gravitational-wave signatures of compact binary coalescences could be used to accurately test the strong-field dynamical predictions of general relativity. Computationally expensive data analysis pipelines, including TIGER, have been developed to carry out such tests. As a means to cheaply assess whether a particular deviation from general relativity can be detected, Cornish et al. and Vallisneri recently proposed an approximate scheme to compute the Bayes factor between a general-relativity gravitational-wave model and a model representing a class of alternative theories of gravity parametrised by one additional parameter. This approximate scheme is based on only two easy-to-compute quantities: the signal-to-noise ratio of the signal and the fitting factor between the signal and the manifold of possible waveforms within general relativity. In this work, we compare the prediction from the approximate formula against an exact numerical calculation of the Bayes factor using the lalinference library. We find that, using frequency-domain waveforms, the approximate scheme predicts exact results with good accuracy, providing the correct scaling with the signal-to-noise ratio at a fitting factor value of 0.992 and the correct scaling with the fitting factor at a signal-to-noise ratio of 20, down to a fitting factor of $\\sim$ 0.9. We extend the framework for the approximate calculation of the Bayes factor which significantly increases its range of validity, at least to fitting factors of $\\sim$ 0.7 or higher.

  18. Ocean Thermal Extractable Energy Visualization: Final Technical...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Ocean Thermal Extractable Energy Visualization: Final Technical Report Ocean Thermal Extractable Energy Visualization: Final Technical Report Report about the Ocean Thermal...

  19. Visualization and Analytics Software at NERSC

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Analytics Data, Visualization, and Analytics AVSExpress AVSExpress includes functionality for data visualization and analysis, image processing and data display. It uses a...

  20. UI Design and Information Visualization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brock, David

    of components and elements per visual screen · Hierarchy of Data: Number of levels drilled down · Interaction of part, technical working · Skills/experience in Domain: Novice, Intermediate, Expert ­ Young vs. old

  1. Dynamic visualization of data streams

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wong, Pak Chung (Richalnd, WA); Foote, Harlan P. (Richland, WA); Adams, Daniel R. (Kennewick, WA); Cowley, Wendy E. (Richland, WA); Thomas, James J. (Richland, WA)

    2009-07-07

    One embodiment of the present invention includes a data communication subsystem to receive a data stream, and a data processing subsystem responsive to the data communication subsystem to generate a visualization output based on a group of data vectors corresponding to a first portion of the data stream. The processing subsystem is further responsive to a change in rate of receipt of the data to modify the visualization output with one or more other data vectors corresponding to a second portion of the data stream as a function of eigenspace defined with the group of data vectors. The system further includes a display device responsive to the visualization output to provide a corresponding visualization.

  2. Visualization tools for moving objects 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vargas Estrada, Aimee

    2006-04-12

    In this work we describe the design and implementation of a general framework for visualizing and editing motion planning environments, problem instances, and their solutions. The motion planning problem consists of finding ...

  3. Data mining and visualization techniques

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wong, Pak Chung (Richland, WA); Whitney, Paul (Richland, WA); Thomas, Jim (Richland, WA)

    2004-03-23

    Disclosed are association rule identification and visualization methods, systems, and apparatus. An association rule in data mining is an implication of the form X.fwdarw.Y where X is a set of antecedent items and Y is the consequent item. A unique visualization technique that provides multiple antecedent, consequent, confidence, and support information is disclosed to facilitate better presentation of large quantities of complex association rules.

  4. JSF AND VISUAL WEB DEVELOPMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Y. Daniel

    JSF AND VISUAL WEB DEVELOPMENT CHAPTER 41 Objectives To explain what JSF is (§41.1). To create/16/09 10:18 AM Page 41­1 #12;41­2 Chapter 41 JSF and Visual Web Development 41.1 Introduction The use of servlets, introduced in Chapter 39, is the foundation of the Java Web technology. It is a primitive way

  5. Contact mechanics of and Reynolds flow through saddle points: On the coalescence of contact patches and the leakage rate through near-critical constrictions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf B. Dapp; Martin H. Müser

    2015-01-26

    We study numerically local models for the mechanical contact between two solids with rough surfaces. When the solids softly touch either through adhesion or by a small normal load $L$, contact only forms at isolated patches and fluids can pass through the interface. When the load surpasses a threshold value, $L_c$, adjacent patches coalesce at a critical constriction, i.e., near points where the interfacial separation between the undeformed surfaces forms a saddle point. This process is continuous without adhesion and the interfacial separation near percolation is fully defined by scaling factors and the sign of $L_c-L$. The scaling factors lead to a Reynolds flow resistance which diverges as $(L_c-L)^\\beta$ with $\\beta = 3.45$. Contact merging and destruction near saddle points becomes discontinuous when either short-range adhesion or specific short-range repulsion are added to the hard-wall repulsion. These results imply that coalescence and break-up of contact patches can contribute to Coulomb friction and contact aging.

  6. Visual experience induces long-term potentiation in the primary visual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooke, Samuel Frazer

    Stimulus-specific response potentiation (SRP) is a robust form of experience-dependent plasticity that occurs in primary visual cortex. In awake mice, visual evoked potentials (VEPs) recorded in layer 4 of binocular visual ...

  7. Visual Experience Induces Long-Term Potentiation in the Primary Visual Cortex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooke, Samuel Frazer

    Stimulus-specific response potentiation (SRP) is a robust form of experience-dependent plasticity that occurs in primary visual cortex. In awake mice, visual evoked potentials (VEPs) recorded in layer 4 of binocular visual ...

  8. Interacting with Microseismic Visualizations Microseismic visualization systems present complex 3D

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Saul

    Interacting with Microseismic Visualizations Abstract Microseismic visualization systems present that information. Author Keywords 3D microseismic visualizations; proxemic interactions ACM Classification Keywords] Maxwell, S. Microseismic: Growth born from success. The Leading Edge 29, 3 (2010), 338-343. Copyright

  9. Correct Use of the Lifshitz-Slyosov-Wagner Expression for the Calculation of the Average Radius of an Oil-In-Water (o/w) Emulsion Subject to Coalescence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kareem Rahn-Chique; German Urbina-Villalba

    2015-02-09

    The analytic expression proposed by Lifshitz-Slyozov and Wagner (LSW theory) for the linear variation of the cube average radius (R3) of an emulsion as function of time (t) is commonly used to appraise the effect of Ostwald ripening. However, we proved here both experimentally and theoretically that such approach is incorrect in those cases in which the coalescence of the drops cannot be prevented. In this event, the expression of LSW should be corrected in order to account for the actual average radius of the emulsion at each time, and instead of the radius predicted by the equations of LSW without consideration of the coalescence process.

  10. A Taxonomy of Dynamic ATC Visualizations Christophe HURTER, Stphane CONVERSY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Taxonomy of Dynamic ATC Visualizations Christophe HURTER, Stéphane CONVERSY Abstract-- Air in the interpretation of visualization. Index Terms-- Information Visualization, taxonomy, graphical coding. I

  11. Blended Interaction for Information Visualization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deussen, Oliver

    about digital information in ways that fit more closely with their existing everyday thinking practises; qualitative studies ACM Classification Keywords H.5.m. Information interfaces and presentation (e.g., HCI and digital actions, offer many new opportunities to think beyond current information visualization (Info

  12. MULTIVARIATE NONPARAMETRIC REGRESSION AND VISUALIZATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klemelä, Jussi

    not be available in electronic format. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data: Klemel¨a, Jussi AND CLASSIFICATION 1 Overview of Regression and Classification 3 2 Linear Methods and Extensions 77 3 Kernel Methods Visualization xxi I.4 Literature xxiii PART I METHODS OF REGRESSION AND CLASSIFICATION 1 Overview of Regression

  13. VISUALIZATION OF MAGNETICALLY CONFINED PLASMAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Hence, there is a great need to develop viable renewable energy sources and increase the efforts a great promise for the future. Widespread in- troduction of fusion energy power plants could in experimental and theoretical fu- sion energy research towards more geometric details, visualization plays

  14. The human activity of visualization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    Griffin et al 2006 #12;Human-Computer Interaction: Software of the Mind each user has a setThe human activity of visualization cultural and psychological factors in representation; Gibbon 1998; Marcus 2000) conventions and metaphors of Westerners may not hold worldwide colors

  15. Data sonification and sound visualization.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaper, H. G.; Tipei, S.; Wiebel, E.; Mathematics and Computer Science; Univ. of Illinois

    1999-07-01

    Sound can help us explore and analyze complex data sets in scientific computing. The authors describe a digital instrument for additive sound synthesis (Diass) and a program to visualize sounds in a virtual reality environment (M4Cave). Both are part of a comprehensive music composition environment that includes additional software for computer-assisted composition and automatic music notation.

  16. Carleton University Visual Identity Toolkit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dawson, Jeff W.

    THE LOGO/IDENTITY TREATMENT IN DETAIL FACULTIES, SCHOOLS AND ANCILLARY UNITS FACULTY, SCHOOL AND ANCILLARY UNIT IDENTITIES IN DETAIL NON-ACADEMIC ANCILLARY UNIT IDENTITIES A NOTE ON THE VISUAL IDENTITIES of Carleton's faculties, schools and ancillary units, as well as communications materials such as brochures

  17. VCAT: Visual Crosswalk Analysis Tool

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cleland, Timothy J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Forslund, David W. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Cleland, Catherine A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-08-31

    VCAT is a knowledge modeling and analysis tool. It was synthesized from ideas in functional analysis, business process modeling, and complex network science. VCAT discovers synergies by analyzing natural language descriptions. Specifically, it creates visual analytic perspectives that capture intended organization structures, then overlays the serendipitous relationships that point to potential synergies within an organization or across multiple organizations.

  18. Context-based visual feedback recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morency, Louis-Philippe, 1977-

    2007-01-01

    During face-to-face conversation, people use visual feedback (e.g., head and eye gesture) to communicate relevant information and to synchronize rhythm between participants. When recognizing visual feedback, people often ...

  19. Articulatory features for robust visual speech recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saenko, Ekaterina, 1976-

    2004-01-01

    This thesis explores a novel approach to visual speech modeling. Visual speech, or a sequence of images of the speaker's face, is traditionally viewed as a single stream of contiguous units, each corresponding to a phonetic ...

  20. Visualization Contest Applications due August 3

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    due August 3 June 22, 2012 by Francesca Verdier (0 Comments) In support of the IEEE Symposium on Large-Scale Data Analysis and Visualization (LDAV) 2012's visualization...

  1. AUDIO-VISUAL AND MAINTENANCE SERVICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victoria, University of

    AUDIO-VISUAL AND MAINTENANCE SERVICES University Policy No: AD2510 Classification: Administration Approving authority: Vice-President Finance and Operations Effective date: September, 2010 Supersedes for Audio Visual: services, equipment rental and maintenance on campus. DEFINITIONS For the purposes

  2. Energy Integration Visualization Room (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-08-01

    This two-page fact sheet describes the new Energy Integration Visualization Room in the ESIF and talks about some of the capabilities and unique visualization features of the the room.

  3. Painting and Visualization Robert M. Kirby

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laidlaw, David

    Painting and Visualization Robert M. Kirby School of Computing and Scientific Computing and Imaging Department of Computer Science Brown University October 10, 2003 1 Introduction Art, in particular painting manifested in collaborative teams, new painting-inspired visualization techniques, or new visualization

  4. Visual Attention: Light Enters the Jochen Braun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Braun, Jochen

    Visual Attention: Light Enters the Jungle Jochen Braun Recent studies focusing on basic visual-perceptual processing that awareness entails -- short-term memory, percep- tual decisions, voluntary responses and so time. The coaxing was done by a visual search near fixation, which the observer was obliged to carry

  5. Brief Communication Reorganization of Visual Processing in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kanwisher, Nancy

    Brief Communication Reorganization of Visual Processing in Macular Degeneration Chris I. Baker,1. In such cases, the macular damage eliminates the normal retinal input to a large region of visual cortex subjects with extensive bilateral central retinal lesions, we found that parts of visual cortex (including

  6. Cognitive Foundations for Visual Analytics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greitzer, Frank L.; Noonan, Christine F.; Franklin, Lyndsey

    2011-02-25

    In this report, we provide an overview of scientific/technical literature on information visualization and VA. Topics discussed include an update and overview of the extensive literature search conducted for this study, the nature and purpose of the field, major research thrusts, and scientific foundations. We review methodologies for evaluating and measuring the impact of VA technologies as well as taxonomies that have been proposed for various purposes to support the VA community. A cognitive science perspective underlies each of these discussions.

  7. Visualizing Cyber Security: Usable Workspaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fink, Glenn A.; North, Christopher L.; Endert, Alexander; Rose, Stuart J.

    2009-10-11

    An environment that supports cyber analytics work should enable multiple, simultaneous investigations, information foraging, and provide a solution space for organizing data. We describe our study of cyber security professionals and visualizations in a large, high-resolution display work environment. We discuss the tasks and needs of analysts that such an environment can support and present several prototypes designed to support these needs. We conclude with a usability evaluation of the prototypes and additional lessons learned.

  8. SUBSURFACE VISUAL ALARM SYSTEM ANALYSIS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D.W. Markman

    2001-08-06

    The ''Subsurface Fire Hazard Analysis'' (CRWMS M&O 1998, page 61), and the document, ''Title III Evaluation Report for the Surface and Subsurface Communication System'', (CRWMS M&O 1999a, pages 21 and 23), both indicate the installed communication system is adequate to support Exploratory Studies Facility (ESF) activities with the exception of the mine phone system for emergency notification purposes. They recommend the installation of a visual alarm system to supplement the page/party phone system The purpose of this analysis is to identify data communication highway design approaches, and provide justification for the selected or recommended alternatives for the data communication of the subsurface visual alarm system. This analysis is being prepared to document a basis for the design selection of the data communication method. This analysis will briefly describe existing data or voice communication or monitoring systems within the ESF, and look at how these may be revised or adapted to support the needed data highway of the subsurface visual alarm. system. The existing PLC communication system installed in subsurface is providing data communication for alcove No.5 ventilation fans, south portal ventilation fans, bulkhead doors and generator monitoring system. It is given that the data communication of the subsurface visual alarm system will be a digital based system. It is also given that it is most feasible to take advantage of existing systems and equipment and not consider an entirely new data communication system design and installation. The scope and primary objectives of this analysis are to: (1) Briefly review and describe existing available data communication highways or systems within the ESF. (2) Examine technical characteristics of an existing system to disqualify a design alternative is paramount in minimizing the number of and depth of a system review. (3) Apply general engineering design practices or criteria such as relative cost, and degree of difficulty and complexity in determining requirements in adapting existing data communication highways to support the subsurface visual alarm system. These requirements would include such things as added or new communication cables, added Programmable Logic Controller (PLC), Inputs and Outputs (I/O), and communication hardware components, and human machine interfaces and their software operating system. (4) Select the best data communication highway system based on this review of adapting or integrating with existing data communication systems.

  9. Ocean Thermal Extractable Energy Visualization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ascari, Matthew

    2012-10-28

    The Ocean Thermal Extractable Energy Visualization (OTEEV) project focuses on assessing the Maximum Practicably Extractable Energy (MPEE) from the world’s ocean thermal resources. MPEE is defined as being sustainable and technically feasible, given today’s state-of-the-art ocean energy technology. Under this project the OTEEV team developed a comprehensive Geospatial Information System (GIS) dataset and software tool, and used the tool to provide a meaningful assessment of MPEE from the global and domestic U.S. ocean thermal resources.

  10. Visual-servoing optical microscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Callahan, Daniel E; Parvin, Bahram

    2013-10-01

    The present invention provides methods and devices for the knowledge-based discovery and optimization of differences between cell types. In particular, the present invention provides visual servoing optical microscopy, as well as analysis methods. The present invention provides means for the close monitoring of hundreds of individual, living cells over time; quantification of dynamic physiological responses in multiple channels; real-time digital image segmentation and analysis; intelligent, repetitive computer-applied cell stress and cell stimulation; and the ability to return to the same field of cells for long-term studies and observation. The present invention further provides means to optimize culture conditions for specific subpopulations of cells.

  11. Visualizing Twenty Years of Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Potel, Mike; Wong, Pak C.

    2014-11-01

    This issue of IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications marks the 20th anniversary of the Applications department as a regular feature of the magazine. We thought it might be interesting to look back at the 20 years of Applications department articles to assess its evolution over that time. By aggregating all twenty years of articles and applying a little statistical and visual analytics, we’ve uncovered some interesting characteristics and trends we thought we’d share to mark this 20 year milestone.

  12. Visual-servoing optical microscopy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Callahan, Daniel E. (Martinez, CA); Parvin, Bahram (Mill Valley, CA)

    2011-05-24

    The present invention provides methods and devices for the knowledge-based discovery and optimization of differences between cell types. In particular, the present invention provides visual servoing optical microscopy, as well as analysis methods. The present invention provides means for the close monitoring of hundreds of individual, living cells over time; quantification of dynamic physiological responses in multiple channels; real-time digital image segmentation and analysis; intelligent, repetitive computer-applied cell stress and cell stimulation; and the ability to return to the same field of cells for long-term studies and observation. The present invention further provides means to optimize culture conditions for specific subpopulations of cells.

  13. Visual-servoing optical microscopy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Callahan, Daniel E. (Martinez, CA); Parvin, Bahram (Hercules, CA)

    2009-06-09

    The present invention provides methods and devices for the knowledge-based discovery and optimization of differences between cell types. In particular, the present invention provides visual servoing optical microscopy, as well as analysis methods. The present invention provides means for the close monitoring of hundreds of individual, living cells over time: quantification of dynamic physiological responses in multiple channels; real-time digital image segmentation and analysis; intelligent, repetitive computer-applied cell stress and cell stimulation; and the ability to return to the same field of cells for long-term studies and observation. The present invention further provides means to optimize culture conditions for specific subpopulations of cells.

  14. Visual Analysis of Weblog Content

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gregory, Michelle L.; Payne, Deborah A.; McColgin, Dave; Cramer, Nick O.; Love, Douglas V.

    2007-03-26

    In recent years, one of the advances of the World Wide Web is social media and one of the fastest growing aspects of social media is the blogosphere. Blogs make content creation easy and are highly accessible through web pages and syndication. With their growing influence, a need has arisen to be able to monitor the opinions and insight revealed within their content. In this paper we describe a technical approach for analyzing the content of blog data using a visual analytic tool, IN-SPIRE, developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. We highlight the capabilities of this tool that are particularly useful for information gathering from blog data.

  15. Visualization | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company)Idaho) JumpWinside,Visualization Home Sfederspiel's

  16. Visual Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThin FilmUnitedVairexVertVillage ofVirginia/WindVirtusVisionVisual

  17. Mini-review of Electron Density Visualization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adler, Joan; Adler, Omri; Kreif, Meytal; Cohen, Or; Grosso, Bastien; Hashibon, Adham; Cooper, Valentino R

    2015-01-01

    We describe both educational and research oriented examples of electronic density visualization with AViz. Several detailed cases are presented and the procedures for their preparation are described.

  18. Introducing FRED, Enabling Unique Visualization and Manipulation...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Introducing FRED, Enabling Unique Visualization and Manipulation of Energy Data at Multiple Scales Home > Groups > OpenEI Community Central Sfederspiel's picture Submitted by...

  19. Data Analysis & Visualization | Neutron Science | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Data Analysis and Visualization As the data sets generated by the increasingly powerful neutron scattering instruments at HFIR and SNS grow ever more massive, the facilities'...

  20. Neutron Data Analysis & Visualization | More Science | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Data Analysis and Visualization As the data sets generated by the increasingly powerful neutron scattering instruments at HFIR and SNS grow ever more massive, the facilities'...

  1. Visualization of Microearthquake Data from Enhanced Geothermal...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Microearthquake Visualization of Microearthquake Data from Enhanced Geothermal Systems microearthquake.png We are working with geophysicists in the Earth Sciences Division (ESD) at...

  2. Computational models of early visual processing layers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shan, Honghao

    2010-01-01

    prevailing view of retinal processing. However, as discussedsimplified) model of retinal processing. A Retinal Codingretinal coding, the pre-cortical stage of visual processing,

  3. Towards a Visual Turing Challenge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mateusz Malinowski; Mario Fritz

    2015-05-05

    As language and visual understanding by machines progresses rapidly, we are observing an increasing interest in holistic architectures that tightly interlink both modalities in a joint learning and inference process. This trend has allowed the community to progress towards more challenging and open tasks and refueled the hope at achieving the old AI dream of building machines that could pass a turing test in open domains. In order to steadily make progress towards this goal, we realize that quantifying performance becomes increasingly difficult. Therefore we ask how we can precisely define such challenges and how we can evaluate different algorithms on this open tasks? In this paper, we summarize and discuss such challenges as well as try to give answers where appropriate options are available in the literature. We exemplify some of the solutions on a recently presented dataset of question-answering task based on real-world indoor images that establishes a visual turing challenge. Finally, we argue despite the success of unique ground-truth annotation, we likely have to step away from carefully curated dataset and rather rely on 'social consensus' as the main driving force to create suitable benchmarks. Providing coverage in this inherently ambiguous output space is an emerging challenge that we face in order to make quantifiable progress in this area.

  4. Prediction of visual perceptions with artificial neural networks in a visual prosthesis for the blind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verleysen, Michel

    Prediction of visual perceptions with artificial neural networks in a visual prosthesis based visual prosthesis in order to restore partial vision to the blind. In this paper, an attempt been published in [1]. We propose to use artificial neural networks (ANNs) for predicting the features

  5. Interacting with Microseismic Visualizations Microseismic visualization systems present complex 3D

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Saul

    Interacting with Microseismic Visualizations Abstract Microseismic visualization systems present that information. Author Keywords 3D microseismic visualizations; proxemic interactions ACM Classification Keywords@ucalgary.ca Figure 1. Microseismic data #12;Introduction Microseismic data is multi-dimensional data containing 3D

  6. Visual Information Systems Pr. Robert Laurini Chapter VI: Visual Portals to Multimedia Information Systems 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurini, Robert

    Visual Information Systems Pr. Robert Laurini Chapter VI: Visual Portals to Multimedia Information Systems 1 Chapter VI Visual Portals to Multimedia Information Systems http://puebla.turista.com.mx/ What is a portal? · Portal = an entry mechanism for an information system · A good portal = a portail allowing

  7. IEEE Visualization Contest 2011 Visualizing Unsteady Vortical Behavior of a Centrifugal Pump

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IEEE Visualization Contest 2011 Visualizing Unsteady Vortical Behavior of a Centrifugal Pump number 226042. em eg We present our results analyzing a centrifugal pump as a part of the IEEE Visualization Contest 2011. The given data set represents a high resolution simulation of a centrifugal pump

  8. TIGER: A data analysis pipeline for testing the strong-field dynamics of general relativity with gravitational wave signals from coalescing compact binaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agathos, Michalis; Li, Tjonnie G F; Broeck, Chris Van Den; Veitch, John; Vitale, Salvatore

    2013-01-01

    The direct detection of gravitational waves with upcoming second-generation gravitational wave detectors such as Advanced LIGO and Virgo will allow us to probe the genuinely strong-field dynamics of general relativity (GR) for the first time. We present a data analysis pipeline called TIGER (Test Infrastructure for GEneral Relativity), which is designed to utilize detections of compact binary coalescences to test GR in this regime. TIGER is a model-independent test of GR itself, in that it is not necessary to compare with any specific alternative theory. It performs Bayesian inference on two hypotheses: the GR hypothesis $\\mathcal{H}_{\\rm GR}$, and $\\mathcal{H}_{\\rm modGR}$, which states that one or more of the post-Newtonian coefficients in the waveform are not as predicted by GR. By the use of multiple sub-hypotheses of $\\mathcal{H}_{\\rm modGR}$, in each of which a different number of parameterized deformations of the GR phase are allowed, an arbitrarily large number of 'testing parameters' can be used with...

  9. Environmental Data Upload and Visualization Tools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Environmental Data Upload and Visualization Tools Cristina Grosso, John Oram, Shira Bezalel, Todd;Tool Development Data upload Standard data storage Data visualization #12;Regional Monitoring Program ­tailored to answer specific questions #12;Data Upload Tools #12;#12;#12;#12;Please add new Method Code

  10. Query-Driven Visualization and Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruebel, Oliver; Bethel, E. Wes; Prabhat, Mr.; Wu, Kesheng

    2012-11-01

    This report focuses on an approach to high performance visualization and analysis, termed query-driven visualization and analysis (QDV). QDV aims to reduce the amount of data that needs to be processed by the visualization, analysis, and rendering pipelines. The goal of the data reduction process is to separate out data that is "scientifically interesting'' and to focus visualization, analysis, and rendering on that interesting subset. The premise is that for any given visualization or analysis task, the data subset of interest is much smaller than the larger, complete data set. This strategy---extracting smaller data subsets of interest and focusing of the visualization processing on these subsets---is complementary to the approach of increasing the capacity of the visualization, analysis, and rendering pipelines through parallelism. This report discusses the fundamental concepts in QDV, their relationship to different stages in the visualization and analysis pipelines, and presents QDV's application to problems in diverse areas, ranging from forensic cybersecurity to high energy physics.

  11. RAMS/HYPACT Evaluation and Visualization Utilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gohm, Alexander

    REVU RAMS/HYPACT Evaluation and Visualization Utilities Version 2.3.1 User's Guide August 20, 2001 and Visualization Utilities (REVU), which is the standard supported package for generating graphical representations data in one of several available formats (e.g. Vis5D, GrADS, GRIB). REVU utilizes NCAR Graphics

  12. Cortical spatiotemporal plasticity in visual category learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortical spatiotemporal plasticity in visual category learning Yang Xu August 2013 CMU-ML-13-110 #12;#12;Cortical spatiotemporal plasticity in visual category learning Yang Xu August 2013 CMU-ML-13 of Philosophy c 2013 Yang Xu This research was sponsored by the National Institutes of Health under grant

  13. Occam's Razor and Petascale Visual Data Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bethel, E. Wes; Johnson, Chris; Ahern, Sean; Bell, John; Bremer, Peer-Timo; Childs, Hank; Cormier-Michel, Estelle; Day, Marc; Deines, Eduard; Fogal, Tom; Garth, Christoph; Geddes, Cameron; Hagen, Hans; Hamann, Bernd; Hansen, Charles; Jacobsen, Janet; Joy, Ken; Kruger, Jens; Meredith, Jeremy; Messmer, Peter; Ostrouchov, George; Pascucci, Valerio; Potter, Kristi; Prabhat, D.; Pugmire, David; Rubel, Oliver; Sanderson, Allen; Silva, Claudio; Ushizima, Daniela; Weber, Gunther; Whitlock, Brad; Wu, Kesheng

    2009-06-12

    One of the central challenges facing visualization research is how to effectively enable knowledge discovery. An effective approach will likely combine application architectures that are capable of running on today?s largest platforms to address the challenges posed by large data with visual data analysis techniques that help find, represent, and effectively convey scientifically interesting features and phenomena.

  14. Computational Steering in Visualization Dataflow Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brodlie, Ken

    of Computing, University of Leeds, UK Email: kwb@comp.leeds.ac.uk Keywords: Visualization, computational on the basis of the visualization of the current results. This paper is essentially a review paper, in which we system we use at Leeds) so as to provide the security that is expected in modern computing environments

  15. Computer systems and methods for visualizing data

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stolte, Chris (Palo Alto, CA); Hanrahan, Patrick (Portola Valley, CA)

    2010-07-13

    A method for forming a visual plot using a hierarchical structure of a dataset. The dataset comprises a measure and a dimension. The dimension consists of a plurality of levels. The plurality of levels form a dimension hierarchy. The visual plot is constructed based on a specification. A first level from the plurality of levels is represented by a first component of the visual plot. A second level from the plurality of levels is represented by a second component of the visual plot. The dataset is queried to retrieve data in accordance with the specification. The data includes all or a portion of the dimension and all or a portion of the measure. The visual plot is populated with the retrieved data in accordance with the specification.

  16. 3D Representations for Software Visualization Andrian Marcus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maletic, Jonathan I.

    research from software analysis, information visualization, human-computer interaction, and cognitive, texture, abstraction mechanism, and by supporting new manipulation techniques and user interfaces.2 [Information Interfaces and Presentation] User Interfaces Keywords: Software visualization, 3D visualization

  17. MULTIVARIATE VISUALIZATION OF DATA QUALITY ELEMENTS FOR COASTAL ZONE MONITORING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MULTIVARIATE VISUALIZATION OF DATA QUALITY ELEMENTS FOR COASTAL ZONE MONITORING D. E. van de Vlag for illustrating quantitative values of quality elements using multivariate visualization techniques. Quality, temporal accuracy and completeness. By combining multivariate visualization with the technique of multiple

  18. Geographic Information System for Visualization of PHEV Fleet...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Geographic Information System for Visualization of PHEV Fleet Data Geographic Information System for Visualization of PHEV Fleet Data 2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen...

  19. 64 _____________________________________Math & Computational Sciences Division High Performance Computing and Visualization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perkins, Richard A.

    64 _____________________________________Math & Computational Sciences Division High Performance Computing and Visualization Research and Development in Visual Analysis Judith Devaney Terrence Griffin John

  20. Visualization and Analysis of 3D Gene Expression Data (Technical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Report: Visualization and Analysis of 3D Gene Expression Data Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Visualization and Analysis of 3D Gene Expression Data Recent...

  1. Scalable Run Time Data Collection Analysis and Visualization...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Scalable Run Time Data Collection Analysis and Visualization (Presentation). Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Scalable Run Time Data Collection Analysis and Visualization...

  2. Visualization of vibration experienced in offshore platforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrikalakis, Alexander Marinos Charles

    2010-01-01

    In this thesis, I design and evaluate methods to optimize the visualization of vortex-induced vibration (VIV) in marine risers. VIV is vibration experienced by marine risers in offshore drilling platforms due to ocean ...

  3. Isochords: Visualizing Structure in Music Tony Bergstrom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Isochords is a visualization of music that aids in the classification of musical structure. The Isochords of digital music. Isochords offers listeners a means to grasp the underlying structure of music that, without

  4. Data visualization in the first person

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeCamp, Philip (Philip James)

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation will examine what a first person viewpoint means in the context of data visualization and how it can be used for navigating and presenting large datasets. Recent years have seen rapid growth in Big Data ...

  5. Flexible Visual Authoring Using Operation History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, Sara

    Flexible Visual Authoring Using Operation History Sara Su Massachusetts Institute of Technology l Revisiting history Storing and retrieving state Hierarchical authoring Grouping, structure, selections #12;Operations and selections today Uses of history System activity logs, instrumentation (not our focus

  6. Collaboration Topics - Visualization | National Nuclear Security...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Toolkit (VTK), which forms the basis of our customized visualization and analysis tools (ParaView, VisIt and LOVE). We are partnering on common VTK needs and working on...

  7. Context-based Visual Feedback Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morency, Louis-Philippe

    2006-11-15

    During face-to-face conversation, people use visual feedback (e.g.,head and eye gesture) to communicate relevant information and tosynchronize rhythm between participants. When recognizing visualfeedback, people often rely ...

  8. Enhanced Reality Visualization in a Surgical Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mellor, J.P.

    1995-01-01

    Enhanced reality visualization is the process of enhancing an image by adding to it information which is not present in the original image. A wide variety of information can be added to an image ranging from hidden ...

  9. A study of temporal visual composition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Xiaohua, 1972-

    2007-01-01

    With the rapid growth of digital art, the temporal dimension is becoming a more and more important aspect of visual creations. This thesis is an effort to contribute to the construction of a disciplined basis for the ...

  10. Explaining data in visual analytic systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Eugene, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2015-01-01

    Data-driven decision making and data analysis has grown in both importance and availability in the past decade, and has seen increasing acceptance in the broader population. Visual tools are needed to help non-technical ...

  11. Tailored displays to compensate for visual aberrations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pamplona, Vitor F.

    We introduce tailored displays that enhance visual acuity by decomposing virtual objects and placing the resulting anisotropic pieces into the subject's focal range. The goal is to free the viewer from needing wearable ...

  12. Scientific Data Processing and Visualization Software Company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delene, David J.

    Scientific Data Processing and Visualization Software Company Dr. David J. Delene Department #12;The Solution ­ Proper Software Open-source software environment designed to provide scientifically Develop prototype of the Software House. Cloud-based environment. Virtual Machines. Assessment

  13. Altered Development of Visual Subcortical Projections Following

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finlay, Barbara L.

    Altered Development of Visual Subcortical Projections Following Neonatal Thalamic Ablation increases connectivity by stabilizing an exuberant develop- mental projection, we examined the normal projection zones and show progressive growth within these zones. At no time during development do projections

  14. Generative modeling of dynamic visual scenes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Dahua, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01

    Modeling visual scenes is one of the fundamental tasks of computer vision. Whereas tremendous efforts have been devoted to video analysis in past decades, most prior work focuses on specific tasks, leading to dedicated ...

  15. Comparison of open source visual analytics toolkits.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crossno, Patricia Joyce; Harger, John R.

    2010-11-01

    We present the results of the first stage of a two-stage evaluation of open source visual analytics packages. This stage is a broad feature comparison over a range of open source toolkits. Although we had originally intended to restrict ourselves to comparing visual analytics toolkits, we quickly found that very few were available. So we expanded our study to include information visualization, graph analysis, and statistical packages. We examine three aspects of each toolkit: visualization functions, analysis capabilities, and development environments. With respect to development environments, we look at platforms, language bindings, multi-threading/parallelism, user interface frameworks, ease of installation, documentation, and whether the package is still being actively developed.

  16. Framework for a visual energy use system 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Christopher Ernest

    2009-06-02

    The goals of this research include developing and identifying software technologies, which facilitate the use of buildings described in Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools in both a simulation and visualization. The ...

  17. Heat pipe transient measurements incorporating visual methods 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeHart, Mark David

    1986-01-01

    !!CE December 1986 Major Subject: 1'uclear Eng nearing HEAT PIPE TRANSIENT MEASUREMENTS INCORPORATING VISUAL METHODS A Thesis by MARK DAVID DeHART Approved as to style and content by: Frederick R. Best (Chairman of Committee) Carl A. Erdman (Member... ) Dennis L. O'Neal (Member) K. L. Peddicord (Head of Department) December 1986 ABSTRACT Heat Pipe Transient Measurements Incorporating Visual Methods. (December 1986) Mark David DeHar t, B. S. , Texas A&M University Chairman of Advisory Committee...

  18. Visualizing roadmaps: A design-driven approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kerr, Clive; Phaal, Robert

    2015-06-08

    -up discussions, communication graphics must be carefully developed to distill “the main elements of the strategic plan into a simple high-level visual representation” (Blackwell et al. 2008, p. 128). Applied as a strategic lens – that is, a condensed high... . The presentational layer defines the aesthetic style for the final communication graphic; this is where the rough sketch becomes a polished, attractive image. This dual-layer construction reflects Dyrud and Worley’s (2006) view of visual design for business...

  19. A Computer Program to Visualize Gravitational Lenses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Francisco Frutos-Alfaro

    2014-06-12

    Gravitational lenses are presently playing an important role in astrophysics. By means of these lenses the parameters of the deflector such as its mass, ellipticity, etc. and Hubble's constant can be determined. Using C, Xforms, Mesa and Imlib a computer program to visualize this lens effect has been developed. This program has been applied to generate sequences of images of a source object and its corresponding images. It has also been used to visually test different models of gravitational lenses.

  20. Visualization of time-dependent seismic vector fields with glyphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McQuinn, Emmett

    2010-01-01

    tensor fields in geomechanics. Visualization Conference,single timestep of a geomechanics simulation. Glyph geometry

  1. Spiegel -A Visualization System for Dense Stellar Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bischof, Hans-Peter

    - body simulations of dense stellar systems. The visualization system al- lows ex- ploring the simulation

  2. Spatiotemporal Saliency: Towards a Hierarchical Representation of Visual Saliency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    these mechanisms [2], repro- ducing certain behavioral observations related to visual search, but the precise

  3. Visualization and Analysis in Support of Fusion Science

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanderson, Allen R.

    2012-10-01

    This report summarizes the results of the award for “Visualization and Analysis in Support of Fusion Science.” With this award our main efforts have been to develop and deploy visualization and analysis tools in three areas 1) magnetic field line analysis 2) query based visualization and 3) comparative visualization.

  4. An instability due to the nonlinear coupling of p-modes to g-modes: Implications for coalescing neutron star binaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nevin N. Weinberg; Phil Arras; Joshua Burkart

    2015-09-25

    A weakly nonlinear fluid wave propagating within a star can be unstable to three-wave interactions. The resonant parametric instability is a well-known form of three-wave interaction in which a primary wave of frequency $\\omega_a$ excites a pair of secondary waves of frequency $\\omega_b+\\omega_c \\simeq \\omega_a$. Here we consider a nonresonant form of three-wave interaction in which a low-frequency primary wave excites a high-frequency p-mode and a low-frequency g-mode such that $\\omega_b+\\omega_c >>\\omega_a$. We show that a p-mode can couple so strongly to a g-mode of similar radial wavelength that this type of interaction is unstable even if the primary wave amplitude is small. As an application, we analyze the stability of the tide in coalescing neutron star binaries to p-g mode coupling. We find that the equilibrium tide and dynamical tide are both p-g unstable at gravitational wave frequencies f_{gw} > 20 Hz and drive p-g pairs to significant energies on very short timescales (much less than the orbital decay time). Resonant parametric coupling to the tide is, by contrast, either stable or drives modes at a much smaller rate. We do not solve for the saturation of the instability and therefore cannot say precisely how it influences neutron star binaries. However, we show that if even a single daughter mode saturates near its wave breaking amplitude, the p-g instability of the equilibrium tide: (i) induces significant orbital phase errors ($\\Delta \\phi$ > 1 radian) that accumulate primarily at low frequencies (f_{gw} heats the neutron star core to T~10^{10} K. Since there are >100 unstable daughters, $\\Delta \\phi$ and T are potentially much larger than these values. Tides might therefore significantly influence the gravitational wave signal and electromagnetic emission from neutron star binaries at much larger orbital separations than previously thought.

  5. Many of the behaviors exhibited by flying insects are mediated visually. For example, insects rely on complex visual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel, Tom

    on complex visual processing (i) to maintain their orientation with respect to the retinal panorama (Collett

  6. HIV classification using coalescent theory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Ming; Letiner, Thomas K; Korber, Bette T

    2008-01-01

    Algorithms for subtype classification and breakpoint detection of HIV-I sequences are based on a classification system of HIV-l. Hence, their quality highly depend on this system. Due to the history of creation of the current HIV-I nomenclature, the current one contains inconsistencies like: The phylogenetic distance between the subtype B and D is remarkably small compared with other pairs of subtypes. In fact, it is more like the distance of a pair of subsubtypes Robertson et al. (2000); Subtypes E and I do not exist any more since they were discovered to be composed of recombinants Robertson et al. (2000); It is currently discussed whether -- instead of CRF02 being a recombinant of subtype A and G -- subtype G should be designated as a circulating recombination form (CRF) nd CRF02 as a subtype Abecasis et al. (2007); There are 8 complete and over 400 partial HIV genomes in the LANL-database which belong neither to a subtype nor to a CRF (denoted by U). Moreover, the current classification system is somehow arbitrary like all complex classification systems that were created manually. To this end, it is desirable to deduce the classification system of HIV systematically by an algorithm. Of course, this problem is not restricted to HIV, but applies to all fast mutating and recombining viruses. Our work addresses the simpler subproblem to score classifications of given input sequences of some virus species (classification denotes a partition of the input sequences in several subtypes and CRFs). To this end, we reconstruct ancestral recombination graphs (ARG) of the input sequences under restrictions determined by the given classification. These restritions are imposed in order to ensure that the reconstructed ARGs do not contradict the classification under consideration. Then, we find the ARG with maximal probability by means of Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods. The probability of the most probable ARG is interpreted as a score for the classification. To our knowledge, this particular problem was not addressed up to now. The software package Lamarc Kuhner et al. (2000) allows for sampling ARGs, but it assumes that recombination events only involve one breakpoint. However, in HIV recombinants usually have more than one breakpoint. Moreover, Lamarc does not perform an explicit breakpoint detection, but tries to find them by chance. Although this approach is suitable for most situations, it will not lead to satisfying results in case of highly recombining viruses with multiple breakpoints.

  7. Visual Field Maps, Population Receptive Field Sizes, and Visual Field Coverage in the Human MT Complex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dumoulin, Serge O.

    of processing in human motion-selective cortex. I N T R O D U C T I O N Neuroimaging experiments localize human by additional experiments. Defining human MT based on stimulus selectivity means that the identificationVisual Field Maps, Population Receptive Field Sizes, and Visual Field Coverage in the Human MT

  8. Geological Visualization Tools and Structural Geology Geologists use several visualization tools to understand rock outcrop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, X. Rong

    Geological Visualization Tools and Structural Geology Geologists use several visualization tools to understand rock outcrop relationships, regional patterns and subsurface geology in 3D and 4D. Geological maps to studying geologic maps. Cross sections are vertical "slices" into the earth that are used to interpret

  9. Navigating nuclear science: Enhancing analysis through visualization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Irwin, N.H.; Berkel, J. van; Johnson, D.K.; Wylie, B.N.

    1997-09-01

    Data visualization is an emerging technology with high potential for addressing the information overload problem. This project extends the data visualization work of the Navigating Science project by coupling it with more traditional information retrieval methods. A citation-derived landscape was augmented with documents using a text-based similarity measure to show viability of extension into datasets where citation lists do not exist. Landscapes, showing hills where clusters of similar documents occur, can be navigated, manipulated and queried in this environment. The capabilities of this tool provide users with an intuitive explore-by-navigation method not currently available in today`s retrieval systems.

  10. Visual Matrix Clustering of Social Networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wong, Pak C.; Mackey, Patrick S.; Foote, Harlan P.; May, Richard A.

    2013-07-01

    The prevailing choices to graphically represent a social network in today’s literature are a node-link graph layout and an adjacency matrix. Both visualization techniques have unique strengths and weaknesses when applied to different domain applications. In this article, we focus our discussion on adjacency matrix and how to turn the matrix-based visualization technique from merely showing pairwise associations among network actors (or graph nodes) to depicting clusters of a social network. We also use node-link layouts to supplement the discussion.

  11. Visual Analytics at the Pacific Northwest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the laboratory and around the world--including statisticians, machine vision experts, modelers, and domain portfolio analysis, energy grid reliability, environmental safety, training, and law enforcement. #12;FOCUS Laboratory Consortium Excellence in Technology Transfer awards for their visual approaches to text analysis

  12. Natural Language Processing! and Text Visualization"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarkar, Anoop

    ! * i247: Information Visualization and Presentation by Marti Hearst! #12;Text is not pre manufacture! ­ The effects of NAFTA on productivity of truck manufacture in the neighbouring cities of El Paso house either?'! ­ kynässänsäkäänkö `not in his pen either?'! · English phrase structure! ­ It is likely

  13. Interacting with Layered Physical Visualizations on Tabletops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visualizations; Digital Fabricaton; Interactive Surfaces ACM Classification Keywords H.5.m. Information objects to support a direct engagement with the digital world. These physical objects either represent digital objects Copyright is held by the author/owner(s). TEI 2014, Feb 16 ­ 19, 2014, Munich, Germany

  14. Creating and Visualizing Fuzzy Document Classification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fink, Eugene

    Creating and Visualizing Fuzzy Document Classification Judith Gelernter Dong Cao Raymond Lu Eugene@cs.cmu.edu Abstract--Fuzzy classification ranks items by degree rather than assigning them either within or without of a category. The novelty of our work is in integrating fuzzy classification algorithms with an interface

  15. Visualizing 1D Regression David J. Olive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olive, David

    Visualizing 1D Regression David J. Olive Abstract. Regression is the study of the conditional distribution of the re- sponse y given the predictors x. In a 1D regression, y is independent of x given a single linear combination T x of the predictors. Special cases of 1D regression include multiple linear

  16. Simulation and Visualization of Nanodiamond and Nanographite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adler, Joan

    Simulation and Visualization of Nanodiamond and Nanographite Joan Adler, Jeremie Zaffran, Amihai] and modelled the formation of nanodiamond and nanographite[4, 5]. Together with an excellent success rate of growth and identification of nanodiamonds came the rather surprising result of nanographite formation [5

  17. VISUALIZING ELECTRONIC DOCUMENT REPOSITORIES: DRAWING BOOKS AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rauber,Andreas

    ' are not natural selection criteria in their known environment. Even analyzing the provided metadata to #12;nd out ranking criteria, allowing users to quickly identify both the topics covered by the library, the amountVISUALIZING ELECTRONIC DOCUMENT REPOSITORIES: DRAWING BOOKS AND PAPERS IN A DIGITAL LIBRARY Andreas

  18. Visual Web Mining Amir H. Youssefi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bystroff, Chris

    Visual Web Mining Amir H. Youssefi Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute 110 Eight St. Troy, NY 12180 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute 110 Eight St. Troy, NY 12180 zaki@cs.rpi.edu ABSTRACT Analysis of web site of the web, and secondly, the structural complexity of web sites. In this paper we apply Data Mining

  19. Visualization of Conflict Networks Ulrik BRANDES a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brandes, Ulrik

    additional insights into the data. As a matter of fact, conflicts among large sets of political actors do inconsistent datasets. We propose a method for the visualization of conflict networks that show a set of actors involved actors, re- veals the opposing groups, provides a graphic overview of the conflict structure

  20. Visual Tool for Generative Programming Pavel Grigorenko

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grigorenko, Pavel

    of Cybernetics Tallinn University of Technology Akadeemia tee 21 12618 Tallinn, Estonia +372 6204212 ando@cs.ioc.ee Enn Tyugu Institute of Cybernetics Tallinn University of Technology Akadeemia tee 21 12618 TallinnVisual Tool for Generative Programming Pavel Grigorenko Institute of Cybernetics Tallinn University

  1. Active Visual Scene Exploration Eric Sommerlade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    of its gaze direction. Quantitative and qualitative validation show the increase in performance whenActive Visual Scene Exploration Eric Sommerlade Brasenose College D.Phil. Thesis Supervised by Dr Term 2010 This thesis is submitted to the Department of Engineering Science, University of Oxford

  2. Visualization of Ant Pheromone Based Path Following 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sutherland, Benjamin T.

    2010-07-14

    This thesis develops a simulation and visualization of a path finding algorithm based on ant pheromone paths created in 3D space. The simulation is useful as a demonstration of a heuristic approach to NP-complete problems and as an educational tool...

  3. Visual Exploration of Uncertainty in Remotesensing Classification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Visual Exploration of Uncertainty in Remote­sensing Classification Frans J.M. van der Wel Utrecht analysis of remotely­sensed data aims at acquiring insight as to the stability of possible classifications for an overwhelming flow of data on the appearance and condition of our planet. The data yielded by remote sensing can

  4. Interactive Visualization of Remote Sensing Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanz, Volker

    Interactive Visualization of Remote Sensing Data Interaktive Visualisierung von Fernerkundungsdaten alterungsbeständigem holz- und säurefreiem Papier. #12;Abstract Remote Sensing is an important tool for the analysis and spaceborne Remote Sensing systems produce a rapidly growing number of data sets, and improvements in sensor

  5. Cardiogram: Visual Analytics for Automotive Engineers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cardiogram: Visual Analytics for Automotive Engineers Michael Sedlmair1, Petra Isenberg2, Dominikus that sup- ports automotive engineers in debugging masses of traces each consisting of millions of recorded-critical networks to be error-free has become a major task and challenge for automotive engi- neers. To overcome

  6. Research Article Visual Control of Action Without

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loomis, Jack M.

    almost always entails retinal flow, research on the physiology of optic-flow processing has invari- ablyResearch Article Visual Control of Action Without Retinal Optic Flow Jack M. Loomis,1 Andrew C a field of obstacles and catching a ball, entails retinal flow with motion energy (first-order motion). We

  7. Microwave imaging reflectometry for the visualization of turbulence in tokamaks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mazzucato, Ernesto

    Microwave imaging reflectometry for the visualization of turbulence in tokamaks E. Mazzucato describes the results of an extensive numerical study of microwave reflectometry in tokamaks showing scheme for the global visualization of turbulent fluctuations in tokamaks is described. 1. Introduction

  8. Visual communication of mood through an establishing shot 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thirunarayanan, Radhika

    2006-04-12

    Visual storytelling has come a long way since primitive man began creating colorful, narrative cave paintings. In this new age of technology, motion pictures have become a prevalent medium for visual storytelling throughout the developed world...

  9. 3D Visualization of Water Transport in Ferns

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3D Visualization of Water Transport in Ferns 3D Visualization of Water Transport in Ferns Print Monday, 08 April 2013 00:00 Plants transport water through elongated cells called...

  10. Temporally Scalable Visual SLAM using a Reduced Pose Graph

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johannsson, Hordur

    2012-05-25

    In this paper, we demonstrate a system for temporally scalable visual SLAM using a reduced pose graph representation. Unlike previous visual SLAM approaches that use keyframes, our approach continually uses new measurements ...

  11. Interactive musical visualization based on emotional and color theory 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowens, Karessa Natee

    2009-05-15

    Influenced by synesthesia, the creators of such ‘visual musics’ as abstract art, color organs, abstract film, and most recently visualizers, have attempted to illustrate correspondences between the senses. This thesis ...

  12. Discovering structure of data to create multiple perspective visualization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yao, 1978-

    2004-01-01

    The goal of visualization is to help human understand, reason, and learn better and quicker. In pursuit of this goal, this thesis presents an architecture for intelligent visualization systems, which supports multiple ...

  13. Temporally scalable visual SLAM using a reduced pose graph

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johannsson, Hordur

    In this paper, we demonstrate a system for temporally scalable visual SLAM using a reduced pose graph representation. Unlike previous visual SLAM approaches that maintain static keyframes, our approach uses new measurements ...

  14. Visual Experience and Motor Action: Are The Bonds Too Tight? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Andy

    2001-01-01

    How should we characterize the functional role of conscious visual experience? In particular, how do the conscious contents of visual experience guide, bear upon, or otherwise inform our ongoing motor activities? According ...

  15. Visualization and Analysis of 3D Gene Expression Data (Technical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Report: Visualization and Analysis of 3D Gene Expression Data Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Visualization and Analysis of 3D Gene Expression Data You are...

  16. VisPortal: Deploying grid-enabled visualization tools through...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    VisPortal: Deploying grid-enabled visualization tools through a web-portal interface Citation Details In-Document Search Title: VisPortal: Deploying grid-enabled visualization...

  17. Visual-based methods in compliant mechanism optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timm, Richard W. (Richard William)

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to generate visual-based methods for optimizing compliant mechanisms (CMs). Visual-based optimization methods use graphical representations (3-D plots) of CM performance to convey design ...

  18. The Contribution of the Magnocellular Visual Pathway to the Process of Visual Word Recognition 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomson, Jacqueline

    2007-01-01

    Previous research on visual word recognition has uncovered a variety of factors which influence how easily this process is achieved. Some factors are intrinsic to the word itself (e.g., length, frequency, regularity) and ...

  19. Borges y el cine: imaginería visual y estrategia creativa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zavaleta Balarezo, Jorge

    2010-01-01

    cine: imaginería visual y estrategia creativa Jorge ZavaletaBertolucci (Por ejemplo, La estrategia de la araña, en base

  20. 7 Key Challenges for Visualization in Cyber Network Defense

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Best, Daniel M.; Endert, Alexander; Kidwell, Dan

    2014-12-02

    In this paper we present seven challenges, informed by two user studies, to be considered when developing a visualization for cyber security purposes. Cyber security visualizations must go beyond isolated solutions and “pretty picture” visualizations in order to make impact to users. We provide an example prototype that addresses the challenges with a description of how they are met. Our aim is to assist in increasing utility and adoption rates for visualization capabilities in cyber security.

  1. Sensing Super-position: Visual Instrument Sensor Replacement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maluf, David A.

    1 Sensing Super-position: Visual Instrument Sensor Replacement David A. Maluf 650-604-0611 David human vision through Sensing Super-position using a Visual Instrument Sensory Organ Replacement (VISOR instruments into sounds, which become relevant when the visual resolution is insufficient for very difficult

  2. Applications of Texture-Based Flow Visualization Robert S. Laramee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and meteorology, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) in the automo- tive industry, and medicine. We describe visualization, vector field visualization, texture, computational fluid dynamics (CFD), meteorology@visus.uni-stuttgart.de Figure 1: The visualization of swirl motion at the inner boundary surface of a combustion chamber from

  3. Visual-Feedback Distortion in a Robotic Rehabilitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klatzky, Roberta

    INVITED P A P E R Visual-Feedback Distortion in a Robotic Rehabilitation Environment In a finger-motion rehabilitation trial, where a patient presses against robot resistance, progress can be aided by visual feedback Matsuoka ABSTRACT | We create a robotic rehabilitation environment that distorts the visual feedback

  4. IEEE Symposium on Visual Languages, Seattle, 1992 Dominoes and Storyboards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for visual programming languages have adhered to a set pattern: fixed pictures symbolizing program components visual programming languages are "icons on strings" The dream of visual programming has been to replace textual programming languages as the medium through which computers are instructed with a language

  5. May 2009 Edition Copyright ITT Visual Information Solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shiliang

    May 2009 Edition Copyright © ITT Visual Information Solutions All Rights Reserved Installation to the restrictions stated in the license agreement. ITT Visual Information Solutions reserves the right to make. SMACC. Copyright © 2000-2004, Spectral Sciences, Inc. and ITT Visual Information Solutions. All rights

  6. Multidimensional structured data visualization method and apparatus, text visualization method and apparatus, method and apparatus for visualizing and graphically navigating the world wide web, method and apparatus for visualizing hierarchies

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Risch, John S. (Kennewick, WA); Dowson, Scott T. (West Richland, WA); Hart, Michelle L. (Richland, WA); Hatley, Wes L. (Kennewick, WA)

    2008-05-13

    A method of displaying correlations among information objects comprises receiving a query against a database; obtaining a query result set; and generating a visualization representing the components of the result set, the visualization including one of a plane and line to represent a data field, nodes representing data values, and links showing correlations among fields and values. Other visualization methods and apparatus are disclosed.

  7. Multidimensional structured data visualization method and apparatus, text visualization method and apparatus, method and apparatus for visualizing and graphically navigating the world wide web, method and apparatus for visualizing hierarchies

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Risch, John S. (Kennewick, WA); Hart, Michelle L. (Richland, WA); Dowson, Scott T. (West Richland, WA)

    2012-03-06

    A method of displaying correlations among information objects includes receiving a query against a database; obtaining a query result set; and generating a visualization representing the components of the result set, the visualization including one of a plane and line to represent a data field, nodes representing data values, and links showing correlations among fields and values. Other visualization methods and apparatus are disclosed.

  8. Scatterplot3d an R package for Visualizing Multivariate Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gotelli, Nicholas J.

    Scatterplot3d ­ an R package for Visualizing Multivariate Data Uwe Ligges and Martin M Software: Ligges, U. and M¨achler, M. (2003): Scatterplot3d ­ an R Package for Visualizing Multivariate for the visualization of multivariate data in a three dimensional space. R is a "language for data analysis and graphics

  9. Using Interactive Design Activity Visualizations for Supporting Collaborative Sketching Sessions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reiterer, Harald

    limiting the control such a trained professional can have over the group activity. Figure 1. Our system combines digital pen & paper and interactive design activity visualizations. In our research, we have visualizations. Therefore, our system combines digital pen & paper tools with interactive visualizations that can

  10. Visualizing the supersonic flow around a microvortex generator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Arlington, University of

    Visualizing the supersonic flow around a microvortex generator F.K. Lu, A.P. Pierce, P.J. Gonzalez, and Y. Shih 1 Introduction Fig. 1 Schematic of MVGs. Microvortex generators (MVGs) have been proposed very similar. #12;Visualizing the supersonic flow around a microvortex generator 3 2.2 Visualization

  11. Techniques for Interactive and Interrogative Scientific Volumetric Visualization Robert Haimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peraire, Jaime

    Techniques for Interactive and Interrogative Scientific Volumetric Visualization Robert Haimes­interactive visualization environment for the investigation and interrogation of 3D volumetric sci­ entific data. First probes) which have proven to be very useful in the interrogation of volumetric data [3]. VISUAL3 allows

  12. Lignin Valorization-final-sm

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResourcelogo and-E C H2015Tray and Enclosure |Discovering

  13. Seeing and Visualizing: It's not what you think Zenon Pylyshyn 8/30/2006 i

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pylyshyn, Zenon

    ? ................................................................................1-3 1.3.1 The richness of visual appearances and the poverty of visual information

  14. Visualizations for Real-time Pricing Demonstration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marinovici, Maria C.; Hammerstrom, Janelle L.; Widergren, Steven E.; Dayley, Greg K.

    2014-10-13

    In this paper, the visualization tools created for monitoring the operations of a real-time pricing demonstration system that runs at a distribution feeder level are presented. The information these tools provide gives insights into demand behavior from automated price responsive devices, distribution feeder characteristics, impact of weather on system’s development, and other significant dynamics. Given the large number of devices that bid into a feeder-level real-time electricity market, new techniques are explored to summarize the present state of the system and contrast that with previous trends as well as future projections. To better understand the system behavior and correctly inform decision-making procedures, effective visualization of the data is imperative.

  15. Topological Cacti: Visualizing Contour-based Statistics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weber, Gunther H.; Bremer, Peer-Timo; Pascucci, Valerio

    2011-05-26

    Contours, the connected components of level sets, play an important role in understanding the global structure of a scalar field. In particular their nestingbehavior and topology-often represented in form of a contour tree-have been used extensively for visualization and analysis. However, traditional contour trees onlyencode structural properties like number of contours or the nesting of contours, but little quantitative information such as volume or other statistics. Here we use thesegmentation implied by a contour tree to compute a large number of per-contour (interval) based statistics of both the function defining the contour tree as well asother co-located functions. We introduce a new visual metaphor for contour trees, called topological cacti, that extends the traditional toporrery display of acontour tree to display additional quantitative information as width of the cactus trunk and length of its spikes. We apply the new technique to scalar fields ofvarying dimension and different measures to demonstrate the effectiveness of the approach.

  16. Vision of a Visualization Tool for Commissioning 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Isakson, P.; Eriksson, J.

    2004-01-01

    VISUALIZATION TOOL FOR COMMISSIONING Per Isakson*, Jörgen Eriksson** * Building Sciences KTH, Stockholm SWEDEN. per.isakson@byv.kth.se ** ÅF-Installation, Göteborg, SWEDEN. jorgen.eriksson@af.se Summary. A prototype visualisation tool to display... commissioning and not the least proper operation and maintenance. Energy savings in the order of 5% to 15% may typically be realized by means of improved operation alone. This is already recognized by the industry, but several obstacles hamper a performance...

  17. A visual simulation playground for engineering dynamics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fong, Donald Brian

    2008-10-10

    Visual display of o set from local coordinate system : : : : : : : : : 44 30 Comma-separated values in Excel : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 45 31 Tutorial for spring-mass system : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 47 viii LIST OF TABLES... also includes user documentation and tutorials, providing users with a resource that is always available when they run into a roadblock while using the software. Figure 31 displays a screenshot of a step-by-step tutorial on how to create a spring...

  18. APPLYING SIMPLE TECHNOLOGY ACCOMPLISHES VISUAL INSPECTION CHALLENGES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robinson, C

    2007-07-21

    This paper discusses the successful implementation of simple video technologies at the Savannah River Site (SRS) to perform complex visual inspection, monitoring, and surveillance tasks. Because SRS facilities are similar to those of an industrial plant, the environmental and accessibility considerations for remote viewing are the primary determining factors in the selection of technology. The constraints and challenges associated with remote viewing are discussed, and examples of applications are given.

  19. Visualizing Electric Vehicle Sales | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OF APPLICABLEStatutoryinEnableVisualization & Controls Program

  20. Visual Analytics for Roof Savings Calculator Ensembles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, Chad [University of California, Davis] [University of California, Davis; New, Joshua Ryan [ORNL] [ORNL; Sanyal, Jibonananda [ORNL] [ORNL; Ma, Kwan-Liu [University of California, Davis] [University of California, Davis

    2012-01-01

    The Roof Savings Calculator (RSC) has been deployed for DOE as an industry-consensus, web-based tool for easily running complex building energy simulations. These simulations allow both homeowners and experts to determine building-specific cost and energy savings for modern roof and attic technologies. Using a database of over 3 million RSC simulations for different combinations of parameters, we have built a visual analytics tool to assist in the exploration and identification of features in the data. Since the database contains multiple variables, both categorical and continuous, we employ a coordinated multi-view approach that allows coordinated feature exploration through multiple visualizations at once. The main component of our system, a parallel coordinates view, has been adapted to handle large-scale, mixed data types as are found in RSC simulations. Other visualizations include map coordinated plots, high dynamic range (HDR) line plot rendering, and an intuitive user interface. We demonstrate these techniques with several use cases that have helped identify software and parametric simulation issues.

  1. Multivariate volume visualization through dynamic projections

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Shusen; Wang, Bei; Thiagarajan, Jayaraman J.; Bremer, Peer -Timo; Pascucci, Valerio

    2014-11-01

    We propose a multivariate volume visualization framework that tightly couples dynamic projections with a high-dimensional transfer function design for interactive volume visualization. We assume that the complex, high-dimensional data in the attribute space can be well-represented through a collection of low-dimensional linear subspaces, and embed the data points in a variety of 2D views created as projections onto these subspaces. Through dynamic projections, we present animated transitions between different views to help the user navigate and explore the attribute space for effective transfer function design. Our framework not only provides a more intuitive understanding of the attribute space but also allows the design of the transfer function under multiple dynamic views, which is more flexible than being restricted to a single static view of the data. For large volumetric datasets, we maintain interactivity during the transfer function design via intelligent sampling and scalable clustering. As a result, using examples in combustion and climate simulations, we demonstrate how our framework can be used to visualize interesting structures in the volumetric space.

  2. Radial velocities of southern visual multiple stars

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tokovinin, Andrei; Pribulla, Theodor; Fischer, Debra E-mail: pribulla@ta3.sk

    2015-01-01

    High-resolution spectra of visual multiple stars were taken in 2008–2009 to detect or confirm spectroscopic subsystems and to determine their orbits. Radial velocities of 93 late-type stars belonging to visual multiple systems were measured by numerical cross-correlation. We provide the individual velocities, the width, and the amplitude of the Gaussians that approximate the correlations. The new information on the multiple systems resulting from these data is discussed. We discovered double-lined binaries in HD 41742B, HD 56593C, and HD 122613AB, confirmed several other known subsystems, and constrained the existence of subsystems in some visual binaries where both components turned out to have similar velocities. The orbits of double-lined subsystems with periods of 148 and 13 days are computed for HD 104471 Aa,Ab and HD 210349 Aa,Ab, respectively. We estimate individual magnitudes and masses of the components in these triple systems and update the outer orbit of HD 104471 AB.

  3. Visual probes and methods for placing visual probes into subsurface areas

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Clark, Don T.; Erickson, Eugene E.; Casper, William L.; Everett, David M.

    2004-11-23

    Visual probes and methods for placing visual probes into subsurface areas in either contaminated or non-contaminated sites are described. In one implementation, the method includes driving at least a portion of a visual probe into the ground using direct push, sonic drilling, or a combination of direct push and sonic drilling. Such is accomplished without providing an open pathway for contaminants or fugitive gases to reach the surface. According to one implementation, the invention includes an entry segment configured for insertion into the ground or through difficult materials (e.g., concrete, steel, asphalt, metals, or items associated with waste), at least one extension segment configured to selectively couple with the entry segment, at least one push rod, and a pressure cap. Additional implementations are contemplated.

  4. Visual Patent Search | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al.,Turin,Village of Wellington,FL LLC Jump to: navigation,West,Visual

  5. Visualization of information with an established order

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wong, Pak Chung (Richland, WA); Foote, Harlan P. (Richmond, WA); Thomas, James J. (Richland, WA); Wong, Kwong-Kwok (Sugar Land, TX)

    2007-02-13

    Among the embodiments of the present invention is a system including one or more processors operable to access data representative of a biopolymer sequence of monomer units. The one or more processors are further operable to establish a pattern corresponding to at least one fractal curve and generate one or more output signals corresponding to a number of image elements each representative of one of the monomer units. Also included is a display device responsive to the one or more output signals to visualize the biopolymer sequence by displaying the image elements in accordance with the pattern.

  6. Watching Traffic for an Anomaly: Data Visualization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patwari, Neal

    -generated map -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 -2 -1.5 -1 -0.5 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 ATLA CHIN DNVR HSTN IPLS KSCY LOSA NYCM SNVA STTL WASH -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 ATLA CHIN DNVR HSTN IPLS KSCY LOSA [1] Plonka, D. "FlowScan: A Network Traffic Flow Reporting and Visualization Tool". In Proc. LISA

  7. Sequential pattern data mining and visualization

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wong, Pak Chung (Richland, WA); Jurrus, Elizabeth R. (Kennewick, WA); Cowley, Wendy E. (Benton City, WA); Foote, Harlan P. (Richland, WA); Thomas, James J. (Richland, WA)

    2011-12-06

    One or more processors (22) are operated to extract a number of different event identifiers therefrom. These processors (22) are further operable to determine a number a display locations each representative of one of the different identifiers and a corresponding time. The display locations are grouped into sets each corresponding to a different one of several event sequences (330a, 330b, 330c. 330d, 330e). An output is generated corresponding to a visualization (320) of the event sequences (330a, 330b, 330c, 330d, 330e).

  8. Sequential pattern data mining and visualization

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wong, Pak Chung (Richland, WA); Jurrus, Elizabeth R. (Kennewick, WA); Cowley, Wendy E. (Benton City, WA); Foote, Harlan P. (Richland, WA); Thomas, James J. (Richland, WA)

    2009-05-26

    One or more processors (22) are operated to extract a number of different event identifiers therefrom. These processors (22) are further operable to determine a number a display locations each representative of one of the different identifiers and a corresponding time. The display locations are grouped into sets each corresponding to a different one of several event sequences (330a, 330b, 330c. 330d, 330e). An output is generated corresponding to a visualization (320) of the event sequences (330a, 330b, 330c, 330d, 330e).

  9. Visual Patent Search - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDidDevelopmentat LENA|UpcomingVisit Us Download theVisual Patent Search

  10. Visual Patent Search Tool - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDidDevelopmentat LENA|UpcomingVisit Us Download theVisual Patent

  11. Visualization Clusters | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDidDevelopmentat LENA|UpcomingVisit Us Download theVisual

  12. Visualizing Brain Metals in Health and Disease

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking WithTelecentricN A CountyFeet) CooleyVisitorVisualizing Brain

  13. Web-based Visual Analytics for Extreme Scale Climate Science

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steed, Chad A [ORNL; Evans, Katherine J [ORNL; Harney, John F [ORNL; Jewell, Brian C [ORNL; Shipman, Galen M [ORNL; Smith, Brian E [ORNL; Thornton, Peter E [ORNL; Williams, Dean N. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we introduce a Web-based visual analytics framework for democratizing advanced visualization and analysis capabilities pertinent to large-scale earth system simulations. We address significant limitations of present climate data analysis tools such as tightly coupled dependencies, ineffi- cient data movements, complex user interfaces, and static visualizations. Our Web-based visual analytics framework removes critical barriers to the widespread accessibility and adoption of advanced scientific techniques. Using distributed connections to back-end diagnostics, we minimize data movements and leverage HPC platforms. We also mitigate system dependency issues by employing a RESTful interface. Our framework embraces the visual analytics paradigm via new visual navigation techniques for hierarchical parameter spaces, multi-scale representations, and interactive spatio-temporal data mining methods that retain details. Although generalizable to other science domains, the current work focuses on improving exploratory analysis of large-scale Community Land Model (CLM) and Community Atmosphere Model (CAM) simulations.

  14. 2011 IEEE Visualization Contest Winner: Visualizing Unsteady Vortical Behavior of a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , 2 Kaust ABSTRACT This work summarizes our results analyzing a centrifugal pump for the IEEE Visualization Contest 2011. The given data set represents a high resolution simulation of a centrifugal pump resolution simulations using different turbulence models of a centrifugal pump used to transport liquids

  15. Subcellular Topography of Visually Driven Dendritic Activity in the Vertebrate Visual System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engert, Florian

    Neuron Article Subcellular Topography of Visually Driven Dendritic Activity in the Vertebrate+ signals are heterogeneously distributed and topographi- cally biased across a developing dendritic tree to stimulus space. A possible topography of dendritic Ca2+ signaling may reflect the anatomical map

  16. Towards a Visual Perception System for Pipe Inspection: Monocular Visual Odometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , pipe crawler, visual odometry #12;Abstract Liquid Natural Gas (LNG) processing facilities contain large in LNG pipes include Magnetic Flux Leakage (MFL), radiography (X-rays), and ultrasound among others wall thickness over time the rate of corrosion can be estimated. For LNG pipes, unlike large mainstream

  17. 2006 VASDS Workshop Proceedings Re-Visualization: Interactive Visualization of the Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klippel, Alexander

    power of geographic visualization, it remains difficult for users of these tools to save, re-use, or re save basic data and layout settings. Since the interactivity of geovisualization is so critical to its. Low-level state changes are collected during analysis and saved into sessions. These sessions can

  18. A Novel Visualization Technique for Electric Power Grid Analytics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wong, Pak C.; Schneider, Kevin P.; Mackey, Patrick S.; Foote, Harlan P.; Chin, George; Guttromson, Ross T.; Thomas, James J.

    2009-05-01

    The application of information visualization holds tremendous promise for the electric power industry, and yet its potential has not been sufficiently exploited by the visualization community. Prior work on visualizing electric power systems has been limited to depicting raw or processed information on top of a geographic layout. Little effort has been devoted to maximize the analytical strengths naturally gained by the visualization itself. This paper introduces a visualization system prototype, known as GreenGrid, that explores the planning and monitoring of the North American Electricity Infrastructure. For the purposes of visualization, the power infrastructure can be described as a network of nodes and links. The nodes represent the electrical buses where generators and loads are connected, while the links represent the transmission lines that interconnect the buses. This paper focuses mainly on a customized technique within GreenGrid that is designed to visually identify abnormal characteristics of the electricity infrastructure. In particular, we examine an extreme event that occurred within the Western United States power grid on August 10, 1996. We compare our study results with the conclusion of the post-disturbance analysis and find that many of the disturbance characteristics can be readily identified with the proper form of visualization. The paper includes a lessons learned discussion to evaluate the visualization application.

  19. Visualizing the Behavior of Polar Domains and Screening Charges...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Visualizing the Behavior of Polar Domains and Screening Charges Under Electric and Mechanical Fields Event Sponsor: Mathematics and Computing Science - LANS Seminar Start Date: Sep...

  20. Visualization of Fuel Cell Water Transport and Performance Characteriz...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Characterization under Freezing Conditions Visualization of Fuel Cell Water Transport and Performance Characterization under Freezing Conditions Part of a 100 million...

  1. 9.036 The Visual System, Spring 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schiller, Peter H.

    The organization of the mammalian visual system and the manner in which shape, color, texture, motion, and depth are processed. Alternate years.

  2. A Nano-visualization software for education and research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oetting, Lillian C; Raza, Hassan

    2015-01-01

    We report the development of a user-friendly nano-visualization software program which can acquaint high-school students with nanotechnology. The visual introduction to atoms and molecules, which are the building blocks of this technology, is an effective way to introduce the key concepts in this area. The software's graphical user interface enables multidimensional atomic visualization by using ball and stick schematics. Additionally, the software provides the option of wavefunction visualization for arbitrary nanomaterials and nanostructures by using extended Huckel theory. The software is instructive, application oriented and may be useful not only in high school education but also for the undergraduate research and teaching.

  3. Visualization of Electric Power System Information: Workshop Proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kroposki, B.; Komomua, C.

    2013-01-01

    This report summarizes the workshop entitled: Visualization of Electric Power System Information. The workshop was held on September 11, 2012 on NREL's campus in Golden, Colorado.

  4. Capturing and Using Knowledge about the Use of Visualization Toolkits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Del Rio, Nicholas R.; Pinheiro da Silva, Paulo

    2012-11-02

    When constructing visualization pipelines using toolkits such as Visualization Toolkit (VTK) and Generic Mapping Tools (GMT), developers must understand (1) what toolkit operators will transform their data from its raw state to some required view state and (2) what viewers are available to present the generated view. Traditionally, developers learn about how to construct visualization pipelines by reading documentation and inspecting code examples, which can be costly in terms of the time and effort expended. Once an initial pipeline is constructed, developers may still have to undergo a trial and error process before a satisfactory visualization is generated. This paper presents the Visualization Knowledge Project (VisKo) that is built on a knowledge base of visualization toolkit operators and how they can be piped together to form visualization pipelines. Developers may now rely on VisKo to guide them when constructing visualization pipelines and in some cases, when VisKo has complete knowledge about some set of operators (i.e., sequencing and parameter settings), automatically generate a fully functional visualization pipeline.

  5. VISMASHUP: streamlining the creation of custom visualization applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ahrens, James P; Santos, Emanuele; Lins, Lauro; Freire, Juliana; Silva, Cl'audio T

    2010-01-01

    Visualization is essential for understanding the increasing volumes of digital data. However, the process required to create insightful visualizations is involved and time consuming. Although several visualization tools are available, including tools with sophisticated visual interfaces, they are out of reach for users who have little or no knowledge of visualization techniques and/or who do not have programming expertise. In this paper, we propose VISMASHUP, a new framework for streamlining the creation of customized visualization applications. Because these applications can be customized for very specific tasks, they can hide much of the complexity in a visualization specification and make it easier for users to explore visualizations by manipulating a small set of parameters. We describe the framework and how it supports the various tasks a designer needs to carry out to develop an application, from mining and exploring a set of visualization specifications (pipelines), to the creation of simplified views of the pipelines, and the automatic generation of the application and its interface. We also describe the implementation of the system and demonstrate its use in two real application scenarios.

  6. Visualizing Assembling Everything (2010 JGI/ANL HPC Workshop)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Jaffe, David; Gnerre, Sante

    2011-06-08

    David Jaffe and Sante Gnerre of the Broad Institute give a presentation on "Visualizing assembling everything" at the JGI/Argonne HPC Workshop on January 25, 2010.

  7. WSN-based Intelligent Visual Performance Management in Tropical Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwin, Chan; Szu Cheng, Chien; Boon-Hee, Soong; King Jet, Tseng

    2014-01-01

    Lin, and Y. C. Tseng, “A WSN-based intelligent light controlWSN-based Intelligent Visual Performance Management inprototypical implementation of WSN-based daylight-responsive

  8. Automatic Performance Visualization of Distributed Real-time systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harmon, Trevor; Klefstad, Raymond

    2006-01-01

    Automatic Performance Visualization of Distributed Real-Timepro?l- ing tools with automatic instrumentation and dataprocedure was not entirely automatic be- cause, as explained

  9. JColorGrid: software for the visualization of biological measurements.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joachimiak, Marcin P; Weisman, Jennifer L; May, Barnaby Ch

    2006-01-01

    BMC Bioinformatics Software BioMed CentralOpen Access JColorGrid: software for the visualization oftraditional statistical software packages. The effectiveness

  10. Linking Advanced Visualization and MATLAB for the Analysis of...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    about the spatial and temporal expression of genes in early Drosophila embryos at cellular resolution. The BDTNP team visualizes and analyzes Point-Cloud data using the...

  11. Lightweight social communication using visual media and mobile phones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cowan, Lisa G.

    2011-01-01

    projected displays of mobile devices. Proc. INTERACT, pagestouch: A see-through mobile device. In Proceedings of theusing visual media and mobile devices. We considered the

  12. From Question Answering to Visual Exploration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McColgin, Dave W.; Gregory, Michelle L.; Hetzler, Elizabeth G.; Turner, Alan E.

    2006-08-11

    Research in Question Answering has focused on the quality of information retrieval or extraction using the metrics of precision and recall to judge success; these metrics drive toward finding the specific best answer(s) and are best supportive of a lookup type of search. These do not address the opportunity that users? natural language questions present for exploratory interactions. In this paper, we present an integrated Question Answering environment that combines a visual analytics tool for unstructured text and a state-of-the-art query expansion tool designed to compliment the cognitive processes associated with an information analysts work flow. Analysts are seldom looking for factoid answers to simple questions; their information needs are much more complex in that they may be interested in patterns of answers over time, conflicting information, and even related non-answer data may be critical to learning about a problem or reaching prudent conclusions. In our visual analytics tool, questions result in a comprehensive answer space that allows users to explore the variety within the answers and spot related information in the rest of the data. The exploratory nature of the dialog between the user and this system requires tailored evaluation methods that better address the evolving user goals and counter cognitive biases inherent to exploratory search tasks.

  13. Visual Analytics for Power Grid Contingency Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wong, Pak C.; Huang, Zhenyu; Chen, Yousu; Mackey, Patrick S.; Jin, Shuangshuang

    2014-01-20

    Contingency analysis is the process of employing different measures to model scenarios, analyze them, and then derive the best response to remove the threats. This application paper focuses on a class of contingency analysis problems found in the power grid management system. A power grid is a geographically distributed interconnected transmission network that transmits and delivers electricity from generators to end users. The power grid contingency analysis problem is increasingly important because of both the growing size of the underlying raw data that need to be analyzed and the urgency to deliver working solutions in an aggressive timeframe. Failure to do so may bring significant financial, economic, and security impacts to all parties involved and the society at large. The paper presents a scalable visual analytics pipeline that transforms about 100 million contingency scenarios to a manageable size and form for grid operators to examine different scenarios and come up with preventive or mitigation strategies to address the problems in a predictive and timely manner. Great attention is given to the computational scalability, information scalability, visual scalability, and display scalability issues surrounding the data analytics pipeline. Most of the large-scale computation requirements of our work are conducted on a Cray XMT multi-threaded parallel computer. The paper demonstrates a number of examples using western North American power grid models and data.

  14. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Interactive visual supports for children with autism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayes, Gillian R.

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Interactive visual supports for children with autism Gillian R. Hayes · Sen Hirano access at Springerlink.com Abstract Interventions to support children with autism often include the use visual supports are effective in helping to diminish many of the challenges of autism, they are difficult

  15. Visual Interfaces to Digital Libraries Its Past, Present, and Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Börner, Katy

    Visual Interfaces to Digital Libraries ­ Its Past, Present, and Future Katy Börner School libraries is an integral part to the advances of digital libraries. A wide range of approaches have been in digital libraries). Generally, information visualization examines semantic relationships intrinsic

  16. An Application-Independent System for Visualizing User Operation History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Igarashi, Takeo

    An Application-Independent System for Visualizing User Operation History Toshio Nakamura Department conventional interactive systems provide the user operation history only as a list of text commands. The text have been proposed. For example, the Chimera system [17] visualizes an operation history as a sequence

  17. Image Understanding Algorithms for Remote Visual Inspection of Aircraft Surfaces.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siegel, Mel

    inspection, in enhancing and recognizing surface cracks and corrosion from the live imagery of an aircraftImage Understanding Algorithms for Remote Visual Inspection of Aircraft Surfaces. Priyan Gunatilake Visual inspection is, by far, the most widely used method in aircraft surface inspection. We

  18. BLUE: An Interactive Visualization System for Categorical Data Technical Note

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kerbs, R. W.

    BLUE: An Interactive Visualization System for Categorical Data Technical Note Robert W. Kerbs. This paper introduces a prototype data visualization system, BLUE, to help induce meaningful decision trees from databases that contain primarily categorical attributes. BLUE is an interactive model creation

  19. Designing visualization tools for a distributed control architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kortenkamp, David

    Designing visualization tools for a distributed control architecture David Kortenkamp Metrica Inc of visualization tools for debugging and validating dis- tributed autonomous systems. These tools will let as they debug their autonomous systems. Traditional software debugging tools are not designed for distributed au

  20. A Visualization Application for the Mining Industry Using Standard Tools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1/1 A Visualization Application for the Mining Industry Using Standard Tools Steven J. Schafrik visualization tools for modeling an orebody, or a mining process such as loading and tramming. This is usually accomplished using commercial tools, such as mine design packages, process simulators, etc., that have a custom

  1. Visualization of Very Large Oceanography Time-Varying Volume Datasets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laidlaw, David

    Visualization of Very Large Oceanography Time-Varying Volume Datasets Sanghun Park1 , Chandrajit://grmanet.sogang.ac.kr/~ihm Abstract. This paper presents two visualization techniques suitable for huge oceanography time generated in the field of oceanography. The model has a resolution of 1/6 degree (2160 by 960 points

  2. DEVELOPING GIS VISUALIZATION WEB SERVICES FOR GEOPHYSICAL APPLICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DEVELOPING GIS VISUALIZATION WEB SERVICES FOR GEOPHYSICAL APPLICATIONS A. Sayar a,b. *, M. Pierce Commission II, WG II/2 KEY WORDS: GIS, Geophysics, Visualization, Internet/Web, Interoperability, Networks Information System (GIS) community. In this paper we will describe our group's efforts to implement GIS

  3. Visualization of a fish wake using tobacco mosaic virus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bush, John W.M.

    Visualization of a fish wake using tobacco mosaic virus David L. Hu, Lucy Mendel, and Brian Chan is that it is harmless to fish, providing a safe alternative for visualizing their wakes. The black neon tetra Fig. 1 of body length 3.6 cm maintains a steady position by flicking its fins and creating vortices. The fish

  4. Visual monitoring environments, such as intrusion detection systems, debugging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erbacher, Robert F.

    Abstract Visual monitoring environments, such as intrusion detection systems, debugging Database Visualization, On-Line Monitoring 1. Introduction Most environments developed by or with the aid environments, and feature extraction systems, require that a user familiar with the target domain examine, most

  5. Visual Unit Analysis: A Descriptive Approach to Landscape Assessment1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visual Unit Analysis: A Descriptive Approach to Landscape Assessment1 R. J. Tetlow, and S. R. J are critical. The Visual Unit concept appears to offer a logical and useful framework for description and evaluation. The concept subdivides landscape into coherent, spatially-defined units. This study extends

  6. The Evolution Matrix: Recovering Software Evolution using Software Visualization Techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lanza, Michele

    The Evolution Matrix: Recovering Software Evolution using Software Visualization Techniques Michele - ABSTRACT One of the major problems in software evolution is coping with the complexity which stems from and effective way to visualize the evolution of software systems which helps to recover the evolution of object

  7. New Developments in Surface Oil Flow Visualization Adam J. Pierce,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Arlington, University of

    over 10 s. Some investigators prefer kerosene which evaporates rapidly in the low pressure environmentNew Developments in Surface Oil Flow Visualization Adam J. Pierce, Frank K. Lu, Daniel S. Bryant imaging and image processing for studying flows is extended to surface oil flow visualization. The use

  8. Expressive Visualization and Rapid Interpretation of Seismic Volumes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Expressive Visualization and Rapid Interpretation of Seismic Volumes Daniel Patel Thesis, Christopher Giertsen, John Thurmond, Eduard Gr¨oller The Seismic Analyzer: Interpreting and Illustrating 2D of Seismic Data Published in: Vision, Modelling and Visualization (VMV) 2007 Authors: Daniel Patel

  9. Comparing Effects of Different Cinematic Visualization Strategies on Viewer Comprehension

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, R. Michael

    environment. As we know from our experiences as film-watchers, cinema is a powerful and effective medium for constructing cinematic discourse, i.e. communication of stories through the visual medium. We evaluate for communicating stories. Few in- telligent camera systems have been built in 3D environments for effective visual

  10. The Information Mural: Increasing Information Bandwidth in Visualizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stasko, John T.

    The Information Mural: Increasing Information Bandwidth in Visualizations Dean F. Jerding and John Abstract Information visualizations must allow users to browse information spaces and focus quickly on items of interest. Being able to see some representation of the entire information space provides

  11. Top-down facilitation of visual recognition , K. S. Kassam*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schacter, Daniel

    Top-down facilitation of visual recognition M. Bar* , K. S. Kassam*§ , A. S. Ghuman*§¶ , J. Boshyan gradually promote the role of top-down processing in recognition, but how such facilitation is triggered object recognition by initiating top-down processes projected from orbitofrontal to visual cortex

  12. Linear Utility Corridors--A Simulated Visual Field Trip1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linear Utility Corridors-- A Simulated Visual Field Trip1 Robert W. Ross, Jr. 2/ 1/ Presented utility corridors continuing to find their way across the American landscape, more and more people are becoming concerned about their ecological as well as visual impact. This paper examines "linear utility

  13. Analysis of Landscape Character for Visual Resource Management1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The systems package is based on data overlay concepts, statistical sampling of data, multiple resolutionAnalysis of Landscape Character for Visual Resource Management1 Paul F. Anderson 2/ 1/ Presented at the Conference on Applied Techniques for Analysis and Management of the Visual Resource, Incline Village, Nevada

  14. Brief article Investigating the visual span in comparative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pomplun, Marc

    , 1986; Rayner, 1998). The measurement of visual span size has been very in¯uential in reading research (e.g. McConkie & Rayner, 1975; Rayner & Bertera, 1979) and has recently been applied to visual search (Bertera & Rayner, 2000; Rayner & Fisher, 1987a,b; Reingold, Charness, Pomplun, & Stampe, 2001; see Rayner

  15. Visualizing Algorithms over the Web with the Publicationdriven Approach \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demetrescu, Camil

    Visualizing Algorithms over the Web with the Publication­driven Approach \\Lambda Camil Demetrescu x@istel.ing.unipg.it Abstract Algorithm animation over the Web is usually realized by designing ad­hoc Java applets that provide both the implementation and the visualization of specific algorithms. This approach has several

  16. A Visualization System for Correctness Proofs of Graph Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Metaxas, Takis

    A Visualization System for Correctness Proofs of Graph Algorithms P.A. Gloor1, D.B. Johnson2, F. Makedon2, P. Metaxas3 Feb. 28, 1993 Running head: Proof Visualization of Graph Algorithms Correspondence proofs of graph algorithms. The system has been demonstrated for a greedy algorithm, Prim's algorithm

  17. TextVis: An Integrated Visual Environment for Text Mining *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lindell, Yehuda

    TextVis: An Integrated Visual Environment for Text Mining * David Landau, Ronen Feldman, Yonatan University of Washington Seattle, WA zamir@cs.washington.edu Abstract. TextVis is a visual data mining system can be used to browse the collection. TextVis takes a multi­strategy approach to text mining

  18. Behavioral/Systems/Cognitive Visual Feedback Control of Hand Movements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knill, David C.

    Behavioral/Systems/Cognitive Visual Feedback Control of Hand Movements Jeffrey A. Saunders investigated what visual information contributes to on-line control of hand movements. It has been suggested.Weusedaperturbationmethod to determine the relative contributions of motion and position information to feedback control. Subjects

  19. Data Management/Visualization on the Grid at PPPL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Data Management/Visualization on the Grid at PPPL Scott A. Klasky Stephane Ethier Ravi Samtaney #12;The Problem · Simulations at NERSC generate GB's ­ TB's of data. · The transfer time for practical visualization is too long. ­ Using "standard" ftp, we get 600 KB/s. ­ GTC data is over 3TB, transfer time = 2

  20. Visualization of Density Variation in Lung Aristofanes C. Silva

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Endler, Markus

    Visualization of Density Variation in Lung Nodules Arist´ofanes C. Silva e-mail: ari-Rio Inf.MCC09/02 June, 2002 Abstract We propose a method for visualize lung nodule, in order to emphasize, limiar. #12;1 Introduction Lung cancer is known to be the form of cancer with the smallest survival rate

  1. Visual Sensitivity of River Recreation to Power Plants1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the sensitivity of river-related recreational activities to visual intrusion by large coal-fired power plants is determined for each landscape type. These visual absorption values are then mapped along the case study river The State of Minnesota anticipates the construction of a considerable number of large new coal-fired power

  2. A Parallel Visualization Pipeline for Terascale Earthquake Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Kwan-Liu

    A Parallel Visualization Pipeline for Terascale Earthquake Simulations Hongfeng Yu Kwan-Liu Ma welling@psc.edu ABSTRACT This paper presents a parallel visualization pipeline imple- mented earth- quake and reduce its risk to the general population. The 0 0-7695-2153-3/04 $20.00 (c)2004 IEEE

  3. Modelling the heart and visualization of simulated Roman Durikovic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Durikovic, Roman

    Modelling the heart and visualization of simulated wavefronts Roman Durikovic Daming Wei Department summarizes our experience in working with an anisotropic computer heart model. We propose the heart rotating- ing of the unknown mechanisms of heart disease. Keywords: heart model, heart visualization 1

  4. A Visualization Tool for Exploratory Analysis of Cyclic Multivariate Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ward, Matthew

    A Visualization Tool for Exploratory Analysis of Cyclic Multivariate Data MATTHEW O. WARD Worcester visualization tool for the qualita­ tive exploration of multivariate data that may exhibit cyclic or periodic behavior. Glyphs are used to encode each multivariate data point, and linear, stacked, and spiral glyph

  5. The Development of Cortical Sensitivity to Visual Word Forms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wandell, Brian A.

    The Development of Cortical Sensitivity to Visual Word Forms Michal Ben-Shachar1,2 , Robert F. Dougherty1 , Gayle K. Deutsch1 , and Brian A. Wandell1 Abstract The ability to extract visual word forms longitudinal fMRI study to chart individual changes in cortical sensitivity to written words as reading de

  6. Deconstructing and Restyling D3 Visualizations Jonathan Harper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Brien, James F.

    . of her webpage. A viewer might prefer to view a pie chart in the form of a bar chart so that it is easier. Author Keywords Visualization, chart understanding, restyling, D3 ACM Classification Keywords H.5 of a visualization. For instance, a colorblind viewer may need to shift the red and green marks in a chart to colors

  7. A Locus in Human Extrastriate Cortex for Visual Shape Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kanwisher, Nancy

    Positron emission tomography (PET)was used to locate an area in human extrastriate cortex that subserves a specific component process of visual object recognition. Regional blood flow increased in a bilateral- tional brain imaging studies using PET and fMRI have discovered areas in human visual cortex that contain

  8. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Rapid geometric modeling for visual simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamat, Vineet R.

    presents a novel algorithm that enables the semi-automatic reconstruction of human-made structures (e in virtual or augmented reality visual simulations or for data acquisition in 3D geographic information building of surrounding structures in visual simulation of engineering processes. Keywords Animation Á

  9. Visualization and Computer Graphics on Isotropically Emissive Volumetric Displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maciejewski, Ross

    Visualization and Computer Graphics on Isotropically Emissive Volumetric Displays Benjamin Mora--The availability of commodity volumetric displays provides ordinary users with a new means of visualizing 3D data on isotropically emissive volumetric displays, delivering results that are much closer to what is traditionally

  10. Mirror: Visually reflecting C{sup ++}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Orosco, R.; Campo, M.; Sole, J.P.

    1995-12-31

    Reflection is the ability of a system to inspect and change a model of itself. This ability allows to transparently control and extend the functionality of an existing system without performing any changes to the system itself. In dynamic object-oriented languages like CLOS or Smalltalk. the reflective ability is supported directly by the language. In C++, in contrast, reflection must be provided by some form of code annotation and pre-processing. In most cases, this approach either requires modification of the system code, or just supports the reflection of entire classes but not the reflection of determined objects. This work presents the Mirror environment that supports C++ reflective programming through visual association of meta-classes to classes. It allows full transparent reflection of objects using three-dimensional presentations of the different architecture levels. The environment adds reflective ability to C++ classes without any code modification visible to the user, as well as dynamically selective reflection of objects.

  11. Overview Report: Normal and Emergency Operation Visualization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greitzer, Frank L.

    2011-05-01

    This is an overview report to document and illustrate methods used in a project entitled “Normal and Emergency Operations Visualization” for a utility company, conducted in 2009-2010 timeframe with funding from the utility company and the U.S. Department of Energy. The original final report (about 180 pages) for the project is not available for distribution because it alludes to findings that assessed the design of an operational system that contained proprietary information; this abridged version contains descriptions of methods and some findings to illustrate the approach used, while avoiding discussion of sensitive or proprietary information. The client has approved this abridged version of the report for unlimited distribution to give researchers and collaborators the benefit of reviewing the research concepts and methods that were applied in this study.

  12. Patent Overlay Mapping: Visualizing Technological Distance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kay, Luciano; Youtie, Jan; Porter, Alan L; Rafols, Ismael

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to present a new global patent map that represents all technological categories, and a method to locate patent data of individual organizations and technological fields on the global map. This second patent overlay map technique is shown to be of potential interest to support competitive intelligence and policy decision-making. The global patent map is based on similarities in citing-to-cited relationships between categories of the International Patent Classification (IPC) of European Patent Office (EPO) patents from 2000 to 2006. This patent dataset, extracted from PatStat database, represents more than 760,000 patent records in more than 400 IPC categories. To illustrate the kind of analytical support offered by this approach, the paper shows the overlay of nanotechnology-related patenting activities of two companies and two different nanotechnology subfields on to the global patent map. The exercise shows the potential of patent overlay maps to visualize technological areas and...

  13. Deep Neural Networks Rival the Representation of Primate IT Cortex for Core Visual Object Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cadieu, Charles

    The primate visual system achieves remarkable visual object recognition performance even in brief presentations, and under changes to object exemplar, geometric transformations, and background variation (a.k.a. core visual ...

  14. An Overview of Visualization techniques for the Analysis of Large datasets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gorban, Alexander N.

    ://www.cs.umd.edu/hcil/ #12;Visible Human - animation #12;Information Visualization · Compact graphical presentation ­ Large: ­ animation ­ software visualisation ­ visualisation environments ­ volume rendering and visualization ­ computer graphics ­ visual programming ­ image processing ­ virtual reality ­ Scientific Visualisation

  15. The role of cartographic visualizations to improve spatial cognition in geography fieldwork

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The role of cartographic visualizations to improve spatial cognition in geography fieldwork cognitive gains of geography fieldwork via cartographic visualizations Investigating the usability of cartography visualizations in the three stages of geography fieldwork #12;5 The best geographical knowledge

  16. Page 1 A dedicated binding mechanism for the visual control of movement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diedrichsen, Jörn

    Page 1 A dedicated binding mechanism for the visual control of movement results therefore suggest the existence of a dedicated visuo-motor binding mechanism visual target information · A dedicated visuo-motor binding mechanism links visual

  17. THE JOURNAL OF VISUALIZATION AND COMPUTER ANIMATION J. Visual. Comput. Animat. 2003; 14: 3141 (DOI: 10.1002/vis.303)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faraway, Julian

    an authentically moving virtual human within software such as Jack3 helps the designer detect problemsTHE JOURNAL OF VISUALIZATION AND COMPUTER ANIMATION J. Visual. Comput. Animat. 2003; 14: 31­41 (DOI Introduction Motion capture technology allows the collection of databases of human motions. We can collect data

  18. Applications of the Pipeline Environment for Visual Informatics and Genomics Computations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    for visual informatics and genomics computations. BMCfor visual informatics and genomics computations Ivo D DinovContemporary informatics and genomics research require

  19. Applications of the pipeline environment for visual informatics and genomics computations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    for visual informatics and genomics computations. BMCfor visual informatics and genomics computations Ivo D DinovContemporary informatics and genomics research require

  20. Big Data Analaysis and Visualization: What Do LINACS and Tropical Storms Have In Common?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bethel, E. Wes

    2013-01-01

    Big Data Analaysis and Visualization: What Do LINACS andof California. BIG DATA ANALYSIS AND VISUALIZATION: WHAT DOproblems. INTRODUCTION Big data and its attendant

  1. Hypervolume visualization: a challenge in simplicity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bajaj, C.L.; Pascucci, V.; Rabbiolo, G.; Schikore, D.R.

    1998-09-22

    Hyper-volume visualization is designed to provide simple and fully explanatory images that give comprehensive insights into the global structure of scalar fields of any dimension. The basic idea is to have a dimension independent viewing system that scales nicely with the geometric dimension of the dataset and that can be combined with classical approaches like isocontouring and animation of slices of n.D data. We completely abandon (for core simplicity) rendering techniques, such as hidden surface removal or lighting or radiosity, that enhance three dimensional realism and concentrate on the real-time display of images that highlight structural (topological) features of the nD dataset (holes, tunnels, cavities, depressions, extrema, etc). Hyper-volume visualization on the one hand is a generalization of direct parallel projection methods in volume rendering. To achieve efficiency (and real-time performance on a graphics workstation) we combine the advantages of (i) a hierarchical representations of the hyper-volume data for multiresolution display and (ii) generalized object space splatting combined with texture-mapped graphics hardware acceleration. The development of a system that implements display techniques for multidimensional datasets requires careful design of both algorithms and user interfaces that scale linearly with the dimension n of the input geometric space. This is a major challenge since straightforward generalizations of standard techniques that are suitable for display of 3D data yield exceedingly intricate interfaces. For example, a view manipulation graphical user interface is usually based on a rotation of the object about Cartesian rotation axes, with possibly unit quaternions internal representations for the rotation group. Unfortunately the number of independent rotation axes grows quadratically with dimension(three in 3D to six in 4D to ten in 5D to fifteen in 6D space). Going back to the basics of parallel projections, we develop an alternative scheme that is very simple to implement and immediately gives a view manipulation graphical user interface that scales linearly with the dimension. One can still utilize matrix or quaternion or higher dimensional rotational group representations, internally for calculations.The main results of our paper are thus both a multi-resolution direct rendering algorithm and scalable graphical user interface that provides insightfull global views of scalar fields in any dimension, while maintaining the fundamental characteristics of ease of use, and quick exploratory u

  2. Change Blindness in Information Visualization: A Case Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nowell, Lucille T.; Hetzler, Elizabeth G.; Tanasse, Theodore E.

    2001-08-20

    AbstractChange blindness occurs when people do not notice changes in visible elements of a scene. If people use an infor-mation visualization system to compare document collec-tion subsets partitioned by their time-stamps, change blind-ness makes it impossible for them to recognize even very major changes, let alone minor ones. We describe theories from cognitive science that account for the change blindness phenomenon, as well as solutions de-veloped for two visual analysis tools, a dot plot (SPIRE Galaxies) and landscape (ThemeView?) visualizations.

  3. Theoretical crystallography with the Advanced Visualization System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Younkin, C.R.; Thornton, E.N.; Nicholas, J.B.; Jones, D.R.; Hess, A.C.

    1993-05-01

    Space is an Application Visualization System (AVS) graphics module designed for crystallographic and molecular research. The program can handle molecules, two-dimensional periodic systems, and three-dimensional periodic systems, all referred to in the paper as models. Using several methods, the user can select atoms, groups of atoms, or entire molecules. Selections can be moved, copied, deleted, and merged. An important feature of Space is the crystallography component. The program allows the user to generate the unit cell from the asymmetric unit, manipulate the unit cell, and replicate it in three dimensions. Space includes the Buerger reduction algorithm which determines the asymmetric unit and the space group of highest symmetry of an input unit cell. Space also allows the user to display planes in the lattice based on Miller indices, and to cleave the crystal to expose the surface. The user can display important precalculated volumetric data in Space, such as electron densities and electrostatic surfaces. With a variety of methods, Space can compute the electrostatic potential of any chemical system based on input point charges.

  4. Guided Text Search Using Adaptive Visual Analytics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steed, Chad A; Symons, Christopher T; Senter, James K; DeNap, Frank A

    2012-10-01

    This research demonstrates the promise of augmenting interactive visualizations with semi- supervised machine learning techniques to improve the discovery of significant associations and insights in the search and analysis of textual information. More specifically, we have developed a system called Gryffin that hosts a unique collection of techniques that facilitate individualized investigative search pertaining to an ever-changing set of analytical questions over an indexed collection of open-source documents related to critical national infrastructure. The Gryffin client hosts dynamic displays of the search results via focus+context record listings, temporal timelines, term-frequency views, and multiple coordinate views. Furthermore, as the analyst interacts with the display, the interactions are recorded and used to label the search records. These labeled records are then used to drive semi-supervised machine learning algorithms that re-rank the unlabeled search records such that potentially relevant records are moved to the top of the record listing. Gryffin is described in the context of the daily tasks encountered at the US Department of Homeland Security s Fusion Center, with whom we are collaborating in its development. The resulting system is capable of addressing the analysts information overload that can be directly attributed to the deluge of information that must be addressed in the search and investigative analysis of textual information.

  5. Offset Masking in a Divided Visual Field Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, Keith

    2008-02-25

    A problem in divided visual field studies which use event-related potentials as a dependent measure is the large number of horizontal eye movements participants make during experimental trials. Past attention research ...

  6. A conceptional framework for rapid prototyping system for architectural visualization 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vanguri, Sarma

    1996-01-01

    Visualizing design through various mediums such as model building, rendering and drawing has always been the primary means of communication in the field of architecture. Recently, computer technology has became one of the important methods...

  7. Effects of Personalized Travel Destination Visual Image on Travel Motivation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Gwanggyu 1981-

    2012-11-12

    This study examines the personalization of shown travel destination visual images using professional photography upon travel motivations, feelings, and purchase intentions of consumers in the online environment. The research design was experimental...

  8. Modelling visual-olfactory integration in free-flying Drosophila 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stewart, Finlay J

    2010-01-01

    Flying fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster) locate a concealed appetitive odour source most accurately in environments containing vertical visual contrasts (Frye et al, 2003). To investigate how visuomotor and olfactory ...

  9. MICROWAVE IMAGING REFLECTOMETRY FOR THE VISUALIZATION OF TURBULENCE IN TOKAMAKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 MICROWAVE IMAGING REFLECTOMETRY FOR THE VISUALIZATION OF TURBULENCE IN TOKAMAKS E. Mazzucato of density fluctuations in tokamaks. The proposed method is based on microwave reflectometry and consists are discussed. Key words: Tokamak, anomalous transport, turbulent fluctuations, microwave imaging reflectometry

  10. Structural Monitoring System (SMS) and Visual System (VS)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Axis Communications, Inc. has developed network ready, environmentally tolerant, low-light level camera-visual systems (VS) with built-in pan and tilt mechanisms that permit remote monitoring of...

  11. Package Surface Blueprints: Visually Supporting the Understanding of Package Relationships

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ducasse, Stéphane

    Package Surface Blueprints: Visually Supporting the Understanding of Package Relationships Accepted Abstract Large object-oriented applications are structured over large number of packages. Packages...). Maintainers of large applications face the problem of understanding how packages are structured in general

  12. Visualizing Unsteady Vortical Behavior of a Centrifugal Pump Mathias Otto

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visualizing Unsteady Vortical Behavior of a Centrifugal Pump Mathias Otto University of Magdeburg. The given data represents a high resolution simulation of a centrifugal pump used to transport liquids

  13. The essential role of visualization for modeling nanotubes and nanodiamond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adler, Joan

    The essential role of visualization for modeling nanotubes and nanodiamond Joan Adler, T. Mutat, A of hydrocarbons in nanotubes, and the creation of nanodiamond from amorphous carbon under pressure. Interactive

  14. Display blocks : cubic displays for multi-perspective visualizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pla i Conesa, Pol

    2012-01-01

    This thesis details the design, execution and evaluation of a new type of display technology, known as Display Blocks. Display Blocks are a response to two major limitations of current displays: visualization and interaction. ...

  15. Visual Feedback in a Coordinated Hand-Eye System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woodham, Robert J.

    A system is proposed for the development of new techniques for the control and monitoring of a mechanical arm-hand. The use of visual feedback is seen to provide new interactive capabilities in a machine hand-eye system. ...

  16. Glyph-Based Generic Network Visualization Robert F. Erbacher

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erbacher, Robert F.

    for constant real-time monitoring of the network environment. Keywords: Information Visualization, Computer monitoring environment. The need for intrusion detection monitoring should be clear. Traffic monitoring network for their livelihood. Network managers and system administrators must monitor activity

  17. Visual Similarity Effects in Categorical Search Robert G. Alexander1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zelinsky, Greg

    Visual Similarity Effects in Categorical Search Robert G. Alexander1 (rgalexander Microsoft Corporation Abstract The factors affecting search guidance to categorical targets are largely classes, teddy bears and butterflies, affects search guidance. Experiment 1 used a web-based task

  18. SciDAC Visualization and Analytics Center for Enabling Technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joy, Kenneth I.

    2014-09-14

    This project focuses on leveraging scientific visualization and analytics software technology as an enabling technology for increasing scientific productivity and insight. Advances in computational technology have resulted in an "information big bang," which in turn has created a significant data understanding challenge. This challenge is widely acknowledged to be one of the primary bottlenecks in contemporary science. The vision for our Center is to respond directly to that challenge by adapting, extending, creating when necessary and deploying visualization and data understanding technologies for our science stakeholders. Using an organizational model as a Visualization and Analytics Center for Enabling Technologies (VACET), we are well positioned to be responsive to the needs of a diverse set of scientific stakeholders in a coordinated fashion using a range of visualization, mathematics, statistics, computer and computational science and data management technologies.

  19. Place recognition using near and far visual information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cadena, Cesar

    2013-05-15

    In this paper we show how to carry out robust place recognition using both near and far information provided by a stereo camera. Visual appearance is known to be very useful in place recognition tasks. In recent years, it ...

  20. John Papanikolas: Visualizing Charge Carrier Motion in Nanowires...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    John Papanikolas: Visualizing Charge Carrier Motion in Nanowires Using Femtosecond Pump-Probe Microscopy Apr 17, 2014 | 4:00 PM - 5:00 PM John Papanikolas Professor of Chemistry &...

  1. Eliot Feibush leads new Princeton consortium to visualize Big...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Eliot Feibush leads new Princeton consortium to visualize Big Data By John Greenwald April 22, 2015 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook Eliot Feibush (Photo by Elle...

  2. Transforming big data into knowledge : experimental techniques in dynamic visualization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kennedy, Stephen James, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01

    Information visualizations, especially those utilizing web-based platforms, are becoming an increasingly common medium for exchanging ideas. This emergent class of tools enabling web-based, interactive platforms for ...

  3. Interactive visualization of big data leveraging databases for scalable computation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Battle, Leilani Marie

    2013-01-01

    Modern database management systems (DBMS) have been designed to efficiently store, manage and perform computations on massive amounts of data. In contrast, many existing visualization systems do not scale seamlessly from ...

  4. Applying video magnification techniques to the visualization of blood flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Amy (Xiaoyu Amy)

    2015-01-01

    In this thesis, we investigate the use of video magnification for the visualization and assessment of blood flow. We address the challenge of low signal-to-noise ratios in video magnification by modeling the problem and ...

  5. Shaogang Gong and Tao Xiang VISUAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOUR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gong, Shaogang

    Shaogang Gong and Tao Xiang VISUAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOUR From Pixels to Semantics February 2011 Springer #12;#12;To Aleka, Philip and Alexander Shaogang Gong To Ning and Rachel Tao Xiang #12;#12;Preface

  6. High-dimensional design space visualization for conceptual structural design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mueller, Caitlin T

    2014-01-01

    This thesis focuses on visualizing high-dimensional design spaces for early-stage design problems in structural engineering and related disciplines. The design space, which is defined as the n + 1-dimensional surface that ...

  7. Selectivity and development of the visual word form area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, Li-Wei

    2013-01-01

    An area of left occipitotemporal cortex commonly referred to as the visual word form area (VWFA), has consistently been shown to activate during the processing of written language. However, the exact nature of the region's ...

  8. Multistream Articulatory Feature-Based Models for Visual Speech Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glass, James R.

    We study the problem of automatic visual speech recognition (VSR) using dynamic Bayesian network (DBN)-based models consisting of multiple sequences of hidden states, each corresponding to an articulatory feature (AF) such ...

  9. Numerical Modeling of Eastern Connecticut's Visual Resources1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Numerical Modeling of Eastern Connecticut's Visual Resources1 Daniel L. Civco 2/ l Submitted Conservation, The University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut. / Abstract: A numerical model capable of accurately predicting the preference for landscape photographs of selected points in eastern Connecticut

  10. Production system improvement : floor area reduction and visual management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Zhuling, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01

    This thesis suggests on the development process of a new layout design and visual management tools to improve the efficiency of a production line in a medical device company. Lean production philosophy and common lean ...

  11. Modern Scientific Visualization is more than Just Pretty Pictures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bethel, E Wes

    2009-01-01

    is More than Just Pretty Pictures E. Wes Bethel, Oliver R¨More than Just Pretty Pictures One of the major challengesMore than Just Pretty Pictures mensional visual information

  12. Femto-photography: capturing and visualizing the propagation of light

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Velten, Andreas

    We present femto-photography, a novel imaging technique to capture and visualize the propagation of light. With an effective exposure time of 1.85 picoseconds (ps) per frame, we reconstruct movies of ultrafast events at ...

  13. Planar visualization of phase objects using a focusing schlieren technique 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Dong-Ho

    1998-01-01

    A focusing schlieren technique has been designed and phics. constructed to examine planar images of optically thin phase objects including high-speed gas jets and flames. The conventional schlieren technique is a highly useful visualization method...

  14. Direct Visualization of Laser-Driven Focusing Shock Waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pezeril, Thomas

    Direct real-time visualization and measurement of laser-driven shock generation, propagation, and 2D focusing in a sample are demonstrated. A substantial increase of the pressure at the convergence of the cylindrical ...

  15. Flow visualization and leakage measurements of worn labyrinth seals 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Brian Frank

    1997-01-01

    A large-scale flow visualization test facility is used to conduct an experimental investigation into the leakage resistance and flow characteristics of worn labyrinth seals. Wear in labyrinth seals is a consequence of ...

  16. Large Data Visualization on Distributed Memory Mulit-GPU Clusters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Childs, Henry R.

    2010-03-01

    Data sets of immense size are regularly generated on large scale computing resources. Even among more traditional methods for acquisition of volume data, such as MRI and CT scanners, data which is too large to be effectively visualization on standard workstations is now commonplace. One solution to this problem is to employ a 'visualization cluster,' a small to medium scale cluster dedicated to performing visualization and analysis of massive data sets generated on larger scale supercomputers. These clusters are designed to fit a different need than traditional supercomputers, and therefore their design mandates different hardware choices, such as increased memory, and more recently, graphics processing units (GPUs). While there has been much previous work on distributed memory visualization as well as GPU visualization, there is a relative dearth of algorithms which effectively use GPUs at a large scale in a distributed memory environment. In this work, we study a common visualization technique in a GPU-accelerated, distributed memory setting, and present performance characteristics when scaling to extremely large data sets.

  17. Primary Chinese Semantic-Phonetic Compounds Pronunciation Rules Mining and Visualization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    confidence) (scatter plot) (graph-based visualization)(parallel coordinates plots) (double decker plot

  18. G E O M A T I C A VISUAL MODELLING OF SPATIAL DATABASES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G E O M A T I C A VISUAL MODELLING OF SPATIAL DATABASES: TOWARDS SPATIAL PVL AND UML - Yvan Bédard of the art in spatial database modelling. In particular, it discusses visual languages and related research of visual database modelling. Visual database modelling helps us to under- stand and to describe more

  19. Demonstration of artificial visual percepts generated through thalamic microstimulation John S. Pezaris, and R. Clay Reid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reid, R. Clay

    Demonstration of artificial visual percepts generated through thalamic microstimulation John S.pnas.org/misc/reprints.shtml To order reprints, see: Notes: #12;Demonstration of artificial visual percepts generated through thalamic into the visual path, the hope is that an analogue of vision can be created. Research efforts in visual prostheses

  20. Texas A&M Information Technology Audio Visual Surveillance Technology Committee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas A&M Information Technology Audio Visual Surveillance Technology Committee Audio Visual;Texas A&M Information Technology Audio Visual Surveillance Technology Committee Audio Visual Surveillance Technology Installation/Activation Request Page 1 of 2 In accordance with Texas A&M's Standard

  1. SUBGROUP VISUALIZATION Petra Kralj(1), Nada Lavrac(1,2), Blaz Zupan (3,4)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Novak, Petra Kralj

    and visualization is presented. 2 SUBGROUP VISUALIZATION BY PIE CHARTS Slices of pie charts are the most common way visualization by pie chart consists of a two level pie for each subgroup. The base pie represents subgroup. An example of five subgroups visualized by pie chart is presented in Figure 1. Figure 1: Subgroup

  2. Visualization of Tokamak Operational Spaces Through the Projection of Data Probability Distributions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visualization of Tokamak Operational Spaces Through the Projection of Data Probability Distributions

  3. APPLICATION OF THE pV3 COPROCESSING VISUALIZATION ENVIRONMENT TO 3D UNSTRUCTURED MESH CALCULATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peraire, Jaime

    APPLICATION OF THE pV3 CO­PROCESSING VISUALIZATION ENVIRONMENT TO 3­D UNSTRUCTURED MESH Moffett Field, CA 94035 barth@nas.nasa.gov (415) 604­6740 Introduction The pV3 visualization system­domain. The Visualization System pV3[2] is a complete distributed CFD­style visualization package. It is new, but builds

  4. The Ultra-scale Visualization Climate Data Analysis Tools (UV-CDAT): Data Analysis and Visualization for Geoscience Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, Dean; Doutriaux, Charles; Patchett, John; Williams, Sean; Shipman, Galen; Miller, Ross; Steed, Chad; Krishnan, Harinarayan; Silva, Claudio; Chaudhary, Aashish; Bremer, Peer-Timo; Pugmire, David; Bethel, E. Wes; Childs, Hank; Prabhat, Mr.; Geveci, Berk; Bauer, Andrew; Pletzer, Alexander; Poco, Jorge; Ellqvist, Tommy; Santos, Emanuele; Potter, Gerald; Smith, Brian; Maxwell, Thomas; Kindig, David; Koop, David

    2013-05-01

    To support interactive visualization and analysis of complex, large-scale climate data sets, UV-CDAT integrates a powerful set of scientific computing libraries and applications to foster more efficient knowledge discovery. Connected through a provenance framework, the UV-CDAT components can be loosely coupled for fast integration or tightly coupled for greater functionality and communication with other components. This framework addresses many challenges in the interactive visual analysis of distributed large-scale data for the climate community.

  5. Interaction between visual attention and the processing of visual emotional stimuli in humans : eye-tracking, behavioural and event-related potential experiments 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acunzo, David Jean Pascal

    2013-11-28

    Past research has shown that the processing of emotional visual stimuli and visual attention are tightly linked together. In particular, emotional stimuli processing can modulate attention, and, reciprocally, the processing ...

  6. Short gamma-ray burst formation rate from BATSE data using E{sub p} -L{sub p} correlation and the minimum gravitational-wave event rate of a coalescing compact binary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yonetoku, Daisuke; Sawano, Tatsuya; Toyanago, Asuka [College of Science and Engineering, School of Mathematics and Physics, Kanazawa University, Kakuma, Kanazawa, Ishikawa 920-1192 (Japan); Nakamura, Takashi [Department of Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Takahashi, Keitaro, E-mail: yonetoku@astro.s.kanazawa-u.ac.jp, E-mail: takashi@tap.scphys.kyoto-u.ac.jp [Faculty of Science, Kumamoto University, Kurokami, Kumamoto 860-8555 (Japan)

    2014-07-01

    Using 72 short gamma-ray bursts (SGRBs) with well determined spectral data observed by BATSE, we determine their redshift and luminosity by applying the E{sub p} -L{sub p} correlation for SGRBs found by Tsutsui et al. For 53 SGRBs with an observed flux brighter than 4 × 10{sup –6} erg cm{sup –2} s{sup –1}, the cumulative redshift distribution up to z = 1 agrees well with that of 22 Swift SGRBs. This suggests that the redshift determination by the E{sub p} -L{sub p} correlation for SGRBs works well. The minimum event rate at z = 0 is estimated as R{sub on?axis}{sup min}=6.3{sub ?3.9}{sup +3.1}× 10{sup ?10} events Mpc{sup ?3} yr{sup ?1}, so that the minimum beaming angle is 0.°6-7.°8 assuming a merging rate of 10{sup –7}- 4 × 10{sup –6} events Mpc{sup –3} yr{sup –1} suggested from the binary pulsar data. Interestingly, this angle is consistent with that for SGRB 130603B of ?4°-8°. On the other hand, if we assume a beaming angle of ?6° suggested from four SGRBs with the observed beaming angle value, then the minimum event rate including off-axis SGRBs is estimated as R{sub all}{sup min}=1.15{sub ?0.66}{sup +0.56} × 10{sup ?7} events Mpc{sup ?3} yr{sup ?1}. If SGRBs are induced by the coalescence of binary neutron stars (NSs) and/or black holes (BHs), then this event rate leads to a minimum gravitational-wave detection rate of 3.8{sub ?2.2}{sup +1.8} (146{sub ?83}{sup +71}) events yr{sup ?1} for an NS-NS (NS-BH) binary, respectively, by a worldwide network with KAGRA, advanced-LIGO, advanced-VIRGO, and GEO.

  7. Visual Data Analysis as an Integral Part of Environmental Management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyer, Joerg; Bethel, E. Wes; Horsman, Jennifer L.; Hubbard, Susan S.; Krishnan, Harinarayan; Romosan,, Alexandru; Keating, Elizabeth H.; Monroe, Laura; Strelitz, Richard; Moore, Phil; Taylor, Glenn; Torkian, Ben; Johnson, Timothy C.; Gorton, Ian

    2012-10-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Environmental Management (DOE/EM) currently supports an effort to understand and predict the fate of nuclear contaminants and their transport in natural and engineered systems. Geologists, hydrologists, physicists and computer scientists are working together to create models of existing nuclear waste sites, to simulate their behavior and to extrapolate it into the future. We use visualization as an integral part in each step of this process. In the first step, visualization is used to verify model setup and to estimate critical parameters. High-performance computing simulations of contaminant transport produces massive amounts of data, which is then analyzed using visualization software specifically designed for parallel processing of large amounts of structured and unstructured data. Finally, simulation results are validated by comparing simulation results to measured current and historical field data. We describe in this article how visual analysis is used as an integral part of the decision-making process in the planning of ongoing and future treatment options for the contaminated nuclear waste sites. Lessons learned from visually analyzing our large-scale simulation runs will also have an impact on deciding on treatment measures for other contaminated sites.

  8. Coalescence and Chemical Equilibrium in Multifragmentation at...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Studies on Isoscalar Giant Resonances, Bency John, at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India, (January 2002). Giant Monopole Resonance in Sn and cd Isotopes, Y. -W. Lui, H....

  9. From agglomerates to aggregates by sintering coalescence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daraio, Chiara

    , Geophysical Institute. U.S. Geological Survey. Power Plant Ply ash AluminoSilicate, by Esther Coz of CIEMAT

  10. A Regularized Graph Layout Framework for Dynamic Network Visualization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Kevin S; Hero, Alfred O

    2012-01-01

    Many real-world networks, including social and information networks, are dynamic structures that evolve over time. Such dynamic networks are typically visualized using a sequence of static graph layouts. In addition to providing a visual representation of the network topology at each time step, the sequence should preserve the mental map between layouts of consecutive time steps to allow a human to interpret the temporal evolution of the network. In this paper, we propose a framework for dynamic network visualization using regularized graph layouts. Regularization encourages stability of the layouts over time, thus preserving the mental map. The proposed framework involves optimizing a modified cost function that augments the cost function of a static graph layout algorithm with a grouping penalty, which encourages nodes to stay close to other nodes belonging to the same group, and a temporal penalty, which encourages smooth movements of the nodes over time. We introduce two dynamic layout algorithms under th...

  11. Interactive visualization of particle beams for accelerator design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilson, Brett; Ma, Kwan-Liu; Qiang, Ji; Ryne, Robert

    2002-01-15

    We describe a hybrid data-representation and rendering technique for visualizing large-scale particle data generated from numerical modeling of beam dynamics. The basis of the technique is mixing volume rendering and point rendering according to particle density distribution, visibility, and the user's instruction. A hierarchical representation of the data is created on a parallel computer, allowing real-time partitioning into high-density areas for volume rendering, and low-density areas for point rendering. This allows the beam to be interactively visualized while preserving the fine structure usually visible only with slow point based rendering techniques.

  12. Visualizing OpenEI Data | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company)Idaho) JumpWinside,Visualization HomeVisualizing OpenEI

  13. : Topological Data Mining for Analyzing and Visualizing Complexities : 2009 12 10 10:30am-12:00pm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    computer visualization, visual perception modeling, geometric modeling, and geographical information on Visualization and Computer Graphics (Proceedings of IEEE Visualization / Information Visualization 2009), Vol systems. He received the Most Cited Paper Award for Graphical Models (2004-2006) from Elsevier in 2007

  14. Ultrascale Visualization Climate Data Analysis Tools (UV-CDAT): Semi-Annual Progress Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, D N

    2012-02-29

    This report summarizes work carried out by the Ultrascale Visualization Climate Data Analysis Tools (UV-CDAT) Team for the period of July 1, 2011 through December 31, 2011. It discusses highlights, overall progress, period goals, and collaborations and lists papers and presentations. The UV-CDAT team is positioned to address the following high-level visualization requirements: (1) Alternative parallel streaming statistics and analysis pipelines - Data parallelism, Task parallelism, Visualization parallelism; (2) Optimized parallel input/output (I/O); (3) Remote interactive execution; (4) Advanced intercomparison visualization; (5) Data provenance processing and capture; and (6) Interfaces for scientists - Workflow data analysis and visualization construction tools, Visualization interfaces.

  15. A common path forward for the immersive visualization community

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eric A. Wernert; William R. Sherman; Patrick O'Leary; Eric Whiting

    2012-03-01

    Immersive visualization makes use of the medium of virtual reality (VR) - it is a subset of virtual reality focused on the application of VR technologies to scientific and information visualization. As the name implies, there is a particular focus on the physically immersive aspect of VR that more fully engages the perceptual and kinesthetic capabilities of the scientist with the goal of producing greater insight. The immersive visualization community is uniquely positioned to address the analysis needs of the wide spectrum of domain scientists who are becoming increasingly overwhelmed by data. The outputs of computational science simulations and high-resolution sensors are creating a data deluge. Data is coming in faster than it can be analyzed, and there are countless opportunities for discovery that are missed as the data speeds by. By more fully utilizing the scientists visual and other sensory systems, and by offering a more natural user interface with which to interact with computer-generated representations, immersive visualization offers great promise in taming this data torrent. However, increasing the adoption of immersive visualization in scientific research communities can only happen by simultaneously lowering the engagement threshold while raising the measurable benefits of adoption. Scientists time spent immersed with their data will thus be rewarded with higher productivity, deeper insight, and improved creativity. Immersive visualization ties together technologies and methodologies from a variety of related but frequently disjoint areas, including hardware, software and human-computer interaction (HCI) disciplines. In many ways, hardware is a solved problem. There are well established technologies including large walk-in systems such as the CAVE{trademark} and head-based systems such as the Wide-5{trademark}. The advent of new consumer-level technologies now enable an entirely new generation of immersive displays, with smaller footprints and costs, widening the potential consumer base. While one would be hard-pressed to call software a solved problem, we now understand considerably more about best practices for designing and developing sustainable, scalable software systems, and we have useful software examples that illuminate the way to even better implementations. As with any research endeavour, HCI will always be exploring new topics in interface design, but we now have a sizable knowledge base of the strengths and weaknesses of the human perceptual systems and we know how to design effective interfaces for immersive systems. So, in a research landscape with a clear need for better visualization and analysis tools, a methodology in immersive visualization that has been shown to effectively address some of those needs, and vastly improved supporting technologies and knowledge of hardware, software, and HCI, why hasn't immersive visualization 'caught on' more with scientists? What can we do as a community of immersive visualization researchers and practitioners to facilitate greater adoption by scientific communities so as to make the transition from 'the promise of virtual reality' to 'the reality of virtual reality'.

  16. Visualizing criminal networks reconstructed from mobile phone records

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrara, Emilio

    Visualizing criminal networks reconstructed from mobile phone records Emilio Ferrara School and the organization of criminal networks is of fundamental importance for both the investi- gations informative sources includ- ing the records of phone traffic, the social networks, surveil- lance data

  17. Generic Image Classification Using Visual Knowledge on the Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanai, Keiji

    mining, image gathering, image classification 1. INTRODUCTION Permission to make digital or hard copiesGeneric Image Classification Using Visual Knowledge on the Web Keiji Yanai Department of Computer@cs.uec.ac.jp ABSTRACT In this paper, we describe a generic image classification sys- tem with an automatic knowledge

  18. Visual Tracking of Laparoscopic Instruments in Standard Training

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faloutsos, Petros

    Visual Tracking of Laparoscopic Instruments in Standard Training Environments Brian F. ALLEN. We propose a method for accurately tracking the spatial mo- tion of standard laparoscopic instruments requires no modifications to the standard FLS training box, camera or instruments. Keywords. Laparoscopic

  19. INTRAMODAL AND INTERMODAL FUSION FOR AUDIO-VISUAL BIOMETRIC AUTHENTICATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mak, Man-Wai

    consensus that it is vital to utilize mul- tiple modalities (e.g. visual, infrared, acoustic, chemical sensors, etc.). In order to cope with the limitations of individual biometrics, researchers have proposed- ples and the prior knowledge of the score statistics. Evaluations of this multi-sample fusion technique

  20. The visual perception of 3D shapeq James T. Todd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Todd, James T.

    uninterpretable patterns of light are the primary source of sensory information about the arrangement of objects a property of the physical environment, Figure 1. Some possible sources of visual information information. One of the most remarkable phenomena in the study of human vision is the ability of observers

  1. Completing an Honors Thesis in Visual Arts Honors Thesis Expectations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinez, Tony R.

    Completing an Honors Thesis in Visual Arts Honors Thesis Expectations An Honors thesis scholarship in your chosen area. This means that your thesis will probably be the most involved thesis, but it will usually contain both a review of scholarship in the field, as well as your own

  2. A Construction for Computer Visualization Certain Complex Curves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    A Construction for Computer Visualization of Certain Complex Curves Andrew J. Hanson Computer representation of a manifold's geometry. Driven by this motivation, we found an extremely use- ful construction variables. Our construction is ideally suited for interactive computer graphics systems; in addition

  3. Building Visual Knowledge in a `Cinematic Hypertext' authoring environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shipman, Frank

    1 Building Visual Knowledge in a `Cinematic Hypertext' authoring environment Clara Mancini them, the cinematic medium is the closest to hypertext and the analogy between cinema and hypertext in general1 has been pointed out in more than one occasion [3,7,8]. In particular, though, cinematic language

  4. Cartoon Noir: A Comparative Study of Visual Parody 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mallikarjunaiah, Bhuvana

    2011-02-22

    IV.1.1. Visual Characteristics ............................................... 24 IV.2. Film Noir Lighting Style and Camera Composition ............. 31 IV.2.1. Murder My Sweet (1944) .......................................... 31... ...................................................... 25 6. Comparing shadow patterns. (a) Murder My Sweet 1944, (b) My Favorite Brunette 1947 ................................................................... 26 7. My Favorite Brunette 1947, venetian blinds...

  5. A Geoscience Perspective on Immersive 3D Gridded Data Visualization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamann, Bernd

    , interactive exploration Preprint submitted to Elsevier 14 November 2007 #12;a) Seismic tomography & grid faces, that was developed specifically for interactive, visual exploration in immersive virtual reality (VR) environments b) Seismic tomography & world map d) Alaska slab isosurface & streamlinesc) Alaska slab color slices

  6. Exploiting Visualization and Direct Manipulation to Make Parallel Tools More

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pancake, Cherri M.

    Exploiting Visualization and Direct Manipulation to Make Parallel Tools More Communicative Cherri M@cs.orst.edu http://www.cs.orst.edu/ pancake Abstract. Parallel tools rely on graphical techniques to improve be exploited in parallel tools, in order to improve the naturalness with which the user interacts

  7. THREE DIMENSIONAL VISUALIZATIONS FOR POWER SYSTEM CONTINGENCY ANALYSIS VOLTAGE DATA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    data. We visualize vulnerability levels of buses and severity information of outages separately arrangement. A typical CA models single element outage (one-transmission line or one-generator outage), multiple-element outage (two-transmission line outage, one transmission line and one generator outage, etc

  8. Visualizing Sparse Internet Events: Network Outages and Route Changes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heidemann, John

    Visualizing Sparse Internet Events: Network Outages and Route Changes Lin Quan · John Heidemann. To understand and man- age network events such as outages, route instability, and spam campaigns, they must- namics of network outages such as January 2011 Egyptian change of government, and the March 2011 Japanese

  9. Transactions in GIS Dynamic Modelling and Visualization on the Internet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Worboys, Mike

    1 Transactions in GIS Dynamic Modelling and Visualization on the Internet Bo Huang* and Michael F for GIS to incorporate dynamic analytic models. At the same time, there is a need to distribute results of dynamic GIS using the Internet. Therefore, this paper sets out to explore the implementation of dynamic

  10. NISTIR 5732 Calorimetric and Visual Measurements of R123

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    ) High-FluxTM , (3) GEWA-KTM , and (4) GEWA-TTM. The surfaces were either machined or soldered onto of nucleate boiling were also investigated. The boiling was visually recorded with 16 mm high speed film, enhanced heat transfer, porous surface, T-fin, trapezoidal-fin, R123, pool boiling, Turbo-BITM, High

  11. Visual Art BA, 2015-2016 Name ID# Date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    Visual Art BA, 2015-2016 Name ID# Date Course Number and Title Credits Completed InProgress Future Survey of Western Art I 3 DLL Literature and Humanities 3-4 DLS Social Sciences course in a first field 3 DLS Social Sciences course in a second field 3 ART 107, 108 Art Foundations I and II 6 ART 109

  12. The hierarchy of directional interactions in visual motion processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Curran, William

    The hierarchy of directional interactions in visual motion processing William Curran1,*, Colin W. G (Gre`zes et al. 2001), as well as the DAE (Kohn & Movshon 2004; Curran et al. 2006a; Wiese & Wenderoth 2007) and direction repulsion (Hiris & Blake 1996; Kim & Wilson 1997; Benton & Curran 2003; Grunewald

  13. Understanding Algorithms by Means of Visualized Path Testing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Finland Helsinki University of Technology P.O. Box 5400, FIN-02015 HUT, Finland {archie,tarhio}@cs.hut.fi 2 Department of Computer Science University of Joensuu, Finland sutinen@cs.joensuu.fi Abstract Technology Agency, Finland. S. Diehl (Ed.): Software Visualization, LNCS 2269, pp. 256­268, 2002. c Springer

  14. Human Factors Evaluation of Advanced Electric Power Grid Visualization Tools

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greitzer, Frank L.; Dauenhauer, Peter M.; Wierks, Tamara G.; Podmore, Robin

    2009-04-01

    This report describes initial human factors evaluation of four visualization tools (Graphical Contingency Analysis, Force Directed Graphs, Phasor State Estimator and Mode Meter/ Mode Shapes) developed by PNNL, and proposed test plans that may be implemented to evaluate their utility in scenario-based experiments.

  15. MICROWAVE IMAGING REFLECTOMETRY FOR THE VISUALIZATION OF TURBULENCE IN TOKAMAKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 MICROWAVE IMAGING REFLECTOMETRY FOR THE VISUALIZATION OF TURBULENCE IN TOKAMAKS E. Mazzucato of density fluctuations in tokamaks. The proposed method is based on microwave reflectometry and consists, and forming an image of the reflecting plasma layer onto a 2D array of microwave receivers. Based on results

  16. College of Visual and Performing Arts Setnor School of Music

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McConnell, Terry

    Syracuse University College of Visual and Performing Arts Setnor School of Music #12;Rebecca Zeller take the stage in Setnor Auditorium. make your mark #12;Why The Setnor School of Music? Committed, Jules R., and Stanford S.Setnor School of Music at Syracuse University offers an extraordinary range

  17. Seismic Volume Visualization for Horizon Extraction Daniel Patel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    present a novel system for rapidly interpret- ing and visualizing seismic volumetric data. First we to seismic data interpretation. Keywords: Seismic interpretation, Seismic horizons, Volume ren- dering hydrocarbons are trapped. In this paper we present a system for rapid interpretation of seismic reflection

  18. Computation and representation in the primate visual system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simoncelli, Eero

    ; Matt Haxby and Mike Brotzman, for the nights playing video games; and Anne Lind, for supportComputation and representation in the primate visual system Jeremy Freeman A dissertation submitted, and Peter Li. Each taught me to think in a new way. And thanks to my family, for encouraging my passions

  19. Tools for Visual Information Management in Geographical and Biomedical Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    management, and geographic information systems (GIS). They are also examples of the type of small and nimbleTools for Visual Information Management in Geographical and Biomedical Applications IRIS Phase III, and medical information systems. The proposed research in image database query, geometric information

  20. Generalized Streak Lines: Analysis and Visualization of Boundary Induced Vortices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tricoche, Xavier

    fluid flow datasets from computational fluid dynamics simulations. Index Terms--Skin friction INTRODUCTION Simulation and visualization of fluid flows plays an important role dur- ing the design process on the drag coefficient, which affects fuel efficiency and overall vehi- cle performance. In turbines