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1

Vision  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

  background Draft 2-5-06 2 Draft 2-5-06 2 vision this section forms the programmatic basis for the lrdp in three parts: scientific Vision space and Population Projections site and Facilities Vision 0 background Draft 2-5-06 vision b erkeley Lab has been the location of choice for lead- ing scientists for decades, resulting in the rich history of scientific achievement outlined in the prior section. The Laboratory is committed to continuously delivering in- novations in science and technology that address significant problems facing humankind and the environment. Figure 2.1 provides a sample of the Laboratory's scientific goals that ad- dress energy supply and use, models of living systems, and the nature of the universe.

2

Computation of Domain-Averaged Irradiance with a Simple Two-Stream Radiative Transfer Model Including Vertical Cloud Property Correlations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Computation of Domain-Averaged Irradiance Computation of Domain-Averaged Irradiance with a Simple Two-Stream Radiative Transfer Model Including Vertical Cloud Property Correlations S. Kato Center for Atmospheric Sciences Hampton University Hampton, Virginia Introduction Recent development of remote sensing instruments by Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM?) Program provides information of spatial and temporal variability of cloud structures. However it is not clear what cloud properties are required to express complicated cloud fields in a realistic way and how to use them in a relatively simple one-dimensional (1D) radiative transfer model to compute the domain averaged irradiance. To address this issue, a simple shortwave radiative transfer model that can treat the vertical cloud optical property correlation is developed. The model is based on the gamma-weighted

3

A Simple Parcel Method for Prediction of Cumulus Onset and Area-Averaged Cloud Amount over Heterogeneous Land Surfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this note is to compare several methods for predicting the onset and quantitative amount of cloud cover over heterogeneous land surfaces. Among the methods tested are that of Wilde et al. (1985) and a new, simple parcel approach. ...

Peter J. Wetzel

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Twitter vision  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Issue:November 2013 All Issues submit Twitter vision Twitter videos are helping computers learn how to see November 25, 2013 Twitter vision Twitter's exponentially growing...

5

Calibrating the Simple Biosphere Model for Amazonian Tropical Forest Using Field and Remote Sensing Data. Part I: Average Calibration with Field Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the operation and calibration of the simple biosphere model (SiB) of Sellers et al. using micrometeorological and hydrological measurements taken in and above tropical forest in the central Amazon basin. The paper provides:

Piers J. Sellers; W. James Shuttleworth; Jeff L. Dorman; Amnon Dalcher; John M. Roberts

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Dog vision  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Questions Referencing NEWTON About NEWTON About Ask A Scientist Education At Argonne Dog vision Name: Michelangelo Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: Why can dogs...

7

Animal vision  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Animal vision Name: the outlaw Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: Do cats see in black and white? What animals see in color? Replies: Yes, cats can see color; in...

8

Vision Research Foundations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vision Research Foundations National Alliance for Eye and Vision Research www.eyeresearch.org Foundation Fighting Blindness www.blindness.org Research to Prevent Blindess...

9

VISION 2008 User's Guide  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

VISION 2008 User's Guide VISION 2008 User's Guide ANL-08/34 Energy Systems Division VISION 2008 User's Guide ANL-08/34 User's Guide by J. Ward Vehicle Technologies Program, U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy VISION model by A. Vyas and M. Singh Transportation Technology R&D Center, Argonne National Laboratory October 2008 VISION 2008 User's Guide October 2008 i Table of Contents Copyright Notification .............................................................................................................................. ii List of Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................ iii

10

Vision Industries dba Vision Motor Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vision Motor Corp) Place Santa Monica, California Zip 90405 Product Santa Monica-based electric vehicle manufacturer. References Vision Industries (dba Vision Motor Corp)1...

11

New Vision front  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 3 United States Department of Energy Office of Electric Transmission and Distribution . . A National Vision for Electricity's Second 100 Years A National Vision for Electricity's Second 100 Years A National Vision for Electricity's Second 100 Years A National Vision for Electricity's Second 100 Years "GRID 2030" United States Department of Energy Office of Electric Transmission and Distribution . . Based on the Results of the National Electric System Vision Meeting Washington, DC April 2-3, 2003 July 2003 "GRID 2030" A NATIONAL VISION FOR ELECTRICITY'S SECOND 100 YEARS Transforming the Grid to Revolutionize Electric Power in North America i "Grid 2030" - A National Vision for Electricity's Second 100 Years A CALL FOR LEADERSHIP Accessible, abundant, and affordable electric power is one of the

12

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Iron and Steel  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

to a Climate VISION goal of achieving a 10 percent increase in sector-wide average energy efficiency by 2012 using a 2002 baseline. Read the U.S. Steel Industry Energy...

13

Computer Vision on Mars  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Increasing the level of spacecraft autonomy is essential for broadening the reach of solar system exploration. Computer vision has and will continue to play an important role in increasing autonomy of both spacecraft and Earth-based robotic vehicles. ... Keywords: obstacle detection, planetary exploration, slip prediction, stereo vision, visual odometry, visual velocity estimation

Larry Matthies; Mark Maimone; Andrew Johnson; Yang Cheng; Reg Willson; Carlos Villalpando; Steve Goldberg; Andres Huertas; Andrew Stein; Anelia Angelova

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Night vision | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2013 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for Night vision Citation Wikipedia. Night vision Internet. 2013. cited 2013...

15

PNNL: About - Mission and Vision  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mission, Vision, Values At PNNL, our mission is to transform the world through courageous discovery and innovation. It is our vision that PNNL science and technology will inspire...

16

Average Commercial Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Residential Price Average Commercial Price Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes...

17

AVERAGE SHIFTED HISTOGRAM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... LET YPPF = XCDF LET XPPF = YCDF. Default: None Synonyms: ASH is a synonym for the AVERAGE SHIFTED HISTOGRAM command. ...

2010-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

18

Climate VISION: Program Mission  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

PROGRAM MISSION PROGRAM MISSION Climate VISION - Voluntary Innovative Sector Initiatives: Opportunities Now - is a voluntary public-private partnership initiative to improve energy efficiency and greenhouse gas intensity in energy-intensive industrial sectors. Climate VISION - Voluntary Innovative Sector Initiatives: Opportunities Now - is a public-private partnership initiative launched by the Department of Energy on February 12, 2003. Its primary goal is to identify and pursue cost-effective options to improve the energy or GHG intensity of industry operations by accelerating the transition to technologies, practices, and processes that are cleaner, more efficient, and capable of reducing, capturing or sequestering GHGs. Climate VISION links these objectives with technology development,

19

Vision Loss: Visual Impairment and Vision Impairment | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vision Loss: Visual Impairment and Vision Impairment Vision Loss: Visual Impairment and Vision Impairment Vision Loss: Visual Impairment and Vision Impairment Visual impairment or vision impairment is vision loss that constitutes a significant limitation of visual capability resulting from disease, trauma, or a congenital or degenerative condition that cannot be corrected by conventional means, including refractive correction, medication, or surgery. Low Vision Anyone with non-correctable reduced vision is considered to be visually impaired, and can have a wide range of causes. Blindness Blindness is the condition of lacking visual perception due to physiological or psychological factors. Hearing Impairment Hearing impairment is a full or partial decrease in the ability to detect or understand sounds. Losing the ability to detect some frequencies, or

20

Vision based robot navigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis we propose a vision-based robot navigation system that constructs a high level topological representation of the world. A robot using this system learns to recognize rooms and spaces by building a hidden ...

Roth, Daniel R. (Daniel Risner), 1979-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vision simple average" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Perspective: California's vision  

SciTech Connect

This article describes California regulators' attempts to create regulations which would reflect a vision of the future of the electric industry. Some things that must be considered are retail wheeling, incentive regulation, simplified regulations, and promoting competitiveness of utilities.

Eckert, P.M.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Avian Vision Perception  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This publication contains a review of the primary scientific literature on the functions of avian visual perception including photoreceptor function, signal processing, and the role of the neural pathways involved in deciphering and interpreting visual information.BackgroundVision is the primary pathway by which birds assess their environments. Their visual systems are the most complex within vertebrates. Because human vision is not capable of detecting and ...

2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

23

Group Vision Care Policy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vision Vision Care Policy Group Name: LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL SECURITY, LLC. RETIREES Group Number: 12284390 Divisions 0005 & 0006 Effective Date: JANUARY 1, 2011 EVIDENCE OF COVERAGE Provided by: VISION SERVICE PLAN INSURANCE COMPANY 3333 Quality Drive, Rancho Cordova, CA 95670 (916) 851-5000 (800) 877-7195 EOC NM 03/02 11/25/08 CLD In addition to the information contained in this Benefit Program Summary, the LANS Health & Welfare Benefit Plan for Retirees Summary Plan Description contains important information about your LANS health and welfare benefits. For additional information: For Retirees: Customer Care Center (866) 934-1200 www.ybr.com/benefits/lanl LANL Benefits Website for Retirees: http://www.lanl.gov/worklife/benefits/retirees/

24

VisionBlocks: A Social Computer Vision Framework  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vision Blocks (http://visionblocks.org) is an on demand, in-browser, customizable computer vision application publishing platform for masses. It empowers end-users (consumers)to create novel solutions for themselves that ...

Bendale, Abhijit

25

Climate VISION: Industry Associations  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Industry Associations Industry Associations Aluminum Aluminum Association (Coordinating aluminum industry Climate VISION activities) The Aluminum Association, Inc. is the trade association for producers of primary aluminum, recyclers and semi-fabricated aluminum products, as well as suppliers to the industry. The Association provides leadership to the industry through its programs and services which aim to enhance aluminum's position in a world of proliferating materials, increase its use as the "material of choice," remove impediments to its fullest use, and assist in achieving the industry's environmental, societal, and economic objectives. Automobile Manufacturers Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers (Coordinating automobile industry Climate VISION activities) The Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers, Inc. is a trade association

26

Solar Vision | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Vision Place Ladanna, South Africa Zip 704 Sector Solar Product South Africa-based solar energy products provider. References Solar Vision1 LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase...

27

National Hydrogen Vision Meeting Proceedings  

Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

This document provides presentations and summaries of the notes from the National Hydrogen Vision Meeting''s facilitated breakout sessions. The Vision Meeting, which took place November 15-16, 2001, k

28

average | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

average average Dataset Summary Description This dataset is part of a larger internal dataset at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) that explores various characteristics of large solar electric (both PV and CSP) facilities around the United States. This dataset focuses on the land use characteristics for solar facilities that are either under construction or currently in operation. Source Land-Use Requirements for Solar Power Plants in the United States Date Released June 25th, 2013 (7 months ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords acres area average concentrating solar power csp Density electric hectares km2 land land requirements land use land-use mean photovoltaic photovoltaics PV solar statistics Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon Master Solar Land Use Spreadsheet (xlsx, 1.5 MiB)

29

Vision for 2020?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobile and wireless communications provide today high global penetration especially for voice and lower rate data services. In future such systems will be applied in many different usage scenarios from mobile and stationary applications in different ... Keywords: Economic impact, Future trends and vision, International cooperation, Mobile and wireless communications, Research projects, Spectrum issues, Standardisation

Werner Mohr

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

New Vision front  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GRID 2030" GRID 2030" A NATIONAL VISION FOR ELECTRICITY'S SECOND 100 YEARS July 2003 United States Department of Energy Office of Electric Transmission and Distribution Transforming the Grid to Revolutionize Electric Power in North America Transforming the Grid to Revolutionize Electric Power in North America Transforming the Grid to Revolutionize Electric Power in North America Transforming the Grid to Revolutionize Electric Power in North America . . i "Grid 2030" - A National Vision for Electricity's Second 100 Years A CALL FOR LEADERSHIP Accessible, abundant, and affordable electric power is one of the cornerstones of the U.S. economy. On February 6, 2003 President Bush highlighted the need to "...modernize our electric delivery system...for economic security...and for national security." The U.S. Department of

31

Clear underwater vision  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Underwater imaging is important for scientific research and technology, as well as for popular activities. We present a computer vision approach which easily removes degradation effects in underwater vision. We analyze the physical effects of visibility degradation. We show that the main degradation effects can be associated with partial polarization of light. We therefore present an algorithm which inverts the image formation process, to recover a good visibility image of the object. The algorithm is based on a couple of images taken through a polarizer at different orientations. As a by product, a distance map of the scene is derived as well. We successfully used our approach when experimenting in the sea using a system we built. We obtained great improvement of scene contrast and color correction, and nearly doubled

Yoav Y. Schechner; Nir Karpel

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

DOE Average Results  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE DOE Average Results FY 12 DOE Target FY 12 Customer Perspective: Customer Satisfaction: -Timeliness 92 88 -Quality 94 92 Effective Service Partnership: -Extent of Customer Satisfaction with the responsiveness, etc. 90 92 Internal Business Perspective: Acquisition Excellence: -Extent to which internal quality control systems are effective 90 88 Most Effective Use of Contracting Approaches to Maximize Efficiency and Cost Effectiveness: Use of Competition: -% of total $'s obligated on competitive acquisitions >$3000 (Agency Level Only) 94 85 -% of acquisition actions competed for actions > $3000 (Agency Level Only) 65 68 Performance Based Acquisition: - % PBA actions relative to total eligible new acquisition actions (applicable to new actions > $25K) 82

33

Evolution of vision capabilities in embodied virtual creatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We evolve light following behaviours in virtual creatures through neural network training using an incremental evolution approach. The neural controllers of creatures evolved for movement are augmented with simple visual neurons and neural connections. ... Keywords: artificial life, evolution, genetic algorithms, learning, virtual creatures, vision

Marcin L. Pilat; Christian Jacob

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Census Division Number of Average Monthly Average Retail Price...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Average Monthly Average Retail Price Average Monthly Bill State Consumers Consumption (kWh) (Cents per Kilowatthour) (Dollar and cents) New England 34,271 67,907 12.55 8,520.25...

35

Python and computer vision  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the use of Python in a computer vision (CV) project. We begin by providing background information on the specific approach to CV employed by the project. This includes a brief discussion of Constrained Delaunay Triangulation (CDT), the Chordal Axis Transform (CAT), shape feature extraction and syntactic characterization, and normalization of strings representing objects. (The terms 'object' and 'blob' are used interchangeably, both referring to an entity extracted from an image.) The rest of the paper focuses on the use of Python in three critical areas: (1) interactions with a MySQL database, (2) rapid prototyping of algorithms, and (3) gluing together all components of the project including existing C and C++ modules. For (l), we provide a schema definition and discuss how the various tables interact to represent objects in the database as tree structures. (2) focuses on an algorithm to create a hierarchical representation of an object, given its string representation, and an algorithm to match unknown objects against objects in a database. And finally, (3) discusses the use of Boost Python to interact with the pre-existing C and C++ code that creates the CDTs and CATS, performs shape feature extraction and syntactic characterization, and normalizes object strings. The paper concludes with a vision of the future use of Python for the CV project.

Doak, J. E. (Justin E.); Prasad, Lakshman

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

2020 Vision Project Summary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since the 2020 Vision project began in 1996, students from participating schools have completed and submitted a variety of scenarios describing potential world and regional conditions in the year 2020 and their possible effect on US national security. This report summarizes the students' views and describes trends observed over the course of the 2020 Vision project's five years. It also highlights the main organizational features of the project. An analysis of thematic trends among the scenarios showed interesting shifts in students' thinking, particularly in their views of computer technology, US relations with China, and globalization. In 1996, most students perceived computer technology as highly beneficial to society, but as the year 2000 approached, this technology was viewed with fear and suspicion, even personified as a malicious, uncontrollable being. Yet, after New Year's passed with little disruption, students generally again perceived computer technology as beneficial. Also in 1996, students tended to see US relations with China as potentially positive, with economic interaction proving favorable to both countries. By 2000, this view had transformed into a perception of China emerging as the US' main rival and ''enemy'' in the global geopolitical realm. Regarding globalization, students in the first two years of the project tended to perceive world events as dependent on US action. However, by the end of the project, they saw the US as having little control over world events and therefore, we Americans would need to cooperate and compromise with other nations in order to maintain our own well-being.

Gordon, K.W.; Scott, K.P.

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Chemical Manufacturing...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

with American Chemistry Council to develop a technology strategy. Council for Chemical Research Vision2020 partner. American Institute for Chemical Engineers Vision2020...

38

Computer vision techniques for underwater navigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DCS) Chapter 2 Computer Vision . . 2.1 Labeling . . . . 2.2OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Computer Vision Techniques fordegree Master of Science in Computer Science by Christopher

Barngrover, Christopher M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Vision, Leadership and Commitment...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ie w o nl ine at ie w o nl ine at energy.gov/cio Vision, Leadership and Commitment... Enabling the Future through Technology and Information Strategic Plan OCIO FY 2012 - FY 2017 Transformation. Sustainability. Innovation. Teamwork. Partnerships. U.S. Department of energy | office of the Chief information officer | oCio Strategic Plan 3 of 28 table of contents Table of Contents Message from Michael Locatis, Chief Information Officer ���������������������������������������������� 5

40

Climate VISION: Contact Us  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

CONTACT US CONTACT US General Contact Information Please contact the individuals below for all general questions about information found on this website. Department of Energy Contact Russell Conklin Policy Analyst U.S. Climate Change Technology Program U.S. Department of Energy Office of Climate Change Policy and Technology (PI-50) 202-586-8339 Web Site Contacts Matt Antes 410-953-6218 Energetics, Incorporated Or Rebecca Gordon 202-406-4138 Energetics, Incorporated Private Sector Initiatives Contact Information Please contact the individuals below for questions about information found on this website regarding the private sector initiatives. Collapse all | Expand all Aluminum - Contacts Association Climate VISION Lead Bob Streiter Aluminum Association 900 19th Street, NW Washington, D.C. 20006

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vision simple average" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Climate VISION: Events - Climate VISION Partners Highlight Success Stories  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Climate VISION Partners Highlight Success Stories Climate VISION Partners Highlight Success Stories On February 14, 2006, the Climate VISION partners held a workshop to hear from industry sectors on activities they have undertaken to reduce energy usage and greenhouse gas emissions intensity. The purpose of the workshop was to provide an opportunity for current and prospective industry partners to share experiences and lessons learned through case studies and to explore new opportunities for collaboration. The one-day event was hosted by the Edison Electric Institute (EEI) and featured remarks by EEI President Thomas Kuhn and American Chemistry Council President Jack Gerard and a keynote by Department of Energy Under Secretary David Garman. Seven Climate VISION partners made presentations covering a range of activities

42

Energy Vision | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vision Vision Jump to: navigation, search Name Energy Vision Place Piedmont, California Zip 94611 Sector Wind energy Product String representation "EnVision is a s ... lity companies." is too long. Coordinates 39.479363°, -79.045516° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.479363,"lon":-79.045516,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

43

NEAMS Update The NEAMS Vision  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The NEAMS Vision The NEAMS Vision A message from K. S. Bradley, NEAMS national technical director On behalf of all the scientists and engineers who comprise the NEAMS program, I thank you for reading the NEAMS Update, a quarterly report that provides timely highlights of NEAMS team accomplishments. Our goal is to enhance DOE-NE's research and development portfolio through the development of advanced computational methods. The tools we are developing - known as the NEAMS

44

Use of programmable parallel hardware for industrial vision  

SciTech Connect

The next generation of industrial vision systems will require orders of magnitude more computation. The authors discuss the kinds of processing required and the architectures available. They argue that architectures based upon the ICL distributed array processor are particularly well suited to this task and superior to other possible architectures for various reasons. They discuss the algorithms involved in a second generation system, and give an example in DAP FORTRAN of a simple first generation system. 23 references.

Bond, A.H.; Buxton, H.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

EIA Average Energy Consumption 2005  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table US8. Average Consumption by Fuels Used, 2005 Physical Units per Household Fuels Used (physical units of consumption per household using the fuel)

46

Climate Vision Progress Report 2007 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vision Progress Report 2007 Climate Vision Progress Report 2007 An intensive report on climate change an the establishment of Climate Vision which is a voluntary partnership...

47

Hydraulic Institute Mission and Vision:  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Institute Mission and Vision: Institute Mission and Vision: Vision: To be a global authority on pumps and pumping systems. Mission: To be a value-adding resource to member companies and pump users worldwide by: * Developing and delivering comprehensive industry standards. * Expanding knowledge by providing education and tools for the effective application, testing, installation, operation and maintenance of pumps and pumping systems. * Serving as a forum for the exchange of industry information. The Hydraulic Institute is a non-profit industry (trade) association established in 1917. HI and its members are dedicated to excellence in the engineering, manufacture, and application of pumping equipment. The Institute plays a leading role in the development of pump standards in North America and worldwide. HI

48

Climate VISION: How to Participate  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

HOW TO PARTICIPATE HOW TO PARTICIPATE Industry Associations Contacts As noted in the program mission, Climate VISION, the President's voluntary program to reduce U.S. greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) intensity, works primarily with industry associations. We encourage the broadest possible participation in the program. The program assists industry efforts to accelerate the transition to best practices, energy technologies, and improved processes that are cost-effective, lower-carbon-emitting, more efficient, and more capable of capturing, removing, or sequestering GHGs. If your company is interested in participating in the Climate VISION program, and if you want to know whether your association is participating in CV, you can view the list of participating associations. If your association is participating in Climate VISION, you can get

49

Parallel processing for computer vision  

SciTech Connect

It has been estimated that processor speeds on the order of 1 to 100 billion operations per second will be required to solve some of the current problems in computer vision. This paper overviews the use of parallel processing techniques for various vision tasks using a parallel processing computer architecture known as PASM (partitionable SIMD/MIMD machine). PASM is a large-scale multimicroprocessor system being designed for image processing and pattern recognition. It can be dynamically reconfigured to operate as one or more independent SIMD (single instruction stream-multiple data stream) and/or MIMD (multiple instruction stream-multiple data stream) machines. This paper begins with a discussion of the computational capabilities required for computer vision. It is then shown how parallel processing, and in particular PASM, can be used to meet these needs. 36 references.

Delp, E.J.; Mudge, T.N.; Siegel, L.J.; Siegel, H.J.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Grid-Averaged Surface Fluxes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the inadequacies of formulations for surface fluxes for use in numerical models of atmospheric flow. The difficulty is that numerical models imply spatial averaging over each grid area. Existing formulations am based on the ...

L. Mahrt

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Simple Jordan conformal superalgebras  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We classify simple finite Jordan conformal superalgebras and establish preliminary results for the classification of simple finite Jordan pseudoalgebras.

Kac, Victor G

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

High average power pockels cell  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high average power pockels cell is disclosed which reduces the effect of thermally induced strains in high average power laser technology. The pockels cell includes an elongated, substantially rectangular crystalline structure formed from a KDP-type material to eliminate shear strains. The X- and Y-axes are oriented substantially perpendicular to the edges of the crystal cross-section and to the C-axis direction of propagation to eliminate shear strains.

Daly, Thomas P. (Pleasanton, CA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Proceedings NATIONAL HYDROGEN VISION MEETING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

introduction to market (e.g. subsidized high quality power) · Possibility of crude oil production peaking's Plan directs us to explore the possibility of a hydrogen economy..." Spencer Abraham, Secretary/market inertia Availability of oil and gas resources #12;Proceedings for National Hydrogen Vision Meeting 2

54

Computer Vision Algorithms on Reconfigurable Logic Arrays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

AbstractComputer vision algorithms are natural candidates for high performance computing systems. Algorithms in computer vision are characterized by complex and repetitive operations on large amounts of data involving a variety of data interactions ... Keywords: Reconfigurable computing, computer vision, image processing, image segmentation, neural networks, fingerprint matching.

Nalini K. Ratha; Anil K. Jain

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Intelligent Robot Vision Sensors in VLSI  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traditional approaches for solving real-world problems using computer vision have depended heavily on CCD cameras and workstations. As the computation power of workstations doubles every 1.5 years, they are now better able to handle the large amount ... Keywords: centroid chip, computational sensors, focal-plane image processing, motion chip, robot vision, spatiotemporal image processing chip, vision chips

Ralph Etienne-Cummings

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

A managed approach to computer vision  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Demanding tasks of computer vision systems require efficient design and effective use of available hardware components. Until recently, most of the computer vision systems were implemented using procedural languages and low-level programming. Although ... Keywords: component development, computer vision, managed platforms

Zoran Kalafati?; Hrvoje Serti?

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

MEDICAL/ DENTAL/ VISION ENROLLMENT / CHANGE FORM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MEDICAL/ DENTAL/ VISION ENROLLMENT / CHANGE FORM Changes are effective the 1st of the next month UNM Medical Plan Third Party Administrator Election Dental Plan Election Vision Plan Election Lovelace: (Add or Remove) Mark Type of Coverage for each Enrollee Spouse Add Remove Medical Dental Vision

New Mexico, University of

58

Core Measure Average KTR Results  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Measure Measure Average KTR Results FY 12 Target FY 12 DOE M&O CONTRACTOR (KTR) BSC RESULTS FY 2012 Customer Perspective and level of communication provided by the procurement office 95 92 Internal Business Perspective: Assessment (%) of the degree to which the purchasing system is in compliance with stakeholder requirements 97 Local Goals % Delivery on-time (includes JIT, excludes Purchase Cards) 88 84 % of total dollars obligated, on actions > $150K , that were awarded using effective competition 73 Local Goals Rapid Purchasing Techniques: -% of transactions placed by users 77 Local Goals -% of transactions placed through electronic commerce 62 Local Goals Average Cycle Time: -Average cycle time for <= $150K 8 6 to 9 days

59

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: VISION4  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

VISION4 VISION4 VISION4 logo. Models the combined optical and thermal performance of glazing systems and provides information on the energy flow and temperatures which result from imposed environmental conditions. VISION4 is part of the FRAMEplus Toolkit for the thermal analysis of windows, walls and doors. VISION4 can also calculate the velocity field within window glazing cavities to better predict condensation resistance. VISION4 simulations (when combined with FRAME) are an equal alternative to testing to determine the U-value, condensation resistance and solar heat gain coefficient of windows and doors. VISION4 was used to produce the window information in the ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals and is referenced in several national window standards. Keywords fenestration, solar optical characteristics, thermal performance, windows,

60

West Texas Intermediate Spot Average ............................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Crude Oil (dollars per barrel) Crude Oil (dollars per barrel) West Texas Intermediate Spot Average ............................ 102.88 93.42 92.24 87.96 94.34 94.10 105.84 96.30 95.67 95.33 95.67 93.33 94.12 97.64 95.00 Brent Spot Average ........................................................... 118.49 108.42 109.61 110.09 112.49 102.58 110.27 108.29 106.33 105.00 103.00 102.00 111.65 108.41 104.08 Imported Average .............................................................. 108.14 101.18 97.18 97.64 98.71 97.39 103.07 100.03 99.64 99.33 99.69 97.35 101.09 99.85 99.04 Refiner Average Acquisition Cost ...................................... 107.61 101.44 97.38 97.27 101.14 99.45 105.24 100.44 100.15 99.82 100.18 97.83 100.83 101.61 99.50 Liquid Fuels (cents per gallon) Refiner Prices for Resale Gasoline .........................................................................

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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61

HIGH AVERAGE POWER OPTICAL FEL AMPLIFIERS.  

SciTech Connect

Historically, the first demonstration of the optical FEL was in an amplifier configuration at Stanford University [l]. There were other notable instances of amplifying a seed laser, such as the LLNL PALADIN amplifier [2] and the BNL ATF High-Gain Harmonic Generation FEL [3]. However, for the most part FELs are operated as oscillators or self amplified spontaneous emission devices. Yet, in wavelength regimes where a conventional laser seed can be used, the FEL can be used as an amplifier. One promising application is for very high average power generation, for instance FEL's with average power of 100 kW or more. The high electron beam power, high brightness and high efficiency that can be achieved with photoinjectors and superconducting Energy Recovery Linacs (ERL) combine well with the high-gain FEL amplifier to produce unprecedented average power FELs. This combination has a number of advantages. In particular, we show that for a given FEL power, an FEL amplifier can introduce lower energy spread in the beam as compared to a traditional oscillator. This properly gives the ERL based FEL amplifier a great wall-plug to optical power efficiency advantage. The optics for an amplifier is simple and compact. In addition to the general features of the high average power FEL amplifier, we will look at a 100 kW class FEL amplifier is being designed to operate on the 0.5 ampere Energy Recovery Linac which is under construction at Brookhaven National Laboratory's Collider-Accelerator Department.

BEN-ZVI, ILAN, DAYRAN, D.; LITVINENKO, V.

2005-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

62

Vision - Food | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vision - Food Vision - Food Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture This website is supported by the Interagency Council on Agricultural and Rural Statistics (ICARS). ICARS is the effort of the US federal government's statistical agencies in support of the "Global Strategy to Improve Agriculture and Rural Statistics" which was developed under the United Nations Statistical Commission. The impetus for the Global Strategy was the recognition that agriculture and rural statistics are declining across the globe at the same time as new data requirements are emerging. ICARS brings together experts from economic, demographic, environmental and agricultural statistical agencies and from natural resource agencies to

63

Information architecture. Volume 4: Vision  

SciTech Connect

The Vision document marks the transition from definition to implementation of the Department of Energy (DOE) Information Architecture Program. A description of the possibilities for the future, supported by actual experience with a process model and tool set, points toward implementation options. The directions for future information technology investments are discussed. Practical examples of how technology answers the business and information needs of the organization through coordinated and meshed data, applications, and technology architectures are related. This document is the fourth and final volume in the planned series for defining and exhibiting the DOE information architecture. The targeted scope of this document includes DOE Program Offices, field sites, contractor-operated facilities, and laboratories. This document paints a picture of how, over the next 7 years, technology may be implemented, dramatically improving the ways business is conducted at DOE. While technology is mentioned throughout this document, the vision is not about technology. The vision concerns the transition afforded by technology and the process steps to be completed to ensure alignment with business needs. This goal can be met if those directing the changing business and mission-support processes understand the capabilities afforded by architectural processes.

NONE

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Geographic Gossip: Efficient Averaging for Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gossip algorithms for distributed computation are attractive due to their simplicity, distributed nature, and robustness in noisy and uncertain environments. However, using standard gossip algorithms can lead to a significant waste in energy by repeatedly recirculating redundant information. For realistic sensor network model topologies like grids and random geometric graphs, the inefficiency of gossip schemes is related to the slow mixing times of random walks on the communication graph. We propose and analyze an alternative gossiping scheme that exploits geographic information. By utilizing geographic routing combined with a simple resampling method, we demonstrate substantial gains over previously proposed gossip protocols. For regular graphs such as the ring or grid, our algorithm improves standard gossip by factors of $n$ and $\\sqrt{n}$ respectively. For the more challenging case of random geometric graphs, our algorithm computes the true average to accuracy $\\epsilon$ using $O(\\frac{n^{1.5}}{\\sqrt{\\log ...

Dimakis, Alexandros G; Wainwright, Martin J

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Argonne Transportation - How to Use VISION  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

How to Use VISION Each version of the VISION model consists of two workbooks. (We use the VISION 2008 version as an example in the following, but the instructions apply to all versions.) The two workbooks in the VISION 2008 version are called "VISION 2008 AEO Base Case Expanded" and "File to be copied to all runs of VISION 2008 Expanded." For each run of the model, Open ONLY the "File to be copied..." When opening the file, answer "No" when you are asked whether you would like to update all linked information. (Beginning with the 2009 version, this link to the Base Case file is removed.) Immediately save it under a different file name. The new file name should reflect the underlying assumptions of the specific run.

66

Variable Average Absolute Percent Differences  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Variable Variable Average Absolute Percent Differences Percent of Projections Over- Estimated Gross Domestic Product Real Gross Domestic Product (Average Cumulative Growth)* (Table 2) 1.0 42.6 Petroleum Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil (Constant $) (Table 3a) 35.2 18.6 Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil (Nominal $) (Table 3b) 34.7 19.7 Total Petroleum Consumption (Table 4) 6.2 66.5 Crude Oil Production (Table 5) 6.0 59.6 Petroleum Net Imports (Table 6) 13.3 67.0 Natural Gas Natural Gas Wellhead Prices (Constant $) (Table 7a) 30.7 26.1 Natural Gas Wellhead Prices (Nominal $) (Table 7b) 30.0 27.1 Total Natural Gas Consumption (Table 8) 7.8 70.2 Natural Gas Production (Table 9) 7.1 66.0 Natural Gas Net Imports (Table 10) 29.3 69.7 Coal Coal Prices to Electric Generating Plants (Constant $)** (Table 11a)

67

Climate VISION: News - Bush Administration Launches "Climate...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Will Address Challenge of Climate Change WASHINGTON, D.C., - Today, the Department of Energy, on behalf of the Administration, launched the President's "Climate VISION"...

68

Accommodations for Vision Disabilities | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vision Disabilities Vision Disabilities Accommodations for Vision Disabilities "Low Vision" Accommodations Glare Protection Screen - Minimizes visual fatigue associated with glare on the monitor. Large Monitor with High Resolution (19" - 25") - Increases character size in proportion to monitor dimensions and provides a crisp, sharp image. Magnified Display of Computer Screen - Either software or hardware solutions exist to present the images on the computer in a larger format. Character size can be increased up to 216 times. Magnified Display of Hardcopy Material - Hardware exists that will magnify any item placed under a CCTV camera. Documents, drawings, phone messages, etc. can be seen enlarged on a CCTV monitor. Large Print Production - Several software packages are available

69

Materials Sustainability: Digital Resource Center - Climate VISION ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jun 25, 2008 ... The primary goal of the Climate VISION partnership is to identify and pursue cost effective options to improve the energy or GHG intensity of...

70

An Integrated Hydrogen Vision for California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Integrated Hydrogen Vision for California White Paper/High Efficiency Generation Of Hydrogen Fuels Using NuclearU.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen Fuel Cells and Hydrogen

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Computer vision techniques for underwater navigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vision Techniques for Underwater Navigation A thesisand J. Amat. Positioning an underwater vehicle through imageand S. Feder. Autonomous Underwater Vehicle Navigation. MIT

Barngrover, Christopher M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Achronal averaged null energy condition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The averaged null energy condition (ANEC) requires that the integral over a complete null geodesic of the stress-energy tensor projected onto the geodesic tangent vector is never negative. This condition is sufficient to prove many important theorems in general relativity, but it is violated by quantum fields in curved spacetime. However there is a weaker condition, which is free of known violations, requiring only that there is no self-consistent spacetime in semiclassical gravity in which ANEC is violated on a complete, achronal null geodesic. We indicate why such a condition might be expected to hold and show that it is sufficient to rule out closed timelike curves and wormholes connecting different asymptotically flat regions.

Graham, Noah; Olum, Ken D. [Department of Physics, Middlebury College, Middlebury, Vermont 05753 (United States) and Center for Theoretical Physics, Laboratory for Nuclear Science, and Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Institute of Cosmology, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts 02155 (United States)

2007-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

73

Achronal averaged null energy condition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The averaged null energy condition (ANEC) requires that the integral over a complete null geodesic of the stress-energy tensor projected onto the geodesic tangent vector is never negative. This condition is sufficient to prove many important theorems in general relativity, but it is violated by quantum fields in curved spacetime. However there is a weaker condition, which is free of known violations, requiring only that there is no self-consistent space-time in semiclassical gravity in which ANEC is violated on a complete, {\\em achronal} null geodesic. We indicate why such a condition might be expected to hold and show that it is sufficient to rule out wormholes and closed timelike curves.

Noah Graham; Ken D. Olum

2007-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

74

VISION 21 SYSTEMS ANALYSIS METHODOLOGIES  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Under the sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Energy/National Energy Technology Laboratory, a multi-disciplinary team led by the Advanced Power and Energy Program of the University of California at Irvine is defining the system engineering issues associated with the integration of key components and subsystems into power plant systems that meet performance and emission goals of the Vision 21 program. The study efforts have narrowed down the myriad of fuel processing, power generation, and emission control technologies to selected scenarios that identify those combinations having the potential to achieve the Vision 21 program goals of high efficiency and minimized environmental impact while using fossil fuels. The technology levels considered are based on projected technical and manufacturing advances being made in industry and on advances identified in current and future government supported research. Included in these advanced systems are solid oxide fuel cells and advanced cycle gas turbines. The results of this investigation will serve as a guide for the U. S. Department of Energy in identifying the research areas and technologies that warrant further support.

G.S. Samuelsen; A. Rao; F. Robson; B. Washom

2003-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

75

Poselets and Their Applications in High-Level Computer Vision  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The role of datasets in computer vision The Humans in 3DInternational Journal of Computer Vision, 88(2):303338,on statistical learning in computer vision, 2004. [28] M.

Bourdev, Lubomir

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

MONOCULAR OPTICAL FLOW FOR REALTIME VISION SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MONOCULAR OPTICAL FLOW FOR REAL­TIME VISION SYSTEMS Stephen M. Benoit and Frank P. Ferrie TR­CIM­96 268510 FAX: (514) 398­7348 Email: cim@cim.mcgill.ca #12; MONOCULAR OPTICAL FLOW FOR REAL­TIME VISION

Dudek, Gregory

77

VisIOn: an interactive visualization ontology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

VisIOn (Interactive Visualization Ontology) is a web application designed to categorize and store information about Software Visualization (SV) systems, in a way that can be easily searched and used for comparison. VisIOn will allow users and developers ... Keywords: algorithm animation, effectiveness, ontology, program visualization, repository, software visualization, taxonomy

Philippa Rhodes; Eileen Kraemer; Bina Reed

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Vision-based control of robot motion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Visual servo control is now a mature method for controlling robots using real-time vision feedback. It can be considered as the fusion of computer vision, robotics and control, and it has been a distinct field since the 1990's, though the earliest work ...

Seth Hutchinson

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Minnesota Department of Transportation Strategic Vision  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to create a safe, efficient and sustainable transportation system for the future. #12;Mission ProvideMinnesota Department of Transportation Strategic Vision #12;#12;Vision Global leader in transportation, committed to upholding public needs and collaboration with internal and external partners

Minnesota, University of

80

Visual Stimulation and Electroencephalogram under Scotopic Vision  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract --We tested the visual sensitivity of 15 healthy subjects under scotopic vision using flickering stimulus on the Liquid crystal display (LCD) with a light-emitting diode (LED) backlight (LED-LCD) panel. This test was made to know; 1) if LED-LCD ... Keywords: Scotopic vision, Light emission display, Visually evoked potential (VEP), Optimization, component, formatting

Wuon-Shik Kim; Hye-Rim Oh; Hyoung-Min Choi; Ji-Soo Hwang; Seong Nam Park; Hyun Kyoon Lim

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vision simple average" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

A Machine Vision System for Inspecting Bearings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe a machine vision system for inspecting bearings, which are an important part of electro-mechanical kWh meters. The system consists of a personal computer with a frame grabber, a black and white progressive scan CCD camera, ... Keywords: machine vision, quality control, bearing, eccentricity

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Vision for the Future | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

& Technology Programs > Office of Advanced Simulation and Computing and Institutional R&D Programs > About ASC > Vision for the Future Vision for the Future The first ten years...

83

Hydraulic Institute Mission and Vision | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hydraulic Institute Mission and Vision Hydraulic Institute Mission and Vision Mission: To be a value-adding resource to member companies and pump users worldwide by: * Developing...

84

Climate VISION Progress Report 2007 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Report 2007 Climate VISION Progress Report 2007 There is a growing recognition that climate change cannot be dealt with effectively in isolation Climate VISION Progress...

85

Secretary Chu Presents Smart Grid Vision and Announces $144 Million...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Secretary Chu Presents Smart Grid Vision and Announces 144 Million in Recovery Act Funding to Transition to the Smart Grid Secretary Chu Presents Smart Grid Vision and Announces...

86

Spectral and Parametric Averaging for Integrable Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze two theoretical approaches to ensemble averaging for integrable systems in quantum chaos - spectral averaging and parametric averaging. For spectral averaging, we introduce a new procedure - rescaled spectral averaging. Unlike traditional spectral averaging, it can describe the correlation function of spectral staircase and produce persistent oscillations of the interval level number variance. Parametric averaging, while not as accurate as rescaled spectral averaging for the correlation function of spectral staircase and interval level number variance, can also produce persistent oscillations of the global level number variance and better describes saturation level rigidity as a function of the running energy. Overall, it is the most reliable method for a wide range of statistics.

Tao Ma; R. A. Serota

2013-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

87

Vision systems with the human in the loop  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The emerging cognitive vision paradigm deals with vision systems that apply machine learning and automatic reasoning in order to learn from what they perceive. Cognitive vision systems can rate the relevance and consistency of newly acquired knowledge, ... Keywords: adaption, architecture, cognitive vision, contextual reasoning, evaluation, learning

Christian Bauckhage; Marc Hanheide; Sebastian Wrede; Thomas Kster; Michael Pfeiffer; Gerhard Sagerer

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Wind Vision Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Farm Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Wind Vision Wind Farm Facility Wind Vision Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Wind Vision Developer Wind Vision Location St. Ansgar IA Coordinates 43.348224°, -92.888816° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.348224,"lon":-92.888816,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

89

Mission and Vision | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mission and Vision Mission and Vision Mission and Vision Mission ARI is a DOE-wide effort to advance the beneficial reuse of its unique and diverse mix of assets, including land, facilities, infrastructure, equipment, technologies, natural resources and highly skilled workforce. ARI promotes a more efficient business environment to encourage collaboration between public and private resources. ARI efforts will maximize benefits to achieve energy and environmental goals as well as to stimulate and diversify regional economies impacted by changes to DOE sites and operations. Vision In 2020, the DOE complex will be composed of about two dozen primary sites. Those sites are sufficient to meet DOE's infrastructure requirements and include the following characteristics: * Operations are conducted in a sustainable manner; facilities and

90

DOE Hydrogen Analysis Repository: VISION Model  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

VISION Model VISION Model Project Summary Full Title: VISION Model Project ID: 77 Principal Investigator: Margaret Singh Brief Description: Estimates the potential energy use, oil use and carbon emission impacts of advanced light- and heavy-duty highway vehicles and alternative fuels through 2050. Keywords: Alternative fueled vehicles (AFV); hybrid electric vehicles (HEV); fuel cell vehicles (FCV); emissions; greenhouse gases (GHG) Purpose The VISION model has been developed by US DOE to provide estimates of the potential energy use, oil use and carbon emission impacts to 2050 of advanced light- and heavy-duty highway vehicles and alternative fuels. It is an Excel spreadsheet model which is particularly useful in responding to quick-turnaround requests for such estimates. It is updated annually to be

91

Vision and Roadmap Documents | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vision and Roadmap Documents Vision and Roadmap Documents Vision and Roadmap Documents November 1, 2013 - 11:40am Addthis The combined heat and power (CHP) federal-state partnership began with the National CHP Roadmap. In response to a challenge by the CHP industry, DOE established an active program of CHP research, development, and deployment. The creation of various technology roadmaps ensued. Recent vision documents describe a bright future for CHP technologies that have the power to help the nation meet its energy and climate goals. Accelerating Combined Heat & Power Deployment, 28 pp, Aug. 2011 Annual Workshop Results for the National CHP Roadmap Baltimore, 5 pp, June 2001 and Breakout Session Summary Reports (One Year Later), 3 pp, Oct. 2001 Boston, 2 pp, Oct. 2002 Chicago, 11 pp, Sept. 2003

92

The SunShot Vision Study  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

TheSunShot Vision Studyprovides an in-depth assessment of the potential for solar technologies to meet a significant share of electricity demand in the United States during the next several...

93

Simple Radiative Transfer Methods for Calculating Domain-Averaged Solar Fluxes in Inhomogeneous Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of cloud fraction as a means of incorporating horizontal cloud inhomogeneity in radiative transfer calculations is widespread in the atmospheric science community. This study addresses some issues pertaining to the use of cloud fraction ...

P. M. Gabriel; K. F. Evans

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

COHERENT LASER VISION SYSTEM (CLVS) OPTION PHASE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this research project was to develop a prototype fiber-optic based Coherent Laser Vision System (CLVS) suitable for DOE's EM Robotic program. The system provides three-dimensional (3D) vision for monitoring situations in which it is necessary to update the dimensional spatial data on the order of once per second. The system has total immunity to ambient lighting conditions.

Robert Clark

1999-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

95

Toward a broader vision for Information Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In December of 2009, several founders of the Information Systems (IS) academic discipline gathered for a panel discussion at the International Conference on Information Systems to present their visions for the future of the field, and their comments ... Keywords: Design science, emerging technologies, health care, information systems impacts, information systems vision, innovations, model of graduate, model of professional, new technologies, professional communications, publications, research methods, systems requirements, university-wide resource

Jay F. Nunamaker, Jr.; Robert O. Briggs

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

SunShot Initiative: SunShot Vision Study  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SunShot Vision Study to someone SunShot Vision Study to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: SunShot Vision Study on Facebook Tweet about SunShot Initiative: SunShot Vision Study on Twitter Bookmark SunShot Initiative: SunShot Vision Study on Google Bookmark SunShot Initiative: SunShot Vision Study on Delicious Rank SunShot Initiative: SunShot Vision Study on Digg Find More places to share SunShot Initiative: SunShot Vision Study on AddThis.com... Concentrating Solar Power Photovoltaics Systems Integration Balance of Systems SunShot Vision Study Composite image of 3 photographs of solar technologies, showing a lit tower, rows of silver troughs, and rows of PV panels. The SunShot Vision Study projects that solar technologies could satisfy roughly 14% of U.S. electricity demand by 2030 and 27% by 2050. Cover

97

Estimation of Area-Averaged Rainfall over Tropical Oceans from Microwave Radiometry: A Single Channel Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a new simple retrieval algorithm for estimating area-time averaged rain rates over tropical oceans by using single channel microwave measurements from satellites. The algorithm was tested by using the Nimbus-5 Electrically ...

Kyung-Sup Shin; Phil E. Riba; Gerald R. North

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Simple Models of Stratification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simple analytical and numerical models of gratified circulation are discussed. The models are driven by buoyancy and mechanical forcing, and buoyancy diffusion is parameterized in term of diapycnal mass fluxes. The interior responds in typical ...

William K. Dewar

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

SunShot Initiative: Mission, Vision, and Goals  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mission, Vision, and Goals to Mission, Vision, and Goals to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: Mission, Vision, and Goals on Facebook Tweet about SunShot Initiative: Mission, Vision, and Goals on Twitter Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Mission, Vision, and Goals on Google Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Mission, Vision, and Goals on Delicious Rank SunShot Initiative: Mission, Vision, and Goals on Digg Find More places to share SunShot Initiative: Mission, Vision, and Goals on AddThis.com... Concentrating Solar Power Photovoltaics Systems Integration Balance of Systems Mission, Vision, and Goals Photo of a male silhouetted against a solar array. Researcher Josh Stein of Sandia National Laboratories studies how clouds impact large-scale solar photovoltaic (PV) power plants. Photo from Randy

100

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Progress Report  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

PROGRESS REPORT PROGRESS REPORT Progress Report NEWS MEDIA CONTACT: Megan Barnett, (202) 586-4940 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Friday, February 8, 2008 DOE Releases Climate VISION Progress Report 2007 Outlines Industry Progress in Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Intensity through Climate VISION Partnership WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today released the Climate VISION Progress Report 2007, which reports on the actions taken by energy-intensive industries to improve greenhouse gas emissions intensity of their operations from 2002 to 2006. The report indicates that the power and energy-intensive industrial sectors improved their combined emissions intensity by 9.4 percent over this four year period, and in 2006, actual greenhouse gas emissions for these sectors fell a combined 1.4 percent.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vision simple average" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Param Electro Vision | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Param Electro Vision Param Electro Vision Jump to: navigation, search Name Param Electro Vision Place Pune, Maharashtra, India Sector Solar Product Pune-based batteries and invertors manufacturer; also setting up solar project. Coordinates 18.52671°, 73.8616° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":18.52671,"lon":73.8616,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

102

Pump Systems Matter Mission and Vision:  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pump Systems Matter Mission and Vision: Pump Systems Matter Mission and Vision: Pump Systems Matter(tm) (PSM) places a primary focus on pump systems education and outreach and addresses energy savings and total cost of pump ownership. Vision: Pump Systems Matter initiative assists North American pump users gain a more competitive business advantage through strategic, broad-based energy management and pump system performance optimization. Mission: To provide the marketplace with tools and collaborative opportunities to integrate pump system performance optimization and efficient energy management practices into normal business operations. Essential Elements: * Build awareness of the benefits of systems optimization and pump system life cycle cost at the management, production and technical levels of companies throughout the supply chain.

103

VISION: Verifiable Fuel Cycle Simulation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The nuclear fuel cycle is a very complex system that includes considerable dynamic complexity as well as detail complexity. In the nuclear power realm, there are experts and considerable research and development in nuclear fuel development, separations technology, reactor physics and waste management. What is lacking is an overall understanding of the entire nuclear fuel cycle and how the deployment of new fuel cycle technologies affects the overall performance of the fuel cycle. The Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiatives systems analysis group is developing a dynamic simulation model, VISION, to capture the relationships, timing and delays in and among the fuel cycle components to help develop an understanding of how the overall fuel cycle works and can transition as technologies are changed. This paper is an overview of the philosophy and development strategy behind VISION. The paper includes some descriptions of the model and some examples of how to use VISION.

Jacob J. Jacobson; Abdellatif M. Yacout; Gretchen E. Matthern; Steven J. Piet; David E. Shropshire

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

VISION: Verifiable Fuel Cycle Simulation Model  

SciTech Connect

The nuclear fuel cycle consists of a set of complex components that work together in unison. In order to support the nuclear renaissance, it is necessary to understand the impacts of changes and timing of events in any part of the fuel cycle system. The Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiatives systems analysis group is developing a dynamic simulation model, VISION, to capture the relationships, timing, and changes in and among the fuel cycle components to help develop an understanding of how the overall fuel cycle works. This paper is an overview of the philosophy and development strategy behind VISION. The paper includes some descriptions of the model components and some examples of how to use VISION.

Jacob Jacobson; A. M. Yacout; Gretchen Matthern; Steven Piet; David Shropshire; Tyler Schweitzer

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Energy Vision International Florida | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vision International Florida Vision International Florida Jump to: navigation, search Name Energy Vision International Florida Place Florida, California Sector Geothermal energy, Services Product Provides geothermal heat pumps; and administrative services to EVI subsidiaries. Coordinates 27.9758°, -81.541061° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":27.9758,"lon":-81.541061,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

106

Optimization Online - String-Averaging Projected Subgradient ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aug 29, 2013 ... Optimization Online. String-Averaging Projected Subgradient Methods for Constrained Minimization. Yair Censor(yair ***at*** math.haifa.ac.il)

107

Average Stock Levels: Crude Market & Propane  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

This graph shows that propane was not alone in experiencing excess supply in 1998 and extraordinary stock builds. Note that the graph shows average stock levels ...

108

Dynamic Multiscale Averaging (DMA) of Turbulent Flow  

SciTech Connect

A new approach called dynamic multiscale averaging (DMA) for computing the effects of turbulent flow is described. The new method encompasses multiple applications of temporal and spatial averaging, that is, multiscale operations. Initially, a direct numerical simulation (DNS) is performed for a relatively short time; it is envisioned that this short time should be long enough to capture several fluctuating time periods of the smallest scales. The flow field variables are subject to running time averaging during the DNS. After the relatively short time, the time-averaged variables are volume averaged onto a coarser grid. Both time and volume averaging of the describing equations generate correlations in the averaged equations. These correlations are computed from the flow field and added as source terms to the computation on the next coarser mesh. They represent coupling between the two adjacent scales. Since they are computed directly from first principles, there is no modeling involved. However, there is approximation involved in the coupling correlations as the flow field has been computed for only a relatively short time. After the time and spatial averaging operations are applied at a given stage, new computations are performed on the next coarser mesh using a larger time step. The process continues until the coarsest scale needed is reached. New correlations are created for each averaging procedure. The number of averaging operations needed is expected to be problem dependent. The new DMA approach is applied to a relatively low Reynolds number flow in a square duct segment. Time-averaged stream-wise velocity and vorticity contours from the DMA approach appear to be very similar to a full DNS for a similar flow reported in the literature. Expected symmetry for the final results is produced for the DMA method. The results obtained indicate that DMA holds significant potential in being able to accurately compute turbulent flow without modeling for practical engineering applications.

Richard W. Johnson

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Average waiting time profiles of uniform DQDB model  

SciTech Connect

The Distributed Queue Dual Bus (DQDB) system consists of a linear arrangement of N nodes that communicate with each other using two contra-flowing buses; the nodes use an extremely simple protocol to send messages on these buses. This simple, but elegant, system has been found to be very challenging to analyze. We consider a simple and uniform abstraction of this model to highlight the fairness issues in terms of average waiting time. We introduce a new approximation method to analyze the performance of DQDB system in terms of the average waiting time of a node expressed as a function of its position. Our approach abstracts the intimate relationship between the load of the system and its fairness characteristics, and explains all basic behavior profiles of DQDB observed in previous simulation. For the uniform DQDB with equal distance between adjacent nodes, we show that the system operates under three basic behavior profiles and a finite number of their combinations that depend on the load of the network. Consequently, the system is not fair at any load in terms of the average waiting times. In the vicinity of a critical load of 1 {minus} 4/N, the uniform network runs into a state akin to chaos, where its behavior fluctuates from one extreme to the other with a load variation of 2/N. Our analysis is supported by simulation results. We also show that the main theme of the analysis carries over to the general (non-uniform) DQDB; by suitably choosing the inter-node distances, the DQDB can be made fair around some loads, but such system will become unfair as the load changes.

Rao, N.S.V. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Maly, K.; Olariu, S.; Dharanikota, S.; Zhang, L.; Game, D. [Old Dominion Univ., Norfolk, VA (United States). Dept. of Computer Science

1993-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

110

Bayesian curve estimation by model averaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Bayesian approach is used to estimate a nonparametric regression model. The main features of the procedure are, first, the functional form of the curve is approximated by a mixture of local polynomials by Bayesian model averaging (BMA), second, the ... Keywords: BIC criterion, Bayesian model averaging, Local polynomial regression, Nonparametric curve fitting, Robustness

Daniel Pea; Dolores Redondas

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

U-090: RSA enVision Discloses Environment Variable Information...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0: RSA enVision Discloses Environment Variable Information to Remote Users U-090: RSA enVision Discloses Environment Variable Information to Remote Users January 27, 2012 - 6:00am...

112

A National Vision for Electricity's Second 100 Years | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A National Vision for Electricity's Second 100 Years A National Vision for Electricity's Second 100 Years A National Vision for Electricity's Second 100 Years The purpose of this document is to describe the common vision articulated at the National Electric System Vision meeting. The U.S. Department of Energy will use this vision to help implement President Bush's call for "...modernizing America's electric delivery system" and the 51 recommendations contained in the National Transmission Grid Study. Various stakeholders, including industry practitioners, policy makers, and researchers, will use the vision as the coordinating foundation for actions leading to the construction of a 21st century electric system. The vision will guide the development of the National Electric Delivery Technologies

113

Vision of the Future Grid | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vision of the Future Grid Vision of the Future Grid Vision of the Future Grid Vision of the Future Grid The GTT developed a draft vision (below) which describes a future electricity system and lists several key attributes of that system. In its current form, this vision incorporates comments made by stakeholders during meetings organized by the GTT. The vision will continue to evolve and be refined as the GTT engages with the broader stakeholder community. Vision of the Future Grid A seamless, cost-effective electricity system, from generation to end-use, capable of meeting all clean energy demands and capacity requirements, with: Significant scale-up of clean energy (renewables, natural gas, nuclear, clean fossil) Universal access to consumer participation and choice (including

114

VISION Model for Vehicle Technologies and Alternative Fuels | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

VISION Model for Vehicle Technologies and Alternative Fuels VISION Model for Vehicle Technologies and Alternative Fuels Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: VISION Model for Vehicle Technologies and Alternative Fuels Agency/Company /Organization: Argonne National Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Transportation Phase: Create a Vision Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.transportation.anl.gov/modeling_simulation/VISION/ OpenEI Keyword(s): EERE tool, VISION Model for Vehicle Technologies and Alternative Fuels References: The VISION Model [1] Estimate the potential energy use, oil use, and carbon emission impacts of advanced light and heavy-duty vehicle technologies and alternative fuels through 2050. The VISION model has been developed to provide estimates of the potential

115

Living the Vision: A Profile of Kathy Yelick  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Living the Vision: A Profile of Kathy Yelick Living the Vision: A Profile of Kathy Yelick April 8, 2008 The February March 2008 issue of the European magazine Scientific...

116

Reconfigurable on-board vision processing for small autonomous vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses the challenge of supporting real-time vision processing on-board small autonomous vehicles. Local vision gives increased autonomous capability, but it requires substantial computing power that is difficult to provide given the severe ...

Wade S. Fife; James K. Archibald

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Diagram Understanding: The Intersection of Computer Vision and Graphics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A problem common to Computer Vision and Computer Graphics is identified. It is the problem of representing, acquiring and validating symbolic descriptions of visual properties. The intersection of Computer Vision and ...

Montalvo, Fanya S.

1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Vision of the Future Grid Workshop (November 2011)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

On November 15-16, 2011, the GTT introduced itself and its vision of the future grid to a diverse group of stakeholders at its Vision of the Future Grid Workshop. The GTT sought feedback and input...

119

NARUC Vision of the Future Grid Webinar (January 2012)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

On January 26, 2012, the GTT presented its vision of the future grid to NARUC via webinar. The presentation was based on the GTT's earlier Vision of the Future Grid Workshop.

120

Property:SalinityAverage | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SalinityAverage SalinityAverage Jump to: navigation, search Property Name SalinityAverage Property Type Number Description Mean average of the low and high end measurements of the salinity [ppm] of the fluid. This is a property of type Page. Subproperties This property has the following 1 subproperty: C Coso Geothermal Area Pages using the property "SalinityAverage" Showing 19 pages using this property. A Amedee Geothermal Area + 975 + B Beowawe Hot Springs Geothermal Area + 700 + Blue Mountain Geothermal Area + 4300 + Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area + 3500 + C Chena Geothermal Area + 325 + D Desert Peak Geothermal Area + 6700 + Dixie Valley Geothermal Area + 2295 + E East Mesa Geothermal Area + 3750 + G Geysers Geothermal Area + 217 + K Kilauea East Rift Geothermal Area + 18750 +

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vision simple average" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Nonlocal imaging by conditional averaging of random reference measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the nonlocal imaging of an object by conditional averaging of the random exposure frames of a reference detector, which only sees the freely propagating field from a thermal light source. A bucket detector, synchronized with the reference detector, records the intensity fluctuations of an identical beam passing through the object mask. These fluctuations are sorted according to their values relative to the mean, then the reference data in the corresponding time-bins for a given fluctuation range are averaged, to produce either positive or negative images. Since no correlation calculations are involved, this correspondence imaging technique challenges our former interpretations of "ghost" imaging. Compared with conventional correlation imaging or compressed sensing schemes, both the number of exposures and computation time are greatly reduced, while the visibility is much improved. A simple statistical model is presented to explain the phenomenon.

Kai-Hong Luo; Boqiang Huang; Wei-Mou Zheng; Ling-An Wu

2013-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

122

Simple deterministic wildcard matching  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a simple and fast deterministic solution to the string matching with don't cares problem. The task is to determine all positions in a text where a pattern occurs, allowing both pattern and text to contain single character wildcards. Our algorithm ... Keywords: Algorithms, String matching, Wildcards

Peter Clifford; Raphal Clifford

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Service Life Prediction of Polymeric Materials: Vision for the ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Service Life Prediction of Polymeric Materials: Vision for the Future. Purpose: This conference will establish the current state ...

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

124

Service Life Prediction of Polymeric Materials: Vision for the ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Service Life Prediction of Polymeric Materials: Vision for the Future - Presentations. ... Koehl, Accelerated Service Life Testing of Photovoltaic Modules. ...

2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

125

TESLA'S VISION OF THE WIRELESS GLOBAL COMMUNICATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TESLA'S VISION OF THE WIRELESS GLOBAL COMMUNICATIONS Ljiljana Trajkovi Communication Networks;March 12, 2004 Kwantlen College Ljiljana Trajkovic, Simon Fraser University 2 Road map Tesla in 1890's Alternate currents Tesla left Edison in 1885. He formed his own laboratory "Tesla Electric Company" in 1887

Trajkovic, Ljiljana

126

TESLA'S VISION OF THE WIRELESS GLOBAL COMMUNICATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TESLA'S VISION OF THE WIRELESS GLOBAL COMMUNICATIONS Ljiljana Trajkovi Communication Networks;January 17, 2005 UBC Ljiljana Trajkovic, Simon Fraser University 2 Road map Tesla in 1890's First wireless;January 17, 2005 UBC Ljiljana Trajkovic, Simon Fraser University 4 Alternate currents Tesla left Edison

Trajkovic, Ljiljana

127

Color models for outdoor machine vision  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study develops models for illumination and surface reflectance for use in outdoor color vision, and in particular for predicting the color of surfaces under outdoor conditions. Existing daylight and reflectance models have limitations that reduce ... Keywords: color, daylight, outdoor images, photometric function, reflectance model

Shashi D. Buluswar; Bruce A. Draper

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Vision-based production of personalized video  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present a novel vision-based system for the automated production of personalized video souvenirs for visitors in leisure and cultural heritage venues. Visitors are visually identified and tracked through a camera network. The system ... Keywords: Automated content production, Human identification, Tracking

D. I. Kosmopoulos; A. Doulamis; A. Makris; N. Doulamis; S. Chatzis; S. E. Middleton

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

VISION 2050: An Integrated National Transportation System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

VISION 2050: An Integrated National Transportation System #12;The Federal Transportation Advisory members are from the National Research Council (NRC) Transportation Research Board (TRB) and National advisory committees, including the FAA REDAC, NASA ASTAC, and the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT

Hansman Jr., John R.

130

Computer vision aided target linked radiation imaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we demonstrated an application of video tracking to radiation detection, where a vision-based tracking system enables a traditional CZT (cadmium zinc telluride)-based radiation imaging device to detect radioactive targets that are in motion. ... Keywords: Vehicles,Target tracking,Detectors,Radiation imaging,Cameras,Streaming media

Yi Yao

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Idaho National Laboratory Small Business Program Vision & Opportunity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Idaho National Laboratory Small Business Program ­ Vision & Opportunity Dana Storms, INL Small · Idaho National Laboratory ­ Overview and Vision ­ Primary Programs · INL Small Business Program ­ Vision Responsibilities INL Small Business Program #12;Idaho National Laboratory · One of only 10 DOE multiprogram labs

132

Vlfeat: an open and portable library of computer vision algorithms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

VLFeat is an open and portable library of computer vision algorithms. It aims at facilitating fast prototyping and reproducible research for computer vision scientists and students. It includes rigorous implementations of common building blocks such ... Keywords: computer vision, image classification, object recognition, visual features

Andrea Vedaldi; Brian Fulkerson

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Lagged Average Predictions in a Predictability Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lagged average predictions are examined here within the context of an idealized predictability experiment. Lagged predictions contribute to making better forecasts than the forecasts obtained from using only the latest initial state. Analytic ...

John O. Roads

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Probabilistic Visibility Forecasting Using Bayesian Model Averaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bayesian model averaging (BMA) is a statistical postprocessing technique that has been used in probabilistic weather forecasting to calibrate forecast ensembles and generate predictive probability density functions (PDFs) for weather quantities. ...

Richard M. Chmielecki; Adrian E. Raftery

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

average air temperature | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

average air temperature average air temperature Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Air Temperature at 10 m Above The Surface Of The Earth (deg C)NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Nov 2007)22-year Monthly & Annual Average (July 1983 - June 2005)Parameter: Air Temperature at 10 m Above The Surface Of The Earth (deg C)Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/Note 1: SSE Methodology & Accuracy sections onlineNote 2: Lat/Lon values indicate the lower left corner of a 1x1 degree region. Negative values are south and west; Source U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Date Released March 31st, 2009 (5 years ago) Date Updated April 01st, 2009 (5 years ago) Keywords average air temperature

136

The Shape of Averaged Drop Size Distributions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The shape of averaged drop size distributions (DSD) is studied from a large sample of data (892 h) collected at several sites of various latitudes. The results show that neither the hypothesis of an exponential distribution to represent rainfall ...

Henri Sauvageot; Jean-Pierre Lacaux

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Average Data for Each Choke Setting (before 24-May 2010 06:00), 6-hour average (  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Average Data for Each Choke Setting (before 24-May 2010 06:00), 6-hour average (after 24-May 2010 06:00):" Average Data for Each Choke Setting (before 24-May 2010 06:00), 6-hour average (after 24-May 2010 06:00):" ,,"Choke","Average","Average","Fluid","Methanol","Water","Oil","Gas","Hyd. Eq.","Gas" ,"Choke","Setting","Upstream","Upstream","Recovery","Recovery","Recovery","Recovery","Recovery","Recovery","Recovery" "Date and Time","Setting","Duration","Pressure","Temp.","Rate","Rate","Rate","Rate","Rate","Rate","Portion" "dd-mmm-yy","(64ths)","(hours)","(psia)","(degF)","(bfpd)","(bfpd)","(bwpd)","(bopd)","(mmcfpd)","(boepd)","(%)"

138

A high average power pockels cell  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high average power pockels cell is disclosed which reduced the effect of thermally induced strains in high average power laser technology. The pockels cell includes an elongated, substantially rectangular crystalline structure formed from a KDP-type material to eliminate shear strains. The X- and Y-axes are oriented substantially perpendicular to the edges of the crystal cross-section and to the C-axis direction of propagation to eliminate shear strains.

Daly, T.P.

1986-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

139

Average transmission probability of a random stack  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The transmission through a stack of identical slabs that are separated by gaps with random widths is usually treated by calculating the average of the logarithm of the transmission probability. We show how to calculate the average of the transmission probability itself with the aid of a recurrence relation and derive analytical upper and lower bounds. The upper bound, when used as an approximation for the transmission probability, is unreasonably good and we conjecture that it is asymptotically exact.

Yin Lu; Christian Miniatura; Berthold-Georg Englert

2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

140

Simple Procedures for Extrapolation of Humidity Variables in the Mountainous Western United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A series of simple procedures are presented for extrapolating climatic averages of humidity variables from a reference location with long-term humidity measurements to nearby higher elevation locations. The extrapolation of monthly average ...

Kenneth E. Kunkel

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vision simple average" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Estimating Averaging Times for Point and Path-Averaged Measurements of Turbulence Spectra  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Uncertainty over how long to average turbulence variables to achieve some desired level of statistical stability is a common concern in boundary-layer meteorology. Several models exist that predict averaging times for measurements of variances ...

Edgar L. Andreas

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Federal Employee Dental and Vision Plan (FEDVIP) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Dental and Vision Plan (FEDVIP) Dental and Vision Plan (FEDVIP) Federal Employee Dental and Vision Plan (FEDVIP) The Federal Employee Dental and Vision Benefits Enhancement Act of 2004 provided OPM the opportunity to establish arrangements under which supplemental dental and vision benefits are made available to Federal employees, retirees, and their dependents. Dental and vision benefits are available to eligible Federal and Postal employees, retirees, and their eligible family members on an enrollee-pay-all basis. This Program allows dental insurance and vision insurance to be purchased on a group basis which means competitive premiums and no pre-existing condition limitations. Premiums for enrolled Federal and Postal employees are withheld from salary on a pre-tax basis. Enrollment takes place during the annual Federal Benefits Open Season in

143

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Chemical Manufacturing:  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Technology Pathways Technology Pathways U.S. chemical producers recognize that energy efficiency offers a competitive edge in world markets. In 1996 the U.S. industry entered into partnership with ITP to work toward shared goals. Since then, the Chemical Industry of the Future partnership has been feeding the technology pipeline so that U.S. chemical producers will have the technologies they need to achieve their long-term economic, energy, and environmental goals. The DOE's Industries of the Future process helps entire industries articulate their long-term goals and publish them in a unified vision for the future. To achieve that vision, industry leaders jointly define detailed R&D agendas known as roadmaps. ITP relies on roadmap-defined priorities to target cost-shared solicitations and guide development of a

144

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Aluminum  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Letters of Intent/Agreements Letters of Intent/Agreements Aluminum Association Logo The Aluminum Association and its members participating in the Voluntary Aluminum Industry Partnership (VAIP), representing 98% of primary aluminum production in the United States, have committed under the Climate VISION program to a direct carbon intensity reduction of emissions of perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and of emissions of CO2 from the consumption of the carbon anode from the primary aluminum reduction process. The Climate VISION target is a 53% total carbon equivalent reduction from these sources by 2010 from 1990 levels. The industry has been working to reduce greenhouse gas emissions for over a decade and this new commitment equates to an additional direct carbon-intensity reduction of 65% since 2000. As a

145

2020 Vision Project Summary, FY98  

SciTech Connect

The 2020 Vision project began in 1996 with two participating teachers and four classes. It has since grown to comprise more than a dozen participating teachers and hundreds of students across the country. Much of this growth took place in FY98, thanks to the accomplishment of several major goals: implementation of a mentor program, enhanced teacher training, a mid-year conference for students, recruitment of distant schools, and the development of an interactive Web site. The first part of this report describes these accomplishments, as well as future directions for 2020 Vision. The second part summarized the scenarios students wrote during the 1997-98 school year. it identifies recurrent themes in the students' scenarios and compares/contrasts them with scenarios written in the first two years of the project.

A Munoz; J. C. Clausen; K. P. Scott; K. W. Gordon

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

World average top-quark mass  

SciTech Connect

This paper summarizes a talk given at the Top2008 Workshop at La Biodola, Isola d Elba, Italy. The status of the world average top-quark mass is discussed. Some comments about the challanges facing the experiments in order to further improve the precision are offered.

Glenzinski, D.; /Fermilab

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

STAFF FORECAST: AVERAGE RETAIL ELECTRICITY PRICES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION STAFF FORECAST: AVERAGE RETAIL ELECTRICITY PRICES 2005 TO 2018 report, Staff Forecast: Retail Electricity Prices, 2005 to 2018, was prepared with contributions from the technical assistance provided by Greg Broeking of R.W. Beck, Inc. in preparing retail price forecasts

148

Exact bounds for average pairwise network reliability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several methods for finding exact bounds of average pairwise network connectivity (APNC) are proposed. These methods allows faster decision making about if a network is reliable for its purpose. Previous results on cumulitive updating of all-terminal ... Keywords: algorithm, network reliability, pairwise connectivity

Alexey Rodionov; Olga Rodionova

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Mining: Technology Pathways  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Technology Pathways Technology Pathways As part of the mining vision process, industry develops technology roadmaps to identify critical pathways for the R&D needed to reach their goals. These roadmaps aid both industry and government in making decisions to support R&D critical to the industry's vision of the future. Industry Vision & Roadmaps The following documents are available for download as Adobe PDF documents. Download Acrobat Reader. The Mining Industry of the Future Vision (PDF 122 KB) The industry's unified Vision document outlines broad goals for the future. As part of the mining vision process, industry develops technology roadmaps to identify critical pathways for the R&D needed to reach their goals. These roadmaps aid both industry and government in making decisions to

150

Report: EM Management Analysis and Strategic Vision-Casting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Management Analysis and Strategic Vision-Casting Management Analysis and Strategic Vision-Casting September 25, 2008 Submitted by the EMAB Strategic Vision-Casting Subcommittee Background: In the course of developing the Environmental Management Advisory Board's (EMAB) fiscal year (FY) 2008 review topics, EM leadership and Board members recognized a need to re-examine the program's strategy and vision for the future, in order to better position EM and continue its momentum for clean-up and closure. This endeavor will also ensure that the next administration and current stakeholders are aligned with EM's proposed priorities, funding requirements, and commitments for 2009 and beyond. Consequently, the Board formed a Strategic Vision-Casting Subcommittee that was charged with the assignment of reviewing EM's current and past missions and strategic visions to assess

151

DOE Releases Climate VISION Progress Report 2007 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

VISION Progress Report 2007 VISION Progress Report 2007 DOE Releases Climate VISION Progress Report 2007 February 11, 2008 - 11:29am Addthis Outlines Industry Progress in Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Intensity through Climate VISION Partnership WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today released the Climate VISION Progress Report 2007, which reports on the actions taken by energy-intensive industries to improve greenhouse gas emissions intensity of their operations from 2002 to 2006. The report indicates that the power and energy-intensive industrial sectors improved their combined emissions intensity by 9.4 percent over this four year period, and in 2006, actual greenhouse gas emissions for these sectors fell a combined 1.4 percent. Climate VISION-Voluntary Innovative Sector Initiatives: Opportunities

152

Sources Of Average Individual Radiation Exposure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Of Average Individual Radiation Exposure Of Average Individual Radiation Exposure Natural background Medical Consumer products Industrial, security, educational and research Occupational 0.311 rem 0.300 rem 0.013 rem 0.0003 rem 0.0005 rem Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC, provides radiological protection services and oversight at the Savannah River Site (SRS). These services include radiation dose measurements for persons who enter areas where they may be exposed to radiation or radioactive material. The results are periodically reported to monitored individuals. The results listed are based on a radiation dose system developed by the International Commission on Radiation Protection. The system uses the terms "effective dose," "equivalent dose" and units of rem. You may be more familiar with the term "millirem" (mrem), which is 1/1000 of a rem.

153

Fat turnover in obese slower than average  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9-04 9-04 For immediate release: 09/23/2011 | NR-11-09-04 Fat turnover in obese slower than average Anne M Stark, LLNL, (925) 422-9799, stark8@llnl.gov Printer-friendly This scanning electron micrograph image shows part of a lobule of adipose tissue (body fat). Adipose tissue is specialized connective tissue that functions as the major storage site for fat. Photo courtesy of David Gregory & Debbie Marshall/Wellcome Images LIVERMORE, Calif. -- It may be more difficult for obese people to lose fat because the "turnover" rate is much slower for those overweight than average weight individuals. New research in the Sept. 25 online edition of the journal Nature shows that the turnover (storage and loss rate) of fat in the human body is about 1 1/2 years compared to fat cells, which turnover about every 10 years,

154

Natural Gas Prices: Well Above Recent Averages  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: The recent surge in spot prices at the Henry Hub are well above a typical range for 1998-1999 (in this context, defined as the average, +/- 2 standard deviations). Past price surges have been of short duration. The possibility of a downward price adjustment before the end of next winter is a source of considerable risk for storage operators who acquire gas at recent elevated prices. Storage levels in the Lower 48 States were 7.5 percent below the 5-year average (1995-1999) by mid-August (August 11), although the differential is only 6.4 percent in the East, which depends most heavily on storage to meet peak demand. Low storage levels are attributable, at least in part, to poor price incentives: high current prices combined with only small price

155

Vision 2020: Lighting Technology Roadmap | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vision 2020: Lighting Technology Roadmap Vision 2020: Lighting Technology Roadmap Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Vision 2020: Lighting Technology Roadmap Agency/Company /Organization: United States Department of Energy, LBNL International Energy Studies, International Association of Lighting Designers, International Association of Lighting Management Companies Partner: NAED, NEMA, NEMRA, NECA, NAILD Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Topics: Market analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: www.nrel.gov/docs/fy00osti/27996.pdf References: Vision 2020: Lighting Technology Roadmap[1] Overview "Continued innovation in lamps and other system components, as well as in design practices, have made lighting progressively more effective,

156

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: SkyVision  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and dailyannual lighting energy savings. SkyVision accounts for the skylight shape and glazing, geometry of the indoor space (curb, well, room), skylight layouts,...

157

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Oil and Gas: Work...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Work Plans API has developed a work plan based on API's commitment letter and the Climate Challenge Program which addresses the overall elements of the Climate VISION program...

158

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory Our Vision. Our Mission...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

National Accelerator Laboratory Our Vision. Our Mission. Our Values. SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory 2575 Sand Hill Road Menlo Park, CA 94025-7015 slac.stanford.edu Great...

159

LookTel --- Computer Vision Applications for the Visually Impaired  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interface Elements. IEEE Computer Graphics and Applicationstext in natural scenes. In Computer Vision and PatternProceedings of the 2004 IEEE Computer Society Conference

Sudol, Jeremi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Vision for the Future | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Vision for the Future Home > About Us > Our Programs > Defense Programs > Future Science & Technology Programs >...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vision simple average" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Oil and Gas: Resources...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

of oil and gas related programs with relevance to the Climate VISION program: Deep Trek Water, Air, and Soil Protection Natural Gas Infrastructure Methane Hydrates Hydrogen...

162

Impact Ionization Model Using Average Energy and Average Square Energy of Distribution Function  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impact Ionization Model Using Average Energy and Average Square Energy of Distribution Function Ken relaxation length, v sat ø h''i (¸ 0:05¯m), the energy distribution function is not well described calculation of impact ionization coefficient requires the use of a high energy distribution function because

Dunham, Scott

163

Simple Power, LP | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Power, LP Power, LP Jump to: navigation, search Name Simple Power, LP Place Texas Utility Id 56257 Utility Location Yes Ownership R NERC Location TRE ISO Ercot Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates Residential: $0.1110/kWh Commercial: $0.1290/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Simple_Power,_LP&oldid=411522" Categories: EIA Utility Companies and Aliases Utility Companies Organizations

164

Computer Vision and Human-Computer Interaction: artificial vision techniques and use cases with creating interfaces and interaction models.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Here is described how Computer Vision could give improvements to Human-Computer Interaction. Starting from a brief description of computers and human beings, follows a description (more)

Comite, Marco

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Average Price of Natural Gas Production  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

. . Quantity and Average Price of Natural Gas Production in the United States, 1930-1996 (Volumes in Million Cubic Feet, Prices in Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Table Year Gross Withdrawals Used for Repressuring Nonhydro- carbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production Extraction Loss Dry Production Average Wellhead Price of Marketed Production 1930 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,978,911 75,140 1,903,771 0.08 1931 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,721,902 62,288 1,659,614 0.07 1932 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,593,798 51,816 1,541,982 0.06 1933 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,596,673 48,280 1,548,393 0.06 1934 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,815,796 52,190 1,763,606 0.06 1935 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,968,963 55,488 1,913,475 0.06 1936 ....................... 2,691,512 73,507 NA 392,528 2,225,477

166

Average values and dispersion (in parentheses)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Average values and dispersion (in parentheses) Average values and dispersion (in parentheses) Base-pair Parameters --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Shear Stretch Stagger Buckle Propeller Opening 3DNA A 0.01(0.23) -0.18(0.10) 0.02(0.25) -0.13(7.77) -11.79(4.14) 0.57(2.80) B 0.00(0.21) -0.15(0.12) 0.09(0.19) 0.53(6.74) -11.35(5.26) 0.63(3.05) CEHS A 0.01(0.23) -0.18(0.10) 0.02(0.25) -0.13(7.75) -11.82(4.14) 0.56(2.78) B 0.00(0.21) -0.14(0.12) 0.09(0.19) 0.53(6.73) -11.37(5.27) 0.62(3.03) CompDNA A 0.01(0.23) -0.18(0.10) 0.02(0.25) -0.12(7.70) -11.81(4.14) 0.56(2.79) B 0.00(0.21) -0.15(0.12) 0.09(0.19) 0.53(6.70) -11.37(5.26) 0.62(3.03) Curves A 0.01(0.23) -0.18(0.10) 0.02(0.25) -0.13(7.85) -11.76(4.12) 0.57(2.80)

167

Molecular Evolution: Automated Manipulation of Hierarchical Chemical Topology and Its Application to Average Molecular Structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple hierarchical data structure (tree) and associated set of algorithms (written in Mathematica) have been developed that permit the direct manipulation of the topology of a molecule while simultaneously maintaining valid chemical valence. Coupled ... Keywords: Mathematica, average chemical structure, chemical topology, genetic algorithm, genetic program, hierarchy, topological descriptor

Robert B. Nachbar

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Mobile and Stationary Computer Vision based Traffic Surveillance Techniques for Advanced ITS Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

more robust and reliable computer vision techniques areIEEE International Conference on Computer Vision and PatternProc. 3 rd Eur.Conf. Computer Vision, 1994 [32] H.

Cao, Meng

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Locally Calibrated Probabilistic Temperature Forecasting Using Geostatistical Model Averaging and Local Bayesian Model Averaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors introduce two ways to produce locally calibrated grid-based probabilistic forecasts of temperature. Both start from the Global Bayesian model averaging (Global BMA) statistical postprocessing method, which has constant predictive bias ...

William Kleiber; Adrian E. Raftery; Jeffrey Baars; Tilmann Gneiting; Clifford F. Mass; Eric Grimit

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

ClayVision: the (elastic) image of the city  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we describe ClayVision, a new quasi-immersive urban navigation system that rethinks the design conventions of existing Augmented Reality (AR) applications, by aggressively incorporating knowledge from non-Computer Science fields - namely ... Keywords: augmented reality, computer vision, information design, urban navigation, urban planning

Yuichiro Takeuchi; Ken Perlin

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

MONOCULAR OPTICAL FLOW FOR REAL-TIME VISION SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MONOCULAR OPTICAL FLOW FOR REAL-TIME VISION SYSTEMS Stephen M. Benoit and Frank P. Ferrie TR-CIM-96 268510 FAX: 514 398-7348 Email: cim@cim.mcgill.ca #12;MONOCULAR OPTICAL FLOW FOR REAL-TIME VISION SYSTEMS

Dudek, Gregory

172

Grid Computing: Enabling a Vision for Collaborative Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we provide a motivation for Grid computing based on a vision to enable a collaborative research environment. Our vision goes beyond the connection of hardware resources. We argue that with an infrastructure such as the Grid, new modalities ...

Gregor von Laszewski

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Grading of construction aggregate through machine vision: Results and prospects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traditionally, crushed aggregate to be used in construction is graded using sieves. We describe an innovative machine vision approach to such grading. Our operational scenario is one where a camera takes images from directly overhead of a layer of aggregate ... Keywords: Construction industry, Image database, Machine vision, Supervised and unsupervised classification, Wavelet transform

Fionn Murtagh; Xiaoyu Qiao; Paul Walsh; P. A. M. Basheer; Danny Crookes; Adrian Long

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

SunShot Initiative: SunShot Vision Study  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vision Study Vision Study Composite image of 3 photographs of solar technologies, showing a lit tower, rows of silver troughs, and rows of PV panels. The SunShot Vision Study projects that solar technologies could satisfy roughly 14% of U.S. electricity demand by 2030 and 27% by 2050. Cover Design by Josh Bauer/NREL The SunShot Vision Study provides an in-depth assessment of the potential for solar technologies to meet a significant share of electricity demand in the United States during the next several decades. The DOE study explores a future in which the cost of solar technologies decreases by about 75% between 2010 and 2020 in line with the SunShot Initiative's cost targets. With a focus on photovoltaics (PV) and concentrating solar power (CSP), the SunShot Vision Study examines the potential pathways, barriers, and implications of achieving the SunShot Initiative price reduction targets and resulting market penetration levels.

175

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: SkyVision  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SkyVision SkyVision SkyVision logo. Calculates the overall optical characteristics (transmittance, absorptance, reflectance and Solar Heat Gain Coefficient) of conventional and tubular skylights, performance indicators of skylight/room interfaces (well efficiency and coefficient of utilization), indoor daylight availability (daylight factor and illuminance) and daily/annual lighting energy savings. SkyVision accounts for the skylight shape and glazing, geometry of the indoor space (curb, well, room), skylight layouts, lighting and shading controls, site location and sky/ground conditions. SkyVision is unique--it uses the state-of-art glazing models and ray-tracing-based methods to compute the optical characteristics of skylights and indoor daylight availability. Screen Shots

176

Fact Sheet -- Climate VISION 02-12-031.doc | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Climate VISION 02-12-031.doc&0; More Documents & Publications Meeting President Bush's Climate Change Challenge to Business and Industry Climate Vision Progress Report 2007...

177

Vision for 2025: A Framework for Change  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Action Plan for Energy Effi Action Plan for Energy Effi ciency Vision for 2025: A Framework for Change A RESOURCE OF THE NATIONAL ACTION PLAN FOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY NOVEMBER 2008 Letter from the Co-Chairs of the National Action Plan for Energy Effi ciency November 2008 To all, As you know, the National Action Plan for Energy Effi ciency is playing a vital role in advancing the dialogue and the pursuit of energy effi ciency in our homes, buildings, and industries -an important energy resource for the country. With the commitment and leadership from more than 60 diverse organizations nationwide we have made great progress in a short time. We have: * Developed fi ve broad and meaningful recommendations for pursuing cost-effective energy effi ciency. * Brought together more than 100 organizations from 50 states around this common goal to take energy effi

178

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Forest Products  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Letters of Intent/Agreements Letters of Intent/Agreements American Forest & Paper Association Logo The American Forest & Paper Association (AF&PA) supports the Climate VISION initiative to address climate change through enhanced research in technology and science, incentives, and voluntary efforts from all sectors of the American economy. The members of AF&PA have undertaken a series of programs through which they are collectively committed to meeting the President's intensity reduction goals. These programs include inventorying and reporting on greenhouse gases, actions to enhance sequestration in managed forests and products, development and implementation of improved technologies, efforts to improve energy efficiency, use of cogeneration and increased use of renewable energy, and recycling. AF&PA expects that these programs will

179

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Aluminum: Results  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Results Results The Aluminum Association and the federal government have document progress in the Climate Vision program. The results are measured by metrics developed by the industry, in partnership with the government, and reported. Progress will also be tracked under the umbrella of the Voluntary Aluminum Industrial Partnership website. Please check back on this website and the Energy Information Agency website for updates. In 2005, the industry achieved the goal set for 2010. A 56 percent reduction in direct process emissions per ton of production, including combined reductions in PFC's and CO2, exceeds the 53 percent commitment for 2010. Further progress is expected in the industry, however complications from high power costs and potential curtailments make predictions for further reductions

180

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Electric Power  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Letters of Intent/Agreements Letters of Intent/Agreements The electric power sector participates in the Climate VISION program through the Electric Power Industry Climate Initiative (EPICI) and its Power Partners program, which is being developed in cooperation with the Department of Energy. The memberships of the seven organizations that comprise EPICI represent 100% of the power generators in the United States. Through individual commitments and collective actions, the power sector will strive to make meaningful contributions to the President's greenhouse gas intensity goal. EPICI members also support efforts to increase technology research, development and deployment that will help the power sector, and other sectors, achieve the President's goal. The seven organizations comprising EPICI are the American Public Power

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vision simple average" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Navigating without vision: Basic and applied research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT: We describe some of the results of our program of basic and applied research on navigating without vision. One basic research topic that we have studied extensively is path integration, a form of navigation in which perceived self-motion is integrated over time to obtain an estimate of current posilion and orientation. In experiments on pathway completion, one test of path integration ability, we have found that subjects who are passively guided over the outbound path without vision exhibit significant errors when attempting to return to the origin but are nevertheless sensitive to turns and segment lengths in the stimulus path. We have also found no major differences in path inlegration ability among blirid and sighted populations. A model we havc developed that attributes errors in path integration to errors in encoding the stimulus path is a good beginning toward understanding path integration performance. In otber research on path integration, in which optic flow information was manipulated in addition to the proprioceptive and vestibular information of nonvisual locomotion, we havc found that optic flow is a weak input to the path integration process. In other basic research, our studies of auditory distance perception in outdoor environments show systematic underestimation oC sound source distance. Our applied research has been concerned with developing and evaluating a navigation system for the visually impaired that uses three recent technologies: the Global Positioning System, Geographic Information Systems, and virtual acouslics. Our work shows that there is considerable promise of these three technologies in allowing visually impaired individuals to navigate and learn about unfamiliar environments without the assistance of human guides. (Optoni Vis Sci 2001;78:282-289)

Jack M. Loomis; Roberta L. Klatzky; Reginald G. Golledge

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Low Carbon Society Vision 2050: India | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low Carbon Society Vision 2050: India Low Carbon Society Vision 2050: India Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Low Carbon Society Vision 2050: India Agency/Company /Organization: National Institute for Environmental Studies, Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, Kyoto University, Mizuho Information & Research Institute Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar Phase: Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Develop Goals Topics: Background analysis, Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment Resource Type: Case studies/examples, Guide/manual, Lessons learned/best practices, Publications

183

Table 5B. Commercial Average Monthly Bill by Census Division ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Home > Electricity > Electric Sales, Revenue, and Price > Commercial Average Monthly Bill by Census Division, and State: Table 5B. Commercial Average Monthly Bill by ...

184

On the String Averaging Method for Sparse Common Fixed Points ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jul 10, 2008 ... gate a string-averaging algorithmic scheme that favorably handles the ... are special cases of the string-averaging and of the BIP algorithmic...

185

Table 5A. Residential Average Monthly Bill by Census Division ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table 5A. Residential Average Monthly Bill by Census Division, and State, 2009: Census Division State Number of Consumers Average Monthly Consumption ...

186

Average summer gasoline prices expected to be slightly lower ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The retail price for regular gasoline is expected to average $3.63 per gallon during this summer driving season, slightly below average prices over ...

187

Table 5B. Commercial average monthly bill by census division...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

" Census Division " " State ","Number of Consumers "," Average Monthly Consumption (kWh)","Price (Cents per Kilowatthour)","Average Monthly Bill (Dollar and cents)" "New...

188

Simple Coupled Midlatitude Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A set of simple analytical models is presented and evaluated for interannual to decadal coupled oceanatmosphere modes at midlatitudes. The atmosphere and ocean are each in Sverdrup balance at these long timescales. The atmospheres temperature ...

Lynne D. Talley

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Testing Simple Models of ENSO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The realistic simulation of El NioSouthern Oscillation (ENSO) by the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), coupled atmosphereocean general circulation model (CGCM) is used to test two simple theoretical models of the phenomenon: the ...

Carlos R. Mechoso; J. David Neelin; Jin-Yi Yu

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Organizing technologies of vision: Making the invisible visible in media-laden observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sociomaterial practices produce, in many cases, opportunities for different modes of vision that further structure social practices. The very organization of the technologies of vision, or visual media, thus demands scholarly attention. Drawing on media ... Keywords: Matter, Media theory, Media-laden vision, Vision

Alexander Styhre

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

The Electricity Transmission System Future Vision & Grid Challenges  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Future Vision & Grid Challenges Future Vision & Grid Challenges Summary Results of Breakout Group Discussions Electricity Transmission Workshop Double Tree Crystal City, Arlington, Virginia November 1, 2012 Breakout Group Discussion Overview Future Vision and Grid Challenges Each of the four breakout groups identified the key challenges facing the grid as it integrates all of the various technologies that are (or will be) deployed while ensuring a safe, reliable, and cost-effective system as described in the Future Vision. Utilizing the Grid Tech Team framework, each group identified integration challenges through a systems-based discussion that addressed all of the following topics: * Grid Visibility What challenges in the informational domain (sensors and relays, AMIs, PMUs, end-use energy

192

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Cement: Technology Pathways  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Technology Pathways Technology Pathways The DOE's Industries of the Future process helps entire industries articulate their long-term goals and publish them in a unified vision for the future. To achieve that vision, industry leaders jointly define detailed R&D agendas known as roadmaps. ITP relies on roadmap-defined priorities to target cost-shared solicitations and guide development of a balanced R&D portfolio that yields useful results in the near, mid, and long term. Industry Vision & Roadmaps Two documents address the cement industry's challenges and priorities: Vision 2030, which outlines broad goals for the future, and Roadmap 2030, which established the industry's R&D priorities. ITP and the Strategic Development Council, a council of the American Concrete Institute's

193

DOE Wind Vision Community | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DOE Wind Vision Community DOE Wind Vision Community Home > Groups > Groups > DOE Wind Vision Community Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds There are no feeds from external sites for this group. Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Group members (3) Managers: Graham7781 Recent members: GrandpasKnob Jamespr Recent content Wind technology roadmap Total Cost Per MwH for all common large scale power generation sources If I generate 20 percent of my national electricity from wind and solar - what does it do to my GDP and Trade Balance ? What should we name the wind vision? Group members (3) Managers: Graham7781 Recent members: GrandpasKnob Jamespr 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

194

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Aluminum: Work Plans  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

finalized its work plan with the collaboration of EPA. The plan describes actions the industry intends to take to achieve its Climate VISION goal by 2010. Read the Aluminum...

195

Overview of NETL In-House Vision 21 Activities  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Office of Science and Technology at the National Energy Technology Laboratory, conducts research in support of Department of Energy's Fossil Energy Program. The research is funded through a variety of programs with each program focusing on a particular aspect of fossil energy. Since the Vision 21 Concept is based on the Advanced Power System Programs (Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle, Pressurized Fluid Bed, HIPPS, Advanced Turbine Systems, and Fuel Cells) it is not surprising that much of the research supports the Vision 21 Concept. The research is classified and presented according to ''enabling technologies'' and ''supporting technologies'' as defined by the Vision 21 Program. Enabling technology include fuel flexible gasification, fuel flexible combustion, hydrogen separation from fuel gas, advanced combustion systems, circulating fluid bed technology, and fuel cells. Supporting technologies include development of advanced materials, computer simulations, computation al fluid dynamics modeling, and advanced environmental control. An overview of Vision 21 related research is described, emphasizing recent accomplishments and capabilities.

Wildman, David J.

2001-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

196

Combining Path Integration and Remembered Landmarks When Navigating without Vision  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study investigated the interaction between remembered landmark and path integration strategies for estimating current location when walking in an environment without vision. We asked whether observers navigating without ...

Schrater, Paul R.

197

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Iron and Steel: Technology...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

results in the near, mid, and long term. Industry Vision & Roadmaps Saving One Barrel of Oil per Ton of Steel: A New Roadmap for Transformation of Steelmaking Process (October...

198

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - Our Vision and Mission  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Our Vision and Mission All employee gathering at SLAC SLAC is one of 10 national laboratories under the stewardship of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science. To learn...

199

Camera Models and Fundamental Concepts Used in Geometric Computer Vision  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This survey is mainly motivated by the increased availability and use of panoramic image acquisition devices, in computer vision and various of its applications. Different technologies and different computational models thereof exist and algorithms and ...

Peter Sturm; Srikumar Ramalingam; Jean-Philippe Tardif; Simone Gasparini; Joo Barreto

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

DOE Research and Development Accomplishments: Visions of Success...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

DOE R&D Accomplishments: Visions of Success I (also on YouTube) Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vision simple average" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Sparse non-linear least squares optimization for geometric vision  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several estimation problems in vision involve the minimization of cumulative geometric error using non-linear least-squares fitting. Typically, this error is characterized by the lack of interdependence among certain subgroups of the parameters to be ...

Manolis I. A. Lourakis

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Automatic Estimation of Cloud Amount Using Computer Vision  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A study was carried out to establish the feasibility of using computer vision to estimate cloud amount. Various techniques were investigated and optimum diagnostic parameters derived. These were then applied to a number of images representing a ...

Gordon B. Davis; David J. Griggs; Geoffrey D. Sullivan

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Eagle Vision : new directions in K-12 GIS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Eagle Vision is an NSF-funded three-year project that instructs High School teachers working in tribal schools in GIS and GIT, and in GIS-based curriculum design. (more)

Wiley, Cody

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Architectures massivement parallles et vision artificielle bas-niveau.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Ce travail de thse tudie l'apport la vision bas-niveau des architectures de calcul massivement parallles. Nous reprenons l'volution rcente de l'architecture des ordinateurs, en (more)

Plyer, Aurlien

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

PureVision Technology Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PureVision Technology Inc PureVision Technology Inc Jump to: navigation, search Logo: PureVision Technology Inc Name PureVision Technology Inc Address 511 McKinley Place Fort Lupton, Colorado Zip 80621 Sector Biofuels Product Cellulosic bio-refining Website http://www.purevisiontechnolog Coordinates 40.084111°, -104.814094° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.084111,"lon":-104.814094,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

206

SIMPLE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Much of the success of video for instruction or research rests on the material used to support goals and objectives. This paper suggests guidelines intended to simplify the process of converting existing and new recordings into something useful. A quick comment about how video and audio recordings are processed may be

Michael R. Chial, Ph.D.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Polly: a vision-based artificial agent  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper I will describe Polly, a low cost visionbased robot that gives primitive tours. The system is very simple, robust and efficient, and runs on a hardware platform which could be duplicated for less than $10K US. The system was built to explore ...

Ian Horswill

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Grid Modeling for the SunShot Vision Study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document describes the use of production cost modeling in the SunShot Vision study, including methods used to create the SunShot Vision scenarios, their implementation in the Gridview model, and assumptions regarding transmission system and operation of each generator type. It also describes challenges and limitations of modeling solar generation technologies in production cost models, and suggests methods for improving their representation in current models.

Brinkman, G.; Denholm, P.; Drury, E.; Ela, E.; Mai, T.; Margolis, R.; Mowers, M.

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Texas Gulf Coast Refinery District API Gravity (Weighted Average ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Texas Gulf Coast Refinery District API Gravity (Weighted Average) of Crude Oil Input to Refineries (Degree)

210

A Simple Method for Diagnosing the Bottom Current Field of the Worlds Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple diagnostic method presented here uses the already well-known dynamics for large-scale, time-averaged circulation (i.e., depth-integrated vorticity balance or topographic Sverdrup balance) and takes into account the material conservation ...

Young-Hyang Park; Jean Michel Guernier

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Simple model of the greenhouse effect  

SciTech Connect

This report describes a simple model that breaks new ground by attempting to encompass the whole cause and effect of the greenhouse effect caused by the emission of carbon dioxide. The model includes a carbon dioxide emissions module, a carbon cycle module, and an atmospheric temperature module. Each of the component modules is considerably less elaborate than the current state-of-the-art modules. In addition to the three modules, the simple model simulates the impact of climate change on the production of food and simulates the impact of both expensive food and expensive energy on world GNP. The report presents the detailed equations of the model and sample results. A key assumption is that the world GNP will increase by about a factor of 12 in the next 200 years (an average rate of about 1% per year). If the world GNP increases at this rate, by 2000 the world must begin a major shift to solar energy or nuclear power if the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is to be kept below 600 ppM. 19 refs., 16 figs., 4 tabs.

Reister, D.B.

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Simple Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Simple Energy Simple Energy Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Simple Energy Agency/Company /Organization: Simple Energy Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: www.simpleenergy.com/ Country: United States Web Application Link: www.simpleenergy.com/ Cost: Free OpenEI Keyword(s): Green Button Apps, Featured UN Region: Northern America Coordinates: 40.0149856°, -105.2705456° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.0149856,"lon":-105.2705456,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

213

Simple two Higgs doublet model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study a simple two Higgs doublet model which reflects, in a phenomenological way, the idea of compositeness for the Higgs sector. It is relatively predictive. In one scenario, it allows for a "hidden" usual Higgs particle in the 100 GeV region and a possible dark matter candidate.

Jora, Renata; Nasri, Salah; Schechter, Joseph; Shahid, M Naeem

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

A Simple Theory for Waterspouts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is shown that the simple thermodynamic theory for dust devils, proposed by Renn et al., also applies to waterspouts. The theory is based on the thermodynamics of heat engines and predicts the central pressure and the wind speed of these ...

Nilton O. Renn; Howard B. Bluestein

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8: July 12, 2004 8: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles on AddThis.com... Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles Twenty-five percent of the respondents to a nationwide survey said that

216

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #536: September 15, 2008 Average...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6: September 15, 2008 Average Used Car Prices Up and Used Light Truck Prices Down to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 536: September 15, 2008 Average Used...

217

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #517: May 5, 2008 State Average...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7: May 5, 2008 State Average Gasoline Prices, April 18, 2008 to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 517: May 5, 2008 State Average Gasoline Prices, April 18,...

218

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #87: May 4, 1999 Average Annual...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7: May 4, 1999 Average Annual Miles per Vehicle by Vehicle Type and Age to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 87: May 4, 1999 Average Annual Miles per...

219

Probabilistic Quantitative Precipitation Forecasting Using Bayesian Model Averaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bayesian model averaging (BMA) is a statistical way of postprocessing forecast ensembles to create predictive probability density functions (PDFs) for weather quantities. It represents the predictive PDF as a weighted average of PDFs centered on ...

J. Mc Lean Sloughter; Adrian E. Raftery; Tilmann Gneiting; Chris Fraley

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #744: September 10, 2012 Average...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4: September 10, 2012 Average New Light Vehicle Price Grows Faster than Average Used Light Vehicle Price to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 744:...

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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Improving Wind ProfilerMeasured Winds Using Coplanar Spectral Averaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is presented that increases the detectability of weak clear-air signals by averaging Doppler spectra from coplanar wind profiler beams. The method, called coplanar spectral averaging (CSA), is applied to both simulated wind profiler ...

Robert Schafer; Susan K. Avery; Kenneth S. Gage; Paul E. Johnston; D. A. Carter

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

On Lateral Dispersion Coefficients as Functions of Averaging Time  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Plume dispersion coefficients are discussed in terms of single-particle and relative diffusion, and are investigated as functions of averaging time. To demonstrate the effects of averaging time on the relative importance of various dispersion ...

C. M. Sheih

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Vorticity Dynamics and Zonally Averaged Ocean Circulation Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Diagnostic equations relating the zonally averaged overturning circulation to northsouth density variations are derived and used to determine a new closure scheme for use in zonally averaged ocean models. The presentation clarifies the dynamical ...

Daniel G. Wright; Cornelis B. Vreugdenhil; Tertia M. C. Hughes

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Table 5C. Industrial Average Monthly Bill by Census Division ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Home > Electricity > Electric Sales, Revenue, and Price > Industrial Average Monthly Bill by Census Division, and State: Table 5C. Industrial ...

225

Maryland Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential and ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential and Commercial Consumers by Local Distribution and Marketers in Selected States

226

Optimization Online - "Block-Iterative and String-Averaging ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jul 19, 2009 ... Optimization Online. "Block-Iterative and String-Averaging Projection Algorithms in Proton Computed Tomography Image Reconstruction".

227

Table 4. Average retail price for bundled and unbundled consumers ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table 4. Average retail price for bundled and unbundled consumers by sector, Census Division, and State 2011

228

DOE Wind Vision Community | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DOE Wind Vision Community DOE Wind Vision Community Home > Features > Groups Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Content type Blog entry Discussion Document Poll Question Keywords Author Apply GrandpasKnob Wind technology roadmap Posted by: GrandpasKnob 13 Aug 2013 - 12:58 I think it would be valuable for DOE to consider the creation of a wind technology roadmap as part of their new vision. In the semiconductor industry, Moore's Law became a self-fulfilling prophecy due... Jamespr Total Cost Per MwH for all common large scale power generation sources Posted by: Jamespr 6 May 2013 - 17:52 In the US DOEnergy, are there calcuations for real cost of energy considering the negative, socialized costs of all commercial large scale power generation soruces ? I am talking about the cost...

229

Simple Fully Automated Group Classification on Brain fMRI  

SciTech Connect

We propose a simple, well grounded classification technique which is suited for group classification on brain fMRI data sets that have high dimensionality, small number of subjects, high noise level, high subject variability, imperfect registration and capture subtle cognitive effects. We propose threshold-split region as a new feature selection method and majority voteas the classification technique. Our method does not require a predefined set of regions of interest. We use average acros ssessions, only one feature perexperimental condition, feature independence assumption, and simple classifiers. The seeming counter-intuitive approach of using a simple design is supported by signal processing and statistical theory. Experimental results in two block design data sets that capture brain function under distinct monetary rewards for cocaine addicted and control subjects, show that our method exhibits increased generalization accuracy compared to commonly used feature selection and classification techniques.

Honorio, J.; Goldstein, R.; Honorio, J.; Samaras, D.; Tomasi, D.; Goldstein, R.Z.

2010-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

230

Microsoft Word - Whitepaper_The Modern Grid Vision_APPROVED_2009...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Vision for the Smart Grid The Modern Grid Strategy A VISION FOR THE SMART GRID Developed for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability...

231

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #310: March 8, 2004 Average Material  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0: March 8, 2004 0: March 8, 2004 Average Material Consumption for a Domestic Automobile to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #310: March 8, 2004 Average Material Consumption for a Domestic Automobile on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #310: March 8, 2004 Average Material Consumption for a Domestic Automobile on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #310: March 8, 2004 Average Material Consumption for a Domestic Automobile on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #310: March 8, 2004 Average Material Consumption for a Domestic Automobile on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #310: March 8, 2004 Average Material Consumption for a Domestic Automobile on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #310:

232

Average Interest Rate for Treasury Securities | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Average Interest Rate for Treasury Securities Average Interest Rate for Treasury Securities Consumer Data Apps Challenges Resources About Blogs Let's Talk Feedback Consumer You are here Data.gov » Communities » Consumer » Data Average Interest Rate for Treasury Securities Dataset Summary Description This dataset shows the average interest rates for U.S Treasury securities for the most recent month compared with the same month of the previous year. The data is broken down by the various marketable and non-marketable securities. The summary page for the data provides links for monthly reports from 2001 through the current year. Average Interest Rates are calculated on the total unmatured interest-bearing debt. The average interest rates for total marketable, total non-marketable and total interest-bearing debt do not include the U.S. Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities.

233

Simple Inference Heuristics versus Complex Decision Machines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: complex algorithms, decision making, deep thought, fast and frugal decisions, simple heuristics

Peter M. Todd

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Orbit-averaged guiding-center Fokker-Planck operator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A general orbit-averaged guiding-center Fokker-Planck operator suitable for the numerical analysis of transport processes in axisymmetric magnetized plasmas is presented. The orbit-averaged guiding-center operator describes transport processes in a three-dimensional guiding-center invariant space: the orbit-averaged magnetic-flux invariant {psi}, the minimum-B pitch-angle coordinate {xi}{sub 0}, and the momentum magnitude p.

Brizard, A. J. [Department of Chemistry and Physics, Saint Michael's College, Colchester, Vermont 05439 (United States); Decker, J.; Peysson, Y.; Duthoit, F.-X. [CEA, IRFM, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance F-13108 (France)

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

235

A simple theory of condensation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple assumption of the emergence in gas of small atomic clusters consisting of c particles each leads to a phase separation (first-order transition). It reveals itself by the emergence of a 'forbidden' density range starting at a certain temperature. Defining this latter value as the critical temperature predicts the existence of an interval with the anomalous heat capacity behavior c{sub p} {proportional_to} {Delta}T{sup -1/c}. The value c = 13 suggested in the literature yields the heat capacity exponent {alpha} = 0.077.

Rabinovich, S., E-mail: shaulr@orange.net.il [Digital Verification Technology (Israel)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

236

Simple laws of urban growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By analysing the evolution of the street network of Greater London from the late 1700s to the present, we are able to shed light on the inner mechanisms that lie behind the growth of a city. First we define an object called a city as a spatial discontinuous phenomena, from clustering the density of street intersections. Second, we find that the city growth mechanisms can be described by two logistic laws, hence can be determined by a simple model of urban network growth in the presence of competition for limited space.

Masucci, Paolo; Batty, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Average Depth of Crude Oil and Natural Gas Wells  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Average depth may ...

238

Table AP7. Average Expenditures for Home Appliances and Lighting ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

A household is assigned to a climate zone according to the 30-year average annual degree-days for an appropriate nearby weather station.

239

Electric Sales, Revenue, and Average Price 2011 - Energy Information...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

All Electricity Reports Electric Sales, Revenue, and Average Price With Data for 2011 | Release Date: September 27, 2012 | Next Release Date: September, 2013 Previous editions...

240

Chapter 5. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price of ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

106 U.S. Energy Information Administration/Electric Power Monthly June 2012 Chapter 5. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price of Electricity

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vision simple average" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Table 14a. Average Electricity Prices, Projected vs. Actual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

a. Average Electricity Prices, Projected vs. Actual" "Projected Price in Constant Dollars" " (constant dollars, cents per kilowatt-hour in ""dollar year"" specific to each AEO)"...

242

Average wholesale electric power prices rose in 2010 - Today in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average wholesale electric power prices rose in 2010, due to higher national natural gas prices and increased demand for electricity, particularly in the Eastern ...

243

Electric Sales, Revenue, and Average Price 2011 - Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Class of Ownership, Number of Consumers, Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price for Power Marketers and Energy Service Providers by State: T12:

244

Today in Energy - Average wholesale natural gas prices mostly ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average spot natural gas prices, which reflect the wholesale price of natural gas at major trading points, generally declined in most U.S. regional markets about 7% ...

245

Ohio Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential and ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential and Commercial Consumers by Local Distribution and Marketers in Selected States (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet ...

246

Average prices for spot sulfur dioxide emissions allowances at ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The weighted average spot price for sulfur dioxide (SO 2) emissions allowances awarded to winning bidders at Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) annual auction on ...

247

Climate: monthly and annual average relative humidity GIS data...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate: monthly and annual average relative humidity GIS data at one-degree resolution of the World from NASASSE

(Abstract):
Relative Humidity at 10 m...

248

Pennsylvania Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential and Commercial Consumers by Local Distribution and Marketers in Selected States (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet ...

249

District of Columbia Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential and Commercial Consumers by Local Distribution and Marketers in Selected States (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet ...

250

Michigan Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential and ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential and Commercial Consumers by Local Distribution and Marketers in Selected States (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet ...

251

,"U.S. Natural Gas Average Annual Consumption per Commercial...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Natural Gas Average Annual Consumption per Commercial Consumer (Mcf)",1,"Annual",2011...

252

,"U.S. Natural Gas Average Annual Consumption per Industrial...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Natural Gas Average Annual Consumption per Industrial Consumer (Mcf)",1,"Annual",2011...

253

2012 Brief: Average wholesale electricity prices down compared ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

2012 Brief: Average wholesale electricity prices down compared to last year. ... wholesale electric power prices often trend together with natural gas prices.

254

Average wholesale spot natural gas prices rose across the country ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Wholesale spot natural gas prices rose across the country in 2010. Average spot natural gas prices at the Henry Huba key benchmark location for pricing throughout ...

255

Figure 34. Ratio of average per megawatthour fuel costs ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Title: Figure 34. Ratio of average per megawatthour fuel costs for natural gas combined-cycle plants to coal-fired steam turbines in the RFC west ...

256

EIA Renewable Energy- Average Energy Conversion Efficiency of ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Renewables and Alternate Fuels > Solar Photovoltaic Cell/Module Annual Report > Annual Shipments of Photovoltaic Cells and Modules by Source: Average Energy ...

257

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and...

258

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI), global...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and...

259

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and...

260

,"Selected National Average Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Selected National Average Natural Gas Prices" Selected National Average Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Average Natural Gas Prices",11,"Monthly","11/2013","1/15/1973" ,"Data 2","Annual Average Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1922" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","ngm03vmall.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/oil_gas/natural_gas/data_publications/natural_gas_monthly/ngm.html"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vision simple average" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

New York Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential and Commercial Consumers by Local Distribution and Marketers in Selected States (Dollars per ...

262

Software Requirements Specification Verifiable Fuel Cycle Simulation (VISION) Model  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Software Requirements Specification (SRS) is to define the top-level requirements for a Verifiable Fuel Cycle Simulation Model (VISION) of the Advanced Fuel Cycle (AFC). This simulation model is intended to serve a broad systems analysis and study tool applicable to work conducted as part of the AFCI (including costs estimates) and Generation IV reactor development studies.

D. E. Shropshire; W. H. West

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Real estate e-conveyancing: vision and risks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

More then 150 years had passed since English solicitors expressed their vision of a land registration system in which land transactions are quickly and smoothly registered at the same manner in which securities are transferred in the stock exchange. ... Keywords: biometric identification, e-conveyancing, fraud, land, registration

Haim Sandberg

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Vision-Based Detection of Mobile Smart Objects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We evaluate an approach for mobile smart objects to cooperate with projector-camera systems to achieve interactive projected displays on their surfaces without changing their appearance or function. Smart objects describe their appearance directly to ... Keywords: Cooperative Augmentation, Multi-Cue Detection, Natural Appearance, Smart Objects, Vision-Based Detection

David Molyneaux; Hans Gellersen; Bernt Schiele

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Machine Vision Analysis of the Energy Efficiency of Intermodal Trains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

intermodal terminal mangers' feedback on loading performance for trains and be integrated into the software1 Machine Vision Analysis of the Energy Efficiency of Intermodal Trains YUNG-CHENG (REX) LAI JOHN M of constraints imposed by equipment design and diversity, there are often large gaps between intermodal loads

Barkan, Christopher P.L.

266

MTVS: a multi-task active-vision system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the architecture of an active-vision system that has been conceived to ease the concurrent utilization of a visual sensor by several tasks on a mobile robot. We describe in detail the functional architecture of the system and provide ...

D. Hernandez; J. Cabrera; A. Naranjo; A. Dominguez; J. Isern

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Building Blocks for Computer Vision with Stochastic Partial Differential Equations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We discuss the basic concepts of computer vision with stochastic partial differential equations (SPDEs). In typical approaches based on partial differential equations (PDEs), the end result in the best case is usually one value per pixel, the "expected" ... Keywords: Error propagation, Image processing, Polynomial chaos, Random fields, Stochastic Galerkin method, Stochastic finite element method, Stochastic partial differential equations

Tobias Preusser; Hanno Scharr; Kai Krajsek; Robert M. Kirby

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Robust and accurate global vision system for real time tracking of multiple mobile robots  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a new global vision system for tracking of multiple mobile robots. To the best knowledge of the authors it outperforms all existing global vision systems with respect to measurement precision and accuracy, high speed and real time ... Keywords: Global vision, Intelligent space, Multirobot systems, Real time object tracking, Robot soccer

Miel Brezak; Ivan Petrovi?; Edouard Ivanjko

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Applied machine vision of plants: a review with implications for field deployment in automated farming operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Automated visual assessment of plant condition, specifically foliage wilting, reflectance and growth parameters, using machine vision has potential use as input for real-time variable-rate irrigation and fertigation systems in precision agriculture. ... Keywords: Monocular vision, Multispectral, Plant sensing, Range sensing, Stereo vision

C. L. Mccarthy; N. H. Hancock; S. R. Raine

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Variation in Nimbus-7 Cloud Estimates. Part I: Zonal Averages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Zonal averages of low, middle and total cloud amount estimates derived from measurements from Nimbus-7 have been analyzed for the six-year period April 1979 through March 1985. The globally and zonally averaged values of six-year annual means and ...

Bryan C. Weare

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI), global horizontal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

East Asia from NREL East Asia from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

272

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI), global horizontal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa from NREL Africa from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

273

Simple Models of Superconformal Flavor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The observed hierarchy of fermion masses and mixings may be generated by renormalization group flow if the Standard Model is coupled to a near-conformal sector at high energies. If the conformal sector is supersymmetric, these effects are rendered calculable by a combination of superconformal symmetry and a-maximization. The viability of such models depends on whether they generate the observed fermion mass hierarchy before the Standard Model gauge couplings hit a Landau pole. Here we construct a variety of simple vector-like models of superconformal flavor, including both ten-centered and democratic variations. We discuss in detail the subtleties of applying the a-maximization procedure to determine anomalous dimensions of Standard Model fields. We find that a wide range of models based on SU(N) or Sp(2N) SQCD with fundamental and adjoint matter are viable theories of superconformal flavor.

Craig, Nathaniel

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Long-run marginal costs lower than average costs  

SciTech Connect

The thesis of this article is that the long-run marginal costs of electricity are not always greater than the present average costs, as is often assumed. As long as short-run costs decrease with new plant additions, the long-run marginal cost is less than long-run average cost. When average costs increase with new additions, long-run marginal costs are greater than long-run average costs. The long-run marginal costs of a particular utility may be less than, equal to, or greater than its long-run average costs - even with inflation present. The way to determine which condition holds for a given utility is to estimate costs under various combinations of assumptions: probable load growth, zero load growth, and load growth greater than expected; and changes in load factor with attendant costs. Utilities that can demonstrate long-run marginal costs lower than long-run average costs should be encouraged to build plant and increase load, for the resulting productivity gains and slowing of inflation. Utilities that face long-run marginal costs greater than long-run average costs should discourage growth in sales through any available means.

Hunter, S.R.

1980-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

275

T-704: RSA enVision Lets Remote Users View Files and Remote Authenticated  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

704: RSA enVision Lets Remote Users View Files and Remote 704: RSA enVision Lets Remote Users View Files and Remote Authenticated Users Obtain Password T-704: RSA enVision Lets Remote Users View Files and Remote Authenticated Users Obtain Password August 29, 2011 - 3:45am Addthis PROBLEM: Allows remote attackers to obtain sensitive information by sniffing the network or leveraging access to a recipient mailbox. PLATFORM: RSA enVision Version(s): 3.x, 4.x ABSTRACT: RSA enVision lets remote users view files and remote authenticated users obtain password. reference LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1025979 CVE-2011-2736 CVE-2011-2737 RSA enVision Product Security IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion: Two vulnerabilities were reported in RSA enVision. A remote user can view files on the target system. A remote authenticated user can obtain

276

T-704: RSA enVision Lets Remote Users View Files and Remote Authenticated  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4: RSA enVision Lets Remote Users View Files and Remote 4: RSA enVision Lets Remote Users View Files and Remote Authenticated Users Obtain Password T-704: RSA enVision Lets Remote Users View Files and Remote Authenticated Users Obtain Password August 29, 2011 - 3:45am Addthis PROBLEM: Allows remote attackers to obtain sensitive information by sniffing the network or leveraging access to a recipient mailbox. PLATFORM: RSA enVision Version(s): 3.x, 4.x ABSTRACT: RSA enVision lets remote users view files and remote authenticated users obtain password. reference LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1025979 CVE-2011-2736 CVE-2011-2737 RSA enVision Product Security IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion: Two vulnerabilities were reported in RSA enVision. A remote user can view files on the target system. A remote authenticated user can obtain

277

"GRID 2030" A NATIONAL VISION FOR ELECTRICITY'S SECOND 100 YEARS |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

"GRID 2030" A NATIONAL VISION FOR ELECTRICITY'S SECOND 100 "GRID 2030" A NATIONAL VISION FOR ELECTRICITY'S SECOND 100 YEARS "GRID 2030" A NATIONAL VISION FOR ELECTRICITY'S SECOND 100 YEARS The purpose of this document is to describe the common vision articulated at that meeting. The U.S. Department of Energy will use this vision to help implement President Bush's call for "...modernizing America's electric delivery system" and the 51 recommendations contained in the National Transmission Grid Study. Various stakeholders, including industry practitioners, policy makers, and researchers, will use the vision as the coordinating foundation for actions leading to the construction of a 21st century electric system. The vision will guide the development of the National Electric Delivery Technologies Roadmap.

278

A Simple Thermodynamical Theory for Dust Devils  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on the heat engine framework, a simple scaling theory for dust devils is proposed and compared to observations. This theory provides a simple physical interpretation for many of the observed characteristics of dust devils. In particular, it ...

Nilton O. Renn; Matthew L. Burkett; Matthew P. Larkin

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

A simple proof of Jordan normal form  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this note, a simple proof Jordan normal form and rational form of matrices over a field is given.

Chen, Yuqun

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Figure 33. Ratio of average per megawatthour fuel costs for ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 33. Ratio of average per megawatthour fuel costs for natural gas combined-cycle plants to coal-fired steam turbines in the SERC southeast ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vision simple average" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Figure 27. Ratio of average per megawatthour fuel costs for ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 27. Ratio of average per megawatthour fuel costs for natural gas combined-cycle plants to coal-fired steam turbines in five cases, 2008-2040

282

ARM - Evaluation Product - Average of Cloud Condensation Nuclei...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

are averaged together. The %ss in the CCN data stream is calculated using a heat transfer and fluid dynamics model flow model (Lance et al., 2006). The model uses the...

283

Virginia Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.34 9.79 11.62 14.97 NA 20.70 1989-2013 Commercial Average Price 8.35 8.21 9.11 9.52 9.96 10.36...

284

New York Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

94 11.57 12.82 15.94 18.40 18.73 1989-2013 Commercial Average Price 8.38 8.32 8.27 8.38 7.91 6.66...

285

Maryland Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0.35 10.04 12.02 15.43 17.45 16.48 1989-2013 Commercial Average Price 9.03 9.30 10.67 11.84 12.79 NA...

286

annual average heating degree days | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

average heating degree days average heating degree days Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Heating Degree Days below 18° C (degree days)The monthly accumulation of degrees when the daily mean temperature is below 18° C.NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Nov 2007)22-year Monthly Average & Annual Sum (July 1983 - June 2005)Parameter: Heating Degree Days Below 18 degrees C (degree days)Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/ Source U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Date Released March 31st, 2009 (5 years ago) Date Updated April 01st, 2009 (5 years ago) Keywords annual average heating degree days climate GIS NASA SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 2.7 MiB)

287

Average Diurnal Variation of Summer Lightning over the Floirida Peninsula  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data derived from a large network of electric field mills have been used to determine the average diurnal variation of lightning in a Florida seacoast environment. These data were obtained at the NASA Kennedy Space Center (KSC) and the Cape ...

Launa M. Maier; E. Philip Krider; Michael W. Maier

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Table 14b. Average Electricity Prices, Projected vs. Actual  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

b. Average Electricity Prices, Projected vs. Actual Projected Price in Nominal Dollars (nominal dollars, cents per kilowatt-hour) 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002...

289

2012 Brief: Average wholesale electricity prices down compared to ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average, on-peak (weekdays from 7:00 a.m. to 11:00 p.m.) day-ahead electricity prices were lower across the entire United States in 2012 compared to 2011.

290

Table 14b. Average Electricity Prices, Projected vs. Actual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

b. Average Electricity Prices, Projected vs. Actual" "Projected Price in Nominal Dollars" " (nominal dollars, cents per kilowatt-hour)" ,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,200...

291

Does anyone have access to 2012 average residential rates by...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Does anyone have access to 2012 average residential rates by utility company? I'm seeing an inconsistency between the OpenEI website and EIA 861 data set. Home > Groups > Utility...

292

Exact Averaging of Atmospheric State and Flow Variables  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new set of averaging rules is put forward that exactly determines the means of air temperature, mixing ratio, and velocity by incorporating weighting factors in accordance with physical conservation laws. For the temperature and velocity, ...

Andrew S. Kowalski

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Figure 88. Annual average Henry Hub spot prices for natural ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 88. Annual average Henry Hub spot prices for natural gas in five cases, 1990-2040 (2011 dollars per million Btu) Reference

294

Figure 86. Annual average Henry Hub spot natural gas prices ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 86. Annual average Henry Hub spot natural gas prices, 1990-2040 (2011 dollars per million Btu) Henry Hub Spot Price 1990.00

295

Using Bayesian Model Averaging to Calibrate Forecast Ensembles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ensembles used for probabilistic weather forecasting often exhibit a spread-error correlation, but they tend to be underdispersive. This paper proposes a statistical method for postprocessing ensembles based on Bayesian model averaging (BMA), ...

Adrian E. Raftery; Tilmann Gneiting; Fadoua Balabdaoui; Michael Polakowski

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Pennsylvania Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 10.55 11.24 13.80 16.87 19.85 1989-2013 Commercial Average Price 9.51 9.87 10.27 11.46 12.38 12.89...

297

Semi-supervised training for the averaged perceptron POS tagger  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes POS tagging experiments with semi-supervised training as an extension to the (supervised) averaged perceptron algorithm, first introduced for this task by (Collins, 2002). Experiments with an iterative training on standard-sized ...

Drahomra "johanka" Spoustov; Jan Haji?; Jan Raab; Miroslav Spousta

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

A Statistical Averaging Method for Wind Profiler Doppler Spectra  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new method is presented for Doppler spectral averaging that more reliably identifies the profiler radar return from clear air in the presence of contaminationfor example, from migrating bird echoes. These very sensitive radars profile the wind ...

David A. Merritt

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

The averaged control system of fast oscillating control systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For control systems that either have an explicit periodic dependence on time or have periodic solutions and small controls, we define an average control system that takes into account all possible variations of the control, and prove that its solutions approximate all solutions of the oscillating systems as oscillations go faster. The dimension of its velocity set is characterised geomtrically. When it is maximum the average system defines a Finsler metric, unfortunately not twice differntiable in general. Under particular assumptions, valid for the control two body system, this Finsler metric generates a Hamiltonian flow on the cotangent bundle. For minimum time control, this average system proves that averaging the Hamiltonian given by the maximum principle is a valid approximation.

Bombrun, Alex

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Implication of Spatial Averaging in Complex-Terrain Wind Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Studies of wind over complex terrain have been conducted at three times and two locations in Northern California. Instrumentation included conventional cup-vane anemometers and optical anemometers with spatial averaging over path lengths of 0.6-1 ...

W. M. Porch

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vision simple average" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #638: August 30, 2010 Average...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8: August 30, 2010 Average Expenditure for a New Car Declines in Relation to Family Earnings to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 638: August 30, 2010...

302

Electric Sales, Revenue, and Average Price 2011 - Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

2001-2010 are Excel zipped files & 1994-2000 are PDF files ... and Average Retail Price for Power Marketers and ... U.S. Department of Energy USA.gov FedStats.

303

U.S. Natural Gas Average Consumption per Commercial Consumer...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Commercial Consumer (Thousand Cubic Feet) U.S. Natural Gas Average Consumption per Commercial Consumer (Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

304

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal irradiance...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b>
Global Horizontal Irradiance
NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Jan 2008)
22-year Monthly & Annual Average...

305

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal irradiance GIS...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

>
Direct Normal Irradiance (kWhm2day)
NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Jan 2008)
22-year Monthly & Annual Average...

306

Benthic Boundary-Layer Velocity Profiles: Dependence on Averaging Period  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relationship between benthic boundary-layer velocity profiles and current meter averaging time is investigated using detailed (0.61 Hz) current measurements recorded within 1 m of the bottom on the inner continental shelf. The percentage of ...

Barry M. Lesht

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Average utilization of the nation's natural gas combined-cycle ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... (purple line) and 2010 (red line) average capacity factors for natural gas plant operations between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. rose from 26% to 32%.

308

STATE OF CALIFORNIA AREA WEIGHTED AVERAGE CALCULATION WORKSHEET: RESIDENTIAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

there is more than one level of floor, wall, or ceiling insulation in a building, or more than one type of a building feature, material, or construction assembly occur in a building, a weighted average

309

Solar: monthly and annual average latitude tilt irradiance GIS...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

& Annual Average (July 1983 - June 2005)
Parameter: Latitude Tilt Radiation (kWhm2day)
Internet: http:eosweb.larc.nasa.govsse
Note 1:...

310

Some Considerations Relevant to Computing Average Hemispheric Temperature Anomalies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Three data bases of gridded surface temperature anomalies were used to assess the sensitivity of the average estimated Northern Hemisphere (NH) temperature anomaly to: 1) extreme gridpoint values and 2) zonal band contributions. Over the last 100 ...

S. L. Grotch

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

New Mexico Natural Gas Average Consumption per Industrial Consumer...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Industrial Consumer (Thousand Cubic Feet) New Mexico Natural Gas Average Consumption per Industrial Consumer (Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

312

New Mexico Natural Gas Average Consumption per Commercial Consumer...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Commercial Consumer (Thousand Cubic Feet) New Mexico Natural Gas Average Consumption per Commercial Consumer (Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

313

Table A44. Average Prices of Purchased Electricity and Steam  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4. Average Prices of Purchased Electricity and Steam" 4. Average Prices of Purchased Electricity and Steam" " by Type of Supplier, Census Region, Census Division, and" " Economic Characteristics of the Establishment, 1994" " (Estimates in Dollars per Physical Units)" ," Electricity",," Steam" ," (kWh)",," (million Btu)" ,,,,,"RSE" ,"Utility","Nonutility","Utility","Nonutility","Row" "Economic Characteristics(a)","Supplier(b)","Supplier(c)","Supplier(b)","Supplier(c)","Factors"

314

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Aluminum: Technology Pathways  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Technology Pathways Technology Pathways U.S. aluminum producers recognize that reducing greenhouse gas emissions and improving energy efficiency offers a competitive edge in world markets. In 1996, the U.S. industry entered into partnership with DOE's Industrial Technologies Program (ITP) to work toward shared goals. Since then, the Aluminum Industry of the Future partnership has been feeding the technology pipeline so that U.S. producers will have the technologies they need to achieve their long-term economic, energy and environmental goals. The Industries of the Future process helps entire industries articulate their long-term goals and publish them in a unified vision for the future. To achieve that vision, industry leaders jointly define detailed R&D agendas known as roadmaps. ITP relies on roadmap-defined priorities to

315

The Ironies of Zoning: A Vision for the Future  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Ironies of Zoning: Ironies of Zoning: A Vision For The Future Jim Green NREL ASES Small Wind Division Webinar January 17, 2008 2 Utility Poles Jefferson County, Colorado 3 Transmission Lines Cell Phone Towers Jefferson County, Colorado 4 How Do Wind Turbines Compare? Charlotte, Vermont 5 How Do Wind Turbines Compare? 6 Windmill... or not? Adams County, Colorado Credit: Jim Green, NREL 7 Dutch Windmills Eyesore or Cultural Icon? Eyesore or Cultural Icon? 8 American Windmills Eyesore or Cultural Icon? Eyesore or Cultural Icon? Cedaredge, Colorado Limon, Colorado 9 Vision for the Future Industry Residential Business Farm Schools * Envision a future in which wind power is embraced in the local landscape because it expresses community support for clean air, reduced carbon emissions, and strong local economies through use of a sustainable,

316

Summary of student scenarios: 2020 Vision project, fiscal year 1997  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Issues Thinking: 2020 Vision project introduces students and teaches to national security issues through the techniques of scenario building, and engages them in an interactive process of creating scenarios relevant to the Department of Energy, Defense Programs (DOE/DP). Starting with the world as it is today, teams of students develop a series of scenarios on international developments over the next 25 years under various circumstances. This report identifies recurrent themes in the student`s scenarios, lists creative ways the students presented their scenarios, compares and contrasts the program`s FY97 results with FY96 results, identifies the benefits of the program, and offers a glimpse of Sandia`s future plans for the 2020 Vision project.

Gordon, K.W.; Munoz, A.; Scott, K.P.; Rinne, R.

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

A VISION FOR America's Energy Future More Diverse More Domestic  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

VISION FOR VISION FOR America's Energy Future More Diverse More Domestic More Efficient Business Roundtable (www.businessroundtable.org) is an association of chief executive officers of leading U.S. companies with $4.5 trillion in annual revenues and more than 10 million employees. Member companies comprise nearly a third of the total value of the U.S. stock market and represent more than 40 percent of all corporate income taxes paid to the federal government. Collectively, they returned $112 billion in dividends to shareholders and the economy in 2005. Roundtable companies give more than $7 billion a year in combined charitable contributions, representing nearly 60 percent of total corporate giving. They are technology innovation leaders, with $90 billion in annual research and development (R&D) spending - nearly half

318

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI), global horizontal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South America from NREL South America from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data where possible. The modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell due to the uncertainties associated with meteorological input to the model. The local cloud cover can vary significantly even within a single grid cell as a result of terrain effects and other microclimate influences. Furthermore, the uncertainty of the modeled estimates increase with distance from reliable measurement sources and with the complexity of the terrain.

319

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI), global horizontal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central America and the Carribean from NREL Central America and the Carribean from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data where possible. The modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell due to the uncertainties associated with meteorological input to the model. The local cloud cover can vary significantly even within a single grid cell as a result of terrain effects and other microclimate influences. Furthermore, the uncertainty of the modeled estimates increase with distance from reliable measurement sources and with the complexity of the terrain.

320

U.S. Refiner Sales to End Users (Average) Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Sales Type: Sales to End Users, Average Through Retail Outlets Sales for Resale, Average DTW Rack Bulk Sales Type: Sales to End Users, Average Through Retail Outlets Sales for Resale, Average DTW Rack Bulk Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Formulation/ Grade Sales Type Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Conventional, Average 3.030 3.137 3.122 3.063 3.042 2.972 1994-2013 Conventional Regular 3.005 3.116 3.102 3.040 3.017 2.948 1994-2013 Conventional Midgrade 3.167 3.256 3.239 3.200 3.193 3.121 1994-2013 Conventional Premium 3.269 3.354 3.327 3.291 3.274 3.203 1994-2013 Oxygenated, Average - - - - - - 1994-2013 Oxygenated Regular - - - - - - 1994-2013 Oxygenated Midgrade - - - - - - 1994-2013

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vision simple average" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

International Border Management Systems (IBMS) Program : visions and strategies.  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), International Border Management Systems (IBMS) Program is working to establish a long-term border security strategy with United States Central Command (CENTCOM). Efforts are being made to synthesize border security capabilities and technologies maintained at the Laboratories, and coordinate with subject matter expertise from both the New Mexico and California offices. The vision for SNL is to provide science and technology support for international projects and engagements on border security.

McDaniel, Michael; Mohagheghi, Amir Hossein

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

SunShot Vision Study: February 2012 (Book)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of the SunShot Vision Study is to provide an in-depth assessment of the potential for solar technologies to meet a significant share of electricity demand in the United States during the next several decades. Specifically, it explores a future in which the price of solar technologies declines by about 75% between 2010 and 2020 - in line with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) SunShot Initiative's targets.

Not Available

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Guard Rail Detection Using Radar and Vision Data Fusion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes a method for detecting guard rails fusing radar and vision data in order to improve and speed-up vehicle detection algorithms. The method is based on the search for uninterrupted oblique lines that cross an interest area. The interest area is dinamically indicated by a radar sensor. A method to manage overlapping areas is also described. The method's efficiency, both in terms of time saving and correct detection rate, is numerically shown.

For Vehicle Detection; Alberto Broggi; Pietro Cerri; Fabio Oleari; Marco Paterlini

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Bayesian Model Averagings Problematic Treatment of Extreme Weather and a Paradigm Shift That Fixes It  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Methods of ensemble postprocessing in which continuous probability density functions are constructed from ensemble forecasts by centering functions around each of the ensemble members have come to be called Bayesian model averaging (BMA) or ...

Craig H. Bishop; Kevin T. Shanley

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Average Soil Water Retention Curves Measured by Neutron Radiography  

SciTech Connect

Water retention curves are essential for understanding the hydrologic behavior of partially-saturated porous media and modeling flow transport processes within the vadose zone. In this paper we report direct measurements of the main drying and wetting branches of the average water retention function obtained using 2-dimensional neutron radiography. Flint sand columns were saturated with water and then drained under quasi-equilibrium conditions using a hanging water column setup. Digital images (2048 x 2048 pixels) of the transmitted flux of neutrons were acquired at each imposed matric potential (~10-15 matric potential values per experiment) at the NCNR BT-2 neutron imaging beam line. Volumetric water contents were calculated on a pixel by pixel basis using Beer-Lambert s law after taking into account beam hardening and geometric corrections. To remove scattering effects at high water contents the volumetric water contents were normalized (to give relative saturations) by dividing the drying and wetting sequences of images by the images obtained at saturation and satiation, respectively. The resulting pixel values were then averaged and combined with information on the imposed basal matric potentials to give average water retention curves. The average relative saturations obtained by neutron radiography showed an approximate one-to-one relationship with the average values measured volumetrically using the hanging water column setup. There were no significant differences (at p < 0.05) between the parameters of the van Genuchten equation fitted to the average neutron radiography data and those estimated from replicated hanging water column data. Our results indicate that neutron imaging is a very effective tool for quantifying the average water retention curve.

Cheng, Chu-Lin [ORNL; Perfect, Edmund [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Kang, Misun [ORNL; Voisin, Sophie [ORNL; Bilheux, Hassina Z [ORNL; Horita, Juske [Texas Tech University (TTU); Hussey, Dan [NIST Center for Neutron Research (NCRN), Gaithersburg, MD

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

"2012 Average Monthly Bill- Industrial"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Industrial" Industrial" "(Data from forms EIA-861- schedules 4A-D, EIA-861S and EIA-861U)" "State","Number of Customers","Average Monthly Consumption (kWh)","Average Price (cents/kWh)","Average Monthly Bill (Dollar and cents)" "New England",34164,67854.037,11.83487,8030.4373 "Connecticut",4647,63947.063,12.672933,8103.9685 "Maine",2780,90741.457,7.9819499,7242.9376 "Massachusetts",21145,66710.826,12.566635,8383.3057 "New Hampshire",3444,47247.217,11.83228,5590.423 "Rhode Island",1927,39935.911,10.676724,4263.8471 "Vermont",221,536044.12,9.9796777,53495.475 "Middle Atlantic",45836,126368.14,7.4903534,9465.42 "New Jersey",12729,50817.89,10.516509,5344.2677

327

"2012 Average Monthly Bill- Residential"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Residential" Residential" "(Data from forms EIA-861- schedules 4A-D, EIA-861S and EIA-861U)" "State","Number of Customers","Average Monthly Consumption (kWh)","Average Price (cents/kWh)","Average Monthly Bill (Dollar and cents)" "New England",6203726,634.13095,15.713593,99.644755 "Connecticut",1454651,730.85302,17.343298,126.75402 "Maine",703770,530.56349,14.658797,77.774225 "Massachusetts",2699141,627.15845,14.912724,93.52641 "New Hampshire",601697,614.81776,16.070168,98.802249 "Rhode Island",435448,597.34783,14.404061,86.042344 "Vermont",309019,565.03618,17.006075,96.090478 "Middle Atlantic",15727423,700.63673,15.272654,107.00582

328

INVERSIONS FOR AVERAGE SUPERGRANULAR FLOWS USING FINITE-FREQUENCY KERNELS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

I analyze the maps recording the travel-time shifts caused by averaged plasma anomalies under an 'average supergranule', constructed by means of statistical averaging over 5582 individual supergranules with large divergence signals detected in two months of Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager Dopplergrams. By utilizing a three-dimensional validated time-distance inversion code, I measure a peak vertical velocity of 117 {+-} 2 m s{sup -1} at depths around 1.2 Mm in the center of the supergranule and a root-mean-square vertical velocity of 21 m s{sup -1} over the area of the supergranule. A discrepancy between this measurement and the measured surface vertical velocity (a few m s{sup -1}) can be explained by the existence of the large-amplitude vertical flow under the surface of supergranules with large divergence signals, recently suggested by Duvall and Hanasoge.

Svanda, Michal, E-mail: michal@astronomie.cz [Astronomical Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic (v.v.i.), Fricova 298, CZ-25165 Ondrejov (Czech Republic)

2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

329

Globally Averaged Atmospheric CFC-11 Concentrations: Monthly and Annual  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chlorofluorocarbons » Chlorofluorocarbons » Atmospheric CFC-11 Concentrations Globally Averaged Atmospheric CFC-11 Concentrations: Monthly and Annual Data for the Period 1975-1992 DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/atg.db1010 data Data (DB1010) Investigator M. A. K. Khalil and R. A. Rasmussen Description This data set presents globally averaged atmospheric concentrations of chlorofluorocarbon 11, known also as CFC-11 or F-11 (chemical name: trichlorofluoromethane; formula: CCl3F). The monthly global average data are derived from flask air samples collected at eight sites in six locations over the period August 1980-July 1992. The sites are Barrow (Alaska), Cape Meares (Oregon), Cape Kumukahi and Mauna Loa (Hawaii), Cape Matatula (American Samoa), Cape Grim (Tasmania), Palmer Station, and the

330

Comparison of Average Transport and Dispersion Among a Gaussian, a  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Comparison of Average Transport and Dispersion Among a Gaussian, a Comparison of Average Transport and Dispersion Among a Gaussian, a Two-Dimensional, and a Three-Dimensional Model Comparison of Average Transport and Dispersion Among a Gaussian, a Two-Dimensional, and a Three-Dimensional Model The Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC's) code for predicting off-site consequences, MACCS2 (Chanin, et al. 1998) (MELCOR Accident Consequence Code System, Version 2), uses a simplified model for atmospheric transport and d ispersion (ATD), that is, a straight-line Gaussian model. The MACCS2 calculations are used by the NRC for planning purposes, for cost-benefit analyses, and in level-3 probabilistic risk analyses (PRAs). The MACCS2 ATD model has been criticized as being overly simplistic, even for its purposes. The justification for its use has been

331

Bounce-averaged Fokker-Planck code for stellarator transport  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A computer code for solving the bounce-averaged Fokker-Planck equation appropriate to stellarator transport has been developed, and its first applications made. The code is much faster than the bounce-averaged Monte-Carlo codes, which up to now have provided the most efficient numerical means for studying stellarator transport. Moreover, because the connection to analytic kinetic theory of the Fokker-Planck approach is more direct than for the Monte-Carlo approach, a comparison of theory and numerical experiment is now possible at a considerably more detailed level than previously.

Mynick, H.E.; Hitchon, W.N.G.

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Flavor Physics Data from the Heavy Flavor Averaging Group (HFAG)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The Heavy Flavor Averaging Group (HFAG) was established at the May 2002 Flavor Physics and CP Violation Conference in Philadelphia, and continues the LEP Heavy Flavor Steering Group's tradition of providing regular updates to the world averages of heavy flavor quantities. Data are provided by six subgroups that each focus on a different set of heavy flavor measurements: B lifetimes and oscillation parameters, Semi-leptonic B decays, Rare B decays, Unitarity triangle parameters, B decays to charm final states, and Charm Physics.

Heavy Flavor Averaging Group (HFAG)

333

AMPERE AVERAGE CURRENT PHOTOINJECTOR AND ENERGY RECOVERY LINAC.  

SciTech Connect

High-power Free-Electron Lasers were made possible by advances in superconducting linac operated in an energy-recovery mode. In order to get to much higher power levels, say a fraction of a megawatt average power, many technological barriers are yet to be broken. We describe work on CW, high-current and high-brightness electron beams. This will include a description of a superconducting, laser-photocathode RF gun employing a new secondary-emission multiplying cathode, an accelerator cavity, both capable of producing of the order of one ampere average current and plans for an ERL based on these units.

BEN-ZVI,I.; BURRILL,A.; CALAGA,R.; ET AL.

2004-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

334

LES SOFTWARE FOR THE DESIGN OF LOW EMISSION COMBUSTION SYSTEMS FOR VISION 21 PLANTS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this project, an advanced computational software tool was developed for the design of low emission combustion systems required for Vision 21 clean energy plants. Vision 21 combustion systems, such as combustors for gas turbines, combustors for indirect fired cycles, furnaces and sequestrian-ready combustion systems, will require innovative low emission designs and low development costs if Vision 21 goals are to be realized. The simulation tool will greatly reduce the number of experimental tests; this is especially desirable for gas turbine combustor design since the cost of the high pressure testing is extremely costly. In addition, the software will stimulate new ideas, will provide the capability of assessing and adapting low-emission combustors to alternate fuels, and will greatly reduce the development time cycle of combustion systems. The revolutionary combustion simulation software is able to accurately simulate the highly transient nature of gaseous-fueled (e.g. natural gas, low BTU syngas, hydrogen, biogas etc.) turbulent combustion and assess innovative concepts needed for Vision 21 plants. In addition, the software is capable of analyzing liquid-fueled combustion systems since that capability was developed under a concurrent Air Force Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) program. The complex physics of the reacting flow field are captured using 3D Large Eddy Simulation (LES) methods, in which large scale transient motion is resolved by time-accurate numerics, while the small scale motion is modeled using advanced subgrid turbulence and chemistry closures. In this way, LES combustion simulations can model many physical aspects that, until now, were impossible to predict with 3D steady-state Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) analysis, i.e. very low NOx emissions, combustion instability (coupling of unsteady heat and acoustics), lean blowout, flashback, autoignition, etc. LES methods are becoming more and more practical by linking together tens to hundreds of PCs and performing parallel computations with fine grids (millions of cells). Such simulations, performed in a few weeks or less, provide a very cost-effective complement to experimental testing. In 5 years, these same calculations can be performed in 24 hours or less due to the expected increase of computing power and improved numerical techniques. This project was a four-year program. During the first year, the project included the development and implementation of improved chemistry (reduced GRI mechanism), subgrid turbulence (localized dynamic), and subgrid combustion-turbulence interaction (Linear Eddy) models into the CFD-ACE+ code. University expertise (Georgia Tech and University of California, Berkeley) was utilized to help develop and implement these advanced submodels into the unstructured, parallel CFD flow solver, CFD-ACE+. Efficient numerical algorithms that rely on in situ look-up tables or artificial neural networks were implemented for chemistry calculations. In the second year, the combustion LES software was evaluated and validated using experimental data from lab-scale and industrial test configurations. This code testing (i.e., alpha testing) was performed by CFD Research Corporation's engineers. During the third year, six industrial and academic partners used the combustion LES code and exercised it on problems of their choice (i.e., beta testing). Final feedback and optimizations were then implemented into the final release (licensed) version of the combustion LES software to the general public. An additional one-year task was added for the fourth year of this program entitled, ''LES Simulations of SIMVAL Results''. For this task, CFDRC performed LES calculations of selected DoE SIMVAL cases, and compared predictions with measurements from NETL. In addition to comparisons with NOx and CO exit measurements, comparisons were made to measured pressure oscillations. Potential areas of improvement for combustion and turbulence models were identified. In conclusion, this program advanced the state-of-the-art in combustion LES an

Clifford E. Smith; Steven M. Cannon; Virgil Adumitroaie; David L. Black; Karl V. Meredith

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Interaction of impurity ions with a weakly non-Maxwellian simple hydrogenic plasma  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The average acceleration of an ensemble of ''test particles'' in a plasma is called the ''dynamical friction''; the average rate at which their velocity vectors spread out in velocity space is expressed in a velocity-space diffusion-rate tensor. These quantities are derived for impurity ions interacting with a weakly non-Maxwellian simple hydrogenic plasma. The distribution functions for the plasma ions and electrons are written explicitly. 5 refs., 3 figs.

Terry, W.K.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Residual Fuel Oil Prices, Average - Sales to End Users  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Product/Sales Type: Residual Fuel, Average - Sales to End Users Residual Fuel, Average - Sales for Resale Sulfur Less Than or Equal to 1% - Sales to End Users Sulfur Less Than or Equal to 1% - Sales for Resale Sulfur Greater Than 1% - Sales to End Users Sulfur Greater Than 1% - Sales for Resale Period: Monthly Annual Product/Sales Type: Residual Fuel, Average - Sales to End Users Residual Fuel, Average - Sales for Resale Sulfur Less Than or Equal to 1% - Sales to End Users Sulfur Less Than or Equal to 1% - Sales for Resale Sulfur Greater Than 1% - Sales to End Users Sulfur Greater Than 1% - Sales for Resale Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Product/Sales Type Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History U.S. - - - - - - 1983-2013 East Coast (PADD 1) - - - - - - 1983-2013 New England (PADD 1A) - - - - - - 1983-2013 Connecticut - - - - - - 1983-2013 Maine - - - - - - 1983-2013 Massachusetts - - - - - - 1983-2013

337

Pennsylvania Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Percent Sold by Local Distribution Companies 91.2 91.2 2006-2011 Commercial Average Price 12.77 14.29 11.83 10.47 10.42 10.21 1967-2012 Local Distribution Companies 11.29 NA...

338

Michigan Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

8.75 8.56 9.26 11.63 12.68 13.68 1989-2013 Commercial Average Price 7.67 7.51 7.84 8.78 9.69 10.30...

339

HIGH AVERAGE POWER UV FREE ELECTRON LASER EXPERIMENTS AT JLAB  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Having produced 14 kW of average power at {approx}2 microns, JLAB has shifted its focus to the ultraviolet portion of the spectrum. This presentation will describe the JLab UV Demo FEL, present specifics of its driver ERL, and discuss the latest experimental results from FEL experiments and machine operations.

Douglas, David; Evtushenko, Pavel; Gubeli, Joseph; Hernandez-Garcia, Carlos; Legg, Robert; Neil, George; Powers, Thomas; Shinn, Michelle D; Tennant, Christopher

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Table WF01. Average Consumer Prices and Expenditures for ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Heating Oil U.S. Average Consumption (gallons) 522.7 531.7 572.5 538.2 574.1 465.3 539.9 546.9 1.3 ... Wood 2,094 2,179 2,353 2,424 2,454 2,520 2,582 ...

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341

Using Bayesian Model Averaging to Calibrate Forecast Ensembles 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using Bayesian Model Averaging to Calibrate Forecast Ensembles 1 Adrian E. Raftery, Fadoua forecasting often exhibit a spread-skill relationship, but they tend to be underdispersive. This paper of PDFs centered around the individual (possibly bias-corrected) forecasts, where the weights are equal

Washington at Seattle, University of

342

Information Leakage via Electromagnetic Emanation and Effectiveness of Averaging Technique  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is well known that there is relationship between electromagnetic emanation and processing information in IT devices such as personal computers and smart cards. In this paper, we show how to estimate amount of information that is leaked as electromagnetic ... Keywords: Tempest, Channel capacity, electromagnetic emanation, averaging technique

Hidema Tanaka

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Spatial analysis based on variance of moving window averages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

R02 R04 R06 R08 R16 I n Window size B R02 R06 R10 R14 R20R04 R08 R12 R16 R24 R36 I n Window size Wu et al. , Fig. 2Based on Variance of Moving Window Averages B. M. Wu, K. V.

Wu, B M; Subbarao, K V; Ferrandino, F J; Hao, J J

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

A Vertically Averaged Circulation Model Using Boundary-Fitted Coordinates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A two-dimensional vertically averaged circulation model using boundary-fitted coordinates has been developed for predicting sea level and currants in estuarine and shelf waters. The basic idea of the approach is to use a set of coupled quasi-...

Malcolm L. Spaulding

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

California Utility Vision and Roadmap for the Smart Grid of 2020  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

California investor-owned utilities have a vision that the California Smart Grid of 2020 will be a more capable, robust, and efficient electricity infrastructure, which will help achieve multiple energy and environmental policy goals. This report describes that vision and presents a detailed roadmap for achieving that vision. The report provides clarity and direction to support California Smart Grid initiatives and the State's energy and environmental policy goals. The report details findings in six doma...

2011-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

346

Cryptographic Hash Workshop (2005) - A Simple and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. A Simple and Provably Good Code for SHA Message Expansion Charanjit S. Jutla IBM TJ Watson Anindya C. Patthak Univ. ...

2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

347

Evolution of simple configurations of gravitating gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We considered the dynamics of gravitating gas - a continuous media with peculiar properties. The exact solutions of its Euler equations for simple initial conditions is obtained.

G. P. Pronko

2011-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

348

High average power diode pumped solid state lasers for CALIOPE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Diode pumping of solid state media offers the opportunity for very low maintenance, high efficiency, and compact laser systems. For remote sensing, such lasers may be used to pump tunable non-linear sources, or if tunable themselves, act directly or through harmonic crystals as the probe. The needs of long range remote sensing missions require laser performance in the several watts to kilowatts range. At these power performance levels, more advanced thermal management technologies are required for the diode pumps. The solid state laser design must now address a variety of issues arising from the thermal loads, including fracture limits, induced lensing and aberrations, induced birefringence, and laser cavity optical component performance degradation with average power loading. In order to highlight the design trade-offs involved in addressing the above issues, a variety of existing average power laser systems are briefly described. Included are two systems based on Spectra Diode Laboratory`s water impingement cooled diode packages: a two times diffraction limited, 200 watt average power, 200 Hz multi-rod laser/amplifier by Fibertek, and TRW`s 100 watt, 100 Hz, phase conjugated amplifier. The authors also present two laser systems built at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) based on their more aggressive diode bar cooling package, which uses microchannel cooler technology capable of 100% duty factor operation. They then present the design of LLNL`s first generation OPO pump laser for remote sensing. This system is specified to run at 100 Hz, 20 nsec pulses each with 300 mJ, less than two times diffraction limited, and with a stable single longitudinal mode. The performance of the first testbed version will be presented. The authors conclude with directions their group is pursuing to advance average power lasers. This includes average power electro-optics, low heat load lasing media, and heat capacity lasers.

Comaskey, B.; Halpin, J.; Moran, B.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Department of Energy Releases Vision & Framework for the U.S...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bodman. The report provides strategic direction and guidance to the 10 Federal agencies developing new and advanced global climate change technologies. The Vision and Framework...

350

Hydrogen Separation Membranes for Vision 21 Fossil Fuel Plants  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Eltron Research and team members CoorsTek, McDermott Technology, Sued Chemie, Argonne National Laboratory, and Oak Ridge National Laboratory are developing an environmentally benign, inexpensive, and efficient method for separating hydrogen from gas mixtures produced during industrial processes, such as coal gasification. This objective is being pursued using dense membranes based in part on Eltron-patented ceramic materials with a demonstrated ability for proton and electron conduction. The technical goals are being addressed by modifying single-phase and composite membrane composition and microstructure to maximize proton and electron conductivity without loss of material stability. Ultimately, these materials must enable hydrogen separation at practical rates under ambient and high-pressure conditions, without deactivation in the presence of feedstream components such as carbon dioxide, water, and sulfur. This project was motivated by the Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Vision 21 initiative which seeks to economically eliminate environmental concerns associated with the use of fossil fuels. The proposed technology addresses the DOE Vision 21 initiative in two ways. First, this process offers a relatively inexpensive solution for pure hydrogen separation that can be easily incorporated into Vision 21 fossil fuel plants. Second, this process could reduce the cost of hydrogen, which is a clean burning fuel under increasing demand as supporting technologies are developed for hydrogen utilization and storage. Additional motivation for this project arises from the potential of this technology for other applications. By appropriately changing the catalysts coupled with the membrane, essentially the same system can be used to facilitate alkane dehydrogenation and coupling, aromatics processing, and hydrogen sulfide decomposition.

Roark, Shane E.; Mackay, Richard; Sammells, Anthony F.

2001-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

351

Future Vision for Instrumentation, Information and Control Modernization  

SciTech Connect

A Future Vision of a transformed nuclear plant operating model based on an integrated digital environment has been developed as part of the Advanced Instrumentation, Information, and Control (II&C) research pathway, under the Light Water Reactor (LWR) Sustainability Program. This is a research and development program sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), performed in close collaboration with the nuclear utility industry, to provide the technical foundations for licensing and managing the long-term, safe and economical operation of current nuclear power plants. II&C has been identified as a potential life-limiting issue for the domestic LWR fleet in addressing the reliability and aging concerns of the legacy systems in service today. The Future Vision is based on a digital architecture that encompasses all aspects of plant operations and support, integrating plant systems, plant work processes, and plant workers in a seamless digital environment to enhance nuclear safety, increase productivity, and improve overall plant performance. Pilot projects are being conducted as the means for industry to gain confidence in these new technologies for use in nuclear plant work activities. The pilot projects introduce new digital technologies into the nuclear plant operating environment at host operating plants to demonstrate and validate them for production usage. In turn, the pilot project technologies serve as the stepping stones to the eventual seamless digital environment as described in the Future Vision. Initial project results confirm that the technologies can address provide substantial efficiency and human performance benefits while resolving the reliability and aging concerns.

Ken D. Thomas

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

ADVANCED HYDROGEN TRANSPORT MEMBRANES FOR VISION 21 FOSSIL FUEL PLANTS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

During this quarter work was continued on characterizing the stability of layered composite membranes under a variety of conditions. Membrane permeation was tested up to 100 hours at constant pressure, temperature, and flow rates. In addition, design parameters were completed for a scale-up hydrogen separation demonstration unit. Evaluation of microstructure and effect of hydrogen exposure on BCY/Ni cermet mechanical properties was initiated. The fabrication of new cermets containing high permeability metals is reported and progress in the preparation of sulfur resistant catalysts is discussed. Finally, a report entitled ''Criteria for Incorporating Eltron's Hydrogen Separation Membranes into Vision 21 IGCC Systems and FutureGen Plants'' was completed.

Carl R. Evenson; Anthony F. Sammells; Richard T. Treglio; Jim Fisher; U. Balachandran; Richard N. Kleiner; James E. Stephan; Frank E. Anderson; Chandra Ratnasamy; Mahendra Sunkara; Jyothish Thangla; Clive Brereton; Warren Wolfs; James Lockhart

2005-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

353

Free unitary groups are (almost) simple  

SciTech Connect

We show that the quotients of Wang and Van Daele's universal quantum groups by their centers are simple in the sense that they have no normal quantum subgroups, thus providing the first examples of simple compact quantum groups with non-commutative fusion rings.

Chirvasitu, Alexandru [Department of Mathematics, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720-3840 (United States)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

354

Database of average-power damage thresholds at 1064 nm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have completed a database of average-power, laser-induced, damage thresholds at 1064 nm on a variety of materials. Measurements were made with a newly constructed laser to provide design input for moderate and high average-power laser projects. The measurements were conducted with 16-ns pulses at pulse-repetition frequencies ranging from 6 to 120 Hz. Samples were typically irradiated for time ranging from a fraction of a second up to 5 minutes (36,000 shots). We tested seven categories of samples which included antireflective coatings, high reflectors, polarizers, single and multiple layers of the same material, bare and overcoated metal surfaces, bare polished surfaces, and bulk materials. The measured damage threshold ranged from 46 J/cm/sup 2/ for a bare polished glass substrate. 4 refs., 7 figs., 1 tab.

Rainer, F.; Hildum, E.A.; Milam, D.

1987-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

355

Table 8. Average Price of U.S. Coal Exports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Average Price of U.S. Coal Exports Average Price of U.S. Coal Exports (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Table 8. Average Price of U.S. Coal Exports (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Year to Date Continent and Country of Destination April - June 2013 January - March 2013 April - June 2012 2013 2012 Percent Change North America Total 78.29 77.25 102.62 77.88 105.14 -25.9 Canada* 81.61 80.70 110.67 81.30 112.16 -27.5 Dominican Republic 78.54 75.09 73.89 75.77 76.61 -1.1 Honduras - 54.58 54.43 54.58 54.43 0.3 Jamaica 480.00 54.43 - 54.72 55.42 -1.3 Mexico 73.45 75.81 94.36 74.35 100.95 -26.3 Other** 80.33 389.30 70.37 82.45 76.10 8.3 South America Total 107.72 108.02 149.99 107.88

356

Table 17. Average Price of U.S. Coke Exports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Average Price of U.S. Coke Exports Average Price of U.S. Coke Exports (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Table 17. Average Price of U.S. Coke Exports (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Year to Date Continent and Country of Destination April - June 2013 January - March 2013 April - June 2012 2013 2012 Percent Change North America Total 240.59 241.38 218.40 240.85 225.80 6.7 Canada* 147.49 330.47 243.04 183.08 286.56 -36.1 Mexico 316.57 211.63 189.12 273.97 171.71 59.6 Other** 612.42 485.63 134.48 525.92 135.04 289.5 South America Total 140.65 156.15 322.70 148.29 250.36 -40.8 Other** 140.65 156.15 322.70 148.29 250.36 -40.8 Europe Total 259.26 255.24 - 257.06 427.83 -39.9 Other**

357

Probability density function transformation using seeded localized averaging  

SciTech Connect

Seeded Localized Averaging (SLA) is a spectrum acquisition method that averages pulse-heights in dynamic windows. SLA sharpens peaks in the acquired spectra. This work investigates the transformation of the original probability density function (PDF) in the process of applying SLA procedure. We derive an analytical expression for the resulting probability density function after an application of SLA. In addition, we prove the following properties: 1) for symmetric distributions, SLA preserves both the mean and symmetry. 2) for uni-modal symmetric distributions, SLA reduces variance, sharpening the distributions peak. Our results are the first to prove these properties, reinforcing past experimental observations. Specifically, our results imply that in the typical case of a spectral peak with Gaussian PDF the full width at half maximum (FWHM) of the transformed peak becomes narrower even with averaging of only two pulse-heights. While the Gaussian shape is no longer preserved, our results include an analytical expression for the resulting distribution. Examples of the transformation of other PDFs are presented. (authors)

Dimitrov, N. B. [Operations Research Dept., Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA 93943 (United States); Jordanov, V. T. [Yantel, LLC, Santa Fe, NM 87508 (United States)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Table 22. Average Price of U.S. Coke Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Average Price of U.S. Coke Imports Average Price of U.S. Coke Imports (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Table 22. Average Price of U.S. Coke Imports (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Year to Date Continent and Country of Origin April - June 2013 January - March 2013 April - June 2012 2013 2012 Percent Change North America Total 263.21 252.66 353.05 261.29 356.01 -26.6 Canada 263.51 252.66 353.05 258.82 356.01 -27.3 Panama 263.09 - - 263.09 - - South America Total 196.86 194.14 175.88 195.94 181.01 8.2 Brazil - - 157.60 - 157.60 - Colombia 196.86 194.14 322.06 195.94 246.68 -20.6 Europe Total 181.55 232.13 385.65 225.53 384.96 -41.4 Czech Republic - 475.91 - 475.91 - - Spain 360.51

359

The AMTEX Partnership{trademark}: Creating and implementing a vision  

SciTech Connect

The vision and creativity of the multilaboratory team nominated for a special award resulted in the AMTEX Partnership{trademark}, a pace-setting agreement between US Department of Energy national laboratories and the US textile industry. The AMTEX Partnership is a role model for America to follow that brings the resources of government to bear on industrial needs while preserving the American values of free enterprise and fairness of opportunity. Together, the nominees created an important vision of the future. They capitalized on a government-sponsored workshop that provided an opportunity for industry to hear about laboratory capabilities. At the workshop, they attracted the attention of the integrated textile industry, a major segment of US industry whose economic future is very much at risk. They listened to the industry representatives, grasped the scope and implications of the industry`s needs - and recognized the potential for large-scale collaboration. In keeping with the scale of this prospect, they guided nine national laboratories from traditional ways of technology transfer into a cooperative venture with an entire vertically integrated industry.

Liebetrau, S.F.; Erickson, M.D.; Lemon, D.K.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

SPARSE ACQUISITION AND RECONSTRUCTION FOR SOME COMPUTER VISION PROBLEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sparse representation, acquisition and reconstruction of signals guided by theory of Compressive Sensing (CS) has become an active research research topic over the last few years. Sparse representations effectively capture the idea of parsimony enabling novel acquisition schemes including sub-Nyquist sampling. Ideas from CS have had significant impact on well established fields such as signal acquisition, machine learning and statistics and have also inspired new areas of research such as low rank matrix completion. In this dissertation we apply CS ideas to low-level computer vision problems. The contribution of this dissertation is to show that CS theory is an important addition to the existing computational toolbox in computer vision and pattern recognition, particularly in data representation and processing. Additionally, in each of the problems we show how sparse representation helps in improved modeling of the underlying data leading to novel applications and better understanding of existing problems. In our work, the impact of CS is most felt in the acquisition of videos with novel camera designs. We build prototype cameras with slow sensors capable ofcapturing at an order of magnitude higher temporal resolution. First, we propose

Nagilla Dikpal Reddy

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vision simple average" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

A Reanalysis of Ocean Climate Using Simple Ocean Data Assimilation (SODA)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the Simple Ocean Data Assimilation (SODA) reanalysis of ocean climate variability. In the assimilation, a model forecast produced by an ocean general circulation model with an average resolution of 0.25 0.4 40 levels is ...

James A. Carton; Benjamin S. Giese

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

A comparative study of model selection criteria for computer vision applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During last three decades many model selection techniques have been developed, many of those have also been employed in computer vision applications. Interestingly, most of those criteria are based upon assumptions that are rarely realised in practical ... Keywords: Model selection, Model-based computer vision, Motion segmentation, Range segmentation

Niloofar Gheissari; Alireza Bab-Hadiashar

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

VISION: cloud-powered sight for all: showing the cloud what you see  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We argue that for computers to do more for us, we need to show the cloud what we see and embrace cloud-powered sight for mobile users. We present sample applications that will be empowered by this vision, discuss why the timing is right to tackle it, ... Keywords: camera, cloud, computer vision, mobile computing, wearable computing

Paramvir Bahl; Matthai Philipose; Lin Zhong

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Vision 21: Ultra-Clean Energy Plants for the 21st Century  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vision 21 is the U.S. Department of Energys new initiative for developing the technology needed for ultra-clean 21st century energy plants. The goal of Vision 21 is to effectively remove, at competitive costs, environmental concerns associated with the use of fossil fuels for producing electricity and transportation fuels.

Lawrence A. Ruth

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

A review on vision techniques applied to Human Behaviour Analysis for Ambient-Assisted Living  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Human Behaviour Analysis (HBA) is more and more being of interest for computer vision and artificial intelligence researchers. Its main application areas, like Video Surveillance and Ambient-Assisted Living (AAL), have been in great demand in recent ... Keywords: Action recognition, Activities of daily living (ADLs), Activity recognition, Ambient-Assisted Living, Computer vision, Human behaviour, Motion analysis

Alexandros Andr Chaaraoui; Pau Climent-Prez; Francisco Flrez-Revuelta

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

An efficient two-step solution for vision-based pose determination of a parallel manipulator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A vision sensor for the direct pose determination of a parallel manipulator can extend the manipulators capabilities in many aspects. The existing approaches to a solution to the pose problem fall into two distinct categories: analytical solutions and ... Keywords: Analytical methods, Iterative methods, Parallel manipulator, Parallelogram, Point correspondence, Pose determination, Two-step solution, Vision sensor

Shuping Zhang; Yongsheng Ding; Kuangrong Hao; Dan Zhang

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

ENERGY ISSUES WORKING GROUP ON LONG-TERM VISIONS FOR FUSION POWER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENERGY ISSUES WORKING GROUP ON LONG-TERM VISIONS FOR FUSION POWER Don Steiner, Jeffrey Freidberg Farrokh Najmabadi William Nevins , and John Perkins The Energy Issues Working Group on Long-Term Visions energy production in the next century? 2. What is fusion's potential for penetrating the energy market

Najmabadi, Farrokh

368

An augmented reality human-computer interface for object localization in a cognitive vision system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The European Cognitive Vision project VAMPIRE uses mobile AR-kits to interact with a visual active memory for teaching and retrieval purposes. This paper describes concept and technical realization of the used mobile AR-kits and discusses interactive ... Keywords: 3D cursor, Cognitive vision system, Human-computer interaction, Mobile augmented reality

H. Siegl; M. Hanheide; S. Wrede; A. Pinz

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Status of Average-x from Lattice QCD  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As algorithms and computing power have advanced, lattice QCD has become a precision technique for many QCD observables. However, the calculation of nucleon matrix elements remains an open challenge. I summarize the status of the lattice effort by examining one observable that has come to represent this challenge, average-x: the fraction of the nucleon's momentum carried by its quark constituents. Recent results confirm a long standing tendency to overshoot the experimentally measured value. Understanding this puzzle is essential to not only the lattice calculation of nucleon properties but also the broader effort to determine hadron structure from QCD.

Dru Renner

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Long-term average performance benefits of parabolic trough improvements  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Improved parabolic trough concentrating collectors will result from better design, improved fabrication techniques, and the development and utilization of improved materials. This analysis quantifies the relative merit of various technological advancements in improving the long-term average performance of parabolic trough concentrating collectors and presents them graphically as a function of operating temperature for north-south, east-west, and polar mounted parabolic troughs. Substantial annual energy gains (exceeding 50% at 350/sup 0/C) are shown to be attainable with improved parabolic troughs.

Gee, R.; Gaul, H.; Kearney, D.; Rabl, A.

1979-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

U-129: RSA enVision Bugs Permit Cross-Site Scripting, SQL Injection, and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9: RSA enVision Bugs Permit Cross-Site Scripting, SQL 9: RSA enVision Bugs Permit Cross-Site Scripting, SQL Injection, and Directory Traversal Attacks U-129: RSA enVision Bugs Permit Cross-Site Scripting, SQL Injection, and Directory Traversal Attacks March 20, 2012 - 7:00am Addthis PROBLEM: RSA enVision Bugs Permit Cross-Site Scripting, SQL Injection, and Directory Traversal Attacks PLATFORM: 4.x, prior to 4.1 Patch 4 ABSTRACT: Several vulnerabilities were reported in RSA enVision. A remote user can access the system. A remote authenticated user can conduct cross-site scripting attacks. A remote authenticated user can inject SQL commands. A remote authenticated user can view files on the target system. Reference LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1026819 CVE-2012-0403 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: The system does not properly filter HTML code from user-supplied input

372

National Energy Map for India:Technology Vision 2030 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for India:Technology Vision 2030 for India:Technology Vision 2030 Jump to: navigation, search Name National Energy Map for India:Technology Vision 2030 Agency/Company /Organization Government of India, The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) Sector Energy Focus Area Conventional Energy, Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics GHG inventory, Resource assessment, Pathways analysis, Background analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type Guide/manual Website http://psa.gov.in/writereaddat Country India UN Region South-Eastern Asia References National Energy Map for India:Technology Vision 2030[1] National Energy Map for India:Technology Vision 2030 Screenshot Overview "The report discusses the data, assumptions, and methodological framework used to estimate useful energy requirements of the country based on

373

U-090: RSA enVision Discloses Environment Variable Information to Remote  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0: RSA enVision Discloses Environment Variable Information to 0: RSA enVision Discloses Environment Variable Information to Remote Users U-090: RSA enVision Discloses Environment Variable Information to Remote Users January 27, 2012 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: A vulnerability was reported in RSA enVision PLATFORM: Version(s): 4.0 prior to 4.0 SP4 P5, 4.1 prior to 4.1 P3 ABSTRACT: A remote user can view potentially sensitive data on the target system. reference LINKS: CVE-2011-4143 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1026591 Secunia Advisory IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion: The security issue is caused due to the application disclosing certain environment variables containing web system setup information via the web interface. Further information about this resolution and other fixes can be found in the Release Notes associated with RSA enVision 4.1, Patch 3 and

374

South Africa-National Development Plan: Vision for 2030 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-National Development Plan: Vision for 2030 South Africa-National Development Plan: Vision for 2030 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: South Africa-National Development Plan: Vision for 2030 Agency/Company /Organization: Government of South Africa Sector: Climate, Energy, Land, Water Focus Area: Economic Development Topics: Background analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: www.npconline.co.za/medialib/downloads/home/NPC%20National%20Developme Cost: Free UN Region: Southern Africa Language: English South Africa-National Development Plan: Vision for 2030 Screenshot References: South Africa-National Development Plan[1] References ↑ "South Africa-National Development Plan" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=South_Africa-National_Development_Plan:_Vision_for_2030&oldid=391220"

375

Department of Energy Releases Vision & Framework for the U.S. Climate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vision & Framework for the U.S. Vision & Framework for the U.S. Climate Change Technology Program Department of Energy Releases Vision & Framework for the U.S. Climate Change Technology Program August 5, 2005 - 2:38pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC -- In a speech before the Climate Policy Center in Washington, D.C., David Conover, Director of the Department of Energy's Climate Change Technology Program (CCTP), today announced the release of the department's Vision and Framework for Strategy and Planning report on behalf of Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman. The report provides strategic direction and guidance to the 10 Federal agencies developing new and advanced global climate change technologies. The Vision and Framework document is organized around six complementary goals: (1) reducing emissions from energy use and infrastructure; (2)

376

The aviator's (re)vision of the world : an aesthetics of ascension in Norman Bel Geddes's Futurama  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation considers a new ontology of vision brought on by the advent of human flight. It focuses on the project that best reflects this new vision: the Futurama, an exhibit designed by the American industrial ...

Morshed, Adnan Zillur

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

ADVANCED HYDROGEN TRANSPORT MEMBRANES FOR VISION 21 FOSSIL FUEL PLANTS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Eltron Research Inc., and team members CoorsTek, McDermott Technology, Inc., Sued Chemie, Argonne National Laboratory, and Oak Ridge National Laboratory are developing an environmentally benign, inexpensive, and efficient method for separating hydrogen from gas mixtures produced during industrial processes, such as coal gasification. This objective is being pursued using dense membranes based in part on Eltron-patented ceramic materials with a demonstrated ability for proton and electron conduction. The technical goals are being addressed by modifying single-phase and composite membrane composition and microstructure to maximize proton and electron conductivity without loss of material stability. Ultimately, these materials must enable hydrogen separation at practical rates under ambient and high-pressure conditions, without deactivation in the presence of feedstream components such as carbon dioxide, water, and sulfur. This project was motivated by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Vision 21 initiative which seeks to economically eliminate environmental concerns associated with the use of fossil fuels. The proposed technology addresses the DOE Vision 21 initiative in two ways. First, this process offers a relatively inexpensive solution for pure hydrogen separation that can be easily incorporated into Vision 21 fossil fuel plants. Second, this process could reduce the cost of hydrogen, which is a clean burning fuel under increasing demand as supporting technologies are developed for hydrogen utilization and storage. Additional motivation for this project arises from the potential of this technology for other applications. Membranes testing during this reporting period were greater than 1 mm thick and had the general perovskite composition AB{sub 1-x}B'{sub x}O{sub 3-{delta}}, where 0.05 {<=} x {<=} 0.3. These materials demonstrated hydrogen separation rates between 1 and 2 mL/min/cm{sup 2}, which represents roughly 20% of the target goal for membranes of this thickness. The sintered membranes were greater than 95% dense, but the phase purity decreased with increasing dopant concentration. The quantity of dopant incorporated into the perovskite phase was roughly constant, with excess dopant forming an additional phase. Composite materials with distinct ceramic and metallic phases, and thin film perovskites (100 {micro}m) also were successfully prepared, but have not yet been tested for hydrogen transport. Finally, porous platinum was identified as a excellent catalyst for evaluation of membrane materials, however, lower cost nickel catalyst systems are being developed.

Shane E. Roark; Tony F. Sammells; Adam Calihman; Andy Girard; Pamela M. Van Calcar; Richard Mackay; Tom Barton; Sara Rolfe

2001-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

378

Detection of Special Operations Forces Using Night Vision Devices  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Night vision devices, such image intensifiers and infrared imagers, are readily available to a host of nations, organizations, and individuals through international commerce. Once the trademark of special operations units, these devices are widely advertised to ''turn night into day''. In truth, they cannot accomplish this formidable task, but they do offer impressive enhancement of vision in limited light scenarios through electronically generated images. Image intensifiers and infrared imagers are both electronic devices for enhancing vision in the dark. However, each is based upon a totally different physical phenomenon. Image intensifiers amplify the available light energy whereas infrared imagers detect the thermal energy radiated from all objects. Because of this, each device operates from energy which is present in a different portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. This leads to differences in the ability of each device to detect and/or identify objects. This report is a compilation of the available information on both state-of-the-art image intensifiers and infrared imagers. Image intensifiers developed in the United States, as well as some foreign made image intensifiers, are discussed. Image intensifiers are categorized according to their spectral response and sensitivity using the nomenclature of GEN I, GEN II, and GEN III. As the first generation of image intensifiers, GEN I, were large and of limited performance, this report will deal with only GEN II and GEN III equipment. Infrared imagers are generally categorized according to their spectral response, sensor materials, and related sensor operating temperature using the nomenclature Medium Wavelength Infrared (MWIR) Cooled and Long Wavelength Infrared (LWIR) Uncooled. MWIR Cooled refers to infrared imagers which operate in the 3 to 5 {micro}m wavelength electromagnetic spectral region and require either mechanical or thermoelectric coolers to keep the sensors operating at 77 K. LWIR Uncooled refers to infrared imagers which operate in the 8 to 12 {micro}m wavelength electromagnetic spectral region and do not require cooling below room temperature. Both commercial and military infrared sensors of these two types are discussed.

Smith, C.M.

2001-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

379

Decadal Oscillations in a Simple Coupled Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To study the dynamics that may lead to decadal oscillations in the North Pacific a simple coupled model is developed. The ocean is based on the linear, potential vorticity equation for baroclinic planetary waves. The atmosphere is reduced to a ...

Matthias Mnnich; Mojib Latif; Stephan Venzke; Ernst Maier-Reimer

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Table 14a. Average Electricity Prices, Projected vs. Actual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

a. Average Electricity Prices, Projected vs. Actual a. Average Electricity Prices, Projected vs. Actual Projected Price in Constant Dollars (constant dollars, cents per kilowatt-hour in "dollar year" specific to each AEO) AEO Dollar Year 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 AEO 1995 1993 6.80 6.80 6.70 6.70 6.70 6.70 6.70 6.80 6.80 6.90 6.90 6.90 7.00 7.00 7.10 7.10 7.20 AEO 1996 1994 7.09 6.99 6.94 6.93 6.96 6.96 6.96 6.97 6.98 6.97 6.98 6.95 6.95 6.94 6.96 6.95 6.91 AEO 1997 1995 6.94 6.89 6.90 6.91 6.86 6.84 6.78 6.73 6.66 6.60 6.58 6.54 6.49 6.48 6.45 6.36

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vision simple average" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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381

A high average power electro-optic switch using KTP  

SciTech Connect

High damage threshold, high thermal conductivity, and small thermo-optic coefficients make KTiOPO{sub 4} (KTP) an attractive material for use in a high average power Q-switch. However, electro-chromic damage and refractive index homogeneity have prevented the utilization of KTP in such a device in the past. This work shows that electro-chromic damage is effectively suppressed using capacitive coupling, and a KTP crystal can be Q-switched for 1.5 {times} 10{sup 9} shots without any detectable electro-chromic damage. In addition, KTP with the high uniformity and large aperture size needed for a KTP electro-optic Q-switch can be obtained from flux crystals grown at constant temperature. A thermally compensated, dual crystal KTP Q-switch, which successfully produced 50 mJ pulses with a pulse width of 8 ns (FWHM), has been constructed. In addition, in off-line testing the Q-switch showed less than 7% depolarization at an average power loading of 3.2 kW/cm{sup 2}.

Ebbers, C.A.; Cook, W.M.; Velsko, S.P.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

[Global warming and the running average sunspot number  

SciTech Connect

It has been reported in your pages that the Bush administration`s views and actions regarding how or whether to react to possible global warming due to greenhouse gases have been influenced by the so-called Marshall report. This unrefereed report, released by the George C. Marshall Institute, had as its principal conclusion the finding that the 0.5{degree} C global warming of the last century was mostly due to solar variability and, thus, the greenhouse warming of the 21st century can be expected to be a relatively small l{degree} C or so. The authors support this finding by comparing the 33-year running average sunspot number with the trend in annual average global temperature and noting the parallel between the two, especially during the 1940s--1960s when the temperature trend was downward. Subsequent letters to Science debated the merits of this and other conclusions contained in the report. I now present additional technical evidence which shows that, quite aside from the question of whether the data presented in the report support its conclusions, the actual figure on which the above conclusion is based is in error.

Fernau, M.E.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Calculations of nonspherically averaged charge densities for subtitutionally disordered alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on screening transformations of muffin-tin orbitals introduced by Andersen et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 2571 (1984)], we have developed a formalism for calculating the non-spherically averaged charge densities of substitutionally disordered alloys using the Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker coherent potential approximation (KKR CPA) method in the atomic-sphere approximation (ASA). We have validated our method by calculating charge densities for ordered structures, where we find that our approach yields charge densities that are essentially indistinguishable from the results of full-potential methods. For substitutionally disordered alloys, where full-potential methods have not been implemented so far, our approach can be used to calculate reliable non-spherically averaged charge densities from spherically symmetric one-electron potentials obtained from the KKR-ASA CPA. We report on our study of differences in charge denisty between ordered AlLi in L1{sub o} phase and substitutionally disordered Al{sub 0.5}Li{sub 0.5} on face-centered cubic lattice.

Singh, P.P.; Gonis, A.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Plasma dynamics and a significant error of macroscopic averaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The methods of macroscopic averaging used to derive the macroscopic Maxwell equations from electron theory are methodologically incorrect and lead in some cases to a substantial error. For instance, these methods do not take into account the existence of a macroscopic electromagnetic field EB, HB generated by carriers of electric charge moving in a thin layer adjacent to the boundary of the physical region containing these carriers. If this boundary is impenetrable for charged particles, then in its immediate vicinity all carriers are accelerated towards the inside of the region. The existence of the privileged direction of acceleration results in the generation of the macroscopic field EB, HB. The contributions to this field from individual accelerated particles are described with a sufficient accuracy by the Lienard-Wiechert formulas. In some cases the intensity of the field EB, HB is significant not only for deuteron plasma prepared for a controlled thermonuclear fusion reaction but also for electron plasma in conductors at room temperatures. The corrected procedures of macroscopic averaging will induce some changes in the present form of plasma dynamics equations. The modified equations will help to design improved systems of plasma confinement.

Marek A. Szalek

2005-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

385

Yearly average performance of the principal solar collector types  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The results of hour-by-hour simulations for 26 meteorological stations are used to derive universal correlations for the yearly total energy that can be delivered by the principal solar collector types: flat plate, evacuated tubes, CPC, single- and dual-axis tracking collectors, and central receiver. The correlations are first- and second-order polynomials in yearly average insolation, latitude, and threshold (= heat loss/optical efficiency). With these correlations, the yearly collectible energy can be found by multiplying the coordinates of a single graph by the collector parameters, which reproduces the results of hour-by-hour simulations with an accuracy (rms error) of 2% for flat plates and 2% to 4% for concentrators. This method can be applied to collectors that operate year-around in such a way that no collected energy is discarded, including photovoltaic systems, solar-augmented industrial process heat systems, and solar thermal power systems. The method is also recommended for rating collectors of different type or manufacturer by yearly average performance, evaluating the effects of collector degradation, the benefits of collector cleaning, and the gains from collector improvements (due to enhanced optical efficiency or decreased heat loss per absorber surface). For most of these applications, the method is accurate enough to replace a system simulation.

Rabl, A.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Present-Day and Last-Glacial-Maximum Ocean Thermohaline Circulation in a Zonally Averaged Coupled OceanSea-IceAtmosphere Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple oceanatmosphere model suitable for long-term paleoclimate studies is presented. It consists of a three-basin zonally averaged ocean model coupled to an energy moisture-balance atmospheric model and a thermodynamic sea-ice model. The ...

H. Bjornsson; L. A. Mysak

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Entropy Production in Simple Special Relativistic Fluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is well known that, in the absence of external forces, simple non-relativistic fluids involve entropy production only through heat conduction and shear viscosity. In this work, it is shown that a number density gradient contributes to the local entropy production of a simple relativistic fluid using special relativistic kinetic theory. Also, the presence of an external field may cause strictly relativistic contributions to the entropy production, a fact not widely recognized. The implications of these effects are thoroughly discussed.

D. Brun-Battistini; A. Sandoval-Villalbazo; A. L. Garcia-Perciante

2013-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

388

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Electric Power - Technology  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Technology Pathways Technology Pathways Industry Vision & Roadmaps The following documents are available for download as Adobe PDF documents. Download Acrobat Reader A Climate Contingency Roadmap for the U.S. Electricity Sector: Phase II (PDF 192 KB) This roadmap examines the role of the electric sector in climate change and the sectoral impacts of alternative climate policy designs. The document explores the capabilities and costs of emissions reduction options and the influence of company-specific circumstances on the design of cost-effective response strategies. It also investigates mechanisms to create incentives for support of advanced climate-related technology research, development, and demonstration. Electric Power Research Institute Roadmap The Electric Power Research Institute is initiating an effort to develop an

389

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Electric Power: Results  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Results Results Results The members of the trade associations that comprise Power PartnersSM, along with the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) have long been leaders in voluntary GHG reporting. These efforts are now being supplemented by reporting on GHG emissions intensity under the Climate VISION program. Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Electric utilities, power generators, and TVA currently plan to continue reporting their GHG emissions reduction activities under the voluntary program established under section 1605(b) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 and administered by EIA. This program provides a means for companies, organizations, and individuals who have reduced their emissions to record their accomplishments and share their ideas for future action. GHG

390

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Iron and Steel: Results  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Results Results No measured results exist at this time in terms of greenhouse gas intensity reductions, given the recent start-up of the Climate VISION program and evolving industry commitments. As the program develops and the industry sectors finalize their work plans, participating associations and the federal government will begin tracking progress. The results will be measured by metrics developed by the industry, in partnership with the government, and reported. It is likely that the 1605(b) program will be the instrument used to report progress. Progress will also be reported on this website. Please check back on this website and the Energy Information Agency website for updates. Read the U.S. Steel Industry Energy Efficiency Fact Sheet (PDF 83 KB) Download Acrobat Reader

391

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Electric Power: Resources and  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Industry Associations Industry Associations Power Sector Programs/Initiatives Facilitating Organizations Other Resources Power Sector Programs/Initiatives To help achieve its Climate VISION commitment, the power sector has developed a series of programs and sector-wide initiatives. Power sector members are encouraged to participate in programs organized by their EPICI representative organization and join one of the sector-wide initiatives described below. PowerTree Carbon Company Through PowerTree Carbon Company, electric companies are partnering with government agencies and environmental groups to plant trees and restore natural ecosystems in Arkansas, Louisiana, and Mississippi. In addition to sequestering CO2 emissions, the PowerTree Carbon Company project will: create significant habitats for waterfowl, birds, and other native wildlife

392

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Oil and Gas: Results  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Results Results The following are summary descriptions of actions taken to date by the American Petroleum Institute (API) and its members, as related to the Climate VISION program and GHG emissions intensity reduction, in general. For more complete information, please visit API's website (www.api.org) and view Climate Challenge:A Progress Report and, for the most recent examples, please see Companies Address Climate Change. (Also please browse API member company websites for additional information on company climate change initiatives.) API Climate Greenhouse Gas Estimation & Reporting Challenge API has developed and is distributing accurate greenhouse gas emissions estimating tools via its Compendium of GHG Emissions Methodologies for the Oil and Gas Industry (PDF 14.6 MB). The Compendium implements more robust

393

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Forest Products: Resources and  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Industry Associations Industry Associations American Forest & Paper Association (AF&PA) AF&PA's message is to provide significant value to member companies through outstanding performance in those areas that are key to members' success and where an association can be more effective than individual companies. AF&PA is the national trade association of the forest, pulp, paper, paperboard, and wood products industry. Industry Vision and Technology Partnerships: Agenda 2020 Coordinating with AF&PA to develop a technology strategy. Institute of Paper Science and Technology (IPST) The Institute of Paper Science and Technology (IPST) is a privately funded 501 (c)(3) graduate research university with engineering and scientific programs related to the pulp and paper industry. IPST has established

394

Climate VISION: PrivateSector Initiatives: Mining: Work Plans  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Work Plans Work Plans The National Mining Association (NMA) will lead the industry effort to produce a work plan in collaboration with DOE and EPA. The plan will include the industry's proposed implementation actions to reduce greenhouse gas emission intensity by 2012 and a schedule for achieving its commitments. The industry group, with the assistance of DOE and EPA, will implement the actions. It is anticipated that the work plan may contain four major components: Element 1: Emission measurement and reporting protocols Emission measurement and reporting protocols relate to various "Actions" of the industry group's Climate VISION letter of intent. Element 2: Identify/implement near-term, cost-effective opportunities The identification and implementation of near-term, cost-effective actions

395

ADVANCED HYDROGEN TRANSPORT MEMBRANES FOR VISION 21 FOSSIL FUEL PLANTS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Eltron Research Inc., and team members CoorsTek, McDermott Technology, inc., Sued Chemie, Argonne National Laboratory, and Oak Ridge National Laboratory are developing an environmentally benign, inexpensive, and efficient method for separating hydrogen from gas mixtures produced during industrial processes, such as coal gasification. This project was motivated by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Vision 21 initiative which seeks to economically eliminate environmental concerns associated with the use of fossil fuels. This objective is being pursued using dense membranes based in part on Eltron-patented ceramic materials with a demonstrated ability for proton and electron conduction. The technical goals are being addressed by modifying single-phase and composite membrane composition and microstructure to maximize proton and electron conductivity without loss of material stability. Ultimately, these materials must enable hydrogen separation at practical rates under ambient and high-pressure conditions, without deactivation in the presence of feedstream components such as carbon dioxide, water, and sulfur.

Shane E. Roark; Anthony F. Sammells; Richard A. Mackay; Lyrik Y. Pitzman; Thomas A. Zirbel; Thomas F. Barton; Sara L. Rolfe; U. (Balu) Balachandran; Richard N. Kleiner; James E. Stephan; Frank E. Anderson; George Farthing; Dan Rowley; Tim R. Armstrong; R.D. Carneim; P.F. Becher; C-H. Hsueh; Aaron L. Wagner; Jon P. Wagner

2002-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

396

Interacting with embodied agents that can see: how vision-enabled agents can assist in spatial tasks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe user experiences with a system equipped with cognitive vision that interacts with the user in the context of personal assistance in the office. A cognitive vision computer can see the user and user responses and react to situations ... Keywords: cognitive vision, embodied agent, intelligent systems, personal assistant, personality type, user experience

Arjan Geven; Johann Schrammel; Manfred Tscheligi

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Architecture Exploration Based on Tasks Partitioning Between Hardware, Software and Locality for a Wireless Vision Sensor Node  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless Vision Sensor Networks WVSNs is an emerging field which consists of a number of Visual Sensor Nodes VSNs. Compared to traditional sensor networks, WVSNs operates on two dimensional data, which requires high bandwidth and high energy consumption. ... Keywords: Hardware/Software Partitioning, Image Processing, Reconfigurable Architecture, Vision Sensor Node, Wireless Vision Sensor Networks

Muhammad Imran; Khursheed Khursheed; Abdul Waheed Malik; Naeem Ahmad; Mattias O'Nils; Najeem Lawal; Benny Thrnberg

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Network-based consensus averaging with general noisy channels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper focuses on the consensus averaging problem on graphs under general noisy channels. We study a particular class of distributed consensus algorithms based on damped updates, and using the ordinary differential equation method, we prove that the updates converge almost surely to exact consensus for finite variance noise. Our analysis applies to various types of stochastic disturbances, including errors in parameters, transmission noise, and quantization noise. Under a suitable stability condition, we prove that the error is asymptotically Gaussian, and we show how the asymptotic covariance is specified by the graph Laplacian. For additive parameter noise, we show how the scaling of the asymptotic MSE is controlled by the spectral gap of the Laplacian.

Rajagopal, Ram

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Measurement strategies for estimating long-term average wind speeds  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The uncertainty and bias in estimates of long-term average wind speeds inherent in continuous and intermittent measurement strategies are examined by simulating the application of the strategies to 40 data sets. Continuous strategies have smaller uncertainties for fixed duration measurement programs, but intermittent strategies make more efficient use of instruments and have smaller uncertainties for a fixed amount of instrument use. Continuous strategies tend to give biased estimates of the long-term annual mean speed unless an integral number of years' data is collected or the measurement program exceeds 3 years in duration. Intermittent strategies with three or more month-long measurement periods per year do not show any tendency toward bias.

Ramsdell, J.V.; Houston, S.; Wegley, H.L.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Climate: monthly and annual average relative humidity GIS data at  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

relative humidity GIS data at relative humidity GIS data at one-degree resolution of the World from NASA/SSE Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Relative Humidity at 10 m Above The Surface Of The Earth (%)NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Nov 2007)22-year Monthly & Annual Average (July 1983 - June 2005)Parameter: Relative Humidity at 10 m Above The Surface Of The Earth (%)Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/Note 1: SSE Methodology & Accuracy sections onlineNote 2: Lat/Lon values indicate the lower left corner of a 1x1 degree region. Negative values are south and west; positive values are north and east. Boundaries of the -90/-180 region are -90 to -89 (south) and -180 to -179 (west). The last region, 89/180, is bounded by 89 to 90 (north) and 179 to 180 (east). The mid-point of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vision simple average" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Sampling Errors of SSM/I and TRMM Rainfall Averages: Comparison with Error Estimates from Surface Data and a Simple Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quantitative use of satellite-derived maps of monthly rainfall requires some measure of the accuracy of the satellite estimates. The rainfall estimate for a given map grid box is subject to both remote sensing error and, especially in the case of ...

Thomas L. Bell; Prasun K. Kundu; Christian D. Kummerow

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Table 15. Average Electricity Prices, Projected vs. Actual  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Average Electricity Prices, Projected vs. Actual Average Electricity Prices, Projected vs. Actual (nominal cents per kilowatt-hour) 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 AEO 1982 6.38 6.96 7.63 8.23 8.83 9.49 AEO 1983 6.85 7.28 7.74 8.22 8.68 9.18 13.12 AEO 1984 6.67 7.05 7.48 7.89 8.25 8.65 11.53 AEO 1985 6.62 6.94 7.32 7.63 7.89 8.15 8.46 8.85 9.20 9.61 10.04 AEO 1986 6.67 6.88 7.05 7.18 7.35 7.52 7.65 7.87 8.31 8.83 9.41 10.01 10.61 11.33 12.02 AEO 1987 6.63 6.65 6.92 7.12 7.38 7.62 7.94 8.36 8.86 11.99 AEO 1989* 6.50 6.75 7.14 7.48 7.82 8.11 8.50 8.91 9.39 9.91 10.49 11.05 11.61 AEO 1990 6.49 6.72 8.40 10.99 14.5 AEO 1991 6.94 7.31 7.59 7.82 8.18 8.38 8.54 8.73 8.99 9.38 9.83 10.29 10.83 11.36 11.94 12.58 13.21 13.88 14.58 15.21 AEO 1992 6.97 7.16 7.32 7.56 7.78 8.04 8.29 8.57 8.93 9.38 9.82 10.26 10.73 11.25 11.83 12.37 12.96 13.58 14.23 AEO 1993

403

National Hydrogen Energy Roadmap: A National Hydrogen Vision (CD-ROM)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

''The National Hydrogen Energy Roadmap'' was unveiled by the Secretary of Energy, Spencer Abraham, November 12, 2002. The Roadmap provides a blueprint for the coordinated, long-term, public and private efforts required for hydrogen energy development. This CD-ROM also includes''A National Vision of America's Transition to a Hydrogen Economy-to 2030 and Beyond'', which was published in February 2002 as a result of the Hydrogen Vision Meeting. This document summarizes the potential role for hydrogen systems in America's energy future, outlining the common vision of the ''hydrogen economy.''

Not Available

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Simple Summer Savings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Simple Summer Savings Simple Summer Savings Simple Summer Savings May 21, 2012 - 12:26pm Addthis Kristin Swineford Communication Specialist, Weatherization and Intergovernmental Programs It's officially summer! Well, no, it isn't, but we are so close! That said, I began thinking about ways that I plan to save energy and energy costs at my apartment in the upcoming months of unending heat and humidity. One surprising thing I learned while doing a little research is that a full refrigerator naturally optimizes your energy consumption. Apparently it works like this: when you open the door, a stocked refrigerator will hinder the cool air from escaping and subsequently, the more items that take up space, the less air there is to have to cool. I really can't think of a reason not to have a full refrigerator anyway,

405

A simple method to downscale daily wind statistics to hourly wind data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wind is the principal driver in the wind erosion models. The hourly wind speed data were generally required for precisely wind erosion modeling. In this study, a simple method to generate hourly wind speed data from daily wind statistics (daily average and maximum wind speeds together or daily average wind speed only) was established. A typical windy location with 3285 days (9 years) measured hourly wind speed data were used to validate the downscaling method. The results showed that the overall agreement between observed and simulated cumulative wind speed probability distributions appears excellent, especially for the wind speeds greater than 5 m s-1 range (erosive wind speed). The results further revealed that the values of daily average erosive wind power density (AWPD) calculated from generated wind speeds fit the counterparts computed from measured wind speeds well with high models' efficiency (Nash-Sutcliffe coefficient). So that the hourly wind speed data can be predicted from daily average and maximu...

Guo, Zhongling

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Plate with a hole obeys the averaged null energy condition  

SciTech Connect

The negative energy density of Casimir systems appears to violate general relativity energy conditions. However, one cannot test the averaged null energy condition (ANEC) using standard calculations for perfectly reflecting plates, because the null geodesic would have to pass through the plates, where the calculation breaks down. To avoid this problem, we compute the contribution to ANEC for a geodesic that passes through a hole in a single plate. We consider both Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions in two and three space dimensions. We use a Babinet's principle argument to reduce the problem to a complementary finite disk correction to the perfect mirror result, which we then compute using scattering theory in elliptical and spheroidal coordinates. In the Dirichlet case, we find that the positive correction due to the hole overwhelms the negative contribution of the infinite plate. In the Neumann case, where the infinite plate gives a positive contribution, the hole contribution is smaller in magnitude, so again ANEC is obeyed. These results can be extended to the case of two plates in the limits of large and small hole radii. This system thus provides another example of a situation where ANEC turns out to be obeyed when one might expect it to be violated.

Graham, Noah; Olum, Ken D. [Department of Physics, Middlebury College, Middlebury, Vermont 05753 (United States); Institute of Cosmology, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts 02155 (United States)

2005-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

407

Table 19. Average Price of U.S. Coal Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price of U.S. Coal Imports Price of U.S. Coal Imports (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Table 19. Average Price of U.S. Coal Imports (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Year to Date Continent and Country of Origin April - June 2013 January - March 2013 April - June 2012 2013 2012 Percent Change North America Total 147.86 138.39 191.01 144.86 197.96 -26.8 Canada 147.86 138.39 191.00 144.86 197.95 -26.8 Mexico - - 286.23 - 286.23 - South America Total 75.29 80.74 86.52 77.20 87.17 -11.4 Argentina - - 504.70 - 504.70 - Colombia 74.87 80.74 83.03 76.96 85.25 -9.7 Peru 87.09 - - 87.09 - - Venezuela 91.81 - 122.01 91.81 112.61 -18.5 Europe Total - 136.50 137.33 136.50 146.31 -6.7

408

Climate: monthly and annual average atmospheric pressure GIS data at  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

atmospheric pressure GIS data at atmospheric pressure GIS data at one-degree resolution of the World from NASA/SSE Dataset Summary Description (Abstract):Atmospheric Pressure (kPa)NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Nov 2007)22-year Monthly & Annual Average (July 1983 - June 2005)Parameter: Atmospheric Pressure (kPa)Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/Note 1: SSE Methodology & Accuracy sections onlineNote 2: Lat/Lon values indicate the lower left corner of a 1x1 degree region. Negative values are south and west; positive values are north and east. Boundaries of the -90/-180 region are -90 to -89 (south) and -180 to -179 (west). The last region, 89/180, is bounded by 89 to 90 (north) and 179 to 180 (east). The mid-point of the region is +0.5 added to the the Lat/Lon value. These data are

409

Long-term average performance benefits of parabolic trough improvements  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Improved parabolic trough concentrating collectors will result from better design, improved fabrication techniques, and the development and utilization of improved materials. The difficulty of achieving these improvements varies as does their potential for increasing parabolic trough performance. The purpose of this analysis is to quantify the relative merit of various technology advancements in improving the long-term average performance of parabolic trough concentrating collectors. The performance benefits of improvements are determined as a function of operating temperature for north-south, east-west, and polar mounted parabolic troughs. The results are presented graphically to allow a quick determination of the performance merits of particular improvements. Substantial annual energy gains are shown to be attainable. Of the improvements evaluated, the development of stable back-silvered glass reflective surfaces offers the largest performance gain for operating temperatures below 150/sup 0/C. Above 150/sup 0/C, the development of trough receivers that can maintain a vacuum is the most significant potential improvement. The reduction of concentrator slope errors also has a substantial performance benefit at high operating temperatures.

Gee, R.; Gaul, H.W.; Kearney, D.; Rabl, A.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Ensemble phase averaging equations for multiphase flows in porous media, part I: the bundle-of-tubes model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A bundle-of-tubes construct is used as a model system to study ensemble averaged equations for multiphase flow in a porous material. Momentum equations for the fluid phases obtained from the method are similar to Darcy's law, but with additional terms. We study properties of the additional terms, and the conditions under which the averaged equations can be approximated by the diffusion model or the extended Darcy's law as often used in models for multiphase flows in porous media. Although the bundle-of-tubes model is perhaps the simplest model for a porous material, the ensemble averaged equation technique developed in this paper assumes the very same form in more general treatments described in Part 2 of the present work (Zhang 2009). Any model equation system intended for the more general cases must be understood and tested first using simple models. The concept of ensemble phase averaging is dissected here in physical terms, without involved mathematics through its application to the idealized bundle-of-tubes model for multiphase flow in porous media.

Yang, Dali [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Zhang, Duan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Currier, Robert [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Flowmeter for determining average rate of flow of liquid in a conduit  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is a compact, precise, and relatively simple device for use in determining the average rate of flow of a liquid through a conduit. The liquid may be turbulent and contain bubbles of gas. In a preferred embodiment, the flowmeter includes an electrical circuit and a flow vessel which is connected as a segment of the conduit conveying the liquid. The vessel is provided with a valved outlet and is partitioned by a vertical baffle into coaxial chambers whose upper regions are vented to permit the escape of gas. The inner chamber receives turbulent downflowing liquid from the conduit and is sized to operate at a lower pressure than the conduit, thus promoting evolution of gas from the liquid. Lower zones of the two chambers are interconnected so that the downflowing liquid establishes liquid levels in both chambers. The liquid level in the outer chamber is comparatively calm, being to a large extent isolated from the turbulence in the inner chamber once the liquid in the outer chamber has risen above the liquid-introduction zone for that chamber. Lower and upper probes are provided in the outer chamber for sensing the liquid level therein at points above its liquid-introduction zone. An electrical circuit is connected to the probes to display the time required for the liquid level in the outer chamber to successively contact the lower and upper probes. The average rate of flow through the conduit can be determined from the above-mentioned time and the vessel volume filled by the liquid during that time.

Kennerly, J.M.; Lindner, G.M.; Rowe, J.C.

1981-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

412

Fast and simple approach for polygon schematization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The schematization of simple polygons into octilinear polygons is a computational problem arising in the context of electronic CAD systems. In particular, it appears when the generation and propagation of electromagnetic noise into real-world multi-layer ... Keywords: CAD applications, algorithm engineering, computational geometry, experimental analysis, polygon schematization

Serafino Cicerone; Matteo Cermignani

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Simple data-driven modeling of brushes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a new and simple data-driven technique for modeling 3D brushes for use in realistic painting programs. Our technique simplifies and accelerates simulation of the constrained dynamics of brushes by using a small lookup table that efficiently ... Keywords: data-driven, deformation, dynamics, example-based, optimization, painting systems, physically based modeling

William Baxter; Naga Govindaraju

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

A National Vision of America's Transition to a Hydrogen Economy--To 2030 and Beyond  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Toward a More Secure and Cleaner Energy Future for America A NATIONAL VISION OF AMERICA'S TRANSITION TO A HYDROGEN ECONOMY - TO 2030 AND BEYOND February 2002 Based on the results of the National Hydrogen Vision Meeting Washington, DC November 15-16, 2001 United States Department of Energy i A Call for Partnership This document outlines a vision for America's energy future-a more secure nation powered by clean, abundant hydrogen. This vision can be realized if the Nation works together to fully understand hydrogen's potential, to develop and deploy hydrogen technologies, and to produce and deliver hydrogen energy in an affordable, safe, and convenient manner. President Bush's National Energy Policy says, "In the long run, alternative energy technologies such as hydrogen show great promise." In response, Energy Secretary

415

Bush Hydrogen Vision "Fueled" By California Station Opening | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bush Hydrogen Vision "Fueled" By California Station Opening Bush Hydrogen Vision "Fueled" By California Station Opening Bush Hydrogen Vision "Fueled" By California Station Opening February 18, 2005 - 10:26am Addthis CHINO, CALIF. - In a major step toward achieving President George W. Bush's vision for a hydrogen economy, Assistant Secretary of Energy David Garman today joined representatives of ChevronTexaco, Hyundai-Kia and UTC Fuel Cells at the opening of a hydrogen fueling station in Chino, CA. The station is a major part of the Department of Energy's Hydrogen "Learning Demonstration," which brings together automobile makers and energy companies to test fuel cell vehicles and hydrogen fueling systems in real-world conditions. "Hydrogen fuel cells represent one of the most encouraging, innovative

416

Secretary Chu Presents Smart Grid Vision and Announces $144 Million in  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Presents Smart Grid Vision and Announces $144 Million Presents Smart Grid Vision and Announces $144 Million in Recovery Act Funding to Transition to the Smart Grid Secretary Chu Presents Smart Grid Vision and Announces $144 Million in Recovery Act Funding to Transition to the Smart Grid September 21, 2009 - 3:41pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - In his keynote speech to the GridWeek 2009 Conference this morning, U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu detailed his vision for implementing the smart grid and modernizing America's electrical system: a stronger, smarter, more efficient electricity infrastructure that will encourage growth in renewable energy sources, empower consumers to reduce their energy use, and lay the foundation for sustained, long-term economic expansion. During his remarks, Secretary Chu also announced more than $144 million in

417

A National Vision of America's Transition to a Hydrogen Economy--To 2030 and Beyond  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a More Secure a More Secure and Cleaner Energy Future for America A NATIONAL VISION OF AMERICA'S TRANSITION TO A HYDROGEN ECONOMY - TO 2030 AND BEYOND Based on the results of the National Hydrogen Vision Meeting Washington, DC November 15-16, 2001 February 2002 . . United States Department of Energy A Call for Partnership This document outlines a vision for America's energy future-a more secure nation powered by clean, abundant hydrogen. This vision can be realized if the Nation works together to fully understand hydrogen's potential, to develop and deploy hydrogen technologies, and to produce and deliver hydrogen energy in an affordable, safe, and convenient manner. President Bush's National Energy Policy says, "In the long run, alternative energy technologies such as hydrogen show great promise." In response, Energy Secretary

418

Energy Department Opens First Major Competition For Vision 21 Energy Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

October 1, 1999 October 1, 1999 Energy Department Opens First Major Competition For Vision 21 Energy Plants of the Future The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has opened the competition for companies to begin designing a new type of energy facility that could change the way people think about fossil fuel power plants in the 21st century. Vision 21 Fact Sheet Download solicitation Called Vision 21, the new class of fossil fuel plants would produce electricity, chemicals, fuels or perhaps a combination of products in ways tailored to meet specific market needs. Employing the latest in emission control systems, plus potentially revolutionary breakthroughs in such technologies as gas separation membranes, fuel cell-turbine hybrids, and carbon sequestration, Vision 21 energy facilities would have virtually no environmental impact outside the

419

Bush Hydrogen Vision "Fueled" By California Station Opening | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hydrogen Vision "Fueled" By California Station Opening Hydrogen Vision "Fueled" By California Station Opening Bush Hydrogen Vision "Fueled" By California Station Opening February 18, 2005 - 10:26am Addthis CHINO, CALIF. - In a major step toward achieving President George W. Bush's vision for a hydrogen economy, Assistant Secretary of Energy David Garman today joined representatives of ChevronTexaco, Hyundai-Kia and UTC Fuel Cells at the opening of a hydrogen fueling station in Chino, CA. The station is a major part of the Department of Energy's Hydrogen "Learning Demonstration," which brings together automobile makers and energy companies to test fuel cell vehicles and hydrogen fueling systems in real-world conditions. "Hydrogen fuel cells represent one of the most encouraging, innovative

420

Mid-Level Vision and Recognition of Non-Rigid Objects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We address mid-level vision for the recognition of non-rigid objects. We align model and image using frame curves - which are object or "figure/ground" skeletons. Frame curves are computed, without discontinuities, ...

Subirana-Vilanova, J. Brian

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vision simple average" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

FlightTracker: A Novel Optical/Inertial Tracker for Cockpit Enhanced Vision  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the earliest fielded augmented reality applications was enhanced vision for pilots, in which a display projected on the pilot's visor provides geo-spatially registered information to help the pilot navigate, avoid obstacles, maintain situational ...

Eric Foxlin; Yury Altshuler; Leonid Naimark; Mike Harrington

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

9.71 Functional MRI of High-Level Vision, Fall 2004  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Covers the basics of fMRI, the strengths and limitations of fMRI compared to other techniques, and the design and analysis of fMRI experiments, focusing primarily on experiments on high-level vision. Upon completion, ...

Kanwisher, Nancy

423

On the performance evaluation of a vision-based human-robot interaction framework  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the performance evaluation of a machine vision-based human-robot interaction framework, particularly those involving human-interface studies. We describe a visual programming language called RoboChat, and a complimentary dialog engine ...

Junaed Sattar; Gregory Dudek

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

DOE Wind Vision Community - Q & A | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DOE Wind Vision Community - Q & A DOE Wind Vision Community - Q & A Home By term Q & A Question Post date Answers Total Cost Per MwH for all common large scale power generation sources 6 May 2013 - 17:52 0 If I generate 20 percent of my national electricity from wind and solar - what does it do to my GDP and Trade Balance ? 6 May 2013 - 17:46 0 What should we name the wind vision? 1 May 2013 - 11:10 0 Recent content Wind technology roadmap Total Cost Per MwH for all common large scale power generation sources If I generate 20 percent of my national electricity from wind and solar - what does it do to my GDP and Trade Balance ? What should we name the wind vision? Group members (3) Managers: Graham7781 Recent members: GrandpasKnob Jamespr 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

425

Secretary Chu Presents Smart Grid Vision and Announces $144 Million in  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Presents Smart Grid Vision and Announces $144 Million Presents Smart Grid Vision and Announces $144 Million in Recovery Act Funding to Transition to the Smart Grid Secretary Chu Presents Smart Grid Vision and Announces $144 Million in Recovery Act Funding to Transition to the Smart Grid September 21, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - In his keynote speech to the GridWeek 2009 Conference this morning, U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu detailed his vision for implementing the smart grid and modernizing America's electrical system: a stronger, smarter, more efficient electricity infrastructure that will encourage growth in renewable energy sources, empower consumers to reduce their energy use, and lay the foundation for sustained, long-term economic expansion. Secretary Chu's presentation can be found here.

426

2012 Brief: Average 2012 crude oil prices remain near 2011 levels ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Brent crude oil averaged $111.67 per barrel, slightly above the 2011 average of $111.26. West Texas Intermediate oil averaged $94.05 per barrel in 2012, ...

427

Violence detection in video using computer vision techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Whereas the action recognition community has focused mostly on detecting simple actions like clapping, walking or jogging, the detection of fights or in general aggressive behaviors has been comparatively less studied. Such capability may be extremely ... Keywords: action recognition, fight detection, video surveillance

Enrique Bermejo Nievas; Oscar Deniz Suarez; Gloria Bueno Garca; Rahul Sukthankar

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

ADVANCED HYDROGEN TRANSPORT MEMBRANES FOR VISION 21 FOSSIL FUELS PLANTS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Eltron Research Inc. and team members CoorsTek, Sued Chemie, and Argonne National Laboratory are developing an environmentally benign, inexpensive, and efficient method for separating hydrogen from gas mixtures produced during industrial processes, such as coal gasification. This project was motivated by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Vision 21 initiative, which seeks to economically eliminate environmental concerns associated with the use of fossil fuels. Currently, this project is focusing on four basic categories of dense membranes: (1) mixed conducting ceramic/ceramic composites, (2) mixed conducting ceramic/metal (cermet) composites, (3) cermets with hydrogen permeable metals, and (4) layered composites containing hydrogen permeable alloys. Ultimately, these materials must enable hydrogen separation at practical rates under ambient and high-pressure conditions, without deactivation in the presence of feedstream components such as carbon dioxide, water, and sulfur. This report presents hydrogen permeation data during long term tests and tests at high pressure in addition to progress with cermet, ceramic/ceramic, and thin film membranes.

Shane E. Roark; Anthony F. Sammells; Richard Mackay; Stewart Schesnack; Scott Morrison; Thomas A. Zirbel; Thomas F. Barton; Sara L. Rolfe; U. Balachandran; Richard N. Kleiner; James E. Stephan; Frank E. Anderson; Aaron L. Wagner; Jon P. Wagner

2003-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

429

A future vision of nuclear material information systems  

SciTech Connect

To address the current and future needs for nuclear materials management and safeguards information, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory envisions an integrated nuclear information system that will support several functions. The vision is to link distributed information systems via a common communications infrastructure designed to address the information interdependencies between two major elements: Domestic, with information about specific nuclear materials and their properties, and International, with information pertaining to foreign nuclear materials, facility design and operations. The communication infrastructure will enable data consistency, validation and reconciliation, as well as provide a common access point and user interface for a broad range of nuclear materials information. Information may be transmitted to, from, and within the system by a variety of linkage mechanisms, including the Internet. Strict access control will be employed as well as data encryption and user authentication to provide the necessary information assurance. The system can provide a mechanism not only for data storage and retrieval, but will eventually provide the analytical tools necessary to support the U.S. government's nuclear materials management needs and non-proliferation policy goals.

Suski, N; Wimple, C

1999-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

430

Artificial Vision in Extreme Environments for Snowcat Tracks Detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes the image processing techniques designed to localize the tracks of snowcats for the automation of transportation of goods and people during the Italian scientific missions in Antarctica. The final goal is to enable a snowcat to automatically follow the preceding one in a train-like fashion. A camera is used to acquire images of the scene; the image sequence is analyzed by a computer vision system which identifies the tracks and produces a high level description of the scene. This result is then forwarded to a further software module in charge of the control of the snowcat movement. A further optional representation, in which markers highlighting the tracks are superimposed onto the acquired image, is transmitted to a human supervisor located off board. This system has been tested in the Italian test site and was under testing in the South Pole during the early 2002 Italian scientific mission. The paper also briefly describes an alternative solution based on an evolutionary approach.

Alberto Broggi; Alessandra Fascioli; Associate Member; Ra Fascioli

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Advanced Hydrogen Transport Membranes for Vision 21 Fossil Fuel Plants  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Eltron Research Inc. and team members CoorsTek, Sued Chemie, Argonne National Laboratory, and NORAM are developing an environmentally benign, inexpensive, and efficient method for separating hydrogen from gas mixtures produced during industrial processes, such as coal gasification. This project was motivated by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Vision 21 initiative, which seeks to economically eliminate environmental concerns associated with the use of fossil fuels. Currently, this project is focusing on four basic categories of dense membranes: (1) mixed conducting ceramic/ceramic composites, (2) mixed conducting ceramic/metal (cermet) composites, (3) cermets with hydrogen permeable metals, and (4) layered composites containing hydrogen permeable alloys. Ultimately, these materials must enable hydrogen separation at practical rates under ambient and high-pressure conditions, without deactivation in the presence of feedstream components such as carbon dioxide, water, and sulfur. During this final quarter of the no cost extension several planar membranes of a cermet composition referred to as EC101 containing a high permeability metal and a ceramic phase were prepared and permeability testing was performed.

Carl R. Evenson; Richard N. Kleiner; James E. Stephan; Frank E. Anderson

2006-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

432

ADVANCED HYDROGEN TRANSPORT MEMBRANES FOR VISION 21 FOSSIL FUEL PLANTS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Eltron Research Inc. and team members CoorsTek, Sued Chemie, and Argonne National Laboratory are developing an environmentally benign, inexpensive, and efficient method for separating hydrogen from gas mixtures produced during industrial processes, such as coal gasification. This project was motivated by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Vision 21 initiative, which seeks to economically eliminate environmental concerns associated with the use of fossil fuels. Currently, this project is focusing on four basic categories of dense membranes: (i) mixed conducting ceramic/ceramic composites, (ii) mixed conducting ceramic/metal (cermet) composites, (iii) cermets with hydrogen permeable metals, and (iv) hydrogen permeable alloys. Ultimately, these materials must enable hydrogen separation at practical rates under ambient and high-pressure conditions, without deactivation in the presence of feedstream components such as carbon dioxide, water, and sulfur. This report describes resent results for long-term hydrogen permeation and chemical stability measurements, new mixed conducting cermets, progress in cermet, thin film, and thin-walled tube fabrication, hydrogen absorption measurements for selected compositions, and membrane facilitated alkane to olefin conversion.

Shane E. Roark; Anthony F. Sammells; Richard A. Mackay; Lyrik Y. Pitzman; Thomas A. Zirbel; Stewart Schesnack; Thomas F. Barton; Sara L. Rolfe; U. (Balu) Balachandran; Richard N. Kleiner; James E. Stephan; Frank E. Anderson; Aaron L. Wagner; Jon P. Wagner

2003-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

433

New vision solar system mission study. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The vision for the future of the planetary exploration program includes the capability to deliver {open_quotes}constellations{close_quotes} or {open_quotes}fleets{close_quotes} of microspacecraft to a planetary destination. These fleets will act in a coordinated manner to gather science data from a variety of locations on or around the target body, thus providing detailed, global coverage without requiring development of a single large, complex and costly spacecraft. Such constellations of spacecraft, coupled with advanced information processing and visualization techniques and high-rate communications, could provide the basis for development of a {open_quotes}virtual{close_quotes} {open_quotes}presence{close_quotes} in the solar system. A goal could be the near real-time delivery of planetary images and video to a wide variety of users in the general public and the science community. This will be a major step in making the solar system accessible to the public and will help make solar system exploration a part of the human experience on Earth.

Mondt, J.F.; Zubrin, R.M.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Fine grain pipeline systems for real-time motion and stereo-vision computation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Image processing systems require high computational load that motivates the design of specific hardware architectures in order to arrive at real-time platforms. We adopt innovative design techniques based on the intensive utilisation of the inherent ... Keywords: FPGAs, algorithm parallelisation, cognitive vision models, customised architectures, data flow architectures, field programmable gate arrays, fine-grain pipelining, high performance architectures, image processing, on-chip integration, optical flow, pipelined techniques, real-time motion, reconfigurable hardware, stereo vision, superscalar units

Javier Diaz; Eduardo Ros; Alberto Prieto; Francisco J. Pelayo

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Solid-State Lighting: Simple Modular LED Cost Model  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Simple Modular LED Cost Model to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Simple Modular LED Cost Model on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Simple Modular LED Cost...

436

Modeling Windows in Energy Plus with Simple Performance Indices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling Windows in Energy Plus with Simple Performanceof California. Modeling Windows in Energy Plus with SimpleE+), cannot use standard window performance indices (U,

Arasteh, Dariush

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Y scaling in a simple quark model  

SciTech Connect

A simple quark model is used to define a nuclear pair model, that is, two composite hadrons interacting only through quark interchange and bound in an overall potential. An equivalent hadron model is developed, displaying an effective hadron-hadron interaction which is strongly repulsive. We compare the effective hadron model results with the exact quark model observables in the kinematic region of large momentum transfer, small energy transfer. The nucleon response function in this y-scaling region is, within the traditional framework, sensitive to the nucleon momentum distribution at large momentum. We find a surprisingly small effect of hadron substructure. Furthermore, we find in our model that a simple parametrization of modified hadron size in the bound state, motivated by the bound quark momentum distribution, is not a useful way to correlate different observables.

Kumano, S.; Moniz, E.J.

1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Regression benchmarking with simple middleware benchmarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper introduces the concept of regression benchmarking as a variant of regression testing focused at detecting performance regressions. Applying the regression benchmarking in the area of middleware development, the paper explains how regression benchmarking differs from middleware benchmarking in general. On a real-world example of TAO, the paper shows why the existing benchmarks do not give results sufficient for regression benchmarking, and proposes techniques for detecting performance regressions using simple benchmarks. 1.

Lubomr Bulej; Tom Kalibera; Petr T?ma

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Simple Cosmological Model with Relativistic Gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct simple and useful approximation for the relativistic gas of massive particles. The equation of state is given by an elementary function and admits analytic solution of the Friedmann equation, including more complex cases when the relativistic gas of massive particles is considered together with radiation or with dominating cosmological constant. The model of relativistic gas may be interesting for the description of primordial Universe, especially as a candidate for the role of a Dark Matter.

Guilherme de Berredo-Peixoto; Ilya L. Shapiro; Flavia Sobreira

2004-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

440

APPLYING SIMPLE TECHNOLOGY ACCOMPLISHES VISUAL INSPECTION CHALLENGES  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the successful implementation of simple video technologies at the Savannah River Site (SRS) to perform complex visual inspection, monitoring, and surveillance tasks. Because SRS facilities are similar to those of an industrial plant, the environmental and accessibility considerations for remote viewing are the primary determining factors in the selection of technology. The constraints and challenges associated with remote viewing are discussed, and examples of applications are given.

Robinson, C

2007-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vision simple average" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

SLURM: Simple Linux Utility for Resource Management  

SciTech Connect

Simple Linux Utility for Resource Management (SLURM) is an open source, fault-tolerant, and highly scalable cluster management and job scheduling system for Linux clusters of thousands of nodes. Components include machine status, partition management, job management, scheduling and stream copy modules. The design also includes a scalable, general-purpose communication infrastructure. This paper presents a overview of the SLURM architecture and functionality.

Jette, M; Dunlap, C; Garlick, J; Grondona, M

2002-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

442

Quantum irreversible process in a simple model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a very simple model of a quantum system in which an irreversible process happens. The model can be used as an example of a quantum dynamical problem in introductory courses of Quantum Mechanics or as the introduction to courses on Quantum Irreversible Processes. In both cases it will help students to build some intuition on dynamical behaviour of quantum systems consisting of many degrees of freedom beyond perturbation theory and classical thermodynamics.

Wjcik, Krzysztof Piotr

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Average Square Footage of Midwest Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" 1 Average Square Footage of Midwest Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" " Final" ,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member" "Housing Characteristics","Millions","Total2","Heated","Cooled","Total2","Heated","Cooled" "Total Midwest",25.9,2272,1898,1372,912,762,551 "Midwest Divisions and States" "East North Central",17.9,2251,1869,1281,892,741,508 "Illinois",4.8,2186,1911,1451,860,752,571 "Michigan",3.8,1954,1559,962,729,582,359 "Wisconsin",2.3,2605,2091,1258,1105,887,534

444

,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Average Square Footage of West Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" 3 Average Square Footage of West Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" " Final" ,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member" "Housing Characteristics","Millions","Total2","Heated","Cooled","Total2","Heated","Cooled" "Total West",24.8,1708,1374,800,628,506,294 "West Divisions and States" "Mountain",7.9,1928,1695,1105,723,635,415 "Mountain North",3.9,2107,1858,912,776,684,336 "Colorado",1.9,2082,1832,722,896,788,311 "Idaho, Montana, Utah, Wyoming",2,2130,1883,1093,691,610,354

445

Assistive Devices and Services for the Disabled: Auditory Signage and the Accessible City for Blind or Vision-Impaired Travelers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as many severely vision disabled people (approximately 4to improve access for disabled groups has been concentratedDevices and Services for the Disabled: Auditory Signage and

Golledge, Reginald G.; Marston, James R.; Costanzo, C. Michael

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Simple variational approaches to quantum wells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss two simple variational approaches to quantum wells. The trial harmonic functions analyzed in an earlier paper give reasonable results for all well depths and are particularly suitable for deep wells. On the other hand, the exponential functions proposed here are preferable for shallow wells. We compare the shallow-well expansions for both kind of functions and show that they do not exhibit the cubic term appearing in the exact series. It is also shown that the deep-well expansion for the harmonic functions agree with the first terms of perturbation theory.

Francisco M. Fernndez

2012-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

447

Simple model for decay of superdeformed nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent theoretical investigations of the decay mechanism out of a superdeformed nuclear band have yielded qualitatively different results, depending on the relative values of the relevant decay widths. We present a simple two-level model for the dynamics of the tunneling between the superdeformed and normal-deformed bands, which treats decay and tunneling processes on an equal footing. The previous theoretical results are shown to correspond to coherent and incoherent limits of the full tunneling dynamics. Our model accounts for experimental data in both the A~150 mass region, where the tunneling dynamics is coherent, and in the A~190 mass region, where the tunneling dynamics is incoherent.

C. A. Stafford; B. R. Barrett

1999-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

448

Drift estimation from a simple field theory  

SciTech Connect

Given the outcome of a Wiener process, what can be said about the drift and diffusion coefficients? If the process is stationary, these coefficients are related to the mean and variance of the position displacements distribution. However, if either drift or diffusion are time-dependent, very little can be said unless some assumption about that dependency is made. In Bayesian statistics, this should be translated into some specific prior probability. We use Bayes rule to estimate these coefficients from a single trajectory. This defines a simple, and analytically tractable, field theory.

Mendes, F. M.; Figueiredo, A. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Brasilia, CP: 04455, 70919-970-Brasilia (Brazil)

2008-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

449

ADVANCED HYDROGEN TRANSPORT MEMBRANES FOR VISION 21 FOSSIL FUEL PLANTS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Eltron Research Inc., and team members CoorsTek, McDermott Technology, Inc., Sued Chemie, Argonne National Laboratory and Oak Ridge National Laboratory are developing an environmentally benign, inexpensive, and efficient method for separating hydrogen from gas mixtures produced during industrial processes, such as coal gasification. This project was motivated by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Vision 21 initiative which seeks to economically eliminate environmental concerns associated with the use of fossil fuels. This objective is being pursued using dense membranes based in part on Eltron-patented ceramic materials with a demonstrated ability for proton and electron conduction. The technical goals are being addressed by modifying single-phase and composite membrane composition and microstructure to maximize proton and electron conductivity without loss of material stability. Ultimately, these materials must enable hydrogen separation at practical rates under ambient and high-pressure conditions, without deactivation in the presence of feedstream components such as carbon dioxide, water, and sulfur. During this quarter, mixed proton/electron conductivity and hydrogen transport was measured as a function of metal phase content for a range of ceramic/metal (cermet) compositions. It was found that optimum performance occurred at 44 wt.% metal content for all compositions tested. Although each cermet appeared to have a continuous metal phase, it is believed that hydrogen transport increased with increasing metal content partially due to beneficial surface catalyst characteristics resulting from the metal phase. Beyond 44 wt.% there was a reduction in hydrogen transport most likely due to dilution of the proton conducting ceramic phase. Hydrogen separation rates for 1-mm thick cermet membranes were in excess of 0.1 mL/min/cm{sup 2}, which corresponded to ambipolar conductivities between 1 x 10{sup -3} and 8 x 10{sup -3} S/cm. Similar results were obtained for multiphase ceramic membranes comprised of a proton-conducting perovskite and electron conducting metal oxide. These multi-phase ceramic membranes showed only a slight improvement in hydrogen transport upon addition of a metal phase. The highest hydrogen separation rates observed this quarter were for a cermet membrane containing a hydrogen transport metal. A 1-mm thick membrane of this material achieved a hydrogen separation rate of 0.3 mL/min/cm{sup 2} at only 700 C, which increased to 0.6 mL/min/cm{sup 2} at 950 C.

Shane E. Roark; Tony F. Sammells; Richard A. Mackay; Lyrik Y. Pitzman; Alexandra Z. LaGuardia; Tom F. Barton; Sara L. Rolfe; Richard N. Kleiner; James E. Stephan; Mike J. Holmes; Aaron L. Wagner

2001-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

450

ADVANCED HYDROGEN TRANSPORT MEMBRANES FOR VISION 21 FOSSIL FUEL PLANTS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Eltron Research Inc. and team members CoorsTek, Sued Chemie, Argonne National Laboratory, and NORAM are developing an environmentally benign, inexpensive, and efficient method for separating hydrogen from gas mixtures produced during industrial processes, such as coal gasification. This project was motivated by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Vision 21 initiative, which seeks to economically eliminate environmental concerns associated with the use of fossil fuels. Over the past 12 months, this project has focused on four basic categories of dense membranes: (1) mixed conducting ceramic/ceramic composites, (2) mixed conducting ceramic/metal (cermet) composites, (3) cermets with hydrogen permeable metals, and (4) layered composites containing hydrogen permeable alloys. Ultimately, these materials must enable hydrogen separation at practical rates under ambient and high-pressure conditions, without deactivation in the presence of feedstream components such as carbon dioxide, water, and sulfur. The ceramic/ceramic composites demonstrate the lowest hydrogen permeation rates, with a maximum of approximately 0.1 mL/min/cm{sup 2} for 0.5-mm thick membranes at 800 to 950 C. Under equivalent conditions, cermets achieve a hydrogen permeation rate near 1 mL/min/cm{sup 2}, and the metal phase also improves structural stability and surface catalysis for hydrogen dissociation. Furthermore, if metals with high hydrogen permeability are used in cermets, permeation rates near 4 mL/min/cm{sup 2} are achievable with relatively thick membranes. Layered composite membranes have by far the highest permeation rates with a maximum flux in excess of 200 mL {center_dot} min{sup -1} {center_dot} cm{sup -2}. Moreover, these permeation rates were achieved at a total pressure differential across the membrane of 450 psi. Based on these results, effort during the next year will focus on this category of membranes. This report contains long-term hydrogen permeation data over eight-months of continuous operation, and permeation results as a function of operating conditions at high pressure for layered composite membranes. Additional progress with cermet and thin film membranes also is presented.

Shane E. Roark; Anthony F. Sammells; Richard Mackay; Stewart R. Schesnack; Scott R. Morrison; Thomas F. Barton; Sara L. Rolfe; U. Balachandran; Richard N. Kleiner; James E. Stephan; Frank E. Anderson; Aaron L. Wagner; Jon P. Wagner

2003-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

451

ADVANCED HYDROGEN TRANSPORT MEMBRANES FOR VISION 21 FOSSIL FUEL PLANTS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Eltron Research Inc., and team members CoorsTek, Sued Chemie, and Argonne National Laboratory are developing an environmentally benign, inexpensive, and efficient method for separating hydrogen from gas mixtures produced during industrial processes, such as coal gasification. This project was motivated by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Vision 21 initiative which seeks to economically eliminate environmental concerns associated with the use of fossil fuels. This objective is being pursued using dense membranes based in part on Eltron-patented ceramic materials with a demonstrated ability for proton and electron conduction. The technical goals are being addressed by modifying composite membrane composition and microstructure to maximize hydrogen permeation without loss of material stability. Ultimately, these materials must enable hydrogen separation at practical rates under ambient and high-pressure conditions, without deactivation in the presence of feedstream components such as carbon dioxide, water, and sulfur. During this quarter, a composite metal membrane based on an inexpensive hydrogen permeable metal achieved permeation rates in excess of 25 mL/min/cm{sup 2}. Preliminary attempts to incorporate this metal into a cermet were successful, and a thick cermet membrane (0.83 mm) with 40 vol.% metal phase achieved a permeation rate of nearly 0.4 mL/min/cm{sup 2}. Increasing the metal phase content and decreasing membrane thickness should significantly increase permeation, while maintaining the benefits derived from cermets. Two-phase ceramic/ceramic composite membranes had low hydrogen permeability, likely due to interdiffusion of constituents between the phases. However, these materials did demonstrate high resistance to corrosion, and might be good candidates for other composite membranes. Temperature-programmed reduction measurements indicated that model cermet materials absorbed 2.5 times as much hydrogen than the pure ceramic analogs. This characteristic, in addition to higher electron conductivity, likely explains the relatively high permeation for these cermets. Incorporation of catalysts with ceramics and cermets increased hydrogen uptake by 800 to more than 900%. Finally, new high-pressure seals were developed for cermet membranes that maintained a pressure differential of 250 psi. This result indicated that the approach for high-pressure seal development could be adapted for a range of compositions. Other items discussed in this report include mechanical testing, new proton conducting ceramics, supported thin films, and alkane to olefin conversion.

Shane E. Roark; Anthony F. Sammells; Richard A. Mackay; Lyrik Y. Pitzman; Thomas A. Zirbel; Stewart R. Schesnack; Thomas F. Barton; Sara L. Rolfe; U. (Balu) Balachandran; Richard N. Kleiner; James E. Stephan; Frank E. Anderson; Aaron L. Wagner; Jon P. Wagner

2003-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

452

Development of Foster Wheeler's Vision 21 Partial Gasification Module  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy (DOE) has awarded Foster Wheeler Development Corporation a contract to develop a partial gasification module (PGM) that represents a critical element of several potential coal-fired Vision 21 plants. When utilized for electrical power generation, these plants will operate with efficiencies greater than 60% while producing near zero emissions of traditional stack gas pollutants. The new process partially gasifies coal at elevated pressure producing a coal derived syngas and a char residue. The syngas can be used to fuel the most advanced power producing equipment such as solid oxide fuel cells or gas turbines or processed to produce clean liquid fuels or chemicals for industrial users. The char residue is not wasted; it can also be used to generate electricity by fueling boilers that drive the most advanced ultra-supercritical pressure steam turbines. The unique aspect of the process is that it utilizes a pressurized circulating fluidized bed partial gasifier and does not attempt to consume the coal in a single step. To convert all the coal to syngas in a single step requires extremely high temperatures ({approx} 2500 to 2800F) that melt and vaporize the coal and essentially drive all coal ash contaminants into the syngas. Since these contaminants can be corrosive to power generating equipment, the syngas must be cooled to near room temperature to enable a series of chemical processes to clean the syngas. Foster Wheeler's process operates at much lower temperatures that control/minimize the release of contaminants; this eliminates/minimizes the need for the expensive, complicated syngas heat exchangers and chemical cleanup systems typical of high temperature gasification. By performing the gasification in a circulating bed, a significant amount of syngas can still be produced despite the reduced temperature and the circulating bed allows easy scale up to large size plants. Rather than air, it can also operate with oxygen to facilitate sequestration of stack gas carbon dioxide gases for a 100% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. The amount of syngas and char produced by the PGM can be tailored to fit the production objectives of the overall plant, i.e., power generation, clean liquid fuel production, chemicals production, etc. Hence, PGM is a robust building block that offers all the advantages of coal gasification but in a more user friendly form; it is also fuel flexible in that it can use alternative fuels such as biomass, sewerage sludge, etc. This paper describes the test program and pilot plant that will be used to develop the PGM.

Robertson, A.

2001-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

453

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #615: March 22, 2010 Average Vehicle Trip  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5: March 22, 5: March 22, 2010 Average Vehicle Trip Length to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #615: March 22, 2010 Average Vehicle Trip Length on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #615: March 22, 2010 Average Vehicle Trip Length on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #615: March 22, 2010 Average Vehicle Trip Length on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #615: March 22, 2010 Average Vehicle Trip Length on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #615: March 22, 2010 Average Vehicle Trip Length on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #615: March 22, 2010 Average Vehicle Trip Length on AddThis.com... Fact #615: March 22, 2010 Average Vehicle Trip Length According to the latest National Household Travel Survey, the average trip

454

Oak Ridge Office of Environmental Management Pursues Vision of Future While  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office of Environmental Management Pursues Vision of Office of Environmental Management Pursues Vision of Future While Remembering Past Oak Ridge Office of Environmental Management Pursues Vision of Future While Remembering Past December 27, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Demolition of K-25, DOE’s largest-ever demolition project, is ongoing. Demolition of K-25, DOE's largest-ever demolition project, is ongoing. This graphic shows the status of activities at the East Tennessee Technology Park as of this month. Various colors note sites where facilities have been demolished, demolition is under way, or structures are ready or being prepared for demolition. It also identifies buildings that will remain there. This graphic shows the status of activities at the East Tennessee Technology Park as of this month. Various colors note sites where

455

Structure from motion using omni-directional vision and certainty grids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes a method to create local maps from an omni-directional vision system (ODVS) mounted on a mobile robot. Range finding is performed by a structure-from-motion method, which recovers the three-dimensional position of objects in the environment from omni-directional images. This leads to map-making, which is accomplished using certainty grids to fuse information from multiple readings into a two-dimensional world model. The system is demonstrated both on noise-free data from a custom-built simulator and on real data from an omni-directional vision system on-board a mobile robot. Finally, to account for the particular error characteristics of a real omni-directional vision sensor, a new sensor model for the certainty grid framework is also created and compared to the traditional sonar sensor model.

Ortiz, Steven Rey

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

ICSU Earth System Visioning Open Forum, Paris, France 22 June 2010  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ICSU Earth System Visioning Open Forum, Paris, France 22 June 2010 Print E-mail ICSU Earth System Visioning Open Forum, Paris, France 22 June 2010 Print E-mail On 22 June, 2010, the International Council for Science (ICSU), in cooperation with the International Social Science Council (ISSC), will host in Paris an Open Forum to explore institutional frameworks that could effectively and successfully support the research and delivery of the Grand Challenges in global sustainability research. This Open Forum is intended to provide a platform to facilitate exchange of information and perspectives. ICSU cordially invite all stakeholders and interested parties to attend and contribute their insights. Please register early at www.icsu-visioning.org/open-forum-regis, so that we can confirm your registration. Only those who have received confirmation of their registration and bring photo ID (e.g., passport) will be allowed to enter UNESCO, where the meeting is being held.

457

Current reservoirs in the simple exclusion process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the symmetric simple exclusion process in the interval $[-N,N]$ with additional birth and death processes respectively on $(N-K,N]$, $K>0$, and $[-N,-N+K)$. The exclusion is speeded up by a factor $N^2$, births and deaths by a factor $N$. Assuming propagation of chaos (a property proved in a companion paper "Truncated correlations in the stirring process with births and deaths") we prove convergence in the limit $N\\to \\infty$ to the linear heat equation with Dirichlet condition on the boundaries; the boundary conditions however are not known a priori, they are obtained by solving a non linear equation. The model simulates mass transport with current reservoirs at the boundaries and the Fourier law is proved to hold.

Anna De Masi; Errico Presutti; Dimitrios Tsagkarogiannis; Maria Eulalia Vares

2011-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

458

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #265: April 28, 2003 State Average Fuel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5: April 28, 5: April 28, 2003 State Average Fuel Prices to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #265: April 28, 2003 State Average Fuel Prices on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #265: April 28, 2003 State Average Fuel Prices on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #265: April 28, 2003 State Average Fuel Prices on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #265: April 28, 2003 State Average Fuel Prices on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #265: April 28, 2003 State Average Fuel Prices on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #265: April 28, 2003 State Average Fuel Prices on AddThis.com... Fact #265: April 28, 2003 State Average Fuel Prices The American Automobile Association tracks gasoline and diesel prices

459

Calibrating Multimodel Forecast Ensembles with Exchangeable and Missing Members Using Bayesian Model Averaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bayesian model averaging (BMA) is a statistical postprocessing technique that generates calibrated and sharp predictive probability density functions (PDFs) from forecast ensembles. It represents the predictive PDF as a weighted average of PDFs ...

Chris Fraley; Adrian E. Raftery; Tilmann Gneiting

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose this week The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose slightly to 3.90 a gallon on Monday. That's...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vision simple average" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

What is the average heat content of U.S. coal? - FAQ - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

What is the average heat content of U.S. coal? In 2012, the average heat content of coal produced in the United States was about 20.14 million ...

462

KOLMOGOROV THEORY VIA FINITE-TIME AVERAGES C. FOIAS1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

]) or through a mathematically esoteric notion of generalized limit (see e.g. [2, 17]). In any Date: October 3-time averages without resorting to any esoteric relation with ensemble av- erages. Finite-time averages have

Rosa, Ricardo M. S.

463

From Short-Scale Atmospheric Variability to Global Climate Dynamics: Toward a Systematic Theory of Averaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traditionally, climate is defined by the properties of the averages of the meteorological fields over an appropriate time interval. In this paper the properties of the time-averaged observables of a red noise atmosphere and of a simplified model ...

C. Nicolis; G. Nicolis

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

2012 Brief: Average 2012 crude oil prices remain near 2011 levels ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average crude oil prices in 2012 were at historically high levels for the second year in a row. Brent crude oil averaged $111.67 per barrel, slightly above the 2011 ...

465

Leffler's Method of Estimating Average Temperatures of Appalachian Summits: Evaluation in New York  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

R. J. Leffler recently presented regression equations to estimate average monthly temperatures of Appalachian summits based on the long-term average temperatures on Mt. Washington, New Hampshire, and temperature lapse rates as a function of ...

Thomas W. Schmidlin

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Average Predictability Time. Part II: Seamless Diagnoses of Predictability on Multiple Time Scales  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a new method for diagnosing predictability on multiple time scales without time averaging. The method finds components that maximize the average predictability time (APT) of a system, where APT is defined as the integral of ...

Timothy DelSole; Michael K. Tippett

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

What was the highest U.S. average retail price of regular ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

What was the highest U.S. average retail price of regular gasoline? According to EIAs weekly survey, the U.S. average retail price of regular ...

468

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #671: April 18, 2011 Average Truck Speeds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1: April 18, 1: April 18, 2011 Average Truck Speeds to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #671: April 18, 2011 Average Truck Speeds on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #671: April 18, 2011 Average Truck Speeds on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #671: April 18, 2011 Average Truck Speeds on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #671: April 18, 2011 Average Truck Speeds on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #671: April 18, 2011 Average Truck Speeds on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #671: April 18, 2011 Average Truck Speeds on AddThis.com... Fact #671: April 18, 2011 Average Truck Speeds The Federal Highway Administration studies traffic volume and flow on major

469

Smart Interpolation of Annually Averaged Air Temperature in the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two smart interpolation procedures are presented and assessed with respect to their ability to estimate annual-average air temperatures at unsampled points in space from available station averages. Smart approaches examined here improve upon ...

Cort J. Willmott; Kenji Matsuura

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Angular dependence of a simple accident dosimeter  

SciTech Connect

A simple dosimeter made of a sulfur tablet, bare and cadmium covered indium foils and a cadmium covered copper foil has been modeled using MCNP5. Studies of the model without phantom or other confounding factors have shown that the cross sections and fluence-to-dose factors generated by the Monte Carlo method agree with those generated by analytic expressions for the high energy component. The threshold cross sections for the detectors on a phantom were calculated. The resulting doses assigned agree well with exposures made to three critical assemblies. In this study the angular dependence on a phantom is studied and compared with measurements taken on the GODIVA reactor. The dosimeter positions on the phantom are facing the source, on the back and the side. In previous papers the modeling of a simple dosimeter made of a sulfur tablet, bare and cadmium covered indium foils and a cadmium covered copper foil has been modeled using MCNP5. The conclusion made was that most of the neutron dose from criticality assemblies results from the high energy neutron fluences determined by the sulfur and indium detectors. The results using doses measured from the GODIVA, SHEBA, and bare and lead shielded SILENE reactors confirmed this. The angular dependence of an accident dosemeter is of interest in evaluating the exposure of personnel. To investigate this effect accident dosemeters were placed on a phantom and exposed to the GODIVA reactor at phantom orientations of 0{sup o}, 45{sup o}, 90{sup o}, 135{sup o}, and 180{sup o} to the assembly center line.

Devine, R. T. (Robert T.); Romero, L. L. (Leonard L.); Olsher, R. H. (Richard H.)

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Visioning the 21st Century Electricity Industry: Outcomes and Strategies for America  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lauren Azar Lauren Azar Senior Advisor to the Secretary U. S. Department of Energy 8 February 2012 Visioning the 21 st Century Electricity Industry: Strategies and Outcomes for America http://teeic.anl.gov/er/transmission/restech/dist/index.cfm We all have "visions," in one form or another: * Corporations call them strategic plans * RTOs ... transmission expansion plans or Order 1000 plans * State PUCs ... integrated resource plans * Employees ... career goals Artist: Paolo Frattesi Artist: Paolo Frattesi DOE asks your help... Our Future? 1. Enable a seamless, cost-effective electricity

472

Vision to reality: From Robert R. Wilson's frontier to Leon M. Lederman's Fermilab  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines the roles of vision and leadership in creating and directing Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory from the late 1960s through the 1980s. The story divides into two administrations having different problems and accomplishments, that of Robert R. Wilson (1967-1978), which saw the transformation from cornfield to frontier physics facility, and that of Leon Max Lederman (1979-1989), in which the laboratory evolved into one of the world's major high-energy facilities. Lederman's pragmatic vision of a user-based experimental community helped him to convert the pioneering facility that Wilson had built frugally into a laboratory with a stable scientific, cultural, and funding environment.

Hoddeson, Lillian H; 10.1007/s000160300003

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Table US14. Average Consumption by Energy End Uses, 2005 Million ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

a climate zone according to the 30-year average annual degree-days for an appropriate nearby weather station.

474

On the Average Value of Correlated Time Series, with Applications in Dendroclimatology and Hydrometeorology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a number of areas of applied climatology, time series are either averaged to enhance a common underlying signal or combined to produce area averages. How well, then, does the average of a finite number (N) of time series represent the ...

T. M. L. Wigley; K. R. Briffa; P. D. Jones

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Real-time estimation of olive oil quality parameters: a combined approach based on ANNs and machine vision  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present work describes a combined approach based on Artificial Neural Networks and Machine Vision for the real-time estimation of some qualitative olive oil parameters. The proposed methodology proves to be a useful tool for the real-time estimation ... Keywords: ANNs, acidity, machine vision, olive oil, peroxides, ripeness, sanitation condition

Monica Carfagni; Marco Daou; Rocco Furferi

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Magnesium: Resources and Links  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Plant Assessments Plant Assessments Greenhouse Gas Protocol (PDF 190 KB) Download Acrobat Reader Paper written by Bill Palmer, Cheminfo Services, Inc. Molten magnesium and its alloys are volatile substances that have a tendency to oxidize explosively in air and require surface protection in casting processes. Save Energy Now Assessments The Save Energy Now assessments program is one way for plants of all sizes to work with the DOE Industrial Technologies Program (ITP). Large plants are eligible to apply for a system level assessment on their steam, process heating, compressed air, fans, or pumping systems. Assessments are conducted over a three day site visit by teams of DOE Energy Experts and plant personnel. The plant personnel are trained to identify energy savings opportunities using the DOE software tools. Most plants find an average of

477

Classification of linearly compact simple Jordan and generalized Poisson superalgebras  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We classify all linearly compact simple Jordan superalgebras over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero. As a corollary, we deduce the classification of all linearly compact unital simple generalized Poisson superalgebras.

Nicoletta Cantarini; Victor G. Kac; To Ernest; Borisovich Vinberg

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 Average Square Footage of Mobile Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" 6 Average Square Footage of Mobile Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" " Final" ,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member" "Housing Characteristics","Millions","Total2","Heated","Cooled","Total2","Heated","Cooled" "Total Mobile Homes",6.9,1087,985,746,413,375,283 "Census Region" "Northeast",0.5,1030,968,711,524,492,362 "Midwest",1.1,1090,1069,595,400,392,218 "South",3.9,1128,1008,894,423,378,335 "West",1.4,995,867,466,369,322,173 "Urban and Rural3" "Urban",3.5,1002,919,684,396,364,271

479

,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Average Square Footage of South Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" 2 Average Square Footage of South Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" " Final" ,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member" "Housing Characteristics","Millions","Total2","Heated","Cooled","Total2","Heated","Cooled" "Total South",42.1,1867,1637,1549,732,642,607 "South Divisions and States" "South Atlantic",22.2,1944,1687,1596,771,668,633 "Virginia",3,2227,1977,1802,855,759,692 "Georgia",3.5,2304,1983,1906,855,736,707 "Florida",7,1668,1432,1509,690,593,625 "DC, DE, MD, WV",3.4,2218,1831,1440,864,713,561

480

,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 Average Square Footage of Single-Family Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" 4 Average Square Footage of Single-Family Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" " Final" ,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member" "Housing Characteristics","Millions","Total2","Heated","Cooled","Total2","Heated","Cooled" "Total Single-Family",78.6,2422,2002,1522,880,727,553 "Census Region" "Northeast",12.7,2843,2150,1237,1009,763,439 "Midwest",19.2,2721,2249,1664,1019,842,624 "South",29.7,2232,1945,1843,828,722,684 "West",16.9,2100,1712,1009,725,591,348 "Urban and Rural3"

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481

,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 Average Square Footage of Northeast Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" 0 Average Square Footage of Northeast Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" " Final" ,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member" "Housing Characteristics","Millions","Total2","Heated","Cooled","Total2","Heated","Cooled" "Total Northeast",20.8,2121,1663,921,836,656,363 "Northeast Divisions and States" "New England",5.5,2232,1680,625,903,680,253 "Massachusetts",2.5,2076,1556,676,850,637,277 "CT, ME, NH, RI, VT",3,2360,1781,583,946,714,234 "Mid-Atlantic",15.3,2080,1657,1028,813,647,402

482

,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 Average Square Footage of Multi-Family Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" 5 Average Square Footage of Multi-Family Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" " Final" ,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member" "Housing Characteristics","Millions","Total2","Heated","Cooled","Total2","Heated","Cooled" "Total Multi-Family",28.1,930,807,535,453,393,261 "Census Region" "Northeast",7.6,991,897,408,471,426,194 "Midwest",5.6,957,857,518,521,466,282 "South",8.4,924,846,819,462,423,410 "West",6.5,843,606,329,374,269,146 "Urban and Rural3" "Urban",26.9,927,803,531,450,390,258

483

,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9 Average Square Footage of U.S. Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" 9 Average Square Footage of U.S. Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" " Final" ,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member" "Housing Characteristics","Millions","Total2","Heated","Cooled","Total2","Heated","Cooled" "Total",113.6,1971,1644,1230,766,639,478 "Census Region" "Northeast",20.8,2121,1663,921,836,656,363 "Midwest",25.9,2272,1898,1372,912,762,551 "South",42.1,1867,1637,1549,732,642,607 "West",24.8,1708,1374,800,628,506,294 "Urban and Rural3" "Urban",88.1,1857,1546,1148,728,607,450

484

A simple methodology for observing fracture process of nano ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple methodology for observing mechanical properties of nanocomposite Part 1: interfacial properties in an Epoxy Clay Nanocomposites. ...

485

Hot Electron Photovoltaics Using Low Cost Materials and Simple ...  

Hot Electron Photovoltaics Using Low Cost Materials and Simple Cell Design Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Contact LBL About This Technology

486

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #622: May 10, 2010 Average Length of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2: May 10, 2010 2: May 10, 2010 Average Length of Light Vehicle Ownership to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #622: May 10, 2010 Average Length of Light Vehicle Ownership on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #622: May 10, 2010 Average Length of Light Vehicle Ownership on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #622: May 10, 2010 Average Length of Light Vehicle Ownership on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #622: May 10, 2010 Average Length of Light Vehicle Ownership on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #622: May 10, 2010 Average Length of Light Vehicle Ownership on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #622: May 10, 2010 Average Length of Light Vehicle Ownership on AddThis.com...

487

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #520: May 26, 2008 Average Price of a New  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0: May 26, 2008 0: May 26, 2008 Average Price of a New Car, 1970-2006 to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #520: May 26, 2008 Average Price of a New Car, 1970-2006 on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #520: May 26, 2008 Average Price of a New Car, 1970-2006 on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #520: May 26, 2008 Average Price of a New Car, 1970-2006 on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #520: May 26, 2008 Average Price of a New Car, 1970-2006 on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #520: May 26, 2008 Average Price of a New Car, 1970-2006 on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #520: May 26, 2008 Average Price of a New Car, 1970-2006 on AddThis.com... Fact #520: May 26, 2008

488

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #219: June 3, 2002 Average Price of a New  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9: June 3, 2002 9: June 3, 2002 Average Price of a New Car: 1970-2001 to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #219: June 3, 2002 Average Price of a New Car: 1970-2001 on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #219: June 3, 2002 Average Price of a New Car: 1970-2001 on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #219: June 3, 2002 Average Price of a New Car: 1970-2001 on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #219: June 3, 2002 Average Price of a New Car: 1970-2001 on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #219: June 3, 2002 Average Price of a New Car: 1970-2001 on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #219: June 3, 2002 Average Price of a New Car: 1970-2001 on AddThis.com... Fact #219: June 3, 2002

489

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #312: March 22, 2004 State Average Fuel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2: March 22, 2: March 22, 2004 State Average Fuel Prices, 2003 vs. 2004 to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #312: March 22, 2004 State Average Fuel Prices, 2003 vs. 2004 on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #312: March 22, 2004 State Average Fuel Prices, 2003 vs. 2004 on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #312: March 22, 2004 State Average Fuel Prices, 2003 vs. 2004 on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #312: March 22, 2004 State Average Fuel Prices, 2003 vs. 2004 on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #312: March 22, 2004 State Average Fuel Prices, 2003 vs. 2004 on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #312: March 22, 2004 State Average Fuel Prices, 2003 vs. 2004 on AddThis.com...

490

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #728: May 21, 2012 Average Trip Length is  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8: May 21, 2012 8: May 21, 2012 Average Trip Length is Less Than Ten Miles to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #728: May 21, 2012 Average Trip Length is Less Than Ten Miles on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #728: May 21, 2012 Average Trip Length is Less Than Ten Miles on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #728: May 21, 2012 Average Trip Length is Less Than Ten Miles on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #728: May 21, 2012 Average Trip Length is Less Than Ten Miles on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #728: May 21, 2012 Average Trip Length is Less Than Ten Miles on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #728: May 21, 2012 Average Trip Length is Less Than Ten Miles on AddThis.com...

491

Terminal phase vision-based target recognition and 3d pose estimation for a tail-sitter, vertical takeoff and landing unmanned air vehicle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an approach to accurately identify landing targets and obtain 3D pose estimates for vertical takeoff and landing unmanned air vehicles via computer vision methods. The objective of this paper is to detect and recognize a pre-known ... Keywords: computer vision, moment invariants, parallel lines, perspective transformation and vision-based autonomous landing, tail-sitter vertical takeoff and landing unmanned air vehicle, target identification/detection, vanishing points, vision-based pose/attitude estimation

Allen C. Tsai; Peter W. Gibbens; R. Hugh Stone

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

THE SIMPLE ECONOMICS OF COMMODITY PRICE SPECULATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The price of crude oil in the U.S. never exceeded $40 per barrel until mid-2004. By 2006 it reached $70, and in July 2008 it peaked at $145. By late 2008 it had plummeted to about $30 before increasing to $110 in 2011. Are speculators at least partly to blame for these sharp price changes? We clarify the effects of speculators on commodity prices. We focus on crude oil, but our approach can be applied to other commodities. We explain the meaning of oil price speculation, how it can occur, and how it relates to investments in oil reserves, inventories, or derivatives (such as futures contracts). Turning to the data, we calculate counterfactual prices that would have occurred from 1999 to 2012 in the absence of speculation. Our framework is based on a simple and transparent model of supply and demand in the cash and storage markets for a commodity. It lets us determine whether speculation is consistent with data on production, consumption, inventory changes, and convenience yields given reasonable elasticity assumptions. We show speculation had little, if any, effect on prices and volatility.

Christopher R. Knittel; Robert S. Pindyck

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Simple Low-Frequency Beam Pickup  

SciTech Connect

Detection of the field induced by a beam outside of the beam pipe can be used as a beam diagnostic. Wires placed in longitudinal slots in the outside wall of the beam pipe can be used as a beam pickup. This has a very small beam-coupling impedance and avoids complications of having a feedthrough. The signal can be reasonably high at low frequencies. We present a field waveform at the outer side of a beam pipe, obtained as a result of calculations and measurements. We calculate the beam-coupling impedance due to a long longitudinal slot in the resistive wall and the signal induced in a wire placed in such a slot and shielded by a thin screen from the beam. These results should be relevant for impedance calculations of the slot in an antechamber and for slots in the PEP-II distributed ion pump screens. The design of the low-frequency beam position monitor is very simple. It can be used in storage rings, synchrotron light sources, and free electron lasers, like LINAC coherent light source.

Novokhatski, A.; Heifets, S.; /SLAC; Aleksandrov, A.; /Oak Ridge

2011-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

494

Simple Waves in Ideal Radiation Hydrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the dynamic diffusion limit of radiation hydrodynamics, advection dominates diffusion; the latter primarily affects small scales and has negligible impact on the large scale flow. The radiation can thus be accurately regarded as an ideal fluid, i.e., radiative diffusion can be neglected along with other forms of dissipation. This viewpoint is applied here to an analysis of simple waves in an ideal radiating fluid. It is shown that much of the hydrodynamic analysis carries over by simply replacing the material sound speed, pressure and index with the values appropriate for a radiating fluid. A complete analysis is performed for a centered rarefaction wave, and expressions are provided for the Riemann invariants and characteristic curves of the one-dimensional system of equations. The analytical solution is checked for consistency against a finite difference numerical integration, and the validity of neglecting the diffusion operator is demonstrated. An interesting physical result is that for a material component with a large number of internal degrees of freedom and an internal energy greater than that of the radiation, the sound speed increases as the fluid is rarefied. These solutions are an excellent test for radiation hydrodynamic codes operating in the dynamic diffusion regime. The general approach may be useful in the development of Godunov numerical schemes for radiation hydrodynamics.

Bryan M. Johnson

2008-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

495

A Simple Explanation for Taxon Abundance Patterns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For taxonomic levels higher than species, the abundance distributions of number of subtaxa per taxon tend to approximate power laws, but often show strong deviationns from such a law. Previously, these deviations were attributed to finite-time effects in a continuous time branching process at the generic level. Instead, we describe here a simple discrete branching process which generates the observed distributions and find that the distribution's deviation from power-law form is not caused by disequilibration, but rather that it is time-independent and determined by the evolutionary properties of the taxa of interest. Our model predicts-with no free parameters-the rank-frequency distribution of number of families in fossil marine animal orders obtained from the fossil record. We find that near power-law distributions are statistically almost inevitable for taxa higher than species. The branching model also sheds light on species abundance patterns, as well as on links between evolutionary processes, self-orga...

Chu, J; Chu, Johan; Adami, Christoph

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Design of a vision-based sensor for autonomous pig house cleaning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current pig house cleaning procedures are hazardous to the health of farm workers, and yet necessary if the spread of disease between batches of animals is to be satisfactorily controlled. Autonomous cleaning using robot technology offers salient benefits. ... Keywords: Bayesian discriminant analysis, Jeffreys-Matusita, computer vision, robotic cleaning, spectral characterisation

Ian Braithwaite; Mogens Blanke; Guo-Qiang Zhang; Jens Michael Carstensen

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

NETL: News Release - DOE Selects First Vision 21 Projects to Design the  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

March 7, 2000 March 7, 2000 DOE Selects First Vision 21 Projects to Design the Energy Plant of the Future The pollution-free energy plant of the future is beginning to take shape with the Department of Energy's selection this week of the first industry-led design and engineering projects for the futuristic concept's core technologies. The projects are part of the department's Vision 21 program, an effort to develop a revolutionary new energy system that could be commercially ready by the year 2015."The projects we are announcing today will begin carrying the energy industry beyond the traditional concept of a power plant," said Energy Secretary Bill Richardson. "Vision 21 is intended to break the mold of today's conventional 'one fuel-one product' thinking."Rather than producing a single product from a single fuel -- for example, electricity from coal -- Vision 21 plants would be capable of processing a wide range of fuels such as coal, natural gas, biomass or municipal wastes, and generating multiple forms of energy such as electricity, transportation fuels and chemicals. The energy plants would produce virtually no emissions.

498

Vision Research 41 (2001) 26012606 Detecting changes of spatial cone-excitation ratios in dichoptic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

& Brenner, 1995; Ru¨ttiger, Braun, Gegenfurtner, Petersen, Scho¨nle, & Sharpe, 1999; Walsh, 1999; Moutoussis- furtner, Petersen, Scho¨nle, & Sharpe, 1999; Moutoussis & Zeki, 2000; Shevell & Wei, 2000). For example. (1997). Four issues concerning colour constancy and relational colour constancy. Vision Re- search, 37

Foster, David H.

499

Thickness measurement and crease detection of wheat grains using stereo vision  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wheat grain quality assessment is important in meeting market requirements. The thickness of grains can be used for the measurement of the mass proportion of grains that pass through a sieve. This measure is known as ''screenings''. The determination ... Keywords: Grain crease detection, Grain thickness measurement, Stereo vision

Changming Sun; Mark Berman; David Coward; Brian Osborne

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

USING WEIGHTED SUM METHOD FOR THE CHOICE OF THE NIGHT VISION GOGGLES BATTERY POWER SUPPLY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

USING WEIGHTED SUM METHOD FOR THE CHOICE OF THE NIGHT VISION GOGGLES BATTERY POWER SUPPLY Daniela into account device working range, weight and price and also electrical battery power supply lifetime, temperature working range and its mechanics. The multicriteria optimization choice of the electrical battery

Borissova, Daniela