Energy Department Announces Funding to Provide Better Visibility...
Provide Better Visibility into the Health of the Nation's Electric Grid Energy Department Announces Funding to Provide Better Visibility into the Health of the Nation's Electric...
Fiber optic interferometry: Statistics of visibility and closure phase
E. Tatulli; A. Chelli
2005-08-19T23:59:59.000Z
Interferometric observations with three telescopes or more provide two observables: closure phase information together with visibilities measurements. When using single-mode interferometers, both observables have to be redefined in the light of the coupling phenomenon betwe en the incoming wavefront and the fiber. We introduce in this paper the estimator of both so-called modal visibility and modal closure phase. Then, we compute the statistics of the two observables in presence of partial correction by Adaptive Optics. From this theoretical analysis, data reduction process using classical least square minimization is investigated. In the framework of the AMBER instrument, the three beams recombiner of the VLTI, we simulate the observation of a single Gaussian source and we study the performances of the interferometer in terms of diameter measurements. We show that the observation is optimized, i.e. that the Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) of the diameter is maximal, when the full width half maximum (FWHM) of the source is roughly 1/2 of the mean resolution of the interferometer. We finally point out that in the case of an observation with 3 telescopes, neglecting the correlation between the measurements leads to overestimate the SNR by a factor of $\\sqrt{2}$. We infer that in any cases, this value is an upper limit.
Key China Energy Statistics 2011
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Source: National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), China EnergyNations Commodity Trade Statistics Database. New York:National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of
Introduction Dust aerosols affect visibility, perturb the radiative energy balance
Wang, Jun
Sunphotometer and air temperature from ground observations. Model Flow Chart GOES-8 06/28/00 1145 UTC -90 -80Introduction Dust aerosols affect visibility, perturb the radiative energy balance of the earth
Visible Light Solar Technologies | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP a g eWorksVillage of Brewster, Ohio (Utility Company) JumpVipiemme Solar SRL JumpTechformVisible Light
The Visible Universe at the Light of Modern Statistical Physics
L. Pietronero; F. Sylos Labini; M. Montuori
1997-07-07T23:59:59.000Z
In the last years there has been a growing interest in the understanding a vast variety of scale invariant and critical phenomena occurring in nature. Experiments and observations indeed suggest that many physical systems develop spontaneously correlations with power law behaviour both in space and time. Pattern formation, aggregation phenomena, biological systems, geological systems, disordered materials, clustering of matter in the universe are just some of the fields in which scale invariance has been observed as a common and basic feature. However, the fact that certain structures exhibit fractal and complex properties does not tell us why this happens. A crucial point to understand is therefore the origin of the general scale-invariance of natural phenomena. This would correspond to the understanding of the origin of fractal structures and of the properties of Self- Organized Criticality (SOC) from the knowledge of the microscopic physical processes at the basis of these phenomena. Fractal geometry can play a crucial role in extracting the correct physical properties from experimental data. In particular, the recent availability of complete three dimensional samples of galaxies and clusters permits a direct study of their spatial properties. We present a brief review of galaxy correlations based on the methods of modern Statistical Physics. These methods are able to identify self-similar and non-analytical properties, and allow us to test the usual homogeneity assumption of luminous matter distribution. The new analysis shows that all the available data are consistent with each other and show fractal correlations (with dimension $D \\simeq 2$) up to the deepest scales probed until now ($1000 \\hmp$)
Accuracy and reliability of China's energy statistics
Sinton, Jonathan E.
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
the primary energy production and consumption statistics areProduction Hydroelectricity Primary Consumption J.E.Sinton, China’s Energy StatisticsStatistics Mtce Primary Consumption Coal Primary Consumption Total Energy Primary Production
International Energy Statistics
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318 706Production% of41.1Diesel prices increaseshort version) TheHowNetRegional energy
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article)41clothThe Bonneville PowerTariff Pages default SignEnergy4 3.4 Myriam PerezCapsulesFebruary 25, 1998JuneOctoberJuly 2003
International Energy Statistics - EIA
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318 706 802 1979-2013 Adjustments 32 35 -4 8Data Tools & ModelsInternational
International Energy Statistics
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318 706Production% of41.1Diesel prices increaseshort version) TheHowNetRegional
Key China Energy Statistics 2012
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Nations Commodity Trade Statistics Database. New York:National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic ofYearbook. Beijing: China Statistics Press. 2. Transformation
Accuracy and reliability of China's energy statistics
Sinton, Jonathan E.
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
China’s Energy Statistics Mtce Primary Consumption Coal Primary Consumption Total Energy Primary Production Primary Production Natural Gas Oil Primary Consumption
Understanding Manufacturing Energy Use Through Statistical Analysis
Kissock, J. K.; Seryak, J.
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Energy in manufacturing facilities is used for direct production of goods, space conditioning, and general facility support such as lighting. This paper presents a methodology for statistically analyzing plant energy use in terms of these major end...
Key China Energy Statistics 2011
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
2 Emissions per Total Primary Energy Supply (2008) tonne COStock Changes Total Primary Energy Supply Transfer The eastlarge consumers. Total primary energy supply equals to the
Key China Energy Statistics 2012
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
2 Emissions per Total Primary Energy Supply (2009) tonnes COStock Changes Total Primary Energy Supply Transfer The eastlarge consumers. Total primary energy supply equals to the
Key China Energy Statistics 2012
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Total Energy Chinese Vessels Refueling Abroad Export ForeignOther Energy Chinese Vessels Refueling Abroad Export Foreignof Energy Import Chinese Vessels Refueling Abroad Export
Key China Energy Statistics 2011
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of Energy Import Chinese Vessels Refueling Abroad Exportof Energy Import Chinese Vessels Refueling Abroad Exportof Energy Import Chinese Vessels Refueling Abroad Export
Key China Energy Statistics 2011
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
sequestered carbon in non-energy use petroleum products suchTotal Primary Energy Supply Liquid Petroleum Gas RefineryPrimary Energy Supply Refinery Gas Petroleum Other Products
Key China Energy Statistics 2012
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
sequestered carbon in non-energy use petroleum products suchd) Mtce Liquid Petroleum Gas Total Primary Energy SupplyQuantity Liquid Petroleum Gas Total Primary Energy Supply
Key China Energy Statistics 2012
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
per Total Primary Energy Supply (2009) tonnes CO 2 /tceChanges Total Primary Energy Supply Transfer The east regionconsumers. Total primary energy supply equals to the total
Key China Energy Statistics 2012
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of China's Total Primary Energy Production by Source (1950-AAGR EJ Primary Energy Production (Mtce) Coal Oil NaturalRenewables Total Primary Energy Production by Source Shares*
Key China Energy Statistics 2011
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Growth of China's Total Primary Energy Production (TPE) byFuel (Mtce) Primary Energy Production (Mtce) AAGR Coal Rawof China's Total Primary Energy Production (Mtce) AAGR Total
Key China Energy Statistics 2011
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Total Primary Energy Supply Transfer The east region ofTotal Final Energy Consumption by Regional Shares East SouthEnergy Consumption by Region (1995-2009) AAGR Mtce East
Key China Energy Statistics 2012
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Total Primary Energy Supply Transfer The east region ofTotal Final Energy Consumption by Region Mtce East SouthTotal Final Energy Consumption by Regional Shares East South
Key China Energy Statistics 2011
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
per Total Primary Energy Supply (2008) tonne CO 2 /tce tonneChanges Total Primary Energy Supply Transfer The east regionconsumers. Total primary energy supply equals to the total
Key China Energy Statistics 2011
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
electricity produced by a nuclear power plant. Hydro showsIndigenous Production - Nuclear Power Recovery of EnergyIndigenous Production - Nuclear Power Recovery of Energy
Key China Energy Statistics 2012
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
electricity produced by a nuclear power plant. Hydro showsIndigenous Production - Nuclear Power Recovery of EnergyIndigenous Production - Nuclear Power Recovery of Energy
Calibration in High-Energy Astrophysics Statistical Methods
van Dyk, David
Calibration in High-Energy Astrophysics Statistical Methods Statistical Computation Empirical Illustrations Accounting for Calibration Uncertainty: High Energy Astrophysics and the PCG Sampler David A. van Dyk Accounting for Calibration Uncertainty #12;Calibration in High-Energy Astrophysics Statistical
BP Statistical Review of World Energy
Trade movements 30 Coal 30 Reserves and prices 32 Production and consumption 35 Nuclear energy 35BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2012 bp.com/statisticalreview 1 Introduction 1 Group chief executive's introduction 2 2011 in review 6 Oil 6 Reserves 8 Production and consumption 15 Prices
Lighting Retrofit Improving Visibility, Saving Energy | Department of
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasma | Department of EnergyBrakingDepartment ofProgram Sent:Light-Duty Lean GDIPrinciples and
Industrial Ventilation Statistics Confirm Energy Savings Opportunity
Litomisky, A.
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
INDUSTRIAL VENTILATION STATISTICS CONFIRM ENERGY SAVINGS OPPORTUNITY Ales Litomisky, President, Ecogate, Inc., Glendale, California This is a statistical analysis of workstation activity in the industrial ventilation industry (most data.... Vital Numbers: 28 ventilation systems (19 from USA, 8 from Europe, 1 from Canada), a total of 622 workstations monitored over 542 months represent over 4.8 million data records collected and analyzed. Data published in this report is unknown...
Triply Redundant Integrated Navigation and Asset Visibility System - Energy
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon (Including Vehicle Fuel) (MillionStructural Basis of WntSupportBRAP-focused topics 1 Reviewed atTrinity: supercomputing
EECBG Success Story: Lighting Retrofit Improving Visibility, Saving Energy
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankShale_Gas.pdfService onviiiDepartment ofof Energy Notice20City | Department ofofDepartment of|
Calibration in High-Energy Astrophysics Statistical Computation
van Dyk, David
Calibration in High-Energy Astrophysics Statistical Computation Back to Calibration Uncertainty Partially Collapsed Gibbs Samplers #12;Calibration in High-Energy Astrophysics Statistical Computation Back to Calibration Uncertainty Empirical Illustrations Outline 1 Calibration in High-Energy Astrophysics Scientific
IEA Energy Statistics | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP a gHigh Plains Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search NameHydroIDT Energy Jump to: navigation,
Non resonant transmission modelling with Statistical modal Energy distribution Analysis
Boyer, Edmond
be used as an alternative to Statistical Energy Analysis for describing subsystems with low modal overlap1 Non resonant transmission modelling with Statistical modal Energy distribution Analysis L. Maxit Capelle, F-69621 Villeurbanne Cedex, France Statistical modal Energy distribution Analysis (SmEdA) can
Generalized Energy Statistics and Kostka-Macdonald Polynomials
RIMS-1704 Generalized Energy Statistics and Kostka-Macdonald Polynomials By Anatol N. KIRILLOV of the modified Macdonald polynomial as a generating function of the energy statistics defined on the set of paths generalizations of the energy statistics on the set of BBS-paths which all, conjecturally, have the same
Equi-energy sampler with applications in statistical inference and statistical mechanics
S. C. Kou; Qing Zhou; Wing Hung Wong
2006-11-08T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce a new sampling algorithm, the equi-energy sampler, for efficient statistical sampling and estimation. Complementary to the widely used temperature-domain methods, the equi-energy sampler, utilizing the temperature--energy duality, targets the energy directly. The focus on the energy function not only facilitates efficient sampling, but also provides a powerful means for statistical estimation, for example, the calculation of the density of states and microcanonical averages in statistical mechanics. The equi-energy sampler is applied to a variety of problems, including exponential regression in statistics, motif sampling in computational biology and protein folding in biophysics.
International Energy Statistical Review. Monthly report
Not Available
1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The International Energy Statistical Review provides current information and comparisons with recent years for a variety of topics on international energy; almost all concern some aspect of the petroleum and natural gas industries. Six charts deal respectively with total Free World oil production, OAPEC oil production, non-Arab oil production, Free World and USSR oil production, inland oil consumption, and net oil imports. In general, the time period covers the last four or five years. The remainder of the Review is made up of 31 tables, covering such disparate topics as production, capacity, reserves, trade, consumption and stocks. Areas covered include the world, Free World, OPEC, OAPEC, OECD, selected developed countries, Western Europe, China, USSR, and Eastern Europe.
Energy conservation, counting statistics, and return to equilibrium
Jaksic, Vojkan
Energy conservation, counting statistics, and return to equilibrium V. JaksiÂ´c1 , J. Panangaden1 to the joint thermal equilibrium state, we study the Full Counting Statistics (FCS) of the energy transfers , A. Panati1,2 , C-A. Pillet2 1 Department of Mathematics and Statistics, McGill University, 805
International energy indicators. [Statistical tables and graphs
Bauer, E.K. (ed.)
1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
International statistical tables and graphs are given for the following: (1) Iran - Crude Oil Capacity, Production and Shut-in, June 1974-April 1980; (2) Saudi Arabia - Crude Oil Capacity, Production, and Shut-in, March 1974-Apr 1980; (3) OPEC (Ex-Iran and Saudi Arabia) - Capacity, Production and Shut-in, June 1974-March 1980; (4) Non-OPEC Free World and US Production of Crude Oil, January 1973-February 1980; (5) Oil Stocks - Free World, US, Japan, and Europe (Landed, 1973-1st Quarter, 1980); (6) Petroleum Consumption by Industrial Countries, January 1973-December 1979; (7) USSR Crude Oil Production and Exports, January 1974-April 1980; and (8) Free World and US Nuclear Generation Capacity, January 1973-March 1980. Similar statistical tables and graphs included for the United States include: (1) Imports of Crude Oil and Products, January 1973-April 1980; (2) Landed Cost of Saudi Oil in Current and 1974 Dollars, April 1974-January 1980; (3) US Trade in Coal, January 1973-March 1980; (4) Summary of US Merchandise Trade, 1976-March 1980; and (5) US Energy/GNP Ratio, 1947 to 1979.
THEORY OF SUPERCOOLED LIQUIDS AND GLASSES: ENERGY LANDSCAPE AND STATISTICAL
Stillinger, Frank
THEORY OF SUPERCOOLED LIQUIDS AND GLASSES: ENERGY LANDSCAPE AND STATISTICAL GEOMETRY PERSPECTIVES of This Article 32 II. The Energy Landscape 33 III. Statistical Geometry and Structure 39 A. Void Geometry. DEBENEDETII ET AL. food, communications, energy, and engineering plastics industries. We review important
VIBROACOUSTICS AT HIGH FREQUENCIES Coupling of Statistical Energy Analysis and numerical methods
Huerta, Antonio
VIBROACOUSTICS AT HIGH FREQUENCIES Coupling of Statistical Energy Analysis and numerical methods at high frequencies. Instead, a statistical approach (Statistical Energy Analysis) can be used: Deterministic methods: expensive and too detailed at high frequencies. Statistical methods: require energy
Statistical Tools for Analyzing the Cosmic Ray Energy Spectrum
J. D. Hague; B. R. Becker; M. S. Gold; J. A. J. Matthews
2008-08-20T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper un-binned statistical tools for analyzing the cosmic ray energy spectrum are developed and illustrated with a simulated data set. The methods are designed to extract accurate and precise model parameter estimators in the presence of statistical and systematic energy errors. Two robust methods are used to test for the presence of flux suppression at the highest energies: the Tail-Power statistic and a likelihood ratio test. Both tests give evidence of flux suppression in the simulated data. The tools presented can be generalized for use on any astrophysical data set where the power-law assumption is relevant and can be used to aid observational design.
Journal of Statistical Physics, Vol. 74. Nos. 1/2, 1994 Energy-Level Statistics of Model Quantum
Bleher, Pavel
Journal of Statistical Physics, Vol. 74. Nos. 1/2, 1994 Energy-Level Statistics of Model Quantum limit of a distribution for annuli of finite area. KEY WORDS: Energy-level statistics; integrable Received June 17. 1993 We investigate the statistics of the number N(R, S) of lattice points, n EZ
Bidding strategies for renewable energy generation with non stationary statistics
Giannitrapani, Antonello
function (cdf ) of the power generation at the same hour. Under the assumption of time-invariant statisticsBidding strategies for renewable energy generation with non stationary statistics A. Giannitrapani,paoletti,vicino,zarrilli}@dii.unisi.it Abstract: The intrinsic variability in non-dispatchable power generation raises important challenges
Calibration in High-Energy Astrophysics Statistical Methods
van Dyk, David
Calibration in High-Energy Astrophysics Statistical Methods Empirical Illustrations Accounting for Calibration Uncertainty in High Energy Astrophysics David A. van Dyk1 Vinay Kashyap2 Taeyoung Park3 Jin Xu4 David A. van Dyk Accounting for Calibration Uncertainty #12;Calibration in High-Energy Astrophysics
Baseballs and Barrels: World Statistics Day | Department of Energy
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
of October not only marks the beginning of Major League Baseball's World Series and Energy Awareness Month, but also the celebration of the first ever World Statistics Day on...
Equilibrium Statistical-Thermal Models in High-Energy Physics
Abdel Nasser Tawfik
2014-10-25T23:59:59.000Z
We review some recent highlights from the applications of statistical-thermal models to different experimental measurements and lattice QCD thermodynamics, that have been made during the last decade. We start with a short review of the historical milestones on the path of constructing statistical-thermal models for heavy-ion physics. We discovered that Heinz Koppe formulated in 1948 an almost complete recipe for the statistical-thermal models. In 1950, Enrico Fermi generalized this statistical approach, in which he started with a general cross-section formula and inserted into it simplifying assumptions about the matrix element of the interaction process that likely reflects many features of the high-energy reactions dominated by density in the phase space of final states. In 1964, Hagedorn systematically analysed the high-energy phenomena using all tools of statistical physics and introduced the concept of limiting temperature based on the statistical bootstrap model. It turns to be quite often that many-particle systems can be studied with the help of statistical-thermal methods. The analysis of yield multiplicities in high-energy collisions gives an overwhelming evidence for the chemical equilibrium in the final state. The strange particles might be an exception, as they are suppressed at lower beam energies. However, their relative yields fulfill statistical equilibrium, as well. We review the equilibrium statistical-thermal models for particle production, fluctuations and collective flow in heavy-ion experiments. We also review their reproduction of the lattice QCD thermodynamics at vanishing and finite chemical potential. During the last decade, five conditions have been suggested to describe the universal behavior of the chemical freeze out parameters.
Particle Energy Spectrum, Revisited from a Counting Statistics Perspective
None
2012-07-28T23:59:59.000Z
In nuclear science, gamma and neutron spectra are counted energy by energy, and then particle by particle. Until recently, few studies have been performed on how exactly those energy spectra are counted, or how those counts are correlated. Because of lack of investigation, cross section covariance and correlation matrices are usually estimated using perturbation method. We will discuss a statistical counting scheme that shall mimic the gamma and neutron counting process used in nuclear science. From this counting scheme, the cross section covariance and correlation can be statistically derived.
Yang, Lei, E-mail: nanoyang@qq.com [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China); Hunan Province Key Laboratory for Spray Deposition Technology and Application, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China); Dong, Jiazhang; Jiang, Zhongcheng [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China); Pan, Anlian; Zhuang, Xiujuan [Key Laboratory for Micro-Nano Physics and Technology of Hunan Province, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China)
2014-06-14T23:59:59.000Z
We report a strategy to investigate O vacancy (V{sub O}) involved energy transfer and dual-wavelength yellow emission in coaxial nanocable. By electric field deposition and subsequent sol-gel template approach, ZnO:Tb/Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu coaxial nanocable arrays are synthesized. After visible light excitation, system is promoted to O vacancy charge transfer state of V{sub O}(0/+). In the following cross relaxation, energy transfer from V{sub O} to the excitation energy level of Tb{sup 3+} in ZnO:Tb core area. While in Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu shell area, energy transfer to the excitation energy level of Eu{sup 3+}. Subsequently, dual-wavelength emission is observed. By constructing nanocable with dual-wavelength emission, yellow luminescence is obtained. Adjust doping concentration of Eu{sup 3+} or Tb{sup 3+} in the range of 0.01–0.05, chromaticity coordinates of ZnO:Tb/Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu nanocable stably stays at yellow region in color space except ZnO:Tb{sub 0.01}/Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sub 0.01}. As Vo states act as media in energy transfer process in nanocablers, visible light can stimulate dual-wavelength emissions. Yellow luminescent nanocable arrays will have great applications in light-emitting diode luminescence.
Statistical energy analysis of nonlinear vibrating systems
Spelman, G. M.; Langley, R. S.
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
structure, so any error due to the absence of this portion of the power input in the global energy balance is acceptable. 11 Proc. R. Soc. B Figure 4. (top) Coupling surface from single integral in equation (2.12), (bottom), SEA coupling loss... described in Section 2.1. Examples will be given of different excitation regimes and amplitudes to highlight the range of cases with approach can be applied to. The solution of the equation (2.20) for a given case can be done using a suitable algebraic...
Lazaridis, Themis
on statistical effective energy functions. Although the theoretical foundation of such functions is not clear physical effective energy function SEEF statistical effective energy function Introduction Approaches augmented by implicit solvation models, provide physical effective energy functions that are beginning
International energy indicators. [International and US statistics
Bauer, E.K. (ed.)
1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
For the international sector, a table of data is first presented followed by corresponding graph of the data for the following: (1) Iran: crude oil capacity, production, and shut-in, 1974 to February 1980; (2) Saudi Arabia (same as Iran); (3) OPEC (ex-Iran and Saudi Arabia); capacity, production, and shut-in, 1974 to January 1980; (4) non-OPEC Free World and US production of crude oil, 1973 to January 1980; (5) oil stocks: Free World, US, Japan, and Europe (landed), 1973 to 1979; (6) petroleum consumption by industrial countries, 1973 to October 1979; (7) USSR crude oil production, 1974 to February 1980; (8) Free World and US nuclear generation capacity, 1973 to January 1980. For the United States, the same data format is used for the following: (a) US imports of crude oil and products 1973 to January 1980; (b) landed cost of Saudi Arabia crude oil in current and 1974 dollars, 1974 to October 1979; (c) US trade in coal, 1973 to 1979; (d) summary of US merchandise trade, 1976 to January 1980; and (e) US energy/GNP ratio (in 1972 dollars), 1947 to 1979.
Damping Estimation of Plates for Statistical Energy Analysis
Vatti, Kranthi
2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
.R.D.M. algorithm. Statistical Energy Analysis (S.E.A.), which is a natural extension of the Power Input Method, is used to evaluate coupling loss factors for two sets of plates, one set joined along a line and the other set joined at a point. Two alternative...
Spatial Statistical Procedures to Validate Input Data in Energy Models
Johannesson, G.; Stewart, J.; Barr, C.; Brady Sabeff, L.; George, R.; Heimiller, D.; Milbrandt, A.
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Energy modeling and analysis often relies on data collected for other purposes such as census counts, atmospheric and air quality observations, economic trends, and other primarily non-energy related uses. Systematic collection of empirical data solely for regional, national, and global energy modeling has not been established as in the abovementioned fields. Empirical and modeled data relevant to energy modeling is reported and available at various spatial and temporal scales that might or might not be those needed and used by the energy modeling community. The incorrect representation of spatial and temporal components of these data sets can result in energy models producing misleading conclusions, especially in cases of newly evolving technologies with spatial and temporal operating characteristics different from the dominant fossil and nuclear technologies that powered the energy economy over the last two hundred years. Increased private and government research and development and public interest in alternative technologies that have a benign effect on the climate and the environment have spurred interest in wind, solar, hydrogen, and other alternative energy sources and energy carriers. Many of these technologies require much finer spatial and temporal detail to determine optimal engineering designs, resource availability, and market potential. This paper presents exploratory and modeling techniques in spatial statistics that can improve the usefulness of empirical and modeled data sets that do not initially meet the spatial and/or temporal requirements of energy models. In particular, we focus on (1) aggregation and disaggregation of spatial data, (2) predicting missing data, and (3) merging spatial data sets. In addition, we introduce relevant statistical software models commonly used in the field for various sizes and types of data sets.
Key World Energy Statistics-2010 | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP aCentrothermDepew,IndependentCounty,Kent City, Michigan: EnergyEnergyinFacility |Key World Energy
Rubin, Herman [bio] Professor of Statistics and Mathematics PhD: University of Chicago 1948. Office: MATH 550; Phone: +1 765 49-46054; Email: ...
Research on the Statistical Method of Energy Consumption for Public Buildings in China
Chen, S.; Li, N.
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this research is to develop a national statistical system for energy consumption data for public buildings in China, in order to provide data support for building energy efficiency work. The framework for a national statistical system...
Research on the Statistical Method of Energy Consumption for Public Buildings in China
Chen, S.; Li, N.
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this research is to develop a national statistical system for energy consumption data for public buildings in China, in order to provide data support for building energy efficiency work. The framework for a national statistical system...
UN-Energy Statistics Database | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP a g eWorks -09-0018-CXNuonYuchengRichlands, VirginiaTuntutuliakMaryland) Jump to:Energy
Adams, T.
This article presents the physics case for a new high-energy, ultra-high statistics neutrino scattering
Theory of Point Processes and Some Basic Notions in Energy Level Statistics #
Theory of Point Processes and Some Basic Notions in Energy Level Statistics # Nariyuki MINAMI@sakura.cc.tsukuba.ac.jp Abstract Although it is not explicitly stated in physics literature, energy level statistics is based upon. In this survey article, we present a purely phenomenological view of energy level statistics based on the theory
MHK ISDB/Sensors/MIRA Visibility Sensor 3544 | Open Energy Information
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Ebeling, Werner
Statistical distributions for Hamiltonian systems coupled to energy reservoirs and applications to molecular energy conversion W. Ebeling Institute of Physics, Humboldt-University, Newtonstr. 19, Berlin, Germany and Mark Kac Complex Systems Research Center, Jagellonian University, Reymonta 4, KrakÂ´ow, Poland
Statistical fluctuations of ground-state energies and binding energies in nuclei
A. Molinari; H. A. Weidenmueller
2004-03-11T23:59:59.000Z
The statistical fluctuations of the ground-state energy and of the binding energy of nuclei are investigated using both perturbation theory and supersymmetry. The fluctuations are induced by the experimentally observed stochastic behavior of levels in the vicinity of neutron threshold. The results are compared with a recent analysis of binding-energy fluctuations by Bohigas and Leboeuf, and with theoretical work by Feshbach et al.
Energy conservation, counting statistics, and return to equilibrium
Vojkan Jaksic; Jane Panangaden; Annalisa Panati; Claude-Alain Pillet
2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
We study a microscopic Hamiltonian model describing an N-level quantum system S coupled to an infinitely extended thermal reservoir R. Initially, the system S is in an arbitrary state while the reservoir is in thermal equilibrium at temperature T. Assuming that the coupled system S+R is mixing with respect to the joint thermal equilibrium state, we study the Full Counting Statistics (FCS) of the energy transfers S->R and R->S in the process of return to equilibrium. The first FCS describes the increase of the energy of the system S. It is an atomic probability measure, denoted $P_{S,\\lambda,t}$, concentrated on the set of energy differences $\\sigma(H_S)-\\sigma(H_S)$ ($\\sigma(H_S)$ is the spectrum of the Hamiltonian of S, $t$ is the length of the time interval during which the measurement of the energy transfer is performed, and $\\lambda$ is the strength of the interaction between S and R). The second FCS, $P_{R,\\lambda,t}$, describes the decrease of the energy of the reservoir R and is typically a continuous probability measure whose support is the whole real line. We study the large time limit $t\\rightarrow\\infty$ of these two measures followed by the weak coupling limit $\\lambda\\rightarrow 0$ and prove that the limiting measures coincide. This result strengthens the first law of thermodynamics for open quantum systems. The proofs are based on modular theory of operator algebras and on a representation of $P_{R,\\lambda,t}$ by quantum transfer operators.
Statistical analysis of wind energy in Chile David Watts a,b,*, Danilo Jara a
Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)
Data Bank Statistical analysis of wind energy in Chile David Watts a,b,*, Danilo Jara-takers. Wind energy rates as a possible alternative which, while com- plementing other energy options, could
ENTROPY: A COUNTERPART IN STATISTICAL ENERGY A. Le Bot, A. Carbonelli, J. Perret-Liaudet
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
to the energy level. ICSV18, 1014 July 2011, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 1 #12;18th International Congress on SoundENTROPY: A COUNTERPART IN STATISTICAL ENERGY ANALYSIS A. Le Bot, A. Carbonelli, J. Perret. Statistical energy analysis (SEA) is the most famous method intended to prediction of sound and vibration
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Dynamics on statistical samples of potential energy surfaces Keith D. Balla)
Berry, R. Stephen
Dynamics on statistical samples of potential energy surfaces Keith D. Balla) Department of Physics study extends this work by examining robustness of master equations based only on statistical samples description is either impossible or infeasible. We ask whether such ``statistical'' master equations can
Dark/visible parallel universes and Big Bang nucleosynthesis
Bertulani, C. A.; Frederico, T.; Fuqua, J.; Hussein, M. S.; Oliveira, O.; Paula, W. de [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A and M University-Commerce, Commerce TX 75429 (United States); Departamento de Fisica, Instituto Tecnologico de Aeronautica, DCTA 12.228-900, Sao Jose dos Campos, SP (Brazil); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A and M University-Commerce, Commerce TX 75429 (United States); Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Caixa Postal 66318, 05314-970 Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Departamento de Fisica, Instituto Tecnologico de Aeronautica, DCTA 12.228-900, Sao Jose dos Campos, SP, Brazil and Departamento de Fisica, Universidade de Coimbra, 3004-516 Coimbra (Portugal); Departamento de Fisica, Instituto Tecnologico de Aeronautica, DCTA 12.228-900, Sao Jose dos Campos, SP (Brazil)
2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z
We develop a model for visible matter-dark matter interaction based on the exchange of a massive gray boson called herein the Mulato. Our model hinges on the assumption that all known particles in the visible matter have their counterparts in the dark matter. We postulate six families of particles five of which are dark. This leads to the unavoidable postulation of six parallel worlds, the visible one and five invisible worlds. A close study of big bang nucleosynthesis (BBN), baryon asymmetries, cosmic microwave background (CMB) bounds, galaxy dynamics, together with the Standard Model assumptions, help us to set a limit on the mass and width of the new gauge boson. Modification of the statistics underlying the kinetic energy distribution of particles during the BBN is also discussed. The changes in reaction rates during the BBN due to a departure from the Debye-Hueckel electron screening model is also investigated.
32. Statistics 1 32. STATISTICS
Masci, Frank
an overview of statistical methods used in High Energy Physics. In statistics, we are interested in using and their statistical uncertainties in High Energy Physics. In Bayesian statistics, the interpretation of probability32. Statistics 1 32. STATISTICS Revised September 2007 by G. Cowan (RHUL). This chapter gives
Statistical mechanics of a correlated energy landscape model for protein folding funnels
Plotkin, Steven S.
Statistical mechanics of a correlated energy landscape model for protein folding funnels Steven S scientists view protein folding as a complex chemical reaction. Another fruitful analogy from statistical possible protein configurations is sufficient for understanding folding kinetics in many re- gimes
Wireless Throughput and Energy Efficiency with Random Arrivals and Statistical Queueing Constraints
Gursoy, Mustafa Cenk
Wireless Throughput and Energy Efficiency with Random Arrivals and Statistical Queueing Constraints Mustafa Ozmen and M. Cenk Gursoy Abstract--Throughput and energy efficiency in fading channels are studied. Throughput is further studied in certain asymptotic regimes. Furthermore, energy efficiency is analyzed
Statistical Simulation to Estimate Uncertain Behavioral Parameters of Hybrid Energy-Economy Models
functions. Policies that change energy prices, such as a tax on GHG emissions, can be simulated for their effect on output, energy demand, and, as a result, emissions. The model responses to these price changesStatistical Simulation to Estimate Uncertain Behavioral Parameters of Hybrid Energy-Economy Models
Nonequilibrium Statistics of a Reduced Model for Energy Transfer in Waves
Tabak, Esteban G.
Nonequilibrium Statistics of a Reduced Model for Energy Transfer in Waves R. E. LEE DEVILLE Courant, with the subsequent dynamics transferring the energy to longer scales. The main dissipation mechanism is wave breaking, which usually acts on much longer (gravity) waves that intermittently remove energy from the wave system
Statistics of Landscapes Based on Free Energies, Replication and Degradation Rate Constants of
Stadler, Peter F.
Statistics of Landscapes Based on Free Energies, Replication and Degradation Rate Constants of RNA are computed from primary sequences by means of a folding algorithm which uses a minimum free energy criterion. Free energies as well as replication and degradation rate constants are derived from secondary
ELSEVIER Physica D 107 (1997) 322-325 Statistical mechanics of correlated energy landscape models
Plotkin, Steven S.
1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
ELSEVIER Physica D 107 (1997) 322-325 PHYSICA Statistical mechanics of correlated energy landscape in the energy landscape of heteropolymers and proteins, specifically their role in the glass transition q are quantitatively similar to the results for an uncorrelated landscape or random energy model
CPU Scheduling for Statistically-Assured Real-Time Performance and Improved Energy Efficiency
Ravindran, Binoy
CPU Scheduling for Statistically-Assured Real-Time Performance and Improved Energy Efficiency@mitre.org ABSTRACT We present a CPU scheduling algorithm, called Energy-efficient Utility Accrual Algorithm (or EUA/utility functions. For battery-powered embedded systems, system-level energy consumption is also a primary concern
Reddy, T. A.; Claridge, D.; Wu, J.
1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Statistical models of energy use in commercial buildings are being increasingly used not only for predicting retrofit savings but also for identifying improper operation of HVAC systems. The conventional approach involves using multiple regression...
SPACE WEATHER, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1029/, Statistical Study of Low-Energy Heliosphere Particle provide important statistical information that can be used to estimate the low-energy radiation dosages addresses the statistics of the low-energy electron and proton radiation ( 50 keV to 5 MeV) beyond 1 AU
The Cost of Conserved Energy As An Investment Statistic
Meier, A. K.
1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
, the problem of disco~nt? 636 ESL-IE-84-04-109 Proceedings from the Sixth Annual Industrial Energy Technology Conference Volume II, Houston, TX, April 15-18, 1984 ing, this yields, cost of saving $3000 a kilowa tt-hour 4 cents/kWh 75,000 kWh This number... fuel price escalation rates. Thes~ are plotted in Figure 1. The comparison prices are 638 ESL-IE-84-04-109 Proceedings from the Sixth Annual Industrial Energy Technology Conference Volume II, Houston, TX, April 15-18, 1984 expressed in terms...
An overview of component qualification using Bayesian statistics and energy
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article)41cloth Documentation DataDepartment of EnergyOn-Farm Biofuelin HawaiiNaturalAdvancedintegrated data analysis
The Cost of Conserved Energy As An Investment Statistic
Meier, A. K.
1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
. However, a second group of measure, namely, the firm must-P;y higher (or not measures lowers consumption by increasing the reduced) energy bills. So the appropriate com efficiency of energy use. These measures include parison for conservation investments... means that we have substituted $3000 capital investment for 75,000 kWh of electricity or, on a unit basis, 4 cents for each kWh. Is this a good investment? To answer this question, we must determine the cost of 75,000 kWh from other available...
A Statistical Prediction-based Scheme for Energy-aware Multimedia Data Streaming
Bhandarkar, Suchendra "Suchi" M.
A Statistical Prediction-based Scheme for Energy-aware Multimedia Data Streaming Yong Wei Surendar multimedia objects has fueled the demand of mobile streaming multimedia. A necessary criterion for the mass prediction-based client-side strategies to reduce the wireless network interface card (WNIC) energy
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
A Parallel Statistical Learning Approach to the Prediction of Building Energy Consumption Based consumption of buildings based on historical performances is an important approach to achieve energy efficiency. A simulation method is here introduced to obtain sufficient clean historical consumption data
32. Statistics 1 32. STATISTICS
Masci, Frank
32. Statistics 1 32. STATISTICS Revised September 2007 by G. Cowan (RHUL). This chapter gives an overview of statistical methods used in High Energy Physics. In statistics, we are interested in using's validity or to determine the values of its parameters. There are two main approaches to statistical
Clerk, Aashish
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
PHYSICAL REVIEW A 84, 043824 (2011) Full counting statistics of energy fluctuations in a driven (Received 3 June 2011; published 14 October 2011) We consider the statistics of time-integrated energy cascading of fluctuations, these statistics are surprisingly nonclassical: the low-temperature, quantum
Low energy chiral two pion exchange potential with statistical uncertainties
R. Navarro Perez; J. E. Amaro; E. Ruiz Arriola
2015-05-12T23:59:59.000Z
We present a new phenomenological Nucleon-Nucleon chiral potential fitted to 925 pp and 1743 np scattering data selected from the Granada-2013 NN-database up to a laboratory energy of $125$ MeV with 20 short distance parameters and three chiral constants $c_1$, $c_3$ and $c_4$ with $\\chi^2/\
Statistical Mechanics of Money, Income, Debt, and Energy Consumption
Lathrop, Daniel P.
, as a consequence of entropy maximization. Analysis of empirical data shows that income distributions in the USAStatistical Mechanics of Money, Income, Debt, and Energy Consumption Physics Colloquium Presented") distribution, and its share of the total income expands and contracts dramatically during booms and busts
Sandia Energy - Statistical Mechanics with Density Functional Theory
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
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International Monetary Fund-Data and Statistics | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP aCentrothermDepew,Independent EnergyInternational Maritime Law Institute (IMLI) Jump to:
Canadian National Energy Use Database: Statistics and Analysis | Open
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RITA-Bureau of Transportation Statistics | Open Energy Information
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An overview of component qualification using Bayesian statistics and energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23TribalInformation Access toTenEnvironmentdecays (Journal Article) | SciTechperoxidaseand Puand
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FY 2014 Budget Request Statistical Table | Department of Energy
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318Cubic Feet)893 725 718 679DecemberContactWaste Management Â»
D. T. Miahilovi?; D. Kapor; M. Budin?evi?
2007-02-02T23:59:59.000Z
The concept of environmental interface is defined and analyzed from the point of view of the possible source of non-standard behaviour. The energy balance equation is written for the interface where all kinds of energy transfer occur. It is shown that under certain conditions, the discrete version of the equation for the temperature time rate turns in to the well-known logistic equation and the conditions for chaotic behaviour are studied. They are determined by the Lyapunov exponent. The realistic situation when the coefficients of the equation vary with time, is studied for the Earth-environment general system.
Bleher, Pavel
VOLUME 71, NUMBER 19 PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS 8 NOVEMBER 1993 Non-Gaussian Energy Level Statistics statistics [1,4). We first describe the results informally in the language of energy levels and then give with energy less than E of an integrable quantum system with two degrees of freedom is equal to XE+sE', where
EECBG Success Story: Lighting Retrofit Improving Visibility,...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Retrofit Improving Visibility, Saving Energy August 27, 2010 - 10:05am Addthis New LED lighting fixtures (right) emit a whiter light than existing high-pressure sodium cobra...
Far-reaching statistical consequences of the zero-point energy for the harmonic oscillator
Luis de la Pena; Andrea Valdes-Hernandez; Ana Maria Cetto
2007-12-12T23:59:59.000Z
In a recent thermodynamic analysis of the harmonic oscillator and using an interpolation procedure, Boyer has shown that the existence of a zero-point energy leads to the Planck spectrum. Here we avoid the interpolation by adding a statistical argument to arrive at Planck's law as an inescapable result of the presence of the zero-point energy. No explicit quantum argument is introduced along the derivations. We disclose the connection of our results with the original analysis of Planck and Einstein, which led to the notion of the quantized radiation field. We then inquire into the discrete or continuous behaviour of the energy and pinpoint the discontinuities. Finally, to open the door to the description of the zero-point fluctuations, we briefly discuss the statistical (in contrast to the purely thermodynamic) description of the oscillator, which accounts for both thermal and temperature-independent contributions to the energy dispersion.
An Exact Modeling of Signal Statistics in Energy-integrating X-ray Computed Tomography
An Exact Modeling of Signal Statistics in Energy-integrating X-ray Computed Tomography Yi Fan1 used by modern computed tomography (CT) scanners and has been an interesting research topic 1. INTRODUCTION In x-ray computed tomography (CT), Poisson noise model has been widely used in noise
Yuriy Hlushchuk; Stefanie Russ
2003-07-29T23:59:59.000Z
We study the level statistics (second half moment $I_0$ and rigidity $\\Delta_3$) and the eigenfunctions of pseudointegrable systems with rough boundaries of different genus numbers $g$. We find that the levels form energy intervals with a characteristic behavior of the level statistics and the eigenfunctions in each interval. At low enough energies, the boundary roughness is not resolved and accordingly, the eigenfunctions are quite regular functions and the level statistics shows Poisson-like behavior. At higher energies, the level statistics of most systems moves from Poisson-like towards Wigner-like behavior with increasing $g$. Investigating the wavefunctions, we find many chaotic functions that can be described as a random superposition of regular wavefunctions. The amplitude distribution $P(\\psi)$ of these chaotic functions was found to be Gaussian with the typical value of the localization volume $V_{\\rm{loc}}\\approx 0.33$. For systems with periodic boundaries we find several additional energy regimes, where $I_0$ is relatively close to the Poisson-limit. In these regimes, the eigenfunctions are either regular or localized functions, where $P(\\psi)$ is close to the distribution of a sine or cosine function in the first case and strongly peaked in the second case. Also an interesting intermediate case between chaotic and localized eigenfunctions appears.
Statistical Learning Controller for the energy management in a Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle
Statistical Learning Controller for the energy management in a Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle M standard vehicles more polluting and expensive ([4]). Electric Vehicles (EVs) are the most efficient zero the acceptance of these cars in the current car market. Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) are considered
The Low energy structure of the Nucleon-Nucleon interaction: Statistical vs Systematic Uncertainties
R. Navarro Perez; J. E. Amaro; E. Ruiz Arriola
2015-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
We analyze the low energy NN interaction by confronting statistical vs systematic uncertainties. This is based on the analysis of 6 different potentials fitted to the Granada-2013 database where a statistically meaningful partial wave analysis comprising a total of $6713$ np and pp published scattering data from 1950 till 2013 below pion production threshold has been made. This required the design and implementation of three new interactions which are introduced here. We extract threshold parameters uncertainties from the coupled channel effective range expansion up to $j \\le 5$. We find that for threshold parameters systematic uncertainties are generally at least an order of magnitude larger than statistical uncertainties. Similar results are found for np phase-shifts and amplitude parameters.
Capturing All the Light: Panchromatic Visible Absorption for...
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Capturing All the Light: Panchromatic Visible Absorption for Solar Photoconversion Basic Energy Sciences (BES) BES Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BES...
Low-energy cutoffs in electron spectra of solar flares: statistical survey
E. P. Kontar; E. Dickson; J. Kasparova
2008-05-21T23:59:59.000Z
The Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI) X-ray data base (February 2002 -- May 2006) has been searched to find solar flares with weak thermal components and flat photon spectra. Using a regularised inversion technique, we determine the mean electron flux distribution from count spectra of a selection of events with flat photon spectra in the 15--20 keV energy range. Such spectral behaviour is expected for photon spectra either affected by photospheric albedo or produced by electron spectra with an absence of electrons in a given energy range, e.g. a low-energy cutoff in the mean electron spectra of non-themal particles. We have found 18 cases which exhibit a statistically significant local minimum (a dip) in the range of 10--20 keV. The positions and spectral indices of events with low-energy cutoff indicate that such features are likely to be the result of photospheric albedo. It is shown that if the isotropic albedo correction was applied, all low-energy cutoffs in the mean electron spectrum were removed and hence the low energy cutoffs in the mean electron spectrum of solar flares above $\\sim$12 keV cannot be viewed as real features in the electron spectrum. If low-energy cutoffs exist in the mean electron spectra, the energy of low energy cutoffs should be less than $\\sim$12 keV.
van Stokkum, Ivo
in the thylakoid membrane of higher plants and green algae. LHCII acts to collect solar radiation, transferring this energy mainly toward photosystem II, with a smaller amount going to photosystem I; it is then converted pump/visible probe absorption difference spectroscopy on purified LHCII to gain insight into the energy
Energy Information Administration Official Energy Statistics from the U.S. Government
Annual Energy Outlook 2009 Reference Case Presentation -- December 17, 2008 The economy, oil prices-enacted policies and concerns over greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, combined with high energy prices, moderate AEO includes a wide range of price cases 2007 dollars per barrel #12;4EIA Annual Energy Outlook 2009
Equilibrium statistical mechanics and energy partition for the shallow water model
Renaud, Antoine; Bouchet, Freddy
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The aim of this paper is to use large deviation theory in order to compute the entropy of macrostates for the microcanonical measure of the shallow water system. The main prediction of this full statistical mechanics computation is the energy partition between a large scale vortical flow and small scale fluctuations related to inertia-gravity waves. We introduce for that purpose a discretized model of the continuous shallow water system, and compute the corresponding statistical equilibria. We argue that microcanonical equilibrium states of the discretized model in the continuous limit are equilibrium states of the actual shallow water system. We show that the presence of small scale fluctuations selects a subclass of equilibria among the states that were previously computed by phenomenological approaches that were neglecting such fluctuations. In the limit of weak height fluctuations, the equilibrium state can be interpreted as two subsystems in thermal contact: one subsystem corresponds to the large scale v...
California at Berkeley, University of
RHESSI MICROFLARE STATISTICS. II. X-RAY IMAGING, SPECTROSCOPY, AND ENERGY DISTRIBUTIONS I. G distribution of RHESSI flares and compare it to previous thermal energy distributions of transient events. We flares down to nanoflares. The fre- quency distribution of the energy in these events has been studied
Statistical analysis of Multi-Material Components using Dual Energy CT Christoph Heinzl, Johann plastics-metal components. The presented work makes use of dual energy CT data acquisi- tion for artefact pipeline based on the dual ex- posure technique of dual energy CT. After prefilter- ing and multi
Data-Driven Benchmarking of Building Energy Efficiency Utilizing Statistical Frontier Models
Kavousian, A; Rajagopal, R
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Frontier methods quantify the energy efficiency of buildings by forming an efficient frontier (best-practice technology) and by comparing all buildings against that frontier. Because energy consumption fluctuates over time, the efficiency scores are stochastic random variables. Existing applications of frontier methods in energy efficiency either treat efficiency scores as deterministic values or estimate their uncertainty by resampling from one set of measurements. Availability of smart meter data (repeated measurements of energy consumption of buildings) enables using actual data to estimate the uncertainty in efficiency scores. Additionally, existing applications assume a linear form for an efficient frontier; i.e.,they assume that the best-practice technology scales up and down proportionally with building characteristics. However, previous research shows that buildings are nonlinear systems. This paper proposes a statistical method called stochastic energy efficiency frontier (SEEF) to estimate a bias-corrected efficiency score and its confidence intervals from measured data. The paper proposes an algorithm to specify the functional form of the frontier, identify the probability distribution of the efficiency score of each building using measured data, and rank buildings based on their energy efficiency. To illustrate the power of SEEF, this paper presents the results from applying SEEF on a smart meter data set of 307 residential buildings in the United States. SEEF efficiency scores are used to rank individual buildings based on energy efficiency, to compare subpopulations of buildings, and to identify irregular behavior of buildings across different time-of-use periods. SEEF is an improvement to the energy-intensity method (comparing kWh/sq.ft.): whereas SEEF identifies efficient buildings across the entire spectrum of building sizes, the energy-intensity method showed bias toward smaller buildings. The results of this research are expected to assist researchers and practitioners compare and rank (i.e.,benchmark) buildings more robustly and over a wider range of building types and sizes. Eventually, doing so is expected to result in improved resource allocation in energy-efficiency programs.
Development of Statistical Energy Analysis Tools for Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing
Chen, J; Collins, Ro.; Gao, G.; Schaffer, D.; Wu, J.
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
level • Body Weld – little statistical difference between plants ? Fixed • Plant A best overall • Plant D and Plant E generally worse ESL-IE-14-05-06 Proceedings of the Thrity-Sixth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 20-23, 2014... 20-23, 2014 Shop Efficiency Rankings - Variable Electricity Paint Assembly Body Weld Plastic Stamp 1 Plant A Plant D Plant C Plant C Plant C 2 Plant E Plant E Plant D Plant A Plant E 3 Plant C Plant A Plant F Plant E Plant A 4 Plant D Plant C Plant A...
Development of Statistical Energy Analysis Tools for Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing
Chen, J; Collins, Ro.; Gao, G.; Schaffer, D.; Wu, J.
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
level • Body Weld – little statistical difference between plants ? Fixed • Plant A best overall • Plant D and Plant E generally worse ESL-IE-14-05-06 Proceedings of the Thrity-Sixth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 20-23, 2014... 20-23, 2014 Shop Efficiency Rankings - Variable Electricity Paint Assembly Body Weld Plastic Stamp 1 Plant A Plant D Plant C Plant C Plant C 2 Plant E Plant E Plant D Plant A Plant E 3 Plant C Plant A Plant F Plant E Plant A 4 Plant D Plant C Plant A...
Yan V Fyodorov; Jean-Philippe Bouchaud
2008-08-18T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate some implications of the freezing scenario proposed by Carpentier and Le Doussal (CLD) for a random energy model (REM) with logarithmically correlated random potential. We introduce a particular (circular) variant of the model, and show that the integer moments of the partition function in the high-temperature phase are given by the well-known Dyson Coulomb gas integrals. The CLD freezing scenario allows one to use those moments for extracting the distribution of the free energy in both high- and low-temperature phases. In particular, it yields the full distribution of the minimal value in the potential sequence. This provides an explicit new class of extreme-value statistics for strongly correlated variables, manifestly different from the standard Gumbel class. -
Figure ES1. Schema for Estimating Energy and Energy-Related Statistics,
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318Cubic Feet) YearSalesNew2003 Detailed TablesProved56 125 1022001 ES1 Figure
Delande, D.; Gay, J.C.
1986-10-20T23:59:59.000Z
The transition to chaos in ''the hydrogen atom in a magnetic field'' is numerically studied and shown to lead to well-defined signature on the energy-level fluctuations. Upon an increase in the energy, the calculated statistics evolve from Poisson to Gaussian orthogonal ensemble according to the regular or chaotic character of the classical motion. Several methods are employed to test the generic nature of these distributions.
Hegerfeldt, G.C.; Henneberg, R. (Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, University of Goettingen, D-37073 Goettingen (Germany))
1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
The statistical analysis of energy levels, a powerful tool in the study of quantum systems, is applicable to discrete spectra. Here we propose an approach to carry level statistics over to continuous energy spectra, paradoxical as this may sound at first. The approach proceeds in three steps, first a discretization of the spectrum by cutoffs, then a statistical analysis of the resulting discrete spectra, and finally a determination of the limit distributions as the cutoffs are removed. In this way the notions of Wigner and Poisson distributions for nearest-neighbor spacing (NNS), usually associated with quantum chaos and regularity, can be carried over to systems with a purely continuous energy spectrum. The approach is demonstrated for the hydrogen atom in perpendicular electric and magnetic fields. This system has a purely continuous energy spectrum from [minus][infinity] to [infinity]. Depending on the field parameters, we find for the NNS a Poisson or a Wigner distribution, or a transitional behavior. We also outline how to determine physically relevant resonances in our approach by a stabilization method.
ARM - Measurement - Visibility
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) |govInstrumentsmfrirt Documentation ARMupwelling irradiance ARM Data Discovery Browse Dataalbedo
T. Adams; P. Batra; L. Bugel; L. Camilleri; J. M. Conrad; A. de Gouvęa; P. H. Fisher; J. A. Formaggio; J. Jenkins; G. Karagiorgi; T. R. Kobilarcik; S. Kopp; G. Kyle; W. A. Loinaz; D. A. Mason; R. Milner; R. Moore; J. G. Morfín; M. Nakamura; D. Naples; P. Nienaber; F. I. Olness; J. F. Owens; S. F. Pate; A. Pronin; W. G. Seligman; M. H. Shaevitz; H. Schellman; I. Schienbein; M. J. Syphers; T. M. P. Tait; T. Takeuchi; C. Y. Tan; R. G. Van de Water; R. K. Yamamoto; J. Y. Yu
2009-06-19T23:59:59.000Z
We extend the physics case for a new high-energy, ultra-high statistics neutrino scattering experiment, NuSOnG (Neutrino Scattering On Glass) to address a variety of issues including precision QCD measurements, extraction of structure functions, and the derived Parton Distribution Functions (PDFs). This experiment uses a Tevatron-based neutrino beam to obtain a sample of Deep Inelastic Scattering (DIS) events which is over two orders of magnitude larger than past samples. We outline an innovative method for fitting the structure functions using a parameterized energy shift which yields reduced systematic uncertainties. High statistics measurements, in combination with improved systematics, will enable NuSOnG to perform discerning tests of fundamental Standard Model parameters as we search for deviations which may hint of "Beyond the Standard Model" physics.
Adams, T.; /Florida State U.; Batra, P.; /Columbia U.; Bugel, Leonard G.; /Columbia U.; Camilleri, Leslie Loris; /Columbia U.; Conrad, Janet Marie; /MIT; de Gouvea, A.; /Northwestern U.; Fisher, Peter H.; /MIT; Formaggio, Joseph Angelo; /MIT; Jenkins, J.; /Northwestern U.; Karagiorgi, Georgia S.; /MIT; Kobilarcik, T.R.; /Fermilab /Texas U.
2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
We extend the physics case for a new high-energy, ultra-high statistics neutrino scattering experiment, NuSOnG (Neutrino Scattering On Glass) to address a variety of issues including precision QCD measurements, extraction of structure functions, and the derived Parton Distribution Functions (PDFs). This experiment uses a Tevatron-based neutrino beam to obtain a sample of Deep Inelastic Scattering (DIS) events which is over two orders of magnitude larger than past samples. We outline an innovative method for fitting the structure functions using a parameterized energy shift which yields reduced systematic uncertainties. High statistics measurements, in combination with improved systematics, will enable NuSOnG to perform discerning tests of fundamental Standard Model parameters as we search for deviations which may hint of 'Beyond the Standard Model' physics.
Yalcin, C; Rauscher, T; Kiss, G G; Özkan, N; Güray, R T; Halász, Z; Szücs, T; Fülöp, Zs; Korkulu, Z; Somorjai, E
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Astrophysical reaction rates, which are mostly derived from theoretical cross sections, are necessary input to nuclear reaction network simulations for studying the origin of $p$ nuclei. Past experiments have found a considerable difference between theoretical and experimental cross sections in some cases, especially for ($\\alpha$,$\\gamma$) reactions at low energy. Therefore, it is important to experimentally test theoretical cross section predictions at low, astrophysically relevant energies. The aim is to measure reaction cross sections of $^{107}$Ag($\\alpha$,$\\gamma$)$^{111}$In and $^{107}$Ag($\\alpha$,n)$^{110}$In at low energies in order to extend the experimental database for astrophysical reactions involving $\\alpha$ particles towards lower mass numbers. Reaction rate predictions are very sensitive to the optical model parameters and this introduces a large uncertainty into theoretical rates involving $\\alpha$ particles at low energy. We have also used Hauser-Feshbach statistical model calculations to s...
UNDERSTANDING MANUFACTURING ENERGY USE THROUGH STATISTICAL ANALYSIS KELLY KISSOCK AND JOHN SERYAK
Kissock, Kelly
data points that are relatively easy for most plants to obtain. Multivariable change- point models, pioneered the practice of automatically fitting variable-base degree-day (VBDD) models to residential utility data (Fels, 1986; Fels et al. 1995). PRISM employs three primary types of statistical models
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM MATTHEW STEPHENS Departments of Statistics and Human statistical methods in genomics, among other areas of application. A typical workflow consists of i
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM HUIBIN ZHOU Department of Statistics Yale University to obtain statistical inference for estimation of Gaussian Graphical Model? A regression approach
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM JEROME FRIEDMAN Department of Statistics Stanford Ensemble methods have emerged as being among the most powerful statistical learning techniques. It is shown
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM SAMUEL KOU Department of Statistics Harvard University Stochastic Inference of Dynamic System Models: From Single-Molecule Experiments to Statistical
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM GOURAB MUKHERJEE Department of Statistics Stanford directions in statistical probability forecasting. Building on these parallels we present a frequentist
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM ZONGMING MA Department of Statistics University (CCA) is a widely used multivariate statistical technique for exploring the relation between two sets
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM INGRAM OLKIN Department of Statistics Stanford probability, statistics, combinatorics and graphs, numerical analysis and matrix theory. Special emphasis
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM KAMIAR RAD Department of Statistics Columbia carrying a finite total amount of information, the asymptotic sufficient statistics of the stimulus
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM ADRIAN RAFTERY Department of Statistics University will describe a Bayesian statistical method for probabilistic population projections for all countries
Valuation of wind energy projects and statistical analysis of wind power
Nanopoulos, Andrew
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
As energy becomes an increasingly important issue for generations to come, it is crucial to develop tools for valuing and understanding energy projects from an economic perspective since ultimately only economically viable ...
Evaluating and Monitoring Energy Conservation in Multibuilding Clusters with Statistical Models
Darwin, R. F.; Mazzucchi, R. P.
1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A standardized method for modeling energy consumption in mixed clusters of residential and commercial buildings is described. The basic approach is to delineate energy consumption along three dimensions: time, day-length, and temperature...
Visible Spectrum Incandescent Selective Emitter
Sonsight Inc.
2004-04-30T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of the work performed was to demonstrate the feasibility of a novel bi-layer selective emitter. Selective emitters are incandescent radiant bodies with emissivities that are substantially larger in a selected part of the radiation spectrum, thereby significantly shifting their radiated spectral distribution from that of a blackbody radiating at the same temperature. The major research objectives involved answering the following questions: (1) What maximum VIS/NIR radiant power and emissivity ratios can be attained at 2650 K? (2) What is the observed emitter body life and how does its performance vary with time? (3) What are the design tradeoffs for a dual heating approach in which both an internally mounted heating coil and electrical resistance self-heating are used? (4) What are the quantitative improvements to be had from utilizing a bi-layer emitter body with a low emissivity inner layer and a partially transmissive outer layer? Two approaches to obtaining selective emissivity were investigated. The first was to utilize large optical scattering within an emitter material with a spectral optical absorption that is much greater within the visible spectrum than that within the NIR. With this approach, an optically thick emitter can radiate almost as if optically thin because essentially, scattering limits the distance below the surface from which significant amounts of internally generated radiation can emerge. The performance of thin emitters was also investigated (for optically thin emitters, spectral emissivity is proportional to spectral absorptivity). These emitters were fabricated from thin mono-layer emitter rods as well as from bi-layer rods with a thin emitter layer mounted on a substrate core. With an initially estimated energy efficiency of almost three times that of standard incandescent bulbs, a number of energy, economic and environmental benefits such as less energy use and cost, reduced CO{sub 2} emissions, and no mercury contamination was initially projected. The work performed provided answers to a number of important questions. The first is that, with the investigated approaches, the maximum sustained emitter efficiencies are about 1.5 times that of a standard incandescent bulb. This was seen to be the case for both thick and thin emitters, and for both mono-layer and bi-layer designs. While observed VIS/NIR ratios represent improvements over standard incandescent bulbs, it does not appear sufficient to overcome higher cost (i.e. up to five times that of the standard bulb) and ensure commercial success. Another result is that high temperatures (i.e. 2650 K) are routinely attainable without platinum electrodes. This is significant for reducing material costs. A novel dual heating arrangement and insulated electrodes were used to attain these temperatures. Another observed characteristic of the emitter was significant grain growth soon after attaining operating temperatures. This is an undesirable characteristic that results in substantially less optical scattering and spectral selectivity, and which significantly limits emitter efficiencies to the values reported. Further work is required to address this problem.
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM DAVID BLEI Department of Statistics and Computer posterior inference algorithms have revolutionized Bayesian statistics, revealing its potential as a usable and general-purpose language for data analysis. Bayesian statistics, however, has not yet reached
Crow, Ben D
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of Globalization: Statistics Weiss, L. (1997). "of Globalization: Statistics Milanovic, B. (1999). Truethe focus of global statistics, particularly in relation to
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
LeeAnn Martinez (505) 667-3308 Email Find Expertise header Search our employee skills database Statistical Sciences Statistical Sciences provides statistical reasoning and...
Towards energy resolution at the statistical limit from a negative ion time projection chamber
Peter Sorensen; Mike Heffner; Adam Bernstein; Josh Renner; Melinda Sweany
2012-05-29T23:59:59.000Z
We make a proof-of-principle demonstration that improved energy resolution can be obtained in a negative-ion time projection chamber, by individually counting each electron produced by ionizing radiation.
Statistical Analysis of Historical State-Level Residential Energy Consumption Trends
Belzer, David B.; Cort, Katherine A.
2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
Developing an accurate picture of the major trends in energy consumption in the nation’s stock of residential buildings can serve a variety of national and regional program planning and policy needs related to energy use. This paper employs regression analysis and uses the PRISM (Princeton Scorekeeping Method) approach with historical data to provide some insight into overall changes in the thermal integrity of the residential building stock by state. Although national energy use intensity estimates exist in aggregate, these numbers shed little light on what drives building consumption, as opposing influences are hidden within the measurement (e.g., more appliances that increase energy use while shell improvements reduce it). This study addresses this issue by estimating changes in the reference temperatures that best characterize the existing residential building stock on a state basis. Improvements in building thermal integrity are reflected by declines in the heating reference temperature, holding other factors constant. Heating and cooling-day estimates to various reference temperatures were computed from monthly average temperature data for approximately 350 climatic divisions in the U.S. A simple cross-sectional analysis is employed to try to explain the differential impacts across states. Among other factors, this analysis considers the impact that the relative growth in the number of residential buildings and the stringency of building energy codes has had on residential building energy use. This paper describes the methodology used, presents results, and suggests directions for future research.
Smoke and Visible Emissions (New Mexico)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
This rule establishes controls on smoke and visible emissions from certain sources. This rule is not intended to preempt any more stringent controls on smoke and visible emissions provided in any...
C. Cafaro; S. A. Ali
2008-10-25T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we review our novel information geometrodynamical approach to chaos (IGAC) on curved statistical manifolds and we emphasize the usefulness of our information-geometrodynamical entropy (IGE) as an indicator of chaoticity in a simple application. Furthermore, knowing that integrable and chaotic quantum antiferromagnetic Ising chains are characterized by asymptotic logarithmic and linear growths of their operator space entanglement entropies, respectively, we apply our IGAC to present an alternative characterization of such systems. Remarkably, we show that in the former case the IGE exhibits asymptotic logarithmic growth while in the latter case the IGE exhibits asymptotic linear growth. At this stage of its development, IGAC remains an ambitious unifying information-geometric theoretical construct for the study of chaotic dynamics with several unsolved problems. However, based on our recent findings, we believe it could provide an interesting, innovative and potentially powerful way to study and understand the very important and challenging problems of classical and quantum chaos.
C. Yalcin; Gy. Gyürky; T. Rauscher; G. G. Kiss; N. Özkan; R. T. Güray; Z. Halász; T. Szücs; Zs. Fülöp; Z. Korkulu; E. Somorjai
2015-04-07T23:59:59.000Z
Astrophysical reaction rates, which are mostly derived from theoretical cross sections, are necessary input to nuclear reaction network simulations for studying the origin of $p$ nuclei. Past experiments have found a considerable difference between theoretical and experimental cross sections in some cases, especially for ($\\alpha$,$\\gamma$) reactions at low energy. Therefore, it is important to experimentally test theoretical cross section predictions at low, astrophysically relevant energies. The aim is to measure reaction cross sections of $^{107}$Ag($\\alpha$,$\\gamma$)$^{111}$In and $^{107}$Ag($\\alpha$,n)$^{110}$In at low energies in order to extend the experimental database for astrophysical reactions involving $\\alpha$ particles towards lower mass numbers. Reaction rate predictions are very sensitive to the optical model parameters and this introduces a large uncertainty into theoretical rates involving $\\alpha$ particles at low energy. We have also used Hauser-Feshbach statistical model calculations to study the origin of possible discrepancies between prediction and data. An activation technique has been used to measure the reaction cross sections at effective center of mass energies between 7.79 MeV and 12.50 MeV. Isomeric and ground state cross sections of the ($\\alpha$,n) reaction were determined separately. The measured cross sections were found to be lower than theoretical predictions for the ($\\alpha$,$\\gamma$) reaction. Varying the calculated averaged widths in the Hauser-Feshbach model, it became evident that the data for the ($\\alpha$,$\\gamma$) and ($\\alpha$,n) reactions can only be simultaneously reproduced when rescaling the ratio of $\\gamma$- to neutron width and using an energy-dependent imaginary part in the optical $\\alpha$+$^{107}$Ag potential.......
Statistical Laboratory & Department of Statistics
Statistical Laboratory & Department of Statistics Annual Report July 1, 2005 to December 31, 2006...............................................33 Statistical Computing Section ......................................34 CSSM and statistical methodology in the nutritional sciences. We were also very pleased to secure a permanent lecturer
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM Joint seminar with Stevanovich Center PHILIPPE RIGOLLET Operations Research and Financial Engineering, Princeton University The Statistical Price to Pay ABSTRACT Computational limitations of statistical problems have largely been ignored or simply over- come
www.eia.gov U.S. Energy Information Administration Independent Statistics & Analysis
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon (Including Vehicle Fuel) (MillionStructural Basis of5,:,, , ., ..., atPREDICTINGMagnetocoriolis7,1996 NYOUR BENEFIT
Kawano, T; Weidenmüller, H A
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Using a random-matrix approach and Monte-Carlo simulations, we generate scattering matrices and cross sections for compound-nucleus reactions. In the absence of direct reactions we compare the average cross sections with the analytic solution given by the Gaussian Orthogonal Ensemble (GOE) triple integral, and with predictions of statistical approaches such as the ones due to Moldauer, to Hofmann, Richert, Tepel, and Weidenm\\"{u}ller, and to Kawai, Kerman, and McVoy. We find perfect agreement with the GOE triple integral and display the limits of validity of the latter approaches. We establish a criterion for the width of the energy-averaging interval such that the relative difference between the ensemble-averaged and the energy-averaged scattering matrices lies below a given bound. Direct reactions are simulated in terms of an energy-independent background matrix. In that case, cross sections averaged over the ensemble of Monte-Carlo simulations fully agree with results from the Engelbrecht-Weidenm\\"{u}ller ...
EIA - Advice from Meetings of the ASA Committee on Energy Statistics
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318 706Production% of41.1Diesel prices increase nationally The U.S.Diesel prices up
www.eia.gov U.S. Energy Information Administration Independent Statistics & Analysis
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318 706Production% of41.1DieselRegular gasolinegasoline0,Feb-15 Note 1.32Fuel OilFebruary 12,
www.eia.gov U.S. Energy Information Administration Independent Statistics & Analysis
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318 706Production% of41.1DieselRegular gasolinegasoline0,Feb-15 Note 1.32Fuel OilFebruary
Evaluating and Monitoring Energy Conservation in Multibuilding Clusters with Statistical Models
Darwin, R. F.; Mazzucchi, R. P.
1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
increases when the total number of hours increases, the number of nighttime hours increases, the number of heating degree days increases, and the number of cooling degree days increases. The model al- so indicates that the use of elec- tricity has... or cooling degree days, F-day, as ap- propriate. Time-sensi tive variables. The time-sensitive portions of energy consum~tion are ca~tured bv the- trend term and the' length of the billing period. The purpose of the trend term is to determine whether...
Assessing the potential visibility benefits of Clean Air Act Title IV emission reductions
Trexler, E.C. Jr. [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States); Shannon, J.D. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)
1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
Assessments are made of the benefits of the 1990 Clean Air Act Title IV (COVE), Phase 2, SO2 and NOX reduction provisions, to the visibility in typical eastern and western Class 1 areas. Probable bands of visibility impairment distribution curves are developed for Shenandoah National Park, Smoky Mountain National Park and the Grand Canyon National Park, based on the existing emissions, ``Base Case``, and for the COVE emission reductions, ``CAAA Case``. Emission projections for 2010 are developed with improved versions of the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program emission projection models. Source-receptor transfer matrices created with the Advanced Statistical Trajectory Regional Air Pollution (ASTRAP) model are used with existing emission inventories and with the emission projections to calculate atmospheric concentrations of sulfate and nitrate at the receptors of interest for existing and projected emission scenarios. The Visibility Assessment Scoping Model (VASM) is then used to develop distributions of visibility impairment. VASM combines statistics of observed concentrations of particulate species and relative humidity with ASTRAP calculations of the relative changes in atmospheric sulfate and nitrate particulate concentrations in a Monte Carlo approach to produce expected distributions of hourly particulate concentrations and RH. Light extinction relationships developed in theoretical and field studies are then used to calculate the resulting distribution of visibility impairment. Successive Monte Carlo studies are carried out to develop sets of visibility impairment distributions with and without the COVE emission reductions to gain insight into the detectability of expected visibility improvements.
Statistics of publicly owned electric utilities in the United States: 1979, energy data report
McEwan, P.; Ryan, S.
1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
Financial and operating information about publicly owned utilities in the United States are presented. This publication contains the annual reports for 162 Municipalities and 74 Federal projects whose annual operating revenues equal or exceed $5,000,000 or $1,000,000, respectively. Data from 11 municipalities which reported in 1978 and 6 federal projects (5 of which reported in 1978) were not received in time for inclusion in this year's publication. The US Department of Interior markets all the electric energy produced at projects of the US Department of the Army Corps of Engineers. The 1979 edition is constructed to include an index listing of names for each reporting publicly owned utility by State, or States, in which it operates. Federal projects are listed by the particular department operating that project. A summary for all utilities in total may be found at the begining of each section. These summaries include the balance sheet, and statements for income accounts, electric operating revenues, electric utility plants, electric operation and maintenance expenses, energy accounts, and physical quantities. The Year in Review is composed of statements from both Publicly Owned Municipal Electric Utilities and Federal Projects. It includes both financial and operational information.
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon (Including Vehicle Fuel) (MillionStructural Basis of Wnt Recognition by Frizzled SSRLDr. Donald L. Cook Foron516 Statistical
Statistical study of free magnetic energy and flare productivity of solar active regions
Su, J. T.; Jing, J.; Wang, S.; Wang, H. M. [Space Weather Research Laboratory, New Jersey Institute of Technology, University Heights, Newark, NJ 07102-1982 (United States); Wiegelmann, T., E-mail: sjt@bao.ac.cn [Max-Planck-Institut fur Sonnensystemforschung, Max-Planck-Strasse 2, D-37191 Katlenburg-Lindau (Germany)
2014-06-20T23:59:59.000Z
Photospheric vector magnetograms from the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager on board the Solar Dynamic Observatory are utilized as the boundary conditions to extrapolate both nonlinear force-free and potential magnetic fields in solar corona. Based on the extrapolations, we are able to determine the free magnetic energy (FME) stored in active regions (ARs). Over 3000 vector magnetograms in 61 ARs were analyzed. We compare FME with the ARs' flare index (FI) and find that there is a weak correlation (<60%) between FME and FI. FME shows slightly improved flare predictability relative to the total unsigned magnetic flux of ARs in the following two aspects: (1) the flare productivity predicted by FME is higher than that predicted by magnetic flux and (2) the correlation between FI and FME is higher than that between FI and magnetic flux. However, this improvement is not significant enough to make a substantial difference in time-accumulated FI, rather than individual flare, predictions.
Statistical Laboratory & Department of Statistics
by the American Statistical Association. Dean Isaacson and Mark Kaiser were instrumental in garnering a NationalStatistical Laboratory & Department of Statistics Annual Report July 1, 2002 to June 30, 2003 IOWA Chair of the Department of Statistics and Director of the Statistical Laboratory in November, 2002. Dean
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM GONGJUN XU Department of Statistics Columbia University Statistical Inference for Diagnostic Classification Models MONDAY, February 18, 2013 at 4:00 PM-driven construction (estimation) of the Q-matrix and related statistical issues of DCMs. I will first give
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM ERNST WIT Statistics and Probability University devices collect a lot of information, typically about few independent statistical subjects or units statistics. In certain special cases the method can be tweaked to obtain L1-penalized GLM solution paths
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM PO-LING LOH Department of Statistics University the seminar in Eckhart 110 ABSTRACT Noisy and missing data are prevalent in many real-world statistical, and provide theoretical guarantees for the statistical consistency of our methods. Although our estimators
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM SAYAN MUKHERJEE Department of Statistical Science vignettes where topological ideas are explored in statistical models of complex traits, machine learning such as sufficient statistics and dictionary learning will be touched on. I will describe an application
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM ERIC KOLACZYK Department of Statistics Boston University Statistical Analysis of Network Data: (Re)visiting the Foundations MONDAY, October 13, 2014, at 4, statistical methods and modeling have been central to these efforts. But how well do we truly understand
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM NOUREDDINE EL KAROUI Department of Statistics will discuss the behavior of widely used statistical methods in the high-dimensional setting where the number surprising statistical phenomena occur: for instance, maximum likelihood methods are shown to be (grossly
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM PETER GUTTORP University of Washington and Norwegian Computing Center The Heat Is On! A Statistical Look at the State of the Climate MONDAY, May 6, 2013 at 4
Visible Light Communications: Recent Activities in Japan
Lü, James Jian-Qiang
The Graduate School of System Design and Management, Keio University, Yokohama, Japan Smart Spaces: A Smart, visible light LEDs are beginning to be used in every home and office, which makes visible light LEDs ideal, and the market share of LED lighting will be more than 30 percent of total lighting market in 2016. Prediction
Thermal to Visible Face Recognition Jonghyun Choi
Daume III, Hal
Thermal to Visible Face Recognition Jonghyun Choi , Shuowen Hu , S. Susan Young and Larry S. Davis surveillance, thermal imaging is commonly used because of the intrinsic emissivity of thermal radiation from the human body. However, matching thermal images of faces acquired at nighttime to the predominantly visible
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM SRIRAM SANKARARAMAN Department of Genetics Harvard Medical School Statistical Models for Analyzing Ancient Human Admixture WEDNESDAY, January 21, 2015, at 4 become available, as well as appropriate statistical models. In the first part of my talk, I will focus
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM ROBERT NOWAK Department of Electrical and Computer-dimensional statistical models to capture the complexity of such problems. Most of the work in this direction has focused of statistical inference. These procedures automatically adapt the measurements in order to focus and optimize
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM
Department of Statistics STATISTICS COLLOQUIUM PIOTR ZWIERNIK Department of Mathematics University of Genoa Understanding Statistical Models Through Their Geometry MONDAY, January 26, 2015, at 4:00 PM and Gaussian statistical models have a rich geometric structure and can be often viewed as algebraic sets
Term statistics Zipf's law text statistics
Lu, Jianguo
Term statistics Zipf's law text statistics October 20, 2014 text statistics 1 / 19 #12;Term statistics Zipf's law Overview 1 Term statistics 2 Zipf's law text statistics 2 / 19 #12;Term statistics Zipf's law Outline 1 Term statistics 2 Zipf's law text statistics 3 / 19 #12;Term statistics Zipf's law Model
Emission of Visible Light by Hot Dense Metals
More, R.M.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
HIFAN 1761 EMISSION OF VISIBLE LIGHT BY HOT DENSE METALS ByDE-AC52-07NA27344. HI FAN Emission of Visible Light by HotABSTRACT We consider the emission of visible light by hot
Hydrogen generation under visible light using nitrogen doped titania anodes
Lin, H.; Rumaiz, A.; Schulz, M.; Huang, C.P.; Sha, S. I.
2010-06-16T23:59:59.000Z
Hydrogen is among several energy sources that will be needed to replace the quickly diminishing fossil fuels. Free hydrogen is not available naturally on earth and the current processes require a fossil fuel, methane, to generate hydrogen. Electrochemical splitting of water on titania proposed by Fujishima suffers from low efficiency. The efficiency could be enhanced if full sun spectrum can be utilized. Using pulsed laser deposition technique we synthesized nitrogen doped titanium dioxide (TiO{sub 2-x}N{sub x}) thin films with improved visible light sensitivity. The photoactivity was found to be N concentration dependent. Hydrogen evolution was observed under visible light irradiation (wavelength > 390 nm) without the presence of any organic electron donor.
The University of Chicago Department of Statistics
The University of Chicago Department of Statistics Seminar Series SAMUEL KOU Department of Statistics Harvard University "Equi-energy Sampler: From Statistical Inference to Statistical Mechanics, for efficient statistical sampling and estimation. Complementary to the widely used temperature-domain methods
Cheuk-Yin Wong; Grzegorz Wilk; Leonardo J. L. Cirto; Constantino Tsallis
2015-05-08T23:59:59.000Z
Transverse spectra of both jets and hadrons obtained in high-energy $pp$ and $p\\bar p $ collisions at central rapidity exhibit power-law behavior of $1/p_T^n$ at high $p_T$. The power index $n$ is 4-5 for jet production and is 6-10 for hadron production. Furthermore, the hadron spectra spanning over 14 orders of magnitude down to the lowest $p_T$ region in $pp$ collisions at LHC can be adequately described by a single nonextensive statistical mechanical distribution that is widely used in other branches of science. This suggests indirectly the possible dominance of the hard-scattering process over essentially the whole $p_T$ region at central rapidity in high-energy $pp$ and $p \\bar p$ collisions. We show here direct evidences of such a dominance of the hard-scattering process by investigating the power indices of UA1 and ATLAS jet spectra over an extended $p_T$ region and the two-particle correlation data of the STAR and PHENIX Collaborations in high-energy $pp$ and $p \\bar p$ collisions at central rapidity. We then study how the showering of the hard-scattering product partons alters the power index of the hadron spectra and leads to a hadron distribution that may be cast into a single-particle nonextensive statistical mechanical distribution. Because of such a connection, the nonextensive statistical mechanical distribution may be considered as a lowest-order approximation of the hard-scattering of partons followed by the subsequent process of parton showering that turns the jets into hadrons, in high energy $pp$ and $p\\bar p$ collisions.
Wong, Cheuk-Yin [ORNL; Wilk, Grzegorz [National Centre for Nuclear Research, Warsaw, Poland; Cirto, Leonardo J. L. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Físicas (CBPF), Brazil; Tsallis, Constantino [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, Brazil
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Transverse spectra of both jets and hadrons obtained in high-energy $pp$ and $p\\bar p $ collisions at central rapidity exhibit power-law behavior of $1/p_T^n$ at high $p_T$. The power index $n$ is 4-5 for jet production and is slightly greater for hadron production. Furthermore, the hadron spectra spanning over 14 orders of magnitude down to the lowest $p_T$ region in $pp$ collisions at LHC can be adequately described by a single nonextensive statistical mechanical distribution that is widely used in other branches of science. This suggests indirectly the dominance of the hard-scattering process over essentially the whole $p_T$ region at central rapidity in $pp$ collisions at LHC. We show here direct evidences of such a dominance of the hard-scattering process by investigating the power index of UA1 jet spectra over an extended $p_T$ region and the two-particle correlation data of the STAR and PHENIX Collaborations in high-energy $pp$ and $p \\bar p$ collisions at central rapidity. We then study how the showering of the hard-scattering product partons alters the power index of the hadron spectra and leads to a hadron distribution that can be cast into a single-particle non-extensive statistical mechanical distribution. Because of such a connection, the non-extensive statistical mechanical distribution can be considered as a lowest-order approximation of the hard-scattering of partons followed by the subsequent process of parton showering that turns the jets into hadrons, in high energy $pp$ and $p\\bar p$ collisions.
Michele Arzano; Dario Benedetti
2008-09-04T23:59:59.000Z
Non-commutative quantum field theories and their global quantum group symmetries provide an intriguing attempt to go beyond the realm of standard local quantum field theory. A common feature of these models is that the quantum group symmetry of their Hilbert spaces induces additional structure in the multiparticle states which reflects a non-trivial momentum-dependent statistics. We investigate the properties of this "rainbow statistics" in the particular context of $\\kappa$-quantum fields and discuss the analogies/differences with models with twisted statistics.
The Observer Algorithm for Visibility Approximation
Doherty, Patrick
, with dif- ferent view ranges and grid cell sizes. By changing the size of the grid cells that the algorithm or more sentries while moving to a goal position. Algorithms for finding a covert paths in the presence of stationary and moving sentries has been devised by [5] [6]. An approximate visibility algorithm was devised
Labushev, Mikhail M
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Index of proportionality of atomic weights of chemical elements is proposed for determining the relative age of minerals and rocks. Their chemical analysis results serve to be initial data for calculations. For rocks of different composition the index is considered to be classification value as well. Crystal lattice energy change in minerals and their associations can be measured by the index value change, thus contributing to the solution of important practical problems. There was determined the effect of more rapid increase of potential energy of limestone with relatively low lattice energy as compared with the others.
The visible Smith-Purcell radiation search
Fernow, R.C.; Kirk, H.G.; Ulc, S. Wang, X.
1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
We report here the results of an experiment at the Accelerator Test Facility at Brookhaven National Laboratory to search for the production of visible radiation from the Smith-Purcell effect using a 3 MeV electron beam. After running the experiment under a variety of conditions we were unable to isolate a definite signal from Smith-Parcell effect. Any Smith-Purcell signal present in the measured radiation was less than 10% of the background signal.
Visible-wavelength semiconductor lasers and arrays
Schneider, Jr., Richard P. (Albuquerque, NM); Crawford, Mary H. (Albuquerque, NM)
1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A visible semiconductor laser. The visible semiconductor laser includes an InAlGaP active region surrounded by one or more AlGaAs layers on each side, with carbon as the sole p-type dopant. Embodiments of the invention are provided as vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) and as edge-emitting lasers (EELs). One or more transition layers comprised of a substantially indium-free semiconductor alloy such as AlAsP, AlGaAsP, or the like may be provided between the InAlGaP active region and the AlGaAS DBR mirrors or confinement layers to improve carrier injection and device efficiency by reducing any band offsets. Visible VCSEL devices fabricated according to the invention with a one-wavelength-thick (1.lambda.) optical cavity operate continuous-wave (cw) with lasing output powers up to 8 mW, and a peak power conversion efficiency of up to 11%.
Jan de Leeuw
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
with Real Data ? Annals Statistics, of 5:1055-1098, 1977.The Foundations of Statistics - Are There Any ? Synthese, [Statistics and the Sciences Jan de Leeuw UCLA Statistics
Seeing solar on campus : a visible photovoltaic installation on campus
Guarda, Daniel Jair Alves
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper presents a methodology for selecting a site on the MIT campus for a visible solar photovoltaic installation. Visibility, solar exposure, advertising potential, aesthetics, interactivity and direct or important ...
Hunter, David
, following the publication of Venables & Ripley (1994). [See p. 1. Where that takes a significantly betterÂPlus include dynamic graphics (x6.3, brush and spin) and the classical statistics functions (x9 environment. It will help to have the library ripley available --- it should be in the same source
Four Faculty Positions Applied Statistics & Computational Statistics
Shepp, Larry
Four Faculty Positions Applied Statistics & Computational Statistics The Department of Statistics at the Assistant Professor rank. Two positions are open in the area of Applied Statistics, with a focus on the development of statistical methodology and statistical consulting. The other two positions are open
Indoor positioning algorithm using light-emitting diode visible light
Kavehrad, Mohsen
Indoor positioning algorithm using light- emitting diode visible light communications Zhou Zhou of Use: http://spiedl.org/terms #12;Indoor positioning algorithm using light-emitting diode visible light. This paper proposes a novel indoor positioning algorithm using visible light communications (VLC
Not Available
1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
This is the Secretary of Energy's seventh Semiannual Report to Congress to be submitted under the Inspector General Act of 1978, as amended. Pursuant to the Inspector General Act Amendments of 1988 (Public Law 100-504), agency heads are to report to Congress on the status of final action taken on audit report recommendations. This report complements a report prepared by the Department's Office of Inspector General (IG), which provides information on audit reports issued during the period and on the status of management decisions made on IG audit reports. This report has three sections. The first outlines significant management accomplishments achieved by the Department during the reporting period. The second section contains the statistical tables that illustrate the status of final action on IG audit reports. The third lists the audit reports which are one year or more past management decision and have not completed final action. This section also provides the status of corrective actions on each of these reports.
Fast Approximate Evaluation of OLAP Queries for Integrated Statistical Data
Shahabi, Cyrus
statistical information about energy prod- ucts from several government agencies, such as the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the Energy Information Administration, and the California Energy Commission. Our architecture has such as the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the Census Bureau, the Department of Energy's Energy Information
More visible effects of the hidden sector
Murayama, Hitoshi; Murayama, Hitoshi; Nomura, Yasunori; Poland, David
2007-09-06T23:59:59.000Z
There is a growing appreciation that hidden sector dynamics may affect the supersymmetry breaking parameters in the visible sector (supersymmetric standard model), especially when the dynamics is strong and superconformal. We point out that there are effects that have not been previously discussed in the literature. For example, the gaugino masses are suppressed relative to the gravitino mass. We discuss their implications in the context of various mediation mechanisms. The issues discussed include anomaly mediation with singlets, the mu (B mu) problem in gauge and gaugino mediation, and distinct mass spectra for the superparticles that have not been previously considered.
Hajime Fukuda; Keisuke Harigaya; Masahiro Ibe; Tsutomu T. Yanagida
2015-05-07T23:59:59.000Z
We pursue a class of visible axion models where the axion mass is enhanced by strong dynamics in a mirrored copy of the Standard Model in the line of the idea put forward by Rubakov. In particular, we examine the consistency of the models with laboratory, astrophysical, and cosmological constraints. As a result, viable parameter regions are found, where the mass of the axion is of $O(100)$ MeV or above while the Peccei-Quinn breaking scale is at around $10^{3\\mbox{-}5}$ GeV.
Fukuda, Hajime; Ibe, Masahiro; Yanagida, Tsutomu T
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We pursue a class of visible axion models where the axion mass is enhanced by strong dynamics in a mirrored copy of the Standard Model in the line of the idea put forward by Rubakov. In particular, we examine the consistency of the models with laboratory, astrophysical, and cosmological constraints. As a result, viable parameter regions are found, where the mass of the axion is of $O(100)$ MeV or above while the Peccei-Quinn breaking scale is at around $10^{3\\mbox{-}5}$ GeV.
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318 706Production (Million(MillionFeet)TotalResidentialper Thousand Cubicâ€ą See Allgo
Statistical analysis of illiquidity risk and premium in financial price signals
Khandani, Amir E. (Amir Ehsan), 1979-
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Price is the most visible signal produced by competition and interaction among a complex ecology of entities in a system called financial markets. This thesis deals with statistical analysis and model identification based ...
Visible-wavelength semiconductor lasers and arrays
Schneider, R.P. Jr.; Crawford, M.H.
1996-09-17T23:59:59.000Z
The visible semiconductor laser includes an InAlGaP active region surrounded by one or more AlGaAs layers on each side, with carbon as the sole p-type dopant. Embodiments of the invention are provided as vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) and as edge-emitting lasers (EELs). One or more transition layers comprised of a substantially indium-free semiconductor alloy such as AlAsP, AlGaAsP, or the like may be provided between the InAlGaP active region and the AlGaAS DBR mirrors or confinement layers to improve carrier injection and device efficiency by reducing any band offsets. Visible VCSEL devices fabricated according to the invention with a one-wavelength-thick (1{lambda}) optical cavity operate continuous-wave (cw) with lasing output powers up to 8 mW, and a peak power conversion efficiency of up to 11%. 5 figs.
Taylor, Stuart Glynn
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Farrar, "Energy harvesting and wireless energy transmissionet al. , "Energy harvesting and wireless energy transmissionK. M. Farinholt , et al. , "Wireless energy transmission to
J. Mark Heinzle; Claes Uggla
2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we explore stochastical and statistical properties of so-called recurring spike induced Kasner sequences. Such sequences arise in recurring spike formation, which is needed together with the more familiar BKL scenario to yield a complete description of generic spacelike singularities. In particular we derive a probability distribution for recurring spike induced Kasner sequences, complementing similar available BKL results, which makes comparisons possible. As examples of applications, we derive results for so-called large and small curvature phases and the Hubble-normalized Weyl scalar.
ARM - Historical Operational Statistics
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) | SciTechDatastreamsmplDatastreamsxsacrspeccmaskxpol7, 2013 [Facility News, FeaturePlainsGuestField Campaign Statistics
Visible light surface emitting semiconductor laser
Olbright, Gregory R. (Boulder, CO); Jewell, Jack L. (Bridgewater, NJ)
1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser is disclosed comprising a laser cavity sandwiched between two distributed Bragg reflectors. The laser cavity comprises a pair of spacer layers surrounding one or more active, optically emitting quantum-well layers having a bandgap in the visible which serve as the active optically emitting material of the device. The thickness of the laser cavity is m .lambda./2n.sub.eff where m is an integer, .lambda. is the free-space wavelength of the laser radiation and n.sub.eff is the effective index of refraction of the cavity. Electrical pumping of the laser is achieved by heavily doping the bottom mirror and substrate to one conductivity-type and heavily doping regions of the upper mirror with the opposite conductivity type to form a diode structure and applying a suitable voltage to the diode structure. Specific embodiments of the invention for generating red, green, and blue radiation are described.
Resonant Visible Light Modulation with Graphene
Yu, Renwen; de Abajo, F Javier Garcia
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Fast modulation and switching of light at visible and near-infrared (vis-NIR) frequencies is of utmost importance for optical signal processing and sensing technologies. No fundamental limit appears to prevent us from designing wavelength-sized devices capable of controlling the light phase and intensity at gigaherts (and even terahertz) speeds in those spectral ranges. However, this problem remains largely unsolved, despite recent advances in the use of quantum wells and phase-change materials for that purpose. Here, we explore an alternative solution based upon the remarkable electro-optical properties of graphene. In particular, we predict unity-order changes in the transmission and absorption of vis-NIR light produced upon electrical doping of graphene sheets coupled to realistically engineered optical cavities. The light intensity is enhanced at the graphene plane, and so is its absorption, which can be switched and modulated via Pauli blocking through varying the level of doping. Specifically, we explor...
Statistical Software - Overview
Jan De Leeuw
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Review of Statistical Software. International As- sociationStatistical Methods Need Software: A View of Statisti- calJournal of Statistical Software, 13, 2004. URL http://www.
Statistical Software - Overview
Leeuw, Jan De
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Review of Statistical Software. International As- sociationStatistical Methods Need Software: A View of Statisti- calJournal of Statistical Software, 13, 2004. URL http://www.
Generalizations of quantum statistics
O. W. Greenberg
2008-05-02T23:59:59.000Z
We review generalizations of quantum statistics, including parabose, parafermi, and quon statistics, but not including anyon statistics, which is special to two dimensions.
Computing and Introductory Statistics
Kaplan, Daniel
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
W. , (2007) “The Introductory Statistics Course: A PtolemaicTechnology Innovations in Statistics Education,1, Article 1.and Introductory Statistics Daniel T. Kaplan Macalester
Quantrum chaos and statistical nuclear physics
Not Available
1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This book contains 33 selections. Some of the titles are: Chaotic motion and statistical nuclear theory; Test of spectrum and strength fluctuations with proton resonances; Nuclear level densities and level spacing distributions; Spectral statistics of scale invariant systems; and Antiunitary symmetries and energy level statistics.
The University of Chicago Department of Statistics
The University of Chicago Department of Statistics Seminar Series DAVID VAN DYK Department of Statistics University of California, Irvine "Highly Structured Models in High Energy Astrophysics" MONDAY in Eckhart 110. ABSTRACT In recent years, an important new trend has been growing in applied statistics
Geothermal Exploration with Visible through Long Wave Infrared...
Spectrometers Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Geothermal Exploration with Visible through Long Wave Infrared Imaging...
Energy Department Announces Funding to Provide Better Visibility into the
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: AlternativePerformanceDecember2013: FederalSavannah River Site | DepartmentFuelInnovationHealth of
Key China Energy Statistics 2011
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
for raw coal Average sale price Average Coal Contract Priceand Coal Market Price for Power GenerationPrices)/Tonne Coal contract price for power generation Coal
Key China Energy Statistics 2012
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
for raw coal Average sale price Average Coal Contract Priceand Coal Market Price for Power GenerationPrices)/Tonne Coal contract price for power generation Coal
Key China Energy Statistics 2011
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Others Total Oil Refining by Product (1985-2009) AAGR MtceProduction by Product Shares Diesel Oil Fuel Oil GasolineProducts Mt Petroleum Products Mt Crude Oil Mt Gasoline Mt
Key China Energy Statistics 2012
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Others Total Oil Refining by Product (1985-2010) AAGRMtce Mt Fuel Oil Kerosene Petroleum Other Products RefineryProduction by Product Shares Fuel Oil Kerosene Petroleum
Key China Energy Statistics 2012
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
South Korea Other Crude Oil Production by Region (1985-2010)West Chinese Crude Oil Production by Regional Shares EastHenan Other Total Crude Oil Production: 209 Mt China's Crude
Key China Energy Statistics 2012
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
239 Mt World's Oil Consumption (2010) US China Japan IndiaKorea Canada Other Total World Oil Consumption: 4,028 MtTotal China Oil Consumption: 445 Mt Natural Gas Production
Key China Energy Statistics 2011
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Construction Other Oil Consumption by Sector (1980-2009) Mtto "Other". Final Oil Consumption by Sectoral SharesOil Natural Gas Note: Data based on total final consumption
Key China Energy Statistics 2012
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Xinjiang Liaoning Inner Mongolia Gansu Hebei Beijing Qinghaiin China (2010) Inner Mongolia Shanxi Shaanxi Henan GuizhouIndonesia Australia Vietnam Mongolia Russia South Africa
Key China Energy Statistics 2011
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Shanxi Heilongjiang Yunnan Ningxia Inner Mongolia (East)Guizhou Inner Mongolia (West) Qinghai Residential Gas PriceJilin Shaanxi Henan Inner Mongolia Ningxia Gansu Sichuan
Key China Energy Statistics 2011
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and derived fuels (coke, coke oven gas, and other cokingMt Briquettes Mt Coke Mt Coke Oven Gas Billion m 3 Other GasCoal Gas not Coke Other Total Oven Gas Coke Source Products
Key China Energy Statistics 2012
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and derived fuels (coke, coke oven gas, and other cokingMt Briquettes Mt Coke Mt Coke Oven Gas Billion m 3 Other GasCoal Gas not Coke Other Total Oven Gas Coke Source Products
Key China Energy Statistics 2011
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Source Products Petroleum Indigenous Production IndigenousGas Petroleum Other Products Refinery Production by ProductPetroleum Other Products Natural Gas Indigenous Production
Key China Energy Statistics 2012
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Source Products Petroleum Indigenous Production IndigenousSource Products Petroleum Indigenous Production IndigenousGasoline Liquid Petroleum Gas Refinery Production by Product
Key China Energy Statistics 2011
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
China Oil Use Refinery Loss/Self Use Residential Power Generation/Heat Commerce, Const. , Agriculture, Gov.
Key China Energy Statistics 2012
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
China Oil Use Refinery Loss/Self Use Residential Power Generation/Heat Commerce, Const. , Agriculture, Gov.
Key China Energy Statistics 2012
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Heating Supply Coal Washing Coking Petroleum Refineries GasHeating Supply Coal Washing Coking Petroleum Refineries GasRefueling in China Coal Washing Coking Petroleum Refineries
Key China Energy Statistics 2011
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Heating Supply Coal Washing Coking Petroleum Refineries GasPower Heating Supply Coal Washing Coking Total ConsumptionHeating Supply Coal Washing Coking Petroleum Refineries Gas
Key China Energy Statistics 2012
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
billion m 3 Total China Natural Gas Consumption: 126 billionTotal China Oil Consumption: 445 Mt Natural Gas ProductionNatural Gas Consumption (2010) United States Russia Iran China
Key China Energy Statistics 2011
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
China's Fuel Combustion CO 2 Emissions by Fuel Mt CO 2 Coal Oil Natural Gas Note: Data based on total final consumption
Key China Energy Statistics 2012
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Australia South Korea Other Crude Oil Production by Region (Central North West Chinese Crude Oil Production by RegionalSouth Central North West Crude Oil Producing Provinces in
Key China Energy Statistics 2011
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Mtce) AAGR Coal Raw Crude Oil Primary Electricity NaturalFuel Shares * Coal Raw Crude Oil Primary Electricity NaturalOthers Others Total Total Crude Oil Production by Region (
Key China Energy Statistics 2011
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Oil Primary Electricity Natural Gas TPE by Fuel Shares *Oil Primary Electricity Natural Gas * Excludes internationalTotal Philippines Total Natural Gas Production by Region (
Key China Energy Statistics 2012
Levine, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Production (Mtce) Coal Oil Natural Gas Nuclear Hydro WindSource Shares* Coal Oil Natural Gas Nuclear Hydro Wind OtherOil Consumption: 445 Mt Natural Gas Production by Region (
Universality level statistics disordered systems Heiko Bauke* and Stephan Mertens
Mertens, Stephan
k #8# check assumption statistically independent energy levels measured distribution of # kUniversality level statistics disordered systems Heiko Bauke* and Stephan Mertens + Institut published August 2004) Energy spectra disordered systems share a common feature: If entropy quenched
Problems on Non-Equilibrium Statistical Physics
Kim, Moochan
2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z
Four problems in non-equilibrium statistical physics are investigated: 1. The thermodynamics of single-photon gas; 2. Energy of the ground state in Multi-electron atoms; 3. Energy state of the H2 molecule; and 4. The ...
Fringe visibility estimators for the Palomar Testbed Interferometer
Fringe visibility estimators for the Palomar Testbed Interferometer Draft: January 23, 1998 Abstract The Palomar Testbed Interferometer PTI is a long-baseline in- frared interferometer installed at Palomar Observatory, California. One operational mode of PTI is single-baseline visibility measure- ments
Fringe visibility estimators for the Palomar Testbed Interferometer
Fringe visibility estimators for the Palomar Testbed Interferometer Draft: February 18, 1998 Abstract The Palomar Testbed Interferometer (PTI) is a longbaseline in frared interferometer installed at Palomar Observatory, California. One operational mode of PTI is singlebaseline visibility measure ments
Weiss, V. N.
General Electric's program of energy management and conservation continues to provide significant savings in energy costs in a climate of increasing energy prices and reduced visibility and promotion nationally. In 1984, General Electric energy use...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) |govInstrumentsmfrirt DocumentationSitesWeather6 Shares of U.S.CareerPASTChemistry andPhysicsClean theClockingAPEX Genepool
The Annals of Statistics 2013, Vol. 41, No. 5, 22632291
Tibshirani, Ryan
of statistics used in two-sample and independence testing: on the one hand, the energy distances and distance that the energy distance most commonly employed in statistics is just one member of a parametric family of kernels of energy distance-based statistics is their compact repre- sentation in terms of certain expectations
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Department of Energy System SafetyFALL6-OPAMConference Call Minutes65 FY 2007Statistical Table
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
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Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Department of Energy System SafetyFALL6-OPAMConference CallStatistical Table by Appropriation
FISHERY STATISTICS UNITED STATES
FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1972 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 66 Prepared by STATISTICS;ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The data in this edition of "Fishery Statistics of the United States" were collected in co- operation with the various States and tabulated by the staff of the Statistics and Market News Division
NONE
1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report presents historical energy statistics on all major energy activities. The statistics cover consumption, production, trade, stock, and prices, for all major energy commodities including fossil fuels, electricity, and renewable energy sources.
Review of activities and plans for solar energy in Federal buildings
Not Available
1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this report is to provide the Department of Energy's Solar Federal Buildings Program with data on the Federal agencies' activities and plans regarding the use of solar energy in their buildings, and consequently, to make recommendations concerning the Solar Federal Buildings Program's plans. Specifically this report encompasses an analysis of agencies Ten Year Buildings construction, leasing and retrofit plans to provide visibility for and detailed knowledge of Federal agencies planning regarding solar and other renewable energy resources. The results of the analysis conducted, pertinent statistical information regarding planned solar projects, and recommendations concerning the SFBP plans are presented.
Zhou, Yuanyuan
"" Everyone has heard the statistics about how much of an energy hog IT has become: The emissions that of the U.S. as a whole! Given the significant energy consumption of data centers, improving their energy efficiency is an important social problem. However, energy efficiency is necessary but not sufficient
Visible spectroscopic imaging on the Alcator C-Mod tokamak
Boswell, C. J. (Christopher James), 1974-
2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This dissertation reports on the development of a diagnostic visible imaging system on the Alcator C-Mod tokamak and the results from that system. The dissertation asserts the value of this system as a qualitative and ...
VRCodes : embedding unobtrusive data for new devices in visible light
Woo, Grace R
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis envisions a public space populated with active visible surfaces which appear different to a camera than to the human eye. Thus, they can act as general digital interfaces that transmit machine-compatible data ...
Taylor, Stuart Glynn
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Turbine," in 2002 ASME Wind Energy Symposium , 2002, pp.turbine," in 2001 ASME Wind Energy Symposium , 2001, pp.Program," in 2001 ASME Wind Energy Symposium , 2001, pp.
China Energy Databook - Rev. 4
Sinton Editor, J.E.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
containing monthly energy production statistics] ChinaReserves Chapter IL Energy Production Chapter III. EnergyCountries CHAPTER II. ENERGY PRODUCTION 1. Primary Energy
STATISTICAL MECHANICS PRACTICE EXAM 2005
Dorlas, Teunis C.
STATISTICAL MECHANICS PRACTICE EXAM 2005 Time allotted: 3 hours for 5 questions. 1. (i) Give density of a system of independent spins si = ±1 with energy levels given by E(s1, . . . , sN ) = -H N i=1 si. 2. (i) Derive the expression f() = - 1 ln eJ cosh H + e2J sinh2 H + e-2J for the free energy
Levis, Philip
- bility metric to evaluate and compare protocols, where visi- bility is defined as the energy cost, to increase its visibility and efficiency. 1 Introduction Traditional metrics for sensornet protocol design in network protocols, in order to isolate the causes of failure and address them. If we could trace all
Holtz, Mark
Self-heating in a GaN based heterostructure field effect transistor: Ultraviolet and visible Raman online 8 December 2006 We report direct self-heating measurements for AlGaN/GaN heterostructure field density can be commensurately high, collisional energy loss from electrons to the crystal leads to self-heating
Astrophysical Thermonuclear Functions for Boltzmann-Gibbs Statistics and Tsallis Statistics
R. K. Saxena; A. M. Mathai; H. J. Haubold
2004-06-22T23:59:59.000Z
We present an analytic proof of the integrals for astrophysical thermonuclear functions which are derived on the basis of Boltzmann-Gibbs statistical mechanics. Among the four different cases of astrophysical thermonuclear functions, those with a depleted high-energy tail and a cut-off at high energies find a natural interpretation in q-statistics.
Statistical method to determine some properties of atoms
Roma "La Sapienza", Universitŕ di
, the energy of an electron will be -e V , hence, accord- ing to the classical statistics, the electrons case the classical statistics held, we would have an average elec- trons kinetic energy = 3 2 kStatistical method to determine some properties of atoms Enrico Fermi, Rendiconti Lincei , 6, 602
Landscape statistics of the low autocorrelated binary string problem
Stadler, Peter F.
, NM 87501, USA Abstract. The statistical properties of the energy landscape of the low autocorrelated]. In this contribution we carry out a thorough investigation of the statistical properties of the energy landscapeLandscape statistics of the low autocorrelated binary string problem Fernando F. Ferreira a , Jos
Landscape statistics of the low autocorrelated binary string problem
Stadler, Peter F.
, NM 87501, USA Abstract. The statistical properties of the energy landscape of the low autocorrelated]. In this contribution we carry out a thorough investigation of the statistical properties of the energy landscapeLandscape statistics of the low autocorrelated binary string problem Fernando F. Ferreiraa , Jos
Bender, Jason D.; Doraiswamy, Sriram; Candler, Graham V., E-mail: truhlar@umn.edu, E-mail: candler@aem.umn.edu [Department of Aerospace Engineering and Mechanics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 (United States); Truhlar, Donald G., E-mail: truhlar@umn.edu, E-mail: candler@aem.umn.edu [Department of Chemistry, Chemical Theory Center, and Supercomputing Institute, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 (United States)
2014-02-07T23:59:59.000Z
Fitting potential energy surfaces to analytic forms is an important first step for efficient molecular dynamics simulations. Here, we present an improved version of the local interpolating moving least squares method (L-IMLS) for such fitting. Our method has three key improvements. First, pairwise interactions are modeled separately from many-body interactions. Second, permutational invariance is incorporated in the basis functions, using permutationally invariant polynomials in Morse variables, and in the weight functions. Third, computational cost is reduced by statistical localization, in which we statistically correlate the cutoff radius with data point density. We motivate our discussion in this paper with a review of global and local least-squares-based fitting methods in one dimension. Then, we develop our method in six dimensions, and we note that it allows the analytic evaluation of gradients, a feature that is important for molecular dynamics. The approach, which we call statistically localized, permutationally invariant, local interpolating moving least squares fitting of the many-body potential (SL-PI-L-IMLS-MP, or, more simply, L-IMLS-G2), is used to fit a potential energy surface to an electronic structure dataset for N{sub 4}. We discuss its performance on the dataset and give directions for further research, including applications to trajectory calculations.
Derrien, H.; Harvey, J.A.; Larson, N.M.; Leal, L.C.; Wright, R.Q.
2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
The average {sup 235}U neutron total cross sections were obtained in the energy range 2 keV to 330 keV from high-resolution transmission measurements of a 0.033 atom/b sample.1 The experimental data were corrected for the contribution of isotope impurities and for resonance self-shielding effects in the sample. The results are in very good agreement with the experimental data of Poenitz et al.4 in the energy range 40 keV to 330 keV and are the only available accurate experimental data in the energy range 2 keV to 40 keV. ENDF/B-VI evaluated data are 1.7% larger. The SAMMY/FITACS code 2 was used for a statistical model analysis of the total cross section, selected fission cross sections and data in the energy range 2 keV to 200 keV. SAMMY/FITACS is an extended version of SAMMY which allows consistent analysis of the experimental data in the resolved and unresolved resonance region. The Reich-Moore resonance parameters were obtained 3 from a SAMMY Bayesian fits of high resolution experimental neutron transmission and partial cross section data below 2.25 keV, and the corresponding average parameters and covariance data were used in the present work as input for the statistical model analysis of the high energy range of the experimental data. The result of the analysis shows that the average resonance parameters obtained from the analysis of the unresolved resonance region are consistent with those obtained in the resolved energy region. Another important result is that ENDF/B-VI capture cross section could be too small by more than 10% in the energy range 10 keV to 200 keV.
International petroleum statistics report
NONE
1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
The International Petroleum Statistics Report is a monthly publication that provides current international oil data. This report is published for the use of Members of Congress, Federal agencies, State agencies, industry, and the general public. Publication of this report is in keeping with responsibilities given the Energy Information Administration in Public Law 95-91. The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1995; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1995; and OECD trade from 1985 through 1995.
Statistical Mechanics of Black Holes
B. Harms; Y. Leblanc
1992-05-11T23:59:59.000Z
We analyze the statistical mechanics of a gas of neutral and charged black holes. The microcanonical ensemble is the only possible approach to this system, and the equilibrium configuration is the one for which most of the energy is carried by a single black hole. Schwarzschild black holes are found to obey the statistical bootstrap condition. In all cases, the microcanonical temperature is identical to the Hawking temperature of the most massive black hole in the gas. U(1) charges in general break the bootstrap property. The problems of black hole decay and of quantum coherence are also addressed.
On diagram algebras and statistical mechanics
Haase, Markus
to discuss relationship structures of towers of diagram algebras statistical mechanical models of many body framework H may have interpretation of Energy (ergodic hypothesis) (as in, the more energy required to sustain a state s, the less likely we are to be in it -- idea being that high energy states are less
None
2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Annual Energy Review (AER) is the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) primary report of annual historical energy statistics. For many series, data begin with the year 1949. Included are statistics on total energy production, consumption, trade, and energy prices; overviews of petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, nuclear energy, renewable energy, and international energy; financial and environment indicators; and data unit conversions.
Algorithms for the Automatic Identification of MARFEs and UFOs in JET Database of Visible Camera Videos
Interpreting Accident Statistics
Ferreira, Joseph Jr.
Accident statistics have often been used to support the argument that an abnormally small proportion of drivers account for a large proportion of the accidents. This paper compares statistics developed from six-year data ...
Statistical Language Modelling
Gotoh, Yoshihiko; Renals, Steve
2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
the underlying models from large amounts of data. Importantly, such statistical approaches often produce useful results. Statistical approaches seem especially well-suited to spoken language which is often spontaneous or conversational and not readily amenable...
Statistics 36-756: Advanced Statistics II Syllabus: Fall, 2006
Fienberg, Stephen E.
, Journal of the American Statistical Association, Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, StatisticalStatistics 36-756: Advanced Statistics II Syllabus: Fall, 2006 Instructor: Stephen E. Fienberg 132G: · To consider major topics from statistical theory and the foundations of inference not covered in Statistics 36
Physics 630 Statistical Physics
Kioussis, Nicholas
strongly the issue of problem solving and understanding of the main concepts in Statistical PhysicsPhysics 630 Statistical Physics Spring 2005 Logistics Lecture Room: 1100 (Science I, 1st floor (Supplement) Introduction to Modern Statistical Mechanics, by David Chandler, Oxford Objectives This course
STATISTICAL COMPUTING AND GRAPHICS
Masci, Frank
Marron for a helpful comment. @ 1997 American Statistical Association bin width should be chosen soSTATISTICAL COMPUTING AND GRAPHICS Data-Based Choice of Histogram Bin Width The most important of the "optimal" bin width. Default bin widths in most common statistical packages are, at least for large samples
MATHMATICS & APPLIED STATISTICS
Frey, Jesse C.
MATHMATICS & APPLIED STATISTICS Graduate Studies in Build Your Future with Graduate Study in Mathematics or Applied Statistics Our graduate programs can help you advance your career in education will deepen your knowledge and prepare you for further study. The Master of Science in Applied Statistics
Energy Efficiency Services Sector: Workforce Size and Expectations for Growth
Goldman, Charles
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of Labor Statistics. Energy Efficiency Services Sector:Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency and Renewable EnergyDepartment of Energy, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
Statistical Convergence and Convergence in Statistics
Mark Burgin; Oktay Duman
2006-12-07T23:59:59.000Z
Statistical convergence was introduced in connection with problems of series summation. The main idea of the statistical convergence of a sequence l is that the majority of elements from l converge and we do not care what is going on with other elements. We show (Section 2) that being mathematically formalized the concept of statistical convergence is directly connected to convergence of such statistical characteristics as the mean and standard deviation. At the same time, it known that sequences that come from real life sources, such as measurement and computation, do not allow, in a general case, to test whether they converge or statistically converge in the strict mathematical sense. To overcome limitations induced by vagueness and uncertainty of real life data, neoclassical analysis has been developed. It extends the scope and results of the classical mathematical analysis by applying fuzzy logic to conventional mathematical objects, such as functions, sequences, and series. The goal of this work is the further development of neoclassical analysis. This allows us to reflect and model vagueness and uncertainty of our knowledge, which results from imprecision of measurement and inaccuracy of computation. In the context on the theory of fuzzy limits, we develop the structure of statistical fuzzy convergence and study its properties.
Making Sustainability Visible: Two Early Childhood Education Centers
Making Sustainability Visible: Two Early Childhood Education Centers Jenny Young, Anna Liu evaluation compares two early childhood education centers built in 2007 in two very different parts of rural-occupancy, sustainability, children INTRODUCTION: COMPARING TWO CENTERS FOR EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION Redwood Early
Accepted Manuscript Visible Models for Interactive Pattern Recognition
Nagy, George
in interactive visual classification. The visible model of an object to be recognized is an abstraction classification, faster than unaided human classification, and that both machine and human performance improve Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY 12180 USA. He is now with the National Library of Medicine, Bldg. 38A, Rm. 10S
ARM - Historical Field Campaign Statistics
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) | SciTechDatastreamsmplDatastreamsxsacrspeccmaskxpol7, 2013 [Facility News, FeaturePlainsGuestField Campaign Statistics 2015
An overview of component qualification using Bayesian statistics...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
Technical Report: An overview of component qualification using Bayesian statistics and energy methods. Citation Details In-Document Search Title: An overview of component...
Statistics and the Modern Student
Robert Gould
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Technology Innovations in Statistics Education, 3(1). Wild,the "wider view" of statistics, The American Statistician,a History of Teaching Statistics, Edinburgh: John Bibby (
Statistics and the Modern Student
Gould, Robert
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Technology Innovations in Statistics Education, 3(1). Wild,the "wider view" of statistics, The American Statistician,a History of Teaching Statistics, Edinburgh: John Bibby (
BS in STATISTICS: Statistical Science Emphasis (695220) MAP Sheet Department of Statistics
Dahl, David B.
BS in STATISTICS: Statistical Science Emphasis (695220) MAP Sheet Department of Statistics the following: Stat 121 Principles of Statistics Stat 151 Introduction to Bayesian Statistics Stat 201 Statistics for Engineers & Scientists Stat 301 Statistics & Probability for Sec Ed Note: Students who have
Statistics 221 Statistical Computing Methods Instructor: Mark Irwin
Irwin, Mark E.
Linear algebra, Statistics 111, and knowledge of a computer programming language. Statistics 220 (1988). Elements of Statistical Computing: Numerical Computation. CRC Press. Splus / R: Venables WNStatistics 221 Â Statistical Computing Methods Instructor: Mark Irwin Office: Science Center 235
Springer Series in Statistics Springer Series in Statistics
Cappé, Olivier
Springer Series in Statistics Springer Series in Statistics Inference in Hidden Markov Models class of statistical models with applications in diverse areas such as communications engineering models, including both algo- rithms and statistical theory. Topics range from filtering and smoothing
A computational introduction to quantum statistics using harmonically trapped particles
Ligare, Martin
and multiplicities. The examples illustrate the effect of quantum statistics on the sharing of energy between weaklyA computational introduction to quantum statistics using harmonically trapped particles Martin the statistical definition of entropy and the second law of thermodynamics [Am. J. Phys. 65, 26 (1997)]. I
Nonequilibrium fluctuations, fluctuation theorems, and counting statistics in quantum systems
Mukamel, Shaul
equations and Green's functions techniques for computing the energy and particle statistics are presentedNonequilibrium fluctuations, fluctuation theorems, and counting statistics in quantum systems 1665 II. Two-Point Measurement Statistics 1668 A. The forward probability 1668 B. The time
Practical Statistical Thinking Probability: The Language of Statistics
Practical Statistical Thinking Probability: The Language of Statistics Essentials of Statistics and Probability Dhruv Sharma May 22, 2007 Department of Statistics, NC State University dbsharma@ncsu.edu SAMSI Undergrad Workshop Dhruv Sharma Essentials of Statistics and Probability #12;Practical Statistical Thinking
1 Statistics Statistics plays an important role throughout society, providing
Vertes, Akos
1 Statistics STATISTICS Statistics plays an important role throughout society, providing data. They also explore how those skills can be applied to develop new initiatives. Statistics is one. UNDERGRADUATE Bachelor's program · Bachelor of Science with a major in statistics (http:// bulletin.gwu.edu/arts-sciences/statistics
Edinburgh Research Explorer Statistical Constraints
Millar, Andrew J.
Edinburgh Research Explorer Statistical Constraints Citation for published version: Rossi, R that links statistics and constraint programming. We dis- cuss two novel statistical constraints and some, Prestwich, S & Tarim, SA 2014, 'Statistical Constraints' Paper presented at 21st biennial European
Energy Performance Indicator Tool | Department of Energy
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
statistical technique that estimates the dependence of a variable (typically energy consumption for energy use and intensity tracking) on one or more independent variables, such...
Gibraltar: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information
Energy Company 0 Research Institutions Add a Research Institution References UN Statistics Division CIA World Factbook, Appendix D Reegle Clean Energy Datasets...
Bermuda: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information
Energy Company 0 Research Institutions Add a Research Institution References UN Statistics Division CIA World Factbook, Appendix D Reegle Clean Energy Datasets Bermuda...
Falkland Islands: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information
Energy Company 0 Research Institutions Add a Research Institution References UN Statistics Division CIA World Factbook, Appendix D Reegle Clean Energy Datasets The...
F. Benatti; M. Fannes
1998-11-26T23:59:59.000Z
We use multi-time correlation functions of quantum systems to construct random variables with statistical properties that reflect the degree of complexity of the underlying quantum dynamics.
Kevin Cahill
2006-12-24T23:59:59.000Z
The way a field transforms under rotations determines its statistics--as is easy to see for scalar, Dirac, and vector fields.
Interference Visibility as a Witness of Entanglement and Quantum Correlation
Lin Zhang; Arun Kumar Pati; Junde Wu
2014-10-30T23:59:59.000Z
In quantum information and communication one looks for the non-classical features like interference and quantum correlations to harness the true power of composite systems. We show how the concept akin to interference is, in fact, intertwined in a quantitative manner to entanglement and quantum correlation. In particular, we prove that the difference in the squared visibility for a density operator before and after a complete measurement, averaged over all unitary evolutions, is directly related to the quantum correlation measure based on the measurement disturbance. For pure and mixed bipartite states the unitary average of the squared visibility is related to entanglement measure. This may constitute direct detection of entanglement and quantum correlations with quantum interference setups. Furthermore, we prove that for a fixed purity of the subsystem state, there is a complementarity relation between the linear entanglement of formation and the measurement disturbance. This brings out a quantitative difference between two kinds of quantum correlations.
Visibility bound caused by a distinguishable noise particle
Miroslav Gavenda; Lucie Celechovska; Jan Soubusta; Miloslav Dusek; Radim Filip
2011-03-11T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate how distinguishability of a "noise" particle degrades interference of the "signal" particle. The signal, represented by an equatorial state of a photonic qubit, is mixed with noise, represented by another photonic qubit, via linear coupling on the beam splitter. We report on the degradation of the "signal" photon interference depending on the degree of indistinguishability between "signal" and "noise" photon. When the photons are principally completely distinguishable but technically indistinguishable the visibility drops to the value 1/sqrt(2). As the photons become more indistinguishable the maximal visibility increases and reaches the unit value for completely indistinguishable photons. We have examined this effect experimentally using setup with fiber optics two-photon Mach-Zehnder interferometer.
Multipath Reflections Analysis on Indoor Visible Light Positioning System
Gu, Wenjun; Kavehrad, Mohsen
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Visible light communication (VLC) has become a promising research topic in recent years, and finds its wide applications in indoor environments. Particularly, for location based services (LBS), visible light also provides a practical solution for indoor positioning. Multipath-induced dispersion is one of the major concerns for complex indoor environments. It affects not only the communication performance but also the positioning accuracy. In this paper, we investigate the impact of multipath reflections on the positioning accuracy of indoor VLC positioning systems. Combined Deterministic and Modified Monte Carlo (CDMMC) approach is applied to estimate the channel impulse response considering multipath reflections. Since the received signal strength (RSS) information is used for the positioning algorithm, the power distribution from one transmitter in a typical room configuration is first calculated. Then, the positioning accuracy in terms of root mean square error is obtained and analyzed.
Electrically injected visible vertical cavity surface emitting laser diodes
Schneider, R.P.; Lott, J.A.
1994-09-27T23:59:59.000Z
Visible laser light output from an electrically injected vertical cavity surface emitting laser (VSCEL) diode is enabled by the addition of phase-matching spacer layers on either side of the active region to form the optical cavity. The spacer layers comprise InAlP which act as charge carrier confinement means. Distributed Bragg reflector layers are formed on either side of the optical cavity to act as mirrors. 5 figs.
DESIGN OF VISIBLE DIAGNOSTIC BEAMLINE FOR NSLS2 STORAGE RING
Cheng, W.; Fernandes, H.; Hseuh, H.; Kosciuk, B.; Krinsky, S.; Singh, O.
2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z
A visible synchrotron light monitor (SLM) beam line has been designed at the NSLS2 storage ring, using the bending magnet radiation. A retractable thin absorber will be placed in front of the first mirror to block the central x-rays. The first mirror will reflect the visible light through a vacuum window. The light is guided by three 6-inch diameter mirrors into the experiment hutch. In this paper, we will describe design work on various optical components in the beamline. The ultra high brightness NSLS-II storage ring is under construction at Brookhaven National Laboratory. It will have 3GeV, 500mA electron beam circulating in the 792m ring, with very low emittance (0.9nm.rad horizontal and 8pm.rad vertical). The ring is composed of 30 DBA cells with 15 fold symmetry. Three damping wigglers will be installed in long straight sections 8, 18 and 28 to lower the emittance. While electrons pass through the bending magnet, synchrotron radiation will be generated covering a wide spectrum. There are other insertion devices in the storage ring which will generate shorter wavelength radiation as well. Synchrotron radiation has been widely used as diagnostic tool to measure the transverse and longitudinal profile. Three synchrotron light beam lines dedicated for diagnostics are under design and construction for the NSLS-II storage ring: two x-ray beam lines (pinhole and CRL) with the source points from Cell 22 BM{_}A (first bending in the DBA cell) and Cell22 three-pole wiggler; the third beam line is using visible part of radiation from Cell 30 BM{_}B (second bending magnet from the cell). Our paper focuses on the design of the visible beam line - SLM.
Reflection beamshifts of visible light due to graphene
Hermosa, N
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
I present theoretical calculations of reflection beamshifts, Goos-H\\"anchen and Imbert-Fedorov shifts, due to the presence of a monolayer graphene on a dielectric media when using a beam with wavelength in the visible range. Specifically, I look at beamshifts for different polarization states (p, s, $45^0$, $\\sigma^+$). The Goos-H\\"anchen shifts I calculated are in good agreement with results of a recent experiment. I will discuss other possible experimental routes to determine beamshifts in graphene.
Stellar Evolution A Statistical Model
van Dyk, David
Stellar Evolution A Statistical Model Statistical Computation Analysis of the Hyades Cluster Statistical Analysis of Stellar Evolution David A. van Dyk1 Steven DeGennaro2 Nathan Stein2 William H Statistical Analysis of Stellar Evolution #12;Stellar Evolution A Statistical Model Statistical Computation
Kulik, Rafal
R for Statistics Rafal Kulik Department of Mathematics and Statistics University of Ottawa Statistical Society of Ottawa 23 September 2011 Rafal Kulik #12;R for Statistics SSO meeting Plan Rafal Kulik 1 #12;R for Statistics SSO meeting Plan What is R? Rafal Kulik 1 #12;R for Statistics SSO meeting
Laser-ablated active doping technique for visible spectroscopy measurements on Z.
Gomez, Matthew Robert
2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
Visible spectroscopy is a powerful diagnostic, allowing plasma parameters ranging from temperature and density to electric and magnetic fields to be measured. Spectroscopic dopants are commonly introduced to make these measurements. On Z, dopants are introduced passively (i.e. a salt deposited on a current-carrying surface); however, in some cases, passive doping can limit the times and locations at which measurements can be made. Active doping utilizes an auxiliary energy source to disperse the dopant independently from the rest of the experiment. The objective of this LDRD project was to explore laser ablation as a method of actively introducing spectroscopic dopants. Ideally, the laser energy would be delivered to the dopant via fiber optic, which would eliminate the need for time-intensive laser alignments in the Z chamber. Experiments conducted in a light lab to assess the feasibility of fibercoupled and open-beam laser-ablated doping are discussed.
Evans, Joshua D., E-mail: jevans2@mcvh-vcu.edu; Yu, Yaduo; Williamson, Jeffrey F. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23298 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23298 (United States); Whiting, Bruce R. [Department of Radiology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States)] [Department of Radiology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); O’Sullivan, Joseph A. [Department of Electrical and Systems Engineering, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63130 (United States)] [Department of Electrical and Systems Engineering, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63130 (United States); Politte, David G. [Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63110 (United States)] [Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63110 (United States); Klahr, Paul H. [Philips Healthcare, 595 Miner Rd., Highland Hts., Ohio 44143 (United States)] [Philips Healthcare, 595 Miner Rd., Highland Hts., Ohio 44143 (United States)
2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
Purpose: Accurate patient-specific photon cross-section information is needed to support more accurate model-based dose calculation for low energy photon-emitting modalities in medicine such as brachytherapy and kilovoltage x-ray imaging procedures. A postprocessing dual-energy CT (pDECT) technique for noninvasivein vivo estimation of photon linear attenuation coefficients has been experimentally implemented on a commercial CT scanner and its accuracy assessed in idealized phantom geometries. Methods: Eight test materials of known composition and density were used to compare pDECT-estimated linear attenuation coefficients to NIST reference values over an energy range from 10 keV to 1 MeV. As statistical image reconstruction (SIR) has been shown to reconstruct images with less random and systematic error than conventional filtered backprojection (FBP), the pDECT technique was implemented with both an in-house polyenergetic SIR algorithm, alternating minimization (AM), as well as a conventional FBP reconstruction algorithm. Improvement from increased spectral separation was also investigated by filtering the high-energy beam with an additional 0.5 mm of tin. The law of propagated uncertainty was employed to assess the sensitivity of the pDECT process to errors in reconstructed images. Results: Mean pDECT-estimated linear attenuation coefficients for the eight test materials agreed within 1% of NIST reference values for energies from 1 MeV down to 30 keV, with mean errors rising to between 3% and 6% at 10 keV, indicating that the method is unbiased when measurement and calibration phantom geometries are matched. Reconstruction with FBP and AM algorithms conferred similar mean pDECT accuracy. However, single-voxel pDECT estimates reconstructed on a 1 × 1 × 3 mm{sup 3} grid are shown to be highly sensitive to reconstructed image uncertainty; in some cases pDECT attenuation coefficient estimates exhibited standard deviations on the order of 20% around the mean. Reconstruction with the statistical AM algorithm led to standard deviations roughly 40% to 60% less than FBP reconstruction. Additional tin filtration of the high energy beam exhibits similar pDECT estimation accuracy as the unfiltered beam, even when scanning with only 25% of the dose. Using the law of propagated uncertainty, low Z materials are found to be more sensitive to image reconstruction errors than high Z materials. Furthermore, it is estimated that reconstructed CT image uncertainty must be limited to less than 0.25% to achieve a target linear-attenuation coefficient estimation uncertainty of 3% at 28 keV. Conclusions: That pDECT supports mean linear attenuation coefficient measurement accuracies of 1% of reference values for energies greater than 30 keV is encouraging. However, the sensitivity of the pDECT measurements to noise and systematic errors in reconstructed CT images warrants further investigation in more complex phantom geometries. The investigated statistical reconstruction algorithm, AM, reduced random measurement uncertainty relative to FBP owing to improved noise performance. These early results also support efforts to increase DE spectral separation, which can further reduce the pDECT sensitivity to measurement uncertainty.
Statistical Mechanics of Two-dimensional Foams
Marc Durand
2010-09-07T23:59:59.000Z
The methods of statistical mechanics are applied to two-dimensional foams under macroscopic agitation. A new variable -- the total cell curvature -- is introduced, which plays the role of energy in conventional statistical thermodynamics. The probability distribution of the number of sides for a cell of given area is derived. This expression allows to correlate the distribution of sides ("topological disorder") to the distribution of sizes ("geometrical disorder") in a foam. The model predictions agree well with available experimental data.
Weakly sufficient quantum statistics
Katarzyna Lubnauer; Andrzej ?uczak; Hanna Pods?dkowska
2009-11-23T23:59:59.000Z
Some aspects of weak sufficiency of quantum statistics are investigated. In particular, we give necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of a weakly sufficient statistic for a given family of vector states, investigate the problem of its minimality, and find the relation between weak sufficiency and other notions of sufficiency employed so far.
Grunwald, Sabine
Comparison of multivariate methods for inferential modeling of soil carbon using visible Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy Visible/near-infrared spectroscopy Multivariate calibration Pre multivariate techniques (stepwise multiple linear regression, principal components regression, partial least
Statistical laws in linguistics
Altmann, Eduardo G
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Zipf's law is just one out of many universal laws proposed to describe statistical regularities in language. Here we review and critically discuss how these laws can be statistically interpreted, fitted, and tested (falsified). The modern availability of large databases of written text allows for tests with an unprecedent statistical accuracy and also a characterization of the fluctuations around the typical behavior. We find that fluctuations are usually much larger than expected based on simplifying statistical assumptions (e.g., independence and lack of correlations between observations).These simplifications appear also in usual statistical tests so that the large fluctuations can be erroneously interpreted as a falsification of the law. Instead, here we argue that linguistic laws are only meaningful (falsifiable) if accompanied by a model for which the fluctuations can be computed (e.g., a generative model of the text). The large fluctuations we report show that the constraints imposed by linguistic laws...
Baranger, Harold U.
; published 5 July 2005 Despite considerable work on the energy-level and wave function statistics substantial disagreement in several statistics which involve both integrating over space and different energy over space. Here we particularly study statistics involving both different energies and integration
Observation of two visible Dicke-superradiant transitions in atomic europium (*)
Boyer, Edmond
L-123 Observation of two visible Dicke-superradiant transitions in atomic europium (*) C visible pour les raies de l'europium ŕ 03BB = 557,7 nm et 03BB = 545,3 nm. Le caractčre superradiant de report the first experimental evidence of visible superradiance for the europium lines at 03BB = 557.7 nm
Wave initiation in the ferroin-catalysed BelousovZhabotinsky reaction with visible light
Wave initiation in the ferroin-catalysed BelousovZhabotinsky reaction with visible light Rita, Accepted 7th January 2000 The initiation of chemical reactiondiusion waves by visible light of wavelength observations are in contrast to the inhibitory eect of visible light in the light-sensitive Ru-catalysed BZ
Can a many-nucleon structure be visible in bremsstrahlung emission during $\\alpha$ decay?
Maydanyuk, Sergei P; Zou, Li-Ping
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We analyze if the nucleon structure of the $\\alpha$ decaying nucleus can be visible in the experimental bremsstrahlung spectra of the emitted photons which accompany such a decay. We develop a new formalism of the bremsstrahlung model taking into account distribution of nucleons in the $\\alpha$ decaying nuclear system. We conclude the following: (1) After inclusion of the nucleon structure into the model the calculated bremsstrahlung spectrum is changed very slowly for a majority of the $\\alpha$ decaying nuclei. However, we have observed that visible changes really exist for the $^{106}{\\rm Te}$ nucleus ($Q_{\\alpha}=4.29$ MeV, $T_{1/2}$=70 mks) even for the energy of the emitted photons up to 1 MeV. This nucleus is a good candidate for future experimental study of this task. (2) Inclusion of the nucleon structure into the model increases the bremsstrahlung probability of the emitted photons. (3) We find the following tendencies for obtaining the nuclei, which have bremsstrahlung spectra more sensitive to the ...
Kim, Jongyul [Neutron Science Division, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon 305-353 (Korea, Republic of); Nuclear and Quantum Engineering Department, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Kye Hong; Lim, Chang Hwy; Kim, Taejoo [Neutron Science Division, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon 305-353 (Korea, Republic of); Ahn, Chi Won [Nano Fusion Technology Division, National Nanofab Center, Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of); Cho, Gyuseong [Nuclear and Quantum Engineering Department, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Seung Wook [School of Mechanical Engineering, Pusan National University, Pusan 609-735 (Korea, Republic of)
2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
The fabrication of gratings including metal deposition processes for highly neutron absorbing lines is a critical issue to achieve a good visibility of the grating-based phase imaging system. The source grating for a neutron Talbot-Lau interferometer is an array of Gadolinium (Gd) structures that are generally made by sputtering, photo-lithography, and chemical wet etching. However, it is very challenging to fabricate a Gd structure with sufficient neutron attenuation of approximately more than 20 {mu}m using a conventional metal deposition method because of the slow Gd deposition rate, film stress, high material cost, and so on. In this article, we fabricated the source gratings for neutron Talbot-Lau interferometers by filling the silicon structure with Gadox particles. The new fabrication method allowed us a very stable and efficient way to achieve a much higher Gadox filled structure than a Gd film structure, and is even more suitable for thermal polychromatic neutrons, which are more difficult to stop than cold neutrons. The newly fabricated source gratings were tested at the polychromatic thermal neutron grating interferometer system of HANARO at the Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, and the visibilities and images from the neutron phase imaging system with the new source gratings were compared with those fabricated by a Gd deposition method.
Applied Math & Statistics: Statistics Minor Curriculum Chart: 2013-2014
Stuart, Josh
Applied Math & Statistics: Statistics Minor Curriculum Chart: 2013-2014 http PSYC 181 CMPE 108 SOCY 103A CMPS 142 TIM 230 Information on the Statistics Minor The statistics minor as preparation for a graduate degree in statistics or biostatistics. Course Information With permission from
Statistics: Part 1 1. Why bother with statistics?
Francis, Paul
Statistics: Part 1 1. Why bother with statistics? Why is statistics so necessary for observational. But your data just don't seem to back up their claim. Statistics allows you to determine how confidently) practical introduction to those bits of statistics most vital to observational astronomy. 2. What
Statistics 36-756: Advanced Statistics II Syllabus: Fall, 2006
Fienberg, Stephen E.
Statistics 36-756: Advanced Statistics II Syllabus: Fall, 2006 Instructor: Stephen E. Fienberg 132G: · To consider major topics from statistical theory and the foundations of inference not covered in Statistics 36-756: Advanced Statistics I, such as exchangeability, the axiomatic foundation of subjective probability
Statistics of football dynamics
Mendes, R S; Anteneodo, C
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the dynamics of football matches. Our goal is to characterize statistically the temporal sequence of ball movements in this collective sport game, searching for traits of complex behavior. Data were collected over a variety of matches in South American, European and World championships throughout 2005 and 2006. We show that the statistics of ball touches presents power-law tails and can be described by $q$-gamma distributions. To explain such behavior we propose a model that provides information on the characteristics of football dynamics. Furthermore, we discuss the statistics of duration of out-of-play intervals, not directly related to the previous scenario.
Visible Y -junction diode laser with mixed coupling
van der Poel, C.J.; Opschoor, J.; Valster, A.; Drenten, R.R. (Philips Research Laboratories, P. O. Box 80 000, 5600 JA Eindhoven (The Netherlands)); Andre, J.P. (Laboratoires d'Electronique et de Physique Applique, 3 Avenue Descartes, 94450 Limeil-Brevannes (France))
1990-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
An experimental study and theoretical analysis of a phase-locked, visible, {lambda}=670 nm, 2-3 {ital Y}-junction semiconductor laser array are presented. In a ridgetype 2-3 {ital Y}-junction, AlInGaP/InGaP array, both in-phase and anti-phase array modes are observed to lase simultaneously. The experimental results are discussed in the framework of a model based on the beam propagation method. The influence of the presence of both interferometric and evanescent coupling on the array modes is analyzed.
Spectral statistics of nearly unidirectional quantum graphs
Maram Akila; Boris Gutkin
2015-03-04T23:59:59.000Z
The energy levels of a quantum graph with time reversal symmetry and unidirectional classical dynamics are doubly degenerate and obey the spectral statistics of the Gaussian Unitary Ensemble. These degeneracies, however, are lifted when the unidirectionality is broken in one of the graph's vertices by a singular perturbation. Based on a Random Matrix model we derive an analytic expression for the nearest neighbour distribution between energy levels of such systems. As we demonstrate the result agrees excellently with the actual statistics for graphs with a uniform distribution of eigenfunctions. Yet, it exhibits quite substantial deviations for classes of graphs which show strong scarring.
Spectral statistics of nearly unidirectional quantum graphs
Maram Akila; Boris Gutkin
2015-08-19T23:59:59.000Z
The energy levels of a quantum graph with time reversal symmetry and unidirectional classical dynamics are doubly degenerate and obey the spectral statistics of the Gaussian Unitary Ensemble. These degeneracies, however, are lifted when the unidirectionality is broken in one of the graph's vertices by a singular perturbation. Based on a Random Matrix model we derive an analytic expression for the nearest neighbour distribution between energy levels of such systems. As we demonstrate the result agrees excellently with the actual statistics for graphs with a uniform distribution of eigenfunctions. Yet, it exhibits quite substantial deviations for classes of graphs which show strong scarring.
Thu Hac Huong Le; Mawatari, Kazuma; Pihosh, Yuriy; Kitamori, Takehiko [Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Tokyo, Hongo 7-3-1, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Kawazoe, Tadashi; Yatsui, Takashi; Ohtsu, Motoichi [Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Systems, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Tokyo, Hongo 7-3-1, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Tosa, Masahiro [Micro-Nano Component Materials Group, Materials Engineering Laboratory, National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Sengen 1-2-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047 (Japan)
2011-11-21T23:59:59.000Z
Here we report a way to induce the visible response of non-doped TiO{sub 2} in the photocatalytic electrochemical water splitting, which is achieved by utilizing the optical near-field (ONF) generated on nanorod TiO{sub 2}. The visible response is attributed to the ONF-induced phonon-assisted excitation process, in which TiO{sub 2} is excited by sub-bandgap photons via phonon energy. Our approach directly gets involved in the excitation process without chemical modification of materials; accordingly it is expected to have few drawbacks on the photocatalytic performance. This study may offer another perspective on the development of solar harvesting materials.
Stellar Evolution A Statistical Model
van Dyk, David
Stellar Evolution A Statistical Model Statistical Computation Analysis of the Hyades Cluster Embedding Computer Models for Stellar Evolution into a Coherent Statistical Analysis David A. van Dyk1 Analysis of Stellar Evolution #12;Stellar Evolution A Statistical Model Statistical Computation Analysis
FISHERY STATISTICS E UNITED STATES
SH 11 .A443X FISH FISHERY STATISTICS E UNITED STATES ^ 1951 &ch 3. \\§^ ^/'· m:^ STATISTICAL DIGEST. Farley, Director Statistical Digest 30 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1951 BY A. W. ANDERSON;Fishery Statistics of the United States and Alaska are compiled and published annually to make available
ARNAB MAITY Department of Statistics
Maity, Arnab
May, 2015 ARNAB MAITY Department of Statistics North Carolina State University Campus Box 8203 2008 Ph.D., Statistics, Department of Statistics, Texas A&M University Co-advisors: Dr. Raymond J.S., Statistics, Department of Statistics, Texas A&M University Co-advisors: Dr. Raymond J. Carroll and Dr. Bani
Dave
2012-03-25T23:59:59.000Z
Statistics in Excel. 1. Type the measurement data into consecutive cells in Excel. NOTE: they do not need to be in one column, but the cells should be adjacent.
Massimo Testa
2015-07-30T23:59:59.000Z
Based on the fundamental principles of Relativistic Quantum Mechanics, we give a rigorous, but completely elementary, proof of the relation between fundamental observables of a statistical system when measured relatively to two inertial reference frames, connected by a Lorentz transformation.
NONE
1996-05-28T23:59:59.000Z
This publication presents an overview of the Energy information Administration`s recent monthly energy statistics. The statistics cover the major activities of US production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, and nuclear energy. Also included are international energy and thermal and metric conversion factors. Two brief ``energy plugs`` (reviews of EIA publications) are included, as well.
Visible light emitting vertical cavity surface emitting lasers
Bryan, Robert P. (Boulder, CO); Olbright, Gregory R. (Boulder, CO); Lott, James A. (Albuquerque, NM); Schneider, Jr., Richard P. (Albuquerque, NM)
1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A vertical cavity surface emitting laser that emits visible radiation is built upon a substrate, then having mirrors, the first mirror on top of the substrate; both sets of mirrors being a distributed Bragg reflector of either dielectrics or other materials which affect the resistivity or of semiconductors, such that the structure within the mirror comprises a plurality of sets, each having a thickness of .lambda./2n where n is the index of refraction of each of the sets; each of the mirrors adjacent to spacers which are on either side of an optically active bulk or quantum well layer; and the spacers and the optically active layer are from one of the following material systems: In.sub.z (Al.sub.y Ga.sub.1-y).sub.1-z P, InAlGaAs, AlGaAs, InGaAs, or AlGaP/GaP, wherein the optically active region having a length equal to m .lambda./2n.sub.eff where m is an integer and n.sub.eff is the effective index of refraction of the laser cavity, and the spacer layer and one of the mirrors being transmissive to radiation having a wavelength of .lambda./n, typically within the green to red portion of the visible spectrum.
Visible light emitting vertical cavity surface emitting lasers
Bryan, R.P.; Olbright, G.R.; Lott, J.A.; Schneider, R.P. Jr.
1995-06-27T23:59:59.000Z
A vertical cavity surface emitting laser that emits visible radiation is built upon a substrate, then having mirrors, the first mirror on top of the substrate; both sets of mirrors being a distributed Bragg reflector of either dielectrics or other materials which affect the resistivity or of semiconductors, such that the structure within the mirror comprises a plurality of sets, each having a thickness of {lambda}/2n where n is the index of refraction of each of the sets; each of the mirrors adjacent to spacers which are on either side of an optically active bulk or quantum well layer; and the spacers and the optically active layer are from one of the following material systems: In{sub z}(Al{sub y}Ga{sub 1{minus}y}){sub 1{minus}z}P, InAlGaAs, AlGaAs, InGaAs, or AlGaP/GaP, wherein the optically active region having a length equal to m {lambda}/2n{sub eff} where m is an integer and n{sub eff} is the effective index of refraction of the laser cavity, and the spacer layer and one of the mirrors being transmissive to radiation having a wavelength of {lambda}/n, typically within the green to red portion of the visible spectrum. 10 figs.
De Ceglia, D; Cappeddu, M G; Centini, M; Akozbek, N; DOrazio, A; Haus, J W; Bloemer, M J; Scalora, M
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss propagation effects in realistic, transparent, metallo-dielectric photonic band gap structures in the context of negative refraction and super-resolution in the visible and near infrared ranges. In the resonance tunneling regime, we find that for transverse-magnetic incident polarization, field localization effects contribute to a waveguiding phenomenon that makes it possible for the light to remain confined within a small fraction of a wavelength, without any transverse boundaries, due to the suppression of diffraction. This effect is related to negative refraction of the Poynting vector inside each metal layer, balanced by normal refraction inside the adjacent dielectric layer: The degree of field localization and material dispersion together determine the total momentum that resides within any given layer, and thus the direction of energy flow. We find that the transport of evanescent wave vectors is mediated by the excitation of quasi-stationary, low group velocity surface waves responsible for...
Xiang, Jie; Li, Quan; Paterson, Daniel A; Storey, John M D; Imrie, Corrie T; Lavrentovich, Oleg D
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Cholesteric liquid crystals with helicoidal molecular architecture are known for their ability to selectively reflect light with the wavelength that is determined by the periodicity of molecular orientations. Here we demonstrate that by using a cholesteric with oblique helicoidal(heliconical) structure, as opposed to the classic right-angle helicoid, one can vary the wavelength of selectively reflected light in a broad spectral range, from ultraviolet to visible and infrared (360-1520 nm for the same chemical composition) by simply adjusting the electric field applied parallel to the helicoidal axis. The effect exists in a wide temperature range (including the room temperatures) and thus can enable many applications that require dynamically controlled transmission and reflection of electromagnetic waves, from energy-saving smart windows to tunable organic lasers, reflective color display, and transparent see-through displays.
Jie Xiang; Yannian Li; Quan Li; Daniel A. Paterson; John M. D. Storey; Corrie T. Imrie; Oleg D. Lavrentovich
2015-03-30T23:59:59.000Z
Cholesteric liquid crystals with helicoidal molecular architecture are known for their ability to selectively reflect light with the wavelength that is determined by the periodicity of molecular orientations. Here we demonstrate that by using a cholesteric with oblique helicoidal(heliconical) structure, as opposed to the classic right-angle helicoid, one can vary the wavelength of selectively reflected light in a broad spectral range, from ultraviolet to visible and infrared (360-1520 nm for the same chemical composition) by simply adjusting the electric field applied parallel to the helicoidal axis. The effect exists in a wide temperature range (including the room temperatures) and thus can enable many applications that require dynamically controlled transmission and reflection of electromagnetic waves, from energy-saving smart windows to tunable organic lasers, reflective color display, and transparent see-through displays.
Gehman, V M; Rielage, K; Hime, A; Sun, Y; Mei, D -M; Maassen, J; Moore, D
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A large number of current and future experiments in neutrino and dark matter detection use the scintillation light from noble elements as a mechanism for measuring energy deposition. The scintillation light from these elements is produced in the extreme ultraviolet (EUV) range, from 60 - 200 nm. Currently, the most practical technique for observing light at these wavelengths is to surround the scintillation volume with a thin film of Tetraphenyl Butadiene (TPB) to act as a fluor. The TPB film absorbs EUV photons and reemits visible photons, detectable with a variety of commercial photosensors. Here we present a measurement of the re-emission spectrum of TPB films when illuminated with 128, 160, 175, and 250 nm light. We also measure the fluorescence efficiency as a function of incident wavelength from 120 to 250 nm.
V. M. Gehman; S. R. Seibert; K. Rielage; A. Hime; Y. Sun; D. -M. Mei; J. Maassen; D. Moore
2011-09-22T23:59:59.000Z
A large number of current and future experiments in neutrino and dark matter detection use the scintillation light from noble elements as a mechanism for measuring energy deposition. The scintillation light from these elements is produced in the extreme ultraviolet (EUV) range, from 60 - 200 nm. Currently, the most practical technique for observing light at these wavelengths is to surround the scintillation volume with a thin film of Tetraphenyl Butadiene (TPB) to act as a fluor. The TPB film absorbs EUV photons and reemits visible photons, detectable with a variety of commercial photosensors. Here we present a measurement of the re-emission spectrum of TPB films when illuminated with 128, 160, 175, and 250 nm light. We also measure the fluorescence efficiency as a function of incident wavelength from 120 to 250 nm.
Quantum Chaos and Statistical Mechanics
Mark Srednicki
1994-06-14T23:59:59.000Z
We briefly review the well known connection between classical chaos and classical statistical mechanics, and the recently discovered connection between quantum chaos and quantum statistical mechanics.
Computer, Computational, and Statistical Sciences
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
CCS Computer, Computational, and Statistical Sciences Computational physics, computer science, applied mathematics, statistics and the integration of large data streams are central...
Wang, Caiqin [College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123 (China); Xinjiang Key Laboratory of Electronic Information Materials and Devices, Xinjiang Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011 (China); Jiang, Fengxing [College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123 (China); Jiangxi Key Laboratory of Organic Chemistry, Jiangxi Science and Technology Normal University, Nanchang 330013 (China); Zhou, Rong [College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123 (China); Xinjiang Key Laboratory of Electronic Information Materials and Devices, Xinjiang Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011 (China); Du, Yukou, E-mail: duyk@suda.edu.cn [College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123 (China); Xinjiang Key Laboratory of Electronic Information Materials and Devices, Xinjiang Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011 (China); Yang, Ping [College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123 (China); Wang, Chuanyi, E-mail: cywang@ms.xjb.ac.cn [Xinjiang Key Laboratory of Electronic Information Materials and Devices, Xinjiang Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011 (China); Xu, Jingkun, E-mail: xujingkun@tsinghua.org.cn [Jiangxi Key Laboratory of Organic Chemistry, Jiangxi Science and Technology Normal University, Nanchang 330013 (China)
2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
Highlights: ? A ternary composite catalyst of Pt–WO{sub 3}–TiO{sub 2} has been synthesized. ? The introduction of WO{sub 3} extends its absorption edge to visible light region. ? The electrode displays high electrocatalytic activity. ? With visible light irradiation, its electrocatalytic activity increases 70%. - Abstract: A ternary composite catalyst of Pt–WO{sub 3}–TiO{sub 2} has been successfully prepared by a chemical method. The prepared composite was systematically characterized by UV–vis diffuse reflectance absorption spectra (DRS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The electrocatalytic properties of Pt–WO{sub 3}–TiO{sub 2} for methanol oxidation in an alkaline medium were evaluated by the cyclic voltammetry (CV) and chronoamperometry (CA) with or without visible light irradiation. Compared with the pure TiO{sub 2}, the introduction of WO{sub 3} extends its absorption edge to visible light region. Under visible light illumination, the Pt–WO{sub 3}–TiO{sub 2} composite catalyst exhibits higher electrocatalytic activity toward methanol oxidation in comparison with its counterpart, the pure Pt–TiO{sub 2} catalyst.
None
2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
This twenty-ninth edition of the Annual Energy Review (AER) presents the U.S. Energy Information Administration’s (EIA) most comprehensive look at integrated energy statistics. The summary statistics on the Nation’s energy production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices cover all major energy commodities and all energy-consuming sectors of the U.S. economy from 1949 through 2010. The AER is EIA’s historical record of energy statistics and, because the coverage spans six decades, the statistics in this report are well-suited to long-term trend analysis.
Intermediate statistics for a system with symplectic symmetry: the Dirac rose graph
statistics formed of a gas of energy levels interacting with a logarithmic potential. Spectral statisticsIntermediate statistics for a system with symplectic symmetry: the Dirac rose graph J.M. Harrison1 Abstract We study the spectral statistics of the Dirac operator on a rose-shaped graph-- a graph
Statistics and samples 1.1 What is statistics?
Irwin, Darren
1 1 Statistics and samples 1.1 What is statistics? Biologists study the properties of living things to get sam- pled and who did not. Statistics is a technology that describes and measures aspects of nature from samples. Most importantly, statistics lets us quantify the uncertainty of these meas- ures
Statistics and Differential Geometry 18-466 Mathematical Statistics
Le Ny, Jerome
Statistics and Differential Geometry 18-466 Mathematical Statistics Jerome Le Ny December 14, 2005 of statistical curvature [Efr75], that most of the main concepts and methods of differ- ential geometry are of substantial interest in connection with the theory of statistical inference. This report describes in simple
55 Years of Harvard Statistics: Stories, Snapshots, and Statistics
Wolfe, Patrick J.
55 Years of Harvard Statistics: Stories, Snapshots, and Statistics Xiao-Li Meng Late evening instead to the Bell Telephone Laboratories.'' Having one's statistical research rooted in and moti- vated by real-life applications became a hallmark of Harvard Statistics' outlook (or ``departmentality'') from
The University of Chicago Department of Statistics
important for studying diverse phenom- ena such as climate change, oil spills, energy efficiency and city accelerated re- cently, with great industrial and societal impacts. The prevailing statistical framework of the error rate of a prediction rule, tuning parameter selection, bandwidth selection in kernel models
Statistical review of coal in Canada, 1997
Not Available
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The paper presents an annual review of the coal industry, including production, exports and imports, and consumption. An overview is given, followed by more detailed statistical data for the current year and preceding decade (supply and demand, value and volume of supply by province, coal production by class or province, exports by destination, coal consumed in power generation by province, electrical energy production by fuel type, domestic demand for primary energy by type).
Navajo Generating Station and Air Visibility Regulations: Alternatives and Impacts
Hurlbut, D. J.; Haase, S.; Brinkman, G.; Funk, K.; Gelman, R.; Lantz, E.; Larney, C.; Peterson, D.; Worley, C.; Liebsch, E.
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Pursuant to the Clean Air Act, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced in 2009 its intent to issue rules for controlling emissions from Navajo Generating Station that could affect visibility at the Grand Canyon and at several other national parks and wilderness areas. The final rule will conform to what EPA determines is the best available retrofit technology (BART) for the control of haze-causing air pollutants, especially nitrogen oxides. While EPA is ultimately responsible for setting Navajo Generating Station's BART standards in its final rule, it will be the U.S. Department of the Interior's responsibility to manage compliance and the related impacts. This study aims to assist both Interior and EPA by providing an objective assessment of issues relating to the power sector.
Experimental Mathematics and Computational Statistics
Bailey, David H.; Borwein, Jonathan M.
2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z
The field of statistics has long been noted for techniques to detect patterns and regularities in numerical data. In this article we explore connections between statistics and the emerging field of 'experimental mathematics'. These includes both applications of experimental mathematics in statistics, as well as statistical methods applied to computational mathematics.
STATISTICS ESSENTIAL SKILL OUTCOME STATEMENTS
Gering, Jon C.
to statistical literacy. The American Statistical Association endorsed the Guidelines for AssessmentSB #3205 STATISTICS ESSENTIAL SKILL OUTCOME STATEMENTS Newly-Revised Version: A liberally educated person is capable of being both a producer and a consumer of statistical information with some basic
Thermodynamics for Fractal Statistics
Wellington da Cruz
1998-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
We consider for an anyon gas its termodynamics properties taking into account the fractal statistics obtained by us recently. This approach describes the anyonic excitations in terms of equivalence classes labeled by fractal parameter or Hausdorff dimension $h$. An exact equation of state is obtained in the high-temperature and low-temperature limits, for gases with a constant density of states.
Chen, Zehua
, researchers, and professionals in the mathematical, statistical and computational sciences, fundamental of textbooks, reference works, and handbooks. The titles included in the series are meant to appeal to students Editors N. F. Britton Department of Mathematical Sciences University of Bath Xihong Lin Department
Visible light photocatalytic activity in nitrogen-doped TiO{sub 2} nanobelts
De Nyago Tafen; Lewis, James P. [Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States); Wang Jin; Wu Nianqiang [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States)
2009-03-02T23:59:59.000Z
We present a comprehensive experimental and theoretical study of the electronic properties and photocatalytic activity of nitrogen-doped anatase TiO{sub 2} nanobelts. UV-visible spectra show enhanced absorption in the visible light range for nitrogen-doped nanobelts compared to the pristine sample. The nitrogen-doped nanobelts exhibit improved photocatalytic activity compared to the pristine sample upon visible light irradiation. Furthermore, the incorporation of nitrogen introduces localized states in the band gap.
NONE
1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
This document presents an overview of the Energy Information Administration`s (EIA) recent monthly energy statistics. The statistics cover the major activities of U.S. production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, and nuclear energy. Also included are international energy and thermal and metric conversion factors.
BP Statistical Review of World Energy
Laughlin, Robert B.
's introduction 2 2007 in review Oil 6 Reserves 8 Production 11 Consumption 16 Prices 17 Stocks 18 Refining 20 and The data in this year's Review again shows the reserves of oil, gas volatile prices, reflecting a tight Trade movements Natural gas 22 Reserves 24 Production 27 Consumption 30 Trade movements 31 Prices Coal
Statistical Energy Analysis 2 Long. 3 Long.
Berlin,Technische Universität
. B.A.T. Petersson #12;6 · Built-up structures Heat pump · Structure-borne waves · Liquid theory SEA Wave theory SEA Hybrides © Prof. B.A.T. Petersson SEA · Why analyse and predict vibro
VTPI-Transportation Statistics | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP a g eWorks -09-0018-CXNuonYuchengRichlands,projectUrat Rear BannerUtilityVANE Uranium One
Industrial Ventilation Statistics Confirm Energy Savings Opportunity
Litomisky, A.
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
stream_source_info ESL-IE-06-05-17.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 22273 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name ESL-IE-06-05-17.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 INDUSTRIAL VENTILATION.../4 2003/6 2003/8 2003/10 2004/1 2004/3 2004/5 2004/7 2004/9 2004/11 2005/1 2005/3 2005/5 W o r kst at i o n ac t i vi t y [ % ] 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Overall average is 14.07% of shift time, the maximum 21% of shift time Chart 1B: percent...
Lectures on probability and statistics
Yost, G.P.
1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
These notes are based on a set of statistics lectures delivered at Imperial College to the first-year postgraduate students in High Energy Physics. They are designed for the professional experimental scientist. We begin with the fundamentals of probability theory, in which one makes statements about the set of possible outcomes of an experiment, based upon a complete a priori understanding of the experiment. For example, in a roll of a set of (fair) dice, one understands a priori that any given side of each die is equally likely to turn up. From that, we can calculate the probability of any specified outcome. We finish with the inverse problem, statistics. Here, one begins with a set of actual data (e.g., the outcomes of a number of rolls of the dice), and attempts to make inferences about the state of nature which gave those data (e.g., the likelihood of seeing any given side of any given die turn up). This is a much more difficult problem, of course, and one's solutions often turn out to be unsatisfactory in one respect or another.
BS in STATISTICS: Statistical Science Emphasis (695220) MAP Sheet Department of Statistics
Seamons, Kent E.
the statistics list: C S 142 Introduction to Computer Programming Math 334 Ordinary Differential Equations Math Academic Internship: Statistics Stat 497R Introduction to Statistical Research Stat 535 Applied Linear are strongly recommended to choose electives to prepare for the BYU BS/MS statistics integrated program
Dahl, David B.
BS in STATISTICS: Applied Statistics and Analytics Emphasis (695234) MAP Sheet Department of Statistics For students entering the degree program during the 20142015 curricular year. UNIVERSITY CORE* Calculus 1 Math 113 Calculus 2 Complete one course from the following: Stat 121 Principles of Statistics
A different approach to introducing statistical mechanics
Moore, Thomas A
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The basic notions of statistical mechanics (microstates, multiplicities) are quite simple, but understanding how the second law arises from these ideas requires working with cumbersomely large numbers. To avoid getting bogged down in mathematics, one can compute multiplicities numerically for a simple model system such as an Einstein solid -- a collection of identical quantum harmonic oscillators. A computer spreadsheet program or comparable software can compute the required combinatoric functions for systems containing a few hundred oscillators and units of energy. When two such systems can exchange energy, one immediately sees that some configurations are overwhelmingly more probable than others. Graphs of entropy vs. energy for the two systems can be used to motivate the theoretical definition of temperature, $T= (\\partial S/\\partial U)^{-1}$, thus bridging the gap between the classical and statistical approaches to entropy. Further spreadsheet exercises can be used to compute the heat capacity of an Einst...
Leveraging High Performance Computation for Statistical Wind Prediction
Leveraging High Performance Computation for Statistical Wind Prediction Cy P Chan James R Stalker Alan Edelman Stephen R Connors WINDPOWER 2010 American Wind Energy Association Dallas, Texas, USA May 2326, 2010 #12;Leveraging High Performance Computation for Statistical Wind Prediction Cy P Chan
Statistical Model Checking for Networks of Priced Timed Automata
David, Alexandre
Statistical Model Checking for Networks of Priced Timed Automata Alexandre David1 , Kim G. Larsen1- and cost-bounded properties. A second contribution of the paper is the application of Statistical Model-time and hybrid systems with quantitative constraints on time, energy or more general continuous aspects [1
Quadratic interior-point methods in statistical disclosure control
2003-05-09T23:59:59.000Z
the tables is made up of the aggregated information of several individuals, the statistical ... In the current Information Society, National Statistical Institutes (NSIs) play ..... diagonal block of B, while system with matrix .... complementary cell suppression, manuscript, Energy Information Adminis- ... Dandekar@eia.doe.gov
Weatherization Assistance Program - Background Data and Statistics
Eisenberg, Joel Fred [ORNL
2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
This technical memorandum is intended to provide readers with information that may be useful in understanding the purposes, performance, and outcomes of the Department of Energy's (DOE's) Weatherization Assistance Program (Weatherization). Weatherization has been in operation for over thirty years and is the nation's largest single residential energy efficiency program. Its primary purpose, established by law, is 'to increase the energy efficiency of dwellings owned or occupied by low-income persons, reduce their total residential energy expenditures, and improve their health and safety, especially low-income persons who are particularly vulnerable such as the elderly, the handicapped, and children.' The American Reinvestment and Recovery Act PL111-5 (ARRA), passed and signed into law in February 2009, committed $5 Billion over two years to an expanded Weatherization Assistance Program. This has created substantial interest in the program, the population it serves, the energy and cost savings it produces, and its cost-effectiveness. This memorandum is intended to address the need for this kind of information. Statistically valid answers to many of the questions surrounding Weatherization and its performance require comprehensive evaluation of the program. DOE is undertaking precisely this kind of independent evaluation in order to ascertain program effectiveness and to improve its performance. Results of this evaluation effort will begin to emerge in late 2010 and 2011, but they require substantial time and effort. In the meantime, the data and statistics in this memorandum can provide reasonable and transparent estimates of key program characteristics. The memorandum is laid out in three sections. The first deals with some key characteristics describing low-income energy consumption and expenditures. The second section provides estimates of energy savings and energy bill reductions that the program can reasonably be presumed to be producing. The third section deals with estimates of program cost-effectiveness and societal impacts such as carbon reduction and reduced national energy consumption. Each of the sections is brief, containing statistics, explanatory graphics and tables as appropriate, and short explanations of the statistics in order to place them in context for the reader. The companion appendices at the back of the memorandum explain the methods and sources used in developing the statistics.
Statistical simulation procedures
Tremelling, Robert Norman
1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
that theoretical procedures are im- practical. Thus, with the advent of the electronic computer, numeri ca'I or simul ation procedures for ap- proximating this distribution function have been de- veloped. For the extension of the Stratified Monte Carlo (S. M... distribution functions ano their parameters. With the rising importance of statistics, and the advent of the computer, Honte Carlo methods are just now being investigated. Although definitions of Honte Carlo samplino may differ, it is usually associated...
Replica exchange statistical temperature Monte Carlo Jaegil Kim,a
Straub, John E.
of temperatures in each replica and achieves a flat energy sampling employing the generalized sampling weight temperature. Faster weight determination, through the dynamic update of the statistical temperature, and the flat energy sampling, maximizing energy overlaps between neighboring replicas, lead to a considerable
Improving constraints on the neutrino mass using sufficient statistics
Wolk, M; Bel, J; Carbone, C; Carron, J
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We use the "Dark Energy and Massive Neutrino Universe" (DEMNUni) simulations to compare the constraining power of "sufficient statistics" with the standard matter power spectrum on the sum of neutrino masses, $M_\
Agile manufacturing from a statistical perspective
Easterling, R.G. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). New Initiatives Dept.
1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
The objective of agile manufacturing is to provide the ability to quickly realize high-quality, highly-customized, in-demand products at a cost commensurate with mass production. More broadly, agility in manufacturing, or any other endeavor, is defined as change-proficiency; the ability to thrive in an environment of unpredictable change. This report discusses the general direction of the agile manufacturing initiative, including research programs at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the Department of Energy, and other government agencies, but focuses on agile manufacturing from a statistical perspective. The role of statistics can be important because agile manufacturing requires the collection and communication of process characterization and capability information, much of which will be data-based. The statistical community should initiate collaborative work in this important area.
Saturn's aurora observed by the Cassini camera at visible wavelengths
Dyudina, Ulyana A; Ewald, Shawn P; Wellington, Danika
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The first observations of Saturn's visible-wavelength aurora were made by the Cassini camera. The aurora was observed between 2006 and 2013 in the northern and southern hemispheres. The color of the aurora changes from pink at a few hundred km above the horizon to purple at 1000-1500 km above the horizon. The spectrum observed in 9 filters spanning wavelengths from 250 nm to 1000 nm has a prominent H-alpha line and roughly agrees with laboratory simulated auroras. Auroras in both hemispheres vary dramatically with longitude. Auroras form bright arcs between 70 and 80 degree latitude north and between 65 and 80 degree latitude south, which sometimes spiral around the pole, and sometimes form double arcs. A large 10,000-km-scale longitudinal brightness structure persists for more than 100 hours. This structure rotates approximately together with Saturn. On top of the large steady structure, the auroras brighten suddenly on the timescales of a few minutes. These brightenings repeat with a period of about 1 hour....
Experimental Statistics NBS Handbook 91: Experimental Statistics [1] was
as a series of five Army Ordnance Pamphlets OSRDDP 20-110-114. The publication was prepared in the Statistical
Bayesian Statistics Stochastic Simulation -Gibbs sampling
Wright, Francis
Bayesian Statistics Stochastic Simulation - Gibbs sampling Bayesian Statistics - an Introduction Dr Pettit Bayesian Statistics - an Introduction #12;Bayesian Statistics Stochastic Simulation - Gibbs sampling What is Bayesian Statistics? Bayes Theorem The Likelihood Principle Mixtures of conjugate priors
C. Shane Reese Department of Statistics
Reese, Shane
, American Statistical Association 2012 Melvin W. Carter Professorship 2010 Karl G. Maeser Excellence.) 2010 American Statistical Association Excellence in Statistics in Sports Award 2008 Howard Christensen Department of Statistics Honored Faculty Member 2001 Journal of the American Statistical Association
The University of Chicago Department of Statistics
The University of Chicago Department of Statistics Statistics Colloquium ANDREA MONTANARI Departments of Electrical Engineering and Statistics Stanford University Sharp Thresholds in Statistical an important role in some sta- tistical learning and statistical signal processing problems, in part because
STAT 639V: Topics in Statistics Statistical Computing
Petris, Giovanni
methods. Most of the topics will be presented in the context of the R statistical computing language (see below). Computing: The computer language we will be using is R. The latest version of R is installedSTAT 639V: Topics in Statistics Fall 2014 Statistical Computing General Information: Class hours
Turks and Caicos Islands: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information
Energy Company 0 Research Institutions Add a Research Institution References UN Statistics Division CIA World Factbook, Appendix D Reegle Clean Energy Datasets Turks...
Haddadi, Hamed
All-optical Fog Sensor for Determining the Fog Visibility Range in Optical Wireless Communication is to use an all optical based fog sensor to study the atmospheric visibility of fog and its constituents on the optical wireless communication (OWC) links in a controlled laboratory test-bid. The fog sensor measures
Fringe visibility estimators for the Palomar Testbed Interferometer M. M. Colavita
Fringe visibility estimators for the Palomar Testbed Interferometer M. M. Colavita Jet Propulsion ABSTRACT The Palomar Testbed Interferometer (PTI) is a longbaseline infrared interferometer located at Palomar Observatory, California. One operational mode of PTI is single baseline visibility measurement
Fringe visibility estimators for the Palomar Testbed Interferometer M. M. Colavita
Fringe visibility estimators for the Palomar Testbed Interferometer M. M. Colavita Jet Propulsion ABSTRACT The Palomar Testbed Interferometer PTI is a long-baseline infrared interferometer located at Palomar Observatory, California. One operational mode of PTI is single- baseline visibility measurement
Meyers, Steven D.
Photocatalytic Oxidation of Aqueous Organic Contaminants by Semiconductors using Visible Light semiconductor, InVO4, mechanically alloyed to TiO2, to shift photo-initiation into the visible range. 3, the ratio of semiconductors had no significant impact on the reaction rate. Long term goal - develop
IEEE Int. Conf. on Intelligent Robots and Systems 1999. Visibility Based Probabilistic Roadmaps
Cortés, Juan
IEEE Int. Conf. on Intelligent Robots and Systems 1999. Visibility Based Probabilistic Roadmaps C fnissoux,nic,jplg@laas.fr Abstract This paper presents a variant of probabilistic roadmap algorithms of the configuration space into visibility domains in order to produce small roadmaps. The algorithm has been
Evaluation of Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) and Moderate Resolution the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) and the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS). Key goals were to assess the nature of these relationships as they varied between sensors
STATISTICAL MECHANICS AND FIELD THEORY
Samuel, S.A.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
York. K. Bardakci, Field Theory for Solitons, II, BerkeleyFart I Applications of Field Theory Methods to StatisticalStatistical Mechanics to Field Theory Chapter IV The Grand
INDIAN STATISTICAL INSTITUTE Annual Report
Bandyopadhyay, Antar
Division 8 Stat-Math Unit (SMU), Kolkata 8 Stat-Math Unit (SMU), Delhi 11 Stat-Math Unit (SMU), Bangalore Stat-Math Unit (SMU), Chennai 14 16 Applied Statistics Division 17 Applied Statistics Unit (ASU
Statistical Performance Modeling of SRAMs
Zhao, Chang
2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z
to their characteristic of low failure rate, while statistical method of yield sensitivity analysis is meaningful for its high efficiency. This thesis proposes a novel statistical model to conduct yield sensitivity prediction on SRAM cells at the simulation level, which...
Monthly energy review. May 1998
NONE
1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report presents recent energy monthly statistics on the production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices of petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, and nuclear energy.
Energy Audit Practices in China: National and Local Experiences and Issues
Shen, Bo
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
statistics, energy management procedures, the performance of all major energy-consuming equipment, energy consumption relative to products and production,
PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION Programme title: Statistics
Guillas, Serge
in statistical theory and applications which enables graduates to enter specialist employment or academic in statistical computing and communication are assessed by coursework only. The summer project is assessedPROGRAMME SPECIFICATION Programme title: Statistics Final award (BSc, MA etc): (where stopping off
Business Statistics 207 Summer, 2013
Barrash, Warren
Business Statistics 207 Summer, 2013 Instructor: Phil Fry Office: MBEB 3249 e-mail: pfry) & by Appointment Textbook: Business Statistics: A Decision-Making Approach, 8th ed. by Groebner, Shannon, Fry: This is the first semester of a two semester course in business statistics. The objective of BUSSTAT 207
International petroleum statistics report
NONE
1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
The International Petroleum Statistics Report is a monthly publication that provides current international oil data. This report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world, in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries.
Fertilizer Statistics for Texas.
Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)
1927-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
) H. B. PARKS, B. S.. Apiculturist in Charge A. H. ALEX, B. S.. Queen Breeder FEED CONTROL SERVICE: F. D. FULLER, M. S.. Chief S. D. PEARCE, Secretary J. 13. ROGERS, Feed Inspector W. H. WOOD. Feed Inspector K. L KIRKLAND B S Feed Inspector W... and for selected counties. Estimated prices of plant food are given. The sales of fer- tilizer in the spring are partly related to the price of cotton in the preceding fall and winter. This is shown by statistical methods. CONTENTS ,. A . . . . ,., l...
Monthly energy review, November 1998
NONE
1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Monthly Energy Review (MER) presents an overview of the Energy Information Administration`s recent monthly energy statistics. The statistics cover the major activities of US production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, and nuclear energy. Also included are international energy and thermal and metric conversion factors. 37 figs., 61 tabs.
Monthly energy review, January 1999
NONE
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Monthly Energy Review (MER) presents an overview of the Energy Information Administration`s recent monthly energy statistics. The statistics cover the major activities of US production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, and nuclear energy. Also included are international energy and thermal and metric conversion factors. 37 figs., 61 tabs.
Monthly energy review, March 1999
NONE
1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Monthly Energy Review (MER) presents an overview of the Energy Information Administration`s recent monthly energy statistics. The statistics cover the major activities of US production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, and nuclear energy. Also included are international energy and thermal and metric conversion factors. 37 figs., 74 tabs.
Monthly energy review, February 1999
NONE
1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Monthly Energy Review (MER) presents an overview of the Energy Information Administration`s recent monthly energy statistics. The statistics cover the major activities of US production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, and nuclear energy. Also included are international energy and thermal and metric conversion factors. 37 figs., 73 tabs.
Monthly energy review, October 1998
NONE
1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Monthly Energy Review (MER) presents an overview of the Energy Information Administration`s recent monthly energy statistics. The statistics cover the major activities of US production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, and nuclear energy. Also included are international energy and thermal and metric conversion factors. 37 figs., 61 tabs.
Monthly energy review, August 1997
NONE
1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Monthly Energy Review for the month of August 1997, presents an overview of the Energy Information Administration`s recent monthly energy statistics. The statistics cover the major activities of U.S. production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, and nuclear energy. Also included are international energy and thermal and metric conversion factors.
Monthly energy review, June 1998
NONE
1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Monthly Energy Review (MER) presents an overview of the Energy Information Administration`s recent monthly energy statistics. The statistics cover the major activities of US production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, and nuclear energy. Also included are international energy and thermal and metric conversion factors. 36 figs., 61 tabs.
Monthly energy review, July 1998
NONE
1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Monthly Energy Review (MER) presents an overview of the Energy Information Administration`s recent monthly energy statistics. The statistics cover the major activities of US production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, and nuclear energy. Also included are international energy and thermal and metric conversion factors. 37 figs. 73 tabs.
Emergent irreversibility and entanglement spectrum statistics
Claudio Chamon; Alioscia Hamma; Eduardo R. Mucciolo
2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z
We study the problem of irreversibility when the dynamical evolution of a many-body system is described by a stochastic quantum circuit. Such evolution is more general than a Hamiltonian one, and since energy levels are not well defined, the well-established connection between the statistical fluctuations of the energy spectrum and irreversibility cannot be made. We show that the entanglement spectrum provides a more general connection. Irreversibility is marked by a failure of a disentangling algorithm and is preceded by the appearance of Wigner-Dyson statistical fluctuations in the entanglement spectrum. This analysis can be done at the wave-function level and offers an alternative route to study quantum chaos and quantum integrability.
Energy Efficiency Services Sector: Workforce Size and Expectations for Growth
Goldman, Charles
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of Labor Statistics. Energy Efficiency Services Sector:Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency: Economic Drivers forStatewide Long Term Energy Efficiency Strategic Plan. ” San
Energy Efficiency Services Sector: Workforce Size and Expectations for Growth
Goldman, Charles
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Statistics. Energy Efficiency Services Sector: WorkforceCouncil for an Energy Efficient Economy. Energy InformationCouncil for an Energy-Efficient Economy. Eto, J. , R. Prahl
Energy Efficiency Services Sector: Workforce Size and Expectations for Growth
Goldman, Charles
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of Labor Statistics. Energy Efficiency Services Sector:DC. American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy. EnergyAmerican Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy. Eto, J. ,
Energy Efficiency Services Sector: Workforce Size and Expectations for Growth
Goldman, Charles
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Statistics. Energy Efficiency Services Sector: WorkforceRenewable Energy and Energy Efficiency: Economic Drivers forStatewide Long Term Energy Efficiency Strategic Plan. ” San
FY 2011 Statistical Table by Appropriation
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Department of Energy System SafetyFALL6-OPAMConference CallStatistical Table
Feasibility of Achieving a Zero-Net-Energy, Zero-Net-Cost Homes
Al-Beaini, S.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
technologies (such as solar panels). Combined with energy wind turbine height, solar panel visibility, etc. ). In consumption with solar panels, the cost may determine
India Energy Outlook: End Use Demand in India to 2020
de la Rue du Can, Stephane
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Statistics and Programme Implementation published a condensed version of statics related to energy production and consumption (
BS in STATISTICS: Statistical Science Emphasis (695220) MAP Sheet Department of Statistics
Seamons, Kent E.
the statistics list: C S 142 Introduction to Computer Programming Math 334 Ordinary Differential Equations Math Applied Time Series and Forecasting Stat 474 Theory of Interest Stat 496R Academic Internship: Statistics Stat 497R Introduction to Statistical Research Stat 535 Applied Linear Models Stat 536 Modern
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362Transmission:portion5WhenEnergy 3 for the State Energy30021Analysis of LM Stakeholder
Identification of carbon sensitization for the visible-light photocatalytic titanium oxide
Chen, Y. J.; Jhan, G. Y.; Cai, G. L.; Lin, C. S.; Wong, M. S.; Ke, S.-C.; Lo, H. H.; Cheng, C. L.; Shyue, J.-J. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Dong Hwa University, Shoufeng, Hualien 97401, Taiwan and Graduate Institute of Optoelectronics Engineering, Shoufeng, Hualien 97401, Taiwan (China); Department of Physics, National Dong Hwa University, Shoufeng, Hualien 97401, Taiwan (China); Research Center for Applied Sciences, Academia Sinica, Nankang, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China)
2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
The authors successfully synthesized titanium oxide (TiO{sub 2}) nanopowder with visible-light photocatalytic ability by low-pressure flat-flame metal organic chemical vapor condensation method. In order to confirm that carbon doping is a viable mechanism for the visible-light absorption of the powder prepared by this method, they modify the process by total exclusion of nitrogen usage to eliminate the nitrogen doping possibility. Since nitrogen is avoided in the process, the visible-light absorption cannot be due to nitrogen doping. They also found that the nanopowder formed has a single phase of anatase. Thus the nanopowder does not have anatase/rutile interface, and the authors can eliminate the possibility of visible-light absorption by the anatase/rutile interface. The visible-light absorption should thus be resort to the carbon doping. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies show the presence of several carbon related bonds except Ti-C bond. This suggests that the carbon does not incorporate into the TiO{sub 2} crystal and should locate on the surface of the nanopowder. Thus the carbon species act as a visible-light sensitizer for the TiO{sub 2} as a photocatalyst. Among all carbon bonds the C-C bond is believed to be responsible for the light absorption, since all other carbon related bonds are not chromophores. The visible-light TiO{sub 2} photocatalysis induced by carbon doping is confirmed and explained.
Plasma analogy and non-Abelian statistics for Ising-type quantum...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
EXCITATION; ISING MODEL; PLASMA; QUANTUM FIELD THEORY; QUANTUM STATES; QUASI PARTICLES; STATISTICS; WAVE FUNCTIONS CRYSTAL MODELS; ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES; ENERGY-LEVEL...
The University of Chicago Department of Statistics
The University of Chicago Department of Statistics Seminar Mohsen Pourahmadi Division of Statistics, Northern Illinois University and the Department of Statistics, The University of Chicago "Generalized
Statistics Online Computational Resource for Education
Dinov, Ivo D; Christou, Nicolas
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and assess- ment of the statistic online computationalintroductory probability and statistics courses. Computers &Leslie, M. (2003). Statistics starter kit. Science, © 2009
The University of Chicago Department of Statistics
The University of Chicago Department of Statistics Statistics Colloquium Series JONATHAN WEARE sampling methods. The talk will have a computational statistical mechanics flavor but the methods
The University of Chicago Department of Statistics
The University of Chicago Department of Statistics Seminar Series JON MCAULIFFE Department of Statistics University of California, Berkeley "Statistical Methods for Genome Comparison" WEDNESDAY February
Infrared-Transparent Visible-Opaque Fabrics for Wearable Personal Thermal Management
Tong, Jonathan K; Boriskina, Svetlana V; Loomis, James; Xu, Yanfei; Chen, Gang
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Personal cooling technologies locally control the temperature of an individual rather than a large space, thus providing personal thermal comfort while supplementing cooling loads in thermally regulated environments. This can lead to significant energy and cost savings. In this study, a new approach to personal cooling was developed using an infrared-transparent visible-opaque fabric (ITVOF), which provides passive cooling via the transmission of thermal radiation emitted by the human body directly to the environment. Here, we present a conceptual framework to thermally and optically design an ITVOF. Using a heat transfer model, the fabric was found to require a minimum infrared (IR) transmittance of 0.644 and a maximum IR reflectance of 0.2 to ensure thermal comfort at ambient temperatures as high as 26.1oC (79oF). To meet these requirements, an ITVOF design was developed using synthetic polymer fibers with an intrinsically low IR absorptance. These fibers were then structured to minimize IR reflection via w...
Energy Monitoring Act (Canada)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
This act requires that every energy enterprise file with the Minister a return setting out statistics and information relating to its ownership and control; financial information; information,...
Fractons and Fractal Statistics
Wellington da Cruz
2000-07-31T23:59:59.000Z
Fractons are anyons classified into equivalence classes and they obey a specific fractal statistics. The equivalence classes are labeled by a fractal parameter or Hausdorff dimension $h$. We consider this approach in the context of the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect (FQHE) and the concept of duality between such classes, defined by $\\tilde{h}=3-h$ shows us that the filling factors for which the FQHE were observed just appear into these classes. A connection between equivalence classes $h$ and the modular group for the quantum phase transitions of the FQHE is also obtained. A $\\beta-$function is defined for a complex conductivity which embodies the classes $h$. The thermodynamics is also considered for a gas of fractons $(h,\
The Statistics of the Number of Neutron Collisions Prior to Absorption
Pázsit, Imre
The Statistics of the Number of Neutron Collisions Prior to Absorption Sara A. Pozzi* Oak Ridge Accepted July 25, 2005 Abstract We propose a simple analytical model to describe the statistics, the energy transfer and the collision num- ber are related quantities, and therefore, the statistics of
IASSNS-HEP-91/23 Many-body Systems with Non-Abelian Statistics *
Wen, Xiao-Gang
. We discuss the calculation of the quasiparticle statistics from the low energy effective theoryIASSNS-HEP-91/23 May 1991 Many-body Systems with Non-Abelian Statistics * B. Blok and X. G. Wen with the non-abelian statistics. The explicit forms of the many-body ground-state wave functions are calculated
Advancing Visibility of Grid Operations to Improve Reliability | Department
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318CubicCommercial Markets | Department ofAGA104Energy Technology | Department of
Cooling Vests Combat Heat, Improve Visibility at Savannah River Site |
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318CubicCommercial MarketsQualityCarlsbad Field OfficeDepartment of Energy Cooling Vests
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Department of Energy System SafetyFALL6-OPAMConference4 Department of Energy FY 2012
Application for SAS Certificate Advanced Statistics
Dahl, David B.
Application for SAS Certificate Advanced Statistics ___________________________________________________________________________________ Student Signature _________________________________________ Date I am a Statistics Major at Brigham Young of Statistics to access my academic information. Brigham Young University Department of Statistics offers
APS Operational Statistics for FY 2015
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
5 Operational Statistics Back to Main Statistics Page FY 2015 Year-to-Date Statistics 2015 Statistics Summary HTML or PDF FY 2015 Reliability Summary HTML or PDF FY 2015 Bar Chart...
FROM STATISTICAL SIGNIFICANCE TO EFFECT ESTIMATION
Burgman, Mark
such as the American Psychological Association, and the absence of appropriate editorial pressure, statistical reformFROM STATISTICAL SIGNIFICANCE TO EFFECT ESTIMATION: STATISTICAL REFORM IN PSYCHOLOGY, MEDICINE ABSTRACT Compelling criticisms of statistical significance testing (or Null Hypothesis Significance Testing
The University of Chicago Department of Statistics
The University of Chicago Department of Statistics SUMMER Seminar Series ANDREW GELMAN Departments of Statistics and Political Science Columbia University Parameterization and Bayesian Modeling THURSDAY and location. ABSTRACT Progress in statistical computation often leads to advances in statistical modeling
The University of Chicago Department of Statistics
The University of Chicago Department of Statistics Seminar Series PETER HALL Department of Mathematics and Statistics University of Melbourne, Australia Contemporary Frontiers in Statistics THURSDAY and future directions of frontier problems in statistics For further information and about building access
Department: Statistics Course No: STAT 261Q
Alpay, S. Pamir
Department: Statistics Course No: STAT 261Q Title: Statistical Computing Credits: 3 Contact : Dipak. Recommended preparation: An applied statistics course. Open only with consent of instructor. Introduction to computing for statistical problems; obtaining features of distributions, fitting models and implementing
The University of Chicago Department of Statistics
The University of Chicago Department of Statistics Statistics Colloquium Series MONTSERRAT FUENTES Department of Statistics North Carolina State University Nonparametric Spatial Models for Extremes events at different locations. Although the tools for statistical modeling of univariate extremes
The University of Chicago Department of Statistics
The University of Chicago Department of Statistics Seminar Series TONG ZHANG Department of Statistics Rutgers University High Dimensional Statistical Analysis for Complex Sparse Estimation Problems the seminar in Eckhart 110. ABSTRACT This talk presents theoretical results for high dimensional statistical
The University of Chicago Department of Statistics
The University of Chicago Department of Statistics Statistics Colloquium ALEKH AGARWAL Electrical Engineering and Computer Science University of California Berkeley Computation Meet Statistics: Trade that provide complementary lines of attack on this broader research agenda: (i) lower bounds for statistical
APS Operational Statistics for FY 2005
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
asdopslogo1.gif (2896 bytes) APS FY2005 Operational Statistics Back to Main Statistics Page FY 2005 Year-to-Date Statistics 2005 Statistics Summary HTML or PDF FY 2005...
C. R. Das; L. V. Laperashvili
2014-09-16T23:59:59.000Z
In the present paper we develop the self-consistent $Spin(4,4)$-invariant model of the unification of gravity with weak $SU(2)$ interactions in the assumption of the existence of visible and invisible sectors of the Universe. It was shown that the consequences of the multiple point principle predicting two degenerate vacua in the Standard Model (SM) suggest a theory of Inflation, in which the inflaton field $\\sigma$ starts trapped in a cold coherent state in the "false vacuum" of the Universe at the value of the Higgs field's VEV $v\\sim 10^{18}$ GeV (in the visible world). Then the inflations of the two Higgs doublet fields, visible $\\phi$ and mirror $\\phi'$, lead to the emergence of the SM vacua at the Electroweak scales with the Higgs boson VEVs $v_1\\approx 246$ GeV and $v'_1=\\zeta v_1$ (with $\\zeta \\sim 100$) in the visible and invisible worlds, respectively.
Kang, Annie
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In an effort to enable supply chain visibility for Intel products, the Customer Unit Level Traceability (ULT) Program was formed to help extend Intel's ULT capability to the customer level. Increased traceability of Intel ...
Origin of photoactivity of oxygen-deficient TiO{sub 2} under visible light
Lo, H.-H.; Gopal, Neeruganti O.; Ke, S.-C. [Department of Physics and Nanotechnology Research Center, National Dong Hwa University, Hualien 974-01, Taiwan (China)
2009-08-24T23:59:59.000Z
As it is now well established that oxygen vacancies are spontaneously introduced during nitrogen doping of anatase TiO{sub 2}, there is a lively debate on whether nitrogen dopant or oxygen vacancy contributes to the visible light photoactivity of the doped catalyst. We showed that the coordinately unsaturated Ti site is integral to the visible light photoactivity in anatase oxygen-deficient TiO{sub 2} catalyst. Accordingly, oxygen vacancies may contribute to the visible light photoactivities in N-doped TiO{sub 2} and other nonmetallic ion-doped TiO{sub 2} as well. A redox active visible light photocatalyst has been developed based on oxygen-deficient structure in anatase TiO{sub 2}.
STATISTICAL CONDENSATION OF METEOROLOGICAL OCEAN DATA FOR WIND
Sweetman, Bert
Optimizing profitability of offshore wind farms requires matching those design parameters that can the first offshore wind farm in East China Sea, which will which will produce 267 GWh for the energy market Optimization, Offshore Wind Turbines, Met-Ocean statistics INTRODUCTION Wind-energy is increasingly gaining
Timelike Killing Fields and Relativistic Statisti-cal Mechanics
Klein, David
system of particles. We derive an exact relativistic formula for the Helmholtz free energy of an ideal. Such an investigation was undertaken in [1], where an approximate Helmholtz Free Energy function was derived, us- ing statistical mechanical methods, for an ideal gas in orbit around the central mass in Schwarzschild spacetime
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Office of Legacy Management (LM)
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Statistics as a dynamical attractor
Michail Zak
2012-08-30T23:59:59.000Z
It is demonstrated that any statistics can be represented by an attractor of the solution to a corresponding systen of ODE coupled with its Liouville equation. Such a non-Newtonian representation allows one to reduce foundations of statistics to better established foundations of ODE. In addition to that, evolution to the attractor reveals possible micro-mechanisms driving random events to the final distribution of the corresponding statistical law. Special attention is concentrated upon the power law and its dynamical interpretation: it is demonstrated that the underlying dynamics supports a " violent reputation" of the power law statistics.
Statistical mechanics of the cytoskeleton
Wang, Shenshen
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
mechanics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.1bottom-up approach to cell mechanics. Nat. Phys. [6] Fabry,Wolynes, P. G. Statistical mechanics of a cat’s cradle. New
BP Statistical Review of World Energy | Open Energy Information
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Stine, Robert A.
Requirements for Statistics Concentration 6/9/11 The Statistics concentration or major are required, with at least 3 credit units from Statistics. STAT 621 may contribute in Statistics The following courses offered by the Department of Statistics are eligible
International petroleum statistics report
NONE
1995-07-27T23:59:59.000Z
The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1994; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1994; and OECD trade from 1984 through 1994.
International petroleum statistics report
NONE
1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
The International Petroleum Statistics Report is a monthly publication that provides current international data. The report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent 12 months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1996; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1996; and OECD trade from 1986 through 1996.
International petroleum statistics report
NONE
1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1994; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1994; and OECD trade from 1984 through 1994.
International petroleum statistics report
NONE
1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1995; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1995; and OECD trade from 1084 through 1994.
The University of Chicago Department of Statistics
The University of Chicago Department of Statistics Seminar Hira L. Koul Department of Statistics). Statistical methods for data with long-range dependence. (With discussion). Statist. Sci. 7, 404-427. Beran, J. (1994). Statistics for Long-Memory Processes. Monographs on Statistics and Applied Probab., 61. Chapman
Models for Millions Department of Statistics
Stine, Robert A.
Models for Millions Bob Stine Department of Statistics The Wharton School, UniversityDepartment of Statistics Introduction #12;WhartonDepartment of Statistics WhartonDepartment of Statistics Statistics in the News Hot topics Big Data Business Analytics Data Science Are the authors talking about statistics
Monthly energy review, July 1996
NONE
1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
This document presents an overview of the recent monthly energy statistics from the Energy Information Administration (EIA). Statistical data covers activities of U.S. production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for fossil fuels , nuclear energy, and electricity. Also included are international energy and thermal and metric conversion factors.
Monthly energy review, January 1996
NONE
1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This document presents an overview of the Energy Information Administration`s recent monthly energy statistics. The statistics cover the major activities of U.S. production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for petroleum,natural gas, coal, electricity, and nuclear energy. Also included are international energy and thermal metric conversion factors.
Kravets, V G
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Water splitting is unanimously recognized as environment friendly, potentially low cost and renewable energy solution based on the future hydrogen economy. Especially appealing is photo-catalytic water splitting whereby a suitably chosen catalyst dramatically improves efficiency of the hydrogen production driven by direct sunlight and allows it to happen even at zero driving potential. Here, we suggest a new class of stable photo-catalysts and the corresponding principle for catalytic water splitting in which infrared and visible light play the main role in producing the photocurrent and hydrogen. The new class of catalysts based on ionic binary metals with layered graphite-like structures which effectively absorb visible and infrared light facilitating the reaction of water splitting, suppress the inverse reaction of ion recombination by separating ions due to internal electric fields existing near alternating layers, provide the sites for ion trapping of both polarities, and finally deliver the electrons an...
ARM - Evaluation Product - Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer
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ARM - Field Campaign - Solmirus' All Sky Infrared Visible Analyzer (ASIVA)
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Statistical Issues in Searches for New Physics
Louis Lyons
2014-09-05T23:59:59.000Z
Given the cost, both financial and even more importantly in terms of human effort, in building High Energy Physics accelerators and detectors and running them, it is important to use good statistical techniques in analysing data. Some of the statistical issues that arise in searches for New Physics are discussed briefly. They include topics such as: Should we insist on the 5 sigma criterion for discovery claims? The probability of A, given B, is not the same as the probability of B, given A. The meaning of p-values. What is Wilks Theorem and when does it not apply? How should we deal with the `Look Elsewhere Effect'? Dealing with systematics such as background parametrisation. Coverage: What is it and does my method have the correct coverage? The use of p0 versus p1 plots.
ARM - Historical Visitor Statistics
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Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
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Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
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Holographic considerations on non-gaussian statistics and gravothermal catastrophe
Everton M. C. Abreu; Jorge Ananias Neto; Edesio M. Barboza Jr.; Rafael da C. Nunes
2014-08-18T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we have derived the equipartition law of energy using Tsallis formalism and the Kaniadakis power law statistics in order to obtain a modified gravitational constant. We have applied this result in the gravothermal collapse phenomenon. We have discussed the equivalence between Tsallis and the Kaniadakis statistics in the context of Verlinde entropic formalism. In the same way we have analyzed negative heat capacities in the light of gravothermal catastrophe. The relative deviations of the modified gravitational constants are derived.
Holographic considerations on non-gaussian statistics and gravothermal catastrophe
Abreu, Everton M C; Barboza, Edesio M; Nunes, Rafael da C
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we have derived the equipartition law of energy using Tsallis formalism and the Kaniadakis power law statistics in order to obtain a modified gravitational constant. We have applied this result in the gravothermal collapse phenomenon. We have discussed the equivalence between Tsallis and the Kaniadakis statistics in the context of Verlinde entropic formalism. In the same way we have analyzed negative heat capacities in the light of gravothermal catastrophe. The relative deviations of the modified gravitational constants are derived.
Statistics in the Landscape of Intersecting Brane Models
Florian Gmeiner
2008-03-24T23:59:59.000Z
An approach towards a statistical survey of four dimensional supersymmetric vacua in the string theory landscape is described and illustrated with three examples of ensembles of intersecting D-brane models. The question whether it is conceivable to make predictions based on statistical distributions is discussed. Especially interesting in this context are possible correlations between low energy observables. As an example we look at correlations between properties of the gauge sector of intersecting D-brane models and Gepner model constructions.
STATISTICAL FILTERING* John B. Moore~
Moore, John Barratt
noise signals. Theoretical developments in statistical filtering have been made side by side linkages will be made between these two major in filtering. in the developments In the classical approaches and the unwanted signals (noise) lie in another with possibly some overlap. In the statistical approach, the best
December 2000 A STATISTICAL TEST
December 2000 A STATISTICAL TEST SUITE FOR RANDOM AND PSEUDORANDOM NUMBER GENERATORS challenges in authentication protocols. NIST Special Publication (SP) 800-22, A Statistical Test Suite testing of random number and pseudorandom number generators (RNGs and PRNGs) that may be used for many
Monthly/Annual Energy Review - renewable section
Reports and Publications (EIA)
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Monthly and latest annual statistics on renewable energy production and consumption and overviews of fuel ethanol and biodiesel.
Development of Energy Balances for the State of California
Murtishaw, Scott; Price, Lynn; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Masanet, Eric; Worrell, Ernst; Sahtaye, Jayant
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
oil/statistics/crude_oil_receipts.html. California Energyoil/statistics/crude_oil_receipts.html. California Energy2004f. Foreign Sources of Crude Oil Imports to California
Posters Mean Fluxes of Visible Solar Radiation in Broken Clouds
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Refractive index of glass and its dipersion for visible light.
Smith, D. Y.; Karstens, W. (Physics); (Univ. of Vermont); (Saint Michael's Coll.)
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The classification of optical glass and empirical relations between the refractive index and its dispersion are discussed in terms of moments of the glass's IR and UV absorption spectra. The observed linear dependence of index on dispersion within glass families is shown to arise primarily from the approximately linear superposition of the electronic absorptions of glass former and glass modifiers. The binary classification into crown and flint glasses is also based primarily on electronic spectra: Crown glasses are 'wide-gap' materials with excitation energies greater than {approx}12.4 eV, while flint glasses are their 'narrow-gap' counterpart.
Graphene/GaN diodes for ultraviolet and visible photodetectors
Lin, Fang; Chen, Shao-Wen; Meng, Jie; Tse, Geoffrey; Fu, Xue-Wen; Xu, Fu-Jun [State Key Laboratory for Mesoscopic Physics, Department of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Shen, Bo; Liao, Zhi-Min, E-mail: liaozm@pku.edu.cn, E-mail: yudp@pku.edu.cn; Yu, Da-Peng, E-mail: liaozm@pku.edu.cn, E-mail: yudp@pku.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory for Mesoscopic Physics, Department of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Collaborative Innovation Center of Quantum Matter, Beijing (China)
2014-08-18T23:59:59.000Z
The Schottky diodes based on graphene/GaN interface are fabricated and demonstrated for the dual-wavelength photodetection of ultraviolet (UV) and green lights. The physical mechanisms of the photoelectric response of the diodes with different light wavelengths are different. For UV illumination, the photo-generated carriers lower the Schottky barrier and increase the photocurrent. For green light illumination, as the photon energy is smaller than the bandgap of GaN, the hot electrons excited in graphene via internal photoemission are responsible for the photoelectric response. Using graphene as a transparent electrode, the diodes show a ?mS photoresponse, providing an alternative route toward multi-wavelength photodetectors.
DAMAGE TO MITOCHONDRIAL ELECTRON TRANSPORT AND ENERGY COUPLING BY VISIBLE LIGHT
Aggarwal, B.B.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Nevada Test Site," Battelle Pacific Northwest LaboratoryANL-75-78, May 1976 . Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratorynow being studied at Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratory
Tufts University
Light Communication What is the problem? The white light-emitting diode (LED) stands at the threshold
DAMAGE TO MITOCHONDRIAL ELECTRON TRANSPORT AND ENERGY COUPLING BY VISIBLE LIGHT
Aggarwal, B.B.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
in surface soils are about 0.05 pCi/gm,20 about 1 percent ofof 100's or 1000's of pCi/gm. 22 guides (see ref. 23); In239pu were found to be a few pCi in In . about a factor of
CAN POLARIZED LIGHTING PANELS REDUCE ENERGY CONSUPTION AND IMPROVE VISIBILITY IN BUILDING INTERIORS?
Berman, S.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
65: 504. Effectiveness of Lighting Systems. 12. Blackwell,Factors to Practical Lighting Design and Appl. 4 (5): 45-53.communication with Bill Jones, Lighting Research Laboratory,
Oblique Aerial & Ground Visible Band & Thermographic Imaging | Open Energy
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DAMAGE TO MITOCHONDRIAL ELECTRON TRANSPORT AND ENERGY COUPLING BY VISIBLE LIGHT
Aggarwal, B.B.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor Program" (3 vols. ), U.S.Ci Liquid-metal fast breeder reactor fueled with depletedof water-cooled reactors, the In fast breeder In amount of
Eisen, Michael
#12;Sources: China National Bureau of Statistics; U.S. Energy Information Administration, Annual Energy Outlook. Overview:Overview: Energy Use in China and the U.S.Energy Use in China and the U.S. 5 0Energy Demand in China Lynn Price Staff Scientist February 2, 2010 #12;Founded in 1988 Focused
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
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Independent Statistics & Analysis
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
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Independent Statistics & Analysis
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
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Independent Statistics & Analysis
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
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Implementing Bayesian Statistics
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BAYESIAN STATISTICS 9, J. M. Bernardo, M. J. Bayarri, J. O. Berger, A. P. Dawid,
Green, Peter
for Bayesian computation. 1.1. Further de-mystifying free energy biased sampling Statistical science hasBAYESIAN STATISTICS 9, J. M. Bernardo, M. J. Bayarri, J. O. Berger, A. P. Dawid, D. Heckerman, A. F. M. Smith and M. West (Eds.) c Oxford University Press, 2010 Free energy biased sampling and mixture
Universality in the level statistics of disordered systems Heiko Bauke* and Stephan Mertens
Mertens, Stephan
of statistically independent energy levels we measured the distribution of k by exhaustive enu- merations of the EAUniversality in the level statistics of disordered systems Heiko Bauke* and Stephan Mertens (Received 5 February 2004; published 23 August 2004) Energy spectra of disordered systems share a common
Orientation statistics at fixation D Ganguli, J Freeman, U Rajashekar, and E P Simoncelli
Rajashekar, Umesh
Orientation statistics at fixation D Ganguli, J Freeman, U Rajashekar, and E P Simoncelli Presented statistics via the "orientation tensor" (Granlund & Knutsson, 1994), computed as the 2x2 covariance matrix be converted into three natural parameters: energy, orientedness, and orientation. Energy is the total variance
Crude closure dynamics through large scale statistical theories Marcus J. Grote and Andrew J. Majda
Majda, Andrew J.
Crude closure dynamics through large scale statistical theories Marcus J. Grote and Andrew J. Majda 10012-1185 Received 22 January 1997; accepted 9 July 1997 Crude closure algorithms based on equilibrium on equilibrium energy-enstrophy statistical theory, or two parameters, the energy and circulation, for crude
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Moore honored with American Statistical Association award
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) |govInstrumentsmfrirtA Journey Inside the Complex andFOUR Los Phase 1MillerYi LiuAmerican Statistical Association Award
Moore named an American Statistical Society Fellow
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) |govInstrumentsmfrirtA Journey Inside the Complex andFOUR Los Phase 1MillerYi LiuAmerican Statistical Association
Xu, Tengfang
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Statistics Denmark 2009b). Table 3 shows comparable information on cheese production and energy consumption
Mode visibilities in radial velocity and photometric Sun-as-a-star helioseismic observations
Salabert, David; Garcia, Rafael A
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We analyze more than 5000 days of high-quality Sun-as-a-star, radial velocity GOLF and photometric VIRGO/SPM helioseismic observations to extract precise estimates of the visibilities of the low-degree p modes and the m-height ratios of the l=2 and 3 multiplets in the solar acoustic spectrum. The mode visibilities are shown to be larger during the GOLF red-wing configuration than during the blue-wing configuration, and to decrease as the wavelength of the VIRGO/SPM channels increases. We also show that the mode visibilities are independent of the solar activity cycle and remain constant overall with time, but that nevertheless they follow short-term fluctuations on a time scale of a few months. The l=1 mode visibility also increases significantly toward the end of the year 1999. Comparisons with theoretical predictions are provided. Even though there is qualitative agreement, some significant discrepancies appear, especially for the l=3 modes. The limb darkening alone cannot explain the relative visibilities ...
Energy Use in China: Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
12, August, pp. 1499-1507 IEA, 1997. Indicators of Energyand Human Activity , Paris, IEA/OECD. Institute of EnergyInternational Energy Agency (IEA), 2001, Energy Statistics
Energy Use in China: Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
energy statistics. F rom apparent consumption figures (productionstatistics provide information on supply side. The energy data reports production of all energy sources in all regions, and consumption
Energy Use in China: Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
11 Calibration of the Energy Consumption Data forSectoral energy consumption data are available in publishedof the sectoral energy consumption data in the statistics
Ren, S. T.; Fan, G. H.; Liang, M. L.; Wang, Q. [Department of Optoelectronic Science, Harbin Institute of Technology at Weihai, Weihai 264209 (China); Zhao, G. L., E-mail: zhaoguoliang@hit.edu.cn [School of Materials and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology at Weihai, Weihai 264209 (China)
2014-02-14T23:59:59.000Z
The development of high-performance visible-light-responsive photocatalytic materials has attracted widespread interest due to their potential applications in the environmental and energy industries. In this work, hierarchical ZnO nanorods films were successfully prepared on the stainless steel mesh substrates via a simple two-step seed-assisted electrodeposition route. Cu{sub 2}O nanoparticles were then electrodeposited on the surface of ZnO nanorods to form the core-shell heterostructure. The synthesized ZnO/Cu{sub 2}O nanocomposites were characterized by X-ray diffraction, field-emission scanning electron microscopy, and UV-visible spectrophotometer. Due to the branched hierarchical morphologies and core-shell structure, ZnO/Cu{sub 2}O nanomaterials show a prominent visible-light-driven photocatalytic performance under the low-intensity light irradiation (40?mW/cm{sup 2}). The influence of some experimental parameters, such as Cu{sub 2}O loading amount, ZnO morphologies, the substrate type, and the PH of the Cu{sub 2}O precursor solution on ZnO/Cu{sub 2}O photocatalytic performance was evaluated.
Wang, Shixiong [School of Chemistry Science and Engineering, Yunnan University, No. 2, Green Lake North Road, Kunming 650091, Yunnan (China); Yang, Xiangjun, E-mail: 573134536@qq.com [School of Chemistry Science and Engineering, Yunnan University, No. 2, Green Lake North Road, Kunming 650091, Yunnan (China); Wang, Yapeng; Liu, Lixiang; Guo, Yuanyuan [School of Chemistry Science and Engineering, Yunnan University, No. 2, Green Lake North Road, Kunming 650091, Yunnan (China); Guo, Hong, E-mail: guohongcom@126.com [School of Chemistry Science and Engineering, Yunnan University, No. 2, Green Lake North Road, Kunming 650091, Yunnan (China); School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Qujing Normal University, Qujing 655000, Yunnan (China)
2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
Ti{sup 3+} self-doped yolk–shell structure titanium oxide nanoparticle aggregates are fabricated through an environmental template-free route and the reduction reaction at low temperature subsequently. After the Ti{sup 3+} doping, the reduced TiO{sub 2} sample exhibits a wide visible-light absorption ranged from 400 nm to 800 nm. The intrinsic hollow core–shell microstructure can make multiple reflections of light within the chamber, and thus results in more efficient use of the light source compared with solid structure. Besides, the large surface area can render the sample with a high activity. Therefore, Ti{sup 3+} self-doped yolk–shell structure titanium oxide exhibits a superior photocatalytic activity under visible light. This strategy is simple, cheap and mass-productive, which may shed light on a new avenue for large scale production of self-doped yolk–shell structural nano functional materials for catalyst, sensors, energy storage and other new applications. - Graphical abstract: A facile generic strategy is employed to prepare Ti{sup 3+} self-doped yolk–shell structure titanium oxide nanoparticle aggregates with the superior photocatalytic activity under visible light. - Highlights: • Yolk–shell TiO{sub 2} mesospheres are synthesized by solvothermal alcoholysis. • Ti{sup 3+} self-doped yolk–shell structure titanium oxide is obtained at low temperature. • It exhibits a remarkable photocatalytic activity.
Monthly energy review, April 1999
NONE
1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Monthly Energy Review (MER) presents an overview of the Energy Information Administration`s recent monthly energy statistics. The statistics cover the major activities of US production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, and nuclear energy. Also included are international energy and thermal and metric conversion factors. The MER is intended for use by Members of Congress, Federal and State agencies, energy analysts, and the general public.