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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "virtual temperature profiles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

ARM - Measurement - Virtual temperature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsVirtual temperature govMeasurementsVirtual temperature ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Virtual temperature The virtual temperature Tv = T(1 + rv/{epsilon}), where rv is the mixing ratio, and {epsilon} is the ratio of the gas constants of air and water vapor ( 0.622). Categories Atmospheric State Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems MWRP : Microwave Radiometer Profiler RWP : Radar Wind Profiler

2

Temperature-profile detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Temperature profiles at elevated temperature conditions are monitored by use of an elongated device having two conductors spaced by the minimum distance required to normally maintain an open circuit between them. The melting point of one conductor is selected at the elevated temperature being detected, while the melting point of the other is higher. As the preselected temperature is reached, liquid metal will flow between the conductors creating short circuits which are detectable as to location.

Not Available

1981-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

3

Temperature profile detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Temperature profiles at elevated temperature conditions are monitored by use of an elongated device having two conductors spaced by the minimum distance required to normally maintain an open circuit between them. The melting point of one conductor is selected at the elevated temperature being detected, while the melting point of the other is higher. As the preselected temperature is reached, liquid metal will flow between the conductors, creating short circuits which are detectable as to location.

Tokarz, Richard D. (West Richland, WA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Temperature profiles determine HRSG steam production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article examine how temperature profiles affect steam production in heat recovery steam generators(HRSG). A typical gas/steam temperature profile for a HRSG is shown. Heat balance equations for the superheater, evaporator, and the complete HRSG are given along with examples for calculating the HRSG temperature profiles after assuming the pinch and approach point temperatures.

Ganapathy, V.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Analytic Representations of Standard Atmosphere Temperature Profiles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analytic functions which approximate six commonly used standard temperature profiles (the AFGL set, and the 1976 U.S. Standard) are described. These provide a uniform way of rounding off the sharp corners of the original models, and have been ...

Stephen B. Fels

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Anomalous Spiking in Spectra of XCTD Temperature Profiles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The high vertical resolution of temperature and salinity measurements from expendable conductivity–temperature–depth (XCTD) instruments can be useful for inferring small-scale mixing rates in the ocean. However, XCTD temperature profiles show ...

Sarah T. Gille; Aaron Lombrozo; Janet Sprintall; Gordon Stephenson; Richard Scarlet

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Temperature Profiling with Neural Network Inversion of Microwave Radiometer Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A neural network is used to obtain vertical profiles of temperature from microwave radiometer data. The overall rms error in the retrieved profiles of a test dataset was only about 8% worse than the overall error using an optimized statistical ...

James H. Churnside; Thomas A. Stermitz; Judith A. Schroeder

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

A Numerical Method for Synthesizing Atmospheric Temperature and Humidity Profiles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A numerical technique is described for synthesizing realistic atmospheric temperature and humidity profiles. The method uses an ensemble of radiosonde measurements collected at a site of interest. Erroneous profiles are removed by comparing their ...

Maia S. Tatarskaia; Richard J. Lataitis; B. Boba Stankov; Viatcheslav V. Tatarskii

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Turbulence Patch Identification in Potential Density or Temperature Profiles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Thorpe analysis is a recognized method used to identify and characterize turbulent regions within stably stratified fluids. By comparing an observed profile of potential temperature or potential density to a reference profile obtained by ...

Richard Wilson; Hubert Luce; Francis Dalaudier; Jacques Lefrère

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Raman Lidar Profiles–Temperature (RLPROFTEMP) Value-Added Product  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this document is to describe the Raman Lidar Profiles–Temperature (RLPROFTEMP) value-added product (VAP) and the procedures used to derive atmospheric temperature profiles from the raw RL measurements. Sections 2 and 4 describe the input and output variables, respectively. Section 3 discusses the theory behind the measurement and the details of the algorithm, including calibration and overlap correction.

Newsom, RK; Sivaraman, C; McFarlane, SA

2012-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

11

Temperature and Humidity Profiles in Mesoscale Unsaturated Downdrafts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Profiles of temperature and humidity beneath precipitating anvil clouds in tropical convective systems suggest the presence of a mesoscale unsaturated downdraft there. In this paper, a one-dimensional, steady-state, hydrostatic model of a ...

Colleen A. Leary

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Quality Controls for Profiler Measurements of Winds and RASS Temperatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new method for estimating winds and radio acoustic sounding system temperatures from radar Doppler measurements for the new NOAA wind profilers is described. This method emphasizes the quality of 6-min measurements prior to the computation of ...

B. L. Weber; D. B. Wuertz; D. C. Welsh; R. McPeek

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

A Theory for the Retrievals of Virtual Temperature from Remote Measurements of Horizontal Winds and Thermal Radiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper develops a theory for the estimation of virtual temperature from remote measurements of (i) emitted thermal radiation by microwave and infrared radiometers and (ii) horizontal winds by Doppler radars (or lidars). The problem of ...

Tzvi Gal-Chen

1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Mean and Flux Horizontal Variability of Virtual Potential Temperature, Moisture, and Carbon Dioxide: Aircraft Observations and LES Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of the horizontal variability of surface properties on the turbulent fluxes of virtual potential temperature, moisture, and carbon dioxide are investigated by combining aircraft observations with large-eddy simulations (LESs). Daytime ...

Monica Górska; Jordi Vilà-Guerau de Arellano; Margaret A. LeMone; Chiel C. van Heerwaarden

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Temperature profile of the infrared image Heat exchange between  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

T Temperature profile of the infrared image Heat exchange between atmosphere and ocean References part at high frequencies delivers the exchange time. Cool skin of the ocean the net heat flux between gas exchange and wind speed over the ocean, J. Geophys. Res. 97, 7373-7381, 1992, Nightingale, P

Jaehne, Bernd

16

Rayleigh temperature profiles in a hydrogen diffusion flame  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Rayleigh scattering from a hydrogen-air laminar jet diffusion flame in combination with a numerical model of the flame has been used to determine temperature profiles. The model predictions of species concentration are used to calculate a mean Rayleigh cross-section which is used to relate the Rayleigh scattered intensity to temperature. Using an argon ion laser producing 7.5 watts at 488 nm and an optical multichannel analyzer (OMA), the scattered light was imaged into a spectrometer. The OMA was rotated 90 degrees to its normal orientation, allowing scans to be taken along the spectrometer exit slit. This resulted in a spatially resolved Rayleigh signal along the laser beam through the entire flame. Spatial resolution of 0.18 mm on each of the 500 detector elements with good signal-to-noise ratios was achieved even with integration times of only 0.03 second. Since the entire profile is made simultaneously, particulate perturbed profiles are easily recognized and discarded. Transverse profiles are presented to show flame structure. Axial profiles are compared to radiation corrected thermocouple measurements.

Smith, J.R.

1978-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Gluonic profile of the static baryon at finite temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The gluon flux distribution of a static three quark system has been revealed at finite temperature in the pure SU(3) Yang-Mills theory. An action density operator is correlated with three Polyakov loops representing the baryonic state at a temperatures near the end of the QCD plateau, T/T_c = 0.8, and another just before the deconfinement point, T/T_c = 0.9. The flux distributions at short distance separations between the quarks display an action-density profile consistent with a filled Delta shape iso-surface. However the Delta-shaped action iso-surface distributions are found to persist even at large inter-quark separations for both temperatures. The action density distribution in the quark plane exhibits a nonuniform pattern for all quark separations considered. This result contrasts the well-known Y-shaped uniform action density gluonic-flux profile obtained using the Wilson-loop as a quark source operator at zero temperature. We systematically measure and compare the main aspects of the profile of the flux distribution at the two considered temperature scales for three sets of isosceles triangle quark configurations. The radii, amplitudes and rate of change of the width of the flux distribution are found to reverse their behavior as the temperature increase from the end of the QCD plateau region towards the deconfinement point. Remarkably, we find the mean square width of the flux distribution shrinks and localizes for quark separations larger than 1.0 fm at T/T_c = 0.8 which results in an identifiable Y-shaped radius profile. Near the deconfinement point, the action-density delocalizes and the width broadens linearly at large quark separations.

Ahmed S. Bakry; Derek B. Leinweber; Anthony G. Williams

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

The Effect of Neglecting the Virtual Temperature Correction on CAPE Calculations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple theoretical analysis of the impact of neglecting the virtual correction on calculation of CAPE is made. This theory suggests that while ignoring the virtual correction does not introduce much error for large CAPE values, the relative ...

Charles A. Doswell III; Erik N. Rasmussen

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Temperature Profile Measurements During Heat Treatment of BSCCO 2212 Coils  

SciTech Connect

The temperature profile of two different BSCCO 2212 coils has been analyzed. The profiles are obtained from thermocouples imbedded in the windings during the heat treatment that activates the 2212. The melting and freezing of the 2212 is clearly observed. A model that describes the data and can be used to guide the processing of new coils has been developed. We have obtained the thermal history of two BSCCO coils, one from NHMFL (1) that had 10 layers of 1 mm diameter wire with 0.15 mm insulation and a second coil from OST that had 24 layers with similar insulation and conductor size. Both coils had thermocouples imbedded in the windings and excellent recordings of the temperature over the whole reaction cycle were available for analysis. There are several features that we will address in this note. Measurements have shown that the I{sub c} of the conductor is a sensitive function of its thermal history. This brings up the question of the absolute accuracy of the thermometry in the range around 882 C, the MP of 2212. The reference for the treatment profile is really related to this MP and to small deviations around it. Since the heat of fusion of 2212 is rather large, it generates a clear signal during the melting and cooling transition that automatically generates the relative temperature markers. The physics is the same as the way ice in water maintains an isothermal environment until it is all melted. A related question is the thermal response time of the coil package. The temperature cycles that are being used to optimize strand and small coils can have rapid changes easily implemented whereas a large coil may have such a large thermal time constant that the optimum cycle may not be attainable. A simple analytical model that works well for small solenoids has been developed and an ANSYS (5) program that works for larger coils with more complicated geometry has been set up but will not be discussed in this note.

Tollestrup, Alvin; /Fermilab

2011-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

20

Comparison of Radiosonde and GCM Vertical Temperature Trend Profiles: Effects of Dataset Choice and Data Homogenization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In comparisons of radiosonde vertical temperature trend profiles with comparable profiles derived from selected Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report (AR4) general circulation models (GCMs) driven by major ...

John R. Lanzante; Melissa Free

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "virtual temperature profiles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Effect of Volcanic Eruptions on the Vertical Temperature Profile in Radiosonde Data and Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Both observed and modeled upper-air temperature profiles show the tropospheric cooling and tropical stratospheric warming effects from the three major volcanic eruptions since 1960. Detailed comparisons of vertical profiles of Radiosonde ...

Melissa Free; John Lanzante

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Impact of Combining Temperature Profiles from Different Instruments on an Analysis of Mixed Layer Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For a joint analysis of temperature profiles from floats, expendable bathythermographs (XBTs), and other instruments (e.g., thermistor chains) the consistency of the profiles from the different sources needs to be ensured to avoid results with ...

Claudia Schmid

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

The Mind's Eye on Personal Profiles: A Cognitive Perspective on Profile Elements that Inform Initial Trustworthiness Assessments and Social Awareness in Virtual Project Teams  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Collaboration in virtual project teams heavily relies on interpersonal trust, for which perceived professional trustworthiness is an important determinant. In face to face teams colleagues form a first impression of each others trustworthiness based ... Keywords: CSCW, groupware, online identity, presence, social awareness, trust, virtual teams

Ellen Rusman; Jan Bruggen; Peter Sloep; Martin Valcke; Rob Koper

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

A New Microwave Temperature Profiler Â… First Measurements in Polar Regions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Microwave Temperature Profiler - First Microwave Temperature Profiler - First Measurements in Polar Regions E. N. Kadygrov, A. V. Koldaev, and A. S. Viazankin Central Aerological Observatory Moscow, Russia A. Argentini, and A. Conidi Institute of Atmospheric Physics CNR, Italy Introduction Temperature inversions are a ubiquitous feature of the high latitude atmospheric boundary layer (ABL). In Polar Regions, the temperature inversion is a complicated phenomenon involving interactions between surface radiative cooling, subsidence and warm air advection. In the period 1997-2002, several microwave temperature profilers were used to measure temperature inversion parameters at one of the three sites of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM)

25

A New Definition of the Virtual Temperature, Valid for the Atmosphere and the CO2-Rich Air of the Vadose Zone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In speleological environments, partial pressures of carbon dioxide (CO2) are often large enough to affect overall air density. Excluding this gas when defining the gas constant for air, a new definition is proposed for the virtual temperature T? ...

Andrew S. Kowalski; Enrique Pérez Sánchez-Cañete

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Extending the Antarctic Meteorological Record Using Ice-Sheet Temperature Profiles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two vertical ice temperature profiles from locations in the Antarctic Peninsula unaffected by meltwater are presented. A simple time-dependent heat diffusion-advection model is used to infer broad surface temperature variations in the Antarctic ...

K. W. Nicholls; J. G. Paren

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Assimilation of Temperature Profiles in a General Circulation Model of the Tropical Atlantic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thirty-six hundred temperature profiles collected during 1984 were assimilated into a multilayer primitive equation model of the tropical Atlantic Ocean. The method consists in a monthly correction of the simulated temperature field. Each month, ...

Alain Morliére; Gills Reverdin; Jacques Merle

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Virtual Exhibits  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Museum Exhibitions Norris Bradbury Museum Lobby Defense Gallery Research Gallery History Gallery TechLab Virtual Exhibits invisible utility element Virtual Exhibits Virtual...

29

Current profile reconstruction using electron temperature imaging diagnostics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flux surface shape information can be used to constrain the current profile for reconstruction of the plasma equilibrium. One method of inferring flux surface shape relies on plasma x-ray emission; however, deviations from the flux surfaces due to impurity and density asymmetries complicate the interpretation. Electron isotherm surfaces should correspond well to the plasma flux surfaces, and equilibrium constraint modeling using this isotherm information constrains the current profile. The KFIT code is used to assess the profile uncertainty and to optimize the number, location and SNR required for the Te detectors. As Te imaging detectors we consider tangentially viewing, vertically spaced, linear gas electron multiplier arrays operated in pulse height analysis (PHA) mode and multifoil soft x-ray arrays. Isoflux coordinate sets provided by T{sub e} measurements offer a strong constraint on the equilibrium reconstruction in both a stacked horizontal array configuration and a crossed horizontal and vertical beam system, with q{sub 0} determined to within {+-}4%. The required SNR can be provided with either PHA or multicolor diagnostic techniques, though the multicolor system requires {approx}x4 better statistics for comparable final errors.

Tritz, K.; Stutman, D.; Delgado-Aparicio, L.F.; Finkenthal, M.; Pacella, D.; Kaita, R.; Stratton, B.; Sabbagh, S. [Johns Hopkins University, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Plasma Spectroscopy Group, Bloomberg Center, 3400 N. Charles Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States); Associazione ENEA-EURATOM sulla Fusione, ENEA, Frascati (Italy); Princeton University Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States); Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States)

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Temperature-profile determination using frequency-domain reflectometry  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The temperature distribution along a coaxial electrical cable can be determined by means of frequency-domain reflectometry if the cable has an inner sheath of a suitable temperature-sensitive dielectric material. Such a technique would have advantages in cost and convenience over the conventional method of placing a separate thermocouple at each point where the temperature is to be measured. It would be especially useful for underground applications in assessing geothermal reservoirs and in instrumenting in situ coal-gasification and oil-shale-retorting experiments.

Lytle, R.J.; Myers, G.K.

1976-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

31

Remote Sensing of Temperature Profiles from a Combination of Observations from the Satellite-Based Microwave Sounding Unit and the Ground-Based Profiler  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Temperature profiles are derived from ground- and satellite-based microwave radiometric observations. Data taken by the NOAA Profiler during December 1981 to December 1982, at Stapleton International Airport, Denver, Colorado, are combined with ...

Ed R. Westwater; Wang Zhenhui; Norman C. Grody; Larry M. McMillin

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Determination of Atmospheric Temperature Profiles from a Statistical Combination of Ground-Based Profiler and Operational NOAA 6/7 Satellite Retrievals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radiometric soundings from the Wave Propagation Laboratory's ground-based Profiler, the NOAA 6/7 satellites, and the combination of the two, were compared in their ability to derive temperature and moisture profiles. Radiosonde data for the ...

E. R. Westwater; W. B. Sweezy; L. M. McMillin; Charles Dean

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Dynamic Stability of a Three-Layer Model with Discontinuous Profiles of Wind and Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A theoretical three-layer model for tropospheric gravity waves with discontinuous vertical profiles of both wind and temperature is examined. The asymmetry of the model increases the difficulty in solving the equations but allows a more accurate ...

Sebastián Monserrat; Clemente Ramis

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

An Integrated Approach toward Retrieving Physically Consistent Profiles of Temperature, Humidity, and Cloud Liquid Water  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is presented for deriving physically consistent profiles of temperature, humidity, and cloud liquid water content. This approach combines a ground-based multichannel microwave radiometer, a cloud radar, a lidar-ceilometer, the nearest ...

Ulrich Löhnert; Susanne Crewell; Clemens Simmer

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Measurements of Detailed Temperature Profiles within the Radar Range Gate Using the Range Imaging Technique  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present study applies the range imaging (RIM) technique to radio acoustic sounding system (RASS) measurements in an attempt to improve the vertical resolution of temperature profiles obtained by RASS measurements.

Jun-ichi Furumoto; Tomonori Shinoda; Atsushi Matsugatani; Toshitaka Tsuda

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Retrieval of Atmospheric Temperature Profiles from AMSU-A Measurement Using a Neural Network Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Backpropagation neural networks are applied to retrieve atmospheric temperature profiles and tropopause variables from the NOAA-15 Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-A (AMSU-A) measurement based on two different data sources. The first case uses ...

Lei Shi

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Retrieving Temperature and Geopotential Fields from a Network of Wind Profiler Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we extend the 1985 work of Kuo and Anthes to develop a method to derive temperature and geopotential information from a network of wind profiler observations, which we define as a thermodynamic retrieval technique. We first ...

Ying-Hwa Kuo; David O. Gill; Linsheng Cheng

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Measurements of the Air Temperature Profile near the Ground by Two Laser Beams  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two neon-helium gas lasers were used for temperatures profile measurements near the ground. The experiment was carried out during the cold season (when absolute humidity is small on the asphalt pavement) to be free from humidity effects. The ...

Takehisa Yokoi

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Long-Term Evaluation of Temperature Profiles Measured by an Operational Raman Lidar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the accuracy and calibration stability of temperature profiles derived from an operational Raman lidar over a two-year period from 1 January 2009 through 31 December 2010. The lidar, which uses the rotational Raman ...

Rob K. Newsom; David D. Turner; John E. M. Goldsmith

40

Long-Term Evaluation of Temperature Profiles Measured by an Operational Raman Lidar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the accuracy and calibration stability of temperature profiles derived from an operational Raman lidar over a 2-yr period from 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2010. The lidar, which uses the rotational Raman technique for ...

Rob K. Newsom; David D. Turner; John E. M. Goldsmith

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "virtual temperature profiles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Statistical Retrieval of Humidity Profiles from Precipitable Water Vapor and Surface Measurements of Humidity and Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new method is presented of statistical retrieval of humidity profiles based on measurements of surface temperature ?1, surface dewpoint ?2, and integrated water vapor ?3. In this method the retrieved values of humidity depend nonlinearly on ...

Viatcheslav V. Tatarskii; Maia S. Tatarskaia; Ed R. Westwater

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Fluid injection profiles: modern analysis of wellbore temperature survey  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Exact and approximate solutions for heat flow in a fluid injection well are presented. By using the approximate results, temperature surveys can be quickly analyzed in the field, and the well depths where fluids leave and the departing flow rates at these depths can be precisely determined. Although this method eliminates the need for indigenous and post injection shut-in temperatures, several surveys must be taken just before and during the injection period which can be as short as several hours. In the application described the method was used to locate the depths where hydraulic fractures were initiated in a hot dry rock geothermal well.

Murphy, H.D.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Temperature Profile Measurements in a Newly Constructed 30-Stage 5 cm Centrifugal Contactor pilot Plant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An annular centrifugal contactor pilot plant incorporating 30 stages of commercial 5 cm CINC V-02 units has been built and operated at INL during the past year. The pilot plant includes an automated process control and data acquisitioning system. The primary purpose of the pilot plant is to evaluate the performance of a large number of inter-connected centrifugal contactors and obtain temperature profile measurements within a 30-stage cascade. Additional solvent extraction flowsheet testing using stable surrogates is also being considered. Preliminary hydraulic testing was conducted with all 30 contactors interconnected for continuous counter-current flow. Hydraulic performance and system operational tests were conducted successfully but with higher single-stage rotor speeds found necessary to maintain steady interstage flow at flowrates of 1 L/min and higher. Initial temperature profile measurements were also completed in this configuration studying the performance during single aqueous and two-phase counter-current flow at ambient and elevated inlet solution temperatures. Temperature profile testing of two discreet sections of the cascade required additional feed and discharge connections. Lamp oil, a commercially available alkane mixture of C14 to C18 chains, and tap water adjusted to pH 2 were the solution feeds for all the testing described in this report. Numerous temperature profiles were completed using a newly constructed 30-stage centrifugal contactor pilot plant. The automated process control and data acquisition system worked very well throughout testing. Temperature data profiles for an array of total flowrates (FT) and contactor rpm values for both single-phase and two-phase systems have been collected with selected profiles and comparisons reported. Total flowrates (FT) ranged from 0.5-1.4 L/min with rotor speeds from 3500-4000 rpm. Solution inlet temperatures ranging from ambient up to 50° C were tested. Ambient temperature testing shows that a small amount of heat is added to the processed solution by the mechanical energy of the contactors. The temperature profiles match the ambient temperature of the laboratory but are nearly 10° C higher toward the middle of the cascade. Heated input solution testing provides temperature profiles with smaller temperature gradients and are more influenced by the temperature of the inlet solutions than the ambient laboratory temperature. The temperature effects of solution mixing, even at 4000 rpm, were insignificant in any of the studies conducted on lamp oil and water.

Troy G. Garn; Dave H. Meikrantz; Mitchell R. Greenhalgh; Jack D. Law

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Virtual Rapid Chloride Permeability Test  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... final temperature can be manually copied to the final temperature in the test conditions box ... Type of software: Virtual testing of chloride permeability. ...

2013-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

45

Recent Progress in Retrieving Air Temperature Profiles and Air-Sea Temperature Differences from Infrared and Microwave Scan...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Recent Progress in Retrieving Air Temperature Profiles Recent Progress in Retrieving Air Temperature Profiles and Air-Sea Temperature Differences from Infrared and Microwave Scanning Radiometer Data D. Cimini University of L'Aquila L'Aquila, Italy J. A. Shaw Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Montana State University Bozeman, Montana E. R. Westwater Cooperative Institute for Research in the Environmental Sciences University of Colorado National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado Introduction A system of two scanning radiometers has been developed by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Environmental Technology Laboratory (ETL) and deployed on the NOAA Ron H. Brown (RHB) Research Vessel (RV) during the Nauru99 cruise in the Tropical Western Pacific,

46

Electron density and temperature profile diagnostics for C-2 field reversed configuration plasmas  

SciTech Connect

The 9-point Thomson scattering diagnostic system for the C-2 field reversed configuration plasmas is improved and the measured electron temperature profiles are consistent with theoretical expectations. Rayleigh scattering revealed a finite line width of the ruby laser emission, which complicates density calibration. Taking advantage of the plasma wobble motion, density profile reconstruction accuracy from the 6-chord two-color CO{sub 2}/HeNe interferometer data is improved.

Deng, B. H.; Kinley, J. S.; Schroeder, J. [Tri Alpha Energy, Inc., Rancho Santa Margarita, California 92688 (United States)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

47

Comparison of temperature and humidity profiles with elastic-backscatter lidar data  

SciTech Connect

This contribution analyzes elastic-backscatter lidar data and temperature and humidity profiles from radiosondes acquired in Barcelona in July 1992. Elastic-backscatter lidar data reveal the distribution of aerosols within the volume of atmosphere scanned. By comparing this information with temperature and humidity profiles of the atmosphere at a similar time, we are able to asses de relationship among aerosol distribution and atmospheric stability or water content, respectively. Comparisons have shown how lidar`s revealed layers of aerosols correspond to atmospheric layers with different stability condition and water content.

Soriano, C. [Universidad Politecnica de Cataluna, Barcelona (Spain)]|[Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Buttler, W.T. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Baldasano, J.M. [Universidad Politecnica de Cataluna, Barcelona (Spain)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Atmospheric Temperature and Absolute Humidity Profiles over the Beaufort Sea and Amundsen Gulf from a Microwave Radiometer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Radiometrics MP-3000A microwave radiometric profiler (MWRP) provided high temporal resolution atmospheric profiles for temperature and absolute humidity up to 10 km, while 113 radiosondes were launched (and 68 were used in the analysis) over sea ...

Lauren M. Candlish; Richard L. Raddatz; Matthew G. Asplin; David G. Barber

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Temperature Profile of IR Blocking Windows Used in Cryogenic X-Ray Spectrometers  

SciTech Connect

Cryogenic high-resolution X-ray spectrometers are typically operated with thin IR blocking windows to reduce radiative heating of the detector while allowing good x-ray transmission. We have estimated the temperature profile of these IR blocking windows under typical operating conditions. We show that the temperature in the center of the window is raised due to radiation from the higher temperature stages. This can increase the infrared photon flux onto the detector, thereby increasing the IR noise and decreasing the cryostat hold time. The increased window temperature constrains the maximum window size and the number of windows required. We discuss the consequences for IR blocking window design.

Friedrich, S.; Funk, T.; Drury, O.; Labov, S.E.

2000-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

50

Mathematical simulation of temperature profiles within microwave heated wood made for wood-based nanocomposites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High intensive microwave pretreatment is a new method to modify wood for the fabrication of wood-based nanocomposites. Based on the physical law on heat transfer, a mathematical model to describe the temperature profiles within wood heated by high intensive ...

Xianjun Li, Yongfeng Luo, Hongbin Chen, Xia He, Jianxiong Lv, Yiqiang Wu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Interpreting Horizontal Well Flow Profiles and Optimizing Well Performance by Downhole Temperature and Pressure Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Horizontal well temperature and pressure distributions can be measured by production logging or downhole permanent sensors, such as fiber optic distributed temperature sensors (DTS). Correct interpretation of temperature and pressure data can be used to obtain downhole flow conditions, which is key information to control and optimize horizontal well production. However, the fluid flow in the reservoir is often multiphase and complex, which makes temperature and pressure interpretation very difficult. In addition, the continuous measurement provides transient temperature behavior which increases the complexity of the problem. To interpret these measured data correctly, a comprehensive model is required. In this study, an interpretation model is developed to predict flow profile of a horizontal well from downhole temperature and pressure measurement. The model consists of a wellbore model and a reservoir model. The reservoir model can handle transient, multiphase flow and it includes a flow model and a thermal model. The calculation of the reservoir flow model is based on the streamline simulation and the calculation of reservoir thermal model is based on the finite difference method. The reservoir thermal model includes thermal expansion and viscous dissipation heating which can reflect small temperature changes caused by pressure difference. We combine the reservoir model with a horizontal well flow and temperature model as the forward model. Based on this forward model, by making the forward calculated temperature and pressure match the observed data, we can inverse temperature and pressure data to downhole flow rate profiles. Two commonly used inversion methods, Levenberg- Marquardt method and Marcov chain Monte Carlo method, are discussed in the study. Field applications illustrate the feasibility of using this model to interpret the field measured data and assist production optimization. The reservoir model also reveals the relationship between temperature behavior and reservoir permeability characteristic. The measured temperature information can help us to characterize a reservoir when the reservoir modeling is done only with limited information. The transient temperature information can be used in horizontal well optimization by controlling the flow rate until favorite temperature distribution is achieved. With temperature feedback and inflow control valves (ICVs), we developed a procedure of using DTS data to optimize horizontal well performance. The synthetic examples show that this method is useful at a certain level of temperature resolution and data noise.

Li, Zhuoyi

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Virtual Tour  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

*. Bookmark and Share. EBIT Laboratory. EBIT Laboratory Virtual Tour. Click one of the six movies below to download, then ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

53

Vertical Temperature Profiles at Maximum Entropy Production with a Net Exchange Radiative Formulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Like any fluid heated from below, the atmosphere is subject to vertical instability which triggers convection. Convection occurs on small time and space scales, which makes it a challenging feature to include in climate models. Usually sub-grid parameterizations are required. Here, we develop an alternative view based on a global thermodynamic variational principle. We compute convective flux profiles and temperature profiles at steady-state in an implicit way, by maximizing the associated entropy production rate. Two settings are examined, corresponding respectively to the idealized case of a gray atmosphere, and a realistic case based on a Net Exchange Formulation radiative scheme. In the second case, we are also able to discuss the effect of variations of the atmospheric composition, like a doubling of the carbon dioxide concentration.

Herbert, Corentin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Estimating Liquid Fluxes in Thermally Perturbed Fractured Rock Using Measured Temperature Profiles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A new temperature-profile method was recently developed for analyzing perturbed flow conditions in superheated porous media. The method uses high-resolution temperature data to estimate the magnitude of the heat-driven liquid and gas fluxes that form as a result of boiling, condensation, and recirculation of pore water. In this paper, we evaluate the applicability of this new method to the more complex flow behavior in fractured formations with porous rock matrix. In such formations, with their intrinsic heterogeneity, the porous but low-permeable matrix provides most of the mass and heat storage capacity, and dominates conductive heat transfer, Fractures, on the other hand, offer highly effective conduits for gas and liquid flow, thereby generating significant convective heat transfer. After establishing the accuracy of the temperature-profile method for fractured porous formations, we apply the method in analyzing the perturbed flow conditions in a large-scale underground heater test conducted in unsaturated fractured porous tuff. The flux estimates for this test indicate a significant reflux of water near the heat source, on the order of a few hundred millimeter per year-much larger than the ambient percolation flux of only a few millimeter per year.

J.T. Birkholzer

2005-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

55

Underestimation of oxygen deficiency hazard through use of linearized temperature profiles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The failure mode analysis for any cryogenic system includes the effects of a large liquid spill due to vessel rupture or overfilling. The Oxygen Deficiency Hazard (ODH) analysis for this event is a strong function of the estimated heat flux entering the spilled liquid. A common method for estimating the heat flux is to treat the surface on which the liquid spills as a semi-infinite solid. This note addresses the effect of linearizing the temperature profile in this form of analysis, and shows it to cause the calculated flux to be underestimated by more than a factor of two. 3 refs., 2 figs.

Kerby, J.

1989-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

56

Two-tracer spectroscopy diagnostics of temperature profile in the conduction layer of a laser-ablated plastic foil  

SciTech Connect

A technique that combines the diagnostics of electron temperature history and the measurements of ablation velocity with two-tracer x-ray spectroscopy has been developed for diagnosing the temperature profiles in the thermal conduction layers of laser-ablated plastic foils. The electron temperature in the plastic ablator was diagnosed using the isoelectronic line ratios of Al Ly{alpha} line to Mg Ly{alpha} line, emitted from a tracer layer of Al/Mg mixture buried under the ablator. The ablation velocity was inferred from the time delay between the onset time of x-ray line emissions from Al and Mg tracer layers buried at two depths in the ablator, respectively. From the measured electron temperatures and ablation velocity, the electron temperature profile in the conduction layer was inferred. The measured temperature profile was compared with the simulated one and reasonable agreement was found.

Zhang Jiyan; Yang Guohong; Hu Xin; Yang Jiamin; Ding Yaonan; Ding Yongkun; Zhang Baohan; Zheng Zhijian [Research Center of Laser Fusion, P. O. Box 919-986, Mianyang 621900 (China); Xu Yan; Yan Jun; Pei Wenbin [Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Beijing 100088 (China)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

57

Assimilating AIRS Temperature and Mixing Ratio Profiles Using an Ensemble Kalman Filter Approach for Convective-Scale Forecasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One satellite data product that has received great interest in the numerical weather prediction community is the temperature and mixing ratio profiles derived from the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) instrument on board the Aqua satellite. ...

Thomas A. Jones; David J. Stensrud

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Scaling Laws and Temperature Profiles for Solar and Stellar Coronal Loops with Non-uniform Heating  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The bulk of solar coronal radiative loss consists of soft X-ray emission from quasi-static loops at the cores of Active Regions. In order to develop diagnostics for determining the heating mechanism of these loops from observations by coronal imaging instruments, I have developed analytical solutions for the temperature structure and scaling laws of loop strands for a wide range of heating functions, including footpoint heating, uniform heating, and heating concentrated at the loop apex. Key results are that the temperature profile depends only weakly on the heating distribution -- not sufficiently to be of significant diagnostic value -- and that the scaling laws survive for this wide range of heating distributions, but with the constant of proportionality in the RTV scaling law ($P_{0}L \\thicksim T_{max}^3$) depending on the specific heating function. Furthermore, quasi-static analytical solutions do not exist for an excessive concentration of heating near the loop footpoints, a result in agreement with recent numerical simulations. It is demonstrated that a generalization of the solutions to the case of a strand with a variable diameter leads to only relatively small correction factors in the scaling laws and temperature profiles for constant diameter loop strands. A quintet of leading theoretical coronal heating mechanisms is shown to be captured by the formalism of this paper, and the differences in thermal structure between them may be verified through observations. Preliminary results from full numerical simulations demonstrate that, despite the simplifying assumptions, the analytical solutions from this paper are stable and accurate.

P. C. H. Martens

2008-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

59

DOE/SC-ARM/TR-120 Raman Lidar Profiles-Temperature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 0 Raman Lidar Profiles-Temperature (RLPROFTEMP) Value-Added Product RK Newsom C Sivaraman SA McFarlane October 2012 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or

60

Virtual PCR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) stands among the keystone technologies for analysis of biological sequence data. PCR is used to amplify DNA, to generate many copies from as little as a single template. This is essential, for example, in processing forensic DNA samples, pathogen detection in clinical or biothreat surveillance applications, and medical genotyping for diagnosis and treatment of disease. It is used in virtually every laboratory doing molecular, cellular, genetic, ecologic, forensic, or medical research. Despite its ubiquity, we lack the precise predictive capability that would enable detailed optimization of PCR reaction dynamics. In this LDRD, we proposed to develop Virtual PCR (VPCR) software, a computational method to model the kinetic, thermodynamic, and biological processes of PCR reactions. Given a successful completion, these tools will allow us to predict both the sequences and concentrations of all species that are amplified during PCR. The ability to answer the following questions will allow us both to optimize the PCR process and interpret the PCR results: What products are amplified when sequence mixtures are present, containing multiple, closely related targets and multiplexed primers, which may hybridize with sequence mismatches? What are the effects of time, temperature, and DNA concentrations on the concentrations of products? A better understanding of these issues will improve the design and interpretation of PCR reactions. The status of the VPCR project after 1.5 years of funding is consistent with the goals of the overall project which was scoped for 3 years of funding. At half way through the projected timeline of the project we have an early beta version of the VPCR code. We have begun investigating means to improve the robustness of the code, performed preliminary experiments to test the code and begun drafting manuscripts for publication. Although an experimental protocol for testing the code was developed, the preliminary experiments were tainted by contaminated products received from the manufacturer. Much knowledge has been gained in the development of the code thus far, but without final debugging, increasing its robustness and verifying it against experimental results, the papers which we have drafted to share our findings still require the final data necessary for publication. The following sections summarize our final progress on VPCR as it stands after 1.5 years of effort on an ambitious project scoped for a 3 year period. We have additional details of the methods than are provided here, but would like to have legal protection in place before releasing them. The result of this project, a suite of programs that predict PCR products as a function of reaction conditions and sequences, will be used to address outstanding questions in pathogen detection and forensics at LLNL. VPCR should enable scientists to optimize PCR protocols in terms of time, temperature, ion concentration, and primer sequences and concentrations, and to estimate products and error rates in advance of performing experiments. Our proposed capabilities are well ahead of all currently available technologies, which do not model non-equilibrium kinetics, polymerase extension, or predict multiple or undesired PCR products. We are currently seeking DHS funding to complete the project, at which time licensing opportunities will be explored, an updated patent application will be prepared, and a publication will be submitted. A provisional and a full patent application have already been filed (1).

Gardner, S N; Clague, D S; Vandersall, J A; Hon, G; Williams, P L

2006-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "virtual temperature profiles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Lithologic descriptions and temperature profiles of five wells in the southwestern Valles caldera region, New Mexico  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The subsurface stratigraphy and temperature profiles of the southern and western Valles caldera region have been well constrained with the use of data from the VC-1, AET-4, WC 23-4, PC-1 and PC-2 wells. Data from these wells indicate that thermal gradients west of the caldera margin are between 110 and 140)degrees)C/km, with a maximum gradient occurring in the bottom of PC-1 equal to 240)degrees)C/km as a result of thermal fluid flow. Gradients within the caldera reach a maximum of 350)degrees)C/km, while the maximum thermal gradient measured southwest of the caldera in the thermal outflow plume is 140)degrees)C/km. The five wells exhibit high thermal gradients (>60)deghrees)C/km) resulting from high conductive heat flow associated with the Rio Grande rift and volcanism in the Valles caldera, as well as high convective heat flow associated with circulating geothermal fluids. Gamma logs run in four of the five wells appear to be of limited use for stratigraphic correlations in the caldera region. However, stratigraphic and temperature data from the five wells provide information about the structure and thermal regime of the southern and western Valles caldera region. 29 refs., 9 figs. 2 tabs.

Shevenell, L.; Goff, F.; Miles, D.; Waibel, A.; Swanberg, C.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Using Bayesian Analysis and Gaussian Processes to Infer Electron Temperature and Density Profiles on the MAST Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A unified, Bayesian inference of midplane electron temperature and density profiles using both Thompson scattering (TS) and interferometric data is presented. Beyond the Bayesian nature of the analysis, novel features of the inference are the use of a Gaussian process prior to infer a mollification length-scale of inferred profiles and the use of Gauss-Laguerre quadratures to directly calculate the depolarisation term associated with the TS forward model. Results are presented from an application of the method to data from the high resolution TS system on the Mega-Ampere Spherical Tokamak, along with a comparison to profiles coming from the standard analysis carried out on that system.

von Nessi, G T

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Developing virtual storytellers for the virtual Alhambra  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thanks to the technological advances in the last ten years, the recreation of 3D virtual worlds is becoming increasingly popular in several application fields. Desktop virtual reality is one of the best ways of reaching a good number of users through ... Keywords: interactive storytelling, virtual reality, virtual storyteller, virtual tourism

José L. Fuertes; Ángel L. González; Gonzalo Mariscal; Carlos Ruiz

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Prospects for Temperature Sounding with Satellite and Ground-based RASS Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Temperature profiles from the TIROS-N Operational Vertical Sounder (TOVS) were combined with low-altitude virtual temperature profiles measured by a ground-based 915-MHz/2-kHz radio acoustic sounding system (RASS) at Denver, Colorado. Low-level ...

J. A. Schroeder; E. R. Westwater; P. T. May; L. M. McMillin

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

MODEL FOR ALFVEN WAVE TURBULENCE IN SOLAR CORONAL LOOPS: HEATING RATE PROFILES AND TEMPERATURE FLUCTUATIONS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It has been suggested that the solar corona may be heated by dissipation of Alfven waves that propagate up from the solar photosphere. According to this theory, counterpropagating Alfven waves are subject to nonlinear interactions that lead to turbulent decay of the waves and heating of the chromospheric and coronal plasma. To test this theory, better models for the dynamics of Alfven waves in coronal loops are required. In this paper, we consider wave heating in an active region observed with the Solar Dynamics Observatory in 2010 May. First a three-dimensional (3D) magnetic model of the region is constructed, and ten magnetic field lines that match observed coronal loops are selected. For each loop we construct a 3D magnetohydrodynamic model of the Alfven waves near the selected field line. The waves are assumed to be generated by footpoint motions inside the kilogauss magnetic flux elements at the two ends of the loop. Based on such models, we predict the spatial and temporal profiles of the heating along the selected loops. We also estimate the temperature fluctuations resulting from such heating. We find that the Alfven wave turbulence model can reproduce the observed characteristics of the hotter loops in the active region core, but the loops at the periphery of the region have large expansion factors and are predicted to be thermally unstable.

Asgari-Targhi, M.; Van Ballegooijen, A. A. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street MS-15, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

2012-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

66

ARM: G-band (183 GHz) Vapor Radiometer profiler: 15 microwave brightness temperatures from 170.0 to 183.3 GHz  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

G-band (183 GHz) Vapor Radiometer profiler: 15 microwave brightness temperatures from 170.0 to 183.3 GHz

Maria Cadeddu

67

Deriving the Surface Soil Heat Flux from Observed Soil Temperature and Soil Heat Flux Profiles Using a Variational Data Assimilation Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel approach to infer surface soil heat fluxes from measured profiles of soil temperature, soil heat flux, and observations of the vegetation canopy temperature and the incoming shortwave radiation is evaluated for the Cabauw measurement ...

R. J. Ronda; F. C. Bosveld

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Virtual impactor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A virtual impactor having improved efficiency and low wall losses in which a core of clean air is inserted into the aerosol flow while aerosol flow is maintained adjacent inner wall surfaces of the focusing portion of the impactor. The flow rate of the core and the length of the throat of the impactor's collection probe, as well as the dimensional relationships of other components of the impactor adjacent the separation region of the impactor, are selected to optimize separation efficiency.

Yeh, Hsu-Chi (Albuquerque, NM); Chen, Bean T. (Albuquerque, NM); Cheng, Yung-Sung (Albuquerque, NM); Newton, George J. (Albuquerque, NM)

1988-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

69

Effects of Small-Scale Vertical Motion on Radar Measurements of Wind and Temperature Profiles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertical velocities were observed during the month of June 1990 with two side-by-side wind profilers at Platteville, Colorado. Many of the observations reveal strong wave motion, probably mountain lee waves, that sometimes caused vertical ...

B. L. Weber; D. B. Wuertz; D. C. Law; A. S. Frisch; J. M. Brown

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Retrieving Horizontal Temperature Gradients and Advections from Single-Station Wind Profiler Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertical wind shears measured by the Plattevilie, Colorado wind profiler were used in conjunction with the geostrophic thermal wind equation to retrieve the horizontal thermal gradients and associated advections for a case involving an upper-...

Paul J. Neiman; M. A. Shapiro

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Pseudovertical Temperature Profiles and the Urban Heat Island Measured by a Temperature Datalogger Network in Phoenix, Arizona  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of an air-quality field campaign conducted in Phoenix, Arizona, during the summer of 2001, a network of temperature dataloggers and surface meteorological stations was deployed across the metropolitan area for a 61-day period. The ...

Jerome D. Fast; Joel C. Torcolini; Randy Redman

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Evaluation of virtual routing appliances as routers virtual environment.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A virtual routing appliance is a system for the rapid, automated management and employment of virtual networks. Virtual routing appliances utilize virtual machines to enable… (more)

Al-Amoudi, Ahmed

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Virtual impactor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A virtual impactor is described having improved efficiency and low wall losses in which a core of clean air is inserted into the aerosol flow while aerosol flow is maintained adjacent to the inner wall surfaces of the focusing portion of the impactor. The flow rate of the core and the length of the throat of the impactor's collection probe, as well as the dimensional relationships of other components of the impactor adjacent the separation region of the impactor, are selected to optimize separation efficiency. 4 figs.

Yeh, H.C.; Chen, B.T.; Cheng, Y.S.; Newton, G.J.

1988-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

74

Virtual Classroom | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Virtual Classroom Virtual Classroom Adobe Connect is as web conferencing tool that is being used as a virtual classroom in an ongoing pilot to conduct virtual Instructor Led...

75

Prediction of velocity and temperature profiles in thermally driven gravity currents applied to stratified thermal storage tanks  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

It has been demonstrated that one way of producing thin thermoclines in a chilled water thermal storage tank is by introducing the fluid in the form of a gravity current. Early in the flow the gravity current is controlled mainly by inertia and buoyancy forces, producing what is called the inertia-buoyancy (I-B) regime. Subsequently, the viscous force dominates inertia, and the flow is governed by viscous and buoyancy forces, resulting in the viscous-buoyancy (V-B) regime. In the work to be reported, vertical profiles of velocity and temperature in two-dimensional, thermally driven, constant inflow gravity currents were studied. This was done to provide a basis for understanding the initial stages of the formation of a thermocline. The gravity current was modelled with three regions, the head, the main body and the mixed region. In this analysis, the head was ignored and a laminar flow model was used to predict velocity and temperature profiles in the main body near the floor and in the mixed region above the main body and behind the head. Analytical and numerical models were developed for both regimes. Major features of the I-B regime temperature above the floor to an elevation roughly equal to the top of the inlet diffuser opening and a high gradient region above the top of the inlet opening. Velocity profiles in the I-B regime velocity profiles and also higher gradients above the top of the inlet opening than those in the V-B regime. 6 refs., 8 figs.

Nakos, J.T.; Wildin, M.W.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

PNNL: About - Virtual Tour  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tour PNNL Virtually Virtual Tour How to Navigate Before being directed to the tour webpage, here are few instructions on how to navigate. To move directly into the virtual tour,...

77

Virtual Prairie  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Visualizing a Real Prairie: Visualizing a Real Prairie: Tools to Represent Your Data Site Index for ( Quadrat Study Project - Prairie Advocates Project - Online Prairie Data) You may use the virtual prairies you create in your presentation. You will need to save the screen or browser window to save the images you create. On the Macintosh, you type open apple-shift-3 to make a Picture file on the hard drive. You can edit these files with Adobe Photoshop or other image editing applications and put them in your report. On a PC with Windows 95, you can type the key combination of "print screen" and the alt key to save what you have displayed in the browser window to the clipboard and then paste it into an image editing application or directly into your report. Create a Quadrat Using Real Data.

78

Thermodynamic phase profiles of optically thin midlatitude clouds and their relation to temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

parameterizations of cloud phase in general circulation models. However, other aircraft campaigns and different in the Arctic. The relationship between ice phase occurrence and temperature only slightly changes between cloud interest, as they occur in a temperature range where cloud phase can either be liquid, ice, or mixed

79

Extraction of Geopotential Height and Temperature Structure from Profiler and Rawinsonde Winds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mesoscale height and temperature fields can be extracted from the observed wind field by making use of the full divergence equation. Mass changes associated with irrotational ageostrophic motions are retained for a nearly complete description of ...

Steven Businger; Michael E. Adams; Steven E. Koch; Michael L. Kaplan

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Diagnosis of Radiosonde Vertical Temperature Trend Profiles: Comparing the Influence of Data Homogenization versus Model Forcings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements from radiosonde temperatures have been used in studies that seek to identify the human influence on climate. However, such measurements are known to be contaminated by artificial inhomogeneities introduced by changes in instruments ...

John R. Lanzante

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "virtual temperature profiles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Wind and Temperature Profiles in the Radix Layer: The Bottom Fifth of the Convective Boundary Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the middle of the convective atmospheric boundary layer is often a deep layer of vertically uniform wind speed (MUL), wind direction, and potential temperature (?UL). A radix layer is identified as the whole region below this uniform layer, ...

Edi Santoso; Roland Stull

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Diagnosing Short Term Changes in Temperature. Profiles from Single Doppler Radar Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is outlined to diagnose temperature changes aloft from single Doppler radar data and an initial radiosonde observation. One aim is to deduce changes in inversion strength and stability between synoptic soundings, which is particularly ...

R. M. Raibin

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

The Vertical Profile of Wind and Temperature in Cyclones and Anticyclones over the Eastern Two-Thirds of the United States: A Climatology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A climatological analysis, based upon operational surface and upper-air data from 1957 to 1994, of the wind and temperature profiles composited with respect to each quadrant of surface cyclones and anticyclones, is presented for the eastern two-...

Howard B. Bluestein; Peter C. Banacos

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

A Study of a Retrieval Method for Temperature and Humidity Profiles from Microwave Radiometer Observations Based on Principal Component Analysis and Stepwise Regression  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses the application of principal component analysis and stepwise regression in the retrieval of vertical profiles of temperature and humidity based on the measurements of a 35-channel microwave radiometer. It uses the radiosonde ...

Haobo Tan; Jietai Mao; Huanhuan Chen; P. W. Chan; Dui Wu; Fei Li; Tao Deng

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Ground-Based Temperature and Humidity Profiling Using Spectral Infrared and Microwave Observations. Part I: Simulated Retrieval Performance in Clear-Sky Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two independent ground-based passive remote sensing methods are used to retrieve lower-tropospheric temperature and humidity profiles in clear-sky cases. A simulation study for two distinctly different climatic zones is performed to evaluate the ...

Ulrich Löhnert; D. D. Turner; S. Crewell

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Virtual Laboratories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

At the frontier of most areas in science, computer simulations play a central role. The traditional division of natural science into experimental and theoretical investigations is now completely outdated. Instead, theory, simulation, and experimentation form three equally essential aspects, each with its own unique flavor and challenges. Yet, education in computational science is still lagging far behind, and the number of text books in this area is minuscule compared to the many text books on theoretical and experimental science. As a result, many researchers still carry out simulations in a haphazard way, without properly setting up the computational equivalent of a well equipped laboratory. The art of creating such a virtual laboratory, while providing proper extensibility and documentation, is still in its infancy. A new approach is described here, Open Knowledge, as an extension of the notion of Open Source software. Besides open source code, manuals, and primers, an open knowledge project provides simulated dialogues between code developers, thus sharing not only the code, but also the motivations behind the code.

Piet Hut

2006-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

87

The metaplastic virtual spaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Virtual reality systems need new metaphors for their communication. This paper presents a fuzzy enhanced semantic virtual space model. The application of the model tries to improve its conceptualization and definition of a new virtual world system. The ... Keywords: fuzzy, metaphysical, semantic spaces, synaesthesia, virtual reality

Gianluca Mura

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Deeply Virtual Neutrino Scattering  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the extension of the deeply virtual Compton scattering process into the weak interaction sector.

Ales Psaker

2007-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

89

Virtual Optical Comparator  

SciTech Connect

The Virtual Optical Comparator, VOC, was conceived as a result of the limitations of conventional optical comparators and vision systems. Piece part designs for mechanisms have started to include precision features on the face of parts that must be viewed using a reflected image rather than a profile shadow. The VOC concept uses a computer generated overlay and a digital camera to measure features on a video screen. The advantage of this system is superior edge detection compared to traditional systems. No vinyl charts are procured or inspected. The part size and expensive fixtures are no longer a concern because of the range of the X-Y table of the Virtual Optical Comparator. Product redesigns require only changes to the CAD image overlays; new vinyl charts are not required. The inspection process is more ergonomic by allowing the operator to view the part sitting at a desk rather than standing over a 30 inch screen. The procurement cost for the VOC will be less than a traditional comparator with a much smaller footprint with less maintenance and energy requirements.

Thompson, Greg

2008-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

90

Virtual button interface  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method of issuing commands to a computer by a user interfacing with a virtual reality environment. To issue a command, the user directs gaze at a virtual button within the virtual reality environment, causing a perceptible change in the virtual button, which then sends a command corresponding to the virtual button to the computer, optionally after a confirming action is performed by the user, such as depressing a thumb switch.

Jones, Jake S. (Albuquerque, NM)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Virtual button interface  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method of issuing commands to a computer by a user interfacing with a virtual reality environment are disclosed. To issue a command, the user directs gaze at a virtual button within the virtual reality environment, causing a perceptible change in the virtual button, which then sends a command corresponding to the virtual button to the computer, optionally after a confirming action is performed by the user, such as depressing a thumb switch. 4 figs.

Jones, J.S.

1999-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

92

Direct potential and temperature effects on the MgHe line-core and far-wing photoabsorption profiles  

SciTech Connect

The present study deals with the collisional broadening of monatomic magnesium, evolving in a helium buffer gas, in the wavelength and temperature ranges 260-310 nm and 100-3000 K, respectively. The computed emission and absorption spectral profiles are based on the most recent potential-energy curves and transition dipole moments. The required interatomic Mg(3s{sup 2})+He(1s{sup 2}) and Mg(3s3p)+He(1s{sup 2}) potentials are constructed from two different sets. The purpose of this treatment is twofold. First, using the quantum-mechanical Baranger impact approximation, the width and shift of the line-core spectra are determined and their variation law with temperature is examined. Then, the satellite structures in the blue and red wings are analyzed quantum mechanically. The calculations show especially that the free-free transitions contribute most to the MgHe photoabsorption spectra and that a satellite structure is observable beyond the temperature 1800 K around the wavelengths 272 or 276 nm, depending on the used potential set. Weak satellites have also been investigated and, for all cases, the obtained results showed good agreement with those already published.

Reggami, L. [Physics Department, Badji Mokhtar University, B.P. 12, Annaba 23000 (Algeria); Bouledroua, M. [Laboratoire de Physique des Rayonnements, Badji Mokhtar University, B.P. 12, Annaba 23000 (Algeria)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

93

On the temperature profile of radiatively efficient geometrically thin disks in black hole binaries with the ASCA GIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

X-ray spectra of black hole binaries(BHBs) in the high/soft state were studied comprehensively by using ASCA GIS data, and partially RXTE PCA data. A mathematical disk model was applied to several BHBs to see if the observed accretion disk temperature profile was consistent with that expected from the standard accretion disk model. This model is called p-free disk, and assumes that the spectrum is composed of multi-temperature blackbody emission of which the local temperature T(r) at radius r is given by T(r) ~ r^-p with p being a positive free parameter. The standard disk roughly requires p~3/4, while a small deviation is expected depending on the inner boundary conditions, general relativistic effects and disk vertical structures.Our sample objects included LMC X-1, LMC X-3, XTE J2012+381, and GRO J1655-40. During the ASCA observations, these BHBs showed characteristics of the standard high/soft state. Under the standard modeling of high-state black hole binaries, the sources show Tin=0.76-1.17keV, the disk...

Kubota, A; Makishima, K; Nakazawa, K; Kubota, Aya; Ebisawa, Ken; Makishima, Kazuo; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Hot Virtual Reality Sites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Further, NIST does not endorse any commercial ... Academia Clemson University's VR research and activities. ... a good section on virtual environments ...

95

Getting `virtual' wrongs right  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Whilst some philosophical progress has been made on the ethical evaluation of playing video games, the exact subject matter of this enquiry remains surprisingly opaque. `Virtual murder', simulation, representation and more are found in a literature yet ... Keywords: Computer games, Fiction, Interactivity, Playfulness, Virtual, Virtual murder

Robert Francis Seddon

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

On the temperature profile of radiatively efficient geometrically thin disks in black hole binaries with the ASCA GIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

X-ray spectra of black hole binaries(BHBs) in the high/soft state were studied comprehensively by using ASCA GIS data, and partially RXTE PCA data. A mathematical disk model was applied to several BHBs to see if the observed accretion disk temperature profile was consistent with that expected from the standard accretion disk model. This model is called p-free disk, and assumes that the spectrum is composed of multi-temperature blackbody emission of which the local temperature T(r) at radius r is given by T(r) ~ r^-p with p being a positive free parameter. The standard disk roughly requires p~3/4, while a small deviation is expected depending on the inner boundary conditions, general relativistic effects and disk vertical structures.Our sample objects included LMC X-1, LMC X-3, XTE J2012+381, and GRO J1655-40. During the ASCA observations, these BHBs showed characteristics of the standard high/soft state. Under the standard modeling of high-state black hole binaries, the sources show Tin=0.76-1.17keV, the disk fraction to the total 0.7-10keV flux of 54-98%, and Nh=(0.7--12)E21/cm^2. The best-fit p-values were found in 0.6-0.8, and the standard value of p=3/4 was accepted for all the sources.The obtained p-values are also compared with those expected for the standard accretion disk in the Schwarzschild metric, and they were consistent with those expected from the standard accretion disk.

Aya Kubota; Ken Ebisawa; Kazuo Makishima; Kazuhiro Nakazawa

2005-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

97

Experimental and analytical study to model temperature profiles and stoichiometry in oxygen-enriched in-situ combustion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new combustion zone analytical model has been developed in which the combustion front temperature may be calculated. The model describes in the combustion zone, the amount of fuel burned based on reaction kinetics, the fuel concentration and produced gas composition based on combustion stoichiometry, and the amount of heat generated based on a heat balance. Six runs were performed in a 3-inch diameter, 40-inch long steel combustion tube with Jobo crude oil (9-11°API) from the Orinoco Belt in Venezuela. These runs were carried out with air containing three values of oxygen concentration, 21%, 30%, and 40%. The weight percentage of sand, clay, water, and oil in the sand mix was kept constant in all runs at 86.6%, 4.7%, 4.0%, and 4.7% respectively. Injection air rates (3 L/min) as well as the production pressure (300 psig) were kept constant in all runs. The results indicate that the calculated combustion zone temperatures and temperature profiles are in good agreement with the experimental data, for the range of oxygen concentration in the injected air. The use of oxygen-enriched air slightly increased the combustion front temperature from 440°C in a 21 mole % O2 concentration to a maximum of 475°C for air with 40 mole % O2 concentration. Oxygen-enriched air injection also increased the combustion front velocity from 13.4 cm/hr (for 21% oxygen) to 24.7 cm/hr (for 40% oxygen), thus reducing the start of oil production from 3.3 hours (for 21% oxygen) to 1.8 hours (for 40% oxygen). In the field, the use of oxygen-enriched air injection could translate into earlier oil production compared to with not-enriched air injection. The new analytical model for the combustion zone developed in this study will be beneficial to future researchers in understanding the effect of oxygen-enriched in-situ combustion and its implications on the combustion front temperature and combustion front thickness.

Rodriguez, Jose Ramon

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Analysis of mixing layer heights inferred from radiosonde, wind profiler, airborne lidar, airborne microwave temperature profiler, and in-situ aircraft data during the Texas 2000 air quality study in Houston, TX  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The mixing layer (ML) heights inferred from radiosondes, wind profilers, airborne lidar, airborne microwave temperature profiler (MTP), and in-situ aircraft data were compared during the Texas 2000 Air Quality Study in the Houston area. The comparisons and resulting good agreement between the separate instruments allowed for the spatial and temporal evolution of the ML height distribution to be determined across the Houston area on September 1, 2000. A benchmark method was created for determining ML heights from radiosonde data. The ML heights determined using this method were compared to ML heights determined using wind profiler data. The airborne lidar and MTP heights were also compared to the wind profiler heights. This was the first time the MTP was used for estimating ML heights. Because of this, the MTP heights were also compared to the ML heights determined by in-situ aircraft data. There was good agreement between the ML estimates when the instruments were co-located. The comparisons between the benchmark method and the wind profilers were independent of the quality of the profiler heights. The statistics for lidar and the wind profilers were better for the inland profiler comparisons. Even so, the results for coastal profilers were similar to the other comparisons. The results between the MTP and the wind profilers were comparable with the results found between the other instruments, and better, in that the statistics were similar for the both the inland and coastal profilers. The results between the MTP and in-situ aircraft data provided additional support for the use of MTP for determining ML heights. The combination of the inland and coastal wind profilers with the airborne instruments provided adequate information for the spatial and temporal evolution of the ML height to be determined across the Houston area on September 1, 2000. By analyzing the ML height distribution, major features were evident. These features included the shallow ML heights associated with the marine air from Galveston Bay and the Gulf of Mexico, and the sharp gradient of increasing ML heights north of Houston associated with the variation in the inversion depth found on this day.

Smith, Christina Lynn

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Virtual Data System on distributed virtual machines in computational grids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the work of building a Grid workflow system on distributed virtual machines. A Grid Virtualisation Engine (GVE) is implemented to manage virtual machines as computing resources for Grid applications. The Virtual Data System ... Keywords: compact muon solenoid, distributed virtual machines, grid computing, grid workflow, high energy physics applications, virtual data systems

Lizhe Wang; Gregor Von Laszewski; Jie Tao; Marcel Kunze

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Matsushita's Virtual Kitchen  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Virtual Kitchen, a retail application set up in Japan to help people choose appliances and furnishings for the relatively small kitchen apartment ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "virtual temperature profiles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

DOE Virtual University  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Energy Virtual University (DVU) is a central venue for executing, managing, partnering and sharing corporate learning activities and programs. The DVU provides employees cost...

102

Virtual Circuits (OSCARS)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Virtual Circuits (OSCARS) Virtual Circuits (OSCARS) Services Overview ECS Audio/Video Conferencing Fasterdata IPv6 Network Network Performance Tools (perfSONAR) ESnet OID Registry PGP Key Service Virtual Circuits (OSCARS) OSCARS Case Study Documentation Links Hardware Requirements DOE Grids Service Transition Contact Us Technical Assistance: 1 800-33-ESnet (Inside the US) 1 800-333-7638 (Inside the US) 1 510-486-7600 (Globally) 1 510-486-7607 (Globally) Report Network Problems: trouble@es.net Provide Web Site Feedback: info@es.net Virtual Circuits (OSCARS) ESnet's On-Demand Secure Circuits and Advance Reservation System (OSCARS) provides multi-domain, high-bandwidth virtual circuits that guarantee end-to-end network data transfer performance. Originally a research concept, OSCARS has grown into a robust production service. Currently

103

Vertical Profiles of Aerosol and Radiation and the Influence of a Temperature Inversion: Measurements and Radiative Transfer Calculations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results of an airborne experiment performed near Mönchengladbach (Germany) in November 1993 are reported. Besides meteorological data, vertical profiles of aerosol properties (number concentration, size distribution) and radiation (...

M. Wendisch; S. Mertes; A. Ruggaber; T. Nakajima

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

The Use and Analysis of Profiler Winds to Derive Mesoscale Height and Temperature Fields: Simulation and Real-Data Experiments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Conventional synoptic rawinsonde data do not have a fine enough temporal or spatial resolution to accurately resolve mesoscale features. Profiling networks are one potential source of these data although they provide only wind information. A ...

Jennifer M. Cram; Michael L. Kaplan; Craig A. Mattocks; John W. Zack

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Measurement of Boundary-Layer Temperature Profiles by a Scanning 5-MM Radiometer During the 1999 Winter NSA/AAO Radiometer Exp  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Boundary-Layer Temperature Profiles by Boundary-Layer Temperature Profiles by a Scanning 5-MM Radiometer During the 1999 Winter NSA/AAO Radiometer Experiment and WVIOP 2000 V. Y. Leuski and E. R. Westwater Cooperative Institute for Research in the Environmental Sciences National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Technology Laboratory University of Colorado Boulder, Colorado Introduction A scanning 5-mm-wavelength radiometer was deployed during two Intensive Operational Periods (IOPs) at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program's Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) facilities. The first was conducted at the North Slope of Alaska (NSA) and Adjacent arctic Ocean (AAO) site near Barrow, Alaska, during March 1999. One goal was to evaluate the ability of an

106

Development of a High Resolution X-Ray Imaging Crystal Spectrometer for Measurement of Ion-Temperature and Rotation-Velocity Profiles in Fusion Energy Research Plasmas  

SciTech Connect

A new imaging high resolution x-ray crystal spectrometer (XCS) has been developed to measure continuous profiles of ion temperature and rotation velocity in fusion plasmas. Following proof-of-principle tests on the Alcator C-Mod tokamak and the NSTX spherical tokamak, and successful testing of a new silicon, pixilated detector with 1MHz count rate capability per pixel, an imaging XCS is being designed to measure full profiles of Ti and v? on C-Mod. The imaging XCS design has also been adopted for ITER. Ion-temperature uncertainty and minimum measurable rotation velocity are calculated for the C-Mod spectrometer. The affects of x-ray and nuclear-radiation background on the measurement uncertainties are calculated to predict performance on ITER.

Hill, K W; Broennimann, Ch; Eikenberry, E F; Ince-Cushman, A; Lee, S G; Rice, J E; Scott, S

2008-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

107

High availability using virtualization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High availability has always been one of the main problems for a data center. Till now high availability was achieved by host per host redundancy, a highly expensive method in terms of hardware and human costs. A new approach to the problem can be offered by virtualization. Using virtualization, it is possible to achieve a redundancy system for all the services running on a data center. This new approach to high availability allows to share the running virtual machines over the servers up and running, by exploiting the features of the virtualization layer: start, stop and move virtual machines between physical hosts. The system (3RC) is based on a finite state machine with hysteresis, providing the possibility to restart each virtual machine over any physical host, or reinstall it from scratch. A complete infrastructure has been developed to install operating system and middleware in a few minutes. To virtualize the main servers of a data center, a new procedure has been developed to migrate physical to virtu...

Calzolari, Federico

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Designing and embedding reliable virtual infrastructures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a virtualized infrastructure where physical resources are shared, a single physical server failure will terminate several virtual servers and crippling the virtual infrastructures which contained those virtual servers. In the worst case, more failures ... Keywords: infrastructure virtualization

Wai-Leong Yeow; Cédric Westphal; Ula? Kozat

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

In the Virtual Extension  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To ensure the timely publication of articles, Communications created the Virtual Extension (VE) to expand the page limitations of the print edition by bringing readers the same high-quality articles in an online-only format. VE articles undergo ...

CACM Staff

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Virtual Doppler Lidar Instrument  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Doppler lidars measure the range-resolved line-of-sight wind component by extracting the Doppler shift of radiation backscattered from atmospheric aerosols and molecules. A virtual instrument was developed to simulate wind measurements by flying ...

Ines Leike; Jürgen Streicher; Christian Werner; Viktor Banakh; Igor Smalikho; Werner Wergen; Alexander Cress

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

The Lure of the Virtual  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although organizational scholars have begun to study virtual work, they have yet to fully grapple with its diversity. We draw on semiotics to distinguish among three types of virtual work (virtual teams, remote control, and simulations) based on what ... Keywords: digitization, organizing for innovation, product design, representation, semiotics, simulation, technological change, virtual work

Diane E. Bailey; Paul M. Leonardi; Stephen R. Barley

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

STEP—A Temperature Profiler for Measuring the Oceanic Thermal Boundary Layer at the Ocean–Air Interface  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A fast measuring system has been designed and built to determine the oceanic thermal microstructure at the ocean–air interface. The system consists of a profiler sonde, which amends through the uppermost few meters of the ocean with a time of ...

Theodor C. Mammen; Nikolaus von Bosse

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

The Effect of the Water Vapor and Carbon Dioxide on the Radiation Absorption and Temperature Profile in Troposphere.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The work on this paper focus on the effect of the water vapor and carbon dioxide on the absorption of atmospheric radiation and the temperature… (more)

Li, Chieh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

MARIAH-A Similarity-Based Method for Determining Wind, Temperature, and Humidity Profile Structure in the Atmospheric Surface Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Methodology for determining the similarity scaling constants for wind, temperature, and specific humidity from micrometeorological tower data is presented. The equations and the approach for solving them are referred to as MARIAH. The MARIAH ...

Henry Rachele; Arnold Tunick; Frank V. Hansen

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

The Relationship of Lightning Activity with Microwave Brightness Temperatures and Spaceborne Radar Reflectivity Profiles in the Central and Eastern Mediterranean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the relationship of lightning activity in the central and eastern Mediterranean with the 85-GHz polarization-corrected temperature (PCT) and radar reflectivity provided by the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite is ...

D. K. Katsanos; K. Lagouvardos; V. Kotroni; A. A. Argiriou

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

A Direct Algorithm for Convective Adjustment of the Vertical Temperature Profile for an Arbitrary Critical Lapse Rate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An efficient direct algorithm of convective adjustment for an arbitrary critical value of the vertical temperature lapse rate ? is proposed. The algorithm provides an exact and unique solution of a standard convective adjustment problem for ...

R. A. Akmaev

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

High efficiency virtual impactor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Environmental monitoring of atmospheric air is facilitated by a single stage virtual impactor for separating an inlet flow (Q/sub 0/) having particulate contaminants into a coarse particle flow (Q/sub 1/) and a fine particle flow (Q/sub 2/) to enable collection of such particles on different filters for separate analysis. An inlet particle acceleration nozzle and coarse particle collection probe member having a virtual impaction opening are aligned along a single axis and spaced apart to define a flow separation region at which the fine particle flow (Q/sub 2/) is drawn radially outward into a chamber while the coarse particle flow (Q/sub 1/) enters the virtual impaction opening.

Loo, B.W.

1980-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

118

Improving virtual appliance management through virtual layered file systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Managing many computers is difficult. Recent virtualization trends exacerbate this problem by making it easy to create and deploy multiple virtual appliances per physical machine, each of which can be configured with different applications and utilities. ...

Shaya Potter; Jason Nieh

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Virtual People: Capturing Human Models to Populate Virtual Worlds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper a new technique is introduced for automatically building recognisable moving 3D models of individual people Realistic modelling of people is essential for advanced multimedia, augmented reality and immersive virtual reality. Current systems ... Keywords: Avatar, Virtual Human, Whole-body Modelling, Humanoid Animation, Virtual Reality, VRML, Vision Techniques, 3D Reconstruction

Adrian Hilton; Daniel Beresford; Thomas Gentils; Raymond Smith; Wei Sun

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Multimodal astronaut virtual training prototype  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A few dedicated training simulator applications exist that mix realistic interaction devices-like real cockpits in flight simulators-with virtual environment (VE) components. Dedicated virtual reality (VR) systems have been utilized also in astronaut ...

Jukka Rönkkö; Jussi Markkanen; Raimo Launonen; Marinella Ferrino; Enrico Gaia; Valter Basso; Harshada Patel; Mirabelle D'Cruz; Seppo Laukkanen

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "virtual temperature profiles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Similarity Equations for Wind and Temperature Profiles in the Radix Layer, at the Bottom of the Convective Boundary Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the middle of the convective boundary layer, also known as the mixed layer, is a relatively thick region where wind speed and potential temperature are nearly uniform with height. Below this uniform layer (UL), wind speed decreases to zero at ...

Edi Santoso; Roland Stull

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Virtual Environments for Health Care  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... condition and state of consciousness" (Kahaner, 1994 ... reality] stimulations to the human" (Nakajima, Nomura ... of virtual reality simulations to humans. ...

1996-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

123

Virtual Environment and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The levels of immersion and presence felt by users in a Virtual Environment (VE) are very important factors that dictate the quality of the Virtual Reality (VR) experience. Sensori-motor systems, both hardware and software, are the components of a VR system that contribute to generate the VEs and to create the feeling of being there. This paper reviews the different visualization hardware/software components that are at the heart of a VR system and provides means for assessing their performance in the context of various applications. Because of its historical and functional importance in the field of VR, visualization hardware is reviewed first (HMDs, VRDs, stereo glasses, CRT, LCD monitors and Plasma displays...). Then, a list of the most important insights, which should be addressed when designing and assembling a VR system, are discussed. Finally, visualization software is covered in the context of the available hardware components.

Sensori-Motor Activities Visualization; M. Mokhtari; F. Lemieux; F. Bernier; D. Ouellet; R. Drouin; D. Laurendeau; A. Branzan-albu

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Virtual Machine Services: An Opportunity for Hardware Customization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of transistor count, which is leading to archi- tecture heterogeneity and customization. (2) Software developers (Virtual Machine), which executes services such as profiling, compilation, scheduling, and memory for potential improvements in energy through the use of hardware heterogeneity. This paper uses systematic

McKinley, Kathryn S.

125

Sea Ice Brightness Temperature as a Function of Ice Thickness, Part II: Computed curves for thermodynamically modelled ice profiles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ice thickness is an important variable for climate scientists and is still an unsolved problem for satellite remote sensing specialists. There has been some success detecting the thickness of thin ice from microwave radiometers, and with this in mind this study attempts to model the thickness-radiance relation of sea ice at frequencies employed by the Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) radiometer and the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer (AMSR): between 1.4 and 89 GHz. In the first part of the study, the salinity of the ice was determined by a pair of empirical relationships, while the temperature was determined by a thermodynamic model. Because the thermodynamic model can be used as a simple ice growth model, in this, second part, the salinities are determined by the growth model. Because the model uses two, constant-weather scenarios representing two extremes ("fall freeze-up" and "winter cold snap"), brine expulsion is modelled with a single correction-step founded on mass conservation. The growt...

Mills, Peter

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Virtual Human Problem Solving Environments  

SciTech Connect

Abstract. Interest in complex integrated digital or virtual human modeling has seen a significant increase over the last decade. Coincident with that increased interest, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) initiated the development of a human simulation tool, the Virtual Human. The Virtual Human includes a problem-solving environment (PSE) for implementing the integration of physiological models in different programming languages and connecting physiological function to anatomy. The Virtual Human PSE (VHPSE) provides the computational framework with which to develop the concept of a "Virtual Human." Supporting the framework is a data definition for modeling parameters, PhysioML, a Virtual Human Database (VHDB), and a Web-based graphical user interface (GUI) developed using Java. Following description of the VHPSE, we discuss four example implementations of models within the framework. Further expansion of a human modeling environment was carried out in the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Virtual Soldier Project. SCIRun served as the Virtual Soldier problem solving environment (VSPSE). We review and compare specific developments in these projects that have significant potential for the future of Virtual Human modeling and simulation. We conclude with an evaluation of areas of future work that will provide important extensions to the VHPSE and VSPSE and make possible a fully-integrated environment for human anatomical and physiological modeling: the Virtual Human.

Ward, Richard C [ORNL; Pouchard, Line Catherine [ORNL; Munro, Nancy B [ORNL; Fischer, Sarah Kathleen [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Development of Virtual Power Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Virtual Power Plants We are working in the emerging intersection between information, computation, and complexity Applications * Design * Environmental modeling * Controls with...

128

Virtual Frog Dissection Kit Tutorial  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and function Item 8: Using a different language Item 10: Resetting to defaults Berkeley Lab | ACS | Notice to Users | Whole Frog Project | Virtual Frog Page last modified: 0126...

129

Applying Virtual Environments to Manufacturing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Users bring their architectural plans to the Matsushita store ... extension to the original virtual wind tunnel, NASA ... tracker with a graphics generator or a ...

1995-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

130

Virtual collaboration in oil and gas organizations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper covers some general observations regarding the relations between remote operation concepts and virtual organizations. In this paper we will show that remote operation concepts among other things involve developing systems supporting communication ... Keywords: line of operation, lines of operation, remote operation, virtual collaboration, virtual communication, virtual organizations, virtual room

Kenneth Gulbrandsøy; Vidar Hepsø; Amund Skavhaug

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Cultural learning in virtual heritage: an overview  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of this paper is to present the overview of cultural learning in virtual heritage. In the past, works done on virtual heritage were mostly focused on replicating and visualizing heritage objects for presentation using virtual reality. However, ... Keywords: cultural learning, virtual environment, virtual heritage, visual informatics

Nazrita Ibrahim; Nazlena Mohamad Ali; Noor Faezah Mohd Yatim

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Uncertainty and Virtual Particles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Incertidumbre y partículas virtuales Incertidumbre y partículas virtuales Volver Principal ESTOY PERDIDO!!! El principio de incerteza de Heisenberg: En 1927, Heisenberg enunció una propiedad fundamental de la mecánica cuántica que dice que es imposible medir EN FORMA EXACTA AMBOS, la posición de una partícula y su ímpetu. Cuanto mayor sea la precisión con que determinamos una, menos sabremos de la otra. Este es el llamado Principio de incerteza de Heisenberg. La relación matemática que lo expresa es: Significa que la incertidumbre en la posición (x), multiplicada por la incertidumbre en el momento (p), es mayor o igual que una constante (h-barra dividido por dos.) Este principio puede también ser escrito en términos de energía y tiempo: Significa que la incertidumbre en la energía de una partícula

133

E-commerce transactions in a virtual environment: virtual transactions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

E-commerce is a fundamental method of doing business, such that for a firm to say it is trading at all in the modern market-place it must have some element of on-line presence. Coupled with this is the explosion of the "population" of Massively Multiplayer ... Keywords: E-commerce, Electronic commerce, Metaverses, Virtual environments, Virtual worlds

Simon Scarle; Sylvester Arnab; Ian Dunwell; Panagiotis Petridis; Aristidis Protopsaltis; Sara Freitas

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Pools of virtual boxes: building campus grids with virtual machines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A campus grid is a critical component of research cyberinfrastructure. A grid facilitates resource sharing, improving collaboration and increasing the capability to address large scale scientific and engineering problems. Resources comprising a grid ... Keywords: campus grid, deployment, distributed computing, high throughput computing, virtual machines, virtualization

David J. Herzfeld; Lars E. Olson; Craig A. Struble

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

The Effect of Moisture on Layer Thicknesses Used to Monitor Global Temperatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mean layer virtual temperature estimates, based on geopotential height measurements, form the basis for one approach being used to monitor changes in upper-air temperature. However, virtual temperature is a function of atmospheric moisture ...

W. P. Elliott; D. J. Gaffen; J. K. Angell; J. D. W. Kahl

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Qualitative physics in virtual environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe a new approach to the creation of virtual environments, which uses qualitative physics to implement object behaviour. We adopted Qualitative Process Theory as a qualitative reasoning formalism, due to its representational properties ... Keywords: intelligent virtual environments, modelling and simulation, qualitative physics

Marc Cavazza; Simon Hartley; Jean-Luc Lugrin; Mikael Le Bras

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Virtual stationary timed automata for mobile networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, we formally define a programming abstraction for mobile networks called the Virtual Stationary Automata programming layer, consisting of real mobile clients, virtual timed I/O automata called virtual ...

Nolte, Tina Ann, 1979-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Static virtual channel allocation in oblivious routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most virtual channel routers have multiple virtual channels to mitigate the effects of head-of-line blocking. When there are more flows than virtual channels at a link, packets or flows must compete for channels, either ...

Shim, Keun Sup

139

Primitive Virtual Negative Charge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physical fields, such as gravity and electromagnetic field, are interpreted as results from rearrangement of vacuum particles to get the equilibrium of net charge density and net mass density in 4-dimensional complex space. Then, both fields should interact to each other in that physical interaction is considered as a field-to-field interaction. Hence, Mass-Charge interaction is introduced with primitive-virtual negative charge defined for the mass. With the concept of Mass-Charge interaction electric equilibrium of the earth is discussed, especially about the electric field and magnetic field of the earth. For unsettled phenomena related with the earth's gravity, such as antigravity phenomenon, gravity anomalies during the solar eclipses, the connection between geomagnetic storms and earthquakes, etc., possible explanations are discussed.

Kim, Kiyoung

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Primitive Virtual Negative Charge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physical fields, such as gravity and electromagnetic field, are interpreted as results from rearrangement of vacuum particles to get the equilibrium of net charge density and net mass density in 4-dimensional complex space. Then, both fields should interact to each other in that physical interaction is considered as a field-to-field interaction. Hence, Mass-Charge interaction is introduced with primitive-virtual negative charge defined for the mass. With the concept of Mass-Charge interaction electric equilibrium of the earth is discussed, especially about the electric field and magnetic field of the earth. For unsettled phenomena related with the earth's gravity, such as antigravity phenomenon, gravity anomalies during the solar eclipses, the connection between geomagnetic storms and earthquakes, etc., possible explanations are discussed.

Kiyoung Kim

2008-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "virtual temperature profiles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Design, Construction, and Initial Test of High Spatial Resolution Thermometry Arrays for Detection of Surface Temperature Profiles on SRF Cavities in Super Fluid Helium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We designed and built two high resolution (0.6-0.55mm special resolution [1.1-1.2mm separation]) thermometry arrays prototypes out of the Allen Bradley 90-120 ohm 1/8 watt resistor to measure surface temperature profiles on SRF cavities. One array was designed to be physically flexible and conform to any location on a SRF cavity; the other was modeled after the common G-10/stycast 2850 thermometer and designed to fit on the equator of an ILC (Tesla 1.3GHz) SRF cavity. We will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each array and their construction. In addition we will present a case study of the arrays performance on a real SRF cavity TB9NR001. TB9NR001 presented a unique opportunity to test the performance of each array as it contained a dual (4mm separation) cat eye defect which conventional methods such as OST (Oscillating Superleak second-sound Transducers) and full coverage thermometry mapping were unable to distinguish between. We will discuss the new arrays ability to distinguish between the two defects and their preheating performance.

Ari Palczewski, Rongli Geng, Grigory Eremeev

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Management of high availability services using virtualization.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis examines the use of virtualization in management of high availability services using open source tools. The services are hosted in virtual machines, which… (more)

Braastad, Espen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Idaho National Laboratory - Hydropower Program- Virtual Hydropower...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Virtual Hydropower Prospector do Brasil Access the Virtual Hydropower Prospector do Brasil Disclaimers NOTICE TO USERS The water energy resource and potential project information...

144

Digital Windows: cause + effect between reality + virtuality.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Digital Windows allow real people in the real world to interact with virtual objects in a virtual world through a direct relationship between real-space and… (more)

Sumsion, F

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Performance evaluation and characterization of virtual appliances.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??System virtualization technology continues to increase in popularity across the datacenter. Independent Software Vendors (ISVs) are now using virtual machines to deliver software appliances to… (more)

Chen, Zhaoqian

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Vertically Rising Microstructure Profiler  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The vertically rising microstructure profiler was designed to measure temperature gradient and conductivity gradient microstructure in lakes, reservoirs and coastal seas. The instrument is totally independent of surface craft while collecting ...

G. D. Carter; J. Imberger

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Walking > walking-in-place > flying, in virtual environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: human factors, locomotion, neural networks, presence, virtual reality, virtual walking, visual cliff

Martin Usoh; Kevin Arthur; Mary C. Whitton; Rui Bastos; Anthony Steed; Mel Slater; Frederick P. Brooks, Jr.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

DRAFT Microwave Radiometer Profiler Handbook  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Microwave Radiometer Profiler Handbook Evaluation of a New Multi-Frequency Microwave Radiometer for Measuring the Vertical Distribution of Temperature, Water Vapor, and Cloud...

149

Virtual urban traffic network simulator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this project, I designed and implemented a virtual urban traffic network simulator. The simulator serves as a testbed for human-subject experiments to determine driver behavior in road networks and also as a platform ...

Uh, Jason (Jason J.)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Virtual workplaces : when metaphors breakdown  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Our model of work is shaped by the places we choose to work and the tools we choose to work with. As we introduce new technologies and build new environments our model is changing. Today's virtual workplaces are grounded ...

Gallemore, Thomas W. I. (Thomas Wilson Ira), 1969-

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Virtual workspaces in the grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Despite significant progress in the development of Grid infrastructure, the provisioning of a customized and controllable remote execution environment remains an open issue. This paper introduces the concept of a virtual workspace, a configurable execution ...

Katarzyna Keahey; Ian Foster; Timothy Freeman; Xuehai Zhang; Daniel Galron

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Real illumination from virtual environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce a method for actively controlling the illumination in a room so that it is consistent with a virtual world. In combination with a high dynamic range display, the system produces both uniform and directional illumination at intensity levels ...

Abhijeet Ghosh; Matthew Trentacoste; Helge Seetzen; Wolfgang Heidrich

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Phone virtualization using a microkemel hypervisor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Virtualization of multi-core hardware is becoming important in enterprise computing using hypervisors such as VMware or Xen. For desktop phones, virtualization can be used to simultaneously run multiple phone OSes on the same desktop phone, and provide ... Keywords: L4, OKL4, embedded microkernel, hypervisor, phone virtualization, virtualization

Amrit Acharya; John Buford; Venky Krishnaswamy

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Virtualization: a way towards dynamic IT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper focuses on different aspects of Virtualization that will help the IT & development organization to become more strategic to their business. The Dynamic IT strategy helps businesses enhance the capability and efficiency of their people, processes, ... Keywords: virtualization, virtualization software and applications, virtualization types

U. Pawar; M. Bhelotkar

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Review: Virtual machine tools and virtual machining-A technological review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Virtual manufacturing systems provide a useful means for products to be manufactured 'right the first time' without the need of physical testing on the shop floor. Earlier research was mostly on developing a virtual manufacturing environment. Over the ... Keywords: Machining simulation, Virtual machine tool, Virtual machining, Virtual system

Aini Abdul Kadir; Xun Xu; Enrico Hämmerle

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Reti attive di distribuzione: le applicazioni Virtual Power Plant e Virtual Utility.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Il presente lavoro si occupa di nuove applicazioni per la gestione e l’ottimizzazione di risorse distribuite, così dette Virtual Power Plant (VPP) o Virtual Utility… (more)

Baroncelli, Paolo

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Virtual instrumentation to study galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The MIGALE project (http://www.sai.msu.su/migale) provides databases and data analysis tools to study the evolution of galaxies from z=1 to z=0. It develops and maintain a general database, HyperLeda, to give a homogenized parameterization for 3 million objects, and several archives or specialized databases. It also develops tools to analyse on-the-fly data extracted from the database or obtained through the Virtual Observatory (Virtual Instruments). The package made for this project, Pleinpot, is distributed as open source.

Ph. Prugniel; I. Chilingarian; H. Flores; J. Guibert; R. Haigron; I. Jegouzo; F. Royer; F. Tajahmady; G. Theureau; J. Vetois

2004-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

158

Virtual Money Systems: a Phenomenal Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the development of virtual communities, a new phenomenon of virtual money is observed and presented high importance to both e-commerce and e-society fields. This paper, as a pioneer research, has attempted to make a phenomenal analysis on the existing virtual money systems. By the analysis, this paper has defined what virtual money is, what its general models are, and how its existing systems work. By the analysis, the features of existing virtual money systems are abstracted and their problems are summarized. Driven by the motivation of utilizing and improving the existing virtual money systems, this paper has outlined a novel generic virtual money system model called Common Money (CONEY) to resolve the problems that bother the existing virtual money systems. Finally, further interesting issues for future research are given. 1.

Jingzhi Guo; Angelina Chow

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

A Web-Based Virtual Lighting Simulator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Web-Based Virtual Lighting Simulator Title A Web-Based Virtual Lighting Simulator Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL Report Number LBNL-51065 Year of Publication 2002 Authors...

160

Virtual articulation and kinematic abstraction in robotics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents the theory, implementation, novel applications, and experimental validation of a general-purpose framework for applying virtual modifications to an articulated robot, or virtual articulations. These ...

Vona, Marsette Arthur, 1977-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "virtual temperature profiles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Virtualized application performance prediction using system metrics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Virtualized datacenter administrators would like to consolidate virtual machines (VMs) onto as few physical hosts as possible in order to decrease costs, but must leave enough physical resources for each VM to meet application ...

Wanderman-Milne, Skye A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Virtual Testing for Smart Buildings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Smart buildings promise to revolutionize the way we live. Applications ranging from climate control to fire management can have significant impact on the quality and cost of these services. However, smart buildings and any technology with direct effect ... Keywords: Virtual testing, Smart buildings, HVAC, Pervasive computing

Julien Bruneau; Charles Consel; Marcia O'Malley; Walid Taha; Wail Masry Hannourah

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

The human agent virtual environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we describe a multi-agent simulation called the Human Agent Virtual Environment (or HAVE). HAVE is a test bed to explore agent-environment interaction in multi-agent simulation for defence applications. The primary research driver in the ... Keywords: agents and cognitive models, defence, multi-agent simulation and modeling

Michael Papasimeon; Adrian R. Pearce; Simon Goss

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Empathy in virtual learning environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

How do we engage teachers and learners in the learning process and what are the benefits of this? How do we get students to learn? Many academic institutions of all levels are asking these questions. Throughout the years new teaching methodologies ... Keywords: Second Life, VLEs, e-learning, empathy, engagement, online learning, teaching methodologies, virtual learning environments

Judith Molka-Danielsen; Bryan W. Carter; Alastair Creelman

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Virtual Fieldwork Using Google Earth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Virtual Fieldwork Using Google Earth Advanced Techniques #12;Digital Explorer 1 Gough Square London Fieldwork Using Google Earth compiled by Jamie Buchanan-Dunlop Digital Explorer 71 Regent Studios 8 Andrews Buchanan-Dunlop © 2008 Google © 2008 Ricardo Sgrillo All rights reserved cover design by rob `at

Smith-Konter, Bridget

166

Dynamic virtual credit card numbers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Theft of stored credit card information is an increasing threat to e-commerce.We propose a dynamic virtual credit card number scheme that reduces the damage caused by stolen credit card numbers. A user can use an existing credit card account to generate ... Keywords: credit card theft, e-commerce

Ian Molloy; Jiangtao Li; Ninghui Li

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Instructions for Using Virtual Private Network  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Virtual Private Network provides access to network drives, and is recommended for use only from a ETIS-provided laptop. 

168

Virtual Reality for Manufacturing Case Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Virtual Reality for Manufacturing - Case Studies. Sandy Ressler National Institute of Standards and Technology sressler@nist.gov. ...

169

Transportation planning: A virtual reality  

SciTech Connect

An important factor in the development of any base technology is generating it in such a way that these technologies will continue to be useful through systems upgrades and implementation philosophy metamorphoses. Base technologies of traffic engineering including transportation modeling, traffic impact forecasting, traffic operation management, emergency situation routing and re-routing, and signal systems optimization should all be designed with the future in mind. Advanced Traffic Engineering topics, such as Intelligent Vehicle Highway Systems, are designed with advanced engineering concepts such as rules-based design and artificial intelligence. All aspects of development of base technologies must include Total Quality Engineering as the primary factor in order to succeed. This philosophy for development of base technologies for the County of Los Alamos is being developed leveraging the resources of the Center for Advanced Engineering Technology (CAET) at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. The mission of the CAET is to develop next-generation engineering technology that supports the Los Alamos National Laboratory`s mission and to transfer that technology to industry and academia. The CAET`s goal is to promote industrial, academic, and government interactions in diverse areas of engineering technology, such as, design, analysis, manufacturing, virtual enterprise, robotics, telepresence, rapid prototyping, and virtual environment technology. The Center is expanding, enhancing, and increasing core competencies at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. The CAET has three major thrust areas: development of base technologies, virtual environment technology applications, and educational outreach and training. Virtual environment technology immerses a user in a nonexistent or augmented environment for research or training purposes. Virtual environment technology illustrates the axiom, ``The best way to learn is by doing.``

Bradley, J. [Johnson Controls, International (United States); Hefele, J.; Dolin, R.M. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

A new approach to virtual palpation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a new approach to virtual medical abdominal palpation has been introduced. Firstly, we describe palpation as a medical procedure. Then, we analyze the necessity of virtual palpation. Next, we present our survey on the existing work on ... Keywords: function-based, haptic device, palpation, respiration, virtual reality

Shamima Yasmin; Alexei Sourin

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Teaching Virtual Reality: Why and How?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article looks at the teaching aspects of virtual reality, as opposed to the use of virtual reality as a teaching tool (in virtual teaching environments). It is motivated by a perceived need for clarity, focus, and dialogue that are lacking within ...

Grigore C. Burdea

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Virtual worlds as a medium for advertising  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Online virtual worlds, such as Second Life, are rapidly becoming recognized as a technology of substantial future importance for marketers and advertisers. Many of these virtual worlds provide the potential medium for very rich and varied new and enhanced ... Keywords: MMOG, advertising, marketing, online game, second life, virtual world

Stuart Barnes

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Virtual 95th AOCS Annual Meeting & Expo  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

2004 CD-ROM contains over 120 presentations from many oral and poster presenters from the 95th AOCS Annual Meeting & Expo. Virtual 95th AOCS Annual Meeting & Expo Virtual Meetings DVD & CD-ROMs Expanding on the previous Virtual AOCS Annual Meeting &

174

DOE Solar Decathlon: Virtual Tours  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

News News Photos Daily Photos Gallery of Houses Virtual Tours Videos Product Directory Village Energy Balance Education Sponsors History FAQs Contacts Virtual Tours Explore the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2013 houses through 360° panoramic images. Select a team from the list below to take a peek inside. Then use your mouse and the controls in the bottom right corner of the tour image to rotate your view. U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon Mobile Search Search Search Help More Search Options Orange County Great Park, Irvine, California, Oct. 3-13, 2013 Photo of a large group of cheering decathletes. They stand at the end of the Solar Decathlon 2013 village and hold a banner that says "U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon." U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon

175

Downstream Heat Flux Profile vs. Midplane T Profile in Tokamaks  

SciTech Connect

The relationship between the midplane scrape-off-layer electron temperature profile and the parallel heat flux profile at the divertor in tokamaks is investigated. A model is applied which takes into account anisotropic thermal diffusion, in a rectilinear geometry with constant density. Eigenmode analysis is applied to the simplified problem with constant thermal diffusivities. A self-similar nonlinear solution is found for the more realistic problem with anisotropically temperature-dependent thermal diffusivities. Numerical solutions are developed for both cases, with spatially dependent heat flux emerging from the plasma. For both constant and temperature-dependent thermal diffusivities it is found that, below about one-half of its peak, the heat flux profile shape at the divertor, compared with the midplane temperature profile shape, is robustly described by the simplest two-point model. However the physical processes are not those assumed in the simplest two-point model, nor is the numerical coefficient relating q||div to Tmp ?||mp/L|| as predicted. For realistic parameters the peak in the heat flux, moreover, can be reduced by a factor of two or more from the two-point model scaling which fits the remaining profile. For temperature profiles in the SOL region above the x-point set by marginal stability, the heat flux profile to the divertor can be largely decoupled from the prediction of the two-point model. These results suggest caveats for data interpretation, and possibly favorable outcomes for divertor configurations with extended field lines.

Robert J. Goldston

2009-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

176

The density profiles of hot galactic halo gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Extended gas haloes around galaxies are a ubiquitous prediction of galaxy formation scenarios. However, the density profiles of this hot halo gas is virtually unknown, although various profiles have been suggested on theoretical grounds. In order to quantitatively address the gas profile, we compare galaxies from direct cosmological simulations with analytical solutions of the underlying gas equations. We find remarkable agreement between simulations and theoretical predictions. We present an expression for this gas profile with a non-trivial dependence on the total mass profile. This expression is useful when setting up equilibrium galaxy models for numerical experiments.

Steen H. Hansen; Jesper Sommer-Larsen

2006-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

177

Worldwide R&D of Virtual Observatory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Virtual Observatory (VO) is a data intensive online astronomical research and education environment, taking advantages of advanced information technologies to achieve seamless and uniform access to astronomical information. The concept of VO was introduced in late of 1990s to meet challenges brought up with data avalanche in astronomy. This paper reviews current status of International Virtual Observatory Alliance, technical highlights from world wide VO projects, and a brief introduction of Chinese Virtual Observatory.

Chenzhou Cui; Yongheng Zhao

2007-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

178

A virtual company concept for reservoir management  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes how reservoir management problems were pursued with a virtual company concept via the Internet and World Wide Web. The focus of the paper is on the implementation of virtual asset management teams that were assembled with small independent oil companies. The paper highlights the mechanics of how the virtual team transferred data and interpretations, evaluated geological models of complex reservoirs, and used results of simulation studies to analyze various reservoir management strategies.

Martin, F.D. [Dave Martin and Associates, Inc. (United States); Kendall, R.P.; Whitney, E.M. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

179

A virtual ad hoc network testbed  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Testing of applications for ad hoc networks poses a special technical challenge due to the difficulty of conducting experiments in an ad hoc network environment at a scale larger than a few nodes. One approach is to conduct experiments in a testbed that ... Keywords: MANETs, SITL, VAN, emulation, hybrid testbed, mobile ad hoc networks, mobile networks, network management, shadow nodes, simulation, software-in-, the-loop, virtual ad hoc networks, virtual machines, virtual networks, virtualisation

Alex Poylisher; Constantin Serban; John Lee; Tai-Chuan Lu; Ritu Chadha; Cho-Yu Jason Chiang; Robert Orlando; Kimberly Jakubowski

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Distributed virtual environment scalability and security  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

here. I define a virtual environment (VE) as a computer simulation typically involving space and time. This definitely restricts our examination to computerized systems, where otherwise it could rightly include war simulations going back thousands... in the Manhattan Project to model nuclear detonation, implementing a narrowly scoped, non-real-time virtual environment. In subsequent years computer capacity has grown, and with it the scope and responsiveness of virtual environments. VEs are still used...

Miller, John

2011-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "virtual temperature profiles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Pipeline Morphing and Virtual Pipelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pipeline morphing is a simple but effectivetechnique for reconfiguring pipelined FPGA designs at run time. By overlapping computation and reconfiguration, the latency associated with emptying and refilling a pipeline can be avoided. Weshowhow morphing can be applied to linear and mesh pipelines at both word-level and bit-level, and explain how this method can be implemented using Xilinx 6200 FPGAs. We also present an approach using morphing to map a large virtual pipeline onto a small physical pipeline, and the trade-offs involved are discussed.

W. Luk; N. Shirazi; S. R. Guo; P. Y. K. Cheung

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Playing the Environment: Games as Virtual Ecologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Playing the Environment: Games as Virtual Ecologies Alendasocial realism, games, environment, ecology 1. INTRODUCTIONversions of the environment? The answer is multifaceted.

Chang, Alenda Y.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Exploring Genome Rearrangements using Virtual ... - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ported extensive transfer of chloroplast DNA to nuclear. DNA [4]. VIRTUAL HYBRIDIZATION. Approximate string matching is defined as identifying, in a text  ...

184

Honors for the Virtual Frog Dissection Kit  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

on Jeopardy in a high school tournament show in November of 1999. Berkeley Lab | ACS | Notice to Users | Whole Frog Project | Virtual Frog Page last modified: 012305...

185

Idaho National Laboratory - Hydropower Program- Virtual Hydropower...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The water energy resource and potential project information provided by the Virtual Hydropower Prospector (VHP) is as accurate as possible within the limitations of the...

186

Virtual Hydropower Prospecting – Searching for Hydropower Gold  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The availability of geographic information system (GIS) tools and analytical modeling of natural streams has made it possible to perform virtual “river inventories” that were formerly done using topographic maps, stream flow estimates, and physical reconnaissance. The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) in collaboration with the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) virtually assessed the gross power potential of all natural streams in the United States of America and identified feasible potential project sites and estimated their developable power potential. The results of this virtual prospecting have been incorporated into a GIS application called the Virtual Hydropower Prospector that is available for public use on the Internet.

Douglas G. Hall

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Architectural Lighting Analysis in Virtual Lighting Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Architectural Lighting Analysis in Virtual Lighting Laboratory NOTICE Due to the current lapse of federal funding, Berkeley Lab websites are accessible, but may not be updated...

188

Virtual Office Community & Computer Lab (VOCC) | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Virtual Office Community and Computer Lab May 30, 2013 CASL's contributing scientist Jin Yan from Westinghouse explains assembly design to DOE Under Secretary for Science, Steven...

189

Modeling Carbon Concentration Profiles in Austenitic Stainless ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Modeling Carbon Concentration Profiles in Austenitic Stainless Steels Carburized at Low Temperatures. Author(s), Gary M. Michal, Xiaoting ...

190

Individual Virtual Competence and Its Influence on Work Outcomes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Witnessing both opportunities and challenges in virtual work arrangements, researchers have explored a number of technological, social, and organizational factors in order to improve virtual work effectiveness. However, there is limited understanding ... Keywords: Individual Virtual Competence, Individual Work Outcomes, Virtual Organization, Virtual Work

Yinglei Wang; Nicole Haggerty

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Virtualizing office hours in CS 50  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In Fall 2007, we introduced "virtual office hours" into Harvard College's introductory computer science course, CS 50, so that students could meet with teaching fellows (TFs) online to discuss problem sets at any hour from anywhere. Our goals were to ... Keywords: CSCW, collaboration, distance education, virtual office hours

David J. Malan

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Enabling scientific workflows in virtual reality  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To advance research and improve the scientific return on data collection and interpretation efforts in the geosciences, we have developed methods of interactive visualization, with a special focus on immersive virtual reality (VR) environments. Earth ... Keywords: geosciences, scientific visualization, virtual reality, workflow

Oliver Kreylos; Gerald Bawden; Tony Bernardin; Magali I. Billen; Eric S. Cowgill; Ryan D. Gold; Bernd Hamann; Margarete Jadamec; Louise H. Kellogg; Oliver G. Staadt; Dawn Y. Sumner

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Formalizing the evolution of virtual communities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Collaboration increasingly takes place in virtual communities using the Internet. These communities are socio-technical systems that tend to evolve strongly and become more complex over time. To ensure that the changes to these complex socio-technical ... Keywords: Conversations for specification, Specification process model, Theory of communicative action, Virtual communities

Aldo de Moor; Hans Weigand

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

EMMA: an adaptive display for virtual therapy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Environments used up to now for therapeutic applications are invariable ones. Their contents can not be changed neither by the therapist nor by the patient. However, this is a technical issue that can be solved with current technology. In this paper, ... Keywords: adaptive display, virtual reality, virtual therapy

Mariano Alcañiz; Cristina Botella; Beatriz Rey; Rosa Baños; Jose A. Lozano; Nuria Lasso de la Vega; Diana Castilla; Javier Montesa; Antonio Hospitaler

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

High availability using virtualization - 3RC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High availability has always been one of the main problems for a data center. Till now high availability was achieved by host per host redundancy, a highly expensive method in terms of hardware and human costs. A new approach to the problem can be offered by virtualization. Using virtualization, it is possible to achieve a redundancy system for all the services running on a data center. This new approach to high availability allows the running virtual machines to be distributed over a small number of servers, by exploiting the features of the virtualization layer: start, stop and move virtual machines between physical hosts. The 3RC system is based on a finite state machine, providing the possibility to restart each virtual machine over any physical host, or reinstall it from scratch. A complete infrastructure has been developed to install operating system and middleware in a few minutes. To virtualize the main servers of a data center, a new procedure has been developed to migrate physical to virtual hosts. ...

Calzolari, Federico; Ciampa, Alberto; Mazzoni, Enrico; Domenici, Andrea; Vaglini, Gigliola; 10.1088/1742-6596/219/5/052017

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Virtual screening on large scale grids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large scale grids for in silico drug discovery open opportunities of particular interest to neglected and emerging diseases. In 2005 and 2006, we have been able to deploy large scale virtual docking within the framework of the WISDOM initiative against ... Keywords: Avian influenza, Large scale grids, Malaria, Virtual screening

Nicolas Jacq; Vincent Breton; Hsin-Yen Chen; Li-Yung Ho; Martin Hofmann; Vinod Kasam; Hurng-Chun Lee; Yannick Legré; Simon C. Lin; Astrid Maaí; Emmanuel Medernach; Ivan Merelli; Luciano Milanesi; Giulio Rastelli; Matthieu Reichstadt; Jean Salzemann; Horst Schwichtenberg; Ying-Ta Wu; Marc Zimmermann

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Grid-enabled high throughput virtual screening  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large scale grids for in silico drug discovery open opportunities of particular interest to neglected and emerging diseases. In 2005 and 2006, we have been able to deploy large scale virtual docking within the framework of the WISDOM initiative against ... Keywords: avian influenza, large scale grids, malaria, virtual screening

Nicolas Jacq; Vincent Breton; Hsin-Yen Chen; Li-Yung Ho; Martin Hofmann; Hurng-Chun Lee; Yannick Legré; Simon C. Lin; Astrid Maaß; Emmanuel Medernach; Ivan Merelli; Luciano Milanesi; Giulio Rastelli; Matthieu Reichstadt; Jean Salzemann; Horst Schwichtenberg; Mahendrakar Sridhar; Vinod Kasam; Ying-Ta Wu; Marc Zimmermann

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

A logic approach to virtual sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a technique that builds a layer of virtual sensors over a sensor network. The virtual sensors are able to infer and provide data for the physical sensors that do not work. The key assumption of our approach is that the physical quantities ...

Luciano Caroprese; Carmela Comito; Domenico Talia; Ester Zumpano

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Research on virtual assembly of supercritical boiler  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Supercritical boiler is an important measure to solve problems like electricity shortage or energy intensity, with its high combustion efficiency. As supercritical boiler is a large and complex product, it may appear some problems of collision, location ... Keywords: interaction, lightweight model, supercritical boiler, virtools, virtual assembly, virtual reality

Pi-Guang Wei; Wen-Hua Zhu; Hao Zhou

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Evolutionary virtual agent at an exhibition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the Evolutionary Virtual Agent (EVA) prototype designed as an interactive entertainment system for a multimedia exhibition. This implementation uses a behavioral engine based on a dynamical subsumption architecture and a 3D animated ... Keywords: conversational character, intelligent agent, physical model, virtual creature

Jean-Claude Heudin

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "virtual temperature profiles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Performance implications of virtualizing multicore cluster machines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High performance computers are typified by cluster machines constructed from multicore nodes and using high performance interconnects like Infiniband. Virtualizing such 'capacity computing' platforms implies the shared use of not only the nodes and node ... Keywords: Infiniband, high-performance computing, virtualization

Adit Ranadive; Mukil Kesavan; Ada Gavrilovska; Karsten Schwan

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Security and trust in virtual healthcare communities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main purpose of a virtual healthcare community is to enforce members' collaboration and allow them collectively conduct health care activities. Patient monitoring and medical consultation and support are the most popular activities inside health ... Keywords: health care, security, teleconsultation, trust, virtual communities

Anargyros Chryssanthou; Iraklis Varlamis; Charikleia Latsiou

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Reconstructing Synthetic Profiles from Surface Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method for the extrapolation of vertical profiles of temperature (and/or steric heights) from measurements of sea surface elevation and sea surface temperature has been developed and is described here. The technique, called coupled pattern ...

Bruno Buongiorno Nardelli; Rosalia Santoleri

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

T-608: HP Virtual Server Environment Lets Remote Authenticated...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8: HP Virtual Server Environment Lets Remote Authenticated Users Gain Elevated Privileges T-608: HP Virtual Server Environment Lets Remote Authenticated Users Gain Elevated...

205

The Virtual Gas Turbine System for Alloy Assesment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Key words: Virtual turbine, Alloy design program, Gas turbine design program, Nickel-base ... developed a virtual gas turbine (VT) system as a combination of.

206

OLADE Virtual Energy Training Program (CAPEV) | Open Energy Informatio...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon OLADE Virtual Energy Training Program (CAPEV) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: OLADE Virtual Energy...

207

Mentee Profile  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mentee Profile Mentee Profile The information you provide on this form will assist us in providing you with a list of prospective mentor from which to choose the most appropriate match. Once you've completed the form, please email it to doementoringprogram@hq.doe.gov . Thank you for your interest in the DOE Mentoring Program. Name (last/first): Phone Number: Job Title/Series/Grade: Organization (indicate HQ or field - complete address): Email Address: Are you a Veteran? If yes, do want a veteran mentee? If yes, which branch of the service? Are you student or intern? Do you have a preference on mentor? For example, male, female, particular career field, specific person or other? If so, what or who? Do you want a mentor in your career field? What are your career goals?

208

Mentor Profile  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mentor Profile Mentor Profile The information you provide on this form will assist us in providing you with a list of prospective mentee from which to choose the most appropriate match. Once you've completed the form, please email it to doementoringprogram@hq.doe.gov . Thank you for your interest in the DOE Mentoring Program. Name (last/first): Phone Number: Job Title/Series/Grade: Organization (indicate HQ or field - complete address): Email Address: Are you a Veteran? If yes, do want a veteran mentee? If yes, which branch of the service? Do you want a student or intern mentee? Do you have a preference on mentee? For example, male, female, particular career field or other? If so, what or state name of pre selected mentee? Do you want a mentee in your career field? What are your hobbies?

209

CZT Virtual Frisch-grid Detector: Principles and Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cadmium Zinc Telluride (CdZnTe or CZT) is a very attractive material for using as room-temperature semiconductor detectors, because it has a wide bandgap and a high atomic number. However, due to the material's poor hole mobility, several special techniques were developed to ensure its suitability for radiation detection. Among them, the virtual Frisch-grid CZT detector is an attractive option, having a simple configuration, yet delivering an outstanding spectral performance. The goal of our group in Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) is to improve the performance of Frisch-ring CZT detectors; most recently, that effort focused on the non-contacting Frisch-ring detector, allowing us to build an inexpensive, large-volume detector array with high energy-resolution and a large effective area. In this paper, the principles of virtual Frisch-grid detectors are described, especially BNL's innovative improvements. The potential applications of virtual Frisch-grid detectors are discussed, and as an example, a hand-held gamma-ray spectrometer using a CZT virtual Frischgrid detector array is introduced, which is a self-contained device with a radiation detector, readout circuit, communication circuit, and high-voltage supply. It has good energy resolution of 1.4% (FWHM of 662-keV peak) with a total detection volume of {approx}20 cm{sup 3}. Such a portable inexpensive device can be used widely in nonproliferation applications, non-destructive detection, radiation imaging, and for homeland security. Extended systems based on the same technology have potential applications in industrial- and nuclear-medical-imaging.

Cui,Y.; Bolotnikov, A.; Camarda, G.; Hossain, A.; James, R. B.

2009-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

210

Virtual CSU-CHILL Radar: The VCHILL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Virtual CHILL (VCHILL) system makes it possible to transfer the educational and research experience of the Colorado State University dual polarization radar to remote locations over the Internet. The VCHILL operation includes remote control ...

V. Chandrasekar; Yoong-Goog Cho; D. Brunkow; A. Jayasumana

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

DOE Virtual University | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Services » Learning & Development » DOE Virtual University Services » Learning & Development » DOE Virtual University DOE Virtual University Learn more about DVU The Department of Energy Virtual University (DVU) is a central venue for executing, managing, partnering, and sharing corporate learning activities and programs. Read more Training Resources The Training Resources webpage has the links to the commonly used course catalogs and course schedules used by DOE employees. Course registration links can also be found here. Read more College of Science The College of Science's (CS) mission is to provide DOE employees with the information resources necessary to keep current in the field of science. Read more College of Health Safety & Security Through the National Training Center (NTC), the Office of Health, Safety

212

Robotics virtual rail system and method  

SciTech Connect

A virtual track or rail system and method is described for execution by a robot. A user, through a user interface, generates a desired path comprised of at least one segment representative of the virtual track for the robot. Start and end points are assigned to the desired path and velocities are also associated with each of the at least one segment of the desired path. A waypoint file is generated including positions along the virtual track representing the desired path with the positions beginning from the start point to the end point including the velocities of each of the at least one segment. The waypoint file is sent to the robot for traversing along the virtual track.

Bruemmer, David J. (Idaho Falls, ID); Few, Douglas A. (Idaho Falls, ID); Walton, Miles C. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2011-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

213

Occlusion Culling in Large Virtual Environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, occlusion testing in very large virtual environments is discussed from two perspectives: a theoretical one, discussing occlusion culling in relation to detail elision (level of detail), and a practical one, relating to an adaptive occlusion-culling ...

Karsten Bormann

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Trust negotiation: authorization for virtual organizations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Trust negotiation is an authorization approach for open distributed systems, such as dynamic coalitions and other types of virtual organizations. Under the trust negotiation approach to authorization, every resource that might be shared within the coalition ...

M. Winslett; Adam J. Lee; Kenneth J. Perano

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Pragmatic Lighting Transition Design for Virtual Environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This abstract describes and motivates Ideel, a tool to explore expression of high-level lighting design changes for interactive virtual environments. Ideel allows lighting designers to quickly describe lighting changes using a sketchbased interface.

Joshua B. Gross

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Stakeholder collaboration and engagement in virtual projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Stakeholder management is an important and common practice in any project, as it allows managers to better manage process, performance and risk. In virtual projects, collaboration and engagement with stakeholders is relatively more complex, challenging, ...

Ofer Zwikael; Arun A. Elias; Mark J. Ahn

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Virtualisation: Real security for virtual machines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Server virtualisation offers many real benefits to enterprises, maximising hardware resources and providing significant cost and energy savings. But there is a downside: all of the security issues we battle on networked systems also plague virtual machines, ...

Ulf Mattsson

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Applied Virtual Intelligence in Oil & Gas Industry;  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Applied Virtual Intelligence in Oil & Gas Industry; Past, Present, & Future Shahab D. Mohaghegh on a daily basis by almost everyone. Credit Card Fraud Detection Bank Loan Approval Bomb Sniffing Devices

Mohaghegh, Shahab

219

Dynamic Rightsizing with Quality-Controlled Algorithms in Virtualization Environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Virtualization and partitioning are the means by which multiple application instances can share and run multiple virtual machines supported by a platform. In a Green Cloud environment, the goal is to consolidate multiple applications onto virtual machines ... Keywords: Cloud Computing, Energy-Saving, Green Cloud, Queuing, Theory Virtual Machine

Ming-Jeng Yang; Chin-Lin Kuo; Yao-Ming Yeh

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Virtual 94th AOCS Annual Meeting and Expo  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

AOCS has created the first Virtual AOCS Annual Meeting & Expo on CD-ROM. Virtual 94th AOCS Annual Meeting and Expo Virtual Meetings DVD & CD-ROMs AOCS has created the first Virtual AOCS Annual Meeting & Expo on CD-ROM.  bstracts for ev

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "virtual temperature profiles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Improving energy efficiency of buffer cache in virtual machines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Main memory contributes a large fraction of energy consumption in powerful servers running virtualization software to support concurrent virtual machines (VMs). Furthermore, data-intensive applications executing inside virtual machines increase the demand ... Keywords: Buffer Cache,Virtual Machine,Energy Management

Lei Ye; Chris Gniady

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

A semantics driven user interface for virtual saarlouis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Virtual reality can support edutainment applications which seek to provide an engaging experience with virtual objects and spaces. However, these environments often contain scripted avatars and activities that lack the ability to respond or adapt to ... Keywords: ISReal, agents, semantic virtual worlds, virtual saarlouis

Deborah Richards; Stefan Warwas

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Applications of virtual reality for visually impaired people  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes in detail the development and applications of a Virtual Reality Simulator for Visually Impaired People. It makes an auditory representation of the virtual environment, rendering the virtual world entirely through the hearing. The ... Keywords: electromagnetic position tracker, spatial sound, virtual reality, visually impaired

M. A. Torres-Gil; O. Casanova-Gonzalez; J. L. Gonzalez-Mora

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Past Project on Visualization and Virtual Reality for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NAME: Visualization and Virtual Reality for Manufacturing CONTACT: Sandy Ressler, sandy.ressler@nist.gov IMPETUS ...

225

Architectural Lighting Analysis in Virtual Lighting Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Architectural Lighting Analysis in Virtual Lighting Laboratory Architectural Lighting Analysis in Virtual Lighting Laboratory Speaker(s): Mehlika Inanici Date: July 7, 2003 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Satkartar K. Kinney Virtual Lighting Laboratory is a Radiance-based lighting analysis tool and methodology that proposes transformations in the utilization of computer visualization in lighting analysis and design decision-making. It is a computer environment, where the user has been provided with matrices of illuminance and luminance values extracted from high dynamic range images. The principal idea is to provide the laboratory to the designer and researcher to explore various lighting analysis techniques instead of imposing limited number of predetermined metrics. In addition, it introduces an analysis approach for temporal and spatial lighting

226

Home-based Shared Virtual Memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this dissertation, I investigate how to improve the performance of shared virtual memory (SVM) by examining consistency models, protocols, hardware support and applications. The main conclusion of this research is that the performance of shared virtual memory can be significantly improved when performance-enhancing techniques from all these areas are combined. This dissertation proposes home-based lazy release consistency as a simple, effective, and scalable way to build shared virtual memory systems. In home-based protocols each shared page has a home to which all writes are propagated and from which all copies are derived. Two home-based protocols are described, implemented and evaluated on two hardware and software platforms: Automatic Update Release Consistency (AURC), which requires hardware support for fine-grained remote writes (automatic updates), and Homebased Lazy Release Consistency (HLRC), which is implemented exclusively in software. The dissertation investigates the ...

Liviu Iftode

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

TOPS: A Free-Fall Velocity and CTD Profiler  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A free-fall instrument, TOPS, measures vertical profiles of horizontal ocean velocity, conductivity and temperature. Profiling capability extends throughout the full water column (6000 db pressure limitation). Larger vertical wavelength (water ...

S. P. Hayes; H. B. Milburn; E. F. Ford

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Analytical Shear Statistics Based on Nocturnal Wind Profiles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For a number of periods since 1978, wind and temperature profile measurements have been taken at two radio masts of 300 m height located in northern Germany. From wind profiles obtained during nocturnal conditions, wind shear data were calculated ...

K-P. Wittich; J. Hartmann; R. Roth

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Virtual radiation fields for ALARA determination  

SciTech Connect

As computing power has increased, so too has the ability to model and simulate complex systems and processes. In addition, virtual reality technology has made it possible to visualize and understand many complex scientific and engineering problems. For this reason, a virtual dosimetry program called Virtual Radiation Fields (VRF) is developed to model radiation dose rate and cumulative dose to a receptor operating in a virtual radiation environment. With the design and testing of many facilities and products taking place in the virtual world, this program facilitates the concurrent consideration of radiological concerns during the design process. Three-dimensional (3D) graphical presentation of the radiation environment is made possible through the use of IGRIP, a graphical modeling program developed by Deneb Robotics, Inc. The VRF simulation program was designed to model and display a virtual dosimeter. As a demonstration of the program`s capability, the Hanford tank, C-106, was modeled to predict radiation doses to robotic equipment used to remove radioactive waste from the tank. To validate VRF dose predictions, comparison was made with reported values for tank C-106, which showed agreement to within 0.5%. Graphical information is presented regarding the 3D dose rate variation inside the tank. Cumulative dose predictions were made for the cleanup operations of tank C-106. A four-dimensional dose rate map generated by VRF was used to model the dose rate not only in 3D space but also as a function of the amount of waste remaining in the tank. This allowed VRF to predict dose rate at any stage in the waste removal process for an accurate simulation of the radiological conditions throughout the tank cleanup procedure.

Knight, T.W.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

230

Some aspects of virtual black holes  

SciTech Connect

We first consider consistently third-quantize modified gravity. We then analyze certain aspects of virtual black holes in this third-quantized modified gravity. We see how a statistical mechanical origin for the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy naturally arises in this model. Furthermore, the area and hence the entropy of a real macroscopic black hole is quantized in this model. Virtual black holes cause a loss of quantum coherence, which gives an intrinsic entropy to all physical systems that can be used to define a direction of time and hence provide a solution to the problem of time.

Faizal, M., E-mail: faizal.mir@durham.ac.uk [University of Durham, Department of Mathematics (United Kingdom)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

231

Ion mobility spectrometer with virtual aperture grid  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ion mobility spectrometer does not require a physical aperture grid to prevent premature ion detector response. The last electrodes adjacent to the ion collector (typically the last four or five) have an electrode pitch that is less than the width of the ion swarm and each of the adjacent electrodes is connected to a source of free charge, thereby providing a virtual aperture grid at the end of the drift region that shields the ion collector from the mirror current of the approaching ion swarm. The virtual aperture grid is less complex in assembly and function and is less sensitive to vibrations than the physical aperture grid.

Pfeifer, Kent B. (Los Lunas, NM); Rumpf, Arthur N. (Albuquerque, NM)

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

232

Navigation, Wayfinding, and Place Experience within a Virtual City  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report a qualitative study of navigation, wayfinding, and place experience within a virtual city. “Cityscape” is a virtual environment (VE), partially algorithmically generated and intended to be redolent of the aggregate forms of real ...

Craig D. Murray; John M. Bowers; Adrian J. West; Steve Pettifer; Simon Gibson

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

The Mobile Animator: Interactive Character Animation in Collaborative Virtual Environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have designed a mobile -PDA-based- interfacefor real-time control of virtual characters in multiusersemi-immersive Virtual Environments -using a large rear-projectionscreen. The proof-of-concept implementation wepresent shows the potential of handheld ...

Mario Gutiérrez; Frédéric Vexo; Daniel Thalmann

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Development of extensible virtual instruments for SCADA applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an architecture and design of a solution for virtual instrumentation in SCADA systems. The aim of this approach is to propose a way to design virtual instrumentation based on software components, which ensures uniform, consistent ...

Traian Turc; Adrian Gligor; Cristian Dumitru; Alexandru Morar

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Perspective isosurface and direct volume rendering for virtual endoscopy applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Virtual endoscopy has proven to be a very powerful tool in endoscopic surgery. However, most virtual endoscopy systems are restricted to rendering isosurfaces or require segmentation in order to visualize additional objects behind occluding tissue. This ...

Henning Scharsach; Markus Hadwiger; André Neubauer; Stefan Wolfsberger; Katja Bühler

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

DOE Virtual Library of Energy Science and Technology | OSTI,...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

DOE Virtual Library of Energy Science and Technology DOE Virtual Library of Energy Science and Technology April 13, 1999 Walter L. Warnick, Ph.D., Director Office of Scientific and...

237

Integrating Pedagogical Agents into Virtual Environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order for a virtual environment to be effective as a training tool, it is not enough to concentrate on the fidelity of the renderings and the accuracy of the simulated behaviors. The environment should help trainees develop an understanding of the ...

W. Lewis Johnson; Jeff Rickel; Randy Stiles; Allen Munro

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Environmental-aware virtual data center network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud computing services have recently become a ubiquitous service delivery model, covering a wide range of applications from personal file sharing to being an enterprise data warehouse. Building green data center networks providing cloud computing services ... Keywords: Green ICT, GreenStar Network, Mantychore FP7, Neutral carbon network, Virtual data center

Kim Khoa Nguyen; Mohamed Cheriet; Mathieu Lemay; Victor Reijs; Andrew Mackarel; Alin Pastrama

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

A virtual environment for network testing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The testing of network-based solutions demands a series of tedious tasks such as the deployment of the solution at different nodes and the configuration of different topologies. The manual execution of these tasks is very time consuming and a configurable ... Keywords: Re-configuration, Software testing, Virtual network

Wade A. Fagen; João W. Cangussu; Ram Dantu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Intelligent content production for a virtual speaker  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a graphically embodied animated agent (a virtual speaker) capable of reading a plain English text and rendering it in a form of speech accompanied by the appropriate facial gestures. Our system uses a lexical analysis of an English text and ...

Karlo Smid; Igor S. Pandzic; Viktorija Radman

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "virtual temperature profiles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Applications of Virtual Reality to Nuclear Safeguards  

SciTech Connect

This paper explores two potential applications of Virtual Reality (VR) to international nuclear safeguards: training and information organization and navigation. The applications are represented by two existing prototype systems, one for training nuclear weapons dismantlement and one utilizing a VR model to facilitate intuitive access to related sets of information.

Stansfield, S.

1998-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

242

Towards a virtual organization for data cyberinfrastructure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on the exploratory stages of multi-university, multi-research-site, multi-year effort to investigate and compare data practices in multiple cyberinfrastructure projects and their emerging virtual organizations. Our long-term goal is to understand ... Keywords: collaborative work, cyberinfrastructure, scientific data, sensor networks

Christine L. Borgman; Geoffrey C. Bowker; Thomas A. Finholt; Jillian C. Wallis

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Creating Chinkin works in the virtual space  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a method to enable people to experience "Chinkin" in the virtual space is introduced. Chinkin is a traditional artistic technique to draw designs on lacquer ware with fine lines and dots, and it was widely used to produce Daimyo's utensils ...

Shinji Mizuno

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Virtual Prairie: Going Green with Volunteer Computing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Multi-species prairie composed primarily of clonal plants can achieve different ecological functions. They can be a good source of biofuel, a mean of water purification in agriculture or a biodiversity guardian. The goal of the Virtual Prairie project ...

Malek Smaoui; Marc Garbey; Cendrine Mony

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Real-time individualized virtual humans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This tutorial will present the latest techniques to model fast individualized animatable virtual humans for Real-Time applications. As a human is composed of a head and a body, we will analyze how these two parts can be modeled and globally animated ...

Nadia Magnenat-Thalmann; Daniel Thalmann

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Prudhoe Bay Oil Production Optimization: Using Virtual  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

total field oil production by optimizing the gas discharge rates and pressures at the separation1 Prudhoe Bay Oil Production Optimization: Using Virtual Intelligence Techniques, Stage One: Neural Model Building Shahab D. Mohaghegh, West Virginia University Lynda A. Hutchins, BP Exploration (Alaska

Mohaghegh, Shahab

247

Green Flexible Opportunistic Computing with Virtualization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy efficiency and High computing power are basic design considerations across modern-day computing solutions due to different concerns such as system performance, operational cost, and environmental issues. Opportunistic grid infrastructures offer ... Keywords: grid computing, opportunistic computing, scalable architectures, energy-aware systems, virtualization, performance of systems

Harold Castro; German Sotelo; Cesar O. Diaz; Pascal Bouvry

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Education: Digital Resource Center - WEB: The Virtual Nuclear Tourist  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sep 24, 2007 ... The Virtual Nuclear Tourist website provides extensive balanced information about nuclear power plants. Topics include nuclear power ...

249

An application of shared virtual reality to situational training  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents current research being undertaken at Sandia National Laboratories to develop a distributed, shared virtual reality simulation system. The architecture of the system is presented within the framework of an initial application: situational ... Keywords: Sandia National Laboratories, computer based training, distributed shared virtual reality simulation, escort training, groupware, inspector training, nuclear nonproliferation treaties, research, shared virtual reality, situational training, user interfaces, virtual reality

S. Stansfield; D. Shawver; N. Miner; D. Rogers

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Test of the Fixed Anvil Temperature Hypothesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fixed anvil temperature (FAT) hypothesis is examined based on the Aqua Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS)-based cloud-top temperature (CTT) in conjunction with the tropical atmospheric profiles and sea surface temperature (...

Yue Li; Ping Yang; Gerald R. North; Andrew Dessler

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Providing More Interactivity to Virtual Museums: A Proposal for a VR Authoring Tool  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the museuVirtual project that is developing an authoring tool for the collaborative building of nonimmersive museums in virtual reality. The rationale behind museuVirtual is based on the observation that virtual museums found on ...

Raul S. Wazlawick; Marta C. Rosatelli; Edla M. F. Ramos; Walter A. Cybis; Bernd H. Storb; Vera R. N. Schuhmacher; Antonio C. Mariani; Tereza Kirner; Claudio Kirner; Lea C. Fagundes

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Ada and grace: toward realistic and engaging virtual museum guides  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To increase the interest and engagement of middle school students in science and technology, the InterFaces project has created virtual museum guides that are in use at the Museum of Science, Boston. The characters use natural language interaction and ... Keywords: STEM, informal science education, natural language interaction, photoreal characters, virtual human applications, virtual museum guides

William Swartout; David Traum; Ron Artstein; Dan Noren; Paul Debevec; Kerry Bronnenkant; Josh Williams; Anton Leuski; Shrikanth Narayanan; Diane Piepol; Chad Lane; Jacquelyn Morie; Priti Aggarwal; Matt Liewer; Jen-Yuan Chiang; Jillian Gerten; Selina Chu; Kyle White

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Energy Efficient Allocation of Virtual Machines in Cloud Data Centers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rapid growth of the demand for computational power has led to the creation of large-scale data centers. They consume enormous amounts of electrical power resulting in high operational costs and carbon dioxide emissions. Moreover, modern Cloud computing ... Keywords: Energy efficiency, Cloud computing, Energy consumption, Green IT, Resource management, Virtualization, Allocation of virtual machines, Live migration of virtual machines

Anton Beloglazov; Rajkumar Buyya

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Investigation on Virtual Assembly and Motion Simulation of Scroll Compressor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is efficient and economic to excogitate new product of a scroll compressor by means of virtual design. It accords with development and requirement of scroll compressors products currently. Virtual assembly and motion simulation is important process ... Keywords: scroll compressor, virtual assembly, assembly scheme, motion simulation

Haisheng Li; Yinghua Chen

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Interactive digital storytelling in the sarajevo survival tools virtual environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Virtual museums enable Internet users to explore museum collections online. The question is how to enhance the viewer's experience and learning in such environments. In the Sarajevo Survival Tools virtual museum we introduced a new concept of interactive ... Keywords: storytelling, user study, virtual museums

Selma Rizvic; Aida Sadzak; Vedad Hulusic; Amela Karahasanovic

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Virtual Wind Speed Sensor for Wind Turbines Andrew Kusiak1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Virtual Wind Speed Sensor for Wind Turbines Andrew Kusiak1 ; Haiyang Zheng2 ; and Zijun Zhang3 Abstract: A data-driven approach for development of a virtual wind-speed sensor for wind turbines is presented. The virtual wind-speed sensor is built from historical wind-farm data by data-mining algorithms

Kusiak, Andrew

257

Virtual bidding: the good, the bad and the ugly  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Virtual bidding has become an integral part of major organized electricity markets in the U.S. over the last decade; in some markets, virtual bids set the price half the time. Although virtual bidding can enhance the efficiency of electricity markets, that does not come without risk. (author)

Celebi, Metin; Hajos, Attila; Hanser, Philip Q

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

258

Memory-efficient and scalable virtual routers using FPGA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Router virtualization has recently gained much interest in the research community. It allows multiple virtual router instances to run on a common physical router platform. The key metrics in designing network virtual routers are: (1) number of supported ... Keywords: fpga, ip lookup, pipeline, virutal routers

Hoang Le; Thilan Ganegedara; Viktor K. Prasanna

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Transparent Accelerator Migration in a Virtualized GPU Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a framework to support transparent, live migration of virtual GPU accelerators in a virtualized execution environment. Migration is a critical capability in such environments because it provides support for fault tolerance, on-demand ... Keywords: GPU, Virtualization, OpenCL, Migration, VOCL

Shucai Xiao; Pavan Balaji; James Dinan; Qian Zhu; Rajeev Thakur; Susan Coghlan; Heshan Lin; Gaojin Wen; Jue Hong; Wu-chun Feng

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Virtual environment for solar energy systems design and testing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper refers to a virtual environment which represents the main support for experiments with photovoltaic energy systems in the design and testing stage. This software environment is very useful because, compairing to the experiments with real energetic ... Keywords: artificial intelligence, photovoltaic energy systems, simulator, synchronization, virtual environment, virtual experiments

Lucian Milea; Orest Oltu; Marius Stoian; Sanda Osiceanu

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "virtual temperature profiles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Provisioning Virtual Resources Adaptively in Elastic Compute Cloud Platforms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Provisioning Virtual machines on demand is significant in elastic compute cloud for reliable service delivery. The importance and major difficulty lies in satisfying the conflicting objectives of satisfying contracted service level agreement while lowering ... Keywords: Dynamic Resource Provision, Multi-Tier Applications, Virtual Machines, Virtualized Cloud Platform

Fan Zhang; Junwei Cao; Hong Cai; Cheng Wu

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Network traces of virtual worlds: measurements and applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although network traces of virtual worlds are valuable to ISPs (Internet service providers), virtual world software developers, and research communities, they do not exist in the public domain. In this work, we implement a complete testbed to efficiently ... Keywords: traffic measurement, traffic modeling, virtual world

Yichuan Wang; Cheng-Hsin Hsu; Jatinder Pal Singh; Xin Liu

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Intermediate Species Profiles in Low-Pressure Methane ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... inhibited by CHF3 at an equal loading of ffuo ... 10 using the experimental temperature profile as input ... HFC mechanism may be down- loaded from http ...

2012-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

264

February 13, 2008 Virtualized Environments for the Harness High Performance Computing Workbench 1/17 Virtualized Environments for the Harness  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

February 13, 2008 Virtualized Environments for the Harness High Performance Computing Workbench 1/17 Virtualized Environments for the Harness High Performance Computing Workbench Björn Könning1,2, Christian Virtualized Environments for the Harness High Performance Computing Workbench 4/17 Harness HPC Workbench

Engelmann, Christian

265

Deflagration Wave Profiles  

SciTech Connect

Shock initiation in a plastic-bonded explosives (PBX) is due to hot spots. Current reactive burn models are based, at least heuristically, on the ignition and growth concept. The ignition phase occurs when a small localized region of high temperature (or hot spot) burns on a fast time scale. This is followed by a growth phase in which a reactive front spreads out from the hot spot. Propagating reactive fronts are deflagration waves. A key question is the deflagration speed in a PBX compressed and heated by a shock wave that generated the hot spot. Here, the ODEs for a steady deflagration wave profile in a compressible fluid are derived, along with the needed thermodynamic quantities of realistic equations of state corresponding to the reactants and products of a PBX. The properties of the wave profile equations are analyzed and an algorithm is derived for computing the deflagration speed. As an illustrative example, the algorithm is applied to compute the deflagration speed in shock compressed PBX 9501 as a function of shock pressure. The calculated deflagration speed, even at the CJ pressure, is low compared to the detonation speed. The implication of this are briefly discussed.

Menikoff, Ralph [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

266

User_TalentProfile  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Accessing and Modifying Talent Profile Accessing and Modifying Talent Profile © 2011 SuccessFactors, Inc. - 1 - SuccessFactors Learning Confidential. All rights reserved. Job Aid: Accessing and Modifying Talent Profile Purpose The purpose of this job aid is to guide users through the step-by-step process of accessing their talent profiles, adding information to their profiles, and editing existing talent profile information. Task A. Access Talent Profile Enter the web address (URL) of the user application into your browser Address field and press the Enter key. Enter your user ID in the User ID textbox. Enter your password in the Password textbox. Click Sign In. Access Talent Profile 4 Steps Task A Add Information to Talent Profile Sections 5 Steps Task B Edit Talent Profile Sections

267

Integrating High Performance Computing and Virtual Environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High performance computing has become accepted as a tool that can be used to solve many large scale computational problems. Because of the complexity of the problems associated with high performance computing, visualization of the output of high performance computing applications has always been an important factor in providing a complete problem solving environment for the high performance computing user. As visualization technology advances, it is important to consider what impacts those advances will have on the integration of high performance computing and visualization. Virtual environments are the most recent, and arguably the most powerful, visualization environments in use today. In this paper we analyze the current state of the research of integrating visualization, and in particular virtual environments, with high performance computing. We also present a framework for implementing such an environment and report on the status of its implementation at the Australian National Un...

Brian Corrie; David Sitsky; Paul Mackerras

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Virtual Appliances for Deploying and Maintaining Software  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper attempts to address the complexity of system administration by making the labor of applying software updates independent of the number of computers on which the software is run. Complete networks of machines are packaged up as data; we refer to them as virtual appliances. The publisher of an appliance controls the software installed on the appliance, from the operating system to the applications, and is responsible for keeping the appliance up to date. These appliances can be configured by users to fit their needs; the configuration is captured such that it can be reapplied automatically when the appliance's software is updated. We have developed a compute utility, called the Collective, which assigns virtual appliances to hardware dynamically and automatically. By keeping software up to date, our approach prevents security break-ins due to fixed vulnerabilities.

Constantine Sapuntzakis David; David Brumley; Ramesh Chandra; Nickolai Zeldovich; Jim Chow; Monica S. Lam; Mendel Rosenblum

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Virtual radiation fields for ALARA determination  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

VRF (virtual radiation fields) was developed to accurately predict the radiation dose received by a person or robotic device with minimum effort. Dose calculations are performed using Monte Carlo techniques while the user interacts with the computer via a user-friendly graphical interface. The code has been utilized for the prediction of radiation doses from the Hanford Reservation waste tanks, particularly tank c-106. This paper describes the features of the code and evaluates it`s application to tank c-106.

Knight, T.W.; Dalton, G.R.; Tulenko, J.S. [Univ. of Flordia, Gainesville, FL (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

270

Improving query performance in virtual data warehouses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to improve the quality of Business Intelligence Systems in an organization we can choose to build the system using BI techniques such as OLAP and data warehousing or by using traditional reports based on SQL queries. The cost and developing ... Keywords: SQL query plans, analytical functions, business intelligence projects, data extraction, indexes, partitioning techniques, query optimization and performance, tuning and optimization, virtual data warehouse

Adela Bâra; Ion Lungu; Manole Velicanu; Vlad Diaconita; Iuliana Botha

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Virtual Hydropower Prospector | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Virtual Hydropower Prospector Virtual Hydropower Prospector Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Virtual Hydropower Prospector Agency/Company /Organization: Idaho National Laboratory Sector: Energy Topics: Resource assessment Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: hydropower.inl.gov/prospector/index.shtml Country: United States Cost: Free Northern America Coordinates: 37.09024°, -95.712891° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.09024,"lon":-95.712891,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

272

A web-based virtual lighting simulator  

SciTech Connect

This paper is about a web-based ''virtual lighting simulator,'' which is intended to allow architects and lighting designers to quickly assess the effect of key parameters on the daylighting and lighting performance in various space types. The virtual lighting simulator consists of a web-based interface that allows navigation through a large database of images and data, which were generated through parametric lighting simulations. At its current form, the virtual lighting simulator has two main modules, one for daylighting and one for electric lighting. The daylighting module includes images and data for a small office space, varying most key daylighting parameters, such as window size and orientation, glazing type, surface reflectance, sky conditions, time of the year, etc. The electric lighting module includes images and data for five space types (classroom, small office, large open office, warehouse and small retail), varying key lighting parameters, such as the electric lighting system, surface reflectance, dimming/switching, etc. The computed images include perspectives and plans and are displayed in various formats to support qualitative as well as quantitative assessment. The quantitative information is in the form of iso-contour lines superimposed on the images, as well as false color images and statistical information on work plane illuminance. The qualitative information includes images that are adjusted to account for the sensitivity and adaptation of the human eye. The paper also includes a section on the major technical issues and their resolution.

Papamichael, Konstantinos; Lai, Judy; Fuller, Daniel; Tariq, Tara

2002-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

273

A web-based virtual lighting simulator  

SciTech Connect

This paper is about a web-based ''virtual lighting simulator,'' which is intended to allow architects and lighting designers to quickly assess the effect of key parameters on the daylighting and lighting performance in various space types. The virtual lighting simulator consists of a web-based interface that allows navigation through a large database of images and data, which were generated through parametric lighting simulations. At its current form, the virtual lighting simulator has two main modules, one for daylighting and one for electric lighting. The daylighting module includes images and data for a small office space, varying most key daylighting parameters, such as window size and orientation, glazing type, surface reflectance, sky conditions, time of the year, etc. The electric lighting module includes images and data for five space types (classroom, small office, large open office, warehouse and small retail), varying key lighting parameters, such as the electric lighting system, surface reflectance, dimming/switching, etc. The computed images include perspectives and plans and are displayed in various formats to support qualitative as well as quantitative assessment. The quantitative information is in the form of iso-contour lines superimposed on the images, as well as false color images and statistical information on work plane illuminance. The qualitative information includes images that are adjusted to account for the sensitivity and adaptation of the human eye. The paper also includes a section on the major technical issues and their resolution.

Papamichael, Konstantinos; Lai, Judy; Fuller, Daniel; Tariq, Tara

2002-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

274

Recent Developments in Virtual Reality Based Education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A series of virtual reality based educational modules are being developed to explore the capabilities of this emerging technology, and to determine how and where virtual reality can provide the greatest benefits to engineering educators. The most advanced application, Vicher, has been significantly expanded and split into two modules. Student evaluations of a newly developed safety analysis module show great promise, but also the need for further development. Other modules being developed cover topics in atomic crystal structures, fluid flow characteristics, thermodynamic relationships, and four component azeotropic distillation. This paper will describe the latest developments in the ongoing investigation of virtual reality as an educational medium. INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND Engineering educators are making use of an increasing number of computer simulation packages to aid them in attaining their educational objectives 5,7,9,10. The reasons for doing so include the desire to reach students that have alternate learning styles 4,11, to provide experience based education 6, and to augment traditional laboratory facilities that are being stretched increasingly thin with growing enrollments 3.

John T. Bell; H. Scott Fogler

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Thirty Stage Annular Centrifugal Contactor Thermal Profile Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A thirty stage 5 cm annular centrifugal contactor cascade has been assembled and tested to obtain thermal profiles during both ambient and heated input conditions of operation. Thermocouples were installed on every stage as well as feed inputs and Real-time data was taken during experiments lasting from two to eight hours at total flow rates of 0.5 to 1.4 liters per minute. Ambient temperature profile results show that only a small amount of heat is generated by the mechanical energy of the contactors. Steady state temperature profiles mimic the ambient temperature of the lab but are higher toward the middle of the cascade. Heated inlet solutions gave temperature profiles with smaller temperature gradients, more driven by the temperature of the inlet solutions than ambient lab temperature. Temperature effects of solution mixing, even at rotor speeds of 4000 rpm, were not measurable.

David H. Meikrantz; Troy G. Garn; Jack D. Law

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

The Development of a Fine- and Microstructure Profiler  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new freely-falling ocean profiler for measuring finescale variations in temperature, salinity and horizontal velocity and microscale variations in temperature, conductivity, velocity and refractive index has been constructed. The High ...

Raymond W. Schmit; John M. Toole; Richard L. Koehler; Edward C. Mellinger; Kenneth W. Doherty

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Profiling ALACEs and Other Advances in Autonomous Subsurface Floats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the past decade more than 1200 autonomous floats have been deployed worldwide. In addition to velocity as marked by lateral movement, many of these floats measured quantities like profiles of temperature and salinity, temperature ...

R. E. Davis; J. T. Sherman; J. Dufour

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

T-678: Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Hypervisor VLAN Packet Processing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8: Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Hypervisor VLAN Packet 8: Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Hypervisor VLAN Packet Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Deny Service T-678: Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Hypervisor VLAN Packet Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Deny Service July 28, 2011 - 3:47pm Addthis PROBLEM: A vulnerability was reported in Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Hypervisor. A remote user can cause denial of service conditions. PLATFORM: Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization-hypervisor package. ABSTRACT: Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Hypervisor VLAN Packet Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Deny Service. reference LINKS: RHSA-2011:1090-1 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1025853 CVE-2011-1576 RHBA-2011:1068-1,Hypervisor is based on KVM - Bug Fix Advisory IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion: A flaw was found that allowed napi_reuse_skb() to be called on VLAN

279

Best Practices for Engaging Virtual Training | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Best Practices for Engaging Virtual Training Best Practices for Engaging Virtual Training Course Title: CCBP-Best Practices for Engaging Virtual Training Date: Online course Time: At your discretion Registration link: Best Practices for Engaging Virtual Training / http://www.trainingindustry.com/webinars/best-practices-for-engaging-virtual-training.aspx Course type: Recorded Webinar Course Location: N/A Course Description: Ensuring that virtual training is engaging and grabs the attention of the audience is crucial to the success of the program. Join us for this TrainingIndustry.com webinar, presented on the Adobe Connect platform, to hear Jacqueline Beck, a Master Trainer for Adobe, share her expertise and tips on best practices for engaging learners in the

280

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vermont Electricity Profile 2010 Vermont profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Vermont) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) NPCC Primary Energy Source Nuclear Net Summer...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "virtual temperature profiles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Accelerator beam profile analyzer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A beam profile analyzer employing sector or quadrant plates each servo controlled to outline the edge of a beam.

Godel, Julius B. (Bayport, NY); Guillaume, Marcel (Grivegnee, BE); Lambrecht, Richard M. (East Quogue, NY); Withnell, Ronald (East Setauket, NY)

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Trade and Reliability; All Reports ‹ See all Electricity Reports State Electricity Profiles. ... Electric Power Industry Emissions Estimates, 1990 Through 2010:

283

Virtual environments for nuclear power plant design  

SciTech Connect

In the design and operation of nuclear power plants, the visualization process inherent in virtual environments (VE) allows for abstract design concepts to be made concrete and simulated without using a physical mock-up. This helps reduce the time and effort required to design and understand the system, thus providing the design team with a less complicated arrangement. Also, the outcome of human interactions with the components and system can be minimized through various testing of scenarios in real-time without the threat of injury to the user or damage to the equipment. If implemented, this will lead to a minimal total design and construction effort for nuclear power plants (NPP).

Brown-VanHoozer, S.A.; Singleterry, R.C. Jr.; King, R.W. [and others

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Virtual Power Plant Simulation and Control Scheme Design.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Virtual Power Plant (VPP) is a concept that aggregate Distributed Energy Resources (DER) together, aims to overcome the capacity limits of single DER and… (more)

Chen, Zhenwei

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Virtual Office Community and Computing Lab | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

effective tool with our industry and university partners and we look forward to other DOE energy science organizations becoming members of this virtual collaboration framework",...

286

Experts To Examine Virtual Enterprise Uses of Info Tech  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experts To Examine Virtual Enterprise Uses of Info Tech. ... tools and technology can be used in consort ... its 5.7 working group on the use of computer ...

2012-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

287

Protection of Data in Virtual and Physical Computing Environments  

Protection of Data in Virtual and Physical Computing Environments Note: The technology described above is an early stage opportunity. Licensing rights to this ...

288

CyclePad: an articulate virtual laboratory for engineering thermodynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: AI and education, cased-based coaching, compositional modeling, engineering thermodynamics, functional reasoning, intelligent learning environments, qualitative reasoning, virtual laboratories

Kenneth D. Forbus; Sven E. Kuehne; Peter B. Whalley; John O. Everett; Leo Ureel; Mike Brokowski; Julie Baher

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

PNNL offers 'virtual tour' of Shallow Underground Laboratory...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PNNL offers 'virtual tour' of Shallow Underground Laboratory | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the...

290

Step Inside the Cyberworld of a Virtual Reality Steel Mill  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although virtual reality displays are frequently seen at computer trade shows, Tippins is the first to incorporate it into the steel manufacturing industry, said ...

291

Virtual Screening of Materials for Gaseous Fuel Storage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Virtual Screening of Materials for Gaseous Fuel Storage .... Numerical Study on Behavior of Top-Blown Supersonic Jets and Their Interaction  ...

292

Advanced Virtual Energy Simulation Training And Research (AVESTAR...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gasifier Optimization and Plant Supporting Systems Advanced Virtual Energy Simulation Training And Research (AVESTAR(tm)) Facility NETL Office of Research and Development Project...

293

Towards IQ-Appliances: Quality-awareness in Information Virtualization .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Our research addresses two important problems that arise in modern large-scale distributed systems: 1. The necessity to virtualize their data flows by applying actions such… (more)

Niranjan Mysore, Radhika

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Electromagnetic Profiling Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electromagnetic Profiling Techniques Electromagnetic Profiling Techniques Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Electromagnetic Profiling Techniques Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Electrical Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Rock composition, mineral and clay content Stratigraphic/Structural: Detection of permeable pathways, fracture zones, faults Hydrological: Resistivity influenced by porosity, grain size distribution, permeability, fluid saturation, fluid type and phase state of the pore water Thermal: Resistivity influenced by temperature

295

Vertical Seismic Profiling | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vertical Seismic Profiling Vertical Seismic Profiling Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Vertical Seismic Profiling Details Activities (4) Areas (3) Regions (1) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Downhole Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Borehole Seismic Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Borehole Seismic Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Rock unit density influences elastic wave velocities. Stratigraphic/Structural: Structural geology- faults, folds, grabens, horst blocks, sedimentary layering, discontinuities, etc. Hydrological: Combining compressional and shear wave results can indicate the presence of fluid saturation in the formation. Thermal: High temperatures and pressure impact the compressional and shear wave velocities.

296

Electrical Profiling Configurations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electrical Profiling Configurations Electrical Profiling Configurations Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Electrical Profiling Configurations Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Electrical Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Direct-Current Resistivity Survey Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Rock composition, mineral and clay content Stratigraphic/Structural: Detection of permeable pathways, fracture zones, faults Hydrological: Resistivity influenced by porosity, grain size distribution, permeability, fluid saturation, fluid type and phase state of the pore water Thermal: Resistivity influenced by temperature

297

Why give away something for nothing? Investigating virtual goods pricing and permission strategies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the rapid increase of virtual goods created for virtual world exchanges and the record growth of user-to-user transactions in these in-world economies, an important question is how a creator sets prices for a virtual good so as to maximize her profit ... Keywords: Virtual worlds, digital goods, permissions, pricing strategy, virtual goods

Sulin Ba; Dan Ke; Jan Stallaert; Zhongju Zhang

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Theoretical and Practical Aspects of Conducting Meetings and Events in Virtual Worlds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Whether businesses will make use of virtual worlds for meetings, training, and events is not just an academic question. Use of existing and newly developed virtual worlds is expected to grow for the near future. International companies are entering a ... Keywords: Collaborative Meetings, Second Life, Virtual Business Applications, Virtual Meetings and Events, Virtual Worlds

Arhlene A. Flowers; Kimberly Gregson

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Using a dance pad to navigate through the virtual heritage environment of macquarie lighthouse, Sydney  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we look at the potential of a novel navigational interface, a dance pad, to allow users to intuitively explore a virtual heritage environment. An immersive Virtual Reality environment has been created to learn about the historical background ... Keywords: USB dance pad, alternative HCI input devices, virtual heritage, virtual reality, virtual-immersive environments

Eric Fassbender; Debbie Richards

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Temperature Inversions in the Subarctic North Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydrographic data from the World Ocean Database 2001 and Argo profiling floats were analyzed to study temperature inversions in the subarctic North Pacific Ocean. The frequency distribution of temperature inversions [F(t-inv)] at a resolution of ...

Hiromichi Ueno; Ichiro Yasuda

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "virtual temperature profiles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

The Underway Conductivity–Temperature–Depth Instrument  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of the Underway Conductivity–Temperature–Depth (UCTD) instrument is motivated by the desire for inexpensive profiles of temperature and salinity from underway vessels, including volunteer observing ships (VOSs) and research ...

Daniel L. Rudnick; Jochen Klinke

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Process for forming retrograde profiles in silicon  

SciTech Connect

A process for forming retrograde and oscillatory profiles in crystalline and polycrystalline silicon. The process consisting of introducing an n- or p-type dopant into the silicon, or using prior doped silicon, then exposing the silicon to multiple pulses of a high-intensity laser or other appropriate energy source that melts the silicon for short time duration. Depending on the number of laser pulses directed at the silicon, retrograde profiles with peak/surface dopant concentrations which vary from 1-1e4 are produced. The laser treatment can be performed in air or in vacuum, with the silicon at room temperature or heated to a selected temperature.

Weiner, Kurt H. (San Jose, CA); Sigmon, Thomas W. (Phoenix, AZ)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Developing Virtual Reality Applications: Foundations of Effective Design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Virtual Reality systems enable organizations to cut costs and time, maintain financial and organizational control over the development process, digitally evaluate products before having them created, and allow for greater creative exploration. In this ... Keywords: Computer Graphics, User Interfaces, Virtual Reality

Alan Craig; William R. Sherman; Jeffrey D. Will

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Shifting GEARS to enable guest-context virtual services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We argue that the implementation of VMM-based virtual services for a guest should extend into the guest itself, even without its cooperation. Placing service components directly into the guest OS or application can reduce implementation complexity and ... Keywords: code transformation, services, virtual machines

Kyle C. Hale; Lei Xia; Peter A. Dinda

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

A flexible service selection for executing virtual services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the adoption of a service-oriented paradigm on the Web, many software services are likely to fulfil similar functional needs for end-users. We propose to aggregate functionally equivalent software services within one single virtual service, that ... Keywords: marketplace, service aggregation, service discovery, service selection, service selector, virtual service

Nassim Laga; Emmanuel Bertin; Noel Crespi; Ivan Bedini; Benjamin Molina; Zhenzhen Zhao

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Exploring Power-Efficient Provisioning for Online Virtual Network Requests  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the paradigm of cloud computing, multiple users can share the cloud infrastructure resources. The application or service requests from a user can be abstracted as a virtual network (VN) request and submitted to the cloud-based data centers. How to ... Keywords: power efficien, provisioning, virtual network request, embedding, datacenters

Gang Sun, Hongfang Yu, Vishal Anand, Dan Liao, Lemin Li

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Education---Oriented Virtual Environment for Clothing Thermal Functional Performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a simulation environment for the education of clothing thermal function. It allows learners in a virtual environment to learn the clothing thermal comfort theory and identify the most important factors that influence clothing thermal ... Keywords: Visualization, clothing thermal functional performance, education oriented, virtual environment

Xiaonan Luo; Wenbang Hou; Yi Li

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Cells: A Self-Hosting Virtual Infrastructure Service  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe the design and implementation of Cells, a novel multi-tenanted virtual infrastructure service. Cells has the unique property of being self-hosting: it operates its own management system within one of the tenant virtual infrastructures that ... Keywords: cloud computing, infrastructure as a service

Alistair Coles; Eric Deliot; Aled Edwards; Anna Fischer; Patrick Goldsack; Julio Guijarro; Rycharde Hawkes; Johannes Kirschnick; Steve Loughran; Paul Murray; Lawrence Wilcock

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Reviren: augmenting virtual environments with personal digital assistants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Our research group is currently embarked on building cheap display-based virtual environments. With the use of Personal Digital Assistants becoming more widespread and commonplace, there is a need to investigate ways of allowing them to integrate better ... Keywords: design, dynamic interface, human factors, mobile interface, virtual environment control

Richard Schroder; Marc Bosma; Andrew Cousins; Gary Marsden

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Virtualisation: An overview of the best known virtual solutions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Our overview of virtual solutions will begin with the numerous available open source options. Xen is one of those currently attracting the most attention, thanks to its performance and zero cost. The Xen virtual machine component is part of the kernel, ...

Dario Forte

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Virtual International Research/Education Center: Energy Saving LEDs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an establish and operation of energy saving LEDs virtual international research/education center. This is a long-term international engineering education and research collaboration program among California Polytechnic State University ... Keywords: Virtual, research/education center, LEDs

Xiaomin Jin, Xiao-Hua Yu, Xiang-Ning Kang, Guo-Yi Zhang, Guifang Dong

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Relevant measurements for polyps in 3D virtual colonoscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Virtual Colonoscopy is an innovative method to discover colon neoplasias created in order to alleviate patients aches generated by the standard colonoscopy. For the same reason, we have realized an automatic process finalized to find polyps into the ... Keywords: CT colonography, image processing, polyp distance, rendering, segmentation, skeletonization, virtual colonoscopy

Vitoantonio Bevilacqua; Marianna Notarnicola; Marco Cortellino; Antonio Scarpa; Diego Taurino; Giuseppe Mastronardi

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Evolution of vision capabilities in embodied virtual creatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We evolve light following behaviours in virtual creatures through neural network training using an incremental evolution approach. The neural controllers of creatures evolved for movement are augmented with simple visual neurons and neural connections. ... Keywords: artificial life, evolution, genetic algorithms, learning, virtual creatures, vision

Marcin L. Pilat; Christian Jacob

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Personal varrier: autostereoscopic virtual reality display for distributed scientific visualization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As scientific data sets increase in size, dimensionality, and complexity, new high resolution, interactive, collaborative networked display systems are required to view them in real-time. Increasingly, the principles of virtual reality (VR) are being ... Keywords: 3D display, autostereo, autostereoscopy, camera-based tracking, parallax barrier, personal varrier, varrier, virtual reality

Tom Peterka; Daniel J. Sandin; Jinghua Ge; Javier Girado; Robert Kooima; Jason Leigh; Andrew Johnson; Marcus Thiebaux; Thomas A. DeFanti

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Transcranial Doppler: A Tool for Augmented Cognition in Virtual Environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, we propose the use of Transcranial Doppler Monitoring (TCD) as a tool to measure brain activity during the exposure to virtual environments (VE) that can be used in Augmented Cognition (AugCog) systems. The technique is non-invasive, and ... Keywords: Augmented Cognition, Cognitive State Assessment, Neurophysiological Data, Transcranial Doppler, Virtual Reality

Beatriz Rey; Mariano Alcañiz; Valery Naranjo; Jose Tembl; Vera Parkhutik

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

An empirical investigation of virtual Interaction in supporting learning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research investigates "virtual interaction," a special type of interaction between a learner and a rich media representation of an instructor. Guided by the Technology Mediated Learning (TML) research framework, the research investigates the impacts ... Keywords: e-learning, question answering, technology mediated learning (TML), virtual interaction

Jinwei Cao; Janna M. Crews; Ming Lin; Judee K. Burgoon; Jay F. Nunamaker, Jr.

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

A fault-tolerant strategy for virtualized HPC clusters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Virtualization is a common strategy for improving the utilization of existing computing resources, particularly within data centers. However, its use for high performance computing (HPC) applications is currently limited despite its potential for both ... Keywords: Benchmark, Checkpointing, Fault-tolerance, MPI, Virtualization

John Paul Walters; Vipin Chaudhary

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Leadership Constraints: Leading Global Virtual Teams Through Environmental Complexity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research focused on the question: What leadership constraints contribute to the complexity of the working environment faced by global virtual team leaders and how do those leadership constraints impact the behavior of leaders when they are trying ... Keywords: Computer Mediated Communication, Constraints, Global Virtual Team, Leadership, Telework

Leslie C. Tworoger, Cynthia P. Ruppel, Baiyun Gong, Randolph A. Pohlman

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

A real-time virtual machine implementation for small microcontrollers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A way to host a full general purpose virtual machine (VM) interpreter on a very small microcontroller platform is described. This machine provides a comprehensive set of general and enhanced functionality efficiently by abstracting the VM instruction ... Keywords: Microcontrollers, Real-time systems, Virtual machine

W. Roger Davis; Phillip A. Laplante; Bo I. Sandén

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

A Virtual Reality Patient and Environments for Image Guided Diagnosis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe a real-time virtual reality platform and a novel visualization technique designed to deliver constant rendering speed of highly detailed anatomical structures at interactive rates using portable, and low-cost computers. Our solution represents ... Keywords: Anatomical Guidance, Augmented Reality, FAST Exam, Virtual Human Interface

Barnabas Takacs; David Hanak; Kirby G. Voshburg

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "virtual temperature profiles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

The VarrierTM autostereoscopic virtual reality display  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Virtual reality (VR) has long been hampered by the gear needed to make the experience possible; specifically, stereo glasses and tracking devices. Autostereoscopic display devices are gaining popularity by freeing the user from stereo glasses, however ... Keywords: 3D display, autostereoscopic display, camera-based tracking, parallax barrier, varrier, virtual reality

Daniel J. Sandin; Todd Margolis; Jinghua Ge; Javier Girado; Tom Peterka; Thomas A. DeFanti

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

From Virtual Organization to E-Business: Transformational Structuration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article shows how the technical hype of 1990s has been transformed into the e-business organizations at the beginning of the 21st century. The authors took an interpretive stance in this study, grounded theory, and investigated the ontology of virtual ... Keywords: E-Business, Flexible Domination, Grounded Theory, Metaphors, Structuration Theory, Transformational Structuration, Virtualization

Pairin Katerattanakul; Ben B. Kim; James J. Lee; Bandula Jayatilaka; Ted E. Lee; Soongoo Hong

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Human computer interaction with hand gestures in virtual environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the ever increasing and flourishing phenomena of growth in virtual environments based upon computer systems; demands for new kind of interaction devices have emerged. The present used devices like keyboard, mouse and pen are cumbrousome within these ... Keywords: hand gestures, human computer interaction, virtual environment

Siddharth S. Rautaray; Anand Kumar; Anupam Agrawal

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Virtual reality training applications for the mining industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Virtual reality is a rapidly growing technology which utilises the ever-increasing power of computers to simulate real-world and imaginary environments and situations with a high degree of realism and interactiveness. Safety in the South African mining ... Keywords: mining training applications, realism, safety training, virtual reality

Etienne van Wyk; Ruth de Villiers

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Back to the Holodeck: new life for virtual reality?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines the gap between optimistic 1990s predictions of "immersive" Virtual Reality and the fact that these systems are not in widespread use today (2007). In particular, Janet Murray's 1997 adoption of the science fiction device "The Holodeck" ... Keywords: augmented reality, desktop VR, experience, holodeck, immersion, peak oil, technology, virtual reality

Andrew Hutchison

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Ideal, real and virtual textile structure modelling and visualization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Usually the software for textile visualization uses ideal model based on simplified structure assumptions that may not be in a good agreement with reality. Real model reconstructs a small volume of structure from 2D parallel cuts. Proposed virtual model ... Keywords: FFT, OpenGL, VRML, image processing, virtual reality

Miloslav Kosek; Tomas Mikolanda; Bohumila Koskova

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Plug-in-hybrid electric vehicles park as virtual DVR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Plug-in-hybrid electric vehicles park as virtual DVR F.R. Islam and H.R. Pota Dynamic voltage in a real-life low voltage power system. Hybrid-electric power technologies and advances in batteries make electric vehicle (PHEV) batteries and their bidirectional charger in a charging station as virtual dynamic

Pota, Himanshu Roy

328

Review: The evolution of virtual fences: A review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A virtual fence can be defined as a structure serving as an enclosure, a barrier, or a boundary without a physical barrier. The concept of virtual fencing occurs increasingly in discussions wherever free-ranging livestock is managed. It is especially ... Keywords: Animal welfare, Fence injury, Global positioning system, Learning behaviour, Nature conservation, Remote gathering

Christina Umstatter

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Going to town: Visualized perspectives and navigation through virtual environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two experiments examined how spatial learning perspectives support navigation through virtual urban environments. Participants briefly learned the overall layout of a virtual desktop environment, and then were taken on a simulated journey ending at a ... Keywords: Navigation, Spatial cognition, Spatial perspectives, Spatial visualizations

Tad T. Brunyé; Aaron Gardony; Caroline R. Mahoney; Holly A. Taylor

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

On the classification and management of Virtual Organisation Breeding Environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wide variety of domains and applications have identified the need for collaboration among heterogeneous, autonomous and geographically disperse organisations. Virtual Organisations (VOs) represent a main form of network for goal-oriented ... Keywords: VBE challenges, VBE competency management, VBE management, VBE trust management, breeding environments, collaboration, collaborative networks, information management, information technology, technology management, virtual organisations

Hamideh Afsarmanesh; Luis M. Camarinha-Matos

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Emotional and aesthetic factors of virtual mobile learning environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses the theoretical starting points and design considerations for addressing the emotional and aesthetic aspects of Virtual Learning Environments (VLEs) in support of ubiquitous teaching, studying and learning. It is asserted ... Keywords: VLEs, aesthetics, communication, emotions, learning regulation, mobile learning, network-based learning, psychosocial regulation, ubiquitous learning, ubiquitous studying, virtual learning environments

Tom Page; Marian Hepburn; Miika Lehtonen; Gisli Thorsteinsson; Subramanian Arunachalam

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Editing, reviewing, and anti-plagiarism policies for virtual environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Both traditional and virtual environments face the plague of plagiarism and are confronted with decreasing attention to perfecting original research and study skills. Among all, e-sources seem most exposed and tempting for the ones who seek an easy way ... Keywords: citation, copyright laws, editing and reviewing for virtual environments, plagiarism

Suzana Carmen Cismas

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Virtual Divestitures, Will They Make A Difference?: Cournot Competition, Options Markets and Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of such a divestiture of Virtual Power Plants (VPPs), andand physical Virtual Power Plants. The second goal (sectionFabra (2004). Virtual Power Plants In this new philosophy of

Willems, Bert

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Research Commentary---Virtual Worlds: A Performative Perspective on Globally Distributed, Immersive Work  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Virtual worlds are immersive, simulated, persistent, and dynamic environments that include rich graphical three dimensional spaces, high fidelity audio, motion, viewpoint, and interactivity. Initially dismissed as environments of play, virtual worlds ... Keywords: boundaries, identity, performativity, presence, virtual worlds

Ulrike Schultze; Wanda J. Orlikowski

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Proceedings of the 2007 ACM symposium on Virtual reality software and technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ACM Symposium on Virtual Reality Software and Technology (VRST) is an eminent forum for dissemination of the latest research results in virtual reality. The goal of this symposium is to provide an opportunity for researchers in virtual reality and applications ...

Aditi Majumder; Larry Hodges; Daniel Cohen-Or; Stephen N. Spencer

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Load Profiling Based Routing for Guaranteed Bandwidth Flows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. To support the stringent Quality of Service (QoS) requirements of real-time (e.g. audio/video) applications in integrated services networks, several routing algorithms that allow for the reservation of the needed bandwidth over a Virtual Circuit (VC), established on one of several candidate routes, have been proposed. Traditionally, such routing is done using the least-loaded concept, and thus results in balancing the load across the set of candidate routes. In this paper, we propose the use of load profiling as an attractive alternative to load balancing for routing guaranteed bandwidth VCs (flows). Load profiling techniques allow the distribution of "available" bandwidth across a set of candidate routes to match the characteristics of incoming VC QoS requests. We thoroughly characterize the performance of VC routing using load profiling and contrast it to routing using load balancing and load packing. We do so both analytically and via extensive simulations of multi-class traffic r...

Ibrahim Matta; Azer Bestavros; Marwan Krunz

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Beam discharge excited by distributed virtual cathode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new type of beam discharge, i.e., beam discharge with a distributed virtual cathode (VC) is proposed and considered by numerical simulation. The discharge is established during counter motion of high-current electron beams in a gas-filled equipotential cavity and is characterized by a state of hot dense electron plasma of primary electrons. The discharge temporal dynamics is studied. It is shown that the VC lifetime depends linearly from this sum in a wide range of the sum of beam currents, from the boundary current of two-beam instability to the critical current of Pierce instability. Generation of nonlinear electrostatic structures shaped as phase bubbles in the discharge is detected, and their dynamics is studied. The parameters are determined, at which the multiple coexistence of phase bubbles and their coalescence during collisions is observed.

Barabanov, V. N.; Dubinov, A. E.; Loiko, M. V.; Saikov, S. K.; Selemir, V. D. [All-Russia Research Institute of Experimental Physics, Russian Federal Nuclear Center (Russian Federation); Tarakanov, V. P. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Joint Institute for High Temperatures (Russian Federation)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

338

Unitary constraints on Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering  

SciTech Connect

At moderately low momentum transfer ($-t$ up to 1 GeV$^2$) the coupling to the vector meson production channels gives the dominant contribution to real Compton and deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS). Starting from a Regge Pole approach that successfully describes vector meson production, the singular part of the corresponding box diagrams (where the intermediate vector meson-baryon pair propagates on-shell) is evaluated without any further assumptions (unitarity). Such a treatment explains not only the unexpectedly large DVCS unpolarized cross section that has been recently measured at Jefferson Laboratory (JLab), but also all the beam spin and charge asymmetries that has been measured at JLab and Hermes, without explicit need of Generalized Parton Distributions (GPD). The issue of the relationship between the two approaches is addressed.

J.M. Laget

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

EULER - A Real Virtual Library for Mathematics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The EULER project completed its work in November 2002. It forms the last part of a very successful project in the specialized but global discipline of mathematics. After a successful RTD project had created the technology, a take-up project has effectively exploited it to the point where its future is assured through a not-for-profit consortium. EULER is a European based, world class, real virtual library for mathematics with up-to-date technological solutions, well accepted by users. In particular, EULER provides a world reference and delivery service, transparent to the end user and offering full coverage of the mathematics literature world-wide, including bibliographic data, peer reviews and/or abstracts, indexing, classification and search, transparent access to library services, co-operation with commercial information providers (publishers, bookstores). The EULER services provide a gateway to the electronic catalogues and repositories of participating institutions, while the latter retain complete respo...

Jost, Michael

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Temperature Microstructure in the Equatorial Atlantic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertical profiles of temperature microstructure were collected at seven sites in the equatorial Atlantic between 24°W and 33°W, 2°N and 1°20?S. The use of three identical temperature microstructure profiles gives insight into the spatial and ...

T. R. Osborn; L. E. Bilodeau

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "virtual temperature profiles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Virtual radiation fields -- A virtual environment tool for radiological analysis and simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A virtual reality system was developed for computational and graphical modeling and simulation of radiation environments. This system, called Virtual Radiation Fields (VRF), demonstrates the usefulness of radiological analysis in simulation-based design for predicting radiation doses for robotic equipment and personnel working in a radiation environment. The system was developed for use in determining the radiation doses for robotic equipment to be used in tank-waste retrieval operations at the Hanford National Laboratory. As a reference case, specific application is made to simulate cleanup operations for Hanford tank C-106. A three-dimensional model representation of the tank and its predicted radiation levels are presented and analyzed. Tank cleanup operations were simulated to understand how radiation levels change during the cleanup phase and to predict cumulative radiation doses to robotic equipment to aid in the development of maintenance and replacement schedules.

Knight, T.W.; Dalton, G.R.; Tulenko, J.S. [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering Sciences

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Texas Crop Profile: Onions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This profile of onion production in Texas gives an overview of basic commodity information; discusses insect, disease and weed pests; and covers cultural and chemical control methods.

Hall, Kent D.; Holloway, Rodney L.; Smith, Dudley

2000-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

343

A Moored Profiling Instrument*  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The specifications and performance of a moored vertical profiling instrument, designed to acquire near-full-ocean-depth profile time series data at high vertical resolution, are described. The 0.8-m-diameter by 0.4-m-wide device utilizes a ...

K. W. Doherty; D. E. Frye; S. P. Liberatore; J. M. Toole

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

TASITA—Towed Air–Sea interface Temperature Analyzer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An accurate platinum RTD-based (resistive temperature device) system has been developed to measure the vertical temperature profile in the region of the atmosphere-ocean interface. TASITA, the towed air–sea interaction temperature analyzer, ...

R. P. Cechet; J. Bennett; I. Helmond; P. A. Coppin; E. F. Bradley; I. J. Bapton; J. S. Godfrey

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Near-inertial internal wave field in the Canada Basin from Ice-Tethered Profilers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Salinity and temperature profiles from drifting Ice-Tethered Profilers in the Beaufort Gyre region of the Canada Basin are used to characterize and quantify the regional near-inertial internal wave field over one year. Vertical displacements of ...

Hayley V. Dosser; Luc Rainville; John M. Toole

346

SkinDeEP: A Profiling Instrument for Upper-Decameter Sea Surface Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Skin Depth Experimental Profiler (SkinDeEP) is an autonomous, self-contained, hydrodynamic instrument capable of making repeated, high-resolution profiles of temperature and conductivity within the ocean's upper decameter. Autonomous ...

Brian Ward; Rik Wanninkhof; Peter J. Minnett; Michael J. Head

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Data Protection and Rapid Recovery From Attack With A Virtual Private File Server and Virtual Machine Appliances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When a personal computer is attacked, both personal data like digital photos and system configuration information like installed programs can be lost. To protect personal data, we house it in a file server virtual machine running on the same physical host and export it to other virtual machines running on the same host. We implement this private file server virtual machine using a modified version of an NFS server installed in a virtual machine under various virtualization environments such as Xen and VMware. We also demonstrate that by placing the user’s applications in a virtual machine rather than directly on the base machine we can provide near instant recovery of system configuration information. We quantify the costs of this architecture by comparing benchmarks running directly on a base operating system and accessing data in a local filesystem to those running in a guest operating system and accessing data in an NFS partition mounted from a file server virtual machine. We find that for Xen the overhead of read intensive workloads is at most 5 % and for write intensive workloads the overhead is at most 24%. For system benchmarks that stress CPU and memory performance, we see no noticeable degradation.

Jeanna N. Matthews; Jason J. Herne; Todd M. Deshane; Patty A. Jablonski; Leslie R. Cherian; Mike T. Mccabe

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Applied Environmental Microbiology | VIMSS - Virtual Institute for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Profiling of Microbial Population Profiling of Microbial Population T-RFLP offers a reproducible way to rapidly describe population structures based upon sequence length polymorphisms in rapidly evolving regions of small subunit rRNAs (30). In a typical experiment, one or both primers in a PCR amplification are derivatized with a fluorescent ligand at the 5' terminus. Only the terminal fragments are labeled in a restriction digest of the PCR products, and these can be re-solved on a DNA sequencing gel. This method has been used recently to characterize the microbial population structure in sediments (4, 54). We will use T-RFLP mapping to refine our understanding of the variability of micro-bial populations at relatively high spatial resolution along gradients of varying contaminant and site

349

Site remediation in a virtual environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe the process used in combining an existing computer simulation with both Virtual Reality (VR) input and output devices, and conventional visualization tools, so as to make the simulation easier to use and the results easier to understand. VR input technology facilitates direct user manipulation of three dimensional simulation parameters. Commercially available visualization tools provide a flexible environment for representing abstract scientific data. VR output technology provides a more flexible and convincing way to view the visualization results than is afforded in contemporary visualization software. The desired goal of this process is a prototype system that minimizes man-machine interface barriers, as well as enhanced control over the simulation itself, so as to maximize the use of scientific judgement and intuition. In environmental remediation, the goal is to clean up contaminants either by removing them or rendering them non-toxic. A computer model simulates water or chemical flooding to mobilize and extract hydrocarbon contaminants from a volume of saturated soil/rock. Several wells are drilled in the vicinity of the contaminant, water and/or chemicals are injected into some of the wells, and fluid containing the mobilized hydrocarbons is pumped out of the remaining wells. The user is tasked with finding well locations and pumping rates that maximize recovery of the contaminants while minimizing drilling and pumping costs to clean up the site of interest.

Bethel, W.; Jacobsen, J.; Holland, P.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Structured Query Language for Virtual Observatory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Currently two query languages are defined as standards for the Virtual Observatory (VO). Astronomical Data Query Language (ADQL) is used for catalog data query and Simple Image Access Protocol (SIAP) is for image data query. As a result, when we query each data service, we need to know in advance which language is supported and then construct a query language accordingly. The construct of SIAP is simple, but they have a limited capability. For example, there is no way to specify multiple regions in one query, and it is difficult to specify complex query conditions. In this paper, we propose a unified query language for any kind of astronomical database on the basis of SQL99. SQL is a query language optimized for a table data, so to apply the SQL to the image and spectrum data set, the data structure need to be mapped to a table like structure. We present specification of this query language and an example of the architecture for the database system.

Yuji Shirasaki; Masatoshi Ohishi; Yoshihiko Mizumoto; Masahiro Tanaka; Satoshi Honda; Masafumi Oe; Naoki Yasuda; Yoshifumi Masunaga

2004-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

351

The Heavy Ion Fusion Science Virtual National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Slide 1 The Heavy Ion Fusion Science Virtual National Laboratory Python in a Parallel Environment Dave Grote - LLNL & LBNL NUG2013 User Day Wednesday, February 15, 2013 Slide 2 The...

352

Resilient hosting in a continuously available virtualized environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe continuously available services and application hosting on the Events/IBM.com® Infrastructure (EI)-a continuously available virtualized environment based on three active data centers that has demonstrated 100-percent availability ...

R R. Scadden; R J. Bogdany; J. W. Clifford; H. D. Pearthree; R. A. Locke

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Optimal operation of a virtual power plant with risk management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the evolving smart power systems (or smart grids), distributed generators (DG) and virtual power plants (VPP) have major roles in providing electric energy for microgrids. This paper studies the optimal operation of a VPP in a microgrid considering ...

H. Taheri; A. Rahimi-Kian; H. Ghasemi; B. Alizadeh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

A case for high performance computing with virtual machines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Virtual machine (VM) technologies are experiencing a resurgence in both industry and research communities. VMs offer many desirable features such as security, ease of management, OS customization, performance isolation, check-pointing, and migration, ...

Wei Huang; Jiuxing Liu; Bulent Abali; Dhabaleswar K. Panda

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

NETL: Gasification Systems - Advanced Virtual Energy Simulation Training  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Virtual Energy Simulation Training And Research (AVESTAR(tm)) Facility Advanced Virtual Energy Simulation Training And Research (AVESTAR(tm)) Facility Project No: Adv Gas-FY131415 Task 6 Developed as a part of NETL's initiative to advance new clean coal technology, the Advanced Virtual Energy Simulation Training And Research (AVESTARTM) Center is focused on training engineers and energy plant operators in the efficient, productive, and safe operation of highly efficient power generation systems that also protect the environment. Comprehensive dynamic simulator-based instruction better prepares operators and engineers to manage advanced energy plants according to economic constraints while minimizing or avoiding the impact of any potentially harmful, wasteful, or inefficient events. Advanced Virtual Energy Simulation Training and Research Center - AVESTAR

356

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: IES Virtual Environment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

IES Virtual Environment IES Virtual Environment IES Virtual Environment Logo The IES Virtual Environment (IESVE) is a powerful, in-depth suite of building performance analysis tools. It allows the design and operation of comfortable buildings that consume significantly less energy. Whether working on a new build or renovation project, the VE allows designers to test different options, identify best passive solutions, compare low-carbon & renewable technologies, and draw conclusions on energy use, CO2 emissions, occupant comfort, and much more. There are various tools in the suite; each designed to provide sustainable analysis at levels suitable for different design team members and design stages. All utilise our Apache dynamic thermal simulation engine, and an integrated central data model, which has direct links to SketchUp™,

357

Enforcing performance isolation across virtual machines in xen  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Virtual machines (VMs) have recently emerged as the basis for allocating resources in enterprise settings and hosting centers. One benefit of VMs in these environments is the ability to multiplex several operating systems on hardware based on dynamically ...

Diwaker Gupta; Ludmila Cherkasova; Rob Gardner; Amin Vahdat

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

A Framework for IP Based Virtual Private Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document describes a framework for Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) running across IP backbones. It discusses the various different types of VPNs, their respective requirements, and proposes specific mechanisms that could be used to implement each ...

B. Gleeson; A. Lin; J. Heinanen; G. Armitage; A. Malis

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Constructing battery-aware virtual backbones in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A critical issue in battery-powered sensor networks is to construct energy efficient virtual backbones for network routing. Recent study in battery technology reveals that batteries tend to discharge more power than needed and reimburse the overdischarged ...

Chi Ma; Yuanyuan Yang; Zhenghao Zhang

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

From physical to virtual : extending the gallery experience online  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is an exploration of the ways in which interactive features in the virtual space can be developed to complement physical museum exhibitions, as well as create opportunities for museums to reach broader audiences. ...

Ho, Moneta Kwok-Ching, 1976-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "virtual temperature profiles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Hadley Cell Dynamics in a Virtually Dry Snowball Earth Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Hadley cell of a virtually dry snowball Earth atmosphere under equinox insolation is studied in a comprehensive atmospheric general circulation model. In contrast to the Hadley cell of modern Earth, momentum transport by dry convection, which ...

Aiko Voigt; Isaac M. Held; Jochem Marotzke

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

A review of using virtual reality for learning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The major concern of educators is how to enhance the outcome of education. Better education media used to assist teaching has constantly been sought by researchers in the educational technology domain. Virtual Reality (VR) has been identified as one ...

Elinda Ai-Lim Lee; Kok Wai Wong

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Towards reactive scheduling for large-scale virtual power plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Concerning distributed energy management, virtual power plants are a frequently discussed topic. Although there are several different approaches to the coordination of distributed energy resources in this context, the inherent dynamics of this complex ...

Martin Tröschel; Hans-Jürgen Appelrath

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Incorporating Quality-of-Service in the Virtual Interface Architecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

User-level Networking (ULN) is gaining rapid acceptance in the commercial world with Virtual Interface Architecture (VIA), and Infiniband more recently, being touted as the interface of choice to diverse peripherals. There is an important issue with ...

Shailabh Nagar; Chun Liu; Gokul B. Kandiraju; Anand Sivasubramaniam; N. Gautam

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

On using virtual circuits for GridFTP transfers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of this work is to characterize scientific data transfers and to determine the suitability of dynamic virtual circuit service for these transfers instead of the currently used IP-routed service. Specifically, logs collected by servers executing ...

Z. Liu, M. Veeraraghavan, Z. Yan, C. Tracy, J. Tie, I. Foster, J. Dennis, J. Hick, Y. Li, W. Yang

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

A virtual channel technique for supporting P2P streaming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nowadays, some powerful client devices, e.g., smart phone, set top boxes and digital video recorders, are commonly used to enhance digital TV broadcasting services. This paper proposes a virtual channel platform by organizing these client devices to ...

Jau-Wu Huang; Nien-Chen Lin; Kai-Chao Yang; Chen-Lung Chan; Jia-Shung Wang

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Analysing virtual organisation risk sources: an analytical network process approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

SMEs have to collaborate with other enterprises in a virtual organisation (VO) forms to cope with an increasingly dynamic and competitive environment. Despite the increased interest in the area of collaboration information is still lacking about the ...

Mohammad Alawamleh; Keith Popplewell

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Computational Engineering on the Grid: Crafting a Distributed Virtual Reactor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports on our research into supporting collaborative distributed applications on the Grid. Our case study application, a Virtual Reactor problem solving environment, was built for simulation of industrially important technology of plasma ...

V. V. Krzhizhanovskaya; V. V. Korkhov; A. Tirado-Ramos; D. J. Groen; I. V. Shoshmina; I. A. Valuev; I. V. Morozov; N. V. Malyshkin; Y. E. Gorbachev; P. M. A. Sloot

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

PNNL offers 'virtual tour' of Shallow Underground Laboratory...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

for the Comprehensive-Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty to basic science research such as the search for dark matter in the universe or neutrinoless double-beta decay. The virtual tour...

370

VPM tokens: virtual machine-aware power budgeting in datacenters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Power consumption and cooling overheads are becoming increasingly significant for enterprise datacenters, affecting overall costs and the ability to extend resource capacities. To help mitigate these issues, active power management technologies are being ... Keywords: Power management, Virtualization

Ripal Nathuji; Karsten Schwan; Ankit Somani; Yogendra Joshi

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

High fidelity sensor simulations for the virtual autonomous navigation environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Virtual Autonomous Navigation Environment (VANE) is a high-fidelity simulation environment for ground robotics. Physicsbased realism is the primary goal of the VANE. The VANE simulation incorporates realistic lighting, vehicle-terrain interaction, ...

Chris Goodin; Phillip J. Durst; Burhman Gates; Chris Cummins; Jody Priddy

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Architectural support for secure virtualization under a vulnerable hypervisor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although cloud computing has emerged as a promising future computing model, security concerns due to malicious tenants have been deterring its fast adoption. In cloud computing, multiple tenants may share physical systems by using virtualization techniques. ...

Seongwook Jin; Jeongseob Ahn; Sanghoon Cha; Jaehyuk Huh

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Towards a scalable and flexible architecture for virtual private networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) are commonly used to provide secure connectivity over public networks. VPNs use tunnels to provide encryption, compression, and authentication functions, which are identically applied to every packet passing through them. ...

Shashank Khanvilkar; Ashfaq Khokhar

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Virtual Model Control of a Biped Walking Robot  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The transformation from high level task specification to low level motion control is a fundamental issue in sensorimotor control in animals and robots. This thesis develops a control scheme called virtual model control ...

Pratt, Jerry E.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

A tangible interface for a virtual reality presentation and design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is important for city planning projects and large-scale building construction to involve stakeholders and feedback their opinion to the project. This thesis introduces a Tangible Interface for Virtual Reality Presentation ...

Oishi, Jun, 1966-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Traffic condition tracking and visualization in virtual city testbed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computer traffic simulation is a tool widely used to understand how humans behave under varying traffic conditions. The Virtual City Testbed is a traffic simulation framework built to closely model human behavior by allowing ...

Zhu, Boyuan, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Measurements of Boundary Layer Profiles in an Urban Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Boundary layer profiles of mean temperature, velocity, and small-scale turbulence from in situ sensors, Doppler lidar, sodar, and rawinsondes are intercompared for an urban environment. A new Doppler lidar algorithm is presented to produce high-...

Rod Frehlich; Yannick Meillier; Michael L. Jensen; Ben Balsley; Robert Sharman

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

A New Free-Fall Profiler for Measuring Biophysical Microstructure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper evaluates the performance of a newly developed free-falling microstructure profiler. The instrument is equipped with standard turbulence sensors for measuring turbulent velocity shear and temperature gradient, as well as bio-optical ...

Fabian Wolk; Hidekatsu Yamazaki; Laurent Seuront; Rolf G. Lueck

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Design Considerations for a Network of Thermodynamic Profilers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A modular design for a ground-based thermodynamic profiler is presented, based on experience with a six-channel microwave radiometer that has provided temperature, pressure, and moisture measurements continuously, unattended, since 1981. Each ...

J. A. Schroeder; J. R. Jordan; M. T. Decker

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Interpretation of Flux-Profile Observations at ITCE (1976)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At an International Turbulence Comparison Experiment (ITCE) in Australia (1976), wind, temperature and humidity profiles, plus vertical fluxes of momentum, sensible heat and latent heat were measured for a limited range of unstable conditions, ...

R. J. Francey; J. R. Garratt

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "virtual temperature profiles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Ground-Based Passive Microwave Profiling during Dynamic Weather Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Short-period (1–5 min) temperature and humidity soundings up to 10-km height are retrieved from ground-based 12-channel microwave radiometer profiler (MWRP) observations. In contrast to radiosondes, the radiometric retrievals provide very high ...

K. R. Knupp; T. Coleman; D. Phillips; R. Ware; D. Cimini; F. Vandenberghe; J. Vivekanandan; E. Westwater

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

GAPEX: A Ground-Based Atmospheric Profiling Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the week 29 October–4 November 1988, a Ground-based Atmospheric Profiling Experiment (GAPEX) was conducted at Denver Stapleton International Airport. The objective of GAPEX was to acquire and analyze atomspheric-temperature and moisture-...

W. L. Smith; H. E. Rvercomb; H. B. Howell; H. M. Woolf; R. O. Knuteson; R. G. Decker; M. J. Lynch; E. R. Westwater; R. G. Strauch; K. P. Moran; B. Stankov; M. J. Falls; J. Jordan; M. Jacobsen; W. F. Dabberdt; R. McBeth; G. Albright; C. Paneitz; G. Wright; P. T. May; M. T. Decker

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

The Rapid-Sampling Vertical Profiler: An Evaluation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Evaluation of the Rapid-Sampling Vertical Profiler, which was developed for sampling the hydrophysical fields in the upper ocean from a moving vessel, shows that the instrument is useful for near-microscale measurements of temperature and ...

D. R. Caldwell; T. M. Dillon; J. N. Moum

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

U.S.-U.K. Collaboration on Virtual Plant Simulation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

U.S.-U.K. Collaboration on U.S.-U.K. Collaboration on Virtual Plant Simulation Background Under the auspices of the U.S.-U.K. Memorandum of Understanding and Implementing Agreement for Fossil Energy Research and Technology Development, the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) participated in a three-year collaboration on virtual plant simulation with a project team supported by the Department for Business, Enterprise & Regulatory Reform in

385

Using Virtual Worlds to Explore Electric Power Grids and Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the design and implementation of two virtual worlds -- a QuickTime VR model of a power plant and a VRML model of a power grid -- to be used in electric power systems courses. These educational aids provide an economical and accessible way to help students relate and differentiate the mathematical description of a device and its actual appearance. The paper also briefly describes the technologies behind these virtual worlds and their deployment via the World Wide Web.

Agustín A. Irizarry-rivera; Manuel A. Pérez-Quiones; Rudolph P. Darken

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Virtual environmental applications for buried waste characterization technology evaluation report  

SciTech Connect

The project, Virtual Environment Applications for Buried Waste Characterization, was initiated in the Buried Waste Integrated Demonstration Program in fiscal year 1994. This project is a research and development effort that supports the remediation of buried waste by identifying and examining the issues, needs, and feasibility of creating virtual environments using available characterization and other data. This document describes the progress and results from this project during the past year.

NONE

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Chicken Killers or Bandwidth Patriots?: A Case Study of Ethics in Virtual Reality  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 2008, a resident of a computerized virtual world called "Second Life" programmed and began selling a "realistic" virtual chicken. It required food and water to survive, was vulnerable to physical damage, and could reproduce. This development led to ... Keywords: Cyberspace, Ethics, Just War, Resource Dilemma, Virtual Reality, Virtual Worlds

Kurt Reymers

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Tangible authoring of 3D virtual scenes in dynamic augmented reality environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes tangible interfaces and interactions for authoring 3D virtual and immersive scenes easily and intuitively in tangible augmented reality (AR) environment. It provides tangible interfaces for manipulating virtual objects in a natural ... Keywords: Augmented reality, RFID, Tangible interface, Virtual reality, Virtual studio

Jae Yeol Lee; Dong Woo Seo; Gue Won Rhee

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Evaluation of the sense of presence and immersion in virtual rehabilitation: influence of user movement feedback  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Virtual Rehabilitation has undergone enormous development in recent years. Most existing Virtual Rehabilitation Systems include a tracking system to provide users with feedback of their movements, allowing them to interact with the virtual environment. ... Keywords: human computer interaction, immersion, presence, tracking, virtual rehabilitation

Sergio Albiol-Pérez; José-Antonio Gil-Gómez; Mariano Alcañiz; Habib Moussa Fardoun

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Virtual item sales as a revenue model: identifying attributes that drive purchase decisions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The global market for virtual items, characters and currencies was estimated to exceed 2.1 Billion USD in 2007. Selling virtual goods for real money is an increasingly common revenue model not only for online games and virtual worlds, but for social ... Keywords: Business model, Consumer behaviour, Online communities, Purchase drivers, RMT, Virtual consumption

Vili Lehdonvirta

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

A location-aware virtual character in a smart room: effects on performance, presence and adaptivity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Location-aware ambient environments are relevant in designing interactive virtual characters. However, they raise several questions about spatial behaviors to be displayed by virtual characters, and about the perception of virtual characters by users. ... Keywords: adaptive agents, ambient interaction, experimental studies, interactive virtual agent, multimodal user interfaces, spatial behaviors

Ning Tan; Gaëtan Pruvost; Matthieu Courgeon; Céline Clavel; Yacine Bellik; Jean-Claude Martin

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Evolution of a virtual community: understanding design issues through a longitudinal study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: Internet, computer mediated communication, evolutionary design, information systems design, longitudinal study, participative design, virtual communities

Arvind Malhotra; Sanjay Gosain; Alexander Hars

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Let's keep in touch online: a Facebook aware virtual human interface  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A virtual human is an effective interface for interacting with users and plays an important role in carrying out certain tasks. As social networking sites are getting more and more popular, we propose a Facebook aware virtual human. The social networking ... Keywords: Dialogue, Human-virtual human interaction, Social networking sites, Virtual humans

Gengdai Liu; Shantanu Choudhary; Juzheng Zhang; Nadia Magenenat-Thalmann

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Categorisation of data management solutions for heterogeneous data in collaborative virtual engineering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Computer based virtual development is the basis of product engineering, called virtual engineering. The increasing demand of virtual engineering solutions for new domains and companies leads to a huge width of approaches in this area. To enhance the ... Keywords: PDM, PLM, collaboration, data management, exchange, integration, virtual engineering

Stephan Vornholt; Ingolf Geist; Yuexiao Li

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Wyoming Electricity Profile 2010 Wyoming profile Wyoming Electricity Profile 2010 Wyoming profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Wyoming) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) WECC Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 7,986 37 Electric Utilities 6,931 31 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 1,056 41 Net Generation (megawatthours) 48,119,254 31 Electric Utilities 44,738,543 25 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 3,380,711 42 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 67 23 Nitrogen Oxide 61 15 Carbon Dioxide 45,703 21 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 3.1 19 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 2.8 7 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 2,094 2 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 17,113,458 40 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 17,113,458 39

396

profiles | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

profiles profiles Dataset Summary Description This dataset contains hourly load profile data for 16 commercial building types (based off the DOE commercial reference building models) and residential buildings (based off the Building America House Simulation Protocols). This dataset also includes the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) for statistical references of building types by location. Source Commercial and Residential Reference Building Models Date Released April 18th, 2013 (9 months ago) Date Updated July 02nd, 2013 (7 months ago) Keywords building building demand building load Commercial data demand Energy Consumption energy data hourly kWh load profiles Residential Data Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually

397

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Idaho Electricity Profile 2010 Idaho profile Idaho Electricity Profile 2010 Idaho profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Idaho) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) WECC Primary Energy Source Hydroelectric Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 3,990 44 Electric Utilities 3,035 36 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 955 42 Net Generation (megawatthours) 12,024,564 44 Electric Utilities 8,589,208 37 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 3,435,356 40 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 7 45 Nitrogen Oxide 4 48 Carbon Dioxide 1,213 49 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1.2 39 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 0.8 43 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 222 50 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 22,797,668 38 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 22,797,668 37

398

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

California Electricity Profile 2010 California profile California Electricity Profile 2010 California profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (California) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) SPP/WECC Primary Energy Source Gas Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 67,328 2 Electric Utilities 28,689 2 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 38,639 4 Net Generation (megawatthours) 204,125,596 4 Electric Utilities 96,939,535 8 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 107,186,061 4 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 3 47 Nitrogen Oxide 80 9 Carbon Dioxide 55,406 16 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) * 49 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 0.9 41 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 598 46 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 258,525,414 2 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 240,948,673 2

399

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Carolina Electricity Profile 2010 South Carolina profile Carolina Electricity Profile 2010 South Carolina profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (South Carolina) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) SERC Primary Energy Source Nuclear Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 23,982 17 Electric Utilities 22,172 9 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 1,810 35 Net Generation (megawatthours) 104,153,133 14 Electric Utilities 100,610,887 6 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 3,542,246 39 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 106 19 Nitrogen Oxide 30 33 Carbon Dioxide 41,364 23 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 2.2 30 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 0.6 45 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 876 40 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 82,479,293 19 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 82,479,293 17

400

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

District of Columbia Electricity Profile 2010 District of Columbia profile District of Columbia Electricity Profile 2010 District of Columbia profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (District of Columbia) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) RFC Primary Energy Source Petroleum Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 790 51 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 790 46 Net Generation (megawatthours) 199,858 51 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 199,858 51 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 1 49 Nitrogen Oxide * 51 Carbon Dioxide 191 50 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 8.8 2 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 4.0 3 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 2,104 1 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 11,876,995 43 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 3,388,490 50 Energy-Only Provider Sales (megawatthours) 8,488,505 12

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "virtual temperature profiles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Virginia Electricity Profile 2010 Virginia profile Virginia Electricity Profile 2010 Virginia profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Virginia) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) RFC/SERC Primary Energy Source Nuclear Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 24,109 16 Electric Utilities 19,434 15 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 4,676 21 Net Generation (megawatthours) 72,966,456 21 Electric Utilities 58,902,054 16 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 14,064,402 25 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 120 16 Nitrogen Oxide 49 24 Carbon Dioxide 39,719 25 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 3.6 15 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.5 23 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,200 30 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 113,806,135 10 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 113,806,135 7

402

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Delaware Electricity Profile 2010 Delaware profile Delaware Electricity Profile 2010 Delaware profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Delaware) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) RFC Primary Energy Source Gas Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 3,389 46 Electric Utilities 55 48 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 3,334 29 Net Generation (megawatthours) 5,627,645 50 Electric Utilities 30,059 46 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 5,597,586 36 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 13 41 Nitrogen Oxide 5 47 Carbon Dioxide 4,187 45 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 5.2 7 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.9 16 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,640 15 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 11,605,932 44 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 7,582,539 46

403

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Colorado Electricity Profile 2010 Colorado profile Colorado Electricity Profile 2010 Colorado profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Colorado) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) RFC/WECC Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 13,777 30 Electric Utilities 9,114 28 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 4,662 22 Net Generation (megawatthours) 50,720,792 30 Electric Utilities 39,584,166 28 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 11,136,626 31 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 45 29 Nitrogen Oxide 55 20 Carbon Dioxide 40,499 24 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 2.0 32 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 2.4 10 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,760 12 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 52,917,786 27 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 52,917,786 24

404

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Kansas Electricity Profile 2010 Kansas profile Kansas Electricity Profile 2010 Kansas profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Kansas) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) MRO/SPP Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 12,543 32 Electric Utilities 11,732 20 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 812 45 Net Generation (megawatthours) 47,923,762 32 Electric Utilities 45,270,047 24 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 2,653,716 44 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 41 30 Nitrogen Oxide 46 26 Carbon Dioxide 36,321 26 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1.9 33 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 2.1 13 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,671 14 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 40,420,675 32 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 40,420,675 30

405

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pennsylvania Electricity Profile 2010 Pennsylvania profile Pennsylvania Electricity Profile 2010 Pennsylvania profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Pennsylvania) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) RFC Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 45,575 4 Electric Utilities 455 44 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 45,120 2 Net Generation (megawatthours) 229,752,306 2 Electric Utilities 1,086,500 42 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 228,665,806 2 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 387 3 Nitrogen Oxide 136 2 Carbon Dioxide 122,830 3 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 3.7 13 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.3 27 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,179 32 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 148,963,968 5 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 114,787,417 6

406

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Pennsylvania Electricity Profile 2010 Pennsylvania profile Pennsylvania Electricity Profile 2010 Pennsylvania profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Pennsylvania) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) RFC Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 45,575 4 Electric Utilities 455 44 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 45,120 2 Net Generation (megawatthours) 229,752,306 2 Electric Utilities 1,086,500 42 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 228,665,806 2 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 387 3 Nitrogen Oxide 136 2 Carbon Dioxide 122,830 3 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 3.7 13 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.3 27 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,179 32 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 148,963,968 5 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 114,787,417 6

407

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Wyoming Electricity Profile 2010 Wyoming profile Wyoming Electricity Profile 2010 Wyoming profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Wyoming) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) WECC Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 7,986 37 Electric Utilities 6,931 31 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 1,056 41 Net Generation (megawatthours) 48,119,254 31 Electric Utilities 44,738,543 25 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 3,380,711 42 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 67 23 Nitrogen Oxide 61 15 Carbon Dioxide 45,703 21 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 3.1 19 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 2.8 7 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 2,094 2 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 17,113,458 40 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 17,113,458 39

408

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Kentucky Electricity Profile 2010 Kentucky profile Kentucky Electricity Profile 2010 Kentucky profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Kentucky) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) RFC/SERC Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 20,453 21 Electric Utilities 18,945 16 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 1,507 38 Net Generation (megawatthours) 98,217,658 17 Electric Utilities 97,472,144 7 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 745,514 48 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 249 7 Nitrogen Oxide 85 7 Carbon Dioxide 93,160 7 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 5.6 5 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.9 15 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 2,091 3 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 93,569,426 14 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 93,569,426 12

409

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Michigan Electricity Profile 2010 Michigan profile Michigan Electricity Profile 2010 Michigan profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Michigan) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) MRO/RFC Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 29,831 11 Electric Utilities 21,639 10 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 8,192 14 Net Generation (megawatthours) 111,551,371 13 Electric Utilities 89,666,874 13 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 21,884,497 16 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 254 6 Nitrogen Oxide 89 6 Carbon Dioxide 74,480 11 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 5.0 8 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.8 19 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,472 20 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 103,649,219 12 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 94,565,247 11

410

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Alabama Electricity Profile 2010 Alabama profile Alabama Electricity Profile 2010 Alabama profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Alabama) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) SERC Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 32,417 9 Electric Utilities 23,642 7 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 8,775 12 Net Generation (megawatthours) 152,150,512 6 Electric Utilities 122,766,490 2 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 29,384,022 12 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 218 10 Nitrogen Oxide 66 14 Carbon Dioxide 79,375 9 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 3.2 18 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.0 36 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,150 33 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 90,862,645 15 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 90,862,645 13

411

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Michigan Electricity Profile 2010 Michigan profile Michigan Electricity Profile 2010 Michigan profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Michigan) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) MRO/RFC Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 29,831 11 Electric Utilities 21,639 10 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 8,192 14 Net Generation (megawatthours) 111,551,371 13 Electric Utilities 89,666,874 13 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 21,884,497 16 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 254 6 Nitrogen Oxide 89 6 Carbon Dioxide 74,480 11 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 5.0 8 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.8 19 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,472 20 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 103,649,219 12 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 94,565,247 11

412

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Ohio Electricity Profile 2010 Ohio profile Ohio Electricity Profile 2010 Ohio profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Ohio) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) RFC Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 33,071 8 Electric Utilities 20,179 13 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 12,892 7 Net Generation (megawatthours) 143,598,337 7 Electric Utilities 92,198,096 10 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 51,400,241 7 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 610 1 Nitrogen Oxide 122 3 Carbon Dioxide 121,964 4 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 9.4 1 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.9 17 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,872 8 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 154,145,418 4 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 105,329,797 9

413

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Wisconsin Electricity Profile 2010 Wisconsin profile Wisconsin Electricity Profile 2010 Wisconsin profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Wisconsin) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) MRO/RFC Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 17,836 23 Electric Utilities 13,098 19 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 4,738 20 Net Generation (megawatthours) 64,314,067 24 Electric Utilities 45,579,970 22 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 18,734,097 18 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 145 12 Nitrogen Oxide 49 25 Carbon Dioxide 47,238 19 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 5.0 9 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.7 20 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,619 16 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 68,752,417 22 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 68,752,417 21

414

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Florida Electricity Profile 2010 Florida profile Florida Electricity Profile 2010 Florida profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Florida) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) FRCC/SERC Primary Energy Source Gas Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 59,147 3 Electric Utilities 50,853 1 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 8,294 13 Net Generation (megawatthours) 229,095,935 3 Electric Utilities 206,062,185 1 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 23,033,750 15 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 160 11 Nitrogen Oxide 101 5 Carbon Dioxide 123,811 2 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1.5 37 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.0 35 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,191 31 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 231,209,614 3 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 231,209,614 3

415

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Arizona Electricity Profile 2010 Arizona profile Arizona Electricity Profile 2010 Arizona profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Arizona) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) WECC Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 26,392 15 Electric Utilities 20,115 14 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 6,277 16 Net Generation (megawatthours) 111,750,957 12 Electric Utilities 91,232,664 11 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 20,518,293 17 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 33 33 Nitrogen Oxide 57 17 Carbon Dioxide 55,683 15 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 0.7 43 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.1 31 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,099 35 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 72,831,737 21 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 72,831,737 20

416

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Kentucky Electricity Profile 2010 Kentucky profile Kentucky Electricity Profile 2010 Kentucky profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Kentucky) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) RFC/SERC Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 20,453 21 Electric Utilities 18,945 16 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 1,507 38 Net Generation (megawatthours) 98,217,658 17 Electric Utilities 97,472,144 7 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 745,514 48 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 249 7 Nitrogen Oxide 85 7 Carbon Dioxide 93,160 7 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 5.6 5 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.9 15 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 2,091 3 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 93,569,426 14 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 93,569,426 12

417

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Alabama Electricity Profile 2010 Alabama profile Alabama Electricity Profile 2010 Alabama profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Alabama) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) SERC Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 32,417 9 Electric Utilities 23,642 7 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 8,775 12 Net Generation (megawatthours) 152,150,512 6 Electric Utilities 122,766,490 2 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 29,384,022 12 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 218 10 Nitrogen Oxide 66 14 Carbon Dioxide 79,375 9 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 3.2 18 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.0 36 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,150 33 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 90,862,645 15 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 90,862,645 13

418

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Arkansas Electricity Profile 2010 Arkansas profile Arkansas Electricity Profile 2010 Arkansas profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Arkansas) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) SERC/SPP Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 15,981 25 Electric Utilities 11,488 23 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 4,493 24 Net Generation (megawatthours) 61,000,185 25 Electric Utilities 47,108,063 20 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 13,892,122 27 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 74 22 Nitrogen Oxide 40 29 Carbon Dioxide 34,018 28 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 2.7 22 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.5 24 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,229 29 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 48,194,285 29 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 48,194,285 27

419

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Maryland Electricity Profile 2010 Maryland profile Maryland Electricity Profile 2010 Maryland profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Maryland) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) RFC Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 12,516 33 Electric Utilities 80 47 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 12,436 9 Net Generation (megawatthours) 43,607,264 33 Electric Utilities 2,996 48 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 43,604,268 9 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 45 28 Nitrogen Oxide 25 34 Carbon Dioxide 26,369 33 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 2.3 29 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.3 29 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,333 24 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 65,335,498 24 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 36,082,473 31

420

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Hawaii Electricity Profile 2010 Hawaii profile Hawaii Electricity Profile 2010 Hawaii profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Hawaii) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) -- Primary Energy Source Petroleum Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 2,536 47 Electric Utilities 1,828 40 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 708 47 Net Generation (megawatthours) 10,836,036 45 Electric Utilities 6,416,068 38 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 4,419,968 38 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 17 36 Nitrogen Oxide 21 36 Carbon Dioxide 8,287 42 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 3.4 16 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 4.3 2 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,686 13 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 10,016,509 48 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 10,016,509 44

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "virtual temperature profiles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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421

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Mexico Electricity Profile 2010 New Mexico profile Mexico Electricity Profile 2010 New Mexico profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (New Mexico) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) SPP/WECC Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 8,130 36 Electric Utilities 6,345 33 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 1,785 36 Net Generation (megawatthours) 36,251,542 37 Electric Utilities 30,848,406 33 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 5,403,136 37 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 15 38 Nitrogen Oxide 56 19 Carbon Dioxide 29,379 31 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 0.9 42 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 3.4 5 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,787 11 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 22,428,344 39 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 22,428,344 38

422

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Hampshire Electricity Profile 2010 New Hampshire profile Hampshire Electricity Profile 2010 New Hampshire profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (New Hampshire) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) NPCC Primary Energy Source Nuclear Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 4,180 43 Electric Utilities 1,132 41 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 3,048 32 Net Generation (megawatthours) 22,195,912 42 Electric Utilities 3,979,333 41 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 18,216,579 19 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 34 32 Nitrogen Oxide 6 46 Carbon Dioxide 5,551 43 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 3.4 17 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 0.6 46 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 551 47 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 10,890,074 47 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 7,712,938 45

423

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oregon Electricity Profile 2010 Oregon profile Oregon Electricity Profile 2010 Oregon profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Oregon) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) WECC Primary Energy Source Hydroelectric Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 14,261 29 Electric Utilities 10,846 27 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 3,415 28 Net Generation (megawatthours) 55,126,999 27 Electric Utilities 41,142,684 26 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 13,984,316 26 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 16 37 Nitrogen Oxide 15 42 Carbon Dioxide 10,094 40 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 0.6 44 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 0.6 47 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 404 48 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 46,025,945 30 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 44,525,865 29

424

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Maine Electricity Profile 2010 Maine profile Maine Electricity Profile 2010 Maine profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Maine) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) NPCC Primary Energy Source Gas Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 4,430 42 Electric Utilities 19 49 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 4,410 25 Net Generation (megawatthours) 17,018,660 43 Electric Utilities 1,759 49 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 17,016,901 22 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 12 42 Nitrogen Oxide 8 44 Carbon Dioxide 4,948 44 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1.6 36 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.1 33 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 641 44 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 11,531,568 45 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 151,588 51 Energy-Only Provider Sales (megawatthours) 11,379,980 10

425

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Mississippi Electricity Profile 2010 Mississippi profile Mississippi Electricity Profile 2010 Mississippi profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Mississippi) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) SERC Primary Energy Source Gas Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 15,691 26 Electric Utilities 10,858 26 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 4,833 18 Net Generation (megawatthours) 54,487,260 28 Electric Utilities 40,841,436 27 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 13,645,824 28 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 59 26 Nitrogen Oxide 31 32 Carbon Dioxide 26,845 32 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 2.4 26 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.2 30 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,086 36 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 49,687,166 28 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 49,687,166 26

426

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Washington Electricity Profile 2010 Washington profile Washington Electricity Profile 2010 Washington profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Washington) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) WECC Primary Energy Source Hydroelectric Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 30,478 10 Electric Utilities 26,498 5 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 3,979 26 Net Generation (megawatthours) 103,472,729 15 Electric Utilities 88,057,219 14 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 15,415,510 23 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 14 39 Nitrogen Oxide 21 37 Carbon Dioxide 13,984 39 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 0.3 47 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 0.4 50 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 298 49 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 90,379,970 16 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 88,116,958 14

427

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Mexico Electricity Profile 2010 New Mexico profile Mexico Electricity Profile 2010 New Mexico profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (New Mexico) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) SPP/WECC Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 8,130 36 Electric Utilities 6,345 33 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 1,785 36 Net Generation (megawatthours) 36,251,542 37 Electric Utilities 30,848,406 33 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 5,403,136 37 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 15 38 Nitrogen Oxide 56 19 Carbon Dioxide 29,379 31 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 0.9 42 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 3.4 5 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,787 11 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 22,428,344 39 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 22,428,344 38

428

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delaware Electricity Profile 2010 Delaware profile Delaware Electricity Profile 2010 Delaware profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Delaware) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) RFC Primary Energy Source Gas Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 3,389 46 Electric Utilities 55 48 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 3,334 29 Net Generation (megawatthours) 5,627,645 50 Electric Utilities 30,059 46 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 5,597,586 36 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 13 41 Nitrogen Oxide 5 47 Carbon Dioxide 4,187 45 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 5.2 7 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.9 16 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,640 15 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 11,605,932 44 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 7,582,539 46

429

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Ohio Electricity Profile 2010 Ohio profile Ohio Electricity Profile 2010 Ohio profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Ohio) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) RFC Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 33,071 8 Electric Utilities 20,179 13 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 12,892 7 Net Generation (megawatthours) 143,598,337 7 Electric Utilities 92,198,096 10 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 51,400,241 7 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 610 1 Nitrogen Oxide 122 3 Carbon Dioxide 121,964 4 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 9.4 1 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.9 17 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,872 8 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 154,145,418 4 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 105,329,797 9

430

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Arkansas Electricity Profile 2010 Arkansas profile Arkansas Electricity Profile 2010 Arkansas profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Arkansas) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) SERC/SPP Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 15,981 25 Electric Utilities 11,488 23 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 4,493 24 Net Generation (megawatthours) 61,000,185 25 Electric Utilities 47,108,063 20 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 13,892,122 27 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 74 22 Nitrogen Oxide 40 29 Carbon Dioxide 34,018 28 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 2.7 22 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.5 24 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,229 29 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 48,194,285 29 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 48,194,285 27

431

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Oklahoma Electricity Profile 2010 Oklahoma profile Oklahoma Electricity Profile 2010 Oklahoma profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Oklahoma) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) SPP Primary Energy Source Gas Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 21,022 20 Electric Utilities 16,015 18 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 5,006 17 Net Generation (megawatthours) 72,250,733 22 Electric Utilities 57,421,195 17 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 14,829,538 24 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 85 21 Nitrogen Oxide 71 12 Carbon Dioxide 49,536 17 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 2.6 24 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 2.2 11 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,512 17 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 57,845,980 25 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 57,845,980 23

432

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Iowa Electricity Profile 2010 Iowa profile Iowa Electricity Profile 2010 Iowa profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Iowa) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) MRO/SERC Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 14,592 28 Electric Utilities 11,282 24 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 3,310 30 Net Generation (megawatthours) 57,508,721 26 Electric Utilities 46,188,988 21 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 11,319,733 30 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 108 18 Nitrogen Oxide 50 22 Carbon Dioxide 47,211 20 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 4.1 11 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.9 14 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,810 10 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 45,445,269 31 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 45,445,269 28

433

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

West Virginia Electricity Profile 2010 West Virginia profile West Virginia Electricity Profile 2010 West Virginia profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (West Virginia) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) RFC Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 16,495 24 Electric Utilities 11,719 21 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 4,775 19 Net Generation (megawatthours) 80,788,947 20 Electric Utilities 56,719,755 18 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 24,069,192 13 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 105 20 Nitrogen Oxide 49 23 Carbon Dioxide 74,283 12 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 2.9 20 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.3 25 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 2,027 5 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 32,031,803 34 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 32,031,803 33

434

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Vermont Electricity Profile 2010 Vermont profile Vermont Electricity Profile 2010 Vermont profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Vermont) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) NPCC Primary Energy Source Nuclear Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 1,128 50 Electric Utilities 260 45 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 868 43 Net Generation (megawatthours) 6,619,990 49 Electric Utilities 720,853 44 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 5,899,137 35 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide * 51 Nitrogen Oxide 1 50 Carbon Dioxide 8 51 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) * 51 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 0.2 51 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 3 51 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 5,594,833 51 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 5,594,833 48 Direct Use (megawatthours) 19,806 47

435

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Mississippi Electricity Profile 2010 Mississippi profile Mississippi Electricity Profile 2010 Mississippi profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Mississippi) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) SERC Primary Energy Source Gas Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 15,691 26 Electric Utilities 10,858 26 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 4,833 18 Net Generation (megawatthours) 54,487,260 28 Electric Utilities 40,841,436 27 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 13,645,824 28 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 59 26 Nitrogen Oxide 31 32 Carbon Dioxide 26,845 32 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 2.4 26 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.2 30 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,086 36 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 49,687,166 28 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 49,687,166 26

436

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Wisconsin Electricity Profile 2010 Wisconsin profile Wisconsin Electricity Profile 2010 Wisconsin profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Wisconsin) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) MRO/RFC Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 17,836 23 Electric Utilities 13,098 19 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 4,738 20 Net Generation (megawatthours) 64,314,067 24 Electric Utilities 45,579,970 22 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 18,734,097 18 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 145 12 Nitrogen Oxide 49 25 Carbon Dioxide 47,238 19 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 5.0 9 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.7 20 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,619 16 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 68,752,417 22 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 68,752,417 21

437

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Colorado Electricity Profile 2010 Colorado profile Colorado Electricity Profile 2010 Colorado profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Colorado) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) RFC/WECC Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 13,777 30 Electric Utilities 9,114 28 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 4,662 22 Net Generation (megawatthours) 50,720,792 30 Electric Utilities 39,584,166 28 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 11,136,626 31 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 45 29 Nitrogen Oxide 55 20 Carbon Dioxide 40,499 24 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 2.0 32 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 2.4 10 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,760 12 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 52,917,786 27 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 52,917,786 24

438

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Hampshire Electricity Profile 2010 New Hampshire profile Hampshire Electricity Profile 2010 New Hampshire profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (New Hampshire) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) NPCC Primary Energy Source Nuclear Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 4,180 43 Electric Utilities 1,132 41 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 3,048 32 Net Generation (megawatthours) 22,195,912 42 Electric Utilities 3,979,333 41 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 18,216,579 19 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 34 32 Nitrogen Oxide 6 46 Carbon Dioxide 5,551 43 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 3.4 17 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 0.6 46 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 551 47 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 10,890,074 47 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 7,712,938 45

439

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Carolina Electricity Profile 2010 North Carolina profile Carolina Electricity Profile 2010 North Carolina profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (North Carolina) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) SERC Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 27,674 12 Electric Utilities 25,553 6 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 2,121 34 Net Generation (megawatthours) 128,678,483 10 Electric Utilities 121,251,138 3 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 7,427,345 34 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 131 14 Nitrogen Oxide 57 16 Carbon Dioxide 73,241 13 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 2.2 31 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.0 34 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,255 28 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 136,414,947 9 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 136,414,947 5

440

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Nevada Electricity Profile 2010 Nevada profile Nevada Electricity Profile 2010 Nevada profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Nevada) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) WECC Primary Energy Source Gas Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 11,421 34 Electric Utilities 8,713 29 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 2,708 33 Net Generation (megawatthours) 35,146,248 38 Electric Utilities 23,710,917 34 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 11,435,331 29 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 7 44 Nitrogen Oxide 15 40 Carbon Dioxide 17,020 38 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 0.4 46 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.0 37 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,068 37 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 33,772,595 33 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 32,348,879 32

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "virtual temperature profiles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Kansas Electricity Profile 2010 Kansas profile Kansas Electricity Profile 2010 Kansas profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Kansas) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) MRO/SPP Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 12,543 32 Electric Utilities 11,732 20 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 812 45 Net Generation (megawatthours) 47,923,762 32 Electric Utilities 45,270,047 24 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 2,653,716 44 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 41 30 Nitrogen Oxide 46 26 Carbon Dioxide 36,321 26 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1.9 33 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 2.1 13 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,671 14 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 40,420,675 32 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 40,420,675 30

442

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Nebraska Electricity Profile 2010 Nebraska profile Nebraska Electricity Profile 2010 Nebraska profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Nebraska) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) MRO/SPP Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 7,857 38 Electric Utilities 7,647 30 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 210 50 Net Generation (megawatthours) 36,630,006 36 Electric Utilities 36,242,921 30 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 387,085 50 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 65 24 Nitrogen Oxide 40 30 Carbon Dioxide 24,461 34 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 3.9 12 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 2.4 9 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,472 19 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 29,849,460 36 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 29,849,460 35

443

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Missouri Electricity Profile 2010 Missouri profile Missouri Electricity Profile 2010 Missouri profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Missouri) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) SERC/SPP Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 21,739 18 Electric Utilities 20,360 12 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 1,378 39 Net Generation (megawatthours) 92,312,989 18 Electric Utilities 90,176,805 12 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 2,136,184 46 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 233 8 Nitrogen Oxide 56 18 Carbon Dioxide 78,815 10 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 5.6 6 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.3 26 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,882 7 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 86,085,117 17 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 86,085,117 15

444

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Dakota Electricity Profile 2010 North Dakota profile Dakota Electricity Profile 2010 North Dakota profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (North Dakota) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) MRO Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 6,188 40 Electric Utilities 4,912 34 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 1,276 40 Net Generation (megawatthours) 34,739,542 39 Electric Utilities 31,343,796 32 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 3,395,746 41 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 116 17 Nitrogen Oxide 52 21 Carbon Dioxide 31,064 30 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 7.3 3 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 3.3 6 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,971 6 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 12,956,263 42 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 12,956,263 41

445

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Minnesota Electricity Profile 2010 Minnesota profile Minnesota Electricity Profile 2010 Minnesota profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Minnesota) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) MRO Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 14,715 27 Electric Utilities 11,547 22 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 3,168 31 Net Generation (megawatthours) 53,670,227 29 Electric Utilities 45,428,599 23 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 8,241,628 32 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 57 27 Nitrogen Oxide 44 27 Carbon Dioxide 32,946 29 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 2.3 27 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.8 18 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,353 21 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 67,799,706 23 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 67,799,706 22

446

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Louisiana Electricity Profile 2010 Louisiana profile Louisiana Electricity Profile 2010 Louisiana profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Louisiana) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) SERC/SPP Primary Energy Source Gas Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 26,744 14 Electric Utilities 16,471 17 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 10,272 10 Net Generation (megawatthours) 102,884,940 16 Electric Utilities 51,680,682 19 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 51,204,258 8 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 126 15 Nitrogen Oxide 75 11 Carbon Dioxide 58,706 14 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 2.7 21 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.6 21 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,258 27 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 85,079,692 18 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 85,079,692 16

447

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Utah Electricity Profile 2010 Utah profile Utah Electricity Profile 2010 Utah profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Utah) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) WECC Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 7,497 39 Electric Utilities 6,648 32 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 849 44 Net Generation (megawatthours) 42,249,355 35 Electric Utilities 39,522,124 29 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 2,727,231 43 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 25 34 Nitrogen Oxide 68 13 Carbon Dioxide 35,519 27 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1.3 38 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 3.6 4 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,853 9 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 28,044,001 37 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 28,044,001 36

448

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Virginia Electricity Profile 2010 Virginia profile Virginia Electricity Profile 2010 Virginia profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Virginia) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) RFC/SERC Primary Energy Source Nuclear Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 24,109 16 Electric Utilities 19,434 15 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 4,676 21 Net Generation (megawatthours) 72,966,456 21 Electric Utilities 58,902,054 16 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 14,064,402 25 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 120 16 Nitrogen Oxide 49 24 Carbon Dioxide 39,719 25 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 3.6 15 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.5 23 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,200 30 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 113,806,135 10 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 113,806,135 7

449

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Dakota Electricity Profile 2010 North Dakota profile Dakota Electricity Profile 2010 North Dakota profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (North Dakota) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) MRO Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 6,188 40 Electric Utilities 4,912 34 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 1,276 40 Net Generation (megawatthours) 34,739,542 39 Electric Utilities 31,343,796 32 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 3,395,746 41 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 116 17 Nitrogen Oxide 52 21 Carbon Dioxide 31,064 30 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 7.3 3 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 3.3 6 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,971 6 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 12,956,263 42 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 12,956,263 41

450

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Alaska Electricity Profile 2010 Alaska profile Alaska Electricity Profile 2010 Alaska profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Alaska) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) -- Primary Energy Source Gas Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 2,067 48 Electric Utilities 1,889 39 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 178 51 Net Generation (megawatthours) 6,759,576 48 Electric Utilities 6,205,050 40 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 554,526 49 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 3 46 Nitrogen Oxide 16 39 Carbon Dioxide 4,125 46 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1.0 41 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 5.2 1 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,345 23 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 6,247,038 50 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 6,247,038 47

451

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Minnesota Electricity Profile 2010 Minnesota profile Minnesota Electricity Profile 2010 Minnesota profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Minnesota) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) MRO Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 14,715 27 Electric Utilities 11,547 22 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 3,168 31 Net Generation (megawatthours) 53,670,227 29 Electric Utilities 45,428,599 23 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 8,241,628 32 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 57 27 Nitrogen Oxide 44 27 Carbon Dioxide 32,946 29 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 2.3 27 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.8 18 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,353 21 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 67,799,706 23 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 67,799,706 22

452

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Maryland Electricity Profile 2010 Maryland profile Maryland Electricity Profile 2010 Maryland profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Maryland) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) RFC Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 12,516 33 Electric Utilities 80 47 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 12,436 9 Net Generation (megawatthours) 43,607,264 33 Electric Utilities 2,996 48 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 43,604,268 9 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 45 28 Nitrogen Oxide 25 34 Carbon Dioxide 26,369 33 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 2.3 29 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.3 29 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,333 24 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 65,335,498 24 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 36,082,473 31

453

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

York Electricity Profile 2010 New York profile York Electricity Profile 2010 New York profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (New York) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) NPCC Primary Energy Source Gas Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 39,357 6 Electric Utilities 11,032 25 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 28,325 5 Net Generation (megawatthours) 136,961,654 9 Electric Utilities 34,633,335 31 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 102,328,319 5 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 62 25 Nitrogen Oxide 44 28 Carbon Dioxide 41,584 22 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1.0 40 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 0.7 44 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 669 42 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 144,623,573 7 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 79,119,769 18

454

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Carolina Electricity Profile 2010 North Carolina profile Carolina Electricity Profile 2010 North Carolina profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (North Carolina) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) SERC Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 27,674 12 Electric Utilities 25,553 6 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 2,121 34 Net Generation (megawatthours) 128,678,483 10 Electric Utilities 121,251,138 3 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 7,427,345 34 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 131 14 Nitrogen Oxide 57 16 Carbon Dioxide 73,241 13 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 2.2 31 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.0 34 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,255 28 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 136,414,947 9 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 136,414,947 5

455

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Montana Electricity Profile 2010 Montana profile Montana Electricity Profile 2010 Montana profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Montana) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) MRO/WECC Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 5,866 41 Electric Utilities 2,340 38 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 3,526 27 Net Generation (megawatthours) 29,791,181 41 Electric Utilities 6,271,180 39 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 23,520,001 14 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 22 35 Nitrogen Oxide 21 35 Carbon Dioxide 20,370 35 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1.6 35 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.6 22 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,507 18 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 13,423,138 41 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 10,803,422 43

456

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Iowa Electricity Profile 2010 Iowa profile Iowa Electricity Profile 2010 Iowa profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Iowa) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) MRO/SERC Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 14,592 28 Electric Utilities 11,282 24 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 3,310 30 Net Generation (megawatthours) 57,508,721 26 Electric Utilities 46,188,988 21 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 11,319,733 30 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 108 18 Nitrogen Oxide 50 22 Carbon Dioxide 47,211 20 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 4.1 11 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.9 14 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,810 10 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 45,445,269 31 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 45,445,269 28

457

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Illinois Electricity Profile 2010 Illinois profile Illinois Electricity Profile 2010 Illinois profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Illinois) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) MRO/RFC/SERC Primary Energy Source Nuclear Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 44,127 5 Electric Utilities 4,800 35 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 39,327 3 Net Generation (megawatthours) 201,351,872 5 Electric Utilities 12,418,332 35 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 188,933,540 3 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 232 9 Nitrogen Oxide 83 8 Carbon Dioxide 103,128 6 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 2.5 25 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 0.9 38 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,129 34 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 144,760,674 6 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 77,890,532 19

458

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Louisiana Electricity Profile 2010 Louisiana profile Louisiana Electricity Profile 2010 Louisiana profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Louisiana) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) SERC/SPP Primary Energy Source Gas Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 26,744 14 Electric Utilities 16,471 17 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 10,272 10 Net Generation (megawatthours) 102,884,940 16 Electric Utilities 51,680,682 19 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 51,204,258 8 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 126 15 Nitrogen Oxide 75 11 Carbon Dioxide 58,706 14 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 2.7 21 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.6 21 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,258 27 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 85,079,692 18 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 85,079,692 16

459

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

California Electricity Profile 2010 California profile California Electricity Profile 2010 California profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (California) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) SPP/WECC Primary Energy Source Gas Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 67,328 2 Electric Utilities 28,689 2 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 38,639 4 Net Generation (megawatthours) 204,125,596 4 Electric Utilities 96,939,535 8 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 107,186,061 4 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 3 47 Nitrogen Oxide 80 9 Carbon Dioxide 55,406 16 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) * 49 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 0.9 41 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 598 46 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 258,525,414 2 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 240,948,673 2

460

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Dakota Electricity Profile 2010 South Dakota profile Dakota Electricity Profile 2010 South Dakota profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (South Dakota) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) MRO/WECC Primary Energy Source Hydroelectric Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 3,623 45 Electric Utilities 2,994 37 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 629 48 Net Generation (megawatthours) 10,049,636 46 Electric Utilities 8,682,448 36 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 1,367,188 47 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 12 43 Nitrogen Oxide 12 43 Carbon Dioxide 3,611 47 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 2.6 23 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 2.6 8 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 792 41 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 11,356,149 46 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 11,356,149 42

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "virtual temperature profiles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Jersey Electricity Profile 2010 New Jersey profile Jersey Electricity Profile 2010 New Jersey profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (New Jersey) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) RFC Primary Energy Source Nuclear Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 18,424 22 Electric Utilities 460 43 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 17,964 6 Net Generation (megawatthours) 65,682,494 23 Electric Utilities -186,385 50 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 65,868,878 6 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 14 40 Nitrogen Oxide 15 41 Carbon Dioxide 19,160 37 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 0.5 45 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 0.5 48 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 643 43 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 79,179,427 20 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 50,482,035 25

462

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Massachusetts Electricity Profile 2010 Massachusetts profile Massachusetts Electricity Profile 2010 Massachusetts profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Massachusetts) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) NPCC Primary Energy Source Gas Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 13,697 31 Electric Utilities 937 42 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 12,760 8 Net Generation (megawatthours) 42,804,824 34 Electric Utilities 802,906 43 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 42,001,918 10 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 35 31 Nitrogen Oxide 17 38 Carbon Dioxide 20,291 36 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1.8 34 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 0.9 39 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,045 38 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 57,123,422 26 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 31,822,942 34

463

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Nebraska Electricity Profile 2010 Nebraska profile Nebraska Electricity Profile 2010 Nebraska profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Nebraska) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) MRO/SPP Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 7,857 38 Electric Utilities 7,647 30 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 210 50 Net Generation (megawatthours) 36,630,006 36 Electric Utilities 36,242,921 30 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 387,085 50 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 65 24 Nitrogen Oxide 40 30 Carbon Dioxide 24,461 34 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 3.9 12 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 2.4 9 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,472 19 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 29,849,460 36 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 29,849,460 35

464

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Montana Electricity Profile 2010 Montana profile Montana Electricity Profile 2010 Montana profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Montana) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) MRO/WECC Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 5,866 41 Electric Utilities 2,340 38 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 3,526 27 Net Generation (megawatthours) 29,791,181 41 Electric Utilities 6,271,180 39 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 23,520,001 14 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 22 35 Nitrogen Oxide 21 35 Carbon Dioxide 20,370 35 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1.6 35 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.6 22 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,507 18 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 13,423,138 41 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 10,803,422 43

465

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Maine Electricity Profile 2010 Maine profile Maine Electricity Profile 2010 Maine profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Maine) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) NPCC Primary Energy Source Gas Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 4,430 42 Electric Utilities 19 49 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 4,410 25 Net Generation (megawatthours) 17,018,660 43 Electric Utilities 1,759 49 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 17,016,901 22 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 12 42 Nitrogen Oxide 8 44 Carbon Dioxide 4,948 44 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1.6 36 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.1 33 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 641 44 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 11,531,568 45 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 151,588 51 Energy-Only Provider Sales (megawatthours) 11,379,980 10

466

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Texas Electricity Profile 2010 Texas profile Texas Electricity Profile 2010 Texas profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Texas) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) SERC/SPP/TRE/WECC Primary Energy Source Gas Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 108,258 1 Electric Utilities 26,533 4 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 81,724 1 Net Generation (megawatthours) 411,695,046 1 Electric Utilities 95,099,161 9 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 316,595,885 1 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 430 2 Nitrogen Oxide 204 1 Carbon Dioxide 251,409 1 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 2.3 28 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.1 32 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,346 22 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 358,457,550 1 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 358,457,550 1

467

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Florida Electricity Profile 2010 Florida profile Florida Electricity Profile 2010 Florida profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Florida) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) FRCC/SERC Primary Energy Source Gas Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 59,147 3 Electric Utilities 50,853 1 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 8,294 13 Net Generation (megawatthours) 229,095,935 3 Electric Utilities 206,062,185 1 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 23,033,750 15 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 160 11 Nitrogen Oxide 101 5 Carbon Dioxide 123,811 2 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1.5 37 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.0 35 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,191 31 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 231,209,614 3 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 231,209,614 3

468

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Hawaii Electricity Profile 2010 Hawaii profile Hawaii Electricity Profile 2010 Hawaii profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Hawaii) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) -- Primary Energy Source Petroleum Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 2,536 47 Electric Utilities 1,828 40 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 708 47 Net Generation (megawatthours) 10,836,036 45 Electric Utilities 6,416,068 38 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 4,419,968 38 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 17 36 Nitrogen Oxide 21 36 Carbon Dioxide 8,287 42 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 3.4 16 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 4.3 2 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,686 13 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 10,016,509 48 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 10,016,509 44

469

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Connecticut Electricity Profile 2010 Connecticut profile Connecticut Electricity Profile 2010 Connecticut profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Connecticut) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) NPCC Primary Energy Source Nuclear Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 8,284 35 Electric Utilities 160 46 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 8,124 15 Net Generation (megawatthours) 33,349,623 40 Electric Utilities 65,570 45 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 33,284,053 11 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 2 48 Nitrogen Oxide 7 45 Carbon Dioxide 9,201 41 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 0.1 48 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 0.5 49 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 608 45 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 30,391,766 35 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 13,714,958 40

470

Adaptive web usage profiling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Web usage models and profiles capture significant interests and trends from past accesses. They are used to improve user experience, say through recommendation of pages, pre-fetching of pages, etc. While browsing behavior changes dynamically over time, ...

Bhushan Shankar Suryavanshi; Nematollaah Shiri; Sudhir P. Mudur

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Performance profiles style sheet  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

investment throughout most of this period compared with the 1990s. Title: Performance profiles style sheet Author: Greg Filas Created Date: 12/23/2010 7:12:57 PM ...

472

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Connecticut Electricity Profile 2010 Connecticut profile Connecticut Electricity Profile 2010 Connecticut profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Connecticut) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) NPCC Primary Energy Source Nuclear Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 8,284 35 Electric Utilities 160 46 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 8,124 15 Net Generation (megawatthours) 33,349,623 40 Electric Utilities 65,570 45 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 33,284,053 11 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 2 48 Nitrogen Oxide 7 45 Carbon Dioxide 9,201 41 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 0.1 48 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 0.5 49 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 608 45 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 30,391,766 35 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 13,714,958 40

473

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Utah Electricity Profile 2010 Utah profile Utah Electricity Profile 2010 Utah profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Utah) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) WECC Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 7,497 39 Electric Utilities 6,648 32 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 849 44 Net Generation (megawatthours) 42,249,355 35 Electric Utilities 39,522,124 29 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 2,727,231 43 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 25 34 Nitrogen Oxide 68 13 Carbon Dioxide 35,519 27 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1.3 38 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 3.6 4 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,853 9 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 28,044,001 37 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 28,044,001 36

474

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Carolina Electricity Profile 2010 South Carolina profile Carolina Electricity Profile 2010 South Carolina profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (South Carolina) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) SERC Primary Energy Source Nuclear Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 23,982 17 Electric Utilities 22,172 9 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 1,810 35 Net Generation (megawatthours) 104,153,133 14 Electric Utilities 100,610,887 6 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 3,542,246 39 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 106 19 Nitrogen Oxide 30 33 Carbon Dioxide 41,364 23 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 2.2 30 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 0.6 45 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 876 40 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 82,479,293 19 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 82,479,293 17

475

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Alaska Electricity Profile 2010 Alaska profile Alaska Electricity Profile 2010 Alaska profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Alaska) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) -- Primary Energy Source Gas Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 2,067 48 Electric Utilities 1,889 39 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 178 51 Net Generation (megawatthours) 6,759,576 48 Electric Utilities 6,205,050 40 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 554,526 49 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 3 46 Nitrogen Oxide 16 39 Carbon Dioxide 4,125 46 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1.0 41 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 5.2 1 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,345 23 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 6,247,038 50 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 6,247,038 47

476

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Nevada Electricity Profile 2010 Nevada profile Nevada Electricity Profile 2010 Nevada profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Nevada) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) WECC Primary Energy Source Gas Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 11,421 34 Electric Utilities 8,713 29 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 2,708 33 Net Generation (megawatthours) 35,146,248 38 Electric Utilities 23,710,917 34 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 11,435,331 29 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 7 44 Nitrogen Oxide 15 40 Carbon Dioxide 17,020 38 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 0.4 46 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.0 37 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,068 37 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 33,772,595 33 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 32,348,879 32

477

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Washington Electricity Profile 2010 Washington profile Washington Electricity Profile 2010 Washington profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Washington) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) WECC Primary Energy Source Hydroelectric Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 30,478 10 Electric Utilities 26,498 5 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 3,979 26 Net Generation (megawatthours) 103,472,729 15 Electric Utilities 88,057,219 14 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 15,415,510 23 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 14 39 Nitrogen Oxide 21 37 Carbon Dioxide 13,984 39 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 0.3 47 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 0.4 50 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 298 49 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 90,379,970 16 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 88,116,958 14

478

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Oregon Electricity Profile 2010 Oregon profile Oregon Electricity Profile 2010 Oregon profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Oregon) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) WECC Primary Energy Source Hydroelectric Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 14,261 29 Electric Utilities 10,846 27 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 3,415 28 Net Generation (megawatthours) 55,126,999 27 Electric Utilities 41,142,684 26 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 13,984,316 26 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 16 37 Nitrogen Oxide 15 42 Carbon Dioxide 10,094 40 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 0.6 44 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 0.6 47 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 404 48 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 46,025,945 30 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 44,525,865 29

479

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Texas Electricity Profile 2010 Texas profile Texas Electricity Profile 2010 Texas profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Texas) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) SERC/SPP/TRE/WECC Primary Energy Source Gas Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 108,258 1 Electric Utilities 26,533 4 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 81,724 1 Net Generation (megawatthours) 411,695,046 1 Electric Utilities 95,099,161 9 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 316,595,885 1 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 430 2 Nitrogen Oxide 204 1 Carbon Dioxide 251,409 1 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 2.3 28 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 1.1 32 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,346 22 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 358,457,550 1 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 358,457,550 1

480

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Indiana Electricity Profile 2010 Indiana profile Indiana Electricity Profile 2010 Indiana profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Indiana) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) RFC Primary Energy Source Coal Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 27,638 13 Electric Utilities 23,008 8 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 4,630 23 Net Generation (megawatthours) 125,180,739 11 Electric Utilities 107,852,560 5 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 17,328,179 20 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 385 4 Nitrogen Oxide 120 4 Carbon Dioxide 116,283 5 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 6.8 4 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 2.1 12 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 2,048 4 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 105,994,376 11 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 105,994,376 8

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "virtual temperature profiles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oklahoma Electricity Profile 2010 Oklahoma profile Oklahoma Electricity Profile 2010 Oklahoma profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Oklahoma) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) SPP Primary Energy Source Gas Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 21,022 20 Electric Utilities 16,015 18 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 5,006 17 Net Generation (megawatthours) 72,250,733 22 Electric Utilities 57,421,195 17 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 14,829,538 24 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 85 21 Nitrogen Oxide 71 12 Carbon Dioxide 49,536 17 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 2.6 24 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 2.2 11 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1,512 17 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 57,845,980 25 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 57,845,980 23

482

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Jersey Electricity Profile 2010 New Jersey profile Jersey Electricity Profile 2010 New Jersey profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (New Jersey) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) RFC Primary Energy Source Nuclear Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 18,424 22 Electric Utilities 460 43 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 17,964 6 Net Generation (megawatthours) 65,682,494 23 Electric Utilities -186,385 50 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 65,868,878 6 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 14 40 Nitrogen Oxide 15 41 Carbon Dioxide 19,160 37 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 0.5 45 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 0.5 48 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 643 43 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 79,179,427 20 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 50,482,035 25

483

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Idaho Electricity Profile 2010 Idaho profile Idaho Electricity Profile 2010 Idaho profile Table 1. 2010 Summary Statistics (Idaho) Item Value U.S. Rank NERC Region(s) WECC Primary Energy Source Hydroelectric Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) 3,990 44 Electric Utilities 3,035 36 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 955 42 Net Generation (megawatthours) 12,024,564 44 Electric Utilities 8,589,208 37 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 3,435,356 40 Emissions (thousand metric tons) Sulfur Dioxide 7 45 Nitrogen Oxide 4 48 Carbon Dioxide 1,213 49 Sulfur Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 1.2 39 Nitrogen Oxide (lbs/MWh) 0.8 43 Carbon Dioxide (lbs/MWh) 222 50 Total Retail Sales (megawatthours) 22,797,668 38 Full Service Provider Sales (megawatthours) 22,797,668 37

484

Fermilab | Women's History Month - Profiles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Profiles The profiles on this page present a cross section of women from the Fermilab community. Fermilab hopes that profiles of these women will inspire young women everywhere to...

485

Applied Environmental Microbiology | VIMSS - Virtual Institute for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Collection of Soil Samples Collection of Soil Samples Identification of Natural Stressors Profiling of Microbial Population Field and Simulated Conceptual Model Facilities The Applied Environmental Microbiology (AEM) Core is the source of environmental data and samples that determine the stressors that will be studied, pro-vides the environments for growing the organisms to be tested, simulates stressed environments, and verifies the conceptual models to determine how these stress regulatory pathways control the biogeochemistry of contaminated sites. The specific goals of the AEM Core are to: Survey and map DOE sites contaminated by metals and radionuclides using chemical and molecular/ microbiological parameters to determine major microbial populations and potential stressors for Desulfovibrio vulgaris,

486

2001 Exhibition: Event Profile - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

2001 Exhibition: Event Profile ... Event Profile ... in transportation and other growing markets require the material to be designed for load bearing applications.

487

Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems Construction Cost Reductions through the Use of Virtual Environments - Task 5 Report: Generation IV Reactor Virtual Mockup Proof-of-Principle Study  

SciTech Connect

Task 5 report is part of a 3 year DOE NERI-sponsored effort evaluating immersive virtual reality (CAVE) technology for design review, construction planning, and maintenance planning and training for next generation nuclear power plants. Program covers development of full-scale virtual mockups generated from 3D CAD data presented in a CAVE visualization facility. Created a virtual mockup of PBMR reactor cavity and discussed applications of virtual mockup technology to improve Gen IV design review, construction planning, and maintenance planning.

Timothy Shaw; Anthony Baratta; Vaughn Whisker

2005-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

488

Wire Scanner Beam Profile Measurements: LANSCE Facility Beam Development  

SciTech Connect

The Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) is replacing Wire Scanner (WS) beam profile measurement systems. Three beam development tests have taken place to test the new wire scanners under beam conditions. These beam development tests have integrated the WS actuator, cable plant, electronics processors and associated software and have used H{sup -} beams of different beam energy and current conditions. In addition, the WS measurement-system beam tests verified actuator control systems for minimum profile bin repeatability and speed, checked for actuator backlash and positional stability, tested the replacement of simple broadband potentiometers with narrow band resolvers, and tested resolver use with National Instruments Compact Reconfigurable Input and Output (cRIO) Virtual Instrumentation. These beam tests also have verified how trans-impedance amplifiers react with various types of beam line background noise and how noise currents were not generated. This paper will describe these beam development tests and show some resulting data.

Gilpatrick, John D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Batygin, Yuri K. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gonzales, Fermin [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gruchalla, Michael E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kutac, Vincent G. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Martinez, Derwin [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sedillo, James Daniel [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Pillai, Chandra [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rodriguez Esparza, Sergio [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Smith, Brian G. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

489

Dealing with cultural differences in a 3D virtual classroom: a case study of collaboratively constructing a virtual Tower of Babel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The collaboration project described in this paper involved students across three cooperating institutions, on three different continents in different time zones, building a virtual Tower of Babel in a 3D Collaborative Virtual Environment (3D CVE). Much ... Keywords: 3D collaborative virtual environments, collaborative learning, multi-cultural classroom

Ekaterina Prasolova-Førland; Theodor G. Wyeld; Teng-Wen Chang

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Performance profiles style sheet  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Performance Profiles of Major Energy Producers 2009 Performance Profiles of Major Energy Producers 2009 vii Major Findings This edition of Performance Profiles reviews financial and operating data for the calendar year 2009 and discusses important trends and emerging issues relevant to U.S. energy company operations. Major U.S.-based oil and natural gas producers and petroleum refiners submit the data in this report annually on Form EIA-28, the Financial Reporting System (FRS). FRS companies' net income declined to the lowest level since 2002.  Net income fell 66 percent (in constant 2009 dollars) to $30 billion in 2009 from $88 billion in 2008. Substantial reductions in oil and natural gas prices in 2009 slowed revenue growth. FRS companies cut operating costs but by less than the decline in revenue, resulting in a 69-percent drop in operating income.

491

State Nuclear Profiles 2010  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

State Nuclear Profiles 2010 State Nuclear Profiles 2010 April 2012 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views in this report therefore should not be construed as representing those of the Department of Energy or other Federal agencies. U.S. Energy Information Administration | State Nuclear Profiles 2010 i Contacts This report was prepared by the staff of the Renewables and Uranium Statistics Team, Office of Electricity,

492

Energy management for hypervisor-based virtual machines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current approaches to power management are based on operating systems with full knowledge of and full control over the underlying hardware; the distributed nature of multi-layered virtual machine environments renders such approaches insufficient. In this paper, we present a novel framework for energy management in modular, multi-layered operating system structures. The framework provides a unified model to partition and distribute energy, and mechanisms for energy-aware resource accounting and allocation. As a key property, the framework explicitly takes the recursive energy consumption into account, which is spent, e.g., in the virtualization layer or subsequent driver components. Our prototypical implementation targets hypervisor-based virtual machine systems and comprises two components: a host-level subsystem, which controls machine-wide energy constraints and enforces them among all guest OSes and service components, and, complementary, an energy-aware guest operating system, capable of fine-grained applicationspecific energy management. Guest level energy management thereby relies on effective virtualization of physical energy effects provided by the virtual machine monitor. Experiments with CPU and disk devices and an external data acquisition system demonstrate that our framework accurately controls and stipulates the power consumption of individual hardware devices, both for energy-aware and energyunaware guest operating systems. 1

Jan Stoess; Christian Lang; Frank Bellosa

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

EIA - State Nuclear Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Mississippi Nuclear Profile 2010 Mississippi profile Mississippi Nuclear Profile 2010 Mississippi profile Mississippi total electric power industry, summer capacity and net generation, by energy source, 2010 Primary energy source Summer capacity (mw) Share of State total (percent) Net generation (thousand mwh) Share of State total (percent) Nuclear 1,251 8.0 9,643 17.7 Coal 2,526 16.1 13,629 25.0 Natural Gas 11,640 74.2 29,619 54.4 Other 1 4 * 10 * Other Renewable1 235 1.5 1,504 2.8 Petroleum 35 0.2 18 0.1 Total 15,691 100.0 54,487 100.0 1Municipal Solid Waste net generation is allocated according to the biogenic and non-biogenic components of the fuel; however, all Municipal Solid Waste summer capacity is classified as Renewable. * = Absolute percentage less than 0.05. Notes: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

494

EIA - State Nuclear Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Arkansas Nuclear Profile 2010 Arkansas profile Arkansas Nuclear Profile 2010 Arkansas profile Arkansas total electric power industry, summer capacity and net generation, by energy source, 2010 Primary energy source Summer capacity (mw) Share of State total (percent) Net generation (thousand mwh) Share of State ttal (percent) Nuclear 1,835 11.5 15,023 24.6 Coal 4,535 28.4 28,152 46.2 Hydro and Pumped Storage 1,369 8.6 3,658 6.0 Natural Gas 7,894 49.4 12,469 20.4 Other 1 - - 28 * Other Renewable1 326 2.0 1,624 2.7 Petroleum 22 0.1 45 0.1 Total 15,981 100.0 61,000 100.0 1Municipal Solid Waste net generation is allocated according to the biogenic and non-biogenic components of the fuel; however, all Municipal Solid Waste summer capacity is classified as Renewable * = Absolute percentage less than 0.05.

495

EIA - State Nuclear Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Kansas Nuclear Profile 2010 Kansas profile Kansas Nuclear Profile 2010 Kansas profile Kansas total electric power industry, summer capacity and net generation, by energy source, 2010 Primary energy source Summer capacity (mw) Share of State total (percent) Net generation (thousand mwh) Share of State total (percent) Nuclear 1,160 9.2 9,556 19.9 Coal 5,179 41.3 32,505 67.8 Hydro and Pumped Storage 3 * 13 * Natural Gas 4,573 36.5 2,287 4.8 Other Renewable1 1,079 8.6 3,459 7.2 Petroleum 550 4.4 103 0.2 Total 12,543 100.0 47,924 100 1Municipal Solid Waste net generation is allocated according to the biogenic and non-biogenic components of the fuel; however, all Municipal Solid Waste summer capacity is classified as Renewable. * = Absolute percentage less than 0.05. Notes: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

496

EIA - State Nuclear Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pennsylvania Nuclear Profile 2010 Pennsylvania profile Pennsylvania Nuclear Profile 2010 Pennsylvania profile Pennsylvania total electric power industry, summer capacity and net generation, by energy source, 2010 Primary energy source Summer capacity (mw) Share of State total (percent) Net generation (thousand mwh) Share of State total (percent) Nuclear 9,540 20.9 77,828 33.9 Coal 18,481 40.6 110,369 48.0 Hydro and Pumped Storage 2,268 5.0 1,624 0.7 Natural Gas 9,415 20.7 33,718 14.7 Other 1 100 0.2 1,396 0.6 Other Renewable1 1,237 2.7 4,245 1.8 Petroleum 4,534 9.9 571 0.2 Total 45,575 100.0 229,752 100.0 1Municipal Solid Waste net generation is allocated according to the biogenic and non-biogenic components of the fuel; however, all Municipal Solid Waste summer capacity is classified as Renewable.

497

EIA - State Nuclear Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Ohio Nuclear Profile 2010 Ohio profile Ohio Nuclear Profile 2010 Ohio profile Ohio total electric power industry, summer capacity and net generation, by energy source, 2010 Primary energy source Summer capacity (mw) Share of State total (percent) Net generation (thousand mwh) Share of State total (percent) Nuclear 2,134 6.5 15,805 11.0 Coal 21,360 64.6 117,828 82.1 Hydro and Pumped Storage 101 0.3 429 0.3 Natural Gas 8,203 24.8 7,128 5.0 Other 1 123 0.4 266 0.2 Other Renewable1 130 0.4 700 0.5 Petroleum 1,019 3.1 1,442 1.0 Total 33,071 100.0 143,598 100.0 1Municipal Solid Waste net generation is allocated according to the biogenic and non-biogenic components of the fuel; however, all Municipal Solid Waste summer capacity is classified as Renewable. Notes: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

498

EIA - State Nuclear Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Arizona Nuclear Profile 2010 Arizona profile Arizona Nuclear Profile 2010 Arizona profile Arizona total electric power industry, summer capacity and net generation, by energy source, 2010 Primary energy source Summer capacity (mw) Share of State total (percent) Net generation (thousand mwh) Share of State total (percent) Nuclear 1,937 14.9 31,200 27.9 Coal 6,233 23.6 43,644 39.1 Hydro and Pumped Storage 2,937 11.1 6,831 6.1 Natural Gas 13,012 49.3 29,676 26.6 Other 1 - - 15 * Other Renewable1 181 0.7 319 0.3 Petroleum 93 0.4 66 0.1 Total 26,392 100.0 111,751 100.0 1Municipal Solid Waste net generation is allocated according to the biogenic and non-biogenic components of the fuel; however, all Municipal Solid Waste summer capacity is classified as Renewable. * = Absolute percentage less than 0.05.

499

EIA - State Nuclear Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Kansas Nuclear Profile 2010 Kansas profile Kansas Nuclear Profile 2010 Kansas profile Kansas total electric power industry, summer capacity and net generation, by energy source, 2010 Primary energy source Summer capacity (mw) Share of State total (percent) Net generation (thousand mwh) Share of State total (percent) Nuclear 1,160 9.2 9,556 19.9 Coal 5,179 41.3 32,505 67.8 Hydro and Pumped Storage 3 * 13 * Natural Gas 4,573 36.5 2,287 4.8 Other Renewable1 1,079 8.6 3,459 7.2 Petroleum 550 4.4 103 0.2 Total 12,543 100.0 47,924 100 1Municipal Solid Waste net generation is allocated according to the biogenic and non-biogenic components of the fuel; however, all Municipal Solid Waste summer capacity is classified as Renewable. * = Absolute percentage less than 0.05. Notes: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

500

EIA - State Nuclear Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Florida Nuclear Profile 2010 Florida profile Florida Nuclear Profile 2010 Florida profile Florida total electric power industry, summer capacity and net generation, by energy source, 2010 Primary Energy Source Summer capacity (mw) Share of State total (percent) Net generation (thousand mwh) Share of State total (percent) Nuclear 3,924 6.6 23,936 10.4 Coal 9,975 16.9 59,897 26.1 Hydro and Pumped Storage 55 0.1 177 0.1 Natural Gas 31,563 53.4 128,634 56.1 Other1 544 0.9 2,842 1.2 Other Renewable1 1,053 1.8 4,487 2.0 Petroleum 12,033 20.3 9,122 4.0 Total 59,147 100.0 229,096 100.0 1Municipal Solid Waste net generation is allocated according to the biogenic and non-biogenic components of the fuel; however, all Municipal Solid Waste summer capacity is classified as Renewable.