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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vieux desert band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

MI-TRIBE-LAC VIEUX DESERT BAND OF LAKE SUPERIOR CHIPPEWA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MI-TRIBE-LAC VIEUX DESERT BAND OF LAKE SUPERIOR CHIPPEWA MI-TRIBE-LAC VIEUX DESERT BAND OF LAKE SUPERIOR CHIPPEWA INDIANS Location: Tribe MI-TRIBE-LAC VIEUX DESERT BAND OF LAKE SUPERIOR CHIPPEWA INDIANS MI American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Proposed Action or Project Description The Lac Vieux Desert Tribe proposes to use funding to help with a current effort that is a collaboration of the Tribe with the Conservation Fund of Michigan, an effort that is funded by the W.K. Kellogg Foundation. The project will be conducting a feasibility study to determine the viability of using wood products from resources found on tribal lands. The study is dedicating a part of the effort to see the feasibility of providing a renewable energy source to the Tribe in the form of wood products and biomass fuels. NEPA

2

Banded Iron Formations from the Eastern Desert of Egypt: A new type of Ore? KHALIL, Khalil Isaac1 and EL-SHAZLY, Aley K.2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Banded Iron Formations from the Eastern Desert of Egypt: A new type of Ore? KHALIL, Khalil Isaac1 and EL-SHAZLY, Aley K.2 1 Department of Geology, University of Alexandria, Egypt 2 Geology Department localities in an area approximately 30,000 km2 within the eastern desert of Egypt. With the exception

El-Shazly, Aley

3

Geochemistry of the Banded Iron Formations and their Host Rocks in the Eastern Desert of Egypt BACKUS, Ethan L.1, GAGNON, Kelli E.1, EL-SHAZLY, Aley K.1, and KHALIL, Khalil Isaac2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Geochemistry of the Banded Iron Formations and their Host Rocks in the Eastern Desert of Egypt University, Egypt Sponsored by NSF-OISE-1004021 Session 92:T3. Sigma Gamma Epsilon Undergraduate Research over 30,000 km2 in the central Eastern Desert of Egypt. The deposits most resemble Algoma-type iron

El-Shazly, Aley

4

Desert Peak EGS Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Desert Peak EGS Project presentation at the April 2013 peer review meeting held in Denver, Colorado.

5

Origin of Libyan Desert Silica-Glass  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... of germanium, using a modified method of Schneider and Sandell4, in Libyan Desert silica-glass, Libyan Desert sandstone, a Libyan Desert quartzite, two Libyan Desert sands, Aouelloul crater ... Desert sandstone, a Libyan Desert quartzite, two Libyan Desert sands, Aouelloul crater 'impactite' glass, two obsidians, the average for tektites from eleven different localities, including all known ...

ALVIN J. COHEN

1959-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

6

Desert Peak EGS Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Geothermal Technologies Program 2010 Peer Review Desert Peak EGS Project, for the Engineered Geothermal Systems Demonstration Projects and Innovative Exploration Technologies. Objective to stimulate permeability in tight well 27-15 and improve connection to rest of the field; improve overall productivity or injectivity. Successful stimulation yields more production and enables more power generation.

7

On expressive punishment and holisitic desert  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are cleared up and made consistent through employing a holistic notion of punitive desert. Holism is the view that accurate desert judgments must reference an actually obtaining just distribution of punishment. In my view, the expressive function is feasible...

Greenblum, Jake

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

8

PALM DESERT ENERGY INDEPENDENCE PROGRAM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PALM DESERT ENERGY INDEPENDENCE PROGRAM SUMMARY OF LOAN PROCESS Proiect Scopina The first step in the loan process is project scoping. Property owners can work directly with contractors to determine effective means for EIP participation. A no-cost solar site check is also available to help a property owner

Kammen, Daniel M.

9

Origins and ecological consequences of pollen specialization among desert bees  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...pollen specialization among desert bees R.L. Minckley...257 South 1400 East, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112-0840...characteristic of the Sonoran desert scrub since at least the Quaternary...are that the ranges of desert vegetation, including...

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

California Desert Fish Farm Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Desert Fish Farm Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name California Desert Fish Farm Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

11

Why sequence desert locust (Schistocerca gregaria)?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

desert locust (Schistocerca gregaria)? desert locust (Schistocerca gregaria)? Desert locusts are a species of short-horned grasshopper that can form highly mobile swarms and spread over as much as 20 percent of the world's land mass. Comprised of more than 30 million locusts per square mile, locust swarms can travel up to 80 miles a day and impact the livelihoods of up to 10 percent of the world's population in 60 countries by eating same amount of food in a day as several thousand people. desert locust Photo: istockphoto Researchers are interested in sequencing the locust's gut wall as well as the microbial community inside the desert locust's gut to better understand how the insect can break down plant mass. The work will determine whether or not the ability to break down lignocellulose is

12

CX-002225: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

25: Categorical Exclusion Determination 25: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-002225: Categorical Exclusion Determination Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians Wood Products Study CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 05/11/2010 Location(s): Michigan Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program. The Lac Vieux Desert Tribe proposes to use funding to help with a current effort that is a collaboration of the Tribe with the Conservation Fund of Michigan, an effort that is funded by the W.K. Kellogg Foundation. The project will be conducting a feasibility study to determine the viability of using wood products from resources found on tribal lands. The study is dedicating a part of the effort to see the feasibility of providing a renewable energy

13

Thyroid function in the desert tortoise, Gopherus agassizii  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To characterize seasonal changes in thyroid function in a terrestrial reptile, thyroid hormones were measured over a period of two years in desert tortoises, Gopherus agassizii, maintained at the Desert Tortoise Conservation Center in Las Vegas, NV...

Kohel, Kathryn Anne

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Desert Wind Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Desert Wind Power Desert Wind Power Facility Desert Wind Power Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status Proposed Developer Iberdrola Renewables Location Pasquotank and Perquimans Counties NC Coordinates 36.435688°, -76.232786° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":36.435688,"lon":-76.232786,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

15

Desert Queen Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Desert Queen Geothermal Area Desert Queen Geothermal Area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Desert Queen Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (4) 9 Exploration Activities (1) 10 References Area Overview Geothermal Area Profile Location: Nevada Exploration Region: Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region GEA Development Phase: 2008 USGS Resource Estimate Mean Reservoir Temp: Estimated Reservoir Volume: Mean Capacity: Click "Edit With Form" above to add content History and Infrastructure Operating Power Plants: 0 No geothermal plants listed. Add a new Operating Power Plant

16

Desert Peak Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Desert Peak Geothermal Area Desert Peak Geothermal Area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Desert Peak Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (3) 9 Exploration Activities (8) 10 References Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":6,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"300px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.75,"lon":-118.95,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

17

Bird Banding  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bird Banding Bird Banding Name: Matthew Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: I am researching why the US fish and wildlife agency bands ducks and what information is used to set hunting daily and possession limits. Replies: Matt, The USFW service has been doing this for decades to have statistical data on the population fluctuations of all birds. This information serves to warn when over hunting has taken a toll on a species or if a species is declining due to habitat loss or whatever. This information also indicates need for increased habitat areas as well as possible hunting restrictions. This organization has a formula for setting hunting limits based upon the data received from banding. It is important that all hunters return these bands for they are the ones who will suffer if the information is not there. Females of any species are the most important for reproduction and often they are protected over the males. This should explain the differences in what can be bagged.

18

City of Palm Desert - Energy Independence Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Palm Desert - Energy Independence Program Palm Desert - Energy Independence Program City of Palm Desert - Energy Independence Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Home Weatherization Sealing Your Home Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating Water Heating Program Info State California Program Type PACE Financing Provider Palm Desert '''''Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a statement in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs. In response to the FHFA statement, most local PACE programs have been suspended until further clarification is provided. After temporarily suspending their program, Palm Desert reinstated it in August 2010, but

19

Desert Sky Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Desert Sky Wind Farm Desert Sky Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Desert Sky Wind Farm Facility Desert Sky Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner American Electric Power Developer GE Energy Energy Purchaser City of San Antonio Texas (Utility Company) Location Pecos County TX Coordinates 30.926626°, -102.100067° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":30.926626,"lon":-102.100067,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

20

Desert Peak Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Desert Peak Geothermal Area Desert Peak Geothermal Area (Redirected from Desert Peak Area) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Desert Peak Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (3) 9 Exploration Activities (8) 10 References Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":6,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"300px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.75,"lon":-118.95,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vieux desert band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Desert Queen Geothermal Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Desert Queen Geothermal Project Desert Queen Geothermal Project Project Location Information Coordinates 39.877777777778°, -118.34722222222° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.877777777778,"lon":-118.34722222222,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

22

Health care: Desert Samaritan Medical Center  

SciTech Connect

Desert Samaritan Hospital, located in Mesa, Arizona, has endeavored to save money in various ways, and some of its projects have led to substantial savings. One consideration has been light bulb replacement costs. The hospital`s lighting budget has a major financial impact, and $1,000/yr can be saved by replacing light bulbs less frequently. This article describes a number of the lighting retrofit programs undetaken by the hospital, the equipment used, power savings, and cost recovery periods.

Gerst, J.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Ecological controls on water-cycle response to climate variability in deserts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...recorded south of the Amargosa Desert (11). Information from paleolake shorelines within the Salt Basin in the Chihuahuan Desert, TX, reflects highstands ranging...pinon-juniper woodlands to xeric desert scrub containing creosote bushes...

B. R. Scanlon; D. G. Levitt; R. C. Reedy; K. E. Keese; M. J. Sully

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

EIS-0448: First Solar Desert Sunlight Project in Riverside County...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

County, CA June 24, 2011 EIS-0448: Final Environmental Impact Statement Desert Sunlight Solar Farm Project, California June 24, 2011 EIS-0448: Notice of Adoption of an...

25

Mercury Vapor At Desert Peak Area (Varekamp & Buseck, 1983) ...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Mercury Vapor At Desert Peak Area (Varekamp & Buseck, 1983) Exploration Activity Details...

26

Every Square Inch: The Fight for the California Desert  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

renewable energy in the desert and work through the mitigationenergy related issues including fast tracking certain renewable projects, creating a mitigation

Argandona, Monica

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Groundwater investigation and modeling - western desert of Iraq.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The region of interest is part from Iraqi western desert covering an area about 100,000 km. Several of the large wadis such as Hauran, Amij, (more)

Al-Muqdadi, Sameh Wisam

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Gas Flux Sampling At Desert Peak Area (Lechler And Coolbaugh...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2007) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Gas Flux Sampling At Desert Peak Area (Lechler And Coolbaugh, 2007) Exploration Activity...

29

Flow Test At San Emidio Desert Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy Informatio...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Flow Test At San Emidio Desert Area (DOE GTP) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Flow Test At San Emidio Desert Area (DOE GTP)...

30

E-Print Network 3.0 - agassizii desert tortoise Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wildlife Conservation Commission. Berry, K. H. (1986). Desert tortoise (Gopherus... turtle populations: applicability to management of the desert tortoise. Herpetologica 42:...

31

ORIGINAL PAPER Neoproterozoic diamictite in the Eastern Desert of Egypt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ORIGINAL PAPER Neoproterozoic diamictite in the Eastern Desert of Egypt and Northern Saudi Arabia in Wadi Kareim and Wadi Mobarak in the Eastern Desert of Egypt and the Nuwaybah formation in NW Saudi and extends from Egypt, Israel, and Jordan to Ethiopia and Yemen. The ANS (Fig. 1a) developed during

Stern, Robert J.

32

Assessing Desert Tortoise Survival and Reproduction at a Wind Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assessing Desert Tortoise Survival and Reproduction at a Wind Energy Facility Near Palm Springs of their habitat are characterized by significant wind and solar energy potential. As a result, the species in the Mojave and Sonoran Deserts have preexisting wind energy facilities dating back over 25 years. One

33

Origin And Characterization Of Geothermal Waters At Desert Queen, Nevada |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Origin And Characterization Of Geothermal Waters At Desert Queen, Nevada Origin And Characterization Of Geothermal Waters At Desert Queen, Nevada Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Origin And Characterization Of Geothermal Waters At Desert Queen, Nevada Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: The Desert Queen geothermal system, which is in close proximity to two locations where geothermal energy is currently being harnessed, may host an additional reservoir. A _18O vs _D plot indicates that Desert Queen waters likely originate from the Humboldt River, and reflects Humboldt River water that is clearly evaporated. Temperatures of the reservoir at depth are estimated to be between 92-141°C and were calculated using the _18O(SO4-H2O) geothermometer. It is unclear whether these temperatures

34

Eco-Friendly Complex Blends into Desert | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Eco-Friendly Complex Blends into Desert Eco-Friendly Complex Blends into Desert Eco-Friendly Complex Blends into Desert October 7, 2010 - 11:58am Addthis Paul Lester Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy What does this project do? Rooftop solar panels provide 27 percent of the facility's energy. Maricopa County officials estimate the complex is 42 percent more energy efficient than many modern day buildings. Next month, hikers marveling at the sun bathed canyons and ridges of White Tank Mountain in the Sonoran Desert will see something on the horizon - if they look hard. Built to blend into the desert landscape, the new 29,000 square-foot White Tank Library and Nature Center in Surprise, Ariz., is set to open on Nov. 13. Rooftop solar panels provide 27 percent of the facility's energy.

35

Sorption of inositol hexaphosphate on desert soils  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Sorption of inositol hexaphosphate (IP6) on desert soils was studied to evaluate their use as a novel low-cost sorbent material for organic P removal in water treatment. The kinetics of IP6 sorption, pH effects, and sorption isotherms were examined in batch experiments on four desert salinesodic soils: Antofagasta (AN), Mejillones (ME), Aguas Blancas I (ABI), and Aguas Blancas II (ABII). The sorption kinetics of inositol hexaphosphate expressed as P (P-IP6) on these soils were described by the Elovich equation and the initial sorption velocities ranked in the order: ABII>ABI>ME>AN. In addition, P-IP6 sorption capacity in AN, ME, and ABI was strongly influenced by the solution pH, but in ABII it was not pH-dependent. Whereas the experimental data of P-IP6 sorption on ME, ABI, and ABII were better fitted by the Langmuir equation (implying a homogenous distribution of active sorption sites), for AN the best fit was obtained with the Freundlich model (implying heterogeneous, multi-layered sorption surfaces). The maximum P-IP6 sorption capacities ranked: ABII>ME>AN>ABI. Based on the results of our study, ABII soil is recommended for P-IP6 removal. In this soil, P-IP6 sorption did not depend on solution pH, and the precipitation and sorption of IP6 were associated with Ca2+, Mg2+, and minerals such as montmorillonite and vermiculite.

Brbara Fuentes; Mara de la Luz Mora; Roland Bol; Francisca San Martin; Elizabeth Prez; Paula Cartes

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Paleoarchaic Surface Assemblages in the Great Salt Lake Desert, Northwestern Utah  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

desert scrubs, such as sagebrush, shadscale, horsebrush, snake- PALEOARCHAIC ASSEMBLAGES IN THE GREAT SALT

Arkush, Brooke S; Pitblado, Bonnie L

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

A desert plant from Egypt, Anabasis setifera: an efficient natural factory of carvacrol and thymol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A desert plant from Egypt, Anabasis setifera: an efficient natural factory of carvacrol and thymol ...

Mahmoud Abbas Saleh

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

British wind band music.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??I have chosen to be assessed as an interpreter and conductor of British wind band music from the earliest writings for wind band up to, (more)

Jones, GO

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Western Area Power Administration, Desert Southwest Region  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Western Area Power Administration, Desert Southwest Region Liberty-Parker #2 230-kV Transmission Line Optical Power Ground Wire Repairs - Continuation Sheet Project Description The scope of work includes digging a trenching and burying a 1.25-inch OPGW conduit. The conduit trench will be about 4 feet deep and 10 inches wide, with warning tape placed above the conduit in the trench. Once the conduit has been placed, the trench will be backfilled with the original surface material. About 5.3 linear miles of trenching will be required, mostly within the existing dirt access road associated with the LIB-PAD #2 transmission line. Four pullboxes will be installed along the route. The pullboxes measure 2 feet by 3 feet by 2 feet and will be installed at least 24 inches below grade. An

40

Western Area Power Administration, Desert Southwest Region  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 5 Western Area Power Administration, Desert Southwest Region Liberty-Parker #2 230-kV Transmission Line Optical Power Ground Wire Repairs - Continuation Sheet Project Description The scope of work includes digging a trenching and burying a 1.25-inch OPGW conduit. The conduit trench will be about 4 feet deep and 10 inches wide, with warning tape placed above the conduit in the trench. Once the conduit has been placed, the trench will be backfilled with the original surface material. About 5.3 linear miles of trenching will be required, mostly within the existing dirt access road associated with the LIB-PAD #2 transmission line. Four pullboxes will be installed along the route. The pullboxes measure 2 feet by 3 feet by 2 feet and will be installed at least 24 inches below grade. An

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vieux desert band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Lake Lahontan: Geology of Southern Carson Desert, Nevada | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lake Lahontan: Geology of Southern Carson Desert, Nevada Lake Lahontan: Geology of Southern Carson Desert, Nevada Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: Lake Lahontan: Geology of Southern Carson Desert, Nevada Abstract This report presents a stratigraphic study of an area of about 860 square miles in the southern part of the Carson Desert, near Fallen, Churchill County, Nev. The exposed rocks and surficial sediments range in age from early Tertiary (?) to Recent. The late Quaternary sediments and soils were especially studied: they furnish a detailed history of the fluctuations of Lake Lahontan (a huge but intermittent late Pleistocene lake) and of younger lakes, as well as a history of late Quaternary sedimentation, erosion, soil development, and climatic change that probably is

42

Aeolian depositional landforms of the south eastern Mojave Desert, California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Remote sensing and photo interpretation techniques are used to describe and map aeolian deposits found along two sediment transport corridors in the south eastern Mojave Desert. The first pathway and associated sand deposits extend eastward from...

Alvis, William Thomas

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Structure and seasonal activity of Chihuahua desert ant communities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a desert area with abundant annual plants the largest feeding guild was gramnivores (nine species). In an area with few annual plants, the largest feeding guild was omnivores (eight species). Within a guild...

Walter G. Whitford

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

California Desert Native Plants Act | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: California Desert Native Plants ActLegal Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 2014 Legal...

45

Structural Analysis of the Desert Peak-Brady Geothermal Fields,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Structural Analysis of the Desert Peak-Brady Geothermal Fields, Structural Analysis of the Desert Peak-Brady Geothermal Fields, Northwestern Nevada: Implications for Understanding Linkages Between Northeast-Trending Structures and Geothermal Reservoirs in the Humboldt Structural Zone Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Structural Analysis of the Desert Peak-Brady Geothermal Fields, Northwestern Nevada: Implications for Understanding Linkages Between Northeast-Trending Structures and Geothermal Reservoirs in the Humboldt Structural Zone Abstract Detailed geologic mapping, delineation of Tertiary strata, analysis of faults and folds, and a new gravity survey have elucidated the structural controls on the Desert Peak and Brady geothermal fields in the Hot Springs Mountains of northwestern Nevada. The fields lie within the Humboldt

46

Turing Patterns in Deserts Jonathan A. Sherratt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/South-Western USA [5, 6] and sub-Saharan Africa [7­9] Bands of grass, shrubs or trees run along contours, separated and water densities, and is the basic model for patterning due to water redistribution. Many exten- sions­19] and a herbi- vore population [20]; see [21, 22] for other recent extensions. Note also that the Klausmeier

Sherratt, Jonathan A.

47

New age constraints on the Middle Stone Age occupations of Kharga Oasis, Western Desert, Egypt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New age constraints on the Middle Stone Age occupations of Kharga Oasis, Western Desert, Egypt rocks, or tufas, exposed along the flanks of the Libyan Plateau near Kharga Oasis, Western Desert, Egypt

Asmerom, Yemane

48

E-Print Network 3.0 - area eastern desert Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in The Netherlands Origin of Late Precambrian Intrusive Carbonates, Eastern Desert of Egypt and Sudan: C, 0 and Sr... carbonates, Eastern Desert of Egypt and Sudan: C, 0 and Sr...

49

Mitochondrial DNA variation in populations of Peromyscus eremicus from the Sonoran and Chihuahuan Deserts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Morphologic and allozymic analyses provide evidence to suggest a lack of continuity between cactus mice (Peromyscus eremicus) from the Chihuahuan and Sonoran Deserts. In this study, cactus mice from 9 localities (6 from the Chihuahuan Desert and 3...

Walpole, Deric King

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Geography of urban food access : exploring potential causes of food deserts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We believe we understand food deserts, but we do not. In the last decade the phenomenon of food deserts has been often discussed, and many solutions are proposed to alleviate food access issues in American cities. However, ...

Cameron, Caitlin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

EA-1912: Midway-Benton No. 1 Rebuild Project, near town of Desert...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Midway-Benton No. 1 Rebuild Project, near town of Desert Aire, Benton County, WA EA-1912: Midway-Benton No. 1 Rebuild Project, near town of Desert Aire, Benton County, WA...

52

Cuttings Analysis At Desert Peak Area (Laney, 2005) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Desert Peak Area (Laney, 2005) Desert Peak Area (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Desert Peak Area Exploration Technique Cuttings Analysis Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Remote Sensing for Exploration and Mapping of Geothermal Resources, Wendy Calvin, 2005. Task 1: Detailed analysis of hyperspectral imagery obtained in summer of 2003 over Brady's Hot Springs region was completed and validated (Figure 1). This analysis provided a local map of both sinter and tufa deposits surrounding the Ormat plant, identified fault extensions not previously recognized from field mapping and has helped constrain where to put additional wells that were drilled at the site. Task 2: Initial analysis of Landsat and ASTER data for Buffalo Valley and Pyramid Lake was

53

Gaseous Emissions From Steamboat Springs, Brady'S Hot Springs, And Desert  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gaseous Emissions From Steamboat Springs, Brady'S Hot Springs, And Desert Gaseous Emissions From Steamboat Springs, Brady'S Hot Springs, And Desert Peak Geothermal Systems, Nevada Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Gaseous Emissions From Steamboat Springs, Brady'S Hot Springs, And Desert Peak Geothermal Systems, Nevada Details Activities (3) Areas (3) Regions (0) Abstract: Gaseous emissions from the landscape can be used to explore for geothermal systems, characterize their lateral extent, or map the trends of concealed geologic structures that may provide important reservoir permeability at depth. Gaseous geochemical signatures vary from system to system and utilization of a multi-gas analytical approach to exploration or characterization should enhance the survey's clarity. This paper describes

54

Desert Hot Springs Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hot Springs Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Hot Springs Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Desert Hot Springs Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Desert Hot Springs Sector Geothermal energy Type Space Heating Location Desert Hot Springs, California Coordinates 33.961124°, -116.5016784° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

55

Desert Sunlight Solar Power Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sunlight Solar Power Plant Sunlight Solar Power Plant Jump to: navigation, search Name Desert Sunlight Solar Power Plant Facility Desert Sunlight Sector Solar Facility Type Photovoltaic Developer First Solar Location Desert Center, California Coordinates 33.7541038°, -115.3311778° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.7541038,"lon":-115.3311778,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

56

Desert Peak II Geothermal Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

II Geothermal Facility II Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Desert Peak II Geothermal Facility General Information Name Desert Peak II Geothermal Facility Facility Desert Peak II Sector Geothermal energy Location Information Location Churchill, Nevada Coordinates 39.753854931241°, -118.95378112793° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.753854931241,"lon":-118.95378112793,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

57

San Emidio Desert Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

San Emidio Desert Geothermal Area San Emidio Desert Geothermal Area (Redirected from San Emidio Desert Area) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: San Emidio Desert Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (4) 9 Exploration Activities (9) 10 References Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":6,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"300px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.38,"lon":-119.4,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

58

Global observations of desert dust and biomass burning aerosols  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global observations of desert dust and biomass burning aerosols Martin de Graaf KNMI #12; Outline · Absorbing Aerosol Index - Theory · Absorbing Aerosol Index - Reality · Biomass burning.6 Biomass burning over Angola, 09 Sep. 2004 Absorbing Aerosol Index PMD image #12;biomass burning ocean

Graaf, Martin de

59

Desert pavement morphology and dynamics, Big Bend National Park, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Desert pavements consist of a one- to two-layer thick surface armory of stones overlying finer, virtually stone-free material which often adopts the appearance of a meticulously tiled mosaic. They cover half of the arid land surface in North America...

Harmon, Courtney Michelle

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

60

Erratum to Case Study: Desert Arid Under "For More Information"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Sonoran, Great Basin, and Chihuahuan deserts, as well as the Colorado River and Rio Grande basins extreme temperature fluctuations, intense winds, seasonal precipitation, and wildfires. Despite the lack from the mountains, which feeds large rivers such as the Colorado and also causes temporary streams

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vieux desert band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

California Desert Fish Farm Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fish Farm Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Fish Farm Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name California Desert Fish Farm Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility California Desert Fish Farm Sector Geothermal energy Type Aquaculture Location Niland, California Coordinates 33.2400366°, -115.5188756° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

62

Palm Desert, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Desert, California: Energy Resources Desert, California: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 33.7222445°, -116.3744556° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.7222445,"lon":-116.3744556,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

63

San Emidio Desert Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

San Emidio Desert Geothermal Area San Emidio Desert Geothermal Area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: San Emidio Desert Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (4) 9 Exploration Activities (9) 10 References Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":6,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"300px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.38,"lon":-119.4,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

64

E-Print Network 3.0 - atacama desert coast Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in northern Chile has localities that have never registered rainfall in over 300 years... ocean currents; rain shadow deserts occur on lee sides of mountain ... Source: Meserve,...

65

2-M Probe At Desert Peak Area (Sladek, Et Al., 2007) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sladek, Et Al., 2007) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: 2-M Probe At Desert Peak Area (Sladek, Et Al., 2007) Exploration Activity...

66

Fire Impacts on the Mojave Desert Ecosystem: Literature Review  

SciTech Connect

The Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) is located within the Mojave Desert, which is the driest region in North America. Precipitation on the NNSS varies from an annual average of 130 millimeters (mm; 5.1 inches) with a minimum of 47 mm (1.9 inches) and maximum of 328 mm (12.9 inches) over the past 15 year period to an annual average of 205 mm (8.1 inches) with an annual minimum of 89 mm (3.5 inches) and maximum of 391 mm (15.4 inches) for the same time period; for a Frenchman Flat location at 970 meters (m; 3182 feet) and a Pahute Mesa location at 1986 m (6516 feet), respectively. The combination of aridity and temperature extremes has resulted in sparsely vegetated basins (desert shrub plant communities) to moderately vegetated mountains (mixed coniferous forest plant communities); both plant density and precipitation increase with increasing elevation. Whereas some plant communities have evolved under fire regimes and are dependent upon fire for seed germination, plant communities within the Mojave Desert are not dependent on a fire regime and therefore are highly impacted by fire (Brown and Minnich, 1986; Brooks, 1999). As noted by Johansen (2003) natural range fires are not prevalent in the Mojave and Sonoran Deserts because there is not enough vegetation present (too many shrub interspaces) to sustain a fire. Fire research and hence publications addressing fires in the Southwestern United States (U.S.) have therefore focused on forest, shrub-steppe and grassland fires caused by both natural and anthropogenic ignition sources. In the last few decades, however, invasion of mid-elevation shrublands by non-native Bromus madritensis ssp. rubens and Bromus tectorum (Hunter, 1991) have been highly correlated with increased fire frequency (Brooks and Berry, 2006; Brooks and Matchett, 2006). Coupled with the impact of climate change, which has already been shown to be playing a role in increased forest fires (Westerling et al., 2006), it is likely that the fire frequency will further increase in the Mojave Desert (Knapp 1998; Smith et al., 1987; Smith et al., 2000).

Fenstermaker Lynn

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Elevated surface temperature depresses survival of banner-tailed kangaroo rats: will climate change cook a desert icon?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

D. spectabilis...is an arid-adapted rodent endemic to the Chihuahuan Desert of North America. Members of this genus are desert icons that are renowned for their behavioral and...1964; Best 1988; ...

Martin R. Moses; Jennifer K. Frey; Gary W. Roemer

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Neoproterozoic tectonothermal evolution of the Central Eastern Desert, Egypt: a slow velocity tectonic process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neoproterozoic tectonothermal evolution of the Central Eastern Desert, Egypt: a slow velocity, University of Assiut, Egypt Received 10 January 2001; received in revised form 24 October 2001; accepted 25 in the Central Eastern Desert of Egypt is constraint by 40 Ar/39 Ar ages of hornblende and muscovite from Meatiq

Fritz, Harald

69

Atmospheric Movement of Microorganisms in Clouds of Desert Dust and Implications for Human Health  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...general, high-energy wind conditions in...western deserts of Egypt, 44 genera and 102...loss of recovery efficiency due to microorganisms...air-dust particles from Egypt. Mycopathologia...western desert of Egypt. Afr. J. Sci...S. Department of Energy, DOE/NV/10845-60...

Dale W. Griffin

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Endolithic cyanobacteria in soil gypsum: Occurrences in Atacama (Chile), Mojave (United States), and Al-Jafr Basin (Jordan) Deserts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

), and Al-Jafr Basin (Jordan) Deserts Hailiang Dong,1 Jason A. Rech,1 Hongchen Jiang,1 Henry Sun,2, United States, and Al-Jafr Basin, Jordan, revealed endolithic cyanobacteria communities just below the Atacama and Mojave Desert, but insignificant in the fibrous gypsum from the Jordan Desert. Endolithic life

Ahmad, Sajjad

71

InSAR At Desert Peak Area (Laney, 2005) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

InSAR At Desert Peak Area (Laney, 2005) InSAR At Desert Peak Area (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Desert Peak Area Exploration Technique InSAR Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes InSAR Ground Displacement Analysis, Gary Oppliger and Mark Coolbaugh. This project supports increased utilization of geothermal resources in the Western United States by developing basic measurements and interpretations that will assist reservoir management and expansion at Bradys, Desert Peak and the Desert Peak EGS study area (80 km NE of Reno, Nevada) and will serve as a technology template for other geothermal fields. Raw format European Space Agency (ESA) ERS 1/2 satellite synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) radar scenes acquired from 1992 through 2002 are being processed to

72

Banded electromagnetic stator core  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A stator core for an electromagnetic pump includes a plurality of circumferentially adjoining groups of flat laminations disposed about a common centerline axis and collectively defining a central bore and a discontinuous outer perimeter, with adjacent groups diverging radially outwardly to form V-shaped gaps. An annular band surrounds the groups and is predeterminedly tensioned to clamp together the laminations, and has a predetermined flexibility in a radial direction to form substantially straight bridge sections between the adjacent groups.

Fanning, Alan W. (San Jose, CA); Gonzales, Aaron A. (San Jose, CA); Patel, Mahadeo R. (San Jose, CA); Olich, Eugene E. (Aptos, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Banded electromagnetic stator core  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A stator core for an electromagnetic pump includes a plurality of circumferentially adjoining groups of flat laminations disposed about a common centerline axis and collectively defining a central bore and a discontinuous outer perimeter, with adjacent groups diverging radially outwardly to form V-shaped gaps. An annular band surrounds the groups and is predeterminedly tensioned to clamp together the laminations, and has a predetermined flexibility in a radial direction to form substantially straight bridge sections between the adjacent groups.

Fanning, Alan W. (San Jose, CA); Gonzales, Aaron A. (San Jose, CA); Patel, Mahadeo R. (San Jose, CA); Olich, Eugene E. (Aptos, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Banded electromagnetic stator core  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A stator core for an electromagnetic pump includes a plurality of circumferentially adjoining groups of flat laminations disposed about a common centerline axis and collectively defining a central bore and a discontinuous outer perimeter, with adjacent groups diverging radially outwardly to form V-shaped gaps. An annular band surrounds the groups and is predeterminedly tensioned to clamp together the laminations, and has a predetermined flexibility in a radial direction to form substantially straight bridge sections between the adjacent groups. 5 figs.

Fanning, A.W.; Gonzales, A.A.; Patel, M.R.; Olich, E.E.

1996-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

75

Banded electromagnetic stator core  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A stator core for an electromagnetic pump includes a plurality of circumferentially adjoining groups of flat laminations disposed about a common centerline axis and collectively defining a central bore and a discontinuous outer perimeter, with adjacent groups diverging radially outwardly to form V-shaped gaps. An annular band surrounds the groups and is predeterminedly tensioned to clamp together the laminations, and has a predetermined flexibility in a radial direction to form substantially straight bridge sections between the adjacent groups. 5 figures.

Fanning, A.W.; Gonzales, A.A.; Patel, M.R.; Olich, E.E.

1994-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

76

Band crossing in a shears band of {sup 108}Cd  

SciTech Connect

The level lifetimes have been measured for a shears band of {sup 108}Cd that exhibits band crossing. The observed level energies and B(M1) rates have been successfully described by a semiclassical geometric model based on shear mechanism. In this geometric model, the band crossing in the shears band has been described as the reopening of the angle between the blades of a shear.

Roy, Santosh; Datta, Pradip; Pal, S.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Bhattacharya, S.; Goswami, A.; Jain, H. C.; Joshi, P. K.; Bhowmik, R. K.; Kumar, R.; Muralithar, S.; Singh, R. P.; Madhavan, N.; Rao, P. V. Madhusudhana [S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences. Block JD, Sector III, Saltlake City, Kolkata 700098 (India); iThemba Labs, Post Office Box 722, Somerset West 7129 (South Africa); Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, 1/AF Bidhannager Kolkata, 700 064 (India); Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400 005 (India); Inter University Accelerator Center, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi 110 067 (India); Department of Physics, Andra University, Visakhapatnam 530 003 (India)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

77

Marc BAVANT RETOUR SUR LE PARFAIT PERIPHRASTIQUE DU VIEUX PERSE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

formes de passé actif en iranien moyen et moderne (persan moyen man kart (ham), persan moderne man kardam

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

78

CO2 EFFECTS ON MOJAVE DESERT PLANT INTERACTIONS  

SciTech Connect

Seasonal and interannual droughts characteristic of deserts have the potential to modify plant interactions as atmospheric CO{sub 2} concentrations continue to rise. At the Nevada Desert FACE (free-air CO{sub 2} enrichment) facility in the northern Mojave Desert, the effects of elevated atmospheric C02 (550 vs. ambient {approx}360 {micro}mol mol{sup -1}) on plant interactions were examined during two years of high and low rainfall. Results suggest that CO{sub 2} effects on the interaction between native species and their understory herbs are dependent on the strength of competition when rainfall is plentiful, but are unimportant during annual drought. Seasonal rainfall for 1999 was 23% the long-term average for the area, and neither elevated CO{sub 2} nor the low production of herbaceous neighbors had an effect on relative growth rate (RGR, d{sup -1}) and reproductive effort (RE, number of flowers g{sup -1}) for Achnatherum hymenoides (early season perennial C{sub 3} grass), Pleuraphis rigida (late season perennial C{sub 4} grass), and Larrea tridentata (evergreen C{sub 3} shrub). In contrast, 1998 received 213% the average rainfall. Consequently, the decrease in RGR and increase in RE for Achnatherum, whose period of growth overlaps directly with that of its neighbors, was exaggerated at elevated CO{sub 2}. However, competitive effects of neighbors on Eriogonum trichopes (a winter annual growing in shrub interspaces), Pleuraphis and Larrea were not affected by elevated CO{sub 2}, and possible explanations are discussed. Contrary to expectations, the invasive annual neighbor Bromus madritensis ssp. rubens had little influence on target plant responses because densities in 1998 and 1999 at this site were well below those found in other studies where it has negatively affected perennial plant growth. The extent that elevated CO{sub 2} reduces the performance of Achnatherum in successive years to cause its loss from the plant community depends more on future pressure from herbaceous neighbors and less on the extent that CO{sub 2} enhances Achnatherum growth during periods of severe drought.

L. A. DEFALCO; G. C. FERNANDEZ; S. D. SMITH; R. S. NOWAK

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Variability in desert bighorn and Rambouillet sheep using restriction fragment length polymorphisms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is required (Nei et al. 1975). Ayala (1968) stated that 14 populations with greater genetic variability are more efficient in adapting to a new or changing environment. He showed this by producing hybrid populations of 2 strains of Drosophila, D. serrata... "? 4. 7 24 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Taq I 2. 1 50 at 4. 9kb, where 1 desert bighorn NV/TX and 3 desert bighorn AZ/AZ exhibited a doublet below 4. 9kb, and 1 desert bighorn NV/TX exhibited a fragment above 4. 9kb. Bovine...

Lyles, Ingrid Doodeheefver

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

EA-1912: Midway-Benton No. 1 Rebuild Project, near town of Desert Aire,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Midway-Benton No. 1 Rebuild Project, near town of Desert Midway-Benton No. 1 Rebuild Project, near town of Desert Aire, Benton County, WA EA-1912: Midway-Benton No. 1 Rebuild Project, near town of Desert Aire, Benton County, WA Midway-Benton No. 1 Rebuild Project, near town of Desert Aire, Benton County, WA This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal by DOE's Bonneville Power Administration to rebuild its existing Midway-Benton No.1 transmission line in place, or to reroute a portion of the Midway-Benton No. 1 transmission line that currently crosses Gable Mountain and Gable Butte in order to avoid crossing these features. Please note: Together, the Draft EA and the Revision to the Draft EA constitute the Final EA. EA-1912-DEA-2012.pdf EA-1912-RevisedDEA-2012.pdf More Documents & Publications EA-1912: Draft Environmental Assessment

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vieux desert band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Geothermometry At Desert Queen Area (Garchar & Arehart, 2008) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Queen Area (Garchar & Arehart, 2008) Queen Area (Garchar & Arehart, 2008) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermometry At Desert Queen Area (Garchar & Arehart, 2008) Exploration Activity Details Location Desert Queen Area Exploration Technique Geothermometry Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Temperatures of the reservoir at depth are estimated to be between 92-141 degrees C and were calculated using the δ18O(SO4-H2O) geothermometer. It is unclear whether these temperatures reflect waters from the outflow zone of the Desert Peak geothermal system, or waters from a different reservoir at Desert Queen. Quartz, chalcedony, amorphous silica, Na-K-Ca, and δ18O(SO4-H2O) geothermometer calculations were performed.

82

Regional Gravity Survey of the Northern Great Salt Lake Desert and Adjacent  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gravity Survey of the Northern Great Salt Lake Desert and Adjacent Gravity Survey of the Northern Great Salt Lake Desert and Adjacent Areas in Utah, Nevada, and Idaho Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Regional Gravity Survey of the Northern Great Salt Lake Desert and Adjacent Areas in Utah, Nevada, and Idaho Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: From 1957 to 1961 a regional gravity survey was made over the northern part of the Great Salt Lake Desert and adjacent areas in Utah, eastern Nevada, and southeastern Idaho. A total of 1040 stations were taken over an area of about 7000 square miles. The results were compiled as a Bouguer gravity anomaly map with a contour interval of 2 mgal. The Bouguer values ranged from a high of about -120 mgal over the outcrop areas to a

83

Tectono-metamorphic evolution of the Wadi Hafafit Culmination (central Eastern Desert, Egypt). Implication for Neoproterozoic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tectono-metamorphic evolution of the Wadi Hafafit Culmination (central Eastern Desert, Egypt.O. 530 El-Maadi, Cairo, Egypt Institut für Geowissenschaften, Universität Tübingen Sigwartstr. 10, D

Siebel, Wolfgang

84

Sites with Holocene dung deposits in the Eastern Desert of Egypt: Visited by herders?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sites with Holocene dung deposits in the Eastern Desert of Egypt: Visited by herders? V. Linseele a by the Belgian Middle Egypt Prehistoric Project of Leuven University under the direction of P.M. Vermeersch

Marinova, Elena

85

Food Deserts and Eating Habits of Children Participating in the WIC Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

have shown, however, that a significant number of children do not consume the recommended amounts of these foods, specifically vegetables and whole grains. Investigators have become increasingly interested in food deserts and whether living...

Jewell, Kassi Kae

2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

86

Abiotic and biotic factors affecting nonrandom distributions of Chihuahuan Desert anurans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Chihuahuan Desert landscape. I found significant differences between observed and expected numbers of amphibians associated with availability of soil and vegetation types. These results suggest large-scale habitat associations may act as an initial filter...

Dayton, Gage Hart

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

E-Print Network 3.0 - area western desert Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3(4):714721 Summary: , California 92260 USA E-mail: biomesa@aol.com ABSTRACT. - In the Colorado Desert of California, the western... area did not randomly select their burrow...

88

A demographic approach to study effects of climate change in desert plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...vegetation and present potential ecology in the Western Chinese Loess Plateau. Quat. Int. 194...models of two Eremophila species from Western Australia compared with published data...short-lived Cryptantha flava in the Colorado Plateau Desert (USA) and the annual...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Discovery and geology of the Desert Peak geothermal field: a case history. Bulletin 97  

SciTech Connect

A case history of the exploration, development (through 1980), and geology of the Desert Peak geothermal field is presented. Sections on geochemistry, geophysics, and temperature-gradient drilling are included.

Benoit, W.R.; Hiner, J.E.; Forest, R.T.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

The War in the Desert: The Vietnam Antiwar Movement in the American Southwest  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE WAR IN THE DESERT: THE VIETNAM ANTIWAR MOVEMENT IN THE AMERICAN SOUTHWEST A Thesis by BRANDON MICHAEL WARD Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS August 2009 Major Subject: History THE WAR IN THE DESERT: THE VIETNAM ANTIWAR MOVEMENT IN THE AMERICAN SOUTHWEST A Thesis by BRANDON MICHAEL WARD Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies...

Ward, Brandon M.

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

91

Mapping the evolution of 'food deserts' in a Canadian city: Supermarket accessibility in London, Ontario, 19612005  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Urban food deserts have spatial as well as socioeconomic causes and these should be considered when developing public health strategies designed to overcome nutritional inequities in city communities.

Kristian Larsen; Jason Gilliland

2008-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

92

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

61 - 2570 of 28,905 results. 61 - 2570 of 28,905 results. Download CX-002218: Categorical Exclusion Determination St. Landry's Energy Retrofits CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B2.5, B5.1 Date: 05/11/2010 Location(s): St. Landry Parish, Louisiana Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-002218-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-002225: Categorical Exclusion Determination Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians Wood Products Study CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 05/11/2010 Location(s): Michigan Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-002225-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-004630: Categorical Exclusion Determination California- City- Tulare CX(s) Applied: A1, A9, A11, B5.1

93

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Michigan | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

May 13, 2010 May 13, 2010 CX-002286: Categorical Exclusion Determination High-Activity Dealloyed Cathode Catalysts CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 05/13/2010 Location(s): Michigan Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office May 11, 2010 CX-002225: Categorical Exclusion Determination Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians Wood Products Study CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 05/11/2010 Location(s): Michigan Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy April 28, 2010 CX-002017: Categorical Exclusion Determination Sault Sainte Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians Energy Efficiency Lighting Retrofits CX(s) Applied: B2.5, B5.1 Date: 04/28/2010 Location(s): Sault Sainte Marie, Michigan Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy April 26, 2010

94

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Office of Energy Efficiency and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1, 2010 1, 2010 CX-002225: Categorical Exclusion Determination Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians Wood Products Study CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 05/11/2010 Location(s): Michigan Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy May 11, 2010 CX-002223: Categorical Exclusion Determination Androscoggin Installs Economizing and Efficient Cooling Unit in County Building CX(s) Applied: B2.5, B1.4, B5.1 Date: 05/11/2010 Location(s): Androscoggin County, Maine Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy May 11, 2010 CX-002222: Categorical Exclusion Determination Androscoggin Replaces Controls for Boiler Room CX(s) Applied: B2.2, B5.1 Date: 05/11/2010 Location(s): Androscoggin County, Maine Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy May 11, 2010

95

Pre-treating Seed to Enhance Germination of Desert Shrubs  

SciTech Connect

Creosotebush [Larrea tridentata (D.C.) Cav.] and white bursage [Ambrosia dumosa (A. Gray) W.W. Payne] seeds were subjected to pre-treatments of rinsing and soaking in water and thiourea to enhance germination in laboratory experiments. The effects of darkness, temperature, seed source, and soil moisture were also evaluated in the laboratory. The best pre-treatment from the laboratory experiments, rinsing with water for 36 hours followed by drying, was field-tested at Fort Irwin, California. Two sites and two seeding dates (early March and mid April) were determined for each site. Five mulch treatments (no mulch, straw, gravel, chemical stabilizer, and plastic) were evaluated in combination with the seed pre-treatments. Field emergence was greatly enhanced with the seed pre-treatment for white bursage during the March (18-42% increase in germination) and April seedings (16-23% increase in germination). Creosotebush showed poor germination during March (2-5%) when soil temperatures averaged 15 C, but germination increased during the April trials (6-43%) when soil temperatures averaged 23 C. The seed pre-treatment during the April trials increased germination from 16-23%. The plastic mulch treatment increased germination dramatically during both the March and April trials. The plastic mulch increased soil temperatures (8-10 C)and maintained high humidity during germination. Both the chemical stabilizer and the gravel mulches improved germination over the control while the straw mulch decreased germination. These results suggest that seed pre-treatments combined with irrigation and mulch are effective techniques to establish these two dominant Mojave Desert species from seed.

W. K. Ostler; D. C. Anderson; D. J. Hansen

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Holocene freshwater carbonate structures in the hyper-arid Gebel Uweinat region of the Sahara Desert (Southwestern Egypt) q  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Desert (Southwestern Egypt) q Margarita M. Marinova a,b , A. Nele Meckler c , Christopher P. McKay b region of the Sahara Desert, near the triple border of Egypt, Sudan, and Libya (N22°, E25°), re- ceives- ibrated years BP; Wendorf and expedition, 1977). While some parts of southwest Egypt have been extensively

Gilli, Adrian

97

Phanerozoic tectonothermal history of the ArabianNubian shield in the Eastern Desert of Egypt: evidence from fission track  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Phanerozoic tectonothermal history of the Arabian­Nubian shield in the Eastern Desert of Egypt were performed in the Eastern Desert of Egypt. The results provide insights into the processes driving reserved. Keywords: Phanerozoic; Fission track thermochronology; Palaeostress; Arabian­Nubien shield; Egypt

Fritz, Harald

98

Stable isotope geochemistry of sulfur bearing minerals and clay mineralogy of some soils and sediments in Loot Desert, central Iran  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and sediments in Loot Desert, central Iran M.H. Farpoor a, , H.R. Krouse b a Soil Sci. Dept., Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Bahonar Univ. of Kerman, Kerman, Iran b Department of Physics and Astronomy, the Univ technique and clay mineralogy were studied in different landforms in Loot Desert, central Iran. Four

Ahmad, Sajjad

99

Micro-Earthquake At Desert Peak Geothermal Area (2011) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Desert Peak Geothermal Area Desert Peak Geothermal Area (2011) Exploration Activity Details Location Desert Peak Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Micro-Earthquake Activity Date 2011 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Determine seismicity before and after reservoir stimulation for EGS Notes The overall goal is to gather high resolution seismicity data before, during and after stimulation activities at the EGS projects. This will include both surface and borehole deployments (as necessary in available boreholes) to provide high quality seismic data for improved processing and interpretation methodologies. This will allow the development and testing of seismic methods for understanding the performance of the EGS systems, as well as aid in developing induced seismicity mitigation techniques that can

100

EA-1912: Midway-Benton No. 1 Rebuild Project, near town of Desert Aire,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1912: Midway-Benton No. 1 Rebuild Project, near town of Desert 1912: Midway-Benton No. 1 Rebuild Project, near town of Desert Aire, Benton County, WA EA-1912: Midway-Benton No. 1 Rebuild Project, near town of Desert Aire, Benton County, WA Summary This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal by DOE's Bonneville Power Administration to rebuild its existing Midway-Benton No.1 transmission line in place, or to reroute a portion of the Midway-Benton No. 1 transmission line that currently crosses Gable Mountain and Gable Butte in order to avoid crossing these features. For more information, please see: http://efw.bpa.gov/environmental_services/Document_Library/MidwayBentonRebuild/ Public Comment Opportunities None available at this time. Documents Available for Download December 6, 2012 EA-1912: Finding of No Significant Impact

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vieux desert band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Core Analysis At Desert Peak Area (Laney, 2005) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Core Analysis At Desert Peak Area (Laney, 2005) Core Analysis At Desert Peak Area (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Desert Peak Area Exploration Technique Core Analysis Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Remote Sensing for Exploration and Mapping of Geothermal Resources, Wendy Calvin, 2005. Task 1: Detailed analysis of hyperspectral imagery obtained in summer of 2003 over Brady's Hot Springs region was completed and validated (Figure 1). This analysis provided a local map of both sinter and tufa deposits surrounding the Ormat plant, identified fault extensions not previously recognized from field mapping and has helped constrain where to put additional wells that were drilled at the site. Task 2: Initial analysis of Landsat and ASTER data for Buffalo Valley and Pyramid Lake was

102

Precambrian Research 136 (2005) 2750 The Wadi Mubarak belt, Eastern Desert of Egypt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Precambrian Research 136 (2005) 27­50 The Wadi Mubarak belt, Eastern Desert of Egypt, Graz, Austria b Mansoura University, Faculty of Science, Geology Department, El Mansoura, Egypt c February 2003; accepted 3 September 2004 Abstract The Wadi Mubarak belt in Egypt strikes west­east (and

Fritz, Harald

103

Dynamical Processes on Desert Pavements and the Healing of Surficial Disturbances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The present study focuses on desert pavement in Panamint Valley, a broad north­south trending valley just west period on small cleared patches, or plats, on pavement sur- faces in Panamint Valley, California of Death Valley, California (Fig. 1). Panamint Valley was chosen as a pavement-dynamics study site

Ahmad, Sajjad

104

INTER-MOUNTAIN BASINS MIXED SALT DESERT SCRUB extent exaggerated for display  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INTER-MOUNTAIN BASINS MIXED SALT DESERT SCRUB R.Rondeau extent exaggerated for display ATRIPLEX., Lycium ssp., Suaeda spp., Yucca glauca, and Tetradymia spinosa. Dwarf- shrubs include Gutierrezia and Holmgren 1984). Forb cover is generally sparse. Perennial forbs that might occur include INTER-MOUNTAIN

105

Balancing Energy and Water Consumption in an Urban Desert Environment: A Case  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Balancing Energy and Water Consumption in an Urban Desert Environment: A Case Study on Phoenix, AZ effect, water scarcity, and energy consumption. The transformation of native landscapes into built to cool homes. Identifying Direct and Indirect Costs of Water and Energy Consumption Study Area Although

Hall, Sharon J.

106

First Tracer Test After Circulation in Desert Peak 27-15  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Following the successful stimulation of Desert Peak target EGS well 27-15, a circulation test was initiated by injecting a conservative tracer (1,5-nds) in combination with a reactive tracer (7-amino-1,3-naphthalene disulfonate). The closest production well 74-21 was monitored over the subsequent several months.

Peter Rose

107

Stimulation at Desert Peak -modeling with the coupled THM code FEHM  

SciTech Connect

Numerical modeling of the 2011 shear stimulation at the Desert Peak well 27-15. This submission contains the FEHM executable code for a 64-bit PC Windows-7 machine, and the input and output files for the results presented in the included paper from ARMA-213 meeting.

sharad kelkar

2013-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

108

Study of Desert Dust Events over the Southwestern Iberian Peninsula in Year 2000: Two Case Studies  

SciTech Connect

Strong desert dust events occurring in 2000 over the southwestern Atlantic coast of the Iberian Peninsula are detected and evaluated by means of the TOMS Aerosol Index (A.I.) at three different sites, Funchal (Madeira Island, Portugal), Lisboa (Portugal), and El Arenosillo (Huelva, Spain). At the El Arenosillo station, measurements from an AERONET Cimel sunphotometer allow more retrieval of the spectral AOD and the derived alpha ''angstrom'' coefficient. After using different threshold values of these parameters, we conclude that it is difficult to establish reliable and robust criteria for an automatic estimation of the number of dust episodes and the total number of dusty days per year. As a result, additional information, such as airmass trajectories, were used to improve the estimation, from which reasonable results were obtained (although some manual editing was still needed). A detailed characterization of two selected desert dust episodes, a strong event in winter and another of less intensity in summer, was carried out using AOD derived from Brewer spectrometer measurements. Size distribution parameters and radiative properties, such as refractive index and the aerosol single scattering albedo derived from Cimel data, were analyzed in detail for one of these two case studies. Although specific to this dust episode, the retrieved range of values of these parameters clearly reflect the characteristics of desert aerosols. Back-trajectory analysis, synoptic weather maps and satellite images were also considered together, as supporting data to assess the aerosol desert characterization in this region of study.

Cachorro, V. E.; Vergaz, R.; de Frutos, A. M.; Vilaplana, J. M.; Henriques, D.; Laulainen, Nels S.; Toledano, C.

2006-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

109

Can desert dust explain the outgoing longwave radiation anomaly over the Sahara during July 2003?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Met Office Unified Model. A significant difference is found over desert regions of northern Africa:10.1029/2004JD005232. 1. Introduction [2] The top of the atmosphere radiative energy balance between net incoming solar radiation and outgoing long- wave radiation (OLR) is crucial in determining

Allan, Richard P.

110

Relations between albedos and emissivities from MODIS and ASTER data over North African Desert  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of incident solar energy reflected by the land surface in all directions. They determine the surface radiation map over the arid areas of Algeria, Libya, and Tunisia in North Africa at 30 second (about 1 km) and 2 in climate model deserts such as the Sahara. However, solar short- wave diffuse albedos vary by a factor

Zhou, Liming

111

First Tracer Test After Circulation in Desert Peak 27-15  

SciTech Connect

Following the successful stimulation of Desert Peak target EGS well 27-15, a circulation test was initiated by injecting a conservative tracer (1,5-nds) in combination with a reactive tracer (7-amino-1,3-naphthalene disulfonate). The closest production well 74-21 was monitored over the subsequent several months.

Rose, Peter

2013-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

112

Broad-band beam buncher  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A broad-band beam buncher is disclosed, comprising an evacuated housing, an electron gun therein for producing an electron beam, a buncher cavity having entrance and exit openings through which the beam is directed, grids across such openings, a source providing a positive DC voltage between the cavity and the electron gun, a drift tube through which the electron beam travels in passing through such cavity, grids across the ends of such drift tube, gaps being provided between the drift tube grids and the entrance and exit grids, a modulator for supplying an ultrahigh frequency modulating signal to the drift tube for producing velocity modulation of the electrons in the beam, a drift space in the housing through which the velocity modulated electron beam travels and in which the beam is bunched, and a discharge opening from such drift tube and having a grid across such opening through which the bunched electron beam is discharged into an accelerator or the like. The buncher cavity and the drift tube may be arranged to constitute an extension of a coaxial transmission line which is employed to deliver the modulating signal from a signal source. The extended transmission line may be terminated in its characteristic impedance to afford a broad-band response and the device as a whole designed to effect broad-band beam coupling, so as to minimize variations of the output across the response band.

Goldberg, David A. (Walnut Creek, CA); Flood, William S. (Berkeley, CA); Arthur, Allan A. (Martinez, CA); Voelker, Ferdinand (Orinda, CA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

BNL | S-band Linac  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

S-band Linac S-band Linac Some experiments at the ATF require higher energies than what is available from the photoinjector. We use two traveling wave linac structures, known as 'SLAC sections' (from the famous 2-mile SLAC linac). Each section provides an acceleration given by: Energy gain (in MeV) = 10.8*SQRT(Power in MW)-39.5*Current(in amps) The current to be used is an equivalent steady state current. The microwave drive power, at a frequency of 2856 MHz, is provided by a single XK5 klystron tube (the old SLAC klystron). This tube can provide up to 25 MW. The ATF modulator can provide the XK5 klystron with high voltage for about 3 microseconds. This 3 microsecond pulse is called the macropulse. The repetition rate for the macropulses is from 1 to 6 per second. Within each

114

Project title: Stimulation at Desert Peak and Bradys reservoirs: modeling with the coupled THM code FEHM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Project title: Stimulation at Desert Peak and Bradys reservoirs: modeling with the coupled THM code FEHM presentation at the April 2013 peer review meeting held in Denver, Colorado.

115

Wood-Producing Sunflower? Mining Genetic Diversity in Desert-Dwelling Wild Species (2010 JGI User Meeting)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Steve Knapp from Monsanto on "Wood-Producing Sunflower? Mining Genetic Diversity in Desert-Dwelling Wild Species" on March 25, 2010 at the 5th Annual DOE JGI User Meeting

Knapp, Steve

2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

116

Environmental Tradeoffs in a Desert City: An Investigation of Water Use, Energy Consumption, and Local Air Temperature in Phoenix, AZ  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Environmental Tradeoffs in a Desert City: An Investigation of Water Use, Energy Consumption tradeoffs between vegetation cover, microclimate temperature, and water and energy consumption. References, AZ CONCLUSION · Research Observations: · Water Consumption, Energy Use, Vegetation Cover

Hall, Sharon J.

117

Red Band Needle Blight TERMS OF REFERENCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Red Band Needle Blight TERMS OF REFERENCE Purpose 1. The Programme Board has been formed to have an overview of the administration and science of Red Band Needle Blight (RBNB), to underpin decisions made

118

Vibration-Rotation Bands of Trideuteromethyl Iodide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

5 October 1965 research-article Vibration-Rotation Bands of Trideuteromethyl...of six parallel and nine perpendicular vibration bands of trideuteromethyl iodide has...constants for the fundamental degenerate vibrations. The values for overtone and combination...

1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Superdeformed bands in sup 194 Tl  

SciTech Connect

Superdeformation was first observed in the mass-190 region in {sup 191}Hg. Since then, SD bands have been found in {sup 190-194}Hg nuclei. Here we report the discovery of two such bands in {sup 194}Tl which are the first SD bands fond in this mass region that are not in Hg nuclei. Subsequently, bands have been found in two Pb nuclei. 5 refs., 1 fig.

Azaiez, F.; Kelly, W.H.; Korten, W.; Deleplanque, M.A.; Stephens, F.S.; Diamond, R.M.; Beausang, C.W.; Draper, J.E.; Rubel, E. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (USA)); Becker, J.A.; Henry, E.A.; Brinkman, M.J.; Yates, S.W.; Kuhnert, A. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (USA))

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

UT-TRIBE-NORTHWESTERN BAND OF SHOSHONE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. Department of Energy Categorical Exclusion Determination Form Program or Field Office: Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program Project Title UT-TRIBE-NORTHWESTERN BAND OF SHOSHONE Location: Tribe UT-TRIBE- NORTHWESTERN BAND OF SHOSHONE UT American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Proposed Action or Project Description The Northwestern Band of Shoshone Nation of Utah proposes to perform energy efficiency improvements

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vieux desert band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Low band gap polymers Organic Photovoltaics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Low band gap polymers for Organic Photovoltaics Eva Bundgaard Ph.D. Dissertation Risø National Bundgaard Title: Low band gap polymers for Organic photovoltaics Department: The polymer department Report the area of organic photovoltaics are focusing on low band gap polymers, a type of polymer which absorbs

122

Tradeoffs and Synergies between Biofuel Production and Large Solar Infrastructure in Deserts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solar energy installations in deserts are on the rise, fueled by technological advances and policy changes. ... Colocation may not be practical in all locations, and further field studies are required to fully evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of colocation. ... Pimentel, D.; Marklein, A.; Toth, M. A.; Karpoff, M.; Paul, G. S.; McCormack, R.; Kyriazis, J.; Krueger, T.Biofuel impacts on world food supply: Use of fossil fuel, land and water resources Energies 2008, 1, 41 78 ...

Sujith Ravi; David B. Lobell; Christopher B. Field

2014-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

123

Three-year movement patterns of adult desert tortoises at Yucca Mountain  

SciTech Connect

We studied the home-range size and site fidelity of adult desert tortoises (Gopherus agassizii) at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, during 1992-1994. Of 67 adult tortoises monitored at Yucca Mountain during this period, we evaluated the movements of 22 female and 16 male radiomarked tortoises that were located >50 times during each of the 1992, 1993, and 1994 activity seasons. We measured annual and three-year home range sizes by either 100% minimum convex polygon (MCP) or by 95% cluster.

Holt, E.A.; Rautenstrauch, K.R.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

124

Red Band Needle Blight Programme Red Band Needle Blight of Pine Programme Group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Red Band Needle Blight Programme Group Red Band Needle Blight of Pine Programme Group Minutes Support Welcome and introduction 1. Jim thanked everyone for attending the first meeting of the Red Band and that the private 1 | Paper 1 - Minutes | Debbie Erskine | 23/01/2009 #12;Red Band Needle Blight Programme Group

125

Metallic-nanoparticle assisted enhanced band-to-band tunneling current Deblina Sarkara)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Metallic-nanoparticle assisted enhanced band-to-band tunneling current Deblina Sarkara) and Kaustav) Metallic nanoparticle assisted band-to-band tunneling is proposed, and the impact of such nanoparticle that an asymmetric pinning is required to leverage maximum benefits from the insertion of metallic nanoparticles. VC

126

Vehicle damage to vegetation of the Rangipo Desert, Tongariro National Park, National Park, New Zealand : a thesis presented in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MSc in Ecology, Massey University, Turitea, Palmerston North, New Zealand.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Rangipo Desert, Tongariro National Park, Central North Island, New Zealand, contains one of New Zealands unique habitats due to the desert-like environment containing cushions, low (more)

Smith, Angelina Robyn

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Nuclear Band Structure in Sc41  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Band structure predictions assuming the formation of proton single-particle states above the Ca40 core in the ground state or one of its excited states are compared with the available data on the elastic and inelastic scattering of protons from Ca40. The band expected above the 3.35-Mev state in Ca40 is confirmed by experimental results, and some evidence is found for bands above the higher core states.

R. H. Davis

1959-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

128

X-BAND KLYSTRON DEVELOPMENT AT SLAC  

SciTech Connect

The development of X-band klystrons at SLAC originated with the idea of building an X-band Linear Collider in the late 1980's. Since then much effort has been expended in developing a reliable X-band Power source capable of delivering >50 MW RF power in pulse widths >1.5 {micro}s. I will report on some of the technical issues and design strategies which have led to the current SLAC klystron designs.

Vlieks, Arnold E.; /SLAC

2009-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

129

The El Mayah molasse basin in the Eastern Desert of Egypt A. Shalaby a,b,*, K. Stuwe a,*, H. Fritz a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The El Mayah molasse basin in the Eastern Desert of Egypt A. Shalaby a,b,*, K. Stu¨we a,*, H. Fritz, Austria b Department of Geology, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt Received 8 September 2004; received of kilometres of the East- ern Desert of Egypt. Its sedimentary record shows that deposition occurred in two

Fritz, Harald

130

Broad-band beam buncher  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A broad-band beam bunther is disclosed, comprising an evacuated housing, an electron gun therein for producing an electron beam, a buncher cavity having entrance and exit openings through which the beam is directed, grids across such openings, a source providing a positive DC voltage between the cavity and the electron gun, a drift tube through which the electron beam travels in passing through such cavity, grids across the ends of such drift tube, gaps being provided between the drift tube grids and the entrance and exit grids, a modulator for supplying an ultrahigh frequency modulating signal to the drift tube for producing velocity modulation of the electrons in the beam, a drift space in the housing through which the velocity modulated electron beam travels and in which the beam is bunched, and a discharge opening from such drift tube and having a grid across such opening through which the bunched electron beam is discharged into an accelerator or the like. The buncher cavity and the drift tube may be arranged to constitute an extension of a coaxial transmission line which is employed to deliver the modulating signal from a signal source. The extended transmission line may be terminated in its characteristic impedance to afford a broad-

Goldberg, D.A.; Flood, W.S.; Arthur, A.A.; Voelker, F.

1984-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

131

2012 SG Peer Review - Dramatic Residential Demand Reduction in the Desert Southwest - Robert Boehm, Univ. of Nevada, Las Vegas  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

S S t G id P 2012 Smart Grid Program Peer Review Meeting "D ti D d R d ti "Dramatic Demand Reduction in the Desert Southwest" Robert F Boehm Robert F. Boehm Center for Energy Research University of Nevada Las Vegas June 8, 2012 "Dramatic Demand Reduction in the Desert Southwest" in the Desert Southwest Objective Decrease the peak electrical demand by 65% over code-built houses in a new development of 185 homes. Life-cycle Funding ($K) FY08 - FY13 (now FY15) Technical Scope 1. Build energy conserving residences. 2. Include PV on the residences. FY08 - FY13 (now FY15) $6948k 3. Develop a demand control system that gives the customer options and that is enhanced by an artificial intelligence supplemental system. Instantaneous December 2008 power pricing information will be available

132

Beyond the Desert 2002, Accelerator, Non--Accelerator and Space Approaches in the New Millenium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The third conference on particle physics beyond the Standard Model (BEYOND THE DESERT'02 - Accelerator, Non-accelerator and Space Approaches) was held during 2--7 June, 2002 at the Finish town of Oulu, almost at the northern Arctic Circle. It was the first of the BEYOND conference series held outside Germany (CERN Courier March 2003, pp. 29-30). Traditionally the Scientific Programme of BEYOND conferences, brought into life in 1997 (see CERN Courier, November 1997, pp.16-18), covers almost all topics of modern particle physics (see contents).

H. V. Klapdor Kleingrothaus

2004-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

133

K=0 Rotational Bands in Yb174  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ? deexcitation of three excited K=0 rotational bands has been studied following population in the Yb173(n,?) reaction at resonant neutron energies of 4.53 and 17.7 eV. The ? rays were detected in singles and coincidence with Ge(Li) detectors. Analysis was also made of the primary radiation. The decay properties of these bands exhibit strong deviations from the Alaga ratios. For the lowest excited K=0 band the deexcitation branching ratios resemble those in the even-even Sm, Gd, Yb, and W nuclei. The higher-lying K=0 bands in Yb174 decay similarly to those in Yb172 but considerably differently from the lowest K=0 bands in this region. The pairing-vibrational character of the K=0 bands in Yb174, as shown by (p,t) and (t,p) reaction studies, apparently does not greatly alter the relative decay rates for these states. Two-band mixing of each K=0 band with the ground band cannot explain all the observed results, nor can three-band mixing involving the ? vibration. The presence of M1 components in the I?I transitions could explain some of the anomalous branching ratios but cannot be a complete explanation. It is suggested that multiband mixing including the excited K=0 bands themselves may have to be considered. The two-neutron-transfer-reaction data can also be interpreted in terms of such mixing. The observed similarities between Yb174 and other nuclei in this region suggest a corresponding similarity of mixing effects.

R. F. Casten; D. Breitig; W. R. Kane; S. F. Mughabghab

1973-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Possible quasimolecular bands in /sup 32/S  

SciTech Connect

Below the /sup 16/O+ /sup 16/O threshold, positive- and negative-parity bands at E/sub x/ = 11--17 MeV in /sup 32/S are identified, whose moments of inertia and ..cap alpha..-reduced widths indicate possible quasimolecular bands of /sup 16/O+ /sup 16/O and of some asymmetric configuration.

Morita, K.; Kubono, S.; Tanaka, M.H.; Utsunomiya, H.; Sugitani, M.; Kato, S.; Schimizu, J.; Tachikawa, T.; Takahashi, N.

1985-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

135

A V-BAND MMIC OSCILLATOR ARRAY USING WIDE BAND MICROSTRIP PATCH ANTENNA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A V-BAND MMIC OSCILLATOR ARRAY USING WIDE BAND MICROSTRIP PATCH ANTENNA HONG-TUEK KIM, WOOYEOL CHOI in a push-pull mode was implemented using two 2-port patch antennas. When measured in a closed over]. In this paper, to improve this problem, we develop a modified wide band microstrip patch antenna and use

Kwon, Youngwoo

136

Narrow band gap amorphous silicon semiconductors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a narrow band gap amorphous silicon semiconductor comprising an alloy of amorphous silicon and a band gap narrowing element selected from the group consisting of Sn, Ge, and Pb, with an electron donor dopant selected from the group consisting of P, As, Sb, Bi and N. The process for producing the narrow band gap amorphous silicon semiconductor comprises the steps of forming an alloy comprising amorphous silicon and at least one of the aforesaid band gap narrowing elements in amount sufficient to narrow the band gap of the silicon semiconductor alloy below that of amorphous silicon, and also utilizing sufficient amounts of the aforesaid electron donor dopant to maintain the amorphous silicon alloy as an n-type semiconductor.

Madan, A.; Mahan, A.H.

1985-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

137

Assessment of damage to the desert surfaces of Kuwait due to the Gulf War  

SciTech Connect

This is a preliminary report on a joint research project by Boston University and the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research that commenced in April 1992. The project aim is to establish the extent and nature of environmental damage to the desert surface and coastal zone of Kuwait due to the Gulf War and its aftermath. Change detection image enhancement techniques were employed to enhance environmental change by comparison of Landsat Thematic Mapper images obtained before the wars and after the cessation of the oil and well fires. Higher resolution SPOT images were also utilized to evaluate the nature of the environmental damage to specific areas. The most prominent changes were due to: (1) the deposition of oil and course-grained soot on the desert surface as a result of oil rain'' from the plume that emanated from the oil well fires; (2) the formation of hundreds of oil lakes, from oil seepage at the damaged oil well heads; (3) the mobilization of sand and dust and (4) the pollution of segments of the coastal zone by the deposition of oil from several oil spills. Interpretation of satellite image data are checked in the field to confirm the observations, and to assess the nature of the damage. Final results will be utilized in establishing the needs for remedial action to counteract the harmful effects of the various types of damage to the environment of Kuwait.

El-Baz, F. (Boston Univ., MA (United States). Center for Remote Sensing); Al-Ajmi, D. (Kuwait Inst. for Scientific Research (Kuwait). Environmental and Earth Sciences Div.)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

INTEGRATION OF RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEMS TO ISOLATED DESERT SITE IN EGYPT. Part I: Wind System Optimisation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ABSTRACT This paper discusses the technical and economical studies and the conceptual system designs for using renewable energy sources such as photovoltaic (PV), wind and biogas supplemented by conventional energy sources as an integerated system to isolated desert site south west of Egypt. (East Oweinat). The first part deals with the wind system optimisation . An attempt has been done, to find an analytical expression and graphical presentation for the proper tower height of a given Wind Energy Conversion System (WECS). This height is expressed as a function of both WECS characteristic speeds (Vci & Vr), and parameters of the site wind speed frequency distribution(WSFD). Application of the derived formula at different sites, and upon various WECS's shows that installing the WECS at that height ensures a high capacity factor of not less than 0.4 for the WECS. The paper also presents the possibility of determining that height directly from the given nomogram. KEY WORDS Wind system optimisation; integrated renewable energy system; wind energy conversion system; desert development; optimum height.

M. Galal Osman; M. Galal Osman; Fathy M.H. Youssef; Sobhy M. Abdelkader; Fathy M.H. Youssef; Sobhy M. Abdelkader

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Diet of desert tortoises at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, and implications for habitat reclamation  

SciTech Connect

The diet of desert tortoises at Yucca Mountain was assessed during 1992 to 1995 using a combination of feeding observations and scat analysis. Feeding observation data (1993 through 1995) showed that tortoises fed on a wide variety of items. The most frequently eaten items were forbs and annual grasses. These two forage groups comprised more than 90% of all bites taken. Analysis of scat (1992 and 1993) also showed that grasses and forbs were the most common groups, making up more than 80% of the composition of scat. Yearly differences between proportions of species in the diet were observed and were most likely attributable to differences in plant productivity, which is linked to rainfall patterns. Non-native species were an important component of the diet in all years, accounting for 13 to 50% of all bites observed and 6 to 24% of scat contents. A list of all items encountered in the diet is provided. To facilitate reclamation of desert tortoise habitat disturbed by the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project, native forage species that should be included in reclamation seed mixes, when feasible, were identified. Although shrubs make up only a small proportion of the diet, they should also be included in reclamation efforts because they provide habitat structure. Tortoise cover sites, and microhabitats amenable to seed germination and seedling establishment. In addition, non-native species should not be planted on reclaimed sites and, if necessary, sites should be recontoured and soil compaction reduced prior to planting.

Rakestraw, D.L.; Holt, E.A.; Rautenstrauch, K.R.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Desert Sunlight is Shining Example of How DOE Loan Guarantees Helped Launch Utility-scale PV Solar Market  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

LPO helped finance the first five utility-scale PV projects larger than 100 MW in the U.S. With Desert Sunlight now fully operational, all five projects are online, generating clean electricity and repaying loans. The initial investments made by LPO helped build a market that subsequently financed an additional 17 projects larger than 100 MW without help from the Department.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vieux desert band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

ARM - Campaign Instrument - s-band-profiler  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govInstrumentss-band-profiler govInstrumentss-band-profiler Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : NOAA S-band (2835 Mhz) Profiler (S-BAND-PROFILER) Instrument Categories Cloud Properties, Atmospheric Profiling Campaigns CRYSTAL-FACE [ Download Data ] Off Site Campaign : various, including non-ARM sites, 2002.06.26 - 2002.08.01 Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment (MC3E): Multi-Frequency Profilers [ Download Data ] Southern Great Plains, 2011.04.22 - 2011.06.06 Tropical Warm Pool - International Cloud Experiment (TWP-ICE) [ Download Data ] Tropical Western Pacific, 2006.01.21 - 2006.02.13 Primary Measurements Taken The following measurements are those considered scientifically relevant. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers for the list of all available

142

Rotational band properties in {sup 165}Er  

SciTech Connect

High-spin states in {sup 165}Er have been studied experimentally using the {sup 160}Gd({sup 9}Be, 4n) reaction at beam energies of 42 and 45 MeV. The previously known bands based on the 5/2{sup +}[642], 5/2{sup -}[523], and 11/2{sup -}[505] configurations are extended to (49/2{sup +}), (45/2{sup -}), and (31/2{sup -}) states, respectively. The rotational bands in {sup 165}Er generally show gradual alignment processes, indicating strong band interactions associated with the i{sub 13/2} neutron alignments. The band properties are compared with those in the neighboring nuclei and discussed within the framework of the cranked shell model.

Wang, S. T. [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Zhou, X. H.; Zhang, Y. H.; Zheng, Y.; Liu, M. L.; Chen, L.; Zhang, N. T.; Hua, W.; Guo, S.; Qiang, Y. H.; Li, G. S.; Ding, B. [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Shi, Y.; Xu, F. R. [School of Physics, and State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

143

Precipitation Banding in Idealized Baroclinic Waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Moist idealized baroclinic-wave simulations show the development of precipitation bands from a zonally uniform initial midlatitude jet. For a frictionless lower boundary, and with no latent-heat release or surface heat and moisture fluxes, warm ...

Jesse Norris; Geraint Vaughan; David M. Schultz

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Efficient Band Gap Prediction for Solids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An efficient method for the prediction of fundamental band gaps in solids using density functional theory (DFT) is proposed. Generalizing the Delta self-consistent-field (?SCF [delta SCF]) method to infinite solids, the ...

Chan, Maria K.

145

Control Banding and Nanotechnology Synergist  

SciTech Connect

The average Industrial Hygienist (IH) loves a challenge, right? Okay, well here is one with more than a few twists. We start by going through the basics of a risk assessment. You have some chemical agents, a few workers, and the makings of your basic exposure characterization. However, you have no occupational exposure limit (OEL), essentially no toxicological basis, and no epidemiology. Now the real handicap is that you cannot use sampling pumps, cassettes, tubes, or any of the media in your toolbox, and the whole concept of mass-to-dose is out the window, even at high exposure levels. Of course, by the title, you knew we were talking about nanomaterials (NM). However, we wonder how many IHs know that this topic takes everything you know about your profession and turns it upside down. It takes the very foundations that you worked so hard in college and in the field to master and pulls it out from underneath you. It even takes the gold standard of our profession, the quantitative science of exposure assessment, and makes it look pretty darn rusty. Now with NM there is the potential to get some aspect of quantitative measurements, but the instruments are generally very expensive and getting an appropriate workplace personal exposure measurement can be very difficult if not impossible. The potential for workers getting exposures, however, is very real, as evidenced by a recent publication reporting worker exposures to polyacrylate nanoparticles in a Chinese factory (Song et al. 2009). With something this complex and challenging, how does a concept as simple as Control Banding (CB) save the day? Although many IHs have heard of CB, most of their knowledge comes from its application in the COSHH Essentials toolkit. While there is conflicting published research on COSHH Essentials and its value for risk assessments, almost all of the experts agree that it can be useful when no OELs are available (Zalk and Nelson 2008). It is this aspect of CB, its utility with uncertainty, that attracted international NM experts to recommend this qualitative risk assessment approach for NM. However, since their CB recommendation was only in theory, we took on the challenge of developing a working toolkit, the CB Nanotool (see Zalk et al. 2009 and Paik et al. 2008), as a means to perform a risk assessment and protect researchers at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. While it's been acknowledged that engineered NM have potentially endless benefits for society, it became clear to us that the very properties that make nanotechnology so useful to industry could also make them dangerous to humans and the environment. Among the uncertainties and unknowns with NM are: the contribution of their physical structure to their toxicity, significant differences in their deposition and clearance in the lungs when compared to their parent material (PM), a lack of agreement on the appropriate indices for exposure to NM, and very little background information on exposure scenarios or populations at risk. Part of this lack of background information can be traced to the lack of risk assessments historically performed in the industry, with a recent survey indicating that 65% of companies working with NM are not doing any kind of NM-specific risk assessment as they focus on traditional PM methods for IH (Helland et al. 2009). The good news is that the amount of peer-reviewed publications that address environmental, health and safety aspects of NM has been increasing over the last few years; however, the percentage of these that address practical methods to reduce exposure and protect workers is orders of magnitude lower. Our intent in developing the CB Nanotool was to create a simplified approach that would protect workers while unraveling the mysteries of NM for experts and non-experts alike. Since such a large part of the toxicological effects of both the physical and chemical properties of NM were unknown, not to mention changing logarithmically as new NM research continues growing, we needed to account for this lack of information as part of the CB Nano

Zalk, D; Paik, S

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

146

High Field W-Band (95 GHz) EPR | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Field W-Band (95 GHz) EPR High Field W-Band (95 GHz) EPR The W-band pulsed EPR spectrometer, introduced in 2011, is one of only two of its design worldwide. It uses a Quasi-optical...

147

DOE/NV/10845 IT U S VECAS LIBRARY UC-703 I?. DESERT RESEARCH INSTITUTE  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

0845 0845 IT U S VECAS LIBRARY UC-703 I?. DESERT RESEARCH INSTITUTE 3 I 'UNIVERSITY OF . ? .NEVADA SYSTEM Jenny B. Chapman Sam L. Hokett EVALUATION OF GROUNDWATER MONITORING AT O F F S m NUCLEAR TEST AREAS March 1991 WATER RESOURCES CENTER Publication #45085 DISCLAIMER Portions of this document may be illegible in electronic image products. Images are produced from the best available original document. EVALUATION OF GROUNDWATER MONITORING AT OFFSITE NUCLEAR TEST AREAS b-r Jenny B. Chapman Sam L Hokett Water Resources Center Desett Research Institute University of Nevada System Publication X45085 prepared for Nevada Operations Office U . S . :Department of Energy IAS Vegas, Nevada March 1991 The work upon which this report is based was supported by the U . S

148

Analysis of radiation exposure, Task Force RAZOR. Exercise Desert Rock VI, Operation Teapot. Technical report  

SciTech Connect

The radiation dose to Task Force RAZOR personnel participating in Shot Apple II of Operation Teapot, Exercise Desert Rock VI, is reconstructed. Task force personnel were exposed to initial radiation while in their vehicles or in trenches at the time of Apple II detonation. They were also exposed to residual radiation during their subsequent manuever and during an inspection of the equipment display area. The calculated total gamma doses to fully-participating Task Force RAZOR personnel range from about 0.8 rem to 1.8 rem. The highest dose was received by personnel of the armored infantry platoon on right flank nearest ground zero. Internal radiation dose commitments to maximally exposed personnel inside vehicles are estimated to be about 0.4 rem to the thyroid, 0.003 rem to the whole body, and 0.002 rem to the bone.

Edwards, R.; Goetz, J.; Klemm, J.

1983-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

149

Computational study of atmospheric transfer radiation on an equatorial tropical desert (La Tatacoa, Colombia)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radiative transfer models explain and predict interaction between solar radiation and the different elements present in the atmosphere, which are responsible for energy attenuation. In Colombia there have been neither measurements nor studies of atmospheric components such as gases and aerosols that can cause turbidity and pollution. Therefore satellite images cannot be corrected radiometrically in a proper way. When a suitable atmospheric correction is carried out, loss of information is avoided, which may be useful for discriminating image land cover. In this work a computational model was used to find radiative atmospheric attenuation (300 1000nm wavelength region) on an equatorial tropical desert (La Tatacoa, Colombia) in order to conduct an adequate atmospheric correction.

Delgado-Correal, Camilo; Castao, Gabriel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Systematic Study of Electronic Phases, Band Gaps and Band Overlaps of Bismuth Antimony Nanowires  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have developed an iterative one dimensional model to study the narrow band-gap and the associated non-parabolic dispersion relations for bismuth antimony nanowires. An analytical approximation has also been developed. Based on the general model, we have developed, we have calculated and analyzed the electronic phase diagrams and the band-gap/band-overlap map for bismuth antimony nanowires, as a function of stoichiometry, growth orientation, and wire width.

Shuang Tang; Mildred Dresselhaus

2013-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

151

Band-Gap Engineering of Carbon Nanotubes with Grain Boundaries...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Band-Gap Engineering of Carbon Nanotubes with Grain Boundaries. Band-Gap Engineering of Carbon Nanotubes with Grain Boundaries. Abstract: Structure and electronic properties of...

152

Highly Mismatched Alloys for Intermediate Band Solar Cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

single-junction intermediate band solar cells. Figure 5:conversion efficiency for a solar cell fabricated from a Znfor Intermediate Band Solar Cells W. Walukiewicz 1 , K. M.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Thermochronometric Investigation of Multiple Unconformities and Post-depositional Thermal History of a Fault Block in the Northern Western Desert, Egypt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Detrital apatite and zircon (U-TH)/He analysis across a recently discovered unconformity in the Western Desert of Egypt provides new insight into the tectonic evolution of northeastern Africa. The unconformity juxtaposes Cretaceous and Cambrian...

Glauser, Travis Robert

2010-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

154

Antiferromagnetism in Narrow-Band Solids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The single-band Hubbard Hamiltonian is examined in the limit of bandwidth much less than intraatomic Coulomb interaction of electrons. We make use of the canonical transformation and "spectral decomposition" of the electron creation operators proposed by Harris and Lange to write down a Green's function which describes electrons in the lower of the split bands of Hubbard's solution. The equation of motion is solved using the moment-conserving decoupling approximation of Tahir-Kheli and Jarrett. We find within our approximation that it is impossible to have an antiferromagnetic state for other than one electron per site. To remedy this defect of the single-band model, we investigate a simplified two-band model in the limit of intra-atomic Coulomb and exchange interaction much greater than the bandwidth, and find that antiferromagnetism is possible for the two nearly half-filled bands. We also discuss effects of the antiferromagnetic ordering on the conductivity in our simplified model and discuss applicability of the theory to real transition metals and transition-metal oxides.

J. B. Sokoloff

1970-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Energy Band Model Based on Effective Mass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work, we demonstrate an alternative method of deriving an isotropic energy band model using a one-dimensional definition of the effective mass and experimentally observed dependence of mass on energy. We extend the effective mass definition to anti-particles and particles with zero rest mass. We assume an often observed linear dependence of mass on energy and derive a generalized non-parabolic energy-momentum relation. The resulting non-parabolicity leads to velocity saturation at high particle energies. We apply the energy band model to free relativistic particles and carriers in solid state materials and obtain commonly used dispersion relations and experimentally confirmed effective masses. We apply the model to zero rest mass particles in graphene and propose using the effective mass for photons. Therefore, it appears that the new energy band model based on the effective mass can be applied to relativistic particles and carriers in solid state materials.

Viktor Ariel

2012-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

156

Radiative Heating in Underexplored Bands Campaign (RHUBC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bands Campaign (RHUBC) D. Turner and E. Mlawer RHUBC Breakout Session 2008 ARM Science Team Meeting 13 March, 2008 Norfolk, Virginia Motivation * Radiative heating/cooling in the mid-troposphere modulate the vertical motions of the atmosphere - This heating/cooling occurs primarily in water vapor absorption bands that are opaque at the surface * Approximately 40% of the OLR comes from the far-IR * Until recently, the observational tools were not available to evaluate the accuracy of the far-IR radiative transfer models - Spectrally resolved far-IR radiances, accurate PWV * Need to validate both clear sky (WV) absorption and cirrus scattering properties in these normally opaque bands Scientific Objectives * Conduct clear sky radiative closure studies in order to reduce uncertainties

157

System-level, Unified In-band and Out-of-band Dynamic Thermal Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and improve the reliability of systems. Our thermal control framework unifies temperature control mechanisms supply, etc.) to operate less efficiently. Third, high temperatures can trigger thermal emergenciesSystem-level, Unified In-band and Out-of-band Dynamic Thermal Control Dong Li* , Rong Ge** , Kirk

158

Band structure of doubly-odd nuclei around mass 130  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear structure of the doublet bands in the doubly-odd nuclei with mass A{approx}130 is studied in terms of a pair-truncated shell model. The model reproduces quite well the energy levels of the doublet bands and the electromagnetic transitions. The analysis of the electromagnetic transitions reveals new band structure of the doublet bands.

Higashiyama, Koji [Department of Physics, Chiba Institute of Technology, Narashino, Chiba 275-0023 (Japan); Yoshinaga, Naotaka [Department of Physics, Saitama University, Saitama City 338-8570 (Japan)

2011-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

159

Desert dust and anthropogenic aerosol interactions in the Community Climate System Model coupled-carbon-climate model  

SciTech Connect

Coupled-carbon-climate simulations are an essential tool for predicting the impact of human activity onto the climate and biogeochemistry. Here we incorporate prognostic desert dust and anthropogenic aerosols into the CCSM3.1 coupled carbon-climate model and explore the resulting interactions with climate and biogeochemical dynamics through a series of transient anthropogenic simulations (20th and 21st centuries) and sensitivity studies. The inclusion of prognostic aerosols into this model has a small net global cooling effect on climate but does not significantly impact the globally averaged carbon cycle; we argue that this is likely to be because the CCSM3.1 model has a small climate feedback onto the carbon cycle. We propose a mechanism for including desert dust and anthropogenic aerosols into a simple carbon-climate feedback analysis to explain the results of our and previous studies. Inclusion of aerosols has statistically significant impacts on regional climate and biogeochemistry, in particular through the effects on the ocean nitrogen cycle and primary productivity of altered iron inputs from desert dust deposition.

Mahowald, Natalie [Cornell University; Rothenberg, D. [Cornell University; Lindsay, Keith [National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR); Doney, Scott C. [Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution; Moore, Jefferson Keith [University of California, Irvine; Randerson, James T. [University of California, Irvine; Thornton, Peter E [ORNL; Jones, C. D. [Hadley Center, Devon, England

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

model strongly interacting particles as rubber bands.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

model strongly interacting particles as rubber bands. Nothing is perfect, of course. Some relativity, there is a tempta- tion to carry intelligent design to an ex- treme in which God wrote (recall Bohr's admonition, "Stop telling God what to do!"). The landscape picture derails this thinking

Hughes, Kim

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vieux desert band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

The Wave Band' Theory of Wireless Transmission  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... the tuned circuit, namely, that the really selective circuit does cut off the higher audio frequencies, generally explained by the cutting of the side bands What is actually ... its excitation has ceased. If it is excited by a carrier modulated by a high audio frequency, the persistence of its vibrations will not allow the amplitude of these to ...

A. A. NEWBOLD

1930-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

X-Band Photoinjector Beam Dynamics  

SciTech Connect

SLAC is studying the feasibility of using an X-band RF photocathode gun to produce low emittance bunches for applications such as a mono-energetic MeV {gamma} ray source (in collaboration with LLNL) and a photoinjector for a compact FEL. Beam dynamics studies are being done for a configuration consisting of a 5.5-cell X-band gun followed by several 53-cell high-gradient X-band accelerator structures. A fully 3D program, ImpactT, is used to track particles taking into account space charge forces, short-range longitudinal and transverse wakefields, and the 3D rf fields in the structures, including the quadrupole component of the couplers. The effect of misalignments of the various elements, including the drive-laser, gun, solenoid and accelerator structures, are evaluated. This paper presents these results and estimates of the expected bunch emittance vs cathode gradient, and the effects of mixing between the fundamental and off-frequency longitudinal modes. An X-band gun at SLAC has been shown to operate reliably with a 200 MV/m acceleration gradient at the cathode, which is nearly twice the 115 MV/m acceleration gradient in the LCLS gun. The higher gradient should roughly balance the space charge related transverse emittance growth for the same bunch charge but provide a 3-4 times shorter bunch length. The shorter length would make the subsequent bunch compression easier and allow for a more effective use of emittance exchange. Such a gun can also be used with an X-band linac to produce a compact FEL or g ray source that would require rf sources of only one frequency for beam generation and acceleration. The feasibility of using an X-band rf photocathode gun and accelerator structures to generate high quality electron beams for compact FELs and g ray sources is being studied at SLAC. Results from the X-band photoinjector beam dynamics studies are reported in this paper.

Zhou, Feng; /SLAC; Adolphsen, Chris; /SLAC; Ding, Yuantao; /SLAC; Li, Zenghai; /SLAC; Vlieks, Arnold; /SLAC

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

163

PLUTONIUM UPTAKE AND BEHAVIOR IN PLANTS OF THE DESERT SOUTHWEST: A PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT  

SciTech Connect

Eight species of desert vegetation and associated soils were collected from the Nevada National Security Site (N2S2) and analyzed for 238Pu and 239+240Pu concentrations. Amongst the plant species sampled were: atmospheric elemental accumulators (moss and lichen), the very slow growing, long-lived creosote bush and the rapidly growing, short-lived cheatgrass brome. The diversity of growth strategies provided insight into the geochemical behavior and bio-availability of Pu at the N2S2. The highest concentrations of Pu were measured in the onion moss (24.27 Bq kg-1 238Pu and 52.78 Bq kg-1 239+240Pu) followed by the rimmed navel lichen (8.18 Bq kg-1 and 18.4 Bq kg-1 respectively), pointing to the importance of eolian transport of Pu. Brome and desert globemallow accumulated between 3 and 9 times higher concentrations of Pu than creosote and sage brush species. These results support the importance of species specific elemental accumulation strategies rather than exposure duration as the dominant variable influencing Pu concentrations in these plants. Total vegetation elemental concentrations of Ce, Fe, Al, Sm and others were also analyzed. Strong correlations were observed between Fe and Pu. This supports the conclusion that Pu was accumulated as a consequence of the active accumulation of Fe and other plant required nutrients. Cerium and Pu are considered to be chemical analogs. Strong correlations observed in plants support the conclusion that these elements displayed similar geochemical behavior in the environment as it related to the biochemical uptake process of vegetation. Soils were also sampled in association with vegetation samples. This allowed for the calculation of a concentration ratio (CR). The CR values for Pu in plants were highly influenced by the heterogeneity of Pu distribution among sites. Results from the naturally occurring elements of concern were more evenly distributed between sample sites. This allowed for the development of a pattern of plant species that accumulated Ce, Sm, Fe and Al. The highest accumulators of these elements were onion moss, lichen flowed by brome. The lowest accumulators were creosote bush and fourwing saltbush. This ranked order corresponds to plant accumulations of Pu.

Caldwell, E.; Duff, M.; Ferguson, C.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Effects of simulated jet aircraft noise on heart rate and behavior of desert ungulates  

SciTech Connect

Many landscapes underlying military designated air spaces have been established as national parks, wildlife refuges, or wilderness areas. The juxtaposition of public, wilderness, and military uses has led to questions of compatibility between aircraft and wildlife. We evaluated the effects of simulated low-altitude jet aircraft noise on the behavior and heart rate of captive desert mule deer (n = 6) and mountain sheep (n - 5). We measured heart rate and behavior related to the number of simulated overflights (n = 112 overflights/season) during 3 seasons. The heart rates of ungulates increased related to dB levels during simulated overflights (P {le} 0.05), but they returned to pre-disturbance levels in 60-180 seconds. Animal behavior also changed during overflights but returned to pre-disturbance condition in {le}252 seconds (P {le} 0.005). All animal responses decreased with increased exposure suggesting that they habituated to simulated sound levels of low-altitude aircraft. 43 refs., 5 tabs.

Weisenberger, M.E.; Krausman, P.R.; Wallace, M.C. [Univ. Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States)] [and others

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Corrosion of Uranium in Desert Soil, with Application to GCD Source Term M  

SciTech Connect

Uranium fragments from the Sandia Sled Track were studied as analogues for weapons components and depleted uranium buried at the Greater Confinement Disposal (GCD) site in Nevada. The Sled Track uranium fragments originated as weapons mockups and counterweights impacted on concrete and soil barriers, and experienced heating and fragmentation similar to processes thought to affect the Nuclear Weapons Accident Residues (NWAR) at GCD. Furthermore, the Sandia uranium was buried in unsaturated desert soils for 10 to 40 years, and has undergone weathering processes expected to affect the GCD wastes. Scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and microprobe analyses of the fragments show rapid alteration from metals to dominantly VI-valent oxy-hydroxides. Leaching studies of the samples give results consistent with published U-oxide dissolution rates, and suggest longer experimental periods (ca. 1 year) would be required to reach equilibrium solution concentrations. Thermochemical modeling with the EQ3/6 code indicates that the uranium concentrations in solutions saturated with becquerelite could increase as the pore waters evaporate, due to changes in carbonate equilibria and increased ionic strength.

ANDERSON, HOWARD L.; BACA, JULIANNE; KRUMHANSL, JAMES L.; STOCKMAN, HARLAN W.; THOMPSON, MOLLIE E.

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Estimating Annual Precipitation in the Fenner Basin of the Eastern Mojave Desert, California  

SciTech Connect

Metropolitan Water District (MWD) of southern California and Cadiz Inc. investigated the feasibility of storing Colorado River water in groundwater aquifers of the eastern Mojave Desert as a future drought mitigation strategy. This culminated in the public release of the Cadiz Groundwater Storage and Dry-Year Supply program Draft EIR, which included pilot percolation studies, groundwater modeling, and precipitation/runoff analysis in the Fenner groundwater basin, which overlies the proposed storage site. The project proposes to store and withdrawal Colorado River water over a 50-year period, but will not exceed the natural replenishment rates of the groundwater basin. Several independent analyses were conducted to estimate the rates of natural groundwater replenishment to the Fenner Groundwater Basin which was included in the Draft EIR. The US Geologic Survey, Water Resources Division (WRD) officially submitted comments during public review and concluded that the natural groundwater replenishment rates calculated for the Draft EIR were too high. In the WRD review, they provided a much lower recharge calculation based on a Maxey-Eakin estimation approach. This approach estimates annual precipitation over an entire basin as a function of elevation, followed by calibration against annual recharge rates. Previous attempts to create precipitation-elevation functions in western Nevada have been difficult and result in large uncertainty. In the WRD data analysis, the effect of geographic scale on the precipitation-elevation function was overlooked. This contributed to an erroneous Maxey-Eakin recharge estimate.

Davisson, M.L.; Rose, T.P.

2000-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

167

Quantum-Dot Intermediate-Band Solar Cells with Inverted Band Alignment  

SciTech Connect

The intermediate-band concept was proposed over a decade ago as a possible route to increase the efficiency of single-junction solar cells. Despite a number of experimental attempts to realize this concept, no efficiency improvement over conventional single-junction solar cells has so far been demonstrated. This is likely due to the fact that the intermediate band itself acts to enhance electron-hole recombination. In this work we propose a novel intermediate-band solar-cell architecture based on doped semiconductor nanostructures having an inverted type-I band alignment with the surrounding host. The recombination of carriers in the nanostructures is prevented by ultra-fast charge transfer to the host, thereby removing the main obstacle to achieve high conversion efficiency.

Francheschetti, A.; Lany, S.; Bester, G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

X-Band RF Gun Development  

SciTech Connect

In support of the MEGa-ray program at LLNL and the High Gradient research program at SLAC, a new X-band multi-cell RF gun is being developed. This gun, similar to earlier guns developed at SLAC for Compton X-ray source program, will be a standing wave structure made of 5.5 cells operating in the pi mode with copper cathode. This gun was designed following criteria used to build SLAC X-band high gradient accelerating structures. It is anticipated that this gun will operate with surface electric fields on the cathode of 200 MeV/m with low breakdown rate. RF will be coupled into the structure through a final cell with symmetric duel feeds and with a shape optimized to minimize quadrupole field components. In addition, geometry changes to the original gun, operated with Compton X-ray source, will include a wider RF mode separation, reduced surface electric and magnetic fields.

Vlieks, Arnold; Dolgashev, Valery; Tantawi, Sami; /SLAC; Anderson, Scott; Hartemann, Fred; Marsh, Roark; /LLNL, Livermore

2012-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

169

S-Band Loads for SLAC Linac  

SciTech Connect

The S-Band loads on the current SLAC linac RF system were designed, in some cases, 40+ years ago to terminate 2-3 MW peak power into a thin layer of coated Kanthal material as the high power absorber [1]. The technology of the load design was based on a flame-sprayed Kanthal wire method onto a base material. During SLAC linac upgrades, the 24 MW peak klystrons were replaced by 5045 klystrons with 65+ MW peak output power. Additionally, SLED cavities were introduced and as a result, the peak power in the current RF setup has increased up to 240 MW peak. The problem of reliable RF peak power termination and RF load lifetime required a careful study and adequate solution. Results of our studies and three designs of S-Band RF load for the present SLAC RF linac system is discussed. These designs are based on the use of low conductivity materials.

Krasnykh, A.; Decker, F.-J.; /SLAC; LeClair, R.; /INTA Technologies, Santa Clara

2012-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

170

Anomalous Doppler effects in phononic band gaps  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Doppler effects in periodic acoustic media were studied theoretically and experimentally. Analytical formulas are derived using the Greens function formalism. We found that a far field observer cannot hear the sound inside a band gap from a stationary source, but a moving source can be heard even if the frequency is inside the gap, and the Doppler shifts can be inverted or anomalously large.

Xinhua Hu; Zhihong Hang; Jensen Li; Jian Zi; C. T. Chan

2006-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

171

Permanent magnet focused X-band photoinjector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact high energy photoelectron injector integrates the photocathode directly into a multicell linear accelerator with no drift space between the injection and the linac. High electron beam brightness is achieved by accelerating a tightly focused electron beam in an integrated, multi-cell, X-band rf linear accelerator (linac). The photoelectron linac employs a Plane-Wave-Transformer (PWT) design which provides strong cell-to-cell coupling, easing manufacturing tolerances and costs.

Yu, David U. L. (Rancho Palos Verdes, CA); Rosenzweig, James (Los Angeles, CA)

2002-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

172

Alternating parity bands in 87218Fr  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

States in doubly odd 218Fr have been studied using in-beam spectroscopy ?-?-? coincidence techniques mainly through the 209Bi(18O, 2?n) reaction at 94 MeV bombarding energy, using the 8? GASP-ISIS spectrometer at Legnaro. 218Fr shows a band structure, with interleaved states of alternating parities connected by enhanced E1 transitions. Tentative spin assignment and the relation between the structure of 218Fr and its isotone 220Ac is discussed.

M. E. Debray; M. A. Cardona; D. Hojman; A. J. Kreiner; M. Davidson; J. Davidson; H. Somacal; G. Levinton; D. R. Napoli; S. Lenzi; G. de Angelis; M. De Poli; A. Gadea; D. Bazzacco; C. Rossi-Alvarez; N. Medina

2000-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

173

Fabrication of photonic band gap materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for forming a periodic dielectric structure exhibiting photonic band gap effects includes forming a slurry of a nano-crystalline ceramic dielectric or semiconductor material and monodisperse polymer microspheres, depositing a film of the slurry on a substrate, drying the film, and calcining the film to remove the polymer microspheres therefrom. The film may be cold-pressed after drying and prior to calcining. The ceramic dielectric or semiconductor material may be titania, and the polymer microspheres may be polystyrene microspheres.

Constant, Kristen (Ames, IA); Subramania, Ganapathi S. (Ames, IA); Biswas, Rana (Ames, IA); Ho, Kai-Ming (Ames, IA)

2002-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

174

The Negative Parity Bands in $^{156}$Gd  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The high flux reactor of the Institut Laue-Langevin is the world most intense neutron source for research. Using the ultra high-resolution crystal spectrometers GAMS installed at the in-pile target position H6/H7 it is possible to measure nuclear state lifetimes using the Gamma Ray Induced Recoil (GRID) technique. In bent crystal mode, the spectrometers allow to perform spectroscopy with a dynamic range of up to six orders magnitude. At a very well collimated external neutron beam it is possible to install a highly efficient germanium detector array to obtain coincidences and angular correlations. The mentioned techniques were used to study the first two negative parity bands in $^{156}$Gd. These bands have been in the focus of interest since they seem to show signatures of a tetrahedral symmetry. A surprisingly high B(E2) value of about 1000 W.u. for the $4^- \\rightarrow 2^-$ transition was discovered. It indicates that the two first negative parity bands cannot be considered to be signature partners.

Michael Jentschel; Loic Sengele; Dominique Curien; Jerzy Dudek; Florent Haas

2014-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

175

Broad Band Photon Harvesting Biomolecules for Photovoltaics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the key principles of artificial photosynthesis for photovoltaic energy conversion. We demonstrate these principles by examining the operation of the so-called "dye sensitized solar cell" (DSSC) - a photoelectrochemical device which simulates the charge separation process across a nano-structured membrane that is characteristic of natural systems. These type of devices have great potential to challenge silicon semiconductor technology in the low cost, medium efficiency segment of the PV market. Ruthenium charge transfer complexes are currently used as the photon harvesting components in DSSCs. They produce a relatively broad band UV and visible response, but have long term stability problems and are expensive to manufacture. We suggest that a class of biological macromolecules called the melanins may be suitable replacements for the ruthenium complexes. They have strong, broad band absorption, are chemically and photochemically very stable, can be cheaply and easily synthesized, and are also bio-available and bio-compatible. We demonstrate a melanin-based regenerative solar cell, and discuss the key properties that are necessary for an effective broad band photon harvesting system.

P. Meredith; B. J. Powell; J. Riesz; R. Vogel; D. Blake; I. Kartini; G. Will; S. Subianto

2004-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

176

Potential ways of thinking about the shear-banding phenomenon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shear-banding is a curious but ubiquitous phenomenon occurring in soft matter. The phenomenological similarities between the shear-banding transition and phase transitions has pushed some researchers to adopt a thermodynamical ...

Fardin, M. A.

177

Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene Print Wednesday, 26 March 2008 00:00 Prospective challengers to...

178

Excitation of Banded Whistler Waves in the Magnetosphere  

SciTech Connect

Banded whistler waves can be generated by the whistler anisotropy instability driven by two bi-Maxwellian electron components with T{sub {perpendicular}}/T{sub {parallel}} > 1 at different T{sub {parallel}} For typical magnetospheric condition of 1 < {omega}{sub e}/{Omega}{sub e} < 5 in regions associated with strong chorus, upper-band waves can be excited by anisotropic electrons below {approx} 1 keV, while lower-band waves are excited by anisotropic electrons above {approx} 10 keV. Lower-band waves are generally field-aligned and substantially electromagnetic, while upper-band waves propagate obliquely and have quasi-electrostatic fluctuating electric fields. The quasi-electrostatic feature of upper-band waves suggests that they may be more easily identified in electric field observations than in magnetic field observations. Upper-band waves are liable to Landau damping and the saturation level of upperband waves is lower than lower-band waves, consistent with observations that lower-band waves are stronger than upper-band waves on average. The oblique propagation, the lower saturation level, and the more severe Landau damping together would make upper-band waves more tightly confined to the geomagnetic equator (|{lambda}{sub m}| < {approx}10{sup o}) than lower-band waves.

Gary, S. Peter [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Liu, Kaijun [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Winske, Dan [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

179

Coriolis Interaction Between Three Nilsson Bands in Pa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

By comparing new experimental results with calculations, it is shown that the levels above the [5,- 3, 0] ground-state band in Pa233 and Pa231 may be interpreted as resulting from the +[6, 6, 0], the 32+[6,5,1], and the 52+[6,4,2] bands involved in a three-band Coriolis interaction.

W. Hoekstra and A. H. Wapstra

1969-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

180

Neogene to Quaternary tectonics of the Garlock Fault and the Eastern California shear zone in the northern Mojave Desert, California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neogene to Quaternary tectonics of the Garlock Fault and the Eastern California shear zone in the northern Mojave Desert, California By Copyright 2012 William Michael Rittase B.S. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2004 M... & The Southern Slate Range Figure 3.4 Structural & Stratigraphic Cross-Sections A-A, B-B, C-C & D-D Figure 3.5 Generalized East-West Stratigraphic Cross-Section Through Northern Pilot Knob Valley Figure 3.6 Annotated Field Photographs Of Pilot Knob...

Rittase, William Michael

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

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181

Analysis of radiation exposure, Third Marine Corps Provisional Atomic Exercise Brigade. Exercise Desert Rock VI, Operation Teapot. Technical report  

SciTech Connect

The radiation dose is reconstructed for 3d MCPAEB personnel participating in exercises involving helicopter-lifted assaults in conjunction with Shot Bee of Operation Teapot, Exercise Desert Rock VI. Brigade personnel were exposed to initial radiation while in trenches at the time of the Shot Bee detonation. They were also exposed to residual radiation from an earlier test shot (Shot Turk) during their subsequent maneuvers and to residual radiation from Shot Bee during an inspection of equipment displays. The calculated total gamma doses to the bulk of the participating troops range from about 0.57-0.85 rem.

Goetz, J.; Klemm, J.; Ortlieb, E.

1984-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

182

An X-band overmoded relativistic klystron  

SciTech Connect

An X-band overmoded relativistic klystron is proposed, the operation mode of which is the TM{sub 02} mode. The drift tube could not cut off the TM{sub 01} mode; isolating the buncher cavity from the input cavity is achieved by introducing a sectional RF lossy material. Microwaves are extracted from the modulated electron beam using a cylindrical waveguide, rather than a coaxial waveguide; thereby, the output structure is significantly simplified. Particle-in-cell simulations show that microwaves with power of 1.28?GW and frequency of 9.30?GHz can be obtained, corresponding to an efficiency of 32% and relative bandwidth of about 8%.

Xiao, Renzhen; Chen, Changhua; Li, Jiawei; Bai, Xianchen [Science and Technology on High Power Microwave Laboratory, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China); Deng, Yuqun [Science and Technology on High Power Microwave Laboratory, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China); Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

183

W-Band Sheet Beam Klystron Design  

SciTech Connect

Sheet beam devices provide important advantages for very high power, narrow bandwidth RF sources like accelerator klystrons [1]. Reduced current density and increased surface area result in increased power capabi1ity, reduced magnetic fields for focusing and reduced cathode loading. These advantages are offset by increased complexity, beam formation and transport issues and potential for mode competition in the ovennoded cavities and drift tube. This paper will describe the design issues encountered in developing a 100 kW peak and 2 kW average power sheet beam k1ystron at W-band including beam formation, beam transport, circuit design, circuit fabrication and mode competition.

Scheitrum, G.; Caryotakis, G.; Burke, A.; Jensen, A.; Jongewaard, E.a Krasnykh, A.; Neubauer, M.; Phillips, R.; Rauenbuehler, K.; /SLAC

2011-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

184

Band magnetism in the Hubbard model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A self-consistent moment method is applied to the Hubbard model in order to find out under what circumstances spontaneous band magnetism may occur. The theory is formulated for a two-sublattice structure to treat simultaneously para-, ferro-, and antiferromagnetic systems. The starting point is a two-pole ansatz for the one-electron spectral density, the free parameters of which are fitted by equating exactly calculated spectral moments. All correlation functions appearing in the moments can be expressed by the spectral density, guaranteeing therewith a closed system of equations, which can be solved self-consistently for the average particle numbers ?ni?? and ?ni??. A T=0 phase diagram is presented in terms of band occupation n (0?n?2) and Coulomb interaction U. Ferromagnetic solutions appear only if n exceeds a critical occupation ncFM and U a minimum value Umin. For antiferromagnetic solutions a critical U does not exist, but a critical band occupation ncAFM does.Antiferromagnetism is stable in a restricted region of n around n=1, which is broadest for intermediate couplings (U/W?1, W being the Bloch bandwidth) and shrinks to the n=1 axis for strong couplings (U/W??). For smaller n, but n>ncFM and sufficiently high U (U>W), ferromagnetism is stable, while for low band occupations the system is paramagnetic irrespective of U. The critical temperatures TC and TN are strongly U and n dependent. For fixed n, TC increases with U, but saturates for U?? at finite values (500800 K), while TN has a maximum at an intermediate U value (U?W). First-order as well as second-order transitions are observed. Ferromagnetic order arises mainly because of a shift of ? and ? quasiparticle subbands. In antiferromagnets, corresponding ? and ? subbands occupy exactly the same energy regions, but with different state densities. The magnetic behavior of the Hubbard model can be understood as a direct consequence of the sensitive (T,n,U) dependence of the quasiparticle density of states, which is therefore discussed in detail.

W. Nolting and W. Borgiel/

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Band Structure of {sup 85}Sr  

SciTech Connect

High spin states in {sup 85}Sr were populated using the reaction {sup 76}Ge({sup 13}C, 4n) at a beam energy of 52 MeV. Gamma-gamma coincidence measurements along with investigation of directional correlation ratios were utilized to establish the extended level scheme upto I{sup {pi}}= (35/2{sup -}). One of the positive parity states observed at 3383.3 keV ((I{sup {pi}}= 19/2{sup (+)}) may be considered as a magnetic rotational ({Delta}I = 1) band, the negative parity states built on 3028.0 level show an irregular behaviour and does not exhibit magnetic rotation.

Kumar, Suresh; Mandal, S. K. [Department of Physics and Astrophysics, University of Delhi, Delhi-110007 (India); Jain, A. K. [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee-247667 (India); Chaturvedi, L. [Guru Ghasidas University, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh-495009 (India); Sinha, Rishi Kumar [Department of Physics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221005 (India); Negi, Dinesh; Dhal, Ankul; Kumar, R.; Singh, R. P.; Muralithar, S.; Bhowmik, R. K.; Pancholi, S. C. [Inter University Accelerator Centre, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, Delhi-110067 (India)

2010-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

186

Ideal Soliton Environment Using Parametric Band Gaps  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Simultaneous solitary wave solutions for laser propagation in nonlinear parametric media with up to ( 3+1) dimensions are proved to exist. The combination of the large dispersion of a Bragg grating and the strong nonlinearity of ?(2) optical material results in stable behavior with short interaction distances and low power requirements. The solutions are obtained by using the effective mass approximation to reduce the coupled propagation equations to those describing a dispersive parametric nonlinear waveguide, and are verified by solving the complete set of coupled band-gap equations numerically.

H. He and P. D. Drummond

1997-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

187

The effects of enforcement on the behavior of citizen band and non-citizen band radio equipped vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE EFFECTS OF ENFORCEMENT ON 1HE BEHAVIOR OF CITIZEN BAND AND NON-CITIZEN BAND RADIO EQUIPPED VEHICLES A Thesis by Donald Ray Harrison Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University i n partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1978 Major Subject: Industrial Engineering THE EFFECTS OF ENFORCEMENT ON THE BEHAVIOR OF CITIZEN BAND AND NON ? CITIZEN BAND RADIO EQUIPPED VEHICLES A Thesis by DONALD RAY HARRISON Approved as to style and content...

Harrison, Donald Ray

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

188

Rotational bands with identical transition energies in actinide nuclei  

SciTech Connect

We point out the existence of ground-state rotational bands with identical transition energies (up to spin 8{h bar}) in {sup 240}Pu, {sup 244}Cm, {sup 246}Cm, and {sup 250}Cf. The corresponding transitions in the ground-state bands of {sup 236}U and {sup 238}U have identical energies (within {similar to}2 keV) up to spin 24{h bar}. These features are very similar to those recently observed for superdeformed bands in the mass-150 and mass-190 regions and suggest that the phenomenon of identical bands is not restricted to superdeformed bands.

Ahmad, I.; Carpenter, M.P.; Chasman, R.R.; Janssens, R.V.F.; Khoo, T.L. (Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois (USA))

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL COLONIZATION OF LARREA TRIDENTATA AND AMBROSIA DUMOSA ROOTS VARIES WITH PRECIPITATION AND SEASON IN THE MOJAVE DESERT  

SciTech Connect

The percentage of fine roots colonized by arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi varied with season and with species in the co-dominant shrubs Lurreu tridentutu and Ambrosia dumosu at a site adjacent to the Nevada Desert FACE (Free-Air CO{sub 2} Enrichment) Facility (NDFF) in the Mojave Desert. We excavated downward and outward from the shrub bases in both species to collect and examine fine roots (< 1.0 mm diameter) at monthly intervals throughout 2001 and from October 2002 to September 2003. Fungal structures became visible in cleared roots stained with trypan blue. We quantified the percent colonization of roots by AM fungi via the line intercept method. In both years and for both species, colonization was highest in fall, relatively low in spring when root growth began, increased in late spring, and decreased during summer drought periods. Increases in colonization during summer and fall reflect corresponding increases in precipitation. Spring mycorrhizal colonization is low despite peaks in soil water availability and precipitation, indicating that precipitation is not the only factor influencing mycorrhizal colonization. Because the spring decrease in mycorrhizal colonization occurs when these shrubs initiate a major flush of fine root growth, other phenological events such as competing demands for carbon by fine root initiation, early season shoot growth, and flowering may reduce carbon availability to the fungus, and hence decrease colonization. Another possibility is that root growth exceeds the rate of mycorrhizal colonization.

M. E. APPLE; C. I. THEE; V. L. SMITH-LONGOZO; C. R. COGAR; C. E. WELLS; R. S. NOWAK

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Diagenetic origin of ironstone crusts in the Lower Cenomanian Bahariya Formation, Bahariya Depression, Western Desert, Egypt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, a new interpretation of the ironstone crusts of the Bahariya Formation as late diagenetic products is provided. The siliciclastic Lower Cenomanian Bahariya Formation outcropping in the northern part of the Bahariya Depression (Western Desert, Egypt) is subdivided into three informal units that are mainly composed of thinly laminated siltstone, cross-bedded and massive sandstone, fossiliferous sandstone/sandy limestone and variegated shale. Abundant ironstone crusts occur preferentially within its lower and upper units but are absent in the middle unit. The ironstone crusts show selective replacement of carbonate components, including calcretes, by iron oxyhydroxides. More permeable parts of the terrigenous beds such as burrow traces, subaerial exposure surfaces, concretionary features and soft-sediment deformation structures led to heterogeneous distribution of the iron oxyhydroxides. A variety of diagenetic minerals, where goethite and hematite are the main end-products, were characterized by mineralogical analysis (XRD), petrography and SEM observation, and geochemical determinations (EMPA). Other diagenetic minerals include Fe-dolomite/ankerite, siderite, manganese minerals, barite, silica, illite/smectite mixed-layer, and bitumen. These minerals are interpreted to be formed in different diagenetic stages. Some minerals, especially those formed during eodiagenesis, show features indicative of biogenic activity. During burial, dolomite and ankerite replaced preferentially the depositional carbonates and infilled secondary porosity as well. Also during mesodiagenesis, the decomposition of organic matter resulted in the formation of bitumen and created reducing conditions favorable for the mobilization of iron-rich fluids in divalent stage. Telodiagenesis of the Cenomanian Bahariya deposits took place during the TuronianSantonian uplift of the region. This resulted in partial or total dissolution of Fe-dolomite and ankerite which was concomitant to iron oxyhydroxide precipitation upon mixing with shallow oxygenated water. Circulation of reducing iron-rich fluids through fractures and inter and intrastratal discontinuities is proposed as an alternative model to explain the controversial source of iron for the ironstone crusts of the Bahariya Formation. The origin of iron-rich fluids is probably related to the basement rocks. The provided model relates the fluid movements through fractures and discontinuities with the preferential replacement of carbonates. This combination of processes is consistent with the heterogeneous geometries and the wide distribution of the ironstones.

A.M. Afify; M.E. Sanz-Montero; J.P. Calvo; H.A. Wanas

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

A Calibrated Maxey-Eakin Curve for the Fenner Basin of the Eastern Mojave Desert, California  

SciTech Connect

Metropolitan Water District (MWD) of southern California and Cadiz Inc. investigated the feasibility of storing Colorado River water in groundwater aquifers of the eastern Mojave Desert as a future drought mitigation strategy. This culminated in the public release of the Cadiz Groundwater Storage and Dry-Year Supply program Draft EIR, which included pilot percolation studies, groundwater modeling, and precipitation/runoff analysis in the Fenner groundwater basin, which overlies the proposed storage site. The project proposes to store and withdrawal Colorado River water over a 50-year period, but will not exceed the natural replenishment rates of the groundwater basin. Several independent analyses were conducted to estimate the rates of natural groundwater replenishment to the Fenner Groundwater Basin, which was included in the Draft EIR. The US Geologic Survey, Water Resources Division (WRD) officially submitted comments during public review and concluded that the natural groundwater replenishment rates calculated for the Draft EIR were too high. In the WRD review, they provided a much lower recharge calculation based on a Maxey-Eakin estimation approach. This approach estimates annual precipitation over an entire basin as a function of elevation, followed by calibration against annual recharge rates. Recharge rates are estimated on the basis that some fraction of annual precipitation will recharge, and that fraction will increase with increasing elevation. This results in a hypothetical curve relating annual groundwater recharge to annual precipitation. Field validation of recharge rates is critical in order to establish credibility to any estimate. This is due to the fact that the Maxey-Eakin model is empirical. An empirical model is derived from practical experience rather than basic theory. Therefore, a validated Maxey-Eakin model in one groundwater basin does not translate to a different one. In the WRD's Maxey-Eakin model, they used a curve calibrated against three locations in western Nevada and applied it to the Fenner Basin. It is of particular importance to note that all three of the WRD's location are west of longitude 116{sup o}W, where annual precipitation is significantly lower. Therefore, The WRD's Maxey-Eakin curve was calibrated to a drier climate, and its application to the Fenner Basin lacks credibility.

Davisson, M.L.; Rose, T.P.

2000-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

192

Eastern Band of Cherokee Strategic Energy Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians was awarded a grant under the U.S. Department of Energy Tribal Energy Program (TEP) to develop a Tribal Strategic Energy Plan (SEP). The grant, awarded under the First Steps phase of the TEP, supported the development of a SEP that integrates with the Tribes plans for economic development, preservation of natural resources and the environment, and perpetuation of Tribal heritage and culture. The Tribe formed an Energy Committee consisting of members from various departments within the Tribal government. This committee, together with its consultant, the South Carolina Institute for Energy Studies, performed the following activities: Develop the Tribes energy goals and objectives Establish the Tribes current energy usage Identify available renewable energy and energy efficiency options Assess the available options versus the goals and objectives Create an action plan for the selected options

Souther Carolina Institute of energy Studies-Robert Leitner

2009-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

193

Wide band stepped frequency ground penetrating radar  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A wide band ground penetrating radar system (10) embodying a method wherein a series of radio frequency signals (60) is produced by a single radio frequency source (16) and provided to a transmit antenna (26) for transmission to a target (54) and reflection therefrom to a receive antenna (28). A phase modulator (18) modulates those portion of the radio frequency signals (62) to be transmitted and the reflected modulated signal (62) is combined in a mixer (34) with the original radio frequency signal (60) to produce a resultant signal (53) which is demodulated to produce a series of direct current voltage signals (66) the envelope of which forms a cosine wave shaped plot (68) which is processed by a Fast Fourier Transform unit 44 into frequency domain data (70) wherein the position of a preponderant frequency is indicative of distance to the target (54) and magnitude is indicative of the signature of the target (54).

Bashforth, Michael B. (Buellton, CA); Gardner, Duane (Santa Maria, CA); Patrick, Douglas (Santa Maria, CA); Lewallen, Tricia A. (Ventura, CA); Nammath, Sharyn R. (Santa Barbara, CA); Painter, Kelly D. (Goleta, CA); Vadnais, Kenneth G. (Alexandria, VA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

The Origin of the Mercury Bands at 2480A  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The group of eight mercury bands near 2480A was photographed under varied excitation conditions with the purpose of determining their origin. The source was a discharge through mercury vapor produced in a quartz tube through external electrodes by a low-voltage Tesla coil. Five tubes containing distilled mercury and commercial mercury arc lamp showed this group of bands. These bands were weakened by heat along with known mercury bands. The origin is undoubtedly some form of mercury molecule. The most probable forms are Hg2+ and Hg2. Five observations favor Hg2+ over Hg2. (1) These bands have never been observed in fluorescence. (2) The 2476 band is more intense than the 2345 Hg2 band under strong field excitation but weaker than 2345 under low field excitation. (3) No other bands with properties like those of the 2480 group have been observed in the mercury spectrum and Rayleigh has shown that these bands do not occur in absorption. (4) The bands in this group may be classified as sequences v?-v??=0123, and a lower limit for D of 0.3 volts estimated. (5) In the v?-v??=0 sequence, emission is observed from state v?=41 indicating molecules with very high vibrational energy. This energy may be supplied by the electric field if the emitter is an ion but not if it is a neutral molecule.

J. Gibson Winans

1932-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

195

Age constraints on the formation and emplacement of Neoproterozoic ophiolites along the AllaqiHeiani Suture, South Eastern Desert of Egypt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­Heiani Suture, South Eastern Desert of Egypt K.A. Ali a,d, , M.K. Azer b , H.A. Gahlan c , S.A. Wilde d , M., Richardson, TX 75080, USA b Geology Department, National Research Centre, Dokki-Cairo, Egypt c Geology Department, Faculty of Science, Assiut University, Assiut 71516, Egypt d Department of Applied Geology

Stern, Robert J.

196

New Mexico Water Resources Research Institute, New Mexico State University http://wrri.nmsu.edu Land application of industrial effluent on a Chihuahuan Desert  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, 2001). Little data are available on the use of native terrestrial ecosystems for waste- water treatmentNew Mexico Water Resources Research Institute, New Mexico State University http://wrri.nmsu.edu Land application of industrial effluent on a Chihuahuan Desert ecosystem: Impact on soil physical

Johnson, Eric E.

197

Lifetime measurements of Triaxial Strongly Deformed bands in $^{163}$Tm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the Doppler Shift Attenuation Method, quadrupole transition moments, $Q_t$, were determined for the two recently proposed Triaxial Strongly Deformed (TSD) bands in $^{163}$Tm. The measured $Q_t$ moments indicate that the deformation of these bands is larger than that of the yrast, signature partners. However, the measured values are smaller than those predicted by theory. This observation appears to be valid for TSD bands in several nuclei of the region

X. wang; R. V. F. Janssens; E. F. Moore; U. Garg; Y. Gu; S. Frauendorf; M. P. Carpenter; S. S. Ghugre; N. J. Hammond; T. Lauritsen; T. Li; G. Mukherjee; N. S. Pattabiraman; D. Seweryniak; S. Zhu

2007-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

198

Engineering the Electronic Band Structure for Multiband Solar Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using the unique features of the electronic band structure of GaNxAs1-x alloys, we have designed, fabricated and tested a multiband photovoltaic device. The device demonstrates an optical activity of three energy bands that absorb, and convert into electrical current, the crucial part of the solar spectrum. The performance of the device and measurements of electroluminescence, quantum efficiency and photomodulated reflectivity are analyzed in terms of the band anticrossing model of the electronic structure of highly mismatched alloys. The results demonstrate the feasibility of using highly mismatched alloys to engineer the semiconductor energy band structure for specific device applications.

N. Lpez; L. A. Reichertz; K. M. Yu; K. Campman; W. Walukiewicz

2011-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

199

Properties of the rotational bands in {sup 161}Er  

SciTech Connect

High-spin states in {sup 161}Er have been studied experimentally using the {sup 150}Nd({sup 16}O,5n) reaction at a beam energy of 86 MeV. The 5/2{sup +}[642], 3/2{sup -}[521], and 11/2{sup -}[505] bands are extended up to high-spin states, and particularly the {alpha}=-1/2 branch of the ground state 3/2{sup -}[521] band is revised significantly. The relatively enhanced E1 transitions from the 3/2{sup -}[521] band to the 5/2{sup +}[642] band are observed. The band properties are analyzed within the framework of a triaxial particle-rotor model, and near-prolate shape and triaxial deformation are proposed to the 3/2{sup -}[521] and 5/2{sup +}[642] bands, respectively. Signature inversion occurs in the 3/2{sup -}[521] band after the band crossing in {sup 161}Er, and the systematics of the signature inversion associated with the 3/2{sup -}[521] configuration are discussed. By analyzing the properties of the relatively enhanced E1 transitions, it is found that the R(E1/E2) values show angular momentum dependence before the band crossing, and these enhanced E1 transitions could be attributed to octupole softness.

Chen, L.; Zhou, X. H.; Wang, S. T.; Zhang, N. T.; Zhou, H. B.; Li, G. S.; Wang, H. X.; Ding, B. [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Zhang, Y. H.; Zheng, Y.; Liu, M. L.; Ma, F.; Fang, Y. D.; Hua, W.; Guo, S.; Qiang, Y. H.; Lei, X. G.; Guo, Y. X. [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Zhu, L. H.; Wu, X. G. [China Institute of Atomic Energy, Beijing 102413 (China)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

200

Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene Print Prospective challengers to silicon, the long-reigning king of semiconductors for computer chips and other electronic...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vieux desert band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

ARM - Radiative Heating in Underexplored Bands Campaign-II (RHUBC...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Eli Mlawer, Principal Investigator Dave Turner, Principal Investigator Radiative Heating in Underexplored Bands Campaign-II (RHUBC-II) At an elevation of more than 5000...

202

ARM - Radiative Heating in Underexplored Bands Campaign (RHUBC...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contacts News ARM Press Release (Feb. 26, 2007) Images flickrdots Radiative Heating in Underexplored Bands Campaign (RHUBC) Now available: RHUBC-II website Between...

203

Method for Creating Photonic Band Gap Materials - Energy Innovation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a photonic band gap. These microstructures have the potential to change the way optoelectronic devices, such as photodiodes, LEDs, and integrated optical circuit elements, are...

204

Engineering the Electronic Band Structure for Multiband Solar Cells  

SciTech Connect

Using the unique features of the electronic band structure of GaNxAs1-x alloys, we have designed, fabricated and tested a multiband photovoltaic device. The device demonstrates an optical activity of three energy bands that absorb, and convert into electrical current, the crucial part of the solar spectrum. The performance of the device and measurements of electroluminescence, quantum efficiency and photomodulated reflectivity are analyzed in terms of the Band Anticrossing model of the electronic structure of highly mismatched alloys. The results demonstrate the feasibility of using highly mismatched alloys to engineer the semiconductor energy band structure for specific device applications.

Lopez, N.; Reichertz, L.A.; Yu, K.M.; Campman, K.; Walukiewicz, W.

2010-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

205

Annual Growth Bands in Hymenaea courbaril  

SciTech Connect

One significant source of annual temperature and precipitation data arises from the regular annual secondary growth rings of trees. Several tropical tree species are observed to form regular growth bands that may or may not form annually. Such growth was observed in one stem disk of the tropical legume Hymenaea courbaril near the area of David, Panama. In comparison to annual reference {Delta}{sup 14}C values from wood and air, the {Delta}{sup 14}C values from the secondary growth rings formed by H. courbaril were determined to be annual in nature in this one stem disk specimen. During this study, H. courbaril was also observed to translocate recently produced photosynthate into older growth rings as sapwood is converted to heartwood. This process alters the overall {Delta}{sup 14}C values of these transitional growth rings as cellulose with a higher {Delta}{sup 14}C content is translocated into growth rings with a relatively lower {Delta}{sup 14}C content. Once the annual nature of these growth rings is established, further stable isotope analyses on H. courbaril material in other studies may help to complete gaps in the understanding of short and of long term global climate patterns.

Westbrook, J A; Guilderson, T P; Colinvaux, P A

2004-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

206

Western Area Power Administration, Desert Southwest Region Parker-Gila 161-kV Transmission Line Maintenance, Cross Arm  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Parker-Gila 161-kV Transmission Line Maintenance, Cross Arm Parker-Gila 161-kV Transmission Line Maintenance, Cross Arm Replacements at Structure 0/7 - Continuation Sheet Special Conditions Biological Resources 1. To avoid impacts to nesting birds, project activities will be scheduled between August 1 and February 15, as feasible. Crews shall not cause injury or death to nesting birds, active nests, eggs, or nestlings. If evidence of a nesting bird is found in the project area, crews shall immediately stop work in that area until Western's Environmental Group has been contacted. 2. A qualified biologist will be present during all project activities and serve as the project's Biological Monitor. The Biological Monitor will be authorized by Western to temporarily halt construction activity if needed to prevent harm to desert tortoise. The Biological Monitor's

207

Analysis of radiation exposure for troop observers, Exercise Desert Rock VI, Operation Teapot. Final report 1 Mar-15 Jul 80  

SciTech Connect

The radiation doses to troop observers and volunteer observers for Exercise Desert Rock VI are reconstructed for each applicable shot of Operation Teapot (1955). Initial neutron and gamma radiation doses are determined from transport codes ATR4 and ATR4.1. Residual radiation contours and decay rates are established through a new automated procedure that utilizes raw data in regression analysis to fit space-time models. Troop operations data are combined with the radiological data to determine integrated dose. Uncertainties are calculated for each parameter. The volunteers received the highest observer--1.6 rem gamma and 4.5 rem neutron. The highest dose received by troop observers was 1.4 rem gamma and 1.4 rem neutron at Shot Tesla.

Goetz, J.; McGahan, J.; Kaul, D.; Weitz, R.; Klemm, J.

1980-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

208

Solar powered induction motor-driven water pump operating on a desert well, simulation and field tests  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A photovoltaic-powered water pumping system, employing an induction motor pump, capable of supplying a daily average of 50m3 at 37-m head has been developed. The system was installed on a desert well in Jordan, where: the average solar radiation amount to 5.5kWh/m3/day, to provide the Bedouins living in the well area with drinking water. A mathematical model to enable testing the system performance by computer simulation was developed. This model allows the representation of motor torque in function of speed (and slip) at different supply frequencies, as well as the flow rate and efficiency of the system in function of supply frequency and pumping head. Prior to its installation on the desert well, the system performance, in accordance with frequency and head, was thoroughly tested in the laboratory. As illustrated in this paper, simulation and laboratory testing results are well matched. At constant pumping head, the flow rate is proportional to the supply frequency of the motor. At constant flow rate, the pumping head is proportional to the supply frequency squared only in the range below the peak efficiency of the pump. For higher flow rate values, a special algorithm based on the experimental results could be developed. Higher system efficiency is achievable at higher frequency. It is advisable to operate the motor pump at the nominal frequency, flow rate and head corresponding to maximum efficiency. Long-term field testing of the system shows that it is reliable and has an overall efficiency exceeding 3%, which is comparable to the highest efficiencies reported elsewhere for solar powered pumps.

Abdel-Karim Daud; Marwan M. Mahmoud

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Band excitation method applicable to scanning probe microscopy  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods and apparatus are described for scanning probe microscopy. A method includes generating a band excitation (BE) signal having finite and predefined amplitude and phase spectrum in at least a first predefined frequency band; exciting a probe using the band excitation signal; obtaining data by measuring a response of the probe in at least a second predefined frequency band; and extracting at least one relevant dynamic parameter of the response of the probe in a predefined range including analyzing the obtained data. The BE signal can be synthesized prior to imaging (static band excitation), or adjusted at each pixel or spectroscopy step to accommodate changes in sample properties (adaptive band excitation). An apparatus includes a band excitation signal generator; a probe coupled to the band excitation signal generator; a detector coupled to the probe; and a relevant dynamic parameter extractor component coupled to the detector, the relevant dynamic parameter extractor including a processor that performs a mathematical transform selected from the group consisting of an integral transform and a discrete transform.

Jesse, Stephen; Kalinin, Sergei V

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

210

Electronic materials with a wide band gap: recent developments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Usually, semiconductors with a band gap Eg 3 eV or larger are called wide band gap materials. Their optical emission can span the whole of the visible spectrum, enabling the development of devices for solid-state lighting. In addition, a large Eg results in a high electrical breakthrough field, which is interesting for high-power electronics.

Klimm, D.

2014-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

211

BAND STRUCTURE AND OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF MAGNESIUM FLUORIDE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

595 BAND STRUCTURE AND OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF MAGNESIUM FLUORIDE C. JOUANIN, J. P. ALBERT and C'autres transitions expéri- mentales. Abstract. 2014 The electronic band structure of magnesium fluoride is calculated, only some qualitative investigations exist for the calcium and magnesium fluorides [1, 2]. This lack

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

212

Vibration-Rotation Bands of Allene-1. 1-d$_{2}$  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

24 February 1959 research-article Vibration-Rotation Bands of Allene-1. 1-d...the perpendicular bands to particular vibrations, some characteristic details of their...Coriolis interaction between B and B class vibrations, and the results are in general accord...

1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Vibration-Rotation Bands of Acetylene and the Molecular Dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

4 December 1956 research-article Vibration-Rotation Bands of Acetylene and the...constants in the isotopic acetylenes, some vibration-rotation bands of acetylene have been...The values for each of the molecular vibrations have been re-determined, taking into...

1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Spin Wave Energies in the Band Theory of Ferromagnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1967 research-article Spin Wave Energies in the Band Theory of Ferromagnetism...made of the coefficient C in the energy CK of a spin wave of small wave vector K in a ferromagnetic...with Nagaoka's work on spin wave energies in a nearly half-filled band...

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

THE INVERSE OF A SEMI-INFINITE SYMMETRIC BANDED MATRIX  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

algorithm 3]. The eigen- values and eigen-vectors for the nite symmetric tridiagonal case were obtainedTHE INVERSE OF A SEMI-INFINITE SYMMETRIC BANDED MATRIX D. A. LAVISy , B. W. SOUTHERNz and I. F a method for obtaining an analytic form for a class of sym- metric semi-in nite banded matrices, which are

Lavis, David

216

Analytical descriptions of the band structure of direct-band-gap zinc-blende-structure semiconductors in the k?p Kane model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the framework of the well-known k?p Kane band theory, accurate analytical approximations of conduction- and valence-band dispersion of direct-band-gap zinc-blende-structure semiconductors are derived when the spin-orbit-splitting energy does not exceed the band-gap energy. These approximations include the interactions with the remote bands. The expressions of the eigenfunctions are also obtained. The present analysis elucidates and unifies previous analytical band descriptions.

H.-J. Drouhin and J. Peretti

1991-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

217

Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene Print Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene Print Prospective challengers to silicon, the long-reigning king of semiconductors for computer chips and other electronic devices, have to overcome silicon's superb collection of materials properties as well as sophisticated fabrication technologies refined by six decades of effort by materials scientists and engineers. Graphene, one of the latest contenders, has a rather impressive list of features of its own but has lacked a key characteristic of all semiconductors, an energy gap (band gap) in its electronic band structure. A multi-institutional collaboration under the leadership of researchers with Berkeley Lab and the University of California, Berkeley, have now demonstrated that growing an epitaxial film of graphene on a silicon carbide substrate results in a significant band gap, 0.26 electron volts (eV), an important step toward making graphene useful as a semiconductor.

218

Electron Band Structure of Solid Methane: Ab Initio Calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The band structure of crystalline methane has been calculated in a linear-combination-of-molecular-orbitals approximation. In this molecular tight-binding method the Bloch sums are built up of Hartree-Fock orbitals of the free molecules. Interactions between the states of different molecules are calculated directly from molecular integrals without reducing the exchange interaction to an exchange potential. The approximations involved are shown to be well justified for a crystal made of closed-shell units. The band structure is obtained by solving secular equation in 400 points along the relevant symmetry lines. The calculated bands are relatively narrow, less than 2.5 eV wide, around the molecular levels. The band-to-band gap in solid methane is 24.5 eV. This value has the same order of magnitude as in solid rare gases.

Lucjan Piela; Luciano Pietronero; Raffaele Resta

1973-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

219

Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene Print Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene Print Prospective challengers to silicon, the long-reigning king of semiconductors for computer chips and other electronic devices, have to overcome silicon's superb collection of materials properties as well as sophisticated fabrication technologies refined by six decades of effort by materials scientists and engineers. Graphene, one of the latest contenders, has a rather impressive list of features of its own but has lacked a key characteristic of all semiconductors, an energy gap (band gap) in its electronic band structure. A multi-institutional collaboration under the leadership of researchers with Berkeley Lab and the University of California, Berkeley, have now demonstrated that growing an epitaxial film of graphene on a silicon carbide substrate results in a significant band gap, 0.26 electron volts (eV), an important step toward making graphene useful as a semiconductor.

220

Highly Mismatched Alloys for Intermediate Band Solar Cells  

SciTech Connect

It has long been recognized that the introduction of a narrow band of states in a semiconductor band gap could be used to achieve improved power conversion efficiency in semiconductor-based solar cells. The intermediate band would serve as a ''stepping stone'' for photons of different energy to excite electrons from the valence to the conduction band. An important advantage of this design is that it requires formation of only a single p-n junction, which is a crucial simplification in comparison to multijunction solar cells. A detailed balance analysis predicts a limiting efficiency of more than 50% for an optimized, single intermediate band solar cell. This is higher than the efficiency of an optimized two junction solar cell. Using ion beam implantation and pulsed laser melting we have synthesized Zn{sub 1-y}Mn{sub y}O{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} alloys with x<0.03. These highly mismatched alloys have a unique electronic structure with a narrow oxygen-derived intermediate band. The width and the location of the band is described by the Band Anticrossing model and can be varied by controlling the oxygen content. This provides a unique opportunity to optimize the absorption of solar photons for best solar cell performance. We have carried out systematic studies of the effects of the intermediate band on the optical and electrical properties of Zn{sub 1-y}Mn{sub y}O{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} alloys. We observe an extension of the photovoltaic response towards lower photon energies, which is a clear indication of optical transitions from the valence to the intermediate band.

Walukiewicz, W.; Yu, K.M.; Wu, J.; Ager III, J.W.; Shan, W.; Scrapulla, M.A.; Dubon, O.D.; Becla, P.

2005-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vieux desert band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Temperatures Indicated by Intensity Distributions in Band Spectra  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is generally supposed that the intensity of any particular line in a band spectrum may be calculated from the Maxwell-Boltzmann law, assuming the gas to be in temperature equilibrium. From the results of this experimental work, it appears that under some conditions of excitation other factors than the temperature of the gas govern the intensity distribution. Measurements on the negative bands of N2+ excited in low voltage arcs in the pure gas show that at 1100K and 2800K the distribution of intensities among the rotational lines is exactly the same, whilst the admixture of helium with nitrogen alters the distribution completely and gives a much lower indicated temperature. Similar results are found with the first negative bands of CO+. The differences are accounted for by the conversion of translational energy of the electrons into rotational energy of the molecules when the bands are excited by electron impacts in the pure gas. When the bands are excited by impacts of the second kind in gas mixtures, no change in rotational energy occurs and thus the indicated temperature is much lower. The distribution of intensity among the vibrational states of the molecules has been examined for the complete system of negative bands of N2+. While almost all of the energy is concentrated in the low vibration states when the bands are excited by electron impacts, the energy is spread out towards the higher vibration states when the excitation is by collisions of the second kind with metastable helium atoms.

O. S. Duffendack; R. W. Revans; A. S. Roy

1934-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

RECIPIENT:Desert Research Institute STATE:NV PROJECT Tall Tower Wind Energy Monitoring and Numerical Model Validation in Southern Nevada; NREl Tracking  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Desert Research Institute STATE:NV Desert Research Institute STATE:NV PROJECT Tall Tower Wind Energy Monitoring and Numerical Model Validation in Southern Nevada; NREl Tracking TITLE: No. 11-012 Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Procurement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number CID Number NREl-11-012 G010337 Based on my review of the information concerning the proposed action, as NEPA CompHance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 451.1A), I have made the following determination: CX, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: A9 Information gathering (including, but not limited to, literature surveys, inventories, audits), data analYSis (including computer modeling), document preparation (such as conceptual deSign or feasibility studies, analytical energy supply and demand studies), and dissemination (including, but not limited to, document mailings, publication, and distribution;

223

Shear Banding in an F-Actin Solution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report herein the first evidence that an F-actin solution shows shear banding, which is characterized by the spontaneous separation of homogeneous shear flow into two macroscopic domains of different definite shear rates. The constant shear stress observed in the F-actin solution is explained by the banded flow with volume fractions that obey the lever rule. Nonhomogenous reversible flows were observed in the F-actin solution with respect to upward and downward changes in the shear rate. This is the first time shear banding has been observed in a simple biomacromolecule. The biological implications and dynamic aspects of shear flow velocity characteristic patterns are discussed.

Itsuki Kunita; Katsuhiko Sato; Yoshimi Tanaka; Yoshinori Takikawa; Hiroshi Orihara; Toshiyuki Nakagaki

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

224

X-Band Photonic Band-Gap Accelerator Structure Breakdown Experiment  

SciTech Connect

In order to understand the performance of photonic band-gap (PBG) structures under realistic high gradient, high power, high repetition rate operation, a PBG accelerator structure was designed and tested at X band (11.424 GHz). The structure consisted of a single test cell with matching cells before and after the structure. The design followed principles previously established in testing a series of conventional pillbox structures. The PBG structure was tested at an accelerating gradient of 65 MV/m yielding a breakdown rate of two breakdowns per hour at 60 Hz. An accelerating gradient above 110 MV/m was demonstrated at a higher breakdown rate. Significant pulsed heating occurred on the surface of the inner rods of the PBG structure, with a temperature rise of 85 K estimated when operating in 100 ns pulses at a gradient of 100 MV/m and a surface magnetic field of 890 kA/m. A temperature rise of up to 250 K was estimated for some shots. The iris surfaces, the location of peak electric field, surprisingly had no damage, but the inner rods, the location of the peak magnetic fields and a large temperature rise, had significant damage. Breakdown in accelerator structures is generally understood in terms of electric field effects. These PBG structure results highlight the unexpected role of magnetic fields in breakdown. The hypothesis is presented that the moderate level electric field on the inner rods, about 14 MV/m, is enhanced at small tips and projections caused by pulsed heating, leading to breakdown. Future PBG structures should be built to minimize pulsed surface heating and temperature rise.

Marsh, Roark A.; /MIT /MIT /NIFS, Gifu /JAERI, Kyoto /LLNL, Livermore; Shapiro, Michael A.; Temkin, Richard J.; /MIT; Dolgashev, Valery A.; Laurent, Lisa L.; Lewandowski, James R.; Yeremian, A.Dian; Tantawi, Sami G.; /SLAC

2012-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

225

WI-TRIBE-STOCKBRIDGE-MUNSEE BAND OF MOHICAN INDIANS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

WI-TRIBE-STOCKBRIDGE-MUNSEE BAND OF MOHICAN INDIANS WI-TRIBE-STOCKBRIDGE-MUNSEE BAND OF MOHICAN INDIANS Location: Tribe WI-TRIBE- STOCKBRIDGE- MUNSEE BAND OF MOHICAN INDIANS WI American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Proposed Action or Project Description The Stockbridge-Munsee Band of Mohican Indians proposes to conduct energy efficient audits of residential and commerical buildings. Conditions: None Categorical Exclusion(s) Applied: A9, B5.1 *-For the complete DOE National Environmental Policy Act regulations regarding categorical exclusions, see Subpart D of 10 CFR10 21 This action would not: threaten a violation of applicable statutory, regulatory, or permit requirements for environment, safety, and health, including DOE and/or Executive Orders; require siting, construction, or major expansion of waste storage, disposal, recovery, or

226

CA-TRIBE-TUOLUMNE BAND OF MEWUK INDIANS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TRIBE-TUOLUMNE BAND OF MEWUK INDIANS TRIBE-TUOLUMNE BAND OF MEWUK INDIANS Location: Tribe CA-TRIBE- TUOLUMNE BAND OF MEWUK INDIANS CA American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Proposed Action or Project Description The Tuolumne Band of MeWuk Indians proposes to reduce their fossil fuel emissions through increased energy efficiency and the implementation of renewable energy where applicable. Currently, the Tribe has contracted with the Renewable and Appropriate Energy Laboratory (RAEL) of the University of California, Berkeley, to identify the most cost-effective opportunities for increased energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies. The Tribe proposes to use a portion of the funding to allocate funds to RAEL for technical consultant services to assist the Tribe in identifying, prioritizing, and coordinating site specific

227

ND-TRIBE-TURTLE MOUNTAIN BAND OF CHIPPEWA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ND-TRIBE-TURTLE MOUNTAIN BAND OF CHIPPEWA ND-TRIBE-TURTLE MOUNTAIN BAND OF CHIPPEWA Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program Location: Tribe ND-TRIBE-TURTLE MOUNTAIN BAND OF CHIPPEWA ND American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Proposed Action or Project Description The Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians of North Dakota propose to 1) explore the potential for wind energy development on the Reservation by soliciting expertise from an engineering company to determine the best option for tapping wind energy on the reservation for its public buildings and seek legal expertise to study legal barriers that may exist; 2) conduct energy audits and a feasibility study to determine if several sizeable public buildings have the potential to be sites for either district heating or a

228

?6 and ?8 infrared bands and force field of disilane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The infrared absorption spectrum of the ?6 and ?8 bands of disilane (Si2H6) was recorded at medium resolution (0.1-0.05 cm?1). A rotation analysis of the P(J) and R(J) structure of ?6 was carried out, yielding the band origin and information on the B constant of the ground and v6 = 1 states of the molecule, and on the DJ centrifugal distortion constant. About 400 transitions of the ?8 band were assigned and analysed, giving information on the band origin and the rotational constants of the v8 = 1 state. Using the new and previous information on the vibrational spectrum of Si2H6 and Si2D6, a force constant refinement was performed. Several force field models were tried and a discussion of the results is presented.

Aida Ben Altabef; Rafael Escribano

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Engineering the Electronic Band Structure for Multiband Solar Cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Band Structure for Multiband Solar Cells N. López 1 , L. A.a number of new concepts of solar cells have been proposed.successful approach several solar cells using semiconductors

Lopez, N.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

An X-Band Gun Test Area at SLAC  

SciTech Connect

The X-Band Test Area (XTA) is being assembled in the NLCTA tunnel at SLAC to serve as a test facility for new RF guns. The first gun to be tested will be an upgraded version of the 5.6 cell, 200 MV/m peak field X-band gun designed at SLAC in 2003 for the Compton Scattering experiment run in ASTA. This new version includes some features implemented in 2006 on the LCLS gun such as racetrack couplers, increased mode separation and elliptical irises. These upgrades were developed in collaboration with LLNL since the same gun will be used in an injector for a LLNL Gamma-ray Source. Our beamline includes an X-band acceleration section which takes the electron beam up to 100 MeV and an electron beam measurement station. Other X-Band guns such as the UCLA Hybrid gun will be characterized at our facility.

Limborg-Deprey, C.; Adolphsen, C.; Chu, T.S.; Dunning, M.P.; Jobe, R.K.; Jongewaard, E.N.; Hast, C.; Vlieks, A.E.; Wang, F.; Walz, D.R.; /SLAC; Marsh, R.A.; Anderson, S.G.; Hartemann, F.V.; Houck, T.L.; /LLNL, Livermore

2012-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

231

Synthesis of binary images from band-limited functions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Binary images usually are produced by clipping band-limited images generated through physical systems. We examine the conditions under which a prescribed image can be formed by this...

Nashold, Karen M; Rudin, Walter; Saleh, Bahaa E A; Bucklew, James A

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Direct observation of a dispersionless impurity band in hydrogenated graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show with angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy that a new energy band appears in the electronic structure of electron-doped hydrogenated monolayer graphene (H-graphene). Its occupation can be controlled with the ...

Haberer, D.

233

ARM - Field Campaign - Radiative Heating in Underexplored Bands...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govCampaignsRadiative Heating in Underexplored Bands Campaign (RHUBC) Campaign Links RHUBC Website ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us...

234

Band Gap Optimization of Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystals Using ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jul 10, 2009 ... the dielectric material and the wave vector. .... which SDP can be well applied, thanks to its efficiency and robustness of handling this type of ...... Band diagrams plotted in the figures below show the eigenvalues moving along...

2009-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

235

Substrate-induced band gap opening in epitaxial graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

H.A. Electronic states of graphene nanoribbons studied withS.G. Louie. Energy gaps in graphene nanoribbons. Phys. Rev.band-gap engineering of graphene nanoribbons. Phys. Rev.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

A New Electronic Band-System of BaCl  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... WE have recently had occasion to photograph the emission spectra of the flames from various pyrotechnic compositions containing barium and chlorine compounds. The well-known green and ultraviolet band-systems ...

R. F. BARROW; D. V. CRAWFORD

1946-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

237

Synthesis of electromagnetic modes in photonic band gap fibers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we report on the successful synthesis of three individual modes, HE11, TEo0, and TE02 for transmission in photonic band gap fibers at near infrared wavelengths. We measure the propagation losses of the HE11 ...

Hu, Qichao

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Environmental influences on skeletal banding in eastern Pacific (Panama) corals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The timing of skeletal band formation and concomitant changes in calcification rates and linear skeletal extension were investigated in Pavona...corals growing under two distinct thermal regimes along the Pacific...

Gerard M. Wellington; Peter W. Glynn

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Global estimation of precipitation using opaque microwave bands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes the use of opaque microwave bands for global estimation of precipitation rate. An algorithm was developed for estimating instantaneous precipitation rate for the Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU) ...

Chen, Frederick Wey-Min, 1975-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Shape coexistence and band crossings in Pt174  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High-spin states in Pt174 were populated via the Mo92(Sr84,2p) and Mo92(Sr84,2p2n) reactions. The ground-state band has been extended from I=14 to 24 (tentatively 26) and a new side band is observed up to a spin of 21 (tentatively 23). A low-frequency crossing is observed in the latter band at a rotational frequency that is similar to that seen in the ground-state band. The first and second i13?2 neutron alignments are also observed in Pt174. Surprisingly, these crossings occur at approximately the same frequency. Total Routhian surface and cranked shell model calculations are used in an attempt to understand this behavior.

J. TM. Goon; D. J. Hartley; L. L. Riedinger; M. P. Carpenter; F. G. Kondev; R. V. F. Janssens; K. H. Abu Saleem; I. Ahmad; H. Amro; J. A. Cizewski; C. N. Davids; M. Danchev; T. L. Khoo; A. Heinz; T. Lauritsen; W. C. Ma; G. L. Poli; J. Ressler; W. Reviol; D. Seweryniak; M. B. Smith; I. Wiedenhver; Jing-ye Zhang

2004-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vieux desert band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Phenomenological band structure model of magnetic coupling in semiconductors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Phenomenological band structure model of magnetic coupling in semiconductors Gustavo M. Dalpian a,1­18]. Several models have been proposed to explain the phenomena, including the phenomenological Zener

Gong, Xingao

242

Comparative cytotaxonomy in the tribe Bovini studied by banding techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Committee: Dr. James E. Womack Chromosomes of eight species of the tribe Bovini were studied by G ? banding, C ? banding and silver staining techniques. The results of this comparative cytogenetic study support the theory that Robertsonian fusion... in the tribe Bovini whose species appear to differ by a series of centromeric fusions. The phylogenetic tree derived from the cytogenetic data of this study is not consistent with morphological and behavioral trees previously described for the tribe Bovini...

Rich, Donna Carol

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

243

Single-band and Dual-band Beam Switching Systems and Offset-fed Beam Scanning Reflectarray  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The reflectarray has been considered as a suitable candidate to replace the conventional parabolic reflectors because of its high-gain, low profile, and beam reconfiguration capability. Beam scanning capability and multi-band operation...

Lee, Jungkyu

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

244

3D slicing of radiogenic heat production in Bahariya Formation, Tut oil field, North-Western Desert, Egypt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A 3D block of radiogenic heat production was constructed from the subsurface total gamma ray logs of Bahariya Formation, Western Desert, Egypt. The studied rocks possess a range of radiogenic heat production varying from 0.21?Wm?3 to 2.2?Wm?3. Sandstone rocks of Bahariya Formation have higher radiogenic heat production than the average for crustal sedimentary rocks. The high values of density log of Bahariya Formation indicate the presence of iron oxides which contribute the uranium radioactive ores that increase the radiogenic heat production of these rocks. The average radiogenic heat production produced from the study area is calculated as 6.3kW. The histogram and cumulative frequency analyses illustrate that the range from 0.8 to 1.2?Wm?3 is about 45.3% of radiogenic heat production values. The 3D slicing of the reservoir shows that the southeastern and northeastern parts of the study area have higher radiogenic heat production than other parts.

I.M. Al-Alfy; M.A. Nabih

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Desert Soils Surfaces and soils in deserts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

materials C horizon: unconsolidated parent material R horizon: solid rock #12;Global Distribution of Arid

246

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting band 7q36 Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

band 4... -orbiting weather satellites, and the leasing of a meteorological C-band radar. Weather satellite data have been Source: Rose, William I. - Department of Geological...

247

Measurement of valence band structure in arbitrary dielectric films  

SciTech Connect

A new way of measuring the band structure of various dielectric materials using the secondary electron emission from Auger neutralization of ions is introduced. The first example of this measurement scheme is the magnesium oxide (MgO) films with respect to the application of the films in the display industries. The density of state in the valence bands of MgO film and MgO film with a functional layer (FL) deposited over a dielectric surface reveals that the density peak of film with a FL is considerably less than that of film, thereby indicating a better performance of MgO film with functional layer in display devices. The second example of the measurement is the boron-zinc oxide (BZO) films with respect to the application of the films to the development of solar cells. The measurement of density of state in BZO film suggests that a high concentration of boron impurity in BZO films may enhance the transition of electrons and holes through the band gap from the valence to the conduction band in zinc oxide crystals; thereby improving the conductivity of the film. Secondary electron emission by the Auger neutralization of ions is highly instrumental for the determination of the density of states in the valence band of dielectric materials.

Uhm, Han S., E-mail: hsuhm@kw.ac.kr [Department of Electrophysics, Kwangwoon University, 447-1 Wolgye-Dong, Nowon-Gu, Seoul 139-701 (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Eun H. [Department of Electrophysics, Kwangwoon University, 447-1 Wolgye-Dong, Nowon-Gu, Seoul 139-701 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Electrophysics, Kwangwoon University, 447-1 Wolgye-Dong, Nowon-Gu, Seoul 139-701 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

248

Correlation of conductivity and angle integrated valence band photoemission  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Correlation of conductivity and angle integrated valence band photoemission Correlation of conductivity and angle integrated valence band photoemission characteristics in single crystal iron perovskites for 300 K < T < 800 K: Comparison of surface and bulk sensitive methods Title Correlation of conductivity and angle integrated valence band photoemission characteristics in single crystal iron perovskites for 300 K < T < 800 K: Comparison of surface and bulk sensitive methods Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2010 Authors Braun, Artur, Bongjin S. Mun, Yun Sun, Z. Liu, Oliver Gröning, R. Mäder, Selma Erat, Xueyuan Zhang, Samuel S. Mao, Ekaterina Pomjakushina, Kazimierz Conder, and Thomas Graule Journal Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena Volume 181 Issue 1 Pagination 56-62 Date Published 07/2013

249

W-band ARM Cloud Radar (WACR) Update and Status  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

W-band ARM Cloud Radar (WACR) Update and Status W-band ARM Cloud Radar (WACR) Update and Status PopStefanija, Ivan ProSensing, Inc. Mead, James ProSensing Inc. Widener, Kevin Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Category: Instruments Two W-band ARM Cloud Radars (WACR) have been developed for the SGP and the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) by ProSensing. The SGP WACR was successfully deployed in the same shelter as the MMCR in 2005. It is currently collecting co-polarization and cross-polarization spectral moments (reflectivity, Doppler velocity, and spectral width) along with spectra data. The AMF WACR will be deployed with the AMF in Niamey, Niger early in 2006. We will present ingested WACR data formats available from the ARM Archive, a selected comparisons of WACR and MMCR data at SGP, and data from

250

W-Band ARM Cloud Radar - Specifications and Design  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

W-Band ARM Cloud Radar - Specifications and Design W-Band ARM Cloud Radar - Specifications and Design K. B. Widener Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington J. B. Mead ProSensing, Inc. Amherst, Massachusetts Abstract The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program and ProSensing, Inc. have teamed to develop and deploy the W-band ARM Cloud Radar (WACR) at the SGP central facility. The WACR will be co- located with the ARM millimeter wave cloud radar (MMCR) with planned operation to begin in early 2005. This radar will complement the measurements of the MMCR and will aid in filtering out insect contamination in the data. In this poster we present the design goals, expected performance characteristics, and the detailed design for the WACR. Introduction The MMCR has been operating at the Southern Great Plains (SGP) site since 1998. It has proven to be

251

Numerical method for shear bands in ductile metal with inclusions  

SciTech Connect

A numerical method for mesoscale simulation of high strain-rate loading of ductile metal containing inclusions is described. Because of small-scale inhomogeneities, such a composite material is prone to localized shear deformation (adiabatic shear bands). The modeling framework is the Generalized Method of Cells of Paley and Aboudi [Mech. Materials, vol. 14, pp. /27-139, 1992], which ensures that the micromechanical response of the material is reflected in the behavior of the composite at the mesoscale. To calculate the effective plastic strain rate when shear bands are present, the analytic and numerical analysis of shear bands by Glimm, Plohr, and Sharp [Mech. Materials, vol. 24, pp. 31-41, 1996] is adapted and extended.

Plohr, Jee Yeon N [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Plohr, Bradley J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Lattice Boltzmann model for photonic band gap materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An efficient technique for computing photonic band structure and defect modes is proposed based on the lattice Boltzmann model. Physically, it is a scheme based on the kinetics of the virtual microscopic process, rather than a solution of the macroscopic Maxwell equations. The method has significant advantages of being naturally suited for massively parallel machine, as well as speed and convenience, providing another methodology for photonic band gap materials and, also, for general electromagnetic scattering problems in open region when incorporated with the perfectly matched layer technique.

Zhifang Lin; Haiping Fang; Jianjun Xu; Jian Zi; Xiangdong Zhang

2003-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

253

Ultra high vacuum broad band high power microwave window  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved high vacuum microwave window has been developed that utilizes high density polyethylene coated on two sides with SiOx, SiNx, or a combination of the two. The resultant low dielectric and low loss tangent window creates a low outgassing, low permeation seal through which broad band, high power microwave energy may be passed. No matching device is necessary and the sealing technique is simple. The features of the window are broad band transmission, ultra-high vacuum compatibility with a simple sealing technique, low voltage standing wave ratio, high power transmission and low cost.

Nguyen-Tuong, Viet (Seaford, VA); Dylla, III, Henry Frederick (Yorktown, VA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Ultra high vacuum broad band high power microwave window  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved high vacuum microwave window has been developed that utilizes high density polyethylene coated on two sides with SiOx, SiNx, or a combination of the two. The resultant low dielectric and low loss tangent window creates a low outgassing, low permeation seal through which broad band, high power microwave energy may be passed. No matching device is necessary and the sealing technique is simple. The features of the window are broad band transmission, ultra-high vacuum compatibility with a simple sealing technique, low voltage standing wave ratio, high power transmission and low cost. 5 figs.

Nguyen-Tuong, V.; Dylla, H.F. III

1997-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

255

Electronic band structure of magnetic bilayer graphene superlattices  

SciTech Connect

Electronic band structure of the bilayer graphene superlattices with ?-function magnetic barriers and zero average magnetic flux is studied within the four-band continuum model, using the transfer matrix method. The periodic magnetic potential effects on the zero-energy touching point between the lowest conduction and the highest valence minibands of pristine bilayer graphene are exactly analyzed. Magnetic potential is shown also to generate the finite-energy touching points between higher minibands at the edges of Brillouin zone. The positions of these points and the related dispersions are determined in the case of symmetric potentials.

Pham, C. Huy; Nguyen, T. Thuong [Theoretical and Computational Physics Department, Institute of Physics, VAST, 10 Dao Tan, Ba Dinh Distr., Hanoi 10000 (Viet Nam); SISSA/International School for Advanced Study, Via Bonomea 265, I-34136 Trieste (Italy); Nguyen, V. Lien, E-mail: nvlien@iop.vast.ac.vn [Theoretical and Computational Physics Department, Institute of Physics, VAST, 10 Dao Tan, Ba Dinh Distr., Hanoi 10000 (Viet Nam); Institute for Bio-Medical Physics, 109A Pasteur, 1st Distr., Hochiminh City (Viet Nam)

2014-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

256

Localized photonic band edge modes and orbital angular momenta of light in a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Johnson, A. Lagendijk, R. Righini, M. Colocci, and D. S. Wiersma, "Light transport through the band

Cao, Hui

257

The high-resolution G-banded karyotype of Sus scrofa domestica L  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and 101 intermediate bands and subbands, according to their relative positions and staining intensities

Boyer, Edmond

258

Lavers & Jones: Band resighting errors 19 Marine Ornithology 36: 1923 (2008)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lavers & Jones: Band resighting errors 19 Marine Ornithology 36: 19­23 (2008) 19 INTRODUCTION identifiable (Anderson et al. 1985, Pollock 1991). Band wear and loss clearly violate these assumptions and to incorporate factors such as band loss and band wear into survival analyses (Schwarz & Stobo 1999, Conn et al

Jones, Ian L.

259

Status Report and Proposal Concerning the Supply of Depleted Uranium Metal Bands for a Particle Detector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Status Report and Proposal Concerning the Supply of Depleted Uranium Metal Bands for a Particle Detector

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Shear bands in a bulk metallic glass after large plastic deformation  

SciTech Connect

A transmission electron microscopy investigation is conducted to trace shear bands in a Zr{sub 53}Cu{sub 18.7}Ni{sub 12}Al{sub 16.3} bulk metallic glass after experiencing 4% plastic deformation. Shear band initiation, secondary shear band interactions, mature shear band broadening and the interactions of shear bands with shear-induced nanocrystals are captured. Results suggest that the plasticity of the bulk metallic glass is enhanced by complex shear bands and their interactions which accommodate large plastic strain and prevent catastrophic shear band propagation.

Qu, D.D.; Wang, Y.B.; Liao, X.Z.; Shen, J. (Harbin); (Sydney)

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vieux desert band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Vorticity banding in rodlike virus suspensions Kyongok Kang,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vorticity banding in rodlike virus suspensions Kyongok Kang,1 M. P. Lettinga,1 Z. Dogic,2 and Jan K. G. Dhont1 1 Institute für Festkörper Forschung (IFF), Weiche Materie, Forschungszentrum Jülich, D

Fraden, Seth

262

Deep Intermediate-Band Surface Photometry of NGC 5907  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We obtained very deep exposures of NGC 5907 with a Schmidt telescope, large-format CCD, and intermediate-band filters centered at 6660A and 8020A. These two filters, part of a 15-filter set, are custom-designed to avoid the brightest (and most variable) night sky lines, with the result that our images go deeper, with lower sky noise, than those taken with broad-band filters. Our errors of observation reach 1 mag/arcsec^2 at 29.00 mag/arcsec-2 in the 6660A image (= 28.7 in R-band), and 27.4 mag/arcsec^ in the 8020A image (same zero point as I-band). Fainter than R = 27 mag arcsec^, the surface brightness around NGC 5907 is strongly asymmetric, being mostly brighter the NW side of the galaxy midplane. This asymmetry rules out a halo for the origin of the faint surface brightness we see. Rather, this asymmetry is likely an artifact due to a combination of light from a faint ring around this galaxy (as described in Shang et al. 1998, ApJL 504, 23) and residual surface brightness at faint levels from stars that ou...

Zheng, Z Y; Su, H J; Burstein, D; Chen, J S

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Band structure and optical properties of isolated and bundled nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Band structure and optical properties of isolated and bundled nanotubes S. Reich , C. Thomsen , P of isolated and bundled single-walled nanotubes by ab initio calculations. Curvature effects on the electronic states depend on the chirality of the nanotube; the strongest deviations from the zone

Nabben, Reinhard

264

EER architecture specification for C band OFDM transmitter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EER architecture specification for C band OFDM transmitter A.Diet, C.Berland, M.Villegas, G detector and an adder. Abstract - This paper presents EER architecture specifications in the case of OFDM C are summarised via EVM (Error Vector Magnitude) values and output spectrum. Fig. 1 : EER architecture principle

Baudoin, Geneviève

265

Radiation Characteristics of Tunable Graphennas in the Terahertz Band  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 16640 Kista, Sweden 5Department of Electrical Engineering in size have been predicted to radiate electromagnetic waves at the terahertz band. In this work frequencies, in the optical range. Due to the expectedly very limited power of nanosystems, the low mobility

Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

266

RESEARCH PAPER Compaction bands induced by borehole drilling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: boreholes are often drilled deep into weak porous sandstone formations for the purpose of extracting oil Introduction Boreholes drilled into the Earth's crust for facilitating the extraction of water, oil, naturalRESEARCH PAPER Compaction bands induced by borehole drilling R. Katsman ? E. Aharonov ? B. C

Einat, Aharonov

267

Population of superdeformed bands, the competition with fission, and the barrier between normal and superdeformed states  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we report on the entry points leading to superdeformed (SD) as well as normal bands. We find that, compared to normal bands, the entry spins for the SD bands are about 9 {h bar} higher, and the entry excitation energy 1--3 MeV colder. We also conclude that population of the SD bands represents successful competition against fission. SD bands in both the Dy and Hg regions are considered.

Khoo, T.L.; Janssens, R.V.F.; Moore, E.F.; Ahmad, I.; Carpenter, M.P.; Chasman, R.R.; Wolfs, F.L.H. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA)); Beard, K.B.; Garg, U.; Ye, D. (Notre Dame Univ., IN (USA)); Benet, P.; Daly, P.J.; Grabowski, Z.W. (Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN (USA)); Drigert, M.W. (Idaho National Engineering Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (USA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Eight-band k?p model of strained zinc-blende crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Second-order Lwdin perturbation theory is used to calculate the interaction matrices for an eight-band k?p model (near the ? point) of zinc-blende crystals under a uniform strain. The model treats the ?6 conduction bands, ?8 valence bands, and ?7 spin-orbit split-off bands. The model includes strain interactions arising from both the orbital and spin-orbit terms of the Hamiltonian. In addition to the usual Pikus-Bir deformation-potential constants, a, b, and d, which describe the coupling of the valence band to strain, two new deformation-potential constants arise, a and b, which describe the coupling of the conduction band to strain. The constant a couples the conduction band to hydrostatic deformations and the constant b, which results from a lack of inversion symmetry, couples the conduction band to shear deformations. The strain also introduces a k-dependent conduction-bandvalence-band mixing that is linear in strain, in wave vector, and in the momentum matrix element between the conduction and valence bands. In the absence of strain, the eight-band Kane model is recovered. Under a finite strain, in the limit of a large conduction-bandvalence-band gap and large spin-orbit splitting, the four-band Luttinger model with strain is recovered.

Thomas B. Bahder

1990-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

269

Quasiparticle band structure and density-functional theory: Single-particle excitations and band gaps in lattice models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ARTICLES Quasiparticle band structure and density-functional theory: Single-particle excitations-particle eigenvalues. Without rigorous basis even for the exact density-functional theory , these are often taken, eigenvalues obtained from density-functional theory DFT , and those from a corresponding LDA. Notable among

Hess, Daryl W.

270

Environmental Assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact: The Nevada Test Site Development Corporations's Desert Rock Sky Park at the Nevada Test Site  

SciTech Connect

The United States Department of Energy has prepared an Environmental Assessment (DOE/EA-1300) (EA) which analyzes the potential environmental effects of developing operating and maintaining a commercial/industrial park in Area 22 of the Nevada Test Site, between Mercury Camp and U.S. Highway 95 and east of Desert Rock Airport. The EA evaluates the potential impacts of infrastructure improvements necessary to support fill build out of the 512-acre Desert Rock Sky Park. Two alternative actions were evaluated: (1) Develop, operate and maintain a commercial/industrial park in Area 22 of the Nevada Test Site, and (2) taking no action. The purpose and need for the commercial industrial park are addressed in Section 1.0 of the EA. A detailed description of the proposed action and alternatives is in section 2.0. Section 3.0 describes the affected environment. Section 4.0 the environmental consequences of the proposed action and alternative. Cumulative effects are addressed in Section 5.0. Mitigation measures are addressed in Section 6.0. The Department of Energy determined that the proposed action of developing, operating and maintaining a commercial/industrial park in Area 22 of the Nevada Test Site would best meet the needs of the agency.

N /A

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

K-band spectroscopy of the intermediate polar XY Ari  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the K-band infrared spectrum of the intermediate polar XY Ari. The spectrum confirms the cataclysmic binary nature of XY Ari, showing emission lines of HeI (2.0587 microns) and the Brackett and Paschen series of HI. The broad nature of these lines suggest an origin in an accretion disc. The spectrum is strongly reddened by absorption within the molecular cloud Lynds 1457 and shows prominent absorption features from the secondary star, from which we determine a spectral type for the secondary of M0V. The secondary contributes 80 +/- 6% of the K-band light. We derive a visual extinction to XY Ari of Av = 11.5 +/- 0.3 and a distance of d=270 +/- 100 pc, placing XY Ari behind the molecular cloud.

S. P. Littlefair; V. S. Dhillon; T. R. Marsh

2001-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

272

Band-Gap Engineering of Carbon Nanotubes with Grain Boundaries  

SciTech Connect

Structure and electronic properties of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with grain boundaries (GBs) are investigated using density-functional calculations, where the GBs parallel and perpendicular to the tube axis are considered. Simulation results show that the GBs have a great effect on the electronic properties of the CNTs. For the GBs along the tube axis, the CNTs are narrow or zero band gap (<0.16 eV) materials, independent of the misorientation angle and diameter. For the GBs perpendicular to the tube axis, localized electronic states appear within the GBs regions, leading to a larger band gap of up to 0.6 eV. It is convenient to transport and localize the electrons and holes by engineering the GBs. These findings are of great significance for developing carbon-based nanomaterials and electronic devices.

Wang, Zhiguo; Zhou, Yungang; Zhang, Yanwen; Gao, Fei

2012-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

273

Intermediate-band Photometry of Type Ia Supernovae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present optical light curves of five Type Ia supernovae (2002er, 2002fk, 2003cg, 2003du, 2003fk). The photometric observations were performed in a set of intermediate-band filters. SNe 2002er, 2003du appear to be normal SN Ia events with similar light curve shapes, while SN 2003kf shows the behavior of a brighter SN Ia with slower decline rate after maximum. The light curves of SN 2003cg is unusual; they show a fast rise and dramatic decline near maximum and do not display secondary peak at longer wavelengths during 15-30 days after maximum light. This suggests that SN 2003cg is likely to be an intrinsically subluminous, 91bg-like SN Ia. Exploration of SN Ia feature lines through intermediate-band photometry is briefly discussed.

Wang, X; Zhang, T; Li, Z; Wang, Xiaofeng; Zhou, Xu; Zhang, Tianmeng; Li, Zongwei

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Triaxial shape coexistence and new aligned band in Os178  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High spin states in Os178 were studied by means of Ho165(Ne20,p6n)Os178 fusion evaporation reaction at a beam energy of 150?MeV, using a clover detector array. Several new transitions belonging to Os178 were placed in a level scheme and a new aligned rotational band was observed in addition to earlier known bands. Spin-parity assignments for most of the proposed levels were made using the deduced directional correlation orientation and polarization measurements for the de-exciting transitions. Experimental results are compared with the projected angular momentum deformed Hartree-Fock model calculations and cranked Woods-Saxon model calculations. This nucleus is predicted to be prolate deformed in the ground state but the ?-softness at higher excitation is revealed by the cranked Woods-Saxon model and the geometrical asymmetric model calculations.

Rajesh Kumar, I. M. Govil, A. Dhal, L. Chaturvedi, C. R. Praharaj, A. K. Rath, G. Kiran Kumar, S. K. Basu, A. Chakraborty, Krishichayan, S. Mukhopadhyay, N. S. Pattabiraman, S. S. Ghugre, and A. K. Sinha

2009-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

275

Band-Gap Engineering of Carbon Nanotubes with Grain Boundaries  

SciTech Connect

Structure and electronic properties of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with grain boundaries (GBs) are investigated using density-functional calculations, where the GBs parallel and perpendicular to the tube axis are considered. Simulation results show that the GBs have a great effect on the electronic properties of the CNTs. For the GBs along the tube axis, the CNTs are narrow or zero band gap (<0.16 eV) materials, independent of the misoritentaion angle and diameter. For the GBs perpendicular to the tube axis, localized electronic states appear within the GBs regions, leading to a larger band gap of up to 0.6 eV. It is convenient to transport and localize the electrons and holes by engineering the GBs. These findings are of great significance for developing carbon-based nanomaterials and electronic devices.

Wang, Zhiguo [Department of Applied Physics, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China; Zhou, Yungang [Department of Applied Physics, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China; Zhang, Yanwen [ORNL; Gao, Fei [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Broad band invisibility cloak made of normal dielectric multilayer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present the design fabrication and performance test of a quasi three-dimensional carpet cloak made of normal dielectric in the microwave regime. Taking advantage of a simple linear coordinate transformation we design a carpet cloak with homogeneous anisotropic medium and then practically realize the device with multilayer of alternating normal dielectric slabs based on the effective medium theory. As a proof-of-concept example we fabricate the carpet cloak with multilayer of FR4 dielectric slabs with air spacing. The performance of the fabricated design is verified through full-wave numerical simulation and measurement of the far-field scattering electromagnetic waves in a microwave anechoic chamber. Experimental results have demonstrated pronounced cloaking effect in a very broad band from 8 GHz to 18 GHz (whole X and Ku band) due to the low loss non-dispersive feature of the multilayerdielectricstructure.

Xiaofei Xu; Yijun Feng; Shuai Xiong; Jinlong Fan; Jun-Ming Zhao; Tian Jiang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Wide-band heterodyne receiver development for effluent measurements  

SciTech Connect

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been developing advanced infrared heterodyne receivers for plasma diagnostics in fusion reactors for over 20 years. Passive heterodyne radiometry in the LWIR region of the spectrum has historically been restricted by HgCdTe (MCT) detector technology to receiver bandwidths of only 2 GHz. Given typical atmospheric line widths of approximately 3 GHz, a CO{sub 2} (or isotope) laser local oscillator with an average line spacing of 50 GHz, and an MCT detector, only chemical species whose absorptions fall directly on top of laser lines can be measured. Thus, with traditional narrow-band heterodyne radiometry, much of the LWIR spectrum is missed and the less complex direct detection DIAL has been the preferred technique in remote sensing applications. Wide-band heterodyne receivers offer significant improvements in remote measurement capability. Progress at the Institute for Microstructural Sciences (IMS) at National Research Council of Canada and at ORNL in wide-band quantum-well infrared photodetectors (QIPs) and receivers is significantly enhancing the bandwidth capabilities of heterodyne radiometers. ORNL recently made measurements in the lab using QWIPs developed at IMS that demonstrate heterodyne quantum efficiencies of 5% with a heterodyne bandwidth of 7 GHz. The path forward indicates that > 10% heterodyne quantum efficiencies and 30-GHz bandwidths are achievable with current QWIP technology. With a chopped, 30-GHz passive heterodyne receiver, a much larger portion of the LWIR spectrum can now be covered. One potential advantage of wide-band heterodyne receivers for effluent measurements is to dramatically reduce the number of laser lines needed to characterize and distinguish multiple chemical species of interest. In the following paper, the authors discuss this and other implications of these new technologies to the characterization of effluents using both passive heterodyne radiometry and thermo-luminescence.

Hutchinson, D.P.; Richards, R.K.; Simpson, M.L.; Bennett, C.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Liu, H.C.; Buchanan, M. [National Research Council of Canada (Canada)

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Graphene on Ru(0001): Evidence for two graphene band structures  

SciTech Connect

High-resolution photoemission illustrates that the band structure of graphene on Ru(0001) exhibits a well-defined splitting. This splitting is largest with the graphene directly on the Ru(0001) substrate, whereas with a chemisorbed oxygen spacer layer between the graphene and the metal substrate, this splitting is considerably reduced. This splitting is attributed to a combination of chemical interactions between graphene and Ru(0001) and to screening of the former by the latter, not spin-orbit coupling.

Katsiev K.; Vescovo E.; Losovyj, Y.; Zhou, Z.; Liu, L.; Dowben, P.A.; Goodman, D.W.

2012-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

279

Band Tunneling through Double Barrier in Bilayer Graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By taking into account the full four band energy spectrum, we calculate the transmission probability and conductance of electrons across symmetric and asymmetric double potential barrier with a confined interlayer potential difference in bilayer graphene. For energies less than the interlayer coupling \\gamma_{1}, E \\gamma_{1}, we obtain four possible ways for transmission resulting from the two propagating modes. We compute the associated transmission probabilities as well as their contribution to the conductance, study the effect of the double barrier geometry.

Hasan A. Alshehab; Hocine Bahlouli; Abderrahim El Mouhafid; Ahmed Jellal

2014-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

280

Three-band model for exciton formation in rare-earth compounds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The possibility of exciton formation is studied in a model which allows for hybridization between a conduction band and a 4f level and which takes into account the scattering of electrons in a band of higher energy on the 4f ion. There is no direct coupling between this latter band and the conduction band. For weak scattering and in the Hartree-Fock approximation an isolated level built up from the 4f and the higher-band states appears. For sufficiently strong scattering this level broadens due to the coupling to the conduction band and becomes partially occupied. The theoretical arguments are supported by numerical calculations.

P. Erds; J. Slyom; A. St

1988-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vieux desert band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Band-structure analysis from photoreflectance spectroscopy in (Ga,Mn)As  

SciTech Connect

Modulation photoreflectance spectroscopy has been applied to study the band-structure evolution in (Ga,Mn)As epitaxial layers with increasing Mn content. Structural and magnetic properties of the layers were characterized with high-resolution X-ray diffractometry and SQUID magnetometery, respectively. The revealed results of decrease in the band-gap-transition energy in the (Ga,Mn)As layers with increasing Mn content are interpreted in terms of a disordered valence band, extended within the band gap, formed, in highly Mn-doped (Ga,Mn)As, as a result of merging the Mn-related impurity band with the host GaAs valence band.

Yastrubchak, Oksana; Gluba, Lukasz; Zuk, Jerzy [Institute of Physics, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, 20-031 Lublin (Poland); Wosinski, Tadeusz; Andrearczyk, Tomasz; Domagala, Jaroslaw Z. [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Sadowski, Janusz [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 02-668 Warsaw, Poland and MAX-Lab, Lund University, 22100 Lund (Sweden)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

282

Investigations into Cost Reductions of X-band Instrumentation  

SciTech Connect

The prohibitive costs of commercial test equipment for making fast and accurate pulsed phase and amplitude measurements at X-Band result in decreased productivity due to shortages of shared equipment across the test laboratory. In addition, most current set-ups rely on the use of pulsed power heads which do not allow for the measurement of phase thereby limiting the flexibility of available measurements. In this paper, we investigate less expensive in-house designed instrumentation based upon commercial satellite down converters and widely available logarithmic detector amplifiers and phase detectors. The techniques are used to measure X-Band pulses with widths of 50 ns to 10's of usec. We expect a dynamic range of 30-40 dB with accuracies of better than +/- 0.1 dB and +/- 1 degree of phase. We show preliminary results of the built and tested modules. Block diagrams of the down conversion scheme, and the architecture of a multi-signal X-band RF monitor and measurement system is illustrated. Measured results, and possible modifications and upgrades are presented.

Van Winkle, D.; Dolgashev, V.A.; Fox, J.D.; Tantawi, S.G.; /SLAC

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

283

BATC 13-band Photometry of Open Cluster NGC 7789  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present 13-band CCD intermediate-band spectrophotometry of a field centered on the open cluster NGC 7789 from 400 to nearly 1000 nm, taken with Beijing-Arizona-Taiwan-Connecticut (BATC) Multi-Color Survey photometric system. By comparing observed spectral energy distributions of NGC 7789 stars with theoretical ones, the fundamental parameters of this cluster are derived: an age of $1.4\\pm0.1$ Gyr, a distance modulus $(m-M)_{0}=11.27\\pm0.04$, a reddening $E(B-V)=0.28\\pm0.02$, and a metallicity with the solar composition $Z=0.019$. When the surface density profile for member stars with limiting magnitudes of 19.0 in the BATC $e$ band ($\\lambda_{\\textrm{eff}}=4925$ \\AA) is fitted by King model, the core radius $R_{c}=7.52\\arcmin$ and the tidal radius $R_{t}=28.84\\arcmin$ are derived for NGC 7789. The observed mass function (MF) for main sequence stars of NGC 7789 with masses from 0.95 to 1.85 $M_{\\odot}$ is fitted with a power-law function $\\phi(m)\\propto m^{\\alpha}$ and the slope $\\alpha=-0.96$ is derived. S...

Wu, Zhen-Yu; Ma, Jun; Jiang, Zhao-Ji; Chen, Jian-Sheng; Wu, Jiang-Hua; 10.1086/512189

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

A Multiple-Channel Sub-Band Transient Detection System  

SciTech Connect

We have developed a unique multiple-channel sub-band transient detection system to record transient electromagnetic signals in carrier-dominated radio environments; the system has been used to make unique observations of weak, transient HF signals. The detection system has made these observations possible through improved sensitivity compared to conventional broadband transient detection systems; the sensitivity improvement is estimated to be at least 20 dB. The increase in sensitivity has been achieved through subdivision of the band of interest (an 18 MHz tunable bandwidth) into eight sub-band independent detection channels, each with a 400 kHz bandwidth and its own criteria. The system generates a system trigger signal when a predetermined number of channels (typically five) trigger within a predetermined window of time (typically 100 ~s). Events are recorded with a broadband data acquisition system sampling at 50 or 100 Msample/s, so despite the fact that the detection system operates on portions of the signal confined to narrow bands, data acquisition is broadband. Between May and September of 1994, the system was used to detect and record over six thousand transient events in the frequency band from 3 to 30 MHz. Approximately 500 of the events have been characterized as paired bursts of radio noise with individual durations of 2 to 10 ps and separations between the bursts of 5 to 160 ps. The paired transients are typically 5 to 40 dB brighter than the background electromagnetic spectrum between carrier signals. We have termed these events SubIonospheric Pulse Pairs (SIPPS) and presently have no explanation as to their source. Our observations of SIPPS resemble observations of TransIonospheric Pulse Pairs (TIPPs) recorded by the Blackboard instrument on the ALEXIS satellite; the source of TIPP events is also unknown. Most of the recorded SIPP events do not exhibit frequency dispersion, implying propagation along a line-of-sight (groundwave) path; but seven of the pairs exhibit dispersion characteristic of skywave propagation via refraction from the ionosphere. The maximum line-of-sight observation range for radio propagation extends as far as 300 km for a source at an altitude of 5 km, and 520 km for a source at 15 km. Refraction from the ionosphere, however, may allow HF radiation to propagate around the globe. Information about the times and locations of sources, in conjunction with regional, weather maps and computer models of ionospheric propagation, suggest that some SIPP events originate in the vicinity of large-scale thunderstorm complexes.

David A. Smith

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

DESERT RESEARCH INSTITUTE  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

CIRCULAR 1 CIRCULAR 1 2 CENTER FOR WATER R E S ~ U R C E ~ REHiARCH GROUND-WATER SERIES C - 1 GEOHYDROLOGIC DATA FROM THE PICEANCE CREEK B A S I N BETWEEN THE WHITE AND COLQRAD.0 RIVERS, NORTHWESTERN COLORADO D . L. C o f f i n , F . A. W e l d e r , R . K. G l a n z m a n , and X. W. D u t t o n U n i t e d S t a t e s G e o l o g i c a l Survey Prepared by T h e U n i t e d S t a t e s G e o l o g i c a l Survey i n c o o p e r a t i o n w i t h . 1 he C o l o r a . d o W a . t e r C o n s e r v a t i o n B o a r d D e n v e r , C o l o r a d o . 1 9 6 8 DISCLAIMER Portions of this document may be illegible in electronic image products. Images are produced from the best available original document. CONTENTS Page I n t r o d u c t i o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Well-numbering s y s t e m . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 . . . . . . . Aqui'fer t e s t of t h d a l l u v i u m a l o n g P i c e a n c e Creek 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . Geology o f t h e pumping-test s

286

Desert Peak EGS Project  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

USGS, LBNL, SANDIA, LANL - International Collaborations: Mil-Tech (UK), Bestec (Germany) - Sub contactors: Rain for Rent, ThermaSource, Schlumberger, TerraTek 7 | US DOE...

287

THE DESERT BOTANICAL LABORATORY  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...in-dustries; economic botany; entomology; for-estry; horticulture (candidates in this subject should state their qualifications...possible to their respective exhibition halls, while the lighting of the exhibition halls will be mainly from the sides, in...

1903-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

288

Surviving Operation Desert Storm  

SciTech Connect

The importance of aircraft survivability during the invasion of Iraq is examined detailing anecdotal evidence of susceptibility and vulnerability reduction. Among the aircraft used that were designed to be more survivable than their predecessors were the F-117, A-10, F/A-18, and the AH-64. Reduced vulnerability is incorporated into the aircraft designs in the form of damage tolerant components, redundancy, self-sealing fluid systems, and miniaturization.

Vice, J. (Booz, Allen and Hamilton, Inc., Dayton, OH (United States))

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Graphene-based tunable terahertz and infrared band-pass filter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a sheet of graphene as a simple band-pass filter in terahertz and infrared frequencies. The central frequency and quality factor of this band-pass filter can be...

Danaeifar, M; Granpayeh, N; Mohammadi, A; Setayesh, A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

The Near Infrared Absorption Band of Liquid Water at 1.79?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The near infrared absorption band of liquid water at 1.79? has been studied at various temperatures. No apparent changes in the band were detected in the temperature range from 4C to 137C.

J. R. Collins

1937-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

291

Theoretical basis for the scleral expansion band procedure for surgical reversal of presbyopia (SRP)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new technique, the scleral expansion band procedure, has been developed for the surgical reversal of presbyopia. The effects of scleral expansion band are based on a recently developed theory by Schachar, wh...

Ronald A. Schachar MD; PhD

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Theoretical basis for the scleral expansion band procedure for surgical reversal of presbyopia [SRP  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new technique, the scleral expansion band procedure, has been developed for the surgical reversal of presbyopia. An understanding of demonstrable clinical effects of the scleral expansion band procedure, bas...

Ronald A. Schachar MD; PhD

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Pressure Behaviour of the UV and Green Emission Bands in ZnO...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pressure Behaviour of the UV and Green Emission Bands in ZnO Micro-rods. Pressure Behaviour of the UV and Green Emission Bands in ZnO Micro-rods. Abstract: The pressure behavior of...

294

Experimental study of shear and compaction band formation in berea sandstone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

changes in the AE rate, and are consistent with the formation of compacting shear bands at higher mean stress. Predictions of changes in band orientation with mean stress are largely consistent with observed trends, but deviate from the observed...

Herrin, Elizabeth Anne

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

295

Optical absorption and band gap reduction in (Fe1-xCrx)2O3 solid...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Optical absorption and band gap reduction in (Fe1-xCrx)2O3 solid solutions: A first-principles study. Optical absorption and band gap reduction in (Fe1-xCrx)2O3 solid solutions: A...

296

Band structures Optical absorption Summary Key concepts in Density Functional Theory (II)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Band structures Optical absorption Summary Key concepts in Density Functional Theory (II) Kohn, Belfast Key concepts in Density Functional Theory (II) Silvana Botti #12;Band structures Optical in Density Functional Theory (II) Silvana Botti #12;Band structures Optical absorption Summary Outline 1 From

Botti, Silvana

297

The PortevinLe Chatelier (PLC) effect and shear band formation in an AA5754 alloy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Portevin­Le Chatelier (PLC) effect and shear band formation in an AA5754 alloy Herdawandi Halim in order to observe Portevin­Le Chatelier (PLC) band behaviour during tensile deformation of AA5754 sheet and subsequently to measure the level of incre- mental plastic strain carried within the bands. In addition, PLC

Niewczas, Marek

298

ensl-00109517,version1-24Oct2006 Superconducting instability in 3 bands metallic nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ensl-00109517,version1-24Oct2006 Superconducting instability in 3 bands metallic nanotubes David on small radius nanotubes, we study the superconducting in- stabilities of cylindrical (5,0) nanotubes. According to band structure calculations, these nanotubes possess three bands at the Fermi energy. Using

299

Loops of Energy Bands for Bloch Waves in Optical Lattices By Matt Coles and Dmitry Pelinovsky  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Loops of Energy Bands for Bloch Waves in Optical Lattices By Matt Coles and Dmitry Pelinovsky We the energy bands for Bloch waves in optically trapped Bose­Einstein condensates. The comparison between in this context. These bifurcations generate loops in the energy bands of the Bloch waves near the ends

Pelinovsky, Dmitry

300

Narrow band region-based active contours and surfaces for 2D and 3D segmentation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We describe a narrow band region approach for deformable curves and surfaces in the perspective of 2D and 3D image segmentation. Basically, we develop a region energy involving a fixed-width band around the curve or surface. Classical region-based methods, ... Keywords: Active contour, Active surface, Deformable model, Level sets, Narrow band region energy, Segmentation

Julien Mille

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vieux desert band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Dual-Band and Dual-Polarization Patch Antenna with High Isolation Characteristic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Dual-Band and Dual-Polarization Patch Antenna with High Isolation Characteristic Dong-Hyuk Choi and Seong-Ook Park, Member, IEEE Abstract--A patch antenna with dual-band and dual-polarization operation--Coplanar waveguide (CPW) resonant cell, dual-band, dual-polarization, isolation, patch antenna I. INTRODUCTION

Park, Seong-Ook

302

Getting simultaneous red and near infrared bands from a single digital camera for plant monitoring applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Getting simultaneous red and near infrared bands from a single digital camera for plant monitoring including red and near-infrared bands have proved their efficiency for vegetation-soil discrimination an original solution to obtain simultaneously the near-infrared and red bands from a standard RGB camera

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

303

The X-band klystron program at SLAC  

SciTech Connect

The X-band rf source development at SLAC can be considered a qualified success. A total of twelve klystrons were built. Six of them are still in use. The latest tube, XL4, produced 75 MW at an efficiency of 47.5 percent. However, victory cannot be declared as yet, since an NLC prototype has not been fully designed and the decision between permanent magnet focusing and a super-conducting solenoid has not been formally made. Daryl Sprehn`s paper will present the status of the PPM klystron development. The authors believe that a PPM X-band source will work, at 50 as well as at 75 megawatts. But they are prepared to adapt the XL4 design to a super-conducting solenoid, should the PPM klystron develop unexpected problems. The SLAC program is now in its seventh year. It may well be the longest and most expensive microwave tube development on record, in a government laboratory or in industry. Direct and related costs for the total effort are probably of the order of $10 million. In these circumstances it is perhaps not surprising that it has been possible to produce a klystron with the performance of XL4. At the same time, it must be said that the necessary leap in technology from the SLAC 60-megawatt S-band production klystrons to a klystron of comparable performance at four times the frequency could not be realized without some very careful experimentation and, most importantly, without the infrastructure for tube fabrication and testing available at SLAC. The design of an 11.4 GHz 50--100 MW klystron, with microsecond pulses and a pulse repetition frequency of 180 Hz presents a number of technical challenges which are listed here.

Caryotakis, G.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Population of superdeformed bands and competition with fission  

SciTech Connect

Average entry points for superdeformed (SD) and normal states have been measured in {sup 191, 192}Hg and in {sup 152}Dy. Compared with normal states, the superdeformed states have entry spins {approximately} 10 h higher and internal excitation energies (U = E --- E{sub yrast}) at least 2 MeV lower for the Hg cases and about 8 MeV lower for {sup 152}Dy. By comparison with calculated {ell}- distributions of evaporation residues (ER), using CASCADE to compute the fission competition, we find that the initial population of the SD band in {sup 192}Hg originates from the tail of the ER spin distribution. 12 refs., 5 figs.

Moore, E.F.; Janssens, R.V.F.; Khoo, T.L.; Ahmad, I.; Carpenter, M.P.; Chasman, R.R.; Wolfs, F.L.H. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA)); Beard, K.B; Garg, U.; Ye, D. (Notre Dame Univ., IN (USA)); Benet, Ph.; Daly, P.J.; Grabowski, Z.W. (Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN (USA)); Drigert, M.W. (Idaho National Engineering Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (USA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

VIMOS total transmission profiles for broad-band filters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

VIMOS is a wide-field imager and spectrograph mounted on UT3 at the VLT, whose FOV consists of four 7'x8' quadrants. Here we present the measurements of total transmission profiles -- i.e. the throughput of telescope + instrument -- for the broad band filters U, B, V, R, I, and z for each of its four quadrants. Those measurements can also be downloaded from the public VIMOS web-page. The transmission profiles are compared with previous estimates from the VIMOS consortium.

S. Mieske; M. Rejkuba; S. Bagnulo; C. Izzo; G. Marconi

2007-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

306

Wide band cryogenic ultra-high vacuum microwave absorber  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An absorber wave guide assembly for absorbing higher order modes of microwave energy under cryogenic ultra-high vacuum conditions, that absorbs wide-band multi-mode energy. The absorber is of a special triangular shape, made from flat tiles of silicon carbide and aluminum nitride. The leading sharp end of the absorber is located in a corner of the wave guide and tapers to a larger cross-sectional area whose center is located approximately in the center of the wave guide. The absorber is relatively short, being of less height than the maximum width of the wave guide.

Campisi, Isidoro E. (Newport News, VA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Wide band cryogenic ultra-high vacuum microwave absorber  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An absorber waveguide assembly for absorbing higher order modes of microwave energy under cryogenic ultra-high vacuum conditions, that absorbs wide-band multi-mode energy. The absorber is of a special triangular shape, made from flat tiles of silicon carbide and aluminum nitride. The leading sharp end of the absorber is located in a corner of the waveguide and tapers to a larger cross-sectional area whose center is located approximately in the center of the wave guide. The absorber is relatively short, being of less height than the maximum width of the waveguide. 11 figs.

Campisi, I.E.

1992-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

308

DOE/EA-1300: Environmental Assessment for the Nevada Test Site Development Corporation's Desert Rock Sky Park at the Nevada Test Site (03/00)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NV EA-1300 NV EA-1300 The Nevada Test Site Development Corporation's Desert Rock Sky Park at the Nevada Test Site Environmental Assessment March 2000 United States Department of Energy Nevada Operations Office Las Vegas, Nevada Available for public sale, in paper, from: U.S. Department of Commerce National Technical Information Service 5285 Port Royal Road Springfield, VA 22161 Phone: (800) 553-6847 Fax: (703) 605-6900 Email: orders@ntis.fedworld.gov Online ordering: http://www.ntis.gov/ordering.htm Available electronically at http://www.doe.gov.bridge Available for processing fee to U.S. Department of Energy and its contactors, in paper, from: U.S. Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information P.O. Box 62

309

SEASONALITY OF ANNUAL PLANT ESTABLISHMENT INFLUENCES THE INTERACTIONBETWEEN THE NON-NATIVE ANNUAL GRASS BROMUS MADRITENSIS SSP. RUBENS AND MOJAVE DESERT PERENNIALS  

SciTech Connect

Competition between native and non-native species can change the composition and structure of plant communities, but in deserts the timing of non-native plant establishment can modulate their impacts to native species. In a field experiment, we varied densities of the non-native annual grass Bromus madritensis ssp. rubens around individuals of three native perennials--Larrea iridentata, Achnatherum hymenoides, and Pleuraphis rigida--in either winter or spring. Additional plots were prepared for the Same perennial species and seasons, but with a mixture of native annual species. Relative growth rates of perennial shoots (RGRs) declined with increasing Bromus biomass when Bromus that was established in winter had 2-3 mo of growth and high water use before perennial growth began. However, this high water use did not significantly reduce water potentials for the perennials, suggesting Bromus that established earlier depleted other soil resources, such as N, otherwise used by perennial plants. Spring-established Bromus had low biomass even at higher densities and did not effectively reduce RGRs, resulting in an overall lower impact to perennials than when Bromus was established in winter. Similarly, growth and reproduction of perennials with mixed annuals as neighbors did not differ from those with Bromus neighbors of equivalent biomass, but densities of these annuals did not support the high biomass necessary to reduce perennial growth. Thus, impacts of native Mojave Desert annuals to perennials are expected to be lower than those of Bromus because seed dormancy and narrow requirements for seedling survivorship produce densities and biomass lower than those achieved by Bromus. In comparing the effects of Bromus among perennial species, the impact of increased Bromus biomass on RGR was lower for Larrea than for the two perennial grasses, probably because Lurrea maintains low growth rates throughout the year, even after Bromus has completed its life cycle. This contrasts with the perennial grasses, whose phenology overlaps completely with (Achnatherum) or closely follows (Pleuraphis) that of Bromus.

L A. DEFALCO; G. C. FERNANDEZ; R. S. NOWAK

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

ZnO/Sn:In2O3 and ZnO/CdTe band offsets for extremely thin absorber...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ZnOSn:In2O3 and ZnOCdTe band offsets for extremely thin absorber photovoltaics . ZnOSn:In2O3 and ZnOCdTe band offsets for extremely thin absorber photovoltaics . Abstract: Band...

311

Partially filled intermediate band of Cr-doped GaN films  

SciTech Connect

We investigated the band structure of sputtered Cr-doped GaN (GaCrN) films using optical absorption, photoelectron yield spectroscopy, and charge transport measurements. It was found that an additional energy band is formed in the intrinsic band gap of GaN upon Cr doping, and that charge carriers in the material move in the inserted band. Prototype solar cells showed enhanced short circuit current and open circuit voltage in the n-GaN/GaCrN/p-GaN structure compared to the GaCrN/p-GaN structure, which validates the proposed concept of an intermediate-band solar cell.

Sonoda, S. [Department of Electronics, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Kyoto 606-8585 (Japan)

2012-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

312

A study of the band envelopes of the 2900 A system of sulphur dioxide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Parameters with their Corresponding D(A " B) ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 0 2) LIST OF FIGURES Figure Page Bands Located a$ 33&340. 7 cm. and 32 ' 879 ' 9 orna ~ & ~ & ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 8 Bands Near the Origin of the 2900 R System, ~ ~ ~ , 9 Graph of hV vs& Ordinal Numbers... with overlapping bands arising from low-lying excited vibrational levels of the ground state Only two bands~ whose heads are -1 located at 32, 879. 9 and 33, 340. 7 cm. , aze clear enough for a rotational analysis. These bands have sub-heads at 32, 895. 7 -1...

Cesani, Fernando A

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Wide-band neutrino beams at 1000 GeV  

SciTech Connect

In a previous publication, S. Mori discussed various broad-band neutrino and antineutrino beams using 1000 GeV protons on target. A new beam (SST) has been designed which provides the same neutrino flux as the quadrupole triplet (QT) while suppressing the wrong sign flux by a factor of 18. It also provides more than twice as much high energy antineutrino flux than the sign-selected bare target (SSBT) and in addition, has better neutrino suppression. While it is possible to increase the flux obtained from the single horn system over that previously described, the conclusion which states any horn focussing system seems to be of marginal use for Tevatron neutrino physics, is unchanged. Neutrino and antineutrino event rates and wrong sign backgrounds were computed using NUADA for a 100 metric ton detector of radius 1.5 meters. Due to radiation considerations and the existing transformer location, the horn beam is placed in its usual position inside the Target Tube. All other beams are placed in Fronthall. Thus, for the wide-band Fronthall trains a decay distance of 520 meters is used, versus 400 meters for the horn train. (WHK)

Malensek, A.; Stutte, L.

1983-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

314

F Band in Isotopically Enriched LiF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of isotopic composition on the optical obsorption spectrum of the F center in LiF has been investigated. The results of measurements on single crystals of x-ray irradiated Li6F (almost 96% lithium-6) and Li7F (almost 100% lithium-7) indicate that the average F-band width at half-maximum in the former is larger by about 3% at liquid-helium temperature, and by about 1% at room temperature. Theory shows that the half-widths in the two isotopic forms vary inversely as the fourth root of the mass of the alkali ions at low temperature, and as the temperature is increased the predicted half-width difference monotonically decreases to zero. The predicted half-width difference at low temperatures is about 4%, and at room temperature about 1%, both in reasonable agreement with experiment. At both room and liquid-helium temperatures the position of the F-band maximum in Li7F is slightly displaced to higher energy than in Li6F. The peak-position shift is in approximate agreement with the contributions arising from the difference in alkali mass and lattice constant of the two crystals as estimated at low temperature.

Herbert Rabin and Michael Reich

1964-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

315

Hoyle band and $?$ condensation in ${^{12}{\\rm C}}$  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The excited states in ${^{12}{\\rm C}}$ are investigated by using an extended version of the so-called Tohsaki-Horiuchi- Schuck-R\\"opke (THSR) wave function, where both the $3\\alpha$ condensate and ${^{8}{\\rm Be}} + \\alpha$ cluster asymptotic configurations are included. A new method is also used to resolve spurious continuum coupling with physical states. We focus on the structures of the "Hoyle band" states, $2_2^+$, and $4_2^+$ states, which are recently observed above the Hoyle state and of the $0_3^+$ and $0_4^+$ states, which are also quite recently identified in experiment. Their resonance parameters and decay properties are reasonably reproduced. All these states have gaslike configurations of the $3\\alpha$ clusters with larger root mean square radii than that of the Hoyle state. The Hoyle band is not simply considered to be the ${^{8}{\\rm Be}}(0^+) +\\alpha$ rotation as suggested by previous cluster model calculations, nor to be a rotation of a rigid-body triangle-shaped object composed of the $3\\alpha$ particles. This is mainly due to the specificity of the Hoyle state, which has the $3\\alpha$ condensate structure and gives a rise to the $0_3^+$ state with a prominent ${^{8}{\\rm Be}}(0^+)+\\alpha$ structure as a result of very strong monopole excitation from the Hoyle state.

Y. Funaki

2014-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

316

Modeling of strained quantum wires using eight-band k?p theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have calculated numerically the one-dimensional band structure and densities of states of a V-shaped In0.2Ga0.8As/AlxGa1-xAs single quantum wire using eight-band k?p theory. A finite-difference scheme is used for the calculations. The model includes the realistic orientation, shape, material composition, strain distribution, and piezoelectric charging of the wire. We find a dominant impact of the piezoelectric potential on the band structure and a marked spin splitting of the valence bands. Also, the conduction band is strongly nonparabolic. We propose an efficient procedure to calculate interior eigenvectors from Hamiltonians including conduction-bandvalence-band interactions. This algorithm is 2090 times faster than the best prevailing method and also applies to other Hamiltonians for the modeling of nanostructures, including those occurring in tight-binding or pseudopotential theory.

O. Stier and D. Bimberg

1997-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

317

Nanodopant-Induced Band Modulation in AgPbmSbTe2+m-Type Nanocomposites  

SciTech Connect

We elucidate the fundamental physics of nanoscale dopants in narrow band-gap thermoelectric nanocomposites XPbmYTe2+m (X=Ag,Na; Y=Sb,Bi) using first-principles calculations. Our re- sults unveil distinct band-structure modulations, most notably a sizable band-gap widening driven by nanodopant-induced lattice strain and a band split-off at the conduction band minimum caused by the spin-orbit interaction of the dopant Sb or Bi atoms. Boltzmann transport calculations demon- strate that these band modulations have significant but competing effects on high-temperature elec- tron transport behavior. These results offer insights for understanding recent experimental findings and suggest principles for optimizing thermoelectric properties of narrow band-gap semiconductors.

Zhang, Yi [University of Nevada, Las Vegas; Ke, Xuezhi [University of Nevada, Las Vegas; Chen, Changfeng [University of Nevada, Las Vegas; Yang, Jihui [General Motors Corporation-R& D; Kent, Paul R [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Strained-Si1-xGex/Si Band-to-Band Tunneling Transistors: Impact of Tunnel-Junction Germanium Composition and Doping Concentration on Switching Behavior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Strained pseudomorphic Si/Si [subscript 1-x]Ge [subscript x]/Si gate-controlled band-to-band tunneling (BTBT) devices have been analyzed with varying Ge composition up to 57% and p+ tunnel-junction (source) doping concentration ...

Antoniadis, Dimitri A.

319

Engineering integrated pure narrow-band photon sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Engineering and controlling well defined states of light for quantum information applications is of increasing importance as the complexity of quantum systems grows. For example, in quantum networks high multi-photon interference visibility requires properly devised single mode sources. In this paper we propose a spontaneous parametric down conversion source based on an integrated cavity-waveguide, where single narrow-band, possibly distinct, spectral modes for the idler and the signal fields can be generated. This mode selection takes advantage of the clustering effect, due to the intrinsic dispersion of the nonlinear material. In combination with a CW laser and fast detection, our approach provides a means to engineer a source that can efficiently generate pure photons, without filtering, that is compatible with long distance quantum communication. Furthermore, it is extremely flexible and could easily be adapted to a wide variety of wavelengths and applications.

Enrico Pomarico; Bruno Sanguinetti; Clara I. Osorio; Harald Herrmann; Rob Thew

2011-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

320

G-Band Vapor Radiometer Profiler (GVRP) Handbook  

SciTech Connect

The G-Band Vapor Radiometer Profiler (GVRP) provides time-series measurements of brightness temperatures from 15 channels between 170 and 183.310 GHz. Atmospheric emission in this spectral region is primarily due to water vapor, with some influence from liquid water. Channels between 170.0 and 176.0 GHz are particularly sensitive to the presence of liquid water. The sensitivity to water vapor of the 183.31-GHz line is approximately 30 times higher than at the frequencies of the two-channel microwave radiometer (MWR) for a precipitable water vapor (PWV) amount of less than 2.5 mm. Measurements from the GVRP instrument are therefore especially useful during low-humidity conditions (PWV < 5 mm). In addition to integrated water vapor and liquid water, the GVRP can provide low-resolution vertical profiles of water vapor in very dry conditions.

Caddeau, MP

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vieux desert band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

W-band ARM Cloud Radar (WACR) Handbook  

SciTech Connect

The W-band Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program Cloud Radar (WACR) systems are zenith pointing Doppler radars that probe the extent and composition of clouds at 95.04 GHz. The main purpose of this radar is to determine cloud boundaries (e.g., cloud bottoms and tops). This radar reports estimates for the first three spectra moments for each range gate up to 15 km. The 0th moment is reflectivity, the 1st moment is radial velocity, and the 2nd moment is spectral width. Also available are the raw spectra files. Unlike the millimeter wavelength cloud radar (MMCR), the WACR does not use pulse coding and operates in only copolarization and cross-polarization modes.

Widener, KB; Johnson, K

2005-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

322

Wide-band coherent receiver development for enhanced surveillance  

SciTech Connect

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been developing advanced coherent IR heterodyne receivers for plasma diagnostics in fusion reactors for over 20 years. Recent progress in wide band IR detectors and high speed electronics has significantly enhanced the measurement capabilities of coherent receivers. In addition, developments in new HgCdTe and quantum well IR photodetector (QWIP) focal plane arrays are providing the possibility of both active and passive coherent imaging. In this paper the authors discuss the implications of these new enabling technologies to the IR remote sensing community for enhanced surveillance. Coherent receivers, as opposed to direct or thermal detection, provide multiple dimensions of information about a scene or target in a single detector system. Combinations of range, velocity, temperature, and chemical species information are all available from a coherent heterodyne receiver. They present laboratory data showing measured noise equivalent power (NEP) of new QWIP detectors with heterodyne bandwidths greater than 7 GHz. For absorption measurements, a wide band coherent receiver provides the capability of looking between CO{sub 2} lines at off-resonance peaks and thus the measurement of lines normally inaccessible with conventional heterodyne or direct detection systems. Also described are differential absorption lidar (DIAL) and Doppler laboratory measurements using an 8 x 8 HgCdTe focal plane array demonstrating the snapshot capability of coherent receiver detector arrays for enhanced chemical plume and moving hardbody capture. Finally they discuss a variety of coherent receiver configurations that can suppress (or enhance) sensitivity of present active remote sensing systems to speckle, glint, and other measurement anomalies.

Simpson, M.L.; Richards, R.K.; Hutchinson, D.P.

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Theoretical analysis on effect of band offsets in perovskite solar cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The effect of band offsets in CH3NH3PbI3-xClx perovskite-based solar cells with planar junction configuration was analyzed using one-dimensional device simulator. As widely known in thin-film compound solar cells, the band offset between buffer/absorber layers is a decisive factor for carrier recombination at the interface, determining open-circuit voltage (Voc). In this study, the impact of two kinds of band offsets, i.e., the conduction band offset of buffer (or blocking layer)/absorber layers and the valence band offset of absorber/hole transport material (HTM) were examined. When the conduction band of the buffer was lower than that of the absorber, the interface recombination became prominent and Voc decreased. In contrast, when the conduction band of the buffer was higher than that of the absorber by more than 0.3eV, the collection of photo-generated carriers, i.e. electron in this case, was impeded by the spike formed by the conduction band offset. Thus, the optimum position of the conduction band of the buffer was 0.0~0.3eV higher than that of the absorber. Also, the optimum position of the valence band of the HTM was derived to be 0.0~0.2eV lower than that of the absorber. These findings will be useful for new material choice and optimization of buffers and HTMs.

Takashi Minemoto; Masashi Murata

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

SPECIAL INQUIRY ON OFFICE OF SPECIAL COUNSEL WHISTLEBOLOWER DISCLOSURE FILE NO. DI-10-1231: ALLEGATIONS REGARDING WESTERN AREA POWER ADMINISTRATION'S DESERT SOUTHWEST REGION, OAS-SR-11-01  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SPECIAL INQUIRY ON OFFICE OF SPECIAL COUNSEL WHISTLEBOLOWER SPECIAL INQUIRY ON OFFICE OF SPECIAL COUNSEL WHISTLEBOLOWER DISCLOSURE FILE NO. DI-10-1231: ALLEGATIONS REGARDING WESTERN AREA POWER ADMINISTRATION'S DESERT SOUTHWEST REGION, OAS-SR-11-01 The U.S. Office of Special Counsel requested the Department investigate a whistleblower disclosure that employees at the Western Area Power Administration's Desert Southwest Region engaged in conduct that constituted violation of law, rule or regulation; gross mismanagement; and gross waste of funds. Specifically, the disclosure alleged that Western had (a) improperly provided 90 megawatts per hour of free electric transmission to a full-service energy provider; and (b) violated Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Orders by continuing to allow the energy provider to receive free transmission. Our review did not substantiate the allegations.

325

H2O CO2 CH4-BEARING FLUID INCLUSIONS IN QUARTZ: INSIGHTS INTO THE ORIGIN AND EVOLUTION OF TWO DIFFERENT HYDROTHERMAL AU DEPOSITS FROM THE EGYPTIAN EASTERN DESERT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DIFFERENT HYDROTHERMAL AU DEPOSITS FROM THE EGYPTIAN EASTERN DESERT ZOHEIR, B.A.1, EL-SHAZLY, Aley K.2 and laser micro-Raman spectroscopy: (i) three phase aqueous - carbonic (H2O-CO2±CH4), (ii) two-phase carbonic (CO2±CH4±N2), and (iii) two phase, CO2-bearing, aqueous inclusions. Homogenization temperatures

El-Shazly, Aley

326

Calculation of the Energy Band Diagram of a Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting Cell  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Calculation of the Energy Band Diagram of a Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting Cell ... The model is based on the continuity equations for charge carriers and direct charge transfer from the energy bands to the electrolyte. ... A quantitative calculation of the position of the energy bands and the variation of the quasi-Fermi levels in the semiconductor with respect to the water reduction and oxidation potentials are presented. ...

Peter Cendula; S. David Tilley; Sixto Gimenez; Juan Bisquert; Matthias Schmid; Michael Grtzel; Jrgen O. Schumacher

2014-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

327

First identification of a collective band in the odd-odd Nb104 nucleus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The higher spin levels in neutron-rich Nb104 have been investigated from a study of the prompt ? rays in spontaneous fission of Cf252 with the Gammasphere detector array. A new collective band has been identified for the first time. This band is proposed as a semidecoupled band based on the configuration ?5/2-[303]??1/2-[541]. The other structural characteristics are discussed.

J. G. Wang (???); S. J. Zhu (???); J. H. Hamilton; A. V. Ramayya; J. K. Hwang; K. Li; Y. X. Luo; J. O. Rasmussen; I. Y. Lee; H. B. Ding (???); Q. Xu (??); L. Gu (??); S. H. Liu; C. T. Goodin; W. C. Ma

2008-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

328

E-Print Network 3.0 - appraisal band ligation Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

with bands visualized via silver staining or Coomassie Blue staining. Preparation of Synthetic DNA. A single Source: Barron, Annelise E. - Department of Bioengineering,...

329

System and Circuit Design Techniques for Silicon-based Multi-band/Multi-standard Receivers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

values of in-band ripples. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 48 Schematic-level simulation of is,RF (sRF )gm,RF Vin(sRF ) versus frequency for various IF in-band ripple. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 49 (a) Maximum 3-dB IF... values of in-band ripples. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 48 Schematic-level simulation of is,RF (sRF )gm,RF Vin(sRF ) versus frequency for various IF in-band ripple. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 49 (a) Maximum 3-dB IF...

El-Nozahi, Mohamed A.

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

330

Identification of a quasiparticle band in very neutron-rich Zr104  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The high spin levels of a very neutron-rich Zr104 nucleus have been reinvestigated by measuring the prompt ? rays in the spontaneous fission of Cf252. The ground-state band has been confirmed. A new sideband has been identified with a band-head energy at 1928.7 keV. The projected shell model is employed to investigate the band structure of Zr104. The results of calculated levels are in good agreement with the experimental data, and suggest that the new band in Zr104 may be based on the neutron ?5/2-[532]??3/2+[411] configuration.

E. Y. Yeoh (???); S. J. Zhu (???); J. H. Hamilton; A. V. Ramayya; Y. X. Liu (???); Y. Sun (??); J. K. Hwang; S. H. Liu; J. G. Wang (???); Y. X. Luo; J. O. Rasmussen; I. Y. Lee; H. B. Ding (???); L. Gu (??); Q. Xu (??); Z. G. Xiao (???)

2010-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

331

Theoretical performance of solar cell based on mini-bands quantum dots  

SciTech Connect

The tremendous amount of research in solar energy is directed toward intermediate band solar cell for its advantages compared with the conventional solar cell. The latter has lower efficiency because the photons have lower energy than the bandgap energy and cannot excite mobile carriers from the valence band to the conduction band. On the other hand, if mini intermediate band is introduced between the valence and conduction bands, then the smaller energy photons can be used to promote charge carriers transfer to the conduction band and thereby the total current increases while maintaining a large open circuit voltage. In this article, the influence of the new band on the power conversion efficiency for structure of quantum dots intermediate band solar cell is theoretically investigated and studied. The time-independent Schrdinger equation is used to determine the optimum width and location of the intermediate band. Accordingly, achievement of a maximum efficiency by changing the width of quantum dots and barrier distances is studied. Theoretical determination of the power conversion efficiency under the two different ranges of QD width is presented. From the obtained results, the maximum power conversion efficiency is about 70.42%. It is carried out for simple cubic quantum dot crystal under fully concentrated light. It is strongly dependent on the width of quantum dots and barrier distances.

Aly, Abou El-Maaty M., E-mail: drabouelmaaty@hotmail.com, E-mail: ashraf.nasr@gmail.com [Power Electronics and Energy Conversion Department, ERI, NRCB (Egypt); College of Computer, Qassim University, P.O.B. 6688, Buryadah 51453 (Saudi Arabia); Nasr, A., E-mail: drabouelmaaty@hotmail.com, E-mail: ashraf.nasr@gmail.com [Radiation Engineering Department, NCRRT, Atomic Energy Authority (Egypt); College of Computer, Qassim University, P.O.B. 6688, Buryadah 51453 (Saudi Arabia)

2014-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

332

Temperature dependent band offsets in PbSe/PbEuSe quantum well heterostructures  

SciTech Connect

The band offsets of PbSe/Pb{sub 1-x}Eu{sub x}Se multi-quantum wells grown by molecular beam epitaxy are determined as a function of temperature and europium content using temperature-modulated differential transmission spectroscopy. The confined quantum well states in the valence and conduction bands are analyzed using a k{center_dot}p model with envelope function approximation. From the fit of the experimental data, the normalized conduction band offset is determined as 0.45{+-}0.15 of the band gap difference, independently of Eu content up to 14% and temperature from 20 to 300 K.

Simma, M.; Bauer, G.; Springholz, G. [Institut fuer Halbleiter und Festkoerperphysik, Johannes Kepler Universitaet, A-4040 Linz (Austria)

2012-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

333

Accurate Band-Structure Calculations for the 3d Transition Metal...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

qualitatively improve the calculated bandgap energies (see table). * Using this method, electronic structure calculations with correct d-band energies and accurate absorption...

334

Stability of graphene band structures against an external periodic perturbation: Na on graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electronic structure of Na-adsorbed graphenes formed on the 6H-SiC(0001) substrate was studied using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy with synchrotron photons and ab initio pseudopotential calculations. It was found that the band of the graphenes sensitively changes upon Na adsorption especially at low temperature. With increasing Na dose, the ? band appears to be quickly diffused into the background at 85 K whereas it becomes significantly enhanced with its spectral intensity at room temperature (RT). A new parabolic band centered at k?1.15??1 also forms near Fermi energy with Na at 85 K while no such band was observed at RT. Such changes in the band structure are found to be reversible with temperature. The changes in the ? band of graphene are mainly driven by the Na-induced potential especially at low temperature where the potential becomes periodic due to the crystallized Na overlayer. The new parabolic band turns out to be the ? band of the underlying buffer layer partially filled by the charge transfer from Na adatoms. The increase in the hopping rate of Na adatoms at RT by 5 orders of magnitude prevents such a charge transfer, explaining the absence of the new band at RT.

C. G. Hwang; S. Y. Shin; Seon-Myeong Choi; N. D. Kim; S. H. Uhm; H. S. Kim; C. C. Hwang; D. Y. Noh; Seung-Hoon Jhi; J. W. Chung

2009-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

335

Banding Dates for Fall 2011 The Arboretum at Penn State Join us for bird banding in The Arboretum at Penn State. As the fall migrants move  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, with the assistance of Penn State students, will be banding (weather permitting) on the following dates: Sept. 10 program. Learn more about both the migrants that stop by the Arboretum to fuel up on their way south

Guiltinan, Mark

336

Precision Magnet Measurements for X-Band Accelerator Quadrupole Triplets  

SciTech Connect

An X-band test station is being developed at LLNL to investigate accelerator optimization for future upgrades to mono-energetic gamma-ray (MEGa-Ray) technology at LLNL. Beamline magnets will include an emittance compensation solenoid, windowpane steering dipoles, and quadrupole magnets. Demanding tolerances have been placed on the alignment of these magnets, which directly affects the electron bunch beam quality. A magnet mapping system has been established at LLNL in order to ensure the delivered magnets match their field specification, and the mountings are aligned and capable of reaching the specified alignment tolerances. The magnet measurement system will be described which uses a 3-axis Lakeshore gauss probe mounted on a 3-axis translation stage. Alignment accuracy and precision will be discussed, as well as centering measurements and analysis. The dependence on data analysis over direct multi-pole measurement allows a significant improvement in useful alignment information. Detailed analysis of measurements on the beamline quadrupoles will be discussed, including multi-pole content both from alignment of the magnets, and the intrinsic level of multi-pole magnetic field.

Marsh, R A; Anderson, S G; Armstrong, J P

2012-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

337

The FORTE receiver and sub-band triggering unit  

SciTech Connect

The FORTE payload receiver and trigger unit represent a significant advance over the currently flying BLACKBEARD payload aboard the ALEXIS satellite. Not only is the polarization sensitive antenna array massive compared to the BLACKBEARD monopole, but the event triggering scheme is completely different. Electromagnetic pulses (EWs) are dispersed when they pass through the ionosphere creating a chirped frequency signal which can be helpful in discriminating between natural and man-made signals. Payloads designed to digitize and store the RF signatures of these signals must include sophisticated triggering circuitry to select events of interest and prevent false alarms from wasting the available memory storage resources. The FORTE wideband receiver tunes from 20 to 320 MHz with eight sub-band trigger channels distributed across the 20 MHz IF bandwidth. The conditions which must be satisfied to generate an event trigger are processor controlled. Early testing of the prototype indicates an ability to reliably trigger on chirped RF signals several dB below the noise level. FORTE is scheduled to be launched with a Pegasus XL vehicle in late 1995.

Enemark, D.C.; Shipley, M.E.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Post-Closure Challenges of U.S. Department of Energy Sites in Desert Environments of the Southwestern United States - 12095  

SciTech Connect

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) sites located in harsh desert environments of the Four Corners region of the southwestern United States require diligence and continual maintenance to ensure the remediation systems function as designed to protect human health and the environment. The geology and climate of this area create issues that are unique to these sites. Geologic formations contain naturally occurring constituents that are often the same as the residual contaminants remaining from historical milling activities at the sites. Although annual precipitation is low, when precipitation events occur they can be of extreme intensity, resulting in erosion and flooding that can quickly destroy infrastructure and rapidly change site conditions. Winds can cause sand storms and sand mounding that effect site features. These challenging environmental conditions, along with the remote locations of the sites, require active management beyond what was originally envisioned for uranium disposal sites to address concerns in a safe and cost-effective manner. The unique environment of the Four Corners region creates many challenges to the LTSM of LM sites in southwestern United States. The remediation efforts and approaches to infrastructure have to be specifically structured to work in this environment. Often, the systems and structures have to be modified based on lessons learned on how to best adapt to these difficult conditions and remote locations. These sites require continual maintenance and additional efforts compared to many other LM sites. (authors)

Gil, April; Steckley, Deborah [U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management (United States); Gauthier, Cassie; Miller, David [S.M. Stoller Company, Contractor to the U.S. Department of Energy (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 230: Area 22 Sewage Lagoons and Corrective Action Unit 320: Area 22 Desert Rock Airport Strainer Box Nevada Test Site, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

This Closure Report (CR) describes the remediation activities performed and the results of verification sampling conducted at Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 230, Area 22 Sewage Lagoons and CAU 320, Area 22 Desert Rock Airport Strainer Box. The CAU is currently listed in Appendix III of the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO, 1996). The CAU is located in Area 22 of the Nevada Test Site (NTS) (Figure 1) and consists of the following Corrective Action Sites (CASs): 22-03-01- Sewage Lagoon (CAU 230); and 22-99-01- Strainer Box (CAU 320). Included with CAS 22-99-01 is a buried Imhoff tank and a sludge bed. These CAUs will be collectively referred to in this plan as the Area 22 Sewage Lagoons site. Site characterization activities were done during September 1999. Characterization of the manholes associated with the septic system leading to the Imhoff tank was done during March 2000. The results of the characterization presented in the Corrective Action Decision Document (CADD) indicated that only the sludge bed (CAS 22-99-01) contained constituents of concern (COC) above action levels and required remediation (U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office [DOE/NV], 2000a).

D. S. Tobiason

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

TWO PLANETARY COMPANIONS AROUND THE K7 DWARF GJ 221: A HOT SUPER-EARTH AND A CANDIDATE IN THE SUB-SATURN DESERT RANGE  

SciTech Connect

We report two low-mass companions orbiting the nearby K7 dwarf GJ 221 that have emerged from reanalyzing 4.4 yr of publicly available HARPS spectra complemented with 2 years of high-precision Doppler measurements with Magellan/PFS. The HARPS measurements alone contain the clear signal of a low-mass companion with a period of 125 days and a minimum mass of 53.2 M{sub Circled-Plus} (GJ 221b), falling in a mass range where very few planet candidates have been found (sub-Saturn desert). The addition of 17 PFS observations allows the confident detection of a second low-mass companion (6.5 M{sub Circled-Plus }) in a hot orbit (3.87 day period, GJ 221c). Spectroscopic and photometric calibrations suggest that GJ 221 is slightly depleted ([Fe/H] {approx} -0.1) compared to the Sun, so the presence of two low-mass companions in the system confirms the trend that slightly reduced stellar metallicity does not prevent the formation of planets in the super-Earth to sub-Saturn mass regime.

Arriagada, Pamela; Minniti, Dante [Department of Astronomy, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Casilla 306, Santiago 22 (Chile); Anglada-Escude, Guillem; Butler, R. Paul [Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 5241 Broad Branch Road NW, Washington, DC 20015-1305 (United States); Crane, Jeffrey D.; Shectman, Stephen A.; Thompson, Ian [The Observatories of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); Wende, Sebastian, E-mail: parriaga@astro.puc.cl [Institut fuer Astrophysik, Universitaet Goettingen, Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, D-37077 Goettingen (Germany)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vieux desert band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Complex vibrational correlation functions extracted from the resolved band of liquid acetonitrilem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that we choose (or construct) an appropriate theoretical model for the shapes of the constituent bands (often referred to as line shapes) that is based upon two factors. The Ðrst comprises the existing acetonitrile. A new approach for extracting all possible band shape details of highly overlapping spectral

Nerukh, Dmitry

342

Eurospeech 2001 -Scandinavia Sub-Band Based Additive Noise Removal for Robust Speech  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Eurospeech 2001 - Scandinavia Sub-Band Based Additive Noise Removal for Robust Speech Recognition J analysis, etc. We will then introduce a sub-band based scheme to remove the noise effect from corrupted speech to make recognition system immune to additive noise. We will report on experiments on TI digits

343

Distributed Compressive Wide-Band Spectrum Ying Wang , Ashish Pandharipande , Yvan Lamelas Polo and Geert Leus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-band spectrum sensing, Cognitive radio, Spectrum estimation. I. INTRODUCTION Efficient utilization of radio and services and the dearth of available spectrum for licensed allocation [13]. Recent spectrum measurements have shown that large portions of licensed spectrum, notably in the VHF-UHF bands licensed

Leus, Geert

344

7/3/2013 17/3/2013 1 Control Banding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.e. explosion or chemical release) In the 1980s the pharmaceutical industry attempted to stratify hazards(5):330346. #12;7/3/2013 77/3/2013 7 History of Control Banding In 1996 the pharmaceutical industry expanded #12;7/3/2013 87/3/2013 8 Control Banding Models PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY MODEL SMALL BUSINESS MODEL

Farritor, Shane

345

InAlAs EPITAXIAL GROWTH FOR WIDE BAND GAP SOLAR CELLS Marina S. Leite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

InAlAs EPITAXIAL GROWTH FOR WIDE BAND GAP SOLAR CELLS Marina S. Leite 1 , Robyn L. Woo 2 , William vapor phase epitaxy and wide band gap solar cell fabrication. X-ray diffraction and transmissionAlAs solar cells lattice-matched to InP were grown and electrically characterized under AM 1.5 global 1-sun

Atwater, Harry

346

Band-engineered SrTiO{sub 3} nanowires for visible light photocatalysis  

SciTech Connect

We have theoretically investigated the structural, electronic, and optical properties of perovskite SrTiO{sub 3} nanowires for use in visible light photocatalytic applications using pseudopotential density-functional theory calculations. The electronic structure calculations show that the band gap is modified in the SrTiO{sub 3} nanowires compared with that of the bulk. For TiO{sub 2}-terminated nanowires, the mid-band states induced by the combination of oxygen and strontium atoms on the surface lead to a shift in the valence band toward the conduction band without interference from the edge of the conduction band, which reduces the band gap. On the contrary, the electronic states induced by the combination of oxygen and strontium atoms on the surface of SrO-terminated nanowires lead to a shift in the conduction band toward the valence band. The calculated optical results indicate that the absorption edge of the nanowires shift towards the red-light region. These theoretical results suggest that perovskite SrTiO{sub 3} nanowires are promising candidates for use in visible light photocatalytic processes such as solar-assisted water splitting reactions.

Fu, Q.; He, T.; Li, J. L.; Yang, G. W. [State Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials and Technologies, Institute of Optoelectronic and Functional Composite Materials, Nanotechnology Research Center, School of Physics and Engineering, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong (China)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

347

A Theory-Based Hydrometeor Identification Algorithm for X-Band Polarimetric Radars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Theory-Based Hydrometeor Identification Algorithm for X-Band Polarimetric Radars BRENDA DOLAN, and comparisons are made with similar S-band hydrometeor identification algorithms applied to data from the S for illustrating bulk hydrometeor types and qualitatively agrees with analysis from KOUN. A simple reflectivity

Rutledge, Steven

348

Band structure engineering through orbital interaction for enhanced thermoelectric power factor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

interaction on band structure is demonstrated for IV-VI thermoelectric semiconductors. For IV-VI materials, we thermoelectric performance has been demonstrated in the premier thermoelectric material, lead telluride (PbBand structure engineering through orbital interaction for enhanced thermoelectric power factor

Ceder, Gerbrand

349

Calibration of Indoor UWB Sub-band Divided Ray Tracing Using Multiobjective Simulated Annealing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Sweden; 5 ICTEAM, Universit´e catholique de Louvain, Belgium Abstract--Sub-band divided ray tracing (RT) has been widely used to reproduce as reliably as possible the ultra-wideband (UWB) radio wave the accuracy of sub-band divided RT in terms of the power delay profile (PDP) and the root mean square (RMS

Zemen, Thomas

350

Light trapping design for low band-gap polymer solar cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Light trapping design for low band-gap polymer solar cells Stephen Foster1,* and Sajeev John1,2 1 demonstrate numerically a 2-D nanostructured design for light trapping in a low band-gap polymer solar cell, "Light harvesting improvement of organic solar cells with self- enhanced active layer designs," Opt

John, Sajeev

351

A Dual-Band Antenna for WLAN Applications by Double Rectangular Patch with 4-Bridges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Dual-Band Antenna for WLAN Applications by Double Rectangular Patch with 4-Bridges Chang won Jung, Irvine, Irvine, CA, 92697, USA Abstract: Double rectangular patch with 4-bridges is investigated for solution of IEEE 802.11b/g (2.4GHz) and 802.11a (5.5GHz). Rectangular patch for 5.5GHz frequency band

De Flaviis, Franco

352

Iodine stabilization of a diode laser in the optical communication band  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Iodine stabilization of a diode laser in the optical communication band Hsiang-Chen Chui and Sen September 23, 2004 The iodine molecule has frequently been used as a frequency reference from the green provides a simple, compact, and high-performance frequency reference in the optical communication band

Shy,Jow-Tsong

353

A New Gap-Opening Mechanism in a Triple-Band Metal  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Gap-Opening Mechanism in a A New Gap-Opening Mechanism in a Triple-Band Metal A New Gap-Opening Mechanism in a Triple-Band Metal Print Wednesday, 23 February 2005 00:00 A "wire" of indium only one or a few atoms wide grown on a silicon surface comprises an ideal test laboratory for studying one-dimensional (1D) metals. A new example comes from a collaboration between researchers from Yonsei University in Korea, the ALS, and the University of Oregon, who have discovered that the phase transition from metal to insulator that occurs at low temperature in indium wires on the silicon (111) surface involves not only the expected shift in the electronic structure (band-gap opening) but also a band restructuring that gives rise to an energy gap in a second band. Three's a Crowd

354

Valence- and conduction-band structure of the sapphire (1102) surface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

X-ray photoelectron (XPS) and electron-energy-loss spectroscopies have been employed to investigate the valence- and conduction-band densities of states of the sapphire (1102) surface. The photoemission spectrum of the valence-band region has been adjusted to remove cross-section effects and compared to the recent theoretical density of states calculated by Ciraci and Batra. The energy-loss data have been used to determine the bulk-plasmon energy of sapphire, 24.00.3 eV, as well as the locations of eight regions of high conduction-bandstate density within 20 eV above the conduction-band minimum. One of these regions is an empty surface state 4.0 eV below the conduction-band minimum. Several high-binding-energy satellites in the XPS core-level spectra are reported and interpreted in terms of energy losses to plasmons and interband transitions.

W. J. Gignac; R. Stanley Williams; Steven P. Kowalczyk

1985-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

355

Dilute Group III-V nitride intermediate band solar cells with contact blocking layers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An intermediate band solar cell (IBSC) is provided including a p-n junction based on dilute III-V nitride materials and a pair of contact blocking layers positioned on opposite surfaces of the p-n junction for electrically isolating the intermediate band of the p-n junction by blocking the charge transport in the intermediate band without affecting the electron and hole collection efficiency of the p-n junction, thereby increasing open circuit voltage (V.sub.OC) of the IBSC and increasing the photocurrent by utilizing the intermediate band to absorb photons with energy below the band gap of the absorber layers of the IBSC. Hence, the overall power conversion efficiency of a IBSC will be much higher than an conventional single junction solar cell. The p-n junction absorber layers of the IBSC may further have compositionally graded nitrogen concentrations to provide an electric field for more efficient charge collection.

Walukiewicz, Wladyslaw (Kensington, CA); Yu, Kin Man (Lafayette, CA)

2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

356

The Intermediate-band Dropout Method: A New Method to Search for High-Redshift Galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a new method to search for high-redshift galaxies that is based on an intermediate-band dropout technique rather than the usual broad-band dropout one. In this method, we use an intermediate-band filter whose central wavelength is longer than 7000 \\AA. This new method makes it possible to distinguish both very late-type stars such as L and T dwarfs and dusty galaxies at intermediate redshift from real high-$z$ Lyman break galaxies. The reason for this is that such interlopers do not show strong intermediate-band depression although they have very red broad-band colors that are indicative of Lyman break galaxies. Applying our new method to imaging data sets obtained with the Suprime-Cam on the Subaru Telescope, we find a new sample of Lyman break galaxies at $z \\simeq 5$.

Shioya, Y; Ajiki, M; Nagao, T; Murayama, T; Sasaki, S; Sumiya, R; Hatakeyama, Y; Shioya, Yasuhiro; Taniguchi, Yoshiaki; Ajiki, Masaru; Nagao, Tohru; Murayama, Takashi; Sasaki, Shunji; Sumiya, Ryoko; Hatakeyama, Yuichiro

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Ternary silicon germanium nitrides: A class of tunable band gap materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ternary silicon germanium nitrides with compositions of both Si1?xGexN and (Si1?xGex)3N4 are predicted to have a band gap that decreases as the germanium:silicon ratio increases. The band gap is indirect for the silicon-rich compounds but becomes direct as the germanium content increases, due to greater mixing of s and p states in the conduction band. This effect of band gap tunability has recently been reported for (Si1?xGex)3N4 in the spinel structure [Boyko et al., Phys. Rev. B 81, 155207 (2010)]. Our results suggest that this is a more general effect and that ternary group-14 nitrides should form a class of semiconducting materials for which the band gap can be tuned by controlling the composition.

Judy N. Hart; Neil L. Allan; Frederik Claeyssens

2011-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

358

Defect-Band Emission Photoluminescence Imaging on Multi-Crystalline Si Solar Cells: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Defect-band photoluminescence (PL) imaging with an InGaAs camera was applied to multicrystalline silicon (mc-Si) wafers, which were taken from different heights of different Si bricks. Neighboring wafers were picked at six different processing steps, from as-cut to post-metallization. By using different cut-off filters, we were able to separate the band-to-band emission images from the defect-band emission images. On the defect-band emission images, the bright regions that originate from the grain boundaries and defect clusters were extracted from the PL images. The area fraction percentage of these regions at various processing stages shows a correlation with the final cell electrical parameters.

Yan, F.; Johnston, S.; Zaunbrecher, K.; Al-Jassim, M.; Sidelkheir, O.; Blosse, A.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

A New Gap-Opening Mechanism in a Triple-Band Metal  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Gap-Opening Mechanism in a Triple-Band Metal Print A New Gap-Opening Mechanism in a Triple-Band Metal Print A "wire" of indium only one or a few atoms wide grown on a silicon surface comprises an ideal test laboratory for studying one-dimensional (1D) metals. A new example comes from a collaboration between researchers from Yonsei University in Korea, the ALS, and the University of Oregon, who have discovered that the phase transition from metal to insulator that occurs at low temperature in indium wires on the silicon (111) surface involves not only the expected shift in the electronic structure (band-gap opening) but also a band restructuring that gives rise to an energy gap in a second band. Three's a Crowd For the condensed-matter physicist, the words "electronic structure" are what it's all about. Short-hand for a description of the way electrons behave in solids, liquids, molecules, and even atoms, electronic structure underlies almost all of the everyday properties of matter from structural strength to electrical conductivity. For example, metals conduct electricity because some of their electrons have access to a continuous band of energies, whereas a break or gap in the band turns the metal into an insulator.

360

A New Gap-Opening Mechanism in a Triple-Band Metal  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Gap-Opening Mechanism in a Triple-Band Metal Print A New Gap-Opening Mechanism in a Triple-Band Metal Print A "wire" of indium only one or a few atoms wide grown on a silicon surface comprises an ideal test laboratory for studying one-dimensional (1D) metals. A new example comes from a collaboration between researchers from Yonsei University in Korea, the ALS, and the University of Oregon, who have discovered that the phase transition from metal to insulator that occurs at low temperature in indium wires on the silicon (111) surface involves not only the expected shift in the electronic structure (band-gap opening) but also a band restructuring that gives rise to an energy gap in a second band. Three's a Crowd For the condensed-matter physicist, the words "electronic structure" are what it's all about. Short-hand for a description of the way electrons behave in solids, liquids, molecules, and even atoms, electronic structure underlies almost all of the everyday properties of matter from structural strength to electrical conductivity. For example, metals conduct electricity because some of their electrons have access to a continuous band of energies, whereas a break or gap in the band turns the metal into an insulator.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vieux desert band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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361

The Band Spectra of SbF and BiF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

New band spectra attributed to the molecules SbF and BiF have been excited by active nitrogen. The spectrum of SbF from 2000-5500A is found to have three groups of bands lying in the regions 3600-5200A, 2600-2700A and 2200-2430A. Analysis of the first group shows that sixty-one bands out of sixty-nine can be placed into two systems with the following vibrational constants, in cm-1: System?e?e?xe??e??e??xe???e??A121887.5411.31.71616.92.89A223992.5420.01.75612.62.58 The second group consists of a few isolated bands degraded to shorter wave-lengths and the third of bands in closely spaced sequences and also degraded to shorter wave-lengths. A preliminary analysis indicates that the bands in the latter group can be placed into two systems for which ?e??700 cm-1, ?e???620 cm-1 and ??21?1850 cm-1. Three new systems of bands, degraded to shorter wave-lengths and forming a triplet system with wide multiplet separations, (7330 cm-1 and 4800 cm-1), are found in the spectrum of BiF at 3050-3250A, 2650-2850A and 2250-2350A. Photographs taken with small dispersion indicate that ?e??620 cm-1 and ?e???520 cm-1.

George D. Rochester

1937-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

362

Electronic- and band-structure evolution in low-doped (Ga,Mn)As  

SciTech Connect

Modulation photoreflectance spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy have been applied to study the electronic- and band-structure evolution in (Ga,Mn)As epitaxial layers with increasing Mn doping in the range of low Mn content, up to 1.2%. Structural and magnetic properties of the layers were characterized with high-resolution X-ray diffractometry and SQUID magnetometery, respectively. The revealed results of decrease in the band-gap-transition energy with increasing Mn content in very low-doped (Ga,Mn)As layers with n-type conductivity are interpreted as a result of merging the Mn-related impurity band with the host GaAs valence band. On the other hand, an increase in the band-gap-transition energy with increasing Mn content in (Ga,Mn)As layers with higher Mn content and p-type conductivity indicates the Moss-Burstein shift of the absorption edge due to the Fermi level location within the valence band, determined by the free-hole concentration. The experimental results are consistent with the valence-band origin of mobile holes mediating ferromagnetic ordering in the (Ga,Mn)As diluted ferromagnetic semiconductor.

Yastrubchak, O.; Gluba, L.; ?uk, J. [Institute of Physics, UMCS, Pl. Marii Curie-Sk?odowskiej 1, 20-031 Lublin (Poland)] [Institute of Physics, UMCS, Pl. Marii Curie-Sk?odowskiej 1, 20-031 Lublin (Poland); Sadowski, J. [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 02-668 Warszawa (Poland) [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 02-668 Warszawa (Poland); MAX-Lab, Lund University, 22100 Lund (Sweden); Krzy?anowska, H. [Institute of Physics, UMCS, Pl. Marii Curie-Sk?odowskiej 1, 20-031 Lublin (Poland) [Institute of Physics, UMCS, Pl. Marii Curie-Sk?odowskiej 1, 20-031 Lublin (Poland); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, 6506 Stevenson Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37325 (United States); Domagala, J. Z.; Andrearczyk, T.; Wosinski, T. [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 02-668 Warszawa (Poland)] [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 02-668 Warszawa (Poland)

2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

363

A New Gap-Opening Mechanism in a Triple-Band Metal  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Gap-Opening Mechanism in a Triple-Band Metal Print A New Gap-Opening Mechanism in a Triple-Band Metal Print A "wire" of indium only one or a few atoms wide grown on a silicon surface comprises an ideal test laboratory for studying one-dimensional (1D) metals. A new example comes from a collaboration between researchers from Yonsei University in Korea, the ALS, and the University of Oregon, who have discovered that the phase transition from metal to insulator that occurs at low temperature in indium wires on the silicon (111) surface involves not only the expected shift in the electronic structure (band-gap opening) but also a band restructuring that gives rise to an energy gap in a second band. Three's a Crowd For the condensed-matter physicist, the words "electronic structure" are what it's all about. Short-hand for a description of the way electrons behave in solids, liquids, molecules, and even atoms, electronic structure underlies almost all of the everyday properties of matter from structural strength to electrical conductivity. For example, metals conduct electricity because some of their electrons have access to a continuous band of energies, whereas a break or gap in the band turns the metal into an insulator.

364

Band gap tuning and optical absorption in type-II InAs/GaSb mid infrared short period superlattices: 14 bands K Dot-Operator p study  

SciTech Connect

The MBE growth of short-period InAs/GaSb type-II superlattice structures, varied around 20.5 A InAs/24 A GaSb were [J. Applied physics, 96, 2580 (2004)] carried out by Haugan et al. These SLs were designed to produce devices with an optimum mid-infrared photoresponse and a sharpest photoresponse cutoff. We have used a realistic and reliable 14-band k.p formalism description of the superlattice electronic band structure to calculate the absorption coefficient in such short-period InAs/GaSb type-II superlattices. The parameters for this formalism are known from fitting to independent experiments for the bulk materials. The band-gap energies are obtained without any fitting parameters, and are in good agreement with experimental data.

AbuEl-Rub, Khaled M. [Department of Applied Physical Sciences, Jordan University of Science and Technology Irbid, 21141 (Jordan)

2012-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

365

Impacts of interrelated biotic and abiotic processes during the past 125000 years of landscape evolution in the Northern Mojave Desert, Nevada, USA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Interrelated, biotic (flora and fauna) and abiotic (pedogenesis and hydrology) processes were examined at four sites (30, and approximately 10003000, 700012000, and 125000 years before present) in the northern Mojave Desert. Data collected at each included floral and faunal surveys; soil texture, structure, and morphology; and soil hydraulic properties. Separate measurements were made in shrub undercanopy and intercanopy microsites. At all sites, shrubs made up greater than 86 percent of total perennial cover, being least on the youngest site (4 percent) and most on the 700012000-year-old site (31 percent). In the intercanopy, winter annual density was highest on the 1000- to 3000-year-old site (249plants/m2) and lowest on the oldest site (4plants/m2). Faunal activity, measured by burrow density, was highest on the 10003000- and 700012000-year-old sites (0.21burrows/m2) and density was twice as high in the undercanopy versus the intercanopy. Burrow density was lower at the two oldest sites, although density was not statistically greater in the undercanopy than intercanopy. At the older sites, the soil water balance was increasingly controlled by Av horizons in intercanopy soils in which saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ksat) decreased 95 percent from the youngest to the oldest site. No significant reduction in Ksat in undercanopy soils was observed. Decreases in the intercanopy sites correlated with decreases in annual plant density and bioturbation, suggesting these processes are interrelated with surface age.

D.S. Shafer; M.H. Young; S.F. Zitzer; T.G. Caldwell; E.V. McDonald

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Atmospheric glow discharges from the high-frequency to very high-frequency bands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This letter reports an experimental investigation of an atmospheric glow discharge in both the high-frequency (HF) band of 330 MHz and the very high frequency band of 30300 MHz. At constant input power increased frequency is found to change little the electron density and to reduce slightly the electron excitation temperature. Significantly an eightfold frequency increase from 20 to 80 MHz leads to a 20-fold increase in the maximum plasma power without plasma constriction. The maximum power density of 355 ? W / cm 3 achieved at 80 MHz is far greater than those reported in the HF band.

J. L. Walsh; F. Iza; M. G. Kong

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Atmospheric glow discharges from the high-frequency to very high-frequency bands  

SciTech Connect

This letter reports an experimental investigation of an atmospheric glow discharge in both the high-frequency (HF) band of 3-30 MHz and the very high frequency band of 30-300 MHz. At constant input power, increased frequency is found to change little the electron density and to reduce slightly the electron excitation temperature. Significantly, an eightfold frequency increase from 20 to 80 MHz leads to a 20-fold increase in the maximum plasma power without plasma constriction. The maximum power density of 355 W/cm{sup 3} achieved at 80 MHz is far greater than those reported in the HF band.

Walsh, J. L.; Iza, F.; Kong, M. G. [Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire LE11 3TU (United Kingdom)

2008-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

368

Band structure properties of (BGa)P semiconductors for lattice matched integration on (001) silicon  

SciTech Connect

We report the band structure properties of (BGa)P layers grown on silicon substrate using metal-organic vapour-phase epitaxy. Using surface photo-voltage spectroscopy we find that both the direct and indirect band gaps of (BGa)P alloys (strained and unstrained) decrease with Boron content. Our experimental results suggest that the band gap of (BGa)P layers up to 6% Boron is large and suitable to be used as cladding and contact layers in GaP-based quantum well heterostructures on silicon substrates.

Hossain, Nadir; Sweeney, Stephen [Advanced Technology Institute and Department of Physics, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH (United Kingdom); Hosea, Jeff [Advanced Technology Institute and Department of Physics, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH, UK and Ibnu Sina Institute for Fundamental Science Studies, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru 81310 (Malaysia); Liebich, Sven; Zimprich, Martin; Volz, Kerstin; Stolz, Wolfgang [Material Sciences Center and Faculty of Physics, Philipps-University, 35032 Marburg (Germany); Kunert, Bernerdette [NAsP III/V GmbH, Am Knechtacker 19, 35041 Marburg (Germany)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

369

Pathogenic Interactions Between Sorghum Yellow Banding Virus and Other Viruses Infecting Sorghum.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Between Sorghum Yellow Banding Virus and Other Viruses Infecting Sorghum M.P.K.J. Theu and R. W. Toler1 Abstract A pathogenic interaction between sorghum yel low banding virus (SYBV) and maize dwarf mosaic (MDMV-A) virus was proved. Inoculation... Microscope Operation. 6th ed. North-Holland., Amsterdam. 326 pp. 3 2. McClelen, C.E., and R.W. Toler. 1989. The ultra structural aspects of infection of Zea mays c.v. Silver Queen by sorghum yellow banding virus (SYBV). (ABSTR.) Phytopathology 79...

Theu, M.P.K.J; Toler, R.W.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Emergence of rotational bands in ab initio no-core configuration interaction calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rotational bands have been observed to emerge in ab initio no-core configuration interaction (NCCI) calculations for p-shell nuclei, as evidenced by rotational patterns for excitation energies, electromagnetic moments, and electromagnetic transitions. We investigate the ab initio emergence of nuclear rotation in the Be isotopes, focusing on 9Be for illustration, and make use of basis extrapolation methods to obtain ab initio predictions of rotational band parameters for comparison with experiment. We find robust signatures for rotational motion, which reproduce both qualitative and quantitative features of the experimentally observed bands.

M. A. Caprio; P. Maris; J. P. Vary; R. Smith

2015-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

371

Coherent states model for three interacting bands of positive parity in the rotational limit and its extension to negative parity bands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The coherent state model (CSM) which was previously proposed to describe the ground, beta, and gamma bands of even-even nuclei, is considered for the special case of large deformations. Asymptotic expressions for the excitation energies and the B(E2) values are analitically written. The final formulas for energies are first tested on 232Th and then applied to several even-mass isotopes of U and Hf. Branching ratios are calculated for 232Th, where relevant data exist. The CSM is extended so that two excited octupole bands are included. The numerical study shows very good agreement with the experimental data.

A.A R?duta; C ?abac

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Band Offsets at the Epitaxial Anatase TiO2/n-SrTiO3(001) Interface...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to measure valence band offsets at the epitaxial anatase TiO2(002)n-SrTiO3(001) heterojunction prepared by molecular beam epitaxy, Within experimental error, the valance band...

373

ARM - Evaluation Product - Active Remote Sensing of Clouds from Ka-band ARM  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ProductsActive Remote Sensing of Clouds from Ka-band ProductsActive Remote Sensing of Clouds from Ka-band ARM Zenith Radars Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Evaluation Product : Active Remote Sensing of Clouds from Ka-band ARM Zenith Radars Site(s) GAN SGP General Description The Ka-band ARM Zenith Radars (KAZRs) have replaced the long-serving Millimeter Cloud Radars, or MMCRs. Accordingly, the primary MMCR Value Added Product (VAP), the Active Remote Sensing of CLouds (ARSCL) product, is being replaced by a KAZR-based version, the KAZR-ARSCL VAP. KAZR-ARSCL provides cloud boundaries and best-estimate time-height fields of radar moments. KAZR observations are corrected for water vapor attenuation and velocity aliasing and significant detection masks are produced. KAZR-ARSCL

374

Criterion for purely elastic Taylor-Couette instability in the flows of shear-banding fluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the past twenty years, shear-banding flows have been probed by various techniques, such as rheometry, velocimetry and flow birefringence. In micellar solutions, many of the data collected exhibit unexplained spatio-temporal ...

Fardin, M. A.

375

Formation of bands and ridges on Europa by cyclic deformation: Insights from analogue wax experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, California, USA Antoine Sinton Departement des Sciences de la Matiere, Ecole Normale Superieure, Lyon, France); KEYWORDS: Europa, ridges, tidal deformation Citation: Manga, M., and A. Sinton (2004), Formation of bands

Manga, Michael

376

E-Print Network 3.0 - angstrom extinction band Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

extinction band Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 GoMACCS Planning Meeting, 19 April 2006 NASA King Air B200 Deployment Plans for Summary: measurements Color ratio (or Angstrom...

377

Identification of a quasiparticle band in very neutron-rich {sup 104}Zr  

SciTech Connect

The high spin levels of a very neutron-rich {sup 104}Zr nucleus have been reinvestigated by measuring the prompt {gamma} rays in the spontaneous fission of {sup 252}Cf. The ground-state band has been confirmed. A new sideband has been identified with a band-head energy at 1928.7 keV. The projected shell model is employed to investigate the band structure of {sup 104}Zr. The results of calculated levels are in good agreement with the experimental data, and suggest that the new band in {sup 104}Zr may be based on the neutron {nu}5/2{sup -}[532] x {nu}3/2{sup +}[411] configuration.

Yeoh, E. Y.; Wang, J. G.; Ding, H. B.; Gu, L.; Xu, Q.; Xiao, Z. G. [Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Zhu, S. J. [Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Department of Physics, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235 (United States); Hamilton, J. H.; Ramayya, A. V.; Hwang, J. K.; Liu, S. H. [Department of Physics, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235 (United States); Liu, Y. X. [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000 (China); School of Science, Huzhou Teachers College, Huzhou 313000 (China); Sun, Y. [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Luo, Y. X. [Department of Physics, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235 (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Rasmussen, J. O.; Lee, I. Y. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

378

On the K{sup {pi}} = 0{sup +} rotational bands in the {sup 178}Hf nucleus  

SciTech Connect

The results obtained by studying the angular distributions of gamma rays with respect to the neutron-beam axis in the reaction {sup 178}Hf(n, n'{gamma}) involving the deexcitation of the K{sup {pi}} = 0{sup +} rotational bands of {sup 178}Hf are presented.New information about themultipole-mixing parameter {delta} in gamma transitions from the levels of these bands is obtained. The K{sup {pi}} = 0{sub 4}{sup +} band is constructed anew. The relationship between the parameter {delta} for the (2{sup +}0{sub n}-2{sup +}0{sub 1}) gamma transition and the energy gap {Delta}{sub n} = E{sub lev}(2{sup +}0{sub n}) - E{sub lev}(0{sup +}0{sub n}), on one hand, and the quasiparticle structure of the rotational band, on the other hand, is discussed for {sup 178}Hf on the basis of the quasiparticle-phonon model.

Govor, L. I.; Demidov, A. M.; Kurkin, V. A., E-mail: kurkin@polyn.kiae.su; Mikhailov, I. V. [Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

379

Intrinsic electron and hole bands in electron-doped cuprate superconductors  

SciTech Connect

We propose that the upper Hubbard band (electron-like) and the Zhang-Rice singlet band (holelike) are two essential components in describing low-energy excitations of electron-doped cuprate superconductors. We find that the gap between these two bands is significantly smaller than the charge-transfer gap measured by optics and is further reduced upon doping. This indicates that the charge fluctuation is strong and the system is in the intermediate correlation regime. A two-band model is derived. In the limit that the intraband and interband hopping integrals are equal to each other, this model is equivalent to the unconstrained t-J model with on-site Coulomb repulsions.

Xiang, T.

2010-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

380

GaNAsP: An intermediate band semiconductor grown by gas-source molecular beam epitaxy  

SciTech Connect

Dilute nitride GaNAsP thin films were grown via a GaAsP metamorphic buffer on GaP(100) substrate with gas-source molecular beam epitaxy. The compositions of this III-V-V-V compound were determined by channeling Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy and nuclear reaction analysis. Photoreflectance shows two distinctive transitions from the valence band to the split conduction bands due to N incorporation. Photoluminescence and optical absorption show the fundamental bandgap of Ga(N)AsP is largely tailored by the small amount of N. The observed multiband characteristics and the bandgap tunability of GaNAsP are two merits that fit into the intermediate-band solar cell roadmap, and GaNAsP of high crystal quality provides a strong candidate for intermediate band solar cell materials.

Kuang, Y. J. [Department of Physics, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States)] [Department of Physics, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States); Yu, K. M.; Walukiewicz, W. [Electronic Materials Program, Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] [Electronic Materials Program, Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Kudrawiec, R. [Electronic Materials Program, Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States) [Electronic Materials Program, Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Institute of Physics, Wroclaw University of Technology, Wybrzeze, Wyspianskiego 27, 50-370 Wroclaw (Poland); Luce, A. V. [Electronic Materials Program, Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States) [Electronic Materials Program, Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Ting, M. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Tu, C. W. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States)] [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States)

2013-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vieux desert band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Raman excitation profile of the G band in single-chirality carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present in this work measurements of the Raman excitation profile of the high-energy phonons (G band) in single-chirality (n,m) semiconducting single-wall carbon nanotubes using more than 70 laser excitation energies, ...

Moura, L. G.

382

G? band in double- and triple-walled carbon nanotubes: A Raman study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Double- and triple-walled carbon nanotubes are studied in detail by laser energy-dependent Raman spectroscopy in order to get a deeper understanding about the second-order G[superscript '] band Raman process, general ...

Hirschmann, Thomas Ch.

383

Bloch band and Bloch waves of superfluid Fermi gases in optical lattices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Bloch band and stabilities of Bloch waves of superfluid Fermi gases in one-dimensional (1D) periodic optical lattices are discussed. Within the hydrodynamical theory and the two-mode approximation, the Bloch band structure, the energetic and dynamical instabilities of Bloch waves at the first Brilliouin zone are presented. The results show that, when the atom density is beyond a critical value, a loop structure in the Bloch band at the zone edge is developed along the BEC-BCS crossover. The Bloch band structure and the stabilities of Bloch waves are modified dramatically when the system crosses from the BEC side to the BCS side, and they can be adjusted to the required characteristics by changing the atoms interaction (with the Feshbach resonance technique), the atom density, and the lattice parameters. The analytical expressions of the critical atom density for exciting the loop structure and maintaining the stabilities of Bloch waves are obtained.

Wei Qi and Ju-Kui Xue

2010-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

384

Evolution of Mesoscale Precipitation Band Environments within the Comma Head of Northeast U.S. Cyclones  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper explores the mesoscale forcing and stability evolution of intense precipitation bands in the comma head sector of extratropical cyclones using the 32-km North American Regional Reanalysis, hourly 20-km Rapid Update Cycle analyses, and ...

David R. Novak; Brian A. Colle; Anantha R. Aiyyer

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Improved color coordinates of green monochromatic pc-LED capped with a band-pass filter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study introduces a greener green monochromatic phosphor-converted light-emitting diode (pc-LED) using a band-pass filter (BPF) combined with a long-pass dichroic...

Oh, Ji Hye; Yang, Su Ji; Sung, Yeon-Goog; Do, Young Rag

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Spin-rotor Interpretation of Identical Bands and Quantized Alignment in Superdeformed A $\\approx$ 190 Nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ``identical'' bands in superdeformed mercury, thallium, and lead nuclei are interpreted as examples of orbital angular momentum rotors with the weak spin-orbit coupling of pseudo-$SU(3)$ symmetries and supersymmetries.

J. A. Cizewski; R. Bijker

1995-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

387

Zone folding effect in Raman G-band intensity of twisted bilayer graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The G-band Raman intensity is calculated for twisted bilayer graphene as a function of laser excitation energy based on the extended tight binding method. Here we explicitly consider the electron-photon and electron-phonon ...

Dresselhaus, Mildred

388

InAs/GaAs Quantum-Dot Intermediate-Band Solar Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Results for quantum-dot intermediate-band solar cells are presented. It is shown that quantum dots in conventional p-i-n structures can extend the photoresponse to 1300 nm, well...

Grenko, Alysha; Kimukin, Ibrahim; Walker, John; Towe, Elias

389

Discussion on Ohta et al., "Traveling bands in self-propelled soft particles"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A discussion on the contribution of Ohta and Yamanaka in this special issue, supplemented by new agent-based simulations of band collisions within the standard Vicsek-model.

Thomas Ihle; Yen-Liang Chou

2014-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

390

Assembly and Function of the RNA Editing Complex in Trypanosoma brucei Requires Band III Protein  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...However, even after several sequential column purifications, contaminant proteins can still be present (11, 29), and surreptitious protein associations could occur within the most purified fractions. To provide additional lines of evidence that band...

Catherine E. Huang; Sean F. O'Hearn; Barbara Sollner-Webb

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

An Analysis of Depolarization of Circular Polarization in S-Band Radar Sensing of Alberta Storms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An analysis is given of storm events in 198285 in which the Alberta Research Council circularly polarized polarization diversity S-band radar recorded data indicating significant depolarization. The accompanying two-way differential propagation ...

Anthony R. Holt

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Triple photonic band-gap structure dynamically induced in the presence of spontaneously generated coherence  

SciTech Connect

We study a cold atomic sample coherently driven into the five-level triple-{Lambda} configuration for attaining a dynamically controlled triple photonic band-gap structure. Our numerical calculations show that three photonic band gaps with homogeneous reflectivities up to 92% can be induced on demand around the probe resonance by a standing-wave driving field in the presence of spontaneously generated coherence. All these photonic band gaps are severely malformed with probe reflectivities declining rapidly to very low values when spontaneously generated coherence is gradually weakened. The triple photonic band-gap structure can also be attained in a five-level chain-{Lambda} system of cold atoms in the absence of spontaneously generated coherence, which however requires two additional traveling-wave fields to couple relevant levels.

Gao Jinwei; Bao Qianqian; Wan Rengang; Cui Cuili; Wu Jinhui [College of Physics, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

393

The BMRC/NCAR C-Band Polarimetric (C-POL) Radar System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The development of the first Australian C-band polarimetric/Doppler meteorological radar system (C-POL) is described. Motivated by the need to obtain improved rainfall estimation and the vertical profile of hydrometeors, C-POL was developed ...

T. Keenan; K. Glasson; F. Cummings; T. S. Bird; J. Keeler; J. Lutz

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Failure in shear bands for granular materials: thermo-hydro-chemo-mechanical effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Failure in shear bands for granular materials: thermo-hydro-chemo- mechanical effects M. VEVEAKIS depends on the chemical reaction characteristics and that micro-inertia due to grain translations

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

395

Femtosecond-scale x-ray FEL diagnostics with an X-band transverse...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Femtosecond-scale x-ray FEL diagnostics with an X-band transverse deflector Wednesday, October 22, 2014 - 3:00pm SLAC, Redtail Hawk Conference Room 108A Speaker: Tim Maxwell,...

396

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne l-band radar Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ecology 4 DELANEY AND WARD Radar Development at Lincoln Laboratory: An Overview of the First Fifty Years Summary: in a full-scale environment. The UHFL-band TRADEX radar shown in...

397

www.calband.berkeley.edu Photo by Laura Mack THE OFFICIAL NEWSLETTER OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA MARCHING BAND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Midway at the 32nd Naval Base. In addition to playing a Battle of the Bands with the Texas Longhorn Band their hearts out while the bands battled it out. Holiday Bowl 2011 Catherine Azzopardi, tenor '09 The Holiday battled the Longhorns once again at a luncheon at the San Diego Convention Center, and continued

Walker, Matthew P.

398

Photoelectrochemical Study of the Band Structure of Zn2SnO4 Prepared by the Hydrothermal Method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we study the band gap (Eg) and energetics of the conduction band (CB) and valence band (VB) for films of zinc stannate (Zn2SnO4) nanoparticles (ca. 25 nm) of the inverse-spinel structure prepared by the hydrothermal method. ...

Mario A. Alpuche-Aviles; Yiying Wu

2009-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

399

{gamma}-Spectroscopy of Positive Parity Bands In The {sup 156}Gd Nucleus  

SciTech Connect

During an experiment at Jyvaeskylae laboratory involving a 27 MeV {alpha} beam on a thick {sup 154}Sm target, {gamma}-spectroscopy of {sup 156}Gd was performed using JUROGAM HPGe multidetector array. We will present here experimental results concerning positive parity bands of this nucleus. Level scheme was enriched with more than ten new transitions as well as a new level in a band observed recently.

Vancraeyenest, A.; Guinet, D.; Stezowski, O.; Doan, Q. T.; Redon, N. [Universite de Lyon, Universite Lyon 1, CNRS/IN2P3, Institut de Physique Nucleaire de Lyon, Villeurbanne (France); Curien, D.; Dudek, J. [IPHC-DRS, ULP, IN2P3-CNRS, 67037 Strasbourg (France); Greenlees, P. T.; Jones, P. [Department of Physics, University of Jyvaeskylae, 40014 Jyvaeskylae (Finland)

2011-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

400

Solar DEM Models : A solar image in color band b, mn pixels,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar DEM Models : A solar image in color band b, m?n pixels, containing a particular solar feature, for t = 1, 2, . . . , T. btM sianFieldRandomGaus I M I I bbb T t bbtt bbb bb 2 1 2 )( #12;Solar DEM.bI : the measure error of the ith row and jth column pixel of the certain image in color band b. ijbe #12;Solar DEM

Wolfe, Patrick J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vieux desert band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

The J-band of organic dyes: lineshape and coherence lengthq Alexander Eisfeld, John S. Briggs*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, opto-electronics, solar cells, photobiology and as supra-molecular fibres. Recently there has been muchThe J-band of organic dyes: lineshape and coherence lengthq Alexander Eisfeld, John S. Briggs of the exciton band are Wkj i ¼ 1 ffiffiffiffi N p X n expðikn? pnj i; ð1? where jpni is a product of monomer

Eisfeld, Alexander

402

Performance characteristics of a perforated shadow band under clear sky conditions  

SciTech Connect

A perforated, non-rotating shadow band is described for separating global solar irradiance into its diffuse and direct normal components using a single pyranometer. Whereas shadow bands are normally solid so as to occult the sensor of a pyranometer throughout the day, the proposed band has apertures cut from its circumference to intermittently expose the instrument sensor at preset intervals. Under clear sky conditions the device produces a saw tooth waveform of irradiance data from which it is possible to reconstruct separate global and diffuse curves. The direct normal irradiance may then be calculated giving a complete breakdown of the irradiance curves without need of a second instrument or rotating shadow band. This paper describes the principle of operation of the band and gives a mathematical model of its shading mask based on the results of an optical ray tracing study. An algorithm for processing the data from the perforated band system is described and evaluated. In an extended trial conducted at NREL's Solar Radiation Research Laboratory, the band coupled with a thermally corrected Eppley PSP produced independent curves for diffuse, global and direct normal irradiance with low mean bias errors of 5.6 W/m{sup 2}, 0.3 W/m{sup 2} and -2.6 W/m{sup 2} respectively, relative to collocated reference instruments. Random uncertainties were 9.7 W/m{sup 2} (diffuse), 17.3 W/m{sup 2} (global) and 19.0 W/m{sup 2} (direct). When the data processing algorithm was modified to include the ray trace model of sensor exposure, uncertainties increased only marginally, confirming the effectiveness of the model. Deployment of the perforated band system can potentially increase the accuracy of data from ground stations in predominantly sunny areas where instrumentation is limited to a single pyranometer. (author)

Brooks, Michael J. [School of Mechanical Engineering, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban (South Africa)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

403

Separation of 23 Cynodon turf-type cultivars using electrophoretic banding patterns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

s was developed. Four different starch gel recipes were used in order to reveal the banding patterns of six isoenzymes. Based on qualitative differences in the banding patterns of six 1soenzymes, the 23 cultivars investigated in this study could be separated... . Gel Construction and Electrophoresis. Protein Extraction. Electrophoresis Gel Staining. Acrylamide Gel Electrophoresis Assessment RESULTS AND DISCUSSION Aconi tase . Alcohol Dehydrogenase Phosphoglucomutase. Phospho Glucoseisomerase. Shikimic...

Vermeulen, Paul Henri

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Stimulated dual-band infrared computed tomography: A tool to inspect the aging infrastructure  

SciTech Connect

The authors have developed stimulated dual-band infrared (IR) computed tomography as a tool to inspect the aging infrastructure. The system has the potential to locate and quantify structural damage within airframes and bridge decks. Typically, dual-band IR detection methods improve the signal-to-noise ratio by a factor of ten, compared to single-band IR detection methods. They conducted a demonstration at Boeing using a uniform pulsed-heat source to stimulate IR images of hidden defects in the 727 fuselage. The dual-band IR camera and image processing system produced temperature, thermal inertia, and cooling-rate maps. In combination, these maps characterized the defect site, size, depth, thickness and type. The authors quantified the percent metal loss from corrosion above a threshold of 5%, with overall uncertainties of 3%. Also, they conducted a feasibility study of dual-band IR thermal imaging for bridge deck inspections. They determined the sites and relative concrete displacement of 2-in. and 4-in. deep delaminations from thin styrofoam implants in asphalt-covered concrete slabs. They demonstrated the value of dual-band IR computed tomography to quantify structural damage within flash-heated airframes and naturally-heated bridge decks.

Del Grande, N.K.; Durbin, P.F.

1995-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

405

The Isotope Effect in Band Spectra, IV: the Spectrum of Silicon Nitride  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Silicon nitride bands.(1) A system of bands shaded toward the red, lying between 3800 and 5300A was obtained by Jevons in 1913 by the introduction of SiCl4 vapor into active nitrogen. His measurements have been repeated and extended to all possible heads. It is important that no oxygen be present. From a sharp intense head each band decreases rapidly in intensity to zero at the null line, then increases to a maximum at about m=13 in the negative branch, in which the lines get far enough apart to be resolved. With the aid of the quantum theory, Jevons' arrangement was revised, and correct initial (n?) and final (n??) vibrational quantum numbers assigned. The null lines of the Si28N bands correspond to the wave-number equation: ??=24234.2+1016.30n?-17.77n?2+0.410n?4-0.00487n?-1145.00n??+6.570n??2. Partial analysis of the band structure indicates that the lines of any band are given by the equation: ?=??+B?+2B?m+Cm2 where B?=0.728-0.097n? and C=-0.0121-0.0097n?+0.0053n??; from this the internuclear distance for the vibrationless SiN molecule is 1.5610-8 cm. Additional weak heads are present whose positions agree very closely with those calculated for the isotopes Si29N and Si30N, isotope 29 being slightly the stronger. This agreement definitely excludes SiO or any other compound than SiN as the emitter of the bands, confirming the chemical evidence. The agreement is also definite, but not conclusive, evidence against the existence of half-quantum numbers for SiN, a result opposite to that for BO. Plate I shows most of the Si28N bands together with some isotope heads. The intensity distribution in each band corresponds to thermal equilibrium at about 80C. In respect to the initial vibrational quantum number, the distribution is non-thermal and corresponds to a high effective temperature as in other cases such as BO and CN. The intensity distribution with respect to ?n is similar to that of the violet CN bands. The sequence ?n=0 is by far the strongest, other sequences of diminishing intensity being observed as far as -3 and +3 or +4. (2) New system of bands, extensive but weak, probably also due to SiN, is described. They all have double heads (??=27), are shaded toward the red and extend from the ultraviolet through the green. An equation for the heads is given. The intensity distribution is characterized by numerically large values of ?n and by the absence of the band (0?0) and some neighboring bands.

Robert S. Mulliken

1925-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

An Intermediate-band imaging survey for high-redshift Lyman Alpha Emitters: The Mahoroba-11  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present results of our intermediate-band optical imaging survey for high-$z$ Ly$\\alpha$ emitters (LAEs) using the prime focus camera, Suprime-Cam, on the 8.2m Subaru Telescope. In our survey, we use eleven filters; four broad-band filters ($B$, $R_{\\rm c}$, $i^\\prime$, and $z^\\prime$) and seven intermediate-band filters covering from 500 nm to 720 nm; we call this imaging program as the Mahoroba-11. The seven intermediate-band filters are selected from the IA filter series that is the Suprime-Cam intermediate-band filter system whose spectral resolution is $R = 23$. Our survey has been made in a $34^\\prime \\times 27^\\prime$ sky area in the Subaru XMM Newton Deep Survey field. We have found 409 IA-excess objects that provide us a large photometric sample of strong emission-line objects. Applying the photometric redshift method to this sample, we obtained a new sample of 198 LAE candidates at $3 42.67$ between $z \\sim 3$ and 5.

Yamada, S F; Sumiya, R; Umeda, K; Shioya, Y; Ajiki, M; Nagao, T; Murayama, T; Taniguchi, Y; Yamada, Sanae F.; Sasaki, Shunji S.; Sumiya, Ryoko; Umeda, Kazuyoshi; Shioya, Yasuhiro; Ajiki, Masaru; Nagao, Tohru; Murayama, Takashi; Taniguchi, Yoshiaki

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Band gaps in InN/GaN superlattices: Nonpolar and polar growth directions  

SciTech Connect

The electronic structures of nonpolar short-period InN/GaN superlattices (SLs) grown in the wurtzite a- and m-directions have been calculated and compared to previous calculations for polar superlattices (grown in the c-direction). The variation of the band gaps with the composition (m, n) of the mInN/nGaN unit cells of the superlattices was examined. The band structures were obtained by self-consistent calculations based on the local density approximation to the density functional theory using the Linear-Muffin-Tin-Orbital method with a semi-empirical correction for the band gaps. The calculated band gaps and their pressure coefficients for nonpolar superlattices are similar to those calculated for bulk InGaN alloys with an equivalent In/Ga concentration ratio. This is very different from what has been found in polar superlattices where the band gaps are much smaller and vanish when the number m of InN layers in the unit cell exceeds three. A strong internal electric field is responsible for this behavior of polar structures. Experimental photoluminescence data for polar SLs agree very well with gaps calculated for the nonpolar structures. It is suggested that this is caused by screening of the electric field in the polar structures by carriers originating from unintentional defects.

Gorczyca, I., E-mail: iza@unipress.waw.pl; Skrobas, K.; Suski, T. [Institute of High Pressure Physics, UNIPRESS, 01-142 Warsaw (Poland); Christensen, N. E.; Svane, A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark)

2013-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

408

Composition dependent valence band order in c-oriented wurtzite AlGaN layers  

SciTech Connect

The valence band order of polar wurtzite aluminum gallium nitride (AlGaN) layers is analyzed for a dense series of samples, grown heteroepitaxially on sapphire substrates, covering the complete composition range. The excitonic transition energies, found by temperature dependent photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy, were corrected to the unstrained state using input from X-ray diffraction. k?p theory yields a critical relative aluminum concentration x{sub c}=(0.090.05) for the crossing of the uppermost two valence bands for strain free material, shifting to higher values for compressively strained samples, as supported by polarization dependent PL. The analysis of the strain dependent valence band crossing reconciles the findings of other research groups, where sample strain was neglected. We found a bowing for the energy band gap to the valence band with ?{sub 9} symmetry of b{sub ?{sub 9}}=0.85eV, and propose a possible bowing for the crystal field energy of b{sub cf}=?0.12eV. A comparison of the light extraction efficiency perpendicular and parallel to the c axis of Al{sub x}Ga{sub 1-x}N/Al{sub y}Ga{sub 1-y}N quantum well structures is discussed for different compositions.

Neuschl, B., E-mail: benjamin.neuschl@uni-ulm.de; Helbing, J.; Knab, M.; Lauer, H.; Madel, M.; Thonke, K. [Institute of Quantum Matter / Semiconductor Physics Group, University of Ulm, Albert-Einstein-Allee 45, 89069 Ulm (Germany); Meisch, T.; Forghani, K.; Scholz, F. [Institute of Optoelectronics, University of Ulm, Albert-Einstein-Allee 45, 89069 Ulm (Germany); Feneberg, M. [Institut fr Experimentelle Physik, Otto-von-Guericke-Universitt Magdeburg, Universittsplatz 2, 39106 Magdeburg (Germany)

2014-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

409

Comparison of Direct and Indirect Measures of Critical Bands of the Monaural Chinchilla  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Typically it is found that lower forms (rats cats and chinchillas) require a greater S/N ratio than does man in order to detect the presence of a pure?tone signal in a broad?band noise. Assuming Fletcher's formula to be an adequate means of estimating the operating bandwidth of the auditory system one could come to the conclusion that these lower forms have larger critical ratios larger critical bands and therefore poorer frequency resolving ability than does man. However the behavioral index of auditory sensitivity utilized in these experiments does not permit separation of behavioral criterion and auditory sensitivity. It seems probable that lower forms are trained to maintain a high criterion (low false?alarm rate) and thereby produce threshold measures of relatively high S/N ratio. Our efforts have been directed toward measuring both critical ratios and critical bands (band narrowing paradigm) utilizing both traditional threshold measures and criterion free indices of signal detection theory. Data obtained at signal frequencies of 500 Hz 1 2 and 4 kHz will be discussed in terms of (1) the relationship of critical ratios to critical bands as a function of frequency and (2) the effect of criterion contamination on the estimate of the critical ratio and therefore on the estimate of the frequency resolving power of the organism.

W. H. Seaton; C. Trahiotis

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

ARM - Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment (MC3E): Multi-Frequency Profilers, S-band Radar (williams-s_band)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

This data was collected by the NOAA 449-MHz and 2.8-GHz profilers in support of the Department of Energy (DOE) and NASA sponsored Mid-latitude Continental Convective Cloud Experiment (MC3E). The profiling radars were deployed in Northern Oklahoma at the DOE Atmospheric Radiation Mission (ARM) Southern Great Plans (SGP) Central Facility from 22 April through 6 June 2011. NOAA deployed three instruments: a Parsivel disdrometer, a 2.8-GHz profiler, and a 449-MHz profiler. The parasivel provided surface estimates of the raindrop size distribution and is the reference used to absolutely calibrate the 2.8 GHz profiler. The 2.8-GHz profiler provided unattenuated reflectivity profiles of the precipitation. The 449-MHz profiler provided estimates of the vertical air motion during precipitation from near the surface to just below the freezing level. By using the combination of 2.8-GHz and 449-MHz profiler observations, vertical profiles of raindrop size distributions can be retrieved. The profilers are often reference by their frequency band: the 2.8-GHz profiler operates in the S-band and the 449-MHz profiler operates in the UHF band. The raw observations are available as well as calibrated spectra and moments. This document describes how the instruments were deployed, how the data was collected, and the format of the archived data.

Christopher Williams

411

ARM - Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment (MC3E): Multi-Frequency Profilers, S-band Radar (williams-s_band)  

SciTech Connect

This data was collected by the NOAA 449-MHz and 2.8-GHz profilers in support of the Department of Energy (DOE) and NASA sponsored Mid-latitude Continental Convective Cloud Experiment (MC3E). The profiling radars were deployed in Northern Oklahoma at the DOE Atmospheric Radiation Mission (ARM) Southern Great Plans (SGP) Central Facility from 22 April through 6 June 2011. NOAA deployed three instruments: a Parsivel disdrometer, a 2.8-GHz profiler, and a 449-MHz profiler. The parasivel provided surface estimates of the raindrop size distribution and is the reference used to absolutely calibrate the 2.8 GHz profiler. The 2.8-GHz profiler provided unattenuated reflectivity profiles of the precipitation. The 449-MHz profiler provided estimates of the vertical air motion during precipitation from near the surface to just below the freezing level. By using the combination of 2.8-GHz and 449-MHz profiler observations, vertical profiles of raindrop size distributions can be retrieved. The profilers are often reference by their frequency band: the 2.8-GHz profiler operates in the S-band and the 449-MHz profiler operates in the UHF band. The raw observations are available as well as calibrated spectra and moments. This document describes how the instruments were deployed, how the data was collected, and the format of the archived data.

Williams, Christopher

2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

412

Oblique Aerial & Ground Visible Band & Thermographic Imaging | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oblique Aerial & Ground Visible Band & Thermographic Imaging Oblique Aerial & Ground Visible Band & Thermographic Imaging Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Oblique Aerial & Ground Visible Band & Thermographic Imaging Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Remote Sensing Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Passive Sensors Parent Exploration Technique: Passive Sensors Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Stratigraphic/Structural: Hydrological: Thermal: Cost Information Low-End Estimate (USD): 400.0040,000 centUSD 0.4 kUSD 4.0e-4 MUSD 4.0e-7 TUSD / Subject Median Estimate (USD): 450.0045,000 centUSD 0.45 kUSD 4.5e-4 MUSD 4.5e-7 TUSD / Subject High-End Estimate (USD): 6,000.00600,000 centUSD

413

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: W-Band ARM Cloud Radar  

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W-Band ARM Cloud Radar System W-Band ARM Cloud Radar System Mead, James ProSensing Inc. Widener, Kevin Pacific Northwest National Laboratory The W-Band ARM Cloud Radar (WACR) is a dual polarization 95 GHz radar that will be deployed at the SGP CART site in the spring of 2005. The WACR system will be installed in the existing MMCR shelter, and will provide continuous zenith pointing measurements of clouds to compliment measurements provided by MMCR. Built by ProSensing Inc. of Amherst, MA, the WACR system include a high peak power (1.5 kW) EIKA transmitter, low noise receiver, and PC-based digital receiver. In addition to an internal calibration procedure, an electronically controlled deflector plate mounted on the roof of the MMCR shelter will be used to periodically illuminate a

414

Photoelectron spectroscopic study of band alignment of polymer/ZnO photovoltaic device structure  

SciTech Connect

Using x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, we investigated the band alignment of a Ag/poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl) (P3HT)/ZnO photovoltaic structure. At the P3HT/ZnO interface, a band bending of P3HT and a short surface depletion layer of ZnO were observed. The offset between the highest occupied molecular orbital of P3HT and the conduction band minimum of ZnO at the interface contributed to the open circuit voltage (Voc) was estimated to be approximately 1.5 {+-} 0.1 eV, which was bigger than that of the electrically measured effective Voc of P3HT/ZnO photovoltaic devices, meaning that the P3HT/ZnO photovoltaic structure has the potential to provide improved photovoltaic properties.

Nagata, T.; Chikyow, T. [International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (WPI-MANA), National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba 305-0044 (Japan)] [International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (WPI-MANA), National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba 305-0044 (Japan); Oh, S.; Wakayama, Y. [International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (WPI-MANA), National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba 305-0044 (Japan) [International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (WPI-MANA), National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba 305-0044 (Japan); Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Kyushu University, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba 305-0044 (Japan); Yamashita, Y. [International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (WPI-MANA), National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba 305-0044 (Japan) [International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (WPI-MANA), National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba 305-0044 (Japan); NIMS Beamline Station at SPring-8, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1-1 Koto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Yoshikawa, H.; Kobayashi, K. [NIMS Beamline Station at SPring-8, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1-1 Koto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan)] [NIMS Beamline Station at SPring-8, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1-1 Koto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Ikeno, N. [International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (WPI-MANA), National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba 305-0044 (Japan) [International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (WPI-MANA), National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba 305-0044 (Japan); Nanotechnology Laboratory, Meiji University, 1-1-1 Higashimita, Tama-ku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 214-8571 (Japan)

2013-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

415

Band gap and electronic structure of MgSiN{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect

Density functional theory calculations and electron energy loss spectroscopy indicate that the electronic structure of ordered orthorhombic MgSiN{sub 2} is similar to that of wurtzite AlN. A band gap of 5.7?eV was calculated for both MgSiN{sub 2} (indirect) and AlN (direct) using the Heyd-Scuseria-Ernzerhof approximation. Correction with respect to the experimental room-temperature band gap of AlN indicates that the true band gap of MgSiN{sub 2} is 6.2?eV. MgSiN{sub 2} has an additional direct gap of 6.3?eV at the ? point.

Quirk, J. B., E-mail: james.quirk09@imperial.ac.uk; Rsander, M.; McGilvery, C. M.; Moram, M. A. [Department of Materials, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Palgrave, R. [Department of Chemistry, University College London, Gordon Street WC1H 0AJ (United Kingdom)

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

416

Predicted band structures of III-V semiconductors in the wurtzite phase  

SciTech Connect

While non-nitride III-V semiconductors typically have a zinc-blende structure, they may also form wurtzite crystals under pressure or when grown as nanowhiskers. This makes electronic structure calculation difficult since the band structures of wurtzite III-V semiconductors are poorly characterized. We have calculated the electronic band structure for nine III-V semiconductors in the wurtzite phase using transferable empirical pseudopotentials including spin-orbit coupling. We find that all the materials have direct gaps. Our results differ significantly from earlier ab initio calculations, and where experimental results are available (InP, InAs, and GaAs) our calculated band gaps are in good agreement. We tabulate energies, effective masses, and linear and cubic Dresselhaus zero-field spin-splitting coefficients for the zone-center states. The large zero-field spin-splitting coefficients we find may facilitate the development of spin-based devices.

De, A.; Pryor, Craig E. [Department of Physics and Astronomy and Optical Science and Technology Center, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242 (United States)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

417

Intermediate-band material based on GaAs quantum rings for solar cells  

SciTech Connect

The intermediate-band concept is invoked to explain the photoresponse spectra obtained for unbiased devices fabricated from GaAs quantum rings grown by a droplet epitaxy technique on lattice-matched Al{sub 0.3}Ga{sub 0.7}As barriers. The photoresponse spectra where measured at room temperature in the visible-near-infrared spectral range. The presence of the intermediate band in the device active region is confirmed by measuring the mid-infrared photoresponse, which is attributed to the intersubband transitions in the conduction band. The photocurrent was measured at room temperature and found to be about four orders of magnitude larger than the dark current in the voltage range of {+-} 4.0 V.

Wu Jiang; Shao Dali [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701 (United States); Li Zhenhua; Kunets, Vasyl P.; Wang Zhiming; Salamo, G. J. [Institute of Nanoscale Materials Science and Engineering, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701 (United States); Manasreh, M. O. [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701 (United States); Institute of Nanoscale Materials Science and Engineering, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701 (United States)

2009-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

418

Generation and recombination rates at ZnTe:O intermediate band states  

SciTech Connect

Carrier generation and recombination processes of ZnTeO thin films are studied by time-resolved photoluminescence, where carrier lifetimes at oxygen states and the conduction band are inferred to be >1??s and <100?ps, respectively. The radiative recombination coefficient for optical transitions from oxygen states to the valence band is extracted to be 1.210{sup ?10}?cm{sup 3}?sec{sup ?1} based on the excitation dependence of decay time constants. Rate equation analysis further suggests an increase in electron lifetime at the conduction band as oxygen states occupation is critical in achieving high conversion efficiency for solar cells based on multiphoton processes in these materials.

Wang, Weiming; Lin, Albert S.; Phillips, Jamie D.; Metzger, Wyatt K.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Strain-induced band-gap engineering of graphene monoxide and its effect on graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using first-principles calculations we demonstrate the feasibility of band-gap engineering in two-dimensional crystalline graphene monoxide (GMO), a recently reported graphene-based material with a 1:1 carbon/oxygen ratio. The band gap of GMO, which can be switched between direct and indirect, is tunable over a large range (01.35 eV) for accessible strains. Electron and hole transport occurs predominantly along the zigzag and armchair directions (armchair for both) when GMO is a direct- (indirect-) gap semiconductor. A band gap of ?0.5 eV is also induced in graphene at the K? points for GMO/graphene hybrid systems.

H. H. Pu; S. H. Rhim; C. J. Hirschmugl; M. Gajdardziska-Josifovska; M. Weinert; J. H. Chen

2013-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

420

Band offsets in HfO{sub 2}/InGaZnO{sub 4} heterojunctions  

SciTech Connect

The valence band discontinuity ({Delta}E{sub V}) of sputter deposited HfO{sub 2}/InZnGaO{sub 4} (IGZO) heterostructures was obtained from x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurements. The HfO{sub 2} exhibited a bandgap of 6.07 eV from absorption measurements. A value of {Delta}E{sub V} = 0.48 {+-} 0.025 eV was obtained by using the Ga 2p{sub 3/2}, Zn 2p{sub 3/2}, and In 3d{sub 5/2} energy levels as references. This implies a conduction band offset {Delta}E{sub C} of 2.39 eV in HfO{sub 2}/InGaZnO{sub 4} heterostructures and a nested interface band alignment.

Cho, Hyun [Department of Nanomechatronics Engineering, Pusan National University, Gyeongnam 627-706 (Korea, Republic of); Douglas, E. A.; Gila, B. P.; Craciun, V.; Lambers, E. S.; Pearton, S. J. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States); Ren Fan [Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States)

2012-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

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421

Phenomenology and physical origin of shear-localization and shear-banding in complex fluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review and compare the phenomenological aspects and physical origin of shear-localization and shear-banding in various material types, namely emulsions, suspensions, colloids, granular materials and micellar systems. It appears that shear-banding, which must be distinguished from the simple effect of coexisting static-flowing regions in yield stress fluids, occurs in the form of a progressive evolution of the local viscosity towards two significantly different values in two adjoining regions of the fluids in which the stress takes slightly different values. This suggests that from a global point of view shear-banding in these systems has a common physical origin: two physical phenomena (for example, in colloids, destructuration due to flow and restructuration due to aging) are in competition and, depending on the flow conditions, one of them becomes dominant and makes the system evolve in a specific direction.

Guillaume Ovarlez; Stphane Rodts; Xavier Chateau; Philippe Coussot

2010-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

422

Measurements of CsI band-gap closure to 93 GPa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Infrared-absorption measurements to a peak pressure of 93 GPa document the pressure-induced closure of the band gap of CsI to about 4450 cm-1 (0.55 eV). In accord with previous spectroscopic measurements to 60 GPa, our data show that the band gap of CsI decreases continuously with pressure, and metallization (complete closure of the gap) is expected to occur above 100 GPa. A recent claim that CsI becomes metallic at 655 GPa is therefore spurious.

Quentin Williams and Raymond Jeanloz

1986-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

423

Development of an L-Band RF Electron Gun for SASE in the Infrared Region  

SciTech Connect

We conduct research on Self-Amplified Spontaneous Emission (SASE) in the infrared region using the 40 MeV, 1.3 GHz L-band linac of Osaka University. The linac equipped with a thermionic electron gun can accelerate a high-intensity single-bunch beam though its normalized emittance is high. In order to advance the research on SASE, we have begun development of an RF gun for the L-band linac in collaboration with KEK. We will report conceptual design of the RF gun and present the status of development of another RF gun for STF at KEK.

Kashiwagi, Shigeru; Kato, Ryukou; Isoyama, Goro [Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research, Osaka University, 8-1 Mihogaoka, Ibaraki, Osaka 567-0047 (Japan); Hayano, Hitoshi; Urakawa, Junji [Accelerator Laboratory, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, 1-1 Oho, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0801 (Japan)

2010-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

424

A Minimal Two-band Model for the Superconducting Fe-pnictides  

SciTech Connect

Following the discovery of the Fe-pnictide superconductors, LDA band structure calculations showed that the dominant contributions to the spectral weight near the Fermi energy came from the Fe 3d orbitals. The Fermi surface is characterized by two hole surfaces around the {Lambda} point and two electron surfaces around the M point of the 2 Fe/cell Brillouin zone. Here, we describe a 2-band model that reproduces the topology of the LDA Fermi surface and exhibits both ferromagnetic and q = ({pi}, 0) spin density wave (SDW) fluctuations. We argue that this minimal model contains the essential low energy physics of these materials.

Raghu, S.

2010-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

425

Electronic Structure of Small Titanium Clusters: Emergence and Evolution of the 3d Band  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electronic structure of titanium clusters (Tin, n=365) is probed by size-selected anion photoelectron spectroscopy. It is observed that the 3d band emerges at the eight-atom cluster beyond which the d band broadens and evolves toward that of the bulk. The electronic structure of the titanium clusters is found to become bulklike at relatively small cluster sizes. This is discussed in terms of the delocalization of the titanium 3d orbitals and the implications for the cluster structures.

Hongbin Wu; Sunil R. Desai; Lai-Sheng Wang

1996-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

426

Description of the identical superdeformed bands and ?I=4 bifurcation in the A?130 region  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Within the supersymmetry scheme including many-body interactions, identical superdeformed (SD) bands and ?I=4 bifurcation in A?130 mass region are investigated systematically. Quantitatively good results for the ?-ray energy (E?) spectra, dynamical moments of inertia, and energy differences ?E?-?E?ref are obtained. This shows that the supersymmetry approach is quite powerful in describing not only generic rotational properties, but also ?I=4 bifurcation and identical SD bands simultaneously. Meanwhile, the ?I=4 bifurcation may come from the perturbation with SO(5) [or SU(5)] symmetry on the rotational symmetry.

Yu-xin Liu, Jia-jun Wang, and Qi-zhi Han

2001-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

427

Realizing novel accelerator concepts in an X-band photo-injector  

SciTech Connect

In this project we propose to investigate the use of novel accelerator structure cell geometry to enhance the performance of X-band photo-injectors. Making novel accelerator concepts possible involves fabrication and testing of components to ensure that the performance predicted by simulation is robustly achievable. This work is important because photo-injectors are increasingly used to provide high brightness electron beams for light sources, pushing their performance to the limits, but also requiring them to be user-facility stable. Careful investigation in both computer simulation and design, and low power testing of piece parts will enable the successful fabrication of an advanced X-band photo-injector.

Marsh, R

2010-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

428

Scanning tunneling microscopy on unpinned GaN(1100) surfaces: Invisibility of valence-band states  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigated the origins of the tunnel current in scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and spectroscopy experiments on GaN(1100) surfaces. By calculating the tunnel currents in the presence of a tip-induced band bending for unpinned n-type GaN(1100) surfaces, we demonstrate that only conduction-band states are observed at positive and negative voltage polarities independent of the doping concentration. Valence-band states remain undetectable because tunneling out of the electron-accumulation zone in conduction-band states dominates by four orders of magnitude. As a result band-gap sizes cannot be determined by STM on unpinned GaN(1100) surfaces. Appropriate band-edge positions and gap sizes can be determined on pinned surfaces.

Ph. Ebert, L. Ivanova, and H. Eisele

2009-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

429

Taking the Band Function Too Far: A Tale of Two $\\alpha$'s  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The long standing problem of identifying the emission mechanism operating in gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) has produced a myriad of possible models that have the potential of explaining the observations. Generally, the empirical Band function is fit to the observed gamma-ray data and the fit parameters are used to infer which radiative mechanisms are at work in GRB outflows. In particular, the distribution of the Band function's low-energy power law index, $\\alpha$, has led to the so-called synchrotron "line-of-death" (LOD) which is a statement that the distribution cannot be explained by the simplest of synchrotron models alone. As an alternatively fitting model, a combination of a blackbody in addition to the Band function is used, which in many cases provide a better or equally good fit. It has been suggested that such fits would be able to alleviate the LOD problem for synchrotron emission in GRBs. However, these conclusions rely on the Band function's ability to fit a synchrotron spectrum within the observed e...

Burgess, J Michael; Yu, Hoi-Fung

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Attention-modulated Alpha-band Oscillations Protect against Intrusion of Irrelevant Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

after a cue to attend to that hand, but shows in- creased power after a cue to attend to the foot alpha power. However, the alpha-band modulation was not simply locked to the cue offset. The tem- poral in the sequence, peri- stimulus alpha power predicted the degree to which that irrel- evant stimulus distorted

Sekuler, Robert

431

Non-LTE modeling of the near UV band of late-type stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the ability of both LTE and Non-LTE models to fit the near UV band absolute flux distribution and individual spectral line profiles of three standard stars for which high quality spectrophotometry and high resolution spectroscopy are available: The Sun (G2 V), Arcturus (K2 III), and Procyon (F5 IV-V). We investigate 1) the effect of the choice of atomic line list on the ability of NLTE models to fit the near UV band flux level, 2) the amount of a hypothesized continuous thermal absorption extinction source required to allow NLTE models to fit the observations, and 3) the semi-empirical temperature structure required to fit the observations with NLTE models and standard continuous near UV extinction. We find that all models that are computed with high quality atomic line lists predict too much flux in the near UV band for Arcturus, but fit the warmer stars well. The variance among independent measurements of the solar irradiance in the near UV is sufficiently large that we cannot definitely conclude that models predict too much near UV flux, in contrast to other recent results. We surmise that the inadequacy of current atmospheric models of K giants in the near UV band is best addressed by hypothesizing that there is still missing continuous thermal extinction, and that the missing near UV extinction becomes more important with decreasing effective temperature for spectral classes later than early G, suggesting a molecular origin.

C. Ian Short; P. H. Hauschildt

2008-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

432

Scent marking within and between groups of wild banded N. R. Jordan1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scent marking within and between groups of wild banded mongooses N. R. Jordan1 , F. Mwanguhya1; intrasexual competition; Mungos mungo. Correspondence Neil R. Jordan, The Vincent Wildlife Trust, 3 & 4 be involved in direct competition for mates (Jordan, Cherry & Manser, 2007). However, an intruding individual

Rüedi, Peter

433

Impurity bands and quasi-Bloch waves for a one-dimensional model of modulated crystal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from the theory of quasi-periodic functions while the second relies on periodicity properties, impurity band, quasi-Bloch wave, quantum chaos, spectral algorithm, deformed crystal, Charge-Density Wave coupled oscillators; consult the book [1] and the recent paper [14] to which we are about to borrow

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

434

G-Band Vapor Radiometer Precipitable Water Vapor (GVRPWV) Value-Added Product  

SciTech Connect

The G-Band Vapor Radiometer Precipitable Water Vapor (GVRPWV) value-added product (VAP) computes precipitable water vapor using neural network techniques from data measured by the GVR. The GVR reports time-series measurements of brightness temperatures for four channels located at 183.3 1, 3, 7, and 14 GHz.

Koontz, A; Cadeddu, M

2012-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

435

KuROS: A New Airborne Ku-Band Doppler Radar for Observation of Surfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study presents the new airborne Doppler radar Ku-Band Radar for Observation of Surfaces (KuROS), which provides measurements of the normalized radar cross section ? and of the Doppler velocity over the sea. The system includes two antennas ...

Grard Caudal; Danile Hauser; Ren Valentin; Christophe Le Gac

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Extracting E Versus K Effective Band Structure from Supercell Calculations on Alloys and Impurities  

SciTech Connect

The supercell approach to defects and alloys has circumvented the limitations of those methods that insist on using artificially high symmetry, yet this step usually comes at the cost of abandoning the language of E versus k band dispersion. Here we describe a computational method that maps the energy eigenvalues obtained from large supercell calculations into an effective band structure (EBS) and recovers an approximate E(k) for alloys. Making use of supercells allows one to model a random alloy A{sub 1-x}B{sub x}C by occupying the sites A and B via a coin-toss procedure, affording many different local environments (polymorphic description) to occur. We present the formalism and implementation details of the method and apply it to study the evolution of the impurity band appearing in the dilute GaN:P alloy. We go beyond the perfectly random case, realizing that many alloys may have nonrandom microstructures, and investigate how their formation is reflected in the EBS. It turns out that the EBS is extremely sensitive in determining the critical disorder level for which delocalized states start to appear in the intermediate band. In addition, the EBS allows us to identify the role played by atomic relaxation in the positioning of the impurity levels.

Popescu, V.; Zunger, A.

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

437

Narrow band defect luminescence from Al-doped ZnO probed by scanning tunneling cathodoluminescence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Institute of Physics. Related Articles Effect of CdS film thickness on the photoexcited carrier lifetime of TiO2/CdS core-shell nanowires Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 153111 (2011) Current underestimationNarrow band defect luminescence from Al-doped ZnO probed by scanning tunneling cathodoluminescence

Russell, Kasey

438

Differential entropy in wavelet sub-band for assessment of glaucoma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Glaucoma is an eye disease that causes progressive optic neuropathy and vision loss due to degeneration of the optic nerves. Cup to disc ratio (CDR) is the standard measure for evaluation of glaucoma. It is difficult to estimate the value of CDR if the ... Keywords: cup to disc ratio, differential entropy, glaucoma, wavelet sub-band

Malaya Kumar Nath; Samarendra Dandapat

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Electronic band structure of isolated and bundled carbon nanotubes S. Reich and C. Thomsen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for nanotubes with larger diameters 1­1.5 nm a shift of the energy levels of 100 meV is obtained in our abElectronic band structure of isolated and bundled carbon nanotubes S. Reich and C. Thomsen Institut in chiral and achiral isolated nanotubes as well as in carbon nanotube bundles. The curvature

Nabben, Reinhard

440

Shear-band structure in ballistically tested carbide-free bainitic steels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shear-band structure in ballistically tested carbide-free bainitic steels L. C. D. Fieldinga , H. K recently been commercialised, with the steel structure consisting of carbide-free, nanostructured bainitic of the carbide-free mixtures of bainitic ferrite and retained austenite. It is with this in mind that bainitic

Cambridge, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vieux desert band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

PHYSICAL NATURE OF SHEAR BANDS FORMATION AND CONSTITUTIVE MODELLING FOR PLASTIC INSTABILITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

697 PHYSICAL NATURE OF SHEAR BANDS FORMATION AND CONSTITUTIVE MODELLING FOR PLASTIC INSTABILITYtokrzyska 21,00-049 Warsaw,Poland Revue Phys. Appl. 23 (1988) 697 AVRIL 1988, Studies of plastic deformation dependent hardening property can be pivotal in the modelling for plastic deform- ation instability

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

442

LETTER Communicated by Donald Spencer Wide-Band Information Transmission at the Calyx of Held  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LETTER Communicated by Donald Spencer Wide-Band Information Transmission at the Calyx of Held, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 9HN, U.K. Bruce P. Graham b.graham@cs.stir.ac.uk Computing Science and Mathematics, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, U.K. We use a mathematical model of the calyx of Held

Graham, Bruce

443

Effects of Dynamic Forcing on Hillslope Water Balance Models , L.E. Band  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

simulations of the hillslope. In this work we focus specifically on closure relations for hillslope water]. Briefly stated, our objective in this work is to study the effect of system transience on hillslope waterEffects of Dynamic Forcing on Hillslope Water Balance Models C. E. Kees , L.E. Band , and M

444

Solar DEM Model Proposal : A solar image in color band b, mn pixels,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar DEM Model Proposal : A solar image in color band b, m?n pixels, containing a particular solar 11 )( #12;Solar DEM Model Proposal : the volume (abundance?) of ion ii : the proportion of the total volume at temperature t t T t bitt I i ib MIE 11 )( #12;Solar Dataset · 15 Filters.txt files

Wolfe, Patrick J.

445

Atmosphere and Ionosphere of Venus from the Mariner V S-Band Radio Occultation Measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...georef;1968059704 atmosphere ionosphere Mariner 5...English United States 1968 Atmosphere and ionosphere of venus...com-parison (between 423.3 Mhz and S-band, for example...the superrefractive atmosphere, are fea-tures of...magnetopause, and plasma-pause due to the solar...

Arvydas Kliore; Gerald S. Levy; Dan L. Cain; Gunnar Fjeldbo; S. I. Rasool

1967-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

446

A narrow-band high-speed switched-capacitor sixth order bandpass ladder filter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In narrow-band high-speed switched-capacitor filters, the main limitation comes from the capacitance spread and from amplifier settling time. A secondary clock, that averages at an integer fraction of the main clock signal, is used to reduce...

Adut, Jozef

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

447

Photodiode-driven quantum-well modulators for C-band wavelength conversion and broadcasting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Photodiode-driven quantum-well modulators for C-band wavelength conversion and broadcasting Hilmi-well modulators directly driven by monolithically-integrated photodiodes for polarization-integrated, surface-normal photodiodes (PD), as shown in Fig. 1(a) along with their corresponding circuit diagram

Miller, David A. B.

448

The effect of a multivalley energy band structure on the thermoelectric figure of merit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

value of the thermoelectric figure of merit Z than a similar material which has only a single valleyL-49 The effect of a multivalley energy band structure on the thermoelectric figure of merit D. M A comparison is drawn between the dimensionless thermoelectric figure of merit of a multivalleyed semiconductor

Boyer, Edmond

449

OUTFLOWS AND DARK BANDS AT ARCADE-LIKE ACTIVE REGION CORE BOUNDARIES  

SciTech Connect

Observations from the EUV Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) on board Hinode have revealed outflows and non-thermal line broadening in low intensity regions at the edges of active regions (ARs). We use data from Hinode's EIS, Solar Dynamic Observatory's Atmospheric Imaging Assembly and Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager, and the Transition Region and Coronal Explorer instrument to investigate the boundaries of arcade-like AR cores for NOAA ARs 11112, 10978, and 9077. A narrow, low intensity region that is observed at the core's periphery as a dark band shows outflows and increased spectral line broadening. This dark band is found to exist for days and appears between the bright coronal loop structures of different coronal topologies. We find a case where the dark band region is formed between the magnetic field from emerging flux and the field of the pre-existing flux. A magnetic field extrapolation indicates that this dark band is coincident with the spine lines or magnetic separatrices in the extrapolated field. This occurs over unipolar regions where the brightened coronal field is separated in connectivity and topology. This separation does not appear to be infinitesimal and an initial estimate of the minimum distance of separation is found to be Almost-Equal-To 1.5-3.5 Mm.

Scott, J. T.; Martens, P. C. H.; Tarr, L. [Department of Physics, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717 (United States)

2013-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

450

Scaling of distributions of sums of positions for chaotic dynamics at band-splitting points  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The stationary distributions of sums of positions of trajectories generated by the logistic map have been found to follow a basic renormalization group (RG) structure: a nontrivial fixed-point multi-scale distribution at the period-doubling onset of chaos and a Gaussian trivial fixed-point distribution for all chaotic attractors. Here we describe in detail the crossover distributions that can be generated at chaotic band-splitting points that mediate between the aforementioned fixed-point distributions. Self affinity in the chaotic region imprints scaling features to the crossover distributions along the sequence of band splitting points. The trajectories that give rise to these distributions are governed first by the sequential formation of phase-space gaps when, initially uniformly-distributed, sets of trajectories evolve towards the chaotic band attractors. Subsequently, the summation of positions of trajectories already within the chaotic bands closes those gaps. The possible shapes of the resultant distributions depend crucially on the disposal of sets of early positions in the sums and the stoppage of the number of terms retained in them.

Alvaro Diaz-Ruelas; Miguel Angel Fuentes; Alberto Robledo

2014-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

451

On the propagation of a shear band in a steel tube  

SciTech Connect

Marchand and Duffy tested thin-walled steel tubes in a split Hopkinson torsion bar at a nominal strain-rate of approximately 1,600/s and could not determine conclusively whether a shear band initiating at a point in the tube propagated around the circumference in one direction or in both directions. They estimated the speed of propagation to be 520 m/s in the former case and 260 m/s in the latter. Here, the authors simulate their test numerically, and find that the shear band propagates in both directions around the circumference of the tube. When the tube is twisted at a nominal strain-rate of 5,000/s, the band speed varies from 180 m/s at the site of the initiation to approximately 1,000 m/s at the nearly diametrically opposite point. The band speed increases with an increase in the nominal strain-rate. The material defect is modeled by assuming that a small region near the center of the tubular surface is made of a material weaker than that of the rest of the tube.

Batra, R.C.; Zhang, X. (Univ. of Missouri, Rolla, MO (United States))

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Chlorophyll a algorithms for oligotrophic oceans: A novel approach based on three-band reflectance difference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

traditional band ratios and Chl, which was further validated using global data collected concurrently by ship is particularly useful to improve the detection of various ocean features such as eddies. Preliminary tests over on radiative transfer theory (Sathyendranath et al. [1989], Carder et al. [1999], Maritorena et al. [2002

Meyers, Steven D.

453

Irreversible Thermodynamics Approach and Modeling of Shear-Banding Flow of Wormlike Micelles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

44430, Mexico ... The flow in a pipe of wormlike micellar solutions is examined using a simple model that consists of the codeformational Maxwell constitutive equation and a kinetic equation that accounts for the breaking and reformation of micelles. ... The stress plateau is set in our model by the criterion of equal extended Gibbs free energy of the bands. ...

F. Bautista; J. F. A. Soltero; E. R. Macas; J. E. Puig; O. Manero

2002-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

454

The broad-band fractal nature of heterogeneity in the upper crust from petrophysical logs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......1991. Deep borehole log evidence for...heterogeneity and large-scale velocity...Continental Deep-Drilling (KTB) Holes...results, for the borehole data, show broad-band...spectral scaling in borehole logs, Geophys...23, 31193122. large-scale velocity......

Sean S. Dolan; Christopher J. Bean; Bruno Riollet

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Efficient and Scalable All-to-All Personalized Exchange for InfiniBand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· High performance ­ Low latency of lesser than 5us ­ Over 840 Mega Byte/s uni-directional bandwidth? ­ Can we utilize the InfiniBand RDMA and Gather/Scatter capabilities? ­ How can we achieve better of pinning is high ­ Solution for small messages: copy into a pre-registered buffer [liuj-ics03] ­ Cost

Panda, Dhabaleswar K.

456

Intermediate-band solar cells based on quantum dot supracrystals Q. Shao and A. A. Balandina  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. © 2007 American Institute of Physics. DOI: 10.1063/1.2799172 The energy conversion efficiency is a key one to tune the band structure and enhance the light absorption and carrier transport. A first to about 33%.1 The the- oretical thermodynamic limit on the conversion of sunlight to electricity is much

457

Current transport, gate dielectrics and band gap engineering in graphene devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current transport, gate dielectrics and band gap engineering in graphene devices Wenjuan Zhu In this work, we studied current transport in mono-, bi- and tri-layer graphene. We find that both of the electrical field of the substrate surface polar phonons in bi-layer/tri-layer graphenes. We also find

Perebeinos, Vasili

458

Ultrathin, high-efficiency, broad-band, omni-acceptance, organic solar cells enhanced by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Three of central challenges in solar cells are high light coupling into solar cell, high light trappingUltrathin, high-efficiency, broad-band, omni- acceptance, organic solar cells enhanced by plasmonic and demonstration of a new ultra-thin high- efficiency organic solar cell (SC), termed "plasmonic cavity

459

Metallic photonic-band-gap filament architectures for optimized incandescent lighting Sajeev John and Rongzhou Wang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Metallic photonic-band-gap filament architectures for optimized incandescent lighting Sajeev John occur 3,4 . Tra- ditionally incandescent lighting filaments, despite being driven from equilibrium the blackbody spectrum. This suggests the pos- sibility of higher efficiency incandescent lighting, through

John, Sajeev

460

Energy Band-Gap Engineering of Graphene Nanoribbons Melinda Y. Han,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, New York, New York 10027, USA 2 Department of Physics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027Energy Band-Gap Engineering of Graphene Nanoribbons Melinda Y. Han,1 Barbaros O¨ zyilmaz,2 Yuanbo an energy gap near the charge neutrality point. Individual graphene layers are contacted with metal

Kim, Philip

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vieux desert band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Electroabsorption modulator performance predicted from band-edge absorption spectra of bulk, quantum-well,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, quantum-well, and quantum-well-intermixed InGaAsP structures Gordon B. Morrison a,*, James W. Raring c-well-intermixed InGaAsP material are collected and compared using photocurrent spectroscopy. The expected will change the band-edge absorp- tion spectrum. This property can be induced in InGaAsP by two distinct

Coldren, Larry A.

462

V-band Transmission and Reflection Grid Amplifier Packaged in Waveguide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for thermal management by allowing the heat sink to be mounted on one side of the grid array. It also reduces and cooling fan were used to remove heat from the chip. The temperature distribution across the grid aperture1 V-band Transmission and Reflection Grid Amplifier Packaged in Waveguide Chun-Tung Cheung1 , Roger

463

Shape coexistence from the structure of the yrast band in Pt174  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Excited states in the very neutron-deficient nucleus Pt174 have been identified up to spin 14. An irregular yrast sequence was observed beginning with a high 2+?0+ energy. It can be interpreted as the result of a change from a weakly deformed ground-state band, to a well-deformed rotor, near spin 6.

G. D. Dracoulis; B. Fabricius; A. E. Stuchbery; A. O. Macchiavelli; W. Korten; F. Azaiez; E. Rubel; M. A. Deleplanque; R. M. Diamond; F. S. Stephens

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Size effect on the electronic and optical band gap of CdSe QD  

SciTech Connect

Present paper deals with a critical and comprehensive analysis of the dependence of photo emission (PE) electronic band gap and optical absorption (OA) excitonic band gap on the size of CdSe QD, via connecting it with excitonic absorbance wavelength. Excitonic absorbance wavelength is determined through an empirical fit of established experimental evidences. Effective excitonic charge and Bohr radius is determined as a function of size. Increase in size of the CdSe QD results in greater Bohr radius and smaller effective excitonic charge. Excitonic binding energy as a degree of size of QD is also calculated which further relates with the difference in PE electronic and OA optical band gaps. It is also shown that with increase in size of CdSe QD, the excitonic binding energy decreases which consequently increases differences in two band gaps. Our results are very well comparable with the established results. Explanation for the origin of the unusual optical properties of CdSe QD has been also discussed.

Sisodia, Namita, E-mail: namitasisodiya@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Holkar Science College, Indore-45200 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

465

Synchronous Ultra-Wide Band Wireless Sensors Networks for oil and gas exploration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Synchronous Ultra-Wide Band Wireless Sensors Networks for oil and gas exploration Stefano Savazzi1 of new oil and gas reservoir. Seismic exploration requires a large number (500 ÷ 2000 nodes, MAC and network layer to develop wireless sensors networks tailored for oil (and gas) exploration

Savazzi, Stefano

466

Space-based detection of wetlands' surface water level changes from L-band SAR interferometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Space-based detection of wetlands' surface water level changes from L-band SAR interferometry­1996 reveals detectable surface changes in the Everglades wetlands. Although our study is limited to south Florida it has implication for other large-scale wetlands, because south Florida wetlands have diverse

Amelung, Falk

467

Efficient narrow-band light emission from a single carbon nanotube pn diode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Efficient narrow-band light emission from a single carbon nanotube p­n diode Thomas Mueller1 and Phaedon Avouris1 * Electrically driven light emission from carbon nanotubes1­8 could be used in nanoscale. Here, we report electrically induced light emission from individual carbon nanotube p­n diodes. A new

Perebeinos, Vasili

468

Forward Raman compression via photonic band gap in metals or warm dense matter  

SciTech Connect

The group velocity of a light pulse in photonic band gap material could considerably deviate from the speed of light in vacuum. A forward stoke and a pump pulse of different speeds would enable the Raman compression in metals or the warm dense matter. A small window of the parameter regime, where the compression is feasible via the forward Raman scattering, is identified.

Son, S. [18 Caleb Lane, Princeton, New Jersey 08540 (United States); Moon, Sung Joon [Program in Applied and Computational Mathematics, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

469

THE MULTIWAVELENGTH SURVEY BY YALE-CHILE (MUSYC): DEEP MEDIUM-BAND OPTICAL IMAGING AND HIGH-QUALITY 32-BAND PHOTOMETRIC REDSHIFTS IN THE ECDF-S  

SciTech Connect

We present deep optical 18-medium-band photometry from the Subaru telescope over the {approx}30' x 30' Extended Chandra Deep Field-South, as part of the Multiwavelength Survey by Yale-Chile (MUSYC). This field has a wealth of ground- and space-based ancillary data, and contains the GOODS-South field and the Hubble Ultra Deep Field. We combine the Subaru imaging with existing UBVRIzJHK and Spitzer IRAC images to create a uniform catalog. Detecting sources in the MUSYC 'BVR' image we find {approx}40,000 galaxies with R {sub AB} < 25.3, the median 5{sigma} limit of the 18 medium bands. Photometric redshifts are determined using the EAzY code and compared to {approx}2000 spectroscopic redshifts in this field. The medium-band filters provide very accurate redshifts for the (bright) subset of galaxies with spectroscopic redshifts, particularly at 0.1 < z < 1.2 and at z {approx}> 3.5. For 0.1 < z < 1.2, we find a 1{sigma} scatter in {Delta}z/(1 + z) of 0.007, similar to results obtained with a similar filter set in the COSMOS field. As a demonstration of the data quality, we show that the red sequence and blue cloud can be cleanly identified in rest-frame color-magnitude diagrams at 0.1 < z < 1.2. We find that {approx}20% of the red sequence galaxies show evidence of dust emission at longer rest-frame wavelengths. The reduced images, photometric catalog, and photometric redshifts are provided through the public MUSYC Web site.

Cardamone, Carolin N.; Van Dokkum, Pieter G.; Urry, C. Megan; Brammer, Gabriel [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States); Taniguchi, Yoshi [Research Center for Space and Cosmic Evolution, Ehime University, Bunkyo-cho 2-5, Matsuyama 790-8577 (Japan); Gawiser, Eric; Bond, Nicholas [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854-8019 (United States); Taylor, Edward; Damen, Maaike [Sterrewacht Leiden, Leiden University, NL-2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands); Treister, Ezequiel [Institute for Astronomy, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Cobb, Bethany E. [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3411 (United States); Schawinski, Kevin [Yale Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Yale University, P.O. Box 208121, New Haven, CT 06520 (United States); Lira, Paulina [Departamento de Astronoma, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 36-D, Santiago (Chile); Murayama, Takashi [Astronomical Institute, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, Aramaki, Aoba, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan); Saito, Tomoki [Institute for Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8583 (Japan); Sumikawa, Kentaro, E-mail: carolin.cardamone@astro.yale.ed [Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Ehime University, Bunkyo-cho, Matsuyama 790-8577 (Japan)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

470

Roles of nanoclusters in shear banding and plastic deformation of bulk metallic glasses  

SciTech Connect

During the course of this research we published 33 papers in various physics/material journals. We select four representing papers in this report and their results are summarized as follows. I. To study shear banding process, it is pertinent to know the intrinsic shear strain rate within a propagating shear band. To this aim, we used nanoindentation technique to probe the mechanical response of a Au49Ag5.5Pd2.3Cu26.9Si16.3 bulk metallic glass in locality and found notable pop-in events associated with shear band emission. Using a free volume model and under the situation when temperature and stress/hardness are fixed result in an equation, which predicts that hardness serration caused by pop-in decreases exponentially with the strain rate. Our data are in good agreement with the prediction. The result also predicts that, when strain rate is higher than a critical strain rate of 1700 s^-1, there will be no hardness serration, thereby no pop-in. In other words, multiple shear bandings will take place and material will flow homogeneously. The critical strain rate of 1700 s^-1 can be treated as the intrinsic strain rate within a shear band. We subsequently carried out a simulation study and showed that, if the imposed strain rate was over , the shear band spacing would become so small that the entire sample would virtually behave like one major shear band. Using the datum strain rate =1700 s^-1 and based on a shear band nucleation model proposed by us, the size of a shear-band nucleus in Au-BMG was estimated to be 3 ???? 10^6 atoms, or a sphere of ~30 nm in diameter. II. Inspired by the peculiar result published in a Science article ?¢????Super Plastic Bulk Metallic Glasses at Room Temperature?¢???, we synthesized the Zr-based bulk metallic glass with a composition identical to that in the paper (Zr64.13Cu15.75Ni10.12Al10) and, subsequently, tested in compression at the same slow strain rate (~10^-4 s^-1). We found that the dominant deformation mode is always single shear. The stress-strain curve exhibited serrated pattern in the plastic region, which conventionally has been attributed to individual shear band propagation. The scanning electron micrographs taken from the deformed sample surface revealed regularly spaced striations. Analysis indicates that the observed stress-strain serrations are intimately related to the striations on the shear surface, suggesting the serrations were actually caused slip-and-stick shear along the principal shear plane. We further use video camera to conduct in situ compression experiments to unambiguously confirm the one-to-one temporal and spatial correspondence between the intermittent sliding and flow serration. This preferential shear band formation along the principal shear plane is, in fact, a natural consequence of Mode II crack, independent of strain softening or hardening, usually claimed in the literature. III. Flow serration in compression of metallic glasses is caused by the formation and propagation of localized shear bands. These shear bands propagate at an extremely high speed, so high that a load cell and load frame were unable to capture the details of the dynamic event. To subdue this problem, we conducted uniaxial compression on Zr64.13Cu15.75Ni10.12Al10 bulk metallic glass using a high-speed camera to capture the sample image and also high-sensitivity strain gauges attached to the test samples to directly measure the strain. The displacement-time curves obtained from the test and a magnified version of the displacement burst reveals clearly a three-step (acceleration, steady-state, and deceleration) process during shear band propagation. The fastest propagating speed occurring at the steady state is calculated as 8????10^2 ???µm/s. This speed is about 1,000 times faster than the crosshead speed. This explains the gradual disappearance of flow serration at higher strain rates previously reported during compression of

Nieh, T.G.

2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

471

Topology and Design of Wide-Band 3D Metamaterials made of Periodically Loaded Transmission Line Arrays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Topology and Design of Wide-Band 3D Metamaterials made of Periodically Loaded Transmission Line index over a wide frequency band. These metamaterials consist of a three- dimensional transmission line and permeability. The cubic-cell transmission line host network is a physical realization of the 3D distributed

Tentzeris, Manos

472

An access etiquette for very-wide wireless bands R. Garcesa,*, J.J. Garcia-Luna-Acevesb  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, 901 San Antonio Road, Palo Alto, CA 94303, USA d Department of Electrical Engineering, Technion," for the 59­64 GHz unlicensed band to allow systems from different manufacturers with different physical cable. However, equipment may not be operated on this band, until an etiquette has been defined for its

California at Santa Cruz, University of

473

268 IEEE ANTENNAS AND WIRELESS PROPAGATION LETTERS, VOL. 9, 2010 Dual-Band Miniaturized Patch Antennas for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

268 IEEE ANTENNAS AND WIRELESS PROPAGATION LETTERS, VOL. 9, 2010 Dual-Band Miniaturized Patch a miniaturized, dual-band patch antenna array element that is designed for use in a three-dimensional (3-D the fundamental reso- nant mode of the patch antenna and one of its higher order modes. Miniaturization and tuning

Sheridan, Jennifer

474

On the nature of the extragalactic number counts in the K-band  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the causes of the different shape of the $K$-band number counts when compared to other bands, analyzing in detail the presence of a change in the slope around $K\\sim17.5$. We present a near-infrared imaging survey, conducted at the 3.5m telescope of the Calar Alto Spanish-German Astronomical Center (CAHA), covering two separated fields centered on the HFDN and the Groth field, with a total combined area of $\\sim0.27$deg$^{2}$ to a depth of $K\\sim19$ ($3\\sigma$,Vega). We derive luminosity functions from the observed $K$-band in the redshift range [0.25-1.25], that are combined with data from the references in multiple bands and redshifts, to build up the $K$-band number count distribution. We find that the overall shape of the number counts can be grouped into three regimes: the classic Euclidean slope regime ($d\\log N/dm\\sim0.6$) at bright magnitudes; a transition regime at intermediate magnitudes, dominated by $M^{\\ast}$ galaxies at the redshift that maximizes the product $\\phi^{\\ast}\\frac{dV_{c}}{d\\Omega}$; and an $\\alpha$ dominated regime at faint magnitudes, where the slope asymptotically approaches -0.4($\\alpha$+1) controlled by post-$M^{\\ast}$ galaxies. The slope of the $K$-band number counts presents an averaged decrement of $\\sim50%$ in the range $15.5

G. Barro; J. Gallego; P. G. Prez-Gonzlez; C. Eliche-Moral; M. Balcells; V. Villar; N. Cardiel; D. Cristobal-Hornillos; A. Gil de Paz; R. Gzman; R. Pell; M. Prieto; J. Zamorano

2008-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

475

Tunability over three frequency bands induced by mode transition in relativistic backward wave oscillator with strong end reflections  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents an efficient approach to realizing the frequency tunability of a relativistic backward wave oscillator (RBWO) over three frequency bands by mode transition without changing the slow wave structure (SWS). It is figured out that the transition of the operation mode in the RBWO can be efficiently achieved by using the strong end reflection of the SWS. This mode transition results in the tunability of the RBWO over three frequency bands at high power and high efficiency without changing the SWS. In numerical simulation, the output frequency of the RBWO can jump over 7.9?GHz in C-band, 9.9?GHz in X-band, and 12.4?GHz in Ku-band with output power exceeding 3.0?GW and conversion efficiency higher than 35% by just reasonably transforming the structures of the front and post resonant reflectors which provide the strong end reflection for the SWS.

Wu, Ping; Deng, Yuqun [Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Science and Technology on High Power Microwave Laboratory, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China); Fan, Juping; Teng, Yan; Shi, Yanchao; Sun, Jun [Science and Technology on High Power Microwave Laboratory, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

476

Additional bands of the ArD2O intramolecular bending mode observed using a quantum cascade laser  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three new rovibrational bands of ArD2O have been observed in the ?2 bending region of D2O using a quantum cascade laser based cavity ringdown spectrometer. In addition, further observations of the ?(110, ?2=1)??(101) band reported by Li et al. (J. Mol. Spectrosc. 272 (2012) 2731) have been made. All bands were fit by treating the complex using a pseudo-diatomic model which treats the D2O as a free rotor within the complex. Molecular constants have been obtained using this model and are reported with deviations in the fits ranging from 0.0002cm?1 to 0.0005 cm?1. Two of the newly observed bands are tentatively assigned as the ?(202, ?2=1)??(111) and ?(211, ?2=1)??(202) bands, which have not previously been observed in other spectral regions.

Jacob T. Stewart; Benjamin J. McCall

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Abstract .The goal of the present research is to utilize remote sensing tools to reconstruct the extent and impact of fires in a desert-urban environment. Our results indicate that simple band stretches and albedo data successfully discriminated burned ve  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

data. A non- parametric analysis (Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA) of the field data revealed a significant = 307.9 ± 47.4 Kruskal-Wallis Test, Chi-Square = 5.08; P = 0.02 Field work was conducted in early August

Hall, Sharon J.

478

COO-3072-119 RESULTS ON THE PERFORMANCE OF A BROAD BAND FOCUSSING CHERENKOV COUNTER*  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3072-119 3072-119 ^ RESULTS ON THE PERFORMANCE OF A BROAD BAND FOCUSSING CHERENKOV COUNTER* Sherman,"'"'' R. C. W e b b , ' ' ' " ' ' " ' " M. ^.otov-~ S C i i v ^ ^ - - ^ - ^ Cester, V. L. Fitch, A. Montag, S. Sherman, R. C. Webb, M. S. Witherell Department of Physics, Princeton University, Princeton, N. J. 085A4 Abstract The field of ring imaging (broad band differential) Cherenkov detectors-^ has become a very active area of interest in detector development at several high energy physics laboratories. Our group has previously report- ed2 on a method of Cherenkov ring imaging for a counter with large momentum and angular acceptance using stan- dard photo multipliers. Recently, we have applied this technique to the design of a set of Cherenkov counters

479

Ultraviolet - "Green" Energy in the "C" Band  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ultraviolet - "Green" Energy in the "C" Band Ultraviolet - "Green" Energy in the "C" Band Speaker(s): Forrest Fencl Date: April 16, 2009 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Mr. Forrest Fencl of UV Resources, Inc. will discuss how air conditioning system operation, maintenance, and utilization influence system cooling capacity and indoor air quality. The use of ultraviolet germicidal radiation to clean heat exchangers and maintain their efficiency will be reviewed and energy savings estimates will be provided. Additionally, he will discuss why UV-C is considered the "green" cleaner and how widely it is used today as an engineering strategy for precluding the growth, dissemination and recirculation of microbial contaminants. For more information about this seminar, please contact: Bill Fisk(510) 486-591

480

Ocean Aerosols: The Marine Fast-Rotating Shadow-Band Radiometer Network  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ocean Aerosols: The Marine Fast-Rotating Ocean Aerosols: The Marine Fast-Rotating Shadow-Band Radiometer Network M. A. Miller, R. M. Reynolds, and J. J. Bartholomew Brookhaven National Laboratory Upton, New York Introduction A network of ship-mounted marine fast-rotating shadow-band radiometers (FRSRs) and broadband radiometers have been deployed over the fast four years on several backbone ships, funded jointly by Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) and National Aeronautic and Space Administration's (NASA's) Sensor Intercomparison and Merger for Biological and Interdisciplinary Studies (SIMBIOS). These radiometers operate continuously and automatically during daylight hours. There fundamental measurements made by the FRSRs in the network are the direct-normal irradiance

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vieux desert band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT FOR AN X-BAND LINEAR COLLIDER* C. Adolphsen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

AND DEVELOPMENT FOR AN AND DEVELOPMENT FOR AN X-BAND LINEAR COLLIDER* C. Adolphsen Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Stanford University, Stanford CA 94309 USA Abstract At SLAC and KEK research is advancing toward a design for an electron-positron linear collider based on X-Band (11.4 GHz) rf accelerator technology. The nominal acceleration gradient in its main linacs will be about four times that in the Stanford Linear Collider (SLC). The design targets a 1.0 TeV center-of-mass energy but envisions initial operation at 0.5 TeV and allows for expansion to 1.5 TeV. A 10 34 cm -2 s -1 luminosity level will be achieved by colliding multiple bunches per pulse with bunch emittances about two orders of magnitude smaller than those in the SLC. The key components needed to realize such a collider are

482

z'-BAND GROUND-BASED DETECTION OF THE SECONDARY ECLIPSE OF WASP-19b  

SciTech Connect

We present the ground-based detection of the secondary eclipse of the transiting exoplanet WASP-19b. The observations were made in the Sloan z' band using the ULTRACAM triple-beam CCD camera mounted on the New Technology Telescope. The measurement shows a 0.088% {+-} 0.019% eclipse depth, matching previous predictions based on H- and K-band measurements. We discuss in detail our approach to the removal of errors arising due to systematics in the data set, in addition to fitting a model transit to our data. This fit returns an eclipse center, T{sub 0}, of 2455578.7676 HJD, consistent with a circular orbit. Our measurement of the secondary eclipse depth is also compared to model atmospheres of WASP-19b and is found to be consistent with previous measurements at longer wavelengths for the model atmospheres we investigated.

Burton, J. R.; Watson, C. A.; Pollacco, D. [Astrophysics Research Centre, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast BT7 1NN (United Kingdom); Littlefair, S. P.; Dhillon, V. S. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S3 7RH (United Kingdom); Gibson, N. P. [Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom); Marsh, T. R., E-mail: jburton04@qub.ac.uk [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom)

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Broad-band Spectral Properties of Accreting X-ray Binary Pulsars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Broad-band spectra of accreting X-ray binary pulsars can be fit by a phenomenological model composed by a power law with a high energy rollover above 10 keV, plus a blackbody component with a temperature of few hundred eV. While, at least qualitatively, the hard tail can be explained in terms of (inverse) Compton scattering, the origin of the soft component cannot find a unique explanation. Recently a qualitative picture able to explain the overall broad band-spectrum of luminous X-ray pulsars was carried out by taking into account the effect of bulk Comptonization in the accretion column. After a review on these recent theoretical developments, I will present a case study of how different modelization of the continuum affect broad features, in particular the cyclotron resonance features in Vela X-1.

Mauro Orlandini

2005-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

484

Modeling of electroabsorption in semiconductor quantum structures within the eight-band k?p theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have incorporated electric fields into the eight-band k?p theory, which we have applied to heterostructures, in conjunction with the envelope-function approximation. We use the method of Baraff and Gershoni to implement the electric-field effects in a computer program that calculates the optical properties of direct-band-gap heterostructures in one, two, and three dimensions. Using this method, we calculate the interband and intersubband electroabsorption of multiple quantum wells as well as the interband electroabsorption in superlattices. We illustrate the evolution of the Stark localization of the electron wave function under the application of an external electric field in superlattices. Comparison with experimental data, available in the literature, exhibits very good agreement between theory and experiment, with respect to the spectral shape, the absolute magnitude, and the electric-field dependence of the absorption.

Mats-Erik Pistol and David Gershoni

1994-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

485

Structure of the yrast band in the odd-odd deformed nucleus {sup 156}Pm  

SciTech Connect

The six-level sequence deduced for the odd-odd nucleus {sup 156}Pm in the high-spin studies following spontaneous fission of {sup 252}Cf is shown to constitute the K{sup {pi}=}4{sup +} yrast band having the two-quasiparticle configuration {l_brace}p:5/2[532]+ n:3/2[521]{r_brace}. Spin parities I{sup {pi}=}4{sup +} through 9{sup +} are assigned to the earlier suggested six levels. The location and the decay {gamma}'s of the 10{sup +} level of this band are indicated. It is also pointed out that there are no {gamma} rays common to these postfission high-spin spectra and those seen in the {sup 156}Nd {beta}-decay studies.

Sood, P. C.; Sai, K. Vijay; Gowrishankar, R. [Department of Physics, Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning, Prasanthi Nilayam (AP) 515134 (India); Sainath, M. [Department of Physics, Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning, Prasanthi Nilayam (AP) 515134 (India); Department of Physics, Rajiv Gandhi University of Knowledge Technologies, Hyderabad (AP) 500032 (India)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

486

Rotational bands in odd-A Cm and Cf isotopes: Exploring the highest neutron orbitals  

SciTech Connect

Rotational bands have been identified up to high spins ({approx_equal}28({h_bar}/2{pi})) in the odd-A nuclei {sup 247,249}Cm and {sup 249}Cf through inelastic excitation and transfer reactions around the Z=100 region where stability results from shell effects. The [620]1/2 Nilsson configuration in {sup 249}Cm is the highest-lying neutron orbital, from above the N=164 spherical subshell gap, for which high-spin rotational behavior has been established. The data allow for an unambiguous experimental assignment of configurations to the observed bands, unusual for odd-A nuclei near Z=100. The high-spin properties are described in terms of Woods-Saxon cranking calculations.

Tandel, S. K.; Chowdhury, P.; Lakshmi, S.; Tandel, U. S. [Department of Physics, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, Massachusetts 01854 (United States); Ahmad, I.; Carpenter, M. P.; Gros, S.; Janssens, R. V. F.; Khoo, T. L.; Kondev, F. G.; Greene, J. P.; Lauritsen, T.; Lister, C. J.; Peterson, D.; Robinson, A.; Seweryniak, D.; Zhu, S. [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Hartley, D. J. [Department of Physics, US Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland 21402 (United States)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

487

Near-Infrared Classification Spectroscopy: H-band Spectra of Fundamental MK Standards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a catalogue of H-band spectra for 85 stars of approximately solar abundance observed at a resolving power of 3000 with the KPNO Mayall 4m FTS. The atlas covers spectral types O7-M5 and luminosity classes I-V as defined on the MK system. We identify both atomic and molecular indices and line-ratios which are temperature and luminosity sensitive allowing spectral classification to be carried out in the H-band. The line ratios permit spectral classification in the presence of continuum excess emission, which is commonly found in pre-main sequence and evolved stars. We demonstrate that with spectra of R = 1000 obtained at SNR > 50 it is possible to derive spectral types within +- 2 subclasses for late-type stars. These data are available electronically through the Astronomical Data Center in addition to being served on the World-Wide-Web.

Michael R. Meyer; Suzan Edwards; Kenneth H. Hinkle; Stephen E. Strom

1998-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

488

New Precision in Cosmic Ray Measurements; Yielding Extension of Spectrum and Indications of Bands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Method of measurement of capacities of the order of one cm.A method is described which leads to greatly increased precision in the measurement of capacities of the order of one electrostatic unit.More penetrating cosmic rays than we have previously found are indicated by a new absorption curve obtained in Gem Lake (9080 ft.) and Lake Arrowhead (5125 ft.) with much greater precision than hitherto possible.Cosmic-ray spectrum.The new curve affords definite evidence for the existence of bands in the spectrum of cosmic rays. The measurements indicate that the cosmic rays consist chiefly of two bands about three octaves apart of mean absorption coefficients 0.35 and 0.04 to 0.05 per meter of water.The total energy of cosmic rays at the top of the atmosphere is found to be very nearly one-tenth that due to starlight and heat as computed from Seares' data.

R. A. Millikan and G. H. Cameron

1928-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Energy band modulation of graphane by hydrogen-vacancy chains: A first-principles study  

SciTech Connect

We investigated a variety of configurations of hydrogen-vacancy chains in graphane by first-principles density functional calculation. We found that graphane with two zigzag H-vacancy chains segregated by one or more H chain is generally a nonmagnetic conductor or has a negligible band gap. However, the same structure is turned into a semiconductor and generates a magnetic moment if either one or both of the vacancy chains are blocked by isolated H atoms. If H-vacancy chains are continuously distributed, the structure is similar to a zigzag graphene nanoribbon embedded in graphane. It was also found that the embedded zigzag graphene nanoribbon is antiferromagnetic, and isolated H atoms left in the 2-chain nanoribbon can tune the band gap and generate net magnetic moments. Similar effects are also obtained if bare carbon atoms are present outside the nanoribbon. These results are useful for designing graphene-based nanoelectronic circuits.

Wu, Bi-Ru [Department of Natural science, Center for General Education, Chang Gung University, Kueishan 333, Taiwan, ROC (China); Yang, Chih-Kai, E-mail: ckyang@nccu.edu.tw [Graduate Institute of Applied Physics, National Chengchi University, Taipei 11605, Taiwan, ROC (China)

2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

490

The effect of spin-orbit coupling in band structure of few-layer graphene  

SciTech Connect

Topological insulators are electronic materials that have a bulk band gap like an ordinary insulator but have protected conducting states on their edge or surface. This can be happened due to spin-orbit coupling and time-reversal symmetry. Moreover, the edge current flows through their edge or surface depends on its spin orientation and also it is robust against non-magnetic impurities. Therefore, topological insulators are predicted to be useful ranging from spintronics to quantum computation. Graphene was first predicted to be the precursor of topological insulator by Kane-Mele. They developed a Hamiltonian model to describe the gap opening in graphene. In this work, we investigate the band structure of few-layer graphene by using this model with analytical approach. The results of our calculations show that the gap opening occurs at K and K point, not only in single layer, but also in bilayer and trilayer graphene.

Sahdan, Muhammad Fauzi, E-mail: sahdan89@yahoo.co.id; Darma, Yudi, E-mail: sahdan89@yahoo.co.id [Department of Physics, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Ganesa 10, Bandung 40132 (Indonesia)

2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

491

Inorganic Graphenylene: A Porous Two-Dimensional Material With Tunable Band Gap  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By means of ab initio calculations we investigate the possibility of existence of a boron nitride (BN) porous two-dimensional nanosheet which is geometrically similar to the carbon allotrope known as biphenylene carbon. The proposed structure, which we called Inorganic Graphenylene (IGP), is formed spontaneously after selective dehydrogenation of the porous Boron Nitride (BN) structure proposed by Ding et al. We study the structural and electronic properties of both porous BN and IGP and it is shown that, by selective substitution of B and N atoms with carbon atoms in these structures, the band gap can be significantly reduced, changing their behavior from insulators to semiconductors, thus opening the possibility of band gap engineering for this class of two-dimensional materials.

Perim, Eric; Atreto, Pedro Alves da Silva; Galvo, Douglas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Multi-bands photoconductive response in AlGaN/GaN multiple quantum wells  

SciTech Connect

Based on the optical transitions among the quantum-confined electronic states in the conduction band, we have fabricated multi-bands AlGaN/GaN quantum well infrared photodetectors. Crack-free AlGaN/GaN multiple quantum wells (MQWs) with atomically sharp interfaces have been achieved by inserting an AlN interlayer, which releases most of the tensile strain in the MQWs grown on the GaN underlayer. With significant reduction of dark current by using thick AlGaN barriers, photoconductive responses are demonstrated due to intersubband transition in multiple regions with center wavelengths of 1.3, 2.3, and 4??m, which shows potential applications on near infrared detection.

Chen, G.; Rong, X.; Xu, F. J.; Tang, N. [State Key Laboratory of Artificial Microstructure and Mesoscopic Physics, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Wang, X. Q., E-mail: wangshi@pku.edu.cn; Shen, B., E-mail: bshen@pku.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Artificial Microstructure and Mesoscopic Physics, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Collaborative Innovation Center of Quantum Matter, Beijing (China); Fu, K.; Zhang, B. S. [Suzhou Institute of Nano-Tech and Nano-Bionics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ruoshui Road 398, 215123 Suzhou (China); Hashimoto, H.; Yoshikawa, A. [Center for SMART Green Innovation Research, Chiba University, 1-33 Yayoi-cho, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8522 (Japan); Ge, W. K. [Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100871 (China)

2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

493

Rotational structures in Ta174 and identical bands in the normal deformation regime  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ta174 has been studied through the Tm169(9Be,4n) fusion-evaporation reaction in the energy range E(9Be)=4065 MeV. ?- and x-ray in-beam and activity singles spectra, ?-?-t coincidences, and angular-distribution measurements were performed. Four rotational structures have been found and interpreted on the basis of coupling systematics. Mixing ratio signs have been calculated using a semiclassical method and compared with the signs of the angular-distribution coefficients, in order to consolidate configuration assignments. Identical bands, i.e., bands with similar transition energies, have been found in neighboring odd and doubly-odd Ta171-174. This similarity is interpreted here as due to fortuitous compensations between different transverse and collective angular momenta and moments of inertia.

D. Hojman; A. J. Kreiner; M. Davidson

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Pseudomorphic GeSn/Ge(001) quantum wells: Examining indirect band gap bowing  

SciTech Connect

A study of the bandgap character of compressively strained GeSn{sub 0.060-0.091}/Ge(001) quantum wells grown by molecular beam epitaxy is reported. The built-in strain in GeSn wells leads to an increased separation between L and {Gamma} conduction band minima. The prevalent indirect interband transitions in GeSn were probed by photoluminescence spectroscopy. As a result we could simulate the L-valley bowing parameter in GeSn alloys, b{sub L} = 0.80 {+-} 0.06 eV at 10 K. From this we conclude that even compressively strained GeSn/Ge(001) alloys could become direct band gap semiconductors at the Sn-fraction higher than 17.0 at. %.

Tonkikh, Alexander A. [Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics, Weinberg 2 D-06120, Halle (Saale) (Germany); Institute for Physics of Microstructures RAS, GSP-105, Nizhniy Novgorod (Russian Federation); Eisenschmidt, Christian; Schmidt, Georg [Institute of Physics, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Von-Danckelmann-Platz 3 D-01620, Halle (Saale) (Germany); Talalaev, Vadim G. [Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics, Weinberg 2 D-06120, Halle (Saale) (Germany); ZIK SiLi-Nano, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Karl-Freiherr-von-Fritsch-Str. 3 D-06120, Halle (Saale) (Germany); Zakharov, Nikolay D.; Werner, Peter [Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics, Weinberg 2 D-06120, Halle (Saale) (Germany); Schilling, Joerg [ZIK SiLi-Nano, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Karl-Freiherr-von-Fritsch-Str. 3 D-06120, Halle (Saale) (Germany)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

495

Vibration Stabilization of a Mechanical Model of a X-Band Linear Collider Final Focus Magnet  

SciTech Connect

The small beam sizes at the interaction point of a X-band linear collider require mechanical stabilization of the final focus magnets at the nanometer level. While passive systems provide adequate performance at many potential sites, active mechanical stabilization is useful if the natural or cultural ground vibration is higher than expected. A mechanical model of a room temperature linear collider final focus magnet has been constructed and actively stabilized with an accelerometer based system.

Frisch, Josef; Chang, Allison; Decker, Valentin; Doyle, Eric; Eriksson, Leif; Hendrickson, Linda; Himel, Thomas; Markiewicz, Thomas; Partridge, Richard; Seryi, Andrei; /SLAC

2006-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

496

Comments on "Electron band structure of solid methane: Ab initio calculations"  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A recent ab initio band-structure calculation by Piela et al. for solid methane is reviewed critically. The analysis used by Piela et al. to determine which contributions to the Fock matrix are large is shown to be in error. This error has the effect that Piela et al. neglect terms in the two-center matrix element which are large and easy to evaluate and retain terms in the one-center matrix element which are small and difficult to evaluate.

A. Barry Kunz

1974-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

497

Timescale stretch parameterization of Type Ia supernova B-band light curves  

SciTech Connect

R-band intensity measurements along the light curve of Type Ia supernovae discovered by the Cosmology Project (SCP) are fitted in brightness to templates allowing a free parameter the time-axis width factor w identically equal to s times (1+z). The data points are then individually aligned in the time-axis, normalized and K-corrected back to the rest frame, after which the nearly 1300 normalized intensity measurements are found to lie on a well-determined common rest-frame B-band curve which we call the ''composite curve.'' The same procedure is applied to 18 low-redshift Calan/Tololo SNe with Z < 0.11; these nearly 300 B-band photometry points are found to lie on the composite curve equally well. The SCP search technique produces several measurements before maximum light for each supernova. We demonstrate that the linear stretch factor, s, which parameterizes the light-curve timescale appears independent of z, and applies equally well to the declining and rising parts of the light curve. In fact, the B band template that best fits this composite curve fits the individual supernova photometry data when stretched by a factor s with chi 2/DoF {approx} 1, thus as well as any parameterization can, given the current data sets. The measurement of the data of explosion, however, is model dependent and not tightly constrained by the current data. We also demonstrate the 1 + z light-cure time-axis broadening expected from cosmological expansion. This argues strongly against alternative explanations, such as tired light, for the redshift of distant objects.

Goldhaber, G.; Groom, D.E.; Kim, A.; Aldering, G.; Astier, P.; Conley, A.; Deustua, S.E.; Ellis, R.; Fabbro, S.; Fruchter, A.S.; Goobar, A.; Hook, I.; Irwin, M.; Kim, M.; Knop, R.A.; Lidman, C.; McMahon, R.; Nugent, P.E.; Pain, R.; Panagia, N.; Pennypacker, C.R.; Perlmutter, S.; Ruiz-Lapuente, P.; Schaefer, B.; Walton, N.A.; York, T.

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Miniaturized Multi-Band Antenna Design via Element Collocation and Inductive Feed Loading  

SciTech Connect

In a FY09 SDRD project, four separate antennas were designed to receive signals of interest covering a broad range of frequencies. While the elements exceeded specifications, the array footprint is substantial. Research performed by the CU Microwave Active Antenna Group in collaboration with RSL, showed promise in realizing a reduced structure. This work will expand upon this previous research. This project will result in a prototype quad-band antenna.

Martin, R. P.

2012-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

499

A NEW MULTI-BAND RADIAL VELOCITY TECHNIQUE FOR DETECTING EXOPLANETS AROUND ACTIVE STARS  

SciTech Connect

The radial velocity (RV) technique is one of the most efficient ways of detecting exoplanets. However, large RV jitters induced by starspots on an active star can inhibit detection of any exoplanet present or even lead to a false positive detection. This paper presents a new multi-band RV technique capable of substantially reducing starspot-induced RV jitters from stellar RV measurements to allow efficient and accurate extraction of RV signals caused by exoplanets. It takes full advantage of the correlation of RV jitters at different spectral bands and the independence of exoplanet signals at the corresponding bands. Simulations with a single-spot model and a multi-spot model have been conducted to investigate the RV jitter reduction capability of this method. The results show that this method can reduce the RV jitter amplitude by at least an order of magnitude, allowing detection of weaker exoplanet signals without significantly increasing RV observation time and cadence. This method can greatly reduce the observation time required to detect Earth-like planets around solar type stars with {approx}0.1 m s{sup -1} long term Doppler precision if spot-induced jitter is the dominant astrophysical noise source for RV measurements. This method can work efficiently for RV jitter removal if: (1) all the spots on a target star have approximately the same temperature during RV observations; (2) the RV jitter amplitude changes with wavelength, i.e., the RV jitter amplitude ratio, {alpha}, between two different spectral bands is not close to one; (3) the spot-induced RV jitter dominates the RV measurement error.

Ma Bo; Ge Jian, E-mail: boma@astro.ufl.edu, E-mail: jge@astrto.ufl.edu [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, 211 Bryant Space Science Center, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States)

2012-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

500

Fond du Lac Band Leads Climate Resilience Efforts on Lake Superior Chippewa Indian Reservation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

From the White House Council on Environmental Quality blog: Last Friday I had the pleasure of visiting the Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indian Reservation. We toured the reservation and facilities with tribal Chairwoman Karen Diver, a member of the Presidents State, Local, and Tribal Leaders Task Force on Climate Preparedness and Resilience, and the Tribes Resource Management Division.