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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical wind shear" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Statistics on Vertical Wind Shear over Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Statistics on boundary layer vertical wind shear were gathered from rawinsonde soundings taken from three small islands and one weather ship. These soundings show a high correlation between surface and 1829 m altitude wind directions. Wind speeds ...

Donald P. Wylie; Barry B. Hinton; Kellie M. Millett

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Environmental Vertical Wind Shear with Hurricane Bertha (1996)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hurricane Bertha (1996) was influenced by vertical wind shear with highly variable direction and magnitude. The paper describes a unique method for determining the vertical tilt of a tropical cyclone vortex using satellite and aircraft data. ...

Raymond M. Zehr

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Effects of Vertical Wind Shear on Tropical Cyclone Precipitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The response of the precipitation field for tropical cyclones in relation to the surrounding environmental vertical wind shear has been investigated using 20 000 snapshots of passive-microwave satellite rain rates. Composites of mean rain rates, ...

Matthew T. Wingo; Daniel J. Cecil

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Vertical Wind Shear Associated with Left-Moving Supercells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertical wind shear parameters are presented for 60 left-moving supercells across the United States, 53 of which produced severe hail (?1.9 cm). Hodographs corresponding to environments of left-moving supercells have a tendency to be more linear ...

Matthew J. Bunkers

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

The Dependence of Numerically Simulated Convective Storms on Vertical Wind Shear and Buoyancy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of vertical wind shear and buoyancy on convective storm structure and evolution are investigated with the use of a three-dimensional numerical cloud model. By varying the magnitude of buoyant energy and one-directional vertical shear ...

M. L. Weisman; J. B. Klemp

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Observations of Vertical Wind Shear Heterogeneity in Convective Boundary Layers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dual-Doppler wind syntheses from mobile radar observations obtained during the International H2O Project document some of the spatial variability of vertical wind profiles in convective boundary layers. Much of the variability of popular ...

Paul Markowski; Yvette Richardson

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Organization of Tropical Convection in Low Vertical Wind Shears: The Role of Water Vapor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A modeling study is conducted to gain insight into the factors that control the intensity and organization of tropical convection, and in particular to examine if organization occurs in the absence of factors such as vertical wind shear or ...

Adrian M. Tompkins

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Effect of Vertical Wind Shear on Numerically Simulated Multicell Storm Structure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A strictly two-dimensional cloud model was used to gauge the effect of vertical wind shear on the mature phase behavior of model-simulated multicellular storms, extending the previous work of the authors. We specifically examined the propagation ...

Robert G. Fovell; Yoshi Ogura

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Asymmetric Hurricane Boundary Layer Structure from Dropsonde Composites in Relation to the Environmental Vertical Wind Shear  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the asymmetric structure of the hurricane boundary layer in relation to the environmental vertical wind shear in the inner core region. Data from 1878 GPS dropsondes deployed by research aircraft in 19 hurricanes are ...

Jun A. Zhang; Robert F. Rogers; Paul D. Reasor; Eric W. Uhlhorn; Frank D. Marks Jr.

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Vertical Wind Shear Influences on Tropical Cyclone Formation and Intensification during TCM-92 and TCM-93  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertical wind shears between 200 and 850 mb are calculated from operational analyses and special interactive analyses for Tropical Storm Steve during the Tropical Cyclone Motion (TCM-93) field experiment and for Typhoon Omar at the end of the TCM-...

Russell L. Elsberry; Richard A. Jeffries

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Effects of Vertical Wind Shear and Storm Motion on Tropical Cyclone Rainfall Asymmetries Deduced from TRMM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertical wind shear and storm motion are two of the most important factors contributing to rainfall asymmetries in tropical cyclones (TCs). Global TC rainfall structure, in terms of azimuthal distribution and asymmetries relative to storm motion, ...

Shuyi S. Chen; John A. Knaff; Frank D. Marks Jr.

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Asymmetric Hurricane Boundary Layer Structure from Dropsonde Composites in Relation to the Environmental Vertical Wind Shear  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the asymmetric structure of the hurricane boundary layer in relation to the environmental vertical wind shear in the inner core region. Data from 1878 GPS dropsondes deployed by research aircraft in 19 hurricanes are ...

Jun A. Zhang; Robert F. Rogers; Paul D. Reasor; Eric W. Uhlhorn; Frank D. Marks Jr.

13

The Effects of Vertical Wind Shear on the Distribution of Convection in Tropical Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influence of vertical wind shear on the azimuthal distribution of cloud-to-ground lightning in tropical cyclones was examined using flash locations from the National Lightning Detection Network. The study covers 35 Atlantic basin tropical ...

Kristen L. Corbosiero; John Molinari

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

The Case of Sharp Velocity Transitions in High Vertical Wind Shear When Measuring Doppler Velocities with Narrow Nyquist Intervals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An investigation was launched following unexpected observations of step-function transitions in Doppler velocities from scanning radars in regions of high vertical wind shear. It revealed that, if wind velocity transitions are sufficiently sharp ...

Frédéric Fabry; Clotilde Augros; Aldo Bellon

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Numerical Simulation Of Sea Breezes with Vertical Wind Shear during Dry Season at Cape of Three Points, West Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The airflow over Cape of Three Points (Gulf of Guinea: 4.5°N, 2°W) has been simulated using a three-dimensional mesoscale model in order to investigate the sea breeze developing in synoptic vertical wind shears during the 1979 dry season. Two ...

S. Cautenet; R. Rosset

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Vertical axis wind turbines  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A vertical axis wind turbine is described. The wind turbine can include a top ring, a middle ring and a lower ring, wherein a plurality of vertical airfoils are disposed between the rings. For example, three vertical airfoils can be attached between the upper ring and the middle ring. In addition, three more vertical airfoils can be attached between the lower ring and the middle ring. When wind contacts the vertically arranged airfoils the rings begin to spin. By connecting the rings to a center pole which spins an alternator, electricity can be generated from wind.

Krivcov, Vladimir (Miass, RU); Krivospitski, Vladimir (Miass, RU); Maksimov, Vasili (Miass, RU); Halstead, Richard (Rohnert Park, CA); Grahov, Jurij (Miass, RU)

2011-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

17

Direct Determination of Wind Shears from the Gradients of Satellite Radiance Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To the extent that the stratosphere wind field is close to geostrophic, the thermal wind is a good approximation to the vertical wind shear (vertical variation of the horizontal wind). And since the thermal wind is proportional to the horizontal ...

George Ohring; Binyamin Neeman; Louis D. Duncan

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

An Observational Study of Strong Vertical Wind Shear over North America during the 1983/84 Cold Season  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The phenomenon of strong vertical wind sheer (SWS) over the North American continent is documented with conventional rawinsonde data for the period 1 October 1983 through 31 March 1984. One of the objectives of this work is to describe the three-...

John R. Gyakum; Ming Cai

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

A Comparison of Tropical and Midlatitude Thunderstorm Evolution in Response to Wind Shear  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influence of vertical wind shear on storm development within a tropical environment is studied with the aid of two numerical models and compared with that in simulations of midlatitude storms. The simulations show that larger wind shears are ...

Ulrike Wissmeier; Robert Goler

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Tropospheric Wind Shear Oscillations as a Characteristic of the Southwest Monsoon Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In earlier papers it was shown that tropospheric vertical wind shear in the layer 850–200 mb decreases appreciably prior to formation of depressions in the Indian summer monsoon area. Further analysis reveals that this decrease in shear stems ...

C. R. V. Raman; Y. P. Rao; S. K. Subramanian; Jose A. Maliekal

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical wind shear" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

The Downwind Spread of an Initially Vertical Column of Particles in a Sheared Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of particle fallspeeds on the downwind spread of initially vertical columns or curtains are examined in environments with wind shear. Sets of equations describing the column width as a function of time and distance below column top ...

Ronald E. Stewart; John D. Marwitz

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Vertical axis wind turbine airfoil  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A vertical axis wind turbine airfoil is described. The wind turbine airfoil can include a leading edge, a trailing edge, an upper curved surface, a lower curved surface, and a centerline running between the upper surface and the lower surface and from the leading edge to the trailing edge. The airfoil can be configured so that the distance between the centerline and the upper surface is the same as the distance between the centerline and the lower surface at all points along the length of the airfoil. A plurality of such airfoils can be included in a vertical axis wind turbine. These airfoils can be vertically disposed and can rotate about a vertical axis.

Krivcov, Vladimir; Krivospitski, Vladimir; Maksimov, Vasili; Halstead, Richard; Grahov, Jurij Vasiljevich

2012-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

23

A Statistical Model of Vertical Shear from Moored Current Meters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We derive a statistical model or shear to predict how measurement of mean-square shear vary with stratification and with vertical separation ?z between moored current meters. Our model is based on a simplified version of the vertical wavenumber-...

David Rubenstein; Fred Newman; Walt Grabowski

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Nocturnal Wind Direction Shear and Its Potential Impact on Pollutant Transport  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The potential effects of vertical wind direction shear on pollutant transport at a complicated, semiarid site are examined using tower measurements. This high-elevation site is situated on a sloping plateau between mountains to the west and a ...

Brent M. Bowen; Jeffrey A. Baars; Gregory L. Stone

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Wind shear climatology for large wind turbine generators  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Climatological wind shear analyses relevant to the design and operation of multimegawatt wind turbines are provided. Insight is provided for relating the wind experienced by a rotating blade in a shear flow to the analysis results. A simple analysis of the wind experienced by a rotating blade for three types of wind shear profiles under steady-state conditions is presented in graphical form. Comparisons of the magnitude and frequency of the variations in 1) the wind sensed by a single blade element, 2) the sum, and 3) the difference of the winds sensed by opposite blade elements show strong sensitivity to profile shape. These three items represent forcing functions that can be related to 1) flatwise bending moment, 2) torque on the shaft, and 3) teeter angle. A computer model was constructed to simulate rotational sampling of 10-s sampled winds from a tall tower for three different types of large wind turbines. Time series produced by the model indicated that the forcing functions on a rotating blade vary according to the shear profile encountered during each revolution as opposed to a profile derived from average wind conditions, e.g., hourly average winds. An analysis scheme was developed to establish a climatology of wind shear profiles derived from 10-s sampled winds and hourly average winds measured over a one-year period at several levels on a tall tower. Because of the sensitivity of the forcing function variability to profile shape, the analyses performed and presented are in the form of joint frequency distributions of velocity differences of the the top-to-hub versus the hub-to-bottom portion of disks of rotation for the three turbine configurations.

Elliott, D.L.; Wendell, L.L.; Heflick, S.K.

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Varieties of Fully Resolved Spectra of Vertical Shear  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Multi-Scale profiler (MSP) resolves shear between vertical wavenumbers of 0.01 cpm and the viscous cutoff of small-scale turbulence. Observations from five sites reveal varied spectral shapes and amplitudes. Spectral amplitudes measured at ...

M. C. Gregg; D. P. Winkel; T. B. Sanford

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Solitary Rossby Waves in the Presence of Vertical Shear  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An investigation is made to determine the effects of vertical shear on regular neutral mode Rossby solitons for application to planetary atmospheres. The basic zonal flow consists of two fluid layers on a ?plane, each with different mean ...

P. D. Weidman; L. G. Redekopp

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Foundation parameter study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The dynamic failure criterion governing the dimensions of prototype Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Foundations is treated as a variable parameter. The resulting change in foundation dimensions and costs is examined.

Lodde, P.F.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Wind Shear Characteristics at Central Plains Tall Towers (presentation)  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of this report are: (1) Analyze wind shear characteristics at tall tower sites for diverse areas in the central plains (Texas to North Dakota)--Turbines hub heights are now 70-100 m above ground and Wind measurements at 70-100+ m have been rare. (2) Present conclusions about wind shear characteristics for prime wind energy development regions.

Schwartz, M.; Elliott, D.

2006-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

30

A low order model for vertical axis wind turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new computational model for initial sizing and performance prediction of vertical axis wind turbines

Drela, Mark

31

Analytical Shear Statistics Based on Nocturnal Wind Profiles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For a number of periods since 1978, wind and temperature profile measurements have been taken at two radio masts of 300 m height located in northern Germany. From wind profiles obtained during nocturnal conditions, wind shear data were calculated ...

K-P. Wittich; J. Hartmann; R. Roth

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Wind shear for large wind turbine generators at selected tall tower sites  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of the study described in this report is to examine the nature of wind shear profiles and their variability over the height of large horizontal-axis wind turbines and to provide information on wind shear relevant to the design and opertion of large wind turbines. Wind turbine fatigue life and power quality are related through the forcing functions on the blade to the shapes of the wind shear profiles and their fluctuations over the disk of rotation.

Elliott, D.L.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Wind Shear Characteristics at Central Plains Tall Towers: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Conference paper for WindPower 2006 held June 4-7, 2006, in Pittsburgh, PA, describing the wind shear characteristics at tall tower sites in the Central Plains of the United States.

Schwartz, M.; Elliott, D.

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Vertical axis wind turbine control strategy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Early expensive in automatic operation of the Sandia 17-m vertical axis research wind turbine (VAWT) has demonstrated the need for a systematic study of control algorithms. To this end, a computer model has been developed that uses actual wind time series and turbine performance data to calculate the power produced by the Sandia 17-m VAWT operating in automatic control. The model has been used to investigate the influence of starting algorithms on annual energy production. The results indicate that, depending on turbine and local wind characteristics, a bad choice of a control algorithm can significantly reduce overall energy production. The model can be used to select control algorithms and threshold parameters that maximize long-term energy production. An attempt has been made to generalize these results from local site and turbine characteristics to obtain general guidelines for control algorithm design.

McNerney, G.M.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Wind shear and buoyancy reversal at the stratocumulus top  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A numerical experiment is designed to study the interaction at the stratocumulus top between a mean vertical shear and the buoyancy reversal due to evaporative cooling, without radiative cooling. Direct numerical simulation is used to eliminate ...

Juan Pedro Mellado; Bjorn Stevens; Heiko Schmidt

36

Aircraft Low Altitude Wind Shear Detection and Warning System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is now considerable evidence to substantiate the causal relationship between low altitude wind shear (LAWS) and the recent increase in low-altitude aircraft accidents. The National Research Council has found that for the period 1964 to 1982,...

Peter C. Sinclair; Peter M. Kuhn

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Solar Radiative Transfer for Wind-Sheared Cumulus Cloud Fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Monte Carlo method of photon transport was used to simulate solar radiative transfer for cumulus-like cloud forms (and cloud fields) possessing structural characteristics similar to those induced by wind shear. Using regular infinite arrays ...

Howard W. Barker

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Vertical axis wind turbine with continuous blade angle adjustment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The author presents a concept for a vertical axis wind turbine that utilizes each blade's entire rotational cycle for power generation. Each blade has its own vertical axis of rotation and is constrained to rotate at the ...

Weiss, Samuel Bruce

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Mean Vertical Motions Seen by Radar Wind Profilers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radar wind profilers have been used to measure directly the vertical motion above the radar site. Mean values of vertical motions in the troposphere and lower stratosphere reported at sites in and near mountains are often several centimeters per ...

G. D. Nastrom; T. E. VanZandt

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Response of a Vertical Axis Wind Turbine to Time Varying Wind Conditions found within the Urban  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Response of a Vertical Axis Wind Turbine to Time Varying Wind Conditions found within the Urban, 2010 PP 389­401 389 ABSTRACT Experimental testing of a vertical axis wind turbine within the urban of the turbine. Temporal variation of the wind with respect to the direction and velocity fluctuations

Tullis, Stephen

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical wind shear" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Mixed-Layer Shear Generated by Wind Stress in the Central Equatorial Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sixteen months of wind and current profile observations in the central equatorial Pacific show the response of the upper-ocean shear to local wind forcing. The shear at the ocean surface is significantly correlated with the wind stress in ...

Fernando Santiago-Mandujano; Eric Firing

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Evaluation of Wind Shear Patterns at Midwest Wind Energy Facilities: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy-Electric Power Research Institute (DOE-EPRI) Wind Turbine Verification Program (TVP) has included several wind energy facilities in the Midwestern United States. At several of these projects, a strong diurnal shear pattern has been observed. During the day, low and sometimes negative shear has been measured. During night hours, very high positive shear is frequently observed. These high nighttime shear values are of concern due to the potential for high stresses across the rotor. The resulting loads on turbine components could result in failures. Conversely, the effects of high nighttime wind shear could benefit wind generated energy production in the Midwest by providing a source of greater hub-height wind speeds, particularly for multi-megawatt turbines that utilize tall towers. This paper presents an overview of the observed wind shear at each of the Midwest TVP projects, focusing on diurnal patterns and the frequency of very high nighttime shear at the sites. Turbine fault incidence is examined to determine the presence or absence of a correlation to periods of high shear. Implications of shear-related failures are discussed for other Midwest projects that use megawatt-scale turbines. In addition, this paper discusses the importance of accurate shear estimates for project development.

Smith, K.; Randall, G.; Malcolm, D.; Kelley, N.; Smith, B.

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Airfoil treatments for vertical axis wind turbines  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) has taken three airfoil related approaches to decreasing the cost of energy of vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT) systems; airfoil sections designed specifically for VAWTs, vortex generators (VGs), and ''pumped spoiling.'' SNL's blade element airfoil section design effort has led to three promising natural laminar flow (NLF) sections. One section is presently being run on the SNL 17-m turbine. Increases in peak efficiency and more desirable dynamic stall regulation characteristics have been observed. Vane-type VGs were fitted on one DOE/Alcoa 100 kW VAWT. With approximately 12% of span having VGs, annual energy production increased by 5%. Pumped spoiling utilizes the centrifugal pumping capabilities of hollow blades. With the addition of small perforations in the surface of the blades and valves controlled by windspeed at the ends of each blade, lift spoiling jets may be generated inducing premature stall and permitting lower capacity, lower cost drivetrain components. SNL has demonstrated this concept on its 5-m turbine and has wind tunnel tested perforation geometries on one NLF section.

Klimas, P.C.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Recognizing Low-Altitude Wind Shear Hazards from Doppler Weather Radar: An Artificial Intelligence Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes an artificial intelligence-based approach for automated recognition of wind shear hazards. The design of a prototype system for recognizing low-attitude wind shear events from Doppler radar displays is presented. This system, ...

Steven D. Campbell; Stephen H. Olson

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Vertical Shearing Instabilities in Radially Shearing Disks: The Dustiest Layers of the Protoplanetary Nebula  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gravitational instability of a vertically thin, dusty sheet near the midplane of a protoplanetary disk has long been proposed as a way of forming planetesimals. Before Roche densities can be achieved, however, the dust-rich layer, sandwiched from above and below by more slowly rotating dust-poor gas, threatens to overturn and mix by the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability (KHI). Whether such a threat is real has never been demonstrated: the Richardson criterion for the KHI is derived for 2-D Cartesian shear flow and does not account for rotational forces. Here we present 3-D numerical simulations of gas-dust mixtures in a shearing box, accounting for the full suite of disk-related forces: the Coriolis and centrifugal forces, and radial tidal gravity. Dust particles are assumed small enough to be perfectly entrained in gas; the two fluids share the same velocity field but obey separate continuity equations. We find that the Richardson number Ri does not alone determine stability. The critical value of Ri below which the dust layer overturns and mixes depends on the height-integrated metallicity Z (surface density ratio of dust to gas). Nevertheless, for Z between one and five times solar, the critical Ri is nearly constant at 0.1. Keplerian radial shear stabilizes those modes that would otherwise disrupt the layer at large Ri. If Z is at least 5 times greater than the solar value of 0.01, then midplane dust densities can approach Roche densities. Such an environment might be expected to produce gas giant planets having similarly super-solar metallicities.

E. Chiang

2007-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

46

Application of Short-Range Lidar in Wind Shear Alerting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Long-range lidar systems have been used operationally at the Hong Kong International Airport for wind shear alerting. They are used for monitoring the headwinds over the last 3 n mi of all of the runway corridors of the Hong Kong International ...

P. W. Chan; Y. F. Lee

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

A Vertical Wind Tunnel for Snow Process Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A vertical wind tunnel using an artificially generated supercooled cloud was constructed to study snowfall processes. It is 18 m high and operates to a temperature as low as ?25°C. Ultrasonic atomizers supply the supercooled water droplets, and ...

Tsuneya Takahashi; Chikara Inoue; Yoshinori Furukawa; Tatsuo Endoh; Renji Naruse

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

On the Vertical Structure of Wind-Driven Sea Currents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The vertical structure of wind-driven sea surface currents and the role of wind-wave breaking in its formation are investigated by means of both field experiments and modeling. Analysis of drifter measurements of surface currents in the uppermost ...

Vladimir Kudryavtsev; Victor Shrira; Vladimir Dulov; Vladimir Malinovsky

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Wind Shear Characteristics at Central Plains Tall Towers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The object of this study is to analyze wind shear characteristics at tall tower sites in the Central Plains of the United States. The hub heights of modern turbines used for wind farm projects are now 70 meters (m) to 100 m above ground and some advanced turbines under development for deployment during the second half of this decade are rated at 2-5 megawatts of energy generation with rotor diameters near 100 m and hub heights of 100-120 m. These advanced turbines will take advantage of the higher wind speeds aloft to generate more wind energy. Specific knowledge of important wind shear characteristics near and at turbine hub height is needed to optimize turbine design and wind farm layout. Unfortunately, wind speed shear measurements at heights of 80-120 m were virtually nonexistent a few years ago and are still quite uncommon today. The Central Plains is a prime wind energy development region and knowledge about the wind shear characteristics will reduce uncertainty about the resource and enhance wind farm design. Previous analyses of tall tower data (Schwartz and Elliott, 2005) concentrated on data from specific states. The wind energy community has recognized the need to fill the gap of direct wind speed measurements at levels 70 m and higher above the ground. Programs instituted during the last 5 years at the state level and supported by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) State Energy Program initiative have placed anemometers and vanes at several levels on existing tall (70 m+) communication towers. The Central Plains has a fairly high concentration of tall tower sites. The distribution of tall tower sites varies among the states in the Central Plains, because the tall tower program is new and the available state and federal funding to establish tall towers is variable. Our wind resource assessment group at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has obtained much of these necessary measurement data from both individual state sources and regional organizations. Most of the data are available to the public, though data from one tower in Colorado are proprietary. We have begun to analyze important wind climate parameters, including wind shear from the tall towers. A total of 13 tall towers were used for this study. Eleven of the towers had the highest anemometer level between 100 m and 113 m. Two towers had the highest measurement level between 70 m and 85 m above ground. The distribution of the towers among the states is: two sites in Texas and Oklahoma; six sites in Kansas; and one site each in Colorado, South Dakota, and North Dakota. Figure 1 shows the locations and names of the thirteen towers. The wind resource at these sites can be classified as ranging from good-to-excellent. Eight tall tower sites have Class 3 resource, four sites have Class 4 resource, and one has Class 5 resource at 50 m.

Schwartz, M.; Elliott, D.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Effects of wind shear and turbulence on wind turbine power curves  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

It is a common practice to use wind speeds at hub height in determining wind turbine power curves. Although the possible influence of other variables (sub as turbulence and wind shear) is generally neglected in power curve measurements, we discovered the importance of other variables in an analysis of power curves for three 2.5 MW wind turbines. When the power curves were stratified by turbulence intensity. Such a large sensitivity to turbulence was not expected, and further analyses were conducted to determine if other factors accompanying the change in turbulence level could cause or contribute to the observed sensitivity of the power curves to turbulence. In summary, the sensitivity of the observed power curves was largely due to two factors: (1) an actual sensitivity to turbulence in determining the power curve and (2) the deviation of the disk-averaged velocity from the hub-height velocity under low turbulence conditions that were most prevalent at the site. An examination of the wind shear profiles over the height of the rotor disk revealed that low turbulence conditions were characterized by strong shear in the lower half of the rotor disk and weak or negative shear in the upper half. Implications of this analysis are that significant errors in power curve measurements can result if the effects of wind shear and turbulence are ignored. 7 refs., 6 figs.

Elliott, D.L. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA)); Cadogan, J.B. (USDOE, Washington, DC (USA))

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Empirical Models of the Eddy Heat Flux and Vertical Shear on Short Time Scales  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relationship between the eddy heat flux and vertical shear in the extratropical atmosphere is studied by developing various linear stochastic models fitted to the observed January and July Northern Hemispheric data. Models are univariate or ...

Steven J. Ghan

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Low-Frequency Equatorial Waves in Vertically Sheared Zonal Flow. Part I: Stable Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mechanism by which a vertically sheared zonal flow affects large-scale, low-frequency equatorial waves is investigated with two-level equatorial,?-plane and spherical coordinates models.

Bin Wang; Xiaosu Xie

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

IntroductionIntroduction The use of small scale vertical axis wind turbinesThe use of small scale vertical axis wind turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IntroductionIntroduction The use of small scale vertical axis wind turbinesThe use of small scale vertical axis wind turbines (VAWT) is being studied at McMaster University using(VAWT) is being studied

Tullis, Stephen

54

Simulation of winds as seen by a rotating vertical axis wind turbine blade  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this report is to provide turbulent wind analyses relevant to the design and testing of Vertical Axis Wind Turbines (VAWT). A technique was developed for utilizing high-speed turbulence wind data from a line of seven anemometers at a single level to simulate the wind seen by a rotating VAWT blade. Twelve data cases, representing a range of wind speeds and stability classes, were selected from the large volume of data available from the Clayton, New Mexico, Vertical Plane Array (VPA) project. Simulations were run of the rotationally sampled wind speed relative to the earth, as well as the tangential and radial wind speeds, which are relative to the rotating wind turbine blade. Spectral analysis is used to compare and assess wind simulations from the different wind regimes, as well as from alternate wind measurement techniques. The variance in the wind speed at frequencies at or above the blade rotation rate is computed for all cases, and is used to quantitatively compare the VAWT simulations with Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine (HAWT) simulations. Qualitative comparisons are also made with direct wind measurements from a VAWT blade.

George, R.L.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

On the Initial Development of Asymmetric Vertical Motion and Horizontal Relative Flow in a Mature Tropical Cyclone Embedded in Environmental Vertical Shear  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we focus on the initial development of asymmetric vertical motion and horizontal relative flow in a mature tropical cyclone (TC) embedded in an environmental vertical shear. The fully compressible, non-hydrostatic TC model was used ...

Yamei Xu; Yuqing Wang

56

Analytical Modeling of Wood Frame Shear Walls Subjected to Vertical Load  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A nonlinear automated parameter fitted analytical model that numerically predicts the load-displacement response of wood frame shear walls subjected to static monotonic loading with and without vertical load is presented. This analytical model referred to as Analytical Model of wood frame SHEar walls subjected to Vertical load (AMSHEV) is based on the kinematic behavior of wood frame shear walls and captures significant characteristics observed from experimental testing through appropriate modeling of three failure mechanisms that can occur within a shear wall under static monotonic load: 1) failure of sheathing-to-framing connectors, 2) failure of vertical studs, and 3) uplift of end studs from bottom sill. Previous models have not accounted for these failure mechanisms as well as the inclusion of vertical load, which has shown to reveal beneficial effects such as increasing the ultimate load capacity and limiting uplift of the wall as noted in experimental tests. Results from the proposed numerical model capture these effects within 7% error of experimental test data even when different magnitudes of vertical load are applied to predict the ultimate load capacity of wood frame shear walls.

Nguyendinh, Hai

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Vertical Mixing and Transports through a Stratified Shear Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A stratified shear layer was generated in the laboratory by driving a turbulent mixed layer of depth D over a quiescent, deep dense layer. As a result, a density interface of thickness ?b across which the buoyancy jump is ?b was formed between ...

E. J. Strang; H. J. S. Fernando

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

WIND-TUNNEL STUDY ON AERODYNAMIC PERFORMANCE OF SMALL VERTICAL-AXIS WIND TURBINES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a building was explored [2]. Referred to such applications, a VAWT can be so small in physical size that its by the present authors to study the aerodynamic performance of small VAWTs using the experimental and numerical1 WIND-TUNNEL STUDY ON AERODYNAMIC PERFORMANCE OF SMALL VERTICAL-AXIS WIND TURBINES J. J. Miau*1

Leu, Tzong-Shyng "Jeremy"

59

Wind Shear and Resources at Elevated Heights: Indiana and Iowa Case Studies (Poster)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This poster discusses the results of an analysis of wind shear and resource characteristics data collected by tall towers in Indiana and Iowa.

Elliott, D.; Schwartz, M.; Scott, G.

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Wind Shear and Turbulence Profiles at Elevated Heights: Great Lakes and Midwest Sites (Poster)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Analyzed wind resource characteristics at elevated heights (50 m-200+m) incuding shear and turbulence profiles for some areas of the Great Lakes and M idwest sites.

Elliott, D.; Schwartz, M.; Scott, G.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical wind shear" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Modelling the Vertical Wind Speed and Turbulence Intensity Profiles at Prospective Offshore Wind Farm Sites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Monin-Obukhov theory predicts the well-known log-linear form of the vertical wind speed profile. A turbulence intensity profile can be estimated from this by assuming that the standard deviation of the wind speed is proportional to the friction velocity. Two parameters, namely the aerodynamic surface roughness length and the MoninObukhov length, are than needed to predict the vertical wind speed and turbulence intensity profiles from a measurement at one height. Different models to estimate these parameters for conditions important for offshore wind energy utilisation are compared and tested: Four models for the surface roughness and three methods to derive the Monin-Obukov-length from measurements. They have been tested with data from the offshore field measurement Rdsand by extrapolating the measured 10 m wind speed to 50 m height and comparing it with the measured 50 m wind speed.

Bernhard Lange; Søren Larsen; Jørgen Højstrup; Rebecca Barthelmie; Ulrich Focken

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Vertical Wind Variability Observed by VHF Radar in the Lee of the Colorado Rockies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During March 1981 the Sunset and Platteville VHF clear-air radars located in Colorado to the east of the continental divide observed vertical winds continuously over a three-week period. The vertical winds at these locations contain fluctuations ...

W. L. Ecklund; K. S. Gage; B. B. Balsley; R. G. Strauch; J. L. Green

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Blade Offset and Pitch Effects on a High Solidity Vertical Axis Wind Turbine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT A high solidity, small scale, 2.5m diameter by 3m high Vertical Axis Wind Turbine (VAWT, performance 1. INTRODUCTION Small scale vertical axis wind turbines (VAWTs) show potential for urban rooftop turbines. Keywords: Vertical Axis Wind Turbine, VAWT, airfoil, pitch, blade, mount, offset, high solidity

Tullis, Stephen

64

Torque ripple in a Darrieus, vertical axis wind turbine  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Interaction between a steady wind and a rotating, Darrieus, vertical axis wind turbine produces time periodic aerodynamic loads which cause time dependent torque variations, referred to as torque ripple, to occur in the mechanical link between the turbine and the electrical generator. There is concern for the effect of torque ripple upon fatigue life of drive train components and upon power quality. An analytical solution characterizing the phenomenon of torque ripple has been obtained which is based upon a Fourier expansion of the time dependent features of the problem. Numerical results for torque ripple, some experimental data, determination of acceptable levels and methods of controlling it, are presented and discussed.

Reuter, R.C. Jr.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Performance Testing of a Small Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine , S. Tullis2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Performance Testing of a Small Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine R. Bravo1 , S. Tullis2 , S. Ziada3 of electric production [1]. Although most performance testing for small-scale wind turbines is conducted vertical-axis wind turbines (VAWT) in urban settings, full-scale wind tunnel testing of a prototype 3.5 k

Tullis, Stephen

66

Vertical-axis wind turbines -- The current status of an old technology  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Vertical-axis wind turbine technology is not well understood, even though the earliest wind machines rotated about a vertical axis. The operating environment of a vertical-axis wind turbine is quite complex, but detailed analysis capabilities have been developed and verified over the last 30 years. Although vertical-axis technology has not been widely commercialized, it exhibits both advantages and disadvantages compared to horizontal-axis technology, and in some applications, it appears to offer significant advantages.

Berg, D.E.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

67

An Algorithm for Retrieving Vertical Wind Profiles from Satellite-Observed Winds over the Indian Ocean Using Complex EOF Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With an aim to exploit current satellite observations for determining vertical wind profiles, the authors have carried out a complex empirical orthogonal function (CEOF) analysis of a large number of radiosonde observations of wind fields over ...

C. M. Kishtawal; Sujit Basu; F. C. Pandey

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Effects of Small-Scale Vertical Motion on Radar Measurements of Wind and Temperature Profiles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertical velocities were observed during the month of June 1990 with two side-by-side wind profilers at Platteville, Colorado. Many of the observations reveal strong wave motion, probably mountain lee waves, that sometimes caused vertical ...

B. L. Weber; D. B. Wuertz; D. C. Law; A. S. Frisch; J. M. Brown

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

The Vertical Resolution of the Kennedy Space Center 50-MHz Wind Profiler  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effective vertical resolution of the Kennedy Space Center 50-MHz Doppler radar wind profiler is determined using vertical wavenumber spectra and temporal coherence. The resolution ranges from being Nyquist limited at 300 m to as coarse as 900 ...

Francis J. Merceret

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Wind Profiler Observations of Vertical Motion and Precipitation Microphysics of a Tropical Squall Line  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data from a wind profiler located at Darwin, Australia, have been used to examine the vertical motions and precipitation microphysics in a well-developed squall line. Both a mature and developing convective cell are well sampled. The vertical ...

Peter T. May; Deepak K. Rajopadhyaya

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Use of a Vertical Vorticity Equation in Variational Dual-Doppler Wind Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The utility of the anelastic vertical vorticity equation in a weak-constraint (least squares error) variational dual-Doppler wind analysis procedure is explored. The analysis winds are obtained by minimizing a cost function accounting for the ...

Alan Shapiro; Corey K. Potvin; Jidong Gao

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Spaced-Antenna Interferometry to Measure Crossbeam Wind, Shear, and Turbulence: Theory and Formulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The theory of measuring crossbeam wind, shear, and turbulence within the radar’s resolution volume V6 is described. Spaced-antenna weather radar interferometry is formulated for such measurements using phased-array weather radar. The formulation ...

Guifu Zhang; Richard J. Doviak

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

A Phenomenological Model for Wind Speed and Shear Stress Profiles in Vegetation Cover Layers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A phenomenological model for the mean wind speed and Reynolds shear stress profiles with height in a vegetation cover layer is derived from forms suggested by truncation of the equations of turbulent fluid motion at second order in fluctuating ...

F. A. Albini

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Forecasting Tornadic Thunderstorm Potential in Alberta Using Environmental Sounding Data. Part I: Wind Shear and Buoyancy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates, for Alberta, Canada, whether observed sounding parameters such as wind shear and buoyant energy can be used to help distinguish between thunderstorms with significant (F2–F5) tornadoes, thunderstorms with weak (F0–F1) ...

Max L. Dupilka; Gerhard W. Reuter

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Effects of Tropospheric Wind Shear on the Spectrum of Convectively Generated Gravity Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors examine the effects of tropospheric wind shear on the phase speed spectrum of gravity waves generated by tropical convection. A two-dimensional cloud-resolving model is used to perform numerous squall line simulations with the ...

Jadwiga H. Beres; M. Joan Alexander; James R. Holton

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Development of a Nationwide, Low-Level Wind Shear Mosaic in France  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An algorithm for the detection of horizontal wind shear at low levels was developed. The algorithm makes use of data collected by all radars from the Application Radar à la Météorologie Infra-Synoptique (ARAMIS) operational network, in order to ...

Clotilde Augros; Pierre Tabary; Adrien Anquez; Jean-Marc Moisselin; Pascal Brovelli; Olivier Bousquet

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Applications of an Infrared Doppler Lidar in Detection of Wind Shear  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In December 2005, operational wind shear alerting at the Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA) reached an important milestone with the launch of the automatic Lidar (light detection and ranging) Windshear Alerting System (LIWAS). This signifies ...

C. M. Shun; P. W. Chan

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Mesh Requirement Investigation for 2D and 3D Aerodynamic Simulation of Vertical Axis Wind Turbines.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The accuracy of a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model to capture the complex flow around a small vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT) on 2D and… (more)

Naghib Zadeh, Saman

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Power in the Vertical: Using Wind Profiler Data to Study Precipitation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in the Vertical: Using Wind Profiler Data to Study Precipitation For original submission and image(s), see ARM Research Highlights http:www.arm.govsciencehighlights Research...

80

Innovative wind turbines. Circulation controlled vertical axis wind turbine. Progress report, March 1-December 31, 1976  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Theoretical and experimental research efforts in evaluating an innovative concept for vertical axis wind turbines (VAWT) are described. The concept is that of using straight blades composed of circulation controlled airfoil sections. The theoretical analysis has been developed to determine the unsteady lift and moment characteristics of multiple-blade cross-flow wind turbines. To determine the drag data needed as input to the theoretical analysis, an outdoor test model VAWT has been constructed; design details, instrumentation, and calibration results are reported. Initial testing is with fixed pitch blades having cross-sections of conventional symmetrical airfoils. Costs of building the test model are included, as well as estimates for blades constructed with composite materials. These costs are compared with those of other types of wind turbines.

Walters, R. E.; Fanucci, J. B.; Hill, P. W.; Migliore, P. G.; Squire, W.; Waltz, T. L.

1978-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical wind shear" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

THIRD MOMENTS AND THE ROLE OF ANISOTROPY FROM VELOCITY SHEAR IN THE SOLAR WIND  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have extended the recent analyses of magnetohydrodynamic third moments as they relate to the turbulent energy cascade in the solar wind to consider the effects of large-scale shear flows. Moments from a large set of Advanced Composition Explorer data have been taken, and chosen data intervals are characterized by the rate of change in the solar wind speed. Mean dissipation rates are obtained in accordance with the predictions of homogeneous shear-driven turbulence. Agreement with predictions is best made for rarefaction intervals where the solar wind speed is decreasing with time. For decreasing speed intervals, we find that the dissipation rates increase with increasing shear magnitude and that the shear-induced fluctuation anisotropy is consistent with a relatively small amount.

Stawarz, Joshua E.; Vasquez, Bernard J.; Smith, Charles W. [Physics Department, Space Science Center, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824 (United States); Forman, Miriam A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY 11794-3800 (United States); Klewicki, Joseph, E-mail: jek32@cisunix.unh.edu, E-mail: Bernie.Vasquez@unh.edu, E-mail: Charles.Smith@unh.edu, E-mail: Miriam.Forman@sunysb.edu, E-mail: Joe.Klewicki@unh.edu [Mechanical Engineering Department, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824 (United States)

2011-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

82

Observed Hurricane Wind Speed Asymmetries and Relationships to Motion and Environmental Shear  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wavenumber-1 wind speed asymmetries in 35 hurricanes are quantified in terms of amplitude and phase, based on aircraft observations from 128 individual flights between 1998 and 2011. The impacts of motion and 850-200 mb environmental vertical ...

Eric W. Uhlhorn; Bradley W. Klotz; Tomislava Vukicevic; Paul D. Reasor; Robert F. Rogers

83

A Note on the Effect of Wind Waves on Vertical Mixing in Franks Tract, Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta, California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wang W, Huang RX. 2004. Wind energy input to the surfacecoefficient variability under wind waves in a tidal estuary.2008. A Note on the Effect of Wind Waves on Vertical Mixing

Jones, Nicole L; Thompson, Janet K; Monismith, Stephen G

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Cloud-Environment Interface Instability. Part III: Direct Influence of Environmental Shear  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The direct effect of vertical shear of the horizontal wind for the unperturbed environment on the cloud-environment interface instability is investigated. Results indicate that the direct influence of environmental shear typical of atmospheric ...

Wojciech W. Grabowski; Terry L. Clark

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Vertical Mixing and the Temperature and Wind Structure of the Tropical Tropopause Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We show that vertical mixing can lead to significant momentum and heat fluxes in the tropical tropopause layer (TTL) and that these momentum and heat fluxes can force large climatological temperature and zonal wind changes in the TTL. We present ...

Thomas J. Flannaghan; Stephan Fueglistaler

86

Order-of-magnitude enhancement of wind farm power density via counter-rotating vertical-axis wind turbine arrays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modern wind farms require significant land resources to separate each wind turbine from the adjacent turbine wakes. These aerodynamic constraints limit the amount of power that can be extracted from a given wind farm footprint. We conducted full-scale field tests of vertical-axis wind turbines in counter-rotating configurations under natural wind conditions. Whereas wind farms consisting of propeller-style turbines produce 2 to 3 watts of power per square meter of land area, these field tests indicate that power densities approaching 100 W m^-2 can be achieved by arranging vertical-axis wind turbines in layouts that enable them to extract energy from adjacent wakes. In addition, we calculated that the global wind resource available to 10-m tall turbines based on the present approach is approximately 225 trillion watts (TW), which significantly exceeds the global wind resource available to 80-m tall, propeller-style wind turbines, approximately 75 TW. This improvement is due to the closer spacing that can be a...

Dabiri, John O

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Shear at the Base of the Oceanic Mixed Layer Generated by Wind Shear Alignment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations are used to evaluate a simple theoretical model for the generation of near-inertial shear spikes at the base of the open ocean mixed layer when the upper ocean displays a two-layer structure. The model predicts that large changes in ...

Liam Brannigan; Yueng-Djern Lenn; Tom P. Rippeth; Elaine McDonagh; Teresa K. Chereskin; Janet Sprintall

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Blade shape for a tropskien type of vertical-axis wind turbine  

SciTech Connect

The equations derived to define a troposkien (the shape a completely flexible cable assumes when it is spun at a constant angular velocity about a vertical axis to which its two ends are attached) are described. The implications of the solutions on the design of a vertical-axis wind turbine are discussed for cases where gravity is neglected.

Blackwell, B.F.; Reis, G.E.

1977-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

A Simple Technique for Simultaneous Suspension of Multiple Drops in a Small Vertical Wind Tunnel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple technique is described by which multiple millimeter-size water drops can be simultaneously suspended in an air stream above the test section of a 12 × 12 cm cross section of a vertical wind tunnel. Horizontal profiles of the vertical air ...

A. K. Kamra; D. V. Ahire

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Vertical axis wind turbine development. Executive summary. Final report, March 1, 1976-June 30, 1977  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Information is presented concerning the numerical solution of the aerodynamics of cross-flow wind turbines; boundary layer considerations for a vertical axis wind turbine; WVU VAWT outdoor test model; low solidity blade tests; high solidity blade design; cost analysis of the WVU VAWT test model; structural parametric analysis of VAWT blades; and cost study of current WECS.

Walters, R. E.; Fanucci, J. B.; Hill, P. W.; Migliore, P. G.

1979-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

GPS Dropwindsonde and WSR-88D Observations of Tropical Cyclone Vertical Wind Profiles and Their Characteristics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The characteristics of tropical cyclone vertical wind profiles and their associated wind speed peaks below 1.5 km were examined through the use of a large number of GPS dropwindsondes (GPS sondes) and radar-derived velocity–azimuth display (VAD) ...

Ian M. Giammanco; John L. Schroeder; Mark D. Powell

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Retrieving Horizontal Temperature Gradients and Advections from Single-Station Wind Profiler Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertical wind shears measured by the Plattevilie, Colorado wind profiler were used in conjunction with the geostrophic thermal wind equation to retrieve the horizontal thermal gradients and associated advections for a case involving an upper-...

Paul J. Neiman; M. A. Shapiro

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

UNSTEADY SIMULATION OF FLOW IN MICRO VERTICAL AXIS WIND TURBINE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Though wind turbines and windmills have been used for centuries, the application of aerodynamics technology to improve reliability and reduce costs of wind-generated energy has only been pursued in earnest for the past 40 years. Today, wind energy is mainly used to generate electricity. Wind is a renewable energy source. Power production from wind turbines is affected by certain conditions: wind speed, turbine speed, turbulence and the changes of wind direction. These conditions are not always optimal and have negative effects on most turbines. The present turbine is supposed to be less affected by these conditions because the blades combine a rotating movement around each own axis and around the nacelle’s one. Due to this combination of movements, flow around this turbine can be more highly unsteady, because of great blade stagger angles. The turbine has a rotor with three straight blades of symmetrical airfoil. Paper presents unsteady simulations that have been performed for one wind velocity, and different initial blades stagger angles. The influence of interaction of blades is studied for one specific constant rotational speed among the four rotational speeds that have been studied.

A. C. Bayeul-lainé; G. Bois

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

On the Vertical Extrapolation of Mean Wind Power Density  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple method of estimating the height variation of the mean wind power density is presented which accounts for the variation of the exponent p of the wind speed power law, with stability and roughness. Measurements are used to compare the new ...

Leon Sedefian

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Inertia–Gravity Wave and Neutral Eady Wave Trains Forced by Directionally Sheared Flow over Isolated Hills  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analytical solutions are obtained to the linearized equations describing a particular class of directionally sheared flow over isolated hills or ridges. The flows are characterized by constant buoyancy frequency and vertical wind shear, though ...

Glenn Shutts

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Evaluation Of Models For The Vertical Extrapolation Of Wind Speed Measurements At Offshore Sites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Monin-Obukhov theory predicts the well-known log-linear form of the vertical wind speed profile. Two parameters, namely the aerodynamic surface roughness length and the Monin-Obukhov-length, are needed to predict the vertical wind speed profile from a measurement at one height. Different models to estimate these parameters for conditions important for offshore wind energy utilisation are discussed and tested: Four models for the surface roughness and three methods to derive the Monin-Obukov-length from measurements are compared. They have been tested with data from the offshore field measurement Rdsand by extrapolating the measured 10 m wind speed to 50 m height and comparing it with the measured 50 m wind speed. The mean

Bernhard Lange; Jørgen Højstrup; Søren Larsen; Rebecca Barthelmie

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Modelling the aerodynamics of vertical-axis wind turbines.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The current generation of wind turbines that are being deployed around the world features, almost exclusively, a three-bladed rotor with a horizontal-axis configuration. In recent… (more)

Scheurich, Frank

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

The Extrapolation of Vertical Profiles of Wind Speed within the Marine Atmospheric Surface layer Using the p Formula  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Values of p for the exponent-type wind profile formulation, used in vertical extrapolations of wind speed, were derived for the marine atmospheric surface layer. Nomograms were constructed providing p values as dependent on a single elevation ...

M. Segal; R. A. Pielke

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Rapidly Intensifying Hurricane Guillermo (1997). Part II: Resilience in Shear  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines the structure and evolution of a mature tropical cyclone in vertical wind shear (VWS) using airborne Doppler radar observations of Hurricane Guillermo (1997). In Part I, the modulation of eyewall convection via the rotation of ...

Paul D. Reasor; Matthew D. Eastin

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Effects of blade configurations on flow distribution and power output of a Zephyr vertical axis wind turbine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical simulations with FLUENT software were conducted to investigate the fluid flow through a novel vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT). Simulation of flow through the turbine rotor was performed with the aim of predicting the performance characteristics ... Keywords: blade configuration, power output, rotor, simulation, vertical axis wind turbine

J. O. Ajedegba; G. F. Naterer; M. A. Rosen; E. Tsang

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical wind shear" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

The Coherence Time of Midtropospheric Wind Features as a Function of Vertical Scale from 300 m to 2 km  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The coherence between vertical wind profiles separated by a time lag is measured as a function of vertical scale from Doppler radar wind profiler data. Each profile covers altitudes from 6811 m to 16?261 m and is Fourier transformed over a ...

Francis J. Merceret

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Microburst Wind Structure and Evaluation of Doppler Radar for Airport Wind Shear Detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Doppler weather radar data from the Joint Airport Weather Studies (JAWS) Project are used to determine the horizontal and vertical structure of airflow within microbursts. Typically, the associated downdraft is about 1 km wide and begins to ...

James W. Wilson; Rita D. Roberts; Cathy Kessinger; John McCarthy

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Sandia Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine Program. Technical quarterly report, July--September 1976. [USA  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This quarterly report describes the activities of the Sandia Laboratories' Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine (VAWT) project during the period July to September 1976, transitional quarter of fiscal year 1976. Included are the highlights of the quarter; review of the status of general design efforts in the areas of aerodynamics, structures, and testing.

Grover, R.D.; Veneruso, A.F. (eds.)

1977-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Test plan for the 34 meter vertical axis wind turbine test bed located at Bushland, Texas  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A plan is presented for the testing and evaluation of a new 500 kw vertical axis wind turbine test bed. The plan starts with the initial measurements made during construction, proceeds through evaluation of the design, the development of control methods, and finally to the test bed phase where new concepts are evaluated and in-depth studies are performed.

Stephenson, W.A.

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Precipitation Identification from Radar Wind Profiler Spectral Moment Data: Vertical Velocity Histograms, Velocity Variance, and Signal Power–Vertical Velocity Correlations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Correlations between range-corrected signal power Src and radial vertical velocity Vr, from the vertical beam of a UHF wind profiler can be used to distinguish between air- and precipitation-dominated echoes using an Src–Vr correlation diagram. ...

F. Martin Ralph; Paul J. Neiman; Dominique Ruffieux

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Stable Schemes for Nonlinear Vertical Diffusion in Atmospheric Circulation Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The intensity of vertical mixing in atmospheric models generally depends on wind shear and static stability, making the diffusion process nonlinear. Traditional implicit numerical schemes, which treat the variables to be diffused implicitly but ...

Claude Girard; Yves Delage

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

The Influence of Unsteady Wind on the Performance and Aerodynamics of Vertical Axis Wind Turbines.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Interest in small–scale wind turbines as energy sources in the built environment has increased due to the desire of consumers in urban areas to reduce… (more)

Danao, Louis Angelo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Proceedings of the vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT) design technology seminar for industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of the Vertical Axis Wind Turbine (VAWT) Program at Sandia National Laboratories is to develop technology that results in economical, industry-produced, and commercially marketable wind energy systems. The purpose of the VAWT Design Technology Seminar or Industry was to provide for the exchange of the current state-of-the-art and predictions for future VAWT technology. Emphasis was placed on technology transfer on Sandia's technical developments and on defining the available analytic and design tools. Separate abstracts are included for presented papers.

Johnston, S.F. Jr. (ed.)

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Quasigeostrophic Turbulence in a Three-Layer Model: Effects of Vertical Structure in the Mean Shear  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A three-layer, horizontally homogeneous, quasigeostrophic model is selected as one of the simplest environments in which to study the sensitivity of baroclinic eddy fluxes in the atmosphere to the vertical structure of the basic-state temperature ...

Isaac M. Held; Enda O'Brien

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

United States Air Force Academy (USAFA) Vertical Axis Wind Turbine. Final report May 77-Sep 80  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the design, fabrication, installation and testing of a small variable-speed vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT). This VAWT is unique in its installation using hand tools only; unconventional and simple support system; and variable speed operation under microprocessor control. Initial testing confirmed that the turbine can be controlled by commanded alternator field modulation. Further studies will be directed toward determination of an optimum control algorithm.

Kullgren, T.E.; Wiedemeier, D.W.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Fish schooling as a basis for vertical axis wind turbine farm design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most wind farms consist of horizontal axis wind turbines (HAWTs) due to the high power coefficient (mechanical power output divided by the power of the free-stream air through the turbine cross-sectional area) of an isolated turbine. However when in close proximity to neighbouring turbines, HAWTs suffer from a reduced power coefficient. In contrast, previous research on vertical axis wind turbines (VAWTs) suggests that closely-spaced VAWTs may experience only small decreases (or even increases) in an individual turbine's power coefficient when placed in close proximity to neighbours, thus yielding much higher power outputs for a given area of land. A potential flow model of inter-VAWT interactions is developed to investigate the effect of changes in VAWT spatial arrangement on the array performance coefficient, which compares the expected average power coefficient of turbines in an array to a spatially-isolated turbine. A geometric arrangement based on the configuration of shed vortices in the wake of schooli...

Whittlesey, Robert W; Dabiri, John O

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Vertical axis wind turbine development. Final report, March 1, 1976-June 30, 1977  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Theoretical and experimental research accomplished in evaluating an innovative concept for vertical axis wind turbines (VAWT) is described. The concept is that of using straight blades composed of circulation controlled airfoil sections. The theoretical analysis has been developed to determine the unsteady lift and moment characteristics of multiple-blade cross-flow wind turbines. To determine the drag data needed as input to the theoretical analysis, an outdoor test model VAWT has been constructed; design details, instrumentation, calibration results, and initial test results are reported. Initial testing was with fixed pitch blades having cross-sections of conventional symmetrical airfoils. Costs of building the test model are included, as well as cost estimates for blades constructed with composite materials. These costs are compared with those of other types of wind turbines.

Walters, R. E.; Fanucci, J. B.; Hill, P. W.; Migliore, P. G.

1979-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

The Determination of Surface-Layer Stability and Eddy Fluxes Using Wind Speed and Vertical Temperature Gradient Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analytical relations are developed that relate the Monin-Obukhov parameter to a modified bulk Richardson number expressed in terms of measured wind speed and vertical temperature difference. Measured Monin-Obukhov parameters and Richardson ...

I. T. Wang

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Proceedings of the Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine Technology Workshop, Albuquerque, New Mexico, May 18--20, 1976  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Separate abstracts are included for twenty-nine of the thirty papers presented concerning vertical axis wind turbines. One paper has previously been abstracted and included in the ERDA Energy Data Base and Energy Research Abstracts journal.

Not Available

1976-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Mountain Waves in the Tropical Pacific Atmosphere: A Comparison of Vertical Wind Fluctuations over Pohnpei and Christmas Island Using VHF Wind Profilers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We compare vertical wind fluctuations observed by VHF radar wind profilers in the tropical troposphere over a large, mountainous island (Pohnpei, at 7°N, 158°E) and a large, low-profile atoll (Christmas Island, at 2°N, 157°W). The major ...

Ben B. Balsley; David A. Carter

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Wind Shear Enhancement of Entrainment and Refractive Index Structure Parameter at the Top of a Turbulent Mixed Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model for inversion layer turbulence properties of a cloud-free entraining mixed-layer with wind shear at the top is developed. Using the approach of Wyngaard and LeMone (1980), expressions for the average values of ? and ?w2 in the entrainment ...

C. W. Fairall

1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Direct Measurements of Vertical-Velocity Power Spectra with the Sousy-VHF-Radar Wind Profiler System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present power spectra of vertical velocities measured with the SOUSY-VHF-Radax wind profiler.over a 5-day period in October and November 1981. Most of the data consist of hourly vertical velocity profiles based on 12-rain averages, but, for ...

M. F. Larsen; J. Rutger; D. N. Holden

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Development of a Digital Controller for a Vertical Wind Tunnel (VWT) Prototype to Mitigate Ball Fluctuations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this research was to mitigate fluctuations of a levitated ping pong ball within a vertical wind tunnel (VWT) prototype. This was made possible by remodeling the VWT system with its inherent nonlinear characteristics instead of assuming constant parameter relationships. By considering these nonlinearities a more accurate model was developed that better represented the actual system. The gain scheduling controller technique was chosen to control the ball’s vertical displacement within VWT prototype. After remodeling the VWT’s dynamics, the transfer function gain, for three different specified equilibrium points, were found to be within ±35% of the original system dynamics’ gain which explain why ball fluctuation was present. Also, three different controllers were developed to mitigate fluctuations at 0.10m, 0.15m and 0.20m. The three controllers were combined to create the gain scheduled controller; however, no testing has been done due to sudden, last minute hardware malfunction.

Silva, Ramon A.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Vertical axis wind turbine power regulation through centrifugally pumped lift spoiling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes an approach for lowering the rated windspeeds of Darrieus-type vertical axis wind turbines (VAWTs) whose blades are hollow aluminum extrusions. The blades, which when rotating act as centrifugal pumps, are fitted with a series of small perforations distributed along a portion of the blades' span. By valving the ends of the hollow blades, flow into the blade ends and out of the perforations may be controlled. This flow can induce premature aerodynamic stall on the blade elements, thereby reducing both the rated power of the turbine and its cost-of-energy. The concept has been proven on the Sandia National Laboratories 5-m diameter research VAWT and force balance and flow visualization wind tunnel tests have been conducted using a blade section designed for the VAWT application.

Klimas, P.C.; Sladky, J.F. Jr.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Numerical simulation to determine the effects of incident wind shear and turbulence level on the flow around a building  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of incident shear and turbulence on flow around a cubical building are being investigated by a turbulent kinetic energy/dissipation model (TEMPEST). The numerical simulations demonstrate significant effects due to the differences in the incident flow. The addition of upstream turbulence and shear results in a reduced size of the cavity directly behind the building. The accuracy of numerical simulations is verified by comparing the predicted mean flow fields with the available wind-tunnel measurements of Castro and Robins (1977). Comparing the authors' results with experimental data, the authors show that the TEMPEST model can reasonably simulate the mean flow.

Zhang, Y.Q.; Huber, A.H.; Arya, S.P.S.; Snyder, W.H.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical wind shear" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

© IC-EpsMsO NUMERICAL SIMULATION IN VERTICAL WIND AXIS TURBINE WITH PITCH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy, pitch controlled blades Abstract: Wind energy is more and more used as a renewable energy source character. The present wind turbine is a small one which allows to be used on roofs or in gardens to light small areas like publicity boards, parking, roads or for water pumping, heating... The present turbine has a vertical axis. Each turbine blade combines a rotating movement around its own axis and around the main rotor axis. Due to this combination of movements, flow around this turbine is highly unsteady and needs to be modeled by unsteady calculation. One of the main problems of such geometry is to simulate the two combined movements. The present work is an extended study of one’s made in 2009. In the previous study, some results like contours of pressure and velocity fields were presented for elliptic blades for one specific constant rotational speed and benefits of combined rotating blades was shown. The present paper points up the influence of two different blades geometries for different rotational speeds, different blade stagger angles and different Reynolds numbers related to a wider range of wind speeds. 1

Controlled Blades; Bayeul-lainé Annie-claude; Dockter Aurore; Bois Gérard; Simonet Sophie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Variations of Winds and Turbulence Seen by the 50-MHz Radar at White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mean vertical profiles of the winds from about 5 to 20 km at White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico, are described. The variability of wind speed, spectral width, volume reflectivity calibrated as CN2, and vertical wind shear are documented as ...

G. D. Nastrom; F. D. Eaton

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Rapid Intensification of a Sheared Tropical Storm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A weak tropical storm (Gabrielle in 2001) experienced a 22-hPa pressure fall in less than 3 h in the presence of 13 m s?1 ambient vertical wind shear. A convective cell developed downshear left of the center and moved cyclonically and inward to ...

John Molinari; David Vollaro

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Selective Excitation of Tropical Atmospheric Waves in Wave-CISK: The Effect of Vertical Wind Shear  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The growth of waves and the generation of potential energy in wave-CISK require unstable waves to tilt with height oppositely to their direction of propagation. This makes the structures and instability properties of these waves very sensitive to ...

Minghua Zhang; Marvin A. Geller

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

The Use of Vertical Wind Shear versus Helicity in Interpreting Supercell Dynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A series of idealized simulations of supercell storms are presented for environments representing straight through circular hodographs to clarify the character of the storm dynamics over the large spectrum of hodograph shapes commonly observed. ...

Morris L. Weisman; Richard Rotunno

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

The influence of environmental low-level shear and cold pools on tornadogenesis: Insights from idealized simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Idealized, dry simulations are used to investigate the roles of environmental vertical wind shear and baroclinic vorticity generation in the development of near-surface vortices in supercell-like “pseudostorms.” A cyclonically rotating updraft is ...

Paul M. Markowski; Yvette P. Richardson

127

Customized airfoils and their impact on VAWT (Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine) cost of energy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Sandia National Laboratories has developed a family of airfoils specifically designed for use in the equatorial portion of a Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine (VAWT) blade. An airfoil of that family has been incorporated into the rotor blades of the DOE/Sandia 34-m diameter VAWT Test Bed. The airfoil and rotor design process is reviewed. Comparisons with data recently acquired from flow visualization tests and from the DOE/Sandia 34-m diameter VAWT Test Bed illustrate the success that was achieved in the design. The economic optimization model used in the design is described and used to evaluate the effect of modifications to the current Test Bed blade. 1 tab., 11 figs., 13 refs.

Berg, D.E.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Average Vertical Motions in the Tropical Atmosphere Observed by a Radar Wind Profiler on Pohnpei (7°N Latitude, 157°E Longitude)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Average vertical profiles of the vertical wind obtained under clear sky conditions as weal as under conditions of both light-to-moderate and heavy rainfall am presented from data obtained using a radar wind profiler located on the island of ...

B. B. Balsley; W. L. Ecklund; D. A. Carter; A. C. Riddle; K. S. Gage

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

An Analytical Study of the Dependence of Orientation and Propagation of the Arabian Sea Convection Bands on Wind Shear, Static Stability, and Preexisting Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Organization of convection into bands over the Arabian Sea during a monsoon onset was studied analytically. Observed vertical profiles of temperature, moisture, and wind velocity were used as base states by a linear model of convection to deduce ...

John R. Roadcap; Gandikota V. Rao

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Solar-wind turbulence and shear: a superposed-epoch analysis of corotating interaction regions at 1 AU  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A superposed-epoch analysis of ACE and OMNI2 measurements is performed on 27 corotating interaction regions (CIRs) in 2003-2008, with the zero epoch taken to be the stream interface as determined by the maximum of the plasma vorticity. The structure of CIRs is investigated. When the flow measurements are rotated into the local-Parker-spiral coordinate system the shear is seen to be abrupt and intense, with vorticities on the order of 10{sup -5}-10{sup -4} sec{sup -1}. Converging flows perpendicular to the stream interface are seen in the local-Parker-spiral coordinate system and about half of the CIRs show a layer of divergent rebound flow away from the stream interface. Arguments indicate that any spreading of turbulence away from the region where it is produced is limited to about 10{sup 6} km, which is very small compared with the thickness of a CrR. Analysis of the turbulence across the CrRs is performed. When possible, the effects of discontinuities are removed from the data. Fluctuation amplitudes, the Alfvenicity, and the level of Alfvenic correlations all vary smoothly across the CrR. The Alfven ratio exhibits a decrease at the shear zone of the stream interface. Fourier analysis of 4.5-hr subintervals of ACE data is performed and the results are superposed averaged as an ensemble of realizations. The spectral slopes of the velocity, magnetic-field, and total-energy fluctuations vary smoothly across the CIR. The total-energy spectral slope is {approx} 3/2 in the slow and fast wind and in the CrRs. Analysis of the Elsasser inward-outward fluctuations shows a smooth transition across the CrR from an inward-outward balance in the slow wind to an outward dominance in the fast wind. A number of signatures of turbulence driving at the shear zone are sought (entropy change, turbulence amplitude, Alfvenicity, Alfven ratio, spectral slopes, in-out nature): none show evidence of driving of turbulence by shear.

Borovsky, Joseph E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Denton, Michael H [LANCASTER UNIV.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

A Wind Tunnel Investigation of the Effect of an External, Vertical Electric Field on the Shape of Electrically Uncharged Rain Drops  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results are presented of a recent wind tunnel experiment in which electrically unchanged water drops of 1000–3000 ?m equivalent radius were freely suspended in the vertical air stream of the UCLA Cloud Tunnel. During their suspension, the drops ...

R. Rasmussen; C. Walcek; H.R. Pruppacher; S.K. Mitra; J. Lew; V. Levizzani; P.K. Wang; U. Barth

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Mass Flux and Vertical Distribution of Currents Caused by Strong Winds in a Wave Tank  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The velocity fields of wind-driven currents under strong winds were measured in a wind-wave tank with a double bottom. The tank has the characteristics to satisfy partially the continuity of the mass flux and to reduce return-flow effects on the ...

Toshinori Ogasawara; Takashi Yasuda

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

On the Vertical Decay Rate of the Maximum Tangential Winds in Tropical Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, it is shown that the maximum tangential winds within tropical cyclones decrease with height at a percentage rate that is nearly independent of both the maximum wind speed and the radius of maximum winds (RMW). This can be seen by ...

Daniel P. Stern; David S. Nolan

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Tropical Cyclone Formation in a Sheared Environment: A Case Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of Hurricane Danny (1997) from depression to hurricane was examined using cloud-to-ground lightning data, reconnaissance aircraft data, and satellite imagery. Vertical wind shear between 850 and 200 hPa of 5–11 m s?1 produced ...

John Molinari; David Vollaro; Kristen L. Corbosiero

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Medium-solidity Vertical Axis Wind Turbines for use in Urban Environments S. Tullis, A. Fiedler, K. McLaren, S. Ziada  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vertical axis wind turbines are currently experiencing a renewed interest in small- scale applications in urban environments. However, vibration is a large issue with VAWTs due to their highly variable blade. A prototype of a commercially available 2.5 kW VAWT was wind tunnel tested to investigate its power

Tullis, Stephen

136

The Influence of Aerodynamic Stall on the Performance of Vertical Axis Wind Turbines.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??There is currently an increasing desire for local small-scale sustainable energy generation. This has lead to increased interest in the concept of the vertical axis… (more)

Edwards, Jonathan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Addendum to a proposal to NSF to sponsor a vertical-axis wind turbine research program  

SciTech Connect

Information is presented concerning the performance evaluation of a 15 foot-diameter test bed Darrieus rotor, Darrieus rotor wind tunnel tests, Savonius rotor wind tunnel tests, blade manufacturing techniques for 15 foot-diameter and 35 foot-diameter wind turbines, static and dynamic structural analysis, production prototype design of a 15 foot-diameter turbine, production prototype design of 35 foot-diameter turbine, and aerodynamic performance studies.

Blackwell, B.F.; Feltz, L.V.; Rightley, E.C.

1974-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

The Wind Speed Profile At Offshore Wind Farm Sites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using Monin-Obukhov theory the vertical wind speed profile can be predicted from the wind speed at one height, when the two parameters Monin-Obukhov length and sea surface roughness are known. The applicability of this theory for wind power prediction at offshore sites is investigated using data from the measurement program Rdsand in the Danish Baltic Sea. Different methods to estimate the two parameters are discussed and compared. Significant deviations to the theory are found for near-neutral and stable conditions, where the measured wind shear is larger than predicted. A simple correction method to account for this effect has been developed and tested.

Bernhard Lange Sren; Bernhard Lange; Søren E. Larsen; Jørgen Højstrup; Rebecca Barthelmie

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

The Effect of Wind Shear and Curvature on the Gravity Wave Drag Produced by a Ridge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The analytical model proposed by Teixeira, Miranda, and Valente is modified to calculate the gravity wave drag exerted by a stratified flow over a 2D mountain ridge. The drag is found to be more strongly affected by the vertical variation of the ...

Miguel A. C. Teixeira; Pedro M. A. Miranda

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Design and construction of vertical axis wind turbines using dual-layer vacuum-forming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How does one visualize wind? Is it the way trees bend in a strong gust or the way smoke is carried in a breeze? What if wind could be visualized using design, technology, and light? This thesis documents the design of a ...

Carper, Christopher T

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical wind shear" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

The vertical structure of Jupiter's equatorial zonal wind above the cloud deck, derived using mesoscale gravity waves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Data from the Galileo Probe, collected during its descent into Jupiter's atmosphere, is used to obtain a vertical profile of the zonal wind from $\\mathbf{\\sim 0.5}$ bar (upper troposphere) to $\\mathbf{\\sim 0.1\\, \\mu{bar}}$ (lower thermosphere) at the probe entry site. This is accomplished by constructing a map of gravity wave Lomb-Scargle periodograms as a function of altitude. The profile obtained from the map indicates that the wind speed above the visible cloud deck increases with height to $\\mathbf{\\sim 150}$ m\\,s$\\mathbf{^{-1}}$ and then levels off at this value over a broad altitude range. The location of the turbopause, as a region of wide wave spectrum, is also identified from the map. In addition, a cross-equatorial oscillation of a jet, which has previously been linked to the quasi-quadrennial oscillation in the stratosphere, is suggested by the profile.

Watkins, C

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Horizontal Divergence and Vertical Velocity Retrievals from Doppler Radar and Wind Profiler Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertical motion profiles can be diagnosed with the mass continuity equation using horizontal divergence fields derived from various single-Doppler radar techniques such as EVAD (extended velocity-azimuth display), CEVAD (concurrent extended ...

Robert Cifelli; Steven A. Rutledge; Dennis J. Boccippio; Thomas Matejka

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

A Summary of Convective Core Vertical Velocity Properties Using ARM UHF Wind Profilers in Oklahoma  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study presents a summary of deep convective updraft and downdraft core properties over the central plains of the United States, accomplished using a novel and now-standard ARM scanning mode for a commercial wind profiler system. A unique ...

Scott E. Giangrande; Scott Collis; Jerry Straka; Alain Protat; Christopher Williams; Steven Krueger

144

Approach to the fatigue analysis of vertical-axis wind-turbine blades  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A cursory analysis of the stress history of wind turbine blades indicates that a single stress level at each wind speed does not adequately describe the blade stress history. A statistical description is required. Blade stress data collected from the DOE/ALCOA Low Cost experimental turbines indicate that the Rayleigh probability density function adequately describes the distribution of vibratory stresses at each wind speed. The Rayleigh probability density function allows the distribution of vibratory stresses to be described by the RMS of the stress vs. time signal. With the RMS stress level described for all wind speeds, the complete stress history of the turbine blades is known. Miner's linear cumulative damage rule is used as a basis for summing the fatigue damage over all operating conditions. An analytical expression is derived to predict blade fatigue life.

Veers, P.S.

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Method for Estimation of Surface Roughness and Similarity Function of Wind Speed Vertical Profile  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study is aimed at identifying and refining a method suitable to estimate the surface roughness length (z0) and the universal similarity function of the wind speed profile (?M) based on ultrasonic anemometer measurements carried out at only ...

Roberto Sozzi; Maurizio Favaron; Teodoro Georgiadis

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Statistical Analysis of Sodium Doppler Wind–Temperature Lidar Measurements of Vertical Heat Flux  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A statistical study is presented of the errors in sodium Doppler lidar measurements of wind and temperature in the mesosphere that arise from the statistics of the photon-counting process that is inherent in the technique. The authors use data ...

Liguo Su; Richard L. Collins; David A. Krueger; Chiao-Yao She

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Vertical Reynolds Stress Divergence in the Upper Ocean Associated with Linear Wind-Driven, Near-Inertial Waves of Finite Wavelength  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Study of a schematic linear, wind-driven, inertio–gravity wave model in the upper ocean finds resonant, near-inertial waves of finite horizontal wavelength to have both horizontal and vertical motions. The mean product of these horizontal motions ...

Warren B. White

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Numerical simulation of acoustic and internal gravity waves caused by inhomogeneity of wind field of the earth atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dynamics of linear two and three-dimensional acoustic and internal gravity waves in nondissipative, isothermal stratified atmosphere in conditions of presence of a zonal wind by horizontal - vertical shear is investigated. There is shown, that the shear ... Keywords: acoustic and internal gravity waves, numerical simulation

Amiran Chitaladze

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

58 of latitude, and the thermal wind equation implies a vertical shear of at least 30 m s21  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Sigma Pi Sigma Quadrennial Congress at Fermi National Accelerator Lab in Batavia, Illinois in early

Karrai, Khaled

150

High Horizontal and Vertical Resolution Limited-Area Model: Near-Surface and Wind Energy Forecast Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As harvesting of wind energy grows, so does the need for improved forecasts from the surface to the top of wind turbines. To improve mesoscale forecasts of wind, temperature, and dewpoint temperature in this layer, two different approaches are ...

Natacha B. Bernier; Stéphane Bélair

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

ERRATUM Energy exchange in an array of vertical-axis wind turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The calculation of the planform kinetic energy flux in this paper contains an error. The equation stated in the manuscript, Pvert ???Aplanu , is correct. However, a typographical error in the data processing code had the effect of calculating the planform kinetic energy flux using u 2 instead of u. This error caused a quantitative change in the planform kinetic energy flux as can be seen in the revised version of Figure 7. Figure 7. Contours of the power transport due to the planform kinetic energy flux along the centre of the turbine array. The three turbine pairs are indicated as vertical bars. Upon correction, the planform kinetic energy flux is lower than originally stated. In the region in front of the turbine array, it is 2.2 W/m 2 instead of 17 W/m 2. The average planform kinetic energy flux into the turbine array from 2 D downwind of the second turbine pair to 7.5 D downwind of the third sensor pair is 3.4 W/m 2 for the highest sensor position and 0.03 W/m 2 for the lowest sensor position; values of 22 W/m 2 and 0.4 W/m 2, respectively, were stated in the paper. The correction leads to a planform kinetic energy flux of 316 W per turbine pair which is approximately one-third of the power that is extracted by the turbine pair. Furthermore, the corrected results lead to the conclusion that the Frandsen formula gives the better estimate of the planform kinetic energy flux. The Frandsen estimate is off by 76 % while the Lettau is off by a factor of 8.5. While the conclusions of the manuscript are largely unchanged, the corrected data indicate that the planform kinetic energy flux is not sufficient to account for the total power

Matthias Kinzel; Quinn Mulligan; John O. Dabiri

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Variational Pseudo-Multiple-Doppler Wind Retrieval in the Vertical Plane for Ground-Based Mobile Radar Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A variational procedure is developed that utilizes mobile ground-based range–height indicator (RHI) Doppler radar velocity data for the synthesis of two-dimensional, RHI plane wind vectors. The radial component winds are obtained with the radar ...

Christopher C. Weiss; Howard B. Bluestein; Robert Conzemius; Evgeni Fedorovich

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Wind Turbines  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Although all wind turbines operate on similar principles, several varieties are in use today. These include horizontal axis turbines and vertical axis turbines.

154

A Horizontal Wind and Wind Confidence Algorithm for Doppler Wind Profilers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Boundary layer wind profilers are increasingly being used in applications that require high-quality, rapidly updated winds. An example of this type of application is an airport wind hazard warning system. Wind shear can be a hazard to flight ...

Robert K. Goodrich; Corrinne S. Morse; Larry B. Cornman; Stephen A. Cohn

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Effects of blade configuration on flow distribution and power output of a zephyr vertical axis wind turbine.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Worldwide interest in renewable energy systems has increased dramatically, due to environmental concerns like climate change and other factors. Wind power is a major source… (more)

Ajedegba, John Oviemuno

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Turbulent Mixing in Stably Stratified Shear Flows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertical mixing of momentum and heat is investigated in turbulent stratified shear flows. It is assumed that the flow has uniform shear and stratification with homogeneous turbulence and that an equilibrium is reached between kinetic and ...

U. Schumann; T. Gerz

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Aerodynamic characteristics of seven symmetrical airfoil sections through 180-degree angle of attack for use in aerodynamic analysis of vertical axis wind turbines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

When work began on the Darrieus vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT) program at Sandia National Laboratories, it was recognized that there was a paucity of symmetrical airfoil data needed to describe the aerodynamics of turbine blades. Curved-bladed Darrieus turbines operate at local Reynolds numbers (Re) and angles of attack (..cap alpha..) seldom encountered in aeronautical applications. This report describes (1) a wind tunnel test series conducted at moderate values of Re in which 0 less than or equal to ..cap alpha.. less than or equal to 180/sup 0/ force and moment data were obtained for four symmetrical blade-candidate airfoil sections (NACA-0009, -0012, -0012H, and -0015), and (2) how an airfoil property synthesizer code can be used to extend the measured properties to arbitrary values of Re (10/sup 4/ less than or equal to Re less than or equal to 10/sup 7/) and to certain other section profiles (NACA-0018, -0021, -0025).

Sheldahl, R E; Klimas, P C

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Combined Wind Profiler/Polarimetric Radar Studies of the Vertical Motion and Microphysical Characteristics of Tropical Sea-Breeze Thunderstorms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An experiment combining wind profiler and polarimetric radar analyses of intense, but shallow, tropical thunderstorms has been performed. These storms are important as they are very common along many tropical coasts and islands and are sometimes ...

Peter T. May; A. R. Jameson; Thomas D. Keenan; Paul E. Johnston; Chris Lucas

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Optimization of a Savonius rotor vertical-axis wind turbine for use in water pumping systems in rural Honduras  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The D-lab Honduras team designed and constructed a wind-powered water pump in rural Honduras during IAP 2007. Currently, the system does not work under its own power and water must be pumped by hand. This thesis seeks to ...

Zingman, Aron (Aron Olesen)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Influence of refraction on wind turbine noise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A semi-empirical method is applied to calculate the time-average sound level of wind turbine noise generation and propagation. Both are affected by wind shear refraction. Under upwind conditions the partially ensonified zone separates the fully ensonified zone (close to the turbine) and the shadow zone (far away from the turbine). Refraction is described in terms of the wind speed linear profile fitted to the power law profile. The rotating blades are treated as a two-dimensional circular source in the vertical plane. Inside the partially ensonified zone the effective A-weighted sound power decreases to zero when the receiver moves from the turbine toward the shadow zone. The presented results would be useful in practical applications to give a quick estimate of the effect of refraction on wind turbine noise.

Makarewicz, Rufin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical wind shear" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Analysis of wind shear models and trends in different terrains M.L. Ray *, A.L. Rogers, and J.G. McGowan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by the Energy & Environment Research Center at the University of North Dakota [1]. Each site has wind speed data.F., J.G. McGowan, and A.L. Rogers. Wind Energy Explained: Theory, Design and Application. John Wiley." Proceedings of British Wind Energy Association Workshop on the Influence of Trees on Wind Farm Energy Yields

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

162

Gravity Waves Generated by Sheared Potential Vorticity Anomalies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The gravity waves (GWs) generated by potential vorticity (PV) anomalies in a rotating stratified shear flow are examined under the assumptions of constant vertical shear, two-dimensionality, and unbounded domain. Near a PV anomaly, the associated ...

François Lott; Riwal Plougonven; Jacques Vanneste

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

32 JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC AND OCEANIC TECHNOLOGY VOLUME 29 Impact of a Vertical Vorticity Constraint in Variational Dual-Doppler Wind Analysis: Tests with Real and Simulated Supercell Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the greatest challenges to dual-Doppler retrieval of the vertical wind is the lack of low-level divergence information available to the mass conservation constraint. This study examines the impact of a vertical vorticity equation constraint on vertical velocity retrievals when radar observations are lacking near the ground. The analysis proceeds in a three-dimensional variational data assimilation (3DVAR) framework with the anelastic form of the vertical vorticity equation imposed along with traditional data, mass conservation, and smoothness constraints. The technique is tested using emulated radial wind observations of a supercell storm simulated by the Advanced Regional Prediction System (ARPS), as well as real dual-Doppler observations of a supercell storm that occurred in Oklahoma on 8 May 2003. Special attention is given to procedures to evaluate the vorticity tendency term, including spatially variable advection correction and estimation of the intrinsic evolution. Volume scan times ranging from 5 min, typical of operational radar networks, down to 30 s, achievable by rapid-scan mobile radars, are considered. The vorticity constraint substantially improves the vertical velocity retrievals in our experiments, particularly for volume scan times smaller than 2 min. 1.

Corey K. Potvin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

The role of vertical buoyancy distributions in simulated low-topped supercells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tornadic potential in low-topped convection is difficult to forecast and to detect on radar. Observations of tornadic low-topped supercell environments allude to low-to-moderate CAPE and at least moderate low-level lapse rates in temperature. This study examines the role of low-level vertical buoyancy distributions in influencing supercell updraft intensity and persistence, and on mid-level and low-level mesocyclone development. The emphasis is to examine wind, temperature, and moisture profiles that are conducive to the development of low-topped supercells with tornadic potential. COMMAS, a non-hydrostatic 3-dimensional numerical cloud model, was used to simulate supercell development for nine idealized environments having a range of wind shears and total CAPE predictive of supercell type storms, and all having moderate vertical lapse rates in temperature. Supercell updraft forcing characteristics and low-level mesocyclone development in the models were similar for environments with adequate shear and buoyancy distributions in the low levels regardless of the environment's total CAPE. Model results suggest the vertical distribution of buoyancy over the sheared depth of the environment is a better indicator of an environment's potential to produce tornadic supercells than total CAPE.

Cantrell, Louis Edward

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Convectively Coupled Waves in a Sheared Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A linear stability analysis, about a radiative–convective equilibrium in a sheared environment, on an equatorial beta plane, for a simple multicloud model for organized tropical convection is presented here. Both vertical/baroclinic and ...

Ying Han; Boualem Khouider

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Shear Excitation of Atmospheric Gravity Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Unstable Velocity shears are a Common source of vertically propagating gravity waves in the atmosphere. However, the growth rates of unstable modes predicted by linear theory cannot always amount for their observed importance.

David C. Fritts

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Momentum Flux and Flux Divergence of Gravity Waves in Directional Shear Flows over Three-Dimensional Mountains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Linear mountain wave theory is used to derive the general formulas of the gravity wave momentum flux (WMF) and its vertical divergence that develop in directionally sheared flows with constant vertical shear. Height variations of the WMF and its ...

Xin Xu; Yuan Wang; Ming Xue

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Movement and Vertical Coupling of Adiabatic Baroclinic Tropical Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The vertical coupling and movement of an adiabatic baroclinic tropical cyclone (TC) are investigated through two numerical experiments in which the TC is affected by either a vertical environmental shear or a differential beta drift. In both ...

Liguang Wu; Bin Wang

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

A Brief Climatology of Vertical Wind Variability in the Troposphere and Stratosphere as Seen by the Poker Flat, Alaska, MST Radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A statistical analysis of vertical air motion has been performed for data taken in the 3-20 km altitude range by the Poker Flat MST radar during the period September 1979-January 1982. The variability of vertical velocities is analyzed as a ...

G. D. Nastrom; K. S. Gage

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Principal Component Analysis of Wind Profiler Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Principal component analysis (PCA) is applied to wind profiler observations to study the vertical profile of the wind field and its temporal evolution. The rationale for decomposing time–height wind profiler data using PCA is twofold. The ...

Christopher R. Williams

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Low-Maintenance Wind Power System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with widespread adoption of wind energy. The project hasProject: Low-Maintenance Wind Power System Summary of theImproved Vertical Axis Wind Turbine and Aerodynamic Control

Rasson, Joseph E

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

WIND-DRIVEN ACCRETION IN PROTOPLANETARY DISKS. I. SUPPRESSION OF THE MAGNETOROTATIONAL INSTABILITY AND LAUNCHING OF THE MAGNETOCENTRIFUGAL WIND  

SciTech Connect

We perform local, vertically stratified shearing-box MHD simulations of protoplanetary disks (PPDs) at a fiducial radius of 1 AU that take into account the effects of both Ohmic resistivity and ambipolar diffusion (AD). The magnetic diffusion coefficients are evaluated self-consistently from a look-up table based on equilibrium chemistry. We first show that the inclusion of AD dramatically changes the conventional picture of layered accretion. Without net vertical magnetic field, the system evolves into a toroidal field dominated configuration with extremely weak turbulence in the far-UV ionization layer that is far too inefficient to drive rapid accretion. In the presence of a weak net vertical field (plasma {beta} {approx} 10{sup 5} at midplane), we find that the magnetorotational instability (MRI) is completely suppressed, resulting in a fully laminar flow throughout the vertical extent of the disk. A strong magnetocentrifugal wind is launched that efficiently carries away disk angular momentum and easily accounts for the observed accretion rate in PPDs. Moreover, under a physical disk wind geometry, all the accretion flow proceeds through a strong current layer with a thickness of {approx}0.3H that is offset from disk midplane with radial velocity of up to 0.4 times the sound speed. Both Ohmic resistivity and AD are essential for the suppression of the MRI and wind launching. The efficiency of wind transport increases with increasing net vertical magnetic flux and the penetration depth of the FUV ionization. Our laminar wind solution has important implications on planet formation and global evolution of PPDs.

Bai Xuening; Stone, James M., E-mail: xbai@cfa.harvard.edu [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Peyton Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)

2013-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

173

The Vertical Profile of Wind and Temperature in Cyclones and Anticyclones over the Eastern Two-Thirds of the United States: A Climatology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A climatological analysis, based upon operational surface and upper-air data from 1957 to 1994, of the wind and temperature profiles composited with respect to each quadrant of surface cyclones and anticyclones, is presented for the eastern two-...

Howard B. Bluestein; Peter C. Banacos

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Observation of 3–6-Day Meridional Wind Oscillations over the Tropical Pacific, 1973–1992: Vertical Structure and Interannual Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rawinsonde data from tropical Pacific stations were examined for westward-propagating 3–6-day meridional wind oscillations in the troposphere and lower stratosphere, 1973–1992. Four types were identified from cross- spectrum and principal ...

Timothy J. Dunkerton

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

A Dynamic Wind Turbine Simulator of the Wind Turbine Generator System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To study dynamic performances of wind turbine generator system (WTGS), and to determine the control structures in laboratory. The dynamic torque generated by wind turbine (WT) must be simulated. In there paper, a dynamic wind turbine emulator (WTE) is ... Keywords: dynamic wind turbine emulation, wind shear, tower shadow, torque compensation

Lei Lu; Zhen Xie; Xing Zhang; Shuying Yang; Renxian Cao

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Vertical Seismic Profiling | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vertical Seismic Profiling Vertical Seismic Profiling Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Vertical Seismic Profiling Details Activities (4) Areas (3) Regions (1) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Downhole Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Borehole Seismic Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Borehole Seismic Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Rock unit density influences elastic wave velocities. Stratigraphic/Structural: Structural geology- faults, folds, grabens, horst blocks, sedimentary layering, discontinuities, etc. Hydrological: Combining compressional and shear wave results can indicate the presence of fluid saturation in the formation. Thermal: High temperatures and pressure impact the compressional and shear wave velocities.

177

Wind turbine | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

turbine turbine Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Wind turbine: A machine that converts wind energy to mechanical energy; typically connected to a generator to produce electricity. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Contents 1 Types of Wind Turbines 1.1 Vertical Axis Wind Turbines 1.2 Horizontal Axis Wind Turbines 2 Wind Turbine Sizes 3 Components of a Wind Turbine 4 References Types of Wind Turbines There are two basic wind turbine designs: those with a vertical axis (sometimes referred to as VAWTs) and those with a horizontal axis (sometimes referred to as HAWTs). There are several manufacturers of vertical axis turbines, but they have not penetrated the "utility scale" (100 kW capacity and larger) market to the same degree as horizontal axis turbines.[1]

178

Three-Dimensional Response of a Shear Flow to Elevated Heating  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The three-dimensional response of a shear flow to elevated heating is investigated using linear theory. The basic wind profile is allowed to reverse directions at a certain height. Effects of shear, evaporative cooling, and the stratosphere are ...

Yuh-Lang Lin; Shiaolin Li

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Dynamics of Sheared Convective Boundary Layer Entrainment. Part I: Methodological Background and Large-Eddy Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The reported study examines the dynamics of entrainment and its effects on the evolution of the dry atmospheric convective boundary layer (CBL) when wind shear is present. The sheared CBL can be studied by means of direct measurements in the ...

Robert J. Conzemius; Evgeni Fedorovich

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

A Comparison of Shear- and Buoyancy-Driven Planetary Boundary Layer Flows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Planetary boundary layer (PBL) flows are known to exhibit fundamental differences depending on the relative combination of wind shear and buoyancy forces. These differences are not unexpected in that shear instabilities occur locally, while ...

Chin-Hoh Moeng; Peter P. Sullivan

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical wind shear" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Lidar Observations of the Vertical Aerosol Flux in the Planetary Boundary Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The vertical aerosol transport in the planetary boundary layer (PBL) is investigated with lidars. Profiles of the vertical wind velocity are measured with a 2-?m Doppler wind lidar. Aerosol parameters are derived from observations with an aerosol ...

Ronny Engelmann; Ulla Wandinger; Albert Ansmann; Detlef Müller; Egidijus Žeromskis; Dietrich Althausen; Birgit Wehner

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Performance of a Wind-Profiling Lidar in the Region of Wind Turbine Rotor Disks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As the wind energy sector continues to grow, so does the need for reliable vertical wind profiles in the assessment of wind resources and turbine performance. In situ instrumentation mounted on meteorological towers can rarely probe the atmosphere ...

Matthew L. Aitken; Michael E. Rhodes; Julie K. Lundquist

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Impact of Coherent Turbulence on Wind Turbine Aeroelastic Response and Its Simulation: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a brief overview of our recent research results regarding the impact of organized or coherent inflow turbulence on the dynamic response of operating wind turbines. Previous field experimentation has demonstrated that the greatest structural fatigue damage tends to occur during the nighttime hours from coherent turbulence that develops in the stable, nocturnal atmospheric boundary layer. We have found that under such conditions, intense vertical wind shear and temperature gradients create resonant flow fields that are capable of imparting short-period loading and vibrational energy as wind turbine rotor blades pass through regions of organized or coherent turbulence. This energy is subsequently propagated throughout the remainder of the structure, where it is often locally dissipated. We also briefly discuss our recent progress in developing a numerical simulation that includes such coherent inflow conditions that can be used to excite wind turbine design codes.

Kelley, N. D.; Jonkman, B. J.; Scott, G. N.; Bialasiewicz, J. T.; Redmond, L. S.

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

New Insights Into Deep Convective Core Vertical Velocities Using...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Insights Into Deep Convective Core Vertical Velocities Using ARM UHF Wind Profilers For original submission and image(s), see ARM Research Highlights http:www.arm.govscience...

185

Transient Dynamics of Nonsymmetric Perturbations versus Symmetric Instability in Baroclinic Zonal Shear Flows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The linear dynamics of symmetric and nonsymmetric perturbations in unbounded zonal inviscid flows with a constant vertical shear of velocity, when a fluid is incompressible and density is stably stratified along the vertical and meridional ...

G. R. Mamatsashvili; V. S. Avsarkisov; G. D. Chagelishvili; R. G. Chanishvili; M. V. Kalashnik

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

The Effect of Tilted Rotation on Shear Instabilities at Low Stratifications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A linear stability analysis of the inviscid stratified Boussinesq equations is presented given a steady zonal flow with constant vertical shear in a tilted f plane. Full nonhydrostatic terms are included: 1) acceleration of vertical velocity and ...

Nicole Jeffery; Beth Wingate

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

The Optimal State for Gravity Currents in Shear  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the lifting of sheared environmental air by gravity currents, focusing primarily on the theoretical “optimal state” in which near-surface flow is turned into a vertically oriented jet. Theoretical models are presented from ...

George H. Bryan; Richard Rotunno

188

The Role of Shearwise and Transverse Quasigeostrophic Vertical Motions in the Midlatitude Cyclone Life Cycle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The total quasigeostrophic (QG) vertical motion field is partitioned into transverse and shearwise couplets oriented parallel to, and along, the geostrophic vertical shear, respectively. The physical role played by each of these components of ...

Jonathan E. Martin

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Wind Energy Assessment Study for Nevada -- Tall Tower Deployment (Stone Cabin): 26 June 2005 - 31 December 2007  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this work effort was to characterize wind shear and turbulence for representative wind-developable areas in Nevada.

Koracin, D.; Reinhardt, R.; McCurdy, G.; Liddle, M.; McCord, T.; Vellore, R.; Minor, T.; Lyles, B.; Miller, D.; Ronchetti, L.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Availability of wind power  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Meteorological studies of available wind power were begun at Sandia in 1973 to support the development of a vertical-axis wind turbine (VAWT, ''egg-beater''). This presentation reviews work to date. Copies of seven source reports were provided to ELETROBRAS; Scientia, Ltda., has included them in an extensive bibliography that was distributed at the seminar. This report summarizes those climatological studies that are needed to assist and promote wind energy exploitation in Brazil.

Reed, J.W.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Gravity Waves in Shear and Implications for Organized Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is known that gravity waves in the troposphere, which are often excited by preexisting convection, can favor or suppress the formation of new convection. Here it is shown that in the presence of wind shear or barotropic wind, the gravity waves ...

Samuel N. Stechmann; Andrew J. Majda

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Tornadogenesis by Nonprecipitation Induced Wind Shear Lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Five tornadoes occurred within a 40 min period on 18 May 1984 in eastern Colorado. The evolution of these tornadoes was documented by a single Doppler radar, research aircraft, mesonetwork and chase team. Three of these tornadoes were narrow (?...

James W. Wilson

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

VERTICAL GARDEN DIY CHECKLIST  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

VERTICAL GARDEN DIY CHECKLIST Vertical greenery is not a new concept; it dates back thousands-growingvarietiesbecome established. Theneedforpermissionfromcouncil, strataetc. #12;VERTICAL GARDEN DIY CHECKLIST THE PLAN

Peters, Richard

194

Intercomparison of Wind Measurements from Two Acoustic Doppler Sodars, a Laser Doppler Lidar, and In Situ Sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Intercomparative measurements of wind speed, wind direction, wind direction standard deviation, and vertical wind standard deviation from two acoustic Doppler sodars and a laser Doppler lidar are studied, using the BAO tower to provide reference ...

Prasan Chintawongvanich; Robert Olsen; Christopher A. Biltoft

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Wind Gyres in Circumpolar Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The interaction between a close wind-gyre and a neighboring eastward current is investigated using a hierarchy of increasingly complex analytical models. The method used to determine the vertical structure is that proposed earlier by Rhines and ...

Peter H. Haynes

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Wind Fins: Novel Lower-Cost Wind Power System  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This project evaluated the technical feasibility of converting energy from the wind with a novel “wind fin” approach. This patent-pending technology has three major components: (1) a mast, (2) a vertical, hinged wind structure or fin, and (3) a power takeoff system. The wing structure responds to the wind with an oscillating motion, generating power. The overall project goal was to determine the basic technical feasibility of the wind fin technology. Specific objectives were the following: (1) to determine the wind energy-conversion performance of the wind fin and the degree to which its performance could be enhanced through basic design improvements; (2) to determine how best to design the wind fin system to survive extreme winds; (3) to determine the cost-effectiveness of the best wind fin designs compared to state-of-the-art wind turbines; and (4) to develop conclusions about the overall technical feasibility of the wind fin system. Project work involved extensive computer modeling, wind-tunnel testing with small models, and testing of bench-scale models in a wind tunnel and outdoors in the wind. This project determined that the wind fin approach is technically feasible and likely to be commercially viable. Project results suggest that this new technology has the potential to harvest wind energy at approximately half the system cost of wind turbines in the 10kW range. Overall, the project demonstrated that the wind fin technology has the potential to increase the economic viability of small wind-power generation. In addition, it has the potential to eliminate lethality to birds and bats, overcome public objections to the aesthetics of wind-power machines, and significantly expand wind-power’s contribution to the national energy supply.

David C. Morris; Dr. Will D. Swearingen

2007-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

197

Control system for a vertical axis windmill  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A vertical axis windmill having a rotating structure is provided with a series of articulated vertical blades whose positions are controlled to maintain a constant RPM for the rotating structure, when wind speed is sufficient. A microprocessor controller is used to process information on wind speed, wind direction and RPM of the rotating structure to develop an electrical signal for establishing blade position. The preferred embodiment of the invention, when connected to a utility grid, is designed to generate 40 kilowatts of power when exposed to a 20 mile per hour wind. The control system for the windmill includes electrical blade actuators that modulate the blades of the rotating structure. Blade modulation controls the blade angle of attack, which in turn controls the RPM of the rotor. In the preferred embodiment, the microprocessor controller provides the operation logic and control functions. A wind speed sensor provides inputs to start or stop the windmill, and a wind direction sensor is used to keep the blade flip region at 90.degree. and 270.degree. to the wind. The control system is designed to maintain constant rotor RPM when wind speed is between 10 and 40 miles per hour.

Brulle, Robert V. (St. Louis County, MO)

1983-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

198

A Comparison of Vertical Velocity in Cirrus Obtained from Aircraft and Lidar Divergence Measurements during FIRE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Techniques are presented to obtain vertical velocity in cirrus clouds from in situ aircraft lateral wind measurements and from ground-based remote Doppler lidar measurements. In general, direct measurements of absolute vertical velocity w from ...

I. Gultepe; A. J. Heymsfield; D. H. Lenschow

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

1404 JOURNAL OF CLIMATE VOLUME 16 Covariations of Sea Surface Temperature and Wind over the Kuroshio and Its Extension: Evidence for Ocean-to-Atmosphere Feedback*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Satellite microwave measurements are analyzed, revealing robust covariability in sea surface temperature (SST) and wind speed over the Kuroshio Extension (KE) east of Japan. Ocean hydrodynamic instabilities cause the KE to meander and result in large SST variations. Increased (reduced) wind speeds are found to be associated with warm (cold) SST anomalies. This positive SST–wind correlation in KE is confirmed by in situ buoy measurements and is consistent with a vertical shear adjustment mechanism. Namely, an increase in SST reduces the static stability of the near-surface atmosphere, intensifying the vertical turbulence mixing and bringing fastmoving air from aloft to the sea surface. South of Japan, the Kuroshio is known to vary between nearshore and offshore paths. These paths are very persistent and can last for months to years. As the Kuroshio shifts its path, coherent wind changes are detected from satellite data. In particular, winds are high south of Tokyo when the Kuroshio takes the nearshore path while they are greatly reduced when this warm current leaves the coast in the offshore path. The positive SST–wind correlation over the strong Kuroshio Current and its extension is opposite to the negative one often observed in regions of weak currents such as south of the Aleutian low. The latter correlation is considered to be indicative of atmosphere-to-ocean forcing. 1.

Masami Nonaka; Shang-ping Xie

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Vertical Motions Estimated Using Data from a Single Station and a Form of the Adiabatic Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The so-called adiabatic method for estimating vertical air motions under isentropic flow conditions can be used with wind and temperature data from a single station. With the advent of radio acoustic sounding systems, wind and temperature ...

G. D. Nastrom; J. M. Warnock

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical wind shear" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Offshore Wind Turbine Wakes Measured by Sodar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A ship-mounted sodar was used to measure wind turbine wakes in an offshore wind farm in Denmark. The wake magnitude and vertical extent were determined by measuring the wind speed profile behind an operating turbine, then shutting down the ...

R. J. Barthelmie; L. Folkerts; F. T. Ormel; P. Sanderhoff; P. J. Eecen; O. Stobbe; N. M. Nielsen

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Baroclinic Adjustment in a Two-Level Model with Barotropic Shear  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Baroclinic instability in two-level models is characterized by a critical vertical shear, for values above which the flow is unstable. Existing studies of nonlinear baroclinic equilibration in two-level models suggest that, while equilibration ...

Gerard H. Roe; Richard S. Lindzen

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Using a Broadband ADCP in a Tidal Channel. Part I: Mean Flow and Shear  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses the principles of measuring the mean velocity and its vertical shear in a turbulent flow using an acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP), and presents an analysis of data gathered in a tidal channel. The assumption of ...

Youyu Lu; Rolf G. Lueck

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

New Conservation Laws for Linear Quasi-Geostrophic Waves in Shear  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There exists an infinite set of quadratic conserved quantities for linear quasi-geostrophic waves in horizontal and vertical shear, the first two members of the set corresponding to the pseudomomentum and pseudo-energy conservation laws that lead ...

Isaac M. Held

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Comparison of Wind Monitoring Systems. Pad II: Doppley. Sodars  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements of wind speed, wind direction, and the vertical component of turbulence, from four different commercially available Doppler sodars, are compared with similar measurements from in situ sensors on a 300 m instrumented tower. Results ...

P. L. Finkelstein; J. C. Kaimal; J. E. Gaynor; M. E. Graves; T. J. Lockhart

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Air Bubbles Produced by Breaking Wind Waves: A Laboratory Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Air bubbles produced by breaking wind waves are measured in a laboratory tank to study bubble clouds produced in freshwater under various wind and wave conditions. Vertical entrainment of bubbles and their size compositions are found to be ...

Paul A. Hwang; Y-H. L. Hsu; Jin Wu

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

The Interaction of Equatorial Kelvin Waves with Realistically Sheared Zonal Currents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate the interaction of baroclinic equatorial Kelvin waves with realistically sheared background zonal currents in a linearized, continuously stratified model. The background flows are in thermal wind balance and allowed to vary ...

M. J. McPhaden; J. A. Proehl; L. M. Rothstein

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

A new wall-shear stress model for atmospheric boundary layer simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new wall-shear stress model to be used as wall-boundary condition for Large Eddy Simulations of the Atmospheric Boundary Layer is proposed. The new model computes the wall shear stress and the vertical derivatives of the streamwise velocity ...

Marcus Hultmark; Marc Calaf; Marc B. Parlange

209

Tornado type wind turbines  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A tornado type wind turbine has a vertically disposed wind collecting tower with spaced apart inner and outer walls and a central bore. The upper end of the tower is open while the lower end of the structure is in communication with a wind intake chamber. An opening in the wind chamber is positioned over a turbine which is in driving communication with an electrical generator. An opening between the inner and outer walls at the lower end of the tower permits radially flowing air to enter the space between the inner and outer walls while a vertically disposed opening in the wind collecting tower permits tangentially flowing air to enter the central bore. A porous portion of the inner wall permits the radially flowing air to interact with the tangentially flowing air so as to create an intensified vortex flow which exits out of the top opening of the tower so as to create a low pressure core and thus draw air through the opening of the wind intake chamber so as to drive the turbine.

Hsu, Cheng-Ting (Ames, IA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

The Influence of Topography and Lower-Tropospheric Winds on Dryline Morphology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of topography, wind shear, and zonal wind speed on dryline formation and evolution are investigated using a three-dimensional nonhydrostatic mesoscale model. Rather than conduct a case study a parameter study was performed to examine ...

Steven E. Peckham; Louis J. Wicker

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Modons in Shear Flow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Modons in shear flow are computed as equilibrium solutions of the equivalent barotropic vorticity equation using a numerical Newton–Kantorovich iterative technique with double Fourier spectral expansion. The model is given a first guess of an ...

Sue Ellen Haupt; James C. McWilliams; Joseph J. Tribbia

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Extreme Winds and Wind Effects on Structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Extreme Winds and Wind Effects on Structures. The Engineering ... section. I. Extreme Winds: ... II. Wind Effects on Buildings. Database ...

2013-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

213

Wind turbulence characterization for wind energy development  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As part of its support of the US Department of Energy's (DOE's) Federal Wind Energy Program, the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) has initiated an effort to work jointly with the wind energy community to characterize wind turbulence in a variety of complex terrains at existing or potential sites of wind turbine installation. Five turbulence characterization systems were assembled and installed at four sites in the Tehachapi Pass in California, and one in the Green Mountains near Manchester, Vermont. Data processing and analyses techniques were developed to allow observational analyses of the turbulent structure; this analysis complements the more traditional statistical and spectral analyses. Preliminary results of the observational analyses, in the rotating framework or a wind turbine blade, show that the turbulence at a site can have two major components: (1) engulfing eddies larger than the rotor, and (2) fluctuating shear due to eddies smaller than the rotor disk. Comparison of the time series depicting these quantities at two sites showed that the turbulence intensity (the commonly used descriptor of turbulence) did not adequately characterize the turbulence at these sites. 9 refs., 10 figs.,

Wendell, L.L.; Gower, G.L.; Morris, V.R.; Tomich, S.D.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Bottom Stress Estimates from Vertical Dissipation Rate Profiles on the Continental Shelf  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements of the near-bottom distribution of the turbulent dissipation rate on the continental shelf west of Vancouver Island are used to calculate bottom stress. A free-failing vertical profiler with microstructure shear probes was used to ...

Richard K. Dewey; William R. Crawford

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

NREL: Wind Research - Mariah Power's Windspire Wind Turbine Testing and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mariah Power's Windspire Wind Turbine Testing and Results Mariah Power's Windspire Wind Turbine Testing and Results A video of Mariah Power's Windspire wind turbine. Text Version As part of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and U.S. Department of Energy (NREL/DOE) Independent Testing project, NREL tested Mariah Power's Windspire Giromill small wind turbine at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) through January 14, 2009 when NREL terminated its testing. Read a chronology of events and letter from Mariah Power to NREL. The Windspire is a 1.2-kilowatt (kW) vertical-axis small wind turbine. The turbine tower is 9.1 meters tall, and its rotor area is 1.2 by 6.1 meters. The turbine has a permanent-magnet generator with a single-phase output at 120 volts AC. Testing Summary Testing was terminated January 14, 2009. Published test reports include

216

2009 ASME WIND ENERGY SYMPOSIUM Static and Fatigue Testing of Thick Adhesive Joints for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 2009 ASME WIND ENERGY SYMPOSIUM Static and Fatigue Testing of Thick Adhesive Joints for Wind as wind blade size has increased. Typical blade joints use paste adhesives several millimeters thick aircraft, which are also of relevance to wind blades in many instances. The strengths of lap-shear and many

217

Wind driven gas generator  

SciTech Connect

A means is provided to convert wind energy into electrical energy which, through electrolysis, forms gases to be stored under pressure, giving a form of stored energy for use at some future time by the use of a high torque, low speed vertical axis wind machine connected by direct drive to homopolar direct current generators so as to create direct current for the electrolysis of water, resulting in the breakdown of water into its basic components of hydrogen and oxygen, which are then stored under pressure until necessary for use as a source of energy.

Crehore, R.

1980-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

218

Improved Wind Measurements on Research Aircraft  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Improved techniques for measuring horizontal and vertical wind components and state variables on research aircraft are presented. They include a filtering method for correcting ground speed and position Inertial Navigation System data with Global ...

D. Khelif; S. P. Burns; C. A. Friehe

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Royal Wind | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name Royal Wind Place Denver, Colorado Sector Wind energy Product Vertical Wind Turbines Year founded 2008 Website http://www.RoyalWindTurbines.c Coordinates 39.7391536°, -104.9847034° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.7391536,"lon":-104.9847034,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

220

Wind Turbine Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wind Turbine Basics Wind Turbine Basics Wind Turbine Basics July 30, 2013 - 2:58pm Addthis Energy 101: Wind Turbines Basics This video explains the basics of how wind turbines operate to produce clean power from an abundant, renewable resource-the wind. Text Version Wind turbine assembly Although all wind turbines operate on similar principles, several varieties are in use today. These include horizontal axis turbines and vertical axis turbines. Horizontal Axis Turbines Horizontal axis turbines are the most common turbine configuration used today. They consist of a tall tower, atop which sits a fan-like rotor that faces into or away from the wind, a generator, a controller, and other components. Most horizontal axis turbines built today are two- or three-bladed. Horizontal axis turbines sit high atop towers to take advantage of the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical wind shear" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Ultrasonic shear wave couplant  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Ultrasonically testing of an article at high temperatures is accomplished by the use of a compact layer of a dry ceramic powder as a couplant in a method which involves providing an ultrasonic transducer as a probe capable of transmitting shear waves, coupling the probe to the article through a thin compact layer of a dry ceramic powder, propagating a shear wave from the probe through the ceramic powder and into the article to develop echo signals, and analyzing the echo signals to determine at least one physical characteristic of the article.

Kupperman, David S. (Oak Park, IL); Lanham, Ronald N. (Lockport, IL)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Ultrasonic shear wave couplant  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Ultrasonically testing of an article at high temperatures is accomplished by the use of a compact layer of a dry ceramic powder as a couplant in a method which involves providing an ultrasonic transducer as a probe capable of transmitting shear waves, coupling the probe to the article through a thin compact layer of a dry ceramic powder, propagating a shear wave from the probe through the ceramic powder and into the article to develop echo signals, and analyzing the echo signals to determine at least one physical characteristic of the article.

Kupperman, D.S.; Lanham, R.N.

1984-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

223

Vertical Heat-Flux Measurements from a Neutrally Buoyant Float  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A neutrally buoyant float instrumented to measure 1–5 m shear and stratification was deployed for ten days in a near-inertial critical layer at the base of a warm-core ring. Vertical velocity and temperature data, from which large-scale (>5 m) ...

Haili Sun; Eric Kunze; A. J. Williams III

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

EERE: Wind  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

EERE: Buildings The U.S. Department of Energy funds R&D to develop wind energy. Learn about the DOE Wind Program, how to use wind energy and get financial incentives, and access...

225

WIND ENERGY Wind Energ. (2012)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WIND ENERGY Wind Energ. (2012) Published online in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary since energy production depends non-linearly on wind speed (U ), and wind speed observa- tions for the assessment of future long-term wind supply A. M. R. Bakker1 , B. J. J. M. Van den Hurk1 and J. P. Coelingh2 1

Haak, Hein

226

The Influence of Fetch on the Response of Surface Currents to Wind Studied by HF Ocean Surface Radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The momentum transfer from wind to sea generates surface currents through both the wind shear stress and the Stokes drift induced by waves. This paper addresses issues in the interpretation of HF radar measurements of surface currents and ...

Yadan Mao; Malcolm L. Heron

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Amplitude modulation of wind turbine noise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Due to swish and thump amplitude modulation, the noise of wind turbines cause more annoyance than other environmental noise of the same average level. The wind shear accounts for the thump modulation (van den Berg effect). Making use of the wind speed measurements at the hub height, as well as at the top and the bottom of the rotor disc (Fig.1), the non-standard wind profile is applied. It causes variations in the A-weighted sound pressure level, LpA. The difference between the maximum and minimum of LpA characterizes thump modulation (Fig.2).

Makarewicz, Rufin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

A Multisodar Approach to Wind Profiling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the development of a multisodar mode from a five-beam sodar whereby a wind speed vector is found for sets of three acoustic beams. If the vertical beam is used, this mode enables the profiling of four wind speed measurements ...

Paul Behrens; Stuart Bradley; Travis Wiens

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Establishing a Comprehensive Wind Energy Program  

SciTech Connect

This project was directed at establishing a comprehensive wind energy program in Indiana, including both educational and research components. A graduate/undergraduate course ME-514 - Fundamentals of Wind Energy has been established and offered and an interactive prediction of VAWT performance developed. Vertical axis wind turbines for education and research have been acquired, instrumented and installed on the roof top of a building on the Calumet campus and at West Lafayette (Kepner Lab). Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) calculations have been performed to simulate these urban wind environments. Also, modal dynamic testing of the West Lafayette VAWT has been performed and a novel horizontal axis design initiated. The 50-meter meteorological tower data obtained at the Purdue Beck Agricultural Research Center have been analyzed and the Purdue Reconfigurable Micro Wind Farm established and simulations directed at the investigation of wind farm configurations initiated. The virtual wind turbine and wind turbine farm simulation in the Visualization Lab has been initiated.

Fleeter, Sanford [Purdue University

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

230

Dynamics of a deformable active particle under shear flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The motion of a deformable active particle in linear shear flow is explored theoretically. Based on symmetry considerations, in two spatial dimensions, we propose coupled nonlinear dynamical equations for the particle position, velocity, deformation, and rotation. In our model, both, passive rotations induced by the shear flow as well as active spinning motions, are taken into account. Our equations reduce to known models in the two limits of vanishing shear flow and vanishing particle deformability. For varied shear rate and particle propulsion speed, we solve the equations numerically and obtain a manifold of different dynamical modes including active straight motion, periodic motions, motions on undulated cycloids, winding motions, as well as quasi-periodic and chaotic motions induced at high shear rates. The types of motion are distinguished by different characteristics in the real-space trajectories and in the dynamical behavior of the particle orientation and its deformation. Our predictions can be verified in experiments on self-propelled droplets exposed to a linear shear flow.

Mitsusuke Tarama; Andreas M. Menzel; Borge ten Hagen; Raphael Wittkowski; Takao Ohta; Hartmut Löwen

2013-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

231

Mesocyclone Evolution Associated with Varying Shear Profiles during the 24 June 2003 Tornado Outbreak  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The morphology of mesocyclones associated with the regional tornado outbreak on 24 June 2003 is examined to illustrate the effects of changing vertical wind profiles. The large-scale environment supported deep moist convection, with forcing for ...

Philip N. Schumacher; Joshua M. Boustead

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Two-Dimensional Response of a Stably Stratified Shear Flow to Diabatic Heating  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A two-dimensional, linearized problem in a stratified shell flow with either isolated heating or differential heating is investigated. In response to isolated heating with the heating top below the wind reversal height, the low-level vertical ...

Yuh-Lang Lin

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Numerical Simulations of Upstream Blocking, Columnar Disturbances, and Bores in Stably Stratified Shear Flows over an Obstacle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A two-dimensional, nonhydrostatic, elastic numerical model has been used to study the generation of gravity waves for a stably stratified shear flow over an obstacle. When a low-level wind shear is included in the simulation, we find that the ...

Chaing Chen; James W. Rottman; Steven E. Koch

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

The effect of soil-flexibility on seismic response of a typical steel plate shear wall subjected to Duzce earthquake  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Steel Plate Shear Wall is commonly employed as a principal system to resist lateral loads due to wind or earthquake forces. An accurate model for SPSW needs to consider the effect of all components for analysis such as foundation and subsoil. One of ... Keywords: dynamic analysis, seismic response, soil structure interaction, steel plate shear wall

J. Mirlohi; P. Memarzadeh; F. Behnamfar

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Vertax Wind | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vertax Wind Vertax Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name Vertax Wind Place Surrey, United Kingdom Zip RH2 7LD Sector Wind energy Product Vertax is a British company that develops vertical axis wind turbines Coordinates 48.231575°, -101.134114° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":48.231575,"lon":-101.134114,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

236

Rotationally sampled wind characteristics and correlations with MOD-OA wind turbine response  

SciTech Connect

This report presents results of a comprehensive wind and wind turbine measurement program: the Clayton, New Mexico, vertical plane array/MOD-OA project. In this experiment, the turbulent wind was measured for a large array of fixed anemometers located two blade diameters upwind of a 200-kW horizontal-axis wind turbine (HAWT). Simultaneously, key wind turbine response parameters were also measured. The first of two major objectives of this experiment was to determine the turbulent wind, rotationally sampled to emulate the motion of the wind turbine blade, for the range of different wind speeds and stability classes actually experienced by the wind turbine. The second major objective was to correlate this rotationally sampled wind with the wind turbine blade stress and power, in order to assess the usefulness of the wind measurements for wind turbine loads testing a prediction. Time series of rotationally sampled winds and wind turbine blade bending moments and power were converted to frequency spectra using Fourier transform techniques. These spectra were used as the basis for both qualitative and quantitative comparisons among the various cases. A quantitative comparison between the rotationally sampled wind input and blade bending response was made, using the Fourier spectra to estimate the blade transfer function. These transfer functions were then used to calculate an approximate damping coefficient for the MOD-OA fiberglass blade.

George, R.L.; Connell, J.R.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Wind Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FUPWG Meeting FUPWG Meeting NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC Robi Robichaud November 18, 2009 Topics Introduction Review of the Current Wind Market Drivers for Wind Development Siting g Issues Wind Resource Assessment Wind Characteristics Wind Power Potential Basic Wind Turbine Theory Basic Wind Turbine Theory Types of Wind Turbines Facts About Wind Siting Facts About Wind Siting Wind Performance 1. United States: MW 1 9 8 2 1 9 8 3 1 9 8 4 1 9 8 5 1 9 8 6 1 9 8 7 1 9 8 8 1 9 8 9 1 9 9 0 1 9 9 1 1 9 9 2 1 9 9 3 1 9 9 4 1 9 9 5 1 9 9 6 1 9 9 7 1 9 9 8 1 9 9 9 2 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 2 0 0 2 2 0 0 3 2 0 0 4 2 0 0 5 2 0 0 6 2 0 0 7 2 0 0 8 Current Status of the Wind Industry Total Global Installed Wind Capacity Total Global Installed Wind Capacity Total Global Installed Wind Capacity

238

Vertical Velocity and Buoyancy Characteristics of Coherent Echo Plumes in the Convective Boundary Layer, Detected by a Profiling Airborne Radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aircraft and airborne millimeter-wave radar observations are used to interpret the dynamics of radar echoes and radar-inferred updrafts within the well-developed, weakly sheared continental convective boundary layer. Vertically pointing radar ...

Qun Miao; Bart Geerts; Margaret LeMone

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Control system for a vertical-axis windmill  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A vertical-axis windmill having a rotating structure is provided with a series of articulated vertical blades whose positions are controlled to maintain a constant RPM for the rotating structure, when wind speed is sufficient. A microprocessor controller is used to process information on wind speed, wind direction and RPM of the rotating structure to develop an electrical signal for establishing blade position. The preferred embodiment of the invention, when connected to a utility grid, is designed to generate 40 kilowatts of power when exposed to a 20 mile per hour wind. The control system for the windmill includes electrical blade actuators that modulate the blades of the rotating structure. Blade modulation controls the blade angle of attack, which in turn controls the RPM of the rotor. In the preferred embodiment, the microprocessor controller provides the operation logic and control functions. A wind speed sensor provides inputs to start or stop the windmill, and a wind direction sensor is used to keep the blade flip region at 90 and 270/sup 0/ to the wind. The control system is designed to maintain constant rotor RPM when wind speed is between 10 and 40 miles per hour.

Brulle, R.V.

1981-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

240

Gap Winds in a Fjord. Part I: Observations and Numerical Simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gap winds in Howe Sound, British Columbia, are described and placed in context by reviewing studies of similar phenomena in other locations. An observational program consisting of a surface mesonetwork and vertical soundings shows that gap winds ...

Peter L. Jackson; D. G. Steyn

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical wind shear" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Anomalous Wind Circulation Observed during 1997/98 El Niño Using Indian MST Radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Unique facility of measuring vertical winds using Indian mesosphere–stratosphere–troposphere (MST) radar along with horizontal winds enables the study of the atmospheric circulation over Gadanki, India. Several important features are noted while ...

V. V. M. Jagannadha Rao; A. Narendra Babu; S. Vijaya Bhaskara Rao; D. Narayana Rao

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Why Are There Upwellings on the Northern Shelf of Taiwan under Northeasterly Winds?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Upwellings are observed on the northern shelf of Taiwan during northeasterly winds. Analytical and realistic numerical models are used to explain how vertical motions are created by divergence and convergence produced by wind acting on the ...

Yu-Lin Chang; Lie-Yauw Oey; Chau-Ron Wu; Hung-Fu Lu

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Katabatic Winds on Ice Sheets: A Refinement of the Prandtl Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Katabatic winds on ice sheets and glaciers are buoyancy-driven flows, much like turbidity currents in the ocean. These winds are driven by radiative cooling of the ice surface and are not resolved by the typical horizontal and vertical ...

R. J. Zammett; A. C. Fowler

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Wind and Temperature Profiles in the Radix Layer: The Bottom Fifth of the Convective Boundary Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the middle of the convective atmospheric boundary layer is often a deep layer of vertically uniform wind speed (MUL), wind direction, and potential temperature (?UL). A radix layer is identified as the whole region below this uniform layer, ...

Edi Santoso; Roland Stull

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

The Response of Buoyant Coastal Plumes to Upwelling-Favorable Winds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To better understand the response of a buoyant coastal plume to wind-induced upwelling, a two-dimensional theory is developed that includes entrainment. The primary assumption is that competition between wind-driven vertical mixing and lateral ...

Steven Lentz

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Wind-Energy based Path Planning For Electric Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Using Markov Decision Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wind-Energy based Path Planning For Electric Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Using Markov Decision wind-energy is one possible way to ex- tend flight duration for Unmanned Arial Vehicles. Wind-energy sources of wind energy available to exploit for this problem [5]: 1) Vertical air motion, such as thermal

Smith, Ryan N.

247

Dispersion in Neptune's Zonal Wind Velocities from NIR Keck AO Observations in July 2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report observations of Neptune made in H-(1.4-1.8 {\\mu}m) and K'-(2.0-2.4 {\\mu}m) bands on 14 and 16 July 2009 from the 10-m W.M. Keck II Telescope using the near-infrared camera NIRC2 coupled to the Adaptive Optics (AO) system. We track the positions of 54 bright atmospheric features over a few hours to derive their zonal and latitudinal velocities, and perform radiative transfer modeling to measure the cloud-top pressures of 50 features seen simultaneously in both bands. We observe one South Polar Feature (SPF) on 14 July and three SPFs on 16 July at ~65 deg S. The SPFs observed on both nights are different features, consistent with the high variability of Neptune's storms. There is significant dispersion in Neptune's zonal wind velocities about the smooth Voyager wind profile fit of Sromovsky et al., Icarus 105, 140 (1993), much greater than the upper limit we expect from vertical wind shear, with the largest dispersion seen at equatorial and southern mid-latitudes. Comparison of feature pressures vs. r...

Fitzpatrick, Patrick J; Luszcz-Cook, Statia; Wong, Michael H; Hammel, Heidi B

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Shear viscosity of nuclear matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this talk I report my recent study on the shear viscosity of neutron-rich nuclear matter from a relaxation time approach. An isospin- and momentum-dependent interaction is used in the study. Effects of density, temperature, and isospin asymmetry of nuclear matter on its shear viscosity have been discussed. Similar to the symmetry energy, the symmetry shear viscosity is defined and its density and temperature dependence are studied.

Jun Xu

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Shear viscosity of nuclear matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this talk I report my recent study on the shear viscosity of neutron-rich nuclear matter from a relaxation time approach. An isospin- and momentum-dependent interaction is used in the study. Effects of density, temperature, and isospin asymmetry of nuclear matter on its shear viscosity have been discussed. Similar to the symmetry energy, the symmetry shear viscosity is defined and its density and temperature dependence are studied.

Xu, Jun

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Wind Turbine Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Turbine Basics Turbine Basics Wind Turbine Basics July 30, 2013 - 2:58pm Addthis Energy 101: Wind Turbines Basics This video explains the basics of how wind turbines operate to produce clean power from an abundant, renewable resource-the wind. Text Version Wind turbine assembly Although all wind turbines operate on similar principles, several varieties are in use today. These include horizontal axis turbines and vertical axis turbines. Horizontal Axis Turbines Horizontal axis turbines are the most common turbine configuration used today. They consist of a tall tower, atop which sits a fan-like rotor that faces into or away from the wind, a generator, a controller, and other components. Most horizontal axis turbines built today are two- or three-bladed. Horizontal axis turbines sit high atop towers to take advantage of the

251

EIA: Wind  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Technical information and data on the wind energy industry from the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA).

252

The Influence of Whitecapping Waves on the Vertical Structure of Turbulence in a Shallow Estuarine Embayment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The vertical distribution of the turbulent kinetic energy dissipation rate was measured using an array of four acoustic Doppler velocimeters in the shallow embayment of Grizzly Bay, San Francisco Bay, California. Owing to the combination of wind ...

Nicole L. Jones; Stephen G. Monismith

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Calculation of Consistent Flux and Advective Terms from Adjusted Vertical Profiles of Divergence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple framework is presented for adjusting the normal wind components in a polygon of data points which produces a vanishing vertical integral of horizontal divergence, allows correct calculation of flux and advective terms, and permits ...

John Molinari; Steven Skubis

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Characteristics of Vertical Velocity Fluctuations in a Convective Urban Boundary Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertical air motions within the convective boundary layer over Toronto, Canada, have been observed using a monostatic Doppler echosonde. Data were acquired on cloudless days with strong insolation and light winds, when turbulence dynamics were ...

Humfrey Melling; Roland List

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Analytical Expressions for Doppler Spectra of Scatter from Hydrometeors Observed with a Vertically Directed Radar Beam  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A generalized expression is derived for the correlation function of signals backscattered from hydrometeors observed with a vertically pointed radar beam in which particle size distribution, turbulence, and mean wind are not homogeneous. This ...

Ming Fang; Richard J. Doviak; Bruce A. Albrecht

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Vertical Motion Structure in Maritime continent mesoscale Convective Systems: Results from a 50-MHz Profiler  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wind profiler data wore used to determine the vertical motion structure in four tropical mcsoscale convective systems (MCSs), which occurred during the Down Under Doppler and Electricity Experiment (DUNDEE) near Darwin. Northern Territory, ...

Robert Cifelli; Steven A. Rutledge

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Energy age wind ltd Co KG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

age wind ltd Co KG age wind ltd Co KG Jump to: navigation, search Name energy-age-wind ltd & Co. KG Place Telgte, Germany Zip 48291 Sector Wind energy Product Energy-age-wind aims to develop small scale vertical-axis wind turbines. References energy-age-wind ltd & Co. KG[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. energy-age-wind ltd & Co. KG is a company located in Telgte, Germany . References ↑ "energy-age-wind ltd & Co. KG" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Energy_age_wind_ltd_Co_KG&oldid=344826" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version

258

ARM - Measurement - Vertical velocity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsVertical velocity govMeasurementsVertical velocity ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Vertical velocity The component of the velocity vector, along the local vertical. Categories Atmospheric State Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems ECOR : Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement System KAZR : Ka ARM Zenith Radar MMCR : Millimeter Wavelength Cloud Radar SODAR : Mini Sound Detection and Ranging

259

Vertically Rising Microstructure Profiler  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The vertically rising microstructure profiler was designed to measure temperature gradient and conductivity gradient microstructure in lakes, reservoirs and coastal seas. The instrument is totally independent of surface craft while collecting ...

G. D. Carter; J. Imberger

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Stability effects on the profiles of vertical velocity and its variance in katabatic flow  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The atmospheric katabatic flow in the foothills of the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains has been monitored by a network of towers and sodars for several years as part of the Atmospheric Studies in Complex Terrain (ASCOT) program. The dependence of the vertical component of motion, its variance, and the mean component of the wind perpendicular to the surface at the mouth of Coal Creek Canyon on surface cooling and channeling by winds above the canyon has been explored by using almost three years of data from the network. The magnitude of the near-surface temperature differences was found to decrease with increasing surface cooling in light winds, apparently because of increasing turbulence resulting when increasing winds interact with surface topography. The variance of vertical velocity exhibits three types of vertical profiles, corresponding to different cooling rates and external wind speeds. The mean variance was found to depend strongly on a locally derived Richardson number.

Coulter, R.L.; Martin, T.J.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical wind shear" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Wind Blog  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

wind-blog Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable wind-blog Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Forrestal Building 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 en Two Facilities, One Goal: Advancing America's Wind Industry http://energy.gov/eere/articles/two-facilities-one-goal-advancing-america-s-wind-industry wind-industry" class="title-link">Two Facilities, One Goal: Advancing America's Wind Industry

262

Wind energy conversion. Volume X. Aeroelastic stability of wind turbine rotor blades  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The nonlinear equations of motion of a general wind turbine rotor blade are derived from first principles. The twisted, tapered blade may be preconed out of the plane of rotation, and its root may be offset from the axis of rotation by a small amount. The aerodynamic center, center of mass, shear center, and area centroid are distinct in this derivation. The equations are applicable to studies of forced response or of aeroelastic flutter, however, neither gravity forcing, nor wind shear and gust forcing are included. The equations derived are applied to study the aeroelastic stability of the NASA-ERDA 100 kW wind turbine, and solved using the Galerkin method. The numerical results are used in conjunction with a mathematical comparison to prove the validity of an equivalent hinge model developed by the Wind Energy Conversion Project at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Wendell, J.

1978-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Wind turbine spoiler  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An aerodynamic spoiler system for a vertical axis wind turbine includes spoilers on the blades initially stored near the rotor axis to minimize drag. A solenoid latch adjacent the central support tower releases the spoilers and centrifugal force causes the spoilers to move up the turbine blades away from the rotor axis, thereby producing a braking effect and actual slowing of the associated wind turbine, if desired. The spoiler system can also be used as an infinitely variable power control by regulated movement of the spoilers on the blades over the range between the undeployed and fully deployed positions. This is done by the use of a suitable powered reel and cable located at the rotor tower to move the spoilers.

Sullivan, William N. (Albuquerque, NM)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Measurement of Vertical Kinetic Energy and Vertical Velocity Skewness in Oceanic Boundary Layers by Imperfectly Lagrangian Floats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of upward buoyancy on the accuracy with which Lagrangian floats can measure the Eulerian mean variance wwE and skewness SwE of vertical fluid velocity w in the wind-driven upper-ocean boundary layer is investigated using both ...

Ramsey R. Harcourt; Eric A. D’Asaro

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Towards a Wind Energy Climatology at Advanced Turbine Hub-Heights: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Measurements of wind characteristics over a wide range of heights up to and above 100 m are useful to: (1) characterize the local and regional wind climate; (2) validate wind resource estimates derived from numerical models; and (3) evaluate changes in wind characteristics and wind shear over the area swept by the blades. Developing wind climatology at advanced turbine hub heights for the United States benefits wind energy development. Tall tower data from Kansas, Indiana, and Minnesota (which have the greatest number of tall towers with measurement data) will be the focus of this paper. Analyses of data from the tall towers will start the process of developing a comprehensive climatology.

Schwartz, M.; Elliott, D.

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Helicity and Thermal Convection with Shear  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relations between nonlinear energy transport and helicity of the flow are studied through simulations of thermal convection with mean shear. Parallel-plate convection with a rotating mean shear, a linear undirectional shear, a parabolic ...

Wan-Shu Wu; Douglas K. Lilly; Robert M. Kerr

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Standards for Municipal Small Wind Regulations and Small Wind...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Standards for Municipal Small Wind Regulations and Small Wind Model Wind Ordinance Standards for Municipal Small Wind Regulations and Small Wind Model Wind Ordinance Eligibility...

268

Energy Basics: Wind Turbines  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Solar Wind Wind Turbines Wind Resources Wind Turbines...

269

Analysis of a Small, Vigorous Mesoscale Convective System in a Low-Shear Environment. Part II: Evolution of the Stratiform Precipitation and Mesoscale Flows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The evolution of the mesoscale flow and precipitation distribution are investigated for a small mesoscale convective system (MCS) that evolved in a nearly barotropic environment exhibiting moderate instability and weak wind shear. Observations ...

Kevin R. Knupp; Bart Geerts; John D. Tuttle

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

THE ATMOSPHERIC DYNAMICS MISSION FOR GLOBAL WIND FIELD MEASUREMENT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The prime aim of the Atmospheric Dynamics Mission is to demonstrate measurements of vertical wind profiles from space. Extensive studies conducted by the European Space Agency over the past 15 years have culminated in the selection of a high-...

Ad Stoffelen; Jean Pailleux; Erland Källén; J. Michael Vaughan; Lars Isaksen; Pierre Flamant; Werner Wergen; Erik Andersson; Harald Schyberg; Alain Culoma; Roland Meynart; Martin Endemann; Paul Ingmann

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Oceanic Quasi-geostrophic Turbulence Forced by Stochastic Wind Fluctuations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The quasi-geostrophic response to stochastic wind fluctuations is calculated using a doubly periodic nonlinear model, with a vertical resolution of three modes in most cases. The influence of various parameters on the response is investigated: ...

Anne Marie Treguier; Bach Lien Hua

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Temperature, Humidity, and Wind at the Global Tropopause  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study presents global statistics of tropopause parameters for a 15-yr period (1979–93). The parameters are height, temperature, potential temperature, mixing ratio of water vapor, and zonal, meridional and vertical wind. The global ...

Klaus P. Hoinka

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

NREL: Wind Research - Large Wind Turbine Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wind Research Search More Search Options Site Map Printable Version Large Wind Turbine Research NREL's utility scale wind system research addresses performance and...

274

Vertical Velocity Focus Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Velocity Focus Group Velocity Focus Group ARM 2008 Science Team Meeting Norfolk, VA March 10-14 Background Vertical velocity measurements have been at the top of the priority list of the cloud modeling community for some time. Doppler measurements from ARM profiling radars operating at 915-MHz, 35-GHz and 94-GHz have been largely unexploited. The purpose of this new focus group is to develop vertical velocity ARM products suitable for modelers. ARM response to their request has been slow. Most ARM instruments are suitable for cloud observations and have limited capabilities in precipitation Using ARM datasets for evaluating and improving cloud parameterization in global climate models (GCMs) is not straightforward, due to gigantic scale mismatches. Consider this... Looking only vertically drastically limits opportunities

275

Microsoft Word - WACM wind.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

WACM Wind Production WACM Wind Production Summary Overview October 2006 Summary by Joseph Liberatore 2 The following report is designed to give a graphical representation of the wind production on Western's transmission system in the Western Area Colorado/Missouri (WACM) control area for five (5) wind farms. A map and the general locations of the various farms is shown in figure A. Production output graphs of farms A, B, C, D and E were created to be read as follows The horizontal (X) axis is hour of day in military time and The vertical (Y) axis is month of year from January thru December, 1 thru 12 respectively. Color variations are to be interpreted as follows: Dark blue areas represent little or no wind production and are graduated to bright red which depict maximum wind farm output. All levels are normalized

276

Monthly Diurnal Global Atmospheric Circuit Estimates Derived from Vostok Electric Field Measurements Adjusted for Local Meteorological and Solar Wind Influences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Local temperature, wind speed, pressure, and solar wind–imposed influences on the vertical electric field observed at Vostok, Antarctica, are evaluated by multivariate analysis. Local meteorology can influence electric field measurements via local ...

G. B. Burns; B. A. Tinsley; A. V. Frank-Kamenetsky; O. A. Troshichev; W. J. R. French; A. R. Klekociuk

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

LIDAR Wind Speed Measurements of Evolving Wind Fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) systems are able to measure the speed of incoming wind before it interacts with a wind turbine rotor. These preview wind measurements can be used in feedforward control systems that are designed to reduce turbine loads. However, the degree to which such preview-based control techniques can reduce loads by reacting to turbulence depends on how accurately the incoming wind field can be measured. Past studies have assumed the validity of physicist G.I. Taylor's 1938 frozen turbulence hypothesis, which implies that turbulence remains unchanged as it advects downwind at the mean wind speed. With Taylor's hypothesis applied, the only source of wind speed measurement error is distortion caused by the LIDAR. This study introduces wind evolution, characterized by the longitudinal coherence of the wind, to LIDAR measurement simulations using the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL's) 5-megawatt turbine model to create a more realistic measurement model. A simple model of wind evolution was applied to a frozen wind field that was used in previous studies to investigate the effects of varying the intensity of wind evolution. LIDAR measurements were also evaluated using a large eddy simulation (LES) of a stable boundary layer that was provided by the National Center for Atmospheric Research. The LIDAR measurement scenario investigated consists of a hub-mounted LIDAR that scans a circle of points upwind of the turbine in order to estimate the wind speed component in the mean wind direction. Different combinations of the preview distance that is located upwind of the rotor and the radius of the scan circle were analyzed. It was found that the dominant source of measurement error for short preview distances is the detection of transverse and vertical wind speeds from the line-of-sight LIDAR measurement. It was discovered in previous studies that, in the absence of wind evolution, the dominant source of error for large preview distances is the spatial averaging caused by the LIDAR's sampling volume. However, by introducing wind evolution, the dominant source of error for large preview distances was found to be the coherence loss caused by evolving turbulence. Different measurement geometries were compared using the bandwidth for which the measurement coherence remained above 0.5 and also the area under the measurement coherence curve. Results showed that, by increasing the intensity of wind evolution, the measurement coherence decreases. Using the coherence bandwidth metric, the optimal preview distance for a fixed-scan radius remained almost constant for low and moderate amounts of wind evolution. For the wind field with the simple wind evolution model introduced, the optimal preview distance for a scan radius of 75% blade span (47.25 meters) was found to be 80 meters. Using the LES wind field, the optimal preview distance was 65 meters. When comparing scan geometries using the area under the coherence curve, results showed that, as the intensity of wind evolution increases, the optimal preview distance decreases.

Simley, E.; Pao, L. Y.; Kelley, N.; Jonkman, B.; Frehlich, R.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

TMA Global Wind Energy Systems | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TMA Global Wind Energy Systems TMA Global Wind Energy Systems Jump to: navigation, search Name TMA Global Wind Energy Systems Place Cheyenne, Wyoming Zip 82001 Sector Wind energy Product Involved in the development, manufacture, and marketing of vertical axis wind energy turbines and hybrid energy systems. References TMA Global Wind Energy Systems[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. TMA Global Wind Energy Systems is a company located in Cheyenne, Wyoming . References ↑ "TMA Global Wind Energy Systems" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=TMA_Global_Wind_Energy_Systems&oldid=352301" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations

279

Wind Mixing In a Turbulent Surface Layer in the Presence of a Horizontal Density Gradient  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effect of a horizontal density gradient of buoyancy on the turbulent kinetic energy budget of the surface mixed layer in the ocean is discussed. The combination of a horizontal buoyancy gradient and a vertical shear of the horizontal velocity ...

Johan Rodhe

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Observations of Shallow-Water Transport and Shear in Western Florida Bay  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Acoustic Doppler profiler (ADP) data are used to describe depth-integrated transport and vertical shear at two study sites along the open western boundary of Florida Bay. During a 404-day study period, transport was into the bay at the northern ...

Ned P. Smith

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical wind shear" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Risø–I–1206(EN) Wind Power Meteorology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract Wind power meteorology has evolved as an applied science, firmly founded on boundary-layer meteorology, but with strong links to climatology and geography. It concerns itself with three main areas: siting of wind turbines, regional wind resource assessment, and short-term prediction of the wind resource. The history, status and perspectives of wind power meteorology are presented, with emphasis on physical considerations and on its practical application. Following a global view of the wind resource, the elements of boundary layer meteorology which are most important for wind energy are reviewed: wind profiles and shear, turbulence and gust, and extreme winds. The data used in wind power meteorology stem mainly from three sources: onsite wind measurements, the synoptic networks, and the re-analysis projects. Wind climate analysis, wind resource estimation and siting further require a detailed description of the topography of the terrain – with respect to the roughness of the surface, near-by obstacles, and orographical features. Finally, the meteorological models used for estimation and prediction of the wind are described; their classification,

Erik L. Petersen; Niels G. Mortensen; Lars L; Jørgen Højstrup; Helmut P. Frank

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Wind Powering America: Wind Events  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

calendar.asp Lists upcoming wind calendar.asp Lists upcoming wind power-related events. en-us julie.jones@nrel.gov (Julie Jones) http://www.windpoweringamerica.gov/images/wpa_logo_sm.jpg Wind Powering America: Wind Events http://www.windpoweringamerica.gov/calendar.asp Pennsylvania Wind for Schools Educator Workshop https://www.regonline.com/builder/site/Default.aspx?EventID=1352684 http://www.windpoweringamerica.gov/filter_detail.asp?itemid=4068 Wed, 4 Dec 2013 00:00:00 MST 2014 Joint Action Workshop http://www.windpoweringamerica.gov/filter_detail.asp?itemid=3996 http://www.windpoweringamerica.gov/filter_detail.asp?itemid=3996 Mon, 21 Oct 2013 00:00:00 MST AWEA Wind Project Operations and Maintenance and Safety Seminar http://www.windpoweringamerica.gov/filter_detail.asp?itemid=4009 http://www.windpoweringamerica.gov/filter_detail.asp?itemid=4009 Mon, 21

283

Downslope Windstorms. Part II: Effect of External Wind Shear  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The nonlinear, two-dimensional, steady-state, mesoscale problem of a stable stratified airflow above a mountain ridge is considered. The influence of turbulence is disregarded. It is assumed that the atmosphere above this flow is neutral and ...

Lev N. Gutman; I. Apterman

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Waves on a Marine Inversion Undergoing Mountain Leeside Wind Shear  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inland penetration of a shallow layer of marine air is a common occurrence along the coast of southern California. The marine air generally is confined to the coastal basin by surrounding mountains and a capping inversion. Air above the inversion ...

William T. Sommers

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Budgets of Lineal and Nonlineal Turbulent Kinetic Energy under Strong Shear Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quasi-lineal “roll” coherent structures appear in a large eddy simulation of strong wind shear and moderate surface buoyancy flux. Unlike idealized two-dimensional roll vortices, these rolls are finite in length and vary in axial angle. Over a ...

John W. Glendening

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

The Key Role of Lower-Level Meridional Shear in Baroclinic Wave Life Cycles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A series of idealized nonlinear life cycle experiments is performed to compare changes in life cycle behavior caused by upper-level and near-surface meridional shear of the initial zonal wind. It is shown that both the eddy kinetic energy and the ...

Dennis L. Hartmann

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Shear shocks in fragile networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A minimal model for studying the mechanical properties of amorphous solids is a disordered network of point masses connected by unbreakable springs. At a critical value of its mean connectivity, such a network becomes fragile: it undergoes a rigidity transition signaled by a vanishing shear modulus and transverse sound speed. We investigate analytically and numerically the linear and non-linear visco-elastic response of these fragile solids by probing how shear fronts propagate through them. Our approach, that we tentatively label shear front rheology, provides an alternative route to standard oscillatory rheology. In the linear regime, we observe at late times a diffusive broadening of the fronts controlled by an effective shear viscosity that diverges at the critical point. No matter how small the microscopic coefficient of dissipation, strongly disordered networks behave as if they were over-damped because energy is irreversibly leaked into diverging non-affine fluctuations. Close to the transition, the regime of linear response becomes vanishingly small: the tiniest shear strains generate strongly non-linear shear shock waves qualitatively different from their compressional counterparts in granular media. The inherent non-linearities trigger an energy cascade from low to high frequency components that keep the network away from attaining the quasi-static limit. This mechanism, reminiscent of acoustic turbulence, causes a super-diffusive broadening of the shock width.

Stephan Ulrich; Nitin Upadhyaya; Bas van Opheusden; Vincenzo Vitelli

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

288

Retrieval of Microscale Wind and Temperature Fields from Single- and Dual-Doppler Lidar Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dual-Doppler lidar observations are used to assess the accuracy of single-Doppler retrievals of microscale wind and temperature fields in a shear-driven convective boundary layer. The retrieval algorithm, which is based on four-dimensional ...

Rob K. Newsom; David Ligon; Ron Calhoun; Rob Heap; Edward Cregan; Marko Princevac

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Jovian Winds from Voyager 2. Part II: Analysis of Eddy Transports  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous Voyager 1 and 2 Jovian circulation measurements exhibit a large positive correlation between eddy momentum transports and the meridional shear of the zonal wind component, implying a very large rate of conversion of eddy kinetic energy ...

L. A. Sromovsky; H. E. Revercomb; V. E. Suomi; S. S. Limaye; R. J. Krauss

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Analysis of In-Flight Winds for Shuttle Mission STS 51-L  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Television photos of smoke plumes an analyzed to estimate meridional wind shear on the space shuttle Challenger associated with the accident of Mission 51-L. Gust velocities were obtained by detailed examination of the debris trails. The shuttle ...

George H. Fichtl; Nathaniel D. Reynolds; Alan E. Johnston; Stanley I. Adelfang; Wade Batts; Larry Lott; Paul J. Meyer; Orvel E. Smith; Marion S. Swint; Otha H. Vaughan Jr.

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Extreme Winds and Wind Effects on Structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Extreme Winds and Wind Effects on Structures. Description/Summary: The Building and Fire Research Laboratory has an ...

2010-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

292

Advanced wind turbine near-term product development. Final technical report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In 1990 the US Department of Energy initiated the Advanced Wind Turbine (AWT) Program to assist the growth of a viable wind energy industry in the US. This program, which has been managed through the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in Golden, Colorado, has been divided into three phases: (1) conceptual design studies, (2) near-term product development, and (3) next-generation product development. The goals of the second phase were to bring into production wind turbines which would meet the cost goal of $0.05 kWh at a site with a mean (Rayleigh) windspeed of 5.8 m/s (13 mph) and a vertical wind shear exponent of 0.14. These machines were to allow a US-based industry to compete domestically with other sources of energy and to provide internationally competitive products. Information is given in the report on design values of peak loads and of fatigue spectra and the results of the design process are summarized in a table. Measured response is compared with the results from mathematical modeling using the ADAMS code and is discussed. Detailed information is presented on the estimated costs of maintenance and on spare parts requirements. A failure modes and effects analysis was carried out and resulted in approximately 50 design changes including the identification of ten previously unidentified failure modes. The performance results of both prototypes are examined and adjusted for air density and for correlation between the anemometer site and the turbine location. The anticipated energy production at the reference site specified by NREL is used to calculate the final cost of energy using the formulas indicated in the Statement of Work. The value obtained is $0.0514/kWh in January 1994 dollars. 71 figs., 30 tabs.

None

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Wind Energy Leasing Handbook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wind Energy Leasing Handbook Wind Energy Leasing Handbook E-1033 Oklahoma Cooperative Extension?..................................................................................................................... 31 What do wind developers consider in locating wind energy projects?............................................................................................ 37 How do companies and individuals invest in wind energy projects?....................................................................

Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

294

Composite Vertical Structure of Vertical Velocity in Nonprecipitating Cumulus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertical transects of Doppler vertical velocity data, obtained from an airborne profiling millimeter-wave cloud radar, are composited for a large number of cumulus clouds (Cu) at various stages of their life cycle, to examine typical circulations ...

Yonggang Wang; Bart Geerts

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Wind Monitoring Report for Fort Wainwright's Donnelly Training Area  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Using the wind data collected at a location in Fort Wainwright’s Donnelly Training Area (DTA) near the Cold Regions Test Center (CRTC) test track, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) estimated the gross and net energy productions that proposed turbine models would have produced exposed to the wind resource measured at the meteorological tower (met tower) location during the year of measurement. Calculations are based on the proposed turbine models’ standard atmospheric conditions power curves, the annual average wind speeds, wind shear estimates, and standard industry assumptions.

Orrell, Alice C.; Dixon, Douglas R.

2011-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

296

Wind Powering America: New England Wind Forum  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

About the New England Wind Forum About the New England Wind Forum New England Wind Energy Education Project Historic Wind Development in New England State Activities Projects in New England Building Wind Energy in New England Wind Resource Wind Power Technology Economics Markets Siting Policy Technical Challenges Issues Small Wind Large Wind Newsletter Perspectives Events Quick Links to States CT MA ME NH RI VT Bookmark and Share The New England Wind Forum was conceived in 2005 as a platform to provide a single, comprehensive and objective source of up-to-date, Web-based information on a broad array of wind-energy-related issues pertaining to New England. The New England Wind Forum provides information to wind energy stakeholders through Web site features, periodic newsletters, and outreach activities. The New England Wind Forum covers the most frequently discussed wind energy topics.

297

Effects of Changing Atmospheric Conditions on Wind Turbine Performance (Poster)  

SciTech Connect

Multi-megawatt, utility-scale wind turbines operate in turbulent and dynamic winds that impact turbine performance in ways that are gradually becoming better understood. This poster presents a study made using a turbulent flow field simulator (TurbSim) and a Turbine aeroelastic simulator (FAST) of the response of a generic 1.5 MW wind turbine to changing inflow. The turbine power output is found to be most sensitive to wind speed and turbulence intensity, but the relationship depends on the wind speed with respect to the turbine's rated wind speed. Shear is found to be poorly correlated to power. A machine learning method called 'regression trees' is used to create a simple model of turbine performance that could be used as part of the wind resource assessment process. This study has used simple flow fields and should be extended to more complex flows, and validated with field observations.

Clifton, A.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Pierre's Prototype for Wind and Solar - Capitol Lake Plaza | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pierre's Prototype for Wind and Solar - Capitol Lake Plaza Pierre's Prototype for Wind and Solar - Capitol Lake Plaza Pierre's Prototype for Wind and Solar - Capitol Lake Plaza June 3, 2010 - 3:22pm Addthis Lindsay Gsell What are the key facts? 80 photovoltaic (PV) solar energy system and two vertical wind turbines will produce up to 40 percent of the building's total energy usage Capitol Lake Plaza sits centrally on Pierre, S.D.'s government plaza. Originally built in 1974, the building has been undergoing major energy renovations since being purchased by the state two years ago. Two major components of the renovation are about to appear at the building's highest point: solar panels and wind turbines are being installed on the roof. The 80 photovoltaic (PV) solar energy system and two vertical wind turbines will produce up to 40 percent of the building's total energy usage, says

299

Anomalous shear wave attenuation in the shallow crust beneath the Coso  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Anomalous shear wave attenuation in the shallow crust beneath the Coso Anomalous shear wave attenuation in the shallow crust beneath the Coso volcanic region, California Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Anomalous shear wave attenuation in the shallow crust beneath the Coso volcanic region, California Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: We use seismograms of local earthquakes to image relative shear wave attenuation structure in the shallow crust beneath the region containing the Coso volcanic-geothermal area of eastern California. SV and P wave amplitudes were measured from vertical component seismograms of earthquakes that occurred in the Coso-southern Sierra Nevada region from July 1983 to 1985. Seismograms of 16 small earthquakes show SV amplitudes which are greatly diminished at some azimuths and takeoff angles,

300

A Case for Including Atmospheric Thermodynamic Variables in Wind Turbine Fatigue Loading Parameter Identification  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper makes the case for establishing efficient predictor variables for atmospheric thermodynamics that can be used to statistically correlate the fatigue accumulation seen on wind turbines. Recently, two approaches to this issue have been reported. One uses multiple linear-regression analysis to establish the relative causality between a number of predictors related to the turbulent inflow and turbine loads. The other approach, using many of the same predictors, applies the technique of principal component analysis. An examination of the ensemble of predictor variables revealed that they were all kinematic in nature; i.e., they were only related to the description of the velocity field. Boundary-layer turbulence dynamics depends upon a description of the thermal field and its interaction with the velocity distribution. We used a series of measurements taken within a multi-row wind farm to demonstrate the need to include atmospheric thermodynamic variables as well as velocity-related ones in the search for efficient turbulence loading predictors in various turbine-operating environments. Our results show that a combination of vertical stability and hub-height mean shearing stress variables meet this need over a period of 10 minutes.

Kelley, N. D.

1999-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical wind shear" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Wind News  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

news Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable news Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Forrestal Building 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 en New Report Shows Trend Toward Larger Offshore Wind Systems, with 11 Advanced Stage Projects Proposed in U.S. Waters http://energy.gov/eere/articles/new-report-shows-trend-toward-larger-offshore-wind-systems-11-advanced-stage-projects wind-systems-11-advanced-stage-projects" class="title-link">New Report Shows Trend Toward Larger Offshore Wind Systems, with 11 Advanced Stage Projects Proposed in U.S. Waters

302

Wind Power  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power As the accompanying map of New Mexico shows, the best wind power generation potential near WIPP is along the Delaware Mountain ridge line of the southern Guadalupe Mountains,...

303

Balancing of Wind Power.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? In the future, renewable energy share, especially wind power share, in electricity generation is expected to increase. Due to nature of the wind, wind… (more)

Ülker, Muhammed Akif

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

New England Wind Forum: Wind Power Technology  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Wind Power Technology Wind Power Technology Modern wind turbines have become sophisticated power plants while the concept of converting wind energy to electrical energy remains quite simple. Follow these links to learn more about the science behind wind turbine technology. Wind Power Animation An image of a scene from the wind power animation. The animation shows how moving air rotates a wind turbine's blades and describes how the internal components work to produce electricity. It shows small and large wind turbines and the differences between how they are used, as stand alone or connected to the utility grid. How Wind Turbines Work Learn how wind turbines make electricity; what are the types, sizes, and applications of wind turbines; and see an illustration of the components inside a wind turbine.

305

NREL: Wind Research - Wind Resource Assessment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wind Resource Assessment Wind Resource Assessment A map of the United States is color-coded to indicate the high winds at 80 meters. This map shows the wind resource at 80 meters for both land-based and offshore wind resources in the United States. Correct estimation of the energy available in the wind can make or break the economics of wind plant development. Wind mapping and validation techniques developed at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) along with collaborations with U.S. companies have produced high-resolution maps of the United States that provide wind plant developers with accurate estimates of the wind resource potential. State Wind Maps International Wind Resource Maps Dynamic Maps, GIS Data, and Analysis Tools Due to the existence of special use airspace (SUA) (i.e., military airspace

306

Wind-Stress Coefficients at Light Winds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increase of the wind-stress coefficient with wind velocity was found to start with winds as light as 3 m s?1, below which, following the formula for aerodynamically smooth flows, the wind-stress coefficient decreases as the wind velocity ...

Jin Wu

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Effect of winglets on a vertical-axis wind turbine.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??An helical rotor blade configuration, made of a NACA 0021 airfoil, is defined and three candidate winglets, characterized by a wingtip extension of 1.00 blade… (more)

Gasparoni, Lorenzo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Measurements of the Vertical Acceleration in Wind Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent theoretical studies of the accelerations in regular gravity waves of finite steepness have shown striking differences between the Eulerian and the Lagrangian accelerations (those measured by fixed instruments or freely floating instruments,...

J. A. Ewing; M. S. Longuet-Higgins; M. A. Srokosz

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

A General Method for Fatigue Analysis of Vertical Axis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The fatigue life of wind turbine blades that are exposed to the random loading environment of atmospheric winds is described with random data analysis procedures. The incident wind speed and the stresses caused by these winds are expressed in terms of probability density functions, while the fatigue life vs stress level relationship is treated deterministically. This approach uses a "damage density function" to express fatigue damage as a function of wind speed. By examining the constraints on the variables in the damage density expression, some generalizations of the wind turbine fatigue problem are obtained. The area under the damage density function is inversely related to total fatigue life. Therefore, an increase in fatigue life caused by restricted operation in certain wind regimes is readily visualized. An "on parameter", which is the percentage of total time at each wind speed that the turbine actually operates, is introduced for this purpose. An example calculation is presented using data acquired from the DOE 100-kW turbine program. *This work was performed at Sandia National Laboratories and was supported by the US Department of Energy under Contract Number DE-AC04-76DP00789. Acknowledgments The calculations required to produce the figures in this paper would not have been possible without the work of Jerry McNerney and Tim Leonard in developing the AUTOSYM computer simulation, The efforts of Nolan Clark and Ron Davis in collecting data for the DOE 100-kW turbine at the USDA station in Bushland, TX are greatly appreciated. of Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Blades

Paul S. Veers

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Frontal Instability in a Sheared Basic State  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A two-layer frontal model is adapted to investigate the stability of fronts in the presence of potential vorticity (PV) anomalies corresponding to cross-front shear of the mean alongfront flow. Introducing shear modifies the unstable baroclinic ...

Douglas M. Sinton; William D. Heise

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Elastic Turbulence in Shear Banding Wormlike Micelles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the dynamics of the Taylor-Couette flow of shear banding wormlike micelles. We focus on the high shear rate branch of the flow curve and show that for sufficiently high Weissenberg numbers, this branch becomes ...

Fardin, Marc-Antoine

312

Kinematics of compressional and extensional ductile shearing...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the northeastern basin and range Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Analysis of shear criteria enables the kinematics of two main ductile-shearing events (D1...

313

Inflow Turbulence Energy and its Spatial Distribution on a Wind Turbine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inflow Turbulence Energy and its Spatial Distribution on a Wind Turbine Christopher Wright Dr caused the most variability of turbulence energy while high wind shear exponents caused the least........................................................................................................................ 18 #12;Completion report on our project to empirically evaluate energy distribution in unique spatial

Manuel, Lance

314

New England Wind Forum: Wind Power Economics  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

State Activities Projects in New England Building Wind Energy in New England Wind Resource Wind Power Technology Economics Cost Components Determining Factors Influencing Wind Economics in New England How does wind compare to the cost of other electricity options? Markets Siting Policy Technical Challenges Issues Small Wind Large Wind Newsletter Perspectives Events Quick Links to States CT MA ME NH RI VT Bookmark and Share Wind Power Economics Long-Term Cost Trends Since the first major installations of commercial-scale wind turbines in the 1980s, the cost of energy from wind power projects has decreased substantially due to larger turbine generators, towers, and rotor lengths; scale economies associated with larger projects; improvements in manufacturing efficiency, and technological advances in turbine generator and blade design. These technological advances have allowed for higher generating capacities per turbine and more efficient capture of wind, especially at lower wind speeds.

315

New England Wind Forum: Large Wind  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Small Wind Small Wind Large Wind Newsletter Perspectives Events Quick Links to States CT MA ME NH RI VT Bookmark and Share Large Wind When establishing wind farms, wind energy developers generally approach landowners where they want to build. Interest in wind farms is frequently spurred by external pressures such as tax and other financial incentives and legislative mandates. Since each situation is influenced by local policies and permitting, we can only provide general guidance to help you learn about the process of installing wind turbines. Publications Wind Project Development Process Permitting of Wind Energy Facilities: A Handbook. (August 2002). National Wind Coordinating Collaborative. Landowner Frequently Asked Questions and Answers. (August 2003). "State Wind Working Group Handbook." pp. 130-133.

316

NREL: Wind Research - International Wind Resource Maps  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wind Resource Maps NREL is helping to develop high-resolution projections of wind resources worldwide. This allows for more accurate siting of wind turbines and has led to the...

317

NREL: Wind Research - Wind Project Development Updates  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wind Project Development Updates A 2.3 megawatt Siemens wind turbine nacelle on route to the Record Hill Wind project in Roxbury, Maine. January 14, 2013 As a result of the...

318

Wind turbine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A wind turbine of the type having an airfoil blade (15) mounted on a flexible beam (20) and a pitch governor (55) which selectively, torsionally twists the flexible beam in response to wind turbine speed thereby setting blade pitch, is provided with a limiter (85) which restricts unwanted pitch change at operating speeds due to torsional creep of the flexible beam. The limiter allows twisting of the beam by the governor under excessive wind velocity conditions to orient the blades in stall pitch positions, thereby preventing overspeed operation of the turbine. In the preferred embodiment, the pitch governor comprises a pendulum (65,70) which responds to changing rotor speed by pivotal movement, the limiter comprising a resilient member (90) which engages an end of the pendulum to restrict further movement thereof, and in turn restrict beam creep and unwanted blade pitch misadjustment.

Cheney, Jr., Marvin C. (Glastonbury, CT)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

IMPROVEMENT OF THE WIND FARM MODEL FLAP FOR OFFSHORE APPLICATIONS Bernhard Lange(1), Hans-Peter Waldl(1)(2), Rebecca Barthelmie(3), Algert Gil Guerrero(1)(4), Detlev Heinemann(1)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vindeby. Vertical wake profiles and mean turbulence intensities in the wake were compared for 32 scenarios. Additionally, an estimation of turbulence intensity in the wind farm is essential for the load assumptions used in the description of the ambient vertical wind speed profile, but most importantly it leads to a low and wind speed

320

Topic: Wind Engineering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Topic: Wind Engineering. Forty-Fourth Meeting of the UJNR Panel on Wind and Seismic Effects. NIST researchers collected ...

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical wind shear" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Extreme Wind Speeds: Publications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... "Algorithms for Generating Large Sets of Synthetic Directional Wind Speed Data for Hurricane, Thunderstorm, and Synoptic Winds," NIST Technical ...

2013-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

322

High Resolution Atmospheric Modeling for Wind Energy Applications  

SciTech Connect

The ability of the WRF atmospheric model to forecast wind speed over the Nysted wind park was investigated as a function of time. It was found that in the time period we considered (August 1-19, 2008), the model is able to predict wind speeds reasonably accurately for 48 hours ahead, but that its forecast skill deteriorates rapidly after 48 hours. In addition, a preliminary analysis was carried out to investigate the impact of vertical grid resolution on the forecast skill. Our preliminary finding is that increasing vertical grid resolution does not have a significant impact on the forecast skill of the WRF model over Nysted wind park during the period we considered. Additional simulations during this period, as well as during other time periods, will be run in order to validate the results presented here. Wind speed is a difficult parameter to forecast due the interaction of large and small length scale forcing. To accurately forecast the wind speed at a given location, the model must correctly forecast the movement and strength of synoptic systems, as well as the local influence of topography / land use on the wind speed. For example, small deviations in the forecast track or strength of a large-scale low pressure system can result in significant forecast errors for local wind speeds. The purpose of this study is to provide a preliminary baseline of a high-resolution limited area model forecast performance against observations from the Nysted wind park. Validating the numerical weather prediction model performance for past forecasts will give a reasonable measure of expected forecast skill over the Nysted wind park. Also, since the Nysted Wind Park is over water and some distance from the influence of terrain, the impact of high vertical grid spacing for wind speed forecast skill will also be investigated.

Simpson, M; Bulaevskaya, V; Glascoe, L; Singer, M

2010-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

323

Wind Tunnel Study of Turbulent Flow Structure in the Convective Boundary Layer Capped by a Temperature Inversion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experiments on simulating the atmospheric convective boundary layer (CBL), capped by a temperature inversion and affected by surface shear, were carried out in the thermally stratified wind tunnel of the Institute of Hydrology and Water Resources,...

Evgeni Fedorovich; Rolf Kaiser; Matthias Rau; Erich Plate

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

The Gust-Front Detection and Wind-Shift Algorithms for the Terminal Doppler Weather Radar System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Federal Aviation Administration's Terminal Doppler Weather Radar (TDWR) system was primarily designed to address the operational needs of pilots in the avoidance of low-altitude wind shears upon takeoff and landing at airports. One of the ...

Laurie G. Hermes; Arthur Witt; Steven D. Smith; Diana Klingle-Wilson; Dale Morris; Gregory J. Stumpf; Michael D. Eilts

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

NREL: Wind Research - Offshore Wind Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Options Site Map Printable Version Offshore Standards and Testing NREL's Offshore Wind Testing Capabilities 35 years of wind turbine testing experience Custom high speed data...

326

Wind lift generator  

SciTech Connect

A wind lift generator includes a housing structure formed by a pair of spaced apart plates mounted on support structure for pivotal rotation about a vertical axis at the forward end thereof for orienting into the wind, and said plates supporting a plurality of coaxially disposed sprockets arranged to support a pair of spaced apart drive chains in a quadrilateral configuration with lift foils connected and supported between the chains with the quadrilateral chain configuration supporting the chain for an initial lift mode at the forward end of the housing, followed by a direct impact mode extending from the front of the housing upward and backward to the rear of the housing and a negative lift mode extending from the top rear of the housing to the bottom with the vanes returning via a neutral mode to the front of the housing for repeating the lift cycle. A suitable electrical generator is driven from one or more shafts of the assembly driven by the drive chains.

Herman, G. R.; Martin, W. A.

1985-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

327

An Analysis of the Kinetic Energy Budget for Two Extratropical Cyclones: The Vertically Averaged Flow and the Vertical Shear Flow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analysis of the kinetic energy budget is made for two intensely developing cyclones over North America. The principal kinetic energy source for the first cyclone is the net horizontal transport of kinetic energy across the boundaries of the ...

Jordan C. Alpert

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

NREL: Wind Research - Small Wind Turbine Development  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Small Wind Turbine Development Small Wind Turbine Development A photo of Southwest Windpower's Skystream wind turbine in front of a home. PIX14936 Southwest Windpower's Skystream wind turbine. A photo of the Endurance wind turbine. PIX15006 The Endurance wind turbine. A photo of the Atlantic Orient Corporation 15/50 wind turbine at the National Wind Technology Center. PIX07301 The Atlantic Orient Corporation 15/50 wind turbine at the National Wind Technology Center. NREL supports continued market expansion of small wind turbines by funding manufacturers through competitive solicitations (i.e., subcontracts and/or grants) to refine prototype systems leading to commercialization. Learn more about the turbine development projects below. Skystream NREL installed and tested an early prototype of this turbine at the

329

NREL: Wind Research - Small Wind Turbine Webinars  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Small Wind Turbine Webinars Small Wind Turbine Webinars Here you will find webinars about small wind turbines that NREL hosted. Introducing WindLease(tm): Making Wind Energy Affordable NREL and the American Solar Energy Society (ASES) Wind Division co-hosted this webinar. (Text Version.) Date: August 1, 2013 Run Time: 40 minutes Joe Hess, VP of Business Development at United Wind, described United Wind's WindQuote and WindLease Program and explained the process from the dealer's and consumer's perspective. Texas Renewable Energy Industries Association NREL and the American Solar Energy Society (ASES) Wind Division co-hosted this webinar. (Text Version). Date: March 7, 2013 Run Time: 1 hour Russel Smith, Texas Renewable Energy Industries Association executive director and co-founder, provided an overview of the trade association

330

New England Wind Forum: Small Wind  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Wind for Schools Project Funding Case Studies: Thomas Harrison Middle School, Virginia Wind for Schools Project Funding Case Studies: Thomas Harrison Middle School, Virginia August 26, 2013 Workshop Explores Information's Role in Wind Project Siting: A Wind Powering America Success Story November 19, 2012 More News Subscribe to News Updates Events Renewable Energy Market Update Webinar January 29, 2014 Strategic Energy Planning: Webinar February 26, 2014 Introduction to Wind Systems March 10, 2014 More Events Publications 2012 Market Report on Wind Technologies in Distributed Applications August 12, 2013 More Publications Features Sign up for the New England Wind Forum Newsletter. New England Wind Forum About the New England Wind Forum New England Wind Energy Education Project Historic Wind Development in New England State Activities Projects in New England

331

An investigation of wind loads on solar collectors. Appendix II - net pressure coefficients. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A wind-tunnel study of a series of model solar-collector installations (flat-plate collectors) immersed in a thick turbulent shear layer was undertaken in order to determine design wind loads on such installations. Wind tunnel measurements were made of the mean and fluctuating pressures on a model of a single flat-plate collector which was a component of different multi-panel installations. The pressures were spatially integrated over the top and bottom of the single collector separately.

Tieleman, H.W.; Akins, R.E.; Sparks, P.R.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Apparatus for shearing spent nuclear fuel assemblies  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are described for shearing spent nuclear fuel assemblies of the type comprising an array of fuel pins disposed within an outer metal shell or shroud. A spent fuel assembly is first compacted in a known manner and then incrementally sheared using fixed and movable shear blades having matched laterally projecting teeth which slidably intermesh to provide the desired shearing action. Incremental advancement of the fuel assembly after each shear cycle is limited to a distance corresponding to the lateral projection of the teeth to ensure fuel assembly breakup into small uniform segments which are amenable to remote chemical processing.

Weil, Bradley S. (Knoxville, TN); Metz, III, Curtis F. (Knoxville, TN)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Controlled shear/tension fixture  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A test fixture for simultaneously testing two material test samples is provided. The fixture provides substantially equal shear and tensile stresses in each test specimens. By gradually applying a load force to the fixture only one of the two specimens fractures. Upon fracture of the one specimen, the fixture and the load train lose contact and the second specimen is preserved in a state of upset just prior to fracture. Particular advantages of the fixture are (1) to control the tensile to shear load on the specimen for understanding the effect of these stresses on the deformation behavior of advanced materials, (2) to control the location of fracture for accessing localized material properties including the variation of the mechanical properties and residual stresses across the thickness of advanced materials, (3) to yield a fractured specimen for strength measurement and an unfractured specimen for examining the microstructure just prior to fracture.

Hsueh, Chun-Hway (Knoxville, TN); Liu, Chain-tsuan (Knoxville, TN); George, Easo P. (Knoxville, TN)

2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

334

Determination of the Rate of Dissipation of Turbulent Energy from Simultaneous Temperature and Velocity Shear Microstructure Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spectra of turbulence have been examined for both temperature gradient and velocity shear. The data for this comparison are 10–15 m segments of vertical microstructure profiles (at depths of 5–100 m) obtained during the 1978 Joint Air Sea ...

N. S. Oakey

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Importance of Thermal Effects and Sea Surface Roughness for Offshore Wind Resource Assessment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The economic feasibility of offshore wind power utilisation depends on the favourable wind conditions offshore as compared to sites on land. The higher wind speeds have to compensate the additional cost of offshore developments. However, not only the mean wind speed is different, but the whole flow regime, as can e.g. be seen in the vertical wind speed profile. The commonly used models to describe this profile have been developed mainly for land sites. Their applicability for wind power prediction at offshore sites is investigated using data from the measurement program Rdsand, located in the Danish Baltic Sea.

Bernhard Lange; Søren Larsen; Jørgen Højstrup Rebecca Barthelmie; Jørgen Højstrup; Rebecca Barthelmie; Bernhard Lange

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

An investigation of wind loads on solar collectors. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A wind-tunnel study of a series of model solar-collector installations (flat-plate collectors) immersed in a thick turbulent shear layer was undertaken in order to determine design wind loads on such installations. Wind tunnel measurements were made of the mean and fluctuating pressures on a model of a single flat-plate collector which was a component of different multi-panel installations. The pressures were spatially integrated over the top and bottom surface of the single collector separately.

Tieleman, H.W.; Akins, R.E.; Sparks, P.R.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

The Descent Rates of the Shear Zones of the Equatorial QBO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influence of vertical advection on the descent rate of the zero-wind line in both phases of the equatorial quasi-biennial oscillation (QBO) is investigated with the help of the “THIN AIR” stratosphere two-and-a-half-dimensional model. The ...

Jonathan S. Kinnersley; Steven Pawson

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Utility Wind Integration Group Distributed Wind/Solar Interconnection...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Utility Wind Integration Group Distributed WindSolar Interconnection Workshop Utility Wind Integration Group Distributed WindSolar Interconnection Workshop May 21, 2013 8:00AM...

339

The Wind Energy Outlook Scenarios 1 India Wind Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 ?Status of wind energy in India ????????????????????6 Wind energy in India????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????7 Wind power resource assessment?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????6 Wind power installations by state?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????8

unknown authors

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Wind loading on solar collectors  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The present design methodology for the determination of wind loading on the various solar collectors has been reviewed and assessed. The total force coefficients of flat plates of aspect ratios 1.0 and 3.0, respectively, at various angles of attack obtained by using the guidelines of the ANSI A58.1-1982, have been compared with those obtained by using the methodology of the ASCE Task Committee, 1961, and the experimental results of the full-scale test of heliostats by Peglow. The turbulent energy spectra, currently employed in the building code, are compared with those of Kaimal et al., Lumley, and Ponofsky for wind velocities of 20.0 m/s and 40.24 m/s at an elevation of 9.15 m. The longitudinal spectra of the building code overestimates the Kaimal spectra in the frequency range of 0.007 Hz to 0.08 Hz and underestimates beyond the frequency of 0.08 Hz. The peak angles of attack, on the heliostat, stowed in horizontal position, due to turbulent vertical and lateral components of wind velocity, have been estimated by using Daniel's methodology for three wind velocities and compared with the value suggested by the code. The experimental results of a simple test in the laboratory indicate the feasibility of decreasing the drag forces of the flat plate by reducing the solidity ratio.

Bhaduri, S.; Murphy, L.M.

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical wind shear" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

NREL: Wind Research - Site Wind Resource Characteristics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Site Wind Resource Characteristics Site Wind Resource Characteristics A graphic showing the location of National Wind Technology Center and its wind power class 2. Click on the image to view a larger version. Enlarge image This graphic shows the wind power class at the National Wind Technology Center. You can download a printable copy. The National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) is on the Great Plains just miles from the Rocky Mountains. The site is flat and covered with short grasses. The terrain and lack of obstructions make the site highly suitable for testing wind turbines. Take a tour of the NWTC and its facilities to better understand its location and layout. Another prime feature of the NWTC is the strong directionality of the wind - most of the strong winds come within a few degrees of 285°. West of

342

NREL: Wind Research - Offshore Wind Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Offshore Wind Research Offshore Wind Research Photo of a European offshore wind farm. Early progress in European Offshore Wind Energy over the last decade provides a glimpse into the vast potential of the global offshore resource. For more than eight years, NREL has worked with the Department of Energy to become an international leader in offshore wind energy research. Capabilities NREL's offshore wind capabilities focus on critical areas that reflect the long-term needs of the offshore wind energy industry and the U.S. Department of Energy including: Offshore Design Tools and Methods Offshore Standards and Testing Energy Analysis of Offshore Systems Offshore Wind Resource Characterization Grid Integration of Offshore Wind Key Research NREL documented the status of offshore wind energy in the United States in

343

Reversible shear thickening at low shear rates of electrorheological fluids under electric fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shear thickening is a phenomenon of significant viscosity increase of colloidal suspensions. While electrorheological (ER) fluids can be turned into a solid-like material by applying an electric field, their shear strength is widely represented by the attractive electrostatic interaction between ER particles. By shearing ER fluids between two concentric cylinders, we show a reversible shear thickening of ER fluids above a low critical shear rate (electric field strength (>100 V/mm), which could be characterized by a modified Mason number. Shear thickening and electrostatic particle interaction-induced inter-particle friction forces is considered to be the real origin of the high shear strength of ER fluids, while the applied electric field controls the extent of shear thickening. The electric field-controlled reversible shear thickening has implications for high-performance ER/magnetorheological (MR) fluid design, clutch fluids with high friction forces triggered by applying local electric field, other field-responsive materials and intelligent systems.

Yu Tian; Minliang Zhang; Jile Jiang; Noshir Pesika; Hongbo Zeng; Jacob Israelachvili; Yonggang Meng; Shizhu Wen

2010-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

344

Steel Plate Shear Walls: Efficient Structural Solution for Slender High-Rise in China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 329.6 meter tall 74-story Jinta Tower in Tianjin, China, is expected, when complete, to be the tallest building in the world with slender steel plate shear walls used as the primary lateral load resisting system. The tower has an overall aspect ratio close to 1:8, and the main design challenge was to develop an efficient lateral system capable of resisting significant wind and seismic lateral loads, while simultaneously keeping wind induced oscillations under acceptable perception limits. This paper describes the process of selection of steel plate shear walls as the structural system, and presents the design philosophy, criteria and procedures that were arrived at by integrating the relevant requirements and recommendations of US and Chinese codes and standards, and current on-going research.

Mathias, Neville; Long, Eric [Skidmore, Owings and Merrill LLP, One Front Street, San Francisco, CA 94111 (United States); Sarkisian, Mark [Skidmore, Owings and Merrill LLP, One Front Street, San Francisco, CA 94111 (United States); Huang Zhihui [Skidmore, Owings and Merrill LLP, One Front Street, San Francisco, CA 94111 (United States)

2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

345

Energy Basics: Wind Power Animation  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Solar Wind Wind Turbines Wind Resources Wind Power...

346

Energy Basics: Wind Energy Resources  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Solar Wind Wind Turbines Wind Resources Wind Energy...

347

Energy Basics: Wind Energy Technologies  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Solar Wind Wind Turbines Wind Resources Wind Energy...

348

Energy Basics: Wind Energy Technologies  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Photo of a hilly field, with six visible wind turbines spinning in the wind. Wind energy technologies use the energy in wind for practical purposes such as generating...

349

Solar Wind | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name Solar Wind Place Krasnodar, Romania Zip 350000 Sector Solar, Wind energy Product Russia-based PV product manufacturer. Solar Wind manufactures...

350

EERE: Wind Program Home Page  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

wind projects and offshore wind resource potential. Offshore Wind R&D DOE makes strategic research & deployment investments to launch domestic offshore wind industry....

351

2011 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A. 2010. Impact of Wind Energy Installations on DomesticUniversity. American Wind Energy Association (AWEA). 2012a.D.C. : American Wind Energy Association. American Wind

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

2011 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and K. Porter. 2011. Wind Power and Electricity Markets.41 6. Wind Power Priceat Various Levels of Wind Power Capacity Penetration Wind

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Horizon Wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) does not have regulatory authority specific to wind power development at this time. WDFW is an agency with environmental expertise as provided for through the Washington Administrative Code (WAC) 197-11-920. Comments related to environmental impacts are provided to regulatory authorities through the State Environmental Policy Act (SEPA) Revised Code of Washington (RCW) 43.21C review process.

Cover Photo; Nina Carter; Heath Packard; Lisa Paribello; Craig Dublanko; Dana Peck; Nicole Hughes; Bill Robinson; Robert Kruse; Arlo Corwin; Joe Buchanan; Ted Clausing; Eric Cummins; Travis Nelson; Eric Pentico; Mike Ritter; Jeff Tayer; James Watson; William Weiler; David Mcclure

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

A Ventilation Index for Tropical Cyclones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An important environmental control of both tropical cyclone intensity and genesis is vertical wind shear. One hypothesized pathway by which vertical shear affects tropical cyclones is midlevel ventilation—or the flux of ...

Tang, Brian

355

Real-time wind turbine emulator suitable for power quality and dynamic control studies, MASc Thesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract — Wind turbines are increasingly becoming significant components of power systems. To evaluate competing wind energy conversion technologies, a real-time Wind Turbine Emulator, which emulates the dynamic torque produced by an actual turbine has been developed. This is necessary since the real world performance of a wind turbine, subjected to variable wind conditions is more difficult to evaluate than a standard turbine generator system operating in near steady state. This emulator is capable of reproducing both the static and dynamic torque of an actual wind turbine. It models the torque oscillations caused by wind shear, tower shadow, and the obvious pulsations caused by variable wind speed. Also included are the dynamic effects of a large turbine inertia. This emulator will allow testing without the costly construction of the actual turbine blades and tower to determine the strengths and weaknesses of competing energy conversion and control technologies.

Dale S. L. Dolan; Student Member; P. W. Lehn; Member Ieee

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

NREL: Wind Research - Information and Outreach  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

small wind systems. Printable Version Wind Research Home Capabilities Projects Offshore Wind Research Large Wind Turbine Research Midsize Wind Turbine Research Small Wind Turbine...

357

Limits to the power density of very large wind farms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A simple analysis is presented concerning an upper limit of the power density (power per unit land area) of a very large wind farm located at the bottom of a fully developed boundary layer. The analysis suggests that the limit of the power density is about 0.38 times $\\tau_{w0}U_{F0}$, where $\\tau_{w0}$ is the natural shear stress on the ground (that is observed before constructing the wind farm) and $U_{F0}$ is the natural or undisturbed wind speed averaged across the height of the farm to be constructed. Importantly, this implies that the maximum extractable power from such a very large wind farm will not be proportional to the cubic of the wind speed at the farm height, or even the farm height itself, but be proportional to $U_{F0}$.

Nishino, Takafumi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Vertical Coordinate Transformation of Vertically-Discretized Atmospheric Fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The problem of transforming fields of atmospheric variables from one vertical coordinate system to another without altering their dynamic balance is discussed. A curve fitting scheme applied to the data points in each grid column is proposed ...

Rainer Bleck

1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Dynamic Stability of a Three-Layer Model with Discontinuous Profiles of Wind and Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A theoretical three-layer model for tropospheric gravity waves with discontinuous vertical profiles of both wind and temperature is examined. The asymmetry of the model increases the difficulty in solving the equations but allows a more accurate ...

Sebastián Monserrat; Clemente Ramis

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Two-Dimensional Vector Wind Fields from Volume Imaging Lidar Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spatially resolved wind fields are derived by cross correlation of aerosol backscatter data from horizontal and vertical scans of the University of Wisconsin volume imaging lidar during the 1997/98 Lake-Induced Convection Experiment. Data from ...

Shane D. Mayor; Edwin W. Eloranta

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical wind shear" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Riming of Graupel: Wind Tunnel Investigations of Collection Kernels and Growth Regimes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Laboratory experiments were carried out in the vertical wind tunnel in Mainz, Germany, to study the collision coalescence growth of single spherical ice particles having initial radii between 290 and 380 ?m while they were freely floated in a ...

Nadine von Blohn; Karoline Diehl; Subir K. Mitra; Stephan Borrmann

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Large-Eddy Simulation of Langmuir Turbulence in Pure Wind Seas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The scaling of turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) and its vertical component (VKE) in the upper ocean boundary layer, forced by realistic wind stress and surface waves including the effects of Langmuir circulations, is investigated using large-eddy ...

Ramsey R. Harcourt; Eric A. D’Asaro

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Variational Analysis for Airborne Conically Scanned Doppler Lidar to Retrieve Mesoscale Wind Fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An airborne pulsed Doppler lidar implementing a downlooking conical scan rotating around the vertical axis is under development. The information contained in the measured radial velocities is studied to assess the capacity to retrieve the 3D wind ...

Alain Dabas; Julie Périn; Pierre H. Flamant

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Observed Boundary Layer Wind Structure and Balance in the Hurricane Core. Part I: Hurricane Georges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The GPS dropsonde allows observations at unprecedentedly high horizontal and vertical resolution, and of very high accuracy, within the tropical cyclone boundary layer. These data are used to document the boundary layer wind field of the core of ...

Jeffrey D. Kepert

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Use of a Large Crane for Wind and Tracer Profiles in an Urban Setting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although measured vertical profiles of wind, turbulence, and tracer concentrations are critical for understanding the urban boundary layer, it is problematic to field a sounding system or a tall structure to support anemometers in a densely ...

Frank J. Gouveia; Martin J. Leach; Joseph H. Shinn; William E. Ralph

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Wind Forced Internal Waves in the North Pacific and Sargasso Sea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The three-dimensional structure of the near-inertial frequency internal wave field was measured at two open ocean sites using expendable velocity profilers. Both wave fields appear to be dominantly wind forced although their vertical structure ...

Eric A. D'Asaro

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Bottom Stress in Wind-Driven Depth-Averaged Coastal Flows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relationship between depth-averaged velocity and bottom stress for purely wind-driven flows in unstratified coastal waters is examined using a one-dimensional (vertically resolving) current model. Results indicate that conventional drag laws ...

Harry L. Jenter; Ole Secher Madsen

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Evaluations of Mesoscale Models' Simulations of Near-Surface Winds, Temperature Gradients, and Mixing Depths  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mesoscale meteorological models are being used to provide inputs of winds, vertical temperature and stability structure, mixing depths, and other parameters to atmospheric transport and dispersion models. An evaluation methodology is suggested ...

Steven R. Hanna; Ruixin Yang

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Two-Dimensional Simulations of Drainage Winds and Diffusion Compared to Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A vertically integrated dynamical drainage flow model is developed from conservation equations for momentum and mass in a terrain-following coordinate system. Wind fields from the dynamical model drive a Monte Carlo transport and diffusion model. ...

Alfred J. Garrett; Frank G. Smith III

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

The Relationships among Wind, Horizontal Pressure Gradient, and Turbulent Momentum Transport during CASES-99  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Relationships among the horizontal pressure gradient, the Coriolis force, and the vertical momentum transport by turbulent fluxes are investigated using data collected from the Cooperative Atmosphere-Surface Exchange Study in 1999 (CASES99). Wind ...

Jielun Sun; Donald H. Lenschow; Larry Mahrt; Carmen Nappo

371

Aleutian Pribilof Islands Wind Energy Feasibility Study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Under this project, the Aleutian Pribilof Islands Association (APIA) conducted wind feasibility studies for Adak, False Pass, Nikolski, Sand Point and St. George. The DOE funds were also be used to continue APIA's role as project coordinator, to expand the communication network quality between all participants and with other wind interest groups in the state and to provide continued education and training opportunities for regional participants. This DOE project began 09/01/2005. We completed the economic and technical feasibility studies for Adak. These were funded by the Alaska Energy Authority. Both wind and hydro appear to be viable renewable energy options for Adak. In False Pass the wind resource is generally good but the site has high turbulence. This would require special care with turbine selection and operations. False Pass may be more suitable for a tidal project. APIA is funded to complete a False Pass tidal feasibility study in 2012. Nikolski has superb potential for wind power development with Class 7 wind power density, moderate wind shear, bi-directional winds and low turbulence. APIA secured nearly $1M from the United States Department of Agriculture Rural Utilities Service Assistance to Rural Communities with Extremely High Energy Costs to install a 65kW wind turbine. The measured average power density and wind speed at Sand Point measured at 20m (66ft), are 424 W/m2 and 6.7 m/s (14.9 mph) respectively. Two 500kW Vestas turbines were installed and when fully integrated in 2012 are expected to provide a cost effective and clean source of electricity, reduce overall diesel fuel consumption estimated at 130,000 gallons/year and decrease air emissions associated with the consumption of diesel fuel. St. George Island has a Class 7 wind resource, which is superior for wind power development. The current strategy, led by Alaska Energy Authority, is to upgrade the St. George electrical distribution system and power plant. Avian studies in Nikolski and Sand Point have allowed for proper wind turbine siting without killing birds, especially endangered species and bald eagles. APIA continues coordinating and looking for funding opportunities for regional renewable energy projects. An important goal for APIA has been, and will continue to be, to involve community members with renewable energy projects and energy conservation efforts.

Bruce A. Wright

2012-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

372

SERI Advanced and Innovative Wind-Energy-Concepts Program  

SciTech Connect

In 1978 the Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI) was given the responsibility of managing the Advanced and Innovative Wind Energy Concepts (AIWEC) Task by the US Department of Energy (DOE). The objective of this program has been to determine the technical and economic potential of advanced wind energy concepts. Assessment and R and D efforts in the AIWEC program have included theoretical performance analyses, wind tunnel testing, and/or costing studies. Concepts demonstrating sufficient potential undergo prototype testing in a Proof-of-Concept research phase. Several concepts, such as the Dynamic Inducer, the Diffuser Augmented wind Turbine, the Electrofluid Dynamic Wind-Driven Generator, the Passive Cyclic Pitch concept, and higher performance airfoil configurations for vertical axis wind turbines, have recently made significant progress. The latter has currently reached the Proof-of-Concept phase. The present paper provides an overview of the technical progress and current status of these concepts.

Mitchell, R.L.; Jacobs, E.W.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Wind Vision Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Farm Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Wind Vision Wind Farm Facility Wind Vision Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Wind Vision Developer Wind Vision Location St. Ansgar IA Coordinates 43.348224°, -92.888816° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.348224,"lon":-92.888816,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

374

High Winds Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Winds Wind Farm Winds Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name High Winds Wind Farm Facility High Winds Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner NextEra Energy Resources Developer NextEra Energy Resources Energy Purchaser PPM Energy Inc Location Solano County CA Coordinates 38.124844°, -121.764915° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.124844,"lon":-121.764915,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

375

NREL: Wind Research - Small Wind Turbine Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Small Wind Turbine Research Small Wind Turbine Research The National Renewable Energy Laboratory and U.S. Department of Energy (NREL/DOE) Small Wind Project's objectives are to reduce barriers to wind energy expansion, stabilize the market, and expand the number of small wind turbine systems installed in the United States. "Small wind turbine" refers to a turbine smaller than or equal to 100 kilowatts (kW). "Distributed wind" includes small and midsize turbines (100 kW through 1 megawatt [MW]). Since 1996, NREL's small wind turbine research has provided turbine testing, turbine development, and prototype refinement leading to more commercially available small wind turbines. Work is conducted under the following areas. You can also learn more about state and federal policies

376

An Assessment of the WKBJ Approximation to the Vertical Structure of Linear Mountain Waves: Implications for Gravity-Wave Drag Parameterization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The vertical structure of topographically induced, infinitesimal amplitude internal waves in atmospheres with varying wind and static stability profiles is studied with a numerical model. Despite its simplifications, this model nevertheless ...

J. P. René Laprise

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

ARM - PI Product - Cloud-Scale Vertical Velocity and Turbulent Dissipation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ProductsCloud-Scale Vertical Velocity and Turbulent ProductsCloud-Scale Vertical Velocity and Turbulent Dissipation Rate Retrievals Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send PI Product : Cloud-Scale Vertical Velocity and Turbulent Dissipation Rate Retrievals Site(s) NSA General Description Time-height fields of retrieved in-cloud vertical wind velocity and turbulent dissipation rate, both retrieved primarily from vertically-pointing, Ka-band cloud radar measurements. Files are available for manually-selected, stratiform, mixed-phase cloud cases observed at the North Slope of Alaska (NSA) site during periods covering the Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment (MPACE, late September through early November 2004) and the Indirect and Semi-Direct Aerosol Campaign (ISDAC, April-early May

378

Shear wall experiments and design in Japan  

SciTech Connect

This paper summarizes the results of recent survey studies on the available experimental data bases and design codes/standards for reinforced concrete (RC) shear wall structures in Japan. Information related to the seismic design of RC reactor buildings and containment structures was emphasized in the survey. The seismic requirements for concrete structures, particularly those related to shear strength design, are outlined. Detailed descriptions are presented on the development of Japanese shear wall equations, design requirements for containment structures, and ductility requirements.

Park, Y.J.; Hofmayer, C.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Review of wind simulation methods for horizontal-axis wind turbine analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report reviews three reports on simulation of winds for use in wind turbine fatigue analysis. The three reports are presumed to represent the state of the art. The Purdue and Sandia methods simulate correlated wind data at two points rotating as on the rotor of a horizontal-axis wind turbine. The PNL method at present simulates only one point, which rotates either as on a horizontal-axis wind turbine blade or as on a vertical-axis wind turbine blade. The spectra of simulated data are presented from the Sandia and PNL models under comparable input conditions, and the energy calculated in the rotational spikes in the spectra by the two models is compared. Although agreement between the two methods is not impressive at this time, improvement of the Sandia and PNL methods is recommended as the best way to advance the state of the art. Physical deficiencies of the models are cited in the report and technical recommendations are made for improvement. The report also reviews two general methods for simulating single-point data, called the harmonic method and the white noise method. The harmonic method, which is the basis of all three specific methods reviewed, is recommended over the white noise method in simulating winds for wind turbine analysis.

Powell, D.C.; Connell, J.R.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Novel shear mechanism in nanolayered composites  

SciTech Connect

Recent studies have shown that two-phase nanocomposite materials with semicoherent interfaces exhibit enhanced strength, deformability, and radiation damage resistance. The remarkable behavior exhibited by these materials has been attributed to the atomistic structure of the bi-metal interface that results in interfaces with low shear strength and hence, strong barriers for slip transmission due to dislocation core spreading along the weak interfaces. In this work, the low interfacial shear strength of Cu/Nb nanoscale multilayers dictates a new mechanism for shear banding and strain softening during micropillar compression. Previous work investigating shear band formation in nanocrystalline materials has shown a connection between insufficient strain hardening and the onset of shear banding in Fe and Fe-10% Cu, but has also shown that hardening does not necessarily offset shear banding in Pd nanomaterials. Therefore, the mechanisms behind shear localization in nanocrystalline materials are not completely understood. Our findings, supported by molecular dynamics simulations, provide insight on the design of nanocomposites with tailored interface structures and geometry to obtain a combination of high strength and deformability. High strength is derived from the ability of the interfaces to trap dislocations through relative ease of interfacial shear, while deformability can be maximized by controlling the effects of loading geometry on shear band formation.

Mara, Nathan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bhattacharyya, Dhriti [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hirth, John P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dickerson, Patricia O [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Misra, Amit [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical wind shear" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Wind Power Today  

SciTech Connect

Wind Power Today is an annual publication that provides an overview of the wind energy research conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy Wind and Hydropower Technologies Program.

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Wind Power Today  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Wind Power Today is an annual publication that provides an overview of the wind energy research conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy Wind and Hydropower Technologies Program.

Not Available

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Wind energy manual  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Objectives: The course introduces principles of wind power production, design of wind turbines, location and design of wind farms, control of turbines and wind farms, predictive modeling, diagnostics, operations and maintenance, condition monitoring, health monitoring and of turbine components and systems, wind farm performance optimization, and integration of wind power with a grid. The modeling and analysis aspect of the topics discussed in the class will be illustrated with examples and case studies. Textbook: References:

A. Vieira; Da Rosa; Fundamentals Renewable; Energy Processes; San Diego; Jacob Kirpes; Small Wind

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Measurements of Turbulent Vertical Kinetic Energy in the Ocean Mixed Layer from Lagrangian Floats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

D'Asaro, in previous work using nearly neutrally buoyant Lagrangian floats in a wind forced mixed layer, found w2 = Au2, where w2 is the mean square vertical velocity and u is the friction velocity estimated from shipboard meteorological ...

Ruo-Shan Tseng; Eric A. D'Asaro

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Numerical Simulations of the Effects of Seamounts and Vertical Resolution on Strong Ocean Flows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effect of seamounts on Gulf Stream-like flow is examined using a quasi-geostrophic modal model that is spun-up from rest with idealized wind forcing. A flat-bottom simulation that resolves the flow with two vertical modes produces, on the ...

David Adamec

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Definition: Vertical Flowmeter Test | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon Definition: Vertical Flowmeter Test Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Vertical Flowmeter Test A well testing...

387

Vertical Flowmeter Logging | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2013 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for Vertical Flowmeter Logging Citation U.S. Geological Survey. Vertical...

388

NREL: Wind Research - Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Testing Photo of a large wind turbine blade sticking out of the structural testing laboratory; it is perpendicular to a building at the National Wind Technology Center. A...

389

Wind | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Assessment and Characterization Defining, measuring, and forecasting land-based and offshore wind resources Environmental Impacts and Siting of Wind Projects Avoiding,...

390

Wind/Hydro Study  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

WindHydro Integration Feasibility Study Announcements (Updated July 8, 2010) The Final WindHydro Integration Feasibility Study Report, dated June 2, 2009, has been submitted to...

391

Wind Energy Technologies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Wind energy technologies use the energy in wind for practical purposes such as generating electricity, charging batteries, pumping water, and grinding grain.

392

Wind for Schools (Poster)  

SciTech Connect

As the United States dramatically expands wind energy deployment, the industry is challenged with developing a skilled workforce and addressing public resistance. Wind Powering America's Wind for Schools project addresses these issues by developing Wind Application Centers (WACs) at universities; WAC students assist in implementing school wind turbines and participate in wind courses, by installing small wind turbines at community "host" schools, by implementing teacher training with interactive curricula at each host school. This poster provides an overview of the first two years of the Wind for Schools project, primarily supporting activities in Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, Montana, and Idaho.

Baring-Gould, I.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Wind for Schools (Poster)  

SciTech Connect

As the United States dramatically expands wind energy deployment, the industry is challenged with developing a skilled workforce and addressing public resistance. Wind Powering America's Wind for Schools project addresses these issues by developing Wind Application Centers (WACs) at universities; WAC students assist in implementing school wind turbines and participate in wind courses, by installing small wind turbines at community "host" schools, by implementing teacher training with interactive curricula at each host school. This poster provides an overview of the first two years of the Wind for Schools project, primarily supporting activities in Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, Montana, and Idaho.

Baring-Gould, I.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Wind energy bibliography  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This bibliography is designed to help the reader search for information on wind energy. The bibliography is intended to help several audiences, including engineers and scientists who may be unfamiliar with a particular aspect of wind energy, university researchers who are interested in this field, manufacturers who want to learn more about specific wind topics, and librarians who provide information to their clients. Topics covered range from the history of wind energy use to advanced wind turbine design. References for wind energy economics, the wind energy resource, and environmental and institutional issues related to wind energy are also included.

None

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

2008 WIND TECHNOLOGIES MARKET REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

policy support for other renewable energy sources, wind mayrenewable energy and climate policy initiatives. With wind

Bolinger, Mark

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Diablo Winds Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Diablo Winds Wind Farm Diablo Winds Wind Farm Facility Diablo Winds Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner NextEra Energy Resources Developer NextEra Energy Resources Energy Purchaser Pacific Gas & Electric Co Location Altamont Pass CA Coordinates 37.7347°, -121.652° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.7347,"lon":-121.652,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

397

NREL: Wind Research - Offshore Wind Resource Characterization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Offshore Wind Resource Characterization Offshore Wind Resource Characterization Map of the United States, showing the wind potential of offshore areas across the country. Enlarge image US offshore wind speed estimates at 90-m height NREL scientists and engineers are leading efforts in resource mapping, remote sensor measurement and development, and forecasting that are essential for the development of offshore wind. Resource Mapping For more than 15 years, NREL's meteorologists, engineers, and Geographic Information System experts have led the production of wind resource characterization maps and reports used by policy makers, private industry, and other government organizations to inform and accelerate the development of wind energy in the United States. Offshore wind resource data and mapping has strategic uses. As with terrestrial developments, traditional

398

NREL: Wind Research - Midsize Wind Turbine Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Midsize Wind Turbine Research Midsize Wind Turbine Research To facilitate the development and commercialization of midsize wind turbines (turbines with a capacity rating of more than 100 kW up to 1 MW), the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and NREL launched the Midsize Wind Turbine Development Project. In its latest study, NREL determined that there is a substantial market for midsize wind turbines. One of the most significant barriers to the midsize turbine market is the lack of turbines available for deployment; there are few midsize turbines on the market today. The objectives of the Midsize Wind Turbine Development Project are to reduce the barriers to wind energy expansion by filling an existing domestic technology gap; facilitate partnerships; accelerate maturation of existing U.S. wind energy businesses; and incorporate process improvement

399

Commonwealth Wind Incentive Program – Micro Wind Initiative  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Through the Commonwealth Wind Incentive Program – Micro Wind Initiative the Massachusetts Clean Energy Center (MassCEC) offers rebates of up to $4/W with a maximum of $130,000 for design and...

400

Wind characteristics for agricultural wind energy applications  

SciTech Connect

Wind energy utilization in agriculture can provide a potentially significant savings in fuel oil consumption and ultimately a cost savings to the farmer. A knowledge of the wind characteristics within a region and at a location can contribute greatly to a more efficient and cost-effective use of this resource. Current research indicates that the important wind characteristics include mean annual wind speed and the frequency distribution of the wind, seasonal and diurnal variations in wind speed and direction, and the turbulent and gustiness characteristics of the wind. Further research is underway to provide a better definition of the total wind resource available, improved methods for siting WECS and an improved understanding of the environment to which the WECS respond.

Renne, D. S.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical wind shear" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Wind Power Today: Federal Wind Program Highlights  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Wind Power Today is an annual publication that provides an overview of the wind research conducted under the U.S. Department of Energy's Wind and Hydropower Technologies Program. The purpose of Wind Power Today is to show how DOE supports wind turbine research and deployment in hopes of furthering the advancement of wind technologies that produce clean, low-cost, reliable energy. Content objectives include: educate readers about the advantages and potential for widespread deployment of wind energy; explain the program's objectives and goals; describe the program's accomplishments in research and application; examine the barriers to widespread deployment; describe the benefits of continued research and development; facilitate technology transfer; and attract cooperative wind energy projects with industry.

Not Available

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

The Oblique Spaced Antenna Method for Measuring the Atmospheric Wind Field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel extension of the spaced antenna method for VHF/UHF radar and wind profiler applications is introduced in this paper. It is proposed that instead of pointing the spaced antenna beams vertically, off-vertical oblique configuration should be ...

C. H. Liu; G. Dester; S. J. Franke; J. Röttger; C-J. Pan

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Two Fluid Shear-Free Composites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shear-free composite fluids are constructed from two Letelier rotated unaligned perfect fluids. The component fluid parameters necessary to construct a shear-free composite are investigated. A metric in the Stephani-Barnes solution family and a simple stationary metric are discussed.

J. P. Krisch; E. N. Glass

2013-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

404

Numerical modeling of the wind flow over a transverse dune  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transverse dunes, which form under unidirectional winds and have fixed profile in the direction perpendicular to the wind, occur on all celestial objects of our solar system where dunes have been detected. Here we perform a numerical study of the average turbulent wind flow over a transverse dune by means of computational fluid dynamics simulations. We find that the length of the zone of recirculating flow at the dune lee --- the {\\em{separation bubble}} --- displays a surprisingly strong dependence on the wind shear velocity, $u_{\\ast}$: it is nearly independent of $u_{\\ast}$ for shear velocities within the range between $0.2\\,$m$$s and $0.8\\,$m$$s but increases linearly with $u_{\\ast}$ for larger shear velocities. Our calculations show that transport in the direction opposite to dune migration within the separation bubble can be sustained if $u_{\\ast}$ is larger than approximately $0.39\\,$m$$s, whereas a larger value of $u_{\\ast}$ (about $0.49\\,$m$$s) is required to initiate this reverse transport.

Ascânio D. Araújo; Eric J. R. Parteli; Thorsten Poeschel; José S. Andrade Jr.; Hans J. Herrmann

2013-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

405

Lidar Measurement of Turbulence Encountered by Horizontal-Axis Wind Turbines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We used a continuous-wave (CW) Doppler lidar to measure wind velocity turbulence from a moving frame of reference. By directing the lidar beam to trace the perimeters of vertical-plane disks about horizontal axes parallel to the mean wind ...

R. M. Hardesty; B. F. Weber

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

1) INTRODUCTION Reliable and save grid integration of large-scale offshore wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of these results with load profiles and conventional power generation will give insight into crossboarder flows production, forecasted wind power and deviations in the load forecast. Spatial forecast error smoothing. However, the accurate modeling of the vertical wind profile gains importance as in general much higher

Heinemann, Detlev

407

Balloon-borne sounding system (BBSS): Vaisala-processed winds, press., temp, and RH  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Balloon-borne sounding system (BBSS): Vaisala-processed winds, press., temp, and RH. The balloon-borne sounding system (SONDE) provides in situ measurements (vertical profiles) of both the thermodynamic state of the atmosphere, and the wind speed and direction.

Coulter,Richard; Ritsche,Michael

408

Wake Characteristics of the MOD-2 Wind Turbine at Medicine Bow, Wyoming  

SciTech Connect

The present paper summarizes results obtained from profile measurements of the MOD-2 wind turbine wake at Medicine Bow, Wyoming. Vertical profiles of wind speed, potential temperature, and turbulence at 3 and 7 rotor diameters downstream of the turbine, taken under near neutral or slightly stable atmospheric conditions, are presented.

Jacobs, E. W.; Kelley, N. D.; McKenna, H. E.; Birkenheuer, N. B.

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Semidiurnal tides on the Laptev Sea shelf with implications for shear and vertical mixing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Arctic continental shelf seas hold a globally significant source of freshwater that impacts Arctic Ocean stratification, circulation and climate. This freshwater can be injected below the surface mixed layer by intense turbulent kinetic energy ...

Markus A. Janout; Yueng-Djern Lenn

410

Aerodynamic interference between two Darrieus wind turbines  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The effect of aerodynamic interference on the performance of two curved bladed Darrieus-type vertical axis wind turbines has been calculated using a vortex/lifting line aerodynamic model. The turbines have a tower-to-tower separation distance of 1.5 turbine diameters, with the line of turbine centers varying with respect to the ambient wind direction. The effects of freestream turbulence were neglected. For the cases examined, the calculations showed that the downwind turbine power decrement (1) was significant only when the line of turbine centers was coincident with the ambient wind direction, (2) increased with increasing tipspeed ratio, and (3) is due more to induced flow angularities downstream than to speed deficits near the downstream turbine.

Schatzle, P.R.; Klimas, P.C.; Spahr, H.R.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Generation of Bulk Shear Spikes in Shallow Stratified Tidal Seas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent finescale observations of shear and stratification in temperate shelf sea thermoclines show that they are of marginal stability, suggesting that episodes of enhanced shear could potentially lead to shear instability and diapcynal mixing. ...

Hans Burchard; Tom P. Rippeth

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Applications: Operational wind turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Capability Applications: Operational wind turbines Benefits: Optimize wind turbine performance Summary: Researchers at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) Intelligent Wind Turbine Program are developing a multi-physics modeling approach for the analysis of wind turbines in the presence of realistic

413

Wind powering America: Iowa  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Wind resources in the state of Iowa show great potential for wind energy development. This fact sheet provides a brief description of the state's wind resources and the financial incentives available for the development of wind energy systems. It also provides a list of contacts for more information.

NREL

2000-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

414

West Winds Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

West Winds Wind Farm West Winds Wind Farm Facility West Winds Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Caithness Developer SeaWest Energy Purchaser Southern California Edison/PacifiCorp Location San Gorgonio CA Coordinates 33.9095°, -116.734° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.9095,"lon":-116.734,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

415

New England Wind Forum: New England Wind Resources  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

New England Wind Forum About the New England Wind Forum New England Wind Energy Education Project Historic Wind Development in New England State Activities Projects in New England Building Wind Energy in New England Wind Resources Wind Power Technology Economics Markets Siting Policy Technical Challenges Issues Small Wind Large Wind Newsletter Perspectives Events Quick Links to States CT MA ME NH RI VT Bookmark and Share New England Wind Resources Go to the Vermont wind resource map. Go to the New Hampshire wind resource map. Go to the Maine wind resource map. Go to the Massachusetts wind resource map. Go to the Connecticut wind resource map. Go to the Rhode Island wind resource map. New England Wind Resource Maps Wind resources maps of Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

416

Wind energy, offers considerable promise: the wind itself is free,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wind energy, offers considerable promise: the wind itself is free, wind power is clean. One of these sources, wind energy, offers considerable promise: the wind itself is free, wind power is clean, and it is virtually inexhaustible. In recent years, research on wind energy has accelerated

Langendoen, Koen

417

Wind Powering America  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

These news items are notable additions These news items are notable additions to the Wind Powering America Web site. The Wind Powering America Web site reports recent national and state wind market changes by cataloging wind activities such as wind resource maps, small wind consumer's guides, local wind workshops, news articles, and publications in the areas of policy, public power, small wind, Native Americans, agricultural sector, economic development, public lands, and schools. en-us julie.jones@nrel.gov (Julie Jones) http://www.windpoweringamerica.gov/images/wpa_logo_sm.jpg Wind Powering America http://www.windpoweringamerica.gov/ Nominate an Electric Cooperative for Wind Power Leadership Award by January 15 http://www.windpoweringamerica.gov/filter_detail.asp?itemid=4076 http://www.windpoweringamerica.gov/filter_detail.asp?itemid=4076 Mon, 16

418

Fluid shear-induced hypertrophy in neonatal rat ventricular myocytes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

subjected to low shear rates, increase their beating ratedue to shear. Beating rates increase nearly 3 fold, which isstress increases protein synthesis rate and induces

Fujimura, Atsushi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

DSI Dipole Shear Sonic Imager | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2013 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for DSI Dipole Shear Sonic Imager Citation Schlumberger. DSI Dipole Shear Sonic...

420

NREL: Wind Research - Small Wind Site Assessment: Wind Powering...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

environmental impacts have increased the demand for small wind energy systems for homeowners, schools, businesses, and local governments. Over the past decade, the knowledge,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical wind shear" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Zhongshan Yixiong Wind Power Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Yixiong Wind Power Co Ltd Yixiong Wind Power Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Zhongshan Yixiong Wind Power Co Ltd Place Zhongshan, Guangdong Province, China Sector Wind energy Product A producer for vertical axis wind turbine. Coordinates 22.516701°, 113.366699° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":22.516701,"lon":113.366699,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

422

Wind Power Outlook 2004  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The brochure, expected to be updated annually, provides the American Wind Energy Association's (AWAE's) up-to-date assessment of the wind industry. It provides a summary of the state of wind power in the U.S., including the challenges and opportunities facing the industry. It provides summary information on the growth of the industry, policy-related factors such as the federal wind energy production tax credit status, comparisons with natural gas, and public views on wind energy.

anon.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Wind Resource Maps (Postcard)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy's Wind Powering America initiative provides high-resolution wind maps and estimates of the wind resource potential that would be possible from development of the available windy land areas after excluding areas unlikely to be developed. This postcard is a marketing piece that stakeholders can provide to interested parties; it will guide them to Wind Powering America's online wind energy resource maps.

Not Available

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Sinomatech Wind Power Blade aka Sinoma Science Technology Wind...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sinomatech Wind Power Blade aka Sinoma Science Technology Wind Turbine Blade Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Sinomatech Wind Power Blade (aka Sinoma Science & Technology...

425

NREL: Wind Research - Wind Applications Center Valuable Resource...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wind Applications Center Valuable Resource for Wind for Schools Partners March 14, 2013 Audio with Jerry Hudgins, Nebraska Wind Applications Center Director and Joel Jacobs,...

426

Wind Powering America Webinar: Wind Power Economics: Past, Present...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Power Economics: Past, Present, and Future Trends Wind Powering America Webinar: Wind Power Economics: Past, Present, and Future Trends November 23, 2011 - 1:43pm Addthis Wind...

427

NREL: Wind Research - Small Wind Turbine Independent Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wind Research Search More Search Options Site Map Printable Version Small Wind Turbine Independent Testing One of the barriers for the small wind market has been the lack...

428

Discussion of “Ultimate Wind Load Design Gust Wind Speeds ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Ind. Aerodyn., 97(3–4), 120–131. Peterka, JA (2001). “Database of peak gust wind speeds, Texas Tech/ CSU.” Extreme winds and wind effects on ...

2013-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

429

Surface wind speed distributions| Implications for climate and wind power.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Surface constituent and energy fluxes, and wind power depend non-linearly on wind speed and are sensitive to the tails of the wind distribution. Until… (more)

Capps, Scott Blair

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

A Stochastic Methodology for Regional Wind-Field Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Three-dimensional, regional scale (?1000 km) air-quality simulation models require hourly inputs of U and V wind components for each vertical layer of the model and for each grid cell in the horizontal. The standard North American meteorological ...

Kenneth L. Schere; Carlie J. Coats

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Method for shearing spent nuclear fuel assemblies  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is disclosed for shearing spent nuclear fuel assemblies of the type wherein a plurality of long metal tubes packed with ceramic fuel are supported in a spaced apart relationship within an outer metal shell or shroud which provides structural support to the assembly. Spent nuclear fuel assemblies are first compacted in a stepwise manner between specially designed gag-compactors and then sheared into short segments amenable to chemical processing by shear blades contoured to mate with the compacted surface of the fuel assembly.

Weil, Bradley S. (Oak Ridge, TN); Watson, Clyde D. (Knoxville, TN)

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

2009 Wind Technologies Market Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PROGRAM 2 Presentation Overview * Introduction to 2009 edition of U.S. wind energy market report * Wind installation trends * Wind industry trends * Price, cost, and...

433

2011 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2010. SPP WITF Wind Integration Study. Little Rock,GE Energy. 2011a. Oahu Wind Integration Study Final Report.Corp. 2010. Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study.

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

2009 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prepared for the Utility Wind Integration Group. Arlington,Arizona Public Service Wind Integration Cost Impact Study.2010. SPP WITF Wind Integration Study. Little Rock,

Wiser, Ryan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

2010 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The wind energy integration, transmission, and policy2012, however, federal policy towards wind energy remainsin federal policy towards wind energy after 2012 places such

Wiser, Ryan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

2009 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The wind energy integration, transmission, and policyPTC. Moreover, federal policy towards wind energy remainsand policy announcements demonstrate accelerated activity in the offshore wind energy

Wiser, Ryan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

2011 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

performance, and price of wind energy, policy uncertainty –The wind energy integration, transmission, and policyand absent supportive policies for wind energy. That said,

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

WIND DATA REPORT Presque Isle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WIND DATA REPORT Presque Isle December 1, 2004 ­ December 1, 2005 Prepared for United States ......................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series........................................................................................................... 10 Wind Speed Distributions

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

439

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island June 1, 2003 ­ August 31, 2003 Prepared for Massachusetts...................................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 9 Wind Speed Distribution

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

440

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island December 1, 2003 ­ February 29, 2004 Prepared for Massachusetts.................................................................................................................... 11 Wind Speed Time Series........................................................................................................... 11 Wind Speed Distribution

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical wind shear" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island June 1, 2004 ­ August 31, 2004 Prepared for Massachusetts...................................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 9 Wind Speed Distribution

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

442

WIND DATA REPORT FALMOUTH, MA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WIND DATA REPORT FALMOUTH, MA June1, 2004 to August 31, 2004. Prepared for Massachusetts Technology...................................................................................................................... 8 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 8 Wind Speed Distributions

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

443

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island September 1, 2003 ­ November 30, 2003 Prepared for Massachusetts...................................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 9 Wind Speed Distribution

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

444

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island March 1, 2004 ­ May 31, 2004 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology...................................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 9 Wind Speed Distribution

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

445

WIND DATA REPORT Presque Isle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WIND DATA REPORT Presque Isle December 1, 2004 ­ February 28, 2005 Prepared for United States.................................................................................................................... 10 Wind Speed Time Series........................................................................................................... 10 Wind Speed Distributions

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

446

WIND DATA REPORT Presque Isle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WIND DATA REPORT Presque Isle March 1, 2005 ­ May 31, 2005 Prepared for United States Department.................................................................................................................... 10 Wind Speed Time Series........................................................................................................... 10 Wind Speed Distributions

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

447

WIND DATA REPORT Presque Isle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WIND DATA REPORT Presque Isle June 1, 2005 ­ August 31, 2005 Prepared for United States Department...................................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 9 Wind Speed Distributions

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

448

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island March 1, 2003 ­ May 31, 2003 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology...................................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 9 Wind Speed Distributions

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

449

2010 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

turbine prices. Installed project costs are found to exhibitpressure on total project costs and wind power prices. Windinstalled wind power project costs, wind turbine transaction

Wiser, Ryan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

2009 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

downward pressure on project costs and wind power prices.installed wind power project costs, wind turbine transactionand uncertain offshore project costs, and public acceptance

Wiser, Ryan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

2009 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prepared for the Utility Wind Integration Group. Arlington,Consult. 2010. International Wind Energy Development: WorldUBS Global I/O: Global Wind Sector. UBS Investment Research.

Wiser, Ryan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

2008 WIND TECHNOLOGIES MARKET REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2008. Washington, DC: American Wind Energy Association.American Wind Energy Association ( AWEA).2009b. AWEA Small Wind Turbine Global Market Study: Year

Bolinger, Mark

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

2010 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Minnesota (12%). Offshore Wind Power Project and Policythe emergence of an offshore wind power market still facesexists in developing offshore wind energy in several parts

Wiser, Ryan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

2008 WIND TECHNOLOGIES MARKET REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

11 “advanced-stage” offshore wind project proposals totalingcontinued in 2008 (see Offshore Wind Development Activities,Market Report Offshore Wind Development Activities In

Bolinger, Mark

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

2011 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

natural gas prices), pushed wind energy to the top of (andperformance, and price of wind energy, policy uncertainty –cost, performance, and price of wind energy, some of these

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

RI_50m_Wind  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

UnitedStatesWindHighResolutionRhodeIslandWindHighResolution.zip> Description: Abstract: Annual average wind resource potential for the state of Rhode...

457

CT_50m_Wind  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

UnitedStatesWindHighResolutionConnecticutWindHighResolution.zip> Description: Abstract: Annual average wind resource potential for the state of...

458

MA_50m_Wind  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

UnitedStatesWindHighResolutionMassachusettsWindHighResolution.zip> Description: Abstract: Annual average wind resource potential for the state of...

459

VT_50m_Wind  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DataTechnologySpecificUnitedStatesWindHighResolutionVermontWindHighResolution.zip> Description: Abstract: Annual average wind resource potential for the state of Vermont...

460

NH_50m_Wind  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

UnitedStatesWindHighResolutionNewHampshireWindHighResolution.zip> Description: Abstract: Annual average wind resource potential for the state of New...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical wind shear" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

IA_50m_Wind  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ISDataTechnologySpecificUnitedStatesWindHighResolutionIowaWindHighResolution.zip> Description: Abstract: Annual average wind resource potential for the state of Iowa at...

462

ME_50m_Wind  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SDataTechnologySpecificUnitedStatesWindHighResolutionMaineWindHighResolution.zip> Description: Abstract: Annual average wind resource potential for the state of Maine...

463

ga_50m_wind  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DataTechnologySpecificUnitedStatesWindHighResolutionGeorgiaWindHighResolution.zip> Description: Abstract: Annual average wind resource potential for the state of Georgia...

464

ny_50m_wind  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ataTechnologySpecificUnitedStatesWindHighResolutionNewYorkWindHighResolution.zip> Description: Abstract: Annual average wind resource potential for New York at a 50...

465

2010 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

federal and state incentives for wind energy deployment. Thefederal and state incentives for wind energy deployment.federal and state incentives for wind energy deployment in

Wiser, Ryan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

2011 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

continued state and federal incentives for wind energy,continued state and federal incentives for wind energy,continued state and federal incentives for wind energy,

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

2008 WIND TECHNOLOGIES MARKET REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2008. Washington, DC: American Wind Energy Association.American Wind Energy Association ( AWEA). 2009b. AWEA SmallWashington, DC: American Wind Energy Association. Bolinger,

Bolinger, Mark

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

2009 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2010. International Wind Energy Development: World MarketUniversity. American Wind Energy Association (AWEA). 2010a.Washington, DC: American Wind Energy Association. American

Wiser, Ryan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

2009 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2010. Status of Centralized Wind Power Forecasting in NorthInterconnection Policies and Wind Power: A Discussion ofs first utility-scale wind power project. Credit: Klaus

Wiser, Ryan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

2008 WIND TECHNOLOGIES MARKET REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Effects of Integrating Wind Power on Transmission SystemInterconnection Policies and Wind Power: A Discussion ofof their database of wind power projects, and for providing

Bolinger, Mark

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

DOE Science Showcase - Wind Power  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Power Testing and Data in General Wind and Turbine Dynamics Wind Stresses Control, the Power Grid, and the Grids Economics Environmental Effects Energy101: Wind Turbines...

472

On the Use of Doppler Radar–Derived Wind Fields to Diagnose the Secondary Circulations of Tornadoes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A number of studies in recent years have used wind fields derived from portable Doppler radars in combination with the ground-based velocity track display (GBVTD) technique to diagnose the primary (tangential) and secondary (radial and vertical) ...

David S. Nolan

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

A Climatological Study of Boundary Layer Wind Speed Using a Meso-?-Scale Higher-Order Closure Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mesoscale higher-order closure atmospheric boundary layer model has been used to get more detailed information than is possible from observations regarding horizontal and vertical variations of the wind in an area in southeastern Sweden. To ...

Hans Bergström

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Wind | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wind Wind Wind America is home to one of the largest and fastest growing wind markets in the world. Watch the video to learn more about the latest trends in the U.S. wind power market and join us this Thursday, August 8 at 3 pm ET for a Google+ Hangout on wind energy in America. The United States is home to one of the largest and fastest growing wind markets in the world. To stay competitive in this sector, the Energy Department invests in wind projects, both on land and offshore, to advance technology innovations, create job opportunities and boost economic growth. Moving forward, the U.S. wind industry remains a critical part of the Energy Department's all-of-the-above energy strategy to cut carbon pollution, diversify our energy economy and bring the next-generation of

475

NREL: Wind Research - WindPACT  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

WindPACT WindPACT The Wind Partnerships for Advanced Component Technology (WindPACT) studies were conducted to assist industry by testing innovative components, such as advanced blades and drivetrains, to lower the cost of energy. Specific goals included: Foster technological advancements to reduce the cost of wind energy Determine probable size ranges of advanced utility-scale turbines over the next decade for U.S. application Evaluate advanced concepts that are necessary to achieve objectives of cost and size for future turbines Identify and solve technological hurdles that may block industry from taking advantage of promising technology Design, fabricate, and test selected advanced components to prove their viability Support wind industry through transfer of technology from

476

Wind Regimes in Complex Terrain of the Great Valley of Eastern Tennessee  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research was designed to provide an understanding of physical wind mechanisms within the complex terrain of the Great Valley of Eastern Tennessee to assess the impacts of regional air flow with regard to synoptic and mesoscale weather changes, wind direction shifts, and air quality. Meteorological data from 2008 2009 were analyzed from 13 meteorological sites along with associated upper level data. Up to 15 ancillary sites were used for reference. Two-step complete linkage and K-means cluster analyses, synoptic weather studies, and ambient meteorological comparisons were performed to generate hourly wind classifications. These wind regimes revealed seasonal variations of underlying physical wind mechanisms (forced channeled, vertically coupled, pressure-driven, and thermally-driven winds). Synoptic and ambient meteorological analysis (mixing depth, pressure gradient, pressure gradient ratio, atmospheric and surface stability) suggested up to 93% accuracy for the clustered results. Probabilistic prediction schemes of wind flow and wind class change were developed through characterization of flow change data and wind class succession. Data analysis revealed that wind flow in the Great Valley was dominated by forced channeled winds (45 67%) and vertically coupled flow (22 38%). Down-valley pressure-driven and thermally-driven winds also played significant roles (0 17% and 2 20%, respectively), usually accompanied by convergent wind patterns (15 20%) and large wind direction shifts, especially in the Central/Upper Great Valley. The behavior of most wind regimes was associated with detectable pressure differences between the Lower and Upper Great Valley. Mixing depth and synoptic pressure gradients were significant contributors to wind pattern behavior. Up to 15 wind classes and 10 sub-classes were identified in the Central Great Valley with 67 joined classes for the Great Valley at-large. Two-thirds of Great Valley at-large flow was defined by 12 classes. Winds flowed on-axis only 40% of the time. The Great Smoky Mountains helped create down-valley pressure-driven winds, downslope mountain breezes, and divergent air flow. The Cumberland Mountains and Plateau were associated with wind speed reductions in the Central Great Valley, Emory Gap Flow, weak thermally-driven winds, and northwesterly down sloping. Ridge-and-valley terrain enhanced wind direction reversals, pressure-driven winds, as well as locally and regionally produced thermally-driven flow.

Birdwell, Kevin R [ORNL

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Dependence of Wind Turbine Curves on Atmospheric Stability Regimes - An Analysis of a West Coast North American Tall Wind Farm  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Tall wind turbines, with hub heights at 80 m or above, can extract large amounts of energy from the atmosphere because they are likely to encounter higher wind speeds, but they face challenges given the complex nature of wind flow in the boundary layer. Depending on whether the boundary layer is stable, convective or neutral, mean wind speed (U) and turbulence ({sigma}{sub U}) may vary greatly across the tall turbine swept area (40 m to 120 m). This variation can cause a single turbine to produce difference amounts of power during time periods of identical hub height wind speeds. The study examines the influence that atmospheric mixing or stability has on power output at a West Coast North American wind farm. They first examine the accuracy and applicability of two, relatively simple stability parameters, the wind shear-exponent, {alpha}, and the turbulence intensity, I{sub u}, against the physically-based, Obukhov length, L, to describe the wind speed and turbulence profiles in the rotor area. In general, the on-site stability parameters {alpha} and I{sub u} are in high agreement with the off-site, L stability scale parameter. Next, they divide the measurement period into five stability classes (strongly stable, stable, neutral, convective, and strongly convective) to discern stability-effects on power output. When only the mean wind speed profile is taken into account, the dependency of power output on boundary layer stability is only subtly apparent. When turbulence intensity I{sub u} is considered, the power generated for a given wind speed is twenty percent higher during strongly stable conditions than during strongly convective conditions as observed in the spring and summer seasons at this North American wind farm.

Wharton, S; Lundquist, J K; Sharp, J; Zulauf, M

2009-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

478

NREL: Education Programs - KidWind Project and Wind Education...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

KidWind Project and Wind Education in the Classroom: Wind Powering America Lessons Learned July 1, 2013 Integrating wind energy curricula into the classroom can seem like a...

479

NREL: Wind Research - Landing a Job in the Wind Industry: Wind...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Landing a Job in the Wind Industry: Wind Powering America Lessons Learned January 28, 2013 Wind Powering America interviewed Marilla Lamb, a 2012 graduate of Northern Arizona...

480

NREL: Wind Research - Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Projects Projects NREL's wind energy research and development projects focus on reducing the cost of wind technology and expanding access to wind energy sites. Our specialized technical expertise, comprehensive design and analysis tools, and unique testing facilities help industry overcome challenges to bringing new wind technology to the marketplace. Some of these success stories are described in NREL's Wind R&D Success Stories. We also work closely with universities and other national laboratories supporting fundamental research in wind technologies, including aerodynamics, aeroacoustics, and material sciences essential in the development of new blade technologies and advanced controls, power electronics, and testing to further refine drivetrain topology.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical wind shear" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Wind Power Career Chat  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document will teach students about careers in the wind energy industry. Wind energy, both land-based and offshore, is expected to provide thousands of new jobs in the next several decades. Wind energy companies are growing rapidly to meet America's demand for clean, renewable, and domestic energy. These companies need skilled professionals. Wind power careers will require educated people from a variety of areas. Trained and qualified workers manufacture, construct, operate, and manage wind energy facilities. The nation will also need skilled researchers, scientists, and engineers to plan and develop the next generation of wind energy technologies.

Not Available

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Wind power today  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This publication highlights initiatives of the US DOE`s Wind Energy Program. 1997 yearly activities are also very briefly summarized. The first article describes a 6-megawatt wind power plant installed in Vermont. Another article summarizes technical advances in wind turbine technology, and describes next-generation utility and small wind turbines in the planning stages. A village power project in Alaska using three 50-kilowatt turbines is described. Very brief summaries of the Federal Wind Energy Program and the National Wind Technology Center are also included in the publication.

NONE

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Wind energy information guide  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This book is divided into nine chapters. Chapters 1--8 provide background and annotated references on wind energy research, development, and commercialization. Chapter 9 lists additional sources of printed information and relevant organizations. Four indices provide alphabetical access to authors, organizations, computer models and design tools, and subjects. A list of abbreviations and acronyms is also included. Chapter topics include: introduction; economics of using wind energy; wind energy resources; wind turbine design, development, and testing; applications; environmental issues of wind power; institutional issues; and wind energy systems development.

NONE

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

The Kurtosis of the Cosmic Shear Field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the fourth-order moment of the cosmic shear field using the dark matter halo approach to describe the nonlinear gravitational evolution of structure in the universe. Since the third-order moment of the shear field vanishes because of symmetry, non-Gaussian signatures in its one-point statistics emerge at the fourth-order level. We argue that the shear kurtosis parameter S_4 = /^3 may be more directly applicable to realistic data than the well-studied higher-order statistics of the convergence field, since obtaining the convergence requires a non-local reconstruction from the measured shear field. We compare our halo model predictions for the variance, skewness and kurtosis of lensing fields with ray-tracing simulations of cold dark matter models and find good agreement. The shear kurtosis calculation is made tractable by developing approximations for fast and accurate evaluations of the 8-dimensional integrals needed to obtain the kurtosis. We show that on small scales it is dominated by correlations within halos more massive than 10^14 solar masses. The shear kurtosis is sensitive to the mass density parameter of the universe, Omega, and has relatively weak dependences on other parameters. The approximations we develop for the third- and fourth-order moments allow for accurate halo model predictions for the 3-dimensional mass distribution as well. We demonstrate their accuracy in the small scale regime, below 2 Mpc, where analytical approaches used in the literature so far cease to be accurate.

Masahiro Takada; Bhuvnesh Jain

2002-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

485

Shear banding in soft glassy materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many soft materials, including foams, dense emulsions, micro gel bead suspensions, star polymers, dense packing of surfactant onion micelles, and textured morphologies of liquid crystals, share the basic "glassy" features of structural disorder and metastability. These in turn give rise to several notable features in the low frequency shear rheology (deformation and flow properties) of these materials: in particular, the existence of a yield stress below which the material behaves like a solid, and above which it flows like a liquid. In the last decade, intense experimental activity has also revealed that these materials often display a phenomenon known as shear banding, in which the flow profile across the shear cell exhibits macroscopic bands of different viscosity. Two distinct classes of yield stress fluid have been identified: those in which the shear bands apparently persist permanently (for as long as the flow remains applied), and those in which banding arises only transiently during a process in which a steady flowing state is established out of an initial rest state (for example, in a shear startup or step stress experiment). After surveying the motivating experimental data, we describe recent progress in addressing it theoretically, using the soft glassy rheology model and a simple fluidity model. We also briefly place these theoretical approaches in the context of others in the literature, including elasto-plastic models, shear transformation zone theories, and molecular dynamics simulations. We discuss finally some challenges that remain open to theory and experiment alike.

Suzanne M. Fielding

2013-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

486

2008 Wind Energy Projects, Wind Powering America (Poster)  

SciTech Connect

The Wind Powering America program produces a poster at the end of every calendar year that depicts new U.S. wind energy projects. The 2008 poster includes the following projects: Stetson Wind Farm in Maine; Dutch Hill Wind Farm in New York; Grand Ridge Wind Energy Center in Illinois; Hooper Bay, Alaska; Forestburg, South Dakota; Elbow Creek Wind Project in Texas; Glacier Wind Farm in Montana; Wray, Colorado; Smoky Hills Wind Farm in Kansas; Forbes Park Wind Project in Massachusetts; Spanish Fork, Utah; Goodland Wind Farm in Indiana; and the Tatanka Wind Energy Project on the border of North Dakota and South Dakota.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Experimental assessment of air permeability in a concrete shear wall subjected to simulated seismic loading  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A safety concern for the proposed Special Nuclear Materials Laboratory (SNML) facility at the Los Alamos National Laboratory was air leakage from the facility if it were to experience a design basis earthquake event. To address this concern, a study was initiated to estimate air leakage, driven by wind-generated pressure gradients, from a seismically damaged concrete structure. This report describes a prototype experiment developed and performed to measure the air permeability in a reinforced concrete shear wall, both before and after simulated seismic loading. A shear wall test structure was fabricated with standard 4000-psi concrete mix. Static load-cycle testing was used to simulate earthquake loading. Permeability measurements were made by pressurizing one side of the shear wall above atmospheric conditions and recording the transient pressure decay. As long as the structure exhibited linear load displacement response, no variation in the air permeability was detected. However, experimental results indicate that the air permeability in the shear wall increased by a factor of 40 after the wall had been damaged (cracked). 17 figs., 8 tabs.

Girrens, S.P.; Farrar, C.R.

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Mixing in a Moderately Sheared Salt-Fingering Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mixing due to sheared salt fingers is studied by means of direct numerical simulations (DNS) of a double-diffusively unstable shear layer. The focus is on the “moderate shear” case, where shear is strong enough to produce Kelvin–Helmholtz (KH) ...

W. D. Smyth; S. Kimura

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

User's guide for a personal computer model of turbulence at a wind turbine rotor  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document is primarily (1) a user's guide for the personal computer (PC) version of the code for the PNL computational model of the rotationally sampled wind speed (RODASIM11) and (2) a brief guide to the growing literature on the subject of rotationally sampled turbulence, from which the model is derived. The model generates values of turbulence experienced by single points fixed in the rotating frame of reference of an arbitrary wind turbine blade. The character of the turbulence depends on the specification of mean wind speed, the variance of turbulence, the crosswind and along-wind integral scales of turbulence, mean wind shear, and the hub height, radius, and angular speed of rotation of any point at which wind fluctuation is to be calculated. 13 refs., 4 figs., 4 tabs.

Connell, J.R.; Powell, D.C.; Gower, G.L.

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Kinematic Fitting of Detached Vertices  

SciTech Connect

The eg3 experiment at the Jefferson Lab CLAS detector aims to determine the existence of the $\\Xi_{5}$ pentaquarks and investigate the excited $\\Xi$ states. Specifically, the exotic $\\Xi_{5}^{--}$ pentaquark will be sought by first reconstructing the $\\Xi^{-}$ particle through its weak decays, $\\Xi^{-}\\to\\pi^{-}\\Lambda$ and $\\Lambda\\to\\pi^{-}$. A kinematic fitting routine was developed to reconstruct the detached vertices of these decays, where confidence level cuts on the fits are used to remove background events. Prior to fitting these decays, the exclusive reaction $\\gamma D\\rightarrow pp\\pi^{-}$ was studied in order to correct the track measurements and covariance matrices of the charged particles. The $\\Lambda\\rightarrow p\\pi^{-}$ and $\\Xi^{-}\\to\\pi^{-}\\Lambda$ decays were then investigated to demonstrate that the kinematic fitting routine reconstructs the decaying particles and their detached vertices correctly.

Paul Mattione

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

2008 WIND TECHNOLOGIES MARKET REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prepared for the Utility Wind Integration Group. Arlington,Wind Logics, Inc. 2004. Wind Integration Study—Final Report.EnerNex Corp. 2006. Wind Integration Study for Public

Bolinger, Mark

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Energy Basics: Wind Power Animation  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

EERE: Energy Basics Wind Power Animation This animation discusses the advantages of wind power, the workings of a wind turbine, and wind resources in the United States. It also...

493

Wind Blog | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wind Blog Wind Blog RSS September 26, 2013 Wind Farm Brings Clean, Affordable Energy to Alaskan Cooperative How can we make it easier for more communities to use wind power?...

494

2010 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

growth in U.S. wind turbine manufacturing capability and the drop in wind power plantgrowth in U.S. wind turbine manufacturing capability and the drop in wind power plant

Wiser, Ryan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Virtual Wind Speed Sensor for Wind Turbines Andrew Kusiak1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Virtual Wind Speed Sensor for Wind Turbines Andrew Kusiak1 ; Haiyang Zheng2 ; and Zijun Zhang3 Abstract: A data-driven approach for development of a virtual wind-speed sensor for wind turbines is presented. The virtual wind-speed sensor is built from historical wind-farm data by data-mining algorithms

Kusiak, Andrew

496

Vertical Flow Wetland Pilot Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is an interim report to present the preliminary results of a study conducted by Duke Energy to test the potential effectiveness of vertical flow wetlands (VFWs) for the removal of selenium, mercury, and other related compounds from a flue gas desulfurization (FGD) discharge. These compounds commonly are found in and regulated for coal-fired utility water discharges. There is a widespread need for a cost-effective alternative to physiochemical treatment to maintain compliance for these parameters, on...

2008-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

497

Atmospheric Stability Impacts on Power Curves of Tall Wind Turbines - An Analysis of a West Coast North American Wind Farm  

SciTech Connect

Tall wind turbines, with hub heights at 80 m or above, can extract large amounts of energy from the atmosphere because they are likely to encounter higher wind speeds, but they face challenges given the complex nature of wind flow and turbulence at these heights in the boundary layer. Depending on whether the boundary layer is stable, neutral, or convective, the mean wind speed, direction, and turbulence properties may vary greatly across the tall turbine swept area (40 to 120 m AGL). This variability can cause tall turbines to produce difference amounts of power during time periods with identical hub height wind speeds. Using meteorological and power generation data from a West Coast North American wind farm over a one-year period, our study synthesizes standard wind park observations, such as wind speed from turbine nacelles and sparse meteorological tower observations, with high-resolution profiles of wind speed and turbulence from a remote sensing platform, to quantify the impact of atmospheric stability on power output. We first compare approaches to defining atmospheric stability. The standard, limited, wind farm operations enable the calculation only of a wind shear exponent ({alpha}) or turbulence intensity (I{sub U}) from cup anemometers, while the presence at this wind farm of a SODAR enables the direct observation of turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) throughout the turbine rotor disk. Additionally, a nearby research meteorological station provided observations of the Obukhov length, L, a direct measure of atmospheric stability. In general, the stability parameters {alpha}, I{sub U}, and TKE are in high agreement with the more physically-robust L, with TKE exhibiting the best agreement with L. Using these metrics, data periods are segregated by stability class to investigate power performance dependencies. Power output at this wind farm is highly correlated with atmospheric stability during the spring and summer months, while atmospheric stability exerts little impact on power output during the winter and autumn periods. During the spring and summer seasons, power output for a given wind speed was significantly higher during stable conditions and significantly lower during strongly convective conditions: power output differences approached 20% between stable and convective regimes. The dependency of stability on power output was apparent only when both turbulence and the shape of the wind speed profile were considered. Turbulence is one of the mechanisms by which atmospheric stability affects a turbine's power curve at this particular site, and measurements of turbulence can yield actionable insights into wind turbine behavior.

Wharton, S; Lundquist, J K

2010-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

498

Atmospheric Stability Impacts on Power Curves of Tall Wind Turbines - An Analysis of a West Coast North American Wind Farm  

SciTech Connect

Tall wind turbines, with hub heights at 80 m or above, can extract large amounts of energy from the atmosphere because they are likely to encounter higher wind speeds, but they face challenges given the complex nature of wind flow and turbulence at these heights in the boundary layer. Depending on whether the boundary layer is stable, neutral, or convective, the mean wind speed, direction, and turbulence properties may vary greatly across the tall turbine swept area (40 to 120 m AGL). This variability can cause tall turbines to produce difference amounts of power during time periods with identical hub height wind speeds. Using meteorological and power generation data from a West Coast North American wind farm over a one-year period, our study synthesizes standard wind park observations, such as wind speed from turbine nacelles and sparse meteorological tower observations, with high-resolution profiles of wind speed and turbulence from a remote sensing platform, to quantify the impact of atmospheric stability on power output. We first compare approaches to defining atmospheric stability. The standard, limited, wind farm operations enable the calculation only of a wind shear exponent ({alpha}) or turbulence intensity (I{sub U}) from cup anemometers, while the presence at this wind farm of a SODAR enables the direct observation of turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) throughout the turbine rotor disk. Additionally, a nearby research meteorological station provided observations of the Obukhov length, L, a direct measure of atmospheric stability. In general, the stability parameters {alpha}, I{sub U}, and TKE are in high agreement with the more physically-robust L, with TKE exhibiting the best agreement with L. Using these metrics, data periods are segregated by stability class to investigate power performance dependencies. Power output at this wind farm is highly correlated with atmospheric stability during the spring and summer months, while atmospheric stability exerts little impact on power output during the winter and autumn periods. During the spring and summer seasons, power output for a given wind speed was significantly higher during stable conditions and significantly lower during strongly convective conditions: power output differences approached 20% between stable and convective regimes. The dependency of stability on power output was apparent only when both turbulence and the shape of the wind speed profile were considered. Turbulence is one of the mechanisms by which atmospheric stability affects a turbine's power curve at this particular site, and measurements of turbulence can yield actionable insights into wind turbine behavior.

Wharton, S; Lundquist, J K

2010-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

499

Determining Vertical Water Velocities from Seaglider  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertical velocities in the world’s oceans are typically small, less than 1 cm s?1, posing a significant challenge for observational techniques. Seaglider, an autonomous profiling instrument, can be used to estimate vertical water velocity in the ...

Eleanor Frajka-Williams; Charles C. Eriksen; Peter B. Rhines; Ramsey R. Harcourt

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Vertical Motion of Neutrally Buoyant Floats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The vertical motion of a neutrally buoyant float is determined from the solution to the nonlinear forced harmonic oscillator equation originally set forth by Voorhis. Float response to forced vertical oscillations is characterized by the response ...

Louis Goodman; Edward R. Levine

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z