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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical sonic cross-section" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

In situ oil shale retort with a generally T-shaped vertical cross section  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An in situ oil shale retort is formed in a subterranean formation containing oil shale. The retort contains a fragmented permeable mass of formation particles containing oil shale and has a production level drift in communication with a lower portion of the fragmented mass for withdrawing liquid and gaseous products of retorting during retorting of oil shale in the fragmented mass. The principal portion of the fragmented mass is spaced vertically above a lower production level portion having a generally T-shaped vertical cross section. The lower portion of the fragmented mass has a horizontal cross sectional area smaller than the horizontal cross sectional area of the upper principal portion of the fragmented mass above the production level.

Ricketts, Thomas E. (Grand Junction, CO)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

17O Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

p, X) (Current as of 05152012) NSR Reaction Ep (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 2010SE11 17O(p, ): nuclear excitation function 0 - 0.7 1 06222011 1973RO03...

3

11B Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

p, X) (Current as of 05152012) NSR Reaction Ep (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 2004RO27, 2004SP03 11B(p, ): deduced , S-factor Ecm 0 - 1 X4 11072012...

4

18O Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

, X) (Current as of 05142012) NSR Reaction E (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 2003DA19 18O(, ): deduced resonance strengths 470 - 770 keV X4 02132012...

5

12C Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

, X) (Current as of 05142012) NSR Reaction E (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 2009MA70 12C(, 0): 0 - 2.27 X4 05012012 1997KU18 12C(, ): analyzed...

6

7Li Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

, X) (Current as of 05142012) NSR Reaction E (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 2004GY02 7Li(, ): deduced absolute resonance strengths 810 - 820 keV X4 02...

7

7Li Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

p, X) (Current as of 05152012) NSR Reaction Ep (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 1997GO13 7Li(pol. p, ): total , S-factor for capture to third-excited state 0 -...

8

4He Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4He(, X) (Current as of 05142012) NSR Reaction E (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 1978HI04 4He(, ): elastic scattering excitation function 32.6 - 35.4 ...

9

15N Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

, X) (Current as of 05142012) NSR Reaction E (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 2002WI18 15N( ): 461 - 2642 keV X4 09122011 1997WI12 15N( ): 0.65...

10

6Li Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

, X) (Current as of 01212015) NSR Reaction E (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 1985NE05 6Li(, ): thick target yield resonance X4 02152012 1966FO05...

11

19F Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

, X) (Current as of 01212015) NSR Reaction E (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 2008UG01 19F(, p): yield curves, 792 - 1993 keV X4 09142011 2005UG04...

12

9Be Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

, X) (Current as of 01212015) NSR Reaction E (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 1994WR01 9Be(, n): , thick target yield, deduced S-factor Ecm 0.16 - 1.87...

13

11B Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

, X) (Current as of 01212015) NSR Reaction E (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 1991WA02 11B(, n): thick-target yield of E 411, 605 and 606 keV resonance...

14

20Ne Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

, X) (Current as of 01212015) NSR Reaction E (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 1983SC17 20Ne(, ): deduced S-factor of capture 0.55 - 3.2 X4 09152011...

15

10B Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

, X) (Current as of 01212015) NSR Reaction E (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 1992MC03 10B(, ): relative to Rutherford scattering 1 - 3.3 X4 05022012...

16

3He Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

, X) (Current as of 05142012) NSR Reaction E (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 1982KR05 3He(, ): Ecm 107 - 1266 keV X4 01052012 1969NA24 3He(, ):...

17

14N Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4N(, X) (Current as of 05142012) NSR Reaction E (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 1971CO27 14N(, ): thick target yield 0.5 - 1.2 1 08042011 2000GO43...

18

Cross-Section Measurement  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cross-Section Measurement of 2 H(n,np)n at 16 MeV in Symmetric Constant Relative Energy Configurations Alexander Hoff Couture A dissertation submitted to the faculty of the...

19

Cross-section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cross-section Cross-section formulae for specific processes 1 39. CROSS-SECTION FORMULAE FOR SPECIFIC PROCESSES Revised September 2005 by R.N. Cahn (LBNL). Setting aside leptoproduction (for which, see Sec. 16), the cross sections of primary interest are those with light incident particles, e + e - , γγ, qq, gq , gg, etc., where g and q represent gluons and light quarks. The produced particles include both light particles and heavy ones - t, W , Z, and the Higgs boson H. We provide the production cross sections calculated within the Standard Model for several such processes. 39.1. Resonance Formation Resonant cross sections are generally described by the Breit-Wigner formula (Sec. 16 of this Review). σ(E) = 2J + 1 (2S 1 + 1)(2S 2 + 1) 4π k 2 Γ 2 /4 (E - E 0 ) 2 + Γ 2 /4 B in B out , (39.1) where E is the c.m. energy, J is the spin of the resonance, and the number of polarization states of the two incident particles

20

16O Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6O(, X) (Current as of 05142012) NSR Reaction E (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 1971TO06 16O(, ): 0.85 - 1.8 X4 09152011 1953CA44 16O(, ): 0.94...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical sonic cross-section" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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21

14C Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4C(p, X) (Incomplete) NSR Reaction Ep (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 1969SI04 14C(p, ): -rays yield for 230 - 690 keV E 2.8 MeV 08152013 1990GO25 14C(p,...

22

6Li Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6Li(p, X) (Current as of 05152012) NSR Reaction Ep (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 2004TU02 6Li(p, ): coincidence yields, deduced S-factors low 1, S-factors from...

23

9Be Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

p, X) (Current as of 05152012) NSR Reaction Ep (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 1997ZA06 9Be(p, ), (p, d): S-factor 16 - 390 keV X4 01232013 1973SI27 9Be(p,...

24

16O Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

p, X) (Incomplete) NSR Reaction Ep (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 1973MC12 16O(p, ): threshold - 7.7 X4 10172012 1981DY03 16O(p, p): for production of...

25

18O Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

p, X) (Current as of 05152012) NSR Reaction Ep (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 2008LA06 18O(p, ): deduced S-factor Ecm 0 - 1.5 46 12032012 1990CH32...

26

20Ne Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

p, X) (Current as of 05152012) NSR Reaction Ep (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 1981DY03 20Ne(p, p'): for production of -rays threshold - 23 1.63-MeV -rays...

27

15N Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

p, X) (Current as of 05152012) NSR Reaction Ep (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 1990WA10 15N(p, n): < 30 X4 04262012 1982RE06 15N(p, ): 78 - 810 keV X4...

28

11C Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

C(p, X) (Current as of 05152012) NSR Reaction Ep (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 2003LI51 11C(p, ): deduced S-factor low X4 09122011 2003TA02 11C(p, ):...

29

19F Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

p, X) (Incomplete) NSR Reaction Ep (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 1990WA10 19F(p, n): < 30 X4 04262012 2008CO03 19F(p, ): Ecm 200 - 700 keV X4 0514...

30

4He Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

p, X) (Incomplete) NSR Reaction Ep (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 1974KR07 4He(p, p): 0.5 - 3 X4 10232014 2004PU02 4He(p, p): ( 128.7) 1.2 - 5.2 X4 10...

31

3He Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

p, X) (Current as of 05152012) NSR Reaction Ep (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 1980BE06 3He(pol. p, p): 0.3 - 1.0 X4 10302014 1964IM03 3He(p, ): deduced ...

32

17O Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

, X) (Current as of 05142012) NSR Reaction E (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 1973BA10 17O(, n): neutron yields with target thickness 0.9 - 5.3 2.5 keV, 6...

33

3H Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

H(, X) (Current as of 05142012) NSR Reaction E (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 2001TO07 3H(, ): deduced S-factor Ecm 0.05 - 0.8 X4 01092012 1994BR25...

34

14N Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

p, X) (Incomplete) NSR Reaction Ep (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 2003MU12 14N(p, ): deduced astrophysical S-factors < 600 keV X4 05062013 1990WA10 14N(p, n):...

35

12C Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

p, X) (Current as of 05152012) NSR Reaction Ep (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 2001NE15 12C(p, ): , deduced S(E) ratio < 160 keV X4 10282014 1993CH02 12C(p,...

36

10B Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

p, X) (Current as of 05152012) NSR Reaction Ep (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 2010LA11 10B(p, ): deduced S(E) E(cm) 0 - 0.15 1 11302011 1993AN06 10B(p, ):...

37

10Be Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Be(p, X) (Current as of 05152012) NSR Reaction Ep (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 1970GO04 10Be(p, 0): 0.6 - 6.3 0, 90 06052012 1987ERZY...

38

13C Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

p, X) (Current as of 05152012) NSR Reaction Ep (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 2001NE15 13C(p, ): , deduced S(E) ratio < 160 keV X4 09122011 1994KI02 13C(p,...

39

13C Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3C(, X) (Current as of 01212015) NSR Reaction E (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 2006JO11 13C(, n): deduced S(E) 0 - 1 from (1993BR17), from (1993DR08) X4...

40

Cross section for nuclear fusion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... gamma rays. In recent years there have been many studies of the cross section for nuclear fusion, and some features of the process are now understood (Nature, 256, 261; ... velocities fusion cannot take place at all.

P. E. Hodgson

1976-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical sonic cross-section" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Absorption cross section in Lifshitz black hole  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive the absorption cross section of a minimally coupled scalar in the Lifshitz black hole obtained from the new massive gravity. The absorption cross section reduces to the horizon area in the low energy and massless limit of s-wave mode propagation, indicating that the Lifshitz black hole also satisfies the universality of low energy absorption cross section for black holes.

Taeyoon Moon; Yun Soo Myung

2012-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

42

Backscattering cross section of a roughened sphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The backscattering cross section of a perfectly conducting, roughened sphere is presented. It is derived from the calculation of the electric-field cross correlation at two temporal...

Schertler, Donald J; George, Nicholas

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

High-Energy Cross Sections. II. Nucleon-Nucleon Cross Section at Cosmic-Ray Energies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cosmic-ray measurements are capable of yielding reliable results for the cross section of a nucleus for proton or neutron collisions involving a not too small energy transfer. This cross section should therefore be less than, or at most equal to, the true nonelastic cross section (reaction cross section). Results of recent cosmic-ray work are assembled and compared with the reaction cross sections measured at 1.4 Bev with the Brookhaven Cosmotron; it is found that the cosmic-ray cross sections are significantly larger, even for Pb. Assuming a nonuniform distribution of the density of nuclear matter, one can explain this surprising effect as the result of an increase in the elementary nucleon-nucleon cross section with energy. It is shown that the elementary cross section (the average of ?pp and ?np) must be (120-20+30)10-27 cm2 in the neighborhood of 30 Bev.

Robert W. Williams

1955-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Collision Cross Sections for D D Neutrons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The nuclear collision cross sections of 22 elements for the neutrons from a deuteron-deuteron source have been measured. The geometrical arrangement of the experiment was such that only small corrections to the measured transmission were necessary. The neutron energy was 2.880.04 Mev. The cross sections are found to vary irregularly with the atomic weight. The proton cross section determined for both paraffin and water scatterers is found to be 2.3610-24 cm2, which is smaller than the value predicted by theory. In addition, the cross sections of a number of elements for neutrons of 2.46 Mev energy have been measured. For some elements the cross section is found to increase with an increase in neutron energy, for others it decreases.

W. H. Zinn; S. Seely; V. W. Cohen

1939-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Neutron Total Cross Sections at 20 Mev  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With the T(d,n)He4 reaction as a monoenergetic source of neutrons of about 20 Mev, the total cross sections of 13 elements have been measured by a transmission experiment. These cross sections vary approximately as A23 as is to be expected from the continuum theory of nuclear reactions. The cross section for hydrogen at 19.93 Mev is 0.5040.01 barn. This result, together with other results at lower energies, seems to require a Yukawa potential in both the singlet and triplet n-p states and a singlet effective range that is lower than that obtained from p-p scattering data.

Robert B. Day and Richard L. Henkel

1953-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

46

MODELING AND FISSION CROSS SECTIONS FOR AMERICIUM.  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of the work performed under the LANL contract on the modeling and fission cross section for americium isotopes (May 2004-June 2005). The purpose of the contract was to provide fission cross sections for americium isotopes with the nuclear reaction model code EMPIRE 2.19. The following work was performed: (1) Fission calculations capability suitable for americium was implemented to the EMPIRE-2.19 code. (2) Calculations of neutron-induced fission cross sections for {sup 239}Am to {sup 244g}Am were performed with EMPIRE-2.19 for energies up to 20 MeV. For the neutron-induced reaction of {sup 240}Am, fission cross sections were predicted and uncertainties were assessed. (3) Set of fission barrier heights for each americium isotopes was chosen so that the new calculations fit the experimental data and follow the systematics found in the literature.

ROCHMAN, D.; HERMAN, M.; OBLOZINSKY, P.

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Cross-Section Measurement near 50 Bev  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An experiment to measure the cross section for high-energy cosmic-ray protons and neutrons to interact with the Fe nucleus has been carried out at 3250 m elevation. The detector had a relatively good energy resolution, and was designed to select nucleons in the vicinity of 50 Bev. The purpose was to obtain a single interaction cross section with good accuracy in order to compare it with results obtained with accelerators in the 1- to 5-Bev region. This comparison yields a value for the elementary meson-production cross section [the average of ?(pp) and ?(np)] near 50 Bev. The Fe results are: neutrons, ?Fe=0.610.03 barn; protons, ?Fe=0.610.04 barn. The corresponding average nucleon-nucleon "inelastic" (presumably meson production) cross section is ?nucleon=214 millibarns.

A. E. Brenner and Robert W. Williams

1957-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Absorption cross section of RN black hole  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The behavior of a charged scalar field in the RN black hole space time is studied using WKB approximation. In the present work it is assumed that matter waves can get reflected from the event horizon. Using this effect, the Hawking temperature and the absorption cross section for RN black hole placed in a charged scalar field are calculated. The absorption cross section $\\sigma _{abs}$ is found to be inversely proportional to square of the Hawking temperature of the black hole.

Sini R.; V. C. Kuriakose

2007-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

49

Double-differential light-ion production cross sections  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......deuteron breakup production cross sections...alpha fragmentation production cross sections, with hydrogen as the target, is...neutron and proton production cross sections...semi-classical geometric methods to describe the fragmentation......

T. M. Miller; L. W. Townsend

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Appendix - Neutron Scattering Lengths and Cross Sections  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this appendix, we present an updated table of neutron scattering lengths and cross sections for most of the known nuclides, based on preexisting works. We include the coherent and incoherent scattering lengths, as well as the spin-dependent scattering lengths b+ and b?, in cases where this information is available. Also presented are the scattering coherent, incoherent, total, and absorption cross sections. We present an overview of the fundamental theory of the magnitudes to which the table is referred, and also a summary of the main experimental techniques used in determining these magnitudes.

Javier Dawidowski; Jos Rolando Granada; Javier Roberto Santisteban; Florencia Cantargi; Luis Alberto Rodrguez Palomino

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Precise neutron inelastic cross section measurements  

SciTech Connect

The design of a new generation of nuclear reactors requires the development of a very precise neutron cross section database. Ongoing experiments performed at dedicated facilities aim to the measurement of such cross sections with an unprecedented uncertainty of the order of 5% or even smaller. We give an overview of such a facility: the Gamma Array for Inelastic Neutron Scattering (GAINS) installed at the GELINA neutron source of IRMM, Belgium. Some of the most challenging difficulties of the experimental approach are emphasized and recent results are shown.

Negret, Alexandru [Horia Hulubei National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Reactorului 30, 077125 Bucharest-Magurele (Romania)

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

52

Total Cross Sections for Neutron Scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measurements of neutron total cross-sections are both extensive and extremely accurate. Although they place a strong constraint on theoretically constructed models, there are relatively few comparisons of predictions with experiment. The total cross-sections for neutron scattering from $^{16}$O and $^{40}$Ca are calculated as a function of energy from $50-700$~MeV laboratory energy with a microscopic first order optical potential derived within the framework of the Watson expansion. Although these results are already in qualitative agreement with the data, the inclusion of medium corrections to the propagator is essential to correctly predict the energy dependence given by the experiment.

C. R. Chinn; Ch. Elster; R. M. Thaler; S. P. Weppner

1994-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

53

Covariance Evaluation Methodology for Neutron Cross Sections  

SciTech Connect

We present the NNDC-BNL methodology for estimating neutron cross section covariances in thermal, resolved resonance, unresolved resonance and fast neutron regions. The three key elements of the methodology are Atlas of Neutron Resonances, nuclear reaction code EMPIRE, and the Bayesian code implementing Kalman filter concept. The covariance data processing, visualization and distribution capabilities are integral components of the NNDC methodology. We illustrate its application on examples including relatively detailed evaluation of covariances for two individual nuclei and massive production of simple covariance estimates for 307 materials. Certain peculiarities regarding evaluation of covariances for resolved resonances and the consistency between resonance parameter uncertainties and thermal cross section uncertainties are also discussed.

Herman,M.; Arcilla, R.; Mattoon, C.M.; Mughabghab, S.F.; Oblozinsky, P.; Pigni, M.; Pritychenko, b.; Songzoni, A.A.

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

and Cross-Sections at the LHC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Measurements of the Z ? ? ? and W ? ? ? ? cross-sections at the LHC with data taken at s = 7 TeV are reported for the ATLAS, CMS, and \\{LHCb\\} experiments. All results are found to agree with the Standard Model.

Philip Ilten

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Inclusive jet cross section at CDF  

SciTech Connect

This contribution reports on preliminary measurements of the inclusive jet production cross section in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV using data collected with CDF corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 385 pb{sup -1}. Two analyzes are presented: one uses the longitudinally invariant k{sub T} algorithm to reconstruct the jets, the other uses the midpoint algorithm. Both are limited to jets with rapidity in the range 0.1 < |y{sup jet}| < 0.7. The measured cross sections are in good agreement with next-to-leading order perturbative QCD predictions after including the non-perturbative corrections necessary to account for underlying event and hadronization effects.

Lefevre, R.; Martinez, M.; /Barcelona, IFAE

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Continuous Photoelectric Absorption Cross Section of Helium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The continuous photoelectric absorption cross section of helium has been measured in the spectral region extending from 180 to 600 A with greater accuracy and the observations are found to agree with the calculations of Huang and Stewart and Wilkinson. A grazing incidence spectrometer with a photomultiplier was used for a single measurement at 180 A while the remaining measurements were carried out in a normal incidence spectrometer utilizing photographic techniques. Whereas in previous experiments the absorbing gas sample was allowed to fill the entire spectrometer chamber, in the current measurements the gas was confined to a small cell provided with sufficiently transparent windows. The use of an absorption cell reduces contamination and facilitates the measurement of gas pressures. The results indicate that the cross section varies from a value of 0.980.04 Mb at 180 A to a value of 7.70.3 Mb at the absorption edge located at 504 A.

D. J. Baker; Jr.; D. E. Bedo; D. H. Tomboulian

1961-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Asymptotic cross sections for composite projectile reactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the lower energy regime (-100MeV/amu) where the First Born Approximation is not considered to be appropriate. C. Reading, Hall, and Ford In 1993, RHF developed a model known as the static mean field model for inclusive cross sections involving... an unscreened, complete Bom Bare Proton calculation and a First Born Bare Proton (FBBP) calculation. First, it is obvious that agreement between the two-electron First Born result provided by BK and that of the RHF model above 200 kev/amu is remarkable...

Neves, Andrea Marolt Pimenta

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

58

Direct (?+,pd) cross sections for light nuclei  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The angular distributions of the inclusive (?+,pd) cross section were measured for Li6, Li7, and C at T?=70, 130, and 165 MeV over a wide angular range. They were found very similar to that of the ?+3H(3He)?N+d reaction at the low-momentum-transfer region, especially for Li isotopes. However, at the higher-momentum-transfer region, slight peaks which were not expected in the ?+3H(3He)?N+d were observed.

H. Yokota; S. Igarashi; K. Hama; T. Mori; T. Katsumi; K. Nakayama; K. Ichimaru; R. Chiba; K. Nakai; J. Chiba

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

MiniBooNE QE Cross Section Data Release  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to the public: CCQE cross sections: MiniBooNE flux table of predicted MiniBooNE muon neutrino flux (Table V) flux-integrated double differential cross section (Figure 13)...

60

Experiments on Antiprotons: Antiproton-Nucleon Cross Sections  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

In this paper experiments are reported on annihilation and scattering of antiprotons in H{sub 2}O , D{sub 2}O, and O{sub 2}. From the data measured it is possible to obtain an antiproton-proton and an antiproton-deuteron cross section at 457 Mev (lab). Further analysis gives the p-p and p-n cross sections as 104 mb for the p-p reaction cross section and 113 mb for the p-n reaction cross section. The respective annihilation cross sections are 89 and 74 mb. The Glauber correction necessary in order to pass from the p-d to the p-n cross section by subtraction of the p-p cross section is unfortunately large and somewhat uncertain. The data are compared with the p-p and p-n cross sections and with other results on p-p collisions.

Chamberlain, Owen; Keller, Donald V.; Mermond, Ronald; Segre, Emilio; Steiner, Herbert M.; Ypsilantis, Tom

1957-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical sonic cross-section" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

FUSION CROSS-SECTIONS AND THE NEW DYNAMICS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy-dependence o f the fusion cross-section. A comparison with recent experiments promises to provide

Swiatecki, W.J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Fusion Cross-Section Measurements with Deuterons of Low Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

5 December 1961 research-article Fusion Cross-Section Measurements with Deuterons...theory and to calculations of the rate of thermonuclear reactions. Until now reliable values...cross-sections. The method of measuring the fusion cross-sections made use of an intense...

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Magnetic Levitation System The following figure shows the cross section of a magnetic levitation (MAGLEV) train.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetic Levitation System The following figure shows the cross section of a magnetic levitation in matched pairs. The magnetic attraction of the vertically paired magnets balances the force of gravity and levitates the vehicle above the guideway. d h z Train Track Magnets Fixed Reference Line Magnets

Hagan, Martin

64

Correlation cross sections along the international border  

SciTech Connect

The Manitoba-North Dakota (Canada-US) stratigraphic correlation project is a joint study between the Petroleum Branch of Manitoba Energy and Mines and the North Dakota Geological Survey. It is an attempt to correlate the differing stratigraphic terminologies established in the two jurisdictions by providing a reference cross section across the international boundary. The study involves the subsurface correlation of logs of the Paleozoic and Mesozoic sequences in the Manitoba and North Dakota portions of the Williston basin. The Paleozoic and Mesozoic sequences are subdivided for presentation into the following stratigraphic intervals: (a) Cambrian-Ordovician-Silurian, (b) Devonian, (c) Mississippian, (d) Jurassic, and (e) Cretaceous. Wireline logs show the actual stratigraphic correlations. A nomenclature chart is also presented from each sequence. In addition, the sections include a generalized description of lithologies, thicknesses, environments of deposition, and petroleum potential for each geographic area.

Martiniuk, C.D. (Manitoba Energy and Mines, Winnipeg (Canada)); Le Fever, J.A.; Anderson, S.B. (North Dakota Geological Survey, Grand Forks (United States))

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

ISSUES IN NEUTRON CROSS SECTION COVARIANCES  

SciTech Connect

We review neutron cross section covariances in both the resonance and fast neutron regions with the goal to identify existing issues in evaluation methods and their impact on covariances. We also outline ideas for suitable covariance quality assurance procedures.We show that the topic of covariance data remains controversial, the evaluation methodologies are not fully established and covariances produced by different approaches have unacceptable spread. The main controversy is in very low uncertainties generated by rigorous evaluation methods and much larger uncertainties based on simple estimates from experimental data. Since the evaluators tend to trust the former, while the users tend to trust the latter, this controversy has considerable practical implications. Dedicated effort is needed to arrive at covariance evaluation methods that would resolve this issue and produce results accepted internationally both by evaluators and users.

Mattoon, C.M.; Oblozinsky,P.

2010-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

66

Resonance capture cross section of 207Pb  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The radiative neutron capture cross section of 207Pb has been measured at the CERN neutron time of flight installation n_TOF using the pulse height weighting technique in the resolved energy region. The measurement has been performed with an optimized setup of two C6D6 scintillation detectors, which allowed us to reduce scattered neutron backgrounds down to a negligible level. Resonance parameters and radiative kernels have been determined for 16 resonances by means of an R-matrix analysis in the neutron energy range from 3 keV to 320 keV. Good agreement with previous measurements was found at low neutron energies, whereas substantial discrepancies appear beyond 45 keV. With the present results, we obtain an s-process contribution of 77(8)% to the solar abundance of 207Pb. This corresponds to an r-process component of 23(8)%, which is important for deriving the U/Th ages of metal poor halo stars.

C. Domingo-Pardo

2006-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

67

Neutron capture cross sections: from theory to experiments and back  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The method for an experimental determination of the stellar enhancement factor for the cross section of the $^{151}$Sm$(n,\\gamma)$ reaction process is proposed. This study offered the pretext for an excursus on the interconnections between capture and dissociation reactions and the interplay between theory and experiments in the determination of neutron capture cross sections.

Alberto Mengoni

2005-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

68

PRELIMINARY LES OVER A HYPERSONIC ELLIPTICAL CROSS-SECTION CONE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PRELIMINARY LES OVER A HYPERSONIC ELLIPTICAL CROSS-SECTION CONE M.P. MARTIN Mechanical. The characteristics of the hypersonic flow around an elliptical- cross section cone and the computational code of transitional and turbulent flows are not fully understood. This is especially true in the hypersonic regime

Martín, Pino

69

Incoherent scattering cross sections for some ions of solar abundance  

SciTech Connect

Incoherent scattering cross sections are calculated in a relativistic formalism for a number of ions abundant in the solar atmosphere. It is argued that such cross sections are necessary for properly calculating Compton scattering and radiation transport in this or similar environments.

Kahane, Sylvian [Physics Department, Nuclear Research Center Negev, PO Box 9001, 84190 Beer Sheva (Israel)]. E-mail: skahane@bgu.ac.il

2007-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

70

Analysis of cross sections using various nuclear potential  

SciTech Connect

The relevant astrophysical reaction rates which are derived from the reaction cross sections are necessary input to the reaction network. In this work, we analyse several theoretical models of the nuclear potential which give better prediction of the cross sections for some selected reactions.

Aziz, Azni Abdul [Department of Physics, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Kulliyah of Science, International Islamic University Malaysia, 25200 Kuantan (Malaysia); Quantum Science Center, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lump (Malaysia); Kassim, Hasan Abu [Department of Physics, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Quantum Science Center, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Institute of Space Science, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Se (Malaysia); Yusof, Norhasliza [Department of Physics, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Quantum Science Center, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Muhammad Zamrun, F. [Quantum Science Center, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Jurusan Fisika FMIPA, Universitas Haluoleo Kendari, Sulawesi Tenggara, J3232 (Indonesia)

2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

71

Fission cross section measurements of actinides at LANSCE  

SciTech Connect

Fission cross sections of a range of actinides have been measured at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) in support of nuclear energy applications. By combining measurement at two LANSCE facilities, Lujan Center and the Weapons Neutron Research center (WNR), differential cross sections can be measured from sub-thermal energies up to 200 MeV. Incident neutron energies are determined using the time-of-flight method, and parallel-plate ionization chambers are used to measure fission cross sections relative to the {sup 235}U standard. Recent measurements include the {sup 233,238}U, {sup 239,242}Pu and {sup 243}Am neutron-induced fission cross sections. In this paper preliminary results for cross section data of {sup 243}Am and {sup 233}U will be presented.

Tovesson, Fredrik [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Laptev, Alexander B [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hill, Tony S [INL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Actinide neutron-induced fission cross section measurements at LANSCE  

SciTech Connect

Fission cross sections of a range of actinides have been measured at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) in support of nuclear energy applications in a wide energy range from sub-thermal energies up to 200 MeV. A parallel-plate ionization chamber are used to measure fission cross sections ratios relative to the {sup 235}U standard while incident neutron energies are determined using the time-of-flight method. Recent measurements include the {sup 233,238}U, {sup 239-242}Pu and {sup 243}Am neutron-induced fission cross sections. Obtained data are presented in comparison with ex isting evaluations and previous data.

Tovesson, Fredrik K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Laptev, Alexander B [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hill, Tony S [INL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Actinide Neutron-Induced Fission Cross Section Measurements At LANSCE  

SciTech Connect

Fission cross sections of a range of actinides have been measured at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) in support of nuclear energy applications in a wide energy range from sub thermal energies up to 200 MeV. Parallel-plate ionization chambers are used to measure fission cross sections ratios relative to the {sup 235}U standard while incident neutron energies are determined using the time-of-flight method. Recent measurements include the {sup 233,238}U, {sup 239-242}Pu and {sup 243}Am neutron-induced fission cross sections. Obtained data are presented in comparison with existing evaluations and previous data.

Tovesson, F.; Laptev, A. B. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos NM 87545 (United States); Hill, T. S. [Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls ID 83415 (United States)

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Hadronic cross sections, elastic slope and physical bounds  

SciTech Connect

An almost model-independent parametrization for the ratio of the total hadronic cross section to elastic slope is discussed. Its applicability in studies of asymptotia and analyses of extensive air shower in cosmic-ray physics is also outlined.

Fagundes, D. A.; Menon, M. J. [Instituto de Fisica Gleb Wataghin, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, UNICAMP, 13083-859 Campinas SP (Brazil)

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

75

Current Drive by Alfvn Waves in Elongated Cross Section Tokamak  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, an attempt is made to clarify some general aspects of the Alfvn current drive problem for magnetic traps. For large aspect ratio tokamaks, with an elongated cross-section, some general formulas...

V. Tsypin; A. Elfimov; M. Ttendler; F. Nekrasov

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Cross section dependence of event rates at neutrino telescopes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine the dependence of event rates at neutrino telescopes on the neutrino-nucleon cross section for neutrinos with energy above 1 PeV, and contrast the results with those for cosmic ray experiments. Scaling of the ...

Marfatia, Danny; Seckel, D.; McKay, D. W.; Hussain, S.

2006-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

77

Top quark pair cross section prospects in ATLAS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The observation of the top quark will be an important milestone in ATLAS. This talk reviews methods that ATLAS plans to use to observe the top quark pair production process and measure its cross section.

Andrei Gaponenko; for the ATLAS Collaboration

2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

78

Measurement of Heavy Quark cross-sections at CDF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The measurement of heavy quark cross-sections provides important tests of the QCD theory. This paper reviews recent measurements of single b-quark and correlated b-quark cross-sections at CDF. Two new measurements of the single b-quark production at CDF agree with the first result from CDF Run II. This clarifies the experimental situation and confirms the recent agreement of theoretical prediction with data. A new measurement of the correlated $b\\bar{b}$ cross-section with dimuon events at CDF is presented. It agrees with theory and it does not confirm the anomalously large $b\\bar{b}$ cross-section seen in Run I by CDF and D${\

A. Annovi

2007-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

79

Handbook of LHC Higgs Cross Sections: 2. Differential Distributions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This Report summarises the results of the second year's activities of the LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group. The main goal of the working group was to present the state of the art of Higgs Physics at the LHC, integrating all new results that have appeared in the last few years. The first working group report Handbook of LHC Higgs Cross Sections: 1. Inclusive Observables (CERN-2011-002) focuses on predictions (central values and errors) for total Higgs production cross sections and Higgs branching ratios in the Standard Model and its minimal supersymmetric extension, covering also related issues such as Monte Carlo generators, parton distribution functions, and pseudo-observables. This second Report represents the next natural step towards realistic predictions upon providing results on cross sections with benchmark cuts, differential distributions, details of specific decay channels, and further recent developments.

Dittmaier, S; Passarino, G; Tanaka, R; Alekhin, S; Alwall, J; Bagnaschi, E A; Banfi, A; Blumlein, J; Bolognesi, S; Chanon, N; Cheng, T; Cieri, L; Cooper-Sarkar, A M; Cutajar, M; Dawson, S; Davies, G; De Filippis, N; Degrassi, G; Denner, A; D'Enterria, D; Diglio, S; Di Micco, B; Di Nardo, R; Ellis, R K; Farilla, A; Farrington, S; Felcini, M; Ferrera, G; Flechl, M; de Florian, D; Forte, S; Ganjour, S; Garzelli, M V; Gascon-Shotkin, S; Glazov, S; Goria, S; Grazzini, M; Guillet, J -Ph; Hackstein, C; Hamilton, K; Harlander, R; Hauru, M; Heinemeyer, S; Hoche, S; Huston, J; Jackson, C; Jimenez-Delgado, P; Jorgensen, M D; Kado, M; Kallweit, S; Kardos, A; Kauer, N; Kim, H; Kovac, M; Kramer, M; Krauss, F; Kuo, C -M; Lehti, S; Li, Q; Lorenzo, N; Maltoni, F; Mellado, B; Moch, S O; Muck, A; Muhlleitner, M; Nadolsky, P; Nason, P; Neu, C; Nikitenko, A; Oleari, C; Olsen, J; Palmer, S; Paganis, S; Papadopoulos, C G; Petersen, T C; Petriello, F; Petrucci, F; Piacquadio, G; Pilon, E; Potter, C T; Price, J; Puljak, I; Quayle, W; Radescu, V; Rebuzzi, D; Reina, L; Rojo, J; Rosco, D; Salam, G P; Sapronov, A; Schaarschmidt, J; Schonherr, M; Schumacher, M; Siegert, F; Slavich, P; Spira, M; Stewart, I W; Stirling, W J; Stockli, F; Sturm, C; Tackmann, F J; Thorne, R S; Tommasini, D; Torrielli, P; Tramontano, F; Trocsanyi, Z; Ubiali, M; Uccirati, S; Acosta, M Vazquez; Vickey, T; Vicini, A; Waalewijn, W J; Wackeroth, D; Warsinsky, M; Weber, M; Wiesemann, M; Weiglein, G; Yu, J; Zanderighi, G

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Handbook of LHC Higgs Cross Sections: 2. Differential Distributions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This Report summarises the results of the second year's activities of the LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group. The main goal of the working group was to present the state of the art of Higgs Physics at the LHC, integrating all new results that have appeared in the last few years. The first working group report Handbook of LHC Higgs Cross Sections: 1. Inclusive Observables (CERN-2011-002) focuses on predictions (central values and errors) for total Higgs production cross sections and Higgs branching ratios in the Standard Model and its minimal supersymmetric extension, covering also related issues such as Monte Carlo generators, parton distribution functions, and pseudo-observables. This second Report represents the next natural step towards realistic predictions upon providing results on cross sections with benchmark cuts, differential distributions, details of specific decay channels, and further recent developments.

LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group; S. Dittmaier; C. Mariotti; G. Passarino; R. Tanaka; S. Alekhin; J. Alwall; E. A. Bagnaschi; A. Banfi; J. Blumlein; S. Bolognesi; N. Chanon; T. Cheng; L. Cieri; A. M. Cooper-Sarkar; M. Cutajar; S. Dawson; G. Davies; N. De Filippis; G. Degrassi; A. Denner; D. D'Enterria; S. Diglio; B. Di Micco; R. Di Nardo; R. K. Ellis; A. Farilla; S. Farrington; M. Felcini; G. Ferrera; M. Flechl; D. de Florian; S. Forte; S. Ganjour; M. V. Garzelli; S. Gascon-Shotkin; S. Glazov; S. Goria; M. Grazzini; J. -Ph. Guillet; C. Hackstein; K. Hamilton; R. Harlander; M. Hauru; S. Heinemeyer; S. Hoche; J. Huston; C. Jackson; P. Jimenez-Delgado; M. D. Jorgensen; M. Kado; S. Kallweit; A. Kardos; N. Kauer; H. Kim; M. Kovac; M. Kramer; F. Krauss; C. -M. Kuo; S. Lehti; Q. Li; N. Lorenzo; F. Maltoni; B. Mellado; S. O. Moch; A. Muck; M. Muhlleitner; P. Nadolsky; P. Nason; C. Neu; A. Nikitenko; C. Oleari; J. Olsen; S. Palmer; S. Paganis; C. G. Papadopoulos; T . C. Petersen; F. Petriello; F. Petrucci; G. Piacquadio; E. Pilon; C. T. Potter; J. Price; I. Puljak; W. Quayle; V. Radescu; D. Rebuzzi; L. Reina; J. Rojo; D. Rosco; G. P. Salam; A. Sapronov; J. Schaarschmidt; M. Schonherr; M. Schumacher; F. Siegert; P. Slavich; M. Spira; I. W. Stewart; W. J. Stirling; F. Stockli; C. Sturm; F. J. Tackmann; R. S. Thorne; D. Tommasini; P. Torrielli; F. Tramontano; Z. Trocsanyi; M. Ubiali; S. Uccirati; M. Vazquez Acosta; T. Vickey; A. Vicini; W. J. Waalewijn; D. Wackeroth; M. Warsinsky; M. Weber; M. Wiesemann; G. Weiglein; J. Yu; G. Zanderighi

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical sonic cross-section" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Derivation of capture cross section from quasielastic excitation function  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The relationship between the quasielastic excitation function and the capture cross section is derived. The quasielastic data is shown to be a useful tool to extract the capture cross sections and the angular momenta of the captured systems for the reactions $^{16}$O+$^{144,154}$Sm,$^{208}$Pb, $^{20}$Ne+$^{208}$Pb, and $^{32}$S+$^{90,96}$Zr at near and above the Coulomb barrier energies.

V. V. Sargsyan; G. G. Adamian; N. V. Antonenko; P. R. S. Gomes

2013-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

82

Photoproduction models for total cross section and shower development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A model for the total photoproduction cross section based on the ansatz that resummation of infrared gluons limits the rise induced by QCD minijets in all the total cross-sections, is used to simulate extended air showers initiated by cosmic rays with the AIRES simulation program. The impact on common shower observables, especially those related with muon production, is analysed and compared with the corresponding results obtained with previous photoproduction models.

Fernando Cornet; Carlos Garcia Canal; Agnes Grau; Giulia Pancheri; Sergio Sciutto

2014-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

83

Equivalent radii of antennas with noncircular cross section  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EQUIVALENT RADII OF ANTENNAS WITH NONCIRCULAR CROSS SECTION A Thesis By CHARLES WEN-HSUN SU Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1960 Ma]or Sub)ect: Electrical Engineering EQUIVALENT RADII OF ANTENNAS WITH NONCIRCULAR CROSS SECTION A Thesis By CHARLES WEN-HSUN SU Approved as to style and content by: (C airman of Conunittee) (Head of Department...

Su, Charles Wen-Hsun

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Electron-impact ionization cross section of rubidium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A theoretical model for electron-impact ionization cross section has been applied to Rb and the theoretical cross section (from the threshold to 1 keV in incident energy) is in good agreement with the recent experimental data obtained using Rb atoms trapped in a magneto-optical trap. The theoretical model, called the binary-encounterdipole (BED) model, combines a modified Mott cross section with the high-energy behavior of Born cross sections. To obtain the continuum dipole oscillator strength df/dE of the 5s electron required in the BED model, we used Dirac-Fock continuum wave functions with a core polarization potential that reproduced the known position of the Cooper minimum in the photoionization cross section. For inner-shell ionization, we used a simpler version of df/dE, which retained the hydrogenic shape. The contributions of the 4p?4d, 5s, and 5p autoionizing excitations were estimated using the plane-wave Born approximation. As a by-product, we also present the dipole oscillator strengths for the 5s?np1/2 and 5s?np3/2 transitions for high principal quantum numbers n near the ionization threshold obtained from the Dirac-Fock wave functions with the same core polarization potential as that used for the continuum wave functions.

Yong-Ki Kim; Jacek Migda?ek; Wojciech Siegel; Jacek Biero?

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Precise measurement of neutrino and antineutrino differential cross sections  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The NuTeV experiment at Fermilab has obtained a unique high-statistics sample of neutrino and antineutrino interactions using its high-energy sign-selected beam. We present a measurement of the differential cross section for charged-current neutrino and antineutrino scattering from iron. We determine the relative ? to ? cross section, r=??/??, at high energy with errors a factor of 2 smaller than the previous world average. Structure functions, F2(x,Q2) and xF3(x,Q2), are determined by fitting the inelasticity, y, dependence of the cross sections. This measurement has significantly improved systematic precision as a consequence of more precise understanding of hadron and muon energy scales.

M. Tzanov et al.

2006-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

86

Effect of burnup on ACR-700 3-D reactivity devices cross sections  

SciTech Connect

Full core analysis of typical power reactors being generally performed using few groups diffusion theory, it is necessary to generate beforehand, using a lattice code, the required few group cross sections and diffusion coefficients associated with each region in the core. For CANDU-type reactors including the Advanced CANDU Reactor (ACR), the problem is more complex because these reactors contain vertical reactivity devices that are located between two horizontal fuel bundles. The usual calculation scheme relies in this case on a 2-D fuel cell calculation to generate the few group fuel properties and on a 3-D supercell calculation for the analysis of the reactivity devices present in the core. Because of its complexity, the supercell calculations are generally performed using simplified fuel geometries. In this paper, the different stages involved in the reactor physics simulations for ACR will be explained focusing particularly on a study of the burnup dependence of the incremental cross section associated with zone control units (ZCU). The use of these incremental cross sections for finite core calculations will also be presented. (authors)

Dahmani, M.; Marleau, G.; Varin, E. [Institut de Genie Nucleaire, Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal, 2900 Boulevard Edouard-Montpetit, Montreal, Que. H3T 1J4 (Canada)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

E-Print Network 3.0 - alpha reactions cross-sections Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

+ Ag reaction for di27;erent cross sections, as a function of time. 12... ; 50 P. Danielewicz Another nuclear stopping observable has been the reaction cross section for...

88

Neutron removal cross section as a measure of neutron skin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the relation between neutron removal cross section (?-N) and neutron skin thickness for finite neutron-rich nuclei using the statistical abrasion ablation model. Different sizes of neutron skin are obtained by adjusting the diffuseness parameter of neutrons in the Fermi distribution. It is demonstrated that there is a good linear correlation between ?-N and the neutron skin thickness for neutron-rich nuclei. Further analysis suggests that the relative increase of neutron removal cross section could be used as a quantitative measure for neutron skin thickness in neutron-rich nuclei.

D. Q. Fang (???); Y. G. Ma (???); X. Z. Cai (???); W. D. Tian (???); H. W. Wang (???)

2010-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

89

Cross section for {sup 246}Cm subbarrier fission  

SciTech Connect

The cross section for {sup 246}Cm fission induced by neutrons of energy in the range 0.1 eV-20 keV was measured by the neutron lead slowing-down spectrometer (LSDS-100) of the Institute for Nuclear Research (INR, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow). The parameters of the resonance area and of the fission width were evaluated for several low-lying s-wave neutron resonances. The parameters of the intermediate structure in the cross section for the subbarrier fusion of {sup 246}Cm nuclei were found. The results obtained in this way were compared with available experimental data and with recommended evaluated data.

Alekseev, A. A.; Bergman, A. A.; Berlev, A. I.; Koptelov, E. A. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation); Samylin, B. F.; Trufanov, A. M.; Fursov, B. I.; Shorin, V. S., E-mail: shorin@ippe.r [Institute for Physics and Power Engineering (Russian Federation)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

90

Cross section for the subbarrier fission of {sup 244}Cm  

SciTech Connect

The cross section for {sup 244}Cm fission induced by neutrons of energy in the range between 0.07 eV and 20 keV was measured by using the lead slowing-down spectrometer (LSDS-100) of the Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow). The parameters of the resonance areas were determined for the lowest eight s-wave neutron resonances, and the respective fission widths were evaluated. Also, the parameters of the intermediate structure in the cross section for the subbarrier fission of {sup 244}Cm nuclei were evaluated. The results were compared with available data and recommendations based on evaluations.

Alekseev, A. A.; Bergman, A. A.; Berlev, A. I.; Koptelov, E. A. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation); Samylin, B. F.; Svirin, M. I.; Trufanov, A. M.; Fursov, B. I.; Shorin, V. S., E-mail: shorin@ippe.r [Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (Russian Federation)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

91

Estimation of simultaneous systems of spatially interrelated cross sectional equations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we consider a simultaneous system of spatially interrelated cross sectional equations. Our specification incorporates spatial lags in the endogenous and exogenous variables. In modelling the disturbance process we allow for both spatial correlation as well as correlation across equations. The data set is taken to be a single cross section of observations. The model may be viewed as an extension of the widely used single equation Cliff-Ord model. We suggest computationally simple limited and full information instrumental variable estimators for the parameters of the system and give formal large sample results.

Harry H. Kelejian; Ingmar R. Prucha

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Inelastic cross sections from gamma-ray measurements  

SciTech Connect

Measurements of gamma rays following neutron induced reactions have been studied with the Germanium Array for Neutron-induced Excitations (GEANIE) at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) for many years. Gamma-ray excitation functions and coincidence studies provide insight into nuclear reaction mechanisms as well as expanding our knowledge of energy levels and gamma-rays. Samples studied with Ge detectors at LANSCE range from Be to Pu. Fe, Cr and Ti have been considered for use as reference cross sections. An overview of the measurements and efforts to create a reliable neutron-induced gamma-ray reference cross section will be presented.

Nelson, Ronald Owen [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

93

Neutron Absorption Cross Sections of Pa231 and Pa232  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Activation studies of Pa231 in the graphite region of the Materials Testing Reactor have resulted in a value of 20015 barns for the thermal neutron absorption cross section of Pa231. Resonance neutron effects were eliminated by the method of cadmium differences and by conducting the irradiations in a region where the ratio of resonance to thermal neutrons is small.Measurements of the Pa232 and Pa233 activities produced in a highly intense neutron irradiation of Pa231 have resulted in a value of 760100 barns for the absorption cross section of Pa232.

R. R. Smith; N. P. Alley; R. H. Lewis; A. VanderDoes

1956-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Total Hadronic Cross Sections and \\pi^\\mp \\pi^+ Scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent measurements of the inelastic proton-proton cross section at the LHC and at cosmic ray energies by the Auger experiment have confirmed fits to lower energy data based on the simple idea that the proton is asymptotically a black disk of gluons. In this context, we show that data on \\bar p(p)p,\\pi^\\mp p, and K^\\mp p forward scattering support the related expectation that the asymptotic behavior of all cross sections is flavor independent. By using the most recent measurements from ATLAS, CMS and Auger, we predict \\sigma^{pp}_{\\rm tot} (\\sqrt s=14 {\\rm TeV})=108.1 \\pm 1.4 mb, as well as refine the total cross sections \\sigma^{pp}_{\\rm tot} (\\sqrt s=7 {\\rm TeV})=96.1 \\pm 1.1 mb and \\sigma^{pp}_{\\rm tot} (\\sqrt s=57 {\\rm TeV})=135.7 \\pm 2.2 mb. We use our results also to predict the total \\pi^\\mp \\pi^+ cross sections as a function of \\sqrt s.

Halzen, Francis; Ishida, Muneyuki; Kim, C S

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Nuclear Science and Technology, November 2000. NEUTRON CROSS SECTION EVALUATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear Science and Technology, November 2000. 1 NEUTRON CROSS SECTION EVALUATIONS FOR 238 U UP and Power Engineering, 249020 Obninsk, Russia A.Ventura ENEA, Nuclear Data Center and INFN, Bologna Section of the statistical description that includes direct, pre-equilibrium and equilibrium mechanisms of nuclear reactions

96

Topological cross section in the perturbative Reggeon calculus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The topological cross section ?n and the multiplicities are computed in perturbative Reggeon calculus with a Pomeron with ?(0) > 1. It is found that the data from p-p scattering can be explained with the same set of parameters obtained from fits to other exclusive and inclusive data.

C. Pajares and R. Pascual

1977-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Charm Photoproduction Cross Section at 20 GeV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Forty-seven charm events have been observed in an exposure of the SLAC Hybrid Facility bubble chamber to a 20-GeV backward-scattered laser beam. Thirty-seven events survive all the necessary cuts imposed. Based on this number the total charm cross section is calculated to be 63-28+33 nb.

K. Abe et al. ((Stanford Linear Accelerator Center Hybrid Facility Photon Collaboration))

1983-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

98

Phenomenology of SIDIS unpolarized cross sections and azimuthal asymmetries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I review the phenomenology of unpolarized cross sections and azimuthal asymmetries in semi-inclusive deeply inelastic scattering (SIDIS). The general theoretical framework is presented and the validity of the Gaussian model is discussed. A brief account of the existing analyses is provided.

Vincenzo Barone

2012-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

99

Soda Lake Well Lithology Data and Geologic Cross-Sections  

SciTech Connect

Comprehensive catalogue of drill?hole data in spreadsheet, shapefile, and Geosoft database formats. Includes XYZ locations of well heads, year drilled, type of well, operator, total depths, well path data (deviations), lithology logs, and temperature data. Plus, 13 cross?sections in Adobe Illustrator format.

Faulds, James E.

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

100

Fermion absorption cross section of a Schwarzschild black hole  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the absorption of massive spin-half particles by a small Schwarzschild black hole by numerically solving the single-particle Dirac equation in Painleve-Gullstrand coordinates. We calculate the absorption cross section for a range of gravitational couplings Mm/m_P^2 and incident particle energies E. At high couplings, where the Schwarzschild radius R_S is much greater than the wavelength lambda, we find that the cross section approaches the classical result for a point particle. At intermediate couplings we find oscillations around the classical limit whose precise form depends on the particle mass. These oscillations give quantum violations of the equivalence principle. At high energies the cross section converges on the geometric-optics value of 27 \\pi R_S^2/4, and at low energies we find agreement with an approximation derived by Unruh. When the hole is much smaller than the particle wavelength we confirm that the minimum possible cross section approaches \\pi R_S^2/2.

Chris Doran; Anthony Lasenby; Sam Dolan; Ian Hinder

2005-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

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101

Predictions of diffractive cross sections in proton-proton collisions  

SciTech Connect

We review our pre-LHC predictions of the total, elastic, total-inelastic, and diffractive components of proton-proton cross sections at high energies, expressed in the form of unitarized expressions based on a special parton-model approach to diffraction employing inclusive proton parton distribution functions and QCD color factors and compare with recent LHC results.

Goulianos, Konstantin [Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065 (United States)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

102

Measurement of the inclusive bb jet cross section at the Collidor Detector at Fermilab  

SciTech Connect

Data collected by the Fermilab CDF detector are used to measure the inclusive b{bar b} jet production cross section in proton-antiproton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV. Vertices displaced from the primary interaction point (secondary vertices) are a signature for long-lived decay and are used to identify jets originating from b quarks. An event sample containing two jets, each having an identified secondary vertex, is used. The jets are required to be within the pseudo-rapidity region |{eta}| < 1.2. One of the jets is required to have a transverse energy greater than 30 GeV and the other jet is required to have a transverse energy greater than 20 GeV. The results are compared to Leading Order (Pythia and Herwig) and Next to Leading Order (MC{at}NLO) predictions.

Gajjar, Anant; /Liverpool U.

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Accurate Development of Thermal Neutron Scattering Cross Section Libraries  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project is to develop a holistic (fundamental and accurate) approach for generating thermal neutron scattering cross section libraries for a collection of important enutron moderators and reflectors. The primary components of this approach are the physcial accuracy and completeness of the generated data libraries. Consequently, for the first time, thermal neutron scattering cross section data libraries will be generated that are based on accurate theoretical models, that are carefully benchmarked against experimental and computational data, and that contain complete covariance information that can be used in propagating the data uncertainties through the various components of the nuclear design and execution process. To achieve this objective, computational and experimental investigations will be performed on a carefully selected subset of materials that play a key role in all stages of the nuclear fuel cycle.

Hawari, Ayman; Dunn, Michael

2014-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

104

Calculation of the cross section for top quark production  

SciTech Connect

The authors summarize calculations of the cross section for top quark production at hadron colliders within the context of perturbative quantum chromodynamics, including resummation of the effects of initial-state soft gluon radiation to all orders in the strong coupling strength. In their approach they resume the universal leading-logarithm contributions, and they restrict the calculation to the region of phase space that is demonstrably perturbative. They compare the approach with other methods. They present predictions of the physical cross section as a function of the top quark mass in proton-antiproton reactions at center-of-mass energies of 1.8 and 2.0 TeV, and they discuss estimated uncertainties.

Berger, E.L.; Contopanagos, H. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). High Energy Physics Div.

1996-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

105

ANALYTIC EXPRESSIONS FOR THE LIGHT-SCATTERING CROSS SECTION  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ANALYTIC ANALYTIC EXPRESSIONS FOR THE LIGHT-SCATTERING CROSS SECTION AND ÅNGSTRÖM EXPONENT OF AN AEROSOL Ernie R. Lewis Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11933 elewis@bnl.gov BACKGROUND For an aerosol consisting of spherical particles with size distribution of number concentration dN(r)/dr and real index of refraction m (thus no absorption), the light-scattering coefficient σ sp

106

Ionizationexcitation magnetic sublevel cross sections states following fast electron  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA Abstract The first experimental magnetic substate P0 þ e? þ e? # Heþ ð1s?2 S þ hv ðk ¼ 30:4 nm?: ð1? This process is difficult to investigate that these absolute total cross sections do not provide direct information about the magnetic substate populations

Godunov, Alexander L.

107

Cross section for fast neutron induced /sup 243/Cm fission  

SciTech Connect

The authors discuss a method for measuring the cross section of the fission of curium 243 which either eliminates or corrects for the interference arising from sister isotopes or from the half-life spontaneous fission of this isotope. Soda-lime glass was used as the detector material and uranium 235 as the calibration standard. The irradiation facility is described. Error estimates are given.

Fomushkin, E.F.; Novoselov, G.F.; Vinogradov, Yu.I.; Vyachin, V.N.; Gavrilov, V.V.; Koshelev, A.S.; Polynov, V.N.; Surin, V.M.; Shvetsov, A.M.

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Fission cross sections up to 20 MeV/nucleon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fission cross sections have been measured for the following reactions: C12(at Eb=95,122,186,245,and291 MeV) on Yb174, Pt198, and U238; O16 (at Eb=140,175,216,250,and315 MeV) on Nd142, Er170, Os192, and U238; S32 (at Eb=350,500,and700 MeV) on Te126, Nd144, and U238; and Ni58 (at Eb=352and875 MeV) on Zr96, Cd116, and U238. We find that use of statistical model calculations with the Bass heavy-ion potential, which fit the data below 10 MeV/nucleon, do not fit fission cross sections at higher energies. Invoking dynamical limitations to fusion such as "extra-push" model calculations improves the fit to most of the data. For C12 and O16 projectiles on lighter targets, the fission cross section at higher energies is significantly below the value obtained from the rotating liquid drop angular momentum limit, indicating that incomplete fusion reactions may be limiting the fusion process. For S and Ni projectiles, the cross section implies the existence of a composite system sustaining angular momenta far above the limit beyond which, on the basis of liquid drop model predictions, compound nuclei are not expected to have a finite fission barrier. The angular distribution of fission fragments in C12 and O16-induced reactions has been measured and compared to calculated values. Discrepancies between the measurements and calculated values infer conditions for the breakdown of the transition state model.

A. Gavron; J. Boissevain; H. C. Britt; K. Eskola; P. Eskola; M. M. Fowler; H. Ohm; J. B. Wilhelmy; T. C. Awes; R. L. Ferguson; F. E. Obenshain; F. Plasil; G. R. Young; S. Wald

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Handbook of LHC Higgs Cross Sections: 1. Inclusive Observables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This Report summarizes the results of the first 10 months' activities of the LHC Higgs Cross Sections Working Group. The main goal of the working group was to present the status-of-art on Higgs Physics at the LHC integrating all new results that have appeared in the last few years. The Report is more than a mere collection of the proceedings of the general meetings. The subgroups have been working in different directions. An attempt has been made to present the first Report from these subgroups in a complete and homogeneous form. The subgroups' contributions correspondingly comprise the main parts of the Report. A significant amount of work has been performed in providing higher-order corrections to the Higgs-boson cross sections and pinning down the theoretical uncertainty of the Standard Model predictions. This Report comprises explicit numerical results on total cross sections, leaving the issues of event selection cuts and differential distributions to future publications. The subjects for further study are identified.

LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group; S. Dittmaier; C. Mariotti; G. Passarino; R. Tanaka; J. Baglio; P. Bolzoni; R. Boughezal; O. Brein; C. Collins-Tooth; S. Dawson; S. Dean; A. Denner; S. Farrington; M. Felcini; M. Flechl; D. de Florian; S. Forte; M. Grazzini; C. Hackstein; T. Hahn; R. Harlander; T. Hartonen; S. Heinemeyer; J. Huston; A. Kalinowski; M. Krmer; F. Krauss; J. S. Lee; S. Lehti; F. Maltoni; K. Mazumdar; S. -O. Moch; A. Mck; M. Mhlleitner; P. Nason; C. Neu; C. Oleari; J. Olsen; S. Palmer; F. Petriello; G. Piacquadio; A. Pilaftsis; C. T. Potter; I. Puljak; J. Qian; D. Rebuzzi; L. Reina; H. Rzehak; M. Schumacher; P. Slavich; M. Spira; F. Stckli; R. S. Thorne; M. Vazquez Acosta; T. Vickey; A. Vicini; D. Wackeroth; M. Warsinsky; M. Weber; G. Weiglein; C. Weydert; J. Yu; M. Zaro; T. Zirke

2011-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

110

Handbook of LHC Higgs Cross Sections: 1. Inclusive Observables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This Report summarizes the results of the first 10 months' activities of the LHC Higgs Cross Sections Working Group. The main goal of the working group was to present the status-of-art on Higgs Physics at the LHC integrating all new results that have appeared in the last few years. The Report is more than a mere collection of the proceedings of the general meetings. The subgroups have been working in different directions. An attempt has been made to present the first Report from these subgroups in a complete and homogeneous form. The subgroups' contributions correspondingly comprise the main parts of the Report. A significant amount of work has been performed in providing higher-order corrections to the Higgs-boson cross sections and pinning down the theoretical uncertainty of the Standard Model predictions. This Report comprises explicit numerical results on total cross sections, leaving the issues of event selection cuts and differential distributions to future publications. The subjects for further study a...

Dittmaier, S; Passarino, G; Tanaka, R; Baglio, J; Bolzoni, P; Boughezal, R; Brein, O; Collins-Tooth, C; Dawson, S; Dean, S; Denner, A; Farrington, S; Felcini, M; Flechl, M; de Florian, D; Forte, S; Grazzini, M; Hackstein, C; Hahn, T; Harlander, R; Hartonen, T; Heinemeyer, S; Huston, J; Kalinowski, A; Krmer, M; Krauss, F; Lee, J S; Lehti, S; Maltoni, F; Mazumdar, K; Moch, S -O; Mck, A; Mhlleitner, M; Nason, P; Neu, C; Oleari, C; Olsen, J; Palmer, S; Petriello, F; Piacquadio, G; Pilaftsis, A; Potter, C T; Puljak, I; Qian, J; Rebuzzi, D; Reina, L; Rzehak, H; Schumacher, M; Slavich, P; Spira, M; Stckli, F; Thorne, R S; Acosta, M Vazquez; Vickey, T; Vicini, A; Wackeroth, D; Warsinsky, M; Weber, M; Weiglein, G; Weydert, C; Yu, J; Zaro, M; Zirke, T

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Handbook of LHC Higgs Cross Sections: 3. Higgs Properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This Report summarizes the results of the activities in 2012 and the first half of 2013 of the LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group. The main goal of the working group was to present the state of the art of Higgs Physics at the LHC, integrating all new results that have appeared in the last few years. This report follows the first working group report Handbook of LHC Higgs Cross Sections: 1. Inclusive Observables (CERN-2011-002) and the second working group report Handbook of LHC Higgs Cross Sections: 2. Differential Distributions (CERN-2012-002). After the discovery of a Higgs boson at the LHC in mid-2012 this report focuses on refined prediction of Standard Model (SM) Higgs phenomenology around the experimentally observed value of 125-126 GeV, refined predictions for heavy SM-like Higgs bosons as well as predictions in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model and first steps to go beyond these models. The other main focus is on the extraction of the characteristics and properties of the newly discovered particle such as couplings to SM particles, spin and CP-quantum numbers etc.

The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group; S. Heinemeyer; C. Mariotti; G. Passarino; R. Tanaka; J. R. Andersen; P. Artoisenet; E. A. Bagnaschi; A. Banfi; T. Becher; F. U. Bernlochner; S. Bolognesi; P. Bolzoni; R. Boughezal; D. Buarque; J. Campbell; F. Caola; M. Carena; F. Cascioli; N. Chanon; T. Cheng; S. Y. Choi; A. David; P. de Aquino; G. Degrassi; D. Del Re; A. Denner; H. van Deurzen; S. Diglio; B. Di Micco; R. Di Nardo; S. Dittmaier; M. Duhrssen; R. K. Ellis; G. Ferrera; N. Fidanza; M. Flechl; D. de Florian; S. Forte; R. Frederix; S. Frixione; S. Gangal; Y. Gao; M. V. Garzelli; D. Gillberg; P. Govoni; M. Grazzini; N. Greiner; J. Griffiths; A . V. Gritsan; C. Grojean; D. C. Hall; C. Hays; R. Harlander; R. Hernandez-Pinto; S. Hoche; J. Huston; T. Jubb; M. Kadastik; S. Kallweit; A. Kardos; L. Kashif; N. Kauer; H. Kim; R. Klees; M. Kramer; F. Krauss; A. Laureys; S. Laurila; S. Lehti; Q. Li; S. Liebler; X. Liu; H. E. Logan; G. Luisoni; M. Malberti; F. Maltoni; K. Mawatari; F. Maierhofer; H. Mantler; S. Martin; P. Mastrolia; O. Mattelaer; J. Mazzitelli; B. Mellado; K. Melnikov; P. Meridiani; D. J. Miller; E. Mirabella; S. O. Moch; P. Monni; N. Moretti; A. Muck; M. Muhlleitner; P. Musella; P. Nason; C. Neu; M. Neubert; C. Oleari; J. Olsen; G. Ossola; T. Peraro; K. Peters; F. Petriello; G. Piacquadio; C. T. Potter; S. Pozzorini; K. Prokofiev; I. Puljak; M. Rauch; D. Rebuzzi; L. Reina; R. Rietkerk; A. Rizzi; Y. Rotstein-Habarnau; G. P. Salam; G. Sborlini; F. Schissler; M. Schonherr; M. Schulze; M. Schumacher; F. Siegert; P. Slavich; J. M. Smillie; O. Stal; J. F. von Soden-Fraunhofen; M. Spira; I. W. Stewart; F. J. Tackmann; P. T. E. Taylor; D. Tommasini; J. Thompson; R. S. Thorne; P. Torrielli; F. Tramontano; N. V. Tran; Z. Trocsanyi; M. Ubiali; P. Vanlaer; M. Vazquez Acosta; T. Vickey; A. Vicini; W. J. Waalewijn; D. Wackeroth; C. Wagner; J. R. Walsh; J. Wang; G. Weiglein; A. Whitbeck; C. Williams; J. Yu; G. Zanderighi; M. Zanetti; M. Zaro; P. M. Zerwas; C. Zhang; T. J . E. Zirke; S. Zuberi

2013-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

112

From ZZ to ZH : How Low Can These Cross Sections Go or Everybody, Let's Cross Section Limbo!  

SciTech Connect

We report on two searches performed at the D0 detector at the Fermi National Laboratory. The first is a search for Z di-boson production with a theoretical cross section of 1.4 pb. The search was performed on 2.6 fb{sup -1} of data and contributed to the first observation of ZZ production at a hadron collider. The second is a search for a low mass Standard Model Higgs in 4.2 fb{sup -1} of data. The Higgs boson is produced in association with a Z boson where the Higgs decays hadronically and the Z decays to two leptons. The ZZ search was performed in both the di-electron and di-muon channels. For the ZH search, we will focus on the muonic decays where we expanded the traditional coverage by considering events in which one of the two muons fails the selection requirement, and is instead reconstructed as an isolated track. We consider Higgs masses between 100 and 150 GeV, with theoretical cross sections ranging from 0.17 to 0.042 pb, and set upper limits on the ZH production cross-section at 95% confidence level.

Strauss, Emanuel Alexandre; /SUNY, Stony Brook

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Handbook of LHC Higgs Cross Sections: 3. Higgs Properties Report of the LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This Report summarizes the results of the activities in 2012 and the first half of 2013 of the LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group. The main goal of the working group was to present the state of the art of Higgs Physics at the LHC, integrating all new results that have appeared in the last few years. This report follows the first working group report Handbook of LHC Higgs Cross Sections: 1. Inclusive Observables (CERN-2011-002) and the second working group report Handbook of LHC Higgs Cross Sections: 2. Differential Distributions (CERN-2012-002). After the discovery of a Higgs boson at the LHC in mid-2012 this report focuses on refined prediction of Standard Model (SM) Higgs phenomenology around the experimentally observed value of 125-126 GeV, refined predictions for heavy SM-like Higgs bosons as well as predictions in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model and first steps to go beyond these models. The other main focus is on the extraction of the characteristics and properties of the newly discovered p...

Mariotti, C; Passarino, G; Tanaka, R; Andersen, J R; Artoisenet, P; Bagnaschi, E A; Banfi, A; Becher, T; Bernlochner, F U; Bolognesi, S; Bolzoni, P; Boughezal, R; Buarque, D; Campbell, J; Caola, F; Carena, M; Cascioli, F; Chanon, N; Cheng, T; Choi, S Y; David, A; de Aquino, P; Degrassi, G; Del Re, D; Denner, A; van Deurzen, H; Diglio, S; Di Micco, B; Di Nardo, R; Dittmaier, S; Duhrssen, M; Ellis, R K; Ferrera, G; Fidanza, N; Flechl, M; de Florian, D; Forte, S; Frederix, R; Frixione, S; Gangal, S; Gao, Y; Garzelli, M V; Gillberg, D; Govoni, P; Grazzini, M; Greiner, N; Griffiths, J; Gritsan, A V; Grojean, C; Hall, D C; Hays, C; Harlander, R; Hernandez-Pinto, R; Hoche, S; Huston, J; Jubb, T; Kadastik, M; Kallweit, S; Kardos, A; Kashif, L; Kauer, N; Kim, H; Klees, R; Kramer, M; Krauss, F; Laureys, A; Laurila, S; Lehti, S; Li, Q; Liebler, S; Liu, X; Logan, H E; Luisoni, G; Malberti, M; Maltoni, F; Mawatari, K; Maierhofer, F; Mantler, H; Martin, S; Mastrolia, P; Mattelaer, O; Mazzitelli, J; Mellado, B; Melnikov, K; Meridiani, P; Miller, D J; Mirabella, E; Moch, S O; Monni, P; Moretti, N; Muck, A; Muhlleitner, M; Musella, P; Nason, P; Neu, C; Neubert, M; Oleari, C; Olsen, J; Ossola, G; Peraro, T; Peters, K; Petriello, F; Piacquadio, G; Potter, C T; Pozzorini, S; Prokofiev, K; Puljak, I; Rauch, M; Rebuzzi, D; Reina, L; Rietkerk, R; Rizzi, A; Rotstein-Habarnau, Y; Salam, G P; Sborlini, G; Schissler, F; Schonherr, M; Schulze, M; Schumacher, M; Siegert, F; Slavich, P; Smillie, J M; Stal, O; von Soden-Fraunhofen, J F; Spira, M; Stewart, I W; Tackmann, F J; Taylor, P T E; Tommasini, D; Thompson, J; Thorne, R S; Torrielli, P; Tramontano, F; Tran, N V; Trocsanyi, Z; Ubiali, M; Vanlaer, P; Acosta, M Vazquez; Vickey, T; Vicini, A; Waalewijn, W J; Wackeroth, D; Wagner, C; Walsh, J R; Wang, J; Weiglein, G; Whitbeck, A; Williams, C; Yu, J; Zanderighi, G; Zanetti, M; Zaro, M; Zerwas, P M; Zhang, C; Zirke, T J E; Zuberi, S; Heinemeyer, S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

3He Spin-Dependent Cross Sections and Sum Rules  

SciTech Connect

We present a measurement of the spin-dependent cross sections for the \\vec{^3He}(\\vec{e},e')X} reaction in the quasielastic and resonance regions at four-momentum transfer 0.1 < Q^2< 0.9 GeV^2. The spin-structure functions have been extracted and used to evaluate the nuclear Burkhardt--Cottingham and extended GDH sum rules for the first time. Impulse approximation and exact three-body Faddeev calculations are also compared to the data in the quasielastic region.

Slifer, Karl; Amaryan, Moscov; Amaryan, Moskov; Auerbach, Leonard; Averett, Todd; Berthot, J.; Bertin, Pierre; Bertozzi, William; Black, Tim; Brash, Edward; Brown, D.; Burtin, Etienne; Calarco, John; Cates, Gordon; Chai, Zhengwei; Chen, Jian-Ping; Choi, Seonho; Chudakov, Eugene; Ciofi, Claudio; Cisbani, Evaristo; De Jager, Cornelis; Deur, Alexandre; DiSalvo, R.; Dieterich, Sonja; Djawotho, Pibero; Finn, John; Fissum, Kevin; Fonvieille, Helene; Frullani, Salvatore; Gao, Haiyan; Gao, Juncai; Garibaldi, Franco; Gasparian, Ashot; Gilad, Shalev; Gilman, Ronald; Glamazdin, Oleksandr; Glashausser, Charles; Glockle, W.; Golak, J.; Goldberg, Emma; Gomez, Javier; Gorbenko, Viktor; Hansen, Jens-Ole; Hersman, F.; Holmes, Richard; Huber, Garth; Hughes, Emlyn; Humensky, Thomas; Incerti, Sebastien; Iodice, Mauro; Jensen, S.; Jiang, Xiaodong; Jones, C.; Jones, G.; Jones, Mark; Jutier, Christophe; Kamada, H.; Ketikyan, Armen; Kominis, Ioannis; Korsch, Wolfgang; Kramer, Kevin; Kumar, Krishna; Kumbartzki, Gerfried; Kuss, Michael; Lakuriqi, Enkeleida; Laveissiere, Geraud; LeRose, John; Liang, Meihua; Liyanage, Nilanga; Lolos, George; Malov, Sergey; Marroncle, Jacques; McCormick, Kathy; McKeown, Robert; Meziani, Zein-Eddine; Michaels, Robert; Mitchell, Joseph; Nogga, Andreas; Pace, Emanuele; Papandreou, Zisis; Pavlin, Tina; Petratos, Gerassimos; Pripstein, David; Prout, David; Ransome, Ronald; Roblin, Yves; Rowntree, David; Rvachev, Marat; Sabatie, Franck; Saha, Arunava; Salme, Giovanni; SCOPETTA, S.; Skibinski, R.; Souder, Paul; Saito, Teijiro; Strauch, Steffen; Suleiman, Riad; Takahashi, Kazunori; Todor, Luminita; Tsubota, Hiroaki; Ueno, Hiroaki; Urciuoli, Guido; van der Meer, Rob; Vernin, Pascal; Voskanyan, Hakob; Witala, Henryk; Wojtsekhowski, Bogdan; Xiong, Feng; Xu, Wang; Yang, Jae-Choon; Zhang, Bin; Zolnierczuk, Piotr

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Neutron Activation Cross Sections with SbBe Neutrons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The neutron activation cross sections near 25 kev have been measured for about 50 nuclei. Gamma-ray scintillation spectrometers with known efficiency were used to compare the radioactivities produced by the several nuclei with I128. This gave a significant increase in sensitivity and precision over direct beta-counting methods in many cases. Absolute standardization was obtained through scintillation-beta-counting the I128 in NaI(Tl) crystals irradiated with a neutron source calibrated by the manganese bath technique.

R. L. Macklin; N. H. Lazar; W. S. Lyon

1957-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

116

Final Report - Nucelar Astrophysics & Neutron Cross Section Measurements  

SciTech Connect

This enduring research program of 28 years has taken advantage of the excellent research facility of ORELA at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The fruitful collaborations include a number of scientists from ORNL and some from LASL. This program which has ranged from nuclear structure determinations to astrophysical applications has resulted in the identification and/or the refinement of the nuclear properties of more than 5,000 nuclear energy levels or compound energy states. The nuclei range from 30Si to 250Cf, the probes range from thermal to 50 MeV neutrons, and the studies range from capture gamma ray spectra to total and differential scattering and absorption cross sections. Specific target nuclei studied include the following: 120Sn 124Sn 125Sn 113Sn 115Sn 117Sn 119Sn 249Cf 33S 34S 249Bk 186Os 187Os 188Os 30Si 32S 40Ca 48Ca 60Ni 54Fe 86Kr 88Sr 40Ar 122Sn 90Zr 122Sn(n,?) 208Pb 204Pb 52Cr 54Cr 50Cr 53Cr As can be seen, we have studied, on average, more than one isotope per year of grant funding and have focused on exploiting those elements having multiple isotopes in order to investigate systematic trends in nuclear properties, for the purpose of providing more stringent tests of the nuclear spherical optical model with a surface imaginary potential. We have investigated an l-dependence of the real-well depth of the spherical optical model; we have used these measurements to deduce the existence of doorway states in the compound nucleus; and in the total cross section measurements we have, in addition to resonance energies and widths, obtained values for the level density and neutron strength function. Due to the high neutron energy resolution of the ORELA and in some cases the addition of differential scattering cross section data, we have been able to disaggregate the spin states and provide level spacing and strength function for each partial wave in the neutron-nucleus interaction, in some cases up to d5/2. In the following we will summarize the most recent analyses of neutron total cross section measurements, some of which have not been previously reported.

Carlton, Robert F

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Measurement of multi-jet cross sections at ATLAS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inclusive multi-jet production is studied using the ATLAS detector for proton-proton collisions with a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 2.43 pb^-1, using the first proton-proton data collected by the ATLAS detector in 2010. Results on multi-jet cross sections are presented and compared to both leading-order plus parton-shower Monte Carlo predictions and next-to-leading-order QCD calculations.

Matthew Tamsett on behalf of the ATLAS collaboration

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

118

Fission cross section calculations of actinides with EMPIRE code  

SciTech Connect

The cross sections of the neutron induced reactions on {sup 233,234,236}U, {sup 237}Np, {sup 238,242}Pu, {sup 241,243}Am, {sup 242,246}Cm carried out in the energy range 1 keV-20 MeV with EMPIRE code are presented, emphasizing the fission channel. Beside a consistent, accurate set of evaluations, the paper contains arguments supporting the choice of the reaction models and input parameters. A special attention is paid to the fission parameters and their uncertainties.

Sin, M.; Oblozinsky, P.; Herman,M.; Capote,R.

2010-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

119

A Comment on \\The Cross-Section of Volatility and Expected Returns": The Statistical Signi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on "The Cross-Section of Volatility and Expected Returns":on The Cross-Section of Volatility and Expected Returns:the pricing of aggregate volatility risk and idiosyncratic

Anderson, Robert M.; Bianchi, Stephen W.; Goldberg, Lisa R.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Nucleonic and Electromagnetic Reaction Cross Sections of Medium and High Energy 11Li Projectiles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......has the low excitation energy around Ex~10 MeV...effects of Coulomb and nuclear potentials, Fermi motion...experimental results of medium energy and high energy reaction cross sections...Reaction Cross Sections 501 nuclear wave functions. The......

Michio Honma; Hiroyuki Sagawa

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical sonic cross-section" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Neutron cross section standards and instrumentation. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this interagency program is to provide accurate neutron interaction measurements for the US Department of Energy nuclear programs which include waste disposal, fusion, safeguards, defense, fission, and personnel protection. These measurements are also useful to other energy programs which indirectly use the unique properties of the neutron for diagnostic and analytical purposes. The work includes the measurement of reference cross sections and related neutron data employing unique facilities and capabilities at NIST and other laboratories as required; leadership and participation in international intercomparisons and collaborations; the preservation of standard reference deposits and the development of improved neutron detectors and measurement methods. A related and essential element of the program is critical evaluation of neutron interaction data including international coordinations. Data testing of critical data for important applications is included. The program is jointly supported by the Department of Energy and the National Institute of Standards and Technology. This report from the National Institute of Standards and Technology contains a summary of the accomplishments of the Neutron Cross Section Standards and Instrumentation Project during the third year of this three-year interagency agreement. The proposed program and required budget for the following three years are also presented. The program continues the shifts in priority instituted in order to broaden the program base.

Wasson, O.A.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Effect of strongly coupled plasma on photoionization cross section  

SciTech Connect

The effect of strongly coupled plasma on the ground state photoionization cross section is studied. In the non relativistic dipole approximation, cross section is evaluated from bound-free transition matrix element. The bound and free state wave functions are obtained by solving the radial Schrodinger equation with appropriate plasma potential. We have used ion sphere potential (ISP) to incorporate the plasma effects in atomic structure calculation. This potential includes the effect of static plasma screening on nuclear charge as well as the effect of confinement due to the neighbouring ions. With ISP, the radial equation is solved using Shooting method approach for hydrogen like ions (Li{sup +2}, C{sup +5}, Al{sup +12}) and lithium like ions (C{sup +3}, O{sup +5}). The effect of strong screening and confinement is manifested as confinement resonances near the ionization threshold for both kinds of ions. The confinement resonances are very much dependent on the edge of the confining potential and die out as the plasma density is increased. Plasma effect also results in appearance of Cooper minimum in lithium like ions, which was not present in case of free lithium like ions. With increasing density the position of Cooper minimum shifts towards higher photoelectron energy. The same behaviour is also true for weakly coupled plasma where plasma effect is modelled by Debye-Huckel potential.

Das, Madhusmita, E-mail: msdas@barc.gov.in [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology, Powai, Mumbai 400076, India and Theoretical Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Mumbai 400085 (India)] [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology, Powai, Mumbai 400076, India and Theoretical Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Mumbai 400085 (India)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

123

Research on Fast-Doppler-Broadening of neutron cross sections  

SciTech Connect

A Fast-Doppler-Broadening method is developed in this work to broaden Continuous Energy neutron cross-sections for Monte Carlo calculations. Gauss integration algorithm and parallel computing are implemented in this method, which is unprecedented in the history of cross section processing. Compared to the traditional code (NJOY, SIGMA1, etc.), the new Fast-Doppler-Broadening method shows a remarkable speedup with keeping accuracy. The purpose of using Gauss integration is to avoid complex derivation of traditional broadening formula and heavy load of computing complementary error function that slows down the Doppler broadening process. The OpenMP environment is utilized in parallel computing which can take full advantage of modern multi-processor computers. Combination of the two can reduce processing time of main actinides (such as {sup 238}U, {sup 235}U) to an order of magnitude of 1{approx}2 seconds. This new method is fast enough to be applied to Online Doppler broadening. It can be combined or coupled with Monte Carlo transport code to solve temperature dependent problems and neutronics-thermal hydraulics coupled scheme which is a big challenge for the conventional NJOY-MCNP system. Examples are shown to determine the efficiency and relative errors compared with the NJOY results. A Godiva Benchmark is also used in order to test the ACE libraries produced by the new method. (authors)

Li, S.; Wang, K.; Yu, G. [Dept. of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua Univ., Beijing, 100084 (China)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Neutron Thermal Cross Sections, Westcott Factors, Resonance Integrals, Maxwellian Averaged Cross Sections and Astrophysical Reaction Rates Calculated from Major Evaluated Data Libraries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present calculations of neutron thermal cross sections, Westcott factors, resonance integrals, Maxwellianaveraged cross sections and astrophysical reaction rates for 843 ENDF materials using data from the major evaluated nuclear libraries and European activation file. Extensive analysis of newly-evaluated neutron reaction cross sections, neutron covariances, and improvements in data processing techniques motivated us to calculate nuclear industry and neutron physics quantities, produce s-process Maxwellian-averaged cross sections and astrophysical reaction rates, systematically calculate uncertainties, and provide additional insights on currently available neutron-induced reaction data. Nuclear reaction calculations are discussed and new results are presented.

Pritychenko, B

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Phenomenological description of neutron capture cross sections at 30 keV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Studying published data of Maxwellian averaged neutron capture cross sections, we found simple phenomenological rules obeyed by the cross sections as a function of proton and neutron number. We use these rules to make predictions for cross sections of neutron capture on nuclei with proton number above 83, where very few data are available.

Miklos Kiss; Zoltan Trocsanyi

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Shape from Contour: Straight Homogeneous Generalized Cylinders and Constant Cross Section Generalized Cylinders  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We analyze the properties of Straight Homogeneous Generalized Cylinders (SHGCs) and Constant Cross Section Generalized Cylinders (CGCs), and derive the types of symmetries that the limb boundaries and cross sections of these objects produce ... Keywords: Shape from contour, staright homogeneous generalized cones, constant cross section generalized cones, symmetry analysis, shape constraints.

Faith Ulupinar; Ramakant Nevatia

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Improved measurement of the bb production cross section in 920GeV fixed-target proton-nucleus collisions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new measurement of the bb production cross section in 920GeV proton-nucleus collisions is presented by the HERA-B Collaboration. The bb production is tagged via inclusive bottom quark decays into J/? mesons by exploiting the longitudinal separation of J/??l+l- decay vertices from the primary proton-nucleus interaction point. Both e+e- and ?+?- channels are reconstructed for a total of 8312 inclusive b?J/?X events found. The combined analysis yields a bb to prompt J/? cross section ratio of ??(bb)??J/?=0.0320.005stat0.004sys measured in the xF acceptance (-0.35

I. Abt et al. (HERA-B Collaboration)

2006-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

128

Charged-particle cross section data for fusion plasma applications  

SciTech Connect

Cross-section data for fusion plasma calculations are reviewed for three categories: fusion reactions, nuclear elastic and inelastic scattering. While the data base for the basic D-T fuel cycle seems adequate for present purposes, continued refinement appears warranted. Further, increasing emphasis on advanced-fuel fusion introduces requirements for new reaction rate and charged-particle scattering data over a wider range of reacting species (light elements through /sup 11/B) and over a larger energy range (to several MeV). These new needs are discussed along with suggestions for increased emphasis on providing the user with more convenient compilations. In particular, the extension of reactivities (< sigma V) to non-Maxwellian distributions, scattering matrix data, and development of computer based files are noted.

Miley, G.H.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

SCWR Once-Through Calculations for Transmutation and Cross Sections  

SciTech Connect

It is the purpose of this report to document the calculation of (1) the isotopic evolution and of (2) the 1-group cross sections as a function of burnup of the reference Super Critical Water Reactor (SCWR), in a format suitable for the Fuel Cycle Option Campaign Transmutation Data Library. The reference SCWR design was chosen to be that described in [McDonald, 2005]. Super Critical Water Reactors (SCWR) are intended to operate with super-critical water (i.e. H2O at a pressure above 22 MPa and a temperature above 373oC) as a cooling and possibly also moderating fluid. The main mission of the SCWR is to generate lower cost electricity, as compared to current standard Light Water Reactors (LWR). Because of the high operating pressure and temperature, SCWR feature a substantially higher thermal conversion efficiency than standard LWR i.e. about 45% versus 33%, mostly due to an increase in the exit water temperature from ~300oC to ~500oC potentially resulting in a lower cost of generated electricity. The coolant remains single phase throughout the reactor and the energy conversion system, thus eliminating the need for pressurizers, steam generators, steam separators and dryers, further potentially reducing the reactor construction capital cost. The SCWR concept presented here is based on existing LWR technology and on a large number of existing fossil-fired supercritical boilers. However, it was concluded in [McDonald, 2005], that: Based on the results of this study, it appears that the reference SCWR design is not feasible. This conclusion appears based on the strong sensitivity of the design to small deviations in nominal conditions leading to small effects having a potentially large impact on the peak cladding temperature of some fuel rods. This was considered a major feasibility issue for the SCWR [McDonald, 2005]. After a description of the reference SCWR design, the Keno V 3-D single assembly model used for this analysis, as well as the calculated results, are presented. Additionally, the follwing information, presented in the appendixes, is intended to provide enough guidance that a researcher repeating the same task in the future should be able to obtain a vector of nuclei and cross sections ready for insertion into the transmutation library without any need for further instructions: (1) Complete TRITON/KENO-V input used for the analysis; (2) Inputs and detailed description of the usage of the OPUS utility, used to postproces and to extract the nuclei concentrations for the transmutation library; (3) Inputs and detailed description of the usage of the XSECLIST utility, used to postproces and to extract the 1-group cross sections for the transmutation library; (4) Details of an ad-hoc utility program developed to sort the nuclei and cross sections for the transmutation library.

ganda, francesco (090771)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Calculations on permanent-magnet quadrupoles with nonrectangular cross section  

SciTech Connect

The current trend toward higher frequencies to power drift-tube linacs (DTLs) and coupled-cavity linacs (CCLs) reduces the space available for quadrupole focusing magnets. Similarly, the space available for matching sections between linac sections is limited, and often the matching section bunchers are designed in odd shapes to make them fit. This shaping further restricts focusing magnet space. One approach to attaining sufficient quadrupole strength is such situations is to use rare-earth permanent-magnet quadrupoles (PMQs) with cross sections tailored to fill as much of the available space as possible. In this paper, we describe some techniques we have developed to calculate the properties of such magnets both singly and when other magnets are nearby. 3 refs., 4 figs.

Boicourt, G.P.; Merson, J.L.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

The stellar (n,gamma) cross section of 62Ni  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The 62Ni(n,gamma)63Ni(t_1/2=100+-2 yrs) reaction plays an important role in the control of the flow path of the slow neutron-capture (s-) nucleosynthesis process. We have measured for the first time the total cross section of this reaction for a quasi-Maxwellian (kT = 25 keV) neutron flux. The measurement was performed by fast-neutron activation, combined with accelerator mass spectrometry to detect directly the 63Ni product nuclei. The experimental value of 28.4+-2.8 mb, fairly consistent with a recent theoretical estimate, affects the calculated net yield of 62Ni itself and the whole distribution of nuclei with 62

132

Advanced modeling of reaction cross sections for light nuclei  

SciTech Connect

The shell model/R-matrix technique of calculating nuclear reaction cross sections for light projectiles incident on light nuclei is discussed, particularly in the application of the technique to thermonuclear reactions. Details are presented on the computational methods for the shell model which display how easily the calculations can be performed. Results of the shell model/R-matrix technique are discussed as are some of the problems encountered in picking an appropriate nucleon-nucleon interaction for the large model spaces which must be used for current problems. The status of our work on developing an effective nucleon-nucleon interaction for use in large-basis shell model calculations is presented. This new interaction is based on a combination of global constraints and microscopic nuclear data. 23 refs., 6 figs., 2 tabs.

Resler, D.A.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

AFCI-2.0 Neutron Cross Section Covariance Library  

SciTech Connect

The cross section covariance library has been under development by BNL-LANL collaborative effort over the last three years. The project builds on two covariance libraries developed earlier, with considerable input from BNL and LANL. In 2006, international effort under WPEC Subgroup 26 produced BOLNA covariance library by putting together data, often preliminary, from various sources for most important materials for nuclear reactor technology. This was followed in 2007 by collaborative effort of four US national laboratories to produce covariances, often of modest quality - hence the name low-fidelity, for virtually complete set of materials included in ENDF/B-VII.0. The present project is focusing on covariances of 4-5 major reaction channels for 110 materials of importance for power reactors. The work started under Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) in 2008, which changed to Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) in 2009. With the 2011 release the name has changed to the Covariance Multigroup Matrix for Advanced Reactor Applications (COMMARA) version 2.0. The primary purpose of the library is to provide covariances for AFCI data adjustment project, which is focusing on the needs of fast advanced burner reactors. Responsibility of BNL was defined as developing covariances for structural materials and fission products, management of the library and coordination of the work; LANL responsibility was defined as covariances for light nuclei and actinides. The COMMARA-2.0 covariance library has been developed by BNL-LANL collaboration for Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative applications over the period of three years, 2008-2010. It contains covariances for 110 materials relevant to fast reactor R&D. The library is to be used together with the ENDF/B-VII.0 central values of the latest official release of US files of evaluated neutron cross sections. COMMARA-2.0 library contains neutron cross section covariances for 12 light nuclei (coolants and moderators), 78 structural materials and fission products, and 20 actinides. Covariances are given in 33-energy groups, from 10?5 eV to 19.6 MeV, obtained by processing with LANL processing code NJOY using 1/E flux. In addition to these 110 files, the library contains 20 files with nu-bar covariances, 3 files with covariances of prompt fission neutron spectra (238,239,240-Pu), and 2 files with mu-bar covariances (23-Na, 56-Fe). Over the period of three years several working versions of the library have been released and tested by ANL and INL reactor analysts. Useful feedback has been collected allowing gradual improvements of the library. In addition, QA system was developed to check basic properties and features of the whole library, allowing visual inspection of uncertainty and correlations plots, inspection of uncertainties of integral quantities with independent databases, and dispersion of cross sections between major evaluated libraries. The COMMARA-2.0 beta version of the library was released to ANL and INL reactor analysts in October 2010. The final version, described in the present report, was released in March 2011.

Herman, M.; Herman, M; Oblozinsky, P.; Mattoon, C.M.; Pigni, M.; Hoblit, S.; Mughabghab, S.F.; Sonzogni, A.; Talou, P.; Chadwick, M.B.; Hale, G.M.; Kahler, A.C.; Kawano, T.; Little, R.C.; Yount, P.G.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

AFCI-2.0 Library of Neutron Cross Section Covariances  

SciTech Connect

Neutron cross section covariance library has been under development by BNL-LANL collaborative effort over the last three years. The primary purpose of the library is to provide covariances for the Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) data adjustment project, which is focusing on the needs of fast advanced burner reactors. The covariances refer to central values given in the 2006 release of the U.S. neutron evaluated library ENDF/B-VII. The preliminary version (AFCI-2.0beta) has been completed in October 2010 and made available to the users for comments. In the final 2.0 release, covariances for a few materials were updated, in particular new LANL evaluations for {sup 238,240}Pu and {sup 241}Am were adopted. BNL was responsible for covariances for structural materials and fission products, management of the library and coordination of the work, while LANL was in charge of covariances for light nuclei and for actinides.

Herman, M.; Herman,M.; Oblozinsky,P.; Mattoon,C.; Pigni,M.; Hoblit,S.; Mughabghab,S.F.; Sonzogni,A.; Talou,P.; Chadwick,M.B.; Hale.G.M.; Kahler,A.C.; Kawano,T.; Little,R.C.; Young,P.G.

2011-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

135

Radar-cross-section reduction of wind turbines. part 1.  

SciTech Connect

In recent years, increasing deployment of large wind-turbine farms has become an issue of growing concern for the radar community. The large radar cross section (RCS) presented by wind turbines interferes with radar operation, and the Doppler shift caused by blade rotation causes problems identifying and tracking moving targets. Each new wind-turbine farm installation must be carefully evaluated for potential disruption of radar operation for air defense, air traffic control, weather sensing, and other applications. Several approaches currently exist to minimize conflict between wind-turbine farms and radar installations, including procedural adjustments, radar upgrades, and proper choice of low-impact wind-farm sites, but each has problems with limited effectiveness or prohibitive cost. An alternative approach, heretofore not technically feasible, is to reduce the RCS of wind turbines to the extent that they can be installed near existing radar installations. This report summarizes efforts to reduce wind-turbine RCS, with a particular emphasis on the blades. The report begins with a survey of the wind-turbine RCS-reduction literature to establish a baseline for comparison. The following topics are then addressed: electromagnetic model development and validation, novel material development, integration into wind-turbine fabrication processes, integrated-absorber design, and wind-turbine RCS modeling. Related topics of interest, including alternative mitigation techniques (procedural, at-the-radar, etc.), an introduction to RCS and electromagnetic scattering, and RCS-reduction modeling techniques, can be found in a previous report.

Brock, Billy C.; Loui, Hung; McDonald, Jacob J.; Paquette, Joshua A.; Calkins, David A.; Miller, William K.; Allen, Steven E.; Clem, Paul Gilbert; Patitz, Ward E.

2012-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

136

Transrelativistic Synchrotron Emissivity, Cross-Section, and Polarization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The spectrum and polarization produced by particles spiraling in a magnetic field undergo dramatic changes as the emitters transition from nonrelativistic to relativistic energies. However, none of the currently available methods for calculating the characteristics of this radiation field are adequate for the purpose of sustaining accuracy and speed of computation in the intensity, and none even attempt to provide a means of determining the polarization fraction other than in the cyclotron or synchrotron limits. But the transrelativistic regime, which we here find to lie between $5\\times 10^7$ K and $5\\times 10^9$ K for a thermal plasma, is becoming increasingly important in high-energy astrophysical environments, such as in the intra-cluster medium, and in the accretion flows of supermassive black holes. In this paper, we present simple, yet highly accurate, fitting formulae for the magnetobremsstrahlung (also known as cyclo-synchrotron) emissivity, its polarization fraction (and content), and the absorption cross-section. We demonstrate that both the harmonic and high-energy limiting behavior are well represented, incurring at most an error of $\\sim 5%$ throughout the transition region.

Brandon Wolfe; Fulvio Melia

2005-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

137

Resonance capture cross section of {sup 207}Pb  

SciTech Connect

The radiative neutron capture cross section of {sup 207}Pb has been measured at the CERN neutron time of flight installation n{sub T}OF using the pulse height weighting technique in the resolved energy region. The measurement has been performed with an optimized setup of two C{sub 6}D{sub 6} scintillation detectors, which allowed us to reduce scattered neutron backgrounds down to a negligible level. Resonance parameters and radiative kernels have been determined for 16 resonances by means of an R-matrix analysis in the neutron energy range from 3 keV to 320 keV. Good agreement with previous measurements was found at low neutron energies, whereas substantial discrepancies appear beyond 45 keV. With the present results, we obtain an s-process contribution of 77{+-}8% to the solar abundance of {sup 207}Pb. This corresponds to an r-process component of 23{+-}8%, which is important for deriving the U/Th ages of metal poor halo stars.

Domingo-Pardo, C. [Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular, CSIC-Universidad de Valencia, Valencia (Spain); Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH (FZK), Institut fuer Kernphysik, D-76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany); Abbondanno, U.; Fujii, K.; Milazzo, P. M.; Moreau, C. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Trieste (Italy); Aerts, G.; Andriamonje, S.; Berthoumieux, E.; Dridi, W.; Gunsing, F.; Pancin, J.; Perrot, L.; Plukis, A. [CEA/Saclay-DSM, Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Alvarez-Pol, H.; Duran, I.; Paradela, C. [Universidade de Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Alvarez-Velarde, F.; Cano-Ott, D.; Embid-Segura, M.; Gonzalez-Romero, E. [Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas Medioambientales y Technologicas, Madrid (Spain)] (and others)

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

138

Neutrino constraints on the dark matter total annihilation cross section  

SciTech Connect

In the indirect detection of dark matter through its annihilation products, the signals depend on the square of the dark matter density, making precise knowledge of the distribution of dark matter in the Universe critical for robust predictions. Many studies have focused on regions where the dark matter density is greatest, e.g., the galactic center, as well as on the cosmic signal arising from all halos in the Universe. We focus on the signal arising from the whole Milky Way halo; this is less sensitive to uncertainties in the dark matter distribution, and especially for flatter profiles, this halo signal is larger than the cosmic signal. We illustrate this by considering a dark matter model in which the principal annihilation products are neutrinos. Since neutrinos are the least detectable standard model particles, a limit on their flux conservatively bounds the dark matter total self-annihilation cross section from above. By using the Milky Way halo signal, we show that previous constraints using the cosmic signal can be improved on by 1-2 orders of magnitude; dedicated experimental analyses should be able to improve both by an additional 1-2 orders of magnitude.

Yueksel, Hasan [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Horiuchi, Shunsaku [Department of Physics, School of Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Beacom, John F. [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Ando, Shin'ichiro [California Institute of Technology, Mail Code 130-33, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States)

2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

139

Neutrino oscillation studies and the neutrino cross section  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The present uncertainties in the knowledge of the neutrino cross sections for E_nu \\sim 1 GeV, that is in the energy range most important for atmospheric and long baseline accelerator neutrinos, are large. These uncertainties do not play a significant role in the interpretation of existing data, however they could become a limiting factor in future studies that aim at a complete and accurate determination of the neutrino oscillation parameters. New data and theoretical understanding on nuclear effects and on the electromagnetic structure functions at low Q^2 and in the resonance production region are available, and can be valuable in reducing the present systematic uncertainties. The collaboration of physicists working in different subfields will be important to obtain the most from this available information. It is now also possible, with the facilities developed for long baseline beams, to produce high intensity and well controlled neutrino beams to measure the neutrino interaction properties with much better precision that what was done in the past. Several projects and ideas to fully exploit these possibilities are under active investigation. These topics have been the object of the first neutrino interaction (NUINT01) workshop.

Paolo Lipari

2002-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

140

Measurement of electron neutrino CCQE-like cross-section in MINERvA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The electron-neutrino charged-current quasi-elastic (CCQE) cross-section on nuclei is an important input parameter to appearance-type neutrino oscillation experiments. Current experiments typically work from the muon neutrino cross-section and apply corrections from theoretical arguments to obtain a prediction for the electron neutrino cross-section, but to date there has been no experimental verification of the estimates for this channel at an energy scale appropriate to such experiments. We present a preliminary result from the MINERvA experiment on the first measurement of an exclusive reaction in few-GeV electron neutrino interactions, namely, the cross-section for a CCQE-like process. The result is given both as differential cross-sections vs. the electron energy, electron angle, and $Q^{2}$, as well as a total cross-section vs. neutrino energy.

Wolcott, Jeremy

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical sonic cross-section" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Knockout and knockout-fusion contributions to the (p,p)-type singles cross sections  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The (p,p)-type singles cross sections are calculated. The knockout of the target nucleons, reabsorption of the knocked-out particle, and particle-hole excitations into bound orbits are taken into account. The sum of cross sections for these three excitation modes is shown to describe nicely the observed continuum cross section data for the 54Fe(p,p) and 27Al(p,p) reactions at 62 MeV.

B. T. Kim; T. Udagawa; M. Benhamou; T. Tamura

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Total Neutron Cross Section for Uranium from 20 kev to 20 Mev  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The total neutron cross section of normal uranium has been measured for neutron energies from 20 kev to 7.6 Mev and at 17, 19, and 20 Mev. When combined with other published work in the 7-14 Mev range, the result is a smooth cross-section curve up to 20 Mev. The curve fits smoothly on the surface showing total neutron cross section as a function of both atomic weight and neutron energy.

R. L. Henkel; L. Cranberg; G. A. Jarvis; R. Nobles; J. E. Perry; Jr.

1954-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Influence of projectile neutron number on cross section in cold fusion reactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ON CROSS SECTION IN COLD FUSION REACTIONS I. Dragojevi? ,type of reaction has been referred to as cold fusion. The study of cold fusion reactions is an indispensable

Dragojevic, I.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Measurement on the thermal neutron capture cross section of w-180  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have measured the thermal neutron capture cross section for w-180 nucleus. There is only one previous data on this cross section with a value of 30 $^{+300%}_{-100%}$ barn. To consider w-181 as a low energy neutrino source, the thermal neutron capture cross section should be measured more precisely to estimate the production rate of w-181 inside a nuclear reactor. We measured the cross section of w-180 with a natural tungsten foil and obtained a new value of 21.9 $\\pm$ 2.5 barn

W. G. Kang; Y. D. Kim; J. I. Lee; I. S. Hahn; A. R. Kim; H. J. Kim

2007-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

145

Systematics of isotopic production cross sections from interactions of relativistic 40Ca in hydrogen  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The isotopic production cross sections for 40Ca projectiles at 357, 565, and 763 MeV/nucleon interacting in a liquid hydrogen target have been measured by the Transport Collaboration at the LBL HISS facility. The systematics of these cross sections are studied, and the results indicate that nuclear structure effects are present in the isotope production process during the relativistic collisions. The newly measured cross sections are also compared with those predicted by semiempirical and parametric formulas, but the predictions do not fully describe the systematics such as the energy dependence. The consequences of the cross section systematics in galactic cosmic ray studies are also discussed.

C.-X. Chen; S. Albergo; Z. Caccia; S. Costa; H. J. Crawford; M. Cronqvist; J. Engelage; L. Greiner; T. G. Guzik; A. Insolia; C. N. Knott; P. J. Lindstrom; M. McMahon; J. W. Mitchell; R. Potenza; G. V. Russo; A. Soutoul; O. Testard; C. E. Tull; C. Tuv; C. J. Waddington; W. R. Webber; J. P. Wefel

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Semiempirical method for extracting electron molecule cross sections from experimental data: CF4 as an example  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A semiempirical method is described for calculating electron-molecule interaction potential, electron density, and elastic and vibrational inelastic cross sections using experimental data.CF 4 was...

B. Stefanov; P. Pirgov

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Differential cross sections for the ionization of oriented H2 molecules by electron-impact  

SciTech Connect

A nonperturbative close-coupling technique is used to calculate differential cross sections for the electron-impact ionization of H{sub 2} at an energy of 35.4 eV. Our approach allows cross sections for any orientation of the molecule with respect to the incident electron beam to be analyzed. New features in the resulting cross sections are found compared with the case where the molecular orientation is averaged, and also with cross sections for He at equivalent electron kinematics. When averaged over all possible molecular orientations, good agreement is found with recent experimental results.

Colgan, James P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Pindzola, M S [AUBURN UNIV; Kaiser, C [UNIV MANCHESTER; Madison, D H [MISSOURI INST.; Robicheaux, F [AUBURN UNIV; Balance, J [ROLLINS COLLEGE

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Differential Neutron Scattering Cross Sections and Average Neutron Parameters of Tin Isotopes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The differential cross sections of elastically scattered neutrons were measured for tin isotopes at the...o, s 1/2 1 , S 1/3 ...

V. G. Nikolenko; A. B. Popov; G. S. Samosvat

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Neutron cross sections of the isomeric nuclei KPrn, Sr81m,and Nbgam  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neutron cross sections of the isomeric nuclei KPrn, Sr81m,and Nbgam NJ. V. Petrov and A. I. Fiz. 23, 1186-1189 (June 1976) Inelastic neutron acceleration and retardation cross sections is on the order of tenths of a barn. For the Srs7mnucleus the mean energy given to a neutron in a single collision

Shlyakhter, Ilya

150

Neutron Inelastic Cross-Sections between 55 and 140 MeV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

10 July 1956 research-article Neutron Inelastic Cross-Sections between 55 and 140 MeV R. G. P. Voss R. Wilson The neutron inelastic cross-sections for lead, cadmium, copper, aluminium and carbon have been measured at 140, 105, 81...

1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Neutron-induced cross sections of short-lived nuclei via the surrogate reaction method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neutron-induced cross sections of short-lived nuclei via the surrogate reaction method G. Boutoux1 Abstract. The measurement of neutron-induced cross sections of short-lived nuclei is extremely difficult for a neutron-induced measurement. We have successfully used the surrogate reaction method to extract neutron

Boyer, Edmond

152

Toward the Large-Eddy Simulation Over a Hypersonic Elliptical Cross-Section Cone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Toward the Large-Eddy Simulation Over a Hypersonic Elliptical Cross-Section Cone M. Pino Mart layer. Also, the computational setup for the large-eddy sim- ulation (LES) of a hypersonic elliptical cross-section cone is discussed in detail. Introduction The aerodynamic heating effects in hypersonic

Martín, Pino

153

The Ramsauer model for the total cross sections of neutron nucleus scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Theoretical study of systematics of neutron scattering cross sections on various materials for neutron energies up to several hundred MeV are of practical importance. In this paper, we analysed the experimental neutron scattering total cross sections from 20MeV to 550MeV using Ramsauer model for nuclei ranging from Be to Pb.

R. S. Gowda; S. S. V. Suryanarayana; S. Ganesan

2005-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

154

Electron impact ionization of neutral and ionized fullerenes: ionization crosssections and kinetic energy release  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and 1000 eV, with an energy spread of approximately...exit electrode by an electric field penetrating from...measurements of appearance energies and ionization cross-sections...measurements have been car- ried out (in both...cross-sections versus electron energy from threshold up to...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

The writhing of circular crosssection rods: undersea cables to DNA supercoils  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...circular cross-section rods: undersea cables to DNA supercoils D. M. Stump 1 W...tension and torque, such as undersea cables, and to closed loops with inserted twist...circular cross-section rods: undersea cables to DNA supercoils By D. M. Stump1...

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

PHYSICAL REVIEW C VOLUME 28, NUMBER 6 JUNE 1981 Direct capture cross sections at low energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solar nuclear reactions due to the unexpectedly low neutrino flux measured by Davis et al. ' One cross section for this reaction. ' Rolfs et al.' have remeasured the low-energy S factor (relatedPHYSICAL REVIEW C VOLUME 28, NUMBER 6 JUNE 1981 Direct capture cross sections at low energy R. D

Williams, Roy

157

Scattering and reaction cross-sections measured at SPES I Results compiled by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for low energy nuclear physics measurements i.e. : diffe- rential cross-section (a = deT/dQ) versus This article gives all the differential cross-sections for two body reactions at intermediate energy measured (Saclay) in 1971 in order to investigate intermediate energy two body reactions. This magne- tic

Boyer, Edmond

158

The Thermal Neutron Capture Cross Sections of Pa231 and Pa232  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The neutron capture cross section of Pa231 has been determined to be 293 barns, the largest uncertainty in this determination being due to the uncertainty in the half-life of U232 and being of the order of 15 percent.The neutron capture cross section of Pa232 was determined to be about 40{+40}{-20} barns.

R. Elson; P. A. Sellers; E. R. John

1953-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Interactions of relativistic neon to nickel projectiles in hydrogen, elemental production cross sections  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reports the elemental production cross sections for 17 projectile-energy combinations with energies between 338 and 894 MeV/nucleon interacting in a liquid hydrogen target. These results were obtained from two runs at the LBL Bevalac using projectiles ranging from Ne22 to Ni58. Cross sections were measured for all fragment elements with charges greater than or equal to half the charge of the projectile. The results show that, over the energy and ion range investigated, the general decrease in cross section with decreasing fragment charge is strongly modified by the isospin of the projectile ion. Significant additional modifications of the cross sections due to the internal structure of the nucleus have also been seen. These include both pairing and shell effects. Differences in the cross sections due to the differing energies of the projectile are also considerable. 1996 The American Physical Society.

C. N. Knott et al.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Production cross sections of tritium in high energy nuclear reactions with 12 GeV protons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Production cross sections of tritium in high energy nuclear reactions with 12 GeV protons were measured for Al, Co, Cu, Nb, Ag, In, Sn, Au and Pb targets. Large production cross sections of > 500 (mb) were obtained for Au and Pb targets. From their atomic weight dependence, tritium cross sections (?) in mb can be expressed as a function of target atomic weight (A) by the following simple equation: ?(A) = 95 exp(A107), which should be useful for predicting unknown cross sections. Together with other existing data at different energies, the present data suggest that there is no energy dependence of tritium cross section at proton energies above several GeV.

Masaharu Noguchi; Taichi Miura; Kenjiro Kondo; Takenori Suzuki; Yuichi Oki; Minoru Takasaki; Kazuhiro H. Tanaka; Masaharu Ieiri

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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161

Photoeffect cross sections of several rare-earth elements for 323-keV photons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Total-attenuation cross sections of the oxides of rare-earth elements such as La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Dy, Ho, and Er, and also NaNO3 and NaNO2 have been measured in a narrow-beam geometry setup at 323 keV. The total-attenuation cross section for oxygen was obtained as the difference in NaNO3 and NaNO2 cross sections. Using this, the total-attenuation cross sections of the individual lanthanides have been obtained with the aid of the mixture rule. From these, the photoeffect cross sections were derived by subtracting the scattering contribution. These values are found to agree well with Scofields theoretical data [University of California Report No. UCRL 51326, 1973 (unpublished)].

T. K. Umesh, S. J. Anasuya, J. Shylaja Kumari, Channe Gowda, K. P. Gopinathan Nair, and Ramakrishna Gowda

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Deep inelastic cross-section measurements at large y with the ZEUS detector at HERA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The reduced cross sections for $e^{+}p$ deep inelastic scattering have been measured with the ZEUS detector at HERA at three different centre-of-mass energies, $318$, $251$ and $225$ GeV. The cross sections, measured double differentially in Bjorken $x$ and the virtuality, $Q^2$, were obtained in the region $0.13\\ \\leq\\ y\\ \\leq\\ 0.75$, where $y$ denotes the inelasticity and $5\\ \\leq\\ Q^2\\ \\leq\\ 110$ GeV$^2$. The proton structure functions $F_2$ and $F_L$ were extracted from the measured cross sections.

ZEUS Collaboration; H. Abramowicz; I. Abt; L. Adamczyk; M. Adamus; R. Aggarwal; S. Antonelli; O. Arslan; V. Aushev; Y. Aushev; O. Bachynska; A. N. Barakbaev; N. Bartosik; O. Behnke; J. Behr; U. Behrens; A. Bertolin; S. Bhadra; I. Bloch; V. Bokhonov; E. G. Boos; K. Borras; I. Brock; R. Brugnera; A. Bruni; B. Brzozowska; P. J. Bussey; A. Caldwell; M. Capua; C. D. Catterall; J. Chwastowski; J. Ciborowski; R. Ciesielski; A. M. Cooper-Sarkar; M. Corradi; F. Corriveau; G. D'Agostini; R. K. Dementiev; R. C. E. Devenish; G. Dolinska; V. Drugakov; S. Dusini; J. Ferrando; J. Figiel; B. Foster; G. Gach; A. Garfagnini; A. Geiser; A. Gizhko; L. K. Gladilin; O. Gogota; Yu. A. Golubkov; J. Grebenyuk; I. Gregor; G. Grzelak; O. Gueta; M. Guzik; W. Hain; G. Hartner; D. Hochman; R. Hori; Z. A. Ibrahim; Y. Iga; M. Ishitsuka; A. Iudin; F. Januschek; I. Kadenko; S. Kananov; T. Kanno; U. Karshon; M. Kaur; P. Kaur; L. A. Khein; D. Kisielewska; R. Klanner; U. Klein; N. Kondrashova; O. Kononenko; Ie. Korol; I. A. Korzhavina; A. Kotanski; U. Kotz; N. Kovalchuk; H. Kowalski; O. Kuprash; M. Kuze; B. B. Levchenko; A. Levy; V. Libov; S. Limentani; M. Lisovyi; E. Lobodzinska; W. Lohmann; B. Lohr; E. Lohrmann; A. Longhin; D. Lontkovskyi; O. Yu. Lukina; J. Maeda; I. Makarenko; J. Malka; J. F. Martin; S. Mergelmeyer; F. Mohamad Idris; K. Mujkic; V. Myronenko; K. Nagano; A. Nigro; T. Nobe; D. Notz; R. J. Nowak; K. Olkiewicz; Yu. Onishchuk; E. Paul; W. Perlanski; H. Perrey; N. S. Pokrovskiy; A. S. Proskuryakov; M. Przybycien; A. Raval; P. Roloff; I. Rubinsky; M. Ruspa; V. Samojlov; D. H. Saxon; M. Schioppa; W. B. Schmidke; U. Schneekloth; T. Schorner-Sadenius; J. Schwartz; L. M. Shcheglova; R. Shevchenko; O. Shkola; I. Singh; I. O. Skillicorn; W. Slominski; V. Sola; A. Solano; A. Spiridonov; L. Stanco; N. Stefaniuk; A. Stern; T. P. Stewart; P. Stopa; J. Sztuk-Dambietz; D. Szuba; J. Szuba; E. Tassi; T. Temiraliev; K. Tokushuku; J. Tomaszewska; A. Trofymov; V. Trusov; T. Tsurugai; M. Turcato; O. Turkot; T. Tymieniecka; A. Verbytskyi; O. Viazlo; R. Walczak; W. A. T. Wan Abdullah; K. Wichmann; M. Wing; G. Wolf; S. Yamada; Y. Yamazaki; N. Zakharchuk; A. F. Zarnecki; L. Zawiejski; O. Zenaiev; B. O. Zhautykov; N. Zhmak; D. S. Zotkin

2014-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

163

Total cross-section for photon-axion conversions in external electromagnetic field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We reconsider the conversion of the photon into axion in the external electromagnetic fields, namely in the static fields and in a periodic field of the wave guide. The total cross-sections for the conversion are evaluated in detail. The result shows that with strong strength of external electromagnetic fields, the cross-sections are large enough to measure the axion production. In the wave guide there exists the resonant conversion at the low energies, in which the value of cross-sections is much enhanced

D. V. Soa; H. N. Long; T. D. Tham

2014-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

164

Deep inelastic cross-section measurements at large y with the ZEUS detector at HERA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The reduced cross sections for $e^{+}p$ deep inelastic scattering have been measured with the ZEUS detector at HERA at three different centre-of-mass energies, $318$, $251$ and $225$ GeV. The cross sections, measured double differentially in Bjorken $x$ and the virtuality, $Q^2$, were obtained in the region $0.13\\ \\leq\\ y\\ \\leq\\ 0.75$, where $y$ denotes the inelasticity and $5\\ \\leq\\ Q^2\\ \\leq\\ 110$ GeV$^2$. The proton structure functions $F_2$ and $F_L$ were extracted from the measured cross sections.

Abramowicz, H; Adamczyk, L; Adamus, M; Aggarwal, R; Antonelli, S; Arslan, O; Aushev, V; Aushev, Y; Bachynska, O; Barakbaev, A N; Bartosik, N; Behnke, O; Behr, J; Behrens, U; Bertolin, A; Bhadra, S; Bloch, I; Bokhonov, V; Boos, E G; Borras, K; Brock, I; Brugnera, R; Bruni, A; Brzozowska, B; Bussey, P J; Caldwell, A; Capua, M; Catterall, C D; Chwastowski, J; Ciborowski, J; Ciesielski, R; Cooper-Sarkar, A M; Corradi, M; Corriveau, F; D'Agostini, G; Dementiev, R K; Devenish, R C E; Dolinska, G; Drugakov, V; Dusini, S; Ferrando, J; Figiel, J; Foster, B; Gach, G; Garfagnini, A; Geiser, A; Gizhko, A; Gladilin, L K; Gogota, O; Golubkov, Yu A; Grebenyuk, J; Gregor, I; Grzelak, G; Gueta, O; Guzik, M; Hain, W; Hartner, G; Hochman, D; Hori, R; Ibrahim, Z A; Iga, Y; Ishitsuka, M; Iudin, A; Januschek, F; Kadenko, I; Kananov, S; Kanno, T; Karshon, U; Kaur, M; Kaur, P; Khein, L A; Kisielewska, D; Klanner, R; Klein, U; Kondrashova, N; Kononenko, O; Korol, Ie; Korzhavina, I A; Kotanski, A; Kotz, U; Kovalchuk, N; Kowalski, H; Kuprash, O; Kuze, M; Levchenko, B B; Levy, A; Libov, V; Limentani, S; Lisovyi, M; Lobodzinska, E; Lohmann, W; Lohr, B; Lohrmann, E; Longhin, A; Lontkovskyi, D; Lukina, O Yu; Maeda, J; Makarenko, I; Malka, J; Martin, J F; Mergelmeyer, S; Idris, F Mohamad; Mujkic, K; Myronenko, V; Nagano, K; Nigro, A; Nobe, T; Notz, D; Nowak, R J; Olkiewicz, K; Onishchuk, Yu; Paul, E; Perlanski, W; Perrey, H; Pokrovskiy, N S; Proskuryakov, A S; Przybycien, M; Raval, A; Roloff, P; Rubinsky, I; Ruspa, M; Samojlov, V; Saxon, D H; Schioppa, M; Schmidke, W B; Schneekloth, U; Schorner-Sadenius, T; Schwartz, J; Shcheglova, L M; Shevchenko, R; Shkola, O; Singh, I; Skillicorn, I O; Slominski, W; Sola, V; Solano, A; Spiridonov, A; Stanco, L; Stefaniuk, N; Stern, A; Stewart, T P; Stopa, P; Sztuk-Dambietz, J; Szuba, D; Szuba, J; Tassi, E; Temiraliev, T; Tokushuku, K; Tomaszewska, J; Trofymov, A; Trusov, V; Tsurugai, T; Turcato, M; Turkot, O; Tymieniecka, T; Verbytskyi, A; Viazlo, O; Walczak, R; Abdullah, W A T Wan; Wichmann, K; Wing, M; Wolf, G; Yamada, S; Yamazaki, Y; Zakharchuk, N; Zarnecki, A F; Zawiejski, L; Zenaiev, O; Zhautykov, B O; Zhmak, N; Zotkin, D S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Absorption Cross Section of Smeared D3-Brane on a Circle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The evaluation of the absorption cross section of a massless scalar field propagating on a non-extremal black D3-brane smeared on a circle is considered. The solution to the scalar field equation of motion at high temperature is obtained in terms of the parameters $\\lambda=3\\omega/4\\pi T$ and $k$, which denote the frequency and the momentum along the circle respectively while $T$ denotes the temperature of the black brane. Based on a perturbative scheme, higher order temperature corrections to the scalar absorption cross section are computed. Further, interesting analogies with the cross section of known black branes solutions are discussed.

Anastasios Psinas

2006-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

166

Calculation of the neutron-induced fission cross section of Pa233  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Since very recently, experimental data for the energy dependence of the Pa233(n,f) cross section are finally available. This has stimulated a new, self-consistent cross section evaluation for the system n+Pa233 in the incident neutron energy range 0.016MeV. The results are quite different compared to earlier evaluation attempts. Since Pa233 is an important intermediary in the thorium based fuel cycle, its neutron reaction cross sections are key parameters in the modeling of future advanced reactor concepts.

G. Vladuca; F.-J. Hambsch; A. Tudora; S. Oberstedt; F. Tovesson; A. Oberstedt; D. Filipescu

2004-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

167

Measurement of the neutrino-oxygen neutral-current interaction cross section by observing nuclear deexcitation $?$ rays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the first measurement of the neutrino-oxygen neutral-current quasielastic (NCQE) cross section. It is obtained by observing nuclear deexcitation $\\gamma$-rays which follow neutrino-oxygen interactions at the Super-Kamiokande water Cherenkov detector. We use T2K data corresponding to $3.01 \\times 10^{20}$ protons on target. By selecting only events during the T2K beam window and with well-reconstructed vertices in the fiducial volume, the large background rate from natural radioactivity is dramatically reduced. We observe 43 events in the $4-30$ MeV reconstructed energy window, compared with an expectation of 51.0, which includes an estimated 16.2 background events. The background is primarily nonquasielastic neutral-current interactions and has only 1.2 events from natural radioactivity. The flux-averaged NCQE cross section we measure is $1.55 \\times 10^{-38}$ cm$^2$ with a 68\\% confidence interval of $(1.22, 2.20) \\times 10^{-38}$ cm$^2$ at a median neutrino energy of 630 MeV, compared with the theoretical prediction of $2.01 \\times 10^{-38}$ cm$^2$.

K. Abe; J. Adam; H. Aihara; T. Akiri; C. Andreopoulos; S. Aoki; A. Ariga; T. Ariga; S. Assylbekov; D. Autiero; M. Barbi; G. J. Barker; G. Barr; M. Bass; M. Batkiewicz; F. Bay; S. W. Bentham; V. Berardi; B. E. Berger; S. Berkman; I. Bertram; S. Bhadra; F. d. M. Blaszczyk; A. Blondel; C. Bojechko; S. Bordoni; S. B. Boyd; D. Brailsford; A. Bravar; C. Bronner; N. Buchanan; R. G. Calland; J. Caravaca Rodrguez; S. L. Cartwright; R. Castillo; M. G. Catanesi; A. Cervera; D. Cherdack; G. Christodoulou; A. Clifton; J. Coleman; S. J. Coleman; G. Collazuol; K. Connolly; L. Cremonesi; A. Dabrowska; I. Danko; R. Das; S. Davis; P. de Perio; G. De Rosa; T. Dealtry; S. R. Dennis; C. Densham; D. Dewhurst; F. Di Lodovico; S. Di Luise; O. Drapier; T. Duboyski; K. Duffy; F. Dufour; J. Dumarchez; S. Dytman; M. Dziewiecki; S. Emery-Schrenk; A. Ereditato; L. Escudero; A. J. Finch; G. A. Fiorentini Aguirre; M. Friend; Y. Fujii; Y. Fukuda; A. P. Furmanski; V. Galymov; A. Gaudin; S. Giffin; C. Giganti; K. Gilje; D. Goeldi; T. Golan; J. J. Gomez-Cadenas; M. Gonin; N. Grant; D. Gudin; D. R. Hadley; L. Haegel; A. Haesler; M. D. Haigh; P. Hamilton; D. Hansen; T. Hara; M. Hartz; T. Hasegawa; N. C. Hastings; Y. Hayato; C. Hearty; R. L. Helmer; M. Hierholzer; J. Hignight; A. Hillairet; A. Himmel; T. Hiraki; S. Hirota; J. Holeczek; S. Horikawa; K. Huang; A. K. Ichikawa; K. Ieki; M. Ieva; M. Ikeda; J. Imber; J. Insler; T. J. Irvine; T. Ishida; T. Ishii; S. J. Ives; E. Iwai; K. Iwamoto; K. Iyogi; A. Izmaylov; A. Jacob; B. Jamieson; R. A. Johnson; S. Johnson; J. H. Jo; P. Jonsson; C. K. Jung; M. Kabirnezhad; A. C. Kaboth; T. Kajita; H. Kakuno; J. Kameda; Y. Kanazawa; D. Karlen; I. Karpikov; T. Katori; E. Kearns; M. Khabibullin; A. Khotjantsev; D. Kielczewska; T. Kikawa; A. Kilinski; J. Kim; S. King; J. Kisiel; P. Kitching; T. Kobayashi; L. Koch; A. Kolaceke; A. Konaka; L. L. Kormos; A. Korzenev; K. Koseki; Y. Koshio; I. Kreslo; W. Kropp; H. Kubo; Y. Kudenko; S. Kumaratunga; R. Kurjata; T. Kutter; J. Lagoda; K. Laihem; I. Lamont; E. Larkin; M. Laveder; M. Lawe; M. Lazos; K. P. Lee; C. Licciardi; T. Lindner; C. Lister; R. P. Litchfield; A. Longhin; L. Ludovici; M. Macaire; L. Magaletti; K. Mahn; M. Malek; S. Manly; A. D. Marino; J. Marteau; J. F. Martin; S. Martynenko; T. Maruyama; J. Marzec; E. L. Mathie; V. Matveev; K. Mavrokoridis; E. Mazzucato; M. McCarthy; N. McCauley; K. S. McFarland; C. McGrew; A. Mefodiev; C. Metelko; M. Mezzetto; P. Mijakowski; C. A. Miller; A. Minamino; O. Mineev; S. Mine; A. Missert; M. Miura; L. Monfregola; S. Moriyama; Th. A. Mueller; A. Murakami; M. Murdoch; S. Murphy; J. Myslik; T. Nagasaki; T. Nakadaira; M. Nakahata; T. Nakai; K. Nakamura; S. Nakayama; T. Nakaya; K. Nakayoshi; C. Nantais; D. Naples; C. Nielsen; M. Nirkko; K. Nishikawa; Y. Nishimura; J. Nowak; H. M. O'Keeffe; R. Ohta; K. Okumura; T. Okusawa; W. Oryszczak; S. M. Oser; T. Ovsyannikova; R. A. Owen; Y. Oyama; V. Palladino; J. L. Palomino; V. Paolone; D. Payne; G. F. Pearce; O. Perevozchikov; J. D. Perkin; Y. Petrov; L. Pickard; E. S. Pinzon Guerra; C. Pistillo; P. Plonski; E. Poplawska; B. Popov; M. Posiadala-Zezula; J. -M. Poutissou; R. Poutissou; P. Przewlocki; B. Quilain; E. Radicioni; P. N. Ratoff; M. Ravonel; M. A. M. Rayner; A. Redij; M. Reeves; E. Reinherz-Aronis; C. Riccio; F. Retiere; A. Robert; P. A. Rodrigues; P. Rojas; E. Rondio; S. Roth; A. Rubbia; D. Ruterbories; R. Sacco; K. Sakashita; F. Snchez; F. Sato; E. Scantamburlo; K. Scholberg; S. Schoppmann; J. Schwehr; M. Scott; Y. Seiya; T. Sekiguchi; H. Sekiya; D. Sgalaberna; F. Shaker; M. Shiozawa; S. Short; Y. Shustrov; P. Sinclair; B. Smith; R. J. Smith; M. Smy; J. T. Sobczyk; H. Sobel; M. Sorel; L. Southwell; P. Stamoulis; J. Steinmann; B. Still; Y. Suda; A. Suzuki; K. Suzuki; S. Y. Suzuki; Y. Suzuki; T. Szeglowski; R. Tacik; M. Tada; S. Takahashi; A. Takeda; Y. Takeuchi; H. K. Tanaka; H. A. Tanaka; M. M. Tanaka; I. J. Taylor; D. Terhorst; R. Terri; L. F. Thompson; A. Thorley; S. Tobayama; W. Toki; T. Tomura; Y. Totsuka; C. Touramanis; T. Tsukamoto; M. Tzanov; Y. Uchida; K. Ueno; A. Vacheret; M. Vagins; G. Vasseur; T. Wachala; A. V. Waldron; C. W. Walter; D. Wark; M. O. Wascko; A. Weber; R. Wendell; R. J. Wilkes; M. J. Wilking; C. Wilkinson; Z. Williamson; J. R. Wilson; R. J. Wilson; T. Wongjirad; Y. Yamada; K. Yamamoto; C. Yanagisawa; T. Yano; S. Yen; N. Yershov; M. Yokoyama; T. Yuan; M. Yu; A. Zalewska; J. Zalipska; L. Zambelli; K. Zaremba; M. Ziembicki; E. D. Zimmerman; M. Zito; J. ?muda

2014-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

168

Nuclear Reaction Cross Sections Database at BNL | U.S. DOE Office of  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Reaction Cross Sections Reaction Cross Sections Database at BNL Nuclear Physics (NP) NP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of NP Spinoff Applications Spinoff Archives SBIR/STTR Applications of Nuclear Science and Technology Funding Opportunities Nuclear Science Advisory Committee (NSAC) News & Resources Contact Information Nuclear Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-26/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3613 F: (301) 903-3833 E: sc.np@science.doe.gov More Information » Spinoff Archives Nuclear Reaction Cross Sections Database at BNL Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Application/instrumentation: Generation and maintenance of database containing evaluated (recommended) nuclear reaction cross sections for all nuclei relevant to applied

169

MC2-3: Multigroup Cross-Sections for Fast Reactors | Argonne...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

It generates broad-group, cell-average microscopic cross sections from ENDFB basic nuclear data. MC2-3 handles the complicated resonance self-shielding in fast spectrum systems...

170

Neutron Reflection Method for the Fast Estimation of Neutron Removal Cross Section in Hydrogenous Materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Neutron reflection method was used for the fast estimation of the neutron removal cross section in hydrogenous materials of ... to hydrogenous materials with a low concentration of neutron absorbing elements.

L. Desdin; C. Ceballos

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Neutron Reflection Method for the Fast Estimation of the Neutron Removal Cross Section in Complex Materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present paper is devoted to expand the use of neutron reflection method for the fast estimation of ... dependence of the removal cross section from the neutron reflection coefficient was found. The sensitivit...

L. Desdin; L. M. Garca

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

The Relative Probabilities and Absolute Cross Sections of the D D Reactions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measurements with a gas target have been made of the relative probabilities and absolute cross sections of the two possible D D reactions, by simultaneously counting the helium and hydrogen nuclei produced by the reactions. The counters were separated from the target by a thin silica window. The ratio of the cross section of the neutron-producing reaction to that of the proton-producing reaction was found to increase from 0.95 at 120 kev to 1.06 at 250 kev. The "neutron" cross section was 0.019 barn at 120 kev and 0.038 barn at 250 kev while the "proton" cross section increased from 0.020 barn at 120 kev to 0.049 barn at 300 kev. The results can be fitted to an expression of the form ?E=?alPl and the values of the coefficients al are given.

K. G. McNeill and G. M. Keyser

1951-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

173

A Cross-sectional Study of Bovine Tuberculosis in Dairy Farms in Asmara, Eritrea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Bovine tuberculosis in dairy cattle in Asmara, Eritrea, was studied using a cross-sectional study to describe its prevalence and to identify factors associated with it. A total of 72 randomly selected herds we...

M.K. Omer; E. Skjerve; Z. Woldehiwet; G. Holstad

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

E-Print Network 3.0 - avena cross-sectional study Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

avena cross-sectional study Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Nicole M. Avena, Ph.D. Curriculum Vitae Summary: 12;4 Rada, P, Paez, X, Hernandez, L, Avena, NM, Hoebel, BG (2007)...

175

Differential Photoproduction Cross Sections of the Sigma0(1385), Lambda(1405), and Lambda(1520)  

SciTech Connect

We report the exclusive photoproduction cross sections for the Sigma(1385), Lambda(1405), and Lambda(1520) in the reactions gamma + p -> K+ + Y* using the CLAS detector for energies from near the respective production thresholds up to a center-of-mass energy W of 2.85 GeV. The differential cross sections are integrated to give the total exclusive cross sections for each hyperon. Comparisons are made to current theoretical models based on the effective Lagrangian approach and fitted to previous data. The accuracy of these models is seen to vary widely. The cross sections for the Lambda(1405) region are strikingly different for the Sigma+pi-, Sigma0 pi0, and Sigma- pi+ decay channels, indicating the effect of isospin interference, especially at W values close to the threshold.

Moriya, Kei [Indiana U.; Schumacher, Reinhard A. [Carnegie Mellon U.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Assessment of Fission Product Cross-Section Data for Burnup Credit Applications  

SciTech Connect

Past efforts by the Department of Energy (DOE), the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), and others have provided sufficient technical information to enable the NRC to issue regulatory guidance for implementation of pressurized-water reactor (PWR) burnup credit; however, consideration of only the reactivity change due to the major actinides is recommended in the guidance. Moreover, DOE, NRC, and EPRI have noted the need for additional scientific and technical data to justify expanding PWR burnup credit to include fission product (FP) nuclides and enable burnup credit implementation for boiling-water reactor (BWR) spent nuclear fuel (SNF). The criticality safety assessment needed for burnup credit applications will utilize computational analyses of packages containing SNF with FP nuclides. Over the years, significant efforts have been devoted to the nuclear data evaluation of major isotopes pertinent to reactor applications (i.e., uranium, plutonium, etc.); however, efforts to evaluate FP cross-section data in the resonance region have been less thorough relative to actinide data. In particular, resonance region cross-section measurements with corresponding R-matrix resonance analyses have not been performed for FP nuclides. Therefore, the objective of this work is to assess the status and performance of existing FP cross-section and cross-section uncertainty data in the resonance region for use in burnup credit analyses. Recommendations for new cross-section measurements and/or evaluations are made based on the data assessment. The assessment focuses on seven primary FP isotopes (103Rh, 133Cs, 143Nd, 149Sm, 151Sm, 152Sm, and 155Gd) that impact reactivity analyses of transportation packages and two FP isotopes (153Eu and 155Eu) that impact prediction of 155Gd concentrations. Much of the assessment work was completed in 2005, and the assessment focused on the latest FP cross-section evaluations available in the international nuclear data community as of March 2005. The accuracy of the cross-section data was investigated by comparing existing cross-section evaluations against available measured cross-section data. When possible, benchmark calculations were also used to assess the performance of the latest FP cross-section data. Since March 2005, the U.S. and European data projects have released newer versions of their respective data files. Although there have been updates to the international data files and to some degree FP data, much of the updates have included nuclear cross-section modeling improvements at energies above the resonance region. The one exception is improved ENDF/B-VII cross-section uncertainty data or covariance data for gadolinium isotopes. In particular, ENDF/B-VII includes improved 155Gd resonance parameter covariance data, but they are based on previously measured resonance data. Although the new covariance data are available for 155Gd, the conclusions of the FP cross-section data assessment of this report still hold in lieu of the newer international cross-section data files. Based on the FP data assessment, there is judged to be a need for new total and capture cross-section measurements and corresponding cross-section evaluations, in a prioritized manner, for the nine FPs to provide the improved information and technical rigor needed for criticality safety analyses.

Leal, Luiz C [ORNL; Derrien, Herve [ORNL; Dunn, Michael E [ORNL; Mueller, Don [ORNL

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Differential cross section measurement for the d(n,np) reaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The differential cross section for the quasielastic d(n,np) neutron-induced deuteron breakup reaction was measured as a function of incident and scattered particle energies and angles, using a liquid deuterium target at ...

Uemura, Sho

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Fusion cross sections for reactions involving medium & heavy nucleus-nucleus systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Existing data on near-barrier fusion excitation functions of medium and heavy nucleus-nucleus systems have been analyzed using a simple diffused barrier formula derived assuming the Gaussian shape of the barrier height distributions. Fusion cross section is obtained by folding the Gaussian barrier distribution with the classical expression for the fusion cross section for a fixed barrier. The energy dependence of the fusion cross section, thus obtained, provides good description to the existing data on near-barrier fusion and capture excitation functions for medium and heavy nucleus-nucleus systems. The fusion or capture cross section predictions are especially important for planning experiments for synthesizing new super-heavy elements.

Atta, Debasis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Fusion cross sections for reactions involving medium & heavy nucleus-nucleus systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Existing data on near-barrier fusion excitation functions of medium and heavy nucleus-nucleus systems have been analyzed using a simple diffused barrier formula derived assuming the Gaussian shape of the barrier height distributions. Fusion cross section is obtained by folding the Gaussian barrier distribution with the classical expression for the fusion cross section for a fixed barrier. The energy dependence of the fusion cross section, thus obtained, provides good description to the existing data on near-barrier fusion and capture excitation functions for medium and heavy nucleus-nucleus systems. The fusion or capture cross section predictions are especially important for planning experiments for synthesizing new super-heavy elements.

Debasis Atta; D. N. Basu

2014-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

180

Spiral microchannel with rectangular and trapezoidal cross-sections for size based particle separation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper reports a new method for three-dimensional observation of the location of focused particle streams along both the depth and width of the channel cross-section in spiral inertial microfluidic systems. The results ...

Guan, Guofeng

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical sonic cross-section" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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181

Production cross section and topological decay branching fractions of the ? lepton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report new measurements of the production cross section for the reaction e(+)e(?)??(+)?(?) at s?=29 GeV, as well as the topological decay branching fractions of the ? lepton. The data were taken with the High Resolution ...

Baringer, Philip S.

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

E-Print Network 3.0 - absorption cross-section library Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

library Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: absorption cross-section library Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 A. E. K.Ris Ris-M-LiiE. Title...

183

Diboson Cross Sections at sqrt(s) = 1.96 TeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A brief survey of the results on diboson production at the Tevatron is presented. Measured cross sections for $W\\gamma$, $Z\\gamma$, $WW$, and limits on WZ/ZZ are summarized.

A. W. Askew

2005-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

184

Coupled differential and integral data analysis for improved uncertainty quantification of the ?,??Cu cross section evaluations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new methodology has been developed that couples differential cross section data evaluation with integral benchmark analysis for improved uncertainty quantification. The new methodology was applied to the two new copper ...

Sobes, Vladimir

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Fermion Absorption Cross Section and Topology of Spherically Symmetric Black Holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 1997, Liberati and Pollifrone in Phys. Rev. D56 (1997) 6458 (hep-th/9708014) achieved a new formulation of the Bekenstein-Hawking formula, where the entropy and the Euler characteristic are related by $S=\\chi A/8$. In this work we present a relation between the low-energy absorption cross section for minimally coupled fermions and the Euler characteristic of (3+1)-dimensional spherically symmetric black holes, i.e. $\\sigma =\\chi g_h^{-1}A$. Based on the relation, using the Gauss--Bonnet--Chern theorem and the $\\phi$-mapping method, an absorption cross section density is introduced to describe the topology of the absorption cross section. It is shown that the absorption cross section and its density are determined by the singularities of the timelike Killing vector field of the spacetime and these singularities carry the topological numbers, Hopf indices and Brouwer degrees, naturally.

Yu-Xiao Liu; Li Zhao; Zhen-Bin Cao; Yi-Shi Duan

2007-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

186

On the temperature dependence of the absorption cross section for charged black holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the the low frequency absorption cross section of minimally coupled massless scalar fields by different kinds of charged static black holes, namely the d-dimensional Reissner-Nordstrom solution, the D1-D5 system in d=5 and a four dimensional dyonic four-charged black hole. In each case we show that this cross section is inversely proportional to the black hole Hawking temperature. This inverse proportionality also arises in the same cross section for black holes with string $alpha' corrections, as we have shown in a previous work: string corrections induce such temperature dependence. In each case we also carefully analyze the extremal limit and show that the cross section is well defined in it.

Filipe Moura

2014-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

187

Quasi-elastic neutrino charged-current scattering cross sections on oxygen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The charged-current quasi-elastic scattering of muon neutrinos on oxygen target is computed for neutrino energies between 200 MeV and 2.5 GeV using the relativistic distorted-wave impulse approximation with relativistic optical potential, which was earlier successfully applied to describe electron-nucleus data. We study both neutrino and electron processes and show that the reduced exclusive cross sections for neutrino and electron scattering are similar. The comparison with the relativistic Fermi gas model (RFGM), which is widely used in data analyses of neutrino experiments, shows that the RFGM fails completely when applied to exclusive cross section data and leads to overestimated values of inclusive and total cross sections. We also found significant nuclear-model dependence of exclusive, inclusive and total cross sections for about 1 GeV energy.

A. V. Butkevich; S. A. Kulagin

2007-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

188

Calculations of (n,?) Cross Sections on Some Structural Fusion Materials for Fusion Reactor Technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The knowledge of cross section for emission of light charged particles (p, d, t, and ?) induced by fast neutrons on structural fusion materials has a critical importance on fusion reactors. The ga...

M. Yi?it; E. Tel; G. Tan?r

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

E-Print Network 3.0 - attenuation cross sections Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fig. 2 shows a schematic cross-sectional view of the monolithically integrated In... Resistor MIM capacitorSiNX BCB passivation n+ InP Fig. 2. Schematic ... Source: Yang,...

190

Does the nuclear heavy-ion cross section stay constant at ultra-relativistic energies?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We suggest that the nuclear contribution to the reaction cross section may increase with incident energy for heavy-ion collisions in the ultra-relativistic domain. We argue, using quasi-geometrical models, that this increase in the reaction cross section is directly related to the diffuseness of the nuclear surface. The available experimental data are at least not inconsistent with the existence of this effect.

T. Kodama; C.E. Aguiar; A.N.F. Aleixo; M.F. Barroso; R. Donangelo; S.J.B. Duarte; J.L. Neto

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Fourier analysis for generalized cylinders with polar models of cross-sections  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FOURIER ANALYSIS FOR GENERALIZED CYLINDERS WITH POLAR MODELS OF CROSS-SECTIONS A Thesis by WILLIAM CLARENCE FORSYTHE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1990 Major Subject: Computer Science FOURIER ANALYSIS FOR GENERALIZED CYLINDERS WITH POLAR MODELS OF CROSS-SECTIONS A Thesis by WILLIAM CLARENCE FORSYTHE Approved as to style and content by: Amitabha Mukerjee (Chair...

Forsythe, William Clarence

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

192

The 63Cu(?, p)66Zn cross section and the corresponding thermonuclear reaction rate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Differential cross sections and excitation functions for the reaction 63Cu(?, p)66Zn have been measured over the energy range E? = 610 MeV. Results of statistical model calculations are compared to the excitation functions for individual proton groups and are found to give good representations to within about a factor of two. The data and the calculated cross sections are used to determine the thermonuclear reaction rates for temperatures of astrophysical interest.

M.S. Islam; R.N. Boyd; P.B. Corn; D.P. Rath; X. Gu; G.W. Kolnicki

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Isospin effects on the 15N(?,2n) reaction cross section  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The cross section for the N15(?,2n) reaction has been studied from 20 to 28 MeV. The cross section remains near zero for 3 MeV above threshold, then rises sharply at about 24 MeV, to a maximum value of 1.7 mb. The shape is explained in terms of the density of T> states in N14 at the relevant excitation energy.

K. G. McNeill; A. D. Bates; R. P. Rassool; E. A. Milne; M. N. Thompson

1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Measurements of the Ultraviolet Fluorescence Cross Sections and Spectra of Bacillus Anthracis Simulants  

SciTech Connect

Measurements of the ultraviolet autofluorescence spectra and absolute cross sections of the Bacillus anthracis (Ba) simulants Bacillus globigii (Bg), Bacillus megaterium (Bm), Bacillus subtilis (Bs), and Bacillus cereus (Bc) were measured. Fluorescence spectra and cross sections of pine pollen (Pina echinata) were measured for comparison. Both dried vegetative cells and spores separated from the sporulated vegetative material were studied. The spectra were obtained by suspending a small number (<10) of particles in air in our Single Particle Spectroscopy Apparatus (SPSA), illuminating the particles with light from a spectrally filtered arc lamp, and measuring the fluorescence spectra of the particles. The illumination was 280 nm (20 nm FWHM) and the fluorescence spectra was measured between 300 and 450 nm. The fluorescence cross section of vegetative Bg peaks at 320 nm with a maximum cross section of 5 X 10{sup -14} cm{sup 2}/sr-nm-particle while the Bg spore fluorescence peaks at 310 nm with peak fluorescence of 8 X 10{sup -15} cm{sup 2}/sr-nm-particle. Pine pollen particles showed a higher fluorescence peaking at 355 nm with a cross section of 1.7 X 10{sup -13} cm{sup 2}/sr-nm-particle. Integrated cross sections ranged from 3.0 X 10{sup -13} for the Bg spores through 2.25 X 10{sup -12} (cm{sup 2}/sr-particle) for the vegetative cells.

Stephens, J.R.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Measurement of cross sections and leptonic forward-backward asymmetries at the Z pole and determination of electroweak parameters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measurement of cross sections and leptonic forward-backward asymmetries at the Z pole and determination of electroweak parameters

Acciarri, M; Adriani, O; Aguilar-Bentez, M; Ahlen, S P; Alcaraz, J; Aloisio, A; Alverson, G; Alviggi, M G; Ambrosi, G; An, Q; Anderhub, H; Anderson, A L; Andreev, V P; Angelescu, T; Antonov, L; Antreasyan, D; Alkhazov, G; Arce, P; Arefev, A; Azemoon, T; Aziz, T; Baba, P V K S; Bagnaia, P; Bakken, J A; Baksay, L; Ball, R C; Banerjee, S; Banicz, K; Bao, J; Barillre, R; Barone, L; Baschirotto, A; Battiston, R; Bay, A; Becattini, F; Becker, U; Behner, F; Bencze, G L; Berdugo, J; Berges, P; Bertucci, B; Betev, B L; Biasini, M; Biland, A; Bilei, G M; Bizzarri, R; Blaising, J J; Bobbink, Gerjan J; Bck, R K; Bhm, A; Borgia, B; Bourilkov, D; Bourquin, Maurice; Boutigny, D; Bouwens, B T; Brambilla, Elena; Branson, J G; Brigljevic, V; Brock, I C; Brooks, M; Bujak, A T; Burger, J D; Burger, W J; Burgos, C; Busenitz, J K; Buytenhuijs, A O; Bykov, A; Cai, X D; Capell, M; Caria, M; Carlino, G; Cartacci, A M; Casaus, J; Castello, R; Cavallo, N; Cerrada-Canales, M; Cesaroni, F; Chamizo-Llatas, M; Chang, Y H; Chaturvedi, U K; Chemarin, M; Chen, A; Chen, C; Chen, G; Chen, G M; Chen, H F; Chen, H S; Chen, M; Chiefari, G; Chien, C Y; Choi, M T; Chung, S; Civinini, C; Clare, I; Clare, R; Coan, T E; Cohn, H O; Coignet, G; Colino, N; Contin, A; Costantini, S; Cotorobai, F; de la Cruz, B; Cui, X T; Cui, X Y; Dai, T S; D'Alessandro, R; De Asmundis, R; Degr, A; Deiters, K; Dnes, E; Denes, P; De Notaristefani, F; DiBitonto, Daryl; Diemoz, M; Dimitrov, H R; Dionisi, C; Dittmar, Michael; Djambazov, L; Dova, M T; Drago, E; Duchesneau, D; Duinker, P; Durn, I; Easo, S; El-Mamouni, H; Engler, A; Eppling, F J; Ern, F C; Extermann, Pierre; Fabbretti, R; Fabre, M; Falciano, S; Fan, S J; Favara, A; Fay, J; Felcini, Marta; Ferguson, T; Fernndez, D; Fernndez, G; Ferroni, F; Fesefeldt, H S; Fiandrini, E; Field, J H; Filthaut, Frank; Fisher, P H; Forconi, G; Fredj, L; Freudenreich, Klaus; Friebel, W; Fukushima, M; Gailloud, M; Galaktionov, Yu; Gallo, E; Ganguli, S N; Garca-Abia, P; Gentile, S; Gheordanescu, N; Giagu, S; Goldfarb, S; Gong, Z F; Gonzlez, E; Gougas, Andreas; Goujon, D; Gratta, Giorgio; Grnewald, M W; Gu, C; Guanziroli, M; Guo, J K; Gupta, V K; Gurtu, A; Gustafson, H R; Gutay, L J; Hangarter, K; Hasan, A; Hauschildt, D; He, C F; He, J T; Hebbeker, T; Hebert, M; Herv, A; Hilgers, K; Hofer, H; Hoorani, H; Hou, S R; Hu, G; Hu, G Q; Ille, B; Ilyas, M M; Innocente, Vincenzo; Janssen, H; Jin, B N; Jones, L W; Josa-Mutuberria, I; Kasser, A; Khan, R A; Kamyshkov, Yu A; Kapinos, P; Kapustinsky, J S; Karyotakis, Yu; Kaur, M; Khokhar, S; Kienzle-Focacci, M N; Kim, J K; Kim, S C; Kim, Y G; Kinnison, W W; Kirkby, A; Kirkby, D; Kirsch, S; Kittel, E W; Klimentov, A; Knig, A C; Koffeman, E; Kornadt, O; Koutsenko, V F; Koulbardis, A; Krmer, R W; Kramer, T; Krastev, V R; Krenz, W; Kuijten, H; Kumar, K S; Kunin, A; Ladrn de Guevara, P; Landi, G; Lanske, D; Lanzano, S; Lebedev, A; Lebrun, P; Lecomte, P; Lecoq, P; Le Coultre, P; Lee, D M; Lee Jae Sik; Lee, K Y; Leedom, I D; Leggett, C; Le Goff, J M; Leiste, R; Lenti, M; Leonardi, E; Levchenko, P M; Li Chuan; Li, H T; Li, P J; Liao, J Y; Lin, W T; Lin, Z Y; Linde, Frank L; Lindemann, B; Lista, L; Liu, Y; Lohmann, W; Longo, E; Lu, W; L, Y S; Lubbers, J M; Lbelsmeyer, K; Luci, C; Luckey, D; Ludovici, L; Luminari, L; Lustermann, W; Ma, J M; Ma Wen Gan; MacDermott, M; Malgeri, L; Malik, R; Malinin, A; Maa, C; Maolinbay, M; Marchesini, P A; Marion, F; Marin, A; Martin, J P; Marzano, F; Massaro, G G G; Mazumdar, K; McBride, P; McMahon, T; McNally, D; Merk, M; Merola, L; Meschini, M; Metzger, W J; Mi, Y; Mihul, A; Mills, G B; Mir, Y; Mirabelli, G; Mnich, J; Mller, M; Monteleoni, B; Morand, R; Morganti, S; Moulai, N E; Mount, R; Mller, S; Nagy, E; Napolitano, M; Nessi-Tedaldi, F; Newman, H; Niaz, M A; Nippe, A; Nowak, H; Organtini, G; Pandoulas, D; Paoletti, S; Paolucci, P; Pascale, G; Passaleva, G; Patricelli, S; Paul, T; Pauluzzi, M; Paus, C; Pauss, Felicitas; Pei, Y J; Pensotti, S; Perret-Gallix, D; Perrier, J; Pevsner, A; Piccolo, D; Pieri, M; Pinto, J C; Pirou, P A; Plasil, F; Plyaskin, V; Pohl, M; Pozhidaev, V; Postema, H; Qi, Z D; Qian, J M; Qureshi, K N; Raghavan, R; Rahal-Callot, G; Rancoita, P G; Rattaggi, M; Raven, G; Razis, P A; Read, K; Redaelli, M; Ren, D; Ren, Z; Rescigno, M; Reucroft, S; Ricker, A; Riemann, S; Riemers, W; Riles, K; Rind, O; Rizvi, H A; Ro, S; Robohm, A; Rodrguez-Calonge, F J; Roe, B P; Rhner, M; Rhner, S; Romero, L; Rosier-Lees, S; Rosmalen, R; Rosselet, P; Van Rossum, W; Roth, S; Rubbia, Andr; Rubio, Juan Antonio; Rykaczewski, H; Sachwitz, M; Salicio, J; Salicio, J M; Snchez, E; Sanders, G S; Santocchia, A; Sarakinos, M E; Sartorelli, G; Sassowsky, M; Sauvage, G; Schfer, C; Shchegelskii, V; Schmitz, D; Schmitz, P; Schneegans, M; Scholz, N; Schopper, Herwig Franz; Schotanus, D J; Shotkin, S

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Stratigraphic cross section (H) of the Upper Devonian Perrysburg and Java Formations and their equivalents, Northwestern Pennsylvania  

SciTech Connect

The cross section maps cover eight locations in Erie, Crawford, Venango, and Clarion counties in Pennsylvania. (DLC)

Harper, J.A.; Abel, K.D.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Fusion of Li and C and a search for entrance channel limitations to fusion cross sections  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Excitation functions have been measured for reaction products from the Li6 and Li7 induced reactions Li6+C12, Li6+C13, Li7+C12, and Li7+C13. These data cover the energy range from Elab=9to36 MeV. It was found that the maximum fusion cross sections for these reactions are 780 and 770 mb for the Li6+C12 and Li6+C13, respectively, and 960 and 930 mb for the Li7+C12 and Li7+C13, respectively. The relative uncertainties for these maximum fusion cross sections are about 5%. Comparisons between optical model calculations of the total reaction cross sections and the measured fusion cross sections indicate that total fusion cross sections are substantially smaller than the total reaction cross sections for all four reactions at all energies. For each of the four entrance channels, energy and angular distributions have been measured at four energies for individual mass groups between A=9and19 u. Most of these products appear to be evaporation residues. The critical angular momenta deduced from the experimental fusion cross sections are discussed in terms of entrance channel and compound nucleus limitation models for compound nucleus formation. The individual mass groups are discussed in terms of systematics for evaporation residues.NUCLEAR REACTIONS Li6+C12, ELi6=10to36 MeV; Li6+C13, ELi6=9.23to35.08 MeV; Li7+C12, ELi7=10to38 MeV; Li7+C13, ELi7=10to34 MeV, measured d2?d? dE for reaction products from A=9to19. Extracted ?fus.

L. C. Dennis; K. M. Abdo; A. D. Frawley; K. W. Kemper

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Measurement of the Total Cross Section for Symmetric Charge Exchange in Helium from 400-2000 eV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The energy dependence of the total cross section for symmetric charge exchange in helium is measured in the range from 400-2000 eV. Beam-attenuation techniques are used, and all measurements are made on the forward-scattered ions and the high-energy neutrals resulting from the charge exchange. Cross-section values are given at 100-eV intervals, and the results show a cross section decreasing as the energy increases, with a value at 1000 eV of 1.04 10-15 cm2. The absolute cross sections are accurate to 12%. Relative cross-section values accurate to 6% are reported.

Stephen W. Nagy, William J. Savola, Jr., and Edward Pollack

1969-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

199

Curium-245 and curium-247 neutron cross sections between 10 keV and 10 MeV  

SciTech Connect

The optical model code 2PLUS and the statistical model codes COMNUC and CASCADE were used to compute neutron cross sections for Cm-245 and Cm-247 between 10 keV and 10 MeV. Cross sections for elastic and inelastic scattering, radiative capture, fission, and the (n,2n) reactions were computed. The parameters for the fission model were selected to yield agreement with the cross sections from the Physics-8 bomb shot. Pu-239 cross sections were calculated and compared with existing cross section evaluations to demonstrate the validity of the calculational methods.

Clifford, L.R.; McCrosson, F.J.

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

L-shell x-ray cross sections for Cl-Ar and Ar-Ar collisions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measurements of total x-ray production cross sections for Ar+ -Ar and Cl+ -Ar collisions for incident energies between 200 keV and 1.5 MeV are reported. For Cl+ -Ar collisions, separate argon and chlorine x-ray production cross sections are extracted. The cross sections exhibit steep increases as bombarding energy is increased. Using existing measurements of Auger cross sections, values for the mean fluorescence yields as a function of bombarding energy are deduced. The increases in the x-ray production cross sections are shown to be due primarily to changes in the mean fluorescence yields. A qualitative explanation for the observations is proposed.

H. Oona, J. D. Garcia, and R. J. Fortner

1977-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical sonic cross-section" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Fusion cross sections for 6,7Li + 24Mg reactions at energies below and above the barrier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measurement of fusion cross sections for the 6,7Li + 24Mg reactions by the characteristic gamma-ray method has been done at energies from below to well above the respective Coulomb barriers. The fusion cross sections obtained from these gamma-ray cross sections for the two systems are found to agree well with the total reaction cross sections at low energies. The decrease of fusion cross sections with increase of energy is consistent with the fact that other channels, in particular breakup open up with increase of bombarding energy. This shows that there is neither inhibition nor enhancement of fusion cross sections for these systems at above or below the barrier. The critical angular momenta (lcr) deduced from the fusion cross sections are found to have an energy dependence similar to other Li - induced reactions.

M. Ray; A. Mukherjee; M. K. Pradhan; Ritesh Kshetri; M. Saha Sarkar; R. Palit; I. Majumdar; P. K. Joshi; H. C. Jain; B. Dasmahapatra

2008-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

202

Cross-section measurement of the $^{130}$Ba(p,$?$)$^{131}$La reaction for $?$-process nucleosynthesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A measurement of total cross-section values of the $^{130}$Ba(p,$\\gamma$)$^{131}$La reaction at low proton energies allows a stringent test of statistical model predictions with different proton+nucleus optical model potentials. Since no experimental data are available for proton-capture reactions in this mass region around A~$\\approx$~130, this measurement can be an important input to test the global applicability of proton+nucleus optical model potentials. The total reaction cross-section values were measured by means of the activation method. After the irradiation with protons, the reaction yield was determined by use of $\\gamma$-ray spectroscopy using two clover-type high-purity germanium detectors. In total, cross-section values for eight different proton energies could be determined in the energy range between 3.6 MeV $\\leq E_p \\leq$ 5.0 MeV, thus, inside the astrophysically relevant energy region. The measured cross-section values were compared to Hauser-Feshbach calculations using the statistical model codes TALYS and SMARAGD with different proton+nucleus optical model potentials. With the semi-microscopic JLM proton+nucleus optical model potential used in the SMARAGD code, the absolute cross-section values are reproduced well, but the energy dependence is too steep at the lowest energies. The best description is given by a TALYS calculation using the semi-microscopic Bauge proton+nucleus optical model potential using a constant renormalization factor.

L. Netterdon; A. Endres; G. G. Kiss; J. Mayer; T. Rauscher; P. Scholz; K. Sonnabend; Zs. Trk; A. Zilges

2014-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

203

Sonication standard laboratory module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A standard laboratory module for automatically producing a solution of cominants from a soil sample. A sonication tip agitates a solution containing the soil sample in a beaker while a stepper motor rotates the sample. An aspirator tube, connected to a vacuum, draws the upper layer of solution from the beaker through a filter and into another beaker. This beaker can thereafter be removed for analysis of the solution. The standard laboratory module encloses an embedded controller providing process control, status feedback information and maintenance procedures for the equipment and operations within the standard laboratory module.

Beugelsdijk, Tony (Los Alamos, NM); Hollen, Robert M. (Los Alamos, NM); Erkkila, Tracy H. (Los Alamos, NM); Bronisz, Lawrence E. (Los Alamos, NM); Roybal, Jeffrey E. (Santa Fe, NM); Clark, Michael Leon (Menan, ID)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Measurements of neutron capture cross section for {sup 207,208}Pb  

SciTech Connect

The neutron capture cross sections for {sup 207,208}Pb have been measured in the neutron energy region from 10 to 110 keV. The ?-rays cascaded from a capture state to the ground state or low-lying states of {sup 208,209}Pb were observed for the first time, using an anti-Compton Nal(Tl) spectrometer and a TOF method. The observed discrete ?-ray energy spectra enabled us to determine neutron capture cross sections for {sup 207,208}Pb with small systematic errors, since we could distinguish ?-ray of {sup 207,208}Pb(n,?) reactions from background ?-ray with use of the ?-ray spectra. The obtained cross sections include both contributions of resonance and direct capture components different from the previous TOF measurements.

Segawa, M.; Toh, Y.; Harada, H.; Kitatani, F.; Koizumi, M.; Fukahori, T.; Iwamoto, N.; Iwamoto, O. [Nuclear Science and Engineering Directorate, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1195 (Japan); Oshima, M. [Nuclear Science and Engineering Directorate, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1195, Japan and Japan Chemical Analysis Center (Japan); Hatsukawa, Y. [Quantum Beam Science Directorate, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1195 (Japan); Nagai, Y. [Research Center for Nuclear Physics, Osaka University, Ibaraki, Osaka 567-0047 (Japan); Igashira, M. [Research Laboratory for Nuclear Reactors, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8550 (Japan); Kamada, S. [Research Laboratory for Nuclear Reactors, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8550, Japan and National Maritime Research Institute (Japan); Tajika, M. [Research Laboratory for Nuclear Reactors, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8550, Japan and Hitachi Solutions, Ltd. (Japan)

2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

205

First Measurement of the Muon Neutrino Charged Current Quasielastic Double Differential Cross Section  

SciTech Connect

A high-statistics sample of charged-current muon neutrino scattering events collected with the MiniBooNE experiment is analyzed to extract the first measurement of the double differential cross section (d{sup 2}{sigma}/dT{sub {mu}}d cos {theta}{sub {mu}}) for charged-current quasielastic (CCQE) scattering on carbon. This result features minimal model dependence and provides the most complete information on this process to date. With the assumption of CCQE scattering, the absolute cross section as a function of neutrino energy ({sigma}[E{sub {nu}}]) and the single differential cross section (d{sigma}/dQ{sup 2}) are extracted to facilitate comparison with previous measurements. These quantities may be used to characterize an effective axial-vector form factor of the nucleon and to improve the modeling of low-energy neutrino interactions on nuclear targets. The results are relevant for experiments searching for neutrino oscillations.

Aguilar-Arevalo, A.A.; /Mexico U., CEN; Anderson, C.E.; /Yale U.; Bazarko, A.O.; /Princeton U.; Brice, S.J.; /Fermilab; Brown, B.C.; /Fermilab; Bugel, L.; /Columbia U.; Cao, J.; /Michigan U.; Coney, L.; /Columbia U.; Conrad, J.M.; /MIT; Cox, D.C.; /Indiana U.; Curioni, A.; /Yale U. /Columbia U.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Asymptotic High Energy Total Cross Sections and Theories with Extra Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The rate at which cross sections grow with energy is sensitive to the presence of extra dimensions in a rather model-independent fashion. We examine how rates would be expected to grow if there are more spatial dimensions than 3 which appear at some energy scale, making connections with black hole physics and string theory. We also review what is known about the corresponding generalization of the Froissart-Martin bound and the experimental status of high energy hadronic cross sections which appear to saturate it up to the experimentally accessible limit of 100 TeV. We discuss how extra dimensions can be searched for in high energy cross section data and find no room for large extra dimensions in present data. Any apparent signatures of extra dimensions at the LHC may have to be interpreted as due to some other form of new physics.

J. Swain; A. Widom; Y. Srivastava

2014-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

207

Cross Sections for Leptophobic Topcolor Z' decaying to top-antitop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present numerical calculations of the production cross section of a heavy Z' resonance in hadron-hadron collisions with subsequent decay into top-antitop pairs. In particular, we consider the leptophobic topcolor Z' discussed under Model IV of hep-ph/9911288 which has predicted cross sections large enough to be experimentally accessible at the Fermilab Tevatron and the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. This article presents an updated calculation valid for the Tevatron and all proposed LHC collision energies. Cross sections are presented for various Z' widths, in p-pbar collisions at \\sqrt{s}=2 TeV, and in p-p collisions at \\sqrt{s}=7, 8, 10 and 14 TeV.

Robert M. Harris; Supriya Jain

2011-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

208

Cross sections for electron scattering by propane in the low- and intermediate-energy ranges  

SciTech Connect

We present a joint theoretical-experimental study on electron scattering by propane (C{sub 3}H{sub 8}) in the low- and intermediate-energy ranges. Calculated elastic differential, integral, and momentum transfer as well as total (elastic + inelastic) and total absorption cross sections are reported for impact energies ranging from 2 to 500 eV. Also, experimental absolute elastic cross sections are reported in the 40- to 500-eV energy range. A complex optical potential is used to represent the electron-molecule interaction dynamics. A theoretical method based on the single-center-expansion close-coupling framework and corrected by the Pade approximant is used to solve the scattering equations. The experimental angular distributions of the scattered electrons are converted to absolute cross sections using the relative flow technique. The comparison of our calculated with our measured results, as well as with other experimental and theoretical data available in the literature, is encouraging.

Souza, G. L. C. de; Lee, M.-T.; Sanches, I. P.; Rawat, P.; Iga, I.; Santos, A. S. dos; Machado, L. E.; Sugohara, R. T.; Brescansin, L. M.; Homem, M. G. P.; Lucchese, R. R. [Departamento de Quimica, UFSCar, 13565-905 Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil); Departamento de Fisica, UFSCar, 13565-905 Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil); Instituto de Fisica 'Gleb Wataghin', UNICAMP, 13083-970 Campinas, SP (Brazil); Departamento de Fisica, UFSC, 88010-970 Florianopolis, SC (Brazil); Department of Chemistry, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 7784-3255 (United States)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

209

Low-energy positron scattering from methanol and ethanol: Total cross sections  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report total cross sections for positron scattering from two primary alcohols, methanol (CH3OH) and ethanol (C2H5OH). The energy range of the present study is 0.140eV. The ethanol measurement appears to be original while for methanol we compare our data to the only previous result from Kimura and colleagues [Adv. Chem. Phys. 111, 537 (2000)], with a significant discrepancy between them being found at the lower energies. Positronium formation threshold energies for both species, deduced from the present respective total cross section data sets, are found to be consistent with those expected on the basis of their known ionization energies. There are currently no theoretical results against which we can compare our total cross sections.

Antonio Zecca, Luca Chiari, A. Sarkar, Kate L. Nixon, and Michael J. Brunger

2008-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

210

Measurements of the W production cross sections in association with jets with the ATLAS detector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents cross sections for the production of a W boson in association with jets, measured in proton--proton collisions at $\\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV with the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider. With an integrated luminosity of $4.6 fb^{-1}$, this data set allows for an exploration of a large kinematic range, including jet production up to a transverse momentum of 1 TeV and multiplicities up to seven associated jets. The production cross sections for W bosons are measured in both the electron and muon decay channels. Differential cross sections for many observables are also presented including measurements of the jet observables such as the rapidities and the transverse momenta as well as measurements of event observables such as the scalar sums of the transverse momenta of the jets. The measurements are compared to numerous QCD predictions including next-to-leading-order perturbative calculations, resummation calculations and Monte Carlo generators.

ATLAS Collaboration

2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

211

Solar fusion cross sections II: the pp chain and CNO cycles  

SciTech Connect

The available data on nuclear fusion cross sections important to energy generation in the Sun and other hydrogen-burning stars and to solar neutrino production are summarized and critically evaluated. Recommended values and uncertainties are provided for key cross sections, and a recommended spectrum is given for 8B solar neutrinos. Opportunities for further increasing the precision of key rates are also discussed, including new facilities, new experimental techniques, and improvements in theory. This review, which summarizes the conclusions of a workshop held at the Institute for Nuclear Theory, Seattle, in January 2009, is intended as a 10-year update and supplement to 1998, Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1265.

Adelberger, E G; Bemmerer, D; Bertulani, C A; Chen, J -W; Costantini, H; Couder, M; Cyburt, R; Davids, B; Freedman, S J; Gai, M; Garcia, A; Gazit, D; Gialanella, L; Greife, U; Hass, M; Heeger, K; Haxton, W C; Imbriani, G; Itahashi, T; Junghans, A; Kubodera, K; Langanke, K; Leitner, D; Leitner, M; Marcucci, L E; Motobayashi, T; Mukhamedzhanov, A; Nollett, Kenneth M; Nunes, F M; Park, T -S; Parker, P D; Prati, P; Ramsey-Musolf, M J; Hamish Robertson, R G; Schiavilla, R; Simpson, E C; Snover, K A; Spitaleri, C; Strieder, F; Suemmerer, K; Trautvetter, R E; Tribble, R E; Typel, S; Uberseder, E; Vetter, P; Wiescher, M

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Measurement of electron-impact-excitation cross sections and oscillator strengths for Kr  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Differential excitation cross sections have been measured for Kr 4p6(1S0)?4p5(2P1/2,3/2)5s transitions at 300- and 500-eV impact energies and for 1.510 scattering angles by electron-energy-loss spectroscopy. The integrated cross sections for these impact energies are reported here. The generalized oscillator strengths have also been obtained to determine the optical oscillator strengths. The errors are estimated to be less than 15%.

T. Takayanagi; G. P. Li; K. Wakiya; H. Suzuki; T. Ajiro; T. Inaba; S. S. Kano; H. Takuma

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Nuclear Matter Incompressibility Effect on the Cross Section of Fusion Reactions with a weakly bound projectile  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fusion reactions with a weakly bound projectile are studied using the double-folding model along with a repulsive interaction modifying term. Using this modified potential, including nuclear matter incompressibility effects, the fusion reaction cross sections and suppression parameters are calculated for 9Be +209Bi,208Pb,29Si and 27Al reactions. The results show that applying these effects at energies near the Coulomb barrier improves the agreement between the calculated and experimental cross sections, and modifies the mean values of the suppression parameter.

Seyyedi, S A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Measurement of the ZZ production cross section using the full CDF II data set  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a measurement of the ZZ-boson pair-production cross section in 1.96TeV center-of-mass energy pp collisions. We reconstruct final states incorporating four charged leptons or two charged leptons and two neutrinos from the full data set collected by the Collider Detector experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron, corresponding to 9.7??fb?1 of integrated luminosity. Combining the results obtained from each final state, we measure a cross section of 1.04?0.25+0.32??pb, in good agreement with the standard model prediction at next-to-leading order in the strong-interaction coupling.

T. Aaltonen et al. (CDF Collaboration)

2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

215

Measurement of the ZZ production cross section using the full CDF II data set  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a measurement of the ZZ boson-pair production cross section in 1.96 TeV center-of-mass energy ppbar collisions. We reconstruct final states incorporating four charged leptons or two charged leptons and two neutrinos from the full data set collected by the Collider Detector experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron, corresponding to 9.7 fb-1 of integrated luminosity. Combining the results obtained from each final state, we measure a cross section of 1.04(+0.32)(-0.25) pb, in good agreement with the standard model prediction at next-to-leading order in the strong-interaction coupling.

CDF Collaboration; T. Aaltonen; S. Amerio; D. Amidei; A. Anastassov; A. Annovi; J. Antos; G. Apollinari; J. A. Appel; T. Arisawa; A. Artikov; J. Asaadi; W. Ashmanskas; B. Auerbach; A. Aurisano; F. Azfar; W. Badgett; T. Bae; A. Barbaro-Galtieri; V. E. Barnes; B. A. Barnett; P. Barria; P. Bartos; M. Bauce; F. Bedeschi; S. Behari; G. Bellettini; J. Bellinger; D. Benjamin; A. Beretvas; A. Bhatti; K. R. Bland; B. Blumenfeld; A. Bocci; A. Bodek; D. Bortoletto; J. Boudreau; A. Boveia; L. Brigliadori; C. Bromberg; E. Brucken; J. Budagov; H. S. Budd; K. Burkett; G. Busetto; P. Bussey; P. Butti; A. Buzatu; A. Calamba; S. Camarda; M. Campanelli; F. Canelli; B. Carls; D. Carlsmith; R. Carosi; S. Carrillo; B. Casal; M. Casarsa; A. Castro; P. Catastini; D. Cauz; V. Cavaliere; M. Cavalli-Sforza; A. Cerri; L. Cerrito; Y. C. Chen; M. Chertok; G. Chiarelli; G. Chlachidze; K. Cho; D. Chokheli; A. Clark; C. Clarke; M. E. Convery; J. Conway; M. Corbo; M. Cordelli; C. A. Cox; D. J. Cox; M. Cremonesi; D. Cruz; J. Cuevas; R. Culbertson; N. d'Ascenzo; M. Datta; P. de Barbaro; L. Demortier; L. Marchese; M. Deninno; F. Devoto; M. D'Errico; A. Di Canto; B. Di Ruzza; J. R. Dittmann; M. D'Onofrio; S. Donati; M. Dorigo; A. Driutti; K. Ebina; R. Edgar; A. Elagin; R. Erbacher; S. Errede; B. Esham; S. Farrington; J. P. Fernndez Ramos; R. Field; G. Flanagan; R. Forrest; M. Franklin; J. C. Freeman; H. Frisch; Y. Funakoshi; C. Galloni; A. F. Garfinkel; P. Garosi; H. Gerberich; E. Gerchtein; S. Giagu; V. Giakoumopoulou; K. Gibson; C. M. Ginsburg; N. Giokaris; P. Giromini; G. Giurgiu; V. Glagolev; D. Glenzinski; M. Gold; D. Goldin; A. Golossanov; G. Gomez; G. Gomez-Ceballos; M. Goncharov; O. Gonzlez Lpez; I. Gorelov; A. T. Goshaw; K. Goulianos; E. Gramellini; S. Grinstein; C. Grosso-Pilcher; R. C. Group; J. Guimaraes da Costa; S. R. Hahn; J. Y. Han; F. Happacher; K. Hara; M. Hare; R. F. Harr; T. Harrington-Taber; K. Hatakeyama; C. Hays; J. Heinrich; M. Herndon; A. Hocker; Z. Hong; W. Hopkins; S. Hou; R. E. Hughes; U. Husemann; M. Hussein; J. Huston; G. Introzzi; M. Iori; A. Ivanov; E. James; D. Jang; B. Jayatilaka; E. J. Jeon; S. Jindariani; M. Jones; K. K. Joo; S. Y. Jun; T. R. Junk; M. Kambeitz; T. Kamon; P. E. Karchin; A. Kasmi; Y. Kato; W. Ketchum; J. Keung; B. Kilminster; D. H. Kim; H. S. Kim; J. E. Kim; M. J. Kim; S. B. Kim; S. H. Kim; Y. K. Kim; Y. J. Kim; N. Kimura; M. Kirby; K. Knoepfel; K. Kondo; D. J. Kong; J. Konigsberg; A. V. Kotwal; M. Kreps; J. Kroll; M. Kruse; T. Kuhr; M. Kurata; A. T. Laasanen; S. Lammel; M. Lancaster; K. Lannon; G. Latino; H. S. Lee; J. S. Lee; S. Leo; S. Leone; J. D. Lewis; A. Limosani; E. Lipeles; A. Lister; H. Liu; Q. Liu; T. Liu; S. Lockwitz; A. Loginov; A. Luc; D. Lucchesi; J. Lueck; P. Lujan; P. Lukens; G. Lungu; J. Lys; R. Lysak; R. Madrak; P. Maestro; S. Malik; G. Manca; A. Manousakis-Katsikakis; F. Margaroli; P. Marino; M. Martnez; K. Matera; M. E. Mattson; A. Mazzacane; P. Mazzanti; R. McNulty; A. Mehta; P. Mehtala; C. Mesropian; T. Miao; D. Mietlicki; A. Mitra; H. Miyake; S. Moed; N. Moggi; C. S. Moon; R. Moore; M. J. Morello; A. Mukherjee; Th. Muller; P. Murat; M. Mussini; J. Nachtman; Y. Nagai; J. Naganoma; I. Nakano; A. Napier; J. Nett; C. Neu; T. Nigmanov; L. Nodulman; S. Y. Noh; O. Norniella; L. Oakes; S. H. Oh; Y. D. Oh; I. Oksuzian; T. Okusawa; R. Orava; L. Ortolan; C. Pagliarone; E. Palencia; P. Palni; V. Papadimitriou; W. Parker; G. Pauletta; M. Paulini; C. Paus; T. J. Phillips; G. Piacentino; E. Pianori; J. Pilot; K. Pitts; C. Plager; L. Pondrom; S. Poprocki; K. Potamianos; F. Prokoshin; A. Pranko; F. Ptohos; G. Punzi; N. Ranjan; I. Redondo Fernndez; P. Renton; M. Rescigno; F. Rimondi; L. Ristori; A. Robson; T. Rodriguez; S. Rolli; M. Ronzani; R. Roser; J. L. Rosner; F. Ruffini; A. Ruiz; J. Russ; V. Rusu; W. K. Sakumoto; Y. Sakurai; L. Santi; K. Sato; V. Saveliev; A. Savoy-Navarro; P. Schlabach; E. E. Schmidt; T. Schwarz; L. Scodellaro; F. Scuri; S. Seidel; Y. Seiya; A. Semenov; F. Sforza; S. Z. Shalhout; T. Shears; P. F. Shepard; M. Shimojima; M. Shochet; I. Shreyber-Tecker; A. Simonenko; K. Sliwa; J. R. Smith; F. D. Snider; V. Sorin; H. Song; M. Stancari; R. St. Denis; D. Stentz; J. Strologas; Y. Sudo; A. Sukhanov; I. Suslov; K. Takemasa; Y. Takeuchi; J. Tang; M. Tecchio; P. K. Teng; J. Thom; E. Thomson; V. Thukral; D. Toback; S. Tokar; K. Tollefson; T. Tomura; D. Tonelli; S. Torre; D. Torretta; P. Totaro; M. Trovato; F. Ukegawa; S. Uozumi; F. Vzquez; G. Velev; C. Vellidis; C. Vernieri; M. Vidal; R. Vilar; J. Vizn; M. Vogel; G. Volpi; P. Wagner; R. Wallny; S. M. Wang; D. Waters; W. C. Wester III; D. Whiteson; A. B. Wicklund; S. Wilbur; H. H. Williams; J. S. Wilson; P. Wilson; B. L. Winer; P. Wittich; S. Wolbers; H. Wolfe; T. Wright; X. Wu; Z. Wu; K. Yamamoto; D. Yamato; T. Yang; U. K. Yang; Y. C. Yang; W. -M. Yao; G. P. Yeh; K. Yi; J. Yoh; K. Yorita; T. Yoshida; G. B. Yu

2014-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

216

Measurement of the tt cross section using high-multiplicity jet events  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a measurement of the tt cross section using high-multiplicity jet events produced in pp collisions at s=1.96??TeV. These data were recorded at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider with the D0 detector. Events with at least six jets, two of them identified as b jets, were selected from a 1??fb-1 data set. The measured cross section, assuming a top quark mass of 175??GeV/c2, is 6.92.0??pb, in agreement with theoretical expectations.

V. M. Abazov et al. (D0 Collaboration)

2010-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

217

tt production cross section in pp collisions at s=1.8 TeV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Results are presented on a measurement of the tt pair production cross section in pp collisions at s=1.8 TeV from nine independent decay channels. The data were collected by the D experiment during the 19921996 run of the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. A total of 80 candidate events is observed with an expected background of 38.83.3 events. For a top quark mass of 172.1 GeV/c2, the measured cross section is 5.691.21(stat)1.04(syst) pb.

V. M. Abazov et al. ((D Collaboration))

2003-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

218

Differential Cross Sections for the Excitation of Single Rotational Quantum Transitions: HD + Ne  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Differential cross sections for the rotational excitation from j=0 to j=1 of HD molecules in collisions with Ne atoms have been measured in a crossed molecular beam experiment. The inelasticity is obtained by time-of-flight analysis of the scattered particles using the pseudorandom chopper method. The measured cross sections of 0.31 to 0.45 2/sr at energies of about 30 meV and angles between 40 and 80 prove very sensitive to the angle-dependent part of the interaction potential as shown by a comparison with calculated data.

U. Buck; F. Huisken; J. Schleusener; H. Pauly

1977-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

219

Nuclear Matter Incompressibility Effect on the Cross Section of Fusion Reactions with a weakly bound projectile  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fusion reactions with a weakly bound projectile are studied using the double-folding model along with a repulsive interaction modifying term. Using this modified potential, including nuclear matter incompressibility effects, the fusion reaction cross sections and suppression parameters are calculated for 9Be +209Bi,208Pb,29Si and 27Al reactions. The results show that applying these effects at energies near the Coulomb barrier improves the agreement between the calculated and experimental cross sections, and modifies the mean values of the suppression parameter.

S. A. Seyyedi; H. Golnarkar

2015-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

220

Stopping Cross Sections of Some Hydrocarbon Gases for 40-200-keV Helium Ions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The stopping cross sections of air, CH4, C2H2, C2H4, C3H8, (CH2)3, and C3H6 have been measured for incident helium ions in the energy range 40 to 200 keV. The data are in good agreement with previous experiment work, and have standard deviations between 2 and 6%. They obey an energy dependence ?=?E12 in accord with the calculation of Lindhard and Scharff. It has been shown that while there is probably an effect due to chemical binding on the helium-ion stopping cross sections of hydrocarbons, this effect is small.

John T. Park

1965-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

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221

Geologic Map and Cross Sections of the McGinness Hills Geothermal Area - GIS Data  

SciTech Connect

Geologic map data in shapefile format that includes faults, unit contacts, unit polygons, attitudes of strata and faults, and surficial geothermal features. 5 cross?sections in Adobe Illustrator format. Comprehensive catalogue of drill?hole data in spreadsheet, shapefile, and Geosoft database formats. Includes XYZ locations of well heads, year drilled, type of well, operator, total depths, well path data (deviations), lithology logs, and temperature data. 3D model constructed with EarthVision using geologic map data, cross?sections, drill?hole data, and geophysics.

Faulds, James E.

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

222

In-medium nucleon-nucleon cross-sections with non-spherical Pauli blocking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a formalism to solve the Bethe-Goldstone scattering equation without the use of partial wave expansion which is alternative to the one we developed in a previous work. The present approach is more suitable for the calculation of in-medium nucleon-nucleon cross sections, which are the focal point of this paper. The impact of removing the spherical approximation on the angle and energy dependence of, particularly, in-medium proton-proton and proton-neutron differential cross sections is discussed along with its potential implication.

L. White; F. Sammarruca

2014-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

223

Geologic Map and Cross Sections of the McGinness Hills Geothermal Area - GIS Data  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Geologic map data in shapefile format that includes faults, unit contacts, unit polygons, attitudes of strata and faults, and surficial geothermal features. 5 cross?sections in Adobe Illustrator format. Comprehensive catalogue of drill?hole data in spreadsheet, shapefile, and Geosoft database formats. Includes XYZ locations of well heads, year drilled, type of well, operator, total depths, well path data (deviations), lithology logs, and temperature data. 3D model constructed with EarthVision using geologic map data, cross?sections, drill?hole data, and geophysics.

James E. Faulds

224

Measurement of the exclusive cross section C12(?e,e-)12N(g.s.)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The neutrino-induced nuclear transition C12(?e,e-)12N (g.s.) has been observed with a 15-ton fine-grained tracking detector. The exclusive final state is identified by both an electron track and the positron decay of the N12. From the observation of 18117 C12(?e,e-)12N (g.s.) events with subsequent positron decays the flux-averaged cross section, equivalent to the cross section for 35.0-MeV neutrinos, is [1.050.10(stat)0.10(syst)]10-41 cm2. This result is in good agreement with recent calculations.

R. C. Allen; H. H. Chen; P. J. Doe; R. Hausamann; W. P. Lee; X-Q. Lu; H. J. Mahler; M. E. Potter; K. C. Wang; T. J. Bowles; R. L. Burman; R. D. Carlini; D. R. F. Cochran; J. S. Frank; E. Piasetzky; V. D. Sandberg; D. A. Krakauer; R. L. Talaga

1990-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

225

First Observation and Cross-Section Measurement of ?e+e-??e+e-  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the first observation and cross-section measurement of ?e+e-??e+e-. Using neutrinos of energy less than 53 MeV, we observed 6317 events consistent with ?+e-??+e-, of which 5117 events are assigned to ?e+e-??e+e-. The resulting cross section, {[8.93.2(statistical) 1.5(systematic)]10-45 cm2/MeV} E?, agrees with standard electroweak theory, rules out constructive interference between weak charged-current and neutral-current interactions, and begins to indicate the existence of interference between these two interactions.

R. C. Allen; V. Bharadwaj; G. A. Brooks; H. H. Chen; P. J. Doe; R. Hausammann; W. P. Lee; H. J. Mahler; M. E. Potter; A. M. Rushton; K. C. Wang; T. J. Bowles; R. L. Burman; R. D. Carlini; D. R. F. Cochran; J. S. Frank; E. Piasetzky; V. D. Sandberg; D. A. Krakauer; R. L. Talaga

1985-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

226

Report on 241,242Am(n,x) surrogate cross section measurement  

SciTech Connect

The main goal of this measurement is to determine the {sup 242}Am(n,f) and {sup 241}Am(n,f) cross sections via the surrogate {sup 243}Am. Gamma-ray data was also collected for the purpose of measuring the (n,2n) cross-sections. The experiment was conducted using the STARS/LIBERACE experimental facility located at the 88 Inch Cyclotron at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory the first week of February 2011. A description of the experiment and status of the data analysis follow.

Burke, J T; Ressler, J J; Gostic, J; Henderson, R A; Bernstein, L A; Escher, J E; Bleuel, D; Kritcher, A; Matoon, C; Scielzo, N D; Stoyer, M A

2011-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

227

Neutron total cross section measurements of gold and tantalum at the nELBE photoneutron source  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neutron total cross sections of 197 Au and nat Ta have been measured at the nELBE photoneutron source in the energy range from 0.1 - 10 MeV with a statistical uncertainty of up to 2 % and a total systematic uncertainty of 1 %. This facility is optimized for the fast neutron energy range and combines an excellent t ime structure of the neutron pulses (electron bunch width 5 ps) with a short flight path of 7 m. Because of the low instantaneous neutron flux transmission measurements of neutron total cross sections are possible, that exhibit very different beam and back ground conditions than found at other neutron sources.

Hannaske, Roland; Beyer, Roland; Junghans, Arnd; Bemmerer, Daniel; Birgersson, Evert; Ferrari, Anna; Grosse, Eckart; Kempe, Mathias; Kgler, Toni; Marta, Michele; Massarczyk, Ralph; Matic, Andrija; Schramm, Georg; Schwengner, Ronald; Wagner, Andreas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Electron-Impact Ionization Cross Sections of Molecules Containing Heavy Elements (Z > 10)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For example, low-temperature plasmas are important in semiconductor processing, in the destruction of volatile organic compounds, for modifying the mechanical properties of surfaces, and in wall-chemistry in nuclear fusion reactors. ... 4 This file serves as input to another Perl script, which computes energy-dependent cross sections. ...

Gregory E. Scott; Karl K. Irikura

2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

229

Sequential breakup cross section of /sup 6/Li by /sup 40/Ca  

SciTech Connect

The differential cross section for the excitation of the unbound 3/sup +/ (2.18 MeV) state in /sup 6/Li was measured by scattering a 227 MeV /sup 40/Ca beam from a /sup 6/Li target. Additionally, the cross section for the 3/sup -/ (3.74 MeV) state in /sup 40/Ca was measured at the same center-of-mass energy by scattering a 34 MeV /sup 6/Li beam from /sup 40/Ca. The cross section for excitation of the 3/sup +/, 2.18 MeV state in /sup 6/Li is 3--5 times larger than that of the /sup 40/Ca 3/sup -/ state. The present data and previously measured elastic scattering data have been analyzed in the framework of both distorted-wave Born approximation and coupled channels calculations, using double folded real potentials, to determine the influence of the inelastic states on the elastic scattering cross section. We find that the elastic scattering is very sensitive to coupled channels effects arising from the 3/sup +/ state in /sup 6/Li.

Van Verst, S.P.; Sanderson, D.P.; Kemper, K.W.; Shapira, D.; Varner, R.L.; Shivakumar, B.

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Total elastic-scattering cross sections for metastable Ar on Kr  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Velocity-dependent total elastic-scattering cross sections are measured for metastable argon scattered from krypton in the velocity range 500 to 5000 m/sec. An interaction potential for the reaction is derived from the data by both a semiclassical analysis and a full quantum calculation. The results are compared with previous measurements.

H. Li; E. S. Gillman; J. W. Sheldon; K. A. Hardy

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Numerical simulation of detonation processes in a variable cross-section chamber  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Numerical simulation of detonation processes in a variable cross-section chamber H Y Fan and F K Lu for publication on 8 November 2007. DOI: 10.1243/09544100JAERO272 Abstract: The detonation processes occurring mechanism is used. Two detonation cases are simulated, corresponding to initiation from the closed, left end

Texas at Arlington, University of

232

New measurement of the scattering cross section of slow neutrons on liquid parahydrogen from neutron transmission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Slow neutron scattering provides quantitative information on the structure and dynamics of materials of interest in physics, chemistry, materials science, biology, geology, and other fields. Liquid hydrogen is a widely-used neutron moderator medium, and an accurate knowledge of its slow neutron cross section is essential for the design and optimization of intense slow neutron sources. In particular the rapid drop of the slow neutron scattering cross section of liquid parahydrogen below 14.5~meV is especially interesting and important. We have measured the total cross section and the scattering cross section for slow neutrons with energies between 0.43~meV and 16.1~meV on liquid hydrogen at 15.6~K using neutron transmission measurements on the hydrogen target of the NPDGamma collaboration at the Spallation Neutron Source at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. At 1~meV this measurement is a factor of 3 below the data from previous work which has been used in the design of liquid hydrogen moderators at slow neutron sources. We describe our measurements, compare them with previous work, and discuss the implications for designing more intense slow neutron sources.

K. B. Grammer; R. Alarcon; L. Barrn-Palos; D. Blyth; J. D. Bowman; J. Calarco; C. Crawford; K. Craycraft; D. Evans; N. Fomin; J. Fry; M. Gericke; R. C. Gillis; G. L. Greene; J. Hamblen; C. Hayes; S. Kucuker; R. Mahurin; M. Maldonado-Velzquez; E. Martin; M. McCrea; P. E. Mueller; M. Musgrave; H. Nann; S. I. Penttil; W. M. Snow; Z. Tang; W. S. Wilburn

2014-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

233

Charm cross-section and charmonium(like) states in e+e- annihilation with Belle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report BELLE measurements of the exclusive cross sections for the processes e+e-->DD*, e+e-->DD, e+e-->DDpi, the first observation of psi(4415)-> DD*2(2460)bar decay and new state, Y(4660), using ISR. In addition, another cluster of events at around 4.05GeV/c2 is reported.

T. Uglov

2009-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

234

Systematic determination of absolute absorption cross-section of individual carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Systematic determination of absolute absorption cross-section of individual carbon nanotubes Kaihui of optical contrast from individual carbon nanotubes has been successfully achieved with a polarization-sensitivity absorption spectros- copy for individual single-walled carbon nanotubes by combining the polarization

Wang, Feng

235

Extracting electric dipole breakup cross section of one-neutron halo nuclei from breakup observables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How to extract an electric dipole (E1) breakup cross section \\sigma(E1) from one- neutron removal cross sections measured by using 12C and 208Pb targets, \\sigma_(-1n)^C and \\sigma_(-1n)^Pb, respectively, is discussed. It is shown that within about 5% error, \\sigma(E1) can be obtained by subtracting \\Gamma \\sigma_(-1n)^C from \\sigma_(- 1n)^Pb, as assumed in preceding studies. However, for the reaction of weakly-bound projectiles, the scaling factor \\Gamma is found to be two times as large as that usually adopted. As a result, we obtain 13-20% smaller \\sigma(E1) of 31Ne at 250 MeV/nucleon than extracted in a previous analysis of experimental data. By compiling the values of \\Gamma obtained for several projectiles, \\Gamma=(2.30 +/- 0.41)\\exp(- S_n)+(2.43 +/- 0.21) is obtained, where S_n is the neutron separation energy. The target mass number dependence of the nuclear parts of the one-neutron removal cross section and the elastic breakup cross section is also investigated.

Kazuki Yoshida; Tokuro Fukui; Kosho Minomo; Kazuyuki Ogata

2014-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

236

Systematics of cross sections for target K-vacancy production in heavy ion collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-shell vacancy production by heavy ions. .......................................................................................... 9 2. Regions of validity for various approximation schemes as a function of the projectile-to-target nuclear charge ratio, Z1.... ........................................................................... 33 8. Photograph of the experimental setup for the measurement of x-ray production cross sections ......................................................................................... 34 9. Schematic view of the experimental setup...

Peng, Yong

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

237

Charm quark and D^* cross sections in deeply inelastic scattering at DESY HERA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A next-to-leading order Monte Carlo program for the calculation of heavy quark cross sections in deeply inelastic scattering is described. Concentrating on charm quark and D^*(2010) production at HERA, several distributions are presented and their variation with respect to charm quark mass, parton distribution set, and renormalization-factorization scale is studied.

B. W. Harris; J. Smith

1997-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

238

The pseudotemporal bootstrap for predicting glaucoma from cross-sectional visual field data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Progressive loss of the field of vision is characteristic of a number of eye diseases such as glaucoma, a leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world. Recently, there has been an explosion in the amount of data being stored on patients who suffer ... Keywords: bootstrapping, cross section, data analysis, glaucoma, time series

Allan Tucker; David Garway-Heath

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

MiniBooNE Charged Current Neutral Pion Cross Section Data Release  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Muon Neutrino Induced Charged Current Neutral Pion Cross Sections on Mineral Oil at Enu0.5-2.0 GeV" , arXiv:1010.3264 hep-ex The following MiniBooNE information for the 2010 CC...

240

-Betti numbers of locally compact groups and their cross section equivalence relations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

L2 -Betti numbers of locally compact groups and their cross section equivalence relations by David Mathematical Society. Abstract We prove that the L2 -Betti numbers of a unimodular locally compact group G coincide, up to a natural scaling constant, with the L2 -Betti numbers of the countable equivalence

Vaes, Stefaan

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241

Cross sections for electron capture by neutral and charged particles in collisions with He  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experimental and theoretical cross sections for electron capture by neutral and charged particles in collisions with He atoms are tabulated and displayed in graphical form as a function of the energy of the incident projectile and according to the projectile charge state and, to the extent possible, the final electronic state. Literature from 1955 to March 1986 has been covered.

W.K. Wu; B.A. Huber; K. Wiesemann

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Total cross section of neutron-proton scattering at low energies in quark-gluon model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that analysis of nonrelativistic neutron-proton scattering in a framework of relativistic QCD based quark model can give important information about QCD vacuum structure. In this model we describe total cross section of neutron-proton scattering at kinetic energies of projectile neutron from 1 eV up to 1 MeV.

V. A. Abramovsky; N. V. Radchenko

2011-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

243

Combined inclusive diffractive cross sections measured with forward proton spectrometers at HERA  

SciTech Connect

A combination is presented of the inclusive diffractive cross section measurements made by the H1 and ZEUS Collaborations at HERA. The analysis uses samples of diffractive deep inelastic scattering data where leading protons are detected by dedicated spectrometers. Correlations of systematic uncertainties are taken into account by the combination method, resulting in improved precision.

Ruspa, Marta [Univ. Piemonte Orientale, via Solaroli 17, 28100 Novara (Italy); Collaboration: H1 Collaboration; ZEUS Collaboration

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

244

Determining Pa234(n,f) cross sections using the surrogate method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fission decay probabilities of the Pa235 and U236 compound nuclei produced in a single experiment in Th232(Li7, ?f)Pa235 and Th232(Li7, tf)U236 transfer induced fission reaction channels, have been measured at Elab=39.5 MeV in the excitation energy range of 1420 MeV. The Pa234(n, f) cross sections are then deduced from the measured fission decay probability ratios of Pa235 and U236 compound systems in the equivalent neutron energy range of 814 MeV within the framework of the hybrid surrogate ratio method, considering the well-measured U235(n, f) cross sections as the reference. The experimental data on Pa234(n, f) cross sections have been compared with the calculated fission cross sections using empire-3.1 code with the fission barrier height values obtained from barrier formula (BF) as well as ripl-3 [24]. The present experimental results are found to be in very good agreement with the empire-3.1 predictions for the fission barrier heights predicted by the BF.

V. V. Desai; B. K. Nayak; A. Saxena; E. T. Mirgule

2014-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

245

Gallium solar neutrino experiments: Absorption cross sections, neutrino spectra, and predicted event rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solar neutrino sources with standard energy spectra, and for laboratory sources of 51 Cr and 37 Ar; the calculations include, where appropriate, the thermal energy of fusing solar ions and use improved nuclear the energy spectrum of solar neutrinos. Theoretical uncertainties are estimated for cross sections

Bahcall, John

246

Solid oxide fuel cell with transitioned cross-section for improved anode gas management at the open end  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A solid oxide fuel cell (400) is made having a tubular, elongated, hollow, active section (445) which has a cross-section containing an air electrode (452) a fuel electrode (454) and solid oxide electrolyte (456) between them, where the fuel cell transitions into at least one inactive section (460) with a flattened parallel sided cross-section (462, 468) each cross-section having channels (472, 474, 476) in them which smoothly communicate with each other at an interface section (458).

Zafred, Paolo R. (Murrysville, PA); Draper, Robert (Pittsburgh, PA)

2012-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

247

Validation of the WIMSD4M cross-section generation code with benchmark results  

SciTech Connect

The WIMSD4 code has been adopted for cross-section generation in support of the Reduced Enrichment Research and Test Reactor (RERTR) program at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). Subsequently, the code has undergone several updates, and significant improvements have been achieved. The capability of generating group-collapsed micro- or macroscopic cross sections from the ENDF/B-V library and the more recent evaluation, ENDF/B-VI, in the ISOTXS format makes the modified version of the WIMSD4 code, WIMSD4M, very attractive, not only for the RERTR program, but also for the reactor physics community. The intent of the present paper is to validate the WIMSD4M cross-section libraries for reactor modeling of fresh water moderated cores. The results of calculations performed with multigroup cross-section data generated with the WIMSD4M code will be compared against experimental results. These results correspond to calculations carried out with thermal reactor benchmarks of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) unreflected HEU critical spheres, the TRX LEU critical experiments, and calculations of a modified Los Alamos HEU D{sub 2}O moderated benchmark critical system. The benchmark calculations were performed with the discrete-ordinates transport code, TWODANT, using WIMSD4M cross-section data. Transport calculations using the XSDRNPM module of the SCALE code system are also included. In addition to transport calculations, diffusion calculations with the DIF3D code were also carried out, since the DIF3D code is used in the RERTR program for reactor analysis and design. For completeness, Monte Carlo results of calculations performed with the VIM and MCNP codes are also presented.

Deen, J.R.; Woodruff, W.L. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Leal, L.E. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Validation of the WIMSD4M cross-section generation code with benchmark results  

SciTech Connect

The WIMSD4 code has been adopted for cross-section generation in support of the Reduced Enrichment for Research and Test (RERTR) program at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). Subsequently, the code has undergone several updates, and significant improvements have been achieved. The capability of generating group-collapsed micro- or macroscopic cross sections from the ENDF/B-V library and the more recent evaluation, ENDF/B-VI, in the ISOTXS format makes the modified version of the WIMSD4 code, WIMSD4M, very attractive, not only for the RERTR program, but also for the reactor physics community. The intent of the present paper is to validate the procedure to generate cross-section libraries for reactor analyses and calculations utilizing the WIMSD4M code. To do so, the results of calculations performed with group cross-section data generated with the WIMSD4M code will be compared against experimental results. These results correspond to calculations carried out with thermal reactor benchmarks of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory(ORNL) unreflected critical spheres, the TRX critical experiments, and calculations of a modified Los Alamos highly-enriched heavy-water moderated benchmark critical system. The benchmark calculations were performed with the discrete-ordinates transport code, TWODANT, using WIMSD4M cross-section data. Transport calculations using the XSDRNPM module of the SCALE code system are also included. In addition to transport calculations, diffusion calculations with the DIF3D code were also carried out, since the DIF3D code is used in the RERTR program for reactor analysis and design. For completeness, Monte Carlo results of calculations performed with the VIM and MCNP codes are also presented.

Leal, L.C. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Deen, J.R.; Woodruff, W.L. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Measurement of the forward W boson cross-section in pp collisions at \\( \\sqrt{s}=7 \\) TeV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A measurement of the inclusive W ? ?? production cross-section using data from pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of s

R. Aaij; B. Adeva; M. Adinolfi; A. Affolder; Z. Ajaltouni

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Cross sections for neutron-deuteron elastic scattering in the energy range 135-250 MeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report new measurements of the neutron-deuteron elastic scattering cross section at energies from 135 to 250 MeV and center-of-mass angles from $80^\\circ$ to $130^\\circ$. Cross sections for neutron-proton elastic scattering were also measured with the same experimental setup for normalization purposes. Our $nd$ cross section results are compared with predictions based on Faddeev calculations including three-nucleon forces, and with cross sections measured with charged particle and neutron beams at comparable energies.

E. Ertan; T. Akdogan; M. B. Chtangeev; W. A. Franklin; P. A. M. Gram; M. A. Kovash; J. L. Matthews; M. Yuly

2012-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

251

Cost effectiveness of sonic drilling  

SciTech Connect

Sonic drilling (combination of mechanical vibrations and rotary power) is an innovative environmental technology being developed in cooperation with DOE`s Arid-Site Volatile Organic Compounds Integrated Demonstration at Hanford and the Mixed Waste Landfill Integrated Demonstration at Sandia. This report studies the cost effectiveness of sonic drilling compared with cable-tool and mud rotary drilling. Benefit of sonic drilling is its ability to drill in all types of formations without introducing a circulating medium, thus producing little secondary waste at hazardous sites. Progress has been made in addressing the early problems of failures and downtime.

Masten, D.; Booth, S.R.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

The systematic study of the influence of neutron excess on the fusion cross sections using different proximity-type potentials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using different types of proximity potentials, we have examined the trend of variations of barrier characteristics (barrier height and its position) as well as fusion cross sections for 50 isotopic systems including various collisions of C, O, Mg, Si, S, Ca, Ar, Ti and Ni nuclei with $1\\leq N/Z fusion cross sections also enhance linearly with increase of this ratio.

O. N. Ghodsi; R. Gharaei

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

253

Existence and Born-Oppenheimer Asymptotics of the Total Scattering Cross-Section in Ion-Atom Collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Existence and Born-Oppenheimer Asymptotics of the Total Scattering Cross-Section in Ion then extract the leading term of the scattering cross-section in the Born-Oppenheimer limit. I Introduction-atom collision and suggested to use Born-Oppenheimer approximation to study the problem. Recall that it is well

Wang, Xue Ping

254

Cross sections for neutron-deuteron elastic scattering in the energy range 135250 MeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report new measurements of the neutron-deuteron elastic scattering cross section at energies from 135 to 250 MeV and center-of-mass angles from 80[degrees] to 130[degrees]. Cross sections for neutron-proton elastic ...

Ertan, E.

255

Velocity-dependent total scattering cross sections for metastable helium on Kr and Xe  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Single-beam attenuation measurements of velocity-dependent total scattering cross sections for the interactions of metastable helium (He*) on Kr and Xe targets have been measured in the 1-5-km/s relative-velocity range. The results are compared with cross sections obtained by full quantum calculations for a Lennard-Jones (12-6) potential with the parameters ? and ? adjusted for a best fit. The results (in atomic units) are ?=3.3810-4 a.u., ?=7.80 a.u., for the He*+Kr system and ?=5.3410-4 a.u. and ?=7.79 a.u. for the He*+Xe system.

K. A. Hardy and J. W. Sheldon

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Recent validation experience with multigroup cross-section libraries and scale  

SciTech Connect

This paper will discuss the results obtained and lessons learned from an extensive validation of new ENDF/B-V and ENDF/B-VI multigroup cross-section libraries using analyses of critical experiments. The KENO V. a Monte Carlo code in version 4.3 of the SCALE computer code system was used to perform the critical benchmark calculations via the automated SCALE sequence CSAS25. The cross-section data were processed by the SCALE automated problem-dependent resonance-processing procedure included in this sequence. Prior to calling KENO V.a, CSAS25 accesses BONAMI to perform resonance self-shielding for nuclides with Bondarenko factors and NITAWL-II to process nuclides with resonance parameter data via the Nordheim Integral Treatment.

Bowman, S.M.; Wright, R.Q.; DeHart, M.D.; Parks, C.V.; Petrie, L.M.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Scaling study of the pion electroproduction cross sections and the pion form factor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The $^{1}$H($e,e^\\prime \\pi^+$)n cross section was measured for a range of four-momentum transfer up to $Q^2$=3.91 GeV$^2$ at values of the invariant mass, $W$, above the resonance region. The $Q^2$-dependence of the longitudinal component is consistent with the $Q^2$-scaling prediction for hard exclusive processes. This suggests that perturbative QCD concepts are applicable at rather low values of $Q^2$. Pion form factor results, while consistent with the $Q^2$-scaling prediction, are inconsistent in magnitude with perturbative QCD calculations. The extraction of Generalized Parton Distributions from hard exclusive processes assumes the dominance of the longitudinal term. However, transverse contributions to the cross section are still significant at $Q^2$=3.91 GeV$^2$.

T. Horn

2007-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

258

Neutron capture cross section of unstable 63Ni: implications for stellar nucleosynthesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The $^{63}$Ni($n, \\gamma$) cross section has been measured for the first time at the neutron time-of-flight facility n\\_TOF at CERN from thermal neutron energies up to 200 keV. In total, capture kernels of 12 (new) resonances were determined. Maxwellian Averaged Cross Sections were calculated for thermal energies from kT = 5 keV to 100 keV with uncertainties around 20%. Stellar model calculations for a 25 M$_\\odot$ star show that the new data have a significant effect on the $s$-process production of $^{63}$Cu, $^{64}$Ni, and $^{64}$Zn in massive stars, allowing stronger constraints on the Cu yields from explosive nucleosynthesis in the subsequent supernova.

C. Lederer; C. Massimi; S. Altstadt; J. Andrzejewski; L. Audouin; M. Barbagallo; V. Bcares; F. Bev; F. Belloni; E. Berthoumieux; J. Billowes; V. Boccone; D. Bosnar; M. Brugger; M. Calviani; F. Calvio; D. Cano-Ott; C. Carrapio; F. Cerutti; E. Chiaveri; M. Chin; N. Colonna; G. Corts; M. A. Corts-Giraldo; M. Diakaki; C. Domingo-Pardo; I. Duran; R. Dressler; N. Dzysiuk; C. Eleftheriadis; A. Ferrari; K. Fraval; S. Ganesan; A. R. Garca; G. Giubrone; M. B. Gmez-Hornillos; I. F. Gonalves; E. Gonzlez-Romero; E. Griesmayer; C. Guerrero; F. Gunsing; P. Gurusamy; D. G. Jenkins; E. Jericha; Y. Kadi; F. Kppeler; D. Karadimos; N. Kivel; P. Koehler; M. Kokkoris; G. Korschinek; M. Krtika; J. Kroll; C. Langer; H. Leeb; L. S. Leong; R. Losito; A. Manousos; J. Marganiec; T. Martnez; P. F. Mastinu; M. Mastromarco; M. Meaze; E. Mendoza; A. Mengoni; P. M. Milazzo; F. Mingrone; M. Mirea; W. Mondelaers; C. Paradela; A. Pavlik; J. Perkowski; M. Pignatari; A. Plompen; J. Praena; J. M. Quesada; T. Rauscher; R. Reifarth; A. Riego; F. Roman; C. Rubbia; R. Sarmento; P. Schillebeeckx; S. Schmidt; D. Schumann; G. Tagliente; J. L. Tain; D. Tarro; L. Tassan-Got; A. Tsinganis; S. Valenta; G. Vannini; V. Variale; P. Vaz; A. Ventura; R. Versaci; M. J. Vermeulen; V. Vlachoudis; R. Vlastou; A. Wallner; T. Ware; M. Weigand; C. Wei; T. J. Wright; P. Zugec

2013-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

259

Progress and open questions in the physics of neutrino cross sections  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New and more precise measurements of neutrino cross sections have renewed the interest in a better understanding of electroweak interactions on nucleons and nuclei. This effort is crucial to achieve the precision goals of the neutrino oscillation program, making new discoveries, like the CP violation in the leptonic sector, possible. We review the recent progress in the physics of neutrino cross sections, putting emphasis on the open questions that arise in the comparison with new experimental data. Following an overview of recent neutrino experiments and future plans, we present some details about the theoretical development in the description of (anti)neutrino-induced quasielastic scattering and the role of multi-nucleon quasielastic-like mechanisms. We cover not only pion production in nucleons and nuclei but also other inelastic channels including strangeness production and photon emission. Coherent reaction channels on nuclear targets are also discussed. Finally, we briefly describe some of the Monte Car...

Alvarez-Ruso, L; Nieves, J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

The simultaneous evaluation of the standards and other cross sections of importance for technology  

SciTech Connect

The simultaneous evaluation of the cross sections of {sup 6}Li(n,{alpha}), {sup 6}Li(n,n), {sup 10}B(n,{alpha}{sub 0}), {sup 10}B(n,{alpha}{sup 1}), {sup 10}B(n,n), {sup 197}Au(n,{gamma}), {sup 238}U(n,{gamma}), {sup 235}U(n,f), {sup 239}Pu(n,f), and {sup 238}U(n,f) and the thermal constants was part of the evaluation of these data for ENDF/B-VI The FORTRAN codes and the data files used for the simultaneous evaluation are documented in the present report. Corrections for some data reported in the literature and the addition of several new data sets results in negligible changes except for the fission cross sections where minor changes occur relative to the evaluation for ENDF/B-VI.

Poenitz, W.P.; Aumeier, S.E.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical sonic cross-section" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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261

On the lepton-nucleon neutral and charged current deep inelastic scattering cross sections  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on the requirement in the simulation of lepton-nucleus deep inelastic scattering (DIS), we construct a fortran program LDCS 1.0 calculating the differential and total cross sections for the unpolarized charged lepton-unpolarized nucleon and neutrino-unpolarized nucleon neutral current (charged current) DIS at leading order. Any set of the experimentally fitted parton distribution functions could be employed directly. The mass of incident and scattered leptons is taken into account and the boundary conditions calculating the single differential and total cross section are studied. The calculated results well agree with the corresponding experimental data which indicating the LDCS 1.0 program is good. It is also turned out that the effect of tauon mass is not negligible in the GeV energy level.

Xing-Long Li; Yu-Liang Yan; Xiao-Mei Li; Dai-Mei Zhou; Xu Cai; Ben-Hao Sa

2014-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

262

Absolute cross section for positron-impact ionization of hydrogen near threshold  

SciTech Connect

We investigate positron-impact ionization of hydrogen near threshold using the hyperspherical hidden crossing method (HHCM). Previously, Ihra et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 78 4027 (1997) used the HHCM to obtain the extended Wannier threshold law for zero angular momentum. We extend their analysis to higher angular momentum L and show that the extended Wannier threshold law is L independent. We also calculate the absolute partial-wave ionization cross sections for L=0, 1, 2, and 3 and compare our results with other calculations and with experimental measurements. The HHCM calculation provides an explanation for the very small S-wave and large D-wave contributions to the ionization cross section in terms of destructive and constructive interference, respectively.

Jansen, Krista [University of North Texas; Ward, S.J. [University of North Texas; Macek, Joseph H [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Measurement of the t tbar cross section at the Run II Tevatron using Support Vector Machines  

SciTech Connect

This dissertation measures the t{bar t} production cross section at the Run II CDF detector using data from early 2001 through March 2007. The Tevatron at Fermilab is a p{bar p} collider with center of mass energy {radical}s = 1.96 TeV. This data composes a sample with a time-integrated luminosity measured at 2.2 {+-} 0.1 fb{sup -1}. A system of learning machines is developed to recognize t{bar t} events in the 'lepton plus jets' decay channel. Support Vector Machines are described, and their ability to cope with a multi-class discrimination problem is provided. The t{bar t} production cross section is then measured in this framework, and found to be {sigma}{sub t{bar t}} = 7.14 {+-} 0.25 (stat){sub -0.86}{sup +0.61}(sys) pb.

Whitehouse, Benjamin Eric; /Tufts U.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Observation of Cooper minima in excited-s-state photoionization cross sections in neon and argon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Observations of Cooper minima in excited-state photoionization cross sections for the Ne 3s and Ar 4s levels are reported. Prebreakdown Ne and Ar discharges under irradiation by light in the 200-400-nm wavelength range yield spectral dependences of photoionization cross sections with minima at the ionization threshold of these states in Ne and slightly distant from them in Ar. They are in close agreement with certain theoretical predictions. Autoionization structure which exists between the two ionization limits p322 and p122 was not observed in any of the Ne or Ar photoionization spectra due to both low spectral resolution and the high density of levels in this spectral region. Application of these measurements to ultraviolet-radiation detection is examined. High detection sensitivity of ultraviolet light is indicated.

N. S. Kopeika; R. Shuker; Y. Yerachmiel; Y. Gabai; C. S. Ih

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Inclusive D* Meson Cross Sections and D* Jet Correlations in Photoproduction at HERA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Differential photoproduction cross sections are measured for events containing D* mesons. The data were taken with the H1 detector at the ep collider HERA and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 51.1 pb-1. The kinematic region covers small photon virtualities Q^2 < 0.01 GeV^2 and photon-proton centre-of-mass energies of 171 < W_gammap < 256 GeV. The details of the heavy quark production process are further investigated in events with one or two jets in addition to the D* meson. Differential cross sections for D* jet production are determined and the correlations between the D* meson and the jet(s) are studied. The results are compared with perturbative QCD predictions applying collinear- or kt -factorisation.

Aktas, A; Anthonis, T; Antunovic, B; Aplin, S; Asmone, A; Astvatsatourov, A; Babaev, A; Backovic, S; Baghdasaryan, A; Baranov, P; Barrelet, E; Bartel, Wulfrin; Baudrand, S; Baumgartner, S; Beckingham, M; Behnke, O; Behrendt, O; Belousov, A; Berger, N; Bizot, J C; Boenig, M O; Boudry, V; Bracinik, J; Brandt, G; Brisson, V; Bruncko, D; Bsser, F W; Bunyatyan, A; Buschhorn, G; Bystritskaya, L; Campbell, A J; Caron, S; Cassol-Brunner, F; Cerny, K; Cerny, V; Chekelian, V; Contreras, J G; Coughlan, J A; Cox, B E; Cozzika, G; Cvach, J; Dainton, J B; Dau, W D; Daum, K; De Boer, Y; Delcourt, B; Del Degan, M; de Roeck, A; De Wolf, E A; Diaconu, C; Dodonov, V; Dubak, A; Eckerlin, G; Efremenko, V; Egli, S; Eichler, R; Eisele, F; Eliseev, A; Elsen, E; Essenov, S; Falkewicz, A; Faulkner, P J W; Favart, L; Fedotov, A; Felst, R; Feltesse, J; Ferencei, J; Finke, L; Fleischer, M; Flucke, G; Fomenko, A; Franke, G; Frisson, T; Gabathuler, E; Garutti, E; Gayler, J; Gerlich, C; Ghazaryan, S; Ginzburgskaya, S; Glazov, A; Glushkov, I; Grlich, L; Goettlich, M; Gogitidze, N; Gorbounov, S; Grab, C; Greenshaw, T; Gregori, M; Grell, B R; Grindhammer, G; Gwilliam, C; Habib, S; Haidt, D; Hansson, M; Heinzelmann, G; Henderson, R C W; Henschel, H; Herrera-Corral, G; Hildebrandt, M; Hiller, K H; Hoffmann, D; Horisberger, R P; Hovhannisyan, A; Hreus, T; Hussain, S; Ibbotson, M; Ismail, M; Jacquet, M; Janssen, X; Jemanov, V; Jnsson, L B; Johnson, D P; Jung, A W; Jung, H; Kapichine, M; Katzy, J; Kenyon, I R; Kiesling, C; Klein, M; Kleinwort, C; Klimkovich, T; Kluge, T; Knies, G; Knutsson, A; Korbel, V; Kostka, P; Krastev, K; Kretzschmar, J; Kropivnitskaya, A; Krger, K; Landon, M P J; Lange, W; Lastoviicka-Medin, G; Laycock, P; Lebedev, A; Leibenguth, G; Lendermann, V; Levonian, S; Lindfeld, L; Lipka, K; Liptaj, A; List, B; List, J; Lobodzinska, E; Loktionova, N; Lpez-Fernandez, R; Lubimov, V; Lucaci-Timoce, A I; Lders, H; Lux, T; Lytkin, L; Makankine, A; Malden, N; Malinovskii, E I; Marage, P; Marshall, R; Marti, L; Martisikova, M; Martyn, H U; Maxfield, S J; Mehta, A; Meier, K; Meyer, A B; Meyer, H; Meyer, J; Michels, V; Mikocki, S; Milcewicz-Mika, I; Milstead, D; Mladenov, D; Mohamed, A; Moreau, F; Morozov, A; Morris, J V; Mozer, M U; Mller, K; Murn, P; Nankov, K; Naroska, B; Naumann, T; Newman, P R; Niebuhr, C; Nikiforov, A; Nowak, G; Nowak, K; Nozicka, M; Oganezov, R; Olivier, B; Olsson, J E; Osman, S; Ozerov, D; Palichik, V; Panagoulias, I; Papadopoulou, T D; Pascaud, C; Patel, G D; Peng, H; Prez, E; Perez-Astudillo, D; Perieanu, A; Petrukhin, A; Pitzl, D; Placakyte, R; Portheault, B; Povh, B; Prideaux, P; Rahmat, A J; Raicevic, N; Reimer, P; Rimmer, A; Risler, C; Rizvi, E; Robmann, P; Roland, B; Roosen, R; Rostovtsev, A; Rurikova, Z; Rusakov, S; Salvaire, F; Sankey, D P C; Sauter, M; Sauvan, E; Schmidt, S; Schmitt, S; Schmitz, C; Schoeffel, L; Schning, A; Schultz-Coulon, H C; Sefkow, F; Shaw-West, R N; Shevyakov, I; Shtarkov, L N; Sloan, T; Smirnov, P; Soloviev, Yu; South, D; Spaskov, V; Specka, A; Steder, M; Stella, B; Stiewe, J; Stoilov, A; Straumann, U; Sunar, D; Tchoulakov, V; Thompson, G; Thompson, P D; Toll, T; Tomasz, F; Traynor, D; Trinh, T N; Trul, P; Tsakov, I; Tsipolitis, G; Tsurin, I; Turnau, J; Tzamariudaki, E; Urban, K; Urban, M; Usik, A; Utkin, D; Valkrov, A; Valle, C; Van Mechelen, P; Vargas, A; Trevino; Vazdik, Ya A; Veelken, C; Vinokurova, S; Volchinski, V; Wacker, K; Weber, G; Weber, R; Wegener, D; Werner, C; Wessels, M; Wessling, B; Wissing, C; Wolf, R; Wnsch, E; Xella, S M; Yan, W; Yeganov, V; Zaicek, J; Zaleisak, J; Zhang, Z; Zhelezov, A; Zhokin, A; Zhu, Y C; Zimmermann, J; Zimmermann, T; Zohrabyan, H; Zomer, F

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Absorption cross section in the topologically massive gravity at the critical point  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The absorption cross section for the the warped AdS$_3$ black hole background shows that it is larger than the area even if the s-wave limit is considered. It raises some question whether the deviation from the areal cross section is due to the warped configuration of the geometry or the rotating coordinate system, where these two effects are mixed up in the warped AdS$_3$ black hole. So, we study the low-frequency scattering dynamics of propagating scalar fields under the warped AdS$_3$ background at the critical point which reduces to the BTZ black hole in the rotating frame without the warped factor, which shows that the deformation effect at the critical point does not appear.

John J. Oh; Wontae Kim

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Absorption cross section in warped AdS_3 black hole revisited  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the absorption cross section for minimal-coupled scalars in the warped AdS_3 black hole. According to our calculation, the cross section reduces to the horizon area in the low energy limit as usually expected in contrast to what was previously found. We also calculate the greybody factor and find that the effective temperatures for the two chiral CFT's are consistent with that derived from the quasinormal modes. Observing the conjectured warped AdS/CFT correspondence, we suspect that a specific sector of the CFT operators with the desired conformal dimension could be responsible for the peculiar thermal behaviour of the warped AdS_3 black hole.

Hsien-Chung Kao; Wen-Yu Wen

2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

268

A unified Monte Carlo approach to fast neutron cross section data evaluation.  

SciTech Connect

A unified Monte Carlo (UMC) approach to fast neutron cross section data evaluation that incorporates both model-calculated and experimental information is described. The method is based on applications of Bayes Theorem and the Principle of Maximum Entropy as well as on fundamental definitions from probability theory. This report describes the formalism, discusses various practical considerations, and examines a few numerical examples in some detail.

Smith, D.; Nuclear Engineering Division

2008-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

269

Total electron scattering cross sections for methanol and ethanol at intermediate energies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Absolute total cross section (TCS) measurements of electron scattering from gaseous methanol and ethanol molecules are reported for impact energies from 60 to 500 eV, using the linear transmission method. The attenuation of intensity of a collimated electron beam through the target volume is used to determine the absolute TCS for a given impact energy, using the BeerLambert law to first approximation. Besides these experimental measurements, we have also determined TCS using the additivity rule.

D G M Silva; T Tejo; J Muse; D Romero; M A Khakoo; M C A Lopes

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

High-Energy Cross Sections in a "Quark-Droplet" Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The following experimental information is available about the high-energy scattering of pp(pn), pp(pn), ?p, and Kp: (a) the total cross sections, (b) the coefficients b and c in the small-angle parametrization of the differential cross section d?dt=Ae(bt+ct2), (c) the ratios of elastic to total cross sections, and (d) the qualitative feature of whether or not the diffraction peak shrinks for the different processes. At the highest available energy, the dependence of these characteristics on the energy becomes relatively weak. In this paper we study their dependence on the quantum numbers of the particles involved; that is, we study how these characteristics are interrelated for the different processes. A "quark-droplet" model is introduced for this purpose. In the approximation where the small differences between pn and pp scattering and between ?+p and ?-p scattering are neglected, a three-parameter model gives a good description of the relative magnitude of the total cross sections and the absolute magnitudes of b. It gives a poorer but still reasonable description of the relative magnitudes of (?el?), and the absolute magnitudes of c. It is shown how a small energy dependence of the three parameters can lead to an increase or decrease of b with energy for the different processes, and how a further splitting of the three parameters can satisfactorily account for the differences between pn and pp, and between ?+p and ?-p. The difference between this analysis and the Regge-pole analysis is discussed. A few unsettled points requiring further experimental check are summarized at the end.

Ching-Hung Woo

1966-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

271

Absorption cross section of RN and SdS extremal black hole  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The nature of scalar wave functions near the horizon of Reissner Nordstrom (RN) extremal and Schwarzschild-de Sitter (SdS) extremal black holes are found using WKB approximation and the effect of reflection of waves from the horizon. The absorption cross section $\\sigma_{abs}$ when RN extremal and SdS extremal black holes placed in a Klein-Gordon field is calculated.

Sini R; Nijo Varghese; V C Kuriakose

2008-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

272

High resolution measurements of the {sup 241}Am(n,2n) reaction cross section  

SciTech Connect

Measurements of the {sup 241}Am(n,2n) reaction cross section have been performed at the Joint Research Centre (JRC) Geel in the frame of a collaboration between the European Commission (EC) JRC and French laboratories from CNRS and the Commissariat a L'Energie Atomique (CEA) Cadarache. Raw material coming from the Atalante facility of CEA Marcoule has been transformed by JRC Karlsruhe into suitable {sup 241}AmO{sub 2} samples embedded in Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} matrices specifically designed for these measurements. The irradiations were carried out at the 7-MV Van de Graaff accelerator. The {sup 241}Am(n,2n) reaction cross section was determined relative to the {sup 27}Al(n,alpha){sup 24}Na standard cross section. The measurements were performed in four sessions, using quasi-mono-energetic neutrons with energies ranging from 8 to 21 MeV produced via the {sup 2}H(d,n){sup 3}He and the {sup 3}H(d,n){sup 4}He reactions. The induced activity was measured by standard gamma-ray spectrometry using a high-purity germanium detector. Below 15 MeV, the present results are in agreement with data obtained earlier. Above 15 MeV, these measurements allowed the experimental investigation of the {sup 241}Am(n,2n) reaction cross section for the first time. The present data are in good agreement with predictions obtained with the talys code that uses an optical and fission model developed at CEA.

Sage, C. [Commissariat a L'Energie Atomique Saclay, DSM/IRFU/SPhN, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements, Retieseweg 111, B-2440 Geel (Belgium); Commissariat a L'Energie Atomique Cadarache, DEN/CAD/DER/SPRC/LEPh, F-13108 St Paul-lez-Durance (France); Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien, F-67037 Strasbourg (France); Semkova, V. [European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements, Retieseweg 111, B-2440 Geel (Belgium); Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, BG-1784 Sofia (Bulgaria); Bouland, O. [Commissariat a L'Energie Atomique Cadarache, DEN/CAD/DER/SPRC/LEPh, F-13108 St Paul-lez-Durance (France); Los Alamos National Laboratory, Theoretical Division, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Dessagne, P.; Rudolf, G. [Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien, F-67037 Strasbourg (France); Fernandez, A.; Naestren, C.; Ottmar, H.; Somers, J.; Wastin, F. [European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Transuranium Elements, Postfach 2340, D-76125 Karlsruhe (Germany); Gunsing, F. [Commissariat a L'Energie Atomique Saclay, DSM/IRFU/SPhN, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Noguere, G. [Commissariat a L'Energie Atomique Cadarache, DEN/CAD/DER/SPRC/LEPh, F-13108 St Paul-lez-Durance (France); Plompen, A. J. M. [European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements, Retieseweg 111, B-2440 Geel (Belgium); Romain, P. [Commissariat a L'Energie Atomique, DAM, DIF, F-91297 Arpajon (France)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

273

Solar ultraviolet-B radiation and vitamin D: a cross-sectional population-based  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

)D for the population. Conclusions: In Canada, cumulative exposure to ambient solar UV-B has a small but significantSolar ultraviolet-B radiation and vitamin D: a cross-sectional population-based study using dataAUR 17326E125C4(7E3E3C7E>4(72B43.EE7D4" 7D4":BE27B725CE9393BE647 #12;RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Solar

Wirosoetisno, Djoko

274

Energy Dependence of Cross Sections near Threshold: One Neutral and Two Charged Reaction Products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The energy dependence near threshold of cross sections for reactions leading to the escape of one neutral and two charged particles is determined. The method is an extension of one developed previously for uncharged particles, and utilizes only general properties of solutions of the time-independent three-particle Schrdinger equation valid outside a reaction zone of finite extent. Electron detachment from H- by charged particle bombardment, and nuclear reactions of the type (n,np) are considered as examples.

Robert W. Hart; Ernest P. Gray; William H. Guier

1957-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

275

Measurement of high-Q2 deep inelastic scattering cross sections with longitudinally polarised positron beams at HERA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The first measurements of the cross sections for neutral and charged current deep inelastic scattering in e+p collisions with longitudinally polarised positron beams are presented. The total cross section for e+p charged current deep inelastic scattering is presented at positive and negative values of positron beam longitudinal polarisation for an integrated luminosity of 37.0 pb^-1 H1 data and 30.5 pb^-1 ZEUS data collected in 2003 and 2004 at a centre-of-mass energy of 319 GeV. In addition, the ZEUS collaboration measured the single differential cross sections for charged and neutral current deep inelastic scattering in the kinematic region Q^2>200 GeV^2. The measured cross sections are compared with the predictions of the Standard Model. The H1 collaboration extrapolate the cross section to a fully left handed positron beam and find it to be consistent with the Standard Model expectation.

Julian Rautenberg

2005-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

276

Charge asymmetry in the differential cross section of high-energy bremsstrahlung in the field of a heavy atom  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The distinction between the charged particle and antiparticle differential cross sections of high-energy bremsstrahlung in the electric field of a heavy atom is investigated. The consideration is based on the quasiclassical approximation to the wave functions in the external field. The charge asymmetry (the ratio of the antisymmetric and symmetric parts of the differential cross section) arises due to the account for the first quasiclassical correction to the differential cross section. All evaluations are performed with the exact account of the atomic field. We consider in detail the charge asymmetry for electrons and muons. For electrons, the nuclear size effect is not important while for muons this effect should be taken into account. For the longitudinal polarization of the initial charged particle, the account for the first quasiclassical correction to the differential cross section leads to the asymmetry in the cross section with respect to the replacement $\\varphi\\rightarrow-\\varphi$, where $\\varphi$ i...

Krachkov, P A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Progress and open questions in the physics of neutrino cross sections  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New and more precise measurements of neutrino cross sections have renewed the interest in a better understanding of electroweak interactions on nucleons and nuclei. This effort is crucial to achieve the precision goals of the neutrino oscillation program, making new discoveries, like the CP violation in the leptonic sector, possible. We review the recent progress in the physics of neutrino cross sections, putting emphasis on the open questions that arise in the comparison with new experimental data. Following an overview of recent neutrino experiments and future plans, we present some details about the theoretical development in the description of (anti)neutrino-induced quasielastic scattering and the role of multi-nucleon quasielastic-like mechanisms. We cover not only pion production in nucleons and nuclei but also other inelastic channels including strangeness production and photon emission. Coherent reaction channels on nuclear targets are also discussed. Finally, we briefly describe some of the Monte Carlo event generators, which are at the core of all neutrino oscillation and cross section measurements.

L. Alvarez-Ruso; Y. Hayato; J. Nieves

2014-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

278

MSTW PDFs and impact of PDFs on cross sections at Tevatron and LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We briefly summarise the "MSTW 2008" determination of parton distribution functions (PDFs), and subsequent follow-up studies, before reviewing some topical issues concerning the PDF dependence of cross sections at the Tevatron and LHC. We update a recently published study of benchmark Standard Model total cross sections (W, Z, gg->H and t-tbar production) at the 7 TeV LHC, where we account for all publicly available PDF sets and we compare to LHC data for W, Z, and t-tbar production. We show the sensitivity of the Higgs cross sections to the gluon distribution, then we demonstrate the ability of the Tevatron jet data, and also the LHC t-tbar data, to discriminate between PDF sets with different high-x gluon distributions. We discuss the related problem of attempts to extract the strong coupling alpha_S from only deep-inelastic scattering data, and we conclude that a direct data constraint on the high-x gluon distribution is required to obtain a meaningful result. We therefore discourage the use of PDF sets ob...

Watt, Graeme

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

MSTW PDFs and impact of PDFs on cross sections at Tevatron and LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We briefly summarise the "MSTW 2008" determination of parton distribution functions (PDFs), and subsequent follow-up studies, before reviewing some topical issues concerning the PDF dependence of cross sections at the Tevatron and LHC. We update a recently published study of benchmark Standard Model total cross sections (W, Z, gg->H and t-tbar production) at the 7 TeV LHC, where we account for all publicly available PDF sets and we compare to LHC data for W, Z, and t-tbar production. We show the sensitivity of the Higgs cross sections to the gluon distribution, then we demonstrate the ability of the Tevatron jet data, and also the LHC t-tbar data, to discriminate between PDF sets with different high-x gluon distributions. We discuss the related problem of attempts to extract the strong coupling alpha_S from only deep-inelastic scattering data, and we conclude that a direct data constraint on the high-x gluon distribution is required to obtain a meaningful result. We therefore discourage the use of PDF sets obtained from "non-global" fits where the high-x gluon distribution is not directly constrained by data.

Graeme Watt

2012-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

280

Fast-neutron total and scattering cross sections of sup 58 Ni and nuclear models  

SciTech Connect

An extensive experimental and theoretical study of the fast-neutron interaction with {sup 58}Ni was undertaken. The neutron total cross sections of {sup 58}Ni were measured from {approx} 1 to > 10 MeV using white source techniques. Differential neutron elastic-scattering cross sections were measured from {approx} 4.5 to 10 MeV at {approx} 0.5 Mev intervals with {ge} 75 differential values per distribution. Differential neutron inelastic-scattering cross sections were measured, corresponding to fourteen levels with excitations up to {approx} 4.8 Mev. The measured results, combined with lower-energy values previously obtained at this laboratory and with relevant values available in the literature, were interpreted in terms of optical-statistical, dispersive-optical and coupled-channels models using both vibrational and rotational coupling schemes. The physical implications of the experimental results and their interpretation are discussed. The considerations are being extended to collective vibrational nuclei generally, exploring the potential for utilizing electro-magnetic matrix elements, deduced from experiment or predicted by the shell model, to determine the strengths of the neutron interaction. Detailed aspects of this work are given in the Laboratory Report, ANL/NDM-120 (in press). 9 refs., 10 figs.

Smith, A.B.; Guenther, P.T.; Whalen, J.F.; Lawson, R.D.; Chiba, S.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical sonic cross-section" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Elastic and inelastic neutron scattering cross sections for fission reactor applications  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear data important for the design and development of the next generation of light-water reactors and future fast reactors include neutron elastic and inelastic scattering cross sections on important structural materials, such as Fe, and on coolant materials, such as Na. These reaction probabilities are needed since neutron reactions impact fuel performance during irradiations and the overall efficiency of reactors. While neutron scattering cross sections from these materials are available for certain incident neutron energies, the fast neutron region, particularly above 2 MeV, has large gaps for which no measurements exist, or the existing uncertainties are large. Measurements have been made at the University of Kentucky Accelerator Laboratory to measure neutron scattering cross sections on both Fe and Na in the region where these gaps occur and to reduce the uncertainties on scattering from the ground state and first excited state of these nuclei. Results from measurements on Fe at incident neutron energies between 2 and 4 MeV will be presented and comparisons will be made to model calculations available from data evaluators.

Hicks, S. F.; Combs, B.; Downes, L.; Girgis, J.; Kersting, L. J.; Lueck, C. J.; McDonough, P. J.; Schniederjan, J.; Sidwell, L.; Sigillito, A. J. [Department of Physics, University of Dallas, Irving TX 75019 (United States); Chakraborty, A.; Crider, B. P.; Kumar, A.; McEllistrem, M. T.; Peters, E. E.; Prados-Estevz, F. M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 (United States); Vanhoy, J. R.; Watts, D. [Department of Physics, United States Naval Academy, Annapolis MD 21402 (United States); Yates, S. W. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 (United States) and Department of Chemistry, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 (United States)

2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

282

Study on generating of thermal neutron scattering cross sections for LiH  

SciTech Connect

LiH is designated as a promising moderator and shielding material because of its low density, high melting point and large fraction of H atoms. However, lack of the thermal neutron cross sections of LiH makes numerical calculation deviate from experimental data to some extent. As a result, it is necessary to study LiH thermal kernel effect. The phonon property of LiH has been investigated by first-principles calculations using the plane-wave pseudo potential method with CASTEP code. The scattering law and the thermal neutron scattering cross sections for Li and H have been generated using this distribution. The results have been compared with zirconium hydride data. The GASKET and NJOY/LEAPR codes have been used in the calculation of scattering law, whose results have been compared with the reference; the discrepancy mainly comes from phonon spectrums and its expansion. LEAPR had the capability to compute scattering through larger energy and momentum transfers than GASKET did. By studying LiH phonon spectrum and constructing the model of LiH thermal kernel and scattering matrix, the ACE format LiH thermal neutron cross sections for MCNP software could be made and used for reactor Neutronics calculation. (authors)

Wang, L.; Jiang, X.; Zhao, Z.; Chen, L. [Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Inelastic Thermal Neutron Scattering Cross Sections for Reactor-grade Graphite  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Current calculations of the inelastic thermal neutron scattering cross sections of graphite are based on representing the material using ideal single crystal models. However, the density of reactor-grade graphite is usually in the range of 1.5 g/cm3 to approximately 1.8 g/cm3, while ideal graphite is characterized by a density of nearly 2.25 g/cm3. This difference in density is manifested as a significant fraction of porosity in the structure of reactor-grade graphite. To account for the porosity effect on the cross sections, classical molecular dynamics (MD) techniques were employed to simulate graphite structures with porosity concentrations of 10% and 30%, which are taken to be representative of reactor-grade graphite. The phonon density of states for the porous systems were generated as the power spectrum of the MD velocity autocorrelation functions. The analysis revealed that for porous graphite the phonon density of states exhibit a rise in the lower frequency region that is relevant to neutron thermalization. Using the generated phonon density of states, the inelastic thermal neutron scattering cross sections were calculated using the NJOY code system. While marked discrepancies exist between measurements and calculations based on ideal graphite models, favorable agreement is found between the calculations based on the porous graphite models and measured data.

A.I. Hawari; V.H. Gillete

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Tropical and subtropical cloud transitions in weather and climate prediction models: the GCSS/WGNE Pacific Cross-Section Intercomparison (GPCI)  

SciTech Connect

A model evaluation approach is proposed where weather and climate prediction models are analyzed along a Pacific Ocean cross-section, from the stratocumulus regions off the coast of California, across the shallow convection dominated trade-winds, to the deep convection regions of the ITCZ: the GCSS/WGNE Pacific Cross-section Intercomparison (GPCI). The main goal of GPCI is to evaluate, and help understand and improve the representation of tropical and sub-tropical cloud processes in weather and climate prediction models. In this paper, a detailed analysis of cloud regime transitions along the cross-section from the sub-tropics to the tropics for the season JJA of 1998 is presented. This GPCI study confirms many of the typical weather and climate prediction model problems in the representation of clouds: underestimation of clouds in the stratocumulus regime by most models with the corresponding consequences in terms of shortwave radiation biases; overestimation of clouds by the ECMWF Re-Analysis (ERA40) in the deep tropics (in particular) with the corresponding impact in the outgoing longwave radiation; large spread between the different models in terms of cloud cover, liquid water path and shortwave radiation; significant differences between the models in terms of vertical crosssections of cloud properties (in particular), vertical velocity and relative humidity. An alternative analysis of cloud cover mean statistics is proposed where sharp gradients in cloud cover along the GPCI transect are taken into account. This analysis shows that the negative cloud bias of some models and ERA40 in the stratocumulus regions (as compared to ISCCP) is associated not only with lower values of cloud cover in these regimes, but also with a stratocumulus-to-cumulus transition that occurs too early along the trade-wind Lagrangian trajectory. Histograms of cloud cover along the cross-section differ significantly between models. Some models exhibit a quasi-bimodal structure with cloud cover being either very large (close to 100%) or very small, while other models show a more continuous transition. The ISCCP observations suggest that reality is in-between these two extreme examples. These different patterns reflect the diverse nature of the cloud, boundary layer, and convection parameterizations in the participating weather and climate prediction models.

Teixeira, J.; Cardoso, S.; Bonazzola, M.; Cole, Jason N.; DelGenio, Anthony D.; DeMott, C.; Franklin, A.; Hannay, Cecile; Jakob, Christian; Jiao, Y.; Karlsson, J.; Kitagawa, H.; Koehler, M.; Kuwano-Yoshida, A.; LeDrian, C.; Lock, Adrian; Miller, M.; Marquet, P.; Martins, J.; Mechoso, C. R.; Meijgaard, E. V.; Meinke, I.; Miranda, P.; Mironov, D.; Neggers, Roel; Pan, H. L.; Randall, David A.; Rasch, Philip J.; Rockel, B.; Rossow, William B.; Ritter, B.; Siebesma, A. P.; Soares, P.; Turk, F. J.; Vaillancourt, P.; Von Engeln, A.; Zhao, M.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Calculation and evaluation of cross-sections for p+184W reactions up to 200MeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cross-sections of proton-induced reactions on 184W at incident proton energy below 200MeV are calculated and analyzed including reaction cross-sections, elastic scattering angular distributions, energy spectra and double differential cross section. Nuclear theoretical models which integrate the optical model, distorted born wave approximation theory, the intra-nuclear cascade model, the exciton model, the Hauser-Feshbach theory and the evaporation model are used in the reactions. Theoretical results are compared with the existent experimental data.

Sun, Jianping; Han, Yinlu

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Threshold-Resummed Cross Section for the Drell-Yan Process in Pion-Nucleon Collisions at COMPASS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a study of the Drell-Yan process in pion-proton collisions including next-to-leading-logarithmic threshold-resummed contributions. We analyze rapidity-integrated as well as rapidity-differential cross sections in the kinematic regime relevant for the COMPASS fixed target experiment. We find that resummation leads to a significant enhancement of the cross section compared to fixed-order calculations in this regime. Particularly large corrections arise at large forward and backward rapidities of the lepton pair. We also study the scale dependence of the cross section and find it to be substantially reduced by threshold resummation.

Matthias Aicher; Andreas Schfer; Werner Vogelsang

2011-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

287

Principle and Uncertainty Quantification of an Experiment Designed to Infer Actinide Neutron Capture Cross-Sections  

SciTech Connect

An integral reactor physics experiment devoted to infer higher actinide (Am, Cm, Bk, Cf) neutron cross sections will take place in the US. This report presents the principle of the planned experiment as well as a first exercise aiming at quantifying the uncertainties related to the inferred quantities. It has been funded in part by the DOE Office of Science in the framework of the Recovery Act and has been given the name MANTRA for Measurement of Actinides Neutron TRAnsmutation. The principle is to irradiate different pure actinide samples in a test reactor like INLs Advanced Test Reactor, and, after a given time, determine the amount of the different transmutation products. The precise characterization of the nuclide densities before and after neutron irradiation allows the energy integrated neutron cross-sections to be inferred since the relation between the two are the well-known neutron-induced transmutation equations. This approach has been used in the past and the principal novelty of this experiment is that the atom densities of the different transmutation products will be determined with the Accelerator Mass Spectroscopy (AMS) facility located at ANL. While AMS facilities traditionally have been limited to the assay of low-to-medium atomic mass materials, i.e., A < 100, there has been recent progress in extending AMS to heavier isotopes even to A > 200. The detection limit of AMS being orders of magnitude lower than that of standard mass spectroscopy techniques, more transmutation products could be measured and, potentially, more cross-sections could be inferred from the irradiation of a single sample. Furthermore, measurements will be carried out at the INL using more standard methods in order to have another set of totally uncorrelated information.

G. Youinou; G. Palmiotti; M. Salvatorre; G. Imel; R. Pardo; F. Kondev; M. Paul

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

PRELIMINARY CROSS SECTION AND NU-BAR COVARIANCES FOR WPEC SUBGROUP 26  

SciTech Connect

We report preliminary cross section covariances developed for the WPEC Subgroup 26 for 45 out of 52 requested materials. The covariances were produced in 15- and 187-group representations as follows: (1) 36 isotopes ({sup 16}O, {sup 19}F, {sup 23}Na, {sup 27}Al, {sup 28}Si, {sup 52}Cr, {sup 56,56}Fe, {sup 58}Ni, {sup 90,91,92,94}Zr, {sup 166,167,168,170}Er, {sup 206,207,208}Pb, {sup 209}Bi, {sup 233,234,236}U, {sup 237}Np, {sup 238,240,241,242}Pu, {sup 241,242m,243}Am, {sup 242,243,244,245}Cm) were evaluated using the BNL-LANL methodology. For the thermal region and the resolved and unresolved resonance regions, the methodology has been based on the Atlas-Kalman approach, in the fast neutron region the Empire-Kalman method has been used; (2) 6 isotopes ({sup 155,156,157,158,160}Gd and {sup 232}Th) were taken from ENDF/B-VII.0; and (3) 3 isotopes ({sup 1}H, {sup 238}U and {sup 239}Pu) were taken from JENDL-3.3. For 6 light nuclei ({sup 4}He, {sup 6,7}Li, {sup 9}Be, {sup 10}B, {sup 12}C), only partial cross section covariance results were obtained, additional work is needed and they do not report the results here. Likewise, the cross section covariances for {sup 235}U, which they recommend to take from JENDL-3.3, will be included once the multigroup processing is successfully completed. Covariances for the average number of neutrons per fission, total {nu}-bar, are provided for 10 actinides identified as priority by SG26. Further work is needed to resolve some of the issues and to produce covariances for the full set of 52 materials.

ROCHMAN,D.

2007-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

289

Monte Carlo simulation of nitrogen dissociation based on state-resolved cross sections  

SciTech Connect

State-resolved analyses of N + N{sub 2} are performed using the direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) method. In describing the elastic collisions by a state-resolved method, a state-specific total cross section is proposed. The state-resolved method is constructed from the state-specific total cross section and the rovibrational state-to-state transition cross sections for bound-bound and bound-free transitions taken from a NASA database. This approach makes it possible to analyze the rotational-to-translational, vibrational-to-translational, and rotational-to-vibrational energy transfers and the chemical reactions without relying on macroscopic properties and phenomenological models. In nonequilibrium heat bath calculations, the results of present state-resolved DSMC calculations are validated with those of the master equation calculations and the existing shock-tube experimental data for bound-bound and bound-free transitions. In various equilibrium and nonequilibrium heat bath conditions and 2D cylindrical flows, the DSMC calculations by the state-resolved method are compared with those obtained with previous phenomenological DSMC models. In these previous DSMC models, the variable soft sphere, phenomenological Larsen-Borgnakke, quantum kinetic, and total collision energy models are considered. From these studies, it is concluded that the state-resolved method can accurately describe the rotational-to-translational, vibrational-to-translational, and rotational-to-vibrational transfers and quasi-steady state of rotational and vibrational energies in nonequilibrium chemical reactions by state-to-state kinetics.

Kim, Jae Gang, E-mail: jaegkim@umich.edu; Boyd, Iain D., E-mail: iainboyd@umich.edu [Department of Aerospace Engineering, University of Michigan, 1320 Beal Avenue, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2140 (United States)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

290

Differential Cross Section of DP-Elastic Scattering at Intermediate Energies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The deuteron-proton elastic scattering is studied in the multiple scattering expansion formalism. The contributions of the one-nucleon-exchange, single- and double scattering are taken into account. The Love and Franey parameterization of the nucleon-nucleon $t$-matrix is used, that gives an opportunity to include the off-energy-shell effects into calculations. Differential cross sections are considered at four energies, $T_d=390, 500, 880, 1200$ MeV. The obtained results are compared with the experimental data.

N. B. Ladygina

2009-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

291

The Neutron-Proton and Neutron-Carbon Scattering Cross Sections for Fast Neutrons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An experimental investigation of the total scattering cross section of hydrogen and carbon for neutrons of energies 0.35 to 6.0 Mev is reported. Neutrons of discrete energies were produced by particle bombardment of lithium, carbon, and heavy water targets. Transmissions of cyclohexane (C6H12) and graphite scatterers under conditions of good geometry were measured. Results for ?s(H) are compared with the theoretical interpretations of Bohm and Richman in a later paper and to the experimental results of D. Frisch at lower energies in a companion paper. It is estimated that ?s(H) and ?s(C) are determined to approximately five percent.

Carl L. Bailey; William E. Bennett; Thor Bergstralth; Richard G. Nuckolls; Hugh T. Richards; John H. Williams

1946-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Neutral Scalar Higgs Masses and Production Cross Sections in an Extended Supersymmetric Standard Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Upper bounds on the three neutral scalar Higgs masses are considered in the supersymmetric standard model with a gauge singlet Higgs field. When the lightest Higgs is singlet-dominated the second lightest Higgs is shown to lie near or below the theoretical upper bound on the lightest Higgs mass. We also consider detectability of these Higgs bosons at a future $e^+ e^-$ linear collider with $\\sqrt{s}\\sim 300 $ GeV and show that at least one of the neutral scalar Higgs has a production cross section larger than 0.04~pb.

Jun-ichi Kamoshita; Yasuhiro Okada; Minoru Tanaka

1994-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

293

Nuclear matrix elements from direct lifetime or cross-section measurements  

SciTech Connect

The method of simultaneous lifetime and g factor measurements using a plunger device and the RDDS and TDRIV techniques is introduced. Results on lifetimes and hyperfine-interaction parameters for 2{sup +}{sub 1} states in {sup 104-108}Pd, {sup 96,98,104}Ru, and {sup 92,94}Zr, using a plunger device. Another method to obtain electromagnetic matrix elements is direct cross section measurements using NRF. The method is outlined, and some recent results on {sup 76}Se are shown.

Werner, V.; Cooper, N.; Hinton, M.; Ilie, G.; Radeck, D. [Wright Nuclear Structure Laboratory, Yale University, P.O. Box 208120, New Haven, CT 06520-8120 (United States); Wright Nuclear Structure Laboratory, Yale University, P.O. Box 208120, New Haven, CT 06520-8120 (United States) and Department of Physics, University of Surrey, Guilford, GU27XH (United Kingdom); Wright Nuclear Structure Laboratory, Yale University, P.O. Box 208120, New Haven, CT 06520-8120 (United States) and National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, P.O. Box MG-6, Bucharest-Magurele (Romania); Wright Nuclear Structure Laboratory, Yale University, P.O. Box 208120, New Haven, CT 06520-8120 (United States) and Institut fuer Kernphysik, Universitaet zu Koeln, Zuelpicher Str. 77, 50937 Koeln (Germany)

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

294

Measurement of the differential dijet production cross section in protonproton collisions at  

SciTech Connect

A measurement of the double-differential inclusive dijet production cross section in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s)=7 TeV is presented as a function of the dijet invariant mass and jet rapidity. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 36 inverse picobarns, recorded with the CMS detector at the LHC. The measurement covers the dijet mass range 0.2 TeV to 3.5 TeV and jet rapidities up to |y|=2.5. It is found to be in good agreement with next-to-leading-order QCD predictions.

Chatrchyan, Serguei; et al.

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

cross-sections with a density-dependent Brueckner-Hartree-Fock NN interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the calculation of the K +-nucleus cross sections, the coupling of the mesons exchanged between the K + and the target nucleons to the polarization of the Fermi and Dirac seas has been taken into account. This polarization has been calculated in the one-loop approximation but summed up to all orders (RPA approximation). For this calculation a density-dependent Brueckner-Hartree-Fock NN interaction providing a good description of both nuclear matter and finite nuclei has been used. The agreement with experiment is considerably improved. PACS numbers: 25.80.Nv, 21.30.+y, 21.60.Jz, 24.10.Jv

J. C. Caillon; J. Labarsouque; Centre Detudes Nuclaires De Bordeaux-gradignan; Universit Bordeaux I

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Fusion cross sections for the Be9+Sn124 reaction at energies near the Coulomb barrier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The complete and incomplete fusion cross sections for Be9+Sn124 reaction have been deduced using the online ?-ray measurement technique. Complete fusion at energies above the Coulomb barrier was found to be suppressed by ~28% compared to the coupled-channels calculations and is in agreement with the systematics of L. R. Gasques et al. [Phys. Rev. C 79, 034605 (2009)]. Study of the projectile dependence for fusion on a Sn124 target shows that, for Be9 nuclei, the enhancement at below-barrier energies is substantial compared to that of tightly bound nuclei.

V. V. Parkar, R. Palit, Sushil K. Sharma, B. S. Naidu, S. Santra, P. K. Joshi, P. K. Rath, K. Mahata, K. Ramachandran, T. Trivedi, and A. Raghav

2010-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

297

Momentum Dependence of the 180 ?-p Charge-Exchange Cross Section  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The differential cross sections for ?-p charge exchange at 180 are given as a function of ?- momentum from 1.8 to 6.0GeVc. Below 4GeVc there is a resonancelike structure. Above 4GeVc the data are in excellent agreement with a smooth exponential drop. A modification of the Igi model gives a good fit to the data. The momentum dependence of the moduli of the isospin- and 32 amplitudes and their relative phase is presented.

V. Kistiakowsky, F. A. Triantis, R. K. Yamamoto, R. D. Klem, P. Marcato, I. A. Pless, I. Spirn, E. F. Anelli, C. N. DeMarzo, A. Romano, D. G. Crabb, A. C. Meyers, III, and J. R. O'Fallon

1971-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

298

Use of energy-averaged cross sections for nuclear spectroscopy: Mg26 states in the continuum  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy averaged cross sections for the C12(O18,?)Mg26 reaction were studied. Over 80 states between Ex(Mg26)=5and20 MeV were observed for many bombarding energies in the range E(O18)=46-50 MeV. Broad, noncorrelated structures observed in the excitation functions prevent the application of Hauser-Feshbach analysis for spin spectroscopy to this particular data set. By implication, our results cast doubt on the previously suggested backbend in the Mg26 yrast sequence.

M. M. Coimbra; N. Carlin Filho; A. Szanto de Toledo; P. M. Stwertka; M- G. Herman; N. G. Nicolis; T. M. Cormier

1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Experimental Cross Sections for Reactions of Heavy Ions and 208Pb, 209Bi, 238U, and 248Cm Targets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

particular area of the chart of nuclides in greater detail.a given region of the Chart of Nuclides, like the heaviestsection of the Chart of Nuclides to make cross section

Patin, Joshua B.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Measurement of electron-attachment line shapes, cross sections, and rate constants in HI and DI at ultralow electron energies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electron-attachment cross sections are reported in the electron energy range 0150 meV, at an energy resolution of 6.5 meV (full width at half maximum) for the molecules HI and DI. Use is made of the Kr photoionization method to obtain cross sections for HI, and a signal intercomparison technique to obtain cross sections and the thermal-attachment rate constant for DI. Attachment properties of the two molecules are very similar. The ratio of attachment cross sections is discussed in terms of the reduced-mass dependence of the dissociation width and the survival probability, and in terms of spectroscopic thresholds and rotational populations for attachment at 300 K. Approximate potential-energy curves for the lowest states of the neutral molecule and negative ion are given.

S. H. Alajajian and A. Chutjian

1988-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical sonic cross-section" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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301

Cross section and asymmetry parameter calculations for the C 1s photoionization of CH4, CF4, and CCl4  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have computed cross sections and asymmetry parameters for the C 1s photoionization of CX4 (X=H, F, Cl) using the Schwinger variational method with Pad corrections. We present a comparative study that shows the influence of the identity of the X atom on the computed cross sections. Predicted cross sections are in good agreement with available photoionization and photoabsorption experimental data. We conclude that the presence of heavy outer atoms produces resonance structures in the photoionization cross sections and in the asymmetry parameters. We find a single nonvalence resonant state in the photoionization of CF4 and multiple resonances in CCl4 that have significant d-orbital character in the vicinity of the Cl atoms.

Alexandra P. P. Natalense; Luiz M. Brescansin; Robert R. Lucchese

2003-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

302

Differential cross sections for low-energy elastic electron scattering from tetrahydrofuran in the angular range 20180  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Absolute differential cross sections have been measured for elastic electron scattering from tetrahydrofuran in the electron impact energy from 6to20eV and in a wide scattering angle range from 20 to 180. In the measurements the magnetic-angle-changing technique has been employed to detect the backward scattering of electrons. The integral and momentum transfer cross sections for elastic scattering have been also determined through integration of the measured differential cross sections. A detailed comparison of the obtained differential cross sections has been made with the results of very recent theoretical calculations. In the measurements attention has been paid to observe negative-ion resonances predicted in these theoretical calculations.

Marcin Dampc; Aleksandar R. Milosavljevi?; Ireneusz Linert; Bratislav P. Marinkovi?; Mariusz Zubek

2007-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

303

Stratigraphic cross section (B) of the Upper Devonian Perrysburg and Java Formations and their equivalents, Northwestern Pennsylvania  

SciTech Connect

These cross section maps cover six locations in Crawford and Erie counties in Pennsylvania, two locations in Ashtabula County in Ohio, and one location in Chantauqua County in New York. (DLC)

Harper, J.A.; Abel, K.D.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

R-matrix calculations of differential and integral cross sections for low-energy electron collisions with ethanol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electron collisions with C2H5OH are studied up to impact energies of 10 eV using several theoretical models. Calculated differential cross sections suggest that the extrapolation to low angles used to extend expe...

M.M. Fujimoto; W.J. Brigg; J. Tennyson

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Investigations of neutron characteristics for salt blanket models; integral fission cross section measurements of neptunium, plutonium, americium and curium isotopes  

SciTech Connect

Neutron characteristics of salt blanket micromodels containing eutectic mixtures of sodium, zirconium and uranium sulphides were measured on FKBN-2M, BIGR and MAKET installations. The effective fission cross sections of neptunium, plutonium, americium and curium isotopes were measured on the neutron spectra formed by micromodels. KEYWORDS: transmutation, minor actinides, fluoride salts, micromodel, critical assembly, neutron spectrum, multiplication coefficient, fission, effective cross section, nuclear track detector, nuclear data library

Novoselov, G. F.; Gavrilov, V. V.; Kuvshinov, M. (Mikhail); Bogdanov, V. M. (Vladimir Mikha?lovich); Maslov, Georgi? Vladimirovich,; Vyachin, V. (Vladimir); Mashnik, S. G. (Stepan G.); Gorelov, V. I. (Vladimir Ivanovich); Fomushkin, E. F.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Total fission cross section of {sup 181}Ta and {sup 208}Pb induced by protons at relativistic energies  

SciTech Connect

Total fission cross section induced by protons in {sup 181}Ta and {sup 208}Pb at energies in the range of 300 to 1000 A MeV have been measured at GSI (Germany) using the inverse kinematics technique. A dedicated setup with high efficiency made it possible to determine these cross sections with high accuracy. The new data seed light in the controversial results obtained so far and contribute to the understanding of the fission process at high excitation energies. (authors)

Ayyad, Y.; Benlliure, J.; Casarejos, E. [Group GENP, Dpto. Fisica de Particulas, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Schmidt, K. H. [GSI, Planckstrasse 1, 64941, Darmstadt (Germany); Jurado, B. [Universite Bordeaux I, CNRS/IN2 P3, CENBG, BP 120, F-33175 Gradignan (France); Kelic-Heil, A. [GSI, Planckstrasse 1, 64941, Darmstadt (Germany); Pol, H. A. [Group GENP, Dpto. Fisica de Particulas, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Ricciardi, M. V.; Pleskac, R. [GSI, Planckstrasse 1, 64941, Darmstadt (Germany); Enqvist, T. [CUPP Project, P.O. Box 22, FI-86801, Pyhsalmi (Finland); Rejmund, F. [Grand Accelerateur National D Ions Lourds, BP 55027, F-14076 Caen Cedex 05 (France); Giot, L. [Subatech - Ecole des Mines de Nantes (France); Henzl, V. [Massachusetts Inst. of Technology, 77, Massachusetts Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Lukic, S. [Karlsruhe Inst. of Technology, D-76021 Karlsruhe (Germany); Ngoc, S. N. [Dept. of Nuclear Physics, Inst. of Physics, National Centre for Natural Science and Technology, NgiaDo-TuLiem, Hanoi (Viet Nam); Boudard, A. [DSM/IRFU/CEA, 91191 Gif-sur-Ivette (France); Universite Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg (France); Leray, S. [DSM/IRFU/CEA, 91191 Gif-sur-Ivette (France); Fernandez, M. [Entro de Investigaciones Energticas Medioambientales Y Tecnolgicas, Madrid (Spain); Kurtukian, T. [Universite Bordeaux I, CNRS/IN2 P3, CENBG, BP 120, F-33175 Gradignan (France); Nadtochy, P. [Omsk State Univ., Dept. of Theoretical Physics, RU-644077 Omsk (Russian Federation); Schmitt, C. [Grand Accelerateur National D'Ions Lourds, BP 55027, F-14076 Caen Cedex 05 (France); Henzlova, D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Safeguards Science and Technology Group N-1, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Paradela, C. [Group GENP, Dpto. Fisica de Particulas, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Bacquias, A. [DSM/IRFU/CEA, 91191 Gif-sur-Ivette (France); Universite Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg (France); Loureiro, D. P. [Group GENP, Dpto. Fisica de Particulas, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Foehr, V. [GSI, Planckstrasse 1, 64941, Darmstadt (Germany); Tarrio, D. [Group GENP, Dpto. Fisica de Particulas, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Kezzar, K. [DSM/IRFU/CEA, 91191 Gif-sur-Ivette (France)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Total cross sections and thermonuclear reaction rates for C13(d,n) and C14(d,n)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The C13(d,n) and C14(d,n) cross sections have been measured for 0.2?Ec.m.?2.1 MeV and 0.2?Ec.m.?1.3 MeV, respectively, using a 4? neutron detector. The cross sections are used to calculate the thermonuclear reaction rates for temperatures below 10 GK. The implications of these and other new nuclear-physics results for inhomogeneous primordial nucleosynthesis are discussed.

C. R. Brune and R. W. Kavanagh

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Measurement of electron capture and loss cross section for 41.67 MeV ??Br ions in H?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

generated with averages of the estimates derived from the various methods of ana- lysis. Br+ was the incoming charge state. . . . . . . . . . . . 66 18 Comparison of the experimental data (denoted by the dots) with the pk curves generated from the cross... curves generated from the cross section values obtained after making alterations in the cross section estimates. Loss of three or more electrons was assumed negligible. Br+ was the in- coming charge state. 68 20 Comparison of the experimental data...

Burns, James Martin

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

In-medium NN cross sections determined from stopping and collective flow in intermediate-energy heavy-ion collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In-medium nucleon-nucleon scattering cross sections are explored by comparing results of quantum molecular dynamics simulations to data on stopping and on elliptic and directed flow in intermediate-energy heavy-ion collisions. The comparison points to in-medium cross sections which are suppressed at low energies but not at higher energies. Positive correlations are found between the degree of stopping and the magnitudes of elliptic and directed flows.

Zhang, Y; Li, Z; Danielewicz, Pawel; Li, Zhuxia; Zhang, Yingxun

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

In-medium NN cross sections determined from stopping and collective flow in intermediate-energy heavy-ion collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In-medium nucleon-nucleon scattering cross sections are explored by comparing results of quantum molecular dynamics simulations to data on stopping and on elliptic and directed flow in intermediate-energy heavy-ion collisions. The comparison points to in-medium cross sections which are suppressed at low energies but not at higher energies. Positive correlations are found between the degree of stopping and the magnitudes of elliptic and directed flows.

Yingxun Zhang; Zhuxia Li; Pawel Danielewicz

2007-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

311

Studying possible higher twist contributions in the inclusive charged hadron cross sections  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the standard pQCD picture particles are produced via the parton jet fragmentation process. However, there are also other production mechanisms like higher twist (HT) processes. A usual example of a HT process is a direct production of an outgoing hadron, where the hadron is produced in the hard subprocess without fragmentation. We study the HT phenomena using a shape analysis (xT scaling) of the inclusive invariant cross sections of charged hadrons, measured by the ALICE collaboration at center-of-mass energies \\sqrt{s}=2.76 TeV and 7 TeV. The data is compared to PYTHIA8 event generator and to a phenomenological model for HT. Using PYTHIA8, we explore a possible enhancement of HT phenomena for isolated particles, by comparing the shapes of the isolated distributions to inclusive distributions. The results from the standard PYTHIA8, without HT, is compared to a PYTHIA8 where we had included a HT process. Finally, we found out that the effects observed in the xT spectra originate from kinematic biases posed by the isolation cuts, rather than from an enrichment of the HT hadrons at the observed cross sections. A more detailed data analysis is ongoing.

Esko Pohjoisaho

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

312

PDF dependence of Higgs cross sections at the Tevatron and LHC: response to recent criticism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We respond to some criticism questioning the validity of the current Standard Model Higgs exclusion limits at the Tevatron, due to the significant dependence of the dominant production cross section from gluon-gluon fusion on the choice of parton distribution functions (PDFs) and the strong coupling (alpha_S). We demonstrate the ability of the Tevatron jet data to discriminate between different high-x gluon distributions, performing a detailed quantitative comparison to show that fits not explicitly including these data fail to give a good description. In this context we emphasise the importance of the consistent treatment of luminosity uncertainties. We comment on the values of alpha_S obtained from fitting deep-inelastic scattering data, particularly the fixed-target NMC data, and we show that jet data are needed for stability. We conclude that the Higgs cross-section uncertainties due to PDFs and alpha_S currently used by the Tevatron and LHC experiments are not significantly underestimated, contrary to some recent claims.

R. S. Thorne; G. Watt

2011-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

313

Studies of combustion reactions at the state-resolved differential cross section level  

SciTech Connect

State-resolved differential reaction cross sections provide perhaps the most detailed information about the mechanism of a chemical reaction, but heretofore they have been extremely difficult to measure. This program explores a new technique for obtaining differential cross sections with product state resolution. The three-dimensional velocity distribution of state-selected reaction products is determined by ionizing the appropriate product, waiting for a delay while it recoils along the trajectory imparted by the reaction, and finally projecting the spatial distribution of ions onto a two dimensional screen using a pulsed electric field. Knowledge of the arrival time allows the ion position to be converted to a velocity, and the density of velocity projections can be inverted mathematically to provide the three-dimensional velocity distribution for the selected product. The main apparatus has been constructed and tested using photodissociations. The authors report here the first test results using crossed beams to investigate collisions between Ar and NO. Future research will both develop further the new technique and employ it to investigate methyl radical, formyl radical, and hydrogen atom reactions which are important in combustion processes. The authors intend specifically to characterize the reactions of CH{sub 3} with H{sub 2} and H{sub 2}CO; of HCO with O{sub 2}; and of H with CH{sub 4}, CO{sub 2}, and O{sub 2}.

Houston, P.L.; Suits, A.G.; Bontuyan, L.S.; Whitaker, B.J. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Activation measurement of the 3He(alpha,gamma)7Be cross section at low energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The nuclear physics input from the 3He(alpha,gamma)7Be cross section is a major uncertainty in the fluxes of 7Be and 8B neutrinos from the Sun predicted by solar models and in the 7Li abundance obtained in big-bang nucleosynthesis calculations. The present work reports on a new precision experiment using the activation technique at energies directly relevant to big-bang nucleosynthesis. Previously such low energies had been reached experimentally only by the prompt-gamma technique and with inferior precision. Using a windowless gas target, high beam intensity and low background gamma-counting facilities, the 3He(alpha,gamma)7Be cross section has been determined at 127, 148 and 169 keV center-of-mass energy with a total uncertainty of 4%. The sources of systematic uncertainty are discussed in detail. The present data can be used in big-bang nucleosynthesis calculations and to constrain the extrapolation of the 3He(alpha,gamma)7Be astrophysical S-factor to solar energies.

D. Bemmerer; F. Confortola; H. Costantini; A. Formicola; Gy. Gyurky; R. Bonetti; C. Broggini; P. Corvisiero; Z. Elekes; Zs. Fulop; G. Gervino; A. Guglielmetti; C. Gustavino; G. Imbriani; M. Junker; M. Laubenstein; A. Lemut; B. Limata; V. Lozza; M. Marta; R. Menegazzo; P. Prati; V. Roca; C. Rolfs; C. Rossi Alvarez; E. Somorjai; O. Straniero; F. Strieder; F. Terrasi; H. P. Trautvetter

2006-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

315

Measurement of the total hadronic cross section in tagged. gamma. gamma. reactions  

SciTech Connect

We present a measurement of the total cross section for {gamma}{gamma}{r arrow}hadrons, with one photon quasireal and the other a spacelike photon of mass squared {minus}{ital Q}{sup 2}. Results are presented as a function of {ital Q}{sup 2} and the {gamma}{gamma} center-of-mass energy {ital W}, with the {ital Q}{sup 2} range extending from 0.2 to 60 GeV{sup 2}, and {ital W} in the range from 2 to 10 GeV. The data were taken with the TPC/Two-Gamma facility at the SLAC {ital e}{sup +}{ital e}{sup {minus}} storage ring PEP, which was operated at a beam energy of 14.5 GeV. The cross section exhibits a gentle falloff with increasing {ital W}. Its {ital Q}{sup 2} dependence is shown to be well described by an incoherent sum of vector-meson and pointlike scattering over most of the observed {ital W} range. Agreement at high {ital Q}{sup 2} is improved if a minimum-{ital p}{sub {ital T}} cutoff (motivated by QCD) is imposed on the pointlike contribution.

Aihara, H.; Alston-Garnjost, M.; Avery, R.E.; Barker, A.R.; Bauer, D.A.; Bay, A.; Belcinski, R.; Bingham, H.H.; Bloom, E.D.; Buchanan, C.D.; Caldwell, D.O.; Chao, H.; Chun, S.; Clark, A.R.; Cowan, G.D.; Crane, D.A.; Dahl, O.I.; Daoudi, M.; Derby, K.A.; Eastman, J.J.; Eberhard, P.H.; Edberg, T.K.; Eisner, A.M.; Erne, F.C.; Fairfield, K.H.; Fridman, A.; Godfrey, G.; Hauptman, J.M.; Ho, C.; Hofmann, W.; Kamae, T.; Kenney, R.W.; Khacheryan, S.; Kofler, R.R.; Lambert, D.J.; Langeveld, W.G.J.; Layter, J.G.; Lin, W.T.; Linde, F.L.; Loken, S.C.; Lu, A.; Lynch, G.R.; Lys, J.E.; Madaras, R.J.; Magnuson, B.D.; Marsiske, H.; Masek, G.E.; Mathis, L.G.; Maxfield, S.J.; McNeil, R.R.; Miller, E.S.; Nicol, N.A.; Nygren, D.R.; Oddone, P.J.; Oh, H.; Oyang, Y.; Paar, H.P.; Palounek, A.P.T.; Park, S.K.; Pellett, D.E.; Pripstein, M.; Ronan, M.T.; Ross, R.R.; Rouse, F.R.; Schwitkis, K.A.; Sens, J.C.; Shapiro, G.; Shen, B.C.; Smith, J.R.; Steinman, J.S.; Stephens, R.W.; Stevenson, M.L.; Stork, D.H.; Strauss,; TPC /Two-Gamma Collaboration

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Extension of the Application of the generalized pole representation to the treatment of resonance cross sections.  

SciTech Connect

One reliable and convenient way of processing the cross sections in the resolved energy region is by use of the generalized pole representation, whereby the Doppler-broadening calculation can be carried out rigorously using the analytical approach. So far, its applications have been limited to cases with resonance parameters specified by the Reich-Moore formalism. Although such an approach, in principle, can be extended to all three remaining representations of resolved resonance parameters specified by the ENDF data format, there is no computational tool for handling such a task at present. Given that Breit-Wigner formalisms are probably the most widely used by any evaluated nuclear data library to represent cross sections, a special effort has to be made to convert the single level and multilevel Breit-Wigner resonance parameters to pole parameters. A FORTRAN computer code BW2PR has been developed for this purpose. Extensive calculations have been performed to demonstrate that the proposed method ensures the conservation of the information contained originally in Breit-Wigner resonance parameters. This will make it possible to apply the exact Doppler-broadening method to a larger collection of nuclides.

Hwang, R. N.; Jammes, C.

1999-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

317

Thermal conduction by dark matter with velocity and momentum-dependent cross-sections  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use the formalism of Gould and Raffelt to compute the dimensionless thermal conduction coefficients for scattering of dark matter particles with standard model nucleons via cross-sections that depend on the relative velocity or momentum exchanged between particles. Motivated by models invoked to reconcile various recent results in direct detection, we explicitly compute the conduction coefficients $\\alpha$ and $\\kappa$ for cross-sections that go as $v_{\\rm rel}^2$, $v_{\\rm rel}^4$, $v_{\\rm rel}^{-2}$, $q^2$, $q^4$ and $q^{-2}$, where $v_{\\rm rel}$ is the relative DM-nucleus velocity and $q$ is the momentum transferred in the collision. We find that a $v_{\\rm rel}^{-2}$ dependence can significantly enhance energy transport from the inner solar core to the outer core. The same can true for any $q$-dependent coupling, if the dark matter mass lies within some specific range for each coupling. This effect can complement direct searches for dark matter; combining these results with state-of-the-art Solar simulations should greatly increase sensitivity to certain DM models. It also seems possible that the so-called Solar Abundance Problem could be resolved by enhanced energy transport in the solar core due to such velocity- or momentum-dependent scatterings.

Aaron C. Vincent; Pat Scott

2013-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

318

MICROX-2 cross section library based on ENDF/B-VII  

SciTech Connect

New cross section libraries of a neutron transport code MICROX-2 have been generated for advanced reactor design and fuel cycle analyses. A total of 386 nuclides were processed, including 10 thermal scattering nuclides, which are available in ENDF/B-VII release 0 nuclear data. The NJOY system and MICROR code were used to process nuclear data and convert them into MICROX-2 format. The energy group structure of the new library was optimized for both the thermal and fast neutron spectrum reactors based on Contributon and Point-wise Cross Section Driven (CPXSD) method, resulting in a total of 1173 energy groups. A series of lattice cell level benchmark calculations have been performed against both experimental measurements and Monte Carlo calculations for the effective/infinite multiplication factor and reaction rate ratios. The results of MICROX-2 calculation with the new library were consistent with those of 15 reference cases. The average errors of the infinite multiplication factor and reaction rate ratio were 0.31% {delta}k and 1.9%, respectively. The maximum error of reaction rate ratio was 8% for {sup 238}U-to-{sup 235}U fission of ZEBRA lattice against the reference calculation done by MCNP5. (authors)

Hou, J.; Ivanov, K. [Dept. of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, Pennsylvania State Univ., Univ. Park, PA 16802-1414 (United States); Choi, H. [General Atomics, 3550 General Atomics Court, San Diego, CA 92121-1122 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Measurement of the cross section of charmed hadrons and the nuclear dependence alpha  

SciTech Connect

With data from the SELEX experiment we study charm hadro-production. We report the differential production cross sections as function of the longitudinal and transverse momentum, as well as for two different target materials, of 14 charmed hadron and/or their decay modes. This is the most extensive study to date. SELEX is a fixed target experiment at Fermilab with high forward acceptance; it took data during 1996-1997 with 600 GeV/c {Sigma}{sup -} and {pi}{sup -}, and 540 GeV/c proton and {pi}{sup +} beams. It used 5 target foils (two copper and three diamond). We use the results to determine {alpha}, used in parametrizing the production cross section as {infinity} A{sup {alpha}}, where A is the mass number of the target nuclei. We found within our statistics that {alpha} is independent of the longitudinal momentum fraction x{sub F} in the interval 0.1 < x{sub F} < 1.0, with {alpha} = 0.778 {+-} 0.014. The average value of {alpha} for charm production by pion beams is {alpha}{sub meson} = 0.850 {+-} 0.028. This is somewhat larger than the corresponding average {alpha}{sub baryon} = 0.755 {+-} 0.016 for charm production by baryon beams ({Sigma}{sup -} and protons).

Blanco-Covarrubias, E.Alejandro; /San Luis Potosi U.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Stellar (n,?) cross sections of Hf174 and radioactive Hf182  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The stellar neutron capture cross sections of Hf174 and the radioactive isotope Hf182 (t1/2=8.9106 yr) have been measured for the first time at kT=25 keV by means of the activation technique. These isotopes originate from different stellar scenarios, Hf174 from the p-process by a series of photodisintegration reactions of heavier seed nuclei, and Hf182 from the s-process in asymptotic giant branch stars as well as from the r-process in supernovae or neutron star mergers. Both activation measurements were carried out at the Karlsruhe Van de Graaff accelerator using the Li7(p,n)Be7 reaction for simulating a Maxwellian neutron spectrum corresponding to a thermal energy of kT=25 keV. The Maxwellian averaged cross sections (MACS) extrapolated to the common s-process temperatures at kT=30 keV yield ???30=98346 and 1418 mb for Hf174 and Hf182, respectively.

C. Vockenhuber; I. Dillmann; M. Heil; F. Kppeler; N. Winckler; W. Kutschera; A. Wallner; M. Bichler; S. Dababneh; S. Bisterzo; R. Gallino

2007-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical sonic cross-section" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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321

The implementation of a 3D characteristics solver for the generation of incremental cross sections for reactivity devices in a CANDU reactor  

SciTech Connect

We are presenting issues related to the generation of consistent incremental cross sections for the reactivity devices in a CANDU reactor. Such calculations involve the solution of the neutron transport equation over complex 3D geometries representing a single vertical reactivity device inserted mid-way between two horizontal fuel channels. The DRAGON lattice code has recently been upgraded and can handle the exact geometry of such configurations for trajectory-based transport solvers. Within this framework, the detailed representation of the reactivity devices implies an increase in the number of regions when the strongly absorbing regions and fuel clusters are described without cylinderization. In this paper, a solution based on the characteristics method is compared with the standard procedure, based on the collision probabilities method. The coherence of both solvers is highlighted and a comparison of their computational costs is presented. (authors)

Le Tellier, R.; Hebert, A.; Marleau, G. [Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal, C.P. 6079 suce. Centre-Ville, Montreal, Que. H3C 3A7 (Canada)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Beryllium and Graphite High-Accuracy Total Cross-Section Measurements in the Energy Range from 24 to 900 keV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Beryllium and Graphite High-Accuracy Total Cross-Section Measurements in the Energy Range from 24 new measurements of the carbon and beryllium neutron total cross section in the energy range of 24 the measurement of the energy-dependent total cross section st ~Ei ! by applying Eq. ~1! for every TOF channel i

Danon, Yaron

323

Estimating Three-Dimensional Cloudy Radiative Transfer Effects from Time-Height Cross Sections  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Estimating Three-Dimensional Cloudy Radiative Transfer Estimating Three-Dimensional Cloudy Radiative Transfer Effects from Time-Height Cross Sections C. Hannay and R. Pincus National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Climate Diagnostics Center Boulder, Colorado K. F. Evans Program in Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences University of Colorado Boulder, Colorado Introduction Clouds in the atmosphere are finite in extent and variable in every direction and in time. Long data sets from ground-based profilers, such as lidars or cloud radars, could provide a very valuable set of observations to characterize this variability. We may ask how well such profiling instruments can represent the cloud structure as measured by the magnitude of the three-dimensional (3D) radiative transfer effect. The 3D radiative transfer effect is the difference between the domain average broadband solar surface

324

The Cross Section of 3He(3He,2p)4He measured at Solar Energies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the results of the \\hethet\\ experiment at the underground accelerator facility LUNA (Gran Sasso). For the first time the lowest projectile energies utilized for the cross section measurement correspond to energies below the center of the solar Gamow peak ($E_{\\rm 0}$=22 keV). The data provide no evidence for the existence of a hypothetical resonance in the energy range investigated. Although no extrapolation is needed anymore (except for energies at the low-energy tail of the Gamow peak), the data must be corrected for the effects of electron screening, clearly observed the first time for the \\hethet\\ reaction. The effects are however larger than expected and not understood, leading presently to the largest uncertainty on the quoted $S_{\\rm b}(E_{\\rm 0})$ value for bare nuclides (=5.40 MeV b).

The LUNA Collaboration; M. Junker; A. D'Alessandro; S. Zavatarelli; C. Arpesella; E. Bellotti; C. Broggini; P. Corvisiero; G. Fiorentini; A. Fubini; G. Gervino; U. Greife; C. Gustavino; J. Lambert; P. Prati; W. S. Rodney; C. Rolfs; F. Strieder; H. P. Trautvetter; D. Zahnow

1997-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

325

Cross Sections from 800 MeV Proton Irradiation of Terbium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A single terbium foil was irradiated with 800 MeV protons to ascertain the potential for production of lanthanide isotopes of interest in medical, astrophysical, and basic science research and to contribute to nuclear data repositories. Isotopes produced in the foil were quantified by gamma spectroscopy. Cross sections for 36 isotopes produced in the irradiation are reported and compared with predictions by the MCNP6 transport code using the CEM03.03, Bertini, and INCL+ABLA event generators. Our results indicate the need to accurately consider fission and fragmentation of relatively light target nuclei like terbium in the modeling of nuclear reactions at 800 MeV. The predictive power of the code was found to be different for each event generator tested but was satisfactory for most of the product yields in the mass region where spallation reactions dominate. However, none of the event generators' results are in complete agreement with measured data.

J. W. Engle; S. G. Mashnik; H. Bach; A. Couture; K. Jackman; R. Gritzo; B. D. Ballard; M. Fabender; D. M. Smith; L. J. Bitteker; J. L. Ullmann; M. Gulley; C. Pillai; K. D. John; E. R. Birnbaum; F. M. Nortier

2012-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

326

Double ionization of helium by bare ions: Theoretical study of the fully differential cross sections  

SciTech Connect

This work presents a theoretical study of fully differential cross sections (FDCSs) for the double ionization of an He target by ion impact within a distorted wave model. The initial atomic system is described by two approximated wave functions of different accuracy proposed by Bonham and Kohl. For the final channel several models are considered based upon improvements and simplifications of the well-known three-body Coulomb (3C) model. The influence of the receding projectile on the resulting fragments is also studied by implementing a model with effective charges that depend on the momenta of the four particles. The FDCSs resulting for different electron energy sharing are discussed. The sensitivity of the FDCSs to the projectile charge sign and magnitude is explored over the energy range 700 keV/amu through 6 MeV/amu.

Lopez, S. D.; Garibotti, C. R. [Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas and Centro Atomico Bariloche, Avenida Bustillo 9400, 8400 San Carlos de Bariloche (Argentina); Otranto, S. [Instituto de Fisica del Sur and Departamento de Fisica, Universidad Nacional del Sur, 8000 Bahia Blanca (Argentina)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

327

Minijets: Cross section and energy distribution in very-high-energy nuclear collisions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The energy spectrum from semihard partonic interactions in nucleus-nucleus collisions with c.m. energies of the order of 1 TeV per nucleon is discussed. The presence of a large number of nucleons induces incoherence among most of the partonic collisions, while the large number of partonic interactions makes the unitarization of the cross section an essential tool for a meaningful description of the processes. This goal is achieved, accounting for all semihard partonic scatterings, namely, including both disconnected collisions and rescatterings. The characteristic feature of the interaction resulting from this analysis is that it is basically a geometrical one. As a consequence of the unitarization, the energy distribution of the scattered partons turns out to be a regular function of the cutoff ptmin which separates semihard events from soft ones.

G. Calucci and D. Treleani

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Vibrational spectra of light and heavy water with application to neutron cross section calculations  

SciTech Connect

The design of nuclear reactors and neutron moderators require a good representation of the interaction of low energy (E < 1 eV) neutrons with hydrogen and deuterium containing materials. These models are based on the dynamics of the material, represented by its vibrational spectrum. In this paper, we show calculations of the frequency spectrum for light and heavy water at room temperature using two flexible point charge potentials: SPC-MPG and TIP4P/2005f. The results are compared with experimental measurements, with emphasis on inelastic neutron scattering data. Finally, the resulting spectra are applied to calculation of neutron scattering cross sections for these materials, which were found to be a significant improvement over library data.

Damian, J. I. Marquez; Granada, J. R. [Neutron Physics Department and Instituto Balseiro, Centro Atomico Bariloche, CNEA (Argentina); Malaspina, D. C. [Department of Biomedical Engineering and Chemistry of Life Processes Institute, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, Illinois 60208 (United States)

2013-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

329

Impact of the Doppler Broadened Double Differential Cross Section on Observed Resonance Profiles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper is sequential to studies discussing with the impact of the Doppler broadening of the Double Differential Cross Section (DDXS) on nuclear reactor core calculations. In this study, the influence of the resonance dependent DDXS on the observed resonance line shape in time of flight capture experiments is investigated. The importance of the correct formalism is illustrated by comparing Monte Carlo simulations with and without a resonance dependent DDXS model to measured data of a saturated 238U resonance. The resonance dependent DDXS is taken into account via its stochastic implementation known as Doppler Broadening Rejection Correction (DBRC). In addition, the increased impact of the resonance dependent DDXS model for higher temperatures is shown via a simulation of capture yields for 238U and 183W at different sample temperatures.

R. Dagan; B. Becker; Y. Danon; F. Gunsing; S. Kopecky; C. Lampoudis; O. Litaize; M. Moxon; P. Schillebeeckx

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Cross sections for production of closed superstrings at high energy colliders in brane world models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In brane world string models with large extra dimensions, there are processes where fermion and antifermion (or two gluons) can annihilate producing a light particle (e.g. gluon) carrying transverse momentum and a Kaluza-Klein graviton or an excited closed string that propagates in the extra dimensions. In high energy colliders, this process gives a missing momentum signature. We compute the total cross section for this process within the context of type II superstring theory in the presence of a D brane. This includes all missing energy sources for this string theory model up to s=8M_s^2, and it can be used to put new limits on the string scale M_s.

Diego Chialva; Roberto Iengo; Jorge G. Russo

2005-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

331

Cross-sectional aspect ratio modulated electronic properties in Si/Ge core/shell nanowires  

SciTech Connect

Electronic structures of (4, n) and (m, 4) (the NW has m layers parallel to the {1?1?1} facet and n layers parallel to {1?1?0}) Si/Ge core/shell nanowires (NWs) along the [1?1?2] direction with cross-sectional aspect ratio (m/n) from 0.36 to 2.25 are studied by first-principles calculations. An indirect to direct band gap transition is observed as m/n decreases, and the critical values of m/n and diameter for the transition are also estimated. The size of the band gap also depends on the aspect ratio. These results suggest that m/n plays an important role in modulating the electronic properties of the NWs.

Liu, Nuo [Ames Laboratory; Lu, Ning [Ames Laboratory; Yao, Yong-Xin [Ames Laboratory; Zhang, Gui-Ping [Ames Laboratory; Wang, Cai-Zhuang [Ames Laboratory; Ho, Kai-Ming [Ames Laboratory

2013-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

332

Top quark pair production cross section using the ATLAS detector at the LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measurements of the inclusive top quark pair production cross sections in proton-proton collisions with the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider are presented. The measurements are performed requiring one or two electrons or muons in the final state. Various experimental techniques are compared. The most accurate result in obtained requiring opposite sign electrons and muons, achieves a precision of a few percent, and is in good agreement with a recent NNLO+NNLL QCD calculation. In addition, a di erential measurement of the top transverse momentum and kinematic properties of the top pair system are presented. This measurement requires one electron or muon in the final state and probes our understanding of top pair production in the TeV regime and is compared to recent Monte Carlo generators and theory calculations.

Theveneaux-Pelzer, Timothee; The ATLAS collaboration

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Single ionization of CH{sub 4} by bare ions: Fully differential cross sections  

SciTech Connect

A theoretical study of fully differential cross sections for the single ionization of CH{sub 4} by collisions with H{sup +}, He{sup 2+}, and C{sup 6+} ions at energies in the order of MeV/amu is presented. We work in terms of the Born-3DW model, which considers a non-Coulomb central potential for the interaction of the active electron with the molecular core. Results obtained with the Born-3DW model are compared to those obtained with the Born-C3 model, which assumes this potential as purely Coulombic. The anisotropic potential of the CH{sub 4} molecule is smoothed through an angular integration, and results are averaged over all the possible orientations of the target molecule. Results for the lesser bound molecular orbitals (1T and 2A{sub 1}) are presented and discussed for different projectile momentum transfers for the coplanar geometry.

Fernandez-Menchero, L. [Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas and Dto. de Fisica, Universidad Nacional del Sur, Avenida Alem 1253, 8000 Bahia Blanca-Buenos Aires (Argentina); Atomic Data and Analysis Structure, Department of Physics, University of Strathclyde (United Kingdom); Otranto, S. [Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas and Dto. de Fisica, Universidad Nacional del Sur, Avenida Alem 1253, 8000 Bahia Blanca-Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

334

A Precision Measurement of the Inclusive ep Scattering Cross Section at HERA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A measurement of the inclusive deep-inelastic neutral current e+p scattering cross section is reported in the region of four-momentum transfer squared, 12<=Q^2<=150 GeV^2, and Bjorken x, 2x10^-4<=x<=0.1. The results are based on data collected by the H1 Collaboration at the ep collider HERA at positron and proton beam energies of E_e=27.6 GeV and E_p=920 GeV, respectively. The data are combined with previously published data, taken at E_p=820 GeV. The accuracy of the combined measurement is typically in the range of 1.3-2%. A QCD analysis at next-to-leading order is performed to determine the parton distributions in the proton based on H1 data.

Aaron, F D; Alimujiang, K; Andreev, V; Antunovic, B; Asmone, A; Backovic, S; Baghdasaryan, A; Barrelet, E; Bartel, W; Begzsuren, K; Belousov, A; Bizot, J C; Boudry, V; Bozovic-Jelisavcic, I; Bracinik, J; Brandt, G; Brinkmann, M; Brisson, V; Bruncko, D; Bunyatyan, A; Buschhorn, G; Bystritskaya, L; Campbell, A J; Cantun Avila, K B; Cassol-Brunner, F; Cerny, K; Cerny, V; Chekelian, V; Cholewa, A; Contreras, J G; Coughlan, J A; Cozzika, G; Cvach, J; Dainton, J B; Daum, K; Deak, M; de Boer, Y; Delcourt, B; Del Degan, M; Delvax, J; De Roeck, A; De Wolf, E A; Diaconu, C; Dodonov, V; Dossanov, A; Dubak, A; Eckerlin, G; Efremenko, V; Egli, S; Eliseev, A; Elsen, E; Falkiewicz, A; Faulkner, P J W; Favart, L; Fedotov, A; Felst, R; Feltesse, J; Ferencei, J; Fischer, D J; Fleischer, M; Fomenko, A; Gabathuler, E; Gayler, J; Ghazaryan, S; Glazov, A; Glushkov, I; Goerlich, L; Gogitidze, N; Gouzevitch, M; Grab, C; Greenshaw, T; Grell, B R; Grindhammer, G; Habib, S; Haidt, D; Helebrant, C; Henderson, R C W; Hennekemper, E; Henschel, H; Herbst, M; Herrera, G; Hildebrandt, M; Hiller, K H; Hoffmann, D; Horisberger, R; Hreus, T; Jacquet, M; Janssen, M E; Janssen, X; Jemanov, V; Jonsson, L; Jung, Andreas Werner; Jung, H; Kapichine, M; Katzy, J; Kenyon, I R; Kiesling, C; Klein, M; Kleinwort, C; Kluge, T; Knutsson, A; Kogler, R; Korbel, V; Kostka, P; Kraemer, M; Krastev, K; Kretzschmar, J; Kropivnitskaya, A; Kruger, K; Kutak, K; Landon, M P J; Lange, W; Lastovicka-Medin, G; Laycock, P; Lebedev, A; Leibenguth, G; Lendermann, V; Levonian, S; Li, G; Lipka, K; Liptaj, A; List, B; List, J; Loktionova, N; Lopez-Fernandez, R; Lubimov, V; Lytkin, L; Makankine, A; Malinovski, E; Marage, P; Marti, Ll; Martyn, H U.; Maxfield, S J; Mehta, A; Meyer, A B; Meyer, H; Meyer, H; Meyer, J; Michels, V; Mikocki, S; Milcewicz-Mika, I; Moreau, F; Morozov, A; Morris, J V; Mozer, Matthias Ulrich; Mudrinic, M; Muller, K; Murin, P; Naroska, B; Naumann, Th; Newman, P R; Niebuhr, C; Nikiforov, A; Nowak, G; Nowak, K; Nozicka, M; Olivier, B; Olsson, J E; Osman, S; Ozerov, D; Palichik, V; Panagoulias, I; Pandurovic, M; Papadopoulou, Th; Pascaud, C; Patel, G D; Pejchal, O; Perez, E; Petrukhin, A; Picuric, I; Piec, S; Pitzl, D; Placakyte, R; Pokorny, B; Polifka, R; Povh, B; Preda, T; Radescu, V; Rahmat, A J; Raicevic, N; Raspiareza, A; Ravdandorj, T; Reimer, P; Rizvi, E; Robmann, P; Roland, B; Roosen, R; Rostovtsev, A; Rotaru, M; Ruiz Tabasco, J E; Rurikova, Z; Rusakov, S; Salek, D; Sankey, D P C; Sauter, M; Sauvan, E; Schmitt, S; Schmitz, C; Schoeffel, L; Schoning, A; Schultz-Coulon, H C; Sefkow, F; Shaw-West, R N; Sheviakov, I; Shtarkov, L N; Shushkevich, S; Sloan, T; Smiljanic, Ivan; Soloviev, Y; Sopicki, P; South, D; Spaskov, V; Specka, Arnd E; Staykova, Z; Steder, M; Stella, B; Stoicea, G; Straumann, U.; Sunar, D; Sykora, T; Tchoulakov, V; Thompson, G; Thompson, P D; Toll, T; Tomasz, F; Tran, T H; Traynor, D; Trinh, T N; Truol, P; Tsakov, I; Tseepeldorj, B; Turnau, J; Urban, K; Valkarova, A; Vallee, C; Van Mechelen, P; Vargas Trevino, A; Vazdik, Y; Vinokurova, S; Volchinski, V; von den Driesch, M; Wegener, D; Wallny, R; Wissing, Ch; Wunsch, E; Zacek, J; Zalesak, J; Zhang, Z; Zhokin, A; Zimmermann, T; Zohrabyan, H; Zomer, F; Zus, R; 10.1140/epjc/s10052-009-1169-x

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Angular and energy dependence of cross sections for ejection of electrons from water vapor. III. 20150-keV neutral-hydrogen impact  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Absolute values of cross sections for electron production in collisions of neutral hydrogen atoms of 20150 keV energy with water vapor molecules have been measured as a function of the ejection energy and angle. The range of angles was 10 to 160 and the electron energy range was 1300 eV. The doubly differential cross sections were integrated over angle and/or energy to obtain singly differential cross sections, total electron production cross sections, and average energies of ejection. The angular distribution of the electron loss peak was found to have some features in common with the cross section for elastic scattering of electrons.

M. A. Bolorizadeh and M. E. Rudd

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Recent developments pertinent to processing of ENDF/B-6 type resonance cross section data.  

SciTech Connect

In view of our increasing dependence on computations rather than construction and operation of more costly experimental facilities, the rigor and accuracy achievable by calculational methods certainly deserve more attention. This is particularly so for the Monte Carlo methods which are generally regarded as the ultimate computational standard for the entire nuclear community around the globe. One obvious question that one may raise is whether the numerical algorithms deployed to process cross sections accurately reflect the rigor of the state-of-the-art nuclear data. The case in point is particularly essential in the resolved and the unresolved resonance regions, which constitute the most demanding task in all processing codes for reactor applications. For the resolved energy region, the point-wise cross sections are highly fluctuating functions of energy and temperature. In light of the availability of a large body of resonance data spanning over the much expanded energy ranges for most of major nuclides, critical examinations and improvement where appropriate, of the existing methods are apparently in order. For the unresolved energy region, improvement of traditional methods based on statistical approaches for treating the self-shielding effects is also desirable. From the perspective of the Monte Carlo approach, an alternative means for generating the probability tables without the inevitable difficulties associated with statistical uncertainties and/or those with concerns of uniqueness is needed. The accuracy considerations provide the motivation for the recent efforts at ANL to upgrade the existing VIMB processing code developed in early 70's in order to deal processing codes with these issues. Various tasks of upgrading are still at various stages of development. The purpose of this paper is to present an up-to-date account of the work in progress.

Hwang, R. N.

1998-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

337

Ni62(n,?) and Ni63(n,?) cross sections measured at the n_TOF facility at CERN  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The cross section of the Ni62(n,?) reaction was measured with the time-of-flight technique at the neutron time-of-flight facility n_TOF at CERN. Capture kernels of 42 resonances were analyzed up to 200 keV neutron energy and Maxwellian averaged cross sections (MACS) from kT= 5100 keV were calculated. With a total uncertainty of 4.5%, the stellar cross section is in excellent agreement with the the KADoNiS compilation at kT=30 keV, while being systematically lower up to a factor of 1.6 at higher stellar temperatures. The cross section of the Ni63(n,?) reaction was measured for the first time at n_TOF. We determined unresolved cross sections from 10 to 270 keV with a systematic uncertainty of 17%. These results provide fundamental constraints on s-process production of heavier species, especially the production of Cu in massive stars, which serve as the dominant source of Cu in the solar system.

C. Lederer et al. (n_TOF Collaboration)

2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

338

Cross Sections for the Excitation of the Metastable 2s State of Atomic Hydrogen by Electron Collision  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The function for excitation of the 2s state of atomic hydrogen by electron impact has been measured from threshold to 45 ev by an atomic beam method. The absolute value of the total cross section has been determined by two independent methods which are in agreement. In one method the excitation function was normalized to the Born approximation at the higher energies. The mechanism of cascade from higher p states was found to play a significant role in population of the metastable 2s level. The other method proceeded by determining the metastable detection efficiency in terms of the known efficiency for Lyman-? photons. The yield for ejection of electrons from an untreated platinum surface by H(2s) is 0.0650.025. The total cross section reaches a maximum value of (0.350.05)?a02 at 11.7 ev. The exchange cross section was also measured by the atomic beam method. The incident atoms were polarized in a Stern-Gerlach experiment; the metastable atoms were analyzed by the selective quenching action of a magnetic field of 575 gauss. The ratio of the exchange to total cross section is 0.450.05 near threshold. At higher energies, this ratio approaches zero.The cross section for production of metastable atoms by direct bombardment of molecular hydrogen is 0.03?a02. This value is considered correct to within a factor of two.

William Lichten and Sheldon Schultz

1959-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Nuclear transparency and effective kaon-nucleon cross section from the A(e, e'K+) reaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have determined the transparency of the nuclear medium to kaons from $A(e,e^{'} K^{+})$ measurements on $^{12}$C, $^{63}$Cu, and $^{197}$Au targets. The measurements were performed at the Jefferson Laboratory and span a range in four-momentum-transfer squared Q$^2$=1.1 -- 3.0 GeV$^2$. The nuclear transparency was defined as the ratio of measured kaon electroproduction cross sections with respect to deuterium, ($\\sigma^{A}/\\sigma^{D}$). We further extracted the atomic number ($A$) dependence of the transparency as parametrized by $T= (A/2)^{\\alpha-1}$ and, within a simple model assumption, the in-medium effective kaon-nucleon cross sections. The effective cross sections extracted from the electroproduction data are found to be smaller than the free cross sections determined from kaon-nucleon scattering experiments, and the parameter $\\alpha$ was found to be significantly larger than those obtained from kaon-nucleus scattering. We have included similar comparisons between pion- and proton-nucleon effective cross sections as determined from electron scattering experiments, and pion-nucleus and proton-nucleus scattering data.

Nuruzzaman; D. Dutta; J. Arrington; R. Asaturyan; F. Benmokhtar; W. Boeglin; P. Bosted; A. Bruell; B. Clasie; M. E. Christy; E. Chudakov; M. M. Dalton; A. Daniel; D. Day; L. El Fassi; R. Ent; H. C. Fenker; J. Ferrer; N. Fomin; H. Gao; K. Garrow; D. Gaskel; C. Gray; T. Horn; G. M. Huber; M. K. Jones; N. Kalantarians; C. E. Keppel; K. Kramer; Y. Li; Y. Liang; A. F. Lung; S. Malace; P. Markowitz; A. Matsumura; D. G. Meekins; T. Mertens; T. Miyoshi; H. Mkrtchyan; R. Monson; T. Navasardyan; G. Niculescu; I. Niculescu; Y. Okayasu; A. K. Opper; C. Perdrisat; V. Punjabi; X. Qian; A. W. Rauf; V. M. Rodriquez; D. Rohe; J. Seely; E. Segbefia; G. R. Smith; M. Sumihama; V. Tadevosyan; L. Tang; V. Tvaskis; W. F. Vulcan; F. R. Wesselmann; S. A. Wood; L. Yuan; X. C. Zheng

2011-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

340

Measurement of the $WW+WZ$ Production Cross Section Using a Matrix Element Technique in Lepton + Jets Events  

SciTech Connect

We present a measurement of the WW + WZ production cross section observed in a final state consisting of an identified electron or muon, two jets, and missing transverse energy. The measurement is carried out in a data sample corresponding to up to 4.6 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV collected by the CDF II detector. Matrix element calculations are used to separate the diboson signal from the large backgrounds. The WW + WZ cross section is measured to be 17.4 {+-} 3.3 pb, in agreement with standard model predictions. A fit to the dijet invariant mass spectrum yields a compatible cross section measurement.

Aaltonen, T.; /Helsinki Inst. of Phys.; Alvarez Gonzalez, B.; /Oviedo U. /Cantabria Inst. of Phys.; Amerio, S.; /INFN, Padua; Amidei, D.; /Michigan U.; Anastassov, A.; /Northwestern U.; Annovi, A.; /Frascati; Antos, J.; /Comenius U.; Apollinari, G.; /Fermilab; Appel, J.A.; /Fermilab; Apresyan, A.; /Purdue U.; Arisawa, T.; /Waseda U. /Dubna, JINR

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

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341

Extracting (n,g) direct capture cross sections from Coulomb dissociation: application to $^{14}$C(n,$?$)$^{15}$C  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A methodology for extracting neutron direct capture rates from Coulomb dissociation data is developed and applied to the Coulomb dissociation of 15C on 208Pb at 68 MeV/nucleon. Full Continuum Discretized Coupled Channel calculations are performed and an asymptotic normalization coefficient is determined from a fit to the breakup data. Direct neutron capture calculations using the extracted asymptotic normalization coefficient provide $(n,\\gamma)$ cross sections consistent with direct measurements. Our results show that the Coulomb Dissociation data can be reliably used for extracting the cross section for 14C(n,g)15C if the appropriate reaction theory is used. The resulting error bars are of comparable magnitude to those from the direct measurement. This procedure can be used more generally to extract capture cross sections from breakup reactions whenever the desired capture process is fully peripheral.

N. C. Summers; F. M. Nunes

2008-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

342

Rapidity gap cross sections measured with the ATLAS detector in pp collisions at $\\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pseudorapidity gap distributions in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV are studied using a minimum bias data sample with an integrated luminosity of 7.1 inverse microbarns. Cross sections are measured differentially in terms of Delta eta F, the larger of the pseudorapidity regions extending to the limits of the ATLAS sensitivity, at eta = +/- 4.9, in which no final state particles are produced above a transverse momentum threshold p_T Cut. The measurements span the region 0 Xp), enhanced by double dissociation (pp -> XY) where the invariant mass of the lighter of the two dissociation systems satisfies M_Y ~ 3. The large rapidity gap data are used to constrain the value of the pomeron intercept appropriate to triple Regge models of soft diffraction. The cross section integrated over all gap sizes is compared with other LHC inelastic cross section measurements.

Aad, Georges; Abdallah, Jalal; Abdelalim, Ahmed Ali; Abdesselam, Abdelouahab; Abdinov, Ovsat; Abi, Babak; Abolins, Maris; AbouZeid, Ossama; Abramowicz, Halina; Abreu, Henso; Acerbi, Emilio; Acharya, Bobby Samir; Adamczyk, Leszek; Adams, David; Addy, Tetteh; Adelman, Jahred; Aderholz, Michael; Adomeit, Stefanie; Adragna, Paolo; Adye, Tim; Aefsky, Scott; Aguilar-Saavedra, Juan Antonio; Aharrouche, Mohamed; Ahlen, Steven; Ahles, Florian; Ahmad, Ashfaq; Ahsan, Mahsana; Aielli, Giulio; Akdogan, Taylan; ?kesson, Torsten Paul Ake; Akimoto, Ginga; Akimov, Andrei; Akiyama, Kunihiro; Alam, Mohammad; Alam, Muhammad Aftab; Albert, Justin; Albrand, Solveig; Aleksa, Martin; Aleksandrov, Igor; Alessandria, Franco; Alexa, Calin; Alexander, Gideon; Alexandre, Gauthier; Alexopoulos, Theodoros; Alhroob, Muhammad; Aliev, Malik; Alimonti, Gianluca; Alison, John; Aliyev, Magsud; Allport, Phillip; Allwood-Spiers, Sarah; Almond, John; Aloisio, Alberto; Alon, Raz; Alonso, Alejandro; Alvarez Gonzalez, Barbara; Alviggi, Mariagrazia; Amako, Katsuya; Amaral, Pedro; Amelung, Christoph; Ammosov, Vladimir; Amorim, Antonio; Amors, Gabriel; Amram, Nir; Anastopoulos, Christos; Ancu, Lucian Stefan; Andari, Nansi; Andeen, Timothy; Anders, Christoph Falk; Anders, Gabriel; Anderson, Kelby; Andreazza, Attilio; Andrei, George Victor; Andrieux, Marie-Laure; Anduaga, Xabier; Angerami, Aaron; Anghinolfi, Francis; Anisenkov, Alexey; Anjos, Nuno; Annovi, Alberto; Antonaki, Ariadni; Antonelli, Mario; Antonov, Alexey; Antos, Jaroslav; Anulli, Fabio; Aoun, Sahar; Aperio Bella, Ludovica; Apolle, Rudi; Arabidze, Giorgi; Aracena, Ignacio; Arai, Yasuo; Arce, Ayana; Archambault, John-Paul; Arfaoui, Samir; Arguin, Jean-Francois; Arik, Engin; Arik, Metin; Armbruster, Aaron James; Arnaez, Olivier; Artamonov, Andrei; Artoni, Giacomo; Arutinov, David; Asai, Shoji; Asfandiyarov, Ruslan; Ask, Stefan; ?sman, Barbro; Asquith, Lily; Assamagan, Ketevi; Astbury, Alan; Astvatsatourov, Anatoli; Aubert, Bernard; Auge, Etienne; Augsten, Kamil; Aurousseau, Mathieu; Avolio, Giuseppe; Avramidou, Rachel Maria; Axen, David; Ay, Cano; Azuelos, Georges; Azuma, Yuya; Baak, Max; Baccaglioni, Giuseppe; Bacci, Cesare; Bach, Andre; Bachacou, Henri; Bachas, Konstantinos; Bachy, Gerard; Backes, Moritz; Backhaus, Malte; Badescu, Elisabeta; Bagnaia, Paolo; Bahinipati, Seema; Bai, Yu; Bailey, David; Bain, Travis; Baines, John; Baker, Oliver Keith; Baker, Mark; Baker, Sarah; Banas, Elzbieta; Banerjee, Piyali; Banerjee, Swagato; Banfi, Danilo; Bangert, Andrea Michelle; Bansal, Vikas; Bansil, Hardeep Singh; Barak, Liron; Baranov, Sergei; Barashkou, Andrei; Barbaro Galtieri, Angela; Barber, Tom; Barberio, Elisabetta Luigia; Barberis, Dario; Barbero, Marlon; Bardin, Dmitri; Barillari, Teresa; Barisonzi, Marcello; Barklow, Timothy; Barlow, Nick; Barnett, Bruce; Barnett, Michael; Baroncelli, Antonio; Barone, Gaetano; Barr, Alan; Barreiro, Fernando; Barreiro Guimares da Costa, Joo; Bartoldus, Rainer; Barton, Adam Edward; Bartsch, Valeria; Bates, Richard; Batkova, Lucia; Batley, Richard; Battaglia, Andreas; Battistin, Michele; Bauer, Florian; Bawa, Harinder Singh; Beale, Steven; Beare, Brian; Beau, Tristan; Beauchemin, Pierre-Hugues; Beccherle, Roberto; Bechtle, Philip; Beck, Hans Peter; Becker, Sebastian; Beckingham, Matthew; Becks, Karl-Heinz; Beddall, Andrew; Beddall, Ayda; Bedikian, Sourpouhi; Bednyakov, Vadim; Bee, Christopher; Begel, Michael; Behar Harpaz, Silvia; Behera, Prafulla; Beimforde, Michael; Belanger-Champagne, Camille; Bell, Paul; Bell, William; Bella, Gideon; Bellagamba, Lorenzo; Bellina, Francesco; Bellomo, Massimiliano; Belloni, Alberto; Beloborodova, Olga; Belotskiy, Konstantin; Beltramello, Olga; Ben Ami, Sagi; Benary, Odette; Benchekroun, Driss; Benchouk, Chafik; Bendel, Markus; Benekos, Nektarios; Benhammou, Yan; Benhar Noccioli, Eleonora; Benitez Garcia, Jorge-Armando; Benjamin, Douglas; Benoit, Mathieu; Bensinger, James; Benslama, Kamal; Bentvelsen, Stan; Berge, David; Bergeaas Kuutmann, Elin; Berger, Nicolas; Berghaus, Frank; Berglund, Elina; Beringer, Jrg; Bernat, Pauline; Bernhard, Ralf; Bernius, Catrin; Berry, Tracey; Bertella, Claudia; Bertin, Antonio; Bertinelli, Francesco; Bertolucci, Federico; Besana, Maria Ilaria; Besson, Nathalie; Bethke, Siegfried; Bhimji, Wahid; Bianchi, Riccardo-Maria; Bianco, Michele; Biebel, Otmar; Bieniek, Stephen Paul; Bierwagen, Katharina; Biesiada, Jed; Biglietti, Michela; Bilokon, Halina; Bindi, Marcello; Binet, Sebastien; Bingul, Ahmet; Bini, Cesare; Biscarat, Catherine; Bitenc, Urban; Black, Kevin; Blair, Robert; Blanchard, Jean-Baptiste

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Measurement of the ZZ production cross section in p p? collisions at ?s=1.96 TeV  

The authors present a new measurement of the production cross section ?(pp? = ZZ) at a center-of-mass energy ?s = 1.96 TeV, obtained from the analysis of the four charged lepton final state ?+?-?`+?`- (?, ?` = e or ?). They observe ten candidate events with an expected background of 0.37 0.13 events. The measured cross section ?(pp? =ZZ) = 1.26-0.37+0.47 (stat) 0.14 (syst) pb is in agreement with NLO QCD predictions. This result is combined with a previous result from the ZZ = ?+?- ??? channel resulting in a combined cross section of ?(pp? = ZZ) = 1.40-0.37+0.43 (stat) 0.14 (syst) pb.

Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich [Dubna, JINR; Abbott, Braden Keim [Oklahoma U.; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath [Tata Inst.; Adams, Mark Raymond [Illinois U., Chicago; Adams, Todd [Florida State U.; Alexeev, Guennadi D [Dubna, JINR; Alkhazov, Georgiy D [St. Petersburg, INP; Alton, Andrew K [Michigan U.; Augustana Coll., Sioux Falls; Alverson, George O [/Northeastern U.; Alves, Gilvan Augusto [Rio de Janeiro, CBPF; Ancu, Lucian Stefan [Nijmegen U.; Fermilab

2011-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

344

Measurement of the ZZ production cross section in p p? collisions at ?s=1.96 TeV  

SciTech Connect

The authors present a new measurement of the production cross section ?(pp? = ZZ) at a center-of-mass energy ?s = 1.96 TeV, obtained from the analysis of the four charged lepton final state ?+?-?`+?`- (?, ?` = e or ?). They observe ten candidate events with an expected background of 0.37 0.13 events. The measured cross section ?(pp? =ZZ) = 1.26-0.37+0.47 (stat) 0.14 (syst) pb is in agreement with NLO QCD predictions. This result is combined with a previous result from the ZZ = ?+?- ??? channel resulting in a combined cross section of ?(pp? = ZZ) = 1.40-0.37+0.43 (stat) 0.14 (syst) pb.

Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich [Dubna, JINR; Abbott, Braden Keim [Oklahoma U.; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath [Tata Inst.; Adams, Mark Raymond [Illinois U., Chicago; Adams, Todd [Florida State U.; Alexeev, Guennadi D [Dubna, JINR; Alkhazov, Georgiy D [St. Petersburg, INP; Alton, Andrew K [Michigan U.; Augustana Coll., Sioux Falls; Alverson, George O [/Northeastern U.; Alves, Gilvan Augusto [Rio de Janeiro, CBPF; Ancu, Lucian Stefan [Nijmegen U.; Fermilab

2011-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

345

Probing the isospin dependence of the in-medium nucleon-nucleon cross sections with radioactive beams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Within a transport model we search for potential probes of the isospin dependence of the in-medium nucleon-nucleon (NN) cross sections. Traditional measures of the nuclear stopping power are found sensitive to the magnitude but they are ambiguous for determining the isospin dependence of the in-medium NN cross sections. It is shown that isospin tracers, such as the neutron/proton ratio of free nucleons, at backward rapidities/angles in nuclear reactions induced by radioactive beams in inverse kinematics is a sensitive probe of the isospin dependence of the in-medium NN cross sections. At forward rapidities/angles, on the other hand, they are more sensitive to the density dependence of the symmetry energy. Measurements of the rapidity/angular dependence of the isospin transport in nuclear reactions will enable a better understanding of the isospin dependence of in-medium nuclear effective interactions.

Bao-An Li; Pawel Danielewicz; William G. Lynch

2005-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

346

Probing the isospin dependence of the in-medium nucleon-nucleon cross sections with radioactive beams  

SciTech Connect

Within a transport model we search for potential probes of the isospin dependence of the in-medium nucleon-nucleon (NN ) cross sections. Traditional measures of the nuclear stopping power are found to be sensitive to the magnitude but they are ambiguous for determining the isospin dependence of the in-medium NN cross sections. It is shown that isospin tracers, such as the neutron/proton ratio of free nucleons, at backward rapidities and angles in nuclear reactions induced by radioactive beams in inverse kinematics are a sensitive probe of the isospin dependence of the in-medium NN cross sections. At forward rapidities and angles, in contrast, they are more sensitive to the density dependence of the symmetry energy. Measurements of the rapidity and angular dependence of the isospin transport in nuclear reactions will enable a better understanding of the isospin dependence of in-medium nuclear effective interactions.

Li Baoan [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory and Department of Physics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); Department of Chemistry and Physics, Post Office Box 419, Arkansas State University, State University, Arkansas 72467-0419 (United States); Danielewicz, Pawel; Lynch, William G. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory and Department of Physics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States)

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Cross Sections for Neutron-induced Reactions on Actinide Targets Extracted from Surrogate Experiments: A Status Report  

SciTech Connect

The Surrogate nuclear reactions method, an indirect approach for determining cross sections for compound-nuclear reactions involving difficult-to-measure targets, is reviewed. Focusing on cross sections for neutron-induced reactions on actinides, we review the successes of past and present applications of the method and assess its uncertainties and limitations. The approximations used in the analyses of most experiments work reasonably well for (n,f) cross sections for neutron energies above 1-2 MeV, but lead to discrepancies for low-energy (n,f) reactions, as well as for (n,{gamma}) applications. Correcting for some of the effects neglected in the approximate analyses leads to improved (n,f) results. We outline steps that will further improve the accuracy and reliability of the Surrogate method and extend its applicability to reactions that cannot be approached with the present implementation of the method.

Escher, J E; Burke, J T; Dietrich, F S; Lesher, S R; Scielzo, N D; Thompson, I J; Younes, W

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Dissociative-ionization cross sections for 12-keV-electron impact on CO{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect

The dissociative ionization of a CO{sub 2} molecule is studied at an electron energy of 12 keV using the multiple ion coincidence imaging technique. The absolute partial ionization cross sections and the precursor-specific absolute partial ionization cross sections of resulting fragment ions are obtained and reported. It is found that {approx}75% of single ionization, 22% of double ionization, and {approx}2% of triple ionization of the parent molecule contribute to the total fragment ion yield; quadruple ionization of CO{sub 2} is found to make a negligibly small contribution. Furthermore, the absolute partial ionization cross sections for ion-pair and ion-triple formation are measured for nine dissociative ionization channels of up to a quadruply ionized CO{sub 2} molecule. In addition, the branching ratios for single-ion, ion-pair, and ion-triple formation are also determined.

Bhatt, Pragya; Singh, Raj; Yadav, Namita; Shanker, R. [Atomic Physics Laboratory, Department of Physics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005 (India)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

349

Workshop on electronic and ionic collision cross sections needed in the modeling of radiation interactions with matter: proceedings  

SciTech Connect

The term modeling in the Workship title refers to the mathematical analysis of the consequences of many collision processes for characterizing the physical stage of radiation actions. It requires as input some knowledge of collision cross sections. Traditionally, work on cross sections and work on the modeling are conducted by separate groups of scientists. It was the purpose of the Workshop to bring these two groups together in a forum that would promote effective communication. Cross-section workers described the status of their work and told what data were available or trustworthy. Modeling workers told what kind of data were needed or were most important. Twenty-two items from the workshop were prepared separately for the data base.

Not Available

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Experimental Cross Sections for Reactions of Heavy Ions and 208Pb, 209Bi, 238U, and 248Cm Targets  

SciTech Connect

The study of the reactions between heavy ions and {sup 208}Pb, {sup 209}Bi, {sup 238}U, and {sup 248} Cm targets was performed to look at the differences between the cross sections of hot and cold fusion reactions. Experimental cross sections were compared with predictions from statistical computer codes to evaluate the effectiveness of the computer code in predicting production cross sections. Hot fusion reactions were studied with the MG system, catcher foil techniques and the Berkeley Gas-filled Separator (BGS). 3n- and 4n-exit channel production cross sections were obtained for the {sup 238}U({sup 18}O,xn){sup 256-x}Fm, {sup 238}U({sup 22}Ne,xn){sup 260-x}No, and {sup 248}Cm({sup 15}N,xn){sup 263-x}Lr reactions and are similar to previous experimental results. The experimental cross sections were accurately modeled by the predictions of the HIVAP code using the Reisdorf and Schaedel parameters and are consistent with the existing systematics of 4n exit channel reaction products. Cold fusion reactions were examined using the BGS. The {sup 208}Pb({sup 48}Ca,xn){sup 256-x}No, {sup 208}Pb({sup 50}Ti,xn){sup 258-x}Rf, {sup 208}Pb({sup 51}V,xn){sup 259-x}Db, {sup 209}Bi({sup 50}Ti,xn){sup 259-x}Db, and {sup 209}Bi({sup 51}V,xn){sup 260-x}Sg reactions were studied. The experimental production cross sections are in agreement with the results observed in previous experiments. It was necessary to slightly alter the Reisdorf and Schaedel parameters for use in the HIVAP code in order to more accurately model the experimental data. The cold fusion experimental results are in agreement with current 1n- and 2n-exit channel systematics.

Patin, Joshua B.

2002-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

351

Measurement of the Inclusive Jet Cross Section in pp Collisions at sqrt[s]=7??TeV  

SciTech Connect

The inclusive jet cross section is measured in pp collisions with a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV at the LHC using the CMS experiment. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 34 inverse picobarns. The measurement is made for jet transverse momenta in the range 18-1100 GeV and for absolute values of rapidity less than 3. The measured cross section extends to the highest values of jet pT ever observed and, within the experimental and theoretical uncertainties, is generally in agreement with next-to-leading-order perturbative QCD predictions.

Chatrchyan, Serguei; et al.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Analyzing power and transversity cross sections for ?+p and ?-p elastic scattering from 471 to 687 MeV/c  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have obtained precise data on the analyzing power for ?+p and ?-p elastic scattering at 471, 547, 625, and 687 MeV/c using a transversely polarized target. Using our previously measured differential cross sections at the above beam momenta, we have determined the transversity cross sections and the bounds of the isospin triangle inequalities. Comparisons are made with the results of existing partial wave analyses by the Karlsruhe-Helsinki, Carnegie-Mellon UniversityLBL, and VPI groups. The ?+ predictions are in acceptable agreement with our data, while the agreement is less acceptable for ?-.

A. Mokhtari; A. D. Eichon; G. J. Kim; B. M. K. Nefkens; J. A. Wightman; D. H. Fitzgerald; W. J. Briscoe; M. E. Sadler

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Study of Neutron-Induced Fission Cross Sections of U, Am, and Cm at n{sub T}OF  

SciTech Connect

Neutron induced fission cross sections of several isotopes have been measured at the CERN n{sub T}OF spallation neutron facility. Between them some measurements involve isotopes ({sup 233}U, {sup 241}Am, {sup 243}Am, {sup 245}Cm) relevant for applications to nuclear technologies. The n{sub T}OF facility delivers neutrons with high instantaneous flux and in a wide energy range, from thermal up to 250 MeV. The experimental apparatus consists of an ionization chamber that discriminates fission fragments and {alpha} particles coming from natural radioactivity of the samples. All the measurements were performed referring to the standard cross section of {sup 235}U.

Milazzo, P. M.; Abbondanno, U.; Belloni, F.; Fujii, K. [INFN, Trieste (Italy); Aerts, G.; Andriamonje, S.; Berthoumieux, E.; Dridi, W.; Ferrant, L.; Gunsing, F.; Pancin, J.; Perrot, L.; Plukis, A.; Stephan, C.; Tassan-Got, L. [CNRS/IN2P3-IPN, Orsay (France); Alvarez, H.; Duran, I.; Paradela, C. [Universidade de Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Alvarez-Velarde, F.; Cano-Ott, D. [CIEMAT, Madrid (Spain)

2010-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

354

Isotopic Mo Neutron Total Cross Section Measurements in the Energy Range 1 to 620 keV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A series of new total cross section measurements for the stable molybdenum isotopes of 92,94,95,96,98,100Mo covering the energy range between 1 keV and 620 keV was performed at the Gaerttner LINAC Center at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. New high-accuracy resonance parameters were extracted from an analysis of the data using the multilevel R-matrix Bayesian code SAMMY. In the unresolved resonance region, average resonance parameters and fits to the total cross sections were obtained using the Bayesian Hauser-Feshbach statistical model code FITACS.

R. Bahran; D. Barry; G. Leinweber; M. Rapp; R. Block; A. Daskalakis; B. McDermott; S. Piela; E. Blain; Y. Danon

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Complete calculation of evaluated Maxwellian-averaged cross sections and their uncertainties for s-process nucleosynthesis  

SciTech Connect

Present contribution represents a significant improvement of our previous calculation of Maxwellian-averaged cross sections and astrophysical reaction rates. Addition of newly-evaluated neutron reaction libraries, such as ROSFOND and Low-Fidelity Covariance Project, and improvements in data processing techniques allowed us to extend it for entire range of sprocess nuclei, calculate Maxwellian-averaged cross section uncertainties for the first time, and provide additional insights on all currently available neutron-induced reaction data. Nuclear reaction calculations using ENDF libraries and current Java technologies will be discussed and new results will be presented.

Pritychenko, B.

2010-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

356

Macroscopic cross section generation and application for coupled spatial kinetics and thermal hydraulics analysis with SAS-DIF3DK  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the importance of modeling the transient behavior of multigroup cross sections in the context of coupled reactor physics and thermal-hydraulic computations with the SAS-DIF3DK computer code. The MACOEF macroscopic cross section methodology is presented. Results from benchmark verification calculations with a continuous-energy Monte Carlo are reported. Analysis of the Chernobyl accident is made using correlated WIMS-D4M generated group constants with special emphasis placed on the impact of modeling assumptions on the progression of the accident simulation.

Turski, R.B.; Morris, E.E.; Taiwo, T.A.; Cahalan, J.E.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

The Effect of Proton Energy on SEU Cross-Section of a 16Mbit TFT PMOS SRAM with DRAM Capacitors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proton experimental data are analyzed for a 16-Mbit Thin-Film-Transistor (TFT) PMOS Static Random Access Memory (SRAM) with DRAM capacitors. The presence of high-Z materials as tungsten causes an unusual increase of the Single Event Upset (SEU) proton cross-section for the energies above 100MeV. Monte-Carlo simulations reproduce the experimentally measured cross-sections up to 480MeV and predict a further increase up to GeV energies. The implications of this increase are analyzed in the context of the LHC and other radiation environments where a significant fraction of the fluence lies above 100MeV.

Slawosz, Uznanski; Ewart, Blackmore; Markus, Brugger; Remi, Gaillard; Julien, Mekki; Benjamin, Todd; Michael, Trinczek; Andrea, Vilar Villanueva

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Ratio of absorption cross section for Dirac fermion to that for scalar in the higher-dimensional black hole background  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ratio of the low-energy absorption cross section for Dirac fermion to that for minimally coupled scalar is computed when the spacetimes are various types of the higher-dimensional Reissner-Nordstr\\"{o}m black holes. It is found that the low-energy absorption cross sections for the Dirac fermion always goes to zero in the extremal limit regardless of the detailed geometry of the spacetime. The physical importance of our results is discussed in the context of the brane-world scenarios and string theories.

Eylee Jung; SungHoon Kim; D. K. Park

2005-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

359

COMBINE7.1 - A Portable ENDF/B-VII.0 Based Neutron Spectrum and Cross-Section Generation Program  

SciTech Connect

COMBINE7.1 is a FORTRAN 90 computer code that generates multigroup neutron constants for use in the deterministic diffusion and transport theory neutronics analysis. The cross-section database used by COMBINE7.1 is derived from the Evaluated Nuclear Data Files (ENDF/B-VII.0). The neutron energy range covered is from 20 MeV to 1.0E-5 eV. The Los Alamos National Laboratory NJOY code is used as the processing code to generate a 167 fine-group cross-section library in MATXS format for Bondarenko self-shielding treatment. Resolved resonance parameters are extracted from ENDF/B-VII.0 File 2 for a separate library to be used in an alternate Nordheim self-shielding treatment in the resolved resonance energy range. The equations solved for energy dependent neutron spectrum in the 167 fine-group structure are the B3 or B1 zero-dimensional approximations to the transport equation. The fine group cross sections needed for the spectrum calculation are first prepared by Bondarenko self-shielding interpolation in terms of background cross section and temperature. The geometric lump effect, when present, is accounted for by augmenting the background cross section. Nordheim self-shielded fine group cross sections for a material having resolved resonance parameters overwrite correspondingly the existing self-shielded fine group cross sections when this option is used. COMBINE7.1 coalesces fine group cross sections into broad group macroscopic and microscopic constants. The coalescing is performed by utilizing fine-group fluxes and/or currents obtained by spectrum calculation as the weighting functions. The multigroup constants may be output in any of several standard formats including INL format, ANISN 14** free format, CCCC ISOTXS format, and AMPX working library format. ANISN-PC, a one-dimensional (1-D) discrete-ordinate transport code, is incorporated into COMBINE7.1. As an option, the 167 fine-group constants generated by zero-dimensional COMBINE portion in the program can be used to calculate regionwise spectra in the 1-D ANISN portion, all internally to reflect the 1-D transport correction. The regionwise spectra are then used to generate mutigroup regionwise neutron constants. The 1-D neutron transport can be performed up to three stages, e.g., from a TRISO fuel to PEBBLE to 1-D full core wedge. In addition, COMBINE7.1 has now the capability of adjoint flux calculation through the 1-D ANISN transport. Photon transport capability is also added. For this, a photon production and photo-atomic cross section library, MATNG.LIB, was generated in MATXS format through NJOY code. The photon production cross section matrix is of 167 neutron - 18 photon groups. Photo-atomic cross sections, including heating, are in 18 energy groups.

Woo Y. Yoon; David W. Nigg

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Does neutron transfer with positive Q-values enhance sub-barrier fusion cross section?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

[Background] Significant enhancement of sub-barrier fusion cross sections owing to neutron rearrangement with positive $Q$-values were found for many combinations of colliding nuclei. However several experimental results on fusion reactions were reported recently in which such enhancement has not been observed in spite of a possibility for neutron rearrangement with positive $Q$-values. [Purpose] We aim to clarify much better the mechanism of neutron rearrangement in sub-barrier fusion reactions to find the other requirements (beside positive $Q$-value) which favour (or prevent) sub-barrier fusion enhancement. [Method] Channel coupling approach along with the semi-classical model for neutron transfer have been used for analysis of available experimental data. [Results] (1) Only 1n and 2n transfers with positive $Q$-values have a noticeable impact on sub-barrier fusion. Positive $Q$-value for neutron rearrangement is necessary but not sufficient requirement for additional sub-barrier fusion enhancement takes place. (2) "Rigidity" of colliding nuclei in respect of collective excitations is important that the sub-barrier fusion enhancement due to neutron rearrangement with positive $Q$-value be clearly visible. (3) Neutron binding energy in "donor" nucleus has a strong impact only in the case of fusion of light weakly bound nuclei.

V. A. Rachkov; A. V. Karpov; A. S. Denikin; V. I. Zagrebaev

2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical sonic cross-section" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

New Statistical Techniques in the Measurement of the inclusive Top Pair Production Cross Section  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present several different types of multivariate statistical techniques used in the measurement of the inclusive top pair production cross section in $p \\bar{p}$-collisions at $\\sqrt{s} = 1.96 \\text{TeV}$ employing the full RunII data ($9.7\\textrm{fb}^{-1}$) collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. We consider the final state of the top quark pair decays containing one electron or muon and at least two jets. We proceed various statistical homogeneity tests such as Anderson - Darling, Kolmogorov - Smirnov, and $\\varphi$-divergences tests to determine, which variables have good data-MC agreement, as well as a good separation power. We adjusted all tests for using weighted empirical distribution functions. Further we separate $t\\bar{t}$ signal from the background by the application of Generalized Linear Models, Gaussian Mixture Models), Neural Networks with Switching Units and confront them with familiar methods from ROOT TMVA package such as Boosted Decision Trees, and Multi-layer Per...

Franc, Ji?; t?pnek, Michal; K?s, Vclav

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Neutron capture in low mass Asymptotic Giant Branch stars: cross sections and abundance signatures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The recently improved information on the stellar (n,gamma) cross sections of neutron-magic nuclei at N = 82, and in particular of 142Nd, turned out to represent a sensitive test for models of s-process nucleosynthesis. While these data were found to be incompatible with the classical approach based on an exponential distribution of neutron exposures, they provide significantly better agreement between the solar abundance distribution of s nuclei and the predictions of models for low mass AGB stars. Particular attention is paid to a consistent description of s-process branchings in the region of the rare earth elements. It is shown that - in certain cases - the nuclear data are sufficiently accurate that the resulting abundance uncertainties can be completely attributed to stellar modelling. Thus, the s process becomes important for testing the role of different stellar masses and metallicities as well as for constraining the assumptions for describing the low neutron density provided by the 13C source.

C. Arlandini; F. Kaeppeler; K. Wisshak; R. Gallino; M. Lugaro; M. Busso; O. Straniero

1999-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

363

Multiperipheral and diffractive components of the total cross section in Gribov's Reggeon calculus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The usual classification of multiparticle processes into those with no large rapidity gaps (multiperipheral) and those with at least one large gap (diffractive) is made in the framework of Gribov's Reggeon calculus. (A rapidity gap is defined to be large if it exceeds a fixed, critical gap size ?c.) General formulas for the multiperipheral and diffractive contributions to the total cross section are obtained by cutting the leading Reggeon diagrams in the elastic amplitude and analyzing the intermediate states. The cutting procedure is always applied to physical Pomeranchukons. In obtaining our results, we assume that when a physical Pomeranchukon with rapidity span ? is cut, the probability p(?) of having a multiparticle intermediate state with no large rapidity gaps is given by p(?)=e-??, ?>0. This form is shown to be reasonable if long-range correlation effects are not important. Our results depend on the new parameter ?, which is of course a function of the critical gap size ?c. At CERN ISR energies, the Pomeranchukon-cut contributions are found to be very important, and must be included along with the pole contribution.

Uday P. Sukhatme and Carlos Pajares

1974-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Graphene based tunable fractal Hilbert curve array broadband radar absorbing screen for radar cross section reduction  

SciTech Connect

This paper proposes a new type of graphene based tunable radar absorbing screen. The absorbing screen consists of Hilbert curve metal strip array and chemical vapour deposition (CVD) graphene sheet. The graphene based screen is not only tunable when the chemical potential of the graphene changes, but also has broadband effective absorption. The absorption bandwidth is from 8.9GHz to 18.1GHz, ie., relative bandwidth of more than 68%, at chemical potential of 0eV, which is significantly wider than that if the graphene sheet had not been employed. As the chemical potential varies from 0 to 0.4eV, the central frequency of the screen can be tuned from 13.5GHz to 19.0GHz. In the proposed structure, Hilbert curve metal strip array was designed to provide multiple narrow band resonances, whereas the graphene sheet directly underneath the metal strip array provides tunability and averagely required surface resistance so to significantly extend the screen operation bandwidth by providing broadband impedance matching and absorption. In addition, the thickness of the screen has been optimized to achieve nearly the minimum thickness limitation for a nonmagnetic absorber. The working principle of this absorbing screen is studied in details, and performance under various incident angles is presented. This work extends applications of graphene into tunable microwave radar cross section (RCS) reduction applications.

Huang, Xianjun, E-mail: xianjun.huang@manchester.ac.uk [School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom); College of Electronic Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073 (China); Hu, Zhirun [School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom); Liu, Peiguo [College of Electronic Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073 (China)

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

365

Jet vetoes versus giant K-factors in the exclusive Z+1-jet cross section  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ATLAS measurement of the exclusive $Z$+1-jet cross section shows a surprising agreement with fixed-order predictions in the kinematic region expected to be dominated by large jet-veto logarithms. We identify the explanation for this effect: the jet-isolation criterion implemented by ATLAS allows dijet events where an energetic jet is collinear to a final-state lepton. This process contains a giant K-factor arising from the collinear emission of a Z-boson from the dijet configuration which overwhelms the effect of the jet-veto logarithms. We provide numerical results for 7 TeV, 8 TeV and 14 TeV LHC collisions that demonstrate the interplay between the jet-veto logarithms and the giant K-factor in the theoretical prediction. We suggest an alternate isolation criterion that removes the giant K-factor and allows for a direct test of the jet-veto resummation framework in the Z+1-jet process.

Boughezal, Radja; Liu, Xiaohui

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Validation of Nuclear Criticality Safety Software and 27 energy group ENDF/B-IV cross sections  

SciTech Connect

The validation documented in this report is based on calculations that were executed during June through August 1992, and was completed in June 1993. The statistical analyses in Appendix C and Appendix D were completed in October 1993. This validation gives Portsmouth NCS personnel a basis for performing computerized KENO V.a calculations using the Martin Marietta Nuclear Criticality Safety Software. The first portion of the document outlines basic information in regard to validation of NCSS using ENDF/B-IV 27-group cross sections on the IBM 3090 at ORNL. A basic discussion of the NCSS system is provided, some discussion on the validation database and validation in general. Then follows a detailed description of the statistical analysis which was applied. The results of this validation indicate that the NCSS software may be used with confidence for criticality calculations at the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant. When the validation results are treated as a single group, there is 95% confidence that 99.9% of future calculations of similar critical systems will have a calculated K{sub eff} > 0.9616. Based on this result the Portsmouth Nuclear Criticality Safety Department has adopted the calculational acceptance criteria that a k{sub eff} + 2{sigma} {le} 0.95 is safety subcritical. The validation of NCSS on the IBM 3090 at ORNL was extended to include NCSS on the IBM 3090 at K-25.

Lee, B.L. Jr.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Differential elastic electron-scattering cross sections of pyrimidine in the energy range between 20 eV and 1 keV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Differential elastic electron-scattering cross sections of pyrimidine were absolutely measured for electron energies from 20 eV to 1 keV in the angular range between 5 and 135. The present results agree with the data of other groups within the experimental uncertainties at scattering angles below 75 while considerable differences among the data were found at higher scattering angles. The experimental values were compared to theoretical values calculated using the modified independent-atom model. The theoretical values reproduce the angular dependence of the experimental differential elastic scattering cross sections qualitatively well for electron energies above 60 eV. The sum of the integral elastic scattering cross sections, obtained by the integration of the differential elastic scattering cross sections, and ionization cross sections predicted by the binary-encounter-Bethe model agree with the previously measured total electron-scattering cross sections of pyrimidine to within 8%.

W. Y. Baek; M. U. Bug; H. Rabus

2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

368

Measurement of the high-mass Drell-Yan cross section and limits on quark-electron compositeness scales  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a measurement of the Drell-Yan cross section at high dielectron invariant mass using 120 pb(-1) of data collected in p (p) over bar, collisions at root s = 1.8TeV by the D0 Collaboration during 1992-1996. No ...

Baringer, Philip S.

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING: 109, 341-349 (1991) Fission Cross-Section Measurements of 247Cm,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sections of the even curium iso- topes 242Cm,244Cm,246Cm,and 248Cmwere measured at Rensselaer Polytechnic-section measurement set for the curium isotopes. Einsteinium-254 has a short half-life of 276 days and therefore has a high alpha-particle activity. The fission cross section of such a heavy odd-odd nucleus is interesting

Danon, Yaron

370

New upper bound on the scattering cross section of slow neutrons on liquid parahydrogen from neutron transmission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The scattering of slow neutron beams provides unique, non-destructive, quantitative information on the structure and dynamics of materials of interest in physics, chemistry, materials science, biology, geology, and other fields. Liquid hydrogen is a widely-used neutron moderator medium, and an accurate knowledge of its slow neutron cross section is essential for the design and optimization of intense slow neutron sources. In particular the rapid drop of the slow neutron scattering cross section of liquid parahydrogen below 15 meV, which renders the moderator volume transparent to the neutron energies of most interest for scattering studies, is therefore especially interesting and important. We have placed an upper bound on the total cross section and the scattering cross section for slow neutrons with energies between 0.43 meV and 16.1 meV on liquid hydrogen at 15.6 K using neutron transmission measurements on the hydrogen target of the NPDGamma collaboration at the Spallation Neutron Source at Oak Ridge Nati...

Grammer, K B; Barrn-Palos, L; Blyth, D; Bowman, J D; Calarco, J; Crawford, C; Craycraft, K; Evans, D; Fomin, N; Fry, J; Gericke, M; Gillis, R C; Greene, G L; Hamblen, J; Hayes, C; Kucuker, S; Mahurin, R; Maldonado-Velzquez, M; Martin, E; McCrea, M; Mueller, P E; Musgrave, M; Nann, H; Penttil, S I; Snow, W M; Tang, Z; Wilburn, W S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Ground-based zenith sky abundances and in situ gas cross sections for ozone and nitrogen dioxide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ground-based zenith sky abundances and in situ gas cross sections for ozone and nitrogen dioxide, in situ ambient absorption gas cell mea- surements for ozone and nitrogen dioxide, and ground-based zenith for ozone and nitrogen dioxide that are retrieved from measured spectra of the zenith sky

Dirksen, Ruud

372

Calculated partial cross sections for the single-electron-capture process in the N5++He collision  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Partial cross sections of single-electron capture on the n=3 levels in the N5++He collision have been calculated by means of a semiclassical method using ab initio potential-energy curves and radial and rotational coupling matrix elements.

Marie-Christine Bacchus-Montabonel

1989-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

373

Stratigraphic cross section (G) of the Upper Devonian Perrysburg and Java Formations and their equivalents, Northwestern Pennsylvania  

SciTech Connect

The cross sections are of the Girard D92, Girard G129, Linesville B15, Linesville I59, Stoneboro D7, Mercer A4, Mercer G3, Zelienople A9, and Zelienople F10 locations in Erie, Crawford, Mercer, Lawrence, and Butler counties in Pennsylvania. (DLC)

Harper, J.A.; Abel, K.D.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

ENDF/B-VII.1 Nuclear Data for Science and Technology: Cross Sections, Covariances, Fission Product Yields and Decay Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

testing of the ENDF/B-VII.1 library is provided for a variety of quantities: For nuclear criticalityENDF/B-VII.1 Nuclear Data for Science and Technology: Cross Sections, Covariances, Fission Product Jozef Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia 11 Nuclear Research and Consultancy Group, P

Danon, Yaron

375

Translational energy dependence of cross sections for reactions of OH? (H2O) n with CO2 and SO2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A tandem mass spectrometer has been used to measure cross sections for reactions of the solvated negative ions OH?(H2O) n , where 0?n?3, with the neutral molecules CO2 and SO2 over the range of reactant translational energy 0.1525.0 eV (LAB...

Hierl, Peter M.; Paulson, John F.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Total Hadron Cross Section, New Particles, and Muon Electron Events in e{sup +}e{sup -} Annihilation at SPEAR  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

The review of total hadron electroproduction cross sections, the new states, and the muon--electron events includes large amount of information on hadron structure, nine states with width ranging from 10's of keV to many MeV, the principal decay modes and quantum numbers of some of the states, and limits on charm particle production. 13 references. (JFP)

Richter, B.

1976-01-00T23:59:59.000Z

377

Investigation of Neutron Characteristics for Salt Blanket Models; Integral Fission Cross Section Measurements of Neptunium, Plutonium, Americium and Curium Isotopes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neutron characteristics of salt blanket micromodels containing mixtures of sodium, zirconium and uranium sulphides were measured on FKBN-2M, BIGR and MAKET installations. The effective fission cross sections of neptunium, plutonium, americium and curium isotopes were measured on the neutron spectra formed by micromodels.

E. Fomushkin

2002-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

378

PHYSICAL REVIEW C 87, 054616 (2013) Microscopic in-medium nucleon-nucleon cross sections with improved Pauli blocking effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for nuclear reactions at intermediate energies (20 Elab 300 MeV/nucleon) and for nuclear structure in general the role of optical potentials commonly used in low energy reactions [8]. Examples such as knockout been typically employed to describe intermediate-energy HI reactions. In-medium two-body cross sections

Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

379

NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING: 124, 482-491 (1996) Fission Cross-Section Measurements of the Odd-Odd  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING: 124, 482-491 (1996) Fission Cross-Section Measurements of the Odd-Odd Isotopes 232Pa, 238Np, and 236Np Y. Danon* Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Department of Nuclear Engineering and Engineering Physics Troy, New York 12180 M. S. Moore, P. E. Koehler,t P. E. Littleton, G. G

Danon, Yaron

380

Measurement of the cross section for HD2\\HD,,v 3,j 0...D as a function of angle and energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measurement of the cross section for H¿D2\\HD,,v ?3,j ?0...¿D as a function of angle and energy is measured as a function of angle and collision energy from 1.39 to 1.85 eV. The plot of the cross section vs in the integral cross section ICS , which varies less than 25% over the energy range measured. Comparisons

Zare, Richard N.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical sonic cross-section" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Measurement of differential cross sections for the production of a pair of isolated photons in pp collisions at \\(\\sqrt{s}=7\\,\\text {TeV} \\)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A measurement of differential cross sections for the production of a pair of isolated photons in protonproton collisions at $$\\sqrt{s...

S. Chatrchyan; V. Khachatryan; A. M. Sirunyan

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Photoionization of Sc2+ ions by synchrotron radiation: Highresolution measurements and absolute cross sections in the photon energyrange 23-68 eV  

SciTech Connect

Cross sections for photoionization of doubly-chargedscandium ions has been measured using a merged-beams technique. Resultsare compared with the time-reversed process ofphotorecombination.

Stefan.E.Schippers@strz.uni-giessen.de

2002-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

383

EERE SBIR Case Study: Sonic Energy Improves Industrial Separation...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Sonic Energy Improves Industrial Separation and Mixing Processes EERE SBIR Case Study: Sonic Energy Improves Industrial Separation and Mixing Processes Advanced membrane separation...

384

Total Neutron Cross Section of Xe135 as a Function of Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The total neutron cross section of Xe135 as a function of energy has been remeasured at Oak Ridge National Laboratory under more favorable conditions than obtained in earlier measurements. A sample thickness of 2.51018 atoms of Xe135 gas per cm2 was procured from the gases generated in a homogeneous reactor. A mechanical time-of-flight chopper was used to select neutrons in the energy range from 0.01 ev to several thousand ev. The number of Xe135 atoms in the sample was determined by means of mass spectrometer measurements on the long-lived daughter, Cs135. The data of the low-energy resonance were fitted to the single-level Breit-Wigner formula, taking into account Doppler corrections, equally well with the following two sets of parameters: statistical weight factor g=38; resonance energy ?0=0.084720.00027 ev; neutron width at energy ?0, ?n0=0.034770.00021 ev; capture width, ??=0.0833030.00062 ev; for g=58, ?0=0.084150.00028 ev; ?n0=0.020570.00012 ev; ?a=0.094930.00071 ev. The errors quoted are the standard deviations derived from the statistics of the measurements. Systematic errors are discussed in the body of the paper. No evidence for resonances at energies greater than 0.085 ev was observed. The results described are interpreted in terms of recent considerations on the statistics of the properties of nuclear energy levels.

E. C. Smith, G. S. Pawlicki, P. E. F. Thurlow, G. W. Parker, W. J. Martin, G. E. Creek, P. M. Lantz, and S. Bernstein

1959-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

385

Electron induced dissociation of trimethyl (methylcyclopentadienyl) platinum (IV): Total cross section as a function of incident electron energy  

SciTech Connect

The total cross section has been measured for the electron induced dissociation of trimethyl (methylcyclopentadienyl) platinum (IV) [MeCpPt(IV)Me{sub 3}], a Pt precursor often used in focused electron beam induced processing (FEBIP), for incident electron energies ranging between 3-3 keV. Measurements were performed for the precursor in the adsorbed state under ultrahigh vacuum conditions. The techniques used in this study were temperature programmed desorption, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. Two surfaces were used in these experiments, amorphous carbon overlayers containing embedded Pt atoms (a:C-Pt), formed by the electron decomposition of the Pt precursor, and atomically clean Au. The results from these three experiments revealed a comparatively low total cross section at 8 eV (4.2+-0.3x10{sup -17} cm{sup 2} on the a:C-Pt and 1.4+-0.1x10{sup -17} cm{sup 2} on the Au) that increases with increasing incident electron energy, reaching a maximum at around 150 eV (4.1+-0.5x10{sup -16} cm{sup 2} on the a:C-Pt and 2.3+-0.2x10{sup -16} cm{sup 2} on the clean Au), before decreasing at higher incident electron energies, up to 3000 eV. Differences in the measured cross sections between Au and a:C-Pt surfaces demonstrate that the substrate can influence the reaction cross section of adsorbed species. Temperature programmed desorption was also used to measure the adsorption energy of MeCpPt(IV)Me{sub 3}, which was found to depend on both the substrate and the adsorbate coverage. The work in this paper demonstrates that surface science techniques can be used to quantitatively determine the total cross section of adsorbed FEBIP precursors for electron induced dissociation as a function of incident electron energy. These total cross section values are necessary to obtain quantitatively accurate information from FEBIP models and to compare the reaction efficiencies of different precursors on a quantitative basis.

Dorp, W. F. van [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Laboratory of Surface Modification, Rutgers, State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854-8019 (United States); Charged Particle Optics Group, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Delft University of Technology, Lorentzweg 1, 2628 CJ Delft (Netherlands); Wnuk, J. D.; Gorham, J. M.; Fairbrother, D. H. [Department of Chemistry, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States); Madey, T. E. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Laboratory of Surface Modification, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854-8019 (United States); Hagen, C. W. [Charged Particle Optics Group, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Delft University of Technology, Lorentzweg 1, 2628 CJ Delft (Netherlands)

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Similarity of Cross Sections for Peripheral Collisions at 20 MeV/A and 2.1 GeV/A  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Peripheral collisions between O16 and Pb208 are investigated at a laboratory energy of 315 MeV. The relative cross sections are remarkably similar to published cross sections measured at 33.6-GeV laboratory energy. They are compared with statistical models involving dinuclear systems and projectile fragmentation.

M. Buenerd; C. K. Gelbke; B. G. Harvey; D. L. Hendrie; J. Mahoney; A. Menchaca-Rocha; C. Olmer; D. K. Scott

1976-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Measurement of the ?b cross section and the [over bar]?[subscript b] ratio with J/?? decays in pp collisions at ?s = 7 TeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ?b differential production cross section and the cross section ratio ?(?b)/?(?b) are measured as functions of transverse momentum p?b[over]T and rapidity |y?b| in pp collisions at ?s = 7 TeV using data collected by ...

Bauer, Gerry P.

388

Top physics: measurement of the cross section for ttbar production in ppbar collisions using the kinematics of lepton + jets events  

SciTech Connect

We present a measurement of the top pair production cross section in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV. We collect a data sample with an integrated luminosity of 194 {+-} 11 pb{sup -1} with the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron. We use an artificial neural network technique to discriminate between top pair production and background processes in a sample of 519 lepton+jets events, which have one isolated energetic charged lepton, large missing transverse energy and at least three energetic jets. We measure the top pair production cross section to be {sigma}{sub t{bar t}} = 6.6 {+-} 1.1 {+-} 1.5 pb, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic.

Acosta, D.; The CDF Collaboration

2005-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

389

First measurement of the 14N(p,gamma)15O cross section down to 70 keV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In stars with temperatures above 20*10^6 K, hydrogen burning is dominated by the CNO cycle. Its rate is determined by the slowest process, the 14N(p,gamma)15O reaction. Deep underground in Italy's Gran Sasso laboratory, at the LUNA 400 kV accelerator, the cross section of this reaction has been measured at energies much lower than ever achieved before. Using a windowless gas target and a 4pi BGO summing detector, direct cross section data has been obtained down to 70 keV, reaching a value of 0.24 picobarn. The Gamow peak has been covered by experimental data for several scenarios of stable and explosive hydrogen burning. In addition, the strength of the 259 keV resonance has been remeasured. The thermonuclear reaction rate has been calculated for temperatures 90 - 300 *10^6 K, for the first time with negligible impact from extrapolations.

A. Lemut; D. Bemmerer; F. Confortola; R. Bonetti; C. Broggini; P. Corvisiero; H. Costantini; J. Cruz; A. Formicola; Zs. Fulop; G. Gervino; A. Guglielmetti; C. Gustavino; Gy. Gyurky; G. Imbriani; A. P. Jesus; M. Junker; B. Limata; R. Menegazzo; P. Prati; V. Roca; D. Rogalla; C. Rolfs; M. Romano; C. Rossi Alvarez; F. Schumann; E. Somorjai; O. Straniero; F. Strieder; F. Terrasi; H. P. Trautvetter

2006-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

390

Differential cross sections for single ionization of H{sub 2} by 75-keV proton impact  

SciTech Connect

We have calculated triply differential cross sections (TDCS) and doubly differential cross sections (DDCS) for single ionization of H{sub 2} by 75-keV proton impact using the molecular three-body distorted-wave-eikonal initial-state (M3DW-EIS) approach. Previously published measured DDCS (differential in the projectile scattering angle and integrated over the ejected electron angles) found pronounced structures at relatively large angles that were interpreted as an interference resulting from the two-centered potential of the molecule. Theory treating H{sub 2} as atomic H multiplied by a molecular interference factor only predicts the observed structure when assumptions are made about the molecular orientation. Here we apply the M3DW-EIS method, which does not rely on such an ad hoc approach, but rather treats the interference from first principles.

Chowdhury, U.; Schulz, M.; Madison, D. H. [Missouri University of Science and Technology, Department of Physics and Laboratory for Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Research, Rolla, Missouri 65401 (United States)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

391

ORIGEN-ARP Cross-Section Libraries for Magnox, Advanced Gas-Cooled, and VVER Reactor Designs  

SciTech Connect

Cross-section libraries for the ORIGEN-ARP system were extended to include four non-U.S. reactor types: the Magnox reactor, the Advanced Gas-Cooled Reactor, the VVER-440, and the VVER-1000. Typical design and operational parameters for these four reactor types were determined by an examination of a variety of published information sources. Burnup simulation models of the reactors were then developed using the SAS2H sequence from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory SCALE code system. In turn, these models were used to prepare the burnup-dependent cross-section libraries suitable for use with ORIGEN-ARP. The reactor designs together with the development of the SAS2H models are described, and a small number of validation results using spent-fuel assay data are reported.

Murphy, BD

2004-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

392

Parton distribution function dependence of benchmark Standard Model total cross sections at the 7 TeV LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compare predictions for the W, Z, gg->H and t-tbar total cross sections at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), for a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV, using the most recent publicly available next-to-leading order and next-to-next-to-leading order parton distribution functions (PDFs) from all PDF fitting groups. In particular, we focus on the dependence on the different values of the strong coupling, alpha_S(M_Z^2), used by each group. We also perform a comparison of the relevant quark-antiquark and gluon-gluon luminosity functions. We make some comments on the recent PDF4LHC recommendations. Finally, we discuss the comparison of data and theory for W and Z cross sections at the LHC.

Watt, G

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Parton distribution function dependence of benchmark Standard Model total cross sections at the 7 TeV LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compare predictions for the W, Z, gg->H and t-tbar total cross sections at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), for a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV, using the most recent publicly available next-to-leading order and next-to-next-to-leading order parton distribution functions (PDFs) from all PDF fitting groups. In particular, we focus on the dependence on the different values of the strong coupling, alpha_S(M_Z^2), used by each group. We also perform a comparison of the relevant quark-antiquark and gluon-gluon luminosity functions. We make some comments on the recent PDF4LHC recommendations. Finally, we discuss the comparison of data and theory for W and Z cross sections at the LHC.

G. Watt

2011-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

394

The 14C(n,g) cross section between 10 keV and 1 MeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The neutron capture cross section of 14C is of relevance for several nucleosynthesis scenarios such as inhomogeneous Big Bang models, neutron induced CNO cycles, and neutrino driven wind models for the r process. The 14C(n,g) reaction is also important for the validation of the Coulomb dissociation method, where the (n,g) cross section can be indirectly obtained via the time-reversed process. So far, the example of 14C is the only case with neutrons where both, direct measurement and indirect Coulomb dissociation, have been applied. Unfortunately, the interpretation is obscured by discrepancies between several experiments and theory. Therefore, we report on new direct measurements of the 14C(n,g) reaction with neutron energies ranging from 20 to 800 keV.

R. Reifarth; M. Heil; C. Forssen; U. Besserer; A. Couture; S. Dababneh; L. Doerr; J. Goerres; R. C. Haight; F. Kaeppeler; A. Mengoni; S. O'Brien; N. Patronis; R. Plag; R. S. Rundberg; M. Wiescher; J. B. Wilhelmy

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Latest results on differential cross sections as a function of kinematic variables at the LHC and Tevatron  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An overview of recent measurements of differential top quark pair ($t\\bar{t}$) production cross sections is presented, including results in boosted topologies and results both at parton and particle level. The first measurements of differential single top quark t-channel production cross sections in proton-proton collisions are as well presented. The results are obtained using data collected with the ATLAS and CMS experiments in proton-proton collisions at centre-of-mass energies of 7 TeV and 8 TeV. References to the latest results by the Tevatron experiments are also given. The data are compared with several predictions from perturbative QCD calculations up to approximate next-to-next-to-leading-order precision (approx. NNLO).

Pardos, C Diez

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Validation of KENO V.a with ENDF/B-V cross sections for {sup 233}U systems  

SciTech Connect

A multigroup Monte carlo code KENO V.a is maintained at the ORNL as part of the standardized cmoputer analysis for licensing evaluation (SCALE) system. Included in the SCALE system are the 238-and 44-energy group ENDF/B-V cross section libraries. The purpose of this work was to validate the ENDF/B-V and KENO V.a for uranium 233 systems.

Dunn, M.E.; Basoglu, B.; Bentley, C.L.; Haught, C.; Plaster, M.J.; Wilkinson, A.D.; Yamamoto, T.; Dodds, H.L. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

397

Behavior of the Cross Sections for Polonium Production in Nuclear Reactions of Ar40 with Dy104  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Excitation functions are reported for the reactions of Dy164 with Ar40 to produce Po200 and Po199. The cross sections are much smaller than the calculated values and it is concluded that this is due to an angular momentum cutoff and to a large fission width. The reaction threshold at a laboratory energy of 4.2 MeV per nucleon indicates a low Coulomb barrier (r0=1.45 fm).

Y. Le Beyec; M. Lefort; A. Vigny

1971-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Measurement of parity nonconservation in the proton-proton total cross section at 800 MeV  

SciTech Connect

A report is made of a measurement of parity nonconservation in the transmission of 800-MeV longitudinally polarized protons through an unpolarized, 1-m liquid-hydrogen target. The dependence of transmission on beam properties was studied to measure and to correct for systematic errors. The measured longitudinal asymmetry in the total cross section is A/sub L/ = (+2.4 +- 1.1 (statistical) +- 0.1 (systematic)) x 10/sup -7/. 25 refs., 2 figs.

Bowman, J.D.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Calculations of the cross sections for the neutron acceleration, slowing down, and capture by the isomer "OmHf  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Calculations of the cross sections for the neutron acceleration, slowing down, and capture for the isomer lsomHf in the energy range of the incoming neutron from 1keV to 5 MeV. Below 0.7 MeV the energy transferred to the neutron in the collision is positive on the average, i.e., the isomer is acting

Shlyakhter, Ilya

400

New measurement of cross section of evaporation residues from $^{\\textrm{nat}}$Pr+$^{12}$C reaction: A comparative study on the production of $^{149}$Tb  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Production cross sections of evaporation residues, $^{149}$Tb, $^{150}$Tb, $^{151}$Tb and $^{149}$Gd, have been measured using the stacked foil technique followed by off-line $\\gamma$-spectrometry in $^{12}$C induced reactions on naturally abundant mononuclidic praseodymium target in the 44-79 MeV incident energy range. Measured data have been interpreted comparing with previous measurements and theoretical prediction of nuclear reaction model code \\textsc{PACE4}. About 5% and 14% of the theoretical cross sections have been measured for $^{149}$Tb and $^{150}$Tb, respectively. The new cross sections of $^{149}$Tb complement those measured earlier by $\\alpha$-spectrometry. Cross sections of $^{151}$Tb are comparable to the theory. Cumulative cross section of $^{149}$Gd sheds light on the nuclear reaction mechanism. In addition, a discussion has been made to show the feasibility of producing $^{149}$Tb in $p$- and $\\alpha$-induced reactions on gadolinium isotopes.

Moumita Maiti

2011-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

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401

Measurement of neutrino-induced charged-current charged pion production cross sections on mineral oil at E??1??GeV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using a high-statistics, high-purity sample of ??-induced charged current, charged pion events in mineral oil (CH2), MiniBooNE reports a collection of interaction cross sections for this process. This includes measurements of the CC?+ cross section as a function of neutrino energy, as well as flux-averaged single- and double-differential cross sections of the energy and direction of both the final-state muon and pion. In addition, each of the single-differential cross sections are extracted as a function of neutrino energy to decouple the shape of the MiniBooNE energy spectrum from the results. In many cases, these cross sections are the first time such quantities have been measured on a nuclear target and in the 1GeV energy range.

A. A. Aguilar-Arevalo et al. (MiniBooNE Collaboration)

2011-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

402

Estimation of the breakup cross sections in $^6$He+$^{12}$C reaction within high-energy approximation and microscopic optical potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The breakup cross sections in the reaction $^6$He+$^{12}$C are calculated at about 40 MeV/nucleon using the high-energy approximation (HEA) and with the help of microscopic optical potentials (OP) of interaction with the target nucleus $^{12}$C of the projectile nucleus fragments $^4$He and 2n. Considering the di-neutron $h$=2n as a single particle the relative motion $h\\alpha$ wave function is estimated so that to explain both the separation energy of $h$ in $^6$He and the rms radius of the latter. The stripping and absorbtion total cross sections are calculated and their sum is compared with the total reaction cross section obtained within a double-folding microscopic OP for the $^6$He+$^{12}$C scattering. It is concluded that the breakup cross sections contribute in about 50% of the total reaction cross section.

E. V. Zemlyanaya; V. K. Lukyanov; K. V. Lukyanov

2010-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

403

Influence of Surface Preparation on Scanning Kelvin Probe Microscopy and Electron Backscatter Diffraction Analysis of Cross Sections of CdTe/CdS Solar Cells: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

In this work we investigated different methods to prepare cross sections of CdTe/CdS solar cells for EBSD and SKPM analyses. We observed that procedures used to prepare surfaces for EBSD are not suitable to prepare cross sections, and we were able to develop a process using polishing and ion-beam milling. This process resulted in very good results and allowed us to reveal important aspects of the cross section of the CdTe film. For SKPM, polishing and a light ion-beam milling resulted in cross sections that provided good data. We were able to observe the depletion region on the CdTe film and the p-n junction as well as the interdiffusion layer between CdTe and CdS. However, preparing good-quality cross sections for SKPM is not a reproducible process, and artifacts are often observed.

Moutinho, H. R.; Dhere, R. G.; Jiang, C. S.; Al-Jassim, M. M.

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Determination of the thermal neutron induced 41Ca(n,p)41K and 41Ca(n,?)38Ar reaction cross sections  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The 41Ca(n,p)41K and 41Ca(n,?)38Ar reaction cross sections were determined with thermal neutrons at the high flux reactor of the ILL in Grenoble. For the 41Ca(nth,p)41K reaction cross section, a value of (72)?mb was obtained. In the case of the 41Ca(nth,?)38Ar reaction, the transition to the ground state in 38Ar has a cross section ?(nth,?0)?=?(426)?mb, the most prominent decay going to the first excited state in 38Ar with a cross section ?(nth,?1)?=?(13025)?mb. This can be explained by the presence of a nearby bound level with J?=4-. Also 41Ca(nth,??)38Ar transitions have been observed with a cross section of (102)?mb. The primary ? transitions are shown to have a M1 multipolarity.

C. Wagemans; R. Bieber; H. Weigmann; P. Geltenbort

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Double di ffential fragmentation cross sections measurements of 95 MeV/u 12C on thin targets for hadrontherapy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During therapeutic treatment with heavy ions like carbon, the beam undergoes nuclear fragmentation and secondary light charged particles, in particular protons and alpha particles, are produced. To estimate the dose deposited into the tumors and the surrounding healthy tissues, an accurate prediction on the fluences of these secondary fragments is necessary. Nowadays, a very limited set of double di ffential carbon fragmentation cross sections are being measured in the energy range used in hadrontherapy (40 to 400 MeV/u). Therefore, new measurements are performed to determine the double di ffential cross section of carbon on di erent thin targets. This work describes the experimental results of an experiment performed on May 2011 at GANIL. The double di ffential cross sections and the angular distributions of secondary fragments produced in the 12C fragmentation at 95 MeV/u on thin targets (C, CH2, Al, Al2O3, Ti and PMMA) have been measured. The experimental setup will be precisely described, the systematic error study will be explained and all the experimental data will be presented.

J. Dudouet; D. Juliani; J. C. Ang elique; B. Braunn; J. Colin; D. Cussol; Ch. Finck; J. M. Fontbonne; H. Gu erin; P. Henriquet; J. Krimmer; M. Labalme; M. Rousseau; M. G. Saint-Laurent; S. Salvador

2013-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

406

Measurement of the neutrino neutral-current elastic differential cross section on mineral oil at E??1??GeV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report a measurement of the flux-averaged neutral-current elastic differential cross section for neutrinos scattering on mineral oil (CH2) as a function of four-momentum transferred squared, Q2. It is obtained by measuring the kinematics of recoiling nucleons with kinetic energy greater than 50MeV which are readily detected in MiniBooNE. This differential cross-section distribution is fit with fixed nucleon form factors apart from an axial mass MA that provides a best fit for MA=1.390.11??GeV. Using the data from the charged-current neutrino interaction sample, a ratio of neutral-current to charged-current quasielastic cross sections as a function of Q2 has been measured. Additionally, single protons with kinetic energies above 350MeV can be distinguished from neutrons and multiple nucleon events. Using this marker, the strange quark contribution to the neutral-current axial vector form factor at Q2=0, ?s, is found to be ?s=0.080.26.

A. A. Aguilar-Arevalo et al. (MiniBooNE Collaboration)

2010-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

407

Fragmentation cross sections of 28Si at beam energies from 290AMeV to 1200A MeV  

SciTech Connect

In planning for long-duration spaceflight, it will beimportant to accurately model the exposure of astronauts to heavy ions inthe Galactic Cosmic Rays (GCR). As part of an ongoing effort to improveheavy-ion transport codes that will be used in designing futurespacecraft and habitats, fragmentation cross sections of 28Si have beenmeasured using beams with extracted energies from 290A MeV to 1200A MeV,spanning most of the peak region of the energy distribution of siliconions in the GCR. Results were obtained for six elemental targets:hydrogen, carbon, aluminum, copper, tin, and lead. The charge-changingcross sections are found to be energy-independent within the experimentaluncertainties, except for those on the hydrogen target. Cross sectionsfor the heaviest fragments are found to decrease slightly with increasingenergy for lighter targets, but increase with energy for tin and leadtargets. The cross sections are compared to previous measurements atsimilar energies, and to predictions of the NUCFRG2 model used by NASA toevaluate radiation exposures in flight. For charge-changing crosssections, reasonable agreement is found between the present experimentand those of Webber, et al. and Flesch, et al., and NUCFRG2 agrees withthe data to within 3 percent in most cases. Fragment cross sections showless agreement between experiments, and there are substantial differencesbetween NUCFRG2 predictions andthe data.

Zeitlin, C.; Fukumura, A.; Guetersloh, S.B.; Heilbronn, L.H; Iwata, Y.; Miller, J.; Murukami, T.

2006-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

408

Spin-dependence of the electron scattering cross section by a magnetic layer system and the magneto-resistance  

SciTech Connect

The authors present a theoretical model for calculating the spin-dependent cross section of the scattering of electrons by a magnetic layer system. The model demonstrates that the cross sections of the scattering are different for spin up and spin down electrons. The model assumes that the electrical resistivity in a conductor is proportional to the scattering cross section of the electron in it. It is believed to support the two channel mechanism in interpreting magneto-resistance (MR). Based on the model without considering the scattering due to the interfacial roughness and the spin flipping scattering, the authors have established a relationship between MR and the square of the magnetic moment in the bulk sample without considering the scattering due to the interfacial roughness and the spin flipping scattering. It can also qualitatively explain the MR difference between the current in plane (CIP) and current perpendicular to the plane (CPP) configurations. The predictions by the model agree well with the experimental findings.

Wang, J.T.; Tang, F.; Brown, W.D.; Bagayoko, D. (Southern Univ. and A and M College, Baton Rouge, LA (United States). Physics Dept.)

1998-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

409

A measurement of the neutral current neutrino-nucleon elastic cross section at MiniBooNE  

SciTech Connect

The neutral current neutrino-nucleon elastic interaction {nu} N {yields} {nu} N is a fundamental process of the weak interaction ideally suited for characterizing the structure of the nucleon neutral weak current. This process comprises {approx}18% of neutrino events in the neutrino oscillation experiment, MiniBooNE, ranking it as the experiment's third largest process. Using {approx}10% of MiniBooNE's available neutrino data, a sample of these events were identified and analyzed to determine the differential cross section as a function of the momentum transfer of the interaction, Q{sup 2}. This is the first measurement of a differential cross section with MiniBooNE data. From this analysis, a value for the nucleon axial mass M{sub A} was extracted to be 1.34 {+-} 0.25 GeV consistent with previous measurements. The integrated cross section for the Q{sup 2} range 0.189 {yields} 1.13 GeV{sup 2} was calculated to be (8.8 {+-} 0.6(stat) {+-} 0.2(syst)) x 10{sup -40} cm{sup 2}.

Cox, David Christopher; /Indiana U.

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

CROSS SECTION MEASUREMENTS IN THE MAIN INJECTOR PARTICLE PRODUCTION (FNAL-E907) EXPERIMENT AT 58 GEV ENERGY  

SciTech Connect

Cross-sections are presented for 58 GeV {pi}, K, and p on a wide range of nuclear targets. These cross-sections are essential for determining the neutrino flux in measurements of neutrino cross-sections and oscillations. The E907 Main Injector Particle Production (MIPP) experiment at Fermilab is a fixed target experiment for measuring hadronic particle production using primary 120 GeV/c protons and secondary {pi}, K, and p beams. The particle identification is made by dE/dx in a time projection chamber, and by time-of-flight, differential Cherenkov and ring imaging Cherenkov detectors, which together cover a wide range of momentum from 0.1 GeV/c up to 120 GeV/c. MIPP targets span the periodic table, from hydrogen to uranium, including beryllium and carbon. The MIPP has collected {approx} 0.26 x 10{sup 6} events of 58 GeV/c secondary particles produced by protons from the main injector striking a carbon target.

Gunaydin, Yusuf Oguzhan; /Iowa U.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Sonic facade, creating a sounding architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While architecture inherently makes sound when people and the environment interact with it, architects seldom orchestrate a building to produce sound. This thesis proposes a sonic facade that turns an existing building ...

Granville, Alina (Alina T.)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

ENDF/B-VII.1 Neutron Cross Section Data Testing with Critical Assembly Benchmarks and Reactor Experiments  

SciTech Connect

The ENDF/B-VII.1 library is the latest revision to the United States' Evaluated Nuclear Data File (ENDF). The ENDF library is currently in its seventh generation, with ENDF/B-VII.0 being released in 2006. This revision expands upon that library, including the addition of new evaluated files (was 393 neutron files previously, now 418 including replacement of elemental vanadium and zinc evaluations with isotopic evaluations) and extension or updating of many existing neutron data files. Complete details are provided in the companion paper [1]. This paper focuses on how accurately application libraries may be expected to perform in criticality calculations with these data. Continuous energy cross section libraries, suitable for use with the MCNP Monte Carlo transport code, have been generated and applied to a suite of nearly one thousand critical benchmark assemblies defined in the International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project's International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments. This suite covers uranium and plutonium fuel systems in a variety of forms such as metallic, oxide or solution, and under a variety of spectral conditions, including unmoderated (i.e., bare), metal reflected and water or other light element reflected. Assembly eigenvalues that were accurately predicted with ENDF/B-VII.0 cross sections such as unmoderated and uranium reflected 235U and 239Pu assemblies, HEU solution systems and LEU oxide lattice systems that mimic commercial PWR configurations continue to be accurately calculated with ENDF/B-VII.1 cross sections, and deficiencies in predicted eigenvalues for assemblies containing selected materials, including titanium, manganese, cadmium and tungsten are greatly reduced. Improvements are also confirmed for selected actinide reaction rates such as 236U capture. Other deficiencies, such as the overprediction of Pu solution system critical eigenvalues and a decreasing trend in calculated eigenvalue for 233U fueled systems as a function of Above-Thermal Fission Fraction remain. The comprehensive nature of this critical benchmark suite and the generally accurate calculated eigenvalues obtained with ENDF/B-VII.1 neutron cross sections support the conclusion that this is the most accurate general purpose ENDF/B cross section library yet released to the technical community.

G. Palmiotti

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Fragmentation cross sections of Fe^{26+}, Si^{14+} and C^{6+} ions of 0.3-10 A GeV on polyethylene, CR39 and aluminum targets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present new measurements of the total and partial fragmentation cross sections in the energy range 0.3-10 A GeV of 56Fe, 28Si and 12C beams on polyethylene, CR39 and aluminum targets. The exposures were made at BNL, USA and HIMAC, Japan. The CR39 nuclear track detectors were used to identify the incident and survived beams and their fragments. The total fragmentation cross sections for all targets are almost energy independent while they depend on the target mass. The measured partial fragmentation cross sections are also discussed.

Cecchini, S; Giacomelli, G; Giorgini, M; Kumar, A; Mandrioli, G; Manzoor, S; Margiotta, A R; Medinaceli, E; Patrizii, L; Popa, V; Qureshi, I E; Sirri, G; Spurio, M; Togo, V

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Fragmentation cross sections of Fe^{26+}, Si^{14+} and C^{6+} ions of 0.3-10 A GeV on CR39, polyethylene and aluminum targets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New measurements of the total and partial fragmentation cross sections in the energy range 0.3-10 A GeV of Fe^{26+}, Si^{14+} and C^{6+} beams on polyethylene, CR39 and aluminum targets are presented. The exposures were made at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), USA, and Heavy Ion Medical Accelerator in Chiba (HIMAC), Japan. The CR39 nuclear track detectors were used to identify the incident and survived beams and their fragments. The total fragmentation cross sections for all targets are almost energy independent while they depend on the target mass. The measured partial fragmentation cross sections are also discussed.

Miriam Giorgini

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Fragmentation cross sections of Fe^{26+}, Si^{14+} and C^{6+} ions of 0.3-10 A GeV on polyethylene, CR39 and aluminum targets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present new measurements of the total and partial fragmentation cross sections in the energy range 0.3-10 A GeV of 56Fe, 28Si and 12C beams on polyethylene, CR39 and aluminum targets. The exposures were made at BNL, USA and HIMAC, Japan. The CR39 nuclear track detectors were used to identify the incident and survived beams and their fragments. The total fragmentation cross sections for all targets are almost energy independent while they depend on the target mass. The measured partial fragmentation cross sections are also discussed.

S. Cecchini; T. Chiarusi; G. Giacomelli; M. Giorgini; A. Kumar; G. Mandrioli; S. Manzoor; A. R. Margiotta; E. Medinaceli; L. Patrizii; V. Popa; I. E. Qureshi; G. Sirri; M. Spurio; V. Togo

2008-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

416

Fragmentation cross sections of Fe^{26+}, Si^{14+} and C^{6+} ions of 0.3-10 A GeV on CR39, polyethylene and aluminum targets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New measurements of the total and partial fragmentation cross sections in the energy range 0.3-10 A GeV of Fe^{26+}, Si^{14+} and C^{6+} beams on polyethylene, CR39 and aluminum targets are presented. The exposures were made at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), USA, and Heavy Ion Medical Accelerator in Chiba (HIMAC), Japan. The CR39 nuclear track detectors were used to identify the incident and survived beams and their fragments. The total fragmentation cross sections for all targets are almost energy independent while they depend on the target mass. The measured partial fragmentation cross sections are also discussed.

Giorgini, Miriam

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Collision cross sections and equilibrium fractions of ions and atoms in metal vapor targets. Project progress report, June 1, 1979-May 31, 1980  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this program is to measure atomic collision cross sections and equilibrium fractions of ions and atoms in metal vapor targets. The goal is to obtain experimental information on atomic collision processes relevant to the Magnetic Fusion Energy Program. In particular, in connection with the development of double charge exchange D/sup -/ ion sources, we are measuring D/sup -/ formation cross sections in alkaline-earth metal vapor targets. During the period covered in this report we have measured electron transfer cross sections for 3-40 keV D/sup +/ ions and D/sup 0/ atoms in collision with calcium vapor.

Morgan, T J

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

How Many Muons Do We Need to Store in a Ring For Neutrino Cross-Section Measurements?  

SciTech Connect

Analytical estimate of the number of muons that must decay in the straight section of a storage ring to produce a neutrino & anti-neutrino beam of sufficient intensity to facilitate cross-section measurements with a statistical precision of 1%. As we move into the era of precision long-baseline {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub e} and {bar {nu}}{sub {mu}} {yields} {bar {nu}}{sub e} measurements there is a growing need to precisely determine the {nu}{sub e} and {bar {nu}}{sub e} cross-sections in the relevant energy range, from a fraction of 1 GeV to a few GeV. This will require {nu}{sub e} and {bar {nu}}{sub e} beams with precisely known fluxes and spectra. One way to produce these beams is to use a storage ring with long straight sections in which muon decays ({mu}{sup -} {yields} e{sup -}{nu}{sub {mu}}{bar {nu}}{sub e} if negative muons are stored, and {nu}{sup +} {yields} e{sup +}{nu}{sub e}{bar {nu}}{sub {mu}} if positive muons are stored) produce the desired beam. The challenge is to capture enough muons in the ring to obtain useful neutrino and anti-neutrino fluxes. Early proposals to use a muon storage ring for neutrino oscillation experiments were based upon injecting 'high energy' charged pions into the ring which then decayed to create stored muons. These proposals were hampered by lack of sufficient intensity to pursue the physics. The Neutrino Factory proposal in 1997 was designed to fix this problem by using a Muon Collider class 'low energy' muon source to capture many more pions at low energy, allow them to decay in an external decay channel, manipulate their phase space to capture as many muons as possible within the acceptance of an accelerator, and then accelerate to the energy of choice before injecting into a specially designed ring with long straight sections. All this technology would do a wonderful job in fixing the intensity problem, but at a price that excludes this solution from being realized in the short term. The question that we are now faced with is whether the older, lower intensity 'parasitic' muon storage ring based on 'high energy' pion decays can, with suitable modification, produce sufficient intensity to measure the desired cross-sections. Fortunately, the intensity requirements for cross-section measurements are less demanding than the corresponding requirements for oscillation measurements, so there is hope. To fuel the discussion, in this note we consider the design goal: how many muons do we need to store?

Geer, Steve; /Fermilab

2011-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

419

Half of internal inductance plus poloidal beta and plasma position in a circular cross-section tokamak  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A special analytical solution of the GradShafranov equation (GSE) is presented with source functions, where the plasma pressure is linear in ? and the squared poloidal current has both a quadratic and a linear ? term. Half of internal inductance plus poloidal beta and plasma position have been calculated for a typical discharge of IR-T1 tokamak with circular cross-section. In the presented solution, six parameters are measured by the magnetic measurements. The calculated parameters approach the values measured by discrete magnetic coils in the middle of IR-T1 discharge.

A Rahimi-Rad; M Ghoranneviss; S Mohammadi; R Arvin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Total and Partial Fragmentation Cross-Section of 500 MeV/nucleon Carbon Ions on Different Target Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By using an experimental setup based on thin and thick double-sided microstrip silicon detectors, it has been possible to identify the fragmentation products due to the interaction of very high energy primary ions on different targets. Here we report total and partial cross-sections measured at GSI (Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung), Darmstadt, for 500 MeV/n energy $^{12}C$ beam incident on water (in flasks), polyethylene, lucite, silicon carbide, graphite, aluminium, copper, iron, tin, tantalum and lead targets. The results are compared to the predictions of GEANT4 (v4.9.4) and FLUKA (v11.2) Monte Carlo simulation programs.

Behcet Alpat; Ercan Pilicer; Sandor Blasko; Diego Caraffini; Francesco Di Capua; Vasile Postolache; Giorgio Saltanocchi; Mauro Menichelli; Laurent Desorgher; Marco Durante; Radek Pleskac; Chiara La Tessa

2014-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical sonic cross-section" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Neutron-Deuteron and Neutron-Neutron Total Cross Sections in the Range 25-60 MeV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measurements of the n-d total cross section to a precision of 1% are reported for the energy range 25-60 MeV. Nearly monoenergetic neutron beams were used whose energy was determined to about 100 keV. The experimental values of ?nd for energies ?36 MeV are several percent larger than previous measurements in this range. Assuming charge symmetry, ?nn can be calculated from the T=1 phase shifts. The differences between experimental values of (?nd-?np) and ?nn calculations are small and fairly well accounted for by correction terms based on the method of Glauber.

F. P. Brady; W. J. Knox; R. L. Walraven; J. L. Romero

1972-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

New isotope 44Si and systematics of the production cross sections of the most neutron-rich nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The results of measurements of the production of neutron-rich nuclei by the fragmentation of a 48Ca beam at 142 MeV/u are presented. Evidence was found for the production of a new isotope that is the most neutron-rich silicon nuclide, 44Si, in a net neutron pick-up process. A simple systematic framework was found to describe the production cross sections based on thermal evaporation from excited prefragments that allows extrapolation to other weak reaction products.

O. B. Tarasov; T. Baumann; A. M. Amthor; D. Bazin; C. M. Folden III; A. Gade; T. N. Ginter; M. Hausmann; M. Matos; D. J. Morrissey; A. Nettleton; M. Portillo; A. Schiller; B. M. Sherrill; A. Stolz; M. Thoennessen

2007-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

423

Nuclear criticality safety evaluation of {sup 233}U storage configurations using ENDF/B-V cross sections  

SciTech Connect

Uranium-233 is currently stored in various chemical and physical forms in the Radiochernical Processing Plant (building 3019) and the Molten Salt Reactor (MSR) Facility (building 7503) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Criticality safety is an important concern that must be addressed in the storage of this fissile material for both normal and credible abnormal conditions. The purpose of the current work is to perform a criticality safety evaluation of the {sup 233}U inventory at ORNL using KENO V.a with ENDF/B-V cross sections.

Dunn, M.E.; Basoglu, B.; Bentley, C.L.; Goluoglu, S.; Haught, C.; Plaster, M.J.; Wilkinson, A.D.; Yamamoto, T.; Dodds, H.L. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

424

RPA calculation of $K^+$-nucleus cross-sections with a density-dependent Brueckner-Hartree-Fock NN interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the calculation of the $K^+$-nucleus cross sections, the coupling of the mesons exchanged between the $K^+$ and the target nucleons to the polarization of the Fermi and Dirac seas has been taken into account. This polarization has been calculated in the one-loop approximation but summed up to all orders (RPA approximation). For this calculation a density-dependent Brueckner-Hartree-Fock NN interaction providing a good description of both nuclear matter and finite nuclei has been used. The agreement with experiment is considerably improved.

J. C. Caillon; J. Labarsouque

1994-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

425

New data on activation cross section for deuteron induced reactions on ytterbium up to 50 MeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Activation cross sections of deuteron induced reactions on ytterbium for production of $^{177g,173,172,171,170,169,167}$Lu, $^{177,175,169}$Yb and $^{173,168,167,165}$Tm were extended up to 50 MeV deuteron energy. The new data are in acceptable agreement with the earlier experimental data in the overlapping energy region. The experimental data are compared with the predictions of the ALICE-D, EMPIRE-D and TALYS 1.4 (TENDL-2013 on-line library results) codes.

Trknyi, F; Takcs, S; Hermanne, A; Ignatyuk, A V

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Determining SUSY model parameters and masses at the LHC using cross-sections, kinematic edges and other observables.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ar X iv :h ep -p h/ 05 08 14 3v 2 3 0 A ug 2 00 5 Preprint typeset in JHEP style - HYPER VERSION CAV-HEP-2005-15 ATL-PHYS-PUB-2005-013 ATL-COM-PHYS-2005-033 Determining SUSY model parameters and masses at the LHC using cross-sections, kinematic... with the endpoint mea- surements. Note that p(m|eobs) is the equivalent of the P ?(x) defined later on in equation (A.2), as it is defined only up to an unknown normalisation constant. So, in order to plot the probability distribution, one follows the following...

Lester, Christopher G; Parker, Michael A; White, Martin J

427

New data on activation cross section for deuteron induced reactions on ytterbium up to 50 MeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Activation cross sections of deuteron induced reactions on ytterbium for production of $^{177g,173,172,171,170,169,167}$Lu, $^{177,175,169}$Yb and $^{173,168,167,165}$Tm were extended up to 50 MeV deuteron energy. The new data are in acceptable agreement with the earlier experimental data in the overlapping energy region. The experimental data are compared with the predictions of the ALICE-D, EMPIRE-D and TALYS 1.4 (TENDL-2013 on-line library results) codes.

F. Trknyi; F. Ditri; S. Takcs; A. Hermanne; A. V. Ignatyuk

2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

428

Production Well Performance Enhancement using Sonication Technology  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project was to develop a sonic well performance enhancement technology that focused on near wellbore formation damage. In order to successfully achieve this objective, a three-year project was defined. The entire project was broken into four tasks. The overall objective of all this was to foster a better understanding of the mechanisms involved in sonic energy interactions with fluid flow in porous media and adapt such knowledge for field applications. The fours tasks are: Laboratory studies Mathematical modeling Sonic tool design and development Field demonstration The project was designed to be completed in three years; however, due to budget cuts, support was only provided for the first year, and hence the full objective of the project could not be accomplished. This report summarizes what was accomplished with the support provided by the US Department of Energy. Experiments performed focused on determining the inception of cavitation, studying thermal dissipation under cavitation conditions, investigating sonic energy interactions with glass beads and oil, and studying the effects of sonication on crude oil properties. Our findings show that the voltage threshold for onset of cavitation is independent of transducer-hydrophone separation distance. In addition, thermal dissipation under cavitation conditions contributed to the mobilization of deposited paraffins and waxes. Our preliminary laboratory experiments suggest that waxes are mobilized when the fluid temperature approaches 40C. Experiments were conducted that provided insights into the interactions between sonic wave and the fluid contained in the porous media. Most of these studies were carried out in a slim-tube apparatus. A numerical model was developed for simulating the effect of sonication in the nearwellbore region. The numerical model developed was validated using a number of standard testbed problems. However, actual application of the model for scale-up purposes was limited due to funding constraints. The overall plan for this task was to perlorm field trials with the sonication tooL These trials were to be performed in production and/or injection wells located in Pennsylvania, New York, and West Virginia. Four new wells were drilled in preparation for the field demonstration. Baseline production data were collected and reservoir simulator tuned to simulate these oil reservoirs. The sonication tools were designed for these wells. However, actual field testing could not be carried out because of premature termination of the project.

Adewumi, Michael A; Ityokumbul, M Thaddeus; Watson, Robert W; Eltohami, Eltohami; Farias, Mario; Heckman, Glenn; Houlihan, Brendan; Karoor, Samata Prakash; Miller, Bruce G; Mohammed, Nazia; Olanrewaju, Johnson; Ozdemir, Mine; Rejepov, Dautmamed; Sadegh, Abdallah A; Quammie, Kevin E; Zaghloul, Jose; Hughes, W Jack; Montgomery, Thomas C

2005-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

429

Charge transfer of 0.5-, 1.5-, and 5-keV protons with atomic oxygen: Absolute differential and integral cross sections  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report measurements of the absolute differential cross sections for charge-transfer scattering of 0.5-, 1.5-, and 5-keV protons by atomic oxygen at scattering angles between 0.01 and 2.6 in the laboratory frame. Absolute integral cross sections are also reported and compared with previously published total cross sections. The measurements were made using a flowing gas target, which consisted of a mixture of atomic and molecular oxygen produced by passage of O2 through a microwave discharge. The cross sections for atomic oxygen were obtained by appropriate subtraction of the signal due to molecular oxygen from that due to the mixture of O and O2. 1996 The American Physical Society.

B. G. Lindsay; D. R. Sieglaff; D. A. Schafer; C. L. Hakes; K. A. Smith; R. F. Stebbings

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

A theoretical study of a special detonation regime of operation of a pulse detonation device with a variable cross section detonation combustion chamber and a valveless supply system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The results of a theoretical study of the special detonation regime that arises in a pulse detonation device with a variable cross section combustion ... location of the diaphragm. Since the pulse detonation devi...

L. G. Gvozdeva; D. I. Baklanov; I. N. Ryzhkina

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Measurements of fiducial and differential cross sections for Higgs boson production in the diphoton decay channel at ?s = 8 TeV with ATLAS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measurements of fiducial and differential cross sections are presented for Higgs boson production in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of ?s = 8 TeV. The analysis is performed in the H ? ?? decay channel ...

Taylor, Frank E.

432

Measurement of ?? and ?? induced neutral current single ?0 production cross sections on mineral oil at E??O (1GeV)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

MiniBooNE reports the first absolute cross sections for neutral current single ?0 production on CH2 induced by neutrino and antineutrino interactions measured from the largest sets of NC ?0 events collected to date. The principal result consists of differential cross sections measured as functions of ?0 momentum and ?0 angle averaged over the neutrino flux at MiniBooNE. We find total cross sections of (4.760.05stat0.76sys)10-40??cm2/nucleon at a mean energy of ?E??=808??MeV and (1.480.05stat0.23sys)10-40??cm2/nucleon at a mean energy of ?E??=664??MeV for ?? and ?? induced production, respectively. In addition, we have included measurements of the neutrino and antineutrino total cross sections for incoherent exclusive NC 1?0 production corrected for the effects of final state interactions to compare to prior results.

A. A. Aguilar-Arevalo et al. (The MiniBooNE Collaboration)

2010-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

433

Measurement of ??-induced charged-current neutral pion production cross sections on mineral oil at E??0.52.0??GeV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using a custom 3-?erenkov ring fitter, we report cross sections for ??-induced charged-current single ?0 production on mineral oil (CH2) from a sample of 5810 candidate events with 57% signal purity over an energy range of 0.52.0GeV. This includes measurements of the absolute total cross section as a function of neutrino energy, and flux-averaged differential cross sections measured in terms of Q2, ?- kinematics, and ?0 kinematics. The sample yields a flux-averaged total cross section of (9.20.3stat1.5syst)10-39??cm2/CH2 at mean neutrino energy of 0.965GeV.

A. A. Aguilar-Arevalo et al. (MiniBooNE Collaboration)

2011-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

434

Extended Optical Model Analyses of Elastic Scattering, Direct Reaction, and Fusion Cross Sections for the 9Be + 208Pb System at Near-Coulomb-Barrier Energies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on the extended optical model approach in which the polarization potential is decomposed into direct reaction (DR) and fusion parts, simultaneous $\\chi^{2}$ analyses are performed for elastic scattering, DR, and fusion cross section data for the $^{9}$Be+$^{208}$Pb system at near-Coulomb-barrier energies. Similar $\\chi^{2}$ analyses are also performed by only taking into account the elastic scattering and fusion data as was previously done by the present authors, and the results are compared with those of the full analysis including the DR cross section data as well. We find that the analyses using only elastic scattering and fusion data can produce very consistent and reliable predictions of cross sections particularly when the DR cross section data are not complete. Discussions are also given on the results obtained from similar analyses made earlier for the $^{9}$Be+$^{209}$Bi system.

W. Y. So; S. W. Hong; B. T. Kim; T. Udagawa

2005-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

435

Neutron capture cross sections of /sup 178/,/sup 179/,/sup 180/Hf and the origin of nature's rarest stable isotope /sup 180/Ta  

SciTech Connect

The neutron capture cross sections of /sup 178/,/sup 179/,/sup 180/Hf were measured in the energy range 2.6 keV to 2 MeV. The average capture cross sections were derived and fitted in terms of strength functions. Resonance parameters for the observed resonances below 10 keV were determined by shape analysis. Maxwellian-averaged capture cross sections were computed for thermal energies with kT between 5 and 100 keV. The cross sections for kT = 30 keV were used to determine the population probability of the 8- isomeric level in /sup 180/Hf by neutron capture as (1.24 +- 0.06)% and the r-process abundance of /sup 180/Hf as 0.0290 (Si = 10/sup 6/). These quantities served to analyze s- and r-process nucleosynthesis of /sup 180/Ta, nature's rarest stable isotope.

Beer, H.; Macklin, R.L.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Direct measurement of {sup 12}C+{sup 4}He?{sup 16}O+? total cross section at E{sub cm}=1.2 MeV  

SciTech Connect

A fusion reaction of {sup 12}C+{sup 4}He?{sup 16}O+? is one of the main reactions in He-burning of stars and important for nucleosynthesis. The fusion cross section at stellar energy of E{sub cm}=0.3 MeV has not been determined precisely yet in spite of efforts for about 40 years. We plan to measure directly the total fusion cross section down to 0.7 MeV at Kyushu University Tandem accelerator Laboratory and to estimate the cross section at 0.3MeV by extrapolation. We have already measured the cross sections at 2.4 MeV and 1.5 MeV. The measurement at E{sub cm}=1.2 MeV is in progress.

Yamaguchi, H.; Sagara, K.; Fujita, K.; Kodama, D.; Narikiyo, Y.; Hamamoto, K.; Ban, T.; Tao, N.; Teranishi, T. [Department of Physics, Kyushu University (Japan)

2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

437

Measurement of K(+) production cross section by 8 GeV protons using high-energy neutrino interactions in the SciBooNE detector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The SciBooNE Collaboration reports K[superscript +] production cross section and rate measurements using high-energy daughter muon neutrino scattering data off the SciBar polystyrene (C[subscript 8]H[subscript 8]) target ...

Bugel, Leonard G.

438

IV characteristics and current instability in a high-temperature superconductor with a nonuniform temperature distribution over the cross section  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of a nonuniform temperature distribution in the cross section of a high-temperature superconductor on the formation of its IV...characteristic and the conditions for conservation of a stable distribut...

V. R. Romanovskii

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Measurement of the top quark mass and pp-bar -->tt-bar cross section in the all-hadronic mode with the CDF II detector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a measurement of the top quark mass and of the top-antitop (tt? ) pair production cross section using pp? data collected with the CDF II detector at the Tevatron Collider at the Fermi National Accelerator ...

Paus, Christoph M. E.

440

Measurement of the t[bar over t] production cross section in pp collisions at ?s = 8 TeV in dilepton final states containing one ? lepton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The top-quark pair production cross section is measured in final states with one electron or muon and one hadronically decaying ? lepton from the process t[bar over t] ? (??[subscript ?])(??[subscript ?])b[bar over b], ...

Zhukova, Victoria

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical sonic cross-section" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Measurement of the triple-differential cross section for photon + jets production in proton-proton collisions at s? = 7 TeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A measurement of the triple-differential cross section, d[superscript 3]?/(dp[superscript ?]Td?[superscript ?]d?[superscript jet]) , in photon + jets final states using a data sample from proton-proton collisions at s? = ...

Apyan, Aram

442

Fiducial and differential cross sections of Higgs boson production measured in the four-lepton decay channel in pp collisions at ?s = 8 TeV with the ATLAS detector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measurements of fiducial and differential cross sections of Higgs boson production in the H?ZZ*?4? decay channel are presented. The cross sections are determined within a fiducial phase space and corrected for detection ...

Taylor, Frank E.

443

Absorption and emission cross section of Yb3+ ions in Al2O3 and P2O5 doped fibers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The results of measurements of the emission and absorption cross section for the transition 2F5/2 -> 2F7/2 of Yb3+ ions in Al2O3 and P2O5 doped silica fibers are presented. Different techniques based on spectroscopic data, and more direct technique involving optical saturation of the transition are employed. The data obtained indicate an essential difference in cross section spectra of Yb3+ ions in alumosilicate and phosphosilicate fibers.

Melkumov, M A; Kravtsov, K S; Shubin, A V; Dianov, E M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

In-medium NN cross sections determined from the nuclear stopping and collective flow in heavy-ion collisions at intermediate energies  

SciTech Connect

In-medium nucleon-nucleon scattering cross sections are explored by comparing results of quantum molecular dynamics simulations to data on stopping and on elliptic and directed flow in intermediate-energy heavy-ion collisions. The comparison points to in-medium cross sections which are suppressed at low energies but not at higher energies. Positive correlations are found between the degree of stopping and the magnitudes of elliptic and directed flows.

Zhang Yingxun [China Institute of Atomic Energy, P.O. Box 275 (18), Beijing 102413 (China); Li Zhuxia [China Institute of Atomic Energy, P.O. Box 275 (18), Beijing 102413 (China); Center of Theoretical Nuclear Physics, National Laboratory of Lanzhou Heavy Ion Accelerator, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academic of Science, Beijing 100080 (China); Danielewicz, Pawel [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States)

2007-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

445

Photoionization of neon between 100 and 2000 eV: Single and multiple processes, angular distributions, and subshell cross sections  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

All aspects of photoionization in the soft-x-ray region are taken into account, and a complete partitioning of the photoionization cross section of neon is given in terms of single-electron processes in 2p, 2s, and 1s subshells and multiple-electron processes involving these subshells. The various processes, including their angular dependences, are identified and studied by the technique of photoelectron spectrometry. The partition relies solely on experimental evidence. Absolute subshell cross sections for the emission of a single electron are compared with current theoretical predictions: The single-particle, frozen-structure model (Cooper, 1962) that uses the Herman-Skillman potential overestimated ?2p by up to 15%, ?2s by (25-35)%, and ?1s by about 20%; the random-phase-approximation-with-exchange model (Amusia, 1972) that includes multielectron correlation and uses Hartree-Fock wave functions predictions correctly ?2s at 110130 eV, ?l,n?l? transitions are found to be most probable in which the continuum electron changes its angular momentum, ?l=1, and the excited electron retains its momentum, ?l=0, namely 2p6?2p4?d,n p. Anisotropy parameters ? for 2p electrons agree well with theoretical results; however an unexplained maximum near ?=0? at h?>1 keV is found for the angular distributions of 2p photoelectrons.

F. Wuilleumier and M. O. Krause

1974-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Measurement of the (n, H3) Cross Section in Nitrogen and Its Relationship to the Tritium Production in the Atmosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nitrogen gas is irradiated by fast neutrons from a U235 fission plate and tritium is produced. The tritium is identified and counted by two different methods: (1) The gas is put into a cloud chamber where the H3 electrons are identified by their range and counted; (2) hydrogen is separated from nitrogen by its passage through palladium and is then counted in a Geiger counter. The average cross section for fission neutrons with energy sufficient to make the reaction proceed [4.4 Mev is (112)10-27 cm2].This cross section combined with cosmic-ray neutron data gives an H3 production rate of between 0.10/cm2 sec and 0.20/cm2 sec averaged over the earth. Cosmic-ray stars eject H3 at a rate estimated between 0.30/cm2 sec and 0.70/cm2 sec. These two processes maintain a world reservoir of 50 to 110 million curies of H3. This H3 production leads to a mean escape time of He3 from the atmosphere of about 5 million years. This is consistent with a temperature at the base of the exosphere of 1500K.

E. L. Fireman

1953-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

447

First Measurements of the Differential Cross Sections of Higgs Boson Production and Decay in the Four Lepton Final State  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The discovery of a new scalar particle in the search for the Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) was a great success for the ATLAS and CMS collaborations. Additional measurements of this new particle present opportunities to both test the Standard Model (SM) predictions for the Higgs boson and to search for non-SM properties of this new particle. This thesis presents measurements of the mass, signal strength, and production cross sections of the Higgs boson in the $H \\rightarrow ZZ^{(*)} \\rightarrow \\ell\\ell\\ell'\\ell' $($\\ell,\\ell'=e,\\mu$) decay channel. The cross section measurements are performed using 20.3 fb$^{-1}$ of $pp$ collisions at center of mass energy $\\sqrt{s}=8$ TeV collected by the ATLAS detector and the mass and signal strength measurements are performed using an additional 4.5 fb$^{-1}$ of $pp$ collisions at $\\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV. From the data in the $H \\rightarrow4\\ell$ channel, the best estimate of the mass is $124.51~\\pm~0.52~\\rm{(stat)}~\\pm 0.06~\\rm{(syst)}$ GeV. The signal str...

Stahlman, Jonathan Mark

448

Improved algorithms for the calculation of resolved resonance cross sections with applications to the structural Doppler effect in fast reactors  

SciTech Connect

Motivated by a need for an economical yet rigorous tool which can address the computation of the structural material Doppler effect, an extremely efficient improved RABANL capability has been developed utilizing the fact that the Doppler broadened line shape functions become essentially identical to the natural line shape functions or Lorentzian limits beyond about 100 Doppler widths from the resonance energy, or when the natural width exceeds about 200 Doppler widths. The computational efficiency has been further enhanced by preprocessing or screening a significant number of selected resonances during library preparation into composition and temperature independent smooth background cross sections. The resonances which are suitable for such pre-processing are those which are either very broad or those which are very weak. The former contribute very little to the Doppler effect and their self-shielding effect can readily be averaged into slowly varying background cross section data, while the latter contribute very little to either the Doppler or to self-shielding effects. To illustrate the accuracy and efficiency of the improved RABANL algorithms and resonance screening techniques, calculations have been performed for two systems, the first with a composition typical of the STF converter region and the second typical of an LMFBR core composition. Excellent agreement has been found for RABANL compared to the reference Monte Carlo solution obtained using the code VIM, and improved results have also been obtained for the narrow resonance approximation in the ultra-fine-group option of MC/sup 2/-2.

Hwang, R.N.; Toppel, B.J.; Henryson, H. II

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

The Influence of in-medium NN cross-sections, symmetry potential and impact parameter on the isospin observables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore the influence of in-medium nucleon-nucleon cross section, symmetry potential and impact parameter on isospin sensitive observables in intermediate-energy heavy-ion collisions with the ImQMD05 code, a modified version of Quantum Molecular Dynamics model. At incident velocities above the Fermi velocity, we find that the density dependence of symmetry potential plays a more important role on the double neutron to proton ratio $DR(n/p)$ and the isospin transport ratio $R_i$ than the in-medium nucleon-nucleon cross sections, provided that the latter are constrained to a fixed total NN collision rate. We also explore both $DR(n/p)$ and $R_i$ as a function of the impact parameter. Since the copious production of intermediate mass fragments is a distinguishing feature of intermediate-energy heavy-ion collisions, we examine the isospin transport ratios constructed from different groups of fragments. We find that the values of the isospin transport ratios for projectile rapidity fragments with $Z\\ge20$ are greater than those constructed from the entire projectile rapidity source. We believe experimental investigations of this phenomenon can be performed. These may provide significant tests of fragmentation time scales predicted by ImQMD calculations.

Yingxun Zhang; D. D. S. Coupland; P. Danielewicz; Zhuxia Li; Hang Liu; Fei Lu; W. G. Lynch; M. B. Tsang

2010-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

450

THE WEAK s-PROCESS IN MASSIVE STARS AND ITS DEPENDENCE ON THE NEUTRON CAPTURE CROSS SECTIONS  

SciTech Connect

The slow neutron capture process in massive stars (weak s process) produces most of the s-process isotopes between iron and strontium. Neutrons are provided by the {sup 22}Ne(alpha,n){sup 25}Mg reaction, which is activated at the end of the convective He-burning core and in the subsequent convective C-burning shell. The s-process-rich material in the supernova ejecta carries the signature of these two phases. In the past years, new measurements of neutron capture cross sections of isotopes beyond iron significantly changed the predicted weak s-process distribution. The reason is that the variation of the Maxwellian-averaged cross sections (MACS) is propagated to heavier isotopes along the s path. In the light of these results, we present updated nucleosynthesis calculations for a 25 M{sub sun} star of Population I (solar metallicity) in convective He-burning core and convective C-burning shell conditions. In comparison with previous simulations based on the Bao et al. compilation, the new measurement of neutron capture cross sections leads to an increase of s-process yields from nickel up to selenium. The variation of the cross section of one isotope along the s-process path is propagated to heavier isotopes, where the propagation efficiency is higher for low cross sections. New {sup 74}Ge, {sup 75}As, and {sup 78}Se MACS result in a higher production of germanium, arsenic, and selenium, thereby reducing the s-process yields of heavier elements by propagation. Results are reported for the He core and for the C shell. In shell C-burning, the s-process nucleosynthesis is more uncertain than in the He core, due to higher MACS uncertainties at higher temperatures. We also analyze the impact of using the new lower solar abundances for CNO isotopes on the s-process predictions, where CNO is the source of {sup 22}Ne, and we show that beyond Zn this is affecting the s-process yields more than nuclear or stellar model uncertainties considered in this paper. In particular, using the new updated initial composition, we obtain a high s-process production (overproduction higher than {sup 16}O, {approx}100) for Cu, Ga, Ge, and As. Using the older abundances by Anders and Grevesse, also Se, Br, Kr, and Rb are efficiently produced. Our results have important implications in explaining the origin of copper in the solar abundance distribution, pointing to a prevailing contribution from the weak s-process in agreement with spectroscopic observations and Galactic chemical evolution calculations. Because of the improvement due to the new MACS for nickel and copper isotopes, the nucleosynthesis of copper is less affected by nuclear uncertainties compared to heavier s-process elements. An experimental determination of the {sup 63}Ni MACS is required for a further improvement of the abundance prediction of copper. The available spectroscopic observations of germanium and gallium in stars are also discussed, where most of the cosmic abundances of these elements derives from the s-process in massive stars.

Pignatari, M.; Herwig, F. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC V8P5C2 Canada (Canada); Gallino, R.; Bisterzo, S. [Dipartimento di Fisica Generale, Universita di Torino, Via Pietro Giuria 1, Torino 10125 (Italy); Heil, M. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung (GSI), D-64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Wiescher, M. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States); Kaeppeler, F., E-mail: marcop@uvic.c [Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Institut fuer Kernphysik, Postfach 3640, 76021 Karlsruhe (Germany)

2010-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

451

Influence of Surface Preparation on Scanning Kelvin Probe Microscopy and Electron Backscatter Diffraction Analysis of Cross Sections of CdTe/CdS Solar Cells  

SciTech Connect

Electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) provides information on the crystallographic structure of a sample, while scanning Kelvin probe microscopy (SKPM) provides information on its electrical properties. The advantage of these techniques is their high spatial resolution, which cannot be attained with any other techniques. However, because these techniques analyze the top layers of the sample, surface or cross section features directly influence the results of the measurements, and sample preparation is a main step in the analysis. In this work we investigated different methods to prepare cross sections of CdTe/CdS solar cells for EBSD and SKPM analyses. We observed that procedures used to prepare surfaces for EBSD are not suitable to prepare cross sections, and we were able to develop a process using polishing and ion-beam milling. This process resulted in very good results and allowed us to reveal important aspects of the cross section of the CdTe films. For SKPM, polishing and a light ion-beam milling resulted in cross sections that provided good data. We were able to observe the depletion region on the CdTe film and the p-n junction as well as the interdiffusion layer between CdTe and CdS. However, preparing good-quality cross sections for SKPM is not a reproducible process, and artifacts are often observed.

Moutinho, H. R.; Dhere, R. G.; Jiang, C. S.; Al-Jassim, M. M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Vertical integration and market power  

SciTech Connect

One of the continuing debates of industrial organization surrounds the importance of market structure in determining a firm's performance. This controversy develops naturally from the difficulties in measuring the relevant variables and the hazards of statistical analysis. The focus of this empirical study is the relationship between vertical integration, as an element of market structure, and market power, as a component of a firm's performance. The model presented in this paper differs from previous efforts because vertical integration is measured by the Vertical Industry Connections (VIC) index. VIC is defined as a function of the relative net interactions among the industries in which a firm operates, and is calculated by use of the national input-output tables. A linear regression model is estimated by means of a random sample of firms selected from the Standard and Poor's COMPUSTAT data base for 1963, 1967, and 1972. Combined cross-sectional, time-series methods are employed. The dependent variable is the price-cost margin; the independent variables include not only VIC, but also the concentration ratio, diversification index, value of assets, capital-output ratio, and sales growth. The results indicate that VIC is significant in increasing the price-cost margin, and thus support the hypothesis that vertical integration is a strategy to enhance market power. 1 figure, 3 tables.

Maddigan, R.J.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Forbidden vertices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. In this work, we introduce and study the forbidden-vertices problem. Given a polytope P and a subset X of its vertices, we study the complexity of linear...

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

A Unified Monte Carlo Approach to Fast Neutron Cross Section Data Evaluation - NUCLEAR DATA AND MEASUREMENT SERIES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NUCLEAR DATA AND MEASUREMENT SERIES NUCLEAR DATA AND MEASUREMENT SERIES ANL/NDM-166 A Unified Monte Carlo Approach to Fast Neutron Cross Section Data Evaluation Donald L. Smith January 2008 NUCLEAR ENGINEERING DIVISION ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY 9700 SOUTH CASS AVENUE ARGONNE, ILLINOIS 60439, U.S.A. 1 About Argonne National Laboratory Argonne is a U.S. Department of Energy laboratory managed by UChicago Argonne, LLC under contract DE-AC02-06CH11357. The Laboratory's main facility is in the suburbs of Chicago at 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, Illinois 60439. For information about Argonne National Laboratory see http://www.anl.gov. Availability of this Report This report is available, at no cost, at http://www.osti.gov/bridge. It is also available on paper from the U.S. Department of Energy and its contractors, for a processing fee, from:

455

Imperfection amplitudes for nonlinear analysis of open thin-walled steel cross-sections used in rack column uprights  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract When numerical models are used to predict behaviour of open thin-walled steel cross-sections, the nonlinear analysis results can be influenced by the magnitudes introduced as initial imperfection. At present, a wide range of values is considered in research concerning this topic. This paper explores up to what point the nonlinear analysis results are sensitive to the choice of imperfection magnitudes and attempt to refine the spectrum of magnitudes that should be used. The study focuses on rack uprights (with and without perforations) under compression and the numerical model has been validated with experimental tests conducted by the authors. Three different column lengths have been selected to reproduce a mainly local, distortional and global failure mode, so that coupled instabilities have not to be considered in this case. The results show that the ultimate load and collapse mode are both sensitive to imperfection amplitude, mainly in the case of distortional buckling.

M.M. Pastor; M. Casafont; J. Bonada; F. Roure

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Design and producing of fine-group cross section library HENDL3.0/FG for subcritical system  

SciTech Connect

To improve the accuracy of the neutron analyses for subcritical system with thermal fission blanket, a coupled neutron and photon (315 n + 42{gamma}) fine-group cross section library HENDL3.0/FG based on ENDF/B-VII, JEFF3.1 and JENDL3.3 was produced by FDS team. In order to test the availability and reliability of the HENDL3.0/FG data library, shielding and critical safety benchmarks were performed with VisualBUS code. The testing results indicated that the discrepancy between calculation and experimental values of nuclear parameters fell in a reasonable range. It showed that the nuclear data library had accuracy and availability. (authors)

Zou, J.; Zeng, Q.; Xu, D.; Hu, L.; Long, P. [Inst. of Nuclear Energy Safety Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei, Anhui, 230031 (China); School of Nuclear Science and Technology, Univ. of Science and Technology of China, No.350 Shushanhu Road, Shushan District, Hefei, Anhui, 230031 (China)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Proton production cross sections for reactions by 300- and 392-MeV protons on carbon, aluminum, and niobium  

SciTech Connect

Proton productions from proton induced reactions have been investigated for target nuclei of {sup 12}C, {sup 27}Al, and {sup 93}Nb at 300 and 392 MeV. Proton inelastic continua over a broad energy range were measured at laboratory angles from 20 deg. to 105 deg. The differential cross sections were compared with two theoretical models, the quantum molecular dynamics (QMD) and the intranuclear cascade (INC) model in terms of the multistep direct process. We demonstrated that consistencies of these models can be improved using a realistic ground state of target nucleus, and that the INC model developed presently has a fairly good consistency and a higher predictive ability than the QMD.

Kin, Tadahiro; Saiho, Fuminobu; Hohara, Shinya; Ikeda, Katsuhiko; Ichikawa, Kiyohisa; Yamashita, Yusuke; Imamura, Minoru; Wakabayashi, Genichiro; Ikeda, Nobuo; Uozumi, Yusuke; Matabo, Masaru; Nakano, Masahiro; Koori, Norihiko [Department of Applied Quantum Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8581 (Japan); University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kita-kyushu 807-8555 (Japan); Faculty of integrated Arts and Sciences, University of Tokushima, Tokushima 770-8502 (Japan)

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Total and partial capture cross sections in reactions with deformed nuclei at energies near and below the Coulomb barrier  

SciTech Connect

Within the quantum diffusion approach, the capture of a projectile nucleus by a target nucleus is studied at bombarding energies above and below the Coulomb barrier. The effects of deformation of interacting nuclei and neutron transfer between them on the total and partial capture cross sections and the mean angular momentum of the captured system are studied. The results obtained for the {sup 16}O + {sup 112}Cd, {sup 152}Sm, and {sup 184}W; {sup 19}F +{sup 175}Lu; {sup 28}Si +{sup 94,100}Mo and {sup 154}Sm; {sup 40}Ca +{sup 96}Zr; {sup 48}Ca+ {sup 90}Zr; and {sup 64}Ni +{sup 58,64}Ni, {sup 92,96}Zr, and {sup 100}Mo reactions are in good agreement with available experimental data.

Kuzyakin, R. A., E-mail: rkuzyakin@theor.jinr.ru; Sargsyan, V. V.; Adamian, G. G.; Antonenko, N. V. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

459

Observation of a backward peak in the gamma d ---> pi0 d cross- section near the eta threshold  

SciTech Connect

High-quality cross sections for the reaction gamma+d->pi^0+d have been measured using the CLAS at Jefferson Lab over a wide energy range near and above the eta-meson photoproduction threshold. At backward c.m. angles for the outgoing pions, we observe a resonance-like structure near E_gamma=700 MeV. Our model analysis shows that it can be explained by eta excitation in the intermediate state. The effect is the result of the contribution of the N(1535)S_11 resonance to the amplitudes of the subprocesses occurring between the two nucleons and of a two-step process in which the excitation of an intermediate eta meson dominates.

Yordanka Ilieva; Barry Berman; Alexander Kudryavtsev; I.I. Strakovsky; V.E. Tarasov; Moscov Amaryan; Pawel Ambrozewicz; Marco Anghinolfi; G. Asryan; Harutyun Avakian; Hovhannes Baghdasaryan; Nathan Baillie; Jacques Ball; Nathan Baltzell; V. Batourine; Marco Battaglieri; Ivan Bedlinski; Ivan Bedlinskiy; Matthew Bellis; Nawal Benmouna; Angela Biselli; Sylvain Bouchigny; Sergey Boyarinov; Robert Bradford; Derek Branford; William Briscoe; William Brooks; Stephen Bueltmann; Volker Burkert; Cornel Butuceanu; John Calarco; Sharon Careccia; Daniel Carman; Shifeng Chen; Philip Cole; Patrick Collins; Philip Coltharp; Donald Crabb; Volker Crede; R. De Masi; Enzo De Sanctis; Raffaella De Vita; Pavel Degtiarenko; Alexandre Deur; Richard Dickson; Chaden Djalali; Gail Dodge; Joseph Donnelly; David Doughty; Michael Dugger; Oleksandr Dzyubak; Hovanes Egiyan; Kim Egiyan; Latifa Elouadrhiri; Paul Eugenio; Gleb Fedotov; Gerald Feldman; Herbert Funsten; Michel Garcon; Gagik Gavalian; Gerard Gilfoyle; Kevin Giovanetti; Francois-Xavier Girod; John Goetz; Atilla Gonenc; Ralf Gothe; Keith Griffioen; Michel Guidal; Nevzat Guler; Lei Guo; Vardan Gyurjyan; Kawtar Hafidi; Rafael Hakobyan; F. Hersman; Kenneth Hicks; Ishaq Hleiqawi; Maurik Holtrop; Charles Hyde; Charles Hyde-Wright; David Ireland; Boris Ishkhanov; Eugeny Isupov; Mark Ito; David Jenkins; Hyon-Suk Jo; Kyungseon Joo; Henry Juengst; Narbe Kalantarians; James Kellie; Mahbubul Khandaker; Wooyoung Kim; Andreas Klein; Franz Klein; Mikhail Kossov; Zebulun Krahn; Laird Kramer; V. Kubarovsky; Joachim Kuhn; Sebastian Kuhn; Sergey Kuleshov; Jeff Lachniet; Jean Laget; Jorn Langheinrich; David Lawrence; Kenneth Livingston; Haiyun Lu; Marion MacCormick; Nikolai Markov; Bryan McKinnon; Bernhard Mecking; Mac Mestayer; Curtis Meyer; Tsutomu Mibe; Konstantin Mikhaylov; Marco Mirazita; Rory Miskimen; Viktor Mokeev; Kei Moriya; Steven Morrow; M. Moteabbed; E. Munevar; Gordon Mutchler; Pawel Nadel-Turonski; Rakhsha Nasseripour; Silvia Niccolai; Gabriel Niculescu; Maria-Ioana Niculescu; Bogdan Niczyporuk; Megh Niroula; Rustam Niyazov; Mina Nozar; Mikhail Osipenko; Alexander Ostrovidov; K. Park; Evgueni Pasyuk; Craig Paterson; Joshua Pierce; Nikolay Pivnyuk; Oleg Pogorelko; S. Pozdniakov; John Price; Yelena Prok; Dan Protopopescu; Brian Raue; Giovanni Ricco; Marco Ripani; Barry Ritchie; Federico Ronchetti; Guenther Rosner; Patrizia Rossi; Franck Sabatie; Carlos Salgado; Joseph Santoro; Vladimir Sapunenko; Reinhard Schumacher; Vladimir Serov; Youri Sharabian; Nikolay Shvedunov; Elton Smith; Lee Smith; Daniel Sober; Aleksey Stavinskiy; Samuel Stepanyan; Stepan Stepanyan; Burnham Stokes; Paul Stoler; Steffen Strauch; Mauro Taiuti; David Tedeschi; Ulrike Thoma; Avtandil Tkabladze; Svyatoslav Tkachenko; Clarisse Tur; Maurizio Ungaro; Michael Vineyard; Alexander Vlassov; Lawrence Weinstein; Dennis Weygand; M. Williams; Elliott Wolin; Michael Wood; Amrit Yegneswaran; Lorenzo Zana; Jixie Zhang; Bo Zhao; Zhiwen Zhao

2007-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

460

Pion Production Cross-section Measurements in p+C Collisions at the CERN SPS for Understanding Extensive Air Showers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An important approach to studying high-energy cosmic rays is the investigation of the properties of extensive air showers; however, the lateral distribution of particles in simulations of such showers strongly depends on the applied model of low-energy hadronic interactions. It has been shown that many constraints to be applied to these models can be obtained by studying identified-particle spectra from accelerator collisions, in the energy range of the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron. Here we present measurements of the pion production cross-section obtained by the NA61/SHINE experiment at the SPS, in proton-carbon collisions at the beam energy of 31 GeV from the year 2007. Further analyses of identified-particle yields in SHINE, in particular with a pion beam, are in preparation.

Marek Szuba; for the NA61/SHINE Collaboration

2010-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

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