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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical sonic cross-section" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

In situ oil shale retort with a generally T-shaped vertical cross section  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An in situ oil shale retort is formed in a subterranean formation containing oil shale. The retort contains a fragmented permeable mass of formation particles containing oil shale and has a production level drift in communication with a lower portion of the fragmented mass for withdrawing liquid and gaseous products of retorting during retorting of oil shale in the fragmented mass. The principal portion of the fragmented mass is spaced vertically above a lower production level portion having a generally T-shaped vertical cross section. The lower portion of the fragmented mass has a horizontal cross sectional area smaller than the horizontal cross sectional area of the upper principal portion of the fragmented mass above the production level.

Ricketts, Thomas E. (Grand Junction, CO)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Cross section for charmonium absorption by nucleons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

July 2001; publishe The cross section for J/c absorption by nucleons is with empirical particle masses, which has been used previousl by pion and r meson. Including both two-body and three-bod of 1 GeV at interaction vertices involving charm hadrons... and is consistent with that extracted from J/c productio DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.65.015203 PAC I. INTRODUCTION Two main mechanisms for J/c suppression observed in relativistic heavy ion collisions @1# are the dissociation by the quark-gluon plasma @2...

Liu, W.; Ko, Che Ming; Lin, ZW.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Absorption cross section in Lifshitz black hole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive the absorption cross section of a minimally coupled scalar in the Lifshitz black hole obtained from the new massive gravity. The absorption cross section reduces to the horizon area in the low energy and massless limit of s-wave mode propagation, indicating that the Lifshitz black hole also satisfies the universality of low energy absorption cross section for black holes.

Taeyoon Moon; Yun Soo Myung

2012-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

4

SNL RML recommended dosimetry cross section compendium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A compendium of dosimetry cross sections is presented for use in the characterization of fission reactor spectrum and fluence. The contents of this cross section library are based upon the ENDF/B-VI and IRDF-90 cross section libraries and are recommended as a replacement for the DOSCROS84 multigroup library that is widely used by the dosimetry community. Documentation is provided on the rationale for the choice of the cross sections selected for inclusion in this library and on the uncertainty and variation in cross sections presented by state-of-the-art evaluations.

Griffin, P.J.; Kelly, J.G.; Luera, T.F. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); VanDenburg, J. [Science and Engineering Associates, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [Science and Engineering Associates, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

{sup 16}O neutron cross section evaluation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work has resulted from a need to compute more accurately the neutron scattering cross sections and angular distributions for {sup 16}O. Several oxygen evaluations have been performed in the past with R-Matrix theory, including ENDF/B-V and ENDF/B-VI. ENDF/B-VI is an improvement over ENDF/B-V, but still underpredicts in general the forward scattering of neutrons below 2.5 MeV. R-Matrix theory is used in describing cross sections at and near the resonance energies; but may not always be adequate in describing cross sections between resonances, especially when they are widely spaced. The optical (potential well) model of the nucleus is very good in representing cross sections that vary smoothly with energy, but not at describing all of the detailed resonance cross sections. A combination of the potential well model and R-Matrix theory was used for this work to represent cross sections with isolated resonances with large spacings between them. The total neutron cross section of oxygen-16 below 3.0 MeV has widely separated resonances and a dip in the cross section at 2.35 MeV. In the vicinity of resonances, where cross sections vary rapidly with energy, R-Matrix theory has been successful in fitting experimental data. In the region between resonances, an analytical procedure with physical basis is needed that agrees with data over a wide range of energies bracketing regions where experimental measurements are lacking.

Caro, E. [Lockheed Martin Corp., Schenectady, NY (United States)

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

MODELING AND FISSION CROSS SECTIONS FOR AMERICIUM.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the final report of the work performed under the LANL contract on the modeling and fission cross section for americium isotopes (May 2004-June 2005). The purpose of the contract was to provide fission cross sections for americium isotopes with the nuclear reaction model code EMPIRE 2.19. The following work was performed: (1) Fission calculations capability suitable for americium was implemented to the EMPIRE-2.19 code. (2) Calculations of neutron-induced fission cross sections for {sup 239}Am to {sup 244g}Am were performed with EMPIRE-2.19 for energies up to 20 MeV. For the neutron-induced reaction of {sup 240}Am, fission cross sections were predicted and uncertainties were assessed. (3) Set of fission barrier heights for each americium isotopes was chosen so that the new calculations fit the experimental data and follow the systematics found in the literature.

ROCHMAN, D.; HERMAN, M.; OBLOZINSKY, P.

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Absorption cross section of RN black hole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The behavior of a charged scalar field in the RN black hole space time is studied using WKB approximation. In the present work it is assumed that matter waves can get reflected from the event horizon. Using this effect, the Hawking temperature and the absorption cross section for RN black hole placed in a charged scalar field are calculated. The absorption cross section $\\sigma _{abs}$ is found to be inversely proportional to square of the Hawking temperature of the black hole.

Sini R.; V. C. Kuriakose

2007-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

8

Cross sections of neutron-induced reactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the properties of the neutron-nucleus total and reaction cross sections for several nuclei. We have applied an analytical model, the nuclear Ramsauer model, justified it from the nuclear reaction theory approach, and extracted the values of 12 parameters used in the model. The given parametrization has an advantage as phenomenological optical model potentials are limited up to 150-200 MeV. The present model provides good estimates of the total cross sections for several nuclei particularly at high energies.

Mukhopadhyay, Tapan; Lahiri, Joydev; Basu, D. N. [Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, 1/AF Bidhan Nagar, Kolkata 700064 (India)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

9

Total Cross Sections for Neutron Scattering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurements of neutron total cross-sections are both extensive and extremely accurate. Although they place a strong constraint on theoretically constructed models, there are relatively few comparisons of predictions with experiment. The total cross-sections for neutron scattering from $^{16}$O and $^{40}$Ca are calculated as a function of energy from $50-700$~MeV laboratory energy with a microscopic first order optical potential derived within the framework of the Watson expansion. Although these results are already in qualitative agreement with the data, the inclusion of medium corrections to the propagator is essential to correctly predict the energy dependence given by the experiment.

C. R. Chinn; Ch. Elster; R. M. Thaler; S. P. Weppner

1994-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

10

Precise neutron inelastic cross section measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design of a new generation of nuclear reactors requires the development of a very precise neutron cross section database. Ongoing experiments performed at dedicated facilities aim to the measurement of such cross sections with an unprecedented uncertainty of the order of 5% or even smaller. We give an overview of such a facility: the Gamma Array for Inelastic Neutron Scattering (GAINS) installed at the GELINA neutron source of IRMM, Belgium. Some of the most challenging difficulties of the experimental approach are emphasized and recent results are shown.

Negret, Alexandru [Horia Hulubei National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Reactorului 30, 077125 Bucharest-Magurele (Romania)

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

11

Testing (Validating?) Cross Sections with ICSBEP Benchmarks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We discuss how to use critical benchmarks from the International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments to determine the applicability of specific cross sections to the end-user's problem of interest. Particular attention is paid to making sure the selected suite of benchmarks includes the user's range of applicability (ROA).

Kahler, Albert C. III [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

12

Photonuclear Reaction Cross Sections for Gallium Isotopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The photon induced reactions which are named as photonuclear reactions have a great importance in many field of nuclear, radiation physics and related fields. Since we have planned to perform photonuclear reaction on gallium target with bremmstrahlung photons from clinical linear accelerator in the future, the cross-sections of neutron (photo-neutron ({\\gamma},xn)) and proton (photo-proton ({\\gamma},xn)) productions after photon activation have been calculated by using TALYS 1.2 computer code in this study. The target nucleus has been considered gallium which has two stable isotopes, 69Ga and 71Ga. According to the results, we have seen that the calculations are in harmony in the limited literature values. Furthermore, the pre-equilibrium and compound process contributions to the total cross-section have been investigated.

Serkan Akkoyun; Tuncay Bayram

2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

13

Inclusive jet cross section at CDF  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This contribution reports on preliminary measurements of the inclusive jet production cross section in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV using data collected with CDF corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 385 pb{sup -1}. Two analyzes are presented: one uses the longitudinally invariant k{sub T} algorithm to reconstruct the jets, the other uses the midpoint algorithm. Both are limited to jets with rapidity in the range 0.1 < |y{sup jet}| < 0.7. The measured cross sections are in good agreement with next-to-leading order perturbative QCD predictions after including the non-perturbative corrections necessary to account for underlying event and hadronization effects.

Lefevre, R.; Martinez, M.; /Barcelona, IFAE

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Electron capture cross sections for stellar nucleosynthesis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the first stage of this work, we perform detailed calculations for the cross sections of the electron capture on nuclei under laboratory conditions. Towards this aim we exploit the advantages of a refined version of the proton-neutron quasi-particle random-phase approximation (pn-QRPA) and carry out state-by-state evaluations of the rates of exclusive processes that lead to any of the accessible transitions within the chosen model space. In the second stage of our present study, we translate the above mentioned $e^-$-capture cross sections to the stellar environment ones by inserting the temperature dependence through a Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution describing the stellar electron gas. As a concrete nuclear target we use the $^{66}Zn$ isotope, which belongs to the iron group nuclei and plays prominent role in stellar nucleosynthesis at core collapse supernovae environment.

Giannaka, P G

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Asymptotic cross sections for composite projectile reactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the sum of elastic, excited, and ionized states. 42 Figure 8: Our First Born calculations are plotted against the RHF and FBBP results for a lithium ion projectile 43 Figure 9: We have plotted the ratio of our First Born cross sections with the FBBP... sections to those calculated through analytic methods for a helium ion projectile. Page Figure 12: A comparison of the ratio of our First Born Approximation to those calculated through analytic methods for a lithium ion projectile...

Neves, Andrea Marolt Pimenta

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Fusion cross sections at deep subbarrier energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A recent publication reports that heavy-ion fusion cross sections at extreme subbarrier energies show a continuous change of their logarithmic slope with decreasing energy, resulting in a much steeper excitation function compared with theoretical predictions. We show that the energy dependence of this slope is partly due to the asymmetric shape of the Coulomb barrier, that is its deviation from a harmonic shape. We also point out that the large low-energy slope is consistent with the surprisingly large surface diffusenesses required to fit recent high-precision fusion data.

K. Hagino; N. Rowley; M. Dasgupta

2003-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

17

Cross Sections for Nuclei A = 3 - 20  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to User GroupInformationE-GovNaturalInstitute CriticalCross Sections

18

Correlation cross sections along the international border  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Manitoba-North Dakota (Canada-US) stratigraphic correlation project is a joint study between the Petroleum Branch of Manitoba Energy and Mines and the North Dakota Geological Survey. It is an attempt to correlate the differing stratigraphic terminologies established in the two jurisdictions by providing a reference cross section across the international boundary. The study involves the subsurface correlation of logs of the Paleozoic and Mesozoic sequences in the Manitoba and North Dakota portions of the Williston basin. The Paleozoic and Mesozoic sequences are subdivided for presentation into the following stratigraphic intervals: (a) Cambrian-Ordovician-Silurian, (b) Devonian, (c) Mississippian, (d) Jurassic, and (e) Cretaceous. Wireline logs show the actual stratigraphic correlations. A nomenclature chart is also presented from each sequence. In addition, the sections include a generalized description of lithologies, thicknesses, environments of deposition, and petroleum potential for each geographic area.

Martiniuk, C.D. (Manitoba Energy and Mines, Winnipeg (Canada)); Le Fever, J.A.; Anderson, S.B. (North Dakota Geological Survey, Grand Forks (United States))

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

ISSUES IN NEUTRON CROSS SECTION COVARIANCES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We review neutron cross section covariances in both the resonance and fast neutron regions with the goal to identify existing issues in evaluation methods and their impact on covariances. We also outline ideas for suitable covariance quality assurance procedures.We show that the topic of covariance data remains controversial, the evaluation methodologies are not fully established and covariances produced by different approaches have unacceptable spread. The main controversy is in very low uncertainties generated by rigorous evaluation methods and much larger uncertainties based on simple estimates from experimental data. Since the evaluators tend to trust the former, while the users tend to trust the latter, this controversy has considerable practical implications. Dedicated effort is needed to arrive at covariance evaluation methods that would resolve this issue and produce results accepted internationally both by evaluators and users.

Mattoon, C.M.; Oblozinsky,P.

2010-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

20

Higgs Boson Fiducial Cross Sections and Differential Distributions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this talk we present the fiducial cross-section measurements and the differential distributions of the Higgs boson, in the ZZ->4l and gamma gamma channels.

Gao, Yanyan; The ATLAS collaboration

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical sonic cross-section" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

arbitrary cross section: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Astrophysics (arXiv) Summary: We review and analyze the available information for nuclear fusion cross sections that are most important for solar energy generation and...

22

arbitrary cross sections: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Astrophysics (arXiv) Summary: We review and analyze the available information for nuclear fusion cross sections that are most important for solar energy generation and...

23

Positive Scattering Cross Sections using Constrained Least Squares  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method which creates a positive Legendre expansion from truncated Legendre cross section libraries is presented. The cross section moments of order two and greater are modified by a constrained least squares algorithm, subject to the constraints that the zeroth and first moments remain constant, and that the standard discrete ordinate scattering matrix is positive. A method using the maximum entropy representation of the cross section which reduces the error of these modified moments is also presented. These methods are implemented in PARTISN, and numerical results from a transport calculation using highly anisotropic scattering cross sections with the exponential discontinuous spatial scheme is presented.

Dahl, J.A.; Ganapol, B.D.; Morel, J.E.

1999-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

24

Cross Sections for Inner-Shell Ionization by Electron Impact  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An analysis is presented of measured and calculated cross sections for inner-shell ionization by electron impact. We describe the essentials of classical and semiclassical models and of quantum approximations for computing ionization cross sections. The emphasis is on the recent formulation of the distorted-wave Born approximation by Bote and Salvat [Phys. Rev. A 77, 042701 (2008)] that has been used to generate an extensive database of cross sections for the ionization of the K shell and the L and M subshells of all elements from hydrogen to einsteinium (Z = 1 to Z = 99) by electrons and positrons with kinetic energies up to 1 GeV. We describe a systematic method for evaluating cross sections for emission of x rays and Auger electrons based on atomic transition probabilities from the Evaluated Atomic Data Library of Perkins et al. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, UCRL-ID-50400, 1991]. We made an extensive comparison of measured K-shell, L-subshell, and M-subshell ionization cross sections and of L? x-ray production cross sections with the corresponding calculated cross sections. We identified elements for which there were at least three (for K shells) or two (for L and M subshells) mutually consistent sets of cross-section measurements and for which the cross sections varied with energy as expected by theory. The overall average root-mean-square deviation between the measured and calculated cross sections was 10.9% and the overall average deviation was ?2.5%. This degree of agreement between measured and calculated ionization and x-ray production cross sections was considered to be very satisfactory given the difficulties of these measurements.

Llovet, Xavier, E-mail: xavier@ccit.ub.edu [Centres Científics i Tecnolňgics, Universitat de Barcelona, Lluís Solé i Sabarís 1-3, 08028 Barcelona (Spain)] [Centres Científics i Tecnolňgics, Universitat de Barcelona, Lluís Solé i Sabarís 1-3, 08028 Barcelona (Spain); Powell, Cedric J. [Materials Measurement Science Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899-8370 (United States)] [Materials Measurement Science Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899-8370 (United States); Salvat, Francesc [Facultat de Física (ECM and ICC), Universitat de Barcelona, Diagonal 645, 08028 Barcelona (Spain)] [Facultat de Física (ECM and ICC), Universitat de Barcelona, Diagonal 645, 08028 Barcelona (Spain); Jablonski, Aleksander [Institute of Physical Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Kasprzaka 44/52, 01-224 Warsaw (Poland)] [Institute of Physical Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Kasprzaka 44/52, 01-224 Warsaw (Poland)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

25

PRELIMINARY LES OVER A HYPERSONIC ELLIPTICAL CROSS-SECTION CONE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PRELIMINARY LES OVER A HYPERSONIC ELLIPTICAL CROSS-SECTION CONE M.P. MARTIN Mechanical. The characteristics of the hypersonic flow around an elliptical- cross section cone and the computational code of transitional and turbulent flows are not fully understood. This is especially true in the hypersonic regime

MartĂ­n, Pino

26

Analysis of cross sections using various nuclear potential  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The relevant astrophysical reaction rates which are derived from the reaction cross sections are necessary input to the reaction network. In this work, we analyse several theoretical models of the nuclear potential which give better prediction of the cross sections for some selected reactions.

Aziz, Azni Abdul [Department of Physics, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Kulliyah of Science, International Islamic University Malaysia, 25200 Kuantan (Malaysia); Quantum Science Center, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lump (Malaysia); Kassim, Hasan Abu [Department of Physics, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Quantum Science Center, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Institute of Space Science, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Se (Malaysia); Yusof, Norhasliza [Department of Physics, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Quantum Science Center, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Muhammad Zamrun, F. [Quantum Science Center, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Jurusan Fisika FMIPA, Universitas Haluoleo Kendari, Sulawesi Tenggara, J3232 (Indonesia)

2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

27

Neutron capture cross sections: from theory to experiments and back  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The method for an experimental determination of the stellar enhancement factor for the cross section of the $^{151}$Sm$(n,\\gamma)$ reaction process is proposed. This study offered the pretext for an excursus on the interconnections between capture and dissociation reactions and the interplay between theory and experiments in the determination of neutron capture cross sections.

Alberto Mengoni

2005-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

28

Electromagnetic-gravitational cross-sections in external electromagnetic fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The classical processes: the conversion of photons into gravitons in the static electromagnetic fields are considered by using Feynman perturbation techniques. The differential cross sections are presented for the conversion in the electric field of the flat condesor and the magnetic field of the selenoid. A numerical evaluation shows that the cross sections may have the observable value in the present technical scenario.

Long, H N; Tran, T A; Tuan, T A; Long, Hoang Ngoc; Van Soa, Dang; Tran, Tuan A; Tuan, Tran Anh

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Electromgnetic-gravitational cross-sections in external elctromagnetic fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The classical processes: the conversion of photons into gravitons in the static electromagnetic fields are considered by using Feynman perturbation techniques. The differential cross sections are presented for the conversion in the electric field of the flat condesor and the magnetic field of the selenoid. A numerical evaluation shows that the cross sections may have the observable value in the present technical scenario.

Hoang Ngoc Long; Dang Van Soa; Tuan A. Tran

1994-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

30

absorption cross section: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

absorption cross section First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 ? absorption cross sections...

31

Analytical approximations for x-ray cross sections III  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report updates our previous work that provided analytical approximations to cross sections for both photoelectric absorption of photons by atoms and incoherent scattering of photons by atoms. This representation is convenient for use in programmable calculators and in computer programs to evaluate these cross sections numerically. The results apply to atoms of atomic numbers between 1 and 100 and for photon energiesgreater than or equal to10 eV. The photoelectric cross sections are again approximated by four-term polynomials in reciprocal powers of the photon energy. There are now more fitting intervals, however, than were used previously. The incoherent-scattering cross sections are based on the Klein-Nishina relation, but use simpler approximate equations for efficient computer evaluation. We describe the averaging scheme for applying these atomic results to any composite material. The fitting coefficients are included in tables, and the cross sections are shown graphically. 100 graphs, 1 tab.

Biggs, F; Lighthill, R

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Theoretical estimates of cross sections for neutron-nucleus collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct an analytical model derived from nuclear reaction theory and having a simple functional form to demonstrate the quantitative agreement with the measured cross sections for neutron induced reactions. The neutron-nucleus total, reaction and scattering cross sections, for energies ranging from 5 to 700 MeV and for several nuclei spanning a wide mass range are estimated. Systematics of neutron scattering cross sections on various materials for neutron energies upto several hundred MeV are important for ADSS applications. The reaction cross sections of neutrons are useful for determining the neutron induced fission yields in actinides and pre-actinides. The present model based on nuclear reaction theory provides good estimates of the total cross section for neutron induced reaction.

Tapan Mukhopadhyay; Joydev Lahiri; D. N. Basu

2011-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

33

Actinide Neutron-Induced Fission Cross Section Measurements At LANSCE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fission cross sections of a range of actinides have been measured at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) in support of nuclear energy applications in a wide energy range from sub thermal energies up to 200 MeV. Parallel-plate ionization chambers are used to measure fission cross sections ratios relative to the {sup 235}U standard while incident neutron energies are determined using the time-of-flight method. Recent measurements include the {sup 233,238}U, {sup 239-242}Pu and {sup 243}Am neutron-induced fission cross sections. Obtained data are presented in comparison with existing evaluations and previous data.

Tovesson, F.; Laptev, A. B. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos NM 87545 (United States); Hill, T. S. [Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls ID 83415 (United States)

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

averaged cross sections: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Relations between fusion cross sections and average angular momenta Nuclear Theory (arXiv) Summary: We study...

35

averaged cross section: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Relations between fusion cross sections and average angular momenta Nuclear Theory (arXiv) Summary: We study...

36

Cross section dependence of event rates at neutrino telescopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine the dependence of event rates at neutrino telescopes on the neutrino-nucleon cross section for neutrinos with energy above 1 PeV, and contrast the results with those for cosmic ray experiments. Scaling of the ...

Marfatia, Danny; Seckel, D.; McKay, D. W.; Hussain, S.

2006-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

37

Top quark pair cross section prospects in ATLAS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The observation of the top quark will be an important milestone in ATLAS. This talk reviews methods that ATLAS plans to use to observe the top quark pair production process and measure its cross section.

Andrei Gaponenko; for the ATLAS Collaboration

2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

38

Measurement of Heavy Quark cross-sections at CDF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The measurement of heavy quark cross-sections provides important tests of the QCD theory. This paper reviews recent measurements of single b-quark and correlated b-quark cross-sections at CDF. Two new measurements of the single b-quark production at CDF agree with the first result from CDF Run II. This clarifies the experimental situation and confirms the recent agreement of theoretical prediction with data. A new measurement of the correlated $b\\bar{b}$ cross-section with dimuon events at CDF is presented. It agrees with theory and it does not confirm the anomalously large $b\\bar{b}$ cross-section seen in Run I by CDF and D${\

A. Annovi

2007-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

39

absorptive cross sections: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

true metric. Sumit R. Das; Gary Gibbons; Samir D. Mathur 1996-09-06 16 Absorption Cross Section of Scalar Field in Supergravity Background HEP - Theory (arXiv) Summary: It has...

40

activation cross sections: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

S. Takcs; F. Ditri; J. Csikai; A. Hermanne; A. V. Ignatyuk 2013-10-24 19 Isolated Prompt Photon Cross Sections HEP - Phenomenology (arXiv) Summary: We show that the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical sonic cross-section" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

activation cross section: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

S. Takcs; F. Ditri; J. Csikai; A. Hermanne; A. V. Ignatyuk 2013-10-24 19 Isolated Prompt Photon Cross Sections HEP - Phenomenology (arXiv) Summary: We show that the...

42

Energy dependence of the total photoproduction cross section at HERA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The energy dependence of the total photon-proton cross-section is determined from data collected with the ZEUS detector at HERA with two different proton beam energies.

Aharon Levy

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Photoproduction models for total cross section and shower development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A model for the total photoproduction cross section based on the ansatz that resummation of infrared gluons limits the rise induced by QCD minijets in all the total cross-sections, is used to simulate extended air showers initiated by cosmic rays with the AIRES simulation program. The impact on common shower observables, especially those related with muon production, is analysed and compared with the corresponding results obtained with previous photoproduction models.

Fernando Cornet; Carlos Garcia Canal; Agnes Grau; Giulia Pancheri; Sergio Sciutto

2014-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

44

Derivation of capture cross section from quasielastic excitation function  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The relationship between the quasielastic excitation function and the capture cross section is derived. The quasielastic data is shown to be a useful tool to extract the capture cross sections and the angular momenta of the captured systems for the reactions $^{16}$O+$^{144,154}$Sm,$^{208}$Pb, $^{20}$Ne+$^{208}$Pb, and $^{32}$S+$^{90,96}$Zr at near and above the Coulomb barrier energies.

V. V. Sargsyan; G. G. Adamian; N. V. Antonenko; P. R. S. Gomes

2013-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

45

Equivalent radii of antennas with noncircular cross section  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1960 Ma]or Sub)ect: Electrical Engineering EQUIVALENT RADII OF ANTENNAS WITH NONCIRCULAR CROSS SECTION A Thesis By CHARLES WEN-HSUN SU Approved as to style and content by: (C airman of Conunittee) (Head of Department...EQUIVALENT RADII OF ANTENNAS WITH NONCIRCULAR CROSS SECTION A Thesis By CHARLES WEN-HSUN SU Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree...

Su, Charles Wen-Hsun

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

pi+- p differential cross sections at low energies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Differential cross sections for pi- p and pi+ p elastic scattering were measured at five energies between 19.9 and 43.3 MeV. The use of the CHAOS magnetic spectrometer at TRIUMF, supplemented by a range telescope for muon background suppression, provided simultaneous coverage of a large part of the full angular range, thus allowing very precise relative cross section measurements. The absolute normalization was determined with a typical accuracy of 5 %. This was verified in a simultaneous measurement of muon proton elastic scattering. The measured cross sections show some deviations from phase shift analysis predictions, in particular at large angles and low energies. From the new data we determine the real part of the isospin forward scattering amplitude.

H. Denz; P. Amaudruz; J.T. Brack; J. Breitschopf; P. Camerini; J.L. Clark; H. Clement; L. Felawka; E. Fragiacomo; E.F. Gibson; N. Grion; G.J. Hofman; B. Jamieson; E.L. Mathie; R. Meier; G. Moloney; D. Ottewell; O. Patarakin; J.D. Patterson; M.M. Pavan; S. Piano; K. Raywood; R.A. Ristinen; R. Rui; M.E. Sevior; G.R. Smith; J. Stahov; R. Tacik; G.J. Wagner; F. von Wrochem; D.M. Yeomans

2005-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

47

E-Print Network 3.0 - atomic displacement cross-sections Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: Background Data evaluation methodology (KIT) Displacement damage and gas production cross- section data... cross-section ddT : recoil energy distribution Ed :...

48

E-Print Network 3.0 - anniversary cross section Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

sections can also... material, usually a special copper or aluminium alloy (Fig. 7). The coil cross- section is usually between... tubular cross-sections. Fig 24: Modular...

49

E-Print Network 3.0 - australian cohort cross-sectional Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and cross- sectional data on pathogen frequency. The experimental... population, Pac and Frey (1991) present cross-sectional data suggesting that brucellosis frequency is...

50

E-Print Network 3.0 - alpha reactions cross-sections Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

+ Ag reaction for di27;erent cross sections, as a function of time. 12... ; 50 P. Danielewicz Another nuclear stopping observable has been the reaction cross section for...

51

Suppressed fusion cross section for neutron halo nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fusion reactions of neutron-halo nuclei are investigated theoretically with a three-body model. The time-dependent wave-packet method is used to solve the three-body Schrodinger equation. The halo neutron behaves as a spectator during the Coulomb dissociation process of the projectile. The fusion cross sections of 11Be-209Bi and 6He-238U are calculated and are compared with measurements. Our calculation indicates that the fusion cross section is slightly hindered by the presence of weakly bound neutrons.

Makoto Ito; Kazuhiro Yabana; Takashi Nakatsukasa; Manabu Ueda

2006-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

52

Sub-barrier Fusion Cross Sections with Energy Density Formalism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the applicability of the energy density formalism (EDF) for heavy-ion fusion reactions at sub-barrier energies. For this purpose, we calculate the fusion excitation function and the fusion barrier distribution for the reactions of $^{16}$O with $^{154,}$$^{144}$Sm,$^{186}$W and $^{208}$Pb with the coupled-channels method. We also discuss the effect of saturation property on the fusion cross section for the reaction between two $^{64}$Ni nuclei, in connection to the so called steep fall-off phenomenon of fusion cross sections at deep sub-barrier energies.

F. Muhammad Zamrun; K. Hagino; N. Takigawa

2006-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

53

Sub-barrier Fusion Cross Sections with Energy Density Formalism  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We discuss the applicability of the energy density formalism (EDF) for heavy-ion fusion reactions at sub-barrier energies. For this purpose, we calculate the fusion excitation function and the fusion barrier distribution for the reactions of 16O with 154,144Sm, 186W and 208Pb with the coupled-channels method. We also discuss the effect of saturation property on the fusion cross section for the reaction between two 64Ni nuclei, in connection to the so called steep fall-off phenomenon of fusion cross sections at deep sub-barrier energies.

Zamrun, Muhammad; Hagino, F. K.; Takigawa, N. [Department of Physics, Tohoku University, 980-8578 (Japan)

2006-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

54

Cross section for {sup 246}Cm subbarrier fission  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The cross section for {sup 246}Cm fission induced by neutrons of energy in the range 0.1 eV-20 keV was measured by the neutron lead slowing-down spectrometer (LSDS-100) of the Institute for Nuclear Research (INR, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow). The parameters of the resonance area and of the fission width were evaluated for several low-lying s-wave neutron resonances. The parameters of the intermediate structure in the cross section for the subbarrier fusion of {sup 246}Cm nuclei were found. The results obtained in this way were compared with available experimental data and with recommended evaluated data.

Alekseev, A. A.; Bergman, A. A.; Berlev, A. I.; Koptelov, E. A. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation); Samylin, B. F.; Trufanov, A. M.; Fursov, B. I.; Shorin, V. S., E-mail: shorin@ippe.r [Institute for Physics and Power Engineering (Russian Federation)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

55

Cross section for the subbarrier fission of {sup 244}Cm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The cross section for {sup 244}Cm fission induced by neutrons of energy in the range between 0.07 eV and 20 keV was measured by using the lead slowing-down spectrometer (LSDS-100) of the Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow). The parameters of the resonance areas were determined for the lowest eight s-wave neutron resonances, and the respective fission widths were evaluated. Also, the parameters of the intermediate structure in the cross section for the subbarrier fission of {sup 244}Cm nuclei were evaluated. The results were compared with available data and recommendations based on evaluations.

Alekseev, A. A.; Bergman, A. A.; Berlev, A. I.; Koptelov, E. A. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation); Samylin, B. F.; Svirin, M. I.; Trufanov, A. M.; Fursov, B. I.; Shorin, V. S., E-mail: shorin@ippe.r [Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (Russian Federation)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

56

Direct photon cross section with conversions at CDF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a measurement of the isolated direct photon cross section in p-pbar collisions at sqrt(s) = 1.8 TeV and |eta| gamma gamma and eta -> gamma gamma events we use a new background subtraction technique which takes advantage of the tracking information available in a photon conversion event. We find that the shape of the cross section as a function of pT is poorly described by next-to-leading-order QCD predictions, but agrees with previous CDF measurements.

CDF collaboration

2004-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

57

Nuclear Science and Technology, November 2000. NEUTRON CROSS SECTION EVALUATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear Science and Technology, November 2000. 1 NEUTRON CROSS SECTION EVALUATIONS FOR 238 U UP and Power Engineering, 249020 Obninsk, Russia A.Ventura ENEA, Nuclear Data Center and INFN, Bologna Section of the statistical description that includes direct, pre-equilibrium and equilibrium mechanisms of nuclear reactions

58

Soda Lake Well Lithology Data and Geologic Cross-Sections  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Comprehensive catalogue of drill?hole data in spreadsheet, shapefile, and Geosoft database formats. Includes XYZ locations of well heads, year drilled, type of well, operator, total depths, well path data (deviations), lithology logs, and temperature data. Plus, 13 cross?sections in Adobe Illustrator format.

Faulds, James E.

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

59

Phenomenology of SIDIS unpolarized cross sections and azimuthal asymmetries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I review the phenomenology of unpolarized cross sections and azimuthal asymmetries in semi-inclusive deeply inelastic scattering (SIDIS). The general theoretical framework is presented and the validity of the Gaussian model is discussed. A brief account of the existing analyses is provided.

Vincenzo Barone

2012-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

60

Fermion absorption cross section of a Schwarzschild black hole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the absorption of massive spin-half particles by a small Schwarzschild black hole by numerically solving the single-particle Dirac equation in Painleve-Gullstrand coordinates. We calculate the absorption cross section for a range of gravitational couplings Mm/m_P^2 and incident particle energies E. At high couplings, where the Schwarzschild radius R_S is much greater than the wavelength lambda, we find that the cross section approaches the classical result for a point particle. At intermediate couplings we find oscillations around the classical limit whose precise form depends on the particle mass. These oscillations give quantum violations of the equivalence principle. At high energies the cross section converges on the geometric-optics value of 27 \\pi R_S^2/4, and at low energies we find agreement with an approximation derived by Unruh. When the hole is much smaller than the particle wavelength we confirm that the minimum possible cross section approaches \\pi R_S^2/2.

Chris Doran; Anthony Lasenby; Sam Dolan; Ian Hinder

2005-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical sonic cross-section" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Absorption cross-section 139 Accumulation mode, of aerosol 146  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

133, 151 residence times 153 size distributions 144 Air composition 2 molecular weight 4, 6 Albedo 122 dioxide Coagulation (aerosol) 146 Column model 32 Conditional unstability 56 Continuity equation 75261 INDEX A Absorption cross-section 139 Accumulation mode, of aerosol 146 Acetaldehyde (CH3CHO

Jacob, Daniel J.

62

RZ calculations for self shielded multigroup cross sections  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A collision probability method has been implemented for RZ geometries. The method accounts for white albedo, specular and translation boundary condition on the top and bottom surfaces of the geometry and for a white albedo condition on the outer radial surface. We have applied the RZ CP method to the calculation of multigroup self shielded cross sections for Gadolinia absorbers in BWRs. (authors)

Li, M.; Sanchez, R.; Zmijarevic, I.; Stankovski, Z. [Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique CEA, Direction de l'Energie Nucleaire, DEN/DM2S/SERMA/LENR, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Extraction of Neutrino Flux from the Inclusive Muon Cross Section  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have studied a method to extract neutrino flux from the data of neutrino-nucleus reaction by using maximum entropy method. We demonstrate a promising example to extract neutrino flux from the inclusive cross section of muon production without selecting a particular reaction process such as quasi-elastic nucleon knockout.

Murata, Tomoya

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Extraction of Neutrino Flux from the Inclusive Muon Cross Section  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have studied a method to extract neutrino flux from the data of neutrino-nucleus reaction by using maximum entropy method. We demonstrate a promising example to extract neutrino flux from the inclusive cross section of muon production without selecting a particular reaction process such as quasi-elastic nucleon knockout.

Tomoya Murata; Toru Sato

2015-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

65

Determination of the stellar (n,$\\gamma$) cross section of $^{54}Fe$ with accelerator mass spectrometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Determination of the stellar (n,$\\gamma$) cross section of $^{54}Fe$ with accelerator mass spectrometry

Coquard, L; Dillmann, I; Wallner, A; Knie, K; Kutschera, W

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Experimental validation of lead cross sections for scale and MCNP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Moving spent nuclear fuel between facilities often requires the use of lead-shielded casks. Criticality safety that is based upon calculations requires experimental validation of the fuel matrix and lead cross section libraries. A series of critical experiments using a high-enriched uranium-aluminum fuel element with a variety of reflectors, including lead, has been identified. Twenty-one configurations were evaluated in this study. The fuel element was modelled for KENO V.a and MCNP 4a using various cross section sets. The experiments addressed in this report can be used to validate lead-reflected calculations. Factors influencing calculated k{sub eff} which require further study include diameters of styrofoam inserts and homogenization.

Henrikson, D.J.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

On the Wong cross section and fusion oscillations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We re-examine the well-known Wong formula for heavy-ion fusion cross sections. Although this celebrated formula yields almost exact results for single-channel calculations for relatively heavy systems such as $^{16}$O+$^{144}$Sm, it tends to overestimate the cross section for light systems such as $^{12}$C+$^{12}$C. We generalise the formula to take account of the energy dependence of the barrier parameters and show that the energy-dependent version gives results practically indistinguishable from a full quantal calculation. We then examine the deviations arising from the discrete nature of the intervening angular momenta, whose effect can lead to an oscillatory contribution to the excitation function. We recall some compact, analytic expressions for these oscillations, and highlight the important physical parameters that give rise to them. Oscillations in symmetric systems are discussed, as are systems where the target and projectile identities can be exchanged via a strong transfer channel.

Rowley, N

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Calculation of the cross section for top quark production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors summarize calculations of the cross section for top quark production at hadron colliders within the context of perturbative quantum chromodynamics, including resummation of the effects of initial-state soft gluon radiation to all orders in the strong coupling strength. In their approach they resume the universal leading-logarithm contributions, and they restrict the calculation to the region of phase space that is demonstrably perturbative. They compare the approach with other methods. They present predictions of the physical cross section as a function of the top quark mass in proton-antiproton reactions at center-of-mass energies of 1.8 and 2.0 TeV, and they discuss estimated uncertainties.

Berger, E.L.; Contopanagos, H. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). High Energy Physics Div.

1996-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

69

Accurate Development of Thermal Neutron Scattering Cross Section Libraries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this project is to develop a holistic (fundamental and accurate) approach for generating thermal neutron scattering cross section libraries for a collection of important enutron moderators and reflectors. The primary components of this approach are the physcial accuracy and completeness of the generated data libraries. Consequently, for the first time, thermal neutron scattering cross section data libraries will be generated that are based on accurate theoretical models, that are carefully benchmarked against experimental and computational data, and that contain complete covariance information that can be used in propagating the data uncertainties through the various components of the nuclear design and execution process. To achieve this objective, computational and experimental investigations will be performed on a carefully selected subset of materials that play a key role in all stages of the nuclear fuel cycle.

Hawari, Ayman; Dunn, Michael

2014-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

70

Cross section for fast neutron induced /sup 243/Cm fission  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors discuss a method for measuring the cross section of the fission of curium 243 which either eliminates or corrects for the interference arising from sister isotopes or from the half-life spontaneous fission of this isotope. Soda-lime glass was used as the detector material and uranium 235 as the calibration standard. The irradiation facility is described. Error estimates are given.

Fomushkin, E.F.; Novoselov, G.F.; Vinogradov, Yu.I.; Vyachin, V.N.; Gavrilov, V.V.; Koshelev, A.S.; Polynov, V.N.; Surin, V.M.; Shvetsov, A.M.

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Overview of recent U235 neutron cross section evaluation work  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is an overview (through 1997) of the U235 neutron cross section evaluation work at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), AEA Technology (Harwell) and Lockheed Martin Corp.-Schenectady (LMS), which has influenced, or appeared in, ENDF/B-VI through Release 5. The discussion is restricted to the thermal and resolved resonance regions, apart from some questions about the unresolved region which still need investigation. The important role which benchmark testing has played will be touched on.

Lubitz, C. [Lockheed Martin Corp., Schenectady, NY (United States)

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Updated Higgs cross section at approximate N$^3$LO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We update our estimate of the cross section for Higgs production in gluon fusion at next-to-next-to-next-to-leading order (N$^3$LO) in $\\alpha_s$ in view of the recent full computation of the result in the soft limit for infinite top mass, which determines a previously unknown constant. We briefly discuss the phenomenological implications. Results are available through the updated version of the ggHiggs code.

Marco Bonvini; Richard D. Ball; Stefano Forte; Simone Marzani; Giovanni Ridolfi

2014-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

73

W and Z cross sections at the Tevatron  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The CDF and D0 experiments at the Tevatron have used p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV to measure the cross section of W and Z boson production using several leptonic final states. An indirect measurement of the total W width has been extracted, and the lepton charge asymmetry in Drell-Yan production has been studied up to invariant masses of 600 GeV/c{sup 2}.

T. Dorigo

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Top Quark Production Cross Section at the Tevatron  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An overview of the preliminary results of the top quark pair production cross section measurements at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV carried out by the CDF and D0 collaborations is presented. The data samples used for the analyses are collected in the current Tevatron run and correspond to an integrated luminosity from 360 pb{sup -1} up to 760 pb{sup -1}.

Shabalina, E.; /Chicago U.

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Top quark pair production cross section at the Tevatron  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Top quark pair production cross section has been measured at the Tevatron by CDF and D0 collaborations using different channels and methods, in order to test standard model predictions, and to search for new physics hints affecting the t{bar t} production mechanism or decay. Measurements are carried out with an integrated luminosity of 1.0 to 2.0 fb{sup -1}, and are found to be consistent with standard model expectations.

Cortiana, Giorgio; /INFN, Padua /Padua U.

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Coupling Extraction From Off-Shell Cross-sections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this note, we present a novel method of extracting the couplings of a new heavy particle to the Standard Model states. Contrary to the usual discovery process which involves studying the on-shell production, we look at regions away from resonance to take advantage of the simple scaling of the cross-section with the couplings. We apply the procedure to the case of a heavy quark as an illustration.

Baradhwaj Coleppa; Tanumoy Mandal; Subhadip Mitra

2014-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

77

Froissart Bound on Inelastic Cross Section Without Unknown Constants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assuming that axiomatic local field theory results hold for hadron scattering, Andr\\'e Martin and S. M. Roy recently obtained absolute bounds on the D-wave below threshold for pion-pion scattering and thereby determined the scale of the logarithm in the Froissart bound on total cross sections in terms of pion mass only. Previously, Martin proved a rigorous upper bound on the inelastic cross-section $\\sigma_{inel}$ which is one-fourth of the corresponding upper bound on $\\sigma_{tot}$, and Wu, Martin,Roy and Singh improved the bound by adding the constraint of a given $\\sigma_{tot}$. Here we use unitarity and analyticity to determine, without any high energy approximation, upper bounds on energy averaged inelastic cross sections in terms of low energy data in the crossed channel. These are Froissart-type bounds without any unknown coefficient or unknown scale factors and can be tested experimentally. Alternatively, their asymptotic forms,together with the Martin-Roy absolute bounds on pion-pion D-waves below t...

Martin, André

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

From ZZ to ZH : How Low Can These Cross Sections Go or Everybody, Let's Cross Section Limbo!  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on two searches performed at the D0 detector at the Fermi National Laboratory. The first is a search for Z di-boson production with a theoretical cross section of 1.4 pb. The search was performed on 2.6 fb{sup -1} of data and contributed to the first observation of ZZ production at a hadron collider. The second is a search for a low mass Standard Model Higgs in 4.2 fb{sup -1} of data. The Higgs boson is produced in association with a Z boson where the Higgs decays hadronically and the Z decays to two leptons. The ZZ search was performed in both the di-electron and di-muon channels. For the ZH search, we will focus on the muonic decays where we expanded the traditional coverage by considering events in which one of the two muons fails the selection requirement, and is instead reconstructed as an isolated track. We consider Higgs masses between 100 and 150 GeV, with theoretical cross sections ranging from 0.17 to 0.042 pb, and set upper limits on the ZH production cross-section at 95% confidence level.

Strauss, Emanuel Alexandre; /SUNY, Stony Brook

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Hadronic Production of psi(2S) Cross section and Polarization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The hadronic production cross section and the polarization of {psi}(2S) meson are measured by using the data from p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV collected by the Collider Detector at Fermilab. The datasets used correspond to integrated luminosity of 1.1 fb{sup -1} and 800 pb{sup -1}, respectively. The decay {psi}(2S) {yields} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} is used to reconstruct {psi}(2S) mesons in the rapidity range |y({psi}(2S))| < 0.6. The coverage of the p{sub T} range is 2.0 GeV/c {le} p{sub T} ({psi}(2S)) < 30 GeV/c for the cross section analysis and pT {ge} 5 GeV/c for the polarization analysis. For events with p{sub T} ({psi}(2S)) > 2 GeV/c the integrated inclusive cross section multiplied by the branching ratio for dimuon decay is 3.17 {+-} 0.04 {+-} 0.28 nb . This result agrees with the CDF Run I measurement considering the increased center-of-mass energy from 1.8 TeV to 1.96 TeV. The polarization of the promptly produced {psi}(2S) mesons is found to be increasingly longitudinal as p{sub T} increases from 5 GeV/c to 30 GeV/c. The result is compared to contemporary theory models.

Chung, Kwangzoo; /Carnegie Mellon U.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Final Report - Nucelar Astrophysics & Neutron Cross Section Measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This enduring research program of 28 years has taken advantage of the excellent research facility of ORELA at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The fruitful collaborations include a number of scientists from ORNL and some from LASL. This program which has ranged from nuclear structure determinations to astrophysical applications has resulted in the identification and/or the refinement of the nuclear properties of more than 5,000 nuclear energy levels or compound energy states. The nuclei range from 30Si to 250Cf, the probes range from thermal to 50 MeV neutrons, and the studies range from capture gamma ray spectra to total and differential scattering and absorption cross sections. Specific target nuclei studied include the following: 120Sn 124Sn 125Sn 113Sn 115Sn 117Sn 119Sn 249Cf 33S 34S 249Bk 186Os 187Os 188Os 30Si 32S 40Ca 48Ca 60Ni 54Fe 86Kr 88Sr 40Ar 122Sn 90Zr 122Sn(n,?) 208Pb 204Pb 52Cr 54Cr 50Cr 53Cr As can be seen, we have studied, on average, more than one isotope per year of grant funding and have focused on exploiting those elements having multiple isotopes in order to investigate systematic trends in nuclear properties, for the purpose of providing more stringent tests of the nuclear spherical optical model with a surface imaginary potential. We have investigated an l-dependence of the real-well depth of the spherical optical model; we have used these measurements to deduce the existence of doorway states in the compound nucleus; and in the total cross section measurements we have, in addition to resonance energies and widths, obtained values for the level density and neutron strength function. Due to the high neutron energy resolution of the ORELA and in some cases the addition of differential scattering cross section data, we have been able to disaggregate the spin states and provide level spacing and strength function for each partial wave in the neutron-nucleus interaction, in some cases up to d5/2. In the following we will summarize the most recent analyses of neutron total cross section measurements, some of which have not been previously reported.

Carlton, Robert F

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical sonic cross-section" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Measurement of multi-jet cross sections at ATLAS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inclusive multi-jet production is studied using the ATLAS detector for proton-proton collisions with a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 2.43 pb^-1, using the first proton-proton data collected by the ATLAS detector in 2010. Results on multi-jet cross sections are presented and compared to both leading-order plus parton-shower Monte Carlo predictions and next-to-leading-order QCD calculations.

Matthew Tamsett on behalf of the ATLAS collaboration

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

82

Fission cross section calculations of actinides with EMPIRE code  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The cross sections of the neutron induced reactions on {sup 233,234,236}U, {sup 237}Np, {sup 238,242}Pu, {sup 241,243}Am, {sup 242,246}Cm carried out in the energy range 1 keV-20 MeV with EMPIRE code are presented, emphasizing the fission channel. Beside a consistent, accurate set of evaluations, the paper contains arguments supporting the choice of the reaction models and input parameters. A special attention is paid to the fission parameters and their uncertainties.

Sin, M.; Oblozinsky, P.; Herman,M.; Capote,R.

2010-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

83

Parton distributions with the combined HERA charm production cross sections  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Heavy quark structure functions from HERA provide a direct handle on the medium and small-x gluon PDF. In this contribution, we discuss ongoing progress on the implementation of the FONLL General-Mass scheme with running heavy quark masses, and of its benchmarking with the HOPPET and OpenQCDrad codes, and then present the impact of the recently released combined HERA charm production cross sections in the NNPDF 2.3 analysis. We find that the combined charm data contribute to constraining the gluon and quarks at small values of Bjorken-x.

Bertone, Valerio [Physikalisches Institut, Albert-Ludwigs-Universitaet Freiburg, Hermann-Herder-Strasse 3, D-79104 Freiburg i. B (Germany); Rojo, Juan [PH Department, TH Unit, CERN, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

84

Charge exchange and ionization cross sections of H{sup +}+H collision in dense quantum plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The plasma screening effects of dense quantum plasmas on H{sup +}+H charge exchange and ionization cross sections are calculated by the classical trajectory Monte Carlo method. For charge exchange cross sections, it is found that the screening effects reduce cross sections slightly in weak screening conditions. However, cross sections are reduced substantially in strong screening conditions. For ionization cross sections, with the increase of screening effects, cross sections for low energies increase more rapidly than those for high energies. When the screening effects are strong enough, it is found that ionization cross sections decrease with the increase of incident H{sup +} energy. In addition, the cross sections have been compared with those in weakly coupled plasmas. It is found that in weak screening conditions, plasma screening effects in the two plasmas are approximately the same, while in strong screening conditions, screening effects of dense quantum plasmas are stronger than those of weakly coupled plasmas.

Zhang, Ling-yu; Qi, Xin; Zhao, Xiao-ying; Meng, Dong-yuan; Xiao, Guo-qing [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou, Gansu 730000, China and University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China)] [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou, Gansu 730000, China and University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Duan, Wen-shan [Joint Laboratory of Atomic and Molecular Physics of NWNU and IMP CAS, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou, Gansu 730070 (China)] [Joint Laboratory of Atomic and Molecular Physics of NWNU and IMP CAS, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou, Gansu 730070 (China); Yang, Lei [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou, Gansu 730000, China and University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China) [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou, Gansu 730000, China and University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Department of Physics, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000 (China)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

85

A Comment on \\The Cross-Section of Volatility and Expected Returns": The Statistical Signi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on "The Cross-Section of Volatility and Expected Returns":on “The Cross-Section of Volatility and Expected Returns”:the pricing of aggregate volatility risk and idiosyncratic

Anderson, Robert M.; Bianchi, Stephen W.; Goldberg, Lisa R.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

E-Print Network 3.0 - ansl-v cross sections Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

) Cross Section Area, A, (in.2... ) relationship between cross section area and moment of inertia W27: I 167.8 A - 1674 W24: I 135.7 A - 1167 W... 3000 4000...

87

Validation of a cross-section interface for PARCS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper deals with the validation of a cross-section interface for the PARCS code. Such an interface, of which the development is reported in [1], allows providing realistic sets of material constants to PARCS, so that the full dependence of these data on history variables, instantaneous variables, and exposure can be accounted for. In order to check the proper implementation of this interface, the PARCS code was benchmarked against actual plant data (relative power distribution throughout the core and criticality condition). For that purpose, the Swedish Ringhals-3 Pressurized Water Reactor was considered. Different fuel cycles and within each cycle different core exposures were investigated. The cross-section data for each fuel/reflector assembly constituting the considered cores were created accordingly. The spatial distributions of the instantaneous conditions, of the history effects, as well as of the burnup, were taken from the results of SIMULATE-3 calculations. It was found that PARCS was able to reproduce the relative distribution of the power within the core. Both the measured axial and radial power profiles were correctly calculated by PARCS. On the average, the deviation between the calculated and measured power distributions is within acceptable limits. Concerning the determination of the core criticality, the deviation of the effective multiplication factor from unity is typically within {+-}200 pcm. (authors)

Staalek, M.; Demaziere, C. [Dept. of Nuclear Engineering, Chalmers Univ. of Technology, 412 96 Goeteborg (Sweden)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Effect of strongly coupled plasma on photoionization cross section  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of strongly coupled plasma on the ground state photoionization cross section is studied. In the non relativistic dipole approximation, cross section is evaluated from bound-free transition matrix element. The bound and free state wave functions are obtained by solving the radial Schrodinger equation with appropriate plasma potential. We have used ion sphere potential (ISP) to incorporate the plasma effects in atomic structure calculation. This potential includes the effect of static plasma screening on nuclear charge as well as the effect of confinement due to the neighbouring ions. With ISP, the radial equation is solved using Shooting method approach for hydrogen like ions (Li{sup +2}, C{sup +5}, Al{sup +12}) and lithium like ions (C{sup +3}, O{sup +5}). The effect of strong screening and confinement is manifested as confinement resonances near the ionization threshold for both kinds of ions. The confinement resonances are very much dependent on the edge of the confining potential and die out as the plasma density is increased. Plasma effect also results in appearance of Cooper minimum in lithium like ions, which was not present in case of free lithium like ions. With increasing density the position of Cooper minimum shifts towards higher photoelectron energy. The same behaviour is also true for weakly coupled plasma where plasma effect is modelled by Debye-Huckel potential.

Das, Madhusmita, E-mail: msdas@barc.gov.in [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology, Powai, Mumbai 400076, India and Theoretical Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Mumbai 400085 (India)] [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology, Powai, Mumbai 400076, India and Theoretical Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Mumbai 400085 (India)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

89

Neutron cross section standards and instrumentation. Annual report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this interagency program is to provide accurate neutron interaction measurements for the US Department of Energy nuclear programs which include waste disposal, fusion, safeguards, defense, fission, and personnel protection. These measurements are also useful to other energy programs which indirectly use the unique properties of the neutron for diagnostic and analytical purposes. The work includes the measurement of reference cross sections and related neutron data employing unique facilities and capabilities at NIST and other laboratories as required; leadership and participation in international intercomparisons and collaborations; the preservation of standard reference deposits and the development of improved neutron detectors and measurement methods. A related and essential element of the program is critical evaluation of neutron interaction data including international coordinations. Data testing of critical data for important applications is included. The program is jointly supported by the Department of Energy and the National Institute of Standards and Technology. This report from the National Institute of Standards and Technology contains a summary of the accomplishments of the Neutron Cross Section Standards and Instrumentation Project during the third year of this three-year interagency agreement. The proposed program and required budget for the following three years are also presented. The program continues the shifts in priority instituted in order to broaden the program base.

Wasson, O.A.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Deeply virtual Compton Scattering cross section measured with CLAS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Generalized Parton Distributions (GPDs) provide a new description of nucleon structure in terms of its elementary constituents, the quarks and the gluons. Including and extending the information provided by the form factors and the parton distribution functions, they describe the correlation between the transverse position and the longitudinal momentum fraction of the partons in the nucleon. Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering (DVCS), the electroproduction of a real photon on a single quark in the nucleon eN --> e'N'g, is the exclusive process most directly interpretable in terms of GPDs. A dedicated experiment to study DVCS with the CLAS detector at Jefferson Lab has been carried out using a 5.9-GeV polarized electron beam and an unpolarized hydrogen target, allowing us to collect DVCS events in the widest kinematic range ever explored in the valence region : 1.0 < Q2 < 4.6 GeV2, 0.1 < xB < 0.58 and 0.09 < -t < 2.0 GeV2. In this paper, we show preliminary results of unpolarized cross sections and of polarized cross section differences for the DVCS channel.

Guegan, Baptistse [Institut de Physique Nucleaire, Orsay

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

CROSS SECTION EVALUATIONS FOR ENDF/B-VII.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the final report of the work performed under the LANL contract on neutron cross section evaluations for ENDF/B-VII (April 2005-May 2006). The purpose of the contract was to ensure seamless integration of the LANL neutron cross section evaluations in the new ENDF/B-VII library. The following work was performed: (1) LANL evaluated data files submitted for inclusion in ENDF/B-VII were checked and, when necessary, formal formatting errors were corrected. As a consequence, ENDF checking codes, run on all LANL files, do not report any errors that would rise concern. (2) LANL dosimetry evaluations for {sup 191}Ir and {sup 193}Ir were completed to match ENDF requirements for the general purpose library suitable for transport calculations. A set of covariances for both isotopes is included in the ENDF files. (3) Library of fission products was assembled and successfully tested with ENDF checking codes, processed with NJOY-99.125 and simple MCNP calculations. (4) KALMAN code has been integrated with the EMPIRE system to allow estimation of covariances based on the combination of measurements and model calculations. Covariances were produced for 155,157-Gd and also for 6 remaining isotopes of Gd.

HERMAN, M.; ROCHMAN, D.; OBLOZINSKY, P.

2006-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

92

Neutron Thermal Cross Sections, Westcott Factors, Resonance Integrals, Maxwellian Averaged Cross Sections and Astrophysical Reaction Rates Calculated from Major Evaluated Data Libraries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present calculations of neutron thermal cross sections, Westcott factors, resonance integrals, Maxwellianaveraged cross sections and astrophysical reaction rates for 843 ENDF materials using data from the major evaluated nuclear libraries and European activation file. Extensive analysis of newly-evaluated neutron reaction cross sections, neutron covariances, and improvements in data processing techniques motivated us to calculate nuclear industry and neutron physics quantities, produce s-process Maxwellian-averaged cross sections and astrophysical reaction rates, systematically calculate uncertainties, and provide additional insights on currently available neutron-induced reaction data. Nuclear reaction calculations are discussed and new results are presented.

Pritychenko, B

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Phenomenological description of neutron capture cross sections at 30 keV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Studying published data of Maxwellian averaged neutron capture cross sections, we found simple phenomenological rules obeyed by the cross sections as a function of proton and neutron number. We use these rules to make predictions for cross sections of neutron capture on nuclei with proton number above 83, where very few data are available.

Miklos Kiss; Zoltan Trocsanyi

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

PRD draft 1 Direct photon cross section with conversions at CDF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PRD draft 1 Direct photon cross section with conversions at CDF The CDF collaboration October 8]. The direct photon cross section measurement with conversions therefore serves as a cross check, 2003 Abstract We present a measurement of the isolated direct photon cross section in p#22;p collisions

Fermilab

95

SCWR Once-Through Calculations for Transmutation and Cross Sections  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is the purpose of this report to document the calculation of (1) the isotopic evolution and of (2) the 1-group cross sections as a function of burnup of the reference Super Critical Water Reactor (SCWR), in a format suitable for the Fuel Cycle Option Campaign Transmutation Data Library. The reference SCWR design was chosen to be that described in [McDonald, 2005]. Super Critical Water Reactors (SCWR) are intended to operate with super-critical water (i.e. H2O at a pressure above 22 MPa and a temperature above 373oC) as a cooling – and possibly also moderating – fluid. The main mission of the SCWR is to generate lower cost electricity, as compared to current standard Light Water Reactors (LWR). Because of the high operating pressure and temperature, SCWR feature a substantially higher thermal conversion efficiency than standard LWR – i.e. about 45% versus 33%, mostly due to an increase in the exit water temperature from ~300oC to ~500oC – potentially resulting in a lower cost of generated electricity. The coolant remains single phase throughout the reactor and the energy conversion system, thus eliminating the need for pressurizers, steam generators, steam separators and dryers, further potentially reducing the reactor construction capital cost. The SCWR concept presented here is based on existing LWR technology and on a large number of existing fossil-fired supercritical boilers. However, it was concluded in [McDonald, 2005], that: “Based on the results of this study, it appears that the reference SCWR design is not feasible.” This conclusion appears based on the strong sensitivity of the design to small deviations in nominal conditions leading to small effects having a potentially large impact on the peak cladding temperature of some fuel rods. “This was considered a major feasibility issue for the SCWR” [McDonald, 2005]. After a description of the reference SCWR design, the Keno V 3-D single assembly model used for this analysis, as well as the calculated results, are presented. Additionally, the follwing information, presented in the appendixes, is intended to provide enough guidance that a researcher repeating the same task in the future should be able to obtain a vector of nuclei and cross sections ready for insertion into the transmutation library without any need for further instructions: (1) Complete TRITON/KENO-V input used for the analysis; (2) Inputs and detailed description of the usage of the OPUS utility, used to postproces and to extract the nuclei concentrations for the transmutation library; (3) Inputs and detailed description of the usage of the XSECLIST utility, used to postproces and to extract the 1-group cross sections for the transmutation library; (4) Details of an ad-hoc utility program developed to sort the nuclei and cross sections for the transmutation library.

ganda, francesco (090771)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Calculations on permanent-magnet quadrupoles with nonrectangular cross section  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The current trend toward higher frequencies to power drift-tube linacs (DTLs) and coupled-cavity linacs (CCLs) reduces the space available for quadrupole focusing magnets. Similarly, the space available for matching sections between linac sections is limited, and often the matching section bunchers are designed in odd shapes to make them fit. This shaping further restricts focusing magnet space. One approach to attaining sufficient quadrupole strength is such situations is to use rare-earth permanent-magnet quadrupoles (PMQs) with cross sections tailored to fill as much of the available space as possible. In this paper, we describe some techniques we have developed to calculate the properties of such magnets both singly and when other magnets are nearby. 3 refs., 4 figs.

Boicourt, G.P.; Merson, J.L.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

The stellar (n,gamma) cross section of 62Ni  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The 62Ni(n,gamma)63Ni(t_1/2=100+-2 yrs) reaction plays an important role in the control of the flow path of the slow neutron-capture (s-) nucleosynthesis process. We have measured for the first time the total cross section of this reaction for a quasi-Maxwellian (kT = 25 keV) neutron flux. The measurement was performed by fast-neutron activation, combined with accelerator mass spectrometry to detect directly the 63Ni product nuclei. The experimental value of 28.4+-2.8 mb, fairly consistent with a recent theoretical estimate, affects the calculated net yield of 62Ni itself and the whole distribution of nuclei with 62

98

AFCI-2.0 Neutron Cross Section Covariance Library  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The cross section covariance library has been under development by BNL-LANL collaborative effort over the last three years. The project builds on two covariance libraries developed earlier, with considerable input from BNL and LANL. In 2006, international effort under WPEC Subgroup 26 produced BOLNA covariance library by putting together data, often preliminary, from various sources for most important materials for nuclear reactor technology. This was followed in 2007 by collaborative effort of four US national laboratories to produce covariances, often of modest quality - hence the name low-fidelity, for virtually complete set of materials included in ENDF/B-VII.0. The present project is focusing on covariances of 4-5 major reaction channels for 110 materials of importance for power reactors. The work started under Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) in 2008, which changed to Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) in 2009. With the 2011 release the name has changed to the Covariance Multigroup Matrix for Advanced Reactor Applications (COMMARA) version 2.0. The primary purpose of the library is to provide covariances for AFCI data adjustment project, which is focusing on the needs of fast advanced burner reactors. Responsibility of BNL was defined as developing covariances for structural materials and fission products, management of the library and coordination of the work; LANL responsibility was defined as covariances for light nuclei and actinides. The COMMARA-2.0 covariance library has been developed by BNL-LANL collaboration for Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative applications over the period of three years, 2008-2010. It contains covariances for 110 materials relevant to fast reactor R&D. The library is to be used together with the ENDF/B-VII.0 central values of the latest official release of US files of evaluated neutron cross sections. COMMARA-2.0 library contains neutron cross section covariances for 12 light nuclei (coolants and moderators), 78 structural materials and fission products, and 20 actinides. Covariances are given in 33-energy groups, from 10?5 eV to 19.6 MeV, obtained by processing with LANL processing code NJOY using 1/E flux. In addition to these 110 files, the library contains 20 files with nu-bar covariances, 3 files with covariances of prompt fission neutron spectra (238,239,240-Pu), and 2 files with mu-bar covariances (23-Na, 56-Fe). Over the period of three years several working versions of the library have been released and tested by ANL and INL reactor analysts. Useful feedback has been collected allowing gradual improvements of the library. In addition, QA system was developed to check basic properties and features of the whole library, allowing visual inspection of uncertainty and correlations plots, inspection of uncertainties of integral quantities with independent databases, and dispersion of cross sections between major evaluated libraries. The COMMARA-2.0 beta version of the library was released to ANL and INL reactor analysts in October 2010. The final version, described in the present report, was released in March 2011.

Herman, M.; Herman, M; Oblozinsky, P.; Mattoon, C.M.; Pigni, M.; Hoblit, S.; Mughabghab, S.F.; Sonzogni, A.; Talou, P.; Chadwick, M.B.; Hale, G.M.; Kahler, A.C.; Kawano, T.; Little, R.C.; Yount, P.G.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

AFCI-2.0 Library of Neutron Cross Section Covariances  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neutron cross section covariance library has been under development by BNL-LANL collaborative effort over the last three years. The primary purpose of the library is to provide covariances for the Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) data adjustment project, which is focusing on the needs of fast advanced burner reactors. The covariances refer to central values given in the 2006 release of the U.S. neutron evaluated library ENDF/B-VII. The preliminary version (AFCI-2.0beta) has been completed in October 2010 and made available to the users for comments. In the final 2.0 release, covariances for a few materials were updated, in particular new LANL evaluations for {sup 238,240}Pu and {sup 241}Am were adopted. BNL was responsible for covariances for structural materials and fission products, management of the library and coordination of the work, while LANL was in charge of covariances for light nuclei and for actinides.

Herman, M.; Herman,M.; Oblozinsky,P.; Mattoon,C.; Pigni,M.; Hoblit,S.; Mughabghab,S.F.; Sonzogni,A.; Talou,P.; Chadwick,M.B.; Hale.G.M.; Kahler,A.C.; Kawano,T.; Little,R.C.; Young,P.G.

2011-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

100

Infrared Safety in Factorized Hard Scattering Cross-Sections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The rules of soft-collinear effective theory can be used naively to write hard scattering cross-sections as convolutions of separate hard, jet, and soft functions. One condition required to guarantee the validity of such a factorization is the infrared safety of these functions in perturbation theory. Using e+e- angularity distributions as an example, we propose and illustrate an intuitive method to test this infrared safety at one loop. We look for regions of integration in the sum of Feynman diagrams contributing to the jet and soft functions where the integrals become infrared divergent. Our analysis is independent of an explicit infrared regulator, clarifies how to distinguish infrared and ultraviolet singularities in pure dimensional regularization, and demonstrates the necessity of taking zero-bins into account to obtain infrared-safe jet functions.

Andrew Hornig; Christopher Lee; Grigory Ovanesyan

2009-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical sonic cross-section" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Elastic Cross Sections for Electron Collisions with Molecules Relevant to Plasma Processing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Absolute electron-impact cross sections for molecular targets, including their radicals, are important in developing plasma reactors and testing various plasma processing gases. Low-energy electron collision data for these gases are sparse and only the limited cross section data are available. In this report, elastic cross sections for electron-polyatomic molecule collisions are compiled and reviewed for 17 molecules relevant to plasma processing. Elastic cross sections are essential for the absolute scale conversion of inelastic cross sections, as well as for testing computational methods. Data are collected and reviewed for elastic differential, integral, and momentum transfer cross sections and, for each molecule, the recommended values of the cross section are presented. The literature has been surveyed through early 2010.

Yoon, J.-S.; Song, M.-Y.; Kato, H.; Hoshino, M.; Tanaka, H.; Brunger, M. J.; Buckman, S. J.; Cho, H. [National Fusion Research Institute, Gwahangno 113, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-333 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Material and Life Sciences, Sophia University, Tokyo 102-8554 (Japan); ARC Centre for Antimatter-Matter Studies, School of Chemical and Physical Sciences, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, South Australia 5001 (Australia); ARC Centre for Antimatter-Matter Studies, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200 (Australia); Physics Department, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764 (Korea, Republic of)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

102

Sonic spectrometer and treatment system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A novel system and method is developed for treating an object with sonic waveforms. A traveling broad-band sonic waveform containing a broad-band of sonic frequencies is radiated at the object. A traveling reflected sonic waveform containing sonic frequencies reflected by the object is received in response to the traveling broad-band sonic waveform. A traveling transmitted sonic waveform containing sonic frequencies transmitted through the object is also received in response to the traveling broad-band sonic waveform. In a resonance mode, the frequency spectra of the broad-band and reflected sonic waveforms is analyzed so as to select one or more sonic frequencies that cause the object to resonate. An electrical resonance treatment sonic waveform containing the sonic frequencies that cause the object to resonate is then radiated at the object so as to treat the object. In an absorption mode, the frequency spectra of the electrical broad-band, reflected, and transmitted sonic waveforms is compared so as to select one or more sonic frequencies that are absorbed by the object. An electrical absorption treatment sonic waveform containing the sonic frequencies that are absorbed by the object is then radiated at the object so as to treat the object. 1 fig.

Slomka, B.J.

1997-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

103

Sonic spectrometer and treatment system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A novel system and method for treating an object with sonic waveforms. A traveling broad-band sonic waveform containing a broad-band of sonic frequencies is radiated at the object. A traveling reflected sonic waveform containing sonic frequencies reflected by the object is received in response to the traveling broad-band sonic waveform. A traveling transmitted sonic waveform containing sonic frequencies transmitted through the object is also received in response to the traveling broad-band sonic waveform. In a resonance mode, the frequency spectra of the broad-band and reflected sonic waveforms is analyzed so as to select one or more sonic frequencies that cause the object to resonate. An electrical resonance treatment sonic waveform containing the sonic frequencies that cause the object to resonate is then radiated at the object so as to treat the object. In an absorption mode, the frequency spectra of the electrical broad-band, reflected, and transmitted sonic waveforms is compared so as to select one or more sonic frequencies that are absorbed by the object. An electrical absorption treatment sonic waveform containing the sonic frequencies that are absorbed by the object is then radiated at the object so as to treat the object.

Slomka, Bogdan J. (Ames, IA)

1997-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

104

Application of nuclear models to neutron nuclear cross section calculations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nuclear theory is used increasingly to supplement and extend the nuclear data base that is available for applied studies. Areas where theoretical calculations are most important include the determination of neutron cross sections for unstable fission products and transactinide nuclei in fission reactor or nuclear waste calculations and for meeting the extensive dosimetry, activation, and neutronic data needs associated with fusion reactor development, especially for neutron energies above 14 MeV. Considerable progress has been made in the use of nuclear models for data evaluation and, particularly, in the methods used to derive physically meaningful parameters for model calculations. Theoretical studies frequently involve use of spherical and deformed optical models, Hauser-Feshbach statistical theory, preequilibrium theory, direct-reaction theory, and often make use of gamma-ray strength function models and phenomenological (or microscopic) level density prescriptions. The development, application, and limitations of nuclear models for data evaluation are discussed, with emphasis on the 0.1 to 50 MeV energy range. (91 references).

Young, P.G.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Transrelativistic Synchrotron Emissivity, Cross-Section, and Polarization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The spectrum and polarization produced by particles spiraling in a magnetic field undergo dramatic changes as the emitters transition from nonrelativistic to relativistic energies. However, none of the currently available methods for calculating the characteristics of this radiation field are adequate for the purpose of sustaining accuracy and speed of computation in the intensity, and none even attempt to provide a means of determining the polarization fraction other than in the cyclotron or synchrotron limits. But the transrelativistic regime, which we here find to lie between $5\\times 10^7$ K and $5\\times 10^9$ K for a thermal plasma, is becoming increasingly important in high-energy astrophysical environments, such as in the intra-cluster medium, and in the accretion flows of supermassive black holes. In this paper, we present simple, yet highly accurate, fitting formulae for the magnetobremsstrahlung (also known as cyclo-synchrotron) emissivity, its polarization fraction (and content), and the absorption cross-section. We demonstrate that both the harmonic and high-energy limiting behavior are well represented, incurring at most an error of $\\sim 5%$ throughout the transition region.

Brandon Wolfe; Fulvio Melia

2005-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

106

Neutrino constraints on the dark matter total annihilation cross section  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the indirect detection of dark matter through its annihilation products, the signals depend on the square of the dark matter density, making precise knowledge of the distribution of dark matter in the Universe critical for robust predictions. Many studies have focused on regions where the dark matter density is greatest, e.g., the galactic center, as well as on the cosmic signal arising from all halos in the Universe. We focus on the signal arising from the whole Milky Way halo; this is less sensitive to uncertainties in the dark matter distribution, and especially for flatter profiles, this halo signal is larger than the cosmic signal. We illustrate this by considering a dark matter model in which the principal annihilation products are neutrinos. Since neutrinos are the least detectable standard model particles, a limit on their flux conservatively bounds the dark matter total self-annihilation cross section from above. By using the Milky Way halo signal, we show that previous constraints using the cosmic signal can be improved on by 1-2 orders of magnitude; dedicated experimental analyses should be able to improve both by an additional 1-2 orders of magnitude.

Yueksel, Hasan [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Horiuchi, Shunsaku [Department of Physics, School of Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Beacom, John F. [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Ando, Shin'ichiro [California Institute of Technology, Mail Code 130-33, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States)

2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

107

Radar-cross-section reduction of wind turbines. part 1.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In recent years, increasing deployment of large wind-turbine farms has become an issue of growing concern for the radar community. The large radar cross section (RCS) presented by wind turbines interferes with radar operation, and the Doppler shift caused by blade rotation causes problems identifying and tracking moving targets. Each new wind-turbine farm installation must be carefully evaluated for potential disruption of radar operation for air defense, air traffic control, weather sensing, and other applications. Several approaches currently exist to minimize conflict between wind-turbine farms and radar installations, including procedural adjustments, radar upgrades, and proper choice of low-impact wind-farm sites, but each has problems with limited effectiveness or prohibitive cost. An alternative approach, heretofore not technically feasible, is to reduce the RCS of wind turbines to the extent that they can be installed near existing radar installations. This report summarizes efforts to reduce wind-turbine RCS, with a particular emphasis on the blades. The report begins with a survey of the wind-turbine RCS-reduction literature to establish a baseline for comparison. The following topics are then addressed: electromagnetic model development and validation, novel material development, integration into wind-turbine fabrication processes, integrated-absorber design, and wind-turbine RCS modeling. Related topics of interest, including alternative mitigation techniques (procedural, at-the-radar, etc.), an introduction to RCS and electromagnetic scattering, and RCS-reduction modeling techniques, can be found in a previous report.

Brock, Billy C.; Loui, Hung; McDonald, Jacob J.; Paquette, Joshua A.; Calkins, David A.; Miller, William K.; Allen, Steven E.; Clem, Paul Gilbert; Patitz, Ward E.

2012-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

108

Neutrino oscillation studies and the neutrino cross section  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The present uncertainties in the knowledge of the neutrino cross sections for E_nu \\sim 1 GeV, that is in the energy range most important for atmospheric and long baseline accelerator neutrinos, are large. These uncertainties do not play a significant role in the interpretation of existing data, however they could become a limiting factor in future studies that aim at a complete and accurate determination of the neutrino oscillation parameters. New data and theoretical understanding on nuclear effects and on the electromagnetic structure functions at low Q^2 and in the resonance production region are available, and can be valuable in reducing the present systematic uncertainties. The collaboration of physicists working in different subfields will be important to obtain the most from this available information. It is now also possible, with the facilities developed for long baseline beams, to produce high intensity and well controlled neutrino beams to measure the neutrino interaction properties with much better precision that what was done in the past. Several projects and ideas to fully exploit these possibilities are under active investigation. These topics have been the object of the first neutrino interaction (NUINT01) workshop.

Paolo Lipari

2002-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

109

Rise of Kp Total Cross Section and Universality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The increase of the measured hadronic total cross sections at the highest energies is empirically described by squared log of center-of-mass energy sqrt s as sigma(tot)= B (log s)2, consistent with the energy dependence of the Froissart unitarity bound. The coefficient B is argued to have a universal value, but this is not proved directly from QCD. In the previous tests of this universality, the p(pbar)p, pi p, and K p forward scatterings were analyzed independently and found to be consistent with B(pp) = B(pip) = B(Kp), although the determined value of B(Kp) had large uncertainty. In the present work, we have further analyzed forward Kp scattering to obtain a more exact value of B(Kp). Making use of continuous moment sum rules(CMSR) we have fully exploited the information of low-energy scattering data to predict the high-energy behavior of the amplitude hrough duality. The estimation of B(Kp) is improved remarkably, and our result strongly supports the universality of B.

Muneyuki Ishida; Vernon Barger

2011-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

110

Measurement of electron neutrino CCQE-like cross-section in MINERvA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The electron-neutrino charged-current quasi-elastic (CCQE) cross-section on nuclei is an important input parameter to appearance-type neutrino oscillation experiments. Current experiments typically work from the muon neutrino cross-section and apply corrections from theoretical arguments to obtain a prediction for the electron neutrino cross-section, but to date there has been no experimental verification of the estimates for this channel at an energy scale appropriate to such experiments. We present a preliminary result from the MINERvA experiment on the first measurement of an exclusive reaction in few-GeV electron neutrino interactions, namely, the cross-section for a CCQE-like process. The result is given both as differential cross-sections vs. the electron energy, electron angle, and $Q^{2}$, as well as a total cross-section vs. neutrino energy.

Wolcott, Jeremy

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Enhanced Fusion-Evaporation Cross Sections in Neutron-Rich $^{132}$Sn on $^{64}$Ni  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evaporation residue cross sections have been measured with neutron-rich radioactive $^{132}$Sn beams on $^{64}$Ni in the vicinity of the Coulomb barrier. The average beam intensity was $2\\times 10^{4}$ particles per second and the smallest cross section measured was less than 5 mb. Large subbarrier fusion enhancement was observed. Coupled-channels calculations taking into account inelastic excitation and neutron transfer underpredict the measured cross sections below the barrier.

J. F. Liang; D. Shapira; C. J. Gross; J. R. Beene; J. D. Bierman; A. Galindo-Uribarri; J. Gomez del Campo; P. A. Hausladen; Y. Larochelle; W. Loveland; P. E. Mueller; D. Peterson; D. C. Radford; D. W. Stracener; R. L. Varner

2003-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

112

Influence of the ab-initio nd cross sections in the critical heavy-water benchmarks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The n-d elastic and breakup cross sections are computed by solving the three-body Faddeev equations for realistic and semi-realistic Nucleon-Nucleon potentials. These cross sections are inserted in the Monte Carlo simulation of the nuclear processes considered in the International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments (ICSBEP). The results obtained using thes ab initio n-d cross sections are compared with those provided by the most renown international libraries.

B. Morillon; R. Lazauskas; J. Carbonell

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

113

Influence of the ab-initio nd cross sections in the critical heavy-water benchmarks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The n-d elastic and breakup cross sections are computed by solving the three-body Faddeev equations for realistic and semi-realistic Nucleon-Nucleon potentials. These cross sections are inserted in the Monte Carlo simulation of the nuclear processes considered in the International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments (ICSBEP). The results obtained using thes ab initio n-d cross sections are compared with those provided by the most renown international libraries.

Morillon, B; Carbonell, J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Differential cross sections for the ionization of oriented H2 molecules by electron-impact  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A nonperturbative close-coupling technique is used to calculate differential cross sections for the electron-impact ionization of H{sub 2} at an energy of 35.4 eV. Our approach allows cross sections for any orientation of the molecule with respect to the incident electron beam to be analyzed. New features in the resulting cross sections are found compared with the case where the molecular orientation is averaged, and also with cross sections for He at equivalent electron kinematics. When averaged over all possible molecular orientations, good agreement is found with recent experimental results.

Colgan, James P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Pindzola, M S [AUBURN UNIV; Kaiser, C [UNIV MANCHESTER; Madison, D H [MISSOURI INST.; Robicheaux, F [AUBURN UNIV; Balance, J [ROLLINS COLLEGE

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

ageing melsha cross-sectional: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Astrophysics (arXiv) Summary: We review and analyze the available information for nuclear fusion cross sections that are most important for solar energy generation and...

116

Measurement on the thermal neutron capture cross section of w-180  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have measured the thermal neutron capture cross section for w-180 nucleus. There is only one previous data on this cross section with a value of 30 $^{+300%}_{-100%}$ barn. To consider w-181 as a low energy neutrino source, the thermal neutron capture cross section should be measured more precisely to estimate the production rate of w-181 inside a nuclear reactor. We measured the cross section of w-180 with a natural tungsten foil and obtained a new value of 21.9 $\\pm$ 2.5 barn

W. G. Kang; Y. D. Kim; J. I. Lee; I. S. Hahn; A. R. Kim; H. J. Kim

2007-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

117

Measurements of Neutron Induced Cross Sections at the Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have used the Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator (ORELA) to measure neutron total and the fission cross sections of 233U in the energy range from 0.36 eV to ~700 keV. We report average fission and total cross sections. Also, we measured the neutron total cross sections of 27Al and Natural chlorine as well as the capture cross section of Al over an energy range from 100 eV up to about 400 keV.

Guber, K.H.; Harvey, J.A.; Hill, N.W.; Koehler, P.E.; Leal, L.C.; Sayer, R.O.; Spencer, R.R.

1999-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

118

Influence of projectile neutron number on cross section in cold fusion reactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ON CROSS SECTION IN COLD FUSION REACTIONS I. Dragojevi? ,type of reaction has been referred to as “cold fusion. ”The study of cold fusion reactions is an indispensable

Dragojevic, I.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

E-Print Network 3.0 - amplitudes cross sections Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Physics 3 Physics Letters A 302 (2002) 225228 www.elsevier.comlocatepla Summary: amplitude and of the extinction cross-section from measurements at arbitrary...

120

MC2-3: Multigroup Cross-Sections for Fast Reactors | Argonne...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

or simplified R-Z core models. The resulting microscopic cross sections are used for fast reactor design and analysis calculations. Applications Nuclear fast reactor simulations...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical sonic cross-section" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Measurement of the thermal neutron capture cross section of {sup 180}W  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We measured the thermal neutron capture cross section for the {sup 180}W nucleus. There is only one previous measurement with regard to this cross section, and it yielded a value of 30 -100%+300% b. To determine whether {sup 181}W is an appropriate low energy neutrino source, the thermal neutron capture cross section should be measured more precisely to estimate the production rate of {sup 181}W inside a nuclear reactor. We measured the cross section of {sup 180}W using a natural tungsten foil and obtained a value of 22.6{+-}1.7 b.

Kang, W. G.; Kim, Y. D.; Lee, J. I.; Hahn, I. S.; Kim, A. R.; Kim, H. J. [Department of Physics, Sejong University, Seoul 143-747 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Science Education, Ewha Woman's University, Seoul 120-750 (Korea, Republic of); Physics Department, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 702-701 (Korea, Republic of)

2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

122

E-Print Network 3.0 - anatomic cross sections Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: by replicating a 2-D autoradiographic cross section of a mouse labelled with F18-FDG. A digital photograph... generated by replicating a 2-D autoradiographic cross...

123

Development and validation of a cross-section interface for PARCS Mathias Stlek, Christophe Demazire *  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Development and validation of a cross-section interface for PARCS Mathias StĂĄlek, Christophe with the development of a cross-section interface for PARCS and its validation. The inter- face is used to feed PARCS file and the SIMULATE-3 code is then used to read this library file. This interface allows a dependency

Demazière, Christophe

124

Toward the Large-Eddy Simulation Over a Hypersonic Elliptical Cross-Section Cone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Toward the Large-Eddy Simulation Over a Hypersonic Elliptical Cross-Section Cone M. Pino Mart layer. Also, the computational setup for the large-eddy sim- ulation (LES) of a hypersonic elliptical cross-section cone is discussed in detail. Introduction The aerodynamic heating effects in hypersonic

MartĂ­n, Pino

125

Electric field in hard superconductors with arbitrary cross section and general critical current law  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electric field in hard superconductors with arbitrary cross section and general critical current-28871 Alcala´ de Henares, Spain Received 18 February 2004; accepted 11 March 2004 The induced electric field E x during magnetic flux entry in superconductors with arbitrary cross section and general

Majós, Antonio Badía

126

Absolute angle-differential elastic cross sections for electron collisions with diacetylene  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report measured and calculated differential elastic cross sections for collisions of low-energy electrons with diacetylene (1,3-butadiyne). A generally satisfactory agreement between theory and experiment has been found. The calculated cross sections provide interesting insight into the underlying resonant structure.

Allan, M.; Winstead, C.; McKoy, V. [Department of Chemistry, University of Fribourg, chemin du Musee 9, CH-1700 Fribourg (Switzerland); A. A. Noyes Laboratory of Chemical Physics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

127

A Database of 660 Peptide Ion Cross Sections: Use of Intrinsic Size Parameters for Bona Fide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Database of 660 Peptide Ion Cross Sections: Use of Intrinsic Size Parameters for Bona Fide by tryptic digestion of 34 common proteins. Measured cross sections have been compiled into a database that contains peptide molecular weight and sequence information. The database is used to generate average

Clemmer, David E.

128

Prediction of Peptide Ion Collision Cross Sections from Topological Molecular Structure and Amino  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Prediction of Peptide Ion Collision Cross Sections from Topological Molecular Structure and Amino-property relationships (QSPRs) have been developed to predict the ion mobility spec- trometry (IMS) collision cross to accurately predict the collision cross section. The models were built using multiple linear regression (MLR

Clemmer, David E.

129

The Ramsauer model for the total cross sections of neutron nucleus scattering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Theoretical study of systematics of neutron scattering cross sections on various materials for neutron energies up to several hundred MeV are of practical importance. In this paper, we analysed the experimental neutron scattering total cross sections from 20MeV to 550MeV using Ramsauer model for nuclei ranging from Be to Pb.

R. S. Gowda; S. S. V. Suryanarayana; S. Ganesan

2005-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

130

Neutron cross sections of the isomeric nuclei KPrn, Sr81m,and Nbgam  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutron cross sections of the isomeric nuclei KPrn, Sr81m,and Nbgam NJ. V. Petrov and A. I. Fiz. 23, 1186-1189 (June 1976) Inelastic neutron acceleration and retardation cross sections is on the order of tenths of a barn. For the Srs7mnucleus the mean energy given to a neutron in a single collision

Shlyakhter, Ilya

131

Neutron-induced cross sections of short-lived nuclei via the surrogate reaction method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutron-induced cross sections of short-lived nuclei via the surrogate reaction method G. Boutoux1 Abstract. The measurement of neutron-induced cross sections of short-lived nuclei is extremely difficult for a neutron-induced measurement. We have successfully used the surrogate reaction method to extract neutron

Boyer, Edmond

132

PHYSICAL REVIEW C VOLUME 28, NUMBER 6 JUNE 1981 Direct capture cross sections at low energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solar nuclear reactions due to the unexpectedly low neutrino flux measured by Davis et al. ' One cross section for this reaction. ' Rolfs et al.' have remeasured the low-energy S factor (relatedPHYSICAL REVIEW C VOLUME 28, NUMBER 6 JUNE 1981 Direct capture cross sections at low energy R. D

Williams, Roy

133

Scattering and reaction cross-sections measured at SPES I Results compiled by  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for low energy nuclear physics measurements i.e. : diffe- rential cross-section (a = deT/dQ) versus This article gives all the differential cross-sections for two body reactions at intermediate energy measured (Saclay) in 1971 in order to investigate intermediate energy two body reactions. This magne- tic

Boyer, Edmond

134

Triply Differential Jet Cross Sections for Hadron Collisions at Order alpha_s^3 in QCD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss cross sections for hadron + hadron to 2 jets + anything in which three jet variables are measured. Such cross sections are useful especially for determining parton distributions. We define a new cross section d sigma/dX_A dX_B d eta_* for which the perturbation theory is nicely behaved even in the kinematic regime where the parton distributions are probed at large momentum fractions. The cross section d\\sigma/dE_{T1}\\, d\\eta_1\\, d\\eta_2, which has been used in the past, is not so well behaved in this region. We calculate these cross sections at order $\\alpha_s^3$ in QCD.

Stephen D. Ellis; Davison E. Soper

1994-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

135

Nonadiabatic calculations of ultraviolet absorption cross section of sulfur monoxide: Isotopic effects on the photodissociation reaction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ultraviolet absorption cross sections of the main and substituted sulfur monoxide (SO) isotopologues were calculated using R-Matrix expansion technique. Energies, transition dipole moments, and nonadiabatic coupling matrix elements were calculated at MRCI/AV6Z level. The calculated absorption cross section of {sup 32}S{sup 16}O was compared with experimental spectrum; the spectral feature and the absolute value of photoabsorption cross sections are in good agreement. Our calculation predicts a long lived photoexcited SO* species which causes large non-mass dependent isotopic effects depending on the excitation energy in the ultraviolet region.

Danielache, Sebastian O.; Tomoya, Suzuki; Nanbu, Shinkoh [Department of Materials and Life Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Sophia University, Chiyoda Ku, Tokyo 102-8554 (Japan)] [Department of Materials and Life Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Sophia University, Chiyoda Ku, Tokyo 102-8554 (Japan); Kondorsky, Alexey [P. N. Lebedev Physical Institute of Russian Academy of Science, Leninsky pr., 53, Moscow, 119991 (Russian Federation) [P. N. Lebedev Physical Institute of Russian Academy of Science, Leninsky pr., 53, Moscow, 119991 (Russian Federation); Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (State University), Institutsky per., 9, Dolgoprudny Moscow region, 141700 (Russian Federation); Tokue, Ikuo [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Niigata University, Ikarashi, Niigata 950-2181 (Japan)] [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Niigata University, Ikarashi, Niigata 950-2181 (Japan)

2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

136

Experimental balance energies and isospin-dependent nucleon-nucleon cross-sections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effect of different isospin-dependent cross-section on directed flow is studied for variety of systems(for which experimental balance energies are available) using an isospin-dependent Quantum Molecular Dynamic (IQMD) model. We show that balance energies are sensitive towards isospin-dependent cross-sections for light systems, while nearly no effect exist for heavier nuclei. A reduced cross-section $\\sigma = 0.9\\sigma_{NN}$ with stiff equation of state is able to explain experimental balance energies in most of systems. A power law behaviour is also given for the mass dependence of balance energy, which also follow N/Z dependence.

Sanjeev Kumar; Rajni; Suneel Kumar

2010-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

137

Deep inelastic cross-section measurements at large y with the ZEUS detector at HERA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The reduced cross sections for $e^{+}p$ deep inelastic scattering have been measured with the ZEUS detector at HERA at three different centre-of-mass energies, $318$, $251$ and $225$ GeV. The cross sections, measured double differentially in Bjorken $x$ and the virtuality, $Q^2$, were obtained in the region $0.13\\ \\leq\\ y\\ \\leq\\ 0.75$, where $y$ denotes the inelasticity and $5\\ \\leq\\ Q^2\\ \\leq\\ 110$ GeV$^2$. The proton structure functions $F_2$ and $F_L$ were extracted from the measured cross sections.

ZEUS Collaboration; H. Abramowicz; I. Abt; L. Adamczyk; M. Adamus; R. Aggarwal; S. Antonelli; O. Arslan; V. Aushev; Y. Aushev; O. Bachynska; A. N. Barakbaev; N. Bartosik; O. Behnke; J. Behr; U. Behrens; A. Bertolin; S. Bhadra; I. Bloch; V. Bokhonov; E. G. Boos; K. Borras; I. Brock; R. Brugnera; A. Bruni; B. Brzozowska; P. J. Bussey; A. Caldwell; M. Capua; C. D. Catterall; J. Chwastowski; J. Ciborowski; R. Ciesielski; A. M. Cooper-Sarkar; M. Corradi; F. Corriveau; G. D'Agostini; R. K. Dementiev; R. C. E. Devenish; G. Dolinska; V. Drugakov; S. Dusini; J. Ferrando; J. Figiel; B. Foster; G. Gach; A. Garfagnini; A. Geiser; A. Gizhko; L. K. Gladilin; O. Gogota; Yu. A. Golubkov; J. Grebenyuk; I. Gregor; G. Grzelak; O. Gueta; M. Guzik; W. Hain; G. Hartner; D. Hochman; R. Hori; Z. A. Ibrahim; Y. Iga; M. Ishitsuka; A. Iudin; F. Januschek; I. Kadenko; S. Kananov; T. Kanno; U. Karshon; M. Kaur; P. Kaur; L. A. Khein; D. Kisielewska; R. Klanner; U. Klein; N. Kondrashova; O. Kononenko; Ie. Korol; I. A. Korzhavina; A. Kotanski; U. Kotz; N. Kovalchuk; H. Kowalski; O. Kuprash; M. Kuze; B. B. Levchenko; A. Levy; V. Libov; S. Limentani; M. Lisovyi; E. Lobodzinska; W. Lohmann; B. Lohr; E. Lohrmann; A. Longhin; D. Lontkovskyi; O. Yu. Lukina; J. Maeda; I. Makarenko; J. Malka; J. F. Martin; S. Mergelmeyer; F. Mohamad Idris; K. Mujkic; V. Myronenko; K. Nagano; A. Nigro; T. Nobe; D. Notz; R. J. Nowak; K. Olkiewicz; Yu. Onishchuk; E. Paul; W. Perlanski; H. Perrey; N. S. Pokrovskiy; A. S. Proskuryakov; M. Przybycien; A. Raval; P. Roloff; I. Rubinsky; M. Ruspa; V. Samojlov; D. H. Saxon; M. Schioppa; W. B. Schmidke; U. Schneekloth; T. Schorner-Sadenius; J. Schwartz; L. M. Shcheglova; R. Shevchenko; O. Shkola; I. Singh; I. O. Skillicorn; W. Slominski; V. Sola; A. Solano; A. Spiridonov; L. Stanco; N. Stefaniuk; A. Stern; T. P. Stewart; P. Stopa; J. Sztuk-Dambietz; D. Szuba; J. Szuba; E. Tassi; T. Temiraliev; K. Tokushuku; J. Tomaszewska; A. Trofymov; V. Trusov; T. Tsurugai; M. Turcato; O. Turkot; T. Tymieniecka; A. Verbytskyi; O. Viazlo; R. Walczak; W. A. T. Wan Abdullah; K. Wichmann; M. Wing; G. Wolf; S. Yamada; Y. Yamazaki; N. Zakharchuk; A. F. Zarnecki; L. Zawiejski; O. Zenaiev; B. O. Zhautykov; N. Zhmak; D. S. Zotkin

2014-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

138

Deep inelastic cross-section measurements at large y with the ZEUS detector at HERA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The reduced cross sections for $e^{+}p$ deep inelastic scattering have been measured with the ZEUS detector at HERA at three different centre-of-mass energies, $318$, $251$ and $225$ GeV. The cross sections, measured double differentially in Bjorken $x$ and the virtuality, $Q^2$, were obtained in the region $0.13\\ \\leq\\ y\\ \\leq\\ 0.75$, where $y$ denotes the inelasticity and $5\\ \\leq\\ Q^2\\ \\leq\\ 110$ GeV$^2$. The proton structure functions $F_2$ and $F_L$ were extracted from the measured cross sections.

Abramowicz, H; Adamczyk, L; Adamus, M; Aggarwal, R; Antonelli, S; Arslan, O; Aushev, V; Aushev, Y; Bachynska, O; Barakbaev, A N; Bartosik, N; Behnke, O; Behr, J; Behrens, U; Bertolin, A; Bhadra, S; Bloch, I; Bokhonov, V; Boos, E G; Borras, K; Brock, I; Brugnera, R; Bruni, A; Brzozowska, B; Bussey, P J; Caldwell, A; Capua, M; Catterall, C D; Chwastowski, J; Ciborowski, J; Ciesielski, R; Cooper-Sarkar, A M; Corradi, M; Corriveau, F; D'Agostini, G; Dementiev, R K; Devenish, R C E; Dolinska, G; Drugakov, V; Dusini, S; Ferrando, J; Figiel, J; Foster, B; Gach, G; Garfagnini, A; Geiser, A; Gizhko, A; Gladilin, L K; Gogota, O; Golubkov, Yu A; Grebenyuk, J; Gregor, I; Grzelak, G; Gueta, O; Guzik, M; Hain, W; Hartner, G; Hochman, D; Hori, R; Ibrahim, Z A; Iga, Y; Ishitsuka, M; Iudin, A; Januschek, F; Kadenko, I; Kananov, S; Kanno, T; Karshon, U; Kaur, M; Kaur, P; Khein, L A; Kisielewska, D; Klanner, R; Klein, U; Kondrashova, N; Kononenko, O; Korol, Ie; Korzhavina, I A; Kotanski, A; Kotz, U; Kovalchuk, N; Kowalski, H; Kuprash, O; Kuze, M; Levchenko, B B; Levy, A; Libov, V; Limentani, S; Lisovyi, M; Lobodzinska, E; Lohmann, W; Lohr, B; Lohrmann, E; Longhin, A; Lontkovskyi, D; Lukina, O Yu; Maeda, J; Makarenko, I; Malka, J; Martin, J F; Mergelmeyer, S; Idris, F Mohamad; Mujkic, K; Myronenko, V; Nagano, K; Nigro, A; Nobe, T; Notz, D; Nowak, R J; Olkiewicz, K; Onishchuk, Yu; Paul, E; Perlanski, W; Perrey, H; Pokrovskiy, N S; Proskuryakov, A S; Przybycien, M; Raval, A; Roloff, P; Rubinsky, I; Ruspa, M; Samojlov, V; Saxon, D H; Schioppa, M; Schmidke, W B; Schneekloth, U; Schorner-Sadenius, T; Schwartz, J; Shcheglova, L M; Shevchenko, R; Shkola, O; Singh, I; Skillicorn, I O; Slominski, W; Sola, V; Solano, A; Spiridonov, A; Stanco, L; Stefaniuk, N; Stern, A; Stewart, T P; Stopa, P; Sztuk-Dambietz, J; Szuba, D; Szuba, J; Tassi, E; Temiraliev, T; Tokushuku, K; Tomaszewska, J; Trofymov, A; Trusov, V; Tsurugai, T; Turcato, M; Turkot, O; Tymieniecka, T; Verbytskyi, A; Viazlo, O; Walczak, R; Abdullah, W A T Wan; Wichmann, K; Wing, M; Wolf, G; Yamada, S; Yamazaki, Y; Zakharchuk, N; Zarnecki, A F; Zawiejski, L; Zenaiev, O; Zhautykov, B O; Zhmak, N; Zotkin, D S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Absorption Cross Section of Smeared D3-Brane on a Circle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The evaluation of the absorption cross section of a massless scalar field propagating on a non-extremal black D3-brane smeared on a circle is considered. The solution to the scalar field equation of motion at high temperature is obtained in terms of the parameters $\\lambda=3\\omega/4\\pi T$ and $k$, which denote the frequency and the momentum along the circle respectively while $T$ denotes the temperature of the black brane. Based on a perturbative scheme, higher order temperature corrections to the scalar absorption cross section are computed. Further, interesting analogies with the cross section of known black branes solutions are discussed.

Anastasios Psinas

2006-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

140

Total cross-section for photon-axion conversions in external electromagnetic field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We reconsider the conversion of the photon into axion in the external electromagnetic fields, namely in the static fields and in a periodic field of the wave guide. The total cross-sections for the conversion are evaluated in detail. The result shows that with strong strength of external electromagnetic fields, the cross-sections are large enough to measure the axion production. In the wave guide there exists the resonant conversion at the low energies, in which the value of cross-sections is much enhanced

D. V. Soa; H. N. Long; T. D. Tham

2014-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical sonic cross-section" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Measurement of the neutrino-oxygen neutral-current interaction cross section by observing nuclear deexcitation $?$ rays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report the first measurement of the neutrino-oxygen neutral-current quasielastic (NCQE) cross section. It is obtained by observing nuclear deexcitation $\\gamma$-rays which follow neutrino-oxygen interactions at the Super-Kamiokande water Cherenkov detector. We use T2K data corresponding to $3.01 \\times 10^{20}$ protons on target. By selecting only events during the T2K beam window and with well-reconstructed vertices in the fiducial volume, the large background rate from natural radioactivity is dramatically reduced. We observe 43 events in the $4-30$ MeV reconstructed energy window, compared with an expectation of 51.0, which includes an estimated 16.2 background events. The background is primarily nonquasielastic neutral-current interactions and has only 1.2 events from natural radioactivity. The flux-averaged NCQE cross section we measure is $1.55 \\times 10^{-38}$ cm$^2$ with a 68\\% confidence interval of $(1.22, 2.20) \\times 10^{-38}$ cm$^2$ at a median neutrino energy of 630 MeV, compared with the theoretical prediction of $2.01 \\times 10^{-38}$ cm$^2$.

K. Abe; J. Adam; H. Aihara; T. Akiri; C. Andreopoulos; S. Aoki; A. Ariga; T. Ariga; S. Assylbekov; D. Autiero; M. Barbi; G. J. Barker; G. Barr; M. Bass; M. Batkiewicz; F. Bay; S. W. Bentham; V. Berardi; B. E. Berger; S. Berkman; I. Bertram; S. Bhadra; F. d. M. Blaszczyk; A. Blondel; C. Bojechko; S. Bordoni; S. B. Boyd; D. Brailsford; A. Bravar; C. Bronner; N. Buchanan; R. G. Calland; J. Caravaca Rodríguez; S. L. Cartwright; R. Castillo; M. G. Catanesi; A. Cervera; D. Cherdack; G. Christodoulou; A. Clifton; J. Coleman; S. J. Coleman; G. Collazuol; K. Connolly; L. Cremonesi; A. Dabrowska; I. Danko; R. Das; S. Davis; P. de Perio; G. De Rosa; T. Dealtry; S. R. Dennis; C. Densham; D. Dewhurst; F. Di Lodovico; S. Di Luise; O. Drapier; T. Duboyski; K. Duffy; F. Dufour; J. Dumarchez; S. Dytman; M. Dziewiecki; S. Emery-Schrenk; A. Ereditato; L. Escudero; A. J. Finch; G. A. Fiorentini Aguirre; M. Friend; Y. Fujii; Y. Fukuda; A. P. Furmanski; V. Galymov; A. Gaudin; S. Giffin; C. Giganti; K. Gilje; D. Goeldi; T. Golan; J. J. Gomez-Cadenas; M. Gonin; N. Grant; D. Gudin; D. R. Hadley; L. Haegel; A. Haesler; M. D. Haigh; P. Hamilton; D. Hansen; T. Hara; M. Hartz; T. Hasegawa; N. C. Hastings; Y. Hayato; C. Hearty; R. L. Helmer; M. Hierholzer; J. Hignight; A. Hillairet; A. Himmel; T. Hiraki; S. Hirota; J. Holeczek; S. Horikawa; K. Huang; A. K. Ichikawa; K. Ieki; M. Ieva; M. Ikeda; J. Imber; J. Insler; T. J. Irvine; T. Ishida; T. Ishii; S. J. Ives; E. Iwai; K. Iwamoto; K. Iyogi; A. Izmaylov; A. Jacob; B. Jamieson; R. A. Johnson; S. Johnson; J. H. Jo; P. Jonsson; C. K. Jung; M. Kabirnezhad; A. C. Kaboth; T. Kajita; H. Kakuno; J. Kameda; Y. Kanazawa; D. Karlen; I. Karpikov; T. Katori; E. Kearns; M. Khabibullin; A. Khotjantsev; D. Kielczewska; T. Kikawa; A. Kilinski; J. Kim; S. King; J. Kisiel; P. Kitching; T. Kobayashi; L. Koch; A. Kolaceke; A. Konaka; L. L. Kormos; A. Korzenev; K. Koseki; Y. Koshio; I. Kreslo; W. Kropp; H. Kubo; Y. Kudenko; S. Kumaratunga; R. Kurjata; T. Kutter; J. Lagoda; K. Laihem; I. Lamont; E. Larkin; M. Laveder; M. Lawe; M. Lazos; K. P. Lee; C. Licciardi; T. Lindner; C. Lister; R. P. Litchfield; A. Longhin; L. Ludovici; M. Macaire; L. Magaletti; K. Mahn; M. Malek; S. Manly; A. D. Marino; J. Marteau; J. F. Martin; S. Martynenko; T. Maruyama; J. Marzec; E. L. Mathie; V. Matveev; K. Mavrokoridis; E. Mazzucato; M. McCarthy; N. McCauley; K. S. McFarland; C. McGrew; A. Mefodiev; C. Metelko; M. Mezzetto; P. Mijakowski; C. A. Miller; A. Minamino; O. Mineev; S. Mine; A. Missert; M. Miura; L. Monfregola; S. Moriyama; Th. A. Mueller; A. Murakami; M. Murdoch; S. Murphy; J. Myslik; T. Nagasaki; T. Nakadaira; M. Nakahata; T. Nakai; K. Nakamura; S. Nakayama; T. Nakaya; K. Nakayoshi; C. Nantais; D. Naples; C. Nielsen; M. Nirkko; K. Nishikawa; Y. Nishimura; J. Nowak; H. M. O'Keeffe; R. Ohta; K. Okumura; T. Okusawa; W. Oryszczak; S. M. Oser; T. Ovsyannikova; R. A. Owen; Y. Oyama; V. Palladino; J. L. Palomino; V. Paolone; D. Payne; G. F. Pearce; O. Perevozchikov; J. D. Perkin; Y. Petrov; L. Pickard; E. S. Pinzon Guerra; C. Pistillo; P. Plonski; E. Poplawska; B. Popov; M. Posiadala-Zezula; J. -M. Poutissou; R. Poutissou; P. Przewlocki; B. Quilain; E. Radicioni; P. N. Ratoff; M. Ravonel; M. A. M. Rayner; A. Redij; M. Reeves; E. Reinherz-Aronis; C. Riccio; F. Retiere; A. Robert; P. A. Rodrigues; P. Rojas; E. Rondio; S. Roth; A. Rubbia; D. Ruterbories; R. Sacco; K. Sakashita; F. Sánchez; F. Sato; E. Scantamburlo; K. Scholberg; S. Schoppmann; J. Schwehr; M. Scott; Y. Seiya; T. Sekiguchi; H. Sekiya; D. Sgalaberna; F. Shaker; M. Shiozawa; S. Short; Y. Shustrov; P. Sinclair; B. Smith; R. J. Smith; M. Smy; J. T. Sobczyk; H. Sobel; M. Sorel; L. Southwell; P. Stamoulis; J. Steinmann; B. Still; Y. Suda; A. Suzuki; K. Suzuki; S. Y. Suzuki; Y. Suzuki; T. Szeglowski; R. Tacik; M. Tada; S. Takahashi; A. Takeda; Y. Takeuchi; H. K. Tanaka; H. A. Tanaka; M. M. Tanaka; I. J. Taylor; D. Terhorst; R. Terri; L. F. Thompson; A. Thorley; S. Tobayama; W. Toki; T. Tomura; Y. Totsuka; C. Touramanis; T. Tsukamoto; M. Tzanov; Y. Uchida; K. Ueno; A. Vacheret; M. Vagins; G. Vasseur; T. Wachala; A. V. Waldron; C. W. Walter; D. Wark; M. O. Wascko; A. Weber; R. Wendell; R. J. Wilkes; M. J. Wilking; C. Wilkinson; Z. Williamson; J. R. Wilson; R. J. Wilson; T. Wongjirad; Y. Yamada; K. Yamamoto; C. Yanagisawa; T. Yano; S. Yen; N. Yershov; M. Yokoyama; T. Yuan; M. Yu; A. Zalewska; J. Zalipska; L. Zambelli; K. Zaremba; M. Ziembicki; E. D. Zimmerman; M. Zito; J. ?muda

2014-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

142

Spiral microchannel with rectangular and trapezoidal cross-sections for size based particle separation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The paper reports a new method for three-dimensional observation of the location of focused particle streams along both the depth and width of the channel cross-section in spiral inertial microfluidic systems. The results ...

Guan, Guofeng

143

Production cross section and topological decay branching fractions of the ? lepton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report new measurements of the production cross section for the reaction e(+)e(?)??(+)?(?) at s?=29 GeV, as well as the topological decay branching fractions of the ? lepton. The data were taken with the High Resolution ...

Baringer, Philip S.

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

ICSBEP Criticality Benchmark Eigenvalues with ENDF/B-VII.1 Cross Sections  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We review MCNP eigenvalue calculations from a suite of International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (ICSBEP) Handbook evaluations with the recently distributed ENDF/B-VII.1 cross section library.

Kahler, Albert C. III [Los Alamos National Laboratory; MacFarlane, Robert [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

145

E-Print Network 3.0 - abrasion cross sections Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

optical surfaces Oliver W. Fiihnle'. " and Hedser van Brug' Summary: -dimensional blade that has the inverse shape of a cross-section of the surface to be generated that...

146

E-Print Network 3.0 - ability cross-sectional findings Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: 's location using a repeated trial-and-error process. To find the best cross-sections, this method requires... ; this is tedious and time-consuming. In...

147

activation cross-section uncertainties: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Quantifying uncertainties in the high energy neutrino cross-section HEP - Phenomenology (arXiv) Summary: We compare predictions for...

148

E-Print Network 3.0 - antiproton cross section Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Sample search results for: antiproton cross section Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Physics Letters B 548 (2002) 140145 www.elsevier.comlocatenpe Summary: . 1. (a) Cross...

149

E-Print Network 3.0 - avena cross-sectional study Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

avena cross-sectional study Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Nicole M. Avena, Ph.D. Curriculum Vitae Summary: 12;4 Rada, P, Paez, X, Hernandez, L, Avena, NM, Hoebel, BG (2007)...

150

Differential Photoproduction Cross Sections of the Sigma0(1385), Lambda(1405), and Lambda(1520)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the exclusive photoproduction cross sections for the Sigma(1385), Lambda(1405), and Lambda(1520) in the reactions gamma + p -> K+ + Y* using the CLAS detector for energies from near the respective production thresholds up to a center-of-mass energy W of 2.85 GeV. The differential cross sections are integrated to give the total exclusive cross sections for each hyperon. Comparisons are made to current theoretical models based on the effective Lagrangian approach and fitted to previous data. The accuracy of these models is seen to vary widely. The cross sections for the Lambda(1405) region are strikingly different for the Sigma+pi-, Sigma0 pi0, and Sigma- pi+ decay channels, indicating the effect of isospin interference, especially at W values close to the threshold.

Moriya, Kei [Indiana U.; Schumacher, Reinhard A. [Carnegie Mellon U.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

E-Print Network 3.0 - absorption cross-section library Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

library Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: absorption cross-section library Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 A. E. K.Ris Ris-M-LiiE. Title...

152

Diboson cross sections at s**(1/2) = 1.96-TeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A brief survey of the results on diboson production at the Tevatron is presented. Measured cross sections for W{gamma}, Z{gamma}, WW, and limits on WZ/ZZ are summarized.

Askew, A.W.; /Fermilab

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Diboson Cross Sections at sqrt(s) = 1.96 TeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A brief survey of the results on diboson production at the Tevatron is presented. Measured cross sections for $W\\gamma$, $Z\\gamma$, $WW$, and limits on WZ/ZZ are summarized.

A. W. Askew

2005-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

154

Coupled differential and integral data analysis for improved uncertainty quantification of the ?ł,??Cu cross section evaluations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new methodology has been developed that couples differential cross section data evaluation with integral benchmark analysis for improved uncertainty quantification. The new methodology was applied to the two new copper ...

Sobes, Vladimir

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

E-Print Network 3.0 - assess maximal cross-sectional Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of tumor cross- sections. The results of the automated analysis vs. a manual screen of ten 209 fields were... were analyzed: 10 normal cases, and 24 cancer cases. The...

156

E-Print Network 3.0 - actinides cross sections Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the production of element 108 in an irradiation of 208 Pb with 58 Fe should... a cross section to be smaller by a factor of ten as compared to 107. Fig. 3. The 28;rst decay...

157

Towards a Total Cross Section Measurement with the ALFA Detector at ATLAS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The main goals of the Absolute Luminosity For ATLAS (ALFA) detector is to provide an absolute luminosity and total cross section measurement. The measurement method used, the detector alignment and the quality of the collected data are discussed.

Maciej Trzebinski

2014-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

158

Fermion Absorption Cross Section and Topology of Spherically Symmetric Black Holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In 1997, Liberati and Pollifrone in Phys. Rev. D56 (1997) 6458 (hep-th/9708014) achieved a new formulation of the Bekenstein-Hawking formula, where the entropy and the Euler characteristic are related by $S=\\chi A/8$. In this work we present a relation between the low-energy absorption cross section for minimally coupled fermions and the Euler characteristic of (3+1)-dimensional spherically symmetric black holes, i.e. $\\sigma =\\chi g_h^{-1}A$. Based on the relation, using the Gauss--Bonnet--Chern theorem and the $\\phi$-mapping method, an absorption cross section density is introduced to describe the topology of the absorption cross section. It is shown that the absorption cross section and its density are determined by the singularities of the timelike Killing vector field of the spacetime and these singularities carry the topological numbers, Hopf indices and Brouwer degrees, naturally.

Yu-Xiao Liu; Li Zhao; Zhen-Bin Cao; Yi-Shi Duan

2007-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

159

Quasi-elastic neutrino charged-current scattering cross sections on oxygen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The charged-current quasi-elastic scattering of muon neutrinos on oxygen target is computed for neutrino energies between 200 MeV and 2.5 GeV using the relativistic distorted-wave impulse approximation with relativistic optical potential, which was earlier successfully applied to describe electron-nucleus data. We study both neutrino and electron processes and show that the reduced exclusive cross sections for neutrino and electron scattering are similar. The comparison with the relativistic Fermi gas model (RFGM), which is widely used in data analyses of neutrino experiments, shows that the RFGM fails completely when applied to exclusive cross section data and leads to overestimated values of inclusive and total cross sections. We also found significant nuclear-model dependence of exclusive, inclusive and total cross sections for about 1 GeV energy.

A. V. Butkevich; S. A. Kulagin

2007-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

160

Assessment of Fission Product Cross-Section Data for Burnup Credit Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Past efforts by the Department of Energy (DOE), the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), and others have provided sufficient technical information to enable the NRC to issue regulatory guidance for implementation of pressurized-water reactor (PWR) burnup credit; however, consideration of only the reactivity change due to the major actinides is recommended in the guidance. Moreover, DOE, NRC, and EPRI have noted the need for additional scientific and technical data to justify expanding PWR burnup credit to include fission product (FP) nuclides and enable burnup credit implementation for boiling-water reactor (BWR) spent nuclear fuel (SNF). The criticality safety assessment needed for burnup credit applications will utilize computational analyses of packages containing SNF with FP nuclides. Over the years, significant efforts have been devoted to the nuclear data evaluation of major isotopes pertinent to reactor applications (i.e., uranium, plutonium, etc.); however, efforts to evaluate FP cross-section data in the resonance region have been less thorough relative to actinide data. In particular, resonance region cross-section measurements with corresponding R-matrix resonance analyses have not been performed for FP nuclides. Therefore, the objective of this work is to assess the status and performance of existing FP cross-section and cross-section uncertainty data in the resonance region for use in burnup credit analyses. Recommendations for new cross-section measurements and/or evaluations are made based on the data assessment. The assessment focuses on seven primary FP isotopes (103Rh, 133Cs, 143Nd, 149Sm, 151Sm, 152Sm, and 155Gd) that impact reactivity analyses of transportation packages and two FP isotopes (153Eu and 155Eu) that impact prediction of 155Gd concentrations. Much of the assessment work was completed in 2005, and the assessment focused on the latest FP cross-section evaluations available in the international nuclear data community as of March 2005. The accuracy of the cross-section data was investigated by comparing existing cross-section evaluations against available measured cross-section data. When possible, benchmark calculations were also used to assess the performance of the latest FP cross-section data. Since March 2005, the U.S. and European data projects have released newer versions of their respective data files. Although there have been updates to the international data files and to some degree FP data, much of the updates have included nuclear cross-section modeling improvements at energies above the resonance region. The one exception is improved ENDF/B-VII cross-section uncertainty data or covariance data for gadolinium isotopes. In particular, ENDF/B-VII includes improved 155Gd resonance parameter covariance data, but they are based on previously measured resonance data. Although the new covariance data are available for 155Gd, the conclusions of the FP cross-section data assessment of this report still hold in lieu of the newer international cross-section data files. Based on the FP data assessment, there is judged to be a need for new total and capture cross-section measurements and corresponding cross-section evaluations, in a prioritized manner, for the nine FPs to provide the improved information and technical rigor needed for criticality safety analyses.

Leal, Luiz C [ORNL; Derrien, Herve [ORNL; Dunn, Michael E [ORNL; Mueller, Don [ORNL

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical sonic cross-section" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Differential cross section measurement for the d(n,np) reaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The differential cross section for the quasielastic d(n,np) neutron-induced deuteron breakup reaction was measured as a function of incident and scattered particle energies and angles, using a liquid deuterium target at ...

Uemura, Sho

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

E-Print Network 3.0 - activation cross-section library Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

at Los Angeles Collection: Plasma Physics and Fusion 5 Fusion Engineering and Design 18 (1991) 387-395 387 North-Holland Summary: with the new activation cross-section...

163

Average Neutron Total Cross Sections in the Unresolved Energy Range From ORELA High Resolutio Transmission Measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Average values of the neutron total cross sections of {sup 233}U, {sup 235}U, {sup 238}U, and {sup 239}Pu have been obtained in the unresolved resonance energy range from high-resolution transmission measurements performed at ORELA in the past two decades. The cross sections were generated by correcting the effective total cross sections for the self-shielding effects due to the resonance structure of the data. The self-shielding factors were found by calculating the effective and true cross sections with the computer code SAMMY for the same Doppler and resolution conditions as for the transmission measurements, using an appropriate set of resonance parameters. Our results are compared to results of previous measurements and to the current ENDF/B-VI data.

Derrien, H

2004-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

164

Comments on absorption cross section for Chern-Simons black holes in five dimensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we study the effects of black hole mass on the absorption cross section for a massive scalar field propagating in a 5-dimensional topological Chern-Simons black hole at the low-frequency limit. We consider the two branches of black hole solutions $(\\alpha=\\pm 1)$ and we show that, if the mass of black hole increase the absorption cross section decreases at the zero-frequency limit for the branch $\\alpha=-1$ and for the other branch, $\\alpha=1$, the behavior is opposite, if the black hole mass increase the absorption cross section increases. Also we find that beyond a certain frequency value, the mass black hole does not affect the absorption cross section.

P. A. González; Joel Saavedra

2011-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

165

VUV-absorption cross section of CO2 at high temperatures and impact on exoplanet atmospheres  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ultraviolet (UV) absorption cross sections are an essential ingredient of photochemical atmosphere models. Exoplanet searches have unveiled a large population of short-period objects with hot atmospheres, very different from what we find in our solar system. Transiting exoplanets whose atmospheres can now be studied by transit spectroscopy receive extremely strong UV fluxes and have typical temperatures ranging from 400 to 2500 K. At these temperatures, UV photolysis cross section data are severely lacking. Our goal is to provide high-temperature absorption cross sections and their temperature dependency for important atmospheric compounds. This study is dedicated to CO2, which is observed and photodissociated in exoplanet atmospheres. We performed these measurements for the 115 - 200 nm range at 300, 410, 480, and 550 K. In the 195 - 230 nm range, we worked at seven temperatures between 465 and 800 K. We found that the absorption cross section of CO2 is very sensitive to temperature, especially above 160 nm....

Venot, Olivia; Bénilan, Yves; Gazeau, Marie-Claire; Hébrard, Eric; Larcher, Gwenaelle; Schwell, Martin; Dobrijevic, Michel; Selsis, Franck

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

On the temperature dependence of the absorption cross section for charged black holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the the low frequency absorption cross section of minimally coupled massless scalar fields by different kinds of charged static black holes, namely the d-dimensional Reissner-Nordstrom solution, the D1-D5 system in d=5 and a four dimensional dyonic four-charged black hole. In each case we show that this cross section is inversely proportional to the black hole Hawking temperature. This inverse proportionality also arises in the same cross section for black holes with string $alpha' corrections, as we have shown in a previous work: string corrections induce such temperature dependence. In each case we also carefully analyze the extremal limit and show that the cross section is well defined in it.

Filipe Moura

2014-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

167

Production cross sections of neutron rich isotopes from a 82Se beam  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Production cross sections for neutron-rich nuclei from the fragmentation of a 82Se beam at 139 MeV/u were measured. The longitudinal momentum distributions of 122 neutron-rich isotopes of elements $11 \\le Z \\le 32$ were determined by varying the target thickness. Production cross sections with beryllium and tungsten targets were determined for a large number of nuclei including several isotopes first observed in this work. These are the most neutron-rich nuclides of the elements $22 \\le Z \\le 25$ (64Ti, 67V, 69Cr, 72Mn). One event was registered consistent with 70Cr, and another one with 75Fe. A one-body Qg systematics is used to describe the production cross sections based on thermal evaporation from excited prefragments. The current results confirm those of our previous experiment with a 76Ge beam: enhanced production cross sections for neutron-rich fragments near Z=20.

Tarasov, O B; Amthor, A M; Bandura, L; Baumann, T; Bazin, D; Berryman, J S; Chubarian, G; Fukuda, N; Gade, A; Ginter, T N; Hausmann, M; Inabe, N; Kubo, T; Pereira, J; Portillo, M; Sherrill, B M; Stolz, A; Sumithrarachchi, C; Thoennessen, M; Weisshaar, D

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Production cross sections of neutron rich isotopes from a 82Se beam  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Production cross sections for neutron-rich nuclei from the fragmentation of a 82Se beam at 139 MeV/u were measured. The longitudinal momentum distributions of 122 neutron-rich isotopes of elements $11 \\le Z \\le 32$ were determined by varying the target thickness. Production cross sections with beryllium and tungsten targets were determined for a large number of nuclei including several isotopes first observed in this work. These are the most neutron-rich nuclides of the elements $22 \\le Z \\le 25$ (64Ti, 67V, 69Cr, 72Mn). One event was registered consistent with 70Cr, and another one with 75Fe. A one-body Qg systematics is used to describe the production cross sections based on thermal evaporation from excited prefragments. The current results confirm those of our previous experiment with a 76Ge beam: enhanced production cross sections for neutron-rich fragments near Z=20.

O. B. Tarasov; D. J. Morrissey; A. M. Amthor; L. Bandura; T. Baumann; D. Bazin; J. S. Berryman; G. Chubarian; N. Fukuda; A. Gade; T. N. Ginter; M. Hausmann; N. Inabe; T. Kubo; J. Pereira; M. Portillo; B. M. Sherrill; A. Stolz; C. Sumithrarachchi; M. Thoennessen; D. Weisshaar

2012-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

169

E-Print Network 3.0 - attenuation cross sections Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Fig. 2 shows a schematic cross-sectional view of the monolithically integrated In... Resistor MIM capacitorSiNX BCB passivation n+ InP Fig. 2. Schematic ... Source: Yang,...

170

Fission theory: Its relevance to the nuclear cross section data base  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of fission reaction theory in relation to its predictive power in the calculation of neutron cross-sections is reviewed. The topics covered include the transition state spectrum and the channel theory; the discovery of complex topography in the fission barrier and the consequences of intermediate structure in fission cross-sections; the evidence of experimental data in parameterizing the fission barrier; and the role of other aspects of collective nuclear motion in controlling fission reaction rates. 51 refs., 6 figs.

Lynn, J.E.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Fourier analysis for generalized cylinders with polar models of cross-sections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FOURIER ANALYSIS FOR GENERALIZED CYLINDERS WITH POLAR MODELS OF CROSS-SECTIONS A Thesis by WILLIAM CLARENCE FORSYTHE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1990 Major Subject: Computer Science FOURIER ANALYSIS FOR GENERALIZED CYLINDERS WITH POLAR MODELS OF CROSS-SECTIONS A Thesis by WILLIAM CLARENCE FORSYTHE Approved as to style and content by: Amitabha Mukerjee (Chair...

Forsythe, William Clarence

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

172

Production cross section of neutron-rich isotopes with radioactive and stable beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The production cross section of neutron-rich isotopes of Ca, Zn, Te, Xe, and Pt are predicted in the diffusive multi-nucleon transfer reactions with stable and radioactive beams. With these isotopes one can treat the neutron shell evolution beyond N = 28, 50, 82, and 126. Because of the small cross sections, the production of nuclei near the neutron drip line requires the optimal choice of reaction partners and bombarding energies.

Myeong-Hwan Mun; G. G. Adamian; N. V. Antonenko; Yongseok Oh; Youngman Kim

2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

173

Cross-section library and processing techniques within the SCALE system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A summary of each of the SCALE system features involved in problem-dependent cross section processing is presented. These features include criticality libraries, shielding libraries, the Standard Composition Library, the SCALE functional modules: BONAMI-S, NITAWL-S, XSDRNPM-S, ICE-S, and the Material Information Processor. The automated procedure for cross-section processing is described with examples. 15 refs.

Westfall, R.M.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Physics guide to CEPXS: A multigroup coupled electron-photon cross-section generating code  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

CEPXS is a multigroup-Legendre cross-section generating code. The multigroup-Legendre cross sections produced by CEPXS enable coupled electron-photon transport calculations to be performed with the one-dimensional discrete ordinates code, ONEDANT. We recommend that the 1989 version of ONEDANT that contains linear-discontinuous spatial differencing and S2 synthetic acceleration be used for such calculations. CEPXS/ONEDANT effectively solves the Boltzmann-CSD transport equation for electrons and the Boltzmann transport equation for photons over the energy range from 100 MeV to 1.0 keV. The continuous slowing-down approximation is used for those electron interactions that result in small-energy losses. The extended transport correction is applied to the forward-peaked elastic scattering cross section for electrons. A standard multigroup-Legendre treatment is used for the other coupled electron-photon cross sections. CEPXS extracts electron cross-section information from the DATAPAC data set and photon cross-section information from Biggs-Lighthill data. The model that is used for ionization/relaxation in CEPXS is essentially the same as that employed in ITS. 43 refs., 8 figs.

Lorence, L.J. Jr.; Morel, J.E.; Valdez, G.D. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (USA); Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA); Applied Methods, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (USA))

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Statistical Model Analysis of (n,p) Cross Sections and Average Energy For Fission Neutron Spectrum  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Investigation of charged particle emission reaction cross sections for fast neutrons is important to both nuclear reactor technology and the understanding of nuclear reaction mechanisms. In particular, the study of (n,p) cross sections is necessary to estimate radiation damage due to hydrogen production, nuclear heating and transmutations in the structural materials of fission and fusion reactors. On the other hand, it is often necessary in practice to evaluate the neutron cross sections of the nuclides for which no experimental data are available.Because of this, we carried out the systematical analysis of known experimental (n,p) and (n,a) cross sections for fast neutrons and observed a systematical regularity in the wide energy interval of 6-20 MeV and for broad mass range of target nuclei. To explain this effect using the compound, pre-equilibrium and direct reaction mechanisms some formulae were deduced. In this paper, in the framework of the statistical model known experimental (n,p) cross sections averaged over the thermal fission neutron spectrum of U-235 are analyzed. It was shown that the experimental data are satisfactorily described by the statistical model. Also, in the case of (n,p) cross sections the effective average neutron energy for fission spectrum of U-235 was found to be around 3 MeV.

Odsuren, M.; Khuukhenkhuu, G. [Nuclear Research Center, National University of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar (Mongolia)

2011-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

176

Validity of Hansen-Roach cross sections in low-enriched uranium systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Within the nuclear criticality safety community, the Hansen-Roach 16 group cross section set has been the standard'' for use in k{sub eff} calculations over the past 30 years. Yet even with its widespread acceptance, there are still questions about its validity and adequacy, about the proper procedure for calculating the potential scattering cross section, {sigma}{sub p}, for uranium and plutonium, and about the concept of resonance self shielding and its impact on cross sections. This paper attempts to address these questions. It provides a brief background on the Hansen-Roach cross sections. Next is presented a review of resonances in cross sections, self shielding of these resonances, and the use of {sigma}{sub p} to characterize resonance self shielding. Three prescriptions for calculating {sigma}{sub p} are given. Finally, results of several calculations of k{sub eff} on low-enriched uranium systems are provided to confirm the validity of the Hansen-Roach cross sections when applied to such systems.

Busch, R.D. (New Mexico Univ., Albuquerque, NM (United States)); O'Dell, R.D. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

GEOMETRIC CROSS SECTIONS OF DUST AGGREGATES AND A COMPRESSION MODEL FOR AGGREGATE COLLISIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Geometric cross sections of dust aggregates determine their coupling with disk gas, which governs their motions in protoplanetary disks. Collisional outcomes also depend on geometric cross sections of initial aggregates. In a previous paper, we performed three-dimensional N-body simulations of sequential collisions of aggregates composed of a number of sub-micron-sized icy particles and examined radii of gyration (and bulk densities) of the obtained aggregates. We showed that collisional compression of aggregates is not efficient and that aggregates remain fluffy. In the present study, we examine geometric cross sections of the aggregates. Their cross sections decrease due to compression as well as to their gyration radii. It is found that a relation between the cross section and the gyration radius proposed by Okuzumi et al. is valid for the compressed aggregates. We also refine the compression model proposed in our previous paper. The refined model enables us to calculate the evolution of both gyration radii and cross sections of growing aggregates and reproduces well our numerical results of sequential aggregate collisions. The refined model can describe non-equal-mass collisions as well as equal-mass cases. Although we do not take into account oblique collisions in the present study, oblique collisions would further hinder compression of aggregates.

Suyama, Toru [Nagano City Museum, Hachimanpara Historical Park Ojimada-machi, Nagano 381-2212 (Japan); Wada, Koji [Planetary Exploration Research Center, Chiba Institute of Technology, Tsudanuma 2-17-1, Narashino, Chiba 275-0016 (Japan); Tanaka, Hidekazu [Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University, N19-W8, Sapporo 060-0819 (Japan); Okuzumi, Satoshi, E-mail: museum@city.nagano.lg.jp [Department of Physics, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8602 (Japan)

2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

178

An investigation of parameters affecting oil recovery efficiency of carbon dioxide flooding in cross-sectional reservoirs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Low oil recovery efficiency is attributed to low vertical and areal sweep efficiency. The major causes of the low recovery efficiencies may be classified into three categories: (1) gravity segregation, (2) reservoir heterogeneity, and (3) unstable viscous fingering. Water alternate with gas (WAG) injection processes have been employed in field operations to improve the recovery efficiency and cut the cost of gas injection. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of reservoir and process parameters on the oil recovery efficiency of carbon dioxide WAG processes in cross-sectional reservoirs. To accomplish this, a two-dimensional compositional numerical simulator was developed. The simulator was functional and verified in this study. The simulator was then used to generate simulation data for studying the effects of seven dimensionless parameters on the oil recovery efficiency: (1) reservoir length to height ratio, (2) sine of the reservoir dip angle, (3) vertical to horizontal permeability ratio, (4) gravity to viscosity ratio (GVR), (5) injection rate, (6) water to gas (WAG) injection ration, and (7) pore volumes injected. Results of the investigation showed that oil recovery efficiency as a percentage of the oil place (OIP) is affected to different degrees by the seven parameters. Two correlations of the oil recovery efficiency versus the seven dimensionless parameters were established. The first was established for pore volumes injection ranging from 0 to 1.0 and the second from 0 to 0.7. The second correlation showed better agreement with the simulation results. The correlations will provide useful information in the design of the carbon dioxide WAG processes in cross-sectional reservoirs.

Almalik, M.S.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Sonication standard laboratory module  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A standard laboratory module for automatically producing a solution of cominants from a soil sample. A sonication tip agitates a solution containing the soil sample in a beaker while a stepper motor rotates the sample. An aspirator tube, connected to a vacuum, draws the upper layer of solution from the beaker through a filter and into another beaker. This beaker can thereafter be removed for analysis of the solution. The standard laboratory module encloses an embedded controller providing process control, status feedback information and maintenance procedures for the equipment and operations within the standard laboratory module.

Beugelsdijk, Tony (Los Alamos, NM); Hollen, Robert M. (Los Alamos, NM); Erkkila, Tracy H. (Los Alamos, NM); Bronisz, Lawrence E. (Los Alamos, NM); Roybal, Jeffrey E. (Santa Fe, NM); Clark, Michael Leon (Menan, ID)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Investigation of the influence of the neutron spectrum in determinations of integral cross-section ratios  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ratio measurements are routinely employed in studies of neutron interaction processes in order to generate new differential cross-section data or to test existing differential cross-section information through examination of the corresponding response in integral neutron spectra. Interpretation of such data requires that careful attention be given to details of the neutron spectra involved in these measurements. Two specific tasks are undertaken in the present investigation: (1) Using perturbation theory, a formula is derived which permits one to relate the ratio measured in a realistic quasimonoenergetic spectrum to the desired pure monoenergetic ratio. This expression involves only the lowest-order moments of the neutron energy distribution and corresponding parameters which serve to characterize the energy dependence of the differential cross sections, quantities which can generally be estimated with reasonable precision from the uncorrected data or from auxiliary information. (2) Using covariance methods, a general formalism is developed for calculating the uncertainty of a measured integral cross-section ratio which involves an arbitrary neutron spectrum. This formalism is employed to further examine the conditions which influence the sensitivity of such measured ratios to details of the neutron spectra and to their uncertainties. Several numerical examples are presented in this report in order to illustrate these principles, and some general conclusion are drawn concerning the development and testing of neutron cross-section data by means of ratio experiments. 16 refs., 1 fig., 4 tabs.

Smith, D.L.

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

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181

Cross-section measurement of the $^{130}$Ba(p,$?$)$^{131}$La reaction for $?$-process nucleosynthesis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A measurement of total cross-section values of the $^{130}$Ba(p,$\\gamma$)$^{131}$La reaction at low proton energies allows a stringent test of statistical model predictions with different proton+nucleus optical model potentials. Since no experimental data are available for proton-capture reactions in this mass region around A~$\\approx$~130, this measurement can be an important input to test the global applicability of proton+nucleus optical model potentials. The total reaction cross-section values were measured by means of the activation method. After the irradiation with protons, the reaction yield was determined by use of $\\gamma$-ray spectroscopy using two clover-type high-purity germanium detectors. In total, cross-section values for eight different proton energies could be determined in the energy range between 3.6 MeV $\\leq E_p \\leq$ 5.0 MeV, thus, inside the astrophysically relevant energy region. The measured cross-section values were compared to Hauser-Feshbach calculations using the statistical model codes TALYS and SMARAGD with different proton+nucleus optical model potentials. With the semi-microscopic JLM proton+nucleus optical model potential used in the SMARAGD code, the absolute cross-section values are reproduced well, but the energy dependence is too steep at the lowest energies. The best description is given by a TALYS calculation using the semi-microscopic Bauge proton+nucleus optical model potential using a constant renormalization factor.

L. Netterdon; A. Endres; G. G. Kiss; J. Mayer; T. Rauscher; P. Scholz; K. Sonnabend; Zs. Török; A. Zilges

2014-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

182

Absolute total and partial dissociative cross sections of pyrimidine at electron and proton intermediate impact velocities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Absolute total non-dissociative and partial dissociative cross sections of pyrimidine were measured for electron impact energies ranging from 70 to 400 eV and for proton impact energies from 125 up to 2500 keV. MOs ionization induced by coulomb interaction were studied by measuring both ionization and partial dissociative cross sections through time of flight mass spectrometry and by obtaining the branching ratios for fragment formation via a model calculation based on the Born approximation. The partial yields and the absolute cross sections measured as a function of the energy combined with the model calculation proved to be a useful tool to determine the vacancy population of the valence MOs from which several sets of fragment ions are produced. It was also a key point to distinguish the dissociation regimes induced by both particles. A comparison with previous experimental results is also presented.

Wolff, Wania, E-mail: wania@if.ufrj.br; Luna, Hugo; Sigaud, Lucas; Montenegro, Eduardo C. [Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, PO 68528, 21941-972 Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)] [Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, PO 68528, 21941-972 Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Tavares, Andre C. [Departamento de Física, Pontificia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro, PO 38071, Rua Marquęs de Săo Vicente 225, 22453-900 Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)] [Departamento de Física, Pontificia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro, PO 38071, Rua Marquęs de Săo Vicente 225, 22453-900 Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

2014-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

183

The theoretical top quark cross section at the Tevatron and the LHC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present results for the top quark pair cross section at the Tevatron and the LHC. We use the resummed double differential cross section, employing the fully kinematics-dependent soft anomalous dimension matrices, to calculate the soft-gluon contributions at next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO). We improve and update our previous estimates by refining our methods, including further subleading terms, and employing the most recent parton distribution function sets. The NNLO soft corrections significantly enhance the NLO cross section while considerably reducing the scale dependence. We provide a detailed discussion of all theoretical uncertainties in our calculation, including kinematics, scale, and parton distributions uncertainties and clarify the differences between our work and other approaches in the literature.

Kidonakis, N; Vogt, R

2008-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

184

Asymptotic High Energy Total Cross Sections and Theories with Extra Dimensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The rate at which cross sections grow with energy is sensitive to the presence of extra dimensions in a rather model-independent fashion. We examine how rates would be expected to grow if there are more spatial dimensions than 3 which appear at some energy scale, making connections with black hole physics and string theory. We also review what is known about the corresponding generalization of the Froissart-Martin bound and the experimental status of high energy hadronic cross sections which appear to saturate it up to the experimentally accessible limit of 100 TeV. We discuss how extra dimensions can be searched for in high energy cross section data and find no room for large extra dimensions in present data. Any apparent signatures of extra dimensions at the LHC may have to be interpreted as due to some other form of new physics.

J. Swain; A. Widom; Y. Srivastava

2014-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

185

Cross Sections for Leptophobic Topcolor Z' decaying to top-antitop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present numerical calculations of the production cross section of a heavy Z' resonance in hadron-hadron collisions with subsequent decay into top-antitop pairs. In particular, we consider the leptophobic topcolor Z' discussed under Model IV of hep-ph/9911288 which has predicted cross sections large enough to be experimentally accessible at the Fermilab Tevatron and the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. This article presents an updated calculation valid for the Tevatron and all proposed LHC collision energies. Cross sections are presented for various Z' widths, in p-pbar collisions at \\sqrt{s}=2 TeV, and in p-p collisions at \\sqrt{s}=7, 8, 10 and 14 TeV.

Robert M. Harris; Supriya Jain

2011-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

186

Measurements of neutron capture cross section for {sup 207,208}Pb  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The neutron capture cross sections for {sup 207,208}Pb have been measured in the neutron energy region from 10 to 110 keV. The ?-rays cascaded from a capture state to the ground state or low-lying states of {sup 208,209}Pb were observed for the first time, using an anti-Compton Nal(Tl) spectrometer and a TOF method. The observed discrete ?-ray energy spectra enabled us to determine neutron capture cross sections for {sup 207,208}Pb with small systematic errors, since we could distinguish ?-ray of {sup 207,208}Pb(n,?) reactions from background ?-ray with use of the ?-ray spectra. The obtained cross sections include both contributions of resonance and direct capture components different from the previous TOF measurements.

Segawa, M.; Toh, Y.; Harada, H.; Kitatani, F.; Koizumi, M.; Fukahori, T.; Iwamoto, N.; Iwamoto, O. [Nuclear Science and Engineering Directorate, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1195 (Japan); Oshima, M. [Nuclear Science and Engineering Directorate, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1195, Japan and Japan Chemical Analysis Center (Japan); Hatsukawa, Y. [Quantum Beam Science Directorate, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1195 (Japan); Nagai, Y. [Research Center for Nuclear Physics, Osaka University, Ibaraki, Osaka 567-0047 (Japan); Igashira, M. [Research Laboratory for Nuclear Reactors, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8550 (Japan); Kamada, S. [Research Laboratory for Nuclear Reactors, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8550, Japan and National Maritime Research Institute (Japan); Tajika, M. [Research Laboratory for Nuclear Reactors, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8550, Japan and Hitachi Solutions, Ltd. (Japan)

2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

187

First Measurement of the Muon Neutrino Charged Current Quasielastic Double Differential Cross Section  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A high-statistics sample of charged-current muon neutrino scattering events collected with the MiniBooNE experiment is analyzed to extract the first measurement of the double differential cross section (d{sup 2}{sigma}/dT{sub {mu}}d cos {theta}{sub {mu}}) for charged-current quasielastic (CCQE) scattering on carbon. This result features minimal model dependence and provides the most complete information on this process to date. With the assumption of CCQE scattering, the absolute cross section as a function of neutrino energy ({sigma}[E{sub {nu}}]) and the single differential cross section (d{sigma}/dQ{sup 2}) are extracted to facilitate comparison with previous measurements. These quantities may be used to characterize an effective axial-vector form factor of the nucleon and to improve the modeling of low-energy neutrino interactions on nuclear targets. The results are relevant for experiments searching for neutrino oscillations.

Aguilar-Arevalo, A.A.; /Mexico U., CEN; Anderson, C.E.; /Yale U.; Bazarko, A.O.; /Princeton U.; Brice, S.J.; /Fermilab; Brown, B.C.; /Fermilab; Bugel, L.; /Columbia U.; Cao, J.; /Michigan U.; Coney, L.; /Columbia U.; Conrad, J.M.; /MIT; Cox, D.C.; /Indiana U.; Curioni, A.; /Yale U. /Columbia U.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Cross sections and barriers for nuclear fission induced by high-energy nucleons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The cross sections for the fission of {sup 232}Th, {sup 235,238}U, {sup 237}Np, and {sup 239}Pu target nuclei that was induced by 20- to 1000-MeV neutrons and protons were calculated. The respective calculations were based on the multiconfiguration-fission (MCFx) model, which was used to describe three basic stages of the interaction of high-energy nucleons with nuclei: direct processes (intranuclear cascade), equilibration of the emerging compound system, and the decay of the compound nucleus (statistical model). Fission barriers were calculated within the microscopic approach for isotopic chains formed by 15 to 20 nuclei of the required elements. The calculated fission cross sections were compared with available experimental data. It was shown that the input data set and the theoretical model used made it possible to predict satisfactorily cross section for nuclear fission induced by 20- to 1000-MeV nucleons.

Grudzevich, O. T., E-mail: ogrudzevich@ippe.ru [Leipunsky Institute for Physics and Power Engineering (Russian Federation); Yavshits, S. G. [Khlopin Radium Institute (Russian Federation)] [Khlopin Radium Institute (Russian Federation)

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

189

Upsilon cross section in p+p collisions at sqrt(s) = 200 GeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on a measurement of the Upsilon(1S+2S+3S) -> e+e- cross section at midrapidity in p+p collisions at sqrt(s)=200 GeV. We find the cross section to be 114 +/- 38 (stat.) +23,-24 (syst.) pb. Perturbative QCD calculations at next-to-leading order in the Color Evaporation Model are in agreement with our measurement, while calculations in the Color Singlet Model underestimate it by 2 sigma. Our result is consistent with the trend seen in world data as a function of the center-of-mass energy of the collision and extends the availability of Upsilon data to RHIC energies. The dielectron continuum in the invariant mass range near the Upsilon is also studied to obtain a combined cross section of Drell-Yan plus (b b-bar) -> e+e-.

STAR Collaboration; B. I. Abelev; M. M. Aggarwal; Z. Ahammed; A. V. Alakhverdyants; B. D. Anderson; D. Arkhipkin; G. S. Averichev; J. Balewski; L. S. Barnby; S. Baumgart; D. R. Beavis; R. Bellwied; M. J. Betancourt; R. R. Betts; A. Bhasin; A. K. Bhati; H. Bichsel; J. Bielcik; J. Bielcikova; B. Biritz; L. C. Bland; B. E. Bonner; J. Bouchet; E. Braidot; A. V. Brandin; A. Bridgeman; E. Bruna; S. Bueltmann; I. Bunzarov; T. P. Burton; X. Z. Cai; H. Caines; M. Calderón de la Barca Sánchez; O. Catu; D. Cebra; R. Cendejas; M. C. Cervantes; Z. Chajecki; P. Chaloupka; S. Chattopadhyay; H. F. Chen; J. H. Chen; J. Y. Chen; J. Cheng; M. Cherney; A. Chikanian; K. E. Choi; W. Christie; P. Chung; R. F. Clarke; M. J. M. Codrington; R. Corliss; J. G. Cramer; H. J. Crawford; D. Das; S. Dash; A. Davila Leyva; L. C. De Silva; R. R. Debbe; T. G. Dedovich; M. DePhillips; A. A. Derevschikov; R. Derradi de Souza; L. Didenko; P. Djawotho; S. M. Dogra; X. Dong; J. L. Drachenberg; J. E. Draper; J. C. Dunlop; M. R. Dutta Mazumdar; L. G. Efimov; E. Elhalhuli; M. Elnimr; J. Engelage; G. Eppley; B. Erazmus; M. Estienne; L. Eun; O. Evdokimov; P. Fachini; R. Fatemi; J. Fedorisin; R. G. Fersch; P. Filip; E. Finch; V. Fine; Y. Fisyak; C. A. Gagliardi; D. R. Gangadharan; M. S. Ganti; E. J. Garcia-Solis; A. Geromitsos; F. Geurts; V. Ghazikhanian; P. Ghosh; Y. N. Gorbunov; A. Gordon; O. Grebenyuk; D. Grosnick; B. Grube; S. M. Guertin; A. Gupta; N. Gupta; W. Guryn; B. Haag; T. J. Hallman; A. Hamed; L-X. Han; J. W. Harris; J. P. Hays-Wehle; M. Heinz; S. Heppelmann; A. Hirsch; E. Hjort; A. M. Hoffman; G. W. Hoffmann; D. J. Hofman; R. S. Hollis; H. Z. Huang; T. J. Humanic; L. Huo; G. Igo; A. Iordanova; P. Jacobs; W. W. Jacobs; P. Jakl; C. Jena; F. Jin; C. L. Jones; P. G. Jones; J. Joseph; E. G. Judd; S. Kabana; K. Kajimoto; K. Kang; J. Kapitan; K. Kauder; D. Keane; A. Kechechyan; D. Kettler; D. P. Kikola; J. Kiryluk; A. Kisiel; A. G. Knospe; A. Kocoloski; D. D. Koetke; T. Kollegger; J. Konzer; M. Kopytine; I. Koralt; W. Korsch; L. Kotchenda; V. Kouchpil; P. Kravtsov; K. Krueger; M. Krus; L. Kumar; P. Kurnadi; M. A. C. Lamont; J. M. Landgraf; S. LaPointe; J. Lauret; A. Lebedev; R. Lednicky; C-H. Lee; J. H. Lee; W. Leight; M. J. LeVine; C. Li; L. Li; N. Li; W. Li; X. Li; X. Li; Y. Li; Z. Li; G. Lin; S. J. Lindenbaum; M. A. Lisa; F. Liu; H. Liu; J. Liu; T. Ljubicic; W. J. Llope; R. S. Longacre; W. A. Love; Y. Lu; G. L. Ma; Y. G. Ma; D. P. Mahapatra; R. Majka; O. I. Mall; L. K. Mangotra; R. Manweiler; S. Margetis; C. Markert; H. Masui; H. S. Matis; Yu. A. Matulenko; D. McDonald; T. S. McShane; A. Meschanin; R. Milner; N. G. Minaev; S. Mioduszewski; A. Mischke; M. K. Mitrovski; B. Mohanty; M. M. Mondal; D. A. Morozov; M. G. Munhoz; B. K. Nandi; C. Nattrass; T. K. Nayak; J. M. Nelson; P. K. Netrakanti; M. J. Ng; L. V. Nogach; S. B. Nurushev; G. Odyniec; A. Ogawa; H. Okada; V. Okorokov; D. Olson; M. Pachr; B. S. Page; S. K. Pal; Y. Pandit; Y. Panebratsev; T. Pawlak; T. Peitzmann; V. Perevoztchikov; C. Perkins; W. Peryt; S. C. Phatak; P. Pile; M. Planinic; M. A. Ploskon; J. Pluta; D. Plyku; N. Poljak; A. M. Poskanzer; B. V. K. S. Potukuchi; C. B. Powell; D. Prindle; C. Pruneau; N. K. Pruthi; P. R. Pujahari; J. Putschke; R. Raniwala; S. Raniwala; R. L. Ray; R. Redwine; R. Reed; J. M. Rehberg; H. G. Ritter; J. B. Roberts; O. V. Rogachevskiy; J. L. Romero; A. Rose; C. Roy; L. Ruan; R. Sahoo; S. Sakai; I. Sakrejda; T. Sakuma; S. Salur; J. Sandweiss; E. Sangaline; J. Schambach; R. P. Scharenberg; N. Schmitz; T. R. Schuster; J. Seele; J. Seger; I. Selyuzhenkov; P. Seyboth; E. Shahaliev; M. Shao; M. Sharma; S. S. Shi; E. P. Sichtermann; F. Simon; R. N. Singaraju; M. J. Skoby; N. Smirnov; P. Sorensen; J. Sowinski; H. M. Spinka; B. Srivastava; T. D. S. Stanislaus; D. Staszak; J. R. Stevens; R. Stock; M. Strikhanov; B. Stringfellow; A. A. P. Suaide; M. C. Suarez; N. L. Subba; M. Sumbera; X. M. Sun; Y. Sun; Z. Sun; B. Surrow; T. J. M. Symons; A. Szanto de Toledo; J. Takahashi; A. H. Tang; Z. Tang; L. H. Tarini; T. Tarnowsky; D. Thein; J. H. Thomas; J. Tian; A. R. Timmins; S. Timoshenko; D. Tlusty; M. Tokarev; T. A. Trainor; V. N. Tram; S. Trentalange; R. E. Tribble; O. D. Tsai; J. Ulery; T. Ullrich; D. G. Underwood; G. Van Buren; M. van Leeuwen; G. van Nieuwenhuizen; J. A. Vanfossen Jr.; R. Varma; G. M. S. Vasconcelos; A. N. Vasiliev; F. Videbaek; Y. P. Viyogi; S. Vokal; S. A. Voloshin; M. Wada; M. Walker; F. Wang; G. Wang; H. Wang; J. S. Wang; Q. Wang; X. L. Wang; Y. Wang; G. Webb; J. C. Webb; G. D. Westfall; C. Whitten Jr.; H. Wieman; E. Wingfield; S. W. Wissink; R. Witt; Y. Wu; W. Xie; N. Xu; Q. H. Xu; W. Xu; Y. Xu; Z. Xu; L. Xue; Y. Yang; P. Yepes; K. Yip; I-K. Yoo; Q. Yue; M. Zawisza; H. Zbroszczyk; W. Zhan; S. Zhang; W. M. Zhang; X. P. Zhang; Y. Zhang; Z. P. Zhang; J. Zhao; C. Zhong; J. Zhou; W. Zhou; X. Zhu; Y. H. Zhu

2010-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

190

Cross sections for electron scattering by propane in the low- and intermediate-energy ranges  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a joint theoretical-experimental study on electron scattering by propane (C{sub 3}H{sub 8}) in the low- and intermediate-energy ranges. Calculated elastic differential, integral, and momentum transfer as well as total (elastic + inelastic) and total absorption cross sections are reported for impact energies ranging from 2 to 500 eV. Also, experimental absolute elastic cross sections are reported in the 40- to 500-eV energy range. A complex optical potential is used to represent the electron-molecule interaction dynamics. A theoretical method based on the single-center-expansion close-coupling framework and corrected by the Pade approximant is used to solve the scattering equations. The experimental angular distributions of the scattered electrons are converted to absolute cross sections using the relative flow technique. The comparison of our calculated with our measured results, as well as with other experimental and theoretical data available in the literature, is encouraging.

Souza, G. L. C. de; Lee, M.-T.; Sanches, I. P.; Rawat, P.; Iga, I.; Santos, A. S. dos; Machado, L. E.; Sugohara, R. T.; Brescansin, L. M.; Homem, M. G. P.; Lucchese, R. R. [Departamento de Quimica, UFSCar, 13565-905 Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil); Departamento de Fisica, UFSCar, 13565-905 Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil); Instituto de Fisica 'Gleb Wataghin', UNICAMP, 13083-970 Campinas, SP (Brazil); Departamento de Fisica, UFSC, 88010-970 Florianopolis, SC (Brazil); Department of Chemistry, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 7784-3255 (United States)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

191

POINT 2011: ENDF/B-VII.1 Beta2 Temperature Dependent Cross Section Library  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is one in the series of 'POINT' reports that over the years have presented temperature dependent cross sections for the then current version of ENDF/B. In each case I have used my personal computer at home and publicly available data and codes. I have used these in combination to produce the temperature dependent cross sections used in applications and presented in this report. I should mention that today anyone with a personal computer can produce these results. The latest ENDF/B-VII.1 beta2 data library was recently and is now freely available through the National Nuclear Data Center (NNDC), Brookhaven National Laboratory. This release completely supersedes all preceding releases of ENDF/B. As distributed the ENDF/B-VII.1 data includes cross sections represented in the form of a combination of resonance parameters and/or tabulated energy dependent cross sections, nominally at 0 Kelvin temperature. For use in our applications the ENDF/B-VII.1 library has been processed into cross sections at eight neutron reactor like temperatures, between 0 and 2100 Kelvin, in steps of 300 Kelvin (the exception being 293.6 Kelvin, for exact room temperature at 20 Celsius). It has also been processed to five astrophysics like temperatures, 1, 10, 100 eV, 1 and 10 keV. For reference purposes, 300 Kelvin is approximately 1/40 eV, so that 1 eV is approximately 12,000 Kelvin. At each temperature the cross sections are tabulated and linearly interpolable in energy. All results are in the computer independent ENDF-6 character format [R2], which allows the data to be easily transported between computers. In its processed form the POINT 2011 library is approximately 16 gigabyte in size and is distributed on one compressed DVDs (see, below for the details of the contents of each DVD).

Cullen, D E

2011-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

192

Measurement of the elastic scattering cross section of neutrons from argon and neon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Background: The most significant source of background in direct dark matter searches are neutrons that scatter elastically from nuclei in the detector's sensitive volume. Experimental data for the elastic scattering cross section of neutrons from argon and neon, which are target materials of interest to the dark matter community, were previously unavailable. Purpose: Measure the differential cross section for elastic scattering of neutrons from argon and neon in the energy range relevant to backgrounds from (alpha,n) reactions in direct dark matter searches. Method: Cross-section data were taken at the Triangle Universities Nuclear Laboratory (TUNL) using the neutron time-of-flight technique. These data were fit using the spherical optical model. Results: The differential cross section for elastic scatting of neutrons from neon at 5.0 and 8.0 MeV and argon at 6.0 MeV was measured. Optical-model parameters for the elastic scattering reactions were determined from the best fit to these data. The total elastic scattering cross section for neon was found to differ by 6% at 5.0 MeV and 13% at 8.0 MeV from global optical-model predictions. Compared to a local optical-model for 40Ar, the elastic scattering cross section was found to differ from the data by 8% at 6.0 MeV. Conclusions: These new data are important for improving Monte-Carlo simulations and background estimates for direct dark matter searches and for benchmarking optical models of neutron elastic scattering from these nuclei.

S. MacMullin; M. Kidd; R. Henning; W. Tornow; C. R. Howell; M. Brown

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

193

Measurement of the ZZ production cross section using the full CDF II data set  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a measurement of the ZZ boson-pair production cross section in 1.96 TeV center-of-mass energy ppbar collisions. We reconstruct final states incorporating four charged leptons or two charged leptons and two neutrinos from the full data set collected by the Collider Detector experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron, corresponding to 9.7 fb-1 of integrated luminosity. Combining the results obtained from each final state, we measure a cross section of 1.04(+0.32)(-0.25) pb, in good agreement with the standard model prediction at next-to-leading order in the strong-interaction coupling.

CDF Collaboration; T. Aaltonen; S. Amerio; D. Amidei; A. Anastassov; A. Annovi; J. Antos; G. Apollinari; J. A. Appel; T. Arisawa; A. Artikov; J. Asaadi; W. Ashmanskas; B. Auerbach; A. Aurisano; F. Azfar; W. Badgett; T. Bae; A. Barbaro-Galtieri; V. E. Barnes; B. A. Barnett; P. Barria; P. Bartos; M. Bauce; F. Bedeschi; S. Behari; G. Bellettini; J. Bellinger; D. Benjamin; A. Beretvas; A. Bhatti; K. R. Bland; B. Blumenfeld; A. Bocci; A. Bodek; D. Bortoletto; J. Boudreau; A. Boveia; L. Brigliadori; C. Bromberg; E. Brucken; J. Budagov; H. S. Budd; K. Burkett; G. Busetto; P. Bussey; P. Butti; A. Buzatu; A. Calamba; S. Camarda; M. Campanelli; F. Canelli; B. Carls; D. Carlsmith; R. Carosi; S. Carrillo; B. Casal; M. Casarsa; A. Castro; P. Catastini; D. Cauz; V. Cavaliere; M. Cavalli-Sforza; A. Cerri; L. Cerrito; Y. C. Chen; M. Chertok; G. Chiarelli; G. Chlachidze; K. Cho; D. Chokheli; A. Clark; C. Clarke; M. E. Convery; J. Conway; M. Corbo; M. Cordelli; C. A. Cox; D. J. Cox; M. Cremonesi; D. Cruz; J. Cuevas; R. Culbertson; N. d'Ascenzo; M. Datta; P. de Barbaro; L. Demortier; L. Marchese; M. Deninno; F. Devoto; M. D'Errico; A. Di Canto; B. Di Ruzza; J. R. Dittmann; M. D'Onofrio; S. Donati; M. Dorigo; A. Driutti; K. Ebina; R. Edgar; A. Elagin; R. Erbacher; S. Errede; B. Esham; S. Farrington; J. P. Fernández Ramos; R. Field; G. Flanagan; R. Forrest; M. Franklin; J. C. Freeman; H. Frisch; Y. Funakoshi; C. Galloni; A. F. Garfinkel; P. Garosi; H. Gerberich; E. Gerchtein; S. Giagu; V. Giakoumopoulou; K. Gibson; C. M. Ginsburg; N. Giokaris; P. Giromini; G. Giurgiu; V. Glagolev; D. Glenzinski; M. Gold; D. Goldin; A. Golossanov; G. Gomez; G. Gomez-Ceballos; M. Goncharov; O. González López; I. Gorelov; A. T. Goshaw; K. Goulianos; E. Gramellini; S. Grinstein; C. Grosso-Pilcher; R. C. Group; J. Guimaraes da Costa; S. R. Hahn; J. Y. Han; F. Happacher; K. Hara; M. Hare; R. F. Harr; T. Harrington-Taber; K. Hatakeyama; C. Hays; J. Heinrich; M. Herndon; A. Hocker; Z. Hong; W. Hopkins; S. Hou; R. E. Hughes; U. Husemann; M. Hussein; J. Huston; G. Introzzi; M. Iori; A. Ivanov; E. James; D. Jang; B. Jayatilaka; E. J. Jeon; S. Jindariani; M. Jones; K. K. Joo; S. Y. Jun; T. R. Junk; M. Kambeitz; T. Kamon; P. E. Karchin; A. Kasmi; Y. Kato; W. Ketchum; J. Keung; B. Kilminster; D. H. Kim; H. S. Kim; J. E. Kim; M. J. Kim; S. B. Kim; S. H. Kim; Y. K. Kim; Y. J. Kim; N. Kimura; M. Kirby; K. Knoepfel; K. Kondo; D. J. Kong; J. Konigsberg; A. V. Kotwal; M. Kreps; J. Kroll; M. Kruse; T. Kuhr; M. Kurata; A. T. Laasanen; S. Lammel; M. Lancaster; K. Lannon; G. Latino; H. S. Lee; J. S. Lee; S. Leo; S. Leone; J. D. Lewis; A. Limosani; E. Lipeles; A. Lister; H. Liu; Q. Liu; T. Liu; S. Lockwitz; A. Loginov; A. Lucŕ; D. Lucchesi; J. Lueck; P. Lujan; P. Lukens; G. Lungu; J. Lys; R. Lysak; R. Madrak; P. Maestro; S. Malik; G. Manca; A. Manousakis-Katsikakis; F. Margaroli; P. Marino; M. Martínez; K. Matera; M. E. Mattson; A. Mazzacane; P. Mazzanti; R. McNulty; A. Mehta; P. Mehtala; C. Mesropian; T. Miao; D. Mietlicki; A. Mitra; H. Miyake; S. Moed; N. Moggi; C. S. Moon; R. Moore; M. J. Morello; A. Mukherjee; Th. Muller; P. Murat; M. Mussini; J. Nachtman; Y. Nagai; J. Naganoma; I. Nakano; A. Napier; J. Nett; C. Neu; T. Nigmanov; L. Nodulman; S. Y. Noh; O. Norniella; L. Oakes; S. H. Oh; Y. D. Oh; I. Oksuzian; T. Okusawa; R. Orava; L. Ortolan; C. Pagliarone; E. Palencia; P. Palni; V. Papadimitriou; W. Parker; G. Pauletta; M. Paulini; C. Paus; T. J. Phillips; G. Piacentino; E. Pianori; J. Pilot; K. Pitts; C. Plager; L. Pondrom; S. Poprocki; K. Potamianos; F. Prokoshin; A. Pranko; F. Ptohos; G. Punzi; N. Ranjan; I. Redondo Fernández; P. Renton; M. Rescigno; F. Rimondi; L. Ristori; A. Robson; T. Rodriguez; S. Rolli; M. Ronzani; R. Roser; J. L. Rosner; F. Ruffini; A. Ruiz; J. Russ; V. Rusu; W. K. Sakumoto; Y. Sakurai; L. Santi; K. Sato; V. Saveliev; A. Savoy-Navarro; P. Schlabach; E. E. Schmidt; T. Schwarz; L. Scodellaro; F. Scuri; S. Seidel; Y. Seiya; A. Semenov; F. Sforza; S. Z. Shalhout; T. Shears; P. F. Shepard; M. Shimojima; M. Shochet; I. Shreyber-Tecker; A. Simonenko; K. Sliwa; J. R. Smith; F. D. Snider; V. Sorin; H. Song; M. Stancari; R. St. Denis; D. Stentz; J. Strologas; Y. Sudo; A. Sukhanov; I. Suslov; K. Takemasa; Y. Takeuchi; J. Tang; M. Tecchio; P. K. Teng; J. Thom; E. Thomson; V. Thukral; D. Toback; S. Tokar; K. Tollefson; T. Tomura; D. Tonelli; S. Torre; D. Torretta; P. Totaro; M. Trovato; F. Ukegawa; S. Uozumi; F. Vázquez; G. Velev; C. Vellidis; C. Vernieri; M. Vidal; R. Vilar; J. Vizán; M. Vogel; G. Volpi; P. Wagner; R. Wallny; S. M. Wang; D. Waters; W. C. Wester III; D. Whiteson; A. B. Wicklund; S. Wilbur; H. H. Williams; J. S. Wilson; P. Wilson; B. L. Winer; P. Wittich; S. Wolbers; H. Wolfe; T. Wright; X. Wu; Z. Wu; K. Yamamoto; D. Yamato; T. Yang; U. K. Yang; Y. C. Yang; W. -M. Yao; G. P. Yeh; K. Yi; J. Yoh; K. Yorita; T. Yoshida; G. B. Yu

2014-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

194

Cross sections for hard exclusive electroproduction of $\\pi^{+}$ mesons on a hydrogen target  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The exclusive electroproduction of pi+ mesons was studied with the Hermes spectrometer at the DESY laboratory by scattering 27.6 GeV positron and electron beams off an internal hydrogen gas target. The virtual-photon cross sections were measured as a function of the Mandelstam variable t and the squared four momentum -Q^2 of the exchanged virtual photon. A model calculation based on Generalized Parton Distributions is in fair agreement with the data at low values of |t| if power corrections are included. A model calculation based on the Regge formalism gives a good description of the magnitude and the t and Q^2 dependences of the cross section.

Airapetian, A; Akopov, Z; Aschenauer, E C; Augustyniak, W; Avetisian, A; Avetissian, E; Barion, L; Belostotskii, S; Bianchi, N; Blok, H P; Böttcher, H; Bonomo, C; Borisov, A; Bryzgalov, V; Burns, J; Capiluppi, M; Capitani, G P; Cisbani, E; Ciullo, G; Contalbrigo, M; Dalpiaz, P F; Deconinck, W; De Leo, R; Demey, M; De Nardo, L; De Sanctis, E; Diefenthaler, M; Di Nezza, P; Dreschler, J; Düren, M; Ehrenfried, M; Elbakian, G; Ellinghaus, F; Fabbri, R; Fantoni, A; Frullani, S; Gabbert, D; Gapienko, G; Gapienko, V; Garibaldi, F; Gavrilov, G; Karibian, V; Giordano, F; Gliske, S; Guler, H; Hadjidakis, C; Hasch, D; Hill, G; Hillenbrand, A; Hoek, M; Hristova, I; Imazu, Y; Ivanilov, A; Jackson, H E; Joosten, S; Kaiser, R; Keri, T; Kinney, E; Kiselev, A; Kopytin, M; Korotkov, V; Kravchenko, P; Krivokhizhin, V G; Lagamba, L; Lamb, R; Lapikas, L; Lehmann, I; Lenisa, P; Linden-Levy, L A; Lopez Ruiz, A; Lorenzon, W; Lu, S; Lü, X; Mahon, D; Makins, N C R; Marianski, B; Marukyan, H; Miller, C A; Miyachi, Y; Muccifora, V; Murray, M; Mussgiller, A; Nappi, E; Naryshkin, Yu; Nass, A; Negodaev, M; Nowak, W D; Pappalardo, L L; Perez-Benito, R; Pickert, N; Raithel, M; Reimer, P E; Reolon, A R; Riedl, C; Rith, K; Rock, S E; Rosner, G; Rostomyan, A; Rubacek, L; Rubin, J; Ryckbosch, D; Salomatin, Y; Schäfer, A; Schnell, G; Schüler, K P; Seitz, B; Shearer, C; Shibata, T A; Shutov, V; Stancari, M; Statera, M; Steijger, J J M; Stenzel, H; Stewart, J; Stinzing, F; Streit, J; Taroian, S; Thomas, E; Trzcinski, A; Tytgat, M; Vandenbroucke, A; Van der Nat, P B; van der Steenhoven, G; Van Haarlem, Y; Van Hulse, C; Varanda, M; Veretennikov, D; Vikhrov, V; Vilardi, I; Vogel, C; Wang, S; Yaschenko, S; Ye, H; Ye, Z; Yen, S; Yu, W; Zeiler, D; Zihlmann, B; Zupranski, P

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Measurement of the inelastic proton-proton cross section with the ATLAS detector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A measurement of the inelastic proton-proton cross-section at centre-of-mass energy of Central diffraction in proton-proton collisions at {radical}(s) = 7TeV using the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider is presented. Events are selected by requiring hits in scintillator counters mounted in the forward region of the ATLAS detector and the dataset corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 20{mu}b{sup -1}. In addition, the total cross-section is studied as a function of the rapidity gap size measured with the inner detector and calorimetry.

Zenis, Tibor [Comenius University Bratislava (Slovakia); Collaboration: ATLAS Collaboration

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

196

Nuclear Matter Incompressibility Effect on the Cross Section of Fusion Reactions with a weakly bound projectile  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fusion reactions with a weakly bound projectile are studied using the double-folding model along with a repulsive interaction modifying term. Using this modified potential, including nuclear matter incompressibility effects, the fusion reaction cross sections and suppression parameters are calculated for 9Be +209Bi,208Pb,29Si and 27Al reactions. The results show that applying these effects at energies near the Coulomb barrier improves the agreement between the calculated and experimental cross sections, and modifies the mean values of the suppression parameter.

S. A. Seyyedi; H. Golnarkar

2015-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

197

Measurements of ultra-low-energy electron scattering cross sections of atoms and molecules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new experimental technique for the total cross section measurements of ultra-low energy electron collisions with atoms and molecules utilizing the synchrotron radiation is presented. The technique employs a combination of the penetrating field technique and the threshold photoionization of rare gas atoms using the synchrotron radiation as an electron source in order to produce a high resolution electron beam at very low energy. Absolute total cross sections for electron scattering from He, Ne, Ar, Kr, and Xe in the energy region from extremely low electron energy to 20 eV are presented.

Kitajima, M.; Shigemura, K.; Kurokawa, M. [Department of Chemistry, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 152-8551 Tokyo (Japan); Odagiri, T. [Department of Physics, Sophia University, 102-8554 Tokyo, Japan and Department of Chemistry, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 152-8551 Tokyo (Japan); Kato, H.; Hoshino, M.; Tanaka, H. [Department of Physics, Sophia University, 102-8554 Tokyo (Japan); Ito, K. [Photon Factory, Institute of Materials Structure Science, 305-0801 Tsukuba (Japan)

2014-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

198

Deuterium-deuterium nuclear cross-sections in insulator and metallic environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The three-dimensional Thomas-Fermi (TF) model is used to simulate the variation of the d+d to t + p cross-section at low impact energies, when the target deuterium nucleus is embedded in metallic or insulator environments. Comparison of the computational results to recent experiments demonstrates that even though the TF model can explain some increase in the low energy cross section for metallic host, a full explanation of the experimental results is still lacking. Possible reasons for the disagreement are discussed.

David Salzmann; Michael Hass

2008-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

199

Neutron total cross section measurements of gold and tantalum at the nELBE photoneutron source  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutron total cross sections of $^{197}$Au and $^\\text{nat}$Ta have been measured at the nELBE photoneutron source in the energy range from 0.1 - 10 MeV with a statistical uncertainty of up to 2 % and a total systematic uncertainty of 1 %. This facility is optimized for the fast neutron energy range and combines an excellent time structure of the neutron pulses (electron bunch width 5 ps) with a short flight path of 7 m. Because of the low instantaneous neutron flux transmission measurements of neutron total cross sections are possible, that exhibit very different beam and background conditions than found at other neutron sources.

Roland Hannaske; Zoltan Elekes; Roland Beyer; Arnd Junghans; Daniel Bemmerer; Evert Birgersson; Anna Ferrari; Eckart Grosse; Mathias Kempe; Toni Kögler; Michele Marta; Ralph Massarczyk; Andrija Matic; Georg Schramm; Ronald Schwengner; Andreas Wagner

2013-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

200

Geologic Map and Cross Sections of the McGinness Hills Geothermal Area - GIS Data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Geologic map data in shapefile format that includes faults, unit contacts, unit polygons, attitudes of strata and faults, and surficial geothermal features. 5 cross?sections in Adobe Illustrator format. Comprehensive catalogue of drill?hole data in spreadsheet, shapefile, and Geosoft database formats. Includes XYZ locations of well heads, year drilled, type of well, operator, total depths, well path data (deviations), lithology logs, and temperature data. 3D model constructed with EarthVision using geologic map data, cross?sections, drill?hole data, and geophysics.

Faulds, James E.

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical sonic cross-section" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Solar fusion cross sections II: the pp chain and CNO cycles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The available data on nuclear fusion cross sections important to energy generation in the Sun and other hydrogen-burning stars and to solar neutrino production are summarized and critically evaluated. Recommended values and uncertainties are provided for key cross sections, and a recommended spectrum is given for 8B solar neutrinos. Opportunities for further increasing the precision of key rates are also discussed, including new facilities, new experimental techniques, and improvements in theory. This review, which summarizes the conclusions of a workshop held at the Institute for Nuclear Theory, Seattle, in January 2009, is intended as a 10-year update and supplement to 1998, Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1265.

Adelberger, E G; Bemmerer, D; Bertulani, C A; Chen, J -W; Costantini, H; Couder, M; Cyburt, R; Davids, B; Freedman, S J; Gai, M; Garcia, A; Gazit, D; Gialanella, L; Greife, U; Hass, M; Heeger, K; Haxton, W C; Imbriani, G; Itahashi, T; Junghans, A; Kubodera, K; Langanke, K; Leitner, D; Leitner, M; Marcucci, L E; Motobayashi, T; Mukhamedzhanov, A; Nollett, Kenneth M; Nunes, F M; Park, T -S; Parker, P D; Prati, P; Ramsey-Musolf, M J; Hamish Robertson, R G; Schiavilla, R; Simpson, E C; Snover, K A; Spitaleri, C; Strieder, F; Suemmerer, K; Trautvetter, R E; Tribble, R E; Typel, S; Uberseder, E; Vetter, P; Wiescher, M

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Production Cross Section of Neutron-Rich Calcium Isotopes in Heavy Ion Collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on the isospin-dependent quantum molecular dynamics model along with the GEMINI model, heavy-ion collisions at intermediate energies are studied. We calculate the production cross sections of different fragments for reactions of 112Sn+112Sn and 124Sn+124Sn at different beam energies. The species and production cross sections of neutron-rich isotopes are generally dependent on the isospin of the system and the incident energies. The nucleon 48Ca and 54Ca are more productive for the neutron-rich system at 30 to 150 MeV/nucleon.

Donghong Zhang; Wenjie Xie; Jun Su; Fengshou Zhang

2015-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

203

In-medium nucleon-nucleon cross-sections with non-spherical Pauli blocking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a formalism to solve the Bethe-Goldstone scattering equation without the use of partial wave expansion which is alternative to the one we developed in a previous work. The present approach is more suitable for the calculation of in-medium nucleon-nucleon cross sections, which are the focal point of this paper. The impact of removing the spherical approximation on the angle and energy dependence of, particularly, in-medium proton-proton and proton-neutron differential cross sections is discussed along with its potential implication.

L. White; F. Sammarruca

2014-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

204

Geologic Map and Cross Sections of the McGinness Hills Geothermal Area - GIS Data  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

Geologic map data in shapefile format that includes faults, unit contacts, unit polygons, attitudes of strata and faults, and surficial geothermal features. 5 cross?sections in Adobe Illustrator format. Comprehensive catalogue of drill?hole data in spreadsheet, shapefile, and Geosoft database formats. Includes XYZ locations of well heads, year drilled, type of well, operator, total depths, well path data (deviations), lithology logs, and temperature data. 3D model constructed with EarthVision using geologic map data, cross?sections, drill?hole data, and geophysics.

Faulds, James E.

205

Report on 241,242Am(n,x) surrogate cross section measurement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main goal of this measurement is to determine the {sup 242}Am(n,f) and {sup 241}Am(n,f) cross sections via the surrogate {sup 243}Am. Gamma-ray data was also collected for the purpose of measuring the (n,2n) cross-sections. The experiment was conducted using the STARS/LIBERACE experimental facility located at the 88 Inch Cyclotron at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory the first week of February 2011. A description of the experiment and status of the data analysis follow.

Burke, J T; Ressler, J J; Gostic, J; Henderson, R A; Bernstein, L A; Escher, J E; Bleuel, D; Kritcher, A; Matoon, C; Scielzo, N D; Stoyer, M A

2011-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

206

Nuclear Matter Incompressibility Effect on the Cross Section of Fusion Reactions with a weakly bound projectile  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fusion reactions with a weakly bound projectile are studied using the double-folding model along with a repulsive interaction modifying term. Using this modified potential, including nuclear matter incompressibility effects, the fusion reaction cross sections and suppression parameters are calculated for 9Be +209Bi,208Pb,29Si and 27Al reactions. The results show that applying these effects at energies near the Coulomb barrier improves the agreement between the calculated and experimental cross sections, and modifies the mean values of the suppression parameter.

Seyyedi, S A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Cross sections for hard exclusive electroproduction of pi+ mesons on a hydrogen target  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The exclusive electroproduction of pi+ mesons was studied with the Hermes spectrometer at the DESY laboratory by scattering 27.6 GeV positron and electron beams off an internal hydrogen gas target. The virtual-photon cross sections were measured as a function of the Mandelstam variable t and the squared four momentum -Q^2 of the exchanged virtual photon. A model calculation based on Generalized Parton Distributions is in fair agreement with the data at low values of |t| if power corrections are included. A model calculation based on the Regge formalism gives a good description of the magnitude and the t and Q^2 dependences of the cross section.

HERMES Collaboration; A. Airapetian

2007-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

208

Upsilon production cross section in pp collisions at ?s=7??TeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ?(1S), ?(2S), and ?(3S) production cross sections in proton-proton collisions at ?s=7??TeV are measured using a data sample collected with the CMS detector at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of ...

Paus, Christoph M E

2011-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

209

A Well-Balanced Scheme For Two-Fluid Flows In Variable Cross-Section ducts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, ) p = p(, s, ), h = h(, s, ). (21) Then in these variables the sound speed c satisfies c2 = p = h. (22 of a mixture of two compressible fluids (a gas (1) and a liquid (2), for instance) in a cross-section duct

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

210

Systematics of cross sections for target K-vacancy production in heavy ion collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cross sections for K-shell ionization by heavy ions have been determined from the measurements of target K x-ray yields. The measurements were performed with Ar, Kr, and Xe ions at energies from 2.5 to 25 MeV/amu and self-supported metallic foil...

Peng, Yong

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

211

Measurement of the inclusive B* cross section above the ?(4S)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the CLEO II detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring, we have determined the inclusive B* cross section above the ?(4S) resonance in the energy range from 10.61 to 10.70 GeV. We also report a new measurement of the energy of the B...

Baringer, Philip S.

1991-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

212

Charm quark and D^* cross sections in deeply inelastic scattering at DESY HERA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A next-to-leading order Monte Carlo program for the calculation of heavy quark cross sections in deeply inelastic scattering is described. Concentrating on charm quark and D^*(2010) production at HERA, several distributions are presented and their variation with respect to charm quark mass, parton distribution set, and renormalization-factorization scale is studied.

B. W. Harris; J. Smith

1997-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

213

Technique for mounting SiC fibers for cross-sectional microscopic examination  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Silicon carbide (SiC) fibers are commonly used in many composite and other material applications. It is often of interest to examine cross sections of such fibers microscopically, prior to composite manufacturing processes, to ensure diameter consistency. However, SiC fibers are difficult materials to metallographically mount and polish, because the fibers are harder than most epoxy mounting materials. The difference in hardness between the SiC and the mounting epoxy usually causes rounding of the fibers during final polishing. It is also difficult to position a large group of fibers for cross-sectioning, because a group of closely spaced fibers will have poor bonding to the epoxy. The following technique was developed to improve the preparation of cross-sectional samples of SiC fibers. In this study, fibers of SiC plated with electroless nickel were used to demonstrate the technique. The following outline describes the steps that were taken in preparing a cross-sectional specimen of the plated fibers.

Ptasienski, J.J. (Alcoa Technical Center, Alcoa Center, PA (United States))

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Neutron field reconstruction with consideration of the spatial correlation of the cross-section value error  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method for reconstructing the neutron field in a reactor with consideration of the spatial correlation of the cross-section value error was analyzed. It was shown that this method is more accurate than the classical approach to reconstruction. An efficient way of using this technique was proposed. The efficiency for the RBMK critical test facility was estimated.

Semyonov, A. A.; Druzhaev, A. A., E-mail: andreydruzhaev@gmail.com; Schukin, N. V. [National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Russian Federation)

2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

215

Dynamic interaction potential and the scattering cross sections of the semiclassical plasma particles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The dynamic model of the charged particles interaction in non-ideal semiclassical plasma is presented. This model takes into account the quantum mechanical diffraction effect and the dynamic screening effect. On the basis of the dynamic interaction potential, the electron scattering cross sections are investigated. Comparison with the results obtained on the basis of other models and conclusions were made.

Dzhumagulova, K. N.; Shalenov, E. O.; Gabdullina, G. L. [IETP, Al Farabi Kazakh National University, 71al Farabi Street, Almaty 050040 (Kazakhstan)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

216

Estimation of (n,f) Cross-Sections by Measuring Reaction Probability Ratios  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neutron-induced reaction cross-sections on unstable nuclei are inherently difficult to measure due to target activity and the low intensity of neutron beams. In an alternative approach, named the 'surrogate' technique, one measures the decay probability of the same compound nucleus produced using a stable beam on a stable target to estimate the neutron-induced reaction cross-section. As an extension of the surrogate method, in this paper they introduce a new technique of measuring the fission probabilities of two different compound nuclei as a ratio, which has the advantage of removing most of the systematic uncertainties. This method was benchmarked in this report by measuring the probability of deuteron-induced fission events in coincidence with protons, and forming the ratio P({sup 236}U(d,pf))/P({sup 238}U(d,pf)), which serves as a surrogate for the known cross-section ratio of {sup 236}U(n,f)/{sup 238}U(n,f). IN addition, the P({sup 238}U(d,d{prime}f))/P({sup 236}U(d,d{prime}f)) ratio as a surrogate for the {sup 237}U(n,f)/{sup 235}U(n,f) cross-section ratio was measured for the first time in an unprecedented range of excitation energies.

Plettner, C; Ai, H; Beausang, C W; Bernstein, L A; Ahle, L; Amro, H; Babilon, M; Burke, J T; Caggiano, J A; Casten, R F; Church, J A; Cooper, J R; Crider, B; Gurdal, G; Heinz, A; McCutchan, E A; Moody, K; Punyon, J A; Qian, J; Ressler, J J; Schiller, A; Williams, E; Younes, W

2005-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

217

Systematic determination of absolute absorption cross-section of individual carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Systematic determination of absolute absorption cross-section of individual carbon nanotubes Kaihui of optical contrast from individual carbon nanotubes has been successfully achieved with a polarization-sensitivity absorption spectros- copy for individual single-walled carbon nanotubes by combining the polarization

Wang, Feng

218

Extracting electric dipole breakup cross section of one-neutron halo nuclei from breakup observables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How to extract an electric dipole (E1) breakup cross section \\sigma(E1) from one- neutron removal cross sections measured by using 12C and 208Pb targets, \\sigma_(-1n)^C and \\sigma_(-1n)^Pb, respectively, is discussed. It is shown that within about 5% error, \\sigma(E1) can be obtained by subtracting \\Gamma \\sigma_(-1n)^C from \\sigma_(- 1n)^Pb, as assumed in preceding studies. However, for the reaction of weakly-bound projectiles, the scaling factor \\Gamma is found to be two times as large as that usually adopted. As a result, we obtain 13-20% smaller \\sigma(E1) of 31Ne at 250 MeV/nucleon than extracted in a previous analysis of experimental data. By compiling the values of \\Gamma obtained for several projectiles, \\Gamma=(2.30 +/- 0.41)\\exp(- S_n)+(2.43 +/- 0.21) is obtained, where S_n is the neutron separation energy. The target mass number dependence of the nuclear parts of the one-neutron removal cross section and the elastic breakup cross section is also investigated.

Kazuki Yoshida; Tokuro Fukui; Kosho Minomo; Kazuyuki Ogata

2014-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

219

New measurement of the scattering cross section of slow neutrons on liquid parahydrogen from neutron transmission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Slow neutron scattering provides quantitative information on the structure and dynamics of materials of interest in physics, chemistry, materials science, biology, geology, and other fields. Liquid hydrogen is a widely-used neutron moderator medium, and an accurate knowledge of its slow neutron cross section is essential for the design and optimization of intense slow neutron sources. In particular the rapid drop of the slow neutron scattering cross section of liquid parahydrogen below 14.5~meV is especially interesting and important. We have measured the total cross section and the scattering cross section for slow neutrons with energies between 0.43~meV and 16.1~meV on liquid hydrogen at 15.6~K using neutron transmission measurements on the hydrogen target of the NPDGamma collaboration at the Spallation Neutron Source at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. At 1~meV this measurement is a factor of 3 below the data from previous work which has been used in the design of liquid hydrogen moderators at slow neutron sources. We describe our measurements, compare them with previous work, and discuss the implications for designing more intense slow neutron sources.

K. B. Grammer; R. Alarcon; L. Barrón-Palos; D. Blyth; J. D. Bowman; J. Calarco; C. Crawford; K. Craycraft; D. Evans; N. Fomin; J. Fry; M. Gericke; R. C. Gillis; G. L. Greene; J. Hamblen; C. Hayes; S. Kucuker; R. Mahurin; M. Maldonado-Velázquez; E. Martin; M. McCrea; P. E. Mueller; M. Musgrave; H. Nann; S. I. Penttilä; W. M. Snow; Z. Tang; W. S. Wilburn

2014-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

220

Page 1 of 3 Cross-Sectional Exposure Assessment of Environmental Contaminants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

percentile levels from the Second National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals (NationalPage 1 of 3 Cross-Sectional Exposure Assessment of Environmental Contaminants in Churchill County, Nevada -Final Report- February 6, 2003 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical sonic cross-section" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Measurement of the elastic, total and diffraction cross sections at tevatron energies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The CDF collaboration has measured the differential elastic cross section d{sigma}{sub el}/dt, the single diffraction dissociation double differential cross section d{sup 2}{sigma}{sub sd}/dM{sup 2}dt and the total inelastic cross section for antiproton-proton collisions at center of mass energies {radical}s = 546 and 1,800 GeV. Data for this measurement have been collected in short dedicated runs during the 1988--1989 data taking period of CDF. The elastic scattering slope is 15.28 {+-} 0.58 (16.98 {+-} 0.25) GeV{sup {minus}2} at {radical}s = 546 (1,800) GeV. Using the luminosity independent method (1 + {rho}{sup 2}){sigma}{sub T} is measured to be 62.64 {+-} 0.95 (81.83 {+-} 2.29) mb at {radical}s = 546 (1,800) GeV. Assuming {rho} = 0.15 the elastic, total and single diffraction cross sections are {sigma}{sub el} = 12.87 {+-} 0.30, {sigma}{sub T} = 61.26 {+-} 0.93 and {sigma}{sub sd} = 7.89 {+-} 0.33 mb ({sigma}{sub el} = 19.70 {+-} 0.85, {sigma}{sub T} = 80.03 {+-} 2.24 and {sigma}{sub sd} = 9.46 {+-} 0.44 mb) at {radical}s = 546 (1,800) GeV.

Belforte, S. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Pisa (Italy); CDF Collaboration

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Measurement of the elastic, total and single diffraction cross sections at Tevatron energies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

CDF collaboration has measured the differential elastic cross section d{sigma}{sub el}/dt, the single diffraction dissociation double differential cross section d{sup 2}{sigma}{sub sd}/dM{sup 2}dt and the total inelastic cross section in antiproton-proton collisions at center of mass energies {radical}s=546 and 1800 GeV. The elastic scattering slope is 15.28{plus_minus}0.58 (16.98{plus_minus}0.25) GeV{sup {minus}2} at {radical}s = 546 (1800) GeV. Using the luminosity independent method, (1 + {rho}{sup 2}){sigma}{sub T} is measured to be 62.64{plus_minus}0.95 (81.83{plus_minus}2.29) mb at {radical}s = 546 (1800) GeV. Assuming {rho} = 0.15, the elastic, total and signal diffraction cross sections are {sigma}{sub el} = 12.87{plus_minus}0.30, {sigma}{sub T} = 61.26{plus_minus}0.93 and {sigma}{sub sd} = 7.89{plus_minus}0.33 mb ({sigma}{sub el} = 19.70{plus_minus}0.85, {sigma}{sub T} = 80.03{plus_minus}2.24 and {sigma}{sub sd} = 9.46{plus_minus}0.44 mb) at 546 (1800) GeV.

Belforte, S. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Pisa (Italy); CDF Collaboration

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Neutrino and antineutrino inclusive charged-current cross section measurement with the MINOS near detector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This thesis presents the measurement of energy dependence of the neutrino-nucleon inclusive charged current cross section on an isoscalar target in the range 3-50 GeV for neutrinos and 5-50 GeV energy range for antineutrinos. The data set was collected with the MINOS Near Detector using the wide band NuMI beam at Fermilab. The size of the charged current sample is 1.94 x 10{sup 6} neutrino events and 1.60 x 10{sup 5} antineutrino events. The flux has been extracted using a low hadronic energy sub-sample of the charged current events. The energy dependence of the cross section is obtained by dividing the charged current sample with the extracted flux. The neutrino and antineutrino cross section exhibits a linear dependence on energy at high energy but shows deviations from linear behavior at low energy. We also present a measurement of the ratio of antineutrino to neutrino inclusive cross section.

Bhattacharya, Debdatta; /Pittsburgh U.

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Total cross section of neutron-proton scattering at low energies in quark-gluon model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that analysis of nonrelativistic neutron-proton scattering in a framework of relativistic QCD based quark model can give important information about QCD vacuum structure. In this model we describe total cross section of neutron-proton scattering at kinetic energies of projectile neutron from 1 eV up to 1 MeV.

V. A. Abramovsky; N. V. Radchenko

2011-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

225

Charm cross-section and charmonium(like) states in e+e- annihilation with Belle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report BELLE measurements of the exclusive cross sections for the processes e+e-->DD*, e+e-->DD, e+e-->DDpi, the first observation of psi(4415)-> DD*2(2460)bar decay and new state, Y(4660), using ISR. In addition, another cluster of events at around 4.05GeV/c2 is reported.

T. Uglov

2009-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

226

Measurement of the Cross Section Times Branching Ratio of Light Higgs Decays at CLIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Higgs boson production cross section at a 3 TeV CLIC machine allows for a precision measurement the coil and consist of a 30 layer tungsten- silicon electromagnetic calorimeter with 3.5×3.5 mm2 segmentation, followed by a tungsten- scintillator hadronic calorimeter with 75 layers in the barrel region

227

Gallium solar neutrino experiments: Absorption cross sections, neutrino spectra, and predicted event rates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solar neutrino sources with standard energy spectra, and for laboratory sources of 51 Cr and 37 Ar; the calculations include, where appropriate, the thermal energy of fusing solar ions and use improved nuclear the energy spectrum of solar neutrinos. Theoretical uncertainties are estimated for cross sections

Bahcall, John

228

Measurement of muon neutrino and antineutrino induced single neutral pion production cross sections  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Elucidating the nature of neutrino oscillation continues to be a goal in the vanguard of the efforts of physics experiment. As neutrino oscillation searches seek an increasingly elusive signal, a thorough understanding of the possible backgrounds becomes ever more important. Measurements of neutrino-nucleus interaction cross sections are key to this understanding. Searches for {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub e} oscillation - a channel that may yield insight into the vanishingly small mixing parameter {theta}{sub 13}, CP violation, and the neutrino mass hierarchy - are particularly susceptible to contamination from neutral current single {pi}{sup 0} (NC 1{pi}{sup 0}) production. Unfortunately, the available data concerning NC 1{pi}{sup 0} production are limited in scope and statistics. Without satisfactory constraints, theoretical models of NC 1{pi}{sup 0} production yield substantially differing predictions in the critical E{sub {nu}} {approx} 1 GeV regime. Additional investigation of this interaction can ameliorate the current deficiencies. The Mini Booster Neutrino Experiment (MiniBooNE) is a short-baseline neutrino oscillation search operating at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab). While the oscillation search is the principal charge of the MiniBooNE collaboration, the extensive data ({approx} 10{sup 6} neutrino events) offer a rich resource with which to conduct neutrino cross section measurements. This work concerns the measurement of both neutrino and antineutrino NC 1{pi}{sup 0} production cross sections at MiniBooNE. The size of the event samples used in the analysis exceeds that of all other similar experiments combined by an order of magnitude. We present the first measurements of the absolute NC 1{pi}{sup 0} cross section as well as the first differential cross sections in both neutrino and antineutrino mode. Specifically, we measure single differential cross sections with respect to pion momentum and pion angle. We find the flux-averaged, total cross sections for NC 1{pi}{sup 0} production on CH{sub 2} to be (4.76 {+-} 0.05{sub stat} {+-} 0.76{sub sys}) x 10{sup -40} cm{sup 2}/nucleon at = 808 MeV for neutrino induced production and (1.48 {+-} 0.05{sub stat} {+-} 0.23{sub sys}) x 10{sup -40} cm{sup 2}/nucleon at = 664 MeV for antineutrino induced production.

Anderson, Colin; /Yale U.; ,

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Solid oxide fuel cell with transitioned cross-section for improved anode gas management at the open end  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A solid oxide fuel cell (400) is made having a tubular, elongated, hollow, active section (445) which has a cross-section containing an air electrode (452) a fuel electrode (454) and solid oxide electrolyte (456) between them, where the fuel cell transitions into at least one inactive section (460) with a flattened parallel sided cross-section (462, 468) each cross-section having channels (472, 474, 476) in them which smoothly communicate with each other at an interface section (458).

Zafred, Paolo R. (Murrysville, PA); Draper, Robert (Pittsburgh, PA)

2012-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

230

Cost effectiveness of sonic drilling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sonic drilling (combination of mechanical vibrations and rotary power) is an innovative environmental technology being developed in cooperation with DOE`s Arid-Site Volatile Organic Compounds Integrated Demonstration at Hanford and the Mixed Waste Landfill Integrated Demonstration at Sandia. This report studies the cost effectiveness of sonic drilling compared with cable-tool and mud rotary drilling. Benefit of sonic drilling is its ability to drill in all types of formations without introducing a circulating medium, thus producing little secondary waste at hazardous sites. Progress has been made in addressing the early problems of failures and downtime.

Masten, D.; Booth, S.R.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Validation of the WIMSD4M cross-section generation code with benchmark results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The WIMSD4 code has been adopted for cross-section generation in support of the Reduced Enrichment Research and Test Reactor (RERTR) program at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). Subsequently, the code has undergone several updates, and significant improvements have been achieved. The capability of generating group-collapsed micro- or macroscopic cross sections from the ENDF/B-V library and the more recent evaluation, ENDF/B-VI, in the ISOTXS format makes the modified version of the WIMSD4 code, WIMSD4M, very attractive, not only for the RERTR program, but also for the reactor physics community. The intent of the present paper is to validate the WIMSD4M cross-section libraries for reactor modeling of fresh water moderated cores. The results of calculations performed with multigroup cross-section data generated with the WIMSD4M code will be compared against experimental results. These results correspond to calculations carried out with thermal reactor benchmarks of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) unreflected HEU critical spheres, the TRX LEU critical experiments, and calculations of a modified Los Alamos HEU D{sub 2}O moderated benchmark critical system. The benchmark calculations were performed with the discrete-ordinates transport code, TWODANT, using WIMSD4M cross-section data. Transport calculations using the XSDRNPM module of the SCALE code system are also included. In addition to transport calculations, diffusion calculations with the DIF3D code were also carried out, since the DIF3D code is used in the RERTR program for reactor analysis and design. For completeness, Monte Carlo results of calculations performed with the VIM and MCNP codes are also presented.

Deen, J.R.; Woodruff, W.L. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Leal, L.E. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Validation of the WIMSD4M cross-section generation code with benchmark results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The WIMSD4 code has been adopted for cross-section generation in support of the Reduced Enrichment for Research and Test (RERTR) program at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). Subsequently, the code has undergone several updates, and significant improvements have been achieved. The capability of generating group-collapsed micro- or macroscopic cross sections from the ENDF/B-V library and the more recent evaluation, ENDF/B-VI, in the ISOTXS format makes the modified version of the WIMSD4 code, WIMSD4M, very attractive, not only for the RERTR program, but also for the reactor physics community. The intent of the present paper is to validate the procedure to generate cross-section libraries for reactor analyses and calculations utilizing the WIMSD4M code. To do so, the results of calculations performed with group cross-section data generated with the WIMSD4M code will be compared against experimental results. These results correspond to calculations carried out with thermal reactor benchmarks of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory(ORNL) unreflected critical spheres, the TRX critical experiments, and calculations of a modified Los Alamos highly-enriched heavy-water moderated benchmark critical system. The benchmark calculations were performed with the discrete-ordinates transport code, TWODANT, using WIMSD4M cross-section data. Transport calculations using the XSDRNPM module of the SCALE code system are also included. In addition to transport calculations, diffusion calculations with the DIF3D code were also carried out, since the DIF3D code is used in the RERTR program for reactor analysis and design. For completeness, Monte Carlo results of calculations performed with the VIM and MCNP codes are also presented.

Leal, L.C. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Deen, J.R.; Woodruff, W.L. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Experimental cross sections for L-shell x-ray production and ionization by protons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tables of compiled cross sections list data for production of individual line and total L x-rays as well as for ionization of L subshells and the total L shell. The present cumulative compilation covers some six decades of measurements on targets from {sub 10}Ne to {sub 95}Am bombarded by protons ranging from 10 keV to 1 GeV. It includes data published in the period 1954–1992 from tables published in this journal, cross sections that were not reported in those tables, and new data from works published after 1992. Existing empirical, semiempirical, and theoretical analyses based on, and relative to, the pre-1993 database are reviewed. The experimental details are summarized for pre-1993 articles that were not referenced in previous compilations and, continuing the practice of these compilations, for each new publication. Covering the period 1954–December 2012, the present tabulation collects (not counting 2519 new data for L{sub ?1,3,4}, L{sub ?2,15},L{sub ?1}, L{sub ?2,3}, and L{sub ?4,4{sup ?}} x ray production) circa 15 500 experimental cross sections and enlarges the database from the previously published tables by 94%. -- Highlights: •An updated database is presented, increasing by 94% the earlier pre-1993 database. •The update has 40% more data from the pre-1993 period, absent in prior compilations. •The growth and possible saturation in the number of data is illustrated. •Ionization cross sections are reconverted to x-ray production cross sections. •Elements and ion energies are identified where measurements are still necessary.

Miranda, Javier, E-mail: miranda@fisica.unam.mx [Instituto de Física, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, A.P. 20-364, México, D.F. 01000 (Mexico); Lapicki, Gregory [Department of Physics, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27858 (United States)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

234

CMB Constraints On The Thermal WIMP Mass And Annihilation Cross Section  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A thermal relic, often referred to as a weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP), is a particle produced during the early evolution of the Universe whose present (relic) abundance depends only on its mass and its thermally averaged annihilation cross section (annihilation rate factor) sigma*v_ann. Late time WIMP annihilation has the potential to affect the cosmic microwave background (CMB) power spectrum. Current observational constraints on the absence of such effects provide bounds on the mass and the annihilation cross section of relic particles that may, but need not be dark matter candidates. For a WIMP that is a dark matter candidate, the CMB constraint sets an upper bound to the annihilation cross section, leading to a lower bound to its mass that depends on whether or not the WIMP is its own antiparticle. For a self-conjugate WIMP, m_min = 50f GeV, where f is an electromagnetic energy efficiency factor. For a non self-conjugate WIMP, the minimum mass is a factor of two larger. For a WIMP that is a subdominant component of the dark matter density there is no bound on its mass and the upper bound to its annihilation cross section imposed by the CMB transforms into a lower bound to its annihilation cross section. These results are outlined and quantified here using the latest CMB constraints for a stable, symmetric (equal number of particles and antiparticles), WIMP whose annihilation is s-wave dominated, and for particles that are, or are not, their own antiparticle.

Gary Steigman

2015-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

235

Cross sections for neutron-deuteron elastic scattering in the energy range 135-250 MeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report new measurements of the neutron-deuteron elastic scattering cross section at energies from 135 to 250 MeV and center-of-mass angles from $80^\\circ$ to $130^\\circ$. Cross sections for neutron-proton elastic scattering were also measured with the same experimental setup for normalization purposes. Our $nd$ cross section results are compared with predictions based on Faddeev calculations including three-nucleon forces, and with cross sections measured with charged particle and neutron beams at comparable energies.

E. Ertan; T. Akdogan; M. B. Chtangeev; W. A. Franklin; P. A. M. Gram; M. A. Kovash; J. L. Matthews; M. Yuly

2012-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

236

Painting in a sonic environment   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The thesis explores how painting is affected by its sonic environment. The research stems from an artistic response to noise in the environment and how this can be explored through artistic practice. The boundaries of ...

Greated, Marianne

2014-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

237

Existence and Born-Oppenheimer Asymptotics of the Total Scattering Cross-Section in Ion-Atom Collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Existence and Born-Oppenheimer Asymptotics of the Total Scattering Cross-Section in Ion then extract the leading term of the scattering cross-section in the Born-Oppenheimer limit. I Introduction-atom collision and suggested to use Born-Oppenheimer approximation to study the problem. Recall that it is well

Wang, Xue Ping

238

Cross sections for neutron-deuteron elastic scattering in the energy range 135–250 MeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report new measurements of the neutron-deuteron elastic scattering cross section at energies from 135 to 250 MeV and center-of-mass angles from 80[degrees] to 130[degrees]. Cross sections for neutron-proton elastic ...

Ertan, E.

239

Spin-dependent part of $\\bar{p}d$ interaction cross section and Nijmegen potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low energy $\\bar{p}d$ interaction is considered taking into account the polarization of both particles. The corresponding cross sections are obtained using the Nijmegen nucleon-antinucleon optical potential with shadowing effects taken into account. Double-scattering effects are calculated within the Glauber approach and found to be about 10-20%. The cross sections are applied to the analysis of the polarization buildup which is due to the interaction of stored antiprotons with a polarized target. It is shown that, at realistic parameters of a storage ring and a target, the filtering mechanism may provide a noticeable polarization in a time comparable with the beam lifetime. The energy dependence of the polarization rate for deuterium target is similar to that for hydrogen one. However, the time of polarization for deuterium is much smaller than that for hydrogen.

S. G. Salnikov

2011-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

240

Proton-air cross section measurement with the ARGO-YBJ cosmic ray experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The proton-air cross section in the energy range 1-100 TeV has been measured by the ARGO-YBJ cosmic ray experiment. The analysis is based on the flux attenuation for different atmospheric depths (i.e. zenith angles) and exploits the detector capabilities of selecting the shower development stage by means of hit multiplicity, density and lateral profile measurements at ground. The effects of shower fluctuations, the contribution of heavier primaries and the uncertainties of the hadronic interaction models, have been taken into account. The results have been used to estimate the total proton-proton cross section at center of mass energies between 70 and 500 GeV, where no accelerator data are currently available.

The ARGO-YBJ Collaboration

2009-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical sonic cross-section" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

On the lepton-nucleon neutral and charged current deep inelastic scattering cross sections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on the requirement in the simulation of lepton-nucleus deep inelastic scattering (DIS), we construct a fortran program LDCS 1.0 calculating the differential and total cross sections for the unpolarized charged lepton-unpolarized nucleon and neutrino-unpolarized nucleon neutral current (charged current) DIS at leading order. Any set of the experimentally fitted parton distribution functions could be employed directly. The mass of incident and scattered leptons is taken into account and the boundary conditions calculating the single differential and total cross section are studied. The calculated results well agree with the corresponding experimental data which indicating the LDCS 1.0 program is good. It is also turned out that the effect of tauon mass is not negligible in the GeV energy level.

Xing-Long Li; Yu-Liang Yan; Xiao-Mei Li; Dai-Mei Zhou; Xu Cai; Ben-Hao Sa

2014-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

242

Measurement of the Hadronic Cross-Section for the Scattering of Two Virtual Photons at LEP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The interaction of virtual photons is investigated using the reaction e+e- -> e+e- hadrons based on data taken by the OPAL experiment at e+e- centre-of-mass energies sqrt(s_ee)=189-209 GeV, for W>5 GeV and at an average Q^2 of 17.9 GeV^2. The measured cross-sections are compared to predictions of the Quark Parton Model (QPM), to the Leading Order QCD Monte Carlo model PHOJET to the NLO prediction for the reaction e+e- -> e+e-qqbar, and to BFKL calculations. PHOJET, NLO e+e- -> e+e-qqbar, and QPM describe the data reasonably well, whereas the cross-section predicted by a Leading Order BFKL calculation is too large.

Abbiendi, G; Ĺkesson, P F; Alexander, Gideon; Allison, J; Anagnostou, G; Anderson, K J; Arcelli, S; Asai, S; Axen, D A; Azuelos, Georges; Bailey, I; Barberio, E; Barlow, R J; Batley, J Richard; Behnke, T; Bell, K W; Bell, P J; Bella, G; Bellerive, A; Bethke, Siegfried; Biebel, O; Bloodworth, Ian J; Boeriu, O; Bock, P; Böhme, J; Bonacorsi, D; Boutemeur, M; Braibant, S; Brigliadori, L; Brown, R M; Burckhart, H J; Cammin, J; Carnegie, R K; Caron, B; Carter, A A; Carter, J R; Chang, C Y; Charlton, D G; Clarke, P E L; Clay, E; Cohen, I; Couchman, J; Csilling, Akos; Cuffiani, M; Dado, S; Dallavalle, G M; Dallison, S; de Roeck, A; De Wolf, E A; Dervan, P J; Desch, Klaus; Dienes, B; Dixit, M S; Donkers, M; Dubbert, J; Duchovni, E; Duckeck, G; Duerdoth, I P; Etzion, E; Fabbri, Franco Luigi; Feld, L; Ferrari, P; Fiedler, F; Fleck, I; Ford, M; Frey, A; Fürtjes, A; Futyan, D I; Gagnon, P; Gary, J W; Gaycken, G; Geich-Gimbel, C; Giacomelli, G; Giacomelli, P; Glenzinski, D A; Goldberg, J; Graham, K; Gross, E; Grunhaus, Jacob; Gruwé, M; Günther, P O; Sen-Gupta, A; Hajdu, C; Hamann, M; Hanson, G G; Harder, K; Harel, A; Harin-Dirac, M; Hauschild, M; Hauschildt, J; Hawkes, C M; Hawkings, R; Hemingway, Richard J; Hensel, C; Herten, G; Heuer, R D; Hill, J C; Hoffman, K; Homer, R James; Horváth, D; Hossain, K R; Howard, R; Hüntemeyer, P; Igo-Kemenes, P; Ishii, K; Jawahery, A; Jeremie, H; Jones, C R; Jovanovic, P; Junk, T R; Kanaya, N; Kanzaki, J; Karapetian, G V; Karlen, D A; Kartvelishvili, V G; Kawagoe, K; Kawamoto, T; Keeler, Richard K; Kellogg, R G; Kennedy, B W; Kim, D H; Klein, K; Klier, A; Kluth, S; Kobayashi, T; Kobel, M; Kokott, T P; Komamiya, S; Kowalewski, R V; Kramer, T; Kress, T; Krieger, P; Von Krogh, J; Krop, D; Kühl, T; Kupper, M; Kyberd, P; Lafferty, G D; Landsman, Hagar Yaël; Lanske, D; Lawson, I; Layter, J G; Leins, A; Lellouch, Daniel; Letts, J; Levinson, L; Lillich, J; Littlewood, C; Lloyd, S L; Loebinger, F K; Long, G D; Losty, Michael J; Lü, J; Ludwig, J; Macchiolo, A; MacPherson, A L; Mader, W; Marcellini, S; Marchant, T E; Martin, A J; Martin, J P; Martínez, G; Masetti, G; Mashimo, T; Mättig, P; McDonald, W J; McKenna, J A; McMahon, T J; McPherson, R A; Meijers, F; Méndez-Lorenzo, P; Menges, W; Merritt, F S; Mes, H; Michelini, Aldo; Mihara, S; Mikenberg, G; Miller, D J; Moed, S; Mohr, W; Mori, T; Mutter, A; Nagai, K; Nakamura, I; Neal, H A; Nisius, R; O'Neale, S W; Oh, A; Okpara, A N; Oreglia, M J; Orito, S; Pahl, C; Pásztor, G; Pater, J R; Patrick, G N; Pilcher, J E; Pinfold, James L; Plane, D E; Poli, B; Polok, J; Pooth, O; Przybycien, M B; Quadt, A; Rabbertz, K; Rembser, C; Renkel, P; Rick, Hartmut; Rodning, N L; Roney, J M; Rosati, S; Roscoe, K; Rozen, Y; Runge, K; Rust, D R; Sachs, K; Saeki, T; Sahr, O; Sarkisyan-Grinbaum, E; Sbarra, C; Schaile, A D; Schaile, O; Scharff-Hansen, P; Schröder, M; Schumacher, M; Schwick, C; Scott, W G; Seuster, R; Shears, T G; Shen, B C; Shepherd-Themistocleous, C H; Sherwood, P; Skuja, A; Smith, A M; Snow, G A; Sobie, Randall J; Söldner-Rembold, S; Spagnolo, S; Spanó, F; Sproston, M; Stahl, A; Stephens, K; Strom, D; Ströhmer, R; Stumpf, L; Surrow, B; Tarem, S; Tasevsky, M; Taylor, R J; Teuscher, R; Thomas, J; Thomson, M A; Torrence, E; Toya, D; Trefzger, T M; Tricoli, A; Trigger, I; Trócsányi, Z L; Tsur, E; Turner-Watson, M F; Ueda, I; Ujvári, B; Vachon, B; Vollmer, C F; Vannerem, P; Verzocchi, M; Voss, H; Vossebeld, Joost Herman; Waller, D; Ward, C P; Ward, D R; Watkins, P M; Watson, A T; Watson, N K; Wells, P S; Wengler, T; Wermes, N; Wetterling, D; Wilson, G W; Wilson, J A; Wyatt, T R; Yamashita, S; Zacek, V; Zer-Zion, D; 10.1007/s100520200940

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Calculating differential cross sections for electron-impact ionization without explicit use of the asymptotic form  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe the calculation of singly differential (energy-sharing) cross sections for electron-impact ionization. First, using exterior complex scaling, we calculate the outgoing portion of the scattering wave function without explicit use of asymptotic boundary conditions. Once that wave function is known for a finite region of space, the outgoing flux can be calculated and extrapolated to large distances according to behavior that is specific to the ionization problem. The differential cross section is proportional to the outgoing flux in specific directions of a hyperspherical angle in the coordinates. Calculations on the singlet s-wave radial limit (Temkin-Poet and collinear) models of electron-hydrogen atom ionization are presented. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

McCurdy, C.W. [Computing Sciences, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] [Computing Sciences, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Rescigno, T.N. [Physics and Space Technology Directorate, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)] [Physics and Space Technology Directorate, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Recent validation experience with multigroup cross-section libraries and scale  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper will discuss the results obtained and lessons learned from an extensive validation of new ENDF/B-V and ENDF/B-VI multigroup cross-section libraries using analyses of critical experiments. The KENO V. a Monte Carlo code in version 4.3 of the SCALE computer code system was used to perform the critical benchmark calculations via the automated SCALE sequence CSAS25. The cross-section data were processed by the SCALE automated problem-dependent resonance-processing procedure included in this sequence. Prior to calling KENO V.a, CSAS25 accesses BONAMI to perform resonance self-shielding for nuclides with Bondarenko factors and NITAWL-II to process nuclides with resonance parameter data via the Nordheim Integral Treatment.

Bowman, S.M.; Wright, R.Q.; DeHart, M.D.; Parks, C.V.; Petrie, L.M.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Scaling study of the pion electroproduction cross sections and the pion form factor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The $^{1}$H($e,e^\\prime \\pi^+$)n cross section was measured for a range of four-momentum transfer up to $Q^2$=3.91 GeV$^2$ at values of the invariant mass, $W$, above the resonance region. The $Q^2$-dependence of the longitudinal component is consistent with the $Q^2$-scaling prediction for hard exclusive processes. This suggests that perturbative QCD concepts are applicable at rather low values of $Q^2$. Pion form factor results, while consistent with the $Q^2$-scaling prediction, are inconsistent in magnitude with perturbative QCD calculations. The extraction of Generalized Parton Distributions from hard exclusive processes assumes the dominance of the longitudinal term. However, transverse contributions to the cross section are still significant at $Q^2$=3.91 GeV$^2$.

Tanja Horn; Xin Qian; John Arrington; Razmik Asaturyan; Fatiha Benmokthar; Werner Boeglin; Peter Bosted; Antje Bruell; Eric Christy; Eugene Chudakov; Ben Clasie; Mark Dalton; AJI Daniel; Donal Day; Dipangkar Dutta; Lamiaa El Fassi; Rolf Ent; Howard Fenker; J. Ferrer; Nadia Fomin; H. Gao; K Garrow; Dave Gaskell; C Gray; G. Huber; M. Jones; N Kalantarians; C. Keppel; K Kramer; Y Li; Y Liang; A. Lung; S Malace; P. Markowitz; A. Matsumura; D. Meekins; T Mertens; T Miyoshi; H. Mykrtchyan; R. Monson; T. Navasardyan; G. Niculescu; I. Niculescu; Y. Okayasu; A. Opper; C Perdrisat; V. Punjabi; A. Rauf; V. Rodriguez; D. Rohe; J Seely; E Segbefia; G. Smith; M. Sumihama; V. Tadevoyan; L Tang; V. Tvaskis; A. Villano; W. Vulcan; F. Wesselmann; S. Wood; L. Yuan; X. Zheng

2007-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

246

Measurement of the t tbar cross section at the Run II Tevatron using Support Vector Machines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This dissertation measures the t{bar t} production cross section at the Run II CDF detector using data from early 2001 through March 2007. The Tevatron at Fermilab is a p{bar p} collider with center of mass energy {radical}s = 1.96 TeV. This data composes a sample with a time-integrated luminosity measured at 2.2 {+-} 0.1 fb{sup -1}. A system of learning machines is developed to recognize t{bar t} events in the 'lepton plus jets' decay channel. Support Vector Machines are described, and their ability to cope with a multi-class discrimination problem is provided. The t{bar t} production cross section is then measured in this framework, and found to be {sigma}{sub t{bar t}} = 7.14 {+-} 0.25 (stat){sub -0.86}{sup +0.61}(sys) pb.

Whitehouse, Benjamin Eric; /Tufts U.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Evaluation of Tungsten Neutron Cross Sections in the Resolved Resonance Regions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We generated a preliminary set of resonance parameters for 182-184,186W in the neutron energy range of thermal up to several keV. The evaluation methodology uses the Reich-Moore approximation to t, with the R-matrix code SAMMY, the high-resolution measurements performed in 2010 and 2012 at the GEel LINear Accelerator (GELINA) facility. Particularly for 183W, the transmission data and the capture cross sections calculated with the set of resonance parameters are compared with the experimental values, and some of the average properties of the resonance parameters are discussed. In the analyzed energy range, this work almost doubles the existing resolved resonance evaluations in the ENDF/B-VII.1 library. The analysis of the performance of the calculated cross sections based on criticality benchmarks is still in progress and it is only briefly discussed.

Pigni, Marco T [ORNL] [ORNL; Leal, Luiz C [ORNL] [ORNL; Dunn, Michael E [ORNL] [ORNL; Guber, Klaus H [ORNL] [ORNL; Emiliani, F. [EC-JRC-IRMM, Geel, Belgium] [EC-JRC-IRMM, Geel, Belgium; Kopecky, S. [EC-JRC-IRMM, Geel, Belgium] [EC-JRC-IRMM, Geel, Belgium; Lampoudis, C. [Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM), Geel, Belgium] [Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM), Geel, Belgium; Schillebeeckx, P. [EC-JRC-IRMM, Geel, Belgium] [EC-JRC-IRMM, Geel, Belgium; Siegler, P. [EC-JRC-IRMM, Geel, Belgium] [EC-JRC-IRMM, Geel, Belgium

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Inclusive D* Meson Cross Sections and D* Jet Correlations in Photoproduction at HERA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Differential photoproduction cross sections are measured for events containing D* mesons. The data were taken with the H1 detector at the ep collider HERA and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 51.1 pb-1. The kinematic region covers small photon virtualities Q^2 < 0.01 GeV^2 and photon-proton centre-of-mass energies of 171 < W_gammap < 256 GeV. The details of the heavy quark production process are further investigated in events with one or two jets in addition to the D* meson. Differential cross sections for D* jet production are determined and the correlations between the D* meson and the jet(s) are studied. The results are compared with perturbative QCD predictions applying collinear- or kt -factorisation.

Aktas, A; Anthonis, T; Antunovic, B; Aplin, S; Asmone, A; Astvatsatourov, A; Babaev, A; Backovic, S; Baghdasaryan, A; Baranov, P; Barrelet, E; Bartel, Wulfrin; Baudrand, S; Baumgartner, S; Beckingham, M; Behnke, O; Behrendt, O; Belousov, A; Berger, N; Bizot, J C; Boenig, M O; Boudry, V; Bracinik, J; Brandt, G; Brisson, V; Bruncko, D; Büsser, F W; Bunyatyan, A; Buschhorn, G; Bystritskaya, L; Campbell, A J; Caron, S; Cassol-Brunner, F; Cerny, K; Cerny, V; Chekelian, V; Contreras, J G; Coughlan, J A; Cox, B E; Cozzika, G; Cvach, J; Dainton, J B; Dau, W D; Daum, K; De Boer, Y; Delcourt, B; Del Degan, M; de Roeck, A; De Wolf, E A; Diaconu, C; Dodonov, V; Dubak, A; Eckerlin, G; Efremenko, V; Egli, S; Eichler, R; Eisele, F; Eliseev, A; Elsen, E; Essenov, S; Falkewicz, A; Faulkner, P J W; Favart, L; Fedotov, A; Felst, R; Feltesse, J; Ferencei, J; Finke, L; Fleischer, M; Flucke, G; Fomenko, A; Franke, G; Frisson, T; Gabathuler, E; Garutti, E; Gayler, J; Gerlich, C; Ghazaryan, S; Ginzburgskaya, S; Glazov, A; Glushkov, I; Görlich, L; Goettlich, M; Gogitidze, N; Gorbounov, S; Grab, C; Greenshaw, T; Gregori, M; Grell, B R; Grindhammer, G; Gwilliam, C; Habib, S; Haidt, D; Hansson, M; Heinzelmann, G; Henderson, R C W; Henschel, H; Herrera-Corral, G; Hildebrandt, M; Hiller, K H; Hoffmann, D; Horisberger, R P; Hovhannisyan, A; Hreus, T; Hussain, S; Ibbotson, M; Ismail, M; Jacquet, M; Janssen, X; Jemanov, V; Jönsson, L B; Johnson, D P; Jung, A W; Jung, H; Kapichine, M; Katzy, J; Kenyon, I R; Kiesling, C; Klein, M; Kleinwort, C; Klimkovich, T; Kluge, T; Knies, G; Knutsson, A; Korbel, V; Kostka, P; Krastev, K; Kretzschmar, J; Kropivnitskaya, A; Krüger, K; Landon, M P J; Lange, W; Lastoviicka-Medin, G; Laycock, P; Lebedev, A; Leibenguth, G; Lendermann, V; Levonian, S; Lindfeld, L; Lipka, K; Liptaj, A; List, B; List, J; Lobodzinska, E; Loktionova, N; López-Fernandez, R; Lubimov, V; Lucaci-Timoce, A I; Lüders, H; Lux, T; Lytkin, L; Makankine, A; Malden, N; Malinovskii, E I; Marage, P; Marshall, R; Marti, L; Martisikova, M; Martyn, H U; Maxfield, S J; Mehta, A; Meier, K; Meyer, A B; Meyer, H; Meyer, J; Michels, V; Mikocki, S; Milcewicz-Mika, I; Milstead, D; Mladenov, D; Mohamed, A; Moreau, F; Morozov, A; Morris, J V; Mozer, M U; Müller, K; Murn, P; Nankov, K; Naroska, B; Naumann, T; Newman, P R; Niebuhr, C; Nikiforov, A; Nowak, G; Nowak, K; Nozicka, M; Oganezov, R; Olivier, B; Olsson, J E; Osman, S; Ozerov, D; Palichik, V; Panagoulias, I; Papadopoulou, T D; Pascaud, C; Patel, G D; Peng, H; Pérez, E; Perez-Astudillo, D; Perieanu, A; Petrukhin, A; Pitzl, D; Placakyte, R; Portheault, B; Povh, B; Prideaux, P; Rahmat, A J; Raicevic, N; Reimer, P; Rimmer, A; Risler, C; Rizvi, E; Robmann, P; Roland, B; Roosen, R; Rostovtsev, A; Rurikova, Z; Rusakov, S; Salvaire, F; Sankey, D P C; Sauter, M; Sauvan, E; Schmidt, S; Schmitt, S; Schmitz, C; Schoeffel, L; Schöning, A; Schultz-Coulon, H C; Sefkow, F; Shaw-West, R N; Shevyakov, I; Shtarkov, L N; Sloan, T; Smirnov, P; Soloviev, Yu; South, D; Spaskov, V; Specka, A; Steder, M; Stella, B; Stiewe, J; Stoilov, A; Straumann, U; Sunar, D; Tchoulakov, V; Thompson, G; Thompson, P D; Toll, T; Tomasz, F; Traynor, D; Trinh, T N; Truöl, P; Tsakov, I; Tsipolitis, G; Tsurin, I; Turnau, J; Tzamariudaki, E; Urban, K; Urban, M; Usik, A; Utkin, D; Valkárová, A; Vallée, C; Van Mechelen, P; Vargas, A; Trevino; Vazdik, Ya A; Veelken, C; Vinokurova, S; Volchinski, V; Wacker, K; Weber, G; Weber, R; Wegener, D; Werner, C; Wessels, M; Wessling, B; Wissing, C; Wolf, R; Wünsch, E; Xella, S M; Yan, W; Yeganov, V; Zaicek, J; Zaleisak, J; Zhang, Z; Zhelezov, A; Zhokin, A; Zhu, Y C; Zimmermann, J; Zimmermann, T; Zohrabyan, H; Zomer, F

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Absorption cross section in the topologically massive gravity at the critical point  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The absorption cross section for the the warped AdS$_3$ black hole background shows that it is larger than the area even if the s-wave limit is considered. It raises some question whether the deviation from the areal cross section is due to the warped configuration of the geometry or the rotating coordinate system, where these two effects are mixed up in the warped AdS$_3$ black hole. So, we study the low-frequency scattering dynamics of propagating scalar fields under the warped AdS$_3$ background at the critical point which reduces to the BTZ black hole in the rotating frame without the warped factor, which shows that the deformation effect at the critical point does not appear.

John J. Oh; Wontae Kim

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Absorption cross section in warped AdS_3 black hole revisited  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the absorption cross section for minimal-coupled scalars in the warped AdS_3 black hole. According to our calculation, the cross section reduces to the horizon area in the low energy limit as usually expected in contrast to what was previously found. We also calculate the greybody factor and find that the effective temperatures for the two chiral CFT's are consistent with that derived from the quasinormal modes. Observing the conjectured warped AdS/CFT correspondence, we suspect that a specific sector of the CFT operators with the desired conformal dimension could be responsible for the peculiar thermal behaviour of the warped AdS_3 black hole.

Hsien-Chung Kao; Wen-Yu Wen

2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

251

A Time Projection Chamber for High Accuracy and Precision Fission Cross-Section Measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The fission Time Projection Chamber (fissionTPC) is a compact (15 cm diameter) two-chamber MICROMEGAS TPC designed to make precision cross-section measurements of neutron-induced fission. The actinide targets are placed on the central cathode and irradiated with a neutron beam that passes axially through the TPC inducing fission in the target. The 4p acceptance for fission fragments and complete charged particle track reconstruction are powerful features of the fissionTPC which will be used to measure fission cross-sections and examine the associated systematic errors. This paper provides a detailed description of the design requirements, the design solutions, and the initial performance of the fissionTPC.

T. Hill; K. Jewell; M. Heffner; D. Carter; M. Cunningham; V. Riot; J. Ruz; S. Sangiorgio; B. Seilhan; L. Snyder; D. M. Asner; S. Stave; G. Tatishvili; L. Wood; R. G. Baker; J. L. Klay; R. Kudo; S. Barrett; J. King; M. Leonard; W. Loveland; L. Yao; C. Brune; S. Grimes; N. Kornilov; T. N. Massey; J. Bundgaard; D. L. Duke; U. Greife; U. Hager; E. Burgett; J. Deaven; V. Kleinrath; C. McGrath; B. Wendt; N. Hertel; D. Isenhower; N. Pickle; H. Qu; S. Sharma; R. T. Thornton; D. Tovwell; R. S. Towell; S.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Neutron capture cross section of unstable 63Ni: implications for stellar nucleosynthesis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The $^{63}$Ni($n, \\gamma$) cross section has been measured for the first time at the neutron time-of-flight facility n\\_TOF at CERN from thermal neutron energies up to 200 keV. In total, capture kernels of 12 (new) resonances were determined. Maxwellian Averaged Cross Sections were calculated for thermal energies from kT = 5 keV to 100 keV with uncertainties around 20%. Stellar model calculations for a 25 M$_\\odot$ star show that the new data have a significant effect on the $s$-process production of $^{63}$Cu, $^{64}$Ni, and $^{64}$Zn in massive stars, allowing stronger constraints on the Cu yields from explosive nucleosynthesis in the subsequent supernova.

C. Lederer; C. Massimi; S. Altstadt; J. Andrzejewski; L. Audouin; M. Barbagallo; V. Bécares; F. Bevá; F. Belloni; E. Berthoumieux; J. Billowes; V. Boccone; D. Bosnar; M. Brugger; M. Calviani; F. Calvińo; D. Cano-Ott; C. Carrapiço; F. Cerutti; E. Chiaveri; M. Chin; N. Colonna; G. Cortés; M. A. Cortés-Giraldo; M. Diakaki; C. Domingo-Pardo; I. Duran; R. Dressler; N. Dzysiuk; C. Eleftheriadis; A. Ferrari; K. Fraval; S. Ganesan; A. R. García; G. Giubrone; M. B. Gómez-Hornillos; I. F. Gonçalves; E. González-Romero; E. Griesmayer; C. Guerrero; F. Gunsing; P. Gurusamy; D. G. Jenkins; E. Jericha; Y. Kadi; F. Käppeler; D. Karadimos; N. Kivel; P. Koehler; M. Kokkoris; G. Korschinek; M. Krtika; J. Kroll; C. Langer; H. Leeb; L. S. Leong; R. Losito; A. Manousos; J. Marganiec; T. Martínez; P. F. Mastinu; M. Mastromarco; M. Meaze; E. Mendoza; A. Mengoni; P. M. Milazzo; F. Mingrone; M. Mirea; W. Mondelaers; C. Paradela; A. Pavlik; J. Perkowski; M. Pignatari; A. Plompen; J. Praena; J. M. Quesada; T. Rauscher; R. Reifarth; A. Riego; F. Roman; C. Rubbia; R. Sarmento; P. Schillebeeckx; S. Schmidt; D. Schumann; G. Tagliente; J. L. Tain; D. Tarrío; L. Tassan-Got; A. Tsinganis; S. Valenta; G. Vannini; V. Variale; P. Vaz; A. Ventura; R. Versaci; M. J. Vermeulen; V. Vlachoudis; R. Vlastou; A. Wallner; T. Ware; M. Weigand; C. Weiß; T. J. Wright; P. Zugec

2013-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

253

Elastic scattering and total reaction cross section of {sup 6}He+{sup 120}Sn  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The elastic scattering of {sup 6}He on {sup 120}Sn has been measured at four energies above the Coulomb barrier using the {sup 6}He beam produced at the RIBRAS (Radioactive Ion Beams in Brasil) facility. The elastic angular distributions have been analyzed with the optical model and three- and four-body continuum-discretized coupled-channels calculations. The total reaction cross sections have been derived and compared with other systems of similar masses.

Faria, P. N. de; Lichtenthaeler, R.; Pires, K. C. C.; Lepine-Szily, A.; Guimaraes, V.; Mendes, D. R. Jr.; Barioni, A.; Morcelle, V.; Morais, M. C.; Camargo, O. Jr.; Alcantara Nunez, J. [Instituto de Fisica-Universidade de Sao Paulo, C. P. 66318, 05389-970 Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Moro, A. M. [Departamento de FAMN, Universidad de Sevilla, Apartado 1065, E-41080 Sevilla (Spain); Arazi, A. [Laboratorio Tandar, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, Av. del Libertador 8250, 1429 Buenos Aires (Argentina); Rodriguez-Gallardo, M. [Departamento de FAMN, Universidad de Sevilla, Apartado 1065, E-41080 Sevilla (Spain); Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, CSIC, Serrano 123, E-28006 Madrid (Spain); Assuncao, M. [Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo, Campus Diadema, 09941-510 Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

254

Radar cross section of triangular trihedral reflector with extended bottom plate.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Trihedral corner reflectors are the preferred canonical target for SAR performance evaluation for many radar development programs. The conventional trihedrals have problems with substantially reduced Radar Cross Section (RCS) at low grazing angles, unless they are tilted forward, but in which case other problems arise. Consequently there is a need for better low grazing angle performance for trihedrals. This is facilitated by extending the bottom plate. A relevant analysis of RCS for an infinite ground plate is presented. Practical aspects are also discussed.

Brock, Billy C.; Doerry, Armin Walter

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Cross-sectional Views of 90/90 Pipe Without/With a Weld  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cross-sectional Views of 90/90 Pipe Without/With a Weld Yan 9-20-2012 #12;Outlines · Define the Locations of the Profiles · Pipe without A Weld (#Grid = 0.8�106) ­ Display in Tecplot: Figs.(a) ­ Display in FLUENT: Figs.(b) · Contours of Turbulence Intensity in Tecplot ­ Pipe with A Weld (#Grid = 1

McDonald, Kirk

256

W/Z production cross sections and asymmetries at E(CM) = 2-TeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The most recent results for W and Z boson production cross sections and asymmetries are presented from the CDF and D0 collaborations using Run II data taken at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL) Tevatron. Data set sizes range from 72 pb{sup -1} to 226 pb{sup -1}, and results range from published to preliminary. Results presented agree with the Standard Model and world averages within errors.

Bellavance, Angela M.; /Nebraska U.

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Beauty production cross section measurements at E(cm) = 1.96-TeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The RunII physics program at the Tevatron started in spring 2001 with protons and antiprotons colliding at an energy of {radical}s = 1.96 TeV, and it is carrying on with more than 500 pb{sup -1} of data as collected by both the CDF and D0 experiments. Recent results on beauty production cross section measurements are here reported.

D'Onofrio, Monica; /Geneva U.

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

High resolution measurements of the {sup 241}Am(n,2n) reaction cross section  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Measurements of the {sup 241}Am(n,2n) reaction cross section have been performed at the Joint Research Centre (JRC) Geel in the frame of a collaboration between the European Commission (EC) JRC and French laboratories from CNRS and the Commissariat a L'Energie Atomique (CEA) Cadarache. Raw material coming from the Atalante facility of CEA Marcoule has been transformed by JRC Karlsruhe into suitable {sup 241}AmO{sub 2} samples embedded in Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} matrices specifically designed for these measurements. The irradiations were carried out at the 7-MV Van de Graaff accelerator. The {sup 241}Am(n,2n) reaction cross section was determined relative to the {sup 27}Al(n,alpha){sup 24}Na standard cross section. The measurements were performed in four sessions, using quasi-mono-energetic neutrons with energies ranging from 8 to 21 MeV produced via the {sup 2}H(d,n){sup 3}He and the {sup 3}H(d,n){sup 4}He reactions. The induced activity was measured by standard gamma-ray spectrometry using a high-purity germanium detector. Below 15 MeV, the present results are in agreement with data obtained earlier. Above 15 MeV, these measurements allowed the experimental investigation of the {sup 241}Am(n,2n) reaction cross section for the first time. The present data are in good agreement with predictions obtained with the talys code that uses an optical and fission model developed at CEA.

Sage, C. [Commissariat a L'Energie Atomique Saclay, DSM/IRFU/SPhN, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements, Retieseweg 111, B-2440 Geel (Belgium); Commissariat a L'Energie Atomique Cadarache, DEN/CAD/DER/SPRC/LEPh, F-13108 St Paul-lez-Durance (France); Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien, F-67037 Strasbourg (France); Semkova, V. [European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements, Retieseweg 111, B-2440 Geel (Belgium); Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, BG-1784 Sofia (Bulgaria); Bouland, O. [Commissariat a L'Energie Atomique Cadarache, DEN/CAD/DER/SPRC/LEPh, F-13108 St Paul-lez-Durance (France); Los Alamos National Laboratory, Theoretical Division, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Dessagne, P.; Rudolf, G. [Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien, F-67037 Strasbourg (France); Fernandez, A.; Naestren, C.; Ottmar, H.; Somers, J.; Wastin, F. [European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Transuranium Elements, Postfach 2340, D-76125 Karlsruhe (Germany); Gunsing, F. [Commissariat a L'Energie Atomique Saclay, DSM/IRFU/SPhN, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Noguere, G. [Commissariat a L'Energie Atomique Cadarache, DEN/CAD/DER/SPRC/LEPh, F-13108 St Paul-lez-Durance (France); Plompen, A. J. M. [European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements, Retieseweg 111, B-2440 Geel (Belgium); Romain, P. [Commissariat a L'Energie Atomique, DAM, DIF, F-91297 Arpajon (France)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

259

Positron interactions with water–total elastic, total inelastic, and elastic differential cross section measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Utilising a high-resolution, trap-based positron beam, we have measured both elastic and inelastic scattering of positrons from water vapour. The measurements comprise differential elastic, total elastic, and total inelastic (not including positronium formation) absolute cross sections. The energy range investigated is from 1 eV to 60 eV. Comparison with theory is made with both R-Matrix and distorted wave calculations, and with our own application of the Independent Atom Model for positron interactions.

Tattersall, Wade [Centre for Antimatter-Matter Studies, Research School of Physics and Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia) [Centre for Antimatter-Matter Studies, Research School of Physics and Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia); Centre for Antimatter-Matter Studies, School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, 4810 Queensland (Australia); Chiari, Luca [Centre for Antimatter-Matter Studies, School of Chemical and Physical Sciences, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide 5001, South Australia (Australia)] [Centre for Antimatter-Matter Studies, School of Chemical and Physical Sciences, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide 5001, South Australia (Australia); Machacek, J. R.; Anderson, Emma; Sullivan, James P. [Centre for Antimatter-Matter Studies, Research School of Physics and Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia)] [Centre for Antimatter-Matter Studies, Research School of Physics and Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia); White, Ron D. [Centre for Antimatter-Matter Studies, School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, 4810 Queensland (Australia)] [Centre for Antimatter-Matter Studies, School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, 4810 Queensland (Australia); Brunger, M. J. [Centre for Antimatter-Matter Studies, School of Chemical and Physical Sciences, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide 5001, South Australia (Australia) [Centre for Antimatter-Matter Studies, School of Chemical and Physical Sciences, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide 5001, South Australia (Australia); Institute of Mathematical Sciences, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Buckman, Stephen J. [Centre for Antimatter-Matter Studies, Research School of Physics and Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia) [Centre for Antimatter-Matter Studies, Research School of Physics and Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia); Institute of Mathematical Sciences, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Garcia, Gustavo [Instituto de F?sica Fundamental, Consejo Superior de Investigationes Cient?ficas (CSIC), Serrano 113-bis, E-28006 Madrid (Spain)] [Instituto de F?sica Fundamental, Consejo Superior de Investigationes Cient?ficas (CSIC), Serrano 113-bis, E-28006 Madrid (Spain); Blanco, Francisco [Departamento de F?sica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, E-28040 Madrid (Spain)] [Departamento de F?sica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, E-28040 Madrid (Spain)

2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

260

SOLAR CORONA LOOP STUDIES WITH THE ATMOSPHERIC IMAGING ASSEMBLY. I. CROSS-SECTIONAL TEMPERATURE STRUCTURE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a first systematic study on the cross-sectional temperature structure of coronal loops using the six coronal temperature filters of the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) instrument on the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). We analyze a sample of 100 loop snapshots measured at 10 different locations and 10 different times in active region NOAA 11089 on 2010 July 24, 21:00-22:00 UT. The cross-sectional flux profiles are measured and a cospatial background is subtracted in six filters in a temperature range of T {approx} 0.5-16 MK, and four different parameterizations of differential emission measure (DEM) distributions are fitted. We find that the reconstructed DEMs consist predominantly of narrowband peak temperature components with a thermal width of {sigma}{sub log(T)} {<=} 0.11 {+-} 0.02, close to the temperature resolution limit of the instrument, consistent with earlier triple-filter analysis from the Transition Region and Coronal Explorer by Aschwanden and Nightingale and from EIS/Hinode by Warren et al. or Tripathi et al. We find that 66% of the loops could be fitted with a narrowband single-Gaussian DEM model, and 19% with a DEM consisting of two narrowband Gaussians (which mostly result from pairs of intersecting loops along the same line of sight). The mostly isothermal loop DEMs allow us also to derive an improved empirical response function of the AIA 94 A filter, which needs to be boosted by a factor of q{sub 94} = 6.7 {+-} 1.7 for temperatures at log (T) {approx}< 6.3. The main result of near-isothermal loop cross-sections is not consistent with the predictions of standard nanoflare scenarios, but can be explained by flare-like heating mechanisms that drive chromospheric evaporation and upflows of heated plasma coherently over loop cross-sections of w {approx} 2-4 Mm.

Aschwanden, Markus J.; Boerner, Paul, E-mail: aschwanden@lmsal.com [Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Center, Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory, Org. ADBS, Bldg. 252, 3251 Hanover St., Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States)

2011-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical sonic cross-section" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

A unified Monte Carlo approach to fast neutron cross section data evaluation.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A unified Monte Carlo (UMC) approach to fast neutron cross section data evaluation that incorporates both model-calculated and experimental information is described. The method is based on applications of Bayes Theorem and the Principle of Maximum Entropy as well as on fundamental definitions from probability theory. This report describes the formalism, discusses various practical considerations, and examines a few numerical examples in some detail.

Smith, D.; Nuclear Engineering Division

2008-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

262

Absorption cross section of RN and SdS extremal black hole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The nature of scalar wave functions near the horizon of Reissner Nordstrom (RN) extremal and Schwarzschild-de Sitter (SdS) extremal black holes are found using WKB approximation and the effect of reflection of waves from the horizon. The absorption cross section $\\sigma_{abs}$ when RN extremal and SdS extremal black holes placed in a Klein-Gordon field is calculated.

Sini R; Nijo Varghese; V C Kuriakose

2008-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

263

Measurement of high-Q2 deep inelastic scattering cross sections with longitudinally polarised positron beams at HERA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The first measurements of the cross sections for neutral and charged current deep inelastic scattering in e+p collisions with longitudinally polarised positron beams are presented. The total cross section for e+p charged current deep inelastic scattering is presented at positive and negative values of positron beam longitudinal polarisation for an integrated luminosity of 37.0 pb^-1 H1 data and 30.5 pb^-1 ZEUS data collected in 2003 and 2004 at a centre-of-mass energy of 319 GeV. In addition, the ZEUS collaboration measured the single differential cross sections for charged and neutral current deep inelastic scattering in the kinematic region Q^2>200 GeV^2. The measured cross sections are compared with the predictions of the Standard Model. The H1 collaboration extrapolate the cross section to a fully left handed positron beam and find it to be consistent with the Standard Model expectation.

Julian Rautenberg

2005-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

264

Charge asymmetry in the differential cross section of high-energy bremsstrahlung in the field of a heavy atom  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The distinction between the charged particle and antiparticle differential cross sections of high-energy bremsstrahlung in the electric field of a heavy atom is investigated. The consideration is based on the quasiclassical approximation to the wave functions in the external field. The charge asymmetry (the ratio of the antisymmetric and symmetric parts of the differential cross section) arises due to the account for the first quasiclassical correction to the differential cross section. All evaluations are performed with the exact account of the atomic field. We consider in detail the charge asymmetry for electrons and muons. For electrons, the nuclear size effect is not important while for muons this effect should be taken into account. For the longitudinal polarization of the initial charged particle, the account for the first quasiclassical correction to the differential cross section leads to the asymmetry in the cross section with respect to the replacement $\\varphi\\rightarrow-\\varphi$, where $\\varphi$ i...

Krachkov, P A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Copper K-shell emission cross sections for laser–solid experiments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Published measurements and models of the cross section for electrons causing K-shell emission from copper are reviewed to find a suitable expression to use when analyzing K{sub ?}-emission measurements in laser–solid experiments at peak intensities above 10{sup 18} W/cm{sup 2}. Few measurements exist in the 0.1- to 10-MeV electron energy range currently of interest, leaving a number of possible suitable models that are summarized here with a number of typing errors corrected. Two different limiting forms for the cross section at relativistic energies are used, and existing measurements do not give a clear indication as to which is correct. Comparison with the limiting form of electron stopping power indicates an alternative relativistic form and also that the density-effect correction will be important in copper above 10 MeV. For data analysis relying on relative K{sub ?} emission caused by electrons with energy much greater than the K-shell binding energy, the existing uncertainty in cross sections is unimportant, but it will be a source of uncertainty when using absolute values and for electron energies up to ?6× the binding energy. K-shell emission caused by photons and protons is also briefly reviewed.

Davies, J. R.; Betti, R.; Nilson, P. M.; Solodov, A. A. [Fusion Science Center for Extreme States of Matter, Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14623 (United States)] [Fusion Science Center for Extreme States of Matter, Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14623 (United States)

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

266

Ab-initio calculation of the photonuclear cross section of $^{10}$B  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present for the first-time the photonuclear cross section of $^{10}$B calculated within the ab-initio No Core Shell Model framework. Realistic two-nucleon (NN) chiral forces up to next-to-next-to-next-order (N3LO), which have been softened by the similarity renormalization group method (SRG) to $\\lambda=2.02$ fm$^{-1}$, were utilized. The electric-dipole response function is calculated using the Lanczos method. The effects of the continuum were accounted for by including neutron escape widths derived from R-matrix theory. The calculated cross section agrees well with experimental data in terms of structure as well as in absolute peak height, $\\sigma_{\\rm max}=4.85~{\\rm mb}$ at photon energy $\\omega=23.61~{\\rm MeV}$, and integrated cross section $85.36\\, {\\rm MeV \\cdotp mb}$. We test the Brink hypothesis by calculating the electric-dipole response for the first five positive-parity states in $^{10}$B and verify that dipole excitations built upon the ground- and excited states have similar characteristics.

Kruse, M K G; Johnson, C W

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Determination of the stellar (n,gamma) cross section of 40Ca with accelerator mass spectrometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The stellar (n,gamma) cross section of 40Ca at kT=25 keV has been measured with a combination of the activation technique and accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS). This combination is required when direct off-line counting of the produced activity is compromised by the long half-life and/or missing gamma-ray transitions. The neutron activations were performed at the Karlsruhe Van de Graaff accelerator using the quasistellar neutron spectrum of kT=25 keV produced by the 7Li(p,n)7Be reaction. The subsequent AMS measurements were carried out at the Vienna Environmental Research Accelerator (VERA) with a 3 MV tandem accelerator. The doubly magic 40Ca is a bottle-neck isotope in incomplete silicon burning, and its neutron capture cross section determines the amount of leakage, thus impacting on the eventual production of iron group elements. Because of its high abundance, 40Ca can also play a secondary role as "neutron poison" for the s-process. Previous determinations of this value at stellar energies were based on time-of-flight measurements. Our method uses an independent approach, and yields for the Maxwellian-averaged cross section at kT=30 keV a value of 30 keV= 5.73+/-0.34 mb.

I. Dillmann; C. Domingo-Pardo; M. Heil; F. Käppeler; A. Wallner; O. Forstner; R. Golser; W. Kutschera; A. Priller; P. Steier; A. Mengoni; R. Gallino; M. Paul; C. Vockenhuber

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Pion-pion cross section from proton-proton collisions at the LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The zero-degree calorimeters (ZDC) installed in the ALICE, ATLAS and CMS experiments at the LHC, make possible simultaneous detection of forward-backward leading neutrons, pp=>nXn. Such data with sufficiently high statistics could be a source of information about the pion-pion total cross section at high energies, provided that the absorption corrections, which are expected to be strong, are well understood. Otherwise, making a plausible assumption about the magnitude of the pion-pion cross section, one can consider such measurements as a way to study the absorption effects, which is the main focus of the present paper. These effects introduced at the amplitude level, are found to be different for the pion fluxes, which either conserve or flip the nucleon helicity. The pion fluxes from both colliding protons are essentially reduced by absorption, moreover, there is a common absorption suppression factor, which breaks down the factorized form of the cross section. We also evaluate the feed-down corrections related to the initial/final state inelastic processes possessing a rapidity gap, and found them to be small in the kinematic range under consideration. The contribution of other iso-vector Reggeons, spin-flip natural parity rho and a2, and spin non-flip unnatural parity a1 are also evaluated and found to be rather small.

B. Z. Kopeliovich; H. -J. Pirner; I. K. Potashnikova; K. Reygers; Ivan Schmidt

2015-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

269

Cross section measurements for quasi-elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering with the MINOS near detector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Main Injector Neutrino Oscillation Search (MINOS) is a long baseline neutrino oscillation experiment based at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL) in Chicago, Illinois. MINOS measures neutrino interactions in two large iron-scintillator tracking/sampling calorimeters; the Near Detector on-site at FNAL and the Far Detector located in the Soudan mine in northern Minnesota. The Near Detector has recorded a large number of neutrino interactions and this high statistics dataset can be used to make precision measurements of neutrino interaction cross sections. The cross section for charged-current quasi-elastic scattering has been measured by a number of previous experiments and these measurements disagree by up to 30%. A method to select a quasi-elastic enriched sample of neutrino interactions in the MINOS Near Detector is presented and a procedure to fit the kinematic distributions of this sample and extract the quasi-elastic cross section is introduced. The accuracy and robustness of the fitting procedure is studied using mock data and finally results from fits to the MINOS Near Detector data are presented.

Dorman, Mark Edward; /University Coll. London

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Elastic and inelastic neutron scattering cross sections for fission reactor applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nuclear data important for the design and development of the next generation of light-water reactors and future fast reactors include neutron elastic and inelastic scattering cross sections on important structural materials, such as Fe, and on coolant materials, such as Na. These reaction probabilities are needed since neutron reactions impact fuel performance during irradiations and the overall efficiency of reactors. While neutron scattering cross sections from these materials are available for certain incident neutron energies, the fast neutron region, particularly above 2 MeV, has large gaps for which no measurements exist, or the existing uncertainties are large. Measurements have been made at the University of Kentucky Accelerator Laboratory to measure neutron scattering cross sections on both Fe and Na in the region where these gaps occur and to reduce the uncertainties on scattering from the ground state and first excited state of these nuclei. Results from measurements on Fe at incident neutron energies between 2 and 4 MeV will be presented and comparisons will be made to model calculations available from data evaluators.

Hicks, S. F.; Combs, B.; Downes, L.; Girgis, J.; Kersting, L. J.; Lueck, C. J.; McDonough, P. J.; Schniederjan, J.; Sidwell, L.; Sigillito, A. J. [Department of Physics, University of Dallas, Irving TX 75019 (United States); Chakraborty, A.; Crider, B. P.; Kumar, A.; McEllistrem, M. T.; Peters, E. E.; Prados-Estevz, F. M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 (United States); Vanhoy, J. R.; Watts, D. [Department of Physics, United States Naval Academy, Annapolis MD 21402 (United States); Yates, S. W. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 (United States) and Department of Chemistry, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 (United States)

2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

271

Study on generating of thermal neutron scattering cross sections for LiH  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

LiH is designated as a promising moderator and shielding material because of its low density, high melting point and large fraction of H atoms. However, lack of the thermal neutron cross sections of LiH makes numerical calculation deviate from experimental data to some extent. As a result, it is necessary to study LiH thermal kernel effect. The phonon property of LiH has been investigated by first-principles calculations using the plane-wave pseudo potential method with CASTEP code. The scattering law and the thermal neutron scattering cross sections for Li and H have been generated using this distribution. The results have been compared with zirconium hydride data. The GASKET and NJOY/LEAPR codes have been used in the calculation of scattering law, whose results have been compared with the reference; the discrepancy mainly comes from phonon spectrums and its expansion. LEAPR had the capability to compute scattering through larger energy and momentum transfers than GASKET did. By studying LiH phonon spectrum and constructing the model of LiH thermal kernel and scattering matrix, the ACE format LiH thermal neutron cross sections for MCNP software could be made and used for reactor Neutronics calculation. (authors)

Wang, L.; Jiang, X.; Zhao, Z.; Chen, L. [Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Tropical and subtropical cloud transitions in weather and climate prediction models: the GCSS/WGNE Pacific Cross-Section Intercomparison (GPCI)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A model evaluation approach is proposed where weather and climate prediction models are analyzed along a Pacific Ocean cross-section, from the stratocumulus regions off the coast of California, across the shallow convection dominated trade-winds, to the deep convection regions of the ITCZ: the GCSS/WGNE Pacific Cross-section Intercomparison (GPCI). The main goal of GPCI is to evaluate, and help understand and improve the representation of tropical and sub-tropical cloud processes in weather and climate prediction models. In this paper, a detailed analysis of cloud regime transitions along the cross-section from the sub-tropics to the tropics for the season JJA of 1998 is presented. This GPCI study confirms many of the typical weather and climate prediction model problems in the representation of clouds: underestimation of clouds in the stratocumulus regime by most models with the corresponding consequences in terms of shortwave radiation biases; overestimation of clouds by the ECMWF Re-Analysis (ERA40) in the deep tropics (in particular) with the corresponding impact in the outgoing longwave radiation; large spread between the different models in terms of cloud cover, liquid water path and shortwave radiation; significant differences between the models in terms of vertical crosssections of cloud properties (in particular), vertical velocity and relative humidity. An alternative analysis of cloud cover mean statistics is proposed where sharp gradients in cloud cover along the GPCI transect are taken into account. This analysis shows that the negative cloud bias of some models and ERA40 in the stratocumulus regions (as compared to ISCCP) is associated not only with lower values of cloud cover in these regimes, but also with a stratocumulus-to-cumulus transition that occurs too early along the trade-wind Lagrangian trajectory. Histograms of cloud cover along the cross-section differ significantly between models. Some models exhibit a quasi-bimodal structure with cloud cover being either very large (close to 100%) or very small, while other models show a more continuous transition. The ISCCP observations suggest that reality is in-between these two extreme examples. These different patterns reflect the diverse nature of the cloud, boundary layer, and convection parameterizations in the participating weather and climate prediction models.

Teixeira, J.; Cardoso, S.; Bonazzola, M.; Cole, Jason N.; DelGenio, Anthony D.; DeMott, C.; Franklin, A.; Hannay, Cecile; Jakob, Christian; Jiao, Y.; Karlsson, J.; Kitagawa, H.; Koehler, M.; Kuwano-Yoshida, A.; LeDrian, C.; Lock, Adrian; Miller, M.; Marquet, P.; Martins, J.; Mechoso, C. R.; Meijgaard, E. V.; Meinke, I.; Miranda, P.; Mironov, D.; Neggers, Roel; Pan, H. L.; Randall, David A.; Rasch, Philip J.; Rockel, B.; Rossow, William B.; Ritter, B.; Siebesma, A. P.; Soares, P.; Turk, F. J.; Vaillancourt, P.; Von Engeln, A.; Zhao, M.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Comparison of electrical CD measurements and cross-section lattice-plane counts of sub-micrometer features replicated in Silicon-on-Insulator materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electrical test structures of the type known as cross-bridge resistors have been patterned in (100) epitaxial silicon material that was grown on Bonded and Etched-Back Silicon-on-Insulator (BESOI) substrates. The CDs (Critical Dimensions) of a selection of their reference segments have been measured electrically, by SEM (Scanning-Electron Microscopy) cross-section imaging, and by lattice-plane counting. The lattice-plane counting is performed on phase-contrast images made by High-Resolution Transmission-Electron Microscopy (HRTEM). The reference-segment features were aligned with <110> directions in the BESOI surface material. They were defined by a silicon micromachining process which results in their sidewalls being atomically-planar and smooth and inclined at 54.737{degree} to the surface (100) plane of the substrate. This (100) implementation may usefully complement the attributes of the previously-reported vertical-sidewall one for selected reference-material applications. The SEM, HRTEM, and electrical CD (ECD) linewidth measurements that are made on BESOI features of various drawn dimensions on the same substrate is being investigated to determine the feasibility of a CD traceability path that combines the low cost, robustness, and repeatability of the ECD technique and the absolute measurement of the HRTEM lattice-plane counting technique. Other novel aspects of the (100) SOI implementation that are reported here are the ECD test-structure architecture and the making of HRTEM lattice-plane counts from both cross-sectional, as well as top-down, imaging of the reference features. This paper describes the design details and the fabrication of the cross-bridge resistor test structure. The long-term goal is to develop a technique for the determination of the absolute dimensions of the trapezoidal cross-sections of the cross-bridge resistors reference segments, as a prelude to making them available for dimensional reference applications.

CRESSWELL,MICHAEL W.; BONEVICH,JOHN E.; HEADLEY,THOMAS J.; ALLEN,RICHARD A.; GIANNUZZI,LUCILLE A.; EVERIST,SARAH C.; GHOSHTAGORE,RATHINDRA, N.; SHEA,PATRICK J.

2000-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

274

Calculation and evaluation of cross-sections for p+184W reactions up to 200MeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The cross-sections of proton-induced reactions on 184W at incident proton energy below 200MeV are calculated and analyzed including reaction cross-sections, elastic scattering angular distributions, energy spectra and double differential cross section. Nuclear theoretical models which integrate the optical model, distorted born wave approximation theory, the intra-nuclear cascade model, the exciton model, the Hauser-Feshbach theory and the evaporation model are used in the reactions. Theoretical results are compared with the existent experimental data.

Sun, Jianping; Han, Yinlu

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Threshold-Resummed Cross Section for the Drell-Yan Process in Pion-Nucleon Collisions at COMPASS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a study of the Drell-Yan process in pion-proton collisions including next-to-leading-logarithmic threshold-resummed contributions. We analyze rapidity-integrated as well as rapidity-differential cross sections in the kinematic regime relevant for the COMPASS fixed target experiment. We find that resummation leads to a significant enhancement of the cross section compared to fixed-order calculations in this regime. Particularly large corrections arise at large forward and backward rapidities of the lepton pair. We also study the scale dependence of the cross section and find it to be substantially reduced by threshold resummation.

Matthias Aicher; Andreas Schäfer; Werner Vogelsang

2011-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

276

Fermi-LAT constraints on dark matter annihilation cross section from observations of the Fornax cluster  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We analyze 2.8-yr data of 1–100 GeV photons for clusters of galaxies, collected with the Large Area Telescope onboard the Fermi satellite. By analyzing 49 nearby massive clusters located at high Galactic latitudes, we find no excess gamma-ray emission towards directions of the galaxy clusters. Using flux upper limits, we show that the Fornax cluster provides the most stringent constraints on the dark matter annihilation cross section. Stacking a large sample of nearby clusters does not help improve the limit for most dark matter models. This suggests that a detailed modeling of the Fornax cluster is important for setting robust limits on the dark matter annihilation cross section based on clusters. We therefore perform the detailed mass modeling and predict the expected dark matter annihilation signals from the Fornax cluster, by taking into account effects of dark matter contraction and substructures. By modeling the mass distribution of baryons (stars and gas) around a central bright elliptical galaxy, NGC 1399, and using a modified contraction model motivated by numerical simulations, we show that the dark matter contraction boosts the annihilation signatures by a factor of 4. For dark matter masses around 10 GeV, the upper limit obtained on the annihilation cross section times relative velocity is (??)?<(2–3) × 10{sup ?25} cm{sup 3} s{sup ?1}, which is within a factor of 10 from the value required to explain the dark matter relic density. This effect is more robust than the annihilation boost due to substructure, and it is more important unless the mass of the smallest subhalos is much smaller than that of the Sun.

Ando, Shin'ichiro [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Amsterdam, 1090 GL Amsterdam (Netherlands); Nagai, Daisuke, E-mail: s.ando@uva.nl, E-mail: daisuke.nagai@yale.edu [Department of Physics, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

PRELIMINARY CROSS SECTION AND NU-BAR COVARIANCES FOR WPEC SUBGROUP 26  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report preliminary cross section covariances developed for the WPEC Subgroup 26 for 45 out of 52 requested materials. The covariances were produced in 15- and 187-group representations as follows: (1) 36 isotopes ({sup 16}O, {sup 19}F, {sup 23}Na, {sup 27}Al, {sup 28}Si, {sup 52}Cr, {sup 56,56}Fe, {sup 58}Ni, {sup 90,91,92,94}Zr, {sup 166,167,168,170}Er, {sup 206,207,208}Pb, {sup 209}Bi, {sup 233,234,236}U, {sup 237}Np, {sup 238,240,241,242}Pu, {sup 241,242m,243}Am, {sup 242,243,244,245}Cm) were evaluated using the BNL-LANL methodology. For the thermal region and the resolved and unresolved resonance regions, the methodology has been based on the Atlas-Kalman approach, in the fast neutron region the Empire-Kalman method has been used; (2) 6 isotopes ({sup 155,156,157,158,160}Gd and {sup 232}Th) were taken from ENDF/B-VII.0; and (3) 3 isotopes ({sup 1}H, {sup 238}U and {sup 239}Pu) were taken from JENDL-3.3. For 6 light nuclei ({sup 4}He, {sup 6,7}Li, {sup 9}Be, {sup 10}B, {sup 12}C), only partial cross section covariance results were obtained, additional work is needed and they do not report the results here. Likewise, the cross section covariances for {sup 235}U, which they recommend to take from JENDL-3.3, will be included once the multigroup processing is successfully completed. Covariances for the average number of neutrons per fission, total {nu}-bar, are provided for 10 actinides identified as priority by SG26. Further work is needed to resolve some of the issues and to produce covariances for the full set of 52 materials.

ROCHMAN,D.

2007-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

278

Monte Carlo simulation of nitrogen dissociation based on state-resolved cross sections  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

State-resolved analyses of N + N{sub 2} are performed using the direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) method. In describing the elastic collisions by a state-resolved method, a state-specific total cross section is proposed. The state-resolved method is constructed from the state-specific total cross section and the rovibrational state-to-state transition cross sections for bound-bound and bound-free transitions taken from a NASA database. This approach makes it possible to analyze the rotational-to-translational, vibrational-to-translational, and rotational-to-vibrational energy transfers and the chemical reactions without relying on macroscopic properties and phenomenological models. In nonequilibrium heat bath calculations, the results of present state-resolved DSMC calculations are validated with those of the master equation calculations and the existing shock-tube experimental data for bound-bound and bound-free transitions. In various equilibrium and nonequilibrium heat bath conditions and 2D cylindrical flows, the DSMC calculations by the state-resolved method are compared with those obtained with previous phenomenological DSMC models. In these previous DSMC models, the variable soft sphere, phenomenological Larsen-Borgnakke, quantum kinetic, and total collision energy models are considered. From these studies, it is concluded that the state-resolved method can accurately describe the rotational-to-translational, vibrational-to-translational, and rotational-to-vibrational transfers and quasi-steady state of rotational and vibrational energies in nonequilibrium chemical reactions by state-to-state kinetics.

Kim, Jae Gang, E-mail: jaegkim@umich.edu; Boyd, Iain D., E-mail: iainboyd@umich.edu [Department of Aerospace Engineering, University of Michigan, 1320 Beal Avenue, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2140 (United States)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

279

Spin-dependent part of $p\\bar{p}$ interaction cross section and Nijmegen potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low energy $p\\bar{p}$ interaction is considered taking into account the polarization of both particles. The corresponding cross sections are calculated using the Nijmegen nucleon-antinucleon optical potential. Then they are applied to the analysis of the polarization buildup which is due to the interaction of stored antiprotons with polarized protons of a hydrogen target. It is shown that, at realistic parameters of a storage ring and a target, the filtering mechanism may provide a noticeable polarization in a time comparable with the beam lifetime.

V. F. Dmitriev; A. I. Milstein; S. G. Salnikov

2010-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

280

Calculations of partial cross sections for photofragmentation processes using complex absorbing potentials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the use of complex absorbing potentials for the calculation of partial cross sections in multichannel photofragmentation processes. An exactly solvable, coupled-two-channel problem involving square-well potentials is used to compare the performance of various types of absorbing potentials. Special emphasis is given to the near-threshold regions and the conditions under which the numerical results are able to reproduce the Wigner threshold laws. It was found that singular, transmission-free absorbing potentials perform better than those of power or polynomial form.

Grozdanov, T.P.; Andric, L.; McCarroll, R. [Institute of Physics, P.O. Box 57, 11001 Belgrade (Serbia and Montenegro); Laboratoire de Chimie Physique-Matiere et Rayonnement, UMR 7614 du CNRS, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, 75231-Paris Cedex 05 (France)

2006-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical sonic cross-section" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Nuclear matrix elements from direct lifetime or cross-section measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The method of simultaneous lifetime and g factor measurements using a plunger device and the RDDS and TDRIV techniques is introduced. Results on lifetimes and hyperfine-interaction parameters for 2{sup +}{sub 1} states in {sup 104-108}Pd, {sup 96,98,104}Ru, and {sup 92,94}Zr, using a plunger device. Another method to obtain electromagnetic matrix elements is direct cross section measurements using NRF. The method is outlined, and some recent results on {sup 76}Se are shown.

Werner, V.; Cooper, N.; Hinton, M.; Ilie, G.; Radeck, D. [Wright Nuclear Structure Laboratory, Yale University, P.O. Box 208120, New Haven, CT 06520-8120 (United States); Wright Nuclear Structure Laboratory, Yale University, P.O. Box 208120, New Haven, CT 06520-8120 (United States) and Department of Physics, University of Surrey, Guilford, GU27XH (United Kingdom); Wright Nuclear Structure Laboratory, Yale University, P.O. Box 208120, New Haven, CT 06520-8120 (United States) and National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, P.O. Box MG-6, Bucharest-Magurele (Romania); Wright Nuclear Structure Laboratory, Yale University, P.O. Box 208120, New Haven, CT 06520-8120 (United States) and Institut fuer Kernphysik, Universitaet zu Koeln, Zuelpicher Str. 77, 50937 Koeln (Germany)

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

282

Threshold law for ionization cross sections in the Temkin-Poet model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An integral representation of wave functions for the Temkin-Poet model of electron impact on atomic hydrogen is given. Approximate wave functions are evaluated analytically for large hyperradius to extract the ionization S-matrix element. An ionization cross section of the form exp[{minus}aE{sup {minus}1/6}+bE{sup 1/6}], where a and b are positive constants, is derived. The exponential suppression of ionization for small E appears to be the quantum counterpart of the delayed onset of ionization in the classical theory for this model. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

Macek, J.H. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996-1501 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996-1501 (United States); [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Post Office Box 2009, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); Ihra, W. [Department of Mathematics, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, Surry TW20 0EX (United Kingdom)] [Department of Mathematics, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, Surry TW20 0EX (United Kingdom)

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Precision nuclear targets for Drell-Yan cross section measurements at 800 GeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Targets of iron, tungsten, carbon, and calcium of areal densities 2.3 to 5.8 g/cm/sup 2/ were fabricated to high precision for a fixed-target experiment performed in 1988 at Fermilab to measure relative Drell-Yan cross sections. The experiment used 800-GeV protons at an intensity of 2 x 10/sup 12/ protons per 23-second spill. Areal densities were determined to an accuracy of approximately 1 part in 10/sup 4/. The calcium targets were vacuum-encapsulated in stainless steel by electron-beam welding. 1 ref., 5 figs., 4 tabs.

Gursky, J.C.; Baer, H.; Flick, F.F.; Gallegos, D.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Measurements of the Total Cross Section for the Scattering of Polarized Neutrons from Polarized $^3$He  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurements of polarized neutron--polarized $^3$He scattering are reported. The target consisted of cryogenically-polarized solid $^3$He, thickness 0.04 atom/b and polarization 40%. The longitudinal and transverse total cross-section differences $\\Delta\\sigma_L$ and $\\Delta\\sigma_T$ were measured for incident neutron energies 2-8 MeV. The results are compared to phase-shift predictions based on four different analyses of n-$^3$He scattering. The best agreement is obtained with a recent R-matrix analysis of A=4 scattering and reaction data, lending strong suport to the $^4$He level scheme obtained in that analysis.

C. D. Keith; C. R. Gould; D. G. Haase; M. L. Seely; P. R. Huffman; N. R. Roberson; W. Tornow; W. S. Wilburn

1996-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

285

Measuring n-N Deep Inelastic Cross Sections at MiniBooNE  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces andMapping the Nanoscale LandscapeImportsBG4,Measurements+ Cross Section

286

Electron Transport Coefficients and Scattering Cross Sections in CH4, HBr and in Mixtures of He and Xe  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have applied a standard swarm procedure in order to obtain electron scattering cross sections and transport coefficients that provide a data base for plasma modeling. In case of CH4 the dissociative excitation cross sections from binary collision experiments were renormalized by fitting the measured excitation coefficients with our calculations. In case of HBr we have produced a complete set of cross sections based on available data from the literature, with some extrapolations. We have also tested the cross sections in He-Xe mixtures and the application of Blanc's law and common mean energy procedure in calculating drift velocities in by comparison with recent measurements. Finally, a well tested Monte Carlo code was used in wide range of both DC and RF electric and magnetic fields in order to calculate a number of transport coefficients in case of CH4 and HBr.

Sasic, Olivera M. [Institute of Physics, POB 68, 11080 Belgrade (Serbia and Montenegro); Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering, Belgrade (Serbia and Montenegro)

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Experimental Cross Sections for Reactions of Heavy Ions and 208Pb, 209Bi, 238U, and 248Cm Targets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

particular area of the chart of nuclides in greater detail.a given region of the Chart of Nuclides, like the heaviestsection of the Chart of Nuclides to make cross section

Patin, Joshua B.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Measurement of the Isolated Prompt Photon Production Cross Section in pp Collisions at [square root] s=7??TeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The differential cross section for the inclusive production of isolated prompt photons has been measured as a function of the photon transverse energy ET? [E subscript Tau superscript gamma] in pp collisions at ?s=7??[square ...

Alver, Burak Han

289

Cross sections and analyzing powers for the ,,p,n... reaction on 3 He at 200 MeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, College Park, Maryland 20742 Received 31 December 1997 Double-differential cross sections and analyzing of Nuclear Physics, 31- 342 Krako´w, Poland. Present address: Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM

Maryland at College Park, University of

290

Investigations of neutron characteristics for salt blanket models; integral fission cross section measurements of neptunium, plutonium, americium and curium isotopes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neutron characteristics of salt blanket micromodels containing eutectic mixtures of sodium, zirconium and uranium sulphides were measured on FKBN-2M, BIGR and MAKET installations. The effective fission cross sections of neptunium, plutonium, americium and curium isotopes were measured on the neutron spectra formed by micromodels. KEYWORDS: transmutation, minor actinides, fluoride salts, micromodel, critical assembly, neutron spectrum, multiplication coefficient, fission, effective cross section, nuclear track detector, nuclear data library

Novoselov, G. F.; Gavrilov, V. V.; Kuvshinov, M. (Mikhail); Bogdanov, V. M. (Vladimir Mikha?lovich); Maslov, Georgi? Vladimirovich,; Vyachin, V. (Vladimir); Mashnik, S. G. (Stepan G.); Gorelov, V. I. (Vladimir Ivanovich); Fomushkin, E. F.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Measurement of the Proton-Air Cross-Section at ?(s) = 57 TeV with the Pierre Auger Observatory  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

We report a measurement of the proton-air cross section for particle production at the center-of-mass energy per nucleon of 57 TeV. This is derived from the distribution of the depths of shower maxima observed with the Pierre Auger Observatory: systematic uncertainties are studied in detail. Analyzing the tail of the distribution of the shower maxima, a proton-air cross section of [505±22(stat)-36+28(syst)]??mb is found.

Abrue, P

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Di-photon and photon + b/c production cross sections at Ecm = 1.96- TeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Measurements of the di-photon cross section have been made in the central region and are found to be in good agreement with NLO QCD predictions. The cross section of events containing a photon and additional heavy flavor jet have also been measured, as well as the ratio of photon + b to photon + c. The statistically limited sample shows good agreement with Leading Order predictions.

Gajjar, Anant; /Liverpool U.

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

In-medium NN cross sections determined from stopping and collective flow in intermediate-energy heavy-ion collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In-medium nucleon-nucleon scattering cross sections are explored by comparing results of quantum molecular dynamics simulations to data on stopping and on elliptic and directed flow in intermediate-energy heavy-ion collisions. The comparison points to in-medium cross sections which are suppressed at low energies but not at higher energies. Positive correlations are found between the degree of stopping and the magnitudes of elliptic and directed flows.

Zhang, Y; Li, Z; Danielewicz, Pawel; Li, Zhuxia; Zhang, Yingxun

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

In-medium NN cross sections determined from stopping and collective flow in intermediate-energy heavy-ion collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In-medium nucleon-nucleon scattering cross sections are explored by comparing results of quantum molecular dynamics simulations to data on stopping and on elliptic and directed flow in intermediate-energy heavy-ion collisions. The comparison points to in-medium cross sections which are suppressed at low energies but not at higher energies. Positive correlations are found between the degree of stopping and the magnitudes of elliptic and directed flows.

Yingxun Zhang; Zhuxia Li; Pawel Danielewicz

2007-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

295

Studies of combustion reactions at the state-resolved differential cross section level  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

State-resolved differential reaction cross sections provide perhaps the most detailed information about the mechanism of a chemical reaction, but heretofore they have been extremely difficult to measure. This program explores a new technique for obtaining differential cross sections with product state resolution. The three-dimensional velocity distribution of state-selected reaction products is determined by ionizing the appropriate product, waiting for a delay while it recoils along the trajectory imparted by the reaction, and finally projecting the spatial distribution of ions onto a two dimensional screen using a pulsed electric field. Knowledge of the arrival time allows the ion position to be converted to a velocity, and the density of velocity projections can be inverted mathematically to provide the three-dimensional velocity distribution for the selected product. The main apparatus has been constructed and tested using photodissociations. The authors report here the first test results using crossed beams to investigate collisions between Ar and NO. Future research will both develop further the new technique and employ it to investigate methyl radical, formyl radical, and hydrogen atom reactions which are important in combustion processes. The authors intend specifically to characterize the reactions of CH{sub 3} with H{sub 2} and H{sub 2}CO; of HCO with O{sub 2}; and of H with CH{sub 4}, CO{sub 2}, and O{sub 2}.

Houston, P.L.; Suits, A.G.; Bontuyan, L.S.; Whitaker, B.J. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Activation measurement of the 3He(alpha,gamma)7Be cross section at low energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The nuclear physics input from the 3He(alpha,gamma)7Be cross section is a major uncertainty in the fluxes of 7Be and 8B neutrinos from the Sun predicted by solar models and in the 7Li abundance obtained in big-bang nucleosynthesis calculations. The present work reports on a new precision experiment using the activation technique at energies directly relevant to big-bang nucleosynthesis. Previously such low energies had been reached experimentally only by the prompt-gamma technique and with inferior precision. Using a windowless gas target, high beam intensity and low background gamma-counting facilities, the 3He(alpha,gamma)7Be cross section has been determined at 127, 148 and 169 keV center-of-mass energy with a total uncertainty of 4%. The sources of systematic uncertainty are discussed in detail. The present data can be used in big-bang nucleosynthesis calculations and to constrain the extrapolation of the 3He(alpha,gamma)7Be astrophysical S-factor to solar energies.

D. Bemmerer; F. Confortola; H. Costantini; A. Formicola; Gy. Gyurky; R. Bonetti; C. Broggini; P. Corvisiero; Z. Elekes; Zs. Fulop; G. Gervino; A. Guglielmetti; C. Gustavino; G. Imbriani; M. Junker; M. Laubenstein; A. Lemut; B. Limata; V. Lozza; M. Marta; R. Menegazzo; P. Prati; V. Roca; C. Rolfs; C. Rossi Alvarez; E. Somorjai; O. Straniero; F. Strieder; F. Terrasi; H. P. Trautvetter

2006-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

297

Measurement of the total hadronic cross section in tagged. gamma. gamma. reactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a measurement of the total cross section for {gamma}{gamma}{r arrow}hadrons, with one photon quasireal and the other a spacelike photon of mass squared {minus}{ital Q}{sup 2}. Results are presented as a function of {ital Q}{sup 2} and the {gamma}{gamma} center-of-mass energy {ital W}, with the {ital Q}{sup 2} range extending from 0.2 to 60 GeV{sup 2}, and {ital W} in the range from 2 to 10 GeV. The data were taken with the TPC/Two-Gamma facility at the SLAC {ital e}{sup +}{ital e}{sup {minus}} storage ring PEP, which was operated at a beam energy of 14.5 GeV. The cross section exhibits a gentle falloff with increasing {ital W}. Its {ital Q}{sup 2} dependence is shown to be well described by an incoherent sum of vector-meson and pointlike scattering over most of the observed {ital W} range. Agreement at high {ital Q}{sup 2} is improved if a minimum-{ital p}{sub {ital T}} cutoff (motivated by QCD) is imposed on the pointlike contribution.

Aihara, H.; Alston-Garnjost, M.; Avery, R.E.; Barker, A.R.; Bauer, D.A.; Bay, A.; Belcinski, R.; Bingham, H.H.; Bloom, E.D.; Buchanan, C.D.; Caldwell, D.O.; Chao, H.; Chun, S.; Clark, A.R.; Cowan, G.D.; Crane, D.A.; Dahl, O.I.; Daoudi, M.; Derby, K.A.; Eastman, J.J.; Eberhard, P.H.; Edberg, T.K.; Eisner, A.M.; Erne, F.C.; Fairfield, K.H.; Fridman, A.; Godfrey, G.; Hauptman, J.M.; Ho, C.; Hofmann, W.; Kamae, T.; Kenney, R.W.; Khacheryan, S.; Kofler, R.R.; Lambert, D.J.; Langeveld, W.G.J.; Layter, J.G.; Lin, W.T.; Linde, F.L.; Loken, S.C.; Lu, A.; Lynch, G.R.; Lys, J.E.; Madaras, R.J.; Magnuson, B.D.; Marsiske, H.; Masek, G.E.; Mathis, L.G.; Maxfield, S.J.; McNeil, R.R.; Miller, E.S.; Nicol, N.A.; Nygren, D.R.; Oddone, P.J.; Oh, H.; Oyang, Y.; Paar, H.P.; Palounek, A.P.T.; Park, S.K.; Pellett, D.E.; Pripstein, M.; Ronan, M.T.; Ross, R.R.; Rouse, F.R.; Schwitkis, K.A.; Sens, J.C.; Shapiro, G.; Shen, B.C.; Smith, J.R.; Steinman, J.S.; Stephens, R.W.; Stevenson, M.L.; Stork, D.H.; Strauss,; TPC /Two-Gamma Collaboration

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Extension of the Application of the generalized pole representation to the treatment of resonance cross sections.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One reliable and convenient way of processing the cross sections in the resolved energy region is by use of the generalized pole representation, whereby the Doppler-broadening calculation can be carried out rigorously using the analytical approach. So far, its applications have been limited to cases with resonance parameters specified by the Reich-Moore formalism. Although such an approach, in principle, can be extended to all three remaining representations of resolved resonance parameters specified by the ENDF data format, there is no computational tool for handling such a task at present. Given that Breit-Wigner formalisms are probably the most widely used by any evaluated nuclear data library to represent cross sections, a special effort has to be made to convert the single level and multilevel Breit-Wigner resonance parameters to pole parameters. A FORTRAN computer code BW2PR has been developed for this purpose. Extensive calculations have been performed to demonstrate that the proposed method ensures the conservation of the information contained originally in Breit-Wigner resonance parameters. This will make it possible to apply the exact Doppler-broadening method to a larger collection of nuclides.

Hwang, R. N.; Jammes, C.

1999-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

299

Thermal conduction by dark matter with velocity and momentum-dependent cross-sections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use the formalism of Gould and Raffelt to compute the dimensionless thermal conduction coefficients for scattering of dark matter particles with standard model nucleons via cross-sections that depend on the relative velocity or momentum exchanged between particles. Motivated by models invoked to reconcile various recent results in direct detection, we explicitly compute the conduction coefficients $\\alpha$ and $\\kappa$ for cross-sections that go as $v_{\\rm rel}^2$, $v_{\\rm rel}^4$, $v_{\\rm rel}^{-2}$, $q^2$, $q^4$ and $q^{-2}$, where $v_{\\rm rel}$ is the relative DM-nucleus velocity and $q$ is the momentum transferred in the collision. We find that a $v_{\\rm rel}^{-2}$ dependence can significantly enhance energy transport from the inner solar core to the outer core. The same can true for any $q$-dependent coupling, if the dark matter mass lies within some specific range for each coupling. This effect can complement direct searches for dark matter; combining these results with state-of-the-art Solar simulations should greatly increase sensitivity to certain DM models. It also seems possible that the so-called Solar Abundance Problem could be resolved by enhanced energy transport in the solar core due to such velocity- or momentum-dependent scatterings.

Aaron C. Vincent; Pat Scott

2014-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

300

Determination of the stellar (n,gamma) cross section of 40Ca with accelerator mass spectrometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The stellar (n,gamma) cross section of 40Ca at kT=25 keV has been measured with a combination of the activation technique and accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS). This combination is required when direct off-line counting of the produced activity is compromised by the long half-life and/or missing gamma-ray transitions. The neutron activations were performed at the Karlsruhe Van de Graaff accelerator using the quasistellar neutron spectrum of kT=25 keV produced by the 7Li(p,n)7Be reaction. The subsequent AMS measurements were carried out at the Vienna Environmental Research Accelerator (VERA) with a 3 MV tandem accelerator. The doubly magic 40Ca is a bottle-neck isotope in incomplete silicon burning, and its neutron capture cross section determines the amount of leakage, thus impacting on the eventual production of iron group elements. Because of its high abundance, 40Ca can also play a secondary role as "neutron poison" for the s-process. Previous determinations of this value at stellar energies were based o...

Dillmann, I; Heil, M; Käppeler, F; Wallner, A; Forstner, O; Golser, R; Kutschera, W; Priller, A; Steier, P; Mengoni, A; Gallino, R; Paul, M; Vockenhuber, C; 10.1103/PhysRevC.79.065805

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical sonic cross-section" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

MICROX-2 cross section library based on ENDF/B-VII  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

New cross section libraries of a neutron transport code MICROX-2 have been generated for advanced reactor design and fuel cycle analyses. A total of 386 nuclides were processed, including 10 thermal scattering nuclides, which are available in ENDF/B-VII release 0 nuclear data. The NJOY system and MICROR code were used to process nuclear data and convert them into MICROX-2 format. The energy group structure of the new library was optimized for both the thermal and fast neutron spectrum reactors based on Contributon and Point-wise Cross Section Driven (CPXSD) method, resulting in a total of 1173 energy groups. A series of lattice cell level benchmark calculations have been performed against both experimental measurements and Monte Carlo calculations for the effective/infinite multiplication factor and reaction rate ratios. The results of MICROX-2 calculation with the new library were consistent with those of 15 reference cases. The average errors of the infinite multiplication factor and reaction rate ratio were 0.31% {delta}k and 1.9%, respectively. The maximum error of reaction rate ratio was 8% for {sup 238}U-to-{sup 235}U fission of ZEBRA lattice against the reference calculation done by MCNP5. (authors)

Hou, J.; Ivanov, K. [Dept. of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, Pennsylvania State Univ., Univ. Park, PA 16802-1414 (United States); Choi, H. [General Atomics, 3550 General Atomics Court, San Diego, CA 92121-1122 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Cylindrical acoustic levitator/concentrator having non-circular cross-section  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A low-power, inexpensive acoustic apparatus for levitation and/or concentration of aerosols and small liquid/solid samples having particulates up to several millimeters in diameter in air or other fluids is described. It is constructed from a commercially available, hollow piezoelectric crystal which has been formed with a cylindrical cross-section to tune the resonance frequency of the breathing mode resonance of the crystal to that of the interior cavity of the cylinder. When the resonance frequency of the interior cylindrical cavity is matched to the breathing mode resonance of the cylindrical piezoelectric transducer, the acoustic efficiency for establishing a standing wave pattern in the cavity is high. By deforming the circular cross-section of the transducer, the acoustic force is concentrated along axial regions parallel to the axis of the transducer. The cylinder does not require accurate alignment of a resonant cavity. The concentrated regions of acoustic force cause particles in the fluid to concentrate within the regions of acoustic force for separation from the fluid.

Kaduchak, Gregory; Sinha, Dipen N.

2003-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

303

Measurement of the t-channel single top quark production cross section  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The D0 collaboration reports direct evidence for electroweak production of single top quarks through the t-channel exchange of a virtual W boson. This is the first analysis to isolate an individual single top quark production channel. We select events containing an isolated electron or muon, missing transverse energy, and two, three or four jets from 2.3 fb{sup -1} of p{bar p} collisions at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. One or two of the jets are identified as containing a b hadron. We combine three multivariate techniques optimized for the t-channel process to measure the t- and s-channel cross sections simultaneously. We measure cross sections of 3.14{sub -0.80}{sup +0.94} pb for the t-channel and 1.05 {+-} 0.81 pb for the s-channel. The measured t-channel result is found to have a significance of 4.8 standard deviations and is consistent with the standard model prediction.

Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich; /Dubna, JINR; Abbott, Braden Keim; /Oklahoma U.; Abolins, Maris A.; /Michigan State U.; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath; /Tata Inst.; Adams, Mark Raymond; /Illinois U., Chicago; Adams, Todd; /Florida State U.; Aguilo, Ernest; /Alberta U. /Simon Fraser U. /York U., Canada /McGill U.; Ahsan, Mahsana; /Kansas State U.; Alexeev, Guennadi D.; /Dubna, JINR; Alkhazov, Georgiy D.; /St. Petersburg, INP; Alton, Andrew K.; /Michigan U. /Augustana Coll., Sioux Falls /Northeastern U.

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Studying possible higher twist contributions in the inclusive charged hadron cross sections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the standard pQCD picture particles are produced via the parton jet fragmentation process. However, there are also other production mechanisms like higher twist (HT) processes. A usual example of a HT process is a direct production of an outgoing hadron, where the hadron is produced in the hard subprocess without fragmentation. We study the HT phenomena using a shape analysis (xT scaling) of the inclusive invariant cross sections of charged hadrons, measured by the ALICE collaboration at center-of-mass energies \\sqrt{s}=2.76 TeV and 7 TeV. The data is compared to PYTHIA8 event generator and to a phenomenological model for HT. Using PYTHIA8, we explore a possible enhancement of HT phenomena for isolated particles, by comparing the shapes of the isolated distributions to inclusive distributions. The results from the standard PYTHIA8, without HT, is compared to a PYTHIA8 where we had included a HT process. Finally, we found out that the effects observed in the xT spectra originate from kinematic biases posed by the isolation cuts, rather than from an enrichment of the HT hadrons at the observed cross sections. A more detailed data analysis is ongoing.

Esko Pohjoisaho

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

305

Measurement and analysis of the Am-243 neutron capture cross section at the n_TOF facility at CERN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Background:The design of new nuclear reactors and transmutation devices requires to reduce the present neutron cross section uncertainties of minor actinides. Purpose: Reduce the $^{243}$Am(n,$\\gamma$) cross section uncertainty. Method: The $^{243}$Am(n,$\\gamma$) cross section has been measured at the n_TOF facility at CERN with a BaF$_{2}$ Total Absorption Calorimeter, in the energy range between 0.7 eV and 2.5 keV. Results: The $^{243}$Am(n,$\\gamma$) cross section has been successfully measured in the mentioned energy range. The resolved resonance region has been extended from 250 eV up to 400 eV. In the unresolved resonance region our results are compatible with one of the two incompatible capture data sets available below 2.5 keV. The data available in EXFOR and in the literature has been used to perform a simple analysis above 2.5 keV. Conclusions: The results of this measurement contribute to reduce the $^{243}$Am(n,$\\gamma$) cross section uncertainty and suggest that this cross section is underestimated up to 25% in the neutron energy range between 50 eV and a few keV in the present evaluated data libraries.

n_TOF Collaboration; :; E. Mendoza; D. Cano-Ott; C. Guerrero; E. Berthoumieux; U. Abbondanno; G. Aerts; F. Alvarez-Velarde; S. Andriamonje; J. Andrzejewski; P. Assimakopoulos; L. Audouin; G. Badurek; J. Balibrea; P. Baumann; F. Becvar; F. Belloni; F. Calvino; M. Calviani; R. Capote; C. Carrapico; A. Carrillo de Albornoz; P. Cennini; V. Chepel; E. Chiaveri; N. Colonna; G. Cortes; A. Couture; J. Cox; M. Dahlfors; S. David; I. Dillmann; R. Dolfini; C. Domingo-Pardo; W. Dridi; I. Duran; C. Eleftheriadis; L. Ferrant; A. Ferrari; R. Ferreira-Marques; L. Fitzpatrick; H. Frais-Koelbl; K. Fujii; W. Furman; I. Goncalves; E. Gonzalez-Romero; A. Goverdovski; F. Gramegna; E. Griesmayer; F. Gunsing; B. Haas; R. Haight; M. Heil; A. Herrera-Martinez; M. Igashira; S. Isaev; E. Jericha; F. Kappeler; Y. Kadi; D. Karadimos; D. Karamanis; V. Ketlerov; M. Kerveno; P. Koehler; V. Konovalov; E. Kossionides; M. Krticka; C. Lampoudis; H. Leeb; A. Lindote; I. Lopes; R. Lossito; M. Lozano; S. Lukic; J. Marganiec; L. Marques; S. Marrone; T. Martinez; C. Massimi; P. Mastinu; A. Mengoni; P. M. Milazzo; C. Moreau; M. Mosconi; F. Neves; H. Oberhummer; S. O Brien; M. Oshima; J. Pancin; C. Papachristodoulou; C. Papadopoulos; C. Paradela; N. Patronis; A. Pavlik; P. Pavlopoulos; L. Perrot; M. T. Pigni; R. Plag; A. Plompen; A. Plukis; A. Poch; J. Praena; C. Pretel; J. Quesada; T. Rauscher; R. Reifarth; M. Rosetti; C. Rubbia; G. Rudolf; P. Rullhusen; J. Salgado; C. Santos; L. Sarchiapone; I. Savvidis; C. Stephan; G. Tagliente; J. L. Tain; L. Tassan-Got; L. Tavora; R. Terlizzi; G. Vannini; P. Vaz; A. Ventura; D. Villamarin; M. C. Vicente; V. Vlachoudis; R. Vlastou; F. Voss; S. Walter; H. Wendler; M. Wiescher; K. Wisshak

2014-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

306

Cross sections for production of closed superstrings at high energy colliders in brane world models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In brane world string models with large extra dimensions, there are processes where fermion and antifermion (or two gluons) can annihilate producing a light particle (e.g. gluon) carrying transverse momentum and a Kaluza-Klein graviton or an excited closed string that propagates in the extra dimensions. In high energy colliders, this process gives a missing momentum signature. We compute the total cross section for this process within the context of type II superstring theory in the presence of a D brane. This includes all missing energy sources for this string theory model up to s=8M_s^2, and it can be used to put new limits on the string scale M_s.

Diego Chialva; Roberto Iengo; Jorge G. Russo

2005-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

307

Peristaltic Pumping of Blood Through Small Vessels of Varying Cross-section  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The paper is devoted to a study of the peristaltic motion of blood in the micro-circulatory system. The vessel is considered to be of varying cross-section. The progressive peristaltic waves are taken to be of sinusoidal nature. Blood is considered to be a Herschel-Bulkley fluid. Of particular concern here is to investigate the effects of amplitude ratio, mean pressure gradient, yield stress and the power law index on the velocity distribution, streamline pattern and wall shear stress. On the basis of the derived analytical expression, extensive numerical calculations have been made. The study reveals that velocity of blood and wall shear stress are appreciably affected due to the non-uniform geometry of blood vessels. They are also highly sensitive to the magnitude of the amplitude ratio and the value of the fluid index.

J. C. Misra; S. Maiti

2012-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

308

Reaction cross-section calculations using new experimental and theoretical level structure data for deformed nuclei  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A technique for modeling quasiparticle excitation energies and rotational parameters in odd-odd deformed nuclei has been used to construct sets of discrete states with energy 0 to 1.5 MeV in /sup 176/Lu and /sup 236/Np. These data were used as part of the input for calculation of isomer production cross-section ratios in the /sup 175/Lu(n,..gamma..)/sup 176/Lu and /sup 237/Np(n,2n)/sup 236/Np reactions. In order to achieve agreement with experiment, it has been found necessary to include in the modeled set many rotational bands (35 to 95), which are comprised of hundreds of levels with their gamma-ray branching ratios. It is essential that enough bands be included to produce a representative selection of K quantum numbers in the de-excitation cascade. 20 refs., 3 figs., 3 tabs.

Hoff, R.W.; Gardner, D.G.; Gardner, M.A.

1984-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

309

Upper limits for the photoproduction cross section for the Phi--(1860) pentaquark state off the deuteron  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We searched for the {Phi}{sup --}(1860) pentaquark in the photoproduction process off the deuteron in the {Xi}{sup -} {pi}{sup -} decay channel using CLAS. The invariant mass spectrum of the {Xi}{sup -} {pi}{sup -} system does not indicate any statistically significant enhancement near the reported mass M = 1.860 GeV. The statistical analysis of the sideband-subtracted mass spectrum yields a 90% confidence level upper limit of 0.7 nb for the photoproduction cross section of {Phi}{sup --}(1860) with a consecutive decay into {Xi}{sup -} {pi}{sup -} in the photon energy range 4.5 GeV < E{sub {gamma}} < 5.5 GeV.

Hovanes Egiyan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Measurements of Differential Z/gamma*+jet+X Cross Sections with the D0 Detector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present measurements of differential cross sections in inclusive Z/{gamma}* plus jet production in a data sample of 1 fb{sup -1} collected with the D0 detector in proton antiproton collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV. Measured variables include the Z/{gamma}* transverse momentum (p{sub T}{sup Z}) and rapidity (y{sup Z}), the leading jet transverse momentum (p{sub T}{sup jet}) and rapidity (y{sup jet}), as well as various angles of the Z+jet system. We compare the results to different Monte Carlo event generators and next-to-leading order perturbative QCD (NLO pQCD) predictions, with non-perturbative corrections applied.

Lammers, Sabine

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Cross sections from proton irradiation of thorium at 800 MeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear formation cross sections are reported for 65 nuclides produced from 800-MeV proton irradiation of thorium foils. These data are useful as benchmarks for computational predictions in the ongoing process of theoretical code development and also to the design of spallation-based radioisotope production currently being considered for multiple radiotherapeutic pharmaceutical agents. Measured data are compared with the predictions of three MCNP6 event generators and used to evaluate the potential for 800-MeV productions of radioisotopes of interest for medical radiotherapy. In only a few instances code predictions are discrepant from measured values by more than a factor of two, demonstrating satisfactory predictive power across a large mass range. Similarly, agreement between measurements presented here and those previously reported is good, lending credibility to predictions of target yields and radioimpurities for high-energy accelerator-produced radionuclides.

Engle, Jonathan W; Weidner, John W; Wolfsberg, Laura E; Fassbender, Michael E; Jackman, Kevin; Couture, Aaron; Bitteker, Leo J; Ullmann, John L; Gulley, Mark S; Pillai, Chandra; John, Kevin D; Birnbaum, Eva R; Nortier, Francois M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Cross sections from proton irradiation of thorium at 800 MeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear formation cross sections are reported for 65 nuclides produced from 800-MeV proton irradiation of thorium foils. These data are useful as benchmarks for computational predictions in the ongoing process of theoretical code development and also to the design of spallation-based radioisotope production currently being considered for multiple radiotherapeutic pharmaceutical agents. Measured data are compared with the predictions of three MCNP6 event generators and used to evaluate the potential for 800-MeV productions of radioisotopes of interest for medical radiotherapy. In only a few instances code predictions are discrepant from measured values by more than a factor of two, demonstrating satisfactory predictive power across a large mass range. Similarly, agreement between measurements presented here and those previously reported is good, lending credibility to predictions of target yields and radioimpurities for high-energy accelerator-produced radionuclides.

Jonathan W. Engle; Stepan G. Mashnik; John W. Weidner; Laura E. Wolfsberg; Michael E. Fassbender; Kevin Jackman; Aaron Couture; Leo J. Bitteker; John L. Ullmann; Mark S. Gulley; Chandra Pillai; Kevin D. John; Eva R. Birnbaum; Francois M. Nortier

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Revised methods for few-group cross sections generation in the Serpent Monte Carlo code  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents new calculation methods, recently implemented in the Serpent Monte Carlo code, and related to the production of homogenized few-group constants for deterministic 3D core analysis. The new methods fall under three topics: 1) Improved treatment of neutron-multiplying scattering reactions, 2) Group constant generation in reflectors and other non-fissile regions and 3) Homogenization in leakage-corrected criticality spectrum. The methodology is demonstrated by a numerical example, comparing a deterministic nodal diffusion calculation using Serpent-generated cross sections to a reference full-core Monte Carlo simulation. It is concluded that the new methodology improves the results of the deterministic calculation, and paves the way for Monte Carlo based group constant generation. (authors)

Fridman, E. [Reactor Safety Div., Helmholz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, POB 51 01 19, Dresden, 01314 (Germany); Leppaenen, J. [VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, POB 1000, FI-02044 VTT (Finland)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

The Cross Section of 3He(3He,2p)4He measured at Solar Energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the results of the \\hethet\\ experiment at the underground accelerator facility LUNA (Gran Sasso). For the first time the lowest projectile energies utilized for the cross section measurement correspond to energies below the center of the solar Gamow peak ($E_{\\rm 0}$=22 keV). The data provide no evidence for the existence of a hypothetical resonance in the energy range investigated. Although no extrapolation is needed anymore (except for energies at the low-energy tail of the Gamow peak), the data must be corrected for the effects of electron screening, clearly observed the first time for the \\hethet\\ reaction. The effects are however larger than expected and not understood, leading presently to the largest uncertainty on the quoted $S_{\\rm b}(E_{\\rm 0})$ value for bare nuclides (=5.40 MeV b).

The LUNA Collaboration; M. Junker; A. D'Alessandro; S. Zavatarelli; C. Arpesella; E. Bellotti; C. Broggini; P. Corvisiero; G. Fiorentini; A. Fubini; G. Gervino; U. Greife; C. Gustavino; J. Lambert; P. Prati; W. S. Rodney; C. Rolfs; F. Strieder; H. P. Trautvetter; D. Zahnow

1998-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

315

Vibrational spectra of light and heavy water with application to neutron cross section calculations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design of nuclear reactors and neutron moderators require a good representation of the interaction of low energy (E < 1 eV) neutrons with hydrogen and deuterium containing materials. These models are based on the dynamics of the material, represented by its vibrational spectrum. In this paper, we show calculations of the frequency spectrum for light and heavy water at room temperature using two flexible point charge potentials: SPC-MPG and TIP4P/2005f. The results are compared with experimental measurements, with emphasis on inelastic neutron scattering data. Finally, the resulting spectra are applied to calculation of neutron scattering cross sections for these materials, which were found to be a significant improvement over library data.

Damian, J. I. Marquez; Granada, J. R. [Neutron Physics Department and Instituto Balseiro, Centro Atomico Bariloche, CNEA (Argentina); Malaspina, D. C. [Department of Biomedical Engineering and Chemistry of Life Processes Institute, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, Illinois 60208 (United States)

2013-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

316

Modification of the Absorption Cross Section in the Optical Near-field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The optical interaction of light and matter is modeled as an oscillating dipole in a plane wave. We analyze absorption, scattering and extinction for this system by the energy flow, which is depicted by streamlines of the Poynting vector. Depending on the dissipative damping of the oscillator, the streamlines end up in the dipole. Based on a graphical investigation of the streamlines, this represents the absorption cross section, and forms a far-field absorption aperture. In the near-field of the oscillator, a modification of the aperture is observed. This scheme can be adapted to a single dipolar emitter, interacting with a light field. In the case of the absorption by a single atom, where the oscillator has a circular dipole characteristics, we model the energy flow and derive the apertures.

Moritz Striebel; Jeff F. Young; Jörg Wrachtrup; Ilja Gerhardt

2014-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

317

Conformation of Adjacent Self-expanding Stents: A Cross-Sectional In Vitro Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We examined the proximal conformation of three commonly used self-expanding stents when the stents were deployed adjacent to one another in a tubular model, simulating a 'kissing' stent technique. The stent pairs were evaluated by computed tomogrphy to determine the cross-sectional area excluded by the stents within the model. The mean areas associated with each stent pair were compared and significance evaluated by a t-test. A statistically significant difference was found when the area excluded by adjacent Wallstents was compared with both the Luminexx and SMART stents (p < 0.001 and p < 0.002, respectively). The difference in the area excluded and differences in conformation might play a role in the lower patencies that have been observed in 'kissing' stent series.

Hughes, Marion; Forauer, Andrew R. [University of Michigan Medical Center, Section of Vascular and Interventional Radiology (United States)], E-mail: andrew.r.forauer@hitchcock.org; Lindh, Mats [University Hospital MAS, Radiology Department (Sweden); Cwikiel, Wojciech [University of Michigan Medical Center, Section of Vascular and Interventional Radiology (United States)

2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

318

A Precision Measurement of the Inclusive ep Scattering Cross Section at HERA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A measurement of the inclusive deep-inelastic neutral current e+p scattering cross section is reported in the region of four-momentum transfer squared, 12<=Q^2<=150 GeV^2, and Bjorken x, 2x10^-4<=x<=0.1. The results are based on data collected by the H1 Collaboration at the ep collider HERA at positron and proton beam energies of E_e=27.6 GeV and E_p=920 GeV, respectively. The data are combined with previously published data, taken at E_p=820 GeV. The accuracy of the combined measurement is typically in the range of 1.3-2%. A QCD analysis at next-to-leading order is performed to determine the parton distributions in the proton based on H1 data.

Aaron, F D; Alimujiang, K; Andreev, V; Antunovic, B; Asmone, A; Backovic, S; Baghdasaryan, A; Barrelet, E; Bartel, W; Begzsuren, K; Belousov, A; Bizot, J C; Boudry, V; Bozovic-Jelisavcic, I; Bracinik, J; Brandt, G; Brinkmann, M; Brisson, V; Bruncko, D; Bunyatyan, A; Buschhorn, G; Bystritskaya, L; Campbell, A J; Cantun Avila, K B; Cassol-Brunner, F; Cerny, K; Cerny, V; Chekelian, V; Cholewa, A; Contreras, J G; Coughlan, J A; Cozzika, G; Cvach, J; Dainton, J B; Daum, K; Deak, M; de Boer, Y; Delcourt, B; Del Degan, M; Delvax, J; De Roeck, A; De Wolf, E A; Diaconu, C; Dodonov, V; Dossanov, A; Dubak, A; Eckerlin, G; Efremenko, V; Egli, S; Eliseev, A; Elsen, E; Falkiewicz, A; Faulkner, P J W; Favart, L; Fedotov, A; Felst, R; Feltesse, J; Ferencei, J; Fischer, D J; Fleischer, M; Fomenko, A; Gabathuler, E; Gayler, J; Ghazaryan, S; Glazov, A; Glushkov, I; Goerlich, L; Gogitidze, N; Gouzevitch, M; Grab, C; Greenshaw, T; Grell, B R; Grindhammer, G; Habib, S; Haidt, D; Helebrant, C; Henderson, R C W; Hennekemper, E; Henschel, H; Herbst, M; Herrera, G; Hildebrandt, M; Hiller, K H; Hoffmann, D; Horisberger, R; Hreus, T; Jacquet, M; Janssen, M E; Janssen, X; Jemanov, V; Jonsson, L; Jung, Andreas Werner; Jung, H; Kapichine, M; Katzy, J; Kenyon, I R; Kiesling, C; Klein, M; Kleinwort, C; Kluge, T; Knutsson, A; Kogler, R; Korbel, V; Kostka, P; Kraemer, M; Krastev, K; Kretzschmar, J; Kropivnitskaya, A; Kruger, K; Kutak, K; Landon, M P J; Lange, W; Lastovicka-Medin, G; Laycock, P; Lebedev, A; Leibenguth, G; Lendermann, V; Levonian, S; Li, G; Lipka, K; Liptaj, A; List, B; List, J; Loktionova, N; Lopez-Fernandez, R; Lubimov, V; Lytkin, L; Makankine, A; Malinovski, E; Marage, P; Marti, Ll; Martyn, H U.; Maxfield, S J; Mehta, A; Meyer, A B; Meyer, H; Meyer, H; Meyer, J; Michels, V; Mikocki, S; Milcewicz-Mika, I; Moreau, F; Morozov, A; Morris, J V; Mozer, Matthias Ulrich; Mudrinic, M; Muller, K; Murin, P; Naroska, B; Naumann, Th; Newman, P R; Niebuhr, C; Nikiforov, A; Nowak, G; Nowak, K; Nozicka, M; Olivier, B; Olsson, J E; Osman, S; Ozerov, D; Palichik, V; Panagoulias, I; Pandurovic, M; Papadopoulou, Th; Pascaud, C; Patel, G D; Pejchal, O; Perez, E; Petrukhin, A; Picuric, I; Piec, S; Pitzl, D; Placakyte, R; Pokorny, B; Polifka, R; Povh, B; Preda, T; Radescu, V; Rahmat, A J; Raicevic, N; Raspiareza, A; Ravdandorj, T; Reimer, P; Rizvi, E; Robmann, P; Roland, B; Roosen, R; Rostovtsev, A; Rotaru, M; Ruiz Tabasco, J E; Rurikova, Z; Rusakov, S; Salek, D; Sankey, D P C; Sauter, M; Sauvan, E; Schmitt, S; Schmitz, C; Schoeffel, L; Schoning, A; Schultz-Coulon, H C; Sefkow, F; Shaw-West, R N; Sheviakov, I; Shtarkov, L N; Shushkevich, S; Sloan, T; Smiljanic, Ivan; Soloviev, Y; Sopicki, P; South, D; Spaskov, V; Specka, Arnd E; Staykova, Z; Steder, M; Stella, B; Stoicea, G; Straumann, U.; Sunar, D; Sykora, T; Tchoulakov, V; Thompson, G; Thompson, P D; Toll, T; Tomasz, F; Tran, T H; Traynor, D; Trinh, T N; Truol, P; Tsakov, I; Tseepeldorj, B; Turnau, J; Urban, K; Valkarova, A; Vallee, C; Van Mechelen, P; Vargas Trevino, A; Vazdik, Y; Vinokurova, S; Volchinski, V; von den Driesch, M; Wegener, D; Wallny, R; Wissing, Ch; Wunsch, E; Zacek, J; Zalesak, J; Zhang, Z; Zhokin, A; Zimmermann, T; Zohrabyan, H; Zomer, F; Zus, R; 10.1140/epjc/s10052-009-1169-x

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Recent developments pertinent to processing of ENDF/B-6 type resonance cross section data.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In view of our increasing dependence on computations rather than construction and operation of more costly experimental facilities, the rigor and accuracy achievable by calculational methods certainly deserve more attention. This is particularly so for the Monte Carlo methods which are generally regarded as the ultimate computational standard for the entire nuclear community around the globe. One obvious question that one may raise is whether the numerical algorithms deployed to process cross sections accurately reflect the rigor of the state-of-the-art nuclear data. The case in point is particularly essential in the resolved and the unresolved resonance regions, which constitute the most demanding task in all processing codes for reactor applications. For the resolved energy region, the point-wise cross sections are highly fluctuating functions of energy and temperature. In light of the availability of a large body of resonance data spanning over the much expanded energy ranges for most of major nuclides, critical examinations and improvement where appropriate, of the existing methods are apparently in order. For the unresolved energy region, improvement of traditional methods based on statistical approaches for treating the self-shielding effects is also desirable. From the perspective of the Monte Carlo approach, an alternative means for generating the probability tables without the inevitable difficulties associated with statistical uncertainties and/or those with concerns of uniqueness is needed. The accuracy considerations provide the motivation for the recent efforts at ANL to upgrade the existing VIMB processing code developed in early 70's in order to deal processing codes with these issues. Various tasks of upgrading are still at various stages of development. The purpose of this paper is to present an up-to-date account of the work in progress.

Hwang, R. N.

1998-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

320

Neutral Current Coherent Cross Sections- Implications on Gaseous Spherical TPC's for detecting SN and Earth neutrinos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The detection of galactic supernova (SN) neutrinos represents one of the future frontiers of low-energy neutrino physics and astrophysics. The neutron coherence of neutral currents (NC) allows quite large cross sections in the case of neutron rich targets, which can be exploited in detecting earth and sky neutrinos by measuring nuclear recoils. A core-collapse supernova represents one of the most powerful source of (anti)neutrinos in the Universe. These (NC) cross sections are not dependent on flavor conversions and, thus, their measurement will provide useful information about the neutrino source. In particular the case of SN they will yield information about the primary neutrino fluxes, i.e. before flavor conversions in neutrino sphere. The advantages of large gaseous low threshold and high resolution time projection counters (TPC) detectors TPC detectors will be discussed. These are especially promising since they are expected to be relatively cheap and easy to maintain. The information thus obtained can also be useful to other flavor sensitive detectors, e.g. the large liquid scintillation detectors like LENA. All together such detectors will provide invaluable information on the astrophysics of core-collapse explosion and on the neutrino mixing parameters. In particular, neutrino flavor transitions in SN envelope might be sensitive to the value of theta-{13} and to the unknown neutrino mass hierarchy. Till a real SN explosion is detected, one can use available earth neutrino sources with similar energy spectra to test the behavior of these detectors. Among them, the ORNL Neutron Spallation source (SNS) and boosted radioactive neutrino beams are good candidates.

J. D. Vergados

2011-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

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321

Nuclear transparency and effective kaon-nucleon cross section from the A(e, e'K+) reaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have determined the transparency of the nuclear medium to kaons from $A(e,e^{'} K^{+})$ measurements on $^{12}$C, $^{63}$Cu, and $^{197}$Au targets. The measurements were performed at the Jefferson Laboratory and span a range in four-momentum-transfer squared Q$^2$=1.1 -- 3.0 GeV$^2$. The nuclear transparency was defined as the ratio of measured kaon electroproduction cross sections with respect to deuterium, ($\\sigma^{A}/\\sigma^{D}$). We further extracted the atomic number ($A$) dependence of the transparency as parametrized by $T= (A/2)^{\\alpha-1}$ and, within a simple model assumption, the in-medium effective kaon-nucleon cross sections. The effective cross sections extracted from the electroproduction data are found to be smaller than the free cross sections determined from kaon-nucleon scattering experiments, and the parameter $\\alpha$ was found to be significantly larger than those obtained from kaon-nucleus scattering. We have included similar comparisons between pion- and proton-nucleon effective cross sections as determined from electron scattering experiments, and pion-nucleus and proton-nucleus scattering data.

Nuruzzaman; D. Dutta; J. Arrington; R. Asaturyan; F. Benmokhtar; W. Boeglin; P. Bosted; A. Bruell; B. Clasie; M. E. Christy; E. Chudakov; M. M. Dalton; A. Daniel; D. Day; L. El Fassi; R. Ent; H. C. Fenker; J. Ferrer; N. Fomin; H. Gao; K. Garrow; D. Gaskel; C. Gray; T. Horn; G. M. Huber; M. K. Jones; N. Kalantarians; C. E. Keppel; K. Kramer; Y. Li; Y. Liang; A. F. Lung; S. Malace; P. Markowitz; A. Matsumura; D. G. Meekins; T. Mertens; T. Miyoshi; H. Mkrtchyan; R. Monson; T. Navasardyan; G. Niculescu; I. Niculescu; Y. Okayasu; A. K. Opper; C. Perdrisat; V. Punjabi; X. Qian; A. W. Rauf; V. M. Rodriquez; D. Rohe; J. Seely; E. Segbefia; G. R. Smith; M. Sumihama; V. Tadevosyan; L. Tang; V. Tvaskis; W. F. Vulcan; F. R. Wesselmann; S. A. Wood; L. Yuan; X. C. Zheng

2011-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

322

Measurement of the Inclusive Upsilon production cross section in pp collisions at sqrt(s)=7 TeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Upsilon production cross section in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV is measured using a data sample collected with the CMS detector at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3.1 +/- 0.3 inverse picobarns. Integrated over the rapidity range |y|<2, we find the product of the Upsilon(1S) production cross section and branching fraction to dimuons to be sigma(pp to Upsilon(1S) X) B(Upsilon(1S) to mu+ mu-) = 7.37 +/- 0.13^{+0.61}_{-0.42}\\pm 0.81 nb, where the first uncertainty is statistical, the second is systematic, and the third is associated with the estimation of the integrated luminosity of the data sample. This cross section is obtained assuming unpolarized Upsilon(1S) production. If the Upsilon(1S) production polarization is fully transverse or fully longitudinal the cross section changes by about 20%. We also report the measurement of the Upsilon(1S), Upsilon(2S), and Upsilon(3S) differential cross sections as a function of transverse momentum and rapidity.

Khachatryan, Vardan; et al.

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

$^{62}$Ni($n,?$) and $^{63}$Ni($n,?$) cross sections measured at n_TOF/CERN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The cross section of the $^{62}$Ni($n,\\gamma$) reaction was measured with the time-of-flight technique at the neutron time-of-flight facility n_TOF at CERN. Capture kernels of 42 resonances were analyzed up to 200~keV neutron energy and Maxwellian averaged cross sections (MACS) from $kT=5-100$ keV were calculated. With a total uncertainty of 4.5%, the stellar cross section is in excellent agreement with the the KADoNiS compilation at $kT=30$ keV, while being systematically lower up to a factor of 1.6 at higher stellar temperatures. The cross section of the $^{63}$Ni($n,\\gamma$) reaction was measured for the first time at n_TOF. We determined unresolved cross sections from 10 to 270 keV with a systematic uncertainty of 17%. These results provide fundamental constraints on $s$-process production of heavier species, especially the production of Cu in massive stars, which serve as the dominant source of Cu in the solar system.

C. Lederer; C. Massimi; E. Berthoumieux; N. Colonna; R. Dressler; C. Guerrero; F. Gunsing; F. Käppeler; N. Kivel; M. Pignatari; R. Reifarth; D. Schumann; A. Wallner; S. Altstadt; S. Andriamonje; J. Andrzejewski; L. Audouin; M. Barbagallo; V. Becares; F. Becvar; F. Belloni; B. Berthier; J. Billowes; V. Boccone; D. Bosnar; M. Brugger; M. Calviani; F. Calvino; D. Cano-Ott; C. Carrapico; F. Cerutti; E. Chiaveri; M. Chin; G. Cortes; M. A. Cortes-Giraldo; I. Dillmann; C. Domingo-Pardo; I. Duran; N. Dzysiuk; C. Eleftheriadis; M. Fernandez-Ordonez; A. Ferrari; K. Fraval; S. Ganesan; A. R. Garc?a; G. Giubrone; M. B. Gomez-Hornillos; I. F. Goncalves; E. Gonzalez-Romero; F. Gramegna; E. Griesmayer; P. Gurusamy; S. Harrisopulos; M. Heil; K. Ioannides; D. G. Jenkins; E. Jericha; Y. Kadi; D. Karadimos; G. Korschinek; M. Krticka; J. Kroll; C. Langer; E. Lebbos; H. Leeb; L. S. Leong; R. Losito; M. Lozano; A. Manousos; J. Marganiec; S. Marrone; T. Martinez; P. F. Mastinu; M. Mastromarco; M. Meaze; E. Mendoza; A. Mengoni; P. M. Milazzo; F. Mingrone; M. Mirea; W. Mondalaers; C. Paradela; A. Pavlik; J. Perkowski; R. Plag; A. Plompen; J. Praena; J. M. Quesada; T. Rauscher; A. Riego; F. Roman; C. Rubbia; R. Sarmento; P. Schillebeeckx; S. Schmidt; G. Tagliente; J. L. Tain; D. Tarr?o; L. Tassan-Got; A. Tsinganis; L. Tlustos; S. Valenta; G. Vannini; V. Variale; P. Vaz; A. Ventura; M. J. Vermeulen; R. Versaci; V. Vlachoudis; R. Vlastou; T. Ware; M. Weigand; C. Weiß; T. J. Wright; P. Zugec

2014-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

324

Measurement of the ZZ production cross section in p p? collisions at ?s=1.96 TeV  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

The authors present a new measurement of the production cross section ?(pp? = ZZ) at a center-of-mass energy ?s = 1.96 TeV, obtained from the analysis of the four charged lepton final state ?+?-?`+?`- (?, ?` = e or ?). They observe ten candidate events with an expected background of 0.37 ± 0.13 events. The measured cross section ?(pp? =ZZ) = 1.26-0.37+0.47 (stat) ± 0.14 (syst) pb is in agreement with NLO QCD predictions. This result is combined with a previous result from the ZZ = ?+?- ??? channel resulting in a combined cross section of ?(pp? = ZZ) = 1.40-0.37+0.43 (stat) ±0.14 (syst) pb.

Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich [Dubna, JINR; Abbott, Braden Keim [Oklahoma U.; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath [Tata Inst.; Adams, Mark Raymond [Illinois U., Chicago; Adams, Todd [Florida State U.; Alexeev, Guennadi D [Dubna, JINR; Alkhazov, Georgiy D [St. Petersburg, INP; Alton, Andrew K [Michigan U.; Augustana Coll., Sioux Falls; Alverson, George O [/Northeastern U.; Alves, Gilvan Augusto [Rio de Janeiro, CBPF; Ancu, Lucian Stefan [Nijmegen U.; Fermilab

2011-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

325

Extracting (n,g) direct capture cross sections from Coulomb dissociation: application to $^{14}$C(n,$?$)$^{15}$C  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A methodology for extracting neutron direct capture rates from Coulomb dissociation data is developed and applied to the Coulomb dissociation of 15C on 208Pb at 68 MeV/nucleon. Full Continuum Discretized Coupled Channel calculations are performed and an asymptotic normalization coefficient is determined from a fit to the breakup data. Direct neutron capture calculations using the extracted asymptotic normalization coefficient provide $(n,\\gamma)$ cross sections consistent with direct measurements. Our results show that the Coulomb Dissociation data can be reliably used for extracting the cross section for 14C(n,g)15C if the appropriate reaction theory is used. The resulting error bars are of comparable magnitude to those from the direct measurement. This procedure can be used more generally to extract capture cross sections from breakup reactions whenever the desired capture process is fully peripheral.

N. C. Summers; F. M. Nunes

2008-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

326

Measurement of the ZZ production cross section in p p? collisions at ?s=1.96 TeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors present a new measurement of the production cross section ?(pp? = ZZ) at a center-of-mass energy ?s = 1.96 TeV, obtained from the analysis of the four charged lepton final state ?+?-?`+?`- (?, ?` = e or ?). They observe ten candidate events with an expected background of 0.37 ± 0.13 events. The measured cross section ?(pp? =ZZ) = 1.26-0.37+0.47 (stat) ± 0.14 (syst) pb is in agreement with NLO QCD predictions. This result is combined with a previous result from the ZZ = ?+?- ??? channel resulting in a combined cross section of ?(pp? = ZZ) = 1.40-0.37+0.43 (stat) ±0.14 (syst) pb.

Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich [Dubna, JINR; Abbott, Braden Keim [Oklahoma U.; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath [Tata Inst.; Adams, Mark Raymond [Illinois U., Chicago; Adams, Todd [Florida State U.; Alexeev, Guennadi D [Dubna, JINR; Alkhazov, Georgiy D [St. Petersburg, INP; Alton, Andrew K [Michigan U.; Augustana Coll., Sioux Falls; Alverson, George O [/Northeastern U.; Alves, Gilvan Augusto [Rio de Janeiro, CBPF; Ancu, Lucian Stefan [Nijmegen U.; Fermilab

2011-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

327

Anomaly in the K^0_S Sigma^+ photoproduction cross section off the proton at the K* threshold  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The $\\gamma + p \\rightarrow K^0 + \\Sigma^+$ photoproduction reaction is investigated in the energy region from threshold to $E_\\gamma = 2250$\\,MeV. The differential cross section exhibits increasing forward-peaking with energy, but only up to the $K^*$ threshold. Beyond, it suddenly returns to a flat distribution with the forward cross section dropping by a factor of four. In the total cross section a pronounced structure is observed between the $K^*\\Lambda$ and $K^*\\Sigma$ thresholds. It is speculated whether this signals the turnover of the reaction mechanism from t-channel exchange below the $K^*$ production threshold to an s-channel mechanism associated with the formation of a dynamically generated $K^*$-hyperon intermediate state.

R. Ewald; A. V. Anisovich; B. Bantes; O. Bartholomy; D. Bayadilov; R. Beck; Y. A. Beloglazov; K. -T. Brinkmann; V. Crede; H. Dutz; D. Elsner; K. Fornet-Ponse; F. Frommberger; Ch. Funke; A. B. Gridnev; E. Gutz; W. Hillert; J. Hannappel; P. Hoffmeister; I. Jaegle; O. Jahn; T. Jude; J. Junkersfeld; H. Kalinowsky; S. Kammer; V. Kleber; Frank Klein; Friedrich Klein; E. Klempt; B. Krusche; M. Lang; H. Löhner; I. V. Lopatin; D. Menze; T. Mertens; J. G. Messchendorp; V. Metag; M. Nanova; V. A. Nikonov; D. Novinski; R. Novotny; M. Ostrick; L. Pant; H. van Pee; A. Roy; A. V. Sarantsev; S. Schadmand; Ch. Schmidt; H. Schmieden; B. Schoch; S. Shende; V. Sokhoyan; A. Süle; V. V. Sumachev; T. Szczepanek; U. Thoma; D. Trnka; R. Varma; D. Walther; Ch. Wendel

2011-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

328

Measurement of the Differential Cross Section for Isolated Prompt Photon Production in pp Collisions at 7 TeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A measurement of the differential cross section for the inclusive production of isolated prompt photons in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV is presented. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 36 inverse picobarns recorded by the CMS detector at the LHC. The measurement covers the pseudorapidity range |eta|<2.5 and the transverse energy range 25 < ET < 400 GeV, corresponding to the kinematic region 0.007 < xT < 0.114. Photon candidates are identified with two complementary methods, one based on photon conversions in the silicon tracker and the other on isolated energy deposits in the electromagnetic calorimeter. The measured cross section is presented as a function of ET in four pseudorapidity regions. The next-to-leading-order perturbative QCD calculations are consistent with the measured cross section.

Chatrchyan, S. [Yerevan Physics Institute (Armenia); et al.,

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Probing the isospin dependence of the in-medium nucleon-nucleon cross sections with radioactive beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Within a transport model we search for potential probes of the isospin dependence of the in-medium nucleon-nucleon (NN) cross sections. Traditional measures of the nuclear stopping power are found sensitive to the magnitude but they are ambiguous for determining the isospin dependence of the in-medium NN cross sections. It is shown that isospin tracers, such as the neutron/proton ratio of free nucleons, at backward rapidities/angles in nuclear reactions induced by radioactive beams in inverse kinematics is a sensitive probe of the isospin dependence of the in-medium NN cross sections. At forward rapidities/angles, on the other hand, they are more sensitive to the density dependence of the symmetry energy. Measurements of the rapidity/angular dependence of the isospin transport in nuclear reactions will enable a better understanding of the isospin dependence of in-medium nuclear effective interactions.

Bao-An Li; Pawel Danielewicz; William G. Lynch

2005-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

330

Probing the isospin dependence of the in-medium nucleon-nucleon cross sections with radioactive beams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Within a transport model we search for potential probes of the isospin dependence of the in-medium nucleon-nucleon (NN ) cross sections. Traditional measures of the nuclear stopping power are found to be sensitive to the magnitude but they are ambiguous for determining the isospin dependence of the in-medium NN cross sections. It is shown that isospin tracers, such as the neutron/proton ratio of free nucleons, at backward rapidities and angles in nuclear reactions induced by radioactive beams in inverse kinematics are a sensitive probe of the isospin dependence of the in-medium NN cross sections. At forward rapidities and angles, in contrast, they are more sensitive to the density dependence of the symmetry energy. Measurements of the rapidity and angular dependence of the isospin transport in nuclear reactions will enable a better understanding of the isospin dependence of in-medium nuclear effective interactions.

Li Baoan [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory and Department of Physics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); Department of Chemistry and Physics, Post Office Box 419, Arkansas State University, State University, Arkansas 72467-0419 (United States); Danielewicz, Pawel; Lynch, William G. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory and Department of Physics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States)

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Partial doubly differential cross sections for multiple ionization of argon, krypton, and xenon atoms by electron impact  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Partial doubly differential cross sections for multiple ionization d/sup 2/sigma/sup (n)//dE d..cap omega.. of argon, krypton, and xenon by electron impact have been measured as a function of incident electron energy and ejected electron energy, for argon up to Ar/sup 4+/, for krypton up to Kr/sup 5+/, and for xenon up to Xe/sup 8+/. Incident electron energies between 0.5 and 10 keV were used, while the electrons ejected at an angle of 90/sup 0/ to the incident electron direction were detected with energies between 20 and 270 eV. The doubly differential cross section (sum of partial doubly differential cross sections) for ionization for each gas has been compared with experimental data in the literature.

Chaudhry, M.A.; Duncan, A.J.; Hippler, R.; Kleinpoppen, H.

1989-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

332

Measurement of the $WW+WZ$ Production Cross Section Using a Matrix Element Technique in Lepton + Jets Events  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a measurement of the WW + WZ production cross section observed in a final state consisting of an identified electron or muon, two jets, and missing transverse energy. The measurement is carried out in a data sample corresponding to up to 4.6 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV collected by the CDF II detector. Matrix element calculations are used to separate the diboson signal from the large backgrounds. The WW + WZ cross section is measured to be 17.4 {+-} 3.3 pb, in agreement with standard model predictions. A fit to the dijet invariant mass spectrum yields a compatible cross section measurement.

Aaltonen, T.; /Helsinki Inst. of Phys.; Alvarez Gonzalez, B.; /Oviedo U. /Cantabria Inst. of Phys.; Amerio, S.; /INFN, Padua; Amidei, D.; /Michigan U.; Anastassov, A.; /Northwestern U.; Annovi, A.; /Frascati; Antos, J.; /Comenius U.; Apollinari, G.; /Fermilab; Appel, J.A.; /Fermilab; Apresyan, A.; /Purdue U.; Arisawa, T.; /Waseda U. /Dubna, JINR

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Updated Users' Guide for RSAP -- A Code for Display and Manipulation of Neutron Cross Section Data and SAMMY Fit Results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

RSAP [1] is a computer code for display and manipulation of neutron cross section data and selected SAMMY output. SAMMY [2] is a multilevel R-matrix code for fitting neutron time-of-flight cross-section data using Bayes' method. This users' guide provides documentation for the recently updated RSAP code (version 6). The code has been ported to the Linux platform, and several new features have been added, including the capability to read cross section data from ASCII pointwise ENDF files as well as double-precision PLT output from SAMMY. A number of bugs have been found and corrected, and the input formats have been improved. Input items are parsed so that items may be separated by spaces or commas.

Sayer, R.O.

2003-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

334

Experimental Cross Sections for Reactions of Heavy Ions and 208Pb, 209Bi, 238U, and 248Cm Targets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The study of the reactions between heavy ions and {sup 208}Pb, {sup 209}Bi, {sup 238}U, and {sup 248} Cm targets was performed to look at the differences between the cross sections of hot and cold fusion reactions. Experimental cross sections were compared with predictions from statistical computer codes to evaluate the effectiveness of the computer code in predicting production cross sections. Hot fusion reactions were studied with the MG system, catcher foil techniques and the Berkeley Gas-filled Separator (BGS). 3n- and 4n-exit channel production cross sections were obtained for the {sup 238}U({sup 18}O,xn){sup 256-x}Fm, {sup 238}U({sup 22}Ne,xn){sup 260-x}No, and {sup 248}Cm({sup 15}N,xn){sup 263-x}Lr reactions and are similar to previous experimental results. The experimental cross sections were accurately modeled by the predictions of the HIVAP code using the Reisdorf and Schaedel parameters and are consistent with the existing systematics of 4n exit channel reaction products. Cold fusion reactions were examined using the BGS. The {sup 208}Pb({sup 48}Ca,xn){sup 256-x}No, {sup 208}Pb({sup 50}Ti,xn){sup 258-x}Rf, {sup 208}Pb({sup 51}V,xn){sup 259-x}Db, {sup 209}Bi({sup 50}Ti,xn){sup 259-x}Db, and {sup 209}Bi({sup 51}V,xn){sup 260-x}Sg reactions were studied. The experimental production cross sections are in agreement with the results observed in previous experiments. It was necessary to slightly alter the Reisdorf and Schaedel parameters for use in the HIVAP code in order to more accurately model the experimental data. The cold fusion experimental results are in agreement with current 1n- and 2n-exit channel systematics.

Patin, Joshua B.

2002-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

335

Neutron-photon multigroup cross sections for neutron energies less than or equal to400 MeV. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For a variety of applications, e.g., accelerator shielding design, neutrons in radiotherapy, radiation damage studies, etc., it is necessary to carry out transport calculations involving medium-energy (greater than or equal to20 MeV) neutrons. A previous paper described neutron-photon multigroup cross sections in the ANISN format for neutrons from thermal to 400 MeV. In the present paper the cross-section data presented previously have been revised to make them agree with available experimental data. 7 refs., 1 fig.

Alsmiller, R.G. Jr.; Barnes, J.M.; Drischler, J.D.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Study of Neutron-Induced Fission Cross Sections of U, Am, and Cm at n{sub T}OF  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neutron induced fission cross sections of several isotopes have been measured at the CERN n{sub T}OF spallation neutron facility. Between them some measurements involve isotopes ({sup 233}U, {sup 241}Am, {sup 243}Am, {sup 245}Cm) relevant for applications to nuclear technologies. The n{sub T}OF facility delivers neutrons with high instantaneous flux and in a wide energy range, from thermal up to 250 MeV. The experimental apparatus consists of an ionization chamber that discriminates fission fragments and {alpha} particles coming from natural radioactivity of the samples. All the measurements were performed referring to the standard cross section of {sup 235}U.

Milazzo, P. M.; Abbondanno, U.; Belloni, F.; Fujii, K. [INFN, Trieste (Italy); Aerts, G.; Andriamonje, S.; Berthoumieux, E.; Dridi, W.; Ferrant, L.; Gunsing, F.; Pancin, J.; Perrot, L.; Plukis, A.; Stephan, C.; Tassan-Got, L. [CNRS/IN2P3-IPN, Orsay (France); Alvarez, H.; Duran, I.; Paradela, C. [Universidade de Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Alvarez-Velarde, F.; Cano-Ott, D. [CIEMAT, Madrid (Spain)

2010-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

337

Macroscopic cross section generation and application for coupled spatial kinetics and thermal hydraulics analysis with SAS-DIF3DK  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the importance of modeling the transient behavior of multigroup cross sections in the context of coupled reactor physics and thermal-hydraulic computations with the SAS-DIF3DK computer code. The MACOEF macroscopic cross section methodology is presented. Results from benchmark verification calculations with a continuous-energy Monte Carlo are reported. Analysis of the Chernobyl accident is made using correlated WIMS-D4M generated group constants with special emphasis placed on the impact of modeling assumptions on the progression of the accident simulation.

Turski, R.B.; Morris, E.E.; Taiwo, T.A.; Cahalan, J.E.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

The Effect of Proton Energy on SEU Cross-Section of a 16Mbit TFT PMOS SRAM with DRAM Capacitors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proton experimental data are analyzed for a 16-Mbit Thin-Film-Transistor (TFT) PMOS Static Random Access Memory (SRAM) with DRAM capacitors. The presence of high-Z materials as tungsten causes an unusual increase of the Single Event Upset (SEU) proton cross-section for the energies above 100MeV. Monte-Carlo simulations reproduce the experimentally measured cross-sections up to 480MeV and predict a further increase up to GeV energies. The implications of this increase are analyzed in the context of the LHC and other radiation environments where a significant fraction of the fluence lies above 100MeV.

Slawosz, Uznanski; Ewart, Blackmore; Markus, Brugger; Remi, Gaillard; Julien, Mekki; Benjamin, Todd; Michael, Trinczek; Andrea, Vilar Villanueva

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

How to determine experimentally the K+ nucleus potential and the K+ N rescattering cross section in a hadronic environment?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparing K+ spectra at low transverse momenta for different symmetric collision systems at beam energies around 1 AGeV allows for a direct determination of both the strength of the K+ nucleus potential as well as of the K+N rescattering cross section in a hadronic environment. Other little known or unknown quantities which enter the K+ dynamics, like the production cross sections of K+ mesons or the hadronic equation of state, do not spoil this signal as they cancel by using ratios of spectra. This procedure is based on transport model calculations using the Isospin Quantum Molecular Dynamics (IQMD) model which describes the available data quantitatively.

C. Hartnack; A. Sood; H. Oeschler; J. Aichelin

2010-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

340

Ratio of absorption cross section for Dirac fermion to that for scalar in the higher-dimensional black hole background  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ratio of the low-energy absorption cross section for Dirac fermion to that for minimally coupled scalar is computed when the spacetimes are various types of the higher-dimensional Reissner-Nordstr\\"{o}m black holes. It is found that the low-energy absorption cross sections for the Dirac fermion always goes to zero in the extremal limit regardless of the detailed geometry of the spacetime. The physical importance of our results is discussed in the context of the brane-world scenarios and string theories.

Eylee Jung; SungHoon Kim; D. K. Park

2005-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

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341

Measurement of the ttbar production cross section in the MET+jets channel at CDF  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This thesis is focused on an inclusive search of the t{bar t} {yields} E{sub T} + jets decay channel by means of neural network tools in proton antiproton collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV recorded by the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF). At the Tevatron p{bar p} collider top quarks are mainly produced in pairs through quark-antiquark annihilation and gluon-gluon fusion processes; in the Standard Model description, the top quark then decays to a W boson and a b quark almost 100% of the times, so that its decay signatures are classified according to the W decay modes. When only one W decays leptonically, the t{bar t} event typically contains a charged lepton, missing transverse energy due to the presence of a neutrino escaping from the detector, and four high transverse momentum jets, two of which originate from b quarks. In this thesis we describe a t{bar t} production cross section measurement which uses data collected by a 'multijet' trigger, and selects this kind of top decays by requiring a high-P{sub T} neutrino signature and by using an optimized neural network to discriminate top quark pair production from backgrounds. In Chapter 1, a brief review of the Standard Model of particle physics will be discussed, focusing on top quark properties and experimental signatures. In Chapter 2 will be presented an overview of the Tevatron accelerator chain that provides p{bar p} collisions at the center-of-mass energy of {radical}s = 1.96 TeV, and proton and antiproton beams production procedure will be discussed. The CDF detector and its components and subsystems used for the study of p{bar p} collisions provided by the Tevatron will be described in Chapter 3. Chapter 4 will detail the reconstruction procedures used in CDF to detect physical objects exploiting the features of the different detector subsystems. Chapter 5 will provide an overview of the main concepts regarding Artificial Neural Networks, one of the most important tools we will use in the analysis. Chapter 6 will be devoted to the description of the main characteristics of the t{bar t} {yields} E{sub T} + jets decay channel used to train our neural network to discriminate the top pair production from background processes. We will discuss the event selection method and the technique used for background prediction, that will rely on b-jets identification rate parameterization. Finally, Chapter 7 will provide a description of the final data sample and a detailed discussion of the systematic uncertainties before determining the cross section measurement by means of a likelihood maximization.

Compostella, Gabriele; /INFN, Trento

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

COMBINE7.1 - A Portable ENDF/B-VII.0 Based Neutron Spectrum and Cross-Section Generation Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

COMBINE7.1 is a FORTRAN 90 computer code that generates multigroup neutron constants for use in the deterministic diffusion and transport theory neutronics analysis. The cross-section database used by COMBINE7.1 is derived from the Evaluated Nuclear Data Files (ENDF/B-VII.0). The neutron energy range covered is from 20 MeV to 1.0E-5 eV. The Los Alamos National Laboratory NJOY code is used as the processing code to generate a 167 fine-group cross-section library in MATXS format for Bondarenko self-shielding treatment. Resolved resonance parameters are extracted from ENDF/B-VII.0 File 2 for a separate library to be used in an alternate Nordheim self-shielding treatment in the resolved resonance energy range. The equations solved for energy dependent neutron spectrum in the 167 fine-group structure are the B3 or B1 zero-dimensional approximations to the transport equation. The fine group cross sections needed for the spectrum calculation are first prepared by Bondarenko self-shielding interpolation in terms of background cross section and temperature. The geometric lump effect, when present, is accounted for by augmenting the background cross section. Nordheim self-shielded fine group cross sections for a material having resolved resonance parameters overwrite correspondingly the existing self-shielded fine group cross sections when this option is used. COMBINE7.1 coalesces fine group cross sections into broad group macroscopic and microscopic constants. The coalescing is performed by utilizing fine-group fluxes and/or currents obtained by spectrum calculation as the weighting functions. The multigroup constants may be output in any of several standard formats including INL format, ANISN 14** free format, CCCC ISOTXS format, and AMPX working library format. ANISN-PC, a one-dimensional (1-D) discrete-ordinate transport code, is incorporated into COMBINE7.1. As an option, the 167 fine-group constants generated by zero-dimensional COMBINE portion in the program can be used to calculate regionwise spectra in the 1-D ANISN portion, all internally to reflect the 1-D transport correction. The regionwise spectra are then used to generate mutigroup regionwise neutron constants. The 1-D neutron transport can be performed up to three stages, e.g., from a TRISO fuel to PEBBLE to 1-D full core wedge. In addition, COMBINE7.1 has now the capability of adjoint flux calculation through the 1-D ANISN transport. Photon transport capability is also added. For this, a photon production and photo-atomic cross section library, MATNG.LIB, was generated in MATXS format through NJOY code. The photon production cross section matrix is of 167 neutron - 18 photon groups. Photo-atomic cross sections, including heating, are in 18 energy groups.

Woo Y. Yoon; David W. Nigg

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Acoustic scattering by elastic cylinders of elliptical cross-section and splitting up of resonances  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The scattering of a plane acoustic wave by an infinite elastic cylinder of elliptical cross section is studied from a modal formalism by emphasizing the role of the symmetries. More precisely, as the symmetry is broken in the transition from the infinite circular cylinder to the elliptical one, the splitting up of resonances is observed both theoretically and experimentally. This phenomenon can be interpreted using group theory. The main difficulty stands in the application of this theory within the framework of the vectorial formalism in elastodynamics. This method significantly simplifies the numerical treatment of the problem, provides a full classification of the resonances, and gives a physical interpretation of the splitting up in terms of symmetry breaking. An experimental part based on ultrasonic spectroscopy complements the theoretical study. A series of tank experiments is carried out in the case of aluminium elliptical cylinders immersed in water, in the frequency range 0???kr???50, where kr is the reduced wave number in the fluid. The symmetry is broken by selecting various cylinders of increasing eccentricity. More precisely, the greater the eccentricity, the higher the splitting up of resonances is accentuated. The experimental results provide a very good agreement with the theoretical ones, the splitting up is observed on experimental form functions, and the split resonant modes are identified on angular diagrams.

Ancey, S., E-mail: ancey@univ-corse.fr; Bazzali, E., E-mail: ebazzali@univ-corse.fr; Gabrielli, P., E-mail: gabrieli@univ-corse.fr; Mercier, M., E-mail: mercier@univ-corse.fr [UMR CNRS 6134 SPE, Faculté des Sciences, Université de Corse, F-20250 Corte (France)

2014-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

344

Differential cross sections for gamma + p --> K^+ + Y for Lambda and Sigma^0 hyperons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High-statistics cross sections for the reactions {gamma} + p {yields} K{sup +} + {Lambda} and {gamma} + p {yields} K{sup +} + {Sigma}{sup 0} have been measured using CLAS at Jefferson Lab for center-of-mass energies W between 1.6 and 2.53 GeV, and for -0.85 < cos {theta}{sub K{sup +}}{sup c.m.} < +0.95. In the K{sup +}{Lambda} channel we confirm a resonance-like structure near W=1.9 GeV at backward kaon angles. The position and width of this structure change with angle, indicating that more than one resonance is likely playing a role. The K{sup +} {Lambda} channel at forward angles and all energies is well described by a t-channel scaling characteristic of Regge exchange, while the same scaling applied to the K{sup +} {Sigma}{sup 0} channel is less successful. Several existing theoretical models are compared to the data, but none provide a good representation of the results.

R. Bradford; R.A. Schumacher; J.W.C. McNabb; L. Todor; et. Al.

2005-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

345

Nuclear Reaction Cross-Section Measurements via Characterization of Soft Radiation Emitting Products  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nuclear reaction cross-section measurements via the activation technique are generally made using high-resolution {gamma}-ray spectrometry. However, in cases where the radioactive product decays exclusively by EC (without emitting a {gamma}-ray) resort has to be made to the rather subtle technique of x-ray spectrometry. Similarly for characterisation of pure {beta}- emitters, gas-flow proportional or liquid-scintillation counting is applied. In both cases the use of radiochemical methods is most essential. We studied the natTi(p,xn)49V and 85Rb(p,4n)82Sr reactions via x-ray spectrometry. In each case a clean radiochemical separation was performed and a thin source was prepared. The radioactivity of 49V was determined using the soft 4.5-keV k{alpha} x-rays and that of 82Sr via the 13.4-keV k{alpha} x-rays. In another study, the reactions natTi(p,x)45Ca, 89Y(n,p)89Sr, and natPb(p,x)204Tl were investigated. All the products are pure {beta}- emitters and therefore clean radiochemical separations were mandatory. The radioactivity of each of the three products was determined via low-level anticoincidence {beta}- counting. Furthermore, in the case of 45Ca, liquid-scintillation counting was also used. The results obtained using different techniques are compared.

Kettern, K.; Spahn, I.; Spellerberg, S.; Qaim, S.M.; Coenen, H.H. [Institut fuer Nuklearchemie, Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH, D-52425 Juelich (Germany)

2005-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

346

Measurement of (alpha,n) reaction cross sections of erbium isotopes for testing astrophysical rate predictions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The $\\gamma$-process in core-collapse and/or type Ia supernova explosions is thought to explain the origin of the majority of the so-called $p$ nuclei (the 35 proton-rich isotopes between Se and Hg). Reaction rates for $\\gamma$-process reaction network studies have to be predicted using Hauser-Feshbach statistical model calculations. Recent investigations have shown problems in the prediction of $\\alpha$-widths at astrophysical energies which are an essential input for the statistical model. It has an impact on the reliability of abundance predictions in the upper mass range of the $p$ nuclei. With the measurement of the $^{164,166}$Er($\\alpha$,n)$^{167,169}$Yb reaction cross sections at energies close to the astrophysically relevant energy range we tested the recently suggested low energy modification of the $\\alpha$+nucleus optical potential in a mass region where $\\gamma$-process calculations exhibit an underproduction of the $p$ nuclei. Using the same optical potential for the $\\alpha$-width which was der...

Kiss, G G; Rauscher, T; Török, Zs; Csedreki, L; Fülöp, Zs; Gyürky, Gy; Halász, Z

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Data analysis techniques, differential cross sections, and spin density matrix elements for the reaction ? p ? ?p  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

High-statistics measurements of differential cross sections and spin density matrix elements for the reaction ? p--> ?p have been made using the CLAS detector at Jefferson Lab. We cover center-of-mass energies (?s) from 1.97 to 2.84 GeV, with an extensive coverage in the ? production angle. The high statistics of the data sample made it necessary to carefully account for the interplay between the phi natural lineshape and effects of the detector resolution, that are found to be comparable in magnitude. We study both the charged- (?-->K+K- and neutral- (?-K0SK0L) KK? decay modes of the ?. Further, for the charged mode, we differentiate between the cases where the final K-track is directly detected or its momentum reconstructed as the total missing momentum in the event. The two charged-mode topologies and the neutral-mode have different resolutions and are calibrated against each other. Extensive usage is made of kinematic fitting to improve the reconstructed ? mass resolution. Our final results are reported in 10- and mostly 30-MeV-wide ?s bins for the charged- and the neutral-mode, respectively. Possible effects from K+?* channels with pKK? final-states are discussed. These present results constitute the most precise and extensive ? photoproduction measurements to date and in conjunction with the ? photoproduction results recently published by CLAS, will greatly improve our understanding of low energy vector meson photoproduction. ? p --> ?p

Dey, Biplab [Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Meyer, Curtis A. [Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Bellis, Matt [Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Williams, M. [Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Top quark production cross-section at the Tevatron Run 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The top quark pair production cross-section {sigma}{sub t{bar t}} has been measured in p{bar p} collisions at center of mass energies of 1.96 TeV using Tevatron Run 2 data. In the beginning of Run 2 both CDF and D0 {sigma}{sub t{bar t}} measurements in the dilepton channel t{bar t} {yields} WbW{bar b} {yields} {bar {ell}}{nu}{sub {ell}}b{ell}{prime} {bar {nu}}{sub {ell}{prime}}{bar b} and in the lepton plus jets channel t{bar t} {yields} WbW{bar b} {yields} q{bar q}{prime} b{ell}{bar {nu}}{sub {ell}}{bar b} + {bar {ell}}{nu}{sub {ell}}bq{bar q}{prime} {bar b} agree with the NLO (Next-to-Leading-Order) theoretical predictions. The presence of a top signal in Tevatron data has been reestablished.

S. Cabrera

2003-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

349

Does neutron transfer with positive Q-values enhance sub-barrier fusion cross section?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[Background] Significant enhancement of sub-barrier fusion cross sections owing to neutron rearrangement with positive $Q$-values were found for many combinations of colliding nuclei. However several experimental results on fusion reactions were reported recently in which such enhancement has not been observed in spite of a possibility for neutron rearrangement with positive $Q$-values. [Purpose] We aim to clarify much better the mechanism of neutron rearrangement in sub-barrier fusion reactions to find the other requirements (beside positive $Q$-value) which favour (or prevent) sub-barrier fusion enhancement. [Method] Channel coupling approach along with the semi-classical model for neutron transfer have been used for analysis of available experimental data. [Results] (1) Only 1n and 2n transfers with positive $Q$-values have a noticeable impact on sub-barrier fusion. Positive $Q$-value for neutron rearrangement is necessary but not sufficient requirement for additional sub-barrier fusion enhancement takes place. (2) "Rigidity" of colliding nuclei in respect of collective excitations is important that the sub-barrier fusion enhancement due to neutron rearrangement with positive $Q$-value be clearly visible. (3) Neutron binding energy in "donor" nucleus has a strong impact only in the case of fusion of light weakly bound nuclei.

V. A. Rachkov; A. V. Karpov; A. S. Denikin; V. I. Zagrebaev

2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

350

Automated NNLL+NLO Resummation for Jet-Veto Cross Sections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In electroweak-boson production processes with a jet veto, higher-order corrections are enhanced by logarithms of the veto scale over the invariant mass of the boson system. In this paper, we resum these Sudakov logarithms at next-to-next-to-leading logarithmic (NNLL) accuracy and match our predictions to next-to-leading order (NLO) fixed-order results. We perform the calculation in an automated way, for arbitrary electroweak final states and in the presence of kinematic cuts on the leptons produced in the decays of the electroweak bosons. The resummation is based on a factorization theorem for the cross sections into hard functions, which encode the virtual corrections to the boson production process, and beam functions, which describe the low-p_T emissions collinear to the beams. The one-loop hard functions for arbitrary processes are calculated using the MadGraph5_aMC@NLO framework, while the beam functions are process independent. We perform the resummation for a variety of processes, in particular for W+W- pair production followed by leptonic decays of the W bosons.

Thomas Becher; Rikkert Frederix; Matthias Neubert; Lorena Rothen

2014-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

351

The improvement of the method of equivalent cross section in HTR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Method of Equivalence Cross-Sections (MECS) is a combined transport-diffusion method. By appropriately adjusting the diffusion coefficient of homogenized absorber region, the diffusion theory could yield satisfactory results for the full core model with strong neutron absorber material, for example the control rod in High temperature gas cooled reactor (HTR). Original implementation of MECS based on 1-D cell transport model has some limitation on accuracy and applicability, a new implementation of MECS based on 2-D transport model are proposed and tested in this paper. This improvement can extend the MECS to the calculation of twin small absorber ball system which have a non-circular boring in graphite reflector and different radial position. A least-square algorithm for the calculation of equivalent diffusion coefficient is adopted, and special treatment for diffusion coefficient for higher energy group is proposed in the case that absorber is absent. Numerical results to adopt MECS into control rod calculation in HTR are encouraging. However, there are some problems left. (authors)

Guo, J.; Li, F. [Inst. of Nuclear and New Energy Technology, Tsinghua Univ., Beijing 100084 (China)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

LWR First Recycle of TRU with Thorium Oxide for Transmutation and Cross Sections  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thorium has been considered as an option to uranium-based fuel, based on considerations of resource utilization (thorium is approximately three times more plentiful than uranium) and as a result of concerns about proliferation and waste management (e.g. reduced production of plutonium, etc.). Since the average composition of natural Thorium is dominated (100%) by the fertile isotope Th-232, Thorium is only useful as a resource for breeding new fissile materials, in this case U-233. Consequently a certain amount of fissile material must be present at the start-up of the reactor in order to guarantee its operation. The thorium fuel can be used in both once-through and recycle options, and in both fast and thermal spectrum systems. The present study has been aimed by the necessity of investigating the option of using reprocessed plutonium/TRU, from a once-through reference LEU scenario (50 GWd/ tIHM), mixed with natural thorium and the need of collect data (mass fractions, cross-sections etc.) for this particular fuel cycle scenario. As previously pointed out, the fissile plutonium is needed to guarantee the operation of the reactor. Four different scenarios have been considered: • Thorium – recycled Plutonium; • Thorium – recycled Plutonium/Neptunium; • Thorium – recycled Plutonium/Neptunium/Americium; • Thorium – recycled Transuranic. The calculations have been performed with SCALE6.1-TRITON.

Andrea Alfonsi; Gilles Youinou

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

LWR First Recycle of TRU with Thorium Oxide for Transmutation and Cross Sections  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thorium has been considered as an option to uranium-based fuel, based on considerations of resource utilization (thorium is approximately three times more plentiful than uranium) and as a result of concerns about proliferation and waste management (e.g. reduced production of plutonium, etc.). Since the average composition of natural Thorium is dominated (100%) by the fertile isotope Th-232, Thorium is only useful as a resource for breeding new fissile materials, in this case U-233. Consequently a certain amount of fissile material must be present at the start-up of the reactor in order to guarantee its operation. The thorium fuel can be used in both once-through and recycle options, and in both fast and thermal spectrum systems. The present study has been aimed by the necessity of investigating the option of using reprocessed plutonium/TRU, from a once-through reference LEU scenario (50 GWd/ tIHM), mixed with natural thorium and the need of collect data (mass fractions, cross-sections etc.) for this particular fuel cycle scenario. As previously pointed out, the fissile plutonium is needed to guarantee the operation of the reactor. Four different scenarios have been considered: • Thorium – recycled Plutonium; • Thorium – recycled Plutonium/Neptunium; • Thorium – recycled Plutonium/Neptunium/Americium; • Thorium – recycled Transuranic. The calculations have been performed with SCALE6.1-TRITON.

Andrea Alfonsi; Gilles Youinou; Sonat Sen

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Jet vetoes versus giant K-factors in the exclusive Z+1-jet cross section  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ATLAS measurement of the exclusive $Z$+1-jet cross section shows a surprising agreement with fixed-order predictions in the kinematic region expected to be dominated by large jet-veto logarithms. We identify the explanation for this effect: the jet-isolation criterion implemented by ATLAS allows dijet events where an energetic jet is collinear to a final-state lepton. This process contains a giant K-factor arising from the collinear emission of a Z-boson from the dijet configuration which overwhelms the effect of the jet-veto logarithms. We provide numerical results for 7 TeV, 8 TeV and 14 TeV LHC collisions that demonstrate the interplay between the jet-veto logarithms and the giant K-factor in the theoretical prediction. We suggest an alternate isolation criterion that removes the giant K-factor and allows for a direct test of the jet-veto resummation framework in the Z+1-jet process.

Boughezal, Radja; Liu, Xiaohui

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Validation of Nuclear Criticality Safety Software and 27 energy group ENDF/B-IV cross sections  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The validation documented in this report is based on calculations that were executed during June through August 1992, and was completed in June 1993. The statistical analyses in Appendix C and Appendix D were completed in October 1993. This validation gives Portsmouth NCS personnel a basis for performing computerized KENO V.a calculations using the Martin Marietta Nuclear Criticality Safety Software. The first portion of the document outlines basic information in regard to validation of NCSS using ENDF/B-IV 27-group cross sections on the IBM 3090 at ORNL. A basic discussion of the NCSS system is provided, some discussion on the validation database and validation in general. Then follows a detailed description of the statistical analysis which was applied. The results of this validation indicate that the NCSS software may be used with confidence for criticality calculations at the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant. When the validation results are treated as a single group, there is 95% confidence that 99.9% of future calculations of similar critical systems will have a calculated K{sub eff} > 0.9616. Based on this result the Portsmouth Nuclear Criticality Safety Department has adopted the calculational acceptance criteria that a k{sub eff} + 2{sigma} {le} 0.95 is safety subcritical. The validation of NCSS on the IBM 3090 at ORNL was extended to include NCSS on the IBM 3090 at K-25.

Lee, B.L. Jr.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Graphene based tunable fractal Hilbert curve array broadband radar absorbing screen for radar cross section reduction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper proposes a new type of graphene based tunable radar absorbing screen. The absorbing screen consists of Hilbert curve metal strip array and chemical vapour deposition (CVD) graphene sheet. The graphene based screen is not only tunable when the chemical potential of the graphene changes, but also has broadband effective absorption. The absorption bandwidth is from 8.9GHz to 18.1GHz, ie., relative bandwidth of more than 68%, at chemical potential of 0eV, which is significantly wider than that if the graphene sheet had not been employed. As the chemical potential varies from 0 to 0.4eV, the central frequency of the screen can be tuned from 13.5GHz to 19.0GHz. In the proposed structure, Hilbert curve metal strip array was designed to provide multiple narrow band resonances, whereas the graphene sheet directly underneath the metal strip array provides tunability and averagely required surface resistance so to significantly extend the screen operation bandwidth by providing broadband impedance matching and absorption. In addition, the thickness of the screen has been optimized to achieve nearly the minimum thickness limitation for a nonmagnetic absorber. The working principle of this absorbing screen is studied in details, and performance under various incident angles is presented. This work extends applications of graphene into tunable microwave radar cross section (RCS) reduction applications.

Huang, Xianjun, E-mail: xianjun.huang@manchester.ac.uk [School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom); College of Electronic Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073 (China); Hu, Zhirun [School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom); Liu, Peiguo [College of Electronic Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073 (China)

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

357

Indirect determination of the {sup 230}Th(n,f) and {sup 231}Th(n,f) cross sections for thorium-based nuclear energy systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The surrogate ratio method (SRM) was employed in the first experimental determination of the {sup 231}Th(n,f) cross section, relative to the {sup 235}U(n,f) cross section, over an equivalent neutron energy range of 360 keV to 10 MeV. The {sup 230}Th(n,f) cross section was also deduced using the SRM, relative to the {sup 234}U(n,f) cross section, over an equivalent neutron energy range of 220 keV to 25 MeV. The desired compound nuclei were populated using ({sup 3}He,{sup 3}He') and ({sup 3}He,{alpha}) reactions on targets of {sup 232}Th and {sup 236}U and relative fission decay probabilities were measured. The surrogate {sup 230,231}Th(n,f) cross sections were compared to cross section evaluations and directly-measured experimental data, where available.

Goldblum, B. L.; Stroberg, S. R.; Angell, C.; Swanberg, E. [Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Allmond, J. M. [Department of Physics, University of Richmond, Virginia 23173 (United States); Bernstein, L. A.; Bleuel, D. L.; Burke, J. T.; Scielzo, N. D.; Wiedeking, M. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States); Gibelin, J. [GANIL (DSM-CEA/IN2P3-CNRS), B. P. 55027, F-14076 Caen Cedex 5 (France); Phair, L. [Nuclear Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Norman, E. B. [Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States); Nuclear Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

358

NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING: 109, 341-349 (1991) Fission Cross-Section Measurements of 247Cm,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sections of the even curium iso- topes 242Cm,244Cm,246Cm,and 248Cmwere measured at Rensselaer Polytechnic-section measurement set for the curium isotopes. Einsteinium-254 has a short half-life of 276 days and therefore has a high alpha-particle activity. The fission cross section of such a heavy odd-odd nucleus is interesting

Danon, Yaron

359

Ground-based zenith sky abundances and in situ gas cross sections for ozone and nitrogen dioxide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ground-based zenith sky abundances and in situ gas cross sections for ozone and nitrogen dioxide, in situ ambient absorption gas cell mea- surements for ozone and nitrogen dioxide, and ground-based zenith for ozone and nitrogen dioxide that are retrieved from measured spectra of the zenith sky

Dirksen, Ruud

360

Translational energy dependence of cross sections for reactions of OH? (H2O) n with CO2 and SO2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A tandem mass spectrometer has been used to measure cross sections for reactions of the solvated negative ions OH?(H2O) n , where 0?n?3, with the neutral molecules CO2 and SO2 over the range of reactant translational energy 0.15–25.0 eV (LAB...

Hierl, Peter M.; Paulson, John F.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical sonic cross-section" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

tt-bar production cross section in pp-bar collisions at s?=1.8TeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Results are presented on a measurement of the tt-bar pair production cross section in pp-bar collisions at s?=1.8TeV from nine independent decay channels. The data were collected by the DŘ experiment during the 1992–1996 run of the Fermilab Tevatron...

Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Coppage, Don; Hebert, C.; Abazov, V. M.; Abbott, B.; Abdesselam, A.; Abolins, M.; Abramov, V.; Acharya, B. S.

2003-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

362

Measurement of the tt-bar production cross section in pp-bar collisions using dilepton events  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

restrictive criteria on one of the lepton candidates and required that at least one hadronic jet in each event be tagged as containing a b quark. For a top quark mass of 175 GeV, the measured cross section is 7.4±1.4(stat)±1.0(syst)??pb and for the current...

Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Hensel, Carsten; Moulik, Tania; Wilson, Graham Wallace

2007-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

363

Dye lasing arrangement including an optical assembly for altering the cross-section of its pumping beam and method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical assembly is disclosed herein along with a method of operation for use in a dye lasing arrangement, for example a dye laser oscillator or a dye amplifier, in which a continuous stream of dye is caused to flow through a given zone in a cooperating dye chamber while the zone is being illuminated by light from a pumping beam which is directed into the given zone. This in turn causes the dye therein to lase and thereby produce a new dye beam in the case of a dye laser oscillator or amplify a dye beam in the case of a dye amplifier. The optical assembly so disclosed is designed to alter the pump beam such that the beam enters the dye chamber with a different cross-sectional configuration, preferably one having a more uniform intensity profile, than its initially produced cross-sectional configuration. To this end, the assembly includes a network of optical components which first act on the beam while the latter retains its initially produced cross-sectional configuration for separating it into a plurality of predetermined segments and then recombines the separated components in a predetermined way which causes the recombined beam to have the different cross-sectional configuration.

O'Neil, Richard W. (Pleasanton, CA); Sweatt, William C. (Alburquerque, NM)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Measurement of the high-mass Drell-Yan cross section and limits on quark-electron compositeness scales  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a measurement of the Drell-Yan cross section at high dielectron invariant mass using 120 pb(-1) of data collected in p (p) over bar, collisions at root s = 1.8TeV by the D0 Collaboration during 1992-1996. No ...

Baringer, Philip S.

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

UPDATE: Community meeting on February 6, 2003 Cross-sectional Exposure Assessment of Environmental Contaminants in Churchill County, Nevada  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals. · Arsenic levels were elevated in Churchill CountyUPDATE: Community meeting on February 6, 2003 Cross-sectional Exposure Assessment of Environmental Contaminants in Churchill County, Nevada Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Study Results

366

The Mount Perkins block, northwestern Arizona: An exposed cross section of an evolving, preextensional to synextensional magmatic system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,  Daniel L. Feuerbach, 1 Mark K. Reagan, 1 Rodney V. Metcalf, 2 Phil Gans, 3 and J. D. Walker 4 Abstract. The steeply tilted Mount Perkins block, northwestern Arizona, exposes a cross section of a magmatic system that evolved through the onset...

Faulds, James E.; Feuerbach, Daniel L.; Reagan, Mark K.; Metcalf, Rodney V.; Gans, Phil; Walker, J. Douglas

1995-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

367

A broad-group cross-section library based on ENDF/B-VII.0 for fast neutron dosimetry Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new ENDF/B-VII.0-based coupled 44-neutron, 20-gamma-ray-group cross-section library was developed to investigate the latest evaluated nuclear data file (ENDF) ,in comparison to ENDF/B-VI.3 used in BUGLE-96, as well as to generate an objective-specific library. The objectives selected for this work consisted of dosimetry calculations for in-vessel and ex-vessel reactor locations, iron atom displacement calculations for reactor internals and pressure vessel, and {sup 58}Ni(n,{gamma}) calculation that is important for gas generation in the baffle plate. The new library was generated based on the contribution and point-wise cross-section-driven (CPXSD) methodology and was applied to one of the most widely used benchmarks, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Pool Critical Assembly benchmark problem. In addition to the new library, BUGLE-96 and an ENDF/B-VII.0-based coupled 47-neutron, 20-gamma-ray-group cross-section library was generated and used with both SNLRML and IRDF dosimetry cross sections to compute reaction rates. All reaction rates computed by the multigroup libraries are within {+-} 20 % of measurement data and meet the U. S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission acceptance criterion for reactor vessel neutron exposure evaluations specified in Regulatory Guide 1.190. (authors)

Alpan, F.A. [Westinghouse Electric Company, 1000 Westinghouse Drive, Cranberry Township, PA 16066 (United States)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

ENDF/B-VII.1 Nuclear Data for Science and Technology: Cross Sections, Covariances, Fission Product Yields and Decay Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

testing of the ENDF/B-VII.1 library is provided for a variety of quantities: For nuclear criticalityENDF/B-VII.1 Nuclear Data for Science and Technology: Cross Sections, Covariances, Fission Product Jozef Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia 11 Nuclear Research and Consultancy Group, P

Danon, Yaron

369

Measurement of the Inclusive Electron Neutrino Charged Current Cross Section on Carbon with the T2K Near Detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The T2K off-axis near detector, ND280, is used to make the first differential cross-section measurements of electron neutrino charged current interactions at energies ~1 GeV as a function of electron momentum, electron scattering angle and four-momentum transfer of the interaction. The total flux-averaged $\

K. Abe; J. Adam; H. Aihara; T. Akiri; C. Andreopoulos; S. Aoki; A. Ariga; S. Assylbekov; D. Autiero; M. Barbi; G. J. Barker; G. Barr; M. Bass; M. Batkiewicz; F. Bay; V. Berardi; B. E. Berger; S. Berkman; S. Bhadra; F. d. M. Blaszczyk; A. Blondel; C. Bojechko; S. Bordoni; S. B. Boyd; D. Brailsford; A. Bravar; C. Bronner; N. Buchanan; R. G. Calland; J. Caravaca Rodríguez; S. L. Cartwright; R. Castillo; M. G. Catanesi; A. Cervera; D. Cherdack; G. Christodoulou; A. Clifton; J. Coleman; S. J. Coleman; G. Collazuol; K. Connolly; L. Cremonesi; A. Dabrowska; I. Danko; R. Das; S. Davis; P. de Perio; G. De Rosa; T. Dealtry; S. R. Dennis; C. Densham; D. Dewhurst; F. Di Lodovico; S. Di Luise; O. Drapier; T. Duboyski; K. Duffy; J. Dumarchez; S. Dytman; M. Dziewiecki; S. Emery-Schrenk; A. Ereditato; L. Escudero; A. J. Finch; M. Friend; Y. Fujii; Y. Fukuda; A. P. Furmanski; V. Galymov; S. Giffin; C. Giganti; K. Gilje; D. Goeldi; T. Golan; M. Gonin; N. Grant; D. Gudin; D. R. Hadley; A. Haesler; M. D. Haigh; P. Hamilton; D. Hansen; T. Hara; M. Hartz; T. Hasegawa; N. C. Hastings; Y. Hayato; C. Hearty; R. L. Helmer; M. Hierholzer; J. Hignight; A. Hillairet; A. Himmel; T. Hiraki; S. Hirota; J. Holeczek; S. Horikawa; K. Huang; A. K. Ichikawa; K. Ieki; M. Ieva; M. Ikeda; J. Imber; J. Insler; T. J. Irvine; T. Ishida; T. Ishii; E. Iwai; K. Iwamoto; K. Iyogi; A. Izmaylov; A. Jacob; B. Jamieson; R. A. Johnson; J. H. Jo; P. Jonsson; C. K. Jung; M. Kabirnezhad; A. C. Kaboth; T. Kajita; H. Kakuno; J. Kameda; Y. Kanazawa; D. Karlen; I. Karpikov; T. Katori; E. Kearns; M. Khabibullin; A. Khotjantsev; D. Kielczewska; T. Kikawa; A. Kilinski; J. Kim; J. Kisiel; P. Kitching; T. Kobayashi; L. Koch; A. Kolaceke; A. Konaka; L. L. Kormos; A. Korzenev; Y. Koshio; W. Kropp; H. Kubo; Y. Kudenko; R. Kurjata; T. Kutter; J. Lagoda; I. Lamont; E. Larkin; M. Laveder; M. Lawe; M. Lazos; T. Lindner; C. Lister; R. P. Litchfield; A. Longhin; L. Ludovici; L. Magaletti; K. Mahn; M. Malek; S. Manly; A. D. Marino; J. Marteau; J. F. Martin; S. Martynenko; T. Maruyama; V. Matveev; K. Mavrokoridis; E. Mazzucato; M. McCarthy; N. McCauley; K. S. McFarland; C. McGrew; C. Metelko; P. Mijakowski; C. A. Miller; A. Minamino; O. Mineev; A. Missert; M. Miura; S. Moriyama; Th. A. Mueller; A. Murakami; M. Murdoch; S. Murphy; J. Myslik; T. Nakadaira; M. Nakahata; K. Nakamura; S. Nakayama; T. Nakaya; K. Nakayoshi; C. Nielsen; M. Nirkko; K. Nishikawa; Y. Nishimura; H. M. O'Keeffe; R. Ohta; K. Okumura; T. Okusawa; W. Oryszczak; S. M. Oser; R. A. Owen; Y. Oyama; V. Palladino; J. L. Palomino; V. Paolone; D. Payne; O. Perevozchikov; J. D. Perkin; Y. Petrov; L. Pickard; E. S. Pinzon Guerra; C. Pistillo; P. Plonski; E. Poplawska; B. Popov; M. Posiadala; J. -M. Poutissou; R. Poutissou; P. Przewlocki; B. Quilain; E. Radicioni; P. N. Ratoff; M. Ravonel; M. A. M. Rayner; A. Redij; M. Reeves; E. Reinherz-Aronis; P. A. Rodrigues; P. Rojas; E. Rondio; S. Roth; A. Rubbia; D. Ruterbories; R. Sacco; K. Sakashita; F. Sánchez; F. Sato; E. Scantamburlo; K. Scholberg; S. Schoppmann; J. Schwehr; M. Scott; Y. Seiya; T. Sekiguchi; H. Sekiya; D. Sgalaberna; M. Shiozawa; S. Short; Y. Shustrov; P. Sinclair; B. Smith; M. Smy; J. T. Sobczyk; H. Sobel; M. Sorel; L. Southwell; P. Stamoulis; J. Steinmann; B. Still; Y. Suda; A. Suzuki; K. Suzuki; S. Y. Suzuki; Y. Suzuki; R. Tacik; M. Tada; S. Takahashi; A. Takeda; Y. Takeuchi; H. K. Tanaka; H. A. Tanaka; M. M. Tanaka; D. Terhorst; R. Terri; L. F. Thompson; A. Thorley; S. Tobayama; W. Toki; T. Tomura; Y. Totsuka; C. Touramanis; T. Tsukamoto; M. Tzanov; Y. Uchida; A. Vacheret; M. Vagins; G. Vasseur; T. Wachala; A. V. Waldron; C. W. Walter; D. Wark; M. O. Wascko; A. Weber; R. Wendell; R. J. Wilkes; M. J. Wilking; C. Wilkinson; Z. Williamson; J. R. Wilson; R. J. Wilson; T. Wongjirad; Y. Yamada; K. Yamamoto; C. Yanagisawa; T. Yano; S. Yen; N. Yershov; M. Yokoyama; T. Yuan; M. Yu; A. Zalewska; J. Zalipska; L. Zambelli; K. Zaremba; M. Ziembicki; E. D. Zimmerman; M. Zito; J. ?muda

2014-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

370

Investigation of Neutron Characteristics for Salt Blanket Models; Integral Fission Cross Section Measurements of Neptunium, Plutonium, Americium and Curium Isotopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutron characteristics of salt blanket micromodels containing mixtures of sodium, zirconium and uranium sulphides were measured on FKBN-2M, BIGR and MAKET installations. The effective fission cross sections of neptunium, plutonium, americium and curium isotopes were measured on the neutron spectra formed by micromodels.

E. Fomushkin

2002-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

371

PHYSICAL REVIEW C 87, 054616 (2013) Microscopic in-medium nucleon-nucleon cross sections with improved Pauli blocking effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for nuclear reactions at intermediate energies (20 Elab 300 MeV/nucleon) and for nuclear structure in general the role of optical potentials commonly used in low energy reactions [8]. Examples such as knockout been typically employed to describe intermediate-energy HI reactions. In-medium two-body cross sections

Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

372

R-Matrix Evaluation of {sup 16}O neutron cross sections up to 6.3 MeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper the authors describe an evaluation of {sup 16}O neutron cross sections in the resolved resonance region with the multilevel Reich-Moore R-matrix formalism. Resonance analyses were performed with the computer code SAMMY [LA98] which utilizes Bayes' method, a generalized least squares technique.

Sayer, R.O.; Leal, L.C.; Larson, N.M.; Spencer, R.R.; and Wright, R.Q.

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING: 124, 482-491 (1996) Fission Cross-Section Measurements of the Odd-Odd  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING: 124, 482-491 (1996) Fission Cross-Section Measurements of the Odd-Odd Isotopes 232Pa, 238Np, and 236Np Y. Danon* Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Department of Nuclear Engineering and Engineering Physics Troy, New York 12180 M. S. Moore, P. E. Koehler,t P. E. Littleton, G. G

Danon, Yaron

374

Measurement of ??-induced charged-current neutral pion production cross sections on mineral oil at Ev?0.5–2.0 GeV  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

Using a custom 3-Cerenkov ring fitter, we report cross sections for ??-induced charged-current single ?? production on mineral oil (CH?) from a sample of 5810 candidate events with 57% signal purity over an energy range of 0.5–2.0 GeV. This includes measurements of the absolute total cross section as a function of neutrino energy, and flux-averaged differential cross sections measured in terms of Q˛, ?? kinematics, and ?? kinematics. The sample yields a flux-averaged total cross section of (9.2±0.3stat±1.5syst)×10?ł? cm˛/CH˛ at mean neutrino energy of 0.965 GeV.

Aguilar-Arevalo, A. A.; Anderson, C. E.; Bazarko, A. O.; Brice, S. J.; Brown, B. C.; Bugel, L.; Cao, J.; Coney, L.; Conrad, J. M.; Cox, D. C.; Curioni, A.; Dharmapalan, R.; Djurcic, Z.; Finley, D. A.; Fleming, B. T.; Ford, R.; Garcia, F. G.; Garvey, G. T.; Grange, J.; Green, C.; Green, J. A.; Hart, T. L.; Hawker, E.; Imlay, R.; Johnson, R. A.; Karagiorgi, G.; Kasper, P.; Katori, T.; Kobilarcik, T.; Kourbanis, I.; Koutsoliotas, S.; Laird, E. M.; Linden, S. K.; Link, J. M.; Liu, Y.; Liu, Y.; Louis, W. C.; Mahn, K. B. M.; Marsh, W.; Mauger, C.; McGary, V. T.; McGregor, G.; Metcalf, W.; Meyers, P. D.; Mills, F.; Mills, G. B.; Monroe, J.; Moore, C. D.; Mousseau, J.; Nelson, R. H.; Nienaber, P.; Nowak, J. A.; Osmanov, B.; Ouedraogo, S.; Patterson, R. B.; Pavlovic, Z.; Perevalov, D.; Polly, C. C.; Prebys, E.; Raaf, J. L.; Ray, H.; Roe, B. P.; Russell, A. D.; Sandberg, V.; Schirato, R.; Schmitz, D.; Shaevitz, M. H.; Shoemaker, F. C.; Smith, D.; Soderberg, M.; Sorel, M.; Spentzouris, P.; Spitz, J.; Stancu, I.; Stefanski, R. J.; Sung, M.; Tanaka, H. A.; Tayloe, R.; Tzanov, M.; Van de Water, R. G.; Wascko, M. O.; White, D. H.; Wilking, M. J.; Yang, H. J.; Zeller, G. P.; Zimmerman, E. D.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Measurement of the ?b cross section and the [over bar]?[subscript b] ratio with J/?? decays in pp collisions at ?s = 7 TeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ?b differential production cross section and the cross section ratio ?(?Żb)/?(?b) are measured as functions of transverse momentum p?Żb[over]T and rapidity |y?b| in pp collisions at ?s = 7 TeV using data collected by ...

Bauer, Gerry P.

376

New Global Fit to the Total Photon-Proton Cross-Section sigma L+T and to the Structure Function F2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A fit to world data on the photon-proton cross section sigma L+T and the unpolarised structure function F2 is presented. The 23-parameter ALLM model based on Reggeon and Pomeron exchange is used. Cross section data were reconstructed to avoid inconsistencies with respect to R of the published F2 data base. Parameter uncertainties and correlations are obtained.

Dominik Gabbert; Lara De Nardo

2007-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

377

Charge-state-correlated cross sections for electron loss, capture, and ionization in C{sup 3+}-Ne collisions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Charge-state-correlated total cross sections for projectile-electron loss, capture, and target ionization in C{sup 3+}-Ne collisions have been measured and calculated at absolute energies in the few MeV regime. The calculations are based on a recently proposed coupled mean-field approach which combines a set of nonperturbative single-particle calculations for the initial projectile electrons with another one for the initial target electrons. The basis generator method has been used to solve these equations. Very good overall agreement between experimental and theoretical data is found, which provides further evidence for the applicability of the approach to rather complex many-electron collision systems. One notable exception is the cross section for elastic projectile-electron loss associated with no change of the target charge state. In this case, the theoretical and experimental results differ qualitatively.

Kirchner, T. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, TU Clausthal, Leibnizstrasse 10, D-38678 Clausthal-Zellerfeld (Germany); Santos, A.C.F.; Sant'Anna, M.M. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Cx. Postal 68528, Rio de Janeiro 21941-972 (Brazil); Luna, H.; Sigaud, G.M.; Montenegro, E.C. [Departamento de Fisica, Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Rio de Janeiro, RJ 22452-970 (Brazil); Melo, W.S. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora 36036-330 (Brazil)

2005-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

378

Differential cross sections for single ionization of H{sub 2} by 75-keV proton impact  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have calculated triply differential cross sections (TDCS) and doubly differential cross sections (DDCS) for single ionization of H{sub 2} by 75-keV proton impact using the molecular three-body distorted-wave-eikonal initial-state (M3DW-EIS) approach. Previously published measured DDCS (differential in the projectile scattering angle and integrated over the ejected electron angles) found pronounced structures at relatively large angles that were interpreted as an interference resulting from the two-centered potential of the molecule. Theory treating H{sub 2} as atomic H multiplied by a molecular interference factor only predicts the observed structure when assumptions are made about the molecular orientation. Here we apply the M3DW-EIS method, which does not rely on such an ad hoc approach, but rather treats the interference from first principles.

Chowdhury, U.; Schulz, M.; Madison, D. H. [Missouri University of Science and Technology, Department of Physics and Laboratory for Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Research, Rolla, Missouri 65401 (United States)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

379

New neutron capture and total cross section measurements on {sup 88}Sr and their impact on s-process nucleosynthesis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors have made new and improved measurements of the neutron capture and total cross sections of {sup 88}Sr at the Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator (ORELA). Improvements over previous measurements include a wider incident neutron energy range, the use of metallic rather than carbonate samples, better background subtraction, reduced sensitivity to sample-dependent backgrounds, and better pulse-height weighting functions. Because of its small cross section, the {sup 88}Sr(n,{gamma}) reaction is an important bottleneck during the s-process nucleosynthesis. Hence, an accurate determination of this rate is needed to better constrain the neutron exposure in s-process models and to more fully exploit the recently discovered isotopic anomalies in certain meteorites. They describe the experimental procedures, compare the results to previous data, and discuss their astrophysical impact.

Koehler, P.E.; Spencer, R.R.; Guber, K.H. [and others

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Use of two-body close-coupling formalisms to calculate three-body breakup cross sections  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We analyze the consequences of discretizing one of the two continua in three-body breakup to reduce it to a two-body close-coupling problem. We identify the origin of oscillations in the singly differential cross section in those {open_quotes}convergent close-coupling{close_quotes} calculations as lying only in the way the cross section is calculated from the wave function and not in the wave function itself. The anomalous {open_quotes}step-function{close_quotes} behavior of those calculations is derived from a stationary-phase argument. Calculations are presented on the Temkin-Poet model for electron-impact ionization of hydrogen, a breakup problem with exponential potentials, and an analytically solvable model. The anomalies associated with two-body close-coupling calculations are demonstrated using wave functions from complex exterior scaling calculations that otherwise give converged results without any anomalies. {copyright} {ital 1999} {ital The American Physical Society}

Rescigno, T.N. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Physics Directorate, Livermore, California 94551 (United States)] [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Physics Directorate, Livermore, California 94551 (United States); McCurdy, C.W.; Isaacs, W.A. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Computing Sciences, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Computing Sciences, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Baertschy, M. [Department of Applied Science, University of California--Davis, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)] [Department of Applied Science, University of California--Davis, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical sonic cross-section" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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381

Activation cross-sections of deuteron induced reactions on $^{nat}$Sm up to 50 MeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Activation cross-sections for deuteron induced reactions on Sm are presented for the first time for $^{nat}$Sm(d,xn)$^{155,154,152m2,152m1,152g,150m,150g,149,148,147,146}$Eu, $^{nat}$Sm(d,x)$^{153,145}$Sm and $^{nat}$Sm(d,x)$^{151,150,149,145,144,143}$Pm up to 50 MeV. The cross-sections were measured by the stacked-foil irradiation technique and high resolution $\\gamma$-ray spectrometry. The results were compared with results of nuclear reaction codes ALICE-D, EMPIRE-D and TALYS (from TENDL libraries). Integral yields of the products were calculated from the excitation functions.

F. Tárkányi; A. Hermanne; S. Takács; F. Ditrói; J. Csikai; A. V. Ignatyuk

2014-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

382

Fusion Cross Section in the {sup 4,6}He+{sup 64}Zn Collisions Around the Coulomb Barrier  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

New fusion data for the {sup 4}He+{sup 64}Zn system at sub-barrier energies are measured to cover the same energy region of previous measurements for {sup 6}He+{sup 64}Zn. Aim of the experiment was to compare the fusion excitation functions for the two system to investigate on the effects of the {sup 6}He neutron-halo structure on the fusion reaction mechanism at energies around the Coulomb barrier. The fusion cross section was measured by using an activation technique. Comparing the two systems, we observe an enhancement of the fusion cross section in the reaction induced by {sup 6}He, at and below the Coulomb barrier.

Fisichella, M. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Messina, Messina (Italy); INFN-Laboratori Nazionali del Sud and sezione di Catania, Catania (Italy); Di Pietro, A.; Figuera, P.; Marchetta, C. [INFN-Laboratori Nazionali del Sud and sezione di Catania, Catania (Italy); Lattuada, M.; Musumarra, A.; Pellegriti, M. G.; Scuderi, V.; Strano, E.; Torresi, D. [INFN-Laboratori Nazionali del Sud and sezione di Catania, Catania (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica ed Astronomia, Universita di Catania, Catania (Italy); Milin, M. [Department of Physics Faculty of Science University of Zagreb, Zagreb (Croatia); Skukan, N.; Zadro, M. [Ruder Boskovic Institute, Zagreb (Croatia)

2011-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

383

Measurement of the Top Pair Production Cross Section in the Lepton + Jets Channel Using a Jet Flavor Discriminant  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

We present a new method to measure the top quark pair production cross section and the background rates with data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2.7 fb-1 from p p? collisions at ?s = 1.96 TeV collected with the CDF II Detector. We select events with a single electron or muon candidate, missing transverse energy, and at least one b-tagged jet. We perform a simultaneous fit to a jet flavor discriminant across nine samples defined by the number of jets and b-tags. An advantage of this approach is that many systematic uncertainties are measured in situ and inversely scale with integrated luminosity. We measure a top cross section of ?tt? = 7.64 ± 0.57 (stat + syst) ± 0.45 (luminosity) pb.

Aaltonen, T.; Aaltonen, T.; Alvarez Gonzalez, B.; Amerio, S.; Amidei, D.; Anastassov, A.; Annovi, A.; Antos, J.; Apollinari, G.; Appel, J.A.; Apresyan, A.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Comparative studies of actinide and sub-actinide fission cross section calculation from MCNP6 and TALYS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Comparative studies of actinide and sub-actinide fission cross section calculation from MCNP6 and TALYS have been conducted. In this work, fission cross section resulted from MCNP6 prediction will be compared with result from TALYS calculation. MCNP6 with its event generator CEM03.03 and LAQGSM03.03 have been validated and verified for several intermediate and heavy nuclides fission reaction data and also has a good agreement with experimental data for fission reaction that induced by photons, pions, and nucleons at energy from several ten of MeV to about 1 TeV. The calculation that induced within TALYS will be focused mainly to several hundred MeV for actinide and sub-actinide nuclides and will be compared with MCNP6 code and several experimental data from other evaluator.

Perkasa, Y. S. [Department of Physics, Sunan Gunung Djati State Islamic University Bandung, Jl. A.H Nasution No. 105 Cibiru, Bandung (Indonesia); Waris, A., E-mail: awaris@fi.itb.ac.id; Kurniadi, R., E-mail: awaris@fi.itb.ac.id; Su'ud, Z., E-mail: awaris@fi.itb.ac.id [Nuclear Physics and Biophysics Research Division, Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesa No. 10 Bandung 40132 (Indonesia)

2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

385

ORIGEN-ARP Cross-Section Libraries for Magnox, Advanced Gas-Cooled, and VVER Reactor Designs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cross-section libraries for the ORIGEN-ARP system were extended to include four non-U.S. reactor types: the Magnox reactor, the Advanced Gas-Cooled Reactor, the VVER-440, and the VVER-1000. Typical design and operational parameters for these four reactor types were determined by an examination of a variety of published information sources. Burnup simulation models of the reactors were then developed using the SAS2H sequence from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory SCALE code system. In turn, these models were used to prepare the burnup-dependent cross-section libraries suitable for use with ORIGEN-ARP. The reactor designs together with the development of the SAS2H models are described, and a small number of validation results using spent-fuel assay data are reported.

Murphy, BD

2004-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

386

First measurement of the 14N(p,gamma)15O cross section down to 70 keV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In stars with temperatures above 20*10^6 K, hydrogen burning is dominated by the CNO cycle. Its rate is determined by the slowest process, the 14N(p,gamma)15O reaction. Deep underground in Italy's Gran Sasso laboratory, at the LUNA 400 kV accelerator, the cross section of this reaction has been measured at energies much lower than ever achieved before. Using a windowless gas target and a 4pi BGO summing detector, direct cross section data has been obtained down to 70 keV, reaching a value of 0.24 picobarn. The Gamow peak has been covered by experimental data for several scenarios of stable and explosive hydrogen burning. In addition, the strength of the 259 keV resonance has been remeasured. The thermonuclear reaction rate has been calculated for temperatures 90 - 300 *10^6 K, for the first time with negligible impact from extrapolations.

A. Lemut; D. Bemmerer; F. Confortola; R. Bonetti; C. Broggini; P. Corvisiero; H. Costantini; J. Cruz; A. Formicola; Zs. Fulop; G. Gervino; A. Guglielmetti; C. Gustavino; Gy. Gyurky; G. Imbriani; A. P. Jesus; M. Junker; B. Limata; R. Menegazzo; P. Prati; V. Roca; D. Rogalla; C. Rolfs; M. Romano; C. Rossi Alvarez; F. Schumann; E. Somorjai; O. Straniero; F. Strieder; F. Terrasi; H. P. Trautvetter

2006-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

387

Validation of KENO V.a with ENDF/B-V cross sections for {sup 233}U systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A multigroup Monte carlo code KENO V.a is maintained at the ORNL as part of the standardized cmoputer analysis for licensing evaluation (SCALE) system. Included in the SCALE system are the 238-and 44-energy group ENDF/B-V cross section libraries. The purpose of this work was to validate the ENDF/B-V and KENO V.a for uranium 233 systems.

Dunn, M.E.; Basoglu, B.; Bentley, C.L.; Haught, C.; Plaster, M.J.; Wilkinson, A.D.; Yamamoto, T.; Dodds, H.L. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

388

Measurement of parity nonconservation in the proton-proton total cross section at 800 MeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A report is made of a measurement of parity nonconservation in the transmission of 800-MeV longitudinally polarized protons through an unpolarized, 1-m liquid-hydrogen target. The dependence of transmission on beam properties was studied to measure and to correct for systematic errors. The measured longitudinal asymmetry in the total cross section is A/sub L/ = (+2.4 +- 1.1 (statistical) +- 0.1 (systematic)) x 10/sup -7/. 25 refs., 2 figs.

Bowman, J.D.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

A concrete anti-de Sitter black hole with dynamical horizon having toroidal cross-sections and its characteristics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a special solution of Einstein equations in the general Vaidya form representing a dynamical black hole having horizon cross-sections with toroidal topology. The concrete model enables us to study for the first time dynamical horizons with toroidal topology, its area law, and the question of matter flux inside the horizon, without using a cut-and-paste technology to construct the solution.

Pouria Dadras; J. T. Firouzjaee; Reza Mansouri

2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

390

Estimation of the breakup cross sections in $^6$He+$^{12}$C reaction within high-energy approximation and microscopic optical potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The breakup cross sections in the reaction $^6$He+$^{12}$C are calculated at about 40 MeV/nucleon using the high-energy approximation (HEA) and with the help of microscopic optical potentials (OP) of interaction with the target nucleus $^{12}$C of the projectile nucleus fragments $^4$He and 2n. Considering the di-neutron $h$=2n as a single particle the relative motion $h\\alpha$ wave function is estimated so that to explain both the separation energy of $h$ in $^6$He and the rms radius of the latter. The stripping and absorbtion total cross sections are calculated and their sum is compared with the total reaction cross section obtained within a double-folding microscopic OP for the $^6$He+$^{12}$C scattering. It is concluded that the breakup cross sections contribute in about 50% of the total reaction cross section.

E. V. Zemlyanaya; V. K. Lukyanov; K. V. Lukyanov

2010-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

391

Influence of Surface Preparation on Scanning Kelvin Probe Microscopy and Electron Backscatter Diffraction Analysis of Cross Sections of CdTe/CdS Solar Cells: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work we investigated different methods to prepare cross sections of CdTe/CdS solar cells for EBSD and SKPM analyses. We observed that procedures used to prepare surfaces for EBSD are not suitable to prepare cross sections, and we were able to develop a process using polishing and ion-beam milling. This process resulted in very good results and allowed us to reveal important aspects of the cross section of the CdTe film. For SKPM, polishing and a light ion-beam milling resulted in cross sections that provided good data. We were able to observe the depletion region on the CdTe film and the p-n junction as well as the interdiffusion layer between CdTe and CdS. However, preparing good-quality cross sections for SKPM is not a reproducible process, and artifacts are often observed.

Moutinho, H. R.; Dhere, R. G.; Jiang, C. S.; Al-Jassim, M. M.

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

CSRL-V: an ENDF/B-V 227-group cross section library for criticality safety studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The AMPX system was used to generate a P/sub 3/ 227-neutron-group master cross-section library containing data for all materials in the ENDF/B-V general purpose file. CSRL-V is a data base for the subsequent generation of problem-dependent fine- and/or broad-group cross sections for shipping cask calculations and other criticality safety analyses. The problem-dependent data can be used with codes such as KENO IV, ANISN, XSDRNPM, VENTURE, DOT, MORSE, etc. CSRL-V data can be coupled with photon-production and photon-interaction multigroup data produced with the AMPX system to produce coupled neutron-gamma cross-section libraries. Consideration was given to the resonance structure of prominent nuclei, the thresholds of important reactions, and various fission spectra. Data in the CSRL-V library were checked for first-order consistencies and tested in performance parameter calculations for a series of benchmark critical experiments. The CSRL-V library is available on magnetic tape. 1 table. (RWR)

Ford, W.E. III; Westfall, R.M.; Diggs, B.R.; Webster, C.C.; Knight, J.R.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Fragmentation cross sections of 28Si at beam energies from 290AMeV to 1200A MeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In planning for long-duration spaceflight, it will beimportant to accurately model the exposure of astronauts to heavy ions inthe Galactic Cosmic Rays (GCR). As part of an ongoing effort to improveheavy-ion transport codes that will be used in designing futurespacecraft and habitats, fragmentation cross sections of 28Si have beenmeasured using beams with extracted energies from 290A MeV to 1200A MeV,spanning most of the peak region of the energy distribution of siliconions in the GCR. Results were obtained for six elemental targets:hydrogen, carbon, aluminum, copper, tin, and lead. The charge-changingcross sections are found to be energy-independent within the experimentaluncertainties, except for those on the hydrogen target. Cross sectionsfor the heaviest fragments are found to decrease slightly with increasingenergy for lighter targets, but increase with energy for tin and leadtargets. The cross sections are compared to previous measurements atsimilar energies, and to predictions of the NUCFRG2 model used by NASA toevaluate radiation exposures in flight. For charge-changing crosssections, reasonable agreement is found between the present experimentand those of Webber, et al. and Flesch, et al., and NUCFRG2 agrees withthe data to within 3 percent in most cases. Fragment cross sections showless agreement between experiments, and there are substantial differencesbetween NUCFRG2 predictions andthe data.

Zeitlin, C.; Fukumura, A.; Guetersloh, S.B.; Heilbronn, L.H; Iwata, Y.; Miller, J.; Murukami, T.

2006-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

394

Spin-dependence of the electron scattering cross section by a magnetic layer system and the magneto-resistance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors present a theoretical model for calculating the spin-dependent cross section of the scattering of electrons by a magnetic layer system. The model demonstrates that the cross sections of the scattering are different for spin up and spin down electrons. The model assumes that the electrical resistivity in a conductor is proportional to the scattering cross section of the electron in it. It is believed to support the two channel mechanism in interpreting magneto-resistance (MR). Based on the model without considering the scattering due to the interfacial roughness and the spin flipping scattering, the authors have established a relationship between MR and the square of the magnetic moment in the bulk sample without considering the scattering due to the interfacial roughness and the spin flipping scattering. It can also qualitatively explain the MR difference between the current in plane (CIP) and current perpendicular to the plane (CPP) configurations. The predictions by the model agree well with the experimental findings.

Wang, J.T.; Tang, F.; Brown, W.D.; Bagayoko, D. (Southern Univ. and A and M College, Baton Rouge, LA (United States). Physics Dept.)

1998-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

395

Measurement of the $t\\bar{t}$ production cross section using dilepton events in $p\\bar{p}$ collisions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a measurement of the t{bar t} production cross section {sigma}{sub t{bar t}} in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV using 5.4 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity collected with the D0 detector. We consider final states with at least two jets and two leptons (ee, e{mu}, {mu}{mu}), and events with one jet for the the e{mu} final state as well. The measured cross section is {sigma}{sub t{bar t}} = 7.36{sub -0.79}{sup +0.90} (stat + syst) pb. This result combined with the cross section measurement in the lepton + jets final state yields {sigma}{sub t{bar t}} = 7.56{sub -0.56}{sup +0.63}(stat + syst) pb, which agrees with the standard model expectation. The relative precision of 8% of this measurement is comparable to the latest theoretical calculations.

Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich; /Dubna, JINR; Abbott, Braden Keim; /Oklahoma U.; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath; /Tata Inst.; Adams, Mark Raymond; /Illinois U., Chicago; Adams, Todd; /Florida State U.; Alexeev, Guennadi D.; /Dubna, JINR; Alkhazov, Georgiy D.; /St. Petersburg, INP; Alton, Andrew K.; /Michigan U. /Augustana Coll., Sioux Falls; Alverson, George O.; /Northeastern U.; Alves, Gilvan Augusto; /Rio de Janeiro, CBPF; Ancu, Lucian Stefan; /Nijmegen U. /Fermilab

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

A measurement of the neutral current neutrino-nucleon elastic cross section at MiniBooNE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The neutral current neutrino-nucleon elastic interaction {nu} N {yields} {nu} N is a fundamental process of the weak interaction ideally suited for characterizing the structure of the nucleon neutral weak current. This process comprises {approx}18% of neutrino events in the neutrino oscillation experiment, MiniBooNE, ranking it as the experiment's third largest process. Using {approx}10% of MiniBooNE's available neutrino data, a sample of these events were identified and analyzed to determine the differential cross section as a function of the momentum transfer of the interaction, Q{sup 2}. This is the first measurement of a differential cross section with MiniBooNE data. From this analysis, a value for the nucleon axial mass M{sub A} was extracted to be 1.34 {+-} 0.25 GeV consistent with previous measurements. The integrated cross section for the Q{sup 2} range 0.189 {yields} 1.13 GeV{sup 2} was calculated to be (8.8 {+-} 0.6(stat) {+-} 0.2(syst)) x 10{sup -40} cm{sup 2}.

Cox, David Christopher; /Indiana U.

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Technical Note: Contrast solution density and cross section errors in inhomogeneity-corrected dose calculation for breast balloon brachytherapy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Recent recommendations by the American Association of Physicists in Medicine Task Group 186 emphasize the importance of understanding material properties and their effect on inhomogeneity-corrected dose calculation for brachytherapy. Radiographic contrast is normally injected into breast brachytherapy balloons. In this study, the authors independently estimate properties of contrast solution that were expected to be incorrectly specified in a commercial brachytherapy dose calculation algorithm. Methods: The mass density and atomic weight fractions of a clinical formulation of radiographic contrast solution were determined using manufacturers' data. The mass density was verified through measurement and compared with the density obtained by the treatment planning system's CT calibration. The atomic weight fractions were used to determine the photon interaction cross section of the contrast solution for a commercial high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy source and compared with that of muscle. Results: The density of contrast solution was 10% less than that obtained from the CT calibration. The cross section of the contrast solution for the HDR source was 1.2% greater than that of muscle. Both errors could be addressed by overriding the density of the contrast solution in the treatment planning system. Conclusions: The authors estimate the error in mass density and cross section parameters used by a commercial brachytherapy dose calculation algorithm for radiographic contrast used in a clinical breast brachytherapy practice. This approach is adaptable to other clinics seeking to evaluate dose calculation errors and determine appropriate density override values if desired.

Kim, Leonard H.; Zhang Miao; Howell, Roger W.; Yue, Ning J.; Khan, Atif J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey: Robert Wood Johnson Medical School and Cancer Institute of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08903 (United States); Department of Radiology, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey: New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey 07103 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey: Robert Wood Johnson Medical School and Cancer Institute of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08903 (United States)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

398

ENDF/B-VII.1 Neutron Cross Section Data Testing with Critical Assembly Benchmarks and Reactor Experiments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ENDF/B-VII.1 library is the latest revision to the United States' Evaluated Nuclear Data File (ENDF). The ENDF library is currently in its seventh generation, with ENDF/B-VII.0 being released in 2006. This revision expands upon that library, including the addition of new evaluated files (was 393 neutron files previously, now 418 including replacement of elemental vanadium and zinc evaluations with isotopic evaluations) and extension or updating of many existing neutron data files. Complete details are provided in the companion paper [1]. This paper focuses on how accurately application libraries may be expected to perform in criticality calculations with these data. Continuous energy cross section libraries, suitable for use with the MCNP Monte Carlo transport code, have been generated and applied to a suite of nearly one thousand critical benchmark assemblies defined in the International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project's International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments. This suite covers uranium and plutonium fuel systems in a variety of forms such as metallic, oxide or solution, and under a variety of spectral conditions, including unmoderated (i.e., bare), metal reflected and water or other light element reflected. Assembly eigenvalues that were accurately predicted with ENDF/B-VII.0 cross sections such as unmoderated and uranium reflected 235U and 239Pu assemblies, HEU solution systems and LEU oxide lattice systems that mimic commercial PWR configurations continue to be accurately calculated with ENDF/B-VII.1 cross sections, and deficiencies in predicted eigenvalues for assemblies containing selected materials, including titanium, manganese, cadmium and tungsten are greatly reduced. Improvements are also confirmed for selected actinide reaction rates such as 236U capture. Other deficiencies, such as the overprediction of Pu solution system critical eigenvalues and a decreasing trend in calculated eigenvalue for 233U fueled systems as a function of Above-Thermal Fission Fraction remain. The comprehensive nature of this critical benchmark suite and the generally accurate calculated eigenvalues obtained with ENDF/B-VII.1 neutron cross sections support the conclusion that this is the most accurate general purpose ENDF/B cross section library yet released to the technical community.

G. Palmiotti

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Production Well Performance Enhancement using Sonication Technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this project was to develop a sonic well performance enhancement technology that focused on near wellbore formation damage. In order to successfully achieve this objective, a three-year project was defined. The entire project was broken into four tasks. The overall objective of all this was to foster a better understanding of the mechanisms involved in sonic energy interactions with fluid flow in porous media and adapt such knowledge for field applications. The fours tasks are: • Laboratory studies • Mathematical modeling • Sonic tool design and development • Field demonstration The project was designed to be completed in three years; however, due to budget cuts, support was only provided for the first year, and hence the full objective of the project could not be accomplished. This report summarizes what was accomplished with the support provided by the US Department of Energy. Experiments performed focused on determining the inception of cavitation, studying thermal dissipation under cavitation conditions, investigating sonic energy interactions with glass beads and oil, and studying the effects of sonication on crude oil properties. Our findings show that the voltage threshold for onset of cavitation is independent of transducer-hydrophone separation distance. In addition, thermal dissipation under cavitation conditions contributed to the mobilization of deposited paraffins and waxes. Our preliminary laboratory experiments suggest that waxes are mobilized when the fluid temperature approaches 40°C. Experiments were conducted that provided insights into the interactions between sonic wave and the fluid contained in the porous media. Most of these studies were carried out in a slim-tube apparatus. A numerical model was developed for simulating the effect of sonication in the nearwellbore region. The numerical model developed was validated using a number of standard testbed problems. However, actual application of the model for scale-up purposes was limited due to funding constraints. The overall plan for this task was to perlorm field trials with the sonication tooL These trials were to be performed in production and/or injection wells located in Pennsylvania, New York, and West Virginia. Four new wells were drilled in preparation for the field demonstration. Baseline production data were collected and reservoir simulator tuned to simulate these oil reservoirs. The sonication tools were designed for these wells. However, actual field testing could not be carried out because of premature termination of the project.

Adewumi, Michael A; Ityokumbul, M Thaddeus; Watson, Robert W; Eltohami, Eltohami; Farias, Mario; Heckman, Glenn; Houlihan, Brendan; Karoor, Samata Prakash; Miller, Bruce G; Mohammed, Nazia; Olanrewaju, Johnson; Ozdemir, Mine; Rejepov, Dautmamed; Sadegh, Abdallah A; Quammie, Kevin E; Zaghloul, Jose; Hughes, W Jack; Montgomery, Thomas C

2005-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

400

Proposal for the utilization of the total cross section covariances and its correlations with channel reactions for sensitivity and uncertainty analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An alternate method for the estimation of the global uncertainty on criticality, using the total cross section and its covariances, is proposed. Application of the method with currently available covariance data leads to an unrealistically large prediction of the global uncertainty on criticality. New covariances for total cross section and individual reactions are proposed. Analysis with the proposed covariance matrices is found to result in a global uncertainty for criticality consistent with the traditional method. Recommendations are made to evaluators for providing total cross section covariances. (authors)

Sabouri, P.; Bidaud, A. [Labratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie, CNRS-IN2P3/UJF/INPG, Grenoble (France); Dabiran, S.; Buijs, A. [Dept. of Engineering Physics, McMaster Univ., Hamilton, ON (Canada)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vertical sonic cross-section" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Fragmentation cross sections of Fe^{26+}, Si^{14+} and C^{6+} ions of 0.3-10 A GeV on polyethylene, CR39 and aluminum targets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present new measurements of the total and partial fragmentation cross sections in the energy range 0.3-10 A GeV of 56Fe, 28Si and 12C beams on polyethylene, CR39 and aluminum targets. The exposures were made at BNL, USA and HIMAC, Japan. The CR39 nuclear track detectors were used to identify the incident and survived beams and their fragments. The total fragmentation cross sections for all targets are almost energy independent while they depend on the target mass. The measured partial fragmentation cross sections are also discussed.

Cecchini, S; Giacomelli, G; Giorgini, M; Kumar, A; Mandrioli, G; Manzoor, S; Margiotta, A R; Medinaceli, E; Patrizii, L; Popa, V; Qureshi, I E; Sirri, G; Spurio, M; Togo, V

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Fragmentation cross sections of Fe^{26+}, Si^{14+} and C^{6+} ions of 0.3-10 A GeV on CR39, polyethylene and aluminum targets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New measurements of the total and partial fragmentation cross sections in the energy range 0.3-10 A GeV of Fe^{26+}, Si^{14+} and C^{6+} beams on polyethylene, CR39 and aluminum targets are presented. The exposures were made at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), USA, and Heavy Ion Medical Accelerator in Chiba (HIMAC), Japan. The CR39 nuclear track detectors were used to identify the incident and survived beams and their fragments. The total fragmentation cross sections for all targets are almost energy independent while they depend on the target mass. The measured partial fragmentation cross sections are also discussed.

Miriam Giorgini

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Fragmentation cross sections of Fe^{26+}, Si^{14+} and C^{6+} ions of 0.3-10 A GeV on polyethylene, CR39 and aluminum targets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present new measurements of the total and partial fragmentation cross sections in the energy range 0.3-10 A GeV of 56Fe, 28Si and 12C beams on polyethylene, CR39 and aluminum targets. The exposures were made at BNL, USA and HIMAC, Japan. The CR39 nuclear track detectors were used to identify the incident and survived beams and their fragments. The total fragmentation cross sections for all targets are almost energy independent while they depend on the target mass. The measured partial fragmentation cross sections are also discussed.

S. Cecchini; T. Chiarusi; G. Giacomelli; M. Giorgini; A. Kumar; G. Mandrioli; S. Manzoor; A. R. Margiotta; E. Medinaceli; L. Patrizii; V. Popa; I. E. Qureshi; G. Sirri; M. Spurio; V. Togo

2008-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

404

Fragmentation cross sections of Fe^{26+}, Si^{14+} and C^{6+} ions of 0.3-10 A GeV on CR39, polyethylene and aluminum targets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New measurements of the total and partial fragmentation cross sections in the energy range 0.3-10 A GeV of Fe^{26+}, Si^{14+} and C^{6+} beams on polyethylene, CR39 and aluminum targets are presented. The exposures were made at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), USA, and Heavy Ion Medical Accelerator in Chiba (HIMAC), Japan. The CR39 nuclear track detectors were used to identify the incident and survived beams and their fragments. The total fragmentation cross sections for all targets are almost energy independent while they depend on the target mass. The measured partial fragmentation cross sections are also discussed.

Giorgini, Miriam

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Self-consistent calculations of the strength function and radiative neutron capture cross section for stable and unstable tin isotopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The E1 strength function for 15 stable and unstable Sn even-even isotopes from A=100 till A=176 are calculated using the self-consistent microscopic theory which, in addition to the standard (Q)RPA approach, takes into account the single-particle continuum and the phonon coupling. Our analysis shows two distinct regions for which the integral characteristics of both the giant and pygmy resonances behave rather differently. For neutron-rich nuclei, starting from $^{132}$Sn, we obtain a giant E1 resonance which significantly deviates from the widely-used systematics extrapolated from experimental data in the $\\beta$-stability valley. We show that the inclusion of the phonon coupling is necessary for a proper description of the low-energy pygmy resonances and the corresponding transition densities for $A132$ region the influence of phonon coupling is significantly smaller. The radiative neutron capture cross sections leading to the stable $^{124}$Sn and unstable $^{132}$Sn and $^{150}$Sn nuclei are calculated with both the (Q)RPA and the beyond-(Q)RPA strength functions and shown to be sensitive to both the predicted low-lying strength and the phonon coupling contribution. The comparison with the widely-used phenomenological Generalized Lorentzian approach shows considerable differences both for the strength function and the radiative neutron capture cross section. In particular, for the neutron-rich $^{150}$Sn, the reaction cross section is found to be increased by a factor greater than 20. We conclude that the present approach may provide a complete and coherent description of the $\\gamma$-ray strength function for astrophysics applications. In particular, such calculations are highly recommended for a reliable estimate of the electromagnetic properties of exotic nuclei.

A. Avdeenkov; S. Goriely; S. Kamerdzhiev; S. Krewald

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

406

Nuclear criticality safety evaluation of {sup 233}U storage configurations using ENDF/B-V cross sections  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Uranium-233 is currently stored in various chemical and physical forms in the Radiochernical Processing Plant (building 3019) and the Molten Salt Reactor (MSR) Facility (building 7503) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Criticality safety is an important concern that must be addressed in the storage of this fissile material for both normal and credible abnormal conditions. The purpose of the current work is to perform a criticality safety evaluation of the {sup 233}U inventory at ORNL using KENO V.a with ENDF/B-V cross sections.

Dunn, M.E.; Basoglu, B.; Bentley, C.L.; Goluoglu, S.; Haught, C.; Plaster, M.J.; Wilkinson, A.D.; Yamamoto, T.; Dodds, H.L. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

407

Formulation and solution of the delayed gamma dose rate problem using the concept of effective delayed gamma production cross section  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With appropriate approximations, the delayed gamma dose rate problem can be formulated in terms of the effective delayed gamma production cross section. The coupled neutron-delayed-gamma transport equations then take the same form as the coupled neutron-prompt-gamma transport equations and they can, therefore, be solved directly in the same manner. This eliminates the need for the tedious and error prone flux coupling step in conventional calculations. Mathematical formulation and solution algorithms are derived. The advantages of this method are illustrated by an example of its application in the solution of a practical design problem. 62 refs., 10 figs., 1 tab.

Liew, S.L.; Ku, L.P.

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Determining SUSY model parameters and masses at the LHC using cross-sections, kinematic edges and other observables.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ar X iv :h ep -p h/ 05 08 14 3v 2 3 0 A ug 2 00 5 Preprint typeset in JHEP style - HYPER VERSION CAV-HEP-2005-15 ATL-PHYS-PUB-2005-013 ATL-COM-PHYS-2005-033 Determining SUSY model parameters and masses at the LHC using cross-sections, kinematic... with the endpoint mea- surements. Note that p(m|eobs) is the equivalent of the P ?(x) defined later on in equation (A.2), as it is defined only up to an unknown normalisation constant. So, in order to plot the probability distribution, one follows the following...

Lester, Christopher G; Parker, Michael A; White, Martin J

409

Benchmark single-differential ionization cross section results for the {ital s}-wave model of electron-hydrogen scattering  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Exterior complex scaling enables one to compute the outgoing wave portion of the wave function for three charged particles without explicitly imposing the asymptotic boundary condition for three-body breakup. This technique is used in connection with a high-order finite difference scheme to provide numerically accurate single-differential ionization cross sections for the Temkin-Poet ({ital s}-wave) model of e-H scattering. These benchmark values are compared with results obtained from several recent close-coupling approaches that employ pseudostates to discretize the ionization continuum, but use a strictly two-body scattering formalism. {copyright} {ital 1999} {ital The American Physical Society}

Baertschy, M. [Department of Applied Science, University of California--Davis, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)] [Department of Applied Science, University of California--Davis, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Rescigno, T.N. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)] [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Isaacs, W.A.; McCurdy, C.W. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

New data on activation cross section for deuteron induced reactions on ytterbium up to 50 MeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Activation cross sections of deuteron induced reactions on ytterbium for production of $^{177g,173,172,171,170,169,167}$Lu, $^{177,175,169}$Yb and $^{173,168,167,165}$Tm were extended up to 50 MeV deuteron energy. The new data are in acceptable agreement with the earlier experimental data in the overlapping energy region. The experimental data are compared with the predictions of the ALICE-D, EMPIRE-D and TALYS 1.4 (TENDL-2013 on-line library results) codes.

F. Tárkányi; F. Ditrói; S. Takács; A. Hermanne; A. V. Ignatyuk

2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

411

Angular variation of the partial doubly differential cross sections for multiple ionization of argon atoms by electron impact  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Partial doubly differential cross sections {ital d}{sup 2}{sigma}({ital n})/{ital dEd}{Omega} for the production by electron impact of argon ions having charge states from {ital n}=1 to {ital n}=4 have been measured as a function of the angle of ejection {theta} in the range 40{degree}{lt}{theta}{lt}113{degree}, with the energies of the incident and ejected electrons being 1.0 keV and 200 eV, respectively. A comparison has been made with similar data from the literature and explanations have been offered for the behavior of the measured angular variations.

Chaudhry, M.A.; Duncan, A.J.; Hippler, R.; Kleinpoppen, H. (Atomic Physics Laboratory, Stirling University, Stirling, Scotland, FK94LA, United Kingdom (GB))

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Extended Optical Model Analyses of Elastic Scattering, Direct Reaction, and Fusion Cross Sections for the 9Be + 208Pb System at Near-Coulomb-Barrier Energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on the extended optical model approach in which the polarization potential is decomposed into direct reaction (DR) and fusion parts, simultaneous $\\chi^{2}$ analyses are performed for elastic scattering, DR, and fusion cross section data for the $^{9}$Be+$^{208}$Pb system at near-Coulomb-barrier energies. Similar $\\chi^{2}$ analyses are also performed by only taking into account the elastic scattering and fusion data as was previously done by the present authors, and the results are compared with those of the full analysis including the DR cross section data as well. We find that the analyses using only elastic scattering and fusion data can produce very consistent and reliable predictions of cross sections particularly when the DR cross section data are not complete. Discussions are also given on the results obtained from similar analyses made earlier for the $^{9}$Be+$^{209}$Bi system.

W. Y. So; S. W. Hong; B. T. Kim; T. Udagawa

2005-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

413

Direct measurement of {sup 12}C+{sup 4}He?{sup 16}O+? total cross section at E{sub cm}=1.2 MeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A fusion reaction of {sup 12}C+{sup 4}He?{sup 16}O+? is one of the main reactions in He-burning of stars and important for nucleosynthesis. The fusion cross section at stellar energy of E{sub cm}=0.3 MeV has not been determined precisely yet in spite of efforts for about 40 years. We plan to measure directly the total fusion cross section down to 0.7 MeV at Kyushu University Tandem accelerator Laboratory and to estimate the cross section at 0.3MeV by extrapolation. We have already measured the cross sections at 2.4 MeV and 1.5 MeV. The measurement at E{sub cm}=1.2 MeV is in progress.

Yamaguchi, H.; Sagara, K.; Fujita, K.; Kodama, D.; Narikiyo, Y.; Hamamoto, K.; Ban, T.; Tao, N.; Teranishi, T. [Department of Physics, Kyushu University (Japan)

2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

414

The Effects of personality and perceived stress on the well being of nursing and psychology students : a cross-sectional study   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A cross-sectional design was used to explore the relationships between personality, perceived stress and life satisfaction in a sample of nursing and psychology students studying in Edinburgh. Goldberg’s (2001) 50-item ...

Gardiner, Kirsty

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Measurements of fiducial and differential cross sections for Higgs boson production in the diphoton decay channel at ?s = 8 TeV with ATLAS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurements of fiducial and differential cross sections are presented for Higgs boson production in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of ?s = 8 TeV. The analysis is performed in the H ? ?? decay channel ...

Taylor, Frank E.

416

Sub-Barrier Fusion Cross-Sections of Neutron-Rich Light Nuclei Indiana University, GANIL, Western Michigan Univ., Michigan State Univ.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sub-Barrier Fusion Cross-Sections of Neutron-Rich Light Nuclei Indiana University, GANIL, Western Michigan Univ., Michigan State Univ. Theory support: Vanderbilt Univ.(Oberacker & Umar); Indiana Univ. (C

de Souza, Romualdo T.

417

Measurement of K(+) production cross section by 8 GeV protons using high-energy neutrino interactions in the SciBooNE detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The SciBooNE Collaboration reports K[superscript +] production cross section and rate measurements using high-energy daughter muon neutrino scattering data off the SciBar polystyrene (C[subscript 8]H[subscript 8]) target ...

Bugel, Leonard G.

418

Measurement of the t[bar over t] production cross section in pp collisions at ?s = 8 TeV in dilepton final states containing one ? lepton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The top-quark pair production cross section is measured in final states with one electron or muon and one hadronically decaying ? lepton from the process t[bar over t] ? (??[subscript ?])(??[subscript ?])b[bar over b], ...

Zhukova, Victoria

419

One-group fission cross sections for plutonium and minor actinides inserted in calculated neutron spectra of fast reactor cooled with lead-208 or lead-bismuth eutectic  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper is dedicated to one-group fission cross sections of Pu and MA in LFRs spectra with the aim to increase these values by choosing a coolant which hardens neutron spectra. It is shown that replacement of coolant from Pb-Bi with Pb-208 in the fast reactor RBEC-M, designed in Russia, leads to increasing the core mean neutron energy. As concerns fuel Pu isotopes, their one-group fission cross sections become slightly changed, while more dramatically Am-241 one-group fission cross section is changed. Another situation occurs in the lateral blanket containing small quantities of minor actinides. It is shown that as a result of lateral blanket mean neutron energy hardening the one-group fission cross sections of Np-237, Am-241 and Am-243 increases up to 8-11%. This result allows reducing the time of minor actinides burning in FRs. (authors)

Khorasanov, G. L.; Blokhin, A. I. [State Scientific Center of the Russian Federation, Inst. for Physics and Power Engineering Named after A.I. Leypunsky, Bondarenko Square 1, Obninsk, 249033 (Russian Federation)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Low-frequency absorption cross section of the electromagnetic waves for the extreme Reissner-Nordstrom black holes in higher dimensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the low-frequency absorption cross section of the electromagnetic waves for the extreme Reissner-Nordstrom black holes in higher dimensions. We first construct the exact solutions to the relevant wave equations in the zero-frequency limit. In most cases it is possible to use these solutions to find the transmission coefficients of partial waves in the low-frequency limit. We use these transmission coefficients to calculate the low-frequency absorption cross section in five and six spacetime dimensions. We find that this cross section is dominated by the modes with l=2 in the spherical-harmonic expansion rather than those with l=1, as might have been expected, because of the mixing between the electromagnetic and gravitational waves. We also find an upper limit for the low-frequency absorption cross section in dimensions higher than six.

Luis C. B. Crispino; Atsushi Higuchi; George E. A. Matsas

2010-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

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421

Fiducial and differential cross sections of Higgs boson production measured in the four-lepton decay channel in pp collisions at ?s = 8 TeV with the ATLAS detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurements of fiducial and differential cross sections of Higgs boson production in the H?ZZ*?4? decay channel are presented. The cross sections are determined within a fiducial phase space and corrected for detection ...

Taylor, Frank E.

422

Absorption and emission cross section of Yb3+ ions in Al2O3 and P2O5 doped fibers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The results of measurements of the emission and absorption cross section for the transition 2F5/2 -> 2F7/2 of Yb3+ ions in Al2O3 and P2O5 doped silica fibers are presented. Different techniques based on spectroscopic data, and more direct technique involving optical saturation of the transition are employed. The data obtained indicate an essential difference in cross section spectra of Yb3+ ions in alumosilicate and phosphosilicate fibers.

Melkumov, M A; Kravtsov, K S; Shubin, A V; Dianov, E M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

207Pb(n,2n{gamma})206Pb Cross-Section Measurements by In-Beam Gamma-Ray Spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

207Pb(n,2n{gamma})206Pb cross section were measured for incident neutron energies between 6 and 20 MeV with the white neutron beam produced at GELINA. The {gamma}-ray production cross section for the main transition (803 keV, 2+{yields} 0+) in 206Pb is compared to results obtained at Los Alamos and to the TALYS and EMPIRE-II code predictions.

Baumann, P.; Kerveno, M.; Rudolf, G. [IReS, IN2P3, Strasbourg (France); Borcea, C. [EC, JRC, IRMM, Geel (Belgium); NIPNE, Bucarest (Romania); Jericha, E. [Technische Universitaet Wien, Wien (Austria); Jokic, S. [INN Vinca, Belgrade (Serbia and Montenegro); Lukic, S. [IReS, IN2P3, Strasbourg (France); INN Vinca, Belgrade (Serbia and Montenegro); Mihailescu, L. C.; Plompen, A. J. M. [EC, JRC, IRMM, Geel (Belgium); Pavlik, A. [Universitaet Wien, Vienna (Austria)

2006-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

424

Measurement of the proton-air cross-section at $\\sqrt{s}=57$ TeV with the Pierre Auger Observatory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report a measurement of the proton-air cross section for particle production at the center-of-mass energy per nucleon of 57 TeV. This is derived from the distribution of the depths of shower maxima observed with the Pierre Auger Observatory: systematic uncertainties are studied in detail. Analyzing the tail of the distribution of the shower maxima, a proton-air cross section of [505 {+-} 22(stat){sub -36}{sup +28}(syst)] mb is found.

Collaboration, Auger

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Physics 123 Homework Problems, Spring 2011 1-1. The small piston of a hydraulic lift has a cross-sectional area  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physics 123 Homework Problems, Spring 2011 1-1. The small piston of a hydraulic lift has a cross-sectional area of A1 = 3.24 cm2 , and its large piston has a cross-sectional area of A2 = 235 cm2 (see figure). What force F1 must be applied to the small piston for it to raise a load of [01] kN? (In service

Hart, Gus

426

In-medium NN cross sections determined from the nuclear stopping and collective flow in heavy-ion collisions at intermediate energies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In-medium nucleon-nucleon scattering cross sections are explored by comparing results of quantum molecular dynamics simulations to data on stopping and on elliptic and directed flow in intermediate-energy heavy-ion collisions. The comparison points to in-medium cross sections which are suppressed at low energies but not at higher energies. Positive correlations are found between the degree of stopping and the magnitudes of elliptic and directed flows.

Zhang Yingxun [China Institute of Atomic Energy, P.O. Box 275 (18), Beijing 102413 (China); Li Zhuxia [China Institute of Atomic Energy, P.O. Box 275 (18), Beijing 102413 (China); Center of Theoretical Nuclear Physics, National Laboratory of Lanzhou Heavy Ion Accelerator, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academic of Science, Beijing 100080 (China); Danielewicz, Pawel [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States)

2007-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

427

Verification study of thorium cross section in MVP calculation of thorium based fuel core using experimental data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Considering the importance of thorium data and concerning about the accuracy of Th-232 cross section library, a series of experiments of thorium critical core carried out at KUCA facility of Kyoto Univ. Research Reactor Inst. have been analyzed. The core was composed of pure thorium plates and 93% enriched uranium plates, solid polyethylene moderator with hydro to U-235 ratio of 140 and Th-232 to U-235 ratio of 15.2. Calculations of the effective multiplication factor, control rod worth, reactivity worth of Th plates have been conducted by MVP code using JENDL-4.0 library [1]. At the experiment site, after achieving the critical state with 51 fuel rods inserted inside the reactor, the measurements of the reactivity worth of control rod and thorium sample are carried out. By comparing with the experimental data, the calculation overestimates the effective multiplication factor about 0.90%. Reactivity worth of the control rods evaluation using MVP is acceptable with the maximum discrepancy about the statistical error of the measured data. The calculated results agree to the measurement ones within the difference range of 3.1% for the reactivity worth of one Th plate. From this investigation, further experiments and research on Th-232 cross section library need to be conducted to provide more reliable data for thorium based fuel core design and safety calculation. (authors)

Mai, V. T.; Fujii, T.; Wada, K.; Kitada, T. [Osaka Univ., 2-1, Yamadaoka, Suita-shi, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Takaki, N.; Yamaguchi, A.; Watanabe, H. [Tokai Univ., 4-1-1 Kitakaname, Hiratsuka-shi, Kanagawa, 259-1292 (Japan); Unesaki, H. [Kyoto Univ. Research Reactor Inst., Asahiro-nishi, Kumatori-cho, Sennan-gun, Osaka 590-0494 (Japan)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Improved algorithms for the calculation of resolved resonance cross sections with applications to the structural Doppler effect in fast reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Motivated by a need for an economical yet rigorous tool which can address the computation of the structural material Doppler effect, an extremely efficient improved RABANL capability has been developed utilizing the fact that the Doppler broadened line shape functions become essentially identical to the natural line shape functions or Lorentzian limits beyond about 100 Doppler widths from the resonance energy, or when the natural width exceeds about 200 Doppler widths. The computational efficiency has been further enhanced by preprocessing or screening a significant number of selected resonances during library preparation into composition and temperature independent smooth background cross sections. The resonances which are suitable for such pre-processing are those which are either very broad or those which are very weak. The former contribute very little to the Doppler effect and their self-shielding effect can readily be averaged into slowly varying background cross section data, while the latter contribute very little to either the Doppler or to self-shielding effects. To illustrate the accuracy and efficiency of the improved RABANL algorithms and resonance screening techniques, calculations have been performed for two systems, the first with a composition typical of the STF converter region and the second typical of an LMFBR core composition. Excellent agreement has been found for RABANL compared to the reference Monte Carlo solution obtained using the code VIM, and improved results have also been obtained for the narrow resonance approximation in the ultra-fine-group option of MC/sup 2/-2.

Hwang, R.N.; Toppel, B.J.; Henryson, H. II

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Measurement and Basic Physics Committee of the U.S. Cross-Section Evaluation Working Group annual report 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Cross-Section Evaluation Working Group (CSEWG) is a long-standing committee charged with responsibility for organizing and overseeing the US cross-section evaluation effort. It`s main product is the official US evaluated nuclear data file, ENDF. In 1992 CSEWG added the Measurements Committee to its list of standing committees and subcommittees. This action was based on a recognition of the importance of experimental data in the evaluation process as well as the realization that measurement activities in the US were declining at an alarming rate and needed considerable encouragement to avoid the loss of this resource. The mission of the Committee is to maintain contact with experimentalists in the Us and to encourage them to contribute to the national nuclear data effort. Improved communication and the facilitation of collaborative activities are among the tools employed in achieving this objective. In 1994 the Committee was given an additional mission, namely, to serve as an interface between the applied interests represented in CSEWG and the basic nuclear science community. Accordingly, its name was changed to the Measurement and Basic Physics Committee. The present annual report is the third such document issued by the Committee. It contains voluntary contributions from several laboratories in the US. Their contributions were submitted to the Chairman for compilation and editing.

Smith, D.L. [ed.] [comp.] [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)] [ed.; comp.; Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); McLane, V. [ed.] [comp.] [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)] [ed.; comp.; Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

B-spline algebraic diagrammatic construction: Application to photoionization cross-sections and high-order harmonic generation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the first implementation of the ab initio many-body Green's function method, algebraic diagrammatic construction (ADC), in the B-spline single-electron basis. B-spline versions of the first order [ADC(1)] and second order [ADC(2)] schemes for the polarization propagator are developed and applied to the ab initio calculation of static (photoionization cross-sections) and dynamic (high-order harmonic generation spectra) quantities. We show that the cross-section features that pose a challenge for the Gaussian basis calculations, such as Cooper minima and high-energy tails, are found to be reproduced by the B-spline ADC in a very good agreement with the experiment. We also present the first dynamic B-spline ADC results, showing that the effect of the Cooper minimum on the high-order harmonic generation spectrum of Ar is correctly predicted by the time-dependent ADC calculation in the B-spline basis. The present development paves the way for the application of the B-spline ADC to both energy- and time-resolved theoretical studies of many-electron phenomena in atoms, molecules, and clusters.

Ruberti, M.; Averbukh, V. [Department of Physics, Imperial College London, Prince Consort Road, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Decleva, P. [Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche, Universita’ di Trieste, Via Giorgieri 1, I-34127 Trieste (Italy)

2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

431

Differential cross section and recoil polarization measurements for the gamma p to K+ Lambda reaction using CLAS at Jefferson Lab  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present measurements of the differential cross section and Lambda recoil polarization for the gamma p to K+ Lambda reaction made using the CLAS detector at Jefferson Lab. These measurements cover the center-of-mass energy range from 1.62 to 2.84 GeV and a wide range of center-of-mass K+ production angles. Independent analyses were performed using the K+ p pi- and K+ p (missing pi -) final-state topologies; results from these analyses were found to exhibit good agreement. These differential cross section measurements show excellent agreement with previous CLAS and LEPS results and offer increased precision and a 300 MeV increase in energy coverage. The recoil polarization data agree well with previous results and offer a large increase in precision and a 500 MeV extension in energy range. The increased center-of-mass energy range that these data represent will allow for independent study of non-resonant K+ Lambda photoproduction mechanisms at all production angles.

M. E. McCracken; M. Bellis; C. A. Meyer; M. Williams; for the CLAS Collaboration

2009-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

432

The Influence of in-medium NN cross-sections, symmetry potential and impact parameter on the isospin observables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We explore the influence of in-medium nucleon-nucleon cross section, symmetry potential and impact parameter on isospin sensitive observables in intermediate-energy heavy-ion collisions with the ImQMD05 code, a modified version of Quantum Molecular Dynamics model. At incident velocities above the Fermi velocity, we find that the density dependence of symmetry potential plays a more important role on the double neutron to proton ratio $DR(n/p)$ and the isospin transport ratio $R_i$ than the in-medium nucleon-nucleon cross sections, provided that the latter are constrained to a fixed total NN collision rate. We also explore both $DR(n/p)$ and $R_i$ as a function of the impact parameter. Since the copious production of intermediate mass fragments is a distinguishing feature of intermediate-energy heavy-ion collisions, we examine the isospin transport ratios constructed from different groups of fragments. We find that the values of the isospin transport ratios for projectile rapidity fragments with $Z\\ge20$ are greater than those constructed from the entire projectile rapidity source. We believe experimental investigations of this phenomenon can be performed. These may provide significant tests of fragmentation time scales predicted by ImQMD calculations.

Yingxun Zhang; D. D. S. Coupland; P. Danielewicz; Zhuxia Li; Hang Liu; Fei Lu; W. G. Lynch; M. B. Tsang

2010-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

433

1-D closure models for slender 3-D viscoelastic free jets: von Karman flow geometry and elliptical cross section  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper we derive one space dimensional, reduced systems of equations (1-D closure models) for viscoelastic free jets. We begin with the three-dimensional system of conservation laws and a Maxwell-Jeffreys constitutive law for an incompressible viscoelastic fluid. First, we exhibit exact truncations to a finite, closed system of 1-D equations based on classical velocity assumptions of von Karman. Next, we demonstrate that the 3-D free surface boundary conditions overconstrain these truncated systems, so that only a very limited class of solutions exist. We then proceed to derive approximate 1-D closure theories through a slender jet asymptotic scaling, combined with appropriate definitions of velocity, pressure and stress unknowns. Our nonaxisymmetric 1-D slender jet models incorporate the physical effects of inertia, viscoelasticity (viscosity, relaxation and retardation), gravity, surface tension, and properties of the ambient fluid, and include shear stresses and time dependence. Previous special 1-D slender jet models correspond to the lowest order equations in the present asymptotic theory by an a posteriori suppression to leading order of some of these effects, and a reduction to axisymmetry. Solutions of the lowest order system of equations in this asymptotic analysis are presented: For the special cases of elliptical inviscid and Newtonian free jets, subject to the effects of surface tension and gravity, our model predicts oscillation of the major axis of the free surface elliptical cross section between perpendicular directions with distance down the jet, and drawdown of the cross section, in agreement with observed behavior. 15 refs.

Bechtel, S.E.; Forest, M.G.; Holm, D.D.; Lin, K.J.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Vacuum-UV spectroscopy of interstellar ice analogs. II. Absorption cross-sections of nonpolar ice molecules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dust grains in cold circumstellar regions and dark-cloud interiors at 10-20 K are covered by ice mantles. A nonthermal desorption mechanism is invoked to explain the presence of gas-phase molecules in these environments, such as the photodesorption induced by irradiation of ice due to secondary ultraviolet photons. To quantify the effects of ice photoprocessing, an estimate of the photon absorption in ice mantles is required. In a recent work, we reported the vacuum-ultraviolet (VUV) absorption cross sections of nonpolar molecules in the solid phase. The aim was to estimate the VUV-absorption cross sections of nonpolar molecular ice components, including CH4, CO2, N2, and O2. The column densities of the ice samples deposited at 8 K were measured in situ by infrared spectroscopy in transmittance. VUV spectra of the ice samples were collected in the 120-160 nm (10.33-7.74 eV) range using a commercial microwave-discharged hydrogen flow lamp. We found that, as expected, solid N2 has the lowest VUV-absorption cros...

Cruz-Diaz, G A; Chen, Y -J; Yih, T -S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Influence of Surface Preparation on Scanning Kelvin Probe Microscopy and Electron Backscatter Diffraction Analysis of Cross Sections of CdTe/CdS Solar Cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) provides information on the crystallographic structure of a sample, while scanning Kelvin probe microscopy (SKPM) provides information on its electrical properties. The advantage of these techniques is their high spatial resolution, which cannot be attained with any other techniques. However, because these techniques analyze the top layers of the sample, surface or cross section features directly influence the results of the measurements, and sample preparation is a main step in the analysis. In this work we investigated different methods to prepare cross sections of CdTe/CdS solar cells for EBSD and SKPM analyses. We observed that procedures used to prepare surfaces for EBSD are not suitable to prepare cross sections, and we were able to develop a process using polishing and ion-beam milling. This process resulted in very good results and allowed us to reveal important aspects of the cross section of the CdTe films. For SKPM, polishing and a light ion-beam milling resulted in cross sections that provided good data. We were able to observe the depletion region on the CdTe film and the p-n junction as well as the interdiffusion layer between CdTe and CdS. However, preparing good-quality cross sections for SKPM is not a reproducible process, and artifacts are often observed.

Moutinho, H. R.; Dhere, R. G.; Jiang, C. S.; Al-Jassim, M. M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Neutron inelastic-scattering cross sections of /sup 232/Th, /sup 233/U, /sup 235/U, /sup 238/U, /sup 239/Pu and /sup 240/Pu. [LMFBR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Differential-neutron-emission cross sections of /sup 232/Th, /sup 233/U, /sup 235/U, /sup 238/U, /sup 239/Pu and /sup 240/Pu are measured between approx. = 1.0 and 3.5 MeV with the angle and magnitude detail needed to provide angle-integrated emission cross sections to approx. < 3% accuracies. Emitted-neutron resolutions are quantitatively defined and vary from approx. = 0.1 to 0.35 MeV. The experimental results are corrected for fisson-neutron contributions to obtain pseudo-elastic-neutron-scattering cross sections which, together with the neutron total cross sections, define the non-elastic cross sections to within well specified energy resolutions. These results imply inelastic-neutron-scattering cross sections which are compared with comparable quantities derived from ENDF/B-V. Good general agreement is noted for /sup 232/Th, /sup 233/U, /sup 235/U and /sup 238/U inelastic-scattering values, poor agreement is observed for /sup 240/Pu, and a serious discrepancy exists in the case of /sup 239/Pu.

Smith, A.B.; Guenther, P.T.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Line-resolved M-shell x-ray production cross sections of Pb and Bi induced by highly charged C and F ions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Measurement on the M-shell x-ray production cross sections are reported for Pb and Bi induced by the highly charged F (only on Pb) and C ions (on both). The energy of the incident ions was varied between 20 and 102 MeV. We have derived the absolute cross sections for M{alpha}{beta} and M{gamma} lines as well as the total M x-ray cross sections. The measured cross sections are compared with available theoretical calculations, namely, the ECPSSR based on the perturbed-stationary state approximation including the effects due to the increased binding energy, Coulomb deflection (C), energy-loss (E), and relativistic (R) wave function. The energy shifts and the intensity ratios of M{alpha}{beta} and M{gamma} lines are shown to depend on the projectile atomic number. The M{gamma} x-ray cross sections are unusually higher compared to the ECPSSR prediction that is primarily attributed to a dramatic enhancement in the M{sub 3}-subshell fluorescence yield owing to multiple vacancies in N subshells. This enhancement has been quantified and it is shown that the enhancement depends on the projectile atomic number. In addition we have derived the x-ray cross section arising due to M-K-shell electron transfer from a study of a charge state dependence of M-shell x-ray yields.

Singh, Y. P.; Misra, D.; Kadhane, U.; Tribedi, Lokesh C. [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Colaba, Mumbai 400 005 (India)

2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

438

Measurement of the inclusive isolated prompt photon production cross section at the Tevatron using the CDF detector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this thesis we present the measurement of the inclusive isolated prompt photon cross section with a total integrated luminosity of 2.5 fb{sup -1} of data collected with the CDF Run II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The prompt photon cross section is a classic measurement to test perturbative QCD (pQCD) with potential to provide information on the parton distribution function (PDF), and sensitive to the presence of new physics at large photon transverse momentum. Prompt photons also constitute an irreducible background for important searches such as H {yields} {gamma}{gamma}, or SUSY and extra-dimensions with energetic photons in the final state. The Tevatron at Fermilab (Batavia, U.S.A.) is currently the hadron collider that operates at the highest energies in the world. It collides protons and antiprotons with a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV. The CDF and the D0 experiments are located in two of its four interaction regions. In Run I at the Tevatron, the direct photon production cross section was measured by both CDF and DO, and first results in Run II have been presented by the DO Collaboration based on 380 pb{sup -1}. Both Run I and Run II results show agreement with the theoretical predictions except for the low p{sub T}{sup {gamma}} region, where the observed and predicted shapes are different. Prompt photon production has been also extensively measured at fixed-target experiments in lower p{sub T}{sup {gamma}} ranges, showing excess of data compared to the theory, particularly at high x{sub T}. From an experimental point of view, the study of the direct photon production has several advantages compared to QCD studies using jets. Electromagnetic calorimeters have better energy resolution than hadronic calorimeters, and the systematic uncertainty on the photon absolute energy scale is smaller. Furthermore, the determination of the photon kinematics does not require the use of jet algorithms. However, the measurements using photons require a good understanding of the background, mainly dominated by light mesons ({pi}{sup 0} and {eta}) which decay into two very collinear photons. Since these photons are produced within a jet, they tend to be non-isolated in most of the cases, and can be suppressed by requiring the photon candidates to be isolated in the calorimeter. In the case the hard scattered parton hadronizes leaving most of its energy to the meson, the photon produced in the decay will not be surrounded by large energy depositions. To further reduce this remaining isolated background, we present a new technique based on the isolation distribution in the calorimeter. The measured cross section is compared to next-to-leading order (NLO) pQCD calculations, which have been corrected for non-perturbative contributions. This thesis is organized as follows: we start with a brief review of QCD theory and the formalism to calculate cross sections in Chapter 2, where we also introduce the physics of prompt photon production and summarize the current status of the prompt photon phenomenology. Chapter 3 contains a description of the Tevatron and the CDF detector. The experimental measurement is described in Chapter 4, where we provide details on the different datasets used in the measurement, the trigger, and the event selection requirements. Most of this Chapter is devoted to the explanation of the background subtraction method and the determination of the photon signal fraction. The systematic uncertainties on the measurement are evaluated in Chapter 5, while Chapter 6 discusses the final results and the comparison to the theoretical predictions. Finally, the conclusions are presented in Chapter 7.

Deluca Silberberg, Carolina; /Barcelona, IFAE

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Measurement of the single top production cross section in proton-antiproton collisions at 1.96 TeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This thesis describes a search for singly produced top quarks via an electroweak vertex in head-on proton-antiproton collisions at a center of mass energy of {radical}s = 1.96 TeV. The analysis uses a total of 2.3 fb{sup -1} of data collected with the D0 detector at Fermilab, corresponding to two different run periods of the Tevatron collider. Two channels contribute to single top quark production at the Tevatron, the s-channel and the t-channel. In the s-channel, a virtual W boson is produced from the aniquilation of a quark and an antiquark and a top and a bottom quarks are produced from the W decay. The top quark decays almost exclusively into a W boson and a bottom quark. Final states are considered in which the W boson decays leptonically into an electron or a muon plus a neutrino. Thus, at the detector level, the final state characterizing the s-channel contains one lepton, missing energy accounting for the neutrino, and two jets from the two bottom quarks. In the t-channel, the final state has an additional jet coming from a light quark. Clearly, a precise reconstruction of the events requires a precise measurement of the energy of the jets. A multivariate technique, Bayesian neural networks, is used to extract the single top signal from the overwhelming background still left after event selection. A Bayesian likelihood probability is then computed to measure the single top cross section. Assuming the observed excess is due to single top events, the measured single top quark production cross section is {sigma}(p{bar p} {yields} tb + X, tqb + X) = 4.70{sub -0.93}{sup +1.18} pb. The observed excess is associated with a p-value of (3.2 {+-} 2.3) x 10{sup -8}, assuming the background-only hypothesis. This p-value corresponds to an excess over background of 5.4 standard deviations for a Gaussian density. The p-value computed using the standard model signal cross section of 3.46 pb is (22.7 {+-} 0.6) x 10{sup -6}, corresponding to an expected significance of 4.08 standard deviations.

Tanasijczuk, Andres Jorge; /Buenos Aires U.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Observation of a backward peak in the gamma d ---> pi0 d cross- section near the eta threshold  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High-quality cross sections for the reaction gamma+d->pi^0+d have been measured using the CLAS at Jefferson Lab over a wide energy range near and above the eta-meson photoproduction threshold. At backward c.m. angles for the outgoing pions, we observe a resonance-like structure near E_gamma=700 MeV. Our model analysis shows that it can be explained by eta excitation in the intermediate state. The effect is the result of the contribution of the N(1535)S_11 resonance to the amplitudes of the subprocesses occurring between the two nucleons and of a two-step process in which the excitation of an intermediate eta meson dominates.

Yordanka Ilieva; Barry Berman; Alexander Kudryavtsev; I.I. Strakovsky; V.E. Tarasov; Moscov Amaryan; Pawel Ambrozewicz; Marco Anghinolfi; G. Asryan; Harutyun Avakian; Hovhannes Baghdasaryan; Nathan Baillie; Jacques Ball; Nathan Baltzell; V. Batourine; Marco Battaglieri; Ivan Bedlinski; Ivan Bedlinskiy; Matthew Bellis; Nawal Benmouna; Angela Biselli; Sylvain Bouchigny; Sergey Boyarinov; Robert Bradford; Derek Branford; William Briscoe; William Brooks; Stephen Bueltmann; Volker Burkert; Cornel Butuceanu; John Calarco; Sharon Careccia; Daniel Carman; Shifeng Chen; Philip Cole; Patrick Collins; Philip Coltharp; Donald Crabb; Volker Crede; R. De Masi; Enzo De Sanctis; Raffaella De Vita; Pavel Degtiarenko; Alexandre Deur; Richard Dickson; Chaden Djalali; Gail Dodge; Joseph Donnelly; David Doughty; Michael Dugger; Oleksandr Dzyubak; Hovanes Egiyan; Kim Egiyan; Latifa Elouadrhiri; Paul Eugenio; Gleb Fedotov; Gerald Feldman; Herbert Funsten; Michel Garcon; Gagik Gavalian; Gerard Gilfoyle; Kevin Giovanetti; Francois-Xavier Girod; John Goetz; Atilla Gonenc; Ralf Gothe; Keith Griffioen; Michel Guidal; Nevzat Guler; Lei Guo; Vardan Gyurjyan; Kawtar Hafidi; Rafael Hakobyan; F. Hersman; Kenneth Hicks; Ishaq Hleiqawi; Maurik Holtrop; Charles Hyde; Charles Hyde-Wright; David Ireland; Boris Ishkhanov; Eugeny Isupov; Mark Ito; David Jenkins; Hyon-Suk Jo; Kyungseon Joo; Henry Juengst; Narbe Kalantarians; James Kellie; Mahbubul Khandaker; Wooyoung Kim; Andreas Klein; Franz Klein; Mikhail Kossov; Zebulun Krahn; Laird Kramer; V. Kubarovsky; Joachim Kuhn; Sebastian Kuhn; Sergey Kuleshov; Jeff Lachniet; Jean Laget; Jorn Langheinrich; David Lawrence; Kenneth Livingston; Haiyun Lu; Marion MacCormick; Nikolai Markov; Bryan McKinnon; Bernhard Mecking; Mac Mestayer; Curtis Meyer; Tsutomu Mibe; Konstantin Mikhaylov; Marco Mirazita; Rory Miskimen; Viktor Mokeev; Kei Moriya; Steven Morrow; M. Moteabbed; E. Munevar; Gordon Mutchler; Pawel Nadel-Turonski; Rakhsha Nasseripour; Silvia Niccolai; Gabriel Niculescu; Maria-Ioana Niculescu; Bogdan Niczyporuk; Megh Niroula; Rustam Niyazov; Mina Nozar; Mikhail Osipenko; Alexander Ostrovidov; K. Park; Evgueni Pasyuk; Craig Paterson; Joshua Pierce; Nikolay Pivnyuk; Oleg Pogorelko; S. Pozdniakov; John Price; Yelena Prok; Dan Protopopescu; Brian Raue; Giovanni Ricco; Marco Ripani; Barry Ritchie; Federico Ronchetti; Guenther Rosner; Patrizia Rossi; Franck Sabatie; Carlos Salgado; Joseph Santoro; Vladimir Sapunenko; Reinhard Schumacher; Vladimir Serov; Youri Sharabian; Nikolay Shvedunov; Elton Smith; Lee Smith; Daniel Sober; Aleksey Stavinskiy; Samuel Stepanyan; Stepan Stepanyan; Burnham Stokes; Paul Stoler; Steffen Strauch; Mauro Taiuti; David Tedeschi; Ulrike Thoma; Avtandil Tkabladze; Svyatoslav Tkachenko; Clarisse Tur; Maurizio Ungaro; Michael Vineyard; Alexander Vlassov; Lawrence Weinstein; Dennis Weygand; M. Williams; Elliott Wolin; Michael Wood; Amrit Yegneswaran; Lorenzo Zana; Jixie Zhang; Bo Zhao; Zhiwen Zhao

2007-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

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