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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "venezuela 1960-present countries" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

‹ Countries Venezuela Background - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Venezuela nationalized its oil industry in the 1970s, creating Petroleos de Venezuela S.A. (PdVSA), ... Worldwide Energy Worldwide Projects ...

2

The Ambiguous Transition: Building State Capacity and Expanding Popular Participation in Venezuela's Agrarian Reform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

El Universal, Caracas, Venezuela. Bengelsdorf, Carollee.Crisis and Reform in Venezuela. ” Journal of Interamerican2):27-61. Datamonitor. (2004). “Venezuela Country Profile. ”

Page, Tiffany Linton

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

CO{sub 2} emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of Energy in the long term. Volume 2, Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, and Venezuela  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. Of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world`s share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist energy demand in developing will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. These individual studies were conducted fro Argentina, Brazil, Mexico and Venezuela in Latin America.

Ketoff, A.; Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. [eds.

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

An Energy Overview of Venezuela  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The DOE Office of Fossil Energy is maintaining a web site that is meant to provide useful business- and energy-related information about countries and regions of the world for exporters, project developers, and researchers. The site consists of more than 130 country pages (organized into seven different world regions), with each country page having its own set of links to information sources about that country. There are also more than 30 Country Energy Overviews at the web site -- each of these is a comprehensive review of a specific country's entire energy situation, including sections on Energy Policy, Oil, Natural Gas, Coal, Hydroelectric/Renewables, Nuclear Power, Energy Transmission Infrastructure, Electricity, Electric Industry Overview, Environmental Activities, Privatization, Trade, and Economic Situation. The specific country highlighted in this Country Energy Overview is Venezuela. The site is designed to be dynamic. Updates to the overviews will be made as need and resources permit.

anon.

2003-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

5

Forecasting the Anomalous Discharge of the Caroní River, Venezuela  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study develops methods for the extended-range forecasting of the February–March minimum of water discharge of the Caroní River in eastern Venezuela, a watershed providing more than 70% of the hydroelectric power for the country. The ...

Stefan Hastenrath; Lawrence Greischar; Esperanza Colón; Alfredo Gil

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

NPP Grassland: Calabozo, Venezuela  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Calabozo, Venezuela, 1969-1987 Calabozo, Venezuela, 1969-1987 [PHOTOGRAPH] Photograph: General view of the Trachypogon savanna at Calabozo (click on the photo to view a series of images from this site). Data Citation Cite this data set as follows: San Jose, J., and R. A. Montés. 1998. NPP Grassland: Calabozo, Venezuela, 1969-1987. Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. Description Productivity of a humid savanna was determined at the Estacion Biologica de Los Llanos, Calabozo, beginning in 1969. Much of the research work at this site has been carried out by staff from, or in association with, the Ecology Centre of the Venezuelan Institute for Scientific Research (Centro de Ecologia, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Cientificas - IVIC).

7

LPG in Venezuela  

SciTech Connect

The use of LPG for domestic consumption in Venezuela began in late 1929 when LPG was imported in lots of 500 cylinders. These cylinders were then returned to the U.S. for refilling. Total consumption at that time was some 40M/sup 3/ (250 barrels) per year and by 1937 had grown to some 540M/sup 3/ (3,400 barrels) per year. Local production of LPG from gas began in the mid thirties with a small cooling plant in the Mene Grande Field in the Lake Maracaibo area, the first field to produce oil in Venezuela (1914). This plant produced gasoline for a refinery and some of the first LPG used in Venezuela for domestic consumption. The capacity of this plant was insufficient to satisfy the growing demand for LPG which was supplied from refinery production until the development of the natural gas processing industry. At the present time, Venezuelan refineries are net consumers of LPG.

Romero, O.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Venezuela`s gas industry poised for long term growth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Venezuela`s enormous gas resource, combined with a new willingness to invite outside investment, could result in rapid growth in that industry into the next century. The development of liquefied natural gas exports will depend on the future course of gas prices in the US and Europe, but reserves are adequate to supply additional projects beyond the proposed Cristobal Colon project. Venezuela`s gas reserves are likely to increase if exploration for nonassociated gas is undertaken on a larger scale. The paper discusses gas reserves in Venezuela, internal gas markets, the potential for exports, competition from Trinidad, LNG export markets, and the encouragement of foreign investment in the gas industry of Venezuela.

Croft, G.D. [Pantera Petroleum Inc., San Leandro, CA (United States)

1995-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

9

¿Qué pasa con el teatro de Venezuela?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PASA CON EL TEATRO El\\l VENEZUELA? Lü nueva diaiiiatiirgiaRico contó con Cámara de Venezuela, grupo que presentó diuoallí que, a pesar de que Venezuela sea probablemente el país

Castillo, Susana D.

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Venezuela recasts itself as a new frontier in the Americas  

SciTech Connect

In January of this year, Venezuela captured the attention of the international energy community by welcoming back the foreign oil companies that, 20 years earlier, it had shut out of the country by nationalizing the hydrocarbon sector. The tool used to attract that attention, a new exploration bidding round, is the most publicized event staged to date in the country`s aperture process. However, it is only the latest in a series of steps taken by officials to bring international oil and gas companies back to Caracas. Venezuela`s physical attraction is easily understood. The country possesses roughly one-half of Latin America`s (including Mexico) 125 billion bbl of established, conventional crude oil reserves, plus an estimated 300 billion bbl of additional, nonconventional reserves in the ultra-heavy crude belt of the Orinoco basin. Averaging 2.8 million bpd in 1996, Venezuelan crude production represents over 35% of regional oil output. Natural gas reserves total 138 Tcf, or just over one-half of the region`s total reserves of 274 Tcfg. Annual gas output averages just under 5 Tcf, of which roughly 30% is reinjected as part of tertiary oil recovery schemes. This paper reviews the incentives, deregulation, and government policies to restore the oil and gas industry to the country.

Reinsch, A.E. [Canadian Energy Research Inst., Calgary, Alberta (Canada)

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Waxes Imports from Venezuela  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

12

Kerosene Imports from Venezuela  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

13

The Price of Political Opposition: Evidence from Venezuela's Maisanta  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spending in Chavez’s Venezuela”, unpublished manuscript,de la discriminación política en Venezuela. Caracas: Súmate.Producto Interno Bruto de Venezuela, 1957-2001. ” Revista

Hsieh, Chang-Tai; Miguel, Edward; Ortega, Daniel; Rodriguez, Francisco

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

State and Power after Neoliberalism in Bolivarian Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gobierno Bolivariano de Venezuela. ———. 2005. Understandingp. 3–15. ———. 2007b. Venezuela: Hugo Chávez and the DeclineA Closed Bridge Mirrors Venezuela’s Many Woes. ” The New

Kingsbury, Donald V.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Plenia Locatel Group: Globalizing from Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 2009 the founders and top executives of Plenia Locatel Group, a retail business in Venezuela specializing in health care products and services, were planning a global

Gibson, Cyrus

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

A Non Parametric Study of the Volatility of the Economy as a Country Risk Predictor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper intends to explain Venezuela's country spread behavior through the Neural Networks analysis of a monthly economic activity general index of economic indicators constructed by the Central Bank of Venezuela, a measure of the shocks affecting country risk of emerging markets and the U.S. short term interest rate. The use of non parametric methods allowed the finding of non linear relationship between these inputs and the country risk. The networks performance was evaluated using the method of excess predictability.

Costanzo, Sabatino; Dominguez, Ramses; Moreno, William

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Venezuela. [LPG marketing and production  

SciTech Connect

Liquefied petroleum gas marketing and production from Venezuela are not very complicated or big in the business. There is moderate LPG production since the main production comes from oil. There is about 2.3 million bpd of oil production compared with less than 70,000 bpd of gas liquids. Of more than 95% of the associated gas produced with the oil, 50% is injected as a condensate recovery process. Up to now, the LPG plants have been producing only a trickle, most of it from gas before it was injected. In the future program for gas utilization, it is estimated that by 1980 about twice the liquid that is now being produced would be available for exportation to natural markets of the Gulf of Mexico and the east coast. The production of about 7 million tons until the year 2000 can be continued with good conservation and with the future potential area that has been discovered in the south part of the lake and offshore Venezuela.

Reyes, A.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Venezuela - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration ... solar, wind, geothermal, ... Central & South America World. Rank . Venezuela: Production

19

Massive Variability Surveys from Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

At the Venezuela National Astronomical Observatory we are carrying out variability surveys spanning many hundreds of square degrees near the celestial equator, using an 8k x 8k CCD Mosaic Camera optimized for drift-scanning on a 1m Schmidt telescope. Among the initial efforts was a project to obtain the first moderately deep, homogeneous sample of young stars over an area of ? 180sqr.deg. encompassing the entire Orion OB1 association, one of the nearest and most active regions of star formation. The results show that variability is a powerful technique to identify pre-main sequence populations, specially in sparse areas devoid of gas and dust. We are currently developing a massive database, equipped with web-based data mining tools, that will make our data and results available to the astronomical community. 1.

C. D. Impey; C. E. Petry; César Briceño

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Massive Variability Surveys from Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

At the Venezuela National Astronomical Observatory we are carrying out variability surveys spanning many hundreds of square degrees near the celestial equator, using an 8k x 8k CCD Mosaic Camera optimized for drift-scanning on a 1m Schmidt telescope. Among the initial efforts was a project to obtain the first moderately deep, homogeneous sample of young stars over an area of ~180sqr.deg. encompassing the entire Orion OB1 association, one of the nearest and most active regions of star formation. The results show that variability is a powerful technique to identify pre-main sequence populations, specially in sparse areas devoid of gas and dust. We are currently developing a massive database, equipped with web-based data mining tools, that will make our data and results available to the astronomical community.

Briceño, C

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "venezuela 1960-present countries" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Massive Variability Surveys from Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

At the Venezuela National Astronomical Observatory we are carrying out variability surveys spanning many hundreds of square degrees near the celestial equator, using an 8k x 8k CCD Mosaic Camera optimized for drift-scanning on a 1m Schmidt telescope. Among the initial efforts was a project to obtain the first moderately deep, homogeneous sample of young stars over an area of ~180sqr.deg. encompassing the entire Orion OB1 association, one of the nearest and most active regions of star formation. The results show that variability is a powerful technique to identify pre-main sequence populations, specially in sparse areas devoid of gas and dust. We are currently developing a massive database, equipped with web-based data mining tools, that will make our data and results available to the astronomical community.

Cesar Briceno

2003-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

22

Crude Oil Imports from Venezuela  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

23

Petroleum Coke Imports from Venezuela  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

24

La República y las Letras — literatura y carácter nacional en Brasil y Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nacional en Brasil y Venezuela* Introducción La Segundaes la nación (Brasil y Venezuela), pero este adentro sePor lo en esta nueva Venezuela es fundamental. Ésta será

Oliveira, Emanuelle K. F.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Equal rights for equal action : women's mobilization for suffrage in Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Dictatorship in Venezuela, 1945-1959. Hamden, CT: Archonand Political Change in Venezuela. Princeton, NJ: Princetonand the Church in Venezuela. ” Journal of Interamerican

Skog, Erica Lynn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

NPP Tropical Forest: San Eusebio, Venezuela  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Eusebio, Venezuela, 1970-1971 PHOTOGRAPH Photograph: General view of the San Eusebio site (click on the photo to view a series of images from this site) Data Citation Cite this...

27

Household energy use in urban Venezuela: Implications from surveys in Maracaibo, Valencia, Merida, and Barcelona-Puerto La Cruz  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report identifies the most important results of a comparative analysis of household commercial energy use in Venezuelan urban cities. The use of modern fuels is widespread among all cities. Cooking consumes the largest share of urban household energy use. The survey documents no use of biomass and a negligible use of kerosene for cooking. LPG, natural gas, and kerosene are the main fuels available. LPG is the fuel choice of low-income households in all cities except Maracaibo, where 40% of all households use natural gas. Electricity consumption in Venezuela`s urban households is remarkably high compared with the levels used in households in comparable Latin American countries and in households of industrialized nations which confront harsher climatic conditions and, therefore, use electricity for water and space heating. The penetration of appliances in Venezuela`s urban households is very high. The appliances available on the market are inefficient, and there are inefficient patterns of energy use among the population. Climate conditions and the urban built form all play important roles in determining the high level of energy consumption in Venezuelan urban households. It is important to acknowledge the opportunities for introducing energy efficiency and conservation in Venezuela`s residential sector, particularly given current economic and financial constraints, which may hamper the future provision of energy services.

Figueroa, M.J.; Sathaye, J.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Caracas, Venezuela: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Caracas, Venezuela: Energy Resources Caracas, Venezuela: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Caracas, Venezuela Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 3646738 Coordinates 10.5°, -66.916667° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":10.5,"lon":-66.916667,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

29

Venezuela: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Venezuela: Energy Resources Venezuela: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":8,"lon":-66,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

30

Venezuela - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Exploration and production. An estimated 90 percent of Venezuela's natural gas reserves are associated, meaning that they are located along with oil reserves.

31

e-Science perspectives in Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe the e-Science strategy in Venezuela, in particular initiatives by the Centro Nacional de Calculo Cientifico Universidad de Los Andes (CECALCULA), Merida, the Universidad de Los Andes (ULA), Merida, and the Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Cientificas (IVIC), Caracas. We present the plans for the Venezuelan Academic Grid and the current status of Grid ULA supported by Internet2. We show different web-based scientific applications that are being developed in quantum chemistry, atomic physics, structural damage analysis, biomedicine and bioclimate within the framework of the E-Infrastructure shared between Europe and Latin America (EELA)

Díaz, G; Hamar, V; Hoeger, H; Mendoza, C; Mendez, Z; Núñez, L A; Ruiz, N; Torrens, R; Uzcategui, M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Does the Environmental Kuznets Curve Describe How Individual Countries Behave?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Poland, Portugal 2 Japan, Venezuela 15 Australia, Belgium,United Kingdom United States Venezuela 8,152 max 11,240 minGDP per capita (continued) Smoke Venezuela, RB Venezuela, RB

Deacon, Robert; Norman, Catherine S

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets (Redirected from Ecofys Country Fact Sheets) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ecofys Country Fact Sheets Agency/Company /Organization: Ecofys Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs Website: www.ecofys.com/files/files/ecofys_2011_country_factsheets_update.pdf Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela

34

Profiles for Countries  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Data by country, region, and commercial group (OECD, OPEC) for 215 countries including production, consumption, U.S. oil imports and CO2 emissions. Forecasts for selected countries for total oil production and consumption. Analysis by country (Country Analysis Briefs)

Joe Ayoub

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

35

e-Science initiatives in Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Within the context of the nascent e-Science infrastructure in Venezuela, we describe several web-based scientific applications developed at the Centro Nacional de Calculo Cientifico Universidad de Los Andes (CeCalCULA), Merida, and at the Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Cientificas (IVIC), Caracas. The different strategies that have been followed for implementing quantum chemistry and atomic physics applications are presented. We also briefly discuss a damage portal based on dynamic, nonlinear, finite elements of lumped damage mechanics and a biomedical portal developed within the framework of the \\textit{E-Infrastructure shared between Europe and Latin America} (EELA) initiative for searching common sequences and inferring their functions in parasitic diseases such as leishmaniasis, chagas and malaria.

Chaves, J L; Hamar, V; Isea, R; Rojas, F; Ruiz, N; Torrens, R; Uzcategui, M; Florez-Lopez, J; Hoeger, H; Mendoza, C; Núñez, L A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Finished Motor Gasoline Imports from Venezuela  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

37

U.S. Imports from Venezuela  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

38

West Coast (PADD 5) Imports from Venezuela  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

39

Martinez, Carlos, Michael Fox and JoJo Farrell. Venezuela Speaks! Voices from the Grassroots. Oakland, CA: PM Press, 2010. 343 pp.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

well read specialists on Venezuela. This book represents anthe grassroots movements in Venezuela today. Michelle LeighFOX and JOJO FARRELL. Venezuela Speaks! Voices from the

Farrell, Michelle Leigh

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Tax effects upon oil field development in Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Important reforms have been made to the oil sector tax code in Venezuela. Given its diversity of oil resources, there was a concern that some resources were not being exploited because of the structure of the tax code. ...

Manzano, Osmel

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "venezuela 1960-present countries" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Preliminary working paper: satellite power system and lesser developed countries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this report is to screen selected countries that, by geographical location, might be appropriate sites for the rectenna system and for which technical, environmental, social, demographic, political, and economic factors make a Satellite Power System (SPS) project appear possible. The study focused on countries that are referred to as Lesser Developed Countries (LDCs). Of 130 countries, sovereignties, and dependencies classified by the United Nations as less developed, thirteen countries were selected for study. The countries in the Americas are Mexico, Colombia, Venezuela, and Brazil. On the African continent, the countries are Algeria, Senegal, Gambia, Zaire, and Kenya. The countries in Asia and Oceania are The People's Republic of China, India, Thailand, and Indonesia. Certain general conclusions can be drawn from this study. Countries that might be able to support or contribute to SPS are the established, major energy exporters. The consumption of countries that export some energy virtually matches production. They may be able to pay for SPS in the years 2000 or 2025, but increased economic development and diversification of exports will need to be implemented first. Finally, those countries that import energy do not have an economic base by which they could support SPS unaided, but require energy. All thirteen nations could benefit from SPS. SPS could prove invaluable to these countries with sensitive economies. The added electrical energy could bolster their economies and provide for increased development so that the nations could suppport or contribute to SPS.

Oliver, T.E.; Ventry, L.T.; DuBois, C.; Dhanda, R.

1980-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

42

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints World Regions Oil Production Oil Consumption Proved Reserves Click country for more information | Zoom Out | Zoom to: Zoom to Country: Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Angola

43

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints World Regions Oil Production Oil Consumption Proved Reserves Click country for more information | Zoom Out | Zoom to: Zoom to Country: Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Angola

44

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ecofys Country Fact Sheets Agency/Company /Organization: Ecofys Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs Website: www.ecofys.com/files/files/ecofys_2011_country_factsheets_update.pdf Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela

45

Residential energy use and conservation in Venezuela: Results and implications of a household survey in Caracas  

SciTech Connect

This document presents the final report of a study of residential energy use in Caracas, the capital of Venezuela. It contains the findings of a household energy-use survey held in Caracas in 1988 and examines options for introducing energy conservation measures in the Venezuelan residential sector. Oil exports form the backbone of the Venezuelan economy. Improving energy efficiency in Venezuela will help free domestic oil resources that can be sold to the rest of the world. Energy conservation will also contribute to a faster recovery of the economy by reducing the need for major investments in new energy facilities, allowing the Venezuelan government to direct its financial investments towards other areas of development. Local environmental benefits will constitute an important additional by-product of implementing energy-efficiency policies in Venezuela. Caracas`s residential sector shows great potential for energy conservation. The sector is characterized by high saturation levels of major appliances, inefficiency of appliances available in the market, and by careless patterns of energy use. Household energy use per capita average 6.5 GJ/per year which is higher than most cities in developing countries; most of this energy is used for cooking. Electricity accounts for 41% of all energy use, while LPG and natural gas constitute the remainder. Specific options for inducing energy conservation and energy efficiency in Caracas`s residential sector include energy-pricing policies, fuel switching, particularly from electricity to gas, improving the energy performance of new appliances and customer information. To ensure the accomplishment of an energy-efficiency strategy, a concerted effort by energy users, manufacturers, utility companies, government agencies, and research institutions will be needed.

Figueroa, M.J.; Ketoff, A.; Masera, O.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

The Difference Between Certainly and Perhaps: The Bargaining Strategies of Venezuela and Argentina In Commercial Debt Negotiations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

n.a. n.a. Brazil Mexico Venezuela Chile Total Note: BankThe Renegotiation of Venezuela's Foreign Debt During 1982of repayment was whether Venezuela would have to accept an

Doherty, E.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Geochronology of recent sediments from the Cariaco Trench (Venezuela) by Alpha Spectrometry of {sup 210}Pb ({sup 210}Po)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

210Pb concentration in marine sediments of the Cariaco Trench (North-East of Venezuela) was measured through the analysis of 210Po alpha emissions, which can be assumed to be in secular equilibrium with 210Pb. The analysed sediment core has a length of 1.9 m. The results allowed to apply the CF:CS dating model (Constant Flux and Constant Supply). The sedimentation rate was estimated to be 0.25 cm/y. As far as we know this is the first {alpha}- dating carried out in the country, performed with an alpha spectrometer recently funded by the IAEA.

Arriojas, A.; Barros, H.; Palacios, D.; Sajo-Bohus, L. [Laboratorio de Fisica Nuclear, Universidad Simon Bolivar, Caracas (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of); Hurtado, S.; Villa, M. [Centro de Investigacion, Tecnologia e Innovacion de la Universidad de Sevilla (Spain); Perez, K.; Alfonso, J. [Centro de Quimica, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Cientificas (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of)

2010-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

48

NPP Tropical Forest: San Carlos De Rio Negro, Venezuela  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

San Carlos De Rio Negro, Venezuela, 1975-1984 San Carlos De Rio Negro, Venezuela, 1975-1984 [PHOTOGRAPH] Photograph: Cutting an experimental plot at San Carlos (click on the photo to view a series of images and a diagram of this site) Data Citation Cite this data set as follows: Jordan, C. F., E. Cuevas, and E. Medina. 1999. NPP Tropical Forest: San Carlos de Rio Negro, Venezuela, 1975-1984. Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. Description Productivity of tropical forest was determined for a number of vegetation-soil associations at the San Carlos de Rio Negro study site, under the auspices of an international UNESCO Man and the Biosphere (MAB) project. The San Carlos study site (1.93 N 67.05 W) is situated 4 km east of the

49

Country Analysis Briefs  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

An ongoing compilation of country energy profiles. EIA maintains Country Analysis Briefs (CABs) for specific countries that are important to world energy markets, including members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), major non-OPEC oil producers, major energy transit countries, major energy consumers, and other areas of current interest to energy analysts and policy makers.

Joe Ayoub

50

Midwest (PADD 2) Imports by PADD of Processing from Venezuela of ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Midwest (PADD 2) Imports by PADD of Processing from Venezuela of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products (Thousand Barrels)

51

Residual oil saturation, Annex VI-1. Venezuela-MEM/USA-DOE fossil energy report VI-1  

SciTech Connect

This report, dealing with the US/Venezuela Cooperative exchange agreement on residual oil saturation (Annex VI), contains the results of efforts by scientists from both countries to improve the state of present technology for accurately measuring the amount of residual oil remaining in a particular reservoir of interest. To date, those efforts have resulted in an exchange of ideas through a sharing of technical literature and bibliographic listings pertinent to the subject, reciprocal visits to the laboratories and field sites where residual oil saturation measurement R and D is in progress, an exchange of ideas through workshops held in each country, and open discussions covering areas of future cooperative R and D. The text of the basic agreement , Annex VI and all amendments, are appended to the report. In addition to a chronicle of events detailing progress under Annex VI, this report also inlcudes a discussion of future work to be performed in the areas of subsidence accompanying the extraction of oil and interwell oil saturation measurement. A meeting was held in Bartlesville May 10 and 11 to formulate plans in this area.

Wesson, T.C.; VonDomselaar, H.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S. Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints ERROR: Invalid Country Code The link you followed is incorrect. The administrator of this site has been notified via email. Thank you for your patience. Choose your country from the menu below; or, return to Country Profiles

53

Energy profiles of selected Latin American and Caribbean countries. Report series No. 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Countries in this report include Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela. These ten countries are the most important oil and gas producers in the Latin American and the Caribbean region. In the following sections, the primary energy supply (oil, gas, coal, hydroelectricity, and nuclear power whenever they are applicable), primary energy consumption, downstream oil sector development, gas utilization are discussed for each of the ten countries. The report also presents our latest forecasts of petroleum product consumption in each country toward 2000, which form the basis of the outlook for regional energy production and consumption outlined in Report No 1. Since the bulk of primary energy supply and demand is hydrocarbons for many countries, brief descriptions of the important hydrocarbons policy issues are provided at the end of the each country sections.

Wu, K.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Country Analysis Briefs  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

An ongoing compilation of country background information profiles. Country Analysis Briefs (CABs) for specific countries or geographical areas that are important to world energy markets are maintained, including members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), major nonOPEC oil producers (i.e., the North Sea, Russia), major energy transit areas (i.e., Ukraine), and other areas of current interest to energy analysts and policy makers.

Joe Ayoub

55

Country Analysis Briefs, 1994  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

An ongoing compilation of country background information profiles. Country Analysis Briefs (CABs) for specific countries or geographical areas that are important to world energy markets are maintained, including members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), major nonOPEC oil producers (i.e., the North Sea, Russia), major energy transit areas (i.e., Ukraine), and other areas of current interest to energy analysts and policy makers.

Information Center

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Radioisotope Concentration in Lake Sediments of Maracaibo, Venezuela  

SciTech Connect

Maracaibo Lake is one of the most important water basing and oil producing regions in Venezuela. Changes in the local environment have been monitored for chemical pollution in the past. For this study we selected a set of sediment samples collected in the shore and analyzed for its radioisotope content. Results show the gamma emitting isotopes distribution. Isotopes concentrations have been determined within the natural K, Th and U families.

Salas, A. Rangel; Viloria, T. [La Universidad del Zulia (Venezuela); Sajo-Bohus, L.; Barros, H.; Greaves, E. D.; Palacios, D. [Universidad Simon Bolivar (Venezuela)

2007-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

57

Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from All Countries  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Albania Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Midway Islands Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Zealand Nicaragua Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore Slovakia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

58

Venezuela-MEM/USA-DOE Fossil Energy Report XIII-1, Supporting Technology for Enhanced Oil Recovery, Microbial EOR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results from Annex XIII of the Cooperative Agreement between the United States Department of Energy (DOE) and the Ministry of Energy and Mines of the Republic of Venezuela (MEMV) have been documented and published with many researchers involved. Integrate comprehensive research programs in the area of Microbial Enhanced Oil Recovery (MEOR) ranged from feasibility laboratory studies to full-scale multi-well field pilots. The objective, to cooperate in a technical exchange of ideas and information was fully met throughout the life of the Annex. Information has been exchanged between the two countries through published reports and technical meetings between experts in both country's research communities. The meetings occurred every two years in locations coincident with the International MEOR conferences & workshops sponsored by DOE (June 1990, University of Oklahoma, September 1992, Brookhaven, September 1995, National Institute of Petroleum and Energy Research). Reports and publications produced during these years are listed in Appendix B. Several Annex managers have guided the exchange through the years. They included Luis Vierma, Jose Luis Zirritt, representing MEMV and E. B. Nuckols, Edith Allison, and Rhonda Lindsey, representing the U.S. DOE. Funding for this area of research remained steady for a few years but decreased in recent years. Because both countries have reduced research programs in this area, future exchanges on this topic will occur through ANNEX XV. Informal networks established between researchers through the years should continue to function between individuals in the two countries.

Ziritt, Jose Luis

1999-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

59

Annex B Countries List  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Annex B Countries Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France (including Monaco) Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy...

60

countries | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

97 97 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142281497 Varnish cache server countries Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 142, and contains only the reference case. The dataset uses million short tons. The data is broken down into steam coal exports to Europe, Asia and America. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO Coal flows countries EIA exporting importing Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: World Steam Coal Flows By Importing Regions and Exporting Countries- Reference Case (xls, 103.7 KiB)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "venezuela 1960-present countries" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Venezuela - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

US EIA provides data, forecasts, country analysis brief and other analyses, focusing on the energy industry including oil, natural gas and electricity.

62

U.S. Imports from Venezuela - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

63

Naphtha for Petrochem. Feedstock Use Imports from Venezuela  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

64

Special Naphthas Imports from Venezuela - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

65

Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from Venezuela  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

66

Petroleum Coke Imports from Venezuela - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

67

Telecommunications in developing countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper brings out the rationale for and the course of abolition of monopolies in telecommunications, the emergence of independent regulation, competition and markets determining prices for Telecom and Information services in developed countries and ... Keywords: access, competition, convergence, corporatisation, degovernmentalisation, demonopolisation, internet cafes, public telephones, regulation, telecommunications, universal service/

T. H. Chowdary

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Transportation in Developing Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Africa that produces synthetic oil from coal, starts to use natural gas as feedstock in the production, natural gas, and petroleum into liquid fuels and chemicals. Sasol is now a privately owned companysolutions+ + + + Transportation in Developing Countries Greenhouse Gas Scenarios for South Africa

Delucchi, Mark

69

U.S. Exports to Venezuela of Total Petroleum Products (Thousand ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Exports to Venezuela of Total Petroleum Products (Thousand Barrels) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 2004: 8: 110: 339: 374: 244: 550: 180 ...

70

U.S. Imports from Venezuela of Finished Motor Gasoline (Thousand ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Imports from Venezuela of Finished Motor Gasoline (Thousand Barrels) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 1993: 1,856: 1,700: 945: 1,181: 1,074 ...

71

Enhanced Seasonal Rainfall in Northern Venezuela and the Extreme Events of December 1999  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Torrential rainfall during December 1999 resulted in devastating floods and landslides along the northern coast of Venezuela. These events occurred in an area with a predominantly dry climate, took place during what is regionally the dry season, ...

Bradfield Lyon

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

U.S. Imports from Venezuela of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Imports from Venezuela of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products (Thousand Barrels per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 1973: 1,250: 1,040 ...

73

U.S. Exports to Venezuela of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Exports to Venezuela of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products (Thousand Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1990's ...

74

U.S. Exports to Venezuela of MTBE (Thousand Barrels per Day)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Exports to Venezuela of MTBE (Thousand Barrels per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 2005: 9: 10: 18: 9: 7: 8: 21: 2006: 18: 11: 20: 26 ...

75

U.S. Imports from Venezuela of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Imports from Venezuela of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1990's: 368,641: 377,525 ...

76

Lessons for Developing Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Argentina was one of the first countries in the world to implement a comprehensive reform of its electricity sector in the recent period. Among developing countries only Chile has had a comparably comprehensive and successful reform. This paper traces the history of the Argentine reform, which began in 1992, and assesses its progress and its lessons. We conclude that the reform was very successful prior to the collapse of the Argentine peso in early 2002. We suggest lessons for the generation, transmission and distribution sectors, as well as the economic regulation of electricity and the general institutional environment favourable to reform. We note that the achievements of the sector are now threatened by the delays in tackling the financial consequences of the peso devaluation.

Michael G. Pollitt; Michael Pollitt

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

East Coast (PADD 1) Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Import Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Import Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore South Africa Spain Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

78

Biocomplexity of deforestation in the Caparo tropical forest reserve in Venezuela: An integrated multi-agent and cellular automata model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A multi-agent model of social and environmental complexity of deforestation was developed for the Caparo Forest Reserve, Venezuela. It includes three types of agents: settlers, government, and lumber concessionaires. Settlers represent people of limited ... Keywords: Biocomplexity, Deforestation, Multi-agents, Simulation, Tropical forests, Venezuela

Niandry Moreno; Raquel Quintero; Magdiel Ablan; Rodrigo Barros; Jacinto Dávila; Hirma Ramírez; Giorgio Tonella; Miguel F. Acevedo

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

A reservoir management strategy for multilayered reservoirs in eastern Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A reservoir management strategy has been developed for a field located in eastern Venezuela. The field contains deep, high pressure, multilayer reservoirs. A thorough formation evaluation was accomplished using the log data, core data, PVT data, geologic data, well completion data and the production data. A reservoir simulation model was built to forecast reservoir performance for a variety of exploitation and well completion strategies. Reserve forecasts have been made using the reservoir model. The methodology applied in this research consists of eight tasks: 1) build a data base with existing data, 2) analyze the log and core data, 3) analyze the pressure and production data, 4) analyze the PVT data, 5) analyze the hydraulic fracture treatments, 6) build the reservoir model, 7) determine the possible reservoir management strategies, and 8) perform economic evaluations for the management strategies. While much of the data for the field studied was supplied by PDVSA, we did not receive all of the data we requested. For example, no pressure buildup data were available. When necessary, we used correlations to determine values for reservoir data that we were not supplied. In this research four formations were studied and characterized, determining porosity and permeability values. Also, fracture treatments were analyzed and a reservoir model was developed. Runs for black oil and volatile oil were performed. The results show that the upper zones are the most prospective areas, but fracture treatments must be performed to reduce the damage on the sand face. Lower formations (Cretaceous) have a lower permeability value, but high OOIP that justify performing fracture treatments and completing this zone. Economics were developed to support this conclusion. Optimum well spacing was calculated showing that 960 acres is the optimum well spacing, but also that 640 acres can be maintained for all the reservoirs and dual completions can be performed, first hydraulic fracturing and completing the Cretaceous formation, and then, completing any upper zone. Reservoir simulation results show that up to 31% of OOIP may be incrementally recovered by hydraulic fracturing the Cretaceous formation and 10 or less from the upper zones.

Espinel Diaz, Arnaldo Leopoldo

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Five Years of Cyclotron Radioisotope Production Experiences at the First PET-CT in Venezuela  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Five years operation of a compact cyclotron installed at PET-CT facility in Caracas, Venezuela is given. Production rate of {sup 18}F labeled FDG, operation and radiation monitoring experience are included. We conclude that {sup 18}FDG CT-PET is the most effective technique for patient diagnosis.

Colmenter, L.; Coelho, D.; Esteves, L. M.; Ruiz, N.; Morales, L.; Lugo, I. [Centro Diagnostico Docente, Las Mercedes, Caracas (Venezuela); Sajo-Bohus, L.; Liendo, J. A.; Greaves, E. D.; Barros, H. [Universidad Simon Bolivar, Seccion de Fisica Nuclear, Caracas (Venezuela); Castillo, J. [University of Applied Science of Aachen (Germany)

2007-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "venezuela 1960-present countries" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

U.S. Imports from Venezuela of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Imports from Venezuela of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 1993: 32,173: 25,886: 25,870: 30,689: 30,748: 29,983 ...

82

Risk prevention and policy formulation : responding to the 1999 mud-floods catastrophe in El Litoral Central, Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fifteen days of constant and intense rainfall in Venezuela culminated on December 16 1999, in catastrophic landslides and flooding along 25 miles of the Vargas State coastal strip. This catastrophe ravaged the Caracas ...

Parisca-Blanco, Sonia

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Use and analysis of new optimization techniques for decision theory and data mining  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Croatia Cyprus InsI Country 2 Romania Romania VenezuelaVenezuela Estonia Latvia Indonesia Latvia Turkey RomaniaMexico Mexico Romania Venezuela Romania Venezuela Sep Table

Moreno Centeno, Erick

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

REDD Country Activity Database | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

REDD Country Activity Database REDD Country Activity Database Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: REDD Country Activity Database Agency/Company /Organization: Global Canopy Programme, Forum on Readiness for REDD Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry Topics: Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset, Case studies/examples User Interface: Website Website: www.theredddesk.org/countries Country: Brazil, Cameroon, Vietnam, Guyana, Tanzania, Indonesia Cost: Free UN Region: Southern Africa, South America, South-Eastern Asia REDD Country Activity Database Screenshot References: REDD Country Activity Database[1] Logo: REDD Country Activity Database The REDD Countries Database is a centralised and collaborative database of the diverse and rapidly evolving range of ongoing REDD activities in

85

Evaluate past and ongoing enhanced oil-recovery projects in the United States and Venezuela, annex III. Venezuela-MEM/USA-DOE fossil-energy report III-1  

SciTech Connect

The Agreement between the United States and Venezuela was designed to further energy research and development in six areas. This report focuses on Annex III - Evaluate Past and Ongoing Enhanced Oil Recovery Projects in the United States and Venezuela. Annex III has separated this portion of the coopertive energy research and development effort into four tasks for study. Energy research and development in the area of Enhanced Oil Recovery has as its goal the more efficient and complete production of the third crop of oil. Methods and techniques must be developed to assist the decision maker in the best timing and method for his EOR project. If a method can be developed to predict production based on certain known reservoir parameters, the producer will be able to make more accurate decisions. Accurate predictive models can be developed if a larger data base with enough data on varied reservoirs and processes is compiled. Statistical algorithms can be developed, tested, and verified with actual production data. New data can be used to recalibrate the models for improved accuracy. The developed models can then be used to evaluate current or anticipated EOR projects.

Ward, D.C.; Garcia, J.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Soalr cooking in developing countries  

SciTech Connect

Solar cooking must overcome a number of obstacles to realize its potential to improve the lives of women in developing countries. Unlike historical interest in solar cooking, current interest derives from vital environmental and human needs. Deforestation and reliance on wood for cooking lead to many hardships, especially for women, and women in developing countries need access to technology and funding. If the woman builds the oven herself, it notonly makes her more willing to use it but the process empower her with new knowledge and kills. The physical design of the oven must be adapted to local conditions and materials for the oven should be inexpensive and locally available.

Stone, L.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Productivity Differences Between and Within Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We document substantial within-country (cross-municipality) differences in incomes for a large number of countries in the Americas. A significant fraction of the within-country differences cannot be explained by observed ...

Acemoglu, Daron

88

‹ Countries Last Updated: July 22, 2013  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

‹ Countries Last Updated: July 22, 2013 full report EIA estimates that Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), not including Iran, earned about $ ...

89

Country Energy Profile, South Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This country energy profile provides energy and economic information about South Africa. Areas covered include: Economics, demographics, and environment; Energy situation; Energy structure; Energy investment opportunities; Department of Energy (DOE) programs in South Africa; and a listing of International aid to South Africa.

NONE

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Does the Environmental Kuznets Curve Describe How Individual Countries Behave?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Italy 4 Chile, India, Poland, Portugal 2 Japan, Venezuela 151.889 10,566 min 11,323 max Poland Portugal Spain ThailandNew Zealand New Zealand Poland Poland Poland GDP per cap.

Deacon, Robert; Norman, Catherine S

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Weekly Preliminary Crude Imports by Top 10 Countries of Origin (based on  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Preliminary Crude Imports by Top 10 Countries of Origin (based on 2012 Petroleum Supply Monthly data) Preliminary Crude Imports by Top 10 Countries of Origin (based on 2012 Petroleum Supply Monthly data) (Thousand Barrels per Day) Period: Weekly 4-Week Average Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Country 12/06/13 12/13/13 12/20/13 12/27/13 01/03/14 01/10/14 View History 1- Canada 2,316 2,786 2,594 2,515 2,838 2,460 2010-2014 2- Saudi Arabia 1,295 1,905 1,614 1,328 1,242 1,521 2010-2014 3- Mexico 1,161 947 1,019 1,082 867 555 2010-2014 4- Venezuela 783 779 518 1,008 709 730 2010-2014 5- Iraq 120 143 332 370 626 202 2010-2014 6- Nigeria 136 0 0 36 98 146 2010-2014 7- Colombia 114 127 288 320 257 360 2010-2014 8- Kuwait 127 237 85 438 584 263 2010-2014

92

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Bold* indicates a country with a Country Analysis Brief. Asterisk only indicates Country Analysis Note. All countries listed below have data. North America. Bermuda

93

The Kyoto Protocol and developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Under the Kyoto Protocol, the world's wealthier countries assumed binding commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The agreement requires these countries to consider ways to minimize adverse effects on developing ...

Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Reilly, John M.; Jacoby, Henry D.

94

Derisking Renewable Energy Investments in Developing Countries...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of renewable energy technologies and attract large scale private investment into these technologies in developing countries. Attachment: applicationpdf icon Speaker's...

95

Non Annex B Countries List  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Non Annex B Countries A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, Y, Z A Afghanistan (1949-2007) Albania (1933-2007) Algeria (1900-2007) American Samoa (1954-2007) Angola (1950-2007) Antarctic Fisheries (1970-2007) Antigua & Barbuda (1957-2007) Argentina (1887-2007) Armenia (1992-2007) Aruba (1986-2007) Azerbaijan (1992-2007) B Bahamas (1950-2007) Bahrain (1933-2007) Bangladesh (1972-2007) Barbados (1928-2007) Belarus (1992-2007) Belize (1950-2007) Benin (1958-2007) Bermuda (1950-2007) Bhutan (1970-2007) Bolivia (1928-2007) Bosnia-Herzegovinia (1992-2007) Botswana (1950-2007) Brazil (1901-2007) British Virgin Islands (1957-2007) Brunei (Darussalam) (1930-2007) Burkina Faso (1958-2007) Burundi (1962-2007) C Cambodia (1955-2007) Cameroon (1950-2007)

96

LBNL Developing Countries Studies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LBNL Developing Countries Studies LBNL Developing Countries Studies (Redirected from Developing Countries Studies) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Developing Countries Studies at LBNL Name Developing Countries Studies at LBNL Agency/Company /Organization Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics GHG inventory, Resource assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Dataset, Software/modeling tools, Presentation Website http://ies.lbl.gov/node/251 References Lawrence Berkeley [1] Abstract LBNL's International Energy Studies Group is involved in a number of activities relating to energy use in developing countries and climate change. LBNL's International Energy Studies Group is involved in a number of activities relating to energy use in developing countries and climate

97

CCAP Developing Country Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CCAP Developing Country Project CCAP Developing Country Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Developing Country Project Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy Sector Climate, Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.ccap.org/ Program Start 2006 Country Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Mexico South America, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Central America References Developing Country Project[1] Developing Country Project Screenshot Contents 1 Overview 2 Brazil 3 China 4 India 5 Indonesia 6 Mexico 7 References Overview "As the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) moves forward, it is critical that developing countries are ready and able

98

US Country Studies Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Country Studies Program Country Studies Program Jump to: navigation, search Name US Country Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization United States Government Sector Energy, Land Website http://www.gcrio.org/CSP/ Program Start 1993 References US Country Studies Program[1] From: http://www.gcrio.org/CSP/ap.html The U.S. Country Studies Program provides financial and technical assistance to developing and transition countries for climate change studies. The program was announced by the President prior to the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Brazil in 1992. The first round of two-year studies began in October 1993, and a second round followed in October 1994. Fifty-six countries on five continents currently participate in the program. Regional and sectoral

99

Countries Gasoline Prices Including Taxes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries (U.S. dollars per gallon, including taxes) Countries (U.S. dollars per gallon, including taxes) Date Belgium France Germany Italy Netherlands UK US 01/13/14 7.83 7.76 7.90 8.91 8.76 8.11 3.68 01/06/14 8.00 7.78 7.94 8.92 8.74 8.09 3.69 12/30/13 NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.68 12/23/13 NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.63 12/16/13 7.86 7.79 8.05 9.00 8.78 8.08 3.61 12/9/13 7.95 7.81 8.14 8.99 8.80 8.12 3.63 12/2/13 7.91 7.68 8.07 8.85 8.68 8.08 3.64 11/25/13 7.69 7.61 8.07 8.77 8.63 7.97 3.65 11/18/13 7.99 7.54 8.00 8.70 8.57 7.92 3.57 11/11/13 7.63 7.44 7.79 8.63 8.46 7.85 3.55 11/4/13 7.70 7.51 7.98 8.70 8.59 7.86 3.61 10/28/13 8.02 7.74 8.08 8.96 8.79 8.04 3.64 10/21/13 7.91 7.71 8.11 8.94 8.80 8.05 3.70 10/14/13 7.88 7.62 8.05 8.87 8.74 7.97 3.69

100

Desk study - Arricifes Units 1 through 5 - Venezuela. Export trade information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electricidad de La Caracas (E.de.C) of Venezuela has requested a grant from the US Trade and Development Program (TDP) to fund a feasibility study to examine repowering the existing Arrecifies five units for combined cycle operation. The report reviews an earlier definitional mission report (DM report) and evaluates develops, and costs out the scope of work for the study; estimates the potential exports of U.S. equipment and services during project implementation; and makes a recommendation as to whether TDP should fund the study. A detailed scope of work and cost basis for the study is included in the appendix. An overall cost estimate for the implementation of the project, potential value of exports and a list of major equipment and services required from U.S. for project implementation and recommendations for TDP funding are presented.

Not Available

1992-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "venezuela 1960-present countries" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Ecology of large piscivorous fishes in Guri Reservoir, Venezuela, with notes on fish community structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Venezuela's growing human population is accompanied by a growing need for electricity which has largely been met with hydroelectric power, and yet the full effects of river impoundment on river ecosystems are not known. Venezuela currently has the second largest hydroelectric facility in the world, the Raul Leoni Dam (Guri Reservoir). Formed by the blackwater Caroni River, Guri is characterized by low pH, low nutrients, and high dissolved organic matter. Water level fluctuations associated with hydroelectric facility operations may have large effects on tropical fish spawning, feeding, and survival. The primary sportfishes in the reservoir are the peacock basses (Cichla spp.), that exhibited heightened fish production immediately after inundation. However, during the 1990's, sportfishermen at Guri began complaining about decreased catches. To investigate claims of declining Cichla populations and to compare current fish community structure with a previous survey, the four large piscivorous fishes of Guri Reservoir were sampled. Samples from the northern area of the reservoir had 50 species representing 18 different families. The dominant species in seine samples was the characid Hemigrammus micropterus. In these samples, Cichla temensis, Cichla cf orinocensis, Plagioscion squamosissimus and Hydrolycus scomberoides had greater body condition compared with values for conspecifics from a previous study. Conversely, catch per unit effort for Cichla in gillnets decreased in the current study. Prochilodus rubrotaeniatus, a detritivorous characiform, was the dominant species captured in gillnets. Cichla spp. appear to breed throughout the year with a peak before the rainy season. Hydrolycus scomberoides and Plagioscion squamosissimus partitioned resources, with the former consuming the largest prey and the smallest prey consumed by the latter. Cichla temensis and Plagioscion squamosissimus had high diet overlap among prey types but consumed prey of different sizes. Niche breadths for all species were low. Claims of declining Cichla populations in Guri appear to have some foundation. Blackwater physicochemistry, the reservoir "boombust" cycle, and fishing pressure all influence fish ecology in Guri Reservoir.

Williams, John David

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Measuring Payoffs from Information-Technology Investments: New Evidence from Sector-Level Data on Developed and Developing Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Philippines Poland Portugal Taiwan Thailand Turkey Venezuela Table 2 UN versus IBM sector definitions UN Sectors Manufacturing Electricity,

Plice, Robert K.; Kraemer, Kenneth L.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Venezuela Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

104

LBNL Developing Countries Studies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Countries Studies Countries Studies Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Developing Countries Studies at LBNL Name Developing Countries Studies at LBNL Agency/Company /Organization Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics GHG inventory, Resource assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Dataset, Software/modeling tools, Presentation Website http://ies.lbl.gov/node/251 References Lawrence Berkeley [1] Abstract LBNL's International Energy Studies Group is involved in a number of activities relating to energy use in developing countries and climate change. LBNL's International Energy Studies Group is involved in a number of activities relating to energy use in developing countries and climate change. Developed international energy use data and emissions scenarios for

105

Settlement patterns in the eastern coast of Maracaibo Lake, Venezuela : evaluation of existing settlements and model for a low income sector of El Menito new town  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is divided in two parts; The First part is the physical analysis of residential settlements in the Eastern Coast of Maracaibo Lake, Venezuela. The work is based on surveys, evaluations and comparisons of four ...

Rodriguez Navas, Humberto José

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Finished Motor Gasoline Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

107

Liquefied Petroleum Gases Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

108

Fuel Ethanol (Renewable) Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

109

“Sustainable development of hydropower in third countries...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

&8220;Sustainable development of hydropower in third countries: The development of hydropower on a sustainable basis has been an array of humanitarian and economic development,...

110

Residual Fuel Oil Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

111

U.S. Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

112

Derisking Renewable Energy Investments in Developing Countries...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Derisking Renewable Energy Investments in Developing Countries: A Means to Attract Private Capital and Reduce CO 2 Abatement Costs Tobias S. Schmidt ETH Zurich 1 Group for...

113

BIOMASS PRODUCTION FOR ENERGY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRY.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Most developing countries of the world still uses biomass for domestic energy, this is mostly used in the rural areas and using our case… (more)

Liu, Xiaolin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

‹ Countries Russia Background - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

‹ Countries Russia Last Updated: September 18, 2012 full report Background Russia holds the world's largest natural gas reserves, the second-largest coal reserves, and

115

Revision to the Canada Country Analysis Brief  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Revision to the Canada Country Analysis Brief. December 10, 2012. Text incorrectly implied that Encana is developing another major natural gas project off ...

116

Petroleum Coke Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

117

BLM Color Country District Office | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Color Country District Office Jump to: navigation, search Name BLM Color Country District Office Parent Organization BLM Place Cedar City, Utah References BLM Color Country...

118

Are Returns to Education on the Decline in Venezuela and Does Mission Sucre Have a Role to Play?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Anecdotal evidence points to a falling standard of living for the educated in Venezuela. During this same period, President Hugo Chávez implemented several education reforms. We focus on a major university education reform known as Mission Sucre and its potential impact on returns to university education. First, we show that returns to education decreased significantly in Venezuela from 2002 to 2008. Subsequently, we explore the impact of the program on nonprogram participants and provide evidence that a substantial part of the falling returns at the tertiary level can be linked to Mission Sucre. Our results suggest that the reform created a negative externality on students who did not participate in the program, leading to a 2.7 percentage point decline in returns to university education for non-Mission Sucre students in the 23-28 age cohort.

Naihobe Gonzalez; Ruth Uwaifo Oyelere

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Wind Energy Developments: Incentives In Selected Countries  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This paper discusses developments in wind energy for the countries with significant wind capacity. After a brief overview of world capacity, it examines development trends, beginning with the United States - the number one country in wind electric generation capacity until 1997.

Information Center

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Strategies of Asian oil-importing countries  

SciTech Connect

Various strategies are used by oil-importing countries to reduce their economic dependence on imported oil: national oil production, energy conservation, and the change of economic structures from high energy intensity sectors to low ones. In this article, the roles of these different strategies have been identified for 10 selected oil-importing countries in Asia: Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, the Philippines, Thailand, Hong Kong, R.O Korea, and Taiwan. The results show that most of the selected countries (although Hong Kong and Taiwan are independent economic entities, for simplicity, the author refers to them as countries) have succeeded in reducing their national economy dependence on imported oil since 1973. Hong Kong, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and India are among the most successful countries, with more than 40% reduction in their economic dependence on imported oil.

Yang, M. [Asian Inst. of Tech., Bangkok (Thailand)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "venezuela 1960-present countries" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Tropical Africa: Total Forest Biomass (By Country)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tropical Africa: Total Forest Biomass (By Country) Tropical Africa: Total Forest Biomass (By Country) image Brown, S., and G. Gaston. 1996. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates For 1980. ORNL/CDIAC-92, NDP-055. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. More Maps Calculated Actual Aboveground Live Biomass in Forests (1980) Maximum Potential Biomass Density Land Use (1980) Area of Closed Forests (By Country) Mean Biomass of Closed Forests (By County) Area of Open Forests (By Country) Mean Biomass of Open Forests (By County) Percent Forest Cover (By Country) Population Density - 1990 (By Administrative Unit) Population Density - 1980 (By Administrative Unit) Population Density - 1970 (By Administrative Unit)

122

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

7 Iran; 1,880; 8 Angola; 1,778; 9 Venezuela; 1,712; 10 Norway; 1,684; 11 Canada; 1,570; 12 Algeria; 1,547; 13 Qatar; 1,389; 14 Kazakhstan; 1,355; 15 Libya; 1,313 ...

123

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

5 Canada; 3,869; 6 Iran; 3,538; 7 United Arab Emirates; 3,213; 8 Iraq; 2,987; 9 Mexico; 2,936; 10 Kuwait; 2,797; 11 Brazil; 2,652; 12 Nigeria; 2,524; 13 Venezuela ...

124

CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The contents of this book are: Introduction; Kenya; Korea (Republic of); Lesotho; Liberia; Malagasy; Malawi; Mali; Mauritania; Mexico, Mozambique, Nepal; Nicaragua; Niger; Nigeria; Pakistan; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; Sri Lanka; Sudana; Surinam; Swaziland; Tanzania; Thailand; Togo; Uganda; Uruguay; Venezuela; Zaire; Zambia; Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields; Appendix II, Phytomass Files; and References.

Duke, J.A.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

NIST ICDB: Select Countries from which to Download ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Select Countries for Document Download for Electricity & Magnetism. Below is an alphabetical list of all of the countries ...

126

The origin of Adam  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vargas School of Medicine, Central University of VenezuelaCaracas, Venezuela There is a Midrash that tells that whensystems. In my country (Venezuela), it is exceedingly

Goihman-Yahr, Mauricio

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Evidence of a Shift in the Short-Run Price Elasticity of Gasoline Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

143. Banerjee, N. (2002). "Venezuela Strife Pushes Crude Oilcrude oil production for Venezuela, Iraq and the Unitedfor three countries, Venezuela (VZ jt ), Iraq (IQ jt ) and

Hughes, Jonathan; Knittel, Christopher R; Sperling, Dan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Property:Country | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Country Country Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Page. Pages using the property "Country" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 4C Offshore Limited + United Kingdom + A A1 Sun, Inc. + United States + ALDACOR INC + United States + Abu Dhabi Supreme Petroleum Council + United Arab Emirates + Algeria Ministry of Energy and Mining + Algeria + Alternate Energy LLC + United States + B Bahrain National Gas and Oil Authority + Bahrain + Balloon Eólica + Brazil + Buffalo Software + United States + C CSBC Corporation + Taiwan + Community Energy Inc + United States + E EXEN Holdings LLC + United States + Ecoforest + Spain + H HOMER + Armenia + HOMER + Yugoslavia + HOMER + Gabon + HOMER + Sri Lanka + HOMER + Canada +

129

Net Imports of Total Crude Oil and Products into the U.S. by Country  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Total All Countries 12,036 11,114 9,667 9,441 8,450 7,393 1973-2012 Persian Gulf 2,159 2,368 1,678 1,705 1,842 2,149 1993-2012 OPEC* 5,946 5,899 4,675 4,787 4,429 4,093 1993-2012 Algeria 663 548 490 510 355 241 1993-2012 Angola 508 513 458 393 346 233 1993-2012 Ecuador 182 202 138 135 147 117 1993-2012 Iran 1993-1995 Iraq 484 627 450 415 459 476 1996-2012 Kuwait 181 210 182 197 191 305 1993-2012 Libya 117 103 79 70 15 60 2004-2012 Nigeria 1,133 982 798 1,006 803 419 1995-2012 Qatar 2 0 10 0 4 4 1993-2012 Saudi Arabia 1,483 1,529 1,003 1,096 1,193 1,364 1993-2012 United Arab Emirates 9 3 31 -2 -4 -1 1993-2012 Venezuela 1,339 1,162 1,037 968 919 875 1993-2012

130

Education and health care in developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is a collection of three essays on education and health in developing countries. Chapter 1 shows that increasing perceived returns to education strengthens incentives for schooling when agents underestimate the ...

Nguyen, Trang V

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Category:Countries | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Countries Countries Jump to: navigation, search This category contains sovereign nations and uses the form Country. Pages in category "Countries" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 211 total. (previous 200) (next 200) A Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan B Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi C Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic D Democratic Republic of Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic E Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea

132

EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tribal Programs in Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country The U.S. Department of Energy is committed to the cleanup of sites that were once part of the Nation's nuclear weapons complex. Several of these sites are located close or adjacent to sovereign Tribal nations and impact Indian lands and/or resources. Consistent with the Department's American

133

Establishing Ergonomics in Industrially Developing Countries  

SciTech Connect

The introduction of ergonomics is an ongoing effort in industrially developing countries and will ultimately require an organized, programmatic approach spanning several countries and organizations. Our preliminary efforts with our partner countries of Viet Nam, Thailand, and Nicaragua have demonstrated that a one-time course is just the first step in a series of necessary events to provide skills and create an infrastructure that will have lasting impact for the host country. To facilitate that any sort of training has a lasting impact, it is recommended that host countries establish a 'contract' with class participants and the guest instructors for at least one follow-up visit so instructors can see the progress and support the participants in current and future efforts. With repeated exchanges, the class participants can become the 'in country experts' and the next generation of ergonomic trainers. Additionally, providing participants with an easy to use hazard assessment tool and methods for evaluating the financial impact of the project (cost/benefit analysis) will assist increase the likelihood of success and establish a foundation for future projects. In the future, developing trade and regionally/culturally specific 'ergonomics toolkits' can help promote broader implementation, especially where training resources may be limited.

Stewart, K; Silverstein, B; Kiefer, M

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

134

A reservoir characterization for a complex multilayered system in Eastern Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To predict and optimize reservoir performance of a raphics. layered reservoir, a reliable reservoir characterization is required. To fully describe a reservoir, we must be able to estimate the distribution of reservoir properties such as porosity and permeability by integration of all available data. In this research, we have characterized a multilayered reservoir located in eastern Venezuela. A methodology was developed to estimate the distribution of reservoir properties in uncured intervals and welts using data from core and log analyses. In addition, to obtain a better understanding of formation permeability, skin factors and drainage areas, we have analyzed all of the production data. The data used in this study, were provided by PDVSA the Venezuelan national oil company and comprises: production data, well ales, core analyses, well log data, some PVT analyses, and well completion data. Four formations were characterized in this work. Correlations from core data were established to calculate permeability for each of those four formations. To identify the four reservoirs in uncured welts, a characteristic behavior of the values of deep induction log and gamma ray log were determined. This behavior permitted us to establish ranges for each zone using data from both logs. The oil in place for each formation was calculated volumetrically. Using the values obtained for permeability, porosity, shale volume and oil in place, the four reservoirs were volume and oil in place, the four reservoirs were The results obtained from the analyses of production data, were compared with the analyses of log and core data. Using all three methods, the shallower zones were identified as the more permeable layers. The deeper formation (Cretaceous) has a lower permeability value, but the OOH: is high enough to justify completing the Cretaceous, especially if the zone can be fracture treated.

Avila, Carmen Esther

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Eocene tectonic controls on reservoir distribution in VLE 196, Block V, Lamar Field, Maracaibo Basin, Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Integrated interpretation of three-dimensional seismic and well-logging data reveals a prominent �pop-up� structure associated with the VLE 400 fault on the regional unconformity between the Eocene and Miocene in the VLE 196 field, Maracaibo basin, Venezuela. The VLE 400 fault family, an eastern splay of the left-lateral Icotea fault in the basin, played an important role in hydrocarbon migration and accumulation in the field. Hydrocarbons accumulated to the east of the fault but not to the west. The �pop-up� structure on the Eocene unconformity has a four -way dip closure, straddling the fault and extending to the west of the fault. Structures of the Misoa Formation, which is the main reservoir developed below the unconformity in the basin, differ from the structure of the unconformity. The structure of the Misoa Formation shows a tilted uplift of the eastern block of the fault dipping toward the east caused by thrust tectonic movements. Thrust movement and following strike-slip movements provided additional accommodation space to the west of the fault and generated expanded thickness of Eocene sediments compared to the area east of the fault. The thickness of the Misoa Formation east and west of the fault shows no significant changes. Expanded sediments overlie the Misoa Formation in the western block in lateral contact with Misoa sediments eastern block act as a lateral seal. Ductile movement of the Guasare Formation shale contributed to the lateral sealing of the fault against the reservoir rocks in the eastern block. Mobilization of the Guasare Formation modified the structure of overlying formations including the anticline of the Eocene unconformity. The growth strata provide useful information of reactivation of e xisting faults, especially subtle movements which are not recognized by conventional seismic interpretation. Growth strata isochrons shows subtle reactivation of the VLE 400 fault family during Miocene time.

Choi, Byeonggoo

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Ecology of the river dolphin, Inia geoffrensis, in the Cinaruco River, Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Cinaruco River is a tributary of the Orinoco River, and forms the southern boundary of Venezuela's newest national park, Santos Luzardo. Like other rivers of this region, the Cinaruco River undergoes an extreme seasonal flood cycle. River dolphins were studied from November 1993 to June 1994 to gather baseline data regarding their ecology, including distribution, habitat affinity, group size, population composition, and prey availability. Transects from watercraft were used to count river dolphins, and observation effort was recorded. River dolphin habitat was characterized by broad hydrologic features (i.e., river, lagoon, side channel or confluence), structural composition (i.e., beach, rocks, cutbank, submerged vegetation) and complexity. Population composition by age class was determined according to size. Photo-identification was used to recognize individual dolphins. Potential preyfish availability within habitats was determined by using seine nets and gillnets. Dolphin diet was inferred from one stomach sample and the literature. Dolphins were seen most often during falling water, and least often during rising water. Dolphins were most often seen in confluence areas, and were seldom seen in side channels. The presence of rocks or beaches was associated with a greater frequency of dolphin sightings, and sightings increased with habitat complexity. Average group size for the 8-mo study was 2.0 (O?.05) dolphins, and was greatest during rising water. Greatest densities occurred during failing water, at 3.8 (+O.54) dolphins/km. Calves were first sighted at the end of the dry season and became more common as the waters rose. Six individuals were recognized and resighted by photo-identification; one of these was sighted 8 times over a period of 186 days. The fish diversity of the study area was high, and comprised at least 161 species. The stomach of one Inia contained 15 fish, representing at least 4 species.

McGuire, Tamara Lee

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

CO sub 2 emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of Energy in the long term  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. Of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world's share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist energy demand in developing will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. These individual studies were conducted fro Argentina, Brazil, Mexico and Venezuela in Latin America.

Ketoff, A.; Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. (eds.)

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Sustainable energy for developing countries : modelling transitions to renewable and clean energy in rapidly developing countries.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The main objective of this thesis is first to adapt energy models for the use in developing countries and second to model sustainable energy transitions… (more)

Urban, Frauke

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Country-Fried Biofuels | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Country-Fried Biofuels Country-Fried Biofuels Country-Fried Biofuels December 7, 2010 - 12:37pm Addthis Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program Every Thanksgiving, we hear stories about an imprudent cook deep frying a turkey inside, resulting in fiery disaster. But a more humdrum risk of deep-frying is improperly disposing of the grease. Pouring it down the drain, which can clog municipal pipes and pollute local waterways, is actually illegal in many places. A better option is to have it recycled into biodiesel. Some Clean Cities coalitions, supported by the Vehicle Technologies Program in EERE, have worked with their local governments to make holiday drippings into clean fuel. This year, Pima County (Tucson), Arizona collected more than 4,400 pounds of used oil at their sixth annual Day After Thanksgiving Grease Recycling

140

Property:Project Country | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Project Country Project Country Property Type Page Pages using the property "Project Country" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) M MHK Projects/40MW Lewis project + United Kingdom + MHK Projects/ADM 3 + Ireland + MHK Projects/ADM 4 + United Kingdom + MHK Projects/ADM 5 + Portugal + MHK Projects/AW Energy EMEC + United Kingdom + MHK Projects/AWS II + United Kingdom + MHK Projects/Admirality Inlet Tidal Energy Project + United States + MHK Projects/Agucadoura + Portugal + MHK Projects/Alaska 1 + United States + MHK Projects/Alaska 13 + United States + MHK Projects/Alaska 17 + United States + MHK Projects/Alaska 18 + United States + MHK Projects/Alaska 24 + United States + MHK Projects/Alaska 25 + United States + MHK Projects/Alaska 28 + United States +

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "venezuela 1960-present countries" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Gold Country Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gold Country Energy Gold Country Energy Place Alaska Utility Id 56739 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC WECC Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File2_2010[1] EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates Residential: $0.6670/kWh Commercial: $0.6430/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File2_2010" ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Gold_Country_Energy&oldid=412919"

142

United Nations geothermal activities in developing countries  

SciTech Connect

The United Nations implements technical cooperation projects in developing countries through its Department of Technical Cooperation for Development (DTCD). The DTCD is mandated to explore for and develop natural resources (water, minerals, and relevant infrastructure) and energy - both conventional and new and renewable energy sources. To date, the United Nations has been involved in over 30 geothermal exploration projects (completed or underway) in 20 developing countries: 8 in Africa (Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar); 8 in Asia (China, India, Jordan, Philippines, Thailand); 9 in Latin America (Bolivia, Chile, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama) and 6 in Europe (Greece, Romania, Turkey, Yugoslavia). Today, the DTCD has seven UNDP geothermal projects in 6 developing countries. Four of these (Bolivia, China, Honduras, and Kenya) are major exploration projects whose formulation and execution has been possible thanks to the generous contributions under cost-sharing arrangements from the government of Italy. These four projects are summarized.

Beredjick, N.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

High Country Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

High Country Energy High Country Energy Place Kasson, Minnesota Zip MN 55944 Sector Wind energy Product Developing a planned 300MW wind project in Dodge and Olmsted countries, Minnesota. Coordinates 44.02676°, -92.748254° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.02676,"lon":-92.748254,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

144

Kenya SWERA-Country Report.pdf  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

KENYA COUNTRY REPORT KENYA COUNTRY REPORT SOLAR AND WIND ENERGY RESOURCE ASSESSMENT Nairobi, 23 May 2008 i ii Disclaimer This report is a compilation of information relating to the Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment Project (SWERA) including data capturing and analysis, computation and mapping using GIS and other technologies to produce a national solar and wind atlases for Kenya. The contents of this report do not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations Environment Programme, Government of Kenya, Practical Action or any other party or organizations and countries involved in the SWERA project. Any omissions or alteration of the intended meaning and discrepancies are highly regretted. Daniel Theuri Lead Implementer SWERA National Team Nairobi, 23 May 2008 iii ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

145

Country-Fried Biofuels | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Country-Fried Biofuels Country-Fried Biofuels Country-Fried Biofuels December 9, 2010 - 5:33pm Addthis Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program Editor's Note: This entry is crossposted from the Energy Savers Blog. Every Thanksgiving, we hear stories about an imprudent cook deep frying a turkey inside, resulting in fiery disaster. But a more humdrum risk of deep-frying is improperly disposing of the grease. Pouring it down the drain, which can clog municipal pipes and pollute local waterways, is actually illegal in many places. A better option is to have it recycled into biodiesel. Some Clean Cities coalitions, supported by the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's (EERE) Vehicle Technologies Program, have worked with their local governments to make holiday drippings

146

Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Industrialized Countries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 6 Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Industrialized Countries Extended discussion here Carbon emissions per capita 1973 vs. 1991 by major end use. (Denmark comparison is 1972 and 1991) With the third Conference of the Parties (COP-3) in Kyoto approaching, there is a great deal of excitement over policies designed to reduce future carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from fossil fuels. At COP-3, more than 130 nations will meet to create legally binding targets for CO2 reductions. Accordingly, we have analyzed the patterns of emissions arising from the end uses of energy (and electricity production) in ten industrialized countries, with surprising and, in some cases, worrisome results. The surprise is that emissions in many countries in the early 1990s were lower than in the 1970s in an absolute sense and on a per capita basis; the worry

147

Georgia (country): Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Georgia (country): Energy Resources Georgia (country): Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42,"lon":43.5,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

148

Geothermal development opportunities in developing countries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report is the proceedings of the Seminar on geothermal development opportunities in developing countries, sponsored by the Geothermal Division of the US Department of Energy and presented by the National Geothermal Association. The overall objectives of the seminar are: (1) Provide sufficient information to the attendees to encourage their interest in undertaking more geothermal projects within selected developing countries, and (2) Demonstrate the technological leadership of US technology and the depth of US industry experience and capabilities to best perform on these projects.

Kenkeremath, D.C.

1989-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

149

The Cost to Developing Countries of Adapting to Climate Change...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The Cost to Developing Countries of Adapting to Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: The Cost to Developing Countries of Adapting to Climate Change Agency...

150

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. States. State energy information, detailed and overviews. Maps. Maps by energy source and topic, includes forecast maps. Countries. Country ...

151

DOE Office of Indian Energy Announces New Indian Country Energy...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Announces New Indian Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group Members DOE Office of Indian Energy Announces New Indian Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group...

152

Energy Efficiency Country Study: Republic Of South Africa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Efficiency Country Study: Republic Of South Africa Title Energy Efficiency Country Study: Republic Of South Africa Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number 6365E Year of...

153

Annul Coal Consumption by Country (1980 -2009) Total annual coal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Annul Coal Consumption by Country (1980 -2009) Total annual coal consumption by country, 1980 to 2009 (available as Quadrillion Btu). Compiled by Energy Information Administration...

154

Annual Renewable Electricity Net Generation by Country (1980...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Net Generation by Country (1980 - 2009) Total annual renewable electricity net generation by country, 1980 to 2009 (available in Billion Kilowatt-hours or as Quadrillion Btu)....

155

?Ukraine?EIA?Country Analysis? - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Country Analysis Note. Ukraine was the seventh-largest energy consumer in Europe and Eurasia in 2010. More than half of the country's primary energy supply comes from ...

156

Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment - Kenya Country Report  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

- Kenya Country Report (Abstract):  The Kenya Country Report describes the energy situation in Kenys and identifies solar and wind energy opportunities.
...

157

Biofuels Consumption and Production by Country (2000 - 2010)...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels Consumption and Production by Country (2000 - 2010) Total annual biofuels consumption and production data by country was compiled by the Energy Information Administration...

158

Event:CDKN/MAPS side event: developing countries collaborating...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CDKNMAPS side event: developing countries collaborating for climate compatible development Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png CDKNMAPS side event: developing countries...

159

Annual Renewable Electricity Consumption by Country (2005 - 2009...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Electricity Consumption by Country (2005 - 2009) Total annual renewable electricity consumption by country, 2005 to 2009 (available in Billion Kilowatt-hours or as...

160

Natural Gas Consumption by Country (1980 - 2009) Total annual...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Natural Gas Consumption by Country (1980 - 2009) Total annual dry natural gas consumption by country, 1980 to 2009 (available in Quadrillion Btu). Compiled by Energy Information...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "venezuela 1960-present countries" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Arizona Natural Gas Imports + Intransit From All Countries (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Imports + Intransit From All Countries (Million Cubic Feet) Arizona Natural Gas Imports + Intransit From All Countries (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

162

Lake Country Wind Energy LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Country Wind Energy LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Lake Country Wind Energy LLC Place Minnesota Zip 56209 Sector Renewable Energy, Wind energy Product Minnesota-based wind...

163

Characterization of gas condensate reservoirs using pressure transient and production data - Santa Barbara Field, Monagas, Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents a field case history of the integrated analysis and interpretation developed using all of the available petrophysical, production, and well test data from the condensate zone of Block A, Santa Barbara Field (Monagas, Venezuela). The reservoir units in Santa Barbara Field present substantial structural and fluid complexity, which, in turn, presents broad challenges for assessment and optimization of well performance behavior. Approximately 60 well tests have been performed in the gas condensate sections within Santa Barbara Field, and the analysis and interpretation of this data suggests the existence of condensate banking and layered reservoir behavior, as well as "well interference" effects. We demonstrate and discuss analysis and interpretation techniques that can be utilized for wells that exhibit condensate banking, layered reservoir behavior, and well interference effects (where all of these phenomena are observed in the well performance data taken from Block A in Santa Barbara Field). We have established that the layered reservoir model (no crossflow), coupled with the model for a two-zone radial composite reservoir, is an appropriate reservoir model for the analysis and interpretation of well performance data (i.e., well test and production data) taken from wells in Santa Barbara Field. It is of particular importance to note our success in using the "well interference" approach to analyze and interpret well test data taken from several wells in Santa Barbara Field. While it is premature to make broad conclusions, it can be noted that well interference effects (interference between production wells) could be (and probably is) a major influence on the production performance of Santa Barbara Field. In addition, our well test analysis approach corroborates the use of the Correa and Ramey (variable rate) plotting function for the analysis of drillstem test (DST) data. In summary, we are able to use our integrated analysis developed for Block A (Santa Barbara Field) estimate areal distributions of "flow" properties (porosity, effective permeability, and skin factor), as well as "volumetric" properties (original gas-in-place, gas reserves, and reservoir drainage area (all on a "per-well" basis)).

Medina Tarrazzi, Trina Mercedes

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Identification and characterization of Hydraulic Flow Units in the San Juan Formation, Orocual Field, Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis focuses on the integration of core and well log data in order to provide a petrophysical characterization of the Hydraulic Flow Units (HFU) in the San Juan Formation, Orocual Field, Venezuela. We used three separate approaches to correlate/ integrate these data from Orocual Field. The first method uses the concept of Hydraulic Flow Units (HFU). The second method uses non-parametric transformation and regression, and the third method estimates permeability using polynomial and power law-type functions. We provide a comparison of these methods - and we believe that the HFU and non-parametric regression techniques give the most representative results. In this study we have core data for four wells and well log data for sixteen wells. The core permeability data were adjusted (in this work) to compensate for the Klinkenberg effect (a low pressure gas flow phenomena) and to relate porosity and permeability from laboratory to in-situ (net overburden stress) conditions. To model the stress correction we use the original reservoir pressure of 7470 psia and a two-point stress model. For well logs, we use a quality control method based on depth shift, depth match, environmental corrections, and core-log correlation. Finally, core permeability data were correlated to multiple well log suites (density, neutron, gamma ray, and resistivity). The HFU concept provides a deterministic approach for combining the geological attributes with available petrophysical data to delineate the reservoir into "units" of similar fluid flow characteristics. The HFU method does not presume a relationship between variables. The non-parametric regression/transform technique is based on using variable transformations to generate relationship between dependent and independent variables. This iterative, non-parametric procedure is called the Alternating Conditional Expectation (or ACE) method. Additional deterministic models based on polynomial, power law, and modified power law relations are also used to estimate permeability. The methodologies demonstrated in this work can be applied to any reservoir system having a significant population of permeability measurements and well log data.

Deghirmandjian, Odilia

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Venezuela-MEM/USA-DOE Fossil Energy Report IV-11: Supporting technology for enhanced oil recovery - EOR thermal processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains the results of efforts under the six tasks of the Tenth Amendment anti Extension of Annex IV, Enhanced Oil Recovery Thermal Processes of the Venezuela/USA Energy Agreement. This report is presented in sections (for each of the six Tasks) and each section contains one or more reports that were prepared to describe the results of the effort under each of the Tasks. A statement of each Task, taken from the Agreement Between Project Managers, is presented on the first page of each section. The Tasks are numbered 68 through 73. The first through tenth report on research performed under Annex IV Venezuela MEM/USA-DOE Fossil Energy Report Number IV-1, IV-2, IV-3, IV-4, IV-5, IV-6, IV-7, IV-8, IV-9, IV-10 contain the results of the first 67 Tasks. These reports are dated April 1983, August 1984, March 1986, July 1987, November 1988, December 1989, October 1991, February 1993, March 1995, and December 1997, respectively.

Venezuela

2000-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

166

An Environmental Watch System for the Andean Countries: El Observatorio Andino  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An experimental Environmental Watch System, the so-called Observatorio Andino (OA), has been implemented in Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, and Chile over the past 2 yr. The OA is a collaborative and regional network that aims to ...

Ángel G. Muñoz; Patricio López; Ramón Velásquez; Luis Monterrey; Gloria León; Franklyn Ruiz; Cristina Recalde; Jaime Cadena; Raúl Mejía; Marcos Paredes; Juan Bazo; Carmen Reyes; Gualberto Carrasco; Yaruska Castellón; Claudia Villarroel; Juan Quintana; Avel Urdaneta

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

PROGRESS IN RESIDENTIAL ENERGY CONSERVATION - A MULTI COUNTRY PERSPECTIVE -  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

indicators. fferences Exist Structural factors help to explain differences among countries energy intensity

Schipper, Lee

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

April 25, 2013 April 25, 2013 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 The eighth in a series of reports required by section 1245 (d) (4) (A) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 April 2013 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran 1 Table of Contents March - April 2013 Update ........................................................................................................................... 2 Tables ............................................................................................................................................................ 4 Figures ......................................................................................................................................................... 10

169

Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Country Studies Program Country Studies Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Industry, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.esmap.org/esmap/ Country Poland, Republic of Macedonia UN Region Northern Europe References ESMAP-Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program[1] References ↑ "ESMAP-Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Low_Carbon_Growth_Country_Studies_Program&oldid=576259"

170

OSIRIS-Country-by-Country Opportunity Cost Curves | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » OSIRIS-Country-by-Country Opportunity Cost Curves Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: OSIRIS-Country-by-Country Opportunity Cost Curves Agency/Company /Organization: Conservation International Sector: Climate, Land Focus Area: Agriculture, Forestry Topics: Market analysis Resource Type: Dataset, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.conservation.org/osiris/Pages/overview.aspx Cost: Free UN Region: Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia

171

Adirondack North Country Association | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Adirondack North Country Association Adirondack North Country Association Jump to: navigation, search Name Adirondack North Country Association Address 67 Main Street, Suite 201 Place Saranac Lake, New York Zip 12946 Region Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Number of employees 1-10 Year founded 1954 Phone number 518 891 6200 Website http://www.adirondack.org Coordinates 44.326363°, -74.132012° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.326363,"lon":-74.132012,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

172

Using Economic Input/Output Tables to Predict a Country’s Nuclear Status  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Both nuclear power and nuclear weapons programs should have (related) economic signatures which are detectible at some scale. We evaluated this premise in a series of studies using national economic input/output (IO) data. Statistical discrimination models using economic IO tables predict with a high probability whether a country with an unknown predilection for nuclear weapons proliferation is in fact engaged in nuclear power development or nuclear weapons proliferation. We analyzed 93 IO tables, spanning the years 1993 to 2005 for 37 countries that are either members or associates of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). The 2009 OECD input/output tables featured 48 industrial sectors based on International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC) Revision 3, and described the respective economies in current country-of-origin valued currency. We converted and transformed these reported values to US 2005 dollars using appropriate exchange rates and implicit price deflators, and addressed discrepancies in reported industrial sectors across tables. We then classified countries with Random Forest using either the adjusted or industry-normalized values. Random Forest, a classification tree technique, separates and categorizes countries using a very small, select subset of the 2304 individual cells in the IO table. A nation’s efforts in nuclear power, be it for electricity or nuclear weapons, are an enterprise with a large economic footprint -- an effort so large that it should discernibly perturb coarse country-level economics data such as that found in yearly input-output economic tables. The neoclassical economic input-output model describes a country’s or region’s economy in terms of the requirements of industries to produce the current level of economic output. An IO table row shows the distribution of an industry’s output to the industrial sectors while a table column shows the input required of each industrial sector by a given industry.

Weimar, Mark R.; Daly, Don S.; Wood, Thomas W.

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

173

Bachaquero-01 reservoir, Venezuela-increasing oil production by switching from cyclic steam injection to steamflooding using horizontal wells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Bachaquero-01 reservoir of the Lagunillas field is located in the eastern part of the Maracaibo Lake, Venezuela. The field is operated by the national oil company of Venezuela, PDVSA (Petroleos de Venezuela, S.A.). The Bachaquero-01 heavy oil reservoir lies at about 3,000 ft. ss. and contains 7.037 BSTB of 1 1.7 degrees API gravity oil with an in-situ viscosity of 635 cp. Cold production began in 1960, but since 1971 the reservoir was produced under a massive cyclic steam injection system. To-date some 370 cyclic-steam injection welts have produced from the reservoir, yielding a cumulative oil recovery of only about 5.6% of initial oil-in-place. The reservoir pressure has dropped from an initial 1,370 psia to its present value of about 700 psia. Maximum oil production peaked at 45.0 MSTB/D in 1991, and has since continued to decline. To arrest production decline, three horizontal cyclic-steam injection wells were drilled and completed in the reservoir in 1995-1997. The horizontal sections were from 1,280 to 1,560 ft long and were drilled in locations with existing vertical cyclic steam injection welts. Three-dimensional thermal-compositional simulation studies were conducted to evaluate the performance of the three horizontal welts under cyclic steam injection and steamflooding. The Cartesian model dimensions of the three horizontal welts were 11x22x4, 11x27x5, and 12x20x5. In the steamflooding scheme investigated, the existing horizontal welts were used as injectors while existing (and new) vertical welts surrounding the horizontal welts were used as producers. Simulation results indicate oil recovery under cyclic steam injection to be about 15% of initial oil-in-place, compared to about 25% under steamflooding with no new producers, and about 50% under steamflooding with additional producers. The main advantages of steamflooding over cyclic steam injection were in the re-pressurization and improved thermal efficiency for the Bachaquero-01 reservoir. Higher oil recovery with additional wells resulted from improved areal sweep efficiency. Further study is planned to investigate steamflooding for the rest of the reservoir.

Rodriguez, Manuel Gregorio

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Total All Countries Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Destination: Total All Countries Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andora Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahama Islands Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Bermuda Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Pacific Islands Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordon Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Korea, North Kyrgyzstan Kutubu Kuwait Latvia Lebanon Liberia Libya Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands/Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Soloman Islands South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Tonga Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

175

Potential markets for small coal-fired combustors in OECD countries: Country screening  

SciTech Connect

This report examines potential for use of US-developed advanced coal technology (ACT) for small combustor applications in foreign markets, in particular, the member countries of the Organization of Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). After screening out OECD countries were evaluated on eight important factors favoring use of US ACT, including: the energy plan and/or situation; oil/gas import dependency; coal experience; residential/commercial energy demand; industrial energy demand; trade relations with the United States; lack of domestic competition in the country to US ACT manufacturers; and environmental pressure for use of advanced technology. Statistical and other information was gathered to support each country's rating---high, medium-high, low-medium, or low---for each factor. The country/factor ratings were then used to group the countries into categories indicating their relative potential as markets were found to exist in Spain, Italy, Turkey, Greece, and Canada. It was recommended that Spain, Italy, and Turkey be the subject of future studies, in which more detailed analysis will be made. 23 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Enhanced-oil-recovery thermal processes, annex IV. Venezuela-MEM/USA-DOE fossil-energy report IV-1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Agreement between the United States and Venezuela was designed to further energy research and development in six areas. This report focuses on Annex IV - Enhanced-Oil-Recovery Thermal Processes which was divided into seven tasks. This report will discuss the information developed within Task I related to the Department of Energy providing data on the performance of insulated oil-well tubulars. Surface generated steam has been traditionally used in thermal enhanced oil recovery processes. In past years the tubing through which the steam is injected into the reservoir has been bare with relatively high heat losses. In recent years however various materials and designs for insulating the tubing to reduce heat losses have been developed. Evaluation of several of these designs in an instrumented test tower and in an oil field test environment was undertaken. These tests and the resulting data are presented.

Peterson, G.; Schwartz, E.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Property:HPBD/Country | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page. Page. Pages using the property "HPBD/Country" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) H High Performance Buildings Database + United States + High Performance Buildings Database + United States + High Performance Buildings Database + United States + High Performance Buildings Database + United States + High Performance Buildings Database + United States + High Performance Buildings Database + United States + High Performance Buildings Database + United States + High Performance Buildings Database + United States + High Performance Buildings Database + United States + High Performance Buildings Database + United States + High Performance Buildings Database + United States + High Performance Buildings Database + United States +

178

Energy conservation in typical Asian countries  

SciTech Connect

Various policies and programs have been created to promote energy conservation in Asia. Energy conservation centers, energy conservation standards and labeling, commercial building codes, industrial energy use regulations, and utility demand-side management (DSM) are but a few of them. This article attempts to analyze the roles of these different policies and programs in seven typical Asian countries: China, Indonesia, Japan, Pakistan, South Korea, the Philippines, and Thailand. The conclusions show that the two most important features behind the success policies and programs are (1) government policy support and (2) long-run self-sustainability of financial support to the programs.

Yang, M. [International Inst. for Energy Conservation, Bangkok (Thailand); Rumsey, P. [Supersymmetry USA, Berkeley, CA (United States)

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

The Energy Access Situation in Developing Countries | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Access Situation in Developing Countries Energy Access Situation in Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: The Energy Access Situation in Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization: World Health Organization (WHO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Biomass, Energy Efficiency Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Health Resource Type: Presentation, Technical report User Interface: Website Website: www.who.int/indoorair/publications/energyaccesssituation/en/index.html Cost: Free A Review focusing on the Least Developed Countries and Sub-Saharan Africa The "Energy Access Situation in Developing Countries - A Review focusing on the Least Developed Countries and Sub-Saharan Africa" report draws

180

Methodology for assessment of biofuel resources in developing countries  

SciTech Connect

A methodology is described for assessing the potential of biofuel production and utilization in developing countries. The approach combines biomass resource assessment to identify appropriate biofuel options for developing countries. 4 references.

Harper, J.P.; Antonopolous, A.A.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "venezuela 1960-present countries" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

India-CCAP Developing Country Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

India-CCAP Developing Country Project India-CCAP Developing Country Project Jump to: navigation, search Name India-Developing Country Project Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy Sector Climate, Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.ccap.org/ Program Start 2006 Country India Southern Asia References Developing Country Project[1] India-Developing Country Project Screenshot Contents 1 Overview 2 Brazil 3 China 4 India 5 Indonesia 6 Mexico 7 References Overview "As the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) moves forward, it is critical that developing countries are ready and able to make significant progress toward reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. CCAP is helping developing countries prepare for and participate

182

China-CCAP Developing Country Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China-CCAP Developing Country Project China-CCAP Developing Country Project Jump to: navigation, search Name China-Developing Country Project Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy Sector Climate, Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.ccap.org/ Program Start 2006 Country China Eastern Asia References Developing Country Project[1] China-Developing Country Project Screenshot Contents 1 Overview 2 Brazil 3 China 4 India 5 Indonesia 6 Mexico 7 References Overview "As the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) moves forward, it is critical that developing countries are ready and able to make significant progress toward reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. CCAP is helping developing countries prepare for and participate

183

Brazil-CCAP Developing Country Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brazil-CCAP Developing Country Project Brazil-CCAP Developing Country Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Brazil-Developing Country Project Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy Sector Climate, Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.ccap.org/ Program Start 2006 Country Brazil South America References Developing Country Project[1] Brazil-Developing Country Project Screenshot Contents 1 Overview 2 Brazil 3 China 4 India 5 Indonesia 6 Mexico 7 References Overview "As the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) moves forward, it is critical that developing countries are ready and able to make significant progress toward reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. CCAP is helping developing countries prepare for and participate

184

California Natural Gas Imports Price All Countries (Dollars per...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Price All Countries (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) California Natural Gas Imports Price All Countries (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4...

185

Developing country effects of Kyoto-type emissions restrictions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economic links among countries, through trade, will cause the effects of greenhouse-gas control measures taken by one set of nations to ripple through the international trade system, affecting countries that may not have ...

Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Jacoby, Henry D.

186

Idaho Natural Gas Exports to All Countries (Million Cubic Feet...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Exports to All Countries (Million Cubic Feet) Idaho Natural Gas Exports to All Countries (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

187

Idaho Natural Gas Exports (Price) All Countries (Dollars per...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

(Price) All Countries (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Idaho Natural Gas Exports (Price) All Countries (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4...

188

Building technological capability within satellite programs in developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global participation in space activity is growing as satellite technology matures and spreads. Countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America are creating or reinvigorating national satellite programs. These countries are ...

Wood, Danielle Renee

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Minnesota Natural Gas Exports (Price) All Countries (Dollars...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(Price) All Countries (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Minnesota Natural Gas Exports (Price) All Countries (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

190

North Dakota Natural Gas Exports (Price) All Countries (Dollars...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(Price) All Countries (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) North Dakota Natural Gas Exports (Price) All Countries (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

191

Louisiana Natural Gas Exports (Price) From All Countries (Dollars...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(Price) From All Countries (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Louisiana Natural Gas Exports (Price) From All Countries (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2...

192

New York Natural Gas Exports (Price) All Countries (Dollars per...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price) All Countries (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) New York Natural Gas Exports (Price) All Countries (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

193

Electricity reform in Chile : lessons for developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chile was the first country in the world to implement a comprehensive reform of its electricity sector in the recent period. Among developing countries only Argentina has had a comparably comprehensive and successful reform. ...

Pollitt, Michael G.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Mississippi Natural Gas Imports Price All Countries (Dollars...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Price All Countries (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Mississippi Natural Gas Imports Price All Countries (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

195

Georgia Natural Gas Imports from All Countries (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

from All Countries (Million Cubic Feet) Georgia Natural Gas Imports from All Countries (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

196

Georgia Natural Gas Imports Price All Countries (Dollars per...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Price All Countries (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Georgia Natural Gas Imports Price All Countries (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4...

197

Maryland Natural Gas Imports Price All Countries (Dollars per...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Price All Countries (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Maryland Natural Gas Imports Price All Countries (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4...

198

Maryland Natural Gas Imports from All Countries (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

from All Countries (Million Cubic Feet) Maryland Natural Gas Imports from All Countries (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

199

En.lighten Country Lighting Assessments (CLAs) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

En.lighten Country Lighting Assessments (CLAs) En.lighten Country Lighting Assessments (CLAs) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: En.lighten Country Lighting Assessments (CLAs) Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Buildings Topics: Resource assessment Website: hqweb.enlighten-initiative.org/CountrySupport/CountryLightingAssessmen En.lighten Country Lighting Assessments (CLAs) Screenshot References: CLAs[1] Logo: En.lighten Country Lighting Assessments (CLAs) About "A large scale shift to efficient lighting is one of the most effective and economically advantageous means to combat climate change. In order to demonstrate the potential opportunities in terms of CO2 emissions reduction and financial economies to be realized by countries that adopt efficient

200

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Financial market analysis and financial data for major energy companies. Environment. Greenhouse gas data, ... Country energy information, detailed ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "venezuela 1960-present countries" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Countries - Analysis & Projections - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Search within Countries. Search By: Pick a date range: From: To: Search All Reports & Publications > Total Energy Available formats Regional ...

202

Problems with packaged sources in foreign countries  

SciTech Connect

The Global Threat Reduction Initiative's (GTRI) Off-Site Source Recovery Project (OSRP), which is administered by the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), removes excess, unwanted, abandoned, or orphan radioactive sealed sources that pose a potential threat to national security, public health, and safety. In total, GTRI/OSRP has been able to recover more than 25,000 excess and unwanted sealed sources from over 825 sites. In addition to transuranic sources, the GTRI/OSRP mission now includes recovery of beta/gamma emitting sources, which are of concern to both the U.S. government and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). This paper provides a synopsis of cooperative efforts in foreign countries to remove excess and unwanted sealed sources by discussing three topical areas: (1) The Regional Partnership with the International Atomic Energy Agency; (2) Challenges in repatriating sealed sources; and (3) Options for repatriating sealed sources.

Abeyta, Cristy L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Matzke, James L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Zarling, John [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tompkin, J. Andrew [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Clean Energy Producing and Exporting Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a theoretical discussion of policy making in the energy industry that adopt policy theories to develop strategies for better energy management. The paper aims to present the applicability of existing policies as methods of management and control of energy in its industry, underlying the importance of OPEC’s role with reference to the EU, US and the Far East. Initial findings suggest that further research is needed to help identify the necessary strategies for an international organization. OPEC is proposed as a starting point for these investigations. Further study into developing an organization to allow for international producers and consumers needs is also needed. Questions regarding the need for such an organization, with best fitting structure are being investigated. The model developed will be presented to various Natural Gas producing countries such as Iran, Iraq, Russia, and Saudi to name a few and will ultimately be set up the same way that OPEC was.

Atighetchi, K.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Lake Country Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Power Power Jump to: navigation, search Name Lake Country Power Place Minnesota Utility Id 10697 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Cycled/Interruptible Air Conditioning Cycled Air (metered) Residential Cycled/Interruptible Air Conditioning Cycled Air (unmetered) Residential Heat Pumps Air-Source if Cycled Residential Heat Pumps Duel Fuel Residential Heat Pumps Ground Source Residential Residential Service Residential Space Heating Duel Fuel Residential

205

The AROUND project: Adapting robotic disaster response to developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The AROUND project: Adapting robotic disaster response to developing countries Alain Boucher1 constraints of developing countries. Keywords: Disaster response, Multi-Robot Systems, Cheap robotics, Spatial, in terms of frequency and devastating power, of natural disasters (par- ticularly in developing countries

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

206

State of the Art of the Development and Application of Anti-Seismic Systems in Europe and Other Countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are already approximately 5,000 structures in the world, located in over 30 countries, that have been protected by seismic isolation (SI), energy dissipation (ED) and other modern seismic vibration passive control (SVPC) systems. The number of such applications is increasing everywhere more and more. It has been confirmed that, in each country, the extension of the use of the SVPC systems is conclusively influenced by earthquake experience, the availability of specific design rules and the features of those adopted. With regard to application, Japan has consolidated its worldwide leadership, with over 3,000 seismically isolated buildings, many others protected by ED systems and several isolated bridges and viaducts. Second is now the P. R. China, with 610 isolated buildings and 45 with dampers, in addition to numerous isolated bridges and viaducts. The Russian Federation is third for the number of isolated buildings, which are approximately 600. In the USA, due to the very penalizing design code in force for SI of buildings, there are at present only a few new applications of this kind (an overall number of approximately 200 was reported), although the US isolated buildings are mostly quite important, half being retrofits; on the contrary, the use of SI for bridges and viaducts and that of ED for buildings are more popular in the USA. At present (April 2008), Italy (which remains the worldwide leader as regards the application of the SVPC systems to cultural heritage and keeps a key role also as to the number and importance of bridges and viaducts protected by such systems) is at the fifth place, at least for the number of isolated buildings already open to activity: they are 51, besides others protected by other SVPC systems. There, thanks to the new national seismic code (enforced in May 2003), there has been a significant recent increase of building application and design of the SVPC systems. With regard to the use of such systems in other countries, Italy is now followed by Taiwan, France (including its Martinique island), New Zealand and Armenia. In addition, significant applications also concern: Canada in North America; Mexico in Central America; Chile and Venezuela in South America; Turkey, South Korea and Indonesia in Asia; and Greece, Cyprus, Portugal and Macedonia in Europe. More recently, the installation of the aforesaid systems also began in further countries, such as Argentina, Israel, India and Iran. Devices manufactured in Italy have been frequently used even abroad. Finally, to be stressed are the somewhat increasing use of SI in nuclear and high risk chemical plants (e.g. the liquefied natural gas tanks) and the already significant application of the SVPC systems to cultural heritage, in particular in Italy.

Martelli, Alessandro [Section on Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Risks - PROTPREV, Department of Environment, Global Changes and Sustainable Development - ACS, Italian Agency for New Technologies, Energy and the Environment - ENEA, GLIS - GLIS-Isolation and Other Anti-Seismic Design Strategies, European Territorial Section, ASSISi - Anti-Seismic Systems International Society, Via Martiri di Monte Sole, 4, I-40129 Bologna (Italy); Forni, Massimo [ENEA-ACS-PROTPREV, GLIS and ASSISi, c/o ENEA, Via Martiri di Monte Sole, 4, I-40129 Bologna (Italy)

2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

207

IEA Renewables in Southeast Asian Countries: Trends and Potentials | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Southeast Asian Countries: Trends and Potentials Southeast Asian Countries: Trends and Potentials Jump to: navigation, search Name IEA Renewables in Southeast Asian Countries: Trends and Potentials Agency/Company /Organization International Energy Agency Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Biomass, Transportation Topics Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Publications Website http://www.iea.org/papers/2010 Country Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines, Vietnam, Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar UN Region South-Eastern Asia References IEA Renewables in Southeast Asian Countries: Trends and Potentials[1] "A main focus of the report investigates the potentials and barriers for scaling up market penetration of renewable energy technologies (RETs) in

208

International Workshop on Small Scale Wind Energy for Developing Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Scale Wind Energy for Developing Countries Scale Wind Energy for Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Name International Workshop on Small Scale Wind Energy for Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization Risoe DTU Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Wind Topics Implementation, Technology characterizations Resource Type Workshop, Training materials, Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.risoe.dtu.dk/~/medi References International Workshop on Small Scale Wind Energy for Developing Countries[1] Background "The workshop covers the following main themes: Wind energy technologies, their perspectives and applications in developing countries. Reliability of wind turbines, lifetime and strength of wind turbine components. Low cost and natural materials for wind turbines.

209

Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries: Public Finance Mechanisms to scale up private sector investment in climate solutions Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency Topics: Finance, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: sefi.unep.org/fileadmin/media/sefi/docs/publications/PublicPrivateWeb. Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries: Public Finance Mechanisms to scale up private sector investment in climate solutions Screenshot References: Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries[1]

210

ORNL Global Change and Developing Country Programs | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ORNL Global Change and Developing Country Programs ORNL Global Change and Developing Country Programs (Redirected from Global Change and Developing Country Programs) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Global Change and Developing Country Programs Name Global Change and Developing Country Programs Agency/Company /Organization Oak Ridge National Laboratory Sector Energy Website http://www.esd.ornl.gov/eess/g References Global Change [1] "For more than twenty years, ORNL has been active in energy and environmental collaborations with developing countries. Projects have involved more than forty countries in Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, and the Middle East; and they have included every major kind of energy technology and policy, along with a wide range of environmental technologies and policies." [1]

211

US EIA Country Energy Profiles | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

US EIA Country Energy Profiles US EIA Country Energy Profiles Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: US EIA Country Energy Profiles Agency/Company /Organization: United States Department of Energy Partner: United States Energy Information Agency Sector: Energy Topics: GHG inventory, Background analysis Website: tonto.eia.doe.gov/country/index.cfm Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/country-energy-profiles-website Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Regulations,Financial Incentives" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. References: US EIA Country Energy Profiles[1] This reegle website provides comprehensive energy profiles for all countries with information from reliable sources such as UN or the World

212

Biofuel Feedstock Assessment For Selected Countries  

SciTech Connect

Findings from biofuel feedstock production assessments and projections of future supply are presented and discussed. The report aims to improve capabilities to assess the degree to which imported biofuel could contribute to meeting future U.S. targets to reduce dependence on imported oil. The study scope was focused to meet time and resource requirements. A screening process identified Argentina, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, India, Mexico, and the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) region for initial analysis, given their likely role in future feedstock supply relevant to U.S. markets. Supply curves for selected feedstocks in these countries are projected for 2012, 2017 and 2027. The supply functions, along with calculations to reflect estimated supplies available for export and/or biofuel production, were provided to DOE for use in a broader energy market allocation study. Potential cellulosic supplies from crop and forestry residues and perennials were also estimated for 2017 and 2027. The analysis identified capacity to potentially double or triple feedstock production by 2017 in some cases. A majority of supply growth is derived from increasing the area cultivated (especially sugarcane in Brazil). This is supplemented by improving yields and farming practices. Most future supplies of corn and wheat are projected to be allocated to food and feed. Larger shares of future supplies of sugarcane, soybean and palm oil production will be available for export or biofuel. National policies are catalyzing investments in biofuel industries to meet targets for fuel blending that generally fall in the 5-10% range. Social and environmental concerns associated with rapid expansion of feedstock production are considered. If the 2017 projected feedstock supply calculated as 'available' for export or biofuel were converted to fuel, it would represent the equivalent of about 38 billion gallons of gasoline. Sugarcane and bagasse dominate the available supply, representing 64% of the total. Among the nations studied, Brazil is the source of about two-thirds of available supplies, followed distantly by Argentina (12%), India and the CBI region.

Kline, Keith L [ORNL; Oladosu, Gbadebo A [ORNL; Wolfe, Amy K [ORNL; Perlack, Robert D [ORNL; Dale, Virginia H [ORNL

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Biofuel Feedstock Assessment for Selected Countries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Findings from biofuel feedstock production assessments and projections of future supply are presented and discussed. The report aims to improve capabilities to assess the degree to which imported biofuel could contribute to meeting future U.S. targets to reduce dependence on imported oil. The study scope was focused to meet time and resource requirements. A screening process identified Argentina, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, India, Mexico, and the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) region for initial analysis, given their likely role in future feedstock supply relevant to U.S. markets. Supply curves for selected feedstocks in these countries are projected for 2012, 2017 and 2027. The supply functions, along with calculations to reflect estimated supplies available for export and/or biofuel production, were provided to DOE for use in a broader energy market allocation study. Potential cellulosic supplies from crop and forestry residues and perennials were also estimated for 2017 and 2027. The analysis identified capacity to potentially double or triple feedstock production by 2017 in some cases. A majority of supply growth is derived from increasing the area cultivated (especially sugarcane in Brazil). This is supplemented by improving yields and farming practices. Most future supplies of corn and wheat are projected to be allocated to food and feed. Larger shares of future supplies of sugarcane, soybean and palm oil production will be available for export or biofuel. National policies are catalyzing investments in biofuel industries to meet targets for fuel blending that generally fall in the 5-10% range. Social and environmental concerns associated with rapid expansion of feedstock production are considered. If the 2017 projected feedstock supply calculated as ‘available’ for export or biofuel were converted to fuel, it would represent the equivalent of about 38 billion gallons of gasoline. Sugarcane and bagasse dominate the available supply, representing 64% of the total. Among the nations studied, Brazil is the source of about two-thirds of available supplies, followed distantly by Argentina (12%), India and the CBI region.

Kline, K.L.; Oladosu, G.A.; Wolfe, A.K.; Perlack, R.D.; Dale, V.H.

2008-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

214

Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country May 21, 2012 7:45AM MST to May 22, 2012 12:30PM MST Scottsdale, Arizona At the fifth annual Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Conference, tribal leaders and professionals will discuss the significant opportunities for energy development in Indian Country, as well as the barriers that tribes must overcome to bring energy projects to fruition. Discussions will include increasing access to private capital, feasibility studies, and how tribes can create sustainable and environmentally responsible economies for the future generations of Indian Country. DOE Office of Indian Energy Director Tracey LeBeau will give the keynote at the conference entitled: "The Next Generation of Indian Energy and

215

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #734: July 2, 2012 OPEC Countries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4: July 2, 2012 4: July 2, 2012 OPEC Countries Represent Less Than Half of U.S. Petroleum Imports to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #734: July 2, 2012 OPEC Countries Represent Less Than Half of U.S. Petroleum Imports on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #734: July 2, 2012 OPEC Countries Represent Less Than Half of U.S. Petroleum Imports on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #734: July 2, 2012 OPEC Countries Represent Less Than Half of U.S. Petroleum Imports on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #734: July 2, 2012 OPEC Countries Represent Less Than Half of U.S. Petroleum Imports on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #734: July 2, 2012 OPEC Countries Represent Less Than Half of U.S. Petroleum Imports on Digg

216

Building REDD Capacity in Developing Countries | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Building REDD Capacity in Developing Countries Building REDD Capacity in Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Building REDD Capacity in Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization: International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Workshop, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.iisd.org/climate/land_use/redd/ Country: Kenya, Vietnam Eastern Africa, South-Eastern Asia References: IISD Building REDD Capacity in Developing Countries[1] Background "To provide developing countries with this support, IISD has partnered with the Alternatives to Slash and Burn Partnership for the Tropical Forest Margins, World Agroforesty Centre (ASB-ICRAF), to deliver a series of

217

Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country March 5, 2012 - 6:27pm Addthis This event will take place May 21-22, 2012, in Scottsdale, Arizona. At the fifth annual Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Conference, tribal leaders and professionals will discuss the significant opportunities for energy development in Indian Country, as well as the barriers that tribes must overcome to bring energy projects to fruition. Discussions will include increasing access to private capital, feasibility studies, and how tribes can create sustainable and environmentally responsible economies for the future generations of Indian Country. Learn more and register on the Native Nation Events website. Addthis Related Articles Obama Administration Announces Additional $63,817,400 for Local Energy

218

Access to Climate Change Technology by Developing Countries | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Access to Climate Change Technology by Developing Countries Access to Climate Change Technology by Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Access to Climate Change Technology by Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization: International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development Sector: Energy, Land Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Finance, Implementation Resource Type: Publications, Guide/manual Website: ictsd.org/downloads/2009/11/access-to-climate-change-technology-by-dev Access to Climate Change Technology by Developing Countries Screenshot References: Developing Country-Access to CC Tech[1] "The paper critically examines various approaches that have been suggested for achieving greater access to climate change technology by developing countries, including compulsory licensing, patent pools, patent databases

219

ORNL Global Change and Developing Country Programs | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Change and Developing Country Programs Change and Developing Country Programs Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Global Change and Developing Country Programs Name Global Change and Developing Country Programs Agency/Company /Organization Oak Ridge National Laboratory Sector Energy Website http://www.esd.ornl.gov/eess/g References Global Change [1] "For more than twenty years, ORNL has been active in energy and environmental collaborations with developing countries. Projects have involved more than forty countries in Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, and the Middle East; and they have included every major kind of energy technology and policy, along with a wide range of environmental technologies and policies." [1] References ↑ 1.0 1.1 Global Change Retrieved from

220

Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country March 5, 2012 - 6:27pm Addthis This event will take place May 21-22, 2012, in Scottsdale, Arizona. At the fifth annual Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Conference, tribal leaders and professionals will discuss the significant opportunities for energy development in Indian Country, as well as the barriers that tribes must overcome to bring energy projects to fruition. Discussions will include increasing access to private capital, feasibility studies, and how tribes can create sustainable and environmentally responsible economies for the future generations of Indian Country. Learn more and register on the Native Nation Events website. Addthis Related Articles Obama Administration Announces Additional $63,817,400 for Local Energy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "venezuela 1960-present countries" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Recovery of Highly Enriched Uranium Provided to Foreign Countries...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Power Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home Recovery of Highly Enriched Uranium Provided to Foreign Countries, DOEIG-0638 Recovery of Highly Enriched...

222

Crude Oil and Total Petroleum Imports Top 15 Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The top five exporting countries accounted for 69 percent of United States crude oil imports in ... exporting 2,829 thousand barrels per day to the ...

223

West Coast (PADD 5) Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

224

Weekly Preliminary Crude Imports by Top 10 Countries of Origin ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Weekly Preliminary Crude Imports by Top 10 Countries of Origin (based on 2012 Petroleum Supply Monthly data) (Thousand Barrels per Day)

225

Crude Oil Imports from All Countries - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

226

title Energy Efficiency Country Study Republic Of South Africa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Africa year month institution Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory keywords appliance energy efficiency attachments http eetd lbl gov sites all files south africa country study...

227

Scaling up Renewable Energy in Developing Countries: finance...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

policy, aims to provide an evidence-base from private sector financiers involved in developing countries identifying issues faced in making RE investments in the 2008-2009...

228

,"Idaho Natural Gas Exports to All Countries (Million Cubic Feet...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Idaho Natural Gas Exports to All Countries (Million Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release...

229

East Coast (PADD 1) Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

230

Average wholesale spot natural gas prices rose across the country ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Wholesale spot natural gas prices rose across the country in 2010. Average spot natural gas prices at the Henry Hub—a key benchmark location for pricing throughout ...

231

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Nuclear Electricity Consumption Total Energy. Topics Analysis & Projections Environment Markets & Finance Today in Energy. Geography States Countries Maps. Tools A-Z ...

232

Tropical Africa: Mean Biomass of Closed Forests By Country  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Forests By Country image Brown, S., and G. Gaston. 1996. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates For 1980. ORNLCDIAC-92, NDP-055. Carbon Dioxide Information...

233

Tropical Africa: Mean Biomass of Open Forests By Country  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Forests By Country image Brown, S., and G. Gaston. 1996. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates For 1980. ORNLCDIAC-92, NDP-055. Carbon Dioxide Information...

234

‹ Countries East China Sea Background - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

‹ Countries East China Sea Last Updated: September 25, 2012 Background Although the East China Sea may have abundant oil and natural gas resources, unresolved

235

‹ Countries South China Sea Overview - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

‹ Countries South China Sea Last Updated: February 7, 2013 (Notes) full report Overview The South China Sea is a critical world trade route and a potential source ...

236

Country Specific Low Carbon Plans (LCP) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fund Sector Energy Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http:www.giz.de Country Philippines, Turkey...

237

‹ Countries Korea, South Overview - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

‹ Countries Korea, South Last Updated: January 17, 2013 (Notes) full report Overview South Korea is a major energy importer. EIA estimates that South Korea was the ...

238

Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

239

U.S. Imports from All Countries - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

240

Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "venezuela 1960-present countries" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

242

The Texas Hill Country and the looming water crisis.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This report examines the cultural and economic growth of the Texas Hill Country resulting from the construction of the Highland Lake chain. It compares the… (more)

Brah, Bryan Lewis

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

,"California Natural Gas Imports Price All Countries (Dollars...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","California Natural Gas Imports Price All Countries (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012...

244

,"Georgia Natural Gas Imports Price All Countries (Dollars per...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Georgia Natural Gas Imports Price All Countries (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012...

245

,"Mississippi Natural Gas Imports Price All Countries (Dollars...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Mississippi Natural Gas Imports Price All Countries (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012...

246

,"Maryland Natural Gas Imports Price All Countries (Dollars per...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Maryland Natural Gas Imports Price All Countries (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012...

247

APPENDIX A CRUDE STREAM CODES COUNTRY Stream Code Stream Name ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Page ?? 6 * A Former Soviet Republic APPENDIX A CRUDE STREAM CODES COUNTRY Stream Code Stream Name Gravity Sulfur Columbia - Continued CO043 Orito ...

248

Biofuel Feedstock Assessment For Selected Countries  

SciTech Connect

Findings from biofuel feedstock production assessments and projections of future supply are presented and discussed. The report aims to improve capabilities to assess the degree to which imported biofuel could contribute to meeting future U.S. targets to reduce dependence on imported oil. The study scope was focused to meet time and resource requirements. A screening process identified Argentina, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, India, Mexico, and the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) region for initial analysis, given their likely role in future feedstock supply relevant to U.S. markets. Supply curves for selected feedstocks in these countries are projected for 2012, 2017 and 2027. The supply functions, along with calculations to reflect estimated supplies available for export and/or biofuel production, were provided to DOE for use in a broader energy market allocation study. Potential cellulosic supplies from crop and forestry residues and perennials were also estimated for 2017 and 2027. The analysis identified capacity to potentially double or triple feedstock production by 2017 in some cases. A majority of supply growth is derived from increasing the area cultivated (especially sugarcane in Brazil). This is supplemented by improving yields and farming practices. Most future supplies of corn and wheat are projected to be allocated to food and feed. Larger shares of future supplies of sugarcane, soybean and palm oil production will be available for export or biofuel. National policies are catalyzing investments in biofuel industries to meet targets for fuel blending that generally fall in the 5-10% range. Social and environmental concerns associated with rapid expansion of feedstock production are considered. If the 2017 projected feedstock supply calculated as 'available' for export or biofuel were converted to fuel, it would represent the equivalent of about 38 billion gallons of gasoline. Sugarcane and bagasse dominate the available supply, representing 64% of the total. Among the nations studied, Brazil is the source of about two-thirds of available supplies, followed distantly by Argentina (12%), India and the CBI region.

Kline, Keith L [ORNL; Oladosu, Gbadebo A [ORNL; Wolfe, Amy K [ORNL; Perlack, Robert D [ORNL; Dale, Virginia H [ORNL

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Analysis of reservoir performance and forecasting for the eastern area of the C-2 Reservoir, Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research developed a numerical simulation based on the latest reservoir description to evaluate the feasibility of new infill wells to maximize the recovery specifically in the eastern region of the reservoir operated by Petroleos de Venezuela S.A. (PDVSA). This research provides a full-field numerical simulation that predicts performance and aids in planning future development with infill wells for a reservoir located at the south of Block V, Lamar in Lake Maracaibo. The simulation is especially promising for the eastern region, which has the current highest oil production behavior. The final model achieved an acceptable history match for pressure and fluids for the entire reservoir, especially for the eastern area. On the basis of this model and an opportunity index, the best six infill wells should be located in the eastern area of the reservoir, which would increased the cumulated production in 44.5 MMSTB. This work is important because it provides the first numerical simulation for the entire reservoir that considers the new geological model developed during reservoir description. Furthermore, it provides PDVSA with a powerful tool for planning and reservoir management decisions, especially in the eastern area of the reservoir. Predictions resulting from this area show an important increment in the final reservoir recovery over the base case, production depletion under current conditions without any change. On the basis of these results, I strongly recommend starting a new infill drilling campaign in the eastern area as indicated by the simulation results to increase the oil rate reservoir productions and to improve total ultimate recovery.

Urdaneta Anez, Jackeline C

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Reform and Regulation of the Electricity Sectors in Developing Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in investment patterns reflect the differences in the reform strategies adopted by the countries in these regions during the 1990s. By and large, the EAP and SA countries opted for power purchase agreements (PPAs) with independent power producers (IPPs) while...

Jamasb, Tooraj; Littlechild, Stephen C

2004-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

251

The diffusion of the Internet: A cross-country analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper analyzes the process of Internet diffusion across the world using a panel of 214 countries during the period 1990-2004. Countries are classified as low- or high-income and it is shown that the diffusion process is characterized by a different ... Keywords: Digital divide, Internet, Network externalities, O14, O33, O57, S-shape curve, Technological diffusion

Luis Andrés; David Cuberes; Mame Diouf; Tomás Serebrisky

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Assessment of Biomass Resources from Marginal Lands in APEC Countries |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

from Marginal Lands in APEC Countries from Marginal Lands in APEC Countries Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Assessment of Biomass Resources from Marginal Lands in APEC Countries Name Assessment of Biomass Resources from Marginal Lands in APEC Countries Agency/Company /Organization National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector Energy Focus Area Biomass Topics Resource assessment Resource Type Dataset, Maps, Publications Website http://www.biofuels.apec.org/p Country Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, China, Indonesia, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Russia, Chinese Taipei, Thailand, United States, Vietnam Australia and New Zealand, South-Eastern Asia, Northern America, South America, Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Asia, Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Central America, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, South America, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Europe, , South-Eastern Asia, Northern America, South-Eastern Asia

253

Mexico-CCAP Developing Country Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Mexico-CCAP Developing Country Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Mexico-Developing Country Project Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy Sector Climate, Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.ccap.org/ Program Start 2006 Country Mexico Central America References Developing Country Project[1] Mexico-Developing Country Project Screenshot Contents 1 Overview 2 Brazil 3 China 4 India 5 Indonesia 6 Mexico 7 References Overview "As the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

254

Enabling a Transition to Low Carbon Economies in Developing Countries:  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Enabling a Transition to Low Carbon Economies in Developing Countries: Enabling a Transition to Low Carbon Economies in Developing Countries: Bangladesh Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Enabling a Transition to Low Carbon Economies in Developing Countries: Bangladesh Agency/Company /Organization: Imperial College-London Sector: Energy, Climate Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Biomass, - Waste to Energy, - Anaerobic Digestion, Solar, - Concentrating Solar Power, - Solar PV, Wind Topics: GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Pathways analysis, Background analysis Resource Type: Publications, Case studies/examples Website: workspace.imperial.ac.uk/energyfutureslab/Public/2010-03-17-Bangladesh Country: Bangladesh Southern Asia Enabling a Transition to Low Carbon Economies in Developing Countries: Bangladesh Screenshot

255

Advancing Clean Energy in Indian Country | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Advancing Clean Energy in Indian Country Advancing Clean Energy in Indian Country Advancing Clean Energy in Indian Country November 7, 2011 - 3:16pm Addthis Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs Director Tracey LeBeau meets with tribal leaders from across the United States in Portland, Oregon to discuss how to advance clean energy deployment in Indian Country. | The National Conference of State Legislatures Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs Director Tracey LeBeau meets with tribal leaders from across the United States in Portland, Oregon to discuss how to advance clean energy deployment in Indian Country. | The National Conference of State Legislatures Tracey A. LeBeau Director, Office of Indian Energy Policy & Programs Last week, I attended the National Congress for American Indians (NCAI)

256

Reforming Power Markets in Developing Countries | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reforming Power Markets in Developing Countries Reforming Power Markets in Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Reforming Power Markets in Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Conventional Energy, Renewable Energy Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications, Lessons learned/best practices Website: siteresources.worldbank.org/INTENERGY/Resources/Energy19.pdf References: Reforming Power Markets in Developing Countries [1] Summary "This paper complements the World Bank's Operational Guidance Note by compiling lessons of this experience that help in applying the Note's guidance. These lessons are taken from the rapidly growing literature on power market reform in developing countries. They cover the range of issues

257

Building MRV Standards and Capacity in Key Countries | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MRV Standards and Capacity in Key Countries MRV Standards and Capacity in Key Countries Jump to: navigation, search Name Building MRV Standards and Capacity in Key Countries Agency/Company /Organization World Resources Institute (WRI) Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Implementation Website http://www.wri.org/topics/mrv Program Start 2011 Program End 2014 Country Brazil, Colombia, Ethiopia, India, South Africa, Thailand South America, South America, Eastern Africa, Southern Asia, Southern Africa, South-Eastern Asia References World Resources Institute (WRI)[1] Program Overview Developing countries will be required to measure, report, and verify (MRV) mitigation actions according to international guidelines, but few have the capacity to do so. The goal of this project is to build the capacity of a

258

Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Jump to: navigation, search Stage 2 LEDS Home Introduction to Framework Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Develop_BAU Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions Begin execution of implementation plans 1.0. Organizing the LEDS Process 1.1. Institutional Structure for LEDS 1.2. Workplan to Develop the LEDS 1.3. Roles and responsibilities to develop LEDS 2.1. Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities 2.2. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and previous sustainable development efforts in the country 2.3. Assess public and private sector capacity to support initiatives 2.4. Assess and improve the national GHG inventory and other

259

The energy situation in five Central American countries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study describes the energy resources and the changes that have taken place in energy supply and demand in five Central American countries between 1970 and 1984. Economic changes are also reviewed because they influence and are affected by changes in the energy sector. The work was performed under the auspices of the US Agency for International Development. The Central American countries of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Panama are highly dependent on fuel wood as a source of energy, particularly in the residential sector. They also rely upon imported oil products to supply a growing modern sector. Most countries have significant hydroelectric and geothermal resources, and most countries produce a large portion of their electricity from hydroelectric projects. Demand for electricity has grown rapidly. Relative shares of primary versus secondary energy in the five countries vary significantly and strongly correlate with average per capita income. Consumption of secondary energy has declined during the recent economic recession suffered by the region.

Trocki, L.; Booth, S.R.; Umana Q, A.

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Promoting energy efficiency in developing countries: The role of NGOs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Developing countries need energy growth to spur economic growth. Yet energy activities contribute significantly to local water pollution and global greenhouse gas emissions. Energy efficiency offers the means to achieve the twin goals of sustainable economic/social development and environmental protection. Energy efficiency increases industrial competitiveness and frees up capital so it can be applied to other uses, such as health and education. The key to improving energy efficiency in developing countries will be acquiring and applying Western technologies, practices, and policies and building national institutions for promoting energy efficiency. Relevant energy-efficient technologies include the use of better electric motors, adjustable speed controls, combined cycle power cogeneration, improved lighting, better refrigeration technologies, and improved electric power transmission and distribution systems. Western countries can best help developing countries by providing guidance and resources to support nongovernmental organizations (NGOS) staffed by local experts; these institutions can capture the energy efficiency potential and ensure environmental protection in developing countries.

Wojtaszek, E.I.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "venezuela 1960-present countries" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Modelling Agricultural Trade and Policy Impacts in Less Developed Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modelling Agricultural Trade and Policy Impacts in Less Developed Countries Modelling Agricultural Trade and Policy Impacts in Less Developed Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Modelling Agricultural Trade and Policy Impacts in Less Developed Countries Agency/Company /Organization: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development Sector: Land Focus Area: Agriculture Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Software/modeling tools Website: www.oecd.org/dataoecd/39/39/42122112.pdf Modelling Agricultural Trade and Policy Impacts in Less Developed Countries Screenshot References: Modelling Ag Policy[1] Overview "The role of agricultural policies in addressing the development needs of poorer countries is high on the political agenda, for both structural reasons and as a result of recent market developments. In the first place,

262

Green Light for Renewables in Developing Countries | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Green Light for Renewables in Developing Countries Green Light for Renewables in Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Green Light for Renewables in Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization: Alliance for Rural Electrification Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Phase: Create a Vision Resource Type: Publications User Interface: Website Website: www.ruralelec.org/fileadmin/DATA/Documents/06_Publications/Position_pa Cost: Free Language: English The publication "Green light for renewable energies in developing countries" underpins how development and access to electricity are intertwined. The publication "Green light for renewable energies in developing countries" underpins how development and access to electricity are intertwined. It highlights the pros and cons of various technologies. Cost breakdowns

263

EIA - International Energy Outlook 2009-Gas Exporting Countries Forum: What  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gas Exporting Countries Forum: What Is GECF and What Is Its Objective? Gas Exporting Countries Forum: What Is GECF and What Is Its Objective? International Energy Outlook 2009 Gas Exporting Countries Forum: What Is GECF and What Is Its Objective? The Gas Exporting Countries Forum (GECF) was established in 2001, with the objective of generating “tangible cooperation among gas producing and exporting countries.”a In May 2001, 10 countries attended the first Ministerial Meeting of the GECF in Tehran, Iran,band since then it has held ministerial-level meetings almost every year. The membership has fluctuated from year to year, because the forum has had no formal structure, no membership requirements, and no dues.c Topics discussed under the auspices of the GECF have included the structure of the organization, new regulatory policies in consuming countries, development of a natural gas supply and demand model, and various studies to be conducted for the benefit of the membership.d

264

Pakistan: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Energy Program has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics -- often from unpublished and disparate sources that are unavailable to most readers. Staff members have traveled extensively in -- and at times have lived in -- the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. This report summarizes the energy and economic situation in Pakistan.

Gazdar, M.N.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Indonesia: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report  

SciTech Connect

As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Energy Program has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy have covered Australia, China, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics -- often from unpublished and disparate sources that are unavailable to most readers. Staff members have traveled extensively in -- and at times have lived in -- the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. This report covers Indonesia. 37 refs., 36 figs., 64 tabs.

Prawiraatmadja, W.; Yamaguchi, N.; Breazeale, K.; Basari, S.R.

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This book provides background information on the agroenergetic potential of 65 countries and offers summaries of major crops planted, total area planted, yield per hectare, and total production. Total land area is categorized as to agriculture, forest, and woodland, and is discussed with demographic statistics for each country. The potential for agricultural by-products and biomass to contribute to energy availability is explored, with reference to each major crop. Vegetation and/or economic activity, or soil maps are presented for most countries, as are climatic data, with crop yields and residues which are compared with production elsewhere.

Duke, J.A.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Reservoir characterization of the upper Merecure and lower Oficina Formations sands in the Leona Este Field, Eastern Venezuela Basin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The "S5", "T" and "U1" sands, traditionally described as part of the lower section of the "Oficina" Formation, and the "U2" sand, as part of the upper interval of the "Merecure" Formation, contain the largest oil remaining reserves of the Leona Este Field, which is located in the southern portion of the Eastern Venezuela Basin. Two or more of these reservoir sands, which are interbedded with shales, have been simultaneously produced pursuing an increase in the oil production rate, but an unexpected production performance was obtained: the accelerated and early increase of the water volume associated to the produced oil has caused the shut down of some wells in the Leona Este Field. In order to understand this productive performance and to re-evaluate the hydrocarbon potential of the study interval, it is important to describe these reservoirs in terms of their depositional origin and trap formation. An integrated reservoir model was constructed using all the available geological, geophysical and production data. The hydrocarbon trapping mechanism of each studied stratigraphic interval, traditionally known as the "S5", "TU", "TL", "U1U", "U1L", "U2U", "U2MA", "U2MB" and "U2L" sands, includes two components: ? Stratigraphic component: each stratigraphic interval presents one or more reservoir zones composed by sandy deposits that fill belts of stacked tidal-fluvial channels in a SSE-NNW trending tide-dominated estuarine system. In most intervals, these contemporaneous-in-deposition reservoir zones are not connected due to the lateral variation of facies present in the tide-dominated estuary. ? Structural component: northward dipping strata have been offset by a W-E trending major normal fault and secondary normal faults striking parallel to the major one. The major fault is the southern seal of the hydrocarbon traps. The most important prospects of the study interval are the reservoir zones 1 and 2 of the "U1L" sand, the reservoir zone 3 of the "U2MB" sand, and the "U1U" sand, which show more than 15 feet of average net sand thickness, and contain the largest volume of recoverable oil per reservoir zone in the Leona Este Field.

Flores Millan, Maria Carolina

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Rayburn Country Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rayburn Country Elec Coop, Inc Rayburn Country Elec Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Rayburn Country Elec Coop, Inc Place Texas Utility Id 18589 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SPP NERC ERCOT Yes NERC SPP Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Buying Distribution Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates No Rates Available References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Rayburn_Country_Elec_Coop,_Inc&oldid=411429

269

Bringing a Range of Supported Mitigation Activities in Selected Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bringing a Range of Supported Mitigation Activities in Selected Countries Bringing a Range of Supported Mitigation Activities in Selected Countries to the Next Level Jump to: navigation, search Name Bringing a Range of Supported Mitigation Activities in Selected Countries to the Next Level Agency/Company /Organization Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN), Ecofys Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Agriculture, People and Policy Topics Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.ecn.nl/docs/library Program Start 2011 Program End 2014 Country Chile, Indonesia, Kenya, Peru, Tunisia South America, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Africa, South America, Northern Africa References ECN[1] Ecofys[2] Program Overview This project runs from March 2012 to December 2014, and is a collaboration

270

Strategic analysis of mobile money ventures in Developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mobile money services are spreading rapidly in many developed and developing countries across the world. Whereas in developed economies these new services are seen as a way to make current services more functional and ...

Caballero, Luis (Luis Alberto Caballero Parra)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

High Country Rose Greenhouses Greenhouse Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Country Rose Greenhouses Greenhouse Low Temperature Geothermal Country Rose Greenhouses Greenhouse Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name High Country Rose Greenhouses Greenhouse Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility High Country Rose Greenhouses Sector Geothermal energy Type Greenhouse Location Helena, Montana Coordinates 46.6002123°, -112.0147188° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

272

Mainstreaming Building Energy Efficiency Codes in Developing Countries:  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mainstreaming Building Energy Efficiency Codes in Developing Countries: Mainstreaming Building Energy Efficiency Codes in Developing Countries: Global Experiences and Lessons from Early Adopters Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Mainstreaming Building Energy Efficiency Codes in Developing Countries: Global Experiences and Lessons from Early Adopters Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Buildings Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.ecn.nl/fileadmin/ecn/units/bs/IEC/LCDS_presentation_082010.pdf Mainstreaming Building Energy Efficiency Codes in Developing Countries: Global Experiences and Lessons from Early Adopters Screenshot References: Building Energy Efficiency[1] Summary "This report summarizes the findings of an extensive literature survey of

273

Hyannis Country Garden Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Farm Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Hyannis Country Garden Wind Farm Facility Hyannis Country Garden Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Hyannis Country Garden Energy Purchaser Hyannis Country Garden Location Hyannis MA Coordinates 41.6356667°, -70.2994661° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.6356667,"lon":-70.2994661,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

274

Indian Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group Indian Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group The Indian Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group (ICEIWG) has been established to work collaboratively with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs to assist in surveys, analysis, and recommendations related to those program and policy initiatives required to fulfill the DOE statutory authorizations and requirements of Title V of the Energy Policy Act of 2005. About ICEIWG Secretary Steven Chu announced the creation of the Working Group in May 2011 as an initiative to establish a working group of tribal government leaders and DOE to survey, analyze, and provide feedback to the DOE on its policy and program initiatives to meet the goals and programmatic

275

“Sustainable development of hydropower in third countries: The  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sustainable development of hydropower in third countries: Sustainable development of hydropower in third countries: The development of hydropower on a sustainable basis has been an array of humanitarian and economic development, especially for local people as well as an important tool in the fight agains “Sustainable development of hydropower in third countries: The development of hydropower on a sustainable basis has been an array of humanitarian and economic development, especially for local people as well as an important tool in the fight agains “Sustainable development of hydropower in third countries: The development of hydropower on a sustainable basis has been an array of humanitarian and economic development, especially for local people as well as an important tool in the fight against glo

276

Grant Researching and Proposal Writing in Indian Country Workshop  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Seminole Tribe of Florida Native Learning Center is excited to present its first Grant Researching and Proposal Writing in Indian Country Workshop. Whether you are a beginner, an expert, or...

277

Bicycle-powered attachments : designing for developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are 550 million smallholder farmers around the world who earn less than $1/day who could benefit from pedal-powered attachments. This project discusses factors to consider in designing for developing countries and ...

Wu, Jodie (Jodie Z.)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

A Comparison of Sustainability Indices: Mixed Messages from OECD Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that is widely reported for many countries. They further argue that `change in TW per capita' (TWpc look at `change in TWpc'. It is a controversial concept, involving important unresolved conceptual

279

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Top World Oil Producers, 2012 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Sort By Country; Production; 1 Saudi Arabia; 11,726; 2 United States; 11,115; 3 Russia; 10,397; 4 China ...

280

Understanding developing countries' capacities to negotiate effective trade agreements : Colombia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores the obstacles (the negotiation machinery, the asymmetric context of power and the international and domestic context) for developing countries in negotiating international trade agreements with the US. ...

Bonilla, Martha Isabel, 1965-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "venezuela 1960-present countries" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Spectral Distribution of Solar Radiation in the Nordic Countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 1977 a cooperative research project between the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norwayand Sweden) was started. The objective was to chart the spectral distribution of solar radiation in the Nordicarea with a view to furnish ...

G. Kvifte; K. Hegg; V. Hansen

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Electricity Network Tariff Architectures: A Comparison of Four OECD Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The study is motivated by the question “what is the optimal tariff design?” While we do not offer an answer to this question, we use the different designs in four select countries to illuminate the issues involved in ...

Sakhrani, Vivek

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

EIA-856, "Monthly Foreign Crude Oil Acquisition Report," July 1984 to present. 24. F.O.B. Costs of Imported Crude Oil, by Selected Country 46 Energy Information Administration ...

284

Essays on household decision making in developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation contains three essays on household decision making in the areas of education and health in developing countries. The first chapter explores intra-household decision making in the context of conditional ...

Berry, James W. (James Wesley)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Essays on banking and corporate finance in developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation consists of three essays that examine banking and corporate finance in developing countries. Specifically, it explores the theoretical and empirical implications of open capital markets, foreign bank ...

Gormley, Todd A

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Establishment City Country Univ Estadual Paulista So Paulo Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Establishment City Country Univ Estadual Paulista São Paulo Brazil Univ Federal do Parana Curitiba Brazil Kwantien Polytechnic Univ-Cloverdale Cloverdale Canada Kwantien Polytechnic Univ-Richmond Richmond

Castillo, Steven P.

287

The U.S. Country Studies Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Assessment...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 The U.S. Country Studies Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Assessment Workshop: A Report Participants in the first GHG Mitigation Assessment Workshop. On June 13-24, the Center's Energy...

288

A sustainable model for ICT capacity building in developing countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

System administrators are often asked to apply their professional expertise in unusual situations, or under tight resource constraints. What happens, though, when the "situation" is a foreign country with only basic technical infrastructure, and the ...

Rudy Gevaert

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Search EIA.gov. A-Z Index; A-Z Index A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ. Countries. Glossary ...

290

The new Basel accord and developing countries: problems and alternatives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

programmes of the IMF and World Bank come with conditions attached, and these conditions include compliance with international regulatory benchmarks. Bank branches from developing countries are authorised in high-income countries only if their home... change of approach to regulation. Banks can, and do, change their risk profiles very rapidly. Periodic examination of prudential returns has become less useful, and some banks routinely window-dress at reporting dates. Regulators, like auditors...

Ward, Jonathan

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

India: Asia-Pacific energy series country report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Resources Programs of the East-West Center series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for International Affairs and Energy Emergencies, have covered Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies provide an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. To the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics. Staff members have traveled extensively in-and at times have lived in-the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. Over the next few years these country studies can be updated and will provide a continuous, long-term source of energy sector analysis for the Asia-Pacific region. This India Asia-Pacific Energy Series Country Report is the follow-on to a study by Victor Lobo, Energy in India: The Oil Sector, which was published by the East-West Center in December 1989. The study focused on the petroleum industry, particularly refining, infrastructure, marketing and distribution, specifications of products, demand structure and pricing. This current study, must be seen as a supplement to our 1989 study and, as such, does not cover the petroleum sector in depth.

Gazdar, M.N.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Brief description of the Developing Country Energy Project  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the project is to assess the role of new or adapted technologies in addressing the energy problems of developing countries. This objective is pursued through activities ranging from historical economic analyses of the role of energy in development to assessments of individual technologies carried out in support of research and development planning. The project, started in 1975, carries a particular emphasis on the energy problems and technologies appropriate to rural development. A firm tenet of the activity is, however, that the role of individual energy technologies can be understood only through an integrated view of the entire energy system and the way in which that system meshes with the economic and cultural structure of a society. The entire group of LDCs are being examined to develop a better understanding of the role of energy in development and to project the energy requirements of those countries under alternative growth patterns. Some representative countries were used as the basis for generic energy technology assessment. Seven countries were chosen as an initial set for analysis based on their representing a range of levels of development, climate, resource base, etc. These countries were India and Kenya (in the low, less than $200 per capita, income group) Ghana and South Korea (in the intermediate income group), and Chile, Brazil and Greece (in the upper, greater than $550 per capita, income group). In constructing energy supply-demand models for these countries, emphasis was placed on incorporating data on noncommercial energy use wherever such information was available. (MCW)

1976-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Venezuela Gasoline Production & Demand  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Change and Uncertainty Today’s gasoline imports essential to meet ... Refinery-based MTBE production and some merchant MTBE facilities will be ...

294

Prospects for the power sector in nine developing countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on information drawn primarily from official planning documents issued by national governments and/or utilities, the authors examined the outlook for the power sector in the year 2000 in nine countries: China, India, Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines, South Korea, Taiwan, Argentina and Mexico. They found that the implicit rates of average annual growth of installed electric power capacity between 1991 and 2001 range from a low of 3.3% per year in Argentina to a high of 13.2% per year in Indonesia. In absolute terms, China and India account for the vast majority of the growth. The plans call for a shift in the generating mix towards coal in six of the countries, and continued strong reliance on coal in China and India. The use of natural gas is expected to increase substantially in a number of the countries. The historic movement away from oil continues, although some countries are maintaining dual-fuel capabilities. Plans call for considerable growth of nuclear power in South Korea and China and modest increases in India and Taiwan. The feasibility of the official plans varies among the countries. Lack of public capital is leading towards greater reliance on private sector participation in power projects in many of the countries. Environmental issues are becoming a more significant constraint than in the past, particularly in the case of large-scale hydropower projects. The financial and environmental constraints are leading to a rising interest in methods of improving the efficiency of electricity supply and end use. The scale of such activities is growing in most of the study countries.

Meyers, S.; Goldman, N.; Martin, N.; Friedmann, R.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Assessing Green Jobs Potential in Developing Countries: A Practitioner's  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Assessing Green Jobs Potential in Developing Countries: A Practitioner's Assessing Green Jobs Potential in Developing Countries: A Practitioner's Guide Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Assessing Green Jobs Potential in Developing Countries: A Practitioner's Guide Agency/Company /Organization: International Labor Office (ILO) Sector: Energy User Interface: Other Complexity/Ease of Use: Simple Website: www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---dgreports/---dcomm/---publ/documen Cost: Free Related Tools Partnership for Economic Policy Modeling and Policy Impact Analysis (MPIA) Applied Dynamic Analysis of the Global Economy (ADAGE) Model Integrated Global System Modeling Framework ... further results Find Another Tool FIND DEVELOPMENT IMPACTS ASSESSMENT TOOLS A guidebook that provides instructions on estimating the actual and

296

Identify types of development and climate impacts that are country  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Identify types of development and climate impacts that are country priorities Jump to: navigation, search Stage 3 LEDS Home Introduction to Framework Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Develop_BAU Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions Begin execution of implementation plans 1.0. Organizing the LEDS Process 1.1. Institutional Structure for LEDS 1.2. Workplan to Develop the LEDS 1.3. Roles and responsibilities to develop LEDS 2.1. Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities 2.2. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and

297

Countries - Analysis & Projections - U.S. Energy Information Administration  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Current & Selected Reports Current & Selected Reports Most Requested Environment Other Energy Petroleum Total Energy Search within Countries Search By: Go Pick a date range: From: To: Go Search All Reports & Publications > WeeklyAvailable formats Today in Energy - Countries Short, timely articles with graphs about recent international energy issues and trends MonthlyAvailable formats Regional Analysis Briefs Regional Analysis Briefs (RABs) provide an overview of specific regions that play an important role in world energy markets, either directly or indirectly. These briefs cover areas that are currently major producers (Caspian Sea), have geopolitical importance (South China Sea), or may have future potential as producers or transit areas (East Africa, Eastern Mediterranean). Country Analysis Briefs

298

Scaling up Renewable Energy in Developing Countries: finance and investment  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Scaling up Renewable Energy in Developing Countries: finance and investment Scaling up Renewable Energy in Developing Countries: finance and investment perspectives Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Scaling up Renewable Energy in Developing Countries: finance and investment perspectives Agency/Company /Organization: Kirsty Hamilton Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency Phase: Create a Vision Topics: - Energy Access, Finance, Low emission development planning Resource Type: Publications User Interface: Website Website: www.chathamhouse.org/sites/default/files/public/Research/Energy,%20Env Cost: Free Language: English This paper, written for those involved in understanding and shaping policy, aims to provide an evidence-base from private sector financiers involved in

299

REDD+ Country Readiness Preparation Proposals | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » REDD+ Country Readiness Preparation Proposals Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: REDD+ Country Readiness Preparation Proposals Agency/Company /Organization: World Resources Institute Focus Area: Forestry Topics: Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Publications, Guide/manual Website: www.wri.org/publication/getting-ready Country: Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana, Guyana, Indonesia, Madagascar, Mexico, Suriname, Panama Middle Africa, Western Africa, South America, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Africa, Central America, South America, Central America

300

Lake Country Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Country Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Country Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Lake Country Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Geothermal Heat Pump: $400 per ton Central AC: $30 - $630 Air Source Heat Pumps: $330 - $630 Ductless Air-source Heat Pump: $300 ECM Furnace Motor: $100 Off-Peak ETS Heating System: $25/KW Cycled AC/Heat Pump: $100 Off-Peak Water Heater: $100 - $200 Heat Pump Water Heater: $200 Refrigerator/Freezer: $75 (with recycling of old appliance) CFL: $1 per bulb LED holiday lights: $3 per strand

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "venezuela 1960-present countries" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Policies for Promoting Industrial Energy Efficiency in Developing Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Policies for Promoting Industrial Energy Efficiency in Developing Countries Policies for Promoting Industrial Energy Efficiency in Developing Countries and Transition Economies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Policies for Promoting Industrial Energy Efficiency in Developing Countries and Transition Economies Focus Area: Industry Topics: Policy Data Website: www.unido.org/fileadmin/media/documents/pdf/Energy_Environment/ind_ene Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/policies-promoting-industrial-energy- Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Regulations" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Industry Codes & Standards Regulations: Energy Standards This paper presents policy options under the structure of an Industrial

302

Pending Issues In Decommissioning Of Nuclear Installations In Developing Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While decommissioning technology and infrastructures are reasonably mature in fully developed countries at the beginning of the third millennium, this is not necessarily the case for some developing countries. It is unfortunate that many of these countries have given little or no attention to early planning and creation of infrastructures for the decommissioning of their nuclear installations, which in many cases are candidates for permanent shutdown in the near future. Critical areas include inter alia (1) poor or no allocation of decommissioning funds, (2) uncertain availability of affordable technologies, (3) unclear definition of roles and responsibilities including lack of regulations, (4) inadequate management and organization techniques, (5) perceived low priority and weak political support, and (6) lack of human and technical resources, particularly in the long term. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is a unique forum to identify and address current and prospecti...

Michele Laraia International

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Countries Commit to White Roofs, Potentially Offsetting the Emissions of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Countries Commit to White Roofs, Potentially Offsetting the Countries Commit to White Roofs, Potentially Offsetting the Emissions of Over 300 Power Plants Countries Commit to White Roofs, Potentially Offsetting the Emissions of Over 300 Power Plants April 8, 2011 - 4:26pm Addthis Dr. Art Rosenfeld Distinguished Scientist Emeritus at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory What does this project do? Builds energy savings. Promotes heat island mitigation and public health benefits. Encourages global cooling. I am delighted to learn that India, Mexico, and the United States have signed up to join the Cool Roofs Working Group, announced yesterday at the second Clean Energy Ministerial in Abu Dhabi. This working group was offered as part of the Clean Energy Ministerial, which is a high-level global forum to promote policies and programs that advance clean energy

304

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Demonstration in Developing Countries:  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Demonstration in Developing Countries: Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Demonstration in Developing Countries: Analysis of Key Policy Issues and Barriers Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Demonstration in Developing Countries: Analysis of Key Policy Issues and Barriers Focus Area: Clean Fossil Energy Topics: Potentials & Scenarios Website: cdn.globalccsinstitute.com/sites/default/files/publications/15536/carb Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/carbon-dioxide-capture-and-storage-de Policies: "Deployment Programs,Financial Incentives" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Technical Assistance This report discusses the value of carbon capture and storage (CCS)

305

Potentials to transfer the US NEPA experience to developing countries  

SciTech Connect

The US National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969 has been important as a learning experience for the United States, but it has also served as a model for the rest of the world. In particular, other counties which benefit form US foreign aid have found NEPA concerns to be of growing importance in the 1980s and multinational bodies such as The World Bank have increasingly suggested US standards and practices as guidelines to countries without well-defined environmental policies of their own. With environmental protection becoming a dominant issue in development assistance, it is timely to assess the relevance of the US experience to developing countries. Other outgrowths of the NEPA process in the United States may be less appropriate to the conditions that exist in many developing countries. Examples might include standards for certain emissions, standards for impact analysis, the size and complexity of impact assessment documents, and mechanisms for public involvement. In these kinds of connections, the US NEPA experience is already becoming an issue in the expanding dialogue about global environmental change, Considered in the light of the experience of other advanced countries, such as West Germany and Great Britain, and in the light of differing circumstances of less-developed countries, such as urgent needs for job creation and shortages of technical capabilities, the US experience has the potential to be transformed from what now appears too often to be a rigid straight-jacket to what can be a rich, robust body of lessons learned. In the process, an enhanced transfer of US professional experience and monitoring and control technologies can contribute to our competitiveness in the world economy and an acceleration of environmental management improvements in developing countries.

Wilbanks, T.J.; Hunsaker, D.B. Jr.; Petrich, C.H.; Wright, S.B.

1989-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

306

Potentials to transfer the US NEPA experience to developing countries  

SciTech Connect

The US National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969 has been important as a learning experience for the United States, but it has also served as a model for the rest of the world. In particular, other counties which benefit form US foreign aid have found NEPA concerns to be of growing importance in the 1980s and multinational bodies such as The World Bank have increasingly suggested US standards and practices as guidelines to countries without well-defined environmental policies of their own. With environmental protection becoming a dominant issue in development assistance, it is timely to assess the relevance of the US experience to developing countries. Other outgrowths of the NEPA process in the United States may be less appropriate to the conditions that exist in many developing countries. Examples might include standards for certain emissions, standards for impact analysis, the size and complexity of impact assessment documents, and mechanisms for public involvement. In these kinds of connections, the US NEPA experience is already becoming an issue in the expanding dialogue about global environmental change, Considered in the light of the experience of other advanced countries, such as West Germany and Great Britain, and in the light of differing circumstances of less-developed countries, such as urgent needs for job creation and shortages of technical capabilities, the US experience has the potential to be transformed from what now appears too often to be a rigid straight-jacket to what can be a rich, robust body of lessons learned. In the process, an enhanced transfer of US professional experience and monitoring and control technologies can contribute to our competitiveness in the world economy and an acceleration of environmental management improvements in developing countries.

Wilbanks, T.J.; Hunsaker, D.B. Jr.; Petrich, C.H.; Wright, S.B.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Program Program Organization Country Region Topic Sector Sector  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Program Organization Country Region Topic Sector Sector Program Organization Country Region Topic Sector Sector Albania Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies EC LEDS Albania Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies EC LEDS United States Agency for International Development USAID United States Environmental Protection Agency United States Department of Energy United States Department of Agriculture United States Department of State Albania Southern Asia Low emission development planning LEDS Energy Land Climate Algeria Clean Technology Fund CTF Algeria Clean Technology Fund CTF African Development Bank Asian Development Bank European Bank for Reconstruction and Development EBRD Inter American Development Bank IDB World Bank Algeria South Eastern Asia Background analysis Finance Implementation

308

CHARTER INDIAN COUNTRY ENERGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE WORK GROUP  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CHARTER CHARTER INDIAN COUNTRY ENERGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE WORK GROUP Official Designation Indian Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group ("Working Group") Purpose The purpose of the Working Group is to provide advice and recommendations to the Director of the Office of Indian Energy Policy & Programs (OIE) and the Secretary of Energy with respect to the strategic planning and implementation of OIE's energy resource, energy business and energy infrastructure development policy and programs. Objectives and Scope of Activities and Duties The Working Group shall: (a) make recommendations to the Director of the Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs

309

INDIAN COUNTRY ENERGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE WORKING GROUP ICEIWG  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

INDIAN COUNTRY ENERGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE WORKING GROUP ICEIWG May 29, 2013 Wild Horse Pass Hotel and Casino Chandler, Arizona MEETING OVERVIEW The U.S. Department of Energy Office (DOE) of Indian Energy (IE) hosted an Indian Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group (ICEIWG) Meeting on Wednesday, May 29, 2013 in Chandler, Arizona. IE welcomed reappointed and new members to ICEIWG. The ICEIWG meeting was held prior to the seventh Tribal Leader Forum on "Leveraging Tribal Renewable Resources to Support Military Energy Goals." Arizona tribal leaders and intertribal organization representatives were encouraged to attend this meeting.

310

Industrial Energy Use and Energy Efficiency in Developing Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The industrial sector accounts for over 50% of energy used in developing countries. Growth in this sector has been over 4.5% per year since 1980. Energy intensity trends for four energy-intensive sub-sectors (iron and steel, chemicals, building materials, and pulp and paper) are reviewed. Scenarios of future industrial sector energy use in developing countries show that this region will dominate world industrial energy use in 2020. Growth is expected to be about 3.0% per year in a business-as-usual case, but can be reduced using state-of-the art or advanced technologies. Polices to encourage adoption of these technologies are briefly discussed.

Price, L.; Martin, N.; Levine, M. D.; Worrell, E.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Electricity Reform in Chile: Lessons for Developing Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

% for the country as a whole, but 58% in the central system)7 but as demand increases fossil fuels have become more important (in this it is comparable to Columbia and the south west of Brazil). However Chile is perhaps unusual among developing countries because... of the strength of protection for private property and the stability engendered by the long period of economically disciplined military rule. 2. Chile’s Electricity Reform In 1974 Chile’s electricity utilities were in a mess.8 Inflation, high fuel prices...

Pollitt, Michael G.

2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

312

Environmental Impact Assesment in the Baltic Countries and Poland -- Screening and Quality Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In The Baltic Countries And Poland - Screening And QualityIn The Baltic Countries And Poland - Screening And QualityLatvia, Lithuania and Poland. All four of these countries

Marriott, A.; Doughty, M.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Table 5.4 Petroleum Imports by Country of Origin, 1960-2011  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table 5.4 Petroleum Imports by Country of Origin, 1960-2011: Year: Persian Gulf 2: Selected OPEC 1 Countries: Selected Non-OPEC 1 Countries: Total Imports

314

DSM Electricity Savings Potential in the Buildings Sector in APP Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Annexes Tables Table 1. Electricity Tariffs per Country andsuch as time-of-use electricity tariffs that create largeshows national average electricity tariffs per APP country.

McNeil, MIchael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Does EIA have energy prices for countries? - FAQ - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Does EIA have energy prices for countries? EIA has some price data for coal, electricity, petroleum products, and natural gas for select countries on ...

316

Table 5.7 Petroleum Net Imports by Country of Origin, 1960-2011  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Notes: - The country of origin for refined petroleum products may not be the country of origin for the crude oil from which the refined products were produced.

317

THE FINANCIAL SECTOR AND RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT IN NON-OECD COUNTRIES: AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This paper examines the role of the financial sector in the development of renewable energy generation in non-OECD countries. A panel dataset of 156 countries… (more)

NADEEM, SYED ALI

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Vietnam-USAID Country Report | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vietnam-USAID Country Report Vietnam-USAID Country Report Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Vietnam-USAID Country Report: From Ideas to Action: Clean Energy Solutions for Asia to Address Climate Change Agency/Company /Organization: U.S. Agency for International Development Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics: Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Publications Website: usaid.eco-asia.org/programs/cdcp/reports/Ideas-to-Action/annexes/Annex Country: Vietnam UN Region: South-Eastern Asia Coordinates: 14.058324°, 108.277199° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":14.058324,"lon":108.277199,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

319

Solar Resources By Class Per Country | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Resources By Class Per Country Resources By Class Per Country Dataset Summary Description These estimates are derived from the best available solar resource datasets available to NREL by country. These vary in spatial resolution from 1 km to 1 degree (approximately 100 km) depending on the data source. High spatial resolution datasets (1 km to 40 km cells) were modeled to support country or regional projects. Where high resolution datasets were not available, data from NASA's Surface Meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) version 6 database were used. The data represents total potential solar energy per year as a function of land area per solar class (KWh/m²/day). Each solar class correlates to a specific 0.5 kWh/m²/day range. Energy is calculated by multiplying the productive land by the class, conversion efficiency and number of days per year. In this case, a standard calendar year of 365 days was used. The conversion efficiency rate applied was 10%. (E = Productive Land * kWh/m²/day * 365 days * 10% efficiency). The solar data has been derived from solar data measured or modeled between 1961 and 2008, depending on the dataset.

320

Contextuality of participation in IS design: a developing country perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Participatory approaches to information systems design have evolved over approximately the last three decades, mainly in Scandinavia, Europe, and lately in the US. However there has been limited and peripheral research and debates over participatory ... Keywords: community IS, developing countries, health information systems, participatory design

S. K. Puri; Elaine Byrne; Jose Leopoldo Nhampossa; Zubeeda B. Quraishi

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "venezuela 1960-present countries" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Advancing Next-Generation Energy in Indian Country (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet provides information on Tribes in the lower 48 states selected to receive assistance from the Strategic Technical Assistance Response Team (START) Program, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs (DOE-IE) initiative to provide technical expertise to support the development of next-generation energy projects in Indian Country.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Advancing Next-Generation Energy in Indian Country (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact provides information on the Strategic Technical Assistance Response Team (START) Program, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs (DOE-IE) initiative to provide technical expertise to support the development of next-generation energy projects in Indian Country.

Not Available

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Advancing Next-Generation Energy in Indian Country (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet provides information on the Alaska Native governments selected to receive assistance from the Strategic Technical Assistance Response Team (START) Program, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs (DOE-IE) initiative to provide technical expertise to support the development of next-generation energy projects in Indian Country.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

UMSL CHINA PROGRAM -Essential In-Country Information Program Coordinator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UMSL CHINA PROGRAM - Essential In-Country Information IN BEIJING Program Coordinator Dr. Rose Xinjuan Zhang, Associate Provost of International Programs Professor of Law, China Youth University of Political Science 25 No. West Third Ring Road Beijing 10008 P.R. China Phone: 86 10 8856 7101 Seasea

Crone, Elizabeth

325

Advancing Energy Development in Indian Country (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet provides information on the Strategic Technical Assistance Response Team (START) Program, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs (DOE-IE) initiative to provide technical expertise to support the development of next-generation energy projects in Indian Country.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Caste Structures and E-Governance in a Developing Country  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Castes, or endogamous kinship relationships, are prevalent in communities across the world and particularly in developing countries. Caste plays a strong role in determining community structures and political power. However, the role of caste as a factor ... Keywords: India, Structuration, caste, development, e-governance, technology

Rahul De'

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Electricity reform in developing and transition countries: A reappraisal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electricity reform in developing and transition countries: A reappraisal J.H. Williams, R. Ghanadan-oriented reforms in their electric power sectors. Despite the widespread adoption of a standard policy model features of non-OECD electricity reform and reappraises reform policies and underlying assumptions

Kammen, Daniel M.

328

INDIAN COUNTRY ENERGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE WORKING GROUP ICEIWG  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

INDIAN COUNTRY ENERGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE WORKING GROUP ICEIWG March 14, 2013 Mandalay Bay Resort and Casino Las Vegas, Nevada MEETING OVERVIEW The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Indian Energy (IE) hosted an Indian Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group (ICEIWG) Meeting on Thursday, March 14, 2013 in Las Vegas, Nevada. IE solicited nominations for new members to ICEIWG-current, new and potential new members, as well as other tribal leaders and intertribal organization representatives were encouraged to attend. PARTICIPANTS ICEIWG Members Barney Enos, District 4 Councilman, Gila River Indian Community Jim Manion, General Manager of Warm Springs Power, Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation William Micklin, CEO, Ewiiaapaayp Band of Kumeyaay Indians

329

INDIAN COUNTRY ENERGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE WORKING GROUP ICEIWG  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

INDIAN COUNTRY ENERGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE WORKING GROUP INDIAN COUNTRY ENERGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE WORKING GROUP ICEIWG June 21, 2012 GOLDEN, COLORADO National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 AGENDA MEETING ROOM - NREL ROOM 344C THURSDAY, JUNE 21, 2012 9:00am MEET IN HOTEL LOBBY Denver Marriott West Hotel 1717 Denver West Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401 The hotel will provide a shuttle to take the group to NREL. Please be in the hotel lobby by 9:00am. Continental breakfast will be served onsite. 9:30am - 12:00pm WELCOME, INTRODUCTIONS & REVIEW OF AGENDA Tracey LeBeau, Director, U.S. DOE Office of Indian Energy INTRODUCTION OF ICEIWG MEMBERS New and current working group members will have the opportunity to introduce themselves and to share their tribe's expertise and interests in Indian

330

Distributed Generation Study/VIP Country Club | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

VIP Country Club VIP Country Club < Distributed Generation Study Jump to: navigation, search Study Location New Rochelle, New York Site Description Commercial-Other Study Type Long-term Monitoring Technology Microturbine Prime Mover Capstone C60 Heat Recovery Systems Built-in Fuel Natural Gas System Installer Advanced Power Systems System Enclosure Indoor System Application Combined Heat and Power Number of Prime Movers 3 Stand-alone Capability Seamless Power Rating 180 kW0.18 MW 180,000 W 180,000,000 mW 1.8e-4 GW 1.8e-7 TW Nominal Voltage (V) 480 Heat Recovery Rating (BTU/hr) 750000 Cooling Capacity (Refrig/Tons) Origin of Controller Manufacturer-Integrated Component Integration Factory Integrated Start Date 2006/01/24 Monitoring Termination Date 1969/12/31 Primary Power Application Based Load

331

Town 'n' Country, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Town 'n' Country, Florida: Energy Resources Town 'n' Country, Florida: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 28.0105745°, -82.5773193° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":28.0105745,"lon":-82.5773193,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

332

Energy Use and Carbon Emissions: Non-OECD Countries  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Non-OECD Non-OECD Countries December 1994 Energy Information Administration Office of Energy Markets and End Use U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. Contacts Energy Use and Carbon Emissions: Non-OECD Countries was prepared by the Energy Information Administration (EIA), Office of Energy Markets and End Use (EMEU). General questions concerning the content of the report may be referred to W. Calvin Kilgore (202-586-1617), Director of EMEU; Mark Rodekohr (202-586-1130), Director of Energy Markets and Contingency Information Division; or Derriel Cato (202-586-6574),

333

Country Club, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Country Club, Florida: Energy Resources Country Club, Florida: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 25.9481487°, -80.3169953° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":25.9481487,"lon":-80.3169953,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

334

Chattahoochee Hill Country, Georgia: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Country, Georgia: Energy Resources Country, Georgia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 31.721548°, -83.2599068° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":31.721548,"lon":-83.2599068,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

335

Electricity Reform in Chile. Lessons for Developing Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chile was the first country in the world to implement a comprehensive reform of its electricity sector in the recent period. Among developing countries only Argentina has had a comparably comprehensive and successful reform. This paper traces the history of the Chilean reform, which began in 1982, and assesses its progress and its lessons. We conclude that the reform has been very successful. We suggest lessons for the generation, transmission and distribution sectors, as well as the economic regulation of electricity and the general institutional environment favourable to reform. We note that while the initial market structure and regulatory arrangements did give rise to certain problems, the overall experience argues strongly for the private ownership and operation of the electricity industry.

Michael Pollitt

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

PROCEEDINGS Open Access Occupational cancer in developed countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Studies of occupational exposures have made major contributions to our understanding of human carcinogenesis. About one third of the factors identified as definite or probable human carcinogens were first investigated in the workplace and these exposures exact a considerable toll on working populations. There are many additional workplace exposures that are suspect carcinogens that require further evaluation to ensure a safe work environment. Information from occupational investigations is also relevant to the general population because many occupational exposures can be found outside the workplace. Much of our understanding about occupational cancer has been obtained from studies largely composed of white men in developed countries. The movement of industry from developed to developing countries underscores the need for future investigations to include more diverse populations. What do we know? Studies of exposures in the workplace have made major contributions to our understanding of human carcinogenesis. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Monographs on the Evaluation of

Aaron Blair; Loraine Marrett; Laura Beane Freeman

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Energy use and carbon emissions: Non-OECD countries  

SciTech Connect

This report surveys world energy use and carbon emissions patterns, with particular emphasis on the non-OECD countries. The non OECD is important not only because it currently makes up 84% of world population, but because its energy consumption, carbon emissions, population, and grow domestic product have all been growing faster than OECD`s. This presentation has seven major sections: (1) overview of key trends in non-OECD energy use and carbon emissions since 1970; (2) Comparison and contrasting energy use and carbon emissions for five major non OEDC regions (former Soviet Union and eastern Europe, Pacific Rim including China, Latin America, other Asia; Africa; 3-7) presentation of aggregate and sectoral energy use and carbon emissions data for countries within each of the 5 regions.

Not Available

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Opportunities for renewable energy sources in Central Asia countries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report presents an overview of the state of conventional energy sources and the potential for development of renewable energy sources in the Central Asia countries of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, and Tajikistan. The region has a population of about 50 million in an area of more than four million square kilometers. The per capita gross internal product is more than $2,500, although the economy has been declining the past five years. The area has substantial coal, oil, uranium, and natural gas reserves, although they are not distributed equally among the five countries. Energy production is such that the countries do not have to rely heavily on imports. One of the problems in Central Asia is that the energy prices are substantially below the world prices. This is a factor in development of renewable energy sources. The primary renewable energy resources available are wind in Kazakhstan, solar in the entire region, biomass in Kyrgyzstan, and micro-hydropower stations in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. All of these have the potential to provide a significant amount of the required energy for the region. However, all of the countries have an abundance of various renewable energy resources. To effectively use these resources, however, a number of barriers to their development and commercialization must be overcome. These include low prices of conventional energy sources, absence of legislative support, lack of financing for new technologies, and lack of awareness of renewable energy sources by the population. A number of specific actions are proposed to overcome these barriers. These include establishment of a Central Asia coordinating council for renewable energy, development of a regional renewable energy program, and setting up a number of large demonstration projects. 16 figs.

Obozov, A.J. [Project KUN (Kyrgyzstan); Loscutoff, W.V. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

New Zealand: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The New Zealand energy sector has undergone significant changes in the past few years. Reform and deregulation came to New Zealand in large doses and at a rapid pace. Unlike Japan where deregulation was designed for a five-year phase-in period or even Australia where the government was fully geared up to handle deregulation, deregulation occurred in New Zealand almost with no phase-in period and very little planning. Under fast-paced Rogernomics,'' the energy sector was but one more element of the economy to be deregulated and/or privatized. While the New Zealand energy sector deregulation is generally believed to have been successful, there are still outstanding questions as to whether the original intent has been fully achieved. The fact that a competent energy bureaucracy was mostly lost in the process makes it even more difficult to find those with long enough institutional memories to untangle the agreements and understandings between the government and the private sector over the previous decade. As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Resources Programs at the East-West Center has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for International Affairs and Energy Emergencies, have covered Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various counties. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics.

Yamaguchi, N.D.; Keevill, H.D.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

No Country for Old Men: Aging Dictators and Economic Growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Mountain: The Nature of Political Leadership. University Press of Kentucky, Lexington, KY. Maddison, A. (2003). The world economy: historical statistics. Paris, France. Development Centre of the OECD. Marshall, M. G. and Jaggers, K. (2011). Polity... 2010 1 No Country for Old Men: Aging Dictators and Economic Growth Richard Jong-A-Pina & Jochen O. Mieraua,b a. University of Groningen, The Netherlands b. NETSPAR, The Netherlands Draft: 14 September, 2011 Abstract...

Jong-A-Pin, Richard; Mierau, Jochen O.

2011-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "venezuela 1960-present countries" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Analysis of Country-wide Internet Outages Caused by Censorship  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the first months of 2011, Internet communications were disrupted in several North African countries in response to civilian protests and threats of civil war. In this paper we analyze episodes of these disruptions in two countries: Egypt and Libya. Our analysis relies on multiple sources of large-scale data already available to academic researchers: BGP interdomain routing control plane data; unsolicited data plane traffic to unassigned address space; active macroscopic traceroute measurements; RIR delegation files; and MaxMind’s geolocation database. We used the latter two data sets to determine which IP address ranges were allocated to entities within each country, and then mapped these IP addresses of interest to BGP-announced address ranges (prefixes) and origin ASes using publicly available BGP data repositories in the U.S. and Europe. We then analyzed observable activity related to these sets of prefixes and ASes throughout the censorship episodes. Using both control plane and data plane data sets in combination allowed us to narrow down which forms of Internet access disruption were implemented in a given region over time. Among other insights, we detected what we believe were Libya’s attempts to test firewallbased blocking before they executed more aggressive BGP-based disconnection. Our methodology could be used, and automated, to detect outages or similar macroscopically disruptive events in other geographic or topological regions.

Alberto Dainotti; Kimberly C. Claffy; Michele Russo; Claudio Squarcella; Marco Chiesa; Antonio Pescapé; Emile Aben

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Energy Efficient Residential Building Code for Arab Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents an energy analysis to support the Egyptian efforts to develop a New Energy Code for New Residential Buildings in the Arab Countries. Also, the paper represents a brief summary of the code contents specially, the effectiveness of building envelope and weather data in reducing electrical energy consumption. The impacts of the following parameters were studied namely; walls and roof constructions, window size and glazing type for different geographical locations in the Arab Countries. Two different distinguish weather classification were developed and analyzed and presented in this study, the DDC18.3& DDH 25. The first was developed by the Author to calculate DD using a mathematical model on electronic spread sheet. The second depends on the hourly values for each geographical location. The analysis includes the capitals and major cities representing most of the Arab countries. It was determined that the window to wall ratio (WWR) of 15% minimizes the total annual electricity use for the buildings. The Solar Factors (SF) and Window Orientation Factors (OF) were calculated for the eight wall orientations. The Over All Transfer Value (OTTV) was calculated for each orientation for different variables, e.g. WWR, Glazing Type, Shading, wall color and mid and top floor. The results show that the mass and types of building materials; WWR (15%), glass type and shutters; orientation; wall insulation (25mm), wall solar absorptivity (a=.3); roof insulation and shading effect enhance the thermal performance and reduces the cooling load by 60%.

Hanna, G. B.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Explaining cross-country variation in cigarette consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. This short paper uses cross-country data on per capita cigarette consumption and selected socioeconomic variables to explain inter-country differentials in consumption. It is found that the proportion of the aged in the total population and higher literacy among women have relatively greater and positive impact on cigarette consumption. Even after controlling for the effect of the two variables, a country's industrialized status has a positive impact on consumption. It would thus seem that aging and economic, and social developments are pro-cigarette consumption. Background The US Surgeon General's initial report on smoking was nearly 40 years old. All these years, health warnings on cigarette packs have been in place. Despite the "warnings" and concerted efforts to dissuade potential smokers, cigarettes are here to stay. Global cigarette production and consumption have been rising steadily since cigarettes were introduced at the beginning of the 20 th century (see Table 1 for evidence on growth during 1960–2000). It is estimated that at present about 1.1 billion people – close to a fifth of the global population – are smokers and the number is expected to rise to more than 1.6 billion by

Kolluru Srinivas; Bhanoji Rao; Open Access

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Analysis of industrial pollution prevention programs in selected Asian countries  

SciTech Connect

Industrialization in developing countries is causing increasing environmental damage. Pollution prevention (P2) is an emerging environmental concept that could help developing countries achieve leapfrog goals, bypassing old and pollutive technologies and minimizing traditional control practices. The current P2 promotion activities in Hong Kong, the Republic of Korea, the Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, and Thailand are discussed. These programs, generally initiated in the last 5 years, are classified into five categories: awareness promotion, education and training, information transfer, technical assistance, and financial incentives. All important at the early stages of P2 promotion, these programs should inform industries of the benefits of P2 and help them identify applicable P2 measures. Participation in these programs is voluntary. The limited data indicate that adoption of P2 measures in these countries is not yet widespread. Recommendations for expanding P2 promotion activities include (1) strengthening the design and enforcement of environmental regulations; (2) providing P2 training and education to government workers, nongovernmental organizations and labor unions officials, university faculties, and news media; (3) tracking the progress of P2 programs; (4) implementing selected P2 mandatory measures; (5) identifying cleaner production technologies for use in new facilities; (6) implementing special programs for small and medium enterprises; and (7) expanding P2 promotion to other sectors, such as agriculture and transportation, and encouraging green design and green consumerism.

Chiu, S.Y. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Environmental Assessment Div.]|[East-West Center, Honolulu, HI (United States)

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Electric motor systems in developing countries: Opportunities for efficiency improvement  

SciTech Connect

This report presents an overview of the current status and efficiency improvement potential of industrial motor systems in developing countries. Better management of electric motor systems is of particular relevance in developing countries, where improved efficiency can lead to increased productivity and slower growth in electricity demand. Motor systems currently consume some 65--80% of the industrial electricity in developing countries. Drawing on studies from Thailand, India, Brazil, China, Pakistan, and Costa Rica, we describe potential efficiency gains in various parts of the motor system, from the electricity delivery system through the motor to the point where useful work is performed. We report evidence of a significant electricity conservation potential. Most of the efficiency improvement methods we examine are very cost-effective from a societal viewpoint, but are generally not implemented due to various barriers that deter their adoption. Drawing on experiences in North America, we discuss a range of policies to overcome these barriers, including education, training, minimum efficiency standards, motor efficiency testing protocols, technical assistance programs, and financial incentives.

Meyers, S.; Monahan, P.; Lewis, P.; Greenberg, S. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Nadel, S. [American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, Washington, DC (United States)

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Green Economy: Developing Country Success Stories | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Green Economy: Developing Country Success Stories Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Green Economy: Developing Country Success Stories Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme Sector: Energy, Land Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Solar, Buildings, Forestry, Agriculture Topics: Background analysis Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.unep.org/pdf/GreenEconomy_SuccessStories.pdf Country: China, Tunisia, Kenya, Uganda, Brazil, India, Nepal, Ecuador UN Region: Central Asia, Eastern Asia, "Latin America and Caribbean" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property., "Western Asia & North Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property., "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

347

Solid waste management challenges for cities in developing countries  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Stakeholders. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Factors affecting performance waste management systems. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Questionnaire as Annex for waste management baseline assessment. - Abstract: Solid waste management is a challenge for the cities' authorities in developing countries mainly due to the increasing generation of waste, the burden posed on the municipal budget as a result of the high costs associated to its management, the lack of understanding over a diversity of factors that affect the different stages of waste management and linkages necessary to enable the entire handling system functioning. An analysis of literature on the work done and reported mainly in publications from 2005 to 2011, related to waste management in developing countries, showed that few articles give quantitative information. The analysis was conducted in two of the major scientific journals, Waste Management Journal and Waste Management and Research. The objective of this research was to determine the stakeholders' action/behavior that have a role in the waste management process and to analyze influential factors on the system, in more than thirty urban areas in 22 developing countries in 4 continents. A combination of methods was used in this study in order to assess the stakeholders and the factors influencing the performance of waste management in the cities. Data was collected from scientific literature, existing data bases, observations made during visits to urban areas, structured interviews with relevant professionals, exercises provided to participants in workshops and a questionnaire applied to stakeholders. Descriptive and inferential statistic methods were used to draw conclusions. The outcomes of the research are a comprehensive list of stakeholders that are relevant in the waste management systems and a set of factors that reveal the most important causes for the systems' failure. The information provided is very useful when planning, changing or implementing waste management systems in cities.

Abarca Guerrero, Lilliana, E-mail: l.abarca.guerrero@tue.nl [Built Environment Department, Eindhoven University of Technology, Den Dolech, 25612 AZ Eindhoven (Netherlands); Maas, Ger, E-mail: g.j.maas@tue.nl [Built Environment Department, Eindhoven University of Technology, Den Dolech, 25612 AZ Eindhoven (Netherlands); Hogland, William, E-mail: william.hogland@lnu.se [School of Natural Sciences, Linnaeus University, SE-391 82 Kalmar (Sweden)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

348

New Zealand Asia-Pacific energy series country report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report on New Zealand is one of a series of country studies intended to provide a continuous, long-term source of energy sector analysis for the Asia-Pacific region. This report addresses significant changes occurring due to the reform, deregulation, and privatization of the economy in general and the energy sector in particular; provides the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation; petroleum and gas issues are highlighted, particularly the implications of foreign trade in oil and gas; provides the latest available statistics and insights to energy policy that are not generally available elsewhere.

Yamaguchi, N.D.; Keevill, H.D.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Corruption and energy efficiency in OECD countries: Theory and evidence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the effect of corruption and industry sector size on energy policy outcomes. The main predictions of our theory are that: (i) greater corruptibility of policy makers reduces energy policy stringency; (ii) greater lobby group coordination costs (increased industry sector size) results in more stringent energy policy; and (iii) workers ’ and capital owners ’ lobbying efforts on energy policy are negatively related. These predictions are tested using a unique panel data set on the energy intensity of 11 sectors in 14 OECD countries for years 1982-1996. The evidence generally supports the predictions.

Per G. Fredriksson; Herman R. J. Vollebergh; Elbert Dijkgraaf

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in China  

SciTech Connect

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in China, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope and HVAC) for commercial and residential buildings in China.

Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd; Lin, H.; Jiang, Wei; Liu, Bing; Song, Bo; Somasundaram, Sriram

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

351

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in India  

SciTech Connect

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America. This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in India, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes in India, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, lighting, and water heating) for commercial buildings in India.

Evans, Meredydd; Shui, Bin; Somasundaram, Sriram

2009-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

352

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Korea  

SciTech Connect

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Korea, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, and lighting) for commercial buildings in Korea.

Evans, Meredydd; McJeon, Haewon C.; Shui, Bin; Lee, Seung Eon

2009-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

353

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Australia  

SciTech Connect

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Australia, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, and lighting) for commercial and residential buildings in Australia.

Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd; Somasundaram, Sriram

2009-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

354

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Japan  

SciTech Connect

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Japan, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, and lighting) for commercial and residential buildings in Japan.

Evans, Meredydd; Shui, Bin; Takagi, T.

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

355

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Canada  

SciTech Connect

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America . This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Canada, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, lighting, and water heating) for commercial and residential buildings in Canada.

Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd

2009-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

356

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in the United States  

SciTech Connect

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in U.S., including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, lighting, and water heating) for commercial and residential buildings in the U.S.

Halverson, Mark A.; Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

357

Future of photovoltaic energy conversion in developing countries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Recent studies reveal that photovoltaic energy conversion will be economically viable for usage in developing countries. An overview of programs designed to lower the costs of such conversion systems is presented. Government goals are reviewed, as well as application projects relative to rural usage. A summary of the state-of-the-art in both advanced research and commercially available technology is presented. It is concluded that with the range of the work being done, such systems will be viable for many rural applications within 5 years.

Hogan, S.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Sustainable recycling of municipal solid waste in developing countries  

SciTech Connect

This research focuses on recycling in developing countries as one form of sustainable municipal solid waste management (MSWM). Twenty-three case studies provided municipal solid waste (MSW) generation and recovery rates and composition for compilation and assessment. The average MSW generation rate was 0.77 kg/person/day, with recovery rates from 5-40%. The waste streams of 19 of these case studies consisted of 0-70% recyclables and 17-80% organics. Qualitative analysis of all 23 case studies identified barriers or incentives to recycling, which resulted in the development of factors influencing recycling of MSW in developing countries. The factors are government policy, government finances, waste characterization, waste collection and segregation, household education, household economics, MSWM (municipal solid waste management) administration, MSWM personnel education, MSWM plan, local recycled-material market, technological and human resources, and land availability. Necessary and beneficial relationships drawn among these factors revealed the collaborative nature of sustainable MSWM. The functionality of the factor relationships greatly influenced the success of sustainable MSWM. A correlation existed between stakeholder involvement and the three dimensions of sustainability: environment, society, and economy. The only factors driven by all three dimensions (waste collection and segregation, MSWM plan, and local recycled-material market) were those requiring the greatest collaboration with other factors.

Troschinetz, Alexis M. [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Sustainable Futures Institute, Michigan Technological University, 1400 Townsend Dr., Houghton, MI 49931 (United States)], E-mail: alexis_troschinetz@yahoo.com; Mihelcic, James R. [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Sustainable Futures Institute, Michigan Technological University, 1400 Townsend Dr., Houghton, MI 49931 (United States)

2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

359

Low-Carbon Growth Country Studies: Getting Started Experience from Six  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low-Carbon Growth Country Studies: Getting Started Experience from Six Low-Carbon Growth Country Studies: Getting Started Experience from Six Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Low-Carbon Growth Country Studies: Getting Started Experience from Six Countries Agency/Company /Organization: Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Low emission development planning Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com//w/images/d/d1/LCCG Country: China, Indonesia, Poland, Mexico, South Africa, India Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Europe, Central America, Southern Africa, Southern Asia References: Low-Carbon Growth Country Studies: Getting Started Experience from Six Countries[1]

360

The impact and potential role of multinational corporations in achieving sustainability in Latin American countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis aims to assess the activities and influence of automotive multinational corporations (MNCs) in developing countries as it relates to the concept of "total sustainability" within three countries: Argentina, ...

Atencio, Charles V. (Charles Victor)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "venezuela 1960-present countries" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

The contribution of mobile telecommunication technology to sustainable development in selected countries in Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While most of the world's population resides in countries that are wealthy or developing, the rest reside in low-income and least developed countries (LDCs), left behind and growing more disconnected. At the same time, ...

Shih, Alexander (Alexander En-Tzu)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Microsoft Word - Ghana_10km_solar_country_report.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Assessment (SWERA) Assessment (SWERA) High Resolution Solar Radiation Assessment for Ghana Final country report prepared by Christoph Schillings 1 Richard Meyer 2 Franz Trieb 1 1 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Stuttgart, Institut für Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany 2 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Oberpfaffenhofen, Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, D-82234 Weßling, Germany submitted to UNEP / GEF October 2004 Content 1. Method description (satellite data, GHI-method, DNI-method) 2. Model output (GHI, DNI) 3. Comparison with ground measurements (if available) 4. References Notice This report was prepared as an account of work within the SWERA project funded by GEF / UNEP.

363

Microsoft Word - Ethiopia_10km_solar_country_report.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethiopia Ethiopia Final country report prepared by Christoph Schillings 1 Richard Meyer 2 Franz Trieb 1 1 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Stuttgart, Institut für Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany 2 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Oberpfaffenhofen, Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, D-82234 Weßling, Germany submitted to UNEP / GEF October 2004 Content 1. Method description (satellite data, GHI-method, DNI-method) 2. Model output (GHI, DNI) 3. Comparison with ground measurements (if available) 4. References Notice This report was prepared as an account of work within the SWERA project funded by GEF / UNEP. The results presented here were produced by state-of-the-art methods with best-known data. The

364

Microsoft Word - Nepal_10km_solar_country_report.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal Nepal Final country report prepared by Christoph Schillings 1 Richard Meyer 2 Franz Trieb 1 1 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Stuttgart, Institut für Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany 2 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Oberpfaffenhofen, Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, D-82234 Weßling, Germany submitted to UNEP / GEF October 2004 Content 1. Method description (satellite data, GHI-method, DNI-method) 2. Model output (GHI, DNI) 3. Comparison with ground measurements (if available) 4. References Notice This report was prepared as an account of work within the SWERA project funded by GEF / UNEP. The results presented here were produced by state-of-the-art methods with best-known data. The

365

Microsoft Word - Kenya_10km_solar_country_report.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya Kenya Final country report prepared by Christoph Schillings 1 Richard Meyer 2 Franz Trieb 1 1 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Stuttgart, Institut für Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany 2 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Oberpfaffenhofen, Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, D-82234 Weßling, Germany submitted to UNEP / GEF October 2004 Content 1. Method description (satellite data, GHI-method, DNI-method) 2. Model output (GHI, DNI) 3. Comparison with ground measurements (if available) 4. References Notice This report was prepared as an account of work within the SWERA project funded by GEF / UNEP. The results presented here were produced by state-of-the-art methods with best-known data. The

366

Countries - Data - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

HTTP/1.1 200 OK Connection: close Date: Sun, 29 Dec 2013 17:02:25 GMT HTTP/1.1 200 OK Connection: close Date: Sun, 29 Dec 2013 17:02:25 GMT Server: Microsoft-IIS/6.0 X-UA-Compatible: IE=EmulateIE8 X-Powered-By: ASP.NET Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8 Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) U.S. Energy Information Administration - EIA - Independent Statistics and Analysis Sources & Uses Petroleum & Other Liquids Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Natural Gas Exploration and reserves, storage, imports and exports, production, prices, sales. Electricity Sales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, demand & emissions. Consumption & Efficiency Energy use in homes, commercial buildings, manufacturing, and

367

Factors influencing e-government maturity in transition economies and developing countries: a longitudinal perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the influences of relevant environmental factors on E-government (E-gov) maturity in transition economies and developing countries (TEDC). Countries from Eastern Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin American and South Asia were selected ... Keywords: developing countries, e-government growth, neoclassical economic theories, transition economies

Princely Ifinedo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

The social relations of e-government diffusion in developing countries: the case of Rwanda  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rwanda has undergone a rapid turnaround from one of the most technologically deficient countries only a decade ago to a country where legislative business is conducted online and wireless access to the Internet is available anywhere in the country. This ... Keywords: Rwanda, e-government diffusion, norms, social theory, sub-Saharan Africa

Wagaki Mwangi

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Exploring technology evolution and transition characteristics of leading countries: A case of fuel cell field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the course of the technology evolution, the status of leading countries changes with the times. Leading countries may persist, appear, or disappear, i.e. the change of which is named ''transitions'' which may be effected by some characteristics. An ... Keywords: Fuel cell technology, Leading countries, Patent analysis, Technology evolution, Transition patterns

Ssu-Han Chen, Mu-Hsuan Huang, Dar-Zen Chen

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Poland-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Poland-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Poland-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Poland-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Industry, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.esmap.org/esmap/ Country Poland UN Region Northern Europe References ESMAP-Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program[1] References ↑ "ESMAP-Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Poland-Low_Carbon_Growth_Country_Studies_Program&oldid=700210"

371

DOE Office of Indian Energy Announces New Indian Country Energy and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Announces New Indian Country Energy and Announces New Indian Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group Members DOE Office of Indian Energy Announces New Indian Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group Members April 24, 2013 - 6:11pm Addthis Through the Indian Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group (ICEIWG), the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy works to collaborate with and seek out real-time tribal expertise and experiences representing obstacles and opportunities in energy and related infrastructure development as well as capacity building in Indian Country. The ICEIWG represents the Department's commitment to work collaboratively with Indian Country, and the goal of this active, ongoing dialogue is to reflect the priorities and needs of Indian Country to the Energy Secretary

372

How Much Wood Would a North Country School Chip | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

How Much Wood Would a North Country School Chip How Much Wood Would a North Country School Chip How Much Wood Would a North Country School Chip November 3, 2011 - 11:19am Addthis This is the North Country School's 32,000-square-foot main building. Aligning with the school's commitment to a simple, sustainable lifestyle, the school is heated with a wood chip boiler that uses wood sourced from their sustainably managed woodlot and local forests. | Courtesy of North Country School This is the North Country School's 32,000-square-foot main building. Aligning with the school's commitment to a simple, sustainable lifestyle, the school is heated with a wood chip boiler that uses wood sourced from their sustainably managed woodlot and local forests. | Courtesy of North Country School Alice Dasek Project Officer, Department of Energy State Energy Program

373

How Much Wood Would a North Country School Chip | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

How Much Wood Would a North Country School Chip How Much Wood Would a North Country School Chip How Much Wood Would a North Country School Chip November 3, 2011 - 11:19am Addthis This is the North Country School's 32,000-square-foot main building. Aligning with the school's commitment to a simple, sustainable lifestyle, the school is heated with a wood chip boiler that uses wood sourced from their sustainably managed woodlot and local forests. | Courtesy of North Country School This is the North Country School's 32,000-square-foot main building. Aligning with the school's commitment to a simple, sustainable lifestyle, the school is heated with a wood chip boiler that uses wood sourced from their sustainably managed woodlot and local forests. | Courtesy of North Country School Alice Dasek Project Officer, Department of Energy State Energy Program

374

Republic of Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Republic of Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Republic of Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Republic of Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Industry, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.esmap.org/esmap/ Country Republic of Macedonia UN Region Northern Europe References ESMAP-Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program[1] References ↑ "ESMAP-Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Republic_of_Macedonia-Low_Carbon_Growth_Country_Studies_Program&oldid=700212

375

U.S. LNG Imports from Other Countries  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Galvan Ranch, TX LNG Imports from Algeria LNG Imports from Australia LNG Imports from Brunei LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea LNG Imports from Indonesia LNG Imports from Malaysia LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Qatar Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Period: Monthly Annual

376

Integrated framework for analysis: electric sector expansion in developing countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this dissertation is the development of an analytical framework for the assessment of electric sector expansion strategies in developing countries, in the context of overall development planning, and with particular emphasis on macroeconomic and social implications. The framework will ensure that each electric capacity expansion alternative is linked quantitatively and consistently with a given economic development plan. The analytical model employs an integrated set of technological and economic models to explore the national energy and economy response to electric sector expansion planning for the Korean case. In this study, two integrated models were developed. The integrated model 1 is composed of a macroeconomic model, an energy input-output model, and an energy network flow model. This model accounts for the relationships of energy demand with overall economic development, and interfuel substitution, for the relationships between the investment capital required to meet astated levels of electric demand and overall investment planning and foreign exchange requirements, and economic impacts of the energy sector on gross national product (GNP) and balance of payments (BOP). The integrated model 2 is composed of an energy input-output model, and energy network flow model, and a GNP identify constraint,and calculates the macroeconomic-balanced level of comsumption, electric sector investments, industrial sector investments, and energy imports given policy-determined GNP and other GNP components. The two models were applied ot the Korean case by using a trial scenario and assumed input data. Computational results demonstrate and prove the workability of the models.

Lee, M.K.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Considerations in implementing integrated biomass energy systems in developing countries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this paper, we discuss the issues and barriers associated with implementing integrated biomass energy systems in developing countries. An integrated biomass energy system in dependent on sustainably grown and managed energy crops, is supportive of rural development, is environmentally beneficial (locally and globally), is adapted to local conditions, takes advantage of by- and co-products, and uses conversion technologies that have been optimized for biomass. A preliminary evaluation of a biomass to electricity project relying on plantation grown feedstocks in rural Yunnan Province in Southwest China provided some financial/economic results, general conclusions, and an initial framework for conducting such assessments. Our assessment indicates that social and environmental benefits are substantial and that investment in the facility is well-justified. However, there are so many considerations to take into account when assessing biomass energy systems that their evaluation is exceedingly complex. These considerations are grouped into biomass production, biomass logistics and transport, and biomass conversion. Implementing such systems requires another grouping of considerations into energy and economics, institutional and social issues, and environmental issues. These are further defined in an effort to establish a framework of evaluation and assessment for other such projects. The conclusions that such a project would be viable in rural China is shadowed by many site-specific circumstances and highlights the need for systematic and integrated appraisal.

Perlack, R.D.; Ranney, J.W.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Physical protection cooperation with Former Soviet Union countries  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents an overview of physical protection cooperation activities between Sandia (SNL) and the Former Soviet Union (FSU) regarding Material Protection Control and Accounting (MPC&A) responsibilities. Begun four years ago as part of the Safe, Secure Dismantlement Program, this project is intended to stem proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. Purpose of the program is to accelerate progress toward a goal shared by both Russia and the United States: to reduce the risk of nuclear weapons proliferation, including such threats as theft, diversion, and unauthorized possession of nuclear materials. This will be accomplished by strengthening the MPC&A systems in both, countries. This new program (US Department of Energy Laboratory-to-Laboratory MPC&A program) is designed to complement Government-to-Government programs sponsored by US Senators Nunn and Lugar. US and Russian representatives exchange visits and discuss physical protection philosophies. Russian representatives have received formal training in the US process of system design and analysis to include the design of an effective physical protection system, determination of physical protection system objectives, initial design of a physical protection system, evaluation of the design, and often redesign or refinement of the existing system. Some Russian organizations have philosophies similar to those of the United States, but when they differ, the US and Russian representatives must negotiate. Other Russian organizations, because of heavy reliance on guard forces, have not developed a systematic design process. Cooperative work between US national laboratories and Russian counterparts has resulted in major physical protection enhancements at a Russian demonstration site and other advancements for Laboratory-to-Laboratory projects.

Williams, J.D.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Supporting technology for enhanced recovery, Annex V: evaluate application of recently developed techniques in the areas of drilling, coring, and telemetry. Venezuela-MEM/USA-DOE fossil-energy report V-1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Agreement between the United States and Venezuela was designed to further energy research and development in six areas. This report focuses on Annex V - Drilling, Coring, and Telemetry as supporting technology for enhanced oil recovery projects in the United States and Venezuela. Annex V consists of 18 tasks to perform these three projects. This report completes the work for Annex V. Energy research and development in the area of Enhanced Oil Recovery has as its goal the more efficient and complete production of the third crop of oil. Methods and techniques must be developed to assist in the implementation of EOR projects. Technology development that reduces costs and provides better reservoir information often has a direct impact on the economic viability of EOR projects and Annex V addresses these areas. Each of the three areas covered by Annex V are separate entities and are presented in this report as different sections. Each has its own Abstract. The drilling and coring tests were highly successful but only a limited amount of work was necessary in the Telemetry area because a field test was not feasible.

Williams, C.R.; Lichaa, P.; Van Domselaar, H.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Nepal-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries Nepal-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Nepal-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climatefundsupdate. Program Start 2009 Country Nepal UN Region Southern Asia References Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)[1] Ethiopia Specific Documents[2] Honduras Specific Documents[3] Kenya Specific Documents[4] Maldives Specific Documents[5] Mali Specific Documents[6] Nepal Specific Documents[7] Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income Countries (SREP) is

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "venezuela 1960-present countries" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Honduras-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Honduras-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries Honduras-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Honduras-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climatefundsupdate. Program Start 2009 Country Honduras UN Region Southern Asia References Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)[1] Ethiopia Specific Documents[2] Honduras Specific Documents[3] Kenya Specific Documents[4] Maldives Specific Documents[5] Mali Specific Documents[6] Nepal Specific Documents[7] Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income Countries (SREP) is

382

Mali-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mali-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Mali-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Mali-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climatefundsupdate. Program Start 2009 Country Mali UN Region Southern Asia References Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)[1] Ethiopia Specific Documents[2] Honduras Specific Documents[3] Kenya Specific Documents[4] Maldives Specific Documents[5] Mali Specific Documents[6] Nepal Specific Documents[7] Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income Countries (SREP) is

383

Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climatefundsupdate. Program Start 2009 Country Kenya UN Region Southern Asia References Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)[1] Ethiopia Specific Documents[2] Honduras Specific Documents[3] Kenya Specific Documents[4] Maldives Specific Documents[5] Mali Specific Documents[6] Nepal Specific Documents[7] Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income Countries (SREP) is

384

Fuel Tax Incidence in Developing Countries: The Case of Costa Rica | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tax Incidence in Developing Countries: The Case of Costa Rica Tax Incidence in Developing Countries: The Case of Costa Rica Jump to: navigation, search Name Fuel Tax Incidence in Developing Countries: The Case of Costa Rica Agency/Company /Organization Resources for the Future Sector Energy Focus Area Conventional Energy Topics Finance, Market analysis, Background analysis Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.rff.org/RFF/Documen Country Costa Rica UN Region Latin America and the Caribbean References Fuel Tax Incidence in Developing Countries: The Case of Costa Rica[1] Abstract "Although fuel taxes are a practical means of curbing vehicular air pollution, congestion, and accidents in developing countries-all of which are typically major problems-they are often opposed on distributional

385

Event:CDKN/MAPS side event: developing countries collaborating for climate  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CDKN/MAPS side event: developing countries collaborating for climate CDKN/MAPS side event: developing countries collaborating for climate compatible development Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png CDKN/MAPS side event: developing countries collaborating for climate compatible development: 20:15-21:45 on 2011/12/08 CDKN/MAPS side event: developing countries collaborating for climate compatible development Event Details Name CDKN/MAPS side event: developing countries collaborating for climate compatible development Date 2011/12/08 Time 20:15-21:45 Location Levubu River room, Durban Exhibition Centre Organizer Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) Tags Climate Knowledge Broker Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Event:CDKN/MAPS_side_event:_developing_countries_collaborating_for_climate_compatible_development&oldid=391878

386

Ethiopia-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethiopia-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries Ethiopia-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Ethiopia-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climatefundsupdate. Program Start 2009 Country Ethiopia UN Region Southern Asia References Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)[1] Ethiopia Specific Documents[2] Honduras Specific Documents[3] Kenya Specific Documents[4] Maldives Specific Documents[5] Mali Specific Documents[6] Nepal Specific Documents[7] Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income Countries (SREP) is

387

Maldives-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Maldives-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries Maldives-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Maldives-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climatefundsupdate. Program Start 2009 Country Maldives UN Region Southern Asia References Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)[1] Ethiopia Specific Documents[2] Honduras Specific Documents[3] Kenya Specific Documents[4] Maldives Specific Documents[5] Mali Specific Documents[6] Nepal Specific Documents[7] Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income Countries (SREP) is

388

Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climatefundsupdate. Program Start 2009 Country Ethiopia, Honduras, Kenya, Maldives, Mali, Nepal UN Region Southern Asia References Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)[1] Ethiopia Specific Documents[2] Honduras Specific Documents[3] Kenya Specific Documents[4] Maldives Specific Documents[5] Mali Specific Documents[6] Nepal Specific Documents[7] Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income Countries (SREP) is

389

Mexico-Country Note on Climate Change Aspects in Agriculture | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mexico-Country Note on Climate Change Aspects in Agriculture Mexico-Country Note on Climate Change Aspects in Agriculture Jump to: navigation, search Name Mexico-Country Note on Climate Change Aspects in Agriculture Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Land Focus Area Agriculture Topics Co-benefits assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Publications Website http://www-wds.worldbank.org/e Country Mexico UN Region Latin America and the Caribbean References Mexico-Country Note on Climate Change Aspects in Agriculture[1] Summary "Mexico is the only developing country to have submitted three national communications to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), indicating strong commitment by the government for addressing climate change across sectors. Agriculture contributes little, in relative

390

UNEP-Risoe-Economics of GHG Limitations: Country Study Series | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(Redirected from UNEP-Risoe - Economics of GHG Limitations: Country Study (Redirected from UNEP-Risoe - Economics of GHG Limitations: Country Study Series) Jump to: navigation, search Name UNEP-Risoe - Economics of GHG Limitations: Country Study Series Agency/Company /Organization UNEP-Risoe Centre Sector Energy, Land Topics Policies/deployment programs, Pathways analysis, Background analysis, Resource assessment Website http://www.uneprisoe.org/Econo References Economics of Greenhouse Gas Limitations[1] Country study series: Argentina, Ecuador, Estonia, Hungary, Indonesia, Mauritius, Senegal, Vietnam Parallel country studies: Botswana, Tanzania, Zambia Regional Studies: Andean Region, Southern African Development Community (SADC) References ↑ "Economics of Greenhouse Gas Limitations" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=UNEP-Risoe-Economics_of_GHG_Limitations:_Country_Study_Series&oldid=377226"

391

Clean Energy Investment in Developing Countries: Wind Power in Egypt | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Developing Countries: Wind Power in Egypt Developing Countries: Wind Power in Egypt Jump to: navigation, search Name Clean Energy Investment in Developing Countries: Wind Power in Egypt Agency/Company /Organization International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Wind Topics Finance, Market analysis, Background analysis Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.iisd.org/pdf/2009/b Country Egypt Northern Africa References Clean Energy Investment in Developing Countries: Wind Power in Egypt[1] Clean Energy Investment in Developing Countries: Wind Power in Egypt Screenshot Summary "What elements of the domestic policy regime might be improved to help stimulate flows of private investment in clean energy infrastructure and

392

UNEP-Risoe-Economics of GHG Limitations: Country Study Series | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search Name UNEP-Risoe - Economics of GHG Limitations: Country Study Series Agency/Company /Organization UNEP-Risoe Centre Sector Energy, Land Topics Policies/deployment programs, Pathways analysis, Background analysis, Resource assessment Website http://www.uneprisoe.org/Econo References Economics of Greenhouse Gas Limitations[1] Country study series: Argentina, Ecuador, Estonia, Hungary, Indonesia, Mauritius, Senegal, Vietnam Parallel country studies: Botswana, Tanzania, Zambia Regional Studies: Andean Region, Southern African Development Community (SADC) References ↑ "Economics of Greenhouse Gas Limitations" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=UNEP-Risoe-Economics_of_GHG_Limitations:_Country_Study_Series&oldid=377226"

393

Net Imports of Finished Motor Gasoline into the U.S. by Country  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

394

Global Energy Transfer - Feed-in Tariffs for Developing Countries | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Transfer - Feed-in Tariffs for Developing Countries Energy Transfer - Feed-in Tariffs for Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Global Energy Transfer - Feed-in Tariffs for Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization: Deutsche Bank Group Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Finance Resource Type: Publications Website: www.dbcca.com/dbcca/EN/investment-research/investment_research_2347.js References: Get FiT Program[1] This report provides information on best practices for adapting the design of feed-in tariffs in developing countries. Chapters The challenge of renewable energy in the developing world: A project level perspective.............................................................. 11 The GET FiT Solution...................................................................

395

Energy efficiency programs and policies in the industrial sector in industrialized countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Agency (IEA), 2002. Energy Policies of IEA Countries, 20021998. White Paper on Energy Policy, March 1999. White Paper,References: 1. Sustainable Energy Policy Network website:

Galitsky, Christina; Price, Lynn; Worrell, Ernst

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Residual Fuel Oil, 0.31 to 1.00% Sulfur Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

397

Active case detection for malaria elimination: a survey among Asia Pacific countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

these countries conduct investigations for each case. Overreported that they conduct case investigation as part ofreported that they conduct case investigation for all cases.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

DSM Electricity Savings Potential in the Buildings Sector in APP Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2030 . 257 APP countries through the year 2030. Overall, the savingsbe 1.7 thousand TWh or 21% of the 2030 projected base case

McNeil, MIchael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Table 25. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

EIA-856, "Monthly Foreign Crude Oil Acquisition Report," July 1984 to present. 25. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil, by Selected Country Energy Information Administration ...

400

An Internet adoption framework for marketing by small business enterprises in developing countries.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study proposes an Internet adoption framework for marketing in small business enterprises, particularly in developing countries. The proposed framework could be incorporated as part… (more)

Mokhtar, Noor Fadhiha

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "venezuela 1960-present countries" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

International Experiences and Frameworks to Support Country-Driven Low-Emissions Development  

SciTech Connect

Countries can use low-emission development strategies (LEDS) to advance sustainable development, promote private-sector growth, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This paper proposes a framework -- or support infrastructure -- to enable the efficient exchange of LEDS-related knowledge and technical assistance. Under the proposed framework, countries share LEDS-related resources via coordinating forums, 'knowledge platforms,' and networks of experts and investors. The virtual 'knowledge platforms' foster learning by allowing countries to communicate with each other and share technical reports, data, and analysis tools in support of LEDS development. Investing in all elements of the framework in an integrated fashion increases the efficacy of support for country-driven LEDS.

Benioff, R.; Cochran, J.; Cox, S.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

A Multi-Country Analysis of Lifecycle Emissions From Transportation Fuels and Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy use at petroleum refineries is included. • feedstockthe wellhead to a petroleum refinery. A complete country-by-tanker, or the combustion of refinery gas in a petroleum

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

A MULTI-COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF LIFECYCLE EMISSIONS FROM TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND MOTOR VEHICLES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy use at petroleum refineries is included. • feedstockthe wellhead to a petroleum refinery. A complete country-by-tanker, or the combustion of refinery gas in a petroleum

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Net Imports of Reformulated Gasoline into the U.S. by Country  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

405

A Multi-Country Analysis of Lifecycle Emissions From Transportation Fuels and Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electricity trade .country and year. Electricity trade The LEM has a simpleso that “absolute electricity trade is almost nil” (p. 92).

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

A MULTI-COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF LIFECYCLE EMISSIONS FROM TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND MOTOR VEHICLES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electricity trade .country and year. Electricity trade The LEM has a simpleso that “absolute electricity trade is almost nil” (p. 92).

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

A Multi-Country Analysis of Lifecycle Emissions From Transportation Fuels and Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by type of fuel; electricity distribution efficiency in athe efficiency of electricity distribution for every country1994, and that the electricity distribution system was 91.3%

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

A MULTI-COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF LIFECYCLE EMISSIONS FROM TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND MOTOR VEHICLES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by type of fuel; electricity distribution efficiency in athe efficiency of electricity distribution for every country1994, and that the electricity distribution system was 91.3%

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

An Open Source Approach to Improving GIS Implementations in Developing Countries.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Geographic information system (GIS) implementations have a tendency to fail in developing countries. This thesis seeks to explore whether a web based free/open source software… (more)

Øverland, Jan Henrik

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Overview of energy programs/solar energy commercialization status in selected countries  

SciTech Connect

Reviews are given of the solar research plan in the following countries: (1) France, (2) India, (3) Japan, (4) Thailand, and (5) United Kingdom. (MOW)

1978-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Nuclear Electricity Consumption Total Energy. Topics Analysis & Projections Environment Markets & Finance Today in Energy. Geography States Countries Maps. Tools A-Z ...

412

Net Imports of Biomass-Based Diesel into the U.S. by Country  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

413

What countries are the top world oil net importers? - FAQ - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

What's changing in East Coast fuels markets? ... What countries are the top world oil net importers? There are 15 top world oil net importers. Last revised: ...

414

The role of OPEC in promoting economic and financial cooperation among developing countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The phenomenon of OPEC aid has, thus, undergone a remarkable evolution in magnitude, in geographical coverage, in the number of channels of such assistance and in its role and impact. The essential feature of OPEC aid has been and continues to be that OPEC aid represents financial flows from one group of developing countries to another group of developing countries. It is, thus, a concrete manifestation of economic and financial cooperation among developing countries born of the natural solidarity which exists between OPEC Member Countries.

Abdulai, Y.S.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Net Imports of Crude Oil into the U.S. by Country  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

416

,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Other Countries (MMcf...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Other Countries (MMcf)",1,"Monthly","92013" ,"Release Date:","12122013"...

417

Net Imports of Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel into the U.S. by Country  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

418

Country analysis briefs: 1994. Profiles of major world energy producers, consumers, and transport centers  

SciTech Connect

Country Analysis Briefs: 1994 is a compilation of country profiles prepared by the Energy Markets and Contingency Information Division (EMCID) of the Office of Energy Markets and End Use. EMCID maintains Country Analysis Briefs (CABs) for specific countries or geographical areas that are important to world energy markets. As a general rule, CABs are prepared for all members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), major non-OPEC oil producers (i.e., the North Sea, Russia), major energy transit areas (i.e., Ukraine), and other areas of current interest to energy analysts and policy makers. As of January 1995, EMCID maintained over 40 CABs, updated on an annual schedule and subject to revision as events warrant. This report includes 25 CABs updated during 1994. All CABs contain a profile section, a map showing the country`s location, and a narrative section. The profile section includes outlines of the country`s economy, energy sector, and environment. The narrative provides further information and discussion of these topics. Some CABs also include a detailed map displaying locations of major oil and gas fields, pipelines, ports, etc. These maps were created as a result of special individual requests and so are not typically a standard feature of the CABs. They are presented here wherever available as a supplement to the information contained in the CABs.

NONE

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Outsourcing and wage inequality in the home country  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation consists of three essays, which mainly talk about the wage inequality caused by outsourcing in the source countries like the US. The title of the first essay is “Does Outsourcing Always Benefit Skilled Labor? A Dynamic Product Cycle Model Approach.” To understand why outsourcing did not cause wage inequality in the 1970s, I build a dynamic product cycle model with three kinds of labor inputs, scientists, white-collar workers, and blue-collar workers. First, only a homogenous representative producer exists in the model and then the paper allows for producer heterogeneity. According to my theoretical model, outsourcing can hurt skilled labor and does not cause wage inequality if outsourcing industries are absolutely blue-collar worker-intensive compared to non-outsourcing industries. Only scientists who conduct research and development always benefit from outsourcing. The second essay is an empirical work. The title is “Outsourcing, Innovation, and Wage Inequality in the United States: What Happened to the Outsourcing Effect on Wage Inequality in the 1970s?” I find that, in the 1970s, white-collar workers’ wages deteriorated and blue-collar workers’ wages were non-decreasing. R&D workers always benefit from outsourcing. Except computers and high-technology capital, innovation expenditure on wage payment was an additional source of wage inequality in the 1980s. The last essay is named “Beyond the Wage Inequality, the Impact of Outsourcing on the U.S. Labor Market.” To understand the impact of outsourcing on employment, I examine laborers’ ages, gender ratio, years of education, and job tenure and retention rates. By employing the January Current Population Survey (CPS) data, the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) production data, and outsourcing data provided by Feenstra and Hanson, I find that outsourcing decreased blue-collar laborers’ average years of completed education; increased the hiring of females into white-collar workers, and increased job stability of unskilled and skilled laborers in the 1980s. Thus, outsourcing did not take away unskilled laborers’ jobs but hindered new hiring of young unskilled workers

Hsu, Kuang-Chung

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Download workshop PDF  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

is the most advanced country in this respect, but countries like Brazil, Mexico, Colombia, Peru, Argentina,. Venezuela, Chile and Uruguay are taking up the issue ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "venezuela 1960-present countries" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Critical factors for the expansion of broadband in developing countries: The case of Peru  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many studies have been made on the diffusion and development of broadband, however there are few published studies on the critical factors for advancing broadband services in developing countries. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to understand and ... Keywords: Actor analysis, Broadband, Critical factors, Developing countries, Peru

Peter Yamakawa; Gloria Cadillo; RubéN Tornero

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

The requirements and challenges in energy policy formulation for selected OIC countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy poverty is one of the main obstacles for developing of Low income OIC countries. It is widely recognized that adequate, reliable and relevant information on energy requirements, primary energy supply and end use, and energy conservation is not ... Keywords: energy, low income OIC countries, policy, renewable energy

N. Asim; A. Zaharim; K. Sopian

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

The economics of environmental degradation from pollution-intensive multinational enterprises in less developed countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The economic productivity of ecological systems constitutes imperfectly known resources for many developing countries and, as a result, national incentives for their preservation are hampered. Scarcity of capital and foreign exchange, on the other hand, creates for these countries an economic pressure to reduce environmental quality standards in return for foreign exchange from pollution-intensive multinational enterprises. For a bargaining outcome to be considered successful, the host country`s marginal cost of environmental protection should be equal to the social scarcity cost of foreign exchange for capital accumulation. However, imperfections in the international capital markets and in he information processing of private and government institutions as well as government failure may upgrade the value of foreign exchange relative to environmental protection. As a result, many developing countries may prefer to have more direct investment gains derived from an inflow of foreign exchange by allowing pollution-intensive multinationals an excessive amount of pollution, than the strategically optimal one, if these enterprises are prepared to shift operations to their country. Strategic bargaining by pollution-intensive multinationals can turn the economic pressures of developing countries into an exploitable dependence. This paper investigates the socio-economic outcome from strategic bargaining opportunities between developing countries and pollution-intensive multinationals in an effort to provide a better understanding of what is negotiable in the presence of exploitable dependencies.

Grivoyannis, E.C. [Seton Hall Univ., South Orange, NJ (United States)

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

National climate change action plans: Interim report for developing and transition countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Under its Support for National Action Plans (SNAP) initiative, the U.S. Country Studies Program is providing financial and technical assistance to 18 countries for the development of climate change action plans. Although most of the countries have not yet completed their plans, the important lessons learned thus far are valuable and should be shared with other countries and international institutions that have an interest in the process of action plan development. This interim report describes the experience of 11 countries that are the furthest along in their planning activity and who have offered to share their results to date with the larger community of interested nations. These action plans delineate specific mitigation and adaptation measures that the countries will implement and integrate into their ongoing development programs. This report focuses on the measures the countries have selected and the methods they used to prepare their action plans. This executive summary presents key lessons and common themes using a structure similar to that used in the individual country chapters.

Benioff, R.; Ness, E.; Hirst, J. [eds.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

TERMS OF REFERENCE FP2020 WORKING GROUP ON COUNTRY ENGAGEMENT A. PURPOSE OF WORKING GROUP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The London Summit on Family Planning brought together partners representing country governments, donors, multilateral agencies, civil society and private sector organisations around an ambitious goal: to provide an additional 120 million women in the world’s poorest countries with access to voluntary family planning by 2020. Developing country leaders and other partners made transformative financial, policy and delivery commitments and $2.6bn in donor financing was pledged to enable millions more girls and women to use family planning information, services and supplies. The commitments made at the Summit will support the right of women and girls around the world to decide, freely and for themselves, whether, when and how many children they have. The purpose of the FP2020 Country Engagement Working Group is to work with existing partners to provide additional support to countries as they develop, implement, and monitor progress against their transformational family planning plans, building on existing country plans wherever possible, and within the context of countries ’ wider RMNCH and health sector plans. B. OBJECTIVES OF THE WORKING GROUP The Country Engagement Working Group, recognizes that there are partners on the ground working with governments and other partners in many areas within the TOR of the working group. The primary

unknown authors

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Geospatial Toolkits and Resource Maps for Selected Countries from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

NREL also has developed high-resolution resource maps and data products for selected, individual countries using its Geospatial Toolkit. Countries with both a GsT product and related maps and data products are Afghanistan, Bhutan, Northwest India, and Pakistan. [Taken and edited from http://www.nrel.gov/international/geospatial_toolkits.html

427

Policies to Promote Non-Hydro Renewable Energy in the United States and Selected Countries  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This article examines policies designed to encourage the development of non-hydro renewable energy in four countries - Germany, Denmark, the Netherlands, and Japan - and compares the policies enacted in each of these countries to policies that were used in the United States between 1970 and 2003.

Fred Mayes

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Wind Energy in Indian Country: Turning to Wind for the Seventh Generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wind Energy in Indian Country: Turning to Wind for the Seventh Generation by Andrew D. Mills: ___________________________________________ Jane Stahlhut Date #12;Wind Energy in Indian Country A.D. Mills Abstract - ii - Abstract Utility for the purpose of economic development. The aim of this project is to show how wind energy projects on tribal

Kammen, Daniel M.

429

Bottom Up and Country Led: A New Framework for Climate Action | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bottom Up and Country Led: A New Framework for Climate Action Bottom Up and Country Led: A New Framework for Climate Action Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Bottom Up and Country Led: A New Framework for Climate Action Agency/Company /Organization: Booz and Company Sector: Energy, Land, Climate Topics: Low emission development planning Resource Type: Publications Website: www.booz.com/global/home/what_we_think/reports_and_white_papers/ic-dis Cost: Free Bottom Up and Country Led: A New Framework for Climate Action Screenshot References: Bottom Up and Country Led: A New Framework for Climate Action[1] "As delegates gather for the Climate Change Conference in Cancun in late 2010, they can benefit from familiarizing themselves with the set of tools available for mitigation and adaptation, as well as how these tools can fit

430

Market leadership by example: Government sector energy efficiency in developing countries  

SciTech Connect

Government facilities and services are often the largest energy users and major purchasers of energy-using equipment within a country. In developing as well as industrial countries, government ''leadership by example'' can be a powerful force to shift the market toward energy efficiency, complementing other elements of a national energy efficiency strategy. Benefits from more efficient energy management in government facilities and operations include lower government energy bills, reduced greenhouse gas emissions, less demand on electric utility systems, and in many cases reduced dependence on imported oil. Even more significantly, the government sector's buying power and example to others can generate broader demand for energy-efficient products and services, creating entry markets for domestic suppliers and stimulating competition in providing high-efficiency products and services. Despite these benefits, with the exception of a few countries government sector actions have often lagged behind other energy efficiency policies. This is especially true in developing countries and transition economies - even though energy used by public agencies in these countries may represent at least as large a share of total energy use as the public sector in industrial economies. This paper summarizes work in progress to inventory current programs and policies for government sector energy efficiency in developing countries, and describes successful case studies from Mexico's implementation of energy management in the public sector. We show how these policies in Mexico, begun at the federal level, have more recently been extended to state and local agencies, and consider the applicability of this model to other developing countries.

Van Wie McGrory, Laura; Harris, Jeffrey; Breceda, Miguel; Campbell, Stephanie; Sachu, Constantine; della Cava, Mirka; Gonzalez Martinez, Jose; Meyer, Sarah; Romo, Ana Margarita

2002-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

431

,"Maryland Natural Gas Imports from All Countries (Million Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

from All Countries (Million Cubic Feet)" from All Countries (Million Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Maryland Natural Gas Imports from All Countries (Million Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1274_smd-z00_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1274_smd-z00_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

432

,"Georgia Natural Gas Imports from All Countries (Million Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

from All Countries (Million Cubic Feet)" from All Countries (Million Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Georgia Natural Gas Imports from All Countries (Million Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1274_sga-z00_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1274_sga-z00_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

433

Methodologies used by Warsaw Pact countries (except USSR) in obtaining US technologies. Student report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Warsaw Pact countries obtain U.S. technologies by legal and illegal means. Methods of collection include espionage, overt collection, acquisition by scientific and educational exchange participants, and illegal trade activities. Examples of methods used by the Warsaw Pact countries (except the USSR) are provided. The US faces barriers to preventing loss of its technologies. Among these are resistance from US business interests, insufficient cooperation between US government agencies and overseas allies, lack of US counterintelligence personnel, and the openess of American society. The study concludes that the Warsaw Pact's countries have narrowed NATO's qualitative lead in weaponry as a result of the Warsaw Pact's acquisition effort.

Cheeseman, R.J.

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Nuclear Energy Readiness Indicator Index (NERI): A benchmarking tool for assessing nuclear capacity in developing countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Declining natural resources, rising oil prices, looming climate change and the introduction of nuclear energy partnerships, such as GNEP, have reinvigorated global interest in nuclear energy. The convergence of such issues has prompted countries to move ahead quickly to deal with the challenges that lie ahead. However, developing countries, in particular, often lack the domestic infrastructure and public support needed to implement a nuclear energy program in a safe, secure, and nonproliferation-conscious environment. How might countries become ready for nuclear energy? What is needed is a framework for assessing a country's readiness for nuclear energy. This paper suggests that a Nuclear Energy Readiness Indicator (NERI) Index might serve as a meaningful basis for assessing a country's status in terms of progress toward nuclear energy utilization under appropriate conditions. The NERI Index is a benchmarking tool that measures a country's level of 'readiness' for nonproliferation-conscious nuclear energy development. NERI first identifies 8 key indicators that have been recognized by the International Atomic Energy Agency as key nonproliferation and security milestones to achieve prior to establishing a nuclear energy program. It then measures a country's progress in each of these areas on a 1-5 point scale. In doing so NERI illuminates gaps or underdeveloped areas in a country's nuclear infrastructure with a view to enable stakeholders to prioritize the allocation of resources toward programs and policies supporting international nonproliferation goals through responsible nuclear energy development. On a preliminary basis, the indicators selected include: (1) demonstrated need; (2) expressed political support; (3) participation in nonproliferation and nuclear security treaties, international terrorism conventions, and export and border control arrangements; (4) national nuclear-related legal and regulatory mechanisms; (5) nuclear infrastructure; (6) the utilization of IAEA technical assistance; (7) participation in regional arrangements; and (8) public support for nuclear power. In this paper, the Index aggregates the indicators and evaluates and compares the level of readiness in seven countries that have recently expressed various degrees of interest in establishing a nuclear energy program. The NERI Index could be a valuable tool to be utilized by: (1) country officials who are considering nuclear power; (2) the international community, desiring reassurance of a country's capacity for the peaceful, safe, and secure use of nuclear energy; (3) foreign governments/NGO's, seeking to prioritize and direct resources toward developing countries; and (4) private stakeholders interested in nuclear infrastructure investment opportunities.

Saum-Manning,L.

2008-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

435

Performance Measurement in the Road Sector: A Cross-Country Review of  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Performance Measurement in the Road Sector: A Cross-Country Review of Performance Measurement in the Road Sector: A Cross-Country Review of Experience Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Performance Measurement in the Road Sector: A Cross-Country Review of Experience Agency/Company /Organization: ITF Complexity/Ease of Use: Not Available Website: www.internationaltransportforum.org/jtrc/DiscussionPapers/DP201210.pdf Related Tools Handbook for Handling, Storing, and Dispensing E85 London Congestion Pricing: Implications for Other Cities Bike-Sharing:History, Impacts, Models of Provision, and Future ... further results Find Another Tool FIND TRANSPORTATION TOOLS This report focuses on reviewing performance requirements and indicators established by developed countries worldwide. Additionally, the concept of

436

EIA - Appendix F-Reference Case Projections by End-Use Sector and Country  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reference Case Projections by End-Use Sector and Country Grouping Data Tables (2005-2030) Reference Case Projections by End-Use Sector and Country Grouping Data Tables (2005-2030) International Energy Outlook 2008 Reference Case Projections by End-Use Sector and Country Grouping Data Tables (2005-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 19 complete) Reference Case Projections by End-Use Sector and Country Gruping Data Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Projections of Nuclear Generating Capacity Data Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. F1 Total World Delivered Energy Consumption by End-Use Sector and Fuel Table F1. Total World Delivered Energy Consumption by End-Use Sector and Fuel. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

437

Design and prototyping of a retrofittable motorized module for hand powered tricycles for Developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current wheelchair designs in developing countries create many difficulties for their users. In Kenya, wheelchair users are often unable to use public transportation, and thus are isolated and usually without work. This ...

Wang, Nathan Philip

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Tenements : dwellings for the urban poor. Comparative study illustrating 28 cases in developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tenements are significant systems that provide habitation to the poor in most of the urban areas of the developing countries. Yet, tenements are practically ignored if not prohibited by the public sector and consequently ...

Aliman, Isam Mohammad

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

ESMAP-Brazil-Low-carbon Country Case Study | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low-carbon Country Case Study Low-carbon Country Case Study Jump to: navigation, search Name Brazil-ESMAP Low Carbon Growth Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Partner United Kingdom Department for International Development Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Energy Efficiency, Forestry Topics Background analysis, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.esmap.org/filez/pub Country Brazil South America References World Bank, ESMAP - Low Carbon Growth Country Studies - Getting Started[1] Overview "Benefiting from a cooperative process with Brazilian authorities, the study covers four key areas with large potential for low-carbon options in

440

U.S. Secretary of Energy Participates in Five-Country Energy Ministerial in  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Participates in Five-Country Energy Participates in Five-Country Energy Ministerial in Japan U.S. Secretary of Energy Participates in Five-Country Energy Ministerial in Japan June 7, 2008 - 12:51pm Addthis Signs Methane Hydrates Agreement WASHINGTON - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and top government officials from China, India, Japan, and Korea participated in discussions related to energy security challenges, emergency preparedness, investment climate, energy efficiency and diversification at the Five-Country Energy Ministerial held in Aomori, Japan. Secretary Bodman led a session on global investment regimes, where he highlighted the importance of open, transparent investment climates and predictable legal and regulatory systems to encourage investment in the next-generation of energy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "venezuela 1960-present countries" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

U.S. Secretary of Energy Participates in Five-Country Energy Ministerial in  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. Secretary of Energy Participates in Five-Country Energy U.S. Secretary of Energy Participates in Five-Country Energy Ministerial in Japan U.S. Secretary of Energy Participates in Five-Country Energy Ministerial in Japan June 7, 2008 - 12:51pm Addthis Signs Methane Hydrates Agreement WASHINGTON - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and top government officials from China, India, Japan, and Korea participated in discussions related to energy security challenges, emergency preparedness, investment climate, energy efficiency and diversification at the Five-Country Energy Ministerial held in Aomori, Japan. Secretary Bodman led a session on global investment regimes, where he highlighted the importance of open, transparent investment climates and predictable legal and regulatory systems to encourage investment in the next-generation of energy

442

Building energy calculator : a design tool for energy analysis of residential buildings in Developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Buildings are one of the world's largest consumers of energy, yet measures to reduce energy consumption are often ignored during the building design process. In developing countries, enormous numbers of new residential ...

Smith, Jonathan Y. (Jonathan York), 1979-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Modelling energy-economy interactions in small developing countries : a case study of Sri Lanka  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report is addressed at modelling energy-economy interactions in small developing countries, those with populations less than 20 million or so and where neither the industrial or energy sectors are dominant. The overall ...

Blitzer, Charles R.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Country Review of Energy-Efficiency Financial Incentives in the Residential Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electricity rates are adjusted to guarantee a fixed revenue level to utilities independent of sales. California Stateelectricity rates vary widely among countries from levying public benefit charges as is done in many U.S. states

Can, Stephane de la Rue du

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Localized design-manufacture for Developing Countries : a methodology for creating culturally sustainable architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Can improved technology uptake in developing countries promote cultural sustainability and enable the production of endogenous solutions for development? This thesis, which focuses on technology dissemination for the benefit ...

Peinovich, Ella

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Urban settlement issues : observations from 181 surveys of urban dwelling environments in developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Observations and summaries were made on 181 surveys of urban dwelling environments in developing countries, carried out by members of the Urban Settlement Design Program (U.S.D.P.), at MIT. The focus of this study is in ...

Wang, Chih-chien, M.S. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Incorporating endogenous demand dynamics into long-term capacity expansion power system models for Developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research develops a novel approach to long-term power system capacity expansion planning for developing countries by incorporating endogenous demand dynamics resulting from social processes of technology adoption. ...

Jordan, Rhonda LeNai

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Viable alternative for conducting cost-effective daily atmospheric soundings in developing countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radiosonde-collected data are of vital importance to a wide variety of studies that aim at understanding the interaction between land-surface and the atmosphere, amongst others. However, atmospheric measurements in developing countries, some of which ...

Thomas Lafon; Jennifer Fowler; John Fredy Jiménez; Gabriel Jaime Tamayo Cordoba

449

U.S. Imports from OPEC Countries of Crude Oil and Petroleum ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Imports from OPEC Countries of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products (Thousand Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 ...

450

Energy conservation policy in developing countries : the case for market solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interest in energy conservation, although to some degree cyclical, has been stimulated during the last twenty years by the rising cost of energy in a wide range of developing and developed countries, especially following ...

Bates, Robin W.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Environmental Protection for Developing Countries: The Polluter-Does-Not-Pay Principle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Countries: The Polluter-Does-Not-Pay Principle Abstract Thewe describe as the polluter-does- not-pay regime on theto study the polluter-does-not-pay principle, identifying

Luppi, Barbara; Parisi, Francesco; Rajagopalan, Shruti

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

U.S. Imports from OPEC Countries of Crude Oil and Petroleum ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Imports from OPEC Countries of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products (Thousand Barrels) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 1993: ...

453

Public Disclosure Authorized Manufacturing Firms in Developing Countries How Well Do They Do, and Why?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Competition among manufacturers in developing countries is remarkably vigorous. Nonetheless, markets are imperfect, so the general trend toward trade liberalization has yielded benefits beyond the traditional gains from specialization.

James Tybout

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

11.487 Urban Public Finance in Developing Countries, Fall 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis of the structure and operation of government systems in developing countries, with particular emphasis on regional and local governments. Major topics include: the role of decentralization in national economic ...

Kim, Annette M.

455

11.701 Introduction to Planning and Institutional Processes in Developing Countries, Fall 2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This introductory course is structured to cultivate the key sensibilities necessary for effective planning practice in newly industrializing countries. The word "sensibility" refers to an awareness of key developmental ...

Sanyal, Bishwapriya

456

Empowering Actions to Save Energy Across the Country | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Empowering Actions to Save Energy Across the Country Empowering Actions to Save Energy Across the Country Empowering Actions to Save Energy Across the Country August 31, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis Eric Barendsen Energy Technology Program Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy I think about energy a lot, and I'm always looking to get other people to think more consciously about energy and the ways they use it. I frequently send links to my friends and family to interesting websites and stories about people tackling our energy issues at home and at work. I also can't help but spread the word on Facebook and Twitter about what people are doing across the country to get smart about saving energy. Some of my favorite reminders of the rapid strides we are taking toward a clean energy future are the daily stories we feature on our Energy Empowers

457

Getting beyond the lowest common denominator : Developing countries in global environmental negotiations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study explores the collective negotiation behavior of the developing countries of the South in international environmental politics. The so-called 'South'-represented in global negotiations by Group of 77 (G77)-is an ...

Najam, Adil

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Focusing Mechanisms in the Texas Hill Country Flash FIOMS of 1978  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the early morning of 2 August 1978, a stationary thunderstorm complex drenched the Balcones Escarpment of Texas and unleashed flash floods in the Hill Country which killed 27 people and produced extensive damage. After the storm, an ...

F. Caracena; J. M. Fritsch

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Opportunities for renewable energy technologies in water supply in developing country villages  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report provides the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) with information on village water supply programs in developing countries. The information is intended to help NREL develop renewable energy technologies for water supply and treatment that can be implemented, operated, and maintained by villagers. The report is also useful to manufacturers and suppliers in the renewable energy community in that it describes a methodology for introducing technologies to rural villages in developing countries.

Niewoehner, J.; Larson, R.; Azrag, E.; Hailu, T.; Horner, J.; VanArsdale, P. [Water for People, Denver, CO (United States)

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Present and future nuclear power generation as a reflection of individual countries' resources and objectives  

SciTech Connect

The nuclear reactor industry has been in a state of decline for more than a decade in most of the world. The reasons are numerous and often unique to the energy situation of individual countries. Two commonly cited issues influence decisions relating to construction of reactors: costs and the need, or lack thereof, for additional generating capacity. Public concern has ''politicized'' the nuclear industry in many non-communist countries, causing a profound effect on the economics of the option. The nuclear installations and future plans are reviewed on a country-by-country basis for 36 countries in the light of the resources and objectives of each. Because oil and gas for power production throughout the world are being phased out as much as possible, coal-fired generation currently tends to be the chosen alternative to nuclear power production. Exceptions occur in many of the less developed countries that collectively have a very limited operating experience with nuclear reactors. The Chernobyl accident in the USSR alarmed the public; however, national strategies and plans to build reactors have not changed markedly in the interim. Assuming that the next decade of nuclear power generation is uneventful, additional electrical demand would cause the nuclear power industry to experience a rejuvenation in Europe as well as in the US. 80 refs., 3 figs., 22 tabs.

Borg, I.Y.

1987-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "venezuela 1960-present countries" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

The design, development, and dissemination of a small-business wheelchair to empower people with disabilities in Developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis discusses the design of a small-business wheelchair that empowers disabled people in developing countries to become entrepreneurs. Disabled people in these countries face tremendous discrimination, making it ...

Scolnik, Natasha (Natasha Kathryn)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Market definition study of photovoltaic power for remote villages in developing countries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this market definition study is to assess the market potential for the use of photovoltaic power systems for remote villages in developing countries. The approach used was to conduct an in-depth literature search followed by in-country surveys of selected developing countries in Africa, the Middle East, Southeast Asia, and Latin America. The purpose of these surveys was to determine the current energy situation in these countries, the level of rural electrification activity, their knowledge and interest in solar and specifically photovoltaics, their financial resource capability, and the probability of development of a market for photovoltaics based on these and other factors. Findings are presented. The conclusion reached by the survey is that there is a significant market potential for photovoltaics in village power applications in developing countries. Extrapolation of the number of unelectrified villages results in an estimated potential of as much as 20,000 MWp, a potential similar in magnitude to previous UN and World Bank estimates. Recommendations for market stimulation are presented. (WHK)

Ragsdale, C.; Quashie, P.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Assessment of official development assistance from the OPEC capital-exporting countries (1974-1979)  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the study was to assess whether the benefits derived from Official Development Assistance (ODA) from the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) exceed the extra costs of imported oil paid by the Oil-Importing Developing Countries (OIDCs) since the fall of 1973. For purposes of analysis, the OIDCs were divided into four regions of Africa, Asia, the Middle East and Latin America. The additional oil expenditures that these four regions had to pay to OPEC were calculated. This was folowed by a derivation of estimates for the total grants disbursed by OPEC to the four regions. The results were then compared to the additional costs for imported oil previously derived. It was found that the additional costs for imported oil exceeded the benefits derived from the ODA of the OPEC capital-exporting countries for the Middle East, Asia and Latin America. In the case of Africa, however, the benefits more than equaled the costs. In conclusion, it was recommended that the area of joint ventures could provide excellent opportunities for the OPEC capital-exporting countries and the OIDCs to explore. However, before joint ventures between the OPEC capital-exporting countries and the OIDSs become an attractive option for channeling OPEC surpluses, there need to be intensive research in making such a co-operation feasible in the future.

Al-Riyami, S.A.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Some observations on the flow of financial resources to developing countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper highlights some of the conceptual and methodological problems involved in the compilation of statistics on economic aid to developing countries. Figures from the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) and the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) member states are compared to point up problems in the interpretation of the statistics. One area of concern is the listing of funds provided by financial institutions located in the DAC countries. OPEC capital often forms a majority of such institutions; yet the figures do not measure the OPEC share of the capital nor its share of the risk borne in its provision of the loans. Another area of concern is bond purchases and subscriptions to syndicated loans by OPEC financial institutions in the financial markets of DAC countries. The flows in these instances, originating from OPEC sources, are merely channeled through the DAC financial markets. Based on origin and risk (borne exclusively by OPEC sources) these flows should validly be included as OPEC flows, the author says. Also of major concern are the loan and bond purchases made by financial institutions in the DAC countries from the proceeds of OPEC deposits. Although the risk is borne by the financial institutions, OPEC surplus funds are the original source. The original source should be correctly identified, the author feels, rather than be included in the figures on DAC nonconcessional flows. (SAC)

Khouja, M.W.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

A Clean Energy Standard: Good for Consumers, Good for the Country |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Clean Energy Standard: Good for Consumers, Good for the Country A Clean Energy Standard: Good for Consumers, Good for the Country A Clean Energy Standard: Good for Consumers, Good for the Country July 28, 2011 - 3:30pm Addthis Damien LaVera Damien LaVera Deputy Director, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? A well-designed technology neutral clean energy standard would be a win for American workers, and a win for America on global competitiveness. When paired with measures to improve energy efficiency, a comprehensive energy standard could even reduce electricity bills for consumers. Earlier this week, the Congressional Budget Office issued a new report that highlights the important role a clean energy standard could have in creating the clean energy jobs of the future at minimal cost to consumers.
 


466

Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment - Kenya Country Report | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

- Kenya Country Report - Kenya Country Report Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): The Kenya Country Report describes the energy situation in Kenys and identifies solar and wind energy opportunities. (Purpose): To influence investment decisions by promoting and supporting renewable energy by overcoming informational barriers in solar and wind energy financing. Source Daniel Theuri - SWERA National Team Date Released November 23rd, 2008 (6 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords documentation Kenya renewable energy solar SWERA UNEP wind Data application/pdf icon Download Report (pdf, 9.3 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2008 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment

467

Trends in electricity demand and supply in the developing countries, 1980--1990  

SciTech Connect

This report provides an overview of trends concerning electricity demand and supply in the developing countries in the 1980--1990 period, with special focus on 13 major countries for which we have assembled consistent data series. We describe the linkage between electricity demand and economic growth, the changing sectoral composition of electricity consumption, and changes in the mix of energy sources for electricity generation. We also cover trends in the efficiency of utility electricity supply with respect to power plant efficiency and own-use and delivery losses, and consider the trends in carbon dioxide emissions from electricity supply.

Meyers, S.; Campbell, C.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

DSM Electricity Savings Potential in the Buildings Sector in APP Countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The global economy has grown rapidly over the past decade with a commensurate growth in the demand for electricity services that has increased a country's vulnerability to energy supply disruptions. Increasing need of reliable and affordable electricity supply is a challenge which is before every Asia Pacific Partnership (APP) country. Collaboration between APP members has been extremely fruitful in identifying potential efficiency upgrades and implementing clean technology in the supply side of the power sector as well established the beginnings of collaboration. However, significantly more effort needs to be focused on demand side potential in each country. Demand side management or DSM in this case is a policy measure that promotes energy efficiency as an alternative to increasing electricity supply. It uses financial or other incentives to slow demand growth on condition that the incremental cost needed is less than the cost of increasing supply. Such DSM measures provide an alternative to building power supply capacity The type of financial incentives comprise of rebates (subsidies), tax exemptions, reduced interest loans, etc. Other approaches include the utilization of a cap and trade scheme to foster energy efficiency projects by creating a market where savings are valued. Under this scheme, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions associated with the production of electricity are capped and electricity retailers are required to meet the target partially or entirely through energy efficiency activities. Implementation of DSM projects is very much in the early stages in several of the APP countries or localized to a regional part of the country. The purpose of this project is to review the different types of DSM programs experienced by APP countries and to estimate the overall future potential for cost-effective demand-side efficiency improvements in buildings sectors in the 7 APP countries through the year 2030. Overall, the savings potential is estimated to be 1.7 thousand TWh or 21percent of the 2030 projected base case electricity demand. Electricity savings potential ranges from a high of 38percent in India to a low of 9percent in Korea for the two sectors. Lighting, fans, and TV sets and lighting and refrigeration are the largest contributors to residential and commercial electricity savings respectively. This work presents a first estimates of the savings potential of DSM programs in APP countries. While the resulting estimates are based on detailed end-use data, it is worth keeping in mind that more work is needed to overcome limitation in data at this time of the project.

McNeil, MIchael; Letschert, Virginie; Shen, Bo; Sathaye, Jayant; de la Ru du Can, Stephane

2011-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

469

Model-Based Calculations of the Probability of a Country's Nuclear Proliferation Decisions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The first nuclear weapon was detonated in August 1945 over Japan to end World War II. During the past six decades, the majority of the world's countries have abstained from acquiring nuclear weapons. However, a number of countries have explored the nuclear weapons option, 23 in all. Among them, 14 countries have dropped their interest in nuclear weapons after initiating some efforts. And nine of them today possess nuclear weapons. These countries include the five nuclear weapons states - U.S., Russia, U.K., France, and China - and the four non- NPT member states - Israel, India, Pakistan, and North Korea. Many of these countries initially used civilian nuclear power technology development as a basis or cover for their military program. Recent proliferation incidents in Iraq, Iran, and North Korea brought the world together to pay much attention to nuclear nonproliferation. With the expected surge in the use of nuclear energy for power generation by developing countries, the world's nuclear nonproliferation regime needs to be better prepared for potential future challenges. For the world's nuclear nonproliferation regime to effectively cope with any future proliferation attempts, early detection of potentially proliferation-related activities is highly desirable. Early detection allows the international community to respond and take necessary actions - ideally using political and diplomatic influences without resorting to harsh measures such as sanctions or military actions. In this regard, a capability to quantitatively predict the chance of a country's nuclear proliferation intent or activities is of significant interest. There have been various efforts in the research community to understand the determinants of nuclear proliferation and develop quantitative tools to predict nuclear proliferation events. These efforts have shown that information about the political issues surrounding a country's security along with economic development data can be useful to explain the occurrences of proliferation decisions. However, predicting major historical proliferation events using model-based predictions has been unreliable. Nuclear proliferation decisions by a country is affected by three main factors: (1) technology; (2) finance; and (3) political motivation [1]. Technological capability is important as nuclear weapons development needs special materials, detonation mechanism, delivery capability, and the supporting human resources and knowledge base. Financial capability is likewise important as the development of the technological capabilities requires a serious financial commitment. It would be difficult for any state with a gross national product (GNP) significantly less than that of about $100 billion to devote enough annual governmental funding to a nuclear weapon program to actually achieve positive results within a reasonable time frame (i.e., 10 years). At the same time, nuclear proliferation is not a matter determined by a mastery of technical details or overcoming financial constraints. Technology or finance is a necessary condition but not a sufficient condition for nuclear proliferation. At the most fundamental level, the proliferation decision by a state is controlled by its political motivation. To effectively address the issue of predicting proliferation events, all three of the factors must be included in the model. To the knowledge of the authors, none of the exiting models considered the 'technology' variable as part of the modeling. This paper presents an attempt to develop a methodology for statistical modeling and predicting a country's nuclear proliferation decisions. The approach is based on the combined use of data on a country's nuclear technical capability profiles economic development status, security environment factors and internal political and cultural factors. All of the information utilized in the study was from open source literature. (authors)

Li, Jun; Yim, Man-Sung; McNelis, David N. [Department of Nuclear Engineering North Carolina State University (United States)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Cost and other barriers to public access computing in developing countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Public access to computers and the Internet can play an important role in social and economic development if it effectively helps to meet the needs of underserved populations. Public access venues such as libraries, telecentres and cybercafés ... Keywords: ICT4D, affordability, cybercafés, developing countries, digital literacy, fees, libraries, local content, public access, telecentres

Melody Clark; Ricardo Gomez

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Which developing countries have done the most to close the digital divide?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Often, an answer to the question posed in the title is provided for either mobile phones or the Internet but not both at once. In this paper by contrast I require that successful countries do well on both forms of technology, over the period from 2000 ... Keywords: Internet, Mobile phones, New technology

Jeffrey James

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Public and private intervention for next-generation access deployment: Possibilities for three European countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

How next-generation access (NGA) deployment can be encouraged is a challenge that many countries are facing, and one that has been widely and actively discussed around the globe. This discussion has highlighted a dilemma that ultimately shapes investment-how ... Keywords: Incentives, Intervention, Next-generation access, Sweden, The Netherlands, United Kingdom

Tricia Ragoobar; Jason Whalley; David Harle

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Assessing the Role of Energy in Development and Climate Policies in Large Developing Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assessing the Role of Energy in Development and Climate Policies in Large Developing Countries Amit policy goals related to sustainable development (SD), energy and climate can be integrated. However that can be used to assess development, energy and climate policies is introduced and empirical indicators

474

ICT-integrated education and national innovation systems in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The widespread use and availability of information and communication technologies (ICT) has greatly impacted how nations conceptualize innovation and the ways formal mass education can be used to advance socio-political and economic agendas. The Gulf ... Keywords: Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries, Information and communication technology (ICT), National education systems, National innovation systems (NIS), Research development and innovation (RDI)

Alexander W. Wiseman; Emily Anderson

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Analyzing the oil refining industry in developing countries: A comparative study of China and India  

SciTech Connect

The oil refining industry is a critical link in the energy chain in many developing and industrialized countries, transforming crude oil into transport fuels (gasoline, jet fuel, and diesel), residual fuel oil (widely used as a fuel in industry and the electric power sector), and other products such as kerosine, frequently for lighting an cooking usages. Three to four decades ago, the demand for oil products in most developing countries was centered to a few large cities; thus, few refineries were built in these regions. But because of the astonishing economic growth in many developing nations, demand for oil products has increased rapidly. As a result, the refining industry has expanded rapidly in such countries, even in cases were there is no domestic crude oil production. Oil product demand and refinery expansion in Asian developing countries in particular have experienced significant growth. Between 1976 and 1993, oil product demand and refinery capacity in that region (excluding Japan) increased annually an average of 5.2 percent and 4.3 percent, respectively, whereas the comparable figures for the world as a whole remained virtually unchanged during the same period. The substantial gains in Asia`s crude oil production in the 1970s is believed to have facilitated this refinery expansion.

Tang, F.C.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

476

The development trends of science in the CIS countries on the basis of some scientometric indicators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The article attempts to assess the results of the independent development of the CIS countries in the field of science over the period 1990---2009. The analysis of the numerous scientometric indicators reveals the decrease of the number of expert researchers ... Keywords: Bibliometric analysis, CIS, Citation index, Patents, R&D, Science

Renat Karamourzov

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Intervention in Countries with Unsustainable Energy Policies: Is it Ever Justifiable?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper explores whether it is ever justifiable for the international community to forcibly intervene in countries that have unsustainable energy policies. The literature on obligations to future generations suggests, philosophically, that intervention might be justified under certain circumstances. Additionally, the world community has intervened in the affairs of other countries for humanitarian reasons, such as in Kosovo, Somalia, and Haiti. However, intervention to deal with serious energy problems is a qualitatively different and more difficult problem. A simple risk analysis framework is used to organize the discussion about possible conditions for justifiable intervention. If the probability of deaths resulting from unsustainable energy policies is very large, if the energy problem can be attributed to a relatively small number of countries, and if the risk of intervention is acceptable (i.e., the number of deaths due to intervention is relatively small), then intervention may be justifiable. Without further analysis and successful solution of several vexing theoretical questions, it cannot be stated whether unsustainable energy policies being pursued by countries at the beginning of the 21st century meet the criteria for forcible intervention by the international community.

Tonn, Bruce Edward [ORNL

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Website design in an international context: The role of gender in masculine versus feminine oriented countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous research confirms there are differences between men and women concerning website design preferences. A few researchers have further suggested website preferences based on gender (i.e. whether one is a man or a woman) differ in countries that ... Keywords: Culture, Gender, Website design, Website satisfaction, Website trust

Dianne Cyr, Milena Head

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Country Review of Energy-Efficiency Financial Incentives in the Residential Sector  

SciTech Connect

A large variety of energy-efficiency policy measures exist. Some are mandatory, some are informative, and some use financial incentives to promote diffusion of efficient equipment. From country to country, financial incentives vary considerably in scope and form, the type of framework used to implement them, and the actors that administer them. They range from rebate programs administered by utilities under an Energy-Efficiency Resource Standards (EERS) regulatory framework (California, USA) to the distribution of Eco-points rewarding customers for buying highly efficient appliances (Japan). All have the primary objective of transforming the current market to accelerate the diffusion of efficient technologies by addressing up-front cost barriers faced by consumers; in most instances, efficient technologies require a greater initial investment than conventional technologies. In this paper, we review the different market transformation measures involving the use of financial incentives in the countries belonging to the Major Economies Forum. We characterize the main types of measures, discuss their mechanisms, and provide information on program impacts to the extent that ex-ante or ex-post evaluations have been conducted. Finally, we identify best practices in financial incentive programs and opportunities for coordination between Major Economies Forum countries as envisioned under the Super Efficient Appliance Deployment (SEAD) initiative.

Can, Stephane de la Rue du; Shah, Nihar; Phadke, Amol

2011-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

480

Comparison of low-level waste disposal programs of DOE and selected international countries  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to examine and compare the approaches and practices of selected countries for disposal of low-level radioactive waste (LLW) with those of the US Department of Energy (DOE). The report addresses the programs for disposing of wastes into engineered LLW disposal facilities and is not intended to address in-situ options and practices associated with environmental restoration activities or the management of mill tailings and mixed LLW. The countries chosen for comparison are France, Sweden, Canada, and the United Kingdom. The countries were selected as typical examples of the LLW programs which have evolved under differing technical constraints, regulatory requirements, and political/social systems. France was the first country to demonstrate use of engineered structure-type disposal facilities. The UK has been actively disposing of LLW since 1959. Sweden has been disposing of LLW since 1983 in an intermediate-depth disposal facility rather than a near-surface disposal facility. To date, Canada has been storing its LLW but will soon begin operation of Canada`s first demonstration LLW disposal facility.

Meagher, B.G. [Lockheed Idaho Technologies Co., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Cole, L.T. [Cole and Associates (United States)

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "venezuela 1960-present countries" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Biodiversity and Habitat Changes Modelling Experiences in Ukraine and Eastern Europe Countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is updated study on biodiversity and its conditions in Ukraine and seven surrounding countries. It includes four different methods: the indicative-index approach, the Mean Species Abundance MSA and two species based approaches, one using habitat ... Keywords: Biodiversity, Birds, DIVA, Eastern Europe, GLOBIO, Generalized Linear Model GLM, Insects, Mammals, Mean Species Abundance MSA, Modelling, Plants, Ukraine

Vasyl Prydatko, Grygoriy Kolomytsev

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Energy Policy 36 (2008) 15381544 Promoting biofuels: Implications for developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Policy 36 (2008) 1538­1544 Promoting biofuels: Implications for developing countries Jo¨ rg 2008 Abstract Interest in biofuels is growing worldwide as concerns about the security of energy supply, however, production costs of biofuels are typically much higher than those of fossil fuels. As a result

483

Using environmental risk assessment to evaluate chemical waste disposal in developing countries  

SciTech Connect

Rapid industrialization of countries in the Pacific Basin has been accompanied by dramatic increases in the manufacture, formulation, use, and disposal of hazardous materials and residuals. Countries, particularly those with more developed industrial economies, have implemented waste management strategies in various ways and to varying degrees. Although existing strategies provide useful guidance for developing and newly industrialized countries, each country must consider various factors as it independently develops approaches adapted to its particular circumstances. For example, individual strategies must take into account the types and quantities of wastes being generated or those projected to be generated as a result of anticipated economic development; the ability to access trained staff and capital for effective use of available technologies; the environmental and demographic setting of the alternative sites of the associated facilities; the perceptions as to what risks are acceptable relative to other possibly more traditional health and safety risks; and the institutions available for implementing the waste management strategy. This paper discusses how the principles of risk assessment and comparison can be a constructive force in thinking through these complex decisions and describes how a risk-based analysis contributed to the development of a hazardous waste management strategy in Thailand. 6 refs.

Habegger, L.; Fingleton, D. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA)); Liengcharernsit, W.; Hastings, P. (Thailand Development Research Inst., Bangkok (Thailand))

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Trade, Technology and the Environment: Why Do Poorer Countries Regulate Sooner?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While there has been a proliferation of work on environmentally-friendly innovation, nearly all of these studies have focused on highly-developed economies. These countries perform most of the world’s R&D and are typically the first to enact new environmental regulations. However, while environmental policy in high income is likely to induce new innovations needed to comply with more stringent regulations, for other countries, the technologies needed to comply with new regulations will already be in use elsewhere in the world when the decision to regulate is made. Thus, rather than asking to what extent environmental regulation induces new environmental innovation, we instead ask to what extent the availability of new technology influences the adoption of new environmental regulations. We begin with a general equilibrium model of a small, open economy, focusing on the political economy decision to regulate emissions. Using a newly-created data set of emission regulations for coal-fired power plants, we test the model’s predictions using a hazard regression of the diffusion of environmental regulation across countries. We show that advances in available pollution control technology do lead to earlier adoption, ceteris paribus, of regulation in developing countries. Moreover, this result is stronger for more open economies, suggesting that free trade increases access to environmentally-friendly technologies. In addition, political economy variables, such as the size of the domestic coal industry, are also important.

Mary Lovely

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Income distribution and the allocation of public agricultural investment in developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Income distribution and the allocation of public agricultural investment in developing countries responsible for the views expressed and for any limitiations #12;1 Introduction We compare the distributional average distribution costs, encouraging the growth of a distributional network. The creation of an export

Kammen, Daniel M.

486

Carbon emissions and sequestration in forests: Case studies from seven developing countries. Volume 1, Summary: Draft  

SciTech Connect

Forests are a major source of carbon dioxide emissions in developing countries, in most cases far exceeding the emissions from the energy sector. To date, however, efforts at quantifying forestry emissions have produced a wide range of results. In order to assist policymakers in developing measures to reduce emissions` levels and to increase carbon sequestration, the Tropical Forest Research Network (F-7) has undertaken this effort to improve the precision of emissions estimates and to identify possible response options in the forestry sector. This paper summarizes the results of one component of this work. The Tropical Forest Research Network (F-7) was established in 1990 as part of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change`s (IPCC) activities in examining growing emissions of greenhouse gases and their potential impact on the global climate. Unlike past methods, this study relied on a network of participants from developing countries to prepare estimates of carbon emissions. The participating countries -- Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico and Thailand -- currently represent an estimated two-thirds of the annual deforestation of closed moist forests. This study gives an estimate of 837 million tonnes of carbon emissions from deforestation and logging in the F-7 countries in 1990. A proportional projection of these estimates to the tropical biome shows that the total carbon emissions are between 1.1 and 1.7 billion tonnes of carbon, with a working average of 1.4 billion tonnes per year. This work also provides estimates of emissions and uptake from China, which past studies rarely have included. This summary will be followed by individual reports by each of the participating countries, which will include detailed evaluations of possible response options. Estimates for Nigeria are also under preparation.

Makundi, W.; Sathaye, J. [eds.; Cerutti, O.M.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Carbon emissions and sequestration in forests: Case studies from seven developing countries  

SciTech Connect

Forests are a major source of carbon dioxide emissions in developing countries, in most cases far exceeding the emissions from the energy sector. To date, however, efforts at quantifying forestry emissions have produced a wide range of results. In order to assist policymakers in developing measures to reduce emissions' levels and to increase carbon sequestration, the Tropical Forest Research Network (F-7) has undertaken this effort to improve the precision of emissions estimates and to identify possible response options in the forestry sector. This paper summarizes the results of one component of this work. The Tropical Forest Research Network (F-7) was established in 1990 as part of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's (IPCC) activities in examining growing emissions of greenhouse gases and their potential impact on the global climate. Unlike past methods, this study relied on a network of participants from developing countries to prepare estimates of carbon emissions. The participating countries -- Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico and Thailand -- currently represent an estimated two-thirds of the annual deforestation of closed moist forests. This study gives an estimate of 837 million tonnes of carbon emissions from deforestation and logging in the F-7 countries in 1990. A proportional projection of these estimates to the tropical biome shows that the total carbon emissions are between 1.1 and 1.7 billion tonnes of carbon, with a working average of 1.4 billion tonnes per year. This work also provides estimates of emissions and uptake from China, which past studies rarely have included. This summary will be followed by individual reports by each of the participating countries, which will include detailed evaluations of possible response options. Estimates for Nigeria are also under preparation.

Makundi, W.; Sathaye, J. (eds.); Cerutti, O.M.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Trade, transport, and sinks extend the carbon dioxide responsibility of countries: An editorial essay  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Globalization and the dynamics of ecosystem sinks need be considered in post-Kyoto climate negotiations as they increasingly affect the carbon dioxide concentration in the atmosphere. Currently, the allocation of responsibility for greenhouse gas mitigation is based on territorial emissions from fossil-fuel combustion, process emissions and some land-use emissions. However, at least three additional factors can significantly alter a country's impact on climate from carbon dioxide emissions. First, international trade causes a separation of consumption from production, reducing domestic pollution at the expense of foreign producers, or vice versa. Second, international transportation emissions are not allocated to countries for the purpose of mitigation. Third, forest growth absorbs carbon dioxide and can contribute to both carbon sequestration and climate change protection. Here we quantify how these three factors change the carbon dioxide emissions allocated to China, Japan, Russia, USA, and European Union member countries. We show that international trade can change the carbon dioxide currently allocated to countries by up to 60% and that forest expansion can turn some countries into net carbon sinks. These factors are expected to become more dominant as fossil-fuel combustion and process emissions are mitigated and as international trade and forest sinks continue to grow. Emission inventories currently in wide-spread use help to understand the global carbon cycle, but for long-term climate change mitigation a deeper understanding of the interaction between the carbon cycle and society is needed. Restructuring international trade and investment flows to meet environmental objectives, together with the inclusion of forest sinks, are crucial issues that need consideration in the design of future climate policies. And even these additional issues do not capture the full impact of changes in the carbon cycle on the global climate system.

Peters, Glen P [Center for International Climate and Energy Research (CICERO), Oslo, Norway; Marland, Gregg [ORNL; Hertwich, Edgar G. [Norwegian University of Science and Technology; Saikku, Laura [University of Helsinki

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Intimate partner violence in three former Soviet Union countries (Azerbaijan, Moldova, and Ukraine)| Prevalence, risk factors, and women's reproductive health.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? A scarce body of scientific knowledge is available on IPV in the transitional countries of the former Soviet Union/fSU and the magnitude, risk factors,… (more)

Ismayilova, Leyla

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Carotenoids & Retinoids; Molecular Aspects and Health IssuesChapter 17 Vitamin A in Health and Disease in Developing Countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carotenoids & Retinoids; Molecular Aspects and Health Issues Chapter 17 Vitamin A in Health and Disease in Developing Countries Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Press   ...

491

Comparative analysis of energy security in the Nordic countries: The role of renewable energy resources in diversification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Security of energy supply has been one of the important debates among citizens and governments of the Nordic countries after the first energy crisis. In response

Alireza Aslani; Erkki Antila; Kau-Fui V. Wong

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

The Availability and Price of The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran February 29, 2012 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 A report required by section 1245 (d)(4)(A) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran i This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views

493

Progress on Our 21st Century Grid: Powering Our Country and Our Economy |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Progress on Our 21st Century Grid: Powering Our Country and Our Economy Progress on Our 21st Century Grid: Powering Our Country and Our Economy June 3, 2013 - 11:43am Addthis Investments in the nation's electric power grid are delivering significant benefits to consumers and businesses. | Photo courtesy of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Investments in the nation's electric power grid are delivering significant benefits to consumers and businesses. | Photo courtesy of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Patricia A. Hoffman Patricia A. Hoffman Assistant Secretary, Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability Since the start of the new year, I have spoken at more than a dozen events about ways in which investment in the electric power grid is delivering

494

Native American Students in STEM Fields: A Critical Need for our Country |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Native American Students in STEM Fields: A Critical Need for our Native American Students in STEM Fields: A Critical Need for our Country Native American Students in STEM Fields: A Critical Need for our Country August 1, 2012 - 10:20am Addthis Dot Harris, Director of the Office of Economic Impact and Diversity, speaks about her engineering career to Native American students at the Intertribal Youth Summit on July 30. | Photo Credit: AnneMarie Ashburn, Department Of Energy. Dot Harris, Director of the Office of Economic Impact and Diversity, speaks about her engineering career to Native American students at the Intertribal Youth Summit on July 30. | Photo Credit: AnneMarie Ashburn, Department Of Energy. Dot Harris Dot Harris The Honorable Dot Harris, Director, Office of Economic Impact and Diversity "Engineering has greatly enhanced my critical thinking and analytical

495

Energy intensities in OECD countries, 1970--1989: A sectoral analysis  

SciTech Connect

We discuss the evolution of energy intensities in key sectors or subsectors between the early 1970s and the late 1980s in nine OECD countries. The sectors covered are manufacturing, automobile and air travel, freight trucking, residential space heating, and the service sector. Intensity changes varied among the sectors and countries, but common trends are visible in many cases. In most cases, the intensity decline slowed or ceased in the mid-1980s. We discuss the causes for the changes observed in each area, showing how energy-price changes were but one of many factors that played a role. Weighting the changes in intensities by 1973 energy use patterns, we find that the aggregate energy intensity index fell by 14--19% between 1973 and 1988 in the US, Japan, and West Germany.

Schipper, L.; Meyers, S.; Howarth, R.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Effective deployment of photovoltaics in the Mediterranean countries: Balancing policy risk and return  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although the Mediterranean region is blessed with abundant solar resources, photovoltaic energy currently represents a very small share of power production. In Germany however, a much less sunny country, the photovoltaic (PV) industry is booming. This country has become a front runner in the adoption of PV because of effective policy incentives. Based on a cross-case study analysis of the German, Spanish and Greek PV markets, this paper investigates factors determining the effectiveness of PV policies. Our analysis shows that, above a certain level of return, risk-related factors (such as policy instability and administrative hurdles) play a more important role in influencing investment decisions than return-related factors (such as the level of a feed-in tariff). (author)

Luethi, S. [IWOe-HSG, Institute for Economy and the Environment, University of St. Gallen, Tigerbergstr. 2, CH-9000 St. Gallen (Switzerland)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

497

Improving energy efficiency: Strategies for supporting sustained market evolution in developing and transitioning countries  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a framework for considering market-oriented strategies for improving energy efficiency that recognize the conditions of developing and transitioning countries, and the need to strengthen the effectiveness of market forces in delivering greater energy efficiency. It discusses policies that build markets in general, such as economic and energy pricing reforms that encourage competition and increase incentives for market actors to improve the efficiency of their energy use, and measures that reduce the barriers to energy efficiency in specific markets such that improvement evolves in a dynamic, lasting manner. The report emphasizes how different policies and measures support one another and can create a synergy in which the whole is greater than the sum of the parts. In addressing this topic, it draws on the experience with market transformation energy efficiency programs in the US and other industrialized countries.

Meyers, S.

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

An energy atlas of five Central American countries. Un atlas energetico de cinco paises Centroamericanos  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In a series of maps and figures, this atlas summarizes what is known about the energy resources and how these resources and oil imports supply the energy needs of five Central American countries: Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Costa Rica, and Panama. The main exploited energy resources are firewood, hydroelectric energy, bagasse from sugar cane residues, and geothermal energy. Limited oil exploration in the region has uncovered modest oil re