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1

Design diversity of HEVs with example vehicles from HEV competitions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVS) can be designed and operated to satisfy many different operational missions. The three most common HEV types differ with respect to component sizing and operational capabilities. However, HEV technology offers design opportunities beyond these three types. This paper presents a detailed HEV categorization process that can be used to describe unique HEV prototype designs entered in college and university-level HEV design competitions. We explored possible energy management strategies associated with designs that control the utilization of the two on- board energy sources and use the competition vehicles to illustrate various configurations and designs that affect the vehicle`s capabilities. Experimental data is used to help describe the details of the power control strategies which determine how the engine and electric motor of HEV designs work together to provide motive power to the wheels.

Duoba, M.; Larsen, R.; LeBlanc, N.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

2

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Electric  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Hybrid Electric Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Electric Vehicle (EV) Exemption from Vehicle Testing Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Electric Vehicle (EV) Exemption from Vehicle Testing Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Electric Vehicle (EV) Exemption from Vehicle Testing Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Electric Vehicle (EV) Exemption from Vehicle Testing Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Electric Vehicle (EV) Exemption from Vehicle Testing Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV)

3

Hybrid Electric Vehicles - HEV Modeling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Modeling Modeling Background Because of time and cost constraints, designers cannot build and test each of the many possible powertrain configurations for advanced vehicles. Thus, developing fuel cells and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) requires accurate, flexible simulation tools. Argonne undertook a collaborative effort to further develop Autonomie in collaboration with General Motors. Autonomie is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Vehicle Technologies Program. Autonomie is a Plug-and-Play Powertrain and Vehicle Model Architecture and Development Environment to support the rapid evaluation of new powertrain/propulsion technologies for improving fuel economy through virtual design and analysis in a math-based simulation environment. Autonomie is an open architecture to support the rapid integration and analysis of powertrain/propulsion systems and technologies for rapid technology sorting and evaluation of fuel economy improvement under dynamic/transient testing conditions. The capability to sort technologies rapidly in a virtual design environment results in faster improvements in real-world fuel consumption by reducing the time necessary to develop and bring new technologies onto our roads.

4

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Taxicab  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Hybrid Electric Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Taxicab Restriction Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Taxicab Restriction Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Taxicab Restriction Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Taxicab Restriction Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Taxicab Restriction Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Taxicab Restriction Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Taxicab Restriction Exemption on AddThis.com...

5

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Zero  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Hybrid Electric Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Purchase Vouchers to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Purchase Vouchers on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Purchase Vouchers on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Purchase Vouchers on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Purchase Vouchers on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Purchase Vouchers on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid

6

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) High Occupancy  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Hybrid Electric Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Lane Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Lane Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Lane Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Lane Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Lane Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Lane Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid

7

HEV Fleet Testing Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Activity Activity Maintenance Sheet for 2007 Saturn Vue VIN # 5GZCZ33Z07S838122 Date Mileage Description Cost 12/8/2006 5,055 Changed oil $33.95 1/9/2007 12,509 Changed oil $25.88 2/8/2007 17,916 Changed oil $42.78 2/15/2007 19,841 Installed Lojack antitheft system $625.00 4/17/2007 30,124 Changed oil $42.36 6/19/2007 45,307 Changed oil $40.70 6/20/2007 45,695 Replaced two tires $257.46 7/10/2007 50,522 Changed oil $38.94 8/15/2007 55,654 Changed oil $32.85 9/3/2007 Vehicle involved in motor vehicle accident - deer hit car windshield and car was under repair 9/12/2007 60,395 Changed oil and replaced air filter $73.48 10/4/2007 65,226 Changed oil and replaced oil filter $37.16 10/19/2007 65,278 Transaxle service and replaced faulty AC compressor $1,056.62 (paid deductible) $100.00

8

Driving Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Reports from U.S. Drivers of HEVs converted to PHEVs, circa 2006-07  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Early Market for Hybrid Electric Vehicles. ” TransportationVehicles: What Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) Mean and WhyPower Assist Hybrid Electric Vehicles, and Plug-in Hybrid

Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.; Turrentine, Tom

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

The importance of vehicle costs, fuel prices, and fuel efficiency to HEV market success.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Toyota's introduction of a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) named ''Prius'' in Japan and Honda's proposed introduction of an HEV in the United States have generated considerable interest in the long-term viability of such fuel-efficient vehicles. A performance and cost projection model developed entirely at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) is used here to estimate costs. ANL staff developed fuel economy estimates by extending conventional vehicle (CV) modeling done primarily under the National Cooperative Highway Research Program. Together, these estimates are employed to analyze dollar costs vs. benefits of two of many possible HEV technologies. We project incremental costs and fuel savings for a Prius-type low-performance hybrid (14.3 seconds zero to 60 mph acceleration, 260 time) and a higher-performance ''mild'' hybrid vehicle, or MHV (11 seconds 260 time). Each HEV is compared to a U.S. Toyota Corolla with automatic transmission (11 seconds 260 time). The base incremental retail price range, projected a decade hence, is $3,200-$3,750, before considering battery replacement cost. Historical data are analyzed to evaluate the effect of fuel price on consumer preferences for vehicle fuel economy, performance, and size. The relationship between fuel price, the level of change in fuel price, and consumer attitude toward higher fuel efficiency is also evaluated. A recent survey on the value of higher fuel efficiency is presented and U.S. commercial viability of the hybrids is evaluated using discount rates of 2090 and 870. Our analysis, with our current HEV cost estimates and current fuel savings estimates, implies that the U.S. market for such HEVS would be quite limited.

Santini, D. J.; Patterson, P. D.; Vyas, A. D.

1999-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

10

Modeling and Design Optimization of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Powertrains.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) were introduced in response to rising environmental challenges facing the automotive sector. HEVs combine the benefits of electric vehicles and conventional… (more)

Chehresaz, Maryyeh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles - PHEV and HEV Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Argonne is a major player in the Department of Energy's (DOE's) plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) energy storage research and development (R&D) program. DOE has...

12

HEV America - 2001 Honda Insight Hybrid Electric Vehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

t H y b r i d E l e c t r i c V e h i c l e HEVAMERICA U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ADVANCED VEHICLE TESTING ACTIVITY PERFORMANCE STATISTICS Acceleration 0-50 mph At 100% SOC: 11.3...

13

Modeling, simulation, and analysis of series hybrid electric vehicles for fuel economy improvement.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) combines a conventional internal combustion engine (ICE) propulsion system with an electric propulsion system. In a series HEV, an electric… (more)

Khandaker, Masuma

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Semiotics and Advanced Vehicles: What Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) Mean and Why it Matters to Consumers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Early Markets For Hybrid Electric Vehicles. Institute ofon Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Technology,and Impacts of Hybrid Electric Vehicle Options. Electric

Heffner, Reid R.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Semiotics and Advanced Vehicles: What Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) Mean and Why it Matters to Consumers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Demand for Electric Vehicles. Transportation Research Ain Relation to the Electric Vehicle. Science, Technology,In Early Markets For Hybrid Electric Vehicles. Institute of

Heffner, Reid R.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Current Hybrid Electric Vehicle performance based on temporal data from the world`s largest HEV fleet  

SciTech Connect

The United States Department of Energy (DOE) procured new data collection equipment for the 42 vehicles registered to compete in the 1994 Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Challenge, increasing the amount of information gathered from the worlds largest fleet of HEVs. Data were collected through an on-board data storage device and then analyzed to determine effects of different hybrid control strategies on energy efficiency and driving performance. In this paper, the results of parallel hybrids versus series hybrids with respect to energy usage and acceleration performance are examined, and the efficiency and performance of the power-assist types are compared to that of the range-extender types. Because on-board and off-board electrical charging performance is critical to an efficient vehicle energy usage cycle, charging performance is presented and changes and improvements from the 1993 HEV Challenge are discussed. Peak power used during acceleration is presented and then compared to the electric motor manufacturer ratings. Improvements in data acquisition methods for the 1995 HEV Challenge are recommended.

Wipke, K.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Semiotics and Advanced Vehicles: What Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) Mean and Why it Matters to Consumers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Would You Buy a Hybrid Vehicle? Study #715238, conducted forGolf 12,000 miles/year Hybrid Vehicle 5a. Did you have toYellow Flag on 'Green' Hybrid Vehicles. Los Angeles Times. 7

Heffner, Reid R.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Energy Basics: Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

a hybrid electric vehicle. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) combine the benefits of high fuel economy and low emissions with the power, range, and convenience of conventional diesel...

19

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity - Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hyundai Sonata (4932) Battery Report 2010 Ultra-Battery Honda Civic Battery Report Some hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) combine a conventional internal combustion engine (using...

20

Microsoft Word - HEV Spec Rev 1 copy.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EV AMERICA: HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE (HEV) TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS Revision 1 Effective November 1, 2005 Prepared by Electric Transportation Applications HEV AMERICA November 1,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vehicles hevs combine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

HEV dynamometer testing with state-of-charge corrections in the 1995 HEV challenge  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In the 1995 HEV Challenge competition, 17 prototype Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) were tested by using special HEV test procedures. The contribution of the batteries during the test, as measured by changes in battery state-of-charge (SOC), were accounted for by applying SOC corrections to the test data acquired from the results of the HEV test. The details of SOC corrections are described and two different HEV test methods are explained. The results of the HEV test methods are explained. The results of the HEV tests and the effects on the test outcome of varying HEV designs and control strategies are examined. Although many teams had technical problems with their vehicles, a few vehicles demonstrated high fuel economy and low emissions. One vehicle had emissions lower than California`s ultra-low emission vehicle (ULEV) emissions rates, and two vehicles demonstrated higher fuel economy and better acceleration than their stock counterparts.

Duoba, M.; Larsen, R.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) combine the benefits of high fuel economy and low emissions with the power, range, and convenience of conventional diesel and gasoline fueling. HEV technologies also have potential to be combined with alternative fuels and fuel cells to provide additional benefits. Future offerings might also include plug-in hybrid electric vehicles.

23

Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Hybrid Electric (HEV) Alternative Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

State Hybrid Electric State Hybrid Electric (HEV) Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Acquisition Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Hybrid Electric (HEV) Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Acquisition Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Hybrid Electric (HEV) Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Acquisition Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Hybrid Electric (HEV) Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Acquisition Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Hybrid Electric (HEV) Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Acquisition Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Hybrid Electric (HEV) Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Acquisition Requirements on Digg

24

Toyota Prius Plug-In HEV: A Plug-In Hybrid Electric Car in NREL's Advanced Technology Vehicle Fleet (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This fact sheet highlights the Toyota Prius plug-in HEV, a plug-in hybrid electric car in the advanced technology vehicle fleet at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). In partnership with the University of Colorado, NREL uses the vehicle for grid-integration studies and for testing new hardware and charge-management algorithms. NREL's advanced technology vehicle fleet features promising technologies to increase efficiency and reduce emissions without sacrificing safety or comfort. The fleet serves as a technology showcase, helping visitors learn about innovative vehicles that are available today or are in development. Vehicles in the fleet are representative of current, advanced, prototype, and emerging technologies.

Not Available

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

A rule-based energy management strategy for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV) combine the power from an electric motor with that from an internal combustion engine to propel the vehicle. The HEV electric motor is typically powered by a battery pack through power electronics. The HEV battery is recharged ...

Harpreetsingh Banvait; Sohel Anwar; Yaobin Chen

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Developing a standardized test procedure for hybrid vehicles: The challenge of the SAE HEV task force  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In 1992, the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) established a task force to develop a procedure for measuring electric energy consumption, all-electric range, fuel economy, and exhaust emissions for hybrid vehicles; the procedure will be submitted to regulatory agencies as representing the automotive industry`s recommendations. The draft procedure is currently being tested on hybrid vehicles. The University of Maryland`s parallel hybrid was tested in September 1994, and the University of California-Davis` parallel hybrid and the University of Illinois` series hybrid will be tested in November 1994 and January 1995, respectively. The procedure is being modified to incorporate any lessons learned, and the task force hopes to recommend the final procedure to the SAE by mid 1995.

Penney, T; Christensen, D [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Poulos, S [General Motors Corp., Warren, MI (United States)

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Speed-sensorless torque control of induction motors for hybrid electric vehicles.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) are exciting new additions to the car markets since they combine the best features of conventional and electric cars to improve… (more)

Fu, Tianjun

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Vehicle Data for Alternative Fuel Vehicles (AFVs) and Hybrid Fuel Vehicles (HEVs) from the Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (AFCD)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The AFDC provides search capabilities for many different models of both light-duty and heavy-duty vehicles. Engine and transmission type, fuel and class, fuel economy and emission certification are some of the facts available. The search will also help users locate dealers in their areas and do cost analyses. Information on alternative fuel vehicles and on advanced technology vehicles, along with calculators, resale and conversion information, links to incentives and programs such as Clean Cities, and dozens of fact sheets and publications make this section of the AFDC a valuable resource for car buyers.

29

Quantifying the benefits of hybrid vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

century. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) reduce emissionsas plug-in HEVs and full electric vehicles to market. In theon their design, hybrid electric vehicles employ electric

Turrentine, Tom; Delucchi, Mark; Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Kenneth S; Sun, Yongling

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Battery Choices for Different Plug-in HEV Configurations (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Presents battery choices for different plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) configurations to reduce cost and to improve performance and life.

Pesaran, A.

2006-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

31

The 1995 HEV challenge: Results and technology summary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this paper is to analyze and summarize the performance results and the technology used in the 1995 Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Challenge. Government and industry are exploring hybrid electric vehicle technology to significantly improve fuel economy and reduce emissions of the vehicles without sacrificing performance. This last in a three-year series of HEV competitions provided the testing grounds to evaluate the different approaches of 29 universities and colleges constructing HEVS. These HEVs competed in an affay of events, including: acceleration, emissions testing, consumer acceptance, range, vehicle handling, HVAC testing, fuel economy, and engineering design. The teams also documented the attributes of their vehicles in the technical reports. The strategies and approaches to HEV design are analyzed on the basis of the data from each of the events. The overall performance for promising HEV approaches is also examined. Additional significant design approaches employed by the teams are presented, and the results from the events are discussed.

LeBlanc, N.; Larsen, R.; Duoba, M.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Use of microPCM fluids as enhanced liquid coolants in automotive EV and HEV vehicles. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Proof-of-concept experiments using a specific microPCM fluid that potentially can have an impact on the thermal management of automotive EV and HEV systems have been conducted. Samples of nominally 20-micron diameter microencapsulated octacosane and glycol/water coolant were prepared for testing. The melting/freezing characteristics of the fluid, as well as the viscosity, were determined. A bench scale pumped-loop thermal system was used to determine heat transfer coefficients and wall temperatures in the source heat exchanged. Comparisons were made which illustrate the enhancements of thermal performance, reductions of pumping power, and increases of heat transfer which occur with the microPCM fluid.

Mulligan, James C.; Gould, Richard D.

2001-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

33

DOE Hydrogen Analysis Repository: Advanced Vehicle Introduction...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Keywords: Vehicle characteristics; market penetration; advanced technology vehicles; hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) Purpose Vehicle Choice Model - Estimate market penetration...

34

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Basics Hybrid Electric Vehicle Basics Hybrid Electric Vehicle Basics August 20, 2013 - 9:13am Addthis Photo of hands holding a battery pack (grey rectangular box) for a hybrid electric vehicle. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) combine the benefits of high fuel economy and low emissions with the power, range, and convenience of conventional diesel and gasoline fueling. HEV technologies also have potential to be combined with alternative fuels and fuel cells to provide additional benefits. Future offerings might also include plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. Hybrid electric vehicles typically combine the internal combustion engine of a conventional vehicle with the battery and electric motor of an electric vehicle. The combination offers low emissions and convenience-HEVs never need to be plugged in.

35

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Basics Hybrid Electric Vehicle Basics Hybrid Electric Vehicle Basics August 20, 2013 - 9:13am Addthis Photo of hands holding a battery pack (grey rectangular box) for a hybrid electric vehicle. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) combine the benefits of high fuel economy and low emissions with the power, range, and convenience of conventional diesel and gasoline fueling. HEV technologies also have potential to be combined with alternative fuels and fuel cells to provide additional benefits. Future offerings might also include plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. Hybrid electric vehicles typically combine the internal combustion engine of a conventional vehicle with the battery and electric motor of an electric vehicle. The combination offers low emissions and convenience-HEVs never need to be plugged in.

36

Evaluation of a Lower-Energy Energy Storage System (LEESS) for Full-Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This presentation discusses the evaluation of a lower-energy energy storage system for full-hybrid electric vehicles.

Gonder, J.; Ireland, J.; Cosgrove, J.

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Improvement of an EVT-based HEV using dynamic programming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

vehicle, dynamic programming, electrical variable transmission I. INTRODUCTION Hybrid Electric Vehicles for automotive hybridization [4], [6]. However other advanced SP-HEVs like the Electric Variable Transmission. Abstract- Automotive engineers and researchers have proposed different Series-Parallel Hybrid Electric

Recanati, Catherine

38

Power storage options for hybrid electric vehicles—A survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) are the future transportation structure as they provide better fuel economy. Energy storage devices are therefore required for the HEVs. The problem for deciding the optimum combination of power storage is still unresolved. The power storage options in this regard must have a feasible weight/energy ratio for better performance. This survey is about the comparison of different power storage options for HEV including the batteries

Hadeed Ahmed Sher; Khaled E. Addoweesh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Acquisition Requirements to Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Acquisition Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Acquisition Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Acquisition Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Acquisition Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Acquisition Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Acquisition Requirements on Digg

40

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Acquisition Requirements to and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Acquisition Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Acquisition Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Acquisition Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Acquisition Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Acquisition Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Acquisition Requirements on Digg

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vehicles hevs combine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

NREL: Learning - Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Electric Vehicles Hybrid Electric Vehicles Photo of the front and part of the side of a bus parked at the curb of a city street with tall buildings in the background. This diesel hybrid electric bus operated by the Metropolitan Transit Authority, New York City Transit, was part of a test study that recently investigated the fuel efficiency and reliability of these buses. Credit: Leslie Eudy Today's hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) range from small passenger cars to sport utility vehicles (SUVs) and large trucks. Though they often look just like conventional vehicles, HEVs usually include an electric motor as well as a small internal combustion engine (ICE). This combination provides greater fuel economy and fewer emissions than most conventional ICE vehicles do. HEVs are powered by two energy sources: an energy conversion unit, such as

42

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- 1.5 million miles of HEV fleet testing (160k miles per vehicle in 36 months) - End-of-life HEV testing (rerun fuel economy & conduct battery testing @ 160k miles per vehicle) -...

43

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Funding to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Funding on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Funding on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Funding on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Funding on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Funding on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative

44

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Fuel Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Insurance Discount to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Insurance Discount on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Insurance Discount on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Insurance Discount on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Insurance Discount on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Insurance Discount on Digg

45

Hybrid Electric Vehicles - HEV Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and component levels. A very detailed battery design model is used to establish these costs for different Li-Ion battery chemistries. The battery design model considers the...

46

Elimination of Harmonics in a Multilevel Converter for HEV Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

possible solu- tions are found. Keywords­ Hybrid Electric Vehicles, Multilevel Convert- ers, Harmonic Elimination, Resultants I. Introduction Designs for heavy duty hybrid-electric vehicles (HEVs) that have large electric drives such as tractor trailers, trans- fer trucks, or military vehicles will require advanced

Tolbert, Leon M.

47

Driving Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Reports from U.S. Drivers of HEVs converted to PHEVs, circa 2006-07  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assessment for Battery Electric Vehicles, PowerAssist Hybrid Electric Vehicles, and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles. EPRI: Palo Alto, CA.

Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.; Turrentine, Tom

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Vehicle Manufacturing Futures in Transportation Life-cycle Assessment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gasoline vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles, aircraft, high-Gasoline Vehicle (CGV), Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV),Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV), and Battery Electric

Chester, Mikhail; Horvath, Arpad

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Driving Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Reports from U.S. Drivers of HEVs converted to PHEVs, circa 2006-07  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

experiences with plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEVs). At theA.A. (2007) “Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles for a SustainableAssessment of Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles on Electric Utilities

Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.; Turrentine, Tom

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Driving Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Reports from U.S. Drivers of HEVs converted to PHEVs, circa 2006-07  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Flex-Fuel Vehicles Including E85, Plug-in Hybrids Peakfor-flex-fuel-vehicles-including-e85-plug-in- hybrids-peak-

Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.; Turrentine, Tom

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Technical analysis of the 1994 HEV challenge  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The 1994 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Challenge provided the backdrop for collecting data and developing testing procedures for hybrid electric vehicle technology available at colleges and universities across North America. The data collected at the competition was analyzed using the HEV definitions from the draft SAE J1711 guidelines. The energy economy, percentage of electrical to total energy used, and acceleration performance was analyzed for any correlation between the over-the-road data and the commuter-sustaining, commuter-depleting, and reserve-sustaining hybrid vehicles. The analysis did not provide any direct correlation between over-the-road data and the three hybrid types. The analysis did show that the vehicle configurations provide the best information on vehicle performance. It was also clear that a comprehensive data analysis system along with a well-defined testing procedure would allow for a more complete analysis of the data.

LeBlanc, N.M.; Duoba, M.; Quong, S.; Larsen, R.P.; Stithim, M.; Rimkus, W.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Quantifying the benefits of hybrid vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the last century. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) reduceon their design, hybrid electric vehicles employ electricof this paper, hybrid electric vehicles are a broad set of

Turrentine, Tom; Delucchi, Mark; Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Kenneth S; Sun, Yongling

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Integrated Vehicle Thermal Management - Combining Fluid Loops in Electric Drive Vehicles (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and electric vehicles have increased vehicle thermal management complexity, using separate coolant loop for advanced power electronics and electric motors. Additional thermal components result in higher costs. Multiple cooling loops lead to reduced range due to increased weight. Energy is required to meet thermal requirements. This presentation for the 2013 Annual Merit Review discusses integrated vehicle thermal management by combining fluid loops in electric drive vehicles.

Rugh, J. P.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Lower-Energy Requirements for Power-Assist HEV Energy Storage Systems--Analysis and Rationale (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Presented at the 27th International Battery Seminar and Exhibit, 15-18 March 2010, Fort Lauderdale, Florida. NREL conducted simulations and analysis of vehicle test data with research partners in response to a USABC request; results suggest that power-assist hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), like conventional HEVs, can achieve high fuel savings with lower energy requirements at potentially lower cost.

Gonder, J.; Pesaran, A.

2010-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

55

Hybrid Vehicle Technology - Home  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

* Batteries * Batteries * Modeling * Testing Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Materials Modeling, Simulation & Software Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles PSAT Smart Grid Student Competitions Technology Analysis Transportation Research and Analysis Computing Center Working With Argonne Contact TTRDC Hybrid Vehicle Technology revolutionize transportation Argonne's Research Argonne researchers are developing and testing various hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and their components to identify the technologies, configurations, and engine control strategies that provide the best combination of high fuel economy and low emissions. Vehicle Validation Argonne also serves as the lead laboratory for hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) and technology validation for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). HIL is a

56

DOE Field Operations Program EV and HEV Testing  

SciTech Connect

The United States Department of Energy’s (DOE) Field Operations Program tests advanced technology vehicles (ATVs) and disseminates the testing results to provide fleet managers and other potential ATV users with accurate and unbiased information on vehicle performance. The ATVs (including electric, hybrid, and other alternative fuel vehicles) are tested using one or more methods - Baseline Performance Testing (EVAmerica and Pomona Loop), Accelerated Reliability Testing, and Fleet Testing. The Program (http://ev.inel.gov/sop) and its nine industry testing partners have tested over 30 full-size electric vehicle (EV) models and they have accumulated over 4 million miles of EV testing experience since 1994. In conjunction with several original equipment manufacturers, the Program has developed testing procedures for the new classes of hybrid, urban, and neighborhood EVs. The testing of these vehicles started during 2001. The EVS 18 presentation will include (1) EV and hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) test results, (2) operating experience with and performance trends of various EV and HEV models, and (3) experience with operating hydrogen-fueled vehicles. Data presented for EVs will include vehicle efficiency (km/kWh), average distance driven per charge, and range testing results. The HEV data will include operating considerations, fuel use rates, and range testing results.

Francfort, James Edward; Slezak, L. A.

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

2008 Special Issue: Toyota Prius HEV neurocontrol and diagnostics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A neural network controller for improved fuel efficiency of the Toyota Prius hybrid electric vehicle is proposed. A new method to detect and mitigate a battery fault is also presented. The approach is based on recurrent neural networks and includes the ... Keywords: Battery diagnostics, Control, EKF, Fault mitigation, HEV, NN controller, NN model, Neurocontrol, RNN

Danil V. Prokhorov

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transportation Association Conference Transportation Association Conference Vancouver, Canada December 2005 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Testing Jim Francfort U.S. Department of Energy - FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program, Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity INL/CON-05-00964 Presentation Outline * Background & goals * Testing partners * Hybrid electric vehicle testing - Baseline performance testing (new HEV models) - 1.5 million miles of HEV fleet testing (160k miles per vehicle in 36 months) - End-of-life HEV testing (rerun fuel economy & conduct battery testing @ 160k miles per vehicle) - Benchmark data: vehicle & battery performance, fuel economy, maintenance & repairs, & life-cycle costs * WWW information location Background * Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) - part of the

59

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Emissions Inspection and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Emissions Inspection Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on Digg

60

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Emissions Inspection and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Emissions Inspection Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on Digg

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vehicles hevs combine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Interactions between Electric-drive Vehicles and the Power Sector in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles, Volume 1: NationwideBEVs or plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) requirescell vehicle; HEV = Hybrid electric vehicle; ICE = Internal

McCarthy, Ryan; Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Symbolism and the Adoption of Fuel-Cell Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Relation to the Electric Vehicle” Science, Technology,The World Electric Vehicle Association Journal, Vol. 1, 2007Research of hybrid-electric vehicles (HEVs) indicates that

Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Kenneth S; Turrentine, Tom

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Optimally Controlling Hybrid Electric Vehicles using Path Forecasting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper examines path-dependent control of Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs). In this approach we seek to improve HEV fuel economy by optimizing charging and discharging of the vehicle battery depending on the forecasted ...

Kolmanovsky, Ilya V.

64

Personalized driving behavior monitoring and analysis for emerging hybrid vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emerging electric-drive vehicles, such as hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and plug-in HEVs (PHEVs), hold the potential for substantial reduction of fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. User driving behavior, which varies from person ...

Kun Li; Man Lu; Fenglong Lu; Qin Lv; Li Shang; Dragan Maksimovic

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Hybrid electric vehicle technology assessment : methodology, analytical issues, and interim results.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report presents the results of the first phase of Argonne National Laboratory's (ANL's) examination of the costs and energy impacts of light-duty hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). We call this research an HEV Technology Assessment, or HEVTA. HEVs are vehicles with drivetrains that combine electric drive components (electric motor, electricity storage) with a refuelable power plant (e.g., an internal combustion engine). The use of hybrid drivetrains is widely considered a key technology strategy in improving automotive fuel efficiency. Two hybrid vehicles--Toyota's Prius and Honda's Insight--have been introduced into the U.S. market, and all three auto industry participants in the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles (PNGV) have selected hybrid drivetrains for their prototype vehicles.

Plotkin, S.; Santini, D.; Vyas, A.; Anderson, J.; Wang, M.; Bharathan, D.; He, J.

2002-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

66

Microsoft Word - Vehicle Battery EA_BASF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

lithium-ion battery industry and, more specifically, the electric drive vehicle (EDV) and hybrid-electric vehicle industry (HEV). If approved, DOE would provide approximately 50...

67

Just the Basics - Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Electric Vehicles Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) offer reduced pollution and improved fuel economy. That's why the government and auto- makers are anxious to introduce a...

68

Hybrid Electric and Pure Electric vehicle testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Electric and Pure Electric Vehicle Testing (Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity) Jim Francfort Discovery Center of Idaho - September 2005 INLCON-05-00693 HEV & EV Testing...

69

Vehicle Battery Basics | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

22, 2013 - 1:58pm Addthis Batteries are essential for electric drive technologies such as hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), and...

70

Interpersonal Influence within Car Buyers’ Social Networks: Five Perspectives on Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Demonstration Participants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vehicles: What Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) Mean and Whyearly market for hybrid electric vehicles." TransportationPlug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Demonstration and

Axsen, Jonn; Kurani, Kenneth S.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Interpersonal Influence within Car Buyers’ Social Networks: Five Perspectives on Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Demonstration Participants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in relation to the electric vehicle." Science Technology &Vehicles: What Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) Mean and Whyearly market for hybrid electric vehicles." Transportation

Axsen, Jonn; Kurani, Kenneth S.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Implications of NiMH Hysteresis on HEV Battery Testing and Performance  

SciTech Connect

Nickel Metal-Hydride (NiMH) is an advanced high-power battery technology that is presently employed in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) and is one of several technologies undergoing continuing research and development by FreedomCAR. Unlike some other HEV battery technologies, NiMH exhibits a strong hysteresis effect upon charge and discharge. This hysteresis has a profound impact on the ability to monitor state-of-charge and battery performance. Researchers at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) have been investigating the implications of NiMH hysteresis on HEV battery testing and performance. Experimental results, insights, and recommendations are presented.

Motloch, Chester George; Belt, Jeffrey R; Hunt, Gary Lynn; Ashton, Clair Kirkendall; Murphy, Timothy Collins; Miller, Ted J.; Coates, Calvin; Tataria, H. S.; Lucas, Glenn E.; Duong, T.Q.; Barnes, J.A.; Sutula, Raymond

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Challenges for the vehicle tester in characterizing hybrid electric vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Many problems are associated with applying test methods, like the Federal Test Procedure (FTP), for HEVs. Although there has been considerable progress recently in the area of HEV test procedure development, many challenges are still unsolved. A major hurdle to overcoming the challenges of developing HEV test procedures is the lack of HEV designs available for vehicle testing. Argonne National Laboratory has tested hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) built by about 50 colleges and universities from 1994 to 1997 in annual vehicle engineering competitions sponsored in part by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). From this experience, the Laboratory has gathered information about the basics of HEV testing and issues important to successful characterization of HEVs. A collaboration between ANL and the Society of Automotive Engineer`s (SAE) HEV Test Procedure Task Force has helped guide the development of test protocols for their proposed procedures (draft SAE J1711) and test methods suited for DOE vehicle competitions. HEVs use an electrical energy storage device, which requires that HEV testing include more time and effort to deal with the effects of transient energy storage as the vehicle is operating in HEV mode. HEV operation with electric-only capability can be characterized by correcting the HEV mode data using results from electric-only operation. HEVs without electric-only capability require multiple tests conducted to form data correlations that enable the tester to find the result that corresponds to a zero net change in SOC. HEVs that operate with a net depletion of charge cannot be corrected for battery SOC and are characterized with emissions and fuel consumption results coupled with the electrical energy usage rate. 9 refs., 8 figs.

Duoba, M.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Fuel Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Support to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Support on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Support on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Support on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Support on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Support on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative

75

Effects of Vehicle Image in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Image in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles Reid R. HeffnerImage in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles Reid R. Heffner,6, 2005 Abstract Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) have image,

Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Ken; Turrentine, Tom

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Effects of Vehicle Image in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

6, 2005 Abstract Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) have image,Image in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles Reid R. HeffnerImage in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles Reid R. Heffner,

Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Kenneth S; Turrentine, Tom

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Failure modes in high-power lithium-ion batteries for use in hybrid electric vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BATTERIES FOR USE IN HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLES R. Kostecki,ion batteries for hybrid electric vehicles. Nine 18650-sizebatteries for hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) applications.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Incorporating stakeholders' perspectives into models of new technology diffusion: The case of fuel-cell vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the interest in hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and hydrogenfollowed by hybrid electric vehicles. G.O. Collantes /are replaced only by hybrid electric vehicles and hybrid

Collantes, Gustavo O

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

The future of electric two-wheelers and electric vehicles in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

s Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Program. SAE Hybrida regular gasoline hybrid electric vehicle (HEV), while theIn the global hybrid electric vehicle market, no automakers

Weinert, Jonathan X.; Ogden, Joan M.; Sperling, Dan; Burke, Andy

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Vehicle Technologies Office: Battery Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Battery Systems A hybrid vehicle uses two or more forms of energy to propel the vehicle. Many hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) sold today are referred to as "hybrids" because it...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vehicles hevs combine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Simulation of PSO Fuzzy Control Stratety for Regenerative Braking of HEV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on particle swarm optimization algorithm, a new fuzzy controller was constructed and a fuzzy control strategy of regenerative braking for HEV was proposed. A model of a parallel hybrid electric vehicle was built. The performance of the default ... Keywords: hybrid electric vehicle, fuzzy control, regenerative braking, particle swarm optimization

Wang Chun; Tang Lan

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Study of Shifting without Driving Force Interrupt for Double Electric Motor HEV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For traditional gearbox, the engine power is cut off while shifting, which will interrupt the power of power-train, make velocity down, affect the acceleration of up gear and lower the vehicle dynamic. A double electric motor hybrid electric vehicle ... Keywords: Double Electric Motor HEV, Shifting Without Driving Force Interrupt (SWDFI), Integrated Power-train

Wang Jiaxue; Wang Qingnian; Wang Weihua; Zeng Xiaohua; Li Chuan

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

An Energy Evolution: Alternative Fueled Vehicle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen #12;5 What is best for society? · Hybrid electric vehicles? (HEVs) · Plug-in hybrids? (PHEVs) Gasoline HEVs Fuel Cell Hybrid Electric Vehicle (FCEV) Gasoline PHEVs Ethanol PHEVs #12;11 Fuel Cell) · Biofuels? · Fuel cell electric vehicles? (FCEVs) · Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) ... .or all

84

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity - Medium and Heavy Duty Hybrid...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

an electric vehicle. Medium and heavy duty HEV testing results to date are posted below. Vehicle Testing Reports INL Hybrid Shuttle Busses INL Hybrid Shuttle Busses INL Hybrid...

85

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles - PHEV Modeling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

configurations for advanced vehicles. Thus, developing fuel cells and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) requires accurate, flexible simulation tools. Argonne undertook a...

86

HEV Fleet Testing Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

VIN # 1N4CL21E87C172351 Date Mileage Description Cost 10/22/2007 3,658 Changed oil $36.39 11/14/2007 7,562 Changed oil $36.39 12/4/2007 12,008 Changed oil $36.41 1/3/2008 15,418 Changed oil $42.31 1/24/2008 19,057 Changed oil $27.60 1/29/2008 19,109 Replaced one tire $82.13 3/4/2008 24,662 Changed oil and filter $35.84 4/8/2008 32,703 Changed oil and filter $27.85 4/30/2008 37,495 Changed oil and filter $27.91 5/21/2008 40,655 Replaced and balanced four tires $258.41 5/29/2008 44,833 Changed oil and filter $27.91 7/2/2008 53,778 Changed oil and filter $27.91 8/4/2008 62,686 Changed oil and filter, replaced air filter and cabin air filter, replaced coolant, and rotated tires $246.04 8/22/2008 66,967 Changed oil and filled windshield washer $41.30

87

HEV Fleet Testing Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lexus RX400h Lexus RX400h VIN # JTJHW31U160002575 Date Mileage Description Cost 7/27/2005 5,159 Changed oil no charge 10/5/2005 10,375 10K service $212.23 1/4/2006 15,835 Changed oil and rotated tires $18.21 4/11/2006 21,752 Changed oil and rotated tires $18.69 8/16/2006 26,957 Changed oil and rotated tires $18.69 9/7/2006 27,641 Replaced power switch on rear door Warranty 11/20/2006 29,275 13 trouble codes with install of data box - replaced auxiliary battery Warranty 12/13/2006 32,283 Changed oil and rotated tires $23.18 1/4/2007 36,620 Changed oil $32.38 1/26/2007 41,491 changed oil and replaced filter $55.78 2/19/2007 45,948 Changed oil $40.47 3/29/2007 57,021 Changed oil $31.78 4/20/2007 61,238 Changed oil $35.92 5/11/2007 66,417 Changed oil $33.28

88

HEV Fleet Testing Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

18R207400 Date Mileage Description Cost 7312008 7,363 Changed oil and filter and rotated tires 20.30 8222008 Purchased spare tire 362.43 10142008 22,316 Changed oil and...

89

HEV Fleet Testing Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Saturn Vue VIN 5GZCZ33Z37S813344 Date Mileage Description Cost 5162007 5,172 Changed oil and rotated tires 35.22 6212007 7,200 Passenger side window was shattered in...

90

HEV Fleet Testing Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

VIN 1N4CL21E27C177982 Date Mileage Description Cost 1312008 4,856 Changed oil 25.45 2182008 9,817 Changed oil 35.84 482008 18,289 Changed oil and filter 27.85 5272008...

91

HEV Fleet Testing Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

15,288 15K service 236.58 11132006 22,611 Changed oil 31.14 2162007 31,126 Changed oil, replaced filter, and changed transmission fluid 179.90 3122007 37,111 Safety...

92

HEV Fleet Testing Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

charging systems, and balanced and installed one tire 245.02 7182009 76,011 Changed oil and filter, replaced left motor mount and front shocks 637.33 7302009 85,718...

93

HEV Fleet Testing Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 Ford Escape 2WD 5 Ford Escape 2WD VIN # 1FMYU95H75KC45881 Date Mileage Description Cost 5/25/2005 6,707 Changed oil (5W20 synthetic) and purchased oil for three oil changes $105.47 7/15/2005 17,236 15K service $438.65 8/17/2005 22,221 Changed oil and rotated tires $27.44 9/26/2005 27,425 Changed oil and rotated tires $28.20 11/8/2005 32,703 30K service $211.63 11/25/2005 33,560 Repaired tire $20.00 1/12/2006 42,632 45K service (included: tire balancing, replacing fuel filter and replacing cabin filter) $274.16 3/8/2006 52,141 Changed oil and rotated tires $31.56 4/19/2006 59,883 60K service $317.80 4/19/2006 59,883 HV traction battery connection failed $262.50 5/17/2006 64,641 Changed oil and rotated tires $34.73 6/5/2006 66,059 Recall for absorbing materials being insufficient above forward corner of the interior headliner no charge

94

Energy Storage Systems Considerations for Grid-Charged Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper calculates battery power and energy requirements for grid-charged hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) with different operating strategies.

Markel, T.; Simpson, A.

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Development and design of a Z-Source Inverter for Electric Vehicle Applications Omar ELLABBAN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

vehicle (HEV), where the high-performance ZSI used to integrate both the fuel cell and the supercapacitor

Glineur, François

96

Impact of SiC Devices on Hybrid Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is the 2004 Toyota Prius HEV, the other is a plug-in HEV (PHEV), whose powertrain architecture is the same as that of the 2004 Toyota Prius HEV. The vehicle-level benefits from the introduction of the SiC devices is the 2004 Toyota Prius HEV, which has a split powertrain architecture shown in Fig. 1. The other is a plug

Tolbert, Leon M.

97

Hybrid Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Testing Activities  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) conducts hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) testing in order to provide benchmark data for technology modeling and research and development programs, and to be an independent source of test data for fleet managers and other early adaptors of advanced-technology vehicles. To date, the AVTA has completed baseline performance testing on 12 HEV models and accumulated 2.7 million fleet testing miles on 35 HEVs. The HEV baseline performance testing includes dynamometer and closed-track testing to document HEV performance in a controlled environment. During fleet testing, two of each HEV model accumulate 160,000 test miles within 36 months, during which maintenance and repair events and fuel use were recorded. Three models of PHEVs, from vehicle converters Energy CS and Hymotion and the original equipment manufacturer Renault, are currently in testing. The PHEV baseline performance testing includes 5 days of dynamometer testing with a minimum of 26 test drive cycles, including the Urban Dynamometer Driving Schedule, the Highway Fuel Economy Driving Schedule, and the US06 test cycle, in charge-depleting and charge-sustaining modes. The PHEV accelerated testing is conducted with dedicated drivers for 4,240 miles, over a series of 132 driving loops that range from 10 to 200 miles over various combinations of defined 10-mile urban and 10-mile highway loops, with 984 hours of vehicle charging. The AVTA is part of the U.S. Department of Energy’s FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program. These AVTA testing activities were conducted by the Idaho National Laboratory and Electric Transportation Applications, with dynamometer testing conducted at Argonne National Laboratory. This paper discusses the testing methods and results.

Donald Karner

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Hybrid  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Plug-In Electric Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Road Impact Fee Study to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Road Impact Fee Study on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Road Impact Fee Study on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Road Impact Fee Study on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Road Impact Fee Study on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Road Impact Fee Study on Digg

99

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Hybrid  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Plug-in Electric Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Registration Fees to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Registration Fees on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Registration Fees on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Registration Fees on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Registration Fees on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Registration Fees on Digg

100

Analysis of Ultracapacitors for Use in a Grid-Connected Hybrid Electric Vehicle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study assessed the benefits of combining the unique energy-storage capabilities of ultracapacitors with a grid-connected hybrid electric vehicle (HEV). Ultracapacitors reduce the peak power requirements of the power pack and could thus allow the use of alternate battery technologies with better cost and life cycle characteristics.

2002-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vehicles hevs combine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

The Evolution of Sustainable Personal Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ready Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle. D.O.E. Challenge X,FCHEV- fuel cell hybrid electric vehicle GHG- greenhouseuser interface HEV- hybrid electric vehicle ICE- internal

Jungers, Bryan D

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

A Library of SIMULINK Blocks for Real-Time Control of HEV Traction John Chiasson1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, researchers have considered several motor types including the DC motor, induction motor, permanent magnet (PM algorithms for the various types of motor drives considered for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs, and permanent magnet synchronous machines. This eliminates the need for specialized programming in C or assembly

Tolbert, Leon M.

103

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Laws & Incentives Laws & Incentives Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Parking - New Haven, CT to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Parking - New Haven, CT on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Parking - New Haven, CT on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Parking - New Haven, CT on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Parking - New Haven, CT on

104

Design and Control of the Propulsion System of a Series Hybrid Electric Vehicle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hybrid Electric Vehicles, HEV, are an attractive opportunity to use new energy sources in road transportation, not only to minimize fuel consumption but also to reduce air pollution. Efforts are being made to improve the HEV electrical subsystems, such ...

Patricia Caratozzolo; Manuel Canseco

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Hybrid Electric Vehicle  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Fuel and Alternative Fuel and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Emissions Testing Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Emissions Testing Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Emissions Testing Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Emissions Testing Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Emissions Testing Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Emissions Testing Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative

106

HEV Fleet Testing Operating Statistics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

calculated for this figure using mass air flow over dynamic vehicle operation. 2006 Toyota Highlander Hybrid Final Fleet Testing Results Operating Performance Cumulative MPG 1 :...

107

HEV Fleet Testing Operating Statistics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

calculated for this figure using mass air flow over dynamic vehicle operation. 2007 Toyota Camry Hybrid Final Fleet Testing Results Operating Performance Cumulative MPG 1 : 33.6...

108

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for HEVs /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs

109

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for HEVs /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Connecticut Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs

110

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for HEVs /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs

111

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for HEVs /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Virginia Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs

112

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for HEVs /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Washington Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs

113

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for HEVs /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Michigan Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs

114

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for HEVs /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Mississippi Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs

115

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for HEVs /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Colorado Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs

116

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for HEVs /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Minnesota Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs

117

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for HEVs /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Louisiana Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs

118

Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for HEVs /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type California Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs

119

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for HEVs /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Illinois Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs

120

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for HEVs /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Maryland Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vehicles hevs combine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for HEVs /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs

122

Effect of Temperature on Lithium-Iron Phosphate Battery Performance and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Range.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Increasing pressure from environmental, political and economic sources are driving the development of an electric vehicle powertrain. The advent of hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in… (more)

Lo, Joshua

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

High Power SiC Modules for HEVs and PHEVs  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

With efforts to reduce the cost, size, and thermal management systems for the power electronics drivetrain in hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), wide band gap semiconductors including silicon carbide (SiC) have been identified as possibly being a partial solution. Research on SiC power electronics has shown their higher efficiency compared to Si power electronics due to significantly lower conduction and switching losses. This paper focuses on the development of a high power module based on SiC JFETs and Schottky diodes. Characterization of a single device, a module developed using the same device, and finally an inverter built using the modules is presented. When tested at moderate load levels compared to the inverter rating, an efficiency of 98.2% was achieved by the initial prototype.

Chinthavali, Madhu Sudhan [ORNL; Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL; Zhang, Hui [ORNL; Han, Jung H [ORNL; Barlow, Fred D. [University of Idaho; Ozpineci, Burak [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Ultracapacitor Applications and Evaluation for Hybrid Electric Vehicles (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Describes the use of ultracapacitors in advanced hybrid and electric vehicles and discusses thermal and electrical testing of lithium ion capacitors for HEV applications.

Pesaran, A.; Gonder, J.; Keyser, M.

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

An Ultracapacitor - Battery Energy Storage System for Hybrid Electric Vehicles.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The nickel metal hydride (NiMH) batteries used in most hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) provide satisfactory performance but are quite expensive. In spite of their lower… (more)

Stienecker, Adam W

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Control Strategy Based on Power Loss Calculations.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Defining an operation strategy for a Split Parallel Architecture (SPA) Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) is accomplished through calculating powertrain component losses. The results of these… (more)

Boyd, Steven J

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

HEV Fleet Testing Maintenance Sheet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

U520038836 Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Date Mileage Description Cost 8-Aug 11,142 Oil change 35.44 11-Oct 14,133 Rear Bumper damaged in collision (not included in...

128

HEV Fleet Testing Maintenance Sheet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bicyclist rams vehicle denting hood. Damage not repaired. (not included in maintenance costs) ---- 10292002 9,594 Oil change 20.67 1242003 12,953 Oil change 20.67 623...

129

HEV Fleet Testing - Toyota Prius  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transmission See HEVAmerica Baseline Performance Fact Sheet for more information. 2001 Toyota Prius VIN JT2BK12U310035828 Vehicle Specifications VINJT2BK12U310035828 0 10 20 30...

130

HEV Fleet Testing - Toyota Prius  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transmission See HEVAmerica Baseline Performance Fact Sheet for more information. 2002 Toyota Prius VIN JT2BK18U820042105 Vehicle Specifications VIN JT2BK18U820042105 0 10 20 30...

131

HEV Fleet Testing - Toyota Prius  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transmission See HEVAmerica Baseline Performance Fact Sheet for more information. 2002 Toyota Prius VIN JT2BK18U720044279 Vehicle Specifications VIN JT2BK18U720044279 0 10 20 30...

132

HEV Fleet Testing - Toyota Prius  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transmission See HEVAmerica Baseline Performance Fact Sheet for more information. 2002 Toyota Prius VIN JT2BK18U520038836 Vehicle Specifications VIN JT2BK18U520038836 0 10 20 30...

133

Hybrid & electric vehicle technology and its market feasibility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV), Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) and Electric Vehicle (EV) technology and their sales forecasts are discussed. First, the current limitations and the future potential ...

Jeon, Sang Yeob

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

P1.2 -- Hybrid Electric Vehicle and Lithium Polymer NEV Testing  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity tests hybrid electric, pure electric, and other advanced technology vehicles. As part of this testing, 28 hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) are being tested in fleet, dynamometer, and closed track environments. This paper discusses some of the HEV test results, with an emphasis on the battery performance of the HEVs. It also discusses the testing results for a small electric vehicle with a lithium polymer traction battery.

J. Francfort

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Fuel Cell and Battery Electric Vehicles Compared By C. E. (Sandy) Thomas, Ph.D., President  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reduction goals1 . As shown in Figure 1, hybrid electric vehicles (HEV's) and plugin hybrid electric electric vehicle; H2 ICE HEV = hydrogen internal combustion engine hybrid electric vehicle) C.E. Thomas Fuel Cell and Battery Electric Vehicles Compared By C. E. (Sandy) Thomas, Ph.D., President H2Gen

136

Hybrid Vehicle Comparison Testing Using Ultracapacitor vs. Battery Energy Storage (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

With support from General Motors, NREL researchers converted and tested a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) with three energy storage configurations: a nickel metal-hydride battery and two ultracapacitor (Ucap) modules. They found that the HEV equipped with one Ucap module performed as well as or better than the HEV with a stock NiMH battery configuration. Thus, Ucaps could increase the market penetration and fuel savings of HEVs.

Gonder, J.; Pesaran, A.; Lustbader, J.; Tataria, H.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Learning from Consumers: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Demonstration and Consumer Education, Outreach, and Market Research Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vehicles: What Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) Mean and Whys early market for hybrid electric vehicles. TransportationDriving Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Reports from U.S.

Kurani, Kenneth S; Axsen, Jonn; Caperello, Nicolette; Davies, Jamie; Stillwater, Tai

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Hybrid Electric Vehicles | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

fuel economy and low emissions with the power, range, and convenience of conventional diesel and gasoline fueling. HEV technologies also have potential to be combined with...

139

Battery management system for Li-Ion batteries in hybrid electric vehicles.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The Battery Management System (BMS) is the component responsible for the effcient and safe usage of a Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) battery pack. Its main… (more)

Marangoni, Giacomo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Public policies for hybrid-electric vehicles| The impact of government incentives on consumer adoption.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This dissertation examines the outcomes and effectiveness of public policies designed to promote the adoption of hybrid-electric vehicles (HEVs). As a primary methodology, I… (more)

Diamond, David B.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vehicles hevs combine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Real-time power management of parallel full hybrid electric vehicles.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Lastly, the fuel saving capability of the HEV through intelligent driving was investigated. The intelligent vehicle velocity modification algorithm proposed by Manzie et al. is… (more)

Adhikari, Sunil

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Development of simulation tools, control strategies, and a hybrid vehicle prototype .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis (1) reports the development of simulation tools and control strategies for optimizing hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) energy management, and (2) reports the design… (more)

Pei, Dekun

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Public Policies for Hybrid-Electric Vehicles: The Impact of Government Incentives on Consumer Adoption .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation examines the outcomes and effectiveness of public policies designed to promote the adoption of hybrid-electric vehicles (HEVs). As a primary methodology, I employ… (more)

Diamond, David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Shortest Path Stochastic Control for Hybrid Electric Vehicles , J.W. Grizzle2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 of 28 Shortest Path Stochastic Control for Hybrid Electric Vehicles Ed Tate1 , J.W. Grizzle2 , Huei Peng3 Abstract: When a Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) is certified for emissions and fuel economy this is the Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) which consists of an electric powertrain coupled to a conventional

Grizzle, Jessy W.

145

Symbolism in California’s Early Market for Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1. Why would anyone buy a hybrid electric vehicle? FirstUS in 1999, hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) are a radicalearly market for hybrid electric vehicles Reid R. He?ner * ,

Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Kenneth S; Turrentine, Tom

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Field Operations Program Toyota Prius Hybrid Electric Vehicle...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

vehicle. Unlike electric vehicles, where a kilowatt- hour meter can accurately measure energy flows, the energy use of a Prius type of HEV (non-grid connected) is determined by...

147

Optimally controlling hybrid electric vehicles using path forecasting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) with path-forecasting belong to the class of fuel efficient vehicles, which use external sensory information and powertrains with multiple operating modes in order to increase fuel economy. ...

Katsargyri, Georgia-Evangelina

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

A Development of Design and Control Methodology for Next Generation Parallel Hybrid Electric Vehicle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commercially available Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) have been around for more than ten years. However, their market share remains small. Focusing only on the improvement of fuel economy, the design tends to reduce the size of the internal combustion engine in the HEV, and uses the electrical drive to compensate for the power gap between the load demand and the engine capacity. Unfortunately, the low power density and the high cost of the combined electric motor drive and battery packs dictate that the HEV has either worse performance or much higher price than the conventional vehicle. In this research, a new design philosophy for parallel HEV is proposed, which uses a full size engine to guarantee the vehicle performance at least as good as the conventional vehicle, and hybridizes with an electrical drive in parallel to improve the fuel economy and performance beyond the conventional cars. By analyzing the HEV fuel economy versus the increasing of the electrical drive power on typical driving conditions, the optimal hybridization electric power capacity is determined. Thus, the full size engine HEV shows significant improvement in fuel economy and performance, with relatively short cost recovery period. A new control strategy, which optimizes the fuel economy of parallel configured charge sustained hybrid electric vehicles, is proposed in the second part of this dissertation. This new approach is a constrained engine on-off strategy, which has been developed from the two extreme control strategies of maximum SOC and engine on-off, by taking their advantages and overcoming their disadvantages. A system optimization program using dynamic programming algorithm has been developed to calibrate the control parameters used in the developed control strategy, so that the control performance can be as close to the optimal solution as possible. In order to determine the sensitivity of the new control strategy to different driving conditions, a passenger car is simulated on different driving cycles. The performances of the vehicle with the new control strategy are compared with the optimal solution obtained on each driving condition with the dynamic programming optimization. The simulation result shows that the new control strategy always keeps its performance close to the optimal one, as the driving condition changes.

Lai, Lin

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Idle Stop Vehicle Testing Downloadable Dynamometer Database  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV) PHEV EREV Charge Sustaining (CS) Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Fuel Cell vehicle terminology map for SAE J1715 Increased electric power and energy Increasedelectricpowerandenergy #12;Note: Manual Transmission Vehicle Shift schedules for Dynamometers Most cars in the US use

Kemner, Ken

150

Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles - Status 2005  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Commercial availability of advanced battery systems that meet the cost, performance, and durability requirements of electric drive vehicles (EDVs) is a crucial challenge to the growth of markets for these vehicles. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) are a subset of the family of EDVs, which include battery electric vehicles (BEVs), power assist hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), and fuel cell vehicles. This study evaluates the state of advanced battery technology, presents u...

2005-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

151

Vehicles  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) supports the development and deployment of advanced vehicle technologies, including advances in electric vehicles, engine efficiency, and lightweight materials....

152

Vehicle Technologies Office: Energy Storage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Storage Energy Storage Improving the batteries for electric drive vehicles, including hybrid electric (HEV) and plug-in electric (PEV) vehicles, is key to improving vehicles' economic, social, and environmental sustainability. In fact, transitioning to a light-duty fleet of HEVs and PEVs could reduce U.S. foreign oil dependence by 30-60% and greenhouse gas emissions by 30-45%, depending on the exact mix of technologies. For a general overview of electric drive vehicles, see the DOE's Alternative Fuel Data Center's pages on Hybrid and Plug-in Electric Vehicles and Vehicle Batteries. While a number of electric drive vehicles are available on the market, further improvements in batteries could make them more affordable and convenient to consumers. In addition to light-duty vehicles, some heavy-duty manufacturers are also pursuing hybridization of medium and heavy-duty vehicles to improve fuel economy and reduce idling.

153

Model-Based Analysis of Electric Drive Options for Medium-Duty Parcel Delivery Vehicles: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Medium-duty vehicles are used in a broad array of fleet applications, including parcel delivery. These vehicles are excellent candidates for electric drive applications due to their transient-intensive duty cycles, operation in densely populated areas, and relatively high fuel consumption and emissions. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) conducted a robust assessment of parcel delivery routes and completed a model-based techno-economic analysis of hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicle configurations. First, NREL characterized parcel delivery vehicle usage patterns, most notably daily distance driven and drive cycle intensity. Second, drive-cycle analysis results framed the selection of drive cycles used to test a parcel delivery HEV on a chassis dynamometer. Next, measured fuel consumption results were used to validate simulated fuel consumption values derived from a dynamic model of the parcel delivery vehicle. Finally, NREL swept a matrix of 120 component size, usage, and cost combinations to assess impacts on fuel consumption and vehicle cost. The results illustrated the dependency of component sizing on drive-cycle intensity and daily distance driven and may allow parcel delivery fleets to match the most appropriate electric drive vehicle to their fleet usage profile.

Barnitt, R. A.; Brooker, A. D.; Ramroth, L.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Combining a New Vehicle Fuel Economy Standard with a Cap-and-Trade Policy: Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Combining a New Vehicle Fuel Economy Standard with a Cap-and-Trade Policy: Energy and Economic coordinated design of future climate and energy policy. In this work we use a computable general equilibrium No. 217 May 2012 #12;The MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change

155

Optimal Control of Hybrid Electric Vehicles Based on Pontryagin's Minimum Principle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimal Control of Hybrid Electric Vehicles Based on Pontryagin's Minimum Principle Namwook Kim. INTRODUCTION he optimal control of HEVs (Hybrid Electric Vehicles) is an important topic not only because, Sukwon Cha, Huei Peng Abstract - A number of strategies for the power management of HEVs (Hybrid Electric

Peng, Huei

156

Market Feasibility for Nickel Metal Hyride and Other Advanced Electric Vehicle Batteries in Selected Stationary Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Governments in the United States and other countries, as well as the automotive, battery, and utility industries, have spent millions to demonstrate the viability of next generation of batteries for electric vehicles (EVs) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). An important question remains unanswered: "What value might these EV and HEV batteries add when employed in stationary and secondary use applications?"

2000-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

157

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity - HEV Fleet Testing - 2003...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

splash shield came off 187.22 722004 131,120 15K service 240.00 7292004 133,706 Safety restrain light is on, left front inflator inop 892004 135,324 Changed oil, rotated...

158

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity - HEV Fleet Testing - 2003...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

55.54 9142004 140,343 30K service - Replaced front motor mount and driver side motor mount 794.90 10252004 145,516 Changed oil, rotated tires 24.34 12162004...

159

EV America: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Technical Specifications...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

shall be designed and constructed such that there is complete containment of the flywheel energy storage system during all modes of operation. Additionally, flywheels and...

160

HEV America Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity - 2002 Toyota Prius...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

inches Rear Window Defroster 1 State-Of-Charge Meter TIRES Low Rolling Resistance Tires Tire Mfg: Bridgestone BATTERY Tire Model: Potenza Tire Size: P17565R14 Manufacturer:...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vehicles hevs combine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

HEV America - 2003 Honda Civic Hybrid Electric Vehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

inches Rear Window Defroster 1 State-Of-Charge Meter TIRES Low Rolling Resistance Tires Tire Mfg: Dunlop BATTERY Tire Model: SP20 FE Tire Size: 18570R14 Manufacturer: Panasonic EV...

162

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Fleet and Baseline Performance Testing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) conducts baseline performance and fleet testing of hybrid electric vehicles (HEV). To date, the AVTA has completed baseline performance testing on seven HEV models and accumulated 1.4 million fleet testing miles on 26 HEVs. The HEV models tested or in testing include: Toyota Gen I and Gen II Prius, and Highlander; Honda Insight, Civic and Accord; Chevrolet Silverado; Ford Escape; and Lexus RX 400h. The baseline performance testing includes dynamometer and closed track testing to document the HEV’s fuel economy (SAE J1634) and performance in a controlled environment. During fleet testing, two of each HEV model are driven to 160,000 miles per vehicle within 36 months, during which maintenance and repair events, and fuel use is recorded and used to compile life-cycle costs. At the conclusion of the 160,000 miles of fleet testing, the SAE J1634 tests are rerun and each HEV battery pack is tested. These AVTA testing activities are conducted by the Idaho National Laboratory, Electric Transportation Applications, and Exponent Failure Analysis Associates. This paper discusses the testing methods and results.

J. Francfort; D. Karner

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

The prospects for hybrid electric vehicles, 2005-2020 : results of a Delphi Study.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The introduction of Toyota's hybrid electric vehicle (HEV), the Prius, in Japan has generated considerable interest in HEV technology among US automotive experts. In a follow-up survey to Argonne National Laboratory's two-stage Delphi Study on electric and hybrid electric vehicles (EVs and HEVs) during 1994-1996, Argonne researchers gathered the latest opinions of automotive experts on the future ''top-selling'' HEV attributes and costs. The experts predicted that HEVs would have a spark-ignition gasoline engine as a power plant in 2005 and a fuel cell power plant by 2020. The projected 2020 fuel shares were about equal for gasoline and hydrogen, with methanol a distant third. In 2020, HEVs are predicted to have series-drive, moderate battery-alone range and cost significantly more than conventional vehicles (CVs). The HEV is projected to cost 66% more than a $20,000 CV initially and 33% more by 2020. Survey respondents view batteries as the component that contributes the most to the HEV cost increment. The mean projection for battery-alone range is 49 km in 2005, 70 km in 2010, and 92 km in 2020. Responding to a question relating to their personal vision of the most desirable HEV and its likely characteristics when introduced in the US market in the next decade, the experts predicted their ''vision'' HEV to have attributes very similar to those of the ''top-selling'' HEV. However, the ''vision'' HEV would cost significantly less. The experts projected attributes of three leading batteries for HEVs and projected acceleration times on battery power alone. The resulting battery packs are evaluated, and their initial and replacement costs are analyzed. These and several other opinions are summarized.

Ng, H. K.; Santini, D. J.; Vyas, A. D.

1999-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

164

Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for HEVs /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type New Jersey Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs

165

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Oregon Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs The list below contains summaries of all Oregon laws and incentives related

166

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alabama Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs The list below contains summaries of all Alabama laws and incentives

167

Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia Laws and Incentives for HEVs /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type West Virginia Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs

168

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Arizona Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs The list below contains summaries of all Arizona laws and incentives

169

Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for HEVs /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type New Mexico Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs

170

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Florida Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs The list below contains summaries of all Florida laws and incentives

171

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Vermont Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs The list below contains summaries of all Vermont laws and incentives

172

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Georgia Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs The list below contains summaries of all Georgia laws and incentives

173

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Indiana Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs The list below contains summaries of all Indiana laws and incentives

174

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Nevada Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs The list below contains summaries of all Nevada laws and incentives related

175

Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for HEVs  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type North Carolina Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs

176

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Maine Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs The list below contains summaries of all Maine laws and incentives related

177

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Federal Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs The list below contains summaries of all Federal laws and incentives

178

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Idaho Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs The list below contains summaries of all Idaho laws and incentives related

179

Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for HEVs /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type New York Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs

180

Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Carolina Laws and Incentives for HEVs  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Carolina Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Carolina Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Carolina Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Carolina Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Carolina Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Carolina Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type South Carolina Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vehicles hevs combine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail HEVs / PHEVs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Utah Laws and Incentives for HEVs / PHEVs The list below contains summaries of all Utah laws and incentives related

182

Path dependent receding horizon control policies for hybrid electric vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Future hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) may use path-dependent operating policies to improve fuel economy. In our previous work, we developed a dynamic programming (DP) algorithm for prescribing the battery state of charge ...

Kolmanovsky, Ilya V.

183

Route-Based Control of Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Today's hybrid electric vehicle controls cannot always provide maximum fuel savings over all drive cycles. Route-based controls could improve HEV fuel efficiency by 2%-4% and help save nearly 6.5 million gallons of fuel annually.

Gonder, J. D.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

NREL: Vehicles and Fuels Research - Energy Storage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Research Search More Search Options Site Map NREL's Energy Storage Project is leading the charge on battery thermal management, modeling, and systems solutions to enhance the performance of fuel cell, hybrid electric, and electric vehicles (FCVs, HEVs, and EVs) for a cleaner, more secure transportation future. NREL's experts work closely with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), industry, and automotive manufacturers to improve energy storage devices, such as battery modules and ultracapacitors, by enhancing their thermal performance and life-cycle cost. Activities also involve modeling and simulation to evaluate technical targets and energy storage parameters, and investigating combinations of energy storage systems to increase vehicle efficiency. Much of this research is conducted at our state-of-the-art energy storage

185

Impact of SiC Devices on Hybrid Electric and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The application of SiC devices (as battery interface, motor controller, etc.) in a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) will benefit from their high-temperature capability, high-power density, and high efficiency. Moreover, the light weight and small volume will affect the whole power train system in a HEV, and thus performance and cost. In this work, the performance of HEVs is analyzed using PSAT (powertrain system analysis tool, vehicle simulation software). Power loss models of a SiC inverter are incorporated into PSAT powertrain models in order to study the impact of SiC devices on HEVs. Two types of HEVs are considered. One is the 2004 Toyota Prius HEV, the other is a plug-in HEV (PHEV), whose powertrain architecture is the same as that of the 2004 Toyota Prius HEV. The vehicle-level benefits from the introduction of the SiC devices are demonstrated by simulations. Not only the power loss in the motor controller but also those in other components in the vehicle powertrain are reduced. As a result, the system efficiency is improved and the vehicles consume less energy and emit less harmful gases. It also makes it possible to improve the system compactness with simplified thermal management system. For the PHEV, the benefits are more distinct. Especially, the size of battery bank can be reduced for optimum design.

Zhang, Hui [ORNL; Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL; Ozpineci, Burak [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Heavy Vehicle Systems, Int. J. of Vehicle Design, Vol. 11, Nos. 3/4, 2004 349 Modelling and control of a medium-duty hybrid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

engine. Keywords: electric vehicles, electric-vehicle simulation, hybrid electric vehicles, hybrid-duty hybrid electric truck', Int. J. of Heavy Vehicle Systems, Vol. 11, Nos. 3/4, pp. 349­370. 1 Introduction. Hybrid-electric vehicles (HEV) appear to be one of the most viable technologies with significant

Peng, Huei

187

TTRDC - Light Duty E-Drive Vehicles Monthly Sales Updates  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Light Duty Electric Drive Vehicles Monthly Sales Updates Currently available electric-drive vehicles (EDV) in the U.S market include hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), and all electric vehicles (AEV). Plug-in Vehicles (PEV) include both PHEV and AEV. HEVs debuted in the U.S. market in December 1999 with 17 sales of the first-generation Honda Insight, while the first PHEV (Chevrolet Volt) and AEV (Nissan Leaf) most recently debuted in December 2010. Electric drive vehicles are offered in several car and SUV models, and a few pickup and van models. Historical sales of HEV, PHEV, and AEV are compiled by Argonne's Center for Transportation Research and reported to the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technology Program Office each month. These sales are shown in Figures 1, 2 and 3. Figure 1 shows monthly new PHEV and AEV sales by model. Figure 2 shows yearly new HEV sales by model. Figure 3 shows electric drive vehicles sales share of total light-duty vehicle (LDV) sales since 1999. Figure 4 shows HEV and PEV sales change with gasoline price..

188

Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales: December 2010 - June 2013 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales: December 2010 - June Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales: December 2010 - June 2013 Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales: December 2010 - June 2013 Sales data for various models of electric and hybrid electric vehicles from December 2010 through June 2013. 062010-092013_EV_HEV Sales.xlsx Description Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales: December 2010 - June 2013 (Excel) 062010-092013_EV_HEV Sales.csv Description Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales: December 2010 - June 2013 (CSV) 062010-092013_EV_HEV Sales.jpeg Description Chart of Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales: December 2010 - June 2013 (JPG) More Documents & Publications Federal Reporting Recipient Information Natural Gas Imports and Exports - Second Quarter Report 2013 Federal Reporting Recipient Information

189

hybrid electric vehicle and lithium polymer nev testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

P1.2 - Hybrid Electric Vehicle and Lithium Polymer NEV Testing P1.2 - Hybrid Electric Vehicle and Lithium Polymer NEV Testing James Edward Francfort Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Idaho National Laboratory P.O. Box 1625, Idaho Falls, ID. 83415-3830 james.francfort@inl.gov Abstract: The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity tests hybrid electric, pure electric, and other advanced technology vehicles. As part of this testing, 28 hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) are being tested in fleet, dynamometer, and closed track environments. This paper discusses some of the HEV test results, with an emphasis on the battery performance of the HEVs. It also discusses the testing results for a small electric vehicle with a lithium polymer traction battery. Keywords: hybrid; neighborhood; electric; battery; fuel;

190

Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales: December 2010 - June 2013 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales: December 2010 - June Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales: December 2010 - June 2013 Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales: December 2010 - June 2013 Sales data for various models of electric and hybrid electric vehicles from December 2010 through June 2013. 062010-092013_EV_HEV Sales.xlsx Description Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales: December 2010 - June 2013 (Excel) 062010-092013_EV_HEV Sales.csv Description Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales: December 2010 - June 2013 (CSV) 062010-092013_EV_HEV Sales.jpeg Description Chart of Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales: December 2010 - June 2013 (JPG) More Documents & Publications Federal Reporting Recipient Information Natural Gas Imports and Exports - Second Quarter Report 2013 Federal Reporting Recipient Information

191

Testing hybrid electric vehicle emissions and fuel economy at the 1994 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Challenge  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

From June 12--20, 1994, an engineering design competition called the 1994 Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Challenge was held in Southfield, Michigan. This collegiate-level competition, which involved 36 colleges and universities from across North America, challenged the teams to build a superior HEV. One component of this comprehensive competition was the emissions event. Special HEV testing procedures were developed for the competition to find vehicle emissions and correct for battery state-of-charge while fitting into event time constraints. Although there were some problems with a newly-developed data acquisition system, they were able to get a full profile of the best performing vehicles as well as other vehicles that represent typical levels of performance from the rest of the field. This paper will explain the novel test procedures, present the emissions and fuel economy results, and provide analysis of second-by-second data for several vehicles.

Duoba, M.; Quong, S.; LeBlanc, N.; Larsen, R.P.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Heavy and Overweight Vehicle Brake Testing: Five-Axle Combination Tractor-Flatbed Final Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, in coordination with the Federal Highway Administration, sponsored the Heavy and Overweight Vehicle Brake Testing (HOVBT) program in order to provide information about the effect of gross vehicle weight (GVW) on braking performance. Because the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations limit the number of braking system defects that may exist for a vehicle to be allowed to operate on the roadways, the examination of the effect of brake defects on brake performance for increased loads is also relevant. The HOVBT program seeks to provide relevant information to policy makers responsible for establishing load limits, beginning with providing test data for a combination tractor/trailer. This testing was conducted on a five-axle combination vehicle with tractor brakes meeting the Reduced Stopping Distance requirement rulemaking. This report provides a summary of the testing activities, the results of various analyses of the data, and recommendations for future research. Following a complete brake rebuild, instrumentation, and brake burnish, stopping tests were performed from 20 and 40 mph with various brake application pressures (15 psi, 25 psi, 35 psi, 45 psi, 55 psi, and full system pressure). These tests were conducted for various brake conditions at the following GVWs: 60,000, 80,000, 91,000, 97,000, 106,000, and 116,000 lb. The 80,000-lb GVWs included both balanced and unbalanced loads. The condition of the braking system was also varied. To introduce these defects, brakes (none, forward drive axle, or rear trailer axle) were made inoperative. In addition to the stopping tests, performance-based brake tests were conducted for the various loading and brake conditions. Analysis of the stopping test data showed the stopping distance to increase with load (as expected) and also showed that more braking force was generated by the drive axle brakes than the trailer axle brakes. The constant-pressure stopping test data revealed a linear relationship between brake application pressure and was used to develop an algorithm to normalize stopping data for weight and initial speed.

Lascurain, Mary Beth [ORNL] ORNL; Capps, Gary J [ORNL] ORNL; Franzese, Oscar [ORNL] ORNL

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Combined quasi-static backward modeling and look-ahead fuzzy control of vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vehicle modeling can play an important role in vehicle power train design, control and energy management investigation. This paper presents a method for vehicle power train modeling. The key feature of the method is its presentation of the dynamic of ... Keywords: Fuzzy logic, Look-ahead controller, Power train vehicle modeling, Quasi-static backward facing, Simulation

Behnam Ganji; Abbas Z. Kouzani

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles (Brochure), Vehicle Technologies Program (VTP)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Hybrid and plug-in electric vehicles Hybrid and plug-in electric vehicles use electricity as their primary fuel or to improve the efficiency of conventional vehicle designs. This new generation of vehicles, often called electric drive vehicles, can be divided into three cat- egories: hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), and all-electric vehicles (EVs). Together, they have great potential to reduce U.S. petroleum use. Hybrid Electric Vehicles HEVs are powered by an internal combus- tion engine or other propulsion source that runs on conventional or alternative fuel and an electric motor that uses energy stored in a battery. The extra power provided by the electric motor allows for a smaller engine, resulting in better fuel

195

Vehicle Technologies Office: Plug-in Electric Vehicle Basics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Basics Basics Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs), which include both plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and all-electric vehicles, use electricity as either their primary fuel or to improve efficiency. Commonly Used PEV Terms All-electric vehicle (AEV) - A vehicle with plug-in capability; driving energy comes entirely from its battery. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) - A vehicle with plug-in capability; driving energy can come from either its battery or a liquid fuel like gasoline, diesel, or biofuels. Plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) - Any vehicle with plug-in capability. This includes AEVs and PHEVs. Hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) - A vehicle that has an electric drive system and battery but does not have plug-in capability; driving energy comes only from liquid fuel.

196

High-Temperature High-Power Packaging Techniques for HEV Traction Applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A key issue associated with the wider adoption of hybrid-electric vehicles (HEV) and plug in hybrid-electric vehicles (PHEV) is the implementation of the power electronic systems that are required in these products. One of the primary industry goals is the reduction in the price of these vehicles relative to the cost of traditional gasoline powered vehicles. Today these systems, such as the Prius, utilize one coolant loop for the engine at approximately 100 C coolant temperatures, and a second coolant loop for the inverter at 65 C. One way in which significant cost reduction of these systems could be achieved is through the use of a single coolant loop for both the power electronics as well as the internal combustion engine (ICE). This change in coolant temperature significantly increases the junction temperatures of the devices and creates a number of challenges for both device fabrication and the assembly of these devices into inverters and converters for HEV and PHEV applications. Traditional power modules and the state-of-the-art inverters in the current HEV products, are based on chip and wire assembly and direct bond copper (DBC) on ceramic substrates. While a shift to silicon carbide (SiC) devices from silicon (Si) devices would allow the higher operating temperatures required for a single coolant loop, it also creates a number of challenges for the assembly of these devices into power inverters. While this traditional packaging technology can be extended to higher temperatures, the key issues are the substrate material and conductor stability, die bonding material, wire bonds, and bond metallurgy reliability as well as encapsulation materials that are stable at high operating temperatures. The larger temperature differential during power cycling, which would be created by higher coolant temperatures, places tremendous stress on traditional aluminum wire bonds that are used to interconnect power devices. Selection of the bond metallurgy and wire bond geometry can play a key role in mitigating this stress. An alternative solution would be to eliminate the wire bonds completely through a fundamentally different method of forming a reliable top side interconnect. Similarly, the solders used in most power modules exhibit too low of a liquidus to be viable solutions for maximum junction temperatures of 200 C. Commonly used encapsulation materials, such as silicone gels, also suffer from an inability to operate at 200 C for extended periods of time. Possible solutions to these problems exist in most cases but require changes to the traditional manufacturing process used in these modules. In addition, a number of emerging technologies such as Si nitride, flip-chip assembly methods, and the elimination of base-plates would allow reliable module development for operation of HEV and PHEV inverters at elevated junction temperatures.

Elshabini, Aicha [University of Idaho; Barlow, Fred D. [University of Idaho

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Influence of Electric Vehicles Connected to the Grid Guangbin Li (gl2423) Influence of Electric Vehicles Connected to the Grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from both batteries and petrol stored, called Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV); and those that useInfluence of Electric Vehicles Connected to the Grid Guangbin Li (gl2423) 1/13 Influence of Electric Vehicles Connected to the Grid Guangbin Li (gl2423) 1. Introduction 1.1 Background of electric

Lavaei, Javad

198

Methodology for combined Integration of electric vehicles and distributed resources into the electric grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Plug-in electric vehicles and distributed generation are expected to appear in growing numbers over the next few decades. Large scale unregulated penetration of plug-in electric vehicles and distributed generation can each ...

Gunter, Samantha Joellyn

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

2011 Hyundai Sonata 4932 - Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Program consists of vehicle, battery, and infrastructure testing on advanced technology related to transportation. The activity includes tests on hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), including testing the HEV batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of on-road fleet testing. This report documents battery testing performed for the 2011 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid HEV (VIN KMHEC4A43BA004932). Battery testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation dba ECOtality North America. The Idaho National Laboratory and ECOtality North America collaborate on the AVTA for the Vehicle Technologies Program of the DOE.

Tyler Gray; Matthew Shirk; Jeffrey Wishart

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Electric Energy and Power Consumption by Light-Duty Plug-in Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.S. roads alone by 2015. PEVs-- either plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) or pure electric vehicles (EVs)--adopt similar drivetrain configurations as hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) [21 Electric Energy and Power Consumption by Light-Duty Plug-in Electric Vehicles Di Wu, Student

Tesfatsion, Leigh

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vehicles hevs combine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Technology Improvement Pathways to Cost-Effective Vehicle Electrification  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Electrifying transportation can reduce or eliminate dependence on foreign fuels, emission of green house gases, and emission of pollutants. One challenge is finding a pathway for vehicles that gains wide market acceptance to achieve a meaningful benefit. This paper evaluates several approaches aimed at making plug-in electric vehicles (EV) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) cost-effective including opportunity charging, replacing the battery over the vehicle life, improving battery life, reducing battery cost, and providing electric power directly to the vehicle during a portion of its travel. Many combinations of PHEV electric range and battery power are included. For each case, the model accounts for battery cycle life and the national distribution of driving distances to size the battery optimally. Using the current estimates of battery life and cost, only the dynamically plugged-in pathway was cost-effective to the consumer. Significant improvements in battery life and battery cost also made PHEVs more cost-effective than today's hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and conventional internal combustion engine vehicles (CVs).

Brooker, A.; Thornton, M.; Rugh, J. P.

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

An analysis of hybrid-electric vehicles as the car of the future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis will examine the validity of the benefits of the Hybrid-Electric Vehicle (HEV). With the recent focus on energy initiatives, reflected through Bush's state of the union, as well as President Hockfield's MIT ...

Kang, Heejay

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

he electrification of passenger vehicles has the potential to address three of the most critical  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

exist for helping to achieve these goals. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), such as the Toyota Prius. Larger PHEV batteries enable longer electric travel between charges. The PHEV version of the Prius has

McGaughey, Alan

204

Dynamometer tests of the Ford Ecostar Electric Vehicle No. 41  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A Ford Ecostar vehicle was tested in the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Laboratory over several standard driving regimes. The test vehicle was delivered to the INEL in February 19, 1995 under the DOE sponsored Modular Electric Vehicle Program. This report presents the results of several dynamometer driving cycle tests and a constant current discharge, and presents observations regarding the vehicle state-of-charge indicator and remaining range indicator.

Cole, G.H.; Richardson, R.A.; Yarger, E.J.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Advanced Batteries for Electric-Drive Vehicles: A Technology and Cost-Effectiveness Assessment for Battery Electric Vehicles, Power Assist Hybrid Electric Vehicles, and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Availability of affordable advanced battery technology is a crucial challenge to the growth of the electric-drive vehicle (EDV) market. This study assesses the state of advanced battery technology for EDVs, which include battery electric vehicles (BEVs), power assist hybrid electric vehicles (HEV 0s -- hybrids without electric driving range), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), and fuel cell vehicles. The first part of this study presents assessments of current battery performance and cycle life ca...

2004-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

206

Simulated comparisons of emissions and fuel efficiency of diesel and gasoline hybrid electric vehicles  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents details and results of hybrid and plug-in hybrid electric passenger vehicle (HEV and PHEV) simulations that account for the interaction of thermal transients from drive cycle demands and engine start/stop events with aftertreatment devices and their associated fuel penalties. The simulations were conducted using the Powertrain Systems Analysis Toolkit (PSAT) software developed by Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) combined with aftertreatment component models developed at Oak Ridge National Lab (ORNL). A three-way catalyst model is used in simulations of gasoline powered vehicles while a lean NOx trap model in used to simulated NOx reduction in diesel powered vehicles. Both cases also use a previously reported methodology for simulating the temperature and species transients associated with the intermittent engine operation and typical drive cycle transients which are a significant departure from the usual experimental steady-state engine-map based approach adopted often in vehicle system simulations. Comparative simulations indicate a higher efficiency for diesel powered vehicles but the advantage is lowered by about a third (for both HEVs and PHEVs) when the fuel penalty associated with operating a lean NOx trap is included and may be reduced even more when fuel penalty associated with a particulate filter is included in diesel vehicle simulations. Through these preliminary studies, it is clearly demonstrated how accurate engine and exhaust systems models that can account for highly intermittent and transient engine operation in hybrid vehicles can be used to account for impact of emissions in comparative vehicle systems studies. Future plans with models for other devices such as particulate filters, diesel oxidation and selective reduction catalysts are also discussed.

Gao, Zhiming [ORNL; Chakravarthy, Veerathu K [ORNL; Daw, C Stuart [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Combining stated and revealed choice research to simulate the neighbor effect: The case of hybrid-electric vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

D R.L. Polk & Co. , 2006. Hybrid Vehicle Registrations Morecapital cost of the hybrid vehicle, subsidy providedfor the hybrid vehicle, horsepower of the hybrid vehicle,

Axsen, Jonn; Mountain, Dean C.; Jaccard, Mark

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Assessment of Current Knowledge of Hybrid Vehicle Characteristics and Impacts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI has taken a leadership role in bringing together representatives from the utility and automotive industries, along with those of the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) and other regulatory agencies to participate in a study: Assessment of Current Knowledge of Hybrid Vehicle Characteristics and Impacts. This study focused on key attribute areas of HEV energy efficiency, emissions, life cycle, and customer acceptance and HEV's potential impacts on private and public stakeholders.

1999-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

209

Choices and Requirements of Batteries for EVs, HEVs, PHEVs (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This presentation describes the choices available and requirements for batteries for electric vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles.

Pesaran, A. A.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Advanced Technology Vehicle Testing  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The goal of the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) is to increase the body of knowledge as well as the awareness and acceptance of electric drive and other advanced technology vehicles (ATV). The AVTA accomplishes this goal by testing ATVs on test tracks and dynamometers (Baseline Performance testing), as well as in real-world applications (Fleet and Accelerated Reliability testing and public demonstrations). This enables the AVTA to provide Federal and private fleet managers, as well as other potential ATV users, with accurate and unbiased information on vehicle performance and infrastructure needs so they can make informed decisions about acquiring and operating ATVs. The ATVs currently in testing include vehicles that burn gaseous hydrogen (H2) fuel and hydrogen/CNG (H/CNG) blended fuels in internal combustion engines (ICE), and hybrid electric (HEV), urban electric, and neighborhood electric vehicles. The AVTA is part of DOE's FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program.

James Francfort

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Effect of longer combination vehicles on the total logistic costs of truckload shippers  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the research described in this paper was to examine the effects of using longer and heavier tractor-trailer combinations from the standpoint of the individual firm or shipper rather than from the viewpoint of the motor carrier. The objective was to determine the effect of longer combination vehicles (LCVS) not only on shippers freight costs but on their inventory and other logistical costs as well. A sample of companies in selected industries provided data on their principal products, traffic flows, and logistics costs in a mail survey. These data were entered into a computer program called the Freight Transportation Analyzer (FTA) which calculated the component logistics costs associated with shipping by single trailers and by two alternative types of double trailer LCVS. A major finding of the study was that, given sufficient flows of a company`s product in a traffic lane, LCVs would in most cases greatly reduce the total logistics cost of firms that currently ship in single trailer truckload quantities. Annual lane volume, lane distance, and annual lane ton-mileage appeared to be good indicators of whether or not shipping by LCVs would benefit a company, whereas product value had surprisingly little influence on the cost-effectiveness of LCVS. An even better indicator was the ratio of current annual freight costs to current annual inventory carrying costs for a firm`s single trailer truckload shipments. Given the current trend toward maintaining small inventories and shipping in small quantities, it is not clear to what extent shippers will abandon single trailer transport to take advantage of the potential reduction in total logistics cost afforded by LCVS.

Middendorf, D.P.; Bronzini, M.S. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Jacoby, J. [Federal Highway Administration, Washington, DC (United States); Coyle, J.J. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States)

1994-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

212

DOE Hydrogen Analysis Repository: Advanced Vehicle Simulator (ADVISOR)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Vehicle Simulator (ADVISOR) Advanced Vehicle Simulator (ADVISOR) Project Summary Full Title: Advanced Vehicle Simulator (ADVISOR) Project ID: 108 Principal Investigator: Matthew Thornton Brief Description: ADVISOR is used to simulate and analyze conventional, advanced, light, and heavy vehicles, including hybrid electric and fuel cell vehicles. Keywords: Hybrid electric vehicles (HEV); vehicle characteristics; vehicle performance; fuel consumption Purpose ADVISOR was designed as an analysis tool to assist the DOE in developing and understanding hybrid electric vehicles through the Hybrid Vehice Propulsion Systems contracts with Ford, GM, and DaimlerChrysler. Performer Principal Investigator: Matthew Thornton Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Address: 1617 Cole Blvd.

213

Multilevel Inverters for Electric Vehicle Applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper presents multilevel inverters as an application for all-electric vehicle (EV) and hybrid-electric vehicle (HEV) motor drives. Diode-clamped inverters and cascaded H-bridge inverters, (1) can generate near-sinusoidal voltages with only fundamental frequency switching; (2) have almost no electromagnetic interference (EMI) and common-mode voltage; and (3) make an EV more accessible/safer and open wiring possible for most of an EV'S power system. This paper explores the benefits and discusses control schemes of the cascade inverter for use as an EV motor drive or a parallel HEV drive and the diode-clamped inverter as a series HEV motor drive. Analytical, simulated, and experimental results show the superiority of these multilevel inverters for this new niche.

Habetler, T.G.; Peng, F.Z.; Tolbert, L.M.

1998-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

214

Multilevel Inverters for Electric Vehicle Applications  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents multilevel inverters as an application for all-electric vehicle (EV) and hybrid-electric vehicle (HEV) motor drives. Diode-clamped inverters and cascaded H-bridge inverters, (1) can generate near-sinusoidal voltages with only fundamental frequency switching; (2) have almost no electromagnetic interference (EMI) and common-mode voltage; and (3) make an EV more accessible/safer and open wiring possible for most of an EV'S power system. This paper explores the benefits and discusses control schemes of the cascade inverter for use as an EV motor drive or a parallel HEV drive and the diode-clamped inverter as a series HEV motor drive. Analytical, simulated, and experimental results show the superiority of these multilevel inverters for this new niche.

Habetler, T.G.; Peng, F.Z.; Tolbert, L.M.

1998-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

215

2007 Nissan Altima-2351 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) conducts several different types of tests on hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), including testing the HEV batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new, and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of on-road accelerated testing. This report documents the battery testing performed and the battery testing results for the 2007 Nissan Altima HEV, number 2351 (VIN 1N4CL21E87C172351). The battery testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation (eTec). The Idaho National Laboratory and eTec conduct the AVTA for DOE’s Vehicle Technologies Program.

Tyler Gray; Chester Motloch; James Francfort

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

2007 Nissan Altima-2351 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) conducts several different types of tests on hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), including testing the HEV batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new, and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of on-road accelerated testing. This report documents the battery testing performed and the battery testing results for the 2007 Nissan Altima HEV, number 2351 (VIN 1N4CL21E87C172351). The battery testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation (eTec). The Idaho National Laboratory and eTec conduct the AVTA for DOE’s Vehicle Technologies Program.

Tyler Gray; Chester Motloch; James Francfort

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Validating simulation tools for vehicle system studies using advanced control and testing procedure.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) offer the potential to increase propulsion system efficiency and decrease pollutant emissions relative to conventional vehicles. The US Department of Energy (DOE) and the auto industry are developing HEV technology as part of the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles (PNGV) program. Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) supports the DOE in this program by contributing to technical target setting and evaluating new technologies in a vehicle systems context. In this role, ANL has developed a unique set of interrelated tools and facilities to analyze, develop, and validate components and propulsion systems in a vehicle environment.

Pasquier, M.; Duoba, M.; Rousseau, A.

2001-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

218

Consumer Ready Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Andrew Shabashevich, Douglas Saucedo, Terrence Williams, Christian Reif, Cuyler Lattoraca,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Year 3 Consumer Ready Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Andrew Shabashevich, Douglas Saucedo as an all-electric vehicle, and a as a charge-sustaining, or a conventional Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) is developing a Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) to participate in the 2007 Challenge X competition

California at Davis, University of

219

Research on optimal control method of hybrid electric vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy saving and environmental protection are the two main themes of today's auto industry development. The hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) has become one of the most practical significant ways to solve energy and emission problems with good fuel economy ... Keywords: Hybrid electric vehicle, control strategy, energy efficiency, optimization method, system efficiency

Jing Lian, Hu Han, Linhui Li, Yafu Zhou, Jian Feng

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Semiotics and Advanced Vehicles: What Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) Mean and Why it Matters to Consumers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

objectives, like using less foreign oil. To Mike, world oilreducing dependence of foreign oil could be resolved, butand independence from foreign oil. Mike’s desire to balance

Heffner, Reid R.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vehicles hevs combine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Semiotics and Advanced Vehicles: What Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) Mean and Why it Matters to Consumers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bradford, S. (2003) Are Hybrid Cars Worth It? Smartmoney 28p. C1. Hakim, D. (2005b) Hybrid-Car Tinkerers Scoff at No-Dollars and Sense of Hybrid Cars. Available from: http://

Heffner, Reid R.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Semiotics and Advanced Vehicles: What Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) Mean and Why it Matters to Consumers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

s (1988b) long interview technique. For the first two studyusing ethnographic interview techniques. Data are examinedthat this structured interview technique views interviewer-

Heffner, Reid R.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Semiotics and Advanced Vehicles: What Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) Mean and Why it Matters to Consumers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Automobile (2007) Future Toyota Hybrids: Prius Times Three.features/news/0706_future_toyota_hybrids/ Automotive News742. Freeman, S. (2003) “Toyota's Prius Hybrid Named Motor

Heffner, Reid R.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Semiotics and Advanced Vehicles: What Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) Mean and Why it Matters to Consumers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Future Toyota Hybrids: Prius Times Three. Available from:S. (2003) “Toyota's Prius Hybrid Named Motor Trend's 'Car ofYork. MacCurdy (2006) PHEV Prius Test Program by Sacramento

Heffner, Reid R.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Semiotics and Advanced Vehicles: What Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) Mean and Why it Matters to Consumers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR).opposed any exploration in ANWR because of the environmentalnoting that oil from ANWR would reduce U.S. dependence on

Heffner, Reid R.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Semiotics and Advanced Vehicles: What Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) Mean and Why it Matters to Consumers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

spent in visits to the gas station. However, fuel economyconflict, photos of gas stations, and pictures of electronicmade fewer trips to the gas station than when she had owned

Heffner, Reid R.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

2010 Ford Fusion VIN 4757 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Program consists of vehicle, battery, and infrastructure testing on advanced technology related to transportation. The activity includes tests on hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), including testing HEV batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of on-road fleet testing. This report documents battery testing performed for the 2010 Ford Fusion HEV (VIN: 3FADP0L34AR144757). Battery testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation dba ECOtality North America. The Idaho National Laboratory and ECOtality North America collaborate on the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the Vehicle Technologies Program of the U.S. Department of Energy.

Tyler Gray; Matthew Shirk

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

2010 Honda Insight VIN 0141 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Program consists of vehicle, battery, and infrastructure testing on advanced technology related to transportation. The activity includes tests on hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), including testing the HEV batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of on road fleet testing. This report documents battery testing performed for the 2010 Honda Insight HEV (VIN: JHMZE2H78AS010141). Battery testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation dba ECOtality North America. The Idaho National Laboratory and ECOtality North America collaborate on the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the Vehicle Technologies Program of the U.S. Department of Energy.

Tyler Gray

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

2010 Toyota Prius VIN 0462 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Program consists of vehicle, battery, and infrastructure testing on advanced technology related to transportation. The activity includes tests on hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), including testing the HEV batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of on road fleet testing. This report documents battery testing performed for the 2010 Toyota Prius HEV (VIN: JTDKN3DU2A5010462). Battery testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation dba ECOtality North America. The Idaho National Laboratory and ECOtality North America collaborate on the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the Vehicle Technologies Program of the U.S. Department of Energy.

Tyler Gray; Matthew Shirk

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

2010 Toyota Prius VIN 6063 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Program consists of vehicle, battery, and infrastructure testing on advanced technology related to transportation. The activity includes tests on hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), including testing the HEV batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of on road fleet testing. This report documents battery testing performed for the 2010 Toyota Prius HEV (VIN JTDKN3DU5A0006063). Battery testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation dba ECOtality North America. The Idaho National Laboratory and ECOtality North America collaborate on the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the Vehicle Technologies Program of the U.S. Department of Energy.

Tyler Gray; Matthew Shirk

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

2010 Honda Insight VIN 1748 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Program consists of vehicle, battery, and infrastructure testing on advanced technology related to transportation. The activity includes tests on hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), including testing the HEV batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of on road fleet testing. This report documents battery testing performed for the 2010 Honda Insight HEV (VIN: JHMZE2H59AS011748). Battery testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation dba ECOtality North America. The Idaho National Laboratory and ECOtality North America collaborate on the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the Vehicle Technologies Program of the U.S. Department of Energy.

Tyler Gray; Matthew Shirk

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Combining stated and revealed choice research to simulate the neighbor effect: The case of hybrid-electric vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

s early market for hybrid electric vehicles. TransportationThe case of hybrid-electric vehicles Jonn Axsen a, *, Deanpreferences Hybrid-electric vehicles Discrete choice model

Axsen, Jonn; Mountain, Dean C.; Jaccard, Mark

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Dynamic reconfiguration of photovoltaic energy harvesting system in hybrid electric vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Photovoltaic (PV) energy harvesting system is a promising energy source for battery replenishment in hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs.) The PV cell array is installed on different parts of a vehicle body such as the engine hood, door panels, and the roof ... Keywords: dynamic programming., hybrid electric vehicle, photovoltaic array reconfiguration, photovoltaic system

Yanzhi Wang; Xue Lin; Naehyuck Chang; Massoud Pedram

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Optimization and Comparison of Heuristic Control Strategies for Parallel Hybrid-Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimization and Comparison of Heuristic Control Strategies for Parallel Hybrid-Electric Vehicles independent. Thus, these control strategies are predestinated for the use in a real vehicle. Keywords: Hybrid-electric vehicle (HEV), control strategies, optimization. 1. Introduction Due to the structure of hybrid-electric

Noé, Reinhold

235

Comparison of Early-stage Design Methods for a Two-mode Hybrid Electric Vehicle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comparison of Early-stage Design Methods for a Two-mode Hybrid Electric Vehicle Kukhyun Ahn+ , J the propulsion system of a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV), engine, transmission, motor, battery, power electronics. In this paper, two design optimization methods for a two-mode hybrid vehicle are examined: The first integrates

Papalambros, Panos

236

Energy Management System for an Hybrid Electric Vehicle, Using Ultracapacitors and Neural Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Management System for an Hybrid Electric Vehicle, Using Ultracapacitors and Neural Networks management system for hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), using neural networks (NN), was developed and tested, similar in shape and size to a Chevrolet S-10, which was converted to an electric vehicle

Rudnick, Hugh

237

Hybrid Electric Vehicle End-Of-Life Testing On Honda Insights, Gen I Civics And Toyota Gen I Priuses  

SciTech Connect

This technical report details the end-of-life fuel efficiency and battery testing on two model year 2001 Honda Insight hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), two model year 2003 Honda Civic HEVs, and two model year 2002 Toyota Prius HEVs. The end-of-life testing was conducted after each vehicle has been operated for approximately 160,000 miles. This testing was conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA). The AVTA is part of DOE’s FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program. SAE J1634 fuel efficiency testing was performed on the six HEVs with the air conditioning (AC) on and off. The AC on and off test results are compared to new vehicle AC on and off fuel efficiencies for each HEV model. The six HEVs were all end-of-life tested using new-vehicle coast down coefficients. In addition, one of each HEV model was also subjected to fuel efficiency testing using coast down coefficients obtained when the vehicles completed 160,000 miles of fleet testing. Traction battery pack capacity and power tests were also performed on all six HEVs during the end-of-life testing in accordance with the FreedomCAR Battery Test Manual For Power-Assist Hybrid Electric Vehicles procedures. When using the new-vehicle coast down coefficients (Phase I testing), 11 of 12 HEV tests (each HEV was tested once with the AC on and once with the AC off) had increases in fuel efficiencies compared to the new vehicle test results. The end-of-life fuel efficiency tests using the end-of-life coast down coefficients (Phase II testing) show decreases in fuel economies in five of six tests (three with the AC on and three with it off). All six HEVs experienced decreases in battery capacities, with the two Insights having the highest remaining capacities and the two Priuses having the lowest remaining capacities. The AVTA’s end-of-life testing activities discussed in this report were conducted by the Idaho National Laboratory; the AVTA testing partner Electric Transportation Applications, and by Exponent Failure Analysis Associates.

James Francfort; Donald Karner; Ryan Harkins; Joseph Tardiolo

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

2010 Honda Civic Hybrid UltraBattery Conversion 5577 - Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Program consists of vehicle, battery, and infrastructure testing on advanced technology related to transportation. The activity includes tests on hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), including testing the HEV batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new and at the conclusion of on-road fleet testing. This report documents battery testing performed for the 2010 Honda Civic HEV UltraBattery Conversion (VIN JHMFA3F24AS005577). Battery testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation dba ECOtality North America. The Idaho National Laboratory and ECOtality North America collaborate on the AVTA for the Vehicle Technologies Program of the DOE.

Tyler Gray; Matthew Shirk; Jeffrey Wishart

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Evaluation of a Current Source Active Power Filter to Reduce the DC Bus Capacitor in a Hybrid Electric Vehicle Traction Drive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Science Knoxville, TN, 37996, USA tolbert@utk.edu Abstract ­ In hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), a battery-source inverter, dc bus capacitor, Electric vehicle, Harmonic current, Hybrid electric vehicle. I. INTRODUCTION Electric Vehicle Traction Drive Shengnan Li Student Member, IEEE The University of Tennessee Department

Tolbert, Leon M.

240

In-Use and Vehicle Dynamometer Evaluation and Comparison of Class 7 Hybrid Electric and Conventional Diesel Delivery Trucks  

SciTech Connect

This study compared fuel economy and emissions between heavy-duty hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and equivalent conventional diesel vehicles. In-use field data were collected from daily fleet operations carried out at a FedEx facility in California on six HEV and six conventional 2010 Freightliner M2-106 straight box trucks. Field data collection primarily focused on route assessment and vehicle fuel consumption over a six-month period. Chassis dynamometer testing was also carried out on one conventional vehicle and one HEV to determine differences in fuel consumption and emissions. Route data from the field study was analyzed to determine the selection of dynamometer test cycles. From this analysis, the New York Composite (NYComp), Hybrid Truck Users Forum Class 6 (HTUF 6), and California Air Resource Board (CARB) Heavy Heavy-Duty Diesel Truck (HHDDT) drive cycles were chosen. The HEV showed 31% better fuel economy on the NYComp cycle, 25% better on the HTUF 6 cycle and 4% worse on the CARB HHDDT cycle when compared to the conventional vehicle. The in-use field data indicates that the HEVs had around 16% better fuel economy than the conventional vehicles. Dynamometer testing also showed that the HEV generally emitted higher levels of nitric oxides than the conventional vehicle over the drive cycles, up to 77% higher on the NYComp cycle (though this may at least in part be attributed to the different engine certification levels in the vehicles tested). The conventional vehicle was found to accelerate up to freeway speeds over ten seconds faster than the HEV.

Burton, J.; Walkowicz, K.; Sindler, P.; Duran, A.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vehicles hevs combine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Combining stated and revealed choice research to simulate the neighbor effect: The case of hybrid-electric vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

capital cost of the hybrid vehicle, subsidy provided for thesubsidy Same as current vehicle (150 HP) Small SUV hybrid-hybrid vehicle fuel ef?ciency, and gasoline price. While capital cost, subsidy

Axsen, Jonn; Mountain, Dean C.; Jaccard, Mark

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Impact of battery weight and charging patterns on the economic and environmental benefits of plug-in hybrid vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

incentives. The federal Qualified Plug-In Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Tax Credit is available for PEV. Advances in electric-drive technologies enabled commercializa- tion of hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs That Affect All-Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Efficiency and Range section). The time required to fully

Michalek, Jeremy J.

243

WPET '98, Dearborn, Michigan, October 22-23, 1998, pp. 79-84. Multilevel Inverters for Electric Vehicle Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) and hybrid-electric vehicle (HEV) motor drives. Diode-clamped inverters and cascaded H-bridge inverters, (1 and many military combat vehicles that have large electric drives will require advanced power electronic@ornl.gov Abstract This paper presents multilevel inverters as an application for all-electric vehicle (EV

Tolbert, Leon M.

244

Combination, a model vehicle engine and a direct-current generator  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes an engine for a model vehicle and a direct-current generator, comprising: an internal-combustion engine; and a direct-current generator operatively coupled to the engine; wherein the generator comprises an armature, and a drive coupling member drivingly engaged with the armature; the armature has three poles; each of the poles has not less than six hundred turns of magnetic wire; the engine having first means comprising a crankshaft, and second means comprising a connecting rod; and one of the first a second means has means for drivingly engaging the drive coupling for imparting rotation to the generator from the engine.

Williams, G.A.

1987-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

245

Wireless Power Transfer for Electric Vehicles  

SciTech Connect

As Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicles (EVs and HEVs) become more prevalent, there is a need to change the power source from gasoline on the vehicle to electricity from the grid in order to mitigate requirements for onboard energy storage (battery weight) as well as to reduce dependency on oil by increasing dependency on the grid (our coal, gas, and renewable energy instead of their oil). Traditional systems for trains and buses rely on physical contact to transfer electrical energy to vehicles in motion. Until recently, conventional magnetically coupled systems required a gap of less than a centimeter. This is not practical for vehicles of the future.

Scudiere, Matthew B [ORNL; McKeever, John W [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

An assessment of the potential environmental impact of electric and hybrid-electric vehicles in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increases in environmental and air quality problems due to continued growth in automobile population and usage have prompted many states including Texas to consider the implementation of an alternative vehicle program to alleviate these problems. Given the need for such programs, there has been minimal research conducted in analyzing the potential impacts of alternative vehicles, namely electric vehicles (EVs) and hybrid-electric vehicles (HEVs). This research addresses the need for assessing the potential environmental impacts of alternative vehicles for the state of Texas. The main contributions of this research are the derivation of emission rates for EVs that are representative of Texas, and an analysis of the potential impact of various alternative vehicle programs incorporating EVs and HEVS. Specifically, emission inventory results from various alternative vehicle Scenarios were compared to a Baseline Scenario with conventional vehicles, in order to measure the relative benefits of each program. Emission inventories were generated by standard EPA procedure using Mobile5b. Two major findings of this research were the negative impact of EVs on NO,, Emissions and the HEVs superior Emissions performance for all the three pollutants addressed in this study. Based on the research findings, the use of HEVs as an alternative vehicle for the state of Texas is recommended.

Kim, Jung-Woo

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Mild Hybrid System in Combination with Waste Heat Recovery for Commercial Vehicles.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Performance of two different waste heat recovery systems (one based on Rankine cycle and the other one using thermoelectricity) combined with non-hybrid, mild-hybrid and… (more)

Namakian, Mohsen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Diagnostic Characterization of High-Power Lithium-Ion Batteries For Use in Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Diagnostic Characterization of High-Power Lithium-Ion Batteries For Use in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Lithium-ion batteries are a fast-growing technology that is attractive for use in portable electronics of lithium-ion batteries for hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) applications. The ATD Program is a joint effort

249

Dynamic Reconfiguration of Photovoltaic Energy Harvesting System in Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamic Reconfiguration of Photovoltaic Energy Harvesting System in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Yanzhi, xuelin, pedram}@usc.edu, 2 {naehyuck}@elpl.snu.ac.kr ABSTRACT Photovoltaic (PV) energy harvesting system is a promising energy source for battery replenishment in hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs.) The PV cell array

Pedram, Massoud

250

Development of Fuzzy Logic and Neural Network Control and Advanced Emissions Modeling for Parallel Hybrid Vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the development of new control strategies and models for Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV) by the Ohio State University. The report indicates results from models created in NREL's ADvanced VehIcle SimulatOR (ADVISOR 3.2), and results of a scalable IC Engine model, called in Willan's Line technique, implemented in ADVISOR 3.2.

Rajagopalan, A.; Washington, G.; Rizzoni, G.; Guezennec, Y.

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Additional dynamometer tests of the Ford Ecostar Electric Vehicle No. 41  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A Ford Ecostar vehicle was tested in the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Laboratory over two standard driving regimes, coastdown testing, and typical charge testing. The test vehicle was delivered to the INEL in February 19, 1995 under the DOE sponsored Modular Electric Vehicle Program. This report presents the results of dynamometer driving cycle tests, charge data, and coastdown testing for California Air Resources Board (CARB) under a CRADA with the Department Of Energy (DOE).

Cole, G.H.; Richardson, R.A.; Yarger, E.J.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Measurement of Initial Market Acceptance of Plug-in Electric Vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI has been tracking the evolution of the plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) market, using historic hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) sales for comparison and to provide a context for understanding how a completely novel automotive technology beginning with a limited number of vehicles with small sales can steadily grow to market success. This Technical Update provides background on why EPRI considers hybrid sales a useful context for plug-in electric vehicle sales. It introduces a methodology for ...

2013-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

253

Low-cost flexible packaging for high-power Li-Ion HEV batteries.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Batteries with various types of chemistries are typically sold in rigid hermetically sealed containers that, at the simplest level, must contain the electrolyte while keeping out the exterior atmosphere. However, such rigid containers can have limitations in packaging situations where the form of the battery is important, such as in hand-held electronics like personal digital assistants (PDAs), laptops, and cell phones. Other limitations exist as well. At least one of the electrode leads must be insulated from the metal can, which necessitates the inclusion of an insulated metal feed-through in the containment hardware. Another limitation may be in hardware and assembly cost, such as exists for the lithium-ion batteries that are being developed for use in electric vehicles (EVs) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). The large size (typically 10-100 Ah) of these batteries usually results in electric beam or laser welding of the metal cap to the metal can. The non-aqueous electrolyte used in these batteries are usually based on flammable solvents and therefore require the incorporation of a safety rupture vent to relieve pressure in the event of overcharging or overheating. Both of these features add cost to the battery. Flexible packaging provides an alternative to the rigid container. A common example of this is the multi-layered laminates used in the food packaging industry, such as for vacuum-sealed coffee bags. However, flexible packaging for batteries does not come without concerns. One of the main concerns is the slow egress of the electrolyte solvent through the face of the inner laminate layer and at the sealant edge. Also, moisture and air could enter from the outside via the same method. These exchanges may be acceptable for brief periods of time, but for the long lifetimes required for batteries in electric/hybrid electric vehicles, batteries in remote locations, and those in satellites, these exchanges are unacceptable. Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), in collaboration with several industrial partners, is working on low-cost flexible packaging as an alternative to the packaging currently being used for lithium-ion batteries [1,2]. This program is funded by the FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Office of the U.S. Department of Energy. (It was originally funded under the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles, or PNGV, Program, which had as one of its mandates to develop a power-assist hybrid electric vehicle with triple the fuel economy of a typical sedan.) The goal in this packaging effort is to reduce the cost associated with the packaging of each cell several-fold to less than $1 per cell ({approx} 50 cells are required per battery, 1 battery per vehicle), while maintaining the integrity of the cell contents for a 15-year lifetime. Even though the battery chemistry of main interest is the lithium-ion system, the methodology used to develop the most appropriate laminate structure will be very similar for other battery chemistries.

Jansen, A. N.; Amine, K.; Henriksen, G. L.

2004-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

254

Model Year 2013: Alternative Fuel Vehicles and Advanced Technology Vehicles  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

13: Alternative Fuel and Advanced Technology Vehicles 13: Alternative Fuel and Advanced Technology Vehicles 1 (Updated 3/6/13) 1 Source: http:/afdc.energy.gov/vehicles/search/light/ Fuel/Powertrain Type Make Model Vehicle Type Engine Size/Cylinders Transmission Emissions Class 2 Fuel Economy Gasoline 3,4 City/Hwy Fuel Economy Alt Fuel 3,4 City/Hwy HEV Acura ILX Sedan 1.5L I4 ECVT Tier 2 Bin 3 LEVII PZEV 39 / 38 N/A FFV E85 Audi A4 Sedan 2.0 I4 Auto Tier 2 Bin 5 LEVII ULEV 20 / 29 14 / 20 FFV E85 Audi A5 Sedan 2.0 I4 Auto Tier 2 Bin 5 LEVII ULEV 20 / 29 14 / 20 FFV E85 Audi A5 Cabriolet Sedan 2.0 I4 Auto Tier 2 Bin 5 LEVII ULEV 20 / 29 14 / 20 FFV E85 Audi Allroad Quatro Wagon 2.0 I4 Auto Tier 2 Bin 5 LEVII ULEV 20 / 27 14 / 18 FFV E85 Audi Q5 SUV 2.0 I4 Auto Tier 2 Bin 5 LEVII ULEV 20 / 28 14 / 19 HEV Audi Q5 Hybrid SUV 2.0 I4 Auto Tier 2 Bin 5 LEVII ULEV 24 / 30 N/A FFV E85 Bentley

255

US Department of Energy Hybrid Vehicle Battery and Fuel Economy Testing  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA), part of the U.S. Department of Energy’s FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program, has conducted testing of advanced technology vehicles since August, 1995 in support of the AVTA goal to provide benchmark data for technology modeling, and research and development programs. The AVTA has tested over 200 advanced technology vehicles including full size electric vehicles, urban electric vehicles, neighborhood electric vehicles, and hydrogen internal combustion engine powered vehicles. Currently, the AVTA is conducting significant tests of hybrid electric vehicles (HEV). This testing has included all HEVs produced by major automotive manufacturers and spans over 1.3 million miles. The results of all testing are posted on the AVTA web page maintained by the Idaho National Laboratory. Through the course of this testing, the fuel economy of HEV fleets has been monitored and analyzed to determine the "real world" performance of their hybrid energy systems, particularly the battery. While the initial "real world" fuel economy of these vehicles has typically been less than that evaluated by the manufacturer and varies significantly with environmental conditions, the fuel economy and, therefore, battery performance, has remained stable over vehicle life (160,000 miles).

Donald Karner; J.E. Francfort

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles - PHEV Modeling - Powertrain Configuration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Impact of Powertrain Configuration on Fuel Efficiency To evaluate the fuel efficiency potential of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, it is necessary to compare the advantages and drawbacks of several powertrain configurations, ranging from power split to parallel and series. PSAT offers the unique ability to simulate and compare hundreds of powertrain configurations. The goal of the effort is to define the most promising configurations depending on the particular usage. Component sizes, fuel efficiency and cost will be used to make appropriate decisions. The configurations currently being considered include, but are not limited to: Pre-transmission parallel HEV Post-transmission parallel HEV Power split HEV (including THS II and GM 2 Mode) Series The figure below shows an example comparison of three powertrain configurations (parallel, series and power split).

257

Comparing the Benefits and Impacts of Hybrid Electric Vehicle Options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Download report 1000349 for FREE. This project continues the Hybrid Electric Vehicle Working Group (WG) study, in which EPRI has brought together representatives from the utility and automotive industries, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), other regulatory agencies, and university research organizations. The first study, "Assessment of Current Knowledge of Hybrid Vehicle Characteristics and Impacts" (EPRI report TR-113201), defined some of the ground rules for studying HEV technology. This stu...

2001-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

258

A novel combination of Particle Swarm Optimization and Genetic Algorithm for Pareto optimal design of a five-degree of freedom vehicle vibration model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, at first, a novel combination of Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) and Genetic Algorithm (GA) is introduced. This hybrid algorithm uses the operators such as mutation, traditional or classical crossover, multiple-crossover, and PSO formula. ... Keywords: Genetic Algorithm, Hybrid algorithms, Multi-objective problems, Particle Swarm Optimization, Single-objective problems, Vehicle vibration model

M. J. Mahmoodabadi; A. Adljooy Safaie; A. Bagheri; N. Nariman-Zadeh

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Hybrid options for light-duty vehicles.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) offer great promise in improving fuel economy. In this paper, we analyze why, how, and by how much vehicle hybridization can reduce energy consumption and improve fuel economy. Our analysis focuses on efficiency gains associated solely with vehicle hybridization. We do not consider such other measures as vehicle weight reduction or air- and tire-resistance reduction, because such measures would also benefit conventional technology vehicles. The analysis starts with understanding the energy inefficiencies of light-duty vehicles associated with different operation modes in US and Japanese urban and highway driving cycles, with the corresponding energy-saving potentials. The potential for fuel economy gains due to vehicle hybridization can be estimated almost exclusively on the basis of three elements: the reducibility of engine idling operation, the recoverability of braking energy losses, and the capability of improving engine load profiles to gain efficiency associated with specific HEV configurations and control strategies. Specifically, we evaluate the energy efficiencies and fuel economies of a baseline MY97 Corolla-like conventional vehicle (CV), a hypothetical Corolla-based minimal hybrid vehicle (MHV), and a MY98 Prius-like full hybrid vehicle (FHV). We then estimate energy benefits of both MHVs and FHVs over CVs on a performance-equivalent basis. We conclude that the energy benefits of hybridization vary not only with test cycles, but also with performance requirements. The hybrid benefits are greater for ''Corolla (high) performance-equivalent'' vehicles than for ''Prius (low) performance-equivalent'' vehicles. An increasing acceleration requirement would result in larger fuel economy benefits from vehicle hybridization.

An, F., Stodolsky, F.; Santini, D.

1999-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

260

VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SPECIFICATIONS 1 Vehicle VIN:19XFB5F57CE002590 Class: Compact Seatbelt Positions: 5 Type: Sedan CARB 2 : AT-PZEV EPA CityHwyCombined 3 : 273832 MPGe Tires Manufacturer:...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vehicles hevs combine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

AvAilAble for licensing Higher-performance, more cost-effective batteries for PHEVs and HEVs.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AvAilAble for licensing Higher-performance, more cost-effective batteries for PHEVs and HEVs. Benefits Higher-performance, more cost-effective batteries for PHEVs and HEVs. Reduced costs by lowering cost is easier, faster, and more cost-effective. Electrode Materials for Rechargeable Li-ion Batteries

Kemner, Ken

262

Vehicle Battery Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vehicle Battery Basics Vehicle Battery Basics Vehicle Battery Basics November 22, 2013 - 1:58pm Addthis Batteries are essential for electric drive technologies such as hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), and all-electric vehicles (AEVs). What is a Battery? A battery is a device that stores chemical energy and converts it on demand into electrical energy. It carries out this process through an electrochemical reaction, which is a chemical reaction involving the transfer of electrons. Batteries have three main parts, each of which plays a different role in the electrochemical reaction: the anode, cathode, and electrolyte. The anode is the "fuel" electrode (or "negative" part), which gives up electrons to the external circuit to create a flow of electrons, otherwise

263

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS, VOL. 57, NO. 3, MARCH 2010 943 Electric Vehicle Using a Combination of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The results also show that this alternative is cheaper than Li-ion powered electric cars. Index TermsIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS, VOL. 57, NO. 3, MARCH 2010 943 Electric Vehicle Using used for an experimental electric vehicle (EV). These batteries are cheaper than Li-ion cells and have

Rudnick, Hugh

264

Overview of the Safety Issues Associated with the Compressed Natural Gas Fuel System and Electric Drive System in a Heavy Hybrid Electric Vehicle  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report evaluates the hazards that are unique to a compressed-natural-gas (CNG)-fueled heavy hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) design compared with a conventional heavy vehicle. The unique design features of the heavy HEV are the CNG fuel system for the internal-combustion engine (ICE) and the electric drive system. This report addresses safety issues with the CNG fuel system and the electric drive system. Vehicles on U. S. highways have been propelled by ICEs for several decades. Heavy-duty vehicles have typically been fueled by diesel fuel, and light-duty vehicles have been fueled by gasoline. The hazards and risks posed by ICE vehicles are well understood and have been generally accepted by the public. The economy, durability, and safety of ICE vehicles have established a standard for other types of vehicles. Heavy-duty (i.e., heavy) HEVs have recently been introduced to U. S. roadways, and the hazards posed by these heavy HEVs can be compared with the hazards posed by ICE vehicles. The benefits of heavy HEV technology are based on their potential for reduced fuel consumption and lower exhaust emissions, while the disadvantages are the higher acquisition cost and the expected higher maintenance costs (i.e., battery packs). The heavy HEV is more suited for an urban drive cycle with stop-and-go driving conditions than for steady expressway speeds. With increasing highway congestion and the resulting increased idle time, the fuel consumption advantage for heavy HEVs (compared with conventional heavy vehicles) is enhanced by the HEVs' ability to shut down. Any increase in fuel cost obviously improves the economics of a heavy HEV. The propulsion system for a heavy HEV is more complex than the propulsion system for a conventional heavy vehicle. The heavy HEV evaluated in this study has in effect two propulsion systems: an ICE fueled by CNG and an electric drive system with additional complexity and failure modes. This additional equipment will result in a less reliable vehicle with a lower availability than a conventional heavy vehicle. Experience with heavy HEVs to date supports this observation. The key safety concern for the electric drive system is the higher voltages and currents that are required in the electric drive system. Faults that could expose personnel to these electric hazards must be considered, addressed, and minimized. The key issue for the CNG-fueled ICE is containment of the high-pressure natural gas. Events that can result in a release of natural gas with the possibility of subsequent ignition are of concern. These safety issues are discussed. The heavy HEV has the potential to have a safety record that is comparable to that of the conventional vehicle, but adequate attention to detail will be required.

Nelson, S.C.

2002-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

265

Vehicle Battery Safety Roadmap Guidance  

SciTech Connect

The safety of electrified vehicles with high capacity energy storage devices creates challenges that must be met to assure commercial acceptance of EVs and HEVs. High performance vehicular traction energy storage systems must be intrinsically tolerant of abusive conditions: overcharge, short circuit, crush, fire exposure, overdischarge, and mechanical shock and vibration. Fail-safe responses to these conditions must be designed into the system, at the materials and the system level, through selection of materials and safety devices that will further reduce the probability of single cell failure and preclude propagation of failure to adjacent cells. One of the most important objectives of DOE's Office of Vehicle Technologies is to support the development of lithium ion batteries that are safe and abuse tolerant in electric drive vehicles. This Roadmap analyzes battery safety and failure modes of state-of-the-art cells and batteries and makes recommendations on future investments that would further DOE's mission.

Doughty, D. H.

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Field Operations Program, Toyota PRIUS Hybrid Electric Vehicle Performance Characterization Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Field Operations Program evaluates advanced technology vehicles in real-world applications and environments. Advanced technology vehicles include pure electric, hybrid electric, hydrogen, and other vehicles that use emerging technologies such as fuel cells. Information generated by the Program is targeted to fleet managers and others considering the deployment of advanced technology vehicles. As part of the above activities, the Field Operations Program has initiated the testing of the Toyota Prius hybrid electric vehicle (HEV), a technology increasingly being considered for use in fleet applications. This report describes the Pomona Loop testing of the Prius, providing not only initial operational and performance information, but also a better understanding of HEV testing issues. The Pomona Loop testing includes both Urban and Freeway drive cycles, each conducted at four operating scenarios that mix minimum and maximum payloads with different auxiliary (e.g., lights, air conditioning) load levels.

Francfort, James Edward; Nguyen, N.; Phung, J.; Smith, J.; Wehrey, M.

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Batteries for electric drive vehicles: Evaluation of future characteristics and costs through a Delphi study  

SciTech Connect

Uncertainty about future costs and operating attributes of electric drive vehicles (EVs and HEVs) has contributed to considerable debate regarding the market viability of such vehicles. One way to deal with such uncertainty, common to most emerging technologies, is to pool the judgments of experts in the field. Data from a two-stage Delphi study are used to project the future costs and operating characteristics of electric drive vehicles. The experts projected basic vehicle characteristics for EVs and HEVs for the period 2000-2020. They projected the mean EV range at 179 km in 2000, 270 km in 2010, and 358 km in 2020. The mean HEV range on battery power was projected as 145 km in 2000, 212 km in 2010, and 244 km in 2020. Experts` opinions on 10 battery technologies are analyzed and characteristics of initial battery packs for the mean power requirements are presented. A procedure to compute the cost of replacement battery packs is described, and the resulting replacement costs are presented. Projected vehicle purchase prices and fuel and maintenance costs are also presented. The vehicle purchase price and curb weight predictions would be difficult to achieve with the mean battery characteristics. With the battery replacement costs added to the fuel and maintenance costs, the conventional ICE vehicle is projected to have a clear advantage over electric drive vehicles through the projection period.

Vyas, A.D.; Ng, H.K.; Anderson, J.L.; Santini, D.J.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

motor of an electric vehicle. Other hybrids combine a fuel cell with batteries to power electric propulsion motors. Fuel Cell Concept: Fuel passes through an anode, electrolyte,...

269

Power management of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles using neural network based trip modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), utilizing more battery power, has become a next-generation HEV with great promise of higher fuel economy. Global optimization charge-depletion power management would be desirable. This has so far been hampered ...

Qiuming Gong; Yaoyu Li; Zhongren Peng

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Integration Issues of Cells into Battery Packs for Plug-in and Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The main barriers to increased market share of hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and commercialization of plug-in HEVs are the cost, safety, and life of lithium ion batteries. Significant effort is being directed to address these issues for lithium ion cells. However, even the best cells may not perform as well when integrated into packs for vehicles because of the environment in which vehicles operate. This paper discusses mechanical, electrical, and thermal integration issues and vehicle interface issues that could impact the cost, life, and safety of the system. It also compares the advantages and disadvantages of using many small cells versus a few large cells and using prismatic cells versus cylindrical cells.

Pesaran, A. A.; Kim, G. H.; Keyser, M.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles - Prototypes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Prototypes Prototypes A PHEV prototype being prepared for testing. A plug-in electric vehicle (PHEV) prototype is prepared for testing at Argonne National Laboratory. What is a PHEV? A plug-in hybrid electric vehicle, or PHEV, is similar to today's hybrid electric vehicles on the market today, but with a larger battery that is charged both by the vehicle's gasoline engine and from plugging into a standard 110 V electrical outlet for a few hours each day. PHEVs and HEVs both use battery-powered motors and gasoline-powered engines for high fuel efficiency, but PHEVs can further reduce fuel usage by employing electrical energy captured through daily charging. Prototype as Rolling Test Bed As part of Argonne's multifaceted PHEV research program, Argonne researchers have constructed a PHEV prototype that serves as a rolling test

272

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #750: October 22, 2012 Electric Vehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0: October 22, 0: October 22, 2012 Electric Vehicle Energy Requirements for Combined City/Highway Driving to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #750: October 22, 2012 Electric Vehicle Energy Requirements for Combined City/Highway Driving on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #750: October 22, 2012 Electric Vehicle Energy Requirements for Combined City/Highway Driving on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #750: October 22, 2012 Electric Vehicle Energy Requirements for Combined City/Highway Driving on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #750: October 22, 2012 Electric Vehicle Energy Requirements for Combined City/Highway Driving on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #750: October 22, 2012

273

Model Year 2006: Alternative Fuel and Advanced Technology Vehicles  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

06: Alternative Fuel and Advanced Technology Vehicles 06: Alternative Fuel and Advanced Technology Vehicles Fuel Type EPAct Compliant? Model Vehicle Type Emission Class Powertrain Fuel Capacity Range American Honda Motor Corporation 888-CCHONDA www.honda.com CNG Dedicated EPAct Yes Civic GX Compact Sedan SULEV Tier 2 Bin II 1.7L, 4-cylinder 8 GGE 200 mi HEV (NiMH) EPAct No Accord Hybrid Sedan ULEV 3.0L V6 144 volt NiMH + 17.1 Gal Gasoline TBD HEV (NiMH) EPAct No Civic Hybrid Sedan CA ULEV 1.3L, 4-cylinder 144 volt NiMH + 13.2 Gal Gasoline TBD HEV (NiMH) EPAct No Insight Two-seater SULEV (CVT model) ULEV (MT model) 1.0L, 3-cylinder 144 volt NiMH + 10.6 Gal Gasoline 636 mi DaimlerChrysler 800-999-FLEET www.fleet.chrysler.com E85 FFV EPAct Yes Dodge Ram Pickup 1500 Series 1 Pickup Tier 2 Bin 10A 4.7L V8 26 Gal 416 mi E85 FFV

274

2007 Toyota Camry-6330 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) conducts several different types of tests on hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), including testing hybrid electric vehicles batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new, and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of accelerated testing. This report documents the battery testing performed and battery testing results for the 2007 Toyota Camry hybrid electric vehicle (Vin Number JTNBB46K673006330). Testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation. The AVTA is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program. The Idaho National Laboratory and the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation conduct AVTA for the U.S. Department of Energy.

Tyler Gray; Chester Motloch; James Francfort

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

2007 Toyota Camry-6330 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) conducts several different types of tests on hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), including testing hybrid electric vehicles batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new, and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of accelerated testing. This report documents the battery testing performed and battery testing results for the 2007 Toyota Camry hybrid electric vehicle (Vin Number JTNBB46K673006330). Testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation. The AVTA is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program. The Idaho National Laboratory and the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation conduct AVTA for the U.S. Department of Energy.

Tyler Gray; Chester Motloch; James Francfort

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Well-to-wheels analysis of energy use and greenhouse gas emissions of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles.  

SciTech Connect

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) are being developed for mass production by the automotive industry. PHEVs have been touted for their potential to reduce the US transportation sector's dependence on petroleum and cut greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by (1) using off-peak excess electric generation capacity and (2) increasing vehicles energy efficiency. A well-to-wheels (WTW) analysis - which examines energy use and emissions from primary energy source through vehicle operation - can help researchers better understand the impact of the upstream mix of electricity generation technologies for PHEV recharging, as well as the powertrain technology and fuel sources for PHEVs. For the WTW analysis, Argonne National Laboratory researchers used the Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation (GREET) model developed by Argonne to compare the WTW energy use and GHG emissions associated with various transportation technologies to those associated with PHEVs. Argonne researchers estimated the fuel economy and electricity use of PHEVs and alternative fuel/vehicle systems by using the Powertrain System Analysis Toolkit (PSAT) model. They examined two PHEV designs: the power-split configuration and the series configuration. The first is a parallel hybrid configuration in which the engine and the electric motor are connected to a single mechanical transmission that incorporates a power-split device that allows for parallel power paths - mechanical and electrical - from the engine to the wheels, allowing the engine and the electric motor to share the power during acceleration. In the second configuration, the engine powers a generator, which charges a battery that is used by the electric motor to propel the vehicle; thus, the engine never directly powers the vehicle's transmission. The power-split configuration was adopted for PHEVs with a 10- and 20-mile electric range because they require frequent use of the engine for acceleration and to provide energy when the battery is depleted, while the series configuration was adopted for PHEVs with a 30- and 40-mile electric range because they rely mostly on electrical power for propulsion. Argonne researchers calculated the equivalent on-road (real-world) fuel economy on the basis of U.S. Environmental Protection Agency miles per gallon (mpg)-based formulas. The reduction in fuel economy attributable to the on-road adjustment formula was capped at 30% for advanced vehicle systems (e.g., PHEVs, fuel cell vehicles [FCVs], hybrid electric vehicles [HEVs], and battery-powered electric vehicles [BEVs]). Simulations for calendar year 2020 with model year 2015 mid-size vehicles were chosen for this analysis to address the implications of PHEVs within a reasonable timeframe after their likely introduction over the next few years. For the WTW analysis, Argonne assumed a PHEV market penetration of 10% by 2020 in order to examine the impact of significant PHEV loading on the utility power sector. Technological improvement with medium uncertainty for each vehicle was also assumed for the analysis. Argonne employed detailed dispatch models to simulate the electric power systems in four major regions of the US: the New England Independent System Operator, the New York Independent System Operator, the State of Illinois, and the Western Electric Coordinating Council. Argonne also evaluated the US average generation mix and renewable generation of electricity for PHEV and BEV recharging scenarios to show the effects of these generation mixes on PHEV WTW results. Argonne's GREET model was designed to examine the WTW energy use and GHG emissions for PHEVs and BEVs, as well as FCVs, regular HEVs, and conventional gasoline internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs). WTW results are reported for charge-depleting (CD) operation of PHEVs under different recharging scenarios. The combined WTW results of CD and charge-sustaining (CS) PHEV operations (using the utility factor method) were also examined and reported. According to the utility factor method, the share of veh

Elgowainy, A.; Han, J.; Poch, L.; Wang, M.; Vyas, A.; Mahalik, M.; Rousseau, A.

2010-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

277

Well-to-wheels energy use and greenhouse gas emissions analysis of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Researchers at Argonne National Laboratory expanded the Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation (GREET) model and incorporated the fuel economy and electricity use of alternative fuel/vehicle systems simulated by the Powertrain System Analysis Toolkit (PSAT) to conduct a well-to-wheels (WTW) analysis of energy use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). The WTW results were separately calculated for the blended charge-depleting (CD) and charge-sustaining (CS) modes of PHEV operation and then combined by using a weighting factor that represented the CD vehicle-miles-traveled (VMT) share. As indicated by PSAT simulations of the CD operation, grid electricity accounted for a share of the vehicle's total energy use, ranging from 6% for a PHEV 10 to 24% for a PHEV 40, based on CD VMT shares of 23% and 63%, respectively. In addition to the PHEV's fuel economy and type of on-board fuel, the marginal electricity generation mix used to charge the vehicle impacted the WTW results, especially GHG emissions. Three North American Electric Reliability Corporation regions (4, 6, and 13) were selected for this analysis, because they encompassed large metropolitan areas (Illinois, New York, and California, respectively) and provided a significant variation of marginal generation mixes. The WTW results were also reported for the U.S. generation mix and renewable electricity to examine cases of average and clean mixes, respectively. For an all-electric range (AER) between 10 mi and 40 mi, PHEVs that employed petroleum fuels (gasoline and diesel), a blend of 85% ethanol and 15% gasoline (E85), and hydrogen were shown to offer a 40-60%, 70-90%, and more than 90% reduction in petroleum energy use and a 30-60%, 40-80%, and 10-100% reduction in GHG emissions, respectively, relative to an internal combustion engine vehicle that used gasoline. The spread of WTW GHG emissions among the different fuel production technologies and grid generation mixes was wider than the spread of petroleum energy use, mainly due to the diverse fuel production technologies and feedstock sources for the fuels considered in this analysis. The PHEVs offered reductions in petroleum energy use as compared with regular hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). More petroleum energy savings were realized as the AER increased, except when the marginal grid mix was dominated by oil-fired power generation. Similarly, more GHG emissions reductions were realized at higher AERs, except when the marginal grid generation mix was dominated by oil or coal. Electricity from renewable sources realized the largest reductions in petroleum energy use and GHG emissions for all PHEVs as the AER increased. The PHEVs that employ biomass-based fuels (e.g., biomass-E85 and -hydrogen) may not realize GHG emissions benefits over regular HEVs if the marginal generation mix is dominated by fossil sources. Uncertainties are associated with the adopted PHEV fuel consumption and marginal generation mix simulation results, which impact the WTW results and require further research. More disaggregate marginal generation data within control areas (where the actual dispatching occurs) and an improved dispatch modeling are needed to accurately assess the impact of PHEV electrification. The market penetration of the PHEVs, their total electric load, and their role as complements rather than replacements of regular HEVs are also uncertain. The effects of the number of daily charges, the time of charging, and the charging capacity have not been evaluated in this study. A more robust analysis of the VMT share of the CD operation is also needed.

Elgowainy, A.; Burnham, A.; Wang, M.; Molburg, J.; Rousseau, A.; Energy Systems

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

278

Dynamic Programming Applied to Investigate Energy Management Strategies for a Plug-in HEV  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper explores two basic plug-in hybrid electric vehicle energy management strategies: an electric vehicle centric control strategy and an engine-motor blended control strategy.

O'Keefe. M. P.; Markel, T.

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

cDNA encoding a polypeptide including a hev ein sequence  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cDNA clone (HEV1) encoding hevein was isolated via polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using mixed oligonucleotides corresponding to two regions of hevein as primers and a Hevea brasiliensis latex cDNA library as a template. HEV1 is 1018 nucleotides long and includes an open reading frame of 204 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence contains a putative signal sequence of 17 amino acid residues followed by a 187 amino acid polypeptide. The amino-terminal region (43 amino acids) is identical to hevein and shows homology to several chitin-binding proteins and to the amino-termini of wound-induced genes in potato and poplar. The carboxyl-terminal portion of the polypeptide (144 amino acids) is 74-79% homologous to the carboxyl-terminal region of wound-inducible genes of potato. Wounding, as well as application of the plant hormones abscisic acid and ethylene, resulted in accumulation of hevein transcripts in leaves, stems and latex, but not in roots, as shown by using the cDNA as a probe. A fusion protein was produced in E. coli from the protein of the present invention and maltose binding protein produced by the E. coli.

Raikhel, Natasha V. (Okemos, MI); Broekaert, Willem F. (Dilbeek, BE); Chua, Nam-Hai (Scarsdale, NY); Kush, Anil (New York, NY)

2000-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

280

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Fleet and Baseline Performance Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vehicle Fleet and Vehicle Fleet and Baseline Performance Testing James Francfort Idaho National Laboratory 2 Paper #2006-01-1267 Presentation Outline Background & goals Testing partners Baseline performance testing new HEVs Fleet testing (160k miles in 36 months) End-of-life testing (fuel economy & battery testing at 160k miles) WWW information location 3 Paper #2006-01-1267 Background Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) - part of DOE's FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program Goal - provide benchmark data for technology modeling, and research and development programs Idaho National Laboratory manages these activities, and performs data analysis and reporting activities 4 Paper #2006-01-1267 Testing Partners Qualified Vehicle Testers hElectric Transportation Applications (lead)

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281

DOE Hydrogen Analysis Repository: Biofuels in Light-Duty Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biofuels in Light-Duty Vehicles Biofuels in Light-Duty Vehicles Project Summary Full Title: Mobility Chains Analysis of Technologies for Passenger Cars and Light-Duty Vehicles Fueled with Biofuels: Application of the GREET Model to the Role of Biomass in America's Energy Future (RBAEF) Project Project ID: 82 Principal Investigator: Michael Wang Brief Description: The mobility chains analysis estimated the energy consumption and emissions associated with the use of various biofuels in light-duty vehicles. Keywords: Well-to-wheels (WTW); ethanol; biofuels; Fischer Tropsch diesel; hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) Purpose The project was a multi-organization, multi-sponsor project to examine the potential of biofuels in the U.S. Argonne was responsible for the well-to-wheels analysis of biofuel production and use.

282

Alternative Vehicles  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

There are a number of alternative and advanced vehicles—or vehicles that run on alternative fuels. Learn more about the following types of vehicles:

283

Evaluation of performance and magnetic characteristics of a radial-radial flux compound-structure permanent-magnet synchronous machine used for hybrid electric vehicle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A breed of compound-structure permanent-magnet synchronous machine (CS-PMSM) is used for power-split hybrid electric vehicles(HEVs). It can help to fulfill both the speed and torque control of the internal combustion engine and

Ping Zheng; Ranran Liu; Lin Shen; Lina Li; Weiguang Fan; Qian Wu; Jing Zhao

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

TEAM HEV ARC HITECTURE ENGIN E FU EL TRANS MISSION EN ERGY STOR  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TEAM TEAM HEV ARC HITECTURE ENGIN E FU EL TRANS MISSION EN ERGY STOR AGE MO TOR Michigan Technological University Through-the-road Parallel 2.0-L 4 Cylinder Spark Ignition Reformulated Gasoline 4-speed Automatic COBASYS, Nickel Metal Hydride - 288V 50 kW Solectria AC Induction Transaxle Mississippi State University Through-the-road Parallel 1.9-L GM Direct Injection Turbo Diesel Bio Diesel (B20) GM F40 6-speed Manual Johnson Controls, Nickel Metal Hydride - 330V 45 kW Ballard Integrated Power Transaxle The Ohio State University Through-the-road Parallel 1.9-L GM Direct Injection Turbo Diesel Bio Diesel (B20) Aisin-Warner AF40 6-speed Automatic Transaxle Panasonic, Nickel Metal Hydride - 300V 67 kW Ballard AC Induction Transaxle /10.6 kW Kollmorgen Brushless DC Generator Pennsylvania State

285

Hybrid Electric Vehicles: How They Perform in the Real World | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hybrid Electric Vehicles: How They Perform in the Real World Hybrid Electric Vehicles: How They Perform in the Real World Hybrid Electric Vehicles: How They Perform in the Real World October 5, 2009 - 11:27am Addthis John Lippert One advantage of working on a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) support team is that I'm exposed to the impressive work DOE is doing to develop and promote advanced energy technologies. I'm particularly impressed with the data DOE has gathered as part of the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) on many of the makes and models of hybrid-electric vehicles (HEVs) commercially available in the United States. The AVTA works with government, commercial, and industry fleets to measure real-world vehicle performance of production and pre-production advanced technology vehicles and makes this information available to fleets and the general public.

286

Prospects on fuel economy improvements for hydrogen powered vehicles.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Fuel cell vehicles are the subject of extensive research and development because of their potential for high efficiency and low emissions. Because fuel cell vehicles remain expensive and the demand for hydrogen is therefore limited, very few fueling stations are being built. To try to accelerate the development of a hydrogen economy, some original equipment manufacturers (OEM) in the automotive industry have been working on a hydrogen-fueled internal combustion engine (ICE) as an intermediate step. Despite its lower cost, the hydrogen-fueled ICE offers, for a similar amount of onboard hydrogen, a lower driving range because of its lower efficiency. This paper compares the fuel economy potential of hydrogen-fueled vehicles to their conventional gasoline counterparts. To take uncertainties into account, the current and future status of both technologies were considered. Although complete data related to port fuel injection were provided from engine testing, the map for the direct-injection engine was developed from single-cylinder data. The fuel cell system data represent the status of the current technology and the goals of FreedomCAR. For both port-injected and direct-injected hydrogen engine technologies, power split and series Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) configurations were considered. For the fuel cell system, only a series HEV configuration was simulated.

Rousseau, A.; Wallner, T.; Pagerit, S.; Lohse-Bush, H. (Energy Systems)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

The prospects for electric and hybrid electric vehicles: Second-stage results of a two-stage Delphi study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study was conducted to collect information for a technical and economic assessment of electric (EV) and hybrid (HEV) vehicles. The first-stage worldwide survey was completed in fall 1994, while the second-stage was completed by summer 1995. The paper reports results from the second round of the survey and major differences between the two rounds. This second-stage international survey obtained information from 93 expert respondents from the automotive technology field. Key results: EVs will penetrate the market first, followed by internal combustion engine HEVs, while gas turbine and fuel cell HEVs will come after 2020. By 2020, EVs and internal combustion engine HEVs will have a 15% share of the new vehicle market; they will also cost 18-50% more and will be slightly inferior to 1993 gasoline cars. AC induction motor is projected to be superior to DC and DC brushless motors by 2020, although the DC motor will be less expensive in 2000. DC brushless motors are projected to be the most expensive. Though generally declining, battery costs will remain high. EVs are believed to be effective in reducing urban emissions; however, their costs must be reduced drastically. Petroleum is expected to be the predominant fuel for hybrid vehicles through 2020. Mean energy equivalent fuel economy of electric drivetrain vehicles is projected to be 20-40% greater than for conventional vehicles in 2000, and to rise a few percents during the projection period. Respondents anticipate only a 16% increase in conventional vehicle fuel economy from 2000 to 2020.

Ng, H.K.; Anderson, J.L.; Santini, D.J.; Vyas, A.D.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Powertrain & Vehicle Research Centre  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the engine, transmission and aftertreatment systems. Optimising such a system for ultra low fuel consumption emulating hardware in the test cell environment Engine testing becomes a combination of real world and virtual environments Vehicle baseline testing on rolling road Calibration Control Engine Vehicle

Burton, Geoffrey R.

289

The Household Market for Electric Vehicles: Testing the Hybrid Household Hypothesis -- A Reflexively Designed Survey of New-Car-Buying Multi-Vehicle California Households  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gas vebacles and hybrid electric vehicles, maddition tocontrast to a hybrid electric vehicle that combines electrichousehold.In contrast to a hybrid electric vehicle that of

Turrentine, Thomas; Kurani, Kenneth S.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Vehicle barrier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A vehicle security barrier which can be conveniently placed across a gate opening as well as readily removed from the gate opening to allow for easy passage. The security barrier includes a barrier gate in the form of a cable/gate member in combination with laterally attached pipe sections fixed by way of the cable to the gate member and lateral, security fixed vertical pipe posts. The security barrier of the present invention provides for the use of cable restraints across gate openings to provide necessary security while at the same time allowing for quick opening and closing of the gate areas without compromising security.

Hirsh, Robert A. (Bethel Park, PA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

2008 Vehicle Technologies Market Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

sudden, unanticipated change in 2008. The economic downturn, combined with unpredictable oil prices, pushed consumers away from new vehicles, causing purchases of light, medium,...

292

U.S. Department of Energy Vehicle Technologies Program -- Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity -- Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Review  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) are under evaluation by various stake holders to better understand their capability and potential benefits. PHEVs could allow users to significantly improve fuel economy over a standard HEV and in some cases, depending on daily driving requirements and vehicle design, have the ability to eliminate fuel consumption entirely for daily vehicle trips. The cost associated with providing charge infrastructure for PHEVs, along with the additional costs for the on-board power electronics and added battery requirements associated with PHEV technology will be a key factor in the success of PHEVs. This report analyzes the infrastructure requirements for PHEVs in single family residential, multi-family residential and commercial situations. Costs associated with this infrastructure are tabulated, providing an estimate of the infrastructure costs associated with PHEV deployment.

Kevin Morrow; Donald Darner; James Francfort

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

CMVRTC: Overweight Vehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

overweight vehicle data collection overweight vehicle data collection scale The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration requested information regarding overweight and oversized vehicle traffic entering inspection stations (ISs) in order to develop strategies for future research efforts and possibly help guide regulatory issues involving overweight commercial motor vehicles (CMVs). For a period of one month, inspection stations in Knox County and Greene County, Tennessee, recorded overweight and oversized vehicles that entered these ISs. During this period, 435 CMVs were recorded using an electronic form filled out by enforcement personnel at the IS. Of the 435 CMVs recorded, 381 had weight information documented with them. The majority (52.2%) of the vehicles recorded were five-axle combination

294

Hydrogen Highways  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hybrid gasoline-electric vehicles (HEVs), “plug-in” HEVs, and advanced batter y-powered electric vehicles

Lipman, Timothy

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Energy Basics: Electric Vehicles  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

& Fuels Printable Version Share this resource Fuels Vehicles Electric Vehicles Flexible Fuel Vehicles Fuel Cell Vehicles Hybrid Electric Vehicles Natural Gas Vehicles Propane...

296

Energy Basics: Propane Vehicles  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

& Fuels Printable Version Share this resource Fuels Vehicles Electric Vehicles Flexible Fuel Vehicles Fuel Cell Vehicles Hybrid Electric Vehicles Natural Gas Vehicles Propane...

297

Energy Basics: Alternative Vehicles  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

& Fuels Printable Version Share this resource Fuels Vehicles Electric Vehicles Flexible Fuel Vehicles Fuel Cell Vehicles Hybrid Electric Vehicles Natural Gas Vehicles Propane...

298

Energy Basics: Alternative Vehicles  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

fuels. Learn more about the following types of vehicles: Electric Vehicles Flexible Fuel Vehicles Fuel Cell Vehicles Hybrid Electric Vehicles Natural Gas Vehicles Propane...

299

CMVRTC: Overweight Vehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Heavy and overweight vehicle brake testing for combination five-axle Heavy and overweight vehicle brake testing for combination five-axle tractor-flatbed scale The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, in coordination with the Federal Highway Administration, sponsored the Heavy and Overweight Vehicle Brake Testing (HOVBT) program in order to provide information about the effect of gross vehicle weight (GVW) on braking performance. Because the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations limit the number of braking system defects that may exist for a vehicle to be allowed to operate on the roadways, the examination of the effect of brake defects on brake performance for increased loads is also relevant. The HOVBT program seeks to provide relevant information to policy makers responsible for establishing load limits, beginning with providing test data for a

300

EERE: Vehicles  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Technologies Office and initiatives, using efficient vehicles, and access vehicle and fuel information. Photo of a ethanol and biodiesel fueling station Photo of three big-rig...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vehicles hevs combine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Engines - Emissions Assessment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EPRI Hybrid Electric Vehicle Working Group: HEV Costs and Emissions EPRI Hybrid Electric Vehicle Working Group: HEV Costs and Emissions Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) are attractive options for increasing vehicle fuel economy and reducing emissions of criteria pollutants and greenhouse gases. Two automobile manufacturers have already introduced HEVs, and other manufacturers are planning to introduce their own models. One available HEV combines mass reduction (also applicable to conventional vehicles) with idle-stop, regenerative braking, and electric-drive assist to achieve a fuel economy more than 2.5 times the current Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standard. The second HEV combines idle-stop, regenerative braking, electric assist acceleration, and continuously variable transmission (CVT) to achieve a fuel economy of more than twice the current CAFÉ standard, qualifying as a super ultra-low emissions vehicle (SULEV).

302

Understanding the effects and infrastrcuture needs of plug-in electric vehicle (pev) charging.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Plug-in electric vehicles (PEV) are any vehicle that uses electricity to propel the vehicle, potentially in combination with other fuels like gasoline, diesel or hydrogen.… (more)

Davis, Barbara Morgan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Hybrid Vehicle Turbine Engine Technology Support (HVTE-TS) ceramic design manual  

SciTech Connect

This ceramic component design manual was an element of the Advanced Turbine Technology Applications Project (ATTAP). The ATTAP was intended to advance the technological readiness of the ceramic automotive gas turbine engine as a primary power plant. Of the several technologies requiring development before such an engine could become a commercial reality, structural ceramic components represented the greatest technical challenge, and was the prime focus of the program. HVTE-TS, which was created to support the Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) program, continued the efforts begun in ATTAP to develop ceramic components for an automotive gas turbine engine. In HVTE-TS, the program focus was extended to make this technology applicable to the automotive gas turbine engines that form the basis of hybrid automotive propulsion systems consisting of combined batteries, electric drives, and on-board power generators as well as a primary power source. The purpose of the ceramic design manual is to document the process by which ceramic components are designed, analyzed, fabricated, assembled, and tested in a gas turbine engine. Interaction with ceramic component vendors is also emphasized. The main elements of the ceramic design manual are: an overview of design methodology; design process for the AGT-5 ceramic gasifier turbine rotor; and references. Some reference also is made to the design of turbine static structure components to show methods of attaching static hot section ceramic components to supporting metallic structures.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Combining a New Vehicle Fuel Economy Standard with a Cap-and-Trade Policy: Energy and Economic Impact in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The United States has adopted fuel economy standards that require increases in the on-road efficiency of new passenger vehicles, with the goal of reducing petroleum use, as well as (more recently) greenhouse gas (GHG) ...

Karplus, V.J.

305

A Fully Directional Universal Power Electronic Interface for EV, HEV, and PHEV Applications  

SciTech Connect

This study focuses on a universal power electronic interface that can be utilized in any type of the electric vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles, and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). Basically, the proposed converter interfaces the energy storage device of the vehicle with the motor drive and the external charger, in case of PHEVs. The proposed converter is capable of operating in all directions in buck or boost modes with a noninverted output voltage (positive output voltage with respect to the input) and bidirectional power flow.

Onar, Omer C [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Modeling, Simulation Design and Control of Hybrid-Electric Vehicle Drives  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Ohio State University (OSU) is uniquely poised to establish such a center, with interdisciplinary emphasis on modeling, simulation, design and control of hybrid-electric drives for a number of reasons, some of which are: (1) The OSU Center for Automotive Research (CAR) already provides an infrastructure for interdisciplinary automotive research and graduate education; the facilities available at OSU-CAR in the area of vehicle and powertrain research are among the best in the country. CAR facilities include 31,000 sq. feet of space, multiple chassis and engine dynamometers, an anechoic chamber, and a high bay area. (2) OSU has in excess of 10 graduate level courses related to automotive systems. A graduate level sequence has already been initiated with GM. In addition, an Automotive Systems Engineering (ASE) program cosponsored by the mechanical and electrical engineering programs, had been formulated earlier at OSU, independent of the GATE program proposal. The main objective of the ASE is to provide multidisciplinary graduate education and training in the field of automotive systems to Masters level students. This graduate program can be easily adapted to fulfill the spirit of the GATE Center of Excellence. (3) A program in Mechatronic Systems Engineering has been in place at OSU since 1994; this program has a strong emphasis on automotive system integration issues, and has emphasized hybrid-electric vehicles as one of its application areas. (4) OSU researchers affiliated with CAR have been directly involved in the development and study of: HEV modeling and simulation; electric drives; transmission design and control; combustion engines; and energy storage systems. These activities have been conducted in collaboration with government and automotive industry sponsors; further, the same researchers have been actively involved in continuing education programs in these areas with the automotive industry. The proposed effort will include: (1) The development of a laboratory facility that will include: electric drive and IC engine test benches; a test vehicle designed for rapid installation of prototype drives; benches for the measurement and study of HEV energy storage components (batteries, ultra-capacitors, flywheels); hardware-in-the-loop control system development tools. (2) The creation of new courses and upgrades of existing courses on subjects related to: HEV modeling and simulation; supervisory control of HEV drivetrains; engine, transmission, and electric drive modeling and control. Specifically, two new courses (one entitled HEV Component Analysis: and the other entitled HEV System Integration and Control) will be developed. Two new labs, that will be taught with the courses (one entitled HEV Components Lab and one entitled HEV Systems and Control lab) will also be developed. (3) The consolidation of already existing ties among faculty in electrical and mechanical engineering departments. (4) The participation of industrial partners through: joint laboratory development; internship programs; continuing education programs; research project funding. The proposed effort will succeed because of the already exceptional level of involvement in HEV research and in graduate education in automotive engineering at OSU, and because the PIs have a proven record of interdisciplinary collaboration as evidenced by joint proposals, joint papers, and co-advising of graduate students. OSU has been expanding its emphasis in Automotive Systems for quite some time. This has led to numerous successes such as the establishment of the Center of Automotive Research, a graduate level course sequence with GM, and numerous grants and contracts on automotive research. The GATE Center of Excellence is a natural extension of what educators at OSU already do well.

Giorgio Rizzoni

2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

307

DC-AC Cascaded H-Bridge Multilevel Boost Inverter With No Inductors for Electric/Hybrid Electric Vehicle Applications  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a cascaded H-bridge multilevel boost inverter for electric vehicle (EV) and hybrid EV (HEV) applications implemented without the use of inductors. Currently available power inverter systems for HEVs use a dc-dc boost converter to boost the battery voltage for a traditional three-phase inverter. The present HEV traction drive inverters have low power density, are expensive, and have low efficiency because they need a bulky inductor. A cascaded H-bridge multilevel boost inverter design for EV and HEV applications implemented without the use of inductors is proposed in this paper. Traditionally, each H-bridge needs a dc power supply. The proposed design uses a standard three-leg inverter (one leg for each phase) and an H-bridge in series with each inverter leg which uses a capacitor as the dc power source. A fundamental switching scheme is used to do modulation control and to produce a five-level phase voltage. Experiments show that the proposed dc-ac cascaded H-bridge multilevel boost inverter can output a boosted ac voltage without the use of inductors.

Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL; Ozpineci, Burak [ORNL; Du, Zhong [ORNL; Chiasson, John N [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Optimization of a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) is a vehicle powered by a combination of an internal combustion engine and an electric motor with a battery… (more)

Golbuff, Sam

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Vehicle Technologies Office: 2011 Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Archive to someone 1 Archive to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: 2011 Archive on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: 2011 Archive on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: 2011 Archive on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: 2011 Archive on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: 2011 Archive on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: 2011 Archive on AddThis.com... 2011 Archive #707 Illustration of Truck Classes December 26, 2011 #706 Vocational Vehicle Fuel Consumption Standards December 19, 2011 #705 Fuel Consumption Standards for Combination Tractors December 12, 2011 #704 Fuel Consumption Standards for New Heavy Pickups and Vans December 5, 2011 #703 Hybrid Vehicles Lose Market Share in 2010 November 28, 2011

310

Household Vehicles Energy Consumption 1991  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Aggregate Aggregate Ratio: See Mean and Ratio Estimate. AMPD: Average miles driven per day. See Appendix B, "Estimation Methodologies." Annual Vehicle Miles Traveled: See Vehicle Miles Traveled. Automobile: Includes standard passenger car, 2-seater car and station wagons; excludes passenger vans, cargo vans, motor homes, pickup trucks, and jeeps or similar vehicles. See Vehicle. Average Household Energy Expenditures: A ratio estimate defined as the total household energy expenditures for all RTECS households divided by the total number of households. See Ratio Estimate, and Combined Household Energy Expenditures. Average Number of Vehicles per Household: The average number of vehicles used by a household for personal transportation during 1991. For this report, the average number of vehicles per household is computed as the ratio of the total number of vehicles to the

311

Vehicle Technologies Office: Hybrid and Vehicle Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid and Vehicle Hybrid and Vehicle Systems to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Hybrid and Vehicle Systems on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Hybrid and Vehicle Systems on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Hybrid and Vehicle Systems on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Hybrid and Vehicle Systems on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Hybrid and Vehicle Systems on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Hybrid and Vehicle Systems on AddThis.com... Just the Basics Hybrid & Vehicle Systems Modeling & Simulation Integration & Validation Benchmarking Parasitic Loss Reduction Propulsion Systems Advanced Vehicle Evaluations Energy Storage Advanced Power Electronics & Electrical Machines

312

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Neighborhood Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Neighborhood Electric Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Neighborhood Electric Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Advanced Vehicle Testing...

313

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Urban Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Urban Electric Vehicles Toyota Urban Electric Vehicle Urban electric vehicles (UEVs) are regular passenger vehicles with top speeds of about 60 miles per hour (mph) and a...

314

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Urban Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Urban Electric Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Urban Electric Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Urban...

315

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Electric Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Hybrid...

316

Quantifying the fuel use and greenhouse gas reduction potential of electric and hybrid vehicles.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since 1989, the Northeast Sustainable Energy Association (NESEA) has organized the American Tour de Sol in which a wide variety of participants operate electric vehicles (EVs) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) for several hundred miles under various roadway conditions (e.g., city center and highway). The event offers a unique opportunity to collect on-the-road energy efficiency data for these EVs and HEVs as well as comparable gasoline-fueled conventional vehicles (CVs) that are driven under the same conditions. NESEA and Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) collaborated on collecting and analyzing vehicle efficiency data during the 1998 and 1999 NESEA American Tour de Sols. Using a transportation fuel-cycle model developed at ANL with data collected on vehicle fuel economy from the two events as well as electric generation mix data from the utilities that provided the electricity to charge the EVs on the two Tours, we estimated full fuel-cycle energy use and GHG emissions of EVs and CVs. This paper presents the data, methodology, and results of this study, including the full fuel-cycle energy use and GHG emission reduction potential of the EVs operating on the Tour.

Singh, M.; Wang, M.; Hazard, N.; Lewis, G.; Energy Systems; Northeast Sustainable Energy Association; Univ. of Michigan

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Compare New and Used Diesel Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

City 35 30 25 20 15 10 Combined 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 Highway Your Selections Search Diesel Vehicles & Fuels Compare Side by Side About Diesel Vehicles New & Upcoming Ultra-Low...

318

Screening report on cell materials for high-power Li-Ion HEV batteries.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Battery Technology Department at Argonne National Laboratory is a major participant in the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Technology Development (ATD) program. This multi-national laboratory program is dedicated to improving lithium-ion batteries for high-power HEV and FCEV applications. As part of the FreedomCAR Partnership, this program is addressing the three key barriers for high-power lithium-ion batteries: calendar life, abuse tolerance, and cost. All three of these barriers can be addressed by the choice of materials used in the cell chemistry. To date, the ATD program has developed two high-power cell chemistries, denoted our Gen 1 and Gen 2 cell chemistries. The selection of materials for use in the Gen 2 cell chemistry was based largely on reducing material cost and extending cell calendar life, relative to our Gen 1 cell chemistry. Table 1 provides a list of the materials used in our Gen 2 cell chemistry and their projected costs, when produced in large-scale quantities. In evaluating advanced materials, we have focused our efforts on materials that are lower cost than those listed in Table 1, while simultaneously offering enhanced chemical, structural, and thermal stability. Therefore, we have focused on natural graphite anode materials (having round-edge particle morphologies), cathode materials that contain more Mn and less Co and Ni (which can be produced via low-cost processes), lower cost electrode binders and/or binders that possess superior bonding properties at lower concentrations, and lower cost salts and solvents (with superior thermal and oxidation/reduction stability) for use in the electrolyte. The purpose of this report is to document the results of screening tests that were performed on a large number of advanced low-cost materials. These materials were screened for their potential to impact positively on the calendar life, safety, and/or cost of high-power lithium-ion cell chemistries, relative to our Gen 2 cell chemistry. As part of this effort, we developed and employed a set of standard test protocols to evaluate all of the materials. After brief descriptions of the screening test methodologies and equipment, relevant data on each material are summarized in the body of this report. We have evaluated five categories of materials, and the report is organized accordingly. Results will be presented on advanced carbons for anodes, improved cathode materials, new salts and solvent systems, alternative binders, and novel separators.

Liu, J.; Kahaian, A.; Belharouak, I.; Kang, S.; Oliver, S.; Henriksen, S.; Amine, K.

2003-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

319

3 MICROSIMULATING AUTOMOBILE MARKETS: 4 EVOLUTION OF VEHICLE HOLDINGS AND VEHICLE-PRICING DYNAMICS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. This work combines an auction-style 33 microsimulation of vehicle prices and random-utility vehicles and the infrastructure they use, directly and peripherally. To understand and anticipate 46 travel to vehicle aging. This paper60 makes explicit the role of user preferences in vehicle price fluctuations

Kockelman, Kara M.

320

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study - Final Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

PHEVs have been the subject of growing interest in recent years because of their potential for reduced operating costs, oil displacement, national security, and environmental benefits. Despite the potential long-term savings to consumers and value to stakeholders, the initial cost of PHEVs presents a major market barrier to their widespread commercialization. The study Objectives are: (1) To identify and evaluate value-added propositions for PHEVs that will help overcome the initial price premium relative to comparable ICEs and HEVs and (2) to assess other non-monetary benefits and barriers associated with an emerging PHEV fleet, including environmental, societal, and grid impacts. Study results indicate that a single PHEV-30 on the road in 2030 will: (1) Consume 65% and 75% less gasoline than a comparable HEV and ICE, respectively; (2) Displace 7.25 and 4.25 barrels of imported oil each year if substituted for equivalent ICEs and HEVs, respectively, assuming 60% of the nation's oil consumed is imported; (3) Reduce net ownership cost over 10 years by 8-10% relative to a comparable ICE and be highly cost competitive with a comparable HEV; (4) Use 18-22% less total W2W energy than a comparable ICE, but 8-13% more than a comparable HEV (assuming a 70/30 split of E10 and E85 use in 2030); and (5) Emit 10% less W2W CO{sub 2} than equivalent ICEs in southern California and emits 13% more W2W CO{sub 2} than equivalent ICEs in the ECAR region. This also assumes a 70/30 split of E10 and E85 use in 2030. PHEVs and other plug-in vehicles on the road in 2030 may offer many valuable benefits to utilities, business owners, individual consumers, and society as a whole by: (1) Promoting national energy security by displacing large volumes of imported oil; (2) Supporting a secure economy through the expansion of domestic vehicle and component manufacturing; (3) Offsetting the vehicle's initial price premium with lifetime operating cost savings (e.g., lower fuel and maintenance costs); (4) Supporting the use of off-peak renewable energy through smart charging practices. However, smart grid technology is not a prerequisite for realizing the benefits of PHEVs; and (5) Potentially using its bidirectional electricity flow capability to aid in emergency situations or to help better manage a building's or entire grid's load.

Sikes, Karen [Sentech, Inc.; Hadley, Stanton W [ORNL; McGill, Ralph N [ORNL; Cleary, Timothy [Sentech, Inc.

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vehicles hevs combine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

NREL Helps Cool the Power Electronics in Electric Vehicles (Fact Sheet), The Spectrum of Clean Energy Innovation, NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Helps Cool the Power Helps Cool the Power Electronics in Electric Vehicles Researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) are developing and demonstrating innovative heat-transfer technologies for cooling power electronics devices in hybrid and electric vehicles. In collaboration with 3M and Wolverine Tube, Inc., NREL is using surface enhancements to dissipate heat more effectively, permitting a reduction in the size of power electronic systems and potentially reducing the overall costs of electric vehicles. Widespread use of advanced electric-drive vehicles-including electric vehicles (EVs) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs)-could revolutionize transportation and dramatically reduce U.S. oil consumption. Improving the cost and performance of these vehicles' electric-drive systems

322

Vehicle Technologies Office: Vehicle Technologies Office Recognizes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vehicle Technologies Vehicle Technologies Office Recognizes Outstanding Researchers to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Vehicle Technologies Office Recognizes Outstanding Researchers on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Vehicle Technologies Office Recognizes Outstanding Researchers on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Vehicle Technologies Office Recognizes Outstanding Researchers on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Vehicle Technologies Office Recognizes Outstanding Researchers on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Vehicle Technologies Office Recognizes Outstanding Researchers on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Vehicle Technologies Office Recognizes Outstanding Researchers on AddThis.com...

323

Household Vehicles Energy Consumption 1991  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

. . Vehicle Fuel Efficiency and Consumption Fuel consumption is estimated from RTECS data on the vehicle stock (Chapter 2) and miles traveled (Chapter 3), in combination with vehicle fuel efficiency ratings, adjusted to account for individual driving circumstances. The first two sections of this chapter present estimates of household vehicle fuel efficiency and household fuel consumption calculated from these fuel efficiency estimates. These sections also discuss variations in fuel efficiency and consumption based on differences in household and vehicle characteristics. The third section presents EIA estimates of the potential savings from replacing the oldest (and least fuel-efficient) household vehicles with new (and more fuel-efficient) vehicles. The final section of this chapter focuses on households receiving (or eligible to receive) supplemental income under

324

Current status of environmental, health, and safety issues of electrochemical capacitors for advanced vehicle applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Electrochemical capacitors are a candidate for traction power assists in hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). Other advanced automotive applications, while not the primary focus of current development efforts, are also possible. These include load leveling high-energy batteries, power conditioning electronics, electrically hated catalysts, electric power steering, and engine starter power. Higher power and longer cycle life are expected for electrochemical capacitors than for batteries. Evaluation of environmental, health, and safety (EH and S) issues of electrochemical capacitors is an essential part of the development and commercialization of electrochemical capacitors for advanced vehicles. This report provides an initial EH and S assessment. This report presents electrochemical capacitor electrochemistry, materials selection, intrinsic material hazards, mitigation of those hazards, environmental requirements, pollution control options, and shipping requirements. Most of the information available for this assessment pertains to commercial devices intended for application outside the advanced vehicle market and to experiment or prototype devices. Electrochemical capacitors for power assists in HEVs are not produced commercially now. Therefore, materials for advanced vehicle electrochemical capacitors may change, and so would the corresponding EH and S issues. Although changes are possible, this report describes issues for likely electrochemical capacitor designs.

Vimmerstedt, L.J.; Hammel, C.J.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Electric vehicles  

SciTech Connect

Quiet, clean, and efficient, electric vehicles (EVs) may someday become a practical mode of transportation for the general public. Electric vehicles can provide many advantages for the nation's environment and energy supply because they run on electricity, which can be produced from many sources of energy such as coal, natural gas, uranium, and hydropower. These vehicles offer fuel versatility to the transportation sector, which depends almost solely on oil for its energy needs. Electric vehicles are any mode of transportation operated by a motor that receives electricity from a battery or fuel cell. EVs come in all shapes and sizes and may be used for different tasks. Some EVs are small and simple, such as golf carts and electric wheel chairs. Others are larger and more complex, such as automobile and vans. Some EVs, such as fork lifts, are used in industries. In this fact sheet, we will discuss mostly automobiles and vans. There are also variations on electric vehicles, such as hybrid vehicles and solar-powered vehicles. Hybrid vehicles use electricity as their primary source of energy, however, they also use a backup source of energy, such as gasoline, methanol or ethanol. Solar-powered vehicles are electric vehicles that use photovoltaic cells (cells that convert solar energy to electricity) rather than utility-supplied electricity to recharge the batteries. This paper discusses these concepts.

Not Available

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Study of Advantages of PM Drive Motor with Selectable Windings for HEVs  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The gains in efficiency and reduction in battery costs that can be achieved by changing the effective number of stator turns in an electric motor are demonstrated by simulating the performance of an electric vehicle on a set of eight standard driving cycles.

Otaduy, Pedro J [ORNL; Hsu, John S [ORNL; Adams, Donald J [ORNL

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Projected Cost, Energy Use, and Emissions of Hydrogen Technologies for Fuel Cell Vehicles  

SciTech Connect

Each combination of technologies necessary to produce, deliver, and distribute hydrogen for transportation use has a corresponding levelized cost, energy requirement, and greenhouse gas emission profile depending upon the technologies' efficiencies and costs. Understanding the technical status, potential, and tradeoffs is necessary to properly allocate research and development (R&D) funding. In this paper, levelized delivered hydrogen costs, pathway energy use, and well-to-wheels (WTW) energy use and emissions are reported for multiple hydrogen production, delivery, and distribution pathways. Technologies analyzed include both central and distributed reforming of natural gas and electrolysis of water, and central hydrogen production from biomass and coal. Delivery options analyzed include trucks carrying liquid hydrogen and pipelines carrying gaseous hydrogen. Projected costs, energy use, and emissions for current technologies (technology that has been developed to at least the bench-scale, extrapolated to commercial-scale) are reported. Results compare favorably with those for gasoline, diesel, and E85 used in current internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles, gasoline hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), and flexible fuel vehicles. Sensitivities of pathway cost, pathway energy use, WTW energy use, and WTW emissions to important primary parameters were examined as an aid in understanding the benefits of various options. Sensitivity studies on production process energy efficiency, total production process capital investment, feed stock cost, production facility operating capacity, electricity grid mix, hydrogen vehicle market penetration, distance from the hydrogen production facility to city gate, and other parameters are reported. The Hydrogen Macro-System Model (MSM) was used for this analysis. The MSM estimates the cost, energy use, and emissions trade offs of various hydrogen production, delivery, and distribution pathways under consideration. The MSM links the H2A Production Model, the Hydrogen Delivery Scenario Analysis Model (HDSAM), and the Greenhouse Gas, Regulated Emission, and Energy for Transportation (GREET) Model. The MSM utilizes the capabilities of each component model and ensures the use of consistent parameters between the models to enable analysis of full hydrogen production, delivery, and distribution pathways. To better understand spatial aspects of hydrogen pathways, the MSM is linked to the Hydrogen Demand and Resource Analysis Tool (HyDRA). The MSM is available to the public and enables users to analyze the pathways and complete sensitivity analyses.

Ruth, M. F.; Diakov, V.; Laffen, M. J.; Timbario, T. A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Electric Vehicles  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Electricity can be used as a transportation fuel to power battery electric vehicles (EVs). EVs store electricity in an energy storage device, such as a battery.

329

Energy Basics: Propane Vehicles  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

gasoline vehicles. Dedicated propane vehicles are designed to run only on propane; bi-fuel propane vehicles have two separate fueling systems that enable the vehicle to use...

330

Flex-fuel Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vehicles Stations that Sell E85 (Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center AFDC) Flexible Fuel Vehicle (FFV) Cost Calculator (compare costs for operating your vehicle...

331

Neighborhood Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Neighborhood Electric Vehicles A neighborhood electric vehicle (NEV) is 4-wheeled vehicle, larger than a golf cart but smaller than most light-duty passenger vehicles. NEVs are...

332

New and Upcoming Diesel Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2014 Model Year Diesels Vehicle EPA MPG Estimates Price (MSRP) Audi A6 quattro Midsize Car Audi A6 quattro Chart: City, 24; Highway, 38; Combined, 29 45,200-57,500 Audi A7...

333

Technology and Cost of the MY 2007 toyota Camry HEV -- A Subcontract Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) provides research and development (R&D) support to the Department of Energy on issues related to the cost and performance of hybrid vehicles. ORNL frequently benchmarks its own research against commercially available hybrid components currently used in the market. In 2005 we completed a detailed review of the cost of the second generation Prius hybrid. This study examines the new 2007 Camry hybrid model for changes in technology and cost relative to the Prius. The work effort involved a detailed review of the Camry hybrid and the system control strategy to identify the hybrid components used in the drive train. Section 2 provides this review while Section 3 presents our detailed evaluation of the specific drive train components and their cost estimates. Section 3 also provides a summary of the total electrical drive train cost for the Camry hybrid vehicle and contrasts these estimates to the costs for the second generation Prius that we estimated in 2005. Most of the information on cost and performance were derived from meetings with the technical staff of Toyota, Nissan, and some key Tier I suppliers like Hitachi and Panasonic Electric Vehicle Energy (PEVE) and we thank these companies for their kind cooperation.

Marlino, Laura D [ORNL

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Technology and Cost of the Model Year (MY) 2007 Toyota Camry HEV Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) provides research and development (R&D) support to the Department of Energy on issues related to the cost and performance of hybrid vehicles. ORNL frequently benchmarks its own research against commercially available hybrid components currently used in the market. In 2005 we completed a detailed review of the cost of the second generation Prius hybrid. This study examines the new 2007 Camry hybrid model for changes in technology and cost relative to the Prius. The work effort involved a detailed review of the Camry hybrid and the system control strategy to identify the hybrid components used in the drive train. Section 2 provides this review while Section 3 presents our detailed evaluation of the specific drive train components and their cost estimates. Section 3 also provides a summary of the total electrical drive train cost for the Camry hybrid vehicle and contrasts these estimates to the costs for the second generation Prius that we estimated in 2005. Most of the information on cost and performance were derived from meetings with the technical staff of Toyota, Nissan, and some key Tier I suppliers like Hitachi and Panasonic Electric Vehicle Energy (PEVE) and we thank these companies for their kind cooperation.

2007-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

335

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Neighborhood Electric Vehicle...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Projects to someone by E-mail Share Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Neighborhood Electric Vehicle Special Projects on Facebook Tweet about Advanced Vehicle Testing...

336

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Alternative Fuel Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Alternative Fuel Vehicles SuperShuttle CNG Van Alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) are vehicles designed to operate on alternative fuels such as compressed and liquefied natural gas,...

337

Vehicle Technologies Office: Hybrid and Vehicle Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid and Vehicle Systems Hybrid and vehicle systems research provides an overarching vehicle systems perspective to the technology research and development (R&D) activities of...

338

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Neighborhood Electric Vehicle...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Procedures to someone by E-mail Share Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Neighborhood Electric Vehicle Specifications and Test Procedures on Facebook Tweet about Advanced Vehicle...

339

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity - Neighborhood Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Neighborhood Electric Vehicles What's New 2013 BRP Commander Electric (PDF 195KB) A Neighborhood Electric Vehicle (NEV) is technically defined as a Low Speed Vehicle (LSV)...

340

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity - Neighborhood Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NEVAmerica Baseline Performance Testing 2010 Electric Vehicles International Neighborhood Electric Vehicle 2010 Electric Vehicles International E-Mega 2009 NEVAmerica Baseline...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vehicles hevs combine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Ultracapacitors and Batteries in Hybrid Vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Using an ultracapacitor in conjunction with a battery in a hybrid vehicle combines the power performance of the former with the greater energy storage capability of the latter.

Pesaran, A.; Markel, T.; Zolot, M.; Sprik, S.

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Fuel economy standards have affected vehicle efficiency - Today in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Greenhouse gas data, voluntary report- ing, electric power plant emissions. Highlights ... Notes: Combined means both foreign and domestic vehicles.

343

Integrated Vehicle Thermal Management for Advanced Vehicle Propulsion Technologies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A critical element to the success of new propulsion technologies that enable reductions in fuel use is the integration of component thermal management technologies within a viable vehicle package. Vehicle operation requires vehicle thermal management systems capable of balancing the needs of multiple vehicle systems that may require heat for operation, require cooling to reject heat, or require operation within specified temperature ranges. As vehicle propulsion transitions away from a single form of vehicle propulsion based solely on conventional internal combustion engines (ICEs) toward a wider array of choices including more electrically dominant systems such as plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), new challenges arise associated with vehicle thermal management. As the number of components that require active thermal management increase, so do the costs in terms of dollars, weight, and size. Integrated vehicle thermal management is one pathway to address the cost, weight, and size challenges. The integration of the power electronics and electric machine (PEEM) thermal management with other existing vehicle systems is one path for reducing the cost of electric drive systems. This work demonstrates techniques for evaluating and quantifying the integrated transient and continuous heat loads of combined systems incorporating electric drive systems that operate primarily under transient duty cycles, but the approach can be extended to include additional steady-state duty cycles typical for designing vehicle thermal management systems of conventional vehicles. The work compares opportunities to create an integrated low temperature coolant loop combining the power electronics and electric machine with the air conditioning system in contrast to a high temperature system integrated with the ICE cooling system.

Bennion, K.; Thornton, M.

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Hybrid Electric Vehicle and Lithium Polymer NEV Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

fleet, dynamometer, and closed track environments. This paper discusses some of the HEV test results, with an emphasis on the battery performance of the HEVs. It also discusses the...

345

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle and Engine...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

ElDorado National - E-Z Rider II BRT Thomas Built Buses - Saf-T-Liner C2e Hybrid Freightliner - M2 106 Hybrid Nova Bus - LFS Artic HEV Nova Bus - LFS HEV Nova Bus - LFX Cummins -...

346

Diesel Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vehicles Vehicles Audi A3 Diesel vehicles may be making a comeback. Diesel engines are more powerful and fuel-efficient than similar-sized gasoline engines (about 30-35% more fuel efficient). Plus, today's diesel vehicles are much improved over diesels of the past. Better Performance Improved fuel injection and electronic engine control technologies have Increased power Improved acceleration Increased efficiency New engine designs, along with noise- and vibration-damping technologies, have made them quieter and smoother. Cold-weather starting has been improved also. Cleaner Mercedes ML320 BlueTEC Today's diesels must meet the same emissions standards as gasoline vehicles. Advances in engine technologies, ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel, and improved exhaust treatment have made this possible.

347

Gas Mileage of 2007 Vehicles by Ford  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 Ford Vehicles 7 Ford Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2007 Ford Crown Victoria 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2007 Ford Crown Victoria View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 18 Combined 23 Highway 2007 Ford Crown Victoria 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2007 Ford Crown Victoria View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Gas 15 City 18 Combined 23 Highway E85 11 City 13 Combined 16 Highway 2007 Ford Edge AWD 6 cyl, 3.5 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2007 Ford Edge AWD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 18 Combined 22 Highway 2007 Ford Edge FWD 6 cyl, 3.5 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2007 Ford Edge FWD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 19 Combined 23

348

Gas Mileage of 2008 Vehicles by Ford  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 Ford Vehicles 8 Ford Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2008 Ford Crown Victoria FFV 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2008 Ford Crown Victoria FFV View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Gas 15 City 18 Combined 23 Highway E85 11 City 13 Combined 16 Highway 2008 Ford Edge AWD 6 cyl, 3.5 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2008 Ford Edge AWD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 18 Combined 22 Highway 2008 Ford Edge FWD 6 cyl, 3.5 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2008 Ford Edge FWD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 19 Combined 24 Highway 2008 Ford Escape 4WD 4 cyl, 2.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2008 Ford Escape 4WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 19 City 21 Combined 24

349

Gas Mileage of 2008 Vehicles by Dodge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 Dodge Vehicles 8 Dodge Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2008 Dodge Avenger 4 cyl, 2.4 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2008 Dodge Avenger View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 21 City 24 Combined 30 Highway 2008 Dodge Avenger 6 cyl, 3.5 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2008 Dodge Avenger View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 19 Combined 26 Highway 2008 Dodge Avenger 6 cyl, 2.7 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2008 Dodge Avenger View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Gas 19 City 22 Combined 27 Highway E85 13 City 16 Combined 20 Highway 2008 Dodge Avenger 6 cyl, 2.7 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2008 Dodge Avenger View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 19 City 22 Combined 27 Highway 2008 Dodge Avenger AWD 6 cyl, 3.5 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gasoline

350

Vehicle Technologies Office: 2011 Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Archive 1 Archive #707 Illustration of Truck Classes December 26, 2011 #706 Vocational Vehicle Fuel Consumption Standards December 19, 2011 #705 Fuel Consumption Standards for Combination Tractors December 12, 2011 #704 Fuel Consumption Standards for New Heavy Pickups and Vans December 5, 2011 #703 Hybrid Vehicles Lose Market Share in 2010 November 28, 2011 #702 Consumer Preferences on Electric Vehicle Charging November 21, 2011 #701 How Much More Would You Pay for an Electric Vehicle? November 14, 2011 #700 Biodiesel Consumption is on the Rise for 2011 November 7, 2011 #699 Transportation Energy Use by Mode and Fuel Type, 2009 October 31, 2011 #698 Changes in the Federal Highway Administration Vehicle Travel Data October 24, 2011 #697 Comparison of Vehicles per Thousand People in Selected Countries/Regions October 17, 2011

351

Energy Basics: Fuel Cell Vehicles  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

& Fuels Printable Version Share this resource Fuels Vehicles Electric Vehicles Flexible Fuel Vehicles Fuel Cell Vehicles Hybrid Electric Vehicles Natural Gas Vehicles Propane...

352

Energy Basics: Flexible Fuel Vehicles  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

& Fuels Printable Version Share this resource Fuels Vehicles Electric Vehicles Flexible Fuel Vehicles Fuel Cell Vehicles Hybrid Electric Vehicles Natural Gas Vehicles Propane...

353

Energy Basics: Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

& Fuels Printable Version Share this resource Fuels Vehicles Electric Vehicles Flexible Fuel Vehicles Fuel Cell Vehicles Hybrid Electric Vehicles Natural Gas Vehicles Propane...

354

Energy Basics: Natural Gas Vehicles  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

& Fuels Printable Version Share this resource Fuels Vehicles Electric Vehicles Flexible Fuel Vehicles Fuel Cell Vehicles Hybrid Electric Vehicles Natural Gas Vehicles Propane...

355

Battery Ownership Model: A Tool for Evaluating the Economics of Electrified Vehicles and Related Infrastructure (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This presentation uses a vehicle simulator and economics model called the Battery Ownership Model to examine the levelized cost per mile of conventional (CV) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) in comparison with the cost to operate an electric vehicle (EV) under a service provider business model. The service provider is assumed to provide EV infrastructure such as charge points and swap stations to allow an EV with a 100-mile range to operate with driving profiles equivalent to CVs and HEVs. Battery cost, fuel price forecast, battery life, and other variables are examined to determine under what scenarios the levelized cost of an EV with a service provider can approach that of a CV. Scenarios in both the United States as an average and Hawaii are examined. The levelized cost of operating an EV with a service provider under average U.S. conditions is approximately twice the cost of operating a small CV. If battery cost and life can be improved, in this study the cost of an EV drops to under 1.5 times the cost of a CV for U.S. average conditions. In Hawaii, the same EV is only slightly more expensive to operate than a CV.

O'Keefe, M.; Brooker, A.; Johnson, C.; Mendelsohn, M.; Neubauer, J.; Pesaran, A.

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Vehicle Technologies Office: Key Activities in Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Key Activities in Key Activities in Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Key Activities in Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Key Activities in Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Key Activities in Vehicles on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Key Activities in Vehicles on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Key Activities in Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Key Activities in Vehicles on AddThis.com... Key Activities Mission, Vision, & Goals Plans, Implementation, & Results Organization & Contacts National Laboratories Budget Partnerships Key Activities in Vehicles We conduct work in four key areas to develop and deploy vehicle technologies that reduce the use of petroleum while maintaining or

357

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #411: February 13, 2006 States that Allow  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1: February 13, 1: February 13, 2006 States that Allow Longer Combination Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #411: February 13, 2006 States that Allow Longer Combination Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #411: February 13, 2006 States that Allow Longer Combination Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #411: February 13, 2006 States that Allow Longer Combination Vehicles on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #411: February 13, 2006 States that Allow Longer Combination Vehicles on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #411: February 13, 2006 States that Allow Longer Combination Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #411:

358

VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Page 1 of 5 Page 1 of 5 VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS 1 Vehicle Features Base Vehicle: 2011 Nissan Leaf VIN: JN1AZ0CP5BT000356 Class: Mid-size Seatbelt Positions: 5 Type: EV Motor Type: Three-Phase, Four-Pole Permanent Magnet AC Synchronous Max. Power/Torque: 80 kW/280 Nm Max. Motor Speed: 10,390 rpm Cooling: Active - Liquid cooled Battery Manufacturer: Automotive Energy Supply Corporation Type: Lithium-ion - Laminate type Cathode/Anode Material: LiMn 2 O 4 with LiNiO 2 /Graphite Pack Location: Under center of vehicle Number of Cells: 192 Cell Configuration: 2 parallel, 96 series Nominal Cell Voltage: 3.8 V Nominal System Voltage: 364.8 V Rated Pack Capacity: 66.2 Ah Rated Pack Energy: 24 kWh Max. Cell Charge Voltage 2 : 4.2 V Min. Cell Discharge Voltage 2 : 2.5 V

359

Vehicle Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

E27C177982 Vehicle Specifications Engine: 2.5 L 4-cylinder Electric Motor: 105 kW Battery: NiMH Seatbelt Positions: Five Payload: 981 lbs Features: Regenerative braking Traction...

360

Vehicle Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

E87C172351 Vehicle Specifications Engine: 2.5 L 4-cylinder Electric Motor: 105 kW Battery: NiMH Seatbelt Positions: Five Payload: 981 lbs Features: Regenerative braking Traction...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vehicles hevs combine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Vehicle Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Z07S838122 Vehicle Specifications Engine: 2.4 L 4 cylinder Electric Motor: 14.5 kW Battery: NiMH Seatbelt Positions: Five Payload: 1,244 lbs Features: Regenerative braking wABS 4...

362

Vehicle Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2AR194699 Vehicle Specifications Engine: 2.5 L 4-cylinder Electric Motor: 60 kW Battery: NiMH Seatbelt Positions: Five Payload: 850 lbs Features: Regenerative braking Traction...

363

Vehicle Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2WD VIN 1FMYU95H75KC45881 Vehicle Specifications Engine: 2.3 L 4-cylinder Electric Motor: 70 kW Battery: NiMH Seatbelt Positions: Five Features: Four wheel drive Regenerative...

364

Vehicle Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4AR144757 Vehicle Specifications Engine: 2.5 L 4-cylinder Electric Motor: 60 kW Battery: NiMH Seatbelt Positions: Five Payload: 850 lbs Features: Regenerative braking Traction...

365

Vehicle Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Z37S813344 Vehicle Specifications Engine: 2.4 L 4 cylinder Electric Motor: 14.5 kW Battery: NiMH Seatbelt Positions: Five Payload: 1,244 lbs Features: Regenerative braking wABS 4...

366

Vehicle Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4WD VIN 1FMCU96H15KE18237 Vehicle Specifications Engine: 2.4 L 4-cylinder Electric Motor: 70 kW Battery: NiMH Seatbelt Positions: Five Features: Four wheel drive Regenerative...

367

Robotic vehicle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A robotic vehicle is described for travel through a conduit. The robotic vehicle includes forward and rear housings each having a hub portion, and each being provided with surface engaging mechanisms for selectively engaging the walls of the conduit such that the housings can be selectively held in stationary positions within the conduit. The surface engaging mechanisms of each housing includes a plurality of extendable appendages, each of which is radially extendable relative to the operatively associated hub portion between a retracted position and a radially extended position. The robotic vehicle also includes at least three selectively extendable members extending between the forward and rear housings, for selectively changing the distance between the forward and rear housings to effect movement of the robotic vehicle. 20 figs.

Box, W.D.

1997-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

368

Gas Mileage of 2001 Vehicles by BMW  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 BMW Vehicles 1 BMW Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2001 BMW 325ci 6 cyl, 2.5 L, Automatic 5-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 2001 BMW 325ci View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 17 City 20 Combined 25 Highway 2001 BMW 325ci 6 cyl, 2.5 L, Manual 5-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 2001 BMW 325ci View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 18 City 21 Combined 27 Highway 2001 BMW 325ci Convertible 6 cyl, 2.5 L, Automatic 5-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 2001 BMW 325ci Convertible View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 17 City 19 Combined 24 Highway 2001 BMW 325ci Convertible 6 cyl, 2.5 L, Manual 5-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 2001 BMW 325ci Convertible View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 17 City 20 Combined 24 Highway 2001 BMW 325i 6 cyl, 2.5 L, Automatic 5-spd, Premium Gasoline

369

Gas Mileage of 1997 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 Mercury Vehicles 7 Mercury Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1997 Mercury Cougar 6 cyl, 3.8 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1997 Mercury Cougar View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 19 Combined 24 Highway 1997 Mercury Cougar 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1997 Mercury Cougar View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 18 Combined 23 Highway 1997 Mercury Grand Marquis 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1997 Mercury Grand Marquis View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 18 Combined 23 Highway 1997 Mercury Mountaineer 2WD 8 cyl, 5.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1997 Mercury Mountaineer 2WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 12 City 14 Combined 17 Highway 1997 Mercury Mountaineer 4WD 8 cyl, 5.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline

370

Gas Mileage of 2001 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Mercury Vehicles 1 Mercury Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2001 Mercury Cougar 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2001 Mercury Cougar View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 21 City 24 Combined 31 Highway 2001 Mercury Cougar 6 cyl, 2.5 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2001 Mercury Cougar View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 18 City 21 Combined 26 Highway 2001 Mercury Cougar 6 cyl, 2.5 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2001 Mercury Cougar View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 18 City 21 Combined 27 Highway 2001 Mercury Grand Marquis 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2001 Mercury Grand Marquis View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 18 Combined 23 Highway 2001 Mercury Mountaineer 2WD 6 cyl, 4.0 L, Automatic 5-spd, Regular Gasoline

371

Gas Mileage of 1991 Vehicles by Volvo  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Volvo Vehicles 1 Volvo Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1991 Volvo 240 4 cyl, 2.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1991 Volvo 240 View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 18 City 20 Combined 23 Highway 1991 Volvo 240 4 cyl, 2.3 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1991 Volvo 240 View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 19 City 21 Combined 26 Highway 1991 Volvo 240 Wagon 4 cyl, 2.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1991 Volvo 240 Wagon 18 City 20 Combined 23 Highway 1991 Volvo 240 Wagon 4 cyl, 2.3 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1991 Volvo 240 Wagon View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 19 City 22 Combined 26 Highway 1991 Volvo 740 4 cyl, 2.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1991 Volvo 740 View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners

372

Gas Mileage of 2002 Vehicles by Toyota  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Toyota Vehicles 2 Toyota Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2002 Toyota 4Runner 2WD 6 cyl, 3.4 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2002 Toyota 4Runner 2WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 16 Combined 18 Highway 2002 Toyota 4Runner 4WD 6 cyl, 3.4 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2002 Toyota 4Runner 4WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 16 Combined 18 Highway 2002 Toyota Avalon 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2002 Toyota Avalon View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 19 City 22 Combined 27 Highway 2002 Toyota Camry 4 cyl, 2.4 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2002 Toyota Camry View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 21 City 24 Combined 29 Highway 2002 Toyota Camry 4 cyl, 2.4 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline

373

Gas Mileage of 2004 Vehicles by Volkswagen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 Volkswagen Vehicles 4 Volkswagen Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2004 Volkswagen GTI 4 cyl, 1.8 L, Manual 5-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 2004 Volkswagen GTI View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 21 City 24 Combined 28 Highway 2004 Volkswagen GTI 4 cyl, 1.8 L, Automatic (S5), Premium Gasoline Compare 2004 Volkswagen GTI View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 19 City 22 Combined 27 Highway 2004 Volkswagen GTI 6 cyl, 2.8 L, Manual 6-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 2004 Volkswagen GTI View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 19 City 22 Combined 27 Highway 2004 Volkswagen Golf 4 cyl, 1.9 L, Manual 5-spd, Diesel Compare 2004 Volkswagen Golf View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 32 City 36 Combined 42 Highway 2004 Volkswagen Golf 4 cyl, 1.9 L, Automatic (S5), Diesel Compare 2004 Volkswagen Golf

374

untitled  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

test tracks and fleet testing arrangements 3 Vehicle Testing Objectives - cont'd * Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) - Reduce HEV battery and vehicle uncertainties and document...

375

Composit, Nanoparticle-Based Anode material for Li-ion Batteries Applied in Hybrid Electric (HEV's)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Lithium-ion batteries are promising energy storage devices in hybrid and electric vehicles with high specific energy values ({approx}150 Wh/kg), energy density ({approx}400 Wh/L), and long cycle life (>15 years). However, applications in hybrid and electric vehicles require increased energy density and improved low-temperature (<-10 C) performance. Silicon-based anodes are inexpensive, environmentally benign, and offer excellent theoretical capacity values ({approx}4000 mAh/g), leading to significantly less anode material and thus increasing the overall energy density value for the complete battery (>500 Wh/L). However, tremendous volume changes occur during cycling of pure silicon-based anodes. The expansion and contraction of these silicon particles causes them to fracture and lose electrical contact to the current collector ultimately severely limiting their cycle life. In Phase I of this project Yardney Technical Products, Inc. proposed development of a carbon/nano-silicon composite anode material with improved energy density and silicon's cycleability. In the carbon/nano-Si composite, silicon nanoparticles were embedded in a partially-graphitized carbonaceous matrix. The cycle life of anode material would be extended by decreasing the average particle size of active material (silicon) and by encapsulation of silicon nanoparticles in a ductile carbonaceous matrix. Decreasing the average particle size to a nano-region would also shorten Li-ion diffusion path and thus improve rate capability of the silicon-based anodes. Improved chemical inertness towards PC-based, low-temperature electrolytes was expected as an additional benefit of a thin, partially graphitized coating around the active electrode material.

Dr. Malgorzata Gulbinska

2009-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

376

Gas Mileage of 1999 Vehicles by GMC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1999 GMC Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1999 GMC EV1 Automatic (A1), Electricity Compare 1999 GMC EV1 kWh100 mi 43 City 40 Combined 36 Highway MPGe 79 City 85 Combined 94...

377

Gas Mileage of 2012 Vehicles by BYD  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

12 BYD Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2012 BYD e6 Automatic 4-spd, Electricity Compare 2012 BYD e6 kWh100 mi 56 City 54 Combined 52 Highway MPGe 60 City 62 Combined 64...

378

Gas Mileage of 2000 Vehicles by Nissan  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Shared By Vehicle Owners 21 City 24 Combined 28 Highway 2000 Nissan Altra EV , Electricity Compare 2000 Nissan Altra EV kWh100 mi 41 City 40 Combined 37 Highway MPGe 81 City...

379

Gas Mileage of 2010 Vehicles by Lincoln  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

By Vehicle Owners Gas 14 City 16 Combined 20 Highway E85 9 City 11 Combined 13 Highway 2010 Lincoln Town Car FFV 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2010...

380

Predictive energy management for hybrid electric vehicles -Prediction horizon and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Predictive energy management for hybrid electric vehicles - Prediction horizon and battery capacity of a combined hybrid electric vehicle. Keywords: Hybrid vehicles, Energy Management, Predictive control, Optimal on a sliding window in order to minimize the hybrid vehicle fuel consumption. For real time implementation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vehicles hevs combine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Engine Selection, Modeling, and Control Development for an Extended Range Electric Vehicle.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Increased pressure for fuel economy improvement in combination with rapid development of battery technology has brought focus to new vehicle architectures like: hybrid electric vehicles… (more)

Cooley, Robert Bradley

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Gas Mileage of 2006 Vehicles by Chevrolet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 Chevrolet Vehicles 6 Chevrolet Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2006 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 2WD 8 cyl, 5.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2006 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 2WD Gas 13 City 14 Combined 17 Highway E85 10 City 11 Combined 13 Highway 2006 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 4WD 8 cyl, 5.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2006 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 4WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Gas 13 City 14 Combined 17 Highway E85 10 City 11 Combined 13 Highway 2006 Chevrolet Aveo 5 4 cyl, 1.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2006 Chevrolet Aveo 5 View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 21 City 25 Combined 31 Highway 2006 Chevrolet Aveo 5 4 cyl, 1.6 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2006 Chevrolet Aveo 5 View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners

383

VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS 1 Vehicle Features Base Vehicle: 2011 Chevrolet Volt VIN: 1G1RD6E48BUI00815 Class: Compact Seatbelt Positions: 4 Type 2 : Multi-Mode PHEV (EV, Series, and Power-split) Motor Type: 12-pole permanent magnet AC synchronous Max. Power/Torque: 111 kW/370 Nm Max. Motor Speed: 9500 rpm Cooling: Active - Liquid cooled Generator Type: 16-pole permanent magnet AC synchronous Max. Power/Torque: 55 kW/200 Nm Max. Generator Speed: 6000 rpm Cooling: Active - Liquid cooled Battery Manufacturer: LG Chem Type: Lithium-ion Cathode/Anode Material: LiMn 2 O 4 /Hard Carbon Number of Cells: 288 Cell Config.: 3 parallel, 96 series Nominal Cell Voltage: 3.7 V Nominal System Voltage: 355.2 V Rated Pack Capacity: 45 Ah Rated Pack Energy: 16 kWh Weight of Pack: 435 lb

384

Vehicles | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vehicles Jump to: navigation, search TODO: Add description Related Links List of Companies in Vehicles Sector List of Vehicles Incentives Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

385

Advanced Vehicle Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

combustion engine vehicles operating on 100% hydrogen (H2) and H2CNG (compressed natural gas) blended fuels, hybrid electric vehicles, neighborhood electric vehicles, urban...

386

Alternative Vehicle Basics  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

There are a number of alternative and advanced vehicles—or vehicles that run on alternative fuels. Learn more about the following types of vehicles:

387

Vehicles News  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

news Office of Energy Efficiency & news Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Forrestal Building 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 en Energy Department Announces $45 Million to Advance Next-Generation Vehicle Technologies http://energy.gov/eere/articles/energy-department-announces-45-million-advance-next-generation Energy Department Announces $45 Million to Advance Next-Generation Vehicle Technologies

388

Vehicle Setup Information Downloadable Dynamometer Database (D  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mercedes S400h Mercedes S400h Test cell location APRF- 4WD Vehicle Setup Information Downloadable Dynamometer Database (D 3 )- Test Summary Sheet Vehicle architecture HEV Vehicle Dynamometer Input Document date 6/25/2013 Advanced Powertrain Research Facility Test weight [lb] Target A [lb] 4878 49.31 Target B [lb/mph] Target C [lb/mph^2] 0.41014 0.01722 Revision number 2 Notes: Test Fuel Information Fuel type EPA Tier II EEE Gasoline Fuel density [g/ml] Fuel Net HV [BTU/lbm] 0.741 18459 T e s t I D [ # ] C y c l e C o l d s t a r t ( C S t ) H o t s t a r t [ H S t ] D a t e T e s t C e l l T e m p [ C ] T e s t C e l l R H [ % ] T e s t C e l l B a r o [ i n / H g ] V e h i c l e c o o l i n g f a n s p e e d : S p e e d M a t c h [ S M ] o r c o n s t a n t s p e e d [ C S ] S o l a r L a m p s [ W / m 2 ] V e i c l e C l i m a t e C o n t r o l s e t t i n g s H o o d P o s i t i o n [ U p ] o r [ C l o s e d ] W i n d o w P o s i t i o n [ C l o s e d ] o r [ D o w n ] C y c l e D i s t a n c e [ m i

389

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Neighborhood Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Neighborhood Electric Vehicles Ford Think Neighbor A neighborhood electric vehicle (NEV) is a four-wheeled vehicle that has a top speed of 20-25 miles per hour (mph). It is larger...

390

VEHICLE DETAILS, BATTERY DESCRIPTION AND SPECIFICATIONS Vehicle...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Page 1 VEHICLE DETAILS, BATTERY DESCRIPTION AND SPECIFICATIONS Vehicle Details Base Vehicle: 2011 Nissan Leaf VIN: JN1AZ0CP5BT000356 Propulsion System: BEV Electric Machine: 80 kW...

391

Robotic vehicle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A robotic vehicle is described for travel through an enclosed or partially enclosed conduit or pipe including vertical and/or horizontal conduit or pipe. The robotic vehicle comprises forward and rear housings each provided with a surface engaging mechanism for selectively engaging the walls of the conduit through which the vehicle is travelling, whereby the housings are selectively held in a stationary position within the conduit. The vehicle also includes at least three selectively extendable members, each of which defines a cavity therein. The forward end portion of each extendable member is secured to the forward housing and the rear end portion of each housing is secured to the rear housing. Each of the extendable members is independently extendable from a retracted position to an extended position upon the injection of a gas under pressure into the cavity of the extendable member such that the distance between the forward housing and the rear housing can be selectively increased. Further, each of the extendable members is independently retractable from the extended position to the retracted position upon the application of a vacuum to the cavity of the extendable member such that the distance between the forward housing and the rear housing can be selectively decreased. 11 figures.

Box, W.D.

1994-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

392

Robotic vehicle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A robotic vehicle is described for travel through an enclosed or partially enclosed conduit or pipe including vertical and/or horizontal conduit or pipe. The robotic vehicle comprises forward and rear housings each provided with a surface engaging mechanism for selectively engaging the walls of the conduit through which the vehicle is travelling, whereby the housings are selectively held in a stationary position within the conduit. The vehicle also includes at least three selectively extendable members, each of which defines a cavity therein. The forward end portion of each extendable member is secured to the forward housing and the rear end portion of each housing is secured to the rear housing. Each of the extendable members is independently extendable from a retracted position to an extended position upon the injection of a gas under pressure into the cavity of the extendable member such that the distance between the forward housing and the rear housing can be selectively increased. Further, each of the extendable members is independently retractable from the extended position to the retracted position upon the application of a vacuum to the cavity of the extendable member such that the distance between the forward housing and the rear housing can be selectively decreased. 14 figs.

Box, W.D.

1996-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

393

Testing Electric Vehicle Demand in `Hybrid Households' Using a Reflexive Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

travel by electric and hybrid vehicles. SAE Technical PapersIn contrast to a hybrid vehicle which combines multipleElectric, Hybrid and Other Alternative Vehicles. A r t h u r

Kurani, Kenneth; Turrentine, Thomas; Sperling, Daniel

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Vehicle Smart  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: This article explores criteria necessary for reliable communication between electric vehicles (EVs) and electric vehicle service equipment (EVSE). Data will demonstrate that a G3-PLC system has already met the criteria established by the automotive and utility industries. Multiple international tests prove that a G3-PLC implementation is the optimal low-frequency solution. A similar version of this article appeared in the August 2011 issue of Power Systems Design magazine. For the first time, electric vehicles (EVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) are building a viable market of mobile electrical energy consumers. Not surprisingly, new relationships between electricity providers (the utility companies) and automobile owners are emerging. Many utilities already offer, or are planning to offer, special tariffs, including fixed monthly rates, to EV owners. EVs impose new dynamics and demands on the electrical supply itself. There is, in fact, a symbiotic relationship developing between the EV and energy provider. Because of their large storage capacity, often 10kVH, EVs draw currents of 80A or greater over a period of hours. This strains electrical grid components, especially low-voltage transformers which can overheat and fail while serving consumers ' homes. Meanwhile, the EVs ' electrical storage capacity can also reverse the current flow. It can then supply power back to the grid, thereby helping the utilities to meet demand peaks without starting up high-carbon-output diesel generators. To enable this new dynamic relationship, the EV and the energy provider must communicate. The utility must be able to authenticate the individual vehicle, and bidirectional communications is needed to support negotiation of power flow rates and direction. To

Jim Leclare; Principal Member; Technical Staff

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Gas Mileage of 2000 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2000 Mercury Vehicles 2000 Mercury Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2000 Mercury Cougar 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2000 Mercury Cougar 21 City 25 Combined 31 Highway 2000 Mercury Cougar 6 cyl, 2.5 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2000 Mercury Cougar View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 18 City 21 Combined 26 Highway 2000 Mercury Cougar 6 cyl, 2.5 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2000 Mercury Cougar View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 18 City 21 Combined 26 Highway 2000 Mercury Grand Marquis 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2000 Mercury Grand Marquis View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 18 Combined 23 Highway 2000 Mercury Mountaineer 2WD 6 cyl, 4.0 L, Automatic 5-spd, Regular Gasoline

396

Gas Mileage of 2008 Vehicles by GMC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 GMC Vehicles 8 GMC Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2008 GMC Acadia AWD 6 cyl, 3.6 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2008 GMC Acadia AWD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 18 Combined 22 Highway 2008 GMC Acadia FWD 6 cyl, 3.6 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2008 GMC Acadia FWD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 19 Combined 24 Highway 2008 GMC Canyon 2WD 4 cyl, 2.9 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2008 GMC Canyon 2WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 18 City 20 Combined 24 Highway 2008 GMC Canyon 2WD 4 cyl, 2.9 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2008 GMC Canyon 2WD 18 City 20 Combined 24 Highway 2008 GMC Canyon 2WD 5 cyl, 3.7 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2008 GMC Canyon 2WD

397

Gas Mileage of 2004 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 Mercury Vehicles 4 Mercury Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2004 Mercury Grand Marquis 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2004 Mercury Grand Marquis View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 18 Combined 23 Highway 2004 Mercury Marauder 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 2004 Mercury Marauder View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 17 Combined 21 Highway 2004 Mercury Monterey Wagon FWD 6 cyl, 4.2 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2004 Mercury Monterey Wagon FWD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 17 Combined 21 Highway 2004 Mercury Mountaineer 2WD 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2004 Mercury Mountaineer 2WD 13 City 15 Combined 18 Highway 2004 Mercury Mountaineer 2WD 6 cyl, 4.0 L, Automatic 5-spd, Regular Gasoline

398

Gas Mileage of 1998 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 Mercury Vehicles 8 Mercury Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1998 Mercury Grand Marquis 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1998 Mercury Grand Marquis View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 18 Combined 22 Highway 1998 Mercury Mountaineer 2WD 6 cyl, 4.0 L, Automatic 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1998 Mercury Mountaineer 2WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 14 City 16 Combined 18 Highway 1998 Mercury Mountaineer 2WD 8 cyl, 5.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1998 Mercury Mountaineer 2WD 12 City 14 Combined 17 Highway 1998 Mercury Mountaineer 4WD 6 cyl, 4.0 L, Automatic 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1998 Mercury Mountaineer 4WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 14 City 15 Combined 18 Highway 1998 Mercury Mountaineer 4WD 8 cyl, 5.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline

399

Gas Mileage of 2005 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 Mercury Vehicles 5 Mercury Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2005 Mercury Grand Marquis 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2005 Mercury Grand Marquis View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 19 Combined 23 Highway 2005 Mercury Mariner 2WD 4 cyl, 2.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2005 Mercury Mariner 2WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 19 City 21 Combined 24 Highway 2005 Mercury Mariner 2WD 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2005 Mercury Mariner 2WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 17 City 19 Combined 23 Highway 2005 Mercury Mariner 4WD 4 cyl, 2.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2005 Mercury Mariner 4WD 17 City 19 Combined 21 Highway 2005 Mercury Mariner 4WD 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline

400

Gas Mileage of 1995 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 Mercury Vehicles 5 Mercury Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1995 Mercury Cougar 6 cyl, 3.8 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1995 Mercury Cougar 17 City 19 Combined 24 Highway 1995 Mercury Cougar 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1995 Mercury Cougar View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 18 Combined 23 Highway 1995 Mercury Grand Marquis 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1995 Mercury Grand Marquis View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 18 Combined 23 Highway 1995 Mercury Mystique 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1995 Mercury Mystique View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 21 City 24 Combined 29 Highway 1995 Mercury Mystique 6 cyl, 2.5 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline

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401

Gas Mileage of 1993 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Mercury Vehicles 3 Mercury Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1993 Mercury Capri 4 cyl, 1.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1993 Mercury Capri 20 City 21 Combined 24 Highway 1993 Mercury Capri 4 cyl, 1.6 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1993 Mercury Capri View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 21 City 23 Combined 26 Highway 1993 Mercury Capri 4 cyl, 1.6 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1993 Mercury Capri View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 22 City 24 Combined 28 Highway 1993 Mercury Cougar 6 cyl, 3.8 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1993 Mercury Cougar 17 City 19 Combined 24 Highway 1993 Mercury Cougar 8 cyl, 5.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1993 Mercury Cougar View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15

402

Gas Mileage of 2007 Vehicles by BMW  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 BMW Vehicles 7 BMW Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2007 BMW 328ci 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Manual 6-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 2007 BMW 328ci View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 18 City 21 Combined 28 Highway 2007 BMW 328ci 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Automatic (S6), Premium Gasoline Compare 2007 BMW 328ci View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 18 City 22 Combined 28 Highway 2007 BMW 328ci Convertible 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Manual 6-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 2007 BMW 328ci Convertible 17 City 21 Combined 27 Highway 2007 BMW 328ci Convertible 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Automatic (S6), Premium Gasoline Compare 2007 BMW 328ci Convertible View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 18 City 21 Combined 27 Highway 2007 BMW 328cxi 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Manual 6-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 2007 BMW 328cxi 17 City

403

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity - Urban Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

are designed to carry two or four passengers. Click here for more information About Urban Electric Vehicles (PDF 128KB) Vehicle Testing Reports Ford THINK City Ford Thnk...

404

Vehicle Technologies Office: Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

that feature one or more advanced technologies, including: Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle technologies Extended range electric vehicle technologies Hybrid electric, pure...

405

Gas Mileage of 2013 Vehicles by Chevrolet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Chevrolet Vehicles 3 Chevrolet Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2013 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 2WD 8 cyl, 5.3 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2013 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 2WD Gas 15 City 17 Combined 21 Highway E85 11 City 13 Combined 16 Highway 2013 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 4WD 8 cyl, 5.3 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2013 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 4WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Gas 15 City 17 Combined 21 Highway E85 11 City 13 Combined 16 Highway 2013 Chevrolet Camaro 8 cyl, 6.2 L, Manual 6-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 2013 Chevrolet Camaro View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 14 City 16 Combined 19 Highway 2013 Chevrolet Camaro 8 cyl, 6.2 L, Automatic (S6), Premium Gasoline Compare 2013 Chevrolet Camaro 12 City 14 Combined 18

406

The origin of California’s zero emission vehicle mandate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

industry in California, combined to make the idea of mandating (electric) zero emission vehiclesIndustry felt that CARB had not seriously addressed the question of the commercial viability of electric vehicles.

Sperling, Dan; Collantes, Gustavo O

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Alternative Vehicle Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

following types of vehicles: Electric Vehicles Flexible Fuel Vehicles Fuel Cell Vehicles Hybrid Electric Vehicles Natural Gas Vehicles Propane Vehicles Addthis Related Articles...

408

Preliminary Assessment of Overweight Mainline Vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration requested information regarding overweight and oversized vehicle traffic entering inspection stations (ISs) in order to develop strategies for future research efforts and possibly help guide regulatory issues involving overweight commercial motor vehicles (CMVs). For a period of one month, inspection stations in Knox County and Greene County, Tennessee, recorded overweight and oversized vehicles that entered these ISs. During this period, 435 CMVs were recorded using an electronic form filled out by enforcement personnel at the IS. Of the 435 CMVs recorded, 381 had weight information documented with them. The majority (52.2%) of the vehicles recorded were five-axle combination vehicles, and 50.6% of all the vehicles were permitted to operate above the legal weight limit in Tennessee, which is 80,000 lb for vehicles with five or more axles. Only 16.8% of the CMVs recorded were overweight gross (11.5% of permitted vehicles) and 54.1% were overweight on an axle group. The low percentage of overweight gross CMVs was because only 45 of the vehicles over 80,000 lb. were not permitted. On average, axles that were overweight were 2,000 lb. over the legal limit for an axle or group of axles. Of the vehicles recorded, 172 vehicles were given a North American Standard (NAS) inspection during the assessment. Of those, 69% of the inspections were driver-only inspections (Level III) and only 25% of the inspections had a vehicle component (such as a Level I or Level II). The remaining 6% of inspections did not have valid Aspen numbers; the type of was inspection unknown. Data collected on the types of trailers of each vehicle showed that about half of the recorded CMVs could realistically be given a Level I (full vehicle and driver) inspection; this estimate was solely based on trailer type. Enforcement personnel at ISs without an inspection pit have difficulty fully inspecting certain vehicles due to low clearance below the trailer. Because of this, overweight and oversized vehicles were normally only given a Level III (driver) inspection; thus, little is known about the safety of these vehicles. The out-of-service (OOS) rate of all the inspected vehicles (driver and vehicle inspections) was 18.6%, while the OOS rate for vehicle inspections (Level I and II) was 52.4%. Future work will focus on performing Level I inspections on five-axle combination tractor-trailers and the types of violations that overweight vehicles may have. This research will be conducted in Tennessee and possibly in other states as well.

Siekmann, Adam [ORNL; Capps, Gary J [ORNL; Lascurain, Mary Beth [ORNL

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Fractional-Slot Surface Mounted PM Motors with Concentrated Windings for HEV Traction Drives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-power density and efficiency resulting from elimination of rotor windings and reduced magnetic-flux losses have made the rare earth permanent magnet (PM) motor a leading candidate for the Department of Energy's Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (FCVTs) traction drive motor. These traction drives are generally powered by radial-gap motors, having the magnets on or embedded in a rotating cylinder separated from the inside surface of a slotted cylindrical stator by an annular gap. The two main types of radial-gap PM rotors are those with magnets mounted on the surface of a supporting back iron, called PM surface mounted (PMSM) motors, and those with magnets mounted in slots in the rotor, called interior PM (IPM) motors. Most early PM motor research was on the PMSM motor, which was thought to have an inherently low stator inductance. A low stator inductance can lead to currents dangerously exceeding rated current as the back-emf across the inductance increases with speed; consequently, part of the attempted solution has been to increase the stator inductance to reduce the rate of current rise. Although analysis suggested that there should be no problem designing sufficiently high stator inductance into PMSMs, attempts to do so were often not successful and a motor design was sought that would have a higher intrinsic inductance. Commercial research at Toyota has focused on IPM motors because they can achieve a high-saliency ratio, which helps them operate over a high constant power speed ratio (CPSR), but they are more difficult to fabricate. The Oak Ridge National Laboratory's (ORNL) position has been to continue research on brushless direct current (dc) motors (BDCMs) because of ease of fabrication and increased power output. Recently there has been a revival of interest in a fractional-slot PMSMs [15] made with concentrated windings because they possess three important features. First, they can increase the motor's inductance sufficiently to reduce the characteristic current to value of the rated current, which will enable them to operate at high CPSR. This feature also limits short-circuit fault currents. Second, their segmented structure simplifies assembly problems and is expected to reduce assembly costs. Third, the back-emf waveform is nearly sinusoidal with low cogging. To examine in depth this design ORNL entered into a collaborative agreement with the University of Wisconsin to build and test a 6 kW laboratory demonstration unit. Design, fabrication, and testing of the unit to 4000 rpm were completed during FY 2005. The motor will be sent to ORNL to explore ways to control its inverter to achieve higher efficiency during FY 2006. This paper first reviews the concept of characteristic current and what is meant by optimal flux weakening. It then discusses application of the fractional-slot concentrated winding technique to increase the d-axis inductance of a PMSM showing how this approach differs from an integral-slot motor with sinusoidal-distributed windings. This discussion is followed by a presentation of collaborative analyses and comparison with the University of Wisconsin's measured data on a 6 kW, 36-slot, 30-pole motor with concentrated windings. Finally ORNL presents a PMSM design with integral-slot windings that appears to meet the FreedomCAR Specifications, but has some disadvantages. Further collaboration with the University of Wisconsin is planned for FY 2006 to design a motor that meets FreedomCAR specifications.

Bailey, J.M.

2005-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

410

Microsoft Word - Vehicle Battery Final EA Celgard 4-29-10.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 3 Environmental Assessment for Celgard LLC Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative Project Concord, NC April 2010 Prepared for: Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory Environmental Assessment DOE/EA-1713 Celgard LLC, Concord, NC April 2010 National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Compliance Cover Sheet Proposed Action: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) proposes, through a cooperative agreement with Celgard LLC (Celgard), to partially fund the construction of a small industrial facility (approximately 135,000 square feet) on approximately 20.6 acres of land for the manufacturing of separator materials for commercial hybrid-electric vehicle (HEV) batteries. The facility would be constructed on parcels within the International Business Park,

411

Gas Mileage of 2012 Vehicles by Dodge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Dodge Vehicles 2 Dodge Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2012 Dodge Avenger 4 cyl, 2.4 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2012 Dodge Avenger View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 21 City 24 Combined 30 Highway 2012 Dodge Avenger 4 cyl, 2.4 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2012 Dodge Avenger View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 20 City 24 Combined 31 Highway 2012 Dodge Avenger 6 cyl, 3.6 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2012 Dodge Avenger Gas 19 City 22 Combined 29 Highway E85 14 City 16 Combined 21 Highway 2012 Dodge Caliber 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Automatic (variable gear ratios), Regular Gasoline Compare 2012 Dodge Caliber 23 City 24 Combined 27 Highway 2012 Dodge Caliber 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2012 Dodge Caliber 24

412

Gas Mileage of 2000 Vehicles by Ford  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2000 Ford Vehicles 2000 Ford Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2000 Ford Contour 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2000 Ford Contour View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 19 City 23 Combined 28 Highway 2000 Ford Contour 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2000 Ford Contour 21 City 25 Combined 31 Highway 2000 Ford Contour 6 cyl, 2.5 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2000 Ford Contour 18 City 21 Combined 26 Highway 2000 Ford Contour 6 cyl, 2.5 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2000 Ford Contour 18 City 21 Combined 27 Highway 2000 Ford Crown Victoria 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2000 Ford Crown Victoria View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 18 Combined 23 Highway 2000 Ford Crown Victoria CNG 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, CNG

413

Gas Mileage of 1999 Vehicles by Dodge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1999 Dodge Vehicles 1999 Dodge Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1999 Dodge Avenger 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1999 Dodge Avenger 19 City 22 Combined 27 Highway 1999 Dodge Avenger 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1999 Dodge Avenger 19 City 23 Combined 29 Highway 1999 Dodge Avenger 6 cyl, 2.5 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1999 Dodge Avenger View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 17 City 20 Combined 25 Highway 1999 Dodge B1500 Van 2WD 6 cyl, 3.9 L, Automatic 3-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1999 Dodge B1500 Van 2WD 14 City 15 Combined 16 Highway 1999 Dodge B1500 Van 2WD 8 cyl, 5.2 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1999 Dodge B1500 Van 2WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 12 City 14 Combined 18

414

Gas Mileage of 1991 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Mercury Vehicles 1 Mercury Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1991 Mercury Capri 4 cyl, 1.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1991 Mercury Capri 21 City 22 Combined 24 Highway 1991 Mercury Capri 4 cyl, 1.6 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1991 Mercury Capri View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 21 City 23 Combined 26 Highway 1991 Mercury Capri 4 cyl, 1.6 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1991 Mercury Capri 22 City 24 Combined 28 Highway 1991 Mercury Cougar 6 cyl, 3.8 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1991 Mercury Cougar 17 City 20 Combined 24 Highway 1991 Mercury Cougar 8 cyl, 5.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1991 Mercury Cougar View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 18 Combined 22 Highway 1991 Mercury Grand Marquis 8 cyl, 5.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline

415

Gas Mileage of 1986 Vehicles by Pontiac  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 Pontiac Vehicles 6 Pontiac Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1986 Pontiac 1000 4 cyl, 1.6 L, Automatic 3-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1986 Pontiac 1000 22 City 24 Combined 28 Highway 1986 Pontiac 1000 4 cyl, 1.6 L, Manual 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1986 Pontiac 1000 View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 24 City 27 Combined 31 Highway 1986 Pontiac 1000 4 cyl, 1.6 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1986 Pontiac 1000 23 City 26 Combined 31 Highway 1986 Pontiac 6000 4 cyl, 2.5 L, Automatic 3-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1986 Pontiac 6000 View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 19 City 23 Combined 29 Highway 1986 Pontiac 6000 6 cyl, 2.8 L, Automatic 3-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1986 Pontiac 6000 17 City 19 Combined 24 Highway 1986 Pontiac 6000 6 cyl, 2.8 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline

416

Gas Mileage of 2011 Vehicles by Dodge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Dodge Vehicles 1 Dodge Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2011 Dodge Avenger 4 cyl, 2.4 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2011 Dodge Avenger View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 21 City 24 Combined 30 Highway 2011 Dodge Avenger 4 cyl, 2.4 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2011 Dodge Avenger 20 City 24 Combined 31 Highway 2011 Dodge Avenger 6 cyl, 3.6 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2011 Dodge Avenger View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Gas 19 City 22 Combined 29 Highway E85 14 City 16 Combined 21 Highway 2011 Dodge Caliber 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Automatic (variable gear ratios), Regular Gasoline Compare 2011 Dodge Caliber 23 City 24 Combined 27 Highway 2011 Dodge Caliber 4 cyl, 2.4 L, Automatic (variable gear ratios), Regular Gasoline

417

Gas Mileage of 2010 Vehicles by Dodge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

10 Dodge Vehicles 10 Dodge Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2010 Dodge Avenger 4 cyl, 2.4 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2010 Dodge Avenger View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 21 City 24 Combined 30 Highway 2010 Dodge Avenger 6 cyl, 3.5 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2010 Dodge Avenger 16 City 20 Combined 27 Highway 2010 Dodge Avenger 6 cyl, 2.7 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2010 Dodge Avenger Gas 19 City 22 Combined 27 Highway E85 14 City 16 Combined 20 Highway 2010 Dodge Caliber 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2010 Dodge Caliber View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 23 City 26 Combined 31 Highway 2010 Dodge Caliber 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Automatic (variable gear ratios), Regular Gasoline Compare 2010 Dodge Caliber

418

Gas Mileage of 2013 Vehicles by Toyota  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Toyota Vehicles 3 Toyota Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2013 Toyota 4Runner 2WD 6 cyl, 4.0 L, Automatic (S5), Regular Gasoline Compare 2013 Toyota 4Runner 2WD 17 City 19 Combined 22 Highway 2013 Toyota 4Runner 4WD 6 cyl, 4.0 L, Automatic (S5), Regular Gasoline Compare 2013 Toyota 4Runner 4WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 17 City 18 Combined 21 Highway 2013 Toyota 4Runner 4WD 6 cyl, 4.0 L, Automatic (S5), Regular Gasoline Compare 2013 Toyota 4Runner 4WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 17 City 18 Combined 21 Highway 2013 Toyota Avalon 6 cyl, 3.5 L, Automatic (S6), Regular Gasoline Compare 2013 Toyota Avalon 21 City 24 Combined 31 Highway 2013 Toyota Avalon 6 cyl, 3.5 L, Automatic (S6), Regular Gasoline Compare 2013 Toyota Avalon 21 City 25 Combined 31

419

Vehicle Technologies Office: 2012 Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Archive 2 Archive #760 Commuting to Work, 1960-2010 December 31, 2012 #759 Rural vs. Urban Driving Differences December 24, 2012 #758 U.S. Production of Crude Oil by State, 2011 December 17, 2012 #757 The U.S. Manufactures More Light Trucks than Cars December 10, 2012 #756 Midwest Produces Two-Thirds of All Light Vehicles December 3, 2012 #755 Chargepoint, Blink and Nissan Take the Lead in Public Electric Vehicle Chargers November 26, 2012 #754 Vehicle Sales in the U.S. and China, 2002-2011 November 19, 2012 #753 Sources of Electricity by State November 12, 2012 #752 Western Europe Plug-in Car Sales, 2012 November 5, 2012 #751 Plug-in Car Sales Higher in the U.S. Compared to Western Europe and China October 29, 2012 #750 Electric Vehicle Energy Requirements for Combined City/Highway Driving October 22, 2012

420

Driving Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Reports from U.S. Drivers of HEVs converted to PHEVs, circa 2006-07  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

42] Hakim, D. (2005) “Hybrid-Car Tinkerers Scoff at No-Plug-J. (1969) “…and a Commuter Car with Hybrid Drive. ” PopularCars Initiative (2007) Photo: Technical Photos of Plug-In Hybrids and

Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.; Turrentine, Tom

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vehicles hevs combine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Driving Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Reports from U.S. Drivers of HEVs converted to PHEVs, circa 2006-07  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

news.cfm? newsid=8142 [30] Toyota Motor Sales (2006) Photo: Toyota Prius Interior, Electronic MultifunctionYork: 2 Apr. p. C 1 [43] Toyota Motor Corporation (2007) “

Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.; Turrentine, Tom

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Driving Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Reports from U.S. Drivers of HEVs converted to PHEVs, circa 2006-07  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

District (2006) “PHEV Prius Test Program by SacramentoMotor Sales (2006) Photo: Toyota Prius Interior, Electronichttp://www.toyota.com/prius/interior.html Accessed 2 April

Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.; Turrentine, Tom

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Gas Mileage of 2002 Vehicles by Dodge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Dodge Vehicles 2 Dodge Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2002 Dodge Caravan/Grand Caravan 2WD 4 cyl, 2.4 L, Automatic 3-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2002 Dodge Caravan/Grand Caravan 2WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 17 City 19 Combined 23 Highway 2002 Dodge Caravan/Grand Caravan 2WD 4 cyl, 2.4 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2002 Dodge Caravan/Grand Caravan 2WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 17 City 20 Combined 24 Highway 2002 Dodge Caravan/Grand Caravan 2WD 6 cyl, 3.8 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2002 Dodge Caravan/Grand Caravan 2WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 18 Combined 22 Highway 2002 Dodge Caravan/Grand Caravan 2WD 6 cyl, 3.8 L, Automatic (S4), Regular Gasoline Compare 2002 Dodge Caravan/Grand Caravan 2WD

424

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study: Interim Report: Phase I Scenario Evaluation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) offer significant improvements in fuel economy, convenient low-cost recharging capabilities, potential environmental benefits, and decreased reliance on imported petroleum. However, the cost associated with new components (e.g., advanced batteries) to be introduced in these vehicles will likely result in a price premium to the consumer. This study aims to overcome this market barrier by identifying and evaluating value propositions that will increase the qualitative value and/or decrease the overall cost of ownership relative to the competing conventional vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) of 2030 During this initial phase of this study, business scenarios were developed based on economic advantages that either increase the consumer value or reduce the consumer cost of PHEVs to assure a sustainable market that can thrive without the aid of state and Federal incentives or subsidies. Once the characteristics of a thriving PHEV market have been defined for this timeframe, market introduction steps, such as supportive policies, regulations and temporary incentives, needed to reach this level of sustainability will be determined. PHEVs have gained interest over the past decade for several reasons, including their high fuel economy, convenient low-cost recharging capabilities, potential environmental benefits and reduced use of imported petroleum, potentially contributing to President Bush's goal of a 20% reduction in gasoline use in ten years, or 'Twenty in Ten'. PHEVs and energy storage from advanced batteries have also been suggested as enabling technologies to improve the reliability and efficiency of the electric power grid. However, PHEVs will likely cost significantly more to purchase than conventional or other hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), in large part because of the cost of batteries. Despite the potential long-term savings to consumers and value to stakeholders, the initial cost of PHEVs presents a major market barrier to their widespread commercialization. The purpose of this project is to identify and evaluate value-added propositions for PHEVs that will help overcome this market barrier. Candidate value propositions for the initial case study were chosen to enhance consumer acceptance of PHEVs and/or compatibility with the grid. Potential benefits of such grid-connected vehicles include the ability to supply peak load or emergency power requirements of the grid, enabling utilities to size their generation capacity and contingency resources at levels below peak. Different models for vehicle/battery ownership, leasing, financing and operation, as well as the grid, communications, and vehicle infrastructure needed to support the proposed value-added functions were explored during Phase 1. Rigorous power system, vehicle, financial and emissions modeling were utilized to help identify the most promising value propositions and market niches to focus PHEV deployment initiatives.

Sikes, Karen R [ORNL; Markel, Lawrence C [ORNL; Hadley, Stanton W [ORNL; Hinds, Shaun [Sentech, Inc.; DeVault, Robert C [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Connecting electric vehicles and green energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses the interrelationship between the purchase of green energy (GE) and electric vehicles (EV) and the motivations for and values formed around the purchase of the combination of the two. The BMW Group completed a two-year EV and GE ... Keywords: electric vehicle, environment, green energy, solar

Peter Dempster

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Vehicle Technologies Office: Apps for Vehicles Challenge Spurs Innovation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Apps for Vehicles Apps for Vehicles Challenge Spurs Innovation in Vehicle Data to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Apps for Vehicles Challenge Spurs Innovation in Vehicle Data on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Apps for Vehicles Challenge Spurs Innovation in Vehicle Data on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Apps for Vehicles Challenge Spurs Innovation in Vehicle Data on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Apps for Vehicles Challenge Spurs Innovation in Vehicle Data on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Apps for Vehicles Challenge Spurs Innovation in Vehicle Data on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Apps for Vehicles Challenge Spurs Innovation in Vehicle Data on AddThis.com... Apps for Vehicles Challenge Spurs Innovation in Vehicle Data

427

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #705: December 12, 2011 Fuel Consumption  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5: December 12, 5: December 12, 2011 Fuel Consumption Standards for Combination Tractors to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #705: December 12, 2011 Fuel Consumption Standards for Combination Tractors on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #705: December 12, 2011 Fuel Consumption Standards for Combination Tractors on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #705: December 12, 2011 Fuel Consumption Standards for Combination Tractors on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #705: December 12, 2011 Fuel Consumption Standards for Combination Tractors on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #705: December 12, 2011 Fuel Consumption Standards for Combination Tractors on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #705:

428

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

related to HEVs PHEVs. Laws and Regulations Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Acquisition Requirements To reduce fuel consumption and...

429

Voltage Vehicles | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector Vehicles Product Voltage Vehicles is a nascent, full-service alternative fuel vehicle distributor specializing in the full spectrum of electric vehicles (EV) and...

430

Gas Mileage of 2002 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Mercury Vehicles 2 Mercury Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2002 Mercury Cougar 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2002 Mercury Cougar View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 21 City 24 Combined 31 Highway 2002 Mercury Cougar 6 cyl, 2.5 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2002 Mercury Cougar 18 City 21 Combined 26 Highway 2002 Mercury Cougar 6 cyl, 2.5 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2002 Mercury Cougar 18 City 21 Combined 27 Highway 2002 Mercury Grand Marquis 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2002 Mercury Grand Marquis View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 18 Combined 23 Highway 2002 Mercury Mountaineer 2WD 6 cyl, 4.0 L, Automatic 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2002 Mercury Mountaineer 2WD 14 City

431

Gas Mileage of 1995 Vehicles by Ford  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 Ford Vehicles 5 Ford Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1995 Ford Aerostar Van 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1995 Ford Aerostar Van 16 City 18 Combined 22 Highway 1995 Ford Aerostar Wagon 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1995 Ford Aerostar Wagon 15 City 18 Combined 22 Highway 1995 Ford Aerostar Wagon 6 cyl, 4.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1995 Ford Aerostar Wagon View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 17 Combined 20 Highway 1995 Ford Aerostar Wagon AWD 6 cyl, 4.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1995 Ford Aerostar Wagon AWD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 14 City 15 Combined 18 Highway 1995 Ford Aspire 4 cyl, 1.3 L, Automatic 3-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1995 Ford Aspire

432

Gas Mileage of 1997 Vehicles by Ford  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 Ford Vehicles 7 Ford Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1997 Ford Aerostar Van 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1997 Ford Aerostar Van 15 City 17 Combined 21 Highway 1997 Ford Aerostar Wagon 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1997 Ford Aerostar Wagon 15 City 17 Combined 22 Highway 1997 Ford Aerostar Wagon 6 cyl, 4.0 L, Automatic 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1997 Ford Aerostar Wagon View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 17 Combined 20 Highway 1997 Ford Aerostar Wagon AWD 6 cyl, 4.0 L, Automatic 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1997 Ford Aerostar Wagon AWD 13 City 15 Combined 17 Highway 1997 Ford Aspire 4 cyl, 1.3 L, Automatic 3-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1997 Ford Aspire View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners

433

Gas Mileage of 1995 Vehicles by Chevrolet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 Chevrolet Vehicles 5 Chevrolet Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1995 Chevrolet Astro 2WD (cargo) 6 cyl, 4.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 1995 Chevrolet Astro 2WD (cargo) View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 17 Combined 20 Highway 1995 Chevrolet Astro 2WD (passenger) 6 cyl, 4.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 1995 Chevrolet Astro 2WD (passenger) View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 16 Combined 19 Highway 1995 Chevrolet Astro AWD (cargo) 6 cyl, 4.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 1995 Chevrolet Astro AWD (cargo) 15 City 16 Combined 20 Highway 1995 Chevrolet Astro AWD (passenger) 6 cyl, 4.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 1995 Chevrolet Astro AWD (passenger) 14 City 15 Combined 17 Highway 1995 Chevrolet Beretta 4 cyl, 2.2 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline

434

Gas Mileage of 1987 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 Mercury Vehicles 7 Mercury Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1987 Mercury Cougar 6 cyl, 3.8 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1987 Mercury Cougar 17 City 19 Combined 24 Highway 1987 Mercury Cougar 8 cyl, 5.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1987 Mercury Cougar View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 19 Combined 24 Highway 1987 Mercury Grand Marquis 8 cyl, 5.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1987 Mercury Grand Marquis View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 19 Combined 24 Highway 1987 Mercury Grand Marquis Wagon 8 cyl, 5.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1987 Mercury Grand Marquis Wagon 16 City 19 Combined 24 Highway 1987 Mercury Lynx 4 cyl, 1.9 L, Automatic 3-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1987 Mercury Lynx 23

435

Gas Mileage of 1990 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

90 Mercury Vehicles 90 Mercury Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1990 Mercury Cougar 6 cyl, 3.8 L, Automatic 4-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 1990 Mercury Cougar 15 City 18 Combined 21 Highway 1990 Mercury Cougar 6 cyl, 3.8 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1990 Mercury Cougar View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 17 City 20 Combined 24 Highway 1990 Mercury Cougar 6 cyl, 3.8 L, Manual 5-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 1990 Mercury Cougar 15 City 18 Combined 22 Highway 1990 Mercury Grand Marquis 8 cyl, 5.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1990 Mercury Grand Marquis View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 18 Combined 22 Highway 1990 Mercury Grand Marquis Wagon 8 cyl, 5.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1990 Mercury Grand Marquis Wagon 15

436

Gas Mileage of 2006 Vehicles by Cadillac  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 Cadillac Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2006 Cadillac Armored DTS 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2006 Cadillac Armored DTS 12 City 14 Combined 18...

437

Gas Mileage of 1984 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 Mercury Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1984 Mercury Capri 4 cyl, 2.3 L, Automatic 3-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1984 Mercury Capri 18 City 20 Combined 22 Highway 1984...

438

Gas Mileage of 1988 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 Mercury Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1988 Mercury Cougar 6 cyl, 3.8 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1988 Mercury Cougar 18 City 21 Combined 25 Highway 1988...

439

Gas Mileage of 1996 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 Mercury Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1996 Mercury Cougar 6 cyl, 3.8 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1996 Mercury Cougar 17 City 19 Combined 24 Highway 1996...

440

Gas Mileage of 1997 Vehicles by Ferrari  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 Ferrari Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1997 Ferrari Ferrari 456 12 cyl, 5.5 L, Automatic 4-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 1997 Ferrari Ferrari 456 8 City 10 Combined 14...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vehicles hevs combine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Gas Mileage of 2010 Vehicles by Honda  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 21 City 24 Combined 29 Highway 2010 Honda Civic CNG 4 cyl, 1.8 L, Automatic 5-spd, CNG Compare 2010 Honda Civic CNG View MPG Estimates...

442

Gas Mileage of 2008 Vehicles by Honda  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Highway 2008 Honda Civic CNG 4 cyl, 1.8 L, Automatic 5-spd, CNG Compare 2008 Honda Civic CNG View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 24 City 28 Combined 36 Highway 2008 Honda...

443

Gas Mileage of 2009 Vehicles by Honda  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 21 City 24 Combined 29 Highway 2009 Honda Civic CNG 4 cyl, 1.8 L, Automatic 5-spd, CNG Compare 2009 Honda Civic CNG View MPG Estimates...

444

Gas Mileage of 2006 Vehicles by Honda  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 20 City 23 Combined 29 Highway 2006 Honda Civic CNG 4 cyl, 1.8 L, Automatic 5-spd, CNG Compare 2006 Honda Civic CNG View MPG Estimates...

445

Gas Mileage of 2012 Vehicles by Honda  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

City 44 Combined 44 Highway 2012 Honda Civic Natural Gas 4 cyl, 1.8 L, Automatic 5-spd, CNG Compare 2012 Honda Civic Natural Gas View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 27...

446

Gas Mileage of 2007 Vehicles by Honda  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 20 City 23 Combined 29 Highway 2007 Honda Civic CNG 4 cyl, 1.8 L, Automatic 5-spd, CNG Compare 2007 Honda Civic CNG View MPG Estimates...

447

Gas Mileage of 1999 Vehicles by Ford  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 18 Combined 22 Highway 1999 Ford Crown Victoria CNG 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, CNG Compare 1999 Ford Crown Victoria CNG View MPG...

448

Gas Mileage of 2002 Vehicles by Ford  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 18 Combined 23 Highway 2002 Ford Crown Victoria CNG 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, CNG Compare 2002 Ford Crown Victoria CNG View MPG...

449

Gas Mileage of 2004 Vehicles by Ford  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 18 Combined 23 Highway 2004 Ford Crown Victoria CNG 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, CNG Compare 2004 Ford Crown Victoria CNG View MPG...

450

Gas Mileage of 2002 Vehicles by GMC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

17 Combined 20 Highway 2002 GMC Sonoma 2WD (FFV) 4 cyl, 2.2 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2002 GMC Sonoma 2WD (FFV) View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners...

451

Gas Mileage of 2005 Vehicles by Ford  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

14 Combined 17 Highway 2005 Ford Explorer FFV 2WD 6 cyl, 4.0 L, Automatic 5-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2005 Ford Explorer FFV 2WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners...

452

Gas Mileage of 1991 Vehicles by Toyota  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Toyota Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1991 Toyota 1-Ton Truck 2WD 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1991 Toyota 1-Ton Truck 2WD 16 City 18 Combined 21...

453

Gas Mileage of 2012 Vehicles by Toyota  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Toyota Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2012 Toyota 4Runner 2WD 6 cyl, 4.0 L, Automatic (S5), Regular Gasoline Compare 2012 Toyota 4Runner 2WD 17 City 19 Combined 23 Highway...

454

Gas Mileage of 2009 Vehicles by Toyota  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9 Toyota Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2009 Toyota 4Runner 2WD 6 cyl, 4.0 L, Automatic 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2009 Toyota 4Runner 2WD 16 City 18 Combined 21 Highway...

455

Gas Mileage of 1994 Vehicles by Toyota  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 Toyota Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1994 Toyota 4Runner 2WD 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1994 Toyota 4Runner 2WD 15 City 17 Combined 19 Highway...

456

Gas Mileage of 1997 Vehicles by Toyota  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 Toyota Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1997 Toyota 4Runner 2WD 4 cyl, 2.7 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1997 Toyota 4Runner 2WD 18 City 19 Combined 22 Highway...

457

Gas Mileage of 1992 Vehicles by Toyota  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Toyota Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1992 Toyota 1-Ton Truck 2WD 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1992 Toyota 1-Ton Truck 2WD 16 City 18 Combined 21...

458

Gas Mileage of 2012 Vehicles by Chrysler  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

24 Combined 31 Highway 2012 Chrysler 200 6 cyl, 3.6 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2012 Chrysler 200 View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Gas 19 City 22...

459

Gas Mileage of 2013 Vehicles by Buick  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

21 Combined 27 Highway 2013 Buick LaCrosse 6 cyl, 3.6 L, Automatic (S6), Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2013 Buick LaCrosse View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Gas 17 City 21...

460

Gas Mileage of 2009 Vehicles by Dodge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

20 Combined 27 Highway 2009 Dodge Avenger 6 cyl, 2.7 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2009 Dodge Avenger View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Gas 19 City 22...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vehicles hevs combine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Gas Mileage of 2013 Vehicles by Audi  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

24 Combined 30 Highway 2013 Audi A4 quattro 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Automatic (S8), Premium Gas or E85 Compare 2013 Audi A4 quattro View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Prem 20 City...

462

Gas Mileage of 2013 Vehicles by Suzuki  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Suzuki Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2013 Suzuki Grand Vitara 4 cyl, 2.4 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2013 Suzuki Grand Vitara 19 City 22 Combined 26 Highway...

463

Gas Mileage of 2013 Vehicles by Mitsubishi  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Mitsubishi Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2013 Mitsubishi Lancer 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2013 Mitsubishi Lancer 25 City 28 Combined 34 Highway...

464

Gas Mileage of 2013 Vehicles by Volvo  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Volvo Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2013 Volvo C30 FWD 5 cyl, 2.5 L, Automatic (S5), Regular Gasoline Compare 2013 Volvo C30 FWD 21 City 24 Combined 30 Highway 2013 Volvo...

465

Gas Mileage of 2013 Vehicles by BMW  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 BMW Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2013 BMW 128ci Convertible 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Automatic (S6), Premium Gasoline Compare 2013 BMW 128ci Convertible 18 City 21 Combined 27...

466

Gas Mileage of 2013 Vehicles by Lincoln  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Lincoln Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2013 Lincoln MKS AWD 6 cyl, 3.7 L, Automatic (S6), Regular Gasoline Compare 2013 Lincoln MKS AWD 18 City 21 Combined 26 Highway 2013...

467

Gas Mileage of 2013 Vehicles by Porsche  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Porsche Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2013 Porsche 911 Carrera 6 cyl, 3.4 L, Manual 7-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 2013 Porsche 911 Carrera 19 City 22 Combined 27 Highway...

468

Gas Mileage of 2013 Vehicles by Infiniti  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Infiniti Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2013 Infiniti EX37 6 cyl, 3.7 L, Automatic (S7), Premium Gasoline Compare 2013 Infiniti EX37 17 City 20 Combined 25 Highway 2013...

469

Gas Mileage of 2013 Vehicles by Ferrari  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Ferrari Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2013 Ferrari 458 Italia 8 cyl, 4.5 L, Auto(AM7), Premium Gasoline Compare 2013 Ferrari 458 Italia 13 City 14 Combined 17 Highway 2013...

470

Gas Mileage of 2010 Vehicles by Chrysler  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Combined 27 Highway 2010 Chrysler Sebring 6 cyl, 2.7 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2010 Chrysler Sebring View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Gas 19 City...

471

Vehicle and Person Tracking in Aerial Videos  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents two tracking approaches from Sarnoff Corporation to detect moving vehicles and person in the videos taken from aerial platform or plane. In the first approach, we combine layer segmentation approach with background stabilization and ...

Jiangjian Xiao; Changjiang Yang; Feng Han; Hui Cheng

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Gas Mileage of 2005 Vehicles by Lincoln  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 11 City 13 Combined 17 Highway 2005 Lincoln Town Car 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2005 Lincoln Town Car View MPG...

473

Gas Mileage of 2006 Vehicles by Lincoln  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 11 City 13 Combined 16 Highway 2006 Lincoln Town Car 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2006 Lincoln Town Car View MPG...

474

Gas Mileage of 2007 Vehicles by Lincoln  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 12 City 14 Combined 17 Highway 2007 Lincoln Town Car 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2007 Lincoln Town Car 15 City...

475

Gas Mileage of 2001 Vehicles by Lincoln  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lincoln Navigator 4WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 10 City 12 Combined 15 Highway 2001 Lincoln Town Car 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2001...

476

Gas Mileage of 1995 Vehicles by Lincoln  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1995 Lincoln Mark VIII View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 18 Combined 23 Highway 1995 Lincoln Town Car 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1995...

477

Gas Mileage of 1993 Vehicles by Lincoln  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 18 Combined 23 Highway 1993 Lincoln Town Car 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1993 Lincoln Town Car 16 City...

478

Gas Mileage of 1990 Vehicles by Lincoln  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1990 Lincoln Mark VII View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 18 Combined 22 Highway 1990 Lincoln Town Car 8 cyl, 5.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1990...

479

Gas Mileage of 1997 Vehicles by Lincoln  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1997 Lincoln Mark VIII View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 19 Combined 24 Highway 1997 Lincoln Town Car 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1997...

480

Gas Mileage of 2002 Vehicles by Lincoln  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 10 City 12 Combined 15 Highway 2002 Lincoln Town Car 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2002 Lincoln Town Car View MPG...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vehicles hevs combine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Gas Mileage of 1989 Vehicles by Lincoln  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1989 Lincoln Mark VII View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 18 Combined 22 Highway 1989 Lincoln Town Car 8 cyl, 5.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1989...

482

Gas Mileage of 1999 Vehicles by Lincoln  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lincoln Navigator 4WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 11 City 13 Combined 15 Highway 1999 Lincoln Town Car 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1999...

483

Gas Mileage of 1994 Vehicles by Lincoln  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 18 Combined 23 Highway 1994 Lincoln Town Car 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1994 Lincoln Town Car View MPG...

484

Gas Mileage of 2003 Vehicles by Lincoln  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lincoln Navigator 2WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 11 City 13 Combined 15 Highway 2003 Lincoln Town Car 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2003...

485

Gas Mileage of 1996 Vehicles by Lincoln  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1996 Lincoln Mark VIII View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 19 Combined 24 Highway 1996 Lincoln Town Car 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1996...

486

Gas Mileage of 2000 Vehicles by Lincoln  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lincoln Navigator 4WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 11 City 13 Combined 15 Highway 2000 Lincoln Town Car 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2000...

487

Gas Mileage of 1998 Vehicles by Lincoln  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lincoln Navigator 4WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 11 City 12 Combined 15 Highway 1998 Lincoln Town Car 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1998...

488

Gas Mileage of 2004 Vehicles by Lincoln  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 11 City 13 Combined 16 Highway 2004 Lincoln Town Car 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2004 Lincoln Town Car View MPG...

489

Gas Mileage of 2008 Vehicles by Lincoln  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 12 City 14 Combined 18 Highway 2008 Lincoln Town Car 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2008 Lincoln Town Car 15 City...

490

Gas Mileage of 1989 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9 Mercury Vehicles 9 Mercury Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1989 Mercury Cougar 6 cyl, 3.8 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1989 Mercury Cougar View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 17 City 20 Combined 25 Highway 1989 Mercury Cougar 6 cyl, 3.8 L, Automatic 4-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 1989 Mercury Cougar 15 City 17 Combined 21 Highway 1989 Mercury Cougar 6 cyl, 3.8 L, Manual 5-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 1989 Mercury Cougar 15 City 18 Combined 22 Highway 1989 Mercury Grand Marquis 8 cyl, 5.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1989 Mercury Grand Marquis View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 18 Combined 22 Highway 1989 Mercury Grand Marquis Wagon 8 cyl, 5.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1989 Mercury Grand Marquis Wagon 15

491

Gas Mileage of 2003 Vehicles by Ford  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Ford Vehicles 3 Ford Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2003 Ford Crown Victoria 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2003 Ford Crown Victoria View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 18 Combined 23 Highway 2003 Ford Crown Victoria CNG 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, CNG Compare 2003 Ford Crown Victoria CNG 12 City 14 Combined 17 Highway 2003 Ford Crown Victoria Police 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2003 Ford Crown Victoria Police View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 14 City 16 Combined 20 Highway 2003 Ford E150 Club Wagon 6 cyl, 4.2 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2003 Ford E150 Club Wagon 12 City 14 Combined 16 Highway 2003 Ford E150 Club Wagon 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2003 Ford E150 Club Wagon 13

492

PLUG-IN HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE AND HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE EMISSIONS UNDER FTP AND US06 CYCLES AT HIGH, AMBIENT, AND LOW TEMPERATURES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The concept of a Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) is to displace consumption of gasoline by using electricity from the vehicle’s large battery pack to power the vehicle as much as possible with minimal engine operation. This paper assesses the PHEV emissions and operation. Currently, testing of vehicle emissions is done using the federal standard FTP4 cycle on a dynamometer at ambient (75°F) temperatures. Research was also completed using the US06 cycle. Furthermore, research was completed at high (95°F) and low (20°F) temperatures. Initial dynamometer testing was performed on a stock Toyota Prius under the standard FTP4 cycle, and the more demanding US06 cycle. Each cycle was run at 95°F, 75°F, and 20°F. The testing was repeated with the same Prius retrofi tted with an EnergyCS Plug-in Hybrid Electric system. The results of the testing confi rm that the stock Prius meets Super-Ultra Low Emission Vehicle requirements under current testing procedures, while the PHEV Prius under current testing procedures were greater than Super-Ultra Low Emission Vehicle requirements, but still met Ultra Low Emission Vehicle requirements. Research points to the catalyst temperature being a critical factor in meeting emission requirements. Initial engine emissions pass through with minimal conversion until the catalyst is heated to typical operating temperatures of 300–400°C. PHEVs also have trouble maintaining the minimum catalyst temperature throughout the entire test because the engine is turned off when the battery can support the load. It has been observed in both HEVs and PHEVs that the catalyst is intermittently unable to reduce nitrogen oxide emissions, which causes further emission releases. Research needs to be done to combat the initial emission spikes caused by a cold catalyst. Research also needs to be done to improve the reduction of nitrogen oxides by the catalyst system.

Seidman, M.R.; Markel, T.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Policy Option for Hydrogen Vehicles and Infrastructure  

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be limited to early production. Better to link payments to fuel production Successful for CNG and HEV early transition, but benefit is quickly diluted. Limited number of cities are...

494

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Traction Battery for the ETX-II Vehicle, EGG-EP-9688, IdahoElectric Vehicle Powertrain (ETX-II) Performance: VehicleDevelopment Program - ETX-II, Phase II Technical Report, DOE

Delucchi, Mark

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1-5): Electric/Hybrid Vehicles: An Emerging Global Industry,1-5): Electric/Hybrid Vehicles: An Emerging Global Industry,1-5): Electric/Hybrid Vehicles: An Emerging Global Industry,

Delucchi, Mark

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Methodology for Calculating Cost-per-Mile for Current and Future Vehicle Powertrain Technologies, with Projections to 2024: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Currently, several cost-per-mile calculators exist that can provide estimates of acquisition and operating costs for consumers and fleets. However, these calculators are limited in their ability to determine the difference in cost per mile for consumer versus fleet ownership, to calculate the costs beyond one ownership period, to show the sensitivity of the cost per mile to the annual vehicle miles traveled (VMT), and to estimate future increases in operating and ownership costs. Oftentimes, these tools apply a constant percentage increase over the time period of vehicle operation, or in some cases, no increase in direct costs at all over time. A more accurate cost-per-mile calculator has been developed that allows the user to analyze these costs for both consumers and fleets. The calculator was developed to allow simultaneous comparisons of conventional light-duty internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles, mild and full hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), and fuel cell vehicles (FCVs). This paper is a summary of the development by the authors of a more accurate cost-per-mile calculator that allows the user to analyze vehicle acquisition and operating costs for both consumer and fleets. Cost-per-mile results are reported for consumer-operated vehicles travelling 15,000 miles per year and for fleets travelling 25,000 miles per year.

Ruth, M.; Timbario, T. A.; Timbario, T. J.; Laffen, M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497