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Sample records for vehicles building design

  1. Models Move Vehicle Design Forward | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    an entire vehicle. For batteries, it's essential for researchers to be able to predict a specific design's electrochemical and thermal (heat) reactions before they build it. In...

  2. Design and implementation of liquid cooling system for ArchiMITes vehicle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hui, Sam, S.B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01

    MIT Vehicle Design Summit is building ArchiMITes, a lightweight hybrid vehicle with a modular auxiliary power unit. For testing purposes, the vehicle platform will first be built as an all-electric vehicle. It will be ...

  3. Advanced Building Systems & Architectural Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Venkat

    primary research interests are whole building performance analysis, passive Advanced Building Systems & Architectural Design University with a Ph.D. in Building Performance and Diagnostics. Currently he

  4. DESIGN [fabrication] BUILD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rader, Nicolas Glen

    2006-01-01

    DESIGN [fabrication] BUILD proposes a new relationship among the architect, homeowner, and fabricator/assembler through the use of parametric software in order to create a truly customizable prefabricated home. This ...

  5. Relationships in design build

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wampler, Charles Wilson

    2010-01-01

    As design build (DB) becomes more popular, different ways of writing contracts and forming relationships with the various parties are being considered. The main point of this paper is to look at the relationships between ...

  6. Consensus Building in Multi-vehicle Systems with Information Feedback

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ren, Wei

    Consensus Building in Multi-vehicle Systems with Information Feedback Wei Ren Department@engineering.usu.edu Abstract-- In this paper, we study the problem of consensus building in multi-vehicle systems with information feedback. We will show how information feedback can be incorporated into the consensus building

  7. LEARNINGACTIVITY#5 Design and Build

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowen, James D.

    , experimental data, and practical considerations contribute to the final product. We'll see how the truss; how structural analysis results and experimental data contribute to the design of structural members, you will be able to do the following: n Explain how design-build project delivery differs from design-bid

  8. Improving Vehicle Fuel Efficiency Through Tire Design, Materials...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Vehicle Fuel Efficiency Through Tire Design, Materials, and Reduced Weight Improving Vehicle Fuel Efficiency Through Tire Design, Materials, and Reduced Weight 2012 DOE Hydrogen...

  9. Autonomie Modeling Tool Improves Vehicle Design and Testing,...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Autonomie Modeling Tool Improves Vehicle Design and Testing, Informs New Fuel Economy Standards Autonomie Modeling Tool Improves Vehicle Design and Testing, Informs New Fuel...

  10. Architecture and Environmental Building Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    1 56% 2% 7% 2% 5% 28% Architecture and Environmental Building Design 33% response rate Full Seeking Employment as of the date they completed the survey- 27% 69% 19% 12% Landscape Architecture 46" Architecture, Master of Architecture (M.Arch) Fulltime Employment Amanda Levete Architects, Design, Part II

  11. Fire and the Design of Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGuire, J

    Fire is one of the major hazards to life and property in buildings. Regulations in respect of fire safety therefore constitute a major part of every building bylaw. These regulations naturally influence the design of almost every building. Good...

  12. @ Ontario 2006 Building Code Structural Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheikh, Shamim A.

    @ Ontario 2006 Building Code Part 4 Structural Design Structural Losds and P r o ~ d u l r;2006 Building Code @Ontario Division B -Part 4 #12;@Ontario 2006 Building Code Part 4 Structural Design Section #12;2006 Building Code @Ontario 4.q.2. Spsclfled Loads and Effects 4 . . 2 Loads and Effects (See

  13. 16.6 Building Design Standards Page 1 of 8 Building Design Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hung, I-Kuai

    16.6 Building Design Standards Page 1 of 8 Building Design Standards Original Implementation: July 21, 2009 Last Revision: July 28, 2015 1. Statement of purpose This standard provides the building designer with general guidance regarding the university's intent to develop a campus of buildings having

  14. How to Design Electric Vehicles (EVs) IAP 2015 Non-Credit Course

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herr, Hugh

    How to Design Electric Vehicles (EVs) IAP 2015 Non-Credit Course Instructors Sanjay Sarma Scientist, MIT Media Lab, City Science Initiative Guest Instructors Rick Chamberlain, Chief Technology Consultant, Craig Carlson LLC Course Description: If you are interested in designing and building electric

  15. Design Methodology for Unmannded Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Team Coordination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, Mary "Missy"

    1 Design Methodology for Unmannded Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Team Coordination F.B. da Silva S.D. Scott-mail: halab@mit.edu #12;2 Design Methodology for Unmannded Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Team Coordination by F.B. da Silva, S.D. Scott, and M.L. Cummings Executive Summary Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) systems, despite

  16. Sustainable Design and Green Building Toolkit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sustainable Design and Green Building Toolkit F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T S EPA 904B10001 | June 2010 #12;Disclaimer The Sustainable Design and Green Building Toolkit for Local Governments presented at non-EPA Web sites, or guarantee the validity of the information provided. iSustainable Design

  17. Avionics systems design for cooperative unmanned air and ground vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omelchenko, Alexander, 1968-

    2004-01-01

    This thesis summarizes the results of the design of avionics systems intended for use onboard unmanned air and ground vehicles, that are parts of a multi-vehicle system whose primary mission objective is to provide up-close ...

  18. Hybrid vehicle design using global optimisation Wenzhong Gao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mi, Chunting "Chris"

    electronics, hybrid electric vehicles, electric machines, and renewable energy systems. HeHybrid vehicle design using global optimisation algorithms Wenzhong Gao Department of Electrical of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Michigan, 4901 Evergreen Road, Dearborn, MI 48128 USA Fax

  19. Collaborative Military Vehicle Design | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D BGene NetworkNuclearDNP 20082 P rMilitary Vehicle Design Click to

  20. Outsourcing the Design of Structural Building Components

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swearingin, Adam V.

    2008-05-16

    . This project contains an examination of the tasks associated with the design of structural building components. These tasks are evaluated to determine the feasibility of outsourcing any or all “core competencies” to a consultant which employs design...

  1. Design for Energy Efficiency in Residential Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, M.; Zhang, Y.; Yang, G.

    2006-01-01

    This paper presents the thermal design and heating design of an energy saving residential building in Beijing where the owners lived until 2004. Results show the advantages and disadvantages of a household-based heating mode by natural gas. Based...

  2. AVTA: Vehicle to Grid Power Flow Regulations and Building Codes...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Merit Review 2014: PEV Integration with Renewables Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Electric Vehicle Grid Integration ANSI Electric Vehicle Standards Roadmap v2.0...

  3. Analysis of electric vehicle interconnection with commercial building microgrids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stadler, Michael; Mendes, Goncalo; Marnay, Chris; Mé gel, Olivier; Lai, Judy

    2011-04-01

    The outline of this presentation is: (1) global concept of microgrid and electric vehicle (EV) modeling; (2) Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM); (3) presentation summary - how does the number of EVs connected to the building change with different optimization goals (cost versus CO{sub 2}); (3) ongoing EV modeling for California: the California commercial end-use survey (CEUS) database, objective: 138 different typical building - EV connections and benefits; (4) detailed analysis for healthcare facility: optimal EV connection at a healthcare facility in southern California; and (5) conclusions. Conclusions are: (1) EV Charging/discharging pattern mainly depends on the objective of the building (cost versus CO{sub 2}); (2) performed optimization runs show that stationary batteries are more attractive than mobile storage when putting more focus on CO{sub 2} emissions. Why? Stationary storage is available 24 hours a day for energy management - more effective; (3) stationary storage will be charged by PV, mobile only marginally; (4) results will depend on the considered region and tariff - final work will show the results for 138 different buildings in nine different climate zones and three major utility service territories.

  4. Online Mechanism Design for Electric Vehicle Charging Enrico H. Gerding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yiling

    Online Mechanism Design for Electric Vehicle Charging Enrico H. Gerding eg@ecs.soton.ac.uk Valentin electric vehicles are expected to place a consid- erable strain on local electricity distribution networks mechanisms are evaluated in depth, using data from a real-world trial of electric vehicles in the UK

  5. Autonomous Controller Design for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    Autonomous Controller Design for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles using Multi-objective Genetic Programming controllers were developed for fixed wing unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) applications using multi well to real UAVs. 2 Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Simulation The focus of this research was the development

  6. CIV498 Design Project Winter 2016 Project Title: Building Science (Sustainable building design and energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    emissions from burning fossil fuels at buildings and at thermal electrical generation for building in the building's thermal envelope and electrical consuming systems up front to minimize thermal and electrical Building-as-a-System principles. Using a basic architectural design provided the students will work

  7. Design of a Lateral-Line Sensor for an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Hemmen, J. Leo

    ) are trying to build an artificial lateral-line sensor by replicating the hair cells using MEMS technologyDesign of a Lateral-Line Sensor for an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle Nora Martiny, Stefan Sosnowski Anoptichthys jordani, underwater sensors 1. INTRODUCTION Just after hatching the blind Mexican cave fish (Anop

  8. Green Buildings: Construction Design Firms' Implementation of Sustainable Design Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malone, Nathan

    2008-12-19

    in order to stay competitive in the construction design industry. The paper starts by describing the parts of the current industry standard green building rating system, Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED), and explaining whom uses LEED...

  9. High Performance Sustainable Building Design RM

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    High Performance Sustainable Building Design Review Module March 2010 CD-0 O High 0 This Re Les OFFICE OF h Perform CD-1 eview Module ssons learned f F ENVIRON Standard R mance Su...

  10. Integrated structural and thermal design of an entry vehicle aeroshell 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cochran, David Brian

    1996-01-01

    , a graphite / epoxy composite structure was designed based on the primary load conditions. Next, a thermal protection system (TPS) was added to the exterior of the vehicle. The second design featured a structurally integrated TPS. This new approach...

  11. Design considerations for engineering Autonomous Underwater Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shah, Vikrant P. (Vikrant Pankaj)

    2007-01-01

    Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) have been established as a viable tool for Oceanographic Sciences. Being untethered and independent, AUVs fill the gap in Ocean Exploration left by the existing manned submersible and ...

  12. AVTA: Vehicle to Grid Power Flow Regulations and Building Codes Review

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following report is a review of Vehicle-to-Grid power flow regulations and building codes, as informed by the AVTA's testing on plug-in electric vehicle charging equipment. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  13. Control system design for a parallel hybrid electric vehicle 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buntin, David Leighton

    1994-01-01

    This thesis addresses the design of control systems for a parallel hybrid electric drive train which is an alternative to conventional passenger vehicles. The principle components of the drive train are a small internal combustion engine...

  14. Exploration of a provisional design for the future autonomous vehicle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lanre-Amos, Oluwatobi Olamide

    2015-01-01

    The goal of this thesis is to design a plausible fully automated vehicle that could be easily integrated into today's society. There's a unique opportunity to introduce large steps of innovation within the automobile ...

  15. Y-12 Sustainable Design Principles for Building Design and Construction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jackson, J. G.

    2008-11-01

    B&W Y-12 is committed to modernizing the Y-12 complex to meet future needs with a sustainable and responsive infrastructure and to integrating sustainability principles and practices into Y-12 work (Y72-001, B&W Y-12 Environmental, Safety and Health Policy). This commitment to sustainability and specifically sustainable design of buildings is also incorporated into Presidential Executive Orders (EO), DOE Orders (DOE O), and goals. Sustainable building design is an approach to design, construct, and operate facilities in an efficient and environmentally sound manner that will produce a healthful, resource-efficient and productive working environment that is inherently protective of the environment. The DOE has established the following 5 Guiding Principles for High Performance Sustainable Building (HPSB), and has issued directives that require Y-12 to incorporate the principles and a number of supporting specific practices and techniques into building design, construction and renovation projects: (1) Employ Integrated Design Principles; (2) Optimize Energy Performance; (3) Protect and Conserve Water; (4) Enhance Indoor Environmental Quality; and (5) Reduce Environmental Impact of Materials. The purpose of this document is to present the required sustainable building principles, practices and techniques, summarize the key drivers for incorporating them into Y-12 projects, and present additional recommendations and resources that can be used to support sustainable buildings to enhance the environmental and economic performance of the Y-12 Complex.

  16. Analysis of electric vehicle interconnection with commercial building microgrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2011-01-01

    with commercial building microgrids Michael Stadler, Gonçalocommercial building microgrids *) Michael Stadler GonçaloSVOW), http://der.lbl.gov/microgrids-lbnl/current-project-

  17. Building the Next Generation of Parallel Applications: Co-Design...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Building the Next Generation of Parallel Applications: Co-Design Opportunities and Challenges. Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Building the Next Generation of Parallel...

  18. An omni-directional design tool for series hybrid electric vehicle design 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shidore, Neeraj Shripad

    2005-02-17

    System level parametric design of hybrid electric vehicles involves estimation of the power ratings as well as the values of certain parameters of the components, given the values of the performance parameters. The design is based on certain...

  19. Building design guidelines for solar energy technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Givoni, B.

    1989-01-01

    There are two main objectives to this publication. The first is to find out the communalities in the experience gained in previous studies and in actual applications of solar technologies in buildings, residential as well as nonresidential. The second objective is to review innovative concepts and products which may have an impact on future developments and applications of solar technologies in buildings. The available information and common lessons were collated and presented in a form which, hopefully, is useful for architects and solar engineers, as well as for teachers of solar architecture'' and students in Architectural Schools. The publication is based mainly on the collection and analysis of relevant information. The information included previous studies in which the performance of solar buildings was evaluated, as well as the personal experience of the Author and the research consultants. The state of the art, as indicated by these studies and personal experience, was summarized and has served as basis for the development of the Design Guidelines. In addition to the summary of the state of the art, as was already applied in solar buildings, an account was given of innovative concepts and products. Such innovations have occurred in the areas of thermal storage by Phase Change Materials (PCM) and in glazing with specialized or changeable properties. Interesting concepts were also developed for light transfer, which may enable to transfer sunlight to the core areas of large multi story nonresidential buildings. These innovations may have a significant impact on future developments of solar technologies and their applications in buildings. 15 refs., 19 figs., 3 tabs.

  20. Vehicle drive module having improved terminal design

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Beihoff, Bruce C.; Radosevich, Lawrence D.; Phillips, Mark G.; Kehl, Dennis L.; Kaishian, Steven C.; Kannenberg, Daniel G.

    2006-04-25

    A terminal structure for vehicle drive power electronics circuits reduces the need for a DC bus and thereby the incidence of parasitic inductance. The structure is secured to a support that may receive one or more power electronic circuits. The support may aid in removing heat from the circuits through fluid circulating through the support. The support may form a shield from both external EMI/RFI and from interference generated by operation of the power electronic circuits. Features may be provided to permit and enhance connection of the circuitry to external circuitry, such as by direct contact between the terminal assembly and AC and DC circuit components. Modular units may be assembled that may be coupled to electronic circuitry via plug-in arrangements or through interface with a backplane or similar mounting and interconnecting structures.

  1. MIT Electric Vehicle Team Porsche designing a cooling system for the AC24 electric motor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meenen, Jordan N

    2010-01-01

    In this thesis I worked on the design and analysis of a cooling system for the electric motor of the MIT Electric Vehicle Team's Porsche 914 Battery Electric Vehicle. The vehicle's Azure Dynamics AC24 motor tended to ...

  2. Developing an integrated building design tool by coupling building energy simulation and computational fluid dynamics programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhai, Zhiqiang, 1971-

    2003-01-01

    Building energy simulation (ES) and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) can play important roles in building design by providing essential information to help design energy-efficient, thermally comfortable and healthy ...

  3. Electric vehicle design, racing and distance to empty algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodgers, Lennon Patrick

    2013-01-01

    This research began with the goal of designing and building an electric motorcycle to compete in the Isle of Man TT Zero race. A set of parametric physics-based models was derived to size the batteries and motors, predict ...

  4. Sustainable Building Design Training | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter BatterySolarfinMarketMember CorpSunvie SASandBuilding Design

  5. THE DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF AN OMNI-DIRECTIONAL VEHICLE PLATFORM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    .....................................................................................................16 2 MOTOR AND GEAR TRAIN DESIGN................................................................................................... 24 Gear Train DesignTHE DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF AN OMNI-DIRECTIONAL VEHICLE PLATFORM By CHRISTOPHER ROBERT FULMER

  6. NATURE'S BUILDING CODE : THE BAUHAUS SCHOOL OF CELL DESIGN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boal, David

    NATURE'S BUILDING CODE : THE BAUHAUS SCHOOL OF CELL DESIGN by David H. Boal LA PHYSIQUE ET L'ÉDUCATION ( NATURE'S BUILDING CODE ... ) Prof. D.H. Boal , Dept. of Physics, Simon Fra- ser University's building code. By considering the construction of man-made buildings and bridges, we can extract some

  7. IEEE DESIGN AND TEST, SPECIAL ISSUE ON GREEN BUILDINGS 1 From Buildings to Smart Buildings Sensing and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simunic, Tajana

    IEEE DESIGN AND TEST, SPECIAL ISSUE ON GREEN BUILDINGS 1 From Buildings to Smart Buildings such as coal and natural gas, both of which have significant environmental impacts. While renewable energy. Furthermore, commercial buildings are increasingly be- coming mixed-use, that is, they now house both human

  8. Co-design of Control Algorithm and Embedded Platformfor Building HVAC Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maasoumy, Mehdi; Zhu, Qi; Li, Cheng; Meggers, Forrest; Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, Alberto

    2013-01-01

    concerns worldwide. Smart buildings today have sophisticateding building energy consumption by designing smart control

  9. Designing On-Road Vehicle Test Programs for the Development of Effective Vehicle Emission Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Younglove, T; Scora, G; Barth, M

    2005-01-01

    Uncertainty in Highway Vehicle Emission Factors,” EmissionPrograms for Effective Vehicle Emission Model DevelopmentU.S. EPA’s Mobile Vehicle Emission Simulator) are becoming

  10. Development of an integrated building design information interface 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Punjabi, Sonia Arjun

    2005-08-29

    This research recognizes the need for building simulation/performance tools that can easily be integrated into the building design process. The study examines available simulation tools and attempts to determine why these ...

  11. Impacts of Some Building Design Parameters on Heat Pump Applications 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erdim, B.; Manioglu, G.

    2011-01-01

    . In this study; in order to provide energy conservation and climatic comfort in buildings, an approach which aims to control the energy consumption of heat pumps by controlling decisions related to building design parameters have been developed. For this purpose...

  12. Kandler Smith, NREL EDV Battery Robust Design -1 Design of Electric Drive Vehicle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    decomposition SEI formation = f(as, formation conditions) Mostly formed during first cycle of batteryKandler Smith, NREL EDV Battery Robust Design - 1 Design of Electric Drive Vehicle Batteries by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. NREL/PR-5400-48933 #12;Kandler Smith, NREL EDV Battery Robust Design

  13. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Electric Vehicle Charging Impact Review for MultiUser Residential Buildings in British Columbia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    596 Electric Vehicle Charging ­ Impact Review for Multi User Residential Buildings in British .......................................................................................................................................... 4 3 Electric Vehicles in British Columbia .................................................................................................................................... 27 6.1 City of Vancouver ­ Electric Vehicle Provision Regulations

  14. Building energy calculator : a design tool for energy analysis of residential buildings in Developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Jonathan Y. (Jonathan York), 1979-

    2004-01-01

    Buildings are one of the world's largest consumers of energy, yet measures to reduce energy consumption are often ignored during the building design process. In developing countries, enormous numbers of new residential ...

  15. Passive Solar Building Design and Solar Thermal Space Heating Webinar

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Webinar of National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Senior Engineer Andy Walker's presentation about passive solar building design and solar thermal space heating technologies and applications.

  16. Use of advanced composite materials for innovative building design solutions/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lau, Tak-bun, Denvid

    2009-01-01

    Advanced composite materials become popular in construction industry for the innovative building design solutions including strengthening and retrofitting of existing structures. The interface between different materials ...

  17. Why Do Building Owners Invest in Bicycle-Oriented Design?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Orrick, Phyllis; Trapenberg Frick, Karen; Ragland, David R

    2011-01-01

    Building Owners Invest in Bicycle-Oriented Design? Phyllisof California, Berkeley ISSUE Bicycle infrastructure designhas largely emphasized bicycle lanes and paths, with little

  18. University of Leeds Sustainable buildings design, construction and refurbishment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haase, Markus

    University of Leeds Sustainable buildings design, construction and refurbishment standard February 2014 The construction of new University buildings and the refurbishment of our existing estate or refurbishment. The way we construct our buildings not only influences our success in meeting carbon reduction

  19. "Designing equipment and buildings to more quickly respond to occupant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    prediction system Energy Efficient Smart Buildings In the near future, intelligent buildings"Designing equipment and buildings to more quickly respond to occupant behavior." Kamin Whitehouse University of Virginia Charlottesville, VA 434.982.2211 Whitehouse Research Group Our group is creating smart

  20. Achieving 50% Energy Savings in Office Buildings, Advanced Energy Design Guides: Office Buildings (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-09-01

    This fact sheet summarizes recommendations for designing new office buildings that result in 50% less energy use than conventional designs meeting minimum code requirements. The recommendations are drawn from the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Small to Medium Office Buildings, an ASHRAE publication that provides comprehensive recommendations for designing low-energy-use office buildings with gross floor areas up to 100,000 ft2 (see sidebar). Designed as a stand-alone document, this fact sheet provides key principles and a set of prescriptive design recommendations appropriate for smaller office buildings with insufficient budgets to fully implement best practices for integrated design and optimized performance. The recommendations have undergone a thorough analysis and review process through ASHRAE, and have been deemed the best combination of measures to achieve 50% savings in the greatest number of office buildings.

  1. Real-time Trajectory Design for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles using Receding Horizon Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Real-time Trajectory Design for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles using Receding Horizon Control by Yoshiaki Students #12;2 #12;Real-time Trajectory Design for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles using Receding Horizon Control This thesis investigates the coordination and control of fleets of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Future

  2. Passive Solar Building Design Basics | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    The difference between a passive solar home and a conventional home is design. Passive solar homes and other buildings are designed to take advantage of the local climate. Passive...

  3. Simple procedure for schematic design of passive solar buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wray, W.O.; Kosiewicz, C.E.

    1984-01-01

    A simple procedure for use during the schematic phase of passive solar building design is presented in this article. The procedure is quantitative and accurate enough to insure that designs based on the provided starting point values of the primary building parameters will be cost effective.

  4. Design, development, and validation of a remotely reconfigurable vehicle telemetry system for consumer and government applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siegel, Joshua Eric

    2011-01-01

    This thesis explores the design and development of a cost-effective, easy-to-use system for remotely monitoring vehicle performance and drivers' habits, with the aim of collecting data for vehicle characterization and ...

  5. Plug-in Electric Vehicle Interactions with a Small Office Building: An Economic Analysis using DER-CAM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Momber, Ilan; Gomez, Tomás; Venkataramanan, Giri; Stadler, Michael; Beer, Sebastian; Lai, Judy; Marnay, Chris; Battaglia, Vincent

    2010-06-01

    It is generally believed that plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) offer environmental and energy security advantages compared to conventional vehicles. Policies are stimulating electric transportation deployment, and PEV adoption may grow significantly. New technology and business models are being developed to organize the PEV interface and their interaction with the wider grid. This paper analyzes the PEVs' integration into a building's Energy Management System (EMS), differentiating between vehicle to macrogrid (V2M) and vehicle to microgrid (V2m) applications. This relationship is modeled by the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM), which finds optimal equipment combinations to meet microgrid requirements at minimum cost, carbon footprint, or other criteria. Results derive battery value to the building and the possibility of a contractual affiliation sharing the benefit. Under simple annual fixed payments and energy exchange agreements, vehicles are primarily used to avoid peak demand charges supplying cheaper off-peak electricity to the building during workdays.

  6. An Enterprise Decision Model for Optimal Vehicle Design and Technology Valuation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papalambros, Panos

    engineering simulation to provide a preliminary understanding of the technology's market and design potentialAn Enterprise Decision Model for Optimal Vehicle Design and Technology Valuation by Adam B. Cooper for Optimal Vehicle Design and Technology Valuation by Adam B. Cooper Chair: Panos Y. Papalambros Design

  7. 1 Copyright 2004 by ASME DESIGN FOR CRASHWORTHINESS OF VEHICLE STRUCTURES VIA EQUIVALENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saitou, Kazuhiro "Kazu"

    1 Copyright © 2004 by ASME DESIGN FOR CRASHWORTHINESS OF VEHICLE STRUCTURES VIA EQUIVALENT "equivalent" mechanism models of vehicle structures as a tool for the early design exploration. An equivalent, structural design for crashworthiness is a difficult task in which the design process often involves non

  8. Designing and Building File-Folder Bridges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowen, James D.

    with a group of our undergraduate engineering students to run a popsicle stick bridge-building contest for 11th into teams, and each team received a pile of popsicle sticks and a hot glue gun. Within a specified period

  9. Topology, design, analysis and thermal management of power electronics for hybrid electric vehicle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mi, Chunting "Chris"

    Topology, design, analysis and thermal management of power electronics for hybrid electric vehicle an important role in the success of electric, hybrid and fuel cell vehicles. Typical power electronics circuits in hybrid vehicles include electric motor drive circuits and DC/DC converter circuits. Conventional circuit

  10. Optimal design of hybrid and non-hybrid fuel cell vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papalambros, Panos

    Optimal design of hybrid and non-hybrid fuel cell vehicles by Jeongwoo Han A thesis submitted cell vehicles by Jeongwoo Han Chair: Panos Y. Papalambros Fuel cells are under development technology, however, still has many issues to be addressed for market acceptance. Several fuel cell vehicle

  11. Co-design of Control Algorithm and Embedded Platformfor Building HVAC Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maasoumy, Mehdi; Zhu, Qi; Li, Cheng; Meggers, Forrest; Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, Alberto

    2013-01-01

    A design flow for building automation and control systems,”Development of building automation and control systems,”systems as part of a Building Automation System (BAS). The

  12. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Design of High Performance, High Energy Cathode Materials

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Presentation given by Lawrence Berkley National Laboratory at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about design...

  13. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Design of High Performance, High Energy Cathode Materials

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Presentation given by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about design...

  14. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Design and Scalable Assembly of High Density Low Tortuosity Electrodes

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Massachusetts Institute of Technology at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about design...

  15. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Design and Evaluation of High Capacity Cathodes

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Argonne National Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about design and...

  16. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Design and Synthesis of Advanced High-Energy Cathode Materials

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Lawrence Berkley National Laboratory at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about design...

  17. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Design and Evaluation of High Capacity Cathodes

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Argonne National Laboratory at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about design and...

  18. Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Energy Storage System Design: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Markel, T.; Simpson, A.

    2006-05-01

    This paper discusses the design options for a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle, including power, energy, and operating strategy as they relate to the energy storage system.

  19. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Design and Scalable Assembly of High Density Low Tortuosity Electrodes

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Presentation given by Massachusetts Institute of Technology at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about design...

  20. Series hybrid vehicles and optimized hydrogen engine design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, J.R.; Aceves, S.; Van Blarigan, P.

    1995-05-10

    Lawrence Livermore, Sandia Livermore and Los Alamos National Laboratories have a joint project to develop an optimized hydrogen fueled engine for series hybrid automobiles. The major divisions of responsibility are: system analysis, engine design and kinetics modeling by LLNL; performance and emission testing, and friction reduction by SNL; computational fluid mechanics and combustion modeling by LANL. This project is a component of the Department of Energy, Office of Utility Technology, National Hydrogen Program. We report here on the progress on system analysis and preliminary engine testing. We have done system studies of series hybrid automobiles that approach the PNGV design goal of 34 km/liter (80 mpg), for 384 km (240 mi) and 608 km (380 mi) ranges. Our results indicate that such a vehicle appears feasible using an optimized hydrogen engine. The impact of various on-board storage options on fuel economy are evaluated. Experiments with an available engine at the Sandia Combustion Research Facility demonstrated NO{sub x} emissions of 10 to 20 ppm at an equivalence ratio of 0.4, rising to about 500 ppm at 0.5 equivalence ratio using neat hydrogen. Hybrid vehicle simulation studies indicate that exhaust NO{sub x} concentrations must be less than 180 ppm to meet the 0.2 g/mile California Air Resources Board ULEV or Federal Tier II emissions regulations. We have designed and fabricated a first generation optimized hydrogen engine head for use on an existing single cylinder Onan engine. This head currently features 14.8:1 compression ratio, dual ignition, water cooling, two valves and open quiescent combustion chamber to minimize heat transfer losses.

  1. Social Game for Building Energy Efficiency: Incentive Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sastry, S. Shankar

    consumption of buildings, both residential and commercial, accounts for approximately 40% of all energy usageSocial Game for Building Energy Efficiency: Incentive Design Lillian J. Ratliff, Ming Jin, Ioannis of a social game encouraging energy efficient behavior in occupants by dis- tributing points which determine

  2. Canister Storage Building (CSB) Design Basis Accident Analysis Documentation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    CROWE, R.D.; PIEPHO, M.G.

    2000-03-23

    This document provided the detailed accident analysis to support HNF-3553, Spent Nuclear Fuel Project Final Safety Analysis Report, Annex A, ''Canister Storage Building Final Safety Analysis Report''. All assumptions, parameters, and models used to provide the analysis of the design basis accidents are documented to support the conclusions in the Canister Storage Building Final Safety Analysis Report.

  3. The Emphasis on Ecological Design for High-rise Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, F.; Zhang, G.; Xie, M.

    2006-01-01

    Along with the rapid development of urbanization, there are more and more high-rise buildings in cities. Meanwhile, the negative impacts of high-rise buildings on the urban environment have become more and more serious. The ecological design of high...

  4. A HIERARCHICAL DESIGN OPTIMIZATION FRAMEWORK FOR BUILDING PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papalambros, Panos

    A HIERARCHICAL DESIGN OPTIMIZATION FRAMEWORK FOR BUILDING PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS Ruchi Choudhary1 the consistency between decisions made at various points during building performance analysis. Analytical Target values of performance goals compatible with one another. Application to the energy analysis of a three

  5. Experimental Response of Buildings Designed with Metallic Structural Fuses. II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruneau, Michel

    floor vibrations in buildings designed per the structural fuse concept. The seismic isolation device 0733-9445 2009 135:4 394 CE Database subject headings: Structural design; Steel structures; Seismic design; Seismic effects; Damping; Inelasticity; Ductility; Shake table tests. Introduction Passive energy

  6. Considering Climate Change in Road and Building Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - time maximum 3-second wind speed. Cur- rent climate models do not generate this informationConsidering Climate Change in Road and Building Design First Infrastructure and Climate Network in infrastruc- ture design? How can engineers design for a changing climate? How can climate scien- tists better

  7. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Multi-Material Lightweight Vehicles: Mach II Design

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by VEHMA at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about multi-material lightweight vehicles:...

  8. Schematic design of distributed mass damping systems for tall buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silbiger, Jason Stahl

    2014-01-01

    As new high-rises grow taller and more slender, the design of tall buildings becomes heavily constrained by the control of lateral displacements and accelerations due to dynamic excitations. This has led to the development ...

  9. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Heirloom Design Build...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    rigid foam under slab; sealed attic with R-28 ocsf under roof deck; 22.8 SEER; 12.5 HSPF heat pump. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Heirloom Design Build, Atlanta, GA More...

  10. Zinc-bromine battery design for electric vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bellows, R.; Grimes, P.; Einstein, H.; Kantner, E.; Malachesky, P.; Newby, K.

    1982-01-01

    Design projections for zinc-bromine batteries are attractive for electric vehicle applications in terms of low manufacturing costs ($28/kWh) and good performance characteristics. Zinc-bromine batery projections (60 to 80 Wh/kg, 130 to 200 W/kg) compare favorably to both current lead acid batteries and proposed advanced battery candidates. The performance of recently developed battery components with 1200 cm/sup 2/ electrodes in a 120V, 10 kWh module is described. Similarly constructed smaller scale (600 cm/sup 2/) components have shown lifetimes exceeding 400 cycles and the ability to follow both regenerative braking (J227aD) and random cycling regimes. Initial dynamometer evaluations of full scale 20 kWh batteries is expected in early 1984.

  11. Zinc-bromine battery design for electric vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bellows, R.J.; Einstein, H.; Grimes, P.; Kantner, E.; Malachesky, P.; Newby, K.

    1983-02-01

    Design projections for zinc-bromine batteries are attractive for electric vehicle applications in terms of low manufacturing costs ($28/kWh) and good performance characteristics. Zinc-bromine battery projections (60-80 Wh/kg, 130-200 W/kg) compare favorably to both current lead acid batteries and proposed advanced battery candidates. The performance of recently developed battery components with 1200 cm/sup 2/ electrodes in a 120V, 10 kWh module is described. Similarly constructed smaller scale (600 cm/sup 2/) components have shown lifetimes exceeding 400 cycles and the ability to follow both regenerative braking (J227aD) and random cycling regimes. Initial dynamometer evaluations of full scale 20 kWh batteries is expected in early 1984.

  12. Polymer selection and cell design for electric-vehicle supercapacitors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mastragostino, M.; Arbizzani, C.; Paraventi, R.; Zanelli, A.

    2000-02-01

    Supercapacitors are devices for applications requiring high operating power levels, such as secondary power sources in electric vehicles (EVs) to provide peak power for acceleration and hill climbing. While electronically conducting polymers yield different redox supercapacitor configurations, devices with the n-doped polymer as the negative electrode and the p-doped polymer as the positive one are the most promising for EV applications. Indeed, this type of supercapacitor has a high operating potential, is able to deliver all the doping charge and, when charged, has both electrodes in the conducting (p- and n-doped) states. This study reports selection criteria for polymer materials and cell design for high performance EV supercapacitors and experimental results of selected polymer materials.

  13. Analyzing Design Heating Loads in Superinsulated Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arena, Lois

    2015-06-16

    The U.S. Department of Energy’s Building America research team Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings (CARB) worked with the EcoVillage cohousing community in Ithaca, New York, on the Third Residential EcoVillage Experience neighborhood. This communityscale project consists of 40 housing units—15 apartments and 25 single-family residences. Units range in size from 450 ft2 to 1,664 ft2 and cost from $80,000 for a studio apartment to $235,000 for a three- or four-bedroom single-family home. For the research component of this project, CARB analyzed current heating system sizing methods for superinsulated homes in cold climates to determine if changes in building load calculation methodology should be recommended. Actual heating energy use was monitored and compared to results from the Air Conditioning Contractors of America’s Manual J8 (MJ8) and the Passive House Planning Package software. Results from that research indicate that MJ8 significantly oversizes heating systems for superinsulated homes and that thermal inertia and internal gains should be considered for more accurate load calculations.

  14. Life Cycle Energy and Environmental Assessment of Aluminum-Intensive Vehicle Design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Das, Sujit

    2014-01-01

    Advanced lightweight materials are increasingly being incorporated into new vehicle designs by automakers to enhance performance and assist in complying with increasing requirements of corporate average fuel economy standards. To assess the primary energy and carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) implications of vehicle designs utilizing these materials, this study examines the potential life cycle impacts of two lightweight material alternative vehicle designs, i.e., steel and aluminum of a typical passenger vehicle operated today in North America. LCA for three common alternative lightweight vehicle designs are evaluated: current production ( Baseline ), an advanced high strength steel and aluminum design ( LWSV ), and an aluminum-intensive design (AIV). This study focuses on body-in-white and closures since these are the largest automotive systems by weight accounting for approximately 40% of total curb weight of a typical passenger vehicle. Secondary mass savings resulting from body lightweighting are considered for the vehicles engine, driveline and suspension. A cradle-to-cradle life cycle assessment (LCA) was conducted for these three vehicle material alternatives. LCA methodology for this study included material production, mill semi-fabrication, vehicle use phase operation, and end-of-life recycling. This study followed international standards ISO 14040:2006 [1] and ISO 14044:2006 [2], consistent with the automotive LCA guidance document currently being developed [3]. Vehicle use phase mass reduction was found to account for over 90% of total vehicle life cycle energy and CO2e emissions. The AIV design achieved mass reduction of 25% (versus baseline) resulting in reductions in total life cycle primary energy consumption by 20% and CO2e emissions by 17%. Overall, the AIV design showed the best breakeven vehicle mileage from both primary energy consumption and climate change perspectives.

  15. A structural analysis of vehicle design responses to Corporate Average Fuel Economy policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michalek, Jeremy J.

    A structural analysis of vehicle design responses to Corporate Average Fuel Economy policy Ching 2009 Accepted 29 August 2009 Keywords: Corporate Average Fuel Economy Energy policy Oligopolistic market Game theory Vehicle design a b s t r a c t The US Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE

  16. China Building Design Consultants | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank,CammackFLIR JumpMaine:WestTexas: Energy ResourcesRenewableChimayo,Building

  17. Optimal design and allocation of electrified vehicles and dedicated charging infrastructure for minimum life cycle greenhouse gas emissions and cost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGaughey, Alan

    and GHG emissions of electrified vehicles. c We design PHEVs and BEVs and assign vehicles and charging). Passenger vehicles accounted for 9.5% of 2010 US carbon dioxide emissions (US EPA, 2011) and 19% of 2009Optimal design and allocation of electrified vehicles and dedicated charging infrastructure

  18. Designing buildings for disassembly : stimulating a change in the designer's role

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaïsset, Ines (Ines Sophie Maya)

    2011-01-01

    Today's industrial infrastructure in the building field results in specific types of problems with current design strategies. Here, the potential of Design for Disassembly (DfD) is explored as a solution for a new type of ...

  19. The MIT Design Advisor : simple and rapid energy simulation of early-stage building designs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Urban, Bryan J. (Bryan James)

    2007-01-01

    Simulation tools, when applied early in the design process, can considerably reduce the energy demand of newly constructed buildings. For a simulation tool to assist with design, it must be easy to use, provide feedback ...

  20. Designing and Building a Graphical Model Library in Standard ML

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Kevin Patrick

    Designing and Building a Graphical Model Library in Standard ML Clint Morgan December 2004 Abstract This paper discusses several design considerations for a probabilistic graphical model library. The library, dubbed GM, currently only contains a small subset of desirable features for such a library. In particular

  1. Impact of Vehicle Efficiency Improvements on Powertrain Design

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Explores how various chassis and complete vehicle improvements offer opportunities for energy recuperation on long-haul truck duty cycle, and how they impact powertrain requirements

  2. Informing design decisions : an approach to corporate building design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Marc A

    1985-01-01

    This thesis is an investigation into design methodologies. How do we, as designers, prepare ourselves for decision making and evaluate our assumptions and decisions? The intent is to employ this information as a basis for ...

  3. Architecture earth-sheltered buildings. Design manual 1. 4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-03-01

    Design guidance is presented for use by experienced engineers and architects. The types of buildings within the scope of this manual include slab-on-grade, partially-buried (bermed) or fully-buried, and large (single-story or multistory) structures. New criteria unique to earth-sheltered design are included for the following disciplines: Planning, Landscape Design, Life-Cycle Analysis, Architectural, Structural, Mechanical (criteria include below-grade heat flux calculation procedures), and Electrical.

  4. Building-Integrated Photovoltaic Designs for Commercial and Institutional Structures: A Sourcebook for Architects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-01-18

    Sourcebook for architects on building-integrated photovoltaic designs covering commercial and institutional structures.

  5. Hybrid vehicle system studies and optimized hydrogen engine design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, J.R.; Aceves, S.

    1995-04-26

    We have done system studies of series hydrogen hybrid automobiles that approach the PNGV design goal of 34 km/liter (80 mpg), for 384 km (240 mi) and 608 km (380 mi) ranges. Our results indicate that such a vehicle appears feasible using an optimized hydrogen engine. We have evaluated the impact of various on-board storage options on fuel economy. Experiments in an available engine at the Sandia CRF demonstrated NO{sub x} emissions of 10 to 20 ppM at an equivalence ratio of 0.4, rising to about 500 ppm at 0.5 equivalence ratio using neat hydrogen. Hybrid simulation studies indicate that exhaust NO{sub x} concentrations must be less than 180 ppM to meet the 0.2 g/mile ULEV or Federal Tier II emissions regulations. LLNL has designed and fabricated a first generation optimized hydrogen engine head for use on an existing Onan engine. This head features 15:1 compression ratio, dual ignition, water cooling, two valves and open quiescent combustion chamber to minimize heat transfer losses. Initial testing shows promise of achieving an indicated efficiency of nearly 50% and emissions of less than 100 ppM NO{sub x}. Hydrocarbons and CO are to be measured, but are expected to be very low since their only source is engine lubricating oil. A successful friction reduction program on the Onan engine should result in a brake thermal efficiency of about 42% compared to today`s gasoline engines of 32%. Based on system studies requirements, the next generation engine will be about 2 liter displacement and is projected to achieve 46% brake thermal efficiency with outputs of 15 kW for cruise and 40 kW for hill climb.

  6. The Micro Craft iSTAR Micro Air Vehicle: Control System Design and Testing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rotkowitz, Michael C.

    The Micro Craft iSTAR Micro Air Vehicle: Control System Design and Testing Larry Lipera i 2000. This paper describes the vehicle, control system, and ground and flight-test results. Presented at the American Helicopter Society 57th Annual forum, Washington, DC, May 9-11, 2001. Copyright 2001

  7. Optimal Design of Power-Split Transmissions for Hydraulic Hybrid Passenger Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Perry Y.

    Optimal Design of Power-Split Transmissions for Hydraulic Hybrid Passenger Vehicles Kai Loon Cheong, Perry Y. Li and Thomas R. Chase Abstract-- Hydraulic hybrid vehicles are inherently power dense. Power-split or hydro-mechanical transmissions (HMT) have advantages over series and parallel architectures

  8. Cost-Effective Design of a Hybrid Electrical Energy Storage System for Electric Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    Cost-Effective Design of a Hybrid Electrical Energy Storage System for Electric Vehicles Di Zhu1 to the successful application of hybrid electrical energy storage (HEES) systems in electric vehi- cles (EVs energy storage system comprised of Li-ion batteries only. 1. INTRODUCTION Electric vehicles (EVs) have

  9. ANALYSIS AND CONTROL DESIGN OF A HYDRO-MECHANICAL HYDRAULIC HYBRID PASSENGER VEHICLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Perry Y.

    ANALYSIS AND CONTROL DESIGN OF A HYDRO-MECHANICAL HYDRAULIC HYBRID PASSENGER VEHICLE Teck Ping, Sim@me.umn.edu ABSTRACT This paper gives the dynamic analysis of a hydro- mechanical transmission (HMT) drive train passenger vehicle with a hydro-mechanical transmission (HMT) drive train with regeneration and indepen- dent

  10. Controller design for underwater vehicle systems with communication constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Brooks Louis-Kiguchi

    2015-01-01

    Real-time cooperation between autonomous vehicles can enable time-critical missions such as tracking and pursuit of a dynamic target or environmental feature, but relies on wireless communications. Underwater, communication ...

  11. AUVs: designing and operating next generation vehicles Gwyn Griffiths*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griffiths, Gwyn

    Centre, UK Ian Edwards, Subsea7 Ltd., UK Abstract Over the last decade Autonomous Underwater Vehicles, commercial seafloor survey, subsea mineral exploration and defence communities, it is timely to review

  12. 1 INTRODUCTION Seismic design provisions in building codes aim

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Jack W.

    1 INTRODUCTION Seismic design provisions in building codes aim to provide adequate collapse safety uncertainty for collapse safety assessment. A variety of reliability methods are explored and compared behavior of its components and its assessment requires non- linear analysis models that capture large

  13. Designing and Building a Negotiating Automated Sarit Kraus \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kraus, Sarit

    Designing and Building a Negotiating Automated Agent Sarit Kraus \\Lambda Department of Mathematics developed a general structure for a Negotiating Automated Agent that consists of five modules: a Prime than human players. Key Words: Automated Negotiations, Multi­Agent Environment, Game Playing, Local

  14. Designing Adaptive Lighting Control Algorithms for Smart Buildings and Homes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dasgupta, Partha

    Designing Adaptive Lighting Control Algorithms for Smart Buildings and Homes Yuan Wang Arizona State University Tempe, AZ, USA Email: Yuan.Wang.4@asu.edu Abstract-Artificial lighting is often the main lighting provision for workplaces. This paper describes algorithms for optimizing lighting control

  15. READ THIS: Before You Design, Build or Renovate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joseph Lstiburek

    2006-12-07

    This pamphlet is designed for members of the residential construction and remodeling industries, as well as owners and managers who work in affordable housing, and presents building guidance for both new construction and rehabilitation, as well as practices that can be used by property maintenance personnel.

  16. Direct-hydrogen-fueled proton-exchange-membrane fuel cell system for transportation applications: Conceptual vehicle design report pure fuel cell powertrain vehicle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oei, D.; Kinnelly, A.; Sims, R.; Sulek, M.; Wernette, D.

    1997-02-01

    In partial fulfillment of the Department of Energy (DOE) Contract No. DE-AC02-94CE50389, {open_quotes}Direct-Hydrogen-Fueled Proton-Exchange-Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cell for Transportation Applications{close_quotes}, this preliminary report addresses the conceptual design and packaging of a fuel cell-only powered vehicle. Three classes of vehicles are considered in this design and packaging exercise, the Aspire representing the small vehicle class, the Taurus or Aluminum Intensive Vehicle (AIV) Sable representing the mid-size vehicle and the E-150 Econoline representing the van-size class. A fuel cell system spreadsheet model and Ford`s Corporate Vehicle Simulation Program (CVSP) were utilized to determine the size and the weight of the fuel cell required to power a particular size vehicle. The fuel cell power system must meet the required performance criteria for each vehicle. In this vehicle design and packaging exercise, the following assumptions were made: fuel cell power system density of 0.33 kW/kg and 0.33 kg/liter, platinum catalyst loading less than or equal to 0.25 mg/cm{sup 2} total and hydrogen tanks containing gaseous hydrogen under 340 atm (5000 psia) pressure. The fuel cell power system includes gas conditioning, thermal management, humidity control, and blowers or compressors, where appropriate. This conceptual design of a fuel cell-only powered vehicle will help in the determination of the propulsion system requirements for a vehicle powered by a PEMFC engine in lieu of the internal combustion (IC) engine. Only basic performance level requirements are considered for the three classes of vehicles in this report. Each vehicle will contain one or more hydrogen storage tanks and hydrogen fuel for 560 km (350 mi) driving range. Under these circumstances, the packaging of a fuel cell-only powered vehicle is increasingly difficult as the vehicle size diminishes.

  17. Designing sustainable heavy lift launch vehicle architectures adaptability, lock-in, and system evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silver, Matthew Robin

    2005-01-01

    Long term human space exploration depends on the development of a sustainable heavy lift launch vehicle (HLLV). But what exactly is sustainability in the context of launch systems and how can it addressed in the design ...

  18. The Design of an Uninhabited Air Vehicle for Remote Sensing in the Cryosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donovan, William

    2007-12-18

    This document summarizes the results of the preliminary design of an Uninhabited Air Vehicle (UAV) for use in Cryospheric research. This includes the development of a mission specification with all related performance ...

  19. Demonstration of improved vehicle fuel efficiency through innovative tire design, materials, and weight reduction technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Donley, Tim

    2014-12-31

    Cooper completed an investigation into new tire technology using a novel approach to develop and demonstrate a new class of fuel efficient tires using innovative materials technology and tire design concepts. The objective of this work was to develop a new class of fuel efficient tires, focused on the “replacement market” that would improve overall passenger vehicle fuel efficiency by 3% while lowering the overall tire weight by 20%. A further goal of this project was to accomplish the objectives while maintaining the traction and wear performance of the control tire. This program was designed to build on what has already been accomplished in the tire industry for rolling resistance based on the knowledge and general principles developed over the past decades. Cooper’s CS4 (Figure #1) premium broadline tire was chosen as the control tire for this program. For Cooper to achieve the goals of this project, the development of multiple technologies was necessary. Six technologies were chosen that are not currently being used in the tire industry at any significant level, but that showed excellent prospects in preliminary research. This development was divided into two phases. Phase I investigated six different technologies as individual components. Phase II then took a holistic approach by combining all the technologies that showed positive results during phase one development.

  20. Design/build -- an option not a panacea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coad, W.J. (McClure Engineering Associates, St. Louis, MO (United States))

    1994-03-01

    The heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) industry is one whose mission is to provide control of the indoor environment for the thermal comfort and health of the occupants of a space or controlled environment for a process such as manufacturing or research. The disciplines of which the industry is composed include lenders, owners, developers, investors, operators, architects, engineers, contractors, tradesmen, mechanics, manufacturers, and technicians. The manner in which these various disciplines relate to one another or should relate to one another varies, depending upon the objectives of any particular project. The purpose of this article is to examine and discuss the author's views on the advantages that firms who possess both engineering and construction capabilities can bring to the delivery process. Such firms are normally referred to as design/build firms, and the contracts that include both the design engineering and contracting scope are called design/build contracts.

  1. Design and analysis of an Extended Kalman Filter based navigator for an autonomous underwater vehicle 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Just, Bradley Eugene

    1994-01-01

    DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF AN EXTENDED KALMAN FILTER BASED NAVIGATOR FOR AN AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLE A Thesis by BRADLEY EUGENE JUST Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1994 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF AN EXTENDED KALMAN FILTER BASED NAVIGATOR FOR AN AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLE A Thesis by BRADLEY EUGENE JUST Submitted to Texas A...

  2. THE PASSIVE SOLAR DESIGN PROCESS FOR A SMALL OFFICE/LABORATORY BUILDING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andersson, Brandt

    2011-01-01

    More and more passive solar buildings will be built in theroles for passive solar in small commercial buildings, in aPASSIVE SOLAR DESIGN PROCESS FOR A SMALL OFFICE/LABORATORY BUILDING

  3. Application and Design of Residential Building Energy Saving in Cold Climates 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Z.; Li, D.; Mei, S.; Zhang, G.; Liu, J.

    2006-01-01

    Climate is the one of main considerations for residential building design since the green and energy saving building has become the trend in the building industry. China is actively popularizing high energy-effective and environment harmonious...

  4. Energy codes and the building design process: Opportunities for improvement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sandahl, L.J.; Shankle, D.L.; Rigler, E.J.

    1994-05-01

    The Energy Policy Act (EPAct), passed by Congress in 1992, requires states to adopt building energy codes for new commercial buildings that meet or exceed the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) and Illuminating Engineers Society of North America (IES) Standard 90.1-1989 by October 24, 1994. In response to EPAct many states will be adopting a state-wide energy code for the first time. Understanding the role of stakeholders in the building design process is key to the successful implementation of these codes. In 1993, the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) conducted a survey of architects and designers to determine how much they know about energy codes, to what extent energy-efficiency concerns influence the design process, and how they convey information about energy-efficient designs and products to their clients. Findings of the PNL survey, together with related information from a survey by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and other reports, are presented in this report. This information may be helpful for state and utility energy program managers and others who will be involved in promoting the adoption and implementation of state energy codes that meet the requirements of EPAct.

  5. Smart buildings with electric vehicle interconnection as buffer for local renewables?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2012-01-01

    N ATIONAL L ABORATORY Smart buildings with electric vehicleopportunity employer. Smart buildings with electric vehicleand integrated in smart buildings Is it that simple or does

  6. Optimal Power Train Design of a Hybrid Refuse Collector Vehicle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noé, Reinhold

    components like an electrical machine, an energy storage, etc. In order to exploit full potential is possible with most of hybrid electric vehicles, promises significant fuel saving. In addition. Apart from fuel savings, an electrically powered collec- tor unit allows noise reduction

  7. Design and Control of a Fully Automated Vehicle door 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Kyung-Min

    2010-07-14

    The objective of the research was to develop a fully automated vehicle car door that can detect any object obstructing its path during operation. A fully automated door concept has not yet been implemented in the car industry. The door, operated via...

  8. The added economic and environmental value of plug-in electric vehicles connected to commercial building microgrids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stadler, Michael; Momber, Ilan; Megel, Olivier; Gomez, Tomás; Marnay, Chris; Beer, Sebastian; Lai, Judy; Battaglia, Vincent

    2010-08-25

    Connection of electric storage technologies to smartgrids or microgrids will have substantial implications for building energy systems. In addition to potentially supplying ancillary services directly to the traditional centralized grid (or macrogrid), local storage will enable demand response. As an economically attractive option, mobile storage devices such as plug-in electric vehicles (EVs) are in direct competition with conventional stationary sources and storage at the building. In general, it is assumed that they can improve the financial as well as environmental attractiveness of renewable and fossil based on-site generation (e.g. PV, fuel cells, or microturbines operating with or without combined heat and power). Also, mobile storage can directly contribute to tariff driven demand response in commercial buildings. In order to examine the impact of mobile storage on building energy costs and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, a microgrid/distributed-energy-resources (DER) adoption problem is formulated as a mixed-integer linear program with minimization of annual building energy costs applying CO2 taxes/CO2 pricing schemes. The problem is solved for a representative office building in the San Francisco Bay Area in 2020. By using employees' EVs for energy management, the office building can arbitrage its costs. But since the car battery lifetime is reduced, a business model that also reimburses car owners for the degradation will be required. In general, the link between a microgrid and an electric vehicle can create a win-win situation, wherein the microgrid can reduce utility costs by load shifting while the electric vehicle owner receives revenue that partially offsets his/her expensive mobile storage investment. For the California office building with EVs connected under a business model that distributes benefits, it is found that the economic impact is very limited relative to the costs of mobile storage for the site analyzed, i.e. cost reductions from electric vehicle connections are modest. Nonetheless, this example shows that some economic benefit is created because of avoided demand charges and on-peak energy. The strategy adopted by the office building is to avoid these high on-peak costs by using energy from the mobile storage in the business hours. CO2 emission reduction strategy results indicate that EVs' contribution at the selected office building are minor.

  9. Design and performance relationships for cable distribution in multi-story office buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryan, Richard Cecil

    1990-01-01

    Weaknesses associated with cable distribution systems suggest a lack of design consideration in the planning stage of a building. The primary question to be addressed in this study is do relationships between design considerations and building...

  10. Just build it! : a fully functional concept vehicle using robotic wheels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmitt, Peter, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01

    Interest in electric vehicle drive units is resurging with the proliferation of hybrid and electric vehicles. Currently emerging key-technologies are: in-wheel motors, electric braking, integrated steering activators and ...

  11. DESIGN OF SMALL SCALE GAS TURBINE SYSTEMS FOR UNMANNED-AERIAL VEHICLES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camci, Cengiz

    DESIGN OF SMALL SCALE GAS TURBINE SYSTEMS FOR UNMANNED-AERIAL VEHICLES (AERSP 597/497-K) SPRING 814 865 9871 cxc11@psu.edu Summary : The proposed course is a three-credit gas turbine design course will be evaluated against (agreed) deadlines by the instructor. A number of lecturers from the gas turbine industry

  12. Model Reduction for Indoor-Air Behavior in Control Design for Energy-Efficient Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gugercin, Serkan

    Model Reduction for Indoor-Air Behavior in Control Design for Energy-Efficient Buildings Jeff models for the indoor-air environment in control design for energy efficient buildings. In one method by a desire to incorporate models of the indoor-air environment in the design of energy efficient buildings

  13. I-CARES PROFESSOR, ADVANCED BUILDING SYSTEMS & ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE AND GRADUATE SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE & URBAN DESIGN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Venkat

    at the rank of Associate or Full Professor with a focus on energy- efficient advanced building systems/ or a research record related to energy-efficient architectural design and building technologies, includingI-CARES PROFESSOR, ADVANCED BUILDING SYSTEMS & ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE

  14. The design, construction, and control of a wheeled robot vehicle 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ekiriwang, Tevo

    1986-01-01

    32 tooth gear 16 tooth gear 1/2 inch shaft 1/2 inch coupling 12 inch wheel drive box quantity 2 2 4 4 4 2 2 2 1 O / pt ~ k Figure 2. 7 Drive unit 20 Table 2. 2 huput voltage and output RPM for motors 1 and 2 output.... And finally, my thanks to nry parents for their love and support. TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER Page I INTRODUCTION 1. 1 Mobile Robots 1. 2 Modularity 1. 3 Proposal 1. 4 Research Procedure H ELECTRIC VEHICLE 13 2. 1 Base 2. 2 Drive Unit, 2. 3 Processing...

  15. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Design and Implementation of a Thermal Load Reduction System in a Hyundai PHEV

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by National Renewable Energy Laboratory at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about design...

  16. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Design Optimization of Piezoceramic Multilayer Actuators for Heavy Duty Diesel Engine Fuel Injectors

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Oak Ridge National Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about design...

  17. Smart buildings with electric vehicle interconnection as buffer for local renewables?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2012-01-01

    a building optimize its energy usage without knowing itsa building optimize its energy usage without knowing itshardly optimize its energy usage and models for estimating

  18. Solar Design Standards for State Buildings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergy BillsNo.Hydrogen4Energy Smooth BromeBuildingsDesign Standards for State

  19. Design of a Green Demo Building in a Hot and Humid City in China 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammer, W.; Kluz, E.; Sonan, A.; Jiang, Y.; Bacall, A.; Jones, B.

    2006-01-01

    advanced green design practice and technologies to reduce energy consumption and improve comfort, and to achieve sustainable demonstration. CODE INVESTIGATION The design needs to comply with the relevant standards and building regulations in China..., in conjunction with the best design practice in the USA. To recommend building parameters for the building, the local regulations on building envelope were compared with ASHRAE 90.1 (ASHRAE, 2004). ASHRAE 90.1 divided US territories into different climate...

  20. Energy-Performance-Based Design-Build Process: Strategies for Procuring High-Performance Buildings on Typical Construction Budgets: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scheib, J.; Pless, S.; Torcellini, P.

    2014-08-01

    NREL experienced a significant increase in employees and facilities on our 327-acre main campus in Golden, Colorado over the past five years. To support this growth, researchers developed and demonstrated a new building acquisition method that successfully integrates energy efficiency requirements into the design-build requests for proposals and contracts. We piloted this energy performance based design-build process with our first new construction project in 2008. We have since replicated and evolved the process for large office buildings, a smart grid research laboratory, a supercomputer, a parking structure, and a cafeteria. Each project incorporated aggressive efficiency strategies using contractual energy use requirements in the design-build contracts, all on typical construction budgets. We have found that when energy efficiency is a core project requirement as defined at the beginning of a project, innovative design-build teams can integrate the most cost effective and high performance efficiency strategies on typical construction budgets. When the design-build contract includes measurable energy requirements and is set up to incentivize design-build teams to focus on achieving high performance in actual operations, owners can now expect their facilities to perform. As NREL completed the new construction in 2013, we have documented our best practices in training materials and a how-to guide so that other owners and owner's representatives can replicate our successes and learn from our experiences in attaining market viable, world-class energy performance in the built environment.

  1. Topology Considerations in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Powertrain Architecture Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papalambros, Panos

    of Doctor of Philosophy (Mechanical Engineering) in The University of Michigan 2015 Doctoral Committee acknowledge General Motors Corp. and the Automotive Research Center, a US Army Center of Excellence.2.3 Chemical Structure Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 1.2.4 Automotive Powertrain Configuration Design

  2. ME 409: Flight Vehicle Design I: Information Sheet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Design- Parts 1-8, Jan Roskam, * Available on reserve in the Science and Engineering Library & in the Design Library LECTURES: This course is not your typical lecture-HW-test course. The format, described ACTIVITIES · There may be several types of active learning exercises that engage you either in teams

  3. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Clean Cities Coordinator Resource Building and National Networking Activities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by National Renewable Energy Laboratory at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about Clean...

  4. Smart buildings with electric vehicle interconnection as buffer for local renewables?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2012-01-01

    as buffer for local renewables? Michael Stadler, Gonçaloas buffer for local renewables? *) Michael Stadler Gonçaloowners to integrate renewables and electric vehicles?

  5. NIST BUILDING SCIENCE SERIES 181 High-Rise Database-Assisted Design 1.1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NIST BUILDING SCIENCE SERIES 181 High-Rise Database-Assisted Design 1.1 (HR_DAD_1.1): Concepts, University of Florence, Prato, Italy. #12;NIST BUILDING SCIENCE SERIES 181 High-Rise Database-Assisted Design 1.1 (HR_DAD_1.1): Concepts, Software, and Examples Seymour M.J. Spence Building and Fire Research

  6. Incorporating Vehicle Emission Models into the Highway Design Process 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ko, Myung-Hoon

    2012-02-14

    ?. ........................................................................................... 80 xii Page Figure 5.6 EMFs of fuel consumption and emissions by design categories ........... 83 Figure 5.7 Fuel consumption and emissions by K on vertical curves .................... 87 Figure 5.8 Fuel consumption... Figure 7.1 US 101 route evaluated with real geometric data ................................. 111 Figure 7.2 EMFs from actual vertical grades selected relative to the hypothetical condition of the good design...

  7. Port Graham Community Building Biomass Heating Design Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Norman, Patrick; Sink, Charles

    2015-04-30

    Native Village of Port Graham completed preconstruction activities to prepare for construction and operations of a cord wood biomass heating system to five or more community buildings in Port Graham, Alaska. Project Description Native Village of Port Graham (NVPG) completed preconstruction activities that pave the way towards reduced local energy costs through the construction and operations of a cord wood biomass heating system. NVPG plans include installation of a GARN WHS 3200 Boiler that uses cord wood as fuel source. Implementation of the 700,000 Btu per hour output biomass community building heat utility would heat 5-community buildings in Port Graham, Alaska. Heating system is estimated to displace 85% of the heating fuel oil or 5365 gallons of fuel on an annual basis with an estimated peak output of 600,000 Btu per hour. Estimated savings is $15,112.00 per year. The construction cost estimate made to install the new biomass boiler system is estimated $251,693.47 with an additional Boiler Building expansion cost estimated at $97,828.40. Total installed cost is estimated $349,521.87. The WHS 3200 Boiler would be placed inside a new structure at the old community Water Plant Building site that is controlled by NVPG. Design of the new biomass heat plant and hot water loop system was completed by Richmond Engineering, NVPG contractor for the project. A hot water heat loop system running off the boiler is designed to be placed underground on lands controlled by NVPG and stubbed to feed hot water to existing base board heating system in the following community buildings: 1. Anesia Anahonak Moonin Health and Dental Clinic 2. Native Village of Port Graham offices 3. Port Graham Public Safety Building/Fire Department 4. Port Graham Corporation Office Building which also houses the Port Graham Museum and Head Start Center 5. North Pacific Rim Housing Authority Workshop/Old Fire Hall Existing community buildings fuel oil heating systems are to be retro-fitted to accommodate hot water from the proposed wood-burning GARN Boiler, once installed, and rely on the existing fuel oil-fired hot water heating equipment for backup. The boiler would use an estimated 125 bone dry tons, equivalent to 100 cords, woody biomass feedstock obtained from local lands per year. Project would use local labor as described in the Port Graham Biomass Project, report completed by Chena Power, Inc. and Winters and Associates as part of the in-kind support to the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) project for work on a project for State of Alaska’s Alaska Energy Authority (AEA). NVPG will likely initiate operations of the biomass boiler system even though several operational variations were studied. Obtaining the fuel source could be done by contractors, PGVC employees, or NVPG employees. Feeding the system would likely be done by NVPG employees. A majority of the buildings heated would be owned by NVPG. The PGVC office would be heated as well as the Old Fire Hall used as a workshop and storage area for North Pacific Rim Housing Authority. One methodology studied to charge for cost of utilizing the community building biomass system would use a percentage of use of hot water generated by the biomass hot water system based on past heating oil usage in relation to all buildings heated by biomass hot water. The method is better described in the Port Graham Biomass Project report. Fuel source agreements have been drafted to enter into agreements with area landowners. One Native allotment owner has asked Chugachmiut Forestry to begin a timber sale process to sell timber off her lands, specifically wind thrown timber that was determined to be of sufficient quantity to supply to the proposed biomass heating system for approximately 5-years. On NVPG’s behalf, Chugachmiut has presented to PGVC three different documents, attached, that could lead to a sale of woody biomass fuel for the project for up to 25-years, the expected life of the project. PGVC has signed a letter of intent to negotiate a sale of woody biomass material April 30, 2015. Chugachmiut Forestry

  8. DESIGN OF POWER-SPLIT HYBRID VEHICLES WITH A SINGLE PLANETARY GEAR Chiao-Ting Li

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peng, Huei

    DESIGN OF POWER-SPLIT HYBRID VEHICLES WITH A SINGLE PLANETARY GEAR Chiao-Ting Li Department between gears on the planetary gearset K Final drive gear ratio on output shaft R Gear radius of the ring gear S Gear radius of the sun gear e (subscript) Engine MG (subscript) Electric machine out (subscript

  9. Modelling and Design Optimization of Low Speed Fuel Cell Hybrid Electric Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victoria, University of

    Modelling and Design Optimization of Low Speed Fuel Cell Hybrid Electric Vehicles by Matthew Blair of emissions to global climate change. Although electric cars and buses have been the focus of much of electric and utility purposes in many countries. In order to explore the viability of fuel cell - battery hybrid

  10. A Structural Analysis of Vehicle Design Responses to Corporate Average Fuel Economy Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michalek, Jeremy J.

    09-0588 A Structural Analysis of Vehicle Design Responses to Corporate Average Fuel Economy Policy, Michalek, and Hendrickson 1 ABSTRACT The U.S. Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) regulations, which aim fuel economy; Energy policy; Oligopolistic market; Mixed logit #12;Shiau, Michalek, and Hendrickson 2 1

  11. A system design for a courthouse building in Boston : implementing user needs and requirements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quiroz, Edgar Alexander

    1992-01-01

    In this thesis, will design a courthouse building located in the Government Center, Boston. This investigation will eventually lead to the development of a preliminary building system. In order to arrive at this level of ...

  12. Analysis of the Design of an HVAC System in a Public Building 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei, P.; Shao, Z.; Chen, H.

    2006-01-01

    Based on an example of the design of air conditioning system for a public building, this paper analyzes the characteristics of similar buildings, and introduces the air conditioning system, ventilating system, and the fire control system...

  13. Analytical Response and Design of Buildings with Metallic Structural Fuses. I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruneau, Michel

    and Michel Bruneau2 Abstract: Seismic design relies on inelastic deformations through hysteretic behavior; Seismic design; Seismic effects; Damping; Inelasticity; Ductility. Introduction Typically, in seismicAnalytical Response and Design of Buildings with Metallic Structural Fuses. I Ramiro Vargas1

  14. Net Zero Design Yields Positive Results "Net zero" is used to describe a building designed to provide as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waliser, Duane E.

    . Its two buildings produce enough energy from renewable sources (including a solar panel system features - such as water and energy efficiency, and environmentally friendly materials. Building 2101, designed to be 57% more energy efficient than the typical office building. Two other NASA facilities

  15. Smart buildings with electric vehicle interconnection as buffer for local renewables?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2012-01-01

    hourly loads and energy management system (EMS) data.the building energy management system (EMS) can manage (

  16. Preliminary Design of a Manned Nuclear Electric Propulsion Vehicle Using Genetic Algorithms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Irwin, Ryan W. [School of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 (United States); Tinker, Michael L. [Spacecraft and Vehicle Systems Department, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL 35812 (United States)

    2005-02-06

    Nuclear electric propulsion (NEP) vehicles will be needed for future manned missions to Mars and beyond. Candidate designs must be identified for further detailed design from a large array of possibilities. Genetic algorithms have proven their utility in conceptual design studies by effectively searching a large design space to pinpoint unique optimal designs. This research combined analysis codes for NEP subsystems with a genetic algorithm. The use of penalty functions with scaling ratios was investigated to increase computational efficiency. Also, the selection of design variables for optimization was considered to reduce computation time without losing beneficial design search space. Finally, trend analysis of a reference mission to the asteroids yielded a group of candidate designs for further analysis.

  17. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Improving Vehicle Fuel Efficiency Through Tire Design, Materials, and Reduced Weight

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Cooper Tire at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about improving vehicle fuel efficiency...

  18. AEVITA : designing biomimetic vehicle-to-pedestrian communication protocols for autonomously operating & parking on-road electric vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycooke, Nicholas (Nicholas D.)

    2012-01-01

    With research institutions from various private, government and academic sectors performing research into autonomous vehicle deployment strategies, the way we think about vehicles must adapt. But what happens when the ...

  19. Final Draft Building Automation Systems Design and Construction Standards October 3rd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Portman, Douglas

    Final Draft Building Automation Systems Design and Construction Standards October 3rd , 2013 1 Automation Systems Design and Construction Standards October 3rd , 2013 2 University of Rochester Building Automation Systems Design and Construction Standards October 3rd , 2013 3 Section 1 General Requirements

  20. BEopt: Software for Identifying Optimal Building Designs on the Path to Zero Net Energy; Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christensen, C.; Horowitz, S.; Givler, T.; Courtney, A.; Barker, G.

    2005-04-01

    A zero net energy (ZNE) building produces as much energy on-site as it uses on an annual basis--using a grid-tied, net-metered photovoltaic (PV) system and active solar. The optimal path to ZNE extends from a base case to the ZNE building through a series of energy-saving building designs with minimal energy-related owning and operating costs. BEopt is a computer program designed to find optimal building designs along the path to ZNE. A user selects from among predefined options in various categories to specify options to be considered in the optimization. Energy savings are calculated relative to a reference. The reference can be either a user-defined base-case building or a climate-specific Building America Benchmark building automatically generated by BEopt. The user can also review and modify detailed information on all available options and the Building America Benchmark in a linked options library spreadsheet.

  1. Plug-in Electric Vehicle Interactions with a Small Office Building: An Economic Analysis using DER-CAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Momber, Ilan

    2010-01-01

    Environmental Benefits of Electric Vehicles Integration onusing plug-in hybrid electric vehicle battery packs for gridL ABORATORY Plug-in Electric Vehicle Interactions with a

  2. Plug-in Electric Vehicle Interactions with a Small Office Building: An Economic Analysis using DER-CAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Momber, Ilan

    2010-01-01

    Environmental Benefits of Electric Vehicles Integration onusing plug-in hybrid electric vehicle battery packs for gridwith Connection of Electric Vehicles TABLE IV D ECISION V

  3. Project title: Natural ventilation, solar heating and integrated low-energy building design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-07-10

    emissions targets. That is why the Cambridge-MIT Institute set up a project to design buildings that consume less energy. The Challenge Their work focuses on the design of energy efficient buildings that use natural ventilation processes, solar... Awards E-stack brings a breath of fresh air to UK schools HOME ABOUT US FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES PROJECTS EDUCATION NEWS EVENTS DOWNLOADS CONTACT US PROJECTS Natural Ventilation Solar Heating and Integrated Low-Energy Building Design SEARCH: Go Page 1...

  4. Low-Infrastructure Hydroelectric Generator To design and build a portable, self

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van den Berg, Jur

    !! Low-Infrastructure Hydroelectric Generator To design and build a portable, self contained, hydroelectric generator that functions without the requisite infrastructure of today's more common hydroelectric

  5. Design and Operation of an Open, Interoperable Automated Demand Response Infrastructure for Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piette, Mary Ann

    2010-01-01

    response, automation, commercial, industrial buildings, peakautomation system design. Auto-DR for commercial and industrialautomation server renamed as the DRAS. This server was operated at a secure industrial

  6. Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers Webinar on Building Design & Passive Solar Transcript

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Video recording transcript of a Webinar on Nov. 16, 2010 about residential passive solar building design and solar thermal heating applications

  7. Transaction-Cost Economic Analysis of Institutional Change toward Design-Build Contracts for Public Transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whittington, Jan; Dowall, David E.

    2006-01-01

    private initiative to build Tacoma Narrows Bridge. Public–Bechtel and Kiewit on Tacoma Narrows), and promote, throughSince Thurston Way and Tacoma Narrows, two other design

  8. Innovative Structural and Joining Concepts for Lightweight Design of Heavy Vehicle Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jacky C. Prucz; Samir N. Shoukry; Gergis W. William

    2005-08-31

    Recent advances in the area of Metal Matrix Composites (MMC's) have brought these materials to a maturity stage where the technology is ready for transition to large-volume production and commercialization. The new materials seem to allow the fabrication of higher quality parts at less than 50 percent of the weight as compared to steel, especially when they are selectively reinforced with carbon, silicon carbide, or aluminum oxide fibers. Most of the developments in the MMC materials have been spurred, mainly by applications that require high structural performance at elevated temperatures, the heavy vehicle industry could also benefit from this emerging technology. Increasing requirements of weight savings and extended durability are the main drivers for potential insertion of MMC technology into the heavy vehicle market. Critical elements of a typical tractor-trailer combination, such as highly loaded sections of the structure, engine components, brakes, suspensions, joints and bearings could be improved through judicious use of MMC materials. Such an outcome would promote the DOE's programmatic objectives of increasing the fuel efficiency of heavy vehicles and reducing their life cycle costs and pollution levels. However, significant technical and economical barriers are likely to hinder or even prevent broad applications of MMC materials in heavy vehicles. The tradeoffs between such expected benefits (lower weights and longer durability) and penalties (higher costs, brittle behavior, and difficult to machine) must be thoroughly investigated both from the performance and cost viewpoints, before the transfer of MMC technology to heavy vehicle systems can be properly assessed and implemented. MMC materials are considered to form one element of the comprehensive, multi-faceted strategy pursued by the High Strength/Weight Reduction (HS/WR) Materials program of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) for structural weight savings and quality enhancements in heavy vehicles. The research work planed for the first year of this project (June 1, 2003 through May 30, 2004) focused on a theoretical investigation of weight benefits and structural performance tradeoffs associated with the design, fabrication, and joining of MMC components for heavy-duty vehicles. This early research work conducted at West Virginia University yielded the development of integrated material-structural models that predicted marginal benefits and significant barriers to MMC applications in heavy trailers. The results also indicated that potential applications of MMC materials in heavy vehicles are limited to components identified as critical for either loadings or weight savings. Therefore, the scope of the project was expanded in the following year (June 1, 2004 through May 30, 2005) focused on expanding the lightweight material-structural design concepts for heavy vehicles from the component to the system level. Thus, the following objectives were set: (1) Devise and evaluate lightweight structural configurations for heavy vehicles. (2) Study the feasibility of using Metal Matrix Composites (MMC) for critical structural components and joints in heavy vehicles. (3) Develop analysis tools, methods, and validated test data for comparative assessments of innovative design and joining concepts. (4) Develop analytical models and software for durability predictions of typical heavy vehicle components made of particulate MMC or fiber-reinforced composites. This report summarizes the results of the research work conducted during the past two years in this projects.

  9. A Study on Design Parameters of Stirling Engines for Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ding, G.; Huang, S.; Zhang, C.; Hu, X.; Zhang, X.

    2006-01-01

    One of the most promising projects in the application of combined heat and power(CHP) lies in energy production for buildings. Stirling engines are very applicable to residential buildings, especially because of the higher electricity...

  10. City of Phoenix- Design Standards for City Buildings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The City of Phoenix has had energy standards for public buildings in place since 2005. In June 2005, the Phoenix City Council adopted a policy requiring all new city buildings built with 2006 bond...

  11. Report on High Performance Building's Energy Modeling, Physical Building Information Modeling for Solar Building Design and Simulation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alcocer, J.; Haberl, J. S.

    2012-01-01

    This report was created for the National Science Foundation-Physical Building Information Modeling (NSF-PBIM) project. This report describes the analysis of a solar office building using the following software: the legacy ...

  12. Alloy Design and Thermomechanical Processing of a Beta Titanium Alloy for a Heavy Vehicle Application

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blue, C.A.; Peter, W.H.

    2010-07-02

    With the strength of steel, but at half the weight, titanium has the potential to offer significant benefits in the weight reduction of heavy vehicle components while possibly improving performance. However, the cost of conventional titanium fabrication is a major barrier in implementation. New reduction technologies are now available that have the potential to create a paradigm shift in the way the United States uses titanium, and the economics associated with fabrication of titanium components. This CRADA project evaluated the potential to develop a heavy vehicle component from titanium powders. The project included alloy design, development of manufacturing practices, and modeling the economics associated with the new component. New Beta alloys were designed for this project to provide the required mechanical specifications while utilizing the benefits of the new fabrication approach. Manufacturing procedures were developed specific to the heavy vehicle component. Ageing and thermal treatment optimization was performed to provide the desired microstructures. The CRADA partner established fabrication practices and targeted capital investment required for fabricating the component out of titanium. Though initial results were promising, the full project was not executed due to termination of the effort by the CRADA partner and economic trends observed in the heavy vehicle market.

  13. Smart buildings with electric vehicle interconnection as buffer for local renewables?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2012-01-01

    SVOW), http://der.lbl.gov/microgrids-lbnl/current-project-to commercial building microgrids,“ 2nd European Conference2009, Special Issue on Microgrids and Energy Management,

  14. Design-Build Process for the Research Support Facility (RSF) (Book)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-06-01

    An in-depth look at how the U.S. DOE and NREL used a performance-based design-build contract to build the Research Support Facility (RSF); one of the most energy efficient office buildings in the world.

  15. NIST BUILDING SCIENCE SERIES 180 Database-Assisted Design for Wind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NIST BUILDING SCIENCE SERIES 180 Database-Assisted Design for Wind: Concepts, Software, and Examples for Rigid and Flexible Buildings Joseph A. Main and William P. Fritz #12;Cover Photo: Boundary Layer Wind Tunnel Laboratory, The University of Western Ontario #12;NIST BUILDING SCIENCE SERIES 180

  16. High-Performance Sustainable Building Design for New Construction and Major Renovations

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    New construction and major renovations to existing buildings offer federal agencies opportunities to create sustainable high-performance buildings. High-performance buildings can incorporate energy-efficient designs, sustainable siting and materials, and renewable energy technologies along with other innovative strategies.

  17. Physical Building Information Modeling for Solar Building Design and Simulation- Annual Report 2011 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yan, W.; Haberl, J.; Clayton, M.; Jeong, W.; Kim, J.; Kota, S.; Alcocer, J.; Dixit, M.

    2011-01-01

    This report was created for the National Science Foundation-Physical Building Information Modeling (NSF-PBIM) project. This report describes the analysis of a solar office building using the following software: the legacy ...

  18. A design methodology for hysteretic dampers in buildings under extreme earthquakes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fleming, Cody Harrison

    2004-01-01

    This research proposes a design methodology for hysteretic dampers in buildings under high levels of seismic hazard. Developments in structural materials have led to designs that satisfy strength requirements but are often ...

  19. Improvements to building energy usage modeling during early design stages and retrofits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mandelbaum, Andrew (Andrew Joseph)

    2014-01-01

    A variety of improvements to the MIT Design Advisor, a whole-building energy usage modeling tool intended for use during early design stages, are investigated. These include changes to the thermal mass temperature distribution ...

  20. Constructing Nature's Building Blocks: An Analysis of Computational Protein Design Today

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Constructing Nature's Building Blocks: An Analysis of Computational Protein Design Today by Guha . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Analysis of search algorithms to serve as enzymes. Computational protein design attempts to, given a three dimensional protein structure

  1. Design of a building structural skin using multi-objective optimization techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merello, Riccardo

    2006-01-01

    Multi-disciplinary System Design Optimization was used to design the geometry and to select the materials for the structural facade of a building. A multi-objective optimization model was developed, capable of optimizing ...

  2. Acoustical and Noise Control Criteria and Guidelines for Building Design and Operations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, J. B.; Himmel, C. N.

    2009-01-01

    , which affects building occupants, sensitive installations, and functional uses. Various noise and vibration design criteria, field measurements, design concepts and specifications can be applied in facilities to achieve noise mitigation and vibration...

  3. Design of structurally-sound masonry buildings using 3D static analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whiting, Emily Jing Wei

    2012-01-01

    In the design of buildings, structural analysis is traditionally performed after the aesthetic design has been determined and has little in uence on the overall form. This thesis presents methods to integrate architectural ...

  4. Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: HVAC Design...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    HVAC Design Strategy for a Hot-Humid Production Builder Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: HVAC Design Strategy for a Hot-Humid Production Builder In this...

  5. that minimizes vehicle emissions during design of routes in congested environments with time-dependent travel speeds, hard time windows,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    that minimizes vehicle emissions during design of routes in congested environments with time emissions, and several laboratory and field methods are available for estimating vehicle emissions rates (1 and then begins to increase again (2); hence, the relationship between emission rates and travel speed

  6. Assessment of adsorber bed designs in waste-heat driven adsorption cooling systems for vehicle air conditioning and refrigeration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    ) for vehicle air conditioning and refrigeration (A/C­R) applications. Adsorber beds should be specificallyAssessment of adsorber bed designs in waste-heat driven adsorption cooling systems for vehicle air conditioning and refrigeration Amir Sharafian, Majid Bahrami n Laboratory for Alternative Energy Conversion

  7. Role of Modeling When Designing for Absolute Energy Use Intensity Requirements in a Design-Build Framework: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hirsch, A.; Pless, S.; Guglielmetti, R.; Torcellini, P. A.; Okada, D.; Antia, P.

    2011-03-01

    The Research Support Facility was designed to use half the energy of an equivalent minimally code-compliant building, and to produce as much renewable energy as it consumes on an annual basis. These energy goals and their substantiation through simulation were explicitly included in the project's fixed firm price design-build contract. The energy model had to be continuously updated during the design process and to match the final building as-built to the greatest degree possible. Computer modeling played a key role throughout the design process and in verifying that the contractual energy goals would be met within the specified budget. The main tool was a whole building energy simulation program. Other models were used to provide more detail or to complement the whole building simulation tool. Results from these specialized models were fed back into the main whole building simulation tool to provide the most accurate possible inputs for annual simulations. This paper will detail the models used in the design process and how they informed important program and design decisions on the path from preliminary design to the completed building.

  8. Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Physical Facilities

    2013-11-12

    MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES BUILDING. BUILDING EMERGENCY PLAN. Date Adopted: Sept 20, 2013. Date Revised: Sep 20. 2013. Prepared By: Kelly ...

  9. Technical Support Document: 50% Energy Savings Design Technology Packages for Highway Lodging Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jiang, Wei; Gowri, Krishnan; Lane, Michael D.; Thornton, Brian A.; Rosenberg, Michael I.; Liu, Bing

    2009-09-28

    This Technical Support Document (TSD) describes the process, methodology and assumptions for development of the 50% Energy Savings Design Technology Packages for Highway Lodging Buildings, a design guidance document intended to provide recommendations for achieving 50% energy savings in highway lodging properties over the energy-efficiency levels contained in ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2004, Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings.

  10. Technical Support Document: 50% Energy Savings Design Technology Packages for Medium Office Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thornton, Brian A.; Wang, Weimin; Lane, Michael D.; Rosenberg, Michael I.; Liu, Bing

    2009-09-01

    This Technical Support Document (TSD) describes the process and methodology for development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Medium Offices (AEDG-MO or the Guide), a design guidance document which intends to provide recommendations for achieving 50% energy savings in medium office buildings that just meet the requirements of ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2004, Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings.

  11. Evaluating the Design of an Audit Data Pseudonymizer Using Basic Building Blocks for Anonymity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flegel, Ulrich

    Evaluating the Design of an Audit Data Pseudonymizer Using Basic Building Blocks for Anonymity an audit data pseudonymization system as an example, we show how the APES approach for basic anonymity building blocks can be used to informally evaluate the design of a given anonymity system. As a by

  12. Designs for the manufacture of manipulable plastic DNA/RNA building blocks for learning life science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lemanski, Bethany I

    2013-01-01

    The subject of this thesis is the design of custom injection-molded manipulable DNA building blocks for use in a hands-on life sciences educational kit. The new design of the DNA building blocks is meant to replace the ...

  13. Integrated Building Energy Systems Design Considering Storage Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2009-01-01

    N. et al. , (2007), “Microgrids, An Overview of Ongoingand Operation of Microgrids in Commercial Buildings”, IEEEsuccessful deployment of microgrids will depend heavily on

  14. Building and Home Design Products and Services | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and developers that build ENERGY STAR qualified new homes; lenders that offer energy efficient mortgages; utilities that offer special incentives to buyers, builders and...

  15. Framework for Advance Sustainable Building Design. Smart Micro-Grid Enabled Buildings and Utility-Side of the Meter Energy Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldberg, Bennett

    Framework for Advance Sustainable Building Design. Smart Micro-Grid Enabled Buildings and Utility ·BUILDING ENERGY MODEL · HUMAN IN THE LOOP (Societal Nets) · GFAS ·POWER ELECTRONICS · STORAGE ·RESPONSE and Operation of Smart Micro-Grid-Enabled Buildings and Prototype Two-Layer Implementation. Framework Objectives

  16. Why Do Building Owners Invest in Bicycle-Oriented Design?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Orrick, Phyllis; Trapenberg Frick , Karen; Ragland, Davi

    2011-01-01

    available sources for BOD design elements. RECOMMENDATION Weand best practices of BOD design elements would be useful toelements comprise what we are calling “bicycle-oriented design” (

  17. Seismic design, testing and analysis of reinforced concrete wall buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Panagiotou, Marios

    2008-01-01

    combined elements of structural design, testing andcontrol and design of structural and nonstructural response.for Seismic Design of Structural Walls. ACI Structural

  18. Design for implementation : fully integrated charging & docking infrastructure used in Mobility-on-Demand electric vehicle fleets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Jean Mario Nations

    2012-01-01

    As the technology used in electric vehicles continues to advance, there is an increased demand for urban-appropriate electric charging stations emphasizing a modern user interface, robust design, and reliable functionality. ...

  19. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Overview and Progress of the Battery Testing, Design and Analysis Activity

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by the Department of Energy's Energy Storage area at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about the battery testing, design, and analysis activity.

  20. Simulation as a Tool to Develop Guidelines of Envelope Design of a Typical Office Building in Egypt 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samaan, M.M.; Ahmed, A.N.; Farag, O.M.A.; El-Sayed Khalil, M.

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes the use of building performance simulation software in order to develop guidelines for designing energy-efficient office building. In Egypt energy codes for all building types are being under development. On the other hand...

  1. Energy Use and Design Options for Texas State Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katipamula, S.; O'Neal, D. L.

    1988-01-01

    was the reduction of energy use of all new buildings constructed for state agencies. The first phase of this program was to estimate the energy use of new buildings corresponding to current construction practices in state facilities and to make recommendations...

  2. Development of whole-building energy design targets for commercial buildings: Phase 1, Planning: Volume 2, Technical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crawley, D.B.; Briggs, R.S.; Jones, J.W.; Seaton, W.W.; Kaufman, J.E.; Deringer, J.J.; Kennett, E.W.

    1987-08-01

    This is the second volume of the Phase 1 report and discusses the 10 tasks performed in Phase 1. The objective of this research is to develop a methodology for setting energy design targets to provide voluntary guidelines for the buildings industry. The whole-building energy targets project is being conducted at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) for the US Department of Energy (DOE) to encourage the construction of energy-efficient buildings by informing designers and owners about cost-effective goals for energy use in new commercial buildings. The outcome of this research will be a flexible methodology for setting such targets. The tasks are listed and discussed in this report as follows: Task 1 - Develop Detailed Project Goals and Objectives; Task 2 - Establish Buildings-Industry Liaison; Task 3 - Develop Approaches to the Energy Targets Model, Building Operations, and Climate; Task 4 - Develop an Approach for Treating Economic Considerations; Task 5 - Develop an Approach for Treating Energy Sources; Task 6 - Collect Energy-Use Data; Task 7 - Survey Energy Expert Opinion; Task 8 - Evaluation Procedure Specification and Integration; Task 9 - Phase 1 Report Development; and Task 10 - Phase 1 Review Planning.

  3. Synergy Between Building Rating Systems and Design Methodology for Intelligent and Green Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeiler, W.; Boxem, G.

    2008-01-01

    There is a strong need for more efficient and more sustainable buildings. At present it is difficult to define the performance of buildings in an objective way to efficiency and sustainability. Goal of this project is to examine and to understand...

  4. Smart buildings with electric vehicle interconnection as buffer for local renewables?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stadler, Michael; Cardoso, Goncalo; DeForest, Nicholas; Donadee, Jon; Gomez, Tomaz; Lai, Judy; Marnay, Chris; Megel, Olivier; Mendes, Goncalo; Siddiqui, Afzal

    2011-05-01

    Some conclusions from this presentation are: (1) EV Charging/discharging pattern mainly depends on the objective of the building (cost versus CO{sub 2}); (2) performed optimization runs show that stationary batteries are more attractive than mobile storage when putting more focus on CO{sub 2} emissions because stationary storage is available 24 hours a day for energy management - it's more effective; (3) stationary storage will be charged by PV, mobile only marginally; and (4) results will depend on the considered region and tariff. Final research work will show the results for 138 different buildings in nine different climate zones and three major utility service territories.

  5. Summary - Building C-400 Thermal Treatment Remedial Design Report...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Paducah, KY EM Project: Building C400 Thermal Treatment ETR Report Date: August 2007 ETR-8 United States Department of Energy Office of Environmental Management (DOE-EM) External...

  6. Integrating Acclimated Kinetic Envelopes into Sustainable Building Design 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Jialiang

    2014-05-28

    affects the energy usage of a building. In an effort to simultaneously consider and satisfy all of the various indoor comfort requirements, changing climatic conditions can generate conflicting conditions. Acclimated Kinetic Envelope (AKE) is a notion...

  7. OpenStudio: Building Design Expertise at Your Fingertips

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The newest version of the OpenStudio Application Suite and Development Platform developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory helps architects and engineers model whole-building energy use.

  8. Public Meeting Transcript: Sustainable Design Standards for Federal Buildings

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested PartiesBuildingBudget || Department ofDepartment ofNuclearBuildings

  9. Design of a GaAs/Ge solar array for unmanned aerial vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scheiman, D.A.; Colozza, A.J.; Brinker, D.J.; Bents, D.J.

    1994-12-31

    Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) are being proposed for many applications including surveillance, mapping and atmospheric studies. These applications require a lightweight, low speed, medium to long duration airplane. Due to the weight, speed, and altitude constraints imposed on such aircraft, solar array generated electric power is a viable alternative to air-breathing engines. Development of such aircraft is currently being funded under the Environmental Research Aircraft and Sensor Technology (ERAST) program. NASA Lewis Research Center (LeRC) is currently building a Solar Electric Airplane to demonstrate UAV technology. This aircraft utilizes high efficiency Applied Solar Energy Corporation (ASEC) GaAs/Ge space solar cells. The cells have been provided by the Air Force through the ManTech Office. Expected completion of the plane is early 1995, with the airplane currently undergoing flight testing using battery power.

  10. Design of a GaAs/Ge solar array for unmanned aerial vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scheiman, D.A.; Brinker, D.J.; Bents, D.J.; Colozza, A.J.

    1995-03-01

    Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) are being proposed for many applications including surveillance, mapping and atmospheric studies. These applications require a lightweight, low speed, medium to long duration airplane. Due to the weight, speed, and altitude constraints imposed on such aircraft, solar array generated electric power is a viable alternative to air-breathing engines. Development of such aircraft is currently being funded under the Environmental Research Aircraft and Sensor Technology (ERAST) program. NASA Lewis Research Center (LeRC) is currently building a Solar Electric Airplane to demonstrate UAV technology. This aircraft utilizes high efficiency Applied Solar Energy Corporation (ASEC) GaAs/Ge space solar cells. The cells have been provided by the Air Force through the ManTech Office. Expected completion of the plane is early 1995, with the airplane currently undergoing flight testing using battery power.

  11. Rex 2 : design, construction, and operation of an unmanned underwater vehicle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Owens, Dylan

    2009-01-01

    The practical usage of unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs) is limited by vehicle and operation cost, difficulty in accurate navigation, and communication between the vehicle and operator. The "Rex 2" UUV employs a system ...

  12. Designing and Building Houses that are Solar Ready | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    after initial construction is completed can save time and money by following new house Solar Ready design guidelines. Solar Ready houses are designed and built with integrated...

  13. Building optimization : an integrated approach to the design of tall buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coleman, Keith LaMar

    2007-01-01

    There has been much research done on building optimization that deal with the issues within specific individual fields, such as architecture, structural engineering, and construction engineering. However, in practical ...

  14. PM Motor Parametric Design Analyses for Hybrid Electric Vehicle Traction Drive Application: Interim Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Staunton, R.H.

    2004-08-11

    The Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of FreedomCAR (Cooperative Automotive Research) and Vehicle Technologies has a strong interest in making rapid progress in permanent magnet (PM) machine development. The program is directing various technology development projects that will advance the technology and lead to request for proposals (RFP) for manufacturer prototypes. This aggressive approach is possible because the technology is clearly within reach and the approach is deemed essential, based on strong market demand, escalating fuel prices, and competitive considerations. In response, this study began parallel development paths that included a literature search/review, development and utilization of multiple parametric models to determine the effects of design parameters, verification of the modeling methodology, development of an interior PM (IPM) machine baseline design, development of alternative machine baseline designs, and cost analyses for several candidate machines. This interim progress report summarizes the results of these activities as of June 2004. This report provides background and summary information for recent machine parametric studies and testing programs that demonstrate both the potential capabilities and technical limitations of brushless PM machines (axial gap and radial gap), the IPM machine, the surface-mount PM machines (interior or exterior rotor), induction machines, and switched reluctance machines. The FreedomCAR program, while acknowledging the progress made by Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Delphi, Delco-Remy International, and others in these programs, has redirected efforts toward a ''short path'' to a marketable and competitive PM motor for hybrid electric vehicle traction applications. The program has developed a set of performance targets for the type of traction machine desired. The short-path approach entails a comprehensive design effort focusing on the IPM machine and meeting the performance targets. The selection of the IPM machine reflects industry's confidence in this market-proven design that exhibits a power density surpassed by no other machine design.

  15. The Framework of an Optimization Model for the Thermal Design of Building Envelopes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Homoud, M. S.; Degelman, L. O.; Boyer, L. L.

    1994-01-01

    to the decision making process of building design. In dealing with the building as a thermal system, the proper selection of its components and their relationships can be organized using a systems approach. This can be achieved by coupling an optimization...

  16. Technical Support Document: Development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Small Office Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jarnagin, Ronald E.; Liu, Bing; Winiarski, David W.; McBride, Merle F.; Suharli, L.; Walden, D.

    2006-11-30

    This Technical Support Document (TSD) describes the process and methodology for the development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Small Office Buildings (AEDG-SO), a design guidance document intended to provide recommendations for achieving 30% energy savings in small office buildings over levels contained in ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-1999, Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings. The AEDG-SO is the first in a series of guides being developed by a partnership of organizations, including the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc. (ASHRAE), the American Institute of Architects (AIA), the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA), the New Buildings Institute (NBI), and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Each of the guides in the AEDG series will provide recommendations and user-friendly design assistance to designers, developers and owners of small commercial buildings that will encourage steady progress towards net-zero energy buildings. The guides will provide prescriptive recommendation packages that are capable of reaching the energy savings target for each climate zone in order to ease the burden of the design and construction of energy-efficient small commercial buildings The AEDG-SO was developed by an ASHRAE Special Project committee (SP-102) made up of representatives of each of the partner organizations in eight months. This TSD describes the charge given to the committee in developing the office guide and outlines the schedule of the development effort. The project committee developed two prototype office buildings (5,000 ft2 frame building and 20,000 ft2 two-story mass building) to represent the class of small office buildings and performed an energy simulation scoping study to determine the preliminary levels of efficiency necessary to meet the energy savings target. The simulation approach used by the project committee is documented in this TSD along with the characteristics of the prototype buildings. The prototype buildings were simulated in the same climate zones used by the prevailing energy codes and standards to evaluate energy savings. Prescriptive packages of recommendations presented in the guide by climate zone include enhanced envelope technologies, lighting and day lighting technologies and HVAC and SWH technologies. The report also documents the modeling assumptions used in the simulations for both the baseline and advanced buildings. Final efficiency recommendations for each climate zone are included, along with the results of the energy simulations indicating an average energy savings over all buildings and climates of approximately 38%.

  17. Building a library of eligibility criteria to support design of clinical trials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Harmelen, Frank

    Building a library of eligibility criteria to support design of clinical trials Krystyna Milian1 the design of eligibility criteria, enable the reuse of well-structured criteria and to provide meaningful, Eligibility criteria, Formalization of eligibility criteria, Sup- porting design of eligibility criteria 1

  18. Structure-Based Ligand Design by a Build-Up Approach and Genetic Algorithm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caflisch, Amedeo

    Structure-Based Ligand Design by a Build-Up Approach and Genetic Algorithm Search in Conformational: 1956­1970, 2001 Keywords: ligand docking; structure-based design; genetic algorithm; implicit solvation; peptidomimetics Introduction Computer-aided structure-based ligand design is a multidisciplinary and challenging

  19. Enumerating a Diverse Set of Building Designs Using Discrete Optimization: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hale, E.; Long, N.

    2010-08-01

    Numerical optimization is a powerful method for identifying energy-efficient building designs. Automating the search process facilitates the evaluation of many more options than is possible with one-off parametric simulation runs. However, input data uncertainties and qualitative aspects of building design work against standard optimization formulations that return a single, so-called optimal design. This paper presents a method for harnessing a discrete optimization algorithm to obtain significantly different, economically viable building designs that satisfy an energy efficiency goal. The method is demonstrated using NREL's first-generation building analysis platform, Opt- E-Plus, and two example problems. We discuss the information content of the results, and the computational effort required by the algorithm.

  20. A multiuse building for Vaasa, Finland : a design through change for continuity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harjunpaa, Arto

    1986-01-01

    This design thesis presents an alternative way of introducing a new building into an existing urban setting. The visibility of change through time is one of a city's most valuable assets. However, the sense of continuity ...

  1. HBDR: a case-based tool for organizing architectural information on historic building designs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mulye, Leena

    2002-01-01

    use for the student community. Case-based representation and learning systems can be used to arrange and define the case study information. In this research, I have collected and categorized information about previous historic building designs. As a...

  2. Opportunities and Threats of Green Building Design for ABC Engineers, Kansas City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wikoff, Brandon D.

    2008-12-19

    estate expert, Charles Lockwood. (Yudelson 2008, 27). The ‘Green’ building revolution has presented a unique opportunity for Consulting Engineering firms specializing in mechanical, electrical, and plumbing (MEP) design, such as ABC Engineers, to capture...

  3. A systems approach to conceptual design solutions for a very tall building in Hong Kong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ungerer, Frank Wolfgang, 1969-

    1998-01-01

    The thesis represents a design investigation that seeks to reconsider the high-rise building. With changing uses and technologies, high-rise office towers may have become obsolete. Given the recent capabilities for ...

  4. TTUS FP&C Design & Building Standards Division 14 Conveyance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gelfond, Michael

    but not limited to the following: 1. ASME A17.1 Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators and ASME A17 Lockshop. Comply with applicable building codes and elevator codes at the project site, including.2.1 Inspectors Manual, current adopted edition. 2. NFPA 70 National Electrical Code, current

  5. FireWise Construction: Site Design & Building Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by the ICC and the three statutory members of the International Code Council: Building Officials and Code-Urban Interface Code #12;About the Authors David Bueche, Ph.D., of Lakewood, Colo., works for Hoover Treated Wood code development, serves on the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) and American Society

  6. Building a Better Battery for Vehicles and the Grid | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment|Marketing, LLCEfficiency | Department of EnergyBuilding

  7. Designing in context : a new building for Boston's Beacon Hill

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Donna L

    1982-01-01

    The importance of contextually sensitive design is once again becoming recognized by the architectural profession. A contextual design is based upon an understanding of historical and social factors as well as the physical ...

  8. Seismic design, testing and analysis of reinforced concrete wall buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Panagiotou, Marios

    2008-01-01

    ACI-318, Eurocode 8, which has similar provisions to the New Zealand 3101 concrete design standard,ACI-318, Eurocode 8, which has similar provisions to the New Zealand 3101 Concrete Design Standard

  9. SAFETY GUIDED DESIGN OF CREW RETURN VEHICLE IN CONCEPT DESIGN PHASE USING STAMP/STPA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leveson, Nancy

    safe space systems. During system design, component failure based analyses, such as FTA and FMEA that are not related to component failures using FTA/FMEA, which can lead to inadequate investigation for hazards

  10. Computer Aided Design Tool for Electric, Hybrid Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eskandari Halvaii, Ali

    2012-07-16

    -electric vehicle would start from the vehicle performance criteria and continue by applying them to the physical models of di?erent components of the vehicle. The final result would be strict and precise characteristics of all components in the vehicle...

  11. PM Motor Parametric Design Analyses for a Hybrid Electric Vehicle Traction Drive Application

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Staunton, R.H.

    2004-10-11

    The Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of FreedomCAR (Cooperative Automotive Research) and Vehicle Technologies office has a strong interest in making rapid progress in permanent magnet (PM) machine development. The DOE FreedomCAR program is directing various technology development projects that will advance the technology and hopefully lead to a near-term request for proposals (RFP) for a to-be-determined level of initial production. This aggressive approach is possible because the technology is clearly within reach and the approach is deemed essential, based on strong market demand, escalating fuel prices, and competitive considerations. In response, this study began parallel development paths that included a literature search/review, development and utilization of multiple parametric models, verification of the modeling methodology, development of an interior PM (IPM) machine baseline design, development of alternative machine baseline designs, and cost analyses for several candidate machines. This report summarizes the results of these activities as of September 2004. This report provides background and summary information for recent machine parametric studies and testing programs that demonstrate both the potential capabilities and technical limitations of brushless PM machines (axial gap and radial gap), the IPM machine, the surface-mount PM machines (interior or exterior rotor), induction machines, and switched-reluctance machines. The FreedomCAR program, while acknowledging the progress made by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Delphi, Delco-Remy International, and others in these programs, has redirected efforts toward a ''short path'' to a marketable and competitive PM motor for hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) traction applications. The program has developed a set of performance targets for the type of traction machine desired. The short-path approach entails a comprehensive design effort focusing on the IPM machine and meeting the performance targets. The selection of the IPM machine reflects industry's confidence in this market-proven design that exhibits a high power density.

  12. Using an Energy Performance Based Design-Build Process to Procure a Large Scale Low-Energy Building: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pless, S.; Torcellini, P.; Shelton, D.

    2011-05-01

    This paper will review a procurement, acquisition, and contract process of a large-scale replicable net zero energy (ZEB) office building. The owners developed and implemented an energy performance based design-build process to procure a 220,000 ft2 office building with contractual requirements to meet demand side energy and LEED goals. We will outline the key procurement steps needed to ensure achievement of our energy efficiency and ZEB goals. The development of a clear and comprehensive Request for Proposals (RFP) that includes specific and measurable energy use intensity goals is critical to ensure energy goals are met in a cost effective manner. The RFP includes a contractual requirement to meet an absolute demand side energy use requirement of 25 kBtu/ft2, with specific calculation methods on what loads are included, how to normalize the energy goal based on increased space efficiency and data center allocation, specific plug loads and schedules, and calculation details on how to account for energy used from the campus hot and chilled water supply. Additional advantages of integrating energy requirements into this procurement process include leveraging the voluntary incentive program, which is a financial incentive based on how well the owner feels the design-build team is meeting the RFP goals.

  13. Abstract--In this work is proposed the design of a system to create and handle Electric Vehicles (EV) charging procedures,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    da Silva, Alberto Rodrigues

    Abstract--In this work is proposed the design of a system to create and handle Electric Vehicles network limitation and absence of smart meter devices, Electric Vehicles charging should be performed application to assist the EV driver on these processes. This proposed Smart Electric Vehicle Charging System

  14. Passive solar commercial buildings: design assistance and demonstration program. Phase 1. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1981-01-26

    The final design of the Mount Airy Public Library is given. Incremental passive design costs are discussed. Performance and economic analyses are made and the results reported. The design process is thoroughly documented. Considerations discussed are: (1) building energy needs; (2) site energy potentials, (3) matching energy needs with site energy potentials, (4) design indicators for best strategies and concepts, (5) schematic design alternatives, (6) performance testing of the alternatives, (7) design selection, and (8) design development. Weather data and Duke Power electric rates are included. (LEW)

  15. Abstract--In the design of hybrid vehicles, it is important to identify proper component sizes. When the search space of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peng, Huei

    in this paper. This method is applied to design an input-split hybrid vehicle utilizing a single planetary gear and Toyota Highlander Hybrid, use two planetary gears. There are also hybrid designs in combat vehicles [4-planetary gear configurations are design candidates, we explore the full search space of configuration

  16. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Computational Design and Development of a New, Lightweight Cast Alloy for Advanced Cylinder Heads in High-Efficiency, Light-Duty Engines

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by General Motors at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about computational design and...

  17. Aerodynamic Design Criteria for Class 8 Heavy Vehicles Trailer Base Devices to Attain Optimum Performance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salari, K; Ortega, J

    2010-12-13

    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) as part of its Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), and Vehicle Technologies Program (VTP) effort has investigated class 8 tractor-trailer aerodynamics for many years. This effort has identified many drag producing flow structures around the heavy vehicles and also has designed and tested many new active and passive drag reduction techniques and concepts for significant on the road fuel economy improvements. As part of this effort a database of experimental, computational, and conceptual design for aerodynamic drag reduction devices has been established. The objective of this report is to provide design guidance for trailer base devices to improve their aerodynamic performance. These devices are commonly referred to as boattails, base flaps, tail devices, and etc. The information provided here is based on past research and our most recent full-scale experimental investigations in collaboration with Navistar Inc. Additional supporting data from LLNL/Navistar wind tunnel, track test, and on the road test will be published soon. The trailer base devices can be identified by 4 flat panels that are attached to the rear edges of the trailer base to form a closed cavity. These devices have been engineered in many different forms such as, inflatable and non-inflatable, 3 and 4-sided, closed and open cavity, and etc. The following is an in-depth discussion with some recommendations, based on existing data and current research activities, of changes that could be made to these devices to improve their aerodynamic performance. There are 6 primary factors that could influence the aerodynamic performance of trailer base devices: (1) Deflection angle; (2) Boattail length; (3) Sealing of edges and corners; (4) 3 versus 4-sided, Position of the 4th plate; (5) Boattail vertical extension, Skirt - boattail transition; and (6) Closed versus open cavity.

  18. Whole Building Design Guide Courses | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEtGeorgia: EnergyMaryland:Meadow Lake,Maine: Energy ResourcesWhole Building

  19. Improving Building Design and Operation of a Thai Buddhist Temple 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sreshthaputra, A.; Haberl, J.S.; Andrews, M.J.

    2004-01-01

    -building calculations. Prior to calculating the airflow with CFD, a network airflow model was used in conjunction with ESP-r to calculate the inlet air velocity and temperature, includ- ing the surface heat flux. CFD then used these boundary conditions to calculate... the results are passed on to CFD. This is why the network airflow model was added into the thermal simulation pro- cess. However, it is not necessary for this study because the case-study temple only has one ventilated zone and there is no HVAC system...

  20. Building and Home Design Products and Services | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels DataEnergy Webinar:I DueBETOof Energy Strong,EnergyaBuilding and

  1. Building Design for Moderate Seismic Regions Peter J. Cheever, LeMessurier Consultants, Cambridge, MA, pcheever@lemessurier.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hines, Eric

    Building Design for Moderate Seismic Regions Authors: Peter J. Cheever, LeMessurier Consultants which result in most buildings being designed for Seismic Design Category C, including special seismic detailing consistent with the 1992 AISC Seismic Provisions. Spectral design acceleration values

  2. EUROSTEEL 2011, August 31 -September 2, 2011, Budapest, Hungary CAPACITY DESIGN IN SEISMIC RESISTANT STEEL BUILDINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Jack W.

    EUROSTEEL 2011, August 31 - September 2, 2011, Budapest, Hungary CAPACITY DESIGN IN SEISMIC. In seismic resistant structural steel buildings, so-called "deformation controlled" or "fuse" components are designed to yield and dissipate energy, and in the process to shield other "force controlled" or "non

  3. 1 Design and testing of a control strategy for a large, 2 naturally ventilated office building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linden, Paul F.

    of the building has been designed and tested using a 15 modified version of EnergyPlus. Results from studies with EnergyPlus and com- 16 putational fluid dynamics (CFD) are used in designing the control strategy. Ener weather. The control strategy has 10 window 24 opening modes. EnergyPlus was extended to simulate

  4. DESIGN-BUILD TEAMS AT AEROSPATIALE by Daniel E. Whitney, Liaison Scientist, Manufacturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitney, Daniel

    are made by outside contractors. The French data exchange standard SET (Standard Exchange and TransferDESIGN-BUILD TEAMS AT AEROSPATIALE by Daniel E. Whitney, Liaison Scientist, Manufacturing Summary this problem. History of CAD/CAM at Aerospatiale Computer-Aided Design and Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAD

  5. Building E-education platform for design-oriented learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ning, Hai, 1974-

    2004-01-01

    Design-oriented learning requires tools that support creative processes and student-to-student and student-to-faculty interactions. While most present E-Education systems perform as the asynchronous distribution channel ...

  6. Climatic design in the city : a residential building in Athens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papadimitriou, Panagis A

    1985-01-01

    The scope of this study is to examine the potential limitations and specific methods which can be used in applying climatic design principles in a densely populated urban environment. For illustrative purposes. a typical ...

  7. Opportunities for building design and construction resulting from local resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weathers, Thomas A. (Thomas Anthony)

    2007-01-01

    Current and future generations of architects must learn to operate effectively in an era of unprecedented resource constraints if they want to achieve their design intentions. This thesis addresses the architect's role in ...

  8. Regulation 29: Other Regulations concerning the University site and buildings, Computing Regulations and Miscellaneous Administrative Regulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    Regulation 29: Other Regulations concerning the University site and buildings, Computing Regulations and Miscellaneous Administrative Regulations 190 nuisance to occupants, except in designated (Vehicle Operators and Penalty Notices) Regulations; (iii) allow smoking in designated study bedrooms

  9. Design of a fuzzy controller for energy management of a parallel hybrid electric vehicle 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Estrada Gutierrez, Pedro Cuauhtemoc

    1997-01-01

    devices apply torque directly to the drive shaft for propelling the vehicle. Each component of the hybrid vehicle is modeled, and throttle angle, motor current and brake torque command are chosen as the control inputs. Another input considered...

  10. Design and characterization of Hover Nano Aerial Vehicle (HNAV) propulsion system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sato, Sho, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01

    On October 4th 2005, DARPA released a request for proposals for a Nano-Air Vehicle (NAV) program. The program sought to develop an advanced urban reconnaissance vehicle. According the requirement imposed by DARPA, the NAV ...

  11. SOME ANALYTIC MODELS OF PASSIVE SOLAR BUILDING PERFORMANCE: A THEORETICAL APPROACH TO THE DESIGN OF ENERGY-CONSERVING BUILDINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldstein, David Baird

    2011-01-01

    performance of 5 passive buildings. 3a. See Ref. 3a and thewell-performing passive building requires the use of anwork for unmanaged passive buildings; that is, buildings

  12. Improving Vehicle Fuel Efficiency Through Tire Design, Materials, and Reduced Weight

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

  13. Establishing Thermo-Electric Generator (TEG) Design Targets for Hybrid Vehicles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

  14. Interoperability Building Information Modeling and acoustical analysis software - A demonstration of a performing arts hall design process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Sunyoung; Coffeen, Robert C.; Sanguinetti, Paola

    2013-06-02

    By sharing and managing the database for a building model, Building Information Modeling (BIM) facilitates the design process at less cost. Some of BIM software has capabilities for acoustical analysis, but it is limited to noise level demonstration...

  15. Residential building design : comprehensive comparative guidelines for building single-family dwellings in Hawaii

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagata, Rochelle Morie

    1997-01-01

    Energy shortages, earthquakes, and hurricanes are environmental factors that challenge the home designers of Hawaii. The depletion of renewable natural resources and global warming trends foreshadow energy shortage and the ...

  16. Design of bipolar, flowing-electrolyte zinc-bromine electric-vehicle-battery systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malachesky, P.A.; Bellows, R.J.; Einstein, H.E.; Grimes, P.G.; Newby, K.; Young, A.

    1983-01-01

    The integration of bipolar, flowing electrolyte zinc-bromine technology into a viable electric vehicle battery system requires careful analysis of the requirements placed on the battery system by the EV power train. In addition to the basic requirements of an appropriate battery voltage and power density, overall battery system energy efficiency must also be considered and parasitic losses from auxiliaries such as pumps and shunt current protection minimized. An analysis of the influence of these various factors on zinc-bromine EV battery system design has been carried out for two types of EV propulsion systems. The first of these is a nominal 100V dc system, while the second is a high voltage (200V dc) system as might be used with an advanced design ac propulsion system. Battery performance was calculated using an experimentally determined relationship which expresses battery voltage as a function of current density and state-of-charge. Based on these studies, low profile, 12 dm/sup 2/ bipolar cell components have been developed which are readily incorporated into a variety of motive power and stationary energy storage system designs.

  17. Design of a reconfigurable liquid hydrogen fuel tank for use in the Genii unmanned aerial vehicle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adam, Patrick; Leachman, Jacob

    2014-01-29

    Long endurance flight, on the order of days, is a leading flight performance characteristic for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). Liquid hydrogen (LH2) is well suited to providing multi-day flight times with a specific energy 2.8 times that of conventional kerosene based fuels. However, no such system of LH2 storage, delivery, and use is currently available for commercial UAVs. In this paper, we develop a light weight LH2 dewar for integration and testing in the proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell powered, student designed and constructed, Genii UAV. The fuel tank design is general for scaling to suit various UAV platforms. A cylindrical vacuum-jacketed design with removable end caps was chosen to incorporate various fuel level gauging, pressurizing, and slosh mitigation systems. Heat and mechanical loadings were modeled to compare with experimental results. Mass performance of the fuel tank is characterized by the fraction of liquid hydrogen to full tank mass, and the insulation performance was characterized by effective thermal conductivity and boil-off rate.

  18. The added economic and environmental value of plug-in electric vehicles connected to commercial building microgrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2010-01-01

    source or CHP system at the office building could be used toand CHP technologies installed in the office building areCHP during the morning or early afternoon and send it back to the office building

  19. Building

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    DIV. Electricity Consumption and Expenditure Intensities by Census Division, 1999" ,"Electricity Consumption",,,"Electricity Expenditures" ,"per Building (thousand kWh)","per...

  20. BaaS Project: Covering the Building Design and Operational-Phase Interoperability Gap 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valmaseda, C.; Garcia, M.; Hernandez, J.; Martin, S.

    2012-01-01

    ?modelling?and?simulation?for?energy?performance? estimation?and?control?design. SO2:?Integrated?Automation?and?Control?Services. TO1: Data?Management:?Working?on?existing?initiatives?and?ongoing projects?results,?integrating?State?of?the?Art?of?extended?BIM,?EEB? Ontologies?and?Standards. TO2:?System?Integration...?the?profit?margin?of?the? end?user?(ESCO) 3.1 Rates to estimate consumes & other variables (Energy, Economy) X X X X X X 4 Different?Building?Management? System?in?each?building?and?across? buildings 4.1 Management integration system and adjusted optimization logic...

  1. The added economic and environmental value of plug-in electric vehicles connected to commercial building microgrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2010-01-01

    N. et al. , (2007), “Microgrids, An Overview of Ongoingto commercial building microgrids Michael Stadler, Ilanto commercial building microgrids 1 Michael Stadler a,b) ,

  2. Optimal Design of a High-Speed On/Off Valve for a Hydraulic Hybrid Vehicle Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Perry Y.

    Optimal Design of a High-Speed On/Off Valve for a Hydraulic Hybrid Vehicle Application Michael of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA ABSTRACT Control of hydraulic systems using high-speed on/off valves has been proposed as a way to avoid the inefficiency associated with throttling valves. However, on

  3. The Household Market for Electric Vehicles: Testing the Hybrid Household Hypothesis--A Reflively Designed Survey of New-car-buying, Multi-vehicle California Households

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turrentine, Thomas; Kurani, Kenneth

    1995-01-01

    a sidebar to a longer article on electric vehicles. ) Cogan,R. Electric vehicles: Powerplay on the auto circuit. MotorA Critical Review of Electric Vehicle Market Studies",

  4. The Household Market for Electric Vehicles: Testing the Hybrid Household Hypothesis -- A Reflexively Designed Survey of New-Car-Buying Multi-Vehicle California Households

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turrentine, Thomas; Kurani, Kenneth S.

    2001-01-01

    and the demand electric vehicles", Transportation ResearchA,Critical Review Electric Vehicle MarketStudies", ReleasableR. (1993) Report of the Electric Vehicle at-HomeRefi~ehng

  5. Integrated Building Energy Systems Design Considering Storage Technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stadler, Michael; Marnay, Chris; Siddiqui, Afzal; Lai, Judy; Aki, Hirohisa

    2009-04-07

    The addition of storage technologies such as flow batteries, conventional batteries, and heat storage can improve the economic, as well as environmental attraction of micro-generation systems (e.g., PV or fuel cells with or without CHP) and contribute to enhanced demand response. The interactions among PV, solar thermal, and storage systems can be complex, depending on the tariff structure, load profile, etc. In order to examine the impact of storage technologies on demand response and CO2 emissions, a microgrid's distributed energy resources (DER) adoption problem is formulated as a mixed-integer linear program that can pursue two strategies as its objective function. These two strategies are minimization of its annual energy costs or of its CO2 emissions. The problem is solved for a given test year at representative customer sites, e.g., nursing homes, to obtain not only the optimal investment portfolio, but also the optimal hourly operating schedules for the selected technologies. This paper focuses on analysis of storage technologies in micro-generation optimization on a building level, with example applications in New York State and California. It shows results from a two-year research projectperformed for the U.S. Department of Energy and ongoing work. Contrary to established expectations, our results indicate that PV and electric storage adoption compete rather than supplement each other considering the tariff structure and costs of electricity supply. The work shows that high electricity tariffs during on-peak hours are a significant driver for the adoption of electric storage technologies. To satisfy the site's objective of minimizing energy costs, the batteries have to be charged by grid power during off-peak hours instead of PV during on-peak hours. In contrast, we also show a CO2 minimization strategy where the common assumption that batteries can be charged by PV can be fulfilled at extraordinarily high energy costs for the site.

  6. NREL's OpenStudio Helps Design More Efficient Buildings (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-07-01

    The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has created the OpenStudio software platform that makes it easier for architects and engineers to evaluate building energy efficiency measures throughout the design process. OpenStudio makes energy modeling more accessible and affordable, helping professionals to design structures with lower utility bills and less carbon emissions, resulting in a healthier environment. OpenStudio includes a user-friendly application suite that makes the U.S. Department of Energy's EnergyPlus and Radiance simulation engines easier to use for whole building energy and daylighting performance analysis. OpenStudio is freely available and runs on Windows, Mac, and Linux operating systems.

  7. Design and Build- Cost-Effective Energy Conservation: An Opportunity for the Competitive Market 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGeown, D. I.

    1995-01-01

    - COST-EFFECTIVE ENERGY CONSERVATION An Opportunity for the Competitive Market by: David l. McGeown, P.E, C. Eng. ABSTRACT This paper e>''Pands on concepts presented at the World Energy Congress and DAIDSM earlier this year. In the light of recent... that an adaptation of the design and build method of construction offers many of the answers needed for cost effective implementation. The Design & Build contract has most of the key features needed in an energy conservation project. It is a proven method...

  8. Tools for Designing Thermal Management of Batteries in Electric Drive Vehicles (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pesaran, A.; Keyser, M.; Kim, G. H.; Santhanagopalan, S.; Smith, K.

    2013-02-01

    Temperature has a significant impact on life, performance, and safety of lithium-ion battery technology, which is expected to be the energy storage of choice for electric drive vehicles (xEVs). High temperatures degrade Li-ion cells faster while low temperatures reduce power and energy capabilities that could have cost, reliability, range, or drivability implications. Thermal management of battery packs in xEVs is essential to keep the cells in the desired temperature range and also reduce cell-to-cell temperature variations, both of which impact life and performance. The value that the battery thermal management system provides in reducing battery life and improving performance outweighs its additional cost and complexity. Tools that are essential for thermal management of batteries are infrared thermal imaging, isothermal calorimetry, thermal conductivity meter and computer-aided thermal analysis design software. This presentation provides details of these tools that NREL has used and we believe are needed to design right-sized battery thermal management systems.

  9. Plug-in Electric Vehicle Interactions with a Small Office Building: An Economic Analysis using DER-CAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Momber, Ilan

    2010-01-01

    differences between TOU energy prices, elevated demandtheir vehicles when energy prices are low. Furthermore,the reference for the energy price would be the wholesale

  10. Plug-in Electric Vehicle Interactions with a Small Office Building: An Economic Analysis using DER-CAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Momber, Ilan

    2010-01-01

    their vehicles when energy prices are low. Furthermore,the reference for the energy price would be the wholesaletariff. The hourly energy price is the economic signal that

  11. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: High-Temperature Air-Cooled Power Electronics Thermal Design

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by National Renewable Energy Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about high...

  12. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Design and Synthesis of Advanced High-Energy Cathode Materials

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Presentation given by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about the...

  13. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Advanced Packaging Technologies and Designs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Oak Ridge National Laboratory at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about advanced...

  14. Technical Support Document: The Development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Highway Lodging Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jiang, Wei; Jarnagin, Ronald E.; Gowri, Krishnan; McBride, M.; Liu, Bing

    2008-09-30

    This Technical Support Document (TSD) describes the process and methodology for development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Highway Lodgings (AEDG-HL or the Guide), a design guidance document intended to provide recommendations for achieving 30% energy savings in highway lodging properties over levels contained in ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-1999, Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings. The AEDG-HL is the fifth in a series of guides being developed by a partnership of organizations, including the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc. (ASHRAE), the American Institute of Architects (AIA), the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA), the United States Green Buildings Council (USGBC), and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).

  15. Using existing technologies, designers and operators of large buildings could slash national energy use across a broad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Using existing technologies, designers and operators of large buildings could slash national energy of large office buildings and hospitals achieve at least a 50% energy savings using existing technology. Strategies for 50% Energy Savings in Large Office Buildings found that a 50% energy savings can be realized

  16. IMPACT OF THE CLIMATE ON THE DESIGN OF LOW-ENERGY BUILDINGS FOR AUSTRALIA AND REUNION ISLAND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    IMPACT OF THE CLIMATE ON THE DESIGN OF LOW-ENERGY BUILDINGS FOR AUSTRALIA AND REUNION ISLAND B of low energy building. This approach is to perform a real evaluation of the sensation of thermal comfort. This article discusses the comparison of the thermal comfort levels obtained in the same building located

  17. Category theory based solution for the building block replacement problem in materials design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spivak, David

    1 Category theory based solution for the building block replacement problem in materials design blocks, theory, modeling, mathematics, hierarchical materials Submitted to: Advanced Engineering be replaced by other molecular structures, such as weak van der Waals or hydrogen bonds, without compromising

  18. Project REED (Residential Energy Efficiency Design) is a Web-based building performance simulation tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ABSTRACT Project REED (Residential Energy Efficiency Design) is a Web-based building performance or kilowatts of elec- tricity. Their bottom line is money. REED is an easy-to-use, ratepayer-friendly web system. The simulation engine behind this new web site is SO- LAR-5, one of the nations most widely used

  19. Heat Transfer in Buildings: Application to Solar Air Collector and Trombe Wall Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    11 Heat Transfer in Buildings: Application to Solar Air Collector and Trombe Wall Design H. Boyer applications are finally discussed. One concerns the modeling of a flat plate air collector and the second focuses on the modeling of Trombe solar walls. In each case, detailed modeling of heat transfer allows

  20. Evaluating Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) as Modifying Factor in Designing Public School Buildings in Jordan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, H. H.; Al-Momani, H.

    2004-01-01

    Air Quality (IAQ) as Modifying Factor in Designing Public School Buildings in Jordan Hikmat H. Ali, Ph.D. Hind Al...-Momani Department of Architecture Jordan University of Science and Technology Irbid-Jordan Hikmat_ali@yahoo.com Hikmat@just.edu.jo Phone (962) 2-7201000 Fax (962...

  1. Optimal Contract Design for Ancillary Services in Vehicle-to-Grid Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, K. J. Ray

    in the US [3]. Alternatively, in V2G networks, these services can be done by charging (or discharging) EVs--With the foreseeable large scale deployment of elec- tric vehicles (EVs) and the development of vehicle-to-grid (V2G.e., through the bidirectional power flow of EVs. A key issue in such kind of schemes is how to stimulate

  2. Infrastructure as a vehicle for community building : an urban design strategy for Iztapalapa, Mexico City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beane, George H. (George Holton)

    2015-01-01

    Mexico City suffers from flooding, water scarcity, pollution, subsidence and enormous financial costs related to water infrastructure. Poor governance contributes to the city's water troubles by creating overlapping political ...

  3. Maere, P. C., Clare, A. S., Cummings, M. L., "Assessing Operator Strategies for Adjusting Replan Alerts in Controlling Multiple Unmanned Vehicles," 11th IFAC/IFIP/IFORS/IEA Symposium on Analysis, Design, and Evaluation of Human-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, Mary "Missy"

    Alerts in Controlling Multiple Unmanned Vehicles," 11th IFAC/IFIP/IFORS/IEA Symposium on Analysis, Design

  4. Designing an Urban Food-Vending Stand Objective: Design and build a prototype for an urban food-vending stand that

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolberg, George

    for flowers and newspapers/magazines). It will be an exploration of how energy efficiency relates to the formDesigning an Urban Food-Vending Stand Objective: Design and build a prototype for an urban food, e.g., super-insulated building envelopes, and renewable energy systems. And it applies analytical

  5. Quantifying the benefits of hybrid vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turrentine, Tom; Delucchi, Mark; Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Kenneth S; Sun, Yongling

    2006-01-01

    century. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) reduce emissionsas plug-in HEVs and full electric vehicles to market. In theon their design, hybrid electric vehicles employ electric

  6. Integrated canopy, building energy and radiosity model for 3D urban design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burdet, Etienne; Morand, Denis; Diab, Youssef

    2014-01-01

    We present an integrated, three dimensional, model of urban canopy, building energy and radiosity, for early stage urban designs and test it on four urban morphologies. All sub-models share a common descriptions of the urban morphology, similar to 3D urban design master plans and have simple parameters. The canopy model is a multilayer model, with a new discrete layer approach that does not rely on simplified geometry such as canyon or regular arrays. The building energy model is a simplified RC equivalent model, with no hypotheses on internal zoning or wall composition. We use the CitySim software for the radiosity model. We study the effects of convexity, the number of buildings and building height, at constant density and thermal characteristics. Our results suggest that careful three dimensional morphology design can reduce heat demand by a factor of 2, especially by improving insolation of lower levels. The most energy efficient morphology in our simulations has both the highest surface/volume ratio and ...

  7. Leveraging Health Data to Enhance Place-Based Resiliance in Green Building Design 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houghton, A.

    2013-01-01

    -12-10 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 Green Building & Climate Change Vulnerability Credit Groupings Passive Survivability Flooding Heat Reduce Exposure © 2013 Biositu, LLC ESL-KT-13-12-10 CATEE... to Enhance Place-Based Resilience in Green Building Designs Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency (CATEE) Conference December 17, 2013 ADELE HOUGHTON, AIA; MPH; LEED AP BD+C, O+M, ND President, Biositu, LLC ESL-KT-13-12-10 CATEE 2013: Clean Air...

  8. Underfloor air distribution systems: Benefits and when to use the system in building design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCarry, B.T. [Keen Engineering Co., Ltd., Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada)

    1995-12-31

    Underfloor air distribution systems are a viable option for mechanical system building design. They are comprised of raised floor panels with a supply air plenum in the void between the raised floor and the concrete structure. Supply air grilles are flush mounted to the floor to create a flat floor and walking surface. The engineering challenge is to determine when to use underfloor air distribution systems and how to effectively apply them. The best places to use this system are in owner-occupied buildings with a high churn rate and/or frequent technology changes. The benefits of this system include fresh air at the level where building occupants are located, forgiveness for variations in internal cooling loads, easy relocation of the supply air grilles to suit revised layouts, a reduction in energy costs for the mechanical system, and an improvement in indoor air quality.

  9. Integration of Low Energy Technologies for Optimal Building and Space Conditioning Design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D.E. Fisher

    2006-01-07

    EnergyPlus is the DOE's newest building energy simulation engine. It was developed specifically to support the design of low energy building systems. This project focused on developing new low energy building simulation models for EnergyPlus, verifying and validating new and existing EnergyPlus models and transferring the new technology to the private sector. The project focused primarily on geothermal and radiant technologies, which are related by the fact that both are based on hydronic system design. As a result of this project eight peer reviewed journal and conference papers were added to the archival literature and five technical reports were published as M.S. theses and are available in the archival literature. In addition, several reports, including a trombe wall validation report were written for web publication. Thirteen new or significantly enhanced modules were added to the EnergyPlus source code and forty-two new or significantly enhanced sections were added to the EnergyPlus documentation as a result of this work. A low energy design guide was also developed as a pedagogical tool and is available for web publication. Finally several tools including a hybrid ground source heat pump optimization program and a geothermal heat pump parameter estimation tool were developed for research and design and are available for web publication.

  10. A Development of Design and Control Methodology for Next Generation Parallel Hybrid Electric Vehicle 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lai, Lin

    2013-01-28

    as the conventional vehicle, and hybridizes with an electrical drive in parallel to improve the fuel economy and performance beyond the conventional cars. By analyzing the HEV fuel economy versus the increasing of the electrical drive power on typical driving...

  11. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Improve Fuel Economy through Formulation Design and Modeling

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Ashland Inc. at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and vehicle technologies office annual merit review and peer evaluation meeting about improve fuel economy through...

  12. Design of a spherical vehicle with flywheel momentum storage for high torque capabilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schroll, Gregory C. (Gregory Cordner)

    2008-01-01

    A novel method for supplementing the propulsion of a spherical ground vehicle was conceived and developed. The addition of angular momentum storage via counter-rotating control moment gyroscopes is proposed in order to ...

  13. Modeling design changes in vehicle assembly systems : platform transition strategies and manufacturing flexibility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wüstemeyer, Christoph

    2014-01-01

    Driven by rising environmental and geopolitical concerns, regulations have been put in place over the last decade to compel car makers to lower the CO2 emissions of their cars. Due to these increasingly stringent vehicle ...

  14. Finding Computationally Inexpensive Methods to Model the Flow Past Heavy Vehicles and the Design of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jameson, Antony

    save 3.2 billion gallons of diesel per year and prevent 28 million tons of CO2 emissions.3 increases the pressure inside the wake and reduces the overall vehicle drag. Wind tunnel experiments using

  15. Design of an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) charging system for underway, underwater recharging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ewachiw, Mark Alexander, Jr

    2014-01-01

    Modern robotics have enabled the rapid proliferation of Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) throughout the marine environment. As autonomy algorithms increase in robustness, complexity, and reliability, so too does the ...

  16. Design of an adaptive 3-dimensional display enabled by a swarm of autonomous micro air vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mueller, Erich, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01

    This thesis is motivated by the concept of a system consisting of a swarm of small, automatically controlled air vehicles, each carrying a colour-controlled light source (payload), capable of executing coordinated maneouvres ...

  17. Design of a Surrogate Vehicle to Test Low Speed Protective Devices 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lisk, Michael W

    2015-06-03

    Over the past few years, the public has become more aware of the number of accidents involving storefronts and pedestrians. To counteract this, protective devices are being installed to prevent errant vehicles from impacting these objects...

  18. Development and validation of a conceptual design program for unmanned underwater vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laun, Alexander Walter, Ensign

    2013-01-01

    With a renewed focus on the Asia-Pacific region, the United States Navy will increasingly rely on high-endurance unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs) to support successful operations in a challenging threat environment. ...

  19. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Development of Computer-Aided Design Tools for Automotive Batteries

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by General Motors at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about development of computer-aided...

  20. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Development of Computer-Aided Design Tools for Automotive Batteries

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by General Motors at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about development of computer-aided...

  1. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Development of Computer-Aided Design Tools for Automotive Batteries

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by CD-Adapco at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about development of computer-aided...

  2. System design of an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) for marine environmental sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leighton, Joshua (Joshua C.)

    2013-01-01

    Technological improvements over the past decade have led to the widespread use of autonomous surface and underwater vehicles for data collection in marine environmental sensing and modeling in coastal environments. However, ...

  3. Plug-in Electric Vehicle Interactions with a Small Office Building: An Economic Analysis using DER-CAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Momber, Ilan

    2010-01-01

    and P. Chapman, “Using Microgrids as a Path Towards Smartof Commercial Building Microgrids,” IEEE Transactions onsources and sinks, or microgrids. In prior research, many

  4. Plug-in Electric Vehicle Interactions with a Small Office Building: An Economic Analysis using DER-CAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Momber, Ilan

    2010-01-01

    workdays. Index Terms-- battery storage, building managementvehicle battery packs for grid storage,” J. of Powerstorage but not to consume any net energy from the battery.

  5. The Household Market for Electric Vehicles: Testing the Hybrid Household Hypothesis--A Reflively Designed Survey of New-car-buying, Multi-vehicle California Households

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turrentine, Thomas; Kurani, Kenneth

    1995-01-01

    companies claim that electric vehicles will be priced at much more than gasolinecompanies claim that electric vehicles will be priced at much more than the $4,000 price differential between gasoline andcompanies have argued that their research shows that electric vehicles are going to cost more than comparable gasoline

  6. SOME ANALYTIC MODELS OF PASSIVE SOLAR BUILDING PERFORMANCE: A THEORETICAL APPROACH TO THE DESIGN OF ENERGY-CONSERVING BUILDINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldstein, David Baird

    2011-01-01

    widespread application of passive solar designs. To design a°F). OVERALL SUMMARY Passive solar design is one of severalfor a typical passive solar design, rendering this solution

  7. Design and Operation of an Open, Interoperable Automated Demand Response Infrastructure for Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piette, Mary Ann

    2010-01-01

    such as CEC, EPRI, Building Automation Control Network (is the lack of automation of building systems. Most DRresponse, automation, commercial, industrial buildings, peak

  8. Mission design and trajectory analysis for inspection of a host spacecraft by a microsatellite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Susan C. (Susan Cecilia)

    2006-01-01

    The trajectory analysis and mission design for inspection of a host spacecraft by a microsatellite is motivated by the current developments in designing and building prototypes of a microsatellite inspector vehicle. Two ...

  9. Introduction to Cost Control Strategies for Zero Energy Buildings: High-Performance Design and Construction on a Budget (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-09-01

    Momentum behind zero energy building design and construction is increasing, presenting a tremendous opportunity for advancing energy performance in the commercial building industry. At the same time, there is a lingering perception that zero energy buildings must be cost prohibitive or limited to showcase projects. Fortunately, an increasing number of projects are demonstrating that high performance can be achieved within typical budgets. This factsheet highlights replicable, recommended strategies for achieving high performance on a budget, based on experiences from past projects.

  10. The added economic and environmental value of plug-in electric vehicles connected to commercial building microgrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2010-01-01

    building has a peak electricity demand of 373 kW, and yearlyWinter (Nov. – Apr. ) )Electricity electricity demandelectricity demand (US$/kWh) (US$/kW) (US$/kWh) (US $/kW)

  11. The added economic and environmental value of plug-in electric vehicles connected to commercial building microgrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2010-01-01

    could be used to offset EV charging at home. It is assumedcan be expected by charging EV batteries at home during theoffice building EV battery charging efficiency EV battery

  12. Technology Solutions Case Study: Calculating Design Heating Loads for Superinsulated Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-08-01

    Designing a superinsulated home has many benefits including improved comfort, reduced exterior noise penetration, lower energy bills, and the ability to withstand power and fuel outages under much more comfortable conditions than a typical home. Extremely low heating and cooling loads equate to much smaller HVAC equipment than conventionally required. Sizing the mechanical system to these much lower loads reduces first costs and the size of the distribution system needed. While these homes aren't necessarily constructed with excessive mass in the form of concrete floors and walls, the amount of insulation and the increase in the thickness of the building envelope can lead to a mass effect, resulting in the structures ability to store much more heat than a code built home. This results in a very low thermal inertia making the building much less sensitive to drastic temperature swings thereby decreasing the peak heating load demand. Alternative methods that take this inertia into account along with solar and internal gains result in smaller more appropriate design loads than those calculated using Manual J version 8. During the winter of 2013/2014, the Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings team monitored the energy use of three homes in climate zone 6 in an attempt to evaluate the accuracy of two different mechanical system sizing methods for low load homes. Based on the results, it is recommended that internal and solar gains be included and some credit for thermal inertia be used in sizing calculations for superinsulated homes.

  13. ISES'99, International Solar Energy Society, Jrusalem, ISRAEL, Juin 1999 BUILDING DESIGN IN TROPICAL CLIMATES. ELABORATION OF THE ECODOM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ISES'99, International Solar Energy Society, Jérusalem, ISRAEL, Juin 1999 BUILDING DESIGN of global quality standards for natural and low energy cooling in french tropical island buildings. Electric@univ-reunion.fr Robert Celaire Concept Energie, 1 rue Mirabeau, Lambesc,13410, France, (+33) 04 42 92 84 19, (+33) 04 42

  14. Design and Implementation of a Hybrid Energy Supply System for Railway Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elsässer, Robert

    of Paderborn, Germany Abstract- An energy supply system based on a hybrid energy storage unit combined technologies make these devices effectively to be employed as energy storage element in electric vehicles and ultracapacitor High energy density batteries are usually applied as the primary energy storage component

  15. End-to-end interoperability and workflows from building architecture design to one or more simulations

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chao, Tian-Jy; Kim, Younghun

    2015-02-10

    An end-to-end interoperability and workflows from building architecture design to one or more simulations, in one aspect, may comprise establishing a BIM enablement platform architecture. A data model defines data entities and entity relationships for enabling the interoperability and workflows. A data definition language may be implemented that defines and creates a table schema of a database associated with the data model. Data management services and/or application programming interfaces may be implemented for interacting with the data model. Web services may also be provided for interacting with the data model via the Web. A user interface may be implemented that communicates with users and uses the BIM enablement platform architecture, the data model, the data definition language, data management services and application programming interfaces to provide functions to the users to perform work related to building information management.

  16. Designing Zero Energy Building for TehranB37B36:B44M35B36 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mirkhani, N.; Sadoughi, S.; Eshraghi, J.; Narjabadi, N.; Nakhaei, A.

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, design of a zero energy building (ZEB), a case study for Tehran, in a moderately warm climate, for a typical single family has been introduced. It is important to develop solar energy resource potential in ...

  17. Energy Use Intensity and its Influence on the Integrated Daylighting Design of a Large Net Zero Energy Building: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guglielmetti , R.; Scheib, J.; Pless, S. D.; Torcellini , P.; Petro, R.

    2011-03-01

    Net-zero energy buildings generate as much energy as they consume and are significant in the sustainable future of building design and construction. The role of daylighting (and its simulation) in the design process becomes critical. In this paper we present the process the National Renewable Energy Laboratory embarked on in the procurement, design, and construction of its newest building, the Research Support Facility (RSF) - particularly the roles of daylighting, electric lighting, and simulation. With a rapid construction schedule, the procurement, design, and construction had to be tightly integrated; with low energy use. We outline the process and measures required to manage a building design that could expect to operate at an efficiency previously unheard of for a building of this type, size, and density. Rigorous simulation of the daylighting and the electric lighting control response was a given, but the oft-ignored disconnect between lighting simulation and whole-building energy use simulation had to be addressed. The RSF project will be thoroughly evaluated for its performance for one year; preliminary data from the postoccupancy monitoring efforts will also be presented with an eye toward the current efficacy of building energy and lighting simulation.

  18. Technical Support Document: Development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Medium to Big Box Retail Buildings - 50% Energy Savings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bonnema, Eric; Leach, Matt; Pless, Shanti

    2013-06-05

    This Technical Support Document describes the process and methodology for the development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Medium to Big Box Retail Buildings: Achieving 50% Energy Savings Toward a Net Zero Energy Building (AEDG-MBBR) ASHRAE et al. (2011b). The AEDG-MBBR is intended to provide recommendations for achieving 50% whole-building energy savings in retail stores over levels achieved by following ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2004, Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings (Standard 90.1-2004) (ASHRAE 2004b). The AEDG-MBBR was developed in collaboration with the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), the American Institute of Architects (AIA), the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IES), the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC), and the U.S. Department of Energy.

  19. Technical Support Document: Development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Medium to Big Box Retail Buildings - 50% Energy Savings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bonnema, E.; Leach, M.; Pless, S.

    2013-06-01

    This Technical Support Document describes the process and methodology for the development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Medium to Big Box Retail Buildings: Achieving 50% Energy Savings Toward a Net Zero Energy Building (AEDG-MBBR) ASHRAE et al. (2011b). The AEDG-MBBR is intended to provide recommendations for achieving 50% whole-building energy savings in retail stores over levels achieved by following ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2004, Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings (Standard 90.1-2004) (ASHRAE 2004b). The AEDG-MBBR was developed in collaboration with the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), the American Institute of Architects (AIA), the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IES), the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC), and the U.S. Department of Energy.

  20. A Multi-Year Program Plan for the Aerodynamic Design of Heavy Vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2001-09-01

    The project tasks and deliverables are as follows: Computations and Experiments--(1) Simulation and analysis of a range of generic shapes, simplified to more complex, representative of tractor and integrated tractor-trailer flow characteristics using computational tools, (2) The establishment of an experimental data base for tractor-trailer models for code/computational method development and validation. The first shapes to be considered will be directed towards the investigation of tractor-trailer gaps and mismatch of tractor-trailer heights. (3) The evaluation and documentation of effective computational approaches for application to heavy vehicle aerodynamics based on the benchmark results with existing and advanced computational tools compared to experimental data, and (4) Computational tools and experimental methods for use by industry, National Laboratories, and universities for the aerodynamic modeling of heavy truck vehicles. Evaluation of current and new technologies--(1) The evaluation and documentation of current and new technologies for drag reduction based on published literature and continued communication with the heavy vehicle industry (e.g., identification and prioritization of tractor-trailer drag-sources, blowing and/or suction devices, body shaping, new experimental methods or facilities), and the identification and analysis of tractor and integrated tractor-trailer aerodynamic problem areas and possible solution strategies. (2) Continued industrial site visits. It should be noted that ''CFD tools'' are not only the actual computer codes, but descriptions of appropriate numerical solution methods. Part of the project effort will be to determine the restrictions or avenues for technology transfer.

  1. Bringing simulation to implementation: Presentation of a global approach in the design of passive solar buildings under humid tropical climates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garde, François; Celaire, Robert

    2012-01-01

    In early 1995, a DSM pilot initiative has been launched in the French islands of Guadeloupe and Reunion through a partnership between several public and private partners (the French Public Utility EDF, the University of Reunion Island, low cost housing companies, architects, energy consultants, etc...) to set up standards to improve thermal design of new residential buildings in tropical climates. This partnership led to defining optimized bio-climatic urban planning and architectural designs featuring the use of passive cooling architectural principles (solar shading, natural ventilation) and components, as well as energy efficient systems and technologies. The design and sizing of each architectural component on internal thermal comfort in building has been assessed with a validated thermal and airflow building simulation software (CODYRUN). These technical specifications have been edited in a reference document which has been used to build over 300 new pilot dwellings through the years 1996-1998 in Reunion...

  2. Abstract--Current building designs are not energy-efficient enough due to many reasons. One of them is the centralized

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jain, Raj

    1 Abstract--Current building designs are not energy-efficient enough due to many reasons. One Building, Energy Efficiency, Energy Policy, Distributed Policy Control, Smart Energy I. INTRODUCTION the energy efficiency in the buildings besides finding new clean-energy sources. Most of the buildings

  3. Extremely Low-Energy Design for Army Buildings: Tactical Equipment Maintenance Facility; Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Langner, R.; Deru, M.; Zhivov, A.; Liesen, R.; Herron, D.

    2012-03-01

    This paper describes the integrated energy optimization process for buildings and building clusters and demonstrates this process for new construction projects and building retrofits. An explanation is given of how mission critical building loads affect possible site and source energy use reduction in Army buildings.

  4. Barlow, Gregory John. Design of Autonomous Navigation Controllers for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Using Multi-objective Genetic Programming. (under the direction of Edward Grant.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    Vehicles Using Multi-objective Genetic Programming. (under the direction of Edward Grant.) Unmanned aerial them to fly real UAVs. #12;DESIGN OF AUTONOMOUS NAVIGATION CONTROLLERS FOR UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLESAbstract Barlow, Gregory John. Design of Autonomous Navigation Controllers for Unmanned Aerial

  5. Design Build: Should the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers-Kansas City District Continue to Use this Form of Project Delivery Method?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo H.

    2008-05-16

    Design Build (DB) is a system in which the contractor is solely responsible for the design and construction of the project. The DB system differs from the Design, Bid, Build, (DBB) system in which the owner contracts with a design professional...

  6. System design and dynamic signature identification for intelligent energy management in residential buildings.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jang, Jaehwi

    2008-01-01

    Drewer and D. Gann, Smart buildings, Journal of Facilities ,smart energy management system specically for residential buildings.buildings is rooted in relative eectiveness per system by a smart

  7. Miniapplications: Vehicles for Co-design. (Conference) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfate Reducing(JournalspectroscopyReport) |(Patent)Inter-NucleonMiniapplications: Vehicles for

  8. Improving efficiency of a vehicle HVAC system with comfort modeling, zonal design, and thermoelectric devices

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Discusses progress on thermal comfort modeling and detailed design, fabrication, and component/system-level testing of TE architecture

  9. System Design of a Natural Gas PEM Fuel Cell Power Plant for Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joe Ferrall, Tim Rehg, Vesna Stanic

    2000-09-30

    The following conclusions are made based on this analysis effort: (1) High-temperature PEM data are not available; (2) Stack development effort for Phase II is required; (3) System results are by definition preliminary, mostly due to the immaturity of the high-temperature stack; other components of the system are relatively well defined; (4) The Grotthuss conduction mechanism yields the preferred system characteristics; the Grotthuss conduction mechanism is also much less technically mature than the vehicle mechanism; (5) Fuel processor technology is available today and can be procured for Phase II (steam or ATR); (6) The immaturity of high-temperature membrane technology requires that a robust system design be developed in Phase II that is capable of operating over a wide temperature and pressure range - (a) Unpressurized or Pressurized PEM (Grotthuss mechanism) at 140 C, Highest temperature most favorable, Lowest water requirement most favorable, Pressurized recommended for base loaded operation, Unpressurized may be preferred for load following; (b) Pressurized PEM (vehicle mechanism) at about 100 C, Pressure required for saturation, Fuel cell technology currently available, stack development required. The system analysis and screening evaluation resulted in the identification of the following components for the most promising system: (1) Steam reforming fuel processor; (2) Grotthuss mechanism fuel cell stack operating at 140 C; (3) Means to deliver system waste heat to a cogeneration unit; (4) Pressurized system utilizing a turbocompressor for a base-load power application. If duty cycling is anticipated, the benefits of compression may be offset due to complexity of control. In this case (and even in the base loaded case), the turbocompressor can be replaced with a blower for low-pressure operation.

  10. Modeling and Optimal Control Algorithm Design for HVAC Systems in Energy Efficient Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maasoumy, Mehdi

    2014-01-01

    Litz. Simulation of thermal building behaviour in modelica.of the 2nd International Modelica Conference, volume 154.building behaviour using Modelica. Mathematical and Computer

  11. Autonomous vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyrowitz, A.L.; Blidberg, D.R.; Michelson, R.C.

    1996-08-01

    There are various kinds of autonomous vehicles (AV`s) which can operate with varying levels of autonomy. This paper is concerned with underwater, ground, and aerial vehicles operating in a fully autonomous (nonteleoperated) mode. Further, this paper deals with AV`s as a special kind of device, rather than full-scale manned vehicles operating unmanned. The distinction is one in which the AV is likely to be designed for autonomous operation rather than being adapted for it as would be the case for manned vehicles. The authors provide a survey of the technological progress that has been made in AV`s, the current research issues and approaches that are continuing that progress, and the applications which motivate this work. It should be noted that issues of control are pervasive regardless of the kind of AV being considered, but that there are special considerations in the design and operation of AV`s depending on whether the focus is on vehicles underwater, on the ground, or in the air. The authors have separated the discussion into sections treating each of these categories.

  12. The Household Market for Electric Vehicles: Testing the Hybrid Household Hypothesis--A Reflively Designed Survey of New-car-buying, Multi-vehicle California Households

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turrentine, Thomas; Kurani, Kenneth

    1995-01-01

    HEV) - Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) 140 or 180 80 or 120EV, and 20 percent chose an NGV. All EVs, including hybridHouseholds that wanted an NGV had a choice of two range

  13. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Computational design and development of a new, lightweight cast alloy for advanced cylinder heads in high-efficiency, light-duty engines FOA 648-3a

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by General Motors at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about computational design and...

  14. The potential for distributed generation in Japanese prototype buildings: A DER-CAM analysis of policy, tariff design, building energy use, and technology development (Japanese translation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida, Masaru

    2004-10-15

    The August 2003 blackout of the northeastern U.S. and CANADA caused great economic losses and inconvenience to New York City and other affected areas. The blackout was a warning to the rest of the world that the ability of conventional power systems to meet growing electricity demand is questionable. Failure of large power systems can lead to serious emergencies. Introduction of on-site generation, renewable energy such as solar and wind power and the effective utilization of exhaust heat is needed, to meet the growing energy demands of the residential and commercial sectors. Additional benefit can be achieved by integrating these distributed technologies into distributed energy resource (DER) systems. This work demonstrates a method for choosing and designing economically optimal DER systems. An additional purpose of this research is to establish a database of energy tariffs, DER technology cost and performance characteristics, and building energy consumption for Japan. This research builds on prior DER studies at the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and with their associates in the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) and operation, including the development of the microgrid concept, and the DER selection optimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM is a tool designed to find the optimal combination of installed equipment and an idealized operating schedule to minimize a site's energy bills, given performance and cost data on available DER technologies, utility tariffs, and site electrical and thermal loads over a test period, usually an historic year. Since hourly electric and thermal energy data are rarely available, they are typically developed by building simulation for each of six end use loads used to model the building: electric-only loads, space heating, space cooling, refrigeration, water heating, and natural-gas-only loads. DER-CAM provides a global optimization, albeit idealized, that shows how the necessary useful energy loads can be provided for at minimum cost by selection and operation of on-site generation, heat recovery, cooling, and efficiency improvements. This study examines five prototype commercial buildings and uses DER-CAM to select the economically optimal DER system for each. The five building types are office, hospital, hotel, retail, and sports facility. Each building type was considered for both 5,000 and 10,000 square meter floor sizes. The energy consumption of these building types is based on building energy simulation and published literature. Based on the optimization results, energy conservation and the emissions reduction were also evaluated. Furthermore, a comparison study between Japan and the U.S. has been conducted covering the policy, technology and the utility tariffs effects on DER systems installations.

  15. The Evolution of Sustainable Personal Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jungers, Bryan D

    2009-01-01

    Existence. Oxford Press Benyus, J. M. (1997). Biomimicry:Vehicle Design Janine Benyus, author of Biomimicry:

  16. The potential for distributed generation in Japanese prototype buildings: A DER-CAM analysis of policy, tariff design, building energy use, and technology development (English Version)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida, Masaru

    2004-10-15

    The August 2003 blackout of the northeastern U.S. and CANADA caused great economic losses and inconvenience to New York City and other affected areas. The blackout was a warning to the rest of the world that the ability of conventional power systems to meet growing electricity demand is questionable. Failure of large power systems can lead to serious emergencies. Introduction of on-site generation, renewable energy such as solar and wind power and the effective utilization of exhaust heat is needed, to meet the growing energy demands of the residential and commercial sectors. Additional benefit can be achieved by integrating these distributed technologies into distributed energy resource (DER) systems. This work demonstrates a method for choosing and designing economically optimal DER systems. An additional purpose of this research is to establish a database of energy tariffs, DER technology cost and performance characteristics, and building energy consumption for Japan. This research builds on prior DER studies at the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and with their associates in the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) and operation, including the development of the microgrid concept, and the DER selection optimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM is a tool designed to find the optimal combination of installed equipment and an idealized operating schedule to minimize a site's energy bills, given performance and cost data on available DER technologies, utility tariffs, and site electrical and thermal loads over a test period, usually an historic year. Since hourly electric and thermal energy data are rarely available, they are typically developed by building simulation for each of six end use loads used to model the building: electric-only loads, space heating, space cooling, refrigeration, water heating, and natural-gas-only loads. DER-CAM provides a global optimization, albeit idealized, that shows how the necessary useful energy loads can be provided for at minimum cost by selection and operation of on-site generation, heat recovery, cooling, and efficiency improvements. This study examines five prototype commercial buildings and uses DER-CAM to select the economically optimal DER system for each. The five building types are office, hospital, hotel, retail, and sports facility. Each building type was considered for both 5,000 and 10,000 square meter floor sizes. The energy consumption of these building types is based on building energy simulation and published literature. Based on the optimization results, energy conservation and the emissions reduction were also evaluated. Furthermore, a comparison study between Japan and the U.S. has been conducted covering the policy, technology and the utility tariffs effects on DER systems installations. This study begins with an examination of existing DER research. Building energy loads were then generated through simulation (DOE-2) and scaled to match available load data in the literature. Energy tariffs in Japan and the U.S. were then compared: electricity prices did not differ significantly, while commercial gas prices in Japan are much higher than in the U.S. For smaller DER systems, the installation costs in Japan are more than twice those in the U.S., but this difference becomes smaller with larger systems. In Japan, DER systems are eligible for a 1/3 rebate of installation costs, while subsidies in the U.S. vary significantly by region and application. For 10,000 m{sup 2} buildings, significant decreases in fuel consumption, carbon emissions, and energy costs were seen in the economically optimal results. This was most noticeable in the sports facility, followed the hospital and hotel. This research demonstrates that office buildings can benefit from CHP, in contrast to popular opinion. For hospitals and sports facilities, the use of waste heat is particularly effective for water and space heating. For the other building types, waste heat is most effectively use

  17. Solar heating and cooling of residential buildings: design of systems, 1980 edition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1980-09-01

    This manual was prepared primarily for use in conducting a practical training course on the design of solar heating and cooling systems for residential and small office buildings, but may also be useful as a general reference text. The content level is appropriate for persons with different and varied backgrounds, although it is assumed that readers possess a basic understanding of heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning systems of conventional (non-solar) types. This edition is a revision of the manual with the same title, first printed and distributed by the US Government Printing Office in October 1977. The manual has been reorganized, new material has been added, and outdated information has been deleted. Only active solar systems are described. Liquid and air-heating solar systems for combined space and service water heating or service water heating are included. Furthermore, only systems with proven experience are discussed to any extent.

  18. Proposal for the Award of a Contract for the Civil Engineering work for the Building designed to House the LEP Pre-injector Linear Accelerator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1982-01-01

    Proposal for the Award of a Contract for the Civil Engineering work for the Building designed to House the LEP Pre-injector Linear Accelerator

  19. Proposal for the Award of a Contract for the Construction of the Building designed to house the Accumulator Ring for the LEP Pre-injector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1983-01-01

    Proposal for the Award of a Contract for the Construction of the Building designed to house the Accumulator Ring for the LEP Pre-injector

  20. Proposal for the award of a contract for the design, supply, installation and commissioning of an HVAC (Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning) system for Building 3862

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-01-01

    Proposal for the award of a contract for the design, supply, installation and commissioning of an HVAC (Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning) system for Building 3862

  1. Interoperability of Computer Aided Design and Energy Performance Simulation to Improve Building Energy Efficiency and Performance 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaisuparasmikul, P.

    2006-01-01

    The paper describes very significant novel interoperability and data modeling technology for existing building that maps a building information parametric model with an energy simulation model, establishing a seamless link between Computer Aided...

  2. Critical Simulation Based Evaluation of Thermally Activated Building Systems (TABS) Design Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basu, Chandrayee

    2012-01-01

    apps1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/energyplus/ [Internet] [building for CZ03 in EnergyPlus v7.0 under 2 different heatassistance in learning EnergyPlus, which could not have been

  3. Regionalism and the design of low-rise building envelope systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tapia, Jason W. (Jason Wilfredo)

    2010-01-01

    This investigation proposes the use of a three-pronged approach to evaluating building envelopes for low-rise affordable housing in urban contexts: construction cost estimating, building performance modeling, and cradle ...

  4. Transaction-Cost Economic Analysis of Institutional Change toward Design-Build Contracts for Public Transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whittington, Jan; Dowall, David E.

    2006-01-01

    initiative to build Tacoma Narrows Bridge. Public–privateor scope, such as the Tacoma Narrows Bridge. Private sector

  5. Assessing Vehicle Electricity Demand Impacts on California Electricity Supply

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarthy, Ryan W.

    2009-01-01

    How do alternative vehicle emissions compare on a well-to-1970s it established vehicle emissions and building energyplatforms. Well-to-wheels vehicle emissions rates (gCO 2 /

  6. The problem of designing facades within an industrialized building system : a technical analysis for criticising and evaluating contemporary buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plante, Jacques

    1985-01-01

    Designing facades is one of the most important and delicate problems in contemporary architecture. The facade is the changing zone par excelience within which the structural elements of technology meld into refined details ...

  7. Design of an Overmoded-Waveguide Directional Antenna for Use in In-Building Ventilation Duct Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stancil, Daniel D.

    Design of an Overmoded-Waveguide Directional Antenna for Use in In-Building Ventilation Duct ventilation ducts. We obtain experimentally the element size and spacing of a reflector and driven element that can be used for IEEE 802.11b/g/n signals in a cylindrical duct to provide 3.1 dB of gain and a front

  8. 228 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ROBOTICS AND AUTOMATION, VOL. 16, NO. 3, JUNE 2000 Design Lessons for Building Agile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merat, Francis L.

    228 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ROBOTICS AND AUTOMATION, VOL. 16, NO. 3, JUNE 2000 Design Lessons for Building Agile Manufacturing Systems Wyatt S. Newman, Member, IEEE, Andy Podgurski, Member, IEEE, Roger D--Agile manufacturing, automated assembly, flex- ible automation, rapid-response manufacturing, robotic assembly

  9. Approved Module Information for CE1002, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Design and Build Module Code: CE1002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    Approved Module Information for CE1002, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Design and Build Module Code: CE1002 School: Engineering and Applied Science Module Type: Standard Module New Module? No Module Credits: 10 Module Management Information Module Leader Name Paul Andrew Tack Email Address tackpa

  10. Designation Order No. 00-12.00 to the Executive Director of Loan Programs and Director of the Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing Incentive Program

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2010-04-30

    Secretary or Energy designates each of the Executive Director of Loan Programs and the Director of the Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing Incentive Program, as their designee, as the term is used in the Internal Revenue Manual, Part 11, Chapter 3, Section 29.6, acting separately to request tax delinquency account status and other tax related information from the Internal Revenue Service, pursuant to 26 U .S.C. 6103(1)(3), for applicants to the Department's Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing Incentive Program under Section 136 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of2007 (P. L. 110-140), as amended.

  11. Designs for critical secondary control layouts for vehicles for the physically challenged 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lostetter, Michael F

    1995-01-01

    of the TALK system between able-bodied and physically challenged persons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Comparison of the accuracy for the TALK and TONE systems. 25 26 INTRODUCTION In the area of automotive adaptive equipment, safety is even inore... obtained through interviews, conducted by the author, with qualified experts in the automotive adaptive equipment field from industry and academia. This compilation of expert opinions and ideas helped to contribute to the design approaches discussed...

  12. Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-05-01

    Hybrid and plug-in electric vehicles use electricity as their primary fuel or to improve the efficiency of conventional vehicle designs. These vehicles can be divided into three categories: hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), all-electric vehicles (EVs). Together, they have great potential to cut U.S. petroleum use and vehicle emissions.

  13. Social Vehicle Navigation: Integrating Shared Driving Experience into Vehicle Navigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iftode, Liviu

    Vehicle Navigation system that integrates driver-provided information into a vehicle navigation system Systems Applications]: Miscellaneous; K.4.m [Computers and Society]: Miscellaneous General Terms Design, Human Factors Keywords Social networks, vehicular networks, navigation systems, human- computer

  14. Hybrid and Plug-in Electric Vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2014-05-20

    Hybrid and plug-in electric vehicles use electricity either as their primary fuel or to improve the efficiency of conventional vehicle designs. This new generation of vehicles, often called electric drive vehicles, can be divided into three categories: hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles(PHEVs), and all-electric vehicles (EVs). Together, they have great potential to reduce U.S. petroleum use.

  15. Cost Control Strategies for Zero Energy Buildings: High-Performance Design and Construction on a Budget (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-09-01

    There is mounting evidence that zero energy can, in many cases, be achieved within typical construction budgets. To ensure that the momentum behind zero energy buildings and other low-energy buildings will continue to grow, this guide assembles recommendations for replicating specific successes of early adopters who have met their energy goals while controlling costs. Contents include: discussion of recommended cost control strategies, which are grouped by project phase (acquisition and delivery, design, and construction) and accompanied by industry examples; recommendations for balancing key decision-making factors; and quick reference tables that can help teams apply strategies to specific projects.

  16. Advanced Design and Commissioning Tools for Energy-Efficient Building Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bauman, Fred; Webster, Tom; Zhang, Hui; Arens, Ed

    2012-01-01

    2009, the goal of net zero energy was reached. Referenceswas to make it a net zero-energy building. We obtained

  17. Progress of the Computer-Aided Engineering of Electric Drive Vehicle Batteries (CAEBAT) (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pesaran, A. A.; Han, T.; Hartridge, S.; Shaffer, C.; Kim, G. H.; Pannala, S.

    2013-06-01

    This presentation, Progress of Computer-Aided Engineering of Electric Drive Vehicle Batteries (CAEBAT) is about simulation and computer-aided engineering (CAE) tools that are widely used to speed up the research and development cycle and reduce the number of build-and-break steps, particularly in the automotive industry. Realizing this, DOE?s Vehicle Technologies Program initiated the CAEBAT project in April 2010 to develop a suite of software tools for designing batteries.

  18. A bi-criterion optimization approach for the design and planning of hydrogen supply chains for vehicle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    ;Introduction The use of hydrogen as an alternative fuel and energy carrier is receiving increasing interest friendly and has many potential energy uses, including powering road vehicles and aircrafts, and heating for vehicle use Gonzalo Guill´en-Gos´albeza , Fernando D. Meleb and Ignacio E. Grossmannc a Department

  19. Building America Case Study: Calculating Design Heating Loads for Superinsulated Buildings, Ithaca, New York; Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-08-01

    Designing a superinsulated home has many benefits including improved comfort, reduced exterior noise penetration, lower energy bills, and the ability to withstand power and fuel outages under much more comfortable conditions than a typical home. Extremely low heating and cooling loads equate to much smaller HVAC equipment than conventionally required. Sizing the mechanical system to these much lower loads reduces first costs and the size of the distribution system needed. While these homes aren't necessarily constructed with excessive mass in the form of concrete floors and walls, the amount of insulation and the increase in the thickness of the building envelope can lead to a mass effect, resulting in the structures ability to store much more heat than a code built home. This results in a very low thermal inertia making the building much less sensitive to drastic temperature swings thereby decreasing the peak heating load demand. Alternative methods that take this inertia into account along with solar and internal gains result in smaller more appropriate design loads than those calculated using Manual J version 8. During the winter of 2013/2014, CARB monitored the energy use of three homes in climate zone 6 in an attempt to evaluate the accuracy of two different mechanical system sizing methods for low load homes. Based on the results, it is recommended that internal and solar gains be included and some credit for thermal inertia be used in sizing calculations for superinsulated homes.

  20. Design Methodology for Single Electron Based Building Blocks Cor Meenderinck Casper Lageweg Sorin Cotofana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cotofana, Sorin

    . During the presentation we use a Move k electron (MV ke) block as a discussion vehicle but the approach of power consumption and scalability. A promising alternative is Single Electron Tunneling (SET) technology electron at a time, if it reduces the amount of energy in the system. Tunneling through a junction becomes

  1. Design Methodology for Single Electron Based Building Blocks Cor Meenderinck Casper Lageweg Sorin Cotofana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cotofana, Sorin

    . During the presentation we use a Move k electron (MV ke) block as a discussion vehicle but the approach of power consumption and scalability. A promising alternative is Single Electron Tunneling (SET) technology, if it reduces the amount of energy in the system. Tunneling through a junction becomes possible when

  2. Recommendations for the analysis and design of naturally ventilated buildings in urban areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Truong, Phan Hue

    2012-01-01

    The motivation behind this work was to obtain a better understanding of how a building's natural ventilation potential is affected by the complexities introduced by the urban environment. To this end, we have derived in ...

  3. BENEFITS OF RADIAL BUILD MINIMIZATION AND REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED ON ARIES COMPACT STELLARATOR DESIGN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    savings in the radial build has been achieved, reducing the major radius by more than 20%, which. The primary goal of the study is to develop a more compact machine that retains the cost savings associated

  4. EnergyGauge USA: A Residential Building Energy Simulation Design Tool 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fairey, P.; Vieira, R. K.; Parker, D. S.; Hanson, B.; Broman, P. A.; Grant, J. B.; Fuehrlein, B.; Gu, L.

    2002-01-01

    The Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) has developed new software (EnergyGauge USA) which allows simple calculation and rating of energy use of residential buildings around the United States. In the past, most residential analysis and rating...

  5. Assessment of the thermal efficiency, structure and fire resistance of lightweight building systems for optimized design 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amundarain, Aitor

    The use of lightweight building systems is very controversial as existing knowledge about their performance is limited. Not enough research has been conducted to determine the suitability of these modern construction ...

  6. The design and construction of electronic motor control and network interface hardware for advance concept urban mobility vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morrissey, Bryan L. (Bryan Lawrence)

    2008-01-01

    Over the past several years, the Smart Cities Group at MIT's Media Lab has engaged in research to develop several advanced concepts for vehicles to improve urban mobility. This research has focused on developing a modular ...

  7. CloudThink and the Avacar : embedded design to create virtual vehicles for cloud-based informatics, telematics, and infotainment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siegel, Joshua Eric

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes the development and testing results for a system of Cloudbased mirrors for physical vehicles called "Avacars." Avacars duplicate parameters from On-Board Diagnostics, accelerometers, and GPS sensors ...

  8. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Materials for Advanced Turbocharger Designs (Agreement ID:17257) Project ID:18518

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Oak Ridge National Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about materials for...

  9. Fact #621: May 3, 2010 Gross Vehicle Weight vs. Empty Vehicle Weight

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The gross weight of a vehicle (GVW) is the weight of the empty vehicle plus the weight of the maximum payload that the vehicle was designed to carry. In cars and small light trucks, the difference...

  10. Accomodating Electric Vehicles 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aasheim, D.

    2011-01-01

    ? New Building Construction & Core & Shell (SSc4.3) ? Up to 3 LEED points ? Existing Building (SSc4) ? 3-15 LEED points available Retail Benefits ? Green Differentiator ? Business associated with EV locator sites ? Vehicle GPS + websites... ? Encourage Sales Behavior ? Park/shop where EVSE is located ? Advertise on blink screen ? Discount or Free charge with minimum purchase (Host controls pricing) Recent Additions to the blink Network ? Nissan?s Smyrna Plant Solar EV Carport- Tennessee...

  11. THE PASSIVE SOLAR DESIGN PROCESS FOR A SMALL OFFICE/LABORATORY BUILDING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andersson, Brandt

    2011-01-01

    22-26. 1979 THE PASSIVE SOLAR DESIGN PROCESS FOR A SMALLof California. THE PASSIVE SOLAR DESIGN PROCESS FOR A SMALLadvantages of pas- sive solar design for a small cornmercial

  12. Building a business case for corporate fleets to adopt vehicle-to-grid technology (V2G) and participate in the regulation service market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De los Ríos Vergara, Andrés

    2011-01-01

    Electric (EV) and Plug-in Hybrid Electric vehicles (PHEV) continue to gain attention and market share, not only as options for consumers but also for corporate fleets. EVs and PHEVs can contribute to lower operating costs ...

  13. Development of Building Automation and Control Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Yang; Zhu, Qi; Maasoumy, Mehdi; Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, Alberto

    2012-01-01

    A design flow for building automation and control systems,’’Development of Building Automation and Control Systems Yanga design flow for building automation systems that focuses

  14. Building America Webinar: Ventilation in Multifamily Buildings...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    multifamily buildings, including how to successfully implement those strategies through smart design, specification, and construction techniques. webinarventilationmultifamily...

  15. CWRU awarded grant to build battery for smart grid, renewables New design for iron flow battery would enhance energy and economic security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rollins, Andrew M.

    CWRU awarded grant to build battery for smart grid, renewables New design for iron flow battery year, the Cleveland-based researchers have been investigating ways to build a flow battery primarily using water and iron, hence the name. A flow battery is essentially an unwrapped battery that can

  16. A study of the characteristics of natural light in selected buildings designed by Le Corbusier, Louis I. Kahn and Tadao Ando 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gill, Sukhtej Singh

    2009-06-02

    The thesis discusses the characteristics of natural light that are visible inside concrete buildings designed in the late twentieth century. The study addresses three major objectives. First is to identify the characteristics of natural light...

  17. Alfven wave collisions, the fundamental building block of plasma turbulence. III. Theory for experimental design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, Troy

    Alfven wave collisions, the fundamental building block of plasma turbulence. III. Theory is a ubiquitous phenomenon in space and astrophysical plasmas, driving a cascade of energy from large to small, influencing the heating of the solar corona and acceleration of the solar wind,1 the dynamics

  18. Toward an Effective Design Process: Enhancing Building Performance through Better Integration of Facility Management Perspectives in the Design Process 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalantari Hematabadi, Seyed Saleh

    2014-08-20

    In today’s architecture and construction industry, there is a growing agreement that the input of facility management professionals (FMs) can be a vital resource during the architectural design process. FMs are responsible for the everyday operation...

  19. Designing density : building form and site design for contextually appropriate multi-family housing in Boston's inner-ring suburbs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kanson-Benanav, Jesse

    2009-01-01

    This research focuses on multi-family residential development in the inner-ring suburbs around Boston in order to understand how dense housing can be designed in ways that are contextually appropriate for these existing ...

  20. Supports for high tech : permanence and change in building system design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luna Herrera, Pablo

    1990-01-01

    The obsolescence of our constantly changing built environment is leading architects, now more than ever, towards designing for unknown future requirements. This condition has become manifest in the design of "High Tech" ...

  1. Building communities for design education : using telecommunication technology for remote collaborative learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yee, Susan, 1966-

    2001-01-01

    The design studio, as both a learning environment and a social place, is one of the major components of architectural education. Traditionally, the studio has been considered a place for individual design work and one-on-one ...

  2. THE PASSIVE SOLAR DESIGN PROCESS FOR A SMALL OFFICE/LABORATORY BUILDING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andersson, Brandt

    2011-01-01

    CA. October 22-26. 1979 THE PASSIVE SOLAR DESIGN PROCESS FORin preparation for the passive driving force -- solar gain.University of California. THE PASSIVE SOLAR DESIGN PROCESS

  3. Towards interactive sustainable neighborhood design : combining a tangible user interface with real time building simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Cody M. (Cody McCullough)

    2015-01-01

    An increasingly urbanizing human population presents new challenges for urban planners and designers. While the field of urban design tools is expanding, urban development scenarios require the input of multiple stakeholders, ...

  4. Flexibility in building design : a real options approach and valuation methodology to address risk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greden, Lara V. (Lara Virginia), 1977-

    2005-01-01

    This research develops an approach to designing and valuing flexible systems subject to identified future uncertainties. The approach addresses two shortcomings of current design and decision-making practices that are ...

  5. Assessment of Distributed Energy Adoption in Commercial Buildings: Part 1: An Analysis of Policy, Building Loads, Tariff Design, and Technology Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan; Nishida, Masaru; Gao, Weijun; Marnay, Chris

    2005-01-01

    systems, estimates of energy consumption intensities of various building types are typically obtained from the Natural Gas Cogeneration

  6. The potential for distributed generation in Japanese prototype buildings: A DER-CAM analysis of policy, tariff design, building energy use, and technology development (English Version)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida, Masaru

    2004-01-01

    systems, estimates of energy consumption intensities of various building types are typically obtained from the Natural Gas Cogeneration

  7. Vehicle Technologies Office: Maximizing Alternative Fuel Vehicle...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Maximizing Alternative Fuel Vehicle Efficiency Vehicle Technologies Office: Maximizing Alternative Fuel Vehicle Efficiency Besides their energy security and environmental benefits,...

  8. Smith Electric Vehicles: Advanced Vehicle Electrification + Transporta...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Confidential, 4222013 2013 DOE VEHICLE TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM REVIEW PRESENTATION Smith Electric Vehicles: Advanced Vehicle Electrification + Transportation Sector Electrification...

  9. Attributes of Indoor Environmental Quality to Earth-sheltered Building Design 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheta, S.

    2010-01-01

    , while the second ranking was indoor radon (Huelman, 2004, pp. 10-21). Indoor environmental quality problems in earth sheltered buildings can take many forms but the main way to look at problems is to remember the three ?P?s? of indoor....), carbon monoxide and other combustion products, radon, pesticides, and household chemicals (Barcik, 2005, pp. 30-1). There are three basic aspects of indoor environmental quality that will be covered in this article?the sources of indoor air...

  10. Richmond Electric Vehicle Initiative Electric Vehicle Readiness...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Richmond Electric Vehicle Initiative Electric Vehicle Readiness Plan Richmond Electric Vehicle Initiative Electric Vehicle Readiness Plan The REVi plan addresses the electric...

  11. Building C-400 Thermal Treatment 90% Remedial Design Report and Site Investigation

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (BillionProvedTravel TravelChallenges |1-01 Audit| Department of Energy Building America427 Rev.

  12. DOE Announces Webinars on Rethinking Building Design, the SunShot Catalyst

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels DataEnergy Webinar:IAbout Us »Buildings Resource, and MoreBiomass andPrize,

  13. Improving efficiency of a vehicle HVAC system with comfort modeling...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    efficiency of a vehicle HVAC system with comfort modeling, zonal design, and thermoelectric devices Improving efficiency of a vehicle HVAC system with comfort modeling, zonal...

  14. Tool coupling for the design and operation of building energy and control systems based on the Functional Mock-up Interface standard

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nouidui, Thierry Stephane; Wetter, Michael

    2014-03-01

    This paper describes software tools developed at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) that can be coupled through the Functional Mock-up Interface standard in support of the design and operation of building energy and control systems. These tools have been developed to address the gaps and limitations encountered in legacy simulation tools. These tools were originally designed for the analysis of individual domains of buildings, and have been difficult to integrate with other tools for runtime data exchange. The coupling has been realized by use of the Functional Mock-up Interface for co-simulation, which standardizes an application programming interface for simulator interoperability that has been adopted in a variety of industrial domains. As a variety of coupling scenarios are possible, this paper provides users with guidance on what coupling may be best suited for their application. Furthermore, the paper illustrates how tools can be integrated into a building management system to support the operation of buildings. These tools may be a design model that is used for real-time performance monitoring, a fault detection and diagnostics algorithm, or a control sequence, each of which may be exported as a Functional Mock-up Unit and made available in a building management system as an input/output block. We anticipate that this capability can contribute to bridging the observed performance gap between design and operational energy use of buildings.

  15. Building Envelope Design/Retrofit Utilizing Fresnel Type Overhangs in Hot Climates 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryan, B. J.; Griffith, J. W.

    1990-01-01

    The selection of exterior elements for control of solar incidence has been a major concern for engineers, architects, and lighting designers. This concern relates to problems of thermal heat gain, direct glare and veiling reflectance. Of equal...

  16. Building KiMoSin : design requirements for kinetic interfaces in protein education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Ashlie (Ashlie M.)

    2007-01-01

    Design guidelines for tools to enhance protein education are developed and applied to a prototype tool. A literature search and personal experience suggest kinetic, tangible models fill the current gaps in protein education. ...

  17. Design, build and test of an axial flow hydrokinetic turbine with fatigue analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ketcham, Jerod W

    2010-01-01

    OpenProp is an open source propeller and turbine design and analysis code that has been in development since 2007 by MIT graduate students under the supervision of Professor Richard Kimball. In order to test the performance ...

  18. Modeling the vehicle cycle impacts of hybrid electric vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, M.Q.; Gaines, L.; Cuenca, R. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Center for Transportation Research

    1997-03-13

    Pure and hybrid electric vehicles, considered environmentally benign, are being developed to reduce urban air pollutant emissions. The obvious emissions benefit of pure electric vehicles is that they produce no tailpipe emissions. Hybrid electric vehicles have the potential of improving fuel economy and reducing emissions. However, both electric vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) do have their own environmental impacts. In order to quantify the potential benefits from introducing such vehicles, it is necessary to compare their impacts with those from the conventional vehicles they would replace. These impacts include energy use and emissions from the entire energy cycle, including fuel production, vehicle and battery production and recycling, and vehicle operation. Argonne`s previous work in collaboration with other national laboratories analyzed the total energy cycle of electric vehicles; this paper compares energy use and emissions for the total energy cycles of several HEV designs with those from modern conventional vehicles. The estimates presented indicate that use of HEVs can reduce energy use and emissions of greenhouse gases, volatile organic gases, carbon monoxide, and particulate matter smaller than 10 micrometers. HEVs may, in some cases, increase emissions of nitrogen oxides and sulfur oxides. Although some of the HEV designs illustrated in this paper could run a significant proportion of annual miles in all electric operation, no calculation of the emission reductions that result from using electricity from the utility grid is presented in this paper.

  19. Extend EnergyPlus to Support Evaluation, Design, and Operation of Low Energy Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cho, Heejin; Wang, Weimin; Makhmalbaf, Atefe; Yun, Kyung Tae; Glazer, Jason; Scheier, Larry; Srivastava, Viraj; Gowri, Krishnan

    2011-12-21

    During FY10-11, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in collaboration with the EnergyPlus development team implemented the following high priority enhancements to support the simulation of high performance buildings: (1) Improve Autosizing of Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) Components; (2) Life-Cycle Costing to Evaluate Energy Efficiency Upgrades; (3) Develop New Model to Capture Transformer Losses; (4) Enhance the Model for Electric Battery Storage; and (5) Develop New Model for Chiller-Tower Optimization. This report summarizes the technical background, new feature development and implementation details, and testing and validation process for these enhancements. The autosizing, life-cycle costing and transformer model enhancements/developments were included in EnergyPlus release Version 6.0, and the electric battery model development will be included in Version 7.0. The model development of chiller-tower optimization will be included in a later version (after Version 7.0).

  20. Practical application of optimization techniques to the design of integrated circuit building blocks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Chong Hsu

    1992-01-01

    Parameter Design Inner array: L8(2r) II Parameter Design Outer array: L4(2 ) 19 III Values of Temperature Dependent BSIM Parameters at 27 'C. . . . 27 IV Parameter Values of Statistical Model for Digital Circuit Simulation . 28 V Parameter Values... dependences included in the transistor models. A semi-empirical temperature dependence modeling method adequate for SPICE circuit simulation had been proposed [22] and is summarized below: V~n )r = Vpn (z; + 0. 00186&T 4's I r = ps I T (3. 2) 27 Table...

  1. Simulation Support for Optimizing the Design and Operation of a Large Open-Space Office Building 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lain, M.; Hensen, J.; Zemlicka, J.

    2008-01-01

    and simulation was used to predict the performance of various design alternatives with respect to reducing the required cooling capacity, in order to verify the fan-coil capacity sizing and to optimize the ventilation system and strategy of the atriums. Since...

  2. Low energy architecture in the tropics: from design to building construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harry Boyer; Frédéric Miranville; François Payet

    2012-12-23

    This paper presents a realization of passive construction in Reunion, French Department in the Indian Ocean (southern hemisphere) submitted to a wet tropical climate. Aspects of passive construction were integrated at the design stage and this house does not present additional costs towards classical ones. This project was awarded a prize for architecture climate.

  3. Canister storage building compliance assessment DOE Order 6430.1A, General Design Criteria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    BLACK, D.M.

    1999-08-12

    This document presents the Project's position on compliance with DOE Order 6430.1A ''General Design Criteria.'' No non-compliances are shown. The compliance statements have been reviewed and approved by DOE. Open items are scheduled to be closed prior to project completion.

  4. Low energy architecture in the tropics: from design to building construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Harry; Payet, François

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents a realization of passive construction in Reunion, French Department in the Indian Ocean (southern hemisphere) submitted to a wet tropical climate. Aspects of passive construction were integrated at the design stage and this house does not present additional costs towards classical ones. This project was awarded a prize for architecture climate.

  5. REVIEW REPORT: BUILDING C-400 THERMAL TREATMENT 90 PERCENT REMEDIAL DESIGN REPORT AND SITE INVESTIGATION, PGDP, PADUCAH, KENTUCKY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Looney, B; Jed Costanza, J; Eva Davis, E; Joe Rossabi, J; Lloyd (Bo) Stewart, L; Hans Stroo, H

    2007-08-15

    On 9 April 2007, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Headquarters, Office of Soil and Groundwater Remediation (EM-22) initiated an Independent Technical Review (ITR) of the 90% Remedial Design Report (RDR) and Site Investigation (RDSI) for thermal treatment of trichloroethylene (TCE) in the soil and groundwater in the vicinity of Building C-400 at the Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PGDP). The general ITR goals were to assess the technical adequacy of the 90% RDSI and provide recommendations sufficient for DOE to determine if modifications are warranted pertaining to the design, schedule, or cost of implementing the proposed design. The ultimate goal of the effort was to assist the DOE Paducah/Portsmouth Project Office (PPPO) and their contractor team in ''removing'' the TCE source zone located near the C-400 Building. This report provides the ITR findings and recommendations and supporting evaluations as needed to facilitate use of the recommendations. The ITR team supports the remedial action objective (RAO) at C-400 to reduce the TCE source area via subsurface Electrical Resistance Heating (ERH). Further, the ITR team commends PPPO, their contractor team, regulators, and stakeholders for the significant efforts taken in preparing the 90% RDR. To maximize TCE removal at the target source area, several themes emerge from the review which the ITR team believes should be considered and addressed before implementing the thermal treatment. These themes include the need for: (1) Accurate and site-specific models as the basis to verify the ERH design for full-scale implementation for this challenging hydrogeologic setting; (2) Flexible project implementation and operation to allow the project team to respond to observations and data collected during construction and operation; (3) Defensible performance metrics and monitoring, appropriate for ERH, to ensure sufficient and efficient clean-up; and (4) Comprehensive (creative and diverse) contingencies to address the potential for system underperformance, and other unforeseen conditions These themes weave through the ITR report and the various analyses and recommendations. The ITR team recognizes that a number of technologies are available for treatment of TCE sources. Further, the team supports the regulatory process through which the selected remedy is being implemented, and concurs that ERH is a potentially viable remedial technology to meet the RAOs adjacent to C-400. Nonetheless, the ITR team concluded that additional efforts are needed to provide an adequate basis for the planned ERH design, particularly in the highly permeable Regional Gravel Aquifer (RGA), where sustaining target temperatures present a challenge. The ERH design modeling in the 90% RDR does not fully substantiate that heating in the deep RGA, at the interface with the McNairy formation, will meet the design goals; specifically the target temperatures. Full-scale implementation of ERH to meet the RAOs is a challenge in the complex hydrogeologic setting at PGDP. Where possible, risks to the project identified in this ITR report as ''issues'' and ''recommendations'' should be mitigated as part of the final design process to increase the likelihood of remedial success. The ITR efforts were organized into five lines of inquiry (LOIs): (1) Site investigation and target zone delineation; (2) Performance objectives; (3) Project and design topics; (4) Health and safety; and (5) Cross cutting and independent cost evaluation. Within each of these LOIs, the ITR team identified a series of unresolved issues--topics that have remaining uncertainties or potential project risks. These issues were analyzed and one or more recommendations were developed for each. In the end, the ITR team identified 27 issues and provided 50 recommendations. The issues and recommendations are briefly summarized below, developed in Section 5, and consolidated into a single list in Section 6. The ITR team concluded that there are substantive unresolved issues and system design uncertainties, resulting in technical and financial risks to DOE.

  6. ORNL Building Technologies Research & Integration Center (BTRIC) New Laboratory Facilities per

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    (walls, roof, windows, doors), heating and cooling system, ventilation system, zoning strategy, and many/or distributed energy or CHP systems, customer-side-of-meter plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) or EV docking efficiency due to improved systems/building-level integration, both for design and construction of new houses

  7. The Mid-Infrared Instrument for JWST, II: Design and Build

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, G S; Goodson, G B; Rieke, G H; Aitink-Kroes, Gabby; Amiaux, J; Aricha-Yanguas, Ana; Azzolini, Ruyman; Banks, Kimberly; Barrado-Navascues, D; Belenguer-Davila, T; Bloemmart, J A D L; Bouchet, Patrice; Brandl, B R; Colina, L; Detre, Ors; Diaz-Catala, Eva; Eccleston, Paul; Friedman, Scott D; Garcia-Marin, Macarena; Guedel, Manuel; Glasse, Alistair; Glauser, Adrian M; Greene, T P; Groezinger, Uli; Grundy, Tim; Hastings, Peter; Henning, Th; Hofferbert, Ralph; Hunter, Faye; Jessen, N C; Justtanont, K; Karnik, Avinash R; Khorrami, Mori A; Krause, Oliver; Labiano, Alvaro; Lagage, P -O; Langer, Ulrich; Lemke, Dietrich; Lim, Tanya; Lorenzo-Alvarez, Jose; Mazy, Emmanuel; McGowan, Norman; Meixner, M E; Morris, Nigel; Morrison, Jane E; Mueller, Friedrich; Norgaard-Nielson, H -U; Olofsson, Goeran; O'Sullivan, Brian; Pel, J -W; Penanen, Konstantin; Petach, M B; Pye, J P; Ray, T P; Renotte, Etienne; Renouf, Ian; Ressler, M E; Samara-Ratna, Piyal; Scheithauer, Silvia; Schneider, Analyn; Shaughnessy, Bryan; Stevenson, Tim; Sukhatme, Kalyani; Swinyard, Bruce; Sykes, Jon; Thatcher, John; Tikkanen, Tuomo; van Dishoeck, E F; Waelkens, C; Walker, Helen; Wells, Martyn; Zhender, Alex

    2015-01-01

    The Mid-InfraRed Instrument (MIRI) on the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) provides measurements over the wavelength range 5 to 28.5 microns. MIRI has, within a single 'package', four key scientific functions: photometric imaging, coronagraphy, single-source low-spectral resolving power (R ~ 100) spectroscopy, and medium-resolving power (R ~ 1500 to 3500) integral field spectroscopy. An associated cooler system maintains MIRI at its operating temperature of design of MIRI, the primary design parameters, and their realization in terms of the 'as-built' instrument. It also describes the test program that led to delivery of the tested and calibrated Flight Model to NASA in 2012, and the confirmation after delivery of the key interface requirements.

  8. Utilizing object-oriented design to build advanced optimization strategies with generic implementation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eldred, M.S.; Hart, W.E.; Bohnhoff, W.J.; Romero, V.J.; Hutchinson, S.A.; Salinger, A.G.

    1996-08-01

    the benefits of applying optimization to computational models are well known, but their range of widespread application to date has been limited. This effort attempts to extend the disciplinary areas to which optimization algorithms may be readily applied through the development and application of advanced optimization strategies capable of handling the computational difficulties associated with complex simulation codes. Towards this goal, a flexible software framework is under continued development for the application of optimization techniques to broad classes of engineering applications, including those with high computational expense and nonsmooth, nonconvex design space features. Object-oriented software design with C++ has been employed as a tool in providing a flexible, extensible, and robust multidisciplinary toolkit with computationally intensive simulations. In this paper, demonstrations of advanced optimization strategies using the software are presented in the hybridization and parallel processing research areas. Performance of the advanced strategies is compared with a benchmark nonlinear programming optimization.

  9. Dynamic building enclosures : the design of an innovative constructive system which permits mechanically-driven, computer-controlled shape transformations to the building envelope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Eric (Eric Freeman), 1964-

    1998-01-01

    Dynamic Building Enclosures is a system of prefabricated, lightweight, kit-of-parts wall and/or roof elements. This system has the unique capability of dynamically altering, or mutating its shape in reaction to changing ...

  10. Development of Building Automation and Control Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Yang; Zhu, Qi; Maasoumy, Mehdi; Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, Alberto

    2012-01-01

    A design flow for building automation and control systems,’’Development of Building Automation and Control Systems Yangdesign of the build- ing automation system (including the

  11. Building Energy Information Systems: User Case Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Granderson, Jessica

    2010-01-01

    a large gap between building energy performance as designed,and whole-building energy performance has been complicatedanalysis of building energy performance, and can have a

  12. Energy Department Issues Green Building Certification System...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Issues Green Building Certification System Final Rule to Support Increased Energy Measurement and Efficient Building Design Energy Department Issues Green Building Certification...

  13. Open Control Networking Systems for Smarter Building Operations-Fundamentals of System Architecture and Design 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibson, M.

    2011-01-01

    Logo www.lonmark.org ICEBO Oct 18-20, 2011 LONMARK Purpose ? To?promote?interoperable?products?and?collaborative? marketing?programs ? To?provide?a?forum?to?define?application?specific?design? requirements ? To?create?market?demand?for?open,?interoperable?systems... stream_source_info ESL-IC-11-10-48.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 18007 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name ESL-IC-11-10-48.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 Open?Control?Networking?Systems...

  14. About Singapore Green Building Council

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - friendly, energy efficiency building materials, design and architecture ­ reaching out to Green buildingAbout Singapore Green Building Council About SGBC Green Building Conference Conference Programme Green Building Conference In line with the mission of the Singapore Green Building Council (SGBC

  15. Innovative decision-making methods for the preliminary design and operations of air-cushion and other marine vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gougoulidis, Georgios

    2011-01-01

    Ship design is a large-scale, multi-level, complex problem that requires decision-making at every stage of the design process. As such, it requires a great deal of time and resources. The evolution of the process of ship ...

  16. Electric Vehicles

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Ozpineci, Burak

    2014-07-23

    Burak Ozpineci sees a future where electric vehicles charge while we drive them down the road, thanks in part to research under way at ORNL.

  17. Electric Vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ozpineci, Burak

    2014-05-02

    Burak Ozpineci sees a future where electric vehicles charge while we drive them down the road, thanks in part to research under way at ORNL.

  18. Improved Design of Motors for Increased Efficiency in Residential Commercial Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pragasen Pillay

    2008-12-31

    Research progress on understanding magnetic steel core losses is presented in this report. Three major aspects have been thoroughly investigated: 1, experimental characterization of core losses, 2, fundamental physical understanding of core losses and development of core loss formulas, and 3, design of more efficient machine based on the new formulations. Considerable progress has been achieved during the four years of research and the main achievements are summarized in the following: For the experimental characterization, a specially designed advanced commercial test bench was commissioned in addition to the development of a laboratory system with advanced capabilities. The measured properties are core losses at low and higher frequencies, with sinusoidal and non-sinusoidal excitations, at different temperatures, with different measurement apparatus (Toroids, Epstein etc). An engineering-based core loss formula has been developed which considers skin effect. The formula can predict core losses for both sinusoidal and non-sinusoidal flux densities and frequencies up to 4000 Hz. The formula is further tested in electric machines. The formula error range is 1.1% - 7.6% while the standard formulas can have % errors between -8.5% {-+} 44.7%. Two general core loss formulas, valid for different frequencies and thickness, have been developed by analytically and numerically solving Maxwell's equations based on a physical investigation of the dynamic hysteresis effects of magnetic materials. To our knowledge, they are the first models that can offer accurate core loss prediction over a wide range of operating frequencies and lamination thicknesses without a massive experimental database of core losses. The engineering core loss formula has been used with commercial software. The formula performs better than the modified Steinmetz and Bertotti's model used in Cedrat/Magsoft Flux 2D/3D. The new formula shows good correlation with measured results under both sinusoidal and non-sinusoidal excitations. A permanent magnet synchronous motor has been designed with the use of the engineering formula with Flux2D. There was acceptable agreement between predictions and measurements. This was further tested on an induction motor with toroid results.

  19. MathCAD model for the estimation of cost and main characteristics of air-cushion vehicles in the preliminary design stage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gougoulidis, Georgios

    2005-01-01

    In the naval architecture terminology, the term ACV (Air Cushion Vehicle) refers to this category of vehicles, in which a significant portion of the weight (or all the weight) is supported by forces arising from air pressures ...

  20. Evaluation on Cooling Energy Load with Varied Envelope Design for High-Rise Residential Buildings in Malaysia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Tamimi, N.; Fadzil, S.

    2010-01-01

    With the development of the economy in the recent years, Malaysia is maintaining a high economic growth and therefore, its energy consumption increases dramatically. Residential buildings are characterized by being envelope-load dominated buildings...

  1. Measuring-up in timber: A critical perspective on mid- and high-rise timber building design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fleming, Patrick; Smith, Simon; Ramage, Michael

    2014-07-07

    timber elements in high-rise buildings is still in its infancy. This paper offers a new perspective on building with wood at this scale, beyond carbon sequestration and construction. Criticism of existing projects and proposals, including the authors’ own...

  2. Building America Webinar: High Performance Space Conditioning Systems, Part II- Design Options for Locating Ducts within Conditioned Space

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation was delivered at the U.S. Department of Energy Building America webinar on November 18, 2014.

  3. Solar Ready Buildings Planning Guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lisell, L.; Tetreault, T.; Watson, A.

    2009-12-01

    This guide offers a checklist for building design and construction to enable installation of solar photovoltaic and heating systems at some time after the building is constructed.

  4. Evaluation of a Vehicle Visualization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kameda, Yoshinari

    , "Ergonomic Design and Evaluation of Augmented Reality Based Cautionary Warnings for Driving Assistance *1 *2 *2 *2 *1 *2 CG Evaluation of a Vehicle Visualization In this paper, we report an evaluation of the visualization method that displays a hidden vehicle

  5. Wei, J., Zhao, J., and Chen, Q. 2010, "Optimal design for a dual-airflow window for different climate regions in China," Energy and Buildings, 16(6), 785-798.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

    climate regions in China," Energy and Buildings, 16(6), 785-798. Optimal design for a dual-airflow window The dual-airflow window could be used to conserve energy and improve indoor air quality in buildings method 1 Introduction In China, energy demand for buildings accounts for nearly 27.5% of the total

  6. The construction industry is comprised of a wide range of businesses involved in engineering standards, building design, and the construction of various types of materials and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    energy efficient and cost-effective. Facilities can be designed, built, operated, and regulated-related impacts, such as high winds and flooding, influence the choice of site construction, building techniques data, such as temperature frequency distributions. · ClimateNormals, which are the averag

  7. Hybrid Vehicle Program. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1984-06-01

    This report summarizes the activities on the Hybrid Vehicle Program. The program objectives and the vehicle specifications are reviewed. The Hybrid Vehicle has been designed so that maximum use can be made of existing production components with a minimum compromise to program goals. The program status as of the February 9-10 Hardware Test Review is presented, and discussions of the vehicle subsystem, the hybrid propulsion subsystem, the battery subsystem, and the test mule programs are included. Other program aspects included are quality assurance and support equipment. 16 references, 132 figures, 47 tables.

  8. Assigning Robust Default Values in Building Performance Simulation Software for Improved Decision-Making in the Initial Stages of Building Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiyama, Kyosuke

    2015-01-01

    Applying data mining techniques on a database of BIM models could provide valuable insights in key design patterns implicitly present in these BIM models. The architectural designer would then be able to use previous data ...

  9. Plugging Vehicles into Clean Energy October, 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    about energy.4 In fact, several participants installed solar panels and undertook building energyPlugging Vehicles into Clean Energy 1 October, 2012 Plugging Vehicles into Clean Energy Max Council, 2 Energy Solutions (the majority of this author's research was performed while employed

  10. ISET Journal of Earthquake Technology, Paper No. 444, Vol. 41, No. 1, March 2004, pp. 141-158 PERFORMANCE-BASED SEISMIC DESIGN OF 3D R/C BUILDINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Vinay Kumar

    -158 PERFORMANCE-BASED SEISMIC DESIGN OF 3D R/C BUILDINGS USING INELASTIC STATIC AND DYNAMIC ANALYSIS PROCEDURES behaviour even for very strong earthquakes. KEYWORDS: Performance-Based Design, Seismic Design, Reinforced trend towards "performance-based" seismic design, which can be thought of as an explicit design

  11. Financing green buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Christopher John, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01

    An emerging trend in real estate is the development of sustainable buildings, partially due to the huge environmental impact of the design, construction and operation of commercial buildings. This thesis provides a brief ...

  12. Green Libraries Are More Than Just Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aulisio, George J.

    2013-01-01

    and measurable green building design, construction,Green Building Council (USGBC) certification that stands for Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design.

  13. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Vehicle & Systems...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Vehicle & Systems Simulation & Testing Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Vehicle & Systems Simulation & Testing...

  14. RH-LLW Disposal Facility Project CD-2/3 to Design/Build Proposal Reconciliation Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Annette L. Schafer

    2012-06-01

    A reconciliation plan was developed and implemented to address potential gaps and responses to gaps between the design/build vendor proposals and the Critical Decision-2/3 approval request package for the Remote-Handled Low Level Waste Disposal Facility Project. The plan and results of the plan implementation included development of a reconciliation team comprised of subject matter experts from Battelle Energy Alliance and the Department of Energy Idaho Operations Office, identification of reconciliation questions, reconciliation by the team, identification of unresolved/remaining issues, and identification of follow-up actions and subsequent approvals of responses. The plan addressed the potential for gaps to exist in the following areas: • Department of Energy Order 435.1, “Radioactive Waste Management,” requirements, including the performance assessment, composite analysis, monitoring plan, performance assessment/composite analysis maintenance plan, and closure plan • Environmental assessment supporting the National Environmental Policy Act • Nuclear safety • Safeguards and security • Emplacement operations • Requirements for commissioning • General project implementation. The reconciliation plan and results of the plan implementation are provided in a business-sensitive project file. This report provides the reconciliation plan and non-business sensitive summary responses to identified gaps.

  15. On the Use of Integrated Daylighting and Energy Simulations to Drive the Design of a Large Net-Zero Energy Office Building: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guglielmetti, R.; Pless, S.; Torcellini, P.

    2010-08-01

    This paper illustrates the challenges of integrating rigorous daylight and electric lighting simulation data with whole-building energy models, and defends the need for such integration to achieve aggressive energy savings. Through a case study example, we examine the ways daylighting -- and daylighting simulation -- drove the design of a large net-zero energy project. We give a detailed review of the daylighting and electric lighting design process for the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Research Support Facility (RSF), a 220,000 ft2 net-zero energy project the author worked on as a daylighting consultant. A review of the issues involved in simulating and validating the daylighting performance of the RSF will be detailed, including daylighting simulation, electric lighting control response, and integration of Radiance simulation data into the building energy model. Daylighting was a key strategy in reaching the contractual energy use goals for the RSF project; the building's program, layout, orientation and interior/furniture design were all influenced by the daylighting design, and simulation was critical in ensuring these many design components worked together in an integrated fashion, and would perform as required to meet a very aggressive energy performance goal, as expressed in a target energy use intensity.

  16. Equivalent circuit modeling of hybrid electric vehicle drive train 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Routex, Jean-Yves

    2001-01-01

    The main goals of the advanced vehicles designer are to improve efficiency, to decrease emissions and to meet customer's requirements. The design of such vehicles is challenging and cannot efficiently be achieved without an appropriate tool...

  17. Harvesting Vehicle Exhaust with Zero Parasitics | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Harvesting Vehicle Exhaust with Zero Parasitics Thermal cycling pyroelectric generator is designed to harvest engine waste heat and electrify belt-driven components...

  18. Fuel Cell Vehicles and Hydrogen in Preparing for market launch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Fuel Cell Vehicles and Hydrogen in California Preparing for market launch Catherine Dunwoody June 27, 2012 #12;2 A fuel cell vehicle is electric! 2 · 300-400 mile range · Zero-tailpipe emissions · To launch market and build capacity #12;12 H2 stations and vehicle growth #12;13 California Fuel Cell

  19. Robotic vehicle

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Box, W.D.

    1997-02-11

    A robotic vehicle is described for travel through a conduit. The robotic vehicle includes forward and rear housings each having a hub portion, and each being provided with surface engaging mechanisms for selectively engaging the walls of the conduit such that the housings can be selectively held in stationary positions within the conduit. The surface engaging mechanisms of each housing includes a plurality of extendable appendages, each of which is radially extendable relative to the operatively associated hub portion between a retracted position and a radially extended position. The robotic vehicle also includes at least three selectively extendable members extending between the forward and rear housings, for selectively changing the distance between the forward and rear housings to effect movement of the robotic vehicle. 20 figs.

  20. Robotic vehicle

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Box, W. Donald (Oak Ridge, TN)

    1997-01-01

    A robotic vehicle for travel through a conduit. The robotic vehicle includes forward and rear housings each having a hub portion, and each being provided with surface engaging mechanisms for selectively engaging the walls of the conduit such that the housings can be selectively held in stationary positions within the conduit. The surface engaging mechanisms of each housing includes a plurality of extendable appendages, each of which is radially extendable relative to the operatively associated hub portion between a retracted position and a radially extended position. The robotic vehicle also includes at least three selectively extendable members extending between the forward and rear housings, for selectively changing the distance between the forward and rear housings to effect movement of the robotic vehicle.

  1. Robotic vehicle

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Box, W.D.

    1998-08-11

    A robotic vehicle is described for travel through a conduit. The robotic vehicle includes forward and rear housings each having a hub portion, and each being provided with surface engaging mechanisms for selectively engaging the walls of the conduit such that the housings can be selectively held in stationary positions within the conduit. The surface engaging mechanisms of each housing includes a plurality of extendible appendages, each of which is radially extendible relative to the operatively associated hub portion between a retracted position and a radially extended position. The robotic vehicle also includes at least three selectively extendible members extending between the forward and rear housings, for selectively changing the distance between the forward and rear housings to effect movement of the robotic vehicle. 20 figs.

  2. Robotic vehicle

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Box, W. Donald (Oak Ridge, TN)

    1998-01-01

    A robotic vehicle for travel through a conduit. The robotic vehicle includes forward and rear housings each having a hub portion, and each being provided with surface engaging mechanisms for selectively engaging the walls of the conduit such that the housings can be selectively held in stationary positions within the conduit. The surface engaging mechanisms of each housing includes a plurality of extendable appendages, each of which is radially extendable relative to the operatively associated hub portion between a retracted position and a radially extended position. The robotic vehicle also includes at least three selectively extendable members extending between the forward and rear housings, for selectively changing the distance between the forward and rear housings to effect movement of the robotic vehicle.

  3. EA-2020: Energy Efficiency Design Standards for New Federal Low-Rise Residential Buildings (RIN# 1904-AD56)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA will evaluate the potential environmental impacts of implementing the provisions in the Energy Conservation and Production Act (ECPA) that require DOE to update the baseline Federal energy efficiency performance standards for the construction of new Federal buildings, including low-rise residential buildings.

  4. BUILDING PERFORMANCE ENGINEERING DURING CONSTRUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toole, T. Michael

    1 BUILDING PERFORMANCE ENGINEERING DURING CONSTRUCTION T. Michael Toole1 and Matthew Hallowell2 of building performance engineering tasks on design-bid-build projects are typically provided by entities building construction projects. Twenty four building performance engineering tasks were required

  5. Impact of different building ventilation modes on occupant expectations of the main IEQ factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Jungsoo; de Dear, Richard

    2012-01-01

    Buildings. [4] USGBC. Green building design and constuction:reference guide for green building design and construction.Technical manual: green star office design & office as built

  6. Building America Case Study: Calculating Design Heating Loads for Superinsulated Buildings, Ithaca, New York (Fact Sheet), Clean Cities, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a l De pEnergy IndustrialofofBuilding Science

  7. Effects of Vehicle Image in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Ken; Turrentine, Tom

    2005-01-01

    of Vehicle Image in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles Reidof Vehicle Image in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles Reidhigh demand for gasoline-hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs)?

  8. Vehicle Technologies Office - AVTA: Hybrid-Electric Tractor Vehicles...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Tractor Vehicles Vehicle Technologies Office - AVTA: Hybrid-Electric Tractor Vehicles The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a...

  9. Accessible buildings Moderately accessible buildings*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Dongwon

    Campus neighborhood map Moderately accessible paths** Accessible building entrance via parking lot to the University Park campus. This map, provided by UAC, is designed to assist persons with disabilities in finding accessibility. Your observations and suggestions regarding architectural For more information on UAC, you can

  10. Building & Fire Assist Director

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buren Physical Safety (Electrical, Confined Space, Machinery, Fall Prevention) Construction & Remodel Design Review Lab / Shop Safety Surveys Regulated Building Materials Public Health (Food, Water, Pests

  11. Chapter 3: Building Siting

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    : Building Siting Site Issues at LANL Site Inventory and Analysis Site Design Transportation and Parking LANL | Chapter 3 Site Issues at LANL Definitions and related documents...

  12. Whole Building Energy Simulation

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Whole building energy simulation, also referred to as energy modeling, can and should be incorporated early during project planning to provide energy impact feedback for which design considerations...

  13. Design, Construction and Performance of a Buck-Boost Converter for an Ultracapacitor-Based Auxiliary Energy System for Electric Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    energy systems (gas turbines, fuel cells, etc) with lower power ratings, similar to the mean power a serial connection of a generic hybrid vehicle, often used in vehicles running on fuel cells or Zinc energy density of gas or hydrogen and high efficiency of electric drive systems [1]. Still, gas

  14. Utilities building NGV infrastructure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-04-01

    Gas utilities across the US are aggressively pursuing the natural gas vehicle market by putting in place the infrastructure needed to ensure the growth of the important market. The first annual P and GJ NGV Marketing Survey has revealed many utilities plant to build and continue building NGV fueling facilities. The NGV industry in the US is confronting a classic chicken-or-egg quandary. Fleet operators and individual drivers are naturally unwilling to commit to a natural gas vehicle fuel until sufficient fueling facilities are in place, yet service station operators are reluctant to add NGV refueling capacity until enough CNG vehicles are on the road to create demand. The future of the NGV market is bright, but continued research and product improvements by suppliers as well as LDCs is needed if the potential is to be fulfilled. Advances in refueling facilities must continue if the market is to develop.

  15. VEHICLE EMISSIONS AND TRAFFIC MEASURES: EXPLORATORY ANALYSIS OF FIELD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frey, H. Christopher

    VEHICLE EMISSIONS AND TRAFFIC MEASURES: EXPLORATORY ANALYSIS OF FIELD OBSERVATIONS AT SIGNALIZED between vehicle emissions and traffic control measures is an important step toward reducing the potential roadway design and traffic control, have the ability to reduce vehicle emissions. However, current vehicle

  16. Smart Buildings: Business Case and Action Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ehrlich, Paul

    2009-01-01

    Switch Floor 1 GSA Smart Buildings Report April 8, 2009 Pageinto the revised P100 and Smart Building Design GuideIssue revised P100 and Smart Building Design Guide High

  17. Occupant satisfaction with indoor environmental quality in green buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abbaszadeh, S.; Zagreus, Leah; Lehrer, D.; Huizenga, C

    2006-01-01

    While it has brought green design and construction practicesand Environmental Design (LEED) Green Building Rating Systemof sustainable design, we question how green buildings are

  18. Hydrogen ICE Vehicle Testing Activities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. Francfort; D. Karner

    2006-04-01

    The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity teamed with Electric Transportation Applications and Arizona Public Service to develop and monitor the operations of the APS Alternative Fuel (Hydrogen) Pilot Plant. The Pilot Plant provides 100% hydrogen, and hydrogen and compressed natural gas (H/CNG)-blended fuels for the evaluation of hydrogen and H/CNG internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles in controlled and fleet testing environments. Since June 2002, twenty hydrogen and H/CNG vehicles have accumulated 300,000 test miles and 5,700 fueling events. The AVTA is part of the Department of Energy’s FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program. These testing activities are managed by the Idaho National Laboratory. This paper discusses the Pilot Plant design and monitoring, and hydrogen ICE vehicle testing methods and results.

  19. Optimization of a Solar Chimney Design to Enhance Natural Ventilation in a Multi-Storey Office Building 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gontikaki, M.; Trcka, M.; Hensen, J.; Hoes, P. J.

    2010-01-01

    Natural ventilation of buildings can be achieved with solar-driven , buoyancy-induced airflow through a solar chimney channel. Research on solar chimneys has covered a wide range of topics, yet study of the integration in ...

  20. Cluster building by policy design: a sociotechnical constituency study of information communication technology (ICT) industries in Scotland and Hong Kong 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Alexandra Wai Wah

    2009-01-01

    This thesis investigates whether and how public policies can help build industrial clusters. The research applies a case study method based on 60 interviews to the emerging information communication technology (ICT) ...

  1. Wall Design Redundancy for Improving the Moisture Performance of Building Cladding Systems in Hot-Humid Climates 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graham, C. W.

    2000-01-01

    problem for building owners. In recent years reports of damage to building envelope components, including rot of wood framing and corrosion of metal earning and fasteners, have increased dramatically. For example, numerous reports of water... the wood fiaming supporting their cladding. Water-related problems with EIFS in over 300 homes in the Wilmington, North Carolina area were reported by the NAHB Research Center in 1996, and before that in the same area by the Wilrnington Section...

  2. Passive solar buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balcomb, J.D.

    1992-10-01

    Developments in passive solar buildings that took place from the early 1970`s through 1989 are described. Much of the work covered was federally sponsored during the period 1975 through 1986. About half the volume is devoted to quantitative methods for modeling, simulation, and design analysis of passive buildings; the other half summarizes the quantitative results of testing and monitoring of models and buildings. The following are covered: building solar gain modeling, simulation analysis, simplified methods, materials and components, analytical results for specific systems, test modules, building integration, performance monitoring and results, and design tools. (MHR)

  3. Passive solar buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balcomb, J.D. )

    1992-01-01

    Developments in passive solar buildings that took place from the early 1970's through 1989 are described. Much of the work covered was federally sponsored during the period 1975 through 1986. About half the volume is devoted to quantitative methods for modeling, simulation, and design analysis of passive buildings; the other half summarizes the quantitative results of testing and monitoring of models and buildings. The following are covered: building solar gain modeling, simulation analysis, simplified methods, materials and components, analytical results for specific systems, test modules, building integration, performance monitoring and results, and design tools. (MHR)

  4. XAUV : modular high maneuverability autonomous underwater vehicle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Daniel G. (Daniel George)

    2009-01-01

    The design and construction of a modular test bed autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) is analyzed. Although a relatively common stacked-hull design is used, the state of the art is advanced through an aggressive power ...

  5. Hydronic Systems: Designing for Setback Operation, Ithaca, New York (Fact Sheet), Building America Case Study: Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes, Building Technologies Office (BTO)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12,ExecutiveFinancingR Walls -Hydro-PacHydronic Systems: Designing for Setback

  6. Robotic vehicle

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Box, W.D.

    1996-03-12

    A robotic vehicle is described for travel through an enclosed or partially enclosed conduit or pipe including vertical and/or horizontal conduit or pipe. The robotic vehicle comprises forward and rear housings each provided with a surface engaging mechanism for selectively engaging the walls of the conduit through which the vehicle is travelling, whereby the housings are selectively held in a stationary position within the conduit. The vehicle also includes at least three selectively extendable members, each of which defines a cavity therein. The forward end portion of each extendable member is secured to the forward housing and the rear end portion of each housing is secured to the rear housing. Each of the extendable members is independently extendable from a retracted position to an extended position upon the injection of a gas under pressure into the cavity of the extendable member such that the distance between the forward housing and the rear housing can be selectively increased. Further, each of the extendable members is independently retractable from the extended position to the retracted position upon the application of a vacuum to the cavity of the extendable member such that the distance between the forward housing and the rear housing can be selectively decreased. 14 figs.

  7. Robotic vehicle

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Box, W.D.

    1994-03-15

    A robotic vehicle is described for travel through an enclosed or partially enclosed conduit or pipe including vertical and/or horizontal conduit or pipe. The robotic vehicle comprises forward and rear housings each provided with a surface engaging mechanism for selectively engaging the walls of the conduit through which the vehicle is travelling, whereby the housings are selectively held in a stationary position within the conduit. The vehicle also includes at least three selectively extendable members, each of which defines a cavity therein. The forward end portion of each extendable member is secured to the forward housing and the rear end portion of each housing is secured to the rear housing. Each of the extendable members is independently extendable from a retracted position to an extended position upon the injection of a gas under pressure into the cavity of the extendable member such that the distance between the forward housing and the rear housing can be selectively increased. Further, each of the extendable members is independently retractable from the extended position to the retracted position upon the application of a vacuum to the cavity of the extendable member such that the distance between the forward housing and the rear housing can be selectively decreased. 11 figures.

  8. Robotic vehicle

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Box, W. Donald (115 Newhaven Rd., Oak Ridge, TN 37830)

    1994-01-01

    A robotic vehicle (10) for travel through an enclosed or partially enclosed conduit or pipe including vertical and/or horizontal conduit or pipe. The robotic vehicle (10) comprises forward and rear housings (32 and 12) each provided with a surface engaging mechanism for selectively engaging the walls of the conduit through which the vehicle is travelling, whereby the housings (32 and 12) are selectively held in a stationary position within the conduit. The vehicle (10) also includes at least three selectively extendable members (46), each of which defines a cavity (56) therein. The forward end portion (50) of each extendable member (46) is secured to the forward housing (32) and the rear end portion (48) of each housing is secured to the rear housing (12). Each of the extendable members (46) is independently extendable from a retracted position to an extended position upon the injection of a gas under pressure into the cavity (56) of the extendable member such that the distance between the forward housing (32 ) and the rear housing (12) can be selectively increased. Further, each of the extendable members (46) is independently retractable from the extended position to the retracted position upon the application of a vacuum to the cavity (56) of the extendable member (46) such that the distance between the forward housing (32) and the rear housing (12) can be selectively decreased.

  9. Robotic vehicle

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Box, W. Donald (Oak Ridge, TN)

    1996-01-01

    A robotic vehicle (10) for travel through an enclosed or partially enclosed conduit or pipe including vertical and/or horizontal conduit or pipe. The robotic vehicle (10) comprises forward and rear housings (32 and 12) each provided with a surface engaging mechanism for selectively engaging the walls of the conduit through which the vehicle is travelling, whereby the housings (32 and 12) are selectively held in a stationary position within the conduit. The vehicle (10) also includes at least three selectively extendable members (46), each of which defines a cavity (56) therein. The forward end portion (50) of each extendable member (46) is secured to the forward housing (32) and the rear end portion (48) of each housing is secured to the rear housing (12). Each of the extendable members (46) is independently extendable from a retracted position to an extended position upon the injection of a gas under pressure into the cavity (56) of the extendable member such that the distance between the forward housing (32 ) and the rear housing (12) can be selectively increased. Further, each of the extendable members (46) is independently retractable from the extended position to the retracted position upon the application of a vacuum to the cavity (56) of the extendable member (46) such that the distance between the forward housing (32) and the rear housing (12) can be selectively decreased.

  10. Vehicle Technologies Office: Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    (AVTA) Data and Results The Vehicle Technologies Office (VTO) supports work to develop test procedures and carry out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies...

  11. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA - Electric Vehicle Community...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AVTA - Electric Vehicle Community and Fleet Readiness Data and Reports Making plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs, also known as electric cars) as affordable and convenient as...

  12. Smith Electric Vehicles: Advanced Vehicle Electrification + Transporta...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Peer Evaluation Meeting arravt072vssmackie2013o.pdf More Documents & Publications Smith Electric Vehicles: Advanced Vehicle Electrification + Transportation Sector...

  13. Vehicle Technologies Office: 2008 Advanced Vehicle Technology...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Advanced Vehicle Technology Analysis and Evaluation Activities and Heavy Vehicle Systems Optimization Program Annual Progress Report Well-to-Wheels Analysis of Energy Use and...

  14. Vehicle Technologies Office: 2009 Advanced Vehicle Technology...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Advanced Vehicle Technology Analysis and Evaluation Activities and Heavy Vehicle Systems Optimization Program Annual Progress Report 2009avtaehvso.pdf More Documents &...

  15. Building Energy Efficient Schools 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McClure, J. D.; Estes, J. M.

    1985-01-01

    Many new school buildings consume only half the energy required by similar efficient structures designed without energy performance as a design criterion. These are comfortable and efficient while construction costs remain about the same as those...

  16. No loss fueling station for liquid natural gas vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cieslukowski, R.E.

    1992-06-16

    This patent describes a no loss fueling station for delivery of liquid natural gas (LNG) to a use device such as a motor vehicle. It comprises: a pressure building tank holding a quantity of LNG and gas head; means for delivering LNG to the pressure building tank; means for selectively building the pressure in the pressure building tank; means for selectively reducing the pressure in the pressure building tank; means for controlling the pressure building and pressure reducing means to maintain a desired pressure in the pressure building tank without venting natural gas to the atmosphere; and means for delivering the LNG from the pressure building tank to the use device.

  17. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: A Combined Experimental and Modeling Approach for the Design of High Coulombic Efficiency Si Electrodes

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by General Motors at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about a combined experimental and...

  18. Design of a four rotor unmanned aerial vehicle capable of sustaining zero-roll and zero-pitch flight using vector thrusting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hilton, Danny Charles

    2005-01-01

    In recent decades, remote controlled airplanes and helicopters equipped with video cameras have been used by the movie industry, photographers, and for surveillance. The military deploys these unmanned aerial vehicles ...

  19. Development of Production-Intent Plug-In Hybrid Vehicle Using Advanced Lithium-Ion Battery Packs with Deployment to a Demonstration Fleet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    No, author

    2013-09-29

    The primary goal of this project was to speed the development of one of the first commercially available, OEM-produced plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV). The performance of the PHEV was expected to double the fuel economy of the conventional hybrid version. This vehicle program incorporated a number of advanced technologies, including advanced lithium-ion battery packs and an E85-capable flex-fuel engine. The project developed, fully integrated, and validated plug-in specific systems and controls by using GM’s Global Vehicle Development Process (GVDP) for production vehicles. Engineering Development related activities included the build of mule vehicles and integration vehicles for Phases I & II of the project. Performance data for these vehicles was shared with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The deployment of many of these vehicles was restricted to internal use at GM sites or restricted to assigned GM drivers. Phase III of the project captured the first half or Alpha phase of the Engineering tasks for the development of a new thermal management design for a second generation battery module. The project spanned five years. It included six on-site technical reviews with representatives from the DOE. One unique aspect of the GM/DOE collaborative project was the involvement of the DOE throughout the OEM vehicle development process. The DOE gained an understanding of how an OEM develops vehicle efficiency and FE performance, while balancing many other vehicle performance attributes to provide customers well balanced and fuel efficient vehicles that are exciting to drive. Many vehicle content and performance trade-offs were encountered throughout the vehicle development process to achieve product cost and performance targets for both the OEM and end customer. The project team completed two sets of PHEV development vehicles with fully integrated PHEV systems. Over 50 development vehicles were built and operated for over 180,000 development miles. The team also completed four GM engineering development Buy-Off rides/milestones. The project included numerous engineering vehicle and systems development trips including extreme hot, cold and altitude exposure. The final fuel economy performance demonstrated met the objectives of the PHEV collaborative GM/DOE project. Charge depletion fuel economy of twice that of the non-PHEV model was demonstrated. The project team also designed, developed and tested a high voltage battery module concept that appears to be feasible from a manufacturability, cost and performance standpoint. The project provided important product development and knowledge as well as technological learnings and advancements that include multiple U.S. patent applications.

  20. Battery Thermal Management System Design Modeling (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, G-H.; Pesaran, A.

    2006-10-01

    Presents the objectives and motivations for a battery thermal management vehicle system design study.

  1. Optimal design of ground source heat pump system integrated with phase change cooling storage tank in an office building 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, N.

    2014-01-01

    source heat pump system integrated with phase change cooling storage tank in an office building Dr. Na Zhu Department of Building Environment and Energy Engineering Huazhong University of Science & Technology, Wuhan, China 2014-09-14 ESL-IC-14-09-18a...-conditioning system: ?Splitting air-conditioner for cooling and coal fired boiler for heating. • Problems: a)Energy efficiency is low b)This system is not environmental friendly 2014/11/11 New energy saving technology ESL-IC-14-09-18a Proceedings of the 14th...

  2. Electric vehicle climate control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dauvergne, J.

    1994-04-01

    EVs have insufficient energy sources for a climatic comfort system. The heat rejection of the drivetrain is dispersed in the vehicle (electric motor, batteries, electronic unit for power control). Its level is generally low (no more than 2-kW peaks) and variable according to the trip profile, with no heat rejection at rest and a maximum during regenerative braking. Nevertheless, it must be used for heating. It is not realistic to have the A/C compressor driven by the electric traction motor: the motor does not operate when the vehicle is at rest, precisely when maximum cooling power is required. The same is true for hybrid vehicles during electric operation. It is necessary to develop solutions that use stored onboard energy either from the traction batteries or specific storage source. In either case, it is necessary to design the climate control system to use the energy efficiently to maximize range and save weight. Heat loss through passenger compartment seals and the walls of the passenger compartment must be limited. Plastic body panes help to reduce heat transfer, and heat gain is minimized with insulating glazing. This article describes technical solutions to solve the problem of passenger thermal comfort. However, the heating and A/C systems of electrically operated vehicles may have marginal performance at extreme outside temperatures.

  3. Simplified vector-valued probabilistic seismic hazard analysis and probabilistic seismic demand analysis : application to the 13-story NEHRP reinforced concrete frame-wall building design example

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbosa, André R.

    2011-01-01

    Seismic collapse safety of reinforced concrete buildings: I. AssessmentSeismic collapse safety of reinforced concrete buildings: II. comparative assessment

  4. Performance, Charging, and Second-use Considerations for Lithium Batteries for Plug-in Electric Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burke, Andrew

    2009-01-01

    for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs): Goals andE. , Plug-in Hybrid-Electric Vehicle Powertrain Design andLithium Batteries for Plug-in Electric Vehicles Andrew Burke

  5. Proposal for the Award of Three Contracts without competitive tendering or Design Calculations and Drawings for the Reinforced Concrete Work in LEP Surface Buildings and Supervision of their Implementation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1987-01-01

    Proposal for the Award of Three Contracts without competitive tendering or Design Calculations and Drawings for the Reinforced Concrete Work in LEP Surface Buildings and Supervision of their Implementation

  6. Acquisition of building geometry in the simulation of energy performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bazjanac, Vladimir

    2001-01-01

    New-Generation Building Energy Simulation Program," Energy &Classes,” Building Energy Simulation User News, Vol.21,Clarke, J.A. 1985. Energy Simulation in Building Design,

  7. Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles (Spanish Version); Clean Cities, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-08-01

    This is a Spanish-language brochure about hybrid and plug-in electric vehicles, which use electricity as their primary fuel or to improve the efficiency of conventional vehicle designs. These vehicles can be divided into three categories: hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), all-electric vehicles (EVs). Together, they have great potential to cut U.S. petroleum use and vehicle emissions.

  8. The Contemporary Architecture Design for the Housing Green Buildings and its Role in Saving Energy in the Arab City 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmed, K.; Barashed, K.

    2010-01-01

    - THE CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE DESING FOR THE HOUSING GREEN BUILDINGS AND IT'S ROLE IN SAVING ENERGY IN THE ARAB CITY PROF.DR.KAMEL ABDEL NASER AHMED PROF of the urban planning and the precedence dean of the Faculty of Engineering and Petroleum...

  9. PaNeCS: A Modeling Language for Passivity-based Design of Networked Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koutsoukos, Xenofon D.

    to check for passivity and a code gener- ator for simulation in MATLAB/Simulink using the TrueTime platform modeling toolbox. The resulting designs are by construction more robust to platform effects). Real-world CPSs such as automotive vehicles, building automation systems, and groups of unmanned air

  10. Heavy Duty Vehicle Futures Analysis.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Askin, Amanda Christine; Barter, Garrett; West, Todd H.; Manley, Dawn Kataoka

    2014-05-01

    This report describes work performed for an Early Career Research and Development project. This project developed a heavy-duty vehicle (HDV) sector model to assess the factors influencing alternative fuel and efficiency technology adoption. This model builds on a Sandia light duty vehicle sector model and provides a platform for assessing potential impacts of technological advancements developed at the Combustion Research Facility. Alternative fuel and technology adoption modeling is typically developed around a small set of scenarios. This HDV sector model segments the HDV sector and parameterizes input values, such as fuel prices, efficiencies, and vehicle costs. This parameterization enables sensitivity and trade space analyses to identify the inputs that are most associated with outputs of interest, such as diesel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. Thus this analysis tool enables identification of the most significant HDV sector drivers that can be used to support energy security and climate change goals.

  11. Modified Cooper Harper scales for assessing unmanned vehicle displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donmez, Birsen

    Unmanned vehicle (UV) displays are often the only information link between operators and vehicles, so their design is critical to mission success. However, there is currently no standardized methodology for operators to ...

  12. Trajectory planning for unmanned vehicles using robust receding horizon control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuwata, Yoshiaki, 1978-

    2007-01-01

    This thesis presents several trajectory optimization algorithms for a team of cooperating unmanned vehicles operating in an uncertain and dynamic environment. The first, designed for a single vehicle, is the Robust Safe ...

  13. Powertrain & Vehicle Research Centre

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    shaft - = Inlet Pressure Com pressor Torque Turbine Torque Shaft Speed Boost Temp Virtual Engine Research Fellow Funded Under EPSRC Project Codes EP/C540883/1 & EP/C540891/1 Engine Modelling Advanced Classical or Space Filling Designs Experiments Cycle Simulation Engine Test Historical Data Build Models

  14. Building Stones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    3). Photographs by the author. Building Stones, Harrell, UEEOxford Short Citation: Harrell, 2012, Building Stones. UEE.Harrell, James A. , 2012, Building Stones. In Willeke

  15. DOE Vehicle Technologies Program 2009 Merit Review Report - Vehicle...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Vehicle Systems DOE Vehicle Technologies Program 2009 Merit Review Report - Vehicle Systems Merit review of DOE Vehicle Technologies Program research efforts 2009meritreview1.p...

  16. Vehicle Technologies Office Recognizes Leaders in Advanced Vehicle...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Vehicle Technologies Office Recognizes Leaders in Advanced Vehicle Research, Development and Deployment Vehicle Technologies Office Recognizes Leaders in Advanced Vehicle Research,...

  17. 2010 DOE EERE Vehicle Technologies Program Merit Review - Vehicle...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    - Vehicle Systems Simulation and Testing 2010 DOE EERE Vehicle Technologies Program Merit Review - Vehicle Systems Simulation and Testing Vehicle systems research and development...

  18. Volttron Enabling Vehicle-to-Building Integration

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematics And Statistics » USAJobs Search USAJobsAdvancedVeteran LeadershipVision for09 DOE2013)

  19. Building Cost and Performance Metrics: Data Collection Protocol, Revision 1.0

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fowler, Kimberly M.; Solana, Amy E.; Spees, Kathleen L.

    2005-09-29

    This technical report describes the process for selecting and applying the building cost and performance metrics for measuring sustainably designed buildings in comparison to traditionally designed buildings.

  20. PASSIVE DETECTION OF VEHICLE LOADING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrett, A.

    2012-01-03

    The Digital Imaging and Remote Sensing Laboratory (DIRS) at the Rochester Institute of Technology, along with the Savannah River National Laboratory is investigating passive methods to quantify vehicle loading. The research described in this paper investigates multiple vehicle indicators including brake temperature, tire temperature, engine temperature, acceleration and deceleration rates, engine acoustics, suspension response, tire deformation and vibrational response. Our investigation into these variables includes building and implementing a sensing system for data collection as well as multiple full-scale vehicle tests. The sensing system includes; infrared video cameras, triaxial accelerometers, microphones, video cameras and thermocouples. The full scale testing includes both a medium size dump truck and a tractor-trailer truck on closed courses with loads spanning the full range of the vehicle's capacity. Statistical analysis of the collected data is used to determine the effectiveness of each of the indicators for characterizing the weight of a vehicle. The final sensing system will monitor multiple load indicators and combine the results to achieve a more accurate measurement than any of the indicators could provide alone.